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'lass JXXQJX 
Cqpighl \" 




The Women of the 

First Methodist Episcopal Church, 

Hamilton, Ohio, 


Price, $1.00 




Copyright, 1914, by 

The Women of First Methodist Episcopal Church, 

Hamilton, Ohio. 

JUN 131914 



' I 1 HE list of culinary literature is so large that it is almost the fashion to 
apologize for taxing a much abused public with the burden of a new 
book on this subject, and unless there were good reasons for it, the publication 
of another book °f this character would be unwarranted. But every house- 
keeper k nows that the only Cook Books of value are those which have been 
compiled by practical cooks and contain recipes that have been fully tested. 
Then it was felt that a good cook book would be a boon to many who last year 
lost the old pen-written heirloom that had served them so long. 

The names attached to these recipes, together with the statement ac- 
companying them that they were "all tried and known to be good," is the best 
possible assurance of their value and reliability. It is a matter of regret that 
many choice recipes have been unavoidably omitted for lack °f space, and 
others on account of their similarity to those already received. 

The compilers express their appreciation to those who contributed ma- 
terial for this book, an d their gratitude to the merchants and business men of 
Hamilton whose advertisements made its publication possible. 

Confident of its intrinsic value, the women of The First Methodist Epis- 
copal Church of Hamilton commend and dedicate this book to all whose high 
function it is to make homes. 



Soups, 11 

Fish, 27 

Oysters, 45 

Meats, 55 

Eggs, 73 

Vegetables, - 79 

Entrees, 101 

Salads and Salad Dressings, 119 

Pies, 139 

Desserts — Sauces, 155 

Hot, 159 

Cold, - 171 

Bread, - 185 

Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls, - - 199 

Cakes, 215 

Layer Cake, -------- 229 

Crullers and Cookies, ------- 246 

Ice-Cream and Ices, 265 

Candies, ----- 273 

Canned Fruits, Preserves, and Jellies, - - - 287 

Pickles and Relishes, 303 

Sandwiches, 319 

Invalids' Cookery, 329 

Chafing-Dish Dainties, 335 

Beverages, --------- 341 


Suggestions for iDittner-iBiving. 

Remember that you invite your friends to dine with you, not 
primarily to supply them with good food, but for the pleasure 
of their society. Strive to make that pleasure mutual by bring- 
ing together people of congenial tastes. 

Plan the seating of your guests before .their arrival so that 
you may lead them into the dining-room and assign them to their 
places with ease and graciousness. 

Do not seat husbands and wives side by side at the table, 
but bring together friends who have not so often the pleasure 
of a meeting. 

Do your worrying over the preparation and serving of your 
dinner before and not after it is announced. The perfect hostess 
makes her guests feel that they are her chief interest and enjoy- 
ment, which no culinary slip of the moment can interrupt. 

Don't expect your waitress to serve your meal correctly and 
quietly unless you have had a complete understanding with her 
beforehand as to your wishes. 

Do not overload your table. Arrange flowers or other deco- 
rations either higher or lower than the faces of your guests; 
otherwise they are only barriers to social intercourse. 

Don't attempt a more elaborate meal than you are equipped 
both to prepare and to serve. It is uncomplimentary to your 
guests to come up to the hour of their arrival in a state of phys- 
ical exhaustion. 

The rule for having the hostess served first is good. She 
frequently prevents embarrassment by showing to her guests 
how she expects certain courses to be taken to the plates. 


8 Suggestions for Dinner-Giving. 

Above all things be natural. A dinner, like a home, should 
reflect the innate qualities and manner of life of its host and 
hostess. If you are your own cook and waitress, keep to the 
simplicity of your every-day habits. One of the most charming 
and distinctive luncheons in the writer's memory was entirely 
prepared and served by the hostess. But she did it so naturally 
and with such unpretending frankness that she never for a mo- 
ment lost her identity either as a lady or as a capable housewife. 

Rules for setting a table are somewhat flexible, yielding to 
the amount of space available, but the usual form is to place 
the knives and soup spoon to the right of the service plate, forks 
and napkins to the left, butter-spreader and small spoons at the 
head of plate, goblet at tip of knife, bread-and-butter plate at 
tip of fork. Service plates should remain on table until after 
the fish course, and fresh ones brought on for the dessert. 

Many hostesses enjoy the informality of serving coffee in 
the parlor immediately after dinner. 


More cakes are spoiled in the 
baking than in the making 

j 'THE RIGHT range is more important than the right 
j recipe, and "right" in a range means a whole lot 

| more than appears on the surface. 



J bake better and last longer than any other gas ranges 
j because they're the only gas ranges made that bake 
j entirely with heated and sterilized FRESH AIR. 

A hundred styles and sizes. See them at Grimmer 

j &> Long, 108-110 Main Street; Geo. Bast #» Son, 

332-6 High Street, or in the factory show-room. 



White stock is used in preparing- white soups, and is made 
from a knuckle of veal, or chicken, cut up in small pieces. 

The shin bone or the neck make more nutritious soup than 
any other part of the animal. Always put meats for soup on 
in cold water and simmer slowly for several hours. Salt should 
never be added until soup is done, as it hardens the water. 

Consomme or stock forms the basis of all meat soups. The 
best stock is made from fresh, uncooked beef, with the addition 
of cracked bones, which contain glutinous matter that adds 
strength and thickness to the soup. Boiling water only dis- 
solves the surface of the bones, but by breaking them the gela- 
tine which they contain may easily be dissolved. 

Stock for soup is usually made from the cheaper meats, pro- 
viding it is of cuts that contain the most nutriment. When 
making the stock, the meat should be cut into small pieces and 
the bones cracked and allowed to soak in cold water before heat- 
ing, in order to get all the nourishment extracted. Put in a 
kettle that can be tightly covered, so none of the juices are 
evaporated, and let it simmer (never boil hard) for 2 to 3 hours. 
In clearing the stock, first let it cool, so that the hardened fat 
may be taken from the top. Then drop into it the white and 
shell of an egg to 1 quart of stock. Whatever flavoring is used 
must be added while stock is cold. Stir the stock until thor- 
oughly heated, so the egg will do its work ; let boil 10 minutes, 
draw to back of stove, add 1 cup of cold water, strain through 
napkin wrung out of hot water. Do not boil any vegetables 
or cereals in the stock, as it wastes the essences, but cook sep- 
arately, adding to the stock at the last. 


1 2 Soups. 

Mrs. C. Earl Hooven. 

i shin of beef well cracked. i dozen cloves. 

i knuckle of veal well 2 pieces of celery, 

cracked. 2 bay leaves. 

5 quarts of cold water. V/2 tablespoons of butter. 

2 large onions. Salt and pepper to season. 

Take a large frying pan. Put in butter and one sliced 
onion ; cut meat off of bones and fry until brown. Take one onion 
and stick cloves in it; boil all together y 2 hour and simmer 5 
hours. Strain well and let stand over night. Take off grease. 
This should be a jelly. Heat when ready to serve. 


Mrs. Anna Rump. 
4 lbs. of beef. 4 peppercorns. 

2 lbs. of bone. 4 cloves. 

2 quarts of cold water. 1 tablespoon mixed herbs. 

1 tablespoon salt. 

Get beef from middle of round. Wipe and cut the meat and 
bone into small pieces ; add water, and heat slowly ; add seasoning 
and simmer 5 hours. Boil down to 3 pints; strain, remove fat, 
season with salt and pepper, and serve. 


Mrs. Wilmer Brown. 

1 lb. Hamburger steak. 2 tablespoons mixed spices 

6 onions. tied in bag. 

1 small can kidney beans. 1 bottle catsup. 

1 large can tomatoes. 1 cup brown flour. 


Mrs. John Schawann. 
Take twenty -five cents' worth of beef (ground) and a piece of 
suet. Start in plenty of water, then add : 

1 can tomatoes. 2 large onions. 

1 can kidney beans. 4 large potatoes. 

When soup is cooked, add five-cent bottle of catsup, a bay 
leaf, a few cloves, and a dash of red pepper. 

Soups. 1 3 


(Will serve six to eight persons.) 
Miss Carrie Margedant. 

Clear, well-seasoned soup 3 large, fresh eggs, 

stock. Salt, pepper, grated nut- 

3 heaping teaspoons sifted meg. 

Separate eggs and beat the whites until they stand alone. 
Add yolks, one at a time, beating constantly until very light. 
Quickly add salt, pepper, nutmeg and flour, and pour the whole 
mass into the gently boiling" stock. Cover closely and boil very 
gently for five minutes. 

The dumplings should form one thin, even sheet over the 
top of the stock when lid is removed. Cut into narrow strips, 
and serve at once. 


Mrs. Fenton G. Slifer. 

3 lbs. meat. 1 medium-sized onion, cut 

Y-2 cup of rice. very fine. 

3 medium-sized potatoes, 3 sticks of celery cut very 

diced. fine. 

If no celery, use one teaspoon dried celery leaves or y 2 tea- 
spoon celery seed. Cook slowly, but do not let it get too. thick. 
When meat is nearly done, or one hour before serving, add salt 
and pepper to taste. Put through a colander if preferred. Just 
before serving add the beaten yolk of one egg, mixing thor- 


Mrs. Cochran, Germantown, Pa. 

1 lamb bone from leg of 1 tablespoon beef extract. 

lamb. 1 quart milk. 

2 quarts cold water. % teaspoon curry powder. 

4 raw potatoes. Salt and pepper. 
'4 onions. 

Cook lamb bone, potatoes, onions, and beef extract in water 
thoroughly and slowly, then put through a sieve. Add milk, 
curry powder, salt, and pepper. Reheat, and serve with toasted 
bread dice. 

14 Soups. 

CHICKEN GUMBO (Creole Style). 

Mrs, Caroline M. S. Potter. 

i chicken. i bay leaf. 

2 dozen tender, green okra Any fine herbs (to taste). 

pods. 2 dried sassafras leaves. 

I pint oysters. Okra powder (gumbo 

Salt. hie). 

Cayenne pepper. V2 slice raw ham. 

Cut up chicken into small parts, dredge with flour, fry to a 
good brown, drain, and put in soup pot. Cut okra in thin slices 
crosswise, and cut ham in small pieces. Cover with 2^2 quarts 
water, and simmer 2 or 3 hours. Put in with chicken, add sea- 
soning, bay leaf, herbs, and sassafras leaves ; a few minutes be- 
fore serving add oysters with their liquor. In each soup plate 
put a tablespoon of rice cooked dry. 


Miss Elizabeth J. Bender. 

1 calf's head. 1 lemon. 

1 stalk celery. 2 heaping spoons of flour. 

1 large onion. 1 teaspoon of mixed spices. 
Small bottle of catsup. Butter. 

Remove brains from calf's head. Wash, and set aside. Boil 
calf's head with spices in bag, celery and onion, in plenty of 
water until tender. Separate meat from bone ; strain the liquid ; 
grind meat, raw brains, lemon, and hard-boiled egg^s. Make 
good brown gravy with 2 heaping spoons of flour, butter, and 
some stock. Then pour all together. Heat well, and serve. 


Mrs. J. E. Faist. 

3/2 gallon water. ]/\ cup vinegar. 

Small Hamburg steak. ]/ 2 teaspoon cloves. 
%. head cabbage. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

2 large carrots. 1 bay leaf. 

2 onions. 1 cup browned flour. 

1 lemon. Cayenne pepper. 

Moisten flour as for gravy, and stir in. 

Soups. 15 


Mrs. George Rupp. 

1 calf's head. 3 tablespoons catsup. 

i soup bone. 2 tablespoons Worcester- 
Small piece of veal and shire sauce, 
beef. Yi nutmeg-. 

2 carrots. 1 dash pepper and salt. 
2 onions. 2 cups flour browned. 

1 can peas. 6 eggs hard-boiled. 

Cook calf's head, soup bone, beef, and veal until tender ; let 
stand over night, remove meat from bone and run through the 
grinder. Strain broth, add to this carrots, onions, peas, juice 
and grated rind of lemons, eggs chopped fine, catsup, Worcester- 
shire sauce, nutmeg, pepper and salt, and flour browned in oven. 
Add to mixture and boil for one hour, stirring occasionally so 
it will not settle. 


Mrs. Harry Woolford. 

1 cup diced potato. 1 tablespoon rice. 

1 cup diced onion. y$ teaspoon celery seed. 

1 cup diced tomato. 

Cook in beef stock until very tender. Mash with potato 
masher. Salt to taste, and just before serving add 1 cup hot 


Mrs. H. C. Blum. 

2 pounds lean beef, either rump or shoulder clod. Pour over 
same 3 quarts cold water. Let same come to boil slowly. Add 
at once about 3 stalks of diced celery and about 2 tomatoes. 
Salt and pepper to taste. Prepare vegetables as follows : 

3 carrots. Y small head cabbage. 
1 leek. 1 small turnip. 

1 onion. Parsley. 

3 potatoes. 

Chop all vegetables coarse in grinder. Cook same Yi hour 
in stock before serving. 

1 6 Soups. 


(To serve with Boiled Beef.) 

Mrs. H. C. Blum. 

i pint beef broth. I teaspoon vinegar, 

i small cup grated horse- Salt and pepper to taste, 


Add to this i well-beaten tgg, bread crumbs to thicken. Cook 
same in a double boiler. Serve same hot. 

(Used since 1780 by Taylor family in Virginia.) 

Miss Anna L. Hawes. 

Soup bone. 3 onions, sliced. 

6 potatoes, sliced. 3 pods okra, sliced. 

1 pint tomatoes. 4 or 5 slices of bacon. 

1 pint corn. Salt and pepper to taste. 
1 pint Lima beans. 

Put soup bone in cold water to cook. Mix vegetables with 
cup of water; put bacon in skillet, and when hot add vegetables 
and fry all till dry. Add all to broth and boil till vegetables are 
thoroughly cooked. Chicken broth may be used same as other 


Mrs. W. B. Falconer. 

Wash y 2 pound mushrooms. Finely chop stems and break 
caps in small pieces. Add 3 pints consomme and simmer 30 
minutes. Cool and clear, using the whites and shells of two eggs. 


Mrs. C. E. Schenk. 

Peel and wash mushrooms. Simmer ten minutes in a little 
water. Remove and cut fine, keeping the water as stock. Fix 
the milk as for any cream soup, using a little flour for thicken- 
ing; plenty of butter, salt, and a little cayenne. Add the mush- 
rooms and stock to the milk, and serve very hot. 

Soups. 1 7 


Mrs. Charles E. Woolford. 

Put soup in kettle half full of water. Salt, and let boil. Pare 
and slice 2 small potatoes, 1 turnip, 1 onion, 1 parsnip, and add 
to the soup. Season with pepper and a little parsley for flavor- 
ing. Fifteen minutes before serving throw in the noodles. Rice 
may be used instead of noodles. 


1 Qgg and pinch of salt. Use all the flour that this will take 
up. Roll as thin as possible, and dry; then roll up and slice in 
narrow strips. 


Miss Jane C. Whitaker. 

4 cups lentils. 1 lb. ham. 

1 bay leaf. 1 onion. 

Salt and pepper. 1 tablespoon butter. 

1 carrot. Cream or milk. 

Soak lentils over night ; drain, cover with cold water, and 
bring to boil for an hour. Drain again, cover with boiling water, 
add j4 teaspoon soda, ham, bay leaf, onion, and carrot. Cook 
until lentils are tender. Remove ham, press lentils through a 
colander. Season with salt, pepper, and butter. Add cream or 
milk to give desired consistency. 


Mrs. Caroline M. S. Potter. 

2 quarts beef stock. 1 bay leaf. 
Salt. 3 large onions. 

Pepper. Grated Parmesan cheese. 


Remove grease from stock, add seasoning and bay leaf. Fry 
onion a light brown in butter. Before taking from skillet 
sprinkle well with cheese, then add onions to boiling stock. 
Serve with dry toast sprinkled with plenty of onion and cheese. 

1 8 Soups. 


Mrs. Charles E. Wool ford. 

i cup stewing oysters. l / 2 teaspoon salt. 

i pint milk, hot. A few grains of pepper. 

2 tablespoons butter. 

Drain and rinse oysters. When the milk is hot, add oysters 
and cook until the edges curl. This is only a few minutes. 


Mrs. Joseph Wolf. 

i twenty-five-cent soup i quart okra. 

bone (lean). 3 or 4 ears of corn. 

1 gallon water. Salt. 

1 can tomatoes. 

Put soup bone in water, boil, skim, and add salt, tomatoes, 
okra cut in round slices. Boil about three hours. Fifteen min- 
utes before serving cut corn from ears and add. 


Miss Carrie Margedant. 

Large marrow-bone of l / 2 can or 5 fresh tomatoes, 

beef. y 2 cup pearl barley. 

2 gallons of water. 

Celery, onions, carrots, turnips, potatoes, as for a thin vege- 
table soup. 

For the Dumplings. 

l /\. cup beef marrow. Bread-crumbs. 

Y\ cup butter. Salt, pepper. 

1 large egg". Nutmeg. 

Remove the marrow from the bone and set in a cold place. 
Boil bone and all the finely cut vegetables for about two hours. 
Add barley and boil half hour longer. Cream the marrow and 
butter until quite smooth, add whole Qgg, salt, pepper, and grated 
nutmeg*. Add bread-crumbs until very dry, form quickly into 
small balls with the hands well floured, and boil in the soup 
closely covered, for five minutes. The colder the dumplings 

Soups. 1 9 

are when added to the stock, the lighter they will become when 
boiled. This serves eight persons, and there should be about 
1 6 to 20 dumplings. 


Mrs. F. T. Craven. 

i pint of boiled, mashed i pint stewed tomatoes, 

beans. l /i cup nicely steamed rice. 

Rub beans and tomatoes together through colander. Add 
rice, salt to taste, boiling water or milk to make soup of proper 


Mrs. Chauncey G. Newton. 

i pint dried navy beans. Salt. 

i tablespoon butter. Pepper. 

i small onion. 2 quarts of milk. 

After cooking the beans tender with the onion, put through 
colander, add milk, butter, and seasoning; boil, and. serve. 


Mrs. G. A. Rentschler. 

Put over the fire in four quarts of water a ham bone, bones 
of roasted beef or mutton, two heads of celery washed and 
trimmed, four onions peeled, and one and one-half pounds of 
split- peas. Let it boil until the peas are quite soft; take out the 
bones and rub peas and vegetables through a sieve. Return 
them to the soup; add salt and pepper to taste, and boil it for 
one hour, skimming it when required. Spinach or green peas 
added when the bones are taken out improves the soup very 


Mrs. E. F. Blum. 

iy 2 quarts of stock. Add I cupful canned tomatoes. When 
boiling add gradually ]/ 2 cup rice. Boil until rice is tender, and 
serve with croutons. 

20 SoupS. 


- Miss Igler. 

i pint water. i spray parsley, 

i can tomatoes. i small onion, 

i bay leaf. 

Boil for about 20 minutes. Then strain and add a paste 
made of 1 tablespoon butter and 2 tablespoons flour. Add salt, 
pepper, and cayenne to taste. Just before serving add 1 tea- 
spoon of sugar and J /\. teaspoon soda. 


Mrs. T. A. Dorsey. 

One large soup bone. Cook 4 hours the day before it is to be 
used. Skim off grease; soak 3 tablespoons tiny barley over 
night. About 2 hours before you want to serve the soup take 
1 quart of tomatoes and put through colander, 1 onion size of 
an egg, chopped fine. Put in stock, cook i l / 2 hours. Add pinch 
of soda and sugar to suit taste if tomatoes are tart. Just before 
serving put in 1 pint of cream. 

TOMATO BISQUE (Delicious). 

Mrs. J. Gordon Taylor. 

1 pint strained tomatoes. 1 heaping tablespoon but- 

1 pint milk. ter. 

1 pint stock. 1 heaping tablespoon flour. 

Heat the three liquids in separate vessels. Into a saucepan 
put butter and flour, stirring until thoroughly cooked together. 
Add the stock, then the tomato, then the milk, stirring con- 
stantly. Season with salt, 1 teaspoon sugar, and dash of cayenne 
pepper. At serving time add dessertspoon of whipped cream 
for each plate. The stock should be as rich as bouillon, which 
has been previously flavored to taste with celery, parsley, and 

Soups. 2 1 


Mrs. Dan Millikin. 

3 quarts of spinach. Bay leaf. 

2 quarts of soup stock. Onion. 
Salt. Celery. 
Pepper. i pint of cream. 

Pick the leaves from three quarts of spinach, wash thor- 
oughly and throw into a dry kettle. Stand over the fire and 
stir constantly until the spinach is wilted. Cover the kettle and 
cook until the spinach is soft. Drain, saving the water, and rub 
through a sieve. Return to the water. Add 2 quarts of rich 
soup stock which has been seasoned with salt and pepper and 
flavored with bay leaf, onion and celery, and strained. - Add a 
little cornstarch which has been moistened in a little cold water. 
Cook all together for about half an hour. Rub through a sieve 
again, and reheat. Just before serving- add i pint of cream. 
Serve with croutons. 


Mrs. Chas. Connor. 

Any ordinary stock for this soup ; add egg balls made as 
follows : The yolks of two hard-boiled eggs, half as much boiled 
potato, while hot, a teaspoon of chopped parsley; cayenne and 
salt to taste. Yolk of i egg raw. Mash all together. Make 
into balls size of cherries, flouring the hands. Drop into boiling 
stock five minutes before serving. 


Mrs. Chauncey G. Newton, Uhrichsville, Ohio. 

3 stalks celery. Seasoning. 

2 quarts milk. 2 tablespoons butter. 

Cut the celery into very small bits and cook until tender in 
salted water. Do not drain the little water that remains on the 
celery, which need not be more than a cup, but has the strong 
celery flavor. Add the milk and butter, which has had a large 
tablespoon of flour added to it. More flour can be added if a 
thicker soup is wanted. The ends and outside pieces can be used 
for this when the hearts are needed for some other dish. 

2 2 Soups. 


Mrs. Samuel D. Fitton. 

4 carrots or 2 cups cut car- i tablespoon butter. 

rots. i tablespoon finely chopped 

2 teaspoons salt. onion. 

2 cups milk. i tablespoon flour, 

i tablespoon chopped pars- ^J teaspoon pepper. 


Wash and scrape carrots, cut into pieces, put on in boiling 
water enough to cover, add i teaspoon salt. Boil 30 or 40 min- 
utes, or until tender. Drain and mash through fine strainer. 
Have the milk in top of double boiler, and as soon as it boils 
add the carrots. Put the butter and onion into small frying 
pan, add the flour, stir until smooth, then add 2 cups of water 
in which carrots were cooked, stir until smooth and creamy, 
and add to the milk and carrots. Strain and add the balance of 
the salt, pepper, and parsley. Cook three minutes. 


Mrs. Dan Millikin. 

2 quarts soup stock. Celery. 

Bay leaf. y 2 pint peanut butter. 


Take two quarts of rich soup stock which has been flavored 
with bay leaf, onion and celery, and strained. y 2 pint of peanut 
butter moistened and rubbed smooth in a little of the stock. 
Cook the peanut butter in the stock for about 20 minutes. Strain 
through a fine sieve, and just before serving add one pint of 
cream. Serve with cubes of toasted bread. 


Miss Carrie Margedant. 

2 quarts of rich chicken 1 pint rich cream. 

stock. 3 tablespoons of butter. 

1 large can of button-mush- 2 tablespoons of flour. 

rooms or Salt and white pepper to 

1 quart fresh mushrooms. taste. 

If fresh mushrooms are used, skin, wash, and break into 
pieces. Saute the mushrooms in the butter until tender and 

Soups. 23 

yellow; add the flour, then the cream. Bring to a gentle boil 
and stir into the hot but not boiling chicken stock, serving 

With this serve croutons or breadfingers. 


Mrs. Caroline M. Harris. 

1 can tomatoes. 1 chopped onion. 

1 pint of water. 1^2 cups milk or cream. 

1 teaspoon salt. 2 tablespoons butter. 

Pinch of pepper. 1 tablespoon flour. 

1 tablespoon sugar. Pinch of soda. 

Chopped parsley. 

Put tomatoes, water, salt, pepper, sugar, parsley, and onion 
together, and cook 15 minutes. Strain, put back on stove; when 
it comes to boil, add soda, milk and butter and flour creamed. 
Serve with toast. 


Mrs. Sam Mayer. 

About 8 medium-sized potatoes pared and boiled well done. 
Strain and mash line. Put in again to boil in cold water. Add 
1 large spoon of flour browned with butter. Add gravy from 
roast or chicken, and little onion if desired. 


Mrs. E. M. Peters. 

5 medium-sized potatoes. 3 small onions cut in small 


Boil in a quart of water until tender. Add a quart of milk 
with a good piece of butter. A little thickening. Season with 
salt and pepper. 


Mrs. Sheridan W. Bell. 

4 medium-sized potatoes. % teaspoon pepper. 

l / 2 medium onion. y 2 teaspoon salt. 

1 quart milk. Butter size of walnut. 

Boil potatoes and onion until soft, and press through sieve 
and add milk, salt, pepper, and butter. 

24 Soups. 


Mrs. Harry Wool ford. / 

]/ 2 pint tomatoes. 3 teaspoons cornstarch. 

l / 2 teaspoon salt. 1 tablespoon butter. 

1 pint milk. Few grains cayenne pep- 

% teaspoon soda. per. 

Stew tomatoes until soft enough to strain easily, and add 
soda to the tomatoes when ready to blend the two mixtures to- 
gether. Heat the milk in the double boiler, and blend in the 
cornstarch, making white sauce. Beat in the butter. Then add 
the soda to the tomatoes, and when effervescence ceases add 
tomato mixture to the white sauce. Strain and serve. 



First National Bank 


















§ ■ 'I 1 JH1 


Every attention and courtesy shown customers, whether their 
accounts be large or small 





Capital, ; ; $250,000.00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits, : $300,000.00 

Deposits, Over : : ; $2,300,000.00 


Jfisl) an6 JFisI) Sauces* 


Mrs. Caroline Potter. 
General Rule for Frying Fish. 

There is an art in knowing how to fry fish properly. Perhaps 
there is no other method of cooking fish which is more commonly 
used, and no other which is more generally abused. The secret 
of good frying lies in having the lard heated just to the proper 
point. If the fish is placed in boiling lard, it is liable to burn 
quickly without being cooked through. If placed in well-heated 
lard, it absorbs the lard and is delicate and tender, and there is no 
tax upon the digestive organs. Always have sufficient lard in 
the pan to fry all the fish you wish to cook. Never add a lump 
of cold lard to the heated substance. This checks the cooking 
of the fish and spoils the taste. Boiling lard is perfectly still until 
it begins to smoke, then it isi in danger of burning and must be 
removed from the fire. Toi test the lard, drop in a piece of bread. 
If it begins to color, the lard is ready for frying. Remove the fish, 
when done, with a skimmer. Never use butter to fry fish, as it 
burns quickly. 

Take slices of red snapper or small fish that have been prop- 
erly cleaned. Dip them in milk, then wipe dry and rub with salt 
and pepper. Roll well in dry flour and drop in the hot lard by 
the above rule for frying. Serve on a bed of parsley or lettuce 
leaves hot. 

For the red snapper a butter sauce is used. Melt the butter, 
add finely chopped parsley and paprika. 


Miss Helen Sloneker. 

Clean, wipe, and dry fish. Rub over with salt, butter, pep- 
per, and a little flour. Rip fish open, and stuff. Put narrow 
strips of bacon in bottom of pan, place the fish on top, and bake 
in a hot oven without water, basting frequently. 


28 Fish and Fish Sauces. 

Stuffing for Fish. 

Moisten I cup of soft bread crumbs with 1/3 cup of melted 
butter. Season lightly with salt and pepper. Stuff fish with 
this. When fish is done, serve with a cream sauce, with finely 
chopped hard-boiled egg added. 


Miss Louise Dingfelder. 

1 onion. 3 whole cloves. 

2 bay leaves. ^2 lemon. 

Put this on the stove with enough water to cover fish. 
When boiling, put in fish and boil for 20 minutes. If fish is 
large, 30 minutes. 


1 tablespoon of flour. 3 or 4 yolks of eggs. 

1 tablespoon of butter. Juice of J/£ lemon. 

Put all in a double boiler and add enough water as the 
sauce needs. When thick, pour over fish. 


Mrs. Caroline Potter. 

1 lb. cooked fish. 2 ounces flour. 

2 ounces of butter. 1 gill of fish stock. 

1 egg. 1 teaspoon anchovy sauce. 

1 spoon lemon juice. Mashed potatoes. 

Carefully pick fish from the bones; make a sauce as follows: 
Broil the bones in a small quantity of water. When cold, mix 
a gill of the liquor with the flour. Stir over the fire until it 
thickens. Add the butter, keep stirring until well mixed in. 
Take sauce off the fire, mix in the egg well beaten. The essence 
of anchovy, lemon juice, salt, and paprika. The sauce should be 
thick. Care should be taken in stirring over fire to keep from 
burning. Mix the picked fish with the sauce, put a layer of well- 
seasoned mashed potatoes in a buttered baking dish, then all of 
the fish. Over this another layer of mashed potatoes. Smooth 
over and bake in a moderate oven 20 minutes. Serve hot in a 
baking dish. 

Fish and Fish Sauces. 29 


Mrs. George Sohngen. 

1 pint of cold cooked fish. 4 hard-boiled eggs. 

1 scant teaspoon of salt. Dash of pepper. 

2 raw eggs. 1 cup of milk. 

1 tablespoon of parsley. Bread crumbs. 

Free the fish from skin and bones, and lightly separate into 
flakes. Add salt, pepper, parsley, and hard-boiled eggs chopped 
fine. Butter ramekins or small cups. Nearly fill with the mix- 
ture, and pour over it the raw eggs well beaten mto the milk. 
Sprinkle with buttered bread crumbs and bake in a moderate 
oven 15 minutes. 


Frank E. Davis Co., Gloucester, Mass. 

1 can of tomatoes. 1 mackerel. 

1 bay leaf. Blade of mace. 

Slice of onion. 3 cloves. 

Pinch of soda. 2 tablespoons butter. 

Bread crumbs. 2 tablespoons cornstarch. 

Freshen the mackerel by soaking in water to cover well, 
laying the fish flesh-side down on a rack in the pan. Soak from 
18 to 24 hours, according to taste. Cook tomatoes, bay leaf, 
mace, onion, cloves, 20 minutes. Add soda, and strain. Cook 
the cornstarch and butter, gradually add the strained tomato 
pulp, and cook until it thickens. Pick mackerel into bits, care- 
fully removing bones and skin. Put in a baking dish well but- 
tered a layer of crumbs, a thin layer of fish ; continue until the 
fish is used up. Then pour over the tomato mixture. Finish 
with a layer of crumbs and bits of butter, and bake. 


Mrs. Caroline Potter. 

Split the mackerel down the middle of the back if the fish 
is large. If small, broil whole. Season with pepper and salt, 
and rub with a little sweet oil. Put fish in a double broiler; 
see that it is cooked well on both sides. Place on a hot dish, 

30 Fish and Fish Sauces. 

butter the fish nicely, and squeeze the juice of a lemon over it. 
Garnish with parsley and slices of lemon, and serve with a la 
maitre d'hotel. 


i tablespoon of butter. I tablespoon of flour, 

i tablespoon of parsley, Juice of l / 2 lemon. 

chopped. i pint of clear consomme. 

Put the butter and flour in sauce pan ; let them blend with- 
out burning. Mix well over a slow fire and add the consomme. 
Add the lemon juice and parsley; let all boil 15 minutes. When 
it reaches this point, take ofT the stove and add the well-beaten 
yolk of an egg, and stir well. Never add the egg- to the sauce 
while it is cooking, or it will curdle at once and ruin the sauce. 
This sauce can be served with any kind of broiled or baked fish. 


Mrs. Caroline Potter. 

Select a nice fish, clean thoroughly, and make a dressing by 
taking 1 large onion, a few sprigs of parsley chopped fine, mix 
with a cup of stale bread crumbs. Season well with salt, pep- 
per, and bay leaf. Put a large spoonful of butter in a skillet, 
frying the onion a light brown. Add the other ingredients. 
Then rub the fish inside and out with salt and pepper. StufY 
the fish; sew up with a soft string; place in the pan. Put small 
lumps of butter over it, put pint of water in the pan, cover the 
pan while baking, and bake i l / 2 hours. Serve on a hot dish. 
You can serve with sauce or not, to taste. 


Mrs. Caroline Potter. 

Scald the frog legs about 3 minutes in boiling water and 
lemon juice and salt. Take out of the water and dry with a 
clean towel. Season with salt and pepper, and dip in a batter 
made of 2 eggs and sifted bread crumbs. Pat the frogs well, 
and drop into boiling lard and fry a golden brown. Take from 
the lard, place upon heated brown paper, then in a folded napkin 
on a hot dish. Garnish with parsley, radishes, and slices of 

Fish and Fish Sauces. 31 


Mrs. Caroline Potter. 

Put frog legs in hot water and lemon juice for 3 minutes; 
then wipe dry, mix well a little salt, pepper, olive oil or butter. 
Rub the frog legs thoroughly, rolling them over and over. Broil 
in a double broiler, turning frequently to prevent scorching. 
When done, place on tender lettuce leaves, pour melted butter 
over frog legs, with finely chopped parsley. Garnish with lemons 
and parsley. 


Mrs. Caroline Potter. 

2 lbs. fresh fish. 1 quart water. 

1 onion. y 2 cup milk. 

A little garlic, parsley, 3 medium-sized potatoes. 

and thyme; bay leaf, lit- 2 ounces salt pork. 

tie cayenne, and black y 2 can tomatoes. 

pepper to taste. Few oyster crackers. 

Cut the fish fine. Fry onion in salt pork, washed, and cut 
very fine. Add the garlic, parsley, thyme, bay leaf, cayenne, 
and pepper. Let simmer for 10 minutes. Pour over this the 
quart of boiling water. Add the fish and the tomatoes and the 
potatoes. Season to taste. Cover the pan, let the contents sim- 
mer for y 2 hour; add the milk, if desired. Place oyster crackers 
in a bowl and pour chowder over them, and serve hot at once. 


Mrs. Caroline Potter. 

Cut fish into fillets or square pieces. Dip in milk that has 
been freely salted and peppered. Wipe dry, roll in flour, drop 
into well-heated lard, so that the fillets will swim, and fry 
a golden brown. When done, drain on brown paper and serve 
on a bed of fried parsley, with garnishes of parsley and sliced 
lemon. Serve a sauce of tomato or sauce of a la tartare. 


Mrs. J. P. Day. 

W^ash and dry a good-sized shad ; remove roe carefully, to 
prevent breaking; split, and lay on plank which has been well 

3 2 Fish and Fish Sauces. 

heated, skin side down. Put in the oven or under the flame 
of the gas for twenty to thirty minutes. Season, and send to 
table on plank ; garnish with radish roses, parsley, and quarters 
of lemon. 


Mrs. J. P. Day. 

Parboil roe in salted water for 5 or 10 minutes, and drain. 
Then season, roll in egg and cracker crumbs, and fry ; or can be 
mashed, seasoned, adding a few crumbs, a beaten egg to hold 
together, formed in small balls, rolled in egg and crumbs., and 
fried, and sent to table on plank with shad. 


Mrs. J. P. Day. 

1 fish weighing 2^2 lbs. 2 cloves of garlic. 

I bay leaf. Blade of mace. 

Slice of onion. 4 cloves. 

Get a fish that will bone easily (a white fish is good) ; re- 
move head, tail, and bones ; put these in kettle with 1 quart 
of cold water, add the garlic mashed, bay leaf, onion, cloves, 
and mace; cover and let simmer gently 1 hour. While this is 
cooking, chop the uncooked fish ver}' fine, put in a bowl, add 
24 almonds blanched and chopped, 1 mashed clove of garlic, 
1 level teaspoon of salt, 1 saltspoon of white pepper, ^2 saltspoon 
of ground mace; mix well, form into balls size of English wal- 
nut, put strained stock over fire in a sauce pan ; when it reaches 
the boiling point drop in the balls, draw to one side of fire, 
cover, and let cook gently 20 minutes. Lift them out with a 
skimmer and stand at once in a cool place. Beat three eggs 
until creamy, and stand over hot water and add gradually the 
boiling stock, which should measure about 24 pint. When the 
mixture is like jelly, remove, strain through a fine sieve, and 
cool quickly. At serving time add juice of 2 lemons, 1 table- 
spoon tarragon vinegar. Garnish dish with tiny hearts of lettuce, 
quarters of lemon, and parsley ; roll balls in sauce, and pile 
pyramid fashion in center. Send the remaining sauce to the 
table in sauce boat. 

Fish and Fish Sauces. 33 


Mrs. George Sohngen. 

i whole lobster. >4 cup of heavy cream. 

Butter size of walnut. I egg yolk. 

Salt and pepper to taste. 
Cut lobster meat in pieces as large as a hickory nut. Put 
in pan with butter; season with salt and pepper. 

To the cream add the yolk of the egg, which has been well 
beaten, and mix. 

Mrs. Sam Mayer. 

2 lobsters. i pint of sweet cream. 

2 tablespoons of butter. 3 scant tablespoons of flour. 
Bread or cracker crumbs. 

Boil lobster 25 minutes. Pick meat from shells and cut in 
pieces (1 can of Japanese crab meat is equal to 1 lobster). Melt 
the butter and stir in flour until yellow, not brown. Then add 
the cream ; salt and pepper to taste. Boil this until thick, stir- 
ring all the time. Remove from the fire, add lobster or crab 
meat, and put on ice for 2 or 3 hours. Butter ramekins before 
putting in the lobster. Fill, and sprinkle with bread or cracker 
crumbs, and small lumps of butter over them, and bake until 
brown (about 20 minutes) in a warm oven. Serve hot. One 
can serves about 8 persons. 


Mrs. J. P. Day. 

4 tablespoons butter. y^ cup milk. 

3 tablespoons flour. Yolks of 2 eggs, slightly 
2.^/2 tablespoons cornstarch. beaten. 

J /2 cup cream cheese. 1^2 cups crab meat. 

3/4. cup chicken stock. 

Melt butter, add flour and cornstarch, and stir until well 
blended; then pour on gradually the chicken stock; let boil 3 
minutes. Add gradually the milk while stirring constantly, and 
again bring to boiling point and add yolks of eggs. Cover bot- 
tom of baking dish with crab meat, pour over the sauce, and 
sprinkle with cheese, grated. Run under flame of gas oven to 
melt cheese and brown top. 


Fish and Fish Sauces. 


Mrs. J. W. Doron. 

can crab meat, 
tablespoons of chopped 
tablespoons of butter, 
pint of milk. 
Dash of nutmeg. 

2 larg*e onions. 


e lemon juice. 

3 hard-boiled eggs, 
i tablespoon of flour. 
y 2 teaspoon of Worcester- 
shire sauce. 
Red pepper. 
Salt and pepper to taste. 

Free crab meat from bones. Grind the onions fine; also the 
hard-boiled eggs. Mix together. Then add sauce made of but- 
ter and flour mixed together, add pint of milk, cook, and season 
with the Worcestershire sauce, nutmeg, red pepper, salt and 
pepper and lemon juice. Mix thoroughly; brush over with 
beaten egg after filling shells. Cover with bread crumbs ; lastly 
baste with melted butter and put in the oven to brown. 


Mrs. T- W. See. 

1 large size can of crab 

3 hard-boiled eggs. 

Onion juice, salt, and red 


1 teaspoon of Worcester- 
shire sauce. 

1 pint of milk. 

2 tablespoons of flour. 
1 tablespoon of butter. 

4 or 5 crackers rolled fine. 

Take crab meat and pick over carefully, as the delicacy will 
be marred if the minute pieces of shell are not removed. Pre- 
pare the cream sauce by rubbing the butter and flour together, 
and add the milk. Let bubble a moment. Chop the eggs and 
add to the crab meat with onion juice, salt, and a generous 
supply of red pepper; also the Worcestershire sauce. Then add 
the rolled crackers and enough cream sauce to make a moist 
mixture. Do not put into the shells until almost ready to bake, 
as they may impart a musty flavor. The shells must be thor- 
oughly cleaned and dried before using. Fill, cover with crumbs, 
dot with butter, and bake 15 minutes. 

Fish and Fish Sauces. 35 


Miss Helen Sloneker. 

i can salmon. Butter size of walnut. 

3 eggs. Salt and pepper, 

i cup of cream or part milk. 

Turn the liquor off of salmon, take out bones, and mince the 
fish fine. Stir ingredients in well. Bake in a dish set in a pan 
of water about ^ hour. Pour over a cream sauce containing 
the chopped whites of eggs, and grate the yolks of the eggs 
over, the last thing. This is also very nice served cold, without 


Mrs. Wm. C. Shafer. 

2 cans salmon. 1 tablespoon chopped pars- 

)/ 2 cup of rolled bread ley. 

crumbs. Juice and grated rind of 

1 tablespoon melted butter. 1 lemon. 

2 tablespoons milk. Salt and red pepper. 

3 eggs. 

Mix together as for veal loaf. Place in the pan set inside 
of another pan of hot water, and bake Y\ °f an hour. When 
done, turn out on a platter and pour over the following: 


2 eggs well beaten together. 1 pint of milk. 

2 tablespoons of flour. A little chopped parsley. 

A small lump of butter. 

Boil together until thick, and when done add a pinch of 
salt and the juice of a couple of lemons. Serve hot. 


Mrs. A. G. Gale. 

To 1 can of salmon (boned) add ]/ 2 can of peas, make a 
white sauce of 1 pint of milk and cream thickened with 3 table- 
spoons of flour, 1 tablespoon of butter, dash of red pepper, pinch 

36 Fish and Fish Sauces, 

of salt, and a little minced parsley. Put in a buttered baking 
dish a layer of fish, a sprinkle of peas, and a layer of bread 
crumbs. Cover with sauce, and repeat until dish is filled. Cover 
the top with bread crumbs and melted butter, and bake until 
brown. This makes a nice fish course for luncheon ; also nice to 
serve with Saratoga potatoes. 


Mrs. Homer Gard. 

I can of salmon. iy 2 cups of milk, 

i cup of bread or cracker 5 eggs, 


Mince the salmon fine. Cook the crumbs and milk until 
thick; then cool. Add to salmon. Then add the beaten yolks. 
Season to taste ; lastly add the beaten whites. Fill buttered 
molds 2/3 full, and steam 30 minutes. 


l / 2 cup of butter. Juice of y 2 lemon. 

Yolks of 2 eggs. y 2 cup of boiling water. 
1 tablespoon flour. Saltspoon of salt. 

Dash of cayenne. 

Cook slowly until thick as custard. 


Miss Martha Molyneaux, Oxford, Ohio. 

1 can of salmon. 1 tablespoon of butter. 

1 teaspoon of salt. 3 level tablespoons of flour. 

1 tablespoon chopped pars- Juice of y 2 lemon. 

ley. A little red pepper. 
1 cup of cream. 

Mix thoroughly the salmon, salt, pepper, parsley, and lemon 
juice. Rub butter and flour and cream together until smooth; 
then cook until very thick. Stir this into the salmon. When 
cold, mold into croquettes, roll in beaten tgg, then in bread 
crumbs, and fry in hot fat. 

Fish and Fish Sauces. 37 


Mrs. John Day. 

1 can of salmon, or i^. Salt, pepper, and cayenne 

cups. to taste. 

1 cup of thick, white sauce. Some chopped parsley 

i l / 2 teaspoons lemon juice. and a few drops of onion 


Pour hot water over salmon to remove as much of oil as 
possible, drain, and separate into flakes. Add lemon juice, salt, 
pepper, cayenne, parsley, and onion juice and white sauce; cool, 
shape, and dip in crumbs, egg and crumb ag'ain, fry in deep fat. 


Mrs. John Day. 

1 finnan-haddie, or 1^ cups 3 tablespoons butter, 

full flakes. Yz cup flour. 

1 tablespoon chopped onion. 1 cup milk. 

2 tablespoons each of green Salt, paprika, and pepper 

and red pepper. to taste. 

Soak finnan-haddie in equal parts of milk and water to 
cover 1 hour, then put in oven for 30 minutes ; drain fish and 
separate into* flakes. Cook the onion, red and green pepper in 
the butter five minutes, add flour and milk and seasoning; then 
add fish flakes, cool, shape, dip in crumbs, egg and crumbs, and 
fry in deep fat. 


Mrs. John Day. 

1 box 'of sardines. Dash of tobasco or cay- 

1 cupful fine bread crumbs. enne. 

% teaspoon salt. 1 egg. 
y 2 teaspoon onion juice. 

Free sardines from skins, tails, and bones; mash fine, add 
bread crumbs, salt, onion juice, and tobasco or cayenne. Mix 
thoroughly and add egg; form into balls size of walnut, roll in 
crumbs, and fry in deep fat, 

3 8 Fish and Fish Sauces. 


Mrs. John Day. 

i box sardines. % cup soft bread crumbs. 

4 tablespoons butter. I cup thin cream. 

2 hard-boiled eggs finely Salt, paprika, to taste, 


Melt butter, add crumbs and cream ; bring to boiling point. 
Add sardines, eggs, and seasoning, and serve on finger-shaped 
pieces of toast. 


Miss Elizabeth Roll. 

i cup of salted cod. White pepper and salt, if 

i cup of potatoes. needed. 

i egg. i tablespoon butter. 

Wash the fish in cold water and break into small pieces. 
Wash and pare the potatoes, and cut in fair-sized pieces. Cook 
fish and potatoes together in boiling water until the potatoes 
are soft. Drain and shape over the fire until dry. Mash with 
a fork and add the beaten egg, butter, pepper, and more salt 
if needed. Beat until light. Take up the mixture by spoons full, 
mold slightly, and slip them into the hot fat. Fry until brown, 
and drain on soft paper. 


Mrs. E. M. Bronson. 

Codfish. i pint of milk. 

2 tablespoons of flour. l / 2 teaspoon salt. 

i egg. Pepper to taste. 
2 tablespoons of butter. 

Soak fish over night. In the morning tear the fish into 
flakes ; do not cut it. Cover with fresh water and bring to a 
boil. Do not boil it. This is important, as boiling toughens 
cod unless potatoes are with it. Drain fish and cook I minute 
in a rich cream sauce made as follows: 

Melt butter, flour, and stir until there are no lumps. Add 
gradually the hot milk, stirring all the time. Season with the 
salt and pepper, and cook until it thickens. If you want it 

Fish and Fish Sauces. 39 

still nicer, pour it on to the egg well beaten just before adding 
the fish. Some serve creamed fish on buttered toast. You may 
omit the soaking over night ; simply cover it with cold water 
and bring to a boil after washing the salt off, in which case omit 
the salt in the creamed sauce. 


Mrs. J. P. Day. 

1 lb. halibut, boiled. 1 tablespoon butter. 

1 teaspoon salt. 1 tablespoon flour. 

A little cayenne. 1 tablespoon chopped pars- 
Yolks of 3 hard-boiled ley. 

eggs. 1 cup milk. 

Make sauce of butter, flour, and milk, adding yolks of boiled 
eggs mashed fine, parsley ; then add flaked fish to it, stirring 
carefully not to break the fish flakes. Dish in ramekins, dust 
lightly with bread crumbs, and brown quickly in hot oven. 


Mrs. Hinckley Smith. 

Soak 4 lbs. halibut steak in salted water about an hour. 
Drain, rub with salt and pepper, and lay in roaster, in which 
2 tablespoons of shortening have been melted ; on top lay a 
slice or two of onion, 3 tablespoons of tomato juice, and juice of 
1 lemon. Add 1 pint of boiling water and bake about an hour. 
Remove the fish and thicken the sauce with moistened flour. 
It usually takes 2 tablespoons of flour. 

Break up the fish left from the first meal into a baking dish 
and cover with the sauce ; bake it again next day, and it is better 
than the first time it is cooked. 


Mrs. G. A. Rentschler. 

1 lb. halibut. Few grains cayenne. 

y 2 cup thick, sweet cream. iy 2 teaspoons lemon juice. 

24 teaspoon salt. Whites of 3 eggs. 

Cook halibut in boiling salted water, drain, and rub through 
a sieve. Season with salt, cayenne, and lemon juice; add cream 

40 Fish and Fish Sauces. 

beaten until stiff, then beaten whites of eggs. Turn into small, 
slightly buttered molds, put in a pan half surrounded with hot 
water. Cover with buttered paper, and bake twenty minutes in 
a moderate oven. Remove from molds, arrange on a hot serving 
dish. Pour around white sauce. 

White Sauce. 

2 tablespoons butter. 34 teaspoon salt. 

i l / 2 tablespoons flour. Few grains pepper, 

i cup milk. 

Put butter in saucepan, stir until melted and bubbling; add 
flour mixed with seasoning, and stir until thoroughly blended. 
Pour on gradually the milk, adding- about one-third at a time, 
stirring until well mixed, then beating until smooth and glossy. 
Garnish with parsley. 


Mrs. Homer Gard. 

Three or 4 lbs. of halibut. Dip the dark skin in boiling 
water and scrape clean. Rub well with salt and pepper. Put 
in a pan and pour milk over until V 2 inch deep. Bake about 1 
hour, basting with the milk. Serve with a plain, drawn butter- 
egg sauce or cream sauce. 


Miss Marie Shuler. 

(For Baked Fish, Roast and Broiled Meats.) 

Put 4 tablespoonfuls butter in sauce pan, and when it begins 
to brown add 2 tablespoonfuls; of flour, and stir until it is well 
browned. Draw to a cooler place on stove, and slowly add 2 
cupfuls of brown stock, stirring constantly; add ]/ 2 teaspoonful 
salt and cayenne, and let simmer for ten minutes. In another 
sauce pan boil 4 tablespoonfuls vinegar, 1 tablespoon chopped 
onion, and 1 teaspoonful sugar rapidly for five minutes; then 
add it to the sauce, and at the same time add 2 tablespoonfuls 
of chopped pickle and, if desired, 1 tablespoonful capers. Stir 
well and let cook for two minutes to heat the pickle. If sauce 
becomes too thick, dilute with a little water. 

Fish and Fish Sauces. 41 


Max Wichman. 

Minced pickles, shallots, olives, capers; a spoonful each of 
onion juice, lemon juice, and caper vinegar, mixed into a butter 
or Madeira sauce; then season and bring- to a boil. 

Butter sauce is equal parts of butter and flour blended thor- 
oughly as butter melts in pan. 


Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

Parsley, tarragon, and shallots pounded, mixed with butter, 
lemon juice, and anchovy sauce. Rub through a hair sieve.- 


Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

Two parts of butter to 1 part of essence of anchovy, a little 
grated Parmesan cheese, and nutmeg. 


Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

Pound the head and spawn of a lobster with its equal weight 
of butter to a paste. Add a little dry mustard, pass all through 
a hair sieve. 


Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

Take 3 gTeen peppers, pound, and mix them with 1 lb. of 
butter. Good for croutons or canapes. 


Mrs. R. C. McKinney. 

2 good-sized cucumbers. Tablespoon of tarragon 

Saltspoon of pepper. vinegar. 

Saltspoon of salt. 2 tablespoons of stiff 

1 tablespoon onion juice. whipped cream. 

Peel cucumbers and grate on a sieve. When the pulp is 
thoroughly drained, turn in a bowl. Add the salt, pepper, onion 

42 Fish and Fish Sauces. 

juice, and vinegar. Mix and stir in just at serving time the 
whipped cream. This is used as a filling in small individual 
molds of plain, clean gelatine, and flavored and seasoned with 
chicken or veal stock, or in the center of a fish timbale that has 
been shaped in a ring mold. 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

i can of tomatoes. Tablespoon each of sugar 

A tablespoon of ham or and salt, 

bacon fryings. Pinch of pepper, 

i onion. 

Boil 20 minutes, strain, put back on the fire, and thicken with 
2 teaspoons of cornstarch. 


Mrs. Eugene Griffis. 

Yolks of 4 eggs. y 2 lb. butter, 

i lemon. 3 tablespoons of cream. 

Put the yolks of the eggs, lemon juice, and a small quantity 
of the butter in a sauce pan set in another sauce pan of hot water. 
Do not let the water in the lower pan boil. Stir this until it 
thickens, then add more butter, and keep on until all of the 
butter is worked in. If it gets too hot it will curdle. After 
removing from the stove, add 3 tablespoons of whipped cream. 
This improves the sauce. Serve with all kinds of fish, cauli- 
flower, artichokes, and asparagus. 


Mrs. Edward Frechtling. 

y 2 cup butter. 1 saltspoon of salt. 

Yolks of 2 eggs. 1 dash of paprika. 

Juice of y 2 lemon. y 2 cup boiling water. 

Rub the butter to a cream in a small bowl with a spoon. 
Add yolks, one at a time, and beat well ; then add lemon juice, 
salt, and paprika. About five minutes before serving add boil- 
ing water and place bowl in sauce pan of boiling water, and 
stir rapidly until it thickens like boiled custard. 


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Oysters must be fresh and fat to be good. They are in 
season from September to May. The small ones, such as are 
sold by the quart, are good for soups, to escallop, and to 
cook generally. The large ones are for frying and grilling. The 
shell oysters are served raw or baked. 


Wash the oysters thoroughly with a brush. Place with the 
upper or deep shell down, to catch the juice, over or on live 
coals. When they open their shells, remove the shallow one, 
being careful to save all the juice in the other. 

Place them, shells and all, on a hot platter, and send to the 
table hot, to be seasoned by each person with butter, salt, and 
pepper to taste. If the oysters are fine, this is a most excellent 
way to serve them. 

Another method of serving is to place the roasted oysters, 
shell and all, on either hot plates or on folded napkins, and gar- 
nish with spoonfuls of red and green peppers, crisp bits of fried 
bacon, a little horseradish, and slices of lemon. This is a nice 
way to serve them when one wishes the oysters as a single 


Mrs. Chris Pabst. 

Singe, clean, and cut as for fricassee i fowl ; put it in a 
baking pan, add one onion sliced, half a pint of water, and bake 
until tender. Wash and cut in thin slices a quart of young okra ; 
put it in a sauce pan, add a pint of water, and cook slowly for 
half hour. Lift the chicken into a soup kettle, add a quart of 
chicken stock or boiling water, and simmer gently for 20 min- 
utes. Add a rounding teaspoon of salt, a level saltspoon of 
cayenne, and, if you like, a teaspoon of paprika. Add the okra 
and 50 oysters ; cover the sauce pan and cook for 5 minutes, 
and send at once to the table. 


46 Oysters. 


Mrs. Wm. B. Falconer. 

The larger the oysters, the more appetizing for a stew. 
Heat I quart of oysters in their own liquor. This brings any 
impurities to the surface, which must be carefully skimmed. 
Bring to a boil in a double boiler i quart of milk (or, better still, 
i pint of milk and I pint of cream), and when the oysters have 
cooked just long enough to have their edges curl, add them 
to the milk, with i teaspoon of salt and i tablespoon of butter, 
and serve very hot. 


Miss Helen Sloneker. 

2 tablespoons tomato cat- i teaspoon salt. 

sup. }/2 teaspoon paprika, 

i tablespoon horseradish. A few drops of tobasco 

i tablespoon vinegar. sauce. 

Mix above thoroughly, and serve with i pint of oysters. 


Miss Helen Sloneker. 

i tablespoon butter. % spoon of pepper. 

l / 2 spoon of salt. 

Put butter, salt, and pepper in covered sauce pan. When 
hot, add i pint of oysters. Cover pan tight, and shake to pre- 
vent sticking. Cook 3 minutes. Serve on toast. 


Mrs. Chris Pabst. 

Wash and drain 50 oysters; shake them over the fire until 
the gills are curled. Drain, saving the liquor. Chop oysters 
fine. Rub together 1 tablespoon of butter and 1 of flour; add 
the oyster liquor and sufficient milk to make a pint ; stir until 
boiling; add the oysters, the yolks of 2 eggs slightly beaten, a 
level teaspoon of salt, a dash of red pepper, a teaspoon of lemon 
juice, and a tablespoon of chopped celery. Turn this in a bak- 
ing dish, cover thickly with soft bread crumbs, and bake in a 
quick oven for about to minutes. 

Oysters. 47 


Mrs. Wm. Allen. 

i quart oysters, cut up if 2 eggs, salt and pepper, 

you like. (I do not cut 3 slices of bread crumbs 
them.) soaked in liquor of oys- 

2 lbs. lean pork (ground). ters. 

Mold in cakes, roll in cracker crumbs, and fry. 


Mrs. Ella Falk. 

Take 1 pound of veal and 20 oysters. Pound the veal very 
fine in a mortar with a little suet, and season with a little pepper. 
Soak a piece of bread in oyster liquor, pound and add it to the 
oysters cut in pieces. Add to the veal, beat, and add an egg to 
bind them together. Roll into little lengths, and fry in butter 
a delicate brown. 


Mrs. Ella Van Doren. 

1 quart oysters. 1 pint milk. 

Boil milk and mix with ]/ 2 cup rolled crackers. Add oysters, 
and let come to a boil. Pour over 2 large slices of toasted bread, 
well buttered. Serve in a warmed dish. 


Mrs. Ella Van Doren. 

y 2 pint raw oysters. ]/ 2 pint cooked veal. 

1 heaping tablespoon of y 2 cup crackers rolled fine, 

melted butter. Yolks of 2 eggs. 

. Chop oysters and veal together, soak crackers in oyster 
liquor, and mix all ingredients well and season with salt and 
pepper as you like. Dip in egg and cracker crumbs, and fry 
in part butter and part lard to a light brown. 


Arrange in a buttered baking dish 1 thin layer of cracker 
crumbs and 1 of oysters delicately seasoned with salt and pep- 

48 Oysters. 

per and dotted with bits of butter. Repeat these layers until 
pan is nearly full, allowing a top layer of cracker crumbs. 
Spread over all enough milk to barely cover, and bake in quick 
oven for 20 minutes. 


Mrs. Wm. Shafer. 

Have skillet smoking hot, turn in 1 quart oysters (drip 
them), and let cook until the edges begin to curl. Thicken with 
a heaping tablespoon of flour mixed with a little milk. Season 
with salt, pepper, and a generous amount of butter, and serve 
on toast. 

Mrs. A. Ballinger. 

Take a small loaf of baker's bread, cut off the top, and 
scrape out crumbs. Put as many oysters as desired (about 1 
pint) into stew pan with half the crumbs and y 2 teaspoon salt, 
1 saltspoon pepper, a little milk, good lump butter; stew to- 
gether 15 minutes, or until the edges of oysters curl. Add 1 tea- 
spoon cream. Fill loaf with this mixture, cover with crust, and 
set in oven to crisp. Cut in slices at table for serving. 


Blanch the oysters, and skim off any skum or refuse from 
the liquor of the oysters. Add pure cream, and boil for a short 
time, adding a little white wine. Thicken with a little yolk of 
an egg, flavoring with lemon juice, salt, cayenne pepper, and 
nutmeg. Put in a chafing dish. Garnish with fancy cuts of 
truffles around the center; serve with hot toast. 

STUFFED OYSTERS (Creole Style). 

Mrs. Caroline M. S. Potter. 

Two dozen or 1 quart of fine, solid oysters ; drain off liquor, 
and chop. 1 pint bread crumbs; season with salt, pepper, thyme, 
chopped parsley, juice and grated rind of half a lemon; 2 well- 
beaten eggs. 

Mix above thoroughly together. Put 2 large tablespoons 
of butter in skillet; in this fry 1 small onion a light brown, cut 

Oysters. 49 

fine. Add 4 thin slices of a garlic clove and toss through the 
onion. Add oysters, and stir gently until oysters are cooked. 
Do not cook too long. Fill oyster shells (or baking dish), 
sprinkle top with fine, browned bread crumbs, and bake just long- 
enough to be real hot, but not until they are dry. To serve, 
place piece of butter in center of each, and garnish with parsley 
and slice of lemon. Serve hot. 


Mrs. Chris Pabst. 

1 quart oysters. A pinch of thyme. 
y 2 loaf of bread (small). A pinch of cayenne. 

2 small onions (chopped Salt and pepper to taste. 


Drain oysters and put bread in oyster liquor to soak (not 
too wet). Add a tablespoon of parsley chopped fine, the onion, 
thyme, and then the oysters. Put a large tablespoon of butter 
in a skillet, and add the oyster mixture. Cook about five min- 
utes, stirring constantly. Use oyster shells for this dressing. 
Sprinkle with crumbs, and brown in the oven. 


Mrs. Herman Kutter. 

One quart oysters. Rounds of thin bread delicately toasted. 
Fit rounds of bread into ordinary patty pans, and wet with a 
little oyster liquor. Then with a silver fork arrange on each 
piece of toast as many oysters as each will hold without crowd- 
ing. Season with salt, paprika, and butter. Set pan in bottom 
of hot oven, and cover to keep in steam and flavor. When edges 
of oysters ruffle, in about from 8 to 10 minutes, serve very hot. 
Could be made in ramekins, and served in them. 


Mrs. Samuel D. Fitton. 

None but large oysters should be used for frying. Drain 
them from their liquor. Dip them, one at a time, into a well- 
beaten egg, then roll in cracker crumbs. Have ready in a deep 
skillet or stew pan enough lard (or lard and butter mixed) to 

5<d Oysters. 

completely cover oysters. Heat to a point where it will brown 
delicately, drop in the oysters gently, and cook for three or 
four minutes. 


Mrs. Harry Woolford. 

Sirloin or tenderloin steak, broiled and seasoned. One quart 
of oysters, liquor drained off. Put oysters in sauce pan with y 2 
cup of butter (less butter if you can add a few teaspoons of 
cream). Seasoned with salt and pepper. When this comes to 
a boil, pour over steak on platter and serve while hot. 


Mrs. J. E. Faist. 

I lb. ground pork. ' 2 eggs. 

i pint oysters, chopped. Season with salt and pep- 

i l / 2 slices bread soaked in per. 

oyster liquor. 

Make into patties, dip in cracker crumbs, and fry a golden 

Mrs. Joe Kimball 

Line small tins with puff paste and bake. When cold, put 
into each 3 or 4 oysters, and season with salt, pepper, and a little 
butter. Bake 10 minutes. Have ready melted butter, and pour 
over as you dish them up. 


1 quart oysters. 1 pint of milk. 

2 tablespoons butter. Salt and pepper. 
2 tablespoons flour. 

Scald oysters in their own liquor until the edges curl, then 
drain off the liquor. Mix butter and flour over Fire, and pour 
into it gradually 1 pint of good, rich milk, heated. Season well 
with salt and white pepper, and stir until it is a smooth, thick 
sauce. Into this put the oysters, and cook for a few minutes, 
and serve in patty shells. 

Oysters. 51 

Mrs. C. Hilker. 

Butter inside of deep dish, line it with puff paste rolled out 
rather thick ; prepare another sheet of paste for the lid. Set in 
the oven and bake well. While paste is cooking prepare oysters. 
Put on to cook with barely enough of the liquor to prevent 
burning. Season with whole pepper, blades of mace, grated nut- 
meg, and the grated rind of a lemon and a little finely minced 
celery. Add x /\ pound butter, divided into bits and slightly 
dredged with flour. 

Let oysters simmer over the fire, but do not allow them to 
boil. Beat the yolks of 3 eggs and stir into the oysters a 'few 
minutes before taking from the fire. Put into the dish lined with 
the paste, and put on the lid. 

Oyster pies are generally eaten warm, but are very good 



United States 

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and Lamb the market affords 

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Free Delivery anywhere at any time 


In regard to meat, more than any other food, it pays the 
housekeeper to do her own marketing and to know at a glance 
not only the various cuts, but the appearance of good, whole- 
some meat. If the flesh of a beef is young it will have a fine 
grain, be of a good red. The fat should look white rather than 
yellow, for when that is a deep yellow the meat is seldom good. 

Now let us consider the best: cuts of meat. We find the 
tenderest portions where the body has had little service ; the 
long stri^ we call the tenderloin, lying along the side of the 
spine ; then the porterhouse, the seven prime ribs, the thick 
sirloin are all cuts which are best for broiling* or roasting. 

Now we come to the forequarter, which begins at the five 
prime ribs for roasting. Close to them lie the five chuck ribs, 
good for stews and small steaks. Here also is the shoulder 
clod; no cut in the beef has a better flavor when a pot roast is 


Beef, rare, per pound 8 to 10 minutes. 

Beef, well done, per pound 12 to 15 minutes. 

Veal, well roasted 3 to 4 hours. 

Chickens, 3 to 4 pounds 1 to iy 2 hours. 

Pork, well done 2 to 4 hours. 


Mrs, Maggie L. Tunnelle. 

Place a line 5- or 6-pound roast in a pan ; sprinkle in the 
bottom of the pan salt and pepper, and a teaspoon of grated 
onion ; spread nice, fresh lard over roast, then dredge with flour ; 
then place in hot oven for about 10 minutes before turning; 
then sear the other side, and add to the pan about 1 gill of water ; 
baste with the gravy from time to time until roast is done. If 
desired, add dressing about a half hour before removing. 


56 Meats. 


Mrs. Ed H. Ells, Oxford, Ohio. 

Mix smooth i pint milk and 4 eggs beaten separately, 1 tea- 
spoon salt, 2 teaspoons baking powder, 2 cups flour. Should be 
about the consistency of cream. Pour some of the drippings 
from beef roast into 2 biscuit tins ; pour half the pudding in 
each ; put into hot oven, sprinkle y 2 cup of raisins or currants 
over each pan just before placing into oven. Used to accom- 
pany roast beef. (From Halifax, England.) 


Mrs. Maggie L. Tunnelle. 

A breast of veal with the shoulder clod is the best ; have the 
butcher make some pockets, fill them with dressing made of 
stale bread crumbs; then place in a roaster, sprinkle with salt, 
pepper, and a small onion, grated; also plage in the pan some 
bay leaves, fill the pan with boiling water, place in a hot oven, 
and bake from three to four hours. 


Mrs. Maggie L. Tunnelle. 

Make a rich crust and line an earthen crock or pan; then 
have a porterhouse steak cut in good-sized squares; place in 
the pan with potatoes, sliced, and season with salt, pepper, and 
a little onion ; do this until the pan is full, adding small squares 
of butter from time to time. Then pour over all a rich gravy 
made of water, milk, and butter; then put out on a top crust 
and tie over all a heavy cotton cloth ; then place in a vessel large 
enough so as to cover the crock with boiling water ; boil 5 hours. 


Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

1 teaspoon salt. ^ teaspoon cinnamon. 

3/2 teaspoon pepper. 4 tablespoons vinegar. 

yi teaspoon cloves. 1 tablespoon melted butter. 

^4 teaspoon mace. 

Get a thick round steak and rub both sides thoroughly with 
this mixture; roll and bind with twine, and let it stand over 
night. Next day roast for three hours in a savory roaster. 

Meats. 57 


Mrs. James W. See. 

Put i carrot and a turnip cut into strips, I tablespoon 
chopped celery, and a small onion sliced into the bottom of a 
casserole ; put 2 pounds of round steak or the rump into three 
nice pieces, and cook brown in a hot skillet; transfer when 
brown to the casserole, laying it over the vegetables ; season 
with salt, pepper, and chopped parsley ; pour in a pint of boiling 
stock; put on the lid, and place in a hot oven for 1 hour; serve 
in a casserole. This is a dish one finds at a French table d'hote, 
where the meat is always tender and delicious, and does not 
betray its humble origin. 


Miss Gussie Pfau. 

2 cups cold meat chopped 2 cups cream sauce, 


Mix meat and sauce seasoned with parsley, pepper, and 
salt; when cool, beat in yolks of 2 eggs and fold in the beaten 
whites. Bake 15 to 20 minutes in a quick oven. 


2 tablespoons butter. 2 cups milk. 

2 tablespoons flour. 


Mrs. H. W. Shollenbarger. 

Flour round steak well on each side; then put it into a 
skillet and cover one-half of steak with a layer of sliced onions. 
Turn the other half of the steak over the onions, and over the 
whole pour a can of tomatoes. Season according to taste. Bake 
from 1 to 1^2 hours, according to thickness of steak. 


Mrs. S. M. Schell. 

Have a round steak cut an inch and a half thick, to about 
3 pounds; pound in y 2 cup of flour; season with salt and white 
pepper. Put in a covered roaster with some drippings and hot 

58 Meats- 

water, to not quite cover. Have the oven as hot as possible 
when it is put in, so that the outside will sear quickly and pre- 
vent the escape of the juices. When the meat is half done, 
chop an onion fine and put in, with a cup of tomatoes and a 
slice of tomato for the top of the meat. Shoulder clod or a flank 
steak is very good prepared in this way, with a bay leaf or two 
in the pan. 

Mrs. Fenton G. Slifer. 

Three pounds of beef (rump preferred) and plenty of fat; 
put pieces of fat into pot to grease it ; flat bottomed pot is best. 
Put meat in and brown on both sides well from 20 to 30 min- 
utes ; turn often; add salt and pepper to taste, and a pint of 
water ; 1 onion may be added if one likes. Cook 3 hours, or until 
tender, on a slow blaze, adding a little water when needed. This 
stock will make delicious brown gravy by adding thickening. 


Mrs. Wm. Allen. 

Take cold meat of any kind; to 2 cups of ground meat use 
1 cup of mashed potatoes, 1 egg well beaten, 2 tablespoons milk ; 
mix all together, make into cakes any size, add bread crumbs, 
and fry a light brown. 

MEAT BALLS No. 2 (German Kloeyyse). 
Miss J. Elizabeth Bender. 

Take 2 pounds of chopped beef, 1 pound chopped pork, 1 
grated onion, 3 eggs, a generous slice of dry bread (ground), 
sweet marjoram and parsley to taste ; mix thoroughly and make 
into balls. Put a kettle of water on fire with small sack of 
French spices ; when this boils rapidly, drop in meat balls and 
boil until done. 


Take a large piece of butter, 2 level tablespoons flour; mix 
to a cream, and add to this liquid in which the meat was cooked ; 
put in a little chopped parsley, juice of one lemon, and yolk of 
1 egg; put in meat balls and serve. 

Meats. 59 


Mrs. J. L. Garver. 

Use 3 pounds of veal ; mix in with 4 crackers rolled fine, 
butter the size of an egg, 1 egg, and y 2 cup of milk; mix egg 
and milk together; 1 teaspoon black pepper, 1 tablespoon salt, a 
pinch of sage ; mix all together and form in a loaf ; bake 2^2 
hours, basting with butter and water occasionally. Good either 
hot or cold. 


Mrs. Wm. Allen. 

3 J/2 lbs. of veal ground ; the Butter size of egg. 

leg is best for this. 1 tablespoon pepper. 

3 eggs well beaten. 1 grated nutmeg. 

1 tablespoon salt. 1 tablespoon cream. 

4 rolled crackers. 

Mix all together and make into a large loaf, and baste like 
the other meat. 

Mrs. Albert Bess. 

^y 2 lbs. veal. 4 tablespoons milk or wa- 
12 crackers. ter. 

3 eggs. 1 tablespoon butter, melted. 

1 tablespoon pepper. 1 tablespoon sugar. 

1 tablespoon salt. 

Bake in a loaf. 


Mrs. Caroline Harris. 

l / 2 lb. of pork. 1 teaspoon table salt. 

2 lbs. beef or veal. % teaspoon pepper. 

1 egg. 3 tablespoons cream. 

1 teaspoon celery salt. J4 cup cracker crumbs. 

Mix all well into the meat, and roll out in cracker crumbs 
in a loaf; bake from 2 to 3 hours in a moderate oven. 

6o Meats. 


Miss Jane Whitaker. 

Flank steak, 4 onions, 1 lemon, and 1 cup catsup ; place steak 
in roasting pan ; salt, cover with onion slice, juice of lemon, and 
catsup; roast slowly for i l / 2 hours. 


Miss Marie Shuler. 

i l / 2 tablespoons flour. 1^2 teaspoons Worcestershire 
\}/2 teaspoons salt. sauce. 

1 teaspoon paprika. i 1 /*, cups hot water. 

1 lemon. 

Put flour in hot fat after veal has been browned; add the 
other ingredients and hot water; then put veal back in, and let 
simmer for 45 minutes. 


Mrs. H. G. Taylor. 

Have the steaks cut thick ; cut in pieces ready for serving ; 
dip in cracker crumbs well seasoned; then dip in beaten eggs, 
then again in the crumbs ; then fry in hot fat to brown crumbs ; 
then remove the meat, add a spoonful of flour in brown gravy, 
a cup of tomato juice, and water as needed; replace meat, cover, 
and bake in slow oven 1^2 hours. 


Mrs. O. W. Katz. 

Put a good-sized lump of butter into a kettle ; when melted, 
put in a piece of veal, about 3 pounds ; when browned on all 
sides, add water, and keep boiling until well done; when cold, 
grind fine and add a white sauce made of 1 tablespoon butter, 
melted, 1 tablespoon flour and milk; cook until thick; make into 
small croquettes; dip in rolled cracker; fry in deep lard; add 
salt and pepper. 

Meats. 6 1 


Mrs. M. L. Tunnelle. 

2 sweetbreads. i tablespoon flour, 

i can mushrooms. i tablespoon butter. 

y 2 cup cream. 2 yolks of eggs. 

Parboil the sweetbreads and cut them in small pieces; also 
cut the mushrooms ; put into a saucepan the flour and batter, 
and when made smooth add cream ; beat them, add the sweet- 
breads and mushrooms, make into croquettes, and fry in hot lard. 


Mrs. Charles W. Gath. 

2 lbs. beef. 4 eggs. 

1 lb. pork, ground fine. 3/2 cup milk. 
8 crackers. 

Salt and pepper; mix well ; bake 1 hour and, while hot, serve 
with a tomato sauce to which have been added a few onions 
fried in butter. 


Miss Helen Nicolay. 

2 lbs. beef. ^2 pint sweet milk. 

1 lb. fresh pork. Nutmeg and salt to taste, 
y 2 salt pork. also. 

12 crackers rolled fine. Cayenne pepper. 

5 or 6 eggs well beaten. 

Mix the whole together and form into two loaves; sprinkle 
with extra cracker crumbs and pour boiling water into pans. 


Mrs. Wm. Allen. 

Rub the saddle of lamb with salt and butter; while roasting, 
baste frequently with the gravy; cook 10 minutes to the pound. 


The sauce is made from mint ; chop fine ; add 2 tablespoons 
of sugar to 3 of mint; 6 tablespoons of white wine vinegar or 
cider, heated, pouring in slowly over the mint. 

62 Meats. 


Mrs. L. K. Schweeting, Oxford, Ohio. 

Cover rabbit with water and l / 2 cup vinegar; add salt and 
pepper to taste ; Yi cup catsup, i small onion, I apple, i carrot, 
tomatoes or i cup of canned tomatoes, I tablespoon sugar, left- 
over jellies, 6 cloves, and x / 2 inch bacon. 

Remove rabbit, strain gravy, thicken with brown flour, add 
butter size of walnut. 

Mrs. Herman Kutter. 

Cut i rabbit into pieces, clean, and prepare as follows, 
letting stand over night: Rub meat with salt; place in an earthen 
dish with cut onions, carrots, celery root, laurel leaves and 
lemon peel, cloves, peppercorns, pine leaves, and cover with good 
vinegar, pressing down tightly together. Take out next day, 
add water, a little salt and pepper; put lard or butter, a table- 
spoonful, into a skillet with 2 tablespoons flour, 2 tablespoons 
fine cracker crumbs, and a little sage; brown all together; do 
not burn. Stir it into the meat, and boil until tender. Arrange 
rabbit on a platter and stir sauce over it. Serve with German- 
fried potatoes. 


Mrs. George Rupp. 

Put rabbit in half vinegar and half water ; add bay leaves, 
nutmeg, 2 onions, salt, and 4 or 5 cloves. This should be left for 
several days. 


To a tablespoon of half lard and butter add 1 tablespoon 
sugar; brown to a golden brown; then add a heaping tablespoon 
flour ; let this get good and brown ; then add some of the vine- 
gar and beat well to get it nice and smooth; add 1 tablespoon 
of catsup, Worcestershire sauce; if too> stiff, add water. Fry 
rabbit nice and brown ; add to the dressing and simmer from 
1 to 2 hours. 

Meats. 63 


Miss Helen Peters. 

Boil a fresh tongue slowly all day, with an onion ; then skin 
it, mash one can of tomatoes through a sieve ; add one onion 
chopped fine, a dash of paprika, or a drop of tobasco sauce; 
cook tongue in sauce until sauce is thick. 

BAKED TONGUE (Very Delicious). 

Mrs. Will Andrews. 

Boil a green tongue with 1/3 cup carrots, 1/3 cup onions, 
1/3 cup celery, parsley. After the tongue is boiled, skin it. 
Make a sauce of % cup butter, Y\ cup flour, 2 cups of water in 
which the tongue was cooked. Salt and pepper and Worcester- 
shire sauce. Pour this sauce over the cooked tongue, put in 
roaster, and bake until very tender. 


Miss Louise Dingfelder. 

1 cup of cold, boiled ham. 3 hard-boiled eggs, chopped 

ground. fine. 

1 cup of cream sauce. Yi cup bread crumbs. 

Cream Sauce. 

One tablespoon butter ; stir into this 1 tablespoon flour and 
enough milk to make sauce enough for this ham. Put in a but- 
tered dish and bake until brown. 


Mrs. Chas. E. Macbeth. 

Have sufficient water boiling to cover ham ; into this put one 
cup of Orleans molasses, 12 whole cloves, the same of pepper- 
corns, 1 bay leaf, 1 small onion cut into quarters ; let the ham 
boil slowly, as it toughens if boiled hard. If cooked in an iron 
vessel you can let it remain until cold before removing the skin ; 
but if in tin or copper, take it out immediately. Recipe was 
given by General Lee's granddaughter. 

6\ Meats. 


Miss Louise Dingfelder. 

A thick slice of ham ; a teaspoonful mustard ; a tablespoon 
sugar and I cup milk ; mix sugar and mustard, and spread over 
both sides of the ham ; put in pan, pour over the cup of milk, 
and bake in a moderate oven i hour. 


Mrs. E. S. Griffis. 

Take a 10- or 12-pound ham and soak in water over night; 
put it in a roasting pan, with a cup of water in the lower pan ; 
let it roast for 3 hours in a moderate oven; turn it over fre- 
quently. When the skin commences to curl, it is done; take it 
out and remove the skin ; turn the fat side up, sprinkle thickly 
with sugar and about a handful of cloves stuck into it ; return 
to oven and brown. Can be eaten either hot or cold. 


Mrs. W. B. Shuler. 

Three pounds ham in one piece, cover with hot milk, and 
bake in covered casserole 2 hours. 


Mrs. Edgar A. Belden. 

Boil a five-cent package of Foulds' macaroni in salt water; 
drain, and add a can of tomatoes ; brown 5 or 6 pork chops in 
butter, to which has been added half an onion chopped fine ; 
place the macaroni and tomatoes in a baking dish; place the 
chops on top, and bake in oven for 30 minutes ; the tomatoes 
may be strained if so desired; salt and pepper to taste. 


Miss Louise Dingfelder. 

Clean chicken and cut in pieces ; put in a baking dish and 
cover with a mixture of milk and half cream, pepper and salt, 
and bake. By the time the milk has cooked away, chicken will 
be tender and delicious. 

Meats. 65 


Mrs. Wm. Allen. 

Two pairs of sweetbreads and 1 can of mushrooms ; cut 
mushrooms in four pieces ; to this amount take 1 cupful of cream, 
Yz cup of milk; 1 teaspoon butter, and 1 of flour; roll butter and 
flour together ; have milk scalding hot ; season to taste. Put 
sweetbreads and mushrooms in oven to get hot. This will fill 
18 shells if not too large. 


Mrs. C. E. Schenk. 

Have thin slices of veal cut from the loin ; remove all skin, 
fat, and bone ; pound this ; cut in pieces 2 inches by 5 ; make a 
dressing of fine bread crumbs, a little finely chopped salt pork 
or oysters ; season with salt, pepper, lemon juice. Moisten with 
egg and a little hot water, if needed. Spread the mixture on 
each slice, nearly to the edge; roll up tightly, and fasten with 
toothpicks ; dredge with flour and salt ; fry slowly in hot butter 
until brown ; then half cover with milk ; let simmer 20 minutes ; 
serve on points of toast. 


Mrs. Hugh Kernohan. 

Split pork tenderloin ; then flatten by pounding with potato 
masher ; cut crosswise in pieces about 3 inches wide ; salt, pep- 
per, and stuff each piece with bread dressing; fasten with tooth- 
picks; flour, and brown in butter; cover with milk, and simmer 
for 3 hours. 


Miss Louise Dingfelder. 

2 veal steaks. 5 slices of bacon. 

4 large onions. 

Cut the onions and bacon into small pieces, and fry until 
browned ; then spread this mixture over the steak, roll each 
steak, and pin together with toothpicks. Sear the steaks and 
cover with water, and cook for at least an hour. See this cooks 
dry before the hour is up, to make the gravy richer. 

66 Meats. 


Mrs. James Reeder. 

Joint a chicken as for stewing; brown in a skillet in hot 
lard ; then place in a casserole, cover with cold water, and add 
2 or 3 potatoes cut in small dice, i onion, I or 2 carrots, and a 
stalk of celery cut in small pieces. Put on top of casserole and 
place in a moderate oven for 2 hours without removing the top. 
When chicken is tender, thicken with gravy, season, and add a 
can of mushrooms ; replace in oven io minutes before serving-. 


Max Wichman, Steward Hamilton Club. 

Good way to use up cold mutton : Make a stiff potato cro- 
quette mixture, shape it like a patty, double bread, and fry. 
Now cut out a lid, scoop out the inside, thus leaving a case, fill 
up with nice mince of mutton, chicken, etc. Put on the lid ; 
now it looks like a patty; take the potato you scooped out, form 
into potatoes or croquettes, and use as a garnish. 


Mrs. E. A. Belden. 

i quart flour. I level teaspoon baking 

i cup lard. powder. 

Milk enough to make a soft dough. Stew the chicken, and 
pick from the bones into small pieces. Thicken the gravy in 
which it has been cooked. Line a baking dish with the dough, 
fill with the chicken and gravy, cover with a layer of dough, 
and bake. 

Mrs. J. YV. Pryor, Lexington, Ky. 

2 cups ground chicken. i cup of rich cream sauce, 

i cup of boiled brains. 

Mix well. When cold, mix into pear shapes ; then flatten 
in between palms of hand until l / 2 inch thick ; insert in small 
end a piece of spaghetti i l / 2 inches long, to represent a bone; 
dip in crumbs, and tgg, and crumbs again ; fry in smoking fat 
and serve with mushrooms or ovsters. 

Meats. 67 


Mrs. Frank Connor. 

Cook 1 cnp of rice in water until clone; then pour over it 
1 cup of sweet milk, and let stand until it soaks in ; chop 1 onion 
fine and brown in butter; cook giblets until done; chop fine, 
salt and pepper, and mix all together ; then fry chicken or veal 
breast. Or, if not desired as a filling, bake same for half hour 
in baking- pan. Lean pork may be used in place of giblets. 


Mrs. James W. See, Mrs. F. M. Fitton. 

Knuckle of veal, well 1 tablespoon each of 

broken. chopped onion, carrot, 

2 quarts water, or enough turnip, celery, 

to cover. 1 blade of mace. 

2 hard-boiled eggs. 3 cloves. 

Parsley. Salt, pepper, lemon juice. 

Wipe the veal and put on to cook with water to cover. Tie 
vegetables and spice in a cloth, and put in the kettle with the 
meat. Cook slowly until the meat falls from the bone, adding 
the salt when meat is partly cooked. Strain ; reduce liquor to 
1 quart by boiling with cover off, and add seasoning and lemon 
juice to taste. 

Ornament the bottom of a mold with slices of hard-boiled 
eggs. Put in a very little liquor to fix the ornament. When 
set, add liquor to make layer )/\ inch thick. When that is set, 
fill the mold with the veal, placing hard-boiled egg between the 
meat. Pour in as much liquor as mold will hold, and put away 
to harden. When set, place weight in the veal to make more 


Mrs. Herman Kutter. 

Cut up 1 well-grown chicken ; cover with cold water into 
which put a little salt, 1 onion, and a little celery, and boil 
slowly until tender; remove chicken from the water and take 
out the bones, cutting meat into small pieces ; add 1 can of mush- 
rooms to the meat. Dissolve 1 tablespoon of Knox gelatine in 
water (if weather is very warm, use 2 tablespoons in cold water 

68 Meats. 

and stir into the water in which the chicken was cooked) ; strain, 
and pour over the mushrooms and chicken; add lemon juice, 
grated rind of a lemon, salt, pepper, and finely chopped parsley 
to taste; put into a mold and set in ice, and when set firmly, 
turn out in a platter and garnish with lemon slices and parsley. 


Mrs. R. C. McKinney. 
Extra Good for a Small Dinner. 

Roast a capon or a good-sized, tender roasting chicken a 
little underdone; then slice the breast and legs without sepa- 
rating the meat from the bones; sprinkle the open parts with 
moist paprika, and as the slices are folded back place thin slivers 
of Virginia ham or any other good brand between the cuts until 
brought back as nearly as possible to its original form ; then put 
a quart of light, cream into a casserole dish, place the capon in 
there, sprinkle thoroughly with bread crumbs, cover, and place 
in hot oven for 15 minutes, and serve hot. 


Mrs. G. A. Rentschler. 

Put chicken into a saucepan with very little water, and boil 
until the bones slip out and the gristly parts are quite soft. 
Take off the skin and pull the meat to pieces, mixing the dark- 
colored and white meat together. Skim the fat off the liquor 
and season with a little pepper, salt, lemon juice, and celery 
salt, and reduce to half a pint; then mix it with the meat. But- 
ter a mold and decorate the bottom and sides with hard-boiled 
eggs cut in slices, and fancy-shaped pieces of tongue or ham. 
Pack the meat in tightly, put a weight on top, and let it remain 
in a cold place until wanted. Turn this out and garnish with 
parsley, lettuce leaves, celery branches, radishes, or beet-roots 
cut into various shapes. 


Mrs. Sheridan Watson Bell. 

Cut up two young chickens ; season with salt, black pepper, 
and butter about the size of an egg', stew slowly until the 
meat will drop from the bones; chop meat fine and add the liquor 

Meats. 69 

and press in a mold. It is delicious sliced thin for picnic or 
luncheon sandwiches. 


Mrs. Sheridan Watson Bell. 

Boil two chickens until tender; remove the skin, the bone, 
and chop, but not too fine; cut into pieces 3 hard-boiled eggs, 
with salt and pepper to taste; dissolve teaspoon of gelatine in 
a little of the liquor in which chickens were boiled, and mix with 
the chicken and the eggs. Put into a mold and press. 


Mrs. Carlos Gressle. 

Cut an old chicken in pieces, as if to fry ; roll in enough 
flour; season with pepper and salt; pack in a casserole or any 
stone dish ; pour on boiling water until it shows at the sides 
of the dish ; cover closely, and bake 3 hours ; uncover y 2 hour 
to brown. 


Miss Irene Hanley. 

Put 1 dozen well-cleaned pigs' feet in a kettle; cover with 
cold water ; for each gallon allow 2 scant tablespoons salt ; boil 
until tender; while hot, transfer to a stone jar, putting here and 
there between them a large onion, sliced ; heat together 2 quarts 
of vinegar with 1 pint of water, 2 tablespoons of sugar, 1 table- 
spoon peppercorn, y 2 ounce cloves, 2 bay leaves ; boil for 5 min- 
utes; pour over feet; cover and let stand one day before using. 


Mrs. Mary P. Moffett, Lexington, Ky. 

1 heaping, 2-gallon bucket 1 teacup of salt. 

of meat. *4 tablespoon red pepper. 
3 level tablespoons black 2 tablespoons sage. 


Grind twice. 




Miss Marie Shuler. 

i cup milk, 
i lb. flour, 
i lb. butter. 

Boil until thick, 

Y^ tablespoon salt. 

y% teaspoon pepper. 

Y% teaspoon onion juice. 

When this mixture is thick, add chopped 


Miss Marie Shuler. 

i tablespoon butter. 
i tablespoon ham. 
2 tablespoons flour, 
i tablespoon parsley. 

i tablespoon green pepper 

i tablespoon onion, 

i pint of tomatoes. 

$/{ teaspoon salt. 

Fry ham in butter with onion and pepper until brown ; then 
add flour and tomatoes and parsley; cook 3 minutes after boil- 
ing point is reached. 


ARTIFICIAL GAS is the Safest Gas used in Domestic 
L Science. The time given in these recipes is for Arti- 
ficial Gas. No vent pipes are necessary when it is used. 
No headaches. No smarting eyes. No dry throat. No 
wet walls and damp sleeping-rooms. 


Phone 463 

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Pictures Framed The finest and most inexpensive is secured 
from The Emco. 

Party Goods L et me supply your party or dance Favors, 

Place cards, Novelties. Made to order if 

Post Cards F° r every occasion. Birthday, Wedding, 

Congratulation, Stork, Condolence. 
Bibles I n a H sizes and kinds. Indexed, Red Letter, 

Revised, Prayer Books. 
Seeds and Plants We have the exclusive agency for Burpee's 

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Miss Elizabeth Roll. 

As albumen coagulates at 160 F., and as it toughens when 
boiled, eggs should be cooked below the boiling point to insure 
a tender consistency. 

Soft-cooked Eggs. 

For two eggs allow I pint of water ; for each additional Ggg, 
an extra cupful. Let water come to boiling point, put in eggs, 
cover, and remove at once from fire. Let stand covered from 
6 to 8 minutes. Remove to hot cups. 

Hard-cooked Eggs. 

Prepare as for soft-cooked, placing saucepan on back of 
stove, where water will keep hot, but not boil, for 30 minutes. 
If plunged at once into cold water, yolks will keep their color. 


Mrs. Sheridan W. Bell. 

Whip whites of eggs stiff, place upon toast, inserting whole 
yolk in center, with small piece of butter; sprinkle with salt 
and pepper. Bake in oven until brown. 


Mrs. James H. Roll. 

4 eggs (separated). 4 tablespoons warm water. 

y 2 teaspoon salt. 1 tablespoon butter. 

l /% teaspoon pepper (white). 

Beat yolks until thick; add salt, pepper, and water. Fold in 
beaten whites. Butter the sides and bottom of hot omelet pan ; 
turn in mixture and spread evenly; cook slowly until a delicate 
brown underneath; place the pan on the grate of the oven to 

4 73 

74 Eggs- 

cook the top. The omelet is cooked if firm and dry when touched 
with finger. Fold over, turn on a hot plate, and serve imme- 


Mrs. Sheridan W. Bell. 

3 hard-cooked eggs. I tablespoon flour. 

i cup white sauce. 
White Sauce: y 2 teaspoon salt. 

i cup milk. j4 teaspoon pepper. 

i tablespoon butter. 5 slices of toast. 

Cook the eggs 30 minutes. Make white sauce. Separate the 
yolks and whites of the eggs. Chop the whites, and add to the 
sauce. Arrange five slices of toast on a platter; pour sauce 
over it. Rub the yolks through a strainer or vegetable press 
over the top. Garnish with toast points and parsley. 


Mrs. William C. Shafer. 

Butter ramekin; sprinkle the bottom with bread crumbs; 
drop in an egg; sprinkle with bread crumbs; salt and pepper. 
Place bits of bacon with small pieces of butter or grated cheese 
on top, and bake in hot oven until egg is set. Serve immediately. 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

Break 2 eggs into an individual baking dish ; put over the 
top a teaspoonful each of chopped truffles, mushrooms, and to- 
matoes that have been sauted in a little butter. Cover with 
dressing made of cream and butter thickened with a little flour; 
sprinkle with Parmesan cheese, and paprika and salt. Put in 
hot oven and bake until eggs are set. 


Mrs. Lou Beauchamp. 

Press well-seasoned mashed potatoes into individual molds 
the day before they are needed. In the morning remove the 
molds and scoop out the centers. Brush inside and out with 

Eggs. 75 

melted butter, and drop a raw egg into each. Sprinkle a little 
salt and pepper and one teaspoonful of American cheese over 
each egg, and add a tiny piece of butter. Bake in a moderate 
oven till the whites of the eggs are firm. 


Mrs. Charles Parrish. 

Heat iron spider, and into it pour ^4 CU P °f tomato pulp 
and a small lump of butter; also % of a sweet pepper, chopped 
fine. Break into a dish about 8 eggs. Do not beat, but pour 
right into hot tomato mixture, and stir all lightly until eggs 
are cooked, but not too dry. 


Miss Irene Hanley. 

Boil 4 eggs hard. When cold, cut a piece off the top and 
take out the yolk. Rub this smooth with skinned and boned 
sardines; salt and pepper. Allow 3 sardines to 4 eggs. Add a 
little butter, to make mixture smooth ; add a little parsley. Fill 
the eggs with the mixture. Dip them in egg and fine cracker 
crumbs, and fry in deep lard (light brown). Stand them upon 
end on some round platter, and garnish with parsley. 



ARTIFIPIAI C AQ is the Safest Gas used 

/lIVl iriV/l/lLi VJrlD i n Domestic Science. 
The time given in these recipes is for Artificial Gas. 
No vent pipes are necessary when it is used. No 
headaches. No smarting eyes. No dry throat. No 
wet walls and damp sleeping rooms. 


PHONE 463 


Recipes are the best 

For making the home beautiful 

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Exclusive Agents for 



238-240 High HAMILTON, OHIO 


Either solid or plated brighten the dining table 
and are more economical than China, for they 
are unbreakable. We have a fine assortment 




Potatoes, white 20 to 30 minutes. 

Potatoes, sweet 15 to 25 minutes. 

Asparagus Y2. to 1 hour. 

String beans 30 minutes to 2 hours. 

Beets 45 minutes to 3 hours. 

Cabbage 40 minutes to 1 hour. 

Turnips 30 to 40 minutes. 

Onions 30 to 60 minutes. 

Parsnips 15 to 45 minutes. 

Green corn 10 to 20 minutes. 

Cauliflower 20 to 25 minutes. 

Tomatoes 15 to 20 minutes. 

Barley 1 to 3 hours. 

Boiled rice 20 minutes. 

Steamed rice 40 to 50 minutes. 

Macaroni 30 to 50 minutes. 

Noodles 10 to 20 minutes. 

To avoid odor in cooking onions or cabbage, add Ji tea- 
spoon soda, leave the kettle uncovered, and change water twice. 


Mrs. John M. Withrow. 

To each y 2 gallon water, 1 heaping tablespoon salt and piece 
of soda size of hazelnut. 

Wash the artichokes well, taking care that no insects re- 
main; trim along the leaves and the bottom, and cut off the 
steins. Put them into boiling water in which salt and soda have 
been dissolved. Boil quickly in an uncovered saucepan until 
tender; take them out, drain for a minute or two, and serve in 
a napkin or with a little white sauce poured over. A tureen of 
melted butter should accompany them. Time, 20 to 25 minutes 
after the water boils. 


8o Vegetables. 


i tablespoon butter. i cup hot milk. 

i tablespoon flour. 

Melt butter, stir in the flour, and then add the milk slowly. 
Let it boil a few minutes until perfectly blended. 
To be used for all creamed vegetables. 


Mrs. G. A. Rentschler. 

Cook asparagus in boiling salted water until soft, leaving 
tips out of water first 10 minutes. Drain, remove string (it is 
best to tie asparagus), and serve on hot dish with the Holland- 
aise sauce. 

Hollandaise Sauce. 

]/ 2 cup butter. >4 teaspoon salt. 

Yolks of 2 eggs. Few grains cayenne, 

i tablespoon lemon juice. >4 cup boiling water. 

Put butter in a bowl, cover with cold water, and wash, using 
a spoon. Divide in three pieces; put one piece in a saucepan 
with the yolks of eggs and lemon juice. Place saucepan in a 
larger one containing boiling water, and stir constantly with a 
wire whisk until butter is melted ; then add second piece of but- 
ter, and, as it thickens, third piece. Add water, cook i minute, 
and season with salt and cayenne. 

FRIED APPLES (Southern Style). 
Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

8 or 10 red apples. Lard and butter, 

i teacup of sugar. 

Slice apples rather thin, leaving the peeling and removing 
the core. Put heaping tablespoon lard and butter mixed into 
a hot skillet; put apples in, and sprinkle sugar all through them; 
cook until candied and a golden brown, stirring frequently to 
prevent burning. Nice for breakfast when serving bacon. 

Vegetables. 8 1 


Mrs. H. B. Burton. 

Soak the beans over night. Put them in enough boiling 
water to cover; add a piece of pickled pork. Cook with slow 
heat 3 hours, and serve with tomato catsup. 


Miss Gnssie Pfau. 

2 cups bean pulp. Salt and pepper to season, 

i cup rice. 

Mold in a pan, cover with salt pork strips, and bake I hour. 
Serve with 

Tomato Sauce. 

Melt i tablespoon butter with i tablespoon flour ; add gradu- 
ally 8 cups strained tomatoes, y 2 teaspoon salt, y 2 teaspoon 
sugar, *4 teaspoon white pepper, I clove. 

(For Vegetarian in Place of Meat.) 

Mrs. John M. Withrow. 

Take some cold, boiled beans, mash them, and add enough 
bread crumbs to make them stiff enough to mold, a little chopped 
onion, pepper, and salt. Form into croquettes, dip into milk and 
flour, and fry in hot oil or crisco. 


Mrs. J. W. See. 

Pick and steep 2 pounds sprouts in cold water and salt for 
a few hours before cooking. Throw them into plenty of boiling 
water containing a teaspoon of salt to every quart of water. 
Boil quickly for 15 minutes; then drain. Have ready 1 cup 
white sauce containing 1 tablespoon grated cheese. Add 2 table- 
spoons of the sauce to the sprouts, shaking it well among them. 
Serve the remaining sauce in a separate dish. 

82 Vegetables. 


Mrs. D. R. Byard. 

Cover i quart beans well with water and let come to boiling 
point. Drain off water, cover again with water, add a pinch of 
soda, and let simmer 3 or 4 hours, or until you can easily crush 
a bean between fingers. Place in bean pot, season with salt and 
pepper. Add 3 tablespoons New Orleans molasses and a little 
sugar, if desired sweet, and 1 pound pickled pork. Bake in slow 
oven 6 hours. Keep well covered with water until last hour. 


Mrs. Lazard Kahn. 

1 head cabbage. 1 teaspoon onion. 

1 cup chopped beefsteak. 1 small red pepper. 

1 egg. 1 slice bacon. 

j/ 2 teaspoon salt. J / 2 teaspoon ginger. 
1 cup bread crumbs. 

Select a firm head of cabbage. Cut a square wedge from 
the top, and fold back three layers of leaves. Then take out the 
center of the cabbage and chop fine. Put the bacon in a skillet 
with some drippings; also the onion, salt, and chopped cabbage; 
fry until tender. Add beefsteak, bread crumbs, the egg well 
beaten, pepper, and ginger. Mix well and put back in the cab- 
bage; fold the leaves back, place in the wedge, and tie firmly 
with a string. Place in a steamer and steam for 4 hours. 


Mrs. W. B. Falconer. 

Slice J / 2 head of cabbage coarser than for slaw. Pour boil- 
ing water over it and boil for 10 minutes; drain, and cover with 
fresh water. Boil for 20 minutes ; drain, and pour over it y 2 cup 
cream; season with salt, and thicken very slightly with flour. 


Mrs. A. H. Louis. 

Chop and soak a small head of cabbage in cold water for 
15 minutes. Put into boiling water and boil 5 minutes. Make a 

Vegetables. 83 

cream sauce of 1 tablespoon butter, 1 tablespoon flour, and 1 
cup milk. Add 1 tablespoon grated cheese, yolks of 2 hard- 
boiled eggs pressed through a sieve. Chop the whites of eggs. 
Put a layer of cabbage, then a layer of egg whites in baking 
dish. Pour over this the cream sauce, and bake in a quick oven 
20 minutes. 


Miss Marie Shuler. 

Break the boiled cabbage into small pieces. Place them in 
a baking dish in alternate layers with sauce and grated cheese. 
Cover the top with crumbs moistened with butter, and bake 
until the sauce bubbles through the crumbs. A little Worcester- 
shire sauce and paprika added to the sauce improves it. 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

Boil until tender. Put a little white sauce (made of milk 
and flour) mixed with grated cheese in a buttered dish and place 
the cauliflower upon it. Cover completely with sauce, and 
sprinkle the surface with crumbs and grated cheese. Place a 
few bits of butter on top, and bake for 15 or 20 minutes. 


Mrs. Chas. E. Woolford. 

Cut off the stalks; boil the cauliflower in milk and water 
until it is tender; make a sauce of drawn butter, and serve over 
it, or put bits of butter over it and serve hot. 


Miss Jane Whitaker. 

Use in proportion of 1 cup carrot cubes to 1 cup peas. Cook 
in boiling, salted water. Serve with white sauce, or instead use 
1 cup meat stock and y 2 cup cream to 3 tablespoons butter and 
3 tablespoons flour. Season, reheat, and serve at once. 

84 Vegetables, 


Miss Irene Keltner. 

2 cups celery. Dash of pepper, 

i cup onion. 3 cups of water. 

Scant teaspoon salt. 

Cook 25 minutes, until nearly dry. Add i]/ 2 cups milk. 
Make cream sauce and stir in gradually. Cook 5 minutes. 

FRIED CELERY (Italian Recipe). 

Mrs. John M. Withrow. 

Thoroughly clean the celery, remove leaves, and cut in 
4-inch lengths. Then put into stew pan with 2 slices each of 
bacon and boiled ham and l / 2 pint stock, and allow to simmer 
for about 15 minutes. Let the celery cool; then take it out and 
dip it in egg and bread crumbs, and fry in butter. Serve with 
tomato sauce. 


Miss Jane Whitaker. 

Wash ; cut into i-inch lengths ; cover with boiling, salted 
water, and cook until tender. Drain. Serve with white sauce. 


Miss Gussie Pfau. 

Two pounds cooked beans drained free from water. Rub 
through a sieve. Season and add 2 ounces (4 tablespoons) 
melted butter. Spread one-half on a floured board, place on it an 
onion stuffing, and cover with the rest of the beans. Shape 
and brush with an egg. Put 3 tablespoons butter in a pan ; place 
the chicken on it. Bake for 1 hour, basting regularly. Make 
a gravy with fat of the pan and the water in which the beans 
were cooked. 

Mrs. C. E. Corey. 

y 2 cup cream. Pinch of salt. 

y 2 cup vinegar. 1 quart cabbage. 

2 tablespoons sugar. 

Vegetables. 85 


Mrs. Frank Griner. 

1 can corn. 1 cup cracker crumbs. 

4 eggs. Salt, and a little pepper. 

y 2 cup flour. 

Beat thoroughly, and drop off spoon into deep fat. 


Miss Jane Whitaker. 

1 cup corn. 2 tablespoons melted but- 

2 eggs. ter. 

Salt and pepper. 2 cups of milk. 

Beat the eggs slightly; mix all together. Setting dish in 
a pan of water, bake until firm, in a moderate oven. Do not 
overcook. Fresh corn may be used. 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

12 ears of corn. 1 teaspoon salt. 

1 pint of milk. 2 tablespoons melted but- 

2 eggs, beaten separately. ter. 

1 tablespoon sugar. 

Grate corn just enough to break grains; then scrape ears 
with knife until inside pulp and milk are extracted. 

Beat yellows of eggs in pudding dish; add milk, sugar, salt, 
and butter ; then corn, and lastly the beaten whites of eggs. 

Dot top with small pieces of butter, and bake from y> to fy 
of an hour. 


Mrs. E. W. Hake. 

2 eggs. Salt and pepper. 
2 cups milk. 1 tablespoon flour. 

34 cup sugar. y> dozen ears grated corn. 

Small piece butter. 2/3 canned corn. 

Beat eggs well. Mix sugar, salt, flour, melted butter, and 
corn together; add eggs and milk, and bake about y 2 hour. 

86 Vegetables. 


Mrs. J. P. Day. 

Boil 2 egg plants 20 minutes. Cut lengthwise, scoop out 
the center, and mash and mix with T / 2 cup bread crumbs, */> tea- 
spoon thyme, 1 teaspoon vinegar, 1 teaspoon onion juice, salt 
and pepper to taste, 34 cup finely chopped salt pork, and 1 tgg. 
Add 2 tablespoons melted butter to the mixture, and cook 5 
minutes, stirring constantly. Pour in a baking dish, cover 
lightly with bread crumbs and small bits of butter, and bake 
slowly 1 hour. 


Mrs. Dan Millikin. 

Take 1 large or 2 small egg plants ; cut off one end and lay 
in steamer to steam until tender. Then scoop out with a 
spoon and mash fine. Season with salt, pepper, a very small 
amount of flour, and 2 tablespoons of cream. Put in a baking 
dish, cover the top with bread crumbs and small pieces of butter, 
and bake. 

Mrs. Maggie L. Tunnelle. 

Place a large egg plant in boiling water. Add a little salt 
and boil until it can be pierced with a straw. Take it from 
the water, wipe dry, and cut through the middle. Take out the 
center; mash fine. Add butter, pepper, salt, and y 2 cup cream. 
Put back in the shell, sprinkle with bread crumbs, and bake 
20 minutes. 

Mrs. Chas. E. Woolford. 

Cut in slices and lay in cold salt water for at least an hour. 
Make thin batter of 1 beaten tgg, a little water, and flour. Dip 
pieces in batter, and fry in butter and lard mixed. 


Mrs. Brandon Millikin. 

y 2 can kidney beans. 3 sweet peppers, chopped 

1 lb. cheese cut in pieces. fine. 

Season, and cook until peppers are soft. 

Vegetables. 87 


Miss Mabel Spellman. 

Boil y 2 package Italian macaroni in salt water until tender. 
Drain and put in a baking dish a layer of macaroni and a layer 
of grated cheese, and dots of butter over the cheese. Beat 3 eggs 
thoroughly, mix with 1 pint of milk, pour over the macaroni, 
and bake. 


Mrs. J. W. See. 

Break y 2 box macaroni into pieces an inch or two long. 
Throw into a kettle of boiling water and boil rapidly 30 minutes ; 
drain and throw into cold water; cook again until perfectly 
tender. Put in a saucepan 2 tablespoons of butter or olive oil ; 
add 1 small onion, chopped; fry until the onion is soft, but not 
browned. Add 1 pint strained tomatoes and the macaroni. 
When thoroughly heated, add y 2 pound American cheese, grated. 
Season with salt and generous supply of pepper. Stir well be- 
fore serving. 


Mrs. Joseph Wolf. 

Peel and put into cold water until ready to cook. Drain 
and put into a double boiler. For 1 pound of mushrooms add 2 
heaping tablespoons of butter, and salt and pepper to taste. 
Make a thickening of 1 heaping teaspoon of flour, 3 teaspoons 
of catsup, and 1 teaspoon of Worcestershire sauce. Do not add 
any water. 


Mrs. S. D. Mayer. 

Clean mushrooms and chop the stems very fine. Brown a 
tablespoon of butter and one of flour, and add the chopped stems. 
Put a little of this in each mushroom, under side up, and fry in 
butter. Do not turn. Serve on hot toast. 


Miss Albertine Nesbitt. 

Prepare as follows for 10 or 12 mangoes: 2 cups of cooked 
rice, y 2 cup of tomatoes. Cook the above with y 2 dozen ears 

88 Vegetables. 

of roasting ear corn ; season with salt, pepper, and butter. After 
mangoes have been cleaned, soak same in salt water ; then cook 
a short while until they are soft. Fill mangoes with ingredients, 
and place in oven and bake. 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

One dozen large okra pods sliced crosswise and stewed in a 
little water until almost tender. At the same time put to stew 
4 or 5 good-sized tomatoes. When okra is almost tender, add 
it to the tomatoes with red pepper and salt; stew until tender 
and well blended. Serve hot. 


Miss Clara Spellman. 

3 parsnips. ^ teaspoon salt. 

2 tablespoons flour. I dash of pepper. 

Peal parsnips, and slice the long way about }i inch in thick- 
ness; boil in clear water until tender. Take from the water in 
which they were boiled, and dip them in batter made from flour 
and water, and seasoned with salt and pepper; roll them in corn 
meal or cracker crumbs, and fry in butter, or butter and lard 
mixed. Serve very hot. 

Mrs. Maggie L. Tunnelle. 

Boil parsnips in plain water with a half teaspoon salt ; when 
tender, place in a baking pan, sprinkle with sugar, and also with 
butter. Place in oven to brown. 

GREEN PEPPERS (Victoria Style). 
Mrs. J. P. Day. 

4 medium-sized peppers. I clove of garlic. 

34 can tomato paste. i cup chopped celery, 

i scant cup split peas. Parmesan cheese, 

i teaspoon sugar. Salt and pepper to taste, 

i large onion. 3 tablespoons olive oil. 

Soak peas in warm water 2 hours; then drain. Remove 
seeds and white veins from peppers, cut in strips, then in dice. 

Vegetables. 89 

Put them in a saucepan, cover with cold water, and bring to a 
boil, and boil 8 minutes; then drain. Chop onion and garlic, 
and fry in the oil or in butter to a golden brown. Add celery, 
peppers, peas, seasonings, tomato paste, and sufficient water to 
cover; then simmer about 1 hour, or until the peas are tender. 
The sauce should be like gravy. If too thin, add a little thicken- 
ing. Serve with the cheese grated. 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

1 pint ground cooked veal, 1 teaspoon dry mustard. 

turkey, or chicken. Pepper, salt, and nutmeg 

1 cup ground bread crumbs. to taste. 
1 teaspoon chopped onion. 

Mix well dry. To y 2 cup vinegar brought to the boiling 
point add yolk of 1 well-beaten egg; 1 tablespoon sugar, 1 table- 
spoon butter, salt and pepper. After this has thickened, pour it 
over the meat and stir well. Then add y 2 cup rich cream and 
fill the peppers, which have had seeds removed, and soaked in 
cold water. Bake in oven about y 2 hour. Serve with sauce. 

Sauce for Peppers. 

Stew well y 2 can tomatoes; strain and return to the stove. 
Add salt, pepper, sugar, nutmeg, a little onion juice, lump of 
butter, large spoon of olive oil, 2 cloves, and a little mace. When 
this boils well, put in a large handful of chopped pecans (if 
liked), and pour the same ver}^ hot over the peppers. 


Mrs. S. D. Mayer. 

One can peas. Beat 1 egg until light, and add enough flour 
to make a thick batter. Heat a spoon in the peas and drop a 
little batter off the hot spoon into the boiling peas, and boil 
together about 15 minutes. 

DRIED PEAS. (Very Nourishing.) 

Mrs. John M. Withrow. 

Soak the peas over night in water with a little soda; cook 
in fresh water in a baking dish in the oven with the baking soda, 

90 Vegetables. 

mint sprig, a tablespoon of brown sugar, and at the end of ^ 
hour stir in ^2 ounce of butter to pint of peas, and salt to taste. 


Mrs. Caroline M. S. Potter. 

Peel 2 or 3 fine raw potatoes and put through a meat grinder. 
Have ready in a large skillet 3 slices of bacon ground fine. Fry 
the bacon ; then add the potatoes, that have been seasoned with 
a little onion, salt, pepper, parsley, and paprika. Toss around 
in the skillet with a silver fork until the potatoes are cooked; 
then add cold meat, that has been ground (j4 as much meat as 
potatoes) ; toss around until well mixed ; fold together in a nice 
loaf, and brown. 

Cold chicken, ham, sweetbreads, tongue, or cold stewed 
oysters may be used. Turn out into a hot meat dish, brown 
side up ; garnish, and serve at once. Butter may be used in- 
stead of bacon. 


Cut the potatoes in strips ; fry in deep, hot lard, and sprinkle 
salt over them. Drain quickly and serve on hot dish. 


Mrs. J. C. Schwartz. 

Six potatoes, baked. Cut slice from top, scoop out and 
mash, and add 2 tablespoons butter, 2 egg whites beaten stiff, 
salt and pepper, 5 tablespoons hot milk. Refill the shells and 
bake 5 to 8 minutes. 


Miss Jane Whitaker. 

2 cups mashed potatoes. 2 eggs. 

2 tablespoons cream. 1 tablespoon butter. 

Salt and pepper. 

Heat potatoes in saucepan ; add beaten yolks of eggs, cream, 
and seasoning. Stir until well mixed and potatoes heated. Care- 
fully add beaten whites. Pile lightly in a greased baking dish. 
Bake in hot oven until brown. 

Vegetables. 9 1 

Mrs. W. B. Shuler. 

1 pint milk and cream. Dash of paprika. 

2 tablespoons butter. 1 teaspoon pepper. 
1 teaspoon salt. 

Lastly: 3 tablespoons chopped green pepper, 2 tablespoons 
chopped parsley, 2 tablespoons chopped onion ; 1 pint sauce 
to 1 quart of potato cut in dice. Bake 1 hour in slow oven. 


6 medium-sized potatoes. 1 tablespoonful butter. 

Y^ teaspoonful salt. 3 tablespoonfuls cream, hot. 

J/& teaspoonful pepper. 

Scrub potatoes and pare. Put into boiling, salted water and 
boil gently until tender when tried with a fork (about 30 min- 
utes). Drain off water, shake the pan over the fire to dry po- 
tatoes. Mash in the hot pan ; add seasonings and hot cream. 
Beat until very white and light. Heap on a hot dish. Do not 
smooth top. 


Mrs. C. T. Elliott. 

Pare 6 medium-sized sweet potatoes and cook 10 minutes 
in salt water. Drain, cut in halves lengthwise, and place in a 
buttered pan. Make a syrup by boiling y> cup sugar, 4 table- 
spoons water, and 1 tablespoon butter. Brush potatoes with the 
syrup and bake until tender, basting with remaining syrup. 


Mrs. J. P. Day. 

4 medium-sized potatoes. 1 beaten egg. 

3 tablespoons salt. Few grains of pepper. 

Pare potatoes and cook in boiling water until done; then 
drain and mash. Then add butter, salt, pepper, and egg; shape, 
dip in crumbs, then in egg, then in crumbs again, and fry in 
deep hot lard, and drain. 

92 Vegetables. 


2 cups mashed potatoes. 2 tablespoons scalded milk. 
1 egg. 1 finely chopped onion. 

Mold and sprinkle with grated cheese, and place in a mod- 
erate oven 15 or 20 minutes. 


Mrs. Wm. Allen. 

1 pint cold boiled potatoes. j/2 cup cracker crumbs. 

1 cup white sauce. 1 tablespoon butter. 

y 2 cup crumbled cheese. Salt and pepper. 

Cut potatoes into dice, and season. Put a layer of po- 
tatoes in a baking dish, then a layer of sauce and cheese, then 
another, and cover with bread crumbs moistened with melted 
butter, and bake until the crumbs are brown. 


Miss Jane Whitaker. 

Cook 2 cups of potato cubes (j/2 inch) in boiling, salted 
water until soft. Drain, and add the following: 

Maitre d'Hotel Butter. 

3 tablespoons butter. Pepper. 

1 teaspoon lemon juice. 3/2 teaspoon finely chopped 

y 2 teaspoon salt. parsley. 

Serve with fish. 


Mrs. Wm. Allen. 

Peel and slice raw potatoes thin. Butter an earthen dish; 
put in a layer of potatoes ; season with salt and pepper, butter, 
and a little finely chopped onion, and sprinkle over it a little 
flour. Put another layer of potatoes and seasoning, and continue 
until the dish is filled. Just before placing in the oven pour 
over it a quart of hot milk and bake y^ of an hour. Cold boiled 
potatoes may be prepared the same way. 

Vegetables. 93 


Mrs. C. T. Elliott. 

Slice potatoes with vegetable slicer, and let stand in cold 
water I hour or more, changing the water. Pour off water and 
dry between towels. Fry in deep fat until light-brown, keeping 
in motion with a skimmer. Drain on brown paper and sprinkle 
with salt. 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

Parboil sweet potatoes until tender; remove skins and slice 
lengthwise; put into a baking dish, sprinkle well with plenty 
of brown sugar, diced butter all through the potatoes, and pour 
over all 3/2 pint of good, rich cream ; bake in hot oven until ma- 
terials have formed a nice brown caramel over potatoes. 


Miss Helen Peters. 

Boil a half dozen peeled sweet potatoes until soft. Mash 
them, and add salt, pepper, juice and grated rind of y 2 of an 
orange, and enough milk to make a soft mixture like mashed 
white potatoes. Bake in a well-buttered pudding dish until light- 


Mrs. J. P. Day. 

3 cups canned tomatoes. 1 teaspoon salt. 

1 small onion. % teaspoon soda. 
Sprig of parsley. ]/i cup rice. 

2 cloves. 1/3 cup cheese. 

2 slices carrot. 1 egg and a few grains of 

Sprig of thyme. cayenne. 

1/3 teaspoon peppercorns. 

Cook tomatoes, onion, cloves, carrots, parsley, thyme, pep- 
percorns, salt and soda together for 30 minutes; then remove, 
season, and rub through a sieve. Bring to boiling point and add 
rice. Steam until rice is soft. Remove from fire, add 1 egg 
slightly beaten, 1/3 cup cheese (grated), and cayenne. Cool, 
shape, and dip in crumbs, then in egg, in crumbs again, and fry. 

94 Vegetables. 


Mrs. Hugh Kernohan. 

i can tomatoes, 
i lb. Hamburger steak. 

Parboil the rice; mix with the tomatoes. Put a layer of this, 
then a layer of meat in a baking dish and bake in a moderate 
oven for I hour. This will serve 10 persons. 


Miss Jane Whitaker. 

To 4.y 2 cups boiling salted water add i cup washed rice; 
cook for 3 or 4 minutes. Finish cooking in a double boiler (22 
minutes). Do not stir. Put a layer of cooked rice in a buttered 
dish. Cover with a layer of grated cheese and white sauce. 
Continue until the dish is full. Use plenty of white sauce. 
Cover with buttered crumbs and brown in oven. 

Buttered Crumbs. 

Melt 1 tablespoon butter in pan. Add 4 or 5 tablespoons 
bread crumbs (or pretzel meal) and mix thoroughly. 


Mrs. Eugene Griffis. 

t quart of sauer kraut. 2 dashes of pepper. 

1 large apple. 2 lbs. of met-wurst. 

3/2 teaspoon of soda. 

Put kraut in large stew pan. Make hole in center, in which 
to put the apple. Sprinkle sugar over the top, and pepper. Cook 
with boiling water and let come to a boil; then put in soda. 
Cover closely with a lid, and set back to simmer for 3 hours. 
The last hour put in met-wurst. Do not add any more water. 


Mrs. G. A. Rentschler. 

Pick and wash spinach well, boiling it in plenty of salted 
water. When tender, drain and put it in cold water for a few 
minutes. Press all the moisture out of the spinach and put it 

Vegetables. 95 

into a saucepan with a little butter, and stir over the fire until 
dry. Dredge a little flour over the spinach with a little grated 
nutmeg, sugar, and salt. (This can be left out if preferred.) 
Turn into a hot dish, garnish with croutons of fried bread, and 


Mrs. G. A. Rentschler. 

Remove roots, carefully pick over (discarding wilted leaves), 
and wash in many waters, to be very sure that it is free from 
all sand. 

When young and tender, put in a stew pan, allow to heat 
gradually, and boil 25 minutes, or until tender, in its own juice. 
Old spinach is better cooked in boiling salted water, allowing 
2 quarts water to 1 peck of spinach. 

Put a piece of bacon (about 2 inches thick) in stew pan 
when boiling spinach. Remove bacon, drain thoroughly, chop 
finely, reheat in a stew pan where you added 2 tablespoons of 
butter and 1 tablespoon of flour. When melted, add spinach, 
and let cook for a few minutes. Garnish with slices of hard- 
boiled eggs. 

The green color of spinach is better retained by cooking in 
a large quantity of water in an uncovered vessel. 


Mrs. John M. Withrow. 

Make a pancake mixture consisting of 1 egg (beaten), ij4 
cups milk, salt, and 3 tablespoons flour. Pour this mixture into 
skillet of smoking hot lard and fry for a feAV minutes. When 
brown, fold in any cold, left-over spinach, with or without to- 
mato sauce. Remove the pancake and spinach to a baking pan 
and bake for 30 minutes after adding 1 cup of milk. 


Mrs. E. S. Griffis. 

y 2 package of spaghetti. % lb. of grated cheese. 

1 onion. 1 cup of mushrooms. 

iy 2 cups of tomato sauce. 2 tablespoons of butter. 

Boil spaghetti in salt water until tender, with onion stuck 
with 2 cloves. Strain and pour on cold water. Make a tomato 

9 6 Vegetables. 

sauce of strained tomato juice, butter, and thickening, and put 
in the mushrooms. Bake in a buttered pan in layers, and 
sprinkle with grated cheese. 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

Cut off tops of 8 large, firm tomatoes, scoop out center, 
and mix with them a cup of bread crumbs, 1 cup of cold, chopped 
ham, 1 tablespoon each of salt and sugar, a pinch of pepper, 
and 1 green pepper chopped fine, and a little chopped onion if 
desired. Fill the tomatoes with this and lay a slice of bacon 
on each one; place them in a pan with a cup of water, and bake 
1 hour. Take out and place on meat platter, set pan on the 
fire, and pour in one cup of milk. Dissolve 1 tablespoon corn- 
starch in half a cup of cold water ; thicken the gravy with this, 
and pour around the tomatoes. 


Mrs. J. P. Day. 

8 small tomatoes. y 2 cup chopped chicken or 

y 2 tablespoon onion. veal. 

2 tablespoons butter. 1 egg, salt and pepper to 

Y> cup bread crumbs. taste. 

Cut slice from the blossom end of tomatoes, scoop out seeds 
and pulp, sprinkle with salt, invert, and let stand y 2 hour. Cook 
the butter and chopped onion 5 minutes, stirring constantly. 
Add the meat, bread crumbs, tomato pulp, salt and pepper. 
Cook 5 minutes; add the egg, slightly beaten; cook 1 minute; 
fill the tomato cases, sprinkle with buttered cracker crumbs, 
adjust slices cut off for covers, and bake 20 minutes in hot oven. 


Mrs. Chas. E. Woolford. 

Peel and core tomatoes. 


Dry bread crumbs, salt and pepper. To 5 tomatoes : y 2 
onion, 1 tablespoon melted butter. Stuff tomatoes, place small 
lump of butter on each. Bake 20 minutes. 

Vegetables. 97 


Miss Jane C. Whitaker. 

y 2 cup turnip cubes. i cup carrot cubes, 

i cup potato cubes. Yi cup peas (canned). 

Cook turnips and carrots in salted water. When partly 
done, add potatoes and cook until soft. Add peas and serve with 
following sauce : 

Cook 2 slices onion in 2 tablespoons butter. Remove onion, 
add 2 tablespoons flour, ^4 teaspoon salt, % teaspoon pepper, 
yi teaspoon celery salt, a little paprika, and 1 cup milk. Cook 
until thick. Reheat vegetables in this sauce. Sprinkle with 
chopped parsley, and serve. 




Star (oaxicab 



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tin boxes. Price, 15c. per box 
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We manufacture our Vanilla, Lemon, and Colorings ; they are ab- 
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Agents for Rexall, Vinol, Penslar 





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Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

i lb. raw chicken or 



% lb. butter. 


3 eggs. 

y 2 lb. lean pork. 

i very small onion. 

Y^ lb. fat pork. 


%. lb. bread crumbs. 

Nutmeg, salt, pepper. 

To make, put meat in grinder and mix all together; make 
the bread crumbs into a panada ; add eggs, butter, minced onion, 
chopped parsley, nutmeg, salt and pepper to taste ; cook until it 
leaves side of pan ; set away to cool. Add the meat and put it 
all into little molds, and place in a steamer and cook 3 hours. 

Sauce for Bondius. 

Pour 1 quart cream over the mushrooms (canned), cook 
until thick, season with butter, salt, and pepper, and pour over 
bondius Avhen served. 


Mrs A. V. Fitzgerald. 

a. Cut slices of hard-boiled egg; take out the yolk; fill its 
place with caviare. Serve on thin slices of buttered brown bread. 

b. Slice of toast ; beaten white of egg, fancifully put around 
edge; caviare sprinkled on top; whole yolk of raw egg dropped 
in ; place in oven to set. 


Make very small craustades, l / 2 inch deep; fill with caviare. 
On it place a freshly opened blue point oyster; garnish with 
lemon and water cress. 


102 Entrees. 


Mrs. H. L. Scott. 

Cut small rounds of toasted bread, and in the center put a 
small portion of caviare, and around this a circle of tiny pearl 



Miss Irene Hanley. 

i lb. uncooked veal. y 2 saltspoon pepper. 

i slice onion. y 2 cup mushrooms. 

i cup white sauce. I teaspoon lemon juice. 

i saltspoon salt. I egg. 

i saltspoon celery salt. Parsley. 

Cut veal in i-inch pieces and cook with I slice onion in 
boiling salted water ; then put this into cold water to whiten. 
Make I cup of white sauce and season with salt, celery salt, and 
pepper. Put the mushrooms cut into quarters into the sauce; 
heat over hot water 5 minutes. Remove ; add quickly 1 teaspoon 
lemon juice and 1 well-beaten egg; serve inside potato border 
or on toast. Garnish with parsley. 


Mrs. Mary H. Gibbins. 

1 cup scalded milk. 1 tablespoon butter. 

1 cup stale bread crumbs. y 2 teaspoon salt. 

J /i lb. grated cream cheese. 3 eggs. 

Add bread crumbs to scalded milk; then cheese, butter, salt, 
and beaten yolks ; mix well ; then fold in the whites, beaten stiff, 
and turn into a buttered baking dish ; bake in a slow oven 20 
minutes. Test with a knife. 


Mrs. Mary P. Moffett, Sharpsburg, Ky. 

1 lb. cream cheese, ground. l / 2 dozen (Heinz') small 

4 hard-boiled eggs. sweet pickles, ground. 

Mash the yolks of eggs ; chop whites fine. Mix all together 
and moisten with a little mayonnaise, a dash of cayenne pepper, 

Entrees. 103 

so it will not show. Press in a mold or dish, put in a cool place 
an hour or two ; then it is ready to slice. If desired, add chopped 
pimentos and chopped nuts. 


Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

5 lb. chicken. Pinch of ground allspice. 

Veal. A little salt. 

1 small onion. A little pepper. 

Boil a 5-pound chicken until tender, and free meat from 
bones. Take the stock, chicken bones, and veal, a small onion 
and a little parsley, and boil until veal almost disappears. Strain 
this stock and add to it the ground chicken with a pinch of all- 
spice, salt and pepper, and boil about 45 minutes. Pour into 
molds, and turn out when hard. Serve with mayonnaise dress- 
ing. (Let the stock stand and skim all the grease off before 
adding to the ground chicken.) 


Mrs. Newton Smith. 

One can mushrooms or y 2 lb. fish ; y 2 can Spanish pimentos ; 
2 cups chicken cut in rather large pieces; ^4 cup sweet milk or 


Make white sauce of 1 tablespoon butter, 1 tablespoon of 
flour; add milk and pepper. When right consistency, add 
chicken, etc., and thoroughly heat. 


Mrs. James K. Cullen. 

1 chicken of 4^ lbs., or 2 4 sweetbreads, 

of 3 lbs. each. 1 can mushrooms. 

Cook chicken and sweetbreads. When cold, cut up as for 
salad. Heat 1 quart of cream. In another saucepan put 4 large 
tablespoons of butter and 5 even tablespoons of flour. Rub to- 
gether until smooth ; then pour in hot cream, stirring until thick. 
Add *4 onion, grated. Season lightly with salt, black and red 

104 Entrees. 

pepper. Mix chicken, sweetbreads, and mushrooms with cream 
dressing; stir together, put into baking dish, cover with bread 
crumbs, and lumps of butter, and bake. If made without sweet- 
breads, use more chicken, and is quite as good. 


Mrs. Joseph W. Doron. 

i chicken, white meat. I onion. 

y 2 lb. fresh mushrooms. 2 cloves. 

1 pint cream. 1 carrot. 

1 tablespoon butter. Branch of celery. 

1 pimento. 1 large truffle. 

Have a nice size chicken. Put in pot with 1 onion, 2 cloves, 
1 carrot, a branch of celery, salt, cold water to cover it; let boil 
till tender. Use broth for soup. 

Separate the skin and bones from meat. Cut in pieces. 
Wash and peel ]A pound fresh mushrooms (canned will do) ; 
slice them ; put 1 tablespoon butter in a saucepan ; add the sliced 
mushrooms ; let smother on fire for 5 minutes ; add 1 chopped 
red pimento (canned) ; add 1 pint fresh, thick cream ; also the 
pieces of chicken, 1 large truffle, sliced thin. Serve with toast. 

You will remember the breast of chicken is used. If whole 
is used, increase other things in proportion. 


Miss Irene Hanley. 

Take )/> lb. of chicken, chopped very fine ; season with J/£ 
teaspoon of salt, x / 2 teaspoon celery salt, % saltspoon cayenne 
pepper, 1 saltspoon white pepper, a few drops of onion juice, 
i teaspoon chopped parsley, 1 teaspoon of lemon juice. Make 
some very thick cream sauce and pour over the meat. Lay on 
platter to cool ; then mold, dip in cracker crumbs and egg. Fry 
in deep fat. 

Mrs. Frank Griner. 

1 ! j cups cold chicken, minced. t tablespoon butter in milk. 

3 slices onion, minced. 2 eggs beaten with 

Salt and pepper. 2 teaspoons cornstarch, and 
1 pint boiling milk. added to rest. 

Entrees. 105 

Cook all 10 minutes, stirring. When cold, if not stiff enough, 
add fine cracker crumbs, roll in balls, dip in egg and cracker 
crumbs, and fry in deep fat. 

Serve with Tartare Sauce. 

2 eggs (yolks only). 1 tablespoon cider vinegar. 

% pint olive oil. y 2 teaspoon mustard. 

1 saltspoon salt. 1 tablespoon chopped gher- 

3/2 saltspoon pepper. kins or capers. 

Beat together lightly vinegar and eggs ; add drop by drop 
the oil (stir same way all the time) ; then add salt, pepper, and 
mustard; then the gherkins or capers. 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

1 lb. sweetbreads. 1 can mushrooms. 

Boil sweetbreads till tender; remove skins and pipes. After 
they have been tossed in cold water to harden them, cut into 
small pieces, add mushrooms cut in small pieces, and cover with 
a rich cream dressing; season well with salt, paprika, and plenty 
of butter. Put into ramekins and cover with buttered cracker 
crumbs and some grated cheese; set in a pan with a little hot 
water and put in the oven to brown. 


Mrs. E. S. Griffis. 

1 pint cold, boiled rice. 2 tablespoons of butter. 

• 3 tablespoons of milk. 1 tablespoon sugar. 

1 egg- 

Warm the rice with enough of the milk to soften it. Add 
the butter, pinch of salt, sugar, and beaten egg, and cook until 
it thickens. When cool, roll into balls and dip in egg and bread 
crumbs, and fry in deep fat like doughnuts. 


Miss Helen Sloneker. 

Take 6 eggs boiled hard, 1 cup milk, 1 tablespoon of butter, 
2 tablespoons of flour, 1 tablespoon chopped parlsey, 1 teaspoon 


106 Entrees. 

onion juice, I teaspoon salt, a dash of pepper. Boil tog-ether; 
then let stand on ice till cold. Shape into cylinders. Roll in 
egg and cracker crumbs, and fry in hot lard. 


Mrs. E. S. Griffis. 

One pair sweetbreads, parboiled. Break in small pieces. 
y 2 can of mushrooms, chopped, i cup of warm, boiled rice. 
Season to taste with salt and pepper, and moisten with cream 
sauce. When cool, shape in croquettes and roll in eggs and 
bread crumbs. Fry in deep fat. 

Cream Sauce. 

i tablespoon of melted but- i cup of hot milk, added 

ter. gradually. 

i tablespoon of cornstarch. Season to taste. 


Mrs. H. L. Scott. 

1 pint cooked and chopped y 2 teaspoon chopped parsley. 

sweetbreads. % pint cream. 

4 tablespoons chopped 2 eggs. 

mushrooms. 1/3 teaspoon white pepper. 

2 tablespoons butter. A dust of nutmeg. 

1 tablespoon flour. 1 tablespoon lemon juice. 

1 tablespoon salt (scant). 

Mix the salt, pepper, nutmeg, parsley, and lemon juice with 
the mushrooms and sweetbreads, and set aside to season while 
making a white sauce with the butter, flour, and cream. Add 
the meat to the sauce, and lastly the beaten egg. Set away to 
cool or stiffen for two or three hours ; then shape, crumb, and 
fry in deep fat. Serve with cream sauce. 


Mrs. J. W. Pryor, Lexington, Ky. 

i)/2 lbs. sweetbreads. 1 cup toasted breadcrumbs. 

1 tray of brains. t egg. 

Plunge sweetbreads into cold water for an hour; then par- 
boil. When cold, separate and pick apart. Parboil brains, mix 

Entrees. 107 

with bread crumbs, and moisten with 3 or 4 tablespoons of water 
in which the sweetbreads were boiled ; season with white pepper, 
salt, nutmeg, and chopped parsley. Add the whole egg, and 
then mix in the sweetbreads. Set away to get thoroughly cold. 
Mold, roll in egg and cracker crumbs, and fry in deep fat. Serve 
w r ith rich mushroom sauce. 


Mrs. H. C. Snively. 

1 can salmon. 1 egg. 

lYi cups boiled rice. 1 cup cracker crumbs. 

Remove bones and skin from salmon ; add beaten egg, rice, 
salt to taste. Roll into cylinders, dip in egg and cracker crumbs, 
and fry in deep fat. 


Miss Helen Sloneker. 

Two cups cold, mashed potatoes; yolks of two eggs, beaten; 
y 2 teaspoon of salt, and y 2 teaspoon of pepper. Mix all of these, 
then mold into cone shapes, leaving a small hollow in top of 
each. Place in greased pan in oven till brown; 2 minutes before 
removing put a little of the beaten whites of the egg into the 
hollow on top. 


Mrs. Wra. Allen. 

i l / 2 lbs. veal. J /> lemon. 

1 cup milk. 1 tablespoon parsley. 

2 tablespoons flour. 1 egg. 

Boil i l / 2 pounds veal. When cold, put through a meat 
grinder. Put into a double boiler 1 cup of milk, 1 cup of veal 
broth; rub 2 tablespoons of flour with 2 of milk; pour into hot 
milk, stir till thick, and add 1 tablespoon of chopped parsley, 
juice of y 2 lemon, a little nutmeg, salt, pepper, and onion juice 
if desired. When cold and stiff, mold into balls. Break into a 
pan 1 egg with 1 tablespoon hot water; dip balls, and roll in 
fine bread crumbs, and fry in hot lard. This will make i J / 2 dozen 

io8 Ent 



Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

Mix well together 2 pounds ground steak, 2 cups cold, 
mashed potatoes, and y 2 cup milk; season with salt, pepper, and 
a little choped onion, if desired. Form into cylinder-shaped cro- 
quettes flattened at the ends. Dip them into an egg which has 
been beaten in a tablespoon of water, roll in cracker crumbs, 
lay side by side in a savory roaster, pour over all 1 tablespoon 
butter which ' has been mixed in 1 cup slightly salted boiling- 
water, place cover on pan, and roast brown. Each hot croquette 
served in a lettuce leaf with a bit of mayonnaise supplies an 
extremely and nourishing meat dish at a nominal cost. 


Max Wichman. 

Take raw chicken ; pass through a meat cutter ; puree of 
mushrooms mixed with it, to bind ; form into cutlets ; bread ; 
fry slowly in butter till done, and serve with tomato sauce. 


Miss Irene Hanley. 

1 can lobster. 2 tablespoons butter. 

1 pint milk. % pint milk. 

1 egg. 1 teaspoon of lemon juice. 

1 tablespoon cream. * A little salt and red pep- 

2 tablespoons butter. per. 

1 teaspoon lemon juice. 1 egg. 

2 tablespoons flour. 2 heaping tablespoons of 
Salt and red pepper. flour. 

1 lobster or 1 can of lobster. 1 tablespoon of cream. 

If the fresh lobster is used, remove the meat from the shell, 
reserving claws and feelers for garnishing. Chop the lobster, 
blend the butter and flour, add milk, then boil 3 minutes. Add 
cream, lemon juice, salt, and red pepper. Mix thoroughly, spread 
on plate, and allow to cool. When cool and firm, divide into 12 
equal parts, form into cutlets, and dip into egg and cracker 
crumbs. Fry a light-brown in deep fat. 

Entrees. 109 


Mrs. Brandon Millikin. 

1 cup meat nuts. 1 cup milk. 

2 tablespoons butter. 1 egg. 

-2 tablespoons flour. 2 cups bread crumbs. 

Chop fine 1 cup of nut meats. Make a cream sauce with 2 
tablespoons of flour, 2 tablespoons butter, and 1 cup of milk, 
salt, and pepper, and bring to boiling point. Take off fire, add 
1 egg, beaten light, and 2 cups of bread crumbs. Then add nuts, 
and mix thoroughly. Put on a platter to cool. Cut in squares, 
and fry in deep fat, first dipping into egg and bread crumbs. 
Serve with tomato sauce. 


Mrs. J. W. Pryor, Lexington, Ky. 

1 chicken. 3 or 4 eggs. 

1 can mushrooms. Onion juice. 

1 cup cream. Salt. 

1 tablespoon butter. Cayenne pepper. 

1 tablespoon flour. Parsley. 

Cook 1 large chicken until tender. Remove all skin and 
bones, and grind 3 times. The last time add 1 can of mush- 
rooms before grinding. Make a white sauce of 1 cup of cream, 
1 tablespoon of butter, and 1 tablespoon of flour. Cook until 
thick, and pour over chicken. Add large lump of butter and 3 
or 4 eggs (1 at a time). Season with a little onion juice, salt, 
cayenne pepper, and a little chopped parsley. Beat very hard 
and light before putting into mold (one large one or individual 
ones). Steam 2 hours, and serve with champignon sauce. 


Mrs. Lazard Kahn, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Nice for Sunday night, served cold. Poach as many eggs as 
required — not too soft or too hard. Place a lettuce leaf on plate; 
then nice, large slice of tomato; then poached egg. Pour over 
a spoonful of mayonnaise, and place in center j/ 2 teaspoon of ca- 
viare. Serve with reception flakes. The use of a ^poacher is 
recommended to keep the eggs in uniform shape. 

no Entrees. 


Mrs. Chas. Parrish. 

1 pint flour. Milk. 

2 eggs. i cup chopped apples. 
Pinch of salt. Peaches or bananas. 

I teaspoon baking powder. 

One pint of flour, 2 eggs beaten separately, a pinch of salt, 
1 teaspoon of baking powder, sweet milk enough to make batter 
for muffin, or just to run from spoon. Add beaten whites of 
eg;gs, then a full cup of chopped apples or peaches or bananas. 
Drop from spoon into deep, hot lard or crisco, which is better 
for it, as it will not smoke or burn. When nicely browned, lift 
and dredge with powdered sugar. Serve with maple syrup or 
any sauce. This serves eight. 


Miss Helen Sloneker. 

6 ears corn. 3 tablespoons flour. 

1 egg. 1 teaspoon baking powder. 

2 tablespoons cream. Salt and pepper. 

Six ears of corn cut off ; then add 1 egg and 2 tablespoons of 
cream. Next add the 3 tablespoons of flour and 1 teaspoon of 
baking powder, and last a little salt and pepper. Drop into hot, 
deep fat with a spoon, and leave until light-brown. 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

2 eggs. 1/3 cup milk. 

i J / 2 cups flour. V-/2 teaspoons baking powder. 

1 pint corn. Pinch of salt. 

Beat eggs, add milk, flour, corn, and lastly the baking pow- 
der. Fry in hot fat. 


Miss Rachel Weaver. 

1 heaping cup cooked rice. 1 egg. 

y 2 cup milk. 1 teaspoon baking powder. 

Thicken with flour, not too stiff. Drop in deep fat. Have 
lard hot enough to cook quickly. 

Entrees. 1 1 1 


Mrs. S. M. Schell. 

6 eggs. 
J/2 teaspoon 


12 tablespoons milk. 
Dash white pepper. 

Spanish Filling No. i. 

i can tomatoes. 
3 small onions. 
3 slices of bacon 

i small red pepper, 
i teaspoon salt. 

Beat the whites of eggs until dry; beat yolks until light- 
colored and thick. Add to the yolks 2 tablespoons of milk to each 
egg, y 2 teaspoon salt, and a dash of white pepper. 

Mix together thoroughly, then turn the beaten whites into 
the yolk mixture. Have a pan hot and buttered before turning 
in the mixture, spreading evenly over the pan. Let this stand 
about 2 minutes where there is a moderate heat. Then set in 
oven to cook top lightly, and as soon as a knife thrust into the 
center of the omelet comes out nearly clean, remove from oven. 

Fold part nearest handle over the other part after covering 
with Spanish filling, reserving some for the top. 

Spanish Filling No. 2. 

Take I can tomatoes and put on range in white-lined sauce- 
pan. Cut 3 slices of bacon into cubes, and brown in a skillet. 
Pour fat and all into tomatoes. Put 3 small onions cut fine also 
into tomatoes, 1 small red pepper broken fine, and a teaspoon 
of salt. Cook all the above until the water is gone from the to- 
matoes. This is better made some time before the omelet, and 
heated when wanted for omelet. 

Fold this into the omelet, reserving part for the top. 


Mrs. Townsend, Zanesville, Ohio. 

Butter ramekin cases and line with bread cut from a stale 
loaf, free from crust. Make a raw custard in the proportion of 
J /, cup milk, a pinch of salt, and a dash of cayenne to each beaten 
egg. Mix well, and baste the bread until each is well soaked. 
Cover the top with an inch layer of dry, grated cheese. Salt and 
pepper lightly, and place in moderate oven about f/2 hour. Bread 
should set in center and cheese be brown. 

1 1 2 Entrees. 


Mrs. Charles L. Whitaker. 

1^2 cups chicken. I cup cream sauce. 

Loaf of stale bread. 

Cut bread in slices 2 inches thick; cut off crust to make 
rounds 4 inches in diameter. Scoop out center, leaving shell 
y 2 inch thick. Toast in oven till brown. 

Mix iy 2 cups chicken in 1 cup of hot cream sauce, and pour 
in ramekins. Serve hot. This will serve 6 people. 

Chicken, veal, or salmon may be used. 


Mrs. S. M. Schell. 

2 cups boiled ham. 2 tablespoons butter. 

6 hard-boiled eggs. 4 tablespoons flour. 

1 pint sweet milk. Salt and pepper. 

Two cups of cold, boiled ham ground fine, and 6 hard-boiled 
eggs. Make a thick cream sauce of a tablespoon of butter and 
4 of flour. Cook till smooth, then add a pint of sweet milk. 

When thick, season with salt and pepper. Butter a baking 
dish, put in a layer of sauce first, then add in succession ham, 
sliced eggs, and top layer of sauce, dusted with fine cracker 
crumbs and small pieces of butter. Bake until brown, which 
will be about half an hour. 

This makes a nice luncheon dish, and scraps of ham or 
pieces clinging to the bone that can not be served sliced, can be 
utilized in this way. 


Mrs. Lazard Kahn, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

1 teaspoon butter for pan. 2 tablespoons milk. 

2 eggs. Pinch salt, pepper. 

Beat yolks till lemon color; add milk and seasoning. Fold 
in beaten whites (very stiff). Butter pan, and when yellow pour 
in omelette. Cook on top of stove till brown underneath, and 
run in oven for a few minutes to dry the surface. 

Entrees. 1 1 3 


Max Wichman. 

Butter a patty pan, line it with thinly sliced cheese, break an 
egg in the center, season with pepper, add a tablespoon of milk 
or cream, cover with grated cheese, and bake for 20 minutes ;. 
serve on dry or fried toast. 


Mrs. Daniel Evans, Boston, Mass. 

1 cup scalded milk. 34 teaspoon salt. 

1 cup soft bread crumbs. A little cayenne. 

J /4 lb. milk cheese. Yolks of 3 eggs. 

Mix all thoroughly, adding the stiffly beaten whites of the 
eggs last. Bake about 20 minutes. 


Miss Helen Sloneker. 

Y\ cup macaroni. 1 egg. 

1 cup ham. Bread crumbs. 

1 cup milk. 

Cook 34 cup of macaroni, broken into inch lengths, in rap- 
idly boiling salted water. Butter a baking dish, put macaroni 
in, alternating with cold, boiled, grated ham. Sprinkle each layer 
with fine bread crumbs and bits of butter. Beat 1 egg, mix it 
with 1 cup of milk, and pour over all, and bake in a slow oven 
for y 2 hour. 


Mrs. Philebaum. 

4 large tomatoes. 4 tablespoons butter. 

1 small onion. 1 tablespoon flour. 

2 green peppers, finely 1 cup milk and cream. 

chopped. Salt, cayenne pepper. 

Cut the tomatoes in halves crosswise, lay cut side up in 
a baking pan and sprinkle with the finely chopped onion; also 
the peppers, from which the seeds and veins have been removed. 

H4 Entrees. 

Season highly. Put a small piece of butter on each piece of 
tomato, using 2 tablespoons for the purpose. 

Pour y 2 cup of water into the pan and bake in quick oven 
till the tomatoes are tender. 

Melt the remaining 2 tablespoons of butter, and brown the 
flour in it ; add milk and cream, also the liquor from the baking 
pan. Stir till boiling, and cook 3 minutes longer. 

Dish the tomatoes on squares of toast, and pour the sauce 
around them. 


Mrs. S. M. Schell. 

1 cup chicken. i)/ 2 cups cream. 

2 eggs. White pepper. 
% cup bread crumbs. Salt. 

Beat 2 eggs; add 1 cup of cold, cooked chicken, chopped fine, 
%. cup of bread crumbs, J / 2 teaspoon each of salt and white pep- 
per, i l / 2 cups of thin cream. 

Turn the mixture into well-buttered timbale molds lined 
with paper in the bottom. Set the molds in a pan of hot water. 
Let cook in oven until firm in the center. 

The timbales will take from 20 to 30 minutes. Unmold on 
a chop plate, and serve with a sauce made of chicken broth and 
cream or all cream thickened with cornstarch, and flavor with 
Worcester sauce, about 1 tablespoonful. 

All kinds of leftovers of meat make good timbales, and toast 
can be substituted for bread. 


Mrs. Nelson H. Trimble, Mt. Sterling, Ky. 

2 cups chicken. Peas, onion, parsley, salt, 

% cup cream sauce. pepper. 

2 eggs. 

Mix with 2 cups of ground, cooked chicken, ^4. cup of cream 
sauce; add 2 eggs; season with a little onion, chopped parsley, 
salt and pepper. 

Grease a border mold and fill with mixture. Steam about 
y 2 hour; turn out, and fill center with peas. 

Individual molds can be used. 

Serve with a mushroom sauce. 

Entrees. 1 1 5 


Mrs. Virginia Walker. 

1 cup chicken. 4 tablespoons cream. 

1 tablespoon butter. 2 eggs. 

y 2 cup bread crumbs. Salt and pepper. 

One cup of cold chicken chopped fine. Melt a tablespoon of 
butter; ]/ 2 cup of bread crumbs; 4 tablespoons of cream. When 
heated, add the chicken, with salt and pepper and yolks of 2 
eggs. Mix thoroughly and add the whites after removing from 
the fire. Bake in hot water 20 or 30 minutes, and serve with 


Mrs. Hugh Kernohan. 

y 2 cup cream. White meat of 1 chicken. 

J4 cup bread crumbs. Whites of 4 eggs. 

Take y 2 cup of cream and J4 CU P of dried bread crumbs. 
Boil together until it forms a paste, and season with salt, pepper, 
and a little mace. Then add the uncooked white meat of 1 
medium-sized chicken ground fine, and whites of 4 eggs beaten 
stiff. Place in greased individual molds, set in pan of hot water, 
and bake about 25 minutes. Serve with cream sauce. 


Mrs. E. A. Belden. 

y 2 lb. raw chicken. y 2 cup of milk. 

1 cup bread crumbs. 1 teaspoon salt. 

Whites of 5 eggs. 

Grind y 2 pound of raw chicken. To 1 cup bread crumbs add 
y 2 cup milk and boil until thick. Add 1 teaspoon salt, 2 dashes 
black pepper, and 1 pinch cayenne. Add the chicken, and lastly 
the beaten whites of 5 eggs. Fill mold 2/3 full, and bake from 
25 to 30 minutes in a pan of hot water. Serve with mushroom 

Mushroom Sauce. 

Two tablespoons butter, 2 tablespoons flour, 1 pint of milk, 
1 can mushrooms, 2 level teaspoons salt, dash of black pepper, 
and a pinch of cayenne. 

u6 Entrees. 

Mrs. R. C. McKinney. 

i cup stale bread crumbs. % teaspoon salt. 

i cup milk. y§ teaspoon pepper. 
4 tablespoons butter. Whites of 2 eg'gs. 

1 cup cooked ham, chopped. 

Cook the bread crumbs and milk together until the con- 
sistency of a smooth paste. Add butter, ham, and seasoning; 
then fold in the stiffly beaten whites of the eggs. 

Fill individual molds 2/3 full of mixture, set in pan of hot 
water, cover with buttered paper, and bake in a moderate oven 
until firm. Remove to hot platters, and garnish with slices of 
hard-boiled eggs. 


Mrs. Charles A. Byrne, Hatfield, Mass. 

1 can shrimp. 1 pint cream sauce. 

1 can peas. Salt, pepper, butter. 

Remove all shells from shrimps; rinse peas with cold water; 
add the cream sauce and seasoning. Fill ramekins, and cover 
with crackers rolled and sifted, adding a little melted butter to 
the crumbs. 


Mrs. Hinckley Smith. 

To 3 cups of blackberry or other fruit juice, sweetened 
enough for table use when canned, add Yz cup flour, 1/3 cup 
sugar, y 2 cup butter, and cook well. Pour over a dozen dices 
of well-browned toast. 


Artificial Gas is the Safest Gas used in Domestic 
Science. The time given in these recipes is for 
Artificial Gas. No vent pipes are necessary when 
it is used. No headaches. No smarting eyes. 
No dry throat. No wet walls and damp sleeping 


PHONE 463 

Best Results 

can be attained by the use of our high 
grade cooking utensils. We carry the 
better grade of kitchen-ware. 

Leonard Refrigerators 

are best for keeping food in prime condition. 
One-Piece Porcelain Linings. Ten walls of 

Comeand Mmmmm0f 332 - 336 

See Us J ^_jCm i ■ ■ |^^ High Street 


We carry the largest and finest selection of eatables in the city 

We make a specialty of all kinds of nuts, 
figs, dates, dried fruits, in season and out. 


The Pure Pood Grocer 


Sala5s an5 Sala6 iDressings* 


It is essential that all leaf salads and celery be dry. Oil 
and water do not mix, and if salad is wet, the dressing will run 
off it and also lose its flavor. They should also be crisp and clean. 
Divest them of imperfect portions, and wash, to free them of 
dust and grit ; then place them in very cold water to refresh and 
crisp them. Dry carefully, shaking lettuce or water cress in a 
wire basket, or carefully dry each piece in a clean napkin. 
Celery may be drained or wiped. 

The salad may be dried some time before using it, and if 
kept near the ice, will retain its crispness; but dressing must 
not be added until the moment of serving, as it wilts the leaves. 
The same rule applies to vegetables used as salads; they should 
be dry and cold. 


Mrs. John P. Day. 

6 cold boiled potatoes. 2 hard-boiled eggs. 

2 onions. 12 sardines. 
1 cucumber. Cooked mayonnaise. 

1 tablespoon parsley. 

Cube potatoes; slice onions and cucumbers; mince parsley; 
cut eggs fine; flake sardines, and mix all ingredients with cooked 
mayonnaise. Garnish with split sardines, capers, and parsley, 
and serve on lettuce leaves. 


Mrs. W. B. Mayo. 
6 live lobsters. Lettuce. 

Take the lobsters and plunge in boiling water to which 1 
small cup of salt has been added. If lobsters are small, boil 25 


i 20 Salads and Salad Dressings. 

minutes; but if large, boil 30 minutes. When cold, remove 
from shell and cut with scissors in quite large pieces. Wash 
and chill lettuce leaves, and add to lobster about 1/3 lettuce to 
2/3 lobster. Mix and cover with dressing No. 2. 


Mrs. M. Smedley. 

1 lb. tin crab meat. • 1 pimento. 

2 stalks of celery. }i fresh cucumber. 

1 sweet green pepper. % teaspoon paprika. 

Mayonnaise. 34 teaspoon salt. 

Chop pepper, pimento, cucumber, and celery. Add crab 
meat, paprika, and mayonnaise dressing. Serve on lettuce leaves. 

Mrs. John P. Day. 

1 pint canned salmon. 1 tablespoon powdered gel- 

1 tablespoon lemon juice. atine. 

34 cup water. Parsley. 

Remove skin and bones from salmon ; mince fine ; add lemon 
juice, a dash of red pepper, minced parsley, and salt to taste. 
Mix together and bind with any prepared salad dressing and 
the gelatine dissolved in water. Fill small molds and set them 
on ice to chill quickly. Turn out on crisp lettuce leaves. Gar- 
nish with olives, and serve with mayonnaise. 


Mrs. Fenton G. Slifer. 

10 cents veal steak. Celery. 

1 tablespoon sugar. Cabbage. 

10 English walnuts. White grapes 

Boil the veal until tender, and pick into small pieces. Add 
sugar, salt, pepper, and celery, or celery seed. Cut cabbage fine ; 
the amount to be used according to the amount of meat. If 
no cabbage is used, replace it with white grapes. Last add the 
chopped walnuts. Mix with mayonnaise and serve on lettuce 

Salads and Salad Dressings. 121 


Mrs. E. C. Huffman. 

1 can shrimp. 1 cup celery, chopped. 

1 cup chopped cucumber Mayonnaise, 


Remove the intestinal vein from one can of shrimps; then 
cover with cold water 15 minutes. Drain, and add chopped cu- 
cumbers and pickles. Mix with a good mayonnaise dressing 
1 hour before serving. Serve on lettuce leaves. 


Mrs. C. Earle Hooven. 

Sweetbreads. Celery. 

Let sweetbreads lie in salt water 1 hour. Drain and plunge 
in boiling water seasoned with salt. Boil until tender; drain, 
and cool. Break into nice-sized pieces, and add an equal amount 
of celery cut in pieces. Mix with mayonnaise No. 6, and serve 
on lettuce leaves. 


Mrs. John P. Day. 

Sweet cream. Chestnuts. 

Cream cheese. Sweet peppers. 

Browned cracker crumbs. 

Work a little sweet cream into a cream cheese with some 
finely chopped sweet peppers. Divide into fine pieces, and roll in 
cracker crumbs. Form into shape of open chestnut burrs. Re- 
move the meats from chestnuts ; boil them in salt water until 
tender; put them in cheese shells, and arrange on lettuce leaves. 
Serve with mayonnaise. 

Mrs. Frank Millikin. 

1 dozen eggs, hard-boiled. A few capers. 

Cheese, grated. Pickles, chopped fine. 

Slice the eggs and put a layer in a dish. Grate on a thick 
covering of cheese; add another layer of eggs, alternating with 

122 Salads and Salad Dressings. 

the cheese until the eggs are all used up. Sprinkle capers and 
pickles over top. Then pour over dressing No. 3, and again 
cover with grated cheese. 


Mrs. John P. Day. 

1 pint cooked rice. Walnuts. 

Almonds. Raisins. 

Pecans. Oranges. 
Cooked prunes. 

Moisten the rice with mayonnaise dressing; mound carefully 
upon crisp lettuce leaves. Arrange cooked prunes stuffed with 
almonds, walnuts or pecans, cooked raisins, and quartered 
oranges on top, and garnish with lettuce or other greens. 


Mrs. J. W. Pryor, Lexington, Ky. 

1 large chicken. 34 lb- almonds. 
4 hearts of celery. Mayonnaise. 

Take the breast (only) of 1 chicken, and when cold, cut into 
large chunks. Add the hearts of celery cut rather fine, and the 
shelled almonds. Have this ready, but do not mix with dressing 
until ready to serve. Use mayonnaise dressing No. 1. 


Mrs. J. W. Pryor, Lexington, Ky. 

Yz pint rich cream. 34 c u P chopped pimentos. 

y 2 pint water. ^2 teaspoon salt. 

2 tablespoons gelatine. Tobasco sauce. 
Dry mustard. Cayenne pepper. 

y 2 pint grated yellow cheese. 

Beat cream to solid froth; gradually add water in which 
the gelatine has been dissolved. Then add cheese and pimentos. 
Beat well, and add salt, a dash of tobasco sauce, a little mustard, 
and cayenne pepper. Also a few nuts and olives if desired. 
Mold, and decorate with nuts and olives. Serve with mayon- 

Salads and Salad Dressings. 123 


Mrs. J. A. Vansant, Mt. Sterling, Ky. 

2 lbs. cheese. Green peppers to taste. 

3/2 pint whipped cream. (cut fine). 

2 /z lb. pecans, cut fine. 

Use cream cheese or Neufchatel and cream. Mix cheese 
well, beating it until light, and using a great deal of mayonnaise 
until it beats like cake batter. Add nuts and peppers. Then 
put in whipped cream ; pack in wet salt, as you would ice-cream. 


Mrs. H. G. Carter. 

1 small head cabbage, ^2 cup English walnuts, 

shredded fine. chopped. 

4 or 5 tart apples, cut in 1 tablespoon finely chopped 

dice-shaped pieces. white onion. 

5 or 6 cold, firm potatoes, 2 stalks celery, cut fine. 

diced. A pinch of cayenne pep- 


Toss well together with a silver or wooden fork. Pour over 
a generous quantity of mayonnaise dressing, and set aside on 
ice for an hour. Serve on lettuce leaves. 


Mrs. Wm. Reaves. 

1 can kidney beans. 3 pickles. 

1 bunch celery. 3 hard-boiled eggs. 

1 pint black walnut meats. 

Use egg dressing. 


Mrs. John P. Day. 

Cucumber. Chopped pineapple. 

Chopped nuts. 

Hollow out cucumber, making a rectangular opening almost 
the length of cucumber. The part that is removed, cut in small 

124 Salads and Salad Dressings. 

pieces and mix with chopped pineapple and nuts. Fill the cu- 
cumber with mixture, arrange on lettuce leaves, and garnish 
with whole nut meats. Serve with an oil mayonnaise. 


Miss Gussie Pfau. 

y 2 peck spinach. Pepper. 

Cold boiled tongue. Lemon juice. 

Hard-boiled eggs. Mayonnaise. 

Cook spinach; drain, and cut fine. Season with salt, pep- 
per, and lemon juice, and add butter. Pack mixture into slightly 
buttered molds. Chill, and arrange on circle of cold tongue and 
lettuce leaf, garnished with hard-boiled eggs. Serve with 


Miss Leila Gilcrest, Grand Junction, Colo. 
4 hard-boiled eggs. French dressing. 

Separate yolks and whites of eggs. Chop whites finely, 
marinate with French dressing, and arrange on lettuce leaves. 
Force yolks through a potato ricer and pile on the center of 
white. Serve with French dressing. 


Mrs. M. J. Buckner, Owensboro, Ky. 

i cup chopped celery. 3 tablespoons Knox gela- 

1 can tomatoes. tine. 

1 large onion. 1 teaspoon salt. 

y 2 pint water. Sugar. 

Vinegar. 1 dessertspoon mixed 

1 cup chopped nuts. spices. 

1 pint water. 

Put on to boil the tomatoes, the pint of water, the onion, 
and spices ; after boiling, strain. Dissolve the gelatine in the 
3/2 pint water. Stir into the strained tomatoes, adding the salt, 
a little vinegar, and a little sugar to taste. Dissolve the little red 
tablet that comes with the Knox gelatine, and add to give pretty 

Salads and Salad Dressings. 125 

color. When mixture begins to jelly, stir in 1 cup chopped 
celery and 1 cup chopped nuts. Mold, turn out on lettuce leaf, 
and serve with a good mayonnaise. 


Mrs. Frank Trowbridge. 

Pimentos. 2 tablespoons pecans. 

Cream cheese. French dressing. 

Line timbale molds with canned pimentos which have been 
thoroughly drained and dried, and pack solidly with the follow- 
ing mixture : 

Work a small cream cheese until smooth ; add pecans broken 
in pieces, and moisten with French dressing. Chill thoroughly, 
remove from molds, and cut in 1/3-inch slices crosswise. Ar- 
range on crisp lettuce leaves, allowing three slices for each por- 
tion, and serve with salad dressing No. 4. 


Mrs. John P. Day. 

1 tablespoon granulated 1 teaspoon salt. 

gelatine. 34 cup beets in cubes. 

34 cup cold water. y> cup cabbage, shredded. 

1 cup boiling water. 3 / ? CU P P eas > cooked. 

% cup sugar. y 2 cup cucumber cubes. 

34 cup vinegar. 2 tablespoons lemon juice. 

Soak gelatine in cold water and dissolve in boiling water. 
Add sugar, vinegar, lemon juice, and salt. Strain, cool, and 
when mixture begins to thicken add the cold vegetables. Turn 
into a mold and chill thoroughly. Remove from mold, arrange 
around thin slices of cold, cooked meat, preferably roast lamb. 
Top with mayonnaise and garnish with water cress. 


Mrs. R. C. McKinney. 

Beets. Eggs, hard-boiled. 

Boil 1 large red beet for each person; skin it, drop in cold 
vinegar, and let stand over night. In the morning hollow out 
the drained beets and fill with the eggs, chopped and sprinkled 
with French dressing. Set each cup on a lettuce leaf. 

126 Salads and Salad Dressings. 


Mrs. A. G. Gale. 

Select 4 large sweet peppers, cut off end, and remove the in- 
side, leaving the cup. If very strong, let stand in cold salt water 

Filling for Peppers. 

i pint, cottage cheese. Salt to taste. 

Dash of paprika. Cucumber. 

Asparagus tips. French dressing. 

Pimento. Blanched almonds. 
A little cream. 

Moisten with a little cream the cheese, paprika, and salt; 
add 32 blanched almonds, halved. Stuff the peppers with these 
ingredients; put in ice-box until ready to use. Then slice each 
pepper in 3 round slices ; place on lettuce leaf 3 asparagus 
tips, 3 slices of cucumber, 1 slice of stuffed pepper, and a thin 
slice of pimento. Serve with French dressing. 


Miss Lena Schatz. 

1 quart potatoes. 1 medium-sized onion. 

1 cup celery. 1 small cucumber. 

1 pimento. Mayonnaise. 

Cook potatoes with their jackets on; let cool, remove jack- 
ets, and cut into dice. Cut celery, onion, and cucumber fine ; cut 
some of the pimento fine ; mix all well with mayonnaise dressing 
No. 7, and garnish with thin strips of pimento, sliced hard-boiled 
eggs, and olives. 


Mrs. John Andrews. 

1 can peas. 2 hard-boiled eggs. 

1 pint chopped celery. Mayonnaise. 

Cook the peas as for table use. When cold add celery and 
hard-boiled eggs, cut into small bits. Cover with mayonnaise 
and serve on lettuce leaf. 

Salads and Salad Dressings. 127 


Mrs. J. A. Nyland. 

2 hard-boiled eggs. A few onions. 

;4 teaspoon salt. }i teaspoon sugar. 

2 boiled potatoes. Lettuce. 

1 tablespoon butter. 1/3 cup vinegar. 

Wash lettuce, cut fine, and drain all water off. Place in 
dish and cut up over lettuce as many onions as cared for, sliced 
boiled eggs, the salt and sugar. Mash the hot potatoes and 
place on this ; then heat the vinegar enough to melt the butter, 
or, if preferred, you can fry out 3 or 4 slices of bacon, and use 
the grease in place of the butter, and pour this over the lettuce 
hot. Serve at once. 


Miss Louise Dingfelder. 

1 package of peach jello. Yi cup grated cocoanut. 

1 can peaches. 1 cup cooked dressing. 

Into individual molds put a half canned peach and fill the 
mold with peach jello. When ready to serve, turn out on a let- 
tuce leaf and garnish with cooked dressing and grated cocoanut. 


Mrs. Lou Pfau. 

Barlett pears. Blanched almonds. 

Chopped celery. 

Place half a Bartlett pear on lettuce leaf and stick into it 
blanched almonds. Then surround it with chopped celery. Put 
a spoonful of fruit salad dressing No. 3. 



Mrs. Sam D. Fitton, Jr. 

y 2 lb. marshmallows. 1 can pineapple. 

y 2 grapefruit. 

Cut in squares and mix. Let stand some time before serv- 
ing. Dress with boiled salad dressing made with lemon. Serve 

128 Salads and Salad Dressings. 

with whipped cream, topped with a cherry or strawberry. Can 
be used with salad dressing No. i. 


Mrs. Albert Hoffman, Mt. Sterling, Ky. 

Pineapple slices. Nuts. 

Neufchatel cheese. Pinola. 

Place a whole slice of pineapple on a lettuce leaf. In the 
center put a cheese-ball rolled in nuts, and on top of cheese-ball 
place a pinola. Lay strips of pimento across pineapple. Serve 
with cooked mayonnaise. 


Miss Louise Dingfelder. 

i can white cherries. Y\ cup nut meats. 

3 slices canned pineapples. 3 tablespoons cooked ma- 

y 2 package of dates. yonnaise. 

10 marshmallows. 1 pint whipped cream. 

Drain and seed the cherries and cut the marshmallows. 
Mix the whipped cream with mayonnaise, and just before serv- 
ing add the dressing to the cherries, pineapple, dates, marsh- 
mallows, and nut meats, which have been thoroughly chilled, 
and serve on a lettuce leaf. Dressing No. 3 can be used. 


Miss Marie Shuler. 

1 cream cheese. 3 tablespoons whipped 

1 glass Bar-le-duc currants. cream. 

Beat with a fork a square of Philadelphia cream cheese 
or of domestic Neufchatel until it is light and smooth. Whip 
3 tablespoonfuls of cream to a stiff froth. Mix cheese and 
whipped cream together lightly, and pile mixture on a plate in 
which it is to be served. Just before serving pour over it a 
glassful of Bar-le-duc red currants. Around the edge of the 
plate place stuffed olives of the different varieties, and serve 
with reception wafers. 

Salads and Salad Dressings. i 29 


Mrs. Charles Millikin. 

l /± dozen firm, ripe tomatoes. 34 cll P chopped pineapple. ' 

34 cup chopped apples. 1 tablespoon pecan nuts, 

34 cup celery, chopped. chopped fine. 

Remove pulp of tomatoes, mix with mayonnaise, and add to 
the rest of the ingredients. Fill the tomato shells with this mix- 
ture and serve on water cress or lettuce leaf. 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

1 can white California cher- Whipped cream. 

ries. French dressing. 

Filbert nuts. 

Remove seeds from cherries and insert a filbert nut in each. 
Place lettuce leaves on salad plates and pile cherries on top. 
Pour a well-seasoned French dressing mixed with some of 
the juice off the cherries over all. 

Place a generous amount of stiffly whipped cream over top. 

Mrs. G. Kummerling. 

Apples. Nuts. 

Lettuce. Mayonnaise. 

Core and pare Northern Spy apples ; bake or boil until done. 
When cold, stuff the center with nuts. Serve on a lettuce leaf, 
with a mayonnaise dressing. 


Miss Althea V. Spellman. 

2 oranges. Bananas. 

2 apples. Celery and nuts. 

y 2 lb. white grapes. 

Peel oranges, remove all parts but pulp, losing as little of 
the juice as possible. Cut grapes in halves, remove brown ends 
and seeds. Peel and dice apples. 

Mix fruit with dressing No. 3. 

Salads and Salad Dressings. 


Mrs. H. L. Scott. 

2 oranges. 1 can pineapple. 

Y2. lb. Malaga grapes, 1 small bottle cherries. 

Yi lb. marshmallows. Small glass almonds. 

Cut orange into small sections and remove stringy part; 
cut grapes into halves and remove seeds; cut marshmallows into 
quarters ; cut pineaple into small pieces ; blanch almonds, and 
cut in half. 

Mix together and serve with mayonnaise dressing No. 5. 


Mrs. Emma Rosebroek, Indianapolis, Ind. 

y 2 lb. white grapes. l / 2 lb. pink grapes. 

1 lb. English walnuts. 1 package gelatine. 

Mayonnaise. Whipped cream. 

Cut grapes into halves and remove seeds. Crush the wal- 
nuts. Arrange in a dish a layer of cooled gelatine, the grapes 
and nuts, alternately until all is used. Flavor the gelatine with 
orange and lemon juice and a little sugar. Let stand on ice until 
ready to serve, then top with fruit, mayonnaise dressing No. 5, 
decorate with red and yellow cherries and crushed nuts. 


Miss Mamie E. King, Mt. Sterling, Ky. 

1 cup English walnuts. 1 cup crisp celery. 

1 cup tart apples. 

Cut the ingredients in small pieces, mix together, and 
sprinkle with shredded cocoanut. Then mix well with mayon- 
naise dressing. This salad may be served in apple or tomato 
shells placed on lettuce leaves, or on lettuce leaves alone. 


Mrs. J. W. Pryor, Lexington, Ky. 

3 yolks. 1 lemon. 

Olive oil. Cayenne pepper. 

Beat yolks well with a little salt, and slowly add sufficient 
olive oil to make thick enough to stand alone. Add cayenne 

Salads and Salad Dressings. 131 

and juice of lemon, and when mixed with salad and ready to 
serve, top with a spoon of whipped cream. 


Mrs. W. B. Mayo. 

4 large teaspoons sugar. y 2 cup cider vinegar. 

2 teaspoons mustard. y 2 cup water. 
2 teaspoons salt. Butter size of egg. 

Yolks of 6 eggs. 

Mix sugar, mustard, and salt with yolks of eggs. Dilute 
vinegar with water, and add butter. Boil this mixture until it 
thickens, stirring constantly. Thin with cream, if necessary, 
when ready to serve. 


Miss Althea V. Spellman. 

1 tablespoon butter. 1 teaspoon sugar. 

1 tablespoon flour. 2 egg yolks. 
Juice of 1 orange. Pinch of salt. 
Juice of 1 lemon. 1 cup cream. 

Melt butter; add flour, then fruit juice, sugar, and salt, 
and lastly eggs well beaten. Cook until thick; when cold, add 
the cream, whipped. 


Mrs. Frank Trowbridge. 

4 tablespoons olive oil. y 2 teaspoon powdered sugar. 

2 tablespoons grapefruit y 2 teaspoon salt. 

juice. 34 teaspoon paprika. 


Mrs. H. C. Snively. 

Juice of 1 lemon. y 2 cup sugar. 

1 teaspoon flour. y 2 pint double cream. 

3 eggs. 1 cup pineapple juice 
Juice of 2 oranges. (canned). 

Cook in double boiler the beaten yolks of eggs with the 
flour and fruit juices; if it should thicken too much, use a little 

13 2 Salads and Salad Dressings. 

more fruit juice. After this has cooked, stir in quickly the beaten 
whites of eggs, let cool, and just before serving fold in the cream, 
whipped stiff. 


Mrs. C. Earle Hooven. 

6 gills olive oil. i teaspoon salt. 

Yolks of 2 eggs. i saltspoon Coleman's 
Juice of i lemon. mustard. 

Vinegar to thin (about i I saltspoon cayenne pepper, 

tablespoon). i saltspoon powd. sugar. 

Beat the yolks of eggs and add the first gill of oil drop by 
drop. Thin with lemon juice; stir constantly; after the third gill 
of oil, season ; add rest of oil and vinegar to thin as needed. 
When finished it should be quite thick. 

A mayonnaise mixer is best, otherwise stir with a fork. 


Mrs. Eugene Griffis. 

3 eggs, well beaten. 6 tablespoons milk or cream. 

2 level teaspoons mustard. 3 tablespoons melted butter. 
1 teaspoon salt. y? cup good vinegar. 

Mix the beaten eggs, milk, and butter together. Heat vine- 
gar, and dissolve mustard with it; then add salt and red pepper. 
Do not cook too long, or it will curdle. This is fine for potato 


Mrs. Thomas Beckett. 

1/3 cup vinegar. 2 teaspoons salt. 

3 eggs. 34 saltspoon cayenne. 
1 large teaspoon mustard. 1 tablespoon sugar. 

Beat the whole eggs with the mustard ; put all ingredients 
in double boiler and add 1 cup of cream. Heat 1/3 cup vinegar 
to boiling point, and add 1 large tablespoon butter to melt ; add 
to mixture in the double boiler and cook until consistency of 
soft custard, stirring constantly. 

Good for lettuce or sandwiches. With a little more sugar 
and vinegar added it is excellent for cold slaw. 

Salads and Salad Dressings. 133 


Mrs. M. Tunnelle. 

12 eggs. 1 quart vinegar. 

2 tablespoons mustard. Cayenne pepper. 

5 tablespoons oil or 1 cup 1 tablespoon salt. 

butter. 4 tablespoons flour. 

2 cups sugar. 
Cook all ingredients until light and smooth ; can, and seal. 
Will keep indefinitely. 


Mrs. Allen Andrews. 

4 yolks. 1 teaspoon sugar. 

1 teaspoon English must- Olive oil. 

ard. Cayenne pepper. 

1 teaspoon salt. 

Rub yolks of 2 hard-boiled eggs very fine and smooth. Add 
mustard and salt, yolks of 2 raw eggs, and sugar. Pour in gradu- 
ally very fresh olive oil, and beat as long as the mixture con- 
tinues to thicken ; then add vinegar until as thin as desired. 

If not hot enough with mustard, add a little cayenne pepper. 


Miss Elaine Barden. 

1 teaspoon paprika. 3 tablespoons olive oil. 

Flavor with garlic. Roquefort cheese, size of 

6 tablespoons vinegar. tgg. 

Rub salad bowl with garlic ; cream the cheese with the olive 
oil until light ; add paprika and vinegar gradually. 

Serve over quartered head lettuce. Enough for 6 people. 


Mrs. Belle Line Hiteshue. 

1 pint vinegar. Lump butter size of egg. 

2 egg yolks. 3 tablespoons sugar. 
1 teaspoon salt. 2 tablespoons flour. 

y 2 teaspoon mustard. Pinch red pepper. 

Mix ingredients smooth, and add hot vinegar. Boil a short 
time. Thin with cream when cold. 

134 Salads and Salad Dressings. 


Miss Sarah Blair. 

1 cup vinegar. 2 tablespoons cornstarch. 
y 2 cup water. y 2 cup sugar. 

Yolks of 4 eggs. 1 teaspoon salt. 

Dash of paprika. 1 tablespoon mustard. 

3 tablespoons butter. 

Boil vinegar and stir in other ingredients; remove from 
fire as soon as it thickens ; beat in the eggs the last thing. 

Bottle and seal. Will keep for months. Thin with cream 
as used. 


Mrs. D. R. Byard. 

2 tablespoons sugar. y> teaspoon salt. 

2 level tablespoons flour. 1 teaspoon butter. 
2/3 cup weak vinegar. y 2 cup sour cream. 

1 teaspoon mustard. 

Mix dry ingredients with a little water; add egg and hot 
vinegar; let thicken in a double boiler; then add the butter and 


Mrs. Stanley Shaffer. 

3 tablespoons mayonnaise 1 dessertspoon parsley, 

dressing. chopped fine. 

3 tablespoons chili sauce. A few drops of mush- 
1 or 2 pimentos, chopped room catsup. 



Miss Marie Shuler. 

3 tablespoons olive oil. V 2 teaspoon salt. 

1 tablespoon vinegar or y, teaspoon red pepper, 

lemon juice. 

A little catsup and a little sugar may be added if liked. 
Mix the salt and pepper with the oil ; then add slowly the 
vinegar, stirring constantly. All the ingredients should be cold. 

Salads and Salad Dressings. 135 


Mrs. Joseph Wolf. 

4 tablespoons mayonnaise 1 small piece mango, 
dressing. chopped fine. 

2 tablespoons chili sauce. 1 teaspoon Worcestershire 

2 spring onions, chopped sauce. 

fine. 2 tablespoons best olive oil. 

1 hard-boiled egg, chopped 2 tablespoons cream, 

Do not add oil and cream until ready to serve. 


Mrs. Homer Gard. 

ChifTonade. Other ingredients. 

1 hard-boiled egg. Oil mayonnaise. 

Chives. Chili sauce. 

Beets. Whipped cream. 

Chop very fine, hard-boiled egg, beets, chives, and parsley. 
Mix equal parts of oil mayonnaise, chili sauce, chiffonade, and 
whipped cream. 


Mrs. Eugene Griffis. 

1 cup tarragon vinegar. 10 sweet gherkins. 
Small quantity capers. yi teaspoon paprika. 

2 tablespoons olive oil. 1 pimento. 

2 tablespoons sugar. Salt to taste. 

10 olives. 

Chop olives, pickles, capers, and pimento ; add the vinegar, 
sugar, salt, and paprika. 

Fine to serve with asparagus. 




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"No soil upon earth is so dear to our eyes 
As the soil we first stirred in terrestrial pies." 


Be sure to perforate upper crust of all two-crust pies. 

When baking juicy pies, make an incision in center, place 
funnel-shaped piece of white paper, short length of macaroni, 
or soda-water straw in the incision. 

Always brush the edge of under crust with cold water, and 
press upper crust down on it. 

Take a strip of muslin about 1^2 inches in width, lay around 
edge of pie pan before putting in lower crust; after upper crust 
is on and pie finished, fold muslin back over edge of pie. This 
will keep juicy pies from bursting. Remove strip immediately 
after taking pie from oven. 

To know when a fruit pie is done: When the juice bubbles 
out through perforation and spatters over upper crust. 

When using both sugar and flour, it is best to mix them well 
together before putting over fruit. 

PASTRY No. 1. 

Miss Elizabeth Roll. 

2 cups pastry flour. 2 tablespoons lard. 

2/3 cup butter. Cold water for stiff 

]/ 2 teaspoon salt. dough — about %. cup. 

Mix salt with the flour and cut in the fat (two knives) ; 
moisten to a dough with cold water, handling with a spatula 
or knife ; toss on a floured board, pat, and roll out ; fold so as 
to make three layers ; turn half way round, pat, and roll out 
again ; repeat, then divide and roll out as needed. Keep cold 
and handle quickly and lightly. Butter must not be too hard, 
or crust will be tough. This amount makes two medium-sized 
pies with two crusts each. 


140 Pies. 

PASTRY No. 2. 

The Committee. 

1 cup pastry flour. % CU P water. 
1/3 cup lard. A little salt. 

Sift flour, add salt, and rub in shortening; mix with the 
water ice-cold. Handle as little as possible. This is enough 
for one pie. 

PASTRY No. 3. 

Mrs. S. D. Mayer. 

2 cups flour. Pinch of salt. 
1 cup butter. 

Mix well; add just enough water to hold together; do not 
handle more than necessary. Roll out on a floured board. This 
will make two pies without covers. 


Mrs. Charles Parrish. 

5 lbs. neck piece of beef. 4 grated nutmegs. 

3 lbs. raw suet, chopped. 2 lemons — juice and grated 

4 lbs. raisins. rind. 

4 lbs. currants. 3 oranges. — juice. 

1 lb. citron, chopped. 1 tablespoon salt. 

2 oz. cinnamon. 1 teaspoon pepper. 

1 oz. cloves. 2 lbs. granulated sugar. 

2 quarts cider. 1 quart New Orleans mo- 
1 oz. ginger. lasses. 

Cover beef with boiling water and cook until tender, skim- 
ming frequently; salt, and let boil until dry; let cool, and chop. 
Add twice as much tart apples as you have meat, then all other 
ingredients. In a porcelain kettle put two quarts cider; boil 
down half, add 1 quart New Orleans molasses, and when boil- 
ing pour over the mixture. Stir thoroughly. 



Mrs. W. J. Barley, Portland, Ore. 

2 lbs. lean beef. 
34 lb. chopped suet. 
2 lbs. seeded raisins. 
2 lbs. cleaned currants. 
4 pints chopped apples. 

2 grated nutmeg's. 

I tablespoon cinnamon. 

3 quarts sweet cider. 
}/ 2 tablespoon cloves. 

Heat thoroughly and can. 

1 candied lemon peel, 

1 candied orange peel, 


1 quart dark molasses. 

2 glasses of jelly — one 

dark and one light. 
1 tablespoon salt. 
1 teaspoon pepper. 

Mrs. Lurton Fahrney. 

1 quart boiled cider or fruit 
juice (from spiced fruit) 
or vinegar. 

3 teaspoons cinnamon. 

1 teaspoon cloves. 

1 nutmeg. 

2 lbs. beef and piece of suet. 
2 lbs. raisins. 
1 lb. currants. 
10 cents' worth citron. 
10 cents' worth candied 

orange peel. 
10 cents' worth candied 
lemon peel. 

Chop the meat and add twice its bulk of apples, 
served fruits if you wish. If too thick, add water. 


Mrs. Wm. Wallace, Ft. Leavenworth, Kan. 

7 cups granulated sugar. 

Add pre- 






lb. suet. 

lb. raisins (Sultana). 

lb. currants. 

lb. citron. 

lb. seeded raisins. 

lbs. apples. 

lbs. sugar. 

lb. candied orange peel. 

Heat sufficiently for canning. 

34 lb. candied lemon peel. 
y 2 teaspoon allspice. 
y 2 teaspoon nutmeg. 
y 2 teaspoon cloves. 
y 2 teaspoon salt. 

3 teaspoons cinnamon. 

1 quart cider. 

It needs no other cooking. 

142 Pies. 


Mrs. Rhoda E. Kimbrough. 

i cup raw Hamburger Lump of butter size of 

steak. hulled walnut. 

3 cups chopped apples. Yz cup water. 

2 cups sugar. % cup of vinegar. 

y 2 cup raisins. Pinch of salt. 

Mix meat, apples, and sugar; boil together water, butter, 
and vinegar, and add to mixture. Add raisins and other fruit 
if desired. Season with cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, to taste. 
Do not add cinnamon until ready to bake, as it makes the mince 
meat ropy. This will keep for weeks if kept in cool place, or 
is ready to use as soon as mixed. This quantity will make six 

Mrs. S. Wonnell. Mrs. Elmer R. Shipley. 

Mrs. Clarence Kennedy. Mrs. Emmeline Schliep. 

4 quarts green tomatoes. i cup chopped suet. 

2 lbs. brown sugar. ^ cup strong cider vinegar. 

I lb. seeded raisins or i cup i teaspoon cinnamon. 

currants and I cup rais- I teaspoon cloves. 

ins. i tablespoon salt. 

y 2 lb. chopped citron. i tablespoon nutmeg. 

Chop tomatoes fine, and drain off the water ; cover with cold 
water, let come to a boil, and scald 30 minutes. Drain well; 
repeat the parboil 3 times. Then add all other ingredients ex- 
cept spices. Stir well together and cook until thick. When cold, 
add the spices and stir thoroughly. It can be reheated and 
canned. Apples may be added to suit the taste. 


Mrs. Frank Saylor. 

Line a pie pan with pastry, and fill with sliced tart apples. 
Sprinkle with y 2 cup sugar and teaspoon flour well mixed. Add 
2 tablespoons water. Dot with cubes of butter and dust with 
cinnamon. Wet edge of lower crust, put on upper crust, press 
closely together, and trim edge; fold and crimp. Make opening 
in upper crust to allow steam to escape. Bake in moderate oven 
from 30 to 45 minutes. 

Pies. 143 


Mrs. George Higgins. 

iy 2 cups dark-brown sugar. Butter size of egg. 

i l / 2 cups cold water. 

Bring to boiling point, but do not stir. 

Mix the yolk of 1 egg with 2 tablespoons of cornstarch and 
stir into the boiling mixture. Cook until thick. Put in a baked 
crust. Beat the white of the egg to stiff froth ; spread on top ; 
place in oven to slightly brown. 


Mrs. A. Seidensticker, Mrs. M. Smedley. 

1 cup dark-brown sugar. 2 tablespoons cornstarch. 

1 tablespoon butter. 1 cup milk. 

Y,olks of 2 eggs. 

Stir well when cooking. Make meringue of whites and 4 
tablespoons sugar. 


Mrs. John L. Beeler. 

1 cup light-brown sugar. 1 tablespoon flour. 

1 cup milk. 2 eggs. 

1 tablespoon butter. 

Beat the yolks of eggs; add the sugar, flour, butter, and the 
milk; cook all together until thick. Fill a baked crust, spread 
beaten whites over top, and place in oven to brown. 


Mrs. Will Elliott and Mrs. H. D. Gath, Oxford, Ohio. 

4 tablespoons chocolate. 2 tablespoons cornstarch or 

1 pint boiling water. 3 of flour. 

6 tablespoons sugar. Yolks of two eggs. 

Melt chocolate in boiling water. Mix the other ingredients 
thoroughly; stir all together and boil until thick like custard. 
After pouring in a ready-baked crust, spread the stiffly beaten 
whites of the 2 eggs over the top and brown in quick oven. 

1 44 Pies. 


Mrs. William Andrews. 

i small cocoanut, grated. 4 level tablespoons flour. 

Yolks of 3 eggs. 1 pint scalded milk. 

24 cup sugar. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

Mix sugar and flour, moisten with a little cold milk, add 
egg yolks, then pour on scalding milk. Cook and stir constantly 
until thick. Cool and flavor, then add 1/3 cocoanut; put this 
in a baked pie shell. Beat whites of 3 eggs stiff; mix in a little 
cocoanut and 1/3 cup powdered sugar. Spread on pie, and the 
rest of the cocoanut on the top. Put under fire and brown. 


Miss Myrtle Morgan. 

1 pint milk. Butter size of nutmeg. 

y 2 pint water. 2 eggs (yolks). 

1 cup of soft white sugar. Little grated nutmeg. 

2 tablespoons flour. 

Let milk come to boil; add butter and nutmeg; beat until 
smooth the yolks of the eggs, flour, sugar, and water; then stir 
into the heated milk and let come to a boil. Flavor with vanilla. 
Pour in crust already baked. Beat the whites of the eggs; add 
two teaspoons of sugar. Spread this over pie and place in oven 
to brown. 


Mrs. J. R. Woods. 

1 pint milk. 3 eggs. 

1/3 cup sugar. 

One-third cup flour mixed to a batter with sweet milk. Boil 
milk; stir in, first, the yolks of the eggs, then the butter; stir 
until well cooked, and flavor with vanilla. When cold, fill a 
baked crust. Whip the whites of the eggs to a dry froth with 
two tablespoons of sugar, and spread on top. Set in oven a few 
minutes to brown. 

Pies. 145 


Mrs. Frank Millikin. 

1 large cup thick, sour 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

cream. Lump of butter size of 

1 cup sugar. egg. 
1 cup chopped raisins. 

Add this mixture to two slices of bread without crust; put 
in saucepan ; cook until thick, stirring all the time. Let cool 
before filling a baked crust. Whip sweet cream, sweeten, and 
flavor with vanilla; spread on top and dot with blanched almonds 
or English walnuts. 


Mrs. Will Shuler. 

1 cup thick sour cream. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

1 cup sugar. % teaspoon cloves. 

1 cup chopped raisins. 1 teaspoon salt. 

1 egg- 
Bake in deep pie pan lined with crust. 


Mrs. Will Shuler. 

1 cup sugar. 1 pint boiling water. 

1 heaping tablespoon flour. Yolks of 2 eggs. 

1 level teaspoon cornstarch. 

Beat thoroughly the yolks of eggs with sugar; add the floui 
and cornstarch dissolved in milk. Pour into the boiling milk and 
cook until thick. Let cool, flavor with extract of orange, and 
pour into baked crust. Cover with white of eggs flavored with 
orange; place in oven to brown. 


Mrs. Will Shuler. 

Put whole, fresh strawberries in baked crust. Add cream 
filling as for cream pie, covering the whole with meringue; 
brown quickly in hot oven. The strawberries and cream filling 
should be cold before being placed in crust, and not allowed to 
stand long before serving. 

146 Pies. 


Mrs. Eugene Griffis. 

3 eggs. 1 dash grated nutmeg. 

1 tablespoon sifted flour. 1 tablespoon melted butter. 

3 tablespoons sugar. 1 pint scalded milk. 
1 teaspoon vanilla. 

Beat yolks to a cream; stir flour into sugar and add to 
yolks ; put in a pinch of salt, vanilla, and nutmeg, next the well- 
beaten whites of the eggs ; lastly the butter in the scalded milk. 
Mix in by degrees, and bake in open crust. 


Mrs. Clyde Slifer. 

Line a tin with a rich paste ; make a custard, using the yolks 
of 3 eggs, iy 2 pints of rich milk, 2 tablespoons sugar. Place in 
the tin a layer of canned or stewed peaches well sugared. Bake 
in a well-heated oven. Frost when done. 


Mrs. Charles Millikin. 

Make a cherry pie as usual, but omit the upper crust. When 
nearly done, beat an egg light and add it to a scant J / 2 cup of 
cream and a tablespoon of sugar. Pour over the top of pie, re- 
turn to oven, and bake until custard is set. 


Mrs. Frank Saylor. 

Line a pie pan with rich pie crust; nearly fill it with seeded 
cherries; sprinkle evenly with y 2 cup sugar and 1 tablespoon 
flour mixed well together. Wet edge of crust, put on upper crust, 
and press edges closely together, taking care to provide holes 
in the center of upper crust for the escape of steam. 

Pies from blackberries, raspberries, etc., are all made in 
the same way, regulating the quantity of sugar by the tartness 
of the fruit and adding a little water, 

Pies. 147 


Mrs. A. M. Young, Boston, Mass. 

1 cup cut cranberries. 1 cup sugar. 

y 2 cup seedless raisins, 1 cup boiling water. 

chopped. 2 scant teaspoons vanilla. 

Bake in a deep pie plate with under crust and pastry strips 
on top. 

Mrs. Charles Millikin. 

1 lb. dates. 2 cups milk. 

3 eggs. I cup sugar. 

1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

Soak dates in warm water over night; then stew and sift 
the same as pumpkin. Into the pulp stir beaten eggs, cinnamon, 
milk, and sugar. Bake in one crust. 


Mrs. Lazard Kahn, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Four tablespoons sugar, 1 tablespoon butter; cream to- 
gether; 3 eggs (yolks). Add this to following: 1^2 cups cottage 
cheese, pinch of salt, 2 tablespoons cream, 1 heaping tablespoon 
flour. Lastly add the beaten whites. Line pie plate (with re- 
movable bottom) with either pie crust or cookie dough, letting 
dough come well up on the sides. Sprinkle the top lightly with 
powdered cinnamon before baking. Slow oven. 


Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

6 apples. 1 cup sugar. 

y 2 cup butter. Yolks of 4 eggs. 

3 small California lemons. 

Stew apples to a pulp; put in butter and juice of lemons, 
with grated peel of two; add sugar and eggs; put in raw crust 
and bake. Add whites of eggs with little sugar. Place in oven 
to brown. 

148 Pies. 

Y. W. C. A. 

1 pint water. 1 grated lemon and rind of 

1 cup sugar. 2 lemons. 

Yolks of 3 eggs. lYz tablespoons cornstarch. 

Mix well and let come to a boil. Bake short pie crust in 
gem pans, and fill with custard. Spread with stiff whites of 
eggs with 2 tablespoons of sugar; place in oven to brown. 


Mrs. J. C. Hooven. 

6 eggs. 1 cup sweet milk. 

2.y 2 cups white sugar. Grated rind and juice of 

y 2 cup butter. 3 lemons. 

Beat the yolks and whites of the eggs separately. Beat to 
a cream the butter, sugar, lemon rind, and yolks of eggs. Add 
milk and lemon juice; put white of eggs in last. Bake in raw 
crust. This will make three pies. "The kind mother used to 

Mrs. James Fitton. 

2 lemons. Butter size of small mar- 
1 cup sugar. ble. 

3 eggs- 
Place the sugar, juice of lemons, yolks of eggs, and butter 

in kettle and stir until it boils. up thick; put in pastry shell that 
has been baked; then make a meringue of the whites of eggs 
and a little sugar; spread on top of pie and brown. 


Clara Spellman and Mrs. Henry Gray. 

1 */2 cups sugar. 5 tablespoons water. 

1 tablespoon of flour. 3 tgg yolks. 

3 tablespoons melted but- 1 lemon, grated rind and 

ter. juice. 

Bake in lower crust. Beat the whites of the eggs; add 1 
teaspoon sugar for each white spread on top of pie; return to 
oven and brown slightly. 

Pies. 149 


Mrs. James Blair. Mrs. Perrine Spellman. 

Mrs. T. D. Cochran, Germantown, Pa. 

1 lemon. 1 pint hot water. 

1 cup sugar. 3 eggs. 

2 rounding tablespoons (1 teaspoon butter may be 

cornstarch (or 3 table- added.) 

spoons flour). 

Mix thoroughly the juice and grated rind of the lemon, 
sugar, cornstarch, and yolks of eggs ; pour over them the boiling 
water, and cook until it thickens. 

Have crust baked, and fill with mixture ; then put the whites, 
well beaten with 1 teaspoon sugar, on top of pie. Put in oven 
and brown. 


Mrs. Lurten Fahrney. 

J eggs. Small lump of butter. 

1 cup sugar. Juice and rind of 1 lemon. 

Cream butter and sugar, add lemon juice and rind, then 
yolks, then beaten whites of eggs. Bake in two crusts. 


Mrs. Nelson H. Trimble, Mt. Sterling, Ky. 

2 cups boiled mashed pota- 1 cup sugar. 

toes. Yolks of 3 eggs. 

1 cup cream. A little nutmeg. 

Mix all together well; fold in the well-beaten whites; bake 
in raw crust. 


Mrs. Bruce Trimble, Mt. Sterling, Ky. 

1 cup jam. 5 eggs. 

1 scant cup sugar. 1 cup of cream or rich milk. 

24 cup of butter. 1 tablespoon vanilla. 

Cream butter and sugar; add eggs, jam, vanilla, and cream; 
bake in a raw lower crust. 

This is enough for two pies. 




Lulu S. Kimbrough. 

1 egg. Pinch of salt, 
i cup brown sugar. Chopped nuts. 

y 2 teaspoon vanilla. 

Beat egg and sugar well together; add flavoring and nuts. 
Line gem pans with short pie crust; put I teaspoon of the filling 
in each crust. Bake in quick oven. The filling will puff up 
and then settle, spreading over the tart. This will make iy 2 
dozen tarts. 


Mary P. Moffett, Sharpsburg, Ky. 

iy 2 pints milk. I io-cent can shredded 

2 tablespoons cornstarch or pineapple. 

flour. 4 eggs. 

1 pint sugar. 

Beat all well together and bake in raw crust till firm. • 


Mrs. Perrine Spellman. 

2 eggs. i teaspoon vanilla. 
I cup sugar. Pinch of salt. 

I small cup pumpkin. I tablespoon flour. 

i teaspoon cinnamon, I pint of milk. 

y 2 teaspoon nutmeg. 

Mix well together, put in open crust, and bake. 


Mrs. Fannie Smith Tobey. 

i cup stewed pumpkin, I heaping tablespoon bread 

strained. crumbs. 

1 1/2 cups sweet milk. 34 teaspoon cinnamon. 

y 2 cup sugar. l /± teaspoon ginger. 

Well-dried bread is prepared by grinding and sifting. Line 
pie pan with pastry and fill with mixture. Then add 2 table- 
spoons of cream. Do not stir cream in, but spread over top. 
Add generous sprinkle of nutmeg. Bake 30 minutes in hot oven. 

Pies. 1 5 1 


Mrs. Elmer R. Shipley. 

I cup raisins. Yolks of 2 eggs. 

1 cup bread crumbs. Juice of 1 lemon. 

Stew raisins 10 minutes. Add bread crumbs, juice of lemon, 
and cook until thick. When cool, put into baked crust, put 
whites of eggs beaten stiff over top, and brown in oven. 


Mrs. Homer Gard. 

1 egg. 1 tablespoon of flour. 

1 lemon. 1 teaspoon cornstarch. 

1 cup sugar. 1 cup raisins. 

Cover the raisins with water and let soak for 2 hours. Beat 
the egg and sugar together until very light ; add the grated rind 
and juice of lemon, the flour, and cornstarch. Then add the 
raisins and water in which they have been soaked; cook until 
thick. Cool and bake in two crusts. 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

1 heaping cup sugar. y 2 teaspoon cornstarch in a 

1 scant cup butter. few drops of water. 

3 eggs. Vanilla. 

Cream all together. Put a thin layer of good jelly in pie 
pan lined with pie dough; then fill with the transparent filling; 
then add another thin layer of jelly on top of whole mixture, 
and bake in moderate oven. 


Mrs. Mary P. Moffett, Sharpsburg, Ky. 

4 e gg" s (yolks). J / 2 cup rich cream. 

2 tablespoons flour. y 2 cup butter. 
1 pint sugar. 

To the yolks of 4 eggs, well beaten, add flour and sugar, 
and beat well; add cream and butter; lastly the whites of eggs 
well beaten. Beat all together. 

This will make two large or twelve small pies. 

1 5 2 Pies. 


Mrs. Wm. H. Allen. 

1/3 cup strong vinegar. 3 tablespoons melted but- 
1 cup boiling water. ter. 

1 cup sugar. 2 tablespoons flour. 

2 eggs. 1 tablespoon lemon extract. 

Place water, butter, sugar, and vinegar in pan and let come 
to boiling point; stir in flour (first mixed with a little water); 
let cook until thick; let this cool, and stir in the beaten yolks 
of eggs and flavoring ; pour mixture into an open crust and bake ; 
when done, spread the stiffly beaten whites of the eggs over the 
top ; return to oven and brown. This mixture, spiced and baked 
with two crusts, makes an excellent pie. 


Mrs. James Fitton. 

3 tablespoons sugar. 2 rounding teaspoons bak- 
1 tablespoon lard or butter. ing powder. 

1 Qgg. 1 pint flour. 

1 cup milk. Yi tablespoon salt. 

Mix all the ingredients together until smooth. When dough 
is stiff enough to handle, roll out about >4 inch thick, cut into 
rounds like biscuits, spread with softened butter, put the two 
buttered sides together, and bake 15 minutes. Then put sweet- 
ened strawberries between the layers and on top, using whipped 
cream if desired. 


Mrs. John Shafer. 

1 pint flour. Milk to make soft dough. 

1 tablespoon baking pow- Pinch of salt, 


Mix well together; roll out to thickness desired; bake in 
layers on pie plates. When done, add any fruit, which has been 
crushed and sweetened to taste. 


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YOU | 

some day expect to own a home of your own. 

start | 

a savings account now. 

We will loan you two-thirds of the cost of the | 

House and Lot. | 

The Home Loan and Building Association | 

JOHN FISCHER, President C. J. PARRISH, Secretary | 

O. V. PARRISH, Vice-President F. P. RICHTER, Attorney | 

C. E. HEISER, Treasurer j 


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Mrs. Daniel Evans, Boston, Mass. 

Boil I cup sugar, y 2 cup water, a few grains cream of tartar 
to the consistency of a thin syrup. Melt Ij4 squares Baker's 
chocolate in a saucepan placed over hot water, and pour on grad- 
ually, while stirring constantly the hot syrup. Flavor with y 2 
teaspoon vanilla. 


Mrs. Elmore Frechtling. 

1 cup milk, scalded. Yolks of 2 eggs. 

1 tablespoon sugar. 34 teaspoon vanilla. 

Beat yolks slightly; add sugar, then the hot milk slowly. 
Cook in double boiler until it coats the spoon. When cool, add 


Mrs. James H. Roll. 

1 cup sugar. 1/3 cup water. 

4 tablespoons currant jelly. Juice of 1 lemon. 

Boil sugar and water 4 or 5 minutes. Add jelly as soon as it 
boils. Add lemon juice; then boil again. Strain through a fine 

SAUCE. No. 4. 

Mrs. J. P. Davis. 

1 cup hot water. 1 teaspoon cornstarch 

i/2 cup sugar. thinned with cold water. 

1 large tablespoon butter. 

Boil all together; flavor with raspberry vinegar, or any 
flavoring you wish. 


156 Desserts. 

SAUCE. No. 5. 

Mrs. C. I. Keeley. 

y 2 pint milk. 2 yolks of eggs. 

2 tablespoons sugar. l / 2 teaspoon vanilla. 

Cook in double boiler. 

SAUCE. No. 6. 

Miss Martha Molyneaux, Oxford, Ohio. 

1^2 cups brown sugar. 1 tgg. 

^2 cup butter. y 2 cup water. 

Mix all and put in pan of boiling water to dissolve. 

SAUCE. No. 7. 

Mrs. L. E. Harrison, Greenville, Ohio. 

Rub together until smooth : 

1 scant cup granulated 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

sugar. 1 tablespoon melted butter. 

1 scant cup boiling water. 1 tablespoon flour. 

Boil 5 minutes. 


Mrs. R. S. RadclifTe. 

1 cup sugar. 2 eggs. 

1 cup butter. 

Beat to a cream and cook in double boiler until thick. 
Flavor to taste. 

SAUCE. No. 9. 

Mrs. M. Smedley. 

1 cup sugar. 1 heaping tablespoon but- 

1 heaping tablespoon flour. ter. 

Rub all together, put into a pint of boiling water, and cook 
2 or 3 minutes. Nutmeg or wine to taste. 

Desserts. 157 

SAUCE. No. 10. 
Miss Clara Spellman. 

Mix 2 teaspoons cornstarch and J^ cup sugar. Add 1 cup 
boiling water. Cook 5 minutes. When ready to serve, add 
grated rind and juice of 1 orange and 1 teaspoon butter. 

SAUCE. No. 11. 

Mrs. Echard Allen. 

Cream together a teacup of sugar and 1 tablespoon butter ; 
add 1 pint of boiling water and 1 tablespoonful of cornstarch 
dissolved in cold water. Boil thoroughly and season with nut- 

SAUCE. No. 12. 
The Happen Inn. 

Bring to boiling point 1 pint of milk; add 3 tablespoons 
sugar, then beaten yolks thinned by adding a tablespoon of milk. 
Stir constantly until it thickens. Flavor with 2 teaspoons lemon 
or vanilla, and let cool. Serve one mold to each person, with 
sauce poured over. 


Mrs. Elizabeth DeHaven. 

Beat y 2 cup butter to a light cream; add 1 cup granulated 
sugar, and stir until it is very white. Just before serving mix 
with whites of 3 eggs beaten stiff and 1 teaspoon of vanilla. 

SAUCE. No. 14. 

Mrs. C. L. Gebhart. 

Cook together 1 cup of sugar, a heaping tablespoon of flour, 
1 cup of boiling water, y 2 lemon (sliced), and a tablespoon of 
butter. Add the latter as you take the sauce from fire, when 

SAUCE. No. 15. 
Mrs. Henry Sohn. 

Stir a heaping tablespoon of flour, 1 cup of water, 1 cup of 
sugar. Boil all together about 10 minutes. Remove from fire, 
and when cool add flavoring to taste. 

158 Desserts. 

SAUCE. No. 16. 

Mrs. L. K. Schweeling, Oxford, Ohio. 

1 pint milk (flavor with y 2 cup sugar. 

lemon). Butter size of walnut. 

2 eggs. Flavor with vanilla. 


Miss Batcheler, Indianapolis, Ind. 

1 cup sugar. 3 tablespoons flour. 

1 tablespoon butter. 2 cups boiling water. 

Yz teaspoon vanilla. 


Mrs. Mark Millikin. 
1 cup butter. 2 cups granulated sugar. 

Mix together and add 2 well-beaten eggs. Cook in double 
boiler and stir constantly. Just before removing from fire add 
a tablespoon of flavoring. 


Mrs. J. C. Hooven. 

}i cup butter. y 2 cup sugar. 

1 teaspoon vanilla. 1 cup cream. 

Cream the butter; add the sugar slowly, then the cream and 
vanilla. Beat well, and just before serving place the bowl over 
hot water. Stir until smooth and creamy, but not enough to 
melt butter. When the cream and vanilla are added the sauce 
has a curdled appearance. This is removed by thorough beating. 
Serve on any hot pudding. 

HARD SAUCE. No. 20. 

Mrs. P. M. Hooven. 

Cream together y 2 cup butter, 1 cup powdered sugar, 1 well- 
beaten white of egg, 1 tablespoon vanilla. When well creamed 
together put into serving dish and grate nutmeg over the top. 

Desserts. 159 


Mrs. Carl E. Henning. 

y 2 cup boiling water. 1 tablespoon cornstarch. 

2 tablespoons vinegar. 1 tablespoon butter. 

1 cup sugar. ^2 nutmeg. 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

Cream 2 tablespoons butter; add gradually powdered sugar 
until it becomes hard and stiff. Add 1 teaspoon vanilla and a 
few grates of nutmeg. 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

Mix 2 tablespoons cornstarch and ^ cup sugar. Add 1 cup 
boiling water and cook 5 minutes. When ready to serve add 
grated rind and juice of 1 lemon and 1 teaspoon butter. Vanilla 
or juice and pulp of orange may be substituted for the lemon. 


Mrs. Carl Henning. 

1 cup sugar. y 2 cup butter. 

2 tablespoons flour, wet 1 egg. 

with cold water. 

Stir well; then add boiling water; boiling all 5 minutes. 
Flavor with lemon. 



Miss Sadie Belle Seward. 

Peel apples; take out core, leaving apples whole; place in 
baking pan and fill cavities with sugar and flour mixed. Fill 
pan almost half full of boiling water and bake until tender. Just 
before taking from stove place marshmallow in cavity of each 
apple and leave in oven long enough to brown slightly. The 
marshmallows give the apples a delicious flavor, 

1 60 Desserts. 


Mrs. A. M. Brate. 

Peel apples, taking out core as far as possible; fill center 
with butter, sugar, and cinnamon. Bake in covered dish without 
water. Serve with English walnuts in hole in center, and 
whipped cream on top. Adding 1 red cinnamon drop to each 
apple before baking adds much to both beauty and flavor of 

Mrs. C. L. Gebhart. 

2 tablespoons shortening. 1 teaspoon baking powder. 

1 cup sweet milk. Flour to make soft dough 

1 pinch salt. to roll. 
1 tablespoon sugar. 

Pare and core 8 tart apples ; chop them ; roll the dough to 
about y 2 inch thick ; spread with apples ; sprinkle with 1 cup of 
sugar and 2 teaspoons cinnamon; roll as you would jelly roll; 
cut in slices about 1 inch thick, and bake at once. 

See Sauce No. 14. 


Mrs. Alice B. Driver. 

1 cup flour. y 2 cup sweet milk. 

1 teaspoon baking powder. y 2 teaspoon cinnamon.i 
y 2 teaspoon salt. 1 tablespoon brown sugar. 

1 tablespoon half lard, half 2 tart apples, chopped, 

Sift flour, baking powder and salt; work into these the but- 
ter and lard ; then make a dough, using the milk. Roll out into 
a sheet y 2 inch thick. Brush with melted butter and sprinkle 
with brown sugar and cinnamon. Then cover with chopped 
apples. Roll it up as you would a jelly roll and cut into six 
equal slices. Place the slices on end in a buttered pan. Pour 
over them the sauce and bake in a brisk oven for 20 minutes. 

Desserts. 1 6 1 

Dumpling Sauce. 

i cup brown sugar. y 2 teaspoon salt, 

i tablespoon flour. i cup hot' water, 

i tablespoon butter. y 2 lemon, sliced. 

Mix the sugar, flour, and salt. Add butter, sliced lemon, 
and hot water. Stir until well mixed. Cook 3 minutes, and 
then pour it over the raw dumplings. This will serve six people. 


Mrs. George Gates, Anderson, Ind. 

1 pint cherries. 1 pinch salt. 

1 cup flour. Milk. 

2 teaspoons baking pow- Sugar. 


To 1 pint of cherries add enough water to make plenty of 
juice, and sweeten to taste. 

To 1 pint of flour add pinch of salt and 2 teaspoons of baking 
powder. Add milk enough to make batter so as to stir with a 
fork; then drop from a spoon into boiling cherries. Cover and 
steam about 10 minutes. 


Mrs. Abe Ballinger. 

Line a spring form with rich puff paste, fork the dough, 
and parbake. Flake ^ cup bread crumbs in bottom ; drain the 
juice off a can of cherries; beat the yolks of 6 eggs with 1 cup 
sugar. Add % pound of chopped almonds, mixed with cherries. 
Bake. Then add beaten whites of 6 .eggs. Sprinkle almonds on 
top, and bake a light brown. 


Miss Clara Spellman. 

Slice 3 oranges; sweeten with 3 tablespoons sugar; place 
in bottom of well-buttered pudding dish. Mix 1 cup sugar, 1 
cup milk, 2 tablespoons butter, yolks of 3 eggs, 2^ cups flour, 
2 teaspoons baking powder. Pour over the oranges and put into 
the oven to bake. When done, invert into another dish. Cover 

1 62 Desserts. 

with meringue made of whites of 3 eggs and 3 tablespoons sugar. 
Brown in oven. Serve with cooked sauce, flavored with juice 
of 1 orange. 

See Sauce No. 10. 


Mrs. M. Smedley. 

2 c u p s grated bread y> cup molasses. 

crumbs. 1 egg. 
y 2 cup suet, chopped fine. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

1 teaspoon salt. y 2 teaspoon soda, dissolved 
y 2 teaspoon cloves. in 1 cup sweet milk. 

Add raisins and fruit if you wish. Steam 2 hours, and serve 
with sauce. 

See Sauce No. 9. 


Mrs. R. S. Radcliffe. 

1 pound of figs, cut fine. y 2 lb. suet, chopped fine. 

1 pint of bread crumbs. y 2 lb. sugar. 

2 eggs. 1 teaspoon salt. 

y 2 cup sifted flour. Wineglass of milk. 

y 2 cup molasses. 1 teaspoon baking powder. 

Steam 3 hours. Serve with taffy sauce. 
See Sauce No. 8. 


Mrs. Herman Kutter. 

2 eggs. 2 tablespoons sugar. 

1 tablespoon butter. 1 tablespoon jam (any 

1 teaspoon soda. kind). 

Cream butter and sugar; beat eggs, and add. Then put in 
jam. Add flour to make a stiff batter. Add soda last. Steam in 
individual molds 2 hours. Serve with whipped cream or any 
pudding sauce. 

Desserts. 163 


Miss Batcheler, Indianapolis, Ind. 

y 2 cup sugar. For Top: 

1 egg. 3 y° lks of e §"§" s - 

2 teaspoons baking powder. J^ cup water. 

1 cup flour, or more if nee- Juice of 1 lemon. 

essary. */> cup sugar. 

y 2 cup jam. 2 tablespoons flour (level). 

2 tablespoons butter. 1 tablespoon butter. 

3 tablespoons milk, sweet. 
Spice to taste. 

Boil until thick, and spread on top of pudding when done. 
Use whites of eggs for frosting; spread over all, and brown. 
Serve with white sauce. 

See Sauce No. 17. 


Mrs. Mark Millikin. 

2 eggs. Flour enough to make a 

1 tablespoon butter. batter. 

2 tablespoons sugar. 1 teaspoon of soda dis- 
1 jellyglass of red rasp- solved in a little hot wa- 

berry jam. ter. 

Fill timbale molds two-thirds full, and steam 1 hour. 
Serve hot with Taffy Sauce, No. 18. 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

y 2 lb. pecans. J / 2 lb. dates. 

1 cup bread crumbs. y> cup powdered sugar. 

3 eggs- 
Directions: Cut the pecans and dates into small pieces and 

mix with 1 cup of bread crumbs and y 2 cup powdered sugar. 
To this add yolks of 3 eggs and beat until light. Then fold in 
beaten whites of eggs. Pour mixture into buttered pudding 
dish and bake in a moderate oven for 15 minutes. Serve with 
whipped cream. 

1 64 Desserts. 


Mrs. Chas. H. Bonney, Boston, Mass. 

1 cup dates. 1 cup chopped nuts. 

1 tablespoon flour. 2 tablespoons baking pow- 

1 pinch of salt. der. 

2 eggs, beaten separately. Scant 2/3 cup sugar. 

Bake slowly and serve with whipped cream. 


Miss Edith Massee. 

3 e gg s separated. 1 cup sugar. 

3/4 cup flour. y 2 teaspoon baking powder. 

1 cup dates, cut up. 1 cup walnuts, cut up. 

Beat yolks until light lemon color. Add the sugar gradually. 
Mix and sift flour and baking powder. Add slowly to first mix- 
ture. Add dates and nuts. Cut and fold in the stiff whites. 
Spread in a pan about Yi inch thick. Bake in a moderate oven 
until firm when touched with the finger. Usually takes about 30 
minutes. Pour over a cup of hot milk when taken from the oven. 
Serve with whipped cream. 


Mary Louise Ovenshine. 

2 eggs, well beaten. y 2 cup butter. 

2 tablespoons sugar. 1 cup milk. 

1 cup raisins, chopped fine. 2 cups flour. 

3 teaspoons baking powder. 

Drop butter into cups or timbale molds, 2/3 full, and steam 
Yi hour. Serve with foamy sauce. 


Mrs. C. Earle Hooven. 

1 pound prunes. 2 tablespoons granulated 

Whites of 4 eggs. sugar. 

Cook prunes with sugar until tender. When cold, remove 
the stones. Chop fine and stir in well-beaten whites of eggs. 
Bake in slow oven y 2 hour. Serve with whipped cream. 

Desserts. 165 


Mrs. Sloane Gordon. 

y 2 cup butter. 3 tablespoons black rasp- 
2 eggs. berry jam. 

3/4 cups flour. 1 teaspoon soda dissolved 
1 cup sugar. in a very little water. 

Steam 1^2 hours moderately. Serve with whipped cream. 


Mrs. W. B. Shuler. 

6 eggs. • 1 cup dates. 

1 cup pecans. 1 cup sugar. 

1 cup bread crumbs. 

Cream yolks and sugar. Mix dates and bread crumbs. Add 
yolks and whites, which have been beaten separately. Bake 
Yz hour. When cold, pull apart with fork; add a little whipped 
cream, enough so that crumble is not dry. Serve with whipped 


Mrs. L. E. Harrison, Greenville, Ohio. 

}/ 2 cup granulated sugar. 1 egg. 

1 tablespoon melted butter. 1 pinch salt. 

y 2 cup sweet milk. 2 cups flour. 

1 teaspoon baking powder. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 
% cup cocoa. 

Steam 1 hour. See Sauce No. 7. 


Mrs. Daniel Evans, Boston, Mass. 

One cup boiling water, J / 2 cup butter ; let come to a boil, 
then add cup flour, all at once, and stir vigorously. Remove 
from stove and add four unbeaten eggs, one at a time, beating 
thoroughly between the additions. Drop by spoonfuls on a but- 
tered pan; then shape in form of eclairs. Bake in a moderate 
oven 20 or 30 minutes. Cool, split, and fill with whipped cream, 
sweetened and flavored with vanilla. 

Serve with Sauce No. 1. 

1 66 Desserts. 


Mrs. Frank Trowbridge. 

i cup ^soft stale bread 1^2 squares unsweetened 

crumbs. chocolate. 

1 cup sugar. 2 cups milk. 

3 eggs. 2 tablespoons butter. 

% teaspoon salt. J^ teaspoon vanilla. 

Add bread, chocolate, and sugar to cold milk, reserving y 2 
cup. Cook in double boiler until a smooth paste is formed. Beat 
yolks of eggs until light. Add reserved milk, salt, and butter, 
and stir into the hot mixture. Cook until it thickens, then add 
vanilla. Turn into a buttered dish and bake 20 minutes in a 
moderate oven. Cool slightly, cover with meringue, and bake 
8 minutes. Serve very cold, with cream. 


Beat whites of eggs until stiff, and add gradually % cup 
powdered sugar. Continue beating, and cut and fold in % cup 
powdered sug'ar and add y 2 teaspoon vanilla. 


Mrs. G. A. Rentschler. # 

1 cup powdered sugar. 1 cup flour. 

5 eggs; beat whites sepa- Little over y 2 teaspoon 

rately. Royal baking powder, 

2 good tablespoons grated mixed in flour. 

bitter chocolate. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

1 teaspoon cloves. 1 teaspoon allspice. 

Bake in 2 jelly tins. Take a pint or more of good, thick, 
sweet cream ; whip and sweeten, and flavor with vanilla to suit 
taste. Spread between, on top, and sides. When serving, put 
a generous spoonful of the whipped cream on each plate. 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

One cup grated chocolate in 1 quart new milk. Set on back 
of stove and let chocolate dissolve. Let come to a boil and stir 
in beaten yolks of 4 eggs, 1 cup sugar, 1 tablespoon butter, 3 

Desserts. 167 

tablespoons cornstarch, 1 tablespoon vanilla, which has been 
dissolved in a little cold milk; cook for a few minutes more, then 
put into a pudding dish, and when cool enough put a meringue 
on top, made of the stiffly beaten whites of 4 eggs and Yi cup 
powdered sugar. Place in oven and brown. Serve cool with 


1 Mrs. J. P. Davis. 

1 cup raisins, seedless. 3 or 4 fresh apples, quar- 

1 cup flour. tered. 

2 eggs, beaten separately. 1 cup sugar. 
2 teaspoons cream of tartar 1 cup butter. 

in flour. 1 teaspoon soda. 

Put apples in a buttered pudding dish and pour mixture 
over them, and bake. Serve with sauce. 
See Sauce No. 4. 


Miss Martha Molyneaux, Oxford, Ohio. 

1 pint sweet milk. y 2 cup butter. 

J / 2 cup sugar. 5 eggs. 

Y cup flour. 

Cook flour and milk together, and while hot add butter and 
sugar. After it cools, add beaten yolks, and last of all the beaten 
whites. Bake Y hour in pudding dish ; set in pan of water. 
Serve with either hard or foaming sauce. 

See Sauce No. 6. 


Miss Louise Dingfelder. 

1 cup sour milk. 2 cups bread crumbs. 

1 cup flour. Yz cup butter. 

1 cup chopped raisins. 1 cup sugar. # 

2 eggs. 1 teaspoon soda. 
1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

Steam 2 hours. 

1 68 Desserts. 


Mrs. Philebaum. 

i cup dates. I cup bread crumbs. 

i cup nuts. i cup sugar. 

i cup milk. Small lump butter. 

Take dates, crumbs, and nuts through a grinder; mix with 
the other ingredients. Put in greased pan and bake until brown. 
This is delicious served with cream or whipped cream. 


Mrs. Carl Henning. 

i cup sugar. 2 teaspoons baking powder, 

34 cup butter. well sifted in 2 cups 

i tgg, well beaten together. flour. 

i cup milk. 

Bake in shallow pan 20 minutes. Serve with Sauce No. 24. 


Mrs. James H. Roll. 

2 tablespoons rice. l / 2 cup sugar. 

y 2 teaspoon salt. 2 quarts milk. 

Mix all together; pour into a buttered baking pan. Bake 
slowly for 4 hours, occasionally stirring in the crust as it be- 
comes brown. 


Mrs. C. F. Cousins. 

1 cup raisins. 1 cup currants. 

1 cup grated potatoes. 1 cup red carrots, grated 

1 cup suet, chopped fine. (scant cup). 

i/<2 cups flour. 1 cup brown sugar. 

1 teaspoon of soda, wet 1 pinch of salt, 
with hot water. 

Put in a pan or pudding mold with a tight-fitting lid, and 
steam or boil 3 hours. Serve with any kind of sauce for plum 




Mrs. Echard Allen. 

1 cup dried bread crumbs. 

1 cup brown sugar. 

1 cup milk. 

y 2 cup chopped currants. 

1 teaspoon soda, dissolved 

in a little hot water. 

1 scant teaspoon cinnamon. 

1 scant teaspoon cloves. 
1 scant teaspoon nutmeg. 
1 cup chopped suet. 
1 cup flour. 

^ cup chopped raisins. 
1 teaspoon salt. 

Steam 3 or 4 hours. See Sauce No. 11. 

1 cup molasses. 

1 cup suet, chopped fine. 

2 cups flour, or enough to 

make batter as stiff as 

1 cup currants. 
1 tablespoon candied orange 



Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

y 2 teaspoon cloves. 
Y^ teaspoon soda. 

1 cup milk. 

2 eggs. 
1 cup raisins. 

y 2 cup citron, sliced. 
1 tablespoon cinnamon. 

teaspoon nutmeg. 

Before starting to mix this it is well to have the fruits pre- 
pared and floured ready to mix in. 

When making, follow the rotation of the ingredients given. 
Save a little of the milk to mix with the soda, which is added 
last. Steam 3 hours in an old-fashioned pudding mold with hole 
in the center. 


Mrs. Margaret Dyer. 

1 loaf bread, soaked in 3 
cups milk and rubbed 
through colander. 
3 eggs. 

1 teaspoon cinnamon. 
1 teacup light-brown sugar, 
or white, if desired. 
Mix well and add 1 level teaspoon soda dissolved in water. 
Steam in baking powder cans for 3 hours. 

1 teaspoon nutmeg. 
1 piece butter, size of egg. 
1 scant teaspoon cloves. 
1 scant teaspoon allspice. 
1 teacup currants and rais- 
ins mixed. 

1 70 Desserts. 


Mrs, L. K. Schweeting, Oxford, Ohio. 

Soak 1 pound prunes ; stew until tender, remove pits, and 
chop fine. Stew 1 cup raisins and 1 cup currants, and chop 
fine. Chop 1 cup English walnuts or almonds. 1 cup sugar, 
1 cup citron (cut fine), 1 teaspoon cinnamon, 2.y 2 teaspoons salt, 
4 cups bread crumbs, y 2 cup butter, 1 teaspoon cloves, l / 2 grated 
nutmeg, 2 eggs, well beaten. Mix together well in bowl with 
bread ; then turn in eggs and milk last. Use enough milk to 
make all hold together. Can be steamed or baked. 

See Sauce No. 16. 


Mrs. J. A. Dale. 

y 2 loaf bread. 1 cup citron. 

Cover with milk or make 2 /z cup suet, 

wet. ]/ 2 cup fruit juice or cider. 

Cream 1 egg with 1 cup 1 cup figs, 

of sugar. 1 cup whole almonds or 
2 teaspoons cinnamon and nuts. 

mace. J / 2 teaspoon baking powder. 
1 cup raisins. 

When ready to serve, boil in can 1 hour. Serve with hard 
sauce made of butter, powdered sugar, nutmeg, and cream. Fla- 
vor to suit taste. 


Mrs. Mark Benninghofen. 

Two cups stale cake crumbs softened in y CU P hot milk. 
Add to softened crumbs : 

1 well-beaten egg. % cup sugar. 

34 cup molasses. 34 cup stewed prunes. 

24 cup chopped raisins. 2 teaspoons mixed spices, 

34 teaspoon soda. ]/ 2 teaspoon salt. 

2 teaspoons lemon juice. ]/\ cup flour. 

Bake in a moderate oven 45 minutes. 





Mrs. Jos. Kimt 

No. 1. 



cup buttermilk. 

cup raisins. 

cup fruit. 

heaping teaspoons baking 

pinch salt. 

i l /2 cups sugar. 
1 cup suet. 
l / 2 teaspoon soda. 
Spice to taste. 
Flour to make stiff. 

Steam 2 hours. 


Mrs. Elizabeth DeHaven. 

1 cup suet. 

1 cup sour milk. 

3 cups flour. 

1 teaspoon soda. 

1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

Steam 3 hours. See Sauce No. 

1 teaspoon nutmeg. 
1 cup molasses. 
1 cup raisins, 
4 cup sugar. 
1 pinch salt. 

1 3- 


1 cup of suet. 
1 cup of milk. 
1 cup of sugar. 
1 cup of raisins. 
y 2 teaspoon of salt. 
3 eggs. 

Mrs. Henry Sohn. 

1 teaspoon of cinnamon. 

1 teaspoon of nutmeg. 

2 teaspoons of baking pow 

3/4 cups of flour. 

Boil for 3 hours. Serve with Sauce No. 15. 


Mrs. C. I. Keeley. 

To the well-beaten whites of 4 eggs add y 2 cup powdered 
sugar folded in y 2 cup strawberry preserve (without juice). 
Bake in ungreased pan ; line a larger pan with paper ; pour boil- 
ing water in it, and set the pan with the meringue in it. Bake 
40 minutes. When cool, serve with vanilla sauce. 

See Sauce No. 5. 

172 Desserts. 


Mrs. James H. Roll. 

y 2 cup butter. 1 cup sugar. 

y 2 cup milk. 2y 2 cups flour. 

3^ teaspoons baking powder. Whites of 4 eggs. 

Cream the butter; add sugar gradually, milk, flour mixed 
and sifted with baking powder. Then add whites of eggs beaten 
stiff. Steam y 2 hour in buttered cups. Serve with currant jelly 

See Sauce No. 3. 


Miss Irene Hanley. 

One-half box gelatine soaked in y 2 cup water; 1 pint cream, 
whipped; 2 tablespoons boiled rice; 1 pint chopped figs and dates 
together. Place them in whipped cream and stand in ice-water. 
34 cup powdered sugar. Flavor with lemon or vanilla. 


Mrs. S. Belle Crawford, New York City. 

Dissolve 1 tablespoon of gelatine in enough cold water to 
cover. Make a custard of 1 pint of thin cream, 2 eggs, and 2 
tablespoons sugar. Stir in the dissolved gelatine. Let it cool, 
and when it begins to thicken stir into it 1 pint of whipped cream 
and a dozen rolled macaroons. Mold and serve with whipped 


Mrs. Joseph W. Doron. 

y 2 teaspoon granulated gela- 12 macaroons, dried, rolled, 
tine, dissolved in y cup and sifted, 

cold water. y> teaspoon vanilla. 

y 2 pint cream, whipped. 2 teaspoons sherry. 

%. cup powdered sugar. 

Put into molds and serve with cream. 

Desserts. 1 73 


Mrs. Elmore Frechtling. 

J4 box gelatine. J4 cup cold water, 

i cup boiling water. i cup sugar. 

x 4 cup lemon juice. Whites of 3 eggs. 

Soak gelatine in cold water for 10 minutes. Add boiling 
water, then sugar. When partially cool, add lemon juice and 
strain through cheesecloth. Before it is quite stiff, beat in the 
stiffly beaten whites of the eggs and place in mold. 

See Sauce No. 2. 

Mrs. A. L. Trine. 

14 box or 1 heaping table- 2 /z cup powdered macaroons. 

spoon Knox gelatine. 2 cups milk. 

% cup of cold water. 3 eggs. 

}i teaspoon salt. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

Yz cup sugar. 

Soak gelatine in cold water 5 minutes. Make custard of 
milk, yolks, sugar, and salt. Add gelatine to hot custard; set 
in cool place, and as it thickens add beaten whites, macaroons, 
and vanilla. Serve with whipped cream. 


Mrs. Warren Gard. 

Yolks of 4 eggs. 1 pint milk. 

l / 2 teacup sugar. 2 tablespoons Knox gela- 

2 teaspoons vanilla. tine. 

Dissolve the gelatine in a little cold water and cook with 
all the above ingredients in a double boiler until well curdled 
(about 20 minutes). Take from the fire and add the stiffly 
beaten whites of 4 eggs. Fill the mold with y 2 of the mixture, 
and then stick macaroons (about 1 dozen of them) in the top 
of the mixture and pour in the other half of the custard mixture 
and set away on ice to cool. Serve with whipped cream over all, 
with a few candied cherries for decoration. 

This is only enough for small family. 

1 74 Desserts. 


Mrs. J. H. Howe. 

6 macaroons. 2 eggs. 

1 pint milk. 3/3 cup sugar. 

2 tablespoons cornstarch or ]/i teaspoon vanilla. 


Bring milk to boiling point; add sugar. Wet cornstarch 
with a little cold milk and beat into it the yolks of eggs. Add 
to hot milk and let boil a few minutes. Beat whites of eggs 
very stiff and place in dish. Break over them the macaroons, 
and over these pour the hot custard, which will cook whites 
sufficiently by lifting or mixing a little with a fork. Serve very 
cold. Whipped cream and maraschino cherries may be added if 


Mrs. James W. See. 

Prepare gelatine after the directions found on your favorite 
kind. Fill individual rolls with alternate layers of pieces of* 
lady fingers and fruit, cut in slices. The fruit may be either 
fresh or canned ; canned peaches or apricots being especially 
nice. Pour over these the gelatine before it begins to set. Put 
in the ice-box. When ready to serve unmold and cover with a 
generous supply of sweetened whipped cream dotted with mara- 
schino cherries. 


Mrs. E. G. Ruder. 

One tablespoon granulated gelatine softened in ^4 cup cold 
water. Add to this j4 CU P hot milk, y 2 cup sugar. When sugar 
and gelatine are entirely dissolved, strain into dish and set in 
cold water. Beat as it begins to thicken, and when light fold in 
the stiffly whipped white of 1 egg, 1 tablespoon lemon juice, 
a little of grated lemon rind, l / 2 pint cream whipped solid. Serve 
in small glasses, chill, and sprinkle with chopped nuts. 

Desserts. 1 75 


Mrs. Frank Weaver. 

One-half box gelatine soaked in ^ CU P of cold water. When 
dissolved add ^4 cll P °f boiling water. Sweeten to taste. Add 
juice of 2 oranges, strained, and I cup of shredded pineapple. 
Let this cool, and when it begins to thicken (watch closely), add 
i pint of whipped cream. Beat all together and put into glasses 
to cool. May be served with whipped cream. This will serve 
12 persons. 


Miss Clara Spellman. 

One-half box gelatine put to soak in y 2 pint sweet milk in 
warm place; 4 eggs beaten separately; ^2 cup sugar, beaten in 
yolks. Pour over eggs and sugar 1 quart of boiling-hot milk. 
Return to stove and stir in gelatine, and boil 2 minutes. Re- 
move from stove and stir in beaten whites. Pour in mold and 
set on ice. Serve with sweet cream. 


Mrs. Clarence Murphy. 

To 1 quart of milk take 1 cup of sugar and the yolks of 4 
eggs. Burn ^ cup sugar until quite brown, then mix yolks of 
eggs with rest of sugar and milk, and pour over burned sugar. 
This will harden the sugar, but it will soon dissolve, and then 
add one tablespoon cornstarch dissolved in a little milk. Boil 
until thick. Serve with sugar kisses. 


Mrs. Clarence Murphy. 

One pint of granulated sugar ; whites of 4 eggs well beaten ; 
bake in gem pans in a slow oven. Serve with fresh or canned 
fruit and whipped cream. 


Miss Clara Spellman. 

One box gelatine soaked in 1 pint cold water until dissolved ; 
grate in 3 large lemons, rind and all. 3 cups clear, white sugar; 

1 76 Desserts. 

pour over it 3 pints of boiling water (or two quarts) ; strain. 
If not clear, strain the second time. Do not cook. (If oranges 
are used, add one lemon.) 

Y. W. C. A. 

4 eggs. ^ cup grape nuts. 

1 cup sugar. Yi teaspoon cornstarch. 

1 quart milk. Vanilla to taste. 

Beat the eggs, add each ingredient separately, and bake in 
custard cups. 


Mrs. S. D. Mayer. 

One-half cup granulated sugar added to well-beaten yolks of 
3 eggs. Then y 2 cup ground pecans, little vanilla, and then the 
stiffly beaten whites. Bake in greased pan Y% hour in slow oven. 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

Whites of 6 eggs beaten until quite dry. Fold in 1 pint of 
granulated sugar. Flavor with 1 tablespoon vanilla. 

Put ungreased manila paper on inverted pan, and drop the 
meringue, desired size, on paper and bake in a very slow oven. 

While warm, crush in bottoms. Serve filled with whipped 
cream, topped with a maraschino cherry. 


Mrs. T. L. Munns, Oxford, Ohio. 

y 2 package powdered gela- 4 tablespoons sugar, 

tine. 2 eggs, 

1 pint of milk. 

Dissolve gelatine in y^ cup milk. Heat milk in double 
boiler; add gelatine, dissolved, sugar and beaten egg yolks. Boil 
until it thickens. Add coloring and stiffly beaten whites of eggs. 
Whip 2 minutes, and pour into mold to cool. Serve with 
whipped cream. 

Desserts. 177 


Mrs. Hinckley Smith. 

Separate 4 eggs. Beat whites stiff and fold in 8 level tea- 
spoons powdered sugar. Beat yolks and grated yellow rind and 
juice of lemon and 2 teaspoons boiling water. Cook in double 
cooker till thick like cream, then fold in the whites. 


Mrs. J. C. Hooven. 

Rub 2 scant tablespoons butter to a cream; then 2 table- 
spoons flour, 1 cup hot milk. Pour gradually on flour. Cook 8 
minutes in double boiler, straining often. 4 eggs, beaten sepa- 
rately from yolks. Put whites away in ice chest. Beat yolky 
and add 2 tablespoons sugar, and add to the milk and set away 
to cool. One-half hour before serving beat whites stiff and cut 
them in lightly. Bake in buttered pudding dish in moderate oven 
30 minutes, and serve at once with cream sauce ; or this mixture 
may be put in buttered paper cases and baked 10 or 15 minutes. 

Serve with Sauce No. 19. 


Mrs. W. L. Tobey. 

To lemon recipe in package of Knox's gelatine add the fol- 
lowing: Cut 3 oranges into dice, removing the seed, and sugar 
them well ; 1 can pineapple cut into dice, and 3 sliced bananas. 
Sweeten all to taste. When gelatine is cool, pour the fruit into 
it (without the juice). Rinse mold with cold water before filling 
it with the mixture. Place in ice chest to jell. Turn out on 
serving platter and serve with meat. 


Mrs. Ella Falk. 

Add the whites of 3 eggs, well beaten, to 1 pint of boiling 
milk, dipping them into the milk in tablespoon as they rise; turn 
them, and when done put them into a pudding dish. Then put 
the beaten yolks, sweetened to taste, into the milk; stir until it 
thickens; remove from fire and flavor with lemon. Turn this 
custard into a dish and lay the whites on top. 

1 7 8 Desserts. 


Mrs. Sloane Gordon. 

Seven tablespoons granulated sugar; 2 tablespoons straw- 
berry jam. Beat the whites of 4 eggs very stiff. Add sugar and 
jam. Put in a baking dish in a pan of water in a moderate oven. 
Bake 45 minutes. Serve with whipped cream. 


Mrs. William C. Shafer. 

Yolks of 3 eggs; i l / 2 pints sweet milk; sugar to make sweet 
as desired. Cook together as for float, and let cool. J4 box gela- 
tine dissolved in J / 2 cup warm water. Beat the whites of 3 eggs 
to a stiff froth, and sweeten. Whip 1 pint of cream, sweeten 
and flavor. Stir beaten whites into the cooled, but not cold, 
custard ; then add J/£ of the whipped cream and the gelatine, and 
mix well together. Flavor with vanilla. Line mold with lady 
fingers ; pour in the mixture. Place the remainder of the whipped 
cream on top, and set on ice to harden. 

The whites of the eggs may be omitted by using more 
whipped cream. Half of this recipe, using 1 pint of cream and 
2 eggs, will make a large dish full. 


Mrs. J. C. Hooven. 

Beat the yolks of 7 eggs and stir them into 1 pint of scald- 
ing milk with a tablespoon sugar in a double boiler. Boil slowly 
and stir to keep from curdling until like custard. Set away to 
cool. Pour large cup warm water over half box Knox gelatine. 
Set on stove, but do not let it get hot. Beat white of eggs very 
light. Add enough powered sugar to make it stiff. Whip 1 
quart cream and stir into custard ; then the whites flavored with 
vanilla ; then the gelatine well dissolved. Mix thoroughly and 
set away to cool (about 2 hours). Stir occasionally. 

Line a dish with either sponge cake or lady fingers, and fill 
with the mixture. Let stand 6 hours or over night. This will 
serve twenty-four people. 

Desserts. 1 79 


Mrs. Geo. P. Sohngen. 

34 box gelatine. 34 CU P c °ld water, 

i pint cream. 1/3 cup sugar. 

1 teaspoon vanilla. 

Soak gelatine in cold water until soft. Chill and whip cream 
until thick. Boil a cup of milk with sugar and, when boiling, add 
the soaked gelatine until dissolved. Then strain in a pan and 
add flavoring and stir the whipped cream in lightly. When 
nearly stiff enough to drop pour into mold. 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

Three tablespoons minute tapioca soaked in enough cold 
water to cover it, 4 eggs, 3 tablespoons shredded cocoanut, 1 
teacup sugar, 1 quart new milk. Pour boiling milk over the 
tapioca. Add cocoanut and sugar. Beat yolks of eggs and 
add to it; flavor with vanilla. Put into double boiler and stir 
constantly until it begins to get thick. Place a meringue over 
the top. 


Whites of 4 eggs, beaten ; */£ cup powdered sugar. Sprinkle 
the top of the pudding generously with cocoanut, and brown 
in the oven. Serve cold with cream. 

Mrs. A. Letherby. 

1 box lemon jello. ^2 pint boiling water. 

3^ cup granulated sugar. y 2 pint grape juice. 

Stir sugar in jello powder. Dissolve in boiling water; add 
grape juice. Set aside to cool. When almost set, add y 2 cup of 
whipped cream, beating well with egg beater. Serve with 
whipped cream and candied violets. 

180 Desserts. 


Mrs. C. W. Simpson. 

Boil i cup sugar and J^ cup water until it hairs in water. 
Dissolve i tablespoon Plymouth Rock gelatine in a little cold 
water, and pour syrup over; then add i pint can shredded pine- 
apple. Stir well, and set to cool. When it begins to congeal, 
add I pint of whipped cream. Keep stirring while it cools. 

(Use Van Duzen measuring cup.) 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

i lb. marshmallows. i pint cream. 

J/2 lb. English walnuts. I small bottle red mara- 
i small bottle green mara- schino cherries, 

schino cherries. i teaspoon vanilla. 

1 tablespoon fruit juice or i pint whipped cream. 


Directions : Take the marshmallows and cover with pint of 
cream. Put into double boiler and let dissolve. Add Yi pound 
chopped English walnuts and a small bottle each of red and 
green maraschino cherries, chopped. Use no sugar; the marsh- 
mallows make it sweet enough. When cool, add I teaspoon 
vanilla, I tablespoon fruit juice or cider, and I pint of whipped 
cream. Set in a mold on ice. 


Mrs. Bruce Trimble, Mt. Sterling, Ky. 

i pint milk. Yolks of 2 eggs. 

2 tablespoons cornstarch. 3 oranges. 

1 cup sugar. Whites of 2 eggs. 

Make a custard of the milk, eggs, and cornstarch. Then set 
away to cool. Cut the oranges in pieces and cover with the 
sugar. Let stand until just before serving. Put oranges with 
custard, and put a meringue on top of all, made of the stiffly 
beaten whites of the eggs, mixed with 2 tablespoons sugar. 
Brown quickly in oven, so as not to heat the pudding. 

Desserts. 181 


The Happen Inn. 

i pint sweet milk. Whites of 3 eggs. 

2 tablespoons cornstarch. 3 tablespoons sugar. 

1 pinch salt. 

Put the milk in custard kettle, and when it reaches the boil- 
ing point add sugar, then cornstarch dissolved in a little cold 
milk, and lastly the whites of eggs beaten to a stiff froth. Beat 
and let cook a few minutes; then pour into cups, fill about half 
full, and set in a cool place. 

See Sauce No. 12. 


Mrs. Geo. P. Sohngen. 

Brown 2 tablespoons sugar over the fire, stirring all the 
time. Beat together the yolks of 6 eggs, a pint of milk, and a 
pinch of salt. Add 5 ounces of sugar. Pour all into brown sugar 
and heat over the fire until it almost comes to a boil. Take an 
ounce of gelatine, dissolve it in f/ 2 cup water, and strain it into 
a pint of cream. Beat it well for 5 minutes and pour it into the 
cooled mixture, stirring all the time. Have the mold ready, 
cover the bottom with a layer of lady fingers and macaroons, 
and pour on some of the mixture. Then again lady fingers and 
macaroons and some of the mixture. Repeat until all is used 
up. Do this quickly, as it sets quickly. 







The Flour that Does Justice 
to Your Skill and Effort. 

Manufactured by 



There is not a single recipe in this 
book that will not be improved by using 

Pretzel Meal 

For breading purposes it has no equal. 

Butler Butter Crackers and Hamilton 
Wafers will please you. 

Made in Hamilton and delivered fresh 
every day. 

The National Pretzel Company 

Established Over Fifty Years 


Back of the loaf is the snowy flour, 

And back of the flour, the mill; 
And back of the mill the wheat and the 

And the sun and the Father's will. 

Bread is often mixed the night before it is to be baked, and 
left to rise from eight to ten hours; but the whole process of 
bread-making, from the mixing to the serving, can be done in 
two and a half hours if sufficient yeast is used. In hot weather 
it is desirable to complete the work in a short time, in order to 
prevent fermentation or souring, which occurs if left too long 
a time. Four hours and a half is ample time for the whole 
process, using the ordinary amount of yeast ; two hours for the 
mixing and rising of the sponge or dough ; one-half hour for 
the kneading and molding; one hour for the loaves to rise in 
the pans, and one hour for the baking. 

A thin batter, called a sponge, may be made at night, and 
the rest of the flour added in the morning, or the dough may be 
mixed and kneaded at night, and only molded into loaves in the 
morning; but a better way, especially in summer, is to set the 
bread early in the morning, and have it baked by noon. It needs 
to rise twice : once either in the sponge or in the dough, and 
again after it is molded into loaves. If the dough gets very light 
before one is ready to work it, it should be cut away from the 
sides of the pan and pressed down in the center with a knife. 

This liberates some of the gas and retards the fermentation. 
This can be done several times. If it rises too light it will 
collapse, which means souring; but before that it loses its best 
flavor, and so should not be allowed to more than double its bulk. 


1 86 Bread. 


Miss Rike. 

i l / 2 cakes yeast foam. 2 quarts warm water (not 

3 potatoes. hot). 

]/ 2 cup sugar. 1 tablespoon salt. 

Soak the yeast in warm water; boil and mash the potatoes. 
Mix well together and let stand from one morning till the next. 
Take out one pint to start next time. Thicken the rest with 
flour the first thing in the morning. After breakfast it is light 
and ready to mix for bread. 

Next baking time put the pint saved out with potatoes, 
sugar, and salt. Prepare in the evening, and it will be ready 
to mix in the morning after taking out a pint for a start next 



Mrs. Julia Mitchell and Mrs. S. D. Fitton. 

1 cake Fleischmann's yeast. 2 cups flour. 

2 large potatoes. y 2 cup sugar. 

1 pint milk or water. J / 2 cup lukewarm water. 

Boil potatoes, mash fine, add flour, sugar and milk (or 
water), and mix well. When cool, add yeast, which has been 
dissolved in the lukewarm water, and let stand till morning. 

For White Bread. 

3 cups of above sponge. 1 tablespoon (large) of 
1 teaspoonful (heaped) of lard. 

salt. Flour to make stiff. 

Mix all together (after sponge has set till morning) and 
make stiff with the flour. Let rise till twice its size, knead, put 
in pans and let rise again, and bake in a slow oven for 1 hour. 

For Whole Wheat Bread. 

3 cups of above sponge. 1 cup light-brown sugar. 

t tablespoonful (large) of 1 teaspoon (heaped) salt, 

lard. 4 cups whole wheat flour. 

Mix, let rise, and knead as for white bread. 

Bread. 187 

For Raisin Bread. 

2 cups of above sponge. 1 teaspoon (heaped) salt. 

1 cup lard. 1 cup seeded raisins. 

1 cup light-brown sugar. 3 cups white flour. 

Mix and knead as for plain white bread. 


Mrs. J. H. Slade. 

3 medium-sized potatoes. 1 tablespoon lard. 

1 large spoonful flour. 1 level tablespoon salt. 

1 cake quick yeast. 2 tablespoons sugar. 

Boil potatoes until tender in 1 pint of water; take out, mash 
well, add flour, stir vigorously, add potato water and enough 
cold water to make 2 quarts of lukewarm mixture. Add yeast 
(previously soaked in ]/$ cup lukewarm water), lard, salt, and 
sugar ; pour into 2 sifters of flour ; mix well ; knead 10 minutes ; 
place in bowl; grease over top with lard. Let rise over night, 
mold into 5 loaves. When light, bake in moderate oven 1 hour. 
This can be made in a bread-mixer if desired 

BREAD No. 1. 

Mrs. S. Wonnell. 

1 large cooking-spoon lard 1 large cooking-spoon salt 

(heaped). (level). 

1 large cooking-spoon 2 cakes Fleischmann's 

sugar (heaped). yeast. 

2 quarts lukewarm water. 

Dissolve the yeast in a little lukewarm water. Mix all to- 
gether and thicken with flour about twice as thick as for pan- 
cake batter; let rise well, then mix with all the flour it will 
take, and knead for about 15 minutes. Let rise again to twice 
the size, and mold into loaves. Let rise again to twice the size, 
and bake. Use Pillsbury or Ceresota flour. 

1 88 Bread. 

BREAD No. 2. 

(Use with Bread-mixer.) 

Miss Fannie Dubois. 

2 tablespoons granulated 3 quarts flour. 

sugar. i pint milk, heated, 

i tablespoon salt. i pint water. 
2 tablespoons lard. 

One cake yeast dissolved in Yi cup lukewarm water. Put 
all together in bread-mixer, adding the sifted flour last. Turn 
handle about 5 minutes; put in warm place to rise for 3 hours 
or when light. Turn handle again for 5 minutes; make into 3 
loaves; let stand until twice the size; bake in slow oven for 
1 hour. This may be started at night and will be ready to make 
into loaves early the next morning. 


Mrs. E. M. Bronson. 

V2 pint milk. 1 tablespoon sugar. 

y 2 pint water. 1 cake yeast. 

1 tablespoon Crisco. Flour. 

1 teaspoon salt. 

Dissolve the yeast in water. Put all together and add 
enough flour to form a batter that will fall from a spoon. Beat 
thoroughly, let rise about 1 hour, then add enough flour to make 
dough quite soft. Let rise 1 hour; form into loaves. Let rise 
again till light. Bake y^ hour in moderate oven. Do not knead. 
This makes 2 loaves. 


Mrs. Guy Tyrrell, Georgetown, Ky. 

54 pint milk. 1 pint warm water. 

Pinch of salt. Cornmeal. 

1 tablespoon lard. Flour. 

Put the *4 pint of milk on the stove and let come to a boil. 
Let cool and add the salt and enough cornmeal to make a thick 
batter. Beat well and set in a warm place over night. Then 
add the 1 pint of warm water and enough flour to make a thick 
batter, and beat well. Put in a warm place, and in a few hours 

Bread. . 189 

it will be light. Put 3 quarts of flour, 1 tablespoon of lard, and 
1 tablespoon of salt into the rising, and add enough warm milk 
and water (equal parts) to make a rather stiff dough. , Knead 
thoroughly. Shape into loaves and let rise to double the bulk. 
Bake 50 or 60 minutes. 


Mrs. Earle Hooven. 

4 cups Graham flour. 1 teaspoon salt. 

2^ cups sweet milk. 1 teaspoon soda. 

i]/ 2 cups molasses. 1 cup raisins, floured. 

Stir the soda in molasses until white. Steam 3 hours in 
1 pound baking powder cans with lids on, and bake V2 hour 
with lids off. 

Mrs. Samuel Stephan. 

i cup cornmeal. 2 cups sweet milk. 

2 cups Graham flour. 1 teaspoon salt. 

2 /z cup molasses. 1 small teaspoon soda. 

Dissolve soda in a little water, mix thoroughly with other 
ingredients, steam in greased cans 3 or 4 hours, or stand cans 
in water and bake 3 hours. 


Mrs. C. I. Keeley and Mrs. J. C. Weaver. 

Y?. cup molasses. 1 teaspoon salt. 

2 cups buttermilk. 1 teaspoon soda. 

4 cups Graham flour. 1 egg. 

Make in 2 loaves and bake slowly 1 hour. 


Mrs. E. H. Ells, Oxford, Ohio. 

2 cups bran. 1 teaspoon lard. 

1 cup white flour. 1 egg. 

y 2 cup cornmeal. 1 teaspoon soda. 

Yz cup molasses. 1 teaspoon baking powder. 

1 teaspoon salt. 

1 90 Bread. 


Mrs. E. B. Hughes. 

2 cups sour milk. 2 cups white, Graham, or 

1 cup (scant) molasses. whole wheat flour. 

2 cups bran. 1 teaspoon salt. 

1 teaspoon (level) soda. 1 cup raisins. 

Put into greased tin and bake 1 hour or more in moderate 


Mrs. S. Wonnell. 

2 cups sugar. 2 teaspoons soda. 

1 cup butter or lard. 1 teaspoon nutmeg. 

2 cups bread sponge. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

3 cups flour. iy 2 cups seeded raisins. 

2 eggs. 

Beat the whites of the eggs separately and add last, before 
the raisins. Mix raisins and 1 cup of the flour together before 
putting into the cake. Put dough in a pan and let rise 1 hour. 
Bake 1 hour. 


Miss Edith Massee. 

3 eggs. 1 cup almonds, unblanched. 
1 cup sugar. 1 teaspoon baking powder. 

1 cup currants. 1^2 cups flour. 

This fills two biscuit tins. When slightly cool, cut in pieces 
l / 2 inch wide and 4 inches long. 


Mrs. Elmer Watson. 

2 cups cornmeal. 1 tablespoon butter. 

1 cup flour. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

1 cup milk. 1 egg. . 

1 teaspoon salt. 

Sift cornmeal, flour, sugar, and salt together ; rub in the 
butter, add the egg, milk, baking powder; mix well before put- 
ing in the pan. 

Bread. 19 l 


Mrs. A. J. Davis. 

1 pint buttermilk. 1 tablespoon butter. 

1 pint cornmeal. 1 tablespoon sugar. 

1 cup flour. 1 teaspoon salt. 
y 2 teaspoon soda. 


Mrs. Thos. K. Seward. 

2 cups milk. 3 teaspoons baking powder. 
2 cups flour. 1 tablespoon sugar. 

1/4 cups cornmeal. 1 teaspoon salt. 

2 eggs. 


Mrs. J. P. Day. 

1 cup green corn, grated. 1 cup yellow cornmeal. 

2 cups sweet milk. 1 heaping teaspoon baking 

1 tablespoon butter. powder. 

2 eggs. 

Cook grated corn and 1 cup milk 10 minutes in double boiler, 
remove, add butter. Beat eggs separately; stir 1 cup milk in 
the yolks; add corn mixture, then cornmeal sifted with baking 
powder. Beat well; add whites of eggs beaten stiff; bake in 
greased baking dish ^4 oi an hour in a steady oven. 

Miss Addie Kane. 

3 tablespoons butter. 1 egg. 

3 tablespoons granulated 1 cup sweet milk. 

sugar. 1 cup flour. 

% teaspoon salt. 1 cup cornmeal. 
3 teaspoons baking powder. 

Rub butter and sugar to cream; add egg; beat mixture 
until light; add salt, milk, flour, cornmeal, and baking powder, 
whipping until very light; pour into greased baking pan and 
bake 20 minutes. 


192 Bread. 


Miss Myrtle McLain. 

i l / 2 cups flour. 1 tablespoon shortening. 

1 cup cornmeal. 34 teaspoon salt. 

34 cup sugar. 5 teaspoons (level) baking 
1 cup sweet milk. powder. 

1 egg- 
Bake in moderate oven. 


Miss Sarah Blair. 

3 cups flour. For Top. 

y 2 teaspoon salt. 2 tablespoons flour . 

3 tablespoons sugar. tablespoons granulated 

2 scant teaspoons baking 

powder. x j iea pj n2 r tablespoon 

2 heaping tablespoons but- 

2 eggs. 
2 /z cup of milk. 

Stir together flour, salt, sugar, baking powder. Rub in 
butter. Beat eggs; add milk; stir into dry ingredients, adding 
more milk if necessary to very stiff batter. Spread 2 /$ inch thick 
in buttered pans. For top, mix together flour, sugar, cinnamon ; 
rub in butter until crumbly ; spread over top of dough ; bake 


Miss Lilly Millikin. 

Bread dough size of a loaf of bread. 

y 2 cup brown sugar. Raisins. 

y 2 cup white sugar. ^ teaspoon soda dissolved 

1 egg. in 1 teaspoon boiling-hot 

1 teaspoon cinnamon. water. 

Put in two pans, press a few raisins on top, sprinkle with 
sugar and cinnamon, let rise, and bake in moderate oven. 

2 tablespoons butter 

Bread. ' 193 


Mrs. Lou A. Pfau. 

Sponge. 3 cups flour. 

1 cake yeast. 8 tablespoons butter. 

1 pint milk (lukewarm wa- 1 cup sugar, 

ter). 2 or 3 eggs. 

3 tablespoons sugar. 4 cups flour. 

Dissolve yeast and sugar in the warm milk; add flour. Beat 
well, cover, and let rise in a moderately warm place. Next morn- 
ing add butter and sugar (creamed), the eggs well beaten, the 
flour, and a little salt. Beat and let rise in greased bowl until 
double bulk. Shape and let rise in pans. Use small measuring 


Mrs. Maurice J. Moore. 

1 lb. dates. 2 eggs. 

1 cup sugar. 4 cups flour. 

1 cup milk. 4 heaping teaspoons baking 
1 cup nuts (black walnuts powder, 


After mixing let stand for 10 minutes. Bake 40 minutes in 
moderate oven. 


Mrs. Walter Widdows, Indianapolis, Ind. 

1 egg. z /a teaspoon salt. 

1 cup sweet milk. 1 heaping tablespoon bak- 

2 cups -flour. ing powder. 

2 tablespoons granulated Scant l / 2 cup ground Eng- 

sugar. lish walnuts. 

Beat the egg; add the milk; sift together the flour, sugar, 
salt, baking powder ; then add to egg and milk ; stir in nut meats, 
mixing thoroughly; pour in greased and floured pan; bake in 
moderate oven 20 or 25 minutes. 

1 94 Bread. 


Miss Cora Long. 

2 cups flour. 1 cup nuts. 

2 cups Graham flour. 1 cup raisins. 

2 cups sweet milk. 1 teaspoon salt. 

1 cup sugar. 4 teaspoons baking powder 

2 unbeaten eggs. sifted in flour. 

Let rise 20 minutes before baking. 

Mrs. Bennett, Detroit, Mich. 

2 eggs. 1 lb. dates. 

1 cup sugar. Pinch salt. 

1 cup milk. 4 heaping teaspoons baking 

t cup English walnuts. powder. 

Mix all ingredients together, mold into pans, and let rise 
20 minutes, then bake 40 minutes. 

Mrs. H. D. Gath. 

1 egg. 1 cup English walnuts. 

1 cup milk. 2 large teaspoons baking 
1 cup sugar. powder. 

4 cups flour. 

Let stand 20 minutes, then bake 30 or 45 minutes. 


Mrs. Brandon Millikin. 

1 cup grapenuts. 1 cup water. 

1 cup cornmeal (yellow). 1 cup molasses. 

1 cup Graham flour. 1 level teaspoon soda. 

1 cup milk. 1 level teaspoon salt. 

Mix all together, putting soda in molasses. Put in well- 
greased pans. Steam 2 hours. 

Bread. • 195 


Mrs. S. D. Fitton, Jr. 

2 cups Graham flour. 3 eggs. 

1 cup white flour. y 2 cup sugar. 

1 tablespoon melted butter. ]/ 2 cake yeast. 

Stir stiff and set in a warm place. Set at 10 A. M. for tea. 


Miss Edith Clawson. 

1 cup Quaker oats. M teaspoon soda. 

1 tablespoon melted butter. 2 cups of spring wheat 

y 2 cup Orleans molasses. flour. 

1 teaspoon salt. 
One cake of quick yeast dissolved in 1 cup of warm water. 
Pour 2 cups of boiling water over oats; let stand 1 hour. Stir 
soda into the molasses; add butter, salt, yeast, oats, flour; let 
rise, make into loaves, put into round tins, and let rise again. 
This makes six loaves. 


Mrs. C. A. Byrne. 

4 cups oatmeal. 1 tablespoon salt. 

5 cups boiling water. 1 cake yeast. 

1 cup molasses. 4 quarts flour. 

Pour water over oatmeal at noon. At night add other in- 


Mrs. H. F. Schipper. 

4 cups flour. 1 teaspoon salt. 

y A cup sugar. Yi cup chopped English wal- 
1 cup seeded raisins. nuts. 

iy 2 cups sweet milk. I tgg. 

4 teaspoons baking powder. 

Beat the egg; add milk, then other ingredients; mix thor- 
oughly, put in pan, let stand 20 minutes, and bake in slow oven. 

196 Bread. 


Mrs. Lou Beauchamp. 

4^ cups Gold Medal flour. 1% cups sugar. 

1 cake compressed yeast. 2 eggs. 

1% cups scalded milk. 1 large tablespoon butter. 

Dissolve yeast in milk; add !*/> cups of the flour; mix until 
smooth; let stand until light. Add eggs, sugar, butter, raisins, 
pinch of salt, remainder of flour, sprinkling of cinnamon; mix 
to a stiff dough and knead thoroughly. Let stand until twice 
the amount. Divide into 2 equal parts for 2 loaves; cut each 
batch into 3 equal parts and roll into strips 12 inches long, taper- 
ing to a point at each end. Press ends together, braid, place in 
buttered baking sheets, cover, and let stand until light. Bake 
J / 2 to 3/4 of an hour. If preferred, ice when cool with powdered 
sugar mixed with a few drops of hot water. 


Old English Floor Wax 

Makes Floors Beautiful 


Is a wonder, as it is the only preparation that will 

successfully Clean and Polish a Floor Without 

Removing the Wax or Injuring the Finish 



108 North Third Street 


The Modern Woman Uses None Other Than 

Aluminum Cooking Utensils 

For when you try to acquire the highest point of efficiency in 
anything you must use the most modern and efficient methods 
and equipment. 

"Wear Ever" Aluminum Cooking Utensils 

Far surpass all others. They are light in weight, bright as 
silver, and absolutely pure and wholesome. They do not chip 
or crack, and will last a lifetime. No seams, no joints, or any- 
thing to wear out. We carry a complete stock of 

"Wear Ever" Aluminum Cooking Utensils 

As well as Wagner's, Pure & Wear Eternal Aluminum Ware. 
We also wish to call especial attention to our big stock of 

Housefurnishing Goods 

(On sale in basement) 


224-226 HIGH 

taking Jpow&er breads an& Cig^t 


Every housekeeper should understand the nature of baking 
powder. This is important for two reasons : First, to insure 
perfect bakings ; and second, to avoid danger to health. Baking 
powder is not a food; it is a preparer of food only, and is used 
only for the leavening gas it produces to make the food light 
and sweet. 

A perfect baking powder is the one which will evolve the 
most leavening gas and leave the smallest and most nearly 
neutral residue in the food. 

Always use a reliable brand of phosphate baking powder 
and have your oven hot to insure good biscuits. 


Mrs. E. M. Peters. 

i large tablespoon shorten- 2 heaping teaspoons baking 

ing. powder. 

4 cups flour. Enough milk to make a 

1 teaspoon salt. soft dough. 

Sift flour, salt, and baking powder in a bowl ; rub in short- 
ening; handle as little as possible; roll to the thickness of £4 
inch; cut with small biscuit cutter; bake in hot oven 15 minutes. 


Miss Elizabeth Roll. 

2 cups flour. 2 tablespoons lard. 

4 level teaspoons baking Milk for soft dough ; 

powder. about Y\ cup. 

1 teaspoon salt. 

Mix and sift the dry ingredients ; work in lard with tips of 
fingers ; add gradually the milk, mixing to a soft dough ; toss on 
a lightly floured board ; roll out to y± mcn thickness ; shape 
with a floured biscuit cutter; place close together on a buttered 
pan and bake in a hot oven 12 to 15 minutes. 


200 Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls. 


Mrs. Ella Van Doran. 

1 quart flour. 1 teaspoon sugar. 

1 pinch of salt. (Run through sieve three 

1 large tablespoon lard. times.) 

2 heaping teaspoons baking Enough milk to make soft 

powder. dough. 

Mix in with hand ; press out with hand — do not roll ; cut 
with biscuit cutter; bake in flat pans in quick oven. 


Mrs. Ella Van Doran. 

1 quart flour. 3 teaspoons baking powder. 

Little salt. (Run through sieve.) 

Add lump butter size of ]/> cup water or milk. 

Mix together thoroughly ; moisten with 1 egg, well beaten ; 
press it lightly to 1 inch thickness; cut out, put in floured tin, 
and bake in quick oven. 


Mrs. Guy Tyrrell, Georgetown, Ky. 

1 quart of flour. Equal parts ice-water and 

2 rounding tablespoons of sweet milk to make a 

lard. stiff dough. 

1 teaspoon salt. 

Work on a kneader and beat with a mallet until smooth and 
blistered; roll out into shape, pierce with a fork, and bake 20 
to 25 minutes. 


Mrs. Frank Millikin. 

3 cups flour. 3 eggs. 

2 teaspoons baking powder. Little salt. 

2 tablespoons melted but- 1 quart sweet milk, 

ter. 1 tablespoon sugar. 

Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls. 201 


Mrs. J. A. Rabbe. 

1 cup butter and lard 

2 eggs. 
i l A cups milk. 

y 2 cup sugar. 

2 heaping teaspoons baking 

Flour to make pretty stiff 

Make 3 small cakes. 

Mix well together : 
]/ 2 cup sugar. 1 teaspoon flour. 

1 teaspoon cinnamon. Small lump butter. 

Put on cakes before baking. 


Louise W. Schliep. 

1 cup sweet milk. 1 teaspoon butter (heap- 

l / 2 cup sugar. ing). 

1 egg. y 2 teaspoon salt. 

2 teaspoons baking powder. 

Flour enough to make a stiff batter. Sift baking powder 
with the flour. The egg can be omitted. Cover top with sugar, 
cinnamon, and bits of butter. 


Mrs. Erhard Allen. 

Sift together 3 cups flour, y 2 teaspoon salt, 3 tablespoons 
sugar, 3 scant teaspoons baking powder; rub in 2 heaping tea- 
spoons butter; add 2 beaten eggs, y 3 cup milk to dry mixture 
(enough to make pretty stiff batter) ; spread y$ inch thick on 
well-buttered pans. 

Mix together 2 tablespoons flour, 1 heaping teaspoon cinna- 
mon, 4 tablespoons sugar; rub in 2 tablespoons butter until 
crumbly. Spread thickly on top of dough ; bake about y 2 hour 
in moderate oven. 

202 Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls. 


Mrs. E. L. Huffman. 

2 cups flour. 4 teaspoons baking powder. 

3 tablespoons butter. Ya teaspoon salt. 

Yz cup sweet milk. 2 large tart apples. 

All measurements are level. 

Slice apples into buttered pudding pan ; sprinkle with sugar 
and nutmeg. Mix flour, baking powder, and salt ; chop in but- 
ter ; add milk, mixing it carefully ; turn on to floured board and 
gently pat into shape; place as a crust on top of the apples, cut- 
ting a hole in the center for the steam to escape ; bake in mod- 
erate oven for 40 minutes, covering with lid or other pan for 
first 20 minutes. To serve run knife around the edge of crust ; 
turn out into deep dish and serve as a dumpling with milk 
or sauce. 


Mrs. Caroline Potter. 

2 eggs beaten separately. 2 cups flour. 

y 2 cup soft butter. y 2 cup sweet milk. 

Little Salt. 2 heaping teaspoons baking 
Yi cup pulverized sugar powder, 


Cream butter and sugar ; add yolks and beat light ; alternate 
milk and dry ingredients ; add well-beaten whites ; bake at once 
in small bread pan in rather hot oven. Cut in squares and 
serve hot. 


Mrs. Wm. F. Blaut. 

1 teaspoon baking powder. 1 cup milk. 

1 cup flour. 1 egg. 

Ya teaspoon salt. y 2 teaspoon melted butter. 

Sift baking powder, salt, and flour; then add beaten egg 
and milk, and stir gradually into dry ingredients to make smooth 
batter. Bake on hot griddle and serve with syrup. 

Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls. 203 


Mrs. L. K. Schweeting, Oxford, Ohio. 

3 cups of raw grated pota- 2 eggs. 

toes. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

1 cup milk. 

Add enough flour to make batter. Hake on hot griddle. 


Mrs. J. C. Hooven. 

1 cake of yeast. 1 quart tepid water. 

2 coffeecups buckwheat 1 coffeecup white cornmeal. 

flour. 1 teaspoon salt. 

Sift flour and meal, adding salt, and cake of yeast dissolved 
in little warm water ; then pour tepid water over meal and buck- 
wheat until you have stiff batter, and beat well; put in warm 
place (not hot) to rise. An hour before cooking add 4 table- 
spoons milk and 2 of New Orleans molasses, into which you have 
stirred a level teaspoon baking soda. Let rise again until ready 
to bake. Sufficient for five persons. 

Mix at nine the evening before. 


Miss Inez Wilson. 

1 pint Graham flour. l / 2 teaspoon salt. 

l / 2 pint Indian corn meal. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

y 2 pint flour. 1 egg. 

1 heaping teaspoon brown l / 2 pint each milk and water, 

Sift together Graham flour, cornmeal, white flour, sugar, 
salt, and baking powder; add beaten egg, milk, and water; mix 
together into smooth batter. Have griddle hot ; pour batter into 
cakes the size of a tea saucer ; bake brown on one side ; turn 
and brown on other side ; pile one on another, and serve hot 
with cream and sugar or syrup. 

204 Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls. 


Miss Inez Wilson. 

2 cups cold, boiled rice. 1^2 teaspoons baking powder. 
1 pint flour. 1 egg. 

1 teaspoon sugar. Little more than 3/2 pint 

Yi teaspoon salt. milk. 

Sift together flour, sugar, salt, and baking powder; add 
rice free from lumps, diluted with beaten egg and milk; mix in 
smooth batter; have griddle well heated, and bake nice and 
brown, not too thick. Serve with maple syrup. 

One cup of cold, boiled hominy may be used instead of rice. 


Mrs. Julia Mitchell. 

1 cup milk. i J / 2 cups cornmeal. 

y 2 cup sugar. r / 2 cup flour. 

y'2 teaspoon salt. 3 level teaspoons baking 

1 egg. powder. 

Beat together milk, sugar, and salt; add cornmeal, flour, and 
baking powder, and last a well-beaten egg. 

The cakes can be kept more uniform in shape if batter is 
poured on to griddle from small pitcher. 


Mrs. C. L. Shoup. 

3 quarts water. 23/2 lbs. cornmeal. 

1 lb. fresh side pork (with Salt and sage. 


Boil meat until tender; take out and chop fine; return to 
water with sprinkle of salt and sage to taste; thicken with 
meal and cook thoroughly; pour into molds; when cold, slice 
and fry. 

Miss Fanny C. Du Bois. 

34 cup white sugar. 2 heaping teaspoons baking 

34 cup butter. powder. 

t cup milk. 1 egg. 

2 cups flour. Pinch of salt. 

Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls. 205 


Miss Clara Spellman. 

1 cup sweet milk. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

2 tablespoons melted but- 2 tablespoons sugar, 

ter. 1 teaspoon salt. 

Yolks of 2 and white of Flour enough to make 

1 egg, beaten separately. soft batter. 

This makes eight muffins. 


Mrs. Charles Parrish. 

1 quart flour. 1 teaspoon salt. 

1 tablespoon sugar. 1 tablespoon lard. 

2 teaspoons baking powder. 3 eggs. 

1 pint milk. 

Sift flour, salt, and baking powder together; rub in the lard; 
add beaten egg and milk, then flour. Batter should be rather 
thin; fill well-greased tins and bake 15 minutes in hot oven. 


Mrs. Hinckley Smith. 

2 cups flour. 3 teaspoons salt. 

4 teaspoons baking powder 2 tablespoons sugar, 


Sift above ingredients together. Beat 1 egg light; add 1% 
cups of milk. Stir into dry ingredients. Add 2 tablespoons 
melted butter. Beat well. Bake 25 minutes in a moderate oven. 


Mrs. Gaines Meek. 

1 egg. Butter size of egg, melted. 

1 heaping cup equal parts 24 cup sweet milk. 

cornmeal and flour. 3 teaspoons baking powder. 

1 tablespoon granulated Pinch salt. 


Beat egg; add milk, flour, butter, salt, and baking powder. 
Bake 15 minutes in hot oven. Makes eight muffins. 

206 Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls. 


Mrs. W. J. Fisher, Youngstown, Ohio. 

i cup Graham flour. % cup sugar. 

i cup white flour. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

i teaspoon salt.' i cup milk. 

i egg, well beaten. i tablespoon melted butter. 

Sift together thoroughly the flour, sugar, baking powder, 
and salt ; add gradually the milk, egg, and butter ; bake in hot, 
buttered gem pans 25 minutes. 


Mrs. O. N. Townsend, Zanesville, Ohio. 

i pint flour. J / 2 teaspoon salt. 

1 teaspoon baking powder. 3 eggs. 

1 34 cups milk. t tablespoon melted butter. 

Mix in order given ; add beaten yolks with milk, then the 
melted butter, lastly the whites; serve with maple syrup. 


Mrs. Paul Hooven. 

2 eggs. A pinch of soda. 

1 pint sour cream and milk. A pinch of salt. 

2 spoons baking powder. 1 tablespoon melted butter. 
About 1 pint of flour. 

Mix yolks with sour cream and milk ; add salt and soda, 
then flour and butter. Beat in baking powder; fold in stiffly 
beaten whites the last thing, and bake at once on a hot, greased 


Miss Edith Massee. 

J / 2 cup scalded milk. J4 cup sugar. 

2 cakes yeast. 3 eggs. 

}i cup melted butter. Flour. 
y 2 teaspoon salt. 

Cool milk and add yeast ; add 1 tablespoon sugar and 1 cup 
of flour ; beat well ;• let rise until very light ; add sugar, butter, 
and unbeaten egg, one at a time ; add flour enough to handle ; 
let rise until double its bulk; bake in moderate oven for about 
20 minutes. When cool, cut in slices, toast, and serve. 

Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls. 207 

GEMS No. 1. 
Mrs. W. F. Blaut. 

1 cup milk. 3 cups flour. 
t tablespoon butter. 1 egg. 

2 teaspoons baking powder. 

Beat the egg; add milk and pinch of salt, the sifted flour 
and baking powder, last the warmed butter. Bake in greased 
gem pans 20 minutes in hot oven. 

GEMS No. 2. 

Mrs. Joseph Kimble. 

1 quart wheat bran. 1 pint flour. 

6 tablespoons Orleans mo- 1 pint sour milk. 

lasses. Pinch of salt. 

2 heaping teaspoons soda. 

Bake in gem tins. 


Mrs. Hinckley Smith. 

Dissolve 1 level teaspoon soda and 2 of salt in 1 tablespoon 
hot water. Add 1 cup sour milk. Cream 4 tablespoons sugar, 
2 butter; add milk and Graham or whole wheat flour to make 
a very stiff batter. Put in a pretty hot oven, turn down the 
flame, and bake from 30 to 45 minutes, according to how large 
a quantity in each gem. 

These Graham gems may be made with sweet milk by 
using lots of baking powder (at least 4 teaspoons) and an egg; 
the egg may be added when using sour milk, but it is not as 
necessary as it is when using sweet milk. 

Mrs. A. J. Davis. 

2 tablespoons melted but- 2 tablespoons sugar. 

ter. Pinch of salt. 

1 egg. 1 cup white flour. 

1 cup sweet milk. 2 rounded teaspoons baking 

1 cup Graham flour. powder. 

Cream sugar and butter ; add well-beaten egg, salt, and 
milk; add flour and baking powder; beat well and bake in hot 

208 Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls. 


Mrs. E. M. Peters. 

2 tablespoons sugar. 2 tablespoons melted but- 

3 eggs. ter. 

1 teaspoon salt. 2 heaping teaspoons baking 
3^2 cups Graham flour. powder. 

2 cups milk. 

Fill well-greased hot gem pans half full ; bake in quick oven 
about 12 or 15 minutes. 


Mrs. Merle Flenner. 

Yi cup butter. 1 cup sugar. 

2 eggs. y z cup sweet milk. 

2 cups flour. 1 teaspoon cinnamon 

^ teaspoon baking powder. ^ CU P currants. 

Cream butter and sugar ; add beaten yolks and 
milk; beat thoroughly; add remainder of milk and flour, and 
beat again ; add baking powder, cinnamon, fold in beaten white, 
and stir currants in lightly. Bake in gem pans in moderate oven. 
Spread with butter while hot; sift over with powdered sugar 
and cinnamon. 


Mrs. John C. Schwartz. 

1 cup milk. y§ cup sugar. 

1 tgg. Y\ cake yeast. 

34 cup water. 2 cups flour. 

Make a sponge; beat thoroughly, and when light add flour 
to make a stiff dough; let rise until double its bulk; roll y$ inch 
thick, and spread with 

Yz cup butter, softened. 1 cup currants. 

3 tablespoons cinnamon. 1 cup brown sugar. 

Roll the dough as in making jelly roll, and cut in slices 1 inch 
thick. Place in well-buttered muffin rings, with cut surfaces up 
and down ; when very light, bake in oven for 45 minutes. . 

Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls. 209 

Mrs. Belle Line Hiteshue. 

5 tablespoons sugar. 2 tablespoons butter or 

\ 2 /z cups milk. crisco. 

1 teaspoon salt. 1 egg. 

1 cake yeast. Nutmeg. 
4 cups flour. 

Beat all together and let rise; put in pans to rise again; 
cover top with butter, sugar, and cinnamon. This makes 2 large 

Mrs. Barney Ellers. 

1 quart milk. 2 eggs. 

1 tablespoon salt. J / 2 cup sugar. 

y 3 cup butter and lard. i T / 2 cakes of yeast. 

3 pints flour. 

Heat milk lukewarm ; beat eggs light ; add sugar, and beat 
well; add milk, flour, and yeast; set in warm place to rise; 
when light, add lard and butter, and flour enough to make soft 
dough; let rise again, make into rolls, put in pans, and let rise 
once more before baking. 

This recipe requires 6 hours from the time the sponge is 
set until the rolls are baked. 


Mrs. James A. Dale. 

1 cup scalded milk. Y$ cup butter. 

iyi cups sugar. 2 eggs. 

1 teaspoon salt. 1 cake of yeast. 

Flour enough to make soft dough. 


Mrs. Ella Falk. 

1 cup sugar. 1 cup milk. 

1 cup yeast. 1 cup flour. 

Mix over night ; in morning add T / 2 cup sugar, l / 2 cup butter, 
whites of 2 eggs beaten very light. Take part of white and add 
little sugar; spread over top of cake. 

210 Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls. 


Mrs. R. C. McKinney. 

Scald and cool I pint of milk ; make a soft sponge by adding 
i yeast cake, I pint of flour, ]/ 2 teaspoon salt. Let stand I hour ; 
add y' 2 cup shortening, butter and lard mixed, 2 cups finely 
broken peanuts, 2 pints flour. Knead well ; place in warm spot 
for 2 hours; turn out on bread board and roll slightly; cut in 
finger lengths ; print ends and place apart on tins ; let rise 1 
hour, and bake 20 minutes. 

They can be started in the morning and be ready for 


Mrs. Nelson H. Trimble, Mt. Sterling, Ky. 

1 cup flour. 


cup mashed boiled pota- 

Yx cup lard. 


2 eggs, well beaten. 


cup sugar. 

Pinch salt. 


cake yeast dissolved in 

1 cup milk. 


cup lukewarm water. 

Mix flour, lard, potatoes and sugar, salt and eggs ; then 
milk, then the yeast. Set to rise for 1 hour; make into soft 
doug-h by adding 6 cups flour, and set to rise again ; shape into 
rolls and let it rise once more; then bake; do not knead. 


Mrs. Perrine Spellman. 

24 cup butter. 2 cups sugar. 

2 eggs. 1 pint sweet milk. 

1 pint sponge. 

Mix all into soft sponge ; when light, mix into dough ; let 
rise until light; make into rolls; put in pan and let rise until 
light. Brush top with little cream and coffee A sugar and cin- 
namon, and bake. 

Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls. 2 1 1 


Mrs. H. Seward. 

Into 1 sieve of flour mix 1 tablespoon butter, 1 of lard, and 
1 teaspoon salt. 

Scald 1 pint milk; when cool, add to flour; add 1 cake of 
compressed yeast and 2 tablespoons sugar dissolved in y 2 cup 
lukewarm water; cover lightly and let stand 1 hour. Add flour 
to make dough; let rise to twice its size; make in rolls; let rise 
again, and bake 15 minutes. 


Mrs. E. W. Hake. 

Scald 1 pint of milk, 1 heaping teaspoon butter, 1 heaping 
teaspoon lard. Let cool and add 2 cakes Fleischmann's yeast 
dissolved in y 2 cup lukewarm water, 1 teaspoon salt, 1 table- 
spoon sugar; add little flour, 2 eggs. Add enough flour to knead. 
Let rise; shape with glass or cup; butter one side; let rise 
again, and bake. 


Mrs. J. A. Rabbe. 

Sift together 1 cup flour, y 2 teaspoon salt, 1 teaspoon baking 
powder. Add, stirring with a knife, about ]A cup milk or water. 
Divide in 5 parts and drop on any nice stew, being careful not 
to let the gravy cover them. Lay a cloth over the kettle before 
putting on the lid ; it will absorb the steam and prevent it falling 
back on the dumplings, thus making them heavy. Cook closely 
covered for exactly 12 minutes; do not look at them during this 


Mrs. E. M. Peters. 

Beat 1 egg until well mixed ; add 1 teaspoon salt, 1 teaspoon 
baking powder, and enough flour to make stiff dough ; drop by 
spoonfuls into stew ; cover closely and let cook for about 10 min- 
utes. The stew must be boiling, and kept boiling for 10 minutes. 

212 Baking Powder Breads and Light Rolls. 


Mrs. James H. Roll. 

i egg, well beaten. 4 level teaspoons baking 

1 cup milk. powder. 

]/ 2 teaspoon salt. 2 x / 2 cups flour. 

Drop the dumpling mixture by tablespoonfuls into the boil- 
ing stew; boil steadily for 15 minutes without lifting cover. 
Serve at once. 


Mrs. G. A. Rentschler. 

Beat 4 eggs ; add enough flour to make a medium stiff bat- 
ter, y 2 teaspoon baking powder, and little salt. Drop a small 
teaspoon at a time into a kettle of boiling water, into which a 
little salt has been dropped. 

Let boil a few good puffs ; remove carefully from kettle, and 
pour in a colander to drain off the water ; then pour in hot vege- 
table dish ; brown a tablespoon butter and croutons of fried 
bread, and pour over dumplings. Serve at once. 


1 pint flour. 1 teaspoon sugar. 

1 teaspoon baking powder. Butter size of a walnut. 

Water or milk to make a proper consistency. Roll half an 
inch thick, put in pan, and score. Bake in slow oven. Quantity 
is quite sufficient. 



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Mrs. Truman Davis. 

i cup sugar. i cup strawberry jam. 

Yx cup butter. 5 eggs, well beaten (yolks 

2 teaspoons of cocoa. and whites together). 

y 2 teaspoon of nutmeg. 1 teaspoon soda dissolved in 

2 cups flour. 3 tablespoons sour milk. 


Mrs. C. A. Byrne. 

2 eggs, well beaten. 1 cup flour. 

Salt. 1 teaspoon baking powder. 

1 cup sugar. 1 cup hot milk; last. 

Get everything measured before beginning. 

Mrs. Caroline Sauer. 

Yolks of 4 eggs. 1 cup flour. 

1 cup sugar. y^ teaspoon cream tartar. 

Beat yolks well until light; add sugar; beat again and flavor 
with lemon; beat the whites and add cream of tartar. Fold 
into yolks and sugar, and then add flour, sifted; fold in lightly. 
Put in ungreased pan and bake in oven 45 minutes. 


Mrs. Allen Andrews. 

3 eggs. 1 cup sugar. 

2 tablespoons hot water. 1 teaspoon vanilla if de- 
1 large cup flour. sired. 

Beat together for 15 minutes the eggs, hot water, and the 
sugar. Next fold in the flour and the flavoring; in beating, the 
eggs will stiffen quickly if set in a dish of hot water after the 
tgg mixture is partly thickened. Bake in moderate oven about 
40 minutes. 


2 1 6 Cakes. 


Mrs. Carlos Gressle. 

i cup sugar. I teaspoon baking powder, 

i tablespoon butter. 2 eggs. 

1 cup flour. 

Sift the flour, sugar, and baking powder together; melt the 
butter in a cup and break the eggs into it without beating; fill 
up cup with milk and stir into the flour mixture. Beat hard 
5 minutes and bake in moderate oven. 


Mrs. Sam D. Fitton, Jr. 

1 cup sugar. y 2 cup butter. 
iy 2 cups apple sauce without i l / 2 cups raisins. 

sugar. 1 teaspoon soda. 

2 cups flour. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 
1 teaspoon cloves. Salt. 

1 egg- 
Dissolve soda in apple sauce; cream butter and sugar; beat 

in the egg; add apple sauce and soda, flour, spices, and a pinch 
of salt. Beat well, and lastly add raisins. 


Miss Inez Wilson. 

2 cups sugar. 2 cups apple sauce without 

1 cup butter and lard mixed sugar. 

2 teaspoons cinnamon. y> teaspoon cloves. 

2 teaspoons soda dissolved 2 cups chopped currants or 

in a little boiling water. nuts. 

2 cups chopped raisins. 4 cups flour. 

y 2 lb. citron. A little salt. 

Mix all together and bake in slow oven about 2 hours. 
Dredge nuts and fruit well with flour, to keep from going to 
bottom of cake. 

Cakes. 2 1 7 






2 cups sugar, 
i cup New Orl 

2 pounds raisins, 
i cup currants. 
]/ 2 cup citron. 
5 cups flour. 



i teaspoon soda. 

i tablespoon cinnamon. 
Yz teaspoon cloves. 
3/2 teaspoon allspice. 
Yi small nutmeg. 

i cup blanched almonds. 

24 pound pickled pork, fat only, chopped fine; scald with I 
pint of boiling water; when cold, pour in with other ingredients. 


Mrs. G. A. Rentschler. 

i cup milk. 2 teaspoons baking powder, 

2 cups granulated sugar. mixed in flour. 
y A cup butter. 3 eggs. 

3 cups flour. 

Cream butter and sugar ; then beat the eggs in whole, one at 
a time; add milk, then flour; flavor with vanilla. Bake in 2 
jelly tins and spread with any icing you prefer, or bake in one 
solid cake. 


Miss Mabel B. Spellman. 

i cup butter Judges 5 : 25. 

3>4 cups flour 1 Kings 4 : 22. 

2 cups sugar Jeremiah 6: 20. 

2 cups raisins 1 Samuel 30 : 12. 

2 cups figs 1 Samuel 30 : 12. 

1 cup water Genesis 24 : 17. 

1 cup almonds Genesis 43 : 11. 

6 eggs Isaiah 10 : 14. 

Little salt Leviticus 2 : 13. 

1 large tablespoon honey Exodus 16: 31. 

Sweet spices to taste 1 Kings 10 : 2. 

Follow Solomon's advice for making good boys (Proverbs 
23 : 14) and you will have a good cake. 




Mrs. J. P. Davis. 

teaspoon cream of tartar 

in flour, 
or 2 eggs. 
cup chopped raisins 


i 1 /* cups sugar (white or light y 2 

2 /z cup butter. i 

3 cups flour. i 

i teaspoon soda in I table- 
spoon hot water. 
Some cinnamon and cloves, and add raisins to sugar, butter, 
and eggs. Makes 2 loaves. 


Mrs. Elizabeth De Haven. 

2 teaspoons baking powder. 

squares grated chocolate. 

cup chopped English wal- 

teaspoon powdered cin- 

teaspoon grated nutmeg. 

2 cups sugar. 
y$ cup butter. 2 

i cup hot mashed potatoes. i 

l / 2 cup sweet milk or water. 
2 cups flour. I 

i teaspoon powdered 

cloves. y 2 

4 eggs. 
Cream the butter and sugar together ; add the yolks of eggs 
well beaten, then the flour mixed with the baking powder and 
spices, and the milk. Then add the potatoes mixed with the 
chocolate, the walnuts, and the whites of 2 eggs beaten stiff. 
The potatoes must be hot when mixed with the chocolate. 


Mrs. Edna Stork. 

i cup milk or water. 
3 teaspoons baking powder. 
Flavor with vanilla. 

1 cup butter. 

2 cups sugar. 

3 cups flour. 

4 eggs beaten separately. 
Bake in long pan ; ice on top. 


Mrs. Joseph L. Carver. 
i cup butter. i cup milk. 

2 cups sugar. 3 cups flour. 

4 eggs. 3 teaspoons baking powder 

Flavor with vanilla. Splendid with chocolate icing. 

Cakes. 219 


Mrs. Charles Warner. 

1 cup granulated sugar. 3 eggs beaten separately. 

y 2 cup butter. 1 heaping teaspoon baking 
J/2 cup sweet milk. powder. 

i}4 cups sifted flour. 

Sprinkle J4 CU P °f chopped nuts over batter, and sprinkle 
with sugar. Bake 25 minutes in moderate oven. 


Miss Anna B. Hawes. 

(Been in Hawes family since 1740.) 

1 lb. flour. 1 teaspoon ground cloves. 

1 lb. sugar. 1 teaspoon ground ginger. 

1 heavy lb. butter. 1 teaspoon baking powder. 
2.y 2 lbs. raisins. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

i l / 2 lbs. currants. 1 teaspoon orange juice. 

2 lbs. citron. 1 teacup nuts, ground fine. 

1 dozen eggs. J /s cup New Orleans mo- 

2 nutmegs, grated. lasses. 

Cream butter and sugar; beat eggs well, and add; then stir 
in flour, beating very hard; add fruit last. Have some of the 
flour to dredge fruit in, so it will not go to bottom of cake. 
Bake 3 hours and leave in pan until cold. 


Mrs. Harry Ross. 

2 cups bread dough. 2 eggs. 

l / 2 cup flour. 1 cup seeded raisins. 

2 cups sugar. % cup sliced citron. 

J / 2 teaspoon cinnamon, y 2 teaspoon soda, 
mace, and nutmeg. 

Take dough when it is ready for shaping into halves; add 
other ingredients, and mix and beat with the hand ; the beating 
is not done with tips of fingers, and directly toward the body; 



turn into tube cake pan, and when light (it should be not quite 
double its bulk) bake in an oven of a temperature a little lower 
than for bread. Pour a maple sugar frosting over the cake 
when done, and decorate with pecan or hickory nuts. This cake 
is particularly good made of entire wheat bread dough. 


Mrs. James Blair, 
i egg. 2 cups flour, 

i cup sugar. 2 heaping teaspoons baking 

Y A cup butter. powder. 

1 cup milk. 

Mrs. John F. Neilan. 
3/3 cup soft butter. ]/ 2 lb. of raisins, stoned and 

1J/3 cups brown sugar. chopped. 

2 eggs. 3 teaspoons baking powder. 
y 2 cup milk. 3/2 teaspoon cinnamon. 

1^4 cups flour. Y /i teaspoon grated nutmeg. 

Put all ingredients in a bowl and beat thoroughly for 3 
minutes. Bake 35 or 40 minutes. 


(Raisins can be added.) 


teaspoon each cinnamon, 
ginger, and cloves. 

level teaspoons soda in a 
cup of boiling water, 
added last. 


Mrs. W. B. Shuler. 
2 eggs. 2^2 cups flour. 

y 2 cup lard. 2 teaspoons cinnamon. 

y 2 cup sugar. 1 teaspoon ginger. 

1 cup Orleans molasses. 
Cream butter and sugar ; add cinnamon and ginger, mo- 
lasses and yolks of eggs, flour and whites. Lastly, 1 cup boiling 
water with teaspoon soda. Batter very thin. Bake slowly. 



1 cup brown sugar. 

1 cup New Orleans mo- 




y 2 cup lard. 

2.y 2 cups flour, measured be- 


fore sifting. 

Cakes. 221 


Mrs. D. R. Byard. 

i egg. y 2 cup butter. 

l /i cup sugar. i teaspoon ginger and 

Yi cup molasses. 1^2 cups flour. 

Mix well together ; then add an even teaspoon soda in Y\ 
cup boiling water ; bake 30 minutes. 


Mrs. Brandon Millikin. 

1 cup butter, creamed. 2 heaping teaspoons baking 

2 cups sugar, sifted 3 times. powder. 

1 cup milk. Whites of 6 eggs, beaten 
4 cups flour, sifted 3 times, stiff. 

measured after sifting. 

Cream butter and sugar; add milk and flour; fold baking 
powder into whites, and fold this into the cake. Flavor with 
vanilla. Bake in a slow oven for about 50 minutes. Do not 
light oven until cake is ready to go in. 


Mrs. Richard Sortman. 

2 cups sugar. 2 heaping teaspoons baking 
34 cup butter. powder. 

1 cup milk. Whites of 5 large or 6 

3 cups flour. small eggs. 

Cream butter and sugar; if sugar is warmed first, this is a 
quick process. Add milk and flour gradually; then whites of 
eggs beaten stiff, and lastly the baking powder. Ice with white 
boiled icing. 


Mrs. E. M. Peters, 

Work 1 cup of butter to a cream, using the hand. Add 
gradually, while beating, 1J/3 cups granulated sugar; then add 
5 eggs, one at a time, beating vigorously. When the mixture 
is creamy, add 2 cups flour. Bake in a slow oven j4 oi an hour. 

222 Cakes. 

Mrs. C. S. Elliott. 

Yolks of 10 eggs. i lb. flour. 

Whites of 2 well-beaten iy 2 teaspoons baking powder, 

eggs. i cup milk, 

i lb. butter. % teaspoon salt, 
i lb. sugar. 

Add flour and whites of eggs last. 


Miss Sarah Parrish. 

10 eggs. % lb. butter. 

1 lb. sugar. 2 teaspoons baking powder, 
i lb. flour. 

Cream sugar and butter thoroughly; add well-beaten egg 
yolks, then flour; then add stiffly beaten whites of eggs, and 
lastly the baking powder. 


Mrs. John Andrews. 

i cup sugar. I 1 /* cups flour, 

54 cup butter. i teaspoon baking powder. 

l / 2 cup milk. Flavoring. 

i egg- 


Miss Janet Gath. 

y 2 cup butter (scant). 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

i cup sugar. y 2 teaspoon vanilla. 

2/3 cup milk. Whites of 2 eggs. 

2 cups flour. 

Put baking powder in the flour; cream butter and sugar, 
stir half flour and milk at a time; add vanilla; beat whites of 
eggs to stiff froth and add last. This makes two layers. 

Cakes. 223 


Mrs. Will Elliott. 

\ l / 2 cups brown sugar. 3 cups fiour. 

1 cup sour milk. 1 cup chopped raisins. 

Vz cup butter and lard y 2 nutmeg, grated, 

Flavor with lemon or vanilla ; bake y 2 hour. 


Mrs. Charles Parrish. 

1 cup sugar. 3 teaspoons baking powder. 

1 cup warm water. Pinch of salt. 

2 cups flour. y 2 teaspoon vanilla. 
y 2 cup butter. 

Bake in shallow pans ; ice and mark in squares. 


Mrs. W. H. Moore. 

2 cups brown sugar. y 2 teaspoon salt. 
2 cups cold water. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

7/3 cup lard. y 2 teaspoon nutmeg. 
1 lb. raisins. I pinch of cloves. 

Mix all together and boil 3 minutes ; take off and let stand 
until quite cold ; then add 1 level teaspoon soda dissolved in a 
little cold water. Then add 4^ cups flour and 2^ teaspoons 
baking powder, sifted with flour. Mix all together and bake in 
moderate oven 1 hour. 


Mrs. Harry F. Schipper. 

1 cup dark-brown sugar. 1 teaspoon ground cinna- 

\y 2 cups seeded raisins. mon. 

1 cup water. % teaspoon nutmeg. 

Ys cup lard. 1 pinch salt. 

Yz teaspoon cloves. 

Boil ingredients together for 3 minutes ; when cold, stir in 
1 teaspoon soda dissolved in little warm water; add 2 cups sifted 
flour with y 2 teaspoon baking powder. Bake in a loaf. 

224 Cakes. 


Mrs. Lazard Kahn. 

i cup sugar and 1^2 cups flour. 

y 2 cup butter creamed to- % cup cocoa. 

gether. A little cinnamon, nut- 
Yolks of 3 eggs. meg, and allspice. 

1 cup water. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

Fold in whites last. 


Miss Marie Shuler. 

y 2 cup butter. 4 teaspoons baking powder. 

2 cups sugar. Yolks of 4 eggs. 

1 cup milk. Whites of 4 eggs. 

2^ cups flour. l /z teaspoon vanilla. 

4 squares chocolate. 

Cream butter and sugar; add melted chocolate and yolks; 
stir in, alternately, milk and flour. Last add whites and vanilla. 
Bake in one layer in very slow oven. Use white icing. 


Mrs. Perrine Spellman. 

1 cup butter. 1 teaspoon nutmeg. 

1 pint brown sugar. 1 tablespoon cinnamon. 

4 eggs. Ya tablespoon cloves. 

1*4 cups sour milk. 1 lb. raisins, and 

4 cups flour, sifted 3 or 4 1 lb. currants, washed and 

times. thoroughly dried. 
*4 lb. citron. 

Cream butter and sugar; add eggs, then milk and 3 cups of 
flour and spices. 

Mix fruit thoroughly with 1 cup of flour and add to mix- 
ture; sprinkle 1 scant tablespoon of dry soda over mixture the 
last thing. 

After fruit is added, do not stir any more than necessary. 

I lb. granulated 



I lb. butter. 

ij4 lbs. flour. 


2 lbs. raisins and 


i lb. currants. 


% lb. citron. 


y 4 ib. figs. 


Cakes. 225 


Mrs. Georgetta Hurm. 

tablespoon New Orleans 
1 teaspoon soda, 
cup fruit juice, 
teaspoon cinnamon, 
teaspoon nutmeg. 
1 teaspoon cloves. 
8 eggs. y 2 lb. English walnuts. 

Soak the spices over night in the fruit juice. Mix ingredi- 
ents as for any other cake, adding the fruit last. Bake 2 hours. 
Make a boiled icing, flavor with orange flour water, and apply 
to the top in a fanciful design, leaving the sides uncovered. 
This cake will keep a year or more. 


Miss Jane C. Whitaker. 

y 2 cup butter. y 2 lb. Baker's chocolate dis- 

2 cups light-brown sugar. solved in %. cup boil- 

2 yolks and 1 egg. ing water with 1 tea- 

J / 2 cup sour milk (or butter- spoon soda, 

milk). 2 cups flour. 
2 teaspoons vanilla. 

Cream butter; add sugar; mix. Add yolks, then sour milk; 
next, chocolate and soda dissolved in water. Add flour until 
of proper consistency ; flavor ; add white of egg, beaten stiffly, 
and fold in. Makes a loaf cake. 


1% cups sugar. y 3 cup water. 

Whites of 2 eggs. % teaspoon cream tartar. 


Cook sugar, water, and cream of tartar until syrup threads. 
Pour in a fine stream into the white of eggs. Beat until smooth, 
but not thick enough to drop. If too stiff, thin with a little boil- 
ing water and spread with wet spatula or knife. 

226 Cakes. 


Mrs. W. S. Snider. 

2 blocks of sweet chocolate, 2 cups sugar. 

grated and dissolved in y 2 cup butter. 

Yz cup boiling water 3 eggs, 

with a small teaspoon of 

When cold add 2 /z cup sour milk and the beaten yolks; add 
this to the butter and sugar creamed, and 3 cups of flour; 2 
rounding teaspoons baking powder; beat the whites stiff, and 
fold in the cake last ; 1 cup of raisins scalded and placed on a 
napkin to dry; then roll in flour and add to the cake. 


Miss Mary Davis. 

2 cups sugar. 

Yolks of 2 eggs. 

l /2 cup butter. 

White of 1 egg. 

1 cup sour cream. 

2 teaspoons cinnamon. 

1 teaspoon soda. 

1 teaspoon cloves. 

2^2 cups flour. 

y 2 cup grated nutmeg. 

1 teaspoon baking 



Mrs. John Andrews. 

J/2 cup butter. 2 cups flour sifted with 
2 cups light-brown sugar. 1 tablespoon cocoa, 

2 eggs. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

1 cup sour cream. y teaspoon ground nutmeg, 

1 even teaspoon soda dis- % teaspoon allspice, 

solved in cream. y> box raisins. 


Mrs. Maggie Tunnelle. 

Whites of 8 eggs. 
1 lb. blanched almonds cut 
in thin slices. 

Cream butter, then add sugar; cream together; then flour; 
add eggs beaten well ; add almonds last. 

I lb. 


1 lb. 


y A ib. 


Cakes. 227 


Mrs. Joseph Kimball. 

1 cup sugar. 1 tablespoon butter. 

\y 2 cups flour. ij/2 teaspoons baking powder. 

2 eggs beaten separately. 1 cup walnuts chopped fine. 
y 2 cup water. 


Mrs. John Schawann. 

\ l / 2 cups A sugar. 2 l / 2 cups flour. 

y 2 cup shortening. l /> cup raisins (chopped). 

y 2 cake of mince meat. 1 cup of nuts. 

1 cup sour milk. Spices to suit taste. 

1 level teaspoon soda. 


Mrs. Allen Andrews. 

2 cups sugar. 3 eggs. 

1 cup milk. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

y, cup butter. 1 cup of nut kernels cut fine. 

3 cups flour. 

Tried and not found wanting. 


Mrs. Wm. H. Allen. 

1 cup butter. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

2 cups sugar. 1 pint hickory nut kernels. 
1 cup sweet milk. 3 cups flour sifted with the 

Whites of 7 eggs. baking powder. 

Yolks of 2 eggs. 

Beat butter and sugar to a cr^am; then add yolks of eggs, 
then milk, then flour, whites of eggs beaten to stiff froth, and 
hickory nuts last, rolled in a little flour; bake in loaf, and ice 
if you like. 

228 Cakes. 


Charles Edward Draper. 

i cup flour sifted 3 times. 1 level teaspoon cream of 
i l /\. cups granulated sugar; tartar (pure). 

roll and sift once. y$ teaspoon salt. 

\y$ cups egg-white. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

The salt is used to freshen the egg, and will materially as- 
sist in the beating; this should be put into the egg before beat- 
ing. When the eggs are about half beaten, add the cream tar- 
tar and also the extract (your own choice, but vanilla preferred). 
When the eggs are fully beaten (but not too stiff), then sift 
sugar in. Up to this point you should beat with a strong, vigor- 
ous, and continuous stroke. Add flour last; simply folding it 
in with as few strokes as will be required to mix well. Put into 
pan at once, and then into gas range. Place the pan on rack 
about 3 inches above the bottom of the oven. The range should 
be lighted (both burners) about 2 minutes (no longer) before 
placing cake in oven. Immediately on placing cake in oven 
turn out the front burner and turn down the back burner to 
3/3 its capacity. This cake should be kept in the oven 1 hour. 
Pure cream tartar is essential to the success of this cake. 


Charles Edward Draper. 

Same recipe as above, except for addition of the chocolate. 
Grate 2 squares of Baker's chocolate (about Y\ cake) very fine, 
and after the flour has been sifted and measured, add the grated 
chocolate to it by stirring and sifting thoroughly. 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

1 cup flour. Sifted 4 times separately 

13^ cups granulated sugar. and 8 times together. 

Beat with a little salt, whites of 11 small or 10 large eggs 
on a meat platter until you can turn it upside down without 
spilling; add level teaspoon cream of tartar to the eggs; dust 

Cakes. 229 

flour and sugar mixture into eggs very lightly ; always use wire 
egg beater to mix cake, and never stir it or use a spoon. Flavor 
with vanilla and bake 1 hour on lower shelf of oven with slow 


Miss Almeda Cockerill. 

Whites of 11 eggs. Pinch of soda. 

1 teaspoon cream of tartar. 1 cup flour. 

ij/2 cups sugar. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

Beat whites of eggs until frothy ; add cream of tartar, and 
continue beating until eggs are stiff ; gradually fold in sugar, 
flour, and soda ; mix together and sift 6 times. Add vanilla. 
Bake 50 or 60 minutes in an unbuttered angel cake pan. Have 
the oven very moderate until cake has risen well. Cover with 



Mrs. John Spoerl. 

2 cups powdered sugar. 2 level teaspoons baking 

2 heaping cups flour. powder. 

5 eggs. 24 CU P not water. 

Split layers and put following cream filling between : 

Cream Filling. 

One scant pint of milk, heat to near boiling point; add 2 
tablespoons cornstarch, wet with a little cold milk ; 2 beaten 
eggs with 1 small cup of sugar; boil until it thickens and falls 
from spoon. When cool, add 2 tablespoons of vanilla and x / 2 cup 
of melted butter. Sprinkle powdered sugar on top layer. 


Mrs. Joe Williams. 

3 eggs. 1 cup of sweet milk. 

J/2 cup of butter. 3 teaspoons Royal baking 

4 cups sifted flour. powder. 
2 cups coffee A sugar. 

230 Cakes. 


Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

3 eggs. i l / 2 cups sugar. 

l / 2 cup butter. 2 cups flour. 

2 teaspoons Royal baking 1 cup milk, 



l / 2 yolk well beaten ; add powdered sugar and the rind of 
1 orange grated. 

Orange Cream Custard. 

1 tablespoon of cornstarch. Juice of l / 2 lemon. 

V 2 cup of sugar. x / 2 yolk of tgg. 
i'y 2 cups hot water. Lump of butter. 

Juice of 1 orange. Rind of y> orange, grated. 

Mrs. S. D. Fitton, Jr. 

y 2 cup butter. i x /i cups sugar. 

y 2 cup milk. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

2^4 cups flour. y± teaspoon soda. 

«)4 teaspoon cream tartar. Whites of 5 eggs. 

Cream butter and sugar gradually ; add milk and vanilla, 
flour sifted with soda and cream tartar. Last fold in whites 
of eggs ; spread in two layer cake pans. Press halves of English 
walnuts into top of one of layers to make lengthwise rows of 
nut meats. Sprinkle the whole with white sugar. Bake 20 

Chocolate Nut Frosting. 

1 cup sugar. y 2 cup water. 

Yolks of 2 eggs. 1 square bitter chocolate. 

y 2 teaspoon vanilla. Chopped nuts. 

Boil sugar and water until it threads. Pour on the beaten 
yolks ; pour this on melted chocolate. Add chopped nuts re- 
maining from a pound of unshclled nuts used in the cake ; add 
vanilla; beat until cold enough to spread. 

Cakes. 231- 

Mrs. W. J. Brede. 

1 cup of butter. 3 cups of flour. 

1 cup of sweet milk. x / 2 cup of cornstarch. 
Pinch of salt. 3 teaspoons baking powder. 

4 eggs. 2 teaspoons lemon extract. 

2 cups of sugar. 

Lemon Filling. 

1 cup of sugar. 2 tablespoons butter. 

1 egg. Juice of 1 lemon. 

Stir all together and cook until it thickens, then spread be- 
tween layers. 


Miss Inez Wilson. 

Miss Condon, Trenton, Ohio. 

\ l /2 cups granulated sugar. y 2 cup butter. 

y 2 cup milk. 2.y 2 cups flour. 

3 eggs. 1 level teaspoon soda. 

2 level teaspoons cream tar- 1 teaspoon lemon extract. 


Bake in layers. 

Lemon Filling. 

1 cup of sugar. Grated rind and juice of 

1 egg. 1 lemon. 

1 tablespoon water. 1 teaspoon flour. 

Boil until it thickens. Cool and spread between layers. 


Mrs. E. A. Belden. 

1 cup sugar. y 2 teaspoon each of cinna- 

2 eggs. mon, ginger and cloves. 
1/4 cups flour. y 2 cup milk. 

y 2 cup butter. iy 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

Cream sugar and butter ; pour on this 1 tablespoon hot 
water; stir into this eggs, not beaten; then add milk, flour, 
baking powder, and spices. Bake in a quick oven. 

232 Cakes. 


Miss Inez Wilson. 


cup of butter. 1 cup of milk. 

3 eggs. 1 cup of any nut meats 

iy 2 cups sugar. preferred. 

Rub the butter and sugar to a light, white cream ; add 
the eggs beaten a little, then the flour sifted with the powder; 
mix with the milk and nut meats into a rather firm batter. Bake 
in layers or solid. Make boiled white icing, and stir chopped 
nut meats in. Spread between layers. 


Mrs. Frederick G. Mueller. 

i]/2 cups coffee A sugar. i 1 /* cups flour. 

3 eggs. 1^2 teaspoons baking powder. 

4 tablespoons of water. 

Bake in 2 layers; split the layers and spread with cream 

Cream Filling. 

y A cup sugar. 1 cup milk. 

1 egg. 1 tablespoon cornstarch. 


Mrs. C. S. Millikin. 

1 cup butter. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

2 cups sugar. Whites of 6 eggs. 

1 cup milk. 1 teaspoon flavoring. 

3^2 level cups flour. 

Cream butter and sugar together; then add milk and flour, 
into which the baking powder has been sifted, then flavoring, 
and lastly the stiffly beaten whites of eggs. 


Two cups granulated sugar in 3/2 cup water. Boil until it 
threads, then pour over the stiffly beaten whites of 2 eggs, beat- 
ing until creamy. Add 1 cup chopped raisins, 1 cup chopped 
nut meats, 3 figs cut in thin slices. 

Put between layers and on top of cake, or ice top plain. 

Cakes. 233 


Mrs. J. C. Hooven. 

Whites of 6 eggs. i l / 2 cups sugar. 

l / 2 cup butter. }/ 2 cup sweet milk. 

2 cups flour. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

Color l / 2 of this with 1 drop cochineal. This will make 
2 layers : pink and white. Flavor with vanilla. 

Dark Part. 

Yolks of 6 eggs. i l / 2 cups sugar. 

]/ 2 cup butter. y 2 cup sweet milk. 

2 i y 2 cups flour. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

Grate 1 square of chocolate into y> of this. Flavor with 
vanilla. This will make 2 layers : yellow and chocolate color. 


2 cups sugar. y A cup of water. 

Boil until thick enough for a taffy, pour over whites of 4 
eggs, beat until cool, and flavor with vanilla. 


Mrs. Wilson Maxwell. 

Break whites of 2 eggs in a cup. Put in enough soft butter 
to make y 2 cup; fill up cup with milk. Sift in a bowl iy 2 cups 
of flour, 1 large teaspoon of baking powder, 1 cup of granulated 
sugar. Pour the soft mixture over and beat 10 minutes; flavor; 
will make 2 small layers. Any icing will do. 


Mrs. Warren Gard. 

1 cup butter. 2 cups sugar. 

1 cup sweet milk. 3 cups flour. 

Whites of 5 eggs. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

Bake in layers or loaf. Easily made and very good. 

234 Cakes. 


Mrs. A. B. Austin. 

y A cup of butter. Whites of 6 eggs, beaten 

2 cups of sugar. stiff. 

3 cups of flour. i cup of milk. 
2 teaspoons baking powder. 

Almond Custard Filling. 

i cup of cream or new milk. Small lump of butter, 

i tablespoon flour. ]/ 2 teaspoon vanilla. 

2 eggs. Ya lb. chopped almonds. 
2 tablespoons sugar. 


Miss Fannie Du Bois. 

2 cups white sugar. i cup sweet milk. 

Pinch of salt. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

3 eggs. 3 cups flour. 
24 cup butter and lard. 

Beat all the ingredients together except whites of eggs, 
which should be beaten stiff and added last. 


2 cups brown sugar. Yz pint cream. 

Boil together until it forms balls when dropped into water; 
take from fire and beat in a tablespoon of butter. 


Mrs. E. M. Peters. 

2 cups granulated sugar. I cup butter, 

i cup sweet milk. 4 cups sifted flour. 

Whites of 7 eggs. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

Cream the butter and sugar, adding gradually I cup of milk 
and 3 cups of flour. Add well-beaten whites of eggs with re- 
maining cup of flour, to which has been added the baking powder. 
Flavor with vanilla to taste. This makes 3 layers. Bake in 
moderate oven. 

Cakes. 235 


Mrs. H. C. Blum. 

2 cups powdered sugar. 3 cups flour. 

1 cup sweet milk. 3 teaspoons baking powder. 
Whites of 6 eggs. 1 teaspoon flavoring. 

«}4 cup butter. 

This can be used for a sheet cake. 

Marshmallow Icing. 

y 2 pound marshmallows set over hot water till soft; boil 
2 cups of granulated sugar with 6 tablespoons of water until it 
drops from the spoon in threads. Have ready beaten whites of 
2 eggs; pour syrup slowly into it, beating all the time. Beat 
marshmallows into icing lightly. 


Mrs. Maggie L. Tunnelle. 

2 cups powdered sugar. 1 cup of milk or water. 

3 cups flour. 2 teaspoons of baking pow- 
Whites of 6 eggs. der. 

y 2 cup butter. 

Fruit Layer. 

2 cups light-brown sugar. 1 teaspoon cinnamon, nut- 

3 cups flour. meg, mace, cloves. 
Yolks of 5 eggs. 1 cup of walnuts, raisins, 

y 2 cup butter. currants, almonds, figs, 

1 cup of milk. and citron. 
2^ teaspoons baking powder. 


2 cups granulated sugar. 10 cents' worth marshmal- 
Whites of 2 eggs. lows. 

y 2 cup whipped cream. 

Boil 2 cups of sugar in 4 tablespoons of water until it 
threads. Have egg beaten to a stiff froth. Marshmallows cut 
in dice and hot; stir sugar in the egg, beating all the time; 
then the marshmallows. Before spreading on cake add cream. 

2 2,6 Cakes. 


Miss Naomi E. Hurm. 

Y\ cup butter, scant. . 2 eggs. 

3 cups flour. 3 teaspoons caramel, or 


teaspoons baking powder. more, to taste. 

1 cup cold water. 


Heat 1 teacup dark-brown sugar until it smokes. Add l / 2 
teacup of boiling water. Will keep indefinitely. 


Two cups light-brown sugar ; enough milk to moisten the 
sugar ; a lump of butter. Cook as for fudge ; let cool until almost 
cold. Beat to creamy mass; add enough boiling water to make 
it the consistency of icing. 


Mrs. John F. Mee. 

2 cups sugar. 1 cup butter. 

1 cup sweet milk. 3^ cups flour. 

2 heaping teaspoons baking Whites of 5 eggs. 


Flavor with vanilla. This makes 3 layers. 
Caramel Icing. 

1 cup dark sugar. 1 cup white sugar. 

Cover with water; let boil to a candy; 2 teaspoons cream, 
1 teaspoon butter ; beat well ; flavor to taste. 


Miss Inez Wilson. 

2 cups sugar. y 2 cup butter. 
1 cup sweet milk or cocoa- 3^2 cups flour. 

nut milk. l / 2 teaspoon soda. 

1 teaspoon cream tartar. y 2 teaspoon lemon extract. 

Whites of 4 eggs. 

Use boiled icing with cocoanut. 

Cakes. 237 


Miss Elizabeth Roll. 

)/ 2 cup of butter. i]/ 2 cups of sugar. 

4 eggs, or whites of 5. 1 cup of water. 
3 teaspoons baking powder, 3 cups flour. 

rounded. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

Cream the butter and sugar thoroughly ; add yolks of eggs, 
beaten slightly, then liquid and dry ingredients alternately ; 
fold in the whites beaten very stiff; add flavoring, and beat 
lightly. Bake in tins lined with waxed paper in moderate oven. 
This cake may be varied by adding cocoa, spices, fruit, 
or nuts. 

Miss Bessie May Nesbitt. 

2 large cups coffee A sugar. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 
y 2 cup butter. 3^ large or 5 small cups of 

5 eggs, leaving out the flour, sifted with baking 

whites for frosting. powder. 

1 cup sweet milk. 

Measure all by the same size cup. 


Mrs. T. D. Cochran, Germantown, Pa. 

1 cup butter. i^4 cups sugar. 

3 eggs. 2.]/ 2 cups flour. 
2^ level teaspoons baking 1 cup milk. 

powder. A little salt. 

1 teaspoon vanilla. 


y 2 cup milk. y 2 cup cream. 

A small walnut of butter. Heated in a double boiler. 

Stir one rounding tablespoonful flour into y 2 cup of sugar. 
Stir into hot milk and cook until thick. Add 1 beaten egg white 
to custard just before removing from fire and beat well. Cool 
slightly and add fresh grated cocoanut to taste, and spread be- 
tween layers of cake. Make a boiled icing; cover the top and 
sides. Sprinkle thickly with cocoanut. 

238 Cakes. 


Mrs. Frank Weaver. 

2 teacups brown sugar. y 2 teacup butter. 

Y* teacup sour cream or y 2 teacup chocolate, 

milk. y* cup boiling water. 

2 eggs. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

3 cups flour. 

Put soda into chocolate, then pour the boiling water into 
this. Put baking powder into the flour. Bake in layers. 


2 cups brown sugar. y 2 cup sweet milk. 

y> cup butter. 


Mrs. John R. Woods. 

2 cups dark-brown sugar. x / 2 cup sour milk. 

2 eggs. y* cup boiling water. 

^ 2 heaping cups flour. y 2 cup grated chocolate. 

1 teaspoon soda. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 
y 2 cup butter, scant. 

Mix sugar, butter, eggs, milk, and flour; then dissolve soda 
in water; melt chocolate; add these to the batter. Bake in 
layers. Use any filling you like. 


Mrs. C. W. Simpson. 

2 cups brown sugar. y 2 cup butter. 

2 eggs. 1 teaspoon soda. 

y 2 cup sour milk. y$ cup grated chocolate. 

3/3 cup boiling water or cof- 3 level cups flour, 

Beat sugar and butter into a cream ; then add lightly beaten 
eggs and soda dissolved in milk. Dissolve grated chocolate in 
water or cofTee. Add to the batter last; add flour. 

Caramel Icing. 
1 cup caramel sugar. 1 cup cofTee A sugar. 

Add enough water to dissolve, and boil until it threads. 
Beat till it thickens; thin with cream. 

Cakes. 239 


Mrs. Caroline M. Harris. 

2 cups dark-brown sugar. Y* cup butter. 

Y* cup grated chocolate. Y* cup sour milk. 

Yz cup hot water. 2 eggs. 

1 teaspoon soda. Vanilla to suit taste. 

2 cups flour. 

Cream the butter and sugar; add eggs and sour milk; dis- 
solve chocolate and soda in hot water and add ; then flour and 
vanilla; beat thoroughly. 


Two cups dark-brown sugar ; enough water to barely moisten 
it ; cook until a soft cream ; when nearly cool add a small lump of 
butter and vanilla. Beat until stiff enough to spread. 


Mrs. H. G. Carter. 

Three-fourths cup of grated German sweet chocolate dis- 
solved in a cup of boiling water ; to this add 1 teaspoonful of 
soda and stand aside while mixing the cake. 

2 cups of brown sugar. Y* cup of sour milk (sour 

Y2 cup of butter. cream is better). 

2 eggs. 23/2 cups of flour. 

Add the chocolate. Bake in a quick oven. 
Chocolate Filling. 

One-half cup of grated chocolate dissolved in a small cup of 
water; add 1 cup of sugar, a little butter, and flavor if desired. 


Mrs. John Schwartz. 

2 ounces chocolate. Y* CU P m ihk. 

Yz cup butter. 3 teaspoons baking powder. 

1^2 cups sugar. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

4 eggs. 2 cups flour. 

Dissolve chocolate in 5 tablespoons boiling water. Cream 
the butter; add gradually the sugar, beating constantly. Sepa- 

240 Cakes. 

rate the eggs, beat the yolks, and add to sugar and butter; 
then add milk, then melted chocolate, vanilla, and flour sifted 
with baking powder; beat thoroughly. Beat whites to a stiff 
froth and stir them into the mixture quickly. Turn into greased 
cake pans and bake in moderate oven. 


3 teaspoons flour. Yolk of i.egg. 

1% cups milk. y 2 cup sugar. 

1 ounce chocolate. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

Moisten flour with % cup cold milk, and cook in hot milk 
20 minutes. Add 1 tablespoon hot water to chocolate and beat 
until smooth. Beat yolk and add sugar, then chocolate, then 
gradually the hot milk and flour. Return to double boiler and 
cook in hot water for 5 minutes, stirring constantly. Remove 
from fire, and when cool add vanilla. 


Mrs. Edward Sohngen. 

2 cups powdered sugar. 3 cups flour. 

34 cup butter. 2 heaping teaspoons baking 
Whites of 6 eggs. powder. 

1 cup milk. Flavor with vanilla. 

Chocolate Icing. 

2 squares Baker's choco- 2 scant cups sugar. 

late. Butter size of walnut. 

34 cup milk. I spoon vanilla. 

Cook until it hardens in water, then beat until cold. 

Maple Icing for Same Cake. 

1 cup maple syrup. Whites of 2 eggs. 

1 cup brown sugar. 

Boil syrup and sugar together until they will form a soft 
ball when put in water ; then pour over beaten whites of eggs and 
beat until cold. 

Cakes. 241 


Mrs. Christina Schiering. 

2 cups brown sugar. Y* cake chocolate or 2 tea- 

3 eggs. spoons cocoa. 

3 cups flour. Yz cup butter. 

1 cup sour milk. 1 teaspoon soda. 

1 cup sweet milk. 2 cups brown sugar. 

Boil until thick, then beat. 


Mrs. Ed Kirk. 

iYa cups chocolate. Y^ cup English walnuts. 

1 cup sugar. 3 eggs. 

Yz cup butter. 1 heaping teaspoon baking 

1 cup sweet milk. powder. 
2 T /2 cups flour. 

Cream butter and sugar together ; add milk, then flour, 
sifting baking powder with the flour ; add the melted chocolate 
and walnuts broken coarsely ; lastly add the eggs, yolks and 
whites beaten separately. 

Frosting for Cake. 

1 Ya cups sugar. Y* cup chocolate. 

Y\ cup milk. Y* teaspoon vanilla. 

\Yi tablespoons butter. Pinch of salt. 

Melt butter; add chocolate, sugar, salt, and milk. Boil 8 
or 10 minutes; take from fire, add vanilla, and beat. 


Mrs. O. W. Katz. 

2 cups white sugar. 1 teaspoon soda. 

% cup of butter. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

1 cup sour milk. ^2 teaspoon cloves. 

1 cup raisins. Y* teaspoon nutmeg. 

1 cup blackberry jam. 3% cups flour. 

4 eggs. 

242 Cakes. 


Mrs. Will Cullen. 

1 cup granulated sugar. 1 tablespoon butter. 

2 squares Baker's bitter 1 egg. 

chocolate. 1 teaspoon of vanilla. 

1 cup sweet milk. 1 level teaspoon soda. 

iy 2 cups flour. 1 teaspoon baking powder. 

Beat sugar and butter together, stirring; boil together choco- 
late and egg beaten well. Add x / 2 the milk. When dissolved, 
add this to butter and sugar, and the other y 2 cup of milk ; then 
vanilla, flour, soda, and baking powder. 


1 square bitter chocolate. 1 cup sugar. 

y 2 cup sweet milk. Yolk of 1 egg. 

Heat until thoroughly dissolved and mixed ; add 1 table- 
spoonful of butter when done. 


Mrs. Chauncey G. Newton. 

2 cups powdered sugar. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 
1 cup butter. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

5 eggs, beaten separately. i l / 2 teaspoons cinnamon. 

1 cup water. l / 2 teaspoon allspice. 

3 cups flour. % teaspoon cloves. 

Cream butter and sugar; add the water to the beaten yolks, 
and this to the creamed butter and sugar ; then vanilla. Add the 
flour a little at a time, to which have been added the spices 
and baking powder, and lastly the beaten whites, 2 of which 
were put aside for the filling. 

Filling for Spice Cake. 

2 cups granulated sugar. Whites of 2 eggs. 
y 2 cup water. 1 cup raisins. 

Cook sugar and water together until it will thread in cold 
water. Pour on the beaten whites. When stiff, add the raisins, 
which have been ground in meat chopper. Add vanilla. Eng- 
lish walnuts, also, are good ground with the raisins. 

Cakes. 243 


Mrs. Mathias Saurer. 

iy 2 cups brown sugar. 1 teaspoon cloves. 

l / 2 cup butter. i^ teaspoons cinnamon. 

y 2 cup milk. i l /z teaspoons nutmeg. 

2 cups flour. 4 eggs; leaveout whites of 

1 teaspoon soda. 2 for frosting. 

Boiled Frosting. 

1 cup sugar. Yi cup water. 

Cook until it threads ; add to the beaten whites, and flavor. 


Mrs. Lurten Fahrney. 
y 2 cup butter. iy 2 cups granulated sugar. 

y 2 cup each of milk and wa- 3 cups flour. 

ter. 2 eggs. 

y 2 cup burned sugar syrup. 2 heaping teaspoons baking 

1 teaspoon vanilla. powder. 

Bake in 2 layers. 

To burn sugar, put 1 cup granulated sugar in skillet and 
burn until it smokes; add y 2 cup boiling water, and cook until 
thin syrup is formed. 

Use caramel frosting. 


Mrs. R. Baxter. 
Burn 1 cup sugar and add y> cup water, and boil for a 
few minutes. 

i l / 2 cups granulated sugar. 1 cup water or milk. 

3 tablespoons butter. 2 heaping teaspoons baking 

Yolks of 3 eggs and powder, 

whites of 2. 2 or 3 tablespoons burnt 

2^4 cups flour. sugar. 

Mix sugar, butter, and yolks of eggs together; then add 
whites of eggs, y 2 of the water or milk, and burnt sugar. Then 
add the other half of water or milk with the baking powder dis- 
solved in it, and the flour. Mix well and bake in 3 layers. 

244 Cakes. 


i cup granulated sugar. 3 tablespoons burnt sugar. 

Y*. cup water. 

Cook until it forms a soft ball when dropped in cold water, 
then add the beaten white of egg and beat well. 


Mrs. John Spoerl. 

i l /> cups sugar. 3 eggs. 

l / 2 cup butter. 1 cup water. 

3 tablespoons caramel. 2 teaspoons vanilla. 

3 teaspoons baking powder. 2Y2 cups flour. 

Beat whites of eggs to a froth. Bake in two layers. 
Caramel to Put in Cake. 

Two-thirds cup of sugar. Put on stove and cook until dark- 
brown, then add ]/ 2 cup of water and cook like molasses. 

Be careful when pouring water into brown sugar, as it is apt 
to fly up and burn fingers. 


Boil \]/i cups sugar and 7/3 cup water until it threads. Pour 
over the beaten whites of 2 eggs, add 1 teaspoon of vanilla and 
1 tablespoon of caramel. Beat to a cream. Ice while cake is hot. 


Miss Elizabeth Roll. 

ij4 cups brown sugar. y 4 cup broken English wal- 
J /4 cup granulated sugar. nuts. 

Yz cup water. Y\ CU P chopped raisins. 

Whites of 2 eggs. Y cl1 P maraschino cherries 
1 teaspoon vanilla. (cut in pieces). 

Boil sugar and water together until it threads when dropped 
from spoon. Pour gradually, while beating constantly, upon the 
beaten whites of eggs. Beat until nearly cold. Set pan con- 
taining mixture in boiling water and cook until mixture becomes 
granular around edge of pan. Remove from fire and beat until 

Cakes. 245 

stiff. Add nuts, fruit, and flavoring. Pour on cake and spread 
with back of spoon. 

Sufficient for 2 layers. 


Mrs. J. L. Beeler. 

Scorch y 2 cup granulated sugar. Cook 2 cups granulated 
sug'ar, y 2 cup milk, and I tablespoon butter until it thickens ; 
add the scorched sugar, and beat until cool. 


Miss Marie Shuler. 

6 tablespoons sugar. 1 cup milk. 

2 tablespoons flour. 2 squares chocolate. 

Stir over fire in double boiler until thick. Spread on cake 
when cool. 


Seven tablespoons cream or milk (cream preferred). 
Thicken with powdered sugar and add 1 square of melted choco- 


Mrs. Charles Parrish. 

i]/ 2 cups sugar; cover scantily with water and boil until it 
forms a ball when tried in cold water. Pour over the unbeaten 
whites of 2 eggs and beat until ready to spread. This is suffi- 
cient to ice a large layer cake. 


Mrs. A. Seidensticker. 

2 cups brown sugar. 1 tablespoon butter. 

y 2 cup water. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

2 tablespoons cream. 

Cook sugar and water until it threads ; pour over cream, but- 
ter and vanilla, and beat hard. 

246 Cakes. 


Mrs. G. A. Rentschler. 

13/3 cups granulated sugar. y 2 cup butter. 

Yz cup grated maple sugar ^3 cup cream, 

(or brown sugar). 

Mix ingredients and boil 13 minutes. Beat until of right 
consistency to spread. 



Mrs. Samuel Stephan. 

3 cups sugar. 1 teaspoon salt. 

3 eggs. 5 cups flour. 

4 tablespoons melted but- Nutmeg. 

ter. 3 teaspoons baking powder. 

1 cup sweet milk. 

Beat sugar, yolks, and butter until light; add milk, flavor- 
ing and beaten whites ; add flour and baking powder. Roll, cut 
thick, and fry in hot lard. 


Mrs. Geo. Bachman. 

2 eggs. 1 cup sweet milk. 

2 cups sugar. 5 teaspoons baking powder. 

6 cups flour. Butter size of a walnut. 

2 cups mashed potatoes. 


Mrs. John R. Woods. 

1 cup sugar. Level teaspoon soda. 

1 cup sour cream. 2 level teaspoons baking 

2 eggs. powder. 
Butter size of a walnut. 

Beat eggs with sugar. Add enough flour to make a soft 

Cakes. 247 


Mrs. A. L. Trine. 

1^2 cups sugar. 1 heaping tablespoon but- 

3 eggs. ter. 

1 cup potatoes. 1 cup sweet milk. 

4 teaspoons baking powder. 

Cook potatoes fresh ; add butter while hot ; mix well ; have 
eggs well beaten ; stir until very light ; then add milk, baking 
powder, and flour to make dough to handle well. 


Mrs. W. Reaves. 

1 cup sugar. 1 cup sour milk. 

2 eggs. 3 cups flour. 
Lard size of an egg. 1 teaspoon soda. 

Dissolve soda in milk. 


Mrs. Belle Line Hiteshue. 

2 cups sugar. 1 teaspoon soda. 

2 eggs well beaten. 3 tablespoons melted lard 

2 cups buttermilk. or crisco. 

Beat all well; add enough flour to make soft dough; cut in 
rounds; fry in deep fat. Slices of potatoes will cool fat, and 
clear it also. 


Mrs. Carl Andrews. 

2 cups mashed potatoes. Butter size of hickory nut. 

2 cups sugar. 5 teaspoons baking powder. 

2 cups milk. 1 teaspoon vanilla, or a lit- 

2 eggs. tie grated nutmeg. 

Work in enough flour to make soft dough ; roll out, cut, 
and fry in hot lard. 




Mrs. William Hitchcock. 

2 coffeecups sugar. 

1 coffeecup sweet milk. 

3 eggs. 

1 heaping tablespoon but- 

3 teaspoons baking powder 

Yi nutmeg. 

1 level teaspoon cinnamon. 
6 cups flour. 

Beat eggs, sugar, and butter together; add milk, spices, 
and flour ; put another cup of flour on molding board, turn 
dough out on it, and knead until stiff enough to roll out a 
quarter of an inch thick; cut with round cutter; drop in hot 
lard and cook. Dredge in powdered sugar while warm. 


Mrs. Condon, Trenton, Ohio. 

2 cups potatoes. 
2 cups sugar. 
1 cup sweet milk. 
1 tablespoon butter. 

Mash potatoes as for tahl< 

5 cups flour. 

5 teaspoons baking powder. 

3 eggs. 

Salt and nutmeg. 

if they are seasoned, do not use 


Mrs. Emma Smith, Mrs. A. W. Brown, Mrs. Lou Beauchamp, 
Miss Cora L0110-. 

4 medium-sized potatoes. 

2 cups sugar. 
1 teaspoon salt. 
1 cup milk. 

3 eggs. 

2 tablespoons butter. 

4 heaping teaspoons baking- 
Flour to make a soft 

Mash potatoes and beat to a cream; add other ingredients. 

This can be mixed while potatoes are warm. 



ginger can be added ; the spice will not be detected, and crullers 
will not absorb grease. If convenient add chicken fat to lard ; 
the flavor will be improved. 

Cakes. 249 


Mrs. R. S. Woodruff. 

1 quart bread sponge. 1 cup white sugar. 

1 cup melted butter and A little salt, 


Mix in a very soft dough; let it rise. Then knead down 
and let it rise again. Then knead and roll out ; fry in hot 
lard, and sugar while warm. 


Mrs.- Alice Hunter. 

1 cup butter, scant. 3 cups flour. 

3 eggs. 1 teaspoon soda in 3 table- 

1 cup nuts. spoons boiling water. 

2 cups brown sugar. 

Heat together butter and sugar, cream; add rest of in- 
gredients, and drop on buttered tins. 


Mrs. Margaret Nicolay. 

2 cups sugar. 6 tablespoons sweet milk. 

1 cup butter. - 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

3 eggs. . Vanilla to taste. 

Mix together, using flour enough to make into a stiff dough. 
Do not roll on board, but break off pieces of dough size of 
walnut and make into rings by rolling in hands. Lay an inch 
apart to bake in moderate oven. 

Mrs. F. D. Cochran. 

1 pint flour. 1 teaspoon baking powder 

J4 teaspoon salt. (rounding). 

Y^ cup butter. % cup lard. 

1 dessertspoon sugar. Milk. 

Sift flour and baking powder ; add salt, then butter, lard and 
sugar creamed. Mix to a soft dough with ice-cold milk; handle 

2 50 Cakes. 

as little as possible. Flour a board ; pat them out to about ^ 
or 24 inches thick; cut with biscuit cutter. Do not allow them 
to touch in pan. Bake in a hot oven 10 or 15 minutes. Split 
when hot, and butter them; serve with afternoon tea. 


Mrs. Sam Mayer. 

6 eggs; yolks hard-boiled, mashed with 1 raw egg; Yi pound 
butter; sugar and cinnamon to taste quite sweet; flour to make 
stiff enough to roll out thin. Bake in moderate oven. 


Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

1 lb. flour. Ya lb. powdered sugar. 

3 tablespoons cream. l /> lb. butter. 

Yolks of 4 eggs. 

Roll them out with sugar and flour % inch thick and cut 
into diamond-shaped cakes. Ice with yellow icing, strew with 
chopped and blanched almonds, and set in the oven to dry. 

The little almond cakes are delicious. 


Miss Ruth Huntington. 

1 cup sugar. 1 egg. 

l / 2 cup butter. 

Flour to roll thin ; cut in diamond shapes, cover top with a 
sand made of the white of 1 egg, sugar, and cinnamon. Put an 
almond in the center of each cake. 


Mrs. E. M. Peters. 

y 2 clip butter or lard. 1 cup milk. 

1 cup snappy cream cheese. Red pepper and salt. 

Sufficient flour to roll; cut in narrow strips, and bake to a 
light brown. If the cheese is strong it gives a better flavor. 

Cakes. 251 


Mrs. Sam Mayer. 

1 lb. light-brown sugar. 4 eggs. 

\y 2 cups flour. ij/2 teaspoons baking powder. 

1 teaspoon cinnamon. y 2 lb. pecans (whole). 

Beat very light the sugar and eggs; add the flour. Spread 
in pans y 2 inch high and bake in moderate oven almost an hour. 
Cut while hot, and remove from pan. 

Mrs. A. Seidensticker. 

2 cups brown sugar. 1 cup butter (or y 2 lard). 
Y-2 cup warm water. 1 teaspoon soda. 

3 e g"g s > beaten. 3 cups flour. 

1 teaspoon each cinnamon, \y 2 cups seeded raisins, 
cloves, allspice, and nut- 1 cup nuts, 


Mix butter and sugar; add eggs, water, and soda, then 
flour, spice, raisins, and nuts. In last cup of flour add 1 teaspoon 
baking powder. Drop from teaspoon and bake in moderate oven. 


Miss Edith Massee. 

1 cup sugar. 1 tgg, separated. 

' J / 2 cup milk. y 2 teaspoon baking powder. 

1 3/2 cups pastry flour. y 2 cup raisins or dates, cut 

y 2 cup nuts, chopped (not up. 

too fine). y 2 cup melted chocolate. 
y 2 cup butter, melted. 

Add the sugar gradually to the melted butter; add well- 
beaten yolk, then milk. Sift flour and baking powder together; 
shake some on the raisins and nuts. Add flour to the first mix- 
ture slowly, and beat until smooth. Add melted chocolate, nuts, 
and raisins; cut in the stiff whites. Drop from teaspoon on 
greased pan, 1 inch apart. Bake in moderate oven until firm 
to the touch. 

252 Cakes. 


Mrs. Lou A. Pfau. 

i l / 2 cups sugar. 3 cups flour. 

4 eggs, beaten separately. 1 large bowl chopped Eng- 

1 teaspoon vanilla. lish walnuts. 

1 box seeded raisins. 1 teaspoon soda dissolved in 

1 teaspoon cinnamon. 2 tablespoons hot water. 

1 scant cup butter. 1 teaspoon cloves. 

Drop from spoon and bake slowly. 


Mrs. Harry Woolford. 

Beat 2 eggs very light; add a pinch of salt, 7 heaping table- 
spoons flour, y 2 teaspoon baking powder, 1 cup brown sugar, 
and 1 cup of chopped nut meats. Do not roll, but drop in but- 
tered pans and bake brown. 

MARTHA ANNS (For Afternoon Tea). 

Mrs. R. C. McKinney. 

1 cup brown sugar. 2 eggs. 

y 2 cup chopped pecans. y> cup flour. 

y 2 teaspoon salt. l /4 teaspoon baking powder. 

Mix sugar with eggs ; add seasoning, flour and nuts and bak- 
ing powder. Drop small spoonful of this batter on buttered bak- 
ing sheets and bake in moderate oven. 


Mrs. Chas. H. Bonney, Boston, Mass. 

1 cup sugar. y 2 cup flour. 

2 eggs. 1 cup chopped nut meats. 
2 squares chocolate, melted. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

y 2 cup butter. 

Bake 40 minutes in a slow oven. Spread on inverted tin ; 
cut in strips while hot. 

Cakes. 253 

Miss Helen Sloneker. 

1 cup sugar. V2 cup butter. 

2 eggs, well beaten. l /i cup flour. 

3 squares melted chocolate. 1 cup chopped nuts. 

Line pan with paper and grease well. Put in cake and bake 
20 minutes. Remove when cold and cut in squares. 


Mrs. Clarence Murphy. 

1 pint powdered sugar. Flavor with a little va- 

Whites of 4 eggs, well nilla. 

Add 1 cup of chopped hickory nuts. Drop off spoon into a 
buttered pan and bake in a very slow oven. 


Miss Batchelor, Indianapolis, Ind. 

3 well-beaten eggs. 1 cup granulated sugar, 

1 teaspoon vanilla. stirred in slowly. 

1 cup dates. 1 teaspoon baking powder. 

1 cup nut meats, chopped. 

Flour to thicken as for sponge cake (about 1 cup). Bake in 
dripping pan, having batter about y 2 inch thick. Bake in a slow 
oven. Cut in sticks and roll in powdered sugar while hot, having 
sticks completely covered with sugar. 


Mrs. Brandon Millikin. 

y 2 cup butter, creamed with 1 cup sugar. 

2 eggs. 2 squares chocolate, melted. 
1 cup chopped nuts. Yi cup flour. 

Put in buttered pan ; spread until it is about 1 inch thick. 
Bake 10 minutes in moderate oven. While hot, cut in squares 
and serve with tea. 

254 Cakes. 


Mrs. Alice Hunter. 

y 2 cup butter. 4 eggs. 

1 cup raisins. Reserving whites of 2 

1 cup sugar. eggs for meringue. 

Cream butter and sugar ; add eggs well beaten ; cook in 
double boiler; put in raisins and beat till cold; fill patty crusts; 
add meringue and put in oven until brown. 


Miss Edith Massee. 

1 cup sugar. y 2 cup milk. 

]/ 2 cup butter. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

Yolks of 4 eggs. x / 2 teaspoon mace. 

2 cups flour. 

Add enough flour to roll thin (about y 2 inch thick) ; cut in 
rounds ; lay them in floured pans ; bake quickly. When cool, put 
on each a lump of currant jelly, and on this a heap of stiff frost- 
ing flavored with lemon. Set in warm oven to brown. 


Miss Mabel B. Spellman. 

2 i y 2 cups sugar. 5 cents' worth baking am- 

1 cup lard. monia. 

1 pint sweet milk. 5 cents' worth oil of lemon. 

2 eggs (whites). Flour to roll. 

Roll thick as cookies. Cut in squares ; stick with a fork 3 
or 4 times, and bake. Be careful when opening oven door on 
account of ammonia fumes. 

Cakes. 255 


Mrs. Lazard Kahn. 
6 eggs. t teaspoon cinnamon. 

34 lb. chocolate, grated. y 2 teaspoon allspice. 

x / 2 cup citron, finely cut. 1 teaspoon jelly. 

1 teaspoon vanilla. 1 cup seeded raisins. 

2 teaspoons baking powder. 6 Uneeda crackers browned 
1 cup sugar. and rolled. 

Add yolks of eggs to sugar, well beaten, then the beaten 
whites. Bake in moderate oven. 


Cookies will be more evenly browned if they are baked on 
sheets or on tins turned upside down. This allows the heat 
to reach all sides of the cookies at the same time. 


Mrs. A. M. Brate. 
Beat to a cream : 

1 cup sugar. y 2 cup sweet milk. 

y 2 cup butter. 1 egg. 

3J/2 cups flour. 3 teaspoons baking powder. 


ji cup sugar. 1 tablespoon flour. 

1 cup boiling water. 1 cup chopped raisins. 
Cook together until thickened. Roll cookie dough very 

thin ; cut out and place in tins. Put 1 teaspoon of filling on each 
cookie, then place another cookie on top, and bake until slightly 

Mrs. James Blair. 

2 cups sugar. 3 teaspoons baking powder. 
2 tablespoons butter. 4 eggs. 

4 tablespoons sweet milk. 


Mrs. H. C. Blum. 

1 cup granulated sugar. 1 teaspoon soda. 

J / 2 cup butter or lard. 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

y 2 cup sour milk or cream. Flavoring to taste. 

1 egg. 

256 Cakes. 


Mrs. O. W. Katz. 

2 cups sugar. y 2 teaspoon soda. 

r cup butter. 2 teaspoons baking powder 

1 cup sour milk. Flour to make stiff. 

3 eggs. 

Miss M. E. Ball. 

2 cups sugar. 1 teaspoon soda (level). 

1 cup lard or butter. 4 eggs (yolks). 

1 cup sour cream. Pinch of salt. 


Mrs. S. C. Kirk. 

1 cup butter. 3 cups sugar. 

2 cups sour cream. Or 3 eggs. 

i l /> cups butter. 2 teaspoons soda (level). 

i]A cups sour milk. Nutmeg to flavor. 

Cream sugar and butter; add eggs, nutmeg. Dissolve soda 
in as little hot water as possible ; add to sour cream and put 
with butter and sugar. As little flour as possible to roll out. 
Bake in moderate oven. 

Mrs. A. J. Davis. 

1 cup sugar (heaping). 2 eggs. 

Yz cup butter. Y* teaspoon soda. 

Flour to roll. 3 teaspoons hot water. 

Flavor with lemon. Roll thin and bake in quick oven. 


Mrs. Steinauer. 



cup brown sugar, 
cup shortening, 
cup molasses, 
tablespoons hot water, 
teaspoons cinnamon. 

1 teaspoon cloves 
1 teaspoon soda. 
Y2 teaspoon salt. 
Flour to stiffen. 

Cakes. 257 


Mrs. Katharine Shank. 

1 cup sugar. y 2 teaspoon soda. 

1 cup lard (heaping). 1 teaspoon ginger. 

1 cup molasses. 1 teaspoon salt. 

]/ 2 cup cold water. Flour to make soft dough. 


Mrs. J. C. Hooven. 

i teacup sugar. 4 eggs. 

[ teacup butter. 2 tablespoons ginger. 

)A teacup water. 2 tablespoons cinnamon. 

1 pint New Orleans mo- 1 tablespoon salt, 

lasses. 1 tablespoon soda. 
Flour to make stiff batter. 

Drop on floured tins and bake. 


Mrs. William Hitchcock and Mrs. Chauncey Newton. 

1 cup light-brown sugar. 2 teaspoons soda. 

1 cup lard. 2 teaspoons ginger. 

Y$ cup boiling water. 2 teaspoons cinnamon. 

2 cups New Orleans mo- Flour to make soft dough. 


Mix lard and sugar ; add hot water, then molasses and other 
ingredients. Be careful not to get too stiff. Roll thin. 


Mrs. C. W. Gath. 

2 cups granulated sugar. 3 eggs. 

y 2 cup lard and butter 2 cups raisins. 

mixed. 1 teaspoon soda. 

y 2 cup sour milk. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

2 cups rolled oats. 1 teaspoon ginger. 

2 cups white flour. 

Drop from tip of a teaspoon on to a well-greased pan. Al- 
low room for the cakes to spread without sticking to each other. 

258 Cakes. 


Mrs. Almon Davis. 

1 cup sugar. 1 teaspoon soda. 

1 cup butter. 1 teaspoon salt. 

1 cup sweet milk. 1 grated nutmeg. 

1 cup raisins. Oatmeal to stiffen. 

Cream butter and sugar, and add as much oatmeal as mix- 
ture will moisten. Add raisins cut in two, and flour enough to 
handle. Make into thin cakes by rolling a bit of dough in the 
hands and flattening. Bake in slow oven. 


Mrs. Elmer R. Shipley and Mrs. E. H. Ells, Oxford, Ohio. 

2 cups sugar (coffee A). 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 
1 cup butter, melted. 5 tablespoons milk. 

1 cup raisins. 2 eggs. 

2 cups flour. 3 cups Mother's Oats. 

1 teaspoon soda. 

Drop from point of a knife and far enough apart to allow 
them to spread. Bake slowly 15 or 20 minutes. 


Mrs. J. L. Garver. 

2 cups granulated sugar. 1 cup sweet milk. 

t cup shortening. Flavoring to taste. 

2 teaspoons baking powder. 

Roll very thin and bake in quick oven. 


Miss Edith Clawson. 

2 cups sugar. 3 eggs. 

1 cup butter. 3 teaspoons soda, level. 

5 cups flour (probably % teaspoon salt. 

scant). Vanilla or spices. 

y 2 cup molasses. 

Roll very thin. 

Cakes. 259 


Mrs. Edward Frechtling. 

1 cup sugar. 2 tablespoons milk. 

1 cup butter. 1 tablespoon caraway seed, 

cups bread flour. % teaspoon soda. 

2 eggs. Few grains salt. 

Beat butter until creamy, then add the sugar gradually, 
while beating constantly. Add 1 egg, unbeaten. Continue the 
beating and add another egg, then add soda dissolved in the 
milk, then salt, flour, and caraway seed. Toss on a floured board 
and roll % inch in thickness. Bake in moderate oven. 


Mrs. John D. Andrews. 

1 cup butter, heaping. 1 quart flour. 

1 pint light-brown sugar. 2 teaspoons baking powder, 
4 eggs. heaping. 


Mrs. Chauncey Newton. 

2 cups light-brown sugar. 2 eggs. 

1 cup lard. 1 teaspoon soda. 

8 tablespoons water. 1 teaspoon cream tartar. 

Pinch of salt. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

Flour to make soft dough (pastry) ; mix sugar and lard; add 
beaten eggs, water, flavoring, and salt. Soda and cream of tar- 
tar in the flour. Roll thin and bake on oiled tins. 


Miss Cora Long. 

2 cups brown sugar. J / 2 teaspoon cloves and all- 
1 cup butter. spice. 

3 cups flour. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 
1 cup seeded raisins. 1 teaspoon soda, level. 
3 eggs. 1 tablespoon hot water. 

Eggs are to be beaten in one at a time. Dissolve soda in 
hot water. Add more flour if not stiff enough to drop from 

260 Cakes. 


Miss Cora M. Frechtling. 

I. Cinnamon Stars. 

Whites of 6 eggs. 2 teaspoons cinnamon. 
1 lb. pulverized sugar. Grated rind of 1 lemon. 

1 lb. almonds unshelled, or Flour enough to roll. 

y 2 lb. shelled. 

Beat whites of eggs to a froth ; add cinnamon, sugar, and 
grated rind ; set aside 1 cupful, to the remainder add chopped 
almonds, which should be floured, and enough flour to roll. Roll 
a little at a time ; cut with a star cutter, and place in greased 
pan. Take the remaining cupful and spread a little on each cake. 
They bake very quickly. Take out of pan while hot. 

II. Pepper Nuts. 

1 lb. sugar (pulverized). 4 eggs. 
y lb. citron. Rind of 1 lemon. 

1 tablespoon cinnamon. 1 teaspoon cloves. 

y 2 teaspoon baking powder. 2 cups flour. 

Cut citron in small pieces and flour. Beat each egg sepa- 
rately. Mix sugar, eggs, citron, cinnamon, and cloves together; 
to this add the flour and baking powder, which should be mixed 
separately. Drop with a spoon in a greased pan and place far 
apart ; watch carefully ; moderate oven. 


Mrs. A. Ballinger. 

1 cup sugar. J / 2 teaspoon cinnamon. 

2 tablespoons chocolate. J / 2 lb. English walnuts, cut 
y 2 teaspoon cloves. fine. 

1 teaspoon baking powder. 10 cents' worth of dates cut 

Yolks of 6 eggs. fine. 

y 2 teaspoon allspice. 

Beat the whites of the eggs slightly, and add last. Bake in 
a spring form. 

Cakes. 261 


Mrs. Sam D. Fitton, Jr. 

1 cup dates, chopped. 1 cup walnuts, chopped. 

1 cup sugar. ^ cup flour. 

y 2 teaspoon soda. 3 eggs. 

Put together like cake. Hake in biscuit pan. After taking 
from oven pour 1 cup hot milk over it. Serve hot with whipped 


Mrs. Carlos Gressle and Miss Frances Caldwell. 

1 cup sugar. 5 tablespoons sour milk. 

Yi cup butter. 1 teaspoon soda. 

1 cup raisins or currants. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

2 cups flour. Pinch of salt. 
2 cups oats (Quaker). 2 eggs, beaten. 

Mix oats, flour, soda, and salt together, dry. Melt butter 
and cream with sug-ar ; beat in the eggs ; stir in sour milk, then 
chopped raisins. Drop on buttered pans and bake slowly. 


Mrs. W. B. Shuler. 

1 1 /> cups sugar. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

1 cup butter. 1 teaspoon nutmeg. 

2 cups Maple Flake. 1 teaspoon cloves. 

2 cups raisins. Yi teaspoon soda, 
cups flour. Pinch of salt. 

3 eggs. 


Mrs. G. P. Stevenson. 

1 cup brown sugar. 1 teaspoon baking powder, 

'4 cup lard. heaping. 

1 cup molasses. 1 teaspoon soda, heaping. 

t cup cold tea. 2 teaspoons ginger. 

3 cups flour. Pinch of salt. 

1 eg& 




You Want 

Ice Cream, 

Ices, or 

Fruit Punches, 


Salted Almonds, 


Coffee Cakes, 

Good, Sweet, 

Wholesome Bread, 



Meringue or 

Whipped Cream, 

Call at the 

Elite Bakery 

212 High Street, 

If ce~ Creams* 


Mrs. J. C. Hooven. 

2 quarts pure cream. i 11). powdered sugar. 

Beaten whites of 4 eggs. 

Flavor to taste, then freeze. 


Mrs. E. A. Belden. 
1 pint granulated sugar. 1 cup hot water. 

Boil in saucepan until it hairs. Dissolve 2 tablespoons cocoa 
in 3 tablespoons of the boiling syrup ; add to the other and boil 
until it thickens. Vanilla to taste. Chocolate may be used in- 
stead of cocoa. 


Mrs. G. A. Rentschler. 

Take 1 quart good, fresh cream and boil in a double boiler, 
during which time 3^011 whip whites of 6 fresh eggs into a stiff 
froth. Then add the yolks of 4 eggs and J^ pound powdered 
sugar and y 2 ounce of vanilla. (Use a vanilla bean instead of 
the extract to flavor.) Stir well with a willow broom. Turn 
into this, little by little, your boiling cream. This concluded, 
return it to the fire and give 3 or 4 boils, then pour through a 
sieve, stirring it to facilitate its passing through, when it will 
be ready to be put into the freezer. 


Mrs. Wm. Allen. 

Squeeze 1 dozen lemons. Make the juice quite thick with 
sugar. Stir into this very slowly 3 quarts of cream, and freeze. 
Orange cream is prepared in the same way, using less sugar. 
10 265 

266 Ice-C 



Mrs. A. G. Gates, Indianapolis, Ind. 

i pint whipped cream. I dozen marshmallows, cut 

t pint cut strawberries. fine. 

Cover strawberries with plenty of sugar and let stand ]/i 
hour. Add berries and marshmallows to whipped cream, and 
whip all together lightly with a wire egg-beater until well 
mixed; pour into mold and set on ice for about 2 hours. Serve 
with lady fingers. 


Mrs. Wm. Allen. 

Sprinkle I cup of sugar over i quart of berries. Mash to a 
pulp ; let stand until sugar is dissolved. Press through fine sieve 
until nothing remains but seeds. Add to the juice 2 pints of 
cream, which has been scalded and cooled. Add sugar to make 
it quite sweet. Then freeze. 


Mrs. G. A. Rentschler. 

Put 2 tablespoons of crushed loaf-sugar in a saucepan with 
i quart water, and boil together for y 2 hour. Put 2 quarts of 
picked, ripe strawberries into the syrup and boil for 15 minutes 
longer. Let the strawberries and syrup cool, then turn them 
into the freezing pot and work them until frozen. Mix in with 
the frozen strawberries 1 pint whipped cream and serve. 


Miss Clara Spellman. 

1 quart cream. 4 cups sugar. 

1 quart milk. 1 tablespoon vanilla. 

Yz box gelatine. 1 lb. macaroons. 

Soak the gelatine in just enough water to cover it. Heat 
1 pint of milk scalding hot, but do not boil. Pour over the gela- 
tine and dissolve it, then strain into the cream. Add the rest 
of the milk, the sugar, and flavoring. Put in freezer, and when 
about 2 /z frozen open freezer and add the whites of eggs beaten 
stiff and the macaroons crushed to a powder. Freeze solid. 

Ice-Creams. 267 


Mrs. Joseph Wolf. 

34 cup maple sugar. 1 pint whipped cream. 

Yolks of 5 eggs. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

Beat egg's and syrup together and cook in double boiler. 
Let cool, add the cream, and freeze in mold packed in ice. 


Mrs. Eugene Griffis. 

1^2 cups milk. 2 eggs. 

1 cup granulated sugar. 1 quart cream. 

Put milk on in double boiler and heat. Separate eggs. 
Cream yolks with sugar; beat whites until stiff, and add; then 
hot milk, and cook until it begins to get thick. Let cool, and add 
cream, 1 teaspoon of vanilla, and caramel. 


1 cup of granulated sugar. Put on stove in pan to melt 
and burn. Then add y 2 cup of boiling water. When cool, freeze. 


Mrs. Lynn Forbes. 

4 eggs slightly beaten. 1 cup maple sugar heated to boiling. 
Pour slowly into beaten eg'gs and cook in double boiler until 
thick enough to coat the spoon, like custard or cream. Stir con- 
stantly and remove from fire as soon as thick enough, or it may 
curdle. Cool. Whip 1 pint of heavy cream, and add the other 
mixture when it is quite cool. This may be packed in a mold 
or pound baking powder cans to freeze, or put in freezer with- 
out dasher. It does not need to be stirred while freezing. 


Miss Marie Shuler. 

Cut cake into rounds Y inch thick and 4 inches in diameter. 
Place a cone of ice-cream on each round of cake and cover with 
meringue. Brown quickly in a hot oven and serve immediately. 
A candied cherry can be placed in the center of each either 
before or after baking. 

268 Ice-Creams. 


Mrs. John Ross. 

Dilute i pint of heavy cream with 2 cups milk and the juice 
of 6 oranges, with enough sugar to sweeten. Freeze, pack in 
individual molds ; when serving, decorate with candied violets 
or cherries and a little shredded cocoanut, or stick a tiny flag in 
the top of each mold. Raspberry sauce for this delicacy may 
be passed in silver pitcher. 1 quart red raspberries mashed ; 
1 cup powdered sugar ; boil for 3 minutes ; press through sieve 
and cool. 


Mrs. Louise F. Powell. 

4 lemons. V2 cup crystallized ginger. 

2 oranges. 1 quart water. 

2 l / 2 cups sugar. 

Add the juice from oranges and lemons to the water and 
sugar, and bring to a boil ; cool and freeze, adding the ginger 
cut into small pieces when the ice is about 2 /z frozen. This 
should serve nine persons. 


Mrs. Wm. Allen. 

1 pint lemon juice. 1 lb. sugar. 

1 quart water. 6 eggs (whites). 

Stir in the eggs after you have partly frozen other ingre- 


Miss Clara Spellman. 

2 tablespoons gelatine. 2 cups sugar. 
1 can grated pineapple. 2 lemons. 

Soak the gelatine in two cups of cold water 15 minutes, then 
dissolve in 2 cups of boiling water. Mix pineapple, sugar, and 
juice of 2 lemons. Then strain the gelatine into the fruit, and 
it is ready for freezing. 

Ice-Creams. 269 


Mrs. John M. Wi throw. 

Boil rice in milk until tender ; add sugar to taste, whipped 
cream flavored, and chopped, blanched almonds. Put in a mold 
and pack in ice for 4 hours, and serve with fresh or stewed fruit. 

Mrs, G. A. Rentschler. 

1 quart milk. 2 cups granulated sugar. 

Whites of 2 eggs (beaten 7 lemons, 


(2 lemons and 7 oranges for orange ice.) 

Freeze slightly milk and sugar, then add fruit juice, and 
lastly whites of eggs, and freeze stiff. 

ROYAL MOUSSE (Prize Pudding). 
Mrs. Albert Hoffman, Mt. Sterling, Ky. 

1 pint cream. % cup sugar. 

1 cup raisins. 1 ounce Baker's chocolate, 

1 cup nuts. grated. 

Whip cream stiff; add sugar and vanilla to taste. Roll 
raisins and nuts in sugar. Have molds chilled. Put in a layer 
of whipped cream, then a layer of chocolate, a layer of cream, 
and one of raisins, a layer of cream and one of nuts. Continue 
alternating until the mold is filled. Pack for 4 hours. Serve on 
a larger dish with whipped cream around it. 


Mrs. C. E. Schenk. 

Soak 1 teaspoon powdered gelatine in cold water, dissolving 
it over hot water. Stir this into the pulp of 1 dozen peaches ; 
add juice of y 2 lemon. Whip 1 pint of cream, and chill. Stir 
the peach mixture in pan of ice water till it begins to thicken, 
then fold in the cream. Pour into a mold, cover tightly, and 
pack in ice and salt to harden. 

270 Ice- Creams. 

Mrs. Lou A. Pfau. 

Juice of 6 oranges. 1 cup sugar. 

Juice of 2 lemons. 1 tablespoon gelatine. 

Dissolve gelatine in cold water. Mix together and put in 
freezer. Then take 1 pint of cream whipped stiff, y 2 cup pow- 
dered sugar, 1 teaspoon vanilla. Pour this on top of mixture, 
pack as for freezing, and let stand 4 hours. 


Mrs. A. Ballinger. 

Whip 1 pint cream light and frothy. Take a generous cup 
of maple syrup and heat ; add to it the well-beaten yolks of 
2 or 3 eggs, stirring until the eggs thicken the syrup. Take 
from the fire at once and place pan in disk of ice water; beat 
the mixture until it is light and cold; gently fold in the well- 
beaten cream. Pack in a bucket of ice (with plenty of coarse 
salt on ice) and allow it to stand for 3 or 4 hours. 


Mrs. H. L. Scott. 

Boil 1 quart cranberries with 1 pint water 5 or 6 minutes. 
Strain. Add 1 good pint sugar; boil and stir until dissolved. 
When cold, add l /i pint water, juice of 2 lemons. Freeze. Nice 
to serve in place of stewed cranberries. 


Recipe for Good Dressing 

HAVE the best of materials— add an unlimited amount of 
style and ginger — see that the article of dress has the 
Heyman-Fisher Label, and you have all the requisites for 
Good Dressing, for every season and to suit every taste. 

Caterers to Men's ^j6<^ I LI? ^^ 

Fashion Appetites ^^Y^tf****** - ^^AA-r' — 

We Mathes-Sohngen Co. 


Millinery, Coats, Suits, Dresses, 
Dry Goods 

Are always being shown here; every change in the trend of the 
styles being particularly noted. 

We anticipate the wants of our patrons and secure for 
them the fullest values, for their money, that the markets afford. 

Complete in every detail are our stocks of 

Rugs, Carpets, Linoleums, Win- 
dow Shades, Draperies, etc. 



We Pay Interest Quarterly 

The Hamilton Dime Savings Bank Co. 
capital, $ 1 00,000.00 surplus, $50,000.00 



Candy-making- should be taught and acquired as one of 
the most useful of womanly accomplishments. 

Granulated sugar is preferable. Flavoring should always 
be added after candy is removed from the fire. 

Remember that much depends on the proper cooking and 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

2 cups dark-brown sugar. I cup water. 

Stir thoroughly before putting over fire. Let cook until 
the syrup will form soft ball when dropped into cold water. Set 
away until cool enough to bear finger; beat until it creams. 
Knead in the hands, adding gradually I teaspoon of vanilla. 
Form in small pieces and top with pecan meats. 


Mrs. P. W. Fischbach. 

To whatever measure of sugar you use, add half as much 
water. Boil the syrup rapidly over a quick fire to the soft-ball 
degree. Do not stir the syrup while boiling, as this would cause 
it to grain. When the syrup is done, set it away from the fire 
and let it stand until about lukewarm. Now commence to stir 
with a wooden paddle. Commence to stir round and round, 
always in the same direction ; keep the syrup away from the 
sides of the kettle, so that it will not grain or form in lumps. 
Presently the edges will begin to show white and dry. The 
mass must now be laid on a marble slab or kneading board, 
which may be dusted with flour, cornstarch, or confectioner's 
sugar, and kneaded until it is soft and creamy. This is better 
if allowed to stand 24 hours before using. Place in an earthen- 
ware bowl and cover with two or three layers of cloth wrung 
out, so as to be moist, but not wet. 


274 Candy. 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

3 cups granulated sugar. I cup warm water. 

Stir until almost dissolved. Cook until it forms a soft ball 
when dropped in cold water. When cool enough to bear finger, 
beat until it creams. 

Add any flavors desired. Candied fruits, nuts, maraschino 
cherries, cocoanut, or other choice sweets may be combined with 
the fondant in infinite variety. 


Mrs. Belle Line Hiteshue. 

2 cups granulated sugar. Lump of butter size of 

y 2 cup white corn syrup. an egg. 

J / 2 cup boiling water. White of i egg. 

i teaspoon vanilla. I cup of nut meats. 

Cook first three ingredients until it spins a thread ; then 
add butter and vanilla, and let stand 5 minutes ; then pour 
slowly over the beaten egg (white) and beat until it retains its 
shape. Add nut meats and spread in buttered tins. 


Mrs. C. E. Woolford. 

4 cups sugar. Y\ cup vinegar. 

2 cups water. 2 teaspoons vanilla, 

i cup thin cream. y 2 teaspoon soda, 

i teaspoon butter. 

Boil until it will crack when dropped into cold water; pour 
into a buttered pan to cool, then pull until white. 


Mrs. P. W. Fischbach. 

To the white of I egg add the same measure of water and 
]/ 2 teaspoon of vanilla. Stir into this, a little at a time, sufficient 
confectioner's sugar to make a cream stiff enough to handle. 
Such a cream can be made into balls and dipped in melted choco- 
late, or used for stuffing dates, or for walnut or almond creams. 

Candy. 275 


Mrs. C. L. Wright. 

2 cups granulated sugar. 3 teaspoons cocoa. 
Y\ cup sweet milk. 

Cream together and cook. Time, 4 minutes from time it 
commences to boil good all over. Then move from fire and 
cool until you can bear your finger in it. Then beat until it 
will hold shape. Drop on buttered plate with spoon. 


Mrs. Harry Schipper. 

3 cups brown sugar. 1 cup chopped walnuts. 
1 cup boiling water. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 

Whites of 2 eggs. 

Put the sugar and water into a saucepan over the fire and 
stir until sugar has dissolved. Then cook without stirring until 
the mixture threads. Remove, and when it stops boiling pour 
it gradually over the stiffly beaten whites of the eggs. Beat 
several minutes ; add flavoring, continuing the beating until 
very stiff and creamy. Then add the nuts. Drop upon paraffin 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

1 cup sugar. 1 cup maple syrup. 

4 tablespoons water. 

Cook until it strings from spoon, and pour into the stiffly 
beaten white of 1 egg. If desired, chopped nuts may be added. 

Miss Ruth Hunter. 

2 cups granulated sugar. Pinch of salt. 

1 cup milk. y 2 lb. marshmallows. 

3 tablespoons cocoa. Vanilla to taste. 
Lump of butter. 

Mix sugar and cocoa ; add milk, butter, salt, and let boil 
over slow fire. Then add marshmallows and let cook until it 

276 Candy. 

forms soft ball in water. Add vanilla. Take from fire; let cool; 
then beat and pour on buttered pans and cut in small squares. 


Miss Augusta Curtis Parrish. 

Put 3 cups granulated sugar, y^ cup Baker's chocolate, 1 
tablespoon butter, y 2 cup milk, y 2 cup water, and a pinch of salt 
into a saucepan ; stir until melted and boil, stirring occasionally 
until the syrup forms a soft ball when tried in cold water. Re- 
move from fire and add a teaspoon of vanilla. Stand the pan in 
a cool place until you can put your finger clear to the bottom of 
the mixture, then beat until it is stiff and crumbly. Take out 
on board and knead till smooth. Form into a long roll and cut 
in pieces like the oval caramels. 


Miss Allene Snider. 

2 cups granulated sugar. 2 tablespoons butter. 

3 tablespoons cocoa. 1 small teaspoon vanil 
24 cup milk. 


Cook first three ingredients over hot fire until they form 
soft balls when tested in cold water. Take from fire, add butter 
and vanilla, and let stand for 5 minutes. Beat until creamy. 
Pour on buttered plates. 


Mrs. Hinckley Smith. 

3 cups light-brown sugar. Add "enough milk or 

1 cup granulated sugar. cream to mix well. 

Cook over a slow fire until the ingredients are melted, then 
over a quick fire, stirring all the while. Add a good-sized lump 
of butter. When the ingredients form a soft ball in cold water, 
remove from the fire and add 2 or 3 drops of vanilla. When cool, 
beat until it begins to thicken. Pour into buttered plates. Nuts 
may be added before pouring on plates. Cut into squares. 

Candy. 277 


Mrs. Harry Schipper. 

2 cups sugar. Butter size of an egg. 
1 cup milk. l /> cup chocolate. 

Cook; stir continually until bubbles break slowly. Add y 2 
pound walnuts and l /> pound seedless raisins. Stir until stiff, 
and pour into buttered pans. When cool cut into squares. 


Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

3 cups white sugar. 1 tablespoon butter. 

1 cup cream. % cake of chocolate. 

Put in the sugar and cream, and when this becomes hot put 
in the chocolate, broken up into fine pieces. Stir vigorously and 
constantly. Put in butter when it begins to boil. Stir until it 
creams when beaten on a saucer. Then remove and beat until 
quite cool, and pour into buttered tins. When cold, cut in 
diamond-shaped pieces. 


Miss Allene Snider. 

2 cups sugar. 3 tablespoons butter. 
y 2 cup corn syrup. 2 tablespoons cream. 
l / 2 cup milk. 1 teaspoon vanilla. 
Y% teaspoon cream of tartar. 1 cup nut meats. 

Cook first four ingredients very slow until they form a good 
ball in cold water; i. e., a little more than a soft ball. Take 
from fire; add butter and vanilla, and beat for a few minutes; 
then add the cream and beat until hard. Add nut meats and 
turn in buttered tins. 


Miss Grace Henninger. 

2.y 2 cups granulated sugar. y 2 cup hot water. 

y 2 cup corn syrup. 

Dissolve the syrup with the hot water, then add to the 
sugar and boil until, when dropped in water, it forms a hard ball. 

278 Candy. 

Then take it from the fire and let it cool for 2 or 3 minutes. 
Add this to the whites of 3 eggs beaten stiff. Add 1 cup of 
nuts and beat as long as possible. Drop from a spoon on to a 
buttered platter. 


Mrs. H. C. Blum. 

2 cups granulated sugar. ]/ 2 cup water. 

3/2 cup corn syrup. 

Mix water and syrup ; pour syrup over sugar ; beat for 1 
minute, then cook on slow fire until it cracks in water; set off 
to cool. Beat whites of 2 eggs stiff. Pour syrup over eggs, and 
beat. Add 1 teaspoon vanilla extract, then drop in 1 cup of nut 
kernels, and when stiff pour on buttered pan. 


Miss Gussie Pfau. 
1 can condensed milk. y 2 pint sweet cream. 

Mix, and reserve y 2 the mixture. To the rest add i]/ 2 pounds 
(3 cups) sugar, % pound glucose, and cook over a slow fire 
until half done. Then set off the stove. Break up 2 l / 2 ounces 
of chocolate and melt over hot water ; add the reserved cream, 
a little at a time, until chocolate is dissolved. Strain into the 
candy, which has been cooking, return to the stove, and cook to 
a soft ball. Pour into buttered tins to 34 inch in depth. When 
cool, cut into cubes. 


Miss Allene Snider. 

2^/2 cups sugar. 2 cups whole milk (not 

y 2 cup corn syrup. skimmed). 

l / 2 cup butter. 2 J / 2 squares of Baker's choco- 

Y^ teaspoon cream tartar. late. 
1 teaspoon vanilla. 

Put the sugar, corn syrup, butter, cream of tartar, and 1 cup 
of milk on the fire. Stir constantly, and when the mass has 
boiled for a few minutes, gradually stir in the rest of the milk. 
Do not let the mixture stop boiling while the milk is being added. 

Candy. 279 

Stir every few minutes, and cook until a hard ball may be 
formed in cold water. Add chocolate and vanilla, and beat them 
through the candy. Then turn into 2 buttered pans. When 
nearly cold, cut into squares. 


Miss Grace Henninger. 

2 cups granulated sugar. Small lump of butter. 

Y\ cup vinegar. Vanilla. 
J4 cup water. 

Stir well before placing on the stove. Do not stir while 

cooking. Boil it until it forms a hard ball when dropped in 

water. Pour into buttered tins and let it cool. When suffi- 
ciently cooled, pull until white. 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

1 lb. light-brown sugar. Lump of butter size of 

1 tablespoon vinegar. walnut. 

Cook until it will form ball when dropped in water. Pour 
on greased platter, and when cool pull until light in color. Cut 
in pieces. 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

1 lb. light-brown sugar. 1 lump butter size of wal- 

1 cup water. nut. 

1 tablespoon vinegar. 

Cook until syrup will form soft ball when dropped in cold 
water. Have greased platter ready, with layer of nut meats 
on bottom. Pour on syrup, cool, and pull until light in color. 
Cut in pieces. 


Mrs. C. E. Woolford. 

Boil together a cupful of molasses, one of brown sugar, and 
a tablespoonful each of butter and vinegar. When a drop 
hardens in cold water, remove from the fire, beat in small tea- 
spoonful of baking soda; beat hard as long as you can make 
the spoon move, then pour into a buttered pan. 

280 Candy. 


Miss Gussie Pfau. 

Boil together a cupful each of Orleans molasses and brown 
sugar, i tablespoon vinegar, and 2 tablespoons of butter. When 
a little dropped into cold water is brittle, remove from the fire, 
add 1 teaspoon (scant) soda, and 1 cup roasted peanuts. Beat 
hard and pour into buttered tins. 


Miss Helen D. Rentchler. 

i l / 2 cups granulated sugar. ^4 CU P water. 

l /i cup vinegar. 

Boil until it spins a thread; add butter the size of an egg. 
When that is dissolved, remove from fire and add a teaspoon 
vanilla. Pour over corn, stirring well all the time. Then form 
balls. This requires 4 quarts of popped corn. 


Miss Mabel B. Spellman. 

1 cup coffee A sugar. 3 tablespoons Orleans mo- 

y 2 cup water. lasses. 

Butter size of an egg. Alum size of a pea. 

Cook sugar, etc., in large kettle until brittle when dropped 
in cold water. Add pinch of soda when it begins to boil. When 
mixture is brittle add. 6 quarts popped corn and stir until the 
corn is covered. Pour out on board and press flat. 


Mrs. Harry Woolford. 

Boil to a hard snap 34 CU P butter, 

J / 2 cup sugar, ]/ 2 tablespoon vinegar, 

y 2 cup molasses, y 2 teaspoon soda, 

stirring sufficiently to prevent burning. Flavor to taste, after 
removing from the fire. Butter a tin and pour out the syrup in 
a thin layer, which may be checked off in any desired shape 
when nearly cold with a sharp knife. Wrap in a piece of waxed 

Candy. 281 


Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

Melt a pound of brown sugar in a pan without water, and 
when dissolved add ^ pound of butter beaten to a cream, and 
keep constantly stirring. Flavor with an ounce of ground ginger. 


Mrs. Hinckley Smith. 

Make a fondant just a little stiff er than for cake dressing, 
flavored with almond. Add chopped dates or figs ; let get very 
cold, then mold into small balls and roll in granulated sugar 
as you would roll stuffed dates. 


Mrs. Harry Woolford. 

Mix seeded raisins, figs, dates, or any desired sweetmeats, 
and chop them together. Knead the whole with enough fondant 
to give consistency to the mass, which should be very rich and 
nearly all fruit. Roll this on a molding board dusted with flour 
or confectioner's sugar into a roll y 2 inch thick and 1 inch or 
more in width. Roll out plain white fondant 34 mcn thick and 
4 inches in width, and roll up the fruit roll in the plain fondant 
as a cover. Let stand over night, then cut into 4-inch lengths. 


Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

Cut choice dates open on one side and remove the seeds. 
Fill the open space in the dates with a strip of preserved ginger 
or pineapple, chopped nuts, or chopped nuts mixed with white 
or chocolate fondant ; press the dates into a compound form to 
keep in the filling, then dip them one by one in chocolate. 


Mrs. P. W. Fischbach. 

Boil 2 cups of brown sugar with ^ CU P °f milk until a soft 
ball can be formed when dropped into cold water. Remove from 

282 Candy. 

the fire and add 1 tablespoon of butter, 1 teaspoon of vanilla, 
and 1 cup of finely chopped nut meats. Beat till creamy and 
thick. Pour on buttered plates, and when firm cut into squares. 


Mrs. P. W. Fischbach. 

2 cups white sugar. 1 cup chopped English wal- 

l / 2 cup boiling water. nuts. 

y 2 cup syrup. Whites of 2 eggs. 

1 teaspoon vanilla. 

Boil together the sugar, water, and syrup until the mixture 
becomes crisp when dropped in water. Add vanilla and nuts to 
stiffly beaten whites of eggs. Pour hot syrup over all and beat 
until stiff. Turn into a bread pan, and when the loaf is cold 
cut into slices or squares. 


Miss Adele Molyneaux. 

1 ounce gelatine. 2 cups sugar. 

y 2 cup cold water. 34 teaspoon tartaric acid. 

1 cup boiling water. 

Dissolve gelatine in cold water. Add hot water and sugar, 
and boil quickly 20 minutes, stirring well. When done put in 
acid, flavoring, and coloring. Pour into buttered tins and set 
away over night. Cut in squares and roll in powdered sugar. 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

1 cup brown sugar. 2 ounces butter. 

Yi cup New Orleans mo- y 2 teaspoon vanilla, 

lasses. 1 pint pecan meats. 

1 cup cream. 

Boil the first four ingredients until, when tried in cold 
water, a soft ball is formed, stirring constantly. Pour this over 
the meats and stir until it begins to sugar. Drop from tip of 
spoon in small bits on buttered pans. 

Candy. 283 

Mrs. R. L. Coleman. 

2y 2 cups brown sugar. ]/$ cup hot water. 

% cup cream. 1 pinch of soda. 

When mixture begins to boil add one tablespoon of butter. 
Lay Yz pound of pecans on buttered dish and pour candy over 
them after it has cooked long enough to form a ball when tried 
in cold water. 


Mrs. A. V. Fitzgerald. 

Select nuts that are plump at the ends. Use them without 
blanching. Brush, to remove the dust; melt chocolate, and 
when cooled properly drop the nuts, one at a time, into the 
center of it ; push the nuts under the fork, then drop onto 
waxed paper or oilcloth. In removing the fork make a design 
on the top of each nut. These are easily prepared and are 
particularly good. 


Mrs. E. Frechtling. 

1 envelope Knox sparkling 10 grains salt, and flavoring 

gelatine. to taste. 

2 cups or 1 pint granulated 


Soak the gelatine in 10 tablespoons of cold water. Heat the 
sugar with 10 tablespoons water till dissolved. Add gelatine 
to syrup, and let stand till partly cooled. Add salt and flavor- 
ing, beat with a whip until too stiff, then with large spoon 
until only soft enough to settle into a sheet. Dust granite pans 
thickly with confectioner's sugar. Pour in candy about Yi inch 
deep. Set in cool place until thoroughly chilled. Turn out, 
cut in cubes, and roll in confectioner's sugar. 

284 Candy. 


Mrs. P. W. Fischbach. 

1 tablespoon strained Y / 2 teaspoon almond extract, 

honey. White of 1 egg. 

1/^2 cups boiling water. 1 heaping teaspoon butter. 
1 cup granulated sugar. 

Sugar, honey, and butter should be put into boiling water, 
stirred until dissolved, then cooked slowly until the syrup 
threads. Add the almond extract and pour the syrup on the 
beaten white of egg. Beat until cool. Drop on waxed paper. 
Decorate with nuts if liked. These drops should be soft, creamy, 
and white. 


Miss Almeda Cockerill. 

4 cups sugar. 1 cup boiling water. 

1 box Knox sparkling gela- Vanilla. 


Dissolve the gelatine in 1 cup of cold water. Add the tablet 
if a pink color is desired. Boil sugar and water until, when 
dropped from a spoon, the syrup threads. Pour the syrup over 
the gelatine and beat 30 minutes or until the mixture becomes 
too stiff to beat. Pour into a pan in which pulverized sugar 
has been sifted. Sift the sugar over the top. Cut in squares 
when cool. These are better the second day. 

Mrs. Harry Schipper. 

2 cups granulated sugar. 1 rounding tablespoon but- 
1 cup water. ter. 

Boil the sugar, water, and butter until it is very brittle when 
dropped into cold water. 

Add )4 teaspoon of essence of peppermint. Put into a 
greased pan to cool. When cool enough to handle pull till white, 
then cut off small pieces with scissors, roll in powdered sugar, 
then pour into glass jar with tight cover for 3 or 4 days, when 
they will have become creamy and melt in the mouth. 


If you are looking for the best, then buy the 







If you buy Richelieu goods you will be sure to be pleased. 

We are Sole Agents for the above Brand of 

Groceries in HAMILTON 


The Home of the 

Christmas Savings Club 


Are welcome at this bank and their attention is 
called to its Christmas Savings Club and Interest De- 
partment, where deposited money earns a safe in- 
terest rate. Many women pay their household 
and personal bills by a check account system, 
which furnishes receipts for bills paid. 

Financial advice is always available for de- 

We solicit your account. 

The Citizens Savings Bank & Trust Co. 




Canned fruit is preserved, sterilized fruit in sterilized, air- 
tight jars; sugar being added to give sweetness. Fruits may be 
canned without sugar if perfectly sterilized ; that is, freed from 
all germ life. 

Can each kind of fruit in its season, when it is best and 
cheapest. Select it under-ripe rather than over-ripe. There are 
several methods of canning, and while the principle is the same 
in all methods, the conditions under which the housekeeper 
must do her work may, in her case, make one method more 
convenient than another. The following three methods are 
considered the best and easiest. These are : Cooking the fruit 
in jars in an oven; cooking the fruit in jars in boiling water; 
and stewing the fruit before it is put into the jars. When the 
fruit is cold, wipe the jars with a wet cloth. Paste on labels 
and put the jars on shelves in a cool, dark closet. 

To Sterilize Jars. 

For small family use pint jars. Have covers fit tight, and 
fit each with new rubber rings. Old rings are porous and let 
in the air. After you have seen that your jars, covers, and 
rings are in good condition, the next thing is to wash and steril- 
ize them. Have two pans partially filled with cold water. Put 
some jars in one, laying them on their sides, and some covers 
in the other. Place the pans on the stove where the water will 
heat to the boiling point. The water should boil at least ten 
minutes. In a shallow pan sterilize all spoons, cups, funnels, etc., 
to be used. When ready to put fruit in jars, drain the jars free 
of water. 

Directions for Putting Fruit into Jars. 

i. Take jar from boiling water and set on wet cloth or tray. 

2. Put sterilized spoon and funnel in jar. 

3. Pour in the boiling fruit. 


288 Preserves. 

4. Dip rubbers in boiling" water and put them on the jars 


5. Fill jars to overflowing. 

6. Put on sterilized cover, and screw tight. 

7. Turn upside down. 

The method for canning mostly used is the stewing process; 
it is therefore the only one that will be given. 


Boil sugar and water 10 minutes to make a thin syrup; 
then cook a small quantity of the fruit at a time in the syrup; 
by so doing fruit may be kept in perfect shape. It saves time 
to have two or more kettles of syrup on the stove, each with 
enough syrup for one can. Add the fruit in rotation to the 
boiling syrup, that one can may be taken up as soon as the last 
one is done. Test if soft with a silver fork. Set the sterilized 
jar in a small pan and fill to overflowing with the boiling fruit. 
Slip a silver-plated knife, or the handle of a spoon, around the 
inside of the jar, that the fruit and juice may be packed solidly 
Wipe the rim of the jar, dip the rubber ring in boiling water 
and put it smoothly on the jar, then put on the cover and fasten. 
Place the jar on a board and out of a draft of cold air. The 
work of filling and sealing must be done rapidly and the fruit 
must be boiling hot when put in the jars. If screw covers are 
used it will be necessary to tighten them after the glass has 
cooled and contracted. If there is not sufficient syrup, add 
boiling water, as jars must be filled to overflowing. 


Apples, quinces, crabapples, currants, grapes, and black- 
berries make the best jellies — all acid fruits. A combination 
which is delightful in flavor and color is two-thirds quince juice 
and one-third cranberry, and has the advantage of coming late 
in the season, when it is more comfortable to work over a hot 

All fruit should be fresh and a little under-ripe. Juicy fruits, 
sUch as currants and berries, should be gathered after a rain. 
Fruits such as strawberries, raspberries, peaches, which do not 
"jell" easily, make beautiful jelly if one-third rhubarb juice is 
added. The jelly will be clearer and more delicate in texture 

Preserves. 289 

if it is boiled hard and not stirred during the cooking. Medium- 
sized granite preserving kettles are best to use in making jelly; 
they are lighter to handle and easily cleaned. Do not make a 
quantity at a time. A quart of juice is quite enough, or even 
a pint. 

Wash the fruit, remove stems and imperfections. Cut large 
fruit into small pieces. With watery fruit, such as grapes and 
currants, use no water. With apples and quinces use enough 
water to cover them. Cook the fruit until the juice flows, crush- 
ing it with a spoon. Remove it from the fire and strain it 
through a pointed cheesecloth bag hung between two chairs, or 
any convenient way. Do not squeeze the bag. Measure the 
juice and put an equal quantity of sugar (sometimes a little less 
for sweet fruits) into the oven to heat. Boil the juice with the 
sugar until the jelly thickens quickly when dropped from a spoon 
on a cold saucer. Pour into sterilized jelly glasses and set aside 
to harden. Jelly must be completely covered to keep it from 
mold. Paraffin is most convenient for this purpose. Pour your 
melted paraffin on to the depth of one-eighth inch. 


Miss Edith Massee. 

Select a hard, red apple. 
1 peck apples. 5 lbs. sugar. 

Put the fruit and sugar in stone jars in layers, with cinna- 
mon and cassia buds. Cover the jars with buttered paper. Bake 


Mrs. Homer Gard. 

1 quart cranberries. Juice and pulp of 2 

1 cup (full) water. oranges. 

2 cups sugar. y 2 cup chopped raisins. 
Grated rind of ^2 orange. 3^ cup chopped nuts. 

Wash the cranberries ; add water and oranges and raisins. 
Cook until the cranberries burst and are soft. Then add sugar 
and stir until dissolved. Skim when off the stove ; add nuts. 

290 Preserves. 

Miss Jane C. Whitaker. 

1 pint grapes, stemmed. Sugar. 

}i cup raisins. l /% to -V s lb. nuts. 

1 small orange. 

Pulp the grapes; cook until soft, then put them through a 
colander and add skins, orange pulp, and raisins. To every cup 
of this add 1 cup of sugar and cook until of desired consistency 
(i. e., about like jelly. Test as for jelly.) Add nuts and put in 
jelly glasses. Cover with paraffin. 


Mrs. Albert Bess. 

2 lbs. fruit. 2 lbs. sugar. 

2 lbs. seeded raisins. 1 lb. English walnuts. 

2 large or 3 small oranges. 
Boil until it thickens. 


Mrs. Chas. Parrish. 

1 peck pears, diced. l /> ounce ginger root. 

5 lbs. granulated sugar. 1 pint water. 

4 lemons, sliced. 
Boil slowly for 3 hours. 


Mrs. C. F. Elliott. 

3 quarts of California blue Juice of 3 oranges, rind 

plums. of 2. 

34 lb. pecans. 5 lbs. granulated sugar. 

l / 2 lb. seeded raisins. 

Continue boiling 20 minutes after it begins to boil. 


Snow apples. Fresh mint leaves. 

Equal weight sugar. 
Pare and quarter apples ; put in a preserving kettle and 
barely cover with water. Add enough mint leaves, well washed, 

Preserves. 29 

to give a good mint flavor. Cover and cook until apples are 
soft, then strain through a jelly bag. Boil 20 minutes; add 
sugar heated. Add more mint leaves if desired; let boil 5 min- 
utes. Skim and pour into glasses. Let stand in sunny window 
24 hours. 


Mrs. R. C. McKinney. 

3 quarts red currants. 1 glass strained honey. 

3 quarts granulated sugar. 

Let currants and sugar stand over night. In the morning 
add the honey and boil for 25 minutes. Fine served with cream 


Mrs. Chas. H. Bonney, Boston, Mass. 

Wash; put berries in a kettle; mash; add just a little water; 
boil up thoroughly, and strain; measure and boil hard y 2 hour; 
skim well, and then add equal measure of heated sugar. Boil 
up (do not stir) ; pour into glasses. 


Mrs. Harry Woolford. 

Wipe, pare, and grate 5 large quinces. To 2 cups boiling- 
water add 5 pounds fine granulated sugar, place on range, and 
stir until sugar is dissolved. Add quince pulp ; bring to the 
boiling point, and let simmer 15 minutes; turn into glasses, 
cool, and cover. When cold it should be about the color and 
consistency of honey. 


Mrs. J. P. Wilson. 

1 large pineapple. Small measure good ap- 

Sugar. pies. 

Pare, cook, and strain the apples, as in making jelly. Re- 
turn to the fire and add the grated pineapple. Add equal amount 
of sugar and cook until it jellies. 

292 Preserves. 


Miss Mildred Young Dewyer. 

Squeeze the juice from fruit, strain out the seeds, shred 
the rind of all the lemons, and boil in plenty of water 20 min- 
utes ; drain, put in fresh water, and boil again 20 minutes ; re- 
peat again, for 3 times in all. Then put juice and rinds together, 
and for 1 pound of the composition put 1 pound of sugar and 
boil until all is thoroughly heated. Put in small jars or glasses, 
and seal as any jelly. 


Mrs. Thomas Beckett. 

12 oranges. 9 quarts water. 

6 lemons. Sugar. 

Cut the rind into fine chips, taking of! much of the bitter 
inside white. Divide the pulp, removing carefully seeds and 
stringy centers. Put rind, pulp, and juice in a large crock and 
cover with not more than 9 quarts of water. Let stand till next 
morning; boil down about an hour. Let stand again till follow- 
ing day. Then take as much sugar as you have liquid mixture 
and cook till it jellies. Do not have too stiff at first, as it gets 
stiff standing. 

Mrs. Sam D. Fitton, Jr. 

Grind 4 thin-skinned navel oranges and 2 lemons through 
a meat chopper; of course, rejecting the seeds. Add 2 quarts 
water and let simmer, uncovered, until tender — about 1J/2 hours. 
Add 2*/2 quarts sugar; let boil until quite thick. When a little 
is cooled, try it. 

Miss Helen Peters. 

6 Florida oranges. 1 gallon water. 

3 lemons. 

Peel the lemons, but not the oranges. Remove seeds and 
put the fruit through the food chopper; add the water and let 
stand 24 hours; add sugar pint for pint, and boil until it pre- 

Preserves. 293 


Mrs. C. E. Mason. 

1 orange. 1 grapefruit. 

1 lemon. 

Put through a meat chopper all but seeds and cores. Meas- 
ure fruit and add to it 3 times the amount of water. Let it stand 
in an earthen bowl over night, and next morning boil 10 minutes 
only. Let it stand another night, and in morning add pint for 
pint of sugar, and boil until it jells. 


Mrs. C. E. Schenk. 

Make a very rich, thick syrup. Peel and quarter fine, firm 
peaches. Halve and stone large purple plums (do not remove 
skin) ; use % peaches to 3/3 plums ; drop in the boiling syrup 
and cook as you do any other rich preserves. 


Mrs. E. A. Belden. 

Wash and stem the berries. Use pint for pint of granulated 
sugar. Pour the sugar over the fruit and allow to stand until 
the juice is drained from the fruit; stir gently and cook until it 


Mrs. E. A. Belden. 

Use yellow peaches, fine and large. Cut the fruit up into 
small pieces and use pint for pint of granulated sugar. Pour 
the sugar over the fruit and allow it to stand until the juices 
form and it can be stirred thoroughly. Then cook until it 
thickens. Usually 25 minutes' cooking is sufficient, and the pre- 
serves will be a clear, golden color. 



Mrs. S. C. Kirk. 

To make tomato preserves, take pound for pound of sugar 
and tomatoes ; after the tomatoes are peeled, cover with the 
sugar and let stand until morning, then drain off juice and cook 

294 Preserves. 

until thick before adding the tomatoes. Cook ^ hour, or until 
thick enough to suit you, and can. Or you can cook them as 
soon as peeled ; but it takes more watching than when they 
stand over night and the juice is drawn out and cooked first. 


(That Can't be Told from Raspberry). 

Mrs. H. E. Burnett, Sidney, Ohio. 

Grind ripe blackberries. To i heaping cup of berries add 
i level cup of sugar. Boil 20 minutes, or until it jellies, then 
put in jars. 


Mrs. Paul M. Hooven. 

Peel and halve 1 quart of apricots; cook down with ^ the 
weight in sugar ; grate 3 pineapples and cook with y 2 the weight 
in sugar; add all together and cook to a thick, rich consistency. 


Mrs. P. C. Todd. 

5 lbs. grapes. \ l /z lbs. nuts, pecans and Eng- 

5 lbs. sugar. lish walnuts. 

Rind of 2 oranges. Juice of 3 oranges, 


Take pulp of grapes and boil a few minutes ; then put 
through colander. Cook all until preserved. Add nuts when 
nearly done. 


Mrs. A. Letherby. 

Take any quantity of pears (winter variety preferable), cut 
in either cubes or rings, cover with water, and boil until tender ; 
weigh the cooked fruit, then drain off the juice; add equal 
amount of sugar to juice, and small bits of crystallized ginger 
and sliced lemon. Boil until a thick syrup is obtained; add fruit 
and cook to consistency of a preserve. Put up in sealed jars. 

Preserves. 295 

Mrs. Linus Clark. 

Weigh 2 oranges and use their weight in sugar; use juice 
to make syrup with sugar; no water. Cut rind in strips and 
boil in water 20 minutes, changing water 3 times with boiling 
water. Drain and cook about 5 minutes in syrup of juice and 
sugar. Take out, and while still hot roll in granulated sugar. 
Use thick-skinned oranges. 


Mrs. E. M. Nicholas, Columbus, Ohio. 

5 lbs. cherries. 5 lbs. sugar. 

3 oranges (thin rind). 2 lbs. raisins. 

Wash and seed cherries ; add oranges, which have been par- 
boiled whole and cut into small pieces, sugar and raisins. Boil 
slowly for 30 minutes, skimming carefully. Seal while hot. 


Mrs. G. A. Rentschler. 

Put in a basin the required quantity of figs with the juice 
and peel of 1 or 2 lemons ; pour over sufficient boiling water 
to cover, and leave until cold. For every 2 pounds of fruit, put 
in a preserving pan y 2 pound of granulated sugar and 1 pint of 
water. Boil until the sugar is dissolved, then drain the figs and 
put them in the syrup with 1 thinly sliced lemon without seeds, 
and simmer gently until tender. 

Leave the figs in the syrup until cold, then group them in 
the center of a glass dish, pour the syrup over, and serve. 


Mrs. A. G. Gale. 

3^4 lbs. rhubarb. 1 lb. English walnut meats, 

3 lbs. sugar. cut fine. 

3 lemons. 

Leave skin on rhubarb if it is tender. Cut in small pieces ; 
add sugar, and let stand until juice is all out. Then boil slowly 
30 minutes; add yellow and juice of lemons and nut meats just 
before it is finished. Boil down like marmalade. Four oranges 
can be used instead of nut meats. 

296 Preserves. 


Mrs. S. C. Kirk. 

Cut the green rind off, and almost all red ; cut in small 
pieces, wash, and cover y 2 the weight in sugar; let stand until 
morning, then drain juice off and boil until thick. Put pieces 
in and enough sliced lemon to give a good flavor, being careful 
to remove all seeds from lemon. 


Mrs. Thomas Beckett. 

Pare off the dark-green rind and scrape the soft pulp from 
the melon. Cut in pieces about 2 inches long and i l / 2 wide; soak 
in brine over night, rinse in clear, running water, and soak over 
night in alum water. (Ten cents' worth of alum will make a 
strong solution in water to cover the rind from fair-sized melon.) 
Rinse in running water ; soak another night in clear water ; 
weigh melon, and sugar pound for pound. Place sugar with 
just enough water to dissolve it in a preserving kettle. Boil 
syrup hard for 15 minutes; drop in melon; boil slowly at least 3 
hours. Place squares on platters and place in hot sun to bleach 
1 hour. Add to syrup 24 whole cloves, juice and rind of 2 lem- 
ons ; the rind cut small and cooked tender in a little water first. 
Add about Y^ cup vinegar. Boil the melon again in this spiced 
syrup about 10 minutes ; take out once more to bleach ; put 
back to heat in syrup. Put in jars with syrup in each, although 
do not allow syrup to become dark, nor boil, while your rind is 


Miss Helen Nicolay. 
1 lb. sugar. 1 lb. large cherries. 

Put enough water on the sugar to make it gray, and boil 
for 8 or 10 minutes. Drop in the cherries and cook about 5 
minutes. Place on large platters in the sun for 2 or 3 days. 
Cover entirely with glass. When syrup is thick, jnit into jelly 
glasses, but do not stir, as it will crystallize. 

Strawberries may be preserved in the same way. 

Preserves. 297 


Miss Louise Dingfelder. 

1 lb. fruit. 24 pint water. 

}i lb. sugar. 

Make syrup of sugar and water; put in fruit and let boil 
up twice. Pour preserves in platters, cover with pane of glass 
and stand out in the sun. Repeat this for several days until 
thick enough to put in glasses. 


Mrs. Henry W. Brown. 

1 quart sugar. 3 pints berries. 

1 pint water. 

Boil sugar and water to a thread; add berries, boil 15 min- 
utes, then pour in meat platters and set in sun to bake 2 or 3 days. 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

Make a syrup of 3 pounds light-brown sugar and 1^2 pints 
of good cider vinegar, 1 ounce of whole cloves, 2 sticks of cinna- 
mon boiled together. Add 7 pounds of peeled peaches, whole, 
heating them through gradually, and then boil until of a rich 
color. Skim them out into jars, boil the syrup down until quite 
thick, and pour over them. Seal while hot. 


Mrs. H. E. Burnett, Sidney, Ohio. 

Peel and halve ripe, yellow peaches ; place in crock with 
1 ounce of whole cinnamon and 1 ounce of whole cloves sprin- 
kled between. To 7 pounds of peaches take 3^ pounds of granu- 
lated sugar and 1 pint vinegar. Let come to boil ; pour over 
peaches. Drain off next morning; boil vinegar down j4; pour 
over peaches; repeat third morning; place peaches in cans and 
pour boiling vinegar over, and seal. Have vinegar boiled down 
so it will just cover peaches. 


298 Preserves. 


Mrs. C. F. Elliott. 

Wash peaches well. Remove skins and seeds. Place the 
parings and seeds in a kettle; cover with water; let boil well. 
Strain this juice. To 1 can peaches take 1 large cup sugar and 
1 cup of the juice. Boil; when well dissolved add the peaches. 
Covei* and cook until tender. Place in tin cans and seal. 


Mrs. S. C. Kirk. 

Take good berries and, after stemming and washing, use 
1 pint of sugar and 3 pints of berries ; melt sugar with as little 
water as possible; when boiling, put in berries and cook until 
scum quits rising to top. This will fill 1 glass quart jar. 


Mrs. S. C. Kirk. 

To can tomatoes, first use only good ones of uniform ripe- 
ness (none with rotten spots or sour splits). Have a kettle on 
stove with boiling water, put the tomatoes in about 1" minute, 
or until the skin will slip off easily ; then peel, cut in pieces, and 
cook as long as any scum comes to the top, being careful to re- 
move all scum as fast as it appears. Put in cans and seal while 


Mrs. R. F. McComb. 

3 pint tins of beans, broken 2 pint tins of water, 

in halves. 4 tablespoons of vinegar. 

Let this come to a boil and put up in Mason jars. The late 
September beans are best. 


Mrs. J. L. Garver. 

Use only fresh, green sugar corn. Cut the corn from the 
cob, but do not scrape the cob. To 9 cups of corn add 1 cup of 

Preserves. 299 

sugar, y 2 cup of salt, and y 2 cup of water. Mix thoroughly 
and let simmer slowly 3 hours. Seal in glass or tin. Before 
using soak in cold water over night. 


Mrs. Jos. Kimball. 

9 cups of corn. 1 cup of sugar. 

2 cups of water. Y* cup of salt. 

Boil 20 minutes and can. 



grttftctal #asi 

Is the Safest Gas used in Domestic Science. The 
time given in these recipes is for Artificial Gas. No 
vent pipes are necessary when it is used. No head- 
aches. No smarting eyes. No dry throat. No wet 
walls and damp sleeping rooms. 

tEfje Hamilton tittlttte* Co. phone 463 


The People's Deposit, Improvement and Loan Co. 


Total Net Assets, - - $542,305.09 
Net gains for the year. Net Assets, - - - $34,159.79 
Net gains for the year. Reserve Fund and Un- 
divided Profits, - $753.56 

Dividends Declared in February and August Each Year. 
Deposit Accounts Respectfully Solicited. 

The People's Deposit, Improvement 
and Loan Co. 

Room 205, Rentschler Building, Hamilton, Ohio 
E. B. ROGERS, President JAMES FITTON, Secretary 


d n i > n c 

iohe Florist 

Cut Flowers and Floral Designs 

Jpickles anb 3\eUsl)£S* 


Mrs. A. H. Nesbitt. 

For i gallon jar take the following: i teaspoon of ground 
cinnamon (put in bags), i teaspoon of ground allspice (put in 
bags), i teaspoon of ground cloves (use in bags), y teaspoon 
of alum, 2 tablespoons of sugar, i pint of strong cider vinegar, 
Y% pint of water. 

Prepare cucumbers as follows : Wash thoroughly and let 
stand in salt water over night ; place spice bags and vinegar in 
kettle together with alum and sugar, and let come to a boil. 
Then put in a few of the cucumbers at a time and let them boil 
3 minutes before placing in the jar, after which cover with vine- 
gar, placing spice bags over contents. 


Miss Rachel Weaver. 

2 dozen small cucumbers. % teacup mustard seed. 

i quart vinegar. 2 tablespoons celery seed. 

]/ 2 teacup salt. i cup olive oil. 
l /> teacup sugar. 

Slice cucumbers thin crossways without peeling. Mix above 
ingredients together and pour over the cucumbers. Let stand 
over rlight. Put into jars and seal. No cooking. 


Mrs. Robert Woodruff. 

ioo pickles. V 2 cup salt. 

Y\ cup mustard seed. i cup olive oil. 

2 tablespoons celery seed. I quart vinegar. 

y 2 cup sugar. 

Mix the above together and pour over sliced cucumbers. 
Let stand over night. In morning, can. 


304 Pickles and Relishes. 


Mrs. Lou A. Pfau. 

100 small cucumbers. 2 gills olive oil. 

2 onions. % lb. white mustard seed. 

34 pint salt. 2 tablespoons celery seed. 

Slice cucumbers thin with skin on ; slice the onions ; sprinkle 
with salt ; let stand over night ; drain off all water and add the 
oil and other ingredients mixed well. Vinegar to cover. Cold, 
not cooked. 


Mrs. Rebecca Brant. 

1 quart vinegar. Yi cup sugar. 

1 pint water. x /z cup salt. 

Small piece alum. Mixed spices. 

Pour hot well-water over pickles and let stand over night. 
In the morning dry, and pour mixture boiling hot over pickles. 


Mrs. C. I. Keely. 

100 cucumbers. 10 cents mixed spices. 

1 pint vinegar. 1 pint water. 

1 pint brown sugar. 

Salt down the cucumbers in layers over night. Next morn- 
ing drain and wash, and scald in 2 pints of water and 1 of vine- 
gar. Pour this off and put in kettle and add the mixed spices 
in a bag, sugar, vinegar, and water. Cook until tender. Seal 
in jars. 


Mrs. Sam Mayer. 

1 quart vinegar. Red peppers. 

6 quarts water. Dill. 

1 pint salt, scant. Speck of alum. 

Soak pickles over night in cold water. Let the above in- 
gredients come to a boil, and pour over pickles. Then can. 

Pickles and Relishes. 3°5 


Mrs. A. T. Good. 

i lb. Colman's mustard. 2 small teacups salt. 

1 gallon cider vinegar. 

Wash pickles, dry them, and put in cans. Pour the above 
(cold) over them and seal. 


Mrs. J. L. Garver. 

1 gallon cabbage. 2 tablespoons ground 

1 gallon green tomatoes. ginger. 

2 or 3 green peppers. 2 teaspoons ground cloves. 

2 quarts chopped celery. 1 tablespoon cinnamon. 

3 lbs. sugar. 2 or 3 bay leaves. 
2 tablespoons mustard. 

Chop ingredients separately. Sprinkle salt over tomatoes. 
Let stand over night. Drain. Mix well. Cover with vinegar 
and boil gently until tender. Pack in jars and cover with horse- 


Mrs. C. E. Long. 

2 quarts green tomatoes. ^2 teaspoon ground cinna- 

1 pint vinegar. mon. 

]/ 2 teaspoon grated nutmeg. 1 pint sugar. 

Slice tomatoes Yi inch thick. Place in jar 2 layers of toma- 
toes and 1 layer of salt. Let stand over night. Drain. Boil 
vinegar and spices. Drop tomatoes into this and cook until 


Mrs. Mary E. McHugh. 

Select small white onions. Peel, and boil for 10 minutes in 
equal parts of sweet milk and water. Drain and pour boiling 
spiced vinegar over and seal. Tie the spices in a cloth, or they 
will darken the onions. 


Pickles and Relishes. 


Mrs. S. C. Kirk. 

Use beets of uniform size, leaving about i inch of stem on. 
Put to cook with enough cold water to cover. Boil until tender. 
Place in cold water to peel, and the skin will slip off easily. Use 
equal parts of good cider vinegar and water ; sugar and salt 
to taste. Place beets, after peeling, in hot vinegar. After they 
are boiling hot, drop one at a time into self-sealing jars. Cover 
with hot vinegar, and seal. 


Mrs. C. F. Elliott. 

Select a flat bean, if possible. Wash and break into 3 or 4 
pieces. Boil until tender, but not soft. Place in glass jars and 
pour over them a syrup made of 1 quart of vinegar and 1 quart 
of sugar. Sprinkle whole spices on the top, and seal. 


Mrs. Geo. Bachman. 

6 ears corn. 
2 onions. 
2 red mangoes. 
1 head cabbage. 

Salt and vinegar to taste. 

Boil V2 hour, and can. 

1 teaspoon mustard seed. 

1 teaspoon celery seed. 
^2 teaspoon turmeric. 

2 teaspoons ground mus- 


1 head cabbage. 

1 dozen sweet mangoes. 

4 or 5 red peppers. 

1 cup grated horseradish. 

t tablespoon mustard seed 


Miss Adele Molyneaux. 

y 2 tablespoon celery seed. 
1 quart vinegar. 
1 quart sugar. 

Salt to taste. 

hop all fine and mix thoroughly. Put in jar without cook- 


Pickles and Relishes. 307 

Mrs. J. W. Doron. 

1^2 gallons cucumbers, 1 pint string beans, 

chopped fine. 1 dozen ears corn. 

1 gallon cabbage, chopped 2 dozen red and green 
fine. • sweet peppers, chopped 

1 dozen onions, chopped fine. 

fine. Sprinkle with salt. 

2 quarts green tomatoes. 

Let stand 1 hour, scald and drain, and mix in the follow- 

Yi cup horseradish. 1 cup whole mustard seed. 

2 tablespoons turmeric. 1 tablespoon ground cloves. 

3 tablespoons celery seed. 1 lb. sugar. 
1 tablespoon cinnamon. 

('over with vinegar (not too strong) and boil until tender. 
Add more sugar and salt if needed. A couple quarts of celery 
is nice. 


Miss Ethel Kimbrough. 

1 gallon vinegar. 1 cup ground mustard. 

1 cup salt. 1 peck pickles. 

Wash pickles and place in jar. Mix vinegar, salt, and mus- 
tard, and pour over pickles. Do not heat this mixture. Cut 
horseradish roots and put over top, or divide this quantity into 
several small jars and cover with paraffin. 


Mrs. Charles Parrish. 

Place even-sized cucumbers in brine strong enough to bring 
an egg to surface. Let stand 2 days and nights. Wipe dry and 
pack in glass jars. For 300 pickles add 1 gallon cider vinegar, 
2 large onions sliced fine, several sticks of cinnamon, 1 pound 
sugar, 1 tablespoon powdered alum, and 5 cents' worth of mixed 
spices. Heat vinegar and spices, and pour over pickles while 

308 Pickles and Relishes. 


Mrs. John H. Leland. 

300 medium-sized cucumbers. 1 cup sugar. 

8 ounces celery seed. 2 ounces white mustard 

2 ounces black mustard seed. 

seed. Vinegar to cover. 
1 cup olive oil. 

Wash cucumbers and slice them. Let stand over night in 
salt water. Drain, and wipe dry. Pour oil over and mix thor- 
oughly. Add seeds and cover with vinegar. Put into jars cold, 
and seal. 


Mrs. Maesie L. Tunnelle. 

L fc>& j 

Choose cucumbers 3 or 4 inches long, with a stem; put in 
brine that will float an egg. Boil this brine 3 mornings, pouring 
over pickles hot. The third morning drain brine from the 
pickles, then take half water and half good vinegar, boil 3 morn- 
ings, pouring over the pickles hot. Put in the jars a big piece 
of alum and cover with grape leaves. On the seventh morning 
drain pickles. Put in a stone jar and pour over the pickles good 
cider vinegar boiling hot; then put in jar a piece of horseradish 
and alum ; spice as you like. Cover with grape leaves. Also 
cover jar and let stand from 3 to 6 weeks before using. 


Mrs. Lynn Forbes. 

Wash cucumbers and soak over night. 
1 gallon vinegar. 1 cup salt. 

1 cup Colman's mustard. 

Dissolve and let stand over night. Fill jars with cucum- 
bers, and pour vinegar mixture over pickles, and seal. 


Mrs. R. B. Millikin. 

Take medium-sized cucumbers, let them lie in salt water 9 
days, then soak in fresh water 24 hours ; open them lengthwise 
and remove seeds. Place them in a preserving pan with alter- 

Pickles and Relishes. 309 

nate layers of grape leaves, sprinkling a teaspoonful of alum 
over each layer, and cover with equal parts vinegar and water; 
scald until green; squeeze the juice from 2 lemons; cut them in 
small cubes (rind and all) ; then fill the cucumbers with the 
cubes of lemons and raisins ; tie or sew them together ; place in 
jar, adding Y /i ounce of cloves, 1 ounce of cinnamon bark broken 
into small pieces ; make a syrup of 1 pint of sugar to 1 pint of 
vinegar ; heat this and pour over every morning for 9 days, add- 
ing enough every day to thoroughly cover the pickles. 

6 lemons and 2 pounds of raisins to every 25 cucumbers. 


Mrs. John H. Leland. 

4 quarts ripe currants, 3 oranges. 

mashed. 2 quarts granulated sugar. 

2 lbs. seeded raisins. 

Grate oranges, rind, and cut pulp into bits. Boil y 2 hour, 
and seal in jars. 


Miss May Stevenson. 

1 quart sliced cucumbers. 1 cup vinegar. 

1 onion. 1 tablespoon grated horse- 

1 red mango. radish. 

1 tablespoon mustard seed. 1 teaspoon turmeric. 

1 cup brown sugar. 25 whole cloves. 

Slice cucumbers, onion, and mango. Cover with salt water 
for 3 hours. Drain. Boil all together for y 2 hour. Can and seal. 


Mrs. Etta Compton. 

1 dozen green peppers. 1^2 cups sugar. 

1 dozen red peppers. 3 tablespoons salt. 

16 good-sized onions. 1 bunch celery. 

3 pints vinegar. 

Chop ingredients fine. Cover with boiling water. Let stand 
5 minutes and drain. Add vinegar, sugar, and salt. Boil for y 2 
hour and can while hot. 



ipoons white 


tard seed. 

i/ 2 



3 pints 


310 Pickles and Relishes. 


Miss Helen Peters. 

iy 2 dozen green peppers. 
\ l / 2 dozen red peppers. 

3 dozen cucumbers. 

8 small onions. 
y 2 tablespoon celery seed. 

Chop cucumbers and onions, and let stand in salt water over 
night. Drain and mix all together. Does not require cooking. 


Mrs. John H. Leland. 

1 head cabbage. 6 red peppers. 

1 peck green tomatoes. 4 bunches celery. 

4 quarts onions. 

Chop all fine. Place in jar alternate layers of pickles and 
salt. Let stand over night. Drain well and add dressing. 


3 quarts vinegar. y 2 lb. Colman's mustard. 

2 lbs. brown sugar. 1 cup wheat flour. 

Mix flour and mustard with a little cold vinegar. Boil 
vinegar and sugar, and add flour and mustard slowly. When 
like cream, stir in the pickle thoroughly. Will keep without 


Mrs. A. D. Harrison. 

3 heads cabbage. 4 red peppers. 

l / 2 peck green tomatoes. 1 tablespoon mustard. 

y 2 peck ripe tomatoes. 3 lbs. brown sugar. 

9 mangoes. 1 cup grated horseradish. 
12 onions. Vinegar to cover. 

Put ingredients through coarse meat grinder. Salt and let 
stand over night. Drain. Add vinegar, mustard, horseradish, 
and cook for 1 hour. Seal in glass jars. 

Pickles and Relishes. 3 1 1 


Mrs. Edward Frechtling. 

12 tomatoes. 2 tablespoons brown sugar. 

4 onions. 1 tablespoon cinnamon. 

3 green peppers. 2 cups tarragon vinegar. 
2 tablespoons salt. 1 cup water. 

Boil iy 2 hours. 

Mrs. Ella Falk. 

30 good-sized tomatoes. 2 lbs. brown sugar. 

6 peaches. 1 quart vinegar. 

6 pears. 6 onions. 

4 mangoes. 

Cook all together 2 hours. Put mixed spices in muslin bag, 
cinnamon, cloves, allspice (or use mace instead), and cook with 
it salt to taste. 

Mrs. R. F. McComb. 

1 peck tomatoes. 1 dozen assorted mangoes. 

1 dozen good-sized onions. ]/i cup vinegar. 

2 tablespoons mixed whole Salt and sugar to taste. 


Put spices in bag and cook all together until done. Seal 
in glass jars. 


Mrs. C. Earl Hooven. 

1 peck ripe tomatoes. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 

7 onions. 1 teaspoon allspice. 

5 small red peppers. 1 cup granulated sugar. 
5 cups vinegar. y 2 cup salt. 

1 teaspoon cloves. 

Cut tomatoes in small pieces. Chop onions and red peppers 
together. Cook all except spices together for 3 hours. When 
done, add spices and put in glass jars or bottles. 

312 Pickles and Relishes. 


Mrs. Clarence Kennedy. 

i peck green tomatoes. 2 tablespoons allspice. 

8 or 10 onions. 2 tablespoons ginger. 

2 quarts vinegar. 2 tablespoons cinnamon. 

1 quart water. y 2 teaspoon red pepper. 

Grind fine both tomatoes and onions; mix 1 quart of water 
and 1 cup of salt, and pour over them. Let stand over night. 
In the morning drain, then add 2 quarts of vinegar and 1 quart 
water. Boil 15 minutes; drain; then add 1 quart water, 1 quart 
vinegar. Add the spices and boil 30 minutes. Seal while hot. 

Mrs. W. F. Blaut. 

12 large tomatoes. 2 cups vinegar. 

1 large or 2 small onions. 1 tablespoon salt, nutmeg. 

1 large or 2 small green 1 tablespoon cinnamon, 

peppers. ginger. 

Boil y 2 hour, and bottle. 


Mrs. John Leland. 

5 lbs. currants. 1 tablespoon cinnamon. 

4 lbs. sugar. 1 tablespoon allspice. 

y 2 pint vinegar. y 2 tablespoon cloves. 

Boil 1 hour, stirring much. The above is excellent, espe- 
cially if the currants are strained and gooseberries are mixed into 
them unstrained. 


Mrs. Meta Smalley. 

Take quantity of green tomatoes desired. Chop and place 
in colander to drain over night. In the morning cover with vine- 
gar and sweeten to taste. Add a little salt and a little cinnamon 
bark tied in a cloth. Cook until tomatoes are clear. 

Pickles and Relishes. 313 


Mrs. Wm. C. Shafer. 

34 peck small silver onions. 2 large heads cauliflower. 

Y^ peck small pickles. 3 or 4 red peppers, seeded 
34 peck green tomatoes. and chopped. 

Y^ peck green or wax beans. 3 or 4 stalks celery. 
2 dozen large cucumbers. 

Chop each vegetable separately and let stand in salt water 
over night ; each vegetable alone. Drain in the morning. Steam 
beans, cauliflower, and celery until tender. While these are 
steaming, put all other ingredients together and scald in iy 2 
pints of water and ij4 pints of vinegar. Drain and add 4 pints 
of vinegar, to which have been added 

2 or 2 i y 2 lbs. sugar, 1 ounce turmeric. 

y 2 pint sifted flour, 1 pint good olive oil. 

34 lb. white mustard. 

Mix with a little of the vinegar, pouring in the oil slowly 
and stirring all the while. Add vinegar lastly and cook until it 
does not taste raw. Add all together and cook until it begins 
to boil. 


Miss Rhoda Gorsuch. 

1 quart ground cabbage. 1 pint vinegar. 

Yz cup ground horseradish. . 1 quart beets, cooked and 
1 cup granulated sugar. ground. 

Add 1 tablespoon of salt, and it is ready for use. 


Miss Lillian Huber. 

Take sweet peppers (red or green), being careful to remove 
all seeds. Cut into rings or strips. Plunge into boiling water 
and drain almost immediately. Then pour cold water over 
them. This makes them crisp. Drain and taste. If peppers are 
too hot, repeat the process until they suit taste. Place peppers 
in jars and make a syrup of y 2 cup vinegar to 1 cup sugar. Boil 
syrup and pour over the peppers, hot. Seal or not, as preferred. 

3 H Pickles and Relishes. 


Mrs. J. W. Pryor. 

16 ripe tomatoes. i lb. chopped raisins. 

i l / 2 red peppers, chopped fine. 12 peaches. 

1 lb. onions, chopped fine. 2 teaspoons ground cinna- 

2 lbs. brown sugar. mon. 

T 4 cup salt. 2 teaspoons ground cloves. 

4 pints white vinegar. 3 tablespoons ground gin- 
1 to 2 lbs. good-sized cook- ger. 

ing apples, chopped. 

Mix spices with sugar when preparing. Boil slowly 4 hours. 

Mrs. Alice V. Hunter. 

10 pounds watermelon rind cooked in clear water until ten- 
der. Drain for 5 hours. Make a syrup of 

1 quart vinegar. l / 2 ounce whole cloves. 

2 lbs. white sugar. 1 ounce cinnamon. 

Boil syrup and spices. Drop in the watermelon rind, and heat 
thoroughly. Can and seal. 


Mrs. James Fitton. 

1 dozen large sour pickles. Yz lb. raisins. 

13/2 lbs. sugar. 

Cut pickles into thin, round slices. Steam raisins until 
tender. Pack in alternate layers until all is used. Do not use 
for several days. Omit raisins and use spices if desired. 


Mrs. Perrine Spellman. 

1 quart large cucumbers 2 quarts small onions. 

cut in squares. 1 large cauliflower. 

2 quarts small pickles, 2 red mangoes cut in pieces. 


Let stand in weak salt water 24 hours. Wash in clean water 
and scald in weak vinegar. Drain and add dressing. 

Pickles and Relishes. 315 


3 tablespoons Col man's 1 cup sugar. 

mustard. 1 scant cup flour. 

1 scant tablespoon tur- 2 quarts white vinegar. 


Mix together, and when hot put in vegetables and cook until 
it begins to thicken. This must be canned and sealed. 


Mrs. Eugene Griffis. 

1 gallon cooked and ^2 teaspoon bay leaves. 

strained tomato juice. y 2 small red pepper. 

1 tablespoon whole mus- y 2 pint hot vinegar. 

tard seed. 2 heaping tablespoons 
1 tablespoon whole allspice. sugar. 

Yi teaspoon cloves. Salt to taste. 

Cook the juice until thick, then add sugar, vinegar, and 
salt. About 15 minutes before it is done put in the spices, tied 
up in small muslin bag. 



This Special Value $0 JC 
Chase Leather Rocker 0# / %} 

This is just a Flyer in our Furniture Dept., and it will pay 
one and all to take advantage of it. Actual value, $12.50. 
This and hundreds of other bargains to greet you here 
daily. If not yet a customer, begin to-day. 




Values — 



Mrs. Eugene Griffis. 

i pair sweetbreads, par- x / 2 cup pecan meats. 

boiled. i hardboiled egg. 

x /z onion. Salt and pepper to taste. 

Put all through the meat grinder and mix with enough 
mayonnaise to spread nicely. Spread this mixture on a buttered 
piece of bread, cover with another slice, and trim. 


Mrs. Albert Bess. 

2 ounces almonds. t tablespoon Worcestei- 

2 tablespoons chopped shire sauce, 

pickles. Y\ teaspoon salt, 

i tablespoon chutney. Cayenne. 

Blanch and cut almonds in shreds, and saute in butter until 
delicately browned, stirring constantly, using just enough but- 
ter to prevent burning. Mix the other ingredients and pour 
over almonds and cook 2 minutes. 

Work a cream cheese, moisten with cream, season with 
salt and paprika. Cut Graham bread in *4-inch slices, spread 
with the cheese, sprinkle with the prepared nuts, put together 
in pairs, and remove crusts. 


Mrs. Charles Hilker. 

y 2 cup seeded raisins. 1 tablespoon grated choco- 

1 cup English walnuts. late. 

% cup grated cocoanut. Sweet cream. 

Chop raisins and mix with the other ingredients. Add 
enough sweet cream to make the mixture of right consistency 
to spread. 


320 Sandwiches. 


Mrs. T. D. Cochran, Germantown, Pa. 

i Neufchatel cheese. Salt, 

i teaspoon Roquefort Cayenne, 

cheese. Olive oil. 
6 Brazil nuts. 

Wash fine and thoroughly mix cheese and salt and cayenne 
to taste. Add olive oil enough to make cheese soft enough to 
spread. Blanch or scrape skin from about 6 Brazil nuts ; chop 
fine and add to cheese mixture. Whole wheat bread is very 
nice with this sandwich filling. Remove crust and cut the slices 
very thin. 


Miss Helen Sloneker. 

8 slices of bacon, fried 4 hard-boiled eggs. 

crisply. Mayonnaise dressing. 

Fry and chop bacon and egg, and mix with enough mayon- 
naise to spread nicely. 


Miss Louise Dingfelder. 

Put slices of chicken on slices of toast. Cover with a well- 
seasoned white sauce made of milk, butter, flour, salt, and a 
dash of paprika. Serve on individual platters or plates, and 
garnish with potato rosettes, creamed peas, and radishes sliced 
down to represent roses. This makes a very nice luncheon dish. 


Mrs. Albert Bess. 

Remove the crusts (each one in a single slice) from the four 
sides of a loaf of bread at least 24 hours old ; then cut in 4 slices 
lengthwise with a long, sharp knife. Spread 3 of the slices 
sparingly with butter, which has been worked until creamy, 
and put layers together, using between 2 spreadings of chicken 
filling and 1 spreading of nut filling. 

Sandwiches. 32 

For the chicken tilling- chop finely remnants of boiled fowl 
or roast chicken, and moisten with mayonnaise dressing. 

For the nut filling chop English walnuts or pecan nut meats, 
and moisten with mayonnaise. 


Miss Louise Dinsffelder 

i & 

Cut the yellow New York cheese in slices about 34 i ncn 
thick. Put slices of cheese between 2 slices of bread, and season' 
the cheese with salt and a little cayenne; then place the sand- 
wiches in a gas range on the broiler and let remain there until 
bread is toasted and the cheese is melted. 


Mrs. James Fitton. 

1 egg. 2 hard-boiled eggs. 

y 2 cup cream. 3 Spanish peppers. 

1 tablespoon flour. 1 Neufchatel cheese. 

1 tablespoon butter. 1 tablespoon onion juice. 

1 tablespoon sugar. ]/ 2 teaspoon salt. 

3 tablespoons vinegar. Pinch of cayenne. 

Cook dressing in double boiler. Mix cheese, the yolks of 
2 hard-boiled eggs, and the Spanish peppers chopped fine, the 
onion juice, salt, and cayenne; then add the dressing. 


Mrs. Spencer G. Kuhn. 

Cut brown bread in fancy shapes, stars, diamond shapes, 
etc. Spread with a layer of Philadelphia cream cheese, and over 
this sprinkle a layer of finely chopped peanuts. Place on the 
top of each sandwich a cube of some bright jelly. 


Mrs. E. M. Peters. 

y 2 lb. rich cream cheese. 3 pimentoes. 

Grind in meat cutter, mix with a tablespoon cream and one 
of mayonnaise dressing. Spread between thin slices of buttered 

322 Sandwiches. 


Mrs. A. W. Brown. 

3 hard-boiled eggs. yi lb. cream cheese. 

3 pimentoes. y 2 teaspoon salt. 

Grind in food chopper and mix with following dressing: 

i egg, well beaten. I tablespoon butter, 

i tablespoon flour. 4 tablespoons vinegar, 

i tablespoon sugar. \y 2 cups cream or milk. 

Boil until thick and let cool. 


Mrs. Newton Smith. 

V 2 cup butter. y 2 clove garlic, chopped fine. 

34 cup Roquefort cheese. A little salt and cream. 

y 2 teaspoon paprika. 

Cream butter and cheese, and add seasonings and cream. 
Spread between very thin slices of bread. 


Mrs. W. B. Mayo. 

12 tablespoons chopped i tablespoon finely mixed 

chicken. parsley. 

4 tablespoons chopped 4 tablespoons mayonnaise 

green pepper. dressing. 

Steam chicken until tender; when cold chop the breast 
fine; add pepper, parsley, and mayonnaise, and spread between 
buttered slices of bread. 


Mrs. Spencer G. Kuhn. 

Cut baking powder biscuit dough with a small cutter ; when 
baked, which should be just before serving, have ready some 
snappy cheese, and spread this on one-half of a biscuit. Spread 
the other half of the biscuit with a little butter, put the halves 
together, and serve at once. 

Sandwiches. 323 


Mrs. Charles Hilker. 

Take thin, round crackers and spread with cream cheese. 
Place a marshmallow on top and dot with a bit of butter. Put 
in oven just long enough for the marshmallow to pulp up, and 
serve at once. The oven must be piping hot, or the marshmallow 
with flatten and be tough. 


Mrs. Funkhauser. 

1 cup grated cheese. Yolks of 2 eggs. 

l /2 cup sweet milk. A little salt and a pinch 
1 large tablespoon butter. of red pepper. 

1 large tablespoon flour. 

Cook in double boiler until thick ; set in a cool place. Spread 
on wafers and serve with salads. 


Mrs. William F. Mason. 

Yz pint chicken. 1 teaspoon Worcestershire 

y 2 pint tongue. sauce. 

*4 cup melted butter. A little black pepper. 
Yolk of 1 Qgg. 

Spread this over buttered bread and trim off the crusts. 


Mrs. Harry Eastman. 

Chop ham and tongue very fine, using two parts of tongue 
to one of ham. Mix to a smooth paste with mayonnaise dress- 
ing, and spread between buttered slices of bread. 


Mrs. George Rupp, Jr. 

1 pint cold mutton. 1 teaspoon chopped mint. 

1 teaspoon salt. 1 dash pepper. 

1 tablespoon capers. 1 tablespoon lemon juice. 

Spread this rather thickly on buttered whole wheat bread. 

324 Sandwiches. 


Mrs. Robert Woodruff. 

Cut Boston brown bread and white bread into slices of uni- 
form thickness. Spread a slice of white bread thickly with but- 
ter and press upon it a slice of brown bread, also spread with 
butter. Spread this with butter, and upon it press a slice of 
buttered white bread. Use in all 5 or 6 slices of bread, making 
the brown and white alternate. Trim off crusts and slice as 
ordinary bread. 


Mrs. Eugene Griffis. 

Y-2. lb. cold boiled ham. Several olives or pickles. 

2 hard-boiled eggs. 

Put all through the grinder and mix with cooked mayon- 
naise until it will spread nicely between slices of white bread ; 
trim off crusts. 


Mrs. Samuel A. Stephan, Plain City, Ohio. 

1 cup butter. Cayenne pepper. 

1 tablespoon French mus- 1 egg. 

tard. 3 tablespoons lemon juice. 

Beat ingredients together until smooth. Spread on the 
bread for sandwiches instead of plain butter. 


Miss Althea Spellman. 

1 can salmon. Salt and pepper. 

3 tablespoons butter. 2 lemons (juice). 

Remove salmon from can, rinse thoroughly with warm wa- 
ter, and separate into flakes, discarding skin and bones. Work 
3 tablespoons butter until creamy, and add gradually bits of 
salmon until the mixture will hold no more and still spread 
evenly; then season with salt, pepper, and juice of 2 lemons. 
Mix again; spread. 

Sandwiches. 325 

Mrs. John P. Day. 

2 pimentoes. Peanut butter. 

% cup butter. 

Cut bread in. J4 -inch slices, spread with peanut butter, and 
cut round. 

Drain 2 canned pimentoes dry between towels ; force through 
a strainer. Work j4 CU P butter until creamy, add prepared pi- 
mentoes, and season with salt. This filling is good even with- 
out peanut butter. 


Mrs. Chris Pabst. 

Remove the skin and oil as far as possible from a small 
box of sardines. Pound or chop fine with 1 hard-boiled egg 
for every 4 fish. Work into a paste with 1% tablespoons of salad 
dressing to every egg used. Season with salt and pepper. 
Spread over thin slices of bread and form into sandwiches. 

Anchovies may be used instead of sardines. 




\home furnishings] 

will be 
given to 
items of 
that tend 
to make 
the home 
and cozy. 

We are 
prepared to 
meet any 
and demand 
in articles 
of home 

FURNITURE — The dependable kind of every period — 
| including the modern designs and finishes. The exhibit is 
| pre-eminently the foremost of the city. 

FLOOR COVERINGS— Oriental and Domestic Rugs, 
I Carpets, Linoleum, etc. Never before were we so equipped 
1 to supply your needs in floor coverings. 

| Odd Fellow 
1 Building 


Third, near I 
High Street | 

anmiiii in mini iii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii minimi iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiin iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiKF. 

Dnvali6 (Looker?. 

In preparing an invalid's tray, spotless linen, best china 
and silver, daintiest glass should be used. 

The conventional tray is set like the cover for a meal ; serv- 
ice plate in position, knife and spoons to right, fork at left; 
glass at point of knife, bread and butter plate at left of service 

It is a pretty idea to place a flower on this plate. 

In placing the food, convenience is the first consideration. 


Miss Elizabeth Roll. 

i tablespoonful of any of the following covering flours: 
Barley, rice, farina, or 2 tablespoonfuls of crushed crumbs, 34 
teaspoon salt, y 2 cup boiling water, ^ cup scalded milk. 

In top of double boiler mix the flour with cold water enough 
to form a paste; add water and boil 2 minutes; then cook over 
water for 15 minutes, stirring frequently; add the salt and 
scalded milk, and serve in a hot cup or bowl. May be varied 
by scalding raisins in milk or grating nutmeg over the top. 


Mrs. John L. Ross. 

1 pound of lean beef. Scrape pulp of meat from fiber with 
dull knife; place in saucepan and cover with cold water. Let it 
come slowly to boiling point, but do not let it boil. Simmer 
15 to 30 minutes; strain, remove fat with blotting paper; season 
with salt, and serve. 


Mrs. Wm. C. Shafer. 

Beat the white of an egg lightly, add the yolk, and beat well. 
To this add 1 glass of rich milk, 1 tablespoon sugar, 1 pinch of 
salt, a few drops of vanilla and nutmeg, or a little brandy or 
sherry wine if desired. 

12 329 

33° Invalid Cookery. 


Mrs. John L. Ross. 

i egg. Juice of y 2 to I lemon, 

i to 2 tablespoons sugar. I cup milk. 

Beat egg till lemon-colored and thick ; add sugar and beat 
again; add lemon juice and beat again; add milk and beat again. 
Pour into delicate glass, grate nutmeg over the top, and serve. 
If the stomach is very delicate use the white of the egg only. 


Mrs. James H. Roll. 

i sour orange. 2 tablespoons sugar. 

1 teaspoon lemon juice. 1 cup boiling water. 

Cut the yellow rind carefully from the orange and pour the 
boiling water over it; let stand 5 minutes. Add sugar, juice of 
orange and of lemon. Chill before serving. 


Mrs. John L. Ross. 

Put in sherbet glasses 2 tablespoons of grape juice. Add to 
this the white of t egg beaten stiff, a little scraped ice, and 
sprinkle with powdered sugar. Serve at once, without stirring. 
Simple, nutritious, and delicious. 


Mrs. John L. Ross. 

1 cup peach pulp or tiny bits of tender peaches (either the 
fresh fruit or home preserved, in which case omit the sugar), 
J / 2 cup powdered sugar, white of 1 egg. Put in a bowl and beat 
with a silver fork for 30 minutes; it should then be a thick, per- 
fectly smooth, velvety cream. 


Mrs. Ida M. White. 

Here is a reliable recipe for the most delicious "health 
bread," which, if eaten regularly, will shortly do away with 
the nightly "pill habit," and by adding 1 cup of nut meats or 

Invalid Cookery. 331 

raisins, children enjoy it as they would cake, and their elders 
likewise, without suffering any unpleasant after-effects. Fol- 
low r the directions exactly. 

i quart of best clean bran. ] level teaspoon salt. 

Yi pint coarse, sweet Gra- 2 teaspoons baking powder. 

ham flour. Sift these into a bowl. 
Yi pint white flour. 

Dissolve J/? teaspoonful baking soda in 1 tablespoonful boil- 
ing water, then stir that into Y? P mt °f New Orleans molasses. 
Pour 1 pint of sweet milk, 1 tablespoonful of melted butter, and 
the prepared molasses over dry ingredients; mix thoroughly. 
Put this in 2 pans where it has room to rise but not to spread, 
and bake immediately from 30 to 35 minutes. If fruits or nuts 
are used, flour them slightly and add them to the batter the 
last thing. 


Miss Elizabeth Roll. 

Beat 1 egg slightly, add salt and pepper to taste, and *4 
cup hot milk. Strain into small mold or cup; set in a pan of 
hot water and bake in a moderate oven until firm (about 20 
minutes) ; unmold and serve with white sauce, to which has 
been added sufficient catsup to give a pink color ; garnish with 


Mrs. Lucius B. Potter. 

Cut a slice of bread into cubes and brown them in butter. 
Over a thoroughly beaten egg pour a cup of boiling milk. Add 
the bread and a pinch of salt. 


Mrs. George Rupp. 

2 cups water. 1 heaping tablespoon corn- 

1 cup Delaware wine. starch. 

Yolks of 2 eggs. 3 tablespoons sugar. 

Pinch of salt. 
Mix cornstarch with water, add mixture to water, and stir 
until well boiled. 

S3 2 Invalid Cookery. 


Mrs. E. S. Griffis. 

Break into a cup an egg; put in 2 teaspoons sugar, and beat 
thoroughly ; add a pinch of salt and a little grated nutmeg. Fill 
up the cup with good, sweet milk ; turn into another well- 
buttered cup; set in a pan of boiling water reaching nearly to 
top of cup. Put in oven, and when the custard is set it is done. 
Serve cold. 


Toast a slice of bread a nice brown. Lay it in a soup dish. 
Heat a cup of milk, a small piece of butter, and a pinch of salt, 
and pour over it. Some prefer to sprinkle a little powdered sugar 
over it. Serve hot. 


Heat and squeeze the berries. Add to 1 pint of juice 1 
pound of sugar, ^2 ounce of ground cinnamon, % ounce of 
ground mace, and 2 teaspoons of cloves. Boil all for 15 minutes. 
Strain, and to each pint add r / 2 wineglass of brandy. Excellent 
for children when teething, with the brandy omitted. 


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<TI)afut3- Jl>\s\) J>ainUes. 


Mrs. Charles Parrish. 

Slice bread thin. Between two pieces place a slice of cheese. 
Put in blazer which is hot and in which you have melted a lump 
of butter. When these sandwiches brown on one side, turn 
and brown on other. When browned, cheese will have melted 
and you will find the sandwiches dreams of deliciousness. 


Miss Louise Dingfelder. 

i small cream cheese. i cup of milk. 

2 tablespoons butter. 6 eggs. 

Salt, pepper, red pepper to taste, and some unsweetened 

Put butter into the blazer of chafing-dish ; when melted, 
add the milk, seasonings, and eggs beaten slightly. 

Stir and cook same as scrambled eggs, and when nearly 
ready, add the cheese rubbed through a sieve. Serve hot on 


Miss Helen Sloneker. 
Large piece of butter, i onion, teaspoon salt, dash of red 
pepper, i teaspoon mustard, i cup tomatoes or 2 ripe tomatoes. 
Cook 10 minutes; add y 2 pint cream. After cream boils, add 6 
eggs separately. 

Mrs. Charles Parrish. 
Soak ancl parboil 1 pair of sweetbreads ; cool and dice them. 
Into your blazer put 2 tablespoons butter, and saute ^can of 
mushrooms. Remove mushrooms, and into blazer put J4 CU P 
each of butter and flour and 1 cup cream. When thickened add 
sweetbreads and mushrooms, 1 tablespoon lemon juice, and, if 
desired, yolks of 2 eggs. Serve on toast. 


2,2,6 Chafing-Dish Dainties. 

Mrs. Sam D. Fitton, Jr. 

% lb. rich cream cheese. A few grains of cayenne. 

l /4 cup cream or milk. i egg. 

i teaspoon mustard. i teaspoon butter. 

y 2 teaspoon salt. 4 slices toast. 

Break cheese in small pieces or, if hard, grate it. Put it 
with milk in double boiler. Toast bread on one side and keep 
hot. Mix mustard, salt, and pepper; add egg and beat well. 
When cheese is melted, stir in egg and butter, and cook 2 min- 
utes or until it thickens a little, but do not let it curdle. Serve 
on toast. 

Mrs. Chas. Clark. 

1 cup bread crumbs. 1 heaping tablespoon but- 

1 cup milk. ter. 

2 eggs. J /2 cup cheese. 

Soak crumbs in milk until soft. Melt the butter in chafing- 
dish blazer; add cheese cut in dice, and stir until cheese has 
melted; then add the soaked crumbs, salt and pepper and cay- 
enne to taste, and eggs well beaten. Cook 3 minutes longer, 
stirring all the time, and pour over crackers. 

RUM TUM TIDDLE (For Chafing Dish Supper). 

Mrs. E. M. Nicholas, Columbus, Ohio. 

i l / 2 lbs. mellow cheese. 2 tablespoons Worcester 
1 can (10-cent size) Camp- sauce. 

bell's tomato soup. Paprika or cayenne pep- 

1 Spanish onion. per and salt to taste. 

Y% \\±. butter. 

Chop the onion very fine, saute it in the butter, then stir in 
the soup and seasoning. When it boils up, stir in the cheese in 
small, thin slices gradually. When it thickens, pour on toast 
or hot crackers. 

Chafing-Dish Dainties. 337 


Mrs. J. P. Day. 

5 slices toasted bread. Butter and anchovy es- 

3 e gg s - sence. 

i cup cream. 

Spread toast with butter on both sides, then with anchovy 
essence. Beat yolks of eggs with cream. Pour in chafing-dish 
and stir until it thickens. Add salt and pepper and pour over 


Mrs. J. P. Day. 

i cup grated cheese. I chopped green pepper, 

i teaspoon salt. I can tomatoes. 

2 tablespoons butter. y 2 grated onion and a dash 

2 eggs. of pepper. 

Mix tomatoes, cheese, onion, and chopped pepper. Melt 
butter in a chafing-dish, add the mixture, and when heated add 
the eggs, well beaten, and the seasonings. Cook until the eggs 
are of a creamy consistency, stirring all the time. Serve hot. 



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Only Ground Floor Studio in the City 


Miss Elizabeth Roll. 

Freshly boiled water should be used for making hot bever- 
ages ; freshly drawn water for making cold beverages. Syrup 
is frequently used for sweetening beverages. 

Proportion: i cup of sugar to i cup of water; boil 12 min- 
utes; bottle and cool. A brightness is imparted to fruit drinks 
by the addition of carbonated water just before serving. 


Mrs. James Fitton. 

y 2 teaspoon to 1 cup water. 

Heat teapot with boiling water. Pour out and add tea, 
cover with cold water, and let stand to minutes. Add boiling 
water. Serve immediately. 


The most wholesome tea, because most free from the in- 
jurious tannin, is made at the table. Have a teapot of very hot 
or kettle of boiling water and a silver tea ball half full of tea 
leaves. Fill the cups with water and drop the tea ball into each 
for a second, making it stronger or weaker, to taste, and serving 
a thin slice of lemon to each cup if cream is not used. 


Mrs. S. D. Fitton, Jr. 

i l / 2 teaspoons prepared cocoa. 2 cups milk or 1 cup boiling 

2 teaspoons sugar. water and 3 cups milk. 

2 cups boiling water. A few grains salt. 

Scald the milk ; mix cocoa, sugar and salt, add boiling water, 
and stir till smooth. Boil 5 minutes or more ; add scalded milk 
and boil a minute. 

Beat with Dover egg beater to prevent scum. 


34 2 Beverages. 


Mrs. Paul Hooven. 

Use i tablespoon of medium-ground coffee for each cup, 
allowing i extra spoon for the pot. Mix coffee in a bowl with 
crushed egg shell, a little of the white of egg, and a little water 
thoroughly. Put in coffee pot and add I cup cold water to each 
spoon of coffee, except the extra for the pot. Boil up twice, 
clear with a little cold water, and serve at once. 


Mrs. Paul Hooven. 

i x / 2 ounces bitter chocolate. 3 cups milk. 

4 teaspoons sugar. A few grains salt. 

1 cup boiling water. 

Scald milk; melt chocolate in small saucepan over hot water; 
add sugar, salt, and gradually boiling water. When smooth, 
place on range, and boil 1 minute ; add scalded milk. Beat and 
serve. If sweet chocolate is used, omit sugar. 

Chocolate is delicious served with whipped cream on top 
or with a marshmallow on top. 


Miss Marie Shuler. 

Make a hot chocolate and let stand on ice till thoroughly 
chilled. Just before serving whip into it a little whipped cream, 
cinnamon, and vanilla. Pour into glasses, top with plenty of 
whipped cream sweetened and flavored with vanilla, cinnamon, 
and a maraschino cherry. 


Mrs. Wm. C. Shafer. 

Pour half a tumbler of milk, together with an unbeaten egg, 
into a Mason jar. Sweeten, add a dash of sherry or a little 
nutmeg or a few drops of vanilla and a pinch of salt. Screw 
on the top tightly and shake up and down vigorously. All the 
ingredients must be very cold. 

The white of the egg only may be used instead of the whole 
egg, and a little crushed ice may be added before shaking. 

Beverages. 343 


Mrs. Newton Smith. 

Have ready some sugar syrup made according to the direc- 
tions for ices. Sweeten y 2 pint of unskimmed milk with the 
syrup ; flavor with y 2 teaspoonful of vanilla ; turn into the glass 
of your shaker, and add enough crushed ice to fill the glass. 
Shake long and hard before pouring into a chilled tumbler. 


Mrs. Samuel D. Fitton. 

i quart water. I orange. 

3 lemons. Y\ cup sugar. 

Add the fruit juices to the water, stirring in the sugar until 
thoroughly dissolved, remembering not only to have the water 
very cold, but to add several pieces of ice at the last, which alone 
gives the required "snap" to the drink. 


Mrs. Wm. C. Shafer. 

When grapes are ripe, pick from stems, wash, and cover 
well with cold water. Let drip as for jelly, through a Flannel 
bag. To each quart of juice add }i cup of sugar and let boil 
from 6 to 8 minutes. Strain through a flannel bag into bottles, 
being careful to have all air expelled; cork and seal. 


Mrs. C. Markt. 
Pour i quart of vinegar over 4 quarts of red raspberries. 
Allow this to stand 3 days, then strain and add to each pint of 
juice 1 pint of sugar. Boil 20 minutes and bottle tightly. Makes 
a delicious drink added to ice water. 


Mrs. Newton Smith. 

Mash 2 quarts of strawberries to a pulp. Pour over them 
3 quarts of water and the juice of 2 lemons. Stand in a cool 
place for 4 hours. Strain and stir into the liquid i]/ 2 pounds 
of granulated sugar. Stir until the sugar is dissolved; strain 
again and set in a cool place until wanted. Serve in tumblers 
of cracked ice. 



014 489 791 2 £