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Full text of "Halifax books and authors : a series of articles on the books written by natives and residents, ancient and modern, of the parish of Halifax (stretching from Todmorden to Brighouse), with notices of their authors and of the local printers"




2024 
H19T7 



HALIFAX BOOKS 
AND AUTHORS. 

A SERIES OF ARTICLES ON THE 

OOKS WRITTEN BY NATIVES AND RESIDENTS, 

ANCIENT AND MODERN, 

OF THE PARIS?! OF HALIFAX 

(STRETCHING FROM TODMORDEN TO BRIGHOUSB), 
ITH NOTICES OF THEIR AUTHORS AND OF 
THE LOCAL PRINTERS; 

COMPRISING MATERIALS FOR THE 

LOCAL AND LITERARY HISTORY 

:-.e Parish, including Antiquity, Genealogy, Biography, Topography, 
Natural History, Scientific Research, Political and Economic Progress, 

amentary and Municipal Matters, Theology, Romanism, 
Anglicanism, Congregationalism, Quakerism, Unitarianism, 
Methodism, Moravianism, Baptist Denominationalism, 
Poetry, Hymnology, Law and Ethics, Fiction, &c.; 
Lists of Vicars, Nonconformist Ministers, 
rtraits, &c. 



I?y JT 



IDEL, BRADFORD. 



PRIVATELY PRINTED A 



"KIGHOUSE 






UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 
LIBRARY 



ONTARIO LEGISLATIVE 
LIBRARY 




HALIFAX BOOKS 
AND AUTHORS. 



A SERIES OF ARTICLES ON THE 

BOOKS WRITTEN BY NATIVES AND RESIDENTS, 

ANCIENT AND MODERN, 

OF THE PARISH OF HALIFAX 

(STRETCHING FROM TODMORDEN TO BRIGHOUSE), 

WITH NOTICES OF THEIR AUTHORS AND OF 

THE LOCAL PRINTERS; 

COMPRISING MATERIALS FOR THE 

LOCAL AND LITERARY HISTORY 

of the Parish, including Antiquity, Genealogy, Biography, Topography, 

Natural History, Scientific Research, Political and Economic Progress, 

Parliamentary and Municipal Matters, Theology, Romanism, 

Anglicanism, Congregationalism, Quakerism, Unitarianism, 

Methodism, Moravianism, Baptist Denominationalism, 

Poetry, Hymnology, Law and Ethics, Fiction, &c.; 

Lists of Vicars, Nonconformist Ministers, 

Portraits, &c. 



J HORSFALL TURNER, 

IDEL, BRADFORD. 



I'RIVATELY PRINTED AT THE " NEWS " OFFICE, BRIGHOUSE. 

1906. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



CONTENTS. 



Page. 

5 I. HY. KRABTREE 

6 II. SAVILBS 

8 HI.^SAVILES 

9 IV. W. AINSWORTH 

10 V. do. 

11 VI. TILLOTSON 

13 VII. do. 

14 VIII. do. 

15 IX. do. 

17 X. S. OGDBN 

18 XI. S. M1DGLEY (Bentley.) 

19 XH. do. 

20 XIII. T. WRIGHT 

21 XIV.-J. WATSON 
23 XV. do. 

26 XVI. do. 

28 XVII. J. CRABTREE 

29 XVIII. CAPT. HODGSON 
31 XIX. H. RAM&DEN 

31 XX. WILKINSONS 

32 XXI T. NETTLETOiX, B. WATKIN- 

SON 

33 XXII. SIR T. BROWNE, H. POWER, 

X. HULME 

34 XXIII. BREARCLIFFE, RITCHIE 

34 XXIV. DEAN BROTHERS, STAN- 

HOPE, ALEXANDER, GARNETT. 

35 XXV. P. BRONTE 

36 XXVI. W. MITCHELL, Baptist 

37 XXVII. D. CROSSLEY, do. 

38 XXVIII. D. TAYLOR, do. 

39 XXIX. do. do. 

41 XXX. BOSCO, BOia BOYSE 

42 XXXI. SERMONS Bentley, Brereton, 

Crowther, Graham, Patchit, Roote 

43 XXXII. SCHOOLMASTERS - Brigg, 

Brooksbank, Fletcher, Topham, C. 
Taylor 

44 XXXIII.- J. BARLOW 

45 XXXIV. HALIFAX PARISH 

REGISTERS 

46 XXXV. FAVOUR, List of Vicars 

47 XXXVI. VICARS, Clay. Wilkinson, 

Marsh, Hooke, Hough, Burton 
49 XXXVII. D. HARTLEY 
49 XXXVIII .-O. HEYWOOD 
51 XXXIX. do. N. HEYWOOD 

54 XL. JOHN MILNER 
56 XLI. Bp. LAKE 
S6 XLIL Bps. FARRER, HORSFALL, 

TILSON 
58 XLIII. MATTHEW, JOHN AND JOHN 

SMITH 



Pa^e. 

60 XLIV. JAS. BOLTON 

61 XLV. DEAN M. SUTCLIFFE 

63 XLVI. CALDERDALE RAILWAY 
65 XLVII. DR. FAWCETT 
68 XLVIIL do. JOHN, junior 

71 XLIX.-^TOHN FOSTER 

73 L. B. COORE, J. WHITTON 

74 LI. MARSDENS 

76 LII. TOWN, HILLS, N. CUDWORTH 

B. ARM1TAGE, S. STANCLIFFE 

77 LIII. J. DAWSON, ROBINSON, ASH- 

LEY, MALLINSON, W. RASTRICK, 
JAS. ILLJNGWORTH, J. WAITE 

79 UV. CLIFFORD^ HOLDSWORTHS, 

HOUGH, PEEBLES, J. SCHOLE- 
FIELD, E. WATERHOUSE 

80 LV. R. KENION, H. ROOTE, J. 

FERRETT, J. MITCHEQLL 

81 LVI. T. WRIGHT, of Birkenshaw 

83 LVII. TITUS KNIGHT, S. KNIGHT & 

SONS 

85 LVIII. JOSETH AND JOHN COCKIN 
87 LIX. SQUARE CHAPEL. Barling, 

Swing, Mellor, Lawrence, Jowett, 

Wadsworth. List of Ministers. Union 

Croft Chapel, Ministers. 
90 LX. SION MINISTERS. E. Parsons, 

junr., B. Dale 

92 LXL HARRISON ROAD MINISTERS. 

Keyworth, Obery, Willans, J. C. Gray, 

G. S. Smith 

Park Ministers. Blartlett, Bailey, 

Blanchford. 

Stannary Ministers. Heath Ministers. 

93 LXII. NORTHGATE PRESBYTERIAN 

AND UNITARIAN. List of Ejected 
1662; W. Priestley, Threlkelds, Ralph, 
Dr. Jones, J. Williams, Dunn, W. 
Turner, R. L. Carpenter, Millson 
95 LXin. BOOTH AND LUDDENDEN 
FOOT MINISTERS. Jas. Croseley, 
Calverts, D. Jones; Joshua Nicholson, 

A. V. Hall, A. Hall, S. D. Hillman, R. 
8. Thomas 

98 LXIV. MIXENDEN AND OVENDEN 
MINISTERS. Smiths, Rattray, J. 
Bates, G. Hundworth, J. Poynton; B. 
Leighton, Dr. J. Harrison, T. East, W. 
Wood 

100 LXV. WARLEY MINISTERS. W. Gra- 
ham. Rd. Simpson, T. Hawkins, W. 
Hugill, J. Preston, T. M. Newnes, Dr. 

B. Boothroyd 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Page. 

103 LXVI. STAINLAND, RISHWORTH, 

BiPPONDEN MINISTERS. S. Bar- 

rowolough; Holywell Green Ministers. 

Calverts, Jos. Wadsworth, J. 

Wadflworth, G. Hunsworth 

106 LXVII. SOWERBY AND SOWERBY 

BRIDGE MINISTERS. Ritchie Mof- 
fett, G. S. Smith 

107 LXVIII. EASTWOOD MINISTERS.- 

A. Blackburn 

109 LXIX. ELLAND MINISTERS. Mrs. 

Brooksbank, J. Brookebank, Blrooks- 
bank, J. Houghton, S. Girle, J. Ruddle, 
J. Wraith, F. Bolton, C. Leach 

110 LXX. NORTHOWRAM MINISTERS .- 

Dickinson; List of Students; T. 
Hutton, M. Pearson 

113 LXXI. LIGHTCLLFFE MINISTERS. 

Mrs. J. Wright, H. Piobarsgill, G. 
Swann; British School, J. H. Stowell, 
H. Storey 

114 LXX1L BRIGHOUSEI MINISTERS. J. 

Meldrum, 8. Lowell, R. Bell, R. Harley, 

J. B. Lister. J. Horsfall Turner. 
117 LXXHI. [T. B. Chambers,] Brighouee 

School 

120 LXXIV. POETS & RHYMSTERS. A.B. 
123 LXXV. POETS, &c., C. 
125 LXXVI. POETS, &c., D.E. 
128 LXXVTL POETS, &c., F.G. 
130 LXXVni. POETS, &c., H., and Halifax 

Press 

133 LXXIX. POETS, &c., H. 
187 LXXX. POETS, &c., I. M. 

139 LXXXI. POETS, &c., N. R. 

140 LXXXH. POETS, &c., S.T. 

143 LXXmi. POETiS, &c., T. W. 

144 LXXXIV. POETS, &c., fugitive pieces; 

anonymous. 

146 LXXXV. ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY: 
Lister, CLay, Crossley, Hanson, Brear- 
cliffe, Priestleys, Smith, of Bland 

149 LXXXVI. ANTIQUARIAN WRITERS 

151 LXXXVII. do do. 

153 LXXXVIII. do. do. 

154 LXXXIX. do. do. 
158 XC. do. do. 
161i XCI. do. do. 
162 XCII. do. do. 
165 XCTII. do. do. 

168 XCIV. ACTS OF PARLIAMENT 

170 SIR THOS. BROWNE 

170 XCV .-^SCIENTIFIC 

173 XCVI.-MORAVIAN 

176 XCVII. FICTION. Pilgrim and Adam, 
Female Pilgrim, De Foe's Robinson 
Crusoe, &c., Miss Moreton, Zara. 



Page. 

177 XCVIII. Edmond Hoyle, Dr. Joshua 
Hoyle, Greenwoods, Drakes, Favour, 
Isaac Smith, J. Lister, Schoolmaster, 
Hy. Foster. 

180 XCIX. THEOLOGIANS 

182 C. THEOLOGIANS 

185 CI. THEOLOGIANS 

187 GIL Working Man, Hy. Heap, C. Raw- 
son, G. Ryan, J. Sutcliffe, W. Carlisle, 
Dr. Legh, Joseph Barker, W. Trotter, 
J. Simpson 

189 GUI. QUAKERISM. C. Taylor, N. 

TiUotson, Thorps, S. G. Fryer 

190 CIV. NOVELISTS. Die Foe, Winn, M. 

H. Rankin, S. D. Wilson, E. Sloane, 
J. Whalley, Mrs. Haggard (Barber), S. 
D. Roberts, R. M. Kettle, J. Wriggles- 
worth, J. Ramsden, J. S. Fletcher, J. 
Hartley 

193 CV. BIOGRAPHIES. B. Wilson, H. 
Sugden, W. Kershaw, H. Shaw, T. 
Rawlinson, M. Stocks, Leyland (libel), 
Ingram, A. Oldfield, Fiddler Thomp- 
son, Joe Thompson, T. Sutcliffe, R. H. 
Gillmor, S. Baume, W. Hanson, T. 
Cheetham, J. Farrar, F. Grossley, T. 
Salt 

195 CVI. R. OASTLER 

197 CVIL HISTORICAL ' 

200 OTTII. POLITICAL, MUNICIPAL, PO'LL 

BOOKS 

201 CIX. GEiNEIRAL BAPTISTS 
204 CX. PARTICULAR BAPTISTS 
207 CXI. BAPTIST ASSOCIATION 
210 CXII. BAPTISTS 

213 CXIIL HALIFAX PHILOS. SOC. 
216 CXIV. LITERARY SOCIETIES, 
Schoolmasters 

219 CXV.-ETTHICAL, MEDICAL, &c. 

220 CXVI.-MEDICAL, SCIENTIFIC, &c. 
223 CXVII. SOCIETY REPORTS 

226 CXVIIL NEWSPAPERS AND 

MAGAZINES 

228 CXIX. ALMANACKS 
230 CXX. HALIFAX PRINTERS 
232 CXXI. do. do. 

235 CXXII. METHODIST HISTORY 

238 CXXIIL METHODIST PREACHERS 

241 CXXIV. do. do. 

245 CXXV. do. do. 

247 CXXVI. do. do. 

250 CXXVII. do. do. 

250 CXXVII. METHODIST LITERATURE 
252 CXXVHL MEfTHODIST BRANCHES 

255 CXXIX. NONCONFORMIST AND 

PAROCHIAL REGISTERS 
257 CXXX. HISTORICAL, SCIENTIFIC 
259 CXXXI. MISCELLANEOUS 



[Reprinted from the " Brigbonse Ne>."] 



fialifax Books $ flutbors 



BY 



J. HORSFALL TURNER, F.R.H.S. 



No. I. 
HENRY KRABTREE'S ALMANACK. 

After many years patience, or rather im- 
patience, I was able to meet with this rare 
little book a dozen years ago, and have not 
seen any other copy mentioned in the thou- 
sands of catalogues issued since that date. 
A notice of the old Yorkshire astrological 
curate appears in a magazine issued by a 
Manchester Literary Society. Krabtree be- 
came curate of Todmurden, and he and his 
book are mentioned in Watson's " Halifax. 1 ' 
The title is as follow (the words in inverted 
commas being printed with red ink): 

"MERLINUS RUSTICUS 1685." 

Or, a Country 
" ALMANACK," 

yet 

Treating of " Courtly Matters*" and the most 
Sublime Affairs now in Agitation 

throughout the whole World. 
I. Shewing the Beginning, Encrease and Con- 
tinuance of the " Turkish " or " Ottoman " 

Empire. 
II. Predicting the Fate and State of the 

" Roman " and " Turkish Empires/' 

III. Foretelling what Success, the " Grand 

Seignior " shall have in this his War, in which 

he is now engaged against the " German 

Emperour." 

All these are endeavoured to be proved from 

the most probable and indubitable Arguments of 

" History " 

" Theology " 

" Astrology " 



Together with the ordinary Furniture of other 

Almanacks. 

"Being the First after Bissextile or Leap Year" 
By " Henry Krabtree," Curate of Todmurden 

in Lancashire. 
The Fourth Beast was dreadful, &c., &c. (five 

lines) Dan. 7.7.8. 

London, Printed for the Company of Stationers, 
1685. 

My copy is in leather with two brass clasps, 
and a number of blank leaves are bound with it 
for making memoranda. The leave* are six 
inches by four, and the pages are not numbered. 
Sheet A has eight leaves, sheet B has 
eight, thus giving thirty-two pages for the 
proper almanack, and these are followed by 
sheet A), eight leaves or sixteen pages, with 
head-line " Of the Turkish Empire, 1685." These 
last pages are closely printed, having forty-one 
lines each, and the word " Finis " at the end 
shews the book to be complete. 

The page behind the title is 'blank, and the 
next contains the address " To the Reader,'' 
wherein the author says that " The last year 
when I heard that the Turks had closely be- 
sieged Vienna, and a false report was spread 
abroad that they had taken it, I began to write 
an Almanack to acquaint the world that the 
Ottoman Empire is now grown to the full 
height," &c., &c., " but because I begun so late 
it could not be printed, and that was the only 
remora, as I was informed by Mr. Thomas Pill- 
ing living in London (whom I imployed in that 
business) however I thought good to adventure 
once more, and to transcribe my last year's 
Almanack without adding one cu'bit to its sta- 
ture, or altering anything but the Calendar 



6 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



part." This preface is followed by notice of 
the three eclipses of the coming year 1685, and 
of the four quarters. Next a full page is giveu 
on Law Term dates, Hillary, Easter, Trinity 
and Michaelmas, followed by a page giving the 
Kings from Egbert 818 to Charles II., whose 
reign he dates from 1648. What we should call 
the seventh page is filled with A Table of Inter- 
est at Six Pound per cent.; and there are four 
lines that the author may have composed: 
" Those men do well who lend unto the poor, 
Expecting nought of interest for't therefore; 
But he who lends to all, and none denies. 
Doth shew himself more kinder far than wise." 

The double comparative reminds us of Shake- 
speare's double superlative, " Most unkindest 
cut of all." 

Each month occupies two pages at the open- 
ings, the left side giving the usual figures 1 to 
31 (or less), but instead of telling us what day 
each corresponds with, we have a, b, c, D, e, f, 
g, a, b, c, D. Thus we discover that January 
1st was on a Thursday, as the capital D would 
represent the Lord's Day. The third column 
intimates the successive Saint days of the 
church. The fourth column gives the various 
signs of the Zodiac, the ram, the bull, the Heav- 
enly twins, and next the craib the lion shines, 
the virgin and the scales, the scorpion, archer 
and eea-goat, the man that bears the water-pot, 
and fish with glittering tails, with figures in- 
dicating the time when those Heavenly bodies 
were in ascendency. The fifth column gives 
weather prophecies about every fifth day; tem- 
pestuous weather; clearing again; varioiis 
weather and cold blasts. The wary prophet 
does not venture too far; "The year begins 
much like the ending of the last, with snow, 
or eleet and cold. The eleven days that were 
struck out of the calendar in George II.'s time 
would make these days correspond with a year 
beginning with our January 12th. The sixth 
column is headed " Mutual Asp." and the con- 
junctions of stars are indicated by the curious 
signs used by astrologers and astronomers. It 
seems to have been intended as a guide for con- 
jugal relationships. 

On the opposite page (for each month) we 
have five columns: first the days 1 to 31, and 
another column ten days later 11 to 31, then 1 
to 10, which I do not clearly understand un- 
less it represents the rectified calendar. 

The third column of the right-hand page gives 
curious information and remarks that we will 
revert to; whilst columns four and five give 
respectively the time of the sun's rising and 
setting. The curious information on the Janu- 
ary page includes : " The Saxons call this month 
Wolf Monat, because wolves, &c.," "The Latins 
called this month Janus, because, &c." On the 
30th of this month "King Charles I." 'red 
letters) of ever 'blessed memory was by his sub- 



jects [a nest of religious cut-throats] murthered 
before his own palace gate at Whitehall. A 
star in the Great Bear's thigh at 4 a.m. In 
February, if occasion be, you may vomit, purge 
and bleed. 'Tis exceeding good to take a little 
quantity of honey of roses every morning, 3 
hours before dinner, it will comfort the stomack 
and cleanse the whole body. In March we 
find he wrote or cribbaged a distich which shews 
that though a poet he was not a total abstainer 
from intoxicants: 

This month fat mutton's good, old sack no less, 
Always provided you avoid excess. 

In April Abstain from wine and strong drink 
for it more defiles the blood in this month than 
in any other. In the Dog-days, July, he writes: 
" Beware of purging, vomiting and bleeding 
whilst the dog-star ruleth. November The 
best exercise is hunting or tracing hares, but 
be sure that the park or lordship is your own, 
then you need not fear an indictment. He 
finishes December by advising the reader that 
the best physick this month is good meat and 
the strongest drink you can get. 

Further particulars of the reverend author, 
whose name was also spelt Crabtree, will be 
acceptably received. 



II. THE SAVILES. 

The most famous name in Halifax parish, 
particularly in the Elland portion, has been for 
five centuries the family of Sayville, Savile, 
Savel, &c. Probably they came to England 
from Anjou not later' than 1135, and took their 
family name from a place in France called 
Saville, though others think it possible they 
are of the princely family Savelli of Eome, 
sometimes written Sabelli. Before 1200 they 
were a Knightly family near Barnsley, after- 
wards at Tankersley, and intermarried with 
many of the chief West Biding families, in- 
cluding the Halifax Copleys, and were of great 
eminence in Halifax parish before one of them 
married the heiress of Sir John Elland, who 
was murdered on returning from Brighouse 
Manor and Sheriff's Courts about 1330-50. They 
have been somewhat prolific, and in matters 
matrimonial not always in accordance with our 
ideas of legality and chastity. George Savile 
in 1670 was Baron Savile, of Elland, and Vis- 
count Halifax, and Marquis of Halifax in 1682, 
but his son, William, died in 1700, without male 
issue. The present " noble houses," Savile, 
Mex'borough, Scarborough, may be found in the 
peerage books; and many true Savile descend- 
ants are found in West Yorkshire cottages. 
Our concern is with five Halifax authors of 
this name; of two of whom Yorkshire will 
always be specially proud, whose portraits are 
here appended. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



~ 




SIR JOHN, 

Eldest son of Henry Savile, Esquire, who mar- 
ried Ellen Ramsden, was born at Bradley in 
Stainland in 1545, became a great lawyer, and 
was Steward of Wakefield Manor, and as such 
well known by everybody in Bughouse, Ellaud, 
Halifax, &c. He was Baron of the Exchequer in 
1598, Knight in 1603, died in 1606, and was 
buried at St. Dunstan's, Fleet Street, London, 
but his heart was brought to Methley Church. 
Besides assisting Wm. Camden, the great anti- 
quary, he- left legal and historical pieces in 
manuscript, one of which was printed in Lon- 
don in 1675, in old French, a thin folio, edited 
by John Richardson, of the Inner Temple. Its 
title is " Les Reports de divers special crises en 
le Court de Common Bank, come Exchequer 
en le temps de Royne Elizabeth." I have only 
seen the price of one copy mentioned, namely, 
Lowndes, 6s. 

SIR HENRY, brother of Sir John, see next 
Article. 



THOMAS SAVILLE, their brother, was also 
born at Over Bradley in Stainland, died in 
January, 1592, or as we should now call it 1593. 
He wrote " Bpistolae varise ad illustres viros." 
Fifteen of these letters to illustrious men were 
addressed to Camden and are printed in Dr. 
Thomas Smith's " Letters to Camden," London 
1691, quarto. (Quarto was then a small square 
book generally.) There was another THOMAS 
SAVILE whose connection with Halifax I can- 
not trace. He wrote " Raising of them that 
are fallen; a discourse very profitable"; with 
some verses. It is a small quarto, 1606, printed 
by W. Welby, London, and dedicated to the 
Countess of Huntingdon, the Countess of Cum- 
berland, Sir Francis Hastings, and Sir Thomas 
Smith. Three copies are noted at sales, 17s., 
18s., 31s., but these are over forty years ago. 
I have little doubt that the author was a clergy- 
man from Yorkshire, and most likely from Hali- 
fax parish, like the following author who in- 
scribes his work to Master" George Savile, and 
also was a poet, namely JOHN SAVILE who 
wrote "King James his Entertainment at 
Theobalds: with his Welcome to London; to- 
gether with a Salutorie Poeme." This small 
quarto of fourteen pages was printed by Thomas 
Snodham, London, 1603. It is reprinted in 
Nicholas Progresses of King James I., and has 
sold for 70s. and 28s. 

CA.PT. HENRY SAVILE served under Drake 
and Hawkins against the Spaniards in the West 
Indies, and in reply to a letter ! by the Spanish 
General who stated that Drake died of grief 
because of the loss of many barques and men. 
and that the English fleet fled from the Spani- 
ards in 1695, he published " A Libel of Spanish 
Lies found at the Sack of Cales, discoursing 
the fight in the West Indies between the English 
and the Spaniard, and of the death of Sir Fran- 
cis Drake, with an answer confuting the said 
Spanish Lies, &c.," London, John Windet, 1596. 
4to. Wood's "Athena? Oxonienses" mentions 
the book, and copies are in the Bodleian Lib- 
rary and the Grenville Collection. Watson, 
witn great probability, claims the Captain as 
a Halifax man. One of the several Henry Sav- 
ilee that Yorkshire sent to Oxford University 
before 1600, was HENRY SAVILE, of Skircoat, 
Master of Arts, kinsman of the three brothers 
previously mentioned. He wrote several treat- 
ises on Chemistry, Heraldry, Antiquities, and 
was besides well versed in Mathematics, Physic, 
and Painting. He also travelled in Italy, 
France and Germany. He was buried in the 
chancel of St. Martin-le-Fields, London, April, 
1617, aged 49, and a monument, with bust, writ? 
placed on the north wall. His " Antient Exem- 
plar of Asser Menevensis " was printed in Cani- 
den's Remains, 1602. It describes the disputes 
between Grimbald's new Students at Oxford 
and the old ones before King Alfred's restora- 
tion of the University there. From before 1400 
the Saviles were patrons of a chantry at Elland. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 




SIR HENRY SAVILE. 
HI. SAVILES, Continued. 

Sir Henry Savile, as previously mentioned, 
was born at Over Bradley in Stainland, Nov. 
30th, 1549, and entering Merton College, Ox- 
ford, the favourite college for Halifax men, 
especially for Saviles, he procured great repu- 
tation for his skill in Greek and Mathematics. 
He was Proctor in 1575 and 1576. In 1578 he 
travelled on the Continent of Europe, and on 
hia return was appointed Greek tutor to Queen 
Elizabeth. In 1585 he was chosen Warden of 
his College, and in 15% Provost of Eton Col- 
lege. King James knighted him at Windsor 
in 1604. Soon afterwards he lost his only eon, 
and thenceforth devoted all his energies and 
fortune to the advancement of learning. In 
1619 he founded two professorships (geometry 
and astronomy) at Oxford, and endowed them 
liberally. He gave a mathematical library for 
the use of the professors, and endowed the 
same. He gave books, manuscripts and Greek 
type* to the Bodleian Library and the Univer- 
sity press. He was buried at Eton, February, 
1621-2, near his only child, Henry, and there 
is also a monument at Merton College. He 
was probably the ripest scholar of his time. 
The folowing is the complete list of his works 
so far as I can gather : 

(1). " English Translation of part of Taci- 
tus." London: 1581, folio. 

The notes were translated into Latin by Isaac 
Gruter for his Tacitus; Amsterdam : 1649, 
12mo. 



(2). "View of Certain Military Matters; or 
Commentaries concerning Roman Warfare." 
London: 1598, folio. 

Translated into Latin by Freherus; Heidel- 
berg: 1601. 

Freherus' translation was reprinted by 
Gruter as above. 

(3). "Rerum A.nglicarum Scriptores poet 
Bedam pracipui." London: 1596, folio; 1599, 
folio; Frankfort: 1601, folio; sells at 40s. to 
60s. Translations in Bohn's Antiquarian Lib- 
rary. Comprises Malmesbtiry's, Hoveden's,. 
Ethelwerd's, &c., histories. 

(4). " S. Johiannis Chr} r sosto>mi Opera, 
Greece." 8 volumes Eton: 1613; with notes in 
volume 8. This was a magnificent undertaking 
on which he spent many years himself, em- 
ployed many assistants to search foreign libra- 
ries, and expended ,8,000 in producing a thou- 
sand copies. The French Bishops employed 
Fronto Ducseus, a Jesuit, to reprint it at Paris, 
with a Latin translation, at a reduced price. 
Lady Savile stated that if Sir Harry died she 
would burn Chrysostome for killing her hue- 
band upon which Mr. Bois replied, " That 
would be a great pity, for he was one of the 
sweetest preachers since the Apostles' times." 

(5) "Thomee Bradwardini, Archiepiscopi 
olim Cantuariensis de Causa Dei contra Pela- 
gium." Londini: 1618, folio; Sir Henry pre- 
fixed a life of the Archbishop. 

(6). "Nazianzen's Steliteutics," 1610; by- 
favour of the Bodleian Library. 

(7). " Xenophon's Institution of Cyrus," 
Gr.: 1613, 4to. 

(8). Prselectiones tresdecim in principium 
Eilementorum Euclidis, Oxonise habitse." Ox- 
ford: 1621, 4to., two sizes. 

(8). " Oratiio ooram Regina EJLizabetha, 
Oxonise habita," 1592; published by Barlow in 
1658 from the Bodleian MS., 4to., sells at 6s. 6d.; 
and a second edition by John Lamphire 
in Monarchia Britannica, Oxford : 1681. 

(10). Latin Translation of King James I's 
Apology for the Oath of Allegiance. 

(11). 'Six Letters: in Lambecius, Volume 3. 

(12). Four Letters to Camden. Camdeni 
Epistola?. 

(13). One Letter in Volume 4, Strype's 
Annals. 

(14). Two Letters in Watson's Halifax. 

(15). One of the eight at Oxford who trans- 
lated the Gospels, Acts, and Revelations, auth- 
orised version. 

(16). Defensio Fidei Catholicce, 1614, see 
Wood's " Athen." 

(17). Ultima Linea Savilli. Oxon. 1622, 4to., 
8 leaves. 

(18). Manuscripts in Bodleian Library, Ox- 
ford, &c., viz.: Orations; Original of Monas- 
teries; Union of England and Scotland; mar- 
ginal notes in printed books. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



IV. REV. WM. AJNSWOETH. "TRIPLEX 
MEMORIALE." 

Watson's " Halifax " mentions Ainsworth's 
" Triplex Memoriale," but omits his " Marrow 
of the Bible." In " Halifax Families and 
Worthies," 1883, I stat<l I had a copy of the 
latter 'but had never seen the former. Three 
years later I secured the only known complete 
copy of the "Triplex," and reprinted it, with 
:in appendix. I had sought for this book high 
and low for thirty years myself, and came to 
the conclusion that if a single copy had sur- 
vived from Mr. Watson's time no one was 
more likely to have secured one than our great 
Halifax bibliophile, Mr. Jas. Crossley, F.S.A., 
of Manchester. I wrote to the cataloguer of 
his books at Manchester, asking for special 
care in searching for this book but he reported 
that it could not be found. However, at the 
sale of the portion sent to London it was dis- 
covered, and my agent secured this "threepenny 
box" book for over three guineas. The copy 
bears on the title the autograph of "Tho. Lis- 
ter,'" and on the fly-leaf Mr. Crossley had 
written: "This book is of the greatest rarity. 
I have sought for it without success for thirty 
years. The copy came from the Shi'bden Hall 
Sale. J.C., June, 1846." Again he writes: 
"Xo other copy has turned up since I obtained 
this, except a very imperfect one at the Rev. 
Joseph Hunter's sale. It is by far the rarest 
book connected with Halifax. As descended 
maternally from a brother of Nathaniel Wat- 
erhouse, it is to me a very interesting tract. 
Jas. Crossley, May, 1872." Thus, Mr. Cross- 
ley's search extended over fifty-six years. By 
a singular coincidence, the librarian of the 
Congregational Memorial Hall, London, has 
informed me by letter this day (March, 1900), 
that they have an imperfect copy, an'd I think 
this is likely to be the Hunter copy secured 
by Mr. Wilson, of Guildford. Although print- 
ed at York, it is not mentioned in Davies' 
"York Press." Mr. Hunter mentions it in the 
"Gent. Magazine, " 1829, ii, 498. In conse- 
quence of the publicity given to the scarcity 
of this book, another copy was discovered at 
the sale of Miss Steele's library, Blland, Oct., 
1903, and sold for 16e. 

Herewith appears a copy of the title- 
page. As the reprint is literatim, there is less 
need to describe this rarity in detail, but it is 
a book full of interest to all Halifax readers, 
not only as a memorial of Halifax's greatest 
benefactor of ancient times, but on account of 
its quaint language. Yet strange to state when 
I announced the reprint at two shillings, I 
got seven orders (one being from Halifax), and 
three of these wished to purchase the original 
as well for seventy shillings. The original, 
however, has found its way back to one worthy 
of it, Mr. Lister, M.A., Shibden Hall. 



TRIPLEX MEMORIALE: 

or, 

The fubstance of three Commemoration 

Sermons, whereof the Titles are these 

viz. 

I. The Memory of the Just. 

II. A pattern for pious uses. 

III. The fift Beatitude, or, 
The mercifull mans Bleffing. 

Preached at Halifax in remembrance of 

Mr. Xathaneel Waterhouse deceased. 
Whereunto is added an extract out 01 the 

last Will and Testament of the said 

Mr. Nathaneel Waterhouse, containing 

his several Gifts and Donations tor pious 

and charitable uses. 
By William Ainsworth, late Lecturer 

at St. Peters, Chester. 

Cyprian Ser. I de Eleemosyna 

Bona est oratio cum jujunio, & Eleemosyna 

quia Eleemosyna a morte liberat, &c 

YORK, 
Printed by Tho: Broad, 1650. 

Description. Small 8vo. or 12mo., pp. viii. 96. 

Sheets A F, 16 pages each; sheet G. 8 pages. 

The Epistle Dedicatory begins: 
To the right worshipfull Sir John Savile 

Knight, High Sheriffe of the Countie of 

Yorke, the Author wisheth all ueale and 

happinesse. 

The Epistle is followed by an Apologie of tbe 
Author: 

To the reverend Dodecasty of Minister* 

within the Vicaridge of Halifax who are 

ingaged in this Commemoration, especially 

to Mr. Robert Booth, now Minister at Hali 

fax, the Apolagie of the Author. 

In this he mentions his kinship to Mr. Wat 
erhouse, and that the Dodecasty. or twelve 
Ministers had to preach at Halifax Church, in 
rotation, this endowed Monthly Sermon. The 
Lighteliffe curate had his turn in December, 
so Mr. Ainsworth's three sermons were de- 
livered on the first Wednesdays of December, 
1647-8-9. These monthly services, I believe, are 
still rendered. As the titls of the three sei- 
mons have been previously given, we will but 
add that the disasters of the late war and 
schisms are very quaintly alluded to. 

The second and third sermons are precx-ded 
by a dedication : 
To the right worshipfull Langdale Sundeiland 

and William Rookes, junior, Esquires, the 

Author wisheth all happinesse, comprehended 

in the Greek in three words, chairein, ugare-n 

euprottein. 

He here speaks of their friendship to him 
in the days of his underhand fortune. He 
was evidently a royalist, and had grievously 
suffered for it, as did also his patron Cuptiio 
Langdale Sunderland, of Coley Hall. Squire 
Rookes, of Rookes Hall, was not so conspicuous 
in the wars. 



10 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



V BBV. WM. AINSWOETH: "MEDULLA 

BIBUORUM." 
MEDULLA BIBLIORUM. 

THE 

MABROW 

OF THE 

BIBLE. 

OR 

A logico-theological Analysis of every several 
Book of the Holy Scripture together with 

so many English 
Poems, containing the Kephalaia, or Contents of 

every several Chapter in every such Book. 
"Whereunto is added a Chronological (Marginal) 

Annotation of the times and seasons. 
Wherein divers acts and occurrences in the 

Holy Scripture hapned. 

Partly translated out of an "Anonymous" Lat- 
ine Authour, and partly amplified and en- 
larged for the benefit of all those that desire 
a short and plentiful acquaintance with the 
Or&cl of God, very useful for all Christian 

families. 

By William Ainsworth, Philotheologon, la.te 
Lecturer at St. Peters, Chester. 

LONDON, 

Printed for George Calvert, at the Half-Moon, 
in Paul's Church-yard. 1652. 

Description Small 8vo. or 12mo., pp. xiii un- 
numbered, 1 208. Sheet A gives the Title, De- 
dication and Epistle to the Reader. 'Sheets B 
O (excepting J), 16 pages each. Though printed 
in London, it is. little,, if any, superior to the 
York book, as the <border around the title has 
been made up in four different style*. 

Besides my own copy, I know of four others, 
namely: one I got for the late Mr. B. J. Walker, 
"Halifax Guardian"; and I believe the Rev. W. 
<3. Boulter has one; another is in the British 
Museum, and the fourth in the Congregational 
Memorial Hall, London. 
The dedication reads: 

To the Right Worshipful 
SAMUEL SUNDERLAND, 

ESQUIRE: 

W AINSWORTH 

Dedicates this Book, Intituled, 

The Marrow of the Bible, 
Amd wishes all the Comforts 

Contained in it. 
Worthy Sir, 

So much of this small piece as was (originally) 
in Latine was dedicated to no lesse a Personage 
then a Queen, viz. Queen Elizabeth, of blessed 
memory, whereupon I am induced and moved 
to think, that you possibly will not disdain the 
same, with its Additions in English. I am the 
more confident in this particular, upon these 
two (very sufficient) grounds. I. Your bounti- 
ful acceptance of my "Triplex Memorials," 
which being of as little worth as Bulk, was 



not worthy of such acceptance as it found with 
you. 2. The generous and chearful incourage- 
ment . . in the enterprize, &c. 

Sir, Your Hum'ble Servant, never unfaith- 
ful, though always unfortunate, W. Ainsworth. 
Feb. 17, 1651 [1652, present style.] 

From this dedication we learn that Captain 
Langdale Sunderland's uncle Samuel, had pe- 
cuniarily assisted in issuing the "Triplex"; and 
from the Epistle to the Reader we learn that 
Mr. Ainsworth composed the poetry and excuses 
himself for building on the biblical analysis of 
an anonymous Latin pamphlet, a small Enchiri- 
dion. Dated August 8, 1651, from the least of 
all God's Ministers. 

Each Book of the Old and New Testaments is 
treated in two ways, (a) a synopsis or analysis, 
very briefly condensed; and (b), a Poeme con- 
taining the contents of each Book. From two 
to four lines of rhyme condense the topics of a 
chapter. The story of Sampson is slightly more 
elaborate, thus: 
Judge*. 

13 The Philistines again oppresse the land, 
Till th' Angel Manoah gives t' understand 
Some comfort, he returns a sacrifice, 
And Sampson's born anon to victories. 

14 Sampson doth marry a Philistian maid, 
Against them by this match his plot is laid, 
He riddles at his Nuptials for his life 
None can resolve his riddles, 'hut his wife 
With whom they deal and solve them, but 

their pay 
Cost thirty of their brethren's lives that day. 

15 His wife's deny'd him, he takes that in 

scorne, 

And with fir'd Foxes doth destroy the Come, 
With th* Asses Jawibone he doth kill outright 
A thousand, divers times he shows his might. 

16 Carries the gates of Gaza, had a wife 
Called Delilah, and she did eeek his life, 
Betray'd him, when she could a fit way finde, 
To th* Philistines, whose malice made him 

blinde, 

Amd made a Millne-horse of him, till he dy'd, 
Though in his death the Lord his strength 

supply'd. 

After Colossians, the heavy-sounding "Logico- 
Theological Analysis" gives place to the simpler 
title "A Short Analysis" at the head of each 
succeeding book. The poem on Jude is knocked 
off in two lines: 

Jude doth foretel false teachers, and their fall, 
And of their fall and teaching forewarnes all. 
In Bohn's edition of Lowndes' Bibliographer's 
Manual, the Marrow alone is mentioned, and 
the Nassau copy is there given as selling for 
seventeen shillings. It fetches more now. The 
"Gent. Magazine" for 1827 (i. 99) and 1829 (ii. 290) 
describe the book. A biography of Ainsworth 
has yet to be written, and what is known re- 
specting him may (be found in the reprint of 
his "Triplex," 1886. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



11 



VI. ARCHBISHOP TILLOTSON. 

During recent vears several fraternal soc- 
ieties have been established by Yorkshiremen 
in London, Edinburgh, New Zealand, South 

Africa, &c. That this is no modern idea will 
be Been from the following narrative. The 
Yorkshiremen in London in 1678, imitating the 
natives of other counties resident in the Met- 
ropolis, established a Yorkshire feast, and a 
notable Yoikshire clergyman was invited to 
preach a sermon on the same day. They are 
called yearly feasts, and the sermon was preach- 
ed in Bow Church. Dr. John Tillotson, the 
greatest preacher of his day, very appropriately 
was selected for the first occasion. Dr. John 
Sharpe, a Bradford man, afterwards Arch- 
bishop of York preached the second sermon on 
February 17th, 1680; Dr. George Hickes, King's 
Chaplain, officiated in June, 1682, and Dr. Thos. 
Cartwright, afterwards Bishop of Chester, 
preached on June 24th, 1684. I have copies of 
-all these very rare sermons, small quarto, and 
I believe no other sermons, have been printed; 
though the feaet is called a yearly one. Dr. 
Hickes' sermon is not called the third so there 
may have been others preached, b\it not print- 
ed, in 1681 and 1683. 

A 

SERMON 

Preached at the First 
GENERAL MEETING 

of the 
GENTLEMEN, and others in 

and near LONDON, 
Who were Born within the 

COUNTY of YORK. 
In the Church of S. Mary-le-Bow, 

Decemb. 3. 1678. 

By JOHN TILLOTSON, D.D. Dean of Can- 
terbury, and Chaplain in Ordinary to 
His Majesty. 

LONDON, 

Printed for Brabazon Aylmer, at the three 
Pigeons over against the Royal Exchange in 
Cornhill : And William Rogers, at the Maiden 
head over against S. Dunstan's Church in 
Fleet-street. 1679. 



The Epistle Dedicatory. 

To my Honoured 
FRIENDS and COUNTRYMEN. 
Mr. Hugh Frankland Mr. Gerva< WilcockeB, 



Leonard Robinson, 
Abraham Fothergill, 
William Fairfax, 
Thomas Johnson, 
John Hardesty, 



George Pickering, 
Edward Duffeild, 
John Topham, 
Jam. Longbotham, 
Nathan Holroyd, 



Stewards of the York-shire Feast. 



GENTLEMEN, 

THIS SERMON, which was first Preached, and 
is now published at your desires, I dedicate 
to your Names, to whose prudence and care the 
direction and management of this First general 
Meeting of our Country-men was committed : 
Heartily wishing that it may be some way 
serviceable to the heaJinjg of our unhappy 
Differences, and the restoring of Unity and 
Charity among Christians, especially those of 
the Protestant Reform'd Religion. 
Gentlemen, I am 

Your affectionate Country-man 
and humble Servant, 

Jo, Tilloteott. 

A 

SERMON 
Preached 

At the first general Meeting of the Gentlemen, 

and others, in and near London, who were 

born within the County of York. 

John 13, 34-35. "A new commandment I give 
unto you, that ye love one another; as I have 
loved you, that ye also love one another: By 
this shall all men know that ye are my dis- 
ciples, if ye love one another. 
AS the Christian Religion in general is the 
best Philosophy and the most perfect Instit- 
ution of Life; containing in it the most entire 
and compleat System of moral Rules and Pre- 
cepta that was ever yet extant in the World : 
so it peculiarly excells in the Doctrine of Love 

and Charity; 

Thirdly I shall conclude all with a few words 
in relation to the occasion of this present 
meeting. I have all this while been recom- 
mending to you, from the Authority and Ex- 
ample of our Blessed Saviour, and from the 
nature and reason, of the thing itself, this most 
excellent Grace and Vertue of Charity, in the 
most proper Acts and Instances of it: But be- 
sides particular Acts of Charity to be exercised 
upon emergent occasions, these are likewise 
charitable Customs which are highly commend- 
able, because they are more certain and con- 
stant, of a larger extent, and of a longer con- 
tinuance : As the meeting of the Sons of the 
Clergy, which is now form'd and establi&h'd 
into a charitable Corporation : And the Anni- 
versary Meetings of those of the several coun- 
ties of England, who reside, or happen to be 
in London; for two of the best and nobleet 
ends that can be, the maintaining of Friend- 
ship, and the promoting of Charity. These, 
and others of the like kind, I call charitable 
Customs, which of late years have very much 
obtained in this great and famous City. And 
it cannot but be a great pleasure and satisfac- 
tion, to all good men, to see so generoiis, so 
humane, so Christian a disposition to prevail 
and reign so much amongst us. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



D r JoHN 

late ^trck^B^llfrp 




HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



13 



And who, that loves God and Religion, can 
ohuse but take great contentment to see so 
general and forward an inclination in People 
this way? Which hath been very ranch cher- 
ished of late years by this sort of meetings: 
and that to very good purpose and effect, in 
many charitable contributions disbursed in the 
best and wisest ways: And which likewise have 
tended very much to the reconciling of the 
minds of men, and the allaying of those fierce 
heats and animosities which have been caused 
by our Civil confusions, and Religious distrac- 
tions. For there is nothing many times want- 
ing to take away prejudice, and to extinguish 
hatred and ill-will, but an opportunity for men 
to see and understand one another; by which 
they will quickly perceive, that they are not 
such Monsters as they have been represented 
one to another at a distance. 

We are, I think, one of the last Counties of 
England that have entered into this friendly 
and charitable Society; Let us make amends 
for our late setting out by quickening our pace, 
that so we may overtake and outstrip those 
who are gone before us: Let not our Charity 
partake of the coldness of our Climate, but let 
us endeavour that it may be equal to the ex- 
tent of OUT Country; and as we are incompar- 
ably the greatest County of England, let it ap- 
pear that we are so, <by the largeness and extent 
of our Charity. 



in clogs as tradition says, was insulted by one 
of the servants for enquiring if John Tillotson 
waa at home. The Archbishop died at Lam- 
beth, November 22, 1694. Monuments have 
been erected to his memory at Sowerby and 
Halifax. 



Thifi Sermon is printed in small quarto : Title 
on page i; Dedication, pages iii, iv; Sermon, 
pages 1-82; Prayer, page 33; Advertisement tf 
Dr. Barrow's "Treatise of the Pope's Suprem- 
acy" on page 34; page 35, blank; last page 
Imprimatus, Guil. Jane R. P. D. Hen. Bpisc. 
Lond. a sacris domest. February 25, 1678-9. 
The running title reads: A Sermon preached 
at the York-shire Feast. 

Dr. Tillotson's Works have been frequently 
re-printed, and his Memoirs have been 
published by Birch and others. He was 
the son of Robert Tillotson. of Haugh End in 
Sowerby, and was baptised at Halifax, October 
3, 1630. His father was a leading Puritan un- 
der the ministries of the Rev. Henry Root and 
Rev. Oliver Heywood, and was a manufacturer 
and farmer in a small way. 

The future Archbishop married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Dr. Peter French, Canon of Christ 
Church, Oxford, and had an only child Mary 
who married James Chadwiok, Esq. Dr. Tillot- 
son was under the tutorship of the celebrated 
Puritan, the Rev. David Clarkson, a native of 
Bradford. It is commonly said that Robert 
Tillotson made a journey to London to see his 
son, then Dean of Canterbury, and being in a 
plain countryman's dress, though probably not 



VII. TILLOTSON, Continued. 

In this article we propose to treat of the 
various "Lives" of the famous Archbishop. 
Though his father was a member of Mr. Root's 
Independent Church at Sowerby, and after- 
wards of Mr. Heywood's Presbyterian Church 
at Northowram, the son became the leading 
churchman of the Establishment in England, 
and indeed was largely the means of its ortho- 
dox restoration. He had been fitted also by 
tuition under the celebrated puritan, David 
Clarkson, B.D., a native of Bradford. His 
family and tutorial training had prepared him 
to guide ecclesiastical affairs with moderation, 
and his eloquence was the salvation of the art 
of preaching when pulpit oratory in the pulpits 
of the Establishment was at a very low ebb. 

The first memoir that I know of appeared iu 
two forms in 1717, as under : 

(a) "The Life of the Most Reverend Father 
in God, John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury (compiled from the minutes of the Rev. 
Mr. Young, late Dean of Salisbury), by F.H., 
M.A., with many curious memoirs communi- 
cated by the late Right Reverend Gilbert (Bur- 
net), Lord Bishop of Sarum." This was pub- 
lished by E. Curll, London, 1717, with portrait, 
in folio size. 

(b) Also on the same date and by the same 
publisher, with portrait, 8vo. size, as under: 

The Life of the Most Reverend Father in 
God John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. Compiled from the minutes of the 
Reverend Mr. Young, late Dean of Salisbury. 
By F. H., M.A., with many curious Memoirs 
communicated by the late Right Reverend Gil- 
bert, Lord Bishop of Sarum. London, 1717. 
Price 3s. 6d., octavo. The frontispiece gives 
the fine half-length portrait by White, oppo- 
site to which is the title, with a blank page 
behind. Pages iii.-iv. have the preface; v.-viii. 
th contents. The Life runs from 1 to 147; 
page 139 contains an engraving of the marble 
monument, with bust, arms, &c., erected in 
St. Lawrence Jewry to the memory of the Arch- 
bishop. The "Life" is followed by some Cor- 
rections and Additions, pages ii.-vi.; and "De- 
fence" by Mons. Le Clerc, 1-66. 

The best known "Life" is that by the Rev. 
Thomas Birch, which was issued separately, as 
well as forming one volume of the "Life and 
Works." 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



"The Life of the Most Reverend Dr. John 
Tillotson, Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, com- 
piled chiefly from his Original Papers and 
Letters. By Thomas Birch, M.A., Rector of 
the United Parishes of St. Margaret Pattens 
and St. Gabriel Fenchurch, and Secretary to 
the Royal Society." London, printed for Ton- 
son, &c., 1752. This is 8vo. size. The page be- 
hind the title is blank; pages iii. to vii. con- 
tain the dedication to Thomas, Lord Archbishop 
of Canterbury, in which the author mentions a 
manuscript in Lambeth Library, written by 
Dr. Tillotson, in short-hand characters largely. 
Page viii is devoted to additions and corrections 
The "Life" begins with page 1 a.nd continues 
to 395. The appendix number 1, pages 396-435, 
gives Memorials of John Beardmore, M.A., 
written for his private satisfaction on the death 
of the Archbishop. Number 2, pages 435-441, 
records a notice of John Denton, who was eject- 
ed from Oswaldkirk in 1662, and Mr. Nathan 
Denton, who was ejected from Bolton upon 
Derwent. Number 3, (442-450), hag remarks on 
the sermons, by John Jorton, M.A. Pages 451- 
498 contain a sermon preached at the Morning 
Exercise at Cripplegate, Sept. 1661, now first 
added to Tillotson's works. The next fifteen 
pages give the index of chief persons mentioned. 
Lowndes prices the book at 5s. (forty year ago), 
and large paper copies at 22s. and 40s. Besides 
the first edition I have three copies of the 
second, which he priced at 26s., and this is the 
edition mentioned in Watson's "Halifax." The 
title- page is exactly like the First edition, with 
one line extra "The Second Edition, corrected 
and enlarged," and the date 1753. The cor- 
rections on page viii. are left out. The "Life" 
fills pages 1-380; Appendix No. 1, 381-415; No. 
2, 416-425; No. 3, 426-433; Sermon, 435-469; 
Index sixteen pages; errata, 1 page; advertise- 
ment of the ""Works; 3 vols. folio, with the 
Author's Head engraved by Ravenet." 

One of my second edition copies contains an 
extra sixteen pages (1-16) between the "Dedica- 
tion" and the "Life" ; and this sheet is headed 
"Additions in the Second Edition of the Life of 
Archbishop Tillotson," and in the 1753 edition 
the 2nd appendix relating to Dentons is left out 
and placed on page 11 as a foot-note. As will 
be noticed afterwards there was published in 
1755, an octavo volume entitled "Remarks \\pon 
Birch's life of Tillotson." Every biographical 
dictionary from the Biographia Britannica to 
the National work just completed contains out- 
lines of Dr. Tillotson's Life, and Watson's 
"Halifax" gives a letter not found elsewhere. 
In York Minster Library there are quarto 
copies of the House of Commons Sermon, Nov., 
1678; Sermon before the King, April, 1680; 
Thanksgiving, Jan., 1688-9; before the Queen. 
March, 1690; also Oct., 1692; Feb., 1693-4; and 
the Sermons, octavo, 1673; Gouge's Funeral, 
1682; Frequent Communion, 1688. 



VIII. TILLOTSON (Continued). 
THE WORKS 

of the 
MOST REVEREND DR. JOHN TILLOTSON, 

late 

LORD ARCH1SHOP OF CANTERBURY: 

Containing Fifty-four Sermons and Discourses, 

on several occasions; 

Together with 
The Rule of Faith, 

being 

All that were published by his Grace Himself; 
And was collected into One Volume to which 

is added 
An Alphabetical Table of the Principal Matters. 

London : 

Printed for B. Aylmer, at the Three Pigeons 
against the Royal Exchange in Cornhill. And 
W. Rogers, at the Sun against St. Dunstan' 
Church in Fleet Street. MDCXCVI. 

Though very inconvenient there is something 
imposing and satisfying in handling a portly 
folio tome. It is not much in the fashion now- 
a-days. I got my copy from my friend Abraham 
Holroyd, and the following is its description: 
For frontispiece there is a beautifully engraved 
portrait of the Archbishop in gown, tie and 
flowing wig, with a full-fleshed face a marked 
expression in mouth, nose and eyes. It is 
surrounded by oval wreath, surmounted by a 
cherub, and at the base are the crown, and a 
shield of arms, Canterbury impaling Tillotson 
(blue, chevron and two sheaves). Maria 
Beal, pinx. and P. Vanderbank, sculp. After 
the title is a blank page, and this is followed 
by the dedication on one page, to the Worship- 
ful the Masters of the Bench and the rest of 
the members of the Honourable Society of 
Lincolns-Inn, signed Your most obliged and 
faithful servant John Tillotson. The fourth 
page is blank, and the Preface occupies the 
next fourteen pages. The next four pages give 
the texts for the LIV Sermons, and the Ser- 
mons fill pages 1-664. Not a few of the greatest 
FJnglish writers and orators have expressed 
their obligation to these Sermons for their 
attainments in ready fluency by mouth as well 
as pen, and the Sermons have also been preach- 
ed by divines of later date. Sermon 19 was 
preached before the House of Commons, Nov. 
5th, 1678, in remembrance, of course, of Guy 
Fawkes' plot. Sermon 20 is the one preached 
at the First General Meeting of the Gentlemen 
and Others born within the County of York. 
The 21st was preached at Whitehall, April, 
1679. Sermon 22 was preached at the Assizes 
held at Kingston-upon-Thames, July, 1681, and 
dedicated to his friend the High Sheriff of 
Surrey. The 23rd was a funeral sermon with 
brief memoir of Rev. Thomas Gouge a Welsh 
Bible benefactor. Sermon 24 was delivered at 
the funeral of the Rev. Dr. Whichcot. Besides 
sermons preached before the King, there in one 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



15 



on the Ten Virgins preached at Tunbridge 
Wells, September 1688, before the Princess Ann 
of Denmark; and a thanksgiving sermon for 
our Deliverance by the Prince of Orange, Jan. 
31. 1688-9. The next one is on Forgiveness of 
Injuries, pivarlird l>et'on> the Qtieon at White- 
hall, March, 1688-9, and next month another 
at Hampton Court before the King and Queen. 
There are several other Sermons, preached be- 
fore the Queen particularly; these are followed 
by a series preached in 'St. Lawrence Jewry 
in 1679-80 on the Divinity of Christ, which 
had meantime aroused various criticisms. Ser- 
mon 49 has a special sub-title and preface, 
preached at St. Lawrence Jewry in 1684. It is 
entitled Steadfastness in Religion. Sermon 50, 
on Family Religion, and 51 to 54 on the Edu- 
cation of Children have always been highly 
appreciated; indeed, they will bear re-printing 
at the present time, not less for their valuable 
advice than for their beautiful flow of language. 
Pages 665 to 779 give his famous treatise of 
the Rule of Faith (in four parts), introduced 
by a separate title-page as follows: 

THE RULE OF FAITH, 

or an 
ANSWER TO THE TREATISE OF MR, I.S., 

entitled 

SURE-FOOTING, &c. 
By His Grace John, late Lord Archbishop of 

Canterbury. 

The Fourth Edition. 

London: Printed by J.R. for Brabazon Aylmer 

at the Three Pigeons, &c., 1695. 
This work was dated from Lincolns Inn, 

February, 1665-6. 

After page 780, which is blank, there is the 
Table of Chief Matters, twenty pages, u'lnum- 
bered. 

I have the third edition of the Rule of 
Faith: The Rule of Faith, or an Answer to 
the Treatise of Mr. I.S., entitled "Sure Foot- 
ing," by John Tilloteon, D.D., Dean of Canter- 
bury, to which is adjoyiied a Reply to Mr. 
I.S., his third Appendix, &c., by Edw. Stilling- 
fleet, D.D. The third edition, London, Braba- 
zon Aylmer, 168; octavo. Before the title is 
a fly-leaf bearing the imprimatur, Feb. 1666; 
page behind the title is blank; next follow 
two pages of ascription to Dr. Stillingfleet. 
"The Rule of Faith"! to 271. Dr. Stilling- 
fleet's Reply beai* a separate title-page, Lon- 
don, Henry Mortlock, 1688, pages 1-91, and a 
postscript of four unnumbered pages. 

Though not Tillotison's, I may mention a 
book that I have bearing on his works, namely, 
Reason again.st Raillery, or A Full Answer to 
Dr. Tillotson's Preface against J.S.. with a 
faither examination. A.D. 1672. There is no 
printer's name, or place, to this small octavo 
volume. The page after the title is blank, 
followed by four unnumbered pages devoted to 



the Advertisement, forty to the Preface, and 
two to the Index. The treatise fills pages 1 tc 
246, with pages 89 to 96 duplicated; and con- 
cludes with eleven unnumbered pages, Mgn. 1 
by .T.S. (supposed to be J. Sergeant). 

There have also been folio editions of Dr. 
Tillotson's Works as under: 

1699, one volume folio. 

1707, one volume folio. 

1712. 

1714, three volumes folio. 

1717, three volumes folio. 

1722, three volumes folio. 

1752, three volumes folio, with life of the 
Author by Thos. Birch, and portrait by Rave- 
net. I have none of these seven editions at 
hand. The last is considered the best, and form- 
erly sold for 52s. to JM. It is in the York 
Minster Library. 



IX. TILLOTSON, Continued. 

The octavo editions of Archbishop TilloUon's 
works do not seem to have^ been so numerous 
as the folio ones, and I have to quote from 
Lowndes respecting the first octavo issue. Vol. 
I., dated 1671; Vol. II., 1678; Vol. III., 1682; 
Vol. IV., 1694; &c. to Vol. XIV., small 8vo. 
I have the First Volume, published from the ori- 
ginals by Ralph Barker, D.D., Chaplain to hie 
Grace; second edition corrected. London, R. 
Chiswell, 1698. It is dedicated to King William 
by Elizabeth Tillotson, the Author's Relict, 
and niece of Oliver Cromwell. The preface is 
dated "Lambeth, April, 1695; Ra. Barker." 

Of Sincerity and Constancy in the Faith and 
Profession of the True Religion, in several 
sermons by the Most Reverend Dr. John Tilli'- 
son (being the First Volume published 1\\ 
Ralph Barker, D.D.) 2nd edition, corrected. 
London, R. Chiswell, 1698. Octavo. Page ii., 
imprimatur 1694-5; page iii., dedication to King 
William, signed Elizabeth Tilloteon; page iv.. 
blank; Preface eight pages, contents five pagr-=. 
Sermons, sixteen, but the ninth was cancelln! 
(pages 271-6). After pages 1-473 are three pae > 
of Chiswell's advertisements announcing (inter 
alia) Archbishop Temson's "Sermon at the 
Funeral of Archbishop Tillotson." 

The 14th vol. was not issued until 1704. Tht 
next octavo edition that I have met with was 
dated 1704 and extended to fourteen volumee. 
It formerly sold at 21s. 

I have a set of the next octavo edition, twelve 
volumes, asunder: Vol. I. Sermons on Several 
Subjects and Occasions, by the most Reverend 
Dr. John Tillotson, late Lord Archbishop of 
Canterbury. London, Ware, Ward, &c., 1742. 
Frontispiece a portrait of the author. 1694. 
aged 64, Sir Godf. Kneller, pinx., G. Van de 
Gncht, sculp., in a plain oval. Sermons 1-19. 
pages 1-454. 



16 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Vol. IT., 1742; Sermons 20-34, pages 1-445; 
this includes the Yorkshire Feast Sermon. 

Vol. III., 1742; Sermons 36-50, pages 1-440. 

Vol. IV., 1742; Sermons 51-58, and The Rule 
of Faith; pages 447-881. The publisher un- 
accountably continues the pagination from the 
third voulme, ignoring the first two volumes. 

Vol. V., 1743; Sermons 59-84, pages 887-1348. 

Vol. VI., 1742; Sermons 85-110, pages 1351- 
1808. 

Vol. VII., 1743; Sermons 111-130; pages 1815- 
2287. 

Vol. VIII., 1743; Sermons 131-156, pages 2289- 
3759. 

Vol. IX., 1743; Sermons 157-182, pages 3761- 
4222. 

Vol. 'X., 1743; Sermons 183-207, pages 4225- 
4707. 

Vol. XI., 1744; Sermons 208-237, pages 4709- 
5180. 

Vol. XII., missing. 

An Edinburgh edition was issued in 1748 in 
twelve volumes. I have this edition: 

The Works of the Most Reverend Dr. John 
Tillotson, in twelve volumes, London, Tonson, 
&c., 1748; five inches by three; a pocket edi- 
tion. Vol.' I., frontispiece portrait by Nixon; 
general title-leaf, title-leaf for Vol. I., pages 
xxiv., 354. 

Vol. II. 347 pages. Vol. VII. 391 pages. 

Vol. III., 346 pages. Vol. VIII., 392 pages. 

Vol. IV., 336 pages. Vol. IX., 371 pages. 

Vol. V. 383 pages. Vol. X., 381 pages. 

Vol. VI., 393 pages. Vol. XT., 895 pages. 

Vol. XII. , 268 and 144 unnumbered pages. 

In 1757 another London octavo edition, with 
portrait, was issued in twelve volumes; and in 
1760 the Edinburgh 12mo., in ten volumes, was 
published. 

The Works of the Most Reverend Dr. John 
Tillotson, in ten volumes. Edinburgh, 1759- 
1760. Small octavo. 

Vol. L, pages XXVIII., 372 (date (1760). 

Vol. II. , pages IV., 408 (date 1760). 

Vol. III., pages IV., 416 (date 1760). 
Vol. IV. 

Vol. V., pages V., 447 (date 1759). 

Vol. VI., pages V., 458 (date 1759). 

Vol. VII., pages IV., 412 (date 1759). 

Vol. VIII., pages IV., 439 (date 1759). 

Vol. IX., pages IV., 418 (date 1759). 

Vol. X., pages IV., 312, and an unnumbered 
index of 95 pages (date 1759). 

Lastly (to the best of my know- 
ledge) Priestley, of London, issued an octavo 
edition, with Birch's "Life," ten volumes, with 
copious index. Indicating the great store set 
upon these various editions in the sermon- 
reading age before Victoria's reign, it may be 
stated that sets were sold by auction at from 
20s. to 50s. 



The original editions of the Archbishop's 
small quarto sermons are excessively rare. "On 
the Wisdom of being Religious" was first issued 
in 1664. "The Protestant Religion Vindicated" 
was published in 1680. In it he argued that 
the National Religion was not to be opposed, 
a proposition that his father never anticipated. 
Though strongly opposed to Popery, he was 
moderate towards Dissenters. "The Rule of 
Faith, or an Answer to the Treatise of Mr. I.S. 
(Sergeant)," entitled "Sure Footing." London, 
1666, 8vo. The 1676 edition is in York Minster 
Library, 8vo. ; the third edition was issued in 
1688, 8vo. 

I have n large paper copy, 8vo., own- 
^d by Dr. Bliss, of "Maxima and Discourses, 
Moral and Divine" : taken from the Works of 
Archbishop Tillotson, and Methodised and con- 
nected. London, J. Tonson, 1719. It is dedi- 
cated to Cassandra, Countess of Carnarvon, by 
Lawrence Echard, who also signs the Preface. 
Pages xv., 1-112. I have also a copy of the 
following book which gives more extracts than 
Archdeacon Echard's work : "The Beauties of 
the Most Reverend Dr. John Tillotson, late 
Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, carefully se- 
lected from his Works, containing the admir- 
able system of Early Education, Thoughts on 
Religion, Atheism and Infidelity, Immorality 
of the Soul, &o., &a." Dublin, Wm. Gilbert, 
1794. 8vo., pages xviii., 1-316. 

Dr. Thomas Tenison, who succeeded as Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, printed his Sermon at 
the Funeral of Archbishop Tillotson, 1694; and 
Dr. John Williams published a Vindication of 
the "Divinity" Sermons, 1695. The first Ser- 
mon ffiat was printed of Dr. Tillotson's was 
published by Dr. Samuel Annesley, in London, 
4to., 1661, in the Tenth "Morning Exercise at 
Cripplegate." In the fourth edition, 1677, Til- 
lotson's name is given as preacher. Though it 
had been more than once published separately 
it was not included in his Works before 1752. 
In 1680 Tillotson published Dr. Barrow's "Trea- 
tise of the Pope's Supremacy," 4to., and in 
1675 had issued Bishop Wilkins' "Principles of 
Natural Religion," 8vo. He also subsequently 
published the sermons of Wilkins and Barrow, 
1682, 1683. The 'Sermon preached before the 
King in 1680 was issued in quarto at the King's 
command, and was severely criticised on some 
points. His "Discourse against Transubstanti- 
ation," fourth edition, 1685; "Thanksgiving 
Sermon," Jan., 1688-9; "Etternity of Hell Tor- 
ments," 1690; "Divinity Sermons," 1698, and 
other publications are mentioned in Birch's 
"Life." 

Of publications issued against Tillotson, or 
controverting his sermons, we can only mention 
those by John Austen, and Cornelius Nary 
(alias N.C.), and "Charge of Socinianism," 
quarto, Edinburgh, 1695. A copy is in York 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



17 



Minster Library, and also a "Reply to the 
Charge," London, 1685, quarto. Atterbury 
Vindicated the "Popery Sermon," Barbeyrac 
translated the Sermons into French, Beausobre 
(1728); and IXAlbiac (1706), translated others 
into French. The earlier sermons were also 
published in Low Dutch and in 1694 in High 
Dutch. 

Nahum Tate and Samuel Wesley published 
poems on the death of Dr. Tillotson, and 
Bishop Burnet preached his funeral sermon. 



In 1748 he had become a B.D. Though holding 
the incumbency of Elland until 1762, he ic 
signed Halifax School in March, 1753, and be> 
came a tutor at Cambridge, being created D.D. 
four months later. The Duke of Newcastle 
gave him the vicarage of Damerham in Wilt- 
shire, which in 1766 he exchanged for Stan*- 
field Rector.v, Suffolk, which he held wih the 
rectory of Lawford in Essex, besides hia Wo d 
wardian Professorship, to which he had open 
appointed in 1764. These thre-j emoluments he 
held until his death in March, 1778. He waft 




X. REV. SAMUEL OGDEN, D.D. 

Dr. Ogden was a native of Manchester, where 
he was born in July, 1716. There was a monu- 
ment in the Cathedral to his parents, his 
father, Thomas, dying in 1766, aged 75. Samuf-i 
was educated at Cambridge, and was ordained 
a deacon at Chester in 1740, and in 1741, havn.^ 
taken the M.A. degree, a priest at Bugden ir. 
Huntingdonshire. In 1744 he became Mastoi 
of Halifax Grammar School, and was appointed 
curate (or incumbent aa we should say) of (Jo'ty 
which he relinquished in 1747 for Elland Church 



buried at St. Sepulchre's, Cambridge. In 
1758 be published two sermons preached before 
the University. Dr. Halifax, who edited his 
works, says there was a rusticity in his ad- 
dresses that disgusted strangers, and notwith- 
standing the sternness and even ferocity of his 
countenance, he was a most humane and tender 
hearted man. Gilbert Wakefield's eulogy on 
these sermons is given in Williams' "Christian 
Preacher," and is worth repeating "Like Cice- 
ro he lacks nothing to complete his meaning; 
like Demosthenes he can Buffer no deduction." 
Dr. Johnson said that he fought infidels with 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



their own weapons. There was a London edi- 
tion of the collected sermons in two volumes, 
1786, and a fourth edition in two volumes, 8vo., 
1788, and a fifth edition London, 1805. These 
various editions have sold at 12s. to <!, at 
former sales, before sermons became a drug in 
the market. 

A smart poem on Dr. Ogden is often quoted : 
"He placed in critics no reliance, 
So clothed his thoughts in Arabic 
And bade them all defiance." 

The second edition of the Sermons consists 
of two volumes, small octavo, as under: 

"Sermons I. On the Efficacy of Prayer and 
Intercession. II. On the Airticles of Christian 
Faith. IH. On the Ten Commandments, to 
which are now added Sermons: IV. On the 
Lord's Supper; in two volumes, by Sanniel 
Ogden, D.D., &c., with account of the Author's 
Life, and Vindication of his Writings. Second 
edition, Cambridge, 1780. Vol. I., pages xxviii., 
1-332. Vol. II., pages xii., 1-376; a total of 
fifty-two sermons. 



XL SAMUEL MIDGLEY. 



HALIFAX 

and its 

GIBBET LAW 
Placed in a True Light. 

Together 

With a Description of the Town; the Nature 
of the Soil; the Temper and Disposition of the 
People; the Antiquity of its Customary Law, 
and the reasonableness thereof: With an 
Account of the Gentry, and other Eminent 
Persons Born and Inhabited within the said 
Town, and the Liberties thereof : With many 
other Matters and Things of great Remark 
never before Published. 

To which are added, 

The Unparallel'd Tragedies committed by Sir 
John Eland, of Eland, and his Grand Antag- 
onists. 

London, Printed by J. How, for William 
Bentley at Halifax, in Yorkshire, 1708. 

Such is the title of the first history of Halifax 
generally called the Gibbet Book. My copy 
measures nearly six inches by three and a 
half. It has for a frontispiece a drawing of 
the gibbet by J. Hoyle, delin., J. Harsden, 
sculp., and opposite the picture is the title 
page copied above. In the back-ground of the 
picture the beacon is shewn on Beacon Hill, 
and a house on the top of Range Bank. At 
the foot of Beacon Hill the church tower is 
raised a great height above the shops and 
houses. I have four other views of the gibbet 
differing in some respects from Hoyle's. The 
page behind the title is blank. The next two 
pages contain the dedication "To the Most 



Noble and Mighty Prince, Thomas, Duke of 
Leeds, &c., &c-, by the humblest of Your 
Graces Servants, William Bentley. The next 
two pages give the preface, and the first chap- 
ter begins with page 1, containing an intro- 
ductory description. This chapter was prob- 
abily written by Bentley, and could not have 
'een written by Midgley, as it refers to events 
down to 1705. Chapter II. records the Gibbet 
Law (pages 19-54), and Chapter III. (55-69), 
states the manner of trial in 1650. Chapter 
IV. (70-105) gives notices of the gentry, 
worthies, and a list of Vicars. Pages 106 and 
108 are blank; page 107 has the second title 
a,-> under : 

Revenge upon Revenge : 

or an 
Historical Narrative 

of the 
Tragical Practices 

of 

Sir John Eland, of Bland, 

High-Sheriff of the County of York; Com- 
mitted upon the Persons of Sir Robert Beau- 
mont and his Alliances in the Reign of Edward 
the Third, King of England, &c. 

Together 

With an Account of the Revenge which Adam, 
the son of Sir Robert Beaumont, and his 
Accomplices took upon the Persons of Sir John 
Eland, and his posterity, herein fully, and 
plainly, as well as impartially represented 
for the satisfaction of the Inquisitive Part of 
the World. 

The whole being divided into three equal 
Parts. Printed in the Year 1708. 

The prose narrative runs from 109 to 153, 
and the rest of the book (154-174) gives the 
Account of William Lockwood and Adam 
Beaumont, Esqs. It will be noticed that the 
ballad account does not appear in this book. 

I need not state that the volume is exces- 
sively rare, and the only copy I have noticed 
as on sale was priced at A. I have a letter 
before me that I received in January, 1887, 
from the great book collector, Mr. Edward 
Hailstone, F.S.A., of Walton Hall, in which 
he says "It may interest you to know that the 
original MS. of the Gibbet Law of Halifax is 
here." It is to be hoped that this manuscript 
was sent to York Minster Library with c he 
rest of the Hailstone bequest, but Canon Raine 
told me lie had not received (by a large number) 
the books that were intended to be deposited 
at York. A sight of this manuscript might 
help us to see how far Bentley made addi- 
tions to the original, which has always been 
attributed to Samuel Midgley, son of William 
Midgley, of Luddenden. The father died in 
August, 1695, aged 81, and the son who prac- 
tised physic died the preceding month, namely, 
July 18th, 1695, a prisoner for debt in Halifax 
gaol. He had been a prisoner for debt in York 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



19 



Castle, 1685, when Oliver Heywood was incar- 
cerated for preaching, and Midgley waB thrice 
in Halifax gaol as a debtor. Whilst in prison 
he wrote the Gibbet Law Book, and Mr. \\-.\\- 
*on, 130 years ago, states that Mitlgley's pov- 
erty prevented him printing the book which 
he wrote for his own support, and he not only 
lost the benefit of his labours in his life-time, 
but had another man's name put to his work 
when he was dead. "Sic vos non vobis &c." 
William Bentley was clerk of the parish church 
at Halifax. 

I have not got a copy of the second edition, 
but Mr. Boyne, Leeds, in 1869, describes it in 
"The Yorkshire Library." The title differs 
considerably in the wording as will be seen: 

"The History of the Famous Town of Halifax 
in Yorkshire. Being a Description thereof. 
Their Manufactures and Trade. Of the 
Nobility, Gentry and other Eminent Persons 
born and inhabiting thereabout. With a true 
Account of their ancient odd customary Gibbet 
Law, and their Particular Form of Trying 
and Executing of Criminals, the like not us'd 
in any other Place in Great Britain. To 
which are added, Revenge upon Revenge: or 
an Historical Account of the Tragical Prac- 
tices of Sir John Elland, &c. 

Published for the satisfaction of those who 
understand not that Prayer: 

From Hull, Hell and Halifax, 
Good Lord deliver us. 

London, printed and sold by E. Tracey at 
the Three Bibles on London Bridge, 1712." 
The size was a duodecimo, but I have not 
seen a copy to make personally a further des- 
cription, so I cannot state how many pages 
there are. 

Of the third, and a recent edition we write 
in th, uext article. 



XII. SAMUEL MIDGLEY, Continued. 

HALIFAX AND ITS GIBBET LAW 
Placed in a True Light. Together with Sv. 
(a& in the first edition, 1708). Halifax : printed 
by P. Darby, for John Bentley, at Halifax, 
in Yorkshire, and sold by the Booksellers in 
Town and Country. 1761. 

This very early specimen of the Halifax 
press was issued at Is. 6d., but fetches abexit 
7s. 6d. or 10s. now. We shall come across tl-e 
name of P. Darby again as a book printer. The 
paper is very poor, and the type small though 
good. There are 95 pages, duodecimo M/C. 
Page 59 contains the second title " Revenge," 
and at the foot "Halifax: Printed by P. 
Darby, MDCCLXI. It is a verbatim copy of 
the first edition, with two vicars' names ad.led, 
and John Bentley 's name in the dedication 
in place of his father's. On account of the 



(.xtreme rarity of this book, especially tii 
first and second editions, I determined many 
years before 1 could secure a copy that I would 
reprint it, so that its contents might be 
accessible to the public. Though I have the 
first and third editions, I have not seen ~ed 
the one dated 1712. The present generation 
have not shewn much appreciation of my aim, 
but if a few have been gratified, and 8a^ed 
the long anxious search that I had, I must 
remain contented. Sometime the owners of 
copies will be re-couped. The reprint b-MP 
the facsimile of the 1708 title page, and the 
picture of the Gibbet as a frontispiece. 1 he 
words "Reprinted for J. Horsfall Turner, "'chi, 
Bradford, 1886," appear above the title. The 
book was printed at Bingley in small octavo, 
and is a verbatim copy of the originals, pa^es 
viii., 1-51, omitting the Elland Tragedies only, 
which I have issued as a separate reprint, but 
instead of the Tragedies there is an Appendix, 
pages 52 to 92, giving Mr. Wright's account of 
the Gibbet Law, in which he refers to three 
authorities that will be mentioned afterwards 
as Halifax Authors, namely, Rev. W. Clifford. 
Mr. Nalson. and Mr. Brearcliffe. The Appen- 
dix next giveg the additions made in Mi. 
Watson's history, and concludes with the 
usual list of the names of persons beheaded. 
Mr. Crabtree's remarks on the Gibbet follow 
the list, and these again by notice of a drama 
played at Halifax in 1837, entitled "Den nip, 
or the Gibbet Law." Thomas Crossley's poem 
on Dennis, and Deloney's prose romance, 
which introduces Hodgekins, the Halifax 
clothier, are next quoted. Sundry little pam- 
phlets have been issued respecting the Gibbet 
but these chap-books are very iinsatisfaetorr. 
because untrustworthy. One printed by John 
Woffenden, Wesley Court, Halifax, 16 pagt-s, 
sold at Id. was taken verbatim from Crabtree. 
Tweddell, of Stokesley, printed in his tractates 
(Number 8), "Halifax Gibbet," in six pagef. 
with the name of J. R. Robinson, Dewsbury. 
on the title, weighted by bombastic ''tie?, 
though every word was taken from Wats-)n'= 
Halifax. About 1860 W. Armstrong, Man- 
chester, issued a twelve-page pamphlet, cne 
penny, entitled "From Hell, Hull and Halifax. 
Good Lord Deliver Us": not a new fact in it. 
all copied. A Hull magazine reprinted a fo\ir- 
page account by Clucas. all copied. Then 
there have been newspaper and magazine 
articles past reckoning, but all hashed up :i= 
usual and incorrect. 

It is very remarkable that from the timn 
of Midffley, two hundred years ago, blunders 
have been printed and reprinted without veri- 
fication. If Midgley searched the Parish R'fi- 
stere, he as well as William Bentley. the parish 
clerk, neglected to print the list of oulpnV. 
Next we come to the Rev. Thomas Wr<s:h\ 
cuiate at the Parish Church, who in his 



20 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



History, 1738, makes the astounding statement : 
"Though I have searched the registers fr3tn 
1538 very carefully, yet I do not find one eyp- 
cuted till 1568." Passing on to Mr. Watson 's 
History, 1775, we find that although he had 
been curate at the Parish Church his list onuts 
the first instance mentioned in the Register 
and gives the next name wrongly. For a 
hundred and thirty years these errors Kave 
been perpetuated, and the Corporation as 
misled into cutting them on the tablet at the 
site of the gibbet in Halifax. The Corporation 
have just resolved to amend the carved in- 
scription. It ought to record that it is JKnown 
that from the time of King Edward I., 1272. 
gibbetings have taken place at Halifax; tliat 
Charles Haworth's name is the first on record 
in the Parish Register, January 15th, 1539 cl' 
style; that the Register only dates from 1538; 
that Richard Beverley (not Bentley) was tin 
second instance mentioned in the Register. 
His name has always appeared as Bentley, a 
decided mistake. The third is recorded an- 
onymously, and besides these three are three 
others, John Brigg, John Bcoppe and Thomas 
Waite that are mentioned notwithstanding 
Mr. Wright's avowed carefulness. Prom 1545 
to 1568 there is no entry of a gibbet, but it is 
certain the omission was because the registrar 
did not feel impelled to so enter cases that 
occurred. Mr. Wright is also wrong in several 
dates of the months in those he has given, and 
misses several other names in both the 
first and second register books. In one he is 
right and Watson wrong, namely, Henry Hunt, 
1576, should be Henry Smith; and Thomas 
Roberts, 1588, he gives as the wife of Thomas 
Roberts. 



XIII. REV. THOMAS WRIGHT. 

The 

ANTIQUITIES 

of the Town of 

HALIFAX, 

in 

Yorkshire. 

Wherein is given an Account of the Town, 
Church, and Twelve Chapels, the Free Grain- 
mar School, a List of the Vicars and School- 
masters; the ancient and customary Law, 
call'd Halifax Gibbet Law, with the Names of 
the Persons that suffered thereby, and the 
Times when; the public Charities to Church 
and Poor; the Men of Learning, whether Na- 
tives or Inhabitants, together with the most 
remarkable Epitaphs and Inscriptions in 'he 
Church and Church-yard. 

The whole faithfully collected from private 
Authors, Rolls of Courts, Registers, old Wills, 
and other authentic Writings. By the Rev. 
Thomas Wright, of Halifax. 



Pro captu Lectoris habent gua fata libelli. 

Leedea: Printed by James Lister, for James 
Hodgson, bookseller in Halifax; and sold >y 
John Wood, at the Dove in Pater-Noster-Row. 
London; by the Booksellers of Leeds, and J. 
Lord in Wakefield, 1738. 

This book measures seven inches by four, 
and contains the title page as before, the next 
page behind it being blank. This is followed 
by pages i. vi., giving the preface, and 1-207 
containing the History. In the preface be 
mentions Midgley's book of 1712, but not the 
first edition 1708. He finds fault with the im- 
perfections and falsities of the Gibbet Bo.'k; 
refers to writings of the Rev. Win. Clifford, 
M.A., and Mr. John Brearcliffe, apothecary. 
Mr. Wright expected that the reader will be 
surprised that the volume is so lar?o as it is. 
if he consider the Barrenness of the Soil. Little 
did he expect his successor to print a thick 
quarto volume, which we now know could 
have been enlarged to a dozen such volumes. 
The heading on page 1 takes Midgley's title, 
"Halifax and its Gibbet Law." Chapter 1 
describes the Manor and Grammar School (pp. 
l-29); Chapter 2, the Church and Vicars (pp. 
30-74); Chapter 3, Gibbet Law (pp. 75-104); 
Chapter 4, Charities to Church and Poor ipp. 
104-131); Chapter 5, Literary and Biographies 
(pp. 132-177); Chapter 6, Epitaphs (pp. 177- 
196); Appendix, .on the Calder, the Gibbet, 
and the Warrens (pp. 197-207). 

The Rev. Thomas Wright was a native of 
Blackburn, born August 12, 1707. Leaving 
Blackburn School he entered St. John's Ccl- 
lege, Cambridge, and took the B.A. degree. Be 
was curate of Halifax Church many years, and 
in 1750 was presented to the living (then called 
a curacy) of Ripponden. At Ripponden a 

monument was erected to his memory, which 
bore the inscription "Here lieth interred the 
body of the Rev. Mr. Tho. Wright, A!.B., who 
was Curate of Halifax near 18 years, and of 
Ripponden 4. He died the 8th day of June, 
1754, in the 47th year of his age." 

Mr. Watson says: "It is remarkable that 
Mr. Wright was my immediate predecessor in 
both the Curacies of Halifax and Ripponden, 
and that we have both wrote the Antiquities 
of Halifax." We may add "Yes, with a differ- 
ence!." Mr. Watson left Ripponden, after 
fifteen years residence, in 1769, and became 
Rector of Stockport. 

I am not aware that Mr. Wright published 
any other book or pamphlet. His History, I 
need hardly say, has long been scarce, and c-an 
seldom be bought for less than 17s. 6d. It It.s 
once or twice to my knowledge been snapped 
up at 10s. 6d., and sometimes priced at 25g. 
It is one of the books I had to wait years fr r, 
before I could even get the loan of it, hut 
when a copy became my own, in face of a 
certain loss in reprinting it, I ventured to 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



21 



issue a verbatim copy, in 1884; adding the 
much needed index of persons and places, 96 
pages, printed at Bingley. By so doing I 
offended a young man at Halifax, who bad 
been fortunate in having a book-collecting 
father, Mr. B. J. Walker, editor of the "Ha'i- 
fax Guardian," for whom I had procured 
Ainsworth's "Marrow of the Bible," when I 
found a duplicate, and with whom I had long 
had friendly associations. The son, in editing 
his father's "Notes on the Halifax Registers," 
says, "Recently Wright's Halifax has been re- 
printed, and is now offered for sale at a low 
price. This is no cause of congratulation. 
Ite only effect is to lower the value of what 
remaining copies of the original edition theie 
are in the hands of book collectors, for which 
they will not thank the re-printer." 

Well, I don't care whether they do or not, 
but Mr. Walter shewed in these words sordid 
selfishness and crass ignorance. Wright's 

Halifax has fetched more since the re-print 
appeared than it did before, and it must r ; se 
in price by its very scarcity. 



XIV. REV. JOHN WATSON. 

The History and Antiquities 
Of the Parish of Halifax in Yorkshire. 

Illustrated with Copper-plates. 

By the Rev. John Watson, M.A., 

Rector of Stockport in Cheshire, and F.S.A. 

"I have considered the days of old and the 
years that are past." Pa. Ixxvii., 5. 

London : Printed for T.Lowndes, in Fleet St. 
MDCCLXXV. 

This is a portly quarto book of great value, 
and can seldom be bought for less than .5. 
The frontispiece is a portrait of the author 
by the Halifax artist-author, W. Williams. 
There is next a folded plate of the South East 
view of Halifax, Williams del., P. Mazell, sc. 
After the title leaf is the dedication to the 
Inhabitants of the Parish of Halifax, 2 pages. 
The History embraces 764 pages, and the index 
ten unnumbered pages. 

The third plate, a folded one by William.-*, 
represents Druid ical Remain's. After some 
woodcuts is a Miscellaneous Plate of Ar.t 1 - 
quities. Next come two folding plates, namvly 
a Plan of the Town of Halifax, and a South- 
East Prospect of Halifax Church. Published 
according to Act of Parliament, 1762. The 
last four plates are numbered L, II., III., IV., 
namely, Antiquities of Halifax Church; Monu- 
ment of Bryan Waterhouse, &c. ; Antiquities 
of Eland Chapel; Monuments to Saviles a d 
Thornhills. There is no special excellence in 



either the paper or the illustrations, and 
though the work is incomparably superior to- 
Wright's, we know it now to be very deficient, 
so much so that it is ridiculous to think if a 
new edition-. 

Mr. Watson was born at Lyme-cum-Hanlejv 
in Cheshire, in 1724-5. He became curate at 
Halifax Parish Church in 1750, succeeding Mr. 
Wright in the position, and on Mr. Wrights- 
death in 1754 he again succeeded him in the 
living or curacy of Ripponden. In 1759 he had 
become widely knbw'n as an antiquary, and 
was elected F.S.A. in that year. In 1770 Sir 
George Warren gave him the Rectory of Stock- 
port. After leaving Grammar Schools in Lan- 
cashire, he graduated at Brazen-nose College, 
Oxford; B.A. in 1745, Fellow 1746, M.A. 1<4S. 
He settled at Halifax in October, 1750, and 
married a Cheshire lady in 1752, and his ec- 
ond wife, Miss Jaques, of Leeds, in 1761, at 
Elland. In 1766 he obtained a living in Lin- 
colnshire. He became a county magistrate in 
Cheshire in 1770. He died in 1783. His manu- 
scripts have been scattered. Two in the pos- 
session of Sir Tatton Sykes, of Sledmere, I 
examined at Langton Hall, Malton, by favoxtr 
of the squire, the Rev. C. B. Norcliffe, who 
claims descent like his ancestor Sir Norcliffe 
Norcliffe, from a family that took its name 
from Norcliffe, near Shibden, opposite to Sut- 
cliffe in Hipperholme. These manuscript vol- 
umes, small folio size, contain notes from Hey- 
wood's Diaries, &c. 

Mr. Watson had previously printed three 
separate publications as under : (1) A Discourse 
from Philipp, iv., 5, preached in Halifax 
Church, July 28, 1751, entitled. Moderation; 
or a Candid Disposition towards those that 
differ from us, recommended and enforced; 
with a preface containing the reason of its 
publication. There were two editions of this 
pamphlet. (2) An Apology for his Conduct 
yearly on the 30th of January (anniversary of 
the execution of Charles I.) Annexed is a 
Sermon preached in Ripponden Chapel on the 
30th January, 1755, from Romans xiii., 4, in- 
titled "Kings should obey the Laws." This 
pamphlet was printed at Manchester, 8vo. size. 
(3) A- Letter to the Clergy of the Church, 
known by the name of TJnitas Fratrum, or 
Moravians, concerning a remarkable Book of 
Hymns used in their Congregations, pointing 
out several Inconsistencies and Absurdities in 
the said Book. This was an octavo pamphlet, 
printed at Manchester in 1756. We may have 
occasion to refer to these three productions, 
nnd although the first Moravian hymn-book 
was not a Yorkshire book it was mainly '-fred 
here, and owing to th* too literal translation 
of Herman hymns, and other uncouth exp-es- 
sions it was certainly open to criticism, and 
eventually was superseded. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 




HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



23 



Mr. Watson also wrote articles for the 'Arch- 
seologia," London, including (1) an Account of 
a Roman Station lately discovered in the bor- 
ders of Yorkshire; read to the Society of Anti- 
quities, Feb. 20, 1786; (2) A Mistaken passage 
in Bede's Ecclesiastical History (Feb., J766); 
<3) Druidical Remains in Halifax Parish (No v ., 
1771); this was incoiporated in the History 
of Halifax. 

Several other fugitive pieces by Mr. Watson 
appeared in different periodicals without Hs 
name. Ait the time of his death he had mnde 
collections for a book on the Antiquities of a 
part of the County of Chester; and also for 
a part of the County of Lancaster. For his 
patron, Sir George Warren, he compiled the 
"History of the Ancient Earls of Warren and 
Surrey, and their Descendants to the Present 
Time." The aim was to prove that Sir George 
was entitled to the Earldom of Surrey. The 
work has generally fetched large prices, five 
guineas sometimes, but its local value, the 
Warreng being the Lords of Wakefield, Halifax 
Ac., is not important. It was issued from 
Warrington in 1782, in two quarto volumes. 



XV. REV. JOHN WATSON, Continued. 



I place Mr. Watson's name here because 
though hie name does not appear as the auth- 
or of the next History of Halifax, it was his 
work, and we scarcely know whom to blame 
as the plagiarist. The Rev. E. Nelson, 
Lecturer at Halifax Parish Church, and Curate 
of Coley, has had to bear the guilt for a 1- ng 
time of issuing a book that he had no right 
to publish without acknowledging the author- 
ship. It is to be hoped that he had little 
more to do with it than translating the Latin 
epitaphs and poems into English, in which he 
has won a small space for himself amongst 
local poets. He also took part in estimating 
the population of the parish, before the Nation 
in 1801 felt its obligation. 

THE HISTORY 

of 
THE! TOWN 

and 
PARISH of HALIFAX, 

Containing 

A Description of the Town, 

The Nature of the Soil, &c., &c. 

An Account of the Gentry and other Eminent 

Persons born in the said Town, 

And the Liberties thereof. 

Also 
Its Ancient Customs, 

and 
Modern Improvements; 



Also 

The Unparelled Tragedies Committed bv 
Sir John Eland of Eland, 

and 

His Grand Antagonists; 

With a full account of the Lives and Deaths of 
William Lockwood, 

and 
Adam Beaumont, Esquires. 

Also, 
A Catalogue of the several Vicars of 

Halifax Church, 
With the time of their Institution and Death. 

Halifax: EL Jacob, printer. 
The frontispiece is a folding plate of the North 
West view of Halifax, shewing the viaduct 
(North Bridge) and Church, by W. Burgess, 
del. and sculp., and Fielding, pinx. After the 
title leaf, we find pages 1 to 648, octavo siz*.', 
followed by The Revenge or Eland Tragedies, 
which has a separate title leaf, and pagination 
1 to 70. This second title reads: 

REVENGE TJPON REVENGE: 

or, an 
Historical Narrative, 

of the 

Tragical Practices 
Sir John Eland, of Eland, 

High Sheriff 
of the County of York; 

Committed upon the Persons of Sir Robert 

Beaumont, and his Alliances, in the Reign of 

Edward the Third, King of England, &c., 

together 

With an Account of the Revenge which Adam, 
the Son of Robert Beaumont and his Accom- 
plices took upon the persons of Sir John Ela/ui 
and his posterity, herein fully, and plaialy, 
as well as impartially represented, for the 
Satisfaction of the inquisitive part of th> 
World. The whole being divided into three 
equal parts. 

Halifax: E. Jacob, printer. 
1789. 

This book was issued in numbers, and with 
varying names of publishers ae will be <een. 
Number 1, pages 1-24. The printer only worked 
off eight pages at each time. The thirty num- 
bers each contain 24 pages. Opposite page 426 
there is John Hoyle's larger plate of the Gib- 
bet, signed 1650; no human figure is repre- 
sented on it. Complete copies give two other 
plates, which being folding ones are often torn 
out, namely, at page 647 the Inside View of 
the Piece Hall, taken from the West Gateway, 
W. Burgess, del. et. sc., and at page 648, the 
Independent Chapel in Halifax. To Bentley's 
Account of the Elland Tragedies thre is added 
the ballad account, 124 verses of four lines 
each. Of the three copies I have of this book, 
bearing Jacob's name, only one has the four 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 




HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



25- 





f> 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



plates complete. The 9 of page 369 is upside 
down, and 535 is printed 525. The remainder 
seem to have been issued in three other styles, 
as on one title page there is the imprint: 
Halifax, printed by E. Jacobs, bookseller, in 
the Corn Market. MDCCLXXXIX. On an- 
other: Halifax, printed by EL Jacobs, near the 
New Market, for J. Milner, Corn Market. * 
MDCCLXMXIX. A third variation rea-is: 
Halifax, printed for N. Frobisher, York, and 
S. Crowther, London. [1789]. Sometimes +he 
book is called Jacobs', Frobisher's, and 
other times Nelson's, but I feel convinced 
from the slip-shod editing that the Rev. Fd- 
ward Nelson had very little to do with it. It 
contains matters that are not found in Mr. 
Watson's volume, and though we cannot ex- 
cuse the meanness of the anonymous publisher 
in robbing Watson of his dues immediately 
after his death, I gladly acknowledge the in- 
tense pleasure that the perusal of the old 
copy in the Brighouse Mechanics' Library gave 
me when I was a member in 1856 or there- 
abouts. 

* In Milner's edition page 376 appears on the 
proper side of the letterpress; 321 has the 2 
properly, not upside down; 369 is not altered, 
part. After long delay four parts were ' - ued 
altered. I take these comparisons from -Aid. 
Horsfall Vint's copy with Milner's imprint. 



XVI. KEY. JOHN WATSON, Continued. 



Mr. E. N. Alexander, F.S.A., sixty years n o, 
gathered some materials for a new edition of 
Watson's "History of Halifax," but made no 
further progress. About 1865 Mr. F. A. Ley- 
land issued "Proposals for publishing a mw 
and enlarged edition of the History and Anti- 
quities of the Parish of Halifax, by the Rev. 
John Watson, M.A.," edited with additions and 
corrections by F. AJ. Leyland, with notes f:om 
the manuscripts of Mr. John Brerecliffe and 
Mr. E. N. Alexander. As I was in London in 
1866 and 1867, Mr. Leyland induced me to 
get a "pase" from Sir T. Duffus Hardy to 
examine the local documents I could find in 
the National Eecord Office. Some of these I 
copied and reported to Mr. Leyland, but he 
failed to finish his project, and so never used 
the notes. The three-page folio circular an- 



nounced the work in about six parts of 100 
pages each, royal 4to, at 12s. 6d. per part, with 
a large paper, superior edition, at 24s. each 
part. After, long delay four parts were i ued 
at 6s. 6d. each, small paper, 12$ inches by 10, 
fifty-two pages each part. There it was left 
unfinished, and must remain so, for my fr'end 
died several years ago, and many of his *ub- 
scribers pre-deceased him. , The covers (there 
is no title page) bear the title "The History 
and Antiquities of the Parish of Halifax, by 
the Rev. John Watson, M.A,., (second edition), 
with additions and corrections by F. A. Ley- 
land. The whole considerably enlarged by ex- 
tracts from the MS collections of Mr. John 
Brerecliffe and Mr. EL N. Alexander, F.S.A., 
relating to the Ecclesiastical affairs, Public 
Charities, and Family Genealogies of th'e Pai- 
ish of Halifax. London : Longmans, Green and 
Co. Halifax: printed and published by R. 
Leyland and Son. 

The omissions and additions are so numerous 
that there is little of Watson's work apparent, 
and at the rate of Mr. Leylaud's re-writing. 
th3 book would have needed thrice six hundred 
pages, and have been quite different from the 
original. In December, 1892, I had a letter 
from the editor in which he says he was work- 
ing at the ecclesiastical chapter. At page 67 
there is an inserted plan of the Roman Roads 
in Halifax parish. Opposite 123 fs the plan 
of a Roman House at Slack, Outlane. Opposite 
page 171 is the plan-elevation of the north side 
of the Parish Church. There are a few other 
illustrations with the letterpress, and the 208 
pages carry his account down to 1314. At the 
time when I had last correspondence with him, 
I had spent a considerable interval in exam- 
ining Wakefield Manor Rolls, and somewhat 
damped his ardour by stating that it vas 
foolishness to attempt a history of Halifax 
parish from 1300 to 1800 without transcribing 
scores of pages from those Rolls. Since ll<en, 
some years after I gave over copying them, 
Mr. John Lister has often been there, and Ilie 
first two Rolls have been edited by Mr. PaTey 
Baildon. 

Biographia Halifaxiensis : 

or 

Halifax Families and Worthies. 

Compiled by J. Horsfall Turner. 

Vol. I. 

Containing the Biographical and Genealogical 
History of Halifax Parish, from Watson's His- 
tory, being about one-half of his book, was 
printed for the compiler at Bingley in 1883. 

This was issued separately in justice to Mr. 
Watson's labours to clear the way for a second 
volume, now ready but unprinted, to bring Mr. 
Watson's family histories down to the present 
time. The first volume is an octavo, pp. xvi., 
374. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



27 




HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



XVII.-^TOHN CEABTEEB, GENT. 



A CONCISE HISTOEY 
Of the Parish and Vicarage of 

HALIFAX, 

In the County of York. 

By John Ctabtree, Gent. 

Halifax, Hartley and Walker, printers. 

MDCCCXXXVI. 

This is an octavo volume, of which the fol- 
lowing is the description : Frontispiece, Steel 
plate of Halifax by N. Whittock, del., J. Eogers 
so., pages ix., 1-563. Wood engraving on fly Itaf 
opposite page 108, by 0. Jewitt, sc., Duffield. 
Folding sheet opposite page 313 giving the par- 
ticulars of population in 1831. Wesley Chapel, 
wood cut, opposite page 340, and opposite page 
341 a sheet with wood cuts of Zion and Hanover 
Street Chapels, all three drawn by Horn3r, 
ugraved by Whimper. They take the place of 
pages 341-2. Opposite 359 is a folding plate of 
the Plan of the Town by Jas. Day, land sur- 
veyor, Halifax, 1835, and opposite 529 a small 
plate representing a plan of the Borough, wiih 
the Halifax Seal, 1662. Other illustrations 
appear with the letterpress, and the view of 
the Parish Church (steeple), by J. Homer, en- 
graved by G. Bonner occupies page 96 (page 95 
being blank. 

After the title leaf is the dedication to the 
Eev. Charles Musgrave, B.D., vicar, prebendary 
of Givendale, to whom thirty-four years later 
(1870) I was brought under obligation by free 
access to the Parish Eegisters, which I wailed 
myself of for many months. The Venerable 
Archdeacon Dr. Musgrave will come under 
notice as an author. Mr. Crabtree was a soli- 
citor, I believe, born in London, and the preface 
intimates that he suffered from deafness. He 

died unmarried in Halifax in 1837. He men- 
tions favours received from Mr. James E. 
Norris, Mr. Edward Nelson Alexander, and 
Mr. F. A. Leyland. Pages xi. and xii., 
give Contents and Illustrations respective- 
ly. This book has gone up considerably 
in price. As a boy I could once have 
bought one in Halifax market for 7s. 6d., 



but I had to be content with my mouth water- 
ing; now it is thought very cheap at ititee 
times the price. In gome respects it is a g-;od 
supplement to Watson's "History," but 1'ke 
all the Histories of Halifax deficient in the 
ancient history that the Wills at York, the 
Archbishops' Eolls there, and the Memorial 
Bolls at Wakefield (not to mention the Eolls 
of the Sub-Manors), could alone supply. There 
were 750 copies of Crabtree's History printed, 
besides 250 on large paper. Further particulars 
respecting Mr. Crabtree are desirable. Mr. 
J. P. Birtwhistle owned the wood cuts a tfw 
years ago. 

In the last seven articles we have dealt with 
old authors of Halifax histories, but other col- 
lectors should be named who have not issued 
separate works. John Hanson, of Eastrick, 
though he never printed anything, assisted 
Camden nearly three centuries ago, and com- 
pilttd the Hanson pedigree, with emblazoned 
arms, and a history of Liversedge. Oliver 
Heywood was another collector. John Brear- 
cliffe, apothecary, Halifax, who died in 1682, 
aged 63, was fond of collecting everything relat- 
ing to hi native town and -parish. Mr. 
Watson had twenty folio papers in his hand- 
writing, intituled "Inquiries for the findin.je 
out five gifts given to pious uses by divers 
persons deceased, dated Dec. 22, 1651." Thores- 
by (in Vic. Leod, p. 68) mentions Brearcliffe's 
Catalogue of Halifax Vicars, and inscriptions 
painted under their arms in the library tlure 
by his care. His "Survaye of the howsings and 
lands in the township, 1648, seems to be 1< et 
with his other MSS." Gough, II., 434. 

Mr. E. J. Walker and Mr. F. A. Leyland 
discovered some of the Brearcliffe manuscripts. 
Mr. Walker often refers to them in the Local 
Portfolio, which appeared in the "Halifax 
Guardian," when he was editor. Mr. .khn 
Lister is pre-eminently taking the whole of the 
parish, the greatest Halifax antiquary now 
living. 

Watson's Halifax is said by Gough in "B it- 
ish Topography," 1780, to want method and 
better plates. I have the copy of Gough 1 hat 
belonged to the celebrated Yorkshire Anti- 
quary, Joseph Hunter, F.S.A., which bears 
numerous notes in his hand writing, one note 
on Gough's remark is as follows : "This is 
true; but the work deserved some praise. A 
copy of it is in the possession of a gentleman 
at Halifax (1828) with many manuscript nofes 
by Dr. Whitaker as if he meditated to repub- 
lish it." On this we may reiterate as a fact 
that no one could do justice to the History of 
Halifax without consulting largely the Man- 
orial Eolls, which Dr. Whitaker never did. 
The Doctor includes in a general way ihe 
parish of Halifax in his "Loidis and Elmete." 
or Leeds and district, 2 folio volumes, 1816. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



29- 



XVIII. CAPTAIN HODGSON, COLEY. 



An anonymous book was printed at Edin- 
burgh in 1806. the supposed editor being the 
famous Sir Walter Scott, though it has been 
attributed to the scarcely less noted author, 
Joseph Riteon. the ballad-collector and anti- 
quary. I have had to wait a great number 
of years before I could purchase a copy, which, 
though water-stained in the frontispiece, was 
thought to be cheap at half-a-guinea. My old 
friend (a native of Slead Syke), Mr. Thomas 
Thornton Eirapsall, had a fine copy, but he 
gave much more for it, and lent it to me in 
1872, when I was living at Mont Blanc, Brig- 
house. I copied verbatim pages 83 to 198, so 
highly did I value the information. It will be 
best, however, to describe the full book, al- 
though only the pages named refer to Captain 
Hodgson. The volume is 8vo. size, with a 
small oval frontispiece, the portrait of Sir 
Henry Slingsby, Bart. The title-page reads; 
"Original Memoirs, written during the Great 
Civil War; being the Life of Sir Henry 
Slingsby, and Memoirs of Captain Hodgson : 
with Notes, &c." Edinburgh, 1806. The dorse 
of the title is blank, then a fly-leaf has "Some 
Account of Sir Henry Slingsby," followed by 
another blank page- Pages i. and ii.. contents; 
iii.-xvii., Accounts of Sir Henry Slingsby, of 
Striven, near Knaresboro', and his family. 
Pages 18 and 20 are blank, and 19 only gives a 
sub-title, " Memoirs of Sir Henry Slingsby, 
Baronet." These Memoirs are recorded from 
pages 21 to 81, and page 82 is blank. Our 
special interest in the book begins with the 
sub-title: 

Memoirs of 

Captain John Hodgson, 

Of Coalley Hall, near Halifax; 

Touching His Conduct in the Civil Wars, and 

His Troubles after the Restoration. 

Written by Himself , and now first published 

from his manuscript. 

The next page, 84, is blank, and 85 to 87 
contains the "Advertisement, by Joseph. Ritson 
Esq." The manuscript had been in the 
possession of Captain Hodgson's son-in-law, 
William Kitchen. Captain Hodgson settled at 
Ripon, and is thought to have died there soon 
after September, 1683. the date of the last 
entry. Pages 89 to 198 are what we claim as 
distinctly a Halifax publication. Captain 
Hodgson resided at Godley, next at Coley Hall 
and afterwards at Cromwell Bottom, all in 
Halifax parish. 



He was on the closest terms of friendship 
with the Rev. Oliver Heywood, a presbyteriau 
and Cougregationalist, whilst the Captain war- 
mere definitely "an Independent. He was a 
widely-known magistrate during the Common- 
wealth, and travelled far and wide with Oliver 
Cromwell when waging war against Charles I.. 

He made two great local euemies thereby, Sir 
.John Armytage, of Kirklees, and Mr. John 
Peebles, J.P., Dewsbury, the Clerk of the Peace 
for West Yorkshire, son of Mr. Peebles 
(Peebles, Peoples, and several other spellings), 
a Scotchman who was some time the Lightcliffe 
preacher. His account of the Sieges of Brad- 
ford, and the many encounters in Yorkshire 
and various parts of England, as well as in 
Scotland and the Isle of Man, are very simply 
and briefly recorded from memory; and his 
tinas and imprisonments are very pathetically 
toici. The book was useful to Sir Walter Scott 
in Rokeby. and in one of his novels. I think 
I have lately discovered some descendants in 
fie North of England, who bear the name 
Hodgson, but no pedigree has yet been com- 
piled of the family. His son Timothy was 
chaplain to Lady Hewley at York, and is often 
mentioned by Oliver Heywood in his Diaries. 

The rest of the book under notice needs but 
a few lines here. These pages 199 to 367 con- 
tain reprints of tracts bearing on the Cam- 
paigns of Oliver Cromwell in Scotland, and 
are given to amplify the references in Hodgson's 
Memoirs. The tracts are: The Fight at Leith 
(London, 1650); The English Army in Scotland 
(London, 1650); The Army in Scotland (London,. 
1650); Letters from Scotland (London, 1650); 
Scotch Army at Dunbar (London, 1650); Lord 
General Cromwell's Letter from Dunbar (Lon- 
don 1650); Cromwell at Stirling (London, 
1650); four other small pamphlets of the same 
date, on the Campaign in Scotland. Leaving 
otit the Life of Slingsby and the tracts on the 
Campaign in Scotland, the whole of the refer- 
ences to Captain Hodgson, with notes on his 
family history and an index and illustrations,, 
are given in the following edition: 

Autobiography of 

Captain John Hodgson, 

Of Coley Hall, near Halifax; 

With additional notes by 

J. Horsfall Turner. 

Biishonsc. A. H. Bayes, 1882; 82 pages. Is. 6d_ 

I nt reduction by the Editor, 16 pages. Ke- 
print, verbatim, pages 17-65. Notes and pedi- 
grees, pages 66-82. 



-30 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 




HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



31 



XIX. HENRY RAMSDEN. 

A, Gleaning 

iu God's Harvest. 

Foure Choyce Handtuls; 

Gate to Happiness. 
TH J Wuuded Saviour, 
j Epicures Caution. 
V Generation of Seekers. 
"By the late Judicious Divine Henry Ramsden, 

sometime Preacher in London, 
ludg. 3. 2. Is not the gleaning... 

London 
"Printed for J. D. and R. M., and are to be 

sold by Thomas Slater, at the Swan inn, 
Duck-lane, 1639. 

I need not state that thu> is an exceeding- 
ly rare book. It is a small quarto, and I got 
it cheaply at 6s. 6d. Each page has an ob- 
long ruling, and the outer margin of each 
page is also ruled for notes, but very little 
used by the printer. The dorse of the title 
is blank, and the next fourteen pages (.unnum- 
bered) contain the Epistle to the Header, sign- 
ed loli n Good wine. The succeeding eight un- 
numbered pages give The Contents of the 
ensuing Treatises. The Gate to Happiness, 
pages 1 to 99; The Wounded Saviour, 101-129; 
Ihe Epicures Cavtion, 131-193; The Genera- 
tion of Seekers, 195-231. 

The celebrated preacher notes the Pauline 
doctrine that if drink " offend my brother we 
wil not driuke strong drinke while we live," 
" We must not choose such company because 
there is danger ot infection by their example 
and their counsell. It breeds many lusts." 
"It hurts the body, soul and estate, and wrongs 
the commonwealth and the poore. Wee many 
times speake against dfuukennesse and if there 
were not lawes made against it what could wee 
expect but an inundation and catocli*me and 
over whelming: Time was, it was the fault 
of beggers, As Drunke as a Begger, they used 
to say, but now it is the fault of great ones. 
It is a fault not ouely of the night and of the 
darkenesse, but of the noone day." Home- 
brewed beer, balm tea and mint-tea were the 
^common beverages in those early days of the 
Stuarte. 

The author of these four discourses, was 
son of Godfrey Ramisden, of Greetland, and 
became a pupil at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, in 
1610. The Ramsden family had then become 
one of the leading families in the parish, and 
Ihe Crawstone branch have kept up the reput- 
ation to this day, in the Ramsden-Fawkes of 
Hawksworth and the baronets of Byram Hall. 
Henry took his degrees in Arts, and became 
Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford, in 1621, 
and five years later became a famous preacher 
in London, being much resorted to for his ed- 
ifying and Puritimical sermons. His brother, 
Hugh Ramsden, B.D.. baptized at Elland on 



March 17, 1594-5, became vicar of Halifax in 
October. 1628, but had held the Rectory of 
Methley before that date. We see the influ- 
ence of the Savilles in these appointments. 
Hugh died of a fever at York, July 16th, 16..'!,'. 
and was buried at Halifax in the chancel, on 
July 19th, and a Latin inscription 
and the Ramsden's arms, perpetuate his 
memory. Henry succeeded his brother in the 
Halifax Vicarage in August, 1629, both having 
been presented thereto by Charles I. Henry 
died in March, 1637-8, and was also buried in 
the chancel. A Latin inscription gives hi" 
titles as M.A. and J.P., and his arms still re- 
main on the chancel ceilincr: argent, between 
three fluers-de-lis on a chevron sable, as many 
rams' heads of the first. His widow died at 
Elland. May llth. 1684. There was a Huj;h 
Ramsden, of Stainland, 1670, who issued a 
penny token. Grace Ramsden. of Hawksworth, 
in 1734, founded a school at Elland, as shewn 
by her will in my "Halifax Families." The 
two vicars had a brother William, who was 
Rector of Edgmund, Shropshire. 



XX. THE WILKINSONS. 



On the authority of Wood's "Athense Oxen." 
Vol. II., pages 112-543, we learn that Henry 
Wilkinson was born in the Vicarage of Halifax, 
October 9, 1566, and entered Oxford University 
in 1581, where he was elected Probationer 
Fellow of Merton College, by favour of hie 
kinsman Henry Savile, the warden, in 1586. 
He took degrees in Arts and became B.D. In 
1601 he had the living of Waddesdon, in 
Bucks., conferred on him, and was buried ther*> 
in March, 1647. In 1643 he was elected one of 
the Assembly of Divines. Although he wan 
author of several pieces I only know the two 
mentioned by Watson : 

1. A Catechism for the Use of the Congre- 
gation of Waddesdon; fourth edition, octavo. 
London, 1637. 

3. The Debt Book, or a Treatise on Roman* 
xiii., 8, wherein is handled the civil debt of 
money or goods. London, 1625. octavo. There 
is a copy in the Congregational Memorial Hall. 
London. We cannot claim his son as a native 
of Halifax, probably; but incidentally we may 
mention that tint-, son, also named Henry, 
wrote several works. One I have now before 
me, in small quarto, pages vi., 39, entitled 

A SERMON 
AGAINST LUKEWARMENESSE 

IN RELIGION. 

Preached at Saint Maries in Oxford, the sixth 
of September, 1640. By Henry Wilkinson, 
Batchelour in Divinity of Magdalen Hall. 
Printed by order from the House of Commons, 
in which he states that he had been suspended 
for preaching it, but released by Parliament. 
He refers to the Scots having taken New Castle. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



In spending a few hours at the Riuvdon Bap- 
tist College Library, A,pril, 1904, I met with 
three volumes of rare old divinity in that re- 
markable collection made by the Eev. John 
Sutclift'e, of Olney, about 150 years ago. The 
volumes bear the title "Three Decads of Ser- 
mons at St. Mary's, Oxford: By Henry Wil- 
kinson, D.D.; Oxford, 1660; quarto size, pages 
xx., 242; xvi., 195; viii., 198. At the Congre- 
gational Memorial Hall, London, there is an- 
other copy of the Three Decads; and in the 
same Library there are also the following 
works of Dr. H. Wilkinson: 

The Hope of Glory; a funeral sermon for 
Mrs. Corbet. Oxford", 1657. 

The Doctrine of Contentment, I. Timothy, 
vi., 8. London, 1671, octavo. 

Character of a Sincere Heart, and the Com- 
forts thereof. Collected out of the Word of 
God. Small octavo, 1674. 

Counsels and Comforts for Troubled Consci- 
ences; 12mo.. 1679. 

Two Treatises God's All Sufficiency, and 
Christ's Preciousness. Small 8vo., 1681. 

There had been a Vicar of Halifax, Thomas 
Wilkynson, born in Ovenden, who became Vicar 
before 1437, and made his will in 1481. He 
paid for the great chancel window, and his 
arms are painted on the chancel roofs. The 
same arms are also painted there for Joseph 
Wilkinson, a later Vicar, buried at Halifax 
o.i the last day (Dec. 31), 1711. after twenty 
' years vicariate. He had served as Vicar of 
Chapelizod, Dublin, and Rector of Wigginton. 
His monument gives his age as sixty. The 
first master of Halifax Grammar School was 
Richard Wilkinson, B.A., 1600. Dr. John 
Wilkinson is claimed in the Gibbet Book as a 
native of Halifax parish. From being a stu- 
dent at Oxford he rose to the position of 
Divinity Professor there. Wood's Fasti, i., 
173, speaks of him as a B.D.. Fellow of Magda- 
len College, Tutor to Henry, Prince of Wales, 
son of James I., President of Magdalen Hall 
and College. He fled from Oxford to the Par- 
liament, and was deprived of his presidentship. 
It is pretty certain that he was the same John 
Wilkinson who wrote "An Exposition of the 
13th Chapter of the Revelations of Jesus 
Christ," a quarto booklet, privately printed in 
1619. (See Anthony a Wood, p. 37). 

Whether any of the other Wilkinsons were 
authors I have not been able to discover, nor 
whether Robert Wilkinson, author of "The 
"Merchant Royall. a Sermon at the Nuptials 
of Lord Hay and his Lady," was a native of 
our wide parish. This sermon is a small 
quarto, printed in London in 1607, and is a 
whimsical composition in which he attempts to 
draw a resemblance between a ship and a 
woman. He was also author of "A Paire of 
Sermons Preached to a Paire of Peerless and 
Succeeding Princes (Henry and Charles). Lon- 
don, quarto, 1614. 



XXL TWO DOCTORS OF MEDICINE. 

THOMAiS NETTLETON. 

A Latin inscription might have been seen 
formerly in the chancel of Halifax Church to 
the memory of Anna and John, infant children 
of Thomas Nettleton, M.D., who died respec- 
tively in 1711 and 1717, and of Susanna, the 
doctor's sister, 1718, aged 23. The doctor was 
son of John Nettleton, of Dewsbury, and after 
taking the M.D. degree at Leyden, settled at 
Halifax. He and Mr. West, of Underbank,. 
near Peniston, were the first to teach Sander- 
eon, the blind professor, the principles of 
mathematics. Dr. Nettleton wrote articles for 
the Philosophical Transactions, of great nov- 
elty and use, including the heights of hills 
indicated by the barometer; inoculation of 
smallpox; the latitude and longitude of Halifax 
and other places in the- district. He was the 
boldest to practice inoculation, for whilst all 
other doctors had performed 121 cases he alone 
had inoculated 61. 

He married in 1708 EJizabeth Cotton, of 
Haigh Hall, Barnsley, and had several child- 
ren. Though he died at Halifax, January 9, 
1742, he was buried at Dewsbury, where a long 
Latin inscription records his virtues, his age- 
being 58. I am not aware that he wrote more 
than one book (though Watson calls it a pam- 
phlet), the title being "Some thoughts concern- 
ing virtue and happiness in a letter to a 
clergyman." London, 1729, octavo, which he 
afterwards much enlarged. It was re-printed' 
in 1736, octavo, and this edition is considered* 
thy best. The third beam the title-. 

A TREATISE 

ON 
VIRTUE AND HAPPINESS, 

BY 
THOMAS NETTLETON. M.D. and F.R.S. 

The Third Edition, 
Corrected and very much improved by the 

Author. 

London, octavo, 1751. 

The following is the description of my copy : 
After the title and a blank page the preface 
and contents occupy pages i. to viii. The 
Treatise fills pages 1 to 263. There was a 
seventh edition, I2mo., printed at Edinburgh 
in 1774. Dr. Nettleton's work has always held' 
a high place in modern literature because of 
the high moral tone in which he expresses 
mental, physiological and social possibilities. 
The first part treats of affection, goodness, 
happiness, object of life, results of deviation, 
prevention of errors, human imperfections,, 
reasoning powers. The second part concerns 
pleasures, pains and external senses, sympa- 
thies, social affections, moral sense, virtues and 
vices, amiability, beauty in nature, natural' 
and acquired education, the highest good. Part 
three refers to passions, sensual appetites, love 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



of money, depraved imaginations, sense of 
rjglit and wrong, and of honour. Halifax par- 
ish ought to be prond of its claim to this book, 
as one. with several others that will be sub- 
sequently mentioned, bearing the stamp of true 
philosophy. 

EDWARD WATKINSON. 

On the south si i.' of Halifax Chancel is, or 
was. a pillar moi.unient to the memory of 
Mary, ouly daughter of the Rev. Edward Wat- 
kir.son, curate of Luddenden. She died in 
August, 1726, aged three years. Mr. Watkin- 
son removed soon afterwards to the rectory of 
Little Chart, in Kent. In June, 1732, he con- 
veyed a messuage house, &c., in Vicar-lane, 
Ix-eds, and four cottages in the neighbourhood 
of Leeds, by deed to two Midgley gentlemen, 
in trust to provide loaves weekly for Warley 
and Midgley poor widows. Mr. Watkinson was 
only three and a half years at Luddenden, and 
left before June, 1728. He had obtained the 
M.D. degree. Having had his house at Little 
Chart broken open and plundered he was so 
tei rifled that he durst not live any longer in 
the neighbourhood, but removed to Ackworth, 
npar Pontefract, where he died October 19, 
1767, aged 74; leaving a widow, then aged 68. 
In the Christian's Magazine. Jan., 1765, there 
is a commendation of a booklet of which Dr. 
Watkinson was the author, entitled "An Ad- 
ministration to the Younger Clergy." He was 
also the writer of "An Essay on Gratitude," 
and his "Essay on Economy" reached four 
editions, being mostly given away. He estab- 
lished the Watkinson's Hospital for poor 
people of Ackworth and Pontefract. Mr. Saml. 
Saltonstall (a Halifax family representative^ 
was the executor, 1767. Further accounts may 
be found in Saywell's "Ackworth" and Fox's 
"Pontefract." 



XXII. THREE FAMOUS DOCTORS. 



SIR THOMAS BROWNE, D"R. HENRY 
PAVER, AND DR. HULME. 



Far more people have heard of Sir Thomas 
Browne's famous book "Religio Medici" than 
have read it, yet it is a fascinating book, and 
th ! numerous modern editions that have ap- 
peared in recent years show that publishers 
find a ready gale for it. Sir Thomas wa* a 
famous M.D., who won a knighthood in ac- 
knowledgement of his learning. He was a 
native of London, but spent some time in se- 
clusion at Upper Shibden Hall (the one higher 
> Shibden Dale than Mr. Lister's Mansion). 
Universal consent gives this visit as the time 
when the doctor wrote his "Religion of a 
Medical Man." It was circulated in manu- 
script, but it got copied and re-copied, and 



then printed with errors anonymously, so that 
the author issued the book as he wished it 
t~> appear. f-.ir Thomas died at Norwich, whore 
h> had lived many years, and he was author 
of several other works, but Halifax can lay 
no claim to them. The collected works were 
issni-d in a big folio in 1686. with his portrait. 
This sells for 25s. generally. \ Norwich edi- 
tion was issued in four volumes, 8vo., in 1836. 
with large paper coi>ies as well, selling re- 
spectively at 50s. and 4 guineas. Bonn's edi- 
tfon in three volumes is a re-publication of 
th j Norwich edition. Browne's Posthumous 
Works were issued in 1712, octavo, one volume. 
Besides the "Religio," but not so popular, his 
chief books were "Urn Burial." "Vulgar 
Errors." and "Christian Morals." 

Of the oldest editions of "Religio Medici" we- 
only note the first, London, 1642, 12mo.. with 
frontispiece by Marshall. This was reprinted 
in 1643. with observations of Sir K. Digby. I 
met with a copy of the fourth edition at Raw- 
don Baptist College a few days ago; London. 
1656, 12mo., 302 pages, anonymous, but followed* 
by observations on "Religio Medici" by Sir K. 
Digby. same size, 124 pages. 

An edition, probably surreptitious, appeared 
in 1663. folio, with portrait. The London edi- 
tion of 1733. 12mo., with life by Dr. Johnson, 
was held to be the best until recent issues 
appeared. It has been translated into almost 
every European language. Alex. Ross wrote a 
counter book in 1645 entitled "Medicns Medi- 
eatus." In this famous Shibden-dale book ap- 
pears the beautiful poem "Th night is come."" 
which anticipated the favourite evening hymns 
by Bishop Ken and others. 

Sir Thomas died in 1682 aged 77. A mem- 
orial of him has been erected at Norwich in 
recent years. It wns about 1630 when the doc- 
tor resided in Shibden. So far as I ain aware 
this is the only Halifax book that has been 
honoured by being placed on the Index Purga- 
torius of the Roman Church. As the book may 
now be had in very neat cloth at one shilling, 
xxxi.. 262 pages, the reader may find pleasure- 
a.nd profit, as well as privilege, in ordering it 
at any bookseller's shop. 

Henry Power, M.D.. practised physic in Hali- 
fax, and at New Hall, Elland, and Wright 
states that he died there, but Wilson's manu- 
scripts inform us that he removed to Wakefield 
and this i substantiated by the Latin inscrip- 
tion on a brass plate on the chancel floor of 
Wakefield Church. He died in December. 1668. 
aged 35. I have not seen his "Experimental 
Philosophy." in three books, containing new 
experiments, microscopical, mercurial, and 
magnetiral. 4to., London. 1664. 

Vjitlumiel Hulme. M.D.. lived for some time 
with his uncle in Halifax. This ancle, Joseph 
Hulme. was a famous M.D., a friend of Prof. 
Wm. Gibson, of Stead Hall, and lived to over 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



ninety years of age. The family were identi- 
fied with Nonconformity in Halifax and Brad- 
ford. Nathanial wrote : "Libellus de Natura 
Causa, Curationeque Scorbuti. To this is an- 
nexed a proposal for preventing the scurvy in 
the British Navy," 'Octavo, London, 1768. 



XXIII. MEDICAL MEN: BREARCLIFFE 
AND RITCHIE. 

We have already given the names of "Dr.," 
Midgley, the Rev. Dr. Watkinson, Dr. Nettle- 
ton, Sir Thomas Browne, Dr. Power, and Dr. 
Hulme, medical men of olden times, as auth- 
ors of Halifax books, we may be excused in 
adding John Brearcliffe, an apothecary in 
Halifax, his native place^ where he died of a 
fever, December 4th, 1682, aged 63. Like Mr. 
Midgley, but more elaborately, he dabbled in 
antiquities, and neither of them printed their 
own* collections. Mr. Thoresby, of Leeds, ac* 
cording to the manuscripts of Mr. Wilson, of 
Leeds, saw Brearcliffe's collections relating to 
the antiquities of Halifax, in the library at 
Halifax Church, but Mr. Watson said they 
were not there from about 1750. For a long 
period these manuscripts were supposed to be 
lost, but the late Mr. F. A. Leyland, the late 
Mr. EL J. Walker, and others have met with 
a quantity of them and taken copies of some. 
The Halifax Historical Society ought to print 
these at an early date, especially 

(1) A particular survey of all the houseings 
and lands within the townshippe of Halifax, 
accordinge to the best information that could 
be had, taken the 22nd day of November, 1648. 

(2) Halifax inquieryes for the nndeinge out 
of severall gifts given to pious uses by divers 
persons deceased. Written December 22, 1651. 

I believe the apothecary was son of Edmond 
Brearcliffe, the parish clerk at Halifax. 

James Ritchie, said to have been M.D., was 
a dissenting minister at Mixenden Congrega- 
tional Chapel, but then A.rian in doctrine. He 
came from Alton in 1753, and found an almost 
empty chapel, which did not improve much in 
his ten years' service. Benjamin Patchett, one 
of his elders, was an author that we shall have 
to mention shortly. Patchett must have been 
a thorn in the flesh, for he was in the habit 
of calling out contradictions when the preacher 
dispkased him. Mr. Ritchie resided at Shaw- 
booth, and wae very useful and benevolent as 
a physician. He died about 1763. His publica- 
tions, so far as I have discovered, were: 

"A Criticism upon Modern Notions of Sacri- 
fices, being an examination of Dr. Taylor's 
Scripture Doctrine of Atonement, in relation to 
Jewish Sacrifices and to the Sacrifice of our 
Lord Jesus Christ: To which is added an 
appendix containing another notion of Jewish 



Sacrifices, which is exhibited in an anonymous 
piece published at London in 1746, entitled '.vn 
Essay on the Nature, Design, and Origin of 
Sacrifices," 1761. 

The above work he elaborated into a more 
comprehensive one, which he sent to the press, 
but died before it was printed. His widow, 
however, aided by a subscription list (the 
names of subscribers appearing in the work), 
brought out the same in two quarto volumes, 
printed at Warrington 'in 1766, entitled, "Tne 
Peculiar Doctrines of Revelation, relating to 
piacular 'Sacrifices, Redemption by Christ, 
Faith in Him, the treatment of different moral 
characters by the Deity under the several dis- 
pensations of revealed religion, &c., exhibited, 
&c., in two essays, viz.. On the Rectitude of 
divine moral government of rational creatures, 
and the Rectitude, &c., in the treatment of 
different moral characters under the dispensa- 
tions of revealed religion, the Adamical, Patri- 
aichal. Hebrew, and Christian : to which are 
subjoined two dissertations on the Office of 
Jesus Christ as Mediator and Surety, and on 
the Person of Christ. 



XXIV. THE BROTHERS DEAN. 



The Dean family had resided for a long per- 
iod in Halifax parish before the birth of the 
two authors named below. The "History of 
Brighouse" shows that 'Simon of the Dene 
was amongst the leading men of Hipperholme 
graveship from 1300. A branch of them gave 
the name to Dean House, near Coley Church, 
and in the time of Elizabeth, Saltoustall a 
grand old homestead at Warley was the home 
of Gilbert Deane, who had married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Edmund Jennings, of Silsden. 
Their son Richard was born at 'Saltonstall, and 
became at seventeen a student in Merton Col- 
lege, Oxford, 1587; became B.A. in October, 
1592; and M.A. in 1595. It is rumoured that 
he taught a school at Carmarthen, but doubt- 
fully. He became Dean of Kilkenny, in Ire- 
land, and in 1609 he succeeded Dr. John Hors- 
fall, a native of Heptonstall district, as Bishop 
of Ossory, but died February 20th, 1612, and 
was buried in the Cathedral at Kilkenny un- 
der a marble monument, near the Bishop's 
throne. Dr. Horsfall was buried in the same 
Cathedral and a monument bearing the Hors- 
fall's arms still exists there. I am not aware 
that either of these Bishops left even printed 
sermons, and shall be pleased to receive traces 
of their publications. 

Edmund Dean, brother to Richard, entered 
Merton College in 1591, aged 19, and after his 
B.A. took at Alban Hall the degrees of Bach- 
elor and Doctor of Physic. He settled in the 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



35 



city of York, anil practiced there until about 
the beginning of the Civil Wars. He was 

author of "Spadaciem> Anglica; or the English 
Spaw Fountnine: bring a brict'c treatise of the 
Acide or Tart Fountain* in the Forest, of 
Knaresborow, in Yorkshire, by Edmund Deane, 
Doctor of Physicke." This is in small quarto 
<i/.o. London, 1626. 

This refers to Hurrogate Spa, first discovered 
by Mr. William Slingsby about 1571. 

The next edition i> entitled "English Spaw : 
or the Glory of Knaresborough." By Dr. 
Edmund Dean; quarto, York, 1649. 

The third edition was issued, in octavo size 
in 1736, seemingly at Leeds, according to 
Messrs. Boyne and Lowndes. This edition con- 
tains additions by Dr. Stanhope and others. It 
is entitled "Spadacreue Anglica, or the English 
Spaw, being an account of the waters of Harro- 
gate and Parts adjacent." 

Dr. Michael Stanhope issued his two Spaw 
books in 1627 and 1633 respectively, and Dr. 
John French published a small 12mo. book in 
1652, on the Yorkshire Spaw, which is said to 
have been re-published at Halifax in 1760, but 
I have not got a copy. Dr. George Neale, of 
Leeds, wrote on the same waters in "Spada- 

crene Eboracensis, or the Yorkshire Spaws near 
Knaresborough," and several others before 1700 
contributed volumes to the subject. 

William Alexander. M.D.. whose name will 

~be found again respecting Horley Green Spa, in 

Shibden-dale. published an octavo book on 

"Plain and Easy Directions for the use of 

Harrogate Waters," Edinbtn-gh, 1773. 

THE HORLEY GREEN MINERAL WATER; 
Its New Chemical Analysis and Medicinal 

Uses; by W. Alexander, M.D., 
Physician to the Halifax Infirmary, &c. ; 

Author of a Treatise on Sea-Bathing and the 
Mineral Springs of Scarborough, &c., &c. 
Halifax, Leyland and Son, 1840. This is a 
small octavo, with view of Shibden-dale as a 
frontispiece, and Horley Green Spa House as 

a vignette on the title page. There are x and 
50 pages. In the preface he tells of the re- 
discovery of the well since Dr. Garnett and the 
first Dr. Alexander wrote about it. He also 
refers to his Scarborough book issued about 
1833. The preface is dated Lord-street, June 
5th, 1840. 

Thomas Garnett, M.D., was author of " Ex- 
periments and Observations on the Horley 
Green Spaw, near Halifax. To which is added 
a short account of two other Mineral Waters 
in Yorkshire. Bradford, printed for the auth- 
or by George Nicholson. 1790, 86 pages, octavo. 

In Dr. Granville's Northern Spns, 1841, there 
is a view of Halifax, page 398. wood cut. 



XXV.-BEV. PATRICK BRONTE. 




REV. P. BRONTE (in middle life). 

COTTAGE POEMS, 

by the 
Eev. Patrick Bronte, B.A., 

Minister of Hartshead-cum-Clifton, near Leeds, 
Yorkshire. 

Halifax, P. K. Holden, for the Author. 
Sold in London, Wellington, Halifax, Leed, 

&c., 1811. 

Though the Rev. Patrick Bronte lived most 
of his life near the borders of Halifax parish, 
he was never a resident within our limits; so 
we only mention this little book as a sample 
of the Halifax press, issued by Poter Kenyon 
Holden, who was allied by marriage connections 
with the Byles* family, Bradford, and I believe 
the noted Halifax printer was interred in Un- 
dercliffe Cemetery. Mr. Bronte's little 16mo. 
book contains xvi. and 136 pages. A good, 
clean copy will sell for 15s. or even JE1. It* 
size is 6Jin. by 4in. Mr. Bronte printed some 
more books of poems and sermons, but only 
two were printed at Halifax. The "Cottage 
Poems" have been re-printed in the Collected 
Works of his daughters, seven volumes, by 
Messrs. Smith, Elder and Co., but without the 
introduction, and will be found in the same 
volume as "The Professor." Recent publisher* 
also have included it in the "Bronte Works," 
bat the only collection of the Rev. Patrick 
Bronte's Works is the one edited by J. Horsfall 
Turner, in crown 8vo., and in quarto size, large 
paper copies. This was issued in 1898, at be. 
(or 10s.). and contains 304 pages, with many 
illustrations. 



36 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 




REV. P. BRONTE (in old age). 

THE RURAL MINSTREL : 
A Miscellany of Descriptive Poems. 

By the Rev. P. Bronte, A.B.. 
Minister of Hartshead-cum-Clifton. 
Halifax, P. K. Holden, for the Author. 1813. 
This little volume matches the earlier one 
in size. Pages xii., 108. This book is quite as 
rare as the "Cottage Poems," and has not been 
re-printed except in my "Collected Works and 
Life of Rev. P. Bronte." 

The Cottage in the Wood" and "The Maid 
of Killarney" were printed at Bradford, as 
also two pamphlets, and two other pamphlets 
were printed at Keighley. 

We next come to a sermon printed at Halifax, 
demy 8vo. size, namely : 

A FUNERAL SERMON 

for the late 

REV. WILLIAM WEIGHTMAN, M.A., 

Preached in the Church of Haworth (Oct. 2, 

1842.) by the Rev. Patrick Bronte, A.B. 

Incumbent. 

Halifax, J. U. Walker, George Street. 1842. 

There are 16 pages, besides cover; price 6d. 

This was re-printed by Mr. Brown, a nephew 

of my friend Martha Brown, about 1886, and it 

is copied literation into the "Works." 1898. 

Further notices of Bronte literature must be 

found (so far as Halifax parish is concerned) 

in the books written or edited by Mr. F. A. 



Ley land and also in my list. Mr. Leyland, in 
two volumes, dwelt on "The Bronte Family," 
;md I have edited "Charlotte Bronte's Letters," 
copied almost in bulk by Mr. Clement Shorter, 
and also other Haworth and Bronte works. 

The only son of the Rev. P. Bronte wag for 
a time clerk on the railway at Lud den den foot; 
the Rev. Sutcliffe Sowden and his brother the 
Rev. Canon George Sowden. natives of Lower 
Sliibden-dale, were intimate friends of Mr. 
Bronte and his family. 



XXVI.--BAPTIST PIONEERS, (a) WILLIAM 
MITCHEL. 

William Mitohel and his cousin David 
Crossley were natives of Heptonstall district, 
living near the Lancashire border, this side of 
Todmorden. Crossley was seven years younger 
than Mitchel, but had joined a dissenting 
community in Rossendale or at Barnoldsvvick 
some time before his cousin, who united him- 
self with them in 1681, when in his nineteenth 
year. The young man and his boy cousin 
trudged over the many wearisome mountain- 
ous miles, on dark nights and in stormy weath- 
er, to join the faithful, persecuted few who had 
continued to hold services. Down to 1696 the 
Rossendale dissenting church had its members 
living so far away as Keighley, Gildensome 
(near Leeds), Rodhill-eiid (near HeptonstalF). 
&c. About 1685 Mitchel became a preacher, 
but the history of the religious society in Ro&- 
eendale is almost completely lost. We know 
certainly that he was the recognised pastor 
there in 1692, for he is so stated in the trust 
deed" 1 of the chapel erected at Bacup for him 
and David Crossley in that year. But he lab- 
oured more as an itinerant minister than a 
settled pastor, much of his preaching being 
done secretly and in lonely places. How far he 
was connected with Barnoldswick does not 
appear, the early history being as mystified aa 
that of Rossendale. The Bacup trust-deed of 
1692 states that the chapel there was erected 
for the use of Mr. David Crossley and" 
Mr. William Mitchel, both from Yorkshire, 
preachers of the Word of God and of the doc- 
trine of Christ, to pray, preach and worship 
in. and in their absence for all such like- 
ministers now called Protestant Dissenters. 
Neither the preachers nor the congregation at 
Bacup were Baptists at that time, but by 17(KP 
they had become such, for a number of persons 
were transferred by membership from Clough- 
fold to form a Baptist Church at Rodhill-end" 
and Stone Slack in Heptonstall. in that year. 
Before they became Baptists, the cousins had' 
established and ministered to a number of con- 
gregations, and David Crossley was the first 
to be baptised, having gone as far as Brooms- 
grove, in Worcestershire, to observe the rite, 
August 16th, 1692. Five years earlier Crossley 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



37 



had attended the services of John Bunyan. the 
Bedford tinker, in London, and received some 
preparation as an evangelist from the wonder- 
ful Dreamer. Bunyan died in 1688. and the 
youthful David returned to Yorkshire, hut evi- 
dently had not been immersed at that time. 
Mitchel followed the example of his young 
cousin by taking the ceremony, and the con- 
gregations, hitherto Independents, became also 
Baptists. Up to the time of his death. Febru- 
ary 18th, 1705, Mitchel remained nominally 
the pastor of the Roesendale Church, but he pre- 
sided for some time at least as the first min- 
ister of the Baptist ca,use at Rawdon, and was 
regarded as such to the time of his death as 
shewn by a manuscript volume preserved by 
the late Mr. Grimshaw, of Little London, which 
he showed me nearly thirty years ago. Mitchel, 
though lacking ministerial tuition and scholar- 
ship, was a man of great natural abilities, but 
somewhat rough in speech and unpolished in 
manners. He was master of a few fundament- 
ale, as theology was then taught, and with a 
crptivating and earnest eloquence he reached 
the consciences of his own class. He was 
author of a published sermon entitled " The 
Mystery and Power of Faith." which I have 
not seen, but after long searching I secured his 
pamphlet, entitled ns under: 

JACHIN AND BOAZ : 

or an 
EPITOME 

Of the Doctrine and Discipline Instituted 
by Christ in the Churches of the New 

Testament. 

Left as a Dying Legacy to the Faithful; 
especially them of his Acquaintance in the 

North-Country. 
By William Mitchill. 

London, 1707; email octavo, pages viii., 44. 
Pages iii. to viii. give the Preface by " D. 
Crosley," addressed to the congregations of 
West Yorkshire and East Lancashire, wherein 
Crossley pays that the author placed the manu- 
script in his hands five years before for publi- 
cation as a legacy, but the temporary recovery 
from illness delayed its publication. In this 
preface we also learn that Mitchel was twice 
apprehended under the Conventicle A,ct. first 
at Goodshaw Chapel in Lancashire, and sec- 
ondly near Bradford, whence he was carried to 
York Castle, where he lay till released by 
means of Walter Calverley. Esq., a few days 
before King James proclaimed Liberty (1687). 
The booklet is a synopsis of Christian Faith 
and Duty in paragraphs under various topics- 
God, Trinity, EBection, Scriptures, Baptism, 
Discipline, &c. In 1827 the Rev. Thomas BttT- 
ney, of the Welsh Baptist Church in Liverpool, 
brought out a second edition, printed at Chest- 
er, and although nearly a thousand copies wer 
sold in a few days, there is seldom one heard 
of now. A third edition was announced, but 



not issued, except as a Welsh translation (by 
a clergyman of the Established Church, the 
Rev. Henry Griffiths, Llandrygan, Anglesea),. 
published by Mr. Blarney in 1K28. I have 
never seen either of Mr. Blaynoy's issues. The 
Welsh Baptists probably may have a few cop- 
ies in their libraries, but Welshmen have had 
to search long before finding a copy of either 
edition. Jachin and BOH z the two pillars of 
Solomon's Temple are taken as representative- 
of Doctrine and Discipline. He repudiates 
Autinomianism. He is referred to In Hunter's 
"Oliver Heywood." Dowson's "Bapi-t Centen- 
ary." Bradford, refers to two manuscript vol- 
umes in William Mitchel's writing, lent to 
Mr. Dowson by the Rev. George Mitchell, of 
Bacup. dated September, 1700: (1) Exposition 
of Ezekiel xxxvii.. 1-4; (2) "The Difference and 
Passage betwixt Egypt and Canaan, or the 
soul's tedious journey." Worn out with con- 
stant toil and persecution. Mitchel died in 
February, 1705. in his forty-second year, hi* 
successor at Cloughfold. Richard Aehworth, 
writing a poetical epitaph for liis gravestone. 



XXVII. BAPTIST PIONEERS. (b) DAVID 
CROSSLEY. 

The notice of William Mitchel has prepared 
us slightly for this sketch of his cousin David 
Crossley. who issued and wrote the preface for 
Mitchel's "Jachin and Boaz." As he was seven 
years younger than Mitchel. we learn that he 
must have been born about January. 1669, and 
Heptonstall Chapelry was his birthplace. He- 
was about twelve when he joined a religious 
dissenting community supposed to have been 
in Rossendale, though possibly Barnoldswick 
may claim the relationship. He was from 
1681 the constant companion of William 
Mitchel on preaching excursions, and some- 
years later took services himself. David wn 
brought up by an aged, pious aunt, and though 

so young had great influence on his cousin 
William, who became seriously inclined after 
th death of Mitchel's brother. In the pre- 
face to "Jachin and Boaz" David says: 
have not seen a. more speedy, entire, and 
effectual change in any, than I was a daily 
e\v witness to in him (Mitchel). Though seven 
years younger, and in Christ before him. how 
soon did he come up with me, and as one not 

able to brook my dilatory steps he as soon 
outwent me. ... In reading, meditation, 
and prayer he was unwearied. In going to 
hear the' Word of God through miles in dark 
ni"ht. and over dismal mountains. I and oth 
ers who were his constant companions, must 
gay he was no leas indefatigable." 
Mitchel was an acknowledged preacher, a 
Crassley soon afterwards. Bacup chapel was 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



erected for them in 1692, but they were both 
considerable itinerants. David says in the 
forementioned preface: "It pleased God to put 
me also into the work, and by HP jointly to 
carry it on till the number of hearers was so 
great that we had above twenty several meet- 
ing-places legally certified, which we attended 
by course with all frequency. I remember I 
myself have lodged in above two hundred of 

your several houses on behalf of my unworthy 
services in the Gospel." Thus we learn that 
they anticipated Ingham, Wesley, and Whit- 
field as itinerant preachers. Like John Nel- 
son, the Birstal mason, but before this noted 
Methodist was born, Crossley, who was of the 
same trade, was working at his calling during 
the day, reading sermons to his aunt from 
boyhood, became a devoted disciple at twelve, 
and a local preacher soon afterwards. It is 
said he read his own competitions to his aunt, 
both from manuscript and memory, without 
lotting her know the source, until he got her 
criticisms. For some reason or other, either 
trade or religious curiosity took him to Lon- 
don in his teens, and there he became acquaint- 
ed with John Bunyan, whose help and friend- 
ship he highly valued. Bunyan died in 1688, 
nd Crossley is said to have been engaged then 
as a constant evangelist in London, and to 
have remained such until the close of 1691. 
It is certain he was a welcome visitor at the 
house of Mr. Strudwick, where Bunyan had 
died, at the foot of Snow Hill. From a Tur- 
key tapestry hanging in the dining-room he 
gathered the ideas of a sermon, which he 
preadhed in Spitalfields (Pomfret'e dwelling- 
house), July 28th. 1691, on "Samson, a type of 
Christ." This sermon was published by ur- 
gent and general request, and re-printed fifty- 
three years afterwards. A bookseller who 
heard it delivered asked the congregation, be- 
fore Mr. Crossley left the pulpit, to press the 
author to allow him to print it at his own 
expense, and as several had taken shorthand 
notes, the sermon was written out, and a 
thousand copies printed. The author was then 
twenty-two and a half. Shortly afterwards he 
returned to Bacup to join his cousin in the 
district work, and in August, a few months 
later, he went to Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, 
to be immersed as a Baptist minister. Mr. 
Etecles, the minister there, gave him an open 
certificate as a Baptist minister, and his first 
charge as such was amongst friends, possibly 
relatives, at Barnoldswick, in 1694 and 1695, 
though in 1693 the trust deed at Bacup shews 
he was labouring with Mitchel; and the Bar- 
noldswick deed of 1694 proves that he secured 
thfl preaching-house and property at Barnolds- 
wick in that year. In May, 1695, he accepted 
the charge of a congregation of Baptists at 
Tottlebank, beyond Morecambe Bay, in Furn- 
ess. Bight years later, at a great financial 



sacrifice, he conveyed the Barnoldswick pro- 
perty to trustees for the Baptist congregation. 
In 1705 he removed to London to become pa.stor 
of the church previously held by HSUIKIM! 
Knollys. He only remained a few years, a 
serious charge having been preferred against 
him from Rossendale. So late as 1719 he was 
ia trouble, and under censure, as shown by the 
Bawdon meeting of the Association, and in 
1720 he wrote a poem entitled "Adam, where 
art thou?" in which he expresses penitence, 
and, after a time, regained favour and popu- 
larity, being chosen pastor at Bacup. His 
"Sampson, a type of Christ," passed through 
three editions. He also published "The Old 
Man's Legacy to his Daughter," "Plain, Hon- 
est Directions and Christian Counsels." "Expo- 
sition of Ephesians V., 22-23," and "Triumph 
of Sovereign Grace." He died near Good^haw, 
Lancashire, March 7th, 1744, aged 75, a preach- 
er for 57 years, and wa,s buried in the church- 
yard there. During his later years he enjoyed 
the friendship and won a splendid eulogy from 
the orator-evangelist, George Whitfield. 

The only book I have by this author is a 
small octavo of 127 pages: 

Triumph of Sovereign Grace, 
Or a Brand pluckt out of the Fire: 

Being the substance of a Funeral Discourse 
preached at Bacup, May 23. 1742, at the request 
and on occasion of the death of Lau. BritoHffe, 

late of Clivisher near Burnley, who was exe- 
cuted at Lancaster at the Lent Assizes, 1742, 
with a brief rehearsal, &c., &c. Enlarged, &c. 

by David Croslv, minister. Manchester, R. 
Whitworth, 1743. 



XXVHL BAPTIST PIONEERS, (c) DAN 

TAYLOR. 

A demy octavo book containing viii. and 328 
pages, with a frontispiece portrait of the Rev. 
Dan Taylor, aged 71, is a volume of both rarity 
and interest. The title page reads: 

MEMOIRS 

of the 

REV. DAN TAYLOR, 
Late Pastor of the General Baptist Church, 

Whitechapel, London; 
With extracts from his diary, &c.; 

By Adam Taylor. London, 1820. 

Dan Taylor was the founder of the " New 
Connection of General Baptists," and claims as 
such special mention as a Halifax author. I 
do not at present know what relationship 
Adam Taylor bore to Dan, but in the preface 
to the Memoirs he states that he was "closely 
connected." Adam Taylor wrote a history of 
the denomination in two volumes, London, 
1818, which sell for 12s. We shall have to 
refer to this history afterwards. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



39 



Adam Taylor, born 1650, removed from Lan- 
cashire in 1680 into the West Riding of York- 
shire, and rented some land in Northowram, 

called Ho r Ivy Green. He was twice married 
and had eleven children. In February, 1714, 

three of his sons and three daughters died of 
smallpox, namely, Tamar, Terah, Zara, Er, 

Abiah, and Tirzah, and on January 27. 1727, 
h? died at the age of seventy-six, and was 

buried in the s.mu> grave in Halifax Church- 
yard. (See my printed volume of "Noncon- 
formist Register." by Hey wood and Dickenson). 
Azor the twentieth child was born in 1711, 
and he was twice married; the second child 
of Iho second marriage was Dan, born at Sour 
Milk Hall, December 21, 1738. Before he was 
five years old he was noticed as being able to 
read the "hard chapter," Neh. x. At five years 
of age he accompanied hie father to work in a 

coal pit. For some years he saw very 

little of the sun except on Sundays, and 

consequently he became stunted in growth. At 
one time water burst into the pit and he barely 
escaped drowning. When about fifteen he and 
hi.s brother John attended Methodist services 
at Halifax, and often went as far as Haworth 
to hear Mr. Grimshaw. At sixteen Dan was 
"confirmed" by a bishop, but John, who was 
four years younger, refused. At this time they 
attended also the Particailar Baptist Mission 
in Halifax. On the death of their mother in 
September, 1758, the brothers lived together in 
a hired room in Halifax, and at spare moments 
were tutored by Mr. Titus Knight, who was 

then a Methodist, and taught a school. A year 
later. 1760, Dan went to lodge with a Metho- 
dist miner, and in September, 1761, after the 
minister's persistency, he /preached for the 
first time at a cottage meeting at Hipperholme. 
At midsummer, 1762. Dan left the Methodists; 
with Titus Knight, of Halifax, and James 
Crossley, of Holmhouse^ Luddenden, who be- 
came Independent ministers and authors. 
About August, 1762, by request of some Metho- 
dist seceeders at the Nook in Wadsworth. he 
preached to them peveral times in the open 
air. Next month he removed there, and left 
the coal pit, and opened a room for school 
teaching and preaching. He became a convert 
to Adult Baptism, but the Particular Baptists 
of the district refused to baptise him on ac- 
count of some theological difference. He and 
John Slater heard that there was a minister 
at Boston, in Lincolnshire, who held their 
views, and on February 11, 1763, they set out 

to walk the hundred and twenty miles to see 
him. The first night they lodged on a hay- 
stack, surrounded by flooded meadows. Next 
night an innkeeper told them of a similar 
minister eight miles away, and they retraced 
their steps to his house at Oamston, and Mr. 
Jeffrey baptised Taylor in the river there, 
February 16th. On their return Slater was 



baptised by Taylor amid local excitement and 
opposition. In May, 1763, Taylor attended the 
General Baptist Association meeting at Lin- 
coln, and the Boston preacher (Mr. William 
Thompson) came back to Wadsrworth with 
Taylor and established a society of fourteen 
members, and on July 30th, DBJI Taylor was 
ordained the pastor. The pastor preached, 
and had collections for a chapel to be built 
near Hebden Bridge, clearing 22 by services 
in LincJoJnshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire, 
Notts., etc., and another adventure in the 
eame localities brought him .40 and a horse. 
In 1763 Taylor issued his first publication, a 
poem, well-intentioned if not classical, an 
"Elegy on the Eev. Mr. Grim&haw, of Ha- 
worth." The chapel was built at BirchclifF. 
about a quarter of a mile from the first meet- 
ing house. In November, 1764, Taylor mar- 
ried Elizabeth Saltonstall. and they "had thir- 
teen children. In 1764 he also published a 
sermon "The Absolute Necessity of Searching 
the Scriptures." In 1765 he visited Societies 
i.i Lincolnshire, etc.. and found that he dif- 
fered on some subjects from the ministers 
there. 



No. XXIX. BAPTIST PIONEERS. 
ic) DAN TAYLOR. Continued. 

In 1766 his Association Sermon, Lin- 
colnshire, was published, "The faithful and 
wise steward." This was printed at Leeds by 
Griffith Wright, 12mo., 71 pages. The second 
part of the address was afterwards issued sep- 
arately. " The weak Christian encouraged." 
The third edition, dated Wadsworth, 1777, 
12mo., 24(pp., was printed at Leeds by G. 
Wright under the title of "Scripture Direc- 
tions to Feeble Christians." He took jour- 
neys into Lincolnshire, London, &c., in 
1767. His two infant children died of smallpox 
in January, 1768. At this time he printed two 
discourses: "The Mourning Parent comforted." 
His first polemical work. 1768, was "An humble 
essay on Christian Baptism," which was issued 
anonymously. A copy in Rawdon College Lib- 
rary, 12mo., 70 pages, was printed in Leeds by 
G. Wright, 1766. In 1769 a gallery was added 
to the Wadsworth Chapel. From 1769 he and 
Mr. Fawcett (afterwards Dr. F.) instituted u 
Book Society in Heptonstall for circulating 
volumes to subscribers. Mr. Taylor was 00 fre- 
quently absent from his school duties that he 
got an assistant Mr. G. Birley, 1765-8, after- 
wards Gen. Bap. Minister at St. Ives, and Mr. 
John Sutcliffe for some time before going to 
Bristol Academy. He settled as Particular 
Baptist at Olney. Mr. Sutcliffe was a great 
book collector, and his library after his death 
in 1814, June 22, came by bequest to Horton 
College, and is now at Rawdon. I have spent 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



several days at Rawdon College lately examin- 
ing this unique theological library, where large 
folios and quartos abound, dating from 1590 
to 1800. Mr. Sutcliffe deserves mentioning in 
OTir list as an early, eminent biblophile. Mr. 
Taylor (as Philanthropes) about 1769 published 
an abridgement of Dr. Cheyue's "Rules and 
Observations for Health and Long Life." Leeds, 
G. Wright and Son, no date, 12mo., 23pp. In 
1770 he and ten other ministers from the Mid- 
lands established the "New Connection of Gen- 
eral Baptists," and from this time Mr. Taylor 
was constantly addressing large congregations 
in the Midlands and London. From 1771 he 
found it necessary to open a shop to add to 
his income, but it added very little. He pub- 
lished a hymn book for the New Connection 
in 1772. Under the signature Philagathus he 
issued a tract in verse against the socinianism 
of Priestley (Leeds) and Graham (Halifax). It 
was entitled "A Practical Improvement of the 
Divinity and Atonement of Jesus." In Feb., 
1772, Mr. Taylor issued a pamphlet of 100 
pages, 12mo., entitled "The Scriptural Account 
of the Way of Salvation in Two Parts," in 
answer to Mr. Graham's "Repentance the only- 
Condition of Final Acceptance." preached at 
Leeds, Sept., 1771. In 1772, Mr. Birley printed 
for him a pamphlet on mixed communion in 
answer to "Candidus" : "Camlidus examined 
with candour, &c., by Philalethes." The same 
year he compiled the "Circular Letter" for 
the Annual Association. He was constantly 
travelling, and in November aided hie brother 
John to found the cause at Queenshead, where 
John became the pastor, and a chapel was 
built in 1773. The brothers began to hold min- 
isters' meetings, and other ministers joined 
them in time until the Yorkshire Conference 
grew out of the assembly. Mr. Dan Taylor 
collected over .65 by preaching in the Mid- 
lauds towards the Queenshead (now Queens- 
bury) Chapel. The chapel was opened Sept. 
29th, and John was ordained next day. For 
46 years Mr. Dan Taylor presided at the yearly 
meetings of the New Connection, except in 1773 
when he pressed his oldest ministerial friend 
to take it. In 1774 he gave up his shop, and 
took a farm at Hirst, where he had a few 
boarders. In 1775 he gave the charge at an 
ordination at Great Yarmouth: this in pamph- 
let form was printed. In 1775 he published 
his chief book, "Fundamentals of Religion," 
dated from Wadsworth, March 4. It is a 
1'Jiuo., 358 pages, printed at Leeds. He was 
constantly employed as a farmer, schoolmaster, 
jmblisher, preacher at home and abroad. "A 
looking-glass for Youth" was a tract printed 
for scholars; as also "Entertainment and Pro- 
fit united, or Elasy Verses on Christianity,'' 
two editions, and "Christmas Verses." "The 
Hrmble Eeeay on Christian Baptism" had be- 
come very rare, so with difficulty Mr. Taylor 



got a copy and re-printed it with his name 
this time. On Sept. 3, 1777, the Halifax Chapel 
was opened, and the two brothers preached. 
They had opened Shore Chapel shortly before; 
#nd the cause at Birchencliffe (Wadsworth) 
cci- tinned to prosper. In 1778 Mr. Dan Taylor 
took seven journeys to beg for money for pay- 
ing the debt on Halifax Chapel. The "Annual 
Letter" was issued by him as usual; and dur- 
ing the year he preached 290 timer*. In 1779 
he composed a "Catechism for Children and 
Youth," issued next year, and before 1820 had 
passed through eleven editions. The 2nd edi- 
tion, 12mo., 36 pp., was printed by G. Wright, 
Leeds. "An Essay on the right use of Earthly 
Treasure" was issued in 1780, 24 closely printed 
pages, 12mo., 2d., printed by G. Wright, dated 
from Hirst in Wadsworth. A discussion from 
the "Leeds Intelligencer," Aug., 1780, was re- 
printed by Mr. Taylor respecting Christ's div- 
inity. He wrote under the signature "Scru- 
tator," and next year issued another tract in 
reply to "Responsor's" rejoinder, 2nd edition, 
Leeds. J. Bowling, 1781, 12mo., 24 pp. The 
Halifax Church formed into a separate society 
from Queenshead at the beginning of 1782, in- 
vited Mr. Dan Taylor to leave Wadsworth; 
and the Amnial Association advised him to 
take Halifax for six months, whilst Mr. J. 
Sutcliffe should take Wadsworth. In 1782 Mr. 
Dan Taylor printed a funeral sermon on Mrs. 
Birley, St. Ives, entitled "The Stroke of Death." 
In 1784 Mr. Taylor settled completely at Hali- 
fax, except for his constant journeys to the 
Midlands and London. He published a book 
of 160 pages, 12mo., at the beginning of the 
year on "The Consistent Christian," dedicated 
to the Wadsworth congregation, over whom 
Mr. Sutcliffe was ordained at Eiaster, 1784. 
The Whitechapel General Baptist Society, after 
existing 130 years, had declined to one hundred 
and fifty members in 1785, and Mr. D. Taylor 
was asked to remove thence from Halifax. He 
had nine children, including twins a few weeks 
old, yet acceded to the general request. About 

1785 he printed a sermon on "Our Saviour's 
Commission explained and improved." Leeds, 
Thomas Wright, no date, 12mo., 48 pp. In 

1786 he published a "Dissertation on Singing 
in the Worship of God," 12mo., 72 pp., London 
printed; also "Observations on the Rev. A. 
Fuller's pamphlet 'The Gospel of Christ 
worthy of all Acceptation." signed "Philan- 
thropes. This is a 12mo., 142 pages. Mr. Ful- 
ler replied, and in 1787 Mr. Taylor issued "Ob- 
servations on Mr. Fuller's reply to Philan- 
thrope?," in thirteen letters to which Mr. Tay- 
lor appended his name. A second edition of 
tho thirteen letters was issued. "Agnostos" 
(Mr. Fuller) replied in 1790, 92 pages, 12mo.. 
t) which Mr. Taylor replied in a tract "The 
Friendly Conclusion"; 12mo., 28 pages, Lon- 
don, 1790. In 1786 Mr. Tavlor officiated at the 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



ordination of Mr. Deacon, an old pupil, at 
Leicester, the pamphlet record extends to fso 
pages, 12mo. ; also at the ordination of Mr. 
Birley, St. Ives, printed, hi 1787 he published 
"\ Second Dirsertation on Singing in the 
Worship of God," 12mo., 80pp.. London printed 
Next year he issued a second edition of the 
"Thirteen Letters to Mr. Fuller." In 1789 ho 
printed "The Interposition of Providence in 
the Recovery of His Majesty Geo. III., and 
the Association Letters on "Inspiration." "A 
Compendious View of the Nature and Import- 
ance of Christian Baptism," issued in 1789, 
passed through seven editions in his life-tim<?. 
The 2nd edition. 12mo.. 24 pp., is dated 1789. 
The same year was printed "The E/ternity of 
Future Punishment," and "The Eternity, &c., 
re-asserted." In August, 1790. he published an 
octavo volume, of nearly 200 pages, on "An 
on the Truth and Inspiration of the 
Holy Scriptures," a work which even Chalmerg 
an 1 Dick scarcely superseded. In 1791, to add 
to his narrow income, he opened a bookseller's 
shop and resided on the premises in Bishops- 
gate-street, and published a sale catalogue. In 
1791 he added a Nonconformist catechism to 
his future editions of the Cnt~chism for Youth. 
The third edition of "Nature of Christian Bap- 
tism," 12mo., 24 pp.. wns printed in London, 
1792. On the death of his wifo at the close of 
179i> he preached her funeral sermon, and in 
1794 printed it with an Account of her Life 
and Character. In 1796 he printed "Memoirs 
of the lat? Eev. Wm. Thompson, of Boston, 
Lincolnshire, to which is prefixed a discourse 
occasioned by his death. Left with nine child- 
ren, eight of them daughters, he found it de- 
sirable to marry a second time. In 1795 he had 
issued a Fast sermon : "The Cause of National 
Calamities," and printed, as usual, the Associ- 
ation Letter on the " Depravity of Human 
Nature." Besides these, in 1795 he published 
a funeral sermon on Dr. Stennett, entitled "A 
Good Minister of Jesus Christ." In 1796 the 
circular letter, "Duties of Church Members.'' 
was issued in two forms. Next year he under- 
took to train a few ministers, and to publish 
monthly "The General Baotist Magazine," Jan. 
1798, to Dec., 1800, when it became extinct. In 
1802 he prepared a new edition of the "Funda- 
mentals of Religion." under the title "The 
Principal Parts of the Christian Religion." An 
address to his students and subscribers on 
"Preparatory Studies prior to entering the 
"Ministry" was printed in 1806. In the same 
year he edited a sale catalogue of the Library 
of the late Abraham Booth. In 1809 he pub- 
lished, in reply to a Unitarian pamphlet, seven 
letters on "Jesus, the only begotten Son of 
God." At the close of 1810 his nephew, James 
Taylor, was ordained minister at Heptonstall 
Slock. Next year, aged 72, he married a third 
time, but was shortly afterwards left a widower. 



In 1812 his connection with the Academy ter- 
minated. In 1814, then over 76 years old, he 
pi-cached a do/.en times in nine day s about 
Halifax parish; and was constantly on the 
move thionghout Mid. and South England, 
preaching during the year, and he remained to. 
the time of his death one of the most popular 
ministers of London. In Oct., 1816, he .married 
a fourth time, but on Dec. 5th the industrious 
and worthy man was buried in Knnhill Fields, 
near John Bunyau. Daniel De Fo , and other 
worthies. At least a dozen of the Circular 
Letters of the Annual Meetings issued by him 
were printed, and he presided and virtually 
ruled over the Association that he founded for 
fii'i.y years. 



XXX. BOSCO, BOIS, BOVSE [WOOD.j 

The old manor rolls and charters ot thin 
district, as may been seen in the "History of 
Hipperholme-cum-Brighouse, ' frequently refer 
to a family who, from living near a wood, took 
the name Wood as a surname, which was ren- 
deied in the Latin writings. Bosco or Bois, or 
Bcyse. Thus John de Bosco, John de la Bois. 
John Boyse, and John Wood have all a similar 
origin. Johannes de Sacro Bosco was claimed 
by Midgley (BenHey, 49) and Wright (p. 137> 
as a native of Halifax parish. Midgley prob- 
ably based the claim on tradition, and Wright 
on a passage in Leland's Commentary of Brit- 
ish Writers, p. 353, which makes the mistake 
of thinking that Halifax and Holy Wood are 
identical. Like Mr. Watson, I have never met 
with the name Sacro Bosco in any ancient, 
local deid, though I have seen Sacro Fontem, 
Holywell, both at Stainland and other places. 
Quite as reliable authority gives Holywood, 
near Dublin, as his birth-place, and Dempster 
asserted that he was a Scotchman, of Sacer 
Bcscus Monastery, now Holywood. Thoresby, 
of Leeds (page 194) states that the astronomer 
lay on his back on the hill at Halifax to ob- 
serve the motion of the stars, when he wrote 
his celebrated book "De Sphera." Mr. Watson 
stretches his imagination un-neceesarily in 
stating that if Halifax has any claim to Holy- 
wood's birth-place, the most likely home for 
him was at Chapel-le-Groves, Sonthowram, "a 
place for the exercise of religion in very early 
times, perhaps as far back as that of the 
Druids." The fiction (if it be a fiction) has got 
perpetuated on the old Corporation Seal at 
Halifax, which represented a man holding up 
a globe in his hand, and the same seal per- 
petuates another legend, namely a virgin hung 
in a tree by her hair, alluding to the common 
story of the young woman being put to death 
by a priest, which is again based on an errone- 
ous etymology of the name Halifax from Holy 
hair. Both Holy-wood and Holy-hair are false 



42 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



etymologies. I fear we eaii lay poor calim for 
this author, but possibly neither Scotland nor 
Ireland can prove that he was not a Halifax 
man. There is a copy of one edition of hie 
"De Sphera" in Halifax Free Library. Of 
oouree the work is in Latin, and many editions, 
printed abroad, are very rare, and consequently 
ccstly. .They generally fetch two or three 
pounds at sales. The Venice edition bears 
date 1499: Sphera Mundi cum tribus com- 
mentis Cicchi Esculani, Francisci Capuani, et 
Jac. Stapulensis. 

John Boyee, or Boyes, was an assistant 
clergyman under the celebrated Dr. Favour, 
Vicar of Halifax. He was a native of the 
parish, and at his death gave by will, dated 
July 14, 1619, the sum of eight pounds to be 
lent to the poor of Halifax, his trustees being 
Dr. Favour, William Boyee his brother, John 
Boyes, of Halifax, Humphry Drake, Samuel 
Lister, John Whiteley, and William Whitaker. 
In Thoresby's Museum, Leeds, was a Manu- 
script Catechism, wherein he catechized the 
congregation at Halifax, but it is doubtful 
whether he printed any book. 

William Bois was a native of Halifax, and 
was instructed in music and singing, wherein 
he afterwards attained great proficiency. He 
continued his education at Cambridge but hav- 
ing a dislike to Popery he was obliged, in the 
time of Queen Mary I., to retire to a place of 
safety at Nettlestead, near Hadley, in Suffolk, 
where though ho had taken orders he lived as 
a layman, and became farmer, and married 
Mirable Poolye, gentlewoman, who survived 
him ten years. On the accession of Elizabeth, 
urged by his wife, he became curate and event- 
ually rector of Elmesett, near Hadley, and 
afterwards rector of West Stow, his brother- 
in-law being the patron. He reached the age 
of 67, and we learn from Peck's Desiderata 
Curiosa, viii., 38, that "he was excellently well 
learned in the Hebrew and Greek, which, con- 
sidering the time in which he lived, was al- 
most a miracle." He does not seem to have 
published anything, but his son (the only child 
to reach maturity), Dr. John Bois, born Jan. 
3, 1560, proved an ornament to his country, 
having had a considerable hand in the trans- 
lation of the authorised version of the Bible. 
Though we cannot claim Dr. John as a Halifax 
man, we may briefly indicate some of his im- 
portant works: 

1. Workes of John Boys, Doctor in Divinitie 
and Deane of Canterburie, folio, 1622. 

2. Other editions 1630, 1638. These sell for 
10s. or 14s. each. 

3. Exposition of all the principal Scriptures 
used in our English Liturgie; small quarto, 
1610. 

4. Exposition of Festival Epistles and Gos- 
pels, three parts, small 4to. 

5. Exposition of the Last Pealme. 



6. Exposition of the Proper Psalmes, two 
parts, small quarto, 1617. 

7. Remains; quarto, 1631. 

8. Veteris Interpretis cum Beza: the four 
Evangelists and the Acts; 1655, 8vo., is attri- 
buted to him. 

Another J. Boyse, of Yorkshire family, was a 
celebrated Nonconformist at Dublin, and not- 
able author. His "Sacramental Hymns." 1693, 
and the second edition, "A Collection of Psalms 
and Hymns," 1704, are priced in a catalogue 
at ten guineas. " Remarks on Archbishop 
King's Inventions of Men in the Worship of 
God," small 8vo., 1694; "Discourses on the 
Fcur Last Things, 1724, Dublin, are reparate 
publications; the Works of the Rev. Joseph 
Boyse, of Dublin, were issued in two folio vol- 
umes, London, 1728. 

A Richard Boyes was curate (or incumbent 
we should say) of St. Ann's, Southowram, in 
1663, but was not an author, I think. 



XXXI. STRAY SERMONS. 

Eli Bentley was born at Bentley Hollins in 
Sowerby township, and became Fellow of Trin- 
ity College, Cambridge. In August, 1652, he 
became assistant to the Rev. Robert Booth at 
Halifax Parish Church, and after Mr. Booth's 
death, he continued alone until the ejections, 
August, 1662. He fled to Bingley and elsewhere 
before the Five Mile Act. and is often mention- 
ed in Oliver Heywood's "Diaries." In 1672 he 
returned to Halifax, and preached in his own 
house, but in 1675, at the age of 49, he died, 
Jtily 31st. He was a man of mild disposition 
and greatly esteemed. Calamy states that he 
was author of an explanation of one of St. 
Paul's epistles, which was printed, but this 
requires confirmation. 

Brian Bentley, the Halifax poet, who died 
in 1679, as stated by Hey wood, is now disting- 
uished as the local poet of whose writing not 
a solitary line in print or manuscript has been 
preserved. 

The Rev. Robert Brereton, curate of Ludden- 
den, and Chaplain to Colonel Houghton's Regi- 
ment, published a sermon on Eccles. xii., 13, 
entitled "The Great Duty of Fearing God and 
Keeping His Commandments, with their ad- 
vantage (if daily observed) to mankind while 
on earth," preached in the Chapel of Ludden- 
den, May 24, 1741. This was printed by James 
Lister, of Leeds, and bears also a short address 
to the inhabitants of Midgley, Luddenden and 
Warley, in which he tells them that his sin- 
cere desire to promote virtue and holiness was 
the reason of its being sent amongst them. 
Mr. Brereton in 1773 was one of the joint rec- 
tors in Liverpool. 

The Rev. Joshua Crowther, a native of Ell- 
and, was a dissenting minister, but afterwards 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



43 



conformed, and hy the favours of Archbishop 
Herrin and Lord Irwin was advanced to the 
Vicarage of Otley. He published a sermon. 

The Rev. William Graham, a dissenting min- 
ister at Warley Chapel, and a Halifax resident, 
took a Scotch degree in Arts, and was author 
ot a t->ernion, on Matth. x., 34, preached at 
Kingston-upon-Hull, June 21, 1758. at the ordin- 
ation of the Rev. John Beverley. London, 
1759. The object was to vindicate Christianity 
from the charge of promoting disorders in 
society, whether civil or sacred, and to enquire 
whence such arose, and to what causes we 
must ascribe them. 

Bennmin Patchit. mentioned under our no- 
tice of James Ritchie, was an inhabitant of 
Upper Saltonstall in Warley. He published a 
pamphlet entitled "A Short Inquiry into the 
Proper Qualifications of Gospel Ministers, con- 
sidered as the servants not of men bat of 
Jesus Christ; with some Directions how we 
who are hearers may know whether the doc- 
trines our ministers deliver from the pulpit are 
according to God's will and mind, or not. And 
also how we are to attend on the Word preach- 
e I in a profitable manner." Halifax, 8vo.. 
1759. Benjamin was no small thorn in the 
parson's flesh. 

The Rev. Henry Roote, friend of Archbishop 
Tillotson before the latter in 1649 engaged at 
Clare-hall, Cambridge, published a 4to. pam- 
phlet entitled "A just apoligie for the Church 
of Duckenfield," in defence of Mr. Baton, past- 
or there, against the charge of Mr. Edwards. 
It is dated from Sowerby, March 2, 1646, Mr. 
Henry Roote was the greatest local advocate 
of Congregationalism at that time. He founded 
the Sowerby Congregational cause after his 
ejection from Sowerby Church, where he min- 
istered from 1645. He had been a student at 
Magdalen College, Cambridge, and had travell- 
ed much in his younger days. He was twice 
imprisoned in York Castle for three months 
for nonconformity, and afterwards sent for six 
months. He died, Oct. 20th, 1669, aged about 
80, and was buried at Sowerby. His son 
Timothy Roote, was curate at Sowerby Bridge 
Chapel in 1661, but was ejected in 1662. After 
long and grevious persecutions he conformed 
after 1685. 



XXXII. PROFESSORS AND SCHOOL- 
MASTERS. 

Henry Brigg, mathematician, was born at 
Daisy Bank Warley Wood, and was baptised 
at Halifax Church, the entry for Feb. 23, 1560, 
giving his name "Henricgus filius Thome Bridge 
da Warley." A long account of him appears 
in "Biographia Britannica," and his life was 
written in Latin by the Rev. Dr. Thomas Smith. 
"Arithmetica Logarithmica," by Henry Briggs 
was published in 1624. nt I ondon, folio i-ize. A 



second edition improved by Adr. Ulacq was 
issued in 1628, and again in 1633 at Goudie, 
both folios. An English translation in folio 
appeared in 1631. It was printed also at 
the end of J. Wells' "Sciographia," London, 
1635, 8vo. 

Joseph Brooksbauk, of Halifax, became a stu- 
dent at Bazen-nose College, in 1632, aged 20, 
and after gaining his degree in arts, he be- 
came a curate, but retired to London to take 
charge of a school in Fleet-street, and exer- 
cised the ministry there. His work* com- 
prise: 

1. Breviate of King's Whole Latin Gram- 
mar, vulgarly called Lilly's-, or a brief gram- 
matical table thereof, &c. This was printed 
at London in 1660, 8vo. 

2. The Well-tuned Organ, or an Exercita- 
tion wherein this Question is fully and largely 
discussed: Whether or no instrumental and 
organioal music be lawful in holy public as- 
semblies: Affirmatur. This also was printed 
in London in 9 sheets quarto, 1660. 

3. Rebels tried and cast, in three sermons, 
on Romans xiii., 2. London, 1661, duodecimo 
size. 

Nathaniel Fletcher, a schoolmaster at Oven- 
den, was author of 

1. A Methodist directed, or a Description 
of their Errors, 

2. The Tradesman's Arithmetic in which is 
shewn the rules of common arithmetic so plain 
and easy that a boy of any tolerable capacity 
may learn them in a week's time without the 
help of a master. Halifax, printed by P. 
Darby. (Published in 1761). 

Edward Topham was schoolmaster at the 
Heath Free Grammar School, near Halifax. He 
published a sermon preached at Selby. He 
was a batchelor of arts, and Fellow of Trinity 
College, Cambridge. He left the University to 
take the Halifax School in 1731, but removed 
in 1733. 

Christopher Taylor, incumbent of St. Ann's, 
Southowram in 1652, joined George Fox, the 
Quaker, as did Captain Thomas Taylor, of 
Brighouse (probably a kinsman), and the Rev. 
Thomas Taylor, of Otley, a native of Skipton, 
brother of Christopher. The brothers were 
voluminous authors, and leading members of 
the Society of Friends. Christopher set up a 
famous school at Waltham Abbey and Edmon- 
ton, but removed to Philadelphia, where he 
died in 1686. His wife, Frances Taylor, died 
in Philadelphia in 1685, and her name appears 
as the writer of a short Epistle to Friends, 
printed at Philadelphia in 1685. As briefly as 
possible we chronicle his tracts: 

1. The Whirlwind of the Lord gone forth as 
a fiery flying roule. London, 4to, 1655, and re- 
printed in 1656, about twenty pages. 

2. A Warning from the Lord: a quarto 
broad sheet. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



3. Certain papers which is the Word of the 
Lord, to Town of Appleby, &c.. quarto, two 
sheets. 

4._A Faithful Witness to the Light; with 
postscript to William Haworth, Independent 
preacher. 2 sheets, quarto, 1675. 

5. Epistle to Friends. 1675, one sheet. 

6. Counterfeit Convert Discovered, by Crook 
and Bayley, with postscript by C.T. on Haw- 
orth's wicked pamphlet. 1676. 

7. Institutions Pietatis, or G. Fox'a In- 
structions of Godliness turned into Latin for 
the use of Christian youth at school, with de- 
clensions, conjugations, &c., an octavo volume, 
printed in 1676. 

8. Compendium Trium Linguarum, Latinse, 
Gnecse and Hebraicse, &c., for youth. C.T. 
waj aided by his assistant, John Ma tern a 
Geiman, in issuing this 8vo. book; London, 
1679. 

9 t _Testimony to the Lord's Power amongst 
children. Quarto pamphlet, 1679. Enlarged 
edition, small 8vo. % 1679, and again in 1680. 

10. Ma.rtha Booth re-wrote the last-named 
record as "An Account of a Divine Visitation 
and Blessing attending the Religious Care and 
Exercise of the Teachers of Waltham Abbey 
School, printed in Philadelphia in 1797, 8vo., 
and reprinted in London, 1799. 12mo. 

11. Epistle of Caution to Friends on Roger's 
treacherous spirit: pamphlet. Ito, 1681. 

12. On Two Malitioug Libels of William 
Rogers, 4to, 1692. 

13. Testimony for Isaac Penington : Pen- 
ington's Works, 1681; for Thomas Taylor: see 
his brother's works, 1697. 



XXXIII. JOHN BARLOW, The Puritan. 



In Oliver Hey wood's Diaries is the record: 
"All those times, for thirty years together 
and upwards to my coming, there was a fam- 
ous Exercise maintained every month at Hali- 
fax, whereat not only neighbour ministers 
pmiohed in their turns, but strangers far and 
near were sent for to preach it; two sermons 
a day, being the last Wednesday in the month ; 
multitudes of hearers. It's said this E'xercii-e 
wa<v maintained in Dr. Favour'.s days (1598- 
1623), who was a great friend to Nonconform- 
ists, maintained two famous men as Lecturers 
at Halifax, whom he shrouded under his auth- 
ority and. interest with the bishop, namely, 
Mr. Boys, banished out of Kent for his Non- 
conformity, a choice man, very laborious in 
the work of the Lord, catechised all the poor, 
expounded to them in the church one day in 
the week, gave them money : I have his cate- 
clusm which he taught them: and Mr. Barlow, 
that writ upon Timothy, a choice man who 
had been shrouded under Dr. Favour. He is 



thought to have removed to Plymouth when 
Dr. Clay sxicceeded to the vicarage. Mr. Ault 
\v;is afterwards Lecturer, but removed to 
Bury-" In another place Heywood tells us that 
Favour and Barlow suppressed the ancient May 
Day revels at Halifax. 

In Dr. Bliss's edition of Wo<*T.s A then. Oxon. 
ii., 551-2, reference will be found to several of 
Mr. Barlow's published sermons, but I have 
not seen any of these. I had to wait until 
Midsummer), 1904, before I could secure a copy 
of his book on Timothy. This is a small 
quarto volume, bearing the title (within an 
engraved portal or arched gateway) : 

An Exposition of the 
Second Epistle of the Apostle Paul to Timothy 

the first chapter, wherein 

1. The text is logically into its parts resolved. 
2. The words plainly explicated. 
3. A familiar metaphrase annexed. 
4. The several doctrines, &c., dedxiced. 

All which is accompanied with familiar and 
delightful similitudes, &c., &c 

By John Barlow, some time Minister of the 
Word at Plymouth,, but now resident at Hali- 
fax in Yorkshire. London, by I.D. for John 
Bellamie at the 3 Golden Lyons in Cornehill, 
m-fi3 the Royal 1 Exchange. " 1625. 

The page behind the title is blank; next fol- 
low five unnumbered pages containing the 
Epistle Dedicatorie to the Right Worshipfull 
Mr. Leonard Pumroy, Maior of Plymouth with 
the worshipfull Magistrates hi brethren, and 
to all who have office in that Corporation. 
This is signed I.B. from Halifax in Yorkshire, 
August 19, 1624. After another blank page the 
Epistle to the Reader takes up eight pages, 
the quaintnei-s of which is characteristic of 
puritan writers. " I have especially penned 
this portion for that place where and amongst 
whom the Lord for a few yeares by the hand 

of His providence cast me As the 

shooemaker with his skinne draweth on a close 
shoe, the huswife with care oalleth the chick- 
ens from under the wings of their damme, and 
the dittie brings to min.de the matter and 
author on't, so will a similitude draw doc- 
trines into men's shallow understandings. . ^ 
Pale-face't envie hath his roost with us. He 
looker like a ghost wrapped in a winding 
sheete, or peeping out of a coffin. This insa- 
tiable cormorant feodes on the tenderest corps 
drinkes the purest blood, and still cryes for 
more : so is danminge drunkennesse to these 
Cinque ports. This chymist turns bodies into- 
barrels, men into beasts. . . . The proud 
trecherous purblind Papists, who brake their 
neckes at Tiburne; the homiuified Godified 
Familists as perfect as Adam in paradise, the 
mutable new-fangled Anabaptist who will weare- 
no weapons, wrangles whether hee is to be 
baptised on the head or heeles; the strict 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



precise Separatist whose uniust rent from our 
congregations have made great thoughts of 
heart, &o. The next thirteen pages give an 
elaborate table of the principal heads or doc- 
trines taught by each verse of the chapter. 
The Exposition occupies pages 1 to 446. 

Another edition of this book, with a Dis- 
course of Spiritual Steadfastness, and five Ser- 
mons, was published in London, folio size, 
1632. 



XXXIV. HAUFAX PAHISH REGISTERS. 

The most valuable book in the whole of 
Halifax parish is the first volume of the old 
Register now deposited in the safe underneath 
tho Ohancel of Halifax Parish Church. It is 
worth thousands of pounds, and yet this rich 
parish continues to run the risk of its loss by 
fire or other means, as well as by wear and 
tear. It is a thick, paper, folio volume, which 
Halifax Corporation ought to, print literatim 
and speedily. The cost would hardly be worth 
mentioning, for I dare guarantee a good sale, 
and would undertake the whole responsibility 
mjself for ,100. 

Mr. Edward Johnson Walker, who was editor 
of the "Halifax Guardian" nearly fifty years, 
liked to dip into the delightful, crabbed writ- 
ing of this and the second volume, and he in- 
troduced me to the Ven. Archdeacon Musgrave, 
D.D., in 1870, who gave me unlimited access 
to the Registers, an opportunity that I fully 
availed myself of in copying 1 out all references 
to the inhabitants of Hipperholme-cum-Brig- 
house. After agitating for the re-printing of 
the first volume, I easily got Mr. Samuel Tay- 
lor Rigge, one of the churchwardens, to push 
the matter with the clergy, and the Rev. Wm. 
Davenport, editor of the "Parish Magazine," 
consented to issue eight pages monthly, as an 
appendix, and he called a meeting in May, 
1881, of a small committee;, consisting of Mr. 
Rigge, Mr. Thomas Turner, now of Norwich, 
Mr. John Lister, Shibden Hall, and myself. 
Possibly I have overlooked one or two others. 
Mr. Lister copied out material for ninety pages 
which were printed with the local parish mag- 
azine, and then for want of competent copy- 
ists, the work was suspended. I went over and 
copied about the same amount, but the slow 
process of monthly driblets killed the effort, 
so Mr. Rigge wrote me on June 5th, 1882, stat- 
ing : "I have got the consent of our Vicar to 
publish the first volume of our Registers. I 
should be much obliged if you could come over 
at your earliest convenience to see our com- 
mittee, and if possible to make some arrange- 
ment with you for the copying, Ac." My time 
was too limited (on account of the long distance 
from Halifax), and no one else could be got 
to join in the labour, so the matter was allow- 



ed to drop. The remainders of the 96 pages (in 
two sizes, 8vo. and small 4to.) were purchased 
by Mr. W. J. Walker and issued as an appen- 
dix to the following book: 
Chapters in the Early Registers of Halifax 

Parish Church, 

from the local Portfolio of the late Edward 
Johnson Walker, by Walter James Walker, 

one of his sons. 

Halifax, Whitley and Booth, 1885. 
This book was issued in four forms : (1) quar- 
to, with the Begistera, 96 pages, appendix; (2) 
quarto, without the Registers; (3) octavo, with 
the 96 pages; (4) octavo, without. 

The number of remainders from the parish 
magazine was too limited to supply for more 
than a portion of Walker's issue. 

The quarto copies have for a frontispiece a 
plate of Halifax Church, Thos. Taylor, del., 
J. Stewart, sculp. Then follow viii. pages giv- 
ing the title, inscription (p. iii.) to Mrs. Sarah 
Bracken, poem on the Halifax Burial Register 
(p. iv.) by E. J. W., who died May 20th, 1880. 
Preface, dated Luddenden, 1884. The chapters 
give "Vicar Favour and his Times" 1-130, 
"Commonwealth Marriages" 131-136, "Buried 
Alive" 137-144, "Remarks on the Registers" 
145-154. Index 155-163. Description of plates 
164. Preface to appendix and index to appen- 
dix i.-vi. The plates inserted are the four 
numbered ones from Watson's "Halifax," and 
two facsimile pages of the Register, the first 
page of the Marriages, 1538, and the first page 
of burials, 1538. 

Mr. Et J. Walker's article on Vicar Favour 
and his times appeared in the "Halifax Guar- 
dian" about 1857, in the long series entitled 
"Local Portfolio." Mr. Walker was a gentle- 
man for whom I, and all local antiquaries, 
bad great esteem, and his newspaper contri- 
butions were eagerly read. I had some per- 
sonal acquaintance with him, and began in 
1866 a similar series of local sketches in the 
"Brighouse News." His work on the "Ack- 
royd Family" was privately printed by Col. 
Akroyd, M.P. It is a great pity Mr. Walker 
did not issue the "Local Portfolio" in book 
form, but a fairly complete set of the "Guar- 
dian" has been preserved by the Halifax Liter- 
ary and Philosophical Society. Mr. Walker 
spent a long time at Tori, making notes from 
about 4,000 Halifax wills; years before I went 
to do the same for Halifax and Bradford wills. 
The full book, by Mr. Walter J. Wnlker (in- 
cluding the Register appendix) was issued at 
12s. 6d. quarto; 6s. 6d. octavo. 

The Register itself at Halifax Church con- 
sists of 880 pages on thin paper, and is in ex- 
cellent preservation except for the first page 
and several corners that have been "thumbed." 
The baptisms occupy the first half exactly; the 
marriages take up pages 441-600, the burials 
601-880. As the entries of baptisms average 



46 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



about 44 lines per page, and burials nearly the 
same, and the marriages leas still, the whole 
could be printed in a volume of 880, including 
an index. The inestimable volume commences 
with 1538, when Registers were first ordered 
to be kept, down to 1592. It is one of the old- 
est in England, and its record of gibbettinge 
makes it unusually interesting, but the curious 
memoranda inserted in the second volume dur- 
ing Dr. Favour's tenure give unique speciality 
to the second volume. 

Vol. II., manuscript, covers the years 1593- 
1615. 

Vol.IIL, manuscript, 1616, to May, 1644. Bishop 
Lake and Airchbishop Tillotson were baptised 
during this interval, and frequent historical 
notes are interspersed. 

Vol. IV., manuscript, June, 1644 to 1667, but 
the marriages extend only to 1646. A serious 
plague, 1645-6, ravaged Halifax town. 

Vol. V., manuscript, 1660-1668, with marri- 
ages from 1653. 

Vol. VI., manuscript, 1668-1694. 

Vol. VII., manuscript, 1694-1726. 

Vol. VIII., manuscript, 1726-1755. 

Vol. IX., manuscript, 1755-1791. 

From 1754 the marriages are given in separ- 
ate volumes, of which there are ten up to 
1800. 



XXXV. HALIFAX AUTHORS : 
DR. FAVOUR. 

Of the early Vicars of Halifax, few have dis- 
tinguished themselves as writers or authors. 
We can scarcely expect to find any works by 
them before the invention of printing, but from 
that time, that is since the Reformation, 1580, 
we might have expected a few special sermons. 
For ready reference the licit, so far as it is 
known, namely, since 1273, is here given, with 
dates of induction: 

Ingolard Turbard, 1274. 

John Aaron de Grydinton, 1315. 

Thomas de Gaytington, 1321. 

Richard de Ovenden, 1349. 

John de Standforth (Stainforth), 1349. 

Richard de Heton, 1362. 

John Kjnge, 1389. 

Thomas de Mand 1 , 1438. 

Thomas Wilkynson, 1439. 

Richard Symmee, 1480. 

Thomas Brent, 1496. 

William Rokeby, 1502. 

John Taylor, 1521. He was author of a 
sermon on Luke ii. 22, preached February 2, 
1508. 'See Cooper's "Athen Cantab, i. 49, and 
Urwick's Hertfordshire. 

Robert Holdsworth, before 1534. 

John Harrison, 1556. 

Christopher Ashburn, 1559. 

Francis Ashburn, 1573. 

Henry Ledsiham, 1585. 



John Favour, 1593. 

Robert Clay, 1623. 

Hugh Ramsden, 1628. 

Henry Ramsden, 1629. 

Richard Marsh, 1638. 

[John?] Wayte, 1642. 

Henry Roote, 1643. 

John Lake, 1647. 

Robert Booth, 1650. 

Eili Bentley, 1657. 

Richard Hooke, 1662. 

Edmund Hough, 1689. 

Joseph Wilkinson, 1691. 

Thomas Burton, 1712. 

George Legh, 1731. 

Henry Wood, 1776. 

Henry William Coulthurst, 1790. 

Samuel Knight, 1817. 

Chillies Musgrave, 1827. 

Francis Pigou, now Dean of Bristol. 

Archdeacon Brooke, resigned. 

Canon Hy. Ed. Savage, 1904. 

I am not aware that any of these eminent 
men (except Taylor), before Dr. John Favour, 
had any sermon or book printed; or left any 
composition in writing, thougih Rokeby and 
Taylor became specially eminent church 
dignitaries. About fourteen Vicars were 
natives of the parish. 

John Favour was born at Southampton, and 
passed to Winchester, and to Oxford, where he 
became D.C.L. in 1592. In 1593 he was made 
Vicar of Halifax, and in 1608 was also appoint- 
ed Warden of Ripon Hospital. In 1616 he was 
collated to the prebendship of Driffield, cantor- 
ship at York, and Chaplain to the Archbishop. 
He has previously been referred to, along with 
Mr. Barlow and Mr. Boys, as a) notable puri- 
tan, and promoter of Monthly Exercises at 
Halifax. Mr. Thoresby had in his museum at 
Leeds some manuscript notes of sermons by 
Dr. Favour preached at the Halifax Elxercises; 
and also Favour's marginal notes 1 written in a 
book, "Fasciculus Temporum," printed about 
1485. The only printed book that is known at 
present as Dr. Favour's work is entitled 

AiNTIQUITIB TRIUMPHING OVER 
NOVELTIE!. 

London, small quarto, 1619, and has been sold 
as low as 6s. It comprises 602 pages. Wood's 
"Athen. Oxon." gives a glowing character of 
Dr. Falvour, whose book is designed to prove 
that "Antiquitie is a true and certain note of 
the Christian Catholicke Church and yeritie, 
against all new and late upstart heresies, ad- 
vancing themselves against the religious hon- 
our of old Rome, whose ancient faith was so 
much commended by St. Paul's pen, and after 
sealed with the blood of many martyrs and 
worthy Bishops of that See. With other 
neoessarie and important questions incident 
and proper to the same subject." 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



47 



The dedication is to Tobie Matthews, Arch- 
bishop of York, from which we learn that it 
was lgun when the author was sixty years 
old at the desire, and carried on under the en- 
couragement of the said Arohbishop. In the 
EpistU- to the Readers he refers to the im- 
pediments to his work, and his multifarious 
engagements, namely, preaching every Sab- 
bath day, lecturing every dii-y in the week, 
exercising justice in the commonwealth (he 
being a Justice of the Peace), practicing of 
physic and chirurgery- Two hundred years 
later he had the local reputation of being a 
good Divine, a good Physician, and a good 
Lawyer, as recorded by Mr. Watson. Dr. 
Favour married tit Leeds Nov. IQ, 1595, Ann 
daughter of William Power, rector of Bar- 
wick in Elmete. A| most interesting tablet, 
with bust, may still be seen in the chancel 
of Halifax Church, showing the doctor in the 
pulpit, dressed in oanonicaJs and ruffle, his 
left hand resting on a skull. There is a 
Latin epitaph below. I fear the gravestone 
formerly in the chancel, bearing his name 
and a longer Latin epitaph, cannot now be 
identified. He died on March 10th, 1623, or 
1624 as we should now reckon- 
To show the ignorance that then prevailed, 
we may refer to one story given by Favour in 
his book, page 334. A woman wept bitterly 
when she heard the passion of Christ read in 
her own tongue, and tenderly compaesioned 
so great an outrage done to the son of God, 
but after a pause, and re-collection of her 
spirits, she asked "Where was this done?" 
When it was answered "At Jerusalem, many 
thousand miles hence, and about fifteen hun- 
dred years ago," she said "If it was so far 
off, and so long since, by the grace of God 
I hope it might prove to be a lie," and there- 
in she comforted herself. 

This woman of compassion lived at the time 
when Halifax gibbet was doing deadly execu- 
tion. 

There is a ocpy of Favour's "Antiquity" in 
York Minster Library. 



XXXVI. HALIFAX VICARS. 



The successor of Dr. Favour, the most not- 
able and popular of the ancient Vicars of 
Halifax, was Dr. Robert Clay, born at Clay 
House, Greetland, who died in 1628, having 
only held the post four years. He is thought 
to have been the founder of the vestry library 
at Halifax, but to the best of my knowledge 
did not publish anything. Amongst other com- 
plaints exhibited against him by a Mr. Smith 
(Godolphin's Repertorium) were two, (1) that 
he retained Stepheeon, a drunkard and adult- 
erer, as curate at one of the twelve chapels, 
and (2) that he did not catechize, but only 



bought many of Dr. Wilkinson's catechisms 
(for every of which he paid twopence, and sold 
them to the parishioners for threepence), with- 
out any examination or instruction for their 
benefit. 

The catechism was undoubtedly the one by 
the Rev. Henry Wilkinson, which we have pre- 
viously mentioned. 

The brothers Ramsden, Vicars from 1628 to 
1638, we have previously mentioned. The latter 
one was succeeded by Richard Marsh, who waa 
born in Hertfordshire in 1585. In 1614 he was 
Vicar of Birstall, and held dignified poets at 
York Minster. In 1638 he came to Halifax. 
In 1641 he was appointed Archdeacon, and in 
1644 Dean of York, but the troubled times 
hindered his promotion, until 1660. Charles I. 
held him in great estimation. In 1642 he fled 
from Halifax, but was caught on Blackstone- 
edge and imprisoned at Manchester. He man- 
aged to escape to the King at Oxford, and did 
not return to Halifax until 1660, when he ap- 
peared, as the story goes, with a prayer book 
under his arm, and finding Eli Bentley in the 
desk, he turned him out, and read the prayers 
from the prayer book. He was buried in York 
Minster in October, 1663, having resigned Hali- 
fax in June, 1662. Walker in hie "Sufferings 
of the Clergy" states (p. 83) that Dr. Marsh 
printed one or more sermons. These must be 
very rare, for Mr. Watson had never met with 
one, neither have I ever seen further refer- 
ence to one, except a sermon in York Minster 
Library, 4to. size, preached in the Metrop 
Church at York, 26 September, 1624, (when 
Vicar of Birstall,) on the consecration of 
Stenhouse, Lord Bishop of Carlisle. 

Richard Hooke, a Cambridge D.D., probably 
a Northamptonshire man, according to Ant. 
Wood had been minister at Lowdham in Not- 
tinghamshire and published a book in 1653, 
entitled 

The Laver of Regeneration, 

And the Cup of Salvation, 

in two treatises concerning Baptism and the 

Lord's Supper. 

If not a mistake this must have been the first 
edition of the following: 

The Laver of Regeneration, 
And the Cup of Salvation. 
Two plain and profitable discourses upon the 
two Sacraments, the first laying open the nature 
of Baptism, and earnestly pressing the serious 
consideration and religious observation of the 
sacred vow made by all Christians in their 
Baptism. The other pressing as earnestly the 
frequent renewing of our baptismal vow at the 
Lord's holy table; demonstrating the indis- 
pensable necessity of receiving and the great 
sin and danger of neglecting the Lord's Supper, 
with answers to the chief pretences, whereby 
the absenters would excuse themselves; 8vo., 
London, 1684, with a dedication to the inhabi- 



48 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



tants of the town and parish of Halifax. The 
texte ajre John i. 26, and iCor. xi. 28 I am 
glad to state that there is a copy in Halifax 
Freie Library. 

Anthony Wood's " Oxon." states that he also 
published one or more sermons, but I have 
not seen them nor the titles named. His best 
known work now, though very rarely met with, 
is: 

The Nonconformist Champion, 

His Challenge Accepted; 

or an answer to Mr. Baxter's "Petition for 
Peace," written long since but now first pub- 
lished upon his repeated provocations and im- 
portunate clamors that it was never answered. 
Whereunto is prefixed an Epistle to Mr. Bax- 
ter, with some remarks upon his Holy Com- 
monwealth; upon hie sermon to the House of 
Commons; upon his Nonconformist's Plea for 
Peace; and upon his answer to Dr. Stilling- 
fleet. By Ri. Hooke, D.D., Vicar of Halifax. 
London, 1682, 157 pages in octavo. I have 

just discovered that I have a copy, and there 
is one in York Minster Library. It is a 
small octavo. The first seven words of the 
title occupy a line each. London, printed for 
Tho. Flesher. After the title is the usual 
blank page, then five pages "To the Reader," 
in which is the uncharitable passage " Truly 
it were to be wisht that Mr. Baxter when he 
had written his '^Everlasting Best," he had 
gone to it. He hath been so restless ever since 
and so great a troubler of Israel that without 
a deep repentance I fear he will come short of 
that Blessed Rest. I judge complements and 
Boft words not fit for bigots and perturbers of 
Church and State." The next page gives 
Errata. The treatise covers pages 1-157. Three 
pages of bookf advertisements complete the 
volume. In thfe Minster Library there is a 
quarto pamphlet by Richard Hooke, Vicar of 
Halifax, and Prebend of York, entitled ""The 
Bishop's Appeale; or an Addresse bo the 
Brethren of the Presbyteriall Judgement." 
Dedicated to Atrchbishop Frewen. It was 
printed at Newcastle by Stephen Bulkley, 
1661. 

Thoresby, of Leeds, had in his museum an 
octavo manuscript in answer to this book, 
entitled "The Duelling Doctor Defeated," by 
T.J.M.A. [The Just Man's Advocate, alias Mr. 
Thomas 'Sharp, of Horton, Bradford, whose 
mark this was,] being given to Thoresby by 
Mrs. Sharp. I should have taken (but for Mr. 
Thoresby's statement,) the initials to stand for 
T. Jolly, M.A., the intimate friend of the Revs. 
Oliver Hey wood and Thos. Sharp. Copies of 
Dr. Hooke's attack on Baxter are found in 
several public libraries, as the Memorial Hall 
Library, London, &c. Dr. Hooke died of a 
painful complaint on .fan. 1st, 1688-9. The 
monument at Halifax recorded also the burial 
}f his son Samuel, a student at Cambridge. 



Edmund Hough, M.A., succeeded Dr. Hooke 
in 1689. He had been turned out of the "Uni- 
versity of Cambridge by the Act of Uniformity, 
but afterwards conformed and became rector 
of Thornton in Craven. He died in April, 
1691, and was buried at Halifax. He does not 
seem to have issued any printed work, but 
Mr. Thoresby had some of his manuscript ser- 
mons in his museum at Leeds. 

Thomas Burton became Vicar of Halifax in 

1712. He was an M.Aw, and had been rector of 
Lofthouse and curate of Yann, North York- 
shire. In 1715 he became prebendary of Given- 
dale in York Cathedral. He died in July, 1731, 
and was buried in the Chancel of Halifax 
Church. The one sermon that he published 
in dicta tesihjts opinion of royal prerogatives. This 
ff&a preached in Halifax Parish Church from 
Psalm xlvi. 10, on Tuesday, July 7th, 1713, 
being the day appointed by Her Majesty for a 
Public Thanksgiving for the Peace. London, 

1713, 16 pages octavo. At page 7 he says-. 
"Kings receive no authority and power from 
their subjects, and therefore it is neither reas- 
onable nor just that they should be accountable 
to them." Such silly, false reasoning was un- 
accountable even at that date. He goes on to 
state that "some men are for storming Heaven 
and snatching God's authority out of His 
hands, who has declared that by him princes 
reign, and yet they will tell you it is by them 
they reign, and the plainest Scriptures in the 
world cannot drive them out of this wicked 
and blasphemous opinion." Speaking of the 
Peace he says: "It is such as our allies could 
reasonably desire, 'tis a just and therefore an 
honourable peace; a peace that answers all the 
ends proposed when we engaged in a most 
bloody and expensive war. We ought thank- 
fully to own that God overthrew our enemies, 
and reduced a powerful prince to sue for peace ; 
and it wr nld have been hard measure not to 
have grantc ' it to him on such terms as we, 
among our little selves should think it hard 
to be denied it. To take from him what was 
his own would be nothing less than robbery, 
and to reduce him to such circumstances that 
lie shall not be capable of doing us and his 
neighbours mischief is as much as any honest 
and good man ought to desire; and that he is 
reduced to such circumstances no man can 
doubt but such to whom it is natural to find 
fault with everything and who are of such a 
querulous temper as to complain when they 
are not hurt, and who rather than to quarrel 
will quarrel even with peace itself, and who 
endeavour to disturb the nation with noise and 
clamour, without either sense or reason." One 
wonders why a foreign prince should not have 
equally divine prerogatives as our own. A 
more illogical discourse surely was never de- 
livered from Halifax pulpit. Vicar Burton 
had no monument erected to him at Halifax, 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



and this sermou is a poor memorial. The 
succeeding Vicars have all been men of a higher 
stamp, . i- well be shewn hereafter. I have 
made the extract* I'rom a printed copy in my 
possession. 

XXXVII. DAVID HARTLEY, M.A. 

A Rev. David Hartley was curate of Lud- 
denden from 1698 and of Illingworth from Oct., 
1706. He oame to Northowram first to teach 
at the school founded by Oliver Hey wood, 
and began October 5, 1693. By December he 
had gathered fifteen scholars, and by the end 
of January there were twenty-seven. He 
visited Hey wood in April, 1702. He suc- 
ceeded the Rev. Edward Wilkinson, who 
had held the Illingworth curacy from 
October, 1668, and died Jan. 4, 1704-5. Mr. 
Hartley married hie predecessor's daughter, 
May 25, 1707. He left Illingworth before 1717 
to become incumbent at Armley, near Leeds, 
where he died, leaving eight children. One of 
these was David Hartley, M.A., who was born 
at Illingworth, brought up by a Mrs Brooksbank 
near Halifax, and passed on to Jesus College, 
Cambridge, where he became Fellow. He 
first began to practice physic at Newark, from 
whence he removed to St. Edmund's Bury, 
afterwards to London, and lastly to Bath, 
where he died September 30, 1757, aged 53, 
laaving two sons and a daughter. The sons 
both became University students, the elder 
having a travelling fellowship, and tte younger 
entered Oxford in 1757. 

David Hartley, M.A., the physician, publish- 
ed "A view of the present evidence for and 
against Mrs. Stephen's medicines as a solvent 
for the stone, containing 155 cases, with some 
experiments and observations," London, 1739, 
204 pages, octavo. It is dedicated to the Pre- 
sident and Fellows of the Royal College of 
Physicians, London, wherein he refers to a 
former smaller edition published the year be- 
fore. On page 175 are proposals for making 
Mrs. Stephens' medicines public, and a list, 
amounting to .1387 13s., is annexed for pur- 
chasing the right. These sums were obtained 
between April, 1738, and February following. 
He himself bears testimony to the efficacy in 
his own case, and was the chief instrument in 
procuring a Parliamentary grant of .5,000 for 
Mrs. Stephens, yet he is said to have died of 
the stone after having taken above 200 pounds 
weight of the soap. The medicine wan made 
public in the "Gazette" from Saturday, June 
16th, to Tuesday, the 19th, 1739. 

Dr. James Parsons, F.R.S., published an 
octavo volume, London, 1742, entitled "Ani- 
madversions on lithontriptic medicines, par- 
ticularly those of Mrs. Stephens, and an ac- 
count of the dissections of some bodies of per- 



sons who died after the use of them." It was 
generally believed that this book proves that 
Dr. Hartley's estimate was wrong, and that 
the celebrated medicine had no power of dis- 
solving stones. Dr. Hartley wrote against Dr. 
Warren, of St. Edmund's Bury, in defence of 
inoculation, and some letters by him are in 
the Philosophical Transactions. Watson says 
he was certainly a man of learning, and a re- 
puted good physician, but too fond of nos- 
trums. 

But the work on which his literary fame 
rests is entitled: 

Observations on Man, 
His Frame, his Duty, and his Expectations, 

in two parts. London, 1749, octavo. 

The first part contains "Observations on the 
frame of the human body and mind, and on 
their mutual connections and influences," which 
was intended as an answer to Gay's preface 
to Law's "Origin of Evil." 

The second part treats of the duty and 
expectations of mankind here and hereafter, 
revealed religion, the being and attributes of 
God, the evidences for revealed religion, and 
results of violation of the rules of life. There 
are 462 pages in the 1749 edition. 



XXXVIII. OLIVER HEYWOOD. 



Oliver Heywood, son of Richard Heywood, 
of Little Lever, near Bolton, in Lancashire, 
was born There in March, 1630. present style of 
reckoning, and from bis birth was designed 
for the ministry. In 1647 he was sent to 
Trinity College, Cambridge, and took the de- 
gree of B.A. In 1652 he was appointed to the 
curacy of Coley Chapel, Hippcrhplme, and for 
nearly fifty years was the leading spirit in 
the district in the promotion of Evangelical 
religion. Jn 1662 he was ejected from Coley, 
and soon afterwards settled at a house he pur- 
chased at N"orthowram. In 1688 he built a 
chapel near his home, anil its successor L ap- 
propriately named Heywood Chapel. He was 
constantly persecuted, and several times im- 
prisoned for preaching. He died in March, 
1703, new style, aged 73. 

The notice of his works divides itself into 
three parts: (1) The books he published; (2) 
thd lives issued concerning him; and (3) the 
manuscripts he left. I had a fairly complete 
set of Oliver Heywood's published treatises, 
but parted with them at the request of the 
late Marquis of Bute, afad I presume they are 
now at Cardiff Castle. I have gathered a few 
volumes since, and there are fair sets in the 
British Museum Library and in the Congre- 
gational Memorial Hall, London. 

(1) "Heart Treasure: or an Essay tending 
to fill and furnish the Head and Heart of 
every Christiam. ..... being the sub- 
stance of some sermons preached at Coley, in 
Yorkshire, on Mat. xii., 35, by O. H., an wn- 



50 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



worthy minister of the blessed Gospel. . . . 
London, A. Ibbitson for Thos. Parkhurst at 
the Golden Bible on London Bridge, 1667." 
This is a small octavo book containing xvi., 
and 336 pages, the Epistle Dedicatory " to my 
very loving and dearly beloved friends and 
neighbours, the inhabitants of Coley, and the 
places adjacent," is dated, "From my study at 
Coley Hall, June 4, 1)666, Oliver Heywood." 

The celebrated antiauary Joseph Hunter, 
etates in his " Life of Heywood " that he had 
only seen one copy of this book (page 205 n), 
and that the British Museum Library was 
wofully deficient at thiat time in early English 
books, having only three or four of Heywood'e. 
Hunter, a Unitarian, considered this the best 
of Heywood'e treatises, and admires the plain 
and practical style as well as the great ac- 
quaintance manifested with the Fathers, Com- 
mentators, and current biography, inter- 
spersed with ohoicfe lines from Herbert's 
poems. It was for long a great favourite. I 
have secured another copy of this rare work. 
The first page gives the title, thle second is 
blank, pages iii. iv. to the Eeader, signed, 
John Chester, 1667; v. xi. the Epistle .Dedi- 
catory; xii xvi. Contents. These pages are un- 
numbered. The treatise begins with sheet B, 
pages 1 to 287. This is followed by an Appen- 
dix concerning Meditation, pages 288 to 333, 
and then follow three pages of advertisements 
of books, a fly leaf, " Imprimatur, Bob. 
Grove, for the Lord Bishop of London, 
August 1671." Evidently this was issued with 
the remainder of the sheets, but not when the 
first books were sent out. 

(2) The same Imprimatur, exactly, is issued 
at the beginning of Heywood'e next publication 
of which I have again secured two copies. 

THE SURE MERCIES OF DAVID, 
or a Second Part of Heart Treasure, wherein 
is contained the sum and substance of Gospel 
mercies purchased by Christ, and promised, 
Ac being the fruit of some Medita- 
tions upon Isa. Iv., 3, by O. Heywood, an un- 
profitable Minister of the Gospel, London, 
printed by R. W. for Thos Parkhurst, and are 
to be sold at his shop at the Bible and Three 
Crowns, in Cheaoside, near Mercer's Chapel, 
1672." 

After the title there is a blank page, then 
the Preface to the Reader, to all the Heirs 
of Promise (iii. xxi.), signed, 0. H.., June 3, 
1670; page xxii. is blank; xxiii. xxix. the 
contents; xxx. t six lines of Errata. The 
treatise begins with sheet B, pages 1253. It 
is a small octavo, like the Heart Treasure. 

(3) "Closet) Prayer, a Christian Duty; or a 
treatise upon Mat. vi._ 6, tending to prove 
that the worship of God in secret; is th in- 
dispensable duty . . together with a severe re- 
buke by O. Heywood, Minister of 

the Gospel. London, Thos. Parkhurst, 1671." 
Small octavo, pages xvi., 127; the Epistle to 
the Reader is dated Oct. 31st, 1668,"whiles I 
am Oliver Heywood." Though this bears the 
date 1671, it stafoe on page ii. : "There is of 
this author two other books printed, Heart 
Treasure and the 'Sure Mercies of David." 



My copies give 1672 for " Sure Mercies," but 
the Memorial Hall Library has one with the 
date 1670, as well as one for 1672. 1 have two 
copies of ''Closet Prayer," and have had al&o 
the second edition; printed in 1700, small 
octavo, pages xii., 124. 

The British Museum Library catalogue gives 
an edition for 1687, in octavo, with notes in 
manuscript (No. 4,409 e). I have the following 
edition : "Closet Prayer, a Christian Duty ; or 
a Treatise upon Matth. vl., 6, tending to prove, 
&c., by 0. Heywood, one of the ejected Minis- 
ters of the Gospel. London, J. Chalmers, 
1794." Small octavo, 153 pages, namely, title, 
next page blank, Epistle to the Reader 39, 
signed, "Whiles I am, Oliver Heywood, Octo- 
ber 31st, 1668." Contents 1018. Treatise 13 
153. Amongst the advertisements that follow 
is one respecting the second edition of John 
Mitchel's Female Pilgrim,, or the Travels of 
Hephzibah, with ten copper plates, 7s., or in 
twelve sixpenny parte; a book to be men- 
tioned hereafter. 

" Closet Prayer," a duodecimo edition, was 
issued in 1816, with Life of Heywood, by J. 
Kerby, but I have not seen it, nor another 
edition, same size, in 1830. This was probably 
tho Wesleyan Society publication, edited by 
the Rev. T. Jackson. 

(4) "Life in God's Favour, a Discourse 
adapted to Death-Threatening Times," is 
dated Nov. 9, 1678, and printed in 1679, small 
octavo. There are copies in the British 
Museum and Memorial Hall Libraries. 

"Life in God's Favour, a Seasonable Dis- 
course in Death-Threatening Times, being the 
substance of several sermons upon Psalm xxx., 
5, by Oliver Heywood, Minister of the 
Gospel." Printed by Dr. John Fawcett, 1796, 
at Brearley Hall, 264 pages. I have also an 
edition printed by J. Fawcett, " A New Edi- 
tion," Bwood Hall, near Halifax, 1799. The 
Address to the Reader, Nov. 9, 1678, is signed 
Oliver Heywood, and there are 264 pages. 

(5) " Israel's Lamentation After the Lord ; 
or a Discourse wherein every well-wisher in 
Zion is excited and directed how to lament 
after the Lord with prayers and tears. . . . 
being some Meditations upon I. Sam. 72. 
London, Tho. Parkhurst, at the Three Crowns 
and Bible, at the lower end of Cheapside, 
1683/' This a very small octavo, and my copy 
consists of title page, with blank behind, then 
An Humble Address to the Righteous God (4 
pages); to all the Mourners in Zion, 10 pages, 
signed "Thy Soul Friend, O. H., Aug. 22, 
T^gj/' rpjjg treatise occupies 1 143 pages. 
There is also a copy in the Memorial Hall, 
London. 

(6) " Baptismal Bonds Renewed, being some 
meditations upon Psalm 50, 5, by O. H. M.A., 
Minister of the Gospel. . . . London, Tho. 
Parkhurst, at the Bible and Three Crowns, in 
Cheapside, near Mercer's Chapel, 1687." Small 
8vo., pages xx., 328. It will be noticed that 
Mr. Heywood is erroneously given M.A. I had 
a copy, and there is one in the Memorial Hall. 

(7) " The Holy Life and Happy Death of Mr. 
John Angier." This is a very rare Lancashire 
book, written by Mr. Heywood, as may be seen 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



51 



from his diarv, 1685. He had married Mr. 
Angier's daughter for his first wife. It was 
published before " Baptismal Bonds," as it is 
advertised it the end of that book There are 
copies in the (Jlit'tluun Library, Main lic>toi , 
and in the Memorial Hall Library, small 8vo., 
London, 1685, and also a "Life and Death," 
email 16mo., no plaoe of printing named, 1677. 

(8) " Meetness for Heaven promoted in some 
brief Meditations upon Colos. i, 12, designed 
for a Funeral Legacy." This is a small 12mo., 
and gives " An Epistle to my dearly beloved 
Hearers, Friends and Neighbours, and others 
that will be at the cost to buy, or take the 
pains to read this small treatise." It was pub- 
lished in 1690, and a copy may be seen at the 
Memorial Hall, London. 

(9) "The Best Entail, or Dying Parents Liv- 
ing Hopes for their Surviving Children. . . 
a discourse upon 2 Sam. 23. 5, wherein is a 
collection. ... by O. H., Minister of the 
Gospel. London, Tho. Parkhurst," small 8vo., 
1693, pages xvi and (more than) 94, my copy 
being incomplete. There is a copy in the 
British Museum. The book was dedicated to 
f hi lip. Lord Wharton. 

(10) " A Family Altar erected to the Honour 
of the Eternal God, or a Solemn Essay to pro- 
mote the Worship of God in Private Houses. 
Dated Feb. 2. 1692-3." It is a small octavo, 
London, 1693. My copy is incomplete, pp. ( ) 
144. There are copies in the Memorial Hall 
and British Museum Libraries. 

" Family Altar " was reprinted, with addi- 
tions, by the Rev. Chas. Atmore, Wesleyan, at 
Liverpool. There is a copy in Halifax Free 
Library. 

11) "Job's Appeal, being a Funeral Sermon, 
delivered at Northowram, occasioned by the 
death of Mr. Jon. Denton. Dedicated to Mr. 
John Denton. Southwark, near London. It 
was published in 1695, and there is a copy in 
the British Museum. 

(12) ' A New Creature. Dedicated to my dear 
Friends and beloved Hearers at Northowram ; " 
dated Miay 3rd, 1695.. and published in that 
year. 

(13) "Heavenly Converse: or a Discourse 
concerning the Communion between the Saints 
on Earth and the Spirits of Just Men Made 
Perfect in Heaven, grounded upon Heb. xii., 
23, by Oliver Heywood, an unworthy Minister 

of the Gospel London, printed for 

John Back, at the Black Boy, on London 
Bridge; 1697, pages xiv., 95. 

(14) " The General Assembly, or a Discourse 
upon the Gathering of All Saints to Christ: 
Comprising some Meditations upon Thess. ii., 
1. Dated Sep. 22nd, 1698;" published in 1700. 

(15) " A Treatise of Christ's Intercession, 
grounded upon Isaiah liii., 12, . . . together 
with a practical application of this comfortable 
doctrine." 12mo., 1)701. A copy is in the 
Memorial Hail Library. 

(16) "The Two Worlds, Present and 
Future, Visible and Invisible, wherein is re- 
presented briefly the ur comfortable state of 
God's children in hhis world, and their earnest 



expectation of futpre happinetfe with (loci. 
There is an Epistle to my dear and loving 
nephews and others of my natural relations 
in Lancashire. December 30 1699." Published 
in 1701. 

York Minster Library has copies of Heart 
Treasure, 1G67; Sure Mercies, 1671; Closet 
Prayer, 1671; Israel's Lamentation, 1683; 
Baptismal Bonds, 1687; A New Creature, 1695; 
Heavenly Converse, 1697; Intercession, 1701, 
printed at London, for John Whitworth, book- 
seller, Leeds. 

Mr. Oliver Heywood published also the Life 
of his brother Nathaniel, and other works. 



TCXXIX. OLIVER HEYWOOD (Continued). 

Besides the sixteen original treatises pre- 
vicu&ly mentioned, Oliver Heywood wrote the 
" Life of the Rev. Nathaniel Heywood," of 
Ormskirk, previously curate of Illingworth, 
near Halifax. The preface is dated 1694. He 
also published a work written by his brother 
Nathaniel, entitled, " Christ Displayed," as 
the Choicest Gift and best Master, from John 
iv., 10; xiii., 13. It is a 12mo. book, printed 
in 1679. 

"Advice to an Only Child; or Excellent 
Counsel to all Young Persons, containing the 
Sum and Substance of Experimental and Prac- 
tical Divinity," written by an eminent and 
judicious divine (Jas. Chadwick, B.A., an 
ejected minister, a native of Sheffield, and for 
private use of an only child now made public 
for the benefit of all. This was published by 
Mr. O. Heywood. There is a reprint, dated 
1820 (by Rev. C. Atmore, Wesleyan Minister, 
if I remember rightly), in the British Museum 
Library. The "Christ Displayed" and "Ad- 
vice " are advertised in Mr. Heywood's " Best 
Entail." 

The Rev. Oliver Heywood edited and pub- 
lished a work for his friend, the Rev. Thomas 
Sharp, M.AL, of Little Horton, and prefixed 
a short life of the Author. The first word of 

the title is in Hebrew character: or 

Divine Comforts, antidoting Inward Perplexi- 
ties of Mind, in a Discourse upon Psalm 9 , 
19, by T. Sharp, M.A., late Minister of the 
Gospel at Leeds; with some short remarks 
upon the author. (Greek characters frona 
Marc. Antonin, 4, 49.) London, Thos Park- 
}-unst, and Leeds, John Whitworth, Bookseller, 
1700. It is a small octavo, pages xxii (unnum- 
bered) and 416. 

The preface occupies iii viii, Remarks upon 
tho Author ix xxii, Treatise 1 411. Mr. Sharp 
was the eldest son of Mr.Sharp of Little Hor- 
tcn, who had married the sister of the Rev. 
David Clarkson, About 1650 he was sent to 
Cambridge and placed under the tuition of 



52 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHOBS. 



his uncle, and afterwards under " Mr. John 
Tillotson that great man, afterwards Archbis- 
hop of Canterbury " for aj short time. Mr. 
Sharp laboured near Peterborough and then, 
about 1660, Squire Arthington, of Arthington, 
gave him the parsonage of Addhill or Adel, in 
succession to his deceased uncle William Claa-k- 
son, but Dr. Hitch of Guiseley opposed him 
on the King's return, and he p-ave way peace- 
fully. He attended Bradford Church until Mr. 
Abraham Broobsbank, the Vicar, removed to 
Beading. In 1672 Mr. Sharp licensed his own 
house at Horton for preachings, and crowds 
went to hear him. He married Mrs. Bagnall's 
daughter but their only child, a girl, died; 
anil all the issue of his second wife, daughter 
of Mr. Sale, minister at Pudsey, died also be^l 
fore him, except a eon and a daughter. For 
some time he preached at Morley, and after- 
wards at Mill Hill, Leeds, but continued to 
reside at Horton for a long time, then bought 
aind enlarged a house at Leeds as a second re- 
sidence. He spent his time and wealth to 
g-ood purpose He left theological and poet- 
ical effusions in manuscript. He died August 
27th, 1693, aged 60, and was buried in the same 
grave as Mr. Wales in Leeds New Church. 

Mr. Heywood was a large contributor to 
Calamy's Nonconformist Memorial, the bulk 
of the Yorkshire and Lancashire memoirs of 
ejected ministers having been supplied by him. 
He aided in the publication of other works, 
and wrote some that do not seem to have been 
published separately. For the Collected Works 
of Oliver Heywood, see afterwards under Vint 
and Horsfall Turner. 

The first separate Life of Oliver Heywood, 
that I know of, wais compiled by the Bev. 
John Fawcett, afterwards D.D., Baptist minis- 
ter Hebden Bridge, who issued in 1796 or'98, in 
monthly parts, 12mo., 216 t>ages, price 2s. 3d. 

The Life of the Bev. Oliver Heywood, with 
Historical Sketches of the Times in which he 
lived; and Anecdotes of some other Eminent 
Ministers in YV>rk|shiire, Lancashire, &c. 
Printed and sold at Ewood Hall, near Hebden 
Bridge. There is a copy m the Bradford Free 
Library. The second edition (by J. Fawcett, 
A.M., though the paper cover gives D.D.) was 
printed by Holden and Dow son, Halifax, 1809, 
12mo., 214 pages. Between the two editions, 
or soon after 1809, there was issued a pirated 
abbreviation of Fawcett's work, without his 
name, under the title " Memoirs of the Life 
of Mr. Oliver Heywood, Minister of the Gos- 
pel at Coley Chapel, and afterwards at North- 
owram, in the Parish of Halifax. Leeds, 
printed by Davies and Booth, 56 pages, octavo, 
with portrait by Topham, from an original 
painting in the possession of Miss Heywood. 
Mansfield. This abbreviation is verbatim so 
far as it is printed. Dr. Fawcett confesses his 
inability to decipher all Hey wood's writing, 



and he had only one brief diary to copy froin.so 
his labour though good was very incomplete, 
and the transcripts inaccurate. His errors 

are copied into Slate's " Life." 

The Christian Knowledge Cottage Library, 
Vol. I., 1806, gives Memorials of Providence 
in the remarkably providential supplies of 
Oliver Heywood. In Calamy's Nonconformist 
Memorials was a brief notice of Oliver Hey- 
wood, .e-written for the 1803 edition. Con- 
sidering Watson's opportunities (for hia 
manuscript volume now in the hankie of Sir 
Taticn Sykfs contains notes from Hey wood's 
Diaries), we are surprised that so little is 
given of the famous evangelist and antiquary 
in the History of Halifax, by Watson. An 
advertisement in the "Leeds Mercury," June, 
1816, shews that a Rev. W. Farmer, Rev. R. 
Slate, proposed to issue Heywood's Life 
and Works. This resulted long after- 
wards in co-opera(tion of the Revs. 
Richard Slate and William Vint. 
Mr. Slate, a Lancashire Independent Minister, 
published an octavo volume of 389 pages, en- 
titled " Select Nonconformist Remains," 1814, 
of which 191 pages record the Life of Heywood 
and the ssven sermons re-printed in Mr. Vint's 
fifth volume. It is an octavo, printed by R. 
Cvompton, Bury. 

Mr. 'Slate's Memoirs of Oliver Heywood 
were issued in a volume under several con- 
ditions; one bearing a Lancashire printed title 
page, also one bearing London, Birtwistle, 
1849 (printed at Idle), a copy of which is in the 
Bradford Free Library, and as Vol. I. of 
Tint's edition. 

The, Religious Tract Society, London, in 
their Christian Biography Series, include 
' The Life of the Rev. Oliver Heywood, B.A., 
72 pages, small duodecimo. This is generally 
found in n. volume with companion biograph- 
ies. I have it both ways. 

The first real attempt tlo do justice to the 
work of Oliver Heywood was accomplished in 
the five volumes issued by the Rev. William 
Vint, of Idle, in "The Whole Works of the 
Rev. Oliver Heywood, B.A., now first collected, 
revised, and arranged, including some Tracts 
extremely scarce, and others from unpublished 
manuscripts, with Memoirs of his Life. Five 
volumes with illustrations.'' The printer was 
Mr. John Vint, eldest son of the reverend 
editor, and the work redounds great credit on 
his printing establishment at Idle. The fol- 
lowing table shews the scope of the publica- 
tions 

Vol. I. Life of Mr. O. Heywood (by Slate), 
Life of Mr. N. Heywood (by O. H.), Life, of 
Mr. Anprier (by O. H.), Lives of Oliver Hey- 
wood's Relatives (by O. H.). Demy 8vo., pages 
x. 608. Idle, John Vint, 1827. 

Vol. II. Editor's Preface, signed William 
Vint, 1825 : Heart Treasure, Sure Mercies of 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



53 



* 4 

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54' 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



David. Demy 8vo., pages xxviii., 500. Idle, 
John Vint, 1825. 

Vol. III. Closet Prayer, Intercession of 
Christ, Life in God's Favour, Israel's Lamen- 
tation after the Lord, Job's Appeal. Demy 
8vo, pages xiv., 923. Idle, John Vint, 1825. 

Vol. IV. BaptismaJ Bonds, A Family Altar, 
The Best Entail, Heavenly Converse. Demy 
8vo., pages xv., 568. John Vint, 1826. 

Vol. V. Editor's Preface, signed W.V. : 
A New Creature, The Two Worlds, Meetnese 
for Heaven, The General Assembly, Original 
Sermons, Youth's Monitor, Index of Subjects. 
Demy 8vo., pages lx., 603. Idle, John Vint, 
1826. 

The Original Sermons in Vol. V. were 
selected from manuscripts by the Rev Richard 
Slate for his " Select Nonconformist Remains," 
and are (1 4) Holiness the Way of Safety, 
preached at Pontefract, February 5th and 19th, 
1692-3; (5) Nature of Conversion, preached 
at Little LCV-MV Aj.r.. 29th 186 ; (6) Deliver- 
ance from the World; (7) Stimulus to Duty, 
preached at Radcliffe Bridge, April 24th, 1686; 
(8) Believers Safe and Comfortable, preached 
on the Death of the Rev. Sjunuel Eaton, of 
Dukinfield. This is copied from Dr. Rippon's 
Baptist Annual Register, Vol. IV., and bears 
the note, " Denton, Jan. 22nd, 1694, upon oc- 
casion of the death of Mr. Samuel Eaton, who 
died Jan. 9th, buried Jan. 12th; he desired 
this office of love from me, and appointed this 
text." The manuscript of the Youth's Moni- 
tor was in the hp?ids of Mr. Samuel Roberts. 
M.A., F.R.S., London, in 1881, he having 
several other original papers, being maternally 
descended from Oliver Heywood. The " Moni- 
tor, or Discourse upon Bcclesiastes xii., 1, is 
inscribed to "the worthy and respectable 
gentleman, Mr. Thomas Westby, heir of the 
ancient and religious family of Ravendale, in 
Yorkshire, dated Aragust 28th, 1689." 

It remained for one of Yorkshire's most 
competent antiquaries to do justice to the life 
of Oliver Heywood, as under : The Rise of 
the Old Dissent, Exemplified in the Life of 
Oliver Heywood, one of the founders of the 
Presbyterian Congregations in the County of 
York, 16301702, by the Rev. Joseph Hunter, 
F.S.A., London, 1842, demy octavo, pages xx, 
463. This is a splendid memorial of Heywood, 
but unfortunately written rather with the 
purpose of vindicating the Arian successors 
than giving the personal life of Heywood. 

The dream of my boyhood's days was to get 
access to the original writings of the great 
local Nonconformist hero, the paxson of Coley 
Chapel, and yet I had sought far and often 
until I was thirty-six years of age, and had 
taken up my residence in the very same Col- 
lege House in which the Rev. William Vint had 
edited Hey wood's Works 55 years before the 



manuscripts came to me from four different 
sources. These manuscripts are embodied in 
the five volumes as under : 

The Nonconformist R^egister of Baptisms, 
Marriages and Deaths, compiled by the Revs. 
Oliver Heywood a-nd Thos. Dickinson, 1644 
1702, 17021752, generally known as the North- 
owram or Coley Register, but comprehending 
numerous notices of Puritans and Anti-Puri- 
tans in Yorkshire, Lancashire, Cheshire, Lon- 
don, &c., with Lists of Popish Recusants, 
Quakers, &s., edited by J. Horsfall Turner. 
Five illustrations. Brig-house, J. S. Jowett, 
1881, crown octavo, 386 pages. The manuscript 
of the Register portion is now in the Memorial 
Hall, London, and came from Mr. Wilson's 
Library Guildford. I had to make some exer- 
tion to secure its safety before Dr. Newth 
discover-':) it. 

Oliver Heywood's Diaries. &c. (with illustra- 
tions), namely the Rev. Oliver Heywood, B.A., 
1630 1702, his Autobiography, Diaries, Anec- 
dote a.nd Event Books, illustrating the Gene- 
ral and Family History of Yorkshire and 
Lancashire. Edited by J. Horsfall Turner. 

Vol. I. printed for the Editor, by A. B. 
Bayes, Brighouse, 1882, 376 pages, crown oc- 
tavo. 

Vol. II. Brihouse, A. B. Bayes, 1881, 372 
pages, crown octavo. 

Vol. III. Printed for the Editor, by T. Har- 
rison, Bingley, 1883, 374 padres, crown octavo. 

Vol. IV. Bingley, Harrison, 1885, 357 pages, 
crown octavo. 

A description of Heywood's manuscripts, so 
far ae I could ascertain, is printed in Vol.III. 
of the Diaries. 

The Rev. NATHANIEL HEYWOOD, Oliver's 
brother, was born at Little Lever, Sept., 1633, 
was educated a(t Trinity College, Cambridge, 
held the curacy of Illingworth, 1652-5, re- 
moved to Ormskirk about 1657, was ejected 
thence in 1662, but remained in that parish 
until his death, December 16th, 1677. See the 
notice of Oliver for "Christ Displayed" and 
" Life of Nathaoiiel Heywood." 



XL. JOHN MILNER. 

The Milners of this parish obtained their 
name because from sire to son they succeeded 
as the custodians of the lord's corn-mills 
either at Brighouse, Halifax, or Sowerby, etc. 
John Milner, of Skircoat, married Mary, 
daughter of Gilbert Ramtden, and their eon 
John Milner was baptised ait Halifax in Feb- 
ruary, 1627, (or 1628 a~> we should now state). 
Ht- passed from Halifax Grammar School to 
Christ's College, Cambridge, whilst only four- 
teen, and took the degrees B.A., MJL, and 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



55 



B.D. He became curate of Middleton, in Lan- 
cashire, but on the Cheshire Rising he had 
1 1 floe to Halifax, where he remained until 
16C1, \vheu bis brother-in-law, Dr. Lake, 
vicar of Leeds, presented him to the- curacy 
of Beeston. Dtiriug this period he was in- 
cumbent of Sowerby Bridge Chapel, 1650, sxir- 
ceeding John Adlmer (unless this reading is 
a misreading for Milner.) Mr. Watson does 
not give his name in the list there. He be- 
came B. D. and minister of St. 
Johns, Leeds, in 1662, and in August, 
1673, was advanced to the vicarage of Leeds, 
and in 1681 became Prebendary of Bipon. In 
168S beins dissatisfied about the Revolution, 
he retired ficm the vicarage, and was deprived 
of all his preferments. He spent the rest of 
hu life at St. John's, Cambridge, and remain- 
ed a Nonjuror until his death at the College 
February 16, 1702, -iped 75. He was buried in 
the Chapel of St. John's, Cambridge. His 
only son, Thomas Milner, M.A., vicar of Box- 
hill, Surrey, fellow of Magdalen College, Cam- 
bridge, by will, 1722, gave ,1,000 for scholar- 
ships to Cambridge from Halifax, Leeds and 
Haversham Schools, and his sister Mary added 
i200 in 1736. 

The works of John Milner, B.D. were rather 
numerous: 

(1). Conjcetanea in Isaiam IX, 1, 2, London 
quarto, 1673. This was published whilst he 
waa minister of St. John's, Leeds, and it was 
dedicated to Dr. Duport, of Magdalen College. 
Dr. Castel, Professor of Arabic at Cambridge, 
regarded this as a most excellent essay, where- 
in the author shewed incredible reading and 
diligence in perusing so many copies, versions, 
and^ various lections, with the best interpre- 
ters of Sacred Writ (Vicar. Leodiensis, 114. 
Thoresby's Leeds Church). 

(2). A Collection of the Chiirch History of 
Palestine from the birth of Christ to the be- 
ginning of the Empire of Diocletian. London, 
quarto, 1688. 

(3). A short dissertation concerning the 
four last Kings of Judah. London, quarto, 
1689. 

(4). D* Nethenim sive Nethinaeis, etc. 
Cnmbridg? (Cantab.), quarto, 1690. 

(5). An Answer to the Vindication of a Let- 
ter from a person of quality in the North, 
concerning the profession of John (Lake), late 
Bishop of Chichester. London, quarto, 1690. 

(6). A defence of the profession of John 
<l.nke), Lord Bishop of Chichester, made upon 
his death bed, concerning Passive Obedience 
and the New Oaths, with some passages of his 
Loidship's Life. London, quarto, 1690. Thores- 
by omitted to mention the two last in his 
Vicaria Loodiensis, p. 116. See Bishop John 
Lake, Halifax Author. 



(7). A defence of Archbishop Usher against 
Dr. Gary and Dr. Is. Vossiu.8, etc., Cambridge, 
octavo, 1694. 

(8). A Discourse of Conscience, etc., with 
reflections upon the author of "Christianity 
not Mysterious, etc." London, 8vo., 1697. 

(9). A View of the Dissertation upon the 
Ephistles of Phalaris, etc.. lately published by 
tlit? Rev. Dr. Bentley, also of the Examination 
of that Dissertation by the Hon Mr. Boyle. 
London, octavo, 1698. 

Tbis Dr. Richard Bentley was born at Oul- 
toii, but I believe hie ancestors went from 
Halifax. The Hon. Mr. Boyle was of the Earl 
of Burlington stock, and they had kinsfolks 
residing about Shelf and Birstal. 

(10). A brief Examination of some passages 
in the Chronological part of a Letter to Dr. 
Sherlock. 

(11). A further Examination of ditto. 

(1/2). Au Account of Mr. Locke's Religion. 
London, 8vo., 1700. 

(13). Animadversions upon Mons. LeClerc'g 
Reflections upon our Saviour, etc. Cambridge, 
octavo, 1702. 

Mr. Hirner's BOH had also the following 
n-anuscripts of his father's: 
(1). A Translation of the Targ-um. 

(2). A Chronological History from the Flood 
to our Saviour's birth. 

(3). Ditto of the five first centuries Anno 
Domini. 

(4;. Animadversions on the Historical Ac- 
ocunt of the Jewish High Priests. 

(5). An answer to or Animadversions Upon 
R.H. on Controversies. 

(6). Ditto upon T.C.'s Labyrinthus Cantu- 
arionsis (unfinished). 

(7). Animadversions upon Irenicum. 

(8). A Vindication of the Church of Eng. 
land in reference to Antiphones, Responds, 
etc. 

(9). A Latin comment on i>art of Genesis. 

(10). Ditto upon Psalm I, 42. 

(11). Diatriba de igne Purgatorio. 

(12). Fax nova Linguae Sanctae. 

Professor Gower, of Cambridge, gave Thores- 
bv the following character otf Mr. Milner: 
"Great learning and piety made him really 
a great man; he was eminent in both, and no- 
tl ing but his humility and modesty kept him 
fiom being more noted for beyig so. He wae 
a blessing to ihe whole society by the ex- 
ample he gave in every good thing. He died 
beloved, and much lamented here, and his 
memory is honourable and precioin amongst 
as, and will long continue so." 



56 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



XLI. BISHOP JOHN LAKE. 



In the notice of John Milner we have re- 
ferred to a Defence and Life of his brother- 
in-law, Bishop Lake, 1680, and an A,nswer to 
a Vindication, concerning the Bishop, 1690. 
Lord Ma-caulay's graphic account of the Trial 
of the Seven Bishops will perpetuate the name 
of Dr. Lake, who was born (as Mr. Watson 
eays) in Petticoat Lame, Halifax. His name 
appears in the Halifax Registers, December 
5, 1624, in the baptisms, and his father's name 
wab Thomas Lake. The family name had not 
been long known in Halifax parish. From 
Halifax Grammar School he proceeded to St. 
John's College, Cambridge, before he was 
thirteen years old, where he was placed under 
the tuition of the poet Cleveland, whose 
"Poems, Orations, Epistles, etc.," Mr. Lake 
and Dr. Drake, vicar of Pontefract, collected 
into one volume, to which they prefixed Cleve- 
land's Life and Parentalia, and dedicated the 
book to Bishop Turner. Master of St. John's; 
London, octavo, 1687. 

Soon after reaching his B.A., he was made 
prisoner at Cambridge with the royal party, 
but escaping, he fled to Oxford, and remained 
four years with the King-'s army, there and at 
Basing House, Wallingford, etc. When the 
royal cause was at its lowest state he refused 
the engagement as ho had done the Covenant 
before, and entered into Episcopal orders. On 
JaJy 26th, 1647, he preached his first sermon 
as Lecturer at Halifax Church, but times were 
very unsettled, and by 1652 he had removed 
to Oldham. In my Yorkshire Genealogist will 
be found a portrait of this Halifax worthy. 
It is likely he held the post equivalent to the 
vicar of Halifax, 1647 to 1650, before Robert 
Booth. On May 21, 1660. he was made vicar 
of Leeds, but the populace were intent on hav- 
ing the puritan preacher, Mr. Eldward Bowles, 
of York, and barred the church doors against 
Mr. Lake. To secure his induction the officials 
had to send for soldiers, amd he thus got 
possession. He preached the first Synod ser- 
mon at York with such satisfaction that Dr. 
Hitch, of Guiseley, desired a copy of it, and 
shewed it to Bishop Sheldon, of London, who 
gave Mr. Lake the rectory of St. Botolph's 
Bishopsgate, London, by which means he be- 
came intimate with Dean Bancroft of Canter- 
bury. In October, 1668, for some unaccount- 
able reason he returned to the north, and be- 
came rector of Prestwich, and in July, 1670, 
prebendary at both York and Southwell, and 
rector of Carlton in Notts. As Residentiary 
at York he became unpopular because he 
stopped the custom of walkino- about in the 
Cathedral whilst service was being held in the 
Chapel, and a mob had to be driven off the 



roof of his house, by the deputy-governor. In 
May, 1671, he became Master of Magdalene 
Hospital, near Baiwtry, and in October, 1680, 
Archdeacon of Cleveland. The Earl of Derby 
gave him the Bishopric of Sodor and Man 
December, 1682, and Charles II. translated him 
to Bristol in August, 1684. James II. ad- 
vanced him in October, 1685, to the Bishopric 
of Chichester. In April, 1688, he, with Arch- 
bishop Sancroft, ajnd five other Bishops, peti- 
tioned the King stating their reasons for dis- 
obeying the royal order as to reading the 
Declaration for Liberty of Conscience. They 
refused to appear before the King's Bench as 
peers, and were committed to the Tower of 
London, June 8th. The great trial took place 
15th to 29th, when they were released amidst 
almost national rejoicings. He refused to 
taka the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy 
to King William and Queen Mary, for which 
he was suspended from office, and would have 
been deprive! had he lived a little longer. On 
August 27th, 1689, he signed a declaration, 
which may be found in Watson's Halifax, 
about twenty lines, on non-resistance and 
passive obedience. 

This declaration caused many pamphlets to 
be published for and against, and caused a 
national agitation on the subject, which had 
hitherto been unthought of. Bishop Lake 
wiws buried at St. Botolph's, September 3rd, 
1689, aged nearly 65. 

He was author of "A Sermon preached at 
Whitehall, May 29th, 1670, published by His 
Majesty's command," London, 1671. Also, 
"The True Christian's Character and Crown, 
preached in St. Botolph's Church, July 15th, 
1669, at the Funeral of Mr. William Cade, 
Deputy of that Ward." London, quarto, 1671. 

"A Defence of the Profession of John Lake, 
Bishop of Chichester, which he made on his 
death-bed, with some passages of his Life," 
qiiarto pamphlet^ London, 1690. Both these 
pamphlets are in York Minster Library. 



XLII. THREE MORE BISHOPS: 
FARRER, HORSFALL AND TILSON. 



Th?re is little doubt that Robert Farrer, the 
Mairtyr, to whom there is a monument in 
Halifax Church, was a native of Ewood, near 
Kebden-bridge. Thoresby and Wright corro- 
borate the statement. The Farrers were a 
loading family in Halifax parish for three 
centuries after the Reformation, the head of 
thi Etwood family being county magistrates 
in Stuart times. The Bishop owned land at 
Revey near Wibsey, and Dr. Johnson, a Ponte- 
fract antiquary, says in his Yorkshire manu- 
scripts, that he left lands called Threaphead. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



57 



four miles from Halifax, to his friends. 
Possibly this place is near Wibsey. When a 
vcujij? man, he became a Canon regular of the 
Order of St. Austin. He was at St. Marie's 
College, Oxford, associated with the Order in 
1526 and 1533. He had been partly educated 
at Cambridge. He became Chaplain to Arch- 
bishop Cranmer, and contrary to the practice 
and orders of the popish clergy he followed 
tho example of Cranmer in entering the 
marriage state. Willis, in his Cathedrals, I., 
125, says ho was the last Prior of Nostel, near 
Barnsley, to which was annexed the prebend 
of Bramham in York Cathedral, and that he 
surrendered his Convent in 1540, having a 
pension of .100 per annum allowed him, 
which he received until his promotion in 1547, 
or 1548. to the Welsh Bishopric of St. David's. 
I have a copy of a scarce portrait of the Bis- 
hop. Mr. Watson thought that Anthony Wood 
and Willis treated his character too severely 
when they Rtate that "he became a most 
misorable dilapi^ator, yielding up everything 
to craven courtiers." In the reign of Edward 
VI., fifty-six articles and informations were, 
laid against him by various persons, some of 
high standing, and on the fall of his patron 
thf Duke of Somerset, he was detained in 
prison, until Mary ascended the throne, and 
fiesh troubles came upon him as to faith and 
doctrine, negligence, superstition, covetous- 
ness and folly. On February 4th. 1555, he was 
examined before the Lord Chancellor (the 
Bishop of Winchester) and others, and on the 
14th was sent into Wales for condemnation, 
his successor, Dr. Henry Morgan, popish Bis- 
hoo of St. David's, condemned him to be de- 
graded and burned at Caermarthen on the 
south side of the Market-cross, March 30th, 
1555, for refusing to renounce his "heresies, 
schisms, and errors." He never flinched at 
the stake, and was beaten down with a staff. 
Fox, in his Book of Martyrs, vindicates Bis- 
hop Farier against the statements of Bishop 
Godwin, Wood, and others. Most trivial 
things were reported against him such as 
riding a Scottish pad, with bridle of white 
studs and snaffle, white Scottish stirrups and 
white spurs, wearing a hat instead of a cap, 
whistling to his child, blaming the scarcity of 
herrings to the covetousness of fisher's who 
tool* too many breeders previously, and sug- 
gest mg that a penny coin should be a penny's 
worth of the same metal. Two of his chief per- 
secutors had been removed from their livings 
by Lira for lucre and shameless whoredom, yet 
one became Archbishop of York (Dr. Young), 
and the other Bishop of Bangor (Dr. Merrick). 
Farrer's chief fault was that he had been 
chaplain to the Lord Protector, Somerset. In 
tho Harleian MSS. (420 Catalogue) are papers 
on Bishop Farrer's trial that are not printed 



in Fox's Martyrs. (Vol. 5 of Fox's papers from 
Strype). A Mannaduke Farrer, curate of 
Luddenden, was buried in 1606. 

John Horsfall was descended from the Hors- 
falls of Homfall, the old homestead, now a 
substantial farmhouse near Cross-stone Church 
He held a living in Yorkshire, but about 1585 
became Bishop of Kilkenny, Ireland. I be- 
lieve he is the same I.H. (John Horsfall,) trans- 
lator of Nicholas Hemming's ''The Preacln-r." 
London, 1574, 16mo., also 1576, see Lowndes' 
Bibl. under the heading Hemming. Besides 
a daughter who married into a wealthy 
Irish family of Kilkenny, he had a 
son Sir Cyprian Horsfall, whose daughter is 
now represented by her descendant, Sir J nines 
Langridge. of Kilkenny, and Lucan. Bishop 
Horsfall's monument, a coat-of-arms, only, 
impaling his wife's arms. I saw a month ego 
'August, 1904), at St. Canice Cathedral, where 
he was succeeded as Bishop by another Hali- 
faix man. Dr. Deane, in 1690. Recently I have 
teceived a photograph of the monument from 
Sir James' talented Lrother, whose artistic 
and antiquarian tastes are displayed in the 
renovations at Kilkenny Cathedral. 

The following possibly refers to the Bishop : 

From Depositions, Durham Ecclesiastical 
Court (Surteea Society, XXL, 1845.) 

Against Robert Waugh and John Ra.we, 
Aipril 27, 1567, "circa horam septimam predicti 
sacrilegas manus in quendam Johannem 
Horsfall, clerioum injecturi, venemnt ad 
dictum Johannem in villain et rectoriam de 
Weahington, Ac. 

"Nowe we are glade Horsfall, that we have 
got thee here, thou hast done our kinswoman 
Isabell Hinde a displeasure, and we will make 
thi skinne make her amendes, and, by God's 
woundes rather than thou use her thus thou 
shalt beare me thy backfall of strockes," 
holding and shaking his btaffe at the said 
Horsfall. At which words one Robert Waugh 
came there also, grinning and shaking a lance 
staff, and sware "by God's blood that shalt 
thou do," and throwing his staff down drew 
out his dagger, stroke at him and cawght the 
said Horsfall by the shoulder, holding the 
dagger at his hart, and said, "Yea, by God's 
hart thou shalt either make her amends or 
this dagger shalbe thi deathe." Wherat the 
said Horsfall, being amased, said, "Sirs, I 
aave no money." Yes, quod Wawghe, that 
hast thou, theefe, and let me eee it. Where- 
upon the said Horsfall purse being opened 
there was found in it 7s., which the said 
Wawghe took then and there, and as Isabell 
Hind confessed in this court gave afterward to 
her 5s., and kept 2s. to himself. Which thing 
being done they caused Horsfall there to sit 
down aind to make a bill of 3 debt of his 
hand-writing sealed. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



From Depositions, Durham Ecclesiastical 
Court. (Surtees Society, XXI., 1845.) 

Kobert Smith, of Foxton, aged fifty, said 
that he was in the church of Sedgefield in the 
time of service (17 Nov., 1568), when the said 
Bryan Headlam did disquiet Mr. Horefall. 
there curate, with speaking to him at that 
time, viz., the said curate thought the two 
penitents sat too high up in the church and 
spoke to them, and specially to one of them, 
to sit lower, amd at last she so did, and there 
stood a young man near her whom the said 
curate a*9d whether that: she was his wench 
or no and Bryan replied to the curate She 
may be youres if ye will;" and the said Bryan 
had on his cap at the time of morning prayer. 
Fine I2d. imposed on Headlam. 

Henry Tilson is said to have been a native 
of Halifax parish, but of which township is 
not known. The name has been common m 
Soverby and Ovenden. He entered Baliol 
College', Oxford, in 1593, and his baptism 
should be found at Halifax in 1576 or he may 
have been baptized at Heptonstall. In 1596 
he took his B.A., and got a Fellowship in Uni- 
versity College, where he took his degree of 
MA 'in October, 1615, he succeeded R. Kenioi 
in" the Vicarage of Rochdale. After some 
years residence there he went as Chaplain t 
th- Barl of Strafford, Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland, who made him Dean of Christ Church 
Dublin Pro. Vice-Chancellor of Dublin Uni- 
versity,' and Bishop of Elphin on September 
23 1639 but was driven ajway soon afterwards 
on the breaking out of the Irish rebellion. 
His son, Captain Henry Tilson, was governor 
of ElpMn Castle, and joined Mr Charles Coot 
against the King, so the Bishop delivered the 
Castle into the hands of the Lord President of 
Connaught, and .about the same time t n eB ls - 
hop's library and goods were pillaged by Egan, 
the titular Bishop, to the damage of <400. He 
escaped to relatives at Soothill Hall, near 
Dewsbury, where he remained three years in 
poverty. As his family comprised thirteen 
persons he eked out a subsistence by consec- 
rating a room in the Hall in which to hold 
services, and ^as aided by local gentlemen, 
until Sir William Wentworth, of Bretton Hall, 
gave him the curacy of Cumberworth. Thus 
the Bishop became a curate. Walpole, in MB 
"Anecdotes of Painters," III., 103, (1763), re- 
fers to a nephew of the Bishop's, and the 
Tileona remained at Soothill Hall more than 
a century after Bishop Tilson's death, which 
is recorded in the Dewebury Register: 

"Henry Lord Bishop of Elphin, buried 
April 2nd, 1655," and in the Soothill Chapel, 
at Dewsbury, south-east corner, a monument 
bore the inscription: "P.M. Reverendi in 
Christo Patris Henrici Tilson, (Hen. F.) Epie 
juxta Halifax, in agro Eboracenci; denati 31 



die Martii, A' 1665 in eodem agro. Viri ob 
eruditionem et pietatem insignis." The Til- 
son arms, very similar to the Tilloteon's, are 
engraved on .the monument. I am not aware 
that any printed effusion of his exists. 



XLIII. MATTHEW SMITH, M.A., AND 
TWO JOHN SMITHS. 

This gentleman was born in the city of 
York in 1650, and was advanced to Edinburgh 
University, where he took the degree 1 of M.A. 
On leaving Scotland he began his ministry 
as a Nonconformist at Warley and Mixen- 
den alternately. At the latter place the dis- 
senters were chiefly Antinomians, and Mr. 
Smith had only one encouraging supporter at 
the beginning of his labours, namely John 
Hanson, and the Magistrates at that time 
were very active in prosecuting Nonconfor- 
mists. He was obliged to preach secretly, 
and had often to hide himself from informers 
and soldiers, yet he was fortunate enough to 
elude their vigilance, and eventually he 
gathered a flourishing congregation. At one 
time he had to conceal himself at York, and 
again fled into Halifax parish for safety. He 
had a living of 200 per annum offered, but 
declined it as he refused to conform. In the 
latter part of lids life he was afflicted with 
the palsy, and died April 29th, 1736, aged 
85, and was buried at Mixenden. His book 
that created a great stir on account of a 
supposed want of orthodoxy, which troubled 
Oliver Hey wood and others, was "The True 
Notion of Imputed Righteousness and our 
Justification thereby, being a supply of what 
is lacking in Bishop Stillingfleets book, &c., 
by the Rev. M. S., a country minister." This 
was an octavo* volume, printed at London in 
1700. In the same year, and often bound 
up with it, he issued "A Defence of the 
foregoing Doctrine against some growing 
opposition among Neighbours, Ministers and 
others." Mr. Thwesby had in his Leeds 
Museum a manuscript work by Mr. Smith 
entitled "A Treatise concerning the Decrees 
of God. There are likewise printed Five 
Sermons, to which the editor, his son, the 
Rev. John Smith, of Mixenden, afterwards 
of Bradford, prefixed his father's life, and 
added three discourses of his own, London 
1737. The book contains 280 pages, a copy be- 
ing in possession of Mr. G. T. Rothera, 
Halifax. John Smith died at Bradford, April 
7th, 1768, after a stroke of palsy, or fit, four 
days previously. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



59 



Mr. Joseph Hunter notices in his life of 
Hywucd, that the latter preached the funer- 
al sermon of a daughter of Mr. Matthew 
Smith of Mixendeu, January 19th, 1699, and 
remarks that she was buriea at the chapel, 
one of the first instances of Congregational- 
ists interring at the newly erected meeting 
liouses, though the Friends' had long practis- 
ed it. Hunter states that this 'Mr. Smith 
was the first of the early ministers to defend 
a "More rational Christianity," that is 
verging towards Unitariamism, and that he 
was the father of Mr. Smith, minister at 
Bradford, and grandfather of Mr. Smith, 
minister at Selby, who was in 1842 living, a 
minister Emeritus. He died at Mixenden, 
June 29, 1854, aged 95. In the year 1699, there 
was much uneasiness in the Nonconformist 
circle about Mr. Smith's "declensions," and 
he had written to Mr. Heywood in explana- 
tion. Someone also circulated a paper con- 
taining the new theories the year before 
beginning of theological ruptures. Mr. Smith 
had boen ordained to the ministry by Mr. 
Heywood, who was deeply concerned at the 
biginning of theological ruptures. Mr. Smith 
in 1687, ministered to two congregations, 
one at John Hanson's in Mixenden, and the 
other at John Hall's at Kipping, where he 
first received an invitation to preach, and 
had laboured some years, unordained. He 
waa ordained at John Buiry's Shuckden (or 
Sugden) Head, near Thornton, equidistant 
from both his congregations. He produced 
his diploma as M.A. of Edinburgh University 
Mr. Smith married a daughter of Lieuten- 
ant Sharp, of Horton, cousin to the Rev. 
Thomas Sharp, of Adel. Her grandfather 
had fought on the Royalist side. Mr. Smith 
not only suffered much persecution in the 
dark days before the Revolution, but mem- 
bers of his congregation became opponents 
because of his inclination to Baxterianism. 
"Practical godliness is our principal concern" 
he stated in a letter , and he described him- 
self as being neither a Oalvinist nor an Ar- 
minian, burt one that treats in media via. He 
probably settled at Thornton in 1679, but 
left them completely in 1693. The second 
Mixenden Chapel was built in r717, on 
Smith's own estate, and probably at his sole 
expense. Mr. Smith had also regular preach- 
ing services at Warley, and he also trained 
several students for the ministry, whom he 
engaged as assistants in the district. It is 
difficult to find in Smith's book anything but 
a clear belief in the doctrine of the Atone- 
ment. In 1704 he submitted the manuscript 
of a treatise on "The Decrees of God," to 



Mr. Thoresby, Leeds, which does not appear 
to have been published. He was assist- 
ed in his later years by his son, the 
Rev. John Smith, wlvo had minister- 
ed at Warley, and who succeeded his 
father on his death, in 1736 at Mixenden. 
Mr. John Smith had laboured at Warley from 
1724, and served alternately at Eastwood 
Chapel. He remained at Mixenden until 
1753, when he removed to Chapel-lane, Brad- 
ford, now Unitarian. He died in 1768, and 
was buried at Mixenden. He had gradually 
verged into Arianism in his later years. He 
published a "Treatise on Natural and Reveal- 
ed Religion-," and a volume of Sermons, 
principally his father's, to which he prefixed 
a memoir of his father. Another son, Isaac, 
Vicar of Haworth.'was an author. I have 
two curious books by him. 

To this notice I add a short paragraph in 
the hope that further light may be th"rown on 
the identity of the) conformist clergyman, 
John Smith, and on his connection with Hali- 
fax. 

The following curious book is in my posses- 
sion :. 

The Doctrine of the Church of England 
concerning the Lord's day, or Sunday Sabb- 
ath, as it is laid down in the Liturgy, Cate- 
chism and Book of Homilies ; vindicated from 
the vulgar Errors of modern writers, and 
settled upon the only proper and sure 
basis of God's Precept to Adam, and patri- 
archal practice, wherein an Essay is laid 
down to prove that the patriarchal Sabbath, 
instituted Genesis 2, 3, celebrated by the 
Patriarchs before the Mceaick Law and pro- 
nounced with the other nine precepts of the 
Decalogue from God's own mouth, Exodus 
20th, writ by God's finger in stone, deposited 
in the Ark of the everlasting Covenant, un- 
der the inspection of Cherubims, till the 
rending of the vail was the same day of the 
week, viz. Sunday, whicli Christians observe 
in memory of the perfecting of the Creation 
of the World bv the Redemption of Mankind 
celebrated by the Patriarchs in hope of their 
Resurrection by vertue of Christ's future 
Resurrection on that day (Stand ye Ac., Jer. 
6, 16), London, at the Three Bibles in St. 
Paul's Churchyard ; Francis Bentley in 
Hallifax ; and Ephraim Johnston in Man- 
chester, Booksellers, 1694. 

This is a small octavo book, of xxii un- 
numbered pages, and pages 1-291. Pages 
iii-viii contain the Epistle Dedicatory to 
the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, signed 
your Sacred Majesties most Humble Subject, 
John Smith. His name does not appear on 



60 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



the title-page. The preface to the Intelli- 
gent Readers fills pages ix-xxi and is 
signed Your Servant in our Common Lord, 
J.S. The writer maintained that Saturday 
Sabbath was only local and temporary, pecu- 
liar to the Jews, and Sunday Sabbath was 
the Patriarchial rest day blessed by God, and 
restored in Christianity. The Jews adopted 
the 6th day from their first night's rest after 
leaving Efeypt. The body of Smith's book is 
divided into chapters, which shew not only 
great knowledge of the Bible but wide ac- 
quaintance with theological works of 'his 
time. By references to Kirby Kendal, Kirby 
Steven, Kirby Lunsdale, he was evidently 
acquainted with Westmoreland. His treatise 
shews that the Patriarchs had places for 
worship, priests with tithes, festival days, 
weekly worship, computation of time, God's 
prolepsis or rest, ancient poets, Jewish and 
heathen, Christian Fathers, Justin Martyr's 
prtotest, and numerous other well-digested 
headings indicate the learning and versatility 
of this divine in compiling a book of attract- 
ive interest from a subject seemingly trivial 
and useless. At page 243 he finishes, but at 
245 he resumes by an address to the most 
Reverend and Right Reverend Fathers in 
God the Lords Archbishops and Bishops of 
the Church of England, the Author's humble 
apology for stiling this Tract "The Doctrine 
of the Church of England." As guardians 
of our Churches doctrine I think it my duty 
to make this apology. I learnt from the 
Church Catechism when a catechumen obli- 
gations by vertue of my Baptismal Vow and 
sureties are charged to see that their God 
Children teach them" not as a Ohoak-pear 
instead of Pap. This is signed Your Lord- 
ships devoted in all Filial and Dutiful Obser- 
vance, John Smith. 

Of Isaac Smith, another clerical son, we 
shall have further notice in two phamphlets. 



XLIV. JAMES BOLTON. 



I think it has been conclusively proved by 
Dr. F. Arnold Lees and in the "Flora of Hali- 
fax" that James Bolton supplied the Cata- 
logue of Halifajx plants thait appears in 
Watson's History of Halifax, 1775, but it is 
known that he recorded the Killarney fern as 
growing at Bingley in 1758. In a memoran- 
dum book kept by Mrs. Ralph, wife of the 
Rev. Jchn Ralph, of Northgate End Chapel, 
Halifax, under date January, 1799, is the 
entry: On Monday, the 7th instant, died of 
a rapid decline the self-taught painter and 



naturalist, Mr. Jamee Bolton, much regretted 
by all who knew his modest worth, and par- 
ticularly by those of his friends who had the 
most frequent opportunities of enjoying his 
conversation, and were best acquainted with 
his merit. His kind notice of my Sophia and 
wish to improve her in drawing I shall never 
forget, and -the valuable paintings given to 
me by him I shall ever value and keep ar? 
memorials of him." Unfortunately this 
notice dote not rnontiou his birthplace, age, 
or place of interment. Bolton is one of the 
few Halifax worthies whose memoir appears 
in the new Dictionary of National Biography. 
He contributed sever, (signed) plates dra,wn 
by him, and engraved by James Sowerby to 
Rellian's Flora of Cambridge, 1785, and in 
the same year he published 

FILICES BRITANNICJE. 

A History of the British Proper Ferns, with 
plain and accurate descriptions and new 
figures of all the species and varieties, by 
James Bolton, of Halifax, London, B. White, 
(Leeds, 1785) quarto, pages xvi., 59, price 
13s. 6d., coloured 27s. There are thirty-one 
copper plates, and the introduction, in which 
he states that he drew send etched the whole 
himself from careful inspection of the plants, 
choosing to do so though he had never prac- 
tised th art of etching. In 1790 he issued 
(from the Hnddersfield Press) the second vol- 
ume, chiefly devoted to the horse-tails, and 
containing fifteen plates. The work has al- 
ways commandei the esteem of naturaJiets. 
His careful precision is noted by the signa- 
tures on some of the plates, thus, "Etched 
en the copper immediately from the plant, 
September 26, 17BO, J. Bolton, Stannary near 
Halifax." Bradford Fre-s Library has a 
copy. In the Todmorden Free library 
is a copy of Bol ton's Ferrs, v*>-"h an auto- 
graph letter i>y him to James Dickson, the 
London botanist. Edward Robson, or Darl- 
ington, was numbered emongst his botanical 
friends. His great work in Funguses was now 
well advanced; "A History of Funguses grow- 
ing about Halifax, with forty-four copper 
plates on wliich are engraved fifty-one specien 
of Agarfcs, wherein their varieties and vari- 
ous appearances in the different stages of 
growth are faithfully exhibited in more than 
200 figures copied with great care from the 
plants when newly gathered and in a state of 
perfection. With BI particular description of 
each species in all its stages, from the first 
appearance to the utter decay of the plant, 
with the time when they v,er^ gathered, the 
soil and situation in which they grew, their 
duration, and the particular places mentioned 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



61 



where all the new or rare species were found. 
The whole beintf a plain recital of facts, tho 
result of more than twenty years' observa- 
tions, by Jamed Bolton, member of the Nat. 
Hist. Society at Edinburgh." Printed for the 
Author, and sold in Halifax by him and by 
.T. Milner, bookseller, 1788; 3 volumes, quarto. 

Vol. I. Title, dedication to the Earl of 
GainGborough, introduction dated January 1, 
1788, xvi pages History of Agarics growing 
about Halifax, 44 pages, and 2 pages of names. 
The plates were 44 in number (1 to 44,) all 
drawn and engraved, by the Author, besides a 
\ignette or. page v, and rai emjraved :i;'!i- 
iional title by Bolton, "Historia Fungorum 
circn Halifax pponte nascentium, torn. I." 

Vol. II. Hudiersfield, printed for the Au- 
thor by J. Brook, bookseller, soil by W. 
Edwards and Sons, and J. Milner, Halifax; 
1788. Title, introduction continued xix 
xxv. History of .Agarics continued. 45 73. 
and 2 pages of names. Arrangement of Aga- 
rics pages xxv. to xxxii. The two volumes 
are in Bradford Free Library. 

History of Funguses continued, pages 74 
92 Index of names, cne page. 48 plates 
numbered 45 to 92 all by the Author. 

Vol. TIL Huddersfield, printed by J. Brook 
for thv? Author at Stannary near Halifax, 
1789; Title, introduction continued, pages 
xxvii to xxxii History of Funguses con- 
tinued, pages 93 to 138, with 4 pages of namee. 
The 46 plates are not: numbered. 

A Supplement, 1791, forming Vol. IV. Title, 
introduction continued, pages xxxiii to xlii. 
Appendix, pages 139 to 182. General index, 
twelve unnumbered payee. Forty-four plates. 

The copies with coloured plates at eight 
guineas are on the best royal paper, the un- 
coloured copies are on an inferior paper. 
There are 182 copper plates bearing 231 species 
exhibited in about 900 figures. The original 
platog are believed to have been burnt when 
Exton Hall was destroyed by fire in 1810, but 
some other drawings, which the Earl of 
Gainsborough received from Bolton, are now 
in the British Museum. 

Bol ton's next work was 

HAEMONIA RTJRALIS, 
or an F/*av towards a Natural History of 

BRITISH SONG BIRDS, 
illustrated with figaiea the size of life of the 
birds, male and female, in their most natural 
attitudes; their nst and eggs, food favourite 
plants, shrubs, trees, etc., faithfully drawn, 
engraved and coloured after nature; by James 
Bolton. 2 volume*, quarto, 1794 and 1796, 
each containing forty coloured plates. A 



new edition was published in 1830, a> copy 
being in Bradford Free Library. The first 
edition is exceedingly rare, and fetches seven 
guineas now. There is one in Todmorden Free 
Library. 

From a letter, dated from Stannary-yard, 
February, 1792, we find that he was aided in 
obtaining specimen birds by his son Thomas, 
and his friend John Ingham, master of Cock- 
pit School, Illingworth. (Halifax Guardian, 
May 10, 1879.) Inghi m, in 1782, had noted in 
l.is memorandum book that Thomas Bolton 
owned 400 butterflies, 40 hawks, hundreds of 
mothe, a great number of beetles, etc. 

The "Halifax Flora/' gives a list of the 
Bolton drawings (in colours), in the British 
Museum a<s under: 

(1) Original drawings of Bolton's Ferns, ex- 
cept those for eight platee. 

(2) Halifax Fungi, 24 drawings, none of these 
used in the printed volume. 

(3) Fifty flowers drawn fiom nature at Hali- 
fax by James Bolton, 1785-7, purchased by 
the Museum from William Home, F.G.S., 
Leyburn, who still has sixteen water colour 
drawings of flowers by -Bolton. 

This is a splendid record for the father oi 
Halifax Naturalists. Surely a portrait of this 
local worthy, if in existence, should be secured 
for Halifax Town's Museum. 



XLV. DR. MATTHEW STJTCLIFFE, 
(Dean of Exeter). 

The Sutcliffos aro distinctly of Yorkshire 
origin if not of local birth. From the origin 
of surnames we find the Sutcliffes, of South- 
oliffe, and Noroliffes of Northcliffe in the ext- 
ern portion of Halifax parish, and I have 
little doubt that all bearing these gurnames 
have spmng from parentages of this locality. 
Whether Mrs. Anne Sutcliffe can be distinct- 
ly traced from Halifax parish or not I am 
unable to state. She wrote "Mediations of 
Man's Mortalitie, or a Way to true Blessed- 
ness," a small duodecimo book, 1634, to which 
Ben Johnson and George Withers contribut- 
ed commendatory verses. Mr. E. J. Walker 
conclusively proved in his "Halifax Guard- 
ian" articles that the celebrated divine Mat- 
thew Sutcliffe was a native of Halifax parish, 
and the list of his books demands a fuller 
notice than I can give at present, for the only 
work of his in my possession is a Latin book 
on the Monkish priesthood : 

MATTHAEI SVTLIVII 

de Monachis, corjumque institutis et mori- 
bus aduersus Robertunft Bellarminum, vni- 



2 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



utrsaruq; monachoram et mendicantium fra- 
trum colluuiem disputatio. 

Mktth. 7 Attendite a falsis prophetis. 

Matth. 15 Omnis plantatio, &o. 
Habent (monaohi) suae obeeruantias regularee, 
quas carnalibus suis operibus calcant, milit- 
antes magis carni, quam Christo, &c. 

Ikousum Londini per E)dm. Bollifantum 
1600. 

This is a small quarto, and is rather ex- 
ceptionally paged, having the figures for each 
leaf and not each page. There are 152 leaves. 
In the York Minster Library there is a good 
assemblage of Sutcliffe's works, as under: 
SUTCLIFPE, MATTHEW, Dean of Exeter. 
A. Treatise of Ecclesiasticall Discipline, 1590. 
The same, 1571. 
De Presbyterio, ejusque nova in Ecclesia 

Christiana^ Politieia, 1591. 
De Catholica, Orthodoxa, et vera Christi 

Ecclesia Libri duo, 1592. 
An Answer to a Certaine Libel Supplica- 

torie, 1592. 
An Answer unto a defence of J. Throkmor- 

ton, 11595. 

The Examination of Mr. Thomas Cart- 
wright's late Aipologie, 1596. 
Du Turcopsjpismo, 1599. 
The same, octavo size, 1604. 
Adversus R. Bellarmini de Purgatorio Die- 

putationem, 1599. 
Do PoEtifice Romano, 1599. 
The same octavo size, 1605. 
A Briefe Replie to a Cortaine Odious and 

Slanderous Libel by (Anon), 1600. 
A Briefe Refutation of a certain Calniu 

nious B/elation of the Conference passed 

betwixt the Lord of Plessis Marli and 

I. Peron, 1600. 
De vera Christi Ecclesia, adversus Rob. 

Bellarinum, 1600. 
De Conciliis et eorum Authoritafee adv. 

Rob. Bolla<rminum, 1600. 
De Monachis (as in my copy), 1600. 
A Challenge concerning the Romish Church, 

her Doctrine and Practises, 1602. 
De Missa Papistica, 1603. 
The Supplication of certaine Masse-prieets 

falsely called Catholics, with an answer, 

1604 
A Full and Round Answer to N. D., alias 

Robert Parsons the Noddie, his foolish 

and rude Warne-word, 1604. 
An Abridgement or Survey of Poperie unto 

Matthew Kellison's Newe Religion, 1606. 

This has sold for 18s 

The Examination end Confutation of a cer- 
taine scurrilous treatise entitled "The 

Survey of the Newe Religion," published 

by Matthew Kellieon, 1606. 



The Subversion cf R. Parsons his confused 
and worthless worke entitled "A Treatise 
of three Conversions of England, 1606. 

A Threefold Answer unto the third part of 
a certain Trioblar Treatise of three sup- 
posed Conversions of England, 1606. 

A Briefe Examination of a oertaino perem- 
ptorie menacing and disleal petition pre- 
sented to the King's most excellent 
Majesty Diedioated to Arqhbishop Atat- 
hew, York, (proof sheets with corrections), 
1606 

The same, 1606. 

All the above, unless otherwise stated, are 
the usual small quarto size. 

In the Minster Library there is also a book 
by Matthew Sutcliffa that is so different in 
topic that we may assume it was written by 
another maoi of the same names as the Dean 
of Exeter. This is entitled "The Practice, 
Proceedings and Lawes of Armes, described 
out of the Doings of the most valiant and ex- 
pert Captaines. London, printed by C. Barker, 
1593, small quarto, 342 pages, with a dedica- 
tion to the Earl of Essex, and a preface. This 
i-ook has fetched from 7s. to 53s. at book sales. 

We may add that Lowndes gives some of 
the 1:1 les in fuller detail than the Mmeter 
Library Catalogue; thug "A Treatise of Ec- 
clesiastic all Discipline," 1590, contains 230 
pages with dedication to the Earl of Bath and 
epistle to the reader. The colophon is dated 
1591. 

"An answer to a certain Supplication rather 
deff amatory, &c. put imder the name and 
title of a petition directed to her Majestic," 
London, Christr. Barker, 1592, is dedicated to 
Sir Edm. Anderson, L.C.J., of Common Pleas. 
This has been sold at 1. 

"An Answer unto a certaine calumnious 
Letter published by M. Job Throkmorton, en- 
titled A Defence against the Slanders of M. 
Sutcliffe," printed by the deputies of Chr. 
Barker, London, 4to., 1594, is a curious tract 
containing a great deal of information re- 
specting the intrigues of the Puritans in the 
time of Queen Elizabeth. The 1595 issue has 
been sold by auction at 19s. and 21s. 

"De Tureopapismo, adversue Gul Giffordi 
Calvinoturoisimum," 1592, has been sold at 
14s. 

A Challenge concerning the Romish Church 
her doctrine and practises, published first 
against Robert Parsons and now against 
Frier Garnet, 1602, has been sold for 4s. 6d. 

The "Subversions of Robert Parsons, &c.," 
has fetched from 6s. to 30a. at sales. 

"The TJnmasking of a Masse-Monger, who 
in tie ocunterfeit habit of S. Augustine hath 
cunningly crept into th<i closets of many 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



63 



English I. ;u lies, was printed at London in 
1626, quarto, and another of Sutcliffe's books 
not to be found at York, is "The Blessings 
of Mount Gerizim and the Curses on Mount 
Ebal; or the happy estate of Protestants com- 
pared with the miserable estate of Papists, 
was issued from London, without date, small 
quarto. This has sold at 13s. and 16s. 

It is questionable whether this long list 
completes the controversial publications, 
Latin and English, of Doan Sutcliffe, further 
particulars of whom may be found in Western 
Notes and Queries. 

Robert Parsons, alias N. Dolman, the 
Jesuit drew forth treatises by Edmund Bunny 
and Matthew Sutcliffe and Cartwright's list 
of books also hinges with Sutcliffe's. Parson's 
replies includes Brief Replio to divers mali- 
cious imputations by O. EL (Dr. Matthew Sut- 
cliffe), 1600; Detection of Notable Untruths 
gathered out of Mr. Sutcliffe's New Challenge, 
1602, twelvemo; A Confutation of a Vaunting 
Challenge made by O. E. (Sutcliffe), unto N. 
D. by W. R., 1603, octavo; Answer to O. E. 
whether papists or protestants be true Cath- 
olics, 1603, octavo. 

Thomas Cartwright's reply is "A brief Ap- 
ologie of Thomas Cartwright against all such 
slaunderous accusations as it pleaseth Mr. 
Sutcliffe in his severall pamphlettes most in- 
juriously to loade him with," 1596, quarto 
tract. 

Matthew Sutcliffe and Canon Thomas Bell 
of York were great writers and controversia- 
lists in the Romanist disputes, especially 
against Robert Parsons, and in a minor way 
five Yorkshire clergymen entered the lists 
Thomas Morton of York, afterwards Bishop 
of Durham, Edmund Bnnny of Bolton Percy, 
Francis Bunny, Robert Cook of Leeds, and 
Dr. John Favour of Halifax. Of the first 
three, Sutcliffe Bell and Parsons, it is diffi- 
cult to state which made use of the most 
violent and reprehensible language. Dr. 
Favour's "Antiquitio triumphing over Novel- 
tie," 1619, dedicated to Archbishop Toby 
Matthew, speaks of the Archbishop's famous 
library, now ut Yo^k Minsteri, as under: 
"Those multitudes of authors, sacred, pro- 
fane, old, new, friends and foes, with whose 
works your graces' great and good library 
is plertifully furnished." "Seeing I hold that 
the most ancient Religion is the best, why 
should I not offer it to the most ancient Doc- 
tor of Divinitie that I heare of in this land, 
and the most ancient Bishop both for age 
and oonsecrtion that I know in our Church, 
who hath not only read all the Ancient 
Fathers with a diligent eye, but hath also 
noted them with a judicious pen (as mine eyes 



are witnesses, and, God reward you for such 
my libertie), and made continuall use of them 
in his sermons as ;>ny ancient Father in our 
Natim, shall I say? Yea in all Christendoms 
as I dare say and do verily beleeve." 



XLVI. CALDERDAiLE KAiLWAY. 

A small booklet, the "Companion to the 
Manchester and Leeds Railway," 4i inches 
by 2i, with a small folding map dated 1841, 
was printed by Nicholson and Wilson, print- 
ers, Halifax, 96 pages, price Is. It is one of 
the rarest of modern Halifax books, so a 
description of its contents may be service- 
able. Four sections of railways were eventu- 
ally constructed joining Liverpool and Hull -. 

1. Liverpool to Manchester, 1824, Act 
1826; opened September 16, 1832. 

2. Manchester to Leeds, 1831, be. 

3. Leeds to Selby, Act 1830; opened Sep- 
tember 22, 1834. 

4. Selby to Hull, Act 1836; opened July 
1, 1841. 

The Manchester to Leeds Company was 
formed in 1831> when George Stephenson an-' 
James Walker, civil engineers, were engaged 
to survey the route, and an Act was applied 
for covering the distance from Manchester 
to Brighouse, 34i miles, but shortened to 
Sowerby Bridge subsequently. The Bill was 
introduced on February 28, 1831, by Lord 
Morpeth, and read the second time on March 
llth, but a dissolution of Parliament came 
in April. On June 28th the re-introduced 
Bill, extending the line from Sowerby Bridge 
to Leeds, via Brighouse, was committed after 
two readings, and on the 12th of July after 
seven days investigation was thrown out by 
a Committee of 18 against 15. In October, 
1885, a new Company was formed with a 
capital of .800,000, and a Bill was introduced 
in February, 1836, and passed both Houses 
notwithstanding the opposition of the Canal 
Companies and land proprietors, receiving 
the Royal Assent July 4th, 1836. The inhabi- 
tants of Halifax held a meeting on October 
21st, 1836, and resolved to ask the Company 
to make a branch to Halifax town, and the 
Royal Assent was obtained on July 1st, 1639. 
Mr. Robert Gill was the manager and Mr. 
Gooch (under Mr. Stephensou) the engineer. 
The first sod was out on August 18, 1837, and 
the lino opened from Manchester to Little- 
borough on July 3rd, 1839, and the section 
from Hebden Bridge to Normanton, 27$ miles, 
on October 5th, 1840, and the intervening sec- 
tion on Jaunary 4th, 1841, except Summit 



64 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Tunnel which was not finished until March 
let, when the Directors, accompanied by a 
band of music, rode to Normanton, the carri- 
ages being decorated with flags, &c. The 
Guide book at page 39 enters on the York- 
shire boundary at Gauxholme Viaduct of 17 
arches of 35 feet span, and the centre one of 
60 feet, where the Calder is reached, the Canal 
is crossed by a skew-bridge of 101 feet span, 
"the finest specimen of a skew-bridge in the 
world," Todmorden is reached 40f miles from 
Leeds. The line passes Stansfield Hall, the 
home of the Sutcliffes, Millwood Tunnel (225 
yards), Cross-stone Church rebuilt by Govern- 
ment in 1834, Rev. John Fennell, incumbent, 
Castle Hill Tunnel (192 yards), crossing the 
Horsfall valley at Horsfall by five arches of 
45 feet span each, enters Horsfall Tunnel (424 
yards), Eastwood Independent Chapel, where 
the turnpike road, canal and railway are 
close together in rivalry, to Stoodley Bridge, 
where Stoodley Pike, erected 181)4, can be seen. 
Passing Wood Mill (Messrs. Oliver), TJnder- 
banks (residences of Horsfalls, Christr. Raw- 
don, Geo. Ashworth,) Calais Mill, to 
Charlestown, where a tunnel had to be aban- 
doned, and a curve made in the line. Crossing 
the road, river and canal by bridges, 
Whiteley'e Cotton Mill, Mytholm, is reached 
Passing St. James/ (land and stone given by 
the Rev. J. A. Rhodes, Government paying 
the rest; Rev. F. Tollar, incumbent,) and Mr. 
Rhodes' Mansion, several mills, and a tunnel 
of 124 yards we bring our journey to Hebden 
Bridge, the station for Kfeighley, about 11 
milejs jaway. Orossley's Gas Worksv and 
some extensive cotton mills are noted, and to 
avoid bridges the Calder bank had been di- 
verted at several points. FJwood Hall, "the 
birthplace of Bishop Farrar." Brearley Hall, 
Fielden's Factory at Mytholmroyd, the 
Worsted Company's mill (occupied by Jona- 
than Ackroyd) at Luddendenfoot, Sowerby 
Church re-erected in 1762 (Rev. W. H. Bull, 
M.A., incumbent), Haugh End, the birthplace 
of Archbishop Tillotson, and a tunnel of 640 
yards are points of interest up to Sowerby 
Bridge Station, three miles from Halifax, 
whither omnibuses ply on the arrival of 
trains. This is 32 miles (by railway) from 
Leeds. Hollins, the residence of the Cross- 
leys and Woods, St. George's Church con- 
secrated October 27th (P1840), a viaduct of 
5 arches of 43 feet span over the Blackstone- 
edge-road and the Ripponden beck, the Gas- 
works, Mills, &c., of Sowerby Bridge are men- 
tioned and the Church, rebuilt 1820, Rev. C. 
Rogers, M.A., inoumbent. The deep cutting 
of 80 feet with Norland on the hill top to the 
right and Sterne Mill (corn) on the left, 



are passed, when Woodhouse (home of Richard 
Sterne, &c.,) near the mill, and Copley Mill, 
property of the Daweon's, come to view. North 
Dean Wood is skirted, and the branch 'line 
to Halifax was designed to join at this point. 
Skircoat on the hill, and Salterhebble in the 
valley are on view before Elland Tunnel is 
entered, 424 yards. Elland Hall, tenanted by 
Mr. Lambert, owned by Lord Scarborough, 
affords a short peg on which to hang a note 
on the Elland tragedies, and the defunct 
market, the trade and other matters are re- 
corded. The Church of St. Mary, Rev. C. 
Atkinson, incumbent, and the Chapels are 
mentioned. Ash Grove, the residence of Mr. 
Edwfilrd Raweon, Qromwell bottom and the 
stone quarries, Southowram Church (Rev. 
John Hope, incumbent), are pointed out, be- 
fore entering the cutting whence a large 
quantity of stone blocks for the line was ob- 
tained. Lillands, the residence of Miss Helm, 
being reached, a description of Brighouse is 
given, but of course no part of the line was 
in Brighouse township. St. Martin's Church, 
consecrated in 1831,' Rev. John Boyle, incum- 
bent, the new parsonage, the trade facilities, 
the Navigation Company, the stone, corn, 
malt, card and woollen industries, are con- 
densed into a couple of pages. The viaduct 
of six arches of 45 feet span are all in Ras- 
trick township, as is the Brighouse Station, 
26 miles (by radl) from Leeds, and 84 from 
Manchester. "Brighouse and Bradford 

Station" was a great omnibus centre for 
Huddersfield 4 miles, Halifax 6 miles, Brad- 
ford 7 miles, especially for Bradford passen- 
ger traffic. Passing along in Rastrick town- 
ship, with sight of Clifton and Kirklees, 
after leaving Woodhouse, Hie old home of the 
Hansona pud Annitagos, Bradley Wood cutting 
is entered, and Halifax parish is left behind, 
and with tho 38 more pages we have no special 
concern. The total capital had been increas- 
ed to nearly two million pounds, but this was 
found much too little. A postscript informs 
us that "Omnibuses leave the Railway Office 
in Bradford, opposite the Bowling Green Inn, 
for Brighouse Station, at 7-15, 8-15, 12-30 and 
4 on week-days, with an extra one at 7 p.m. 
on Thursdays; and on Sundays at 8-30 a.m. 
and 6-30 p.m. Return from Frighouse at 
9-49, 12-19, 5-49, and 8-50 on week-days, with 
one at 8-45 p.m. on Thursdays. The Sunday 
'bus ran at 10-20 and 8-50. 

As a striking contrast in size to this little 
book we pass to Tait and Butterworth's work, 
1845, 19f inches by 13, where at page 2 we are 
told that the Company was originally formed 
in 1825, but adandoned the scheme because 
of depressed trade, and met again September 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



65 



llth, 1830. Eight thousand shares of 100 
each was the capital to begin with. A few 
lineo respecting the opening of the section 
from Hebden Bridge to Normanton, October 
5, 18W, reveal to us the excitement that ob- 
tained at Brighouee, as well as other places 
along the route: "The sides of the hills were 
lined at numerous points by thousands of 
individuals of every diversity of age and con- 
dition in life, solely for the purpose of seeing 
the first train, carriages without horses, on 
its winding passage amongst their native hills. 
Such waB the eagerness of multitudes to travel 
on the first day that at Sowerby Bridge the 
rush of passengers became alarming in the 
extreme, and when every seat was occupied, 
numbers of adventurous travellers mounted 
the tops of the carriages, and failing sitting 
room a few daring wayfarers stood upright, 
and in Chat fearful position did they remain 
all the way to Hebden Bridge, stooping down 
ae they passed under the tunnel and the 
numerous bridges on the line, and then rising 
and cheering to the astonished spectatn*--. 
A more alarming scene was seldom ever v-'f- 
neseed, the train was proceeding at the rate 
of twenty miles an hour, and if a single in- 
dividual had failed to stoop at the instant of 
passing under the archways, his brains must 
have been dashed out, and yet there was no 
power to prevent the crowd from thus board- 
ing the carriages." The "Leeds Mercury" 
spoke of the work as the greatest triumph of 
engineering science, and a- work of national 
importance. The introducion to the book by 
B. Butterworth follows the Guide in its de- 
scription of the route, but enlarges upon tin* 
chief points of scenery. He mentions one 
book or pamphlet I have not seen, namely, 
"The Landscape View, or Walk to Stoodley 
Pike," by J. Holt. 

The full description of this large volume 
is as under, the plates being loosely inserted: 
Views on the Manchester and Leeds Railway, 
drawn from nature and on stone by A. F. 
Tait, with a descriptive history by Edwin 
Butterwcrth: published for A. F. Tait by 
Bradehaw and Blackloek, London and Man- 
chester, 1845, folio. There are 34 pages of 
description, besides Title and Dedication 
leaves : 

1. Second title; Views by A. F. Tait, Liver- 
pool, with Vignette, the east entrance to 
Elland Tunnel. 

2, 3, 4. Manchester Station. 

5. Rochdale. 

6. Littleborough. 

7. Todmorden Valley from above Mytholm 
Church. 

8. Summit Tunnel, west entrance. 



9. Gawksholme Viaduct. 

10. Todmorden from the North. 

11. Todmorden Viaduct. 

IB. Whiteley's Viaduct, Charleston. 

13. Hebden Bridge Station. 

14. Sowerby Bridge from King's Cross. 

15. Halifax. 

16. Rastrick Terrace and Viaduct. 

17. Brighouee Station (Brighouse and Brad- 
ford Station on the signboard .) 

18. Brighouse from Clifton Common. 

19. Wakefield. 

20. Normanton Station. 

This well-executed set of lithographs sells 
a,t 18s. now. 



XLVIL JOHN FAWOEJTT, M.A., D.D. 

John, son of Stephen Fawoett, was born 
at Lidget Green, Bradford, on January 6th, 
1740, new style. He was one of a numerous 
family, and lost his father when eleven 
years old. Stephen was then only forty- 
nine, and his blind father lived with them 
at the time. At thirteen John was put ap- 
prentice in Bradford, fortunately to a good 
master, and served six years. From cnild- 
hood he was encouraged to read theological 
books. He heafrld George Whitfield preach 
at Water-side, Bradford, twice on one day, 
September, 1755, and then began to make 
public profession of religion. In August, 
1756, he again heard his life-long favourite, 
Whitfield, at Bradford and Birstall, and he 
frequently heard the Rev. William Grim- 
shaw, of Haworth, who was buried at Lud- 
denden, where his son resided (Ewood Hail). 
A small community of Whitfield Methodists 
met at Bradford and a Mr. Hales, of Wake- 
field, preached for them, but he failed to 
settle amongst tlbem. From him Fawcett 
imbibed an intense interest in Hervey's 
books. Failing to get Mr. Hales for a 
minister the community abandoned the idea 
of erecting a place of worship. A few scat- 
tered Baptists from the Haworth and Raw- 
don cli/apels took up the idea, and a Baptist 
cause was established, in which many of the 
Whitfield society joined, and Mr. Grabtree, 
from Wainsgate, Hebden Bridge, became 
thjedlr mfinister. Under Ms preaching Faw- 
oett became a Baptist, February, 1758. Be- 
fore he was twenty, having no horre, he 
married Susannah Skirrow, of Bingley, and 
at twenty he was diligently practising com- 
positions in prose and verse. He conceived 
that his occupation waa injurious to his 
health, and this tended to strengthen his 



66 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



desire to become a minister. In May, 1764, 
he removed to Wainsgate to become the 
Baptist minister there. The first minister 
had been Richard Smith (one of the con- 
verts under the Rev. Wm. Grimshaw, of 
Haworth, 1750,) and at his death, August 
24, 1763, aged 52, was followed by Mr. 
Fawoett. During Mr. Smith's illness a Mr. 
Johnson, of Liverpool, preached at Wains- 
gate, and on his return home issued a book 
the "Trial of Two Opinions," in which he 
attacked Mr. Smith. The Rev. James Hart- 
ley, of Haworth, defended his old pastor in 
a pamphlet^-'The Trial of Two Opinions- 
tried." Mr. Fawcett had to begin with a 
disturbed community, but the Baptist As- 
sociation meeting at Halifax, in May, 1764, 
encouraged the Wainsgate Members to per- 
severe. John Foster, father of the great 
Essayist, was Fawcett's intelligent friend 
and philosopher. Mr. Fawcett was not or- 
dained until July 31, 1765, when Messrs. 
Hartley, Grabtree, Nutall and Oulton took 
part. In October, 1766, Fawcett's first child 
a daughter, was born, and in the following 
year his first book was published: "POETIC 
ESSAYS;" about eight topics, including 
one "On the death of Mr. Richard Smith, 
Wainsgate." The pamphlet was sold to 
friends at sixpence in a very limited edition. 
In 1772 he issued "THE CHRISTIAN'S 
HUMBLE PLEA FOR HIS GOD AND 
SAVIOUR," a six-penny pamphlet in answer 
to "The Triumph of Truth, &c.," by Priest- 
ley. It is written in blank verse and signed 
by Fawcett under the signature Christophil- 
us, and at least five editions were issued, 
soime. of tihiem flrom London, without the 
Author's knowledge. I have the third edi- 
tion, London, 1781, 24 pages, octavo. In 
March, 1772, he first visited London, and 
during nine weeks preached (for Dr. 
Gill and others) fifty eight times, 
besides hearing Conder, Medley, and 
Henry Foster. On Dr. Gill's death he was 
invited there again, but refused though his 
income at Wainsgate was about 25, and his 
family was increasing. The congregation 
managed to make up his salary to 40 at 
this time, and he commenced tuition of 
young men for the ministry. The first stud- 
ents were Abraham Greenwood, the first 
minister at Rodhdlale, who had been tutored 
a short time by his brother-in-law the Rev. 
Wm. Armitage, John Hindle, minister at 
Halifax and Manchester, Thomas Slater who 
became a church clergyman, and George 
Townend minister at Accrington, whose fun- 
eral sermon Mr. Fawoett preached and pub- 



lished. The Rev. Wm. Hartley received some 
education at the Academy before settling 
at Halifax. A Rev. Mr. Thomas had for 
many years laboured at Rodh ill-end and 
Slack conjointly, though several miles inter- 
vened, and he dying in 1772, the Slack people 
asked Mr. Fawcett tot preach to< them, which 
he did frequently, and the cause there re- 
vived. 

Mr. Fawcett's third publication was issued 
after a severe attack of stone, and after most 
of the family had suffered from smallpox, 
one infant boy having died. It is entitled 

"THE SICK MAN'S EMPLOY 

or Views of Death and Eternity realized. 
Occasioned by a violent fit of the stone, and 
published for the good of those who would 
pay attention to the Divine Call Prepare 
to meet thy God." London, 1774, small 8vo., 
90 pages, and one page advertising a book 
never issued, "Free and Full Salvation pro- 
claimed to a lost world." "The Sick Man's 
Employ" was sold at 8d., and the dedication 
to the Wainsgate Flock is dated June 1, 1774. 
I have a copy of the first edition, 91 pages, 
and in the Halifax Free Library there are 
Halifax editions, 1802 and 1809, and one 
without date, besides 1837 and 1838. 
In 1776 he removed to Brearley Hall, which 
had a farm attached, and in the hall-body 
he held public services. Hebden Bridge 
chapel was erected as an off-shoot from 
Wainsgate in 1777, and a printed circular 
soliciting aid was issued. In 1778, Mr. 
Fawoett printed his fourth book 

"ADVICE! TO YOUTH 

or the Advantages of Early Piety, designed 
for the use of schools, &c., by John Fawcett, 
Master of the Boarding School at Brearley 
Hall in Midgley, near Halifax "The Epito- 
me of Christian Doctrine" was announced in 
it. A second edition of "Advice" was soon 
afterwards issued at the same price, Is. 6d. 
I have the first edition, printed by G. Wright 
and Son, Leeds, 192 pages, 12mo., no date 
given. There is an edition in Halifax Free 
Library, printed at Halifax in 1836, and one 
in 1810, 7th edition. The next publication 
was 

"THE DEATH OF EUMENTO, A POEM,' 

Leeds, printed by G. Wright and Son, 1779, 
price 6d., small 8vo., 40 pages, dedicated to 
the mournful relatives and friends of the 
late Mr. William Hudson, of Gildersome, the 
Eumenio of the poem. It is dated Brearley 
Hall, November 29, 1779. A few elegiac vers- 
es on the death of Mr. Wm. Greenwood, of 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



67 



Oxenhope, who died five weeks earlier, are 
added to the book of wliich I have two copies. 
Soon afterwards was issued 

"THE REIGN OF DEATH," 

a poem occasioned by the Decease of the Rev. 
James Hartley, late of Haworth, by John 
Fawoett ; with a f unexal sermon on the same 
occasion by William Crabtree. Leeds, print- 
ed by G. Wright and Son for the Authors, 
1780, small 8vo., 104 pages, price one shill- 
ing. Mr. Crabtree's sermon occupies pages 
39-103, the last pa.ge being an advertisement 
of four of Fawcett's books. 

A tribute is also paid, in verse, by Mr. 
Fawoett to the memory of Adam Holden, of 
Halifax under the style of Philander. Euphro- 
nius was the poetic name given by Mr. Faw- 
oett to Mr. Hartley in the poem. I have 
two copies of this book, and there is one in 
Halifax Free Library. In March, 1782, 
aged 79, Mr. Fawcett's mother died, after 
years of languishing in bed, and he had 
suffered so long from the stone that his life 
was likely to be soon ended, but under Dr. 
Hey, of Leeds, he began to improve. He also 
abandoned the white wig, and grew his own 
hair. 

"THE AFFLICTIONS OF THE 
RIGHTEOUS 

and their deliverance out of them all ; a 
sermon on the Death of Mr. Townend," was 
published in 1784, 8vo., 44 pages, price 6d., 
Leeds, Thomas Wright. A copy is in Raw- 
don College Library. In 1782 appeared 
"HYMNS 

adapted to the circumstances of Public Wor- 
ship and Private Devotion," price 3s., re- 
duced afterwards to 2s. A new edition was 
issued about 1816. Copies of both are in 
Halifax Free Library. 

"ADVICE TO YOUTH," 

reached a third edition, corrected and im- 
proved, in 1786. My copy shews that it was 
printed by T. Wright, Leeds, 191 pages, 
preface dated August, 1786. Price Is. 6d. 
At tho end is a page of advertisements: 

Poletic Essays, 6d. 

CLristian's Humble Plea, 6d. 

Sick Man's Employ, 8d. 

Death of Eumenio, 6d. 

Reigu of Death, Is. 

Hymns, 2e. 

Afflictions of the Righteous, 6d. 

An Association of Baptist Churches, which 

developed into the Yorkshire and Lancashire 

Association, was instituted at Colne, May 30 

and 81, 1787, and the Circular Letter was the 



composition of Mr. Fawcett. Seventeen 
churches associated at the beginning. His 
daughter, Sarah, aged 18, died on April 1st, 
1785, ;md a tombstone at Hebden Bridge re- 
cords her interment there. 

Mr. Fawcett's most fairous book was writ- 
ten in 1787, the preface being dated Brearley 
Hall, August 18th, of that year. It is 

"AN ESSAY ON ANGER." 

Leeds, printed by Thomas Wright for the 
Author, 1787, 12mo., 150 pages and viii pages 
of contents and subscribers' list; price Is. 6d. 
The second edition, by the same printer, 
and at the same price, pages iv, 176, with pre- 
face dated Brearley Hall, October 20, 1788, 
appeared at the close of that year. 

"ADVICE TO YOUTH; or the advantages 
of Early Piety ; designed for the use of Schools 
as well as young apprentices and servants, 
and the British youth in general, to draw the 
attention to matters of the greatest importance 
in Early Life," reached a. fourth edition 
(corrected and improved). By John Fawcett, 
master of ;>, boarding school at Brearley Hall 
in Midgley, near Halifax. Leeds, Thomas 
Wright, sold by the Author, 1792, 12mo., pages 
ii and 146; Is. 6d. Preface dated March, 1792. 
In that year Mr. Fawcett was invited to suc- 
ceed Dr. Caleb Evans as principal of Bristol 
Col lego but his habit*, of life being fixed he 
declined. Besides covering a wide field of 
general reading, his time was crowded with 
sermon writing, teaching, business matters 
and composing, printing and distributing 
books. 

In 1793 the Circular Letter to the Bapiist 
Churched written by him was published. Its 
title was 

"THE CROSS OF CHRIST THE 

CHRISTIAN'S GLORY. " 
Several editions 'f this pamphlet \\ere issued 
by the Author, and for a long period it has 
been the basis of a tract issued by the British 
and Foreign Tract Society. In the same year 
a penny pamphlet circulated by Mr. Fawcett, 
entitled 

"CONSIDERATIONS RELATIVE TO SEND- 
ING MISSIONARIES AMONG THE 

HEAJTHENS, " 

led to the formation of an auxiliary society at 
Halifax of which he became secretary. The 
(Bjapjtiat .Missionary Society date^ frfc>m Octo- 
ber, 1792. One of the editions of 
"'THE CROSS OF CHRIST CONSIDERED, 

in a Letter addressed to Christians of nil 
Denominations" was issued in 1793, 15 pages, 
2d. .About this time the title M.A. was given 
to him. 



68 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



In the following year appeared 

"LETTERS TO HIS FRIENDS BY THE 
RET. JOHN PARKER, 

late Minister of the Gospel at Wainsgate in 
Wadsworth, with a sketch of his life and 
character, by John Fawcett, A.M.; Leeds, 
printed by Thomas Wright, 1794, 12mo., 214 
pages, 2s. Mr. Parker was a native of Bar- 
noldswick in Craven, born March 10, 1725, a 
follower of the Rev. Wm. Grimshaw of 
Ha,worth, and a member of the Rev. Alvery 
Jackson's Baptist Church, whom he succeeded 
as minister in 1763, at Barnoldswick. To- 
wards the dose of his life he removed to 
Wainsgate Chapel, and continued to preach 
after he was totally blind. He died May 29, 
1792, aged 68. Mr. Fawcett, in 1795, bought 
cheaply a printing press and a small quantity 
of type, and amused himself with printing fly 
sheets in prose and verse to distribute to his 
pupils and others. In May, 1796, he bought 
further quantities of type, and engaged a 
practical printer at Brearley Hall. His first 
aim was to issue a prospectus for publishing 
a "Life of the Rev. Oliver Heywood," and a 
treatise by Heywood entitled "LIFE! IN 
GOD'S FAVOUR," to appear in monthly 
numbers. This first edition of HEYWOOD'S 
LIFE was sold in boards at 2s. 3d. Mr. Faiw- 
cett had obtained a ocuple or perhaps three 
of Hey wood's manuscript pccket books, and 
from these, nearly a century after the good 
man's death, compiled the first independent 
book on his interesting career. These manu- 
script books were secured from the Fawcett 
family by Dr. Raffles, of Liverpool, and were 
lent to me by Mr. Stamford Raffles, the Liver- 
pool stipendiary. Mr. Oliver Ileywood, of 
Manchester, bought them a few years ago, but 
they are printed literatim in my Heywood's 
Diaries. 



XLVIII. 
DR. FAWCETT (Continued). 



"THE PRESENCE OF GOD WITH HI'S 

PEDI'T/B; " 

Brearley Hall, 1796, !M1 pagefi, 12mo., is in 
Rawdon College Library. At Christmas, 1796, 
Mr. Fawcett removed from Brearley Hall to 
Ewood Hall, the traditionary birthplace of 
Bishop Farrer, the martyr, and here he con- 
tinued his printing operations. He designed 
a monthly serial, t<he first volume of which 
was issued 1797, under the title of 
"MISCELLANEA SACRA, or the Theolo- 
pical Miscellany." Printed and sold at 
Ewood Hall, near Halifax, 1797, 12mo., 314 



pages, published in 3d. numbers; price 2s. 6d. 
for the bound volume. Vol. I has notices of 
Rev. Timothy Senior, a Hockmondwike 
student; Misg Milne of Longbottom, &c. The 
second volume wae issued in 1799, 12m o., 434 
pages, in monthly parts as before, or 3s. for 
the bound volume. The Ewood press was kept 
going steadily for three years when he 
printed: 

"ORDER AND CONSTITUTION OF A 

GOSPEIL CHURCH, " 

1797, 58 pages, 12mo., price 6d.; 2nd edition, 
1798. 

"SEKMON ON THE DEATH OF MRS. 
UTTLEIWOOD. " 

'THOUGHTS ON THE REVIVAL OF 
RELIGION. " 

These three were original works; the next 
t 1 res were reprints:' 

"GOUGE'S SURE WAY OF THRIVING." 
1801, ISmo., a copy is in the Halifax Free 
Library. 

.VATSON'S CHRISTIAN CONTENTMENT" 
" DR. WILLIAMS'S CHRISTIAN 

PREACHER. " 

'Che first portion had been printed at Halifax, 
hut by sanction of the Author, Dr. Williams, 
of Rotherham, the work was finished at Ewood 
Hall. 

"AN ESSAY ON THE WISDOM, THE! 
EQUITY AND THE BOUNTY OF DIVINE 
PROVIDENCE" was first issued as a Circu- 
lar Letter to the Baptist Associations, but 
second and third editions were shortly taken 
up by the public. The fourth edition, printed 
and sold at Etwood Hall by John Fawcett, 
M.A., 1797, is a 12mo., of 35 pages, price 4d. 

"A SUM MAR Y OF THE EVIDENCES OF 
CHRISTIANITY," 1797 12mo., 100 pages, 
(copy in F, iwdon Library), was issued at Is.; 
and at the same price " ENGLISH EXER- 
CISES IN SPELLING AND SYNTAX, for 
the use of Schools," 12mo., 1796, (in Halifax 
Free Library). 

"THE HISTORY OF JOHN WISE." 
published for the instruction of little child- 
ren, .and particularly designed for Sunday- 
Schools has passed through numerous editions, 
the large paper ones selling at 6d.; and the 
Religious Tract Society has also issued 
illustrated editions. I can testify to its popu- 
larity as a Sunday School gift-book fifty years 
ago. 

" THE CERTAIN EFFICACY of the Death 
of Christ considered in a letter addressed to a 
Christian Society, with some remarks on a. 
pamphlet entitled "Plain Reasons, &c.," 28 
pages. 12mo., price 3d. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



69 



"l,;rF. IN GOD'S FAVOUR" (by 01 iv*r 
Hey w tod), a new edition, printed at Ewood 
Hall. 1799. 12mo., 264 pages, price 2s. 3d. in 
boards, 2n. 9d. bound. 

"CHRIST PRECIOUS TO THOSE THAT 
BELIEVE, " a practical treatise on Faith and 
Love, by JoUr. Fawcett, A.M.; printed and 
sold at Ewood Hall, near HaJifax, 1799, 12mo., 
306 pages, 3s. [From Miscell. Sacra II.] The 
remainder of this edition was issued with the 
date 1800 substituted. 

"THE DOCTRINE OF CHRIST stated and 
improved." 

" THE DIGNITY OF THE REDEEMER OF 
MEN. " 

"ENGLISH GRAMMAR EPITOMIZED." 
\. second edition was soon afterwards issued 
"ENGLISH GRAMMAR EPITOMIZED, for 
the use of Ewood School." Halifax, printed 
by Holden and Dowson, 1804, 12mo.. 84 pages, 
price Is. 3d. 

In the year 1800 failing health led him to 
disposo of hie printing stock to a firm at 
Halifax. 

1 havo two eopies of 

"Thoughts on the Revival of Religion. By 
John Fawcett, A.M., Halifax. Holden and 
Dowson. 1802, 24 pages, 12mo., being ad- 
dressed to the Baptist Churches at Black- 
bum, June, 1802. The last page is devoted 
to advertisements : 
Christian Preacher, by Dr. Williams. 
Sick Man's Employ. * 

Gouge's Surj Way of Thriving. 
Watson's Divine Contentment. 
Christ Precious. 
John Wise, 3rd edition 
Constitution of Gospel Church. 
He was a prime-mover in establishing the 
Ministerial College at Hortort (now at Rawdon) 
in 1806. In the same year he built a house 
near Bebden Bridge Chapel, called Machpelah, 
and left Ewood to hia son's family. Richard 
Fawcett, his brother, the last survivor except 
himself of the Bradford family, died January 
19. 1807. He had been a prominent Wesleyan 
many years. 

In 1806, Mr. Fawcett issued "HINTS ON 
THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN, particu- 
larly the children of the poor;" (price 4d.), 
which quickly reached a fourth edition ; a 
copy ia in Rawdon Library. It was a 12mo., 
36 pages, printed by Holden amd Dowson, 
Halifax. 

"A DISCOURSE ON THE ATTENTION 
AND COMPASSION DUE TO THE 
CHILDREN OF THE POOR," a sermon 
preached at Accrington for the benefit of a 
Sunday School, was published at 8d. 



"A TENDER ADDRESS TO RETURNING 
PRODIGALS, ir. the form of a Letter," was 
printed for distribution at a place r oar Brad- 
ford, where a leligious revival -vas taking 
place. There are 12 pages, 12mo., printed at 
Halifax, 1802. A copy is in the Rawdon I/iU 
rary. A Sermon at the opening of a Baptist 
Chapel, York-street, Manchester. April 20ti-, 
1808, was printed in July, 1809. The text van 
"HOLINESS BECOMEIH THINE HOUSE." 
His wife died March 30, 1810, and in Juo* 
1810, at tlie Association meeting at Bradford 
he preached, what wae virtually her funeral 
sermon en "Behold this day I am going the 
way of all the earth." This sermon bearing 
the title "AN IMPORTANT JOURNEY," ha* 
pateed through several editiona From 1807 
to 1811 he was daily occupied upon a Com- 
mentary of the Bible, apd about the time he 
had finished the writing, he received <he de- 
gree of Doctor in Divinity from an American 
University. 

The Commentary manuscript, 8578 pages in 
16 volumes, quarto, was sent to London, and 
under the title "DEVOTIONAL FAMILY 
BIBLE," was issued in 15 parts. 

Dr. Fawcett died July 25, 1817, aged 76, but 
his works continued in great demand as our 
succeeding list shews. To his "Memoirs" two 
sermons were appended, namely the last one 
he preached, February 26. 1816, and the As- 
sociation Sermon at Bradford, June, 1810, on 
"THE IMPORTANT JOURNEY from this 
World to the next." 

"ADVICE TO YOUTH," fifth edition. 

"ADVICE TO YOUTH, or the Advantages 
of Early Piety, designed for the use of Schools, 
as well as young apprentices ard servants, 
and the British youth in general to draw the 
attention to matters of the greatest impor- 
tance in early life." By John Fawcett, A.M. 
Sixth edition, Halifax, printed for P. K. Hol- 
den (Holden and Dowson, printers,) 1807, 2s., 
12mo., 163 pages. There is a copy in Rawdon 
Library. 

"THE NATURE AND EKTENT OF 
CHRISTIAN LIBERTY," the circular letter 
to the Baptist Churches, Sheffield, June, 1808, 
was printed at Halifax by Holden and Dow- 
son, 1808, 12mo., 28 pages, price 4d. 

"A FAITHFUL NARRATIVE OF THE 
SURPRISING WORK OF GOD IN THE 
CONVERSION IN NEW ENGLAND" was 
a reprint issued at Is. 6d. Halifax, Holden 
and Dowson, Hall End, 1808, 12mo., pages 
xvii, 1> 117. It is signed by Fawcett 
and Steadman, from Isaac Watts' edition, 
1737. 



70 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



LETTERS IN AS- 

TRONOMX and other Branches of Natural 
Philosophy for the use of Schools," price 
Is. 3d., and "ENGLISH EK.ERCISES in Spell- 
ing and Syntax, second edition," were issued 
about 1809. Probably by John Fawoett, junior. 

"THE SICK MAN'S EMPLOY, or Views of 
Death and Elternity Realised, to which are 
added Devotional Eixercises for the Afflicted." 
A new edition. Halifax, Holden and Dowson, 
1809, 12mo., 143 pages, price 2s. 

"THE LIFE OF THE REV. OLIVER 
HEYWOOD, with Historical Sketches of the 
Timea in which he lived, and Anecdotes of 
some other eminent Ministers of Yorkshire, 
Lancashire, &o. 2nd edition. Halifax, Hol- 
den and Dowson, 1800, 12mo., 214 pages, price 
3s. 

"THE IMPORTANT JOURNEY from this 
world to the next, considered in a sermon de- 
livered at an Association at Bradford, June 
13, 1810," by John Faiwcett, A.M. Halifax, P. 
K. Holden, 12mo., 32 pages, price 6d. I have 
one or two copies of thie issue, and a second 
edition, 80 pages, by P. K. Holden, is men- 
tioned in Dickens' Bradford Books. 

"THE HISTORY OF JOHN WISE!, a poor 
boy; intended for the instruction of children." 
Seventh edition. Halifax, P. K. Holden, Hall 
End, 1810, 12mo., 72 pages, 6d. This is my 
earliest copy. 

"ADVICE TO YOUTH," seventh edition. 
Halifaix, P. K. Holden, 1810, 12rao., 164 pages, 
2e. 

"AN ESSAY ON ANGER," third edition, 
Dunstable, 1804, pages viii, 183, 12mo., is in 
Rawdon College Library. 

"ENGLISH EXERCISES in Spelling and 
Syntax," third edition. 

"AN ESSAY ON ANGER," fourth edition, 
Halifax, P. K. Holden, 1812, 12mo., 191 pages, 
price 2a. 6d. 

"THE DEVOTIONAL FAMILY BIBLE, 
with copious Notes and Illustrations, partly 
original, and partly selected from the most 
approved Expositors, ancient and modern, 
with a devotional exercise or aspiration afler 
every chapter. By John Fawoett, D.D., of 
Hebden Bridge, near Halifax." London 
printed, 15 parts at 7s. each, or in shilling 
numbers, 3 vote., 4 to., price five guineas, or 
superior paper at J68. 

"CHRIST PRECIOUS to those that believe," 
2nd edition, Halifax, P. K. Holden, 1812, 12mo., 
pages iv, 300, price 3s. 

"ENGLISH EXERCISES." fourth edition, 
Is. 6d., and fifth and sixth editions soon after- 
wards. 

"ENGLISH GRAMMAR" third edition, 



"THE FUNERAL SERMON ON MRS. 
CRABTREE," October, 1791, will be found in 
Mann's Life of William CraMree, Bradford, 
1815. 

"AN ESSAY ON ANGER," fifth edition, 
Halifax, P. K. Holden, 1822, I2mo., 190 pages. 
Preface dated October, 1788. 

Another edition, called also the fifth, with 
a Memoir of the Author, was printed at Lon- 
don fosr the Society for Promoting 1 Religious 
Knowledge, ISmo,, pages xxxvi, 156, price 3s. 

"ENGLISH EXERCISES, for the use of 
Schools, in two parts," seventh edition en- 
larged. Halifax, P. K. Holden, 1823, 12mo.. 
120 pages. 

"THE HISTORY OF JOHN WISE, a poor 
boy, to which are added The Triumphs of 
Early Piety. Intended for the instruction of 
chiHren." Halifax, W. Nicholson and Sons, 
pmall S4mo., xiv and 64 pages, with 
frontispiece. 

"THE MISCELLANEOUS WORKS of the 
late John TTawcett, D.D., author of the 'De- 
votional Family Bible' comprising Essays, 
Sermons and Tracts, now first collected, with 
a Memoir of the Author." London and Ber- 
wick, 1824, 12mo., pages 310, with portrait by 
Freeman. I have two copies of this issue. It 
iaontadnk *'Etvidences>" "Anger," "Important 
Journey," &c. The same, London. 1829, 12mo. 
pa?es iv, 244, with portrait by Freeman. 

"A'DVICE TO YOUTH, &c,," 2nd edition, 
Halifax, Jlicholson and Wilson, Northgate, 
1837, 16mo., 128 pages. This is really the 8th 
edition. I have a small edition, 3 inches by 
2, .printed at Bury, published by W. MiJner, 
Halifax, 1841, 128 pages. 

"THE SICK MAN'S EMPLOY, &c., to 
which are added Devotional Exercises for the 
afflicted, and a sermon on the Important 
journey from this world to the next, by John 
Fawcett, D.D., 1837, Halifax, Nicholson and 
Wilson, Cheapside, 12mo., 168 pages. The 
Dedication is dated June, 1774. 

"AN ESSAY ON ANGER, by John Faw- 
cett, D.D.," 6th edition, with a Memoir of 
the Author. Halifax, J. Hartley, Old Market 
Place, 1839, 18m o., pages viii, 218. I have 
several copies of this edition. 

"CHRIST PRECIOUS to those that believe," 
third edition, 1839, Halifax, Wm. Milner, 
frontispiece and lithographed title page. 

"CHRIST PRECIOUS, &c.," 4th edition, 
Halifax, Wm. Milner, Cheapside, 1845, IGrno., 
pages viii, 264, a re-issue of the third remain- 
ders, 1839. 

Besides the Memoir by hie son (hereafter to 
be mentioned) there are notices, and portraits 
of Dr. Fawcett -n the New Evangelical Mag- 
azine, 1820, the Quiver, 1880, Dowson'p Brad- 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



71 



ford Baptist Church, 1854, Hebden Bridgo 
Baptist Centenary volume 1878, Scruton s 
'Bradford, Bradford .Antiquary (by Fodertor) 
1891, &c. I have had special aid in this article 
from Mr. Federer. 

Th "SERMON A,T HEBDEN BRIDGE on 
the Death of Dr. John Fawcett," by William 
Steadman, was printed by P. E. Holdeu, Hali- 
fax, 1817, demy-8vo., 37 pages. A copy is in 
Rawdon College Library 



REV. JOHN FAWCETT, junior, son of Dr. 
John Fawcett, published "AN ACCOUNT OF 
THE LIFE, MINISTRY AND WRITINGS OF 
THE LATE REV. JOHN FAWCETT, D.D., 
who was Minister of ihe Gospel 54 years, first 
at Wainsgate and afterwards at Hebden 
Bridge, comprehending &c. ; printed in Lon- 
don, 1818, with frontispiece portrait by T. 
Hunter, pinx, and T. Ranson, Sc. ; pages vili, 
430, demy-8vo. 

Ho also published, in 1817, "A TRIBUTE 
to the Memory of a Young Person aged 20, 
lately deceased (J. H. Fawcett, grandson of Dr. 
F.), with Letters, &c., and a Sermon by the 
Rev. Thomas Langdon. The 2nd edition, dated 
1817, Halifax, P. K. Holden, is a 12mo. book, 
pages iii, 88; the Sermon takes 24 additional 
pages, preached at Hebden Bridge, October, 
1816. 

"CHRISTIAN COMMUNION, printed in 
his father's "Miscellanea Sacra," was also 
issued as a, separate pamphlet. 

" REFLECTIONS AND ADMONITORY 
HINTS, of the Principal of a Seminary, on 
retiring from the duties of his Station. Leeds, 
John Heaton, printer, 1832. Printed in eight- 
page sheets, 12mo. size, pages xiv, 90. De- 
dication to the Young Gentlemen who received 
their education at the Seminary first estab- 
lished at Brearley Hall and afterwards re- 
moved to Ewood Hall; by John Fawcett, Feb. 
16, 1832; EVood Hall. I have two copies. 

I am not sure that these four items com- 
plete the publications issued by the Rev John 
Fawcett, junior. I have "Thoughts on 
Christian Communion, addressed to Professors 
of Religion of every Denomination," 2nd edi- 
tion enlarged, 12mo., 60 pages, by John Faw- 
cett, junior; and he undoubtedly had much to 
do with the publication of several of the works 
issued in his father's old age. 



XLIX.-^IOHN FOSTER, ESSAYIST. 

He was the son t-f John and Ann Foster, 
of Wadsworth Lane, between Wainsgate 
and Bebden Bridge, where he was born on j 
September 17th, 1770, being the elder son. Hisk 
father was a weaver and farmer in a small* 



way. The father died March 21st, 1614, aged 
87, the mother December 19, 1816, aged 82. In 
youth he had scarcely any companions except 
his brother Thomas, and Henry Horsfall. At 
the age of 17 John joined Dr. Fawcett'b Bap- 
tist Church at Hebden Bridge. He, like Wil- 
liam Ward, the Indian Missionary, became a 
student under Dr. Fawcett, at Breaxley Hall, 
but at the end of three years Foster went to 
Bristol College, with George Hughes, of Bible 
Society fame, as president, in August, 1791. 
From this time he kept up a correspondence 
with Henry Horsfall, many of the letters to 
him being incorporated in Foster's Life. For 
three months Mr. Foster preached at New- 
castle-on-Tyne. Early next year he took 
charge of Swift's Alley Society, in Dublin, 
and relinquished it as a failure in twelve 
months' time. After some months in York- 
shire, he returned to Dublin to teach in a 
Classical and Mathematical School, where he 
remained eight months. After this lie so- 
journed several months in Dublin and atten- 
ded aa a hearer in Swiffs Alley. He was 
somewhat eccentric in opposing clerical dress, 
and in decrying stereotyped phrases in reli- 
gion, and continued these eccentricities on re- 
turning home in 1796. He was not less eccen- 
tric in politics and church polity. In 1797 he 
was appointed General Baptist Minister at 
Chichester, and remained two years and a 
half. About Midsummer, 1797, he removed 
tb Battersea to train some negroes for West 
African missionary work, but gave way to 
another teacher, a native of his own township, 
at Christmas. In 1800 he removed to Down- 
end Chapel, near Bristol. In the A.utumn of 
1801 he paid his last visit to Yorkshire, and 
though his parents and brother were living, 
he seems to have been dissatisfied with all 
other old associations. For many years he 
had been much of a recluse. In February, 
1804, he left Downend for Frome, and whilst 
there first published his " Essays," which ran 
to a second edition in four months, consider- 
ably amended. Essays in a Series of Letters 
to a Friend, 2 vols., 12mo., 1605. A third 
edition was issued in 1806. In 1805 a 
dwelling of a gland of the neck began 
to seriously affect his preaching powers, 
and he resigned at Midsummer, 1806. 
He laboured assiduously from this date in re- 
viewing books for the " Eclectic." In May, 
1808, he left Frome, having married, and set- 
tled at Bourton, Gloucestershire, where a son 
waa born in January, 1810, and four other 
children soon followed, of whom two died. In 
i November, 1817, Mr. Foster returned to Down- 
kend as preacher. His sermon on behalf of the 
British School Society was enlarged into an 



72 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



"Essay on the Evils of Popular Ignorance," 
delivered December, 1818, was published in 
1820. In 1821v September, he removed to 
Stapleton, near Bristol, and gained popularity 
as a monthly lecturer at Broadmead. The 
1823 edition of the Four Essays, Mr. Foster 
considered as the final revision of the book, 
having a thousand emendations on the second 
and subsequent issues. Though comparatively 
a poor man, Foster was a great book buyer, 
not from ostentation, but a true biblio- 
phile. He also secured a good collection of the 
best topographical engrarvings. In June, 1836, 
at the age of 61, his brother died at Hebden 
Bridge, leaving a widow and at least two sons, 
and the great Essayist died October 15th, 
1843, and was buried at Downend near Bristol, 
leaving two or more daughters to mourn his 
losa. This great student and thinker has had 
his memory preserved to future book-lovers 
in two volumes: 
"THE LIFE AND CORRESPONDENCE OF 

JOHN FOSTER," 

Edited by J. E. Ryland, A.M., with notices 
by John Sheppard. Two volumes were pub- 
lished in London, 8vo. size, 1846, at 24s., and 
the second edition, 2vols., 1848, small octavo, 
at 16s.. Amongst subsequent issues was Bohn's 
edition in two volumes, 1852, and again in two 
volumes, 8vo., London, Bohn, 1855, 1856. Vol. 

1 Steelplate portrait with facsmile autograph, 
pages xvi, 1 488; vii, 471. The work finishes 
with a list of Mr. Foster's Contributions to 
the Eclectic Review, beginning November, 
1806, to September, 1820, one article (some- 
times two) each month. In December, 1828, 
he supplied an article; in 1837 two; in 1838 
three; and in 1839 one. Nearly one-third of 
the 184 articles have been reprinted in the 
"Contributions," edited by Dr. Price, 2 vols., 
8vo., 1844. 

LECTURES. 
Delivered at Broadmead Chapel, Bristol, by 

JOHN FOSTER. 

First series, London, 8vo., 1844, was issued 
at half-a-guinea. The Second series, 1847, 
8vo., at the same price. Copies of these are 
in the Rawdon Baptist College Library. The 
two volumes were reprinted duodecimo size in 
1848, at 12s., and afterwards in Bohn's series, 

2 vols., 8vo., at 7s. The third edition of the 
First series, printed in 1848 for Jackson and 
Walford, London, contains xii, and 458 pages. 
The Rev. J. E. Ryland, Northampton, was 
the editor, and the preface is dated 1844. These 
Lectures were delivered between January, 
1822, and December, 1825. One of the Lectures 
has also been reprinted by the Religious Tract 
Society, under the title "How to find access 
to God." 



The second edition of the Second series was 
printed in 1849, the preface being dated March, 
1847, from Northampton : pages xii, 1 518. 
"The Contributions, Biographical, Literary 
and Philosophical, to the ECLECTIC RE- 
VIEW" were isued in two volumes, 8vo., 
1844, 24s., copies of which are in Rawdon Bap- 
tist Library. These were re-published in 
Bohn's Standard Library, under the title of 
Critical Essays, 2vols., small 8vo., 7s. 

"Brief Memoirs of Miss Sarah Saunders, 
with Nine Letters addressed to her during 
her last illness," was issued in 1847, 18mo. 
^isze, and (reprinted with Ryl'and's Life of 
Foster, in vol. 2. 

ESSAYS 

In a Series of Letters on the following 
subjects : 

I. On a Man's writing Memoirs of Himself, 

II. On Decision of Character, 

III. The Epithet Romantic, 

IV. Evangelical Religion and Cultivated 
Taste, 

By John Foster. Sixth edition, London, Ogle 
and Co., 1819, demy 8vo., pages xviii, 1 446. 
There was another edition came out 
in 1823, and it has been frequently 
reprinted from the author's revised 
copies by Bohn, down to 1856 or more recently, 
small octavo, at 5s. The llth edition (Raw- 
don College Library) is dated 1835. The 
"Essay on the Evils of Popular Ignorance, to 
which is added a Discourse on the Propagation 
of Christianity in India," 8vo., London, 1834. 
third edition was issued at half-a-guinea. The 
earliest edition I have noticed is dated 1819. 
There hav been several editions published by 
Bohn, namely 1856, &o. 

"FOSTEtRIANA," consisting of Thoughts, 
Reflections and Criticisms of John 
Foster, Feleo'ed from periodical pa*prs, 
not hitherto published in a collective 
form, and edited by Henry G. Bohn, email 
octavo, London, 1858, at 5s. Several editions 
of Doddridge's Rise and Progress of Religion 
in the Soul, with Foster's Introductory Essay, 
12mo., have been issued, from 1825. An edition 
in Rawdon Library, printed at Glasgow with- 
out date, I2mo., has 203 pages. At least om> 
funeral sermon on Mr. Foster was printed, 
namely, "On seeing Him who is invisihlp 
A Sermon occasioned by the Death of the Rev. 
John Foster, preached at Broadmead, Bristol, 
October 22, 1843, by Thomas S. Crisp;" 32 
pages. 
In the Baptist Library, Rawdon College, 

there is a copy of a "Discourse at the Baptist 
Missionary Society Meeting, Bristol, 1818, by 
John Foster;" Bristol, 1819, demy 8vo., 132 

pages. Any of Foster's editions may now be 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



73 



bought at eighteenpence pen volume, or even 
lees; but they are sure to go up again in 
price. 



L. RICHARD COORB AND JOSHUA 
WHHTON. 

RICHARD COORB held the living of Hep- 
tonstall from 1645 to 1649. In 1650 he was at 
St. Ann's, Southowram, which he left before 
February, 1652, old style, when Christopher 
Taylor, afterwards Quaker, succeeded him. 
I next meet with him at Tong Church, near 
Birstal. He issued an ootajvo book of eight 
hundred pages, entitled "A, Practical Exposi- 
tion of the Holy Bible," framed in consist- 
ency with Antinomian views, according to 
the Rev. Joseph Hunter, and to Calamy, who 
got his information from Oliver Heywood. 
Calamy states that he was ejected from Tong 
Chapel in 1662, and gives liis title as D.D., 
which I question to be correct. I have made 
extracts respecting his family from Tong 
Register, and do not find such a degree men- 
tioned. The record in Calamy is remarkably 
and unaccountably brief. "A eober man and 
a good scholar (but inclined to Antinomian- 
ism), and his writings were much admired by 
people of that stamp. He practised physio, 
and died at Leeds, December 10th, 1687, aged 
71." Hie book "A Practical Exposition of the 
Holy Bible, with the Interpretation of the 
Dreams and Visions in Daniel, together with 
th two mystical Books of the Canticles and 
Revelations," WBB probably the same work, 
or an earlier edition of the same, entitled 
"Christ set forth in all types, figures, etc., of 
the Scripture," 1683, small octavo. There is 
a copy in the Memorial Hall Library, London. 
This is a book of over eight hundred pages, 
the fuller title being "Christ set forth in 
all Types, Figures and Obscure Places of the 
Scripture, wherein are opened all Dreams and 
Visions in the Prophets, and the two Mysti- 
cal Books of the Canticles and Revelations. 
By Richard Coore, Preacher of the Gospel. 
London, 1683. The work is dedicated to that 
profligate king Charles II., who probably 
never read a word of the Epistle Dedicatory, 
not to mention the elaborate treatise. The 
first two lines would be enough for gay 
Charley; "The God of Mercies hath magni- 
fied your Majesty above others for no other 
end but that you may comfort and honour 

hit afflicted ones They beseech your 

Majesty that nothing may be brought into 
the church bat CHRIST CRUCIFIED for by 
it ifl man regenerated, made a sinner, a Son 



of God, without which man lies dead in sin 
and oan do nothing that is good and well- 
pleasing to God The poor church be- 
seeches your Majesty to maintain her true 
foundation, Faith in Jesus, and to preserve 
it from all mixture." 

The foregoing dates at Southowram need 
verifying for in the Parliamentary Survey of 
1650, we find "Mr. Richard Coore is incum- 
bent of Tong, which chapel had a mainten- 
ance of 5 and the benevolence of the people. 
Mr. Robert Town, of Todmorden, 1648, El- 
land 1652, and afterwards of Haworth, an 
ejected minister in 1662, was the chief local 
advocate of Antinomianism, and a close friend 
of Mr. Coore. Mr. Coore married a daughter 
of Mr. Robert Doughty, M.A., Master of 
Wakefield School (pee Peacock's Wakefield 
Grammar School), and Mrs. Coore was pro- 
bably sister to two local incumbents, Edward 
Doughty, curate of Luddenden, 1664-5, and 
John Doughty, Master of the Heath Grammar 
School, Halifax, 1664, to October, 1688, when 
he died. I find references to a Mr. Doughty 
in the churchwarden's book at Bingley, 1659, 
as receiving 4> for preaching in place of the 
vicar, who probably had a long illness. From 
1651 there are constant entries of local minis- 
ters officiating there, largely from Halifax 
parish, including Robert Town, Daniel Town, 
Christopher Taylor (or his brother Thomas), 
George Thompson of Sowerby Bridge, Eagland 
of Heptonstall, Richard Coore, Edmund 
Moore, of Coley, Baildon, and Haworth, 
Oliver Heywood, Roger Kennion of Rippon- 
den, R. Walker of Elland, Jeremiah Marsden 
(alias Jeremy Ralphson), and his brother 
Gamaliel Mareden of Southowram, sons of 
Ralph Marsden of Coley, and Jonathan Fair- 
bank of Luddenden, who eventually became 
the Vicar of Bingley. Edward Doughty, 
"brother-in-law" of Richard Coore conform- 
ed, and settled at Luddenden about 1662. 

After his ejection at Tong in 1662, Mr. 
Coore (or Core as his name sometimes ap- 
pears), continued to reside there, and joined 
with others in holding secret meetings, called 
conventicles. From the Returns of Conven- 
ticles, preserved at the Lambeth Palace 
Library, we learn that the nonconformists at 
Tong "meet every Lord's day in a stone delph 
there; of all sorts, very numerous, of the 
meanest sort of people, their leaders or 
teachers being one Hartley a weaver by trade, 
Mr. Nesse (Christopher Nesse, M.A., of Leeds;, 
Mr. Hord (probably Mr. Hird, an Bccleshill 
layman). Though Mr. Coore is not mentioned 
there is little doubt he had all the chapelry 
with him, except the Squire at Tong HaU. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



On May 18, 1672, Mr. Coore obtained a licence 
for his house at Tong as a preaching place 
under the Indulgence Act, and in the appli- 
cation described himself as "of the true 
Christian profession, not against Episcopal, 
Presbyterian or Independent, but called an 
Antinomian." Afterwards he removed to 
Leeds where he, in common with some other 
ejected ministers, studied medicine, and prac* 
tioed in the healing art until he was indicted 
at York, as we learn from "York Deposi- 
tions," and a true bill was found against him 
for practising medicine without licence, May, 
1676. 

That wonderful chronicler, Oliver Hey- 
wood, states in the "Northowram Register," 
(printed at Brighouse, 1881,)'; "Mr. Core 
formerly preacher at Tong, a Nonconformist 
that in the time of liberty preacht in a barn 
there, died December 14, aged neax 80," 1687. 
The discrepancies in the date and age as given 
in Calamy's account, which was also supplied 
by Heywood probably, will be noticed. 

The REV. JOSHUA WHITTON, M.A., a 
native of Sowerby, was educated at Cam- 
bridge University, and became chaplain to 
Lord Ferdinando Fairfax of Denton, near 
Ilkley. He was godfather to Archbishop 
Tillotson. Eventually he became rector of 
Thornhill, near Dewsbury, amd gained con- 
siderable wealth. By his (plentiful estate, 
and having a large acquaintance and great 
influence, he was an excellent friend to his 
poor brethren to whom he was purse-bearer 
and distributor of the contributions made for 
them. When he heard that the Act of Uni- 
formity was passed, 1662, he and two other 
ministers hoped that they should have been 
able to comply with the terms of it, so as to 
keep their livings, and therefore rode to York 
(as one said) with their cloak-bags full of 
distinctions, but having read the Act, though 
they were all men of Catholic principles, as 
well as prudence and learning, they returned 
with a resolution to quit their places rather 
than comply. Mr. Whitton relinquished the 
rich rectory of Thornhill and afterwards re- 
moved to York. He was a witty man, a good 
scholar, an able judicious preacher, a man 
of excellent temper, of great integrity, ajid 
unusual sagacity. He was found dead in his 
bed, June 1, 1674, aged 60. 

In York Minster Library is a quarto pam- 
phlet by J. W. (Joshua Whitton,) printed 
at London in 1644, "A Sermon preached at 
Kingston-upon-Hull upon the day of Thanks- 
giving after the battell at Hessam Moore, 

neare York." . 



LL THE MARSDEN FAMILY. 



One of Oliver Heywood's predecessors at 
Coley Chapel was "Ralph Maireden, a godly, 
orthodox and zealous minister, yet much op- 
posed by several professors of religion, John 
Lumme, Henry Northend, Michael Hesleden, 
&c., who never rested Mil they got him out. 
He was considered by them too strict on dis- 
cipline. Old Rhodes, of HipperhcJme, drove 
him out of his house in Shelf because he re- 
fused him the Sacrament (Lord's Supper), 
being a profane man, so he removed to North- 
owram Green. Mr. Richard Sunderland, J.P., 
Ooley Hall, took Mr. Marsden's side, but he 
was forced to yield, and Mr. Marsden became 
curate of Ashton-under-Lyne, and of Middle- 
ton. He had some heavy afflictions in the 
latter years of his life. Most of his children 
were born at Coiey, a(ad four of his sons, 
Samuel, Jeremiah, Gamaliel, and Josiah, be- 
came able ministers. He had one daughter 
named Esther, who married Mr. Murcott, a 
famous minister in Ireland, and she was of 
extraordinary parts, but is now dead. They 
had one son bred up a scholar, now turned 
Quaker. Mr. Josiah Marsden, the youngest 
of the four sons, was the moat eminent, but 
he is dead in Ireland; his other three brothers 
are living." They ajl turned out at the 
Ejection of 1662. In 166H we find Gamaliel 
Marsden at St. Ann's, Chapel-le-Brear, South- 
owram. He had been a student in Trinity 
College, Dublin, where he continued ten years, 
and held a Fellowship part of the time. He 
was turned out of the University with Dr. 
Winter on King Charles' Restoration, 1660, 
and came to England. He had but <5 when 
he landed at Liverpool, after buying a horse, 
and knew no relations or friends he could re- 
pair to, sen resolved to make his way to Coley, 
to find friends of his deceased father. He first 
cailled upon Mr. Oliver Heywood at Northow- 
ram, and after staying a few nights went to 
Joshua Bayley's, Allerton, who made him 
welcome. He married a young woman of that 
family with ,40 yearly income, and by other 
meains got assistance to the living at South- 
owram, Chapel-le-Brears, which he held until 
1662, when he was again ejected. He after- 
wards went into Holland, and at his return 
taught philosophy, &o., to soime young stu- 
dents at Hague Hall. He became eminent as 
the pastor of the Congregational Church at 
Topcliffe or Woodkirk, near Axdsley, having 
succeeded Mr. C. Marshall. He died May 
25th, 1681, aged 47. His first wife died before 
he went into Holland, and his second wife, 
the widow of the Rev. C. Marshall, brought 
him a competency. He had 1 no family. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



75 



Jeremy Marsden, his brother, says he was 
a mam of much sound learning, and skill in 
the languages, a very hard student but no very 
pleasing preacher. Heywood confirms this 
statement and remarks that he was extremely 
useful in training up young men in academic- 
al learning. It is probafcle that he never 
published any treatise. 

Josiah Marsden was the youngest of the 
four sons of Ralph Marsden, of Coley, all of 
whom suffered as Nonconformists. Like his 
brother, Gamaliel, he was a Fellow of Trinity 
College, Dublin, but history has neglected to 
give any further particulars. 

Samuel Marsden was the eldest son. He was 
ejected from Neston vicarage, Cheshire, in 
1662, and went into Ireland, where he died 
in 1677. He had been succeeded at "Gristle- 
ton" by Mr. Samuel Slater, another ejected 
minister. 

Jeremiah, the fourth of these remark- 
able sons, was so frequently pursued by 
persecutors that in London especially he went 
by the name Jeremiah Ralphson. Mr. Hey- 
wood heard him preach in London in 1683, 
under that assumed name. Jeremiah had 
beeri trained at Christ College, Cambridge, 
and had settled at Ardsley Chapel, near 
Wakefield. He was born in 1626, and was edu- 
cated at Manchester School, but having too 
rigid a master, and troublesome times in 
public affairs coming on, he made little pro- 
gress. He was then educated by his father, 
who about 1647 bestowed the small portion 
that he had for him on securing a University 
education, where he continued about two 
years, but was frequently ill during the time. 
Meantime hia father died at Neston, June 
30, 1648, and thither Jeremiah went for a 
time, and taught school for a subsistance. He 
became an occasional preacher under his 
brother Samuel, the vicar, and assisted other 
ministers. On May 24, 1654, he set out for 
London with Mr. Jollie to apply to the Triers 
for their approbation for the service of the 
Gospel. He took with him a certificate of 
character, and a suitable application or treat- 
ise, but when he appeared before them his 
utterance and courage almost forsook him, so 
a Mr. Tombes was deputed to hold private 
conversation with him, and on a second ap- 
pearance was unanimously approved. Although 
he had frequent removals, being stationed at 
Wyrral in Cheshire, Blackburn, Heapy (?), 
besides Northallerton (probably Allerton near 
Bradford, for he was certainly at Mr. Bay ley's) 
Thornton, Halifax, and Warley, he every- 
where found his work to prosper, and gained 
convert*. For some time he was a preacher 
in Ireland, and after his return to England 



he was again invited to Carlow, but accepted 
instead a post at Eendal, in 1658, with an 
augmentation of .60 as lecturer for the first 
year. He only stayed nine months, having 
met with some opposition, and removed to 
Hull, where he and his family were planted 
in a garrison of safety, and a harbour of 
plenty, amongst a number of serious Christ- 
ians, with whom he was well accepted. After 
the chaiplaincy of about fifteen months he was 
driven by the violence of the times "after 
some personal restraints to Hague Hall," 
where his brother Gamaliel afterwards went. 
He was accompanied by "H. J. and W. and 
Mi 1 . M." to Hague HaJl, where he had good 
help from tihe ^ocffiety of Christians there, 
till a sad difference arose about the Oath of 
Allegiance. He had a call at this time to 
preach a,t Ardsley, but this tenure was .short, 
for he refused to conform, x nmd went out with 
the Two-thoueand ejected ministers on Barth- 
olomew's Day, August 24th, 1662, and had 
been a short time in prison before this for 
not taking the Oath, being committed to York 
Cast|le, February 13, 1661, where, he says, 
"God made gain to him every way." His 
whole life afterwards was a perfect peregrina- 
tion. About 1674 he mentions his twenty- 
second remove, and exclaims "O my soul, 
what a sujourning state hath thy life been ; 
now here, then there, and in no abiding pos- 
ture. If ever soul had need, thou hast cause 
to seek and looi after a better inheritance." 
Of his mercies, he gives as one "Never to be 
silenced for Christ by human law, or external 
force." He blesses God that though he was 
often pursued, and hunted from place to place, 
from the year 1662 to 1670, his pursuers, 
though sometimes near him. failed to appre- 
hend him. On passing through Coventry he 
was stopped by a constable and taken before 
the mayor, who found no cause for detaining 
him. In London he had many friends who 
shielded him, particularly a good widow, with 
whom he and his family lived for some time. 
Provision was ma/de fox him by strangers 
without his seeking 1 for it, and once an un- 
known friend sent him a very welcome 5. 
After some time in London, he went to Hen- 
ley in Oxfordshire, where for about a year 
he preached in a barn frill July 13, 1675, when 
he was taken, although found only reading 
the scriptures, and sent to Oxford prison. 
On his release overtures were made for him 
to succeed that Leeds worthy Mr. Hardcastle 
at the B fisted meetdng-place, where our local 
worthy John Foster, the essayist, afterwards 
settled. After many removals and fourteen 
years' continuance about London, he was in- 
vited to succeed Mr. AJJex. Carmichael in 



76 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Lothbury. Sometimes he held his meetings 
at Founders* Hall, and afterwards at Dyers' 
Hall. In 1682 he had warnings by the im- 
prisonment of some ministerial friends in 
Newgate of his danger, but he would not de- 
sist from preaching on all opportunities, till 
at length he was seized and sent to the same 
prison, where he and o)ne of his friends, Mr. 
BampfLeld, shortly afterwards died. He had 
outlived his three brothers, having reached 
the age of 57. He took the name Ralphson 
(after his father Ralph) at the time of the 
Yorkshire plot, and by this name alone he 
was generally called in London. Mr. Eicihard 
Baxter in 1684 wrote against "Ralphson" on 
account of his rigorous separating principles, 
which went so far as to decry parish worship 
as idolatry. He was inclined to the notions 
of the Fifth Monarchists, and wrote several 
treaitises on various subjects. I regret I have 
never seen one of them, and Mr. Hunter, 
F.S.A., had unsuccessfully sought a manuscript 
from whicih the particulars of his life were 
gleaned for Calamy's book. The manuscript 
was written by Mr. Marsden, and bore the 
title "Contempla,tio Vitae miserabilis." 



LII. SOME LITTLE-KNOWN NONCON 
FOBMIST WORTHIES. 



When Mr. HeywooJ settled at Coley in 
1650, amongst the parish ministers was "Old 
\fr. ROBERT TOWN at Elland, the famous 
Antinomian, who writ some books ; he was the 
best scholar and soberest man of that judg- 
ment in the country, but something unsound 
in principles." He amd his son were regular 
preachers at the Bingley and other religious 
Exercises. He went from Ellland to Haworth, 
whence he was ejected in August, 1662. He 
died in 1663, aged about 70, a man of estim- 
able character. 

Robert, the son, was ejected from Alking- 
ton, Lancashire, 1662. 

There was Mr. Daniel Town in 1655 at Hep- 
tonstall Church, and he evidently oame again 
in 1668 to the incumbency, which he held 
until 1712. In the ahanoel, near the com- 
munion table, was a memorial stone bearing 
the words "1712, the Rev. Mr. Da,niel Towne, 
who supplied the cure of eouls in this church 
of Heptonsta.il 44 years, died May 3, and was 
buried here the 8th, aged 81. His last text 
\\ as 'Buye the Truth and sell it not." What 
relationship he bore (if any) to the Rev. 
Robert Town I cannot state; neither have I 
seen any of the books 'writ' by Robert Town. 



There were two MIDOLBYS, vicars of Roch- 
dale, father and son, who were famous Puri- 
tans about 1630. It is very (probable that 
they were of the same stock as the Midgleys 
of Midgley in Halifax, and Headley in Brad- 
ford-dale. 

Mr. Joshua Hill, minister at Walmsley 
Chapel removed to Bramley Chapel, near 
Leede, where he died only a few hours before 
a summons reached his house to appear in 
the Archbishop's Court to answer a charge 
for not wearing the surplice, and other acts 
of Puritan nonconformity. He is mentioned 
in CaJlamy's Account, page 81, and in Whit- 
aker's Leede, 209. He died in 1636. 

His son, Joseph Hill, B.D., Fellow and Proc- 
tor of Magdalene College, Cambridge, was 
born at Bramley in October, 1625. He spent 
most of his time after the Uniformity Act in 
Holland, and was the author of two Disserta- 
trions, two Sermons, and an edition of 
Schrevellius's Greek Lexicon. An account 
of him is given in Calamy's Cambridge list 
of the ejected. 

A; Mr. JOSHUA HILL was incumbent of 
Lightcliffe frcm December, 1706, to 1739 and was 
blind for some time. He had been at St. 
Ann's, Chapel-le-Brear, frctm 1698. His 
memorial stone at Lightcliffe (in the chancel) 
records : "Here lies interred the Eiev. Mr. 
Joshua Hill, curate of this chapel near thirty 
two years, who was buried June llth, 1739, in 
the 79th year of his age, of whom it has often 
been said that he was neither poor, proud, 
nor covetous." 

EDWARD* HILL, M.A., of Christ's College, 
Cambridge, had been vicar of Hudders&eld 
before receiving the Rectory of Oofton, near 
Wakefield, which (although he had been 
Conformist up to thaib date) he relinquished 
in 1662 because he could not fall in with the 
new settlement. He was a pious, grave and 
aged divine, of an excellent temper. Upon 
the passing of the Five Mile Act, he removed 
into Shibden-dale. He and his wife, after 
being married fifty-three years, died within a 
few hours of each other, and were buried at 
Halifax Church, on January 29th, 1669, he be- 
ing nearly eighty years old, she nearly as 
old. He, with Ellfcanpfh Wales and others, in 
1648, promoted the Vindiciae Veritatis, his 
name appearing at the head. In Halifax 
churchyard there formerly was the inscrip- 
tion: "In memory of Mr. Edward Hill, late 
Rector of Croftom, aged 79 years, a,nd of Ann 
his wife, who having been married 53 years, 
died both on the same day, and were buried 
January 29th, 1668-9. 

How far these four were related (if at all,) 
remains to be discovered. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



77 



NICHOLAS CTJDWORTH, after serving eome 
time Lightoliffe curacy, came to Coloy before 
August, 1649, and remained only a short 
time, being succeeded by Oliver Hey wood at 
Christmas, 1650. "Mr. Cudworth was a good 
scholar and a holy man as was hoped, and 
a good preacher, but so exceedingly melan- 
choly that it obscured his parts and rendered 
himself and labours less acceptable. He lived 
in Northowram, and in a melancholy humour 
he would not have gone to the chapel en a 
Lord's Day when people have been waiting 
for him, but said he could not preach, and 
so caused a disappointment. At other times 
in public he would have expounded a chap- 
ter in the forenoon till almost twelve o'clock, 
and fallen to preaching after, and so kept 
them out of time, eo that he tired people and 
they fell off from him, and he could not stay. 
He was not at Coley above a year, yet in that 
time he would have gathered a church in the 
Congregational way, but the Christians in 
that congregation being not of the persuasion 
did not encourage him in it, and so he did 
nothing and was glad to go awoy. He went 
from hence to Beeston, near Leeds, whence 
he was ejected in A,ugust. 1662. He was then 
an eld man. He preached a]to at Ardsley, 
Ossett, &o., and was not lonj resident any- 
where. He was very poor; built a house with 
difficulty upon Ossett Common; got into debt; 
travelted often to London about an augment- 
ation. He died about the time that the Cor- 
poration Act was passed, left a, widow and 
several children that are now got up, have 
shifted pretty well; live in Wakefield. In 
them God remembered hie covenant." 

RO3BKT ARMITAGE' was ejected from Hoi- 
beck Chapel, 1662, but continued to reside there 
in private until the Five Mile Act drove him 
away, whereupon 'he retired to a private 
oorner neao* Hfalifax,' and though watched 
for an advantage against him, he was never 
imprisoned. So far w?ts he from a party 
spirit that it was never known whether he 
was a Presbyterian. Congregationalist, or 
Episcopalian. Hi was a pious man, and a 
plain useful preacher; a man of spirit, yet 
sober, solid and peaceable; very zealous as a 
minister, and strict in reproving sin. He had 
been chaplain in the Parliamentary Army. 
He died April 20, 1689, aged 78. 

Mr. SAMUEL STANCLIFFE, M.A., was 
ejectt-d from 'Stanmore rfectory, Middlesex, in 
1662. He was born at Halifax, and educated at 
the Free Grammar School, Heath, whence he 
passed to St. John's College, Cambridge. He 
is mentioned in Newcourt's Rep. After his 
ejection he was pastor of a congregation at 
Rotherhithe, which he was obliged to leave 
through bodily weakness and indisposition. 



He died at Hoxton, December 12, 1705. He 
was a man of no party, an eminent divine, 
and had an admirable gift in prayer. He gave 
a hundred pounds to Halifax School, where a 
tablet was placed fco his memory : "In memory 
of the Rev. Mr. Samuel Stancliffe, descended 
from the ancient family of Stancliff (Shibden- 
dale-), in the parish of Halifax, Ac. Died 
December 12, 1705, aged 75." Captain Hodgson, 
of Coley, got his wife from this family. 



LIIL OTHER LITTLE-KNOWN NONCON- 
FORMISTS. 

The REV. JOSEPH DAWSON was ejected 
from Thornton Chapel, near Bradford, in 
August, 16G2. He had married Martha Best, 
of Shelf, daughter of John Best. The grand- 
father, who lived ajt Landimer in Shelf, had 
three children who lived to be married, name- 
ly this John, and Michael and Mary. Richard 
married again and had three more children, 
John, Michael and Mary, who also lived to be 
married. Mr. Joseph Dawson was a son of 
Abraham Dawson, of Morley, a man closely 
identified with Congregationalism, of good 
family. Lady Longborough was a direct 
descendant. Joseph, on his ejection in 1662. 
took up his abode in Shibdendale, and main- 
tained a life-long friendship with the Rev. 
Oliver Hey wood. His sons were namc-J Abra- 
ham, Joseph, ObadiaJi, Etliezer, Samuel, and 
Eli. The two first named and Eli were non- 
conformist ministers. The Rev. Joseph Evans 
of Sheffield, was great-grandson of the ejected 
minister. Abraham was ordained at Atter- 
cliffe in 1688, and after serving at Stanning- 
ton, near Sheffield, he passed the greater part 
of his life as minister at Cottingham, near 
Hull. Joseph was ordained ait Rathmel, near 
Settle, in 1698, but was ministering at Har- 
ford, near Richnund, at the time; and was 
afterwards mostly at Rochdale. Though liv- 
ing in Shibden, the ejected minister went con- 
stantly to Closes, in Cleckheaton, to preach; 
and in 1688 settled at Morley at the old Chapel 
retained by the Nonconformists. He was uni- 
versally and deservedly esteemed, and ie de- 
scribed as a very pious and learned man, 
greatly esteemed for his integrity, prudence, 
humility and meekness. He was a hard stu- 
dent and an 'affectionate preacher; and very 
successful in his ministerial labours. He 
died in June, 1709, aged 73. Eli Dawson, the 
youngest son, had seven sons of whom six 
were dissenting ministers, but all left that 
piofession, and four of them conformed; Dr. 
Benjamin Dawson becoming well-known in the 
literary world as 'author of learned treatise* 
in bhe defence of religious liberty; Dr. Thomas 
Dawson was an eminent physician at Hackney. 



78 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



A MR. ROBINSON was ejected from Cot- 
tingtham, near Hull, 1662; a man of great 
piety, but clouded with melancholy. He died 
soon after his ejectment. A Mr. Robinson, 
possibly the same man, was ejected some- 
where in the West Riding. He died at Ras- 
trick, and a gravestone at Blland commemor- 
ates his worth. See "Bridge End Chapel, 
Pasters and People." 

Mr. WILLIAM ASHLEY, of Hull, was 
ejected from the living at Rastrick in 1662. 
Dr. Calamy speaks of him as also ejected from 
Blackrode in Lancashire, but evidently in 
error. He was a Lancashire native, and edu- 
cated at Cambridge. He was a preacher at 
Rastriok but not fixed when the Uniformity 
Act came into force. He is described as "a 
very moderate pious man, of a pleasing dis- 
position and behaviour, generally beloved and 
honoured by those who knew him. He was a 
very edifying, practical preacher, and God 
prospered his labours at Hull for converting 
many souls. By his prudence and good tem- 
per he brought off the people from some ex- 
travagancies, and from the rigid opinions 
which Mr. Canne, his predecessor, had incul- 
cated; composed their differences, and kept 
them in peace as long as he lived. He was 
very laborious in his ministerial work, and 
shunned no opportunity to invite souls to 
Christ. His common discourse was pleasant 
and profitable, tending to the eame great end. 
His concern about his people was so ardent 
that it contributed to impair the vigour both 
of his body and mind. He was mighty in the 
Scriptures, having an excellent memory, 
which was strengthened by doily exercise. 
His preaching was spiritual and experimental, 
adapted bo comfort the afflicted and raise the 
dejected, as that of his fellow-labourer in Hull, 
Mr. Charles was to awaken the self-secure. He 
died April 4, 1695, having been declining some 
months, during which time his patience and 
resignation were very remarka/ble. He was 
buried in Drypool Church. The notice of Mr. 
Charles, of Mickleover in Derbyshire, who 
fled to Hull, gives an account of Mr. Ashley's 
escape from the Mayor of Hull, and Mr. 
Charles' trial, 1682. The Blackrode ejected 
minister, Lancashire, was Mr. Richard Astley, 
born near Manchester, educated there, was 
turned out in 1662 from Blackro.'.e, but be- 
came pastor of a dissenting congregation in 
Hull, where he died about the year 1691. Mr. 
Aistley, of Chesterfield, was a descendant, and 
probably also Mr. Astlay, Noxthgate Chapel. 
Halifax. 

Mr. JOHN MALLINSON was ejected from 
Melling Vicarage in August, 1662. He had 
been educated at Oxford, and was esteemed 



an excellent scholar, but not a very celebrated 
preacher. We do not know of anything print- 
ed by him. He was a native of Rastrick, and 
ha/ving a numerous family, he died very poor 
in May, 1685, aged 75. 

There was a Mir. WILLIAM RASTRICK, of 
Lynne Regis in Norfolk, a friend of Dr. 
Calamy, the author of the letter at the end of 
the Doctor's Defence of Moderate Conformity. 
He wrote a valuable manuscript, which was pre- 
served by Calamy's descendants, entitled 
"Index eorum Theologorum Alioriimque 
(2257) Qui Propter Legem Uniformitatis, Aug. 
24, 1662, ab ElcoleSia Anglicana secesserunt. 
Alphabetico ordine, ac eectundum Gradus suos 
depositus." William Rastrick's name does 
not appear among the ejected, but in Palmer's 
edition of Calamy a paragraph is inserted 
which shews that he was son of John Ras- 
triok, M.A., of Kirkton in Lincolnshire, who 
ministered to a congregation at King's Lynn, 
where his son succeeded him. In William 
Rastrick's majnuscript, just mentioned, there 
is an account of his father, who suffered much 
from persecution, and died at Lynn, August 
18, 1727, aged 78. Mr. Ford, of Sudbury. 
preached his funeral sermon, which I believe 
was printed. There is a monument to him 
beajring a long Latin inscription, from which 
we learn that he was a native of Heckingl'on, 
Lincolnshire, and that after holding Kirkton 
Vicarage for fourteen years he became a 
nonconformist voluntarily. He corresponded 
with Thoresby, of Leeds, on antiquarian mat- 
ters, and was of a local Yorkshire family, it 
is assumed. He published an ordination ser- 
mon, 1714. 

Probably, JAMES ILLINGWORTH, B.D., 
Fellow of Elmannel College, Cambridge, whence 
he was ejected in 1662, though stated to have 
been born in Lancashire was of Halifax 
origin. 

I believe the Mr. JOHN WAITE, who held 
Halifax Vicarage casually, had been from 
1632 to 1660 vicar of Gargrave, and afterwards 
vicar of Wetwang in East Yorkshire, whence 
he was ejected in 1662, but continued after 
that date, and preached in his own house 
publicly. His wife kept a school, and he as- 
sisted her. He was not allowed to keep one 
himself. Lady Norcliffe gave him 5 yearly, 
and otherwise favoured the nonconformists of 
the East Riding. The Norcliffe family ori- 
ginated from Norcliffe in Shibdendale. Mr. 
Waite had three children, so he turned farmer, 
tending cows and sheep himself, and though 
often disturbed by the constable he kept an 
open preaching house, and was esteemed 
highly by his neighbours, so that they shield- 
ed him from imprisonment. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



79 



LIV. SOME LOCAL CLERGYMEN. 
WILLIAM CLIFFORD, M.A. 

Mr Samuel Clifford, B.A., was ejected from 
Knoyle rectory, in Wiltshire, in 1662. His 
father, William Clifford, was an eminent 
minister at Yarlington, in Somerset, in 1630. 
Abraham Clifford, proctorat Pembroke Col- 
li^e, Cambridge, B.D., and Fellow was ejected 
in Essex, became M.D., and died n London, 
1675. He was author of Methodus Evange 1 '- 
cus. Isaac Clifford, born ai Frampton, was 
ejected in Dorsetshire, 1062. Samuel Clifford 
above mentioned was a scholar at Frampton, 
in Dorsetshire, probably they were brothers, 
and their father the school master there. I 
give these particulars because I have been 
seeking to identify the author of the follow- 
ing tract : 

THE POWER OF KINGS, particu- 
larly the British Monarchy, assorted and 
vindicated in a SERMON preached at 
WAKEFIELD, in the County of York, Sun- 
day, October the 30th, 1681. By WILLIAM 
CLIFFORD, A.M., printed in London by S. 
Roycroft for Robert Clavell, and are to be 
sold by Francis Bentley, bookseller, in Halli- 
fax, 1682. I have a copy, and there is one in 
York Minster Library. This is a small quar- 
to of iv. and 31 pages. [We shall note a few 
other publications that bear the name of 
Francis Bentley as a Halifax bookseller, such 
as John Smith's Sabbath Book, 1694, and 
Oliver Heywood's Diaries add further notices.] 
Pages iii. and iv. contain an address "To all 
Loy.vl Subjects. Gentlemen, being about to 
publish this Sermon, &c. Ho then attacks in 
the Sermon, (supposed to be based on the 
text "Against thee only have I sinned,") the 
Genevan puritans and Nonconformist factions. 
He snvs "Kings have power to dispense with 
the Law at their pleasure. Neither is thero 
the em-crest punishment the Lrw can infli't, 
but it is in the power of the King to remit 
it." Latin, Greek and Hebrew are thrown 
into the argument. "It is not long since the 
.vhole Churoh of England was martyred in 
the cause of her Sovereign Lord. Let those 
who were tho designers and the actors of that 
I'.nevangelical zeal live unprralled and die un- 
pitixl." "The soepter is put into the hands 
of Kings by God almighty alone." I refer the 
more curious to mine annotations upon the 
Church Catechism (in the Fifth Command- 
ment) now under the hands of the amanuen- 
sis and will Bono cum Deo be ere long ready 
for the press. If they demand why in the 
reign of Queen Mary the Romish religion and 
in the reign of Queen Elizabeth the Reformed 
religion prevailed? there can be no other 



reason given but that (next under God) it was 
Ex Reginarum arbitrio." Who this benighted 
AVil'iam Clifford, M.A., wap, remains to me a 
puzzle that I wish to resolve, so I must b 
content to add what little I know of him or 
another of the same name. Mr. Wright, in 
his preface to the "Antiquities of Hmlifax,'" 
1738, states that a late learned clergyman, 
Mr. William Clifford, M.A., has been heard to 
say that the severe gibbet custom was granted 
to preserve the King's deer in tiie Forest of 
Hoirdwick (Sowerbyshire), but this seems to 
carry a greater air of probability than truth." 
Except that extremes often meet, one can 
scarcely imagine this man do have been at all 
related to the three ejected clergymen of 
Dorsetshire district. The only William Clif- 
ford that I can fix in this locality was the 
parson at Lightcliffe, who was there more than 
twenty years, from before 1678 to after 1700. 
when he removed to Ha worth Chxirch, and of 
him and his children 1 have gained a few 
particulars (See my History of Haworth.) 
This William Clifford died at Northowram. 
April 18th, 1733, and was buried at Halifax. 
April 2lst. He had not preached for some 
yews being very old. From my notes I 
gather he had a son Grotius, whose son Groti- 
us Clifford, junior, resided at Shelf, and was 
a nonconformist ! The descendants of Grotius 
live in Leeds, as represented by Mrs. Buhner. 
It may be worth noticing that the great 
theologian Grotius is quoted with special ap- 
proval in the fore-mentioned pamphlet. In 
the Minster Library, York, there is a very 
small book, 24mo, by a W. Clifford, entitled, 
"A Little Manual of the Poor Man's Dayly 
Dovotion," printed a.t Paris in 1682. 

MR. JOSIAH HOLDSWORTH, a, native of 
Ripponden, was ejected from Poppleton Chxirch 
near York. Be was for some years a minister 
in Essex, where he was useful to many. After 
his ejectment in 1662 he removed to Wake- 
field, and p.lso for a year preached at Idle 
chapel. He died at Wakefield, October 18. 
1677, aged 75. He was a very intelligent and 
pious man, of a very venerable aspect, and had 
great judgment in physic. His m, also 
named .Tosiah Holdsworth. was ejected from 
Button, in Yorkshire, in 1662. He had been 
educated at Cambridge. After his ejection he 
was some time chaplain to Sir Richard Hoj,'li- 
ton, of Hoghton Tower. Lancashire. In 1672 
he was at Heckmondwike, and licensed his 
house for preachings under the Indulgence 
Act. He diod in 1685 in middle age. being 
under fifty. He was a man of great piety, 
sincerity, strictness and industry in ministeri- 
al work, and blessed with much success, and 
the loving memory of his work was maintain- 
ed long after his depth. 



80 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



ME. EDMUND HOUGH was ejected from 
Jesus College, Cambridge, in 1662, but he 
afterwards conformed and died Vicar of Hali- 
fax, sadly persecuted by some party men, 
April 1, 1689, aged 59. He is said to have 
died of grief. He was a, man of great modera- 
tion and piety, and behaved in a very friendly 
manner to the dissenters. 

ME. JOHN PEEBLES, of Lightcliffe, in 
1630, &c., was one of the ejected ministers of 
1662, from some place in the West Eiding. 
Whilst at Lightoliffe many of his children 
were born, amongst them John Peebles, clerk 
to the West Eiding Magistrates, Justice o*~ 
Peace, the great persecutor of Heywood and 
the nonconformists. 

ME. JONATHAN SCHOLFIEILD, of Cross- 
stone, 1643, took an active part when the 
Eoyalists and Parliamentarians were in com- 
bat about Heptonetall. He left Heywood 
Chapel, in Lancashire, in 1659 for Dowgles, in 
Lancashire, but was ejected in 1662. He and 
his numerous family suffered much for non- 
conformity. He died in 1667, aged 60. Mr. 
Scholfield, of Birmingham (1800), was a des- 
cendant. 

DB. EDWAED WATEBHOUSE was a cele- 
brated Antiquary and Herald author of an 
octavo volume: "The defence of Arms and 
Armoury," 1660, octavo, 232 pages; and was 
believed to be the main contributor to "Mor- 
gan's Sphere of Gentry." His arms corres- 
pond with the Halifax Waterhouses. He was 
author of "The Gentleman's Monitor," 1665, 
octavo, with portrait of the author; "Apology 
for Learning and Learned Men," 1653, octavo; 
"Two Brief Meditations," 1653, octavo; "Piety 
Policy and Charity of elder Times and Christ- 
ians," 1655, 12mo.; " Fotresque Illustraitufi, 
or Sir John's de Laudibus Legem," 1663, folio, 
with portraits of Sir John, and Dr. Water- 
house; "Narrative of the Eire in London," 
1667, octavo, 190 pages, and his portrait. 

There was an earlier Edward Waterhouse, 
who wrote "The Affairs of Virginia, the mas- 
sacre by the Native Infidels upon the English; 
and a treatise is annexed, written by Mr. 
Henry Briggs (query a Yorkshi reman), Of 
the North West Passage to the South Sea. 
London, 1622, quarto. There is scarcely room 
for doubt that both were Halifax men. 



LV. EOGEiE KENION, HENEY EOOTE, 

JOSEPH FEBEETT, JONATHAN 

MITCHELL. 

There had been a Vicar of Eochdale named 
B, Tfonion, who was succeeded there in Oc- 
tober, 1615, by Henry Tilson He could 
scarcely be EOGEiE KEOSTION, who held the 
living of Eipponden from 1656 to August, 



1663. Calamy, page 837, states that Eoger 
Kenion had turned out in 1662 under the 
Bartholomew Act, but afterwards conformed. 
Mr. Watson, a successor at Eipponden, saw 
a hundred years later, copies (evidently in 
manuscript) of Kenion's two last sermons 
preached at Eipponden, August 17, 1663, 
wheroin he advises his headers not to neglect 
the first opportunity of closing with another 
preacher for he was persuaded that true 
spiritual bread would be more scarce and 
precious than it had been. "In aJl probabil- 
ity they would not find one so curious at a 
simile as he, for he says, "We are like unto 
a man that is in a pinakle of a Church, and 
seeth out at a hoale, where he can see no- 
thing but what is before the hoale, but God 
is like unto a mam on the top of the pinakle 
that seeth round about." 

HENEY EOOTE, or Boot, was born about 
1590, and was educated in Magdalene College, 
Oxford, after which he travelled much 
abroad, probably with the Saviles. He had 
influential friends, who designed to place 
him at Denton Chapel, near Manchester, in 
1632, but Mr. Angier, Oliver Hey wood's 
father-in-law, got the place. He obtained 
the neighbouring chapel at Gorton, and in 
1634 baptised Mr. Angier's daughter, the 
future wife of Heywood. In 1643 he and Mr. 
Horrooks preached the nuptial sermons when 
Mr. Angier married a second time. In the 
same year he was placed in charge of Hali- 
fax Vicarage, but in 1646 pressure of some 
kin' 1 led him to settle at Sowerby Chapel. 
In the year 1646 he joined in the famous 
Cheshire and Lancashire controversy between 
the Presbyterians and Independents, and 
printed a pamphlet, dated from Sowerby, 
March, 1646, entitled: 

A JUST APOLOGY FOE THE CHUECH OF 
DUCKENFIELD, 

which ma<y be found in one or two Manches- 
ter libraries. At Sowerby, about 16156, be 
gathered a congregational Church, as part of 
the organisation at Sowerby Church, and 
held the pastorate and living until the Uni- 
formity Act, August, 1662, and indeed euch 
was the attachment of the people to him that 
he continued to preach in the Church for 
half-a-year after August, without serious 
molestation; but re-action set in and he 
suffered severely. In Watson's "Ha.lifax" 
and Tillotson's "Life" will be found a letter 
written about 1649 by the future Archbishop 
to his respected friend Mr. Boot. Eobert 
Tillotson, father of (the doctor, was one of 
the leading Congregationoiliets with Boot, 
and afterwards with Oliver Heywood. In 
1663, Mr. Boot was forcibly taken out of his 
own house by three bailiffs, who broke open 
the inner door of a room, and hurried him 
faster than his age could bear, not suffer- 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



81 



ing him to take his coat, staff or puree, and 
treated him otherwise than gently. He was 
suspected of participating in the Yorkshire 
and other plots, and was twice prisoner in 
York Castle for three months, but discharg- 
ed by the justices having discovered the com- 
mittment to be illegal. He was sent a third 
time to York Castle, by Sir John Armytage, 
of Kirklees, a violent jvncl bitter enemy to 
the Nonconformists, shewing no cause, and 
there he was kept in a small, close room, and 
not suffered to have his wife come to him 
for a considerable time, or even into the 
Castle. At length he was removed into the 
city prison, a filthier place. The whole of 
his imprisonment was near twelve months. 
More of his sufferings will be found in tlio 
Conformist's Fourth Plea, pages 50, 51. He 
died October 20, 1669, and was buried on the 
28th at Sowerby, with much solemnity. [See 
article 31 of this series.] 

His eon TIMOTHY ROOT, being settled at 
Sowerby Bridge Chapel, also joined the 
Nonconformists in August, 1662, and suffered 
great hardships for many years. Like his 
father, he was an eminently popular preacher 
at the various churches and monthly exer- 
cises of West Yorkshire, but at length, about 
1685, he conformed and became rector of 
Howden. He died at Beverley in 1687. In 
1670 he had been apprehended at Shadwell 
and was sent, with many of the congrega- 
tion, to York Castle. Heywood joined in a 
thanksgiving afc Slaithwaite on his release. 

JOSEPH FERRETT, called ajso erroneous- 
ly Joshua Farret, was incumbent of Hepton- 
stall in 1662, and, according to Watson, was 
buried at Halifax. From Calamy we learn 
that he was ejected at Pontefract in 1662, 
and that he was a oonstn<nt laborious preach- 
er, of competent gifts and learning. He had 
a very good library which he refused to part 
with, although much straitened in his cir- 
cumstances on losing his stated income. He 
died in 1663, aged about 64. Mr. Richard 
Holmes, Pontefract historian, in 1889 called 
my attention to this man, and stated that it 
is thought he was buried at the Old Meeting 
House in Pontefract. He had acted as Com- 
monwealth Vicar, but was not appointed in 
the usual way, and at the Restoration, 1660, 
he retired, Mr. Samuel Drake (son of the 
Diarir-t, of whom we shall further write,) be- 
ing appointed April 6th, 1661. The Patent 
Rolls gives "Joseph Firra, resigned." After 
his resignation, Mr. Ferret established a 
congregation at Tanshelf, near Pontefract. 
I have no proof that he printed anything. 

JONATHAN MITCHELL, the New Eng- 
land divine, was taken to America when a 
boy by his faUher, in 1635. From Oliver Hey- 
wood's Manuscripts and from Dr. Mather's 
Magnalia, (book 4, page 167), we learn that 
Mr. Denton, the parson at Coley, and some 



local families, removed to New England, be- 
cause of the persecutions under the Bishops 
at the time when the Book of Sports caine- 
out. The Magnalia states that Denton died 
in New England, but Heywood says that he- 
turned about 1659, and died in Essex soon 
afterwards. Dr. Mather gives a particular 
account of Mr. Matthew Mitchell who went 
to America, in 1635, in the same ship that 
carried over Mr. Richard Mather, Minister 
at Toxteth, Liverpool. Mitchell was a pious, 
wealthy person, and his kinsfolk in Shibden- 
dale and Lightcliffe had considerable wealth. 
His sufferings in Now England were numer- 
ous and grievous. Several of his people were 
killed by the Pequot Indians, and many of 
his cattle were killed or stolen. At another 
time his house, barn, and goods were destroy- 
ed by an accidental fire. English settlers 
also quarrelled with him, and he died from a 
painful attack of the stone in 1645, aged 54. 
Jonathan, his son, wae eleven years old when 
they crossed the Atlantic in 1635. He became 
the greatest orator of the colony, and as 
preacher and pagtor of the church at Cam- 
bridge, New England, he was very celebrated. 
He died in 1668, and a large account of him 
appears in the Magnaliai, book 4. "All New 
England shook when that pillar fell to the 
ground." 



LVI. THOMAS WRIGHT, POET. 



I naone this Thomas Wright a poet to dis- 
tinguish him from the Rev. Thomas Wright, 
of Halifax and Ripponden, author of the small 
book, "Antiquities of Halifax," already men- 
tioned. He was generally known as Tommy 
Wright, and his celebrated grandson, and 
namesake, whose name will stand imperish- 
ably in the annals of English literature has 
preserved to us not only a life-like memoir of 
the grandfather, but one of the rarest and 
most interesting pictures of rural life in 
West Yorkshire that has appeared in print,, 
namely: AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF THOMAS 
WRIGHT, of Birkenshaw, 1736-1797, edited by 
his grandson. Thomas Wright, M.A. F.S.A., 
&c., 1864, small 8vo. Half-title, frontispiece 
a woodcut of Lower Blacup, title, preface, 
xxxi pages. Autobiography and Appendix 
344 pages, published at 6s. Printed at the 
Chiswick press. This is an interesting memoir, 
giving the social life of the district before 
1800. It is not a very scarce book, but one 
of my copies is interesting because it bears 
the presentation inscription from the emin- 
ent French and English antiquary who edited 
it, to our mutuful friend Abraham Holroyd, 
of Saltaire, besides a letter of thanks for help 
Mr. Holroyd gave in adding notes to the old 
manuscript. The word 'howpey' for a horse 
completely puzzled the editor, which his 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



father and grandfather would easily have re- 
cognised. There is no index to the book, yet 
I have found it necessary to make a manu- 
script one to find readily the references to 
one hundred and forty individuals mentioned. 
Only a fraction of these, however, were con- 
nected with Halifax. 

Thomas Wright, the poet-controversialist, 
wats born at the Mulcture Hall in Halifax, on 
Monday, January 27, 1736, about tea o'clock 
in the forenoon. ("February 7th is now my 
birthday, new style/') "I was baptised at 
the parish church in Halifax, February 24th, 
1736. I lived with my father and mother, and 
grandmother and grandfather Cordingley, at 
the Mulcture Hall, where they all lived to- 
gether till they all died." His mother died 
when he was two years old, and his father a 
year or two later. Mrs. Cordingley carefully 
tended her daughter's only surviving child, 
and had him inoculated by the famous Dr. 
Nettleton, an author previously mentioned. 
Tommy survived his inoculation, but carried 
forwards a pitted skin and a wea,k eye. His 
nurse was Mary Moore the blacksmith's 
daughter at Smithy-stake, who married a 
joiner from Belly-brigg (Bailiffe Bridge,) call- 
ed Jack Wright, yet continued to live in one 
of the Cordingley houses in Lower Church 
Steps. Only old inhabitants will remember 
the disreputable cottage property abutting 
the churchyard on the north side, or the 
Smithy Stake and Mulcture HaJl close by. 
When I first Knew "Mooter Hall" it had pass- 
ed from the tenancy of Mr. Stott, engraver, 
to be a common lodging house. Formerly it 
had been the miller's residence, where he had 
deducted his share of the corn that was 
Drought to the manorial corn-mill. Hence, 
its name of Mulcture; and probably the 
manor courts had. been held there. Tommy 
ivent to a school kept by Natty Binns, a lame 
man, in one of the Cordingley's cottages, then 
to the charity school near by, taught by 
Thomas Simpson. Beacon Hill he calls the 
Haynes, and a cottage on the road to Shib- 
den Hall he names Wiskem Dandies. He 
mentions many folks, both good and bad, that 
lived in and near Halifax; the treachery of 
Abraham Barraiclough, of Shelf, George Wal- 
lace who made leather breeches, Bobby Alex- 
ander who succeeded his father as a physician, 
Billy Wood, who succeeded his father as a 
huckster near the church, and so on. His 
grandmother had to withdraw into one of the 
cottages, and shortly afterwards died, where- 
upon he was transferred to her sister Mrs. 
Lydia Ellison, of Birkenshaw, but we cannot 
follow him further on these lines, through his 
adventurous history, including his run-away 
wedding at Gretna Green. For some 
time he resided at " Leisterdyke " and 
attended Bradford Grammar School. 
We need not follow him in all the details of 



his life, and only further mention that hie 
eldest son, Thomas was born at Lower Bla- 
cup, near Cleckheaton, on March 8th, 1771. 
He was fat/her of the noted antiquary, and 
was apprenticed to John a,nd George Nichol- 
son (father and son) booksellers and printers, 
Bradford, and went with George Nicholson's 
printing establishment into Shropshire in 
1799, and at Poughnil his son, the antiquary, 
was born. Old Tommy, the author under re- 
view, died on January 30th, 1801, and was 
buried at Whifeechapel, Cleckheaton. Be- 
sides the Autobiography, printed by his 
grandson, he was an author on his own ac- 
count. His ancestors came from Keighley 
district to Bradford and Wibsey. He bore 
his grandfather's name, Thomas Wright of 
the Bowling Green Inn, Bradford, whose eon 
John Wright was born there, and being ap- 
prenticed to a Halifax cabinet-maker, he met 
with and married Elizabeth, only child of 
Thomas Cordingley, of Mulcture Hall, where 
she was born in November, 1711, and died 
there February 19th, 1738, as shewn by her 
gravestone in Halifax churchyard. I have 
not seen (so fair as I remember) a copy of the 
first edition of Thomas Wright's controversial 
poem, and the grandson-editor had only seen 
the family copy. The book was printed at 
Leeds by J. Bowling, in 1778, under the title: 
A MOD'EtttN FAMILIAR RELIGIOUS CON- 
VERSATION, 
Among people of Differing Sentiments; 

AI Poetical Essa<y. 

It was written in defence of the person and 
teaching of John Wesley, though he was 
never a very closely dentified Methodist, as 
stated in his own character "Richard" of the 
poem : 

i own ingenuously to you, 
I think their doctrines nearly true, 
I am not, Jemmy, of their sect, 
Yet I the people much respect, 
Wish well to what they chiefly teach, 
And often go to hear them preach. 
He, however, became known to John Wesley, 
John Fletcher, of Madeley, whom he visited 
in Shropshire in 1773, and some of their 
travelling preachers. In 1775 Mr. (afterwards 
Sir) Richard Hill issued am "Heroic Poem" 
scurrilously attacking Mr. Wesley, which 
called forth Wright's "Heroic Poem to Rich- 
ard Hill," a clever parody, but was not then 
printed. The more comprehensive defence of 
Anninianism soon after followed in verse, and 
was issued to the public in 1778. A second 
edition of which I have two copies, followed 
in 1812 with a "Life of the Author." 

A FAMILIAR REJLIGIOUS CONVERSATION, 

In verse; by Thomas Wright. 
Leeds, printed for the editor (by Leak and 
Nichols), 1812. It is a small octavo in size, 
but printed in sheets of twenty four pages 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



83 



each. There are viii paid 1-148 pages. The 
preface states that this was reprinted from 
a copy corrected and amended by the author, 
but there is no indication who issued this 
edition. He altered and added words and 
lines that the author had not interfered with. 
The notes to the poem, which takes the form 
of dialogues between Richard and Jamee, 
shew that Wright was well aoquaiated with 
his bible, and the controversial tracts of tho 
period, including the poem by Titus Knight, 
of Halifax, on "Thoughts on the Divine De- 
cree." One of the characters speaks of the 
sight-seeing crowds nocking to hear Wesley : 

They come, and rmn, and sweat, and blow, 
Press near, squat on their knees they bow, 
Peep in their habs; then gape and stare 
As if some little God was there. 
And fresh enthusiasts are found 
For him whenever he comes round. 
They run, and he's a wonder still, 
Just like the man on Beacon-hill, 
Where numbers throng and make ado 
As if there was a puppet show." 
The man on .Beacon-hill was the murderer, 
whose body hung in chains there. 

The Appendix to the Autobiography gives 
nearly sixty pages of poeins apart from the 
"Religious Conversation," and of a different 
and mostly superior poetical character. His 
elegy on his daughter Maxy, and the poem on 
the death of his son John, with the subse- 
quent poems on the memory of the same in- 
fant son, place the author on an unquestion- 
able poetic platform. The Heroic Poem to 
Richard Hill, Esquire, the family lines to 
Joshua Craven, and the Observations on a 
pamphlet entitled "Polyphemus, or a Cyclops 
combatting Truth," complete the poetical ad- 
ditions to the chatty biography. Mr. Titus 
Knight wrote the said pamphlet against Mr. 
Thomas Taylor, the Wesleyan preacher, who 
had been a blacksmith, hence the title Cyclops. 



LVIL THE KNIGHTS. 



Mr. Watson has an ungracious note in his 
"History" en TITUS KNIGHT, a collier in 
this parish, who turned preacher and pub- 
lished a discourse, printed at Leeds, entitled : 

THE FAHTH OF THE SAINTS, 
being the substance of a sermon preached at 
the opening .f the New Meeting House be- 
longing to the Independents, in Blanket Row, 
Hull, on Sunday, April 9, 1/769, by Titus 
Knight, Minister of the Gospel at Halifax in 
Yorkshire." 

Little did Mr. Watson anticipate that this 
clever collier would become a famous preacher, 
and father of a Vicar of Halifax, and grand- 



father of equally famous clergymen. This 
same ex-collier, born December 17, 1719, wag 
also author of 

AMYNTAS AND PHILETUS; 

or Christian Conversation illustrated in a 
friendly visit to the country; in seven dia- 
logues. By Titus Knight. Minister of the 
Gospel at Halifax in Yorkshire. Leeds, print- 
ed for the author and sold by many of the 
booksellers in Town and country. There is 
no printer's name or date. It is duodecimo 
size with twenty-four pages to a sheet. Pages 
i. to xiv. give the title, preface dated May 5, 
1770, and contents. The Diadogues occupy 
pages 1-301. The book shews that Mr. Knight 
was not only a great reader and facile writer, 
but also a close observer of nature aoid human 
nature. Notices of him may be found in Dan 
Taylor's Life. Knight was one of the early 
Methodist converts, and for a while associated 
and laboured with the Wesleyans, but changed 
his mind on some theological points. Mr. 
Grdmshaw, of Haworth, still continued his 
friend, and oegged money towards procuring 
a meeting place at Halifax, the first of Mr. 
Grimshaw's rubscribers being Lady Hunting- 
don, who offered to procure episcopal ordin- 
ation for -u.r. Knight. Two cottages in Gael 
Lane, Halifax, were converted into a meeting 
place which was known as Chapel Fold, the 
lease bearing date 1763. Soon the room be- 
came overcrowded, and led on by Mr. James 
Kershaw, a gentleman of culture and great 
esteem, steps were taken to erect more com- 
modious premises. The result was that the 
venerable brick building, still known as 
Square Chapel, was erected at a cost of over 
.2,000, overlooking the old Parish Church. 
The Rev. Henry Venn, Vicar of Hudderofield. 
collected .170 towards the cost. The Chapel 
was opened in May % 1772, and was the talk 
of the religious world; some of the London 
preachers being greatly displeased with the 
pride and show, the pulpit having cost .100. 
A greater contrast than tlie Gaol Lane con- 
venticle and the capacious Chapel can scarcely 
be imagined. Yet what would the grumbleip 
have said if they could have seen the Square 
Church spring up to out-do its neighbour 
the brick chapel, now converted into a 
schoolroom ! 

Mr. Knight has been truly described as a 
stirring, energetic and useful preacher. He 
was much associated with Whitefield, at whose 
chapels in London and elsewhere he regularly 
preached during two months of each year. 
He wrote the epitaph for Whitefield's monu- 
ment at Tottenham Court Chapel, London. 
Air. Knight resigned his charge, September 13, 
1791, and died at Halifax March 2nd, 1793, 
aged 74. Besides "The Faith of the Saintn" 
the sixpenny pamphlet mentioned by Watson, 



84 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



and the dialogues "Aimyntas and Philetus," 
he had printed before May, 1770, "A Sermon 
on the Hainousness of Sin, the Insufficiency 
of Man's Righteousness, and the Fulness of 
Salvation in Christ," price 3d. ; also a volume 
of "Sermons on important Subjects, with a 
treatise on the Imputation of Sin and Bight- 
eousness," printed at Leeds in 1766, an octavo 
volume at 3s. 6d. ( a, copy of which is in Hali- 
fax Free Library; also a shilling booklet on 
"Queries and Observations relating to the 
Divinity of the Son of God," and also a 
poem entitled "Polyphemus, or a Cyclops 
combatting Truth." Mr, Thomas Wright re- 
plied in poetry to this pamphlet as mentioned 
in the last article. On looking at my copy of 
"Sermons on Important Subjects, with Treatise 
on the Imputation of Sin and of Bighteons- 
ness," I find it was printed by Griffith Wright, 
Leeds, 1766, the preface being signed June 20, 
1766. It is an octavo volume comprising 
twelve serjnons, viii. and 349 pages, whilst the 
Treatise on Imputation has a second title page 
(Leeds, Griffith Wright), and has v. and 101 
pages additional. The preface to this part is 
dated May, 1766. 

A further account of the controversy will be 
found in the notice of the Eev. W. Graham. 
"Salvation by Christ," a sermon, 1770. is in 
Halifax Free Library. "Christian Conversa- 
tion" was printed by Henry Martin, Upper 
George Yiard, Halifax and consists of 207 
pages, small 8vo., or 12mo., 1845, and is a re- 
print of "Amyntae, &c." Mr. Henry Martin 
was editor of the "Halifax Express," and 
announced his intention of printing a life of 
Titus Knight, with history of Independency 
in Halifax, but failed to do so. There is an 
anonymous pamphlet in Halifax Free Library 
that attacks Mr. Titus Knight on "Liberty of 
Conscience: Curse ye Meroz, Letters written 
on the occasion of the Opposition to a late 
Bill for Liberty of Conscience, first published 
in the ''Leeds intelligencer," and now repub- 
lished by desire; to which is added a letter 
from a Cobbler to a, Collier [ ? Titus Knight.] 
of High Benown, 1778 

A Memoir of Mr. Knight, with portrait, ap- 
pears in the ''Evangelical Magazine" Septem- 
ber, 1793. "Amynta&" represents his own life 
and experience, and further notices of him 
appear in the Life of Lady Huntingdon, Metho- 
dism in Halifax, and Taylor and Fawcett's 
Lives. 

THE REV. SAMUEL KNIGHT was born at 
Halifax on March 9th, 1757, being the oldest 
child (by a .-econd marriage) of Titus Knight, 
who became the founder and minister of the 
Independent Chapel at Halifax, as just re- 
corded. Samuel was so frail an infant that 
when Dr. Legh, the Vicar, was officiating at 
his baptism, he thought the infant had ex- 



pired, and was refusing to proceed with the 
ceremony, little imagining that the frail 
infant would become Vicar of Halifax. The 
succeeding children of Titus Knight were not 
baptised at the Parish Church, as the father 
became a decided, but not bigotted Noncon- 
formist about 1760. Samuel was taught Greek 
from infancy by his father, and at twelve was 
placed at Hipperholme Grammar School, 
un3er the Eev. Eichard Sutcliffe, incumbent 
of Lightcliffe. and for two years profited in 
the dead languages under the able classical 
tuition of Mr. Sutcliffe. For about four years 
Samuel studied at home, but returned in his 
19th year to Hipperholme School as an assist- 
ant until he went to College in 1779, aided by 
the Elland Society, founded by the Eev. 
George Burnett, of Elland, a notable evangeli- 
cal clergyman. Samuel entered Magdalene 
College, Cambridge, on the same day as the 
Eev. Thomais Eogers, of Wakefield, both 
travelling together from Leeds in the same 
ooach. Samuel became a wrangler, antf a 
Fellow of the College. In March, 1783. he be- 
came oura.te under a notable Yorkshireman, 
Mr. Adam, of Wintringham in Lincolnshire, 
and he kept a school or academy there. In 
1794 Lord Carrington gave him the incumbency 
of Humberston, but he continued to reside at 
Wintringham, and for some years also held 
the curacy of Eoxby. In 1795 an Act WP.R ob- 
tained for a new church at Halifax, of which 
Mr. Knight became first incumbent in 1789, 
on the nomination of Dr. Coulthurst, Vicar of 
Halifax. Mr. Knight, with his family, 
settled at Halifax in April. In December, 
1817. he relinquished Trinity Church for the 
Parish Church, Dr. Coulthnrst having died 
December llth, 1817, amd his son, the BPV. 
James Knight, became curate, holding the 
same until 1824, when he removed to Sheffield. 
The.Eev. Samuel Knight died at the Vicarage, 
Halifax, January 7, 1827, universally esteemed, 
particularly by the Etvangelical party. Further 
particulars may be found in 

SERMONS AND MISCELLANEOUS WOEKS 

o* the Eev. Samuel Knight, A.M., late Vicar 
of Halifax, ar/ranged and revised by the Eev 
James Knight, A..M., St. Paul's Church, 
Sheffield, to which is prefixed a MEMOIR by 
the Kev. William Knight, A.M., St. John's 
Church, Hull. Halifax, N. Whitley, 1828. 
Vol. I. has a steel-plate portrait of the Hali- 
fax Viciii? \t is an octavo volume with cxxvii. 
pages, preface, contents, and memoir; Works, 
pages 1-312 comprising Occasional Sermonfi. 
Lectures on Philemon, Exposition of Eccl. I. 
and II., Pastoral Hints to Parishioners of 
Humberston, Family Prayers, &c. Vol. II., 
Halifax, N. Whitley, 1828, pages xv., 1-434. 
Sermons (35 in number). 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



85 



The following are the two pamphlets issued 
by Mr. Knight himself: 

"ON CONFIRMATION; for the use of 
tho:-e young persons who are desirous of be- 
ing confirmed." By the Rev. S. Knight, 
A.M., Minister of Trinity Church, Halifax. 
Third edition. Halifax, P. K. Holden, 1812, 
12 pages. 

Tlie first -dition was issued in 1800, and a 
fourth edition before 1828.. In 1791, the 
year before the death of his father, he pub- 
lished "FORMS OF PRAYER for the Use of 
Christian Families," which ran through six- 
teen editions before his own death; and hie 
son edited and enlarged the work in subse- 
quent editions. The fouiteenth edition, print- 
ed at York in 1820, is a small duodecimo, of 
108 pages, inscribed to the parishioners of 
Wintringham. I have a copy of this edition, 
and the 19th, York, Thos. Wilson, 1832, 108 
pages. 

A large octavo pamphlet of twenty-six pages 
calls for insertion at this point. It is en- 
titled "The Remembrance and Imitation of 
Departed Pastors." A Sermon preached in 
the Parish Church of Halifax, January 14th. 
1827, on the occasion of the death of the Rev. 
Samuel Knight, M.A., Vicar of the said 
parish; by the Rev. William Carus Wilson, 
M.A., of Tunstall &c." Halifax, N. Whitley. 
Price Is. 1827. 

Vioar Knight's two sons were also authors, 
as under: 

The REV. JAMES KNIGHT, M.A., Shetrield, 
curate at Halifax for six years, published a 
22 page pamphlet, 8vo., at Sheffield in 1850, 
entitled "Remarks on Baptismal Regeneration ." 
I have also a copy of the volume entitled 
"The Truth find Importance of the Christian 
Religion." Sheffield, 1856, small 8vo., pp. x., 
101. He published "Discourses on the Princi- 
pal Miracles of Our Lord," 1831, 500 pages, 
8vo. " Religion not Speculative but Practical, 
a sermon at St. Mary's, Oxford, by the Rev. 
J. Knight, M.A., Curate of Halifax; 8vo. (1823). 
He also edited and added a second serien 
to his father's "Forms of Prayer." I have be- 
fore me the ?9th edition of his father's eerie* 
with the third edition of the second series (by 
himself) in .-ne volume, printed at Halifax 
by N. Whitley, 12mo., pages 175. The York 
edition of his father's, 1832, just mentioned, 
was therefore not the 19th edition. I have 
also the volume printed by Whitley and 
Booth, HaJifax, 1858, 12mo., 178 pages. This 
is called the ,.5th edition of the original book, 
and 19th of the Second Series. In Halifax 
Free Library there are copies of the "Forms 
of Prayer," printed in 1827 and also 1834. 
The 1842 edition was printed by Whitley and 
Booth, Halifax, in 177 pages, and in 1845 an- 
other edition was issued in 108 pages. 

The REV. WM. KNIGHT, M.A., Hull, 



writer of his father's memoir, issued Jso a 
Sermon on the Death of H. T. Skelton. 1858, 
octavo, and probably other works. 



LVIII. REV. J. COCKIN, and his Son. 

In 1829, Joseph Cockin's Memoirs, a large 
volume of viii. and 248 pages, was printed by 
John Vint, Idle, for the author the Rev. John 
Cockin. An engraved portrait of the Rev. 
Joseph Cookin, drawn by Woodman, 18C8, 
serves as a frontispiece, but a much more 
characteristic one, drawn by T. Blood, is 
given in the second edition (1841) of the 

Memoirs of the 
REV. JOSEPH COCKIN, 

Late Minister of the Gospel at Halifax, in- 
cluding accounts of some of his friends; writ- 
ten partly by himself and continued by his 
son, John Cockin. 

To which is added an Appendix. Idle, print- 
ed for the author, 1829. Sold by Birtwhistle, 
Halifax; Baines and Heaton, Leeds; Moore, 
Huddersfield; Stanfield, Wakefield. This book 
is of great historical value, locally; the earlier 
portion being autobiographical, addressed to 
his only son, a congregational 'minister like 
himself, but not so widely celebrated. Joseph 
Cookin was a clothier's son at Honley, where 
he was born March 12th, 1755. He was the 
third of seven sons. He gives an account of 
the deplorable condition of village life, social- 
ly, educationally and religiously at the time 
when Wesley, Whitfield, and the Moravians 
were evangelizing West Yorkshire, and the 
persecution he received, keenest of pJl from 
his father, for associating with the new reli- 
gionists; and hie mother had secretly to facil- 
itate his opportunities to change his clothes 
after work-hours that he could go the four 
miles to Huddersfield to hear the Rev. Henry 
Venn at the Parish Church. Eventually his 
father turned him out of the home. He found 
a friend and master in William Soholfield, of 
Lockwood, who became an esteemed deacon 
at Huddersfield Independent Chapel after Mr. 
Venn removed. After a year's time Cockin's 
father insisted on his returning home, and 
the youth joined others in establishing cottage 
services. At seventeen he got work in Hud- 
dersfield, and in a few months was picked for 
militia, probably a piece of trickery, for he 
was under age. He was sent to Leeds, But 
managed to get to services at White Chapel. 
Mr. Edwards, the minister, secured his re- 
lease from the militia, and recommended him 
as a student to the Rev. James Scott, Heck- 
mondwike Independent Academy. Three 
others of the Lookwood religious youths en- 
tered the same institute art Heckmondwike and 
became useful ministers, Charles Crowe (Nor- 



86 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



folk), Samuel Bottomley (Scarborcmgh), and 
George Gill (Swaziland asid Market Har- 
borough). On leaving the Academy Mr. 
Cockin became minister at Kipping Chapel, 
nea|r Bradford, receiving the best possible 
testimonial from his tutor, the- Rv. James 
Scott. This letter, written in 1777, is amongst 
my literary treasures. He had been three 
years art Heokmondwike. He had scarcely got 
the Kipping society into flourishing condition 
when he became a second Oliver Hey wood in 
a limited area as missioner. In 1790 and 1791 
the Rev. r .\ itus Knight, founder of Square 
Chapel, Halifax, had paralytic strokes, and 
Mr. Cockin, who had received several invita- 
tions from influential congregations and re- 
fused, was induced to accept Halifax at the 
end of 1791. From the death of his wife (Feb. 
18, 1826, aged 70), Mr. Cockin's health declined 
rapidly, amd he 'died May 23rd, 1828, leaving 
a son and four daughters; the Rev. John 
Barling having succeeded at Square Chapel. 

The volume closes with "An Address at the 
Funeral of the Eev. Robert Galland," "A 
Memoir of the saime Holmfirth minister," "An 
Ordination Discourse," and an "Essay on 
Ministerial Usefulness." 

The second edition, with additions, is a 
smaller octa,vo, also printed by John Vint, at 
Idle, 1841. 

The pamphlets issued by the Rev. Joseph 
Cockin are nine in number : 

1.! Christlian Duties Recommended; a ser- 
mon at the Ordination of the Rev. Robert 
Simpson at Bolton, October 2, 1782. There is 
a copy in Halifax Free Library. 

2. Discourse at the Ordination of the Rev. 
Samuel Wydown at York, c". 1796. 

3. God's Declared Designs, a motive to Hu- 
man Endeavours; a sermon preached before 
the Missionary Society, May 9, 1798. 

4. A charge at the Ordination of the Rev. 
Charles Dewhirst, May 28, 1801. 

5. Submission under Trying Dispensations; 
a sermon on the death of Mrs. P. Holden, of 
Halifax, preached August 24, 1802. 

6. The Loyal Subject; a, sermon preached at 
Halifax, October 25, 1809, on the celebration 
of George III.'s Jubilee, Halifax, 1809; there 
is a copy in Halifax Free Library. 

7. An Essay i n Ministerial Usefulness; read 
at a Meeting 01 Ministers afc Halifax, March 
211, 1810. 

8. The Oppressor Punished; a sermon 
preached at Halifax, January 13, 1814. 

9. A Speech delivered at Ossett, July 23, 
1815, at the Anniversary Meeting of the Sab- 
bath School Union. 

Number 8 is now before me The Oppressor 
Punished. A Sermon preached at the Square 
Chapel, Halifax, on the day appointed for 
Public Thanksgiving, January 13, 1814, by 
Joseph Cockin. Published at the request of 



the Congregation. Halifax, P. K. Holden; 
price 8d., 1814. We need not state that 
Bonaparte was the Oppressor referred to in 
this octavo tract of twenty pages, wherein a 
parallel is drawn between him and PhaJaoh 
of Red Sea fame. I have a copy of No. 7, An 
Etesay on Ministerial Usefulness, read at a 
lecture held at Halifax, March, 1810. Halifax, 
P. K. Holden, 1810, 16 pages, crown octavo. 
It is reprinted in the memoirs. 

THEi K^V. JOHN COCKIN, only son of 
the Rev. Joseph Cockin, was born at Thorn- 
ton in 1783, and was not only a resident at 
Halifax during his early life (1791, &c.), but 
on retiring from the Congregational ministry 
at Holmfirth he took up his abode once more 
at Halifax. He was a scholar under Mr. Bates 
(another ajuthor) at Halifax. The under- 
mentioned book further adds to his Halifax 
connection : 

REFLECTIONS AFTER READING, OR 
SKETCHES Biographical, Ecclesiastical and 

Historical, by JOHN COCKIN. 
H. Martin, printex, Upper George Yard, Hali- 
fax, 1843, pages vii., 459, octavo. 

There are twenty-four topics, mostly bio- 
graphical essays, one of which is local, namely 
Oliver Heywood, about 28 pages. John Cockin 
was apprenticed to Mr. Pye-Smith, of Shef- 
field, as a bookbinder, before he was trained 
at Idle Academy under the Rev. William 
Vint, and became minister at Holmfirth in 
1806, holding the post until 1849. He was not 
only popular at home, but was frequently in- 
vited to preach throughout the West Riding. 
He was somewhat deformed, "a little lame 
man with a corpulent body," but of a humor- 
ous disposition. He was not able to walk 
much or even to sit well on horse-back, in- 
deed, he is said to have fallen two hundred 
times from his horse, yet he never sustained 
serious injury. For some years, like his 
father, he annually visited London on preach- 
ing excursions. He was a well-read man, and 
fluent preacher. He died at Halifax October 
17, 1861, aged 78, but wae buried at Holmfirth. 

Mr. John Cockin was a great promoter of 
the West Riding Congregational Union. He 
was concerned in issuing the ''Second Circu- 
lar Letter," printed ait Leeds, 1833, eleven 
pages, but dated from Halifax, September. 
The "Third Circular Letter," printed by John 
Vint, Idle, 1834, twenty pages, is dated from 
Wakefield, September, 1834, and has a paper 
by Mr. Cockin on "Nonconformity to Ecclesi- 
astical Establishments." 

In the Bradford Free Library there are two 
pamphlets respecting the Rev. John Cockin, 
of Holmfirth; first, a Sermon on the Death of 
Mrs. Green, 1814, octajvo; and Letters to the 
Rev. John Cockin, 1814. See also Wm. Hat- 
ton's pamphlet in reply to John Cockin. Mr. 
John Cockin married Mary Bovingdon. of 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



87 



Amersham. -vho was of Huguenot descent, and 
they had two sons to reach maturity. One of 
these. Mr. Joseph Coekin, was born at Holm- 
firth, March, 1818, and was educated at Wil- 
liamsons's Academy, Cleckheaton, with the 
three famous Crossley brothers, of Halifax, as 
fellow-pupils. He was a great reformer of 
land-laws, and published a pamphlet and many 
letters on the subject, which do not come with- 
in our scope, for he never lived in Halifax. 
Ho had been a soldier at Woolwich, but lived 
most of his life at Bradford. A son of his 
dio.l just as he was beginning a missionary's 
life. 



1.1X. SQUARE CHAFEIL MINISTERS. 

1 : viiig taken notice of the Eevs. Titue 
Knight) and Joseph Coriin, the first and second 
minsters of Square Chapel, 1763 to 1828, (in- 
eluding the first nine years at Cliapel Fold, 
Gnol Lane,) we will group together biblio- 
graphical notices of their successors. 

In 1827 the REV. JOHN BAWLING, from 
Ho:.'ti>n Ajcademy, beciame taissistant to Mr. 
Co?' in, an-i next year took the sole charge. 
"Ho was a man of much talent and virtue, 
but having ultimately adopted Unitarian 
sentiments, he relinquished Square Chapel in 
1833, and went to Bristol, but returned short. y 
afterwards to Halifax and attended Harrison 
Road Chapel. I have a pamphlet, demy octavo, 
of vi. and 50 pages, printed by Edward Baines 
and Son, Leeds, in 1827, as under: 
THE CHARGE ADDRESSED TO THE REV. 

JOHN BARLING, 

at his Ordination over the Independent Church 
Assembling in the Square Chapel, Halifax. 
By Richard Winter Hapailton. Published at 
the request of the pastor and the people. In 
the Halifax Free Library there are three 
works by Mr. Barling: 

(1). ''A. Review of Trinitarianism," octavo, 
London, 1647; 

(2). "Common Doctrines of the Atonement," 
being Two Lectures in the Unitarian Chapel, 
Halifax, March llth, and April 1st, 1849, Lon- 
don, 1849; 

(3.) "Leaves from my writing desk, being 
Tracts on the Question What do we know?" 
by an Old Student. [Rev. J. Barling.] 

In Bradford Free Library there is an octavo 
pamphlet dated 1856 by him, being a "Lecture 
on behalf of the National Sunday League." 
About 1854-6 he was ministering at the North- 
gate-end Chapel (Unitarian), Halifax. For 
some time he lived at Wakefield, and lastly 
at Leeds where he died in 1882, but was buried 
at Halifax. 

In 1834 the REV. ALEXANDER EWINQ, 
M.A., succeeded Mr. Barling, but on his ac- 



cession Several of the members withdrew and 
formed a new congregation in Harrison Road. 
In 1839 he published a volume of discourses 
on Socinianism. In 1846 he removed to GOB- 
port, and two years later was succeeded by 
the REV. JSNOOH MELLOR, M.A., who waa 
minister from 1848 to 1861, and returned from 
his Liverpool charge in 1867. Amongst hia 
publications are the following: 

(1.) "The Atonement, its relation to pardon : 
Am. argument and a Defence," by the Rev. E. 
Mellor, M.A. Leeds, W. Slade, 1859, small 
octavo, pages iii., amd 107. 

The Argument was delivered to the West 
Riding Congregational Union in 1858, and the 
Defence was added in reply to the Rev. T. 
Hincfcs, B.A., Unitarian Minister, of Leeds, 
who had published three discourses controvert- 
ing Mr. Mellor's address. 

(2.) "Kituatlism and its Related Dogmas," is 
a crown octavo volume, published at 4s. Its 
topics are, The Christian Ministry not a 
priesthood and not an Apostolic Succession, 
Baptism not Regeneration, the Lord's Table 
not an Altar, Auricular Confession and Priestly 
Absolution. 

(3.) "Personal Consecration. The Inaugural 
Address delivered before the Autumnal As- 
sembly of the Congregational Union of Eng- 
land and Wales, Liverpool, October 13, 1863," 
by ivnoch Mellor, M.A., Minister of Great 
George Street Chaipel, Liverpool. London, 
1863, 30 pages, crown octavo. 

(4.) "Not your Own," by the Rev. E. Mellor, 
M.A., a sermon preached on behalf of the 
London Missionary Society, in Surrey Chapel, 
May 12, 1858. Second edition, August, 1858, 40 
pages, no publisher's or printer's name. 

(5.) "Breakers Ahead! Two Letters to the 
Bishop of Ripon, by the Rev. E. Mellor, A.M., 
D.D., Halifax." Price 2d. Printed by Theak- 
st-ou, Scarborough, demy 8vo., 16 pages, 3rd 
edition, 24th thousand, 1873. 

(6.) "Stata Churchism. Lectures and Letters 
on the above subject, by the Rev. J. W. 
Madsingham, M.A., Warrington, and the Kcv. 
Enoch Mellor, M.A., Liverpool. Edited by 
the Rev. Etooch Mellor, A.M." Huddersfield, 
G Whitehead, 1886, 112 pages, demy octavo. 
A Liberation Society meeting was held in 
Huddersfield, at which Mr. Mellor was one of 
three speakers, and Mr. Massingham, the 
Church Defence Agent, afterwards gave a re- 
ply in Huddersfield. This was followed by Mr. 
Mellor's reply. A second reply came from Mr. 
Massingham, and the pamphlet represents the 
whole discussion. Th'e version published by 
the Huddersfield Church Institute had been 
issued before Mr. Mellor's pamphlet, namely 

The Liberation Society: 

Three Lectures delivered in the Philosophical 
Hall, Huddersfield: 



88 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



(1.) February 20, 1866, by Mr. Massingham. 
(2.) March 20, 1866, by Mr. Melior. 
(3.) by Mr. Maesingham. 

Huddersfield, George Harper, (1866), 85 pages, 
demy octavo. 

(7.) "Clerical Subscription, in reply to Lec- 
tures on the Eevision of the Liturgy, by the 
Kev. C. J. Vaughan, D.D.," London, 1862. 

(8.) "Verbatim Eeport of a Sermon on the 
Moral Lessons of Muller's Life." Liverpool, 
1864. A copy is m Halifax Free Library. 

(9.) "Priesthood in the Light of the New 
Testo.ment," 3rd edition, crown 8vo., also 
demy 8vo. 

(1C.) "Living Trees by Living Waters," a 
tract, 1856. 

(11.) "Why Meddle?" 

(12.) "Priesthood," 1875. 

(13.) "The Hem of Christ's garment, and other 
sermons/' 1882. 

(14.) "'Sermon on the Death of Sir Francis 
Crossley," pamphlet, 1872. 

(15.) "Life and Character of Enoch Mellor, 
D.D." The nett proceeds to be devoted to Dr. 
Mellor's Memorial Wing ait Bang 1 Bank, Hali- 
fax. Deighton Brothers, 14 pages, crown 8vo., 
woodcut of the new Square Church. This is a 
'paper' read to the Young Men's Society by 
Abra'ham Nicholl, from which we learn that 
Enoch Mellor was born ajt Salendini? Nook, 
near Huddersfield, November 20th, 1823, and 
was the son of a woollen manufacturer. Mr. 
Wright Mellor, J.P., ex-mayor of Hudders- 
field, was Enoch's brother. From Hudders- 
field College he went to Edinburgh University, 
and made marked progress under Sir Williom 
Hamilton particularly. After five years there. 
he entered the Independent College, Manches- 
ter, for two years, and came to Halifax in 
148. The honorary D.D. from Edinburgh was 
granted to him in 1870. He died October 26th, 
Iboi. 

"The Christian Standard Bearer. ' In 
Memoriam. riev. Enoch Mellor, D.D. A Ser- 
mon preached in Square Chapel, Halifax, on 
Sunday, October 30, 1681. by Rev. J. G. 
Rogers. B.A. London, octavo, 31 pages. 

A portrait of Dr. Mellor, "the greatest con- 
troversialist who ever resided in Halifax," ap- 
peared in the ''Sunday at Home," July, 1882. 
"The History of Balaam". (1869); "The Divine 
Culture of a Human Life" (1876), are two pub- 
lications issued by the REIV. WILLIAM 
ROBERTS, who occupied the pulpit of Square 
Church from 1862 to 1866. He had been train- 
ed at Hackney College, and catae from South- 
ampton to Halifax, after which he settled at 
Upper Holloway, and later at Salisbury. 

The KKV. ERIC ADA-MS LAWRENCE suc- 
ceeded at Square Church in 1881. He left 

Spring Hill College in 1876 for Birmingham 
(Steelhouse Lane Chapel.) He published a 



sixteen-mo pamphlet, London, 1891, on ''Whrt 
is a Christian Church? and why should 1 join 
oner ' A second edition was issued soon after- 
wards. He has also published "The Distn;<- 
tive Witness of Congregationalism, an addre: :; 
delivered from the chair of the Yorkshhe 
Congregational Union, April 6, 1897." (Print- 
ed also in the usual Year Book.) 

''The Glory of the Throne, a sermon preach- 
ed in Square Church, Halifax, in Commemorr.- 
tion of Her Majesty's Accession, June, 1897. " 
In 1905 he removed to St. Anne's. 

The REV. JOHN HENRY JOWETT, of 
Airedale College and Mansfield College, Oxford, 
M.A. of Jlkiinburgh, became minister at .New- 
castle in 1889, and removed to Birmingham in 
1895. Hie has published several religious 
works, and is a prolific writer to numerous 
magazines. He entered the ministry from 
Square Chapel. 

"The History of Square Road Congregational 
Church, Halifax. A paper by G. P. Wadsworth. 
Reprinted from the "Halifax Courier," Dec- 
ember, 1889;" thirty pages octavo, includes a 
zinoograph view of the new church; printed 
by Womersley, Halifax. 

"S.S.S. Square Sunday School. A Short 
History compiled by George Priestley Wads- 
worth. Issued in connection with the Re- 
Union of Old Scholars, March 14, 1903." Re- 
print of plate of the "Independent Chapel in 
Halifax," and 23 pages octavo. The Mixenden 
School is referred to as existing before Robert 
Ra.ikes established his school in Bristol; which, 
as in the ease at Gildersoine, ought to be 
further investigated. In 1784 three years after 
Raikes* establishment, the "Leeds Intelligen- 
cer," August 3rd, states there were six hun- 
dred children in attendance from probably 
twenty schools. In 1802 the schools had 
dwindled away, and in 1804 Square School was 
established. In 1820 the Halifax Sunday 
School Union was started, and in 1831 their 
first Sunday School Jubilee was held. The 
Square School had Branches at Caddy Field 
and Highroad Well, besides giving aid to the 
Schools at Norv.-ood Green a/nd Bramley Lane 
in 1833. The second "Jubilee" was held" in 
1836, when 1600 teachers and scholars were pre- 
sent. These gatherings were held ;n the Piece 
Hall. In 1841 Square Sunday School wne 
built, and a Da.y-'School established under Mr. 
Jennings. The pamphlet gives interesting re- 
cords for each year down to 1903. It was 
printed by Womersley, Northgate. 

The congregation at Square Chapel have 
kept up the home-missionary spirit, by suc- 
couring weak causos at Range Bank and Union 
Croft. The ministers at Range Bank have in- 
cluded the Revs. John Hopkins, B. Bond, 
Chas. Illingworth, Wm. AduTns, George Lock 
(1872-1880), who removed to Fordingbridge in 
Hants., Samuel Knowles (1891-7), now of Bee- 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



ford, near Driffield, but none of them, so far 
as I know, has issued any publication. 

Samuel Greenwood Jowett was for six years 
a town missionary in Halifax, and became Con- 
gregational Minister at Windhill in 1883. He 
removed to Kirkbymoorside in 1892, and to 
South Cave in 1901. He is a native of Hull. 
His only separate publications are "A Mem- 
orial Sermon preached in Windhill Independent 
Chapel, by S. G. Jowett, on Sunday, March 
6, 1881." Bradford, J. M. Jowett, printer, 
18811, ten pages, octavo, and a broad sheet of 
verses on the Windhill Sunday School. 
UMiON CROFT, QUEENSBURY. 

Queensbxiry is a modern name, and the 
village itiself is not much older than the name, 
though there has been a well-known scattered, 
desolate hamlet there for a long period, named 
Queenshead after the public-house where 
carters and travellers were accustomed to 
rest on their toilsome journeys over the moun- 
tainous region. The public-house sign bore 
the picture of Queen Anne's head. I believe, 
and the name of the village was changed in 
1863. We shall havte our earliest literary 
notice of the locality in writing of the General 
Baptist Chapel, which was built here in 1773. 
when the Rev. Dan Taylor's brother became 
the minister, see ''Memoirs of the Rev. John 
Taylor, late Pastor of the General Baptist 
Church at Queenshead, near Halifax," 1821. 

Before the erection of the Baptist Chapel 
the then scattered inhabitants had no place 
of worship for nonconformists nearer than 
Thornton. The Methodist New Connexionists 
erected a chapel at Ambler Thorn, and in 
1842 the Union Croft chapel was built, chiefly 
by a number of secedens from the New Con- 
nexion, on the expulsion of Joseph Barker, 
at the Halifax Conference in 1841, because of 
certain publications he had issued. The 
Rev. William Trotter, afterwards a welcome 
preacher and orator at the Barkerite Chapel 
on Rastrick Common, and many years after- 
wards at the Brethren's Meeting Rooms at 
Slead Syke and Brighouse, left the Connexion 
because he thought Mr. Ba,rker had been 
harshly treated. Mr. Joseph Barker preached 
at the opening of Union Croft Chapel, but 
soon afterwards became an avowed unbeliever 
and political agitator, so never preached again 
at Union Croft. He published numeroiiB 
works at Wortley, near Leeds (where he had 
a printing pre^s.) at Newoastle-on-Tyne, and 
in America. He first emigrated there in 1851, 
and after some years and many mental con- 
flicts he returned, and became an evangelist, 
preaching chiefly amongst the Primitive 
Methodists, .ne died at Omaha, Nebraska 
(U.S.A.), September 15, 1875. "The Life of 
Joseph Barker, written by himself/' was is- 
sued in 1880, and a most interesting volume it 
is. Union Croft Chapel has been "Independ- 



ent" from the first, and the congregation has 
never been decidedly anxious to appoint per- 
manent settled ministers. They officially style 
their community the Union Croft Congrega- 
tional Church, but for many years it was 
partially succoured by the congregation at 
Square Chapel, Halifax. The first settled 
minister was appointed from July 1st, 1855, 
by assistance from the West Riding Congrega- 
tional Society, when the Rev. John William 
Rolls, who left Cotton End Academy in 1842, 
came here from Kirby Moorside. The debts 
of =200 on the chapel and .300 on a minister's 
house newly erected were cleared off. Mr. 
Rolls' wife is buried at Union Croft. He re- 
moved in 1860 to Roxton, Bedfordshire, and 
some years later retired to Croydon. His lab- 
ours at Union Croft ceased in October, 1859. 

The Kev. John Marples succeeded at TJnion 
Croft in July, 1860. He had been previously 
at Sheffield and West Burton, and left Union 
Croft in Amgust, 1863, to minister at Darlas- 
ton in Staffordshire. For some time lay 
preachers and Airedale Students filled the pul- 
pit, the chief burden resting on the deacons 
of Sqxiare Chapel, who finally arranged to 
couple it with their branch congregation at 
Range Bank. 

In 1868 the Rev. Charles Illingworth, a 
native of Idle, and author of a prize essay 
(never printed) on "Working Men and the 
Sabbath," became minister of Range Bank and 
Union Oroft. He had been a town missionary 
some years, and had held the Wyke pastorate 
from 1853. After twa yearns he left Union 
Croft and Range Bank to take charge of 
James Parson's famous chapel, Lendal, York, 
1870. After retiring from York he had charge 
of Ravenstonedale Chapel. 1887-97. There he 
die- , but is buried at the Upper Chapel, Idle. 

The j-^ev. William Adams, from Peter- 
borough, was the next minister ait Union Croft, 
but he removed to Luddenden Foot about two 
years later, and the Rev. Hugh Kelso, who 
came from Market Weighton in 1873, was the 
nefc% He had been previously minister at 
Donaghy Independent Chapel, County Tyrone. 
In mid-life he was enabled to retire from busi- 
ness at Stewartstown on a competency, and 
he gave his labours to village preaching dur- 
ing the Irish Revivail. For some time he 
studied at Belfast, and he returned to Don- 
aghy, the cause he had established, and re- 
mained there eleven years. He left Union 
Croft in 1873 owing to failing heajth and 
died at Holywood (Belfast, the rival of Hall- 
fax and the Scotch Holywood as the birthplace 
of John de Saoro Bosco.) January 15, 1878. 

The Rev. John Hartley was minister at 
Union Croft from 1893 to 1896, and then left 
to take charge of a church in the United 
States of America. There has been no suc- 
cessor up to the present. 



90 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



LX. SIGN CHAPEL MINISTERS, 
HALIFAX. 

Sion Chapel had been built by the friends 
of Dajvid Barraclough, who removed to Stain- 
land. They were seceders from the Weeleyan 
Methodists. The followers of Joanna South- 
<;ott next occupied the place, but on their de- 
cline in 1815, a section of the members of 
Square Chapel, by mutual arrangement, began 
a second Independent cause in Halifax, and 
engaged the building for two years. In 1816 
the chapel was purchased, and re-arranged, 
and the REV. EDWARD PARSONS, junior, 
of Homerton College, was invited in 1817 to 
the pastorate. He was ordained in 1818, and a 
new chapel was luilt in 1819. In 1826 he re- 
moved to Weigh House Chapel, London, but 
only remained there two years, and then re- 
turned to Leeds, where he was editor of the 
"Leeds Times." He afterwards became minis- 
ter at Bow and Mile-End, London, and died 
in December, 1844. He was the son of the Rev. 
Edward Parsons, of Leeds, an author and 
minister of great repute, who died in the Isle 
of Man in 1833. The Rev. James Parsons, of 
York, was brother of the Halifax minister. 

The publications of Edward Parsons, junior, 
or relating to him, are: 

(1.) SERVICES 

At the Ordination of the 
REV. EDWARD PARSONS, Junior, 

At Halifax, April 8, 1818. 

The Introductory Discourse, Rev. J. Reynolds. 
The Charge to the Ministere, Rev. E. Parsons. 
The Sermon to the People, Rev. W. Roby. 
Halifax. P. K. Holdien, Old Market Place, 
1818, demy octa<vo, pages iii., 82. 

The Revs. R. W. Hamilton, W. Vint, T, 
Hawkins, and S. Bell also officiated. 

(2.) Maxims for the Members of a Christian 
Church. 1818. 

(3.) Selection of Hymns designed as a Sup- 
plement to Dr. Watts' Book. Halifax, 1819. 
Third edition, 1828. 

Halifax Selection of Hymns intended as a 
Supplement to Dr. Watts' Psalms and Hymns. 
Halifax, 1831. (See Rev. Robert Bell's edition.) 

(4.) A Sermon on the Death of George III., 
delivered February 16, 1820. Halifax, Holden, 
Old Market Place, 1820, 8vo., 35 pages. 

(5.) Remarks on the Doctrine of Predestina- 
tion. Halifax, 1821. A copy is in the Halifax 
Free Library; I have copies of the rest, and of 
this as Appendix to No. 7 below. 

(6.) History of St. Bartholomew's Day. 
Halifax, 1834. 

(7.) Justification by Faith and Works illus- 
trated. A Discourse with copious Notes and 
References; by Edward Parsons, junior. 
Halifax, T. Walker, 1821, demy octavo, 60 
pages with Appendix, containing Remarks on 
Predestination, &c., 12 pages, in which he re- 
fers to a sermon preached in Halifax, and 



published by its author, Abraham Scott, 
V.D.M. (Verb. Dei Min., Minister of the Word 
of God.) 

(8.) Laws and Regulations of the Church of 
Christ assembling in Sion Chapel, Halifax, 
agreed to at a Church Meeting held August 
llth, 1825. 

I have a demy octavo pamphlet that may be 
mentioned in connection with Mr. Parsons' 
"Justification, &c.,'' namely, "The Doctrines 
called Calvinistic, stated and illustrated, in 
answer to the Rev. Edward Parsons. By 
oraham Scott. Printed for the author, 1821, 
Newcastle, 55 pages. 

Mr. Parsons on returning to Leeds, besides 
editing the "Leeds Times." published a His- 
tory of Leeds, Bradford, Halifax, &c., in the 
West Riding," in two demy octavo volumes, 
1834. 

The Evangelical Magazine for February, 
1821, announced his intention of publishing 
a History of Nonconformity in the West Rid- 
ing of Yorkshire, but this was never issued. 
His History of Leeds, Halifax &c., gives frag- 
ments. Portraits of the following Halifax 
ministers may be found in the "Evangelical 
Magazine" : Titus Knight (1793), Joseph 
Cockin (1794 and 1829), John Cockin (1810), 
Edward Parsons, junior, (1826), James Pridie 
(1843). 

The REV. JAMEIS PRIDIE, from Pendleton, 
Manchester, succeed to the pastorate at Sion, 
Halifax, in 1829, and resigned in 1858. From 
1855 he had as a co-pastor his successor. I 
am not aware of any publications by him, 
nor by his successor the REV. CHARLES 
SMITH STURROCK, B.A., of Spring Hill 
College, who was ordained in January, 1856, 
resigned in March, 1862, and died in 1864. He 
was born at Leith in 1828. In 1863 he was 
minister at Leamington, but his health further 
declined, and in March, 1864 he died and was 
interred at Edinburgh. 

In May, 1863, the REV. BRYAN DALE, 
M.A., of Western College and London Uni- 
versity, removed from Coggeshall Congrega- 
tional Church, Essex, to Halifax. For eome 
years he has resided in Bradford and actively 
served the denomination as Secretary to the 
Yorkshire Congregational Union, having for 
many years edited the Yorkshire Congrega- 
tional Year Book. Before coming to Halifax 
he published the History of the Congregational 
Church at Coggeshall, and no one is his equal 
in ability to write the greatly-desired Congre- 
gational History of Yorkshire. Sections, prov- 
ing the truth of this assertion, have already 
appeared as under: 

(1.) "Jubilee Memorial of Sion Chapel and 
Schools (Halifax), together with an introduc- 
tory sketch of the Rise and Progress of Evan- 
gelical Nonconformity in the Parish of Hali- 
fax; by Bryan DaJe, M.A.." Halifax, Simpson 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



91 



and Tiffany, Crossley Street,' 1867; demy oc- 
tavo, 104 pages. From this book we learn that 
from Sion there have entered the ministry: 
John Holker (of Clayton West, 1825, Peniston 
1830; Clayton West again, 1835-1847); John 
Denniston (of Wakefield, 1840, Knottingley 
1845, died 1859, aged 59); Joseph Gaukroger 
(born at Halifax in 1822, ministered at Gain- 
ford and Appleton Wiske, became 
school-master at Northowram, and died 
November 27, 1866, and some verses by him 
may be eeen in Mr. Dale's book); John Hodg- 
son, (of Lancashire College in 1843, minister 
at Oldham); Charles Hargreaves, (Airedale 
College, to South Creake in Norfolk, in 1846); 
Thomas Hartley (to Sedbergh in 1864); John 
Naylor, B.A., a Missionary to Calcutta, but 
settled at Kenilworth); H. W. Holder, M.A., 
W. H. Brearley, A. F. Bulmer, and F. Eilson. 
Probably some of these have issued books or 
pamphlets. 

(2.) "Lord Wharton and his Bible Charity," 
by Bryan Dale, M.A., Bradford, [1897.] 36 
pages, demy octavo. 

(3.) "The Good Lord Wharton: His Family 
Life, and Bible Charity." By Bryan Dale, 
M.A. London. 1901, demy octavo, pages iv., 
140, with frontispiece portrait of Philip, Lord 
Wharton. 

In these hooks we have clearly proved to us 
the neglect and want of concentrated force in 
old Independency in allowing this valuable 
nonconformist charity to drift completely out 
of their hands. Lady Hewley'e charity is a 
similar Yorkshire instance. 

(4.) ''Bramhope Chapel," by Rev. Bryan 
Dale, M.A. Bradford, 1898, 12 pages, demy 
octavo, with three plates inserted. 

(5.) "The Original Home of the Pilgrim 
Fathers," by Bryan Dale, M.A Bradford, 
1901, 277 pages demy octavo, with two plates 
inserted. 

(6.) "Historical Sketch of Early Noncon- 
formity in the City of York," by Bryan Dale, 
M.A. York, [1904,] octavo, 29 pages. 

(7.) "A History of Congregationalism in 
Flockton, Yorkshire," by Bryan Dale, M.A. 
Leeds, [1902,] 23 pages, crown octavo. 

(8.) Christmas and New Year Greetings; 
leaflets in poetry issued several years. 

(9.) "John Wiclif, the Evangelical Doctor 
and Morning Star of the Reformation"; Hali- 
fax. 188 1. 

(iJ.) "The Dark Valley, a Sermon on the oc- 
casion of the Decease of John Baldwin, Esq., 
J.P., Clay House, preached in Sion Chapel, 
Halifax, August 1st, 1869." 

Other Sermons, Papers and Books by Mr. 
Dale, are as under: 

(11.) Labor; or the Religion of Daily Life. A 
Sermon. Coggeshall, 1856. 

(12.) Manly Principles for Young Men; illus- 
trated in the Life and Death of Thomas 



HawKes, martyred in Coggeahall June 10th 
1555. 1857. 

(13.) Boaz and the Reapers. A Harvest Ser- 
mon. Coggeshall, 1860. 

(14.) The Public Charities of Coggeshall, 1861. 

(15.) The Celebration of the Bicentenary of the 
Ejected Nonconformist Ministers in Essex, 1862. 

(16.) The Annals of Coggeshall, otherwise 
Sunnedon, Essex. J. B. Smith, London, 1863. 

(17.) The State of the Continent in relation 
to Religious Liberty and Christian Effort. 
Paper before the Congregational Union at 
Manchester, 1867. 

(18.) Manuals of the Church and Congregation 
assembling in Sion Chapel, Halifax, 1864-1886. 

(19.) Sion Penny Magazine, 1871-2. 

(20.) Popular Primary Education. Address at 
a Conference of the West Riding Congregation- 
al Union at Bradford, April 7, 1868. 

(21.) A New Catechism for use in Families 
and Schools. Halifax, 1871. 

(22.) Address from the Chair of the West 
Riding Congregational Union at Sheffield. 
April 8, 1872. 

(23.) Catalogue of the Library of the Halifax 
Literary and Philosophical Society ( a volume 
done almost entirely by himself, when Presi- 
dent, 1873-4.) 

(24.) The Church Aid Society. Address at the 
Jubilee of the Congregational Union at Man- 
chester, 1881. 

v-o.) The Census in relation to Church Wor- 
ship and Work. Paper before the Yorkshire 
Congregational Union at Hull, 1882. 

(26.) Attendance on Public Worship. Paper 
before the Church Aid and Home Missionary 
Society, July 5, 1882. 

(27.) John Wiclif, the Evangelic Doctor and 
Morning Star of the Reformation. Address to 
Congregational Union on the Wiclif Quincen- 
tenary Celebration, 1884. 

(28.) "And Samuel died." A Funeral Sermon 
for Mr. Samuel Roberts. Halifax, 1885. 
Disestablishment Address at the Drill Hall, 
Halifax, 19 November, 1885. 

(29.) The Testimony and Sufferings of Non- 
conformity in the Reign of Elizabeth. Lecture. 
Congregational Union, 1888. 

(30.) The Pulpit Commentary; I. Samuel 
(1880), II. Samuel (1838); 325 Homilies on 
Samuel, Saul and David. 

(31.) The Yorkshire Congregational Year Book. 
Edited with Reports, Obituaries and Articles 
on Congregational History; 1886-1904. 

(32.) Annals of Evangelical Nonconformity in 
the Parish of Halifax, in the Halifax and Dis- 
trict Congregational Magazine, 1883-7; 39 
Articles. 

(33.|) Bicentenary of Nonconformity in t'he 
village of Newton in Bowland, Yorkshire, 1896. 

(34.) Papers in the Bradford Antiquary : 
1. Shibden Dale and Sir Thomas Browne's 
Religio Medici. 2. Cromwell in Yorkshire. 3. 



92 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



IN on-Paroohial Registers in Yorkshire. 4. 
James Nayler "The Mad Quaker." 5. Minis- 
ters in Parish Churches and Chapels during 
the Puritan Revolution. 6. Ditto in Bradford. 
7. Ditto Round about Bradford. 

(3o.) The Pilgrims of the Umbria; being a 
Rhyme of their visit to Boston at the Congre- 
gational International Conference, 1899. 

(36.) The History of the Halifax Permanent 
Benefit Building Society. London, 1903. 

(37.) Old Church Roll (Hull), from "York- 
shire County Magazine," reprint. Besides ser- 
mons and articles in Magazines and various 
Poems. 

The REV. ARCHIBALD JOHNSTONS, of 
Springhill College, removed from Sion Chapel 
to Richmond, in Surrey, 1901. 

The REV. GEORGE JOHN WILLIAMS, of 
Hackney College, became minister of Sion in 
1902. 



LXI. SOME MORE CONGREGATIONAL 
MINISTERS, HALIFAX. 



OLD HARRISON ROAD : 

A Study of Origins, 
By Thomas Key worth, 

Author of "The Narosborough Victory/' Al- 
lan Dunstam," "A Long Delay," "Granny's 
Boy," "Comrades Once." Halifax, Mortimer, 
1894, small octavo, 64 pages, with woodcut 
frontispiece of the chapel. 

This book is based largely on a manuscript 
written by the Rev. J. Comper Gray in 1866. 
Amongst the earliest founders of this branch- 
split from Square Chapel were Mr. Ely Bates, 
J.P., who married Hannah, daughter of the 
Rev. Joseph Cockin; Mr. James Hoateon, who 
married her sister Martha; Mr. William 
Birtwhistle, bookseller in Northgate, who died 
July 25, 1862, aged 73; Mr. Joseph Cockin 
Hoatson, son of James, whose name will occur 
witK the Rev. Robert Bell as editors of a Hali- 
fax Hymn Book, died 1863; Miary Cockin 
(daughter of the Rev. Joseph Cockin), who 
died July 2, 1862, aged 76; William Birtwhistle, 
woolsorter, choir master and composer, who 
died February 18, 1866, aged 57, having 
published a musical rendering of " Lead 
Kindly Light"; Joseph Priestley, saddler, who 
entered Airedale College and became minister 
at Smallbridge, near Rochdale, removing to 
Birmingham; Framcis TJllathorne Gledhill, 
schoolmaster, who went to New Zealand in 
1851, -and died tiiere about 1883. aged 80, a 
prominent man in the House of Representa- 
tives; and others, but how far authors we 
have to discover. The Chapel was opened 
July 19. 1837, by Dr. R. W. Hamilton, of Leerte, 
who had laid the foundation stone. The REV. 
JOHN MEL.3ON OBERY, M.A.. was the first 
minister, June, 1838, to November, 1849, when 



he removed to Woodford, Essex. He died at 
Kensington, April 18, 1858, aged 45. Three 
young men joined the ministry during his time 
from Harrison Road, Joseph Priestley, George 
Hoatson, who entered Rotherham College in 
1845, died in Victoria, Australia, 1894, James 
Leonard, B.A., only a casual Halifax resident. 
Mr. Samuel Smith, afterwards of Bradford, 
who published the well-known Chant Book, 
ajttd Tune Book, attended Harrison Road. At 
this point Mr. Keyworth's book comes to a 
close. 

Mr. Obery was a native of Walsall, born 
1813, and his training and personal qualifica- 
tions were of the highest character, being a 
refined and elegant scholar with clear and 
powerful utterance. I have no pamphlet of 
his. He had been educated at Highbury Col- 
lege, 1833, Glasgow University. 1835. He re- 
move'! to Woodford in Essex, and died in 
April, 1858. He was buried at Brompton. 

The REV. PETER RUSSELL WILLANS, 

born at Leeds, Aiugust 24, 1824, succeeded to 
the pulpit in May, 1850, but his health gave 
way in 1855. and he died at York, July 25, 
1863, aged 38. I have a book he edited: The 
States System of Europe, being a couree of 
Lectures exposing Modern Functionaryism and 
Diplomacy, by Dr. R. Solger. Edited by Kev. 
P. R. Willans. Halifax, T. and W. Birt- 
whistle, Northgate, 1854; pp. xxiii., 124 octavo. 

The REV. JOHN CLUNIE> MaMICHAEL, of 
Rotherham College, born at Bridgnorth in 
1817 settled at Farnworth 1847, Staleybridge in 
1853; came to Halifax from Staleybridge in 
January 1856, left for Geelong, Victoria, 
October, 1858, and retired to Norwood, near 
Adelaide. He died at Kapunda in February, 
1898. 

The REV. JAMES CO'MPER GRAY, of 
Rotherham College, settled at Halifax in 
January. 1859. In July, 1873, he removed to 
Arley Chapel, Bristol. He died in 1904 in 
South ^Africa. He was author of l ' The 
Class amd the Desk, a Manual for Sunday 
School Teachers"; 4 vols., 12mo., 1867. 

Topics for Teachers. 

The Biblical Museum. 

The Sunday School World. 

The Hive, or Storehouse, for Sunday- 
School Teachers. 

In March 1875, the REV. GEORGE SAMUEL 
S'MITH, from Airedale College, who removed 
in June. 1885, to Gosport. Mr. Smith will 
again be noticed under Sowerby Bridge. 

The REV. THOMAS KEYWORTH is the 
present minister. Besides the eix books men- 
tioned, he has issued four books: A. Treacher- 
ous Calm; Infra Dig; Temperance Tales; 
Dick the Newsboy; and four pamphlets: 
Liverpool Amusements; Christian Sailor Boy; 
Only Just Sober; Children, but Disciple?. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



93 



PARK CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 

The three congregational churches of the 
town of Halifax united to establish a fourth 
society in the f ark district in 1864, but it was 
1868 before the Church was erected, and open- 
ed in February, 1869. The first minister was 
the REV. JOHN BARTLETT, of New College, 
London, who came from Worcester in October, 
1870, and removed to Nottingham in Novem- 
ber, 1875 and London in 1883. Hie successor, 
the REV. JOHN RENSHAW BAILEY, came 
in June, 1878. He was a native of Cheshire, 
and eam to Halifax from Carlisle. He pub- 
lished, besides "Progressive Congregational- 
ism," 1892, "Old Fashioned Lines," 1896, 
several sermons including two or three funeral 
sermons. His pastorate terminated Ma^-ch, 
1893. The REV. F. HENRY BLANCHFORD 
was minister from April, 1894, to September, 
1898. He removed to Ilkley. He issued a 
pamphlet in 1893, the "Bicentenary of Kidder- 
minster Meeting House." 

The REV. ALLEN DENNIS JEFFERY be- 
came minister in June, 1900. Like many other 
churches a manual is now issued yearly. The 
one for 1904 has a woodcut of the cluirch on 
the title page. This year book is printed by 
F. King and Sons, Limited, Halifax. 

STANNAHY CHAPEL. 

This cause is an off-shoot from Sion Chapel, 
because of differences on the temperance ques- 
tion. 

The ministers have been : the REV. GEORGE 
THOMPSON, 1671 to 1880. He was educated 
at Rotherham College; ministered at Dundee. 
1865, Mexborough, 1867. He removed to City 
Road in 1880, Eastbourne, 1891, where he still 
resides. The REV. KEITH WALDEN was at 
Stannary from 1831 to 1893, and the REV. 
THOMAS MAINE (who was educated at Raw- 
don College), 1895 to 1902; he had previously 
been at Ashby-de-la-Zouch, 1891, and is now 
in Leeds. He was succeeded by the REV. 
ALBERT BAGE in 1903, who had previously 
been the Primitive Methodist Minister at 
Shipley. 

HEATH CHAPEL. 

The Rev. Robert Harley, M.A., F.R.S., who 
was for a short time at Heath, May, 1892, to 
May, 1895, will be referred to under Brighouse. 
The Rev. George Ward SiddaJl, from Western 
College, who had been at Teignmouth from 
1888 and in Newfoundland in 1891, came to 
Heath, 1896, July, and left in March, 1904. 

Mr. Sykes, of Hornsea, a native of Hudders- 
field, succeeded in 1905. 



LXIL NORTHGATE CHlAPEL, HALIFAX. 



Nonconformity here had its origin in die 
Puritanism of Dr. Favour and his Lecturers 
at the Parish Church Mr. Boys, Mr. Bar- 
low, and later Mr. Eli Bentley. Mr. Robert 
Booth, Mr. John Wayte, all of whom have 
been previously noted, and a few others re- 
main to be noticed. William Aulbe, an as- 
sistant to Vicar Ramsden, 1631, and Mir. 
Cranidge, assistant to Mr. Wayte, were men 
of wide reputation, but I have not met with 
amy printed effusions by them. Michael 
Brieeoe was a famous minister about 1640 at 
the Halifax Monthly Exercises; and the puri- 
tnniam of Halifax parish is further evinced 
by the remarkably large number of ministers 
ejected in August, 1662, in this parish, or who 
were natives of the parish, or sought refuge 
in the parish, some of whom afterwards con- 
formed, and most of whom are elsewhere 
mentioned in these sketches : Oliver Hey- 
wood. Nathaniel Hey wood, Henry Root, Tim- 
othy Root, Samuel Margden, Gamaliel Mars- 
den, Jeremiah Marsden, Josiah Marsden, Eli 
Bent ley, Matthew Smith, John Robinson. 
William Ashley, Roger Kenion, Richard Coore, 
Robert Town (senior), Robert Town (junior), 
Jonathan Schofield, Joshua Whitton, Daniel 
Greenwood, John Peebles, Nicholas Cudworth, 
Josiah Holdeworth, Samuel Stancliffe, Edward 
Hill, Henry Wilkinson (senior), Robert Artni- 
tage. Henry Wilkinson (junior), Joseph Daw- 
son, and Joshua Ferrett. 

To these twenty-nine probably a few more 
may be discovered, such as the Rev. Edmund 
Hough, M-A., who afterwards conformed, 
married the widow of the Rev. Eli Bentley 
in 1679, and became Vicar of Halifax, as al- 
ready stated. Another list may be compiled 
of the natives of this parish and notably the 
sons of these ministers, who became the pulpit 
successors of the ejected ministers. Mr. Eli 
Bentley, as opportunity served, conducted 
meetings in the house of his brother Timothy 
in Halifax, and after the minister's death, 
August 2, 1675, the congregation met at Old 
Bank-top, with Oliver Heywood as the chief 
promoter until 1688, if not later, but in 1696 
the new chapel was opened in Northgate End, 
and Mr. Heywood having declined the over- 
sight, the REV. NATHANIEL PRIESTLEY 
was chosen. He had been ordained two years 
previously with Jonathan Wright, a native of 
Hipperholme, who established a society at 
Hove Edge, where he died long afterwards. 
Mr. Priestley married a daughter of John 
Breairdiffe, apothecary, a Halifax antiquarian 
author. Priestley was a man of excellent 
abilities, an universal scholar, having a good 
collection of books', so says the eccentric John 
Dunton. He was invited to Mill Hill, Leeds, 
but refused. He died September 5, 1728, and 



HAUFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



was buried in Halifax Church, his funeral 
sermon being preached (at Northgate Chapel) 
by Heywood's successor, the Rev. Thomas 
IHckenson. Most of the time he was at 
Northgate he had as a co-pastor on alternate 
Sundays, the REV. ELI DAWSON, of Horton, 
son of the Rev. Joseph Diawson, of Shilxlen, 
and he similarly assisted at Horton. Mr. 
Da(wson continued as sole pastor at Halifax 
from 1728 till hig death in 1744. 

In that year the REV. SAMUEL TIIREL- 
EJESLD, of Glasgow University, came from 
Penrith to Northgate. His wife was aunt to 
the mother of Wordsworth the poet, whose 
poem ''Lucy Gray" was founded on a Calder- 
vale incident. Mr. Threlkeld died in 1766; 
Mr. W. Rawson had married his daughter. 

Thomas Threlkeld, his son, born April 12th. 
1738, was five years of age when brought to 
Halifax. He was trained at Daventry ana 
Warringbon. In 1762 he succeeded the Rev. 
Samuel Waiterhouse at Risley, near Warring- 
ton. Mr. Watertiouse, who had been previous- 
ly at Walmsley, died at Risley, July, 1762, 
aged 54. In 1778 Mr. Thos. Threlkeld removed 
to Rochdale, and died there Atpril 6, 1806. He 
had a most marvellous memory, and knew the 
Bible almost by heart, and could state where 
almost any passage could be found. He read 
nine or ten languages with profound and 
critical skill. He was so short-sighted that 
he dare not ride on hoirseback because he 
could not see the ground. 

In 1767 the REV. JOHN RALPH ( of Hoxton 
College,) came here from Stamford, and died 
here in 1795, aged 59. Mr. Stansfeld, M.P., 
was grandson of Mr. Ralph. The Rev. Wm. 
Wood, of Leeds, published "A Sermon preach, 
ed April 19, 1795, in Northgate Chapel, Hali- 
fax, on the death of their laite pastor the Rev. 
John Ralph"; Leeds, 19 pp., octavo, 1(795. In 
1775 a vestry library wae established. The 
REV. THOMAS BROADHURST (of Hoxton 
Academy) became minister in 1795 and removed 
to Bath in 1797, when the REV. JOHN BICK- 
ERTON DEWBZRST, a native of Cotting- 
ham, came for aj few 'months, in 1798. The 
REV. DR. JOHN JONEIS, author of a Latin 
Grammar, and a Greek-English Lexicon, suc- 
ceeded in 1802. His wife was the daughter of 
Dr. Rees. Dr. Jones, a Welshman, had been 
educated at Hackney, and was Socinian 
minister at Plymouth, aaid also a private 
tutor in Sir Samuel Romilly'e family eome 
years. On leaving Halifax he had an academy 
in London until his death in 1827. In 1801 
he published "The Epistle to the Romans 
analysed"; in 1808, "Illustrations of the Four 
Gospels"; and another work of his was "Ec- 
clesiastical Researches." 

In 1804 the REiV. JOHN WILLIAMS came 
from Norton in Derbyshire, and in 1810 or 
1811 removed to Mamsfield. He published 



"The Fidelity of Paul as an Apostle and 
Minister of the Word: a Sermon delivered in 
Northgate End Chapel, Halifax, April 28, 
1811, by John Williams." Halifax, J. Nichol- 
son for J. Mlilner, 8vo., 1811, demy octavo, 
20 pages. 

In 1812 the REV. RICHARD ASTLEY, of 
York College, from Rochdale succeeded, and 
removed to Gloucester in 1826. He married 
the only daughter of Mr. Samuel Heywood, 
Nottingham, Oliver's descendant. 

The next minister wag the REV. JOSEPH 
AJ3HTON, trained at Manchester College, was 
minister at Dukinfield 1814, Knutsford 1820 
Halifax 1826, Whitby 1829, Preston 1830 to 
1856. This ripe scholar died in 1864. 

JOSHUAi DUNN, born at Stannary, 
Halifax, became a student under Mr. 
Jollie at Sheffield, but his health failing, 
he took to the study of physic, and died at 
Halifax, September 13, 1709, aged 25, as we 
learn from his funeral sermon by Mr. Ash, 
of Ashford. This is evidently the same man 
who was a, student at Christ College, Cam- 
bridge, whose Latin epitaph (written by the 
blind Professor Sanderson) in Halifax Church, 
may be found in Watson's book, and in my 
"Halifax Families and Worthies." 

In 1828 the REV. WM. TURNER, junior, 
from York Academy, succeeded. All these 
from Mr. Threlkeld' s time were more or less 
Unitarians. Ftrom 1737 there had been burials 
at Northgaite. The Rev. William Turner, 
junior, M.A,., was author of "Remarks on 
the commonly received Doctrine of 
Atonement and Sacrifice," price 6d. ; two 
editions before 1840. "The Day of the Lord: 
a Sermon preached before the Weet Riding 
Unitarian Tract Society at Wakefield, May 
12th. and repeated on a similar occasion at 
Newoastle-upon-Tyne, May 30th, 1830, by 
William Turner, junior, A.M." Halifax, N. 
Whitley, 1830, 8 pages, demy octavo. 

"Lives of Eminent Unitarians, with aj 
nofcic of Dissenting Academies," by the Rev. 
W. Turner, junior, M.A.; London, 1840, small 
octavo, pages xi., 1-420. 

This book gives an introductory sketch of 
Unitarianism in Einglaud from 1548, follows 
on with Lives of John Biddle, born 1615, and 
eighteen others, but none of them connected 
with Yorkshire. The volume, though not so 
styled, is the first one, and in 1843, "Lives of 
Eminent Unitarians," by the Rev. W. Turner, 
junior, M.A., vol. ii., was issued as a com- 
panion volume, pages iv, 1-452, which con- 
tains fourteen Lives, including four that boair 
on Yorkshire Church history, namely, Theo- 
philus Lindsey, John Disney, William 'Turner 
(of Wakefield, grandfather of William, of Hali- 
fax), and Joseph Priestley. The Rev. William 
Turner^ senior, succeeded the Rev. John 
Aldred at Wakefield Chapel, in 1761, and pub- 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



95 



lushed several works. His son in 1782 be- 
came minister at Newcostle-upon-Tyne, where 
ho had a prosperous ministry. 

William, the younger, was author of "Lec- 
tures on Protestant Nonconformity," published 
at 2s. Cd., reiched a second edition before 1840, 
and he had also published ''Thoughts on the 
Doctrine of Original Sin, being the substance 
of three sermons preached in the Presbyterian 
Chapel, JForthgato End, Halifax. London, 
1837." "The Rignt of Individual Inquiry and 
Judgment," octavo, 1849, was the la<st of his 
that I have found. I may also mention the 
Newcastle volume by his father though in no 
way connected witii Halifax : "SERMONS AND 
OCCASIONAL ADDRESSES, printed at the 
request of the congregation in Hanover Square 
Chapel, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with a view to 
commeiLorate his entrance on the 57th year 
of his ministerial services among them," by 
William Turner. Newcastle, 1839, demy oc- 
tavo, pages xix., 1-396. The dedication is 
dated February 1, 1839, contents (19 sermons 
apd 5 addresses), Subscribers includes half-a- 
dozen Halifax names. The funeral sermon on 
the death of the son was preached and pub- 
lished by Edward Higginsonj: Eternal Life 
the Gift of God in Jesus Christ, a sermon 
preached in Northgate End Chapel, Halifax, 
Sunday, January 9, 1854, on the occasion of, 
the death of the Rev. W. Turner. London, 
1854. A copy may be found in Halifax Free 
Library. As there may be some confusion in 
stating the pedigree of the Turners, the fol- 
lowing outline is given: Rev. John Turner, 
born 1689, dissenting minister at Preston and 
Walton; died at Knutsford in October, 1737. 
Rev. Wm. Turner, his son, born at Preston 
in December. 1714. He was Unitari;vn minis- 
ter at Wakefield more than thirty years, and 
died in 1794. The Memoirs of the Life and 
Writings of the Rev. Wm. Turner, of Wake- 
field, were issued by the Rev. Wm. Wood. 
The Rev. Wm. Turner, of Newcastle-on-Tyne, 
was son of the Wakefield minister, and died 
in 1859 aged 97. The son of this very aged 
minister was the Rev. Wm. Turner, NLA., 
mathematical tutor at Manchester New Col- 
leg (1809-27), and afterwards Unitarian minis- 
ter at Halifax. 

The REV. JOHN BARLING from Square 
Chapel, Halifax, assisted MY. Turner for some 
time, aoid succeeded him in 1854 but with- 
drew in 1856, whea the REV. RUSSELL LANT 
CARPENTER, B.A., took his place. He pub- 
lished "Six Lectures on the Scripture Doctrine 
of Reconciliation or Atonement, and connected 
subjects." Halifax, 1860. 

The REV. PERCY BAKEWELL. B.A., of 
Manchester New College, came to Halifax in 
1865, Mr. Carpenter having left at Christmas, 
1864. On Mr. Bakewell's resignation in 18<58 k 
the REV. THOMAS S. SMITH, from the same 



college, succeeded but left in 1871. In March, 
1872, the REV. FRANCIS ENGLAND MILL- 
SON, B.A., was the successor, and still minis, 
ters there. Amongst his publications are: 
"Tenderness amd Trust, a Christmas Day 
Sermon at Northgate End Chapel/' 1881. 
"Are we Christians '( Ai Sermon preached in the 
Northgate End Chapel, Halifax, October 11, 
1885, being the laist of a series of sermons on 
Ways of making a Christian Man " Halifax, 
1885. 

"Lessons on the Title Page and Table of 
Contents of the English Bible." London, 1888. 
"The Northgate End Chapel Magazine/' seven 
monthly numbers, January July, 1886, 112 
pages, octavo, printed by John Nicholson, 
Northgate. 

Mr. Millson issued in 1896 a small quarto 
pamphlet, printed by Womersley, as under : 

A Bicentenary Memorial, or 

Two Hundred Years of the Northgate End 
Chaipel, Halifax, A Sketch by the Rev. F. E. 
Millson, with Illustrations by Mr. R. E. 
Nicholson and MB. H. R. Oddy, and Lists of 
Ministers, Trustees, and Chapelwardens. Hali- 
fax. 1896; pages 42, and 8 giving the Order of 
Service. 



LXIII. BOOTH AND LUDDENDEN FOOT 
MINISTERS. 

It may be necessary to state that Booth is 
a hamlet or district somewhere between Sal- 
tonstall, Luddendenfoot and Warley. Further 
directions may be got at one of those places. 
Wesley and Whitefield, of Evangelical renown, 
formerly paid '-ccasional visits to Haworth, 
Bwood, and Heptonstall, but the great apostle 
of that locality in the eighteenth century was 
William Grimshaw, of Haworth Church, who 
often visited Calderdale, where his son was 
a. minister, and whero he himself lies buried. 
JAAIES CROSSLEY, who was born at Lower 
Saltonstall in Warley, in 1731, was one of the 
many converts to Methodism, but was first 
drawn by a powerful sermon at Heptonetall, 
when the Orator Whitefield addressed a vast 
out-door assembly. Crossley regularly trudged 
the weary miles to Haworth Church, and Mr. 
Grimshaw became strongly attached to him, 
and recommended him as a preacher to Wesley. 
The interview of Crossley and Wesley at 
Haworth began the dividing line for they 
both saw that Whitefield's teaching had gain- 
ed theological guidance, so with seven others 
Crossley sent out an appeal to Christians of 
the. neighbourhood to aid them to permanently 
establish a religious society. For above two 
years they had held services in a large" room 
at Upper SaltonstaJl, which became too limit- 
ed for the congregations, and Mr. James 
Crossley had already been chosen as the minis- 



96 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



ter. This appeal bears the signatures of: 
James Croseley, James Oldfield, Reuben Cal- 
vett, William Galvert, Joseph Ingham, 
Richard Webster, Robert Butterworth, Abel 
Butterworth. In response a goodly subscrip- 
tion came, in small amounts, amd ground was 
purchased at Booth from Jehu Midgley, and 
a one-roomed building was erected, largely by 
boon labour. Very shortly afterwards the in- 
crease demanded a gallery, then another, and 
then a third. Mr. James Crossley preached at 
the opening in the autumn of 1761. In 1763 
Mr. Crossley was ordained by the Rev. James 
Scott, of Heckmondwike Academy, Rev. John 
Edwards, of Leeds, and the Rev. Titus Knight 
of Halifax, who had been ordained the day 
previously. Mr. Crossley, though only self- 
educated, became a notable preacher through- 
out the West Riding. He was author of two 
pamphlets, but I have only one of them : 

GOD'S INDIGNATION AGAINST SIN, 
manifested in the chastisements of his people; 
being the substance of at Sermon preached on 
the occasion of the unhappy 

DEATH O'F JAMBS OLDFIELD, 
Who was executed at TYBURN, near YORK, 
Saturday, the 28th day of April, 1770. 

BY JAMEIS CROSLEY, 

Minister of tihe Gospel at Booth, near Hali- 
fax. (Published a>t the earnest request of 
many of the hearers.) Halifax; printed by 
EL Jacob, for the author, 1770. There is a 
copy also in the Halifax Free Library, which 
has ajso "Two sermons by the late Rev. James 
Crossley, Minister of the Gospel at Booth, 
with a short account of his life." Colne, 1820. 
The Oldfield pamphlet of forty pages not only 
is a testimony of Mr. Crossley's literary 
capacity and biblicail knowledge, but is in- 
teresting locally as it shews the indifference of 
the public at that time as to the morality of 
coining and uttering counterfeit money. James 
Oldfield was an official at Booth, possibly the 
aame as number two of the eight founders of 
the chapel. We may note also the indiffer- 
ence of the period in fahe spelling of names 
where one s is used for Crosley. James Old- 
field had been olerk at Booth Chanel, and be- 
came entangled with a gang of coiners, that 
district (Turvin in particular) being notorious 
in the counterfeiting business. I have not 
seen the second pamphlet printed by Mr. 
Crossley. It was the charge given at the or- 
dination of the REV. JOHN CALVERT, at 
Chesterfield, and is said to contain very clear 
and scriptural views of a minister's duties. 
This John Calvert was born and brought up 
near Booth, as alfo another JOHN CALVERT, 
who .for some time was a local preacher 
amongst the New Connexion Methodists here 
and at Ashton, but in 1808, visiting his re- 
lative the Rev. J. Calvert of Kipping, near 
Bradford, he was induced by him to enter 



Vint's Academy at Idle, for four years. After 
this term he served at Grassington six years, 
Colne ten years, Morley nineteen years, and 
died in 1847, aged 60 years. DANIEL CAL- 
VERT, brother cf this John, also was train- 
ed at Idle 1818-18211, then undertook Wetherby 
with Tadcaster cause two or three years, next 
Tosside in Craven, sixteen years, next Calder- 
brook, near Rochdale, where he died, but is 
buried at Booth. 

In 1782, May, Mr. Crossley was induced to 
remove to Horton Lane Chapel, Bradford, but 
preached only one Sunday. He died suddenly 
May 19th, 1782, a,ged 51, and was buried at 
Booth, when Joseph Cockin preached his 
funeral sermon. See also Life of John Fawcett, 
D.D., page 121. 

JOHN TOOTHILL, who was born at Wile, 
.den, April 25, 1760, in the same house as his 
cousin, the Rev. Jonathan Toothill, of Hopton, 
was chosen minister a,t Boot<h, and began his 
work in January, 1783. He had been trained 
under Mr. Scott, at Heckmondwike. In 
1786, August, he removed to Rainford, where 
he- laboured over fifty years, and died July 
23, 1839, aged 79 years. He often delivered 
discourses at the ordination of Lancashire 
Ministers. The REV. JOSEiPH SOWDEflST, a 
Cornishman, born 1745, from Morley Chapel 
came to Booth 'n 1787, but removed to 
'Sowerby in February, 1794, next to Warring- 
ton, and in 1801 to Bolton, in 1813 to Black- 
burn, where he died June 22, 1822, aged 76 
MR. JONAS HINCHCLIFFE, a Northowiam 
-Student, a native of Lidget, near Holmfivth, 
born 1764, came to Booth in 1794, but in 1801 
left a divided jongregation to go to Hasling- 
den. He returned to Yorkshire, to Allerton 
Chapel; afterwards joined the General Baptists 
at Horton. He oied November 7, 1833, aged 
68, and was buried at Booth. MR. JOSEPH 
FOLLARD in 1802 succeeded at Booth He 
was bom at Bradford in 1766, of Unitarian 
parents, became n soldier in the 23rd foot 
legiment, but purchased his release, became 
local preacher amongtst Independents, and 
ways ordained at Booth, and he died there 
October 27, 1825, and a short memoir of him 
appears in the Evangelical Magazine, July, 
1826. 

MR. JO'HN NEAVELL, from Idle Academy, 
succeeded at Booth in 1826, and was ordained 
in 1829, but strife soon bega.n, and a law-suit 
followed which ended in favour of the con- 
gregation in 1835. A new chapel had been 
built in 1828. MR. REUBEN CALVEKT, 
brother of the two Calverts already ministers, 
youngest of nine children, was born at Warley, 
October 2., 1806. After four years at Idle 
Academy he settled at Upper Mill, Saddle- 
worth, 1832. In 1841 he moved to Hyde, where 
he died, December 19, 1856. Also MR. JONA- 
THAN CALVERT settled as minister at 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



97 



Ipswich and Beecles. 1876; and MR. 
THOMAS GREENWOOD at Tunstall; both 
from Booth. The Rev. Thomas Greenwood 
was born at Booth, near Halifax, July, 1843. 
He ministered at Tosside, near Settle, eighteen 
months, and Belthorn, near Blackburn, 1870-2, 
before entering Nottingham Institute for two 
years. In 1874 he settled at Westwood, Notts., 
and in 1876 at Hednesford, Staffs., where he 
remained six years. After two years at Tun- 
stall he went to Keyworth, Notts., in March, 
1884, and died there suddenly the same month. 

Tho REV. JOSEPH MASSEY came from 
Hyde to Booth in 1836. Though a native of 
Blackburn, born 1798, he was trained at Idle, 
1822-6. After ten years a.t Hyde, he spent 
nearly five at Booth, dying December 8th, 1840. 
A notice of him will be found in Abram's 
Blackburn Independency, and in the Evangeli- 
cal Magazine. 1811, compiled from his auto- 
biography. 

In August, 1812, the REV. DAVID JONES, 
a Student from Idle, succeeded. In 1846 MR. 
WILLIAM THOMAS was sent to Rotherham 
College, and afterwards became minister at 
Ryecroft in Ashton-under-Lyne, for five years, 
College Chapel, Bradford, and in 1861 Queen 
Street, Leeds. He was born at Shaw Booth, 
October, 1822; died at Leeds, September 10th, 
1896. There is no doubt some of these minis- 
ters and natives were authors of published 
pamphlets, and their names may lead to the 
discovery of such. Mr. Jones published a 
12mo. book as under, 

CENTENARY MEMORIALS 

of the Church and Congregation Assembling 
for Christian Worship in BOOTH CHAPEL, 
near Halifax. By David Jones, Pastor of the 
Church. Halifax, T. and W. Birtwhistle, 
printers, Northgate. 1861, pages vi., 1-85, vi. 
I have a paonphlet of 16 pages, small octavo, 
printed by T. unJ W. Birtwhistle, 18 North- 
gate, Halifax, 1862, 

THE ACT OF UNIFORMITY 

or The Reason why Dissenters celebrate the 
Bicentenary of 1662; by the Rev. D. Jones, 
Booth, near Halifax. 

In 1869 a new chn.pel was built at Booth, 
and in 1886 the present minister, the REV. 
GEORGE HTJTLEY succeeded Mr. Jones. 

LUDDENDEN FOOT. 

By way of parenthesis it is worthy of record 
in these notices of books and authors that 
Mr. Joshua Nicholson, of Leek in Stafford- 
shire, wafe born at Lnddendenfoot, October 26, 
1812 He wao a successful silk manufacturer 
and a zealou* Congregationalist. At the open- 
ing of tho Nicholson Institute, Leek, includ- 
ing a Free Library, Museum and Art Gallery, 
-.'ii.TCutsly erected by him at a cost of JB30.000, 
and presented ae a gift to the town, he said: 



"I have known what it is .to struggle in life; 
I have known what privation is, but I have 
always recognised one grand fact, namely, that 
we ought, not only to think of ourselves, but 
to regard others; and I never knew a time- 
when out of the smallest income I possessed I 
ould not afford something for somebody else." 
He diod August 24th, 1885. 

The Rev. D. Jones, of Booth, commenced 
services at Luddendenfoot (or rather at Den- 
holme,) once or twice monthly ae "week-night 
services" in 1851. Others joined afterwards 
in conducting the meetings, and at length 
Messrs. Whitworth, proprietors of the mills, 
built a chapel for themselves and the work- 
people, which was opened on Good Friday, 
April 21fit, 1859, by the Rev. Dr. Josep'h 
Parker. The REV. ARTHUR HALL, of New 
College, London, became the minister in July, 
and a church was formed in September. At 
Mr. Hall's ordination, his brother the Rev. 
Newmaji Hall, LL.B., was the chief spokes- 
man. In August, 1861, Mr. John Whitworth 
(son of Richard Whitworth, of Little Peel 
House, Warley,) the prime-mover at the 
Mills, and a great helper at the chapel, died 
suddenly, aged 47. He had been Mayor of 
Halifax In 1863 Mr. Hall removed to Totten- 
ham Chapel, London; next to Hampstead 
Road, London; tiext to Clifton Down, and 
afterwards to a ohapel in Bristol. He has 
now, 1904, retired, and resides at Hastings. 
The only book he has issued is: "I will; or 
the Boy who would go to Sea," which is auto- 
biographical. It is a small book, costing 2b., 
and has had a large circulation. His son 
ARTHUR VINE HALL was born at Ludden- 
den Foot in 1860. He was trained at Cheshnnt 
College, and he succeeded Mr. Balgamie at 
Scarborough Congregational Church, but from 
1892 has been minister at Claremont Congrega- 
tional Church, Cape Town. He published a 
email 18mo. volume of poems, in 1889, 
"Poems by Arthur Vine Hall." Scarborough, 

60 pages, square shape. 
"Table Mountain, pictures with pen (in 

poetry), brush and cameffla," post quarto, 1898, 
"England re-visited, pictures with brush 

and pen (poetry)," post quarto, 1900. 

The REV. SAMUEL DAVID HILLMAN, of 
New College, London, came to Luddenden 
Foot from Cray, Kent, in October, 1863, but 
in December, 1870, removed to Ilkley. In 1872 
he published "FJohoes of the Pulpit," 5. "The 
Guiding Light, Advent, Watch-night and New 
Year Addresses, delivered in Ilkley." (1883,) 
219 pages, crown octavo. ''Oneness with th de- 
parted," a Sermon on the death -of Dr. 
Macleod, February 7, 1875, with memoir; 45 
pages octavo. "In Memoriam : Rev. John 
Sowden Brown, Market Weigh ton." "Aspira- 
tion after Heaven : on Death of John Peele 
Clapham," privately printed. 



98 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



The REV. WILUAiM ADAMS from Union 
Croft, Queensbury, previously at Eetford, came 
to Luddenden Foot in August, 1871. He left in 
September, 1873, for a chapel in Bristol. He 
was a fervid Irishman, and a very zealous 
temperance reformer. He is now abroad, I 
believe. The Rev. Thomas Adams, of Butter,- 
shaw, was his younger brother. The Whit- 
worth failure in 1874 spread great havoc in 
the village, and there was no successor to Mr. 
Adams until February, 1877, when the RE.V. 
THOMAS BOGGITT, from the Nottingham 
Institute, a native of Malton, accepted the 
invitation to the pastorate. This useful man 
died July 23rd, 1880, and was carried to Leeds 
for interment. 

The REV. JOSEPH BOOTH, of Airedale 
College, came from Pooklington to Luddenden 
Foot in August, 1881. He was son of the Rev. 
Buloock Booth, cf Newton-in-Bolland. Mr. 
Joseph Booth in 1895 went to Low Row and 
in 1897 to Ossett. He is now, 1904, at Gaw- 
thorpe, near Ossett, being succeeded by the 
present minister at Luddenden Foot, the REV. 
BERTRAM CLAUDE BARNARD, M.A., in 
1896. Mr. Barnard was trained at New Col- 
lege, London, and is M.A. of Edinburgh. 

I have a pamphlet, written by RICHARD S. 
THOMAS, that may here be mentioned : "In 
Mtefn'Oriam : Alfred Nicholl." (Engraved block 
of the Luddenden Foot Chapel,) Published by 
request of the Mutual Improvement Society; 
{founded October, 1864,) Halifax, S. N. Whit- 
aker and Son, St. Jamesr's Street. 29 pages, 
crown octavo (1884). 



LX!rV.v-MIXENDEiN AND OVENDEN. 

We have already noticed the first three 
ministers of Mixenden and their publications: 
the Rev. Matthew Smith and his son and suc- 
cessor the Rev. John Smith in No. 43 of this 
series, and the Rev. James Ritchie, M.D., in 
No. 23: also the book of the ruling elder 
Benjamin Pafcohit, given in No. 31. Patchit 
(or Patchett) was one of the voluntary 
teachers at the Mixenden Sunday School, 
which was probably the first in Halifax 
Parish and started before Robert Raakes' first 
school in 178K It would be interesting to 
prove this, and also the origin of Mr. Hud- 
son's, ab Gildersome. Matthew Smith, M.A., 
preached at Mixenden from 1683, built a meet- 
ing-house in 1689, which was abandoned for a 
new one at Hill-end in 1717, and Nathaniel 
Skelton in 1732 gave 20s. yearly towards its 
minister out of Moorside farm, Upper Warley. 
Mr. John Smith left Warley to assist hie 
aged father, and succeeded him in 1736; re- 
moved to Bradford 1753, died April 7, 1768, 
aged 63, and was buried at Mixenden. Dr. 
Ritchie came in 1753, died October 15, 1763, 



at Shaw Booth. He had resided previously at 
Alton. The fourth minister was tihe REV. 
THOMAS EVANS, an Arian or possibly Uni- 
tarian, from Denbigh, who settled at Mixen- 
den, June, 1764, and taught a school at the 
Old Hall. H e died May 25, 1779, aged 65. In 
1780 another Welshman, the REV. DaVID 
GRONOW, became minister and remained 
two years. His English was imperfectly 
spoken. He was problably Unitarian. An- 
other Welshman succeeded Februao-y, 1783, the 
REV. DANIEL JONES, and considering his 
social hilarity and drinking propensities it is 
surprising that he remained until March, 
1791, when he returned to Wales. An evan- 
gelical successor was found the same year in 
the REV. JAMES RATTRAY, a Scotchman, 
but the people disliked his teaching, and starv- 
ed him out in two years. He removed to 
Sheffield. In 1793, the year of his removal, 
he published : "The Joyful Sound," two ser- 
mons from Psalm 89, 15. 

MR. JOHN BATES, a famous schoolmaster 
at Halifax, became minister at Mixenden in 
June, 1793, and in 1796 removed to Northow- 
ram School. About 1802 he returned to Mix- 
enden and held the post until his death April 
23, 1815, aged 63. Before 1793 he had been 
minister at Stainland for Wesleyans, and also 
a General Baptist and a Wesleyan local 
preacher. In the Halifax Free Library there 
are two editions of a* work that he issued, 

"The Christian's New and Complete Family 
Bible, being a new, clear and universal ex- 
position and commentary on the Holy Scrip- 
tures, containing the whole of the Sacred 
Texts of the Old aind New Testaments, with 
the Apocrypha at large, etc., by several ernin- 
eat divines." 1800. 

Also, in folio, 1804, printed by Holden and 
Dowson, Halifax. 

There is also a copy (and I have one) of 
"Redemption Redeemed, wherein the most 
glorious work of the Redemption of the world 
by Jesus Christ is vindicated in its latitude 
and extent, &c., &c., &c., by John Goodwin, 
a little modernised and abridged by John 
Bates, V.D.M. (Word of God Minister,) Hali- 
fax." This is a demy octavo, pages 1-527; 
Halifax, Holden and Dowson, Hall End, 1806. 
In 1812 he issued Doolittle's Call to Delaying 
Sinners 

During Mr. Bates' interval at Northowram, 
MR. DAVID HOWAflRD, who had been a 
Wesleyan local preacher aifc Ripponden, minis- 
tered at Mixenden from 1797 to 1802. As he 
was not ordained he exchanged with Mr. 
Harrison, of Allerton, on communion days. 
He also traded unsuccessfully as a t corn miller. 
Subsequently he settled at Wortley, and was 
drowned in attempting bo cross a river. 

The Mixenden chapel was rebuilt in 1810. 
On the death of Mr. Bates some of the con- 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



99 



gregation withdrew, and joined the Wesleyans 
because they could not have their mind in 
securing his son, Mr. J. O. Bates, for minister 
the choice having fallen on the REV. ABRA- 
HAM CLARKSON, of Idle Academy, in 1815, 
but the unsettled state of affairs led him to 
remove (before ordination) to Bingley. This 
took place in 1817, September, and he was not 
ordained until 1818, June. He was a native of 
Earlsheaton, and afterwards in 1837 removed 
to Batley, where he died in 1850. The REV. 
WILLIAM GIBSON, of Idle Academy, follow, 
ed in 1819, from Sutton near Thirsk, and he 
only remained until 1821, when he removed bo 
Whitworth in Lancashire. The REV. THOM- 
AS SMITH, of Mixenden Hall, who had been 
a minister at Selby, gave ground for a school. 
He was grandson tf Matthew Smith, M.A., the 
founder, and died at Mixenden, June 29, 1854, 
aged 96. 

In January, 1823, the REV. JOHN PRESTON 
from Idle Academy, succeeded, and the cause 
revived so much that a larger cha-pel was buflt 
in 1836. He was born near Preston le Fylde, 
Lancashire, May, 1795. He removed to 
Warley in 1841, and retired in 185 li. He died 
at Halifax in February, 1853. 

The REV. ISAAC BRIERLBY, of Pickering 
Academy, came in 1842, and remained until 
1864, when he removed to Great Aytou, Cleve- 
land. The latter place he resigned in 1872, 
and died next year. 

The REV. GEORGE HUNS WORTH, M.A., 
a native of Rishworth, who was trained at 
Rotherham College and Glasgow University^ 
succeeded Mr. Brierley at Mixenden, and was 
ordained there '-n 1869. He removed to Kid- 
derminster in 18 T2, and afterwaa'ds settled at 
Derby in 1881. He published ''Baxter's Non- 
confarmist Descendants, or Memorials of the 
Old Meeting Congregational Church, Kidder- 
minster, by the Pastor, George Hunsworth, 
M.A. Kidderminster, 1&74, 74 pages, octavo. 
He has recently retired, and resides a.t Brad- 
ford. Further particulars see under Rishworth. 

The KEV. JOSEPH POYNTON, of Aire- 
dale College, beaame the Mixenden minister 
in 1873. and removed to Wibsey in 1880. He 
is author of "The Gospels Compared in the 
Revised Version : arranged in parallel columns 
indicating similarities and differences," by J. 
Poynbon. Bradford, 1900, demy octavo, pages 
xi., 179. 

.Vbout 1883 the REV JAMES NELSON, edu- 
cated at Cotton End, oame to Mixenden, and 
in 1884 removed to Nottingham, in 1890 to 
Donaghmore, and in 1891 to Horton Bank, 
Bradford. In 1896 he settled at Narborough, 
near Leicester. He is M.A. of Dublin. 

The REV. THOMAS BARON, from Walker- 
fold (1879) and Forton (1882) oame to Mixen- 
den in 1685. 



OVENDEN. 

In 1837 a chapel was opened, but for nine- 
teen years services had been held in a school- 
room at Ovenden, and in the same year the 
REV. EDWARD LEIGHTON, who had left 
Rotherham College in 1826, came from Wigton 
in August. In August, 1840, he removed to 
Loughborongh, afterwards to Heanor, Derby- 
shire, and died at Hornsey, November 23, 
1874, aged 73. Mr. Joseph " Crossley, Halifax! 
married hie daughter. Mr. Leighton publish- 
ed a volume of lectures, entitled "Joseph, a 
Model for the Young," 1838. There is a copy in 
Halifax Fnee Library. 

The REV. JOHN HARRISON, afterwardu 
D.D., the second minister, was born on the 
Yorkshire Wolds, May 21st, 1814. He wee 
brought up a Wesleyan, but was prepared 
by Mr. Bruce, congregational minister at 
Howden for Rotherham College, which he left 
in August, 1848, for Ovenden. In February, 
1846, he removed to Douglas, Isle of Man, and 
soon afterwards turned to the Church of Eng- 
land. In 1854 he was ordained at Burslem, 
became curate of Rotherham and later of Shef- 
field, and in 1867 was appointed to the living 
of Fenwick, where he died February 26, 1883 

In 1859 he published a pamphlet on "Justi- 
fication. " 

The following is a very portly book display- 
ing great learning and industry: 

"WHOSE ARE THE FATHERS? 
or the teaching of certain Anglo-Catholics on 
the Church and its Ministry, contrary alike 
to the Holy Scriptures, to the Fathers of the 
first six centuries, and to those of the reform- 
ed Chureh of England, with a Catena Patrum 
of the first six centuries and of the English 
Church of the latter half of the sixteenth 
became curate of Rotherham and later of Shef- 
moor, Sheffield/' London, 1867, demy octavo, 
pages ix., 1-728. This work is so full of 
patristic learning that though I have had it 
many years I have never mustered courage to 
do more than glance at its comprehensive 
saope. I have three more of his books that I 
know just as little about, namely, "The East- 
ward Position" and ''An Answer to Dr. Pusey's 
Challenge respecting the Doctrine of the Real 
Presence, " " The Primitive Mode of Making 
Bishops, being an enquiry as to whether they 
were created chiefly by those over whom they 
were to preside, or by one or more of their 
own order," by John Harrison, Vicar of Fen- 
wick, near Dononster. London, 1870, demy 
octavo, 72 pages. At the end "An Answer to 
Dr. Pusey" is announced as nearly ready, 
about 700 pages, octavo, 12s. This notice with 
the Reviews of ''Whose are the Fathers?" fill 
viii. pages. My copy of the "Answer to Dr. 
Pusey's Challenge" has never been cut open. 



100 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



It consists of two large volumes, demy octa/vo, 
as under: 

An Answer to Dr. Pusey's Challenge 

leepecting the 

Doctrine of the Eeal Presence, 
in which, &c., &c., &c., and the Fathers of the 
first eight centuries. By John Harrison, D.D. 
Bdin., Vicar of Fenwiok. 

Vol. I., 1871, pages xvii., l-67d. 
Vol. II., 1871, pages iv., 1-388. 

"An Antidote to the teaching of certain 
Anglo-Catholics concerning worshipping East- 
ward, AJfcar Adoration, Clerical Sacredotalism, 
Baptism, and the Real Presence, with an ex- 
posure of the Assumption that their Religion 
ii "The Bible interpreted by the Church,' by 
the Rev. J. Harrison, " 48 pages, IB. 

It is evident Mr. Harrison retained his 
Puritanism. He was author of some othe? 
works, besides numerous articles on the High 
Churdh coffitTOVersy in Reviews pfid News- 
papers. In 1870 the degree of Doctor of 
Divinity was conferred upon him by Edinburgh 
University. His training at Rotherham and 
his intimate friendship with Dr. Falding led 
him to bequeath his valuable library to 
Rotherham College, and tihe books are now at 
the United College, Bradford. 

Mr. Harrison was succeeded at Ovenden in 
JnLy, 1847, by the REV. SAMUEL SHAW, who 
was born at a hamlet near Saddleworth, 
January 31,1821, and was educated at Black- 
burn Academy and Lancashire College. He 
worked hard to clear off a debt of .900, towards 
which Mr. John Croesley, M.P-, promised the 
latter half. In A.ugust, 1855, he removed to 
Middleton in Lancashire, in 1866 to Clevedon, 
Somerset; and retired owing to ill-health 
about 1870 to Penzance, where he died Febru- 
ary 28, 1874. 

The REV. TIMOTHY EAST, who had been 
minister at Frome and Birmingham, came to 
Oronden in 1855.He was author of a volume 
of lectures on "The proper Diety of the Son 
of God," and of ether works. He had origin- 
ated Springhill College, Birmingham. Although 
over seventy when at Ovenden he was very 
vigorous, and the cause greatly prospered, the 
membership increasing from a hundred to 
one hundred and fifty in the two years. A 
sermon by him at Moorfields, London, in 1814, 
greatly influenced John Williams the Er- 
romanga Martyr. In 1857, owing to Mrs. 
Bast's health he removed to Brixton and after- 
wards to Paignton, Devon; he died at Dftdding- 
ton, Oxon, February 11, 1871, aged 87. 

The REV. WTLLIAiM INMAN, born near 
Worksop in 1805, was educated at Rotherham 
College and became successively minister at 
Keyworth (Notts.) in 1838, Hinckley, Dogiey 
Laine (Huddersfield), and Wilsden, before com- 
ing to Ovenden in 1860. He died at Workrop 
November 15, 1864, and was interred at Oven- 



den. In 1867 the REV. ROBERT INGALL 
SENIOR, of Airedale College, became the suc- 
cessor; removed to Wigan in 1872, and thence 
to Goole. His father, the Rev. David Senior, 
of Selby and Maiton, resided some time at 
Ovenden with his son. 

The REV. CHARLES THOMAS TRIGG, 
born at Chelmsford in 1822, after some service 
in Sussex, was ordained at Sutton near Thirsk, 
1859, ministered there and at the twin chapel 
at Eston for twelve years before coming to 
Ovenden in July, 1873, and great prosperity 
followed both at Ovenden and the WheatJey 
and Holmfield branches. 

The REV. RICHARD FOTHBRINGHAM, 
M.A., of Edinburgh, trained at Airedale Col- 
k-ge, was minister ait Ovenden from 1887 to 
1891. He removed to Ha^erhill in 1891 and to 
Blaokheath in 1895. The RE(V. WILLIAM 
WOOD, a Primitive Methodist from Sunder- 
land, came to Ovenden chapel in 1892, removed 
to Falmouth in 1894, and to West Newport, 
life, in 1900. He has published articles in 
prese and verse in various magazines and 
newspapers, but none have been issued separ- 
ately as yet. " Characters on the Golf Links " 
is now preparing for separate reprint, as aiso 
"Travels in Egypt, Greece, Palestine, Spnin, 
Canada, and Unittd States"; and a novel en- 
titled ' Moorland Grange," dealing with Oven- 
den and Halifax Mill life. 

The REV. MATTHEW WHITE!, who was 
born at Kirkburton, and was educated at 
Pickering Academy under the Kiev. Gabriel 
Croft, became minister at Reeth, 1850 to 1872, 
and was afterwards chaplain at a Sunder! and 
Cemetery. He died January 10, 1890, aged 70, 
and was buried at Ovenden, but I am not 
aware that he was the minister there. 

In 1895 the REV. JOHN LAWSON, B.A., 
from Airedale College, which he left in 188ft, 
became minister at Ovenden. 



LXV. WARLBY CONGREGATIONAL 
CHURCH. 

Oliver Heywood must be regarded as the 
founder of the Nonconformist cause at Warley. 
In 1672 he got the house of John Butterworth, 
licensed as a preaching place, but afterwards 
the society was worked from Sowerby. Next 
the Rev. Matthew Smith, as already stated, 
preached alternately at Mixenden and War- 
ley, the Rev. Nathaniel Priestley, of Halifax, 
and others giving assistance. In 1691 Mr. 
iriestley, three years before his ordination, 
was ministering at Warley, as proved in Hey- 
wood's diaries. In 1699 Messrs. Benson, Bair- 
stow. and Denton were ordained at Warley. 
In 1<705 a meeting house was built, at which 
relatives of Archbishop Tillotson worshipped. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



101 



In the same year, 1705, or earlier, Mr. ISAAC 
WILKINSON, a locaJ man, was invited to the 
pastorate, and his zealous labours were emi- 
nently successful, for in 1715 he had 300 hear- 
ers, the aisles being also crowded by the- in- 
creased congregation. He married Esther 
Lapidge, and his descendant of same names, 
Isaac Wilkinson, settled near Chesterfield 
(History of Pontefract, 489). The Rev. Isaac 
Wilkinson died in 1721, and was succeeded in 
1722 by the REV. JAMBS HUTHWAITE, (a 
student under the Kev. Matthew Smith), who 
ha- settled at Alfreston, in Derbyshire, in 
1715. In 1724 he seems to have removed to 
Mansfield, where Heywood's son had settled, 
and in the same year he married at Mansfield 
Phoebe, daughter of Widow Priestley, of 
Westercroft, Halifax, March 31et. In 1734 he 
became minister of tipper Chapel, Idle, where 
he died, leaving a small congregation in great 
declension, June 25, 1766, aged 77, as recorded 
on the gravestone still preserved. His name 
was sometimes written phonetically Huffit. 

The REV. JOHN SMITH, son of Matthew, 
became minister at Warley in 1724, and ex- 
changed posts on alternate Sundays with the 
REV. JOSHUAi CORDINGLEY, of Eastwood, 
as stated in the Eastwood sketch. After Mr. 
Smith left Warley to assist his father at 
Mixenden, Mr. Cordingley continued to la- 
bour ait Warley, aided by Mr. Eden, of Elland. 
Mr. Cordingley died about 1732, leaving a nu- 
merous family, one of whom became a Non- 
conformist minister, and died at Hull. About 
1734, the REV. EVAN STOCK, of Arian creed, 
succeeded at Warley, exchanging pulpits with 
Mr. Faorrer, of Eastwood, and the congrega- 
tions becoming quarrelsome in their favouri- 
tisms for one or the other, both left; Mr. 
Farrer to Elland, and Mr. Stock to Cleckhea- 
ton in 1741, where he continued twenty years. 
j.ne Rev. JOHN FORD took his place at War- 
ley for about a year. In 1742, the REV. WIL- 
LIAM GRAHAM, M.A., of a Scotch Universi- 
ty, a man of learning and ability, came to 
Warley, and great prosperity ensued, until 
about 1756, when the congregation began to 
notice his Arian teaching, and many of them 
withdrew from him and joined dissatisfied 
members of Mixenden Chapel in establishing a 
more congenia.1 cause at Midgley. Mr. Gra- 
ham left Warley on November 20th, 1763, and 
took up his residence in Halifax, frequently 
assisting the minister of Northgate End Guap- 
el. Dr. Joseph Priestley, the eminent scientist 
of Leeds, afterwards of Birmingham, became 
his intimate friend, and he dedicated his work, 
"Disquisition on Matter and Spirit" to him. 
Their theological views very closely coincided, 
and Mr. Graham, under the name of Pyrrho 
wrote articles for Dr. Priestley's "Theological 
Repository." Aimongst Mr. Graham's publi- 
cations, there are: "Animadversions on Mr. 



Brown's Three Essays on the Characteristics," 
1753. "Diana Great at Bphemis, or the Protes- 
tant turned Papist. A Sermon from Acts xix, 
34, preached November 5th, 1/755, being the anni 
versary of the ever memorable Revolution, 
1688, by Taoltt Bob," 1754. Thia signature 
stands for the word* ''The Author of Letter to 
the Bishop of Bangor," which Letter was 
directed to Bishop Pierce, on hie Sermon "be- 
fore the House of Lords, January 30th, 1749. 
''A Sermon from Matthew x., 84, which he 
preached in Kingston-on-Hull, June 21, 1758, 
at the Ordination of the Rev. Mr. John Be- 
verley,' London, 1759. "Repentance the only 
condition of Final Acceptance; a Sermon 
preached before the Dissenting Clergy in Mill- 
hill Chapel," 1772, and directed against Cal- 
vinism, and Trinitarianism. Mr. Graham died 
January 28, 1796, aged 75. 

The REV. RICHARD SIMPSON, who had in 
1745 entered Dr. Doddridge'e Academy, and 
had ministered at Stainton in Ravenstonedale, 
became minister at Warley in August, 1764, 
and held the post until his death in February, 
1796, and was interred in the chapel, aged 78. 
He was author of a book bearing the title 
"Seven practical and experimental Discourses 
on the most important subjects," printed at the 
office of J. Fawcetfc, Ewood Hall, near Halifax, 
for the author's widow, 1800, 136 pages, octavo. 
They are of the thoroughly evangelical doc- 
trine, clearly and forcibly written. He, with Mr. 
Crossley, of Midgley, Mr. Fawcett, of Wains- 
gate, and another preacher took the monthly 
course of services at a Workhouee in the loca- 
lity. He walked annually to Westmoreland, 
and enjoyed perfect health until very advanced 
age. The REV. THOMAS HAWKINS came 
from Aylesbury, and settled at Warley in July, 
1796. I have a fine unpublished portrait of this 
esteemed minister and author, who resigned his 
pastorate in 1823, and continued to reside in 
the locality until his death, February 9th, 
1838. A marble tablet records that he was 
78 years old at the time of his death and had 
been pastor forty-three years. The chapel was 
rebuilt in 1805, and a schoolroom attached. He 
published in 1808, "The Iniquity of Witchcraft, 
two Sermons delivered at Warley." The foolish 
belief was evidently strongly held in Warley 
at that time. It refers to notorious Yorkshire 
impostors. He issued in 1808 a "Commentary 
on the Epistles of St. John." This was an 
octavo volume, published at six shillings. 
"The Doctrine of Original Sin briefly stated 
and defended, in a sermon preached at Ayles- 
bury, by the Rev. T. Hawkins," small octavo, 
32 pages, 6d. Printed at Aylesbury. ''The Lea- 
ding Heads of Twenty-seven Sermons, preached 
in Northampton in 1749 by P. Doddridge, D.D., 
taken in shorthand by a lady, and transcribed 
by the Rev. T. Hawkins, of Warley;" octavo, 
5s. The pamphlet afterwards mentioned, gire 



102 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



the REV. WILLIAM HUGILL as successor to 
Mr. Hawkins, being ordained at Warley, July 
21st, 1839, and resigning his charge March 14, 
1841, after which he removed to Workeop. I 
have a four page pamphlet, "Sermon Notes," 
"by 'him, printed by Robert White, Worksop. 
His name is altogether omitted by Miall, in 
^'Congregationalism in Yorkshire," and Miall's 
date for Mr. Preston's successor in 1823 is 
therefore erroneous. He came to Warley 
from Mixenden, May llth, 1841. Indeed, he 
shews this under Mixenden. 

The REV. JOHN PRESTON, from AiredaJe 
College, was elected in May, 1841, to succeed 
Mr. Hugill. He retired to Halifax in 1851i, and 
died February 18th, 1853. He had been at Mix- 
enden from 1823-1841. About 1848 a small 
pamphlet of seven pages, probably from the 
pen of Mr. Preston, was printed by H. Martin, 
Halifax. I have a copy of it with marginal and 
footnotes by Mr. E. J. Walker. These notes 
were copied by Mr. Walker from Oliver Hey- 
wood's "Life." The printed matter states that 
Heywood got a licence in 1672 for John Butter- 
worth's house, and that in 1688 a chapel was 
built. In 1805 the chapel was rebuilt with a 
scKoolroom attached, and in 1844 Mrs. Elizabeth 
Worsley, of London, a native of Warley, gave 
by will ,500 towards a new edifice, and others 
of her family supplemented the legacy. It was 
opened in June 1846,. by the Revs. Dr. Raffles, 
Jas. Sherman, J. B. Brown, J. M. Obery, New- 
man Hall and John Ely. The cost was J61.270. 
The Rideals, Milnes, and Smiths were the chief 
contributors. Mr. Samuel Smith, of Bradford, 
whose Chant Books and Tune Books have" been 
very popular for more than a generation, was 
a Warley man. His son, Mr. Samuel Milne- 
Milne, of Calverley, is a well-known antiquary, 
and has issued a pamphlet on "Parliamentary 
Electoral Districts, &c." In April, 1853, the 
REV. THOS. M. NEWNES, who had been 
trained at Blackburn Academy, came to War- 
ley from Matlock. Messrs. Milne gave land for 
a new schoolroom, which was opened in 1856. 
Mr. Newnes resigned in 1859, and removed to 
another congregation before settling at Little 
Hadham, Hertfordshire, 1868. His son, Sir 
George Newnes, is the famous London author, 
editor, and publisher. I only know of one 
book by the Rev. T. M. Newnes, namely: "Me- 
moirs of the Rev. Dr. Adam Clarke, with stric- 
tures, &c.," a duodecimo book, published by 
Milner and Sowerby, of Halifax. After two 
years vacancy the pulpit at Warley was ably 
filled by the REIV. WILLIAM HEWGILL, 
M.A., of New College, London, but he removed 
in June, 1865, to Farnworth, which pastorate 
he held until 1901. 

The REV. FRANCIS JAMBS, a native of 
South Devon, became minister at Warley in 
1865. He had been a city missionary in Lon- 
don. In 1882, he went to Canada, but 



soon returned to take up his abode at Gorton, 
near Manchester, and died October 29th, 1894, 
aged 64. In February, 1884, the REV JOHN 
GASCOIGNE, from Rotherham College, suc- 
ceeded to the pulpit at Warley. In 1887 he 
removed to Brampton, in 1895 to Hyde, and in 
1899 to Wakefield. 

The REV. JAMES MONCRIEFF, from the 
Yorkshire United College, settled a,t Warley in 
1892, and still labours there. 

The REiV. BENJAMIN BOOTHROYD, D.D., 
must be given amongst our local authors. "Tht 
history of the Ancient Borough of Pontefract, 
containing an interesting account of its castle, 
and the three different sieges it sustained dur- 
ing the Civil War, with Notes and Pedigrees 
of some of the moeit distinguished Royalists 
and Parliamentarians, chiefly drawn from 
manuscripts never before published; by B. 
Boothroyd," Pontefract, printed by the Au- 
thor, 1807, demy octavo. Title, with subscri- 
bers' names, contents, and preface xvi. pages. 
Introduction and History 496 pages. Appendix, 
Charters, &c., xxiv. pages. Plates : (1) All 
Saint's Church, S.W., frontispiece. (2) Ancient 
Castle, opposite 162. (3) Plan of the Keep, op- 
posite 166. (4) Ground plan of the siege, drawn 
by Butterworth of Leeds, opposite page 317, 
folded. (5) St. Giles' Church and the Market 
Cross. (6) The Town Hall, Corporation Seal, 
Siege Coin, and Mayor's Seal, drawn by But- 
terworth, opposite page 443. Besides the 
ordinary copies at 8s. in boards, there were 
some on superior paper at 15s. The book is 
still a standard work on Pontefract, though 
Fox, Holmes, and others have issued volumes 
on the same subject. 

Beside his famous translation of the Bible he 
issued several choicely printed books whilst at 
Pontefract. He had been a student at North- 
owram Academy, not Heckmondwike, as stated 
on the Warley tablet. He went to Pontefract 
in 1792, and thence to Huddersfield in 1818. 
There is a tablet to Dr. Boothroyd's memory 
in Wairley Independent Chapel, Halifax, as un- 
der: "To the Memory of the Rev. Benjamin 
Boothroyd, LL.D., and D.D., who was a native 
and once a poor boy in this village. He was 
a student at Heckmondwike Academy, and at 
the age of twenty-two became minister of the 
Independent Chapel, Pontefract, and after- 
wards Highfield Chapel, Huddersfield, where 
he died on the 8th of September, 1836, aged 68. 
His simplicity and Godly sincerity endeaied 
him to all, his Biblical labours raised him to 
an eminence attained by few, and he died at a 
good old age, crowned with laibours and hon- 
ours. He made a complete translation of the 
whole Bible, and published it with a Comment* 
ary. This tablet was erected by a few friends 
and strangers." An octavo portrait was issued 
in September, 1824, by Westley, and given in 
the Evangelical Magazine, 1824. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



103 



Benjamin .Boothroyd was born at Warley, 
October 10th 1768, of very poor parents, \vlio 
through ignorance or waywardness did little 
for their son's welfare, but being mentally 
quick, he learnt to read the Bible before 
reaching his sixth birthday, at the village 
school. Religion in Warley at thait time was 
at a low ebb. His father being a (shoemaker, 
soon began to get help from Benjamin, who was 
taught at the same age how to do easy sums by 
a fellow singer at Warley Chapel. He secretly 
left his unattractive home, and got work on 
the Lancashire borders, but his father having 
happened an accident, Benjamin returned to 
Warley. He was now the support and comfort 
of the family, and by aid of a few simple Chrii-- 
tians he became useful at the Sunday school 
and chapel. He got elementary Latin and 
Greek books, and was occasionally helped in 
his study by Dr. Fawoett, of Brearley Hall, and 
eventually was admitted to the Northowram 
Academy. His first charge was at Pontefract, 
where from 1790 he re-established a decayed 
religious society, and founded others in the 
district, although his income from his otnce 
was less than needed for his support. In 1801 
he married Miss Hurst, of Pontefract, who 
was the mother of his four sons and four 
daughters. She died at Huddersfield in 1832. 
To eke out) a living at Pontefract, he started 
a bookseller's shop, and this led to a printing 
establishment, which resulted in the issue of 
books and pamphlets, as well as local pla- 
cards. Amongst his printed publications are 
Bidgeley's Body of Divinity, Hervey's Works, 
Scott's Christian Life, Newcome's Version of 
the Minor Prophets, the History of Pontefract 
by himself, and several funeral sermons for 
members of his congregation. I have copies of 
his Hervey, &c., and can testify to the excellen- 
cy of his typography, paper and binding. He 
began to study Hebrew, and works bearing on 
Hebrew literature, and in seven years had 
reached a high state of efficiency as testified 
by the friendship of Dr. Zouch, Bishop Bar- 
rington, and Bishop Burgess. Six hours daily 
he engaged in manual labour at the press, and 
thus produced the "Biblia Hebraica," 2 vol- 
umes, and the proofs were read by aid from 
his wife and compositor, whom he taught the 
Hebrew letters. Henry Tuke, of York, the 
Quaker author, induced him to revise and 
print a new English version of the Bible, when 
again his wife was the proof reader. In 1818 
he became co-pai?tor with the Rev. W. Moor- 
house, Huddersfield, and eventually sole pastor. 
The title LL.D. was conferred upon him about 
this time, and in 1824 he received the diploma 
of D.D. from Glasgow. He was a great social 
reformer, and very active in arousing the peo- 
ple of West Yorkshire, and Congrogationalists 
everywhere against Colonial Slavery. Sickness 
overcame him in 1836. A memoir appears in 



the ''Evangelical Magazine^," March, 1837, writ- 
ten by the Rev. Wm. Eccles, of Hopton; a 
portrait had appeared previously. A,t page 374 
of the same volume is an interesting account of 
Bishop Burgess's visit to Pontefract to see 
Dr. Boothroyd. Further particulars of the 
doctor may be found in Bruce'e ''Centenary 
of the Huddersfield Chapel." "The New Tes- 
tament, or History of Christ, as contained in 
the Gospels, harmonized by Dr. Doddridg*, 
with questions and answers," Icimo., was prin- 
ted at Pontefract, 1804. There is a copy in 
Bradford Free Library. "The Solemnity of the 
Day of Death, a sermon preached at Ponte- 
fract on the death of Mr. F. Hurst," by B. 
Boothroyd. "Biblia Hebraica, or the Hebrew 
Scriptures of the Old Testament without points 
after Kennicott &c., with English notes," 4to., 
part 1., 5s. &c. to part VI., royal size 7s. 6d. 
"Reflections on the Authorized Version of the 
Holy Scriptures, with a specimen of an at- 
tempt to improve it," a quarto pamphlet in- 
viting subscribers for a. royal quarto work in 
two or three volumes. An outline of the proe- 
pectus appears at pp. 438-9 of the Evangelical 
Magazine, 1816. Part I. of the New Family 
Bible was issued in August, 1817, 4to., 4e. 
"Great Object of a Christian's Life; a ter- 
mon on the death of Mr. R. Houghton, surgeon, 
Huddersfield;" Is. "Ai new Family Bible and 
Improved Version from corrected Texts of the 
Original, with notes critical and explanatory, 
and short practical reflections, by Rev. B. 
Boothroyd, LL.D.," 4to., volume II., 36s.; vol- 
ume III., 32s., 1824. Dr. Boothroyd preached 
the "Funeral Sermon of the Rev. Jonathan 
Toothill, of Hopton," the memoir section being 
printed in the ''Evangelical Magazine," Octo- 
ber, 1826. " Memoir of Mrs. Boothroyd" in the 
"Evangelical Magazine," 1832. "The Holy 
Bible, new edition," royal 8vo., 30s., 1836. 



LXVI. STAINLAND, RISHWORTH, 
RIPPONDEN. 

In 1754 an undenominational chapel was 
erected at Stainland on the site where the 
present episcopal church now stands, and vest- 
ed in trustees. Air. Wesley was invited to preach 
in it in 1759, and the stated ministers were 
elected by the congregation with the approval 
of the trustees. The REV. JOHN FLOYDE, 
M.D., who had been a travelling preacher 
under the Wesleyan conference, and had with- 
drawn on the failure of his health, was the 
first minister at the Stainland Chapel on re- 
cord. He lived at Halifax, and died there in 
1799. The REV. SAMUEL LOWELL seems 
to have been his successor about 1782, but can- 
not have remained long for he went to Brig- 
house then or soon afterwards, and removed 



104. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



to Woodbridge in 1*789. The REV. JOHN 
BATES succeeded, but left in 1793 to become 
minister at Mixenden. The publications of 
Mr. Lowell and Mr. Bates are elsewhere re- 
ferred to so we pass to their successor MR. 
SAMUEL BARROWCLOUGH, a local preacher 
of Sowerby, who afterwards became a travel- 
ling preacher in the Methodist New Connexion. 
I am not aware that he was author of any- 
thing besides a rare pamphlet of which I have a 

copy as under: PETERS ETHIC'S AND 
JOSEIPH'S ADVICE. Two Sermons preached 
before the Amicable Societies ait Stainland, 
June 9, 1794, and May 25, 1795, with some 
additions and alterations. By S. Barrowclough, 
minister of the gospel. Halifax, J. Nicholson 

and Company, Com Market, 1796. 
This is an octavo pamphlet of 95 pages, and 
the erroneous apostrophe will be noticed. 
When he left Stainland, and when the REV. 
J. HANSON succeeded are as uncertain as 
the previous dates. Mr. Hanson is said to 
have been a student at Idle up to 1803 or 4, 
which is probable, though his name does not 
appear in the official list. He was somewhat 
eccentric, and yet amusing. He reported that 
"at Stainland we have Wesleyans, Independents 
and Church people; an Independent parson in 
the pulpit, a Baxterian clerk, a Roman 
Catholic organ and a drunken player, so you 
may call us what you like." After about eight 
years' ministry he removed in 1812 to Shelley, 
near Huddersfield, but dissension arose on ac- 
count of his eccentricities, and he left in 1822. 
The Stainland pulpit was occupied after Mr. 
Barrowclough/s removal by Wesleyans and 
Independents alternately, but in 1813 the 
weaKest party the Episcopalians demanded 
that the church prayer book should be used, 
as stated in the trust deed, upon which the 
Independents withdrew, and MR. DAVID 
BARRACLOUGH, an ex-Wesleyan, who Had 
preached at the Sion Chapel, Halifax, before 
the Congregationalists bought it, was chosen 
minister at Stainland, and remained until 1838 
when the Episcopalians claimed and got by 
a law-suit the control, so the Wesleyans built 
a new place of worship. 

The Congregationalists from 1813 occupied 
rooms at Jagger Green and next at Scarr Hill, 
but in 1814, August llth, a chapel was opened 
by Dr. Hamilton, of Leeds, and Dr. Raffles, of 
Liverpool, and a church was constituted. For 
three years students from Idle supplied the 
pulpit until 1817, one of them, the REV*. 
SAMUEL RHODES was engaged, and remain- 
ed until 1827, when he removed to Smallbridge. 
He resided at Stainland underneath the chapel, 
and supplemented his salary of 70 a year by 
weaving, whilst his wife, who had been a 
governess at Mr. Holland's, Slead Syke, kept 
a draper's shop. After two yeaiTs' interval the 
REV. ROBERT BELL, from Idle Academy, be- 



came minister, and he removed to Sowerby 
Bridge in 1840. His ministry was very success- 
ful during the eleven years. Two books he 
published are mentioned under Brighouse In- 
dependency. Stainland chapel was enlarged 
and a new parsonage built in his time. In 
1841 the REV. JOHN BRAMALL, of High- 
bury College, minister at Patricroft from 1830, 
succeeded Mr. Bell, but removed to Swanland 
(Hull) in 1844. In 1850 he removed to Isling- 
ton, where he served as secretary of Cheshunt 
College, and died in January, 1864. The REV. 
JOHN HODGSON was recommended from 
Stadnland Chapel to lancashire Independent 
College in 1843, and mii.istered for many years 
at Oldham. MR. J. FJ.ETH went from Stain- 
land to the same colhge in 1851, and settled 
in Australia. Possibly these natives have 
issued publications. In January, 1846, the 
REV. JOHN RAWLINSON, from Lancashire 
College, came to Stainland but owing to the 
severity of the winters he removed in July, 
1850 to Cheltenham and settled at Knot Mill, 
Manchester. 

The REV. WILLIAM SPENCER BALI-, 
educated at Cotton End, after ministering at 
Cadnam, and Havant (Hampshire), came to 
Stainland in 1853 .and remained until 1857, 
when he removed to Newton-le- Willows, where 
he died in 186H, aged 45. 

In 1859 the REV. WILLIAM GARNER came 
from Denholme, where he had been three 
years, but left in 1862. 

The REV. JOSEPH HAJLEY, educated at 
Lancashire College, ministered at Accringtcm 
from 1856 to 1863, when he became- pastor at 
Stainland. In 1873 he removed to Lister Hills, 
Bradford. 

The REV. JOHN WILDE, of Airedale Col- 
lege, from Burley-in-Wharfedale, where he be- 
gan his labours in 1864, succeeded Mr. Haley 
at Stainland in 1874. I am not aware of any 
publications by these ministers except chapel 
year books. 

HOLYWELL GREEN. 

The Day School here was erected in 1852 l>y 
Mr. John Crossley at a cost of ,1,600, and a 
Sunday School was commenced in it in 1857. 
The school buildings were purchased from Mr. 
Crossley at about half the cost by Mesci-B. 
Shaw for the Stainland Congregation;) lists, in 
1862 and the place was enlarged and converted 
into a chapel in December, 1866. Next month 
a separate church was formed, and the REV. 
JOSEPH MASON CALVERT became the pos- 
tor. After two and a half years he left (June, 
1870). He was a native of Colne (born August 
28, 1818, son of the Rev. John Calvert, an Aire- 
dale student), minister successively at Pateley 
Bridge, (1844), Dronfield, and Allerton (1858), 
before going to Holywell Green. A relative 
having left him considerable property he went 
to reside at Gargrave; preaching at Grassing- 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



105 



ton and district before his removal to Lan- 
cashire. He died May 11, 1686, at Nelson-in- 
Mareden, and was brought to Bingley Cemetery 
to be interred. The REV. BENJAMIN 
WILKINSON, of Cavendish College, Manches- 
ter, followed Mr. Calvert a* Holy well Green, 
in January, 1871. He was a native of Burn- 
ley, born December, 1838. He had laboured 
at Partington in Cheshire, 1864, and at Horton- 
in-Craven from 1865. In April 1872, a new 
edifice was commenced, and opened in April, 
1874; and a new organ added in 1876, a,nd in 
1880, the whole was conveyed by Messrs. Shaw 
to trustees, value about ,20,000. Mr. Wilkin- 
son removed in 1882 to Durham, in 1888 
to Barnard Castle, and died November 28, 
1893. 

The KEV. DUNCAN GRANT, from Rother- 
ham College, commenced his pastorate in 
January, 1883. He is now in London, having 
resigned in November, 1888. 

The REV. J. G. LAYTON commenced his 
duties in August, 1889, and left in 1893. He 
is now in Africa. 

The REV. W. JOHNSTONE came from 
Kirkstall in December, 1894, and still is the 
pastor. The Church Manual for 1904 bears 
the imprint of John T. Park, printer, The 
Cross, Stainland, 1904. 

RISHWORTH. 

Joseph Wadsworth and Nathan Whitley at- 
tended Elland Church from this place to hear 
the evangelical vicar, the Rev. George Burnett, 
of whom a further notice will be found in the 
reports of the Elland Society. On his death 
they, and a few others, went to Sowerby In- 
dependent Chapel to hear Mr. Joseph Sowden. 
In 1804 a Wesleyan Chapel was built at Stones, 
and about the same time the Baptists, of 
Steep Lane, Sowerby, established a branch 
cause at Rishworth, so the long journey to 
Sowerby generally ceased, but in November, 
1816, Mr. Isaac Nortcliffe, one of the thre* 
men who kept up the Sowerby membership, 
began to preach in a chamber at Parak Nook, 
and in 1818 a Sunday School wae commenced. 
For three years he gave voluntary service, and 
then a small quarterly allowance was raised 
which got up to 25s. before his death, March 
18, 1830, aged 73. In 1P32 land was secured 
and a chapel built, Mr. Maslen, of Rishworth 
School, being the chief subscriber, giving 5. 
At Baster, 1833, the edifice was opened, and a 
church formed. The pulpit was generally oc- 
cupied by students from Bradford, until Sep- 
tember, 1843, when the REV. BANLEY 
PICKERSGILL, a native of Keighley, entered 
on the pastorate which he held for four years. 
His first wife died in 1844, and hie second wife 
was Miss Dyson, of Rishworth. He died in 
1903 at Lightcliffe. Besides the Wadsworlhs, 
Nortcliffes, Whiteleys and Crossleys, another 



well-disposed working family was the Buns- 
worths, and they supplied a student for the 
ministry the Rev. George Hunsworth, M.A., 
of Mixenden, Derby aoid Kidderminster. The 
REV. JOSEPH WADSWORTH, of Clitheroie, 
author of a funeral sermon preached on the 
death of his tutor, the Rev. William Vint, and 
who also published other works, was of the 
same family as the man first named in this 
article. The Rev. Joseph Wadsworth was 
author of: 

'' Lectures on the Apocalyptical Epistles to 
the Seven Churches of Asia; nearly 500 pp., 
1825, 12mo, 6s. 6d. There ia a most glowing 
review of this work in the " Evangelical 
Magazine, " 1826. 

Facts and Truth opposed to Roman Catholic 
Infidelity and Error: two Lectures at the In- 
dependent Chapel, Clitheroe, by J. Wadsworth. 
Is. 6d. 

Address to the Students, Airedale College, 
by Jos. Wadsworth, Clitheroe, 1838; printed by 
request. 

Be edited at Clitheroe a monthly magazine 
entitled "The Voice of Truth," 1831-3. He 
trained several men for the ministry. Another 
JOSEPH WADSWORTH issued in Sept., 1866, 
a pamphlet about four inches by three, 30 
pages, entitled " Jubilee Memorials of the 
Congregational Church at Rishworth, by J. 
Wadsworth. " Halifax, T. and W. Birtwhistle, 
Northgate, 1866. This is a very commendable 
little booklet by Joseph Wadsworth, "a work- 
ing man of uninterrupted and anxious toil." 
I don't think there has been a stated minister 
since Mr. Pickersgill left in 1847. 

The works and notices of the REV. GEORGE 
HUNSWORTH, M.A., who now has retired to 
Bradford, are stated below. He was born in 
Rishworth 1842, brought up in the small Con- 
gregational Chapel and Sunday School known 
as Parak Nook, where his father, William 
Hunsworth, was choir master for over 50 
years, as well as Deacon, Secretary, Superin- 
tendent, &c. He was educated for the ministry 
at Rotherham College and Glasgow University 
where he took the degree of M.A. and he held 
the following pastorates: Mixenden 1869-1872; 
Old Meeting Boose Kidderminster afterwards 
known as Baxter Church 1872-80; Victoria- 
street Church, Derby, 1880-1904. Be then re- 
tired from the pastorate and removed to Man- 
ningham, Bradford. Be published "Memo- 
rials of the Old Meeting Bouse, or Baxter's 
Nonconformist Descendants," 1874 (Parry & 
Co., Shuttle Office, Kidderminster); "Our 
duty in relation to the Catholic revival," 1876 
(Jas. Clarke & Co., London); an address deliv- 
ered at Coventry; "The darkness is passing 
away" (F. Carter, Derby), 1887, a sermon 
preached in Victoria-street Church on the oc- 
casion of the Mayor and Corporation visiting 
the church; "Congregationalism: ideal and 



106 



HAUFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



actual " (John Milton & Co., Chesterfield), 
1887, an address from the chair of the Derby- 
shire Congregational Union ; " Christ and St. 
Paul " (F. Carter, Derby), an address at the 
Derbyshire Congregational - Union meetings 
held at Glossop, 1890; and "Light in the 
Gloom " (C. H. Stockwell, London) a volume 
of 15 sermons, with portrait of author, 1904. 
Also " The Pastor's Farewell/' 1904 (F. S. 
Carter, Derby). 

RIPPONDEN. 

The memorial stone of Ripponden Congrega- 
tional Chapel was laid in 1869 by Mr. Henry 
Lee, of Manchester, his brother, Mr. R. K. 
Lee, being a great promoter, but died in 1871. 
The Church was founded in 1870. The Kev. 
STEPHEN HARTLEY was minister from 
July, 1872, to 1876. the Rev. WILLIAM HAR- 
PER FOX from August, 1878, to 1892. The 
Rev. ARTHUR GILBY, M.A., became minis- 
ter in August, 1895. Mr. Hartley was educa- 
ted at Lancashire Independent College. On 
leaving Ripponden he went to Australia, and 
returning settled at Besses o' the Barn,Prest- 
wich, in 1880. Mr. Fox, an Airedale student, 
removed to Malton in 1892 and Bury in 1899. 
I am not aware of any publications by them. 



LXVII SOWERBY & SOWEtRBY BRIDGE. 

The Rev. Nathaniel Raibhband, puritan 
minister at Sowerby, removed, to York, where 
he became a famous preacher. His brother 
William, M.A., of Oxford, was ejected in 1662 
from Southwold in Essex, and died at Highgate 
in 1695. Their father was a nonconformist 
minister though he wrote against the Brown- 
iste. He was silenced in Lancashire. The 
Rev. Henry Root, of Sowerby, and his son, the 
Rev. Timothy Root, of Sowerby Bridge, have 
been previously recorded as founders of the 
nonconformist cause at Sowerby On the 
death of the Roots the congregation became 
partially dispersed, some joining Oliver Hey- 
wood's community at Northowram, including 
Archbishop Tillotson'fe father. About thirty 
years later, 1720, the scattered fragments of a 
congregation again united, and a chapel was 
built, said in 1721 the REV. WILLIAM 
DODGE, a useful preacher and physician, was 
minister, and remained several years, and was 
buried in the chapel in 1743, aged 46. In 1744 

the Rev THORBURN succeeded, and 

he was followed by MR. ANDREWS. Of these 
two men we have no memorials. 

In 1754 the REV. DANIEL PHILLIPS, edu- 
cated at Pulheli, Carnarvonshire, and aleo by 
Dr. Latham, came to Sowerby from Eastwood. 
He is said to have been an Arian. He removed 
to Hupton, Norfolk, in 1788. His wife was 
buried at Sowerby in July, 1767, aged 48, and 



the stone also mentions two of their sone, 
buried in the same chapel. 

The REV. JAMES TETLEY, junior, a, 
native of Sowerby, became student at Heek- 
moudwike in 1762. Mr. Phillips lived to the 
age of 84, and before his settlement some 
seceders had joined in founding Steep Lane 
Baptist Chapel. 

The REV. EDMUND BUTCHER, from 
Daventry Academy, came to Sowerby in 1788, 
but after six months' stay he removed to 
London, and in the same year the REV. 
JACOB HARWOOD succeeded. This popular 
minister went to America in 1794, and ttie 
REIV JOSEPH SOWL'EN, of Trevecc* Cui 
iege, took his place in February. Me was ac 
Independent, ministering at Morley from 1781, 
and Booth Chapel, 1788, and in 1800 removed 
to Warrington, thence to Bolton, and lastly 
to Blackburn, where he died in 1822. 

The REV. ELI HOLLINGWORTH, a 
native of Wooldale in Holmfirth, educated at 
Northowram Academy, was minister at Brig- 
house 1790, and came to Sowerby in May, 
1800. He was an ultra-Calvinist, and in many 
respects very eccentric. In 1808 he removed 
into Lancashire to take charge of a school. 

The REV. JAMES HATTON, of Hoxton 
Academy, came to Sowerby in December, 1803, 
and was ordained next year. There is a 
monument to his memory in the chapel. He 
died February 11, 1840, aged 66, having been 
pastor 36 years. Esther, his wife, was buried 
there in August, 1841. 

The REV. JOSEPH BOTTOMLEY, born at 
Saddleworth, November 2, 1806, was educated 
at Airedale College, settled first at Richmond 
in 1837, and in September, 1840, at Sowerby. 
In 1860 a new chapel was commenced. Mr. 
Bottomley died May 19, 1865, and was buried 
at the chapel. 

In December, 1865, the REV. RICHARD 
JOHN SARGENT, educated a,t the Western 
College, Plymouth, who had ministered at 
Bangalore and at Billericay (Essex), came (o 
Sowerby, and remained until July, 1872, when 
he took charge of Ponders End Chapel, Lon- 
don. 

In March, 1873, the REV. MOSES PERRY 
succeeded. He now resides at Whittington 
Moor, Derbyshire (1904), where he settled in 
1889. 

The REV. WILLIAM CUNNOR EVANS, 
trained at Airedale College, after eight years 
ministry ekewhere settled at Sowerby in 1890. 

The Rev. John Hanson, of Takeley in Essex, 
was born July 17, 1782, in Halifax parish, and 
joined the Sowerby Independents under the 
Rev. James Hatton. He became minister at 
Takeley in 1808. In July, 1851, this gentle- 
man, "a rough, unpolished diamond" resigned 
his charge, and died January 23, 1857, and was 
buried near the pulpit in Takeley Chapel. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



107 



SOWERBY BRIDGE INDEPENDENT 
CHAPEL. 

The story of this place 1838 to 1868 is taken 
from a pamphlet, as under: 

" A Brief Memorial of the Independent 
Chapel, West End, Sowerby Bridge, " October, 
1668, twelve pages. Halifax, F. King. Besides 
the history of the Chapel, the origin of which 
\\-;us mooted in October, 1838, and the ground 
purchased soon afterwards from Mr. Robert 
Edlostone, who contributed ,100, resulting in 
the opening of the chapel on June 10th, 1810, 
there are a few dates of ecclesiastical import- 
ance. The '' Brigge Chapel, " episcopalian, 
was built in 1526; in 1632 the walls were rais- 
ed and galleries erected, and the present 
Sowerby Bridge Church was built in 1819 on 
a new site. 

Wesleyan Methodism was preached at Sterne 
Mills in 1780; their finst chapel now a day 
school was built in 1801, and the new chapel 
in 1831. 

The Primitive Methodists started at Goose 
Neist, Norland, in 1821, removed to Waterloo 
Street, Sowerby Bridge, in the same year; the 
present chapel was built in 1838-9, opened 
..lay, 1839. St. George's, or Quarry Hill 
Church was erected in 1840, and the Reform- 
ers' Chaptel, Tuel Lane, in 1852. 

The pamphlet was issued by the REV. 
RITCHIE MOFFETT, who had been trained 
at Rotherham College, and held the Sowerby 
Bridge pastorate from March, 1849, to Christ- 
mas, 1879, when he resigned; and was succeed- 
ed in July, 1881, by the REV. A. K. STOWELL 
of Rotherham College, grandson of Dr. Stowell, 
the College Tutor. The two previous pastors 
were the REV. ROBERT BELL, who had been 
trained at Airedale College, Idle, and was at 
Stainland from 1829 to 1840, Sowerby Bridge 
1840 to 1842, Brighouse (Bridge End), 1812- 
1851, whose name appears in this series of 
articles as an author; and the secdnd Sowerby 
Bridge minister was the REV. HARFORD 
JONES, of Cheshunt College, 1843 to 1847, 
when he retired from the ministry. Mr. Moffett 
died January 9t'h, 1883. The Rev. Arthur 
Knight Stowell's health failed and in March, 
1885, he removed to Newton Park, Leeds, where 
he still remains. 

The REV. JOHN PANDY WILLIAMS, of 
Brecon College, (brother of Mr. Rhondda Wil- 
liams, of Bradford), became minister at 
Llanelly, &c., in 1873, and succeeded Mr. 
Stowell at the Bridge Chapel in 1885. He re- 
moved to Derby in 1889, and has published 
some volumes of sermons. His successor is 
the REV. GEORGE SAMUEL SMITH, of 
Airedale College, which he lerft in 1876, for 
Halifax (Harrison Road). In 1885 he went to 
Gosport, and came to Sowerby Bridge in 1890. 
His works are: 



1879. "The Band of Hope: Ite work and re- 
lation to the Christian Church, " 12p., 8vo. 
pamphlet. 

1898. "In jiemoriam : William Ewart Glad- 
stone, " Sermon (by request). 
1900." Something Real : A Narrative founded 

on fact, " 8vo. tract. 
1891. West End Chapel, Sowerby Bridge, 

Jubilee volume (with portraits). 
1904. Airedale College: Historic Sketch. In 

''Memoirs of Daniel Fraser, M.A., LL.D. " 
Also Editor of Halifax Congregational Maga- 
zine, 1888-4. Halifax Band of Hope fctar, 
1881. Gosport Congregational Magazine, 
1886-8. West End Congregational Church 
Magazine, Sowerby Bridge, 1891-6. Sowerby 
Bridge and District Free Church Magazine, 
1897-1904. 

The REV. REUBEN BRIGGS, M.A., of 
Glasgow University, and the REV. W. MIT- 
CHELL were sent from Sowerby Bridge to 
Airedale College as students. Mr. Briggs is 
now minister at Heckmondwike. 



LXVIII. EASTWOOD CONGREGATIONAL 
MINISTERS. 

xue REV. MATTHEW SMITH, a notice of 
whom hats previously appeared, established 
the* Presbyterian, now Congregational cause 
amongst other places at the Eastwood near 
Cross stone Church, in 1693, and he preached 
at the Great House in Stansfield alternately 
with Mixenden, from 1699; Mr. Wainman (of 
Bingley), Mr. Aldred (of Warley), and Mr. 
Stevenson being also the chief supplies, but 
the first settled minister was the REV. 
JOSHUA CORDINGLEY, 1712, who exchanged 
alternately with the REV. JOHN SMITH, of 
Warley, son ol the founder, Matthew Smith, 
until about 1730. In 1719 the Chapel at Bent- 
head was built; now in cottages. The REV. 
EVAN STOCK, of Warley, alternated with Mr. 
Cordingley for some time before the death of 
the latter in 1734. Mr. Stock and the REV. 
ROBERT EDEX, of Elland, took alternate 
services for some time. He is called William 
Eden in one account, and was not settled at 
Elland before 1738, whereas the Robert Eden 
is given as at Eastwood 1724, and exchanging 
pulpits with Mr. Cordingley for seven years. 
There is evidently a muddle here that needs 
investigation. "" About 1739" THOMAS 
FARRAiR was the minister, and after two 
years and a half removed to Elland. He and 
Mr. Stock, of Warley, alternated, and both 
left their places together in 1742. We come to 
a fixed date 1739, when the REV. ROBERT 
HESKBTH, of Glasgow University, oame from 
Bolton in Lancashire, so Mr. Farrer's date, 
1739, is doubtful. In 1744 Mr. Hesketh re- 
moved to Northowram, and was succeeded at 



108 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Eastwood in the same year by the REV. 
DANIEL PHILLIPS, who had been at Ripley, 
and in H753 removed to Sowerby. All these 
Haiin^ we pass by because they will appear 
again in the parish notices. In 1754 the REV. 
MICHAJBL MAURICE came to Eastwood, and 
in 1770 removed to Pudsey, where he died 
three years later. He was ancestor of the 
celebrated Professor F. D. Maurice. In 1771, 
a third Welshman, from Carmarthen Academy, 
the REV. DAVID LEWIS was minister, and 
removed to Peniston in 1777, when the REV. 
THOMAS ROBERTS succeeded, but died at 
Eastwood, July 4, 1779, and was followed by 
the REV. DAlVID SIMPSON, a Scotchman, 
from Newcastle, who was a supposed Arian, 
and was driven out. He removed to Hoi- 
combe, Lancashire. In 1784 the REV. EVAN 
MATTHlAte succeeded to the disturbed con- 
gregation, and in 1786 retired to Newcombe, 
Lancashire. The REV. WILLIAM MAINE 
came in 1787 and next year vanished to Hoi- 
combe. The REV. THOMAS JEREMY, after- 
wards of Uxbridge, was here a few months 
before the REV. THOMAS FORDYCE came 
in 1789, but his high pulpit qualifications did 
not serve long. In 1791 he was at Stand, Lan- 
cashire. Next year the REV. JAMES 
HENDERSON, of Edinburgh University, a 
diligent pastor, settled, and dying on August 
26th, 1804, at Eastwood, left a church with 
four members. This century of turmoil is 
probably unique in local denominational his- 
tory. The Rev. Joseph Cockin, of Halifax, 
oame to the rescue by sending students from 
Idle Academy, one of whom, the REV. JAMES 
SCOTT, became the minister in 1807, and the 
cause bega-n to flourish, and a new chapel was 
built (still remaining as four cottages). In 
1814 he removed to Cleckheaton, where he died 
in 1852. After three years' interval, the REV. 
ROBERT ALLATT, of Rotherham College, 
came to Eastwood in 1817, and before his re- 
moval to Manchester in 1819, the cause was 
again completely wrecked. Mr. AJlatt died in 
1834 at Walsall. In January, 1822, the REV. 
AMOS BLACKBURN became the minister, 
and prosperity returned, and a new chapel 
was built in 1840. In 1863 he was chamnaii 
of the West Riding Congregational Union. 
On January 28, 1864, he was killed at the rail- 
way crossing near the chapel and station. 

I have three pamphlets referring to Mr. 
Blackburn, namely, a tract about four inches 
long, entitled " Piety at Home. A Sermon 
preached in Ebenezer Chapel, Calderbrook, 
July 25th, 1847, on occasion of the Death of 
Mrs. Calvert, wife of the Rev. Daniel Calvert, 
by A. Blackburn. " Todmorden, Walton, 
1847, 36 pages. (Mrs. Calvert was the daughter 
of Ambrose Patchett, of Warley, a worshipper 
at Mixenden Chapel.) Also a ''Funeral Ser- 
mon on the Death of the Rev. William Vint, 



of Idle." Printed at Idle in 1834. 

The other pamphlet, 24 pages, crown octavo, 
was printed (i-n 1864) by R. Chambers, Tod- 
morden, price twopence, its title being 
" Memoir of the late lamented Rev. Amos 
Blackburn, Congregational Minister at East- 
wood, Todmorden, containing a History of the 
Church at Eastwood, and other churches he 
has been instrumental in establishing; Remini- 
scences of his personal Friends; and the beet 
extracts from the Funeral Sermons preached 
on t)he occasion of his death by the Revs. J. 
Parsons, of York, and D. Jones, of Booth. " 
He was born at Pinebury Hill, Southowram, 
July 14th, 1800, but the family early removed 
to Northowram village. He and his six 
brothers and three sisters were frequently seen 
at the grandmother's, Mally Blackburn, Slead- 
syke, who was mobher of seven sons. Amos 
wias taken by William Knight, solicitor, (son 
of the Halifax vicar, and afterwards a clergy- 
man)) into his office, and attended Trinity 
Church in the forenoon of Sundays, and Square 
Chapel in the afternoons; and schoolmaster 
G-reenwood's night school at stated opportuni- 
ties. At sixteen curiosity led him to tramp to 
Idle to see the Academy, and soon after Mr. 
Cockin recommended him as a student to Mr. 
Vint. The Vicar of Halifax pressed him to 
enter the established ministry, but he joined 
Idle A,cademy on trial February 2nd, 1818, and 
on March 8th preached his first student's ser- 
mon in Idle Chapel. In one year fifteen of 
the students walked 17,000 miles to their preach- 
ing engagements. Two of them (Mr. Blackburn 
being one,) were overpowered by a storm of 
wind and rain when crossing the Moor to 
Pateley-bridge, and lay exhausted on the 
ground for a long time. He preached nearly 
fifty times during the first three months 
(March May), and travelled for that purpose 
560 miles. Mr. Blackburn married Hannah, 
daughter of Mr. John Horsfall, of Underbank, 
near Horsfall and Cross-stone Church, but she 
died in August, 1837, in her 27th year, leaving 
an only child, who became the wife of the RPV.. 
J. Wilde. Mr. Blackburn was highly esteemed 
by the Rev. John Fennell, vicar of Cross-stone 
the kinsman (by marriage') of Mrs. Patrick 
Bronte. MR. ABRAHAM PICKLES entered 
Airedale College from Eastwood, and became 
minister at Thirsk, and chaplain at Hunslet 
Cemetery. 

The REV. JAMES READ was born in Wilt- 
shire, and was educated at Western College, 
Plymouth. In 1851 he was at Axminster 
Chapel, in 1854 at Atherston, in 1866 at East- 
wood, and retired in 1884. He died at Liglit- 
cliffe November 4th, 1893, aged 74. 

The REV. JOHN WILSON in 1885 succeeded. 
He had been at Staithes in 1872, Clayton Wer-t 
in 1876, and still holds Eastwood pastorate. 
He left Nottingham College in 1872. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHOBS. 



109 



LXIX. ELL AND. 

In 1689 the REV. JOHN LISTER was or- 
dained by Heywood and others at Alverthorpe, 
and ministered lit Blland in that year, tor 
the request to have the house of John Brooke- 
bank at Ellnml licensed for preaching services 
was signed by Brooksbank and John Lister in 
July. 1689, two months before his ordination, 
ami he seems also to have ministered to the 
Lidget congregation, near Holmfirth, for a 
short time by mutual exchanges. Before 1699 
he had removed to Tingley (otherwise Top- 
cliffe, or Woodkirk.) where he died April llth, 
1707, and was buried in the graveyard still 
to be seen in private grounds there. JOHN 
BROOKSBANK was a member of Hey wood's 
church at Northowram, and a man of extra- 
ordinary piety and usefulness. He died in 
September, 1715. The eccentric bookseller of 
London, John Dunton, gives a glowing pane- 
gyric on Mrs. Bathshua Brooksba.nk, of E.laml, 
"She is of a good mien and presence; but 
which is much more of a noble genius and 
elevation of mind and thought above most of 
her sex. Her natural parts, which are extra- 
ordinary, being so greatly improved by her di- 
ligence in reading the beet authors doth make 
her a very accomplished gentlewoman. She is 
a great friend to learning, and all laudable and 
pious designs which she will spare no cost to 
promote. She understands a book well, and 
hath her closet richly furnished with a curious 
collection of the best authors, in the ordering 
of which she affects a peculiar neatness, as 
she does in her family affairs and concern- 
ments, &c.,&c.' Joseph Brooksbank, of Lon- 
don, endowed the chapel of the Nonconfor- 
mists here, and the Free School. A funeral 
sermon for him was published by the Rev. T. 
Dickenson, of Northowram, with a preface by 
the Rev. N. Priestley, of Halifax. Brooke- 
bank, author of a folio book, 1660, entitled 
"The well-tuned Organ, Ac.," is said to have 
been an ancestor of the Elland gentleman. 

The REV. JEREMIAH BAIRSTOW settled 
at Elland in 1669. He died in 1731, aged 61, 
and was buried in Blland churchyard. A 
gravestone bore a Latin inscription to his 
memory, which was composed by his successor, 
from which we learn that ''he was a truly 
venerable man, if the science of letters, probi- 
ty of manners, and sanctity of life have any 
claim to that character." He was married to 
Widow Clay, of Northowram, at Coley, in 
1721. His successor was the REV. HANANIAH 
HLSTON, M.A., eon of the Rev. Thomas Els- 
ton, of Topcliffe, and of Chesterfield. He came 
from Malton (where he had married Lydia 
Rollings), to Elland in 1731, and died at Elland 
in 1738. His gravestone is near Mr. Bairstow's 
and the inscription in Latin was composed by 
MR. TKOWTHER, a member of the Elland 



Nonconformist Chapel, who conformed and 
became vicar of Otley. Mr. Crowther wae a 
dissenting minister for some time probably. 
The REV. GEORGE BRAITHWAITE, educa- 
ted at Kendal under Dr. Rotherham, was min- 
ister at Eiland about 1740, but conformed, and 
was curate at Rastrick, as well as chaplain to 
Sir Geo. Sa,vile in Notts. In 1742, the REV. 
THOMAS FARRAR, a member of the FarraPB, 
of Elland Park, came here from Eastwood 
Chapel, but died in 1745, and was buried in 
the Elland Cha-pel. The REV. WILLIAM 
EDEN succeeded in 1745, preaching here and 
at Eastwood alternately. Some confusion in 
his name (Robert), and in dates appears in our 
Eastwood sketch. The death of his only eon 
(perhaps this was the Robert ..don) led him. 
to relinquish his charge in October, 1770. The 
REV. JOHN HOUGHTON was the next minis- 
ter at Blland. He was educated under Dr. 
Doddridge, and at Glasgow, and before settling 
at Elland, May, 1771, he was at Platt, Hyde, 
and Nantwich successively. In 1782 he re- 
moved to Wem, and afterwards followed his 
son Pendlebury to Norwich, where he died in 
1800. He was author of an English Grammar, 
which he used in his school at Nantwich, and 
he published "The Sacrifice of the Mass," by 
Henry Pendlebury, who was a relative of his- 
first wife. I have a pamphlet by Pendlebury 
Houghton, 19 pages, 1822; a funeral sermon on 
Saml. Reid, Liverpool. It notices two other 
published sermons, 1801, 1810. The REV. THO- 
MAO REES succeeded at Elland in June, 1782, 
and remained until May, 1793, when the REV. 
SAMUEL GIRLE came, but left in 1796. He 
published a volume of sermons at Newcastle 
in 1805. He had had many removals in Lan- 
cashire, &c., before "he closed a wearisome 
pilgrimage" in 1817. 

The REV. JOSIAH TOWNSEND, a Daventry 
student, had settled successively at Leeds, 
Narborough, Rotherham, and Fairfield, before 
coming to Elland in 1796, which he left in 
July, 1819. In September, 1815, the REV. 
JOHN BBATTIE succeeded at Elland, and re- 
mained until 1834, when the REV. THOMAS 
STEWART came and ministered until 1860. 
The REV. JAMES MATTHIAS DIXON was 
tEe last minister at the Southend Chapel. 
1860-1866, and the ministers at the new edifice, 
Christ Church, have been the. REVS. THOMAS 
ROBERT DOBSON, 1866-8; JOHN ELLIS, 
senr., 1868-71; ABEL BUCKLEY, 1874-8 JAMES 
RUDDLE, 1882-4; JAMES TAYLOR, 1897- 
1902; JOHN ELLIS (junior) 1902 to the present, 
but he iwides in Lightcliffe and is missioner 
for the district. Mr. Ruddle is author of a 
tract published by the Unitarian Society, Lon- 
don. He resides at Chorlton, near Manchester. 
I expect to find that several of the fore men- 
tioned ministers have printed sermons, Ac. A 
portrait of the Rev. James Wraith, a native of 



110 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



EilLand, appeared in the "Evangelical Maga- 
zine," 1800. "Christian Triumph," a sermon 
occasioned by the death of the Rev. Jamee 
Wraith, of HJampstead, by the Eev. Jacob 
Snelgar, octavo, Is. 6d. A memoir is inter- 
woven with the closing section of the sermon. 
Mr. Wraith was born at Elland, May 28th, 
1734, but removed when four years old to Mir- 
field, his father's native place. He was educa- 
ted i Mirfield Grammar School, when not en- 
gaged working on a farm. After labouring ae 
a local preacher for fifteen years he became 
minister at Bolton in Lancashire in the Spring 
of 1772. After ten years' services he removed 
to Wolverhampton, and laboured another ten 
years; in both cases evangelizing the neigh- 
bourhood After a few months at Chorley, he 
settled at Hampstead for 21 years, and died 
there May 1st, 1815, aged 80. He was very 
widely known about London. The victims of 
the Mirfield murders by Patrick Reid were of 
this family. 

EILLAND CONGREGATIONAL MINISTERS. 

About 1820 this cause was started in a hired 
room in New-street, with a Sunday school in 
the same place. In August, 1822, the Rev. Ed. 
ward Parsons, Halilfax, assisted by the Rev. 
Samuel Rhodes, of Stainland, Laid the founda- 
tion stone of a new chapel, and the place was 
opened July 9th, 1823. The Rev. JOHN GAR- 
BUTT, from Idle Academy, was the first min- 
ister, 1825, being ordained February 3rd, 
1826; he died April 29th, and was buried m 
the new graveyard, aged 30. The REV. WIL- 
LIAM GOTHARD served for twelve months, 
1829, and removed to Balderstone, and in 1834 
to Knottingley. The REV. WILLIAM HAGUE 
from Rillington, came in June, 1831, and re- 
signed in November, 1832. After five years the 
REV. SAMUEL ODIHE, bom at Wyke, edu- 
cated at Idle Academy, became minister at 
Blland in 1838, removed to Ossett in 1844, 
which he resigned in 1869, and died at Patetey 
Bridge, June 6th, 1879. He was a very 
highly esteemed man (Congregational Year 
Books, 1860, p. 39; 1868, p. 9; 1880, p. 83), and 
was chairman of the West Riding Union in 



The REV. JOHN RHEEDER, a native of 
Whixley, was sent from Leeds to Idle Acade- 
my, became minisiter at Ossett in 1820, removed 
to Hamburgh English Church in 1831, settled 
at Elland January 1st, 1846. On October 31st, 
1854, he left and for a, short time was temporary 
chaplain at Airedale College. He died at his 
son-in-law's, Mr. Potter, Knareeborough, Feb- 
ruary 5th, 1872, aged 79. The REV. JAMES 
" ' "T) w -as the first minister of the new 
chapel. He was born a,t Ipswich in 1814, was 
Baptist minister at Shiffnall, next Indepen- 
dent minister at Thome, near Sheffield, and 



in 1857 settled at Elland. In September, 1863, 
he removed to Market Deeping, and next to 
Billesdon. He died at Leicester, October 1st, 
1873. In September, 1865, the Rev. FRANCIS 
BOLTON, B.A., of Springhill College, began 
his labours and in August, 1872, went to Lan- 
caster. Whilst at Elland he translated from 
the German Delitzch's Commentary on Job 
and the Psalms for Clarke's Theological Libra- 
ry. He was a native of Luton, born May 7th, 
1839. He was a B.A. of London, and was edu- 
catei at Berlin and Leipzig, as well as Spring- 
hill College. He resigned Lancaster chapel in 
1884, and was engaged in secretarial work in 
Birmingham down to 1890, when he removed to 
Brixton, where he was connected with the 
Press agency. In 1897 he retired to Lancaster, 
but died February 19th, 1898, aged 59. 

The Rev. THOMAS PORRITT was the min- 
ister at Elland for twelve years, 1878-1890. He 
afterwards went to Morley. The REV. SCOTT 
COATES, the present minister at EUland came 
in 1892. 

The REV. CHARLES LEACH, (D.D., of 
Ohio), a native of Illingworth, was trained at 
Ranmoor, and ministered in Birmingham from 
1879, at Queen's Park from 1886, and Manches- 
ter from 1897. He is now a,t Harecourt Chapel, 
Canonbury, London. His parents removed 
from Illingworth to Halifax during his in- 
fancy, and when he became of age he resided 
at Elland. After six years residence there he 
entered Rnnmoor Methodist College. His 
works include "Can I know that I am saved?" 
a tract. "Old, yet ever new," lessons from 
Old Testament life, 5s.; "Sermons to working 
men," 4s. 6d. ; "Sunday afternoons with work- 
ing men,' 4s. 6d.; "How I reached the mass- 
es," 2s. 6d.; "Is my Bible true?" 2s. 6d.; 
"Lamps and Lighters; to working men," Is. 
6d. ; ''Old Friends," Is.; "Homeward Bound," 
IB.; "Mothers of the Bible," Is.; "Eomance 
of Religious Begging," Is.; "Labour Move- 
ment," 3d. ; "Knowing Friends in Heaven," 
Is.; "Bethesda Chapel; a Yorkshire dialect 
story," Is. 6d. 



LXX . NORTHOWR.AM. 



The works of the REV. OLIVER HEY- 
WOOD have been mentioned previously. The 
first chapel was built at his own expense most- 
ly and bore his initials O.H. and the date 
1688 on a stone, which is built into the pre- 
sent edifice. He came to Coley in 1650, and 
a/fter his ejection in 1662 continued to preach 
in the neghbourhood. He died May 4, 1702, 
aged 73, and bra9 tablets were erected in 
Halifax parish church (where he was buried), 
and at Northowraon so late as 1902. He was 
succeeded by the REV. THOMAS DICKENSON 
who had been educated at Frankland's 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Ill 



Academy. Mr. Dickenson was ordained at 
Gorton Chapel in May, 1694. He continued, 
after the same style, the Northowram or 
Oliver Heywood's Register, which I have print- 
ed under the title of "Nonconformist Register." 
H* was born neaJ" Manchester in 1669, and 
oame to Northowram in 1702. In 1705 he 
married Hannah Foster, of Oseett, and they 
had twelve children, one of whom was the 
REV. JOSHUA DICKENSON, of Gloucester, 
who died December 10, 1796, aged 69. The 
Northowram minister printed a funeral ser- 
mon on the death of MT. John Brooksbank, 
of Elland, who died September 23, 1716, a copy 
of which is in Bradford Free Library. The 
text was I. Timothy i. 15, and Mr. Nathaniel 
Priestley, of Halifax Chape 1 , added a preface 
of four pages. I have seen manuscript ser- 
mons of his at Braboeuf Manor, Guildford, 
ae recorded in the preface to " Northowram 
Register." MR, THOMAS BRADBURY, the 
great London divine and author, was partly 
educated by Mr. Thomas Dickenson. 

I have a copy of the following book, and let 
the Rev. M. Pearson, of Northowra/m. have a 
similar one : " Sermons on Several Occasions 
by the late Reverend and Learned Thomas 
Whitaker, A.M., pastor to a Church at Leeds 
in Yorkshire, containing A Discourse, &c., 
A Sermon on the Death of Mr. Joseph Lifter, 
A Sermon on the Death of MT. Joshua Sager, 
A Sermon on the Death of Mr. Thomas Elstcn, 
Life of Mr. Jer. Gill, Two Sermons on the 
Funeral of the Rev. Mr. Whitaker by Thomas 
Dickenson, A Memorial of Mr. Whitaker by 
Mr. Jollie, Two Sermons by T. Bradbury. " 
London, printed for John Penrose, bookseller 
in Leeds, 1712, xii., 295 pages, email octavo. 

Mr. Dickenson died in December, 1743, aged 
73, and is buried a,t Northowram. 

The REV. ROBERT HESKETH, born in 
1697, educated at Glasgow, was successively 
minister at Bolton-le-Moors, 1722, Carnforth 
1725, Walmsley, Eastwood (Halifax parish) 
1739, Northowram, April, 1744. He died at 
Northowram January 19, 1774, aged 77, and 
a gravestone still marks the place of his in- 
terment. He was son of the Rev. Robert Hes- 
K-.ii, who had been educated by Frankland 
at Rathmel, and had ministered at Bolton 
from 1696, where hie son was probably born. 
In 1716 the father was minister at Bank New- 
ton, in 1720 at Winterton near Malham, in 
1736 at Tingley, and was buried at Tingley (or 
Morley) in 1751. Two Halifacc ministers are 
buried in the Tingley gro-und, (now private 
garden and fish-pond!), namely the Revs. 
Josiah Holdsworth and Gamaliel Marsden. 

In 1774 the REV. SAMT7FT, WALKFK. 
educated at Heokmondwike Academy from 
1771, succeeded Mr. Hesketh, and was for a 
time very popular. On the death of the Rev. 
Jam8 Scott, in 1783, the Heckmondwike 



students were removed! to Northowram and- 
continued there twelve years, the students 
being : 

Ten who came from Heckmondwike, namely : 
John Toothill, became minister at Rainford, 

died 1839, aged 79. 
Houlton, became minister at Kendal and 

Saffron Walden. 
Timothy Senior, became minister at Elswick. 

(See Fawcett's Miec. Sacra.) 
Wood (declined). 

Kirby, became minister at Creek. 
John Dawson, became minister at Key worth, 

died 1821, aged 63. 

Thos. Whiteley, became minister at Foxholes. 
Thomas Laird, became minister at Keighley, 

Pudsey. 

Plumber, became minister at Whitby. 
Wm. Peel, became minister at Workington, 

died 1648, aged 82. 

Twenty spent the full term at Northowram : 
J. Lyndall, became minister at Bridlington 

and London. 

Wass, died when a student. 
Tomlinson, died when a student. 
* Brettel, became minister at Gainsboro'. 

I* His son, the Rev. Jacob Brettel, Unitarian 
Minister at Rotherham, became a notable 
local poet.] 
Wm. Maurice, became minister at Haslingden 

and Fetter Lane. 

Crowther, became minister at Clare. 
William Vint, became minister at Idle. 
John Hindle, became minister at Haslingden. 
Benjamin Sowden, became minister at Horton 

in Craven. 

Eli Hollingworth, became minister at Brig- 
house. 

Reyner, became minister at Builhouse. 
Benjamin Boothroyd, became minister at 

Ponfcefract, &c. 

James Smith, became minister at Gatley. 
William Stirrett. became minister at Keighley. 
Crowther, became minister at Stockport. 
Samuel Laycock, became minister a.t Bury, 

and Pittsgrove, N.A. 
Jonas Hinchcliffe, became minister at Booth, 

Allerton. 

David Dewhirst, became minister at Keighley. 
Sugden, became minister at Whitby, York. 
Brown, died when a student. 

Four were transferred in 1795 to the care of 
the Rev. William Vint, Idler- 
Thomas Taylor, Ossett and Bradford. 
Charles Ely, Bury, (who bequeathed his library 

to the Academies at Idle and Rotherhnm 

equally). 

Joseph Batley, settled at Marple Bridge. 
Abraham Hudswell, Bingley and Morley. 

I have reason to think that some names 
may have been omitted from this list, for Job 
Wilson, bom at Sowerby in February. 1765, 
entered Northowram Academy in 1794 or 5, 



112 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



and became an eminent minister at Northwich, 
Cheshire, where he was buried after 41 years 
service there, as recorded on the tablet thete. 
He died June 28, 1838. 

Joseph Glendenning entered Airedale Col- 
lege from Northowram. He became minister 
at Greenacres and Knaresborough (1835). 

Mr. Walker resigned the pastorate in 1792, 
ceased to be tutor in 1795, and died next year. 
In 1796 MR. JOHN BATES, the Halifax 
Schoolmaster-author, previously mentioned 
under Mixenden, came to preach but did not 
reside aft Northowram. He returned to Mix- 
eiiden in 1799. He was a native of Bradshaw; 
maintained the post at Mixenden until his 
death April 23, 1816, aged 63. He was buried 
at Halifax South Parade Chapel, but railway 
exigencies led the bodies there to be removed 
to Stony Eoyd Cemetery. 

In March, 1801, the REV. ROBERT HARPER 
succeeded, having been three years minister 
at Shelley. During his seventeen years at 
Northowram the congregation was very un- 
settled and for most of the time the dissenti- 
ents worshipped in a chapel that they built. 
He left in 1818. He removed to Grassington, 
where there is a tablet to his memory, and he 
ministered from 1822 until his death, March 
5, 1829. 

The REV. JOHN WHITE, from Idle Ac- 
ademy, a native of Harden, became the minis- 
ter in 1820; the parties united, and the branch 
chapel was made into a cottage and Bold. In 
1837 the Heywood chapel was built adjoining 
the site of the old one. Mr. White was an 
energetic preacher. Old folks at Brighouse 
called him the steam-preacher, because of his 
great perspiration. A monument at Northow- 
ram records hie death March 10, 1849, aged 61, 
after 29 years' service. His brother Thomas 
was connected with the Day School as master. 
In the same year the REV. GILES HOYLE 
became minister. He was born at Manchester, 
July 15, 1793, was in business in Preston be- 
fore becoming minister at Milnthorpe, 1826, 
Staleybridge 1831, and Ancoajts. He died at 
Northowram October 27, 1861, and the con- 
gregation placed a tablet in the chapel to his 
memory as they had done for Mr. White. 
The REV. JOSEPH HOYLEI, B.A., of Bramley 
Lane, Lightcliffe, was his son. 

In 1862 the REV. JOHN HAGGIS DEEX 
succeeded and ministered until July, 1882. 
He was born at Harwich in 1819, was master 
of Allerton British School in 1844. He mar- 
ried the daughter of the Rev. Thomas Hutton, 
of Allerton. He continued to preach occasion- 
ally, especially at Norwood Green, after re- 
tiring to Hipperholme. He died November 9, 
1894, and was buried at Northowram. His 
successor in February, 1884, was the present 
minister, the REV. MARK PEARSON, pre- 
viously of the Methodist Free Church, who 



has worthily followed Oliver Heywood both 
as evangelist, local historian and free-church- 
man. He has published a worthy record of 
Heywood and Northowram, demy octavo, and 
larger paper copies in quarto: ''Northowram: 
its History aind Antiquities; with a Life of 
Oliver Heywood, and Histories of Heywood 
Chapel, Coley Church, Bell School, Old Halls, 
Residences and Families of Northowram and 
Shibden-Dale, &c., by Mark Pearson. With 
Illustrations and Maps. " Halifax, F. King 
and Sons, Broad-street, 1898, pages xvi., 1-32:?. 
A fire at the printing office has so limited the 
issue of these copies that the octavo volume 
fetches three times the subscription price. 
Mr. Pearson had e/upplied the serials in the 
Hailifax Congregational Magazine, namely 
" Ivy Green, " " Watty Miles, " " Little Eva, " 
''Letting Christmas in," "Ida Grange," and 
"His Sister," but none of these have had a 
separate issue. He haa in connection with the 
Halifax Antiquarian Society issued two pamph- 
lets, "Northowram O'ld Halls," 16 pages, oc- 
tavo; aoid "Over Shibden," a separate excerpt 
but paged 53 to 68. 

The first-named deals more largely with 
Hipperholme than Northowra.m ; Westercroit 
being the only Northowram homestead, while 
Cinderhills and Coley Hall are in Hipperholme. 
''Over Shibden" treats of Hazlehurst, Hang- 
ingroyd and Upper Shibden Hall. 

The REV. THOMAS HUTTON, of North- 
owram, was born at Eccleshill in 1794. His 
mother died when he was fourteen, and from 
that time he, like his parents, became a mem- 
ber at Horton Lane Chapel, Bradford. Be 
was trained at Idle Academy from 1813, but 
began to preach occasionally in 1812. He was 
minister at Pocklington for ten years, and 
then at Allerton for thirty yep,rs. He estab- 
lished the Allerton British School in 1845. He 
retired from the ministry at Allerton in 1857. 
The Rev. J. H. Deex, who had been master of 
the school at Allerton, married his daughter, 
which accounts for his removal to Stone 
Lodge, Northowram. He died in 1871, aged 
77. I have a pamphlet memorial of him. 



LXXL BRAMLEY LANE CHAPEL, NOW 

LIGHTCLIFFE CONGREGATIONAL 

CHURCH. 

The Rev. Jonathan Wright, a native of 
Hipperholme, was son of Jos. Wright, who 
got his house licensed for preaching in 1694. 
The house still exists in the fold behind the 
capacious Langley house at Thornhill, Hip- 
perholme. Jonathan, born in 1659, entered 
Frankland's Academy in April, 1680, and for 
a time preached at Idle and Horton. He was 
ordained in 1694. He settled at Hove Edge 
soon afterwards and had a fixed congregation 



HAMFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



11$ 



there (.called in the list, Lightcliffe) in 1715. 
He was never curate of Lightcliffe as errone- 
ously stated in Watson's list of Lightciiffe in- 
cumbents. On November 20, 1700, he married 
Dorothy, widow of the Kev. W. Courla*s, rec- 
tor of Marston, and daughter of Bryan Dixon, 
of Hunslet. Thoresby says: "Her memory was 
extraordinary." She could bring home the 
greatest part of a sermon she had heard, as 
well as if it had been written in shorthand. 
This recommended her, it seems, greatly to 
ministers, by whom she was much sought 
at, or. .Mr. Wright died in 1727, and I remem- 
ber seeing and copying the gravestone in Hali- 
fax Churchyard that recorded the burials of 
Jonathan and Dorothy Wright. The Hove 
Edge or Lightcliffe congregation did not con- 
tinue after Mr. Wright's death. 

A number of Primitive Methodists had 
erected a chapel at Bramley Lane in 1823, and 
being unable to wield this "Mount Zion 
Chapel" it was after some time sold to Mr. 
John Holland, of Slead Syke, and Mr. Samuel 
Hodgson, of Halifax, brothers-in-law, who 
made a trust deed for the Independents, and 
for some years the place was supplied by 
students from Idle. In 1830 the REV. AN- 
DREW SHAWYER, who had ministered at 
Rugeley, 1811, and at Bilston, was appointed 
minister, and held the post nearly ten years, 
serving at Sion Chapel, Halifax, in the after- 
noons, part of the time. His son, ANDREW 
FIELDEN SHAWYEK entered Rotherham 
College in that year, 1830, and was minister 
at Pateley Bridge, Delph, etc., and died at 
Keswick in 1868. 

For about a year the chapel was closed be- 
fore the REV. HANLEY PICKERSGILL suc- 
ceeded in 1841. The West Riding Home Mis- 
sionary Society aided in the resuscitation. 
Mr. Pickersgill was a native of Keighley, born 
in 1815, city missionary in Manchester two 
years, and came to Bramley Lane in May, 
1841, but was not ordained until July, 1844, 
after being nine months at Rish worth * In 
1847 he was at Marsden, in 1860 at Wrexhaiu 
in 1865 at Tunstall (Staffordshire). In 1874 
he retired to Millthorpe, Westmorland, but 
some year s later came to Lightcliffe where he 
died in 1903. He printed one or two poems. 
His daughter, who resides in Southowram, 
states that he also issued several political and 
temperance pamphlets. 

In 1844 the REV. GEORGE SWANN, born 
at Barton near Barneley, in 1798, educated at 
Rotherham College, ministered at Market Bos- 
worth, Bishop Auckland, Stokesley, Attercliffe 
and Settle before coming to Bramley Lane. 
Assisted by Mr. Titus Salt the cause began 
to prosper. He removed to Workeop, and then 
to Stafford where he died Aug. 26. 1683, aged 84. 

The REV. EDWAHD G. CECIL, from High- 
bury College, succeeded, but his stay was 



short. In 1854 he became assistant at Surrey 
Chapel, London, and removed to Pembury 
in Kent before 1865, when I attended "New- 
man Hall's." 

In 1855 the REV. JOSEPH HOYLE, B.A., 
of Airedale College, son of the Rev. Giles 
Hoyle, of Northowram, came here from Picner- 
ing, where he had been for five years. In 
January, 1863, he removed to Staindrop. In 
1864 the REV. JOHN THOMSON, of Edin- 
burgh and Glasgow Universities, came to 
Bramley Lane from Beaminster. He was a* 
native of Dumfries-shire, and his first pastor, 
ate was at Aberdeen (1853-1861). Several rich 
families came to reside at Lightcliffe, and a 
new church was built in 1870 and 1871, Sir 
Titus Salt's family being the main contribu- 
tors. The REV. DR. CAMPBELL, of 
Bradford, resided at Lightcliffe some years, 
as did the REV. HENRY BROWN CREAK, 
M.A., a Tutor in Airedale College before Mr. 
Thomson came. Mr. Creak was buried at 
Bramley Lane, February, 1864, aged 42. He 
translated Olshausen's Commentary on the 
Gospe-ls for the Clark series. The new Church 
was opened October 18, 1871, by notable 
preachers Binney, Newman Hall, Dr. Guth- 
rie, James Parsons, etc., and Dr. Robert 
Moffatt's visit afterwards will be ever treasur- 
ed as a red-letter day. Dr. Livingstone also 
visited Crow Nest before this time. Sir Titus 
Salt died December 29, 1876, and was buried 
at Saltaire. A popular day-school had been 
established before 1850, the first master, George- 
Barber, being buried at Bramley Lane. From 
1868 it had been under the British School 
system. There was a newspaper quarrel about 
its management, and a pamphlet in the Hali- 
fax Free Library, printed in 1880, bears the 
title, "Reply to the Bramley Lane British. 
School Committee, December 29, 1879." In 
1880 Mr. Thomson removed to Eldad Congre- 
gational Church, Guernsey, where he died of 
heart disease, March 3, 1885. The REV. 
SAMUEL PEARSON, from Lancashire Col- 
lege, succeeded Mr. Thomson. He was ordain- 
ed November 3, 1881, and in 1892 removed to 
Tynemouth. The REV. JOHN HILTON 
STOWELL, M.A., Glasgow and Oxon, was at 
Barry, 1890, Lightcliffe 1893, Stroud Green 
1898 and Aylesbury in 1901. 

Mr. Hilton Stowell published "A Short 
Catechism for Use in Congregational Sunday 
Schools," with preface by A. M. Fairburn, 
D.D., revised and improved. London, 1898, 
3rd edition, 24 pages, 24mo. 

"The Soul's Achievements," sermons, 1904, 
price half-crown. 

The REV. HAROLD STOREY, B.A., Caiuu 
Coll, Cambridge, was at Dogley Lane, near 
Fenay Bridge, 1895, and came to Lightcliffe in 
1900. He has published a political pamphlet 
that I know of. 



114 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



LXXII. BRIGHOUSE INDEPENDENCY. 

INDEPENDENCY AT BRIGHOUSE; 

BRIDGE END CHAPE'L PASTORS AND 

PEOPLE. 

(By J. Horrfall Turner.) 

Brighouse, J. S. Jowett, 1878, four illustrations, 
crown octavo, 136 pages. 

The ministers at Bridge Emd have been the 
REV. NATHANIEL SCHOLEFIElLD, who was 
trained at Heckmondwike Academy, settled 
here for a very short time, was ordained at 
Henley on Thames in August, 1786, where his 
son, Professor James Scholefield, Trinity Col- 
lege, Cambridge, Canon of Ely, was born. I 
have the Life of the Professor by his widow ; 
also "Sermon Notes," but his works do not 
come within our list. In 1806, Mr. Nathaniel 
removed to Oldham, and subsequently to 
Over in Cheshire, where he died in 1820, aged 
8. 

The REIV. ROBERT SMITH was the second 
Bridge End minister. He tad been trained 
at Heckmondwike, and settled at Leek before 
1797. In 1807 he removed to Nantwich. He 
died there March 20, 1822, aged 73. The REV. 
JOHN MESLDRUM came from Malton to 
Bridge End in 1785, and removed next year 
to Haitherlow in Cheshire, where he remained 
twenty-eight years. In 1796 he published an 
octavo volume entitled "The State of Religion, 
a Call for Humiliation/' In 1807, he publish- 
ed "The Incarnation of the Son of God Il- 
lustrated : In three parts, (li) The Necessity of 
it established; (2) The Reality of it proved; 
<3) The Blessings of it exhibited. By John 
Meldrum. London, 1807, two volumes, demy 
octavo. Vol. I., pages xvii., 365; vol. II., 
pages viii., 343. The preface is dated Hather- 
low, March, 1807. The books were printed at 
Newport, in the Isle oif Wight. The Sub- 
scribers' List takes fourteen pages, amongst 
whom are Revs. Dr. Boothroyd, Joseph & John 
Oockin, John Calvert, John Hanson (Stain- 
land), T. Hawkins, Rev. Henry Horsfall 
{GomerBall), Mr. Benjamin Morton (Brighouse) 
Rev. Wm. Northend (Brighouse), Rev. Joseph 
Sowden (Bolton), Mr. Daniel Sharp (Brighouse), 
Dan Taylor (London, six copies), and a few 
others from Halifax parish. 

At the end is an advertisement of ''The 
State of Religion," octavo, price 3s., and "The 
<}are of Providence over Life, and the Sin of 
destroying it," price 6d., both by Mr. Mel- 
drum. The latter is against murder; octavo, 
Manchester, 1790. I have a couple of copies 
of "The Incarnation." The manuscript of 
this work was given to Mr. Crisp, of Bridge 
End, as also of three sermons by Mr. Meldrum, 
one of which has been given to me, and is 
printed in the Bridge End history. Mr. 
Meldrum died April 5. 1814, aged 64. 



The REV. SAMUEIL LOWELL became min- 
ister at Bridge End in 1786, when the church 
was re-formed (the 1780 attempt failed). Mr. 
Lowell was a convert under Joseph Cocam, 
and named his third son after him. He was 
at Stainland in 1781. In 1789 he removed to 
Woodbridge, in Suffolk, and ten years later to 
Bristol, where he died November 19, 1823, 
aged 64. Of his works I have: "Sermons on 
Evangelical and Practical Subjects, designed 
chiefly for the use of Families. By Samuel 
Lowell." Bristol, 1801; demy octavo, pages 
vii., 396 pages. Two good engraved portraits 
have been inserted in my copy, first and best 
"The Late Rev. Samuel Lowell, Bristol," pub- 
lished in 1824 for the Home Missionary Society, 
T. Wageman, del., R. Woodman, sculp., the 
second painted and engraved by N. Branwhite. 
Portraits are in the Elvrangelical Magazine, 
1794, and New Evangelical Magazine, 1815, and 
there was a life-size portrait of him by Holi- 
day. In 180*2 he published a discourse entitled 
"The Blessings of Peace," preached on the 
Thanksgiving Day, and in the same year, 
''Early Piety recommended from the Example 
of Josiah." In 1813 he printed "The Christ- 
ian Soldier/' a sermon addressed to five 
hundred Scotch soldiers. 

The Folly and Evil Tendency of Supersti- 
tion exposed; a sermon by Samuel Lowell, 43 
pages, octavo, 1795. on "Consecration of regi- 
mental flags, &c." 

Nature and Importance of Resignation, on 
the death of Mrs. Sizer, by S. Lowell, 1797, 9d. 

Four Sermons for Missionary Society, (Lon- 
don, May Meetings, by S. Lowell, and three 
others). 

Papers by Geo. Griffiths, of Bristol, with 
Memoir and Funeral Sermon by S. Lowell. 
12mo., 144 pp., 2s. 6d. 

He published in 1816 a sermon on the death 
of Mr. Richard Reynolds, with memoir, on 
whom Montgomery has a poem, the sermon 
bearing the title ''The Loss of Righteous and 
Merciful Men lamented and improved." After 
M!r. Lowell's death a book on "Reasons for Dis- 
sent," a discourse on the ordination of Rev. J. 
Woolridge, was issued 1823. A memoir appears 
in the Evangelical Magazine, February, 1824, 
and further information in Caston's Bristol. 

The REV. ELI HOLLINGWORTH, from 
Northowram Academy, a native of Holmfirth 
was at Bridge End in, if not before, 1790. In 
1800 he removed to Sowerby, and thence in 
1803 to keep a ( school in Lancashire. 

The REV. WM. NORTHEND, born 1747, a 
native of Landimere in Northowram, became 
a student at Heckmondwike. He had been 
apprenticed to a tradesman at Armley, and 
was recommended by the Rev. John Edwards, 
of Leeds, to the Southfield Aoademy, Heck- 
mondwike, under the Rev. James Scott. He 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



115 



thence went to Bridlington to succeed Mr. 
Smith, the aged minister, in May, 1777. Mr. 
Grimshaw, of South Cave, Mr. WaJker, of 
Northowram, Mr. Gill, of Swanland, Mr. Bot- 
tomley, of Scarborough, and Mr. Lambert, of 
Hull, took part in the ordination services. 
Before this period Mr. Northend had married 
Elizabeth, fourth daughter of the Rev. Robert 
Hesketh, Northowram. About 1789 Mr. North- 
end removed to Welford, in Northants, and 
shortly afterwards to Nayland in Suffolk, 
where hi wife died in October, 1789. In 1792 
he married Miss Stammers, of Nayland; in 
1795 they removed to Haslingden, but two years 
later he received a call to Brighouse, where 
he "laboured with diligence and fidelity" (so 
says the memoir in the Evangelical Magazine, 
November, 1821), until June, 1810, after which 
he only preached occasionally. For the last 
four years of his life he was troubled with 
fits of syncope, which deprived him of his 
memory. In these years he wae eminently 
devout. He died April 9th, 1821, at the house 
of hie son-in-law, Mr. Darnsfield, at Slaith- 
waite. He wae interred at Northowram Chapel, 
when Mr. White officiated. Nearly two thous- 
and people attended the funeral sermon at 
Slaithwaite, when Mr. Walter preached, and 
the Rev. Joseph Cockin preached another at 
Northowram. He left a son and a daughter, 
besides a widow. The memoir is signed by 
J.B., and evidently any eccentricity and ultra- 
calvinistic peculiarities aje generously over- 
looked.. 

He had preached at Bridge End in 1781 as 
a supply, and in 1797 (or!800) succeeded to 
Bridge End pastorate, and to eke out a living 
kept a schol at the Chapel-house, where John 
Cockin was for a time a pupil. Mr. Northend 
was 'bought out' in 1810; he died April 9th. 
1821, aged 75, and was buried at Northowram, 
(but one account erroneously states that he 
died at Bridlington). 

JOSEPH HEMAS CRISP was invited in 
1810, and in 1812 came from Idle College to 
take charge. He retired in 1842, and in 1845 
removed to Ashby-de-la-Zouch, where he died 
January 12, 1869, aged 86. About 500 of Mr. 
Crisp's sermons in short-hand were sent to 
me, one of which appears in the Bridge End 
history. 

The REV. ROBERT BELL, of Airedale Col- 
lege, settled tiret at Stainland in 1829, and 
whilst there published with Mr. Joseph Cockin 
Hoatson (grandson of the Rev. Joseph Cockin), 
a supplement to the Watts' Psalms and 
Hymns; Halifax. Whitley and Booth, 1834. 
In 1840 Mr. Bell removed to Sowerby Bridge, 
and in December, 1842, to Brighouse. Tho 
copy of a printed preachers' plan, 1845, is re- 
produced in the Chapel history. In the same 
year he published: 



COMFORT FOR THE DYING CHRISTIAN. 

A Sermon occasioned by the Death of 
JOHN HOLLAND, ESQ., of Slead House, 
near Halifax, preached in Bridge End Chapel, 
Rastrick, on Lord's Day, October 12th, 1815, 
by Robert Bell. Published by request. Hali- 
fax, H. Martin, Upper George Yard, 1845; 
sold by W. Birtwhistle, Halifax, E. S. Keir, 
Brighouse; 12mo., 28 pages. Mr. Holland's 
family had lived at Broad Oak and Slead 
Syke several generations. Mrs! Holland wag 
sister to Mr. Samuel Hodgson, of the Bowers, 
Halifax. The pamphlet is exceedingly rare, 
so I reprinted it in the Bridge End volume. 
Mr. Bell resigned Bridge End in 1851, and re- 
tired to Salterforth in Craven, but died at 
his son's residence in Huddersfield, on Decem- 
ber 12, 1869, aged 63. 

The REV. ROBERT HARLEY, F.R.A.S., 
(afterwards F.R.S., and M.A. of Oxford), suc- 
ceeded at Bridge End in August, 1854, but had 
remained at Airedale College a year after his 
call. His publications include, A Discourse, 
December 29th, 1861, on the Death of the 
Prince Consort. Brighouse, J. Yates, ''Chron- 
icle" Office, 1862, 15 pages, crown octa,vo. 

Bicentenary Commemoration, August, 1862, 
two sermons, The Nonconformists in Nebu- 
.chadnezzair's time, and the Nonconformists 
of Charles II. 's time, a parallel in principle, 
conduct and results." 

"George Boole, F.R.S., an Essay, Biographic- 
al and Expository," (From the British Quar- 
terly Review, July, 1866,) 43 pages, demy 
octavo. 

"The Stanhope Demonstrator, an Instrument 
for Performing Logical Operations," by Rev. 
Robert Harley, F.R.S., F.R.A.S., Vice-master 
of Mill Hill School, formerly Prof, of Math, 
and Logic in Airedale College. (Reprinted 
from 'Mind,' 1879, 21 pages, demy octavo.) 

He resigned Bridge End in February, 1868, 
and removed to Leicester, 1868. thence to Mill 
Hill, London, 1872, Oxford, 1886, Heath near 
Halifax in 1892; London (Forest Hill), 1894. 
An engra/ved portrait of him appeared in the 
Evangelical Magazine, 1880. 

LIST OF PAPERS BY MR. HARLEY. 

30 pp., 1860. Demy 8vo. On the Method of 
Symmetric Products, and on certain Circular 
Functions connected with that Method. Phil- 
osophical Transactions. 1861. 

24 pp., 1862. On the Theory of the Transcend- 
ental Solution of Equations. Castle Hill, 
Brighouse, May, 1862. 

19 15 pp., 18601662. Two papers on the 
Theory of Quintios. Dated Castle Hill, 
Brighouse. 

*12pp., 1863. A Contribution to the History 
of the Problem of the Reduction of the Genera! 
Equation of the Fifth Degree to the Trinomial 
Form. 



116 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



16 pp., 1864. On Certain Class of Linear 
Differential Equations. 

vi. pp., 1867. George Boole. Obit. Notice. 
Royal Society. 

5 pp., 1873. On the Theory of Differential 
Resolvents. 

4 pp., 1878. On Certain Linear Differential 
Equations. 

6 pp., 1878. Addendum to Mr. Robert Raw- 
son's Pa>per on Differential Resolvents. 

10 pp., September, 1881. "Biograph" Article 
by Editor on Rev. Robert Harley. 

2 pp., 1881. Note on a Differential Equation. 

6 pp., 1881. Supplementary Notes on Same. 
24 pp., 1881. Application for post of prin- 
cipal, Firth College, Sheffield, testimonials. 

3 pp., 1882. Letter to some Old Hill Boys. 
14 pp., 1884. Professor Malet's Classes of 

Invariants identified. 

6pp., 1886. On the Explicit Form of the 
Complete Cubic Differential Resolvent. 

7 pp., 1887. On the Umbra] Notation. 

3 pp., 1688. On the General Quartine, or the 
Incriticoid of the Fourth Degree. 

4 pp., 1890. On the Stanhope Logical and 
Arithmetical Machines. 

1891. Lecture on the Power of an Idea. 
(Broad-sheet, 3 columns, reprinted from the 
"Brighouse News." 

11 pages, 1892. On the Interchange of Two 
Differential Resolvents. 

1893. Sermon on the Sublimity of Astron- 
omical Research. (6 columns, reprinted on 
folio-sheet from ''Brighouse News.") 

13 pp., 1895. Sir James Cockle, M.A..F.R.S. 
Manchester Memoirs. 

Fly-sheet, 1895. Lecture on the Moon. (5 
columns from "Brighouse News.") 

10 pp. and plate portrait, 1896. Sir James 
Cockle, M.A..F.R.S. Royal Society Obituary 
Notice. 

1904. The Biographical Press Agency. Article 
on Rev. Robert Harley by Editor. Private. 

1904. May No. of Temperance Record. Pp., 
197202. Temperance in the Colleges. 

CATALOGUE OF SCIENTIFIC PAPERS, 

Royal Society, by the Rev. Robert Harley, 
F.R.S. 18001863. Vol. x. P., 189. 

On impossible and certain other surd equa- 
tions. Manchester, Phil. Soc. Mem. ix., 1851, 
pp. 207235. 

2. On the theory of quintics. Quart. Jour. 
Math, iii., 1860, pp. 343359. 

3. On the method of symmetric products, 
and its application to the finite algebraic 
solution of equations. (1859.) Manchester, 
Phil. Soc. Mem. xv., 1860, pp. 172219. 

4. On the theory of the transcendental solu- 
tion of algebraic equations. Manchester, Phil. 
Soc. Proc. ii., 1860-62, pp. 181-184, 199201, 

237240; Quar. Jour. Math, v., 1862. pp. 
337360. 



5. On the method of symmetric products, 
and on certain circular functions connected 
with that method, (i860.) Roy. Soc. Proc. x., 
1860-62, pp. 43-*44; Phil Trans. 1661, pp. 327 
356. 

6. On a certain class of linear differential 
equations. Brit. Assoc. Rep. 1862 (pt. 2), pp. 
4 5; Manchester, Phil. Soc. Proc. iii., 1862*- 
63, pp. 1114; Manchester, Phil. Soc. Mem. ii., 
1865, pp. 232245. 

7. On the theory of quintics. (Part 2.) 
Quar. Jour, v., 1862, pp. 248260. 

8. On Brimgs' reduction of the equation of 
the fifth degree to a trinomical form. Man- 
chester, Phil. Soc. Proc. iii., 1862-63, pp. 6971. 

9. On recent researches on the theory of 
equations. Manchester, Phil. Soc. Proc. iii., 
1862-63, pp. 173177. 

10. A contribution to the history of the 
problem of the reduction of the general equa- 
tion of the fifth degree to a trinomial -form. 
Quar. Jour. Math vi., 1863, pp. 38 45. Royal 
Society Catalogue of Scientific Papers. 1874- 
83. Vol. vii., p. 909. 

11. On the theory of differential resolvents. 
Brit. Assoc. Rep. xxxv., 1865 (Sect.), p. 6; 
xxxvi., 18<5 (Sect.), pp. 23; xliii., 1873 (Beet.), 
pp. 17 21i; London, Math. Soc. Prac. i., 1866, 
No. 4. 

12. Remarks on Boole's mathematical analysis 
of logic. Brit. Assoc. Rep. xxxvi., 1866 (Sect.), 
pp. 36. 

13. On the Rev. T. P. KIRKMAN'S method 
of resolving algebraic equations. (1868.) Man- 
chester, Lit. Phi. Soc. Proc. viii., 1869, pp. 
420. 

14. On Boole's "Laws of Thought. Brit. 
Assoc. Rep. XL., 1870 (Sect.), pp. 1415. 
Royal Society Catalogue of Scientific Papers, 

187483. Vol. x. P. 143. 

16. Addendum (to the paper by R. RAWSON, 
on a new method of determining the differ- 
ential resolvents of algebraic equations). (1878.) 
London Math. Soc. Proc. 9 (1877-78), pp. 216 
221. 

Royal Society Catalogue of Scientific Papers. 
1874-83. Vol. x. P. 143. 

16. On certain linear differential equations. 
Brit. Assoc. Rep., 1878, pp. 466468. 
Journ. Math., 17, 1831, pp. 352353; 18, 1882, 

17. Note on a differential equation. Quar. 
Jour., 1881, pp. 3523; 1882. pp. 4142. 

Other papers appear in subsequent volumes. 

The REV. JOHN BROWN LISTER, a Roth- 
erham Student and Skipton native, becttme 
minister at Northallerton 1849, lewisham 1852, 
and whilst there published a book for the 
young entitled "Success in Life," then removed 
to Blackburn, and in January, 1869, to Bridge 
End. He removed to Kensington in 1874. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



117 



The REV. ANGUS G.U.BRAITH came from 
Whitehaven in January, 1877, to Bridge End, 
and remained until (about 1900), and was suc- 
ceeded by the REV. E. JOHNSON SAXTON, of 
Barnsley, in 1901. 

Tlie REV. JAMES WILLIAM ROSE, of the 
United College, Bradford, became minister at 
the branch chapel at Waring Green, 1896. 
The REV. J. R. HILL preceded him. and the 
present minister is the REV. G. P. BROWN. 
1904. 



LXXIII. T. B. CHAMBERS. 

Although Mr. Isaac Heaton published the 
following pamphlet (IB pages), it was the pro- 
duction of Mr. Thos. B. Chambers, solicitor, 
Brighouse. It is so very rare that I venture 
to reprint it literatim, and hope any reader 
will supply further particulars of the school 
and its masters. In 1787 the assessment books 
shew John Swift as master, and in 1790 a Mr. 
West (probably the same that got Rastrick 
Free School). Mr. Crcpsley was master some- 
where between 1791 and 1818; and Joseph 
Boothroyd 1770? 

1862. 
A LETTER 

To the 

INHABITANTS OF BRIGHOUSE, 
Concerning the Foundation of a Charity 

School at 

BRIGHOUSE, 

In the year 1741. 

Halifax : Walker, Printer, George Street. 



Brighouse, 80th October, 1862. 
To the Inhabitants of Brighouse. 

As the present Master of the School a* 
Brighouse, established in 1741 in connection 
with the charity of Mrs. Bedford hvhich office 
I have now held for 43 years), I beg to com- 
municate to you the fact that on the 9th inst. I 
was served with a Notice from the Representa- 
tive of the late Mr. Joseph Barber, Solicitor, 
Brighouse, of which the following is a copy: 
" Sir, I hereby give you Notice to quit and 
deliver up possession of the DwellinghouFe, 
School, and premises with the appurtenances 
situate at Brighouse, in the Parish of Halifax, 
and County of York, which you hold of me as 
Tenant thereof, on the first day of May next, 
Or at the expiration of the current year of your 
tenancy, which shall expire next after the end 
of one half year from the date of this Notice. 

Dated this Twenty-third day of September, 
1862. MARIANNE BARBER. 

To Mr. Isaac Heaton. " 

Shortly after the receipt of this Notice, by 
the recommendation of friends, I consulted 
Mr. Chambers, Solicitor, Brighouse, as to the 
right of the parties, who ha;ve given this 



Notice, to act upon it and take the school and 
house from me, and treat it as their private 
property, and with his permission I now lay 
before you a copy of his letter to me, which 
gives very full particulars as to the School, 
etc. 

COPY. 

Brighouse, 27th October, 1862. 
Dear Sir, Since you called upon me with the 
Notice served upon you requiring you to quit 
and give up the possession of the School and 
School House and premises in Brighouse, now 
in your occupation as Schoolmaster, I have 
examined the Court Rolls and other Documents 
in my possession as Steward of the Court 
Baron and Manor of Brighouse, for the pur- 
pose of ascertaining the circumstances under 
which the School was originally established, 
and the Trusts which such circumstances 
created, whereby the School became a charit- 
able institution. 

I now place before you Extracts from various 
documents which I have examined, and other 
information on the subject. 

" Mrs. Mary Bedford, deceased, Widow of 
John Bedford, formerly of Thornhill Briggs, 
Esquire, deceased, by her last Will and Testa- 
ment, dated the 13th day of December, 1735. 
ordered and directed that in case the inhabit- 
ants of Brighoiise did within 12 months after 
her decease erect and build at Rrighouse a 
Charity School, with good free stone and 
timber, then she gave and bequeathed unto 
her Brother Thomas Bedford, and Reynold 
Newstead, of Wakefield, Gentleman, William 
Dawson, of Wajkefield, Gentleman, and George 
Newstead, her Nephew, the sum of Two 
Hundred Pounds, to be paid to them by her 
Executrix at the end of twelve months next 
after her decease. Upon special trust and 
confidence, that they the said Thomas Bedford 
Reynold Newstead, William Dawson, and 
George Newstead (whom she by her said Will 
appointed Trustees for this and other charit- 
able purposes therein mentioned) should so 
soon as they conveniently could lay out and 
dispose of the said .200 in a purchase of 
lands and tenements of inheritance, and settle 
the same in such manner that the Rents and 
profits thereof should and might be applied 
and disposed of for and towards the mainten- 
ance, education, and instruction of ten poor 
children at the said Charity School, if erected 
and founded at Brighouse aforesaid within the 
time aforesaid, amd that her said Trustees 
should choose a School Master of a sober lite 
and conversation, and that five poor boys of 
Brighouse aforesaid should be there taught 
by the said Master to read English well and 
distinctly, and to write some plain hand, and 
the two first Rules in Arithmetic, to wit, ad- 
dition and subtraction, and fire poor girls of 
Brighoiise aforesaid should also there be 



118 



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-taught to read English distinctly, and to knit 
and to sew, and should be instructed in the 
principles of the Christian Religion. And 
that as often as any one or more of the eaid 
Trustees should die, the survivors or a major- 
ity of them should appoint and by Deed msike 
new Trustee or Trustees in the room of him or 
them so dying, and that the heir or heirs of 
the said George Newstead should always be 
one of the said Trutees and their successors 
should always nominate and appoint the poor 
children aforesaid to be taught, and should 
also choose a Master and Dame to teach them 
as aforesaid in the School of Brighouse afore- 
said. That if the inhabitants of Brighouso 
aforesaid did not erect and build such Charity 
School as aforesaid within Twelve months next 
after the Testatrix's decease, and Notice there- 
of given to one or more of them, then by her 
Will she gave and bequeathed the said Two 
Hundred Pounds to Ellen Newstead, George 
Newstead, and Betty Newstead, and to the 
youngest child and children of her said Nep- 
hew, George Newstead, and Ann his wife, and 
she appointed the said Ann Newstead sole 
Executrix of her said Will. " 

The inhabitants of Brighouse in 1741 ap- 
pear to have entered into a Subscription, to 
raise a fund for the erection of a School and 
House in order to secure the benefit of Mrs. 
Bedford's bequest as is shewn by various docu- 
ments from which the following are extracts : 
<f Subscriptions for erecting a School at 
Brighouse. " 

r-. d. 

Sir Saml. Armytage 550 

Mr. Dawson 10 6 

Mr. Radcliffe 330 

Mrs. Gill 220 

Mr. Walley 050 

Jonas Crowther 110 

Joseph Naylor (was set down a 
Gua. by Mr. Walley, but as he 
promised half a gua. only, he 

would pay no more 10 6 

Lydia Smith 050 

John Clegg 050 

Wm. Whitfield 050 

Peter Day 110 

Mrs. Sharp 110 

Mrs. Nicholls 110 

Jer. Hargreaves 10 6 

James Taylor 10 6 

John Horsfall 050 

Saml. Holdsworth 050 

Mr. Denton 110 

Mr. Metcalfe 110 

Uobert Robinson 110 

Danl. Gill 110 

Saml. Walker 10 6 

Doctr. Lee A 110 

Joseph Leeming 026 

John Ramsden .. .050 



Mr. Haworth 110 

Gaptn. Bedford 110 

John Whitworth 10 6 

Henry Gill 110 

Wm. Drake 110 

Mr. Holdsworth 100 

Wm. Whiteley 050 



.30 8 6 

''Mr. George Newstaad told Joseph Naylor, 
before the death of the Testatrix, that he 
thought Waring Green or at Bonegate would 
be proper places for the school to be erected 
on, or one of them, he (Mr. N.) came to vinit 
the school, whilst erecting, and he approved 
thereof, and told them to go forward with the 
work, and get it finished in due time and the 
money left thereto was ready, and he request- 
ed Mr. Kadcliffe to enquire for a purchase, in 
order to settle the land for the use of the 
school pursuant to the Will. 

'The inhabitants of Brighouse aforesaid 
erected such School at Brighouse aforesaid, 
within the time limited, at the upper end of 
the Town of Brighouse, upon a small parcel 
of waste, the herbage whereof was of no value, 
lying betwixt Peter Day's house, and Mr. Rad- 
cliffe's close, being upon the highway leading 
from Brighouse to Lightcliffe, and the place 
most convenient for the Township, contain- 
ing nine yards in length, and five yards in 
breadth, within the walls thereof, together 
with a fire-stead therein. There was also 
erected a house and chamber at the end there- 
of, which was intended for a master to live 
in, but the subscription money for building 
a sjhool not being sufficient to erect both, Sir 
Saml. Armytage paid what was short, and tcoK 
the house into his own hands, in order to re- 
pay him his money out of the rents and profits 
thereof, and a Stone was put over the House 
Door and engraved thereon by Sir Samuel's 
directions, 

" This House and School were erected by the 
Inhabitants of Brighouse, upon the 
Charity of the Honoured Mrs. Bedford, 
who by Will gave .200 to be laid out 
in Lands for the Endowment thereof, 1741. " 
'' The house is the same breadth of the school, 
and five yards in length, but there is no door 
out of the house into the school; the school 
is erected with Elland Edge stone, which is 
the best and most durable stone we have about 
us, and is very well walled and timbered. The 
north wall of the school is built, where the 
south fence from the Waste, of a close belong- 
ing to William Kadcliffe, Esquire, called the 
Riding, stood, and is now as a fence for the 
same. ' Query. ' If it will be necessary to 
have amy deed or surrender from Mr. Radcliffe 
for the north wall of the said school, >t being 
erected upon his fence of the said close. " 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



119 



In the account of " disbursements about the 
school and house" there is the following 
entry 

"George Harper, for ingraving A s. l. 
151 letters 6 5. " 

This entry bears out very nearly (a differ- 
ence only of two in) the number of letters, 
which formed the inscription on the head 
stone now over the school house door, and 
which inscription appears to have been in- 
tentionally ooliterated, most probably in con- 
sequence of the unsuccessful result of the pro- 
ceedings which were afterwards instituted by 
the inhabitants of Brighouse against Mrs. 
Bedford's surviving trustee (Mr. George New- 
stead) to compel the investment of the ,200. 

The total sum expended in money in 
erecting the school and the schoolmaster's 
house was .62 Os. 4d., from which is deducted 
the amount raised by subscriptions, ,30 8s. 6J., 
balance ,31 11s. lOd. 

This balance of ,31 Us. 10d., as appearo 
from a receipt dated 6th January, 1743, signed 
by Mr. Abraham Radcliffe, .Tun., was paid by 
Sir Span I. Armytage, who "took the house 
into his own hands in order to repay him his 
money out of the rents and profits thereof. " 

Not many years after the school and houre 
were erected all the trustees named in Mrs. 
Bedford's will died, except Mr. George New- 
stead; he neglected to invest the ,200, and in 
1757( :, some of the then inhabitants of Brighouse 
acting under the advice of " Mr. Abraham 
Radcliffe, attorney-at-law, at Brighouse, " 
made an attempt to compel Mr. Newstead to 
invest the ,200, pursuant to Mrs. Bedford's 
will. The form of proceeding was by petition, 
from the inhabitants of Brighouse, ''To the 
Commissioners of the Com mission of Pious 
Uses, within the County of York. " The peti- 
tion alleged amongst other matters ''That 
after the said school was erected, all the other 
trustees being dead, and the said George New- 
stead, the testatrix's nephew, being the only 
surviving trustee, he in hopes to get the said 
Charity funongst his raid children, 
hag Altogether since endea/voured 

to frustrate the said charitable 
intentions of the said testatrix, and notwith- 
standing he has been frequently applied to in 
order tor fulfil the said trust, hath hitherto 
refused, and yet doth refuse to perform, or in 
any way to fulfil the same. " 

Upon this Petition a summons was issued 
against " George Newstead, and Ann his wife" 
which summons was heard on the llth Dec- 
ember, 1754 (?) before the Commissioners of 
Charitable Uses at Leeds, and Mr. Wilfo-. t^e 
Recorder, who then sat as Judee, being of 
opinion " that as Newstead's children (to 
whom the said 200 was given in case the in- 
habitants of Brighouse did not erect a school 
within the time limited in the Will) were not 



summoned and made parties, the Commis- 
sioners could not proceed to a. Decree, there- 
fore nothing could then be done. " 

I have also ascertained from a memorandum, 
dated May, 1770 that the school was then let 
to Joseph Boothroyd at 30s. per annum, to be 
laid out in the repairs of the Highways of 
Brighouse. 

By the proceedings taken against Newstead, 
it appears he alleged that he had no assets 
wherewith to pay the .200; however, in or 
about the year 1790, it became known to the 
then inhabitants of Brighouse, that " a large 
Farm and Tenement called Thor-nhill Bnggs, 
the residence of the above said Mrs. Bedford," 
held by Mr. Newstead under Mrs. Bedford's 
Will, was about to be sold by him to Messrs. 
Peech and Runnington, upon which the Curate 
and Chapel wardens of Rastrick Chapel pub- 
lished a Notice in the Leeds weekly news*. 
paper, calling upon Mr. Newstead, the surviv- 
ing Trustee, '' to shew cause why the Two 
Hundred Pounds were not laid out for the use 
of the poor children of Brighouse, according 
to the intent and meaning of Mrs. Bedford's 
Will. " This Notice seems to have led the in- 
tending purchasers to -question Mr. New- 
stead's title, judging from the following record 
of the transaction, namely, "Upon this, Mr. 
Newstead and his Wife, in order to make the 
Title good to the purchasers, granted a lease 
for 21 years to a different person, in view of 
cutting off the Entail of the Copyhold Lands 
(the Estate being so and uncompounded for), 
so that it became forfeited to the Lord of the 
Manor of Brighouse, who holds a Court Baron 
every year in Brighouse aforesaid; upon inr 
formation of this fco the Steward of the Manor, 
a Special Court was called, and due proof being 
made, the Copyhold Lands were seized by the 
Lord of the Manor the day following. After 
this, three other courts were holden, three 
weeks between every court, and proclamation* 
made, and upon the last and general court 
day a number of poor women ami children 
came into court and desired that the court 
would be pleased to do them justice, and their 
children might be instructed free at Brighouse 
School according to the Will of Mrs. Bedford, 
and the said Will was read in court, and also 
several Scripture Rules were exhibited setting 
forth the necessity of having the Will ful- 
filled and the children duly taught, and not- 
withstanding the purchasers' application for 
admittance into possession of the Copyhold 
Lands, the court adjudged that a part of the 
said Lands was iuciimbered with the payment 
of the .200, but nothing appeared in court 
sufficient for the decision of the dispute." 

A!fter this I find some further attempts wew 
made, or were intended to be made, with the 
help of Dr. Coulthurst, then the Vicar of 
Halifax, to secure the benefit of the ,200, and 



120 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



to induce the Lord of the Manor of Brig- 
house to refuse a re-grant of the Copyhold 
Lands, except upon the terms of the .200 be- 
ing paid. The following extract from an 
original letter addressed to " Mr. Crossley, 
Brighouse, " who was then the Master of the 
School, written by the then Minister of Rae- 
tricv Chapel, refers to the Charity: 

"Sir, I went to Hal: (Halifax) to visit four 
persons all out Dr. Coulthurst in Craven- 
Mr. Parker returns home to-morrow nt, &c., 
&c. as ye Family a,t Kirklees Hall never laid 
any claim to ye school, but ye school-house and 
additional buildings only, as ye late Sr Saral. 
was not only a genteel subscriber to the school 
(which he never claim'd) but went several 
times to see it when building, and encourag'd 
ye workmen, I don't see how Sir G. can re- 
turn ye Estate without claiming ye endownit 
& 49 years interest upon it, unless he intends 
to join ye trustees in a most cowardly act of 
injustice to the Poor of Brighouse, his own 
tenants." (1791.) 

I believe that all the attempts to compel the 
investment of the ,200 failed; but that does 
not affect or alter the original foundation of 
the school, and I think I have given you above 
sufficient information to shew that the house 
and school you are now required to quit are 
not private property, but part and parcel of 
a charitable school, established by, and belong- 
ing to, the inhabitants of Brighouse, for teach- 
ing the Poor Children of Brighouse. 

I am, Dear Sir, Yours truly, 

T. B. CHAMBERS. 

To Mr. Isaac Heaton, 
Schoolmaster, Brighouse. 

I must leave this important matter to be 
dealt with by those parties who wish to pre- 
serve to the town of Brighouse, the rights and 
interests of its inhabitants in the School, and 
remain, Yonr obedient Servant, 

ISAAC HEATON. 
Schoolmaster. 



LXXIV. POETS AND RHYMSTE'RS (A.B.). 

I don't intend to draw the line where poets 
begin and rhymsters end, for in many cases 
there is some over lapping, and even rhymsters 
may chronicle interesting local matter. Already 
in this series we have given the najnes of a 
considerable number who have published 
poetic effusions or criticised other people's 
poetry. Such writers will only be barely 
named in the following alphabetical list. 

The REV. WILLIAM AINSWORTH, of 
Lightcliffe Chapel, published his "Marrow of 
the Bible" in rhyme, in 1652. Mr. Watson 
in his "History of Halifax" gives a descrip- 
tion of Ainsworth's Triplex Memoriale, a book 
that I have reprinted, but does not mention 



the " Marrow. " The Dictionary of National 
Biography fails to notice this old, quaint 
writer. Before 1650 he had been Lecturer at 
St. Peter's, Chester, and in 1647-8-9 and l<^j 
he was at Lightcliffe Chapel, and in 1651-2 at 
Sowerby Bridge Chapel. He was evidently a 
persecuted Royalist, and had property in 
Lightcliffe, as shewn in the History of Hip- 
perholme, etc. At or before the Restoration 
he was advanced to good posts at Hull. In 
1661 he was Lecturer at Holy Trinity, Hull, 
but resigned in 1671 on account of ill-health 
(Tickell'e Hull, 805.) He relinquished also 
his interest in the Charter House, of which 
he was Master, and was allowed a house in 
Sir John Lister's Hospital (founded by a 
worthy branch of the Halifax Listers,) with 
an annuity of nearly fifty pounds during the 
remainder of his life. Mr. Ainsworth says 
that parsons were tihen worse-paid and less 
honoured than ballad-mongers and pipers. 
See his " Triplex. " 

DISNEY ALEXANDER, M.D., of Lupset 
near Wakefield, published " Horse Poetica?, or 
Poemg, with notes, by a Retired Physician, " 
1790. An edition was issued in 1837, octavo, 
pp. xii., 177, which sells at about 3s. He had 
previously resided at Spring Head, Halifax, 
where he published " Christian Holiness, 
three discourses preached in the Methodist 
Chapel, " 1799; printed by J. Fawcett, Ewood 
Hall, 1800, 106 pages. 

GERVASE ALEXANBEK, M.D., Halifax, 
who died in 1856, aged 83, published a '' Trans- 
lation of the Odes of Horace into English 
Verse. " There is a portrait of him by Bald- 
win, of London. 

HENRY ANDFJRTON, who possibly may 
have lived on the Lancashire border, issued 
"Temperance 'Songs," printed by J. Walton, 
Todmorden, 1836, a I2mo. tract, 12 pages. 

C. S. BROADBE1NT, under the letters C.S.B., 
Elland, besides fugitive pieces in the York- 
shire Magazine, 1871, issued a sixteen-mo 
booklet, called " Hullen .tjage. " 

H.B. ''The Gumming Prize Poem, 

Halifax, n.d. (c. 1855). 

" Ode to Dr. Gumming by the Heath Boy, 
who got birched for writing " The New Crus- 
ade. The Gumming Stakes of JE500 were 
awarded to this ode. " 

The REV. PAUL BAIRSTOW, Lightcliffe 
Curate, was also a poet and a soldier, accord- 
ing to Oliver Heywood. lie was a native of 
Sowerby, and sett'ed at Rochester, leaving 
benefactions to Sowerby. 

T. BAIRSTOW. AN ORIGINAL SET OF 
PSALM AND HYMN TUNES, arranged for 
one or four voices, with organ or pianofoiio 
accompaniment; also eight chants. 38 pages, 
oblong 4to., sells at 2s. Halifax, published 
for the Author, n.d. He also issued 

A SECOND SET OF PSALMS AND HYMNS. 



HAUFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



121 



JOAH BATES, M.A., an eminent Yorkshire 
musician, was born at Halifax on M<irch Itfth, 
1740-41, being the son of the parish clerk, and 
he received his early education at the Gram- 
mar School under the Rev. Dr. Ogdeii, iuiu 
learnt music from Hartley, the organist of 
Rochdale. He went afterwards to Manchester 
to Dr. ParnelFs school, and while there he 
was much struck by the organ-playing of 
Robert Wainwright, organist of the collegiate 
church. He was subsequently sent to ,ion, 
where he obtained a scholarship on August 2, 
1756. While he was at Eton he was deprived 
of music altogether (not so now), but he Kept 
up hi 8 practice by playing on imaginary keys 
on the table. One of the masters, Mr. G. 
Graham, discovered his passion for music, 
and, being himself an enthusiastic amateur, 
gave him much encouragement. On July 31, 
1758, he was nominated for a scholarship at 
King s College, Cambridge, but he was not 
admitted until May 4, 1760. About this time 
he obtained a University Scholarship, and he 
tooK the degree of B.A. in 1764, and of M.A. 
in 1767. During his term of residence in 
Cambridge he got up, and himself conducted, 
a performance of the " Messiah " in his native 
town, that occasion being the first on which 
an oratorio had been performed north of the 
Trent. In his orchestra William Herschel, 
the future astronomer, played first violin. 
Shortly afterwards he succeeded to a fellow- 
ship at King's, and was appointed college 
tutor. The attention of Lord Sandwich, the 
First Lord of the Admiralty, whose second 
son was a pupil of Bates, was at this time at- 
tracted to his wonderful musical and general 
talents, and he made him his private secretary, 
and procured for him a small post in the 
Post Umce worth .100 a year. In March, 1776, 
this appointment -was vacated for a more im- 
portant and lucrative one, that of Cornnur- 
sioner of the Victualling Office, obtained 
through the same interest; and in the same 
year he was appointed to the post of conduct- 
or to the Concerts of Ancient Music, which had 
just been started. By this time he had writ- 
ten a " Treatise on Harmony, " which was 
translated into German. On December 21, 
1780, he married one of his pupils, Miss Sarah 
Harrop (see hereafter Bates, Sajah). In 1783, 
in conjunction with Lord Fitzwilliam and Sir 
Watkins Williams Wynn, be set on foot the 
commemoration of Handel, which took place 
in Westminster Abbey, in May and June, 
1784. At these performances he held the post 
of conductor. Soon after this the King ap- 
pointed him a commissioner of the Customs, 
and about the same time his name appears us 
vice-president of Westminster Hospital, and 
as director of Greenwich Hospital. He sub- 
sequently invested all his own and his wife's 
fortune in the unfortunate project of the 



Albion Mills, and when these were burnt, in 
1791, he was nearly ruined. The vexation and 
trouble resulting from this mischance brought 
on (says Burney) a complaint in his chest, 
which finally proved fatal. In 1793 he resign- 
ed the conductorship of the Ancient Concerts, 
and was succeeded by Mr. Oreatorex; and on 
June 8, 1799, he died, aged 59. An original 
portrait of Joah Bates and his wife, painted 
by F. Cotes, R.A., is in the possession of Mr. 
H. Littleton, from the Sacred Harmonic 
Society. See the " Third National r-ortrait 
Catalogue, No. 780; and another was engrav- 
ed by Daniel, after Dance, 4to. 

SARAH BATES, a celebrated singer, and 
the wife of the preceding Joah Bates, of Hali- 
fax, Yorkshire, was born in an obscure place 
in Lancashire, of humble parents named 
Harrop. She was educated at Halifax, the 
birthplace of her husband, and worked for 
some time in a factory in that town. On one 
occasion she sang in public there, and was 
heard by Dr. Howard, of Leicester, who pro- 
phesied that " she would one day throw all 
the English, nay, even the Italian, female 
singers far behind her. " While she resumed 
her ordinary occupations, Dr. Howard sound- 
ed her praises in London, where she met with 
very great success. Here she studied Italian 
music under Sacchini, and the compositions 
of Handel and the older masters under her 
future husband. She was a successful concert 
singer, both before and after her marriage 
with Joah Bates, which took place in 1780. 
Her chief success was made in sacred music, 
which she delivered with much impressive- 
Bess. Among her secular songs the most 
famous was PurceH's " Mad Bess. " She is 
eaiid to have brought her husband .6,000 or 
.7,000 as a marriage portion, the tangible re- 
sults of her popularity us a vocalist. Her 
success, it is said, gave a great impetus to the 
cultivation of music among the factory girls 
in the North of England. She was remark- ' 
able for her fine and clear articulation, which 
has been compared to that of Garrick in act- 
ing. She is said, by a professor of great repu- 
tation, to have possessed vast natural re- 
quisites for a singer, to which was added high 
cultivation. Her voice was full and rich, her 
shake brilliant and equal, and her expression, 
especially of Handel's pathetic airs, match- 
less. She was not confined to the soprano, for 
she sung the contralto songs, " He was de- 
spised, " and " Return. O God of Hosts, " 
with such feeling and expression as they had 
not received since the days of Mrs. Gibber. In 
the " Rosy Bower " and " Mad Bess, " of 
Pnrcell, she was inimitable. Mrs. Bates died 
at Foley Place, on December 11, 1811. 

J. BAXTER, of Barkisland School, near 
Halifax, Author of the Young Christians' 
Cyclopaedia, which reached a second edition, 



122 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



thick duodecimo, wias also author of THE 
THUNDERSTORM AND THE ATHEIST; 
and THE ABBEY. Two Poems, to which is 
subjoined an interesting account of Kirkstall 
Abbey, in Yorkshire, of which celebrated ruin 
the latter poem is descriptive. Halifax, R. 
Sugden, 1821, small 8vo., pages 72 4. 2s. 6d. 
boards. [Ded. to Miss Bold, of Beld Hall, 
dated Barkisland School, February, 1821.] A 
copy is in Halifax Philos. Library, and I have 
a good one, with the engraved title page also. 
Mr. Baxter issued a Key to Scripture given in 
the Cyclopaedia, price 6d. 

REV". ROBERT BELL (Stainland and Brig- 
house), and Joseph Cockin Hoatson (Halifax), 
published THE HALIFAX SELECTION OF 
HYMNS; intended as a Supplement to Dr. 
Watts' Psalms and Hymns. Halifax, Whit- 
ley and Booth, 1834. No pagination. 

[Preface signed by Robert Bell and Joseph 
Cockin Hoatson, August, 1834. Syllabus of 
Contents. General Index, with authors' names. 
Hymns 1-520. Index, Tables of Scriptures. 
Two hymns by Rev. Robert Bell are inserted, 
and T. R. Taylor's '' There was a time when 
children siang. "] 

BRIAN BENTLE.Y. B.B. was buried at 
Halifax, June 9, 1679, where he had lived 
with the character of being a good poet, but 
for my own part I can say little to this, hav- 
ing never seen any composition of his either 
in print or manuscript. (O. Hey wood). 

" Brian Bentley, of Halifax (whom they called 
the Halifax Poet, because he was a great 
versifier) taught school in his latter days in 
the Back-lane, was well-descended, had a great 
estate but had spent it, being very fat, fell 
suddenly ill on Lord's day morning, June 8, 
1679, and they askt him if he would have a 
cap; he swore he never wore a cap unleese it 
was a barley cap, but he, without any sense 
and remorse, presently after breathed his 
last, and was buried the day after being June 
9. Oh dreadful, god is righteous, he had 
given himself to jests and vanity." (From 
" Oliver Heywood's Diaries, " edited by 
J. Horsfall Turner, pages 139, 262, vol ii.) No 
tnown specimen of his versifying has been 
preserved for nearly two hundred years. An 
unfortunate and foolish guess has attributed 
the Elland Tragedy ballad to Bentley, but 
the edition printed by me was taken from a 
mfjmscript older than Bentley's .day, and bore 
the initials J.N., which see. 

ARTHUR WILLIAM BICKERDIKE, rres- 
cott Street, we may venture to mention as 
editor of the " Beacon Almanack, " Halifax, 
which consists of prose and verse, as also the 
"' Beacon Christmas and New Year's Annual," 
Halifax, 1872, 48 pages, 3d. 

The writer of the next item is unknown, 
"The Boy Bishop, a ballad of Old Halifax," 
14 pages, printed by Ley land, 1877. 



JOHN N. BISSEILL, for sometime Master 
in the Grammar Schools of Queen Elizabeth 
at Worcester and Jttalifax, published a volume 
of "Poems, " forty pages, printed in 1861, by 
H. Heavisides, Stockton. 

JOHN BLACKBURN was born at Hebden 
Bridge, June 22, 1837, and died June 14, 18D8. 
He was a schoolmaster and excelled as orni- 
thologist and musician. He wrote verges and 
composed tunes to some of them. His Jubilee 
Song, " Hail Mighty Victoria, " was published. 
The last half of his life he spent at Corn- 
holme. He was a contributor to the Todmordeu 
Advertiser nearly forty years in prose and 
verse. He was buried at Mytholm Church. 

JAMES BLAND, Gerrard-street, Halifax, 
edited the first series of Wilson's Clock Alman- 
ack, 1865, nearly the whole of it being in 
rhyme, and much of it referring to the sale of 
Wilson's hats 

JOSEPH BOTTOMLEY, a celebrated music- 
ian, was born at Halifax, in Yorkshire, in 
1786. His parentage is not recorded, but his 
musical education was begun at a very ear'y 
age. His predilection for music first appeared 
at a concert, to which his parents had taken 
him, when the effects produced upon him by 
the performance were so remarkable, that a 
gentleman present warmly advocated the 
propriety of his being educated for the pro- 
fession. His parents, availing themselves of 
the intimation, procured him instructions as 
soon as possible, and at the age of seven he 
performed a concerto on the violin, exciting 
at once feelings of pleasure and astonishment 
in a numerous audience. His studies on the 
pianoforte did not commence before he was 
eiq;ht years of age. At twelve he was remov- 
ed to Manchester, where he was placed under 
the tuition of Grimshaw, organist at St. 
John's Church; and of Watts, the leader of 
the concerts. Upon the recommendation of 
Watts, he afterwards received instructions on 
the violin from Yaniewicz, who was engaged 
at that time to perform concertos at Man- 
chester. In 1801, when 15, he was articled to 
Mr. Lawton, the organist of St. Peter's Parish 
Church, Leeds, who had been an apprentice 
to Dr. Miller, and a pupil of the celebrated 
Baiumgarten. Under this gentleman he ob- 
tained considerable theoretical information, 
both by his private instructions and from his 
excellent musical library. After the comple- 
tion of his term with Mr. Lawton, Bottomley 
removed to Landon, where he devoted a short 
time to the instructions of the renowned 
Wolffl. At 19, having finished his musical 
education, he announced himself to the pub- 
lic as a teacher. Although he was appointed 
organist of the Parish Church of Bradford, in 
the year 1807, yet Halifax, being a very music- 
al town, and affording him much teaching, 
became his principal place of residence. In 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



123 



1820, after teaching in some of the most re- 
spectable families in the country, giving in- 
struction to several teachers, and leading a 
very considerable number of performances, 
both sacred and miscellaneous, he was induced 
by a liberal salary, to acogpt the situation of 
organist of the Parish Church, Sheffield, at 
which place he was afterwards stationed. As 
a stimulus to exertion, it may not be im- 
proper to add that, notwithstanding an inat- 
tention to literature in earJy life, and a con- 
tinual devotion of time to teaching and 
composition, Bottomley found opportunities 
of cultivating a<n acquaintance with several 
languages, the mathematics, and most of 
the sciences. The following is a list of Bot- 
tomley's principal published works: "Six 
Exercises for Pianoforte, " " Twelve Sonatin- 
as, " "Two Divertimentos, with Flute Accom- 
paniment," "'Twelve Waltzes." "Eight 
Rondos, " Ten Airs with Variations, " 
One Song, ' " One Duet, for two Pianos, " 

One Sonata," "Twenty-eight Songs, set to 
Dr. Watts's Familiar Poems, " etc. All the 
foregoing are for the pianoforte, with a small 
'* Dictionary of Music, " London, 1816, etc. 
His manuscript works, which are numerous, 
consist of overtures, quintets, one quartet, 
trios, concertos, fugues, and anthems. 

H. H. BOWMAN wrote "St. Valentine, or 
the Temple of Hymen, " for which Q. Frederic 
Sharp composed the music; Halifax, 1892, 
octavo. 

J. BOWSER, Baptist Minister, Shipley, 
wrote HYMNS AND SPIRITUAL SONGS. 
Halifax, printed for the Author at the office 
of J. and G. Nicholson, 1607, 8vo., 300 pages; 
or 12mo., pp. 281, viii. 

PATRICK BRAISTWELL BRONTE, only son 
of Rev. P. Bronte, 1817-18<8. THE BRONTE 
FAMILY, with special reference to P.B.B., 
by Francis A. Leyland; 2 vols., 1886. Sells 
at 4s. 6d. or 6s. Valuable as giving the poems 
of P.B.B. especially. He was for some time a 
clerk on the railway at Luddenden Foot. Two 
of his father's poetical books were printed at 
Halifax. 

JOSEPH BROOKBANK, (Elland Family). 
THK WELL-TUNED ORGAN, or an exercita- 
tion wherein this question is fully and largely 
discussed, whether or no Instrumental or 
Organical Music be lawful in Holy Publirk 
Assemblies. Small 4 to., 1660. Sells at 4s. 6). 

SIR THOMAS BROWNE, see his " Religio 
Medici. " No. 22. 



LXXV. POETS AND RHYMSTBRS (2). 

THOMAS CHEETHAM, of Ripponden, 1798- 
1826. Account of his Life, written by himself, 
edited bv George Thomas Cheeth^m. Bradford, 
was printed by J. M. Jowett, Bradford. 1870. 



In contains a poem of seven pages by T..C. 
dated 1825, on " The Sabbath. " 

REV. JOHN CHETHAM, afterwards spelt 
Cheetham, issued his famous Cheetham'g 
Psalmody as "A Book of Psalmody, all set in 
Four Parts, " in 1718, octavo. He wae a 
musical clergyman at Skipton and Rotherham, 
but little is known about him. He died about 
1760. 

Another edition appeared in 1730, the 
sixth edition in 1741" A Book of Psalmody, 
tunes, chanting tunes and fourteen anthems, 
all set in four parts; 6th edition, by Rev. Mr. 
John Chetham; sold in Wakefield, 1741. In 
1745 another edition came out. In 1787 the llth 
edition appeared, a " Book of Psalmody, Chant- 
ing Tunes and fifteen Anthems, " Thomas 
Wright, Leeds, octavo, pages iv., viii., 186, 
xii. These editions fetch from 4s. to 6s. as 
curiosities. 

A BOOK OF PSALMODY, containing a 
variety of tunes for all the common meters 
of the Psalms in the old and new versions, 
and others for particular measures; with 
chanting tunes and fifteen anthems, all set in 
four parts within such a compass as will most 
naturally suit the voices in country churches, 
yet may be sung in three or two without any 
disallowances. By the Rev. Mr. JoJm Chet- 
ham. 8th edition, London, printed for Joseph 
Lord, bookseller in Wakefield in Yorkshire, 
and sold by him at his shops in Barnsley and 
Pontefract; by Samuel Howgate, Joseph Wil- 
son and Elizabeth Swale, booksellers in Leeds, 
by Mr. WilliamEdwards and Mr. Nath. Binns, 

booksellers in Halifax, 1752, 8vo., pages 

vi., viii., 186, xv. 

For further editions see aifterwards under 
Stopford and Houldsworth. 

WILLIAM COLD WELL is said to have been 
a native of Stockwith, and resided during the 
greater part of his life at Sheffield. He died 
at Liverpool, aged 65, in 1836. He was author 
of " The Book of Praises, the Psalms of 
David, and others; the prophets of Jehovah, " 
in metre, otherwise entitled " Psalms or 
Sacred Odes of David; " Halifax. 1821, small 
octavo. I have not seen this book, but it IB 
described in Holland's " Psalmists of Britain," 
and in Lowndes, page 2004. He also printed at 
Ha ! ifax in 1820 a volume of "Hebrew Har- 
monics and Allusions, " a duodecimo poetical 
work. He was also author of "FABLES A^n 
MORAL POEMS. " 2nd edition, 2 volumes. 
Halifax, R. Sugden, 1820. Vol. I. 117 pages. 
Vol. II. 127 pages. Contents of Vol. I., 13 
items Lady and Rose, Maternal Instinct, 
Bee, Youth and Shepherd, Sportsman and 
Birds. Conscience, Cynic, Henry and Emma, 
Oak, Two Sexes, Dead Jay, Man and Animals. 
Mountain Doves. The bal'ad " Henry nnd 
Emma "(BRIGHT SHONE THE LUNAR 
ORB) haD high merit. 



124 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Contents of Vol. II., 21 items Hermit, 
Slave, Enslavers, Country, King. Sleep, Laura 
and Edwin, River, Sympathy, Fox and Geese, 
Ruin, Goldfinch, Old Soldier, Felons, Ragged 
Boy, Young Henry, Edwin and Magpie, Orphan 
Boy, Wreck, bailor Boy, Lark. 

The first volume seems to have been issued 
in 1816, and the second one in 1818, but 1 do 
not know where they were printed. 

REV. THOMAS COX, M.A., died at Light- 
cliffe, January 6, 1887, aged 64. Head Master 
at Halifax Grammar School 1861-83; Lecturer 
of the Halifax Parish Church 1871. 

Libretto of the Sacred Cantata JONAH ; 
set to music by Dr. J. Varley Roberts, 1876. 
His other books will be mentioned elsewhere. 

THE REV. HENRY KRABTREE has 
rhymes in his '' Almanack " previously de- 
scribed, see Krabtree. 

FREDERIC WILLIAM CRONHELM has 
been described as " the sweetest of Calder 
bards. " ' He was born at Elxeter, May 23, 
1787. In 1797 the family came to Halifax. His 
grandfather was a Hanoverian officer. Before 
1808 he issued a email volume of "Poems, 
with an Hexametrical translation of part of 
the Second Book of Klopstock's Messiah. " 
In 1842 he printed for private circulation " A 
Wreath for Catherine's Grave, " a thin quarto 
volume, inscribed to the memory of his 
daughter who died October 11, 1840, aged 12. 
This poem of thirty-two lines is a beautiful 
gem. 

William Dearden (postea) also printed 
quarto siize, 1840, on Catherine (Cron- 
helm) a, Poem. He wrote fugitive pieces for 
the "HALIFAX GUARDIAN," of which he was 
editor for some years, and other pieces ap- 
peared in Canon Faweett's " Temple Offer- 
ings, " etc. In the "White Rose of York," 
1834, is a long stirring poem by him entitled 
"The Doom of Cordoba, a Tale of the Caliphs,'' 
the scene of which is blid in Spain. " The 
Dream of Paradise " gives many Calderdale 
references. His privately printed '' All Soul's 
Church, Halifax, a descriptive poem " was 
printed by Whitley and Booth, Halifax, 
large octavo size, 1860. I think a volume of 
his was printed at Rochdale without date, en- 
titled "Poems, Translations, &c., " 204 pages. 
Mr. Cronhelm died June 2, 1871. 

THE REV. JOHN CROSSE was incumbent 
of Cross-stone Church before he became vicar 
of Bradford. He was not found amongst the 
poets though an Eilegy on Vicar Crofise was 
printed in Bradford, 1816. 44 pages octavo. 

DAVID CROSSLEY was born in 1670 near 
Todmorden, and worked as a stonemason in 
Walsden. In early life he came in contact with 
John Bunyan. the immortal dreamer, and like 
Bunyan, traveled about the country preach- 
ing the Gospel. He and his cousin William 
Mitchell (afterwards the first Baptist pastors 



of Rossendale, 1692,) attended weeknight ser- 
vices at Bacup. In 1691 Crossley preached in 
Mr. Pomfret's chapel, Spitafields, London, as 
a visitor. A few months after becoming joint- 
pastor at Rossendale, Crossley was baptised at 
Bromsgrove, Worcestershire. August 26. 1692. 
He left Bacup in 1695 for Tottlebank, thence 
in 1705 for Knolly's chapel, London. In 1718 
he returned to Lancashire, followed by dis- 
creditable reports, slanderous or otherwise, 
which after a long time he lived down, though 
expelled from the Yorkshire and Lancashire 
Baptist Association. He resided at Hapton. 
near Padiham. and in old age kept a school 
at Goodshaw. 

1696. THE OLD MAN'S LEGACY to his 
daughters, by H.F., edited by D. Crossley. 

1736, Another edition. 

1720, Adam, where art thou? or the Serious 
Parley; a poem. 

1743. The Triumph of Sovereign Grace, Man- 
chester, 127 pages. A Sermon on the Execu- 
tion of Lawrence Britliffe, of Cliviger, for 
manslaughter. 

169- . Samson a Type of Christ. 

1744, Samson a Type of Christ, another edi- 
tion, preface by Rev. Geo. Whitfield. 

1851, Samson a Type of Christ. 

D.C. was a very portly, heavy man, with 
a strong voice, that was heard by thousands 
at once when preaching on the hill sides of 
Yorkshire and Lancashire. He died at Cross- 
ley farm, Tatop, Crawshawbooth, in 1744 and 
was buried at Goodshaw Church. 

In Alvery Jackson's MS.. (Mr. Ormerod's 
possession. Todmorden,) are two poems by 
D.C., a hymn and an acrostic. He is mention- 
ed in No. 27 of this series. 

JAMES CROSSLEY, the celebrated Man- 
chester Antiquary and Book Collector, born 
at Halifax. Edited Antiquarian works. Lived 
to be 83. Further notice of him and his 
Library Catalogue will be given. He edited 
" Observations and Instructions, Divine and 
Moral, in Verse, by Robert Heywood, of Jbey- 
wood, " for th<; Chetham Society. 1869; quarto, 
la.rge and small paper. 

THOMAS CROSSLEY was a native of 
Ovenden, and died at HaMfax. September 2, 
1843, asied 39, leaving a wife and six children. 
POEMS, LYRIC, MORAL, AND HUMOROUS. 
Halifax, N. Whiteley, n.d. pages iv., iv.. 139. 

[Preface dated near Halifax. December. 
1828. Contents, 62 pieces Dobson's Ghost, the 
Calder, Dreaming Cobbler, Kirkstall Abbey. 
Robin Hood's Grave, the Seasons, Ballnd BE 
STILL, YE HOWLING WINDS, 20 lines.] 

HALIFAX. A Poetical Sketch, 1831. 

FLOWERS OF EBOR POEMS. Halifax. 
Le viand and Son. 1837. Pages xi., 199. 

[Preface, dated Ovenden, January 20. 1837. 
Contents, 116 items, very varied in subject, in- 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



125 



eluding Christmas Customs, Ballad I PULL- 
ED A ROSE, Bolton Priory, the Calder, 
Natural Scenery, &c.] 

SILAS CRYER, late of Halifax, returned to 
Bingley. 

THE ABSTAINER'S COMPANION, in 3 
parts, No. 2, contains 14 Original Melodies, 
and a Poem entitled the Contrast. Halifax, 
from the author, Hanson Lane, n.d., printed 
by Baildon and Son, Halifax. 32 pp., 32mo., 
2d. 

No. 3, prose and poetry, 2d. 

LEISURE MUSINGS, Keighley, 1865. 232 
lines of unmitigated doggerel. 

LEISURE MUSINGS; consisting of Origin- 
al Poems on Pleasant Subjects, with Appendix 
and Beautiful Illustrations. Keighley, 
"Herald" Office. 1876, Pages iv., 72, 6d. 

[On Rev. A. Hudson. Bingley; Job 
Senior" I'LL RELATE A STRANGE QUEER 
STORY. "] 

AN ACROSTIC; a poem descriptive of the 
Improvement of the Times, and the Horrors 
of Intemperance, by Silas Cryer, author of 
'' Lines on the Panic," " EJegy on Job Senior," 
"On R. C. Wildon, " "The Better Country," 
" The Christian's Warfare. " Price Id. 
Bingley. J. Harrison and Son, 1862; 12 page*. 

LXXVI. POETS AND RHYMSTEBS (3). 

J.D. was author of " A Monody on the Death 
of a Brother," eight pages 12mo., Halifax, 
no date. 

REV. BRYAN DALE, M.A., Congregational 
Minister at Halifax many years; removed to 
Bradford. His books have been previously 
named. His poetical effusions include 

THE OLD CENTURY and the New. 1900-1. 
4pp. 

PILGRIMS OF THE UMBRIA : American 
Congregational Council, October, 1899; a 
rhyme on their visit to Boston. Manchester, J. 
C. Norbury, 6, Chepstow Street; 6 pages; 
Hymns, in Magazines, and on New Year's 
cards. 

ABEL DEAN, fourth eon of Abel Wads- 
worth Dean, printer, Halifax, born November 
1, 1814; died November 7, 1887. Celebrated 
organist at Halifax and Huddersfield. Con- 
ducted the great Sunday School Jubilee Com- 
memorations from 1852 to 1885. 
HYMN TUNES, a small volume. 
" SONG OF THE WILD FLOWERS," "Music, 

Music. " 
" COME HOME, " " Come, Oh ! come, " and 

many other songs, hymns, etc., some with 

words of his composition. 
"Collection of Original Tunes," small quarto, 

Huddersfield, 1883, sell* at 2s. 

WILLIAM DEARDEN was born in 1804 at 
Hebden Bridge. He was educated at Hepton- 
stall Grammar School, and a private school 



in the East Riding. He became master of an 
Academy in King Street, Hudderafield, when 
a very young mail, and remained there many 
years, 1830-1848. He next removed to Hollins 
Boarding School, near Halifax, and after 
that was for uuiiny years a schoolmaster in 
Bradford. About 1860 he got po^eeion of the 
Vvarley Grammar School, and whiist there 1 
first became acquainted with him. A memoir 
and portrait of him appear in my " Yorkshire 
Genealogist." He died January 24, 1889, and 
was buried at Heptonstall. He had a daughter, 
and one son the Bev. Wm. Dearden, M.A., 
of the Royal Navy. He was always very active 
in local literary circles, and was more or less 
acquainted with P. B. Bronte, the Lake poets, 
the fcwo Leylands, etc. 

THE VALE OF CALDENEi; or the past and 
the present. A poem in six books. Halifax, 
Walker, 1844. Pages xv., 256, -4. 

[Ded. to Fred. Chas. Spenser. Preface, 
dated Huddersfield, December, 1844. Topo- 
graphical Notes of Hebden Bridge district.] 

Parts of this book appeared in his cousin't* 
Miscellany, (W. Dearden^ Nottingham.) 
THE! DEATH OF LEYLAND-S AFRICAN 

BLOODHOUND. 1837, 4 to. 

THE STAB-SEER,: a Poem in Five Cantos. 
Halifax, Ley land and Son 1837. Pages xv. r 
174. preface dated Huddersfield, December 
29, 1836. 

[Ded. to Fredk. Wm. Cronhelm. Proem. 
Canto I. The Lady of Kirklees, II. Pilgrimage, 
III. Aerial Voyage, IV. Bridal. V. Last Seal. 
Notes 125-173, on Caldene, Comets, Cross-stone, 
Astrology, Kirklees, Headless Steed.] 

He edited John Nicholson's Poems in 1859; 
Bradford. 

Mr. Dearden wrote largely to various maga- 
zines and newspapers, and was editor (and 
part proprietor) of Dearden's Miscellany. He 
had a Large medley of manuscripts, much of 
which was unpublished at his death. " Cather- 
ine, a poem, " was written in memory of Mr. 
Cronhelm's daughter. 

WILLIAM DEARDEN, a Yorkshireman, 
cousin of the Calder-vale poet just-named, 
printed various poetical works at Nottingham, 
1838, etc. 

D GARDEN'S MISCELLANY. 4 vols., 1839- 
40, was a work of superior merit to which 
J)ean Alford and others contributed excellent 
poems. The Vols. sell at 12s. 6d., 15s. Not- 
tingham printed. 

DANIEL DE FOB, born in London, 1663 
1731. 

THii TRUR BORN ENGLISHMAN : a Satire, 
with a copious memoir of the Author. Leeds, 
Alice Mann, 1836, 40 pages. (Pub. in 1701.) 

* We claim that De Foe wrote his inimitable 
" Robinson Crusoe, " 1719, whilst in hiding in 
Halifax. He wrote " A Hymn to the Pillory " 
after having suffered therein ; also '' Jure 



126 



HALIFAX BOOKS AKD AUTHORS. 



Divino, " 1707, his longest po:m; " CuleJouia. " 
The first two lines of the True Born English- 
man have been repeatedly quoted: 
'' Wherever God erects a hoxise of prayer, 
The Devil always bui'.ds a temple there, " 
the next two lines are not so well-known: 
" And 't will be found upon examination, 
The latter has the lao-gest congregation. " 
Crabtree's Halifax, and writers from Mr. 
Watson's time aairm that Halifax has a claim 
to '' Jure Divino " and " Robinson Crusoe. " 
B. DEMPSTER, Elland, wrote THE GOOD 
OLD GAS-LIGHT COMPANY; a song. 32 
lines, 1877. 2 pages; dedicated to John Hutch- 
ison, Barnsley. 

GRACE DICKINSON, an inmate of Halifax 
Workhouse, 1861-3. Her amanuensis was Sarah 
Thomas, a deaf mute. Mr% D. died January, 
1863. Her husband had become insane, com- 
mitted suicide and left her with three children. 
SONGS IN THE NIGHT: a Collection of 
Verses by the late Grace Dickinson, composed 
in the Halifax Union Workhouse; edited by 
the Chaplain, with some aiccount of the 
Author. Small 8vo., pp. xvi., 104. Halifax, 
1863. 2nd edition, Wakefield, A. W. Stans- 
field, 1863, with frontispiece. 16mo. 96 pages. 
WILLIAM DIXON, the Thinking Man's 
Friend. Halifax, Wm. Nicholson, 1852; 192 
pages, nine of which are poems; the Vale of 
Hebden, 1830, etc. 

GEORGE DOWNING, a comedian, became 
a debtor in Halifax Jail for one year at least, 
and he published a volume at Halifax in 
1763, as under, " The Temple of Taste, or a 
Dish of All Sorts, consisting of Prologues, 
Epilogues, Songs, Epitaphs. Eipigrams, etc., 
never before printed, to which is annexed a 
new Farce call'd Newmarket, or the Humours 
o* the Turf, with a sketch of One Year's Ac- 
count of the Life of the Auther lately detained 
in Halifax Jail on a small suspicion of debt. " 
I regret I have never seen a copy of this book, 
which would have been serviceable in writing 
-the " History of Wakefield Prison " last year. 
My late antiquarian friend, Mr. Wm. Grange, 
Harrogate, quotes a poem from this book of 
Downing's but knew nothing further of the 
writer. It was evidently printed at Halifax 
in 1763. 

[EZRA DOYLE, Esq., a pseudonym; tne 
author lived a,t Mixenden probably.], 

POLLY'S GAON, or Merriment in dress and 
the Folly of Jt>ride. JAMES and POLLY, or the 
very funny wedding. BUTTERY DICK, or 
-the beautiful sweating. And THE BOTTLE 
OF GATHER, or Fun in Fermentation. Hali- 
fax, printed for the author by W. Nicholson; 
n.d., 52 pages, including covers. 
" I recollect when I wor young. " 
' f Alae! They say old James is dead." 
" My neighbour Dick was sent one day, " 
" In a Midland town a parson lived. " 



It has since been issued by Nicholson and 
Sons, Wakefield, (formerly of Halifax), no 
date, 50 pages, 24 mo. 

The following hag been erroneously attribute;! 
to Mr. Ben Preston, Bradford: Dolly's Gaon, 
or the Effects of a. ride, by a Native Genius, 
to which is added Rose and Dolly, etc. Hali- 
fax, Crabtree and Sou. (1854.) 

JOHN DRACUP, a native of Idle, removed 
to Great Horton, became Baptist Minister at 
Steep Lane. Sowerby. HYMNS and SPIRITU- 
AL SONGS. Bradford, John Nicholson and 
Son for Jamies Dufton. 1787, small 8vo., 70 
pages. 

NATHANIEL DRACUP, brother of John, 
left Idle, his native place, in 1729 to reside at 
Great Horton, and became a pioneer Methodist; 
over forty years a local preacher with a wide 
circuit in West Yorks, first class-leader at 
Great Horton, opened his house until a preach- 
ing place could be got; died in 1798. He wrote 
iiai Ellegy on the Death of Rev. Wm. Grim- 
shaw, Ha.worth. 

W. DYCHE, B.A, Head Master of the 
Higher Board School, Halifax, edited " As 
you like it; with Notes, etc., portrait of 
Shakespeare, and 14 other illustrations by 
Shepperson, crown 8vo., 134 pages. 

JOSEPH H. ECCLES. 

This very successful writer of sweet songs 
and poems was born at Ripponden, on the 20th 
of June, 1824. and was entirely self-educated. 
His early days were spent in rambling amongst 
the woods and fields and on the moorlands 
which nearly surrounded his native vale, 
thereby fostering a partiality for rural scenes 
and sounds and a love for nature. The result 
of this training was visible in all he wrote, 
for hie poetry treats of home and affections 
which sprung up and around it, and he sung 
of whatever was dear to him in the natural 
world. There is a sweet, cheerful strain run- 
ning through all his verses, though some- 
times a little tinged with melancho'y when 
occasion required it, which always leaves in 
us a love for whatever is good in man or 
beautiful in .nature. In 1845 he removed to 
Leeds, where he continued writing, and con- 
tributed poems and songs to the Leeds and 
other papers. One hundred of his songs were 
set to music by English. American, French, 
and German composers. He also edited several 
dialect annuals, amongtst which were '' The 
Leeds Loiner, " " Tommy Toddles, " and 
" Tommy's Annual, " which were all exceed- 
ingly popular, and had a large local sale. His 
dialect verses and sketches, however, were not 
strictly speaking '' native to the Shire, " or 
even to bhe district in which Leeds is situated. 
This may probably be accounted for by his 
not being brought up in the district where 
most of his poems and sketches were composed. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



127 



A large number of his songs and poems are 
equal in sweetness and genuine feeling (o any 
in the English language. About the year 1871 
li. i-,-ued a volume entitled " Yorkshire Songs." 
This contained seventy-one oi his best dialect 
poems, so:ne of them bein;* very humorous. 
The la.be Mr. Abraham Holroyd received liie 
following information from him in answer lo 
a letter requesting particulars bout himself: 

" I was born at the village of Ripponden, 
near Halifax, on the borders of the Black- 
stone Edge, on the 20th of June, 1824. I am 
a twin brother, and am self-taught; in truth, 
all that was ever spent in giving me an educa- 
tion was 2s. 9^d., at the village school, the 
note of which I retain as a relic of the past. 
My early days were spent amongst the woods 
and fields and on the moorlands, and since my 
earliest recollections I have been a great lover 
and admirer of nature. Since I came to Leeds 
in 1845, 1 have been engaged chiefly in chem- 
istry. I have read much, and frequently give 
lecture?. I have a wife and sweet little family, 
and we live very happily together. '' Mr. 
Eccles died at Leeds on the 7th of August, 
1883, regretted by all who knew ham. 

I have one or two autographs of Eccles gwen 
to me by Mr. Holroyd, and I would lake to 
see an edition of his works with a good por- 
trait. His beautiful poem '' Bite bigger " has 
been copied and reoopied into papers and 
magazines. ElthicaJ lessons are to be found 
in all his productions, scattered in the Leeds 
and most of the Yorkshire newspapers, and 
Yorkshire magazines, and brief biographical 
notes will be found in the "Yorkshire Month- 
ly," &c.. &c., and in sundry Annuals. The 
following note deserves perpetuation, especi- 
ally as it introduces a Mayor of Leeds, whose 
ancestors were sett-led at Bridge Etud, BrJg- 
house: 

Mr H. Radestock, Thorner, writes: 

It is above thirty years since I made the 
acquaintance of the late Mr. J. H. Eccler>. 
I, at that time, spoke the English langu- 
age indifferently, but the walks Mr. Eccles 
and 1 had during the bright summer even*ngs 
around tihe neighbourhood of Bellisle and 
M;ddleton Wood are a** fresh in my memory 
now as if they had onh occurred last summer. 
He was a thoroughly se'f-fcaught man, and very 
fond of botany, and our chief topics on such 
evening excursions were the herbal and floral 
world, and how we could improve our know- 
ledge regarding the subjects before us. In the 
early part of our acquaintance Mr. Eccles 
used to write songs for the " Original Christy 
Minstrels;" and Mr. William Fox, now of the 
Leeds Forge Company, to a great many of h-.rs 
poetic songs composed suitable and charming 
melodies, which at one time became very 
popular. Ln fact', we nsed to introduce the 
same at ''Penny Readings,'' given for tile 



benefit of the Working Men's Institutions, 
here and there, with the valuable help of Mr. 
H. R. Marsden's family and friends, long be- 
fore that gentleman became Mayor of Leeds. 
For a great number of years Mr. Eccles was 
connected with the well-known firm, Messrs. 
Hirst, Brooke, and HirgtT manufacturing 
cnemists, of Leeds, and whilst in their em- 
ployment published the works already named 
in "Mercury Supplement." He also wrote aL 
the " Yorkshire Dialect " poems which tne 
ow'ebrated " Sam the Newsman " used to recite, 
and many a hearty laugh and moist eye has 
been the reward of hia compositions. As 
years rolled on so did our friendship, and the 
lamentable and sudden death of our friend, 
Aid. Marsden, who had just completed the 
second year of his Mayoralty for the borough 
of Leeds, brought all old friends together to 
assist in preserving the well-known puWic 
benefactor's name in the memory of a/1 towns- 
men and of all YorkshLremen. It was decided 
to erect a marble monument, to be placed in 
a prominent position in Leeds, and the site the 
monument now stands on, at the top of Albion 
street, was granted by the Corporation. It is 
an easy matter to say, " We will erect a monu- 
ment, " but to collect funds to defray the ex- 
penses is a task which Mr. B. Tiffany, as pre- 
sident, the numerous committee, and myself 
as acting hon. sec., found out to be rather 
difficult. On August 9th. 1876. Mr. Joseph 
Hobson, proprietor of the Princess's Theatre, 
then the only one in Leeds, the other two 
having been destroyed by fire, granted us the 
free use of the theatre to give a miscellaneous 
entertainment for the benefit of the fund. 
Mr. Samuel Croft, then Mayor of Leeds, gave 
his patronage, and attended personally on that 
occasion. A leading feature of the programme 
on the occasion was a poem by my old friend 
Eecles, written purposely for that occasion, 
and most ably recited by Mr. Fred French, 
of Leeds; whilst the gentlemen of the com- 
mittee surrounded a minatnre statue of Mr. 
Marsden. The amount of money realised by 
the sale of the poem, at Id. each, brought the 
handsome sum of about 5 to the hands of 
tihe treasurer of the fund. The following is a 
correct copy of the poem : 

HENRY ROWLAND MARSDEN. 

Not by deeds of valour, not by martial fame. 
Won he his proud position, gained an honoured 

name ; 

Not by birth or lineage, nor by speech, or pen. 
Did he become exalted among his fellow-men ! 
Amidst the busy thousands, who boil from day 

to day, 
He made his first endeavour, and opened out 

the way; 
By constant work and watching the upward 

path he found, 



128 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



When fortune smiled upon him, and all his 

efforts crowned; 
Strong in faith and purpose, rich in thought 

and skill, 
He grasped each form and feature, and shaped 

them to his will, 
But few so kind *and earnest, so full of truth 

and trust, 

As he who softly-slumbers now in the silent 

dust. 
A friend to honest workmen, who took them 

by the hand, 
And all their thoughts and feelings could 

guess and understand ; 
Who never met an old face without a word or 

smile, 
Whom he had known in past days, amongst 

the sons of toil. 
Friend of the poor orphan, the widow in her 

need, 
Who talked not of charity, but showed it in 

the deed. 
A helper in all movements, no matter small 

or great, 
If for the common welfare, you never cafl'd 

too late. 
A nobleman by nature, whom all are proud to 

own, 

A public benefactor, a credit to our town; 
Of such no panegyric, no fulsome words of 

praise, 
By kindly hearts are needed, his monument 

to raise. 

The language expressed in the above 
will convince the reader that Mr. Eccles was 
a man of talent. Many of his publications, 
which are easily obtainable, are deserving of 
preservation. Some of his songs have had to 
be republished, and in the memories of all who 
knew him his name will not be forgotten. 

YORKSHIRE SONGS. Leeds, for the 
Author by Hirst, Brooke and Hirst, n.d. , pages 
viii., 7-182. 

[Ded. to J. R. Appleton, Durham. Contents, 
71 pieces. Aar little lad. Deein be inches 
Grown owd together. T" Weshing Daay. 
Poppin t' Question. T* Pop Shop. Wimmins' 
wark iz never dun. T' poor Beggar Boy. 
Harvest Hcam. Cut your coit, &c.j 

YORKSHIRE SONGS. Issued in penny 
numbers, Leeds, J. Hamer. no date; 12 pages 
each and covers. 

CHARLES GROVE EDWARDS, son <tf Sir 
Henry Edwards, (died December, 1904, aged 
61). "The Rhine: one of the Competitive 
Poems for the Harrow Prize. 1861. " Halifax. 
1861. 

ELLAND TRAGEDIES. An old manuscript 
version, purchased by Mr. H. J. Barber, 
Brighouse, for 35s., was sold at his death, but 
I failed to trace the purchaser. However, I 
had previously printed the copy literatim, 
prose and verse, in 



THE E1LLAND TRAGEDIES viz -The 
Murders of Sir Robert Beaumont, of Crosland 
Hugh de Quaraiby, of Quarmby John de 
Lockwood, of Lockwood, Sir John Eland 
senior, at Brighouse Sir John Eland junior' 
and his son, at Eland, and others, with the 

exp'oits , with notes, pedigrees and 

evidenceis recently brought to light Edited 
by J. HorsMl Turner, 1890. 91 pages. 2s. 

It was first partially printed in Bentley- 
Midgley's. Halifax, 1708, again 1712, again 
1761. Then by Watson in his " Halifax, "" by 
Dr. Whitaker in his " Loidis and Elmete, " 
by Crabtree in his " Halifax, " and by Ingle- 
dew in " Ballads, " but none of them complete. 

The EBland Tragedy was undoubtedly written 
by a locaj man because the topographical 
notices prove this. The copy I used bore the 
initials J.N\ or F.N., and was quite three 
centuries old. We are also told that it 
anciently formed the subject for a rustic 
drama, like the Peace Egg. An old Kirklees 
manuscript stated "they have a play and a 
song thereof in the country still. " 

SAMUEL ELLIS, organist, born at Halifax. 
1776; pupil of Stopford, (editor of Chetham's 
Psalmody), Cboke of Westminster, and others, 
wrote 

A CIRCULAR SYSTEM OF SCALES. 

A MORNING AND EVENING HYMN. 

MS. w-orks on the flute, &c. 



LXXVII. POETS AND RHYMSTERS. (4). 

JOHN FAWCETT. D.D., M.A., of Wains 
gate, Brearley Halt, Ewood Hall, Htbcien 
Bridge, has occupied our attention in articles 
47 and 48. He was born at Lidget Green, 
Bradford, in 1740, but spent most of his years 
in Calderdale, where he died in 1817, July 
25th. Hie poetical works are as under: 

"The Dieath of Elumenio: A Poem." Leeds, 
G. Wright and Son, 1779, 6d., 40 pages. 

[Ded. to Relatives of William Hudson, 
Gildereome, dated Brearley Ball, near Hali- 
faix, November, 1779. Mr. Hudson, "Eumenio," 
died the same month, November. Pages 35- 
39 Elegiac Verses on the Death of Mr. Wil- 
liam Greenwood, late of Oxenhope, near 
Hawonth, September 30, 1779. Advertisement 
of ''Poetic Eseays" by the same Hand, 6rL, &c.] 

"THE SICK MAN'S EMPLOY" (London. 
1774), 8d., dated from Waansgate, Halifax. 
June 1774, contains sundry verses and hymns 
by Mr. Fawcetrt interspersed. 

"THE REIGN OF DEATH, a Poem oc- 
casioned by the decease of the Rev. James 
Hartley, late of Haworth, by John Fawcett: 
A'ith a Funeral Sermon by Wm. Crabtree," 
Leeds, G. Wright and Sons, 1780, Is.,* 102 pages. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS 



129 



Part II. on Philander (Adam Holden, Halifax), 
7 IKIR . s. i Pin-in, 3-:i8; Bpitaphium 2 pages.] 
St-lU at Is. 

HYMNS. adapted to the Circumstances of 
Public Worship and private Devotion." G. 
Wright, Leeds, for he Author, 1782; 288 pages, 
iL'ino., 166 hymns. 

"BRIEF SUPPLEMENT TO THE PSALMS 
AND HYMNS OF ISAAC WATTS, D.D., re- 
commended by J.F.," Ewood Hall, 1816; 3rd 
edition, corrected, 32 mo.; London, B. Drake, 
1827. 

"THE CHRISTIAN'S HUMBLE PLEA for 
Ms God and Saviour; in answer to several 
pamphlets hit.'ly published by Dr. Priestley 
;i^':i in-it the Divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ." 
3rd edition; London, 1781, 6d. pp. viii., 24(644 
lines). The second edition, 1780, blank verse. 

"POETIC ESSAYS," 6d., dated Brearley 
Hall, 1/767. 

Hi^ hymns are found in nearly all collections 
e.g., Religion is the chief. Praise to Thee, How 
precious is the book, With humble heart and 
tongue, Blest is the tie, Now in my early days, 
Thus for my God, Ac. 

REV. BENJAMIN FIRTH, founder and 
minister of the Wyke Congregational Church, 
was the first to build a mill at Brighouse, in 
what was afterwards called Baines' Square, 
between Mill-lane and the Canal. He kept a 
private school at Wyke, aoid published some 
scholastic works besides a "Theological and 
Poetical Class Book," which appeared in 1835. 

REV. FREDERICK GARD FLEAY, M.A., 
I.wds. Hipperholme, Skipton, Ac., Grammar 
Schools; late scholar of Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge; author of ''Book of Revelations," "Eng- 
lish Grammar." 

ALMOND BLOSSOMS, small 8vo., 1857. 

THE POETRY OF CATULLUS, to which 
is added the Vigil of Venus, rendered into 
English by F. G. Fleay, square 8vo.; Leeds, C. 
Kemplay, 1864, pages iv., 47. Preface dated 
Leeds Grammar School, February, 1864. Index 
37 pieces. In this book two others are announ- 
ced, "Hints on Teaching," 'Ballads of Brit- 
tany." "Master Pieces of the Breton Ballads" 
was printed by F. King, Halifax, 1870, 45 



A SHAKESPEARE MANUAL, 1876, 
2nd edition, by F.G.F., late Head Master of 
Skipton Grammar School; small 8vo., 1878. 

THREE LECTURES ON EDUCATION, 
1883. 

CHRONICLE HISTORY OF THE LIFE 
AND WORK OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE, 
player, poet, and playmaker, two etchings, 
1836; published at 15s., 8vo. 

CHRONICLE HISTORY OF THE LONDON 
STAGE, 1559-1642; 424 pages, demy 8v .. 1690. 
Leas than 500 printed. 

BIOGRAPHICAL CHRONICLE OF THE 



ENGLISH DRAMA, 1559-1642. 2 volumes, 8vo., 
nearly 800 pages, 1891 ; pub. 30. 

My quondam Hipperholme friend hag pro- 
ductvl in his four volumes of "Chronicles," 
books of sterling, standard value. 

JOHN S. FLETCHER, "Son of the Soil," 
publisher in Bradford and Leeds for a short 
time; author of sundry novels and topographi- 
cal books. He was born at Halifax in 1863. 
Besides novels and antiquarian books he has 
issued : EARLY POEMS," ma41 8vo., 1882, 
pub. 2s. 6d. ; 1885, Leeds; SELECTIONS FROM 
WORDSWORTH, edited with Introductory 
Memoir, 12mo., 1883 (Gardner's parchment lib- 
rary. 

He has written several articles on Words- 
worth, but not yet co letted in volume form; 
In Wordsworth Country, Wordsworth's Haunts 
Ac. 

ANIMA CHRISTI, small 8vo., 128 pages, 
Bradford, 1884; 1887, 102 pages. 

DEUS HOMO (a poem), 12mo., 1887. 

HEATHER AND HYACINTH, and fugitive 
pieces in newspapers and Yorkshire journals. 

POEMS CHIEFLY AGAINST PESSIMISM 
London, 1893, 55 pages. Contents, twenty 
pieces, some attractive Bongs. 

JOSEPH FLOUNDERS wrote "Poetic Tri- 
fles," printed by J. and B. K. Rogers, Journal 
Office, Lord-street, Halifax, 1809, 68 pages. 

JOHN FOSTER (already mentioned), the 
celebrated essayist and Baptist, born at Heb- 
den Bridge, published "Essays on Poetical 
Criticism." 

RICHARD FOSTER, Hebden Bridge, pub- 
lished a ''Metrical Tune Book," quarto. 

NATHANIEL FROBISHBR, York, booksel- 
ler and editor, was (if not a native) a descen- 
dant of the Halifax Frobishers, who will else- 
where be found mentioned amongst our au- 
thors. Nathaniel Frobieher's "New Select 
Collection of Epitaphs, Humorous, Whimsical, 
Moral and Satyrical, was printed at York be- 
fore 1800, small octavo; see Daiviee' York Press. 

WM. GARFORTH, issued at Hebden Bridge 
in 1852, a duodecimo book "The Masonic Vocal 
Manual, comprising Songs, Duets, Glees, Ac., 
with Masonic information." 

W. H. GARLAND, Mus. Bac., succeeded Dr. 
J. Varley Roberts at Halifax on his removal to 
Oxford in 1882; succeeded Dr. Monk at York. 
In 1886 became conductor of Halifax Choral 
Society, founded 1818. Magnificat and Nunc 
Dimittis in A. Benedioite, in three keys. 

THE REV. W. GRAHAM, Halifax, previous- 
ly mentioned, was author of a poem "Repen- 
tance, the only condition of final acceptance." 

REV. R. GRAVES, M.A., probably no con- 
nection with Halifax, except that his book was 
printed there in 1826, small octavo, with por- 
trait: ''Emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus; 
Meditations, translated from the Greek, with 
Life, Notes, Ac. 



130 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



JOHN GREENWOOD. Halifax and Leeds. 
PSALMODY, 4to.T 1838; a thick volume. John 
Greenwood was elected by the Leeds ratepay- 
ers in July, 1621, after three days' pol:, as 
organist at Leeds Parish Church. He secured 
2,608 votes, Mr. . Hopkineon 1,242, Mr. Theaker 
59. Processions and great commotion took 
place during those days. 

THOMAS GREENWOOD is said to have 
been a schoolmaster in the Yorkshire part of 
Todmorden. He was author of "Zeta, Historic 
Glimpses of England and her Sons; and oth.gr 
poems." Printed for the author by S. Waltou, 
Todmorden, 1861, small octavo, pages iv., 113. 
There are nineteen smaller pieces in the vol- 
ume. 



LXXVIIL POETS AND RHYMSTERS. <5). 



LORD HALIFAX. This writer has no 
connection with Halifaix, except taking the 
title held previously by the Saviles, and now 
by the Woods. 

MISCELLANIES by the late Rt. Hon. Lord 
Marquess of Halifax. 8vo., 1700. Sells at 3s.; 
edition in 1704 sells at SB. 6d. 

Dr. Bentley's Dedication of Horace, to 
which is ridded a POEIM in Latin and English 
INSCRIBED TO LORD HALIFAX. [No 
Yorkshire Connection.] 12mo., London, 1711, 
33 pages. Sells at 5s 

THE WORKS and Life of the Rt. Hon. 
Charles, late Earl of Halifax; portrait, 8vo., 
1715. Sells at 3s. 

POEMS ON SEVERAL OCCASIONS, with 
his Lordship's Life and Times. Small 8vo.. 
1715. Sells at 2s., 4s. 6d. 
{Contains the satire, "The Hind and 

Panther, transversed to the story of the 

Country Mouse and the Ci'ty Mouse."] 

POETICAL WORKS. 1716; sells at 2s., 
2s. 6d. 

MISCELLANIES IN PROSE AND VERSE; 
General Resurrection, Satire, Fables, Songs, 
Epigrams, Epitaphs &c., 1754. Sells at 3s 6d. 

HALIFAX HYMNOLOGY, See Samuel 
Knight, Chetham, Bell. Parsons, Lightcliffe, 
&c. 

HYMNS AND SPIRITUAL SONGS from 
various authors, with some unpublished pieces 
Halifax, E. Jacobs, 1772, 12mo. 

LESSONS SELECTED FROM THE OLD 
VERSION OF THE PSALMS; email 8vo. 
Halifax, E. Jacobs, 1789. 

"SELECT PORTIONS OF PSALMS" taken 
from the Old and New Versions, and that of 
Mr. Merrick; to whaoh are added a FEW 
HYMNS from approved authors. Compiled 
for the use of the congregation of Holy 
Trinity Church, Halifax. Ha ifax. Ei. 
Jacobs, 1798. Pages iv., 180; small 8vo. 



[Preface, dated September 1798. No index, 
and authors not named.] 

BRIEIF SUPPLEMENT to Psalms and 
Hymns of Dr. Watts. Recommended by Dr. 
John Flawcett, 2nd edition, corrected, iial:- 
fax, T. WiiJker, Silver-street. 1816, 102 pages, 
12mo., 270 hymns- 

PSALM-S AND HYMNS for the Pa rich 
Church, Halifax, N. Whitley, 1826, 294 pages. 
I2mo. 

Ditto, Appendix; Halifax, Whitley and 
Booth, 1837. 134 pages, 12mo. 

HALIFAX SE1LECTION OF HYMNS, a 
Supplement- to Dr. Watts. Halifax. Whitley 
and Booth, 1834, 12mo., 520 hymns 

SELECT PORTIONS, &o./for use at Holy 
Trinity Church, Halifax, 3rd edition. Hali- 
fax. B. Jacobs, 1805; iv., 180 pages, plus 8 
for index, but no authors' names. 

Fifth edition, 1814, Hoxien, printer pp. iv 
180, viii. 

Sixth edition, 1823, Holden, printer, pp. 
iv., 180, viii. 

COLLECTION OF HYMNS FOR THE 
CONGREGATION OF LIGHTCLIFFE 
OHAiPEL. 3rd edition, 1819, 74 pages. Hali- 
fax, El Jacobs. 

PSALMS AND HYMNS, selected from ap- 
proved authors, for the Parish Church of 
Halifax. First edition 1826. 

With Appendix 2nd edition, 1829. Halifax, 
N. Whiidey; pp. iv., 294. 

With Appendix, 4th edition, 1837. Haufax, 
Whitley and Booth, pages ilv., 292. Pflace 
dated April 21, 1826. Index of first lines, but 
no authors' names, thus spoiling a good hymn- 
book. 

Appendix, Leparatey, 32mo., J837, 154pp. 
New edition, 1838, 32mo. 

Edition, 1343. The Appendix has also a 
separate title pa^e; pages 191 x 94. . 

[Fifoh] edition, 1847. Halifax, Whitley 
and Bootii. 2o9 pages Psalms and Hyiins, 
Appendix to above, new edition; Halifax, 
Whitley and Booth. 1847, 112 pa.^es. 

Edition 1856 (erroneously given a^ Fifth on 
the title page); with appendix. Halifax, 
Whitley and Booth, pages 191 x 94. 

Sixth edition. Whitlev and Booth, 1861 pp. 
191 x 94. 

HYMNS AND SPIRITUAL SONGS com- 
pcsed from prophetic writings of Jjonna 
Poathcott, by Philip Pullen. London, 1813, 
pages x., 223. 

[Not a Halifax book, but stamped for So<nth- 
cottian Chapel, where Sion Independent 
Chapel now stands.] 

SELECTION OF HYMNS designed as a 
Supplement to Dr. Watts. (Rev. El. Parsons.) 
Halifax, 1819. Third edition, Halifax, 1828. 

PSALMS, &c., (Also Prayer Book of same 
date) 1808, Halifax, Holden and Dowson. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



131 



HALIFAX MUSICAL FESTIVAL. 



HISTORICAL RFJCORD of the 
Musical Festival held September 29, 30, and 
October 1. 1830. in the Parish Church, for 
the Recent of the General Dispensary, to 
which is added an account of a Ball, and an 
introduction, with a statement of accounts, 
&c. Halifax, N. Whitley, "Chronicle" Office, 
1830, 4to; 107 pages. Sells at 8s. 6d. 
HALIFAX SUNDAY SCHOOL JUBILEES. 

Hymns to be sung at the Celebration of the 
Halifax S.S.J., in the Piece Hall, on Wednes- 
il.i.v. September 14, 1831; 8 pages. Halifax. 
H\!iin> ......... at successive gatherings every 

five yaws. 

PROGRAMME OF HYMNS, Ac., ......... 

Seventh Commemoration ......... in the Piece 

Hall. Whit-Tuesday. May 22. 1866. 

D/uto. 8th Commemoration, May 30, 1871 

Ditto. 9th, June G, 18,'G. 23 pages. CEN- 
TENARY, 1880, 23 pp. 

Ditto. Commemorations, 1885, 1890. 

THE YORKSHIRE MUSICAL MISCEL- 
LANY; comprising an elegant selection of 
i.ie most admired songs in the English 
Language. Set to Music. Halifax, E. 
Jacobs. 1800. Pages viii., 232. Be-wickian 
tailpieces. 

[Contents 110 songs; toasts, two pages. 
Neither Authors' nor composers' names given. 
"God saye great George our king. 
Long live our noble king, 
God itiive *'he king." 

The pieces are general, not local : drinking, 
amatory, naval and war songs. "The Chapter 
of Kings" The Romans in England they once 
did sway, is attributed to a Yorkshire School- 
master. Finishes \vith ''God save Charlotte 
our Queen."] Sells at 5s., 4s., 10s., 2s. 6d., 
3s. 6d., 6s. 

-SPIRITUAL HARP, a Collection of Hymns, 
Sengs, Anthems, Chants and Choruses for the 
Choir, Congregation and Social Circle [intro- 
duced into Halifax for the Spiritua ist Meet- 
ings but no',1 a local book,] by J. M. Peebles 
and J. O. Barrett. London, 1875. 262 page*. 

"HALIFAX HARMONIC SOCIETY" Rules, 
14 pages, 1795. E. Jacobs, printer. 

''Selection', with Rules of the Harmonic 
Society, 8 pages, 1793, E. Jacobs, printer. 

HALIFAX PIECE HALL. A broadsheet was 
printed by E. Jacobs for the opening of the 
Manufacturers' Hall, Halifax. January 2, 1779, 
giving the description and cost, and a Song 
isung at the opening: "When Adam and his 
consort Eve," 48 lines, besides the chorus 
four lines. 

WESLEY'S HYMN BOOK, 570 pages, print- 
( M! by Nicholson, Halifax, c. 1820. 

CLERGYMAN'S CHOICE OF A WIFE, &c. 
Halifax, 1738; see Hotten's Catalogue, p. 299. 



Etching of a Female Ballad Singer. in 
leathern dress, ta/ken from*life, by W. Wil- 
liams, Halifax, 1759; reproduced in Yorks. 
Anthology (Turner), Vol. I. 

THE BRITISH SPY. One day as I rambled 
across Kingston Park : ballad of 50 lines, 
fta-ifax, E. Jacobs^ c. 1800. 

RECREATIONS; poems, 30 pages, Halifax, 
Holden and Dowson, printers; c. 1803. 

INTERESTING LIFE of Gustavns Vat;a, 
written by himself, with poems on various 
subjects, portrait, 12mo. Halifax, 1812. 

NARRATIVE OF THE LIFE of Olaudan 
Equano, the African, written by hcmself, to 
which is added various poems &c., &c. 12mo 
Hailifax, 1812. 

CHRISTMAS PRESENT FOR YOUNG 
PERSONS, containing Poetical Allusions to 
Our Saviour's Life and Sufferings &c., Hali- 
fax, 1823. 

HALIFAX CRIES IN 1830 : A Round for 
five voices by J. Pudding aud Co., n.u., 4 
pages, music. 

REPORT OF THE PRINCIPAL SPEECHES 
AND SONGS at the Great Whig Radical 
Banquet at Halifax, Odd-Fellows' Hall, 
February 3, 1853. Leeds, Moxon and Walker] 
22 pages. Satirical. 

[The Songs are The Vicar of Leeds Ak- 
royd's song To be a great friend, Sir Charles 
Wood's song There are bores, Frank Cross- 
ley's song When first 1 began, and nine 
others, including the Rev. Enoch Weller's A 
persecuted man I stand, and Michael Stocks', 
I am a double brewer. 

Pedlar's fly-sheet: The man that could not 
get warm, All you who are fond; The Rose of 
Allandale, The moon was fair. Printed for 
W. Midgley, Rustsel Street, Halifax. One page, 
4to. 

THE BOY BISHOP, a ballad of Old Hali- 
fax, dedicated to the members of St. Sebas- 
tian's Guild, Halifax. 8\o. Halifax, 1877. 

ANNIE LINN, the Moorland Flower, a 
poem; Leeds, 1866. Dated Halifax, January 
1S66. This was written by JOHN HARTLEY; 
see |n>st ci i-. 

DOLLY'S GAON, (Polly's Gaon), see "EZRA 
DOYLE." 

STANNARY CHAPEL PRIZE POEMS: 
Sheet of three columns. Subject "Home." 
Poems by H. H. Bowman, FJdwin Lund, 
Thomas Tiffany, 187- . 

STANNARY CHAPEL PRIZE POEMS 
1872: Poems by H. H. Bowman, Leah Town- 
amd, Grace Etlis Wharton. 

TRIUMPH OF FAITH, by "Preceptor." 10 
pages, 2d. 1825, Thomas Walker, printer. 
Halifax. 

BLAIR'S GRAVE, 36 pages, 1815, Halifax, 
T. Walker. 



132 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



THE PRINCIPLES OF THE CHRISTIAN 
RELIGION, in ilain and Easy Verse; by 
Phillip Doddridge. Halifax, H. T. Rogers, 
1832. 32mo., 29 pages. 

A CABINET OF JEWELS FOR THE 
CHILDREN OF GOD, by S. DEACON (? a 
Yorksliireman.) Halifax, Nicholson and Wil- 
son, 1838. 32mo., 128 pages. [NICHOLSON 
was editor of poetical works, as for example, 
next item.] 

THE SACRED GARLAND; or the Christ- 
ian's Daily Delight; comprising a text of 
Scripture, an Anecdote and an illustration; 
amd Poetry for every day in the year. Hali- 
fax, Nicholson and Wilson, 1843, 18mo., pp. 
iv., 360; (by W. NICHOLSON.) Nicholson's 
firm removed to Wakefield, where they still 
carry on a flourishing business. 

THE GENEiRAL RECITER, a unique selec- 
tion of the most admired and popular Read- 
ings and Recitations, &c., frontispiece and 
plates by George Crunishank (one by Robert 
C.), small 8vo., Halifax, 1846. 

This first edition, unknown to Reid and 
Marchmont, sells for 21s. 

NIXON'S ORIGINAL CHESHIRE 

PROPHECY; pamphlet in doggerel verse. 
Halifax, n.d. 

THE FARMER'S BOY by Robert Bloom- 
field, printed by Whitley and Booth, Halifax, 
1835, 175 pages. 

MILNER AND SOWERBY, the celebrated 
Halifax printers, have been pioneers in pub- 
lishing cheap editions of Standard works in- 
cluding our national poets; including as 
follows : 

ROBERT BURNS, Poetical Works, with a 
Memoir of the Author's Life, and a Glossary; 
32mo., Halifax, William Milner, 1840, pages 
xvi., 368. 

ROBERT BURNS; Complete Works, with 
an account of his Life, and a criticism on his 
Writings; to which aire prefixed some Ob- 
servations on the Character and Condition of 
the Scottish Peasantry, by James Currie, with 
Glossary and portrait. 8vo., Halifax, 1842. 
Sells at 2s. 

ROBERT BURNS, Complete Works with 
Life. &c., by James Currie, M.D., por- 
trait. Halifax, Milner and Sowerby, 8vo., 
1857, pages xcviii., 260. 

ROBERT BURNS, ^another of Currie's 
edition, 1859, 8vo. portrait; sells at 3s. 6d. 

ROBERT BURNS, other editions after 
Currie, small 8vo., no date. Sells at Is.. 
IB. 6d. 

Another edition has eight steel plates, pub- 
lished at 2s. 9d. and 3s. 6d. 

ROBERT BLOOMFIELD: The Farmer's 
Boy. (1835.) 

LORD BYRON; Select Works; Hours of 
Idleness, FJnglish Bards and Scotch Reviewers. 
Cain a mystery. &c., and Life of the Author. 



f2mo., Halifax, William Milner, 1840; pages 
xii., 372; portrait. Sells at 4s. 6d. 

LORD BYRON; poetical works, with Life 
and Copious Notes. Family edition; small 
8vo., 1865, Milner ami Sowerby; pages xv., 
702. 

LORD BYRON; various other editions by 
the same publishers; also in three distinct 
volumes. 

S. BUTLER'S HUDIBRAS; Halifax Cotta g 
Library edition; published at Is. 

BLAIR, GRAY AND DODD; Cotige 
Library, Is. 

SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE, Poetical 
and Dramatic Works, with Life of the Author. 
A new edition, Halifax, Milner and Sowerby, 
1857. pages xx., 430. Frontispiece. 

WILLIAM COWPEK'S Poems. 

JOHN DRYDEN'S Works; 2 Vols. 

MRS. HEMANS. 

THE POETICAL WORKS OF REGINALD 
HEBEIR, Late Bishop of Calcutta. Frontispice 
portrait. Ha if ax, Milner and Co., n.d., 
pages xxxviii., 218. 

[The Bishop was born at Mialpas, 1783, 
but his father and ancestors resided at Mar- 
ton-in-Craven . 1 

'SAMUEL JOHNSON, LL.D., Lives of the 
most eminent English Poets; with critical 
observations on their works. 2 vols., small 
8vo; pages 468, and 437. Halifax, 1835. Sells 
at 2s., 3s. 6d., 3s., 2s. 6d. 

JOHN KEATS, Poems. 

HENRY WADSWORTH LONGFELLOW; 
Poetical Works. Halifax, Mflner and Sower- 
by, 32mo., pp. ex., 402. 

JOHN MILTON'S Poetical Works, with 
Life of the Author by Elijah Fenton. 32mo., 
frontispiece, pages xiv., 431. 1859; miner 
and Sowerby. 

PARADISE LOST, Poem in Twelve Books, 
by JOHN MILTON, with Life of the Author. 
Halifax, printed (by Hartley and Watker) for 
W. Milner. 1835 Pages viii.. 304. [The Life 
pp. iii. vji., is signed by Elijah Fenton, Staf- 
fordshire poet, died 1730, and is followed by 
Andrew Marvel's poem on Paradise Loiit. 
Good type in this edition.] 

Other editions, various sizes, since; includ- 
ing Cottage Library edition at Is. 

THOMAS MOOR*E, Poems, two vols. 

HANNAH MORE; Poetical Works; con- 
sisting of Sacred Dramas. Ballads. Hymns, 
Epitaphs and Inscriptions. Halifax, n.d., 
pages xxix., 198 x 214. Frontispiece. 

A. POPE'S Works. 3 vols., Cottage Library, 
Is. per vol. 

E. A. POE. Poems. Cottage Library at Is. 

POPE'S HOMER'S ILIAD. 

SIR WALTER SCOTT, five volumes. Cot- 
tage Library at Is. each. Also larger editions 

P. B. SHELLEY; three volumes, Cottage 
Library at Is. each. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



133: 



Also Poetical Works, 8 steel engravings, 
Halifax, 1865, small 8vo. Sells at 4s. 6d. 

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE, Complete 
Works, consisting of his Plays and Poems, 
with a critical preface by Dr. Johnson; Life 
of the Am'hor. glossary; new edition, Hali- 
fax, Milner and Sowerby, 1860, pages xxiv., 
742; imperial 8vo., portrait. Editions, 1658, 
&c. Sell at 2s. 6d. 

JAMES THOMSON'S Seasons. 

WILLIAM WORDSWORTH'S poems, 2 
vols., Cottage Library at Is. each, and other 
editions. 

HENRY KIRK WHITE, Cottage Library, 
Is. 

REV. W. WALTERS (? Yorkshiremauj, 
edited for Messrs. Milner and Sowerby, Pearls 
of Sacred Poetry; The Sacred Garland, three 
series; Divine Garland, &c. 

EDWARD YOUNG, LL.D. 

COMPLAINT, OR NIGHT THOUGHTS on 
Life, Death, and Immortality To which is 
added a paraphrase on part of the Book of 
Job. IQmo., Halifax, W. Milner, 1835; p.p. xii, 
312. 

NIGHT THOUGHTS. Halifax, for Hartley 
and Walker, 1837; printed by H. Spink, 
Leeds; frontispiece, pp. iv.. 283. 

NIGHT THOUGHTS, 32mo., Halifax, Milner 
and Sowerby, 1858, 262 pages. 

Collections of Poems; printed at Halifax. 
Milner and Sowerby: 

GEMS OF POETRY, 2 vols., Cottage Library. 

POEIMS FOR ALL THE YEAR 

POETICAL KEEPSAKE. 

SACRED HARP, 2 vols. 

OLNEY HYMNS. 

LOVER'S OFFERING. 

POETRY OF LOVE. 

POETICAL GIFT BOOK. 

WEDDING GIFT. 

NURSERY RHYMES. 

EVERGREEN GIFT BOOK. 

FIRST LOVE AND OTHER POEiMS. 

FORGET MB NOT. 

HEART'S EASE. 

HOURS OF THOUGHT. 

I LOVE BUT THEE, Ac. 

LANGUAGE AND POETRY OF FLOWERS. 

MY POETIC COMPANION. 

"I; \XGE BLOSSOMS. 

POETIC GIFT OF FRIENDSHIP. 

POETRY OF THE AFFECTIONS, 32mo., 
1861, pages xv., 175. 

THE TOUR OF DR. SYNTAX IN SEARCH 
OF THE PICTURESQUE. A Poem. Hali- 
fax, Milner and Co., n.d. 256 pages, with 
frontispiece. 



LXXIX.-POETS AND RH^MSTERS. (6). 

REV. ARTHUR VINE HALL, son of Rev. 
Arthur Hall, born at Luddenden Foot. 
Two other poetical works by him have been 
previously mentioned. 

POEM'S: Scarborough, John Hagyiird n.d. 
60 pages. , 

Dedicated to George Macdonald, LL.D., 
preface dated Scarborough, March 1889, 
Contents, 18 pieces. Mr. Hall was Congrega- 
tional Minister at Scarborough, but is now 
at Cape Town. The Rev. Newman Hall was 
his uncle. 

S. B. HALL was anther of THE TEST OF 
FAITH; ISRAEL A WARNING TO BRI- 
TAIN and other Poems. Halifax, Whitley 
and Booth. 1839. Pages vii., 256. 

[Preface dated Skipton. May, 1839. Con- 
tents Test of Faith 1 70, Israel 71 166 r 
Cholera 167180, Psalms paraphrased (8)* 
Miscellaneous Poems 205256.] 

JOHN HARTLEY. Bora at Halifax Oct. 
19. 1839. A portrait and biography appears 
in the "Yorkshire Bibliographer." ANNIE 
LINN; The Moorland Flower-, small 8vo.. 
1866: punished anonymously, 52 pages, print- 
ed at Leeds by C. Goodall. 

ORIGINAL ILLUMINATED CLOCK AL- 
MANACK, Halifax, 1867; afterwards (to the 
present year) by "W. Nicholson, Wakefield, 
Dialect stories and poems. The issues 
for 1875-6 were edited by Jas. Burnley, and 
1873-4 by E. Hatfitor. 

YORKSHIRE DITTIES, edited by William 
Dearden. Wakefield, 1868, 12mo. 

YORKSHIRE DITTIES. First Series; (2nd 
edition). Wakefield, W. Nicholson and Sons, 
n.d., 143 pages. Is.. 12mo. [Introduction: 
Yorkshire Dirties, 1st Vol. being out of 
print, a revised edition now issued. Uite 
Bigger, To th' Swallow, Plenty o' brass, Tb' 
little stranger, Babby biirds, Wayvin music. 
That's a fact, Stop at hooam Short timer,. 
First 'oth sooart throo Pndsey, Uncle Ben, 
Old Bachelor's story, Aght o' wark. Another 
Ba,bby, Little black hand, Lily's groan, 
Native Twang. Shoe's thi sister. Persevere^ 
Roadside flower, a<nd prose bits. 

YORKSHIRE DITTIES. Second Series. 
Wakefield, W. Nicholson and Sons, n.d., 
143 pages. Is. 12mo. 

[Ded. to Richard Cherry, C.E.] Th' Better 
Part, Done Agean, Latter Wit My Gron- 
fayther's Days, Heart Broken, To a Daisy, A 
Barf Sooart, All we had, Give it em hot. Th' 
honest hard worker, Niver Heed Sing on, 
What it is to be a mother, Sooap, Come thi 
ways, Jenny, There's mich expected, Strange 



134 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Stooary, Take. Heart, Did yo' Iver, Olden 
Christmas morning, Billy Bumble's bargain, 
Rejected, Duffin Jonny. Lost Love, Th' traitle 
sop, To let, A hawporth; prose pieces follow.] 

A SHEAF FROM THE MOORLAND: A 
Collection of Original poems. Waketield, 
Wm. Nicholson and Son, n.d., 184 pages. 

[Ded. to Nicholson Brothers, publishers, 
1880. Contents at the end, Annie Linn, the 
Moorland Flower, and 64 shorter pieces, 
Daffydowndilly, Eliza, Bonny Nellie, Twins. 
Snow in May, The Bells, Hope on, Licensed 
to Sell, Peter the pieman, &c.] 

JOHN HARTLEY'S Yorkshire Christmas 
Annual, 1879. (Proee and poems). 

PENSIVE POEMS and Startling Stories. 
Bradford, 1876, 128 pages. 

FRIEND FOR THE FESTIVE SEASONS, 
Christmas Annual 1879. Wakefield, large 
8vo., 66 pp. 

Hartley's prose works are numerous and very 
popular, especially the dialect stories, SSeets 
i' London. Seets i' Paris, Sects i' Blackpool, 
Grimes' Trip to America, &c.; Yorkshire 
Puddin, Many a. Slilp, A Rolling Stone. 
Various editions in books and pamphlets are 
regularly being issued. 

Undoubtedly he has the greatest popularity 
of any Yorkshire writer, and his dialect 
poems certainly place him first in that line. 
When living in Halifax he was engaged as a 
worsted-designer at Akroyd's Mill ; for a short 
time he kept a public-house in Bradford, and 
gave public recitations at various places. 
For some years he has been hid away from 
the public except by the issue annually of the 
inimitable "Clock Almanack." 

EDMUND HATTON, Bradford, wrote 
Fewsee Leete, Chrissie Diahn in a cellar, 
&c., and was editor of the Clock Almanack in 
1875-6. James Bland, Halifax, was editor of 
the first issue, 1865. (See John Hartley.) 

REV. THOMAS HAWKINS, Warley. has 
been previously noticed. He published 

ASTRO-THEOLOGY; a poem, and the 
Solar System morally improved. 1827, 10 
pages, 12mo. 

THE LOOSANDEOa TRACT, consisting of 
Miscellaneous Pieces in Prose and Veree. by 
Loosander Laureetina. Halifax, P. K. Hoi- 
den. 1818. 

[Title page. Address at W(arley) C(hapel) 
on Princess Charlotte, 1 6; Encouragement, 
poem, 1 2; Seventeen Missionary Hymns 
(original), 1 8; C. Cayley's poem and Echo, 
1 2; Reflections on Sons of God, prose, with 
two poems, 1 8, Intellect or Mind of Man, 
and Rochester, poems, 1 8; Reflections, prose 



18; Intellect, part 2, poem, 1 4 ; Faith. 
poems and hymns, 1 8; Eirrata, 1 page. 
Sermons announced for January March 1819, 
1 page, Meaning of Loosander, and poem, 1 
page.J 

The Rev. Thomas Hawkins, from Ailsbury; 
ordained in 1796; resigned Warley Independ- 
ent Chapel, near HaJifax, 1823; died 1-ebiu- 
ary 9, 1838. I have a photograph wy.v of 
his portrait by Miss Brancker, of \ork. 
Mr. Milne, of Calverley, has the original 
picture. 

JAMES HEAPS, Rhodes-street, Halifax: 

VOJCE FROM THE IMAGE BREAKER 
("ICONOCLAST/') on Has Man a Soul? 
Halifax, 1859. id., 8 pages; Crabtree and 
Son, printer. 

WILLIAM HEATON, born at Lud<leudc n 
in 1805, died at Halifax, 1871. He was a 
carpet weaver, until old age, when he was a 
caretaker at the People's 1 Park, Halifax. He 
died August 14, 1871, and was buried (as 
stated on the funeral card now before me) at 
Christ Church, Mounu PeUon. On this card 
are 24 lines, beginning: "Take back the 
harp, written to his memory by John Hartley 
probably. He contributed a story to Bol- 
royd's Bradfordian, poems to Country Words, 
(Batley), and local newspapers. His "Ould 
Malley's Voluntine" was a, favourite poem in 
the days of "Penny Readings." My good 
old friend Abraham Holroyd gives a very 
simple account of a visit) to his brother-poet 
at Halifax. "In the Autumn of the year 
1861, I was one day in Halifax on business, 
and having done, I found that I could not 
return with my third-class ticket to Brad- 
ford for two hours. I therefore decided to 
hunt up Mr. William Heaton, of whom I had 
heard much from my friends, Messrs. Thos. 
and Richard Nicholson. On enquiring, I was 
told that I should probably meet with him in 
the little park which Sir Francis Crossley had 
presented to the people oi Halifax, and of 
which William was then the keeper. On 
reaching the park I looked round, and pre- 
sently spied a man sitting on one of the 
benches, and on speaking to hnm I found he 
was the one I was in search of. He was slim 
in person, and appeared to be between fifty 
and sixty years of age. His countenance was 
exceedingly pleasant, and on my telling him 
my name we were chatting away in a moment 
as if we had been acquainted all our lives. 
" Come to my home in Green Lane, " he said, 
"and I will show you my manuscrpts and 
we will have a long talk together." 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



135 



When we arrived at the door of the cottage, 
he took the ke.v out of his pocket and opened 
it. He then told me that he had beeu tv. ice 
married, and had had two children by his 
first wife, but all, he said, were then dfad, 
and he was left alone in his old age. The 
fire was out in the grate when we entered, 
and the room had little furniture in it and 
indeed looked dreary. On the walls, which 
were only whitewashed, whole poems and odd 
verses were scribbled in pencil on all sides of 
us. These, he said, were his manuscripts, 
and had been written there at the time of 
their first composition, and afterwards put on 
paper, when wanted for the press. He had 
published, with the help of friends by sub- 
scription, two volumes of his writing. 
These I bought of him. The first is entitled 
"The Flowers of Oalderdale," 1847; and the 
second, "The Old Soldier;" The Wandering 
Lover; and other Poems." 1857. A very nice 
portrait of the author K .s appended to the 
latter volume, but I do not recognise it as a 
good likeness. 

I found the poems on the walls of the 
cottage pure in pentiment and expression, and 
almost perfect in rhythm; but the spelling 
was that of an illiterate person, and there 
was not the le^sd attempt at pnnetuat.'on. 
This made me wonder how he had got his 
books into order, but he told me that some 
friends had assisted him in their prepara- 
tion; Mr. Wm. Dearden, author of ''The Star 
Seer," being one of them, who lived at "The 
Rollins." Warley. "His first volume had 
ben of no benefit to him," he said, an:! 
ninety-five of his subscribers, on whom he re- 
lied, declined taking the copies. His second 
volume was dedicated to the late John Cro^fs- 
ley, of Manor Heath, near Halifax; and the 
amthor, by request, has given an extremely 
interesting account of his own life; valuable 
as a record of his pursuit of knowledge under 
difficulties, and of his attachment amidt all 
his poverty and afflictions to the compnnion- 
ship of the Muses. As an introduction, is 
appended the last poem writ-ten by Bernard 
Barton, a.nd which was sent to the author. 

William Heaton lived ten years after my 
visit to him, and died in the 14th of August, 
1871. and is buried at Christ Church, Mount 
Pellon. Halifax. As he was born in 1805. at 
the beautiful and secluded village of Ludden- 
den. he would be 65 years of age. 

THE OTD SOLDTT7R; THF, WANDERING 
LOVER and other Poems, together with a 
Sketch of the Author's Life. Published by 
request. Halifax, T. and W. Birtwhi^tle. 
ia57. Pages xxiv., 204. small 8vo. 



[Portrait frontispiece Ded. to John Cross- 
ley, J. P., Preface dated Green Lane, Halifax, 
1857. Contents, 86 pieces: Holmfirth Flood, 
Caklerdale Poems, Cullingworth, Kirkstall. 
Natural Scenery, Moral Pieces. Poem by 
Bernard Barton. Life born at Luddenden, 
February, 1805.] 

LINES ON ANCIENT FORESTRY. 1844. 
broj'idside. ''Green Leaves and Sprigs of 
Heather." Is., announced; 200 pages 

FLOWERS OF CALDERDALE, Poems with 
Notes, December, 1847. 2&., 8vo. 
["Christmas has come" is a beautiful poem.] 

CLIPPINGS FROM THE HEDGES, or 
Sketches from Yorkshire Life. No. 4. Th' 
Ould Maid's Dream; to which is added Ewer 
Tom and hi Leather Britches. Halifax, 
Baildon and Son, 1866. 16 pages each, Id. 

No. 1, Visit to th' Thump. 

No. 2, Th' Onld Bachelor. 

No. 3. Th' Onld Bachelor. 

HEBDEN BRIDGE. "The Masonic Vocal 
Manual, comprising songs, duets, glees, etc. 
together with valuable Masonic information." 
Small 12mo., Hebden Bridge, W. Garforth. 
[1852.] Anonymous. 

J. HELLIWFJLL, Halifax, wrote 

COUNTY RHYMER, containing the names 
and positions on the Map of all the Counties 
in the United Kingdom, in veree. 1898. 

SIR WILLIAM HFJRSCHEL. LL.D.. F.R.S.. 
born at Hanover November 15, 1738. Fon of a 
musician. Joined the Hanoverian Guards' 
band and came to Durham about 1/755. He 
was organist at Halifax Parish Church until 
1766, when he removed to Bath, where takinrr 
up astronomy he discovered Uranus or 
Herschel. He then became Royal Astronomer 
at 400 a year, and abandoned music as a 
profession. Haydn visited him at Slough in 
1792. He died August 23, 1822. 

Symphony for Orchestra and trwo Military 
Concertos were published by him. 

[Stopford succeeded Herschel a* Hali- 
fax aaid held the post fifty years.] 

REV. OLIVER HEYWOOD, B.A., born at 
Little Lever, near Bolton; ejected from Coley 
Chapel in 1662. founded Nonconformity at 
Northowram and elsewhere in Yorkshire. 

Poems in Vol. I. of "Diaries," edited by 
J. Hornfall Turner; pages 39, 130. 222. 

Anagram on O. Heywood O Ro, hrde yon 
well; "My Sou''s a hunted roe," Ac. 130 
lines, page 213. "Diaries." 

ROBERT HT5YWOOD, of Heywood. Lan- 
cashire poet. See James Crossley, for Cliet- 
ham Society. 1869. 

TOM HINCHCLIFFD. celebrated vocalist, 
born ajt Stainland, March 20, 1820; worked 
with his father as a tailor until 24. His 



136 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



father and five of Tom's brothers were good 
musicians. In July, 1843, he married Miss 
Holroyd. of Rastrick. About 1848 he was ap- 
pointed bass-singer ivt Leeds Parish Church; 
and became known as the ''greac Yorkshire 
basso." With Mr. Inkeitsall and Mrs. Sun- 
derland he was popular throughout the 
country, and sang before the Queen. After 
the death of his two daughters in 1856, he 
left Leeds, and became Militia bandmaster 
at Hull, but four years later he took the 
Railway Hotel, Brighouse, which he held 
four years, and then managed the Talbot 
Hotel in Halifax. In 1870 he took charge of 
an inn at Gauxnolme, which he left in 
1879. He died at Halifax, May 12, 1880. 

JOSEPH COCHIN HOATSON (grandson of 
the Rev. Joseph Cockin, of Halifax,) ac- 
countant and sharebroker, edited with the 
Rev. Robert Bell a book of hymns at Hali- 
fax. Afterwards he was a clerk at Crossley's 
Carpet Works, Dean Clough, Halifax. 

JANE ANN HODGSON published 

A LEAF ON THE CURRENT. Halifax, T. 
and W. Birtwhistle, 1873, pages xxiv., 168, 
12m o. 

[Errata slip. Dedication to Rev. J. Moore, 
St. Mary's, Halifax. Subscribers. Contents 
poems on Nature 10, Seasons 5, Sacred sti 1 -- 
jects 6, miscellaneous 50; preface dated Hali- 
fax, October. 1873.] 

GEORGE HOGARTH, editor of the "Hali- 
fax Guardian," father of Mrs. Charles 
Dickens. 

WHITE ROSE OF YORK, a Midsummer 
Annual, edited by Geo. H., prose and vejse. 
Halifax. Whitley and Booth, 1834, pages 
xiii., 336, 12mo. Sells at 2s. 6d. 

MEMOIRS OF THE OPERA in Italy, 
France, Germany, and Eng\and; 2 Vols., 
London, small 8vo., 1851; sells at 3s. 

El. HOLDSWORTH: PHARSALIA AND 
PHILIPPA. or the two Philippi in Virgil's 
Georgics. attempted to be explained and re- 
conciled to History. 4to.. 1742. Sells at 2s., 
3s. 6d. 

REMARKS AND DISSERTATIONS OX 
VIRGIL, with some other Classical Observa- 
tions, with Additional Remarks by Mr. 
Spence. Thick 4to., 1768. 

It is only assumed that he was a Halifax 
man. 

JOHN HOLDSWORTH. see Houldsworth. 

ISRAEL HOLROYD wrote " THE SPIRITU- 
AL MAN'S COMPANION, containing great 
variety of Chants and Anthems, also Tunes 
to the different Measures of the Psalm?." 
Third edition. 1733. 8vo. ; Mis r,t 5s. 

Fifth edition, with large additions never 



before printed, frontispiece, 1753. 8vo., 
sells at 2s. 6d. 

Edition printed at Halifax, n.d. 

I.H. [? John Horsfall, or Bishop John 
Horsfall, of Kilkenny, native of Hebden 
Bridge district.] The following by I.H. is at- 
tributed to John Horsfall : 

THE DIVEL OF THE VAULT, OR THE 
UNMASKING OF MURTHEK, in a brief 
declaration of the Cacolicke complotfed 
Treason Lately discovered. A poem on Guy 
Faukes' Plot. London, 1606, 4to. ; sells at 
,1, 4,, 17s. 

MRS. LOUISA ADELAIDE HORSFIELD. 
Blacker Hill, near Barnsley, afterwards of 
Halifax, died December 22. 1864, aged 34. 

THE COTTAGE LYRE, 1861. 

THE COTTAGEI.LYRE, being Miscellaneous 
Poetry. 18mo, Leeds, John Parrott, 1862 
2nd edition, enlarged, 108 pages; sixty-five 
short miscellaneous rhymes, by a devoted 
Primitive Methodist working-man's wife. 

JOHN HOULDSWORH, see Cheetham's 
Pealmody. 

Organist at Halifax Parish Church from 
1819 to 1836, having previously assisted John 
Stopford, who was organist there from 1766 
to 1819. Stopford also issued editions of 
Chetham. Eleven editions of the BOOK OF 
PSALMODY by Cheetham or Chetham had 
appeared between 1718 and 1787. Mr. Houlds- 
worth issued an enlarged and revised edition 
in 1832; also in 1834, quarto; 1838 large 
octavo; 1844 quarto. The 20th edition was 
issued by Pohlmann and Son, Halifaix, 1868, 
4to.. various sizes, inscribed to Archdeacon 
Musgrave. 

16th edition, 1859, xvi., 232 pages, 4to., H. 
Pohlmann and Sons, Halifax, for the organ 
and pianoforte. 

NEW AND ENLARGED EDITION OF 
CHETHAM'S PSALMODY, harmonized in 
score with an arrangement for the Organ or 
Pianoforte by John Houldsworth, late 
Organist of the Parish Church, Halifax, 5th 
edition, Halifax, 1840. 

1853. New enlarged edition, by J. Houkte- 
worth, organist, Halifax, Parish Church. 
4to., Halifax. 

1855. 4to. 

1856. 4to.. Halifax; published at 18s.; sells 
at 4s. 6d. 

1861. Houldsworth's 18th edition, small 
folio. Halifax; sells at 4s. 6d. 

1875. 8vo. 

Modern editions, edited by J. V.Roberts, 
Halifax; with appendix, according to sizes, 
from 3s. 6d. to 13s. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS 



137 



[WILLIAM HOWORTH,] Brighouse, died 
1856. "THE CRY OF THE, POOR: a poem" 
[anonymously.] London, 1837; pages iv., 68, 
demy octaivo; published at 3s. Opening son- 
net signed W.H. 

THE REDEEMER: A Poem by William 
BJoworth, Author of "The Cry of the Poor." 
London. 1841, 308 pages . royal, octavo; pub- 
lished at 8s. 

There are many beautiful stanzas in these 
two works, of which few were printed. 

There is a monument to his memory in 
Brighouse Church. 

William Howorth lived with his sisters at 
the house <in Bethel Street near the druggist's 
shop. He had two uncles clergymen, the Rev. 
Wm. Howorth at) Ipswich, and the Rev. 
Thomas Howorth at Idle. Benjamin Greaves, 
of Idle, published two editions of "An itfegy 
to the Memory of the Rev. Thomas Howorth." 
Idle, J. Vint, printer, 1830. 2d., secon:! 
edition. 

REV. CHARLES HOYLE M.A., Trip. Coll. 
Cambridge, a native of Halifax, Chaplain to 
the Duke of Marlborough at Blenheim. 
Byron sneered at his blank epics in ''English 
Bards." 

EXODUS, 13 books, blank verse, published 
1808. 

THE CALDRON, a Poem. 

SHATONIAN PRIZE POE.M 

PILGRIM OF THE HEBRIDES. 

TTTRBB DAYS AT KILLARNEY. 

(These four are in tihe Halifax Philos. Soc. 
Library.) 



LXXX. POETS AND RHYMSTERS. (7). 

WILLIAM INGHAM. (I question whether 
he was a resident of Halifax Parish). POETKY 
FOR THE YOUNG, on Interesting Subjects. 
Halifax, Williitim Nicholson, 1360. 256 pages. 
[Authors' names omitted.] 

HENRY INGRAM, born in Liverpool in 
1779, but long resided at Breck near Halifax. 

THE FLOWER OF WYE, a poem ; 1815. 
(Halifax Philos. Libr.) A Metrical Romance 
in six cantos. 

NMTTLDA, a Tale of the Crueades a poem 
in six books. Thick large 8vo. ( pages xiv., 
390. Halifax, N. Whitley, 1830. 

ZULEIMA. ai Taile of Persia; Cain; St. 
Paul at Malta, and other Poems. Pages viii*. 
132, HaJifax, Whitley and Booth, 1844. 

[Poetical address To My Book. Contents 
12 items, eight of them minor poems, pp. 103 
132.] 

ROSA MACKENZIE KETTLE. Author of 
"Lord Maekelyne'e Daughter," "The Mistress 



of Langdale Hall," "Smugglers and Forest- 
ers," Ac., Ac. CHRISTMAS BERRIES and 
SUMMER ROSES, London, n.d., pages iv., 135. 

[Contents. Dedication to Annie Lister, 
Shibden Hall. Poems on Romilly at the 
Strid; (With hawk on hand, a boy's light 
bound). Shibden HaJl; (Winding past thickets 
of foliage and fern). Chapel of St. Colomba; 
(Over the rush of the railway trains). Wild 
Roses of Kirkstallj (High overhead, where 
the light winds play). The Halls of the West 
Riding; (Where are our ancient ha 1 Is and 
towers?] Miss Kettle resided at Parkstone, 
Dorset. "The Mistress of Langdale Hall" 
(Shibden) and "Hillesden on the Moor s " are 
Halifax stories.] 

REV. SAMUEL KNIGHT. M.A., Vicar of 
Halifax, eon of Rev. Titus Knight, Congrega- 
tional Minister at Halifax. 

SELECT PSALMS AND HYMNS, edited by 
S.K., Seventh edition, Halifax, J. Hartley. 
1833, 16mo.. pages iv., 181, ix . 1st edition. 
1798. 

REV. TITUS KNIGHT, a collier, became 
Independent Minister at Square Chapel, Hali- 
fax; author of prose works. Also of 

ELEGY ON THE DEATH of the Rev. 
George Whitefield. 1771, 18 pa^es. 3d. 

SMITH KNOWLES, born at Shroggs, Hali- 
fax, April 8, 1842, was adopted by the Rev. 
Philip P. Carpenter, B.A., Ph.D., of War- 
rington, conchologist ; settled in Manchester 
in 1857. He now resides at Sale; a retired 
printer and publisher. 

EVERY BAND OF HOPE BOY'S RE- 
CITER, 82 numbers of original prose and 
poems, at Id. each, published by J. Brook anil 
Company, Manchester. Also bound in 7 or 
3 vols. 

LAUGHABLE DIALOGUES, 26 penny num- 
bers. 

REV. HENRY KRABTREE (Crabtree), 
Curate of Todmorden. His famous Al'manack 
has a bit of rhyming. Todmorden Burials, 
1667, per me. H. Krabtree, curate, Mary dau^ 
John Bairstoiw, of Hollowpin, April 6; 
Anne, wife of John Bairstow, of Hollowpin, 
April. "John Bairstow of Hollowpin seeing 
both his daughter and his wife departed in 
peace, presently began to offer sacrifice unto 
Bacchus for joy. But he continued so long 
adoring of him that Apollo, the God of Wis- 
dom and Physick, was enraged at him. and 
struck him with a pestilential! ffeaver, which 
thing when John felt it violently raging in 
him, he confessed his sin, and humbly im- 
plored Apollo to cure him. which ye ingenious 
God presently did with I know not what 
kinds of purging and corroborative cooling 



138 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Julep. And he purged not only ye morbific 
matter and malignant humours but also 
cleansed his body of ye jugs of old Ale &c., 
his throat of ye mutton stakes yt stuck in it. 
But lo ! as soon as he felt himself cured, he 
forgot to return thanks to Apollo, and begnn 
again pelmel, day and night, to worship Bac- 
chus, the God of drunkness. in honour of 
whom he sacrificed (I do not say another 
bodys) sheep, and swallowed an ocean of old 
ale. But Apollo, seeing ye magnitude of his 
ingratitude, caused ye sun with hot scorch- 
ing beams to dry up all ye rivers, fountains, 
springs, and streams of strong drinke, and 
then was all the liquor lady's ale nymphs 
and beer brats lamentably left upon dry 
ground and so remain'd in a most pitifull 
posture, weeping, wailing, and wringing their 
hands. Which when John Baiirto-v saw and 
heard, aind oo'ld finde none of the decoction 
of malt to comfort ye cockles of his heart 
withall, he returned to his own habitation 
called Hollowpin, being situated in barren 
mountains amd hilly ground, like the land 
where Fames and Invidia dwelt. It is to be 
supposed yt being overcharged with immoder- 
ate sorrow his heart burst for very griefe 
and he died in a rage for want of ale, and 

came to Todmorden to be buryed May 1." 

("Old Yorkshire," 1889, page 106.) 
JOHN J. LANE, Brighouse, has issued 

WAYSIDE THOUGHTS, Miscellaneous 
Poems. 148 pages, contains "Jessie's Last 
Request," a, homely ballad for Band of Hope 
recitation, 96 lines, "Rags and Tatters," and 
fifty other pieces, temperance, and religious. 
Printed at Manchester, n.d. 

Some of the poems hj*ve been circulated as 
leaflets, e.g. "I never thanked him, or the 
Dying Gipsy Lad," 2 pages, Brighouse, Sep- 
tember, 1882; "Saved at Last," 4 pages. 

SAMUEL LAW, Barewise near Todmorden, 
weaver, published 

A DOMESTIC WINTER PIECE; or a poem 
exhibiting a full view of the Author's Dwell- 
ing Place in the Winter Season; in two parts, 
interspersed with a great variety of Enter- 
taining Reflections. Leeds. James Bowling, 
1772, 8vo., 64 pages. 

WILLIAM LAW, School Usher at Todmor- 
den, long resided at Sowerby Bridge. He wrote 

THE WANDERINGS OF A WANDERER; 
refers to Stoodley Pike &c., a small volume 
of poems, issued in parts. Cantos ii. and iii., 
sold separately art; 6d. Halifax, 1832. 

REV. GEORGE LEGH, LL.D., Vicar of 
Halifax, died December 6, 1775; participator 
in the Hoadley controversy. He issued 



THE CLERGYMAN'S CHOICE OF A WIFE 
DELINEATED, a poem, printed by E. 
Jacob, Halifa<x, 1776, published anonymously 
"by a Foreign Bishop, now residing and 
preaching in his diocese in Terra Incognita." 
The poem is dated at the commencement, 
April 1st, 1736, and the preface darted, Cam- 
bridge, August 30, 1738. 

LIGHTCLIFFB. 

A COLLECTION OF HYMNS and Oc- 
casional Pieces, selected for the use of the 
Congregation of Lightcliffe Chapel, 3rd edi- 
tion. Halifax, Jacob, 1819, pages ii., 74. 

[Hymns by Watts, J. D. Carlyle, Byrom's 
Christians awake, to Wainwright's Tune, 
Mason (Again returns the day of holy rest), 
solos for boys and girls.] 

SERVICE OF ^rtAISE to be used at the 
opening of the New Congregational Church, 
October, 1871, 16 pages, Halifax. 

REV. J. LIGHTFOOT, D.Sc., M.A., Cross- 
stonj Vicarage. 

CANTATAS. 
COMEDIETTA. 

Pastor metis Dominus, sacred oratorio, 
Halifax. Numerous Songs and Music, pub- 
lished by Novello, Pitman, &c. He is author 
of seven philosophical or mathematical books 
also. 

J. LIGHTOWLER 

A POEM, SONGS, BALLADS AND 
SONNETS, Halifax, Simpson and Tiffany, 
1867. 12mo., 100 pages, beautiful frontispiece, 
steel-plate. 

[Dedication to E.J., from St. James' Street, 
Bradford. Poem on Home Life (9 34), Songs 
14, Ballads 3, Sonnets 3ff. The ballads are 
As I approached Lucette, One .day when at 
the Garden gate, My love he is a sailor boy.] 

JOHN LONGBOTTOM, Poems in "York- 
shireman" 1875. TWELVE SCHOOL SONGS, 
8vo., 16 pages. Id. c. 1880. 

HENRY MARTIN, printer and newspaper 
editor, Halifax. 

SONNETS & MISCELLANEOUS POEMS; 
small 8vo., 72 pages, 1830, printed at Birm- 
ingham. 

REV. W. MAURICE, native of Ecclesfield, 
a Northowram student, edited Bolton Con- 
gregational Chapel Hymn Book; died 1802. 

THOMAS MEYRICK, a Corniahman, left 
fhe Methodist Ministry (Atmore's Memorials), 
and became a curate at Southowram and after- 
noon lecturer at the Parish Church. He died 
about 1770. He wrote a satirical poem to a 
Cornish clergyman who was addicted to in- 
temperance, but fell into the vice himself at 
last. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



139 



W. MIDGLBY, printer, Halifax, c. 1860, 
issued ballad-and-eong-mongers' sheets. At 
our feasfe and fairs and at the chief markets 
the old song dealer was found with hundreds 
of sheets pinned to a canvas some six feet 
high, stretched between two poles, 12 to 20 
feet apart, and reared against the market or 
some other wall. He in rarely to be found 
now. One of Midgley's sheets gives The Man 
that couldn't get warm, and The Rose of 
Alla-ndale. 

JOSEPH MILLER, schoolmaster at Long- 
wood (see Meeke's Diary, page 109). 

A CHOICE SELECTION OF FAMILY 
PRAYERS for every Day of the Week, to 
which are added a few Divine Poems by the 
Collector. Ha.Lifax, printed by P. Darby for 
the Collector, 1770. Price 6d. 

WM. MILNER, Halifax^, (*ee Halifax, 
Milner and Sowerby, poplular publishers). 

Wm. Milner besides being a publisher was 
an able editor. 

JOHN MITCHELL, a/uthor of "The Female 
Pilgrim," an imitation a long way behind 
of Bunyan, has an acrostic on his own name, 
and a poetical prologue of 140 lines, and the 
narrative is interspersed with similar rhymes. 
Printed at Halifax, 1809, by J. Nicholson. 
Who was this Mitchell? 

JAMES S. MORGAN wrote "Field and 
Fireside Musings." Todmorden, R. Cham- 
bers. 1861, pp. vi, 90. 

33 ' poems 9 songs, 11 sonnets, 1 ballad. 
One poem is on Todmorden Valley. He was 
a native of Tynedale. 

J. H. MOSS, Calder House Academy, Heb- 
den Bridge. 

MISCELLANEOUS POEMS, witih Notes. 
Keighley, 1862, 8vo, 248 pages. 

LXXXI. POETS AND RHYMSTERS. (8). 

J N or F N. The early MS. from which I 
reprinted the EUamd Tragedies (ballad sec- 
tion) was signed J.N. or F.N., a local man 
undoubtedly, and the writing was not 
than three centuries old, and therefore written 
before Bryan Bentley was born. 

KBV __ NABB, Halifax Clergyman. 

CALISTA; OR THE INJURED BEAUTY: 
a Poem founded on the fact. Written by a 
Ctergyman. London, 1759. One Shilling; 24 
pages, quarto. 

Soon as bright Phoebus beam'd a warmer day, 
And vernal blossoms grac'd the rising day; 
Of calm retirement 8mit with ardent love, 
Calista hasten'd to her wish'd for grove. 

[Claimed by Mr. Watson (Halifax, 1775,) as 
the work of a Halifax Clergyman; and my 
copy has in old writing "by Mr. Nabb, of 



Brazen Noee." I sought a copy thirty years, 
and have not seen another since I got mine in 
1884, costing 9s.] 

In 1675, the first edition \v;:>; published ol a 
book, small 4to., entitled "Calisto; or the 
Chaste Nymph, the late Masque at Court," 
and in 1709 "Tottenham Court, a pleasant 
Comedy" by T. Nabbs was issued.] 

The REV. E. NELSON, of Coley, and Lec- 
turer at Halifax Parish Church, is generally 
credited with the versified translations of the 
epitaphs in Jacobs' History of Halifax. 
WILLIAM NICHOLSON, Halifax, publisher, 
removed to Wakefield; poetical publications 
elsewhere named. 

REV. LAURENTIUS NYBERG, from Scan- 
dinavia, became a Moravian Minister in 
Yorkshire, and married Miss Carter, of Light- 
cliffe. Hymns, translated by La Trobe. 

Father throned on high. &c. 
MISS CHARLOTTE OATES, bora at Hali- 
fax, ApriL, 1856, brought to Daisy Cottage, 
Wyke, when an infant. At 21, sent her first 
pcem to a Blackpool paper, and afterwards 
frequently contributed to the Cleckheaton and 
other local papers. She was buried at West- 
field Chapel, Wyke, April 16, 1901. Volume 
issued during her lifetime. 

MISCELLANEOUS POEMS. SONGS AND 
RHYMES; issued after her death by her 
brother (announced), at 4s.. with 80 additional 
pieces, and portrait. 

REV. JOHN PARKER, late Minister of the 
Gospel, at Wainsgate, in Wadsworth, near 
Halifax, LETTERS TO HIS FRIENDS, with 
a Sketch of his Life and Character by John 
Fawcett, A.M. Leeds, Thomas Wright, 1794. 
Is. 6d., 214 pages. 

[Life, &c. J.P. was born at Barnoldswick 
in 1725, died May, 1793; interred at Barnolds- 
wick. Moral and religious verses interspersed 
in his letters; one on the death of the Rev. 
Isaac Slee, Haiworth, January 13, 1784. He 
composed hymns, also, to be sung, as lined 
out from the pulpit. Specimens are given in 
the "History of Barnoldswick Baptist 
Church.."] 

REV. EDWARD PARSONS, junior. Halifax, 
SELECTION OF HYMNS designed as s 
Supplement to Dr. Watts'. 32mo., Halifax, 
T. ? Walker, 1819, 220 pages; 3rd edition, Hali- 
fax, P. K. Holden, 1828 16mo., 292 pages. 
Edition, Halifax, P. K? Holden, 1838, 32mo. 
(See hia father's collection, Leeds, 1791.) 
POHLMANN AND SON, pianoforte 4o., 
makers music publishers. Halifax. 
original founder is buried in Coley Church- 
yard, N.W. corner. 



140 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Sale of Copyrights and Stock of Musical 
publications in London, IN ovember, 1886. 

ALFRED W. POLLARD, M.A., City of 
London School, son of Dr. Polliard, sivrgeon, 
Eastrick. 

ENGLISH MIRACLE PLAYS. Clarendon 
Press. 

CHAUCER'S CANTERBURY TALES, re- 
printed from the Globe edition; edited by 
A.W.P., printed on India paper, pages iv., 
310. 2s. 6d., small 8vo. Large paper copieg ) 
crown octavo, parchment, SO copies at ,3 3s. 
1886. 

SELECTIONS FROM AND ANNOTATIONS 
OF CHAUCER. Sidney's Astrophel and 
Stella, 12mo., 1888, published at 7s. 6d. 
Shakespeare's Four Folios, introduction by 
A.W.P., 1904. 

REV. EDWARD RAMSDEN, Incumbent of 
St. John's, Bradsihaw, Ovenden. 

CHRIST THE FOUNDATION, or Verses 
for the Times. Halifax, 1844. 

THE CHRISTIAN MINISTER, or Verses 
for the Times. Halifax, Whitley and Booth, 
1842, 12 pages. [Preface dated from Jumples 
House.] 

REV. JOHN RASTRICK, M.A., born at 
Heckington, near Sleaford. Vicar of Kirton, 
died in 1727, aged 78. Evidently though 
descended from the Yorkshire stock, he was 
not a Yorkshireman. Calamy, Vol. ii., 436-7. 
Two Manuscript books, 70 pages and 62 pages, 
and sundry family and local papers, prose, 
poetry, letters, &c., in small, clear hand- 
writing; 15s. from H. W. Ball, Barton-on- 
Humber. 

Letters to Thoreeby, Leeds, on Roman 
Coins "Gibson's Camden." and "Phil. Trans." 

DR. JOHN VARLEY ROBERTS, born at 
Stanningley in 1841, organist at Halifax 
Parish Church. 

APPENDIX AND SUPPLEMENT TO 
CHEETHAM'S PBalmody. See Cheetham and 
Houldsworth, Grove's Musicians (Vols iii., and 
Appendix 772,) gives biographical notioe. 

SAMUEL DRAKE ROBERTS ("Stephen 
Wyke." author of "THE YORKSHIRE 
COUSINS, a Novel), of Wyke and Gomersall; 
now Brighouse; born at Bradford, 1832. 

STANSFIELD, a tragedy; Heckmondwike. 
Clegg, 1864, 86 pages. 

JOSEPH ROBERTSHAW was born at 
Halifax in 1822, arid resided at Luddenden 
in 1836. In 1853 he removed to Keighley under 
the employment of Mr. S. C. Lister (Lord 
Masham). Edited the " Keighley Visitor " 
from August, 1855. He was author of 
"Sketches and Traditions of the Yorkshire 
Moorlands." 



"Meditative Hours, and other , 

Keighley, H. Aked, printer, 1850, 240 pages, 
en-all octavo. Dedication to Frank Cross' cy,' 
M.P. ; 76 pieces, mostly local description. 

"Yorkshire Tales and Legends." photo- 
graph, and tinted vignette, small octavo, 
Keighley, 1862; Includes "The One Pound 
Note, a tale of Hebden Bridge," "Tom Lee," 
&c 

W. ROBINSON was author of 

POETIC SKETCHES FROM WHARFE- 
DALE. Halifax, Baildon and Son, 1866, 16 
peges. 

BENJAMIN RUSHFORTH, a native of 
Halifax, was apprenticed to the grocery busi- 
ness in that town, but found his employment 
irksome, so ran away and joined the army. 
He served under the British flag in various 
parts of the world, China, India, &c., for n 
sufficient period to enable him to retire i;n a 
modest pension, settling down at Bolton in 
Lancashire. In course of time he lost his 
sight, and his income being small he had a 
bare living for some years. His love of 
poetry grew upon him in his solitude, and 
he managed by the help of friends to print 
two small volumes of poems. These particu- 
lars I had from his kinsman, Mr. B. 11. 
Thwaite, C.E., Westminster, late of Brighouse. 
I have only one of the publications, namely : 

MISCELLANEOUS POEMS by Benjamin 
Rushforth, the Blind Poet of Bolton. Dedi- 
cated to the Worshipful the Mayor of Boltor., 
James Barlow, E!sq. Preface dated August. 
1869, mentions a former publication. Bolton, 
Wm. Parkhouse, printer. Bridge Street. 
small 12mo., 103 pages; twenty trpics, mostly 
scriptural, and generally good. 



LXXXII. POETS AND HHYMSTEKS. (9.) 



WYE SALTONSTALL, I presume wab of 
the Halifax family, but probably not a native. 

"PICTURAE LOQUBNTES, or Pictures 
drawne forth in Characters, wicn a poeme 
of a maid," 24mo., London, 1631, 180 pages. 
Sells at 42s., 5. Second edition, 24mo., 
1635, sells at 12s. 6d., 23s., 38 characters. 

OVID'S HEROICALL EPISTLES; English- 
ed in Verse, by W.S., 24 small copper plates, 
12mo., London, 1636. Sells at 10s. 6d., 12s. 6d. 
Editions also in 1626, 1663, 1671, 1677, 1686. 

E. L. SCHLICHT, of Smith House and 
Wyke, Moravian Church, was a musical com- 
poser and poet. He died March 4, 1769. 

REV. JOHN SHACKLETON, formerly of 
Hebden Bridge. 

THE POEMS OF OSSIAN. originally trans- 
lated by J. Macpherson, attempted in English 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



141 



verse by the Rev. John Shackleton. 2 vols., 
8vo , Birmingham, 1817. Sells at 2s. 6d. 

GEORGE BARNETT SMITH was born at 
Ovenden in 18-4*. He now resides in North 
London. "Poems," 1869. 

POETS AND NOVELISTS, a Series of 
Literary Studies, small. 8vo., 1875. Sells at 
3s. 6d. 

P. B. SHELLEY A Critical Biography, 
small 8vo., Edinburgh, 1877. Sells at Is. 6d, 
2s. 6d., 3s., Is. 9d., 2s. 5s. 6d. 

ILLUSTRATED BRITISH BALLADS. OLD 
AND NEW, selected and edited by G.B.S., 
nearly 300 il.ustra<tions, very large 8vo., 2 vols. 
issued in 24 parts; Cassell and Co., London. 
Bound up, sells at 14s., 8s. 6d., 6s., 12s. 6d., 
15s. 

Publishers' Edition, 2 vols., imperial 8vo., 
Gassell, 1881. Sells at llu. 6d., 7s. 6d., 6s., 
15s., 8s. 6d., 16s., 8s., 6s. 6d., 9s. 
Fine paper edition, 1881, 27s. 6d. 
Publishers' Edition, 1686, 2 vols., imperial 
8vo. Sells at 10s. 6d., 10s., 20s. 

Publishers' Edition, 1894, 2 vols., imperial 
8vo. Sells at 7s. 6d. 

Mr Barnett Smith is author of many prose 
works. He wrote for the Halifax papers 
when a youth. 

REV. MATTHEW SMITH, Nonconformist 
Minister, of Thornton and Mixenden, born 
at York; in 1650 married a cousin of Rev. 
Thos Sharp, and daughter of Lieut. Sharp. 

THE VISION, OR A PROSPECT OF 
DEATH. HEAVEN AND HELL; a poem, 
1702. His theological works have been pre- 
viously given. 

SAMUEL SMITH, Bradford, died at Warley 
in 1873, aged 68; was buried at Undercliffe 
Cemetery, Bradford. 

A HANDBOOK OF CONGREGATIONAL 
PSALMODY; edrfed by S.S., Harmonies re- 
vised by WLliam Jackson, Masham. (Tonic 
Sol-fa edition transcribed by J. K. Longbottom 
Bradford.) Organ score 10s. 6d. ; others Is. 6d. 
to 6e. Pages viii., 128. 

[Preface to First edition dated Bradford, 
September, 1863. Index of First lines, of 
Tunes, &c.] 

THE BRADFORD TUNE BOOK, with Ap- 
pendix, Edited by S.S. Harmonies revised by 
Win. Jackson, Appendix by F. C. Atkinson. 
Sol-fa arrangement by T. K. Longbottom. 
Prices 2s. to 6s., editions. Pages xi., 176. 
Third edition. 

Edition, 1863, 24mo., pp. xv., 128. 
I'HE ANCIENT HYMN: TE DEUM; tor 
Congregational Use. 24mo., 8 pages. 
BIBLE PSALMODY, 1859, pages viii., WJ. 
PSALMS AND CHANTS for Congrega- 
tional or Private Use. Preface dated 1861 ; 
pages xiii., 132; numerous editions and sizes; 
2ml edition. 25th thousand; 48th thousand, Ac. 



His son, Mr. Samuel Milne Smith, now Mr. 
Milne Milne, of Calverley House, Calveriey, 
is a well-known antiquary. 

REV. AUGUSTUS GOTLIBB SPANGEN- 
BERG, Moravian Missionary at Lightcliffe 
and Fulneck in Yorkshire, 1/T42, &c. See Life 
(and portrait) by 1 G. Clemens, Baaldon. 

Hymns, in German and English. 

Also author of theological prose works. 

FREDEH1CK CHARLES SPENCER, a 
schoolmaster, afterwards an accountant at 
Halifax. 

THE VALE OF BOLTON, a poetical sketch, 
and other poems; am. 8vo., 140 pages, on 
ribbed paper. Halifax, N. Whitley, no date, 
frontispiece. Sells at 2s. 6d., 4s. 6d. 

THE LAD YE OF ELAND, a legend, [EDand 
tragedy continued,] and 

THE MAID OF CRAG HALL, 64 lines; in 

Hebden Bridge Times. " 

A.S.K. [ABRAHAM SiANSFIELD, Kersal.] 

GROUND FLOWERS & FERN LEAVES. 

Manchester, 1876, pages xii.. 216. Sells at 2s. 

[Ded. to William Robinson, F.L.S. Pre- 
face dated Kersail, 1876. Contents 59 pieces, 
including translations from German and 
French, chiefly imitations. Botanical sub- 
jects mostly. The Hills and Vales of T(od- 
morden) his native place.] 

ESSAYS AND SKETCHES, (prose, includes 
articles on Robert Burns, Return to Nature in 
English Poetry, &c.), octavo, pages vii.. 312. 

THE SHEPBLERD, 28 lines, Translation of 
Der Schafer. 

THE LAST STRING. Reprinted from 
"Manchester Quarterly," 1888, 4 pages, and 
cover. 

A SUMMER CALL TO THE MOUNTAINS. 
'Manchester Quarterly," 1886, 3 pp. 

NUG.33; Selections from many years' Scrib- 
blings in verse. 1892. Sells at 2s. 

SONNETS: Written Impromptu. First 
thousand, square 8vo., Manchester, 1900, 144 
pages. Sells at 2s. fid, 3s. fid. 

He now resides near Prestwich. 

ELY STANSFIELD, Sowerby, published 

PSALMODY EPITOMIZED, a Collection of 
Psalm Tunes, in four parts, with an introduc- 
tion to Music. 8vo., second edition, Halifax, 
1731. Sells at 3s. fid. See "Halifax Families" 
p. 128. The tunes are most of them the old 
Church tenors of two centuries ago, to which 
Stansfield added the three parts contra, medi- 
us and bassus, and also interspersed several 
tunes of his own composition, bearing local 
names generally, as Warley (to Psalm 100), 
Sowerby (to Psalm 98). 

Of local composers who have not issued 
books the most familiar are A. Widdop 
(buried at Illingwprth Church), and George 
Lister, of Lightcliffe. 

LAURENCE STERNE, " Yorick, " of 
Coxwold. We simply insert his name because 



142 



HAILIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



he was a pupil at a school in Halifax parish, 
and a branch of his family lived here. He 
died in 1768, and was buried at St. George's, 
Hanover Square, London. 

VERSES on L. Slerne; Lowndes 2510. 

A POETICAL- ROMANCE addressed to 

" i&q., of York, small 8vo., London, 1769. 

Sells at lOe. 

- 'P.... UNKNOWN WORLD, " 64 lines, on 
Hearing a Passing Bell. 

REV. C. STOCEDALE, Primitive Methodist 
Minister, Halifax. 

Poems by himself and Miss .nail, of Barley 
in Pateley Bridge Circuit, in "The Conquer- 
or's Palm " a memoir of Mrs. Stockdale. 

THOMAS STOPFORD, organist at Halifax 
Parish Church, president of Halifax Harmonic 
Society, 1792. 

SACRED MUSIC; consisting of a NEW 
BOOK OF PSALMODY, containing variety of 
TUNES for all the Common Metres of the 
Psalms in the Old and New Veraions, _and 
others for particular measures, with CHA"NT- 
ING TUNES AND ANTHEMS, all set in four 

parts within such compass by REV. 

JOHN CHEfTHAM. To which are added 

FIFTY-SEVEN NEW TUNES, including 

The whole carefully corrected and revised by 
Mr. Stopford, Organist, of ^alifax, properly 
figured for the Organ, Harpsichord, &c., &c. 
Halifax, Jacobs, 1811. 6s. 6d. pages x., 234 
octavo. 

[In previous editions of Chetham's 
Psalmody the 'tenor cliff' had been the princi- 
pal air, but in Stopford's the treble is sub- 
stituted, but the music is printed on four 
sets, tenor, counter, treble, bass, for conveni- 
ence of instrumentalists.] See Houldsworth. 

MRS. SUNDERLAND (Miss Susan Sykes,) 
born at Garden Road, Brighouse, in 1819; 
died 1905; married Henry Sunderland, of 
Granny Hall, Brighouse. 

Being a najfcive of Granny Hall myself, and 
a schoolmate with her children, and up to the 
present in friendly family acquaintancesnip, 
it would ill-become me to pass unnoticed the 
lady who, though not a composer of poems, 
stands supremely ajt the head of Yorkshire 
Vocalists of Queen Victoria's reign; and well 
deserves the epithets "Queen of Song" and 
"the Yorkshire Jenny Lind." 
I also well knew old Luke Settle, the Slead 

Syke blacksmith, composer of "Settle" ar 1 
other old favourite hymn tunes, who first Jis- 
covered her talents, and tutored her for some 
time. 

The Sunderland Musical Competitions, held 

annually, will perpetuate her name and fame. 

Portraits of her appear in the History of 

Brighouse, and brief notes in "Old York- 
shire," vii., 235 and in Grove's Dictionary. 

iv., 797. 



REV. WILLIAM SUTCL1FFE, Wesleyan 
Minister, died 1833. 

THE TRIAL OF CAIN; 32 pages, Halitax, 
1823; 12mo. 

REV. ALMA SUTEiR, Wesleyan Minister, 
Halifax, &c. died 1817. 

DEATH. JUDGMENT, AND ETERNITY: 
poems. 2nd edition, 12mo. Leeds, 1811. 
1st edition, Chester, 12mo., 32 pages, 1803. 
JOSEPH SWAIN: (? it Vicar of Beeston, 
Leeds; a native of LigJiteliffe. I would like 
to prove this to be the work of Joseph bwain, 
B.D.) 

REDEMPTION: a poem in Eight Books; 
with Memoir 12mo., London, 1806. 

DAN TAYLOR, of Queenshead vnow 
Queensbury between Halifax and Bnadtmu;, 
founder of the "General Baptists," ^ee his 
"Life"; and "The Author's .Removal from 
Wadsworth to Halifax," Leeds, 1784. 

A DISSERTATION ON SINGING IN THE 
WORSHIP OF GOD, 1786. Sells at 2s. 

A SECOND DISSERTATION on with 

two letters to the Rev. Gilbert Boyce in de- 
fence of a former Dissertation; 12mo., 77 
pages, 1787. 

He wrote an Elegy on Grimshaw, an., 
various tracts in verse, Christmas Verses, 
Entertainment or Verses for Children ^two 
editions), and edited a Hymn Book. 

DARLEY TERRY, Dewsbury, son of Joseph 
Terry. See next pauiagraph. 

FJGITIVE POEMS in 'Yorkshire Maga- 
zine, I., 267, Country Words of West Riuing, 
&c. 

JOSEPH TERRY Member of the Mechanics' 
Institution, Brighouse; removed to Dewsbury. 
COTTAGE POEMS. Brighouse, John Sid- 
dall, 1847. 32 pages. 

[Poet's wish, Emigrant's Farewell, Truth 
and Error, Seasons, Slave, Beggar Boy, Kirk- 
lees Wood, Brighouse Mechanics' Institution, 
October 10, 1846. Drunkards. Teetotaller, 
What is our Life? &c.j 

COTTAGE POEMS. Second Series, tfrig- 
houise, John Siddall, 1848. 32 pages, paper 
covers. 

[Robin Hood's Tomb. Reply to poetical 
critique on the First Series. Mechanics' In- 
stitute, Friend in America, Come and nelp, 
Death of my Mother, Things I never like to 
see, Religion, Progress, Drunken John, Be- 
reaved Friend, Join us, I live to be free, 
Edwin and Ellen (a ballad), Self-improvement, 
Soldier's Lament.] 

POEMS; by Joseph Terry, Author of 
"Cottage Poems," "The Principles Tested," 
&c. Dewsbury, Darley Terry 1874, pages xv , 
160. 

[Frontispiece, photo mounted. Memoir 
settled in Brighouse after his marriage, left 
for Birstall in 1848, thence to Mirfield, lastly 
to Dewsbury. Index 86 pieces, Kirkleee 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHO18. 



143 



district, topical, moral and religious. L 
and Ellen, i'wae on a pleasant Bummer's eve, 
is a. ballad of merit.] 

JOHN THOMPSON. M.D., was born at 
K. -iHl.il in 1781, and received his training in 
one of the Universities of Scotland, where he 
obtained his diploma about 1808. He com- 
menced practice at Hialifaac, where he soon 
attained considerable reputation in the treat- 
ment of diseases. A monument to hie memory, 
erected by voluntary subscriptions, was plac- 
ed in the Northgalte-end Chapel, Halifax. 
Dr. Thompson was the author of the hymn 
Jehovah, God Thy gracious power 

On every hand we see; 
O may the blessings of each hour 

Lead all our thoughts to Thee. 
If on the wings of morn we speed 

To earth's remotest bound, 
Thy right hand will our footsteps lead, 

Thine a<rm our path surround. 
Thy power is in the ocean deeps. 

And readies to the skies; 
Thine eye of mercy never sleeps, 

Thy goodness never dies. 
From morn till noon, till latest eve, 

The hand of God we see; 
And all the blessings we receive 

Ceaseless proceed from Thee. 
In all tihe varying scenes of time, 

On Thee our hopes depend; 
In every age, in every clime, 
Our Father and our Friend. 
At the time of his death (in 1818) Dr. 
Thompson had only completed his thirty- 
sixth year. He will appear again as a medical 
anther. 

REV. L. M. THORNTON, Wesleyan minis- 
ter. Sacred Poems, 1st edition, Derby. 2nd 
edition, Leeds. 3rd edition, dated from Chapei- 
town, Halifax. Halifax, for the author by N. 
Burrows. 83 pages. Portrait with 1st edition. 
Words in Season. Child's Manual announced. 



LXXXIII. POETS AND RHYMSTBRS. (10). 



JOSEPH HORSFALL TURNEE, born at 
Cranny Hall, Brighouse, April, 1845. I have 
HO right to haul other people before the pub- 
lic and leave myself free by mock-modesty. 
I collaborated with Abraham Holroyd many 
years before his death with the intention of 
issuing a joint work of Yorkshire Anthology. 
On Holroyd's death a circular was issued by 
the survivor, but the response was not en- 
couraging. Mr. Forshaw was asked to issue 
Holroyd's Collection, mostly at Mr. George 
Ackroyd'e expense, as I had declined the re- 
sponsibility. Unfortunately there is scarcely 
anything in the volume besides such as had 
r.ppeared in Ingledew's book and in Holroyd's 



"Garland." Having allowed ten years to 
elapse I sent out another circular announc- 
ing "Ballads and SongB, Ancient ajid Modern 
(hitherto unpublished), collected from rare 
Broadsides, scarce Manuscripts, Chap-Books, 
Newspapers, Orail Recitations, Ac., with 
Note* Bibliographical, Biographical, Topo- 
graphical, Dialectic, Ac., numerous quaint 
aind original illustrations, collected and 
edited by J. Horsfall Turner, in two volumes, 
crown 8vo., 400 pages each, at 5s. 6d. per 
volume. None of the Ballads. Ac., which have 
already appeared in the collections of Halli- 
well and Ingledew will be included." The 
result has up to the present brought only one 
volume: 

YORKSHIRE ANTHOLOGY: Ballads and 
Songs, Ancient and Modern, (with several 
hundred ReaJ Epitaphs), covering a period of 
a thousand years of Yorkshire History in 
Verse; with Notes, Bibliographical, Bio- 
graphical, Dialectic, &c., and Quaint and 
Original Illustrations. Bingley, for the 
author, by T. Harrison and Sons, 1901. 
Crwn 8vo., 436 pages, 7s. 6d. To 'subscribers 
5s. 6d. [Alphabetically arranged by first 
lines, A. I.] 

YORKSHIRE ANTHOLOGY. (2). Ready 
for the press, another volume, J. R. (3). 
Ready for the press, another volume S. Y. 
(4). YORKSHIRE ANTHOLOGY, 'Biblio- 
graphical and Biographical volume. To in- 
troduce Epitaphs, Folk-rhymes, Place- 
rhymes, Children's prames, Ac., has enlarged 
the scope to four volumes instead of two. 

THE ELLAND TRAGEDIES, viz.. The 
Murders of Sir Robert Beaumont, of Crosland, 
Hugh de Quarmby, John de Lockwood, Sir 
John de EBamd, senior, Sir John Eland, 
junior, and otherp, with the exploits, &c., in 
prose and verse, with notes, pedigrees, and 
evidences recently brought to light; edited 
by J. Horsfall Turner. Bingley, T. Harrison 
and Sons, 1890; crown 8vo., 91 pages. Sells 
at 2s. 

The poem appears in Watson'e Halifax, 
1775, and was copied into the subsequent 
"Halifax Histories'' and into Whitaker's 
"Loidte." This version, with an old MS. 
copy of not later than 1620, are combined in 
my edition. Total 504 lines. 

FLOWERS OF IDELDOM. No. 2. Paddy 
and the Mormon, an episode of Idel Green; 
Id., flysheet. 

Fugitive poems in The Templar, Templar 
Messenger. Upper Chapel Magazine, Ac. 

WILLIAM MARSHALL TURNER, Brig- 
house. SELECTIONS and Words of Madri- 
gals, Glees. Ac., as sung by the Brighouse 
Glee and Madrigal Society, with Remarks. 
Brighouse. Rushworth; 32 pages, 8vo. 



144 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



JOSEPH WADSWORTH, Organist Halifax. 
A SELECTION OF PSALM AND HYMN 
TUNES, harmonized in score, with an ac- 
companiment for the Organ or Pianoforte. 
Halifax, Pohlmann and Son, 1852; 100 pages, 
viii., 4to. 

[Composers' names: Joseph Wadsworth, 

A. Wadsworth, Dean Chetham, J. Sunder- 
land, Orlando Sladdin, Luke Settle, H. Broom- 
head, T. Hopkinson, Ely Stanafield, J. Rush- 
worth, &c. There is a long and locally in- 
teresting subscription list.] 

JOHN WALTON, Haley Hill. Halifax: 

A DIALOGUE: between a Little-Drop Man 
and a Teetotaler. 2nd thousand; January. 
1845. Halifax, Nicholson acnd Wilson, 12 
pages. Id. 

JOHN WALTON (? if the same), LINES 
ON DR. SKELTON, 1850-1 Bradford, 1851, 
8 pages. 

ACCEPTED WIDDOP, Ovenden, died 
March 9, 1801. A gravestone exists in 
Illingworth Churchyard over the remains of 
this celebrated singer and musical composer. 
Some of his pieces may be found in Holds- 
north's Cheetham's Psalmody. A notice of 
him appears in the "Halifax Guardian" 
Almamacik. 1893. 

WILLIAM WILLIAMS wrote 

AN ESSAY ON HALIFAX, a poem in 
blank verse; published anonymously, printed 
by P. Darby, Halifax, 1761, small 4to., 24 pages. 

A copy is in Halifax (Haley Hill) Museum. 
He was an artist, and the Female Ballad 
Singer, reproduced in "Yorkshire Anthology" 
I., and the frontispiece to Jewitt's Derby- 
shire Ballads were drawn by him, in 1759. 

Williams was originally a strolling player, 
and then commenced printer (? journeyman), 
draughtsman, etc., and settled at Halifax, 
where he died. He drew the plates for Mr. 
Watson's History, it is reported. 

DANIBL WILSON (probably not connected 
with Halifax) wrote "Justice and Mercy," a 
Sacred poem, photo portrait and Life, 12mo., 
Halifax, 1883. 

ALFRED WILSON founded the "Clock Al- 
manack," Halifax ; a hatter : 

ORIGINAL POEMS; Halifax, N. Burrows. 
1\854, 48 nages, 32m o. 

EDWARD WORMALD. farmer. Magson 
House, Luddenden-foot. has published two 
creditable poems, and has another pamphlet 
ready for the press, 1904. The Harvest Lay; 
pamphlet. Ode to War. 16 pages. 

JOHN WRIGGLESWORTH. The Crescent. 
Greetland, Halifax, died Mav 25, 1903, aged 46. 

GRASS FROM A YORKHIRE VILLAGE; 
c.. 1894. 

THE SWEETEST MAID IN GLOWTON; 
prose. 



PASSING THOUGHTS OF A WORKING 
MAN; prose, 1890, was his first book. 

IDYLS OF YORKSHIRE. 

He was a, working man, and wrote under the 
name of Hubert Cloudesley. He has left a 
large family. 

GEORGE WRIGHT: 

SOLITARY WALKS, with remarkable 
Epitaphs Elegies, and Inscriptions among 
the Tombs., 8vo., Halifax, 1816. 

THOMAS WRIGHT was born at Halifax, 
Mulcture HaJl, January 27, 1736; died at 
Birkenshaw; buried at White Chapel, Cleck- 
heaton, 1801. 

A MODERN FAMILIAR RELIGIOUS 
CONVERSATION, among people of differing 
sentiments: a poetical essay. Leeds, J. 
Bowling, 1778. small gvo., anonymously. 

A FAMILIAR RELIGIOUS CONVERSA- 
TION, in Verse; small 8vo., Leeds, Leak and 
Nichols. 1812, for the Editor. 
[Preface, Life v. viii., Poem 1 148.] 

Poems, see Autobiography, edited by Thos. 
Wright, F.S.A., in article 56, previously. 

REV. R. WYNN, Vicar of Scalford, Leices- 
tershire : 

THE DOOM OF AHAB. Brighouse, A.B. 
Bayes. 24 pages. 

[The writer's son, M. R. Wynne, rector of 
West Allington, Grantham, married Miss 
Sunderland. of Coley Hall. Hipperholme.] 



LXXXIV. POETS AND RHYMSTERS. (11). 



It scarcely comes within our scope to give 
a list of fugitive pieces, except in the possi- 
bility that some of the following may have 
issued pamphlets unknown to me. 

ABELARD, Lightcliffe, 1801; see "Light- 
cliffe Romances," by the writer hereof. 

ANGUS, near Halifax. 1817; various pieces 
in the Yorkshire Magazine. 1817. 

CATHERINE BROWNHILL, 1883; Halifax 
Congregational Magazine. 

JOHN BROOK, Blland. organist at Halifax, 
mutjical compositions. 

MRS. A. B. BOAL, India-rubber Boot Shop, 
Halifax; Templar Messenger. 1873. 

SIR THOMAS BROWNE (born 1605); in his 
"Religio Medici," written" at Upper Shibden 
Hall, 1633-7 , contains the beautiful poem 
Evening hymn. 

JAMES BARNES, handloom weaver, born 
at Withens in Errington; died at Lobmill, 
Hebden Bridge, about 1882. Amongst his 
fugitive effusions there are two in the "Heb- 
den Bridge Times," 1882, worthy of quotation, 
namely, 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



145 



WALK TO STOODLEY PIKE, 116 lines, 
" Fair was the morn, the sky was clear. " 

The other. 32 lines, begins 
"Far in the wood there stands a pretty cot." 

" WILHELM BRONTE. "Ode written by 
Wilhelm Bronte to his wife from Preston, 
where he lay condemned to die for the truth's 
Bake; 40 lines, "Fax, far away." Sent by 
"H. T. Hillen," Boro' Road College, to the 
" Brighouse News," March 11, 1871. ? how 
much is fiction. 

EDWARD COCKILL, plumber, Bridge End, 
Rastrick, published a poem on a card in 1854 
on the Old Bridge End Choipel, which was 
pulled doSvn. and became the first St. Paul's 
Wesleyan Chapel, Brighouse. 

JOHN WILLIAM CLAY, of Myrtle Grove, 
Rastrick Common, a working man, has court- 
ed the Muse for fifteen years, and might be 
worse employed. He writes occasionally to 
the Brighouse papers. 

SMITH EMMOTT, Sowerby. had a short 
poem in the "Hebden Bridge Times," about 
1870; and W.F. had one in the same pa.per. 
Probably the lettens stand for the REV. WM. 
FOX, Ripponden, who wrote poems for the 
Halifax Congregational Magazine. 

THOMAS FARRER, Halifax, 1866, eee Hol- 
royd's Garland. 

I think the following eight items were 
written by JOSEPH FOX: 
Sir John Lacy's Wooing, a ballad of Todmor- 

den; in "Hebden Bridge Times," September, 
1881. by J.F 
Earl Warren's Revenge, a ballad of Hepton- 

sfcall, in "Hebden Bridge Times," January 

25, 1882, by Joseph Fox. 
Ballad of Yolonde, by F., April, 1883. 
Mary Aislabie, by F. March, 1883, 32 lines; 

begins In the land of romance, the north. 
Nature, a sonnet. 

Death, There came a, beautiful messenger. 
The Siren Isle (from Chambers' Journal), 32 

lines, begins Even's purple glory slept. 
Calderlee. 24 lines, in "Hebden Bridge Times." 

June, 1883, begins The light wind bloweth. 

Will any reader give particulars of this 
capable ballad writer? 

T. HALLAS. Stainland, has a poem in the 
Halifax Congregational Magazine. 

MR. HORSFALL, of Higher Stoodley, 
(father of John Horsfall. Blackpool, 1892), 
wrote a humorous, fugitive poem on a Hebden 
Bridge Concert. 

MARM.ADTJKB HOLDSWOKTH, Shelf, wiote 
Rhymes on Shelf and its Conservative Club, 
1904. 

S. H. HAMER, Halifax Historical Societj. 
wrote The Dancing Princess, a Play for 
children in two acts; "Yorkshire Weekly 
Post." Christmas, 1902. 



MRS. HABERGHAM, Ellaod, and Ha berg- 
ham (Lancr.) John H. married Elizabeth 
Clay, of Clay-house, Mland. They had two 
sons. Clay amd John. The latter, born 1650, 
lived to be over 75 year old, and led a villain- 
ous life as the Wet Riding Sessions Rolls 
testify in notes that I have extracted. He 
married Fleetwood, the daughter of Nicholas 
Towneley, who wrote the Bad ballad given in 
my Yorkshire Anthology, Vol. I., c. 1689. 
Corrupted versions may also be found 
elsewhere, and 16 lines in Whitaker' Whalley, 
II., 182. Mrs. Habergham was buried at 
Padiham in 1708. 

THOMAS JORDAN, Albany Chambers, 
Halifax, wrote fugitive poems, c. 1900, in 
local papery. 

REV. THOMAS KEYWORTH, Harrison 
Road Chapel, poems in Halifax Congregation- 
al Magazine, &c. 

THOMAS KBNWORTHY of Northowram. 
and Queensbury (Queenshead), wrote fugitive 
pieces to Holroyd's Bradfordian, and local 
newspapers. His name is just squeezed into 
Newsam's book, "Yorkshire Poets," 1845. The 
"Halifax Courier," August, 1856, contains a 
humorous local piece by him. 

FREDERICK LAXTON, Brighouse, whose 
portrait appears in the History of Brighouse, 
wrote a rhyme for a Brighouse paper. 

JOHN LAWSON, Halifax, wrote a piece 
that appeals in the Bradford Band of Hop* 
Melody. 

REV. WM. EDENSOR LITTLEWOOD, for 
some time Head Master of Hipperholme 
Grammar School, author of several school 
books, wrote HYMNS, which appear in Con- 
gregational Sunday School and other Hymn 
Books. 

S. MELLOR, Ripponden, (postea), wrote 
poems for newspapers, c. 1890. 

S. MOSS. Halifax, poem in Halifax Congre- 
gational Magazine. 

MISS G. G. METCALFE. Halifax Orphan- 
age, c. 1900, wrote poem and parody for a 
Bradford paper. 

J. NICHOLL, Halifax, poem in Halifax Con- 
gregational Magazine. 

OLD ABE, Ripponden. 1889, Ac., possibly 
the same as S. Mellor above. 

ORION, in "Hebden Bridge Times," a short 
poem on "The Church in the Valley." 

MISS HELEN JANE ORMEROD, daughter 
of Thomas Theodore Ormerod, Esq., Brig- 
house; she now resides near Torquay. 

Fugitive poems, and articles on Musical 
topics in the "Leeds Mercury," "Yorkshire 
Musician, &c. 

THOMAS ORMEROD, elder son of Thomas 
Theodore Ormerod, Esq., Brighouse. 

Poems in the "Yorkshire Magazine," 1875, 
ice., amd in the Barnsley newspaper*. 



146 



HAMFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



AUSTIN WILLIAM PENNY, U, Northgate, 
Halifax, has issued fugitive poems. 

WILLIAM A. PARRY, born at Liverpool 
in 1793, a Brighouse schoolmaster, c. 1849, 
{father of Geo. Frederick Augustus Parry, a 
half-wit of local notoriety,) was a poetaster 
of very limited popularity. I saw some of his 
scurrilous and crude scribblings forty years 
ago, but don't remember a line that was 
worthy of preservation. Most villages and all 
generations have had similar rhymsters, and 
anyone that could use a pen at all was held 
to be capable of composing a jingle. Before 
I was in my teens, I was asked to compose 
four lines for the funeral card of a playmate, 
and now happily the effusion has followed 'Old' 
Parry's into oblivion. Hia topics were 
Epigram on bachelor John (Aspinall), who de- 
manded a poll for the Brighouse surveyor- 
ship, 1850; Waterloo (Brighouse) Brass-band, 
satire; Peace rejoicings. 29th May, 1856; Brig- 
house Power Show, Sept. 2nd, 1857; Murder 
of Elizabeth Rayner at Clifton, Dec. 31st, 1832. 

GEORGE PILLING, Brighouse, wrote fugi- 
tive pieces for the Brighouse papers, 1870, 
&c., but the most pungent satire was inserted 
in the "News": 

"An unmanly M...l...y said in a fit 

That with Jowett the printer he never would 
Bit," &c. 

"TOMMY PICKLES," Ripponden, had a 
short fugitive poem, October 1886, entitled 
"Only a word." He may be the same as OLD 
ABE. 

REV. HANBY PICKERSGILL, Lightcliffe, 
had poems in the Halifax Congregational 
Magazine, &c. Probably H. QTJIBY was his 
nom-de-plume. 

VEN. ARCHDEACON FRANCIS PIGOU, 
Vicar of Halifax, now Dean of Bristol, has 
issued fugitive poems, and is author of several 
volumes of prose; reminiscences, &c. 

RODERICK RANDOM, of Halifax, some- 
time a Brighouse resident was a rather cap- 
able writer of dialect poems for the Brighouse 
"News," 1870, &c., but I do not know his name. 

SIR TITTIS SALT, Bart., (Crow Nest,) and 
Saltaire have been the themes of several 
poetical pamphlets and fugitive poems. 

JAMES STJTCLIFFE, of Newlands, Warley, 
wrote poems for local papers, one of which is 
in Holroyd's Garland. 

OLIVER STTTCLIFFE. Rastrick, poems in 
local papers. 

JOHN TAYLOR, the London water poet, 
wrote "Newes from Hell, Hull, and Halifax." 

D. WALTON, Hebden Bridge, poems in the 
Hebden Bridge Times, besides a- love story. 

A.Z., Hebden Bridge, wrote a Stanza for 
the Cottage Magazine, 1826. 

W. BROADBENT, Todmorden, published a 
small book of poems. 



LXXXV. HALIFAX ANTIQUARIAN 
SOCIETY. 

Before September, 1901, the reports of the 
Society's proceedings appeared in the "Hali- 
fax Guardian," but were not separately re- 
printed. The earliest reprint was issued in 
that month, and recorded eu visit to Shibden 
Hall. The pamphlets are octavo size, and the 
number of pages is not indicated before 1904. 

(1) Daisy Bank, Dove House and Shibden 
Hall; eight pages; Mr. J. Lister, M.A., 
guide. 

(2) Token Coinage; Lecture by Mr. S. H. 
Hamer; six pages. 

(3) Life of Dr. Haldesworth, Vicar of 
Halifax; Lecture by Mr. Lister, January 7, 
1902; twenty-four pages, but the last three 
give "Tom Bell's Cave, a Heptonstall Legend," 
by Mr. H. P. Kendall, of Sowerby Bridge, and 
notes on local pictures and manuscripts. 

(4) Heralds' Visits to Halifax, or Heraldic 
Bearings of Halifax Gentry. Lecture by Mr. 
J. W. Clay, F.S.A., March, 1902; seven pages, 
but the last two describe a work on Tokens. 

(5) Excursion to Midgley; Kersliaiw House, 
Brearley Hall and Luddenden Church; May, 
1902; Mr. J. H. Ogden, guide, five pages. 

(6) Excursion to Sowerby, June, 1902. Mr. 
H. P. Kendall, guide; eight pages. 

(7) Excursion to Greetland and Barkisland, 
July, 1902; twelve pages; descriptions by Mr! 
Lister. 

(8) Prehistoric Man; Ancient Stone Circle 
at Watehaw Dean, July, 1902; six pages. 

(9) Visit to Kirklees Priory and Hartshead 
Church (and Walton Cross); eleven pages, in- 
cluding plan and illustrations, August, 1902. 

(10) Antiquities of Elland, September, 1902- 
Mr. J. W. Clay, Eastrick, guide; fifteen 
pages. 

(11) Halifax Surnames; sources and signific- 
ance, by Mr. C. Crossland; four pages. 

(12) Sowerby in Olden Times; Constables' 
Accounts, 1629 to 1642; by Mr. H. P. Kendall, 
November, 1902; five pages. 

(18) Halifax Antiquarian Society. Reports 
and Balance Sheet, 1902. Second year's re- 
port, officers, members, gifts; eight pages. 

(14) Local Prehistoric Man, by Mr. Tatter- 
sail Wilkinson, January, 1903; eight pages. 

(15) Heptonstall in the Middle Ages; by 
Mr. J. H. Ogden, eight pages. 

(16) Reminiscences of Wakefield Manof 
Courts, by Mr. J. Seed, and Mr. J. H. Ogden; 
eleven pages. 

(17) The Life of Vicar Holds worth, Part 
II., by Mr. Lister; eighteen pages. 

(18) Saltonstall, Warley; May, 1903, Mr. 
T. Sutcliffe, guide; nine pages. 

(19) Northowraim Old Halls (with Cinder- 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



147 



hills and Coley), June, 1903, Rev. M. Pearson, 
guide; sixteen pages. 

(20) Three Old Homesteads, Broadbottom, 
Fallingroyd and Ma.yroid; July, 1903, Mr. J. 
H. Ogden, guide; twenty pages. 

(21) Some Soyland Homesteads; September, 
1003, Mr. H. P. Kendall, guide; seven pages. 

(22) Private Tokens, Issuers and Die- 
Sinkers, by Mr. S. H. Hamer, October, 1903; 
five pages. 

(23) Sowerby Constables' Account, II., 
[Civil War,] by Mr. H. P. Kendall, Novem- 
ber, 1903; eleven pages. 

24) Halifax Antiquarian Society, [Third 
year's] Reports and Balance Sheet, 1903; eight 
pages; officers, members, gifts. 

(25) Exhibition of Pictures, Prints, Curios; 
January. 1904; Local Folk Lore, by Mr. Tat- 
tersall Wilkinson, of Burnley. (The issue* 
for 1904 are consecutively paged.) Pages 19. 

(26) Life of Dr. Haldesworth, Vicar of 
Hn-lifax. Part III., by Mr. Lister. 1128. 

(27) Private Tokens, Issuers and Die-Sink- 
ere, by Mr. S. H. Hamer (illustrated). 2936. 

(28) A Moorland Township. Wadsworth in 
Ancient Times; by Mr. J. H. Ogden. 3751. 

(29) Over Shibden. The Hazlehurst, Hang- 
ingroyd, &c., and their owners, by Rev. M. 
Pearson. 5368. 

(30) Visit to Thornhill. 6972. 

(31) Burlees and Old Town by Mr. J. H. 
Ogden. 7332. 

(32) Ancient Halls of Norland; by Mr. H. 
P. Kendall. 93 llli, illustrated. 

(33) Two Halifax Vicars (Hooke and Hough), 
by Mr. E. W. Crossley. 113127. 

(34) Extracts from the Sowerby Constables' 
Accounts by Mr. H. P. Kendall, part III.; 
pages 129141. 

(35) Reports and Balance Sheet, [Fourth 
year,] 1904. 143150. 

( ) Municipal Technical School. Medals 
for Engineers; December, 1903, by Mr. S. H. 
Hamer, frustrated, three pages. 

(36) Exhibition of Pictures, Antiques, 
Curios, &c., January 10, 1905; pages 151166. 

(37) Halifax Parish Church. An Early 
Chapter of its History, by Mr. J. Lister, 
M.A.;page157 166. 

(38) Some Lesons from Old Buildings as 
seen from Local Examples, by Mr. J. F. 
Walsh; pages 167175. 

(39) Sowerby Constables' Accounts, part 
IV.; by Mr. H. P .Kendall; pages 177186. 

(40) The Piece Hall; estimated cost; build- 
ers' prices; Samuel and John Hope, 1775; pages 
187194. 

(41) Life of Dr Haldesworth, Vicar of 
Halifax; Lecture (part 4), by Mr. J. Lister, 
M.A.; pa^es 195512. 



(42) Antiquarians at Ovenden, May, 1905; 
guide Mr. J. H. Ogden; pages 213230. 

(43) Excursion to Shelf, June, 1905; guide, 
Mr. J. Lister, M.A.; 231249. 

[The volume is still being augnmented.] 

In this valuable series we have the pub- 
lications of 

MR. JOHN LISTER, M.A., Shibden Hall. 
MR. S. H, HAMER, Halifax. 
MR. J. W. CLAY, J.P., F.S.A. Rastrick. 
MR. J. H. OGDEN, Halifax. 
MR. H. P. KENDALL, Sowerby Bridge. 
MR. C. CROSSLAND, Halifax. 
MR. TATTBRSALL WILKINSON Burnley 
MR. T. SUTCLIFFE, Warley. 
REV. MARK PEARSON Northowram. 
MR. E. W. CROSSLEY, Triangle. 
MR. J. F. WALSH, Hipperholme. 

Mr. H. P. KENDALL has also issued "Local 
Incidents of the Civil War." reprinted from 
"The Sowerby Bridge Chronicle," 1904, small 
twelve-mo, 35 pages. 

MT. E. W. Crossley completed a volume of 
Halifax Wills, part I. of which had been 
issued by Mr. J. W. Clay. Mr. Crossley ha 
a second volume on the same subject now in 
the press. 

"Halifax Wills," being Abstracts and Trans- 
lations of the Wills registered at York from 
the parish of Halifax. Part I., 13891514. 
Edited by J. W. Clay, F.S.A. (Member of the 
Councils of the Yorks. Archseol. Society and 
of the Harleian Society.) Exeter, Wm. Pol- 
lard. 1893. 40 pages, demy 8vo. "Halifax 
Wills," Ac. Part II., 15151544, with Ap- 
pendices A and B. Edited by E. W. Crossley 
(Member of the Council of the Yorkshire 
Arehaiol. Society.) Privately printed ("Hali- 
fax Guardian" Office, 1904) for the Editor; 
pages 41222. 

Mr. Clay issued a pamphlet recording the 
inscriptions on the gravestones at Elland 
Church. His works will appear subsequently, 
as also those of Mr. C. Croasland, Mr. J. 
H. Ogden has written antiquarian articles 
for very many years for*the "Halifax Guard- 
ian," with which newspaper he is connected, 
and worthily treads in the footsteps of the 
late B. J. Walker in historical matters. Un- 
fortunately there are no reprints of the series 
bearing his signature "Graptolite." He has 
transcribed the oldest Heptonstall Register, 
but it is not printed. We suppose he may 
be considered the editor of the 
" Halifax Guardian " Almanacks, to 
be mentioned hereafter. He and Mr. 
Lister are now engaged on the Poll Tax Re- 
turns of 1379. so far as concerns Halifax 
Parish. These are printed in the Yorkshire 
Archaeological Journal, but they are amplify- 
ing the lists by various notes. 



148 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Mr. Pearson's "Northowram" has been pre- 
viously described. 

Mr. John Lister, M.A. Shibden Hall, Pre- 
sident of the Halifax Antiquarian Society, a 
post he supremely deserves and most ably 
fills, has edited for the Yorkshire Archaeo- 
logical Society, Record Series, a volume en- 
titled: "West Riding Sessions' Rolls, 1597 
1602, prefaced by certain proceedings in the 
Court of the Lord President and Council of 
the North in 1595. Edited by John Lister, 
M.A., of B.N.C., Oxford, and Barrister-at- 
Law, of the Inner Temple. Printed for the 
Society, 1888. Record Series, Vol. III., demy 
8vo., pages xliv. 1 234. 

In volume 9 of the "Journal" there is a note 
by him on a deed c. 1240 endorsed Bridge 
Royd, and in volume 16 a note on Seventeenth 
Century Builders' Contracts. In volume 15, 
there is a notice of the Autobiography of Sir 
John Savile, 1607, by Mr. Lister and Mr. 
Cla.y. 

In the 10th volume are notices of Blland 
Church by Mr. Clay, who also added notes 
to Paver's Marriage Licences, York, after Mr. 
Norcliffe's decease: Vols. 10 to 17. Mr. 
Lister's contributions to the Bradford Anti- 
quarian Society have been numerotis, and many 
of them appear in the "Bradford Antiquary.'' 

The earliest local antiquary that I remem- 
ber to have met with in old writings was 
JOHN HANSON, of Rastrick, and perhaps 
his contemporary, SIR HENRY SAVILE. of 
Stainland, should be mentioned at the same 
moment. Gamden, the Father of Antiquaries, 
visited and corresponded with them. Mr. 
Hanson's family were under-stewards to the 
Saviles, and had access to various manor 
rolls and deeds. Mr. John Hanson's manu- 
scripts are frequently referred to in the Dods- 
worth Notes, Bodleian Library, Oxford, ex- 
tracts from which have been printed in various 
volumes of the Yorkshire Archaeological 
Journal. The manuscript history of Liver- 
sedge by Mr. Hanson has been largely incor- 
porated in my friend Mr. Frank Peel's "Spen 
Valley," and the pedigree of the Hansons by 
Mr. Hanson, with additions, has been edited 
for the Yorkshire Archaeological Journal by 
(Sir) G. J. Armytage, and from another ancient 
manuscript, by me, in the Yorkshire 
Genealogist. I remember seeing a local genea- 
logical manuscript by Mr. Hanson at Shibden 
Hall; mostly fragmentary notes. 

MR. JOHN BREARCLIFFE. whose anti- 
quarian writings still exist, has been previously 
mentioned. He did not print anything, but 
copious use has been made of his notes by the 
late Mr. B. J. Walker, in Local Portfolio, 
columns of local history that appeared in the 
"Halifax Guardian." Mr. F. A. Ley land 



copied largely from Brearcliffe, but never got 
so far in his History of Halifax as to use the 
extracts. See Leyland's edition of Watson's 
Halifax, in Article xvi. The REV. OLIVER 
HEYWOOD also calls for notice aomongst the 
early genealogists and antiquaries of Halifax 
parish. In Articles xi. to xviii. we have 
notices of the printed works of Dr. S. Midg- 
ley, (Bentley's assumptions), Rev. Thomas 
Wright, Rev. John Watson, Wateon's abridg- 
ments under the supposed editorships of 
Jacobs. Frobisher, W. M. Winn, or 
the Rev. E. Nelson, of Coley Church 
and the Parish Church, to Mr. 
John Crabtree, some copies of whose history, 
I ought to have stated, appear on large paper 
octavo, and to Captain John Hodgson's 
Memoirs printed more than a century after 
his death. 

The Priestleys were a literary family but 
they had not access to the ancient manor-rolls, 
so in the following "Memoirs" we find that 
the origin of the family from Priestley in 
Hipperholme amd its history for four 
centuries is overlooked. 

" MEMOIRS CONCERNING THE FAMILY 
OF THE PRIESTLEYS, written at the re- 
quest of a friend by Jonathan Priestley. A.D., 
1696, aged 63. Part II., written in 1779 by 
Nathaniel Priestley, of Northowram, (son of 
John, son of said Jonathan)." 

These two essays occupy pages 1-41 of York- 
shire Diaries, 1886, issued by the Surtees 
Society as Vol. 77. The rest of the volume, 
pages 43 174, is occupied with the Memor- 
andum Book of Sir Walter Calverley, of 
Esholt, edited by my friend Mr. Samuel 
Margerison. 

The Priestley Memoirs start by narrating 
that th^ family had lived in Soyland above 
600 years (from 1096!!), but the story begins 
with Henry Priestley, of Soyland, father 
of Robert and John (Recorder of Ripon in 
1604). Jonathan, the writer of the first part, 
died at Westercroft in Northowram in 1705. 
His eldest son Jonathan lived at Winteredge; 
the second eon was Nathaniel Priestley, minis- 
ter at Halifax and Bradford Chapels, and the 
third was John, of White Windows, whose 
son wrote the second part. 

In the "Ducatus Leod," page 542, we leirn 
that Thoresby had in his Leeds Museum the 
manuscript, octavo size, of "Mr. Smith, of 
Eland's Letter about Non-conformity and 
Mr. Sharp's Answer thereto." both originals. 
This Mr. Smith was the author of the "Patri- 
archal Sabbath," a book previously described 
in these sketches, and Mr. Sharp (of Hortcn 
Hall.) was author of another book T h<ive. 
"Divine Comforts." Thoresby got the MSS. 
from the Priestley family. 



HALIFAX BOOBS AND AUTHORS. 



149 



LXXXVI. MODERN ANTIQUARIAN 
WRITERS. 

MR. EDWARD AKROYD, F.S.A., ex-M.P., 
purchased for JB17S the manuscripts of the 
late John R, Walbran, Ripou. who died in 
1868, consisting of materials for a History of 
Fountains Abbey, and collections for a his- 
tory of Claro and Morley wapentakes, taken 
from Dodsworth's MSS. British Museum, and 
the Public Record Office. These he gave to the 
York Minster Library in 1873. Mr. Akroyd 
will appear afterwards as an author. He 
privately printed a history and pedigree of 
the Akroyds, which was really the collection 
of Mr. Edward Johnson Walker, who whilst 
gathering materials from the wills at York, 
made copious notes respecting other Halifax 
families at the same time. These notes were 
sold (I believed by his son Mr. Walter James 
Walker to Mr. John Stansfeld. of Leeds. 

MR. FAIRLBSS BARBER, F.S.A., F.R. 
Hist. Soc., and his brothers have been speci- 
ally prominent as local antiquaries. One of 
his brothers Mr. William, the Judge, 
jjave a lecture at Brighouse Church 
School about 1856 on local his- 
tory, which increased my interest in such 
matters, and led me to hunt far and near to 
borrow the old histories of Halifax. Mr. 
John Burgess had a fine collection of books at 
Birds ft'ivd (Yorkshire Archeeol. Journal, Vol. 
I.) and lent me one; Mr. Joseph Holland, of 
Wyke Hall, lent me another, besides Oliver 
Heywood's Life by Slate; and the Brighouse 
Mechanics' Institute had another. Mr. Henry 
Jocelyn Barber, the youngest son, was pro- 
foundly interested in local antiquities, and 
had a good topographical library, and to him 
T inscribed my edition of the Elland Tragedies. 
But if is to his brother Mr. Fa.ir.less Barber, 
also a solicitor as was their father, that I owe 
my most numerous and pleaeantest associa- 
tions. Next to Oanon Raine, of York, the 
Rev. C. B. Norcliffe, of Langton Hall, and 
Dr. Sykes, of Doncaster, I never met with any- 
one who had larger acquaintance with anti- 
quarian and genealogical matters respecting 
this county. Yet Mr. Fairless published very 
little on his own account. He and Mr. John 
BnresR were on the Council of the Hudders- 
field Archaeological Society from its estab- 
lishment in November, 1864. Mr. Thomas 
Bradbury, Rastrick, was also on the Council, 
and Mr. Akroyd, M.P.. Halifax, Rev. S. 
Hilev, M.V. EUland, Rev. James Hope, M.A., 
Halifax (also on the Council), Mr. J. R. In- 
gram, Halifax, Mr. F. A. Leyland. Halifax, 
Mr. T. T. Ormerod, Brighouse, were mem- 
bers when there were only a total of 73 in 
December, 1865. The first pamphlet issued by 



the Society was a Report, 38 pages, illustrated; 
the second gives papers read at Slack (Cam- 
bodunum.) April. 1666, by J. K. Walker, Ai.D., 
and Fairless Barber; 24 pages, 12mo., re- 
printed from the "Huddersfield Examiner." 
In September Mr. Barber succeeded the Rev. 
Geo. Lloyd, Darlington, as Secretary, and 
sent out a circular printed letter, one page, 
touting for members. As secretary he issued 
the second report, 16 pages, 8vo., Hndders- 
field, 1867. The fifth pamphlet was "On Ro- 
man Roads, by J. Savile Stott, Halifax, 8 
pages, Huddersfield, 1867." The eighth pamph- 
let was by Mr. Barber, on "Some Roman Coins 
found at Slack," 11 pages, Hnddersfield, 1867. 
This is followed by a pamphlet of eight pages 
giving the list of members, the rules, and 
Mr. Barber's appeal for funds for Slack ex- 
ploration, March, 1867. There were only 
ninety members, the Halifar new ones being 
Mr. W. Swinden Barber, Robert Farrar, 
F.R.C.S.. Brighouse; J. S. Stott, Archdeacon 
Musgrave; Thomas Ormerod, D. G. Sugden, 
Richard Sugden. T. W. Sutcliffe, 
Brighouee; John Taylor, Rastnck; 

and a Brighonse native, Mr. S. J, 
Chad wick, solicitor, Dewsbury. The first ex- 
cursion report is on a fly-sheet, May, 1867, to 
Slack district, but this was a very limited 
affair. In August, 1867, under Mr. Barber's 
control, the first of the famous Members' Ex- 
cursions took place to Kirkheaton, Kirkbur- 
ton and Almondbury; 19 pages, report. A 
fly-sheet, one page, taken from the "Brighonse 
News," about December, 1867, refers to the 
discovery of a quern at Cote farm, Woodhouse 
Rastrick. The Third Annual Report, Janu- 
ary, 1868, covers 18 pages, written by Mr. 
Barber, as also the report of Third Annual 
Meeting, 23 pages. A fly-sheet, one page, on 
Fairfax, 1642, and Mirfield muster, and an- 
other four pages on Masters and Servants. 
1604, are reprinted from the "Brighou^e 
News," sifrned F.B. The Dewsbury Excursion, 
August, 1868, 26 pages, was edited by Mr. 
Barber. The Report of the Fourth Annual 
Meeting, January. 1869. occupies 15 pages, re- 
printed from the- "Huddersfield Examiner." 
The Excursion of August, 1869, was to Wake- 
field, 48 pages, reprinted from tHe "Wake- 
field Express." Mr. Barber at this time also 
exerted himself in the sale of large photo- 
graphs of Rastriok Cross, three varieties of 
Roman tiles at Slack, four views of Wallon 
Cross, and other photographs issued by the 
Association'; and also in securing subscribers 
for Mr. Hailstone's photograph copies of 
Portraits of Yorkshire Worthies, exhibited 
at Leeds Exhibition. In August, 1870, he 
issupd the Report of the Excursion to Ponte- 
fract 1 . 55 pages, reprinted from th^ "Pont*. 



150 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



iract Advertiser." At this meeting the Hud- 
derafield Society yielded its title to that of the 
Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical 
Association. Mr. Barber collected a few sets 
of the reports, thus flar, and had them bound. 
The collected volume is necessarily exceeding- 
ly rare. I have one and there is one in the 
Library at Leeds, formerly at Huddersfield. 
This Library, mostly the gift of Mr. Turner . 
Mil-field, I was asked to catalogue on its ar- 
rival in Huddersfield, and the present printed 
catalogue is an extension of it. 

Besides the more ephemeral publications of 
annual reports and annual excursions since 
1870, Mr. Barber was largely responsible for 
the publication of the "Yorkshire Archaeo- 
logical Journal." The fifth excursion was to 
Leeds, 1671, programme and report separately; 
the sixth. 1872, was to Fountains and Ripon; 
the seventh to York, 1873: the eighth to 
York, 1874; the 9th to Beverley, 1875, but 
there was no reprinted report; the tenth was 
in 1876. to Halifax, Shibden Hall, and Elland; 
as follows: Programme, illustrated, August 
30, 1876, 15 pages, Halifax, Walker, "Guard- 
ian" Office. The report was a reprint from 
the "Halifax Guardian," 40 pages; papers by 
Mr. Lister on Shibden Hall, Mr. Fowler on 
Mland Church window, and Mr. Barber on 
Halifax Church, are very valuable. 

The eleventh excursion was to Skipton and 
Bolton Priory, and proved as successful as 
the Halifax one, the memories of which have 
not yet passed away from the writer. For 
some time Mr. Barber's health had been fail- 
ing, and signs of mental strain were evident. 
For three years I had aided him in the 
laborious work of indexing the Journal, and 
Mr. G. W. Tomlinson. of Huddersfield, had 
been appointed Mr. Barber's co-secretary in 
1875. At Mr. Barber's suggestion, and by 
his influence I had been enabled to search the 
West Riding Sessions Rolls, the Wakefield 
Manor Rolls and the York Wills, beginning 
these pleasant researches in 1872. Such had 
been Mr. Barber's strong personality that up 
to this period the Society was often jocosely 
styled "Fairless Barber's Society." The 12th 
excursion, August, 1878, was to Selby and 
Hemingborough; 13th to Boroughbridge and 
Knaresborough; 14th to Rotherham in 1880, 
meantime Mr. Barber's name disappears and 
Mr. S. J. Chadwick, of Mirfield and Dewsbury, 
became co-secretary with Mr. Tomlinson. 

The Report for 1868 appears at the close of 
Vol. I. of the Journal, as also that for 1869, 
and in the latter year Part I. of the Journal 
appeared. From that date two parts have an- 
nually been supplied to members. Four 
parts form one volume. In Vol. I. Mr. Bar- 
ber has "The R-oman Station at Slack," il- 



lustrated, pages 1 12, a few copies being 
printed (as was the custom afterwards) for the 
author. "The West Riding Book of Rates," 
with notice of the death of Mr. John Burgees, 
December 2. 1869, aged 61, a geologist, ornith- 
ologist, as well as antiquary in prosecuting 
which he had traversed on foot the most 
beautiful parts of the country : pages 153 
168. Reprinted 16 pages. Mr. G. J. Army- 
tage printed the Hanson pedigree in this 
volume. 

The preface to the second volume, dated 
February, 1873, introduces my dear friend the 
Rev. Dr. Robert Collyer, then at Chicago, as 
a Yorkshire antiquary. Pages 129170 contain 
"Antiquarian Notices of Clay House in Greet- 
land," by the Prince of Yorkshire Antiquaries, 
the Rev- Joseph Hunter, author of a "Life of 
the Rev. Oliver Heywood." I have Hun- 
ter's copy of Gough's Topography, 2 vols., 4to, 
in which he has inserted numerous marginal 
notes to the Yorkshire section. The Clay 
House manuscript was written by him In 
January, 1845, and inscribed "to the Miss 
Baldwins of Clay House, a tribute to their 
Historical Taste, Knowledge and Curiosity 
from a much obliged Antiquarian Friend." 
To this paper my friend Mr. Thos. Henry 
Rushforth, of Coley Lodge, Ealing, contributed 
a picture of Clay House. Vol. III. has no- 
thing from the pen of Mr. Barber except the 
reports of 1873 and 1874. The preface acknow- 
ledges aid in indexing from myself as in the 
previous volume and from Mr. J. W. Clay. 
Vol. IV. has only the 1876 report, delivered 
at the 12th annual meeting, January, 1877, 
from Mr Barber's pen. Vol. V. has a report 
on the "West Riding Session Rolls," pages 
362405. and the 13th and 14th annual re- 
ports, the work of Mr. Barber. Vol. VI. has 
Extracts from Dodsworth's M'SS. relating to 
Brighouse. Kirklees, &c., by George J. Army- 
tage, F.S.A., and four pages by James W. 
Davis, F.S.A., F.G.S., on "Chipped Flints 
found on Moors near Halifax," and the 15th 
and 16th annual reports by Mr Barber. 
Virtually he had withdrawn from active work 
at the end of 1879 and in January, 1881, Mr. 
Chadwick became his successor. The obituary 
(VI. 460,) justly states that "the success and 
progress of the work done by the Association 
may be directly ti-aced to Mr. Barber's 
untiring zeal and unselfish devo- 
tion. Every member will mourn 
over his loss as the loss of a personal 
friend." My close friendship gained in his 
office at Brighouse and in his home at Castle 
Hill, enables me to support this testimony. 
Vol. VII. opens with a tribute to his memory 
from the pen of the Rev. J. T. Fowler, M.A., 
F.S.A., in which we are told that he was born 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



151 



at Castle Hill, Rastrick, January 11, 1835. He 
died at Pinner near Watford, March 3, 1881, 
and was interred there. The "Halifax Guard- 
ian" and other local papers of March 5th re- 
cord hie local labours, professional and bene- 
volent. Our work must conclude by giving a 
list of his publictaions not previously recorded 
in this sketch. 

"Kelso Abbey," drawn and lithographed by 
him, December, 1851. 

"An Essay in explanation of Fountains 
Abbey, read before the Yorkshire Union of 
Mechanics' Institutes, May 28. 1874, by Fair- 
less Barber, F.S.A."; Leeds, C. Goodall, 1874, 
demy 8vo., 13 pages with plan. I have a 
similar essay in manuscript by him on Kirk- 
sfcaJl Abbey, which does not appear to have 
been printed. 

The next item I have not seen. "The Church 
of St. John the Baptist, Chelmorton," re- 
printed fram the "Buxton Advertiser," with 
plate, 8 pages octavo, J. C. Ba,tes. Burton, 
printer. 

"On a Few Examples of Mediaeval Deeds" 
by Fiadrless Barber, F.S.A., a member of the 
Incorporated Law Society of the United King- 
dom. Reprinted from the "Proceedings," 
Manchester, October. 1878, 32 pages. After 
Mr. Barber's death I got the manuscript copies 
he had made of Mr. Dixon's deeds, and print- 
ed many of them in my "Yorkshire Notes and 
Queries," and was not then aware of the 
above pamphlet which contains other examples. 
I ventured to write to Mr. Dixon suggesting 
that the Kirkstall Abbey deeds should be sent 
to Leeds Corporation, and this was done. I 
have other copies that have not yet been 
printed. 



LXXXVn. MODERN ANTIQUARIAN 
WRITERS. 

The mantle of Fairless Barber fell on others 
besides myself, and specially so the phase em- 
braced in the work of the Yorkshire Archaeo- 
logical Society. MR. S. J. CHADWICK, 
F.S.A., solicitor, Dewsbury, a native of Brig- 
house, and ALDERMAN JOHN WILLIAM 
CLAY J.P., F.S.A., are worthy successors. 
SIR GEORGE JOHN ARMYTAGE, BART., 
F.S.A.. of Kirklees. is just outside our parish 
bounds to be included in these sketches, other- 
wise we should have a long record of work 
for the Harleian Society, of which he haa 
been, if we may invent a term, the Fairless 
Barber. 

Mr. Chadwick's articles in the Yorkshire 
Journal ha/ve treated on "Excavations on the 
Site of Almondbury Castle," Vol. XV., "Old 
Painted Glass in Dewsbury Church," XV., 



"The Plague in Yorkshire," XV. and XVI., 
"Kirklees Priory," XVI. and XVII. 

Mr. Clay's papers have been on "Elland 
Church," Vol. X , two parts; "Autobiography 
of Sir John Savile, 1564," Vol. XV.. aided by 
Mr. John Lister; and Notes to Paver's Mar- 
riage Licences, Vols. XVI., XVII. 

In 18S2 Mr. Tomlinson began as sole secre- 
tary and we had frequent correspondence, and 
in August, 1884, I drew up for him the out- 
line programme to IlkLey, Otley and Farnley, 
and lent the illustrations, 14 pages. In 1886, 
Mr. Chadwick appears as secretary for the 
Record Series, .the origin of which evolved from 
a proposed Parish Register Society 
for Yorkshire. The first circular 
is dated May 22nd. 1882, and 

subscribed by me and my neighbour Samuel 
Margerison, of Calverley. We issued a second 
circular. May 30th, endorsed by twenty-one 
leading Yorkshire antiquaries, calling a meet- 
ing at the Leeds Public Library for June 3rd. 
Protestation was made against taking the 
Parish Registers to London, and a Committee 
to consider ways and means was appointed. 
We met at Leeds, Halifax, &c., but affiliation 
with the Yorkshire ArchaBologicai Society 
naturally resulted, and after a considerable 
time, though Bolton Percy Register was an- 
nounced for publication, the title "Record 
Series" was adopted, and no register has ever 
appeared. Equally useful work has been 
done, and a Yorkshire Parish Register Society 
was founded many years afterwards. The Re- 
cord Society's annual subscription was fixed at 
one guinea. A Yorkshire Historical Society, 
promulgated by the Rev. R. V. Taylor in 1*84, 
collapsed at inception, gracefully climbing 
down by suggesting a prior claim of the Re- 
cord Series. A North Riding Record Society 
was begun in January, 1883 and produced 
thirteen good volumes. Though I have the 
publications, I never consented to join the 
Society. In 1889 I joined in the formation of 
the Leeds Thoresby Society, and soon after in 
the founding of the East Riding Society. These 
two Societies have published valuable books, 
but they are wide of our parish. The Brad- 
ford Society will be elsewhere mentioned. 
With all this divergence of interests it is 
surprising what good, although scarcely 
adequate support the Record Series as well as 
the parent Society have rceived. For some- 
time Mr. J. W. Clay was co-secretary with 
Mr. Chadwick for the Record Series. Besides 
the nineteen volumes nearly completed of the 
Journal (including Hemingborough History), 
and a host of Excursion Programmes 
and Reports, the Society is still 
vigorously prosecuting its labours in 
the Record Series, 84 volumes having 



152 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



already appeared. Mr. Clay is now sole-secre- 
tary for the Record Series, but on the Council 
appear the names of Mr. S. J. Chad wick, 
Vice-President, Sir G. J. Armytage, Mr. E. 
Wi Crossley, Halifax, Mr. John Lister, Hali- 
fax; with representatives from other locali- 
ties. The two phases of work that please me 
most as bearing on Halifax district I strongly 
urged upon Mr. Tomlinson at the foundation 
of the Record Series. These are the ten vol- 
umes giving the Index of Wills at York, and 
the Wakefield Manor Court Rolls, just begun. 
Vol. III., edited by Mr. John Lister has al- 
ready been mentioned. Vol. IV. gives ''Ab- 
stracts of Yorkshire Wills in the Time of the 
Commonwealth," at Somerset House, London, 
chiefly illustrative of Sir William Dugdale's 
Visitation of Yorkshire in 1665-6. Edited by 
John William Clay, F.S.A. (Worksop, R. 
White, printer,) 1890, large octavo, pages iv. 
208. Vol. XV. gives "Yorkshire Royalist 
Composition Papers, or the Proceedings of the 
Committee for Compounding with Delinquents 
during the Commonwealth. Vol. I'." Edited 
bv John William Clay. F.S.A., Member of 
the Councils of the Yorkshire Archaeological' 
and Harleian Societies. 1893. (London print: 
ed,) pages viii.. 1 252. Vol. XVIII. is a con- 
tinuation of Yorkshire Royalist Composition 
Papers." Vol. II. Edited by John William 
Clay, F.S.A.. 1895; pages xii., 1244. Vol. 
XX. contimies the same, as Vol. III. Edited 
by John Willia.ni Clay, F.S.A.. 1896, pages 
rvi., 232. All these are demy octavo size. 
Vol. XXXIV. is Dodsworth's Church Notes, 
edited by Mr. Clay, but I have not the vol- 
ume at hand. John William Clay, F.S.A., 
J.P., Rastrick, edited "Testamenta libor- 
acensiia: A Selection of Wills from the Re- 
gistry at York, Vol. VI.," published by the 
Surtees Society, (Vol. 106), 1902; demy octavo, 
pages xi., 1342; printed at Leeds. In this 
volume appear the wills of John Thornhill, 
Fixby, 1529; Thomas Savile. of Southowram, 
1530 (not 1430); John Holdsworth, of Ashday r 
1528; Thomas Sasvile, of Copley, 1531; Si? 
Richard Tempest of Boiling, who had lands 
in Ovenden and Wadsworth, 1537; Richard 
Sunderland, of High Sunderland, 1537; Rich- 
ard Holdsworth, of Ashday, 1543; Thomas and 
Richard Foxoroft. of Sowerby, 1543; John 
Drake. 1644; Richard Lister, 1545; Henry 
Farrer, of Ewood, 1548. Besides a volnme on 
the Visitation of Cambridgeshire, and another 
on St. Paul's Cathedral Registers, London, he 
has edited for the Harleian Society Hunter's 
Minor Gentry, a most valuable work for the 
genealogist, we might say unequalled . The*<< 
four volumes are royal octavo, virtually small 
quarto size, as under : Publications of the 
Hferleian Society, estab. 1869. Vol. 37. "Fam- 



iliae Minorum Gentium; Diligentia Josephi 
Hunter, Sheffieldiensis, S.A.S. Volume 1. 
Edited by John W. Clay. F.S.A., 1894, pages 
xi., 1 420, xix. Volume 2, 1895, pages vii., 
421828. Volume 3, 1S95. pages vii., 8291172, 
xx. Volume 4, 1896, pages vi., 11731454, xx. 
For many years the present Sir George J. 
Armytage was secretary of this Society, and 
is the only surviving founder of it probably, 
dating from March, 1869. 

For the Parish Register Society Mr. Cla.v has 
edited the Wath Register, and also Vol. I. of 
the Elland Register. I suppose this Elland 
Register is a separate issue from the privately 
printed one, when he printed 300 copies and 
generously gave the proceed* to the New 
Church fund at Elland. This volume was 
issued about Christmas, 1896. "The Regipt^iB 
of "Rllliand co. Yorkshire. Vol. I., 1559 to 1640. 
Edited by John William Clay, F.S.A." Priv- 
ately printed for the Editor by J. Whitehead 
and Son. Teeds; demy octavo, pages iv., 1390. 

We next approach his heavy task of Dug- 
dale's Visitation of Yorkshire with additions. 
This formidable undertaking of bringing Dug- 
dale's pedigrees down to present time is not 
yet completed. It appears in parts, smau 
folio size, illustrated by numerous coats of 
arms. Pollard, of Exeter, is the printer The 
titles read : 

DUGDALETS 

VISITATION OF YORKSHIRE 
With Additions. 

Edited by 
J. W. CLAY, F.S.A. 

Part I. 1894. pages iii., 188. 

Part II. 1896, pages 89180. 

Part III. 1897, pages iii.. 181276. 

(Part TV.) 1899, pages 277 38H, and Title and 

Contents vii. 

(Part V.) 1901, pages iii., 1120. 
(Part VI.) 1903, pages iii., 121252. 
Still in progress. 

I have not information at hand to complete 
the list of Mr. Chadwick's publications. I 
hav the Mirfield Parish Magazine from No. I. 
January 1871, to No. 84, December, 1877, con- 
taining sections monthly of a history of Mir- 
field by Mr. Chad wick. These are continued 
in the Nos. 85192, December, 1886, and with 
greater interest. Probably the have been 
continued since 1886. He was author of "Kirk- 
lees Nunnery," 36 pages, in the Batley Anti- 
quary, 1887. He also issued "Dewsbuiy 
Parish Church, and its Endowments, with 
Copies of Terriers, Vicarage Eindowment JUeed. 
&c.," octavo pamphlet, 1886, 52 pages, price 
6di. given to the Restoration Fund. Joseph 
Hunter's notes occupy pages 37 52. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



153 



LXXXV1II. MODERN ANTIQUARIAN 
WRITERS. 

Mr. Thomas Thornton Empsall and Mr. 
Win. Cudworth called a meeting for the forma- 
tion of the Bradford Antiquarian Society, on 
May 9th, 1878. Mr. Empsall was voted chair- 
man and Mr. Cudworth secretary (pro. temp.) 
Mr. E. P. Peterson proposed and Mr. J. Hors- 
fall Turner seconded that a Society be formed. 
The first meeting was held May 30th, and the 
inaugural address was delivered July 12th. 
The first paper was given in August by J. 
Horsfall Turner on "Bccleshill Officials from 
1(272." March, 1879,Mr. Empsall gave a paper 
on "Bradford in the 14th Century," and in 
August he contributed "The Farnley Wood 
Plot," and in January, 1880, "Captain Hodg- 
son of Coley." In October, 1880. Mr. Hors- 
fall Turner read "Bradford Wills, prior to 
1500." jiivl in October, 180, he added "Brad- 
ford Wills, 15001550," and in September. 
1881, a further contribution of Bradford Wills 
to 1600. In January, 1881. Mr. Empsall's paper 
was on "Bradford Church Records," and in 
February. 188^, Mr. Bmpsall gave "Extracts 
from the Earliest Bradford Manor Rolls, 
(temp.) Bdw. Til." This year he was de- 
graded to the Vice-Presidency to please some 
time-servers who wished to place Mr. George 
Ackroyd in the post of honour. It was a 
o-rnal failure, and Mr. Empsall at the close 
was reinstated, not again to lose the post 
during his life time. His successive papers 
were, 1882-3, "Local Royalist Compounders" ; 
1883-4. continuation of the same: 1884-5, 
' Bradford in the 16th century"; 1886, "Brad- 
ford in the 16th century"; 1887. "Bradford in 
the 17th century," and in 1887-8, "The Boiling 
Familv." We had. as may be imagined from 
the fact that Mr. Empsall and I were natives 
of Slead Syke district, several society excursions 
over the Bradford boundaries into Halifax 
parish, as to Rookes in April, 1579, Coley and 
High Bentley in May, 1879, Shibden Hall in 
September, 1879. Many other local visits 
were made, including High Sunderland in 
1885, Barkisland in 1885. Halifax and Elland 
Churches in 1886, Holdsworth and Ovenden 
in 1888, and a second visit to Shibden. These 
excursions drew into membership two con- 
spicuous workers for the Bradford Society, 
namely. Mr. George Hepworth, of Brighouse, 
who photographed objects of interest during 
the excursions and reproduced by his lantern 
the views for an annual meetinar in winter, 
1887-8-9, and Mr. Lister, of Shibden Hall. 
Mr. Lister's papers were looked for annually 
s valuable additions of original research. I 
think one of his first contributions wag a 
paper "Local Illustrations (Wibsey) of See- 



bohm's English Village Community," given 
in December. 1884. In March, 1886, his paper 
was entitled "Early Trade in Agbrigg and 
Morley Wapentakes." In February, 1887, he 
gave "Gleanings from Old Halifax Life." 
Meantime Mr. Empsall, aided by myself and 
two or three others had transcribed many 
years of the Bradford Parish Register. I fear 
that in the several hands there are many in- 
accuracies because some of the transcribers 
were very unsafe in reading the old caligraphy. 
Another joint effort was in compiling the 
Bradford bibliography which goes under the 
name of Mr. Empsall in the later sections of 
the Bradford Antiquary. Mr. Cudworth was 
the first editor of th<j journal, but Mr. Fed- 
erer, than whom I have never found a greater 
Yorkshire bibliophile or more devoted friend, 
has edited the annual issues for several years. 
Vol. I., completed in 1888, (five parts), con- 
tains articles bearing on Halifax writers, as 
under : Bradford in the 14th century, by T. 
T. Empsall; Early Notices of Rookes Family, 
by J. Horsfall Turner; Bibliography, by T. 
T. Bmpsall (and others); Bradford Parish 
Registers, by T- T. Empsall (and others); 
Bradford Land Tax, 1704, by T. T. Empsall: 
Farnley Wood Plot, by T. T. Empsall; Social 
Life in Bradford in Mth century, by T. T. 
Empsall; Local Royalist Compounders, by 
T. T. Empsall; Manor or Lordship of Tdel. 
with plan. 1584, by J. Horsfall Turner; Early 
Local Wills in York Registry, by J. Horsfall 
Turner; Ancient Charters from the Heming- 
way Manuscripts, by J. Lister, M.A.; Muster 
Rolls of Bradford District, temp. Hy. VIII., 
by J. Lister, M.A. ; Local Illustrations of 
Village Field System, with plan of Odsal 
Fields, by J. Lister. M.A. 

Volume II., completed in 1895, contains 
inter alia, the Bradford Register and the 
Bibliography as before, and the Land Tax of 
1704; and also Transcripts of Early Local 
Wills, as well as transcripts from the Hem- 
ingway Charters, by Mr. Lister. Mr. Lister's 
contributions to this volume are, "Early 
Woollen Trade in Halifax and Bradford dis 
trict," "Manorial Survey. Bradford, 1342"; 
"Manorial Surveys of Leeds, Rothwell, AI- 
lerton, Kippax and Ledstone." Mr. Empsall's 
papers are, "Bradford in the 15th Century"; 
"Bradford Manor Rolls, 14th to 16th Century"; 
"Lees HaJl. Thornhill": "Boiling Family"-. 
"Slead Hall, Li#hteliffe" : "Marley Hall, 
Binley"; "High Sunderland, Halifax"; 
"Local Military Tenures"; "Joseph Lister and 
the Siege of Bradford." In 1889 he read two 
papers on "Bradford 1650-1700," and in Feb- 
ruary, 1891. "Old Local Families." Mr. Lister 
read papers on "General Fawcett, a native of 
Shibden," in 1889, and three papers on the 



154 



HAJJFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



"Pilgrimage of Grace," in 1890. Mr. J. W. 
Clay gave a paper in December, 1888, on 
"Yorkshire Heraldic Visitations." In Feb- 
ruary, 1893 , Mr. Eknpsall gave a paper on 
"Joseph Lister of Kipping," and in April, 
1896, Mr. John Lister contributed a fourth 
paper on "The Pilgrimage of Grace." "Local 
Testamentary Curiosities" was the subject of 
Mr. Empsall's paper in January, 1896. In 
February, 1897, the Rev. Bryan Dale, M.A., 
formerly of Halifax, gave a paper on "Lord 
Wharton and his Charities." Mr. Dale has 
contributed several other papers. The 1892, 
July excursion was to Budding Park and 
Spofforth Castle, when J. Horsfall Turner was 
cicerone. I find I am credited with giving a 
paper that year but T do not 
remember the subject. The Third 
Volume of the Bradford Anti- 

quary," part I. of a new series, was given to 
the editorship of Professor Federer, who suit- 
ably opens with a frontispiece portrait of Mr. 
T. T. Empsall, with a memoir by Mr. W. 
Cudworth. Mr. Ebipsall was born near Slead 
Syke in August, 1824. He died at Ashgrove, 
Bradford, in March, 1696. As a youth he 
worked for Mr. Holland. Slead Syke Mills, 
and then became a schoolmaster. When I 
began to know him more intimately, in 1870, he 
had an insurance agency as well as a shop in 
Manchester-road, Bradford, and was then a 
book collector of antiquarian tastes. From 
1873 our friendship became closer, and we 
often met for bibliographical chat, all centr- 
ing on Liejhtcliffe district. He was engaged 
in philanthropic works in various directions, 
and also was a town councillor some years. 
Besides being natives of the same hamlet, at 
tending the same Sunday School, though not 
at the same time, trained at the same College, 
Borough-road, London, workers in the same 
denomination, we had generally the same 
tastes in literature. 

In the new series, the first printed paper is 
one by Mr. "Empsall on "Ancient Monastic 
Properties of the District," and in the same 
part, July, 1896, is a paper by the Rev. Bryan 
Dale, M.A.. on "Shibden Dale and Sir Thomas 
Browne/" In part 2, July, 1897, is a contri- 
bution by J. Horsfall Turner on "Ancient 
Eccleshill," pages 137158. The third part 
has a paper on Bramhope Chapel, (three il- 
lustrations), by the Rev. Bryan Dale, who was 
President of the Society, 1897-8. In the fourth 
part, July. 1899, he has two papers "Cromwell 
in Yorkshire," and "Puritan Ministers in 
"West Yorkshire,*' and in part five, July, 1900, 
a paper on "Non-parochial Registers in York- 
shire," based on the lists given in my ''York- 
shire County Magazine," 1892-3. The second 
volume of the new series starts with part 6, 



July, 1901, in which Mr. Dale has "The Origin- 
al Home of the Pilgrim Fathers," two illustra- 
tions. In the 7th part, July, 1902, he has two 
articles "Ministers of Bradford Church and 
three Chapels of Ease in Puritan Times," and 
"James Naylor, the Mad Quaker." In part 
9, he has a paper on the Puritan Ministers of 
the district around Bradford. Part 10 is just 
due, July, H905. 

Besides these evidences of help received by 
Bradford from Halifax parishioners, the Brig- 
house press comes in with at least five re- 
prints. 

"Bradford Historical and Antiquarian 
Society, Aysgarth in Wensleydale." Reprinted 
from the "Brighouse News," June 16, 1893; 
four pages, double columns. 

"Kirkby Lonsdale in Westmoi eland." Re- 
printed from the "Brighouse News," JuJy 28, 
1894; four pages, double columns. 

"Durham Cathedral and Castle." Reprinted 
from the "Brighouse News," August llth, 
1894; four pages, double columns. 

"Excursion to Malton." Reprinted from the 
"Brighouse News," September 8th, 1894; six 
pages, double columns. 

"Royds Hall and the Rookes Family." Re- 
printed from the "Brighoxise News," June 1st 
1895; six pages, double columns. 

Mr. J. Norton Dickons, solicitor, Halifax, 
though having his offices there, lives in Brad- 
ford, and having no further connection with 
Halifax. I think, does not come within our 
limits. He has published at least three books 
that I value, (1) Bibliography of Bradford, (2) 
Methodism in Bradford, (3) Roman Yorkshire, 
with illustrations. 



LXXXIX. MODERN ANTIQUARIAN 
WRITERS. 

JAMES CROSSLEJY, F^S.A., was born at 
the Mount, Halifax, March 31st, 1800. He 
was maternally descended from Nathaniel 
Waterhouse, the Halifax benefactor. He was 
trained at Hipperholme and Heath Schools, 
and later at Manchester, where be became a 
solicitor, 1823-1860. He was a regular coniri- 
butor to the early volumes of Blackwood's 
Magazine and the Retrospective Review, and 
he occasionally assisted Lockhart in bio- 
graphies for the Quarterly Review. The 
Chetham Society had its origin at his resid- 
ence in Booth Street, Manchester, and he be- 
came President in 1848, and aided in issuing 
110 volumes. He became President of the 
Spenser Society and of the Record Society of 
Manchester. He edited Potts' Discovery of 
Witches," the "Diary and Correspondence of 
Dr. John Worthington, 2 vols.," "Tracts of 
Sir Thomas Browne, 12mo., 1822," "Itobert 
Heywood of Heywood's Observations and In- 
structions (in verse)," small quarto, 18tW. In 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



155 



1840 he edited "I>r. ohn Wallis's Letters on 
the Trinity," from the original manuscripts. 
He was a frequent contributor to the London 
"Notes and Queries." He was a member of 
the Philobiblon Society from its establish- 
ment, ins greatest eminence- is as a uook 
collector and bibliographer, many of his books 
have careful annotations and literary notes. 
What our old correspondent Mr. Hailstone 
was for Yorkshire Mr. Crossley was for Lan- 
cashire in particular, with a large Yorkshire 
rivalry. Mr. Hailstone invited me twice to 
Walton Hall with a view that I should spend 
some months in cataloguing his vast collec- 
tion, but that I could not accomplish. Mr. 
Crossley's library was equally overwhelming, 
so much so that when the first sale of a part 
of it took place at Manchester the cataloguer 
informed me it was impossible to find a copy 
of Ainsworth's Triplex, ic however turned up 
in the London section of books afterwards, 
and I secured it. If the word bibliomaniac 
may be applied in a good sense it may be 
given to these two collectors, both of whom 
allowed their books to be dispersed (with some 
exception in Mr. Hailstone's case). Mr. 
Crossley's portrait by Mercier is placed over 
the entrance to the Manchester Free Library, 
where his books ought to have gone, and a 
later one by Walker is in Chetham's Library, 
Manchester. An excellent photo, will be found 
in my old friend Smith's Old Yorkshire, vol. 
3. 1882. Messrs. Sotheby, of London, in one 
of their catalogues announced for sale: Lot 
474, (James Crossley), "Julian, or the Eevenge 
of the Anuesleys, by Charles .t'ercival Rad- 
cliffe. Three volumes, autograph manuscript, 
small 8vo., 1875. A well-written and interest- 
ing novel, the product of Mr. Crossley's later 
years. Jt is full of stirring and rapid incid- 
ents, told in a smooth and easy style, and 
deserves to be printed in Manchester, not 
only as a creditable wont of fiction but as a 
memorial of the departed worthy, who was one 
of the glories of Cottonopolis." I have not 
been able to substantiate or otherwise the 
authorship of this manuscript, nor trace the 
purchaser, May, 1887, but Mr. C. W. Sutton, 
than whom Manchester has no equal author- 
ity, states that the wnting of the novel is 
who-lly in the hand of HENRY CROSSLY i, 
the author of a manuscript sold the same day 
at the Crossley sale, entitled "Crichton, a 
Tragedy: autograph manuscript of a play 
written by Henry Crossley, brother of James. 
Mr. Sutton says that Henry was the author 
also of the novel. Henry must be further 
claimed as a Halifax author, having published 
a small legal treatise on Wills; and, being 
an accomplished Hebrew scholar, he wrote 
several contributions on .biblical subjects, 
which were printed in sundry periodicals. 

Potts' Lancashire Witches was first printed 
in 1613; Mr. Crossley edited it for the Chet- 
ham Society in 1645. small quarto, (the date 



is misprinted 1745). Pages Ixxix., 192, un- 
numbered, and 51 pages of notes. Heywood's 
Observations, small 4to., Chetham Society, 
1869, pages xx., 107. Worthington's Diary, 
small 4to.. Chetham Society, vol. 1, 1847, pp. 
viii., 398; vol. 2, 248 pp. for part 1. 

MR. JAMBS CROSSLj^'S famous Library 
was sold by auction as under : 
(1). Manchester. 

Catalogue of a .Portion of the Library of the 
late James Crossley, .r'.S.A., Stocks House, 
Cheetham. Seven Days of Sale, May liJta 
(1884) to May 19th inclusive, at 11 a.m. each 
day; 2,682 lots. Compiled by Henry Gray; 
printed at Warrington, 294 pages, demy 
octavo, and paper covers, Is. The Remainder 
of the Library will be sold in London during 
the year," 1884. 
(2). (London.) 

Catalogue of the First Portion of the Very 
Extensive, Curious, and Valuable Library of 
the late James Crossley, Esq., F.S.A., Pre- 
sident of the Chetham Society, &c., &c., &c. 
Days of Sale (seven), July 21et to July 28th 
inclusive; 2,824 lots, 1884; demy octavo, pages 
ii., 283, and covers. 
(3). (London.) 

Catalogue of the Second Portion of the 
Library of Rare Books and important manu- 
scripts of the late James Crossley, Esq., F.S.A., 
President of the Chetham Society, &c. Days 
of Sale (nine), June 14th to June 20th in- 
clusive; 3,119 lots, 1885, demy octavo, pages 
ii., 307, and covers. These three volumes 
total 8,625 lots, or about 100,000 volumes.. 
(4). Henry Gray, Manchester, issued "A 
Descriptive Catalogue. October, 1884, with 
Collations and Notes of Rare, Curious, and 
Valuable Books, comprising Works on Anti- 
quities, Topography, &c., &c., from that por- 
tion of the Library of the late James Crossley, 
Esq.. F.S.A., recently sold i n London. 
(Bought by, and) offered for sale by Henry 
Gray, Manchester; 112 pages and covers, 
demy octavo. 

The Halifax items, so far as they are men- 
tioned, are as under: 

(Manchester Sale : ) 
Birch's Life of Tillotson. 1753; several copies 

of this book and of many others in this list. 
Hooke's Nonconformist Champion, li/o<. 
Browne's Religio Medici, 1736; 8th edition 1682 
Edward's Catalogue, 1816 ; part 1, 1815; Sale 

Catalogue, 1828. 

Cox's Halifax Grammar School, 1879. 
Cronhelm's All Soul's Church, i860. 
Fawcett's Hey wood n.d. Anger 1787, Hymns 

1782, Life 1818. 

Franks' Sacred Literature, 1)802; Genesis, 1802 
J. C. Franks' Magi. 1814 
John Boys' Exposition of the Gospel, 1611; 

Works, 1629. 
Halifaxiana, or Rescued Blossoms, containing 

Original Anecdotes, Ac. 1805. "Collected by 

W. Winn, ' note by Crossley. 



156 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Observations on the Spring at Well Head by 
Pliilofax, a rare broadside, 1760. 

J. Galvert's Two Sermons by the Rev. James 
Crossley, Booth near Halifax, 1820. 

Oastler's Vicarial Tithes 1827; Letter to Hol- 
land, Hoole, no date (tract). 

Thomas Crossley's Halifax, a poetical Sketch, 
1831. 

(Jacobs') Halifax, 1789. 

Halifax and its Gibbet Law, 1761. t 

The Wars of the Jews, Halifax, 1809. 

Libel Trial, Brown v. Leyland. 1835. 

Pocket Companion for Harrogate Spaw, Hali- 
fax, 1760. 

D. Hartley's Christian Religion, 1795. 

Slate's Oliver Heywood, 1827. 

Heywood's Closet Prayer 1700, Family Altar, 
Liverpool, 1807. God's Favour, Brearley 
Hall, 1796, Heywood's Life and Works, 
1827. 

H. Ingrain's Matilda, 1830. 

Percival's Letter on the Manchester Dispute?, 
Halifax, no date. 

Life of Cockin, 1829. 

Midgley's Present State of the Whole World. 
1694. (? Halifax.) 

Lord Halifax's Miscellanies, 1704. 

S. Ogden's Sermons on Christian Faith, 1777; 
ditto with Life by Hughes 1832; Sermons 
1770. 

Akroyd's Improved Dwellings, 1862. 

R. Holsworth's Valley of Vision, 1651. 
(? Halifax). 

J. Hoyle's Rejoynder to Malone's Reply Con- 
cerning Keall Presence, 1641. 

Halifax Commercial Chronicle and Yorkshire 
and Lancashire Advertiser, Nos. 1 79, 2 
vols., July 4th, 1829, to December 24. 1830. 

Halifax Guardian, Nos. 426, 1832-3. 

Halifax Guardian, 1843-6. 

Halifax Journal, complete set, June 6, 1801, 
to February 23, 1811, ten vols. 

Geo. Savile's Character of Charles II., 1750. 

Jas. Crossley on the Death oi Jas. Oldfield, 
1770. 

Rev. J. Crowther on the Death of Olerenshaw, 
Bury. 1824. 

John Watson's Apology, 1735. 

H. W. Coulthurst, Sermon to Halifax Volun- 
teers, 1794, 1804. 

Slinrrsby and Captain Hodgson, 1806. 

M. Smith's True Notion of Imputed Righte- 
ousness, 1700. 

Tacitus, with Notes, &c., by Sir H. Savile, 3 
vols., 1698. 

Tillotson's Works, 6 vols., 1726; 12 vols., 1748; 
Beauties of Tillotson, Dublin, 1794; Life by 
F.H., 1717; Reason against Raillery, or a 
Full Answer to Dr. Tillotson's Preface 
against J.S., 1672; Remarks on Birch's Life 
of Tillotson, 1753 (tract); Sermons, 1749; 
Sermons, 1673; Works, 9 vols., 1700. 

J. Ogden's Sermon preached at Sowerby, April 
8, 1804, to the Western Corps ofTIalifax 
Parish Volunteers, 1804. 



W. Turner, junr., Lives of Unitarians. 

Life of Tillotson, portrait, 1717; Works, 10th 
edition, Dublin 1726; Birch's Life, large 
paper, 1752; Works, 3 vols., 1752. 

Walker's Parish of Halifax Directory, 1845. 

Ed. Waterhous's Gentleman's Monitor, 1665; 
Divine Meditations, 1653; Apologiefor Learn- 
ing, 1653; Discourse and Defence of Arms 
and Armoury, 1660; Fortescutus illustratus; 
Treatise de Laudibus Legum Angliae, 1663. 

Chas. Whitfield's Memoirs of Rev. Isaac Slee, 
of Ha worth; Halifax, 1801. 

Halifax Directory, 1850. 

Life and Opinions of Richard Oastler, portrait, 
1838. 

Case of E. Akroyd Ridgway. Esq., claiming an 
Exhibition; folding pedigree of the Akroyd 
family, 1867. 

W. Alexander's Horley Green Mineral Water, 
1840. 

J. B. Wood's Flora Mancuniensie, Halifax, 1640. 

Trial of Michael Stocks, 1815. 

Portfolio containing Halifax tracts and news- 
paper cuttings. 

In the First London section: 

Halifax and its Gibbet Law, frontispiece. 1761 

Ainsworth's Triplex, 1650, which I secured for 
3 10s. Od. 

W. Alexander's Catalogue of his Library, on 
fine paper, 1816; probably the Halifax 
gentleman and not the York bookseller? 

Wright's Halifax, 1738, several copies. 

Browne's Religio Medici, 1642. This is the 
surreptitious impression made for Andrew 
Crooke. and is very rare. Mr. Crossley in 
this and in hundreds of other books makes 
bibliographical notes of great interest, but 
they are now dispersed to the four wind*. 
Why did not Halifax secure all the local, 
if not all the Yorkshire items ? 

Religio, 2nd edition, A. Crooke, 1643. Dighy * 
Observations on Religio Medics, 1644. 

Bol ton's Felices, both parts; 46 iv. loured plates 
of ferns, Leeds 1785-90. Song Buds, lar^e 
paper edition, 2 vols., plates, 1794-6 Har- 
monta Ruralis, Song Birds, 80 coloured 
plates. 2 vols. in one, 1830. 

Annie Crossley dough's Cranleigh, of Cran- 
leigh. a story; dedicated to James Crossley, 
Esq., by his niece the author, 1873. 

Crabtree's Halifax, large paper, 1836. 

Jacob's Halifax, 4 plates, 1789. 

Favour's Antiquities triumphing over Novel- 
tie, 1619. 

Watson's Halifax, 1775. 

D. Hartley's Observations on Man, with ad- 
ditions by H. Pistorius portrait by Blake, 
1791; Observations, 3 vols., 1801. 

Life of O. Heywood, 1827. 

Ainsworth's Marrow of the Bible, 1652. 

D. Crosly. Triumph of Sovereign Grace, Man- 
chester, 1743. 

Joshua Hoyle. D.D., in Ireland, A Rejoynder 
to Master Malone's Reply concerning Real! 
Presence, 1611, Dublin. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



157 



The Union Journal or Halifax Advertiser, No. 

1, 1759, February 6th, to No. 84, September 

9, 1760; also 84 parts with index. 
Life and Adventures of Joe Thompson, 2 vols., 

portrait, 1763; (probably not connected with 

Halifax). 
Leyland's Ancient Buildings in Halifax, 25 

plates oblong, 1879. 
O. Heywood's Works, 5 vols., 1827; several 

sets. 
Sir T. Browne's Tracts, edited by J. Croesley, 

1822. 
H. Savile, A Libell of Spanish Lies, found at 

the Sacke of Gales discoursing the Fight In 

the West Indies between the English and the 

Spaniard, and the death of Sir F. Drake, 

1596. 
Worthington's Diary, edited by J. Crossley, 

Chetham Society. 

R. Heywood's Observations, edited by J. Cross- 
ley, Chetham Society. 
Henry Krabtree's Almanack. 
Matt. Sutcliffe; six treatises; also Practice. 

Proceedings and Lawes of Armes, black 

letter 1593; the Subversion of R. Parsons, 

1606. 
John Waite, Of the Creatures Liberation from 

the Bondage of Corruption, a rare volume, 

printed at York, 1650. 
Henry Ramsden's Gleaning in God's Harvest, 

16:39. 
Watson's Halifax, 1775. with marginal notes 

and insertions by Canon Raine. 
Watson's Halifax, 1775, with marginal notes 

by the Rev. Dr. Whitaker. Several other 

copies. 
Watson's Memoirs of the Ancient Earls of 

Warren and Surrey, and their Descendants, 

2 vol., portraits, &c., Warrington, 1782; 

also a copy with two leaves of corrections, 

and folding plate of the Earl drawing bis 

sword . 

Second London Sale . 
(W. M. Winn.) History of Halifax, plates, 

Halifax. no date. Query if this is not 

Jacob's* Halifax and not Winn's Halif axiana ? 

This is so for it appears again with the 

date 1789. 
E. Waterhous, Gentleman's Monitor, 1665, 

portrait inserted. 

Ho.Twood's Diaries, J. Horsfall Turner, 1882. 
Heywood's Life, Leeds, pirated from Fawcett's. 

no date. 
^Rev. E. Nelson's) History of Halifax, no date, 

is another copy of Jacob's Halifax, pirated 

from Watson's History. 
Barrow's Works. 4 vols., folio, published by 

Dr. Tillotson. 
Browne's Religio, engraved title by Marshall, 

1642, one of the two surreptitious editions 
(S. Midgley) Halifax and its dibbet Law, 

frontispiece, no date, several copies. 
S. Midgley's Halifax and its Gibbet Law 

1708. 
Crabtree's Halifax, two copies, 1836. 



W. Waterhouse (? Halifax 1 ). Sober Reflections 
upon the Act for Chimney Money, 1662. 

De Foe's Robinson Crusoe, frontispiece, 1179. 
Farther Adventures, let edition, map, 1719, 
Serious Refections during the Life. &c., of 
Robinson Crusoe, with his Vision of the 
Angelick World. 1st edition, plate, 1720. 
Vie et les Aventures surprenantes de Kobin- 
son Crusoe et Reflections serieuses et im- 
portantes, 3 vols., map and plates. 1st 
French edition, Amsterdam, 1720-1. 

Major's edition, G. Cruikshank's plates on 
India paper, 4to., large paper, 1883. 100 
copies, pp. vii., 563. 

Robinson Crusoe, 3rd edition, frontispiece, 

1719. Farther adventures 1719, several 
copies of 1st edition, as also of Reflexions, 

1720. Robinson Crusoe, 1)722; also 2 vols., 
1747; Reprint of the 1st edition, 1883, Man- 
chester edition 1816, another edition 1815, 
Crusoniana, Manchester, 1843, Robinson 
Crusoe, 2 vols., 1767. (De Foe's list in 
Crossley's Catalogue comprises thirteen 
pages.) 

R. Wilkinson's Saints Travels to the Land 
of Canaan, 1650. (? Halifax.) 

D. Crosley's Samson, a Type of Christ, K744. 

E. Deane's Spadacrene Anglica, 1626; also 1736. 
Favour's Antiquitie triumphing, 1619. 

H. Fielding's Life of Jonathan Wild, plates 
by Phiz, Halifax, 1843. 

T. Garnett's Experiments and Observations 
on the Horley Green Spaw, near Halifax. 
Bradford, 1790. 

Halifaxiana, or Rescued Blossoms, rialifax, 
1805, several copies. 

History of the Famous Town of Halifax, 
frontispiece, 1712. [Midgley's.] 

W. Ainsworth's Marrow of fk Bible, 1652. 

Browne's Religio, Lugd. Bat., 1650. 

J. Harrison (? Vicar of Halifax.) Yet a Course 
at the Romyshe Fox; a disclosynge or 
openynge of the Manne of Synne, co'tayned 
in the late declaratyon of the Popes olde 
faythe made by Edmonde Boner, bysshopp 
of London; Zurik, 1543. 

O. Heywood's Heavenly Converse, 1697; 
Israel's Lamentation, 1683; Heart Treasure, 
1667; Sure Mercies, 1672; Baptismal Bonds 
1687; Best Entail, 1693; Family Altar, 1693; 
Closet Prayer 1687; Christ's Intercession, 
1701; Life of John Angier, 1685; Works and 
Life, 5 vols., Idle, 1827; Hunter's Life of O. 
Hey wood. 1842; Remarks upon the Life of 
Nathaniel Heywood, dedicated to Lord 
Willoughby by Sir H. Ashurst, 1703. 

J. Robinson's Dndoxia. or Some probable In- 
quiries into Truth, 1658 (? if Halifax man). 

M. Sntcliffe's Examination of Kellison's Sur- 
vey of the Newe Religion. 1606. 

J. F. Myers' Map of Halifax Parish, 1834-5. 

Potts' Discovery of the Witches, edited by J. 
Crosslej, Chetham Society, large paper, 
only two printed. 1845. 

P. Bronte's Rural Minstrel, Halifax. 1813. 



158 



HAUFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Wye Saltonstall's Picturse Loquentes, or pic- 
tures drawn forth in characters; witu a 
Poerae of a Maid, 1635. (Who was this 
author ?) 

J Watson's Sermon in the Parish Church of 
'Halifax, July 28, 1751. Also his Apology, 
1754; and Letter to the Clergy of the Church 
of Ilnitas Fratrum or Moravians, 1756. 

Proceedings and Correspondence of the Hali- 
fax Troop of West York Volunteer Cavalry; 
Halifax, 1805. 

Leyland's Watson's Halifax. 4 parts, large 
paper. 

Singular Life and Surprizing Adventures of 
Joseph Thompson, Halifax. Halifax, 1810. 

D. Hartley's Address to the Mayor, Corpora- 
tion, &c., of Hull, 1784. 

Brearcliffe's Halifax Charities, a manuscript, 
the earliest and most important relating to 
the Charities of Halifax, 1651, by John Brear- 
cliffe, Apothecary. 

Henry Crossley's Crichton, a Tragedy, manu- 
script of a play written by James Crossley's 
brother. 

James Crossley's Portrait, Chetham Society 
Library; List of Subscribers, printed on 
vellum, and bound in morocco. 

Eev. John Heywood (Oliver's son), Common- 
place Book, 2 vols.. 8vo., manuscript. 

Manuscripts by De Foe, Edward Fairfax, 
Josepn Hunter, John Watson, &c., &c. 

Proceedings of the Master and Governors of 
the Workhouse of Halifax, 80 pages, manu- 
script folio, 1635-1704, bound in vellum, 
Joseph Hunter's Collection. 

"Charles Percival Kadcliffe" (Henry Cross- 
ley, Julian or the Eevenge of the Annesleys, 
three vols. in manuscript. 

-Kev. John Watson, Halifax, Theological 
Commonplace Book, 2 vols.. folio, manu- 
script. 

Hy Baines' Flora of Yorkshire, 2 vols., Hali- 
fax, 1840, xxiv., 169; York 1854, 198 pp. 

Sir Thomas Browne's Tracts, edited by J. 
Crossley; a new edition 12mo., pp. vi., ix., 
188. Edinburgh, 1822; 75 copies for private 
distribution. 

Homer's Views in Halifax, 1835; 20 views, 1 
leaf of List of Subscribers, oblong folic. 

George Saville. Marquis of Halifax, LMte r e 
to a Dissenter on the Declaration of In- 
dulgence, 4to., 17 pages, 1687. 

Lieut. Col. Sutcliffe's Crusoniana, or Truth 
versus Fiction, elucidated in a History of 
Juan Fernandez, by the Eetired Governor 
of that Colony. Vol. I. with illustrations, 
octavo, pp. vi., 208. Manchester, 1839, 32 
pages. A Statement of Facts (re Samuel 
Crompton and John Kay.) Manchester, no 
date, 16 pages. Elxposition of Facts relating 
to the Rise and Progress of the Woollen, 
Linen, and Cotton Manufactures of Great 
Britain, with pedigrees of Kaye of Wood- 
some, &c. Manchester 1843, 44 pages. 

Nabb's Calista, 1759. I secured this for 7s. 6d. 



Thomas Percival, of Royton: Letter to a 
Friend, occasioned by the late Disputes be- 
twixt the Check Makers of Manchester and 
their weavers, and the Check Makers ill- 
usage of the Author. Halifax, (1758.) 56 
pages. 

E. Holdsworth, auotore, 1709; Muscipula, 
give Cambro Myo Machia; Carmen Heroico 
Facefcum. This is an expurgated edition by 
David Hartley. 



XC. MODERN ANTIQUARIAN WRITERS. 

The REV. THOMAS COX, M.A., of Hip- 
perholme, formerly head master of Heath 
Grammar School, and Lecturer of the Parish 
Church, Halifax, issued a half-page circular 
as under: 

"I purpose publishing by subscription a 
work called CLERICAL HALIFAX, giving (as far 
as practicable) an account of all the Vicars 
and Lecturers of Halifax, and of the Incumb- 
ents of the twelve old Chapelries since 1558. 
There will also be lists of the Masters of the 
three Grammar Schools of the old Parish; 
and mention will be made of a large number 
of local families, which supplied Clergy dur- 
ing the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, 
when churches and schools eeem to have de- 
pended almost entirely on local talent. 

The work has taken many years in compil- 
ing. I offer it to subscribers at Six Shillings 
a copy, but I must obtain some 200 to enable 
me to do so. By a tentative circular issued 
to a limited number of friends and neighbours 
I have obtained more than GO subscribers, 
among whom are the Archbishop of Canter- 
bxtry, the Bishops of Carlisle, Durham, and 
Ripon, Canon Westcott, and the Vicars of 
Halifax, Leeds, and Almondbury. 

My History of Heath Grammar School, of 
which I was Master for many years, has gaiu- 
ed great commendation both from Antiquarians 
and Reviewers. 

I shall be glad to receive subscribers' names 
to 'Clerical Halifax' at an early date. 

THOMAS COX, M.A.. 
Lecturer of the Parish Church, Halifax. 
Hipperholme, nr. Halifax, 
July, 1885. " 

This laudable endeavour did not fructify, 
and judging by the manuscript remains at 
Mr. Cox's death the announcement was pre- 
mature. I think Mr. Lister, 'Shibdeoi, got 
the little collection that there was. 

Mr. Cox had issued "Two Lectures on the 
State of Education in Elngland in the Six- 
teenth Century," 1869, 53 pages. The remain- 
ders unsold were bound up with copies of his 
History of Halifax Grammar School, with a 
leaf of postcript paged 55, 56. These lectures 
were delivered at Preston. The original title 
seems to have been "Endowed Schools, their 
connection with the Universities and the 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



159 



Church," a copy of which is in Halifax Free 
Library. The Grammar School history was 
issued to subscribers at 6s. 6d. (or with the 
Lrrtures 7s. 6d.) and inferior editions at 4s. 
and 5s. In one of the many letters received 
from him he joins with me in the hope that 
Mr. E. J. Walker will print the Local Port- 
folio of the "Halifax Guardian," in book 
form. Now that we have a local society, I 
think this may be done with revisions. "A 
Popular History of the Grammar School of 
Queen Elizabeth at Heath, near Halifax, by 
Thomas Cox, M.A., Master of the School. 
(Quotations from Lily's Euphues, and from 
Virgil.) Halifax, F. King, 1879, octavo, pages 
xiv., 149. The plates of illustrations need to 
be recorded: 1 Heath School, with small 
turret; 2 Old Heath School north view; 3 
Photo, of Stancliffe tablet; 4 Photo, copy of 
Dr. S. Ogden's portrait at St. John's, Cam- 
bridge; 5 Photo, copy of engraving of Rev. 
Richard Hudson, M.A., set. 86; 6 Photo, of 
Rev. John Henry Gooch, M.A.; 7 Photo, of 
Rev. Thomas Cox, M.A.; 8 Plate of facsimile 
autographs; 9 Plate of Old Heath School, 
South View; 10 Interior of the School; 11 
Photo, of Mr. Cox and staff at the main-door. 
Page 149 is dated 1880. The cover of the book 
bears the copy of the School Seal. The fol- 
lowing letter may be worthy of preservation: 
" Sir, As there is now some stir about 
writing a history of Yorkshire, allow me to 
call attention to the fact that there are 
errors in some printed books which seem to 
have authority. I have pointed out several 
in the 'Notes and Queries' at different times. 
I have just goue through Mr. Taylor's 'York- 
shire Anecdotes,' lent me by a friend, and 1 
mention one or two that I have met with in 
that book: (1) David Hartley, M.D. (p.198), 
was not born at Armley in 1705, as his father 
did not go to Armley till about 1717. His 
father was curate of Illingworth, in Halifax 
parish, in 1705. and had been located in differ- 
ent parts of the same parish for more than 
ten years preceding; nor was his son born on 
August 30th, if the Halifax register is correct, 
which puts down his baptism on June 21. 1 
may add that David's mother died shortly 
after he was born, and that his father married 
again in 1707. In 'Leeds Worthies' I tnink 
he is stated to have gone to the university 
from a private school, but I have seen a 
letter from Mr. Hill, the then master of the 
Bradford School, in which he is familiarly 
spoken of as one of his scholars. He kept up 
a correspondence with an old schoolfellow of 
his in the neighbourhood of Halifax for many 
years, and I have seen a large number of 
letters of his, in which he states in particu- 
lar many of the views advocated in his great 
works. He is to be reckoned among the 'Hali- 
fax Worthies' and not those of Leeds. (2) 
David Hartley, M.P., ought not to be called 



eon of David Hartley, M.D., of Armley. 1 
doubt if the M.P. ever resided at Armley at 
all; certainly he did not do so after he had 
graduated, as his father was then dead. (3) 
Dr. Ogden (p. 281) was not Fellow of King's 
College. He was there in the humble capacity 
of subsizar; he went to St. John's in 1736. 
and became a Fellow of that college in 1739. 
There is a great deal about him in my 'His- 
tory of Heath School,' in which I have had 
occasion to correct some other statements of 
his biographers, and have also given many 
anecdotes about him. 

I have found also errors connected with H. 
Briggs, of logarithmic celebrity, and of Abp. 
Tillotson's baptism, &c., which I have correct- 
ed in 'Notes and Queries.' I have also been 
able to set straight several Inaccuracies in 
Holroyd's account of the vicars of Bradford. 
I have been engaged for a long time in get- 
ting materials for an account of all the bene- 
ficed clergy in the parish of Halifax since 
the accession of Queen Elizabeth in 1558; but 
I have many difficulties to clear up before I 
can write for the public, and I do not know 
how to do so unless I can get help. 

But were it not for the interest which I 
feel in the subject I should give it up alto- 
gether, for I lost about .10 in publishing 
the 'History of Heath School.' 

If this is the reward which writers of local 
history, who wish to be accurate, me*t with, 
when is anything really valuable to be ac- 
complished ? Yours truly, THOMAS CUA, 
Halifax, 15th June, 1883. 
MR. C. CROSSLAJS T D'S name appears in 
the notice of the Halifax Antiquarian Society. 
In giving his writings here we anticipate the 
record of the Halifax Scientific Society. He 
has written numerous articles in "The 
Naturalist" dealing with the Fungus Flora 
of Yorkshire, between 1891 and 1905. 

Numerous articles in the ''Halifax Natur- 
alist" dealing with the Place Names, and 
the Natural History of the Parish of Halifax, 
1896-1904. 

"The Vowel Sounds and Substitutions of 
the Halifax Dialect" : Transactions of the 
Yorkshire Dialect Society. Part II., Novem- 
ber, 1899. 

"Some Place Names in the Parish of Hali- 
fax, Considered in relation to Surrounding 
Natural Features": Transactions of the York- 
shire Dialect Society. Part IV., June, 1902. 

The Cryptogamic portion of the "Flora of 
the Parish" of Halifax : (Crump and Cross- 
land); published by the Halifax Scientific 
Society, 1904. This portion contains the 
Mosses. Hepatics, Lichens, Alga?, and Fungi, 
pp. 146304. 

"A Reprint of the Fungus Flora of the 
Parish or Halifax," with the addition of two 
hand-coloured plates, and preface; issued by 
the Author, 1904. 



160 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



"The Fungus Flora of Yorkshire," in col- 
laboration with G. Massee, F.L.S., F.R.H.S., 
etc., Royal Herbarium, Kew. Published by 
the Yorkshire Naturalist Union, 1905; 3% pp. 

ROBERT HOWARD, surgeon, and SAMUEL 
GIBSON. "A History of the Typhus of xtep- 
tonstalfll-Slack, which prevailed as an Epi- 
demic during the winter of 1843-4; accom- 
panied by Remarks on the Sanatory State of 
that Village; together with a Sketch of the 
Physical Condition of the Hand-loom Weavers, 
by Robert Howard, surgeon, &c., Two Letters 
are appended upon the Geology and Botany 
of Heptonstall Hill and its Vicinity by Mr. 
Samuel Gibson." Hebden Bridge, W. Gar- 
forth, printer, octavo, 83 pages. I have never 
seen more than a couple of copies of this 
valuable tract. It is dedicated to the Revs. 
John Wright and John Gibbons, Wesleyan 
Ministers. Mr. Howard dates the preface 
from Hebden Bridge, March, 1844. The con- 
tents bear on the water supply, causes and 
symptoms of typhus, disinfectants and cure; 
on furniture, diet, labour, extreme toil, vital 
statistics, medical aids, destitution, &c. The 
second of Mr. Gibson's Letters gives remin- 
iscences of botanical rambles between 1813 and 
1644. Open sewers and damp houses were the 
cause of the outbreak, but the poverty of the 
poor augmented it. Food, utensils, furniture, 
were all deficient. A more distressful picture 
was never penned. 

Mr. Gibson's Letters occupy parres 70- -83. 
He mentions an address by Mr. J. T. Clay, of 
Rastrick, before the British Association, Man- 
chester, 1842, and eight volumes of a manu- 
script botany of the district by Mr. Win. 
Sutcliffe, of Field Head, Heptonstall, written 
about 1796. 

J. W. DAVIS, F.L.S., F.G.S., Chevin-edge, 
Halifax, ex-Mayor, was a prolific writer, but 
I cannot give suitable list at present. He ob- 
tained a good series of views of Halifax Old 
Houses, drawn by H. Sykes, of Huddersfield. 
He wrote for my "Ilkley Ancient and Modern" 
the geological chapter. He was author of 
several geological pamphlets, some of which 
are in Halifax Free Library. He edited the 
''Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological and 
Polytechnic Society, with five plates, 1878," 
and other works to be mentioned hereafter. 

The REV. JO'SHUA FAWCETT, of Low 
Moor, Canon of Ripon, besides numerous 
books and pamphlets, theological, poetical, 
historical, as well as serials, was author of 
"A Memorial, Historical and Architectural of 
the Church of St. Thomas a Becket, Hepton- 
stall, in the Parish of Halifax. By the "jttev. 
Joshua Fawcett, A.M. ; Incumbent of Wibsey, 
Bradford; author of "Churches of York," 
"Church Rides," &c., &c. The following 
memorial was the substance of a lecture de- 
livered at Heptonstall, December 27th, 1848. 
and is now published at the unanimous re- 



quest of those to whom it was addressed. 
(Any profits arising from the sale of this 
lecture will be given to the poor of Hepton- 
stall.) Bradford, H. O. Mawson, 1849, 51 
pages, 12mo. 

He was one of the first to popularize local 
history. 

WILLIAM GR^MB was a gentleman of 
fortune, who lived at Heath in Skircoat, and 
wrote "A Short Speech addressed to the 
antient and honourable Society of Free and 
Accepted Masons in a Lodge, held at the Rose 
and Crown in Halifax, upon Friday, June 
24th, 1763. Halifax, printed by brother P. 
Darby, 1763, and in the year of masonry 5763. 

[REV. B. DALE:] 

"History of the Halifax Permanent Benefit 
Building Society, being a Jubilee Memorial of 
this Society. London, 1903, small octavo, 200 
pages, illustrated. There is no list of illustra- 
tions, of which there are seventeen portraits, 
including the Rev. Bryan Dale, who compiled 
the book, I believe. 

THE VEN. EflDWARD BARBER, M.A.. 
F.S.A., Archdeacon of Chester, is author of a 
pamphlet, pages 5 24, on the ''Churchwardens' 
Accounts of the Parish of S. Bridget, Chester, 
18111847. Extracted from the Chester Arch- 
aeological Journal, 1908, demy octavo. He is 
author of "The Widows' Mites," funeral ser- 
mons on the Rev. Canon Greenall and Mr. 
John Tinsley; and of papers on ''Culture or 
Utility," for the Association of University 
Teaching, Lancashire and Cheshire; "Chester 
Cathedral" and "The Church of S. Mary on 
the Hill" in the local Archasological Society's 
Journal; and articles in The Treasury on the 
Rev. W. Bright, D.D., Bishop Samuel Wilber- 
force, and Bishop John Pearson; and sundry 
articles in The Guardian on antiquarian sub- 
jects. I presume he will have printed Visita- 
tion Addresses. 

J. U. WALKER : 

THE BEAUTIES OF ILKLEY AND ITS 
NEIGHBOURHOOD, being a Visitor's Guide 
to the Curiosities and Antiquities of the cele- 
brated WateringPlaco. Halifax, Hartley and 
Walker, Cheapside. 1835, 36 pages, 12mo. Mr. 
Walker, author of "Methodism in Halifax." 
was, the author of this the scarcest of all 
Ilkley Guides. The only copy I have seen 
cost 18d. It is now an Ilkley curiosity itself. 

SAV1LE CORRESPONDEiNCE. Letters to 
and from Henry Savile, Esq., envoy at Paris, 
and vice-chamberlain to Charles II. and 
James II., including letters from his brother 
George, Marquess of Halifax. Printed from 
a manuscript belonging to the Duke of Devon- 
shire, and from .originals in the State Paper 
Otnce. Edited by Win. Dtirrant Cooper, 
F.S.A., for the Camden Society, 1858. Small 
quarto, pages iv., i -xxiv., pedigree sheet, 1 
316. The pedigree ranges from Henry Savile, 
died 1568, his son being the first baronet, Sir 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



161 



George. 1611, great grandfather of the first 
Lord Halifax, whose eons Henry, Lord Eland 
and William, Lord Halifax, died without male 
surviving issue. The family history treats of 
Thornhill, near Dewsbury, rather than of 
Halifax parish. The first Lord Halifax kc-pl 
a diary which extended to several volumes, 
but these are lost. The Earl of Halifax via* 
author of "The Character of a Trimmer." The 
241 letters bear on general rather than locai 
history. 

JONATHAN CALDWELL: 

History of Brighouse and its Co-operative 
Society. Brighouse "News" Office, 1899, 280 
pages, small octavo, illustrations. The History 
of the Society, with portraits and illustrations, 
occupy pages 87 280. 



XCL MOD-BEN ANTIQUARIAN WRITERS. 

JOHN E. CRAVEN, solicitor, is the author 
of "An Historical Sketch of Fresonasonry at 
Bottoms, Eastwood, near Todmorden, York- 
shire. Manchester printed, 1886; octavo, 95 
pages, 7s. 6d. 

Considering that there is only one illustra- 
tion, Bro. John Greenwood's portrait, 
we regard the price as unusually 
high. The preface is dated from 

Mulcture Hall, Eastwood, from which 
we learn that the profits of the sale go to 
Masonic pharities. Eastwood is the name of 
an indefinite district. The Lodge story com- 
mences with 1796. The lodge on September 
5th, 1821 attended the funeral of Bro. Wil- 
liam Uttley, of Millwood, at Heptonstall. He 
had formerly kept a boarding school at Brig- 
house, but in 1817 he commenced a law-suit 
which ruined his fortune. 

We wonder if this was associated with the 
Bedford Charity School at Brighouse. In 
1818 he began the printing business at Mill- 
wood but failed, after which he became an 
itinerant schoolmaster, a system kept up in 
the United States of America a generation ago. 
Uttley aided in issuing a Freemason's Melody 
Book at Bury in 1818, and composed the songs, 
25 and 58. On May 31st, 1633, the lodge at- 
tended the laying of a corner stone at Cross- 
stone Church. 

HEBDEN. In Bradford Free Library there 
ip a pamphlet attributed to J. Firth, entitled 
"The Valley of the Hebden and Visitors' 
Companion to Hardcastle Crags"; no date. 
I have before me "Guide to Hardcastle Crags, 
Hebden Bridge and Heptonstall," with His- 
torical Notes. Silvis horrentia saxa fragosiis. 
Price 2d. Hebden Bridge, Moss Printeriee 
Op., 1894 ; 12mo., 35 page* besides a frontis- 
piece view of Hebden Bridge from Palace 
House, and several pages of advertisements. 
There are six smaller woodcuts. It is written 



by a man of ability, and on the whole is very 
commendable. There is a botanical guide ap- 
pended, four closely printed pages. 

F. W. CRONHELM, whose name appears 
amongst the local poets, printed a dainty 
booklet, a copy f which I have recently re- 
ceived from Mr. Ling Roth, entitled "The 
Rivers and Streams of Halifax, by F. Vf. 
Cronhelm. 

Know ye the dell where neath the Druid stones 
The frightened Hebble hurries past and 

moans : 

The forest glen where Hebden's rapids gleam; 
The crags and shaws that crest the Tnrvin 
straam." 

[Small river map of the parish.] 

Halifax, Whitley and Booth, 1859. This 
engraved title is followed by 27 pages of letter- 
press. I think a second edition was issued. 

In addition to these notices we must add 
three other items: "Double Entry by Single, 
a New Method of Book-keeping applicable to 
all kinds of business, and exemplified m five 
sets of Books." Dedicated to Hy. Lees Ed- 
wards, Esq. London, 1818. 

"Thoughts on the Controversy as to a 
Plurality of Worlds." London, 1858. 

"Inquiry into the Origin of the Belief in 
Predestination." London, 1860. 

GEORGE HEPWORTH.. architect, Brig- 
house, enriched the topography of the district 
by the following book, published at 25s. in 
oblong octavo. "Brighouse : Its Scenery and 
Antiquities, by George Hepworth, Architect.'* 
Halifax, E. Mortimer, 1885. Opposite each 
platinotype view there is a leaf having one 
page of description. As a photographic artist 
and lanternist Mr. Hepworth has deservedly 
attained wide popularity. The second leaf 
contains the dedication to Mr. Lister of Shi fa- 
den, who with myself and others aided in 
supplying the letterpress. The introduction, 
leaf 3, is dated October, 1885, Index, leaf 4, 
gives the list of thirty views-. Brighouse 8, 
Kirklees 4. Cromwell bottom 1, Coley 2, Ligbt- 
cliffe 7, Shelf 3, Shibden 1 Hartshead 2. llzs 
trick Church, and New Hall, Elland. Th 
Subscribers' list appears on the fifth leaf 
The thirty leaves of letterpress are numbered. 
One of my copies gives the south 
view of Coiey Church, another 

the north. Some copies have an extra view, 
namely, Brighouse Low Mill 1 , back as well 
as front ; so states a subsequent circular which 
gives lithographed view of the old mill and 
the "Oalder" Bridge. Mr. Hepworth has 
also issued some newspaper reprints at 3d. 
each from the "Brighouse News," under the 
title that I used in that paper many years 
ago, "Fragments of Lieal History," (1) Brig 
house Lower Mills, (2) Hipperholme-cum-Brig- 
house Overseers' Accounts 1769, \3) Satellite 
Wood. 1S91. 8 pages. (4) South-holme, 1X91, 12 



162 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



pages. Rambles in Yorkshire: I., Homes of 
the Fairfaxes, 1887; II., Bank Holiday in 
Wensleydale, 1893, 12 pages; III., Valley of the 
Don. These were reprints from the "Brig- 
house News." "List of Yorkshire Photographs 
taken by the author." 

ALFRED INGHAM, a native of Halifax, so 
he told me in 1880, wrote "The History of 
Altrincham and Bowdon, and the Barony of 
Dunham," illustrated quarto. Altrincham, 
1879, pages xi., 1195, with three leaves added. 
Plates Bowdon Church, Bowdon Church Re- 
stored, Facsimile of Altrincham Charter, 
1290, Dunham Hall 1697, Booth pedigree chart, 
Scolds' bridles, Dunham Church, Altrincham 
Market Place, Brooks' Bank. 

CHARLEY JESSOP, Brighouse, wrote 
"Brighouse in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth 
Centuries," 23 pages, small octavo, reprinted 
from the ''Brighouse Echo." January. 1892. 
Councillor Jessop inherits the antiquarian 
tastes of his kinsman Mr. Thomas Jessop, who 
was, like himself, trustworthy clerk for Messrs. 
Barber, solicitors. He also issued a "History 
of the Brighouse Mechanics' Institution, by 
the President, C. Jessop." Brighouse, John 
Hartley, "Echo" Office, 1894; 25 pages. 

JOHN LONGBOTTOM was the author of a 
pamphlet, price Id., of ''Ancient Halls of 
Halifax Parish, with drawings by Harry Long- 
bottom." Reprinted from the "Halifax Free 
Press," 1891. The object was worthy of more 
details and better paper. The sketches are.- 
Howroyde, Sowerby Wood Lane, Warley reel 
House, Kershaw House (Luddenden), high 
Sunderland, Haugh End, Brearley Hall, Shib- 
den Hall, Holdsworth, Heath, Barkisland. 

FRANCIS A. LEYLAND'S name will be 
found under Watson's "Halifax," new 
edition. He wrote "The Bronte Family 
with special reference to Patrick Branwell 
Bronte," by Francis A. Leyland: In two 
volumes: Vol. I. London 1886, pages xvi., 
1 312; Vol. II. pages ix., 302, crown octavo. 
Branwell's poems, and his connection with 
Calderdale are the specialities of this work, 
which notwithstanding its adverse critics, 
with whom I partially join, will again rise in 
interest. It only fetched 4s. at bookstalls a 
few years ago. Another book bearing largely 
on Branwell Bronte should be mentioned in 
this series, namely Grundy's Pictures of the 
Past, because Francis H. Grundy narrates 
his experiences in Calder Valley as a railway 
engineer, and was intimately acquainted with 
young Bronte at Luddendenfoot. 

JOHN LEYLAND, son of Franci* A. Ley- 
land, must be recorded amongst our topo- 
graphical writers, having not only issued an 
interesting series of Halifax views (to be men- 
tioned shortly) but also two popular works at 
least, one on the Yorkshire Coast Seenery, 
and the other on Derbyshire Scenery. 



JOHN MITTON was the eon of Thomas Mit- 
ton of Geslingroid, Barkisland, where he was 
born, but I have not the exact year. He died 
in London about the close of 1736. Scientists 
have been so few in Halifax parish that it 
is a pitv we know so little of Mr. Mitton. In 
Mr. Thoresby's Museum at Leeds was a manu- 
script diary by Mr. John Mitton, of Barkis- 
land, giving an account of the rising and 
falling of the barometer, the point of the 
compass the wind was upon, some account of 
the temperature of the air, as rain, snow, 
frost, mist, &e. , from October. 1710, until 
December, 1713. 

ROBERT NALSON was an antiquarian col- 
lector of whom one desires to learn more. He 
compiled a folio volume in manuscript, bear- 
ing the title. "Miscellanea sive Observa- 
tiones Collectaniae," 1665. Mr. Watson pos- 
sessed this book and states that it comprised 
a vast variety of subjects, chiefly transcripts, 
interspersed with a few original papers and 
others so scarce that they are nearly as valu- 
able as if they were known originals. Mr. 
Wright mentions this (or another of his manu- 
scripts) which had fallen into ill-hands, and 
had several pages relating to Gibbet execu- 
tions torn out before the book was returned. 
Mr. Watson says this does not appear true 
from the book, which leads me to think there 
were two books or two copies. Mr. Wilson, 
the noted Leeds antiquary, whose letter on 
the Gibbet appears in Wright's "Halifax," 
wrote two folio volumes, manuscript on>y, on 
English Historians, and includes Mr. 
Nalson "whose manuscripts were left 
to Halifax Church Library," but 
nothing of the sort were there 
in Mr. Watson's time and he thought Mr. 
Wilson had made a mistake. Mr. Nalson had 
heen confirmed by Archbishop Frewen in 1664. 
at Bishopthorpe, when about 39 years of age. 



XCII. MODERN ANTIQUARIAN 
WRITERS. 

W. RANGER, ESQ., Superintending In- 
spector, made his ''Report to the General 
Board of Health of the Town of Halifax," 
1851, 161 pages octavo. 

J. V. ROBERTS. Mus. Doc., Oxon, Organist 
and Choirmaster, Halifax, published an octavo 
pamphlet, 16 pages, Halifax, 1878, entitled, 
"History of the Halifax Parish Church Organ." 
A series of articles on the Organs of the dis- 
trict appeared in the "Halifax Guardian," 
Local Portfolio columns, many years ago. 

WILLIAM HENRY SECKBR, Head Master 
of the Parish Church School. Halifax, issued 
a reprint from the "Halifax Guardian" of 
"A Brief Account of Illingworth Church, and 
the Particulars connected with its Restoration 
and Re-opening, September 25, 1872." 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



163 



JOSEPH HORSFALL TURNER has written 
"The Annals of LightclifFe and Coley 
Churches" reprinted from the ''Brignouse 
News," "Moravians in Lightcliffe," "The 
Society of Friends," ''Fragments of Local 
History," all from the "Brighouse News'' be- 
tween 1867-71. 

"Brighouse Local Magazine," two numbers 
only, July and August, 1871, 32 pages, 12mo. 
Halifax, F. King. 1871'. 

''Our Principles and Mission, an Address 
bearing on the Good Templar Movement, by 
Bro. Horsfall Turner." Price One Penny. 12 
pages, small octavo, Sunderland, Campbell and 
Co., 1872. 

"Nonconformity in Idle, with the History of 
Airedale College, by J. Horsfall Turner. Three 
engravings and six photographs." Brighouse, 
J. S. Jowett, 1876, crown octavo, pages 1152. 

"Independency at Brighouse; or Bridge End 
Chapel Pastors and People. Four Illustra- 
tions/' Brighouse, J. S. Jowett, 1878, 136 
pages, crown octavo. 

''Haworth Past and Present: A History of 
Haworth, Stanbury and Oxenhope. Twenty 
illustrations." Brighouse, J. S. Jowett, 1879, 
184 pages, crown octavo. 

"The Nonconformist Register of Baptisms, 
Marriages, and Deaths, compiled by the Revs. 
Oliver Heywood and T. Dickenson, 1644-1702, 
1702-1752. generally known as the Northowram 
or Coley Register, but comprehending numer- 
ous notices of Puritans and Anti-Puritans in 
Yorkshire, Lancashire, Cheshire, London, &c.; 
with Lists of Popish Recusants, Quakers, &c. 
Edited by J. Horsfall Turner. Five illustra- 
tions. Brighouse, J. S. Jowett, 1881, 368 pages, 
crown octavo. 

"The Rev. Oliver Heywood. B.A., 1630-1702; 
His Autobiography, Diaries, Anecdote and 
Event Books, illustrating the General and 
Family History of Yorkshire and Lancashire. 
In three volumes, with illustrations. Edited 
by J. Horsfall Turner." Vol. I. Printed for 
the Editor by A. B. Bayes, Brighouse, Ib82, 
pages iii., 1 375. 

Vol. II., Brighouse. A. B. Bayes, 1881, pages 
iii., 1372. 

Vol. III., "In Four (previously stated three) 
Volumes. Bingley, T. Harrison, 1883. 374 
pages, crown octavo. After printing was 
commenced with the 1881 volume, other matter 
came to hand sufficient to make four volumes, 
and some of this being of earlier date appear- 
ed in 1882 as the first volume though printed 
after the second. 

Vol. IV., Bingley, T. Harrison, 1885, 357 
pages. 

"Autobiography erf Captain John Hodgson, 
of Coley Hall, near Halifex; His conduct in 
the Civil Wars, and his troubles after thp 
Restoration. First edited in 1806 bv Josf-pb 
Ritson, Esq., or Sir Walter Scott. With ad- 
ditional notes by J. Horsfall Turner. Brig- 



house, A. B. Bayes, 1882, 82 pages, crown 
octavo. 

In No. 18 of these articles there i& a descrip- 
tion of Hodgson's Memoirs, 1806. Since that 
article appeared my son (in Scotland,) has 
set the editorship clearly as under : 

''I have been rather puzzled by your titJe 
page to 'Captain Hodgson.' 'First edited in 
1806 by Joseph Ritson, Esq., or Sir Walter 
Scott,' you say: and on the first page of 
your introduction; 'When (as is said,) Sir 
Walter Scott was the means' ... etc. Now 
Joseph Ritson died ift 1803. Scott had known 
him well, and I find him writing October 14th 
to George Ellis asking him to enquire about 
any M'SS. left by Ritson. Then in Lockhart's 
'Life of Scott' : "About the same time he 
(Scott) issued, though without his name, a 
miscellaneous volume entitled 'Original Mem- 
oirs written during the Graat Civil Wars; 
being the Life of Sir Henry Slingsby, and 
Memoirs of Captain Hodgson, with Notes, &c." 
Scott's preface consists of a brief but elegant 
and interesting biography of the gallant 
cavalier Slingsby; his notes are few and un- 
important. This volume (by which he gained 
nothing as editor) was put forth in October 
by Messrs. Constable." This quotation is 
under the date 1806. I don't know whether it 
clears up any doubt in your own mind, but 
the quotations from your book above 
seem to suggest that you were at 
that time in doubt about the editor- 
ship, and that you didn't know the 
date of Ritson's death. At the time (1S06) Scott 
was plain Mr. Walter S. ; his title came 
later." [Stanley Horsfall Turner, M.A., Ac., 
Lecturer in Economics, Aberdeen; Assist, xro- 
fessor at Glasgow.] 

'' Biographia Halifaxiensis; or Halifax 
Families and Worthies. A Biographic- 
al and Genealogical History of Halifax 
Parish. Compiled by J. Horsfall Turner. 
Vol. I. Printed for the Compiler. Bingley, T. 
Harrison. 1883, crown octavo, pages xv., 1374. 
This Vol. I. is exclusively Mr. Watson's work % 
and printed separately in justice to his re- 
searches. Vol. II., consisting of original 
matter collected by myself was announced, 
but has not yet appeared. 

"The Antiquities of Halifax, by the Rev. 
Thorns Wright, of Halifax, 1738. Reprinted for 
J. Horsfall Turner, I del, Bradford." Bingley, 
Harrison, 1884, 100 pages, crown octavo. The 
editor justifies the reprinting of this and other 
rare local books because of the great diffi- 
culties he experienced in obtaining sight of 
the original editions, and of the great expense 
(insurmountable to poor lads with tastes 
similar to his own,) in purchasing a copy of 
any one of the originals. Yet even these cheap 
editions are not placed readily upon th 
shelves of the public libraries, where fiction 
is represented by the ton. 



164 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



"Ilkley: Ancient and Modern, by the Rev. 
Robert Collyer, D.D., New York, U.S.A., and 
J. Horefall Turner. With Chapters on its 
Geology, uy J. W. Dfeivis, F.G.S., F.S.A., 
F.L.S., (Halifax); Botany by F. Arnold i^es, 
F.L.S.; Fauna by W. Eagle Clarke, W. Deni- 
son Roebuck, and J. W. Taylor; Prehistoric 
Remains by J. Horsfall Turner, &c. Eighty 
illustrations." Otley, W. Walker, 1885, demy 
octavo; also large paper copies quarto, pages 
283, and xcvi. 

"Triplex Memoriale, or the Substance of 

Three Commemoration . Sermons preached 

at Halifax in remembrance of Mr. Nathaneel 
Waterhouse deceased... by William Ainsworth, 
Theologus, Lecturer at St. Peter's, Chester. 
York, 1650. Reprinted for J. Horsfall Turn- 
er," 1686. crown octavo, pages vi., 66. This 
book and the original copy have been previous- 
ly described; see Ainsworth, Curate of 
Lighteliffe. 

"Hallifax and its Gibbet Law placed in a 
true Light. Together with a description of 
the Town, the Nature of the Soil, &c.. &c. 
Reprinted for J. Horsfall Turner. 1886, crown 
octavo, pages viii., 96." "The remembrance of 
the many years' search for a copy of this 
book, the difficulty of getting a day's loan of 
it when found, and the high price of four 
guineas being asked for a copy on sale, prompt 
me to make it possible for the poorest boy to 
obtain the information contained in its pages. 
I resolved that as soon as I could afford, I 
would purchase these local books and reprint 
them that others might not worry for the 
sight of them as I had done." 

"The Registers of Topcliffe and Morley, 
Baptisms. 1654-1830, Burials 1654-1888, edited 
by William Smith, F.S.A.S., Morley. Printed 
for and at the expense of J. Horsfall Turner." 
1888. Bingley. Harrison; demy octavo, il- 
lustrated, pages xii., 232. Four copies were 
printed on specially strong paper, besides the 
large edition. 

''Idle or Idel in Olden Times: A Lecture 
delivered in the Old Chapel, (Rev. H. Harri- 
son, Vicar, in the chair,) by J. Horsfall 
Turner." Reprint, Saltaire. 1890, crown 
octavo, 51 pages. 

"Charlotte Bronte's Letters, or the Story of 
the Brontes as told by herself , edited by J. 
Horsfall Turner from the Original Letters," 
crown octavo, 380 pages, printed at Bingley by 
T. Harrison, 1890. Though a thousand copies 
were printed all were destroyed except an 
imperfect one lent by Miss Nussey to Clement 
K. Shorter, and a dozen the property of the 
editor. Five of these have been sold to the 
great libVaries, London and Oxford, at five 
pounds each. Mr. Shorter acknowledge* his 
indebtedness to this volume and afterwards 
when printing a portrait of the editor, made 



due reference in the "Sketch" to the Bronte 
labours of J. Horsfall Turner, Founder of the 
Bronte Society. 

"The Elland Tragedies, viz: The Murders 
of Sir Robert Beaumont of Crosland, Hugh de 
Quarmby of Quarmby, John d Lock wood of 
Lockwood, Sir John Eland at Brighoase, Sir 
John Elland, junior, and his son at Eltnd, &c., 
with exploits, as recorded in ancient manu- 
scripts in prose and verse, with notes, 
pedigrees and evidences recently brought to 
light. Edited by J. Horsfall Turner. Printed 
for the Editor by Harrison, Bingley, 1890: 
crown octavo 91 pages. (These events took 
place in 1330-1350.) 
''Yorkshire Notes and Queries." 
"Yorkshire Folk-Lore Journal." 
"Yorkshire Genealogist." 
''Yorkshire Bibliographer." 

These four magazines, edited by J. Horsfall 
Turner, and printed for him at Bingley, demy 
octavo, were issued in twenty-two parts, 1,700 
pages, 550 illustrations. They are intended to 
be bound up in complete volumes as under: 

"Yorkshire Notes and Queries." Sixty il- 
lustrations. Vol. I. Printed for the Editor, 
1888; pages iv., 256. 

"Yorkshire Folk-Lore Journal." Thirty il- 
lustrations. Vol. I., 1888; pages iv., 242. 

''Yorkshire Notes and Queries, with which is, 
incorporated Yorkshire Folk-Lore Journal. ' 
90 illustrations. Vol. II., 1890; pages iv. 
364. 

"Yorkshire Genealogist." Fifty illustrations. 
Vol. I., 1888; pages iv., 258. 

"Yorkshire Bibliographer." Forty-six il- 
lustrations. Vol. I., 1888; pages iv., 256. 

''Yorkshire Genealogist, with which is incor- 
porated the Yorkshire Bibliographer," 15fc 
illustrations. Vol. II., 1890; pages iv., 315. 

"Yorkshire County Magazine, with which are 
incorporated the Yorkshire Notes and 
Queries, Yorkshire Folk-Lore Journal, York- 
shire Genealogist, and Yorkshire Bibliograph- 
er," ISO illustrations. 

Vol. I.. 1891, pages vJii., 368 demy octavo. 

Vol. II.. 1892, 96 ilustrations, pagos viii., 248. 

Vol. III., 1893, 137 illustrations, 256 pages 

Vol. IV.. 1894, 103 illustrations, 256 pages; 
printed by J. E. Watmough, Idle. The pre- 
vious volumes were all printed at Bingley. 
Several articles were reprinted from these 

serials, e.g. : 

A Day at Skipton, 36 illustrations. 

A Day at Bingley, 14 illustrations. 

A Day at Haworth. 14 illustrations. 

A Day at Bolton Priory, 13 illustrations 

A Day at Ilkley. Pictorial Guide, 50 illustra- 
tions. 

The Constable Family'. 

Joseph Richardson, printer-author, 34 pages. 

Thorpe Salvin Parish Register 1592-1726 64 

pages. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



165 



These eight and others were from the pen 
of the editor. Lord Fredk. Cavendish, a 
Memoir, 12 pages, was written by Lady Fredk. 

"The History of Brighouse, Eastrick, and 
Hipperholme ; with Memorial notes on Coley, 
Lightcliffe, Northowram. Shelf, Fixby, Clifton 
and Kirklees. By J. Horsfall Turner, F.R.H.S., 
170 illustrations. Incorporation Memorial." 
Printed for the author by Harrison, Bingley, 
1893. demy octavo, 334 pages. There is also 
a large paper edition, quarto. 

"The Old History of Bradford, Iff76; with the 
Memoirs of General Fairfax, Battles of Leeds, 
Wakefield, Manchester, Preston, &c., the Sore 
Calamities and the Taking of Bradford, Ac., 
edited, with additions, by J. Horsfall Turner, 
I<lel, 1894. crown octavo, pages 96. 

"Ancient Bingley: or Bingley, its History 
and Scenery. By J. Horsfall Turner, J.P., 180 
illustrations. Bingley, 1897, demy octavo, 312 
pages. There is also a large paper edition, 
quarto size. 

"Bronteana. The Rev. Patrick Bronte, A.B. 
His Collected Works and Life." This volume 
gives The Works and the Brontes of Ireland; 
edited by J. Horsfall Turner; illustratione 
1898, orown octavo; Harrison, printer, Bing- 
ley; pages 306. There is also a large paper 
edition, crown quarto. Another volume of 
Bronteana is still due to appear. P. Bronte's 
Cottage Poems and Rural Minstrel, both 
printed at Halifax, are here reprinted, he 
being at the time minister at Hartshead. Also 
Mr. Bronte's funeral sermon on the Rev. W. 
Weightman, of Haworth, printed by J. U. 
Walker. Halifax, 1842, is reprinted. 

"Historical Notices of Shipley, Saltaire, Idle, 
Windhill, Wrose, Baildon, Hawksworth, 
Eccleahill, Calverley, Rawdon and Horsforth, 
by J. Horsfall Turner;" with illustrations. 
Reprinted from the "Shipley Express," Idle, 
1901, small quarto, double columns, pages iv., 
116. Half of a second volume is printed. 

"Yorkshire Anthology: Ballads and Songs, 
Ancient and Modern (with several hundred 
real Epitaphs), covering a period of a thousand 
years of Yorkshire History in verse; with 
notes Bibliographical, Biographical, Topogra- 
phical, Dialectic, Ac., and quaint and original 
illustrations, by J. Horsfall Turner." Bingley, 
Harrison, 1901, 436 pages, crown octavo. It ig 
proposed to complete the work in four volumes. 

''The Annals of Wakefield House of Correc- 
tion for three hundred years; with notices of 
Ancient Prisons and obsolete punishments, 
particularly the Manorial Gaols and Customs 
of Yorkshire, the County prisons of lork, 
Northallerton, Beverley, &c., township Kid- 
cotes, embracing a general survey of the social 
and moral history of Yorkshire from Elizabeth 
to Victoria; illustrated. By J. Horsfall Tur- 
ner, from notes largely supplied by Captain 
Armytage, J.P., D.L." Harrison, Bingley, 
l'W4, crown octavo, 270 pages. 



"Lightcliffe Romances: by J. Horsfall Tur- 
ner. Illustrated. 24 pages quarto, double 
columns, reprinted from the 'Brighouse Echo." 

"Upper Chapel Year Book, Idle:" ten years, 
#2 pages each. 

"Idle Upper Chapel Magazine;" edited one 
year. 

"Arms of Yorkshire Families," over 40x> il- 
lustrations: over 300 pages already printed, 
demy octavo, 1905. 

"Halifax Books and Authors," reprinted in 
double columns quarto, from the -'Brighouse 
News," 1904-5, now in progress. 

A small book on the "West Riding Bridges, 
by Fairless Barber, F.S.A., and J. Horsfall 
Turner," was announced but not printed owing 
to Mr. Barber's illness. His co-worker has 
onlv his own notes from the Sessions Rolls 
ready for the press. He announced a reprint 
of Krabtree's Almanack, 1685, noticed in the 
first chapter of this series, but has not pro- 
ceeded with it. The "Bradford Antiquary" 
has, besides bibliographical notes, &c., a tran- 
script, with plan, of the Survey of Idle in 
1580, transcribed by him. The Scheme of 
Operations of the Yorkshire Dialect Society 
bears the authorship of J. Horsfall Turner, 
and the Bronte Bibliography of the Bronte 
Society is largely his compilation, whilst the 
Bronte Chronology (another of the Society's 
pamphlets), although bearing the name of J. J. 
Stead, is an abbreviation of Mr. Turner's 
manuscript chronology, compiled at the re- 
quest of the Bronte Council. For another 
flagrant piracy, see Field, postea. The notices 
of Idle township and Coley district in Cud- 
worth's "Round about Bradford" were sup- 
plied by J. Horsfall Turner. 

A volume on "The Quakers in Yorkshire'' 
has been announced, but not yet issued, and 
two other volumes are completed in manu- 
script: (1) "Primitive Methodism in York- 
shire," and (2) "Upper Chapel Burial 
Register, Idle." The latter is now at the 
printers. 



XCIII. MODERN ANTIQUARIAN 

WRITERS. 

THE FIELDS OF SOWERBY NEAR 
HALIFAX, AND OF FLUSHING, NEW 
YORK", with some notices of the Families of 
, by Osgood Field, F.S.A., Ac. Lon- 
don printed for private circulation only, 1895; 
small folio, illustrated. Pages vii., 132. The 
frontispiece is a plate of OH Field House, 
(Sowerby); Halifax Church, Wakefield Manor 
(from Speed's Map, 1610), pedigree sheet 1460- 
1600, Field House, Sowerby, Wakefield Manor 
(from map 1894), pedigree sheet, 1600-1700, are 
insertions. The first half of this book concerns 
Halifax, the rest is American. By. Mr. Fair- 
less Barber's introduction I supplied Mr. 
Field with the whole of the first part, over 



166 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



sixty pages, and sent him all th notes in it 
from York Wills, Wakefield Manor Rolls, and 
the Halifax and local Church Registers. I 
have still all those notes with a maw of 
others in manuscript, and many letters from 
Mr. Osgood Field to prove the statement. Yet 
he (thoughtlessly, I presume,) forgets to flic* 
knowledge this substantial help, and having 
:>.eard that the book was out, I wrote to re- 
mind him that I had not got a copy. It came, 
and on perusing it, I made good the omission 
by calling the attention thereto of the "Hali- 
fax Guardian" and the London "Athenaeum." 
No reply has been vouchsafed. Were I to use 
my notes i might be considered a plagiarist. 
Fields, Saltonstalls, Mitchells, Dentons, Fair- 
banks, Northends, and other Halifax families, 
are mentioned with dates ranging from 1306. 
All these families sent off branches to America 
in Stuart times. The Hon. W. D. Northend 
sent me, a few years ago, a portly book on 
the NORTHENDS, of Yorkshire and America. 
A pedigree and history of the SALTON- 
STALLS has been printed by a member of the 
family in America. A few years back a Mr. 
Fairbank came acrpss to make further genea- 
logical researches, and he gave me a thick 
pamphlet, pages 55 and 16, octavo, referring 
to the FAIRBANKS, of Sowerby and Light- 
cliffe. There is no printer's name or date 
affixed. 

THE FAIRBANKS FAMILY: Fayerbanke, 
Fairebanckes, &c. ; of Sowerby, Barkisland, 
Lightcliffe, about 1600, giving the American 
descendants. The Appendix gives the wills of 
George Fairbanke, Sowerby, 1650, and Jona- 
than Fairbanks, America, 1668. The book 
was privately printed about 1882, somewhere in 
America. 

HISTORY OF THE FAMILY OF STANS- 
FFRLD in the Parish of Halifax, and its 
numerous branches. By John Stansfeld. 
Leeds; with many etchings and illustrations. 
Printed for private circulation; Leeds, Good* 
all and Suddick, 1885, quarto, pages viii., xii., 
1 459. Insertions Full length portrait of 
Robert Stansfeld, Arms and supporters colour- 
ed, the Author and his dog, Heptonstall Old 
Church, New Church, Old Church interior, 
and thirty other plates, with sixteen sheet 
pedigrees, ail of which are recorded on pages iii. 
and iv. The bulk of the material was sup- 
plied by Mr. B. J. Walker and his son Mr. 
Walter J. Walter. The Heptonstall and 
Halifax Registers have afforded much in- 
formation, thus giving the book interest to 
those families who have been allied to the 
ancient Stansfields of Halifax parish. The 
book is most elaborately got up, and of great 
local value. 

ERNEST RICHMOND HORgFALL TURN- 
ER, B.A., Councillor of Llanidloes, Mont- 
gomeryshire, born in Rastrick, January, 1870, 
is author of '^Wanderings in Cardiganshire, 
being a descriptive sketch of its Picturesque, 



Historic, Antiquarian, Romantic and Tradi- 
tional Features; with 160 illustrations. ' 
Bingley, Harrison & Sons, (1902), demy octavo, 
291 pages. Also large paper copies, quarto 
side. The illustrations are nearly all the 
work of the author. 

JOHN HY. PRIESTLEY is author of "The 
History of Kipponden and its Three Surround- 
ing Townships, Soyland, Barkisland, and 
Rishworth." Ripponden, Joseph Mellor, 
printer, 1903, small octavo, pages 114, with 
three inserted leaves of illustrations. 

EDWARD JOHNSON WALKER, editor of 
the "Halifax Guardian," in which he printed 
a Local Portfolio for several years, of his- 
torical matter. He compiled the Akroyd 
pedigree, and his son Walter James Walker 
edited the "Chapters on the Early Registers 
of Halifax Parish Church" from the Local 
Portfolio. These were added to 96 pages of 
the parish register which had been printed 
in monthly sections in the Halifax Parish 
Church Magazine, 1881. These 96 pages were 
also struck off in quarto size, hand made paper, 
so Mr. W. J. Walker's venture appears also 
8vo. and 4to., 1885; see H^fax Parish Re- 
gisters, previously described. 

OLDE ELAND, BEING REMINISCENCES 
OF ET.LAND, by Lucy Hamerton, together 
with Chapters on the Antiquities of MLa-nd 
by J. W. Clay, F.S.A., Preface by Ernest 
Winter, Rector. Illustrated. Elland, W. H. 
Gledhill, 1901, crown octavo, pages xv., 188; 
twenty-one sketches named. 

A DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNT OF BRIG- 
HOUSE AND RASTRICK and district, il- 
lustrated. (Written by Jonathan Caldwell, 
Brighouse.) Published by Pike, Brighton, 
about 1894, quarto, 16 pages, and covers. 
Illustrations, Aid. W. Smith (Mayor), Brig- 
houae Church, Kirkstall Abbey; the rest are 
with the letterpress, including Kirklees, CrOw 
Nest, Hebden, and four Halifax views. 

EARLY HALIFAX, by W. Clucas. Reprint- 
ed from the "Hull Quarterly," 1885, email 
quarto, 8 pages besides cover. 

FROM HELL, HUT^L AND HALIFAX, 
Good Lord deliver us; to which is added ex- 
amples to the Rules given in "The School- 
master," small octavo, Manchester printed, 12 
pages. 7th edition is the same as the 4th with 
new cover. 

J. RYLEY ROBINSON, of Dewsbury, palms 
off the old Halifax Gibbet story, in one of the 
Stokesley tractates, with the blunders repeat- 
ed and nothing new added. 

A HANDBOOK OF THE PEOPLE'S PARK, 
Halifax, containing amongst many other 
particulars, a description of the (Grounds, 
Fountains, Lakes, Plants, Vases and Statues. 
Halifax, James Lord, 1657, (Birtwhistle, 
printer,) 20 pages, 12mo. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AJtD AtfTHOftS. 



A DESCRIPTION OF ALL SOULS' 

CHURCH, and PafOchial Burial Ground, 
Hale? Hill, Halifax. Founded by Edwnrd 
Akroyd, Eteq., small quarto. 31 pages, 1860, 
Whitley and Booth, printers. Cover bears 
Mr. Akroyd's arms impaling those of his wife; 
with lithographed frontispiece of the Church. 
Amongst the HAILSTONE manuscripts, in 
the Bradford Free Library are papers OH 
Halifax Parish Church Windows, 1854, and 
oh Shelf lands. 

The REV. GEORGE EYRE EVANS, of 
Aberystwyth, who writes antiquarian articles 
to the Cardiganshire papers, and ie author of 
several antiquarian works, has transcribed 
Elland South End Chapel Registers, Baptisms 
174M816, Burials 1829-1835. but they are not 
printed. 

..My dear old friend the REV. CANON 
flTJLBERT, of Almondbury, printed a pamph- 
let on "The Origin of the Elland Society." I 
regret I did not secure one, though I have 
some of the annual reports. 

Amongst illustrations we shall have to call 
attention to J. MOORE'S book, "A Terrier 
or Field Book^of every close in the Township 
of Halifax, 8vo., 1797. A copy is in Bradford 
Free Library. 

J. H. ARNOTT and SAMTJEiL WASHING- 
TON". Lightcliffe published in 1827 a "Plan 
and view of Halifax," surveyed by them; Sold 
by N. Whitley, Halifax/ There is a copy in 
Halifax Free Library. In the same year, 1827. 
TTTOMAS DAY published a "Plan of the 
*own and Township of Halifax, and parts of 
the adjacent Townships of Northowranij South- 
owram, and Skireoat." J. F. MYERS, sur- 
veyor, published a Map of the Parieh of Hali- 
fax from an actual survey made in 1834-5. 
My copy is on rollers, but some are in cases. 
Besides the Ordnance Survey maps, six 
inches to a mile, published at Southampton, 
of which 312 sheets at 2s. 6d. each complete 
Yorkshire, and another series at one inch to 
the mile, the various towns were issued separ- 
ately at five feet to the mile, 2s. each sheet. 
Halifax occupies 13 sheets, Todmorden (with 
Lancashire sections) 5 sheets. 

In addition to Longbottom's crude drawings 
of Halifax Halls, and the late Mayor Davis's 
series drawn by Sykes; Homer's, Leyland's 
and Smith's series must be mentioned. 

JOHN HORNER published :- 
"Building in the Town and Parish of Hali- 
fax. Drawn from Nature, and on stone by 
John Horner." Halifax, published by 
Robert Leyland, but printed by C. Hullman- 
del, 1835; folio. List of plates in litho- 
graphy, without any letterpress. 
1. Title as above, with gateway at High 
Sunderland; a Roman Altar dedicated to 
Fortune, found at Slack; a British Cinerary 
Urn and a bronze Celt (disproportionately 
drawn.) 



2. Old Houses in Northgate, taken down 1024. 

3. Old Market in 1800. 

4. Old Buildings in the Woolshops, taken 
do*-n 1833. 

5. Old Buildings in Halifax. 

6. Old Houses in Lower Kirkgate, taken down 
in 1825. 

7. High Sunderland. 

8. Sunny Bank in Greetland. 

9. Hope House, the seat of Christr. Rawson, 
Esq. 

10. Stoney Royd, the seat of Mrs. Rewson. 

11. Shibden Hall. 

12. Scout Hall in Shibden-dale. 

13. Howroyde, the seat of Lady Mary Horton. 

14. Holdsworth House, near Ovenden. 

15. Wood House (Skircoat),; 

16. Coley Hall Gateway. 

17. Liiddenden Old Church. 

18. Haugh End, Sowerby, birthplace of Arch- 
bishop Tillotson. 

1&. Sowerby Bridge Church, built 1520, taken 

down 1820. 
20. Wood Lane Hall, Sowerby. 

A well executed and interestng collection of 
Views. His view of Halifax is sometimes 
found on the margins of Watson's Halifax, 
bound by Edwards. 

MR. JOHN LEYLAND Views of Ancient 
Buildings in the Parish of Halifax, 18Y3, 
quarto. Halifax, R. Leyland and Son. I hdve 
not the list of drawings at hand. 

MR. J. R. SMITH, Halifax, in 1894, 
published a dozen local views of 
old Halifax Streets. Each plate 

is dedicated to a local gentleman, and the set 
were issued for 50 shillings. The list is Old 
North Bridge; Waggoners' Inn, Northgate; 
Woolshops; Market Street; Old Market; 
Crown Street (two); Hall End; Silver Street 
(two); Shrine Market; Corn Market. 

WILLIAM WILLIAMS is noticed in Bryan's 
Dictionary of Painters, 1849, as artist of two 
etchings of HJalifax 'ttfwn. Redgrave's DW 
tionary of Artists states that Williams wa a 
subject and portrait painter who obtained a 
premium from the Societv of Arts in 1758, and 
practised in London later. He exhibited at 
the Royal Academy in 1770. In 1778 he sent 
"The Good Samaritan," and ''Trinculo and 
Caliban." In 1787 he contributed rustic 
scenes and "Banditti Sleeping." In 1788 he 
sent some portraits, and ''Venus attended by 
the Graces." Val. Green engraved some 
Shakespearian subjects by him, and Jukes en- 
graved his two works, "Marriage," and 
"Gallantry." Nodal'e Art in Lancashire, 
claims him a"s a Manchester man. His draw- 
ings of a male and a female ballad singer lire 
elsewhere mentioned. 



168 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



XCIV. ACTS OF PARLIAMENT. 



The following list is one of the several that 
should be given before data can be complete 
for a history of Halifax parish, as these Acts 
testify the origin of good roads, canals, en- 
closures of common lands, railways, family 
estate troubles, incorporations, private and 
public companies, commercial and social 
progress. The present list is arranged chrono- 
logically, and will be followed by another 
series, including Charities, &c. 
ROADS. Anno octavo Georgii II. Regis. An 
Act for repairing and widening the Road 

from the Town of Rochdale leading 

over a certain Craggy Mountain called 
BLackstone Edge and from thence to the 
Towne of Hallifax and Baland in the County 
of York. (1735.) 

WOOLLEN CLOTH. Anno undecimo Georgii 
II. Regis. (1738.) An Act for the better 
regulating the Manufacture of Narrow 
Woollen Cloths in the West Riding of the 
County of York. Anno decimo quarto 
Georgii II. Regis. (1741.) An Act for con- 
tinuing an Act passed in the Seventh Year 
of the Reign of His present Majesty" To 
explain and amend a former Act passed in 
the Eleventh Year of the Reign of His late 
Majesty King George the First, for the 
better regulating the Manufacture of Cloth 
in the West Riding of the County of York, 
and for making the said Acts more effectual. 
ROADS. Anno decimo quarto Georgu II. 
Regis. (1741.) An Act for repairing and en- 
larging the Roads from the Town of Selby 

to Leeds, and from thence (in two 

several branches, one through Bradford and 
Horton, and the other through Bowling and 
Wibsey) to the town of Halifax, in the same 
Riding. 

ROADS. Anno decimo quarto Georgii II. 
(1741.) An Act for repairing the Roads 
from ft place called Redhouse near Don- 
caster to Wakefield; and through the said 
Town of Wakefield, by Dewsbury, Hightown, 
and Lightcliffe, to the town of Halifax. 

Anno vicesimo quarto Georgii II. Regis. 
(1751.) An Act for explaining and amending 
so much of an Act (14 Geo. II., from Selby 
as above,) as relates to that part which lies 
between Selby and Leeds, and for repairing 
the road from Tadcaster over Bramham 
Moor, Win Moor, Seacroft to Halton Dyal. 
NAVIGATION. An Act for Extending the 
Navigation of the River Galder to, or near 
to Sowerby Bridge, in the Parish of Halifax; 
and for making navigable the River Hebble. 
Halig or Halifax Brook from Brooksmouth 
to Salterhebble Bridge. 88 pages octavo, 
1758, London. 

WATER, &c. An Act to amend and render 
effectual an Act made (2 Geo. HI.) for supply- 
ing the Town of Halifax with Water; and 
for better paving, cleansing and lighting 



the streets and other places there, and for 
removing all Nuisances, Incroachments, and 
Obstructions within the said town, and pre- 
venting the like for the future. 1>762. 

NAVIGATION. An Act for Extending the 
Navigation of the River Oalder to Salter 
Hebble Bridge, and to Sowerby Bridge, in 
the County of York, and for repealing an 
Act for that purpose. 1769. 

DIVORCE. An Act to dissolve the Marriage 
of Edward, Viscount Ligonier with Penelope 
Pitt his now wife, and to enable him to 
marry again; and for other purposes there- 
in mentioned. 1772. This Act consists of 
three folio leaves, six pages, and humbly 
sheweth and complaineth to your most ex- 
cellent Majesty, your true and faithful sub- 
ject the Right Honourable Edward Viscount 
Ligonier, of the Kingdom of Ireland, that 
in the month of May, 1766, your said subject 
did intermarry with Penelope Pitt, one of 
the three daughters of George Pitt, of Strat- 
field Say, Southampton, Esquire, by Pene- 
lope his wife, heretofore Penelope Atkins, 
sister of Sir Richard Atkins, Baronet;" 
the co-respondent, May, 1771j was Count 
Vittorio Amadeo Alfieri ; Ifction against 
Count Alfieri was tried at Westminster, in 
1771, when the Count failed to appear; "a 
libel in the Bishop's Consistory Court, Lon- 
don, was exhibited, and divorce sentence 
obtained against Viscountess Ligonier; the 
petitioner hath not any issue by the said 
Viscountess, and stands deprived of the 
comforts of matrimony and liable to a 
spurious issue to succeed to his title, estates 
and fortune unless the said marriage be 
annulled and declared void by Act of Parlia- 
ment; May it therefore please your most 
excellent Majesty out of your princely good- 
ness and compassion, &c., to grant a dis- 

. solution of marriage, &c.. &c., and leave to 
marry during her lifetime any other woman 
lawfully, the issue to be legal heirs, &c." 
Fifty years ago the tradition remained, but 
not one, who saw her was then living, that 
"Lady Legoneer" formerly lived in Light- 
cliffe. By purchasing this Act of Parliament 
for half-a-crown I got to know who she was. 
The accounts of her were much to her dis- 
credit as a Lightcliffe inhabitant, for 
though the peerages state that she married 
a certain Captain after her divorce of 1772, 
she had a man named Wright as her param- 
our. Forty years ago 1 saw at Mr. Thomp- 
son's, Chapel-le-Brier, an oil painting of a 
hunting scene in which Penelope and the 
Incumbent of Southowram are prominent 
figures. A printed account of the trials may 
occasionally be purchased for a high figure. 
Her father was Earl Rivers, her uncle Earl 
of Chatham, her husband Lord Ligonier, 
whose uncle, a famous Hanoverian soldier, 
fought at the 1745 rebellion, and Count 
Alfieri was the famous Italian dramatical 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



author and poet. What became of her 
during her last years I do not know. 

HALIFAX CHARITIES. (See Ainsworth's 
Triplex.) An Act for Uniting and better 
Regulating the Charities of Nathaniel Water- 
house, within the Town and Parish of Hali- 
fax 1777. 

WORSTED. Acts of Parliament. Published 
by order of the Committee of Worsted Manu- 
facturers in the Counties of York, Lancaster 
and Chester. (London,) 1783, 104 pages, 8vo. 

SMALL DEBTS. An Act to repeal so much of 
an Act made (20 Geo. III.), as relates to the 
more easy and speedy Recovery of Small 
Debts within the Parishes of Halifax, Brad- 
ford, Kighley, Bingley, Guiseley, Calverley 
Batley, Birstal, Mirfield, Hartshead cum 
Clifton, Almondbury, Kirkheaton, Kirk- 
burton, and Huddersfield, and the Lordship 

and Liberty of Tong, and the granting 

of other powers for these purposes. 1793. 

CANAL. Act for Making and Maintaining a 

N'avigable Canal from Sowerby Bridge 

Wharf to Manchester, and also certain 

Cuts. 1794. 

CHURCHES. .ct for Building a New Church 
or Chapel in the Town of Halifax. (Trinity 
Church.) 1795. 

MORTMAIN. Anno tricesimo octavo, Georgii 
III., Regis. (1798). An Act for vesting 
divers Lands and Hereditaments in the 
Parish of Halifax (Sowerby Bridge, for Canal 
purposes,) in Trustees and their Heirs, upon 
certain Trusts therein mentioned, discharg- 
ed from all claims of the Crown in respect 
of any Forfeiture incurred under or by virtue 
of the Statutes of Mortmain. 

WOOLLEN. Account of the Proceedings of 
the Merchants, Manufacturers and others 
concerned in the Wool and Woollen Trade 
of Great Britain; that the Laws respecting 
the Exportation of Wool might not be alter- 
ed in arranging the Union with Ireland, &c. 
London. 1800. 

FRIENDLY SOCIETIES. Act for Relief of 
Friendly Societies. Halifax, 1817, octavo. 
(In Bradford Free Library.) 

PAVING, &c. Act for Paving, Lighting, 
Cleansing, Watching and Improving the 
Township of Halifax, and for supplying the 
same with Water. Royal Assent, June 17, 
1823. 

CANAL. Act to enable the Company of the 
Proprietors of the Calder and Hebble Navi- 
gation to make a Navigable Cut or Canal 
from Salterhebble Bridge to Bailey Hall 

near to the Town of Halifax and to 

amend the Act relating to the said Naviga- 
tion. 1825. 

ROAD. Map of Turnpike Roads, Leeds to 
Halifax. 1824-5. 

ROAD. An Act for making and maintaining 
a Turnpike Road from Godley Lane Head, 
near Halifax, to Northowram Green, in tbp 
West Riding of the County of York. Royal 



Assent, 21 March, 1827. Recites that an Act 
was passed 5 George IV., with the same tifle, 
which Act was now repealed and the amend- 
ed Act was passed. M. Stocks. Halifax, was 
the solicitor, and I have his copy with 
signature: folio, 18 pages. The particulars 
given afford an insight to social and public 
conditions before a railway was thought of. 

TITHES. An Act for Extinguishing Tithes and 
payments in Lieu of Tithes, Mortuaries, and 
Easter Offerings, and other Vicarial Dues 
and Payments within the Parish of Halifax, 
and for making compensation to the Vicar 
in Lieu thereof, and enabling him to grant 
certain Leases of Lands belonging to the 
Vicarage. 1829. 

RESERVOIRS. An Act for making and main- 
taining certain Reservoirs in the Township 
of Rfshworth, in the Parish of Halifax, in 
the West Riding of the County of York. 
Royal Assent, 14th June, 1839- Norris and 
Rudd, Solicitors, Halifax; folio 58 pages. 
These are the books that ougkt to be care- 
fully preserved at the Halifax Town Hail, 
and may I suggest to both Halifax and 
Brighouse Corporations, as also to the sever- 
al District Councils, that a bibliographical 
list of all the reports, acts, and other printed 
matters be occasionally printed, and that 
copies he especially deposited at the Free 
Libraries, reference departments. This list 
should include an index of plans and maps; 
and the old Township Manuscript Bookb 
and papers are too valuable to be ignored. 
The various Clerks should be authorized to 
gather these and make lists at once. The 
cost will be a trifle; the benefit incalculable. 
The long Act concerning Rash worth Reser- 
voirs is of legal as well as historical value. 
Whereas there are mills, factories and other 
premises situated on or near the line 01 
course of the flowing of the waters in the 
brook Ryburn (here the poetry ceases, and 
we get to water-wheels, engines and 
machinery, enlivened by the names of the 
old freeholders, and suggestive place- 
names like Green Withens Clough and 
Castle Dean.) Has Rishworth District 
Council a copy of this ? or even Haif ax Town 
Council ? 

SMALL DEBTS.An Act for the more easy and 
speedy Recovery of Small Debts within the 
Parishes of Halifax, Bradford, Keighley, 
Bingley, Guiseley, Calverley, Batley, 
Birstal, Mirfield, Hartishead-cum -Clifton, 
Almondbury, Kirkheaton, Kirkburton and 
Huddersfield, and the Lordship or Liberty 
of Tong, in the County of York. Royal 
Assent. 24th August, 1839. Morris and Rudd, 
Halifax, and Rich. Ridehalgh, Bradford, 
Solicitors; folio, 38 pages. Mr. Ridehalgh 
was a native of Ripponden. The preambhe 
recites the Act of 83 George III., a copy of 
which is printed in an old history of Hali- 
fax, which Act is amended by this one. 



170 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS.-. 



Those who will take the trouble to read 

, "Wakefield Prison" history will find the 

great, advance made by these Acts upon the 

conditions mentioned under the ancient 

Debtors' Prison at Halifax. 

There was printed at Halifax in 1839 an 

Abstract of Acts for the more easy and speedy 

recovery of small debts within the parishes 

of :Halifax, &c. A copy is in Halifax Free 

Library. 

IMPROVEMENT ACT. "An Act, 16 and 17 
Viet., for the Improvement of the Borough 
of Halifax, and for other purposes, and an 
Appendix containing the Principal Acts and 
Parts of Acts now in force withi# the 
Borough relating to the Improvement of the 
Borough. Halifax, W. R. Phelps and R. 
C. Bowring, "Courier" Office, 1854, octavo, 
pages 207, Ixxi. The Schedule of owners, 
including, the Marchioness of Hertford, &c., 
may be useful. 

PAVING, &c. Act for Paving, Lighting, 
Cleansing, Watching, and Improving the 
Township of Halifax, and for supplying the 
same with Water; 1823; with Rules, &c., of 
the Trustees acting under the Act, collected 
and confirmed at a General Meeting of the 
Trustees, November 2, 1842. Halifax, 1842. 
At present we will only give one more copy, 
the solicitor being Mr. Fairless Barber, and 
the printer. Bayes, 80, Briggate, Brighouse. 
WATER. Clifton Water Supply Company, 
Limited. October 8th, 1874, sixteen pages 
quarto. The jurisdiction is outside our 
limits. 

SIR THOMAS BROWNE'S TERCENTEN- 
ARY. 

To the memory of Sir Thomas Browne, 
some years of whose life were spent at Up- 
per Shibden Hall, a statue was unveiled at 
Norwich yesterday, where he spent the last 
45 years of his life in active work as a 
physician, and wrote some of his books 
That by which he is best known, "Religio 
Medici," rwas written at Upper Shibden 
Hall, where he dwelt in some seclusion. He 
is reputed to have taken his M.D. degree 
at Leyden, but Professor Osier, of Oxford, 
told the "Physical Pupils" of Guy's Hospi- 
tal the other day that he had failed to find 
Browne's .name on the records at Leyden. 
The first edition of "Religio Medici" was 
not published until 1642, five years after 
he had gone to Norwich, but it is wejl es- 
tablished that he wrote it during his resi- 
dence at Upper Shibden Hall. Bentley, 
writing during the lifetime of Dr. Edward 
Browne, Sir Thomas's son, says that Sir 
Thomas "fixed himself in this populous and 
rich trading place wherein to show his 
skill and gain respect in the world ; and 



that during his residence amongst us, and 
in his meant hours, he wrrt his admired 
piece, 'Religio Medici.' ' Mr. Edmund 
Gosse, in "English Men of Letters," says 
concerning Sir Thomas's residence at Shib- 
den that "the entire absence of 'documents 
at this period of Browne's career is much 
to be lamented, since, when his private 
correspondence begins to be preserved, 
some fifteen years later, we find him still 
keeping up old friendships at Halifax." 
One of these correspondents at Halifax was 
Dr. Henry Power, to whom he addressed, 
in 1647, a letter of advice as to the method 
to be pursued in the study of medicine, 
and in 1648 Power wrote to Browne from 
Christ's College, Cambridge, expressing a 
desire to reside for a month or two at Nor- 
wich, in order to have the advantage of 
Browne's personal guidance, for at Cam- 
bridge there are "such few helpes" that he 
fears he will "make- but a lingering p.ro- 
gresse." 

The date of the great wCrk is pretty 
clearly fixed as!635, at which time Browne 
was no doubt at Upper Shibden Hall, by 
the preface to the first authorised edition 
in 1643, in which Browne says, "This, I 
confess, about seven years past, with some 
others of affinity thereto, I had at leisur- 
able hours composed." He further states 
that he wrote it when thirty years of age. 
From " Brighouse News," Oct. 20th, 1905. 



XCV. NATURAL HISTORY LITERATURE. 



THE FLORA OF YORKSHIRE; with two 
plates; by Henry Baines, sub-curator to the 
Yorkshire Philosophical Society. Halifax, 
Leyland and Son, 1840; large octavo, pages vi., 
map of the county, i xxi., 1 160. The local 
men who assisted Mr. Baines are recorded as 
Mr. S. Gibson, Hebden Bridge; Mr. John 
Newell, of Todmorden; and Mr. John How- 
arth, of Todmorden. The botanical wealth of 
Hebden Valley is specially noted. A map of 
Upper Teesdale is inserted opposite page 72. 

THE FLORA OF THE PARISH OF HALI- 
FAX, by WILLIAM B. CRUMP, M.A., and 
CHARLES CROSSLAND, F.L.S. Halifax 
Scientific Society. 1904. This work was issued 
with the Halifax Naturalist, but having sepa- 
rate pagination. On the title it bears a vig- 
nette map of Halifax rivers and streams as 
given in Cronhelm's " Rivers and Streams of 
Halifax." 1847. The book is a demy octavo, 
pages i. Ixxv., 1 316. The introduction 
deals with the geology and meteorology of the 
parish (1130 square miles), plant distribution 
and associations, historical and biographical 
sketch, and bibliography. The Flora incor- 
porates the work of James Bolton, including 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



some of his unpublished work in the British 
Museum, also besides modern investigations 
the Herbaria of Roberts Leyland, S. King, S. 
Gibson, and John Nowell, 1815-1860. The book 
was printed by F. King and Sons, Halifax;. 
Due notice is taken of the valuable works of 
James Bolton, which is followed by a memoir 
of ROBERTS LEYLAND (born 1784, son of 
William Leyland), whose Herbarium of plants 
is deposited at the Belle Vue Museum, Hali- 
fax. Roberts was father of J. B. Leyland, 
sculptor, and F. A. Leyland, antiquary. He 
was one of the founders of the Halifax Liter- 
ary and Philosophical Society, 1830, and died 
Novr. 15, 1<847. His grandson, John Leyland, 
topographical author, possesses some volumes 
of letters written to him by eminent botan- 
ists. SAMUEL GIBSON was born at Hebden 
Bridge about 1790, and died May 2lst, 1849, 
aged 49. He was, like his father, a white- 
smith, but meeting with an accident, and 
having nine children to care for, he took an 
inn at Mytholmroyd and established a museum 
there. This failed, so he had to sell his col- 
lection and live in a cottage. Mr. JAMES 
CASH, in 1873, gives a glowing account of 
Gibson as botanist, geologist, entomologist, 
and conchologist in " Where There's a Will 
There's a Way : An Account of the Labours of 
Naturalists in Humble Life." His fossils, 
exhibited at the British Association meeting, 
Manchester. 1812, were purchased for the Man- 
chester Museum, and are now at Owens Col- 
lege. A collection of insects he had to sell 
for about 2, was soon after his death sold 
again for .45. Many of the naturalist au- 
thors of his time acknowledge help that he 
rendered. He had no schooling except at a 
Sunday school. His collection of seeds and 
seed-vessels passed to the authorities of Sal- 
ford Museum, Peel Park, and the British 
flowering plants went to Mr. Phillips, M.P., 
Manchester, whose daughter. Lady Trevelyan, 
at Mr. Crump's suggestion, gave them to 
Halifax Corporation. SAMUEL KING, young- 
est son of John King, Lane House, Midgley, 
was born June 12th, 1870. He became gar- 
dener at The Hollins, Warley, and began fe 
nursery at Lane House. His sight failed 
him, yet he continued for many years to be 
the minister at Butts Green Baptist Chapel, 
Warley. About 1860 he removed to Bank 
Bottom, Luddenden, and presented his herba- 
rium to the Halifax Literary and philosophi- 
cal Society in 1876. He died January 10, 
1688, and was buried at Butts Green Chapel. 
Charles Eastwood, his nephew, was a contri- 
butor to Miall's Flora. He died December 21, 
1895. JOHN NOWELL was born at Harley 
Wood Springs, in 1802. He was taught at 
Shore Chapel, by the minister, the Rev. John 
Midgley, but began botanical studies under 
Edmund Holt, of Lumbutts. His portrait 
and collection of mosses are at the Todmorden 
Free Library. He died October 28, 1867, and 



was buried at Cross-stone Church. The " 
chester Guardian," November 5, 1867, gives 
an account of his labours, and Mr. Abraham 
Stansfield, junr., gives a notice of him as " A 
Lancashire Moss Gatherer," in his " Essays 
and Sketches." When Baines' Flora was re- 
written by Mr. J. G. Baker (Kew Gardens, a 
Yorkshire worthy), in 1854, Nowell was en- 
trusted with the part of the supplement deal- 
ing with Yorkshire mosses, and Dr. Carring- 
ton, "Flora of the West Riding," 1862, ac T 
knowledges indebtedness to Nowell. Emi- 
nent bryologists visited and corresponded 
with him. John Howarth and William 
Greenwood were his frequent companions on 
excursions. They and ABRAHAM STANS- 
FIELD founded the Todmorden Botanical Sop 
ciety in 1852. Stansfield, the first president, 
was born January 12, 1802. at Hugon Croft, 
Shore, in Stansfield. In 1844 he started as 
nurseryman at Vale Gardens. He contribu- 
ted the botanical chapter to the " History of 
Boasendale," 1868, by Newbiggin. He died 
August 15, 1680, in Cheshire; see Hebden 
Bridge Almanack, 1882. There is a portrait 
of him at Todmorden Free Library. His eon 
Abraham is elsewhere mentioned as an author 
and poet. 

The Haley Hill Working Men's 
College, Colonel Akroyd founder, fostered a 
scientific society about 1860. circulated a manrv 
uscript magazine until 1866, when the " Cir- 
culator " began to be printed, 2d. each uum- 
ber, R. Leyland and Son, publisher, and lived 
two years. Ovenden Naturalist Society was 
begun in 1865. John Walker, born at Booth- 
town. June 24, 1839. was the leading local 
spirit at this time. He resided at Lee House, 
Shibden, in 1880, and at Coley Mill Hooae in 
1890, where he died May 16, 1895, and was in- 
terred at Lister Lane Cemetery, Halifax. His 
collection is at Belle Vue Museum, Halifax. 
The Halifax Geologist's Field Club was start- 
ed in 1874, and is now known as the Halifax 
Scientific Society, who issued the "Halifax 
Naturalist," eight volumes, and the " Flora 
of Halifax,*' from which this note is taken. 
Mr. Henry Thjma? Soppitt, born at Bradford 
in 1858, removed to Halifax in 1894, ai>d - 
there April 1st, 1899, was an ardent worker, 
and his name will be associated with Halifax 
microscopic fnnsri in future. His work ap- 
pears in the Yorkshire " Naturalist." The 
five pages of bibliography given by Messrs. 
Crump and Crossland include the following 
" separate " publications, excluding articles 
in the "Naturalist," "Halifax Naturalist," 
Ac. 

JAMBS BOLTON. 1785-90. Filices Britan., 
2 vols; ' Fungi ses," 1788-91, 4 vols 

HBNRY BUSES' Flora, 1840. 

Supplement Ly Baker and NowaH, 1854. 

Flora of West Riding Miall and Carrinston. 

" A List of Plants used by the Halifax Medi- 
cal Botanic Society, stating the times when 



172 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



they flower, and the places where they grow," 
Halifax, Nicholson and Wilson, Cheapeide, 
1854, eight pages, 12mo. 

" The Circulator, a monthly Magazine of 
Literature, Science, and Art; by members of 
the Haley Hill Literary and Scientific Soci- 
ety," 1867. 

" West Yorkshire," by J. W. Davis and F. 
A. Lees, elsewhere noticed. 

" Guide to Hardeastle Crags, Hebden Bridge 
etc., 2nd edition," 1894. Botany by J. Need- 
ham. 

THE HALIFAX NATURALIST AND EEL 
CORD OF THE SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY. 
Vol. I., April 1896 to February 1897 (bi- 
monthly). Conducted by W. B. Crump, M.A., 
editor, Charles Crossland, and J. Wms. Sut- 
oliffe. Halifax, F. King and Sons, 1897, demy 
octavo, pages iv., 1 102, with geological map 
of the Parish by C. E. Fox. There is a col- 
oured fungus plate. The articles are all on 
local natural history, except two of mine on 
the origin of Halifax family names. 

Vol. ii., Halifax, F. King and Sons, 1898; 
pages iv., 1 124. Besides the natural history 
articles there are papers by Robert Law, 
F.G.S., on " Prehistoric Man," John Longbot- 
tom on " Crosses in Halifax Parish," and 
" Old Time Punishments." 

Vol. iii., 1899, pages iv., 1132. The out- 
ide articles include "The Halls of Halifax 
Parish," by John Longbottom, "Metal Work 
from Benin," by H. Ling Roth, "Cinerary 
Urns at Todmorden," by Robert Law, "James 
Spencer," an obituary, with a list of his arti- 
cles in the "Circulator," Manchester; "Geo- 
logical Transactions," "Yorkshire Magazine," 
"Naturalist," Science Gossip," Yorkshire Geo- 
logical Proceedings,* etc. Mr. Spencer was 
born at Luddenden, April 27, 1834, died at Ak- 
roydon, July 9, 1898. "Old Warley" and 
" Royde " are two more antiquarian articles. 

Vol. iv., 1900, pages iv., 1116. The remain- 
ders of these four volumes were destroyed by 
a fire at the printers, so the work is scarce. 
In this volume Mr. Longbottom continues his 
notices of the old halls of the parish. 

Vol. v., conducted by W. B. Crump, M.A., 
C. E. Moss, B.Sc., editors, and Frederick Bar- 
ker. Halifax, for the Society, by F. King 
and Sons, Ltd., 1901, pages iv., 1124. Mr. 
C. Crossland contributed " The Origin of 
Some Halifax Surnames," Mr. J. Longbottom 
on " Fowles and Vermyn;" "Early Halifax 
Bibliography " by J. Horsf all Turner ; Fijian 
Collection at Halifax Museum, by H. Ling 
Roth. 

Vol. vi., edited by W. B. Crump, M.A., and 
J. T. Jolley, M.A. Halifax, King, 1902, pages 
iv., 128. "Painting of Halifax," by N. T. 
Fielding," used in Jacobs' Halifax; "Fijian 
CrlleotioB, etc," by H. Ling Roth, "Antiquar- 
ian exhibition." 1901; "Halifax Bibliography" 
by J. Horefall Turner, are items in addition 
to the usual natural history subjects.. 



Vol. vii., 1903, pages iv., 116. " Upper Sal- 
tonstall," by John Longbottom, "Halifax 
Place Names," by Charles Crossland, Smea- 
ton'e Halifax Water-works scheme, flint chip- 
pings, Warley winnower; besides natural his- 
tory. 

Vol. viii., 1904, pages iv., 104, conducted by 
W. B. Crump, M.A., J. T. Jolley, M.A., C. 
Crossland, F.L.S. Special articles appear as 
under :" Plaster Work, Arms, &c., on Old 
Halls," by Hugh P. Kendall; " Old Porches," 
by the same; "Dialect Words," by W. B. 
Crump. With this volume the valuable 
serial became defunct. 

JAMES W. DAVIS and F. ARNOLD LEES, 
F.L.S., M.R.C.S. "West Yorkshire: an ac- 
count of its Geology, Physical Geograpiiy, 
Climatology, and BotanjV Part i., Geology 
by Jas. W. Davis, F.G.S., F.L.S. , hon. sec. 
Yorks. Geol. and Polyt. Society, President 
Halifax Geol. Society. 

Part ii., Physical Geography and Botanical 
Topography, by J. W. Davis and F. A. Lees. 
Maps and plate. Second edition, London 1639, 
demy octavo, pp. xl., 1 414. 2 maps in pock- 
ets, 21 plates. It contains references to the 
following local literary contributions: 

Dr. W. H. ALEXANDER. Mineral springs 
of Halifax Parish geologically considered. 
List of Fossils by J. Gibson 1841. W.R. 
Yorks. Geol. and Polytech. Soc., i. 

CAPT. T. BROWN. Fossil Shells in Tod- 
morden Valley, 1841. Manchester Geol. Soc. i. 

J. T. CLAY, Rastrick. Boulders of granite 
and other crystalline rocks in the valley of 
the Calder, near Halifax, 1841. W.^.Y. 
Geol., i.; also in British Association Report, 
1842. 

J. T. Clay: Yorkshire Drift and Gravel. 
W.R.Y. Geol., i. 

Dr. J. INGLIS. Nautilus from Halifax 
Coal Beds. Rep. Brit. Assoc., 1847. 

SAML. BAINES, Brighouse. Yorkshire 
Flagstones and their Fossils. W.R.Y. Geol., 
iii., 1859. Difference in Deposition of Coal, 
iv.. 180 (see John James' Bradford.) 

E. W. BINNEY. Excursion to Halifax, 
Hipperholme, Lightcliffe, and Low Moor. 
Manchester Geol. Soc., iv., 1864. 

J. SPENCER. Geology of the Parish of 
Halifax. Millstone Grit Rocks. Manchester 
Geol. Soc., ix., 1870. 

W. CARRUTHERS. Vegetable Structures 
in Halifax Lower Coal Beds. 1871, Croydon 
Microscop. Club. 

GREiEIN. DAKYNS, WARD, and RUSSELL. 
Geology of Dewsbury, Huddersfield, and Hali- 
fax. 1871. Geol. Survey Memoir, 8vo., Lon- 
don. Sheet 88 of one inch survey, 1674. 

RUSSELL and HOLMES. Coal Strata of 
Halifax and Bradford, 1872. Geological sheet 
43, 

JOHN AITKEN. Fish in Millstone Grit, 
Hebden Bridge, 1874. Manchester Geol. Soc. 
iii. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



173 



J. SPENCER. Third part of Description 
of Millstone Grit, Halifax. Manchester Geol. 
Soc., xiii., 18 4. Geology of Harti-bed Coal, 
1876, Naturalist i. 

J. W. DAVIS. Erratic Boulders of Calder 
Valley; W.R.Y. Geol. 1876. Bone Bed, lower 
ooal measure, Fish; July Jrl. Geol. hoc., 1876. 
Fish Remains, lower ooal measure, W.R.Y. 
Geol., 1876. Trees in lower coal measure, 
W.R.Y. Geol., 1876. 

Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Eng- 
land and Wales. Explanation of sheet 88, 
illustrating the geology of the neighbourhood 
of Dewsbury, Eudderefield, and Halifax, by 
A. H. Green, J. R. Dakyns, J. C. Ward, R. 
Russell. London, 1871, ten pages, deiny oc- 
tavo. 

W. ALEXANDER, besides the notice in 
article 24, was the author of the following: 
Treatise on the Various Modes of Bathing, 
with the analyses of the Mineral Springs of 
Scarborough and all their Medicinal Uses, by 
W. Alov indrr: Scarborough. 182-, 8vo. 
Ho r ley Green Mineral Water: its new Chemi- 
cal analysis and .Medicinal Uses, by vV. Alex- 
ander, M.D. Halifax 1840. Powers of Dis- 
infecting Agents as Auxiliary to Sanitary 
Measures; Leeds, 1649. Adulteration of 
Food and Drinks; Halifax, 1856. Adultera- 
tion of Food; Halifax, 1857. On Sea Bathing 
and Mineral Waters of Scarborough; Halifax, 
1882, 8vo. 

JOHN WATERHOUSE, F.R.S., F.R.A.S., 
F.G.S., Ac. Eight Years Meteorology of 
Halifax, being a record of observations taken 
at Well Head during the years 1866 to 1873 
inclusive. Halifax, Walker, " Guardian " 
Office, George Street, 1874, 1/lin. x 9. 

GEOROE FIELDING, a native of Rippon- 
den, settled at Hull about 1800, and acquired 
an extensive practice as surgeon. He was for 
nearly forty years connected with the Infirm- 
ary, where there is a marble bust to him. In 
1813 he published a volume of " Surgical 
Cases, with Practical Observations. In 1822, 
"A Case of Transverse Fracture of the Pa- 
telTa, in which long unison was procured." 
He also contributed to the London Medical 
and Physical Journal, the London Medical 
Gazette, and the Medico-Chirurgical Transac- 
tions of Edinburgh. He was an active sup- 
porter of the literary institutions of Hull. 

HENRY POWER, Dr. of Phyeick. 

I am pleased to add to the previous notice 
of this local worthy tha,t! I have secured a 
copy of his book: 

Kxperimental Philosophy, 

in Three Books, 

Containing New Experiments, Microscopical, 
Mercurial. Magnetic!, with some Deductions, 
&c. London, 1664, small quarto. The first 
fly-leaf bears the imprimatur, August, 1663; 



the second leaf gives on one page the title; 
the next ten leaves contain the preface signed 
and dated from New Hall, near Halifax, 1st 
August, 1661; a folding sheet of nine diagrams 
follows next, and this is succeeded by the 
Microscopical Observations, pages 1 83. The 
microscope had recently been invented, and 
its revelations filled the author's mind with 
delight. Though not new to modern readers, 
his description (wifcli quaint spellings and 
dialect words now and again interspersed,) are 
pleasant records of the new wonders learnlb 
from observing the flea, fly, bee, moth, louse, 
spider, cuckoo-spit, woolly boys, &c. He 
several times refers to the books of Dr. Brown, 
"my ever honoured friend/' author of Religio 
Medici. The second book the Mercurial, has 
a separate title page, dated 1663. It was be- 
gun, he says, in 1653. It occupies pages 85 
149. He records experiments with mercury at 
the base and the top of Halifax Hill; and 
at Pendle Hill, accompanied by Messrs. Town- 
ley, of Townley Hall. The third book Ex- 
periments Magnetical, has also a separate title- 
page, dated 1663, and embraces pages 151 170. 
The next page is a sub-title Observations 
about Cole Mines, treating specially of cnok- 
ing and fire damps, 171 181. The Conclusion 
is contained in pages 183 193, and the Errata 
is given on page 195. One sentence from this 
Conclusion will raise our estimation of the 
Elland Philosopher; "There is a world of 
people indeed, but few men in it/' In this 
sentence he anticipated Carlyle of our own 
day. He continues "Mankind is but pre- 
served in a few individuals, the greatest part 
of humanity is lost in earth, and their souls 
so fixed in that grosser moiety of themselves 
(their bodies) that nothing can volatilize 
them, and set their Reasons at liberty." His 
attack on student graduates is rich. He com- 
pares their proficient wranglings as no more 
than a heat twixt two oyster-wives in Bil- 
lingsgate. Dr. Power will be more than a 
mere name to me after perusing this interest- 
ing tome. 



XC VI. MORAVIAN LITERATURE. 



"The Life of Bishop Spangenberg; The Life 
of Augustus Gottlieb Spangenberg, Bishop of 
the Unity of the Brethren. From the German 
of Charles T. Ledderhose, Incumbent of St. 
George, in the Black Forest. (Translated by 
the Rev. Godfrey Clemens, of Baildon and 
Fulneck.) London, 1855; octavo, pages v., 
H8; steel plate portrait. Bishop Spangenberg 
was the chief ruler of the Brethren at Light- 
cliffe, and afterwards at Fulneck, near Leeds. 
He was born July 15, 1704, at Klettenberg in 
Prussia. He was educated at Jena. He for- 
sook law, and joined the Moravian Brethren. 
In 1726 he had taken his M.A. degree, and in 
April, 1730, he visited Hermhut, accompanied 



174 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



by Godfrey Clemens, ancestor of the Mr. 
Clemens who translated this "Life." From 
this time his association with Count Zinzen- 
dorf became very intimate, and the Count re- 
commended him to the King of Denmark for 
a responsible university post. He preferred 
to adhere to his work at Jena, and next year, 
1731, he declined to become professor of Div- 
inity at Halle, but at the wish of the King of 
Prussia he undertook the post. For adhering 
to the Brethren he was removed from his 
office. In 1735 he was commissioned to visit 
London to arrange a missionary station in 
Georgia, under General Oglethorpe. He went 
to Georgia and other parts of America to 
superintend missions. John Wesley and Ben- 
jamin Ingham, the latter a Yorkshire clergy- 
man, became acquainted with him at this 
time, resulting in the Moravians taking charge 
of Mr. Ingham's societies which he established 
after the acquaintanceship. Mr. Spangen- 
berg was general superintendent in England 
from April, 1741, his residence at that time 
being in London. He visited the Yorksiiire 
meetings, and arranged to take charge of the 
same. Smith House, in Lightcliffe, was chosen 
as a place of residence for the ministers after 
the model of Marienborn, and the party ar- 
rived on June 17th, 1742. Count Zinzendorf 
spent eight days at Smith House in February, 

1743. At Smith House Spangenberg 
composed hymns for the Congrega- 
tional use, one of them being, 
"When simplicity we cherish." In January, 

1744, he removed to Silesia, and in June was 
consecrated a Bishop, and he was frequently 
engaged in interviews with the Kings of 
Europe, and preaching before several. His 
publications were nearly all in German. He 
issued the "Life of Count Zinzendorf" in 
eight parts, 1772-5; "Exposition of Christian 
Doctrine, as taught by the United Brethren," 
1777 ) its Latin title being "Idea fidi Fra- 
trum," and it has been translated into several 
languages. His brother George became Baron 
de Spangenberg, Privy Councillor under the 
Elmperor Joseph. Bishop Spangenberg died 
at Berthelsdorf September 18, 1792. One of 
my copies of his "Life" was given to me by 
Mr. Clemens, the translator, but his name does 
not appear. He states that he "translated it 
for Mr. Daniel Benham, who published it at 
his own expense." 

"An Account of the Manner in which the 
Protestant Church of the Unitas Fratrum, 
or United Brethren, preach the Gospel, and 
carry on their Missions among the heathen. 
Translated from the German of the Rev. 
August Gottlieb Spangenberg." London, 178$. 
demy octavo, pages viii., 128. Preface is dated 
1780. 

"An Exposition of the Christian Doctrine 
as taught in the Protestant Church of the 
United Brethren or Unitas Fratrum. Written 
in German by August Gottlieb Spangenberg, 



with a preface by Benjamin La Trobe, 1784," 
was published at 5s. 

"The Life of Nicholas Lewis Counfc Zinzen- 
dorf, Bishop of the United or Moravian Breth- 
ren, (17001760), by the Rev. August Gottlieb 
Spangenberg. Translated from the German by 
Samuel Jackson, with introductory preface by 
the Rev. P. La Trobe. London, 1838, <iemy 
octavo, pages xxxv., 511; frontispiece portrait 
of Zinzendorf. This is compiled from the 
eight parts, issued 1772-5. The first two parts 
had been translated into English soon after 
their appearance in German. 
PETER BOHLER. 

"Memorials of the Life of Peter Bohler, 
Bishop of the Church of the United Brethren, 
by the Rev. J(ohn) P(rior) Lockwood, with an 
introduction by the Rev. Thomas Jackson. 
London, Wasleyan Conference, 1868, 12mo., 
pages vii., 143; steel plate portrait of Bishop 
Bohler, an excellent one, 1 presume, having 
compared it with one I got many years ago 
from Herrnhut. Enlargements of the por- 
traits of Spanrrenberg and Bohler should adorn 
the walls of the Brighouse Art Gallery, for 
though their residence in Lightcliffe was in 
each case short no greater worthies ever re- 
sided there. Mr. Jackson was a voluminous 
Yorkshire author. Mr. Lockwood, my old cor- 
respondent, was descended from the Ilkley 
mechanician John Prior, and he dates the pre- 
face from Shiwley. He published two or three 
other biographical books that T value. John 
and Charles Wesley went to America on mis- 
sion work under General Oglethorpe, the 
philanthropist, with whom were Spangenberg 
and other Moravians. After over two years 
service in Georgia, John Wesley writes "I, 
who went to America to convert others, was 
never myself converted to God." In 17S8 the 
"Wesley brothers returned, and they met in 
London with Peter Bohler who had been sent 
from Germany en route to America. The in- 
terviews cleared the doubts and difficulties of 
the brothers, and Bohler passed on to America. 
The Wesleys received their general orthodoxy 
from the Church of England, but their doctrine 
of justification by faith from the Moravians 
who claim descent from the Bohemians, of 
whom John Hues and Jerome of Prague were 
confessors, and they were influenced by the 
writings of the great Yorkshire Reformer 
John de Wycliffe, 1324-1384. The Act of Parlia- 
ment by which the Moravians are recognized 
as an episcopal protestant church in England, 
is indirectly an item of Yorkshire biblio- 
graphy, as also the "Report of ^he Parliament- 
ary Committee on the Brethren's Petition, 
1749," folio, 156 pages. This irives the legal 
history, tenets, and economy of the Brethren. 
The Bohemian protestant church dates from 
1457; the Moravian renewal at Herrnhut from 
June, 1722. Peter Bohler (Bayler.) was born 
at Frankfort on Maine, December 31, 1712. In 
July, 1737, John Wesley was entertained at 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



176 



his father's house in Frankfort. Peter was 
educated at Jena University, where he became 
a convert under Spangenberg, and in 1732 was 
introduced to Count Zinzendorf at Jena. Jn 
1734 he entered the University of Leipzig, but 
soon returned to Jena, and became a lecturer 
or Junior Professor. On December 16, 1738, 
he was ordained by Count Zinzendorf and 
Bishop Nitschman, and sent to minister at 
Oxford in England. Reaching; London, John 
Wesley at once gave to him a letter addressed 
to Zinzendorf from John Tolschig, of Georgia. 
Conversing in Latin, friendship was at once 
struck, and the Wesley brothers went with 
Bohler to Oxford, February, 17, 1738, and th 
Wesleys date their "spiritual conversion" 
from that visit, and about a hundred others 
in Oxford became followers of the Latin 
preacher. In May, Bohler left London for 
Carolina and Georgia. The voyage took 134 
days, owing to contrary winds and no wind. 
The Rev. George Whitfield on January 1st, 
1740, reached Savannah and became co-worker 
with Bohler, who led the evangelical company 
through dense forests, where whiteman had 
never trod, to the forks of the Delaware to 
take possession of 5,000 acres purchased by 
Whitfield for ,2,200. Bohler returned to Eng- 
land, setting sail in a leaky old vessel January 
29, 1741, but reached Bristol in 27 days. By 
Spangenberg's request he left London for 
Yorkshire, where thousands had been aroused 
to religious interest by Benjamin Ingharn,the 
Wesleys, Whitfield, John Nelson. WPliam 
Delamotte. John Toeltschig, Philip Henry 
Molther, &c. The chief work centred between 
Halifax and Leeds, Bradford and Huddere- 
field, so there is no wonder that Ltghtclifffr 
became the Moravian head quarters with 
Bohler the leader at that time, and in Nov- 
ember. 1741, accepted the charge of a body of 
German emigrants who were expected in the 
Spring of 1742, but did not arrive until June. 
Meantime he married on February 20th, Mips 
Bli>abeth Hobson. evidently a Yorkshire ws- 
n-an Their children were Anthony Peter, 
i*43. Christian. 1746, Benigna, 1'4b Loivs. 
1751. and (it is believed) Louis Frederic who 
died it Bethlehem (America) in 1815. The 
Bishop's widow died at Fulneck in Match, 
1781, nearly six years after her husband's 
death. The gravestone (629) may still be seen. 
Bohler took charge of the American conting- 
ency and proceeded thither in the Spring, 
whilst Spangenberg had care of the York- 
shire party. In November, 1744, Mr. Spangen- 
berg took his place in America. In January, 
1748, he was made a Bishop by Zinzendorf, 
John <)e Watteville and John Nitsohman. The 
new Bishop, who could preach to Jews in 
Hebrew, and to others in Latin, Greek. 
Arabic and German, was now a fluent English 
speaker, and had charge of the English con- 
gregation. In May, 1753. with a party of 
seventy emigrants, he returned to take Spang- 



nberg'a place in America. In March, 1755, 
he returned to England, but left his wife in 
New York, and, landing at Newcastle, he 
hastened across country to Fulneck, which had 
taken the prominence of Smith House, and 
soon after he crossed to Germany. From 1756 
he was in Germany, but set sail for America 
and became assistant to Spangenberg for eight 
years. In 1764 he returned and spent his 
time mostly in Germany, but died in Londom, 
and was buried at Lindsey House, Chebea, 
where a small stone records "Petrae Bohler, 
a Bishop of the Unitas Fratrum, departed 
April 27, 1775, in the 63rd year of hie age." 

"Memorial Days of the Renewed Church of 
the Brethren. Translated from the German. 
Printed at Aehton-under-Lyne, 1822, octavo, 
pages iii., 224. Preface is dated Herrnhut, 
1821. There is no Yorkshire matter in it, 
except reference to John Toltschig's expatria- 
tion, 1724. Though the chief Yorkshire mis- 
sioner we know very little of his Yorkshire 
career, and much of this is from John Nelson's 
Journal, where he takes the Wesley an side. 

"Four Familiar Conversations on the His- 
tory of the Church of the United Brethren; 
for the instruction tof youth; arranged from 
Bishop Holmes's History of that Church. 
Ashton-under-Lyne, 12mo., 92 pages; preface 
dated Fairfield Sisters' House, 1844, by the 
Warden. In 1728 John Toltschig and two 
others were sent to England as a deputation 
to give information to some inquirers in Lon- 
don, and thus the American mission of 1734 
had its beginning under Spangenberg. In 
1735 the second company of 26 persons pro- 
ceeded to Georgia. 

"An Epitome of the History of the Church 
of the United Brethren, in the way of ques- 
tion and answer, for the information of young 
persons." Bradford, 1850: small octavo, pages 
iv., 96. The editor of this work was the Rev. 
J. Carey, of Horton, but he does not give his 
name. He begins his story with St. Pan! at 
Illyricum, (Rom. xv.), St. Jerome of Illyrioum 
in 390, the Sclavonians, 680. Waldensians of 
Bohemia 1176, to the Bohemian and Moravian 
protestants, all Anti-papal. Mr. Carey es- 
tablished the serial "Fraternal Messenger, 
Vol. II., 1853, 512pp." 

"A Concise History of the Unitas Fratrum 

commonly called Moravians." London, 

1862, 12mo., pages vii., 190. 

"Yorkshire Centenary Jubilee, of Congrega- 
tions of the United Brethren in Wyke, Mir- 
field, Gomersall and Fulneck, April, 1855. 
Published by the Fnlneck Jubilee Committee." 
Small octavo, 105 pages. 

"A Short History of the Moravian Church, 
by J. E. Hutton, M.A." London, 1895; octavo, 
pages vii., 280. The Rev. J. E. Hutton is a 
native of Fulneck. 

"Historical Sketches of the Missions of the 
United Brethren for propagating the Gospel 
among the Heathen; by the Rev. John Holmes, 



176 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



author of a History of the Protestant Church 
of the United Brethren. Second improved 
edition. Bradford, T. Inkersley, 1827, demy 
octavo pages viii., 470. Preface to first edi- 
tion is dated Dublin, 1818; to the second, 
Fulneck, Leeds, 1826. 

The Moravian Almanack, 1869. 

Th* Moravian Almanack, 1870, second year 
of issue, 56 pages, 24mo.; gives a list of 
Moravian literature, of Ministers, &c. 

The Messenger, Monthly Journal, 1870. 

The Life of James Button, by D. Benham, 
gives the fullest account of the first settle- 
ment of the Moravians at Lightcliffe, and next 
to this is Hasse's pamphlet on Early English 
Moravians. 

XCVII. SOME WRITE1RS OF FICTION. 

"Dialogues between a Pilgrim and Adam; 
Noah, Cleophas." Pages iv., 328, demy octavo, 
( ) Leeds, E. Baines, printer. The edi- 
tor's preface is signed Asa Moor, Wiggles- 
worth in Craven, August 27, 1801, in which 
he states that he prints from the edition of 
1769. 

"Dialogues between a Pilgrim, Adam, Noah, 
and Cleophas, containing the History of the 
Bible and of the Jews, &c., &c., originally 
translated from the Butch. To which is pre- 
fixed (affixed) An Historical Catechism-, and 
the Christian Economy. Halifax, J. and J. 
Nicholson, 1806, demy octavo, pages vi., 337; 
Historical Catechism, 30 pages; Christian 
Economy, 30 pages. 

Dialogues between a Pilgrim, Adam, &c., 
with two engraved titles by Topham, of Leeds. 
Leeds, printed by B. Dewhirst, and the other, 
Halifax, printed by J. Nicholson and Co., 
demy octavo, ( ), pages, vi., 337; Christ- 
ian Economy, 30 pages; Historical Catechism 
(Inchbold and Gawtrees, printers, Leeds). 12 
pages; list of eleven plates, Scripture Scenes. 
Dialogues between a Pilgrim, Adam, fee., 
engraved title, Leeds, B. Dewhirst. Frontis- 
piece and eleven engravings, ( ) pages, 

iii., 416, including the Economy; Historical 
Catechis'm, (J. Nicholson and Co., printers, 
Halifax). They printed all this book as shewn 
by their names on page 337. The plates differ 
a.nd the text is amplified. 

Dialogues, &c. Engraved title, Leeds, B. 
Dewhirst; frontispiece of Samuel and Eli by 
Topham. Second title page gives Leeds, B. 
Dewhirst, 1813, pages vi., 337; Christian 
Economy, 30 pages; Historical Catechism, 18 
pages; Leeds, B. Dewhirst; eleven illustra- 
tions but differing from Nicholson's list. 
JOHN MITCHEL. 

The Female Pilgrim, or the Travels of 
Hephzibah, under the similitude of a dream, 
in which is given, &c., &c., illustrated with 
copper plates. To which is added a Supple- 



ment of the Female Pilgrim, or the Travels 
of Evangelistus, containing a succinct narra- 
tion, &c., the marriage of the Prince of Salem 
and Princess Hephzibah; to which is annexed 
a Door to the Heart, a Key to the Allegory." 
Halifax, J. Nicholson, 1809, large octavo, pages 
xxiii., lt-408; ; Evangelistus, 1-90; six plates, 
four by Livesey of Leeds, and two by Topham 
of Leeds. The allegory is in the style of 
Bunyan's inimitable work, but a long way 
behind it. John Mitchel, whoever he was, in- 
troduces his name in an acrostic poem in the 
preface, and inserts several poems in the work, 
evidently originals. He was a talented lay- 
man. 

J. NICHOLSON, Halifax, 1811, issued the 
remainders with a new title, and a printer's 
blunder "The Female Pirlgim." 

DANIEL DE FOE, the voluminous writer 
ad controversialist, is said to have written 
two of his most famous books whilst hiding 
himself at Halifax. Being forced to flee from 
London on account of his political writings, 
he took up his abode in Back-lane, Halifax, 
at the sign of the Rose and Crown, where he 
was known to Dr. Nettleton, the physician 
whom we have already noticed, and to the Rev. 
Nathaniel Priestley, of Northgate Chapel. The 
Priestleys were constantly doing business 
with relatives and others in London, and be- 
ing well-known Nonconformists were just the 
people to shield the writer. As de Foe wrote 
for a living, he would not be anywhere long 
without using his pen. Indeed his journey in 
these parts has been printed, and there is 
good ground for accepting Mr. Watson's state- 
ment, written soon after the famous man had 
been buried at Bunhill Fields, London, that 
it was here where ["De Jure Divino," and] ? 
"The Adventures of Robinson Crusoe" were 
written. Mr. Watson rather ungracefully 
gives De Foe a mean character when he states 
what was never attempted to be proved, that 
Alexander Selkirk, who had been cast on the 
Island of Juan Fernancles, gave De Foe the 
manuscript memoir to methodize for the press, 
but struck out this novel, and forestalled and 
robbed Selkirk of his reward. There is no 
doubt that Selkirk had thus been cast adrift 
for De Foe seems to allude to him in the pre- 
face to the third volume "Serious Reflections" 
"There is a man alive and well known, whose 

life most part of this story directly 

alludes to." 

DE FOE'S " ROBINSON CRUSOE. " 

"Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, 
with engravings from designs by Thomas 
Stothard, R.A., engraved by Charles Heath, 
and a Sketch of De Foe by Henry J. Nicoll. 
London, John Hogg, 1883, large octavo, pages 
xxxvi., 510. The plates, of which a list is 
given in the book, were prepared for the edi- 
tion of Robinon Crusoe, published by T- 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



177 



Cadell and W. Davies in 1820. They have 
been steel-faced for this edition. The first 
and second parts were issued in April and 
August, 1719; the third was sent out a year 
later than the second. 

Robinson Crusoe, par Daniel de Foe, precede 
d'une notice sur sa vie et ses outrages. Paris 
Firmin Didot, 1870, octavo, 454 pages. No 
illustrations. "Daniel Foe naquit a Londrea 
en 1663; d'un simple boucher; mourut a Is- 
lington en avril 1731." Since I saw his grave- 
stone, a very insignificant upright one, in 
Bunhill Fields, the youth of England have 
erected a more worthy memorial in its place. 
This French translation is well done in all 
respects, but the birth should be given 1661. 

Abridged for School Reading Books. "Life 
and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robin- 
son Crusoe, of York, mariner, by Daniel de 
Foe, edited for school use with explanatory 
notes, Ac., by Alfonzo Gardiner," (a Leeds 
Schoolmaster). Edinburgh, Chambers, 1884, 
octavo, pages vi., 322. My friend Gardiner 
has edited a favourite boys' book in fine style, 
the illustration, notes, and division into 
chapters being well done. 

"Robinson Crusoe" abridged for use in 
Schools; with illustrations. Bell's Reading 
Books, London, 1897, pages iv., 170. This is 
very much abbreviated. 

Life and most Surprising Adventures of 
Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner, who lived 
eight-and-twenty years in an uninhabited 
inland on the coast of America, near the mouth 
of the great river Oronoko. With an account 
of his deliverance thence and his after surpris- 
ing adventures. London, Whitaker; Edin- 
burgh, Oliver and Boyd, 1818, 177 pages, 12mo., 
frontispiece and other rude engravings, and 
poor paper. 

There are several other editions mentioned 
in our notice of James Crossley's library. The 
issue in demy octavo, printed by Holden, Hali- 
fax, about 1800, for J. Walker, publisher, 
Halifax, demands special mention. It has 
510 pages, with engraved title, and seven quaint 
plates. The book was issued in numbers. Mr. 
Walker also advertises, as issued in numbers, 
a large folio family Bible; the Methodist 
Manual; Simpson's Plea for Religion; Fleet- 
irood's Life of Christ; Baxter n Conversion; 
and Venn's Whole Duty of Man. 

Thomas Gent, the York printer, whilst a 
journeyman labourer in London, issued "The 
Life and most Surprising Adventures of Rob- 
inson Crusoe, of York, mariner. The whole 
thre volumes faithfully abridged and set 
forth with cuts proper to the subject. Lon- 
don, printed by E. Midwinter, 1722, 12mo., 
376 pags. Mr. Davies, York, had a copy. 
There are thirty woodcuts rudely executed 
from Gent's grotesque designs. 



Btranges Aventures 4e Robinson Crusoe, 
avec une Etude sur 1'Auteur, par Battier r 
Paris, 1877. 8vo., elegantly printed on papier 
de Hollande, with 8 coloured illustrations after 
Fesquet, Ac., morocco super extra, uncut, top- 
edges gilt, by Riviere. -2 2s. 

Some notice of De Foe in Halifax will be 
found in the Halifax Congregational Maga- 
zine I. 253. 

Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson 
Crusoe, including an Account of his Ship- 
wreck and Residence for twenty-eight years 
on an unknown Island, &c. Written by him- 
self. Halifax, n.d., 8vo. 

Robinson Crusoe, Chap-book, IB pages, rude 
woodcuts, Leeds, J. Roberts. 
ANONYMOUS. 

"The Authentic and Interesting History of 
Miss Moreton, and the Faithful Cottager, to 
which is added Zara, A Moral Tale. Omnia 
Vincit Amor." Halifax, M. Garliok, 1816, 
12mo., 228 pages. Zara, 88 pages additional. 
M. Garljck, printer of "Zara"; M. Garlick and 
Co., of "Miss Moreton." 

There is an edition dated 1821. 



XCVIII. SOME MORE CLBRGYMEls. 



THE HOYLES. As with the families 
of several other local authors that 
we have named, the Hoylen have re- 
sided in the parish ever since surnames 
were adopted, that is, before 1400, or even 
1300 in many oases. The Hoyles take their 
name from their original place of residence, 
possibly places of residence, for there were 
Hoyles of Hoyle or the Hole in Hipperholme, 
Hoyles of the Hole in Sowerby, besides a 
family similarly named from the Hole in 
Colne Valley. I believe these had not a com- 
iion origin, neither had the Booths of Hali- 
fax and Holmfirth, any more than the numerous 
Smiths, Milners, and Walkers. 

Besides EDMOND HOYLE, whose work on 
"Games" reached numerous editions, claimed 
conclusively by Mr. E. J. Walker, in the 
"Halifax Guardian" Portfolio, as productions 
<f a Halifax man, we hove JOSHUA HOYLE, 
D.D., who was born in Sowerby, educated at 
Magdalene Hall, Oxford, became Fellow of 
Trinity College, Dublin, and Divinity Professor 
there, as well as D.D. In his duties as Pro- 
fessor he expounded all the Bible in daily 
lectures, which lasted fifteen years, and whilst 
this was in progress he took a similar series 
in Trinity College Church, and in ten years 
expounded all the New Testament (except one 
book and part of another), and aH the prophets, 
Solomon and Job. He usually preached three 
times every Lord's Day, and on all holy days. 
He gave a course of lectures in the Bellannine 



178 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Controversy. In 1641, on the outbreak of the 
Irish Rebellion, he returned to England, and 
was made Vicar of Stepney, near London, but 
failed to satisfy his parishioners, being too 
acholastical in his style. He was selected in 
1643 as one of the Assembly of Divines. He 
furnished evidence against Archbishop Laud 
on his trial, on matters that concerned Dub- 
lin University. The Parliamentary Com- 
mittee appointed him Master of University 
College, Oxford, and the King's Professor of 
Divinity. In vindication of his friend Arch- 
bishop Usher, he wrote "A Rejoinder to Wil- 
liam Malone, Jesuit, his reply concerning the 
Real Presence." Dublin, 1641, 662 pages, 
thick quarto. Dr. Hoyle died December 6, 
1654, and was buried in the University Col- 
lege Chapel, demolished soon afterwards, now 
the College quadrangle, Oxford. I find a short 
memoir of him in Reid's "Westminster 
Divines/' II., 45. Paisley, 1815; see also 
Wood, Calamy, and Walker. 

THE GREENWOODS. From the origin of 
surnames in Yorkshire, the Greenwoods have 
resided in Upper Calderdale, taking their 
name from a greenwood near Hepton&tall. 
Besides a famous London Schoolmaster of thus 
name, we must mention at least two famous 
clergymen, as under : 

DANIEL GREENWOOD, D-D., was born in 
the township of Scwerby, became First Fellow, 
and afterward* Principal of Brasen noise '.'ol- 
iege, Oxford, 1648, and Vice-Chancellor of the 
University in 1650 and 1651. He was a great 
supporter of the Parliament, and consequently 
was ejected at the Restoration, 1660. He re- 
ined i .Studley in Oxfordshire, and seem;- U 
have held the rectory, living very privately 
during hit wife's lifetime. Anthony Wood 
reports that he was a severe and good gover- 
nor both as principal and vice-chancellor. The 
doctorship was conferred upon him in 1649- 
On the death of his wife, he resided with his 
nephew, Mr. DANIEL GREENWOOD, rector 
of Steeple Aston, near Dedington, Oxfordshire, 
where he died January 29, 1678, and was buried 
in the chancel there. A monument was erected 
to his memory, the inscription on which is 
copied into Le Neve's Monumenta, I., 167. His 
age was 71. 

The nephew, DANIEL, was son of John 
Greenwood, and was born in Sowerby, became 
scholar of Christ's College, Cambridge, and in 
1648 by favour of his uncle was made Fellow 
of Brazen-nose College, Oxford, several of the 
Fellows having been ejected that year because 
of their attachment to the King. In 1653 he 
was presented to the rectory of Steeple Aston, 
Oxfordshire. He died at Woodstock in 1679, 
and was buried near his uncle, a marble 
tablet commemorating his virtues. He was 51 
years old. He published two sermons : 



(1). A Sermon at Steeple Aston, at the 
Funeral of Mr. Francis Croke of that place, 
August 2nd, 1672, from Isaiah Ivii., 1-2. Ox- 
ford, 1680, quarto. 

(2). A Sermon at the Funeral of Alexander 
Croke, of Studley, in Oxfordshire, Esquire, 
buried at Chilton in Bucks., October 24, 1672, 
from 2 Cor. vi., 7-8. Oxford, 1680, quarto. 

JAMBS GREENWOOD, Sur-Master of St. 
Paul's School, author of the "English Gram- 
mar," was possibly not a Yorkshireman, but 
of longer or shorter ancestory it is certain 
the Greenwoods are of Yorkshire origin. It 
is probably the commonest name in Halifax 
at this day. "London Vocabulary : English 
and Latin, 1767, pages viii., 96, 24mo., illustrat- 
ed with quaint cuts. 15th edition. 

JOHN GREENWOOD, puritan, executed at 
Tyburn in 1593, Query if a Yorkshireman? 
His Answer to Geo. Gyffard is a single leaf. 
A copy is in York Minster Library. A Plaine 
refutation of Giffard's Donatists of England. 
Other works, published collectively. 
REV. WM. GREENWOOD, M.A., Rector of 
Thrapstone, Northants., was son of T. Green- 
wood, Halifax. The Rector's wife died July 
1829, aged 69. 

THE REV. HENRY GREENWOOD is pre- 
sumed to have been a Yorkshireman, and al- 
most as likely to have ben from Halifax 
parish. York Minster Library has four 
pamphlets that he wrote, namely, "The Race 
Celestiall," London, 1628; "The Blessedeet 
Birth that ever was," 1628; "A Joyful Tract- 
ate of the most blessed Baptisme that ever 
was," 1628; "The Jayler's Jayle Deliverie, a 
Sermon," 1628. 

THE DRAKES. From very early times 
the Drakes resided in Shibden-dale, and prob- 
ably took the surname from a drake or 
swampy district there. Of the same famliy 
as the reverend authors connected with Ponte- 
fract, was the REV. FRANCIS DRAKE, who 
lived part of his time in Halifax and died 
there. He was an M.A., and besides a practic- 
al exposition on the Church Catechism, which 
Mr. Watson says was in manuscript, he wrote 
and published "The Nature of Lying, and of 
Moral Truth, set forth in two sermons, from 
Ephesians iv., 25, preached in the Church of 
Halifax. Preceded by a short address to the 
reader. Halifax, P. Darby, 1760, 40 pages, 4to. 

The DRAKE'S DIARY, recording the events 
of the Sieges of Pontefract in the time of 
Charles I., is published in one of the volumes 
of the Surtees Society. Vicar Samuel Drake, 
of Pontefract, was a Shibden man. He pub- 
lished an Assize Sermon, York, 1670. His 
descendants have a long history as clergymen, 
and medical men, and authors at Pontefract 
and York, including Dr. Drake, the York 
historian, and Dr. Nathan Drake of more re- 
cent times, author of "Literary Hours " & c . 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



179 



JOHN DRAKE, vicar of Dunnington, Ripon, 
was a native of Halifax parish, but I am not 
aware that he printed anything. 

NATH. 1>RAKE, M.A., & Vicar of Weighton : 
A Sermon against Bribery; preached July 8, 
1695, in the Cathedral Church of St. Peter in 
York, before the Right Honourable Mr. Justice 
Nevill, and Baron Turton. London, printed 
for W. Kettilby, St. Paul's Church Yard, and 
Francis Hildyard, Bookseller in York, 1695: 
small quarto, 23 pages. Dedication to Ingleby 
Daniel, Esq., High Sheriff of the County of 
York. There is a copy in York Minster 
Library, and I have one. 

WILLIAM DRAKE, M.A., Rector of Full 
Sutton, Chaplain to Lord Viscoiint Blaney. 

A Sermon preach'd at Hatfield, October 6, 
1745, on occasion of the present Troubles at 
Home and Abroad." York, printed for John 
Hildyard, 1745, 6d., 32 pages octavo. Dedicated 
to the Archbishop of York, the Lord Lieuten- 
ant (Earl of Malton), Wm. Simpson, Esq., and 
the rest of the Worthy Gentlemen, Deputy 
Lieutenants of the West Riding. It 
is against the Rebellion and Roman- 
iffln. I have a copy of this sermcu, and there 
is one in the Minster Library, York. 

DR. FAVOUR. A memorial of Dr. John 
Favour, Vicar of Halifax, born at Southamp- 
ton in January, 1556-7, is preserved there in 
the Hartley Institute. It is a copy of the first 
edition of the authorised version of the Bible, 
giving Exodus xiv., 10 twice over, and bears 
an inscription signed by John Favour, July, 
1612, which shews that he presented it to his 
native town, "that it may be chayned to a 
deske in the Councell Chamber of the Audit- 
house for the edification of those that shall 
reade therein, as also by the sight thereof the 
good Magistrates may be put in mind of Mercy 
and Judgement, and to doe all things to God's 
glorie and in love to their brethren." 

The REV. ISAAC SMITH was son of the 
Rev. Matthew Smith, of Mixenden, but un- 
like his father and brother he conformed. I 
have copies of the only two publications he 
issued, and they are of the extremest rarity; 
in fact I do not know of anv others- 

"THE TRADITIONS OF THE CHURCH no 
way destructive of Religion, a SERMON 
preach'd at Bingley Church on Sunday, Sep- 
tember 12, 1731. By Is. Smith, Minister of 
Haworth, near Keighley, Yorkshire. London, 
Jer. Batley, printer, 1731, 6d., small quarto, 
pages iv., 21. "To Richardson Ferrand, Esq., 
Sir, The great Esteem I always had for your 
Merit, both as a Gentleman and a Scholar, 
ever since I had the happiness of your Ac- 
quaintance, makes me lay hold on every op- 
portunity of shewing it; and as the following 
Sermon happen'd to be preach'd before you, 
I beg leave to Dedicate it to one who knows 
both how to Approve or Censure it according 



to the Rules of right Reason and Judgment. 
I am, Sir, Your most humble and devoted 
Servant, Isaac Smith." 

The second pamphlet was given to me by 
my venerable and deceased friend Canon riul- 
bert, of Almondbury, 

"A Letter to the People of Haworth Parish, 
by Isaac Smith, M.A.; occasioned by His 
late Suspension." London, 1739, no printer's 
name, pages viii., 56, octavo. Mr. Smith had 
offended the authorities by marrying couples 
who came beyond his chapelry; a few further 
accounts may be seen in my "Haworth Past 
and Present," and page 229, note, "Halifax 
Congregational Magazine, I." 

PETER SUNDERLAND'S Lectureship, 
Bradford Church. Samuel and Peter Sunder- 
land, of Coley Hall, were benefactors to many 
churches in the West Riding. Mr. A. B. 
Sewell, Bradford Parish Church, has a pamph- 
let of 33 pages quarto, entitled: "A Letter 
to the Rev. Dr. Legh, Vicar of Halifax, re- 
lating to the present misunderstanding be- 
tween the Vicar of Bradford and his Lecturer. 
By B. Kennet, A.M., Vicar of Bradford. 
Leeds, John Hirst, 1733. 

Mr. John Lister had been appointed tem- 
porarily in the place of Mr. Hill, deceased, as 
master of the Bradford Grammar School. 
Mr. Lister, however, succeeded to the School 
at Bury, and Mr. Butler to the Bradford 
School. The Vicar objected to the claim there- 
by made to the Lectureship. Reprinted in 
"Bradford Antiquary," July, 1905. 

REV. HENRY FOSTER, M.A., wa s the 
youngest of five sons of a shallon manufactur- 
er near Heptonstall, and was born in 1745. 
When * he was seventeen he had a severe in- 
fectious complaint, and his father died from 
the same disease at that time. Henry was 
educated at Heptonstall School, and in 1764 
proceeded to Queen's College, Oxford, where 
his tutor, Dr. Fothergill, guarded and educated 
him. In 1767, September, he was ordained 
deacon by the Bishop of London, and priest 
two years later, in both cases by titles from 
Mr. Romaine of Blackfriars' Church, whom 
he assisted. Mr. Newton, of Olney, Cowper's 
friend, strongly urged Mr. Foster to become 
assistant at Olney, but he preferred to re- 
main in London, and accepted the Lectureship 
of St. Ethelburga, Bishopgate Street, chang- 
ing the same shortly afterwards for a similar 
post at Blackfriars Churches. On resigning 
this post and the curacy many years later he 
received a piece of plate a* "A Token of 
Gratitude from the parish of St. Andrew- 
Wardrobe, London, to the Rev. Henry Foster 
for his faithful discharge of the duties of 
Curate and Lecturer for more than twenty 
years." About 1769 he had been chosen a 
preacher at Watling Street Church, and in 
1774 at London Stone Church, and in 1775 at 



180 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



St. Peter's, Cornhill. He was also Co-minister 
with Mr. Cecil at Lothbury, and for twelve 
years (the maximum limit) he was lecturer 
at Spitalfields. With these engagements, it 
was his custom to average from five to eight 
sermons weekly. He had offers of livings at 
Clapham, in Surrey, and other good posts. 
In 1807 he was licensed by Bishop Porteus to 
St. James', Clerkenwell. He laboured in- 
dustriously until his death, May 26th, 1814, 
aged 69, and a tablet was erected in the 
Church to his Memory. He published nothing 
of his own but a sermon preached in New- 
gate to Malefactors, some of whom manifested 
utter callousness during its delivery. He also 
edited an edition of Leighton's Exposition of 
St. Peter. Mr. Newton's Life of Grimehaw is 
not inappropriately addressed in the form of 
letters to Mr. Foster. The "Evangelical Maga- 
zine" for February, 1815, gives a eulogistic 
memoir, with a portrait, of our local worthy. 
REV. HENRY FOSTER. M.A., Minister of 
St. James'. Clerkenwell. "The Bible Preacher, 
or Closet Companion for every day in the year, 
consisting of 365 Outlines of Sermons in a 
aeries from Genesis to Revelations, together 
with six complete sermons, printed from hia 
own manuscripts; with memeir by Rev. S. 
Piggott, A.M." London, 1824, small octavo 
size, pages xxxvi., 676. There is a very email 
subscription list, with only two Halifax names 
and perhaps the Rev. W. Sutcliffe, Amotherby, 
near Malton, was a native of the parish. The 
memoir of Foster is very interesting. He was 
born at Heppinetall (Heptonstall) in the begin- 
ning of 1745, educated at Heptonstall School 
until January, 1764, when he entered Queen's 
College, Oxford. His father was a shalloon 
manufacturer, who died of a fever, and left a 
widow with five sons and a daughter, about 
1762. Mr. Henry Foster published a sermon 
preached at Newgate, and edited Leighton's 
Exposition of St. Peter. He died May 26, 1814, 
aged 69. His portrait, though taken by stealth,' 
is considered a good one. 



XCIX. SOME MORE! CLERGYMEN. 



RRV. WILLIAM GRJMSHAW. "Memoirs of 
the late Rev. William Grimshaw, A.B., minis- 
ter of Haworth, with occasional reflections; by 
John Nervton, Rector of St. Mary Woolnoth; 
in six letters to the Rev. Henry Foster, Minis- 
ter of St. James's, Clerkenwell." London. 
1814; pages iii., 159, email octavo. A pirated 
edition was rudely printed on coarse paper at 
Haworth by Greenwood many years afterwards. 
The Rev. H. Foster was a native of Hepton- 
Atall. I have also the edition printed in Lon- 
don in 1799, 187 pages, for the Society for the 



Relief of poor, pious Clergymen of the Estab- 
lished Church; sold by Edwards and Son. 
Halifax; Stanafield, 'Bradford; Binns and 
Brown, Leeds; l)2mo., pagee iii., 187. Grim- 
shaw wae born ait Brindle near Preston Sept. 
3, 170a He became deacon in 1731 and settled 
at Todmorden. In 1742 he removed to Haworth. 
He died April 7, 1763, and was buried at Lwd- 
denden; the REV. HENRY VENN, Vicar of 
Huddersfield, preached his funeral sermon 
there, and next day (Sunday) ait Haworth. I 
have a copy of it. He had been married twice, 
and his only son died without iseue in 1765, 
whose widow married for her third husband 
the REV. JOHN CROSSE, of Cross-stone. The 
Religious Tract Society iseue a tract by Grim 
shaw (No. 261), "Is it well with you?' ; 

"William Grimehaw, Incumbent of Haworth,, 
1742-63, by R. SPENCE HARDY." London, 
1860, pages vii., 287, octavo. A second edition 
in 1861- 

" Christ the Joy of the Christian's 
Life and Death his Gain; a sermon preached 
April 10, (1763), in Haworth Church on the 
Death of the Rev. William Grimshaw, A.B., 
Minister of the Parish, and published at the 
request of hie Friends. To which is added a 
Sketch of his Life and Ministry; by H. VENN, 
AS.M., Vicar of Huddersfield," 36 pages, octavo, 
Leeds, G. Wright, 1763. "The Life and Writ- 
ings of the late Rev. William Grimshaw, A.B., 
Minister of Haworth; by WILLIAM MYLES." 
London, 1813. The first edition was iseued in 
1806 from Newcastle on Tyne, 199 pagee, 12m o. 
"Life of Charles Wesley, by Thomas Jackion," 
2 vols., 8vo., gives copious notices of Grimshaw, 
as does Timothy Crowther in his "Methodist 
Manual." "An Answer to a Sermon lately pub- 
lished against the Methodists by the Rev. 
George White, A.M., Minister of Colne and 
Marsden; by Mr. William Grimehaw, B.A., 
Minister of Haworth; 86 pages, 12mo. This is 
reprinted by Myles. 

The Religious Tract Society has a Memoir 
of Grimshaw in their biographical series. 

Mr. Grimshaw also supplied an account 
of the Origin and Growth of Methodism in 
West Ytorkehire to Dr. Gilliee, Glasgow, and 
M appears in the Appendix to the Luctor's 
Historical Collections. 

THE REV. JOHN CROSSE, Cross-stone 
Church. "The Parish Priest pourtrayed in the 
Life, Chararter and Ministry of the Rev. John 
Croeee, A.M., late Vicar of Bradford, and 
Chaplain to Barl de la Warr ; by the Rev. 
William Morgan, B.A., Christ Church, Brad- 
ford. Bradford (1841), octavo, pages xxiv., 228. 
portrait as frontispiece. Mr. Crosse, "the blind 
Vicar of Bradford,'' was born in London in 
1739, educated at BCadley near Barnet, a place 
that brings to my mind a day's outing them 
Inl816,he became incumbent of Cross-stone and 
Todmorden. Mr. Grimshaw had left Todmor- 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



181 



den in 1742 for Haworth. Hifl son had married 
a lady named Gibson, of Bridgeroyd, near 
Todmorden, and after hie death she married 
a Mr. Sutcliffe, father of Mr. W. Sutcliffe, of 
Bath, who had two volumes of Mr. Crosse' s 
Manuscript diaries and notes. Mrs. Sutcliffe, 
his mother, married for her third husband 
Mr. Crosse. She possessed several relics of the 
famous Haworth incumbent, including a large 
bible used by Mr. Crosse afterward* in the 
Bradford Church pulpit. After six years at 
Cross-stone and ten at White Chapel, Cleck- 
heaton, Mr. Crosse became Vicar of Bradford 
in 1784. He re-printed a tract on "A Serious 
Address to persons presenting a child to be 
baptized" which had been written by the Rev. 
John Scott, of Hull. Mr. Morgan republished 
it in 1838. Mr. Crosse in 1816 had Mr. John 
Fennell for a curate at Bradford). Mr. js'en- 
nell, near kinsman of Mrs. Bronte, became 
Incumbent of Cross-stone. Mr. Croase publish- 
ed several easy little books for children, the 
largest being "An Attempt to assist youth in 
the great and important work of Religion, 
containing select passages of prayers, &c., 
particularly recommended for the use of Sun- 
day Schools." Mr. Raikes' second letter ex- 
planatory of Sunday Schools was written to 
Bradford, presumably to Mr. Crosse. 

"Attempt to Assist Youth in Beligion. For use 
in Sunday Schools," 24mo., 47 pages, Bradford, 

1797. Another edition, 12mo., 140 pages had 
been previously issued, and a 12mo. edition, 
47 pages, was printed in Bradford, in 1619. 

Mr. Crosse died in 1816; his funeral 
sermon was delivered by the REV. JOHN 
FENNELL, "Funeral Sermon on the Rev. 
John Crosse. late Vicar of Bradford, June 23, 
1816"; 28 pages octavo, Bradford, 181ft 
"Elegy on the Rev. John Crosse, A.M., late 
Vicar of Bradford," 8vo., 44 pages, Bradford, 
1816. Memoir of the Rev. John Crosse, A.M., 
Vicar of Bradford, by the Rev. Wm. W. 
Stamp, is in the "Wesleyan Methodist Maga- 
zine," 1844, in which we are told that Mr. 
Croese published, about 1791*, a pamphlet in 
reply to the scurrilous attacks of Mr. BaJd- 
wyn, "A Letter to the Inhabitants of the 
Town and Parish of Bradford." He also 
issued somjB time before his death an Appeal 
to the parishioners. He was author of a 
pamphlet in Defence of the Church; entitled 
"A Reply to Objections brought against the 
Church of England," Bradford, 8vo., 26 pages, 

1798. Congratulatory Address to the Rev. 
John Crosse, on his spiritual health, &c., Ac., 
197 pages, 1791, scurrilous tract by "Trim" 
(Rev, Edward Baldwyn). Letter to the In- 
habitants of Bradford, in reply to "Trim," 
pages vi., 58, 1791, Bradford. 



REV. ALFRED BROWN, M.A. 

(For the Parishioners of Oalverley.) A 
Reminiscence of the Ministry of the Rev. Al- 
fred Brown, M.A., for thirty-one years the 
faithful and beloved Vicar of the Parish. 
Leeds, 1877. This pamphlet was gra- 
tuitously distributed by Mra Jane Brown 
as a memorial of her husband, and I was fav- 
oured with several copies. The first xii. pages 
give a brief memoir, the rest give outlines of 
seven sermons, out of above 2,500 in manu- 
script. His first sermon as curate of Calverley 
was delivered August 16, 1839, and his iaet as 
curate was on December 26, 1841. He then be- 
came incumbent of Cross-stone, which he re- 
linquished in 1845, having succeeded his father- 
in-law, the Rev. S. Redhead, as Vicar of Oal- 
verley, where he continued until his death. A 
more general favourite, as Vicar of a Pariah, 
I never heard of, and I found him to be in 
every respect thorough gentleman, when, al- 
though a stranger, and non-parishioner, he 
gave me from 1873 onwards unlimited access to 
the Calverley Parish Registers. From dates 
1568 to 1812, I copied all the Idle, Thackley, 
Wrose and Windhill entries without any let 
or idea of payment, and this labour so excited 
the curiosity of the Clerk's son, my then young 
friend Mr. Samuel Margerison, that he began 
to copy the oldest books and printed them in 
three volumes. He has since done much anti- 
quarian research and scarcely less as an accom- 
plished botanist. Our esteemed friend Vicar 
Brown died in December, 1876. "Two Sermons 
preached in the Parish Church of Calverley 
by the Right Rev. Bishop Ryan, D.D., Vicar 
of Bradford, and the ReTv Henry Arnold 
Favell, M.A., Sheffield, on the Death of the 
Beloved Vicar of this Parish." Bradford, H. 
Gaskarth, 1877, 33 pages, small octavo. Mr. 
Brown was a native of Leeds. 

A small 2-tmo. pamphlet of a Children's Ad- 
dress by Mr. Brown was also privately printed 
by his widow for distribution to the children 
of Calverley. I have a copy. 

CHARLES ROGERS, Incumbent of Sowerby 
Bridge. "Memoir of Thomas Rogers, A.M." 
Wakefield, 1832, small octavo, pages xiii., 248- 
The Rev. Thomas Rogers was Chaplain at 
Wakefield Prison; his son, the author of the 
memoir, kept a private school at Sowerby 
Bridge, or rather took private pupils to board. 

"Memoir of the REV. J. W. DEW, Incum- 
bent of St. James's, Halifax. H. Martin, "Ex- 
press" Office, Tipper George Yard, Halifax, 
1836, 64 pages, diminutive 64mo. John Worgan 
Dew, born Feb. 7, 1797, at Coleford, Gloucester- 
shire, was prepared for ordination by the Rev. 
John Heslop, Haxby Hall, York. In December, 
1824, he became curate at Wigginton, York. In 
1826, June, he was appointed curate at Round 
hay under the Rev. Charles Musgrave, and in 
December, Chaplain to Viscount Strathallan 



182 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



He had married Anne daughter of Mr. Croft 
Wormald, of Harrogate. His next curacy was 
at Whitkirk, and in 1831, Autumn, he was pre- 
sented to St. James's. Halifax, by Mr. Mus- 
grave, Vicar of Halifax. St. James's Church 
was consecrated September 22nd, 1831, and 
Mi 1 . Dew came January 1st, 1832. He died 
September 5, 1834, and the congregation placed 
a tablet to his memory in the Church. 

"A Brief Memoir of the REV. JOHN 
FEiARBY HASLAM, B.A., St. John's 
College, Cambridge, Late Principal of 
the Church Missionary Institution, Cotta, 
Ceylon ; with a preface by the 
Ven. Archdeacon Hill." London, J857, 
small octavo, pages xv., 136, frontispiece of the 
Institution. Archdeacon Hill dates from Scar- 
borough, July, 1856. Mr. Haalam was oorn m 
the neighbourhood of Halifax, June 13, 1811, 
and was educated at Heath School until 1825, 
when he was placed under the tuition of the 
Eev. J. W. Brooks, East Retford, but in 1828 
his father died asnd he returned to Yorkshire 
nder the tuition of the Rev. W. H. Bull, of 
Sowerby. He enteied St. John's, Cambridge, 
in 1832. He had established an evening school 
t Sowerby Croft for youths, two miles from 
his home, and startefl a religious mission at 
Norland. In 1837 he married, at Chesterfield, 
Miss Denton, who prepared to join him in 
missionary work. In 1838 they sailed to 
Ceylon, and he quickly mastered Singhalese 
sufficiently to address audiences, and began 
Sanscrit. In 1843 he translated Mill's Life of 
Christ from Sanscrit into English and from 
English into Singhalese, and part of it was 
published for use in the schools. The rest 
was set aside to give place to his revision of 
the Singhalese Bible. In 1845 he compiled an 
Arithmetic for the Institution and a vocabul- 
ary in Singhalese and English, explaining Eng- 
lish grammar, for students learning English. 
He translated Watts' Catechism of Scripture 
jjistory for the use of the Schools, and wrote 
sermons on the Apostles' Creed for Catechiste, 
He was also the means of erecting some native 
churches. He died' March 19th, 1850. The 
Memoir was edited or written by the Rev. W. 
Knight, Secretary of the 1 Church l "Missionary 
Society. 

THE REV. GEORGE BURNETT, incumbent 
of Elland', died on J,uly 8th, 1793, aged 58. lie 
was a convert under the evangelical labonre of 
3t'r. Walker', of Truro. He? became curta'e to 
?{r. Venn, Vicar of Huddfisfield. He was pre 
sented 1 'to the living of Elland by Dr. Legh, 
Vicar of Halifax. The people of Elland -were 
at that time described as remarkably rough', 
and inimical to he Qospel. Mr. -Burnett 'tet- 
gan a Wednesday evening "service; visited f rota 
house to house, and/ started cottage .. 
~te expended, an ample fortune in d 

L '~ L T, and his' holiness ; of life was e 



dinary. He was not so tolerant of dissenters 
as Mr. Venn. He was author of a Catechism, 
(Halifax Congregational Magazine, II., 273). 

REV. G. NICHOLSON, Assistant Curate of 
St. Anne's and St. John's, Halifax; author of 
a "Vindication of the Divine Authority 
of the Holy Scriptures; addressed to Deists, 
&c.; he also published 

The Practical Knowledge of Christ essential 
to the Christian; enforced in a Sermon upon 
John xiv. 9, and preached in the Parish Church 
of St. John's, Halifax, February 5, 1809. Man- 
chester, for the Author, 1809, 18 pages octavo. 

"The Patience of the Church. A Sermon 
preached in the Parish Church of Halifax, 
Friday, September 3, 1847, at the Triennial 
Visitation of the Lord Bishop of Ripon, by 
JOHN BURNET, LL.D., Rural-Dean, Vicar of 
Bradford." Bradford, 1847, demy octavo, 16 
pagea. 

REV. E. M. HALL, M.A., Curate of Preston. 

"A Farewell Discourse preached in the 
Parish Church of Preston, Lancashire, on Sun- 
day, March 12, 1826." Halifax, 36 pages, demy 
octavo. The Rev. Edward Moorhouee Hall be- 
came incumbent of Idle, and possibly was a 
curate within the old Halifax parish. I have 
a large framed portrait of him, three-quartere, 
lithographed by Day, of London 

REV. JOSHUA FAWCETT, M.A., Incum- 
bent of Wibsey, Chaplain to Lord Radstock. 
(See his History of Heptonstall Church, ante.) 
"Ministerial Faithfulness promotive of Minis- 
terial ' Success. A Sermon preached at the 
Visitation of the Lord Bishop of Ripon, in the 
Parish Church of (St. Peter's?) Halifax, Sep- 
tember 10, 1850. ' Bradford,' 1850, 2d., 19 pages 
octaivo. 

There is a funeral sermon on Canon Fawcett 
preached by the REV. R. JTJDD, of Rastrick 
and Halifax, printed in 1865. 

The REV. A. J. HARRISON, B.D., of Light- 
cliffe Church, has issued several volumes, one 
of which is entitled "An Eventful Life," pub- 
lished by Oassell and Co., London. This auto- 
biography, and his other publications must be 
passed over at present. His "Ascent of Faith" 
was published in 1893. 



C.--SOME MORE CLE1RGYMEN. 

REV. JOHN BOYLE, Incumbent of Brig- 
house, was the author of 

"The Mutual Obligation of Minister and 
People, stated and enforced, with prefatory re- 
marks touching a presentment 1 of the Churchl 
warden of Brighouse at the Second Triennial 
Visitation of the tord Bishop of Ripon, held 
at^Halifax an Tuesday, July ft, 1841." Wolver- 
hamptbn, 18*fc' 12 pag&;- ; ^dressed to the 
<rf Brighouse; in ' Vhich ' he ablv 

:*< v:*-r, .1 -; .,!:, Iv H}j" 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



183 



defends himself against a charge of neglecting 
funerals in June and July, 18H, the Rev. H. 
Itustiold, of Coley, being hie deputy. He states 
ne had been upwards of twelve years in Orders. 
The real pamphlet to which the twelve pages 
just deM'ribfd are prefixed, bears for title 
"The Mutual Obligation of Ministers stated 
and enforced: A Sermon, May 7, 1837, when 
opening an Evening Service at the Collegiate 
(.'luui-h, Wolverhampton, by the Eev. John 
Boyle, B.C.L., one of the ministers of the said 
church. Wolverharapton, 20 pages, (1837.) 

This pamphlet announces three other worts 
by Mr. Boyle: Sermons, on Leading Points of 
Doctrine and Duty, 2nd edition, 12mo., 5s. 6d.; 
Ki>lij,'ion the basis of National Security, Is.; 
Truth of Christianity from Agrippa's Confes- 
sion to St. Paul, Is. Also, to be published in 
a few days*(1837), Reasons for preferring the 
Worship of the Established Ghurch, 6d. In 
Halifax Free Library there is "Confirmation, 
its Object and Obligations explained," by the 
Rev. John Boyle, Incumbent of Brigtiouse. 
Halifax, 1841. 

JOHN PHILLIPS, M.A., of Pembroke Col- 
lege, Oxford, sometime Assistant Curate of 
Brighouse, published: (1) "The Signs and 
Duties of the Times: A Sermon preached in 
Brighouse Church, July 30. 1848. Published 
by request." Brighouse, E. S. Keir, 1848, 16 
pages. (2) He refers to a discourse that he had 
preached to them, and published, in Autumn, 
1846, on prophetical matters unfulfilled. (3) 
"The Lord's Hand lifted up : A Sermon preach- 
ed at Brighouse Church, September 28, 1849, 
$eing the Fast specially observed as a Season 
of Humiliation on Account of the Prevalence 
of Cholera Morbus, by the appointment of the 
Lord Bishop of Ripon.'' Brighouse, E. S. 
Keir, Commercial Buildings, 1849, 12 pages. 
The whole of the money arising from the sale 
will be given to the Church Missionary Society. 
Dedication to the Rev. Joseph Birch, M.A., 
Incumbent. He condemns Sunday postal 
business and grants to Romanist purposes. 
"Reminiscences of the Rev. John Phillips, 
sometime Assistant Curate of Brighouse. By 
RBV. GEORGE SOWDEN, M.A., Vicar of 
Hebden Bridge, and Rural Dean of Halifax." 
Halifax, Whitley and Booth (1892), 15 pages 
crown octavo. Canon Sowden, a native of Sut- 
oliffe Wood Bottom, Lightcliffe, sent me a couple 
of copies of this pamphlet. I am not sure 
whether Canon Sowedn printed anything elee, 
except a localized Magazine for his parish, in 
which he gives some Bronte reminiscences. He 
!><-! n - his notice of Mr. Phillips by stating 
there is a marble tablet near the vestry door, 
Brighouse Church "In memory of the Rev. 
John Phillips, M.A. ,of Pembroke College, Ox- 
ford, late Curate of Brighouse, who died Dec- 
ember 21st, 1851, aged 39 years. One that fear- 
ed God and. eschewed evil." Five years after 



resigning his post at Brighouse he died. "He 
was absolutely unique," in having and follow- 
ing a way of his own. Like Mr. Birch, his 
Vicar, he was an Evangelical of the Evange- 
licals, and was too independent to have full 
charge of a living, because some things he 
would not do. We get little glimpses of Mr. 
Sowden's training in this sketch, when he was 
curate eight years at Stainland, and eight more 
at Houghton-le-Spring. After a holiday in 
Italy, Mr. Phillips decided to master the 
Italian language, and, to enable him to con- 
verse with someone, he taught his housekeeper 
a little of it. Th Rev. Wm. Fryer, of Brig- 
house, and the Rev. Henry Deck, of Halifax, 
stayed with him one night and found him in 
surplice and hood next morning, ready to con- 
duct most literally family prayer, and to aid 
in the singing, he played the violin. 

Rev. E(dward) J(ackson) LOWE, M.A., 
Curate of Brighouse, published a tract on 
"Harry and Jack, or a Conversation between 
a Yorkshire stonemason and liis friend about 
the Bible." Keir, printer, Brighouse, 1855, Id. 

REV. WM. ROBT. MORRISON, M.A-, 
(Curate of Brighouse). 

1. Yoke of Bondage, a Sermon on the Ter- 
centenary of Queen Elizabeth's Accession; 
November 21, 1858, delivered in Brighouse 
Parish Church; Brighouse, J. and A. Rush- 
worth, 15 pages. 

2. "The Thoughtless Young Man." First of 
four addresses to Young Men, delivered in th? 
Parish Church of Brighouse, January 3, 1858; 
Brighouse, Rushworths, 10 pages. 

3. "Sin." Second Address, January 10, 1858; 
11 pages. 

4. "Morality not Religion, or the First and 
Great Commandment. The Third of a Series 
of Four Addresses to Young Men, preached in 
the Parish Church, Brighouse, Sunday, Janu- 
ary 17, 1858. Brighouse, J. and A. Rushworth, 
11 pages. 

5. "The Christian Young Man," fourth ad- 
dress, January 24, 1858; 10 pages. 

6. "Christian Privileges, a fifth and last ad.- 
dress, January 31, 1858; 12 pages. 

7. "Treasure Rightly used, a Farewell Ser- 
mon preached at Brighouse, September 25 
1859, by the Rev. W. Robt. Morrison, M.A.'. 
Incumbent of St. James', Halifax, on resigning 
the Curacy of Brighouse. Brighouse, J. ana 
A. R-uflhwortb, 1859; 15 pages. Probably Mr. 
Morrison printed others at Halifax. 

RET.' DAVID MEREDITH, late Incumbent 
of Elland. "An Address on Confirmation?' 
Fifth edition. Huddersfield, J. E. Wheatley, 
16 pages, small octavo, no date 

REV. J. GILDERDALE, M.A., Lecturer of 
the Parish Church, Halifax. 

"A Letter to the Right Hon. Lord Brougham 
on National Education." Huddersfield J 
Brook, printer, 1838, 28 pages, demy octavo 



184 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



' ' Vn Essay on Natural Religion and Revela- 
tion," post octavo, 7s. 6d,, 1837. A copy is in 
Halifax Free Library. 

In the press: "A Course of Family Prayers 
for one month." This was issued in 1838. A 
copy is in the Halifax Free Library. 

WILLIAM EDWARD CHAPMAN, Vicar of 
"St. Mary's, Sowerby. 

<r The Believer's Expectation: A bermon 
preached in the Church of St. Bartholomew, 
Ripponden, March 23, 1873. London, 16 pages, 
octavo, no date This is a Funeral Sermon, 
or rather a Memorial Sermon, (for Funeral 
Sermons were formerly preached on the day 
of the funeral,) in remembrance of Margaret, 
wife of the Rev. James Sanders, M.A., In- 
cumbent of Ripponden, who died March 12th, 
1873, aged 69 years. Mr. Sanders had just re- 
signed his incumbency after 26 years' service. 

REV. WILLIAM GILLMOR, M,A., Perpetual 
Curate of Illingworth. 

"The TJnity of the Church; an Essay." 
Halifax, Leyland and Son, 1840, pages xi., 63, 
duodecimo. Dedication to Bishop Longley. 
The historical notes are very interesting. 

"National Sin the Cause of National Judg- 
ment: A Sermon preached in lllingworth 
Church, March 24, 1847, (the Fast day). Hali- 
fax, Leyland and Son, 1847, 24 pages, 12mo. 
In it are advertised 'The Pue System,' a Letter 
to the Ven. Archdeacon of Craven, and "The 
Unity'' as above. 

"The Preface to Croly's New Interpretation 
of the Apocalypse was published as a reprint 
by permu'won. at N. Whitley's, Crown Street, 
ijx 1829." 

REV. JAMES GRATRIX. M.A., Incumbent 
of St. James's Church, Halifax. 

"The Little Horn of Daniel's Fourth Beast 
identified with the Papacy. A Sermon at St. 
James's, Advent Sunday, December 1st, 1850." 
Halifax, Whitley and Booth, 1850, 20 pages, 
demy octavo. In the Halifax Free Library is 
another pamphlet, octavo, by Mr. Gratrix, It 
was printed at Halifax in 1843, but I have not 
the title at hand. 

WILLIAM WILLMOTT, M.A., Curate of 
Halifax. 

"A Sermon preached in the Parish Church, 
Halifax, Sunday, December 21, 1817, being an 
affectionate tribute to the memory of Henry 
William Coulthurst, D.D., late Vicar of Hali- 
fax." Halifax, Is., M. Garlick, 1818, demy 
octavo, 24 pages. The inscriptions on the 
monuments in the Parish Church and in 
Trinity Church are neatly written on the fly 
leaf, lithographs. 

REV. FREDERICK RUSSELL, M.A., of Six 
Mary Hall, Oxford; and Incumbent of Trinity 
Church, Halifax. 

"Popery ! and the Duty of Adhering to the 
Principles of the Reformation : A Serin on 



preached at Trinity Church, Halifax, Novem- 
ber 5, 1839. Halifax, Leyland and Son, 1839, 
octavo, pages iv., 64. This is a beautiful speci- 
men of LeylanoV paper and typex 

"A Harmony of the Evangelical History of 
the Sufferings, Death, Burial, &c., of Jesus 
Christ, in which the Narrative of the Four 
Evangelists are arranged in Parallel Columns"; 
demy octavo, 2s. volume, pages xii., 48. Hali- 
fax, Leyland, 1839. There is a page of adver- 
tisements mentioning Mr. Russell's works. 

"A Catechism of the Christian Religion, 
translated from Catechismus Heidelbergensie," 
1828, 12mo., 3s. 

"An Analysis of the Second Decade of Livy," 
1828, octavo, 5s. 6d. 

"England Prepare," a General Fast Sermon, 
Southampton, 1832, octavo, Is. 

"The Family Lecturer; Short Expositions 
of Scripture; Part I." Southampton, 1835, 
octavo, Is. 6d. A second volume announced. 

"First Annual Report of the Eomsey District 
Visiting Society." Romsey, 1834, octavo, 6d. 

"God's Free Grace in Man's Redemption; 
Farewell Sermon at Romsey, March, 1834. 
Romsey, 1834, octavo, 3s. 6d. 

Preparing for the press in two vols., 8vo., 
"A Preservative against Re-union with the 
Church of Rome.' 

JAMES FRANKS, A.M., of Halifax, Chap- 
lain to the Earl of Hopetoun. 

"Sacred Literature, or Remarks upon the 
Book of Genesis, collected and arranged to pro- 
mote the knowledge and evince the excellnce 
of the Holy Scriptures. Halifax, printed for 
the aiithor by Holden and Dowson, 1802, large 
octavo, pages xxxii., 33 480. There is a goodly 
list of subscribers, including a large sprink- 
ling of Halifax book-buyers, larger than a 
Halifax clergyman would find to-day probably. 
This list is interesting, as mentioning local 
worthies of a century ago; the Alexanders, Mr. 
Asserati, of Hipperhiolme School, the Bates', 
Rev. Thomas Burton, Rastrick, Vicar Coult- 
hurst, Vicar Crosse of Bradford, Capt. Dearden, 
Drakes of Ashday, Edwards of Pye Nest, Rev. 
John Fawcett of Ewood, and Rev. John Fawcett 
(junior) Bwood, Freeman of Cromwell bottom. 
Rev. Thos. Hawkins, Warley, Horsfalls, of 
Halifax and Huddersfield, Rev. Thos. Howorth 
of Idle, Rev. E. Hoyle of Stockport Grammar 
School, the Ingrams, Kershaws, Rev. Samuel 
Knight, Lees, Listers, Mellins, Milne, Mitchell, 
Rev. A. Moss of Illingworth, Rev. J. Moss of 
Sowerby, Major Nicholls, Ella.nd, Rev. Joseph 
Ogden, Sowerby, i'rieetleys, Capt. Ramsden of 
Halifax, Rawsons, Eush'forths of Elland, Rev. 
Thos. Sutcliffe, Luddenden, Rev. J. Swaine. 
Farnley, Wainhouses, Walkers of Crow Nest, 
Waterhouses, Rev. John Watson of Coley, Rev. 
R Webster of Ripponden, Rev. W. Willmott 
of Halifax, and many others. The book itself 
is interesting and instructive 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



"The Pious Mother; or Evidences for Heaven. 
Written in 1650 by Mrs. Thomasfcn Head for 
the benefit of her children. Published from 
the original MS. by Jamee Franks, A.M., and 
Curate of Halifax. Printed for the Author, and 
sold by Edwards, London; Edwards and Son, 
Halifax; Binns, Leeds; Brooke, Hudderefield; 
no date, 119 pages, 12mo. The work had been 
previously sent to Vol. 2 of the Theological 
Miscellany by Mn Franks. 

His son, the RBV. J. C. FRANKS, Vicar of 
Huddersfield, also comes within our scope as an 
author. 

RBV. J. H. WARNFORD, M.A., Incumbent 
of All Saints, Halifax, published, interalia, 

"Right Choice, being Thoughts on Luke x., 
42." Halifax, 1862. 

"An Urgent Question, being Thoughts on I. 
Kings, xviii., 21." Halifax, 1865. 

"Search, being Thoughts on John v.. 39." 
Halifax, 1866. 

"Rest for the Weary; Thoughts on Matt xi., 
28." Halifax, 1671. 

"The Great Name, or Thoughts for Christ- 
mas; Matt, i., 21." Halifax, 1872. 

"Triple Welcome; Thoughts on Rev. xxii., 
17." Halifax, 1873. 

"What Think ye of Christ. Matt, xxii., 41." 
Halifax, 1875.. 

"The Great Gift, a Tract for Christmas." 
Halifax, 1876. 

RBV. WM. EDENSOR LITTLEWOOD, Head 
Master of Hipperholme Grammar School, after- 
wards Vicar of St. Thomas's, Finebury Park. 

' A Garland from the Parables." 

' Essentials of English History." 

'Essentials of New Testament History." 

' Story of the Wanderer." 

' Down in Dingbyshire." 

' Visitation of the Poor/' 

' Bible Biographies." 

' Lovely in their Lives." 

Also many articles in the R3ligious Tract 
Society's list, &o. These titles I got from him 
in April, 1882; additions are needed. 

REV. JOHN HENRY GOOCH, M.A., Halifax 
Grammar School 

What should National Education be? The 
Inaugural Address delivered at the First Meet- 
ing of the Halifax Church School Teachers' As- 
sociation March 18, 1854. 

Apostolic Minis-try and its Work; a Sermon 
preached at the Visitation of the Ven. Arch- 
deacon of Craven, in the Parish Church of 
Halifax, May 23, 1855 Halifax, 1855. 

Sons of God here, Sons of Glory hereafter; a 
Sermon preached in Ellund Church. Halifax, 
1850. 



CI. SOME MORE CLERGYMEN. 



REV. R. BAYFIELD. "The Work of an 
Evangelist, a Sermon preached in Halifax 
Parish Church, Friday, June 19, 1846." Copy 
in Halifax Free Library. 

W. C. BELL, M.A., "Peace with God and 
Peace on Earth. Some Counsel to Churchmen 
and others concerning the Atonement Dispute." 
Halifax, octavo, 1888. Copy in Halifax Free 
Library. 

WM. HOWIE BULL. Sermon preached 
at the Visitation of the Right Reverend Charles 
Thomas, Lord Bishop of Ripon, in the Parish 
Church of Halifax, September 10, 1844." Hali- 
fax, 1844. Copy in Halifax Free Library. 

REV. JOHN BURNET, LL.D., Vicar of 
Bradford. "The Patience of the Church, a 
Sermon preached in the Parish Church of 
Halifax, September 3, 1847, at the triennial 
Visitation of the Bishop of Ripon. Second 
edition, Bradford, octavo, 16 pages, 1847. 

REV. WILLIAM RAMSDEN SMITH, Brad- 
ford. "The Motives and Method of Ministerial 
Heedfulness ; a Sermon preached at the Visita- 
tion of the Ven. Archdeacon Musgrave, in the 
Parish Church of Halifax, June 14, 1854," 
octavo, 12 pages, 1854. He also published a 
funeral sermon on Dr. Burnet, Vicar of Brad- 
ford, 1870, and a sermon on behalf of the Soc. 
Prom. Gospel in Foreign Parts. Bradford, 
1852. 

REV. JOHN DENNIS CAREY. "Sermons 
preached at St. James' Church, Halifax; with 
preface by the Rev. J. L. Holbeck." Halifax, 
octavo, about 1875. (Halifax Free Library.) 

REV. SAMUEL DANBY. "Steadfastness in 
the Faith, and Activity in the Cause of Christ, 
a farewell Sermon preached at the Parish 
Church, Hudderefield, February 28, 1847." 
Halifax, 1847. (Halifax Free Library.) 

REV. JOHN ELLISON. Incumbent of Sower- 
by Bridge. "Sermons for Children." 1865. A 
copy is in Halifax Free Library. 

REV. HILKIAH BEDFORD HALL, B.C.L. 
"John the Baptist, a course of Advent Lec- 
tures." Halifax, 1863. (Halifax Free Library.} 

"The Christmas Spirit, a Sermon preached 
in Halfax Parish Church, December 30, 1866." 
Halifax, 1867. (Halifax Free Library.) 

ALL SOULS' CHURCH, HALIFAX. In 
Halifax Free Library are three pamphlets 
connected with this Church; the "Descrip- 
tion of tho Church, at Haley Hill," 1859, and 

"Hitherto hath the Lord helped us: A Ser- 
mon preached in All Souls', January 26, 1868, 
by the Rev. Alfred Barry, D.D., principal of 
Cheltenham College." Halifax, T. J. and F. 
Walker, "Guardian" Office, demy octavo, 14 
page*. 

"Consecration Sermon preached in All Souls' 
Church, November 2, 1859, by the Lord Bishop 
of Durham." Halfax, 1859. 



186 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



"Some of the Sermons preached during the 
Octave of the Dedication of All Souls' Church, 
of Durham." Halifax, 1859. 

T^E REV. J. LIGHTFOOT, D.Sc., M.A., 
Vicar of Cross-etone, Todmorden, is author of 
& "Text Book on the Thirty-Nine Articles," 
4s. 6d.; "Studies in Philosophy," 4s. 6d.; 
"Logio and Education," 2s.; "Elementary 
Logic," 2s.; "Elementary and Advanced Al- 
gebra," 5s.; "Pastor meus Dominus, sacred 
oratorio," 2s. 6d. ; "The Great Religions of the 
World"; Philosophy of Revelation," pamph- 
let; and numerous songs and music. 

REV. HENRY WILLIAM COTTLTHURST, 
D.D., Vicar of Halifax, see Funeral Sermon 
by Willmott, and notices in Parson's Leeds 
and District, and Oastler's Tithes. 

"Evils of Disobedience and Luxury. A Ser- 
mon preached before the University of Cam- 
bridge, October 25, 1796, the anniversary of 
his Majesties Accession, by H. W. Coulthurst, 
D.D. Cambridge, pages iv., 22, 1796. 

CHARLES MUSGRAVE, D.D., Archdeacon 
of Craven, Vicar of Halifax, and formerly 
Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. 

"A Charge delivered June 16th, 1840, and 
three following days at Skipton, Leeds, Wake, 
field, and Halifax/' Halifax, Whitley and 
Booth, 1840, 26 pages, small octavo. 

"For private distribution : A Charge by 
Archdeacon Musgrave, D.D., May 8 12, 1865." 
Halifax, T. J. and F. Walker, 1865. 24 pages. 
Amongst other topics he treats of the neglig- 
ence in the care of Parish Registers. I have 
reason to remember his geniality and kind- 
ness in allowing me to copy the Halifax Regis- 
ters, for nearly twelve-months' spare moments 
MUSGRAVE, (Rev. Charles, D.D., Vicar of 
Halifax, Archdeacon of Craven,) A Sermon 
preached in Ripon Cathedral on Sunday, July 
31st, 1842, at the Ordination of the Lord 
Bifchop of Ripau. Halifax, Whitley and Booth 
1842, 20 pages. 

"Address and Collects at the Layins: of the 
Foundation Stone of the New Almshouses %>{ 
School belonging to the Waterhouse Charitie 
June 26th, 1855, Halifax, Whitley and Bootn, 
Crown Street, 1&55, 14 pages, 6| x 4. 

"A Sermon preached in the Parish Churca 
of Halifax, on the Thanksgiving Day, May 4. 
1856, on the Proclamation of Peace. Halifax, 
Whitley and Booth, Crown Street, 1856, 14 
pages, 6fin. x 4. 

For private distribution. "A Charge by Arch- 
deacon Musgrave, D.D., May 22 25." Halifax, 
Walker, George Street, 1860, 24 pagef, 12mo. 

"A Sermon preached at the Consecration of 
St. James' Church, Meltham Mills, November 
llth, 1845, and printed for private distribution 
at the request of the family of the Founder." 
Halifax, Whitley and Booth, Crown Street, 
1846, demy octavo, 22 pages. 

"Sermon at the Halifax Parish Church, 
April 1, 1827, on his Induction to the Vicar- 



age," 8vo., 16 pages, Halifax, 1827. (Halifax 
Free Library.) 

"Charge prepared for the Visitation, May, 
1874, but unavoidably through illness unde- 
livered." For private distribution. Halifax 
Walker, 1874, 23 pages. 

"Charge of Archdeacon Musgrave, prepared 
for his intended Visitation, May 1014, 
1875." Halifax, 1875. (Halifax Free Library.) 

THE REV. FRANCIS PIGOU, D.D., Vicar 
of Halifax, (Vicar of Doncaster; now Dean of 
Bristol), Chaplain to the Queen. 

"Faith and Practice, a selection of Sermons 
preached in St. Philip's Chapel, Regent Street, 
London." 1865. 

"Conversion, a Sermon preached in the 
Parish Church, Doncaster, February 4, 1872." 
Fourth edition, Doncaster, 1872. 
"Purity, a paper," October, 1884, Croydon. 
"Life and Life Eternal, a Sermon, Halifax 
1873." 

"A Sermon on Loyalty, preached at the 
Parish Church of Halifax, at the Parade Service 
of the 22nd West Yorkshire Yeomanry Caiv- 
alry, Sunday, July 22nd, 1877." Halifax, Whit- 
ley and Booth, Crown Street, 1877, 15 pages, 
octavo. 

"Friendly and Trade Societies. A Sermon 
preached in the Parish Church of Halifax, 
May 20th, 1877." Halifax, Whitley and 
Booth, Crown Street, 1877, Iff pages, octavo. 

"A Pastoral Letter to his Parishioners." 
Halifax, J. Farrar, Union Street, 1877, 19 
pages, octavo. 

"Sermons preached in the Parish Church of 
Halifax, May 18, 1878, at the Cloeing Services 
previous to Church Restoration." Halifax, 
Whitley and Booth, Crown Street, 35 pages, 
octavo. 

"A Sermon praached in the Parish Church 
of Halifax, Sunday, October 12th, 1879, on the 
Re-oponing after Rfestoration." Halifax, 
Whitley and Booth, 1879, W pages, octavo. 

"Unity : An Address to the Clergy of the 
Deanery of Halifax," March 20, 1876 A copy 
of this and other of his addresses are in the 
Halifax Free Library. 

"Friendly and Trade Societies, a Sermon 
preached in the Parish Church, Halifax," May 
20th, 1877. 

"Addresses at the Early Celebration of Holy 
Communion." 1878. 

"Salvation of Acceptance, a Sermon in the 
Parish Church, Halifax," n.d. 

"Ultimate Cessation of War, a Sermon 
preached at All Souls' Church, Haley Hill, 
July 21, 1878, at the Parade Service, 2nd W. Y . 
Yeomanry Cavalry." 

"Intemperance. What is the Duty ^t the 
Christian in Relation to it. A Sermon prvachtd 
in the Parish Church, Halifax, in connection 
with the Halifax United Temperance Mission, 
November 16, 1879." London, 1879. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



187 



"Address to District Visitors and Sunday 
School Teachers." London, 1880. 

Since becoming Dean of Bristol, he has 
issued several volumes, including hie most in- 
tereting work of "Reminiscences." 

THE REV. JOSHUA INGHAM BROOKE, 
Vicar of Halifax, Archdeacon, has issued for 
private circulation a series of Charges at hie 
Visitations. 

THE REV. DR. WM. SCORESBY, Vicar of 
Bradford, published (.inter alia), "The Posi- 
tion of the Church and the Duties of Church, 
men to unite for her Defence; an Address at 
the formation of the Bradford Church Institu- 
tion, July 4, 1843." Halifax, Walker, 1843, 
28 pages, 12mo. 

REV. H. O. CROFTS, D.D., Halifax; "Suffi- 
ciency of Divine Revelation." No. 6 of the 
"Yorkshire Pulpit," Leeds, 1660. 

REV. J. STACEY, Halifax; "The Church 
and the age, or a Working Church the want of 
the Times/'' crown octavo. 1857. 

The REV. HENRY VENN, A.M., Vicar of 
Huddersfield, published a "Sermon preached 
at a Visitation of the Clergy held at Wake- 
field, July 2, 1760. It was printed in 1761, with 
a Halifax publisher, but I am not sure that 
it was printed in Halifax. There is a copy 
in the Halifax Free Library. 

REV. GEORGE LEGH. Vicar of Halifax, 
printed "The Uncharitableness of Modern 

Charity " under the pseudonym, fhile- 

lentherus Trin itoniensis, small octavo, Lon- 
don, 1732. 

RICHARD HOLDSWORTH is assumed to 
have been a Halifax man. In York Minster 
Library there is his "Sermon at St. Mary's, 
Cambridge, March 27th," quarto, printed at 
Cambridge, 1642. 

"The Valley of Vision, twenty sermons," 
quarto, by Richard Holdsworth, appeared in 
1651. 

He was Dean of Worcester, born 1590, died 
1648, and served on the Assembly of Divines, 
1643. 

MR. BOYS was a famous preacher at Hali- 
fax under Dr. Favour, the Vicar. Mr. Hey- 
wood had a copy of Boys' "Catechism." II 
had ben banished out of Kent for non-com- 
pliance with the ecclesiastical authorities. The 
Theological Works of John Boys, D.D., Dean 
of Canterbury, were issued in 1610, 1615, 1630. 
Mr. Boyse, the Nonconformist author of Dub- 
lin, was son of Matthew Boyse, of Leeds, 
Oliver Heywood's friend. 

DR. THOMAS HORTON, whose Theological 
Works, I have in a folio volume, 1674, has been 
supposed to have been a local worthy, but I 
find he was born in London. 

RICHARD STANFIELD, who wrote "Sum- 
mon to Dye, &c.," 18mo., 1702, is another 
doubtful local author. 



ROBERT TOWN born 1592, B.A. of Oxford, 
1614; minister at Hey wood, 1640; Todmorden, 
1648; Elland, 1652; Haworth, 1655; died aged 
72. He was brother of John Towne, Vicar f 
Kildwick, and father of Robert, of Accnujfton, 
and uncle of Daniel, of Heptonstall Hi- 
sertion of Grace, 1654; Monomachia, 1654. 

GIL THEOLOGICAL WRITINGS. 



A WORKING MAN, who thinks for himself; 
Todmorden, May, 1856. 

"One of the Jury on Apostolical Succession 
against Priests and Priesthoods; a plain word- 
ed address to the people of Todmorden and all 
whom it concerns. Price l$d. Todmorden, 
Samuel Ward Walton, 1856, ia pages. It refers 
to the "gentlemen, Priests, at Cross-stone." 

DR. GUMMING: New Crusade opened in 
Halifax by Dr. C. against the Church of Eng- 
land under instruction and connivance from 
certain of her priests. Halifax. 1855. (Halifax 
Free Library.) 

REV. HENRY HElAP, Vicar of Bradford, 
was a native of Langfield. He was prepared 
for the ministry by the Rev. John Crosse. of 
Cross-stone, and the Rev. Samuel Knight, of 
Halifax. He published "A Sermon preached 
at the Consecration of St. Paul's Church, 
Shipley, November 1, 1826," quarto, 21 pages. 
Bradford, 1826. 

"A Sermon in Bradford Parish Church, July 
5, 1830, on the death of Geo. IV.," octavo, 23 
pages. Bradford, 1830. 

Layman of the Parish. (CHRISTOPHER 
RAWSON, ESQ., Hope House.) Spiritual Re- 
tirement; Select Passages and Gracious 
Promises from the Holy Scriptures, and Pray- 
ers to comfort the drooping Spirits of the In- 
valid in the Decline of Life, by a Layman of 
the Parish. Halifax, 1838, 8vo. In Halifax 
Free Library, edition, 2 vols.. Halifax, 1841. 

REV. GEORGE RYAN, D.D. The Dialogist, 
or the Young Christians' Auxiliary; being a 
series of Conversations on a variety of Import- 
ant Subjects connected with the Divinity of 
the Christian Scheme, and the importance of 
personal and experimental piety, chiefly de- 
signed as a check against the influence of in- 
fidelity. By the .Rev. George Ryan; two 
volumes, I2mo., Halifax, Nicholson and Wilson, 
(1837). Mr. Ryan was a well-known Congrega- 
tional Minister in Yorkshire, but not connected 
with the Halifax chapels. 

JOSEPH SUTCLrFFE. not the Wesleyan 
Minister, I presume. "The Albion Catechism, 
illustrating the Doctrines and the Duties of the 
Christian Religion; designed for the use of 
private families, and of Sunday Schools. Hali- 
fax, Holden and Dowson, 1806. small octavo, 
110 pages. The Catechism is followed by a 
poem entitled "Poor Lubin," written in ballad 
style: "Young Lubin wa a shepherd's boy." 



188 



HALIFAX BOOKS AiND AUTHORS. 



WILLIAM CARLISLE!: An Esaay on Evil 
Spirits; or Reasons to prove their existence; 
in opposition to a Lecture delivered by the 
Rev. N. T. Heineken, in the Unitarian Chapel, 
Bradford; by William Carlisle. Third edition, 
enlarged and corrected. Printed for the author 
(by T. Walker, Silver Street, Halifax,) 1827; 
small octavo, pages 176. The preface is dated 
Dudley Hi^l, Bradford, January 14, 1825. Mr. 
Heineken did not Quieten or lay the evil spirits, 
for a paper war arose calling forth several 
volumes, copies of which belabour my book 
shelves rather than my brain, but as they 
were issued from the Bradford press we will 
pass them by. People would look twice at 3s. 
now-a-days before purchasing "Evil Spirits," 
for or against. Carlisle's first edition was 
issued at Bradford, in 1825, the second at 
Halifax, 1825. 

DR. LBGH, Vicar of Halifax, was supposed 
to be concerned in issuing "The Shaver." I 
have an early edition of it and in Halifax Free 
Library is "Sermons occasioned by the Expul- 
sion of Six Young Gentlemen from the 
University of Oxford for Praying, Reading, 
and Expounding the Scriptures. Humbly 
dedicated to Mr. V.C.R. and the H ds. of 
H s, by their humble servant, 'The Shaver/ " 
Halifax ,1804. 

JOSEPH BARKER. A Life of this remark- 
able man has been printed by his nephew at 
Leeds. Joseph Barker announced in May, 
1841. a pamphlet .on Baptism; also a reply to 
A. Scott's pamphlet; a new periodical called 
the Christian Investigator, and correspondence 
with the Book Room Committee. The last was 
issued as "The Church and the Press," 2d. 
He published before this date "Duty of Christ- 
ians to support poor members, with remarks 
on Benefit Societies, Life Insurances, &c./' Id. 

"Christian Perfection/' 4d. 

"Toleration, Human Creeds, &c./' a letter to 
Thomas Allin. id. This gives the sentiments 
of Wesley and Kilham. 

"Both sides of the Question," three Staf 
fordshire Letters, 24 pages. Newcastle. 

"Church and the Press/' 42 pages, 12mo., 
Newcastle. 

"True Statement of Facts," in reply to T. 
Allin, 12 pages, Halifax, Nicholson and Wilson, 
Cheapside. 

"Water Baptisms," a letter to T. Aliin. 

Brief Report of Conference of Methodist New 
Connexion in the case of Joseph Barker and 
Wm. Trotter; by J.B. and W.T., 40 pages, 
Newcastle (1841). 

"The Evangelical Reformer/' 3 vols., 12mo. 

"The Overthrow of Infidel Socialism, or the 
Religion of Christ, and the Society System of 
Robert Owen contrasted," 72 pages. 

"The Abominations of Infidel Socialism ex- 
posed, being a brief but full exhibition of the 
horrible loathsomeness and impiety of R. 



Owen's System from hie own works," Id. I 
can hardly allow these harsh words to pass 
without protest. I thought differently when I 
visited his grave at Newtown Church, Mont- 
gomery, and I treasure a letter written by 
Owen. He was before his day. 

"Human Creeds," from the "Evangelical 
Reformer," Id. 

"The Oldham Discussion on the Influence of 
the Eeligion of Christ; Joseph Barker, Minist- 
er of the Gospel, and Lloyd Jones, Socialist 
Missionary, with appendix," 216 pagee. 

"Deceitfulness of Sin, or the Madness of Pro- 
crastination," a sermon. Id. 

"Obligations of Professing Christians to seek 
the Salvation of their Fellow Men," a sermon. 

"The Scripture Doctrine of Justification," Id. 

"Memoirs of Peter Shaw, John Haigh, \nn 
Thomas, and James Hollingsworth," 84 pages. 

"Mercy Triumphant, or Teaching the Child- 
ren of the Poor to write on the Sabbath Day," 
2nd edition, 2d. 

"Christianity Triumphant, or an enlarged 
view of the Character and Tendency of the 
Religion of Christ, &c.. &c., substance of dis- 
cussions with the Socialists in the Northern 
Counties," 3s. 

"Truth against Misrepresentation; a reply to 
T. Allin and S. Hulme, Dudley; 24 pages, 
Newcastle, 1841. 

"Truth and Innocence defended against 
Priestly Calumny"; 12 pages,, J. Barker, 
printer, Newcastle' (1844V He had meantime 
begun to print for himself. 

Joseph Barker v. Brewin Grant : Christian 
Sacraments explained and defended; Origin 
and Authority of the Bible; a public Discus- 
sion between J.B. and E.G. held' at Halifax on 
ten nights. January 22 February 8, 1855. 
London, 1855. 

WILLIAM TROTTER: 

"Lecture on the Use of Money/" delivered 
at Bradford Bbenezer Chapel, Id. 

"Foolishness of God wiser than men; a reply 
to Wm. Scott's Common Sense," IJd. 

"A Brief Report of the Proceedings of the 
Conference of the Methodist New Connexion, 
in the case of Joseph Barker and Wm. Trotter." 
40 pages, Newcastle, no date (1841). 

"The Justice and Forbearance of the Metho- 
dist New Connexion Conference as they were 
illustrated in the case of W. Trotter, giving 
a complete account of his trial before the 
Halifax Conference; with an appendix contain- 
ing a full answer to sundry tracts or pamphlets 
by J. W. Robinson and T. Allin, and a more 
copious Report, &c.," 96 pages, small octavo, 
1841, Newcastle. One can hardly conceive that 
dear old friend Trotter, one of the mildest 
men I ever knew, could have been drawn into 
this terrible paper war. The Brighouse sup- 
porters of the two expelled ministers opened 
a preaching place opposite Rastrick Common 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



189 



School, but the cause died out in a short time, 
Mr. Trotter joining the (Plymouth) Brethren. 

"The More Excellent Way, or Feeling and 
Principle compared," a sermon. 

I have some ether publications of Mr. 
Trotter, published when he resided at Otley and 
lastly at York; such as "Good News, a monthly 
magazine for the Young," "Plain Papers on 
Prophetical Subjects." 

JOHN SIMPSON, Primitive Methodist Mini- 
ter, "Recollections and Characteristic Anec- 
dotes of the late Rev. Hugh Bourne." Leeds, 
1859, 24 pages. Hugh Bourne was the founder 
of the Primitive Methodists. I have an auto- 
graph by him. and would like one of William 
Clowes. Mr. Simpson, during his residence in 
Halifax district, was the great chapel builder 
and debt-payer of his denomination. 

The Prodigal Son; an Authentic Narrative 
by John Simpson (Primitive Methodist Minis- 
ter.) Fourth edition. Leeds, 1849, 36 pages. 
Fifth edition, 15th thousand. Leeds, 1850, 36 
pages. 

Rev. John Simpson, Author of "Smiles and 
Tears," "Here and Hereafter/* &c., published: 

"The Conqueror's Palm, or Memorials of the 
late Mrs. Stockdale, wife of the Rev. C. Stock- 
dale, Primitive Methodist Minister, together 
with Two Sermons preached in Improvement of 
her death. Leeds, 1865, 64 pages, small octavo. 
The sermons were preached at Sowerby Bridge 
and Halifax. 

"The Young Soldier's Death-Bed," a Halifax 
Narrative: Liverpool, 1865, 24 pages, 12m u. 

"The Two Sons, a contrast," 2nd edition, 6d. 

"Zion's Complaint and the Lord's Encour- 
agement. A Sermon on the death of James 
Crossland and others. December 24, 1865, 
preached in Ebenezer Chapel. Halifax." Liver- 
pool, 24 pages, 12mo., 1865. 



CTII. SOME QUAKER LITERATURE. 



"An Account of the Charitable Trusts in 
Brighouse Monthly Meeting, of the Society of 
Friends, in the year 1872." Bradford, John 
Dale and Co., 1872. 24 pages, small octavo. 
This tract shews what the Friends have been 
rather than what they are now. In Halifax 
parish there are Meeting-houses at Brighouse 
(1669), and Halifax (1743), and the old Meet- 
ing-house at Birds Royd, Rastrick (1681). In- 
deed Brighouse is strictly speaking a 
misnomer for both buildings are in Rastrick. 
There are besides the two burial grounds at 
Halifax and Rastrick, one at Barkisland or 
Rishworth (1723), and one at Broadcar, El- 
land (1693). Sowerby Street burial ground, 
given by John Smith, Norland, in 1738, has 
been leased from 1868 for 999 years at SSI per 



year rental. The Harwood Well Meeting 
House and Burial Ground were established in 
1696. Th Meeting House has been closed 
since about 1743, and has been converted into 
two cottages, adjoining which three others 
have been built yielding 20 yearly to Hali- 
fax Meeting, which receives also the 7 from 
Sowerby Street. Brighouse Preparative Meet- 
Ing have .20 for annual distribution to their 
poor: 2 frftm Thomas Walker in 1705, J65 
from Thomas Green in 1714, 3 from Eliza- 
beth Beaumont in 1735, and 10 from James 
Taylor in 1747. It also gets 9 13s. for similar 
uses from the Liversedge Meeting House, now 
two cottages and a croft, including a burial 
ground, conveyed in 1700 to Trustees. 

The Shelf charity originally consisted of a 
house and croft in Shelf, devised in 1729 by 
William Hollings, of Bowling, to the Trustees 
of Bradford Meeting House for the benefit of 
the poor of that Meeting. It now consists 
of four cottages and two crofts yielding a 
yearly rental of .12 10s. to Bradford. 

Brighouse also shares in Brighouse Monthly 
Meeting charaties of Emanuel Elam, \Q 10s. 
yearly; of Charles Harris, .6 5s. yearly; and 
the Monthly Meeting School Fund, about 84 
yearly. 

A Catalogue of Books belonging to the 
Friends of Halifax Meeting, 1846, 8 pages, 
12mo.; Halifax, Leyland and Son. Catalogue, 
of Books in Friends' Meeting House Library) 
Halifax, 1870. Halifax, F King, 8 pages. Th 
manuscript volume "Minutes of Halifax Meet- 
ing, 1724 to 1828" should be interesting. 

"Notice, Brighouse, 1870. A Library of 

Books for the use of the public, free of 

charge. Apply within." Catalogue, 1164, 
on folio sheet. 

CHRISTOPHER TAYLOR, ex-minister of 
Southowram: Faithful and True Witness to 
the Light. Also postscript in answer to some 
base Lyes and Reflections cast upon me by 
William Howarth, an Independent Preacher. 
4to. pamphlet, 1675. 

"The Counterfeit Convert Discovered, or 
Wm. Haworth's Book ('The Quaker converted 
to Christianity re-established') Refuted by 
J.C. and W.B., with the Postscript answered 
by C.T., 24/4/1676, 4to. 

"Institutiones Pietatis, In quibus Saluber 
rima vitse Prsecepta. (For use of Youths at 
School). 8vo., 1676. 

"Compendium Trium Linguarum Latin, 
Grtecue, and Hebraicas: (Part by John Matern. 
a German, assistant to C.T.,) London 8vo 
1679. 

A Testimony to the Lord's Power and Blessed 
Appearance in and amongst Children. 4to. 
pamphlet, 1679. 

"Reprinted, with addition of Letters, 8vo , 
1879. 
"Reprinted, London, 8vo., 1680. 



190 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



"The Whirl-wind of the Lord gone forth 
as a Fiery Flying Roule, with an Alarm 
sounded against the Inhabitants of the North 
Countrey, (particularly addressed to the Rul- 
ers, Priests and people of Westmorland.) 
London, Giles Calvert, 4to. pamphlet, 1655 
Reprinted 1656. 

"A Warning from the Lord to this Nation, 
4to. tract. No place or date. 

"Certain Papers which is the Word of the 
Lord. (To tihe Town of Appleby.) 4tr 
pamphlet. No place or date. 

"Epistle to Friends in the Truth. Written 
at Waltham, 8/11/1675. 4to. tract, uo place 
or date. 

"Account of a Divine Visitation and Bless- 
ing at Waltham Abbey School. Edited by 
M.R. Philadelphia, 8vo. pamphlet, 1797. 
The same, 12mo., 1799. 

"Testimony for Isaac Penington, in P.'a 
Works, 1681. 

"Bpistle of Caution to Friends, regarding 
W.R.'s "Christian Quaker." London, 4to. 
pamphlet, 1681. 

"Something in Answer to Wm. Roger's 
libels in the "Christian Quaker," a further 
Caution to Friends. London, 4to. pamphlet, 
1682. 

"Testimony concerning him by Wm. Yard- 
ley in "Collection of Memorials, 1788." 

(Died in Pennsylvania 1686, buried at 
Philapelphifl..) 

FRANCES TAYLOR (wife of Christopher): 

Epistle to Friends 1685, 8vo. tract. 

She died in 1685; buried at Philadelphia. 

Christopher Tiaylor, after leaving Southow- 
ram Chapel (St. Ann's in the Grove, or 
Chapel-le-Briere,) had a Friends' School at 
Waltham and Edmonton. His brother Thom- 
as Taylor had been preacher at Otley Church 
and became a leading supporter of George 
Fox, the Quaker. I have the collected Works 
of Thomas Taylor, in a quarto volume. 
Whether Captain Thomas Taylor, the parlia- 
mentarian soldier, wias of this family I can- 
not say. Captain Taylor and his wife's 
family the Hansons, of Brighouse Park 
joined the Friends. Fox preached several 
times at Captain Taylor's, Brighouse. 

NATHAN TILLOTSON, of London, wrote 
an Epistle of Love and Caution to the Inhab- 
itants of Kettlewell and places adjoining. 
London, 8vo. pamphlet, 1747. Disowned by 
Friends 3/3/1749, "addicted to Drinking, 
Gambling, and afterwards leaving his family 
and Creditors." 

"Mr. N. Tillotson, relative of Abp. T. 
married Miss , with <7,000." Gents.' Mag. 

JOSEPH THORP, Halifax, was author of 
Gospel Invitation, Address Delivered at Dub- 
lin, September 13, 1863. London (For) S.W. 
Partridge, 18mo. tract, 1863. 



"Address to Friends in Ireland. Dublin, 
R. Chapman, 12mo. tract, 1864. 

FIELDEN THORP, his son, of York school- 
master; A Few Considerations on the Non- 
Necessity of Water Baptism. He has written 
other works. 

Testimony to the Authority of Christ in the 
Church and the Spirituality of the Gospel 
Dispensation. This tract was reprinted by 
order of the Brighoxise Monthly Meeting, by 
Pickard, Leeds, 12mo., 1840. 

ISAAC STICKNEY of Hull, father of Mrs. 
Ellis, (the well-known authoress and wife of a 
Madagascar Missionary), wrote "There was 
a great deal of time lost!" Halifax, Nichol- 
n nd Wilson, 12mo. tract. J. L. Linney, 
of York, reprinted the same. 

>T MH GRACE FRYER, of Toothill, wife 
of Witliam Harvey, Leeds, printed in her ad- 
vanced years a small volume of Remin- 
iscences that I have read, but I have not got 
a copy. It describes Toothill district in the 
earlv days of Queen Victoria. Has any 
reader a copy to spare? 



CIV. FURTHER NOTES ON NOVELISTS 

DANIEL DE FOE: To the previous notice 
I wish to add a few lines. "The Life and 
Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson 
Crusoe, of York, mariner, &c.," Vol. I., Lon- 
don, Stockdale; with illustrations by 
Stothard, engraved by Medland, 1790, demy 
octavo, pp. xii., 389. Printed list of illustra- 
tions. Vol. U., pp. v., 456, and advertise- 
ments. Life of De 1 Foe by Geo. Chalmers, 
with De Foe's portrait. Daniel Foe, born 
about 1663, wag son of James Foe, London, a 
dissenter, and grandson of Daniel Foe, of 
Elton, Northants. The author of Crusoe died 
in April, 1731, leaving a widow, Susannah, 
and two sons and four daughters. The sons 
were Daniel, of Carolina, and Benjamin. Of 
the daughters, Hannah and Henrietta were 
unmarried, Sophia, was wife of Henry Baker, 
and Maria had married, a man named Langley. 
The Langleys, of Hipperholme, were great 
London carriers, and traders, but whether 
one married Maria Foe remains undiscovered. 
About 1713 De Foe wrote, "After this I was 
a long time absent in the North of England." 
Chalmers states "The place of his retreat is 
now known to have been Halifax,'' and Mr. 
Watson's statement that Jure Divino was 
written at Halifax must be incorrect for it 
was first published in 1706, and tha't he is 
equally mistaken in mentioning an improper 
use of the Selkirk adventures. The Alexander 
Selkirk story appeared in 1712, when Captain 
Woodes Rogers published his Voyages narrat- 
ing the discovery of Selkirk in February, 1709, 
at Juan Fernandez, where he had been isolat- 



HALIFAX BOOKS A^ T D AUTHORS. 



191 



d. The Captain's record intimates that Sel- 
kirk had no pen, ink, paper, and had made 
no journal. Ringrose's account of Captain 
Sharp's Voyages refers to the same incident; 
and Dampier had discovered a Mosquito 
Indian on the same island. As "Robinson 
Crusoe" was not issued until April, 1719, and 
the second part until August, 1719, and the 
third part, "Serious Reflections," in August, 
1720. De Foe had kept his manuscript of the 
first part about four or five years (if written 
in Halifax,) before printing it. This is ex- 
ceedingly likely; first, because of his persecu- 
tion, and secondly, because of his poverty. 
Moreover, it would be almost miraculous to 
find a man of De Foe's temperament calmly 
resting at Halifax, and we have nothing else 
to fill up his time, besides four bantering 
pamphlets. He says "Observing here," that 
is, in his northern retreat, "the insolence of 
the Jacobite party, and how they insinuated 
the Pretender's rights into the common 
people, I set pen to paper again by writing 
*A Seasonable Caution' and to open the eyes 
of the poor ignorant country people, I gave 
away this all over the Kingdom." The other 
pamphlets were "What if the Pretender 
should come?'' "Reasons against the Succes- 
sion of the House of Hanover," "What if the 
Queen should die?" Thus whilst Halifax 
must relinquish, in all probability "Jure 
Divino," we may add four pamphlets. The 
Old Pretender came in 1715. 

THOMAS DBLONEY cannot be claimed as 
a Halifax writer, but the following book by 
him gives some notice of Halifax Gibbett: 
"Thomas, of Reading, or the Sixe Worthie 
Yeomen of the West, now the sixth time 
corrected and enlarged. By T.D.., London, 
printed by Eliza Allde for Robert Bird, 1632, 
126 pages. (One of the Yeomen was Hodge- 
kins, of Halifax. I have the reprint, issued 
also in large paper. 

W. M. WINN is credited with the author- 
ship of Hialifaxiana or Rescued Blossoms, 
containing Original Anecdotes, &c., illumin- 
ated with a Learned Exordium. Halifax, 
1805. A copy is in Halifax Free Library 

MICHAEL H. RANKTN, of Halifax, wrote: 
Challenge of Barletta: a Tale of Chivalry by 
the Marquis D'Azeglio. From the Italian by 
M.H.R. London, 1837. 

SARAH DUCKETT WILSON : The Knights 
of the Golden Key, and other Stories. Lon- 
don, n.d. I am told this lady was connected 
with Halifax, either as resident or by birth 

S.S. The Lottery of Death. A Russian 
Tale of Passion and Intrigue. London, c. 
1890. A copy is in Halifax Free Library.' The 
author is given as a local writer. 

EDWARD SLOANE: Essays, Tales and 
Sketches. Halifax, Leyland and Son, Corn 
Market, 1849, 168 pages, 8vo. 



REV. JAMES WH ALLEY, Curate of Cross- 
stone, Todmorden, was author of "The Wild 
Moor: a Tale founded on Fact," with pre- 
face by the Rev. Whiteley Mallinson, M.A., 
Incumbent of Cross-stone, and late Fellow of 
Magd. Cojl., Camb. Leeds printed, 1869; 
small octavo, pages 104. This is a very 
scarce yet modern book, dealing with the 
moorland between Heptonstall and Haworth. 
Mr. Whalley was a native, and duly appreci- 
ated the interesting associations of Haworth. 
The Brontes, Grimshaw, Osenhope Church, 
Charity Sermons, Snow Storms, Astrology, 
Patronymics, Crow Hill Bog eruption, and 
Folk Lore; other subjects as well, all of 
which are fascinating to the Bronte student 
are here briefly dwlt upon. It was issued 
in cloth as well as in paper covers. I have 
one of each. 

From the HALIFAX PRESS, amongst 
other tales, there have been issued 
Peter Parley's Forget-me-not; Tales for 

Leisure Hours. Halifax, no date, 12mo. 
Miss Mitford's Juvenile Tales; 1861, 32mo. 
Oliver Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield, 1850. 
Little Dudley, a story for Children, by C.G E. 

Halifax, 1868. 
Juvenile Tales, Halifax, Milner, 1851, 459 

pages, 32mo., was written by Edmund Riley, 

assistant schoolmaster to Mr. Hinchliflfe, 

Horton Green. He died unmarried and in 

poverty. 

MRS. JOHN HAGGARD, eldest daughter 
of Mr. Fairless Barber, of Castle Hill, Ras- 
trick, has written "The Tanjeena Tree," and 
other works of fiction. His youngest daugh- 
ter, who died in 1901, wrote "The Road- 
Mender," "The Gathering of Brother Hilari- 
us," and "The Grey Brethren" under the 
nom-de-plume of Michael Fairless. Miss 
Barber and her sister were born at Castle 
Hill, Rastrick. 

(SAMUEL DRAKE ROBERTS,) Wyke, 
GomenBall, Brighouse, 1905: 

"The Yorkshire Cousins," by Stephen 
Wyke. London, 1896, octavo, pages viii., 
448. The plot is partly laid near Llanidloes 
in Montgomeryshire. In 1863, when a young 
man, he published Stansfield, a Tragedy, 
mentioned previously in the list of poets. 

MISS R. M. KETTLE, of Parkstone, Dor. 
set, authoress of many novels, has been an 
occasional Halifax visitor. 

"The Mistress of Langdale Hall : a Romance 
of the West Riding." By Rosa Mackenzie 
Kettle. London, 1872, octavo, pages iii., 336. 
The frontispiece represents Shibden Hall 
("Langdale Hall"), by Clara Mackenzie Kettle. 
The Vignette on the title gives "Hazledon 
Crags from a drawing by the Author." The 
dedication to John Lister, Esq., of Shibden 
Hall, in memory of happy summers spent 
under his roof, is dated from Heathside, 



192 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



(Dorset^, January, 1872. The whole story 
centres at Shibd^n Hall. 

"Hillesden on the Moors. A Romance of the 
West Riding. By Rosa Mackenzie Kettle, 
author of The Mistress of Langdale Hall, 
Smugglers and Foresters, Lewell Pastures, 
Over the Furze, Under the Grand Old Hills, 
My Home in the Shires. Author's edition, 
1877, octavo, pages iii., 331. This is a Hali- 
fax and Calder-dale story. 

"The Carding-Mill Valley. A Romance of 
the Shropshire Highlands. By Rosa Mac- 
kenzie Kettle," author of The Falls of the 
Loder, Lord Maskelyne's Daughter, Fabian'a 
Tower, The Wreckers, Memorials of Charles 
Boner, Earl's Cedars, Sea and the Moor, 
Ranger's Lodge, La Belle Marie, &c. 
Author's edition, 1882, pages iii., 364. 

"Christmas Berries and Summer Roses," 
has been noticed in our poets' section. She 
has also published "Light on the Sandhills, 
Oaks of Fairholme, Coastguard Station, 
Autumn Leaves." At this time she resided 
at Callandar, N.B. Only three of the volumes 
are connected with Halifax, namely, Lang- 
dale Hall, Hillesden, and Christmas Berries 
(partly written at Shibden Hall). 

JOHN WRIGGLES WORTH; " Hubert 
Cloudesley." 

"Idylls of Yorkshire, by Hubert Cloudesley, 
Author of Passing Thoughts, the Sweetest 
Maid in Glowton, Grass from a Yorkshire 
Village, Adventures of a Remarkable Twain. 
&c." BlLand, Henry Watson, Limited, South- 
gate; no date, pages iv., 292, octavo. The 
preface is signed by Wrigglesworth, Greet- 
land. The book comprises ten stories, large 
type, good paper 

"The Sweetest Maid in Glowtou A York 
shire Story by John Wrigglesworth, "Hubert 
Cloudesley"), author of "Passing Thoughts," 
"Sketches from Real Life," "In the Gntp near 
Death." Halifax, "Guiardian" Office, 180 
pages small octavo; 1894 on the cover. See 
the poets' section respecting the author, a 
working man of Greetland, now deceased. 

"Passing Thoughts of a Working Man,'' 
was out of print in 1894; but the author pro- 
mised to find me a copy. He was evidently 
unable to do so, and the next news I had re- 
specting him was an account of his death. 

MR. J. RAMSD'EGST, a Greetland young man, 
has issued a book in answer to Dr. W. 
Wright's Brontes in Ireland. 

"The Bronte Homeland or Misrepresenta- 
tions Rectified, bv J. Ramsden," 168 pages, 
not including nine illustrations. 

JOSEPH S. FLETCHER, "A Son of the 
Soil," was born at Halifax in 1863. 

"The Wonderful Wapentake; illustrated by 
J. Ayton Symington. London, 1895, octavo, 
pages xi., 251. Frontispiece, Went'bridge. 



The wapentake is that of Osgoldcross, or 
Pontefract district. The sketches are selec- 
tions from the "Leeds Mercury," written 
under the pseudonym "A Son of the Soil." 
The eighteen etchings are specially good. 
"The Remarkable Adventure of Walter Tre- 
lawney, Parish Prentice of Plymouth, in the 
year of the Great Armada." Re-told by J. S. 
Fletcher, author of When Charles the First 
was King; Through Storm and Stress, &c. 
Frontispiece by W. S. Stacey. Edinburgh, 
1694, 216 pages. 

Picturesque Yorkshire, 3 volumes, was is- 
sued in numbers, and afterwards in volumes. 
The illustrations are the best part of the 
work; the rest is gazetteer clippings. He 
has issued poetical and other works. 

JOHN HARTLEY. "YorksMre Puddin, a 
collection of the most popular Dialect Stories 
from the pen of John Hartley," author of 
Yorkshire Ditties, Clock Almanack, Sects i' 
Lundun, &c.; Wakefield, Wm. Nicholson and 
Sons, no date, but dedication gives Christmas^ 
1876, pages 379, octavo; portrait frontispiece. 
Most of the pieces are in good Halifax dialect. 

"Many a Slip. A Domestic Romance." 
Wakefield, Nicholsons. Dedication to "Rt. 
Hon. James Stansfield, M.P. for my native 
town," is dated London, January 1, 1878; 
pages 313 octavo, coloured frontispiece. 

"A Rolling Stone, a Tale of Wrongs and 
Revenge." Wakefield, Nicholson. Dedication 
to his wife, October, 1878; pages 306, octavo, 
coloured frontispiece. 

" Sects i' Blackpool, Fleetwood, Lytham, 
and Southport, as seen bi Sammywell Grimes- 
an' his wife Mally." Wakefield, Nichol- 
sons, small octavo, pages 124. 

"Sects i' Paris. Sammywell Grimes' trip 
with his old chum Billy Baccus, his opinion 
o' th' French, and th' French opinion o' th' 
exhibition he made ov hissen." Wakefield, 
Nicholsons, small octavo, 137 pages; dedica- 
tion to John Stansfield, Esq., Halifax Novr , 
1878. 

"Sects i' Lundun: a Yorkshireman's Ten 
Days' Trip." 

"Grime's Trip to America. Ten Letters 
from Sammywell to John Jones Smith." 
Wakefield. Nicholsons, email octavo, 121 
pages. Dated, Bradford, 1877. 

"Yorkshire Ditties/' First series; also 
second series; see our poetical section. 

" A Sheaf from the Moorland : A Collec- 
tion of Original Poems." See poetical sec- 
tion, 

Yorkshire Tales: Amusing Sketches of 
Yorkshire Life. First series, also second 
series. 

I gave a sketch, portrait, and bibliography of 
Hartley in the "Yorkshire Bibliographer." 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



193- 



CV.-BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES. 

BENJAMIN WHSON, Salterhebble : 

"The Struggle* of an Old Chartist, what he 
knows, and the part he has taken in various 
movements. ' Contents: Peterloo Massacre, 
Chartiat Leaders, 1839 and '48, Township 
Affairs. Plug Drawing of 1842, Co-operative 
Movement, Reform League, 1867 Reform Bill, 
Halifax Borough and Municipal Elections, 
&c. Price 3d. Halifax, John Nicholson (W. 
C. Wornereley), 1887, demy octavo, 40 pages. 
Wilson wad born at Skircoat Green in August, 
1824. This pamphlet abounds in matters of 
public interest. 

HENRY SUGDEN, J.P.: 

"In Memoriam. Aid. Hy. Sugden, J.P.; 
Reprinted from the "Brighouse News," 
October, 1902; octavo, 72 pages, illustrated. 
Henry Sugden was the fifth son of Thomas 
Sugden, who established, with several of his 
sons, the. famous firm of Corn Millers bearing 
their name at Brighouse. He was born Feb- 
ruary 24, 1837, and died September 30, 1902. 
He entered early into the business of a cotton 
goods manufacturer, first at Ripponden, then 
on his own account at Elland, 1858, and Brig- 
house. 1865. His public engagements, politic- 
al, philanthropical, educational, religious, 
were enough to exhaust an ordinary man, 
without the cares of a big firm. It was his 
own persistency that kept him from being 
Mayor of ihe new Borough of Brighouse. He 
served as an Alderman of the Borough and 
also of the West Riding Council, and was like- 
wise a County Magistrate. The Liberal, 
Temperance, and Educational organisations 
equally claimed him as champion. 

WILLIAM KERSHAW: 

"A Narrative of the Peninsula Veteran, 
William Kerehaw, being a concise and faith- 
ful account of the numerous encounters and 
hair-breadth escapee to which a soldier is en- 
posed in military warfare." Halifax, Wm. 
Nicholson, Cheapside, 1862, 32 pages, small 
octavo. Kershaw was born in April, 1788, at 
Stansfield Mill, Norland. 

RTvV. HARRY SHAW Author of "A Vision 
of Advent." &c.. see poetical section. Mr. 
Shaw is a native of Mirfield. "Fragments of 
Ministry." Halifax, Ashworth and Birkhead, 
1899, octavo, pages viii.. 118. Twenty-five 
prose fragments. & souvenir of his four years* 
ministry in Halifax (Methodist Free Church 
or New Connexion.) 

THOMAS RAWLINSON : 

"Justice and Mercy, or Alice the young 
orphan wanderer reclaimed, by Thomas Ra.w- 
linson; author of Halifax Tracts, &c.. an 
affecting narrative, illustrated, in connection 
with the Town Hall, Halifax"; 2d., 1870, no 
printer's name; 16 pages, small octavo. This 
is a temperance and religious pamphlet by a 



town missionary, of King Cross, January, 
1870. There is a rough woodcut of Thomas, 
Alice, and three policemen. 

"An Authentic Report of the Trial of MIC- 
HAEL STOCKS, Esq., for wilful and corrupt 
Perjury at the Yorkshire Lent Assizes, 1615, 
before Judge Thompson and a Special Jury. 
Huddersfield, (London printed,) 1815, demy 
octavo, 16 pages. John Bower and Samuel 
Holdsworth were the complainants, who stat- 
ed that in January, 1806, Michael Stocks took 
away 10,000 tons of coals belonging to their 
co-partnership, without the knowledge of the 
complainants, and other encroachments after 
that date, in Northowram. The result of 
this long trial was that the jury returned a 
verdict of NOT GUILTY. 

LEYLAND. A Full Report of a Trial for 
Libel : Browne v. Leyland and others, at 
York Spring Assizes, April, 1835. Halifax, 
Leyland and Son, Corn Market, 1835, 123 pages 
8* x 5*. 

CAPT. INGRA*M: 

Proceedings and Correspondence of the 
Halifax Troop of West York Volunteer Cav- 
tiry previous to the late Court of Inquiry 
holden at Leeds, October 10 and 11, 1805, on 
the conduct of Capt. Ingram, to which are 
added Minutes taken in Court by a Member 
of the Troop. Halifax. 1805. 

ARTHUR OLDFIELD, Rastrick: 

A Collection of Testimonies as to the ability 
of Arthur Oldfield as Overseer and Printers* 
Manager; 20 pages, oblong 12mo., choicest 
printing and paper. There is a fine zinco- 
portrait, with biographical notes of a worthy 
Rastrick workman who married the sister of 
Mr. John Samuel Jowett, Brighouse. He was 
a technical teacher as well as a printer at 
Leeds, Birmingham, Harrogate, &c., and at 
Birmingham published a very useful technical 
handbook, "A Manual of Typography." I 
regret I do not know his whereabouts at 
present. 

"The Singular Life and Surprising Adven- 
tures of JOSEPH THOMPSON, known by 
the name of Fiddler Thompson, of 
Halifax, with an account of the various 
hardships he endured, the wick- 
edness of common Fiddlers and Fid- 
dling, his practice as a Horse Rider and a 
Juggler, narrow escape from death, his being 
a Fiddler on a cruise in a Privateer, hie- 
cruelty as a husband, father, &c., and hie 
subsequent conversion and devotedneea to God." 
Wakefield, Nicholson and Son, no date, 32mo., 
78 pages. I regret I have not a copy of the 
original edition, so cannot describe it. "I 
was born in Halifax," he says. Like Jonathan 
Saville, lie suffered as a Town-Apprentice. 
His disgusting story was written about 1808, 
I imagine, and he lived a vicious life from 
about 1770 to 1786, when he became a Metho- 



194 



HALIFAX BOOKS AM) AUTHORS. 



diet. His mother died in 1795 aged 76. He 
mentions the sudden deaths of his relatives, 
including a cousin, Joe Thompson. Fiddler 
Thompson died March 5. 1812, and was buried 
in South Parade Chapel Yard, Halifax. 

I fail to find in these particulars any sub- 
stantiation of a book, advertised as a Halifax 
book as under : 

"Life and Adventures of Joe Thompson a 
narrative founded on fact. Written by him- 
self." 2 Vols. New edition. London, 1775. 
12mo. A rakish life refers now and again to 
his visits to Yorkshire. "Born in the West 
Riding, where his father waa a clergyman." 
There is nothing of Yorkshire in it, nor of 
Halifax, though so stated in a Catalogue: 

YORKSHIRE. Life and Adventures of 
Joe Thompson, of Halifax, a Narrative found- 
ed on Fact; First Edition, with portraits of 
Joe T. and Miss L. Rich, 2 vols. 12mo. calf, 
rebacked, Fine Copy, Scarce, 14s. 1775. 

It is a silly lewd romance probably printed 
at Bath or London. 

T. SUTCLIFFE. of Burnley, afterwards of 
Salforth, a descendant of the Sutcliffes of 
Stansfield, so he stated. 

1. Crusoniana, or Truth versus Fiction 
elucidated in a history of the Islands of Juan 
Fernandez by a retired Governor of that 
Colony, plates, 8vo.. Manchester, 1843, very 
rare. 

2. Pedigree of the Kayee of Woodsome, and 
Greenhalghs, of Brandlesome. 

3. The Earthquake of Juan Fernandez in 
1835. Manchester, 1839. 

4. Rise and Progress of Woollen and Cotton 
Manufactures, Manchester, 1/843. Sutcliffe 
the adventurer was Grandson of Kaye of 
Bury, and born in 1790. He lost his posses- 
sion at the earthquake and came to Man- 
chester. Died in London in poverty in 1849 

GILLMOR: 

Diary of the late Richard Hooker Gillmor, 
Esq., Ensign, 92nd Highlanders. 84 pages, 
octavo, Farrar, Union Street, Halifax, 1871, 
16mo. 

SAMUEL BAUMB: 

Life, Letters and Last Hours of Samuel 
Baume, late of Halifax, dedicated to Opera- 
tives, Keighley, 1853, Ifimo. 

WILLIAM HANSON: 

Life, written by himeelf (in his 80th year), 
revised by a Friend. Halifax, 1889. 'Copy 
in Halifax Free Library. 

THOMAS CHEiEITHAM. of Ripponden, An 
Account of the Life of, by Himself, 1S25. 
Bradford, J. M. Jowett, 1870, 33 pages, 12mo. 

JOSEPH FARRAR, J.P. : A few events, in- 
cidents and experiences in the Life of lo-seph 
Farrar, J.P., of Bradford, written by him- 
self. Printed for private circulation. Brad- 
ford, 1889, pages vii., 83. I am indebted to 
Mr. G. H. Farrar for a copy. There is a 



portrait frontispiece, and a folding pedigree 
which shews the Halifax origin of Mr. Far 
rar's family, and a page or two about the 
Farrers of Warlev. 

SIR FRANCIS CROSSLEY, BART., 24 
pages, small octavo, London, Religious Tract 
Society, Biographical Series, 1028; view of 
Somerleyton, on the title. Sir Francis wap 
the youngest son of John Crossley, Dean 
Clough Carpet Mills, and was born October 
26, 1817. His brothers were Thomas, Robert, 
John, and Joseph. In '.852 Frank Crossley 
became M.P. for Halifax, and passed en to 
be member for West Yorkshire until 1869, 
when he stood for the North West Riding. 
He died January 5, 1872. Concise aci-ounts 
of his benefactions are given i a this pamphlet. 
CROSSLEY (Frank, Esq., M.P., afteru a rdP 
Sir Francis,) published Canada and the 
United States; a Lecture delivered -n th> 
Odd Fellows' Hall, Halifax, Monday, January 
21st, 1856, Halifax, T. and W. Birt whistle, 22, 
Northgate, 1856 40 pagws Gin. x 4 

"SIR TITUS SALT, BARONET: His Life 
and its Lessons. By Rev. R. Balgarnie, Scar- 
borough, with portrait and photographic Il- 
lustrations." Scarborough, Theakstone and 
Co., 1877, octavo, pages xv., 3>9. The photo- 
graphs comprise an excellent likeness of Sir 
Titus, as anyone who knew him will testify; 
his birthplace at Morley; view of Saltaire; 
Crow Nest, Lightcliffe; Salt Statue, Bradford; 
Saltaire Mausoleum. A third edition was 
reached in 1878. For some years Sir Titus 
Salt lived at Crow Nest as a tenant; he came 
back again as owner, and died there. He was 
emphatically a man of deeds but not words. 
"Saltaire and its Founder, Sir Titus Salt, 
Bart," by Abraham Holroyd. Saltaire, 24 
pages and paper covers, 1871i, 3d. This was 
the first edition my friend Holroyd issued, but 
its title was "Life of Sir Titus Salt, Bart., 
with an Account of Saltaire." 

"Saltaire, and its Founder. Sir Titus Salt, 
Bart.," by Abraham Halroyd, 1871. 2nd edi- 
tion, small octavo, 40 pages, with Gelder's 
engraving of Sir Titus, as frontispiece. Salt's 
arms are on the title page. My good friend 
Holroyd sold me the block portrait. 

"Saltaire and its Founder, Sir Titus Salt, 
Bart." Third edition, Bingley, T. Harrison 
for Abraham Holroyd, 1873, 91 pages, 12m o., 
plates Sir Titus Salt, Saltaire Mills, Saltaire 
Congregational Church, Higher Schools, In- 
stitute. 

"The Late Sir Tittus Salt, Bart., Founder 
of Saltaire. A brief resume of His Life and 
Works; an account oi' the Funeral, the ad- 
dress given on that occasion, Sir Titus's will, 
&c., People's edition, tenth thousand. Salt- 
aire, B. Allsop, 1878. Reprinted (mostly) from 
the "Shipley and Saltaire Times," September 
1878, 24 pages octavo. The "Times" report 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



195 



was also issued in a large broadsheet, Janu- 
ary 6, 1877. Mr. Allsop also issued an Album 
of Saltaire Views, at 6d.. a series of the name 
in photography. 

"Sir Titus Salt, Bart.; Life Lessons, by Rev. 
T. Niohokon, Cleckheaton. Bradford, 16 
pages, octavo." 

"Sir Titus Salt, Bart.." 24 . s 4to., with 
coloured litho-portrait. January, 1877. 

Crow Nest, Lightcliffe: Catalogue of the 
Contents of the Mansion, to be sold by Auction 
July (1878), Davis and Shoesmith. (Sir Titus 
Salt's.) 50 pages quarto. 

Sir Titus Salt and George Moore; by 
James Burnley. The World's Workers series, 
Cassell and Co.. 1891, &c., three editions, 
small octavo, 66 pages appropriated to Sir 
Titus. 67128 to George Moore. 

The Rev. B. Wood, Bradford, published a 
funeral sermon Sir Titus Salt's death, Jan., 
1877, 11 pages, crown octavo 

Further notes on Saltaire in Dickons' 
Bradford Bibliography, pages 130-1 146, 163 
238. 



CVL RICHARD OASTLER. 



"Sketch of the Life and Opinions of 
Richard Oast'er." Leeds, Joshua Hobson, 
1838, 20 pages, double columns, imperial 
octavo, frontispiece portrait, lithographed by 
Edward Morton from W.P. Frith's painting 
with facsimile autograph. 

OastUr was born in Leedi3, December 20. 
1789. He was educated at Fulneck, but his 
parents were Wesleyans. His father, Robert 
being a Wesleyan when young, was driven 
from home on that account, and lived fi r 
many years at Thirsk with his uncle, md 
both of them were great friends of John Wes- 
ley, who often stayed with them. When 
Robert Oastler died, in July, 1820, Mr. Thomas 
Thornhill, of Fixby, asked Richard to take 
his father's place as steward, and he removed 
to Fixby in January, 1821. He had long been 
an active politician on the Tory side, and a 
staunch Churchman, yet he was a reformer, 
as witness his "Vicarial Tithes," and "Letter 
to the Archbishop of York." He became a 
Slave liberationist, a Poor Law Reformer, and 
Chi d-Factory Act advocate, along with M. T. 
Sadler, M.P.. many years before settling in 
Fixby. A libel case brought by Wm. Moore, 
of Huddersfield, with damages of 1,000, came 
off with a farthing damages. I have had a 
similar case myeelf, before the Lord Chief 
Justice. Mr. Oastler issued "Letters to the 
Duke of Wellington." "Facts and Plain 
Words," "Right of the Poor to Liberty and 
Life," "Letter to the Agricultural and In- 
dustrial Magazine," 1834. 



In May, 1838, he was dismissed by Mr.Thorn- 
hill for political causes. At this juncture 
the pamph'et under notice was printed, and 
I agree with my friend, the late T. T. Empsajl, 
that it is largely autobiographical, though 
probably written by Joshua Hobson. It a 
most capable as also a very rare pamphlet. 

"The Fleet Papers, being Letters to Thomas 
Thornhill, Esq., of Riddlesworth in Norfolk, 
from Richard Oastler, his prisoner in the 
Fleet, with occasional commu' icatiors from 
Friends. Vol. I., I b< .e net jot. 

Vol. II.. No. I, Ja ary 1842. Price 2d. 
"This is New Year's ay. >od Morning to 
you. A happy new yi . to j t and the Fixby 
heiress!" So it proce ;; oi^-t pages weekly; 
printed in London; i .perial octavo, each one 
sent f- )m "The Fleet Prison," ami each ad- 
dress- a to Thomas Thornhill, Rsq., who must 
have felt terrible stings. 

No. 41, October 8th, 1642 is the last copy I 
have at hand. The gifts of food, money, 
books, tobacco, wine, &c., that were sent to 
him he duly chronicles as his "Rent Roll." 

"October 15, a Huddersfield friend sent me a 
box of preserves. The fruit was grown in 
Fijby Gardens !" 

"October 17. Lord Feversham sent me a 
hamper of game." He never forgets to rub in 
the "Rent Roll ; " "The Rent Roll" next week. 

Fleet Papers are embraced in three or four 
volumes, January 2, 1841, to September 7. 1844. 

"The History of the Factory Movement, or 
Oastler and his Times, by W. R. Ooft." Hud- 
dersfield, 1)888, small quarto, pages viii., 141 
rubricated borders, and beautiful frontispiece 
portrait, taken from the steel-p:ate copy that 
may be occasionally seen in cottages of Hali- 
fax district, one of which at each place should 
adorn the walls of the Halifax and Brighouse 
Free Libraries; It was about 1830 that Mr. 
Oastler tackled the question of the Factory 
Movement, and the cruelty to children, which 
earned for him the title of the Factory King. 
John Fielden, M.P., of Todmorden, was a par- 
ticularly ardent co-worker with Oaetler. 
Fielden issued a pamphlet on "The Curse of 
the Factory System," 24mo., 1836. On the 
same subject a very scarce book is entitled, 
"The History of the Short Time Movement," 
by "Alfred," (Samuel Kydd). 

Mr. Oastler acknowledged a debt of X'3,000 
to Mr. Thornhill, being the excesses for 
several years of the Management Fund at 
Fixby, which being hurriedly demanded Mr. 
Oastler could not meet, so was committed to 
the F T eet Prison, December 9, 1840. For a 
long time Oastler refused to make any com- 
promise, and Thornhill insisted on the debt. 
A meeting was called at Brighouse, a public 
subscription rained, and Mr. Oastler was re- 
leased, and reached Brighouse on Shrove 
Tuesday. February 20, 1844, when the 'Tactory 



196 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



King" had a royal progress to Huddersfield. 
The Rev. G. S. Bull and Jonathan Schofield, 
of Rastrick, were amongst the prime-movers. 
Oastler soon joined Lord Ashley in the Ten 
Hours Movement, which became Law in June, 
1847. 

"Richard Oastler's Reply to Richard Cob- 
den's Speech at Leeds, 18th December, 1849." 
People's Edition, 1850, demy octavo, London, 
47 pages, 6d. Dated from Broadstairs, Kent, 
January 19, 1850. Free Trade is the topic of 
discussion. 

"Convocation : The Church and The People, 
by Richard Oastler." London, 1860, demy 
octavo, pages iv.> 77. Dated from Conway, 
April, 1860. 

"The Home: The Altar, the Throne, and 
the Cottage. Edited by Richard Oastler." 
No. Is Vol. I.. London, Saturday, May 3rd, 
1851, Id., quarto, 8 pages. Dated from Nor- 
wood, Surrey. "The Home" appeared weekly. 
My set is very incomplete, besides finishing 
with No. 84, Vol. 3, December 4th, 1852. Vol. 
2 began with No. 36, January 3rd, 1852. I 
think there were eight volumes issued. 

Vicarial Tithes, Halifax : a True Statement 
of Facts and Incidents. By Richard Oastler, 
Steward to Thomas Thornhill, Esquire, and 
Delegate for the Township of Fixby. Hali- 
fax, P. K. Holden, 1827, demy octavo, 187 
pages, 4s. Preface dated Fixby Hall, Novem- 
ber 30, 1827. This is a history of the small 
tithes of Halifax parish. Vicar Coulthurst, 
who died December 11, H817, and Vicar Knight, 
who died January 7. 1827, are highly com- 
mended by Oastler. The work is a valuable 
contribution to local history, and bears con- 
siderably upon the after-trials of Mr. Oastler. 



Richard Oastler died at Harrogate, 
22nd, 1861, and was buried in Kirkstall Church- 
yard. I shall never forget the crowd that 
thronged Huddersfield Parish Church when the 
Rev. G. S. Bull preached his funeral sermon. 
A meeting was called at Brighouse to erect a 
memorial, and the statue in Forster Square, 
Bradford, was the outcome. 

My son. who was lately assistant-professor 
at Glasgow "University, and now fills the Ec- 
onomic chair at Aberdeen, has supplied me 
with a list of Oastler's pamphlets, but doubts 
its completeness. 

PAMPHLETS, & c ., BY RICHARD OASTLER,. 

Letter to Mr. Holland Hoole. Manchester, 

1832. 
A few words to the Friends and Enemies of 

Trades Unions, 1833. 
Infant Slavery : Report of a Speech in favoxir 

of the Ten Hours' Bill, Preston, 1833. 
Facts and Plain Words, Leeds, 1833. 
Letter on the New Poor Law Act, August, 

1834, 8vo, 4 pp., Bradford. 



A well-seasoned Christmas Pie for the "Great 
Liar of the North," prepared, cooked, &c., 
Atkinson, Bradford. 34 pp. 
Another edition, 23 pp., 8vo. Atkinson, 
Bradford. 

Slavery in Yorkshire, Monstrous Barbarity, 9 
pages, 8vo., Atkinson, Bradford, 1835. 

More work for the Leeds New Thiefcatchers, 
Huddersfield, 1836. 

A Letter to the Archbishop of York, Hudders- 
field, 1836. 

The Unjust Judge or the "Sign of the Judge's 
Skin," Leeds, 1836. 

The Rejected Letter, Leeds, 1836. 

A letter to those Millowners who oppose the 
Ten Hours' Bill, 1836. 

A Letter to the Millowners who are the 
friends of the Factory Children, 1836. 

The New Poor Law, A' Speech, 1837. 

Right of the Poor to Liberty and Life, A 
Speech, London, 1838. 

Reply to Richard Cobden's Speech, London 
1850. 

Faetory Legislation; a letter on the Special 
Report of the Executive Committee of the 
National Association of Factory Occupiers, 
16 pages, octavo, London, 1855. 

Brougham y. Brougham. 

Free Trade not proven 

Letters to "Leeds Mercury," "Leeds Intelli- 
gencer," and "Northern Star," &c. 
There is a brief memoir of Oastler in "Men 

of Leeds," pages 53-59, with a microscopic 

portrait. 

A true and correct report of a most marvel- 
lous and interesting meeting (reported late- 
ly to have been held in a certain wood) to 
discuss the Factory Question, and the 
speeches thereon, 12mo., 4 pp, Wardman, 
Bradford, no date, about 1833. 

A letter to thoee sleek, pious, Holy, Devout 
Dissenters, Messrs. Get-all, Keep-all, Grasp- 
all, Scrape-all, Whip-all, Gull-all, Cheat-all, 
Cart-all. Work-all, Sneak-all, Lie- well, 
Swear-well, Scratchem, &c. The Share- 
holders in the "Bradford Observer" in 
answer to their attack on Richard Oastler 
in that paper of July 17th, 1834, &c., &c., 
8vo., 34 pp., J. Atkinson, Bradford, 1834. 

Tracts, being letters to the Shareholders of 
the "Bradford Observer," 8vo., J. Atkinson 
Bradford, 1834-6. 

Eight letters on Reform to the Duke of Wel- 
lington, with copious notes on the West 
Riding, 8vo., 136 pp., Hudderwneld, 1835. 

Letter to the Viscount Morpeth on the West 
Riding Nomination Riots, 12mo 32 pp 
London, 1837. 
Richard Oastler: A Sermon preached in St 

James' Church, Bradford, September 1st" 

1861, by the Rev. G. S. Bull, Birmingham? 

with an Appendix, 12mo., 16 pages, G F 

Sewell, Bradford, 1861. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



197 



Sketch of the Life of Richard Oaetler, with 
an account of his funeral obsequies, and the 
three Funeral Sermons preached on the oc- 
casion in Bradford, September, 186P, by the 
Rev. G. S. Bull, 8vo., 86 pages; Auty, Brad- 
ford. 1861. 

(Mr. Bull also preached Funeral Sermons at 
. Sheepridge and Huddersfield, perhaps the 
same as the printed ones. 
Other items on the Factory Question include: 
Report and Resolutions of Deputies from 

Hand-Loom Worsted Weavers of Bradford, 

Leeds, Halifax, &c., 12 pages, 12mo. Brad- 
ford, no date. 
True and Correct Report of a meeting of 

birds and beasts in a certain wood 

to discuas the Factory Question, 44 pages, 

8vo., Bradford, not date. 
Questions by the Factory Commissioners, 

1833, a sheet. 

Factory Child's Friend, 1833. 
Ten Hours' Bill, was it passed by a Liberal 

or Tory Government? 20 pages, Bradford. 

The Rev. Geo. S. Bull, before going to Birm- 
ingham, was incumbent of Bierley, and print- 
ed at Bradford several pamphlets on the Fac- 
tory System, including The Evils, 1632, 36 
pages; The Poor Law Act. 1834, 4 pages; Bene- 
fit Societies, 1834, 16 pages; Lecture on Poor 
Law Act, 1834, 12 pages; Homes of Old Eng- 
land, six verses dedicated to Oastler, sheet 
printed at Bradford, &c. 



CVII. SOME HISTORICAL BOOKS. 



CENSUS OF HIPPERHOLME-CUM-BRIG- 
HOUSE, April 1601; April, 1811; small folio. 
This book was "printed at Jacobs' Office, Hali- 
fax," that is the head lines and rulings. 
Probably each township in Halifax parish got 
a copy in which to enter the returns. Bach 
page shows : Houses : Inhabitants, Inhabited. 
No. of families, Empty; Persons of all ages: 
Males, Females,, Total; Occupations: 

Farmers, Traders, Gentry, Total. Every 
householder's name appears, and sometimes 
two families are set down for one house. The 
gentry column is used for wives, children and 
all, or nearly go, who do not figure as house- 
holder. Eighteen names appear on each page. 
There are 82 pages for the 1801 census, number- 
ing for Brighouse quarter 595 persons, Light- 
oliffe Chapelry 1480, Coley Chapelry (Hipper- 
holme section) 820, /total 2,895. 

Th 1811 census is entered in the same book, 
filling 34 pages, Brighouse quarter 900 persons, 
Hipperholme 2,448, total 3,348. There are 
thirty more pages unfilled. 

There should be similar books in existence 
for 1821 31 41 51> 61 71 81 91 1901; and 



every township should have similar sets. Will 
the District Councillors make thorough 
searches for these and similar valuable records, 
and have a list of them printed in their next 
Council Reports ? Also, will they get the Clerka 
to have a dozen sets of the annual printed 
Reports bound together, and deposit one at the 
nearest Free Library. They will find the 
money spent on this work A VALUABLE IN- 
VESTMENT. Mark my words! 

CIVIL WAR TRACT: 

A Proclamation published through all the 
Garrisons of the North. Ac. The Sentence of 
War passed upon divers souldierg that 
Mutinyed at Halifax: 1648. 

"A Handbook descriptive of the various In- 
stitutions in Haley Hill and Copley, 1865." 
Halifax, T. and W. Birtwhistle, 6d., pages iv., 
109. This is a useful handbook, shewing th& 
advantages for literary improvement that Col. 
Akroyd instituted, along with H. AkroydRidg- 
way, B.A., the Rev. C. R. Holmes, M.A., Rev. 
J. B. Sidg-wick, M.A., Dr. J. W. Garlick, and 
others, and possesses historical value. 

"The Order of the Consecration of All Souls' 
Parochial Burial Ground and of the Laying of 
the Corner Stone of All Souls' Church, Haley 
Hill, Halifax, April 25th, 1856. Leeds, T. 
Harrison, 1856, 20 pages. 

COPLE1Y, Description of St. Stephen's 
Church; consecrated October 30, 1865. Halifax, 
R. Leyland and Son, 1865, 16 pages. 

COUNTY BOROUGH OF HALIFAX: AK- 
ROYD MUSEUM, Art Industries, Archseology 
and Antiquities, Bankfield. Catalogue of Ex- 
hibits, compiled by Arthur Crabtre and J. 
Whiteley, 1898. 

J. W. CLAY, F.S.A.: 

Dugdale's Visitation of Yorkshire, with ad- 
ditions. Part vii. Exeter, Pollard, 1905; smair 
folio, pages iii., 253 to 386. 

"Olde Eland, being Reminiscences of Elland 
by LUCY HAMERTON, together with chapters 
on the Antiquities of Elland, by J. W. Clay, 
F.S.A., Ac. Preface by Ernegt Winter, Rector." 
Illustrated. Elland, W. H. Gledhill, Westgate, 
1901, small octavo, pages xv., 188. 

The list of Vicars includes : John Stronger 
1459, James Butterfield 1644, Michael Savile 
1561, Robert Mylner 1565, Skofield 1566, John 
Leigh 1577, Richard Worrall 1588, Adam Wright 
1592 , Costan Mawde 1593 (buried November, 
1600), Joshua Smith (possibly deputy) 1596, 
aged nearly 74, John Thompson 1633. Robert 
Houldsworth 1651, Abbot (temporary) 1652, 
Robert Towne c. 1650, R. Walker 1656, Josiah 
Broadhead 1663 (died at Batley 1685), Peter 
Ashton, M.A., 1667 (died November, 1698), 
Richard Petty 1699, Jeremiah Bairstow 1721, 
(died 1731), George Smith (died 1783), Thomas 
Alderson, M.A., 1734, William Stackhouse 1746. 



198 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



Robert Ogden (resigned December 1761), Samuel 

Ogden ( ), George Burnett, M.A., 1768, 

Thomas Watson 1793, Christopher Atkinson, 
M.A., 1802, William Atkinson (his son) 1843, 
David Meredith 1849, Edward Sandford 1853, 
I'rancis Musson 1872, Elrnest Winter 1893. 

REV. GEO. WALTER ROBINSON, Curate 
of Elland, was author of a Volume of Sermons. 
Other curates there of last century were: 
The Rev. Alex. Charles Fraser, and Rev. Hugh 
Stamer, before Mr. Robinson, and after him 
the Rev. Charles Heath, the Rev. George 
Langton Beckwith, Rev. Francis Innes Jones, 
Rev. F. Musson, Rev. J. R. Coghlan, Rev. 
Robert Rutherford, Rev. R. G. Irving, Rev. 
A. Barrington Orr, Rev. W. J. Kendle, and 
thirteen others, 1881-1900. I am not aware 
that any of these curates, except Mr. Robinson, 
were authors. 

SOWERBY. Letter to the Archbishop of 
York of the Inhabitants of Sowerby asking that 
their Township be constituted into a distinct 
Parish. 1763. 

SAMUEL DYER, C.M., Euston Road, Lon- 
don, was formerly an asisstant at Mr. Lunay's 
Academy, Brighouse. I suppose the C.M. 
means certificated master. The following book 
was issued at the cost of Mr. Clement Black- 
burn, Brighouse. "Dialect of the West Riding 
of Yorkshre" : a short history of Leeds and 
other towns. Brighouse, John Hartley, 1891, 
small octavo, pages 143. The most curious 
part of the book is the list of subscribers, a 
large proportion of the short list being Signers 
and Signoras in Italy, Portugal, and other 
foreign parts, with a few Brighouse names 
sprinkled in. The history of Leeds is a fraud, 
and the chaff on Lundy's Giessen title, Dr., 
is one of the hundred curiosities of this unique 
little book. 

EDWARD AKROYD, M.P., Bank Field, 
Halifax. "The Yorkshire Penny Bank; a 
Narrative, with an introduction by Edward 
Akroyd, M.P. Leeds, 199, pages iii., 73 octa- 
vo. Mr. Peter Bent evidently compiled pages 
21-73. 

"The Present Attitude of Political Parties," 
by Edward Akroyd, F.S.A. Leeds, 1874, im- 
perial octavo, 83 pages. 

"The Church in its Relation to the State 
and to Nonconformity." A paper read at the 
Church Congress, Leeds, 1872. 

"HALIFAX FLOUR SOCIETY, Limited. 
Established 1847. Jubilee 1897." The inner 
title gives "May, 1647. Jubilee celebration, 
May, 1897." Manchester, 1897, large octavo, 
110 pages. Numerous portraits and views. 

YORKSHIRE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY'S 
SHOW; Souvenir of Halifax, 1895. 

HALIFAX: What to see, 1697. 



THE NEW BUXTON GUIDE, containing a 
concise account of the Properties of its Medical 
Springs. Halifax, printed for the author, 
(Who was he?) Hall Bank, and sold by Mr. 
Moore, Post Office, Buxton; no date. 

WEST RIDING RIVERS: 

To the Sanitary Acthorities of Halifax, Hud- 
dersfield, Bradford, Leeds, Wakefield, Dews- 
bury, and other adjacent Towns and Villages 
now discharging their sewerage into the 
Rivers Calder and Aire. 1876. Letter by 
James A. Paskin, M.I.C.Ei. 

"AN ILLUSTRATED HISTORICAL RE- 
CORD of the Reign of Her Majesty Queen 
Victoria, with a detailed account of the princi- 
pal Events. Published as a Memento of the 
Completion of Her Jubilee, June 21st, 1887. 2d. 
Todmorden, T. Dawson; The inner pages are 
London printed. 

EXCURSION TO MYTHOLMROYD by the 
Teachers and Elder Scholars of the Kirkgate 
Wesleyan Sunday School; programme, June 6, 
1865, small quarto, seven pages; Bradford, M. 
Nelson, 1865. I have not seen a copy. 

PEOPLE'S PARK, Handbook. Halifax, 
printed by Birtwhistle for James Lord. 1857, 
20 pages. 

GEORGE J. HOLYOAKE wrote "The 
History of Co-operation in Halifax," c 1868. 

EDWARD PARSONS, JUN. 

"Histories of St. Bartholomew Day." Hali- 
fax, P.K. Holden, 1824, small octavo, pages 
vii., 143, and page of errata. Dedication to the 
Nonconformist Ministers of Halifax, dated 
from Halifax, January 1), 1824. The French 
massacres occupy the first part and the Eng- 
lish persecutions under the Stuarts the sec- 
ond section. 

"The Civil, Ecclesiastical, Literary, Com- 
mercial and Miscellaneous History of Leeds, 
Halifax, Huddersfield, Bradford, Wakefield, 
Dewsbury, Otley and the Manufacturing Dis- 
trict of Yorkshire. 2 Vols. demy octavo, 1834, 
Leeds, F. Hobson; Vol. 2, pages v., 503. Be- 
sides other Halifax Notices the History of the 
Parish occupies pages 279-393 of this volume. 

REV. WM. EDEOSTSOR LITTLEWOOD, 
MvA., Head Master of Hipperholme Grammar 
School, 

"The Essentials of English History, contain- 
ing a concise History of Elngland, a systematic 
view of important events, dates, battles, sieges, 
treaties, institutions, eminent men, &c., for 
Schools and Students; 7th edition, London, 
1881. pages vii., 157; crown octavo. 

"Essentials of New Testament Study"; 548 
pages, five maps ard plans, crown octavo, 
7s. 6d. 

REV. FREDK. GARD FLEAY, M.A., Head 
Master of Hipperholme Grammar School, pre- 
viously at Leeds, and afterwards at Skipton 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



199 



School, has been mentioned under the poets. 
Besides an English Grammar and a work on 
Teaching, he was author of "Shakespeare 
Manual," 1876, octavo, pages xxiii., 312. "A 
Chronicle History of the Life and Work of 
William Shakespeare, player, poet, and play- 
maker. Two etched illustrations. London, 
1886, large octavo, pages viii., 364. 

REV. JOHN WATSON, M.A. Further notes 
respecting the Halifax historian may be use- 
fuL He became Rector of Stockport, August 
2, 1769, on the death of the Rev. Leigh Rich- 
mond, being presented thereto by Sir George 
Warren, Knt. His first wife was Susanna 
Allon, of Barnsley. He was considered a 
noted Whig. Besides a memoir of him in 
Barwaker's Cheshire, there is an interesting 
account of him by James Crossley in the Man- 
chester Grammar School Register, (Chetham 
Society, I. pp. 12-15.) Mr. Crossley treasured 
Mr. Watson's velvet cap, and makes the re- 
mark, "When Mr. Watson put it on, woe to 
the profane, whether of his household or not, 
who intruded ! for he strictly held to the patri- 
archal ' Jus Divinum,' though he rejected the 
regal.'' Mr. Crossley had also Dr. Whitaker's 
annotated copy of Watson's Halifax. Mr. 
Watson's Halifax manuscript notes for a new 
edition unfortunately got dispersed. The por- 
trait in his Halifax, by Williams, has below, 
with other matters, his arms : Argent on a 
chevron engrailed azure between three mart- 
lets sable, three crescents or; for ALlon, his 
first wife, on an escutcheon of pretence, sable 
a cross potent or. The portrait by Stringer is 
considered a better one than Williams'. 
Concerning his publications we may add that 
the "Moderation" pamphlet, 32 pages, reached 
a second edition. The "Apo'ogy" 41 pages, and 
"Kings should obey," (pages 43-56) may be 
seen in the Portico Library, Manchester, (Ad- 
lington Tracts, Vol. xxi.). The Letter to the 
Moravian Church, 42 pages gives criticisms of 
the absurdities of their early Hymn Book. 
Besides the Archa?ological articles, Mr. Bar- 
waker describes the most celebrated of his 
books, issued in 1782, "Memoirs of the Ancient 
Barls of Warren and Surrey, and their des- 
cendants to the present time." Warrington, 
1782, 2 vols. quarto, full of beautiful illustra- 
tions, chiefly heraldic, artistic, including be- 
sides vignettes, over fifty plates. The portrait 
of Mr. Watson, engraved by Basire in 1780, 
from D. Stringer's painting is given in 
facsimile in Barwaker's Cheshire. A poetical 
reply to John Byrom. of Manchester, on turn- 
ing to the east, and bowing to the name of 
Jesus, was written by Watson for the "Hali- 
fax Union Journal," 1760. Gilbert Wakefield 
(Life, I., 162) thought Watson had the best of 
the dispute. 



Mr. Watson published a sermon as under, 
"The Necessity of Laws and a proper obedi- 
ence thereto, enforced in a sermon preached 
before the Hon. Baron Smyth at the Assize 
held at Lancaster, March 25, 1764''; Halifax, 
1764, small quarto. 

Mr. J. G. Nichols, F.S.A., in "The Herald 
and Genealogist, 1871, states that the "Earls 
of Warren," 1782, was the third edition, and 
that the first issue was in 1776, without illus- 
trations, pages vi., 427, and probably only six 
copies were sent out to friends to annotate and 
correct. The copy in the Library of the Royal 
Institution, London, is the only one that ha* 
been recorded as in existence. In 1779 a sec- 
ond edition, 15 copies only, sent to antiquarian 
friends to be annotated, was printed. The 
late E. P. Shirley, Esq., had one of these. 
The third and public edition was set up "de- 
novo," 1782. 

Mr. Watson intended to publish a Volume 
of Cheshire History, or History of Stockport 
Parish. His MSS. were carefully preserved 
by his descendants. They are described in 
Mr. Barwaker's Elaet Cheshire, p. 399, Vol. I. 
Mr. E. says "There can be no doubt that Mr. 
Watson was a most careful and painstaking 
antiquary. He does not, however, seem to 
have been possessed of much critical acumen. 
He was a scholar and a gentleman, clear in 
his statements, and accurate in all his work, 
and not carried away by an overwhelming de- 
sire to unduly magnify the importance of his 
labours." The Rev. Gilbert Wakefield, who 
was for some time his curate at Stockport, 
having married his niece, says of him: 
("Memoirs of G.W.," 1804, Vol. I, 159-161.) 
"he was a very lively, conversable, well-in- 
formed man, and one of the hardest students 
I ever knew; his great excellence was his 
knowledge of Antiquities. He was by no 
means destitute of poetical fancy, had written 
some good songs, and was possessed of a most 
copious collection of bon-mots, facetious 
stories, and humorous compositions of every 
kind, both in verse and prose, copied out with 
uncommon accuracy and neatness." 

Mr. W. died at Halifax March 14th 1783, 
aged 59, his death being thus noticed in Stock- 
port Register: "1783, March, The Rev. John 
Watson, M.A., Rector of Stockport, was buried 
the 18th." He left a son by his first wife, a 
clergyman, who died without issue; and by 
his second wife one son, the Rev. John 
Watson, Vicar of Prestbury, who died in 
April, 1816; and Miss Anne Watson, who died 
at Macclesfield, April 20, 1855, aged 90. 

REV. JOHN WATSON, Junr., M.A., son of 
the Halifax Historian, born June 12, 1762, 
matriculated at Oxford from Brasenose College, 
17th February, 1781, his father being then 



200 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



curate of Ripponden. Be took his B'.A. degree 
15th February, 1/785, and that of M.A., 29th 
April, 1788, nearly two years after his presenta- 
tion to the Vicarage of Prestbury, Cheshire, 
{June 25, 1786). By his wife Lettice, daughter 
of the Rev. Hy. Offley Wright, of Mottram, 
he had two sons, John, a Fellow of Brasenoee 
College, Oxford, and died in 1875, unmarried; 
and Lawrence, who was killed at St. Sebastian 
in 1818; and two daughters, Jane, now living, 
the wife of George Robinson, Efeq., and Lettice, 
now dead, who married a, Captain Arden and 
left iseue. He died April 14, 1816, in the 54th 
year of his age, and was buried at Prestbury 
on April 23. A Mural tablet on the north 
side of that church records the interment of 
himself and wife. His grandfather, Legh Wat- 
son, and R<ev. Joseph Watson, D.D., of Wai- 
brook, and Hewytt Watson of Dublin, and 
Edmund Watson of Stockport, were sons of a 
noted centenarian deer-keeper, John Watson of 
Lyme, whose life is rcorded, p. 308-9, of Ear- 
waker's Blast Cheshire!. 

The Rev. John W., junr., held also the In- 
cumbency of Saltersford Chapel in Prestbury 
from 1801 to 1815. 



CVIII. POLITICAL AND MUNICIPAL 
LITERATURE. 

[THE' EARL OF HALIFAX.] 

"Some Cautions offered to the Considera- 
tion of those who are to chuse Members to 
serve in the Ensuing Parliament." London, 
1695, small quarto, 32 pages. 

"The Address of the RT. HON. SIR 
ROB*jRfT PEEL. BART., to the Electors of 
the Borough of Tarn worth. Halifax, Whitley 
and Booth, 3, Crown Street, 1834, 12 pages. 

POLITICAL SATIRE: "Report of the Prin- 
cipal Speeches and Songs at the Great Whig- 
Radical Banquet, at Halifax, in the Oddfel- 
lows' Hall, February 3, 1853. Leeds, Moxon 
and Walker. 1853, demy octavo, 22 pages, 
partly in rhyme, on Akroyd, Wood, Crossley. 

JOHN SNOWDEN, Halifax: 

"Radicalism Vindicated; a paper prepared 
for Square Road Young Men's Congregational 
Society, November 16, 1866, being a reply to a 
paper by Mr. Erskine to the same Society." 
Id. Halifax. Simpson and Tiffany, Crossley 
Street, 1867, 16 pages octavo. 

The Liberationists Unmasked, by an ex- 
dissenting minister. A Lecture at the 
Mechanics' Institution, Halifax, March 6, 
1874. by the REV. ROBERT CHRISTISON." 
Leeds, 1874, 26 pages octavo. 

HALIFAX BOROUGH ELECTIONS. 

"The Poll Book (January 5, 1835.) contain- 
incr a correct list of all. the Electors who polled, 



distinguishing the Candidates for whom they 
voted, checked by the Returning Officer, also 
the names of the Registered Voters who did 
not vote together with an Analysis of the 
Poll. Halifax, Hartley and Walker, 1835, 
demy octavo, 16 pages. 

These Poll Books are of great utility to 
genealogists. The four Hollands of Slead 
House, father and three sons, voted for Wood 
and Proheroe, as did the two Macauleys (of 
Slead Hall family,) Attorneys, and three Hali- 
fax Horsfalls. Wortley was the other 
candidate. 

William Waddington, Gibbet Street, was re- 
jected for saying he could not vote with safety 
against one of the candidates, and William 
Jennings did not say for whom he would vote. 

"Poll Book," &c., July 25th, 1837. Halifax, 
Hartley and Walker, 23 pages, octavo; can- 
didates Protheroe, Wood, Wortley. 

"Poll Book," &c., July 29, 1847. Halifax, J. 
Hartley and Son, Old Market Place, 26 pages,, 
octavo; candidates Eldwards, Wood, Miall, 
Jones. Seven Horsfalls voted, and gave the 
votes, 2, 3, 5, 4, respectively. The famous 
Crossley brothers voted for Miall and Jones. 

"Poll Book," &c., July 6, 7, 8, 1852. Halifax. 
William Nicholson, duodecimo, 24 pages. Can- 
didates, Wood, Crossley, Edwards, Jones. 

"Poll Book," &c., January 3, 4, 5, 1853. Wm. 
Nicholson, printer, 24 pages, duodecimo. Can- 
didates, Wood and Edwards. 

"Poll Book," &c., March 27, 28, 1857. Wm. 
Nicholson, Cheapside, 12 pages, demy octavo. 
Candidates. Wood, Crossley, Edwards. 

In the Free Library at Halifax there are 
copies of the following pamphlets : 
1. Halifax Borough Election, December 11,. 

1832. 
2 The Poll Book containing a correct list of 

all the E"ectors who polled, distinguishing 

the Candidates for whom they voted. Hali- 
fax, 1833. 

Ditto, 1835, 1837, 1852, 1853, 1857. 

3. The House John Bull built. Wood and 
Wortley ejection squib. 

4. Halifax Borough Election, July 25, 1837. 
The Poll Book, distinguishing the Candidates 

for whom they voted, names of Voters 

who did not vote, &c. Halifax, 1837. 

5. Copy of the Register of Electors for the 
Borough of Halifax. Halifax, 1838. 

6. West Riding Election: Poll for Two 
Knights of the< Shire, August 3 and 4, 1837, 
Mark Millbank, High Sheriff; Candidates,. 
Rt. Hon. Geo. Wm. Fredki. Howard (Lord 
Morpeth), Sir Geo. Strickland^ and the Hon. 
Stuart Wortley. Leeds, 1838, 8vo. 

7. Register of the Electors to vote for Mem- 
bers in Parliament for the Borough of Hali- 
fax: 1832, 1835, 1838, 1848. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



201 



In the game Library are copies of the 

HALIFAX BURGESS ROLLS, 1852, 1876, 1878, 

ltto.s-90, (others since probably.). 

Act for the Improvement of the Borough, and 
for other purposes, and an appendix contain- 
ing the Principal Acts and parts of Acts now 
in force within the Borough. Halifax, 1854. 
Halifax Corporation Year Books, 1879-1890, 

(others since probably.) 

Report of Medical Officer of Health, with 
Sanitary Inspector's Report for the Borough, 
December 31', 1885. Halifax. 

Halifax Public Library: Reports, 1883-9. 
Annual Report, 1891, with Report of the 
Parks Committee on the Akroyd Museum and 
Art Gallery. Reports 1892-3. Halifax, 1694. 
Ditto, 1894-5. 

Halifax Public Libraries at Belle Vue, Bank- 
field, &c. Report September 30, 1895 to Sep- 
tember, 1896. 

WILLIAM RANGER, Superint. Inspector. 
Public Health Act: Report to the General 
Board of Health on a Preliminary Inquiry 
as to Sewerage, Drainage, and Supply of 
Water, &c., of the town of Halifax. 1851. 

WILLIAM RANGER. ESQ., 
Report to fhe General Board of Health on 
a Preliminary Inquiry into the Sewerage, &c., 
of Northowram and Southowram. London, 
1850. 

Halifax Poor Law Union. 

Statement showing the number and names 
of Paupers relieved, the amount expended, 
the balances, &Q., for each township for the 
half-year ending September 29, 1876. 

Borough Bye LaJws. 

Bye Laws passed by the Council of the 
Borough of Halifax, December, 1849. Hali- 
fax, 1850. 

Halifax Borough. 

Abstract of Accounts. 1886. Corporation 
Water Bill. Proceedings, 1888. 

Halifax Borough. 

M.O.H. and Sanitary Inspectors' Reports, 
1897. 

The Town Clerk's Report on the Halifax 
Corporation Act, 1898. 

County Borough of Halifax. 
Report of the Medical Officer of Health, to- 
gether with the Report of the Sanitary In- 
spector, December 31, 1892. 
Ditto, December 31, 1893. 

Borough of Halifax. 

Report on the Epidemic of Small Pox in 
1892-3, presented to the Health Committee 

by DANIEL AINLEY, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., 

M.O.H. 

Will Borough and District Councillors see 
that copies of all reports are sent to the Free 
Libraries, and keep carefully filed and indexed 
copies at the Offices? 



CIX. " GENERAL BAPTIST" HISTORY. 



REV. ADAM TAYLOR (nephew of the Rev. 
Dan Taylor, Founder of the New General 
Baptist De-nomination.). 

The History of the English General Baptists. 
In Two Parts. Part First, ftjhe English 
General Baptists of the 17th Century. London, 
1818^ demy octavo, pages xiv., 492 pages. Part 
Stecond, The New Connection of General 
Baptists. London, 1818, pages viii., 495. 
The dedication is dated from Shakespear's 
Walk, (London,) March, 1818. 

The Author claims that the General Bap- 
tists are a more ancient body than the Particu- 
lar Baptists. He sketches Foreign Baptists 
from A.D. 200 to the Reformation, and English 
Baptists from Augustine to 1600. He next 
traces General Baptists from John Smyth, 
1690, and finishes in volume I., with 
1700. In this volume therefore there is very 
little that concerns Yorkshire. William 
Pardoe, a General Baptist Minister, dedicated 
a work to his friends and converts in Wor- 
cestershire, Leicestershire, and Yorkshire. He 
must have been an old man at his death, 
August, 1692. He extended his preaching ex- 
cursions into Yorkshire. Other itinerants had 
also reached Yorkshire, (see Edwards' Gang- 
rsena,) and Edwards also mentions anabap- 
tists about Sowerby. Birch's Life of Tillotson 
confirms this apparently, for "Robert Tillot- 
son is said to have become a baptist soon 
after the birth of his son John in 1630.'' 
Francis Smith, an eminent general baptist in 
London, published a work in Oliver Cromwell's 
time, which he dedicated "to all that are 
called to be saints, especially my dear friends 
in the West Riding of Yorkshire," and styles 
them fellow travellers, who had rendered 
themselves to Christ as their Saviour, their 
king to rule them, their priest to make atone- 
ment for them, and their prophet to teach 
them; in a word, their all in all.'' I more 
than suspect that we shall discover this 
FRANCIS SMITH to have been a Yorkshire- 
man, and not unlikely, a Sowerby man, whose 
name may be found in the Quaker and other 
recusant lists. He was a London bookseller 
and publisher, but he had been a regular 
preacher for twenty years in 1672, though he 
may not have been a recognised pastor. His 
name appears on the title of Jeffery's Whole 
Faith of Man; the Confession of Faith, 1660; 
the Apology after Tenner's insurrection, 1661; 
and he published before 1660 "Symptoms of 
Growth and Decay in Godliness, in eighty 
signs of a living and dying Christian, wilh 
the Causes of Decay and Remedies for Re- 
covery." A second edition, enlarged, was 
issued in 1672, dedicated to Sir Thomas Foster,. 



202 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



and recommended by four Baptist Ministers. 
Jeffery, Morley, Wright and Monk. In 1680 he 
published a folio pamphlet, entitled "An Ac- 
count of the injurious proceedings of Sir 
George Jeffreys, Knight, late Recorder of Lon- 
don, against Francis Smith, &c." Smith had 
reprinted, with some observations, an Act of 
Common Council for restraining the expenses 
of the Lord Mayor, &c., and the notorious 
Judge began a series of illegal persecutions 
against him, despite his acquital by the jury; 
but iSmith was discharged by proclamation. 
From 1660 to 1688 he suffered constant persecu- 
tion for patriotic as well as religious causes, 
and was often imprisoned, and his books seized 
to the value of <1,400, including other damages. 
From 1671 to 1689 he was often imprisoned for 
religious convictions. In 1689 he had to appeal 
to White's-Alley Church for relief. He died 
December 22, 1691, after three years of tran- 
quility, and wag buried at Bunhill Fields, 
London, the monument, copied in Adam Tay- 
lor's History, I., 347, stating that he had been 
Keeper of the Customs to King William III. 
This stone was restored by his descendant, 
Thomas Cox, 1761. The Minute Book of the 
General Assembly, 1689 to 1728, shews that kx 
1692, "brother Beeves was authorized to go 
into Yorkshire to preach the gospel, plant 
churches, and set those in order that are 
there." JOHN COX attended the 1692 As- 
sembly as the Yorkshire representative, and 
some years afterwards was proposed as a 
candidate for the ministry in Yorkshire, and 
after some hesitation was approved by the 
Assembly. Probably he was the same man as 
John Cox, of York, who in 1701 maintained 
several strange notions, and pretended himself 
to be specially commissioned to restore the 
whole law of Moses, and against whom the 
Lincolnshire Baptist Association made its 
protest, 1702. All the Yorkshire societies died 
out before or about this date so far as can be 
discovered. The Sheffield Society applied in 
1(700 for assistance from Lincolnshire Associa- 
tion. 

In 1703 MB. EDWARD HOWABD was the 
Sheffield Minister. 

Before turning our attention to the Second 
Volume of Adam Taylor's History we may 
state that the two volumes are not only in- 
teresting, but they are rare, and Bell for 12s. 
at present. There was a split from the General 
Assembly in 1697, when the General Associa- 
tion was formed, but neither branch concerns 
us in Yorkshire, except as bordering on Lin- 
colnshire. 

From Vol. 2, we learn that the New Con- 
nection of General Baptists was formed in 
1770. (DAVID TAYLOR, ian evangelist em- 
ployed by Lady Huntingdon, occasionally 



itinerated in Yorkshire from about 1741, and 
his co-worker, Stephen Dixon, joined the 
Moravians in Yorkshire eoon afterwards. 
Dixon was expelled a year later, and his friend 
William Kendrick left the Brethren on that 
account, and both started a Baptist cause at 
Barton in Leicestershire. The cause in York- 
shire started in 1762 near Halifax. DAN 
TAYLOR, born 1738, preached his first sermon 
as a Methodist at Hipperholme in September, 
1761, but in June, 1762, he with John Slater, 
John Parker, William Crossley and a female 
whose name is not recorded, formed an inde- 
pendent Society at the Nook, Wadsworth, under 
a tree. In a few weeks the meeting place was 
fixed at Wadsworth Lanes in a cottage with the 
chamber floor partly removed, and the place 
was registered in autumn. During the week- 
days Taylor conducted a school there. Dan 
Taylor shortly afterwards adopted the Baptist 
doctrine, and became a Baptist, being immers- 
ed at Gamston in Notts., February, 1763. John 
Slater had gone with him, but was not baptised 
until their return to Wadsworth. They had 
learnt of the existence of some General Bap- 
tists in the Midlands, and Taylor attended 
their annual meeting at Lincoln in May, 1763, 
and the Wadsworth Society became affiliated 
therewith. In 1764 they built Birchcliff 
Chapel. The Yorkshire Society established a 
kind of Class-Meeting, called Weekly Ex- 
perience Meetings. In 1770 the Church had 
sixty-nine members. In 1762 the Rev. W. 
Thompson, of Hull, began to move his congre- 
gation towards General Baptist views, but left 
in 1763 for Boston in Lincolnshire, the new- 
chapel of which was opened June 24, 1764, 
when the Rev. Dan Taylor preached thrice. 
Mr. Taylor published the Memoirs of W. 
Thompson afterwards. They were the real 
workers in forming the New Connection at the 
Meetings at Lincoln, September, 1769, and 
London, June 7, 1770, when separation from 
the old association actually took place. Mr. 
Dan Taylor was chosen the first Chairman, and 
preached the Sermon. They were called Free 
Grace General Baptists to distinguish them 
from the old General Baptists. Dan Taylor's 
name appears first of nineteen who sign the 
Declaration of Faith. The Second Association 
meeting was also held in London, May 22-24, 
1771. Next year the London District and the 
Midlands (with Wadsrworth) had separate meet- 
ings, but this division weakened the southern 
section, and many of the societies declined. 
The northern a"iociation met in 1772 at Lough- 
borough, namely seven churches. Mr. Dan 
Taylor began to train ministers soon after 
this date, the REV. J. DEIACON, of Leicester, 
1782, was one of the earliest. In 1772 he was 
training young men as local preachers, 



HALIFAX BOOKS AUD AUTHORS. 



203 



RICHARD FOLDS, JOHN TAYLOR (Adam's 
brother), JEREMY INGHAM, who became 
minister at Maltby in Lincolnshire, 1775, 
where he remained until his death in 1798, and 
others. An offshoot from Birchcliff became 
established at Shore, and in 1777 a meeting 
house was opened there by the Taylor brothers. 
Queenshead Meetings had been established 
before Shore. The Halifax society in 1783 
urged for Mr. Dan Taylor as their minister, 
and it was eventually agreed to, whilst MR. 
.1OHN SUTCLIFFE became the minister at 
Birchcliff, which continued to prosper, and 
sent an offshoot to Worsthorn near Burnley in 

1776, and Richard Folds became minister, 1780, 
and removed to Longford in 1789, but left 
them next year. Early in 1772 John 
Bairstow, of Queenshead, became a con- 
vert, and with Jonathan Scott, promoted 
preachings at Queenshead Inn in November 
and December, 1772. The Rev. John Taylor 
was appointed minister, exchanging every 
fourth week with his brother at Bircholiff. 
The Church was formed in August, 1773, being 
the second to be established in Yorkshire, and 
the new Meeting-house opened, September 
29th, 1773, the day before the ordination of 
John Taylor, who removed from Halifax to 
Queenshead in November, 1774. In 1782 the 
Halifax Society was formed as an offshoot 
from Queenshead. In 1785, JONATHAN 
SCOTT became the minister at Gamston and 
Retford, where he died July 24, 1794, aged 54; 
and in 1784 JOSEPH ELLIS, of Queenshead, 
entered the ministry. In 1793 he was at Halifax, 
and was labouring there in 1818. The Halifax 
Society, after cottage preachings from 1772, 
first met in a hired chamber in Jail Lane in 
1775. The Haley Hill Chapel was opened on 
September 3rd, 1777, by the Taylor brothers. 
In 1780 J. BATES removed to Haley Hill and 
became the minister, in addition to conducting 
a school durinp- the week. We have mentioned 
him as an author and Independent Minister. 
He only remained at Haley Hill Chapel for 
a year. The Halifax Church became separated 
from the Queenshead one in 1782, and Mr. Dan 
Taylor was appointed its pastor in October, 
1783, but was induced to remove to London in 
July, 1785. Mr. Dan Taylor composed the 
Circular Letter, 1772, and also the next one, 

1777, and most of those issued annually from 
the latter date, notably 1779, which gives the 
nature of the Association. In 1800, MR. 
JAMBS TAYLOR, of Queenshead, younger son 
of the Rev. John Taylor, who had just finished 
his training at London Academy, where he was 
the first student, was chosen minister at Derby. 
In October, 1807, he removed to Heptonstall 
Slack. Mr. Sutcliffe, during whose ministry 
at Birchcliffe the chapel had been enlarged, 



1793, died October 4, 1799, aged about fifty. 
MR. A. BARKER was his successor. Mr. 
JOHN SPENCER was at that period the 
minister at Shore. In 1791 JOSEPH BINNS 
was dismissed from Queenshead to become 
minister at Gosberton, in Lincolnshire, and 
about 1795 removed to Bourne. In 1800 dire 
distress prevailed in Halifax district, and 
many respectable families had to enter the 
workhouse. In 1788, the REV. W. BURGESS, 
of Londpn, succeeded Mr. Dan Taylor at Hali- 
fax, but left because of the poverty of the 
people in April, 1791, to minister at Fleet, in 
Lincolnshire. In 1785 a cause was established 
at Longwood, and in 1789, MR. JOHN BOOTH, 
of Halifax, was called to the ministry there, 
walking between the two places for fifteen 
years without a salary. In 1804 his horse fell 
upon him when going to Leeds on business, 
and he was kept at home several months, hav- 
ing a broken leg. Meantime the struggling 
Longwood society dwindled away. Mr. Booth 
continued with the Halifax society until his 
death in 1813, at an advanced age. The pub- 
lications of Mr. Dan Taylor have been already 
recorded. A blind member at Wadsworth 
suggested an Academy, and in 1779 Mr. D. 
Taylor wrote for the public a "Plan," but the 
Academy was not established until January, 
1798, when the Rev. D. Taylor, London, be- 
came tutor. RICHARD INGHAM, of Hepton- 
stall Slack, had been sent to the London (Mile 
End) Academy, and settled at Duffield Chapel 
in August, 1812. The Birchcliffe minister in 
January, 1803, having suddenly left the neigh- 
bourhood, and his name being struck off the books 
they chose one of their members, H. HOLLIN- 
RAKE, as pastor, but he spent a year at the 
Academy under Mr. D. Taylor, July, 1804, to 
1805, and then returned to Birchcliffe. In 
1807, a split at Birchcliffe took place, and thus 
started the HeptonstaU Slack cause at an old 
meeting-house built by MR. THOMAS GREEN- 
WOOD was a century earlier. 

After his death it was frequently closed. 
MR. R. THOMAS for a lon e time preach- 
ed there and at Rodhill (Rothwell) End 
alternately, and the Reverend John Faw- 
cett preached in it until Hebden Bridge 
Chapel was erected. From Mr. Fawcett's re- 
moval to Hebden Bridge to the 1807 split it 
was seldom used. After the Slack Chapel was 
built by the General Baptists, the old meeting- 
house was used by them as a week-day and 
Sunday School. 

MR. JAMES TAYLOR, of Derby, be- 
came the first minister at the General 
Baptist Chapel, Slack, in October. 1807. T>>e 
new chapel was opened in October, 1808, by his 
father. Mr. Spencer continued at Shore after 
1817. In 1817 the Queenshead cause assisted in 



204 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



starting a congregation at Apperley Bridge, 
but no permanent society was established. 
Mr. Ellis .continued at Halifax until after 
1-817. MR, GEORGE. D'EAN, a Queenshead 
member, became minister at Burnley, in place 
of Mr. Foulds, who turned out to be a very un- 
suitable pastor. Th^ Shore denomination estab- 
lished an off-shoot at Lidgate. 

Mr. Burgess, of Fleet, died December 11. 1813. 

Mr. Dan Taylor died November 26, 1816. 

Members. Eetab. 

In 1817 Birchcliff had 199 ...'... 1763 

Heptonstall Slack 177 1807 

Shore 36 1795 

Queenshead 142 1773 

Halifax 71 1782 

Burnley 25 1780 

Lidgate 11 1816 

Stayleybridge "... 80 1808 

Total, Northern district 741 

In 1802, after the failure of Mr. Dan. 
Taylor's "General Baptist Magazine," the 
London Association requested the REV. ADAM 
TAYLOR to publish "The General Baptist 
Repository." It appeared half-yearly until 
1810 when quarterly issues commenced. 

" The General Baptist Repository : compre- 
hending Biographical and Historical Memoirs, 
Youths' Museum, Essays, Thoughts on Select 
Passages of Scripture, Anecdotes, Queries and 
Solutions, Correspondence, Extracts, Deaths, 
Missionary and Religious Intelligence, Origin- 
al Poetry and a Register oi General Baptist 

Occurrences, including Ordinations, &c 

published at the request of the New Connec- 
tion of General Baptists by Adam Taylor. 
Vol. II., London, [1808,] pages iv., 296, small 
octavo. Besides many references to the Rev. 
Dan Taylor and the Rev. John Taylor there 
is a. history of Queenshead General Baptist 
congregation, from 1772. 

There was no village at Queenshead when 
the Baptists started there. Besides the Queen's 
Head Inn, ?nd an older house near it that 
had been the inn, there were only a few scat- 
tered cottages, and the nearest village was 
two miles away. John Taylor and John 
Bairsto'W, converts to Dan Taylor, Baptist 
minister at Wadsworth, were the originators. 
After one Sunday at John Bairstow's, Hazle- 
hurst, the next meeting was at the old house 
near the Queen's Head, John Taylor takinp, 
three Sundays there and one at Wadsworth in 
exchange with his brother the Wadsworth 
minister. The new congregation built for 
themselves a chapel adjoining the Queen's 
Head, commencing to prepare the ground by 
boon labour Eiaster Monday, April 12, 1773. 
Mr. Dan Taylor begged about =660 outside the 



district, and they mustered ,20. The chapel 
was opened September 29, 1773, and next day 
Mr. John Taylor was ordained minister. He 
had resided at Halifax until his ordination. 
A branch was sent off to form a new church 
at Haley Hill, Halifax, in 1782, and Joseph 
Elllis, one of the Queeushead members, became 
its first minister. Another member, Joseph 
Binns, in Ii789 became minister at Gosberton, 
and later at Bourne. Mr. J. Scott had become 
a minister before these, proceeding to Retford 
and Gamston, but died before 1809. John 
Bates left the Baptist ministry to become In- 
dependent Minister. James Taylor was or- 
dained in 1804 over the Baptist Church at 
Derby, George Andrew and George Dean were 
ministers locally. A portrait of the Rev. Dan. 
Taylor, a prolific local author, appeared in the 
Gospel Magazine, and a larger one was an- 
nounced in the G.B. Repository, 1808. 



CX. PARTICULAR BAPTIST HISTORY. 



''MEMOIRS of the late WILLIAM CRAB- 
TREE. First Pastor of the Baptist Church at 
Bradford, to which is added a Sermon at the 
Ordination of the Rev. Joshua Wood, of Hali- 
fax, August 6, 1760. By Isaac Mann. Bradford, 
T. Inkersley, 1815, 120 pages, 12mo. The pre- 
face is dated Shipley, August, 1815. One of 
my copies has a portrait of Mr. Crabtree by 
Topham of Leeds, from the painting in pos- 
session of Mrs. L. Barraclough. William 
Crabtree was born in Wadsworth township, 
December 3rd, 1720, and lost both parents when 
an infant. He became a shalloon weaver. Like 
most of the biographies that concern that 
period we have dark pictures of the social and 
religious condition of the parish. Under 
Grimsha/w's sermons at Ha worth, he became a 
changed man, and attended Wainsgate Baptist 
Chapel, where MR, RICHARD SMITH, one 
of their number, became pastor in June, 1750, 
and Crabtree became Deacon, with Abraham 
Ashworth. The Rev. Alvery Jackson, of Bar- 
noHswick, and the Rev. Henry Clayton, of 
Heaton and Salendine Nook, were the ministers 
at Mr. Smith's ordination. The Rev. James 
Hartley, of Haworth, had attended Mr. Smith's 
ministry some years before 1750. In 1753 Mr. 
Crabtree was invited to become the first pastor 
of the Baptist Church, Bradford, and the 
Church was formed in December. John Faw- 
cett, afterwards D.D., joined the Bradford 
Church in 1758, and succeeded Mr. Smith at 
Wainsgate in 1763. Mr. Crabtree preached the 
ordination sermon printed with the memoir 
when, on August 6th, 1760, the REV. JOSHUA 
WOOD succeeded the REV. CHARLES BAM- 



MALlFAX BOdfcS A1*D AfrtfeORS. 



FORD at Halifax. Mr. Bamford afterwards 
ministered at Okennhaw (Blackburn), Accring- 
ton, and ''Fowl Moor," Scamnionden. Some 
df the Halifax members became Sahdemanians, 
whereupon Mr. Wood removed to Saleridine 
Nook. Mr. Crabtree assisted at the ofdinj^- 
tions of M r. C'olbeck Sugden at Cowling Hill, 
iin.l Mr. \Vilbraham at Bridlington, in i/760, 
Mr. Pawoett at Wainsgate in 1764, John Dra- 
cup at tiirigley in 1768, John Beatson at Button 
in 1769, John Hindle at Halifax in 1777, and 
in < -fablfehing churches at Leeds, Parsley, &c., 
1765, and sent out two ministers from his Brad- 
ford congregation, William Rowe, of Farsley, 
and William Shaw, of Collingham. Mr. Crab- 
tree died February 14, 181K He was author 
Of a funeral sermon oh the death of the Rev. 
James Hartley, Haworth, and a sermon at the 
opening of Mr. Price's chapel, Leeds, January, 
1789. He had also officiated at the following 
ordinations, David Kinghorn, Bishop Burton, 
1771; William Rowe, Sutton, 1771; John 
Bowser, Sunderland, 1777, and Shipley, 1782; 
Mr. Law, Wainsgate, 1779; Isaac Slee, Hawotth 
1781; Thomas Langdbn, Leeds, 1782; Thomas 
Mellor, Wainsgate, 1784; and several others. 

WILLIAM CRABTREE published "The 
Prosperity of a Gospel Church considered in 
a 1 Sermon delivered at the Ebenezer Chapel, 
Leeds, January 14, 1789." Bradford, for the 
author by George Nicholson; 6d., demy octavo, 
42 pages. Preface dated Bradford, February 
14, 1789. Lately published by the same author, 
"The Christian Minister's Farewell to his 
Flock, a Sermon occasioned by the Death of 
the Rev. James Hartley, late of Haworth." The 
full title of the book is "The Reign of Death, 
a Poem occasioned by the Deeeat^e of the Rev. 
James Hartley, late of Haworth, by John 
Fawcett; with a Funeral Sermon on the same 
occasion by WILLIAM CRABTREJfc." Leeds, 
C. Wright ami Son, for the authors, 1780, Is., 
octavo, 104 pages. Crabtree's Sermon is en- 
titled "The Chribiian Minister's Farewell to 
his Flook, and occupies pages 39-100. 

The Principles and Prospect^ of a Servant of 
Christ. A Sermon delivered at the Funeral of 
the late REV. JOHN STJTCLIFFE, A.M., o* 
Olney, on June 28tn, 1814, with a brief memoir 
of the deceased; by Andrew Fuller, 48 pages, 
Is. 6d. 

He was born near Halifax on the 9th of 
August, 1752, O.S., and when about seventeen 
he became a decided Christian under the Rev. 
John Fawcett, joining the church in May, 1769. 
In 1772 he entered Bristol Academy, and in 
1775 became minister at the Baptist Chapel, 
Olney. He was a great force in the Baptist 
Qhurch, both at home and in the mission world. 
He had a great thirst for reading, which not 
only led him to accumulate one of the best 
libraries in the country (theologically, that ie), 



but to endeavour to draw His people into a 
habit Of reading. His library lie presented to 
the Baptist College, Bradford, and I can speak 
of the rarity and numbers of its books, folio, 
quarto and octavo. Thfcre.is scarcely another 
like it Out of London. His friendship with 
John Newton and Cowper the poet give special 
Interest to the life of this local worthy. He 
died June 22nd, 1814. Mr. Fuller's biographical 
summary gives him a most excellent character. 
C'New Evang, Mag.," 1815.) The Revs. John 
Sutclitte (blney) and . Andrew Fuller (ketter- 
ing), published Two Discourses at the North- 
amptonshire Association, 1791, iimo., 30 pages. 
.*' A Brief History of the. BAPTIST CmlRCH, 
HEBDEN BRIDGE, Yorkshire; with .Ad- 
dresses given at the Centenary Services, held 
November 20, 1877. London, 1878, 12mo., pages 
iii., 94; frontispiece portrait of the Rev. .Dr. 
John Fawcett, from the engraving in Faw- 
cett's Bible; issued in boards and in cloth. 
The addresses are by the "Revs. Chas.. Williams, 
W. H. Ibberson, Dr. Stock, W. Medley, M.A., 
Jas. Dahn, and EL Parker, and Mr. J. S. 
Wright, of Birmingham. 

HANDBOOK OF BAPTIST CHURCH, 
RISHWORTH; Church .Formed 1803. Rip- 
ponden, W. H. Stansfield, printer, 1880. 18 
pages, 12mo. This booklet states that in 1800 
there wae no place of worship in the town- 
ship. Occasionally a local preacher would 
hold cottage meetings. A few inhabitants had 
joined the Baptist Chapel at Steep Lane. In 
November, 1801, Joseph Shaw, of Salendine 
Nook, was invited to hold monthly cottage 
meetings. Within twelve months they became 
weekly meetings. In the Spring of 1803 the 
foundation pf a new chape) was laid, on land 
secured in March, 1802. In April, 1803, nine 
members from Steep Lane, and four newly- 
baptized converts were formed into a church, 
at a meeting held in a barn at which four 
Baptist ministers officiated Mr. Hyde of 
Salendine Nook, Mr. tiirst of Bacup, Mr. Har- 
greaves of Ogden, and Mr. Rigby of Blackley; 
and by Autumn the chapel was opened. In 
November, 1806, MR. LUtE RCfEB'UCfe, of 
Sheffield, became pastor. In l8id a Sunday 
School was started, and in December, ,1812, 
Mr. Roebuck resigned. MR. THOMAS MEL- 
LOR was minister from iSlj until his death 
in April, 1852. In 1853 MR. ELY DYSOtt 
succeeded, but left in 1862. In 1864. MR. T. R. 
TAYLOR became minister and left in 1866. 

In 1871 MR. W. EDDtSON succeeded but 
only remained until. September, 1872. In 
January, 1874, the REV. J. WILKINSON wa* 
elected pastor, and he issued the "Handbook" 
in i880. Pages 6-15 giv e the Declaration of 
Faith and Church Covenant; 16-18, Order of 
Services, and hints on conduct of Members, &c. 

WILLIAM A. LIVINGSTONE, pastor at 



206 



HALIFAX BOOK8 AND AUTHORS. 



Brearley, has written: "These Sixty Years.- 
An Historical Account of Brearley Baptist 
Ohurch and Sunday School, 1845-1905." My- 
tholinroyd, Waddington and Sons, "News" 
Office, 50 pages, octavo, 1905. 

Dr. John Fawcett took up his residence at 
Brearley Hall about 1775, but removed to 
Ewood Hall a few years later, and the Baptist 
Meetings evidently were transferred also to 
Ewood. His eldest son Mr. John Fawcett was 
the chief worker in establishing a preaching 
place and Sunday School at Mytholmroyd in 
1799, but this venture ultimately died away. 
His second son James Fawcett, grandson of 
the Doctor, having built Greenfield, he, with 
Mr. John Hodgson and Mr. John Riley, in 
1845 established a Baptist cause again in 
Brearley. The Revs. John Crook, of Hebden 
Bridge, and Peter Scott, of Shipley, officiated 
at the formation of the Church in March, 1846. 
For seven years there was no settled pastor, 
but voluntary help was given by two of Mr. 
James Fawcett's brothers, MR. WILLIAM 
FAWCETT, who had been pastor at Sutton-in- 
Cravn, and Mr. Stephen Fawcett, a deacon 
at Hebden Bridge. MR. WILLIAM NICHOL- 
SON, printer and author, Halifax, afterwards 
minister at Steep Lane, Mr. Wm. Little wood, 
schoolmaster, Rochdale, and Dr. F. H. Bow- 
man of Halifax, now of Manchester, often 
preached at Brearley at that period. In 1853 
Mr. James Fawcett died, aged 55. There is a 
good portrait of him in the pamphlet, as also 
of his son John C. Fawcett, who died in Janu- 
ary, 1904, aged 83. In 1853 the REV. PETER 
SCOTT, a Scotchman, became the first minis- 
ter. He had been a student at Horton College 
four years, minister at Colne twelve years, at 
Shipley sixteen years, and Sutton six years, 
and he laboured at Brearley twelve more. In 
1865 he resigned, and died in October, 1866, at 
Steep Lane, at the house of the Rev. Wm. 
Haigh. In February, 1867, the REV. PHILIP 
LEWIS, from Rawdon College, settled as minis- 
ter. A new edifice was opened in 1875, the 
prime mover being Mr. John Hodgson, wh<.se 
portrait is given in the booklet. Mr. Lewie 
resigned in 1882, and removed to Chipping 
Camden. In July, 1883, the REV. FREDERICK 
ALLSOP succeeded .and remained until May, 
18%, when he removed to Northallerton. The 
REV. R. H. RIGBY, from Aylsham in Nor- 
folk, succeeded Mr. Allsop, but two mill-fires 
had driven the people elsewhere for work, and 
in less than three years he left the chapel and 
the denomination, becoming a, medical student 
at Leeds, and now practices at Pontefract. In 
1899, the REV. WM. A. LIVINGSTONE wa* 
appoined. The REV. RICHARD HOWARTH, 
of Heaton, Bradford, was brought up at 
Brearley. 



REV. ISAAC MANN, Baptist Minister, 
Shipley, Burslein, Maze Pond (London): 
" Short Discourse^ on the Lord's Prayer, chiefly 
designed for the use of Country Villages, by 
Isaac Mann, with a Recommendatory Preface 
by Rev. John Fawcett Hebden Bridge, and 
Rev. W. Steadman, Little Horton Academy." 
Printed at Hanley, 1814, 145 pages, 12mo. Mr. 
Mann's introduction is dated from Burslem, 
and states that the Short Discourses were de- 
livered at Steep Lane Baptist Chapel, Sowerby. 
The second edition has 151 pages, and the Brad- 
ford edition, 1823, 145 pages. His Life of 
Crabtree has just been mentioned. 

" The Triumph of Divine Mercy exemplified 
in the Life and Death of Mr. Joseph Mann, 
late of Bridlington, in the East of Yorkshire, 
to which are added Memoirs of Mrs. Ann Mann, 
wife of Mr. Joseph Mann." By I.(saac) 
Mann. Bradford, T. Inkersley, for the Author, 
1820, 52 pages, 12mo. The Author, a Baptist 
minister, dates the preface Shipley, May, 1820. 
His father, Joseph Mann, was born at Upper 
Limehouse, in Northowram, March 3, 1784. He 
was a shalloon weaver like his father William 
Mann, of that place, a Coley churchwarden. 
Joseph was brought up by his grandfather 
Crowther at Plowroyds until twelve years of 
age, when he returned to his parents until 
sixteen, and again removed to Mr. Crowther's. 
Before he was eighteen he became a soldier and 
served in Ireland above a year. He was half-a- 
year a labourer in Ireland, but got a chance 
to work his passage to Whitehaven, and thence 
trudged to Halifax. After labouring near 
Pontefract three years, he became a weaver of 
worsted stuffs at Boynton, near Bridlington, 
about 1768. After wanderings in Lancashire 
and Yorkshire he settled at Hunmanby, and 
married Ann Frankish, March 7, 1769, and 
joined the Wesleyans in 1781. 

The REV. JOSEPH GAWKRODGER, of 
Bridlington, missioned Hunmanby in the Bap- 
tist cause, and Joseph Mann became a convert 
in May, 1782. He brought up a large family, 
and lived in comfortable circumstances in his 
old age. In September, 1819, he removed to his 
eon's residence at Slhipley, and died March 16, 
1*820. Dr. Steadman preached his funeral ser- 
mon. Mrs. Ann Mann was born at Hun- 
manby in 1747, and died December 10, 1816. 
Their son Isaac Mann, M.A., was also a native 
of Hunmanby. 

I scarcely imagine the following will com- 
plete the list of Mr. Isaac Mann's publica- 
tions: 
" Enquire into Obligations to Missionise, by 

Dr. Carey, with Life of the Doctor," 12mo., 

60 pages. 
" Theological Essays on Christian Doctrines ot 

the Holy Scriptures," 12mo., pp. 238, printed 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



207 



by Inkertsley, Bradford, 1823. There is a list 
of Subscribers. 

"'Aohan discovered in the Camp of Israel," 
(Bradford, 1816,) Inkereley printed an edition 
at Bradford in 1824, 12mo., 51 pages. 

" Essays on the Atonement of Christ," second 
edition, 12mo., 204 pages. Inkersley's edition, 
1824, has 264 pages. 

4< Cottage Piety, or Use of True Religion in 
Humble Life," 12ino., 153 pages, printed by 
Inkersley, Bradford, 1625. 

" Christian Baptism considered," 12mo., 40 
pages, Bradford, 1825. 

" Importance of Christian Character," 1827, 
12nio.. 40 pages. 

" Memorials of Christian Friendship, '' 3rd 
edition, 12mo., 372 pages. 

" Eminence in Piety essential : a sermon to 
the Baptist Students, 1829." Preface dated 
London, 1829; 46 pages, printed the same 
year by John Vint, Idle. 

*' Twelve Lectures on Ecclesiastical History 
and Nonconformity," octavo, 54 pages. 

*' Strictures on Rev. N. T. Heineken's (Brad- 
ford) reply to Mr. William Carlisle (Dudley 
Hill, Bradford), in which is proved the close 
alliance that exists between Socinianism and 
Deism," octavo, pages xi., 196. Bradford, T. 
Inkersley, 1826. 

*' Sauls' Visit to the Witch of Endor, a Sermon 
delivered at Shipley, October 11, 1818." The 
first edition was dated from Crag Cottage, 
Windhill, September 11, 1844, by Wm. Peel, 
for gratuitous distribution. The second 
edition of 3.000 was printed by John Vint at 
Shipley, 1852, 23 pages, for Wm. Peel. 
Bishop Isaac Mann, of Cork, K781, was not 

connected with Yorkshire, I presume. 



CXI. PARTICULAR BAPTISTS' 
ASSOCIATION. 



Nature and Importance of Repentance. The 
Ministers of the Denomination of Particular 
Baptists assembled in Association at Hebden 
Bridge, June 11 and 12, 1794, send greeting to 
the Several Churches they represent. 

" Thoughts on Revival of Religion, by J. 
Fawcett, M.A.," 24 pages. Halifax, Holden 
and D<yw8on, 1802. 

" Family Religion. The Ministers of the 
several Baptist Churches assembled in Associa- 
tion at Bacup, May 31, June 1, 1803, send 
Christian Salutation to the respective com. 

muni ties at Barnoldsiwick, Cowling 

Hill, Qildersome, Halifax, Hebden Bridge, 
Leeds, Masbro', Rawden, Salendine Nook, 
Sutton, Wainsgate, (and ten congregations in 
Lancashire.)" Halifax, Holden and Dowson, 
1803, duodecimo, 24 pages. 



" The Christian's Love to the Word of God. 
The Ministers of the several Baptist Churches 
assembled in Association at Hebden Bridge, 
May 23 and 24, 1804, send," &c., the same 
churches with Blackburn omitted. Halifax, 
Holden and Dowson, 1604, 24 pages. The 
Northern Education Society was established at 
this meeting, from which Horton College had 
its origin. 

' The Nature and Importance of Christian 
Watchfulness. The Ministers of the several 
Baptist Churches, assembled in Association at 
Salendine Nook, June 5 and 6, 1805, send," &c. 
(Rochdale and Sheffield are added.) Rochdale, 
J. Hartley, 1805, 24 pages. 

JOHN FAWCBTT, A.M., was author of 
"The Important Journey from this World to 
the Next; a Sermon at the Bradford Associa- 
tion (Baptist), June, 1810. Halifax, P. K. 
Holden, 6d. 32 pages, no date. 

The Profitable Hearing the Word; a Circular 
Letter addressed to the several Baptist 

Churches meeting at Barnoldswick, 

Bradford, Bramley, Cowling Hill, Gildereome, 
Halifax, Hebden Bridge, Leeds, Masbro', 
Ogden, Pendle Hill. Rawden, Rush worth, 
Salendine Nook, Sheffield, Sutton in Craven, 
Wainsgate, York, and ten in Lancashire : 
Manchester Association Meeting, June 5 and 
6, 1811v Halifax, P. K. Holden, Hall End, 
demy octavo, 20 pages. 

Baptist Association of Lancashire and York- 
shire: Two Sermons at the Baptist Associa- 
tion Meetings at Hebden Bridge, 1814, by 
Messrs. Stephens and Steadman. Halifax, 
Holden, 1814, 46 pages, 8vo., Steadman's Ser- 
mon was on the Cross of Christ, 24 pages. 

" The Advantages of Union among Brethren: 
A Sermon preached to the Baptist Association 
for the Counties of York and Lancaster at 
Hebden Bridge, May 29th, 1828, by PETER 
SCOTT." Colne, H. Earnshaw, 1828, demy 
. octavo, 64 pages. "The Author's first attempt 
at publication," dated Colne, November, 1628. 
Mr. Scott settled afteiVards at Idle, and 
Brearley near Halifax. 

" The Practicability and Advantages of fre- 
quent Intercourse between the Churches with 
a view to their general prosperity. The Circu- 
lar Letter of Yorkshire and Lancashire 

Association, assembled at Halifax, June 10 
and 11, 1829. Colne, H. Earnshaw, 1829, demy 
octavo, 13 pages. 

The Yorkshire Churches in the Association, 
with their ministers, were, Barnoldswick 
(Smith), Bradford two (Steadman, Godwin), 
Bramley (Colcroft), Cowling Hill (Walton), 
Earby (Wilkinson). Farsley (Foster), Gilder- 
some (Scarlett), Halifax (Thompson), Heaton 
(Spooner), Hebden Bridge (Jackson), Horeforth 
(Yeadon), Keighley (Nichols), Leeds (Ack- 



HALIFAX BOOtS ANE 



worth), Maabrt' (Welsh), Meltham ( ), 

Bavvden (Hughes), Rishworth (Mellor), Salen- 
dine Nook (Hyde), Sheffield (LarOm), Shipley 
(Edwards), Steep Lane, Button, Wainsgatfe 
(Holroyd). 

"The History of the Yorkshire and Lanca- 
shire Association." The Circular Letter oi 
the West Riding 6f Yorkshire Association of 
Baptist Churches assembled in Halifax, May 
22nd and 23rd, 1839, maintaining generally 
the doctrines, &c., &c. Bradford, 1639, 23 
pages. 

A Centenary Memorial of the Lancashire and 
Yorkshire Association of Baptist Churches, 
1837. Bramley, 80 pages. 

'"The Circular Letter of the West Riding 
df Yorkshire Association of Baptist Churches, 
May 17-19, 1842," printed at Leeds by John 
Heaton, is not immediately connected with 
Halifax except that the bulk of the 47 pages 
are devoted to ''A Historical Account of the 
Churches in the Association," by Mr. Dowson, 
of Bradford. It is a pity he did not enlarge 
upon these sketches for he was just the man 
to give a respectable history of the denomina- 
tion in Yorkshire. We will give the lists of 
ministers connected with Halifax up to 1842, 
as recorded by Mr. Dowson, because the namefl 
may suggest the writers of pamphlets not 
otherwise mentioned in this series, and as 
there is no Yorkshire Baptist History the ap- 
proximate dates of the establishment of the 
Particular Baptists in the Riding may be use- 
ful for reference: 

1680, Rawdon, wrongly spelt Raw den many 

years. 

1698 or earlier, B&rnoldswick in Craven, 
claimed now to be the oldest in York- 
shire. 

*[1703, Rodhill End, defunct.] 
1711, Sutton in Craven. 
1743, Salendine Nook, near Huddersfield. 
1749, Gildersome. 

*1750, Wainsgate, near Heptonstall. 
*1751, Steep Lane in Sowerby. 
1752, Haworth. 

1752, Shipley. 

1753, Bradford. 
*1755, Halifax. 

1756, Cowling Hill, near Kildwick. 
1762, Bingley. 
1774, Bramley. 
1777, Farsley. 
*1777, Hebclen Bridge. 
1779, Leeds. 
1882, Long Preston. 

1788, Pole Moor, near Slaithwaite>. 
*1789, Blackley, near ElJand. 

1789, Rotherham. 
1795, Lockwood. 
1801, Horsforth. 



*1803, Rishworth, near Ripponden. 
*1807, Millwood near Cross-stone. 

1808, Idle. 

1809, Keighley. 
1811, Meltham. 

1815, Wakefield. 

1816, Earby iti Craven. 

1819, Ossett. 

1820, Chapel Fold. Heckmcmdwike. 

1820, Slack, near Keighlfcy. 

1821, Haworth Hall Greeni 

1822, Crigglestotife. 
1824, Bradford second. 
1824, Mirfield. 

1826, Stanningloy. 

1826, Hedton, re-joined Bradford 1 1840. 

1832, Hunslet. 

1835, Golcar. 

1836, Cullinglworfch. 
1836, Sheffield second. 

Of these forty-three, the seven starred ones 
oome within the Halifax borders. The intro- 
duction of cotton manufacturing to Brig- 
house brought many Baptists from Rippon- 
den district, and they attempted to fbi-rn a 
society about 1859, but failed. 

The WAINSGATE! pastors have been : Mr. 
Richard Smith 1(750, died 1763; Mr. John Faw- 
cett 1764, left in 1777; Mn. John Law, Mr. 
George Mellor, Mr. William Wrathall. Mr. 
John Parker 1790, died 1793, aged 68; Mr. John 
B'rearley 1798, resigned 1799; Mr. Isaac Nor- 
mington 1800, Mr. Mark Holroyd 1810, resigned 
in 1835 and removed afterwards to America, 
Mr. Joseph Garside 1837, removed to Ogden 
1839. There was no minister in 1842. The 
Rev. John Sutcliffe, of Olney, went from this 
church in 1771, into the ministry. 

The Steep Lane pastors have been Mr. 
Matthew Scott 1751, Mr. John Dracup, a 
native of Idle, 1761, but removed after seven- 
teen years to Rodhill Etod, near Hebden 
Bridge. The Methodists occupied the Steep 
Lane Chapel at the first, and these ministers 
were not Blaptists. The place must hate been 
carried on apart froin Methodism. Ifl 1779 
Mf. James Bartle became the pastor, and held 
the office until 1784, when Mr. Dracrtp was 
asked to return, which he did as a Baptist, 
and remained until hi s death, May 28, 1795. 
He published a Hymn Book that is very rare 
now. The story of Rodhill End Chapel needs 
its be sought out. Mr. Wm. Wratha'H, former- 
ly at Wainsgate, and Mr. John Moss were suc- 
cessively ministers after Mr. Dracup, and in 
October, 1807, the Rev. Isaac Mann Came, be- 
iftg ordained in August, 1809, and 1 removed to 
Shipley, Burslem, and Ma2e Pond, London. 
Mr. Thomas Milnes succeeded at Steep Lane 
in 181il and removed to Haslingden in 182$. 
Next year Mr. Lawrence Sharw came and fotir 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



209 



years later left for MaLton. Mr. Joseph Shaw 
followed in 1829 and resigned in 1835. The 
pastorate was vacant in 1842. The second 
chapel was erected in 1820. 

The Halifax Baptist miiiistir.s have been 
Mr. Bamford 1755, who had been a member 
of the Bacup church, and removed in 1760, 
settling successively at Accrington, Tottlebank, 
Heyburn, Littleborough, and Pole Moor, 1793, 
died there September, 1604. In August, 1760, 
Mr. J. Wood, late an Independent Minister at 
Wakefield, became the Halifax pastor, and 
soon after land was secured for a chapel. A 
score of the members having embraced Sand- 
emanian teaching were expelled, and other dis- 
turbances led Mr. Wood to resign. He after- 
wards settled at Salendine Nook. In 1772 
Mr. William Hartley, a Wainsgate member, 
trained under Mr. Faiwcett for a short period, 
\vu-i chosen pastor, but resigned in 1779. He 
was at Bing-ley in 1792. Another of Mr. Faw- 
oett's student's followed, namely, Mr. Hindle, 
a popular preacher but very irritable, who left 
in 1789, and had several short pastorates after 
that date. Mr. T. Cherry, from Wellington. 
Somerset, was the next pastor at Halifax, but 
a discontented section caused him to resign 
in 1790. Discontent continued until December, 
1792, when Mr. Win. Hartley returned to the 
office, but left in 1795, and was followed by 
Mr. Wade, from Accrington, who left in 1799 
for Hull. Mr. William Ackroyd, a member of 
the Hebden Bridge Church, became pastor in 
1800, and resigned in January, 1825. He died 
April 30, 1826. An offshoot at Halifax return- 
ed to the parent church when Mr. C. Thomp- 
son, a student from Hoi-ton, was ordained in 
August, 1826. He issued a pamphlet, 

Triumphs of the Gospel : A Sermon preached 
in the Baptist Chapel, Halifax, October 1, 1826, 
by Charles Thompson, Halifax. 1826. 

In January, 1831, Mr. Whitewood succeeded, 
and a new chapel was opened in September, 
1834. Mr. Whitewood was minister in 1842. 

The Hebden Bridge ministers have been pre- 
viously mentioned: Rev. John Fawcett, 1777, 
died July, 1817. Amongst the ministers he 
trained were William Ward, Serampore mis- 
sionary and author; John Fawcett, junior, 
who started a pastorate at 17 years of age; 
William Fawcett, his brother, of Barnoktewick 
and Sutton, who died at Florence, December 
17. 1874, father of William Mitchell Fawcett, 
barrister; John Foster, of Bristol, essayist; 
John Sutcliffe, of Olney; W. Ackroyd, of Hali- 
fax; John Sutcliffe, of Millwood; Townsend, 
of Accrington; Joseph White, evangelist at 
Bradford. For the Mytholmroyd School, Mr. 
Fawcett wrote the booklet, " John Wie." In 
1816 Mr. Abraham Webster, of Pole Moor, 
succeeded Dr. Fawcett and resigned next year. 



He oarae from Liverpool to Pole Moor in 1808; 
returned to Pole Moor in 1823, and died in 1828. 
In 1621 Mr. John Jackson came from Accring- 
t'on, but left in 1832. In 1834 Mr. John Crook, 
from Boroughbridge, succeeded to the pastor- 
ate and held it in 1642. 

The Blackley ministers were Mr. James 
Cartledge, the founder of the cause, 1789, who 
gave his services frequently* Mr. Hindle was 
the first settled minister. He came from Hou- 
ley in Staffordshire to Elland and thence to 
Blackley. After two years he removed to Hull. 
He was at Halifax in 1789. He was only two 
years at Blackley, the congregation being much 
reduced. In 1796 Mr. John Rowland, from 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, settled at Blackley and 
removed to Pershill in March, 1798. Mr. John 
Rigby, from Bramley followed in May, 1798, 
and held the post until December, 1839. In 
1841 Mr. Joseph Hirst, a member at Pole MOOT 
was chosen, and ordained in April, 1842. 

The Rishworth pastors have been Mr. Luke 
Roebuck, of Sheffield, January, 1807. In 
1815, November, Mtf. Thomas Mellor, of the 
Salendine Nook Church, was chosen and held 
his post in 1842. 

Millwood ministers have been Mr. John 
Sutcliffe, the first minister, who held the pastor- 
ate till his death. The congregation started 
with some members of the Inghamite Church at 
Harley Wood, near Todmorden, who with their 
minister were expelled on account of holding 
"Believer's Baptism." Ingham's books will be 
elsewhere mentioned. Th'e expelled party be- 
gan to meet at the disused Rodhill End Chapel 
(built about 1703, as a branch from Rossendale.) 
Mr. Dracup, who became the pastor in 1772, 
left after a few years. The ex-Inghamites dis- 
posed of the meetinghouse at Rodhill End to 
the Methodists, and built the Millwood chapel 
in 1808. In 1816 Mr. John Driver succeeded 
Mr. Sutcliffe and remained about thirteen 
years; afterwards settling at Lumb in Rossen- 
dale. Mr. Wm. Fawcett, Horton students, and 
others served the pulpit from 1829 to 1836, 
when Mr. Templeton followed, but left in 1837 
for America. Mr. Baker, of Horton College, 
accepted the pastorate in 1842. 

Other Baptist ministers referred to in 
this pamphlet who were identified with Hali- 
fax parish are John Parker, a native of Bar- 
noldswick, who succeeded Alvery Jackson, at 
Barnoldswick, in 1763. Parker died at Wains- 
gate. 

John Dracup in 1768 settled at Bingley. and 
was ordained but removed soon after to Roch- 
dale. 

William Hartley in 1779 was ordained at 
Bingley, retired at the close of 1790. removing 
successively to Lockwood, 1795 1804, Newcastle 
and Stockton; at the latter place he died, aged 
82. 



210 



HALIFAX BOOKS JLND AUTHORS. 



William Crabtree, of Bradford, whose works 
are elsewhere described. He died February 14, 
1811, aged 90. 

John Sharp had formerly been preacner 
amongst the Ingha-rnites, but had left ihpm 
and joined the Halifax Baptists. He was or- 
dained at Farsley in June, 1807, but had be+n 
a Baptist preacher some years before. He died 
at Farsley in September, 1821, aged 78. His 
son, the Rev. Daniel Sharp, D.D., became a 
notable Baptist Minister in Boston, U.S.A. 

Benjamin Dickinson, from the Halifax Bap- 
tist Church, became the first minister of the 
Rotherham Church, then Independent, but 
eventually embracing Baptist doctrines, about 
1789. It is not unlikely that he was a descend- 
ant of the Northowram minister. 

Henry Clayton, a Baptist of Rodhill-End, 
preached for some years at Salendine Nook be- 
fore the Chapel was established in 1743, when 
he was chosen pastor, and continued in the 
office thirty-three years. He died December, 
1776. 

Isaac Mann, student at Horton, became 
minister at Bursiem, removed to Shipley iti 
August, 1814, Maze Pond in London in October, 
1826, where he died. 

Peter Scott came from Cblne to Shipley in 
.January, 1831, and settled in Halifax parish 
afterwards. 

John Walton, from the Halifax church, be- 
-came minister at Sutton, and was ordained in 
1780 and resigned in 1808 on account of old age. 

The West Riding Association was separated 
from the Lancashire one in 1837 at the Halifax 
Meeting. In 1838 the first meeting was held 
at Leeds; Mr. W. Fawcett wrote the Circular 
Letter. The 1839 meeting was at Halifax, 
when Mr. Larom wrote the Circular Letter on 
the History of the two Associations. The 1840 
meeting was at Bradford, and the 1841 at 
Sheffield. 

The Rev. Abraham Greenwood, a native of 
Delph, but elsewhere stated as of Barnoldswick, 
by Lewis, was a student under the Rev. John 
Fawcett, Bwood Hall. His mother died at 
Oolne, October 9, 1793, aged 72, as stated in 
the '' Evangelical Magazine.'' One of her 
daughters was the wife of the Rev. William 
Armitage, Independent Minister at Chester. 
Abraham Greenwood, about 1800, became minis- 
ter at Bingley, and was succeeded by John 
Greenwood in 1806. MR. ABRAHAM GREEaNf- 
WOUD was author of a very rare book: "An 
Affectionate Address to Young People, publish- 
ed with a design of engaging their attention to 
those subjects which most affect their present 
and future welfare:" printed and sold at 
Brearley Hall, near Halifax, 1796, duodecimo, 
41 pages, Hvith leaf of advertisement, signed 
John Fawcett, July, 1796, announcing Miscel- 



lanea Sacra, No. li, monthly at 3d. each, one 
sheet each time to contain "part of the Works 
of that eminently pious and persecuted Di- 
vine of the last century, the Rev. Oliver Hey- 
wood, and in the remaining part will be in- 
serted Original Pieces, &c. The Works of Mr. 
Heywood are very scarce and yet extremely 

valuable. The Editor has in his possession 

a diary in MS., written by Mr. Heywood's own 
hand; he is also furnished with many particu- 
lars of the Life of this excellent man which 
he means to communicate to the public." Mi. 
Fawcett' s other books are advertised . Advice 
to Youth, 4tli edition; Anger, 2nd edition; 
Parker's Life and Letters; English Exercises, 
two parts; Cross of Christ, 2d. ; Hymns, Id.; 
Baptist Catechism, 2d.-, Sure Way to be Happy, 
Id. 

The History of the Baptist Church, Barnolds- 
wick, by the Rev. Evan R. Lewis, 1893, pages 
xii., 87, demy octavo, printed at Cwmavon, 
gives interesting particulars of David Crossley, 
Alvery Jackson, Abraham Greenwood and 
John Parker. Abraham Greenwood was born 
at Barnoldswick, Jamiary 21, 1749-50. He be- 
came a pupil of Mr. Armitage, Independent 
Minister at Delph, and for nearly three years 
under Mr. Fawcett. He married Alvery Jack- 
son's daughter, and became pastor successively 
at Rochdale, Dudley, Oakham, and Killin- 
holme (Lincolnshire), and was at the last place 
twenty years. He published also a pamphlet 
on Baptism, which was also issued in Welsh. 



CXIL MORE BAPTIST LITERATURE. 



RE,V. W. WALTERS: 

The Halifax Lectures; third series. No. 7. 
Martin Luther, a Lecture; in the Odd Fellows' 
Hall, Halifax, Sunday, February 27, 1859; Id. 
Halifax, Wm. Nicholson, Cheapside, 16 pages, 
octavo. 

The Second Series, ten Lectures, Id. each, 
or in a volume at Is., advertised as on sale. 

SLEE, of Ha worth, who died January 13, 
1784, (see "Yorks. Geneal." Vol. II., 285); 
Memoirs of the late Rev. Isaac Slee, first a 
presbyter of the English Established Church, 
and afterwards Pastor of the Baptist Church 
at Haworth. By Charles Whitfield," 12mo., 
pages xi., 187. Halifax, 1801. 

T. H. HUDSON, late Missionary in the 
West Indies. 

" Christian Socialism, explained and en- 
forced, and compared with Infidel Fellowship, 
especially as profouiided by Robert Owen and 
his disciples." Halifax, Nicholson and Wil- 
son, 1839, pa.ges iii., 320, small octavo; inscrib- 
ed to the Baptist Congregation. Queenshead. 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



211 



Preface dated Queenshead, May, 1839. Some 
copies bear for the title page, "The Young 
Man's Defence against Infidelity." A copy in 
Halifax Free Library bears the date 1844, 
London. 

THE REV. JAMBS TAYLOR, nephew of Dan, 
became minister at the Slack Chapel. He is- 
sued a "Brief Supplement to Dr. Watte' 
Hymn Book." ADAM TAYLOR was of the 
same family. He published the history of the 
General Baptists, and Lives of Dan Taylor, 
John Taylor, and other books. I believe there 
is a copy of the following item in the Halifax 
Free Library. 
JOHN TAYLOR: 

' Memoirs of the Rev. John Taylor, late 
Pastor of the General Baptist Church at 
Queenshead, near Halifax, chiefly compiled 
from a MS. written by himself; by' Adam 
Taylor." London, 1821. 

The Christian Religion, an Exposition of its 
Leading Principles . Practical Requiremjetnts, 
and Jbixperimental Enjoyments; by the REV. 
DAN TAYLOR, with Life of the Author. 1820. 

A Sermon occasioned by the death of Mrs. 
Elizabeth Taylor, with a short Account of her 
Life, and Description of her Character, by 
D. TAYLOR; 82 pages, IB. 1794. London. 

The Cause of National Calamities and the 
certain means of preventing or removing 
them; a sermon on i. Sam. xii., 14, by D. 
Taylor, 40 pages, octavo; Is. 

The Consistent Christian, or Truth, &c., re- 
commended to Professors: Substance of five 
sermons, corrected, 2nd edition, with appendix; 
100 pages, octavo, 1795, Is. 6d. The sermons 
were delivered in 1783 at Wadsworth. 

A Good Minister of Jesus Christ, a Sermon 
on the death of Dr. S. Stennett, by DAN 
TAYLOR, 40 pages, octavo, 6d. 

A Letter to the Churches on the Universal- 
ity of our Saviour's Death; printed at the re- 
quest of the (Baptist) General Assembly, by 
D Taylor, 24 pages, 3d. 

Memoirs of the Life, Character, Experience, 
Ac., of the late Rev. Wm. Thompson, of Bos- 
ton, Lincolnshire, with Discourse occasioned 
by 'his death, by Dan Taylor. 12mo. 

Letters on the duties of Church Members to 
each other; 3d. 

Nature and Importance of Preparatory 
Studies prior to entering the Christian Min- 
istry: A Sermon at Loughborough Academy, 
by D. Taylor; Is. 

Jsus the only begotten Son of God; versus 
D. Davies; in seven letters by Rv. D. Taylor; 

(Rev Dan Taylor died November 26, 1816.) 
The Entire Works of the REV. DAN TAY- 
LOR late pastor of the General Baptist 
Church, Whitechapel, London, edited by his 
nephew, Adam Taylor, was announced m the 



Evangelical Magazine, October, 1831, as pre- 
paring for publication in 2 vols., demy 8vo. 
Halifax Discussion: 

" The Credibility and Morality of the Four 
Gospels. The only authorized and verbatim 
Report of the Five Nights' Discussion at Hali- 
fax, between the RFjV. T. D. MATTHIAS, 
Baptist Minister; and Iconoclast. Sheffield, 
Robertshaw, 1860, pages iv., 164, crown octavo. 
Preface signed By Iconoclast, Sheffield, Janu- 
ary, 1860. 

THE REV. W. JONES, minister at Hebden 
Bridge Chapel, had previously been master of 
a Board School in Bradford. My friend had 
been trained like myself at the British Col- 
lege, Borough Road, London, and relinquished 
his school in Bradford for the pastorate of 
Leeds Road Baptist Chapel, Bradford, whence 
he passed to Hebden Bridge. In Bradford he 
wrote "Education and Temperance; a paper 
read at a Conference of Teachers, April 7, 
1877, eight pages, Bradford Band of Hope 
Union." 

REV. JAMES HARTLEIY, Ha!worth, a 
Wainsgate convert, was author of "The 
Head-stone brought forth; a Sermon occasion- 
ed by the Death of Mr. Joseph Greenwood." 
1755. 

" The Trial of the Two Opinions, tried, &c." 
1767. 

" The Christian's Triumph over Death and 
the Grave; a Sermon occasioned by the De- 
cease of Mrs. Beatson," 1744. Further particu- 
lars are given in Dr. Fawcett's Life, page 
206. 

Mr. Hartley's memory is commemorated in 
a pamphlet previously recorded: 

" Poem by John Fawcett, and Funeral Ser- 
mon by Wm. Crabtree, on the Decease of Rev. 
James Hartley." Leeds, 1780, 104 pages. 

" Divine Mercy, or the Refuge of Sinners in 
distress; a discourse at the Funeral of Mrs. 
Littlelwood, Rochdale, May, 1799, by J. FAW- 
CETT, with address by J. Hindle," 50 pages 
octavo. Is. 

Thoughts on Christian Communion, 2nd edi- 
tion enlarged; by J. FAWCETT, Junior, 
I2ny>., 60 pages, 6d. 

" Shore General Baptist Chapel Centenary, 
August 11, 1877. A paper by the REV. J. K. 
CHAPELLE"; pamphlet. There is a Quaker 
burial ground, with stones dating from 1663, 
near the Chapel. The Shore Ministers have 
been REV. W. NICHOLSON, 1781, REV. J. 
STANSFrBLD REV. J. SPENCER, 1819, REV. 
J MIDGLEY, 1819, RFJV. W. ROBBRTSHAW, 
1844, REV. JOSEPH HORSFALL, 1852, REV. T. 
GILL, 1862, REV. J. MADEN, 1868, REV. J. 
K. CHAi-aLLB, 1876. 

Mr. Nicholson's name frequently appears in 
these papers as an author and publisher. 



212 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



The Yorkshire Baptist Year Book for 1005 
gives us nearly a complete list of the congre- 
gations, both General and Particular, within the 
Halifax Parish boundaries: 
Halifax, Pellon Lane, 1755. 

North Parade, 1774, D. Tait Patterson, 
1904. 

Trinity Eoad, 1851. 

Lee Mount, 1892, D. B. Davies, 1899. 

Pellon, 1903, A. Charlton, 1904. 
Hebden Bridge, Birchcliffe, 1763. [The Rev. H. 
Hollinrake, pastor here, died in Janu- 
ary, 1855, aged 79.] 

Brearley, 1846, W. A. Livingstone, 1899. 

Heptonstall Slack, 1807, B. G. Thomas, 1903. 

Mope, 1777, Wm. Jones, 1891. 

Nazebottom, 1872, (P. R. Monk, removed 
to Borough Eoad, London). 

Wainsgate, 1750, J. Jack, 1901. 
Norland, 1864. 
Rishworth, 1803. 

Sowerby Bridge, 1884, J. Fox, 1896. 
Steep Lane, 1779, W. Haigh, 1864. 
Todmorden, Roomfield, 1717, H. Briggs, 1871. 

Wellington Road, 1645, T. Cotes, 1888. 

Lydgate, 1859, W. L. Stevenson, 1884. 
West Vale, 1871, D. R. Lewis, 1895. 
Blackley, 1793, R. Briggs, 1874. 
Mland Edge 1863, T. R. Lewis, 1897. 
Queensbury, 1773, G. Binns, 1900. 

Annual Meetings of the Yorkshire Union have 
been held at Halifax in 1856, 1865, 1875, 1891; at 
Hebden Bridge, 1850, 1867, 1885; and at Room- 
field in 1901. Shore Baptist Chapel, though not 
in this list, is in Yorkshire. 

JOHN SUTCLIFFE was born about four 
miles from Wainsgate, on the borders of Lan- 
cashire. His parents attended Rodhill End 
Baptist Chapel fortnightly, and the alternate 
Sunday, when Rodhill Elnd was closed 
they went to Wainsgate. In 1769, 
when in his seventeenth year, John 
joined Wainsgate Baptists. He was then 
assistant at Dan Taylor's School at Birchcliffe. 
In 1771 John resided at Straithey Head. Be- 
fore 1773, he had joined the Bristol College, 
having walked the 200 miles in about seven 
days. In October, 1775, he became minister at 
Olney, after a short term at Trowbridge, and 
six months at Shrewsbury and six at Birming- 
ham. He died June 22, 1814, having bequeathed 
his library to Horton Baptist College, Brad- 
ford. Another Rev. John Sutcliffe, school- 
master, Heptonstall, died April, 1876. He had 
been Baptist minister at Staley Bridge eigh- 
teen years before returning to his native place. 

MR, JOSHUA WOOD, Baptist Minister at 
Halifax, was born in October, 1734, became 0^- 
casional preacher at Shipley, Leeds and Wake- 
field amongst Congregationalisms. He settled 
as a Blaptist at Halifax, and afterwards be- 



came co-pastor at Salendine Nook with the Rev. 
Henry Clayton. For a short time he was 
minister at Prescott in Devonshire. Mr. Wood 
died in September, 1794. He was author of an 
Association letter on Religious Zeal. His ser- 
mon at the ordination of Mr. Cra.btree appeal's 
in Isaac Mann's Life of Crabtree, Bradford 
1815. 

Rodhill End (or Rodwell End) and Stone 
SlacK were Baptist preaching places about three 
miles asunder. THOMAS GREENWOOD was 
the first pastor and died in 1742. He was suc- 
ceeded by RICHARD THOMAS, who died in 
1772, and the REV. JOHN DRACUP was the 
third. 

HYMNS AND SPIRITUAL SONGS. By 
John Dracup, Minister of the Gospel at Sower- 
by. Bolton, printed by B. Jackson, 1787; pages 
iv., 3-70, 12nio. 

There are sixty-four poems in this book, 
evidently all composed by the Baptist Minister 
of Sowerby. As the book is exceedingly rare, 
and sells at 10 shillings, I append a specimen 
(two verses of six) of his poetical abilities : 

that I coxild but now lay hold 
By faith on Christ my Lord ! 

that I now, divinely bold, 
Could venture on his Word ! 

What ai] this tim'rous heart of mine ? 
This heart of unbelief: 

If I can all to Him resign, 

Why walk I thus in grief. 
He was a native of Idle, and broth- 
er of Nathaniel Dracup, of Horton, a Metho- 
dist pioneer of Bradford. In the Hebden Bridge 
Almanack, 1875, there is a sketch history of 
Roddall Hey Independent (afterwards Baptist) 
Chapel, giving the names of the trustees, May 
1st, 1704, and their successors in 1760, and 1776. 
It was sold to the Wesleyans in 1808. 

The Halifax Trinity Eoad Baptist Church 
Held its Jubilee in 1901. It was formed from 
Pellon Lane in May, 1851s and held its first 
meetings at the Assembly Rooms in Woolshops 
and the Mechanics' Institute in Horton Street. 
In November, 1851, the ground was bought, and 
in August, 1852, the stone-laying took place. 
The EEV. WM. WALTERS, of Camberwell, be- 
came the first settled pastor in July, 1853. The 
chapel was opened in August, 1854. In May. 
1860, Mr. Walters left, and after a short tem- 
porary charge under the EEV. T. B. PIKE, the 
REV. JOHN HORN, of Rochdale, became min- 
ister in September, 1860. From May, 1862, the 
REV. JONATHAN BASTOW. of Madison Col- 
lege, U.S.A., occupied the pulpit for a few 
months, and the REV. JOSEPH DREW, of 
Newbury, for eleven months. In November, 
18C5, the EEV. FREDERICK TIMMIS suc- 
ceeded, but left in February, 1870. The REV. 
J. H. GORDON had temporary charge for four 



HALIFAX BOOKS AND AUTHORS. 



months. In the autumn of 1871 the REV. 
.1 A M KS PARKER came from Salendine Nook, 
and remained twenty-one years, removing to 
liford in 1892, when the REV. HENRY DAVIS, 
of Meltham, succeeded, and removed in 1900. 

Blaokley Baptist Chapel claims its descent 
from Salendine Nook, where Henry Clayton, a 
Heptonstall man, was preacher. James Cart- 
ledge, one of his hearers, established a chapel 
at Blackley, near Elland, in 1789, and frequent- 
ly preached in it until he secured the services 
of the REV. JOHN HINDLE, an eloquent 
preacher, who had come from Hanley to El- 
land, and thence to Blackley. He only remain- 
ed two years probably owing to his irascible 
temper. After a vacancy of three years, MR. 
JOHN ROWLANDS, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
accepted the position in 1796, and he gave place 
in May, 1798, to MR. JOHN RIGBY, who es- 
tablished a new church-membership and re- 
mained the pastor for forty years, to December 
1839. The pastorate was vacant for nearly 
three years before the REV. JOSEPH HIRST, 
a Pole Moor Member, accepted an invitation. 
His ministry extended from April, 1842, to 
April, 1870. The story from 1870, remains to 
be recorded. In 1905 the Rev. Roger Brings 
unveiled a tablet to the memory of Mr. Cart- 
ledge, who died in June, 1793, and of the two 
long pastorates (1798 to 1780). Another tablet 
was unveiled bearing the names of Deacons of 
the Church. 

R. INGHAM, Sheffield, and Halifax: "Christ- 
ian Baptism." Sheffield, 1871, demy 8vo., 
pages xvi., 652. Part Second, 1868, demy 8vo., 
114 pages. 

" Abridged Handbook on Christian Baptism," 
6d., Sheffield, small octavo, pages vii., 76. 1864. 

" The Theology of the Commission on the 
Subjects of Christian Baptism," demy octavo, 
pages xii., 116. Preface dated from 25, Aked j s 
Road, Halifax. Sheffield, D. T. Ingham, print- 
er, 1868, Is. 6d. 



CXIIL HALIFAX PHILOSOPHICAL. 
SOCIETY. 

Catalogue of the Wonders of Nature and Art 
in the Halifax Exhibition for the joint benefit 
of the Infirmary and General Dispensary, the 
Literary and Philosophical Society, and the 
Mechanics' Institution, at the Museum and 
New Assembly Rooms, Harrison Road, Halifax, 
1841. My copy has 48 pages, octavo; H. Martin 
and R. Leyland and Son. 

Catalogue of the Books belonging to the Hali- 
fnx Subscription Library. Halifax, 1842, 8vo. 

Supplement to the Catalogue, December, 
1856; 1857. 

Catalogue of the Books in the Library of the 
Halifax Literary and Ph^osophical Society, 
1874. 



Supplementary Catalog