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THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



Edition limited to 500 copies, of which 425 copies are for sale. 







SEAL OF THE INCORPORATION OF THE HAMMERMEN 
OF EDINBURGH. 



THE HAMMERMEN OF 
EDINBURGH 

AND 

THEIR ALTAR IN ST GILES CHURCH 

Being Extracts from the Records of 

the Incorporation of Hammermen of Edinburgh 

1494 to 1558 

With Introductory Notes by 
JOHN SMITH 

Author of "A Handbook and Directory of 
Old Scottish Clockmakers " 




EDINBURGH 

Published at John Knox's House by WILLIAM J. HAY 
LONDON : S. BAGSTER & SONS, Ltd., 15 Paternoster Row 



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PREFACE 

NUMEROUS books have been written about Edinburgh, 
all dealing more or less with the rise and progress of 
the city in by-gone years, and diversified in scope and 
treatment. Nothing has, however, fully described the 
part the humble craftsman played in this develop- 
ment, especially during the fifteenth and sixteenth 
centuries. Possibly this has been owing to lack of 
original and authentic details, as the chief sources 
of information have been either unknown to, or 
entirely overlooked by the compilers of Edinburgh 
history. Fortunately there remains preserved to us 
some of the Records of the various Trade Incorpora- 
tions which flourished in the city during these two 
centuries, and these portray in a wondrous and vivid 
manner an account of the daily life and habits of 
these sturdy and independent men. 

The present volume gives for the first time a series 
of extracts from the Records of the Incorporation of 
Hammermen of Edinburgh one of the oldest of 
these crafts the original manuscripts of which cover, 
without a break, their transactions from 1494 to the 
present time. The first volume only has been drawn 
upon for the present, but it covers a period of great 
historic value. Interesting side-lights are thrown 
upon incidents referred to in contemporary history 
which are as yet imperfectly understood. 



vi PREFACE 

The Introduction and Notes give prominence to 
the part religion played in the daily life of the crafts- 
men in Pre-Reformation days; and an attempt has 
been made to identify the site of the altar with which 
so much of it was associated. The latter may seem 
to many quite unnecessary, but when we consider 
what has been done in St Giles Church within recent 
years to commemorate events, persons, and sites 
pertaining to the Post-Reformation period of the 
building, surely it is of importance to throw light 
upon its Pre-Reformation history. 

The opinions expressed are prompted by a sincere 
desire to help towards removing the uncertainty which 
has existed regarding the interior of St Giles Church 
before the Reformation ; and are the result of a 
careful study of the Records. 

The details are given with remarkable precision 
and clearness year by year, but as much sameness 
occurs in the entries for Saints' and festival days, 
needless repetition has been avoided, while care has 
been taken to note any changes which took place. 

The various lists of Craftsmen form a valuable and 
reliable directory of our old Edinburgh citizens, and 
are given entire. 

I have to thank the Deacon, and Clerk of the 
Hammermen's Incorporation for so kindly and freely 
granting me permission to make the Extracts from 
their Records ; and for allowing me to facsimile the 
Seal and " Seills of Cause," which illustrate this volume. 

JOHN SMITH. 

EDINBURGH, 1906. 



CONTENTS 

PAGE 

INTRODUCTION 

I. The Hammermen's Incorporation . . ix 

II. Endowment of the Altar of St Eloi . . xv 

III. Situation of the Altar in St Giles Church . xx 

IV. Appearance and Details of the Altar . . xxvii 
V. The Chaplains at St Eloi's Altar . . xxxviii 

VI. St Eloi's Mass Book .... xlviii 

VII. The Choir and Service in St Giles Church . li 

VIII. Hammermen's Funeral Customs and Tombstones Ivi 

IX. Hammermen's Processions and Sacred Plays . Ixv 

X. Hammermen's Seal .... Ixxiii 

XL The Magdalen Chapel .... Ixxv 

XII. The Deacons of the Hammermen (including a 

List of them from 1494-1560) . . Ixxix 

Table of Scots Money .... xciii 

EXTRACTS FROM THE RECORDS OF THE EDINBURGH 

HAMMERMEN. ..... 1-177 

APPENDIX 

A. The Hammermen's First Seal of Cause, 1483 . 181 

B. The Hammermen's Second Seal of Cause, 1496 184 

C. Foundation Charter of St Eloi's Altar at Holy- 

rood ..... 187 

INDEX OF NAMES ..... 193-8 



vii 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

Silver Seal of the Edinburgh Hammermen . Frontispiece 

Facsimile of First Seal of Cause . . facing p. 181 

Facsimile of Second Seal of Cause . . 184 



Tiii 



INTRODUCTION 

CHAPTER I 

THE HAMMERMEN'S INCORPORATION 

INFORMATION regarding the rise and progress of 
crafts and craftsmen in Scotland during the Middle 
Ages must undoubtedly be looked for in the annals 
of the Church. Whatever may now be the opinion 
held regarding the Roman Catholic Church, the 
fact that in Scotland art, literature, culture aye, 
even the trade and commerce of the land were 
fostered and nourished by her remains ; and it is 
clear that the trend of her efforts was linked with 
the welfare of the people. She encouraged every- 
thing that made her churches and services beautiful, 
and drew around her at all times men and women 
who nobly devoted their labour and substance for 
those ends. To-day, alas ! all over Scotland the 
testimony of that devotion and trust lies buried 
in the ruins of fair cathedrals and abbeys. 

At the present day owing to the effects of time 
and mistaken zeal it is hardly possible to judge 
of the extent of influence the monastic institutions 
possessed over the life of the people ; but as they 
controlled the schools, every art and science then 
known owed its formal organization to their fostering 
care; and the advancement of the districts they 



x THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

controlled was assured. It is certain that the plant- 
ing of such institutions in busy towns and quiet 
hamlets influenced the domestic life of the inhabitants. 
Craftsmen gathered around them to attend to their 
everyday wants, and the workers in metal were 
alike in time of peace, as in time of war, a strong 
constituent of the guilds into which the craftsmen 
grouped for mutual help and protection. 

When we consider the disturbed and unsettled 
state of Scotland during the fourteenth and fifteenth 
centuries, we cannot but be surprised to find that 
there were established in Edinburgh at the close of 
the latter period no less than eight divisions of 
workers in metals, viz. : Blacksmiths, Goldsmiths, 
Pewterers, Lorimers, Saddlers, Cutlers, Bucklemakers, 
and Armourers all known under the common de- 
signation of Hammermen, and numerous enough to 
warrant them petitioning the Town Council of 
Edinburgh for a Charter of Incorporation. This 
" Seill of Cause," as it is termed, was granted them 
on 2nd May 1483, and again confirmed by Royal 
Command on I2th April 1496. Both documents we 
quote in full in the Appendix, and also give in reduced 
facsimile from the originals still preserved by the 
Incorporation of the Hammermen. 1 

The Records do not show when the guildry had its 
origin in Edinburgh ; but at a very early date the 
trade guilds were powerful in London and Florence, 
and from centre to centre their influence can be 
traced as one of the factors of the great Renaissance 
of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Not to 
go too deeply into this obscure question, it will 

1 See Appendix A and B. 



THE HAMMERMEN'S INCORPORATION xi 

be sufficient to say that we have authentic evidence 
to prove that by the middle of the fifteenth century 
mutual co-operation among trades and craftsmen 
had been firmly established in Edinburgh. 

It appears to us that this movement was but a 
natural outcome of the awakening and progress 
which took place in Scotland during the fifteenth 
century. The marriage of James II. in 1449 to 
Mary, daughter of Arnold Duke of Gueldres, was no 
doubt the means of bringing to Edinburgh an influx 
of new blood and ideas. And these foreigners, 
dissatisfied with the skill of the native craftsmen, 
would import a number of articles from their own 
more advanced countries. From importation of 
these goods to the arrival of the makers was but a 
step, and with them the information regarding foreign 
guilds. The craftsmen of Edinburgh awoke to the 
fact that, unless they wished to be crushed by rival 
craftsmen, something in the way of co-operation was 
necessary. It is evident that there were already 
some rules more or less efficient for the guidance 
of our own craftsmen ; but this foreign element did not 
come within their scope, and consequently from 1456 
to 1523 petitions from no less than seventeen trades 
and crafts were presented to the Town Council 
craving incorporation for protection. 

In support of this view a number of short extracts 
from these " seills of cause " are given. 

"\yhSept. 1456. 

"The quhilk day it was grantet be the provest 
baillies and counsale of the toun in favoures of the 
haill craft of the baxteris that thair sail na man of 



xii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

that craft be maid burges or freman without the 
avys and consent of the maist pairt of the worthiest 
of the craft, and that it sail be sene that he be 
worthie and sufficient to labour and that he haif 
cunnying and power to labour, and that thai pay 
their dewteis to the alter lyk as the laif of the craft 
dois." 1 

From Seal of Cause granted to Hatmakers 

" i%th February 1473. 

" We the maisteris and craftsmen of the Hatmakeris 
thinkis it needfull and speidfull for the gude and 
treuth of the craft that gif . . . thair cumes onie alienare 
or stranger of the samyn craft, he sail mak ane peis 
of sufficient wark at the sicht of the maisteris or he 
be thoillet (suffered) to be feyit or work with ony 
maister of the craft ; this beand done he sail remaine 
yeir and day in service for fie as they can accord, 
and gif he desyres thairefter to remane and vse 
the said craft and to be sollowt this he sail mak 
twa peis of wark sufficient, and mak him self frieman 
of the toun and habill thairto." 2 

From Seal of Cause granted to Wrights and Masons 

" l$th October 1475. 

" (After defining the election of four persons, twa 
Masonis and twa Wrychtis, they go on to say) gif 
ony persoun or persouns of the saidis craftis cummis 
of newe after this act to the guid towne and schapis 
to wirk, or to tak wirk apoun hand, he sail first cum 

1 Extracts from the " Records of the Burgh of Edinburgh," vol. i. 
page 14. 

2 " Records of the Burgh of Edinburgh," vol. i. page 27. 



THE HAMMERMEN'S INCORPORATION xiii 

to the said four men and thai sail examyn him gif 
he be sufficient or nocht. 1 . . . Alswa the saidis 
twa (bodies of) craftismen sail caus and haue thair 
placis and powmes in all generale processiouns lyk 
as thai haf in the towne of Bruges or siclyk gud 
townes, and gif ony of the craftismen of outher of 
the craftis decesis and has na guds sufficient to bring 
him furth honestly, the saidis craftis sail vpoun 
thair costes and expensis bring him furth and gar 
bery him honestlie as thai aucht to do of det to 
thair brother of the craft." 

From the Hammermen's Seill of Cause 

"2nd May 1483. 

" Item, that all vnfre hammermen baith buith- 
halderis and vtharis fra this tyme furth cum to the 
maisteris of the saidis craftis or he be maid maister, 
to be examinat gif he be worthy thairto, and than he 
to be maid freman gif he beis fundin sufficient, and 
do his dewty to the toun and craft and to the altar 
as utharis dois. 2 " 

Other extracts might be given all more or less 
in the same tenor ; but enough has perhaps been 
quoted to show that the town was at that period 
not only overrun with inefficient craftsmen but with 
foreigners also. 3 

There can be no doubt that the passing of these 
acts into law must have meant little better than 

1 " Records of the Burgh of Edinburgh," vol. i. page 31. 

2 " Records of the Burgh of Edinburgh," vol. i. page 48. 

3 The names of many of the craftsmen mentioned in the extracts 
given in Appendix A of the present volume are easily recognizable as 
being of foreign extraction. 



xiv THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

ruin to many persons, who failed through incom- 
petency to pass the severe examinations, or were 
prevented through poverty from paying the heavy 
dues for admission and the cost of obtaining the 
burgess-ship. But the Town Council, with a surprising 
magnanimity, made the following statute whereby 
these severe conditions were somewhat modified : 

" \*jth October 1481. 

"The quhilk day the prouest and the persouns 
abouewritten, beand the greitt dusane and deikins, 
thinks expedient that the commoun clark and a 
seriand with him gather of ilk stallenger pure body 
that may nocht beir the cost of burgesry, and occupeis 
the fredome of the towne ijs in the yeir; and all 
stallangeris that may be burges to occupy the fredome 
as stallangars but for a year and na langer bot gif 
he be burges or ellis devoyde the towne." * 

One circumstance helped considerably to this 
evasion of burgess-ship, and that was the lack of 
a wall completely round the city. This was remedied 
in 1450, and after this date it was an easier matter 
to note efficiently all the outlanders from the in- 
dwellers of the city. It is also evident that a number 
of residenters required force to make them comply 
with these regulations. 

1 " Records of the Burgh of Edinburgh," vol. i. page 40. 



CHAPTER II 

ENDOWMENT OF THE ALTAR OF ST ELOI 

THE religious character of the daily life of these 
old craftsmen is portrayed in the various charters, 
or "seals of cause," to be found in the first volume 
of "Extracts from the Records of the Burgh of 
Edinburgh," printed for the Scottish Burgh Records 
Society 1870. Each of these charters mentions (with 
the exception we note) a patron saint and altar, 
and the minute directions as to the upkeep of these 
are surprising, considering the reputed poverty of 
Scotland at that time. Every member of a craft, 
whether apprentice or freeman, was obliged to con- 
tribute, and the docility and faithfulness with which 
these claims were met, show how strong a hold the 
Church had upon the hearts of the men of those 
days. 

The craft in which we are more directly interested, 
the Hammermen of Edinburgh, were incorporated by 
Charter, dated 2nd May, I483. 1 From this time 
onwards they took their place as a powerful factor 
in all municipal and ecclesiastical affairs of the Burgh 
of Edinburgh. 

Strange to relate, nowhere in this " seal of cause " 
does the name of the patron saint, St Eligius (or St 
Eloi) occur, although mention is made of an altar. 

1 Appendix A. 



xvi THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

This altar had been founded in St Giles Church 
at an earlier date, but is first mentioned in a deed 
of Augmentation by one of their own number in 
1477, and the omission of the name of the saint 
in the "Seal of Cause" granted six years later 
suggests the theory that, although it was recognized 
as the altar of the craft, John Dalrymple was still 
alive at that date and relieved them of the expense 
of its upkeep until his death. Be that as it may, 
there is no doubt that by 1494 the control of the 
altar and chaplaincy was in their own hands, and, 
as will be seen from the extracts given hereafter, 
continued to be so until 1558, when it passed away 
with the old order of things. 

A short account of this Saint Eligius is here quoted 
from Baring Gould's " History of the Saints." 

" St. Eligius or Eloi, the patron saint of Goldsmiths, 
was born at Chatelet near Limoges, A.D. 659. He 
was placed early with a Goldsmith of Limoges named 
Abbo, and acquired great skill. He next went to 
Paris and was placed with Bobbo treasurer of 
Clothair II. The king wanted a throne made, and, 
as he could find no one else capable of the task, 
he entrusted the commission to St Eligius, giving 
him metal for that purpose. He found that he had 
received enough metal to make two thrones. This 
was enough to bring him into notice, and he was 
made master of the mint. As master of the mint 
he struck coins some of which remain bearing his 
name. He dressed costily, but underneath a rough 
sachell. He was made Bishop of Noyon, 640, and 
died December 1st, 659. His relics are still to be 
seen in the Cathedral of Noyon." 



ENDOWMENT OF ALTAR OF ST ELOI xvii 

So much for the man whose name and memory 
were revered all over Europe, wherever an Incorpora- 
tion of Hammermen was to be found, and equally 
so in Scotland until the Reformation changed the 
current of men's thoughts. 

There were two altars in and near Edinburgh 
dedicated to this saint the one being in St Giles 
Church, the other in Holyrood Abbey. 1 The latter 
was in the Canongate, which was at that period a 
separate burgh. 2 

The endowment by John Dalrymple to this altar 
in St Giles is given in the " Registrum Cartarum 
Ecclesie Sancti Egidii de Edinburgh/' 3 page 119, 
Charter 86. This deed is in Latin, but from the 
translation now given a fair idea will be afforded of 
the donor's desire anent its maintenance. 

"John Dalrymple son and heir of the late David 
Dalrymple, burgess of Edinburgh for the salvation of 
the souls of James I James II and James III, Kings of 
Scotland, and all their ancestors and successors, and 
of Ada (m) de Dalrymple, goldsmith, John de Dal- 
rymple his grandfather and Elizabeth his grandmother 
David Dalrymple his father and Isabella his mother, 
of all the hammermen of Edinburgh and of all his 
friends and those to whom he was debtor and of all 
the faithful deceased. Gives to the Blessed Virgin and 
St. Eligius the Confessor for the maintenance of a 
Chaplain at the altar of St. Eligius in the collegiate 
church of St. Giles an annual rent of ten pounds 

1 See Foundation Charter given in Appendix C. 

2 Edinburgh bought the superiority of the Canongate as the governors 
of George Heriot's Hospital on i%th Attgust 1636 from the Earl 
of Roxburgh. 

3 Edited by Dr David Laing for the Bannatyne Club. 

b 



xviii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

(Scots) to be paid at the usual terms (viz) ten merks 
to be paid from the land or garden of Master George 
Liddale rector of Forrest lying in the Cowgate on the 
south side of the same between my land on the East 
and the land of Alexander Galloway on the West 
and the Maison Dieu on the South and the King's 
highway on the North. The other five merks to be 
paid from my said land on the East side of the said 
garden adjoining the land of James Narn, Signed and 
sealed by Alexander Crechton, chief bailie, in favour 
of Sir John Osburne chaplain and his successors in 
presence of George Lord Haliburton, Robert Folkart, 
Adam Folkart, James Aikman, Matthew Osburne, 
John Farnly, John Nicholsone, John Sinclar, 
William Yhoung, John Leth, James Harcaris Serjeant 
and William Farnly notary and others at Edinburgh, 
9th September, 14/7, with directions as to the service 
to be rendered by the Chaplain." 

Beyond this deed no other information has come 
down indicating when or how the Hammermen of 
Edinburgh made this altar and chaplaincy their own 
exclusive property, and it may be that John Dalrymple 
made his own endowment over to their custody at the 
date of their obtaining the " Seal of Cause " for the 
purpose of binding together and strengthening the 
various trades who were by that deed incorporated 
under one designation as Hammermen. Strange to 
say, none of the names of the witnesses to this deed 
are to be found in the Hammermen's Records, or in 
the " Records of the Burgh of Edinburgh," as printed. 
The only mention of John Dalrymple's name, any time 
near the date, is to be found in the last-mentioned book, 
under the date 1457, where we are informed that the 



ENDOWMENT OF ALTAR OF ST ELOI xix 

second booth in the Tolbooth is let to John de Dal- 
rymple for 405., whom we take to be the person men- 
tioned in the deed. 1 

Our extracts from the Hammermen's Records 
commence, as will be seen, on the ist of May 1494, 
thus causing a hiatus of seventeen years in the 
history of the altar from 1477 to that date, and 
eleven years from the granting of their " Seal of 
Cause." 

The upkeep of this altar occupies the greater 
portion of the expenses in these old accounts, and a 
few observations on that important part of their 
organization may be permitted. 

1 The omissions in the extracts may be due to the fact that many of 
the extracts printed give only a few names, with the remark " and 
many others." 



CHAPTER III 

SITUATION OF THE ALTAR IN ST GILES 

THE fabric of the Church of St Giles in Edinburgh 
was a growth of at least three centuries. At the 
close of the fifteenth century (1494) the interior of 
the church must have presented an appearance of 
great magnificence, containing, as it did, many ornate 
altars and side chapels. Indeed, so numerous were 
the separate bequests for the founding and endowment 
of altars and chapels, that looking at its area in com- 
parison with that of other Pre-Reformation churches 
notably St Andrew's we wonder where room 
could be found for so large a number. The church 
had been extended eastwards about 1460, and having 
been, by the policy of James II., converted from a 
parish church into a collegiate foundation, it is pro- 
bable that at this date everything connected with the 
service and furnishing of these altars and chapels was 
done on an elaborate scale. 

It can now only be assumed (with perhaps one or 
two exceptions) where the most of those altars stood, 
and even in the case of the chapels the comparatively 
modern titles which most of them bear such as 
Albany Aisle, Moray Aisle, South Aisle afford no 
clue as to their original dedication. The so-called 
restoration of the whole building in 1830 swept away 
the few remaining evidences of these chapels or 



SITUATION OF ALTAR IN ST GILES xxi 

aisles, which the zeal of the Reformers of 1 560 had 
overlooked, and has made their identification at the 
present day largely a matter of conjecture. 

The only part of the interior of St Giles which at 
the present day bears the name of a saint and chapel, 
is the space on the north side of the nave immediately 
adjoining the north transept door to the west, known 
as St Eloi's Chapel. Much praiseworthy trouble and 
expense have been expended in trying to identify the 
Hammermen Craft with it ; but there are reasons, as 
we shall presently see, for not accepting this as the 
site of the altar. The mistake has undoubtedly 
arisen from the fact that Sir Daniel Wilson in his 
interesting work, " Memorials of Edinburgh," quotes 
the statement that before the alterations in 1830 
there were two chapels standing on the north side of 
the nave. These were removed, and as the one 
nearest the transept had some remnants of coloured 
glass in the window, having as the chief ornament 
the representation of an elephant, and underneath 
the crown and hammer the armorial bearings of the 
Incorporation of Hammermen the assertion was 
made that this was St Eloi's Chapel, at whose altar 
the craftsmen of Edinburgh dedicated the famous 
Blue Blanket or Banner of the Holy Ghost. This 
statement regarding the chapel and glass has been 
so far generally accepted, but that it contained St 
Eloi's altar does not accord with the extracts we now 
probably give for the first time, and which throw con- 
siderable light on this altar, its decorations and site. 

The official book of the craft rids us of the title 
"St Eloi's Chapel." Nowhere does the word 
*' Chapel " occur in the Records, the term " the altar " 



xxii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

or " our altar " being always employed ; nor do they 
mention that it stood in any aisle. Repeatedly it is 
spoken of as being situated in the " Kirk," and it is 
this important designation that induces us to locate 
its site in that part of St Giles now known as the 
North Transept. 

The selection of this site will give rise to some 
contention ; but if the candid reader will follow us 
through some of these extracts and all point to a 
situation other than that of the present St Eloi's 
Chapel he will see that this statement rests on facts 
which cannot be ignored. In spite of all the altera- 
tions and restorations this venerable building has 
undergone, the site of St Eloi's Altar is easily identi- 
fied from the minute descriptions which show that it 
was situated near the pulpit that it stood east and 
west had its front to the north, with other minute 
details locating it on the north side of the massive 
north-west pillar of the tower. 

To those of our readers who are acquainted with 
St Giles it will be evident that the selection of this 
north-west pillar site locates the altar directly oppo- 
site to the present so-called chapel. The principal 
proof of this is to be found in a memorandum given 
at the end of the accounts for the year 1546. It 
appears that the then Deacon, George Peirsoun 
" took stock," if we may so term it, of the number of 
the " Troucht stones," or gravestones, in the church 
belonging to the Hammermen Craft. 1 We will only 
mention where, as he denotes, six out of the nine 
described were situated. He locates two under the 
pulpit, one before the altar, two at the east end of the 

1 See page 131, where the extract is given in extenso. 



SITUATION OF ALTAR IN ST GILES xxiii 

altar, and one " anent " (adjoining) the pillar that is 
next to the steeple door. The memorandum is 
careful to explain that these were lying about the 
altar. Here is evidence that all these gravestones 
could not have been contained within such a 
limited area as that occupied by the present St 
Eloi's Chapel. To put the matter beyond a doubt, 
a sasine 1 of the purchase of two of these graves 
or lairs in the year 1524 mentions that the Dean 
of Guild, conveyanced to the Deacon of the Craft 
two " trouchis " or lairs, marked with a crown and 
hammer, lying in the College Kirk of St Giles, and 
situated on the north side of the same : one being 
described as lying betwixt St Eloi's Altar and 
Sanct Nicholas' He. This accords with the descrip- 
tion in the memorandum of 1546, and undoubtedly 
refers to the one situated near the pillar that was 
next the steeple door. This pillar, along with the 
massive north-west one, has never been shifted, 
and the description given then still holds good, 
although the " Troucht stones " have long since 
disappeared. 

But it will be asked, how are we to account for the 
coloured glass, bearing the Hammermen's crest, 
being found in the window of this chapel before its 
destruction in 1830? Undoubtedly it is this glass 
that has given rise to the mistake, as all along this 
chapel was known as St Nicholas' Aisle, never as St 
Eloi's. Turning to the accounts for the year 1529, 
we find the amounts paid for either altering or 
enlarging St Nicholas' window, and among other 
items is the sum of six pounds ten shillings for new 

1 See page Ix, where the sasine is given in extcnso. 



xxiv THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

glass. 1 The probability is that these arms were 
executed then, although no special mention is made 
of it, as a memorial of some prominent member of 
the craft who was buried immediately outside the 
aisle in the tomb which, as the sasine shows, was only 
acquired four years before, and which they locate as 
lying between St Eloi's Altar and St Nicholas' Aisle. 

It may here be noted, that the survival of these 
remnants of coloured glass so late as 1830 is no 
doubt due to the fact that, though the Catholic Faith 
disappeared, the Hammermen Craft survived, and 
continued after, as before the Reformation, to be a 
force in the City of Edinburgh that had to be 
reckoned with. Therefore any attempt on the part 
of outsiders to interfere with so delicate a matter as 
their property in St Giles, of which no religious 
party had any right to deprive them, would have met 
with sturdy opposition. 

We can see from the minute accounts of the 
decorations and appointments of the altar, that it 
would have been impossible to find room for any- 
thing like these furnishings in so confined a chapel 
as is now credited with containing the altar of St 
Eloi. And it is evident that the original groined 
roof was much lower than the one at present there, 
and certainly did not need a " lang ledder " to get up 
to the pulley of the lamp whenever it required a new 
cord. 

These are only some of the reasons for our selec- 
tion of the North Transept as the site of St Eloi's 
Altar. Numerous other points may be noted that 

1 This accounts for the hammer and crown, but we know nothing 
about the elephant. 



SITUATION OF ALTAR IN ST GILES xxv 

corroborate the selection, and which all lead up to 
the fact that a craft whose members were so numerous 
could only be accommodated at a site such as has 
been indicated. 

This important matter, plenty of space, probably 
led the Chapter of the church to select the North 
Transept as the site of St Eloi's Altar, because of its 
suitability, both as to situation and extent, for the 
prospective wants of the Hammermen for whose 
salvation the altar was founded. 1 

1 By referring to the memorandum on page 131, we are enabled to 
correctly place the sites of two other altars which were situated in the 
north side of the nave. The first pillar west from the tower pillar was 
occupied by the altar dedicated to St Sebastian ; the next, or second, 
west by the Magdalen Altar ; while opposite to this last, or north from 
it, was situated the Holy Water Font. Dr Cameron Lees quotes, in 
his admirable "History of St Giles," that at the third west pillar from 
the tower stood the Holy Bluid Altar. Thus we have, with some 
degree of accuracy, the names of four altars and one aisle, the Altars 
of St Elois, St Sebastian, Magdalen, and the Holy Bluid, and St 
Nicholas Aisle. 

From 1524 up to 1541 the Hammermen were interested in other two 
saints or altars, namely, Our Lady and St Luke. We have not been 
able to identify the two names in any account of the altars of St Giles ; 
but the first may have been Our Lady of Piety or Pity, the second 
Sancti Crusis de Lucano. There is evidence that there was an altar 
dedicated to our Lord of Piety, which was situated at the north door 
of the choir of the church, which was probably between the north and 
south pillars of the tower. This would make its situation on the south 
side of the north-east tower pillar, and it is possible that there was an 
altar immediately at the back on the north side of the same, which 
may have been dedicated to Our Lady. If this surmise is correct, it 
would be the nearest altar on the east from St Eloi's, and consequently 
would be well known to the craft. From the continuous references in 
the accounts during seventeen years to the washing and stiffening or 
starching of Our Lady's curtains or curchis, we may conclude that they 
were made of white lace or linen, and from the sums paid for masses at 
St Lucis' Altar the probability is that, either from the poverty of the 



xxvi THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

The site of the altar at the back or north side of 
the massive tower pillar would enable the Hammer- 
men to make use of the space left clear owing to the 
octagonal shape of the pillar. The frequency of the 
occurrence of the item for repairs to the almonry at 
the back of the altar, and sometimes termed next the 
pulpit, favours the surmise that the altar stood more 
in the transept than in the side aisle of the nave. 
This may have been necessary to give access to the 
pulpit, which must have been on the south side of this 
same pillar, as there is no other site for it in the 
church. 1 This situation gave the preacher the 
command of the nave and transept ; and as the 
longest arm of the transept lay to the south, it is 
highly probable that this part was the only free area 
in the church where numbers could be assembled. 
Several times it is mentioned that processions were 
marshalled here before going through the town. 

endowment or from a pious generosity, the Hammermen paid for the 
washing of these necessary adjuncts to the appearance of the altar, 
seeing it was so close to their own, until the foundation was able to 
bear the expense itself. 

1 Some exception may be taken to the choice of this site for the old 
pulpit ; but it must be remembered that St Giles was never before the 
Reformation the seat of a Bishop, being always a parish church, though 
latterly a collegiate foundation. Therefore the pulpit could not have 
been in any other part, for if there had been a Bishop, the pulpit would 
then have stood within the choir and close to the Bishop's throne. 



CHAPTER IV 
APPEARANCE AND DETAILS OF THE ALTAR 

THE beginning of the sixteenth century in Scotland, 
and especially in Edinburgh, was a period of great 
awakening ; and the influx of foreign ideas and 
methods, combined with the rivalry of the other crafts 
who had altars in St Giles, spurred the Hammermen 
on in their efforts to embellish their altar. And, as 
can be seen from the accounts in the year 1516, they 
brought the whole structure into a condition that must 
have made it a prominent object in the church, and 
worthy of so influential a craft as the Hammermen 
of Edinburgh. 

Although it is not till 1516 (three years after 
Flodden) that we are able to form any very clear 
idea of the appearance it presented, yet it is evident 
from the sums paid for various items that, from 1500 
and onwards, the work of its embellishment went 
steadily forward. Possibly when first erected the 
whole altar and accessories were of the plainest 
description, as seems likely from many of the items 
mentioned such as one or two implying that the 
altar boards were painted and enclosed with wooden 
boarding, or " treves " (see accounts for 1515) : while 
rushes and grass were strewn on the floor for the 
comfort of the devotees. 

Among some of the more prominent items men- 

XXVll 



xxviii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

tioned in the accounts for the year 1505 we learn 
that the image of St Eloi had no canopy over it. 
This want they supplied at a cost of forty shillings. 
The canopy is described as being made of cloth 
bordered with white lace, and decorated with two 
dozen of red ribands. We also learn that the image 
wanted a hammer the orthodox insignia of St Eloi. 
This want also was attended to, and a hammer 
placed in the saint's hand. From the mention of 
the image being painted it seems likely that the 
whole effigy was made of carved wood, which was 
probably the material used in the fashioning of most 
of the other images set up at the altars in the church. 
In 1505, also, they made and erected a new hearse, 
the accounts of which are exceedingly minute and 
interesting, and, as the sums paid for the scaffolding 
show, it appears to have been erected several feet 
from the ground. This same word " Hers " occurs 
in the Seal of Cause granted to the Masons and 
Wrights in 1475, and runs to the effect that they are 
granted permission to occupy the Chapel of St John 
"fra the aid Hers of ye same inwart." "Hers" 
simply means a harrow. These hearses were 
frame-works of wood or metal used to cover the 
coffin of a deceased person while it lay in front of 
the altar, and over it was stretched the mortcloth, or 
pall. Attached to it were " prickets " or spikes for 
affixing the candles during the wake. On the 
occasion of the " Saule Mass " anniversary, it was 
placed over the tombstone or in front of the altar 
during the service. 

This accounts for the regular recurrence of the 
sum paid for scouring of the Hers, a process rendered 



DETAILS OF THE ALTAR xxix 

necessary by the dripping of the melted wax from 
the candles when alight. The duty of cleaning the 
Hers fell to the servant of the craft ; and, as the 
accounts from 1494 to 1505 show that this was done 
by a person named Will Dalrimpill, the name of this 
humble individual has been preserved to posterity 
through his exercise of this menial office, while count- 
less others, doubtless far more important in their 
day, have been forgotten. 

This same "Hers" was, in 1509, altered and 
decorated the sum of fifteen pounds four shillings 
and eightpence being expended on its renovation. 
That it was of considerable weight, we gather from 
the fact that it took fourteen pounds of lead to secure 
its fastenings. Grand as it was, it was finally all 
gilt over, and so much was it admired that it was 
taken out of the church in 1534, and carried in 
procession to the Kirk of Field and " hame " again. 

It is evident that the image of the saint was the 
principal embellishment of the altar ; but above it, 
and standing straight out, was a strong iron rod. 
(We may liken it to the rod from which a signboard 
hangs over a shop door, and thus can be seen some 
distance away.) From this iron rod were suspended 
hammers, crowns, and triangles the crest and trade 
insignia of the craft. This rod and its symbols 
marked the spot as the Hammermen's altar, and was 
probably adopted with the view of preventing con- 
fusion and mistakes in a church which was so 
crowded with various other altars. It is not un- 
likely that the other crafts of the city adopted a 
similar plan of identification, as these signs would be 
readily recognized by the most unlettered craftsmen. 



xxx THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

The position of the altar must have presented a 
difficulty to the Hammermen when they commenced 
to refurnish and improve their altar in 1516, as one 
roof was higher than the other. It is apparent to this 
day that the roof of this North Transept was a stone- 
groined one, a good deal higher than the other cover- 
ing the aisle of the nave : thus making it necessary 
for them to put up a wooden ceiling or " silor heid," 
as they term it, to make the height equal. This ceil- 
ing crowned, so to speak, the entire structure, and 
gave dignity and height to the whole. Covered on 
its under side with red and yellow buckram, its effect 
was heightened by the addition of a fringe which hung 
down all round. This canopy, oblong in shape (pro- 
bably about three and a half yards in length by a yard 
in width), must have presented a very imposing ap- 
pearance, forming as it did the key of the scheme of 
decoration. Fixed up at some height (as we gather 
from the mention of a " lang ledder " being required 
to reach it), there were either affixed to it, or a little 
below it on the pillar itself, three iron rods, one being 
along the back, the other two across the ends, from 
which the curtains were suspended. These, as can 
be seen, were changed to suit the seasons or services, 
and formed a screen right round the back and ends 
thus ensuring complete isolation and privacy to these 
parts, and leaving only the front exposed. 

The accounts in 1516 in connection with these 
curtains are exceedingly minute. The number of 
rings is mentioned, as well as the length of the cords 
used to draw them with. These, of course, defined 
the area available for the altar itself, which was pro- 
bably somewhat less in size than the canopy overhead. 



DETAILS OF THE ALTAR xxxi 

The framework of the altar was of wood, which was 
covered with a red and green cloth. The front, or 
frontal, which was also movable to suit the seasons, 
was usually green in colour ; and, as it was further 
embellished with various armorial bearings made of 
silver, we can imagine the vivid effect produced by 
this blaze of colour. 

From the mention of the lashats or fastenings of 
these draperies, it would appear that they were care- 
fully removed when not in use ; while those parts 
which were permanent were either covered with a 
common kind of cloth, or else had a " pok " or bag to 
protect them. This accounts for the frequency of the 
item for "graithing" or dressing the altar, and it 
appears that when fully adorned they had always 
someone to guard the altar until service commenced. 

The almonry, necessary for stowing away these 
accessories, was always kept locked, and was of a 
specially strong make, and, as we have pointed out, 
was situated at the back of the altar hidden behind 
the curtains. That this precaution was necessary, 
we may judge from an entry which seems to 
indicate that it had been forced open and articles 
stolen. 

Probably there would be a break or step on the top 
of the altar along the back, in the centre of which 
would be placed the tabernacle, while on each outer 
corner stood the figure of an angel. The tabernacle 
was evidently very simple, there being no mention 
of any ornamentation about it ; but it would the more 
effectually bring out the carved figures that stood so 
near it, and thus agreeably break the line of elevation 
at this point. Betwixt the tabernacle and the figures 



xxxii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

on either side a candle was placed, and one on the 
tabernacle itself. These three candles were kept 
alight during every service. 

In front of this tabernacle, and suspended from a 
pulley, was the ever-burning lamp. The amount of 
money paid for the upkeep of this lamp and the 
attention it received was considerable. Once it was 
stolen and recovered again, and in 1 548 a new one 
was provided at a cost of thirty-eight shillings. With 
their usual minuteness, the accounts not only mention 
the cost of the pulley from which it was suspended, 
but the exact length of the cord required for that 
purpose. We gather from the length given (eight 
fathoms) that the pulley must have been suspended 
at a height of twenty-five feet from the floor, which 
effectually disposes of the present-named St Eloi's 
Chapel, as having the original boss with the hook 
from which this lamp was hung, as it can easily be 
seen, even at this distance of time, that the original 
roof of this side chapel was nothing like twenty-five 
feet in height. 

Before leaving the notes on the framework of the 
altar, we would draw attention to an item which 
occurs more than once, and which informs us of a sum 
being paid for mending the " fut gang " under the 
altar. This, according to our present-day reading, 
implies that there was a passage and pavement under 
the altar. But it probably refers to a long narrow 
wooden chest, such as was used both at that time and 
later to mount into the high box-beds which were so 
fashionable in Scotland. That such a chest lay under 
the altar, the description in the accounts shows, and it 
would no doubt be found most useful as a receptacle 



DETAILS OF THE ALTAR xxxiii 

where various articles could be safely stored under 
lock and key. 

Standing in front of the altar was a reading or 
praying desk, and beside this were three or four pillars, 
votive gifts from wealthy members of the craft who 
were allowed the privilege of affixing their armorial 
bearings thereon, thus testifying at once to the name 
and the pious liberality of the giver. But to make 
room when required, these pillars were movable, and, 
as the accounts show, were fastened with a hook and 
staple. 

Outflanking these pillars, and probably marking 
the furthest area of the space required for the per- 
forming of the service, stood two great torches one 
on each side which were only lighted on great 
occasions. The accounts for 1516 give full particulars 
of the weight and cost of these torches and, as will 
be seen throughout the whole extracts, the upkeep 
of these was very heavy. In all ecclesiastical func- 
tions, both in and outside the church, these torches 
were much in evidence, and the Hammermen appear 
to have been very particular about the appearance 
they presented, as frequent mention is made of con- 
trivances to make them look as large as possible by 
the addition of dummy covers painted to look like 
candles. What with wax candles and tallow candles 
(for they are careful to mention the kind used) and 
torches for carrying in procession, the amount of 
money disbursed was considerable. 1 But there seems 

1 The average expenditure in the year for these articles appears to 
have been between four and five pounds ; but this sum does not include 
what was gifted by private donors, as these offerings were evidently 
made for special reasons or masses. 
c 



xxxiv THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

to have been no grudging or difficulty in the dis- 
charge of this sacred duty on the part of these 
pious and prosperous craftsmen. 

The ornaments on the altar appear to have been 
very few ; but what they lacked in number was 
compensated by their ornate appearance. In the 
year 1507 they gave eleven shillings for three 
"payntit piggis (earthenware jars) to ye altar," to 
hold flowers. It is really interesting to note how 
often the item for flowers, and packthread to fasten 
them with, occurs in connection with their functions, 
whether civil or sacred. And when we realise how 
deep and keen was this appreciation of the beautiful 
in nature, the gulf between the men of those days 
and our own appears not so very wide after all. The 
minds which could thus use and dedicate flowers to 
the service of religion were capable of carrying the 
purifying influence into their own daily lives. There 
does not seem to have been any article appertaining 
to the altar, suitable for decoration, which was left 
unadorned candles, curtains, and fringes all had 
their garland or wreath. We can better realise the 
appearance St Eloi's Altar would present on some 
high festival, when we picture it to ourselves as 
decked out with this combination of art and nature. 
Once they adopted a different variety of decoration, 
when we are told that holly was brought from Roslin 
to decorate the altar in honour of St Eloi's day, 
which occurred on the first of December. We may 
therefore conclude that on all occasions, when the 
season permitted, flowers were used as a decorative 
accessory. 

Another requisite for the use of the service was 



DETAILS OF THE ALTAR xxxv 

the " Crowatt " or cruet, the making of which cost 
four pounds, fourteen shillings, and twopence. 

From the statement of accounts for 1509 we learn 
that "Thomas Rai's wife had left silver for the 
purpose of supplying vessels for holding the wine 
and oil (or water), which was augmented by the 
other "guidwiffis." To this the craftsmen added two 
and a quarter ounces of their own, and the goldsmith 
"ekit ane ounce ane grot wecht less" making the 
total weight " xiij ounce silver ane grot wecht less." 
The workmanship was entrusted to Donald Schaw, 
goldsmith, who was paid three shillings and sixpence 
an ounce for the making. A quarter of a French 
noble was used for the gilding of them, showing that 
this was heavily done. When in use these crowats 
rested on a " corpalin " or corporas which, on festive 
occasions, was of satin ornamented with red silk 
and gold thread (see accounts for 1512), and at other 
times of holland. 

The chalice is not mentioned, except by a single 
entry in the accounts for 15 20 "for a pocket to ye 
challis," till in 1550 we learn that a chalice of 
great cost and magnificence was purchased. This 
silver vessel weighed twenty-five and a quarter 
ounces, and cost them, along with the burnishing and 
a chest to hold it, nearly thirty pounds. This chalice 
and a purple vestment are, curiously enough, the 
only two articles belonging to this altar which are 
ever mentioned after the Reformation. 

As will be seen, the accounts for the year 1558 
close for ever the Hammermen's connection with St 
Eloi's Altar and service. Although no documentary 
evidence has survived to show what was the fate of 



xxxvi THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

all this gay gear, we are enabled by an incidental 
reference in a minute (not given in this book) to 
form an opinion of what was done with the " Saunct's 
Geir" in 1567. The minute refers to some dispute 
about debt due that year to the Deacon, and goes on 
to inform us that this debt was settled by the 
Hammermen handing over this same chalice in 
payment. And, as the significant word is used that 
it was to be " appraisit," we can see they had been 
allowed to remove everything that belonged to the 
altar. The vestment was treated in the same way, 
and we may conclude that every article saleable was 
thus valued and sold to the members of the craft, 
and the money so realised put into the common fund 
of the Incorporation. It is certain that every article 
would be accounted for ; but though careful search 
has been made for the complete list of items, we 
only find mention of those two. 

We may be sure that the Hammermen would keep 
a watchful eye on the plenishing and materials that 
belonged to their altar ; and when the storm burst, 
they, as a body, were far too powerful to be set aside 
in such a spoliation as is popularly believed to have 
taken place in St Giles ; and would be allowed to sell 
or otherwise dispose of what was theirs by right, after 
it had been duly " appraisit." 

The altar and furnishings were not the same in 1558 
as in 151 2. In 1552 the accounts show that enormous 
outlay was incurred in altering and enlarging it ; one 
expensive item being the wood-work, which, together 
with the items for painting and varnishing, give a 
faint idea of the " reparation " of the altar. The items 
are exceedingly minute and clear, and require no ex- 



DETAILS OF THE ALTAR xxxvii 

planation. We can see, however, that there was no 
sign of the end, which came only six years later, and 
which destroyed for ever all the pious efforts and care 
that the craftsmen's hearts and hands could offer for 
the veneration of their old faith. 



CHAPTER V 

THE CHAPLAINS 

THE position of Chaplain to the Hammermen Craft 
was no sinecure, for not only had he to conduct a 
daily service, but had also on Sundays (before 1500) 
to collect the weekly penny which every member had 
to pay for the upkeep of the altar. They changed 
this weekly penny, after the above date, into a 
quarterly contribution, leaving the Sunday collection 
to be a voluntary one, which was taken up by two of 
their own number, who were allowed a small per- 
quisite for their trouble. Curious to relate, they had 
the right for a number of years to collect this voluntary 
offering, not only in St Giles, but in Holyrood Abbey 
also. 

This latter place, being so near the royal dwelling, 
was evidently honoured by the attendance of the 
King and nobility. Frequently it is noted that the 
King's "offerand," which was put separately into a 
chalice or jug kept for that purpose, amounted to so 
much, and sometimes it was included in the general 
amount, as the accounts show that in 1511 there was 
got in the Abbey the sum of thirty-one shillings and 
sixpence including the King's offering. As late as 
1531 the royal offering is given as amounting to 
nineteen shillings; while the note in 1509 "yat ye 
fraunch croun yat was gotten in the Abbay is not 

xxxviii 






THE CHAPLAINS xxxix 

guid," is a reminiscence in the history of church 
collections which is not without its parallel at the 
present day. They appear to have been satisfied if 
these voluntary collections paid the expenses of the 
services at which they were gathered. But that 
there was sometimes a deficit we gather from the 
note which occurs more than once to the effect that 
the Sunday "offerand wald nocht pay the ordinar 
chargis," and accordingly it had to be met by the 
kirk master or deacon, and the difference charged in 
the accounts. 

We have seen that the guardians of the Altar of 
St Eloi attended to everything connected with its 
service and embellishment with scrupulous nicety ; 
and we may presume that they were no less fastidious 
in the selection of the chaplains. During the sixty- 
four years covered by the Records before us, the 
Hammermen had only five priests filling that office, 
namely : 

Sir Thomas Linlithgow . 1494-1508 

Sir William Brown . . 1504-1521 

Sir John Smith . . . 1524-1544 

Sir William Wodhall . . 1544-1546 

Sir William Bannatyne . 1544-1558 

Thus, it would appear, the choice had been usually 
a happy one. To their penmanship we owe the 
preservation of these valuable Records, and in all 
business matters they apparently enjoyed the con- 
fidence of the craftsmen, who, though intelligent 
men, could not boast of penmanship as one of their 
accomplishments, if we may judge by the signatures 
of their deacons in the volume. 



xl THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

As we have already stated, there was attached to 
it a private endowment and the right of presentation 
appears to have been vested in the heirs of John 
Dalrymple. Fifteen days were allowed for filling 
the vacancy, when, if no presentation was made, the 
right pertained to the Town, which also held the 
right if made void through failure of succession. 
The following extracts from the Records of the 
Burgh of Edinburgh dated I4th February 1503 
makes this quite clear. " It is declarit that 
Elizabeth Wod the spouse of umquhill Allan Winde- 
yetts produced the infeftment of the Chaiplancy at 
St Eloyes altar and the soum thairof; anent the 
patronage to be tailyeand the said donatuoun after 
herself to Margaret M. Crerek her docthers aris of 
her body quhilkas failyeand to Wods airis the pre- 
sentation to be within xv dayes after it vaik 
quhilk gif thai slip than to pertane to the towne 
(hac vice) and gif thai failzie of aventur and beis 
nocht levand to pertene to the toune for evermair." 
The presentation appears to have been filled by 
Maister Thomas Forbes, and was resigned through 
his procurator James Douglas in 1525 to the care 
of the Town Council, who admitted and gave the 
chaplaincy to Sir David Frussel. This last enjoyed 
the emoluments till 1533, when he died. It was 
then vacant for a year, when it was again filled up 
by the Town Council presenting Sir John Wilson. 
We have been unable to trace any other after this 
period ; but this information is necessary to explain 
the seeming contradiction betwixt the extracts from 
the Records of the City of Edinburgh and those of 
the Hammermen. 



THE CHAPLAINS xli 

It will be seen that the Chaplain of St Eloi's 
Altar was thus converted by the Town Council of 
Edinburgh into a sinecure chaplaincy or prebendary- 
ship, probably granted through influence. It is not 
recorded what the emoluments of this prebendary- 
ship amounted to in the year ; but it is certain that 
whatever endowments the Hammermen obtained, or 
had bequeathed to them for the altar would be 
rigorously looked after, and they would take care 
that none of those rentals and dues should go past 
their own chaplain. A reference to the memorandum, 
given in the accounts for the year 1553, shows the 
extent of the endowment belonging solely to the 
upkeep of the altar under the control of the 
Hammermen. While the final memorandum of 
these extracts reveals that, in the year 1560, the 
Hammermen made good their claim to the various 
items given in 1553; but not the slightest mention 
is anywhere found regarding the endowment of John 
Dalrymple. 

Owing to the numerical and pecuniary import- 
ance of the Hammermen, the appointment as their 
chaplain would be eagerly sought after, and it is 
evident that they exercised their power of election 
with great prudence and foresight. How many 
years previous to 1494 Sir Thomas Linlithgow had 
been appointed we do not learn ; but as his name 
disappears in the year 1 503 it is reasonable to assume 
that his term of office had been of some duration, 
and that old age alone caused his retirement in the 
last-mentioned year. A remarkable minute in the 
accounts for the year 1496 affords us a very pleasing 
glimpse of the relations existing between a priest of 



xlii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

those times and his flock. In this minute, it will be 
noticed, he had presented a petition for an increase 
of stipend. He was, perhaps, led to do so because 
of increased labours, as the Incorporation had just 
obtained a new " Seal of Cause " l the acquisition of 
which figures in the accounts for the year 1495 as 
costing them thirty shillings. This " Seal of Cause " 
specially provides for increased dues being levied 
for the upkeep and maintenance of the altar. It is 
evident that these dues were cheerfully and readily 

1 It may here be mentioned that the existence of a " Seal of Cause " 
of this date will be a matter of surprise to a large number of persons, 
seeing there is not the slightest hint to be found in the extracts of the 
Records of the Burgh of Edinburgh. Not only is this "Seal of 
Cause" omitted, but also the names of the provost and baillies for 
the year 1495-6. Possibly this may be due to the fragmentary con- 
dition of the original manuscript of the City Records ; but fortunately 
we are able to supply from these names this document. The original 
is in existence yet, and, strange to say, it is the only charter 
mentioned in that curious work by Alexander Pennecuik entitled 
"An Historical Account of the Blue Blanket, or Craftsmen's 
Banner." He in turn seems to have been unaware of the "Seal 
of Cause" granted in 1483. The Hammermen had an accurate 
copy made in a separate volume, which they entitled "Acts and 
Statutes," and from it we give the names missing from the Records 
of the Burgh of Edinburgh. 

Andro Bertram Pro vest 1496. 

George Ed ward son' 
Johne Levington 



Alexr. Crawfurd 
James Aikman 
John Bisset 



- Baillies. 



It is curious to note that, although the goldsmiths are included in 
the list of trades represented by the Hammermen, none of them appear 
to have taken an active part in the management of the craft's affairs. 
If they did not secede at an early date they certainly held aloof. 

We give this " Seal of Cause " in Appendix B. 



THE CHAPLAINS xliii 

met ; and Sir Thomas probably felt justified in 
petitioning for an increase of his stipend. We find 
that in response to this petition a further yearly sum 
of four pounds was granted. The closing words of 
the minute are interesting, "As lang as he make 
guid service and pleases ye craft such lyke as he has 
done hitherto." We find nothing in them to justify 
the popular belief in the priestly tyranny of those 
times. Indeed, the language used conveys quite 
another impression, and may well lead us to pause 
and consider whether our estimate of the power of 
the clergy before the Reformation is not an ex- 
aggerated one. 

The long minute dated 3rd July 1495 records that 
a quarrel between two members of the craft had been 
settled not by physical force but "that ilk ane 
of yame tak ye other be ye hands and ask each 
others forgiveness, and to forgif all rancouris and 
malis bygane. And in tyme to come to leif and 
shew charatie ilk ane till another and never mair 
hae ony strife between yame." Such an incident 
reflects equal credit on priest and people, and may 
well teach us that the higher Christian graces are 
not confined to our more privileged times, but 
flourished and brought forth fruit in the hearts and 
lives of the men of the fifteenth century likewise. 

We find no mention in the Records of the manner 
in which a new chaplain was appointed. But we 
gather that in 1 505 Sir Thomas Linlithgow was too 
feeble for the full duties of his office. This explains 
the item, occurring on St Eloi's day of that year, of 
seventeen pence to Sir William Brown for his labours, 
although Sir Thomas draws his full stipend that year. 



xliv THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

It is evident that he was alive for at least three 
years later, and probably drew the four pounds, already 
referred to, as a pension. The payment in 1509 of the 
full stipend to Sir William Brown warrants the 
assumption that Sir Thomas Linlithgow was now 
dead, and Sir William sole chaplain. 

For seventeen years from that date Sir William 
Brown faithfully performed the varied duties of his 
office ; and it was during his term of chaplaincy, as 
we have before noted, that the improvement and 
embellishment of the altar was undertaken. Sir 
William appears not only to have been a faithful 
and efficient priest, but a brave and devoted man, 
for we learn that he had the courage to remain at 
his post during the time of the pestilence. This 
scourge, as is well known, was more or less pre- 
valent in Edinburgh during the sixteenth century, 
and a number of drastic measures were enforced for 
its suppression notably one dated 27th August, 1519, 
" It is statute and ordanit be the president baillies and 
counsale that na maner of persouns quhilkis cummis 
fra suspect places or that is infectit with contagious 
seiknes of pestilence cum within this burgh in tyme 
to cum under the payne of deid " etc. Burgh Records 
vol. i. p. 190. Sir William evidently undertook the 
dangerous duty of attending the sick and such as were 
suspected to be so, as he was away from his ordinary 
duties for six months (see accounts for 1519); and for 
this devotion he seems to have paid with his life 
although not a victim of the plague. Everything was 
done by his faithful people which seemed likely to aid 
his recovery. They paid his expenses to Dunfermline, 
probably with the idea that a change might do him 



THE CHAPLAINS xlv 

good. They also gave him a silver crown and hammer, 
as a memento of his connection with their craft, along 
with a further grant of forty shillings to pay his 
expenses while there. But all was in vain ; and in 
1521 they paid him the last honour it was in their 
power to bestow by being at the full expense of his 
funeral. The items in the accounts for the year 1521, 
which record this, are exceedingly quaint and interest- 
ing, and it is not improbable that he was buried under 
the "throuch stone" or tombstone, that was immedi- 
ately before the altar. He was interred at night, and 
in the mention of the five quarts of "ail " drunk at his 
" waik " we find reference to a custom which survives 
among Roman Catholics to this day. The heavy 
item for candles and the sum paid for the loan of the 
silver candlesticks belonging to the town show that 
everything was done to make the ceremony as im- 
pressive as possible. While the sending of the bell- 
man through the town to intimate his death and 
burial warrants the surmise that a large number of 
the townsmen would attend to mark their high 
esteem and deep respect for the memory of Sir 
William Brown, the Chaplain of the Hammermen 
of Edinburgh. 

For a year or two after Sir William's death the 
Hammermen do not seem to have had a permanent 
chaplain. And it is not till 1524 that the name of 
Sir John Smith first appears. So far as we can 
judge from the Records he seems to have served 
them fairly well for fifteen years from that date. 
In 1538, this Sir John Smith (for some reason that 
does not appear) had to be protected from an attack 
made on him by an individual named William 



xlvi THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

Gyralaw. As this was the year James V. married 
Mary of Lorraine, the sister of the Duke of Guise, 
the attack may have been due to the disobedience 
of the assailant in not performing the duty assigned 
to him in the general orders issued to all craftsmen 
for the rejoicing when the Queen made her public 
entry into Edinburgh. But as we know the Arch- 
deacon of St Andrews was present in Edinburgh 
on that occasion, the mention in the accounts for 
the year 1539 of a sum of four shillings being paid 
to Crawfurd, who was the Hammermen's officer, for 
the expenses of his journey from Edinburgh to 
St Andrews seems to suggest that the affair was 
more serious than the Records reveal. The mission 
resulted in Sir John's suspension ; but at the end of 
six months (1540) he was reappointed. He retained 
his office till 1544, when he had to be confined in 
the Tolbooth. The Hammermen appear to have 
protected him for a time, and on his incarceration 
claimed his " claythis " or vestment as their property. 
He was probably a very litigious person, and rather 
fitted to be a lawyer than a priest, judging by the 
numerous entries in the Hammermen's accounts 
regarding lawsuits they were involved in. 

After the dismissal of Sir John Smith, the 
Hammermen did not at once appoint another per- 
manent priest. The next was Sir William Wodhall, 
who died in 1 546 ; and as he was unable to perform 
the whole duties, another was associated with him 
whose name was Sir William Banatyne. This last- 
mentioned priest filled the chaplaincy till the time 
of the Reformation, and would no doubt take part 
in the struggles of those stirring days. He stuck 



THE CHAPLAINS xlvii 

to his duties till 1558, and, though no mention is 
made of disbursements on the altar, the fact of his 
name appearing at the end of the accounts shows, 
that, however dangerous was his position, he had 
the courage to remain and to be firm to his duty 
as long as he was allowed. In this resolution he was 
no doubt supported by the craftsmen, whose faithful 
friend and counsellor he had been for twelve years ; 
and it is certain that he was allowed to retire quietly 
and to enjoy the pension which they paid him for 
at least two years after. In 1560 there is mention 
of a payment of five pounds being made to him ; 
and although his name does not appear again in 
connection with the Hammermen, yet it is evident 
that he, along with a number of other chaplains, 
were allowed to retire, and enjoy at least a part of 
the emoluments of their sacred offices. 

Their treatment redounds to the credit of the 
Reforming party, and was prompted no doubt by 
the respect which the godly lives and self-sacrificing 
labours of those often poorly paid Pre-Reformation 
chaplains evoked. 



CHAPTER VI 

SAINT ELOI'S MASS BOOK 

THE first Missal, or Service Book, used at the Altar 
of St Eloi appears to have been an illuminated 
manuscript on vellum, judging by the precautions 
taken for its preservation and safe-keeping. Formally 
handed over to the charge of the new deacon on 
his election to office, it had to be accounted for 
when he retired annually. Once or twice we find 
mention in the accounts of sums paid for fresh skins 
(probably slip covers) to the boards, and as these 
cost eight shillings and eightpence each, it was 
evidently reckoned of considerable value. We can- 
not tell how long it had been in use, as there is no 
mention of its acquisition, and it may have been to 
ensure its preservation as a belonging of the craft 
(and at the same time follow the fashion), or, perhaps, 
because it had become faulty, that the Hammermen 
decided in 1523 to buy a new one for twenty- two 
pence. 

This was certainly not, like its predecessor, an 
illuminated manuscript, and no mention is made 
afterwards of its safe-keeping. 

By 1 509 the importation of Missals of the Use of 
Salisbury type, as well as other works from the 
English and French presses became a menace to 
Walter Chepman who, " at the desyre of our souerane 

xlviii 



SAINT ELOFS MASS BOOK xlix 

lord, furnist and brocht hame ane prent and prent- 
aris, for prenting of croniclis, missalis, portuuss, and 
utheris bukis within this realme, and to seclude 
Salisberys use." These he established at the foot of 
Blackfriars Wynd in the Southgait (Cowgate). 1 

Among the books he printed was the famous 
Aberdeen Breviary compiled by Bishop Elphinstone, 
of which only four copies are known now to exist. 
This was reproduced by James Toovey in 1854, but 
is rendered of little value from the student's point of 
view by the difficulty of deciphering the numerous 
contractions, many of which are peculiar to the work. 

It is highly probable that in selecting their Missal, 
the Hammermen would pay particular attention to 

1 The establishment of this, the first printing press in Scotland, is 
of some importance. In the patent of James IV. we read "It is 
divisit and thocht expedient be us and our counsell, that in tyme 
cuming mess bukis, efter our awin scottis use, and with ' legendis of 
Scottis sanctis,' as is now gaderit and ekit be ane Reverend fader in 
God, and our traist cousalour Williame bischope of Abirdene and 
utheris, be usit generaly within all our Realme." From this we are 
left to infer that James IV., acting under the influence of Bishop 
Elphinstone, had distinctly in view the introduction of a new Service 
Book as one of the public benefits to be derived from the introduction 
of the printing press. Walter Chepman was an Edinburgh merchant 
who stood high in the King's favour, and appears to have joined with 
Andrew Myllar, the Edinburgh bookseller, in this venture. It is not 
likely that he had any knowledge of the printing art, but that he relied 
upon Myllar to supervise the foreign workmen. It is significant that 
after the completion of the Aberdeen Breviary in 1510 neither Chepman 
nor Myllar continued their labours, so far as can be traced. The press 
was probably sold to some of the foreigners who had worked it for 
him, as some years later a supplement to the Breviary was issued by 
John Story. This contained some of the legends omitted from the 
Breviary. Of the Missals printed in Edinburgh before the Reformation 
not a single trace can be found, showing how thorough and con- 
scientious the Anti-Popery agitation was carried out in 1560. 
d 



1 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

the fact that it was not an infringement of the trade 
rights they held so sacred. At the same time we 
have no authority for believing that the Aberdeen 
service was ever established throughout the land. 
The battle of Flodden may have ended its career as 
well as that of King James IV., who gave Scotland 
so much of its constitutional liberty. 



CHAPTER VII 
THE CHOIR AND SERVICE IN ST GILES 

THE important part music played in the ritual of 
the church and great pains were taken to render 
that part of the service efficient is indicated 
by the constantly recurring charges for saying the 
saints' mass through all the years the expenses are 
noted, the item paid for the services of the choir 
occurring regularly. Whatever may have been the 
degree of culture of the citizens of Edinburgh in 
Pre-Reformation times, it is certain that music was 
both cultivated and appreciated. Possibly this was 
due to the excellence of the church music ; and as 
these church recitals were of almost daily occurrence, 
the people would learn to appreciate really good 
music, and would be satisfied with nothing else, even 
at their secular entertainments. 

In trying to form an idea of this choir of St Giles 
we have to go back to 1466, when the church was 
changed from a parish church into a collegiate 
foundation. Provision was then made for forming a 
choir to consist of a minister and four choristers. 
The number of boy choristers does not appear to 
have been increased at any future time, as the quaint 
item of eightpence being paid to the " bairns of the 
quoir," is the total amount so disbursed yearly, from 
1494 up to the Reformation, as a gratuity of two- 



lii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

pence each, separate from the regular charge paid to 
the Chapter. 

These choristers were trained and supervized by 
the minister of the choir who, of course, was a priest. 
His appointment by the town as Master of the 
Song-school was one of some value, for besides having 
control of the boys, he was prebendary of the choir 
also ; his duties in the latter post being to furnish 
wax to the High Altar and oil to the lamp. For 
these combined duties he received a stipend of nearly 
thirteen pounds annually, and had in addition the 
rent of his house paid. 

From the regular charge of four shillings being 
made for the service of the choir at a saint's mass, up 
to thirteen shillings and fourpence for a " saull " mass 
and dirge, it would appear that the money so ex- 
pended must have amounted to a goodly sum, seeing 
there were so many separate altars and foundations, 
each with its different day for celebrating its particular 
saint or festival.* 

The vocal part of these ordinary services must 
have been sung in unison or antiphonally, as there 
were only four treble voices. But when we examine 
the items in connection with those services, for which 
a charge of thirteen shillings and fourpence was made, 
we find that they included the attendance of six 
adult choristers, who were sometimes priests and 
sometimes laymen. 

Primarily fostered by the church as a necessary 
adjunct to her services, the maintenance and training 
of this choir appears to have been left entirely in the 
hands of the Town Council who, evidently, spared no 
expense and trouble to bring up this part of the 



CHOIR AND SERVICE IN ST GILES liii 

service to a state of high efficiency as the following 
extracts show : 

" In January, 1552-3, James Lauder, prebendary of 
their choir, obtained a licence to pas furth of the 
realme to the partis of England and France, thair to 
remane for the space of ane yeir next eftir the dait 
hereof, to the effect that he may have and get better 
erudition in Musik and Playing nor he hes " l 

"15 December, 1553, The baillies and counsale 
ordanis the thesaurar Robert Graham to content and 
pay Sir Eduard Henrisoun maister of thair sang scule 
the sowme of vj merkis for the Mertymes last by 
past and Witsounday maill nixt to cum of the sang 
scule now occupijt be him." 2 

The latter seems to suggest that the school was 
held for the time being in a house rented for him : 
a surmise which is strengthened by the information 
that in 1554 the Town Council rebuilt or repaired the 
Song-school. 

"27 April 1554, The baillies and counsale sittand 
in jugement ordanis the dene of gild to repair and 
vpbig the Sang Scule in the Kirk Yard as it wes of 
befoir sua that the barnis may enter thairto and 
inhabit the samyn." 

In addition to the above, we are enabled from the 
same volume to glean the name of at least one adult 
chorister, named Alexander Stevenson, his salary and 
duties being so carefully drafted that it is clear the 

1 Reg. Cart. Eccl. S. Egidii, p. xlvii. In 1551 Sir John Fety 
resigned the mastership of the Music School, ibid, xcviii. In 1552 
James Lauder is quoted as prebendary of St Catherine's Altar, ibid. ci. 

2 Burgh Records, vol. ii. p. 185. Ibid. 192. 



liv THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

Town Council would have nothing but well-trained 
voices. 

In addition to this vocal part of the service, the 
early and sustained payments for the use of the organ 
show that by 1494 such a musical instrument was in 
St Giles. No mention is to be found in the Charter 
granted by James III. in 1466 of an organ being in 
use or in the church, and the probability is that it was 
erected after 1470, when the bull issued by Pope Paul 
II. was received, exempting the clergy of St Giles 
from the jurisdiction of the Bishop of St Andrews, 
and subjecting the same directly to the Holy See. 
Another factor in this surmise is that it was about 
this date the extension of the choir eastward was 
completed. Its location is a matter of some un- 
certainty ; but all available information points to its 
having been situated in a separate loft or gallery in 
the choir. We hazard the opinion that a screen was 
stretched across between the two massive east pillars 
of the tower, and that it was placed on this screen in 
much the same manner as in some cathedral 
churches to-day. From its situation the player could 
command a view, not only of the High Altar, which 
it directly faced, but of most of the numerous aisles 
and chapels. This instrument was of considerable 
range, as the payments for the blowing of the bellows 
indicate, and its volume would probably be sufficient 
throughout the church to prove a powerful support 
to the choir serving at any of the altars. 

In 1555 Alexander Scot was paid ten pounds for 
a year to sing in the choir on all the holy and festal 
days, and also to play the organ when required by 
the Town Council. We also learn that on the comple- 



CHOIR AND SERVICE IN ST GILES Iv 

tion of the grand wood stalls, which were erected in 
the choir of St Giles in 1554, the Town Council paid 
John Fietie 1 twenty-three shillings for tuning this 
same organ. Other entries might be given relating 
to this instrument, but perhaps enough has been 
quoted to warrant the assumption made in a former 
chapter that everything in St Giles Church before 
1560 was upon an elaborate scale, and of the best 
description that at the period was obtainable. 

1 Possibly the same person as Sir John Fety, Henrisoun's predecessor. 



CHAPTER VIII 

HAMMERMEN'S FUNERAL CUSTOMS AND THEIR 
TOMBSTONES IN ST GILES 

ONE of the most deeply rooted and almost universal 
sentiments which govern the customs of the human 
race is the desire, on the part of the sorrowing 
relatives and friends, to pay due respect to their 
beloved dead, and especially to honour them by as 
splendid a funeral as circumstances will permit. This 
natural and, in the main, praiseworthy sentiment 
finds its expression in many varieties of ceremonies, 
in accordance with the divers beliefs and national 
customs of the mourners. 

From a very early period in the social history of 
Scotland, we find that the mort-cloth was an in- 
dispensable accessary to the ceremony among all 
classes of society, and of whatsoever religious per- 
suasion. Although this custom has almost disap- 
peared in our cities and large towns, there are some 
villages and country districts where it still survives. 
Its use was no doubt prompted by two motives 
vanity and convenience : the first being weakness of 
human nature ; the second a perfectly justifiable 
one. 

To many a poor craftsman in the days gone by, the 
struggle for existence was keen in the extreme ; but 
when the time came for him to quit it forever, he was 

Ivi 



HAMMERMEN'S FUNERAL CUSTOMS Ivii 

comforted not a little by knowing that however poor 
and mean-looking his "deid chest" might be, its 
poverty would be concealed from curious eyes on its 
way to its last resting-place by the mort-cloth of his 
craft. 1 

Every craft and district in Scotland had then this 
apparently necessary adjunct to burials, though vary- 
ing of course in material and decorations. But, as we 
see from the accounts of 1497, the mort-cloth 2 be- 
longing to the Hammermen of Edinburgh was of un- 
usual size and richness. Undoubtedly its acquisition 
was prompted by a desire to out-vie the other crafts- 
men of the city. They evidently hesitated a good 
deal before incurring the expense of so costly an 
article. But seeing that the dignity of the craft was 
at stake they decided to devote the then large sum of 
thirty pounds sixteen shillings (less a penny) to its 
purchase. They knew that when the funeral pro- 
cession of a departed brother wended its way from 
one of the numerous wynds and closes, which 
branched off from that old, old street, the "Hie 
gait," there would be no need for the bye-standers 
to enquire who or what he was whose obsequies 
were being thus celebrated, for the gorgeous pall 
would proclaim that he who lay beneath it was a 
member of the Hammermen craft. Perhaps, after 
all, the money thus expended was not such a very 

1 See page xiii, where the duty of the craft in this respect is quoted 
from the Seal of Cause of the Masons and Wrights. 

2 This mort-cloth appears to have been in constant use till I539> a 
period of over forty years, when a new one was made. Costly as the old 
one had been, yet the new one exceeded it in price by nearly twenty 
pounds, thus showing the great importance the Hammermen attached 
to the use and possession of a funeral pall. 



Iviii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

bad investment, for it served the double purpose 
of soothing the feelings of the immediate relatives, 
and demonstrating the wealth and importance of 
the craft. 

The details of the making and material used for 
this mort-cloth, as given in the accounts, are very 
interesting. From them we learn that the embroidery 
work was executed by a foreigner, named Gerrard de 
Haustin ; while another item informs us how much 
they took from their cash-box to add to the sum in 
hand for the purpose, in order to make up the desired 
amount. 

The highest and most influential men of the craft 
were chosen for its custodians; and strange to say 
there does not seem to have been any fee exacted for 
its use. This seems to indicate a strong feeling of 
brotherhood among the members of the craft, and 
that in those days the distinction betwixt rich and 
poor was kept subordinate to the common desire to 
duly honour every member of the craft, irrespective 
of his social status. 1 

Agreed as the craftsmen were in thus publicly 
honouring their fellows without regard to rank or 
fortune, a sharp distinction was made, however, when 
it came to the choice of the location of their last 
resting-place. There was in these early days a keen 
competition for the much-coveted privilege of a 
burial-place in St Giles. This is not to be wondered 
at, when we consider that the long grassy slope, 
south from the church to the Cowgate, was the only 

1 This cannot be said of the nineteenth century, for it was not un- 
usual to see in the printed scale of charges the price asked for the use 
of the best mort-cloth, followed by the fee for the second best. 



HAMMERMEN'S FUNERAL CUSTOMS lix 

other place available for the purpose. Numberless 
generations were already interred there ; and it is 
natural that people should shrink from consigning 
their dead to a spot already so overcrowded, and 
where they were liable to be disturbed at some future 
time to make room for fresh occupants. And here 
it was that wealth prevailed, for in the keen com- 
petition for these lairs the highest bidder would 
probably have the best chance of securing them. As 
opportunity arose, the Hammermen acquired lairs, 
and, as it is noted that they were for the use of St 
Eloi's Altar, the inducement was probably held out 
that legacies of a certain amount carried with them a 
right to this burial site. 

When we consider the various other crafts, as well 
as the nobility and wealthy citizens, who were ever 
on the watch to purchase those that were for sale, we 
can understand the importance their acquisition gave 
to the purchasers, Not only did they acquire a 
burial-place for themselves ; but in the case of the 
various craftsmen it would be well understood that as 
long as their craft survived as a body disturbance of 
the remains would not be permitted, at least for the 
interment of strangers. 

At what date the Hammermen first acquired these 
" trouchtis " in St Giles is unknown ; but in 1525 they 
were the owners of three, which had increased to five 
by 1532. While in 1546, either by purchase or be- 
queathal, they were in possession of nine. Among the 
loose charters of the Hammermen Incorporation, the 
writer has unearthed a sasine of the sale and 
purchase of two of them in the year 1525, which 
is here given : 



Ix THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



Instrument of Sasine dated %th May 1525 & 

i^th indiction & 2 d year of Pontificate 
of Pope Clement VII. 

In presence of N.P. W sub s appeared personally an 
honest man William Rae, Burgess of Edin r & went 
to the personal presence of Andrew Caithkin Deacon 
of the Masters of the Hammermen of Edin r> and 
there the s d W. Rae not influenced by force or by 
fear nor not by mistake not compelled or coacted 
but of his own free pure & spontaneous will, 
gave delivered, forever from himself & his heirs, to 
the s d Andrew the Deacon in name of the Church of 
the Altar of S l Elogius. two stone tablets, called the 
trouchis lying in the Collegiate Church of S l Giles of 
Edin r on the North of the same & with acquitance of 
the Dean of Guild for the time, (viz) Edward Litill 
Burgess of the said Burgh whose letter follows in the 
vulgar tongue & is as follows 

I Edward Litill, Den of Guyld & burgis of 
Edinburgh grantis. me Weill content & payit be ye 
handis & Deliverance of William Ray burgis of ye 
said bur 1 of ye sovme of forty schillings vsuell money 
of Scotland for ye rovme and lair of twa trouchis 
wt n ye collag Kirk of Sanct Geill one ye northsyde of 
ye samyn markit W 1 ane hammir & crovne between 
the haly watt 1 fant & ye Maidlen Altar & betwix 
Sancte Elois Alter & Sancte Nycollis He W 1 all other 
needful clams, of ye quilk soome of forty schillings I 
hald me weill content & thankfully payit & dis- 

1 Holy Water Fount. 



HAMMERMEN'S FUNERAL CUSTOMS Ixi 

charges & quit clamis, ye said William his hyris or 
Assignais for now and evir. 

In witness hereof I haif subscrivit yis presents 
acquittance w l my hand at Edin h ye third day of 
Marche ye zeir of God M, twenty & foure zeiris 
before thir witness James Blak Jameis Braneverd 
and Sir Johnne Cudell w 4 various others. Edward 
Litill w l my hand at ye pen upon all & sundry the 
premises the foresaid Caithking Deacon aforesaid in 
name of the Church Aforesaid asked from me Notary 
public instrument or public instruments should be 
made to him. These things were done in the Church 
of S l Giles Edin r about 4 o'clock in the afternoon or 
thereabout in the year month day Indiction & Ponti- 
ficate above noted there being present honest men, 
Andrew Muncur, William Smeberd, John Smeberd 
Thomas Smith Henry Lorymer & Patrick Scott 
burgesses of the burgh of Edinburgh with divers 
other witnesses called & required to the premises 

John Smith Presbyter of 
S l Andrews Diocese 
Notary Public by sacred 
Apostolic authority 

This document, which is engrossed on vellum, is 
written partly in Latin and partly in Scots ; and is, 
so far as we have been able to discover, the only 
document of its kind relating to St Giles dating from 
Pre-Reformation times now extant. It is given here 
as affording an example of the scrupulous fairness and 
business-like exactitude with which the sale of these 
"trouchtis" was conducted. It will here be noticed 
that, contrary to accepted ideas, the sole rights of 



Ixii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

disposal were in the hands of the Town Council who 
must, from first to last, have derived considerable 
sums from these sales. 

The memorandum given in the account for the 
year 1546 has been already noticed in the chapter 
dealing with the site of the altar. But we must again 
refer to it here, as it, along with the sasine, mentions 
another matter of great interest namely, the Holy 
Water Font. The sasine gives one tomb as being 
situated between the Haly Watt Fant and the 
Maidlen or Magdalen Altar. The memorandum 
describing this tomb gives the same information, but 
adds the important item that the Hale Watt Stane 
was at the North Kirk Door. 

This old Norman doorway was swept away about 
1797, and it is well known that it occupied the site 
where the third window from the west on the north 
side of the nave now is, although not a vestige of the 
original masonry now remains. While the extensive 
restorations, undertaken by Dr Chambers, were in 
progress this old Holy Water Font was discovered 
almost at the original spot, and it can now be seen 
built into the wall near the north-west corner of the 
Session House of the Church, probably the site where 
it originally stood, but built into the wall a little 
higher than in Pre- Reformation times. This interest- 
ing relic carries our thoughts back five hundred years. 
Every care has been taken to preserve its ancient 
character; and, battered, fragmentary, and devoid 
of ornamentation as it now is, its simplicity of con- 
struction enables us to identify it with the short de- 
scription given. It will ever remain a mystery how 
it escaped total destruction, as it is well known 



HAMMERMEN'S FUNERAL CUSTOMS Ixiii 

that the Reforming party were zealous in clearing 
the building of everything relating to the old faith. 
That so conspicuous an article as the Holy Water 
Stane should escape their vigilance seems unlikely, 
and the probability is that it was removed from its place 
and utilized in some alteration which they thought 
necessary to make at this part. 

There is only one more " troucht " mentioned after 
this, namely in 1553, when one was coft from John 
Cochrane and described as lying at St Sebastian's 
Altar. This gives the ten " trouchis " the total 
number of which mention can be found before the 
Reformation. It appears that instead of the names 
of those who were laid beneath being carved on the 
stone, they were marked with a "brass" on which 
was inscribed a crown and hammer the armorial 
bearings of the craft. There are a number of entries 
referring to these "brasses" such as items giving 
their price and the cost of affixing them with lead. 
The " brasses " themselves have long since disappeared, 
but the marks where they were fastened remained on 
the stones till within recent years. We understand 
that a number of these old craft memorials were 
removed during the restoration of 1830; and it is 
mentioned that a number of them bore various craft 
insignias executed in a rough coarse manner. We 
may believe, however, that the roughness here spoken 
of was not, as was supposed, produced by ill-carved 
crests or insignias, but were the marks left by the 
affixing of these " brasses " which every troucht in St 
Giles belonging to any craftsmen's Incorporation 
undoubtedly bore. 

When we consider the number of Incorporations in 



Ixiv THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

the city, and that each of them had their special 
burial site in St Giles, we can imagine the spectacle 
the floor of the church would present. If we take 
the number of " trouchis " possessed by each Incorpor- 
ation as averaging ten, we find (the number of In- 
corporations being fourteen) that they amounted to 
one hundred and forty. This accounts for the odd 
manner in which some of them were located such 
as below the pulpit, and other out-of-the-way spots. 
The "trouchtis" were the sole property of the 
craft whose " brass " they bore ; and so long as 
they retained them none would dare to dispute their 
possession by the craft as the rightful owners. 
Whatever revolutions occurred in Church and State, 
these crafts continued to flourish, and maintained 
their right of sepulture in the Church of St Giles 
up to comparatively modern times. It is impossible 
to guess how many persons have been interred in 
this old building, but we may be sure that among 
their number the most influential members of the 
Hammermen Incorporation have found their last 
resting-place. 



CHAPTER IX 

THE HAMMERMEN'S PROCESSIONS AND SACRED PLAYS 

ONE of the special features of everyday life in Pre- 
Reformation times, was the attention and time given 
to the observation of the numerous festival days 
held in honour of the patron saints of each particular 
craft. These, of course, were specially associated with 
the religious life of the citizens and received the 
support and sanction of the clergy ; while the secular 
side was provided for by the holding of wappinschaws 
and sports. Encouraged by Church and State, the 
observation of these public festivals served a double 
purpose, for while the martial spirit of the people 
was encouraged by the sports, the clergy improved 
the opportunity afforded by these saints' days for 
their religious instruction. The means employed for 
the furtherance of this latter object was the per- 
formance of rude dramatic representations of 
Scriptural subjects, which were at first acted in 
churches, and afterwards in the street on a movable 
stage. 

These Scriptural dramas were a feature in Pre- 
Reformation days, and were not confined to any 
country or people. All over the world, wherever 
the Romish Church held sway, these plays were a 
recognised institution, and have survived in some 
places even to the present day. No doubt the 

P Ixv 



Ixvi THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

number and scope of the plays so acted would be 
large ; but unfortunately the information which has 
come down regarding them is very scanty. 1 We 
know that from the beginning of the sixteenth 
century up to the time of the Reformation a number 
of public plays, which were written by the best 
scholars of the time, were acted in Edinburgh ; but, 
as these were in general allegorical or fantastic in 
their treatment, they could not be compared with 
these old dramas founded on religious themes. 

In the Records of the Crafts we find mention of 
these old plays being acted before the citizens of 
Edinburgh. In the year 1505 we gather the title 
of one from payments recorded in the accounts of 
that year to " Herod and his two daughters," and 
the sum given for the five booths in which the play 
would be held. By 1507 the number of players 
was augmented as, in addition to the three previously 
named, we find mention of sums paid to four knights, 
and four "wiffis." These characters continued to 
be the stock company up till 1516, after which date 
all traces of them finally disappear. 

Thus it will be seen that, for a period of eleven 
years, the Hammermen craft was at the expense 
of the production of the sacred drama of "King 
Herod " for the enjoyment and edification of 
their members on Corpus Christi day. We can 
learn nothing, however, of the manner in which 
this play was produced, or how they treated the 
subject. 

The following condensed narration of a similar 

1 For information on this subject we refer the reader to William 
Hone's. * ' Ancient Mysteries Described. " 



PROCESSIONS AND SACRED PLAYS Ixvii 

play, performed in the town of San Lionel in Mexico 
in the beginning of the nineteenth century, quoted 
from Mr Bayard Taylor's " Eldorado," by Longfellow 
in a note to his poem of the "Golden Legend," 
may be of interest. 

" Against the wing wall of the Hacienda del Mayo 
was raised a platform, on which stood a table 
covered with a scarlet cloth. A rude bower of cane 
leaves on one end of the platform represented the 
manger of Bethlehem. There was quite a crowd in 
the place, and soon a procession appeared coming 
up from the lower part of the town. The three 
kings took the lead, and the Virgin Mary, and 
several women with curious masks of paper brought 
up the rear. King Herod took his seat at the table 
attended by his prime minister, while before him 
walked two men, in long white robes and blue hoods, 
with parchment folios in their hands. These were 
the wise men of the East. These two magi and 
the three kings came forward to the table, and 
inquired for the sovereign whose star had summoned 
them hither. They were invited to ascend the 
platform and were introduced to Herod as the only 
King ; but this did not seem to satisfy them. An 
angel then summoned them to the booth which 
contained the manger. There upon their knees 
they were shown a small wooden box supposed to 
contain the sacred infant. They then retired. 

"After their departure, King Herod expressed 
himself greatly perturbed by what had just occurred. 
Longfellow in his poem of the " Golden Legend " 
introduces this scene in the part entitled the 
" Nativity," and makes Herod exclaim : 



Ixviii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

" Polz-laurend Himmel sacrament 
Filled I am with great wonderment 

At this unwelcome news. 
Am I not Herod ? Who shall dare 
My crown to take, my sceptre bear 

As King among the Jews. 

" Now at the window will I stand, 
While in the street the armed band 

The little children slay. 
The babe just born in Bethlehem, 
Will surely slaughtered be with them 

Nor live another day." 

The angel on hearing this gave warning to the 
Virgin, who quickly got down from the platform. 
Herod's prime minister directed all the children to 
be handed up for execution. A boy a ragged 
sarape was caught and thrust forward. The 
minister took him by the heels in spite of his kicking, 
and held his head on the table. The boy's little 
brother and sister thinking he was really to be 
decapitated yelled at the top of their voices, which 
threw the crowd into a roar of laughter. King 
Herod brought down his sword with a thwack on the 
table, and the prime minister dipping a brush into a 
pot of white paint which stood before him, made a 
flaring cross on the boy's face and let him go, etc." 

Possibly all this would not be gone through by the 
Edinburgh players ; but if a literal rendering of the 
gospel narrative was attempted, it is certain that 
some of the incidents quoted above would be acted, 
especially the latter part. 

Probably owing to the repeated presentation of 
this drama, the Hammermen grew tired of it, and 
dropped its production. The procession of the craft 



PROCESSIONS AND SACRED PLAYS Ixix 

through the town was (as the extracts show) more to 
their taste, and they enjoyed themselves after their 
own fashion on Corpus Christi day. The details of 
these processions are stated minutely, and bring out 
in a vivid manner the trouble and expense incurred 
to produce a spectacle worthy of the wealthy and 
powerful craft of the Hammermen of Edinburgh. 

From the unfailing regularity with which the 
function is noted in the old extracts, we see that even 
in those periods which are always referred to as 
being most disastrous to Scotland such as the Battle 
of Flodden in 1513, and the invasion and burning of 
Edinburgh in 1544 the Hammermen of Edinburgh 
continued their observance of them. 

Among the items noted in the accounts in con- 
nection with this festival the charge for ale and bread 
is one of the most frequent. And from this we 
conclude that the season (of which two, the first and 
the octave or eighth day of the festival are specially 
mentioned) was a time of considerable licence, which 
but ill-accorded with the sentiments this originally 
sacred institution was intended to evoke. 

The mention of payment to the " Abbot of Narent," 
or Lord of Misrule, and the sums given for powder, 
seem to indicate that the whole affair was of a some- 
what noisy description. The procession was headed 
by a band of musicians with instruments of various 
descriptions, and the frequent payment for skins for 
the swash 1 or drum shows the rough treatment it 
received. We are also informed of other musical 
instruments then available. Perhaps the most 
curiously named one was the " buzoon " or " bovun." 

1 The swas or swash was a large drum of the ' kettle ' character. 



Ixx THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

This was the bagpipe, and we gather from the entries 
for repairs after the day of the procession, that it was 
not more tenderly handled than the drum. 

The Hammermen continued to conduct the observ- 
ance of these processions unaided till the year 1529, 
when they joined with the Wright and Mason crafts 
in its celebration a co-partnery which was continued 
till the Reformation. Their reason for doing so is 
unknown; but perhaps the terms of the Edict of 
James V. 1 (which, however, was of little use for the 
purpose for which it was granted) may have had 
something to do with it. But there can be no doubt 
that the appearance presented by the procession of 
these two powerful crafts, arrayed in all their holiday 
splendour, would be an imposing spectacle. 

It is evident that the most of the trained musicians 
were Frenchmen. Of these, one named Jaques Hog, 
who had two sons, was perhaps the most popular. 
The payments made to this family from 1537 up to 
the time of the Reformation (especially if we include 
the fees received from the Town Council which the 
Burgh Records note) show that they derived a large 
income from these festivals. It would appear that 
only foreigners performed on the more intricate 
instruments, such as the trumpet and tabour 2 ; the 
talent of the native never rising above the " quhissil," 
and the beating of the swash or drum. 

One of the most important points to be noted in 
regard to the items referring to this procession is the 
absence of any mention of the Blue Blanket or 

1 This Edict is more fully noticed in the next chapter. 

2 The tabour was a small drum hung round the neck and beat with 
a stick by one hand, while the other fingered the notes of a pipe or 
flageolet in accompanying the morrice-dance. 



PROCESSIONS AND SACRED PLAYS Ixxi 

Craftsmen's Banner. This banner has been referred 
to before as having been dedicated before St Eloi's 
Altar. The story is pretty well known and need not 
be detailed again here. But the curious thing is that 
this flag, of which Alexander Pennecuik gives so 
glowing a description, should never turn up. His 
description of its origin and career is fantastic and 
improbable in the extreme, and he suggests that the 
Blue Blanket was in the Hammermen's custody. 1 
There are serious objections, however, to this theory ; 
and when we consider the intense rivalry which 
existed between the craftsmen of Pre-Reformation 
times for the precedence of rank in the processions 
in which they took part, it scarcely seems likely that, 
had such a banner been available, it would have been 
entrusted to the sole care of the Hammermen. 
Many of our readers will be aware that there is 
preserved in the Trades' Maiden Hospital at Ash- 
field, Edinburgh, a pennon bearing the title of the 
Blue Blanket. Numerous papers and articles have 
been written on the subject ; but without discussing 
the various theories offered, we believe that had this 
banner been in existence before the Reformation 
some reference to it would certainly have been found 
in the official book of the craft, who are credited with 
being its custodiers. 

1 Maitland, in his "History of Edinburgh," 1753, p. 319, discredits 
Pennecuik's account, and avers that the Banner was presented to the 
Tradesmen of Edinburgh by James III. in reward for their assistance 
in freeing him from the Castle in 1482 ; and that it was handed down 
by each Deacon Convener to his successor. As the Convenery held 
their meetings in the Hammermen's Chapel, it may be that the ensign 
was kept there. If there was a common flag prior to I549> it had 
probably to be replaced then. 



Ixxii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

Further, this banner is never referred to in the 
City Records, and the only contemporary mention of 
the designation is to be found in an Edict (see page 
Ixxxiv) dated 1543, where it is termed the Blue 
Banner of the Blue Blanket, called the Holy Ghost. 
It will be seen that the story rests on a very slender 
basis ; and as to the statement that the crafts turned 
out to march after it when it was unfurled, all the 
available evidence goes to show that, when occasion 
arose for such an assembling, the craftsmen were 
summoned by a special messenger sent round to warn 
them. The municipal government of the city, at 
least from the beginning of the sixteenth century, 
had a pretty firm grip of the citizens, and when a 
common danger arose there was no need of unfurling 
the Blue Blanket, as the news would soon be 
circulated among the populace. It is still less likely 
that any one craft would try to enlist sympathy for 
any supposed grievance by the use of this legendary 
banner. 

As the extracts show, the Hammermen paid for a 
new banner for themselves in 1509; and again in 
1545; while in 1549 the united crafts were at the 
expense of two new ones. As the year 1544 was 
memorable for the attempted invasion and burning 
of Edinburgh, it is possible that this event may have 
had something to do with the acquisition of the new 
banner noted in the following year. The survival 
of any banner, standard, or pennon used in connectior 
with the Hammermen craft after 1560 is unlikely, as 
from that date all mention or reference to them 
vanishes, and the processions themselves had passed 
away forever. 



CHAPTER X 

THE HAMMERMEN'S SEAL 

THE representation of the official seal of the Hammer- 
men given as a frontispiece, considered as a work of 
art, is very creditable to the artist, Adam Loys, who 
was commissioned to execute the original in 1519. 
Although there is a large number of documents and 
charters still in existence belonging to the Hammer- 
men craft, not one, so far as can be discovered, has a 
copy of this seal affixed ; and had it not been for the 
chance mention in the extracts that, when the seal was 
ordered to be made, the artist was instructed to have 
the image of the patron saint engraved on it, doubts 
would have arisen as to its authenticity. 

Alexander Pennicuik, who must have seen it nearly 
two hundred years ago, thus describes it in his famous 
book on the Blue Blanket. 

" The Hammermen's seal is the Effigie of St. Eloi 
in his Apostolical vestments, proper, standing in a 
Church Porch, a Porch adorned with five pyramid 
steeples, engraven, each surmounted with a plain cross, 
holding in his Dexter a Hammer barways and in his 
Sinister a key bendways. Round the Effigy are these 
words Sigillum cummune Artis Tudiatorum." 

As the seal represented in our illustration answers 
to this description, and as a careful search has failed 
to discover any mention of the Hammermen acquiring 

Ixxiii 



Ixxiv THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

a new one, we are justified in accepting this as the 
original seal executed in 1519. 

The seal itself is made of silver, and has no hall- 
marks, which points to its early manufacture. It is 
of massive construction, being strengthened at the 
back longways, by a piece standing up exactly half- 
size of the face, pierced for attachment, which also 
serves for a handle when in use. 

Adam Loys was undoubtedly an artist of some 
repute, as we hear of his being commissioned by the 
Town Council of Edinburgh in 1530 to make a silver 
chandelier; but as this last has long since disappeared, 
the Hammermen's Seal is the only example of his 
skill which now remains. This precious Pre-Reforma- 
tion relic is in safe-keeping and will, we trust, long 
be preserved. 



CHAPTER XI 

THE MAGDALEN CHAPEL 

THE first mention of the Magdalen Chapel, Cowgate, 
Edinburgh, is made in the year 1544. 

Among the many side-lights which the extracts 
throw upon occurrences which even yet are but im- 
perfectly understood, none are more interesting or 
valuable than those items which deal with the con- 
dition of Edinburgh after the English invasion of 
1544, and the battle of Pinkie (1547). These two 
occurrences are commonly believed to have been 
disastrous to the city. But the Hammermen's Re- 
cords seem to indicate that the damage done could 
not have been very serious, as they go on recounting 
the everyday items as if nothing extraordinary had 
happened. This is somewhat puzzling, for had the 
city been burned in 1544, as we are led to believe, we 
cannot account for the almost total absence of any 
reference to either of these important events ? Only 
two minutes are to be found which directly indicate 
that such an invasion and burning really took place ; 
but it is evident that the city proper inside of the walls 
received only slight damage. From the minute re- 
cording the death of Thomas Schort, while assisting 
at the defence of the Nether Bow Port, we find that 
the English got that length ; but the absence of any 
disbursements on the several properties possessed by 

Ixxv 



Ixxvi THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

the Hammermen situated near this gate, points to the 
conclusion that the enemy never got any further. 
Still more significant is the fact that the rentals of 
these houses were paid as usual, which would not have 
been the case had they been destroyed. In view of 
all this evidence we may reasonably conclude that 
whatever damage was done, must have been outside 
the city. Not only was the High Street preserved, but 
St Giles Church also escaped the slightest damage, as 
the uninterrupted holding of the services there proves. 
From an item noting the payment of twelve pence to 
the beidman of the Magdalen Chapel, we gather that 
the Cowgate was equally fortunate in this respect. 

The noting of the above payment in 1 544 brings 
the Magdalen Chapel for the first time into authentic 
history. It is well known that this Chapel was con- 
veyed in trust to the Hammermen craft in 1547, and 
was used by them as a meeting-place from 1560 con- 
tinuously, till within recent years. It is not our inten- 
tion here to follow all the accounts given in the ex- 
tracts of their numerous dealings with this old chapel, 
as that will require a separate volume. We only seek 
here to call attention to the few items which show 
how closely the foundress was brought into contact 
with the Hammermen. 

The first mention, in the Records, of Janet Rynd, 1 
the foundress, is to be found in the extracts for the 
year 1 547, being the year in which she conveyed the 
chapel and hospital to the craft, where it is noted 
that fees were given to writers and officers that day 
" Michael Macquhenis wife got stent of the house in 
Niddrys Wynd." 

1 She is mentioned much earlier in the Burgh Records. 



THE MAGDALEN CHAPEL Ixxvii 

It may here be observed that, while the foundress 
is designated in her charter as the widow of Michael 
Macquhen, the Hammermen always adopted her 
maiden name when referring to her. 

The charter setting forth the provisions and scope 
of the foundation is of great length (a copy known 
to the author extends to thirty pages of MS.), and 
there can be no doubt, from its tenor, that the 
foundress was a person of considerable shrewdness. 
After detailing the amount of money and lands she 
had decided to give for the upkeep of the foundation, 
she made it clear that this was a donation made 
during her life-time, by stipulating that in return 
they would provide her with a certain house in 
Niddry 's Wynd for her own private use. This they 
evidently agreed to give, as a little further on in the 
same page are noted the expenses incurred for 
warning the indwellers in the house of Niddry Wynd 
to flit. This seems to have been a difficult matter, 
for next year (1548) she is mentioned as having 
interviewed the Deacon on certain business, and as 
further on an item occurs relating to the sending of 
officers to "warn ye tennants of Niddry Wynd to 
flit," it is not difficult to guess what the business 
was. 

By this time the Hammermen had taken over the 
trust, and we see from the expenses noted that they 
spent a good deal in improving the hospital and 
grounds. They had apparent difficulty in obtaining 
possession for her of the house stipulated for in the 
charter, and her last appearance in these extracts 
occurs in the year 1550, when she visited the Deacon, 
James Young, to conveen anent ye reisting (poinding) 



Ixxviii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

of the malis or rents of ye house in Niddry Wynd, 
showing she was determined to have her rights. 
The sole expense at this meeting was the sum of 
twenty pence for wine : an item which seems to 
indicate a desire on the part of the Hammermen to 
treat her, so far as their social relations went, in as 
handsome a manner as possible. 

It is probable that her death occurred shortly 
after, as the payment of the malis or rents to Sir 
Thomas Williamson, who was the first chaplain and 
beidman of the foundation, makes it clear that she 
no longer occupied the house in Niddry's Wynd. 
These payments show that, ever after, the rents of 
the property were faithfully devoted to the purpose 
for which she had dedicated them. 



CHAPTER XII 

THE DEACONS OF THE HAMMERMEN CRAFT 

THE reader cannot fail to notice with interest the 
account given in these Records, at the beginning 
of each official year, of the election of a Deacon, 
and the respect which was evidently accorded to the 
holder of that important office. It is somewhat 
difficult to gauge the extent of the powers possessed 
by this functionary in these far-off days; but it is 
certain that in order to fill the position efficiently he 
would require to have a thorough and accurate 
knowledge of the laws governing the Incorporation, 
as well as tact and judgment to administer them 
wisely. That the Hammermen were very fortunate 
in their choice of this important official is manifest 
from the fact that only on one occasion do we find 
them dismissing a Deacon as unworthy of the office. 

It is not our intention to examine and discuss the 
constitution of the Hammermen Incorporation, and 
the laws by which it was governed, but we may be 
allowed to touch on a grievance which pressed not 
only on the Hammermen, but also on all other 
craftsmen throughout Scotland. This grievance was 
the persistent withholding from them of the right of 
proper representation in the civic government, coupled 
with harassing restrictions imposed in direct opposi- 
tion to the powers conveyed in their respective 

Ixxix 



Ixxx THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

" Seals of Cause " or Charters of Incorporation. 
This was partly due to the weakness of the policy 
of the highest courts of the land, and partly to the 
important place held by the merchants in municipal 
affairs. This latter class had the "whip hand" of 
the Town Council of Edinburgh, and, while craftsmen 
were occasionally allowed to participate in matters 
of local interest, yet a careful search into the lists 
of the members of the Town Council from 1494 up 
to 1528 fails to reveal a name which can now be 
identified with any particular craft certainly none 
of the Hammermen. 

In order to realise how much the craftsmen of 
Scotland suffered from this one-sided municipal 
government during the early years of the sixteenth 
century, it is necessary to refer to the several statutes 
passed by the Scots Parliament during that period. 
In the year 1496 (and the opening words of all 
succeeding Acts are nearly always in the same tenor) 
" Because of the great oppression daily done by 
Cordainers, Smiths, Baxters and all other Crafts the 
Provost of Edinburgh was empowered to cause all 
craftsmen to make good and sufficient stuffand, and 
to take a competent price for the same." In 1503 
two Acts were passed entirely in favour of the 
merchants, but making no provision for the relief 
of the craftsmen. During the first quarter of the 
century the unsettled state of the country, culminating 
in the Battle of Flodden, prevented anything like 
united action on the part of the crafts. But in 1529 
they succeeded in getting James V. to take up 
their case, and the following Edict was issued by 
him : 



DEACONS OF HAMMERMEN CRAFT Ixxxi 

EXTRACT FROM EDICT GRANTED BY KING JAMES 
V UNDER THE GREAT SEAL TO THE CRAFTS- 
MEN OFEDIN R 

" James be the grace of God King of Scottis. To 
all and sundrie our leiges and subjects. To quhilkis 
knawledge their prec 1 laws shall com. greeting. Ye 
shall understand that we be certaine some vexious, 
sinister and wrangus information (without the advise 
and consent of our counsill has ratifyt approvit and 
confirmed certaine articles and statutes) be merchands 
of our realm maid far thair particular proffeit. In 
heavie damage and skaith of all craftsmen of our 
said realm against the command of the same and of 
our leiges We therefore with advise and consent of 
the Lords of our Counsall Willis the priviligis and 
liberties given and grantit to the said craftismen be 
our maist nobill progenitors of gude memorie to be 
observit and kepit Cassand decree and the said 
articles and statutis maid with advise with ye said 
merchands to be of nane effect And suchlyke all 
our laws and proclamatiouns whats'ever raisit and 
maid yairupon before the date of the pres' to be of 
na valor nor effect. Quhairfoir we command and 
charge all and sundrie of our leigis and subjects 
That yay desist and ceis fra all extortion molestin 
done to the said craftismen thair landis or in 
certaine of the priviligis ony manner of way in 
time coming. 

"In witness of thequilkchairge we have commanded 
our gret seill to be hangin to this prec 1 At Hadd- 
ingtoun ye third day of the month of Jan r The yeir 



Ixxxii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

of God J.M.V C - and twentie nine and of our reign the 
sixteen yeir." 

The merchants still continued to be the bitter enemies 
of the craftsmen, and in face of this royal Edict they 
again got another act passed in 1535 which em- 
powered all merchants importing goods into Scotland 
to bring in " hagbuttis " completely furnished or the 
metal to make them. This act specially harassed 
the Hammermen, as it affected the Armourer's Craft, 
who were exceedingly jealous of the least infringe- 
ment of their trade. To still further aggravate 
matters, the merchants in the same year got Parlia- 
ment to pass a law decreeing that no man be chosen 
Provost, Bailie or Alderman in any Burgh, but only 
those who were substantial merchants. This last 
tyrannous enactment shows how intensely rancorous 
was the spirit displayed by the merchants towards 
the craftsmen. And not content with this, they again 
got Parliament to pass in the years 1536 and 1540 
other oppressive acts and statutes, which still further 
embittered the already aggravated feelings of the 
craftsmen of Scotland. 

Denied redress against such oppressive laws, the 
wonder is that they never attempted force to draw 
attention to their wrongs ; and such forbearance 
shows how firm was the grip which the municipal 
government of these times held over the citizens of 
even the most turbulent burghs. We may be sure 
that in the midst of all this injustice and con- 
sequent dissatisfaction the Deacon of each respective 
craft would have no small difficulty in getting its 
members to submit peacably to each new restriction 
as it came into force. 



DEACONS OF HAMMERMEN CRAFT Ixxxiii 

But the time at last arrived when patience ceased 
to be a virtue. The acts of 1436-40 proved par- 
ticularly obnoxious and harassing to the craftsmen ; 
and on the Qth of August 1543 several of the Deacons 
of the Edinburgh crafts appeared before the Provost 
and Council demanding redress for these grievances. 
Goaded to desperation they demanded justice, and 
whether to awe the magistrates, or to show the 
sincerity of their purpose, they drew their swords. 
The interview terminated in the arrest of the 
Deacons, who were conveyed prisoners to the Castle 
by a strong body of soldiers whom the magistrates 
called in to their assistance. We can easily imagine 
the commotion that would arise from this action on 
the part of the municipal authorities. And the fact 
that the protesting parties waited quietly for nearly 
a month for a settlement of the dispute, affords a 
striking instance of the patient and law-abiding 
character of the citizens of Edinburgh at that period. 
As this dispute occurred during the minority of Mary 
Queen of Scots, the matter was referred to the Earl 
of Arran, who was then Governor. In response to 
this appeal he issued the following Edict : 

" Gubernator. 

" Justice and Justice Clerk and your deputis. We 
greit you weille. For sameikle as, William Smebreid, 
Robert Hutchisoune, James Fornet, Thomas Schort, 
Archibald Devvar, Andro Edgar, George Richardsone 
Thomas Ramsay, James Downicke, William Purdie, 
William Quhite, being in warde within the Castle of 
Edinburgh for alleadged drawing of Quhinzearis in 
the Tolbuith of Edinburgh in prescence of the 



Ixxxiv THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

Provost and Baillies theirof the xi day of August 
instant and furth bringing of the Blew Banner of the 
Blew Blanket in our presence callit the Haly Guist 
has fundin suretie to underlye the Law for the 
samyne and for all other Crymes that can be impute 
to them the x day of October nixt to cum 

" Howbeit as we are informit the sadis personis are 
innocent of the saidis alleagit Crimis Our Will is 
Heirfore and for certain utheris reasonabill causis 
and considerationis moveing us. We charge you 
strictly and commandis that incontinent efter the 
sicht hereof ye desist and seis frae all proceeding 
against the saidis persons or ony otheris craftisman 
of the said burgh for the saidis allegit Cry mis till the 
day above written. 

"Subscrivit with our hand and gevine under the 
Signet at Haly-rude House the first day of September 
the yeir of God. One thousand five hundred and 
forty three yeirs. JAMES G." 

The whole story, as well as the Earl's Edict, is 
given in full in Pennecuik's book on the Blue Blanket 
But as a number of occurrences noted in this volume 
are not confirmed by any contemporary account, the 
writer had at first some hesitation in accepting the 
truth of the narrative. Fortunately, however, the 
original Edict, bearing the signature of James, Earl 
of Arran, is in existence yet, and is carefully preserved 
among the various documents relating to and still in 
the possession of the Incorporation of Hammermen. 
Although there is a discreet silence preserved in the 
City Records, this old document puts the truth of 
the narrative beyond a doubt ; and the non-appear- 



DEACONS OF HAMMERMEN CRAFT Ixxxv 

ance of the slightest reference to it in their municipal 
reports is significant of the crushing defeat the 
magistrates of Edinburgh sustained on this occasion. 

Of the eleven men who thus bravely stood up for 
their oppressed brethren, four of the number were 
Hammermen. These four had all at some period 
been acting Deacons, and were therefore well qualified 
to judge of the effect these restrictive measures would 
have on the condition of the craftsmen. 

One of these Deacons, Thomas Schort, lost his life 
that same year in defending the city (see accounts 
for 1 543). The fact that this invasion was impending 
probably accounts for the Earl's action in releasing 
these men, as there is no doubt that he must have 
been aware of its imminence, and to have punished 
them would have provoked an open insurrection on 
the part of the citizens. 

The unsettled state of the country after 1544, 
rendered of little effect all the trouble taken by the 
craftsmen to redress their wrongs. In spite of the 
agitation caused by this protest the Scots Parliament 
enacted in 1551 another statute even more stringent 
than any passed before. This law gave the magis- 
trates of every burgh power to compel all craftsmen 
to give in writing the price of every article they pro- 
duced, and as this was coupled with an arbitrary clause 
which dictated to every burgher the number of dishes 
they should be allowed at their " mess," it is no 
wonder that the craftsmen murmured. 

It is possible that had they been properly repre- 
sented in the various Town Councils throughout the 
country their position would have been improved ; but, 
situated as they were, they were practically powerless 



Ixxxvi THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

against the malice of their enemies. And again, in 
1555, the Scots Parliament was persuaded to pass 
another statute which rendered still more unbearable 
their already downtrodden condition. 

This law was somewhat peculiar in its construction, 
for while on the one hand it promised to the crafts 
increased representation in the Town Councils, yet the 
election of members was left completely to the then 
existing civic rulers. Instead of the Deacons of 
Crafts being chosen, the nominees of the magistrates 
were allowed to enjoy this honour. These sup- 
plementary town councillors were to be called 
" visitors of crafts " ; and as they were the mere 
puppets of the merchant councillors their exist- 
ence in no way benefited the crafts. Fortunately, if 
they did no good, they at least did no harm, as the 
statute which called them into existence was short- 
lived. To what extent the crafts agitated for its 
removal is now unknown ; but it is evident that it 
was strenuously opposed by three of the Edinbugh 
Deacons of Crafts whose names as we learn were 
James Young, Cutler, Archibald Denror, Tailor, and 
David Kinloch, Baxter. 

We can well believe that the task of opposing 
this measure undertaken by these men on behalf 
of the craftsmen of Scotland was no easy one. 
But an opportunity unexpectedly arose which 
promised a fair chance of redress. This oppor- 
tunity was brought about by a command issued by 
Mary of Guise ordering a Convention of Burghs to 
be held at Edinburgh on I5th January 1556. The 
document summoning this Convention further directed 
that two Commissioners should be appointed one 



DEACONS OF HAMMERMEN CRAFT Ixxxvii 

being a merchant, the other a craftsman, both to be 
well-known citizens of Edinburgh. This recognition 
on the Queen's part of the ability of the craftsmen to 
serve the city for " furthsetting of the common weill," 
resulted in the election of Thomas Reidpath, Skinner, 
as one of the Commissioners. His appointment gave 
great offence to the magistrates, who strongly protested 
against his election, giving as their reason for this 
opposition that " insafar as craftismen wer nevir chosin 
commissinaris of befoir." It would take too long here 
to enter into an account of the intrigues of the 
magistrates to defeat the election of this craftsman. 
Suffice it to say that, in spite of these, Thomas Reidpath 
was duly elected and attended the Convention in the 
character of the craftsmen's chosen Commissioner. 

The findings of this Convention appear to have 
given rise to dissatisfaction ; and we find that a 
deputation, consisting of the Provost and certain of 
the Council, went to Stirling to interview the Queen 
on the matter. Although Thomas Reidpath's name 
does not appear in this deputation, it is not improb- 
able that he was given an audience also, as the matter 
involved was one of great moment to the craftsmen, 
and it would be interesting had any account been 
preserved of the instructions he received from his 
brother craftsmen towards the repeal or modification 
of the obnoxious " visitors of crafts " law. In any 
case, the Queen caused an Edict to be sent forth and 
proclaimed at the Cross of Edinburgh (January 1556) 
which, as the long quaint minute given in the extracts 
for that year expresses it, was "ryte honest and 
pleasant to all the craftsmen." 

The Queen's Edict is too long for insertion here ; 



Ixxxviii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

but its proclamation was the death-blow to the 
" visitors of crafts " ; and a month later we note in 
the Burgh Records of the City of Edinburgh that 
various matters were arranged by the Provost, Baillies, 
and Council and Deacons of the Crafts. 

The craftsmen, no doubt well pleased with the 
success of their appeal, did not press for representation 
in the Town Council. This forbearance was rewarded 
by further attempts to restrict the craftsmen, which 
called forth another Edict from Mary Queen of Scots 
in I564. 1 

Little is heard after 1564 of any further attempts 
to legislate against or meddle with the craftsmen of 
Edinburgh ; but the whole matter was finally adjusted 
by the passing of the famous Decreet Arbitral in 
1583. In order to show how completely this act met 
the needs of the case, the second clause is here given. 

" The council to consist of Ten Merchants (to wit) 
The auld Provest, Four auld Baillies Dean of Gild 
and Treasurer of the next year preceeding and three 
merchants to be chosen to them. And also to consist 
of eight Craftsmen theirof, six Deacons and two other 
craftsmen making in all the hail Council Eighteen 
persons and this by the office men of that year to 
wit the Provest, Baillies Dean of Gild and Treasurer." 

1 We may here state that, though all the various restrictive acts, 
dealing with the craftsmen, are to be found in the statute books of the 
period, no mention occurs in these Acts of Parliament of the Edicts 
of 1529-43-55-64. The evidence of their existence is preserved in the 
separate volume of "Acts and Statutes " already referred to. These 
Edicts may have been issued on the ruler's personal authority, and in 
response to some private and personal appeal. This probably explains 
how the Magistrates ventured to ignore or evade them, for, had they 
been confirmed or issued by Parliament, they would hardly have dared 
to do it. 



DEACONS OF HAMMERMEN CRAFT Ixxxix 

Although the consideration of this Decreet lies 
somewhat outside of the period strictly covered by 
the extracts in this book, it is necessary to refer to 
it here as it marks the successful termination of the 
long struggle for justice and fair play on the part 
of the craftsmen of Edinburgh. 

As we have briefly tried to show, the continuous 
withholding from that part of the community which 
formed the backbone of the nation the right of 
proper municipal and parliamentary representation 
was a powerful factor in the discontent which pre- 
vailed in Scotland. It is therefore not to be wondered 
at that they should welcome a movement that aimed 
at release from conditions which had become unbear- 
able, and which even the good-will and efforts of the 
reigning sovereign could do little to relieve. 

To recount fully the part played by the Deacons of 
the Hammermen craft in many disputes which arose 
before 1560 would require a separate volume. But 
to all who care to look into this curious phase of old 
burgher life, a perusal of the volumes published by the 
Scottish Burgh Records Society will reveal on how 
many occasions the Deacons of the Hammermen, 
not only in Edinburgh but in other burghs also, made 
a bold stand, even in the face of unequal and often 
overwhelming odds, to defend the rights of their 
Incorporation. 

Notwithstanding all the disadvantages and burdens 
under which the crafts laboured during the sixteenth 
century, they were yet expected to contribute liber- 
ally, not only to the taxes and imposts of their 
respective burghs, but also to the levies or " extents," 
as they are termed, which were imposed by royal 



xc THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

authority. There appears to have been some re- 
cognised arrangement by which every town or 
district had their share apportioned, the collection 
of the sum named being left to the magistrates of 
each respective burgh. In 1556 we find one ordered 
by Mary of Guise in which Edinburgh was made 
responsible for the sum of one hundred and sixty- 
eight pounds thirteen shillings and fourpence. To 
the payment of this the Hammermen contributed 
thirty-eight pounds six shillings (see accounts for 
1556)- This sum the Deacon, James Young, paid 
out of his own pocket. This instance is worthy of 
note, as demonstrating the wealth of some of these 
old master craftsmen, for such a sum represented a 
fair amount of money in those days. Of course in 
disbursing the money he ran no risk, as he ultimately 
collected it from the members (as the accounts 
show) ; but the fact that he was able to produce it 
even temporarily shows that he was for those times a 
man of substance. 

We can only here briefly note in connection with 
the monies lent to the Queen's Grace (see accounts 
1 549) and the sums paid to the various Regents, that 
these levies were all cheerfully met by the craftsmen. 

We conclude this chapter, by giving for the first 
time the items of two special contributions made by 
all the crafts in Edinburgh, which will be interesting as 
affording a convincing proof of the wealth possessed by 
this important and worthy section of the community. 

Extent of the bulzeon collected and gadderet be ye 
haill craftis in ye year of God 1576 years and 
deliverit to James Earl of Morton Regent to our 
sovereign Lord King James ye Sext 



DEACONS OF HAMMERMEN CRAFT xci 

c xx lib. s d 

Skinners & Furriers . j xxxvj vij 

Tailors j xxj 

Baxters . . . iiij vij xiij iiij 

Hammermen . . iiij ix viij ix 

Fleshers . . . e . iij xiij ix 

Cordwainers . . xliiij xix iiij 

Goldsmiths . xl ix iij 

Masons & Wrights Iv xj 

Barbers ... xx xiij 
Wabsters, Waulkers, 

& Bonnet Makers, xvj xix 



Summa Totalis . vj iij xiij iiij iij 

673, 43, 4d. (Scots). 

Ane extent of j c . (one hundred pounds) is devided 
amang ye Craftis as follows : 

lib. s d 

Hammermen .... xiij v vj 

Skinners & Furriers xx xviij 

Tailors . . . . . xviij xviij 

Baxters xiij iij 

Fleshers ix 

Cordwainers .... vj xiij iiij 

Goldsmiths .... vj 

Barbers iij xv 

Wrights & Masons . . . viij iij iiij 
Wabsters, Waulkers & Bonnet 

Makers iiij iiij 

Summa Totalis . . Ane Hundreth Pundis. 



100 (Scots). 



xcii THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



NAMES OF THE DEACONS OF THE HAMMERMEN 
OF EDINBURGH FROM 1494 TO 1560. 



Name. 

Robert Scheirsmy* . 
Thomas Sparty 
Johne Malisoun 
Andro Muncur 
Thomas Ra 
Johne Letham . 
Robert Selkraig 
Thomas Smy 1 
William Auldjoy 
Johne Loksmy 4 
Allane Cothram 
William Meill . 
William Smy* 
William Ra . 
Patrik Scot . 
Cristophur Wyntoun 
Hendre Loromor . 
William Smebred . 
Andro Hume . 
Andro Cathkin 
William Ray . 
Thomas Craufurd . 
Johne Huntur 
Johne Smy* . 
Johne Frog 
James Jonstone 
William Scot . 
Thomas Schort 



Year of Office. 
1494 

1495-1502 
1496-1500 

1497 

1498 

1499 

I50I-4 

1503-18 

1505 

1506 

1507-8-14 

1509-10-15 

I5II 

1512-13-17-23 

1516-24 

1519 

1519-20 

1521-26-31-2-38-41-2 

1522 

1525 

1527-34-40 

1528 

1529 

1530 

1533 

1535-36-37-41-42-43-47 

1539-44-48 

1543 



DEACONS OF HAMMERMEN CRAFT xciii 

Name. Year of Office. 

Mungo Huntar 1 545-51 

George Peirsoun 1546-49 

James Young 1550-2-3-4-6 

Andro Hamyltoun 1555 

Johne Rynd 1557 

James Mure .1558 

James Cranstoun 1559 

William Harlaw 1560 



TABLE OF SCOTS MONEY. 

Scots Money. Pence Sterling. 

1 penny . . . . . iV 

2 pennies = I bodle . . J 

2 bodies = i plack or groat J 

3 bodies = I bawbee . . J 

12 pennies = I shilling . . I 
20 shillings = i pound . . 20 

13 shillings and 4 pennies =i merk . . 13 J 
1 8 merks or 12 pounds =one pound sterling 

Note. To reduce Scots money to sterling divide by 12. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE RECORDS 



EXTRACTS FROM THE FIRST VOLUME 
OF THE RECORDS OF THE HAMMER- 
MEN OF EDINBURGH 1494-1583 

YE first day of May ye zeir of our Lord j m iiij c nynty 
& four zeire 

Ye quilk day ye maist pairt of ye hammermen 
gadderit at Sanct Leonards, weill and riply advisit 
with haill assent & full election chosit Robert 
Scheirsmy t Kyrkmaister for this year to come to the 
haill craft, and yerof ye said craft, with assent 
deleverit to ye said Robert Saunct Loy's gret box 
and in it of silver and gold iiij lib vjs 

Ye samyn day Mathow Dauid has tain Saunct 
Loys brod for this year to come for xxxiiij s and 
he has payit beforhand of ye said brod xvijs the 

other xvijs to be pait at ye feast of Sanct next 

to come, & for broukand it with all proffit as it was 
of befoir, (its pait) 

Here are ye names of ye maisteris of ye craft 
yat sail conveen & gadder with ye kyrkmaister, 
which maisteris being for ye proffit and uphaldin of 
ye altar & guid weill to be maid amang ye craft 
w l y r counsell 

William Loksmy 4 Robert Sheirsmy 1 

Andre Cauchkryn William Lokeing 



2 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 494 continued 

Thomas Raa Alexander Quhitlok 

David Saidlar Johne Malesoun Younger 

Andro Muncur Johne Lathand 

Walter Arkill William Meill 

Andro Buroll John Saidlar 

Louk Saidlar 

Aland Cochrand 

Mathow Dauind 

Thomas Welch 

William Raa 

Johne Stowart 

Johne Smy' Pottar 

[Then follows the sums received in the first 
quarter including the silver received for the Sanct's 
" brod " before hand] . . . xvij s 

Fra Alex r Grayis wif of yis wit- 

sunday terme . . . vj s viij d 

George Fulfurds of his last wit- 

sunday & martimas annuell . xiij s iiij d 

William Scheirsmy 1 annuell . . xiij s ij d 

Ye xix day of July gotten fra 

Johne Saidlar Louk Saidlar & 

Thomas Lorymur of yar last 

quarteris payments . . . iij s 

The some of yis ressait is iij llb vii s ii d 

[Next follows the sums received weekly untill 
the whole of the 12 weeks in the quarter are 
accounted for and is summed up as Ye somme of 
my ressait of this quarter is x hb v s & ix d . This is 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 3 

1494 con tin ued 

the total sum at the treasurers disposal and the 
disbursements are as follows, headed thus] 

Yis is my deliverand in ye first quarter 

Item To S r Thomas o r chaplane 

for his Whitsunday fee for ye 

quhill ye craft ordered me to 

pay him at ye futtin of Thomas 

Raas some .... xxx s 
To Thomas Raa of ye rest of his 

some ..... ij lib xiij s iiij d 
fra rest awand him . . . xx s 
to iiij men that bare ye standard 

on corpus pis day . . . viij s 
to ij men that bare ye caddill . xxxij d 

to iiij men that bare ye torches . xxxij d 

to ye twa wolotts . . . xvi d 

for making of ye iiij great torches 

& making of iij great knopps 

of wax to yame & colouring 

ofyame .... iiij 5 

to gilzaun and his androw on corpis 

pis day & yat day vij days . v s 

to ye Prossouins & to ye minstrals 

& ye bearers in breid & aill on 

corpis pis day . . . xvij d 

for bringing of ye poyinds fra 

Thomas Rais hous ... ij d 

for paynting of ye speir of leicht . xij d 

on ye viij days quilk yay bare ye 

banare & ye caddil before ye 



4 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 494 continued 

saym for a gallon of aill at 

yat red through the towne with 

yame and a gallon what yay 

got ..... xvij d 

Item on sownday when ye Prossouins 

was playet for ye king to an 

minstral .... ij s 

to ye men at bare ye banare & 

ye torches yat same day & 

aill to yame .... iix d 

expensis made at Sanct Loys day 

for viij lb of new wax & ye 

making & paynting of xi lbs of 

auld wax & for ye cost of a 

pod of torches that was coft 

be William Loksmy* & S r 

Thomas extendand to vij s & 

iij d & William Loksmy 1 

pait for ye said torches vj.s g 

and iij d ye somme of ye haill 

wax is . . . . . xxxv s vj d 
To ye quoyr (choir) . . . iiij s 
ye bellis and organis . . iij s 
for fees to Mathou . . . xij d 

ye boy for scowering of ye 

hers & dichting of ye floor 

& blawing of ye organis on 

saunct Loys day . . . xvj d 

to S r Thomas our chaplane . . xviij d 

ye bairns of ye quoyre . . viij d 

rushes (grass) & keeping of ye 

altare v d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 5 

1 494 continued 

Item for ye trontaill x s 

to Listoun ye belmand . . iiij d 

to John Foullares cheild & drink- 
silver ..... vj d 
for this buk, papor, & bynding . xi s ij d 
to S r Thomas servant for his 

quarters fee .... v s 

Ye somme of my deleverand 

is x lib iiij s 

My deliverand of ye second quarter 

Item In expensis given to Thomas 

Baucer for mending of ye 

Wolkly box ye lok & ye 

key ..... vij d 

to David Plubar quhen he was seik v s 

Deleverit to Thomas Raa of ye rest 

of ye silver that was awand him 

at his comp* making for ye quhill 

he held ye box . . . xx s 
To S r Thomas to buy his Botyins 

with ..... iij s 

To Thomas Broun for making of 

ye rod to ye hers . . . xij d 

to S r Thomas for ye clais washing 

this year begun to whitsunday . iiij s 

[Of the whole year, each quarter respectively, the 
above is a fair extract ; and it appears that they 
met in the Tolbooth to settle the accounts for the 
year 1494] Robert Sheirsmy* Deacon 



6 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1495 

On the xj day of May the maist pairt of the 
Hammermen weill gathert at Sanct Leonards and 
with full voting chosit Thomas Sparty Dekynd for 
this zeir to ye hail craft and yerfor deleverit to him 
Sanct Loys great box and in it xij llb 

And on the 28 May Mathow Dauid took Sanct 
Loys brod at the Dekynd and haill craft for forty 
shillings he paid xx s before hand at the taking 
of the said brod and ye other xx s to be pait viij 
days befoir ye Dekynd making his compt and ye 
Dekynd & ye maisteris gevand him a quart of 
wyne at ye deliverand of ye said money 

Disbursement in the first quarter 

Item Expensis given for ij pynts of 

wyne at ye feasting between us 

& ye goldsmyths . . . xvj d 

Till our ain feasting yat day yat 

they spent amang them . . iij s ij d 

to ye common minstrals of ye town 

yat day that our craft passit to 

Saunct Katrines that playit be- 
fore ye craft .... iiij s vj d 
given to Rab ane day to help us to 

gadder ye silver . . . xvj d 

for ye making of our bill of ex- 

layur & for ye att making till 

o r pairt ..... xiij d 

Deleverit to Robert Gray at ye 

command of ye craft to sustain 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 7 



1 49 5 continued 
our ploy (plea) for ye common 
proffit of ye craftis for o r pairt . xvij s 

Item on Crystofferis day to ye iiij men 

that bare ye four standards . viij s 

to ye ij men that bare ye candle- 
hooks ..... 

to ye iiij men that bare ye four 
torches ..... 

to ij minstrals that rede with us 

that day at ye prossouin . v s 

for dichting of o r great torch & 
paynting of yame to Johyn 
Mayne ..... iiij 8 

ye men that bare ye banares & 
torches & candilhooks in aill 

on ye viij day when ye servands 
zred thro ye town to ye cheild 
that bare ye banares in drink . 

ye same day to a minstral before 

ye craft ..... ij s 

for wax on Sanct Loys day 

torches, hers, & cadills . xiv s 

on Sanct Loys day to ye quoir . iiij 5 

for scouring of ye hers & organis 
blawing ..... 

to Mathow .... 

to Sir Thomas .... 

to ye bairns of ye quoir 



VJ' 



xxxij d 



xxxij 



xmj 



xij c 



xvj 
xij c 

xvij c 
vij c 



Ye third day of July j m iiij e nynty & fif zeirs. 
Ye quhilk day anont ye debait movit betwix 
Mathow Dauid & Thomas Quhit ye said ij per- 



8 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 49 5 continued 

souins has chosin betwix yame to be honourable 
counsellers & to retract above anent all debaits movit 
betwix yame ye persouns writtin yat is to say for ye 
said Mathow Dauid. Thomas Broun, Andro Wand- 
crou & Robert Scheirsmy 1 & for ye said Thomas 
Quhit Andro Burrell, Wat Arkill & William Raa 
& Johne Malesoun oversman Ye said Mathow 
& Thomas sworn till abyd at ye ordinanse & 
deleverance anent all debaits Ye quhilk persouns 
weill & riply advisit accordingly has ordained & 
deleverit yat ilk ane of yame tak yeother be ye hands 
& ask each others forgiveness and to forgif all 
rancours & malis bygane And in tyme to come 
to leif & shew charitie ilk ane till another & neuer 
more have ony strife between yame 

And accordingly yay ordain & deleveris yat 
quhilk of yame mak ony brok till another, in tyme 
to come, or yin wounds deid, or yat yar servands, or 
cheilds, yat yay may lait be It beand reply ajustit 
with suffienct witness, ye said faltors and broukeris 
sail pay without ony fauo r (favour) witin xx dayis twa 
stain of Walx to Sanct Loyis altar 

And ye said Mathow & Thomas has given yair 
bodily auchts (oaths) till abyd at ye samyn fra yis 
day furcht, before ye witness, Thomas Raa, Johne 
Wyndeyett, Adam Wilsoun, Johne Lorymur, Sir 
Thomas Linlithgou chaplane and others 

Item For rushes to spread about ye 

altar ..... iiij d 

to ye belmon . . . iiij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 9 

1 49 5 continued 
Item for breid & wyne on Sanct Loys 

day & to ye trontiall . . viij d 

for ye trontiall l . . . . x s 

to Cuthbert Young yat day we 

passit throu ye town for his 

labours ..... xvj d 

to Cuthbert Young ij days he zreid 

with us . . . . . ij s 

to Sir Thomas of his whitsunday 

fee ..... xxx s 
to David Plumbar of his quarter 

payands .... v s 

The discharge for the second quarter 

Item In expensis till a minstral to 
gang with our banare on Sanct 
Gelis day .... xij d 

given for cords to ye lamp of vij 

fathoms .... viij d 

to ye servands that zreid with us that 

day we zreid to ye kirk of field. viij d 

given to Sir Thomas his yeir bar- 
gain for ye clais washing ex- 
tending to ye altar as ye craft 
ordered yearly for them . . iiij s 

to him to buy his Botyins with at 

ye command of ye craft . . iiij s 

to David Plumbar servand for his 

quarter fee .... v s 

Given ye day of ye count making 
to ye beidman at Sanct Leonards 

1 (Thirty daily masses.) 



10 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 49 5 continued 
that kepis ye kirk at ye qumand 
of ye craft .... vj d 

Item for ye expensis maid apon ye lett 
that we half to ye provest for 
ye seill & to Henrie Strachaulin 
& ye cleirk yat wrait it . . xxx s 

1496 

The viij day of May anno J m iiij e Nynty & sex 
zers The quhilk day ye maist p' of ye haill craft 
of ye Hamyrmen weill gadderit & weill & riply 
advisit and w l full electoun chosit Johne Malesoun 
younger Dekyn & kirkmaist r for yis zer to come 
and ye said Johne and ye haill craft ressavit full 
count & rekyning fra Thomas Sparty dekyn & 
kirkmaister of ye zer bygand And ye samyn tyme 
ye foresaid Thomas Sparty as dekyn of befor deleverit 
ye said gret box of Sanct Loy & in it xviij lib 
xij s 

Ye vij day of May Thomas Broun profferit in the 
name and on ye behalf of David Hailes for this year 
to come, for Sanct Loys brod xlj s & vj d and then 
it was rouppit amang ye haill craft, gif ony man wald 
gif mair & na man wald gif mair & yen Thomas 
Broun tuk ye said brod for ye haill craft for all ye 
days of ane yeir 

[Expenses much the same as last year] 

The namis of ye masteris for yis zeir 

Thomas Sparty Johne Pott older 

Robert Scheirsmy 1 Robert Muncur 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH II 

1 496 continued 

Alex r Quhitlok Thomas Quhit 

Thomas Welch Mathow Dauind 

Thomas Broun Steven Loksmy 1 

Wat Arkill George Fulfurd 

Alexand Cauchkrin David Saidlar 

John Lechand Johne Meill 

Louk Saidlar Henrie Dow 

Andro Burrell Patrik Scheirsmy* 

Thomas Ra Robert Muncur 
Robert Wittin 

Also ye samyn day Sir Thomas Linlitgou chaplane 
movnyt hym to ye craft that his fie was to ye less 
and yair apon gaif his petitioun to ye craft 

He beand removit ye haill maisteris be ye maist 
effert weill & riply advisit considerit yat it was 
neidfull & proffetable to ask his fee And w l ane 
voice ordainit frahin furcht that he suld half zeirlie 
to his fee four punds as lang as he make guid service 
& pleases ye craft such lyke as he has done 
hitterto 

1497 

Ye vij day of May anno J m iiij c & nynty seven 
zers. Ye quhilk day ye mast p l of ye haill craft of ye 
Hamyrmen weill gadderit at Sanct Leonards riply 
& weill advisit & w l full electioun chosit Andro 
Muncur Dekyn and Kerkmaister for yis zer to come 
and to resaive full count and rekyning by Whit- 
sunday fra Johne Malesoun togidder with Sanct Loys 
box & other deuties yat was deleverit to him. 

Ye xv day of May Anno ye nynty vij zer ye 



12 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



1 497 continued 

quhilk day Johne Malesoun younger in ye hall of ye 
Blak Frers gaiff full count and rekyning of all soumes 
of money gotten in & ressavit be him before ye 
maist p l of ye maisters of ye craft weill heard & 
understood and he has deleverit of fine silver to put 
in ye gret box sax pounds v s 

Ye samyn day deleverit to Andro Muncur & 
put in ye gret box vj pundis and xvj s in his 
hands to buy altar towellis and ye samyn day put in 
ye gret box in ye hail in gold and silver xxiij lib xij s 

Yair are ye namis of ye maisteris chosen be ye 
Dekyn Andro Muncur till gwand when neidfull tyme 
is, to gwan about all guidly materis (matters) for ye 
honor of ye haill craft 

Alexand Cauchkrin 
Robert Sheirsmy 1 
Thomas Sparty 
Thomas Raa 
Johne Malesoun younger 
Johne Letham 
Robert Muncur 
Andro Burrell 
Thomas Broun 
Wat Arkill 

1497 

Item Memorandum ye x day of 
December ye maist p l of ye 
honorabill & worshipfull men 
of the hammermen craft weill 
gadderit in the chepl of the 
Blak frires chosit amang yame 



George Fulfurd 
Steven Loksmy' 
Louk Saidlar 
Alexand Quitlok 
Johne Saidlar 
Johne Adhnay 
Alain Cauchkrin 
Johne Smy 1 
John Pott elder 
Thomas Welch 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 13 

1 497 continued 
with haill consent v willing 
to choose & gat mak an 
honourabill mort claith to serf 
ye haill craft and for to make 
price & payment yerfor in 
ye name of the haill craft 
that is to say Alexand 
Cauchkrin Thomas Broun 
Robert Sheirsmy 1 Thomas 
Dornwik Thomas Sparty 
Johne Malesoun George Ful- 
furd Andro Muncur Deyknd 
and Sir Thomas Linlitgou 
chaplane Thomas Ra, John 
Lathom ye quilk appointed 
to mak with Gerrard De 
Haustan anonent ye brodering 
of ye said claith by his wife 
and ye weaving 

Item Given for ij ymagis of saunct 

Eligy ilk ymage v crouns silver v hb 

for vj crowns & hamors to ye 
said clait of fine gold & silver 
ye price of ilk pair vj s vij d ye 
somme ..... xl s 

for iij - and through yame the 
price of the pair xx d ye somme 
of ye haill .... v lib v s 

for vj ounce of silk to mak ye 
fringes of ye price of ye ounce 
iij s iij d and ye somme . . xvj s ij d 



14 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 497 continued 

Item for weaving of yame . . xl s 

for vj ell of welvet ye price of ye 
ell ij llb iij s ye somme of ye haill 
welvet is ... .xij hb xvij s 

for iiij ell of worsait to mak ye 
pandakillrs of ye price of ye 
ell xiij s ye somme is . . ij lib xvj s 

for and bolt of fustand containing 
xl ell to lynn ye said mort 
clait with ye price of ye bolt . xxx s 

for sewing of ye welvet togidder . viij d 

Item at diffrent tymes given out at 
o r first common making & at 
ye dresing of our ymagis and 
of ye fashoning of ye said clait 
expendit'in wyne, ail, & breid 
in ye said Gerrards house be ye 
said maisteris be ye maist p 1 of 
yame ..... vj s viij a 

Ye haill somme of ye mort 
clai' is thirty pounds sexteen 
shillings a penny less 

Item ressavit herof be ye foresaid 
maisteris furth of saunt Loys 
box to ye bying of ye said clait 
twenty four pounds seven shil- 
lings & v pence Suma resting 
awand of it vj hb viij s vij d 

Yame are ye vj men chos- 
ing to keep ye mort clait 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 15 

1 497 continued 
Thomas Ra 
Alexand Cauchkrin 



Andro Muncur 
Johne Letham 
Thomas Broun 



& ye priest 



1498 

Ye vij day of May in ye zeir of God j m iiij c ninty 
& viij zer ye maist p 1 of craft weill gadderit at 
Sanct Leonards w l full electioun chosit Thomas Ra 
kirkmaister for yis zer to gadder and inbring ye 
proffets & dewties to Sanct Eligius altar 

1498 From the \ 5t quarter accompt 

Item give to ye pinors to bring up 

ye window fra ye Blakfriars . iiij d 

for painting of ye candilheids to 

James Chalind to lay yame 

with oil colloure . . . x s iiij d 

for laying over of iiij torches with 

yellow colour to James ye 

payntor .... ij s 

to Gelzaun & his cheild to play 

before ye banner . . . iij s 
to ye iiij men that bare ye banner viij s 
to ye ij men that bare ye great 

candilheids .... xxxij d 

to ye four men that bare ye torches xxxij d 

for ail & breid to ye men that 

bare ye banner . . . xiij d 



16 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 498 continued 
Item to horse & his vj days keep & 

to ye procession of corpis day . x s 

to gilzeaun & his cheild ye viij day ij s 

to ye common pypares ye viij day xij d 

for v quarters of ail ye viij day 

amanst yame that bare ye 

banare quhen yay cam hame . xx d 

on Saunt Loys day given to ye quoir iiij s 
to ye bellis & orgains . . . iij s 

to Willi Calbiring for sense . xii d 

to Will for ye hers scowering & 

orgains blawing . . . xvij d 

to ye bairns of ye quoir . . viij d 

to Sir Thomas .... xvij d 

for rushes & oil doly . . . iiij d 

,, for breid & wyne to ye trountaill v d 

for ye trontiall doying . . x s 

,, given to Johyn Pyper for wax on 

Sanct Eligis mass for torches 

new wax making & paynting 

of our auld wax . . . xxx s vij d 
To Sir Thomas for his quarters 

payment .... xx s 
to ye servand for his quarter pay- 
ment ..... v s 
Given to ye servands for ye keys of 

the tolbucht & for ye fyre ye 

day of the count making * . xij d 

for viij pynts of oil and a chopin 

ye somme is . . . . vj s 

To Sir Thomas of his quarter pay- 

mont xx s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 17 

1 49 8 continued 
Item To Robin Stewart servand his 

q l payment .... v s 

given at ye command of pairt of 

ye masteris to ye baillies to 

support us . . . xx s 

to ye belmond of S* Leonards yat 

day ye deykn was chosen . vj d 

for akking of William Ra younger 

& arresting of him . . vj d 

1499 

Ye fyft day of May in ye zeir of God j m iiij c 
ninety and ix yere ye quhilk day John Letham is 
chosen Dekynd and kyrkmaistor for this zeir be full 
election to ye hammermen and to be dilligent leal 
& true for all ye dayes & times of ye said zeir 

Yame ar ye masteris chosen to be at ye gadderin 
to fortify ye said Dekyn when neids be & to gif leill 
counsel for ye guid of ye craft 

Thomas Raa Thomas Welch 

Andro Muncur Louk Saidlair 

Walter Arkill Johne Smyt 

Johne Malesoun Johne Dornwalk 

Thomas Smycht William Douglich 

Steven Loksmyt James Bow 

Alex r Quhitlok Robert Watten 

Alex r Cauchran Patrick Scheirsmyth 

Johne Saidlair Thomas Quhit 

Henry Lorymour Alain Cochrain 

Rob 1 Scheirsmyt William Adamson 
Thomas Sparty 



1 8 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 499 continued 

Also ye same day ye masteris of ye craft has 
passit to Sir Thomas & ordained John Letham 
Dekyn to gtint & pay to S r Thomas for his wagis 
quhar he wants and yay beand lawfully warynt 
shall pay him viij d for ilk dayis waiges And yai 
that payit not ye weeks penny to ye Deykn & his 
servands to tak again ye next ilk walk 

1500 

Ye x day of Mai ye zeir of God j m five hundreth 
zeir ye maist pairt of ye Hammermen weill gadderit 
at Sanct Leonard with full electioun chosit Andro 
Muncur Dekynd and Kyrkmaister to ye said 
Hammermen for ye profrlt & guid weill of ye 
said craft and reparaling & uphalding of ye 
needfull things for gadder silver doun at Sanct 
Loyis altar in Sanct Gelis kirk 

Yis is my deliverand of ye first q r 
Item At ye commands of ye mast 8 

of ye craft appoint & delibrit 

upon ye cost & expensis of 

ye freemen bringing hame ye 

banare, and giving powder, 

and by expensis maid ye day 

of our bringin it with ye 

expensis of our play yat morn, 

ye somme is ... ij lib xiij s 

to another expensis upon corpus 

pis day and upon ye octave day 

to play before ye banare and ye 

craft yay twa dais x s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 19 

1 5 oo continued 
Item to ye iiij men that bare ye four 

standards in harness apon corpis 

pis day & ye octave day ilk 

man in ye somme . . . viij d 

ye ij men that bare ye great 

candilheids .... xxxij d 

to ye four men that bare ye four 

torches ..... xxxij d 

for flowers & pak threid yat day . vj d 

for breid & ail that past w* ye 

banare on corpus pis day . xij d 

on ye octave day quhen ye banares 

come in, amang ye men that 

bare yame, & to ye minstrals 

in ail . . . . xvj d 

on Sanct Loys day to ye quoir . iiij d 

., to ye bellis & organis ye same 

day iij d 

to Will Dalrumpill for scowering 

of ye hers & blawing of ye 

organis & oil doly to ye 

scowering of ye hers ^ ^ . xviij d 

to ye bairns of ye quoir . . viij d 

to Sir Thomas for his waigis & 

to ye Wyne .... xviij d 

for rushis & pak threid . . v d 

to ye belman .... iiij d 

for ye trontail doying x s 

for ye lok making & ye key of 

ye litil box to John Aloxrson . xvj d 

To Sir Thomas for his quarters 

payment .... xx s 



20 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



I 500 continued 

Ye names of ye quarter masters and their servands 
yat payand q* to Andro Muncur 



John Alexsvon 
William Auldjoy 
Robert Kreze 
George Stowart 
William Saidlar 
Symon Glassinder 
Andro Cauchkrin 
Johne Welch 
William Jamesoun 
Symon Cauchran 
Andro Blak 
Henrie Dou 
Johne Letham 
Thomas Broun 
John Softlaw 
John Smyt 
Robin Spens 
Robin Bryde 
Walt Redpath 
Johne Cokburn 
Pait Neill 
James Fur 
Louk Saidlar 
David Rabak 
Alandre Ranald 
John Kibbill 
James Scheirsmyt 
Johne Dorwik 
Pat k Craufurd 



James Graham 
Thomas S party 
William Scheirsmyt 
David Mauchland 
William Daucjleict 
Thomas Smyt Saidlar 
Robert Selkrig 
James Hart 
Andro Blakburn 
William Welch 
Johne Pott 
William Quht 
Alex r Cow 
John Wilsoun 
David Halik 
William Meill 
James Lokcuy r 
William Farule 
William Gilles 
Thomas Smyth 
Johne Malesoun 
Johne Smyt 
Robert Liell 
Stevin Loksmy 1 
Johne Loksmy 1 
William Caruakin 
Thomas Scheirsmy* 
Johne Byuyin 
John Johnstoun 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 21 

I 500 continued 

William Raa John Hendsoun 

William Smy' John Pumfra 

James Smy 1 Hendre Lorymur 

[All the above are credited with the sum of xij d 
and a x before each name as having paid 

On the third quarter of this year the following 
is noted in the receipts] 

Item on ye vj day Februar ressavit 
frae Jonet ye spous of umquill 
Robert Sheirsmyt of his admill 
as she was askit for befor ye 
craft ..... vj s viij d 

Ye twenty day of May in ye zeir of God j m fif 
hundrecht Ye quilk day ye persouns underwritten 
yat is to say Androu Muncur Deyknd & Johne 
Letham & Johne Malesoun Robert Selcraig Thomas 
Smyth William Meill Thomas Sparty John Pow 
Louk Saidlair William Adamson Steven Loksmyth 
has ordaint & constitut confourm to att maid befoir 
for upsett of ye persouns set up in yis wise that ilk 
burgis air & craftismans soun pay xx s & all oyers 
to pay xl s & ye payment heirof to be maid & 
pait ye tain half ane zeir & ye other half ain 
another zeir 

Item John Welch boltmaker for his 

upset .... xl s 

Ye same day John Byuyin is oblist 

be ye faucht in his body to 

gtent & pay to ye Dekynd & 

maistris of ye Hammermen to 



22 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 500 continued 
ye uphalding of Sanct Eligius 

altar xl s 

Item Ye same day William Welch 
ane freemans sun to pay siclyke 
be ye fat in his body . . xl s 
[and many others] 

1501 

Robert Selkrig 

Ye ix day of May in the zeir of God a thousand 
five hundred and ane zeir ye maist pairt of hammer- 
men weill gadderit at Sanct Leonard & chosit w l full 
electioun ye forsaid Robert Selkrig to be Dekin 
and Kirkmaister for yis zeir & deleverit him ye 
box & buk with banare, mort clait, & caddilheids 
and all of Sanct Loyis geir And yat after ye said 
Robert deleverit ye thrie keys of ye box ane till 
Andro Muncur ane to William Meill & ane to 
John Loksmyt 

Yis is my ressait in ye first quarter 

Item Ressait upon Sanct Loys day 

ye morn of myd simmers day in 

Sanct Gelis Kirk of ye pasch 

frae William Auldjoy & Sir 

Thomas .... xxxij d 

ye same day fra Andro Muncur 

John Letham & Hendre Lory- 

mur & gottin in ye kings 

chalind frae ye king & ye 

lordis . . . xxij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 23 

1501 continued 
Item Fra James Gramys wyfe & Alex 

Grais wyfe of yair Whitsunday 

annuel ..... xiij s iiij d 
frae John Welch of his q l payment xxx d 

Yis is my deliverand of ye first quarter 

Item given to gilzand of romayin of 

ye iij lib mair nor was gottin 

amang ye craft ... x d 

for gwin powdar . . . iiij s vj d 

for ij hors to ye ij men that bare 

ye caddlesticks apon ye sevin- 

day from corpus pis day before 

ye craft .... xvj d 

to ye tawboyuar & fidlar on 

corpus pis day that playit before 

ye craft. .... iij s iiij d 

corpus pis day to iiij men that bare 

ye iiij standarts in harness & 

ye octave day ilk man ij s ye 

somme ..... viij s 
to ye ij men that bare ye gret 

caddelheads .... xxxij d 

to ye iiij men that bare ye torches xxxij d 

on corpus pis day for a gallon of 

ail & ij mayn bred that zred 

thro ye toun w l ye banares . xx d 

for a gallon of ail at ye Disioun 

amang yame that bare ye banare 

and caddilheads and ye 

minstralis .... xvj d 

upon ye octave day for ij quarters 



24 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1501 continued 

of ail & ij mayne bred gangand 

thro ye toun with ye prossioun xvj d 

Item Amang yame quhild yay come I 

gallon of ail . . . . xvj d 

ye day that we bro* in for iiij hors 

to ye iiij men that bare ye banare iiij s 
yat day or ye giduars and ye men 

in harness and minstrals zreid 

furwicht for a gallon of ail 

amang yame .... xvj d 

? , for a gallon coft that yay come 

hame amangst yame all . . xvj d 

for bickis till our craft that met 

us upon ye burrow muir . . ij s 

On Sanct Eloyis Day 

Item To ye quoir .... iiij d 

,, to bellis & organis . . . iiij d 

to John Staulo for scens . , xij d 

to Sir Thomas to ye Wyne . . xvij d 

Dalrumpill for scowering of ye 

hers & lamps & blawing of 

ye organis & oil doly to ye 

hers ..... xvij d 

for rushis & pakthreid ... vj d 

to ye bairns of ye quoir . . viij d 

for ye Trountail .... x s 

for bred & wyne to ye trontail . v d 

to ye belmon to gang thro ye town iiij d 

for ye knoppis of ye gret torchis 

& making of ye ij flowers to 

ye heids .... v s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 25 

1501 continued 
Item for ij lib iij vunc to ye twa caddil 

Sanct Loys & Sanct Leonaris 

of new wax ekit to ye aid wax 

ye p r .... v s vij d 

for iiij lib new wax ekit to ye altar 

eaddil ..... x d 

for ij 3 lib caddil to ye trontail . xxx d 

for a pair of torchis wayand viij Ib 

iiij vunce ye price . . . xij s iiij d 
for making & paynting of our 

auld wax .... ij s viij d 

,, to Sir Thomas for his quarteris 

payment .... xx s 
to ye Servand for his quarteris 

payment .... v s 

Yis is my deliverand in ye third quarter 

Item To John of Couchwik for making 

of twa new caddil agains pasch 

of o r ain wax . . . xij d 

to Sir Thomas for his q' payment 

yis quarter .... xx s 
to ye servand for his quarteris 

payment .... v s 

to Sir Thomas for a pynt of oil 

that John Malesoun gat, oil that 

he pay 1 afterwards . . . vij d 

. for clothing & keiping of our 

silver at ye washing of ye kirk 

& covering with claithis & 

drinksilver to ye men that 

wachit it ... . xij d 



26 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1501 continued 
Item to twa cheldis to wach ye hers 

about ye altar after ye wachin . iiij d 

for making of caddil that yay broke 

at ye altar .... iiij d 

1502 

Ye viij day of ye month of May ye zeir of God 
j m v c and ij zeirs ye maist pairt of ye hammermen well 
gadderit at Sanct Leonards riply advisit & chosit 
be free electioun Thomas Sparty, Dekin & kirk- 
maister for yis zeir till contine for ane zeir 

Ye xxij day of May ye zeir forsaid in pres e of ye 
maisteris at Sanct Leonards weill gadderit roupit 
Sanct Loyis bred quhat wald gif maist for it And 
then Thomas Crauford profferit & tuk ye said breid 
for ane zeir and yis day quhill beltane day or ye 
Sunday yerof for xxiij 8 in ye zeir 

My deliverand of ye third quarter 

Item Deleverit to Javidson for ye 

fyre & ye keys of the Tolbucht 

ye day of our count making . xij d 

on Sanct Loys day ye morning of 

Sanct Androwis day given to ye 

quoir iiij d 

for bellis & orgains . . . iij d 

to Dalrumpill for scowering of ye 

hers oil doly & blawing of 

ye orgains .... xvij d 

to Sir Thomas to ye wyne for his 

silver xvij d 

to Willia Stanli for ye scens . xij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 27 

I 502 continued 

Item to ye bairns of ye quoir . . viij d 

to ye trontiall doying x s 

to ye belmon to gang thro ye toun iiij d 

for holings fra Roslying at Sanct 

Loys mass .... vj d 

new wax ekit till o r aid wax for 

ye iij altar caddil & for ij pair 

of torches & ij xlib. caddil to 

ye trontiall & making and 

paynting of o r aid wax at Sanct 

Loys mass .... xxix s vj d 
for bred & wyne to ye trontiall 

doying ..... v d 

to ye servands to tak poynds for o r 

annuel ..... iiij d 

,, for viij pynt of oil ye pynt viij d ye 

somme is .... v s iiij d 

to Sir Thomas for his q r payment xx s 
to Sir Thomas for ye clais washing 

yis zeir ..... iiij d 

to David Craufurd for his fee . v s 

This is my delivrand of ye forth quarter 

Item to ye ij servands yat zeid thro 

ye toun w* us . . . ij s 

to ye man that bare ye poinds 

& his creill .... vij d 

to minstrals yat day of Dekyn 

chosing & to ClofFas . . xx s 
to Sir Thomas of his q r payment . xx s 
to ye servands quarter payment 

allowit in his upset v s 



28 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 502 continued 
Item for paynting of Sanct Loys brod 

yes tyme twelmonth qut we tuk 

it ...... ij s iiij d 

to ye Dekin Thomas Smy 1 to pay 

ye minstrals jacat & hois, a 

fraunch crown, to John of Cou- 

chwik for ye making of our 

altar caddil at pasch . . viij d 

to ye same man for ane roll of 

wax of viij vunce to ye mass . xv d 

1503 

Ye xxij day of May in ye zeir of God j m v c iij 
zeirs ye maist pairt of ye hammermen weill gadderit 
in ye Blak fryres ressavit full count & rekynin fra 
Thomas Sparty Dekyn of his zeirs count baith of 
his ressavit & deliudranc weill herd & allowit 
& all thyngs quhat has, ye said Thomas put in ye 
gret box iiij lib & ij lib xiij s & v d & deleverit 
to Thomas Smyt to be grandit to ye altar & lous 
o r chairges with 

Maisteris namis yat payit quartre xij d each 

Andro Muncur Thomas Burin 

Alex d Muir Andro Burell 

Robert Kerzot Thomas Smyt saidlar 

William Adamsoun Robin Spens 

Symon Glasfurd Hendre Lorymur 

Johne Welch Walter Reidpit 

Andro Cauchkrin David Rabuk 

Alain Cauchran Louk Saidlar 

Andro Blak Alex d Ranald 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 29 



1503 continued 



Henrie Doo 
Johne Letham 
Pat k Craufurd 
Johne Dornwik 
James Graham 
Johne Finlech 
William Sheirsmy' 
James Sheirsmy 1 
Pait Neil 
Cuthbert Smy 1 
David Maitland 
Johne Pumfra 
William Dauglech 
Robert Selkrig 
James Hart 
Johne Wilsoun 
William Welch 
Johne Pottar 
Alex d Low 
Thomas Freland 
Andro Blakburn 
William Quhit 
Andro Bowok 
William Davidsoun 
James Kaipunt 
William Meil 



Harie Smy 1 
Robert Wilsoun 
David Halis 
James Smy 4 
James Lokcart 
Thomas Smy 1 
Johne Malisoun 
Robert Leill 
William Gillis 
Stepen Loksmy* 
Johne Loksmy* 
Johne Johnsoun 
Johne Hendersoun 
Robin Heigh 
William Banantin 
Johne Byuyin 
Johne Smy 1 
Thomas Sheirsmy* 
William Raa 

William Auldjoy 

Johne Wod 

Johne Alexersoun 

William Smy 1 

James Smy' arrow heid 
makor 

Thomas Smy 1 cutlar 



Thomas Smy 1 Deking in ye zeir of God l m v c and 
thre zers 

The vij day of May ye zer forsaid ye maist 
pairt of the Hammermen weill gadderit at Sanct 



30 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1503 continued 

Leonards with full election chosit Thomas Smy* 
Dekin to ye hammermen craft for this zeir to come 
with full power in ye said office siclyke as use & 
justice has tint by Deykins in tymes bygain 

This is my deliverand in ye first quarter 

Item For Robart our talberours jacat 

of all costinain for maid till him xj s 
for a pair of hois of red caesay till 

him viij s j d 

for a pappare of silk to mend our 

banare ..... iij d 

for ij punds of powder deleverit to 

ye Abbot and to ye abbot at 

command of ye craft . . xx s 
for poynits to ye harness and to 

put on yair geir with . . iij d 

by corpus pis day & ye octave 

day to Gilzean yay ij dayis . x s 

to Clofas to play on ye great 

buzoon ..... ij s 

For ye half of Sir Thomas 

jacket of chaunlot . . . xx croun 

On Sanct Loys day 
[Disbursements much the same as 1502] 

For ane instrument of sasin of 
Robert Sheirsmy 1 annuell & 
William Sheirsmy 1 ... x crouns 

Ye xvj day of May quhen ye Dekyn ressavit ye 
box it was statuit yat quhat tyme the Deykin was 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 31 

1 503 continued 

chairgit or happened to be chairgit for ye haill craft 
and ye servands wayarnit ye said masteris lawfully 
and yay compeared not as yay was warinyt yay 
havand na lawfull excuse yay shall pay ilk tyme 
that yay are absent to Sanct Loys altar ye price of 
half a pound of wax And at ilk quarter tym, and 
haill pound of wax without any favour 

1504 

Ye xij day of ye month of Mey in ze zeir 
of God j m v c & four zeirs Ye same day ye 
maist p l of ye craft weill gadderit at Sanct 
Leonards w* full election chosit Robert Selkrik 
Deking for yis next zer to come & ye ressavit 
full count & reknyin fra Thomas Smy' Deking 
his zer bygain & all his count heard & under- 
stood baith of his ressavit & deleverant for yis 
zeir bygain swa has ye said Thomas put in ye 
box vlib xxxvj 5 & viij d & deleverit to ye said 
Robert Selkrik Deking 

[Disbursements much the same as 1502] 

1505 

Ye third day of the month of May anno dom 
j m v c and fyve zeir ye quhilk day ye hammermen 
weill gadderit at Sanct Leonard & chosit be full 
election William Auldjoy Deking for this zer 
to come & yerfor deleverit till him ye day of 
Robert Selcraigs comp* making ye great box 
ye buk, banare, standards, candellheids, & other 



32 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

I 505 continued 

graichts pertaining to Sanct Loys in Andrew 
Muncurs foir hous ye xvij day of ye said month 
and has deleverit ye keys of ye great box ane to 
Robert Cuclar ane to Thomas Sparty and ane to 
John Malesoun 

Also ye said day Sanct Loys brod was roupit 
quha wald gif maist for it & Thomas Craufurd tuk 
it for xxiij cr & to pay or ye said Deking mak his 
compts be ye faucht in his body 

Ye names of ye masteris to gang with ye 
Deking quha need bees & to gang throw ye toun w l 
him 

Robert Selkrig Sandre Bow 

Andro Muncur Andro Blak 

Thomas Furycht Alain Cauchran 

William Furycht Louk Saidlar 

Stevin Loksmy' John Letham 

John Loksmy 1 Andro Burrol 

John Malesoun William Meill 

John Pumfra William Raa 

Thomas Sparty 

This is my deleverent of the first quarter 

Item given to Gilzand talberour on 

corpus xpi day & ye octave 

day ..... X s 

to Clofois for to play on ye great 

buzoon ..... ij s 

to Robin Hay ond ye octave day . xij d 

for bearing of ye four banaris yat 

ij days in harness . . . viij s 
to ij men that bare ye candillheid xxxij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 33 

1505 continued 

Item to ye iiij men that bare ye four 

torchis ..... xxxij d 

to ye ij Wolotts . . . xvj d 

at the furtht passing of them that 

bare this geir in aill . . xvj d 

in wyne aill & bred on corpus 

xpi day throw ye gait . . xvj d 

on ye octave day at their journey- 
ing in aill .... xvj d 

Yat same day passant throw ye 

gait in aill .... xvj d 

for poynts (pins) & pakthreid . vij d 

to Herod ..... iiij s 

to his twa dactures (daughters) . ij s 

to ye v buythis .... vj s 

Sanct Loys day 

Item to ye quoir .... iiij s 
for bellis & organis . . . iij s 
to Will Dalrumpill for scowering 

of ye hers .... xvij d 

to Sir William for his labours . xvij d 

to Willi Stanli for scens . . xij d 

to ye bairns of ye quoir . . viij d 

to ye lad that kepit ye altar . iiij d 

for rassis & pakthreid . . . iiij d 

for bred & wyne to ye trontall . iiij d 

for ye trontall .... x s 

to ye belman .... iiij d 

to Sir Thomas of his quarter pay- 
ment ..... xx s 
to ye servand .... v s 

C 



34 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

I 505 continued 

Item to John Borthwikfor wax at myd 

summar ekit to ye iij candelles 

[for ye] altar v Ib ye price . xij s vj d 

for twa half Ib candillis to ye 

trontall ..... xxx d 

for and pair torchis wayand ix lb 

and half .... xij s ix d 
for and emot to ye ground stand . iix d 

This is my deleverant of the third quarter 

Item To Jardam .... viij d 

to James Smy* for making of ye 

key of ye box . . . iiij d 

for and clait above ye Sancts hedis 

& for frengois till it & for 

making of ye same . . iij s iiij d 

for ane stick of demeostay . . xxxvj 8 
for half and ely jukit white treilzo ij s 

for twa dosand Red Ribands . xvj d 

for making of ye mort clatis to 

Alex r Howing ... v s 

twa pair torchis again Sanct Loyis 

day wayand xiij lb ye price ye 

Ib xvj d ye somme . . . xviij* viij d 
ekit to ye iij candellis of ye altar 

iij lb viij ounce & ekit to ye 

candell heids vj ounce and a 

row of wax .... x s 

half pound candill to ye dirge & 

faull mass .... v s 

giffing to Sir William Brouan for 

ye scompis of ye candillis that 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 35 

I 505 continued 

stand upon ye beir yat petaind 

to ye prouest ... xij d 

Item to ye quoir upon Sanct Loyis day iiij s 
for belles & orgains . . . iij s 
to Will Dalrumpell . . . xvij d 

to Stanli for scens . . . xij d 

to ye bairns of ye quoir . . viij d 

to Sir William .... xvij d 

to ye quoir for ye saull mass & 

dirge sang on ye morand after 

Sanct Loys day . . . xiij s iiij d 
for ye eking furtht of ye laif 

trontall ..... iiij s viij d 
for ye great bell ryinging . . ij s 

to ye belman for pasing throw ye 

town to ye f(a)ull mass & dirge iiij d 

to William Stanli for ye silver 

candelsticks to ye dirge . . viij d 

to Dalrumpill for his fee at ye 

same dirge .... iiij 

for and pair crowatts to Alex r 

Muir ..... iij s 
to Sir William for his q* payment xx s 
to James Smy 1 servand for his q l 

fee v s 

This is the expens maid of ye Hers 
Item Deleverit to Cuthbert Smy* to 

buy Irin . . . . xliij 5 

to ye said Cuthbert for his fee . xl s 
for a plait to mak a pattern to ye 

crovnis (crowns) . . . iiij d 



36 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1505 continued 

Item for ye lottis drawing to ye 

chessewing to Alex r Chalmers . ij s vij d 

for bareing of ye hers therof fra 

Cuthbert Smy* ... vj d 

to Cuthbert Smy 1 of drink silver 

at ye command of ye craft . viij d 

for wir ..... iij d 

for takace . . . j d 

to Ambros Meill . . . v lib 

to Alex r Chalmer . . . v lib 
for leid ..... iij s 

to ye masvins .... ij s 

to ye wricht .... viij d 

for ye bodemmying of ye padnis . xvj d 

to Jok Caurror for his labour . ij s 

for nalis j d for ye scalffoccts away 

bering ij d .... iij d 

for ye instrument taind apon Pait 

Bigholm at ye upputting of ye 

hers ..... iiij d 

for a gad iron that held up ye hers 

to John Caurror of all costman 

& workmanship . . . xj 

Somme of my deleverent 

is .... xx hb xiij s 



1506 

The x day of the month May ye zeir of God one 
thousand fif hundreht & sax zeir ye Hammermen 
craft weill gadderit at Sanct Leonards chosit be full 



s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 37 

I 506 continued 

election John Loksmy* Deking & Kirkmastor for 
this zeir to come and yerfor deleverit to him ye box 
ye buk & banare & standarts candellheid & 
other graith pertaining to ye craft & to Sanct 
Loys in Andro Muncurs hous ye xvj day of May 
above written And he has deleverit ye keyis of ye 
box ane to Louk Saidlar ane to Thomas Scheirsmy 1 
and to William Meill 

Also ye samyn day Sanct Loyis brod was roupit 
quha wald gif maist for it And Andro Craufurd tuk 
it for xxiij 8 to pay or ye Dekin mak his compt be ye 
faucht in his body 

This is my deluarance of ye first quarter 

Imprimis given till Ambros Meill for 

mending of ye candilheids . ij s 

for and Rod to ye said Ambros . iiij d 

to ye wricht that maid ye cart to 

ye dans of drinksilver . . iiij d 

to ye man that hotht ye buirds 

till him .... j d 

for nalis to ye same cart . . ix d 

till a turner for vj knoppis making 

till ye candilheids . . . viij d 

for paynting of ye candilheids & 

speirs till mast r John Boyd . viij d 

for and caip of white plait to put 

ont ye candellis with . . viij d 

for mending of ye curtain to Jonet 

Meill ..... viij d 

[Expenses on Corpus xpi day and Saint Eloys 

day same as before] 



38 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

I 506 continued 
This is my delurance of the third quarter 

Item To ye quoir on Sanct Loyis day iiij s 

bellis & orgains . , . ij s 

for scowering of ye hers . . xviij d 

to William Stanle for scens (incense) xij d 

to ye bairns of ye quoir . . viij d 

to ye boy that kepit ye altar on 

Sanct Loys & ye graicht on 

ye morning of ye Dirge . . iiij d 

To Sir William .... xvij d 

to ye quoir for singing of ye sail 

mass & dirge . . . xiij s iiij d 

to eking furcht of ye laif trontall . iiij s viij d 
for Rynging of ye great bell to ye 

Dirge & full mass . . . ij s 

to William Stanli for ye candil- 

sticks of silver & his labo r at 

ye said dirge . . . viij d 

for four half lib candills to ye 

dirge & full mass ... v s 

for iij llb of new wax ekit to ye iij 

altar candillis . . . viij s ix d 

for twa procats to ye torchis way- 

and a lib . . . . xxx d 

for and pair torchis wayand xiij hb 

ye price ye lib xvj d ye somme . xvij s iiij d 
given to Sir William Crmygaland 

for making of a new cover till 

our mass buk . . . viij s viij d 

for and Instrument taind in ye 

Rawoster quhen ye Chaptur 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 39 

I 5 06 continued 

granted to ye synging of ye 

mass with ye Deking . . iiij d 

Item for j.x hb of wax ekit to ij auld 

stinpas of ye bras hers . . iiij s ix d 
for ye mending of ye fut gang 

under ye altor . . . iiij d 

for vj ely curtain canvass to be an 

ab ..... xij s 

for iij quart" lynin to be and omit xiiij d 

for ye making of ye ab . . ij s 

for iij hand towolles to ye alter . vj d 

for xv chopins of oil to ye lamp ye 

price of chopin v d somme is . vj s 

given to Sir William of his quarter 

fee ..... xx s 
to James for his fee . . v s 

fourth quarter 

Imprimis Deleverit & pait for and 

ely holland clait to be and 

corporall ye price . . . iiij s vj d 
for silk till it & making . . vj d 

for and bolt till ye auld ab . . viij d 

for mending of ye daily courtings . ij d 

for ye altor clatis washing this zer iiij s 
given for and auld ab and emot 

& marking of it . . xv s ij d 

Given to James Kinpovut of his 

money & expens that he laid 

doun ye tyme he was abbot & 

maid be certane of ye masteris 

to gif hym xl s 



40 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1507 

The xvj day of the month of May in ye zer of 
God j thousand fif hundreht and seven zeir The 
maisters w t full election has chosun for ye zer Allan 
Cothram for their Deyking and kirk maister and has 
deleverit to him ye box ye buk ye kros and every 
thing pertaind to ye altar 

[In the receipts of the first quarter occurs the 
following entry] 

Item getting on Sanct Loys day be 
Andro Meill & Sir Andro 
Chatto & in ye abbay . . ij lib xvj s 

[In the disbursements of the first quarter occur 
along with the usual expenses the following special 
entries] 

Item given them on corpus xpi day 

in mayne breid in ye procession 

and ye octave day & aill . xxxij d 

given for twa parchmont skynis to 

ye bovun .... xxxij d 

for an ounce of burg threid to ye 

bynding of it . . . . iiij d 

given for silk to mend ye banare . iiij d 

given Herod .... iiij s 
to his twa doctoures . . . ij s 

given to his fif knytes ... v s 

., to ye four wiffis .... iiij s 

second quarter 

Item for and band to ye caip of 

claith gold & mending of it . v s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 41 

I 507 continued 
third quarter 

Item Given for vij quarters lynyin to 

be and pair sleeves to ye blue ab xxvij d 

for vj quarter lynyin to be twa 

ormotts to ye same blue ab and 

another to ye white stand . xxj d 

This is ye expens maid upon ye making of ye 
banare 
Imprimis Given for viij ely taffatis to 

Thomas Otterburn ye price ely 

xvj s ye somme . . . vj hb viij s 
Given for vj ounce of silk to be 

fringes ye price ounce xl d 

somme ..... xx s 

for ye making of xxvij ely fringes 

ye price ely iiij d somme . . ix s 

Given for iiij pippons of silk to sew 

that on with .... x d 

For and ely bukram to mak hois 

to that ij s 

For ye sewing on of ye fringes 

to ye tailyors & sewing of ye 

hois ..... iiij s 

Given in wyne to Thomas Foular 

at ye shaping of them & for 

ye bordering of Rowand about 

or yay were stentit . . . xl d 

For ye making & paynting of that 

to Peris .... viij lib 

Given to him & his childer in 

drinksilver v s 



42 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 507 continued 
Fourth quarter 

Item Given for iij payntit piggis 

to ye altar .... ix s 

Given to Pers for botyand & 

mending of ye banare that he 

said he had tynt of them befor 

certain masteris & saidit his 

workmanship yerof . . . v s 

Tain furth of ye box to ye makin 

of ye banares .... v lib xv s ij d 
Tain furth of ye box iiij Ruddars . iiij llb xij s 
Gotten for ane study (anvil) that 

lay in weird (ward) . . ij s 

Gotten ond Sanct Loyis day in ye 

kirk & in ye Abbay . . xxxiij 5 

1508 

Allain Cochrain 

[The accounts for this year are not complete, 
but commence immediately after the fourth quarter 
of 1507, omitting the usual notice of the election of 
deacon and the receipts and disbursements of the 
first and second quarter of the year. The other two 
quarters do not require to be detailed.] 

1509 

The sexth day of ye month of May ye zer of 
God J m V c & nyne zers the quilk day ye Hammer- 
men craft weill gadderit at Pleasaunce riply 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 43 

I 509 continued 

advisit chosit be full election William Meill kirk- 
maister & Dekyind for this zer to come 

The xxix day of ye month of May ye zer above 
writtin ye quhilk day ye Hammermen craft Res- 
savit full compt & Rekyning of all Allain Coch- 
rane Dekyind & Kirkmaister in ye Blak Frers 
of Edinburght of all his Ressatis & Deleverand 
And ye said Allain was found awand to ye craft 
v lib xj shillings Off ye quhilk somme was put in 
Sanct Loys box iiij lib, & xxxj s was deleverit 
to William Meill to mak expensis with And ye 
keys of Sanct Loys box was given to John Letham 
Allain Cochrain & Hery Lorymour 

First quarter 

Item Given for to say mass for 

Thomas Wigholm oft his 

deceas because he freit his 

hois of his expensis, at ye 

inbringing of sumor, and all 

his playing on ye bovand 

(bagpipe) . . . xij d 

Given to them that bare ye stan- 
dards at ye inbringing of sumor 

oft yair name coming & befor, 

ane gallon of aill . . . xvj d 

Given to Rudde for his sport before 

ye craft .... xvj d 

Sanct Loyis day 

To ye quoir .... iiij s 

bellis & orgains .... iij s 



44 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

I 5 09 continued 

To Sir William for his labors . . xviij d 

William Stanle for cens . . xij d 

ye bairns of ye quoir . . viij d 

given to ye ladds that kepit ye 

altar ..... iiij d 

for gras ..... ij d 

to ane puir scolar that helpit to 

say ye mass at ye altar . . ij d 

to given to say mass for Thomas 

Wigholm .... ij s 

[In the receipts of the third quarter is the following] 

Gotten be William Raa Allain 
Cochrain in ye kirk on Sanct 
Loyis day & be Thomas 
Scheirsmyt & John Sparty in 
ye abbay the sum of all being 
of guid silver is ... ij hb xix s 
and yat ye fraunch crowne that 
was gotten in ye abbay is 
not guid 

Third quarter 

[Among the ordinary disbursements the following 
extra payments occur] 

Given to James ye servand for 

ye mending of ye lok of ye 

kist of powper . . . iiij d 

For sewing ane of ye armis that 

was revyin of ye blue vestment ij d 

xxv ely of worsit ribanis to 

mend ye dayly courtings with . xij a 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 45 

I 509 continued 
For ye mending & lashating of 

them ..... xvij d 

half ane ely canvass to mend 

ye Daily frontal le & ye green 

frontall ix d 

ye mending of them & setting 

to of ye canvass . . . vj d 

given for Thomas Rais wiffis old 

silver ..... vj s viij d 

to ye masvins for ye rasying of 

ye payment & laying . . xij d 

Fourth quarter 
The expensis maid ond the Hers 

To William Smy 1 for his work- 

mandship .... vj hb 
John Alex r for Iron & his work- 

mandship .... iiij lib iiij s viij d 
ye payntor for paynting of the 

Hers and ye claweris gilting . iiij hb vj s 
for ane stain of leid to Andro 

Cauchkrin .... xxxiiij d 

for making of the holis & zetting 

of the botts .... xvj d 

James Carwour for his lawbor s 

and the upputting of the Hers . iiij d 

twa pynors for bering of the 

pipis to ye shaffoltin & hame 

bringing of thad . . . iiij d 

for wyr to the fassinying of the 

hammors and the crovins & 

the Rod & trangilis . . ij d 



46 .THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

I 5 09 continued 

To for bodmond in of the padis . xviij d 

Suma . xv hb iiij s viij d 

given to Patk Carwour for and 

lang Sadill .... xlvij d 

his childor in drinksilver & aill 

& wyne .... xxvij d 

John Loksmy 1 for twa loks & 

bands ..... vj d 

twa pynors for dovn bringing of it ij d 

Suma . ij lib xv s vj d 

The expenis of the crowats making 

Given for ij ounce & an q r silver 

to the crowats mair na ye 

silver that Thomas Rais wife 

left & ye grots that ye guid- 

wiffis gaif of the craft ye price 

ounce xij d Suma . . . xxvij cr 

For ane q r of ane Frnch noble to ye 

gilting of them ... x s vj d 

For ane ounce of silver ane grot 

wecht les that ye crowats 

wayit mair nor our ain silver 

coumd to that the goldsmy* 

ekit x s vj d 

To Donald Schaw for ye making of 

xiij ounce silver ane grot wecht 

less that our crowats wayit ye 

price of ilk ounce iij s vj d , suma xlv s vj d 

James Smy* for twa haks to hyng 

them on .... vij d 

Suma of the Crowats is iiij hb xiiij 5 ij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 47 

I 509 continued 
The ordinar expens 

To Jordan ye day of the last compt 

making in the Tolbaith . . xij d 

for and indentur to ye officalis clerks ij s 

sumonds of certain persins that 

wald not pay yr dewits . . xij d 

acts vj d 

acts at ye Tolbuith & for in- 
dorsing to Henry Strauthand . iiij d 

To ye servands that reid throw ye 

toun ..... xij d 

For vj q r lynyin to mak a pok to 

ye banare .... xvij d 

To Sir William of his q r fee . . xx s 

For washing of the clatis . . iiij s 

breid & wyne in ye zer . . iiij s 
To James for his quart 1 fee . . v s 

1510 

The sext day of May the zer of God j m v c & 
ten zers The quhilk day the hamormen craft of 
Edinburgh weill gadderit at the Blak Frers of Edin- 
burgh at ye said place riply advisit chosit William 
Meill, Deking & kirkmastor for this zer to come 
be full election 

First quarter 

Item given to four minstralis ond 
corpus xpi day to Rob Rind- 



48 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

151 o continued 
man, lutar, Robin Hayn tal- 
boraur & to Boyd ye fidlare 
& pipar .... vj cr 

Fourth quarter 

Item Given in Alain Cothrand hous 

ye last compt making to ye 

maidings .... xij d 

for ane Hammor to put in Sanct 

Loys hand & paynting & 

making .... xij d 

for mending of our daily Vest- 
ment & abbis . . . xij d 
to Adam Corry for his lawbours 

& for ingadding of the stent . iiij d 

to ye servands for passing throw 

the tovne & and pynor to bear 

ye wadds for the ingadding of 

the q r payments . . . xx d 

for washing of the clatis of the 

altor ..... iiij s 
for finding of breid & wyne ye haill 

zer . . . . . iiij s 
to Sir William for his q r fee . xx s 

to James for his q r fee . . v s 

1511 

William Smytht Dekin off the zer of God ane 
thousand v c and xj zers 

The fourth day of May the zer of God above 
writin the quhilk day ye Hamermen weill gadderit 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 49 

1511 continued 

at Sanct Leonards riply advisit chosit w th full 
election Dekin & Kirkmaister William Smy 1 for 
yat zer to come & deleverit to hym Sanct Loyis 
box, his buk, w l banare, & oy r geir. 

This is my Ressait of ye first quarter 

Impr. gotten on Sanct Loys day 

throw ye kirk be Pat h Scot & 

Thomas Smald goldsmy 4 . xxxix s vj d 

gottin of quarter payments throw 

ye tovne .... xxxv s 
Ressavit ye same day ye compt 18 

sauld have been hard & y l 

coum na man to hear it . 

fra Andro Hovume of his prentas x s 

fra Johne Watsin cutlar of his 

prentas .... x s 

fra James Lokart or he decessit of 

his prentas .... v s 

gottin on Sanct Loys day throw 

ye kirk be William Ra and 

Andro Cathkrin . . . iij llb vj s 
gottin be John Syty in ye Abbay 

with ye Kings offerand & 

otheris ..... xxxj s vj d 

This is my deleverand of the fourth quartor 

Impr. For iiij ely iij q r half curtain 
canwoss to be ane pair of lenten 
curtains to ye altor . . . xv s 

for vij qur ts of curtain canwoss to 

be ane frontall to ye altor . iiij s vij d 

D 



50 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1511 continued 

Impr. for burg threid to be fringes to 

yam ..... xxij d 

for lasis to ye curtains . . iiij d 

for washing of the fringes . . x d 

for making and sewing of yam . xxxij d 

for the aresting of James Lokart 

for his prentas . . . iiij d 

for ij acts in the tolbutht . . viij d 

for ane act in ye tolbutht for ye 

disthargin of ye croundars . iiij d 

for ye poynding of Grays annuell . iiij d 

to James Smy* for v clekis to ye 

Desk befor ye altor . . viij d 

to Allain Cothran wif for colis 

at the last compt in yair 

hous ..... vij d 

to ij servands to pass throw ye 

toun for ye ingadderin of the 

q r payments for our duties . xiij d 

for washing of ye clatis this zer . iiij s 
for finding of breid & wyne this 

zeir ..... iiij s 
to Sir William for his q r fee . xx s 

to James Smy* for his q r fee . v s 

1512 

William Ra Dekin off the zer of God ane 
thousand v c and twelf zers 

The ix day of May the zer above writin The 
quhilk day the hamyormen craft weill gadderit and 
riply advisit at Sanct Leonards chosit with full 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 51 

151 2 continued 

election Dekin & Kirkmaister for that zer to come 
William Ra and deleverit hym Sanct Loyis box 

Ressait fra William Smyt that was 

lost out of the box . . xvij d 

frae Pottijohne fraunchman of his 

upset and complet payment . xx s 

Disbursements throughout the year 

For iiij lib vj ounce of wax ekit to 

ye candillis of the altor ye price 

lib xxxij d Suma xj s viij d 

ane torch wayand iiij lb ye price Ib 

xvj d Suma vj s 

ane q r Ib candillis to ye trontall . viij d 

ane pair great torchis drawing & 

all expensis .... xxx s xj d 
ane servand to tak ye geir at ye 

cross ..... iiij d 

to ane clerk yat wrait ye namis 

quhn ye provost caused ye craft 

to gadder . . . . iiij d 

given to Niddy ye last wappin- 

schaw quhid he playit of the 

drautht trimpit . . . xij d 

for the layne of the trimpit to hym . iiij d 

the mending of the pulli of the 

lamp & upputting and doun 

taking of it to Alex r Howison . xij d 

ane cleik of iron to fasten ye lamp 

to James Smyt . . . iiij d 

to Alex r Howison in drinksilver 



52 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

151 2 continued 

quhen he put up ye Rauthteris 

for to close ye southsyde of the 

kirk forgain ye altor . . iiij d 

for ane key to ye common kist to 

James ..... viij d 

given for ane lett of summons upon 

Pait Meill Henry Lorymor 

William Dawgleiss William 

King & Thomas Scheirsmy 1 . xij d 

for acts in ye consistory of ye s d 

persoins .... ij s 

for ane summons maid on Potti- 

johne for his upset . . . xij d 

for acts in ye consistory maid of 

his ploy .... vj d 

The expensis maid on ane corpalain 

For ane qr of Bruges Satin . . iij s vj d 

Reid silk xvj d 

ane hank of gold . . . iij s 

ye burdis of it . . . ij s 

ane q r and half q r fustam . . xij d 

ane ely of lynyin clait to lyn it 

& to be ane pok to it . . xij d 

given to ye Gray sisteris in pairt 

of payment for yair labours orn 

the making yrof . . . xx d 

Extending to . . xiij cr vj d 
ane ely & ane half lynyin to be 

hand towalis to ye altor ye 

price ely xvij d Suma . . ij s iij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 53 

151 2 continued 

For iij ely of lynyin to mend ane aid 

alb & to be ane pair of sleivis 

to it . . . . . xxxij d 

ye mending of ye altor clatis & 

sewing of abbis & hand 

towalis this zeir . . . iiij s 
the washing of the clatis this zeir . vj s 
ane ely of holland to be ane 

corpalain .... viij s 



1513 

William Ra Dekin 

The ix day of ye montht of May the zer of God 
j m v c & xiij zers 

The quhilk day The Hamermen craft weill 
gadderit & Riply advisit at Sanct Leonards chosit 
with full election William Ra, Cutlor kirkmaster and 
Dekin for yis zer to come again 

[The disbursements on Corpus Xpi day and Sanct 
Loys day are much the same as former years. The 
following special items occur throughout this year] 

To William Smyt for mending of 

ye fut of ye candilsteik . . viij d 

for wax & other expensis on Sanct 

Lues day mair na ye offerand 

extendit to .... v s viij d 

to Andro Cauchkrin for soldering & 

mending of ye Hers . . ij s 

, Alex r Howisioun in drink silver for 



54 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

151 3 continued 

ye upputting of ye Rauthteris on 

ye southsyde of ye kirk for ye 

windo ..... iiij d 

William Smy 1 for ye mending of 

ye lamp .... xij d 

John Reid ye tailzor for ane pair 

of candilsteiks to ye altor . xlij s 
given for ane ely wolwos (velvet) to 

be an orphus to ye vestment 

lost be Thomas Smaly . . ij hb x s 
for vj ely white fustam to lyn the 

said vestment ye price ely xxxij d 

Suma ..... xvj s 
Ribains to it . . . ix s viij d 

Reid threid to it . . . iij d 

ane pyppore of blak silk . . ij d 

to ye tailzor of ye making of ye 

vestment ix s iiij d 

for xij ely curtain canwoss to be twa 

abbis ye price ely xxxij d Suma xxxij 8 
v q r & ane half of same canwoss 

to be twa emotts . . . iij s viij d 
making of ye twa abbis . . iiij s 
ix ounce of burg threid to be the 

belts ye price ounce iiij d Suma iij s iiij d 

ye making of ye belts . . xij d 

half ane ely of white fustram to 

be pabolis to ye lenteen vest- 
ment . . . . . xvij d 
lynyin to yame .... viij d 
ye making of yame . . . iiij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 55 

151 3 continued 

for ane q r of Reid Chanlot to mend 

ye Reid Chanlot vestment . iij s iiij d 

Reid threid to sew ye said vest- 
ment . iij d 



lynyin fustram to it & to bor- 
der it 

ye mending & bordering to ye 
tailzor . 

half ane ely bukram to border ye 



der it xij d 

tailzor xvj d 



Reid chanlot pabolis . . xij d 

to ye tailzor for ye mending of yame iiij d 

for vj q r lynyin to be ane pair slevis 

to ane aid ab ij s 

making & ye sewing of ye slevis 

& mending of ye ab . . viij d 

given for ij lb candillis again pasch to 

ye altor .... v s 

for ye washing of ye clatis yis zer . vj s 

breid & wyne to ye altor this zer iii} s 
twa lettis summons to summon 

Pottijohne & Gorge Smy* for 

yair prentass yat was awand 

yair q r payments . . . ij s 

to ye preist that summond yame & 

for diffrent acts in ye consistory 

diffrent termis ... ij s 

for ane summons of John Lothay 

for his prentas . . . xij d 

to ye preist that summond hym 

& the other persounis with 

hym of ye Canongait . . viij d 

for acts in ye consistory . . . iiij d 



56 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

151 3 continued 
to Sir Thomas Maxwell for his pro- 

cratour for to stand . . v s 

The fyft day of Februar ye zer of God j aj V c cxiij 
zer 

The quhilk day ye Dekin & ye maisteris has 
vowand yame faithfully to keip Alain Cothran 
skaithless at the hands of Thomas Zoung gold 
smy 1 anent ye half of ye goun of welwos (velvet) 
coft to Sanct Loy be worshiphill Thomas Smald 
gif he maks ony claim yerof apon ye said Allain 
Cothran 

1514 

The xv day of ye montht of May The Zer of 
God J m V c and xiiij Zer The Hamerymen weill 
gadderit in Alain Cothran hous & riply advisit 
Ressavit full compt & reknying of William Ra, 
Cutlor, kirkmaister for ye twa zers bygain of all his 
ressats & deleverant And ye craft faund hym 
awand all things allowit twenty punds quhilk sovme 
of twenty pund was put in Sanct Loys box And 
ye keyis yrof ane givin to William Ra ane o r to 
Andro Muncur & ye third to James Graham 

The vij day of ye monctht of May The zeir of 
God J a V c & xiiij zers The quhilk day ye Hamyr- 
men craft weill gadderit at Sanct Leonards with 
full election chosit Henry Lorymor Dekin for yat 
zer to come 

[Disbursements on Corpus Xpi day and Sanct 
Loys day same as previous years Nothing special 
is found in the accounts for the year] 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 57 



1515 

The vj day of ye montht of May The zer of God 
I m V c & fiftoun zers The Hamyrmen craft weill 
gadderit at Sanct Leonards with full election has 
chosin William Meill Dekin for yat zer to come 

Ressaint ye day of ye compt mak- 
ing of od silver, left furtht of 
ye box ..... xxxvj d 

Ressaint fra Alex r Muirs wif left be 
her husband quhand God as- 
solze to Sanct Loys altor . xx s 

gotten on Sanct Loys day in ye 

kirk be Will m Smy 1 . . xxxiiij d 

Ressaint fra ye wif of ye Castlehill 

for hir whitsunday annuell . xv s 

for my annuell in Sanct Mary Wynd 

of yis whitsunday . . . ij s vj d 

Disbursements on Sanct Loys day 

To ye quoir ..... iiij d 

for belles & organis . . . iij d 

cens (incense) .... xij d 

to ye bairns of ye quoir . . viij d 

ye cheild yat kepit ye altor . . iiij d 

for scowring of ye hers . . . xvij d 

to Sir William for his labbors . xvij d 

for gers (grass) .... ij d 

ane trontall of masses . . xv d 

breid & wyn to ye trontall . . iiij d 

ane pair torcis (torches) of viij lb . x s viij d 

iij candelles to ye altor of iij lb half xj s iij d 



58 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

151 5 continued 

for twa qr Ib candillis to ye trontall . xv d 

half Ib Rolle .... xv d 

vij q r of canwoss to be ane pok 

to ye greit torch . . . xvij d 

for bringing of ye greit torch fra ye 

kirk off Sanct Loys day . . j d 

to Sir William for his twa qr fees . xx s & xx s 
for ye raising of ye brass to ye Dene 

of Gild ... xl d 

to ye masonis in drinksilver . . xvj d 

Other disbursments throughout this year 

For ane lett of summons apoun 

certain personis ... ij s 

To ye preist that summond ye said 

personis . . . . ij s 

For xvj acts in ye consistory . . xxxij d 

To ye procurator Sir Thomas Max- 
well ij groats because I payt 
hym na mair . . . xx d 

For xvj ely of worsettis to be fringis 

to ye blak courtains . . xx d 

For ye mending of our daily vest- 
ment, fringes of our courtain & 
abbis & other necessars to ye 
altor ..... iiij s 

mending of ye stapill of ye trevis 

about ye altor . . . iiij d 

15 16 

The fourth day of ye montht of May ye zer of 
God j aj v c & xvj zers The hamermon craft weill 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 59 

151 6 continued 

gadderit at Sanct Leonards with full election has 
chosin Patk Scot. Saidlar yair kirkmaister & 
Dekin for yat zer to come 

Disbursements during this year 

For ane instrument tain at ye stait 

of David Crauffords annuell . iiij d 

To ye bailzo for his fee . . . xij d 

ye servand for his fee . . . vj d 
For ye bailzo seill put to yat . 

wax to seill yat w l iiij d 

The expensis maid on ye making of ane pair of 
greit torchis 

For iiij new knoppis to yame & 

rynyin of twa auld knoppis . xxviij d 

iiij lb of new wax ekit to our auld 

wax that was out ye torchis 

quhilk we gavt hym again . xij d 

making of our viij lb of aid wax to 

ye said torchis . . . ij s viij d 

vj ounce of Worinylzou . . ij s 

vj ounce of Wordogreis . . ij s 

ye payntin of ye knoppis of ye 

torch ..... ij d 

To ye child in drinksilver . . xij d 

For ane pok of canwoss to yame . ij s 

Suma . xxv s ix d 
To Georg Adamson & Ando Arnot 

for bering of ye banare at ye 

inbringing silver . . . iiij s 
For bukis ye samyn day . . iiij d 



60 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



151 6 continued 
For ane horse to ye man that playit 

ont ye bovun .... 
ye baneris bering on Corpus xpi 

day & ye octave day . . viij s 
bearing of ye candillheidis . 
payntin of yame new . . . viij s 
ane plait of iron to yame 
bering of ye four torchis 
on Corpus xpi day throw ye toun 

ane pynt of wyne half gallon of 

aill & ane laif 
To ye berars of ye geir yat day at 

yair journeyings In aill 
on ye octave day throw ye toun 

ane quart of wyn half gallon of 

aill & twa mayne laiffis . 
ye fraunch minstrall for playing 

yai twa dais .... viij s 
Herod ..... iiij s 
his twa dottors (daughters) . . ij s 

ye iiij knyts .... iiij s 
ye quoir ond Sanct Loyis day . iiij s 
bellis & orgains .... ij s 

For cens (incense) .... 
To ye bairns of ye quoir 
ye child that kepit ye altar . 
For skowring of ye hers candilstekis 

& lamp ..... 
To Andro Cathkin for mending & 

soldring of ye hers . . . ij s 

Sir William for his labors . 
For ane trontall of massis xv s 



xij' 



xxxi 



vj" 

xxxij d 



xvij d 



xvj ( 



xxvij 



xij 



xviij 1 



xvnj 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 61 

151 6 continued 

For breid & wyn to ye trontall . iiij d 

ye servand for his labors . . iiij d 

ij lb of new walx ekit to ij 3lb of our 

walx for candillis to ye altor . vj s 

twa procats of xij ounce to ye greit 

torch ..... ij s iij d 

making & paynting of o r aid walx x d 

ane pair of torchis of x lb ye price 

Ib xvj d Suma . . . xiij s iiij d 

ane row of ane Ib and ane half . iiij s vj d 
half Ib candill to ye trontall . xviij d 

To Sir William for his q r fee . . xx s 
For mending of ye daily vestment 

& caip ..... xij d 

on Sanct Loys day to pay ye 

massis because ye offerand was 

litill ..... v s 

xij ely of bertam elat to mak iiij 

alter towalis ye price ely iij s iiij d 

Suma ..... xl s 
ane quarter of ane ounce of silk to 

cros yam .... xij d 

twa pipporins of silk to ye altar 

towollis. .... v d 

sewing of ye iiij altor towollis . iij s 
nalis to mak ye skaffolting w l . xij d 

to pynors for bringing of ye 

punciouns & rautheris for mak- 
ing of it . . . . xij d 
to ane wrytht to put ane new leif 

quhair it wantit oor ye silor 

heid xvj d 



<52 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

151 6 continued 
To furgnsving for nalis to put up 

ye littil rautheris . . . xij d 

ye pynors for having away of ye 

punciouns and rautheris . . viij d 

For three gang of burne to watt ye 

kirk ..... viij d 

To Andro Cathkin for mending of 

ye hers ..... xij d 

ye turnor for ane pillo (pulley) . xij d 

William Smy 4 for ye brass to it . ij s 

For viij faldoum of ane cord to ye 

lamp ..... xvj d 

The expensis maid ond the covering of ye alter 

Given for xvj ely of frenzois . . vj s 
For xj ely & half of Reid & 

Green say ye price ely iij s 

Suma ..... xxxv s vj d 
iij quarters of canwos to bordo r ye 

clat with .... ix d 

sewing of it . . . . ij s 

To ane sclator for brinying of twa 

laddris to tak doun ye Rod 

above ye Sancts ... vj d 

Alex r Howisioun for his labo r maid 

at ye doun takin of ye yimagis 

& upputtin .... ij s 

For viij ely & ane half of Reid & 

Zallow (yellow) bukram to ye 

heid of ye altar & to ye clat 

aboun ye Sancts heidis ye price 

of ye ely ij s iiij d Suma . . xx s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 63 

151 6 continued 
For ane ely of canwoss to bordo r yame 

& lashat yame . . . xij d 

To ye tailzor for ye making of 

yame ..... iiij s 
For Reid and Zallow threid . . xij d 

To ye cheild in drinksilver . . iiij d 

For skowring of ye Hers or it was 

gilt . xij d 

iiij clekis & stapillis to ye pilars 

before ye alter . . . viij d 

mending of ye lok & key of the 

bak almonry .... vj d 

ye labo r & workmandschip of ye 

thre Rodis because ye iron was 

o r awin ..... iij s 
iiij dosain of Ryngis to ye curtains ij s 

To ye smythtis man in drinksilver . viij d 

Alex 3 " Howisioun for certain pillis 

maid ..... ij s 

hym for his labor maid at difP 

tymes at ye upputting of yame ij s 

In drinksilver to hym in ye taveron 

& ye tailzor quhilk laborit at 

ye upputting .... xij d 

For xxviij faldom of cordis to draw 

yame with . . . ij s iiij d 

ye laine of ane lang ledder to wyn 

to ye silorheid . . . xij d 

baring hame of yat leddir & ane 

other man .... iiij d 

iiij lb of iron of ye smythis ekit to 

ye greit Rod .... x d 



64 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



1517 

The third day of ye montht of May ye zer of 
God j aj v c & xvij zers The quhilk day ye Hamyr- 
men craft weill gadderit & riply advisit at Sanct 
Leonards w l full election has chosin William Ra 
kirkmastor & Dekin for yat zer to come 

Memo ye key is of ye box given ane to Pat k Scot 
ane to Henry Lorymor & ane to Thomas Smy 1 , 
saidlar 

Disbursements throughout this year 

To Alain Cothran for certain pat- 

rouns maid for ye caip . . ij s 

Andro Cauchkrin for and crowat . xviij 

For mending of twa auld abbis & 

emotts ..... iiij d 

ye making of x lb of walx of o r ain 

since Beltane .... ij s 

ye making of ane pair of torchis 

ye walx being o r ain for ye 

stallis & workmandship . . ij s 

Sande Howisioun for mending & 

inputting of ye fluring of ye bak 

almonry next the pulpat . . iiij d 

mending of ye fut gang under ye 

altar ..... iiij d 

mending of ye green frontall & 

ane ab & ane emot . . viij d 

a litill frontall before ye altar to ye 

daily pendikyll to ye brounstor 

(embroider) .... x s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 65 

151 7 continued 

To ane tailzor to sew it & to mend 

ye canwoss of it . . viij d 

ane tailzor for ye making of twa 

lynyin poks to ye twa angellis 

ond ye pillars of ye altar cla 1 

that coverit ye ymagis of befor xij d 

For ye baring of ye banors threw ye 

toun ye processions passit for 

ye Dolphin of France . . ij s 

To ye franchmen minstrallis . . viij s 

1518 

The tenth day of ye montht of May The zer of 
God j m V c & auchteen zers Ye quhilk day ye 
Hamyrmen craft weill gadderit at Plesaunce Riply 
advisit y r apon Thai have w* full election chosin 
Thomas Smy 1 saidlar, kirkmaster & Dekin for yat 
zer to com 

[Expenses on Corpus Xpi day and Sanct Loys 
day, otherwise as in former years, include the 
following entries among the other disbursements] 
Given for ane letter making to James 

Young for ye annuell of David 

Crauffords to ye baillies of ye 

Canongait for to poynd for ye 

annuell ..... xij d 

to Sir William for ane instrument 

tain ye tym that ye Chanceller 

of Glasgu procurit payment of 

ye said annuell . . . iiij d 

E 



66 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

151 8 continued 
Gotten fra ye Chancellir of Glasgw 

chaplain three termis of David 

Crauffords annuell bygane . iiij llb 
Given for vij ely of curtane canwoss 

to be ane daily ab & twa 

emotts ye price of ye ely ij s 

suma ..... xiiij 8 

For ane q r of Reid Chanelot to mend 

ye Reid Chanelot vestment . iij s iiij d 

ane q r of Reid bukram to mak and 

fannoins to ye Reid vestment . viij d 

ye lynyin to ye vestment & to 

twa fannoins & stoll . . ij s 

ye making of ye said ab . . ij s 

Given for vij pynts of oil & ane 

chopin to ye lamp . . . viij s ix d 

for mending & lynyin of ye blew 

ab & mending of another auld 

abbis xij d 

To ane skynar for putting ont of ye 

covering ont ye mass buk . iiij s 

Given to Sir Thomas Maxwell for 

his procurators for ye tyme Pat k 

Scot was Dekin ... v s 

Memo r That yis is ye money that is 

in Sanct Loyis box deleverit to 

Thomas Smy* saidlar Dekin ye 

xxvi day of May The zer of 

God J m V c & xviij zers In ye 

first Sevin angell nobillis . ix lib xvj cr 

Sexteen various & ane 

half . . . xvj lib x cr 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 67 

151 8 continued 
Twelf crovins of ye some 

of wetht (weight) . x lib xvj s 
Nyne lycht franch crovins vj llb vj cr 
Memo r Nyn ducatts of wetht of 

nynteen schillings ye peice . viij hb xj s 
Three Scotts Rudars . iij llb xviij cr 
Twa half Scotts crovins (crowns) . xl d 

Ane crovin of ye King of wetht 

(weight) .... xvij s 

ane lycht Ducat .... xv s vj d 

Half ane lycht franch crovin . vij s 

of white silvor in grots . . xxviij 8 vj d 
put in ye box ye day above writtin 
of William Ra rest Sex punds 
in plakks 

put in ye box be Thomas Smy 1 
Dekin Twenty pundis 

1519 

Cristophur Wyntoin Dekin of ye zeir of God 
J m V c & nynteen zers 

The viij day of May the zer above writin The 
quhilk day ye Hamyrmen weill gadderit at Sanct 
Leonards And riply advisit hat w 4 full election 
chosin Cristophur Wyntoin Kirkmastor & Dekin 
for yat zer to come 

The third day of June ye zer of God J m V c nynteen 
zers The quhilk day ye maisteris of ye Hamyrmen 
craft weill gadderit in ye Chapell of our Lady of 
Nidres Wynd, ressaint full comp 1 & rekyning of 
Thomas Smy* kirkmastor for ye zer bygain and ye 
said Thomas was awand to ye craft Twenty arie 



68 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

151 9 continued 

pund seven shillings of ye quhilk was put in Sanct 
Loys box Twenty pund and ye twenty seven shillings 
deleverit to Cristophur Wyntoin for ye quhilk he 
sail answer in his first comp 1 

[Expenses on Corpus Xpi day & Sanct Loys day 
as usual] 
Given ye day of ye compt making at 

ye command of ye masteris to 

Sir James Barren . . . xij d 

to Jaspart for mending of ye sacrum 

bell & making of ane new 

tongue to it . . . . xij d 

to John King, franchman o r men- 

strall for ane greit bovun . xij s 

for pakthreid for ye furnissing of 

ye geir iij d 

To John King ye menstrall . . x s 

For ane crown & ane hamy r of 

silver given to ye menstrall . ij s 

silk to mend o r banars & ye 

mending of yam . . . xij d 

Given for ane act in ye tolbuitht 

quhen we gat o r bill deleverit 

about ye daily merkat . . iiij d 

to William Meills wif for twa merk 

of annuell bocht fra her to ye 

uplit of ye altar . . . xvj lib 
to Thomas Malisvion for xx shil- 
lings of annuell of his lands to 

ye altar & craft . . . x lib 
Item Tain furtht of Sanct Loys box 

ye xix day of October ye zer 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 69 

151 9 continued 

of God J m V c & nynteen zers 

be ye mastris Cristall Wyntoin, 

Dekin, William Smy 1 , Thomas 

Smy 1 , saidlar William Dawgleiss 

& Thomas Burne And yat 

to buy annuell w l , yat is to say 

of quhit (white) money elevin 

punds sex schilling & aucht 

pennis, Auchteen lycht franch 

crovins twelf pundis twelf 

schillings, and fif various & 

ane half, fif pundis ten schillings 

Off ye quhilk money y l was 

given to Thomas Malisvion for 

xx s of annuell ten pundis and to 

William Meills wif for twa Merk 

of annuell sexteein pundis And 

for ye laif of ye rest ye Dekin 

sail answer for the haill sovme 

tain furcht Is twenty nyne 

pundis viij s viij d 

To ye bailzo that gaif ye twa sesings vj s 
ye notar at ye taking of ye sesings viij d 

David Purwes servand beand at 

ye s d sesings .... xij d 

Given to Mast r Adam Ottrbuirn for 

twa charters & twa instruments xxiij 8 
at ye resynging of ye said annuells 

to ye servand ... ij d 

For Reid walx & quhit (white) 

walx to seill ye remindents with xiiij d 

Given to Thomas Arnot servand for to 



70 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

151 9 continued 

wairn ye craft ond michaolmass 

day that ye provest spak with 

yame at Nidres Wynd . . viij d 

Given to Adam Loys for to mak ane 

common seill to ye craft for 

seling of ye reidsiouns richt 

honestlie done with ye figure 

of Sanct Loys on it . . x s 

at ye mastr 18 qumands to Sir 

William ye tyme he remaint 

(yat is to say) ye tyme of 

pestilonce & quh en he was 

furcht that he culd not get na 

moy 1 nor waig xl s 

To William Smy 1 for mending of ye 

bodoum of ye lamp . . viij d 

Jaspairt at ye qumand of ye craft 

quhen he was put furcht & 

deand (dying) for hungur . v s 

William Smy 1 for soldering of ye 

candilsteik fut iiij d 

Given to vj men wagit (wages) 

gangand at ye provest bak four 

dais & then dischairgit yat is 

to say Thursday Friday Setter- 
day & Svunday to ilk man 

of v on ye day xvj d to David 

Wach ye vi man on yin day 

xx d suma .... xxxiij 8 iij d 
to Thomas Burne at ye craftis 

qumands to get hym ane pair 

of scheun (shoes) . . . xvj d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 71 

151 9 continued 

Given for twa Ib candillis on Sanct Loys 

day because ye offerand gadderit 

be me & Alain Cothran in ye 

kirk extendit bot to xxiij 8 & 

wald not pay ye ordinar chargis 

y r of be twa schillings, So is laid 

dovun be me mair na ye offerand 

extendit to .... v s viij d 

for twa Ib candillis & ij s by yat 

to ouckerd? ye prestis And 

Sir William hym self has furnist 

candillis to ye altar all ye nyn 

dais & taucht candillis such- 

lyk of his expensis 
For ye aresting of ye pewderars 

weschell of Lecht . . . iiij d 

ye aresting of Thomas Smy 4 to 

bring ye weschell to yeTolbuitht 

that he tuk quh en he was Dekin 

because he was not vigilant . iiij d 

ane charter & instrument of twa 

Merks of annuell bocht fra 

William Wrycht . . . xij d 

To ye latter for ye sesing gevin . iiij s 
ye servand for ye sesing officer . ij s ij d 

1519-20 

Hendre Loromor Dekin of ye zeir off ye zeir 
of God j m v c nyn teen zeir & xx zers 

The third day of ye zer abone writtyn ye quhilk 
day ye Hamyrmen weill gadderit at Sanct Leonards 



72 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

151 9-20 continued 

And riply avisit hais w* full election hais chosin 
Hendre Loromor kyrkmastor and Dekin for yat 
zeir to come 

[Expenses on Corpus Xpi day and Sanct Loys 
day as formerly] 

Item for curtain canvess to mend ye 

ab w l . . . . . ij s vj d 

for a pynt of oil . . . xiiij d 

a pocket to ye challis . . xij d 

To Sir William for his fee . . xx s 
Sir William to pass to Dumferlyng viij s 
For a hamyr & a crown to S r 

William .... iiij s 

To Sir William .... xxix s viij d 

1521 

William Smeberd Dekin in anno dom j m v c xxj 
ye next Sunday after ye mounting of ye cros 

The quilk day ye Hamyrmen craft weill gadderit 
& gidded at Sanct Leonards have w l full election 
chosit William Smeberd Dekin for yat zer to come 

In ye first for mending of ye banaris viij d 

For ane hamyr & a crown of 

sylver tyll John King minstrol 

to ask na mair for x zeirs to 

come ..... iij cr ij d 

The docth of Sir Williams tolvins & waiking of 
hym y l n* 
Item In ye fyrst for twa wax 

prekatts & a challis of wax . vj d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 73 

1521 continued 
Item ye same n 4 for caddill to walk 

hym w* .... xvj d 

For v quarts of ail ... xx d 

To ye wyfe that wond hym . . viij d 

For ye raising of ye throuch* (tomb 

stone) ij d 

For tore 5 to his furcht bringing to 

Sir David Young ... x d 

To ye cheld y* bur ye tores y* n l . xij d 

ye belman for passing through ye 

toun & for making of ye 

graf xvj d 

For ye silvour schandelors . . iiij d 

buring of ye beir ... j d 

ye copy of Wilzam Elphyastoun 

bill xvj d 

ye copy of ye bill at ye tailzors 

gaifing xvj d 

To Sir Roberts q r mass on Sanct 

Loys day .... xvij d 

ye servand .... iiij d 

Thomas Burne to buy hym scheun 

(shoes) ..... xvj d 

Sir Symon Glado for ye mending 

of ane string of ye lamp . . xij d 

Sir Robert for his labors . . xvij d 

Thomas Burne ye servand . . iiij d 

For ane pair of tores wayand xij 

punds ye price of pund xvj d 

Suma ..... xvj mk 
For twa half pund candill to ye 

gilt hers at Zuill . . . xvij d 



74 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1521 continued 

To Sir Robert for his fee . . xx s 
For thre acts for ye ploy of Robin 

Ranald ..... xvij d 

quhen I was in ward for ye stent 

an ward fee . . . . iiij d 

ane bill was made be all ye crafts 

anont ye stent o r pairt was . iiij d 

Thomas Burne furcht bringing 

To ye quoir ..... xl d 

ye curat ..... xij d 

Sir David Rynik & Sir John 

Kers iiij d 

For breid & wyn to ye altar for all 

ye zer ..... iiij s 
twa lib candillis at pach . . vij d 

ane cord of somonts . . . xij d 

To Sir Robert for his fee . . xx s 
John Loksmyt for ane key . . viij d 

1522 

The fourth day of May the zer of God j m v c & 
xxij zers ye craft weill gadderit at Sanct Leonards 
hill Weill & riply avisit w l full election chosit 
Andro Hume kirkmaistor & Dekin for y l zer to 
come 

[Disbursements for Sanct Loys day and Corpus 
Xpi day much the same as before] 

1523 

The third day of May in ye zer of God j m v c 
xxiij zer ye masters weill gadderit to God at Sanct 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 75 

152 3 continued 

Leonards Hill chosit William Ra Dekin & Kirk- 
maistor for yat zer to come 

[Disbursements on Corpus Xpi day & Sanct 
Loys day same as usual, other items noted] 

To yame yat kepit ye tolbuitht & 

for ane fyre .... xvj d 

For half ane ell of clat to be ane 

pok to ye challis . . . viij d 

ye washing of ye altar clat s . xviij d 

ye expensis on Sanct Loys mass 

mair yan ye offerand . . vj s vj d 

ane mass buk .... xxij d 

1524 

The third day of May ye zer of God j m v c xxiiij 
zers ye maisteris weill gadderit at Sanct Leonards hill 
chosit Patrick Scot, saidlar Deken and kirkmaister 
for yat zer to cum 

[Disbursements on festival days as usual, other 
items noted] 

To them that procurit in ye kirk on 

Sanct Loys day ane pynt of 

wyne ..... xiij d 

At ye entrance of ye King to ye 

menstrall .... viij d 

ye kings entrance to yame yat bur 

ye standarts .... xxxij d 

For ane quart of aill and a laif & 

to ye boy y l bur ye aill . . xij d 

To ye boy yat playit on ye swas (drum) viij d 



76 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 524 continued 

For mending of ij schofapilts . . ij d 

On Sanct Loys day to ye quoir . iiij s 
For bellis and orgains . . . iiij s 
To ye boyis of ye quoir . . . iiij d 

Sir Johne for his labors . . xviij d 

ye boy yat kepit ye altar & 

skouring of ye schandellis . viij d 

ye quoir for saule mass and dirge viij s viij d 
For breid & wyne to ye trontall . vj d 

To ye bellman for passing through 

ye toun .... iiij d 

For pakthreid .... ij d 

twa white candill . . . viij d 

thre candill on Sanct Loys day 

wayand ilk candill ane pund 

& ane half .... xvij d 

four half pund candilles to saule 

mass & dirge . . . viij d 

To ye servand for his fee . . v s 

Sir Johne for his fee . . . xx s 
David Pomerues for gangin thro 

ye toun .... xij d 

ye wyfe of ye tolbuitht . . ij s 

For oil ..... xij s vj d 

washing of o r ladys courtings & 

Sanct Lues .... viij d 

mending of ye twa auld abbis of 

ye best stand . . . xvj d 

ye mending & putting on of ye 

armes upon ye frontall vestment xviij d 

ye mending of ye litil silor & putting 

of ane mollor . . . iiij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 77 

1 524 continued 

For mending of drapery & courtings 

about ye silor heid & for 

cords to yame ... ij s 

ye making of ye auld walx in twa 

half pund candillis agains 

zuill ..... viij d 

thre rowis of walx wayand half 

ane pund .... iij s vj d 
suprexpas (superextras) of Sanct 

Louts mass .... x s 

Given to Hachom Wallis for a man 

and ane hors y l tyme my Lord 

Arran maid ye raid upon ye 

thefis ..... xxij s vj d 
For ye making of ane Crais to ye 

sillor wests .... vij s 
To ye wyf for washing of ye clathis 

in ye zer .... iiij s ix d 
ye servand fee .... v s 

Sir Johne for his fee . . . xx s 

1525 

Andro Kachkrin 

The xj day of May A xxv zer Ye maisters 
gadderit & weill avisit on Sanct Leonards hill has 
chosin Andro Kachkrin Dekin for yis zer to come and 
has chosin certain maisteris till gang & defend ye 
said Dekin for guid ruwill (rule) oft ye tenor of ye 
ayks containt in yir saiding, ye quhilk to do yerof 
haf given y r ay* y r apon & ye said Dekin deleverit 
ye sovm of iij lib viij s in of payment 



78 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

152 5 continued 

William Smeberd James Darrocht 

Alex r Thomson Johne Huntar 

Johne Huntar Johne Frog 

James Johnstoun Willom Johnstoun 

On corpus xpi day for pak threid . iiij d 

To maik ane litil buk in papyr . viij d 

ye men yat boure ye banare on 

corpus xpi day and ye octave 

day ..... viij d 

ye twa warlots .... xvj d 

On corpus xpi day & ye octave 

day ane quart of wyne & twa 

mayn breid .... xxxij d 

In aill ye twa day is iij quarters . xviij d 

To yame yat bur ye geir ye ij dayis 

ane percher of aill ... ij d 

ye boyis of playit on ye bovune . xx d 

For ane new bovun (bagpipe) . . x s 

To yame yat bur breid & wyne . xvj d 

For mending of ye mort clait . viij d 

Deleverit of Sanct Loys day to ye 

quoir ..... iiij s 
bellis organs & sens . . . iiij s 
For washing of o r laydis cortaings 

& Sanct Luciss . . . xvj d 

mending of ye worsat cortaings . xij d 

mending of ye candillstick fut . xij d 

ye boyis of ye quoir . . . iiij d 

Sir John for his labor . . . xviij d 

To ye quoir for saule mass & Dirge xiij s viij d 
For eking of ye trontall . . . vij s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 79 

1 5 25 continued 

For breid & wyne to ye trontall . vj d 

To ye bell man fr passing throw ye 

toun ..... iiij d 

ye gret bell for saule mass & dirge ij s 

For pakthreid to ye altar . . iij d 

twa white candill . . . viij d 

for thre gret candill on ye altar 

wayand ane pund and ane half 

ilk candill hale . . . xviij 5 
four candillis to ye gret torch heid iiij s 
twa new torchis wayand ix Ib 

wetcht ..... x s vj d 

iiij half pund candills to Saule 

mass & dirge . . . viij d 

To ye wyf of ye Tolbutht . . xij d 

David Porwes for acks and sess- 

ing of William Wrichtis annuell 

and to ye baillie for his trouble vj s viij d 
For ye writting of ye lettis of ye said 

annuell ..... xiij s 
To Sir John for his fee . . . xx s 
ye servand for his fee . . . v s 

For oil in ye zer x pynts . . xiij s iiij d 

[The disbursements in the last quarter of this year 
are lacking, as also the notice of the election of the 
deacon for the coming year, who, it appears, was 
William Smeberd] 

1526 

William Smeberd Dekin 

[Expensis on the festival days as usual, other items 
noted] 



8o THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 5 26 continued 

For ane papur buk . . . viij d 

Deleverit to ye Wageors at ye gang- 
ing furth of ye toun . . iij llb 

To ye wageors at y r coming hame . xlv 8 

James Meldrum for ane supplica- 
tion of ye Kings . . . xij d 

For ye copy of ane bill of Johnn 

Fular ..... viij d 

To Maist r James Carmovre for his 

proclamation .... xiij s 

For twa abbes of lening claith . . xxiiij d 

ye sewing of yame . . viij d 

mending of ye lamp . . . xij d 

mending & lyning of ye red stoll xxij d 

washing of ye new abbis & o r 

ladis curtings . . . xvj d 

sexteen choppins of oil . . x s iiij d 

Deleverit to Robert Monypenny for 

ane rod to ye silor . . . iiij d 

For ye making of twa new cappis of 
tryn to ye torchis to Andro 
Kachkrin .... xii d 

1527 

William Ray Dekin 

The viij day of May ye zer of God v c xxvij zers 
the maisteris weill gadderit & avisit on Sanct 
Leonards hill and yer has chosen ye said William 
Ray, Dekin for yat zer 

The keys of ye box Thomas Craufurd, William 
Smeberd, Alex r Thomson. 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 81 

152 7 continued 

[Nothing noteworthy occurs in the accounts except 
the following curious entry] 

For ye obidente lousing of Sanct 

Eloy fra Schanchand . . xlij cr viij d 

1528 

Thomas Craufurd Deikin 

The third day of May ye zer of Godd xxviij zers 
ye maistris gadderit & avisit & yair hes chossin ye 
said Thomas, Deikin for y l zer instant 

The keys of ye box William Smeberd, Johne 
Frog, James Johnstoun 

The keys of ye new box ye Deikin Thomas 
Craufurd & ye preyst 

[It is only in this year that we get the name of 
the chaplin or priest and it occurs in the receipts 
noted at the time of the above election] 

Ressauit be Sir Johne Smy' o r 

chaplane .... iij hb 

Expensis on Sanct Eloys day 

For ane trontall mass . . . xv s 

breid & wyne to it . . . vj d 

ye schowring of ye chandallors 

and kepping of ye altar . , viij d 

To Sir John for his labors . . xviij d 

For ye procesanonis maid in Sanct 

Antonis He afore ye toun . viij d 

making of auld wax agains candle- 
mass iij new candillis . . xvj d 

ane bruct of silver to ye caip . xxv 8 

F 



82 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1529 

Johne Huntur Deikin 
Anno Dom cio V c xxix zers 

[No mention is found in the records where this 
individual was elected, but the accounts are all given 
for the four quarters as usual, and show that the 
expensis of the festival days were divided with 
another craft, viz. : the Wrights and Masons] 

On corpus xpi day to ye thrie 

schainters for o r pairt . . xvj d 

To ye disjuin on Corpus xpi day 

for o r pairt .... xj d 

For o r pairt to ane Franch cheld yat 

playit on ye swas . . . xvj d 

To Nore & his man for o r pairt ye 

twa dayis .... xij s vj d 
Deleverit toSandoDyat yem s qumand x s 

On corpus xpi day & ye octave day 

for wyne & breid for o r pairt . viij d 

For aill & breid for o r pairt . . ix d 

To ye men yat bure ye standarts . ij s 

By lawinge amongst ye said 

men ..... xxj d 

For o r pairt of ye minstralls labors 

& ye taborner . . . ij s ij d 

To o r twa men y l bure ye banners 

baith ye dayis . . . iiij s 
ye bois y l bure ye aill & wyne to 

o r pairt ..... xij d 

For dalimo hostag to ye mortclait 

& mending of it . , vj s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 83 

i 5 29 continued 

For ye paynting of ye banare staves 

against corpus xpi day , , ij s 

Given to ye massonis for y r labors of 

Sanct Nycollos windo is . , xl cr 
to ye pynor for bering of ye glas 

to Thomas Watsons hous . iiij d 

to Thomas Watson for new glas 

& his travul & labors . . vj lib x s 
For making of ye iron wark to ye 

windo ..... xj s viij d 
spargening of ye ille & for water 

to it ij dayis .... iij d 

To Johne Smy 1 for mending of ye 

chandelsteiks .... iiij d 

Given at ye maisteres qumand to W m 

Smeberd .... xx s 
For ane new Swas coft fra W m 

Smeberd .... xiiij 3 
xvij choppins of oil . . . xij s 
Deleverit for washing of o r ladis 

curthis & Sanct Loys . . viij d 

For washing of ye claiths of ye altar 

in ye zeir .... viij s 
Given at ye maisteris qumand for ane 

act for ruleing of ye craft . ij s iiij d 

Deleverit to Walter servand to ye 

accomptis .... x s 

1530 

Johnne Smy* Deikin anno dom j m V c xxx zers 
Ressait ane offerand on Sanct Elois 



84 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 5 30 continued 
day be Will" 1 Scot & his 
morrer ..... xxxj s vj d 
Ressait fra James Dorverk of his 
renmant of his annuell yat Sanct 
Eloy hauds .... xxiiij 8 vj d 

Expensis maid in ye frist quarter & second 

Imprimus deleverit to Norre to o r pairt 

on Corpus xpi day x s 

deleverit to ye boy yat play it on ye 

trim pit for o r pairt . . . iij s vj d 
For graithing & dichting of ye 

harness to o r p l . . . iij s 
expendit on Corpus xpi day & 

ye octave day in breid & aill 

to o r pairt .... xviij d 

Wyne baith ye dayis to o r pairt . ij s iiij d 

By lawings to ye men yat bure ye 

banares . ij s 

To yame yat bare ye banares baith 

ye dayis o r p l . . . iiij s 

hym y 4 playit apoun ye swas for 

his labors .... xvj d 

For paynting of ye coit & putting 

on of o r armis to William Smy' xvj d 

To yame yat bure ye banares in aill 

ye octave day . . . ij s 

ye boy yat bure ye aill & breid 

baith ye dayis . . . xij d 

For mending of ye banares & silk 

to yame .... xvj d 

To Sir John for ye rest of his fee . xx s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 85 

153 o continued 

Expensis on Sanct Elois day 

For pakthreid to ye altar . . iij d 

gras to ye altar .... ij d 

washing of o r ladies curchis & 

Sanct Loys .... xij d 

skouring of ye chandellor & kep- 

ping of ye altar . . . viij d 

To Sir John for his labors . . xvij d 

For iij half pund candillis to ye altar xij d 

twa new rows to ye altar of wax . ij s viij d 

ij torchis wayand ix pund wecht . x s vj d 

Watto for his fee ... x s 

ane trontall of masses , , xv s 

breid & wyne to it . . vj d 

ye day of ye quarter comptis to ye 

man of ye Tolbuithe . . xij d 

Suma totalis is . v lib viij s v d 
For ye washing of o r laidis curchis 

& Sanct Lucss againe pasch . xij d 

washing of ye claithis of ye altar 

in ye zeir , viij s 

breid & wyne to ye altar in ye zeir v s 

twa new wax candellis wayand ij 

pund or y r by . . . . vj s viij d 

ye mending of ye best frontall and 

ye best vestment & for silk 

to it ij s iiij d 

Deleverit to Gilbert Anderson for ane 

thro 1 (tombstone) to Sanct Eloy xxx s 
For fyf-ellis of green carsay to be 

livaros to ye boy y l playis on 



86 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 5 30 continued 

ye Swas and to ye officer price 

of ye ell v s iiij d suma . . xxvj s viij d 
For ye paynting of ye swas to Alex r 

Chalind .... viij d 

putting on of ye houd of ye swas 

and grai thing of it to Jakis for 

his labors & for cordis & taggis 

to it iij s vj d 

ane lott of summonds raising 

against yame yat will not pay 

in to ye justicary at sundrie 

tymis ..... ij s 

ane skyn to be ane cover to ye buk xvj d 

ane sacrum bell wayand iiij pund 

wecht & for hinging of it . x s vj d 

1531 
William Smeberd Dekin ye zeir of God J m V c xxxj 

Zers 

Ressavit of offerand ond Sanct Elois 

day & in ye porce . . . xvij d 

of ye Kings offerand be Johnne 

Sparte ..... xix s 

Grandit be Johnne Sparte & his 
marror ond Sanct Elois day in 
offerand .... iij lib viij s 

Given be ye Kings grace of his offer- 
and to Sanct Eloy . . . xiiij 5 

[Expensis on festival days as usual, other items noted] 
Given for ane lett of summonds & 

for ye executery of it . . ij s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 87 

1531 continued 

Given for actts in justicary & to mak 

procuratores .... xx d 

for ane bill of complaint apon 

Thomas Schort . . . xij d 

for ye comperint afor ye toun 

about Thomas Schort . . xij d 

for twa arrestments . . . viij d 

Deleverit for ye kings signator apon 

yr raising of ye upset . . v s 

For ye raising of the actts of parlia- 
ment ..... xij d 

for ane bill for ye common weile . viij d 

ye deleverant apoun ye Kings 

letters afor ye toun . . iiij d 

Given to ye officer till chairg Quntin 

Wauchop afor ye bailies . . xij d 

Deleverit to Johne Tuler for ye writ- 
ing of ye list of ye toun of o r 
upset . . . . . xiiij 5 

for twa skynis for ye swas . . vj d 

to Jakis for hiding of o r swas . ij s 

1532 

William Smeberd Deikin ye zer of God J m V c 
xxxij zeirs 

Ressavit in complete payment of 

William Barklay of his upset 

becaus he was not ane prentice 

with ye freeman . . . v hb 
To ye man y l playit on ye almonry 

quhossall (whistle) . . . ij cr 



88 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

153 2 continued 

To ye boy y l playit on ye swas baith 

ye dayis .... xviij d 

Given to Partrik Linlithgou for pound- 
ing of ye cers . . . iiij d 

for xv ellis of Lynyin claiths to be 

ane abb & ornamtots to ye altar xviij 8 

For ane new lectern to ye altar . iij cr 

ye making of ye abbis & ormts . iiij s 

ye mending of ye bell & ane 

bouk to Watti . . . xvij d 

making of ye auld wax & ye 

new wax for ane q r . . xviij d 

Given to Sir John for his zeirs fee . iiij hb 

To ye servand Watti for his zeirs 

fee ..... xx s 

For making of v emots & drink- 
silver & for ye making . . ij s 

Given to Johnne Smy 1 for mending 

of ye lamp .... ij s 

For pakthreid to ye altar . . ij d 

twa gret quhit candill to ye altar . viij d 

Given to ye quoir for saul mass 

& dirge ..... xiij s iiij d 

ringing of ye gret bell . . ij s 

eiking of ye trontall of masses . vij s 

breid & wyne to it . . . vj d 

To ye bellman passing through ye 

toun ..... iiij d 

For thre half pund candills to Sanct 

Loys day .... xiij s vj d 

iiij torchis to ye altar wayand xx 

pund ..... xxij cr x d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 89 

153 2 continued 

For iiij quarter pund candills to saule 

mass & dirge .... vij s 
washing of Sanct Lucss curthos 

& o r ladis against Sanct Elois 

day xij d 

eikin of Sanct Lucss mass by ye 

offerant quhilk was gotten & 

producit xiij s iiij d & payit 

mair ..... xviij 8 x d 

mending of ye emot of green velvet 

& sewing of ye stands to ye 

brodstir .... xij d 

mending & putting of new fastens 

to ye lenten grait curtain . xvj d 

stiffining & washing of Sanct 

Lucss curchos & o r ladis agains 

pasch ..... xij d 

washing of ye altar claiths in ye 

zer to ye wff of ye wabster of 

Lecht ..... viij s 
eikin of ye ix lib y* was tain furth 

of ye box till mak xij punds . iij lib 

1533 

Johne Frog chossin ye v day of May ye zer of 
God J m V c xxx and thre zeirs 

Imprimis deleverit agains corpus xpi 

day for pantying of o r banare 

speirs to Archibald Roulo . xxxij d 

Given to Alen Ros for mending of 

ye banars .... ij s 



90 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

153 3 continued 

Given to Sir Johne for ane act anent 

Henry Lorymors servand . iiij d 

To o r pairt of ye wyne on corpus xpi 

day & ye octave day . . xviij d 

o r pairt in mayne breid baith ye 

dayis ..... iiij d 

Jakis & Johne Lycbotor men- 

strallis & other men y l playit 

apon ye swas till o r pairt . xv s vj d 

For three massis saing at ye altor or 

ye maisteris gadderit . . ij s 

Given to James Crawfurd to buy 

hym ane payr of hois . . v s 

to yame yat was gaddering Sir 

Johne waigis .... xvj^ 

For ye making of five brasin armis 

to put apon ye trowchis (tomb- 
stones) ..... xiiij 8 
Given for sax punds of leid to put on 

ye brasin armis with . . ij s 

to ye Dene of Gyld for ye layin 

of twa trowchis ... xl c 

to James Blak for ye same trowchis xxxvj 8 
for twa rows of wax & ye tain 

of yame was stollin . . iij s 

, for oil xii s 



The xvj day of June ye zer of God J m V c xxxiij 



zers 



The quhilk day Johnne Frog Deikin w 4 ye avise 
of all ye laif of ye maisteris for ye maist pairt 
anonent ye plea movit betwixt Andro Lorymur and 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 91 

1 5 3 3 continued 

Henry Lorymur his fader and William Croftis 
servand to ye said Andro, ye quhilk ye maisteris 
has judiget baith yar plaints and has ordainet ye 
said William Croftis because he haf sundry faltis, 
and yat he has feit hym with other masteris syndry 
& diffrent tymes bygain quhilk is agains guid rule 
of o r occupation and loyal statutis given to us be o r 
sovereign Lord & ye guid toun, yat he sail and 
apoun Sunday nxt to come and yar at ye tyme of 
ye mass sail offer ane half pund candill he has 
boucht, and y l afor to ye Deikin & ye laif of ye 
maisteris sail ask yair forgiveness for ye feeing of 
hym v/ twa masteris and yat he and all others feit- 
men & prentices within o r said occupation and 
freedom of this burght, and ony in it sail happen to 
be fundit yat yay comit suchlyke crimes as is fore- 
said yat he of his propar confession sail be banest 
and all others foresaid ye said freedom suchlyke as 
he hes of o r occupation & craft Ye quhilk ye said 
Deikin and Maisteris statute & ordains as is 
foresaid 

1534 

William Ray Deikin ye zer of God J m V c xxxiiij 
zers 

[Disbursements on festival days same as usual 
except the following items] 

Given at ye masteris qumand to ane 

chaplane till say mass at ye altar 

quhill Lamoss ix s iiij d 

Deleverit at ye maisteris qumand 

anont ye prosecuting of Robert 



92 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 5 34 continued 

Monypenny afor ye provest & 

baillies, acts & arrestments . iiij s 
Given at ye maisteris qumand for 

ane act anent ye gairding of ye 

Sancts proffit & ye prepare- 

ment and registering y r of in 

ye touns buks ... ij s 

for ane new cord of twa fathoms 

to ye cords of ye bell string . iiij d 

to David Meill for mending of ye 

banares . . . . . ij s 

to Sir Johnne Gyler for clenging of 

ye tabernakills & other broddis 

of ye altar .... xv s 
to yame yat spargeonis ye kirk & 

drinksilver .... xij d 

in drinksilver to yame yat beir ye 

Hers to ye Kirk of Feld & 

hame again quhilk it was graithit 

& dicht viij d 

,, to Norro for mending & heidding 

of ye swas & cording it . vj s viij d 

for lynying & bukram to lyne 

ye lentian vestment & for 

warkmanship vj s 

to Johnn Smy* for ye mending of 

molar (moulding) of ye brassin 

Hers ...'.. ij s 



The second day of August Anno Dom J m V c xxxiiij 
zers 

The quhilk day Robert Monypenny compeared in 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 93 

i 5 34 continued 

prescence of ye Deikin and haill occupation in ye 
Tolbuitht of Edin r and yair has of his awin proper 
confession submitit to ye Kings writtings and acts 
of ye occupation suchlyke ye craftts has, And all 
others brodderis be dischairgit till intromit w l ane 
other occupation w l , bot it ya 1 he was prenticed to 

1535 

James Jonstone Deikin in Anno Dom j m v c xxx 
quinto 

[Festival days are as usual except the following 
items] 

Imprimis To yame yat procurit to 

Sanct Eloys licht in wyne . xvj d 

For twa greit taucht candill agains 

Sanct Eloys day . . . viij d 

washing of o r ladiis curchos and 

Sanct Lues .... xij d 

Given to Sir Johnne for his labors . xviij d 

to ye quoir for saule mass & dirge xiij s iiij d 
for ye greit bell to ryng saule mass 

& dirge .... ij s 

To ye trontall of masses . . . xv s 
For breid & wyne to it . . . vj 

Given to ye bellman for passing 

through ye toun . . . iiij d 

For skouring of ye Hers against 

Sanct Loys day . . . viij d 

Given to ye boys y l bur ye torchis 

to ye quoir .... iij d 

For prenis (pins) .... j d 



94 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

153 5 continued 
To yame yat procurit on Sanct Eloys 

day a candill .... j d 

Given to fure men y l passit to ye 

muir at ye provosts comand till 

cast doun ye falds & bringing 

in of ane .... xxxij d 

Given to ye officer to put Thomas 

Hvme in waird for inobedience viij d 

for acts & other instruments tane be- 

twix us & ye men of Canongait ij s 

for mending & sewing of twa abbis & 

for ye making of ane hand towell xij d 

for ane monytor to gand in ye 

Saunts geir with aill . . ij s 

For ye making of ane new faw(?) afor 

ye altar in ye kirk . . . vj hb 
Given to Watte and to ye masons y l 

made ye holis in ye pillar . viij s 
to ye wyf of ye Wabster of Leicht 

for ye washing of ye altar 

claithis in ye zeir . . . viij s 
for oil to ye altar extending to xv 

choppins .... viij s ix d 
to Sir John for his burd (board) 

yis q r of Beltane instant . . iiij lib 

1536 

James Johnstoun Deikin in anno dom j m v c xxxvj 
zers 

This is my ressait in ye first quarter comptis 

Imprimis Ressait frae ye walkor of ye 

Castlehill of whitsunday annuell xv s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 95 

I 536 continued 

Ressait of Whitsunday annuell of 
Will m Wrethis land in Niddris 
Wynd . . . . . ij merks 

of Huthesonis land in Grayis Clois vj s viij d 

of John Grams annuell of Whit- 
sunday. .... vj s viij d 

q r compt 8 in ye Tolbuith & about 

ye craft fra yame . . . xxxij d 

fra Gavin Frog & Thomas Porvis 
saidlors in pairt of payment of 
y r upset, ilk ane of yame xl s . iiij llb 

Suma . xj llb xij s 

This is my deleverant of ye first quarter 

Imprimis Given to Crauford at ye m s 

qumand to buy hym ane coit . vj cr 

Given to Crauford for his q r fee . v cr 

Expensis maid apon Corpus expi day 

Imprimis Given to Jakis minstrall to 

play afor ye craft baitht ye dayis xv s vj d 

In Wyne baith ye dayis iiij pynts . ij s viij d 

Mayne breid .... viij d 

aill baith ye dayis . . . ij s 

Given to ye men y l bure ye baners 

on ye octave day . . , ij s viij d 

to ye men y l bure ye standards 

baith ye dayis . . . viij d 

to ye cheild y* bure ye breid & 

wyne ..... viij d 

to ye twa knapis & for graithing 

of ye harness to ye bellman . vj s 



96 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

153 6 continued 

Given to hym y l playit apon o r swas 

baith ye dais .... ij s 

to ye minstralls on corpus xpi day 

& ye octave day . . . ij s 

apon Sanct Elois day in expenssis 

to ye Chaplane for his trovall 

& breid & wyne . . . xviij d 

for ane new row of walx . . xviij d 

Suma deleverant . lv cr 

The vj day of August ye zeir of God j m v c xxxvj 
zeirs the quhilk day ye mast 5 weill gadderit & 
advisit in Tolbuith of Edin r & has ressauit full 
compt & rekning of James Johnstone Deikin of 
ye said q r compts & so rests he awand to ye craft 
ye some of viij lib xvj s 

Given at ye maisteris qumand to 

Henry Lorymor for execution 

of ye Kings lettres at ye instant 

of Adam Ford . . . xj s vij d 
for silk & warkmanschip of ye 

doun welmos stanit . . ij s 

for mending of ye twa auld abbis 

to ane sewer .... viij d 

for ane row of walx . . . xvj d 

to ye masonis in drinksilver for ye 

ordering of o r throuchis . . iiij d 

to ye officres to order & charge 

Alex r Smy 1 at ye M r qumand in 

waird for his jtemptioun . . ij s 

at ye m s qumand to Craufard 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 97 

153 6 continued 

sicklyke as other deikins has 

given for ane guid rewell (rule) ij s 

Given for peirsing of ye sacrand bell 

ye tong to it & for peirsing of 

ye same .... xij d 

to Sir Johnne for lammas & 

allhallows q rs . . . . xl s 

for ye silver chandollirs to ye 

Saule mass & dirge . . . iiij d 

at ye maisteris qumand to ye 

Gray Frars .... xx s 

to ane goldsmy 1 for pullin furth ye 

clours furth of ye crowetts and 

graithing of yame . . . xviij d 

for washing & stiffing of o r ladies 

curchos & Sanct Lues agains 

pasch ..... xij d 

for ye making of ane keper & 

birrer to ye crowitts with twa 

batts to beir yame ... ij s 

for four new bandis to ye desk 

togidder with an clasp . . iiij s 

in expensis maid apon lauboring 

of ye morn g mass & other 

general conventiouns to ye 

decrees of ye toun . . . xx s 

at ye maisteris qumand for ye 

expensis made ye tyme ye 

cheld maid ye justing in ye 

barras ..... xxxv cr 
at ye maisteris qumand for ye stent 

to ye toun .... xxiiij lib 
G 



98 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

153 6 continued 
Given And w Mabogevin together at 

ye m s qumand for o r pairt of ij 

standards making . . . ix llb v cr 
in ye zeir for walx to ye altar (viz) 

Sanct Elois day thre gret 

candill wayand vij half punds 

wecht fure new torchis wayand 

xx pund wecht togidder w l ye 

making of auld wax agains 

Yuill & pasch & by other ex- 

pensis extending to ye somme . iiij hb vj s viij d 
for ye making of ane instrument 

betwix us and ye patrouns y l 

said pait ye standards to o r pairt xij d 

1537 

The xiij day of May ye zeir of God j m v c xxxvij 
zeirs ye quhilk day ye maisteris weill gadderit & 
advisit in ye Earl of Morras zaird has tain full 
compt, rakning, & payment of James Johnstoun 
Deikin of all his zeirs compts, & so rest ye craft 
awand to ye Deikin togidder with ye annuellis y* 
Andro Muncur & Johne Sparty is awand & 
Johne Sparty ij zeirs annuell & dischargis ye said 
James for now & ever of ye Sancts geir 

The ij day of May ye zer of God j m v c xxx and 
sevin zeirs the maisteris weill gadderit apon Sanct 
Leonards hill has chosin be all yair electiouns James 
Johnstoun for y* zeir instant 

Imprimis Given to ye chaplane y l 

keipit ye Erl of Morras yaird . vij s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 99 

153 7 continued 

Given to Jakis & ye other twa 

franchmen for y r traboll & 

laubors baith ye dayis suma 

xliiij cr o r pairt .... xxij cr 
to ane other franchman y* playit 

apon ye trimpit ... v cr 

for twa quarts of aill to ye proces- 
sion x d o r pairt ... v d 
to ye minstrallis denners (dinners) 

baith ye dayis vj cr to o r pairt . iij cr 

paynting of ye speirs iij cr to o r pairt xviij d 

for ane new box to gadder ye q r 

comptes & preists mony & 

other dewties .... vj s viij d 

for ane bill to call ye cheld y l 

wro 1 in ye Blaik Frars & for 

ye acts ..... xvj d 

for walx in ye zeir to ye altar at 

Sanct Eloyis day & changing 

auld walx into new candillis 

with fure new torchis . . iij lib vj s viij d 
at ye maisteris qumand for Johnne 

Fragnsonis erding & expensis 

maid apon his fur 1 bringing . viij s viij d 

at ye masteris qumand for ye new 

stent to ye toun . . . vij lib 
to ye Gray Frars at ye masteris 

qumand as other craftis dois . xx s 

to ye servand Craufurd officer to 

ye toun for his labors baith the 

yeirs . . . . ' viij cr 



ioo THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



1538 

The third day of May ye zer of God j m v c thirtty 
and aucht zeirs ye maisteris gadderit & advisit 
apon Sanct Leonards hill has chossin William 
Smeberd Deikin for y* instant 



ra- 



Given for mending of ye Swas (Drum) ij c 

for sewing & mending of ye 

baners to Alan Ross . . ij cr 

for mending of o r auld bannris iij cr 

& iiij d o r pairt . . . xxj d 

for paynting of ye fure speirs y l 

barre ye bannris iiij s or pairt . ij s 

to ye iiij men y t was in harnes 

apon ye Tolbucht heid in drink- 
silver iiij cr to o r pairt . . ij cr 
to ye men y l was in harness & 

for graithing of it . . . ij s viij d 

for ye making of ane new key & 

ane ryng to ye almonry of ye 

breid & wyne . . . xij d 

at ye maisteris qumand for seissing 

& seiking of Welchis wark to 

thre officers . . . xij d 

to Thomas Arnot & Huchen 

Wallace at ye masteris qumand 

for ye arrestment maid upon 

William Gyrulau in ye gret 

disobedience & injury done be 

hym agains ye chaplane & ye 

craft . .... viif 

to Sir Johnn for his fee . . iiij lib 






THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 101 

153 8 continued 
Deleverit at ye m ts qumand for ye 

stent ix lib 

for ane trowchis y 1 wir coft afor 

quhilk ye said Johnne Poir- 

haud & was coft again fra 

ye said Johnne to ye weill of 

ye Sanct & craft . . . xxx s 
to Sir John for his morning masses 

suchlyke as ye laif of ye craftis 

chaplanes has and as Sir James 

Moffit has .... ij merks 
to twa officers for gaddering of ye 

Sanct geir .... ij cr 

to Sir Johnne for his zeirs burd . xij s 

[Disbursements for festival days as usual] 

1539 

William Scot, Deikin of ye Hamermen The zeii 
of God ane thousand fife hundreth xxxix zeirs 

Ressavit frae ye Wauker of Castle- 
hill in witsunday & martimas in 
complete payment of his annuell 
in ye zeir .... xxx cr 

fra Andro Muncurris wif for whit- 

sunday annuell . . . xiij s iiij d 

fra Robert Hucheson in compleit 
payment of whitsunday & 
martimas annuells . . . xiij cr iiij d 

fra ye baxtor of William Writhis 

annuell iiij mers 

in offerand on Sanct Lucis day 



102 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



153 9 continued 
be Robert Ranald & Johne 
Maxton .... xxxvj' 

Given in offerand on Sanct Lucis day xj ci 

, fra Johnne Thorburn for ye renew- 
ing of Andro Mancur annuell 
afor ye term of martimas . xx hb 

Deleverit to me be ye maisteris furth 

of ye box .... xiiij hb 

Ressavit fra Johnne Wat, Smy* in 

pairt of payment of his upset . v s 



Disbursement throughout ye zeir 

For mending of ye bannris v s o r pairt ij s vj d 

Given for ij quartis of wyne baith ye 

dayis three shillings & iiij d to 

o r pairt .... xx d 

in aill baith ye dayis to ye pro- 
cessions xvj d to o r pairt . . viij d 
For breid baith ye dayis viij d to o r 

pairt ..... iiij d 

Given to ye minstrallis on corpus 

day and ye octave days for 

yair fees and other expensis 

xxv cr & iiij d to o r pairt . . xij s vij d 

to Craufurd to gang to Sanct 

Androis at ye maisteris qumand iiij s 

for ye heiding & mending of ye 

squach .... v cr iiij d 

at ye m ts qumand to put Walter 

beltmaker in ye Tolbucht . xij d 

for ane act maid apon hym in ye 

Tolbucht . . . . iiij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 103 

1539 continued 

Given Sande Craufurds wyf for ane 

trowchis in ye kirk lyand 

besyde Sanct Loyis altar . xl cr 

to Johnne Smyt for three brasin 

armis to put on ye trowchis . ix cr 

to ye masoins to put on ye three 

brasin armis on ye trowchis 

& leid to yame & for his 

trouble .... v cr 

to Ryburn y l day his wif decest 

at ye masteris qumand . . xij d 

to Sir John for his lammas fee & 

burd silvor .... iiij lib 

[Expensis on Sanct Eloys day as usual] 

Given for paring of ye trowchis yt 

tyme ye armis was put on . iiij d 

to ye Den of Gild for ye extracts 

of ij trowchis . . . xiij s iiij d 

Expensis of ye new Mortclaicht 

Imprimis For vij ellis bukkis welvot 

price of ell iiij lib . . . xxviij llb 

Given to ye browdstr for his laubors 

gold & silk . . . xxj lib 

in drinksilver to ye browdstars 
chelders & to ye tailzer P 
yair laubors . . . xxv s 

For writtings ye tyme yt Thomas 
Schort ployit with Sir Johnne 
makyin articulis ... ij s 



104 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

153 9 continued 
Given to Sir Johnne Scot y l day we 

gadderit in ye Tolbuith . . ij s 

For ij actts y l day . . . viij d 

Given to Sir Johne Scot for ane 

instrument, .... vj s viij d 

to Henry Lorimoir for his playing 

on ye squach . . . viij s 

to James Cokkor for ye mending 

of iiij crownis . . . iiij s 

for ye mending of ye lokkis yat 

was brokin in ye kirk . . viij d 

at ye maisteris qumand to ye 

Gray Freris .... xx s 

For walx in ye zeir to ye altar . lxiij cr vj d 
breid & wyne in ye zeir to ye 

altar v s 

ye mornin mass to Sir John . jjMerks 
timor and making of ane caist 

(chest) to ye mortclaicht . x s 

The sax day of August ye zeir of God j ms v c xxxix 
zeirs 

Ye Deikin William Scot and all ye hale m s of 
Hamermen craft w'in Edin r all precently gadderit 
in W m Smeberd bakstair has admittet Johnne Frid- 
dringholm to ye saidill makor craft in all manner of 
wark y 4 he may wark with his ain hands he not 
feeand a servand foir hym 

1540 

The third day of May ye zer of God j m v c xl zeirs 
the quhilk day ye masters weill gadderit & advisit 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 105 

1 5 40 continued 

apon Sanct Leonards hill has chosin with free elec- 
tion William Ray Deikin till indur for ye zeir 

The namis of ye prentess 

Ressavit fra W m Windgaith for ane 

prentes callit Andro Carmvortht xx s 

fra W m Reichrtsone for ane prentes xx s 

fra W m Pawdrain for his prentes . xx s 
fra Thomas Chossing for his prentes 

callit W m Smy' ... xx s 

fra Gylbert Dikson for his prentes xx s 
fra Johnne Carrubbors for his 

prentes .... xx s 

fra Johnne Frog for his prentes . xx s 

fra Fait Gyll for ane prentes . xx s 

fra James Ray for ane prentes . xx s 

Suma prentess . ix hb 

Expensis maid throughout ye haill zer 

Imprimis deleveret to ye quhissillar 

baith ye dayes to o r pairt . x cr 

Given to ye men yat playit on ye 

trimpaitts .... xiiij cr 
to Jakis & his marrois on ye 

octave day oft new at ye m rs 

qumand .... v cr 

to ye officur Craufurd to gadder ye 

craft at ye provests qumand . xvj d 

For meikill canwoss to be ane pok 

to input ye bannris in at ye m is 

qumand .... xvj d 



io6 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 5 40 continued 
Given to ye preist y l said ye mornin 

mass viij dayis of lammos quhen 

Sir Johnne was dischairgit . v cr 

ye tyme y* Sir Johnne was dis- 
chairgit be me, all ye tyme of 

lammos quarter all chairgis to 

sundry & diffrent chaplanes 

to say mass at ye altar y s 

quarter xlvj cr iiij d 

Deleverit at ye masteris qumand in 

all neccessary expensis maid be 

us & ye massons & Wrichtis 

anent ye bogging & impletting 

of xij ruids in ye Park Dyke ilk 

ruid extendand to vij lib Suma 

is iiij xx iiij lib o r pairt extendis 

to aucht ruid suma is . . lvj hb 
Given for ane gand of iron ye tyme 

of ye bogging to ye qurrors . x cr 

for expensis apon Cristofur Wyn- 

tionis trontall on Sanct Valen- 

tyns day .... xxiiij cr iiij d 
for Woddellis graif making . . xij d 

in expensis ye tyme we reid in 

procession quhen ye Duik was 

born & also to yame yat bur 

ye bannris to o r pairt . . xxx d 

to Sir John candilmass & bettan 

quarteris for fees ... x Merks 

to ye Gray Freirs as use is . . xx cr 
for washing of o r laidis curchos & 

Sanct Lucis agans pasch . . viij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 107 



1541-2 

William Smeberd & James Johnstoun Deikins 
The keys of ye box are with George Dalgles 

John Frog & William Pvrnes 

This is ye ressavit, ressavit be us William Smeberd 

& James Johnstoun admittit to ye haill craft in 

default of ane Deikin 

Imprimis Ressavit on Sanct Eloys 

day in offerand in ye kirk . xxxv cr viij d 
in compleit payment of witsunday 

& martimos annuell of John 

Grame lands of Sanct Mary 

Wynd .... xiij cr iiij d 

Ressavit of William Wrethis lands . iiij merks 

of William Schalot annuell on ye 

Castlehill .... xxx cr 
in compleit payment of Huchesons 

annuell in ye auld feche mar- 

kut for ye zeir . . . xiij cr iiij d 
in complet payment of Johnne 

Spartes annuell . . . xiiij cr 
in complete payment of William 

Sheirsmy* land in ye Cowgat in 

ye zer ..... ij merks 

Resting awand of W m Scheirsmy* 

land in Sanct Mary Wynd . v cr 

Ressavit of offerand on Sanct Lues 

mass ..... xiij 
in complete payment of Walter 

Wrechts upset . . . v lib 
do do of Johnne 

Hoppers upset . . . iiij 



:cr 



111J C 



lib 



io8 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1541 -2 continued 
Ressavit fra Johne Maxton for twa 

prentess .... xx s 

fra Johne Murres for ane do xx s 

Mungo Huntar for ane do xx s 

James Nycoll for ane do xx s 

Suma xxiij hb vij s & viij d 

This is ye expensis yat we haf desbursit in generall 
in ye zeir 
Expenses on corpus xpi day to ye 

ij men callit toddis y l playit 

baith ye dais xx cr to o r pairt . x cr 

To Jakis baith ye dais xiiij cr to o r pairt vij cr 
Given to other ij young men quhilk 

war not feit be ye toun of gud 

will xj cr to o r pairt v cr vj d 

To iiij men quhilk buir ye baners 

baith ye dais viij cr to o r pairt . iiij" 
For quarts of wyne in ye processions 

ba l ye dais vj cr viij d to o r pairt . iij cr iiij d 
Given on ye octave day to ye men 

quhilk buir ye baners & drink 

xx d to o r pairt ... x d 

on ye octave day in ye tavern & 

on ye principall day & disionis 

& lawings to ye minstralis viij cr 

to o r pairt , iiij cr 

yat day quhen ye Kings youngest 

son was born to iiij men yat 

buir ye baners in procession 

vj cr to o r pairt . . . iij cr 

For breid in ye processions baith ye 

dais vj d to o r pairt . . . iij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 109 

1541 -2 continued 
Given to Craufurd at ye mas s qumand 
for his leveray agains corpus xpi 
day ..... xxij cr x d 

Expensis on Sanct Eloys day 

Imprimis To yame y* procurit on 

Sanct Elois day . . . xvj d 

For bellis & orgains & sens . . iiij cr iiij d 
Given to ye bois of ye quoir . . viij d 

on Sanct Eloys day for ye singing 

mass to ye quoir , , . iiij cr 
to ye quoir for saule mass & dirge xiij cr iiij d 
Given to ye belman for passing 

throu 1 ye toun . . , iiij d 

to ye boy yat skourit ye hers & 

chandellaris .... viij d 

For washing & styffing of o r laidis 

curches & Sanct Lues against 

Sanct Eloys day . . . xij d 

To Sir Johnne for his laubours agains 

Sanct Elois day , , . xviij d 

For ye masses agains Sanct Elois day xv cr 
twa taucht candill on Sanct Elois 

day ..... viij d 

ye gret bell . . ij cr 

In ye walx in ye zeir to ye altar oft 

ye tenor of ane teket (account) v crowns iij s ix d 
In expensis on Sanct Lues masses . xxx cr iiij d 
For washing of ye altar claithis in ye 

zeir ..... viij cr 
For styffing of Sanct Lues curchis 

& o r laidis agains pasch . . , xij d 



,:cr 



::cr 



i io THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1541 -2 continued 

Given to Craufurd for his zeirs fee . xx cr 
at ye masteris qumand to Johnne 

Lindsay because ye haill deikins 

of Edin r did ye same to o r pairt viij cr 
For breid & wyne in ye zeir to ye 

altar ..... vj ( 
Given at ye mast rs qumand to ane boy 

to tend ye altar . . . iiij* 
to ye man yat kepit ye Tolbuith 

in ye zeir for his laubors . . iiij cr 
to Sir Johnne for his burd & fee xx merks 
ye officers to gadder in ye Sanct 

geir at sundry tymes & for 

othir protestations maid in ye 

Tolbuith .... vj cr 
Henry Lorymor for his laubor & 

other trabell .... viij cr 

1543 

James Johnstoun deikin of ye Hamerymen craft 
in ye zeir of God j m v c xliij zeirs 
Imprimis Expensis on Corpus xpi 

day & ye octave day to ye 

minstrallis and other expenses 

extending to o r pairt & ye 

wrichtis & massons iiij lib xiiij 01 " 

& viij d to o r pairt . . xlvij cr iiij d 

Deleverit at ye maisteris qumand 

ye eiking of xl lib stent to 

Wagerins & furnishing yame 

self x lib 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH in 

1543 continued 

Deleverit to Maist r Andro Brunhill 
for ye new Infefment upon W m 
Wrechis land for chart instru- 
ments of sasine . . . xxiij cr 

Expenses on Sanct Elois day as formerly 
Given for ane trontall of masses for 

ye brother & sisters . . xv cr 
for breid and wyne to it . vj d 

For xv schoppins of oil to ye altar 

price of ye choppin x d suma . xij cr vj d 
Deleverit for viij ellis of canwess to 

lyne ye frontellis with . . xviij 5 
Given for curtain lynyin clait to be 

towellis and abbis . . . xxx cr vij d 
For making & sewing of ye said 

abbis & towellis to ane sewer . xj cr 
Given to ane tailzour to lyne ye said 

frontellis & mending of yame . ix cr 
Deleverit to Craufurd to by hym ane 

pair of hois . . . . vj cr 
For walx in ye zeir to ye altar . lv s vj d 
For mending of twa auld abbis & 

ye chancier vestment . . ij s 

Given for ane belt string of ledder to 

ye bell . . . . xij d 

Deleverit to Walter Pvrues in com- 
plete payment of ye angell 

nobllis y l he put in ye box & 

ye said we have dischargit . xviij cr 

Thomas Schort armerar Deikin chossin ye third 
day of May ye zeir of God J m v c xliij zeirs 



112 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1543 continued 

[His term of office commences with the following 
two minutes] 

The first day of July ye zeir forsaid 

Tweiching ye debait movit be William Frussell, 
saidlar agains James Laing his servand the said 
James Lang has refusit hym to obey ye decreet 
of ye craft anont all ye pairts of ye said W ms bill 
And in jugment, ye said Deikin & maisteris of 
ye said occupation being riply advisi 1 w* ye said bill 
& has jugerit ye writtis, & ye said maisteris be 
examination of witnesses and of ye said James 
Lang ain propar confession, We half and guid efoir 
deleverit in yis manner yat ye said James Lang 
sail in pres c of his maister William Frussell, ye 
Deikin & haill conveened now beand present sit 
doun apon his kneis & grat ye fait & ask 
his maister forgiveness and sail apon Sunday that 
next comis in to Sanct Gellis Kirk ye tyme of ye 
mass and offer to Sanct Elois altar half ane pund 
candill of walx and has obligit hym of his awin propar 
confession yat ond he commit ony suchlyke faltis 
to ony brother of ye said craft yat all ye faltis 
contained in ye bill till be corrikit apon ye said 
James Johannis Smy* scriba et not y 

The said day tweiching ye complaint maid be 
Thomas Schort deikin apon Robert Ranald & 
Johnne Fodderghame for ye ressit of ye said James 
Lang with ye said Johnne. The said Johnne 
insurranded ye value for ye Inobedience done be 
hym insofar & was dischairget be ye said Dekin 
not ye less he granted in pr 5 of ye craft y l 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 113 

i 543 continued 

ye said faltis, referrit hym to ye correction of 
ye haill craft & hym in y r willis The quhilk fait 
we haf judgit & because it is the said Johnne 
first fait we haf dispensit w fc ye principall value 
and has ordainit y l ye said Johnne and apon 
Sunday ye tyme of the mass & bring w l hym 
ane pund candill of walx & offer ye same to 
Sanct Elois altar for his inobedience & in attempt- 
ing to hold sicklyke faltis under ye pain of ye 
values containd in o r said statutes tweiching ye 
injury & causing ye said James Lang to contemen 
ye said Deikin be ye forsaid Robert Ranald, ye 
craft has judgit ye said bill, & frees him now & 
ever quhill ye next conventioun because ye said 
Robert was not put till answer to it 

This is ye expensis maid be me apon ye bettin of 
ye Hous & other expensis 

Imprimis For dichting & clengin 

of ye scheld .... vj cr viiij d 
For ane dusane of rauchtris to claicht 

ye stau with .... xij s 
To ye pynors to bring yame to ye 

schor iiij d 

For sawing of ye rauchtris to ye toun xij d 

To ye sawers to saw ye said rauchtris iij s viij d 
For bringing yame furth of Lecht 

& ane corbell . . . xij d 

Given for ye corbell . . . xviij d 

For four garronis to mend ye stair . xl d 

Deleverit to ye sclaitter for pointing 

of ye hous .... viiij cr 
H 



H4 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

I 543 continued 

For sclaitts to ye hous . . . ix cr 
Deleverit for theiking of ane pairt of 

ye stair yt was not theikit of 

befor vj cr iiij d 

Given to ane wricht for his laubors . xv cr 
to James Dorwik, Smy 1 for viij 

punds and ane half of Iron 

wark to be twa stragas to ane 

bridill to ye hous v cr 

For iiij c door nail and garron nailis 

& for xvj plancho r nailis . . v cr 

The expenss of ye hous vj llb iiij s ij d 

Expenss apon Corpus xpi day 

Imprimis deleverit for ye grai thing 

of o r swas & stikkes to it o r 

pairt v cr 

For paynting of ye speirs iiij cr to o r 

pairt ..... ij cr 

mending of ye baners xxx d to o r 

pairt ..... xv d 

breid & aill apon Corpus xpi day 

xviij d to o r pairt ... ix d 

Wyne xxxij d to o r pairt . . xvj d 

To ye men yat bur ye baners viij" to 

o r pairt ..... iiij cr 
ye knaipis & harness xxxij d to 

o r pairt ..... xvj d 

ye thrie trimpet men in feis xP to 

o r pairt ..... xx cr 
ye man yat playit apon ye almonry 

quhissolis x cr o r pairt . . v cr 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 115 

1 543 continued 
For dichting of ye harness iiij cr to o r 

pairt ..... ij cr 
pins to ye harness viij d to o r pairt iiij d 

making of iiij billis of complaint 

apon yame yat occupyit ye ters 

& others with ye freedom . xxxij d 

iiij acts y* was given be ye toun 

apon ye baillis complant . , xvj d 

ane bill apon ye men of ye west 

port & for iiij arrestments and 

to ye officers & for thrie acts 

apon yame . . , ij cr viij d 

Ressavit fra ye tynklers yat ar stau- 

lyingrs of yair ain free willis y* 

occupis ye weekly merkats . xx cr 
Deleverit to Maist r Andro Blakstok 

at ye maisters qumand . . xxj cr 
to ane man to gang w* ye prouest 

x dais extending ilk day xx d 

suma is . . . . . xvj cr viij d 
Given to Johnne Smy 1 for mending 

of ye chandell . . . xij d 

For ane stent to certain men y l reid 

with ye prouest . . . xvij cr 
To ye trontall of masses . . xv cr 

ye silver chandelers . . . viij d 

For ye haly bluid chandelers . . viij d 

eiking of Sanct Lues mass . . xij cr 
to the tabroner apon Thursday ye 

xvj day of Jan r in ye procession 

w* ye sacrement v cr o r pairt . xxx d 

To twa men yat bur o r baners . ij cr 



u6 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1543 continued 

To Henry Lorymor for his laubors to 

play apon ye swas all yis zeir . x cr 
For ane actt of parchment maid for 

banessing unfreedmen . . viij d 

To Sir Johnne for his fee of Candle- 
mass ..... xx cr 
For walx to ye altar in ye zeir iiij 
gret torchis wayand xxij punds 
price of ye pund xviij d suma . xxxiij cr 
iij gret candell wayand iiij lib . xiij cr vj d 
vij half pund candell to ye Hers . x cr vj d 
twa quarter pund candellis . . xviij d 

ane quarter pund row . . . ix d 

making of auld walx agains zuil . ix d 

[The following memorandum (in the handwriting 
of Provost William Bannatyne) is found at the end 
of this Deikins Accounts, which only cover three- 
fourths of the year : ] 

The said Thomas Schort was crewille slain with 
o r auld Innemeis of Ingland at ye invasion and 
burnying of yis bur h In ye debait of ye samyn quhen 
debaitit lang qu 11 He was slain w* ane young 
franchmand at ye Ned r port (Netherbow port) Ora 
pro animae sue 

1544 

Ye Deikin and maisteris weill gadderit & advisit 
in ye Rude Chapell of Edinburgh. Ressevit ful 
comp' & rakning of William Scot Deikin of ye 
Hamermen craft The said William restis awin to 
ye said craft the sovme of xxviij cr vj d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 117 



1 5 44 continued 

[Interpolated note by Bannatyne] 
Post conbustionem burgi de Ed r ano primo ut patet 

William Scot Dekyne xliiij zeir 

The zeir of God J m V c xliij zeirs, ye iij day of May 
ye maisteris gadderit and advisit has chosing William 
Scot Dekyne for yat instant zeir 

Imprimus ressevit fra Sir Johne Smy 1 viij lib 
Ressevit fra ye wedo wamand (widow 

woman) of hyr maill . . x s 

Ressevit fra Dame Steill of hyr whit- 

sunday maill .... xxxij 5 
fra Adam Heselehop for his zeirs 

comp 1 ..... iiij s 

fra Archebald Setoune for his zeirs 

compt ..... iiij s 

fra Andro Setoune his sone for his 

zeirs comp 1 .... iiij s 

fra Rauff M'dowgall for his zeirs 

comp 1 ..... iiij s 

fra Johne Grhame for his whit- 

sunday annuell 
fra William Chamlat for martimas 

annuell ..... 
fra Andro Wilzoadsone of his whit- 

sunday maill . . . . xxxij 3 
fra William Rechosoune for ane 

prentes ..... xx s 

fra William Chamlat for his whit- 

sunday annuell . . . xv s 

fra yame yat procurit upon Sanct 

Loyis day .... xxj s 



vj s viij d 



xv s 



n8 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

I 544 continued 
Ressevit fra Patrit Smy 1 and William 

Roche for ye makin of ye denirs iij hb 
Ye some of ye resait is w* ye 

quarter compts . . xxvij hb xiij s vj d 
Heir followis ye expensis quhilk William Scot has 
debursit 
Given to Nicolos for ye keping of 

our letters .... xxij s 

to William Wyndezots and John 

Hadnay to mak y r expensis to 

Glasq u to get ye ornyments of 

our altar .... xliij 8 

to ane man of law at syndry tymes 

in ye first quarter . . . iij llbs xviij 8 
William Chapman Notar . . viij s 

in ye tavern in bylawings at syndry 

tymes ..... xiij s 

to Alex r Schort in Leicht for ye 

kepuig of our mortclaith and ye 

mekill bvyk .... xxij s 

to ye minstralis apon ye octave 

day of corpus xpi ... ix s 

for ane act in ye consistory . . ij s 

To Peter Gyll for ye keping of Sir 

Johne at syndrye tymes . . xiij s 

Sir Johne o r chaplane to his wage x s 

Sir James Zoungre for ye keping 

of Sir Johne Smy 1 . . . viij s 

Given to Johne Hadnay & Robert 

Monopenny for ye keping of Sir 

Johne yat day he was come . iiij s iiij d 

to Thomas Belmann & sone for 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 119 

I 5 44 continued 

ye keping of ye ij pryks to ye 

Heirsis iiij d 

Given for pap (paper) and Ink . vij d 

to ane chaplane yat somonyt 

Sir Johne .... iiij d 

to ye pynors .... iiij d 

to ye clerk yat passit about w l ye 

craft xij d 

to Peter Gyll and to another man 

to keip Sir Johne in ye outer 

Tolbuyth .... ij s 

to Peter Gyll at ye crafts camand xij d 

for ane act .... iiij d 

for ane crowat . . . iiij d 

for ane act .... iiij d 

to ye beidmen of ye Magdelyn 

Chapell .... xij d 

to Sir Andro Gray for ye saying 

of ye mornin massis viij days . viij s 
to ye boy yat furnesit ye graitht 

to ye altar .... xviij d 

to Edward Diksoune for ye copy of 

certain writints ye quhilk was 

send to Sanct Andros w* an 

man of law .... iiij s 
,, to ane man of law at syndrie tymes v lib vj s 
to ye Chaplane of ye Rude Chapell xij d 

For ane instrument tayne be James 

Johnstoun in Sir James hand . iiij d 

To Walter Bynyne for ye payntyne 

of ij clakis and ij ymags . . xxxij 3 
Given to Thomas Arnot for ye 



120 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

I 544 continued 

aresting of Sir Johnis clathes 

(clothes) .... viij d 

Given to ye officars for ye gaddering 

and arrestyn of ye stents . . xiiij 5 
for nalis to ye altar . . . xvj d 

to Andro Rechosoune notar . . xvj d 

for ij irene chandalars and payntyn 

ofyame .... iiij s 

to Mungo Hunter for ane lok in 

Neders Wynd . . . iiij s 
for ane lok to ye altar . . xij d 

for ane kea to ye almory of ye 

altar ..... xij d 

For graicht to say mass to ane altar 

ye last of Lammas and to ye 

boy yat curit it ... vj s 

breid and wyne to say mas . . xij d 

walx in ye haylt in my tyme . xxxij 5 
washing of ye clathes and breid 

and wyne to ye altar . . ij s 

To ye governors wyf of ye Tol- 

buycht at ye covening of 

Hallomas , xij d 

Sir Johne Lawsoun for ye saying 

of ye mornin massis . . vj s 

For ye makinof anewyndo inNetheris 

Wynd and ij bands . . iij s 

This is my expensis on Sanct Loys day 

Item To ye quoir . . . . iiij s 

ye belles .... xviij d 

ye sens .... viij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 121 

I 544 continued 

For wyne breid and cords . viij d 

To ye clerks .... iiij d 

For candill and flowers to ye 

altar . . . . . xvj d 

To ye boy yat furnist all ye 

graicht to ye altar on Sanct 

Loyis day .... xij d 

Pait Govuin for furnesyine ye 

graicht to ye altar ye Hallo- 

mos quarter . . . ij s 

Gilbert Hoy for ye makyn 

of ye frontall and frenzeis 

and armys ... x s 

For ij ellis of burgid alex r to be 

ye frontall . . . xij s 

iij ellis of canwess to lyn ye 

frontall and to lay under ye 

towells .... vj s 

ij towellis and ye makyn of 

yame .... viij s 

ij ellis of hardyne to lay under 

ye altar towellis . . . xiij d 

ane quarter of claitht to be 

ane hand to well ... ij d 

To ye wricht for his warkman- 

schip and tymor to ye altar . vj s 

Johnne Maxtoun for ane alb 

and ane chofall . . . iij libs v s 
him for ane challes and a 

crowat .... ix s 

y e govenors wyf of ye Tol- 

buycht . . . ij s 



122 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

i 5 44 continued 

To ane bolt to ye sclateris . xij d 

For ij candill to burn upon Zuill iiij d 

breid and wyne to ye altar . xix d 

To ye closat dyr (door) in 

Neddrys Wynd ane pair of 

bands and ane cruick to it 

and nalis .... xviij d 

1545 

The zeir of God J m v c xlv ye iiij day of May 
Mungo Huntar Loksmy 1 chosyne Dekyne upon 
Sanct Lynards Hill ye day foresaid be consent 
of ye maist part of ye masteris for yat instant 
zere 

Heir followis ye comp* of ye gowyne furtht 
The expensis upon Corpus xpi day and ye octave 
of ye same 
In ye first v ellis oft small canvos to 

be ij new baners xx cr to our part x cr 
For ye payntyn and makyne of yame 

lvj cr to o r part . . . xxviij cr 

twa new speris to beir yame viij cr 

o r part ..... iiij cr 
greyne new bukram to be hays to 

yame iij cr o r part . . . xviij d 

quhen ye baners was rasit fra ye 

paynttars and at ye feeing of 

ye menstrallis x s to o r part . v s 

To ye menstrallis feys xxviij cr to o r 

part ..... xiiij cr 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 123 

1545 continued 
For ye expensis bayth ye dayis and 

wyne on ye octave day xxiiij cr 

to o r part .... xij cr 
To ye pynor men yat stuyd (stood) 

at ye taveroun dur quhar we 

drank viij d o r part . . iiij d 

ye men yat buy r ye baners in ye 

processions baith ye dayis viij s 

o r part ..... iiij s 
For iiij quarts aill and ij gret breid 

iiij cr o r part .... ij cr 
To ye childer yat buy r ye breid in 

ye procession ij s to o r part . xij d 

For pap (paper) and Ink to be ane 

comp* buyk .... iiij d 

ij half pund candill agains Witson- 

day v s 

ane pair of bands to ane wyndo in 

Dame Stelis in Netheris Wynd xx d 

ane lok to hyr stayr Duyr . . ij s 

ane act iiij d 

To ye officar yat arrestit ye wyffis 

geyr for maill . . . iiij d 

For half ane pund row of walx to 

say mass .... xxx d 

To Adam Wallace for ye pindyn 

of Johne Sperte and James 

Zoung ..... xij d 

Monepenye for his half zers fee xx s 
ye Duyll goving betwixt us and ye 

Wrichtis (Wrights) xx s o r part x s 

Given to Wintoune Strauchane for ye 



I2 4 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1545 continued 

copie of ye statuts of ye toun 

anent ye boche . . . iij s 

For ix muchkyns of wyne . . iij s v d 

breid to say mass ... vj d 

weschyne of ye altar claithis . viij d 

mending of ye lectryne . . ij d 

The expensis on Sanct Loys day 

To ye quoir for singyne of ye mass 

upon Sanct Loyis day and apon 

ye morne eft r ane merk and iiij s 
For ye bellis ..... iij s vj d 

To ane chaplane to say mass at ye 

altar vj d 

,, Sir William .... xviij d 

iiij tauch candill .... xij d 

ye boy yat helpit to busk ye altar ij d 

For ij half pund candill ... v s 

for ij quarter pund candill . . xxx d 

To Thomas Hall .... ij 

Patrit Tod .... xvj d 

For pindying of James Zoung & 

Johne Sperte to ye officares 

and ye pynors . . . xviij d 

To Sir William for his zers fee passit 

by at Alhallows mass . . iiij libs 

For walx agains Zeull . . . xxij s 

ij half pund candill and fynes to 

ye mass buyk . . . xij d 

ane corprall .... iij s 

ye mendin of ye howsis in Nyddris 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 125 

1545 continued 

Wynd for sclatris, sand, lyme 

lancht garrone nalis & ye 

sclatris warkmanschip . . xl s 

To Sir William for his candilmoss 

quarter ..... xx s 
Robert Donaldson for his candil- 
moss quarter .... x s 
For Wyne and breid to say mass . xxiiij d 
ye curyn (upkeep) of ye altar yis 

zere bygane .... iiij s 
To James Barroun for ye ingetting 

of Jame Zoungs upset . . ij s 

Alex r Purves for walx yat William 

Smeberd sauld have payit . xxviij 5 
William Forrest for ye Hamer and 

ye croune to ye Troucht 

(tombstone) at ye altar end . iij s 

ye masoune for leid and onputting 

of it . . . . xvj d 

For ane bill makyne for to put ye 

unfreemen of ye gay 1 and ane 

act xij d 

To ye officares yat put ye geir of ye 

gait (street) . 
ye chaplane of ye Magdelene Altar 

for keiping of our torchis . ij cr 

Sir William for his beltane q r . xx s 
Sir Andro Gray at ye maisters 

comand .... xl cr 

William Coutts for his travell 

of ye gatheryne in of ye q r 

compts & ye stents . . vj* 



126 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1545 continued 

Heir followis my resait of ye haill zeir forsaid 

Resaivit fra George Watsoune for 

his upset .... xl cr 

fra Robyne Cothrone part of pay- 
ment of his upset . . . xx s 

William Roche for ane prentes xx s 

Nicoll Purves for his upset . iiij hbs 

Adam Pumfra somme of his 

martimas maill ... v cr 

Johne Hadnay & James Zoung 

apon Sanct Loys day of offerand xlij s 

James Zoung for his upset . v hbs 

Johne Sperte for his upset . xl cr 

Johne Stelis dachtyr for hyr 

zeirs maill .... iiij libs 

Patrit Sclat for ane prentes 

callit Maganchan . . . xx cr 

Andro Wilzoadsoun for his 
zeirs maill iiij merks and ane 
merk allowit for ane wyndo. 

Johne Sperte for his zers 
annuell ane merk 

William Frissell for ane prentes xx s 

The somme of ye resait xxvij libs without ye q r 
compts Ye somme of ye q r compts of yis zeir 
extends to ix libs xvij cr vij d 

I have gevyne to George Peirsoune Saidlar and 
Dekyne efter me to put in ye box in pre s of ye 
maisteris fourteen libs elevyne 5 and viij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 127 



1546 

George Peirsoun, Saidlar schosin Dekyne apoun 
Sanct Leonards Hill ye iij day of May ye zeir of 
God ano M.V c xlvj be electioun of ye maist part of 
ye maisteris being instant for ye tyme 

The expensis on Corpus Cristius day & ye octave 
of ye samyn 

Between us and ye masonnis iiij lib 

xiiij 8 iiijd o r part y r of . . lvij s ij d 

For ane pair of chandlaris of brass 

and ye mending of yame . xxvj s 

To three men iiij dayis ye tyme of 
ye counseling of ye Lordis to 
gang at ye provestis bak . xvj s 

Quhen all ye Dekyins chosit iiij 
men to gang at ye provestis 
bak our part of ye expensis . ij s 

For ye defence of ye ploy movit be 
George Cranstoun and Helene 
Naper his spouse against ye 
brethren of ye Hamermen . xxviij 8 

sensyne for ye same ploy . . vj s 

To Robert Donaldson for ye mend- 
ing of ane lok and ane new band 
to ye sellar dure of ye houss 
of Nedryis Wynd ... ij s 

Mungo Hunter for ye mending 
of ane lok of ye Hous in 
Nedryis Wynd . , . xij d 

For ye box to keep ye charteris of 



128 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 5 46 continued 
Sanct Eloyis & other neces- 
saris to Mungo Hunter . . xvj s 
To ye wrycht for his warkmandschip iiij s 

Sanct Loyis day 

To Alex r Purves for iiij greit torchis xxviij 5 
For ane pund of priccattis at wit- 

sonday ..... iiij 5 
ane pund of priccattis at alhallowmos . iij s iiij d 
ij pund forgis at Sanct Loyis day . vj viij d 

ye saule mass & dirge iiij quart 

pund candillis . . . iij s iiij d 
iiij taucht candill to set on ye altar xvj d 

To iij preistis to say mass at ye altar ij s 

For saule mass & dirge apon ye 

morn eft .... xiij s iiij d 
doubling of ye bellis . . . ij s 

taucht candill to burne in zule . viij d 

To Mungo Hunter for lokis & bandis 

to ye almonry ond ye altar and 

battis (batts) .... xij s 
For making of ye hollis of ye battis 

and leid to yame . . . ij s 

To ye wrycht for ye tymor and 

warkmandschip . . . xvij s 
For ane corporell .... v s 

steiking (closing up) in of Thomas 

Schortis wyfis bucht . . viij d 

warning of ye tenandis of ye land 

of Nedrys Wynd to flyt . . viij d 

sensyne to Adam Wallace for ye 

warning of yame . . . viij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 129 

i 546 continued 

For ye expensis oft ye removing of 
Steill & his dochter furth of 
ye houss of Nedryis Wynd 
maid before ye provest and 
baillies ... . vij s 

Anno Dom j m v c xlvj zeir month of February Die 
sexto in pretorio in pre e of George Peirsoun Dekyn 
and ye maist part of ye maisteris, Patrit Scot 
Saidlar is admyt borrowis and surte for William 
Frissell of ye malis of ye howsis of Nitheris Wynd 
ye quhilk Steilis dochtyr now inhabits extending to 
sex merks zeirlie far faling , as ye said William 
remanys in ye said Howsis. 

The zeir of God j m v c xlvj ye xiiij day of Novem- 
ber in ye Tolbuith of Edin h George Peirsoun Dekyn 
and ye maist pairt of ye maisteris has ordinit Mungo 
Hunter to deliverand to Sir William Wodhall ye 
soume of xlix cr for ye said Sir Williams expensis 
ye tyme of ye Bothe ? in ye xlv zeir quhen ye 
maisteris was furcht of ye toun quhill efterwards 
gif ye maisteris thynk expedient to recompence ye 
said Sir William wy l mair And in ye meantyme 
discharges ye said Mungo Hunter of all soumes, 
detty and clemyis yat ye said Mungo aucht to ye 
said fraternity be reason of his Dekynschip in ye 
zeir forsaid for now and ever. 

The Dekyn George Peirsoun & ye xij maisteris 
statuts & ordains yat quhat sover servand of ye 
occupation yat fees him wy l ij masteris and cannot 
prove yat he hes warnyt ye maister ya* he dwellis 

I 



130 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



I 5 46 continued 

wy l xl dayis afor his term lawfully to depairt fra him, 
he salbe expellit ye fredoum for ane zeir. 

The maisters names all paying iiijs 



Johne Clerk 
Thomas Hume 
George Watsone 
Johne Rynd 
Robert Ranald 
William Raa 
Johne Watsone 
Gawane Frog 
William Frasyr 
Johne Frog 
James Frasyr 
Patrik Scot 
Robert Freland 
Gilbert Diksone 
Johne Maxtone 
William Ly'harnes 
Henry Lorimor 
Nicoll Purwes 
Quintone Wachop 
Peter Gyll 
Mungo Hunter 
Johne Fothringham 
David Hamyltoun 
Robert Glassiner 
Matthew Windgaittis 
James Jhonstone 
Johne Watt 



Johne Hunter 
William Windgaittis 
Patrik Sklater 
Thomas Purwes 
Walter Wyt 
William Purwes 
David Pumfray 
Thomas Softlay 
Johne Marche 
James Smy 1 
Thomas Purwes 
Andro Lorimer 
Thomas Schortis wyfe ij s 
Johne Ewat 
Robert Dun 
William Berclay 
Johne Smeberd 
James Zoung 
George Dalgleis 
James Dornick 
John Sprete 
William Brokes 
Johne Hopper 
William Scott 
Alex r Wilsone 
Johne Menzeis 
Alex r Smy 1 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 131 

1 546 continued 

Johne Hadnay Johne Bannatyne 

James Raa William Roche 

In ye Pottaris 

Andrew Seytone Robert Seytone 

Raufe M'Dowall Adam Hislop 

Ye fyft day of June anno ye fortyseventh zeir 

Thare is lyand abont ye altar ix tronchtis ij under 
ye pulpot, ane afor ye altar ij at ye est end of 
ye altar, ane anent ye pyllar yat is next ye stepill 
duyr ane anent ye pyllar of ye bak of Sanct 
Sebestians altar ane at ye est end of ye Magdelene 
altar and ane anont ye hali wait staine of ye northt 
Kyrk duyr in ye Dekyns tyme George Peirsoun 

Obitus Die Wilolim Wodhall Capollair Allar 
Wilolim Bannatyne Cap & Not ary 

1547 

James Johnsoun chosin Dekin of Hamermen upon 
Sanct Leonards Craggs ye third day of May ye 
zeir of God j m v c xlvij zeir 

The expens upon Corpus xpis day 

& ye octave of ye same betwixt 

us & ye masonis & wrychtis . iiij lb xix s vj d 
To Robert Byning for ye paynting 

of ye speiris .... vj s 

For half ane pund roll of walx to 

say mass .... ij s 

Papyr .... viij 

., ane Swasch (Drum) . . . xxij s 



132 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 547 continued 
At ye mast 8 comand to him yt kepit 

ye key of ye Rude Chapell . xviij 

For ye clenging of ane scheildyn 

(ceiling) in ye howss at Nedrys 

Wynd ij s 

For wyne & breid to ye mass yis 

quarter . . . . . ij s 

,, wesching of ye altar clayts . . xij d 

To Sir William for his Lammos q r fee xx s 
For ane lett of sumonds to sumond 

Stelis dochtyr . . . viij 

For ane of Stelis dochtyrs . . iiij 

Given to ye beidmen of ye hospitell ij s 

Given to Katherine Wodhall for Sir 

William Wodhall of his Alhal- 

lows quart r .... xx s 
Given to Adam Lowromors wif . xl s 
Given for acttis in ye hospitell . xij d 

Given for ij faddome of cords to ye 

lamp ..... iiij d 

Given for oil to ye lamp . . . xij d 

For candillis upon Sanct Eloyis day 

to ye altar & to ye dirge . vij s 

twa candill .... viij 

For ye wesching of ye altar clayths 

& ane pig to put oil in & 

breid and wyne to say mass . xij d 

For vj prests saying mass at ye altar iij s 
To ye prests of ye quoir for saull 

mass & dirge .... xiij s iiij d 
ye quoir for ye Sancts mass . iiij 3 

ye bairns yat bair ye torchis . viij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 133 

I 547 continued 

For rying of ye deid bell . . ij s 

dowbling of ye bells to ye Sancts 

mass ..... xiij d 

To Sir David Wardlaw & Sir Wil- 
liam Gibsonne & Sir David 
Lawsone for masses said at ye 
altar ..... xviij 8 

Given to Sir Johne Lokhart . . iiij s 

Given for pigis (earthenware pots) & 

graithing of ye altar . . xij d 

Given at ye masteris comand to 

ye menstrallis . . . xij s 

Given at ye masteris comand to 

Maist r Adam Otterburne . iiij lib iiij s 

Given to Robert Donaldson for loks 
bands & keyis to ye hous in 
Nedry Wynd ... x s 

For ye mending of ye candilstike . viij d 

ye keiping of ye altar 
Given for ane pund candill of walx 

againe Zuell .... xl d 

Upon Zuell day at morne for ane 

candill . iiij d 

Given to Sir James Moffet for ye 
morne masses synging for ane 
oulk (week) y l was . ; vij s 

Given to Sir James Moffet in ye 

hospitell for service to us . xij d 

For oil betwix new zeirs even & ye 
Sunday before candilmass yt was 
three choppins ye price y r of . ij s 

Given for ye mending of ye lamp . xij d 



134 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 547 continued 
Given to ye servands to poynd for ye 

maill in Nedry Wynd . . viij d 

Given at ye maisteris comand in ye 

hospitell to ye beidman . . ij s 

Given to writtars & officiars yat day 

Michell M c quhenis wif gat 

stent of ye hous in Nedryis 

Wynd ..... iij s 

Given for stent to ye men of war 

ye tyme we reid (rode) to Had- 

ingtoun with my Lord Governer 

yat was . . . vj hb 

Given to ye servands to warne all ye 

indwellers in ye hous of Nedryis 

Wynd to remof & flit . xij d 

Given to o r last stent . . . x hb xviij 8 
Given for ane baskit to put mass 

breid in .... iiij d 

Given for seilis (seals) & writtings 

& other necessaries belonging 

to ye hospitell of ye Magdalene xxxviij 8 

Suma of ye furtht giving . xlij hb 
Ressavit free ye wryt in Nedreyis 

Wynd of his witsunday maill . xxx s 

George Spretye of his witson- 

day maill .... vij s 

Adam Hamiltone in part of 

payment of his upset . . iiij llb 
George Smeberd in do of 

peyment of his upset . . xxj s 

Symon Diksone in complete 

payment of his upset . . iiij hb 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 135 



i 547 continued 

Ressavit Apon Sanct Eloyis day of 

offerand fra George Peirsoun 

and Johne Rynd . . . xxix s 
fra Andro Williamsone for ye hous 

in Nedryis Wynd of his marti- 

mos maill y r of . . . xxxiij 5 iiij 
for William Chamletts land of 

ye Castellhill of ye martimass 

annuell ..... xv s 

fra Robert Thomsone Saidlar in 

complete paymnt of his upset . xl s 

Andro Williamsone for ye hous 

yat was set for reasants fra hym x s 

William Fressell of his marti- 

mos maill of ye hous in Nedryis 

Wynd xl s 

Jonet Steill of her witsunday 

maill in part of payment of ye 

said term for ye hous in Nedryis 

Wynd ..... xviij 8 

Johne Spretty of his martimos 

annuell ..... vij s 

& deleverit be me James Johnsoun 

Dekin of ye rest of certane 

money beand in ye box . . iiij lib x s 
for ane prentes of Thomas Soft- 

lawis callit Johne Middelmes . xx s 

fra a prentes of Johne Rynd callit 

William Peirsoun . . . xx s 

a prentes of Mungo Hunter 

callit Patk Cranstone xx s 



136 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 547 continued 

The fyft day of June ano ye forty seven zeir ye 
tyme of ye generall comptis in ye Tolbuith all ye 
maisteris with ane consent & assent statutis & 
ordainis yat any of yame in tymis to come stand 
agains ye comonweill or refusis to debait & 
defend ye actions containing to ye said craft sail 
be halding in farnit and maid to have na vote nor 
till brouk nottorit nor have any counsall amange 
yame fra yis tyme furtht. 

1548 

William Scot Chosin Dekin of ye Hamermen in 
Edinburght apon Sanct Leonards Craggs ye third 
day of May in ye zeir of God j m v c xlviij 

The expens on Corpus xpi day and ye octave of 
ye same betwix us and ye masonis and Wry* 5 

To ye menstrallis & to ye banars and 

other necessaris as before . iij llb iij s iiij d 

For papyr to ye buik . . . viij d 

Given quhen we feit thrie men of 
weir & gadderit ye stent in ye 
moncht of Jan rs ... xj s 

to menstrallis in ye hospitell yat 
day James Munro Robert Thom- 
soun and Thomas Heldane maid 
ye deed .... xij s 

for Duffatts Skowbis and laucht 
and for warkmandschip of ye 
hous in Nedryis Wynd . . xlij s 

to ye beidmen and chaplane 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 137 

I 548 continued 

of ye hospitell for yair witson- 

day annuell .... ij merks 

For ane fut gang to ye altar . . xvij s 
Given to four men of weir (war) 

mair yad ye stynt yay gad- 

derit ye tyme ye army lay at 

Mussellbur 1 .... xxxiiij 3 
Given quhen ye men of weir was feit vij s 
for clay to mend ye chymney heid 

in ye hous in Nedry Wynd . xij d 

Given for ane lamp to ye altar xxxiiij cr 

in drink silver to ye boyis yat 

maid ye lamp . . . ij cr 

for vj faddom of cord to hyng ye 

lamp ..... ij s 

for ane choppin of oil . . . xij d 

Given for drink silver y* tyme ye 

kirkmaister feit ye uputting of 

ye altar with ye wrychts . . vj s ix d 

Given for bringing up ij eastland 

buirds (boards) fra ye Nedder 

Bow ..... iiij d 

Given for vj eastland buirds . . xlij s 
For ye bringing up of four of yame 

fra Leicht .... xvj d 

To Patrik Tod ye clerk . . . viij d 

Given to prestis yat said mass on 

Sanct Eloy's day . . . viij s 
for thre faddom of ane cord to ye 

lamp ye tyme it was litit dune 

& ye cord sewn . . . xij d 

to ye woolars & menstrallis ye tyme 



138 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



ij merks 
xij d 



xx 



i 548 continued 

David Freland William Leddell 

& William Smyt maid ye deed xiiij 
Given to ye beidmen in ye hospitell 

of drink silver . . . xx d 

Given in ye Dekins hous quhen 

Michell Makquhenis wif was 

y r in for certane business . . v s iiij d 

Given to ye extent in ye montht of 

Februar for four pynor 8 to pas 

to Jedburght to ye Governor . xxxviij 5 x d 
To ye beidmen of ye Magdalen 

Chappell for martimos annuell 
Given to ye boy yat fand ye lamp . 
to ye officars to wairn ye tennetis 

of Nedris Wynd to flit . 
For ane walx candill of ij pund 

wy' again Pasch and for Var- 

nissing of ane other candill . x s 

Given to ye officars to teche yame 

yat wald not pay ye stent & 

other business . . . iiij s ij d 

Ressavit for sax estland burds yat 

was bo 1 to ye altar & sauld yame 

again for v s ye peis ye soume of 

yame is xxx s 

The primld day of May in ye zeir of God j m v c 
xlviij zer The quhilk day ye haill maisteris weill 
gadderit & advisit in ye hospitell of ye Magdalene 
has tane full compt & rekining & payment of James 
Johnstoun Dekin & George Peirson Kyrkmaister 
ingaddering of ye said zeirs compt 8 & so rest 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 139 

I 548 continued 

yame awand to ye craft ye soume of vlib xiij s 
iiij d quhilk soume rests in certane maisters hands 
quhilk ye said George sail collect & gadder & 
mak comp 1 y r of to ye craft as sene has he may 
get it in & dischargis ye said James & George of 
all other comp ts of ye zeir forsaid for now & 
ever. 

1549 

The third day of May George Perisoun was chosin 
Dekin on Sanct Leonards Craggs be ye haill vote of 
ye haill maisteris of ye Hamermen in Ed r In anno 
dom j m v c xlix zeirs 

Ye comptis being maid as said is ye craft rests 
awand to George Perisoun new Dekin and John 
Rynd ye soume of xxv crounis of ye sonne, quhilkis 
yai lent to ye quenis grace in nayme & behalf of ye 
haill craft, for ye quhilk soume ye haill craft resinyis 
and giffis the remander for guidis needs restand ex- 
tendand to the soume of xxiij cr viij d as pairt payment 
of the above xxv crouns 

[This curious minute is followed by an entry of 
the amounts received by George Peirsoun during his 
term of office] 

Ressavit of lent money fra Johne Gilbert quhilk 
was lent to ye quenis grace apon plagis (pledges) 
yat was in ye haill xx crounis of ye sonne Ye 
croun was xxij s vj d 

To ye viollars, harpars, pyppars 
fidlars & other minstrallis ye 
tyme James Cranstoun Edward 
Laing & Robert Purves maid 



140 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

I 549 continued 

ye dand (deed) in ye hospitall 

that was .... xxj s 

For ye cuik ..... viij d 

Given in ye Magdalen Chappell to 

ane callit Dik yat watit yerin . v s 

To ye expens on Corpus Cristis day 

betwix us & ye masonis & wry ts 

vj lib xiiij 5 iiij d o r part . . iij lib vj s viij d 
Given to ye pynors to labor in 

Inchkeis in ye month of June . iij hb viij vj d 
for mending of ye squasch . . x 

to ye beidmen in ye Magdalen 

Chappell of witsonday an 1 . ij merks 

in drink to ye baillis & officars & 

ye toun clerk & certene of ye 

maist 5 be'warint yat tyme James 

Johnstoun & his wif gif o r ye 

stent of ye annuell of ye house in 

Castelhill yat was ... xj s 

to William Strauchand for ye in- 
strument & registeatin in dobill 

form yat was . . . . v s 

Lynt on thre crovnis ef ye sum yat 

was ressavit for ye quenis grace 

qu lk was lent to her . . vij s vj d 

Given for lynyin clayt to be altar 

towillis ..... xvij s vj d 

,, for sewing of yame with gret 

crossis ..... viij s 

For ane armis & ye on putting of 

yame on Thomas Schortts 

throucht (tombstone) . . vij s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 141 

I 5 49 continued 

For ane harden towell . . . vj d 

vj faddom of cords to ye lamp . xviij d 

ij faddom of cord to ye bell string vj d 

ane stand of ornaments . . xx d 

ane press to put yame in . . xij d 

Given for bat hollis making in ye wall 

for ye torchis almonry . . iij s 
to Mungo Hunter for ye battis & 

ye mending of ye lok & making 

of ane key to it . . v s 

To Adam Purves for tymor to ye 

almonry & making of it & 

mending ye desk . . . xx s 
Given to Johne Rynd for leid to ye 

battis ..... viij d 

To Adam Purvess servands in drink 

silver ..... xij d 

Given to Walter Byninyings men for 

paynting of ye almonry . . xviij d 

for ane act in ye officialis buk for 

ye acting of Adam Purves & 

Johne Ruchell stent to us for 

Andro Williamsoun . . xij d 

to Johne Rynd for ye mending of 

ye hous in Nedry Wynd w l 

scobbis & dufatts xl s 

to ye officars to wairn ye tenents 

to flit ont of ye house in Nedry 

Wynd xij d 

to Mungo Hunter for ye mending 

of ye box & making of three 

keyis to it . . . xvj s 



142 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

I 549 continued 

Given to James Johnstoun for ye virllis 

to him mending ye box . . iij s 

Mungo Hunters boyis in drink- 
silver ..... xij d 

to menstrallis & other dewties be- 
twix us & ye masonis & wry 1 ye 
tyme ye procession reid quhen 
yay brought furcht yat was wyn 
fra ye Inglish men to o r part . xviij 8 vj d 

for ane dusaeun (entertainment) 
to ye Dekin of ye Hamermen 
in Glescy (Glasgow) . . vij s 

to takeing away of ye staines ont 

of ye hospitell zard . . xiij s 

to ye poor folks yat same day . vj 

The expens maid on ij banars betwix us and ye 
masonis and wry ts 

In ye first for vj ellis of taffetty 

vj lib for o r p l . . . iij libs 

Given to ye tailzeris yat helpit to 
wait ye taffety and schoupe 
(shape) yame vj s to o r part . iij s 

for canwess to stynt yame w l iij s 

vj d to o r p 1 . . . . xxj d 

for seilk to mak ye frenzeis v 

merks to o r p 1 . . . ij merks 

for ye weiffing (weaving) of ye 
frenzeis to Jonet Bell xlvj s to 
o r p l . . . . xxiij 8 

ye paynting of yame to Walt r 

Byninying xij lib 5 to o r p 1 * vj lib 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 143 

1549 continued 
Given to Walt r Byninyings servands 

in drinksilver x s to o r p l . . v s 

1550 

The third day of May in an dom j m v c quinquagesi- 
mus James Zowng was chosing Dekin on Sanct 
Leonards Crags be ye haill voitts of all ye craft 
beand yair commit to yat offict 

Given in drinksilver to Jonet Bells 

madyins yat soent (sew) ye 

banars betwix us & ye masonis 

& wry 1 iiij s to o r p l . . . ij s 

in drink at ye lowsing of ye banars 

betwix us ye masonis & ye wry ts 

xj s to o r pa 4 . . . . v s vj d 

for ye paynting of ye speirs & 

paynting of ye squasch xxviij 5 

to o r pt . . . . . xiiij 5 
to ye officars of ye toun to cause 

ye tenentis to flit of ye hous in 

Nedreis Wynd . . . xij d 

for ye heiding of ye squasch betwix 

us & ye masonis & wry ts xiiij 5 vij s 
for bukram to be hows to ye 

banars iij s o r p l . . xvj d 

ij new speirs to ye banars xiiij 5 to 

o r pt . . . . vij s 

The expens on Corpus xpi day & ye octave of ye 
samyn betwix ye masonis & wryts 

Given to Jaqueis Hog menstrall . xxiij 5 



144 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

155 o continued 
Given to yeblay r of yecastellyat play it 

ye squasch .... x 

to Alex r Padzunis yat play 1 ye 

almonry quhissell (whistle) . xviij 5 

to Adam Scot yat plaid on ye 

tabnroune .... xviij. 
to ye minstrallis disiounis w l other 

honest maisters beand w* yame lx cr 

to ye boyis yat bure ye banars . xij s 

for wyne on corpus xpis day & ye 

octave of ye samyn viij quarts 

& ane choppin . . . xix s iij d 

breid ye saidis dayis . . . xij d 

to ye boy yat plaid on o r ain 

squasch. .... x s 

to ye child y l bure ye breid & wyne vj s 

for fur quarts of aill . . . iiij s 

payit mair in wyne at ye comp* 

making ..... xlij d 

to ye minstrallis dandars (dinners) 

bay 1 ye dayis .... xj s 

The hale soume of expens to o r pairt v llb viij s 
Given to ye beidmen of ye Magdelen 

Chappell of y r witsonday terme xxvj s viij d 

to Sir William the upset of fif 

pundis quhilk ye maisteris gif 

hym to by ane goune . . v hbs 
for ye expens maid on ye disioun 

quhilk John Frog was camfor 

of in ye castell of Ed r . . xx s 

to Jaqueis Hog for o r part of ane 

targat to hym . . . xxv s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 145 



libs 



i 5 5 o continued 

Given for ane silver challece (chalice) 
price ye ounce y r of xx s vj d quhilk 
extendit to xxv ounce & ane 
quarter of ane ounce . . xxvij 

to ye goldsmy 1 to ye burnissing of 

ye challece .... xx s 

for ane chaist to ye challece . xxviij 5 

to ye officars for to gang about w l 

us for inbringing of o r money . ij s 

vj quateris of bukram to mend ye 

mortclay 1 .... viij s 

to ye tailzor for mending of ye 

mortclay* .... iij s 

for to get crounis of ye sonne for 
quhy 1 money to pay ye extent 
yat was gaderit in ye moncht 
of September .... xiij s 

for ane rod to clenge & deicht ye 
siloring & ye imagis 

to Mungo Hunter for mending of 

ye dask . . ^ , . ij s 

for ij choppins of oil at sundry tymis 

for ane vestment & ane frontall 
with curtains of red taffety & 
other neccessaris pertainding 
yairto ..... xxvj 

for expens for ye getting of ye 
samyn ..... 

to Michell Makquhenis wif ye 
tyme sche cam to my hous to 
conveen anent ye reisting of ye 
K 



XXXlj 



libs 



146 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1550 continued 
malis of ye hous in Nedreis 
Wynd In Wyne . . . xx d 

The expens on Sanct Eloyis day 

For ane chopin of oil yat day . . xvj d 

ij gret taucht candill . . . xij d 

small taucht candell to yame yat 

procurit in ye kyrk . . . iij d 

scanze threid . . . . iij d 

ye armis of ye frontall . . xvj s 

Sir James Craufurd disioun in wyne xij d 

ye procuters moneschanks . . ij s 

To ye quoyr for ye Sanctis mass . iiij s 
ye orgains .... xviij d 

ye boyis of ye quoir y l bure ye 

torchis ..... viij d 

ye quoir for saull mass & 

dirge ..... xiij s iiij d 
For ye rynging of ye gret bell . . xviij d 

To ye deid bell .... ij s 

ye bellman .... viij d 

Patrik Tod for his laubors . . xvj d 

ye cence & silver candillstikes to 

saull mass & dirge . . . viij d 

ye boy yat kepit ye altar . . vj d 

Sir William for his laubors yat 

day ..... ij s 

For ij gret new torchis . . . xx s 
ij gret walx candills maid of o r auld 

walx x s 

iiij quarter pund candill of walx to 

saull mass & dirge ... v s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 147 

1 5 5 continued 
For ij small torchis to Sanct Lucis 

masses ..... iiij s 

To ye quoir for ye singing of Sanct 

Lucis masses .... xxvj s 
For ij punds of taucht candill to Sanct 

Lucis masses .... ij s 

To Sir William for to furnis pak 

threid & flowers & for his laubor 8 

ye tyme of Sanct Lucis masses ij s 

ye procurators disioun yat day . iij s 

For ane other chopin of oil . . xvj d 

Given to ane extent for ye common 

weill of ye haill craftis in yis 

bur* in ye moncht of December iiij lib v s 
to Sir Thomas Williamsoun for his 

zeir annuell .... xiij s iiij d 

in ye Tolbuith for actts & decrees 

for to satisfy ye ploy of ye 

brassin throucht . . . ij s 

at ye ontqutting & bying of ye 

vestment of red weluat, frontall 

& curtains to certane maisters . ix s 

to Mais* Pet r Speiris for ye ont- 

quting & bying of ye vestment . ix hbs 
to Johne Hunter buklurmakar for 

to support hym . . . xl s 

to Sir William for his canollmas 

qu r fee . . . . . ij merks 

for breid & wyne & wesching of ye 

altar clay ts yis q r . . iiij s 

for four sperrs (spars) to ye 

gardyne in ye hospitell . . ij 8 iiij d 



148 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



155 o continued 

Given for ye bringing of yame fra Leicht viij d 

for ye laying of ye staines in ye 

gardyne in ye hospitell . . iiij d 

to ye gardanar for ye laying of ye 

thorn & setting of ye sperrs . iiij s 

to an extent for ye making of ane 

hand senze for ye comunters 

of ye craftes to o r part and diff 1 

business yat was ado pertaining 

to ye saids craftis . . . iiij hb ij s 

The haill masteris naymis in ye said zeir bay' ye 
aulder masteris & yame resavit in ye said zeir all 
paying iiijs each 



Thomas Petigrew 
Thomas Hume 
Johne Ahadnay 
William Ray 
George Watspun 
William Harlaw 
Johne Frog 
James Fressall 
Johne Weyr 
James Hunter 
Johne Rynd 
James Mure 
Eduard Laing 
John Gillis 
James Zoung Dekin 
Walt r Wy r 
Pet Gill 
Adam Ranaldsoun 



George Peirsoun 
George Smethberd 
Alex r Scot 
Nicoll Purves 
James Smy 1 
Thomas Purves 
George Ramsay 
William Frost 
Thomas Holdane 
Robert Dunne 
William Lytharnes 
William Loromoyr 
George Dalgleis 
James Dornwick 
John Spratty 
William Brokis 
Mungo Hunter 
John Hopper 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 149 

155 o continued 

William Scot William Windzett 

William Liddall Alex r Grawis 
Robert Glasfurd 

William Smy 1 T- i 1 

T t ,, : Tynklars nay mis 

John Menzeis 

Mathew Windzett Robert Seytoun 

John Reidpecht Johne Podding 

Allan Hamiltoun James Kyle 

Johne Wat Adam Hosleht 

Andro Hamiltoun William Grahaym 

Johne Hunter Robert Hog 

Patrik Bannatyne Adam Heirsoun 

James Cranstoun Lawry Lyndsay 



1551 

The third day of May an do j m v c quinquages- 
imus primo Mungo Hunter was chosin Dekin of ye 
Hamermen for ye next zeir instant following be ye 
electioun of ye maisteris, yay being put ye sames 
beand as use is in ye dayis afor 

Given to menstrallis wagis, disiouns & 

ye boyis yat bar ye banars, boyis 

yat bar ye breid & wyne in ye 

processions & other necessaries 

baiy 1 ye dayis betwix us & ye 

masonis & wry ts extends in ye 

haill to o r p< . . . . v libs iiij s viij d 
for ij pund candill of walx again 

witsunday . . . . vij s 

for ye papyr buk . . viij d 



150 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

155 I continued 

Given for ane hors wages thrie dayis 

to James Zoung to ryde to Peblis 

to ye govenor for ye dressing 

of o r besanis (business) . . xv s 
for grys (grass) to ye said hors . xij d 

to ye officars for to put Adam 

Ranaldsoun in ye Tolbuith & 

catching of Thomas Heldane 

yat same day ... ij s 

ij acts in ye Tolbuith . . . xij d 

to ye beidmen & chaplane of ye 

Magdelen Hospitell of ye wit- 

sunday termis annuell . . ij merks 

to Sir Thomas Williamsoun for 

bogin (building) of ye binks & 

ye staine dike in ye Magdalen 

Chapell . . . . xvj s 

[Expenses on festival days same as usual] 

Deleverit to ane extent ta my Lord Govenor 
for ane general remission to all ye craftismen of yis 
bur 1 to o r pairt extendit to iiij xx viij libs ye dekin 
pay it ye rest of ye wholl which was mair na ye rest 
of o r money & payit hymself ye said soume & he 
maid his compts of ix lib V s yat he hald deleverit 
owing of ye said extent 

For ane ledder bag to gadder ye 

extent in . . . . ij s 

new canwess to ye new frontall of 

ye alt r & sewing of it & making v s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 151 



1552 

?!f 2 The third day of May an do j m v c lij zers 
James Zoung cutlar was chosin Dekin be ye election 
of ye haill craft on Sanct Leonards 

Expensis on Corpus xpi day and ye 

octave of ye same betwix us 

and ye masonis & wry ts ye soume 

of all is xj libs viij s iiij d to o r 

pairt y r of .... v lib xiiij 8 ij d 
For blew (blue) taffatyis to Jaqueis 

Hoggs band xiiij 8 o r p l . vij s 

bearers to o r awin squasch xx d o r 

p* x d 

ye comp 1 buk .... viij d 

To Johne Rynd for ane flakut to put 

mass wyne in ... v s 

Adam Purvess wry 1 in erlis of ye 

bogin (building) of ye bak of o r 

altar x libs 

mair to hym for ye altar . . v libs 
William Frost for ye mending of 

ye lamp ..... viij s 

Given in drinksilver to Adam Purvess 

servands . . . x s 

Mair to Adam Purvess for o r altar viij lib 
for ye making of ye skauffaulding 

& drink to yame . . . iij s 

to James Watsoun for paynting of 

o r altar heid .... vj libs 
Mair to Adam Purvess for ye altar v libs 



152 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

155 2 continued 
Given Mair to Adam Purvess servands 

in drinksilver .... v s 

To William Scott for garron naylis 

& planscher naylis ... ij s 

for candill yat morn g ye altar was 

set up and on ye morn g efter . xij d 

for drink yat morn g to yame . v s 

on ye morning to yair disioun . vij s 

to pynors yat labourit at ye 

altar ij s 

to ye men of Adam Purvess . . xl s 

yat morn g ye altar was set up in 

boging (building) to Adam 

Purvess in drink to ye maisteris 

and others yat was in . . xvj s 

to ye masonis yat maid ye batt 

hollis of ye altar . . . vj s 

to ye payntor yat payntit ye bak 

of ye altar ye new work & ye 

rodds ..... xxiij 8 
for ane stane of iron & three punds 

to be batts to ye altar . . viij s 

to ye wryt s newnschanks yat morn 

yay sett up ye Images & com- 

pletit ye altar for y r pairt . v s 

to ane pynor yat brocht up ye 

images frae James Watsouns 

bucht payntor . . . iiij d 

to Johne Ahnadnay for ij c dur 

naylis ..... iij s 

for ane hundret planchor naylis . xxx d 

Given for j c windo naylis . . xiiij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 153 

155 2 continued 

Given for xxx garronis naylis . . iiij d 

for ye making of thre gret batts 

of ye deskis iron . . . iiij s 

for vj small batts of his awin iron xxx d 

for other iiij batts to put ye images 

up with .... iiij 5 

for ye payntin of ye images . xxx s 

to ye wryts in drinksilver yat 

morn yay translatit ye images . V s 

mair to James Watsoun payntor 

for ye paynting of ye images 

of Sanct Michaell and Sanct 

Gabrell ..... xvj s 

hym mair for ye wernessing of ye 

tabernakell heid and paynting 

of ye schields (shields) of ye 

altar & ye mendyin of other 

works with paynting . . xij s 

mair to Adam Purvess . . iiij libs 

mair to Adam Purvess in compleit 

for his labors done to o r altar . vj libs 
for leid to ye batts to Johne Rynd iiij s 

to ane masoun for ye making of 

vj batt hollis for ye leid to bat 

ye altar boards . . . iij s 

for ye said iiij batts to mak ye 

altar boards .... iij s 

to Johne Cairns for ye making of 

ane stepill to ye cleik . . xij d 

to Mungo Hunter for loks and 

bands to ye almonry of ye 

altar xx s 



154 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

155 2 continued 

Given to Johne Weyr for ane pund of 

leid vj d 

for ye furnissing of xx libs to ye 
opperatioun on ye altar of my 
awin money .... iiij hbs 

for ye hegying (hedging) of ye 

thorn in ye Magdalene Zaird . ij s 

to James Donaldsoun for ye mak- 
ing of ane scoir = outthrough 
ane kist yat stands apon ane 
of o r trouchtis . . . xij d 

1553 
The third day of May j m v c liij zeirs James Zoung 

was chosin Dekin of ye Hamermen in Ed r by full 

electioun of ye haill craft beand convenit for yat 

affair on Sanct Leonards Craggs as was in use for 

ye tyme 

Imprimis restand awand ye said 
Dekin of ye last zeirs in pay- 
ment of ye altar . . . vij lib xvij s 

Ye expens on Corpus xpi day & 
ye octave of ye same betwix us 
& ye masonis & wry 15 ye haill 
soume vij libs xiiij 5 o r pairt . iij libs xij s iiij d 

Given for paynting of ye speris yat 

beir ye banares ix s o r p l . . iiij s vj d 

to James Donaldsoun to by hym 

an livery .... xxviij 8 

Coft ane trouchtis lyand at Sanct 
Sabstains altar fra John Coch- 
ranes for .... xxxij 8 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 155 

155 3 continued 

Given for ye Dekins awin expens his 
hors and hymself passand to 
Sanct Johnstoun and Striveling 
be ye space of xviij dayis, for 
ye dressing of diffrent business 
for ye weill of craftismen 
allowit to hym be maisteris for 
ye said craftis . . . vj hbs 

The rentall of ye altar of Sanct Eloyis of maills, 
annuells to be payit zearlie 

In ye first Ye hous in Nedry Wynd payit zerlie 
x libs during ye tak of Andro Williamsoun. xxx s 
zerli of annuell of Chamletts lands of ye Castlehill. 
be equall proportions. By Grahamis lands in Sanct 
Marys Wynd zerli ane merk. be equall proportions 
By Johne Sprottis lands in Sanct Marys Wynd 
Zerli xiiij 8 be equall proportions witsunday and 
martimoss 

[Expensis for the altar and festival days as usual] 



1554 

James Zoung Dekin was chosin be full electioun 
of all ye haill remnant brot s of ye Hamermen on 
Sanct Leonards Craggs on ye third day of May 
j m v c liiij zeirs 

Imprimis Ye expensis on Corpus 
xpi day & ye octave day betwix 
us and ye masonis & wry ts to 
o r p< iij lib xvij s j d 



156 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1554 continued 

To Patrik Bannatyne officer for to 

buy hym an livery . . . xx s 
ye Chaplane & beidmen of ye 

Magdalene Chapell of ye whit- 

sunday annuell . . . iiij merks 

For ane bill & acts in ye Tolbuith 

for ye prosecuting of David 

Grahams annuell . . . xvj d 

To William Scot for ye beidmans 

chymney . xij s 

For ye making of ye bynks in ye 
Magdalene zaird and for scheretts 

to yame .... xj s vj d 
To ane masouin for ye making of ye 

bat hollis for ye desk and leid 

to yame .... xij s 

ij stane of iron to Johne Ahadnay 

& making ye batts of ye desk . xvj s 
Adam Purves for ye mending of 

ye desk w l his awin tymor . xxij s 
Johne Ahadnay, smy 1 for ye mak- 
ing of ye batts to ye desk yat is xj s vj d 
Johne Weir mair leid ij punds . xij d 

For taucht candill to ye warkmen 

yat mendit ye desk . . vj d 

[Expensis for the altar & festival days as usual] 



1555 

Andro Hamyltoun Dekin Andro Hamyltoun was 
so chosin Dekin on Sanct Leonards hill or crags 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 157 

155 5 continued 

be full electioun of ye haill craft ye third day of 
May in ye zer of God j m v c Iv zers 

Ressavit In ye box of ye rest of ye 

last zeir comp ts . . . xij lbs vj s 

Fra George Smy' in complete pay- 
ment of his upset . . . viij hb 

Grahamis annuell of Maries 

Wynd ye witsunday term . vj s viij d 

Johne Sprottes annuell of his 

house in Mar s Wynd . . viij s 

Patrik Whytesmy 1 in complete 

payment of his upsat . . ix lib 

Andro Williamsoun ye witsun- 
day maill of ye house in Nedrys 
Wynd v libs 

ye annuell of ye Castlehill of 
Chamletts land of ye witsunday 
term ..... xv s 

ye offerand on Sanct Eloyis day 
collectit by Johne Rynd & Johne 
Sprotte ..... xxvj s 

The maisteris sonnis naymis y l has payit y r upsets 
yis instant zer before hand, for to pay ye extent of 
iiij xx libs to ye queenis grace, because ye maisteris 
hald desburssit all ye common guids on taxatioun 
in ye debaiting of ye liberties 

Ressavit frae Robert Glassfurd for ane 

of his sonis upset xl s 

frae John Ahadnay do do 

do sonis do xl s 



158 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

155 5 continued 

Ressavit frae Isobell Barbar for Alex r 

Purves hir sonnis upset . . xl s 
George Ramsay for Andro 

Hunter upset xl s 

William Raa for hymself . xl s 
William Brokas for Hennry 

Mur xl s 

William Scott for his sonne 

Alex r Scott xl s 

The maisteris naymis yat hes lent to ye extent 
of xl libs by ye other xl libs payit of before of ye 
common guids, and ane zer quarter compts gadderit 
before hand every ane of yame xx s qui lk xx s sail 
be allowit to yame & to every ane of yame in 
ye prossis yat sail happin, to get upsetts & deeds 
or other duties, quhill ye samyn be complete payit 
or ellis (else) to be tax 1 again be ye craft for pay- 
ment again James Young James Smy* Nicholl 
Purves Mungo Hunter Johne Watt Johne Frog 
William Smy* Johne Hopper James Fressell 
William Harlaw Johne Weyr JohneRynd Alex r Scot 
Thomas Tod James Wey r Thomas Patigrew John 
Robsoun Adam Ranaldsoun William Lorymor 
Johne Calderwood James Cranstoun Walter Wyth 
James Hunter Thomas Purves George Dalgleisch 
Alex r Grewd Mathow Windezetts Thomas Hume 
William Lyddell Thomas Purves Johne Sprott all 
paying xxs each 

Ye expens on corpus xpi day & ye 
octave of ye samyn betwix us 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 159 

155 5 continued 

and ye masonis & wry ts to o r 

pairt ..... iiij lib ij s viij d 
To ane callit Wilsoun y l playit on ye 

trimpait ye twa dayis ye toun 

maid ye ministers . . . vj s 

at ye masteris qumand to Pat 

Bannantyne to by hym ane livery xl s 

Given to Pet r Gillis wyf ane pur 

weddie (poor widow) yat was 

ane maisters wyf at ye m s 

qumand .... xl s 

to Maist r Johne Abercrombie man 

of law for o r pairt of his labor 8 

don for ye craft . . . xx s 

for ye papyr buk to writ ye extent 

in. . . . . . xviij d 

Expens on Sanct Eloyis dayis 

To ye quoir for saule mass & dirge 

syning ..... xiij s iiij d 

ye sancts mass .... xij d 

ye bellis ..... xviij d 

ye deid bell .... ij s 

ye organs xviij d 

Patrik Tod o r clerk . . . viij d 

ye bellman to gang thro ye toun . viij d 

ye silver candillsticks . . . viij d 

for taucht candill . . . xij d 

for vj preists by y r quarters yat 

said mass at ye altar . . iij s 

Sir William for his laubors & to ye 

wyne to hym .... ij s 



160 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

155 5 continued 

To ye boy yat kepit ye altar . . vj d 

ye boyis of ye quoir yat bur ye 

torchis and sang ye antone as 

use is . . . . . viij d 

Pak threid ij d 

For twa gret torchis . . . xx s 
twa gret prikatts of iij punds wecht xij s 
four quarter pund candills to saule 

mass & dirge .... iiij s 
,, awand for auld walx at Sanct Gelis 

day & varnishing twa punds . viij s 
twa taucht candill on zuill day at 

morn ..... xij d 

candill to ye first mass in ye month 

of Jan y xij d 

breid & wyne & wesching of ye 

altar claits yis q r . . . iiij s 
To Sir William for his candilmass fee ij merks 

Given to Johne Couk for four keyis 

& for mending of iii lokis to ye 

Magdalene Chapell x s 

For oil to ye lamp .... viij s ij d 

In yis zer of God j m v c & Iv was gret variance 
betwixt ye merchands and ye craftismen & causit by 
ye decree in parliament And ye personis yat was 
chosin supereors of craftismen was callit vesitors & 
yin wer chosing be provest baillies and qunsell of 
every bur 1 at michaelmas at Nov r be ye electioun of 
ye crafts, yen certane nobill & honest craftismen had 
regard to ye common weill of all craftismen and to 
y r liberties quha s nay mis wes James Zoung Cutlar 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 161 

155 5 continued 

principall Archibald Denror tailzour & David Kin- 
loch baxter manfully & honestlie labourt at ye 
arbritall and causit ye samyn bein bro 1 to ye auldry 
with other liberties mair nor yai hald befor And 
ye Dekries & priveleges was solemnly proclaimed 
with sound of trimpatts & ye heralds with y r coit 
arms Ye mercat crox all hynging about with fyne 
tapasstyr quhilk was ryt honest and pleasant to all 
ye craftismen Yis was done in ye moncht of Jan y 
a d ye Ivj. 

1556 

The last day of May beand Trinity Sunday j m v c 
Ivj zers 

James Zoung Cutlar was chosin Dekin of ye 
hamermen be full electioun of ye haill craft in ye 
Blak Frier Zaird and brocket ye samyn quhilk candil- 
mes yairefter and yai hav referrit ye samyn to 
masteris & yai yin (then) chosit Johne Rynd to be 
Dekin q 11 ye zeir ends and yis because he was chosin 
by ye counsell w l ye provest baillies & maisteris wot 
weall wishit yair bur 4 (burgh) 

Ye expens on Corpus xpi day & ye 
octave of ye samyn betwix us 
and ye Masonis & Wry ts to o r 
pt iiij lib v s vj d 

Given to ye beidmen of ye Magda- 
lene Chapell y r witsunday term 
of ye house in Nedryis Wynd . iiij merks 

to Sir William for lammas term fee ij merks 

for breid & wyne to ye mass & 

L 



162 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

155 6 continued 
wesching of ye altar claits yis 
quarter ..... iiij s 

Given for byllies (baillies) acts & de- 
crees in ye Tolbuith in ye per- 
sueing of W m Brokas to cause 
hym fullfill ye maisteris decret viij s 

for lik for writtings in ye pursueing 
of Alex r Grolok to cause hym 
fullfill ye Dekin & councils 
decret ..... V s 

for decrees to Alex r Kyng of ye 
hous in Nedryis Wynd quhen ye 
samyn was set in tak to Johne 
Cunningham xl s 

[Expensis on Sanct Eloys day same as before] 

Given to Mathow Speir for ye poynt- 

ing of ye Magdalen Chapell . xxiiij 8 

for lym, sand, wait, and neces- 
saries to ye poynting of ye 
Magdalene Chapell . . . xxxiij 5 ij d 

more nor ye stynt was to ye 

officars yat poinded ye same . viij s 

to ye Chaplane & beidmen of ye 
Magdalen Chapell of ye marti- 
mess term annuell of ye hous 
in Nedry Wynd . . . iiij merks 

to Mais r Thomas Waddell advocate 
to procur for o r privelegis agains 
Alex r Grolok .... x s 

to Pat k Bannatyne at ye maisteris 

qumands to by hym ane clok w* xl s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 163 

155 6 continued 

Given to Maist r Johne Abercromby 

for o r p l of his pursueing . . xxx s 
The maisteris restis awand me for 

taxatiouns debursit be at y r 

commands for ye common weill 

xxxviij hbs vj s 



1557 

The (first) day of June a d j m v c Ivij zer beand 
Trinity Sunday Johne Rynd Peutermaker was chosin 
Dekin of ye Hamermen on Sanct Leonards Craggs 

Johne Rynds exenoratioun in ye said Ivij zer 

To Patri c Bannatyne to by hym 

ane livery xl s 

The expensis on Corpus xpi day and ye octave 
betwix us & ye masonis and wry 15 

To our pairt iij libs xj s 

To twa officers of ye toun to get in 

ye remnent of o r quarters 

comptis ..... vj s 
mair to ye officers ane other tyme ij s 

James Henresone officer for to 

search & seik Andro Pumfray, 

for his lauboring within ye toun ij s viij d 

Given in ye Tolbuith for ye pursuin 

of George Liddell . . . viij s 
to ye officer to steik in Ninyne 

Davidsonis bucht dur . . vj s 



1 64 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



155 7 continued 

For ye boxing of ye poynds for ye 
extent & comprysing of yame 
yat is ..... x s 

To ane man of law to prosecute 
agains George Liddell ane croun 
of ye sonne .... xxv s 

ye beidmen of ye Magdalene 
Chapell for yair witsunday 
annuell of ye hous in Nedrey 
Wynd ..... iiij merks 

To Patric Bannatyne his lammos fie x s 

Sir William for his do fie . ij merks 

For breid & wyne & wasching of ye 

altar claytis .... iiij s 

To Patric Bannatyne his all hallow- 
mas fie ..... x s 

The expensis on Sanct Eloyis Day 

To ye queir for saule mass and dirge xiiij 5 

ye Sancts mass .... iiij s 

ye great bell .... 

ye orgains ..... 

ye deid bell .... ij j 

Patrik Tod .... 

ye silver schanlars 

For twa taucht candell . 

To vj preists by ye queir yat said 

mass at ye altar . . . iij s 
Sir William yat day . . . ij s 

ye boy of ye altar . . . viij d 

To ye boyis yat sing ye antone . viij d 

For ane skaimge (skein) of threid . iij d 



nij c 



xviij d 
xviij d 



viij a 
viij d 
xij d 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 165 

1557 continued 

For twa great torchis . . . xx s 

twa great candell iij pund wecht . xij s 

four quarter pund candell to ye 

saule mass & dirge . . iiij s 

taucht candell on zuill day . . xij d 

candell to ye first mass . . xij d 

To ye beidmen of ye Magdalene 
Chapell of ye martimess annuell 
of Nedrie Wynd . . . iiij merks 

Sir William all hallowmoss fie . ij merks 

For breid & wyne & wesching of ye 

altar claytis yis q r . . . iiij s 

Given to ye masonis for ye byggin 
of ye litill hous in ye Magda- 
lene Chapell for keping of some 
tabells & other things, for stonis 
cairt hyre ane workmanschip . vij lib 

To Johne Johnstoun for his candel- 

mas fie . . . . . x s 

Sir William for his candelmas fie . ij merks 

Given for breid wyne & wesching of 

ye altar claytis yis quarter . iiij s 

For vij choppinis of oil to ye lamp . ix s iiij d 

To Alex r Kyng and another man of 
law for ye lawbory done to us 
anent ye lowsing of ye land 
pertaining to ye Magdalene 
Chapell . . . . .xx s 

For making of ye binks in ye Mag- 
dalene Chapell . . . xx s 

To Johne Johnstoun for his Beltane 

fie x s 



166 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

155 7 continued 

To Sir William for his Beltane fie . ij merks 

For breid wyne & wesching of ye 

altar clayts yis quarter . . iiij s 
Given to ane man of law to prosecute 

mair agains Alex r Grolok & 

decrees & writtings maid in 

yis q r ..... x s 

for acts & documents in ye Tolbuith 

to man of law to cause unfreed- 

mens merkat remove . . x s 

To Patr c Bannatynes wif at ye 

maisteris comand . . . xvj s 
Given for ane writting yat was maid 

in pre e of James Zoung . . xij s 
for acts and documents & writtings 

given in Sanct Gellis Kyrk ye 

tyme Lord Hamyltouns man 

ye money for documents, 

extracts & writtings . . iiij s 

For ye gaddering of ye last extent . v s 

Thomas Pettygrewis extent because 

ye Lords dischargit hym . iiij s 

mending of some auld walx at 

witsunday & Sanct Gelis day . viij s 
Restand awand ane of ye last zeirs 

comptis ..... iij lib ij s 

The compt and rekning beand maid in pre e of ye 
maisteris all things beand allowid ye said Johne 
Rynd restis awand to ye craft xx lib by ye x lib yat 
yai haif forgevin hym yis xx lib to be payit at 
michelmass. 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 167 

155 7 continued 

[The foregoing includes the last detailed statement 
of the connection of the Hammermen of Edinburgh 
with the altar and service of Sanct Eloi in S* Giles' 
Kirk] 

1558 

The third day of May ye zeir of God i m v c 
Iviij zeirs James Mure was chosing dekin to ye 
Hamermen in Ed r be full election of ye haill craft 
convenit on Sanct Leonards Craggs and sine 
follows ye dekins resait in ye said zeir 

Item Ressavit fra ane servand of 

David Kellais . . . x s 

Ressavit fra Andro Pumfray in 

complete pay 1 of hys upset and 

due q lk was ordanit him to 

resave of Johne Rynds tyme . vj llb 
Ressavit fra Jonet Grahame of hir 

martimas annuell yat was 

ordanit hym to resave in Johne 

Rynds tyme .... vj s viij d 
Ressavit fra Jonet Grahame hir 

witsunday termis last was . vj s viij d 
Ressavit fra ane servand of Alex r 

Weland .... x s 

Ressavit fra Johne Sprotte for his 

annuell ..... xiiij s 
Ressavit fra Lowrante Muncur in 

complete pay 1 of his upset and 

due ..... viij llb 



i68 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 



155 8 continued 
Item Ressavit fra Johne Cunninghame 

of his annuell in ye hous in 

Nedrie Wynd of in p l payment 

of his witsunday term . . viij merks 
Ressavit fra ane servand of George 

Smalls callet Zoung . . x s 

Ressavit ye offering of Sanct 

Eloyis day gadderit be Johne 

Wat hym allane (alone) . . xij s 
Ressavit fra ane servand of Johne 

Wat callit Bobok x s 

Ressavit Johne Sprottes annuell of 

martimas terme . . . vij s 
Ressavit fra Robert Abercrombies 

for his value because he wald 

not procur (serve) on Sanct 

Eloyis day .... xij s 
Ressavit fra ane servand of Andro 

Hunters callet William Robert- 

soun ..... x s 

Ressavit fra Adame Grahames 

annuell of his martimas terme . vj s viij d 
Ressavit fra Andro Turnebell for 

upset & due .... ix lib 
Ressavit fra Johne Cunninghame 

in part of payment of his 

martimas annuell . . . iiij merks 

Ressavit fra James Ranald in 

complet payment of his upset 

and due . . . . vj 

Ressavit fra Adam Fairlie in 

complet p l of his upset & due viij 1 



lib 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 169 



continued 
Item Ressavit fra Cuthbert Burrell for 

his due & upset xl s 

Ressavit fra Andro Huth eor for 

his due & upset in complete 

payment .... ix hbs 
Ressavit ye annuells of ye Castle- 

hill ye martimas & witsunday 

termes ..... xxx s 
Ressavit fra ane boy of Johne 

Allans ..... v s 

Ressavit fra Ninyne Davidsoun in 

complete p* of upset and due . xl s 
Ressavit fra Johne Cunninghame 

in complet payment of his 

witsunday and martimas 

annuell ..... viij merks 
Ressavit William Rais prentes 

callit Wemes .... xx s 

The Dekin rests awand xl lib quilk he delevered 
to James Cranstoun dekin & to ye maisteris quilk 
was put in ye box w* certane pleas of others 
The sext day of Jan y a d j m v c & lix zeir 
James Mure dekin in ye Iviij zeir made his 
generall compt in prescence of ye haill masteris of 
all thyngs intromettit with be hym of ye craftis 
common guids and thai instantdly hes deschairgit 
hym yerof be y r Pre s & yay requirit ane instrument 
fra me William Bannatyne 

[This is the whole information given in the year 
1558 and is the last minute signed by the above 
William Bannatyne.] 



1 70 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1559 

James Cranstoun Dekin in a d c ye lix zeir 
James Cranstoun of his awne comp* gotin up be 
hymself xxxj libs xx d 

[The above lines are all that is given in the 
manuscript for this year. No mention is found of 
the election of a new Deacon showing that their 
procedure had been interfered with by the disturbed 
condition of the town incident upon the Reformation.] 



1560 

Williame Harlaw Dekyn ano j m v c Ix yeir 
The exonaratioun of Williame Harlais haill zeir 

Item Imprimus to Robert Adamesoun 

for his livera elates . . xl s 

To ye beidmen .... xvj s viij d 

To Mungo Huitt for loikes, keis, 

to ye Magdalen Chapell . . vj s viij d 

For ruschis (rushes) . . . xij d 

For naills to ye Magdalen Chapell xij d 

To Andro Gottson for ye bell . x lib viij s 
For ane stryng to ye bell . . iiij s 

For ane papor buik (book) . . ij s 

To George Smaill to bring S r 
Thomas Williamsoun out of 
Roslin prision . . . ij s 

Given to Edward Hop for ye rest 

of ane stent .... x lib 
To Sir William Bannatyne . v lib vj s 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 171 

1 560 continued 
Item To Robert Adameson officor 

for his four quarters fees . . xl s 
For Ruschis .... xij d 

To ye xij maisteris y l browcht in 

ye quart comptes for drynk . iiij s 
For ane half dosin (dozen) of dails 

(deals) ..... xxiij 5 
For ye lettren (lectern) . . xl s 
To George Baxter wry* for ye 

formeis (forms) of ye Mag- 
dalen Chapell and ye wark- 

manschip yat was about ye 

said chapal .... xx s 
To Johne Froge xl s 

To ye beidmen xj s 

For ye bogin (building) up of ye 

west window .... iiij s 
To William Barbor for his all- 

hallowis candilmas & beltane 

termes ..... xxx s 
To William Scot xl s 

To ye officor for wairning anent 

Johne Symes plea ... x s 

To William Stewart to seik out ane 

aid stent .... x s 

To Johne Rynd .... x lib 
For acts ..... v s 

To Mungo Huitt for ane loik to 

ye zaird dur .... iiij s 
Given for acts agains James Muir . iij s 
to ye common officor for my 

zeir & James Cranstoun . . iiij 3 



i;2 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 560 continued 

Item To Alex r Guthrie for ye register- 
ing of ane contracit betwix us 
and William Creyton & for ye 
making of ye samyn . . x s 

To Alex r Law not ry betwix us & 

William Creyton ... v s 

For ye drawing out of acts pertain- 
ing to ye common officer . x s 

For bent to ye chapell ... x d 

ane kei (key) to ye quoir dur . xviij d 

To ye officor yat wairnit James Muir ij s 

For Drynk quhen William Creyton 

gat ye land .... xij s 

The viij day of October in ye zeir of God ano 
jm y c th r { e sco i r yeirs 

The quhilk day above written ye Dekin William 
Harlow & the haill maist 8 beand gadderit in ye 
Magdalen Chapell rypelly advisit all in ane vote 
ordains y l yair sail be na Indenture bill or acts maid 
by William Barbour yair minister of ye Magdalen 
Chapell & collector to ye beidmen & gif yat ye said 
maisteris makes ony by he sail have suchlyke payit 
as he had maid yame himself 

Signed William Barbour scribe to ye Hammermen 
of Edinbur 1 

Apud Hospitall duma Magdalen before certane 
of ye maisteris on ye xij day of November in ye 
zeir of God j m v c thrie scoir zeir 

The quilk day above written ye Dekin and haill 
maisteris of ye Hammermen of Ed r has chosin 
elecket & nominat William Barbour yair ministir, 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 173 



1 560 continued 

collector of attour & doar to yame & ye beidmen 
of ye said Hospitall, giff and granted & comittand 
to him yair full power, express bodin, & comand 
in yair & ye said beidismonis To uptak lift craif 
& ressaive all & sundry annuells, mails & dewties 
pertaining to ye said hospitell all & sundry sommes 
for ye samyn afor ye provest & baillies of Edin r 
or ony other judges To call fallow & pursue agains 
ony in oure & ye beidmanis namis and to mak a 
godli use of ye office of procurator 



The haill maisteris 
comptis all iiij s each 
David Adamesoun 
Thomas Pategrew 
Thomas Hume 
Andro Hamiltoun 
Johne Banks 
James Cranstoun 
Johne Hadnay 
William Ra 
George Watsoun 
Alex r Scot 
Robert Thomson 
James Ranald 
Martyn Adamesoun 
George Smy* 
Robert Abercromy 
Johne Muir 
George Small 
Andro Pumfra 
James Huitt 



nameis yat pais quarter 

James Fressell 
Johne Rynd 
James Muir 
Adam Fairlie 
David Layng 
Johne Thomsoun 
Thomas Wyndigate 
Thomas Tod 
John Wilsoun 
James Zoung 
Walter Wrycht 
Nicol Purves 
Johne Calderwod 
Adam Ranaldsoun 
Alex r Pumfra 
Thomas Hannay 
Johne Cornall 
Johne Robesoun 
Thomas Purves 



174 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

1 560 continued 

Cuthbert Burral William Scot 

George Ramsay Edward Muyr 

Alex r Williamsoun Adam Wintyn 

Andro Chrochan William Lorymor 

Alex r Thomsoun William Liddell 

Thomas Leychheris Johne Haldane 

William Forest Robert Glasfurd 

John Gilleis William Smy* 

David Kello Johne Menzeis 

Andro Huitt Mathow Wyndgats 

George Dawgleish Johne Smy* 

Thomas Purves Georg Liddall 

Alex r Kennady Andro Gottsoun 

William Brokas Johne Wat 

Mungo Huitt William Wyndgats 

Johne Hopp Patrik Andsoun 

Johne Watsoun James Clark 

The nameis of ye hammermen that are deid, 
absent, or deprivat, for ye zeir of God 1568 

Robert West absent in Ingland 1568 

Robert Thomsoun deprivat 1569 

Andro Pumfray deid 1570 

Andro Cornall armorar absent 1572 

George Watsoun deid 1572 

Johne Johnestoun eldar slain 1572 

James Ranald absent 1572 

George Smyt Saidlar deid executet in ye Castell 

1573 

George Dawgleish Lorimer beidman deprivit 1568 
& deid 1573 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 175 

Johne Ranald bukelmakar slain 1573 

Johne Cathcart cutlar absent 1569 

Edward Wilsoun Armorar absent 1573 

James Purves blaksmy 1 deid 1574 

Adam Wynton loksmy 1 deid 1574 

William Smyt deprivit 1574 

William Craig peuterer absent in Ingland 1574 and 

returned and went to Flanderis with others 

callit to ye weirs 1578 
George Liddall absent in Hadingtoun 1574 
Andro Gottsoun loksmy t absent in Newbottle 1574 

deprivat beidman 1578 
Edward Zoung Lorimer deid 1574 
Alex r Scot saidlar deid 1574 

James Cuthbertoun loksmy 1 absent 1574 deid 1575 
Alex r Sandersoun blaksmyt in Pleasants absent 

1574 

Robert Forsyt blaksmyt deid 1576 
Walter Wyt cutlar absent in ye Cangaitt 1575 
David Kello deid 1576 

Robert Purves cutlar absent 1575 hame again 1578 
George Trycht absent 1578 
Patrik Ander deid 1575 
William Harlaw Saidlar deid July 1578 
George Barber armorar absent to ye wairs in Flanderis 

1575 deid 1576 

Thomas Leychheris blaksmyt deid in Jan y 1575 
Andro Huthsoun Lorimer deid in Aprell 1577 
Thomas Broun lorimer deid in May 1577 
Mungo Huitt loksmy 1 deid in 1577 
Andro Abercromie saidlar absent 1576 
Robert Broun Lorimer deprivat 1578 
Johne Hopp loksmy 4 deprivat 1578 



176 THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 

Johne Calderwod saidlar deid 1580 

James Huntar armorar deid in June 1580 

James Ranald saidlar deprivat 1580 

Thomas Purves cutlar beidman 1578 

Cuthbert Burrall lorimer deid in May 1580 

Robert Hadnay absent 1580 

Thomas Cuninghame deprivat 1580 

Charlis Dischtoun saidlar deid in Jan r 1580 

Thomas Purves beidman in Jan r 1580 

James Allan deid 1581 

Robert Thomsoun deid 1581 

Johne Weir youngar deid 1581 

Johne Watsoun deid in Februar 1581 

Johne Craufurd deid 1581 

William Liddall deid xvij July 1582 

Alex r Weyland deid 1582 

Walter Carmichael deid 1582 

James Softlaw armorar deid in ye pest vj July 1585 

Johne Denmod saidlar deid xj July 1585 

The rentall pertanand to ye Dekin and bred r of 
Hammermen of Edingburt in 1560 

Thyr are the guds & geire pertanand to the 
Dekin & bred r of Hammermen The quhilk the 
Dekin sail be chairget y l with 

Imprimis ye Common buik, ye common box with 
thrie keis, with the writts within ye samyn 

Item ane instrument of sasene of xxx s of annuell 
beand on ye north syde of ye Castlehill 

ane charter & instrument of sasene of Johne 
Sprotts land of xiiij 8 beand in Mares Wynd 

ane charter & instrument of sasene of Robert 



THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH 177 

Scheirsmy 1 land of xiij s & iiij d beand in Mares 
Wynd 

Item ane charter & instrument of sasene of James 
Huedsouns land of xx s the quhilk was twa 
merks & defalkit half ane merk because ye land 
was brynt (burnt) 

ane instrument of sasene of Scheirsmy* land of 
v s 

ane instrument of sasene of umquill George 
Fulfurds and ane charter of ye samyn land 

ane instrument of sasene of xvij merks out of 
Johne Cunninghams land beand in Nedres 
Wynd with other overdues pertanand to ye 
said land kept in ane pot of threid 

Thrie seills of cause pertanand to ye said Ham- 
mermen 

ane instrument of sasene of twa merks of annuell 
beand out of Mas 1 Johne Fischers land begot- 
ten or furth for ane saull mass & dirge for 
Christofer Wyntoun 

Ita est William Barbour 
Notary Publices 



M 



APPENDIX 



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APPENDIX 

A. Seal of Cause granted 2d May 1483 * 

Till all and sindrie quhais knawledge thir present 
lettres salcum, Sir Patrik Baroun of Spittalfield 
knycht and proves! of Edinburgh, Patrik Balbyrnie 
of that ilk, Dauid Craufuird of St Gely Grange, and 
Archibald Todrik, baillies of the said burgh, with the 
consent and advyse of the counsall of the samyn, 
greting, Forsamekill as the hedismen and maisteris 
of the Hammermen craft, bayth blaksmythis, gold- 
smythis, lorymeris, saidlaris, cutlaris, buclar makaris, 
armoreris, and all vtharis, within the said burgh of 
Edinburgh, the day of the daitt of thir present lettres, 
presentit thair bill of supplicatioun till ws beseikand 
reformatioun and remeid of the greitt iniuris and 
skaythis done to thame, as was contenit in thair said 
bill, of the quhilkis thair followis a pairt, that thair- 
throw the said iniuris and vtharis may be eschewit 
in tyme to cum, sen thay depend thairvpoun, and 
in lyikwis vpoun the honor and worschip of the said 
burgh, als weill as vpoun thair singular availl and 
proffit : In the first thair complaint buir and specifyit 
that thay war rycht havely hurt and put to greit 
poverty throw the doun cumming of the blak money, 
walking [and] warding, and in the payment of 3eldis 

1 We give this document as it appears in " Extracts from the Records 
of the Burgh of Edinburgh, " vol. i. 



1 82 APPENDIX 

and extentis quhilkis thay war compellit to do be 
vse, and to be compellit thairto be our Lordis autho- 
ritie mandimentis and chargis, and in lyik wyis that 
thay wer havely hurt be the dayly mercat maid 
throu the hie streitt in cramis, and on the baksyde 
the toun in bachling of hammermenis werk pertening 
to thame of thair craft, in greit dishonour to the 
burgh, and inbraking of the auld gude rule and 
statutes of thair craft, and vpoun vther skathis that 
thay sustenit in defalt of reformatioun. We heirfoir, 
havand etc., till equitie and Justice of remeid, con- 
sidering weill thair supplicatioun and iust petitioun 
according to the gud reule of the burgh, haf statute 
and ordanit, and be thir oure letteris statutis and 
ordanis, that na hammerman, maister, feit man, 
servand, nor vtharis, tak vpoun hand fra this tyme 
furth till exerce or vse ony ma craftis bot alanerly 
ane, and to live thairvpoun, sua that his vther brether 
and craftismen of the saidis craftis be not hurt throu 
his large exercitioun and exceding of boundis. Item, 
that thair sail [be] na oppin mercat vsit of ony of 
the saidis craftis, or werk pertening to thame of thair 
craft, vpoun the hie streittis, nor in crammis vpoun 
buirdes, nor bachlit nor schawn in handis, for to sell 
in na pairt foir nor baksyde within this burgh, bot 
alanerly on the mercat day. Item, that upoun ilk 
Settirday efternone tua or thre of the worthiest 
maisters and maist of knawledge of the saidis craftis 
quhilk sail haif powar with ane officiar with thame 
to pas serch and se all mennis work of the said 
craftis, gif it be sufficient in stuff and workmanschip 
gude worth and hable work to serve the Kingis 
liegis with and quhair it beis fundin faltiue to forbid 



APPENDIX 183 

the samyn to be sauld vnder the pane of escheitt 
as oft as it happinis to be fundin faltiue. Item, that 
all vnfre hammermen baith buith-halderis and vtharis 
fra this tyme furth cum to the maisteris of the saidis 
craftis or he be maid maister, to be examinat gif he 
be worthy thairto, and than he to be maid freman gif 
he beis fundin sufficient, and do his dewty to the toun 
and craft and to the altar as vtharis dois, and set up 
buith, and gif he beis sufficient in his craft, and not 
of powar to mak his expenssis hastely vpoun his 
fredome, he sail bruk the priuiledge of a stallanger 
for ane yeir and na langar, and all vtharis that ar 
vnfre, not examinit nor worthy to hald buiths, sail 
either be prentis to a maister for certan yeiris, or 
ellis, gif he be aigit, to be a feit man with a maister, 
and not to laubour his awn werk vnto the tyme that 
he be habill and worthie to be maister and do his 
dewtie thairfoir as said is. Item, it sail not be 
lauchfull to ony maister of the saidis crafts to ressett 
or resaif ane vthar mannis prentis as servand, nor gif 
him ony werk, sa lang as he is bunden to his maister 
at he cummis fra, and beis payit of his dewtie and 
fee. Item, that na commoun cramaris in the toun 
vse to sell or tapp ony hammermenis werk, nor regrat 
it agane till vthar mennis vse, and that all thir 
craftismen abouewritten sail convene quhen thame 
lykis, and to commoun vpoun the breking of thir 
statutes aboue exprimit, and to certifie the provest 
and baillies thairof that iustice and pwnitioun may 
be done thairvpoun quhen and how it requyris, and 
that every man brekar of thir forwrittin statutis pay 
for ilkane of thame, als aft as thay happin to be 
brokin, in his defalt pay viij s. to the reparatioun and 



1 84 APPENDIX 

habillimentis of thair altar, and specially that all men 
of the said craftis do and fulfil thair auld consuetude 
and vse to the vphald of devyne service at the said 
altar weikly and daly, and to the priest craft and 
altar as effeiris. And this till all quhom it efferis 
or may efTer we mak knawin faythfully be thir our 
presentis, to the quhilkis in witnessing we haif gart 
hing our commoun seill of caus at Edinburgh, the 
secund day of May, the yeir of God a thousand four 
hundreth auchty and thre eiris. 



B. Seal of Cause, granted \2th April 1496 

Till all and sundrie quham it efferis quhais knaw- 
lage thir present lettres sal to cum Androu Bertrem, 
provest of Edinburgh, George Edwardson, Johne of 
Levingtoune, Alexander Craufurd, James Aikman 
and Johne Bissat, balzeis of ye said burgh greting Ffor 
samekill as ye heidismen and maisteris of ye Hammyr- 
men craft, baith blaksmytis, goldsmythis, lorymeris, 
sadlaris, cutlaris, buklar makaris, armouraris, peudraris 
and all utheris within ye said burgh has humyly menyt 
and schawin baith to our souerane lord ye king and to 
us ye gret skaith, lak and iniurie done to yame and ye 
gret dampnage hurt and prejudice done to our souerane 
lordis realm and liegis in thir points yat efter folowis 
throu ye quhilk ye saidis craftismen ar heryit and 
put to poverte besekand our souerane lordis guid 
grace and us in his name of remed and reformacioun 
y r of, and to set sic statutes and wayis y r upon yat ye 
saidis dampnage lak and iniurie may be eschewit and 
ye said craft of hammyrmen equercit in tyme cuming 
to ye honour of our souerane lord and his realm and 



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APPENDIX 185 

to ye wele and proffit of ye saidis craftismen and 
all vtheris his liegis yat is to say. In ye first yat ye 
said craft is abusit and ye maisteris and hedismen 
y r of gretlie skaithit be ye daily mercat maid in 
cremyis and be vile personis throu ye hie streitt and 
on ye bak half of ye toune in bachlyng of ye ham- 
myrmenis wark and yair craft in lak and dishonouring 
of our said burgh and in breking of ye guid reuel 
lovable in aid statutis maid diveris tymes y r upon of 
befor. 

We heirfor understanding ye resonable supplica- 
tioune and just peticioune of ye saidis craftismen 
desyring to set remeid and do justice y r intill to ye 
honour of ye said burgh and qumone wele of ye said 
craftismen and yis hale realm hae, according to our 
souerane lordis writing and chargis to us y r upon, ye 
qumon profBt being always considerit statut devisit 
and ordainit and be yir our present hes statute divisit 
and ordainis yat in tyme cummying yar be na opyn 
merkat maid nor usit be quhatsomevir personis of ony 
wark pertenyng to ye said hammyrmen of yar craft 
in schewing y r of in handis upoun ye hie streit nor 
in cremys na on burdis nor uthir way is within ye 
said burgh nor in yir buthis except alanarly ye 
merkat day. 

Item yat na personis of hammyrmen craft set up 
buth to wyrk within ye said burgh quhil he be maid 
ane freman y r of, and be examynit be thrie of ye 
best maisteris of ye said craft gif he be sufficient 
wyrk and gude and sover wark fyne stuff and habil 
to serve our souerane lord, and his leigis and yen to 
be admittit to set up buth he payand y r for to ye 
uphald of divyne service to be done at Sanct Elois 



186 APPENDIX 

altar and reparacioune of ye ornamentis y r of fourty 
schillings. 

Item every craftisman yat takis ane prenteis to 
teche him ye said craft within ye said burgh sal pay 
for his entrie to ye uphald of ye said altar and orna- 
mentis y r of twenty schillings. 

Yat non of ye saidis craftismen take ony uthir feit 
man to wirk on ye said craft quhil his prenteschip be 
fulfillit and completit under ye paine of Twenty 
schillings. 

Item and yat nane of ye said craftismen ressaue nor 
let wirk within his buth ony man without he be aithyr 
his prentess or feit servand sa yat ye maister of ye 
buth sal answer for his wark and fynness y r of. 

Item yat nane of ye said craftismen, resset, tak, nor 
fee ane uthir mannis prentess nor servand, nor give 
him wark, without it be clerly understand, yat he be 
fre of all uthir mannis service. 

Item upon ilk Settirday efternone yat twa or three 
of ye worthiest masteris and of ye maist knawlage 
of ye said craft chosin y r to be ye hail falouschip 
yai pass with y r officar and serch and se all mennis 
wark of ye said craft gif it be sufficient in stuff and 
warkmanschip guid and habil wark to serve our 
souerane lordis leigis with, and quhair it beis fundyn 
faltive to forbid ye samyn under ye pane of escheting 
y r of als aft as it beis fundyn faltive. 

Item yat all ye craftismen abune writin sal convene 
tyme and place to be thocht expedient als oft as yai 
plese to common upon ye breking of yir statutis 
abune expremyt and to certify ye provest and balzeis 
y r of yat sal be for ye tyme yat reformacioun and 
punicioun may be done y r upon as efferis. 






APPENDIX 187 

Item yat every man brekand of yir forwrityn 
statutis pay for ilk ane of yame als oft as yai happy n 
to be brokyn in his defalt Audit schillings to be 
takin but fauour to ye reparacioun of ye said altar 
and ornamentis y r of. And yat all men of ye said 
craft do and fulfill y r aid use and consuetude in all 
thingis to ye uphald of divyne syruce at ye said altar 
oulkly and daily and ane honorable chaplane y r of 
to yar craft as efferis. And gif ye masteris and hedis- 
men of ye said craft dow nocht yar diligence to caus all 
yir statutis abune writin be observin and kepit and 
ye faltie y r of to be serchit and punyst, yat yai salbe 
correctit and punyst y r for be ye provest and balzeis 
as salbe sene consonant to ressone. And yai to all 
quham it efferis or may effer we mak knawyn faith- 
fully be yir our present lettres. 

And in witnessing y r of we haue at ye command 
of our souerane lord and desyr and request of ye saidis 
craftismen maid our common sele of cause to be 
hungyn to yir presentis. 

At Edinburgh ye xij day of Aprile ye zeir of God 
a thousand four hundreth nynty and sex zeris. 

C. Charter of Foundation of St Eloi's Altar 
in Holy rood A bbey 1535 

To all and sundrie quhosover knolledge thir 
pres s shall come. We Rob* be the permission of God 
Abbot of the Abbey of Halycroce before Edin h 
granting "n God everlasting witness w* various others 
at the day of the date of the making of yir pnt s 

1 This Charter is now, we believe, given for the first time, and is 
probably the earliest document relating to the Incorporation of the 
Hammermen of the Canongate now extant. 



188 APPENDIX 

comperit before be command Joseph Harvie, Deakeen 
and Kirk master of the Hammermen within our 
benefice of the Canongait of our s d Abbey and with 
him certain masters of the Hammermen craft within 
the samen, and exponit to us that first for hallowing 
of God Almightie the owner of the realm the worship 
and profit of our s d King and the profit of all our 
sovereign lordis and other excellencies and for aug- 
mentation of Divine service at ane altar to be biggit 
within our s d abbay q r s l Eloy their patroune willed 
shall stand and of serving ane sufficient craftsmen of 
their occupatioun has devysit & ordanit certain 
good statutis, articles, and rules to be observit and 
keepit amongst them in tyme coming with more that 
is containit in their deed of gift made and given 
them be our baillres and committee of or s d burgh 
under the common seall y r of theirupon and be this 
instrument viz that the hammermen dwell and with- 
in our royaltie in the town of Leith upon the north 
syde of the back of the same in S* Leonards gate and 
besydis our chappell of S l Ninnane of their own 
free willis are content to be in brotherhood and 
fellowship with the s d Deaken & m rs of the s d 
hammermen craft within or s d burgh and to pay 
their dues with them & uphalding of divine service 
and to the s d altar to be bigit such lyke as they shall 
do. Theirfore were given and granted and be thir pnt s , 
for we and our successors freelie gives and grants full 
freedom and licence to the s d Deaken & to the s d 
Mas ers of the s d hammermen craft and their suc- 
cessors qu lk for the tyme shall be, to receive and 
uptake from all manner of persons of hammermen in- 
habitantis y r upon our said toune of Leith S* Leonards 



APPENDIX 189 

gate and all others of inhabitants y r in the barony of 
Brutoune siklyke professions and vocations shall be 
conveenit, in their s d letter made y r upon but only 
or impediment, and if new laws be contained and 
charges made our baillies officers & put 8 of our 
s d barony of Broutoune shall pay and discharge all 
duties in all tyme coming Providing always that the 
said collectors of our s d abbay. as principall funders 
of them, and the money to be allowit be the s d Deaken 
and M rs of the craft be bairit upon the restitution and 
uphalding of the s d altar chappellanes and divine 
service to be done y r at our serand or will. 

In witness of the quilk forgoing pnt s our sub n (viz.) 
our hands & our seall to the signing at or s d Abbay the 
fifteen day of august the yeir of god one thousand five 
hundred and thirty five years before thir witnesses 
George Steill. Maister Andrew Childer, Gierge 
Mayne, James Bell, Sir Constantine a Hannay and 
Alex r M c Neill sic Subf 

R. ABBAT S T CRUCIS l 

1 Robert Cairncross, who signed this deed, was the last of the 
Abbots of Holyrood. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



INDEX 

\The object of this Index being to assist genealogists, the modern surname 
where necessary has been inserted, after which the references in archaic 
spelling are grouped. ] 



ABBO, Goldsmith of Limoges, xvi. 

Abercromby Andro Abercromie, 
175 ; Mr Johne Abercrombie, 
159, (Abercromby) 163 ; Robert 
Abercrombies, 168, (Abercromy) 

173- 

Adamson David Adamesoun, 173 ; 
Georg Adamson, 59 ; Martyn 
Adamesoun, 173 ; Robert Adame- 
soun, 170, (Adamsoun) 171 ; 
William Adamson, 17, 21, (Adam- 
soun) 28. 

Aikman, James, xviii, xlii, 184. 

Alexander John Aloxrson, 19, 
(Alexsvon) 20, (Alexersoun) 29, 
(Alex'), 45. 

Allan James Allan, 176 ; Johne 
Allan, 169. 

Anderson Gilbert Anderson, 85; 
Patrik Andsoun 174, (Ander) 175. 

Arkill, Walter, 2, 8, n, 12, 17. 

Arnold, Duke of Gueldres, xi. 

Arnot Ando Arnot, 59 ; Thomas 
Arnot, 69, loo, 119. 

Arran, James, Earl of, Ixxxiv, 77, 
134, 138, 150. 

Auldjoy, William (Deacon), xcii, 
20, 22, 29, 31. 

BALBYRNIE, Patrik of that ilk, 
Bailie, 181. 

Balmain. See Belmann. 

Banks, Johne, 173. 

Bannatyne Johne Bannatyne, 131 ; 
Patrik Bannatyne, 149, 156, 159, 
162, 163, 164, 166 ; William 
Banantin, 29 ; Sir William Banna- 
tyne, xxxix, xlvi, 116, 117, 131, 
144, 146, 147, 159, 160, 161, 164, 
165, 166, 169, 170. 

N 



Barbour George Barber, 175 ; Iso- 
bell Barbar, 158 ; Sir William Bar- 
bour (first minister installed in the 
Magdalen Chapel), 171, 172, 173, 
177. 

Barclay William Barklay, 87, 
(Berclay) 130. 

Barron, Sir James, 68 ; James Bar- 
roun, 125 ; Sir Patrik Baroun of 
Spittalfield, knight, 181. 

Baucer, Thomas, 5. 

Baxter, George, 171. 

Bell, James, 189; Jonet Bell, 142, 143. 

Belmann, Thomas, 118. 

Bertram, Provest Andro, xlii ; 
Androu Bertrem, 184. 

Bigholm, Pait, 36. 

Binning. See Byning. 

Bird. See Bryde. 

Birrell. See Burrell. 

Bisset, John, xlii ; Johne Bissat, 184. 

Black Andro Blak, 20, 28, 32; 
James Blak, Ixi, 90. 

Blackburn Andro Blakburn, 20, 29. 

Black Friars, 12, 15, 28, 43, 47, 99, 
161. 

Blackstock Mr Andro Blakstok, 

"5- 

Bobbo, treasurer of Clothair II,, 

xvi. 

Bobok, servand of Johne Wat, 168. 
Borthwick, John, 34 ; John of 

Couchwik, 25, 28. 
Bow, James, 17 ; Sandre Bow, 32. 
Bowok, Andro, 29. 
Boyd, John, 37 ; Boyd ye fidlare, 48. 
Braneverd, Jameis, Ixi. 
Brokas William Brokes, 130, 

(Brokis) 148, (Brokas) 158, 162, 

174. 

193 



194 



INDEX 



Broughton Barony of Brutoune and 
Broutoune, 189. 

Brown Robert Broun, 175 ; Thomas 
Broun, 5, 8, 10, n, 12, 13, 15, 20, 
175; Sir William Brown, xxxix, 
xliii, xliv, xlv, 33, (Brouan) 34, 

35. 38, 39. 44. 47. 48, 5. 57, S*> 

60, 61, 65, 70, 71, 72. 
Brownhill Mr Andro Brunhill, in. 
Bryde, Robin, 20. 
Burn Thomas Burin, 28, (Burne) 

69, 70, 73. 74- 
Burrell Andro Buroll, 2, (Burrell) 

8, n, 12, (Burell) 28, (Burrol) 32; 

Cuthbert Burrell, 169, (Burral) 

174, 176. 
Byning Johne Byuyin, 20, 21, 29; 

Robert Byning, 131 ; Walter 

Bynyne, 119, (Byninying) 141, 142, 

143- 

CAIRNCROSS, Robert, Abbot of Holy- 
rood, 187, 189. 

Cairns, Johne, 153. 

Calbiring, Willi, 16. 

Calderwood, Johne, 158, (wod) 173, 
176. 

Canongait, 55, 65, 94, 175, 188. 

Carmichael, Walter, 176. 

Carmour Andro Carmvortht, 105 ; 
James Carwour, 45 ; Maist r James 
Carmovre, 80 ; Pat k Carwour, 46. 
See Crawford. 

Carrubbors, Johnne, 105. 

Castlehill, 57, 94, 101, 107, 135, 140, 
155, 157, 169, 176. 

Cathcart, Johne, 175. 

Cathkin. See Cochrane. 

Caurror, John, 36. 

Chalind, Alex r , 86 ; James Chalind, 

X 5- 

Chalmers, Alex', 36. 
Chambers, D r William, Ixii. 
Chamlett William Chamlat, 117, 

(Chamlett) 135 ; Chamlett's Lands, 

I SS> I 57- 

Chapel of Our Lady, 67. 
Chapman, William, 118. 
Chatto, Sir Andro, 40. 
Chepman, Walter, xlviii. 
Childer, Maister Andrew, 189. 
Chossing, Thomas, 105. 
Clark, James, 174 ; Johne Clerk, 130. 
Clement VII., Pope, Ix. 
Clofas the Buzoon-player, 27, 30, 32. 



Clothair II., King of France, xvi. 

Cochrane Alexand. Cauchkrin, n, 
12, 13, 15, (Cauchran) 17 ; Allane 
Cothram (Deacon), xcii, (Aland 
Cochrand) 2, (Alain Cauchkrin) 12, 
(Cochrain) 17, (Cauchran) 28, 32, 
(Allan Cothram) 40, (Allain Coch- 
rain) 42, 43, 44, (Alain Cothrand) 
48, (Allain Cothran) 50, (Alain 
Cothran) 56, 64, 71 ; Andrew 
Caithkin, Ix, (Caithking) Ixi, 
(Andro Cathkin) xcii, 60, 62, 
(Andre Cauchkryn) i, (Andro 
Cauchkrin) 20, 28, 45, 53, 
64, (Cathkrin) 49, (Kachkrin) 77, 
80, (Chrochan) 174 ; John Coch- 
rane, Ixiii, (Cochranes) 154 ; 
Robyne Cothrone, 126 ; Symon 
Cauchran, 20 ; William Caruakin, 
20. 

Cockburn Johne Cokburn, 20. 

Cocker James Cokkor, 104. 

Cook Johne Couk, 160. 

Cornall, Andro, 174 ; Johne Cornall, 

173- 

Corry, Adam, 48. 

Couch wik, John of, 25, 28. See 
Borthwick. 

Coutts, William, 125. 

Cow, Alexr, 20. 

Cowgate, 107. 

Craig, William, 175. 

Cranston George Cranstoun, 127 ; 
James Cranstoun, xciii, 139, 149, 
158, 169, 170, 171, 173; Pat k 
Cranstone, 135. 

Crawford Alex r Crawfurd, xlii, 
(Craufurd) 184 ; Andro Craufurd, 
37; David Craufurd,xlvi, 27,(Crauf- 
ford) 59, 65, 66 ; David Craufuird 
of St Gely Grange, 181 ; James 
Crawfurd, 90 ; Sir James Crau- 
furd, 146 ; Johne Craufurd, 176 ; 
Pat k Craufurd, 20, 29 ; Sande 
Craufurd, 103 ; Thomas Crauford. 
26, (Craufurd) xcii, 32, 80, 81 ; 
Crauford (Servand), 95 ; Craufard, 
96 ; Craufurd, 99, 102, 105, 109, 
no, in (Officer to ye toun). 

Crerek, Margaret M., xl. 

Crechton, Alex. , xviii ; William 
Creyton, 172. 

Crmygaland, Sir William, 38. 

Croftis, William, 91. 

Cuclar, Robert, 32. 



INDEX 



195 



Cudell, Sir Johnne, Ixi. 
Cunningham Johne Cunningham, 

162, 168, 169, 177 ; Thomas Cun- 

inghame, 176. 
Curbertoun, James, 175. 

DALGLEISH George Dalgleis, 107, 
130, 148, (Dalgleisch) 158, (Daw- 
gleish) 174 ; William Douglich, 
17, (Daucjleict) 20, (Dauglech) 29, 
(Dawgleiss) 52, 69. 

Dalrymple Adam Dalrymple, xvii ; 
David Dalrymple, xvii, xl ; 
Elizabeth Dalrymple, xvii ; Isa- 
bella Dalrymple, xvii ; John (de) 
Dalrymple, xvi, xvii, xviii, xix, 
xl, xli; Will. Dalrumpill, xxix, 
16, 19, 24, 26, 33, 35. 

Darrocht, James, 78. 

Dauphin, The Dolphin of France, 
65. 

David Mathow Dauid, i, 6, 7, 8, 
(Dauiud) 2, n. 

Davidson Ninyne Davidson, 163, 
(Davidsoun) 169 ; William David- 
soun, 29 ; Javidson, 26. 

Dene of Gild, 58, 90, 103. 

Denmod, Johne, 176. 

Dewar, Archibald, Ixxxiii, (Denror) 
Ixxxvi, 161. 

Dickson Edward Dilksoune, 119 ; 
Gylbert Dikson, 105, 130 ; Symon 
Diksone, 134. 

Dik, ane callit, 140. 

Dischtoun, Charlis, 176. 

Donaldson, James, 154 ; Robert 
Donaldson, 125, 127, 133. 

Douglas, James, xl. 

Dow, Henrie, n, (Dou) 20, (Doo) 29. 

Downie James Downicke, Ixxxiii, 
(Dorverk) 84, (Dorwik) 114, (Dor- 
nick) 130, (Dornwick) 148 ; Johne 
Dornwalk, 17, (Dorwik) 20, 
(Dornwik) 29; Thomas Dorn- 
wik, 13. 

Duffatt, 136. 

Dunfermline Dumferlyng, 72. 

Dunn Robert Dun, 130, (Dunne) 
148. 

Dy, Sando, 82. 

EDGAR, Andro, Ixxxiii. 
Edinburgh Castle, 144, 174. 
Edward Niddy the wappinschaw 
trumpeter, 51. 



Edwardson, George, xlii (Note), 

184. 
Elphinstone, Bishop, xlix ; Wilzam 

Elphynstoun, 73. 
Ewart, Johne, 130. 

FAIRLIE, Adam, 168, 173. 

Farnly, John, xviii ; William, xviii. 

Farule, William, 20. 

Fettes Sir John Fety, liii, Iv ; 

John Fietie, Iv. 
Finlay Johne Finlech, 29. 
Fischer, Mast. Johne, 177. 
Fish Market, 107. 

Folkart Adam, xviii ; Robert, xviii. 
Forbes, Thomas, xl. 
Ford, Adam, 96. 
Fornet, James, Ixxxiii. 
Forrest Thomas Furycht, 32 ; 

William Furycht, 32, (Forrest) 125, 

(Forest) 174. See Frost. 
Forsyth Robert Forsyt, 175. 
Fotheringham Johne Fodderg- 

hame, 112, (Friddingholm) 104, 

(Fothringham) 130. 
Foullar, John, 5 ; Thomas Foular, 

41. 

Fragnson, Johne, 99. 
Fraser James Frasyr, 130 ; William, 

130. 
Freland, David, 138; Robert Fre- 

land, 130 ; Thomas, 29. 
Frissell Sir David Frussel, xl ; 

James Fressall, 148, (Fressell) 

158, 173; William Frussell, 112, 

(Frissell) 126, 129, (Fressell) 135. 
Frog, Gavin, 95, (Gawane) 130 ; 

Johne Frog, xcii, 78, 81, 89, 90, 

105, 107, 130, 144, 148, 158, 171. 
Frost, William, 148, 151. 
Fular, Johnn, 80. 

Fulfurd, George, 2, n, 12, 13, 177. 
Fur, James, 20. 



GALLOWAY, Alexander, xviii. 
Gavin Pait Govuin, 121. 
Gibsonne, Sir William, 133. 
Gilbert, Johne, 139. 
Gill, Gillies John Gillis, 



(Gilleis) 174; PaitGyll, 105, 



148, 
Peter 



118, 119, 130, (Gill) 148, Gillis 
159 ; William Gilles, 20, Gillis 
29. 

Gilzaun, 3, (Gelzaun) 15, 3o,(Gilzand) 
23, 32, (Gilzeaun) 16. 



196 



INDEX 



Glado, Sir Symon, 73. 

Glasgow, 118, 142; Chancellor of, 
65, 66. 

Glassford Robert Glassiner, 130, 
(Glasfurd) 149, 174, (Glassfurd) 
157 ; Symon Glasfurd, 28, (Glas- 
sinder) 20. 

Goodson Andro Gottson, 170 ; 
Andro Gottsoun, 174, 175. 

Gould, S. Baring, xvi. 

Graham Adame Grahame, 168 ; 
David Graham, 156, 157 ; James 
Graham, 20, 29, 56, (Gramys 
wyfe) 23 ; John Gram, 95, (Grame) 
io7,(Grhame) 117; Jonet Grahame, 
167 ; Robert Graham, liii ; William 
Grahaym, 149 ; Grahamis lands, 
155. 

Gray, Alex., 2, (Grais wyfe) 23, 50, 
(Grawis) i49,(Grewd) i58,(Grolok) 
162, 1 66 ; Sir Andro Gray, 119, 
125 ; Robert Gray, 6 ; Grayis 
Clois, 95. 

Gray Friars, 97, 99, 104, 106. 

Gray Sisters, 52. 

Guise, Duke of, xlvi. 

Guthrie, Alex., 172. 

Gyler, Sir Johnne, 92, 93, 94, 
96. 

Gyralaw, William, xlvi, (Gyrulau) 



HADDINGTON Hadingtoun, 134, 

175- 

Hadnay. See Hannah. 

Hailes, David, 10, (Halise) 20, 
(Halik) 20, (Halis) 29. 

Haldane, Johne, 174 ; Thomas 
Heldane, 136, (Holdane) 148, 150. 

Haliburton, George, Lord, xviii. 

Hall, Thomas, 124. 

Hamilton Adam Hamiltone, 134 ; 
Allan Hamiltoun, 149 ; Andro 
Hamyltoun, xciii, i56,(Hamiltoun) 
149, 173 ; David Hamyltoun, 130 ; 
Lord Hamyltoun, 166. 

Hannah or Hannay Johne Adhnay, 
12, (Ahadnay) 148, 156, 157, 
(Ahnadnay) 152 ; Johne Hadnay, 
118,126,131, 173; Robert Hadnay, 
176 ; Sir Constantine a Hannay, 
189, Thomas Hannay, 173. 

Harcus James Harcaris, xviii. 

Harlaw, William, xciii, 148, 158, 
170, 172, 175. 



Hart, James, 20, 29. 
Harvie, Joseph, 188. 
Haustin, Gerrard de, Iviii, (Haustan) 

I 3> J 4- 
Hay, Robin, 6, 30, 32, (Hayn) 48, 

(Heigh) 29. 
Heirsoun, Adam, 149. 
Henderson Sir Eduard Henrisoun, 

liii, Iv ; James Henresone, 163 ; 

John Hendsoun, 21, (Hender- 

soun) 29. 

Herod, 33, 40, 60. 
Hewitt. See Huitt. 
Hislop, Adam, 131, (Heselehop) 

117, (Hosleht) 149. 
Hogg (Jakis or Jaqueis), Ixx, 86, 87, 

9. 95. 99, 105, 108, (Hog) 143, 

144, (Hogg) 151 see JAKIS ; 

Robert Hog, 151. 
Holyrood Abbey, 40, 42, 44, 49, 187, 

1 88 ; Abbot of, 187, 189. 
Hone, William, Ixvi. 
Hope Edward Hop, 170; Johnne 

Hopper, 107, 130, 148, 158; 

Johne Hopp, 174, 175. 
Howing, Alex., 34. 
Howison, Alex., 51, (Howisioun) 53, 

62, 63, (Sande) 64 ; James Hued- 

soun, 177. 
Hoy, Gilbert, 121. 
Huitt, Andro, 174, (Huth) 169; 

James Huitt, 173, Mungo Huitt, 

170, 171, 174, 175. 
Hume, Andro, xcii, 74, (Hovume) 

49 ; Thomas Hvme, 94, (Hume) 

130, 148, 158, 173. See Howing. 
Hunter, Andro, 158, 168 ; James 

Hunter, 148, 158, 176 ; Johne 

Huntur, xcii, (Huntar) 78, 82, 

(Hunter) 130, 147, 149; Mungo 

Hunter, xciii, 108, 120, 122, 127, 

128, 129, 130, 135, 141, 142, 145, 

148, 149, 153, 158. 
Hutchison Andro Huthsoun, 175 ; 

Robert, Ixxxiii, (Hucheson) 101, 

(Hutheson) 95. 

INCHKEITH Inchkies, 140. 

JAKIS. See Hogg. 
James II., xx. 
James III., liv, Ixxi. 
James IV., 1, 22, 49. 
James V., xlvi, Ixx, Ixxxi, Ixxxiv, 75, 
80, 86, 87, 108. 



INDEX 



'97 



James VI., xc. 

James ye Servand. See JAMES SMYT. 

Jamesoun, William, 20. 

Jaspart, 68, (Jaspairt) 70. 

Jedburght, 138. 

Johnstone James Jonstone, xcii, 

93, 96, 98, (Johnstoun) 78, 81, 94, 
96, 98, 107, no, 138, 140, 142, 
(Jhonstone) 130, (Johnsoun) 131, 
135 ; Johne Johnsoun, 29, (John- 
stoun) 20, 165, 174 ; William 
Johnstoun, 78. 

Jordan, 47, (Jardam) 34. 

KAIPUNT, James, 29, (Kinpovut) 

39- 
Kelly David Kellais, 167, (Kello) 

174, 175. 

Kennedy Alex. Kennady, 174. 
Kers Sir John Kers, 74 ; Robert 

Kreze, 20, (Kerzot) 28. 
Kibbill, John, 20. 
King Alex. Kyng, 162, 165 ; John 

King, 68, 72 ; William King, 52. 
Kinloch, David, Ixxxvi, 161. 
Kirk of Feld, 9, 92. 
Kyle, James, 149. 

LAING, Dr David, xvii ; David 
Layng, 173 ; Edward Laing, 139, 
148 ; James Laing, 112, (Lang) 113. 

Lammas, 120, 132. 

Latham Johne Lathand, 2, (Lech- 
and) n, (Lathom) 13, (Letham) 
xcii, 12, 15, 17, 20, 21, 22, 29, 32, 

43- 

Lauder, James, liii. 

Law, Alex., 172. 

Lawson Sir David Lawsone, 133 ; 

Sir Johne Lawsoun, 120. 
Leadbetter Johne Lycbotor, 90. 
Lees, Dr Cameron, xxv (note). 
Leith, 188, (Lecht) 71, 89, (Leicht) 

94, 113, 118, 137, 148. 
Leth, John, xviii. 

Levington, Johne, xlii ; Johne of 
Levingtoune, 184. 

Lewis. See Loys. 

Leychheris, Thomas, 174, 175. 

Liddell Master George Liddale, 
xviii ; George Liddell, 163, 164, 
(Liddall) 174, 175; Robert Liell, 
20, (Leill) 29 ; William Leddell, 
138, (Liddall) 149, 176 ; (Lyddell, 
158, (Liddell) 174. 



Lindsay, Johnne, no; Lawry 
Lyndsay, 146. 

Linlithgow, Sir Thomas, xxxix, xli, 
xliii, xliv, (Linlithgou) 3, 4, 5, 7, 
8, 9, (Linlitgou) n, 13, 16, 18, 
19, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27, 30, 33; 
Patrik Linlithgou, 88. 

Listoun ye belmand, 5. 

Little, Edward, xxiii, (Litill), Ix, Ixi. 

Littlejohn. See Pottijohne. 

Lockhart James Lokcuyr, 20, 
(Lokcart) 29, (Lokart) 49, 50 ; Sir 
Johne Lokhart, 133. 

Locksmith John Loksmyt, xcii, 20, 
22, 29, 32, 37, 46, 74; Steven 
Loksmyt, n, 12, 17, 20, 21, '29, 
32 ; William Loksmyt, i, 4. 

Lokeing, William, i. 

Longfellow, H. W., Ixvii. 

Lorimer Adam Lowromor, 132; 
Andro Lorymur, 90, (Lorimer) 
130 ; Henry Lorymer, Ixi, (Lory- 
mour) 17, 43, (Lorymor) 52, 56, 
64, 96, no, 116, (Lorymors) 90, 
(Hendre Lorymur) 21, 22, 28, 
(Henry) 91, (Hendre Loromor) 
xcii, 71, 72, (Henry Lorimoir) 
104, (Lorimor) 130 ; Johne 
Lorymur, 8 ; Thomas Lorymur, 
2 ; William Loromoyr, 148, 
(Lorymor) 158, 174. 

Lothay, John, 55. 

Low, Alexd, 29. 

Loys, Adam, Ixxiii, Ixxiv, 70. 

Lycbotor, Johne, 90. 

Lytharnes, William, 130, 148. 

MABOGEVIN, And w -, 98. 
M'Dougall Rauff M'Dowgall, 117, 

(Raufe M'Dowall) 131. 
M'Neill, Alex., !8 9 . 
MacQueen Michael Macquhenis 

wyfe (Jonet Rynd), Ixxvi, Ixxvii, 

134. I 38, 145- 

Maganchan, 126. 

Magdalen Chapel Magdelyn 
Chappell, 119; Magdalen, 140, 
144, 150, 154, 156, 161, 162, 164, 
165, 170, 171, 172 ; Hospital, 132, 
133. 134, 136, 137, 138, 140, 142, 
147, 148, 150, 173. 

Maitland, David, 29, (Mauchland) 
20. 

Maleson or Mallison Johne 
Malisoun, xcii, 29, (Malesoun) 8, 



198 



INDEX 



II, 13, 17, 20, 21, 25, 32, 

(Malesoun, Younger) 2, 10, 12 ; 

Thomas Malisvion, 68, 69. 
Marche, Johne, 130. 
Mary of Guise, Ixxxvi, xc, 139, 140, 

I S7- 

Mary of Lorraine, xlvi, Ixxxvi. 

Mary, Queen of James II., xi. 

Mary, Queen of Scots, Ixxxiii, 
Ixxxviii. 

Mary's Wynd. See St Mary's Wynd. 

Masons and Wrights, 106, no and 
after. 

Mathow, 4, 7. 

Maxton, Johne, 102, 108, (Johnne 
Maxtoun) 121, (John Maxtone) 
130. 

Maxwell, Sir Thomas, 56, 58, 66. 

Mayne, Johyn, 7; GiergeMayne.iSg. 

Meill, Ambros, 36, 37 ; Andro 
Meill, 40; David Meill, 92; Johne 
Meill, IT; Jonet Meill, 37; Pait 
Meill, 52 ; William Meill, xcii, 2, 
20, 21, 22, (Meil) 29, 32, 37, 43, 
47, 57, 68, 69. 

Meldrum, James, 80. 

Menzeis, Johne, 130, 149, 174. 

Middlemas Johne Middelmes, 135. 

Mill. See Meill. 

Millar Andrew Myllar, xlix. 

Moffat Sir James Moffit, 101, 
(Moffet) 133. 

Moncur Andrew Muncur, Ixi, 32, 
(Andro) xcii, 2, u, 12, 13, 15, 17, 
18, 20, (Androu) 21, (Andro) 22, 
28, 32, 37, 56, 98, 101, (Mancur) 
102 ; Lowrante Muncur, 167 ; 
Robert Muncur, 10, n, 12. 

Monypenny, Robert, 80, 92, (Mono- 
penny) 118, (Monepenye) 123. 

Moray Earl of Morras, 98. 

Morton, James, Earl of, xc. 

Muir, Alex., 28, 35, 57; Edward 
Muyr, 174 ; Hennry Mur, 158 ; 
James Mure, xciii, 148, 167, 169, 
(Muir) 171, 172, 173 ; Johne 
Murres, 108, (Muir) 173. 

Munro, James, 136. 

Mussellbur 1 - 137. 

NAIRN Narn, James, xviii. 
Napier Helene Naper, 127. 
Neill, Pait, 20, (Neil) 29. 
Netherbow, 116, (Nedder) 137. 
Newbottle, 175. 



Nicholas Nicolos ye letterkeper, 

118. 

Nicholsone, John, xviii. 
Nicol James Nycoll, 108. 
Niddry's Wynd, 67, 70, 120, 121, 

123, 124, 127, 128, 129, 132, 133, 

^34, 135. 136, 137, !38, 141. 143, 
146, 157, r6i, 162, 164, 165, 168, 
177. 

Noris Niddy the Trumpeter, 51 ; 
Nore, 82 ; Norre, 83 ; Norro, 92. 

OSBORNE Sir John Osburne, xviii ; 

Matthew Osburne, xviii. 
Otterburn M r Adam Ottrbuirn, 

69, (Otterburne) 133 ; Thomas 

Otterburn, 41. 

PADZUNIS, Alex., 144. 

Park Dyke, 106. 

Paul II., Pope, liv. 

Peebles Peblis, 150. 

Peirson George Peirsoun, xxii, 
xciii, 126, 127, 129, 131, 135, 
148, (Peirson) 138, (Perisoun) 
139 ; William Peirsoun, 135. 

Pennecuik, Alex., xlii, Ixxi, Ixxiii. 

Perth St Johnstoun, 155. 

Peris, 41, (Pers) 42. 

Petigrew, Thomas, 148, (Patigrew) 
158, (Pettygrew) 166, (Pategrew) 

*73- 

Pleasaunce, 42, 65, (Pleasants) 175. 

Plumbar, David, 9, (Plubar) 5. 

Podding, Johne, 149. 

Poir, Johnne, 101. 

Pott, Johne (older), 10, 12, 20. 

Pottar, Johne Smyt, 2 ; Johne 
Pottar, 29. 

Pottijohne, 51, 52, 55. 

Pow, John, 21. 

Pumfra, Adam, 126 ; Alex. do. , 173 ; 
Andro Pumfray, 163, 167, 174, 
(Pumfra) 173 ; David Pumfray, 
130 ; John Pumfra, 21, 29, 32. 

Purdie, William, Ixxxiii, (Pawdrain) 
105. 

Purves, Adam, 141, 156, (Purves) 
151, 152, 153; Alex. Purves, 125, 
128, 158 ; David Purwes, 69, 
(Pomerues) 76, (Porwes) 79 ; 
James Purves, 175 ; Nicoll Pur- 
ves, 126, (Purwess) 130, 148, 
(Nicholl Purves) 158, (Nicol Pur- 
ves) 173 ; Robert Purves, 139, 



INDEX 



199 



175 ; Thomas Porvis, 95, (Purwes) 
130, 148, (Purves) 158, 173, 174, 
176; Walter Pvrues, in ; Wil- 
liam Pvrnes, 107, (Purwes) 130. 
Pyper, Johyn, 16. 

RABAK, David, 20, (Rabuk) 28. 

Rae James Ray, 105, (Raa) 131 ; 
Thomas Rai, xxxv, 3, (wife) 45, 46, 
(Ra) xcii, n, 13, 15, (Raa) 2, 3, 5, 
8, 12, 17 ; William Rae, Ix, (Ra) 
xcii, 17, 49, 50, 51, 53, 56, 64, 67, 
75. !73, (Raa) 2, 8, 21, 29, 32, 44, 
130, 158, (Rai) 169, (Ray) Ix, xcii, 
80, 91, 105, 148. 

Raeburn . . . Ryburn, 103. 

Ramsay, George, 148, 158, 174 ; 
Thomas Ramsay, Ixxxiii. 

Ranald, Alandre, 20, (Alexd) 28 ; 
James Ranald, 168, 173, 174, 176 ; 
Johne Ranald, 175 ; Robin 
Ranald, 74, (Robert) 102, 112, 

"3. I 3- 
Ranaldsoun, Adam, 148, 150, 158, 

173- 
Redpath John Reidpicht, 149 ; 

Thomas Reidpath, Ixxxvii ; Walt. 

Redpath, 20 ; Walter Reidpit, 28. 
Reid, John, 54. 
Richardson Andro Rechosoune, 

120; George Richardsone, Ixxxiii ; 

Wm. Reichrtsone, 105, (Recho- 
soune) 117. 

Rindman, Rob, lutar, 48. 
Robertson Johne Robsoun, 158, 

(Robesoun) 173 ; William Robert- 

soun, 168. 

Roche, William, 118, 126, 131. 
Rollo Archibald Roulo, 89. 
Roslin, 170, (Roslying) 27, 
Ross Alen Ros, 89, (Alan Ross) 

IOO. 

Roxburgh, Earl of, xvii. 

Ruchell, Johne, 141. 

Rudde, 43. 

Rude Chapell, 116, 119, 132. 

Russell. See Ruchell. 

Rynd, Jonet see MAcQuEEN ; 
Johne Rynd, xciii, 130, 135. 139, 
141, 148, 151, 153, 157, 158, 161, 
163, 166, 167, 169, 171, 173. 

Rynik, Sir David, 74. 

ST ANDREWS Androis, 102 ; 
Andros, 119. 



St Catherine's Saunct Katrine's, 6. 
St Eligius (or Eloi), Bishop of 

Noyon, xv, xvi. 
St Giles' Church, 18, 22, 25, 38, 42, 

44, 49. S 2 , 54. 57, 5 8 7L 75. IO 3- 
104, 107, 112, 166, 167. 

St Leonard's Hill or Crags, the 
Scene of the Hammermen's May 
gatherings, 1-167, I 88. 

St Mary's Wynd, 57, 107, 155, 157, 
176, 177, 

St Ninnane, 188. 

St Nycollos Windo, 83. 

Saidlar, David, 2, n ; John 
Saidlar, 2, 12 ; Johne Saidlair, 
17 ; Louk Saidlar, 2, 11, 12, 
(Saidlair) 17, 20, 21, 28, 32, 37; 
William Saidlar, 20. 

Sandersoun, Alex., 175. 

Schalot, William, 107. 

Scheirsmyth. See SHEIRSMYTH. 

Sclater Patrit Sclat, 126; Patrik 
Sklater, 130. 

Scott Adam Scot, 144; Alex. 
Scot, liv, 148, 158, 173, 175 ; Sir 
Johnne Scot, 104; Patrick Scott, 
Ixi, (Scot) xcii, 49, 59, 64, 66, 75, 
129, 130 ; William Scot, xcii, 84, 
101, 104, 116, 117, 118, 136, 149, 
171, 174, (Scott) 130, 152, 156, 
158. 

Selkirk Robert Selkraig, xcii, 
(Selkrig) 20, 22, 29, 32, (Selcraig) 
21, 31, (Selkrik) 31. 

Seton Andro Set oune, 117, (Andrew 
Seytone) 131 ; Archebald Setoune, 
117; Robert Seytone 131, (Sey- 
toun) 149. 

Shankend Schanchand, 81. 

Shaw Donald Schaw, xxxv, 46. 

Sheirsmyth James Scheirsmyt, 
20, (Sheirsmyt) 29 ; Jonet Sheir- 
smyt, 2I ; Patrik Scheirsmyt, 
n, 17 ; Robert Sheirsmyt, i, 5, 
12, 13, 21, 30, (Scheirsmyt) xcii. 
8, 10, 17, 177; Thomas Scheir- 
smyt, 2Oi 27, 44, 52, (Sheirsmyt), 
29 ; William Scheirsmyt, 2> 2O( 
107, (Sheirsmyt) 29, 30, 107. 

Short Alex. Schort, 118 ; Thomas 
Schort, Ixxv, Ixxxiii, Ixxxv, xcii, 
87, 103, in, 112, 116, 128, 130, 
(Schortt) 140. 

Sidey John Syty, 49. 

Sinclar, John, xviii. 



200 



INDEX 



Small, Small or Smalley George 
Small, 168, (Smaill) 170, (Small) 
T 73 1 Thomas Smald, 49, 56, 
(Smaly) 54. 

Smeberd or Smibert George 
Smeberd, 134, (Smethberd) 148 ; 
John Smeberd, Ixi, 130; William 
Smebreid, Ixxxiii, (Smebred) xcii, 
(Smeberd) Ixi, 72, 78, 79, 80, 
81, 83, 86, 87, 100, 104, 107, 125. 

Smith or Smyth Alex. Smy*, 
96, 130; Cuthbert Smy*, 29, 35, 
36; George Smyt, 55, 157, 173, 
174 ; Harie Smy 1 , 28 ; James 
Smy 1 , 21, 29, 34, 35, 39, 44, 46, 
47, 48, 50, 51, 52, 130, 148, 
158 ; Johne Smy 1 , xcii, 2 (see 
POTTAR), 12, 17, 20, 29, 83, 
88, 92, 103, ii2, 115, 174; Sir 
John Smith, xxxix, xlv, xlvi, Ixi, 
(Johne Smythe) 76, 77, 78, 79, 
81, 84, 85, 88, 90, 93, 94, 96, 97, 
zoo, 101, 103, 104, 106, 109, no, 
112, 113, 115, 116, 117, 118, 
119, 120; Patrit Smy 1 , 117; 
Thomas Smith, Ixi, (Smycht) 17, 
(Smyth) 20, 21, (Smyt Saidlar), 
xcii, 20, 28, 29, 30, 31, 64, 65, 
66, 67, 69, 71; William Smyt, 
xcii, 21, 29, 45, (Smytht) 48, (Smy*) 
49. Si. 53, 54, 57, 62, 69, 70, 84, 
105, 138, 149, 158, 174, 175. 

Softlaw, James, 176 ; John Softlaw, 
20; Thomas Softlay, 130, (Soft- 
law) 135, 

Spears Mathow Speir, 162 ; Mr 
Pet r Speiris, 147. 

Spence Robin Spens, 20, 28. 

Spratt or Sprott George Spretye, 
134 ; John Sparty, 44, 98, (Sparte) 
86, (Spartes) 107, (Sperte) 123, 
124, 126, (Sprete) 130, (Spretty) 
135, (Spratty) 148, (Sprotte) 155, 
157, 167, 168, (Sprott) 158, 176; 
Thomas Sparty, xcii, 6, 10, 12, 
13, 17, 20, 21, 26, 28, 32. 

Stanley John Staulo, 24; William 
Stanli, 26, 33, 35, 38, (Stanle) 38, 
44. 

Steel George Steill, 189 ; Johne 
Stelis dachtyr (i.e. Dame Jonet) 
123, 126, 132, (Steill) 117, 129, 
135, (Steil) 129. 

Stevenson, Alex., liii. 

Stewart George Stowart, 20 ; Johne 



Stowart, 2; Robin Stewart, 17; 

William Stewart, 171. 
Stirling Striveling, 155. 
Story, John, xlix. 
Strachan Henrie Strachaulin. 10 ; 

Henry Strauthand, 47 ; William 

Strauchand, 140 ; Wintoune 

Strauchane, 123. 
Syme, Johne, 171. 

TAYLOR, Bayard, Ixvii ; Johne Tuler, 
87. 

Thomson, Alex., 78, 80, 174 ; Johne 
Thomsoun, 173 ; Robert Thom- 
sone, 135, (Thomsoun) 136, 
173, 174, 176. 

Thorburn, Johnne, 102. 

Tod, Patrik, 124, 137, 146, 159, 164 ; 
Thomas Tod, 158, 173. 

Todrig Archibald Todrik, 181. 

Tolbooth of Edinburgh, 5, 16, 26, 
47. 5, 68, 71, 75, 76, 79, 85, 93, 
95, 96, TOO, 102, 104, no, 119, 
120, 121, 136 147, 150, 156, 162, 
163, 166. 

Toovey, James, xlix. 

Trycht, George, 175. 

Turnbull Andro Turnebell, 168. 

VARLETS Wolotts, 33; Warlots, 78. 

WADDELL, Mr Thomas, 162 ; 

Woddell, 106. 
Wallace, Adam, 123 ; Hachom 

Wallis, 77 ; Huchen Wallace, 100. 
Walter ye Servand, 83, (Watto) 85, 

(Watti) 88, (Watte) 94. 
Walter ye beltmaker, 102. 
Wandcrou, Andro, 8. 
Wardlaw, Sir David, 133. 
Watson George Watsoune, 126, 

(sone) 130, (soun) 148, 173, 174; 

James Watsoun, 151, 152, 153 ; 

Johne Watsin, 49, (sone) 130, 

(soun) 174, 176; Thomas Watson, 

83- 

Watt Johnne Wat, 102, (Watt) 130, 
158, 168, 174. 

Wauchope Quntin Wauchop, 87; 
Quintone Wachop, 130. 

Waugh David Wach, 70. 

Weir James Weyr, 158; Johne 
Weyr, 148, 154, 156, 158, (Weir) 
176; Walter Wyt, 130; Walter 
Wy, 148, (Wyth) 158, (Wyt) 175. 



INDEX 



201 



Weland, Alex., 167, 176. 

Welch, Johne, 20, 21, 23, 28 ; 
Thomas Welch, 2, n, 12, 17 ; 
William Welch, 20, 22, 29 ; 
Welchis work, 100. 

Wemes, William Rais apprentice, 
169. 

West, Robert, 174. 

Why te Thomas Quhit, 7, 8, n, 
17 ; William Quhite, Ixxxiii, 
(Quht) 20, (Quhit) 29. See also 
WEIR. 

Whytelock Alexander Quhitlok, 2, 
n, (Quitlok) 12. 

Whytesmit, Patrik, 157. 

Wigholm, Thomas, 43, 44. 

Williamson Alex. Williamsoun, 
174; Andro Wilzpadsone, 117, 
(soun) 126, (Williamsone) 135, 
(soun) 141, 155, 157 ; Sir Thomas 
Williamson, Ixxviii (soun) 147, 



150, 170. 

/ilson i 



Wilson Adam Wilsoun, 8; Alex. 
Wilsone, 130 ; Sir Daniel Wilson, 
xxi ; Edward Wilsoun, 175 ; Sir 
John Wilson, xl; John Wilsoun, 
20, 29, 173 ; Robert Wittin, n, 
(Watten) 17, (Wilsoun) 29; ane 
callit Wilsoun, 159. 

Wingate Allan Windeyetts, xl ; 
Johne Wyndeyett, 8 ; Matthew 



Windgaittis, 130, (Windzett) 149? 

(Windezetts) 158, (Wyndgats) 

174 ; Thomas Wyndegate. 173 ; 

William Windgaith, 105, (Wynde- 

zots) 118, (Windgaittis) 130, 

(Wyndgats) 174. 
Winton or Wynton Adam Wintyn, 

174, (Wynton) 175 ; Cristophur 

Wyntoun, xcii, 177, (Wyntoin) 67, 

69* 106. 
Wodhall, Katherine, 132; Sir 

William Wodhall, xxxix, xlvi, 124, 

125, 129, 131, 132. 
Wood -Elizabeth Wod, xl, Johne 

Wod, 29. 
Wright Walter Wrecht, 107, 

(Wrycht) 173 see also WEIR ; 

William Wrycht, 71, (Wricht) 79, 

(Wreth) 95, 107, (Writh) 101, 

(Wrech) HI. 

YOUNG, Cuthbert, 9; Sir David 
Young, 73 ; Edward Zoung, 175 ; 
James Young, Ixxvii, Ixxxvi, xc, 
xcii, 65, 123, 124, 125, 126, 130, 
143, 148, 150, 151, 154, 155, I5 8, 
160, 161, 166, 173; Thomas Zoung, 
56 ; William Yhoung, xviii ; Zoung, 
George Small's servant, 168. 

Younger Sir James Zoungre, 118, 
119. 



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