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WORKS 



aV TUB 



CAVENDISH SOCIETY. 




FOUNDED 184& 



HAXD-BOOK 



<w 



CHEMISTRY 

LEOPOLD GMELIX, 
VOL. VIL 



ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 

VOL. I. 



ObltlUM. 



TWO ATOHS OF CLKDUfi, i 



I 



,. ..) 



\ 
TBAHBLITID ST - , \ 



/ . 



I '' 



HENRY WATTS, B.A,,"^,C,a 



LONDOKi 
PRINTED FOB THE CAVENDISH SOCIETY 

■PCCCUL 



MliriTED D1 AA^HEHW AMO ■OH, 

LOtlHPlI OtBTTK amcw^ tJ. ■UJTV'l LiMf, 

Iff 



PREFACE TO THE "ORGANIC CHEMISTRY," 

(FOURTH EDITION, 184B.) 



At length I have tlie satiaTaGtion oT offering to the Beader 
the FiTBt Volume of the '* Organic ChemUtrj>" and at the 
same time of eipresaing a confident expectation that the publi- 
cation of the remaining volumca wUi proceed without any 
seriouB delay. 

Having been unable, during the preparation oF the inorganic 
part of the work^ to take any account of the yearly iocreaaEng 
additiona to the organic diTiuoa of the ecience, I found, on 
commencing this latter porrion of the vork^ that the first thing 
to be done woa to coUate the neglected matter* 

But the more carefully this naa done, the greater appeared 
the difliculty of reviung, co-ordinating and elaborating the 
masB of matter thus accnmnlated- 

And in the first place, it appeared absolutely necesBary 
to dcTise a new mode of claaaifying organic compounds, 
inBHmiuJi aa the armagement adopted in the former editiona 
could no longer be coneidered aatieftctory. Fortunately, in 
the interim, thanks to the laboare of numerous cliemi^tSr at the 
head of whom Liebig shines conspicuous, the composition of 
the groaCer number of organic componnda has been so tar mode 
outf that it does not appear too bold an attempt to adopt this 
character, aa the moat easential, for the ba^ of the classification. 
Moreover, unce, in my opinion^ carbon is the only constant, 
and therefore the only essential conatituent of organic com- 
pounds (pp. 3j 4), it E^psars most appropriate to arrange them 
according to the nomber of carbon-atoma contained in a single 



PlEfACt 

*bim riT (Jiij <xini|>uiJTirl : unit tincv w« timf nwiimL* thutt m iho 
iiuiiiluTr of nHitia-iiUiin« titcrtnuwti tbu oom|iounJri tmiiui? a 
OHjTO iuhI inniv ili^iiijwll^ oT^uiic pliinwWr, ■rhuTtftH % iliinimi- 
ddn or thu rmrn1>«r of carbou-aiorus !iriDff« thum nnrvr to tlio 
cunrljtirm of inorgniuc compouniit, it likrwu^ appuuy pr(f|Mn> 
i;^rr A^mplrtmg the ila^npibc of ihc tatter, to bc^ with 
tlu>w? or^rii(f ociii|koun'lj vrhioh ooJitaiD tho Hmxllwl nuinW 
of chrlwn^oloin*, Kml prwtud rpf^larl^ from Oic^v Ui Uiv 
Jng!"wr, — 11 fiunlv of nrmu^L'tnont trUioh^ ihmjgh in a dilTqrot 
nayf liv Uqn niln|iM<l hy UcHkhrdt in lii« " Pr^u.* 

To CArr; oul tliu ftrrungcmunt lurtlirri it n«c nwdiWiry U 
^hoow botwHD die Rtnlnaf-Thfiri/ adopted bikI {lnvlop«il bf 
Bcm-Iiui and most othcf chL-iniet*, viH the JViv/itii^ T^^ry aft 
rratntly brought Jnto nnlr*>? hv flic luWiranf Lmir#fit> Durmw* 
■nrl Qfrhnrdf' My rvioitnt tor i'tvf47tving ilui ljUl«r» and mlni- 
(liinn^ it, tlnin^h wlh iiiJiTiy jhlttintuitiA, into thiA HAit^i-booki 
artf fiiU^ •I4t«l b thi) taxt<pp. 9— 3^).* And now ih*t tl>C Ont 
Toldine n umptctc^ iMCUOTcOiDn lo repeat of my choiwt 
tho oontrorj* 1 taa ttum tad. marc onvmucd Omt tUi: \uoT«v 
TKcory, when proporl^ corricil out, orn«igm i-r^i^iu oom- 
pguudf in a nntumL orJt-r, fllucli id cu nu^ of ixiijpMwnnkvn 
a* thi; «tlnuiiilitiiirir vurir^ty of iliu ODiii|iQUi]dfl trill «diiiH ; «ad 
nllfiotigh the nmihiiiiiiinn of nuui}' coDt|iuuikdH iiiilkljiiiu> nl pri>- 
rtiTOt agnintt Ihu liiu^ of thi» Ihcfiry, — a pwvt »n wliiu^i 1 \m\9 
Wrn KJii] Jiliall mtinyt tio nlidloun tv djiwM alli<nliiia,-^t W 
nvnrtlieLcfBt tonn^/ to h« douhud dmt tliv*r di«.int|Difii:i»iA wiU 
b« rDCOQcileJ in Hiiil WHJ or nuvXittttf M, iiHltMli tluiy Ii4vu mW 
iTAdj hren in Atroiml Lintjinciih TIih mofitK^iil ou-rngila of 
iJib kind 14 afCjrdcd hy Cfanimc acid, C^\'H\()\ TUi^ ^d 
Win ronD«rlj rq^irdoA at tribatift; but uiief !t conC^ni 4 At. 
oijrgcti outiJdo the Ducl«u*r \t dJiiiuld, Accufdii^ to tho Xw 






FRBPACfl. TU 

TheoTjt be bibuic ; and such, [n fact, it haa actually been found 
to be (tn<L p. 204). It u precisely because this theory leads to 
important laws, wHch enable ub to decide A prwri on the 
oorreobiesa or probability of formula deduced from experiment, 
that it ia preferable to a theory before whose judgment-Heat — 
in the abaence of hiWB — almost any compoudou of an organic 
compoond appears poauble, aad conaistcnt with ita properties 
whatever they may be; such a theory oa the latter cannot 
indeed be easily confuted by any formula deduced from e^-* 
periment. Lastlyt if tt be objected to the Nucleus-Theory 
that it requires certfun hypotheses, we may remark that hypo- 
theses most be odnutted in any theory that can be formed 
leapecting compounds so enigmatical aa those of the Organic 
Kingdom ; least of all are they wanting in the Radical-Theory^ 
whose numeroua radicola, anhydrous ai^de, and copuls, are, 
for the moat part, not known in the separate state. 

The peculiar difficulty in claasifying o^onic compounds 
according to the Nudeua-Theory, lies, however, not so much In 
the theory itself, as in the diversified character of our know- 
ledge respecting many organic compounds. For of many com- 
pounds the consdtudon ia yet uncertain \ of others wo know, 
indeed, the empirical formula, but are in doubt respecting the 
rational formula. For example i should Oxalic Acid dried per 
se be regarded as CHO, or as C*H"0^, and does it belong to 
the S-cvbon or ths 4-carhon group? Tb AceioTw a primary 
compound CH'O', or a copulated compound C'H*0",CTI^ and 
does it belong to compounds with 6 or 4 At. carbon? !□ some 
of the«e doubtful cases, that view has been taken which appears 
the most probablei ia others, the doubtful compound has been 
annexed In on appendii to those with which It seems to be 
most closely related. The latter course has also been pursued 
with all compounds of unknown constltutioQT of which the 
subsequent volumes will, uofortunalcly, Include a greater 
number than the present- With the further investigatioa of 
the composition and decompositiona of organic compounds. 



iM PREFACE. 

tK«fle imperfectioiia wilt gradually duappcart and tho system 
here put forward, together with the theory on which it is 
founded, will be perfected and at the same time cooaiderally 
altered; bvt T ehall be satiefiedf if it proye to be correct and 
GOnnHtent in ita prindpal features 

In the atOLchiomstric calculationfi conl^oed in this and 
the following rolumea, the more exact detenninationa recently 
made of the atomic weights of cert^n elemcnU have been 
adopted; thos, Bromine=80 (instead of 78-4); Iron = 28 
(inAteod of 27). Should any other imporiarU correctiona of 
tbis kind be published, they will likewise be adopted in the 
subsequent part* of the work. 

THE AUTHOR. 



CONTENTS OP VOL- VIL 

(VOL. 1. OP OEOANIC CHEUI&TBY.) 



P^ 



Organic OompotmcU m genoraL 



T. CaHBTiTtrTiov or Oaauric Cmtnynnat: 

I. Gompotjeoti ^ 4 

S. £vea Dumben of the Elemenbu^ Atonw .... „„ B 

3. Uodfl of cDmbinatioD of thfl ElemonM in Orguio Compoandi 7 

A. BmdicaJ Theory .... 

a. Nualcu Theorj 14 

d. DaiDu' Th«T7of SubBtitutioamadTjpfls .... lA 
^ CaniMclionbttwaenthe Radical TlieorjuidLheTliatH^ 

of Tjrp4« vid Su^titDiJoo .._ ..., IQ 

fr. lA^itfibt'a XoDlvua Theory _ , IB 

H CluiiiiivLioii .... „.. _ .... ^ 

t. Gflitur^t'o EquivHlenlB _ .... t? 

d. BufgesLioQi reipectiaf ths relAtive poutJaD of thft 

EI«iq0d(u7 AtoDiB of m CompoDod Orguia Atom,.., 30 

n. Fdikatiov ot 0%ttxvic CojfPovjiDi ; 

L From luorjauic H«tfTult .... ,,.. „.. .,„ ..., tt 

S. FDnuLioa of one Orfujio CoDpoDhd ft«muiolhvr 4S 

ni. PmonmTiii or Oisitnic CoHrouvDi: 

I. FohD of AgglVglUJDD .„, ..^ .... 4ft 

5. Specific Gn-it/ ^ ,... _ 46 

GftlcnlEtion of the Bpedflc Gnti(;r o' liquid Oiguiio Com- 

poundi ..„ ,„, ..„ ..., 40 

Tflipour^eiitUj of Orgviic CDnpoundi ,^ ..,. ,^ U 

i. BoLiiig Finnt ^ ..- » ...^ U 

4. RekllDiH 10 Li^hL ..„ „.. - ^ « 

6. FhTRologinl B«lBli«u —. ^... „^ OS 

DiffsToncfl of Pnipcrtie* uoovpaBled bj ippaimillf liinElfkr 

CMutitudon „„ HP, ~. on 

Jpam^i-iam .,.. „„ .,- -- f* 

FolTmETaln _.. - r ...^ ..-, €1 

MfiUmeriun ..„ ..- -i- .... .-^ .-. OS 



IT. DicomvtiTrai* «jib TuKvrBBVikTKSt «v Ouavii: 

C«HPdir«tia ^^ .^ ,„ ^. ^.. _» _. fl 

L 0nhiii|iiclL>Qur McIaI^^ ,.„ ^ .,„ ..„ _„ T1 
liaatuHESUwfifUtridMft.. V ^ — -> IB 

ft. P a o w pm UioMi hy h—t „_ ,„ .„ ,.. .,. ?T 

& I)j7 ar Ur*iri«i»TP DthLitlatlOfe ._ „. ^ ,„, IT 

^ 1>a»BprjiaLu««lfcr*d h««t .„. «» *— ,,^ B9 

X DMoinpntUiPii I'V QmbuiOiiD I 

a. BilDW C-mnhiurimi ,^ -.^ .^ _. >- M 

«^ IUlrtilCvui[riiMi(fii _ _ «l 

pnuiib .,, ,.^ ^.. ,^. „.^ AS 

4. SpM»aH» DfccrmpiuliinD -„ ■ .^ >. DO 

Enmtwivi ir Ih>a^ ^,< ^. ... .„^ ,,,. Ul 

nHBnnmih •thlb'Ud hj »*l4lii ipfwiAMi* and mulRul 

tqlaunoa dur^Di F«nui«uiivD ,,. If>l 

WiK>l>lOlt-Ke«Uu'lP^rt|«'Ur>rrUnKI«|-— 
Milk. lOS ;*-lt[iMd u<l tbs mon nlitt putu nf 
■iiiiuikK L[Oj-UriiiA, 107;— PumlkcLi^Mi uTCvV- 
Jung, lOL 
Tkfofba flf FirmBnlBliaB .^ „ »„ 

IVTMTVllli r ifij^.4liL0 HuhdviHa 

OfWo^i, n:. .i'V>i^<tiiUn,P|a^»>itHiitl,l1«?— 

ofCun*<^ '"''' >i«];frvpv«iloM 

L 1>MiHii|nlUaiH tij-i'LilL ],:... Urambp^mtid Iddiiw „, 
C ,f bjr Niltic Acad ^„ „ .,,. 

L V bfludicAcid 

(L H l*j f J.mni"' All"! „ 

1^ E>D«ii|HiiiiU«3i bjr Aiilpl^unc Aoid »-. ... 

A. B/chnpanlncil Jjitfljitivrlr Adil . ^ _ .^ 

h. % iLlnlflliilpliDiiD A^ld r,,- „„ », 
II. tlrwBip^ltw by Plu>ph^**P AcLrt _. 
Ift, „ |jj iv^lAcUIaridd af T^vifUcrDii 

a. ■ b} *I<(aI^u< Clilufiiln 

lA. ^ I7 ihr llwlii UiJili- of lh« ll^iTT U«L«)» ..,- 

1<- * bx ifac nuiJ AHifeUi ... _ 

rvnli^r t*k»ilni»T <tf l^impaiiiida nnralntn^ Minpui pf 
ChknoB iD-KTdA Fiu4 Alkilii ». _ _ 
17. nm>iiijk>rtiiii>'M Uj Xmin-'Uiu 1 -^ bb ■■ 

II; Pmtfpaiil^Mii uid TrBiiifj'iiiali"n» by n7dr»qlp|,iu{t Ao^ 
U^ Piminjiniliulu I7 *4il]'itL>]i< vt J'Lj|.>vtiin 
«iC ■ |>7 Uif ALkklMiu-uk ^. _ — 



V. CiLU4irif*ti«|f «r Oia^kiv t^B^uBUt «_ ^^ 



UT 



VI. BveanTHO* 



OtWUt H»EICUTI.'IS 



l«t 



CONTENTS. 



nv 



TU. GtmiAL View or Ttpeae 

A^ faciei T 

a. PriiDwy Noctei _ .,- .... -,. ^.. 1U 

VolalilaOilfl IflS 

A. StfoaAaxy r^Dclei ... ..„ .... _„ _ 16* 

B. ComlHaalioiis of a PrinvijDf BflcondBij Noclaol with 

nbitAncH ut^roftlTy attAched ; E^velqfe-FJuclmi: 

«, Compounde with Ofdi'C^eD ._ .... .„. IT" 

a. Nuclei cooabiaed with 1 At. Hjrdngco 170 

% Al^oliDl-nditHlB -.. --,. 17B 

^^ Nuclei DomLniied wiUi 3 At B^drogm i Alvaloeda 174 
t. OomponudJ of Nnelfl] with Hrdrogfln ujd OEfgen Id 

fi^dal qnmbenof Aupdu..., ..„ „. LBS 

a, Cumpounda of Nuclei with I At, Hydrogan and 

I At. Oiygen: Ethui ^ .._ ISO 

^ CoTDpounds of NccleL with 3 At- Hjdnign vid 

aAt.Oijgec: Alcouox.".... l&l 

L Compounda of Nuclei niiJi OxyfeD .... -a -~ 1M 

a. VfHh Z AU Oxjgea : Aldidei „. IM 

&. WjUi4,6,at 9 At, Oxjgimt Oedanic Acibe ... IW 

J^ OompDundB of Nuclei wiib SulpLur SLI 

t. Comiwiiidji of Nuolfli wiLL Iodine, BromiuB, Of ChJoriiw 3J3 

C. CopulaLeJ Gempuiuidfl ^ .^. ..^ .... St3 

a, Ktitonei ... ,_ _ ..„ .... 314 

b. Compound ELhera fomwd bj Oxjgm-udda i Etbeh 

OF THE Tbied Ci-Aia ^ .._ 3IA 

e. Anintliaueg „., _ ^ 2S0 

J. Copulated Acidi »l 

ff. Bipoaifiable Fats yielding Gljci?iiii: Gltcibides 3:f7 



Compounds containing 2 At. Carbon : Methylene Series. 

PriwioTf I^aclttui Me&glrne CH'. 

Tf Methyl, C'Tl'=CTl',n' - M? 

MorBh-gBfl, Cn* ™ CTF,n' „ 248 

Melhylie Ether. CIl^O « CIP.HO .._ aflO 

Wood-ipiril, C'H^O' - CH-,WO^ - 2M 

FoiTDic Acid, CUJO* ,... , ^ „ 268 

FormlftiM _ a7fl 

ProiomilphidoofMethyl.C'H'S _ .,- ..- ..,. 2«* 

Diiulphide of Methyl, CTl^S^ .„ 383 

MelliyL«ic-mcr(Mp(flTi, CB'S^ — CUMI'S* M4 

Iodide of Meihyl. CH'I ^ CJI=,in WO 

nromlde of Methyl. CJI'Dr - Cin*,IJlk MO 



^^^^ xSi ^^Ir^ QOTrx%yTs^ ^^^^^^^| 


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1 


^^^p nHri«*flfiUMh^i7R*r-Dtfjir„ „ 


^^■^ nyiiJBf r-f>wMi, 


^^1 


^^^K Chrtt^ittfttn Ari^CTl^Q'^'O- „. ^ „ ^ 


v^^^H 


^^H lf»%k». O^-AdKtr _.. ... .. .» _ 


fl^^^H 


^^^H faJ|Jiaw*wn>lr at M^IhjI »■^^ O^t^OiOf » — 


no ^H 


^^^H XudHBHllvIk Acut, Cil-0MfC8' .„ — ».— 


*** V 


^^^H ftJffca-rta^lB uf Mrtlij ;. i.'^TI S^ ^ _ ^ 


Ml 1 


^^^H Thilwlu Bont* or MHltjl, ACrJiHJrIK)" « «. .. 


Ml ^fl 


^^^H naowlc af HclbjI.C^Ii'O^BO* _ ^ ^ ^ 


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^^^H 8fl]plidna«tfk7UeApld,Cni-<r^O' .. „ „ ^ 


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^^^B MtiOi^Wtat^um^Cm^iJta* . -„ .- 


SM ■ 


^^^H Ki>ljHltom«1i,f1ii KhA, &11*0*lVEO* _ ._ _ 


Ml ■ 


^^^H Hulpiiuiif i]>jUn«, Oif'Ad^O- „ ^ ^ ... 


wn ■ 


^^^H Mvib^i.t v>int*, on'ojify ... ... „ 


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^^^^P UKLjIk rL.nalatn.l^ll'Il^ltg' 


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^^^V uotbfUi. c-iri^ _. _ _ ^ 


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^V FcnaaiB«th/M, C-a"0* «.*..*.». 


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^H 5 Mf[lij|.ijiJor,<*ll-N=lll«fjN ,^ ^ ^ 


tjl^^^l 


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S^^^i 


^H ^ DL0«lh>luM«|OII»«<LllMv<';X _ — » 


ni^^^l 


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^H 5 'r<lniiifHilr7MiTin.Okl">C=),(>'N' ». » 


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^^1 1 W'lpiiirth*!. C*ll*b=MrT*Ji -- ^ ^ ^ __ 


sti ■ 


^^1 51 milfinrc|>;tiMin^ nlT'^l— H^6b »»•*■«. 


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^^H ^ M«il7Miwan>i]ijuii'Q£ I'h^^hBi— ___.-._ 


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^^^^^^^^ Su-OITfAftV Atftlll. 


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^^^^^^P «> f •notary JVMi^Mi. 0«ll. 


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^^^^^^ Tm.fLrMdairiiNl||40G<e>xC*UMI«*F ^ _ 


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a>NT£NTSi ^ xiii 

ChLarrrmflth^toH, <7C1H „., „ ,„. -„ „.. 3411 

Chlonrfono. C*HCi'-C*flCI^ „.. W3 

fiwiiloriiuted U«lhjl-etlier, C^HCl^O .... „.. „„ 3M> 

Sulphite 4>r BicKlDrinatiMl UetLjlic Chloride, OHCL'^SBO* ... UO 

TarchloriBAbid BulphoaomailiyUii acid, CK^t^QO^i^SO^ „., 3^1 

/. Stnndarf AW^ru. C>Gl*. 

TarchlDriruted Heth^l-ether, O^^^O _ .,.. .... 3A4 

T«icb]oivi*Kii MBLhjIio Sulpbidfl^ CHTl*^ ..,. „.. 306 

Biebloria? of Coi-boo, CCL*/^ 3U 

GalphJdfi of Chloride of CuiwD, (X^,S* - 3&7 

BerxeliDB aad Murel'fl CanphtDnidfil Compoorid, 0H71*,B^0< .... UB 

B- Stffmdfrt tfuoUm. C^=C<NK)'. 

Qiloride of ^nitTomeLhj'leiH, CX*,Cl* BfiO 

A. J«ndai> yutlem. C'Ad'=C'l*'H* 

Un*. C'N^H'O^-C-Ad'jO' , _ „ 300 

lMelhrl-iirM,CH'N^»=c{c?g,}N'0' 37* 

5 pimethrl-nwfl, CH'N'0'i:;C|fc.H' jtJNM)" 37* 

UrWHarboDio 4-rfd, C*N'H'0'-C'Ad'0*,BCO» ... .„- 377 

Croa orbomta af Uelhj], CVO^'N'H'O' ... ,... 377 

L StamdoTf Nve/fut, CVK. 

CjinogMi, CN^Cj -,.. .-.. ^.. 37B 

fifdjDDjuiia Acid, 1?NH=HCx „,. ,. , -^ ^.889 

Cfuide of AnnaouiDin, NH^Cy ^^ —. ilO 

C^ida of PdUkodi. ECr=C^E; - 4LI 

Cjuldft of Sodium, NACj-CNNh 417 

C^idoof Buium, BaF^-C^Bft 417 

Cjaiudn of Cjilclumj MagnniDiiif Cerinm, TtLrinm ^^ 417 

Cymnideof TihidLUm? - —. 4IA 

% Nitnejmiudfl of TjUniam, C'T'TifSNTt' , 418 

CjanidA of VaiudtDin ... .... .... r... -..- 4J9 

ChronuHti Cjuide, CiC^.— Cbrontic Cjvtide, Ci'Qj* .... 4ID 

HydrochronnjcTanic Mid. 3HCj,Cr*CjF' .- 430 

ChmuidcyADido of PoLuiiiiin, HKCy,Ct*Cf ... 430 
Oiuic CyuLide t 

UuigviCPiiA Cjtmide, HaCy.—Mui^Dto-iDUgBTua Cjuild*, 

ifnKy.—MBngftnio Cyanide, MnHV ,„, -,.. .-„ 431 

Manguiocyvuiia of Pat&nium .... „ 421 

MacguildorHiido of Fotuskum^ SKCj^Md'C^ 4!! 

Gfuido of Zmc, ZaCf.... .... - .. - 499 

Cyuiidv af Zina tud Aujiuoidiini, NH*Gj,Z[iCf .., 413 



CViUilclo of ZiDo fend SuJiuiii, — Llyouuji uf Zinc pud 

C^anlJpbf CflilinLiini ami INjloHlum, KC/i CJ(?y ,„, |H 

Mftnfjihi'Jej'iLiibila oTCiiliniurE] „„ .„ .^ fg^ 

C^pi^l.^uf l^k,l, ru(> .... „. ^ „ 4I| 

Oijr/Diildo <pf Lfid, vl'bO, PK.> ..„ „_ ^^ O] 

{!h'0'iil*]^j«tiiiliT ur I<vl4] r — %fiHiu4niiti'jAuiil4 ef L^sdt 

— Cjruitdp at Knc fliij IiArt,— ^^j-MLKtii nf CidimLim 

and Lwtl , „., .M, -'^ -.,. iW 

Pr^Mi Miifi A- afr'fti^^* -^Y -* '"*' 

FUIWI blua D. SPijC^JP.'Cj- + <EO ..„ «^ ..„ W 

Pruwi«f»iSrwh,»'-i^^j>'i.T-y"i*iro ^ ^ U9 

FWrlprnBic trr llyitr^rLTrlrTaiiie u4d. SH<^.Fr<'Cy ,.„ „„ MB 

FamD/aiLtiln iff ^iMH^aiUiia, 3yitfCj,VtCj ,.„ „, 4W 

^Bp | l u| tfi1ilo flf Aiiinif.mum,aNnT-,Pi.-iV — •-* *i^3 

' ffeiiuiijduf ruU-fcUiii,JiiL>,FiH:y=K'r«Cy .^ AM 

r<rripfftAffb(ifI\u^iin,»crj',rp^><=K*)Vfy ^. ^ «« 

FimwiRUild* uf Ir4Hi wd Pdtumuhi, iKFoiFvCr' ">. 474 

F«n(0jUlda or Tfor ftn^^ FoiHriuv, IK P«^ Fv^ » — 47T 

F#n«iff?iwJ# ftf ftoUiiiM, St-rnCj" -,. - 471 

Ftrrifynuoli.' wf ftnl'iins NnTp^ry .^ „^ „„ 47V 

^ rpmiijiiiiiil^ ur l-cpUt«Lui]L lutd titfdJiUD. K^St'^n'Q^ ,., 470 

Fonwvuilclj <Lf Iknuifr, Po'Fi^V -- -. — — *>" 

frrrvi'jiai\iAiH'T llun'Jiri uiil roldwliiiD, ICIIiV'rCjr* .^ 4n 

FtrHoTWiuLp of IbrJuin ud PaiA^uin, KlVFi^Q' ._ „> 411 

Fsnw^vnld' of HimniiuH, br*tV<y ^, » .» 481 

VWnwiwildfBr C«Mum,<.VF>rr* M. » .M. ..» 4n 

F«rri<7uU*arChMiJBi,CV1>Ky ., >„ ^ 4B 

l»Mvg^riiuiW of l^nlnun ud rotawuio, K&PvCt' » ... 4t4 

FWT««TU[4* or »icv4lui, )<f-r4C]]r' „ ^ » 4M 

FMmtjviLitv at St^uPMmiiim -- --, _ .. „« 4n 

Pprrv'jB'Hilriif MB|e<*'*'i"" vi^ Anneulinn .^ v- 4li 

Fnnw^sAiit* of Mii^n««iuiD luiil t'olvvlum ,_. ^.. ^^ 4W 
F'rrooTViidsDrCWtviD) VlfrtuoiH Glvribuibt >l<Jniikviri,T|io> 

itnvit, iinJ T»1ii»iiim ... -,. r.- WB 
PprtiK-jUiJil'uf TftnuImn^^C^Wti^gf IrVuuiIUflJ/bddDEun) 

— <>»dmIi» af I*«ii »i"T V#T»Ai1iiiu _„ — _ *fl 

«. OfPscyr-^ r.»crty _-».-- 4W 



CONTENTS. WT 

C;ruiida of Trd and Uraalmn : 

CjuUdn of tna uid MangAn««e t 

B. Mn^PoCy,— ft. Mn*P*H>r* -^ 4*8 

cr. FeiT0f7Mldei)f*fwiawie«andPoUMliiin^KMnF*C7' *aa 

CyAbEde* of It«ii and BiamnUi .... ^ 4fiD 

Cfuidiv of IroD ud Zinc T 1. Zn'FeC - 489 

fr. Zn'Fe*C>'.'-<- SNfl'.aZn'FeCj'+jAq.f ..„ 4B8 
CjuLdei of IroD uid CadniJuiD : 

a. CdCy,FeCy^r— ft. Cd^FoCj'.-fl. CJFe^j" 4W 

CTBuidefl of Iron and Tin : 

a. Sn'PaCrV— ft. BoPBCjr»|-a, an'Pa^T' - 4» 

PeTTMTMideof LMd,Pb*FeCj- ^ .... 4» 

Fffrlcjnnideof L»d, pyPeKlr 41(1 

CT*nld« of CoImU 4W 

HydrocoWlidcj-Dic ncid. H»CoKy 4W 

% Cabaltidcjarjide of AmmamuiD, (NH^'CaK^+Aq, 4S3 

OobnlUdcjMide of PutMrium, K'Co'Cj' -. .... 494 

T ColBllidcjiUiidB of Sodium, Na'Co'Cj* .-. 4W 

^ Cohillidcjanide of Barium, BaTo'Cy' ,.., tW 

Chromidnfuiide of CobolL, — ColHltjdcjmiiide* of VjuiguuH, 

Ziac, Cftdmium, aJid Tin -r, .». 4Pfi 

f CobaUidojuiide of LflbJ, Fb'GaHV -■" -- ■"■ 4M 

^CobalLidc7uud«withOudfl{>f L«d, Pb'Co'GT'^bO^O ..., 4» 

FHTMyanidc of CoTall^ Co'FaCy 4Bfl 

Ferridoymido of CoWt, Co'Fe'Cj' ^.. 4D7 

IT CoUlUdcjaaide of Iron, Fe'Oo't^ 4fl7 

^ OoWtldtjajilde of CoWl, CVCo^Cj" „.. 497 

Cjualdfl of Ni«keJ 498 

Cruide of Nickel and Amminiium, NH-Cj^iCj' ,... «98 

Cyanide of Niokel and Potoaiimi, KC^^LCir -■ 4H6 
Cotn|;>oiind* of NiC^^ with the Cj'KDidH of Bodhun, 

Bariam, Caknam, Cadmimn, Lead, sud Iran .... 499 

PemcTHiide of Nickal, Ni^eCj^ , 499 

^ Amnunuo-feiTDcjuiide of Nick*! i 

0. SNH'JJi^FcC7'-t<Aq.-ft. 2NH"J'eCy'+4Aq- .... WO 

Femdcyanida of Nickel, NL'Fs'Cj* 0*tt 

^ AmmoDia-ferridtjanida of Nidktl, 2NH',NrFe'Gj'4Aq, tW 

C^viide of Hkktl and Cobali, Co€j,NiC^ MO 

CobtaiidciTUiide of Nickel, Ni'CotV - - *»* 

^ Annnomo-EObaltidcyuudeDf Hu^keL^^NH'^i^Co'Cr'+^Aq. Ml 



EKRATA, 



TOL. IlL 



SA1 — U fntP boVom ; JW B«rrl> read Rod-crrilia. 

i&i — Ibftmn top; JhrbdBgfcr—J bring *1iintn<B>uiJ bj ^ 



vol* TI. 

303 — ' 10 trum boUaiD;.Ar nhitlaD, thJ compiiBiid. 

Vfi — 7, H „ Tlw IwQ dntBi: "filtering tha ■olnddD ta Hptnte tKa 

■odlvidAd irUioBii dlMolvlDf tbe w"****^ bluk-biDWB 
. In wiW;" ihooU be rmyfOHd- 



VOL. VII, 

tsfl — 15 from U>F [ /jr pHrBia, rauf hjflrodilont*. 

VIA — < „ Tbfl foniDlii, ueonUng to tba iiibttltiitlfHi-tlieDrj, ibnld b« 
C'Tt'Crt)^ ud CKCiK>". 

*;a — 17 f, l/flr JOpUli, r«rflO pu1«, 

184 — 11 tr ; /^ Regiuiilt, rMd C^onn. 

304— ^rhunbanamt , __ , . _j_^ 

80b — I from (op ' 

3ii ^ 7 „ ijV«a-00,r«Hl9l-43. 

MO— 8fnBboUoin:>raNiUtOi,t«dCiN«|[«0'. 

<D0 — V 11 ;^ff- red imd man vind, rwf nd, TuoLd. 



PART IL 



CHEMISTRY OF ORGANIC COMPODNDS, 



OBOANIC CHEMI3TBY. 



Tab bodies of (he organic Icingdoin ore diatiuj^tBhed, id Ibeir mflSt 
OBipLete HtKt?, from ibose of the JDorgunic kip^ojQ ; 

I. By their inbennt tiIaI force. 

t. Bj m Hcoliftr itnotun, mteroftl and extenul- 

3. By being corapowd — for tbe principal and mttBt Lmportint part »t 
Irut — of cbemical eompoamU <|Dit0 p«cu1iu to them, called l}rffanic 
Oompoundt, ot Proximate Frindpln of ike Orffanic Sxri^dom, which Dccar 
ik tno bodieg of plinta and aoimals, partly mixed and partly combined, 
bolb witii one another, and with cerldn inorg&nic componndd. 

The proiimate principlea into which ap organio hodj^ may be ntolved, 
(iUwi by mechaDial or by chemioal means, an partly ioorgaDta, each ae 
water, carbonic aaid^ and other mineral acids; partly organic. When the 
latter are of SQch a nature, that any atl«mpt to decampoae ihem further 
Ifladi to the rozmaticn of deeompoBition-prDdaotA, which when reanited, 
produce umething totally diflerent from tha anbelAnce originally decom* 
poMd— tboy are regarded ba Primary, or Elementary Organic C^mpoundtw 

Orgmaie Chemifltiy conaidera : 

1. The organifl componnds occnrniig in tbe bodi^a of plauta aod 
uinulAf together with the ecmbiaationa whLcli they form with each other 
Ukd with uioi-ganie bodiee : Cheai^ry of Organic Compounds in the tuott 
n^rietid terue. 

S^ The compositidn of tdante and animals and of their partflj formed 
td tbeas compounds aod of inorganic eubfltancee : Chemicol Boiang and 

3. The chemical changea wh!(;h occur in tbeee bodies, ao long aa they 
an aabjact to the influence of the Tital force; Cfumieal Phynolvffy ^ 
PlanU and Animali. 



mi^TH. 



') 



luinw. 



AnHDiTinmK I, 

TBiMAay ouga:*ic COMPOUKJJS. 



CrtmpunnO- .—Ann. I'kH 4. :IS^ %<,d *0l ; 5. 1)3, 1 7^ feod a^O; ftlto, 
<Pinitlliie tl"^ [irfiirtniiic vlnn, ^Aw^ HI, .\ 170, S^Uj f^J^- &>; bbvCr- 
/S^Aip. n. ^Ot— Kiidtrvil thcnry Aii^. 91*, •ir7.^T>ry !>i*:iiliLl(u[|? 

Vhtm, H. 350.— Objwtiaai lo iti4 TEivory of S^nbrtUglTva i 'Ian. 
TiUw. /*Jiyt. 71, 1.17, uIku ^. jrr. CAtm. Ift, 3«; Jahmhrf. SO. flfl4; 
SI, 101— Tliiiory nf F^^nniiiitiUJcui! JftAralfnr. SO, 464.— Hndi™!' 
tbconr 7\)^^, 47. ^tO: mIm Jnn. PJUrni, ni, 1 .^^^apiilritad iwhl*: 

BaoDEit. — Olriii-MEkLiuQt ofl iKiT runtiiid tiiik of ilu] AWIiohr^vitLfftift tud 

on ihu rorEimlJEin nf KUiyl, CAftn ^uc. V .^- ^^ <05. 
Cinoune —On thi Light Oili DbUinoJ in iHr diitillatifu of WdoJ- 

Compl. rfTvl. OOh lUfl, 
CiiA^ctu— Ou a PCI* cliM of Erijcre. CampL ttn'l 9J, t^9, CfHu^i'o 

wnf-juhttM. 0. not).- PiirLlifir, ^Viv*f>r- not/. 3?, Al^. yiMHr PLi/m. 

TO, 00.— Cir*»cntH * 0(B«*tiPt,— Oo ih* pomliTOlion *f bFj^Mrio 

Cnirnvuc, C^ntidiralwnt ^fni^ wr foiM^ crpnnifiu <1 arm 

't}AtbHtY. Oft lAt CfMmkvl _Vr>Wfi«^iiPv *tf Or^»ig Coit^fViflL 

Lobdirn, 1A5] i thtir. CUm-Gte. 1111. 3K, 
|>RaibiiE)ltiim ^B>pDrininiit«1 rv««0Vi]jM tun llw Rlhera knil Amidw vJiInt 

KoB'YoUailB UV*'*^'' Acid*. C^rtpl. rrrriL 33, VST*. 
DvKAiv iitmdh it mijfHKmiiUn Cfuada; Uttn. wn Kii^ji^offlr^ R, A — T. 

-^Dmkfj iA 8ilatll4ijoa. Juh- f!U>i«, rUyt- M, I^Q; &f. SIB; 

S». n — Subiilliillai AlLiI l'->1y]>u]>acrldfl; Comj^. rmd. A. Xu. II ; 

■Ud y. «f- C&fM. U. 4*:t-^T\tv>rj nf Trp«.«j Chlorjinitio kciJ, 

An/i- Cinyn, /^A^n. 73L ':», dm <^fiv(. m"'. A, I'^lki nlto ^n*. 

Sli* — TvjH.-f. Afculiolk* AlJirNrJ'*- Arid*. Ann. mm. I'kyt T3, 
11U.— rii'tux 9c riViK—TjinyM'-, A', dnm. C/'iM, Pkyf, U, U^J. a]» 
4iin- Pftnrn. 44, itC; *Ur> / pf. '.'fit%: ?T. ;^'JI ^r>E:KA4 —SuUti- 

Kiltilt-: Cmff^ rmft. i\ 3«a — IU|iott M Wnrli'i CampOWad 

Amin»niiii, Jf. J. Wfirf*. Tfi. 1I10_ 
FtATiHi.AXn it K«(Jilt.^<^iii>TUijli4iq n( lliP ifiila C'd'O* ; KHiiU*: 
Ann. Pkitrm, «£, nHf(; itULr. 7 ^r. <.7'rv 10, AAT; mflW ■!«> 
^UL Jf-tjr J. -t), 300,— D«oiifpDfli(M>ci c<f CjitnMe «f Kihyt 1;^ 

PfiUHlBin. C't.i*. Sof. </iA. J. I. «U; Amn. P/,arm «S, M!> 

Fi>jF>iciAn>. — ]^,ht.\'jti oj OrfTkHJr njulimlp^ C»(c*. 5vc, V**' ^- 
3, a^ • Attn. fA/iTtn. *l, iTl — On Orz»fli' RimJIw envimiihti^ 
M«uK Flm.^Jiutu^ An, CA/wi. ,<^ ^ J. 3. VMT: 'foo^ /)». 
T}, 'Jlti- An». CUn. FhyK ^9. 703.-00 ihe Alfoliol >«d{ml*- 
dM. SA^, ^ ^. 3. 30i in*, i^ln. T4. 41, fMbtf. CUm. 

OEaVAlinr, Tf^nf ^ rAtmw nr^o*^ Tnm I and f , fmrn, IMt 



I 



OftGANJC COMFOUXL-5. 



iliu ^. ^^ ^'AcM. :fT> 439; :f8, ^4 and fl^, aOn I.— CajiHitntiDii of 
AlrohtJ. J^ jrr. Off^. IS. IT-- Riiujvalcirli ^. ^id. CAu>- /%i- 

rmii- IC i5* Wid WW; 17» nj!?; iO, lOJT (tJia lattrt- »J^, iV. Jha- 
Ch'fH. J'hjtt. n, IIT; nitu /, yr. Cftrtn. a^. 2dlf, Cvtt^pf. miri. 20, 
10l?(.' — lluiliTj^ pOiCiU 4jf ufuiuiiv iHririiPiMLiirln. A. j\nft. Chi/H Phpi. 
li, 107 H itl^-/- /""^ f'fifl". aj, .'JUU,— j;.jm;>f- raHTim-^, I, 77 — <>n 

nf thp Snlf^LlLBTJnii-pntdnftj r>f Ciimprmntl f^lliiVF-. N. J. Pi4<ifvj< 

It, Jifft. — Bwioiiy of A'^iiJa. C-mj-' ■mfitf-U, T. I3E». — GEnnAnDT 

Ai CnAiictL^ C"nilit[ill"n of Gq^kHra Cuiripuunrln: ^tiit. 7- V^ 
LMhiwvTX — 1*111 etrtniii '^iimputimli <]f tlio rvIicAU {OH^}!!'. J, pr. 

CA^. .'•i.as^- Cti^ f'nt Mil, HiH, 
]lorH>JOi. — Uoniajk' no tlir fiowi Jo^ oT Ihc AlLMiliol-ru'tioalA ChahHoi- 

^.J.A. til , J«ff. /^A«rm. 77. mi^ ii*mIm, A'./. /'Aann- 17- ITD; 
I Compt. fiUMn^j* d, ??&, KfH]ir4i1i4^A cm lb" Vfilslilf Orpsto UrkJ«* : 

(TiWr Mumoin QUd 4t tho htw9 nf Ihn "ivEiob oa AUsoIoum.) 
Koi.>EK,^Ch<irit]Du] doik'tilulinn uid Daluro of Orj^ibiilo IU-IImIl Ann. 

I'hartH, 7''. ni , "C, 1 ; Chfw. Sw.-. i/n.J. 3, aOfl; 4. »0. 
Kvfr- — ^'pvcilfi' ^ruvriy ftntiUuhliug fiuinlvf UrnnMc OrmtoiiinlB. ^o^. 

«3.3n , «!:^ S9; dj. »Ti; iinn, i'Act^. 41, Tl^UiJlO?; JO, 71 ; 

5i, lOfl ; TA'w. Sac. ^«, /, a^ lOt. 
LimfaT. — >iKlcnrt-lln?ory ^nn, CAi» Pl^w. dJ. lUfl i i»1«i> 7, pr. 

t'Affn, al. ?0I -^VoMJo 0j]«>iad lEctiniL ^n«. r^'W. /^A^. SS, 

SI5 ; 65, 331— IiKliiju. Jinn. Ch.m. I^kyi. 04. 33S,— Fnti* AciJ* 

tiutl Hjdfwarlx^n*. Ann, Cfiifi^ Phyx. «f5, li:f : it^, t^J uittT 17:^. — 
Tjpmn. .^n'l. C^tm,. Pfi^j* ^'Z. I(l!t,— Na[no[KrI*t(iro. AT ^Kft. 
rim. PAj/4. 3, 4tf3i J^*f«' titrfififi^f'^. I, ,:;r, U, a71. — 0»«Ji^ 
tloD lUi J Drt»(id»ri«n of NucUi. V*fMpt. rfri<t. 10, fSff.— Cftrn*- 
fianJIoji mriiiii of OilTurntir, foin|H)imrU- f^oMf^r. rmJ- 3L Wfl. 
^PIv*'n niiinhflrK nf Al<iin*r Cnw/rf- t^^iL 2li, 4,''a-^Sul»lir«Hon by 
CljlirinOd l^ti: MCvTiUt/' ]>, .'f, < — Njtrn'CH^iitpmind', f'vmpl rnuly 
70, 850 mJ HIS; Tl, 1414; 7ftv. «»<b/*/' 1^ 10,— KnrfnMlfln ftf 
Ocpnip CViEipsiLit'U. /f?F- f n'fii^(^ 10, 370. — FujtLer dcvelopniflit 
af Itjd ili"finr nf Kudrl, bju! fctniLitllon "f llio HtiK t^^iw^t r«T*f, 
iTi 311 ; IIJ, inHjt ; futthi-r, jHiFiinnliirly, A'rf, ivfmli^ l:f, ITA ; 
14, tV9. W .ISA --Ar>H", C'«Fi»^r ivnJ, Ml), 3111; furlhfr. Rr^u 

iriffJ^/. J8, 1*3, ADiL 995.— AmiitM. fW^^ iwJ. Ifl, J70; 20, 

^H »M ; rurlbi>r. /tVc ftiVnt. 10, ISe.- DapltviiCli/D aoit *|i!iui|jj- of 
^y Nudni, /^WJ. A^.(/^m, I, 4rt,— Nlrrilon. Ctmjrt. mJ, JLl, ^flfl.— 
^^ On ni-mii* Onr^Ttp r(Hn|Knmd<. !Mit. Vh .Mll^— ^f.trMjjTiT & 
' GtPifjnpr — At«tinl TiidUaJf. Cfmpf. mfitvifh, li, 941, 

LlfSio^ y/lln^/^«■:A W*r f'kniire wif ffrJrit/fAf oi/ Pii\JtvniCff. B-l. fl, 
HdjiTrllMTif. I M^- — 7^1^^ r/' CA>Aif or*fifi'i«f, 3 T'rnivw. Vai'\A, 
IMl-44.' — Di* prvMrtupA* f'^A'-niif in iArtr Anvftiihiifi -Jv/ A/jrivHttur 
BB^ Phyriiitfijif Aufl. C, Rraiirmcftw^iiT, Id+tt.— 7"** ('tm? ff/fu- 

CAnni< I'l ^At-^ Ati^'^'iititi'j u^^f W^"i<f/rv'' ""'^ P^thotv^if, Aafl. 
n. Bmi|t"-r-][»Hi|i_H, Ijlrt ^ J'Aj' j./wr lr'inttlll"i f-i/ Ol^^iMjy. LiillJou, 
lf47-— (.'.^ii*-"^ Bw\tff llt'JdnllK'i'j, IBI*. FiTiiii?i]iiLliuEi AnJ 
Eliccby; p- 1 tP— '^jy— royompriutuiin l-y Nunc A'-ni MnPhafm^ 



>V 



SuWitiiti-m. AiiH. /'Atfn», 10. OT4,— lUJioaU. Ann, P%vrm. 
%5, t.—Po\yhM\t Aeldr ,*«rt n^Jfrn. a«, MS.^Ctmpt^ rrnd. €, 
No, S!i klta y.Tn"- '^Aftfl- li, J^.-^fowpr. pvnrf. C. »E:* i ulioinfi, 
TAarm- 4*. yi , nliu ^ ;ir Chrm- 15, SS.— TrsTufrrnialioiii of 
A»nfii!-Ml Bodi*^ yinn, /'Artr'iii. 3(.>, aflO. — Fi^iin'ntBliun mil PMro- 
(inti-^r. l(iin'i«'riftM,Hr.k tfr-- ('Aftfii', 3, Hi? — Oiulalion of orpmw 
iM>inpp>aiifLi. Jfix. Ph'sriH.1^, 311- 

Zuridi, IKM — «R. ^ AmiilrK^ /'c./hj- <(T, 107, — Llvillng point wf 

Opgjinifl Crunpniimln; ^^jr? flfl, S.V'if, 
MiLiujL, — Atomip VoliimM k.nd tpolllnj; Pnintu ef Aiialii(jug* OfjMio 

C->mpoiiiiiU, Chnrt^ Sin:. Qo.J. I. ^rtS. 
K. UiTbtiEimiHit'ii. LfJirbutA Urr Chemu-. AuB, *, UrrliDH l»44i **p*- 

nlljB, 1, AMli, 1. 9. 124 — ihO.— TupiiklEMi lu^liU Pits^.m.t^U 

—J^pf, ChfTft a-J, 4r»S,--;V, Anfl, Chitrt. fh^n. 1,^, flflH- 
PfitorxK — *>l>jrc[loni lo tlio TLooryof SuWjIiitifpn. Ci^p rrifL 10, 

3^5; «ho J44. /'Afirwi. 33, 30] , ftlxi J. jir. Chnn. 20. ^(XE^ 
8cii4ARLifc, — AcEivii uF !4ii|i4/r'huBtu>l Gtnim on Or^nio SuTitUknuir^ 

r*^ flfl, |K4 *iii| .'137 fm^rofnlllvln a fpffflliJ work. Manuhoia, 

I«11) /s*^, G». Ofii S7, *5 /"^iw, 7l>. Si; ab«r, Jnn. PAinn. 

la, n«; ftl«JoA«»firr-£, *A', IWOh iTfl^ 
BenvLTEiu^AcIleti of a iiLLxtiirwDf 01i]e<Mi«id SulpharieulJ oikOrEiiDi« 

fSolnniKw: Ann. PAnrm. ^9,tX^. 
W«-MA»i«rw.^Etli*irlflptl[i(o bi)J 4 now oIuh «t Ethopp: Pkit- Jt<ig. J. 

37, a.vO; CTm, ,Sofl ^. J. 4, lOfl; Ann. Pharst. T7, «; CWjoi» 

«f>$ftll>: pa™. Jf«. Vw. /, 4.3iL 
Wi' It If- —'On 3 i»w PBiiH of AltcilijiilH iu>ft]'^u* Lo AniincitLJik- {Viite 



I. CowmiDTioit OF CiirT,kxn Oiiinii*irMi 



1^ Ctfponfitft. 

OtKfLiua enmimbDi!* ■?■) hikt bj- mnv innuui <lifi«ir fmn tho^ ef lU* 
inorK-inin iHi)p(<im in tho tlftrnjoU i^ wliinii th^yum rpflijn^, TU* 
■Irthflnu by wh^ph l1i4 formAF ftM |'TDJii«f-J an Jkbpwiv Ictuml ia |]i« 
liLlwr; but *tik all Ui» akiuVUU CUD, OQmWftO to funii Hi"inf»Tiir rtun- 
puuiiil', rmly 4 liEiiilnd tmnilwr uf tf^um ma C4p»lib uf rii»nD|E idmI 
ojmjhtKiiiljt nf tliip arjELiliD elaaL All ^rrjfJiiiir campouurli uuubkln ctilioiitj 
ni(Bl qF llki-m (nrjl^in hj^mgpii asil n^^rn; iv fpw c^mLniti aiLro^b; mid 
■ Tviy f«ff »alUD phiHpliDnit, lalpUiLF, lodme, bromine. f^hWini*, &^- 
Prujij tlilt tiiinfl miuibAt vf ^lomciiu, ilim un furmed wTcnl tbaaobd 
DFc4(iJL' I'UEiJjHniuiK diiliEiffuiklivd ffniTi vnd oJiulLar. titJin- by Ui:* 

l^in (^iiijwihio^ 14 Eh« jBTJi'^H by UnDi07if» iD«Uni«ri(', tiul pulj'uu'Trt 
rtUilinni. 

rarioA t> th« t>nW *?oro«it wLloL 1« «»enii»[ U nrjfwiie compflunJ*. 
Kvfr/ AD* of th* utbrr rlu/imuij uuy ba sbKifl from ptnjoalu mm- 
^wifiiti; but no oouipMiTKl, *bitb in tJL iu n^iJuus daw*** tlb« M«* 
«f OTfuic, itilHlituto ofMr1t«D. AefDrdJnffl/, hiiidhb u*! ftmniofllni 




L 



CO«TONE?JT£, 

MDDot iiroporl^ bo tp^htJ^J t^ ur^uiic mtip4fu]ii1i: it !■ truo that ul* 
Uiiaifiiiuc* fiPiipiilurutl lu rlilurlja uf qtuqjuuiiim, NH*CI, h luUic^'nir* 
MnpnTBcl witt hyilnfcliloriD t-lhcF, togrircic'l ju cUlnHdp of ctKyl, C*H*Cl, 
&cl; but iliom twn campodQd^ i|i> i^ot n<t\\y ciliilitt tliQ r^minLbricfl 
l^D* v^vLlii'ft Ui tLif m, iLi^ir JoooiiLiJOvitiJiiB ■lri'»tjih\ ■uJooil. rW tUfrj 
HHilaio tblOirJQO m WCbll^r Jjiremii j|uta of i^unibiiiiilEbU, 

hilhDrlo been ctjuudd intoog iuorgiDic 4iLtrtlnni>r'A, ■// i^arltQiJn aildf. 
nrboQio wH, niiI|iljii^o of mrljotij I'lroe^^'iLp, vflct ifdn^ Afi,, v? uiij^ht 
JoAii? Or^Htc Coiujtnmi't' dimply ai the C<impiiTtnJM "/ C-irbon. 

ilitt Dr^nla ooirtjruijojl'i iin? itill fuprbiT Uiii[hij{iii.ilLi^il Ly i^Dlumiitg 
Bore Ulvl cdo ^.I^iu of i?4fluu.— Tu ibla mpptJaiiiipEi tvt arc oftou lal b^ 
Ilia prcrp^rlton in w|>id]i lUo u^1lU1■llt« ntit ci^mMnMl. TIiie>, rjik&Duvn 

In other o"iii]4(jun(E»i tihf- nmo oonoluiJ^m Id duJiimd ttviri ilio pr^^iimrlitiii 
111 ttUeb they Ctciiltifiti fJth <M Ii4'r ■ulrtlnui.-o- Tlma, u^thi^ Di.'i<l OmdIato* 
equal udAl)«t« of ■tuma uf curlvu, b/ilt^pu, ntid <'Xj'guti, dinl iiu^lit bp 
ligudvdaj CHO; Imt 1 Ai, pnUuJi iuiidicm fur iL» nnLiUaluallon a quAii- 
iHy of ■□fil]<^ ncii'l PnriTi-jinniliitg ti> t1ii> formulft Cll^*, 

ttflUainin'i morri thsin rmi oifin of ("Thr^a, — [ly |irtntn-iy pfttnjunim^fk vm 
tti»D 9vi-h u itrv lint, Ii1.fi bicarboiialo vi putufl), nuiAo (i|i uf oltiot 

Ilyttroffn owuTif in niinrly *11 orgiitic i^rmipniinilA Ajaiiy if ilii-m 
««iitt df flu-bon mill hydrnp^ri Klonr ; and in tbuu ^'ilru-otr^Mm", 
«ne Dfnm nf tmrlififi iji euitjMbPil with unC hm than ^ Al, iiiiil iint nrni-e 
ILbd V Al' <rf hydrv^oti. Many otlj(*n aonCatD one ov icvcrol olljcr 
deceeiLU in bildiliimi 

Thcfo i« DO bFganic compovuJ c«iihu1jii;[ morely or cirW and 
fixygtfEi; l>u( vgEV iLiAoy aL-giinJc cum^H'UiitU e-^jpIxIh fxygvu latffllhur 
vitfa ALrhoD 41-iuT l^ytini^bn ur nliii^r i^IdhilmiLii. Ii Ia iruH ilmt lint hypn^ 
thi'l.«riilly -tfjhvdmuii ovbIjc itnil urocuiiip ap^tl< ikJ'O rijiiLjH^H*! nf CO' ^^r 
CO'*J An<L CO*; bot ihoip cumpoundri dj* n^t liiiowr iii tlip wjrtimiff 
•liit«, ihflir «i.i»lt.'aca bt^inf; nicn^ly ^i^piKLvciciiily nitunLcl ty ftriain 
ehtviittt. Tlio L|iiifciili!y of "lyx""" '" <»rtiiiiio npipdurnla it upvur lutli- 
dinnl In nmu^n lOI ih^i cEtrlntJi iiiln vnrlji^iif naid iiiiJ lit Lhri miixt tjtim atl 
ttro byilrnjcfin lutn wivLor, OtJi^iti iintJ, \tWich i-uuUiixir u Inrf^it pmiior- 
tlon of oiyjzcu than V17 cthrT iTginJc ctiri^ovn^l. i* cfknipnfUEl, wlitu 
Jtk*<l M f lU tu puMJlilc. lF (y'llO', aail li !■ usMciit llial Iti form SCO* 
kbi] HOi ccitr muru »tuEu uf uiy^oii hljuIJ Iil- rirquUi'd- 

Tbrtrn urn nfrw iir^ainri'u]Hj]tiimLlp,:;"thinly ci finr, cini-i*:ti"f FBlirvly 
of (vrloi mH l-'itrv^rn, Hid; v ryiniiigcn = (^r<, utiJ Mi'Iit^ti = C">*». 
Oil-fri opDUln tij'lrnjEQn, in ddditian. u Nlootiiic = C^''U'Nj AnJliiic^ 
C*'irN. (.'tlkoti fei;aiiL conUlii both b ^dfu^^tn kad ALi1|f1iiir, iti a-Ldiiii^n ta 
atUin iLiiJ iLilrMh'cij. ibua Oil 'jf Mun1iii--l=.C'II'\S*, ninl vory ninny 
f^niift uf eatlM»ti, lijri]ni|tD, iuyjpiiii, »iil| Entict^ii, huuh lu tlii> r.'irel'il^iiti^ 
n]ka]r>if'a« iibrmiil pTDiiiEfU uf nulriiji^n, j£«,< t.y-, Nvruimv=C"n'*yO''; 

Hivrj-ntri 1iLow>'« a frv nrfsnio <in<iilii>nn<lB rontqiniiit: mttliin^ but 
aibon 4dJ I'fUorij*^, ua CH^l^ C*Cl', C'CIV— Mudi rnopo f.P^iiipnlly, 
Cki<H'inf, BrBmirie. i(id /otftaff occBt b tucli tfomroHfld*, mocUud '■Jil* 
dlliai tlnDLPiita bvriiK'K mrbon. 



omsTiTUTioN iir awiMitt: tyovrtmtiiKt. 



An aiyULio oanpotind ruty conlAin from 



I 



from t*4 (4 iiii alvnrmu. Cjai^j 
ujerasi"'^: w <T€iii tc I lU =!.■«■<./■. Ln'a=CH'?*'Oi', rbt-mi-Hlliriimini- ' 
lir>^r"H'Br*a\. Albiirmm (saionUng to Muiart-) = r'^i["''>'-0*ST 
= I ClC-l i"yH} '*> + S* -t i'. Thfl ntiniber erf ilrais nf wibon Uid li j< 
to priiJiftry otju.o.ic componodM uiy ■mount Ut klAmt 70; bul Titer a 
vf u>yj;uii'itLui:i« uafcr e&oei-'il« 2o. titd Ihjht of (lit> utbcr )iU>mihi amirai 
to (ihly 1 lu t- 

£, JThii uumi/trw f^tAt Etnunfary Alam*. 

■I'hiiii, rJLlinrS I'f I, <^ P, 10, *rti., ii|i |q flft, Ii] tliv fclloffinji, lnvKPTtr, 
tlic nutnbpr nf rn-rbr^Ei-jilumi ii urn^vrn; MrBniu-tl« %elii = C'Uiy^ Ccvcunid 
•oiJ^C'ILO", nrraoonir iv\A = C\i'0'; IlBconk uid ivtd Lmmc moid 
= OllH)', rv'i.tw(irif wiJ=C*TI'0*, UlioJiauuioBtiil=CHO^tTj;&iJrii> 
■CMJ^C'irU'. mill hiiiplii> uiiJ=C)N>. Tlmw itm-]iEic»ni ntnj ]» ^l 
rid tfif bjr ifui1i]iii£4 Hi (r^rUMdt dittt. tho nicmii: wei^hu eif ibMBafU^ 
nrl ^nMi|i]ffDtlr tho dUDbvraf llif[r ['•Hvau-almnn^nirhqrvliy ■ mvouAwa 
ma'A U ivDJnnil tilaaic, fenJ i bibuii- aciJ O'Ii^it jfikiT^ ocS^tJ Ivuiprv 
(tUHlFubM^e4 lii wi»a o( ihtw hjJa. the du^kstim >fpMUt lo ba 
JoAlilUil by iheit bvlikij^iir witL «*Jl£*blD Iiak*. ribile in olbca it ^ 
bwIt inlriHjivnl la uitVfl (Ira uuiubeT uf cikrLuo-iiotiu orva. It it 
tvmmt^Mhlf lliAt ,^ ii iili]it»L lli« billy upwpD bunilwr lIj^i Uio cdrioO' 
■Aoiui nn iHtfBinr^ In miuv uf tUu klLBinidf, Kl*a» di9 tulyBU brl^irrtu 
vi*4o (irp nwicn nmijlvn trf Ofbt^n-^Lonu* & ^.l in PkottdanurpbiDe, 
CoJ^JBi^ Bm«Aibff, utJ TUiijciiioAiui^ CuruUttfiii/f. ivitnrtt, liw Jift>mlCf 

of ncfa m^ljMP, Aa vclliu >L»tiiroguialau« tbftllLivtcvii^viwJvdMtaW 
inm Hit lo 40 Ktiuu of cubOici, ts tfaiU a tU^hi «nvr la daUminipV lb 

nrboD-ftt*4i)k% i' "">*r f^»«n«*bljr b^ bcpp**] lluj lii^vc ricrjaiuiu vill 

ll« MM lit ibr kioflM n Ae olbor <r«mfnti vbSrb bit »«Kal*J with 
cw^M ID ID orgviJO mapoaad, U bLnrW mIibdM iJirAp «» vt4« 
niobhfr 

AB lur4nauioi)* <ti^UiB trva tvifiTKf* of bvvtMMi«|«mi : C'IP. 
<?!!•, CW, 0*B\ <rH', r*H", C-lf , At [mc«»i %• lftJkftl> (?H\ 

HidiUrir htl 1^ nmipHMii vforboH with Hilariu* aibih* *rta 

aiBiiM<of'c«tnha*«iwiL na\rxi*, 

Bm Ift Cyuatgm, C*X. iln nanUr nf lAing— niwii ti n«nfl- 
U vtvpawi eanUuiof lv« «V kiotr demnilt %iiUb« aitav,, «w4 
of lb* fllaOHla MMiAtis** acnn n *■ ''■^n nuBbsr of bIc^a Xn« 
M M * IP" Bcnr widi 1^ gr^tr** in^tmief ■■ ih« «jr>* **>d vilpbar 
Mwa, Id iHhfr iwm. bovfvvr, l< i« onlf bj »4lifu: twAvr IW ■iibh 
(4 t^ wTvnl «l«dKD(a ttki ■■ fvffl nunUr h ^UaidcJ! Ihm^ tm llw 

t :-0 ^ »1 uik]B«T«i lo ib» Arv : CHCl ; OH"} ; C4rGB0; 

aC-H-Xi I-f»»l»C-irNi l»Jir>-^C-ll"NO»j CUa«l«C*IKM^; 



I 




HOOI OP COMBfN.trrON OF nLBUtNTABT ATOHF. 7 

l« molir ihctiijnihftnii>v«ivBiiil willioiit m*i jmiag uij othtr r^siona, 
JootiU till" kEiiinlo wi-fjjlil fi rM- '■nrrifn'jun'l. mnViiki; ii=:C*ir'N"0*. Tli** 
tXiviptitdi j> IlIluw'iiu ^'ilnbiloil )-y ii-'rUirri urxunir' ni'iMn Oiulie ucjr] ;= 
W!0*: M*niti(i «ia=t>HO'; TuriiLhr ami Hm^'m.o iui<l = OH"0": 

« f«4 niti>n. Bur Lh« liffb bnifin^ |Hiini> laf vtoni af tfki^" i-:j-I<, uml 
tbcTr Jr|iutlintEil wuli AlIflHTtTfr ti0ac% n^iulrr jE j'IoImJiIu tfrfit tlivimluiu^ii 
V4)ruhl «b»iil J he ilitiilik'J, ^vlii-Tolrv tlirj wr>iiTil W cihnVL-rl<<rt fruiti muno- 
Iw^ la hihntk LciJi, Tbii4 : Cxdic avia=C''H>'0-: MLllititt AriJ^ 

TLIt Inw of tbp JTvi-n .VunAwY ^ ^finhi pfqwnl iy tntircut Ig 
Of^rliapill h vji[itc^ieA hy llicni nn folluwn fmLojitlni* iJin ui^riujL- ifdiAttM 
of ibff ii1«jii4'uU AH ^'Wlt in tfiia Uitnd-liuuti]: if iTio Hlcmic woi^bt fjf at? 
crgitila comjtnuiifl In Sbul at iiurh An ALimu^it llmt iU v^pfuj fili4ll Iki 
ili-at'irDia fl. W — ilTj, iir ^uj-rt-nlinj; iit Tha imnBl "njilo of cij^mBli^D, 
"Ui^lt wJI bo vijiliLLDVil a\ iiKukiii^ of tlio pTiipiortjH uT iifjpnjD tum- 
jiQMtiflj,) (Lnt oriQ iLlooi uf tbo <H>jit]»ouud lu llic futni uf v-irour ahiLn 
vr^iuyy 4 voIuEii'v, tbtit tliO follmrtDj; r^uxnttljei will bu Jivuiblg by ti 
^I I Tbn miMjbrj' <]f Cafboii-nlouiii in ibv ci>di|JDun<l ,—);!) T^k^ f^uiii i>f 
l\ia H|jiin« rtf irjrJmt,'"". Tnt!in<*, B«nninn, riilihnnn. Nitnuji'ii, a^A MoWj 
»-- (-ti) TliCflJiMi £^i1ii^{4<p|iit of Oiiv)i^n,StiIj'L"r^ ^l-'iiUjiii, nful 'IVIlLiiiuiu. 

Ttjl* n)Eii|« of ituiJnj; the taw rciDovon mfti^^ oicrpihoiif, ivIljcIi Kcm 
1A |»ra«Dt tlicmaut^id *t fml ^iiibt, If tbfi fvnuula uf ctlifr ba OU'D. 
(b« rmnil>€if of aioaif lifhyjlnif^'ii »nJ of t.x^jti-ii will ^i* iiii*i*"n Afii'urJ- 
inij Tn till* pn'riidinj Uiw, brpff<'\iTi tld'i nl'jiriJo WJiij^lil <■! f i nry fpr^;aDii' 
(vuijwmn'i irij*l be » cftT*blk*l>fi1 <niit ijj iiipoiir mny bd <3i'flL<.TnlD, or 
tItLkt oLr nroui of ic may tKuupy 4 x^ihi{ne4 f^f vjip^ur. I{fpi;i.\ alncn 
dbrsr— C<H'n fivi^a buf 2 voliLnmri uf vi]'iL-ttr. iu fuintLilt uiiiit lia iJtoml 
III f^H'^O', iKiiI ibi-ii it will ^rv*i i vjjIuiui'h i>f V4]'"ui', nuJ llu^ iLiimfH<i' 
nf qJnmtj 1ii>tb -if Iiv^im^il Firifl oty^im. Mill bn nvk^n. Findly, iLJllmiri;!! 
lUi Ibw ia t[iJ) aubjpci t* certftUi <xi'*'jitiflinij <nin*? qF whioU' mjipciaIIj 
IbM of tytui'tfpu " Cy, (jiDiioi cailly bc^L rbJ «^, It la. ii«voFtbi:]i->t, 
^rtU vDrlby (fT ij[iiitii]i'F(itiuii» jiii» !i liulil* ^'uod luibcpVbiiT iiuEiibiir 
of caiSDih It upiHiari lo bn ihw U> llm ImicliiLiry of tha Atoiita In rk|>]»F4rpir|j 
cmouriibcr v neb Hy lU |^njuibln. wlu^oiu iWiu rv-nUi- it mnrv 4>r LnMi 
*^in?lrlMl ttmr^ioflT) vltlqb couJil uol w wll i«1m |il»n if ibo 
iiBHilen of ktoiui won uuctcd. 



L 



Sirnv tli4i ^irriifiLrU ftf t|jn vt'^iEitUii iim! iLPiiiml Liu^Iuinh liuv^ Inrnp 
mid« tho aiilijJM-li "f rlioniiaLL invriiLJi{ii.lif>i], 11 biu buuii nUihrtv^ iLiit a 
«beaiical djHvrcm^^ uEtia I'clw^tn thc4i* prn^luct^ lunl llmm uf lJ<r inin^if 
ItJae'tuui , bul the iiiiiai« uf tblt itiUrfutin bn> ibc«'«r brvn ALjftificDlJy 
iriDOi> «iii1. \l (ri«r, elii'fMJiU v^'iu cciiiUhEuJ tvii^i MrHbJUi- tbr^ Jiffnrrorit 
1<i vta^Lf^r oi urik'iHi invdriiLtli lu ipr^nir <'i»i>]|ioiiiii]> mv {vfiin:'\ in plariLv 
stid quini^l*, whiln iaof/fnnir K.inf^-iuiiil* iienir in (Hniiiiiiii.lo L»lufr, or an> 
jtnulnr'd utifli^uTry, niji>tni'r- mnrp lor-rnt jiiv#<ti|pi^uiiv bpn'ii Bbawn 
ibil <vil4ifi coni|jiiuti-]i«< (tbvum-l^ i-f otjstnk itaEiirn^ mny hit irtifidally 
itrvJutnl rciuij lULTgrtiiii' iiiuCf nnlrv ibrr ■Lifllr^ul.ii'iL Ann b^bEtr Icnobli^ 

IlfFibltit* iAfti. I'hiL 4, :;2;E,) runm'rly nllriirfitpJ tbu foUiiArirr 
mdj^ iTif dintbcitnn. All irvkr^jHiiic ^idiiijiinjn'l" ii.H' bjiiiiry , Ul urvu-HM 
r>iiri'irqDj1a, trmatT. itiiatornAiTp i^uiniiry. dT nriiary, TI]li*» ad mur- 
nnif <v>m|JOim'l, »lcu Jt oontmnn inorri ibwi i.wn t<liim«EaU. may &|-wtLy« 
be J^viiLH into Ivr'j piLFbj Fruni wbii^b a^in U inhy bo rrcoiu^c^od^iE^idit 



CONSTITUTION O? OFKUHIC C[>MPOlTN:>a. 



of lh<*o T|"^'»'nE*''Wf ■impio, or iuolf Jlvmhlft inU Iwomrti, wj 
tD OD, Tbiri KOtSO* 14 ll>« bmnr^ ruiu^umiil vf KO 4niJ &0\ tho Ant 

ud 0*. Or|[,-knic oampamiiK cm tlif* fonlruv, cohUiti iLiDh) ihu Ivo 
cttmciilj ; uiJ tbffav uv ^Ilfvclly ^ Ljmbinod lat^ n wIiqI^, wilbbul htlvg 
pnr'iitiufy uiiiltd inio liiiihry ouifJiiuuuJfi. Time aJci>bal. CJl'OV M a 
tontlj flompcainj^ utd paiihuL h-\ niiniUvl Into adj tvd eonLpuuDiliv 
Aj■^^D of rvptwiiiciiiff iilccthi'l I'T tlmir uiiiuii, ftf. 

filnff^ Lawavfr, it Ijh ht^a laan^ tfinl inuty rQm}''jmuU, whjcli mail 
noAUviHIy bfe rr^fsjod v orj^nlo, i^iw\i m <ii1 i<r luriwEiUnP, Aud luuiv 
Olhar Tolhtilo oilrv k^ oonaiaL uf uiilv Lwu i'If'tiidiiUi. fruti urt'r llivrnfdfvi, 
biniry ovrapoundi. tUi ut^Hlu of diu[JiiHj|luu <?hu uo luir^'i-r L« niiLi"Lninf<1. 

WiLiij fjlbvi clwuiiM*» ua iJiB cuutrtiv, ro^tdcJ 'ir^t&rp CLuujiuuiidt 
w fifnrivt^ ]>j iba DQJDn v( ctLth^-ntr ciidr, nrlHiuic lurjj, yriljtT. mtXth- 
g^ iC^U^), lAtdn-nl fni CC']I^)h urn) iillif<r vlijikUr biiiarr compatin^ 
ftmnn^ thi-iriHclvtfl. Titiit (foy-I-HMiiq r-'Lnr-li>ti uli>»1ii']t r^lf*('', ba * 
(umpnuM of ordltiiL UH, C\i\ willi GUO , mLjIc I>ijljDrviiJci fcgvrdtd U 
»j n i^iitAp<iEiiLd ot I At, citrtoiLLc icJJ * tiU ^ Al mif*b-fM> ■^Eoh h« 
TiDtvL^J Ai 411 imtfi^iiic lEQiniHaLinil, CH\ Tmn'r (Chim. awlKiii- *€*,) 
jUttibntc4 to wCin uiiJ, C>H>0*, [i>r. ri^rniuU C?l]\Ca,CO'.HO, uil 
kltvrvL jh A ibijliir nionnrr Ibc ritromtio of mott of Uio nibrr udd^v 
■inmirij- to tb«in I At v^i^r, I A|. jzitlunic »Ld, ud 1 Al njbnbitf 
ojdJ< t«dj (uriDnl. MiUcIioiliub u in^ljiicd ta nffjud bunujo nciJ, 

■■Diii|t[icitiJi ivm fimiirlnd mnndy nn (lie pQtfibihLy laf inuiJiHinami; ir^r^'iin 
ODmpGUH'U, bj' rrriam fnnicd i,i dHOTiij>oiJiiorj Into wkior, ntfcoDin cpiiiI^ 
arbaaic uld^ l^c, vMcli cuiuiroL □ Jn, buwuvcf. do nul really QxiU m 

ducvJ 111 tbn i|irairiii|KMi[iuu ; in n wrtM, ihcty am nut rvIucLi buL prvduf;!' 
«f il4Vimi|iniilEDii, Hud ivfLiinl WuiTTnoari bp mii4n In unilu lo m to 

7roiiiifo thi? (prJijinDl colii)MDmL MvrrotCT) lUin motlv d( tjvt adntil* 
DaOHruut Lypvllmu ru<|ici:lia^ iJia ■Liim l^oul|lOl|Qd, aII tquily Hbi' 
Irm^, mad tuitiribciMi Qi^iliiiig En a ^ntintl tWw ul tli9 eumulutiua vf 
4q^L0 ciaDi|ir)iitidL 

Tfa« aarv vkzicI knovlodfc of ibo ruTniiuiilJoD lud diKULnpHllinti* of 
OTfBale eoi(t|^i>Uh-l4, u1>1iiiiiDd hy ibi' Lkbuur* vf I^id oioml <[iitEii^ulfcL?4 
ebvO^vl' in h-l^uI Limra, Im* oiimiI Ihn jkbi^vv-invaii^^bcd viettt tu bn fur 
Iba ni»l |4rt alimdniiol. tud Lb* fobttituted for tbpra Lvra impotUnl 
ibtoriH. »iiifli r^t i-rnMnt m»j t* ««id (a *oon?nd ftif tho Yioiatj, And 

r^f ih^tr individual AitLi>miI«. 

Tlic C«t uf Uinc tln*ori** i* lT»o /[?fl*/i-wX-Jlftiry, er Simtr^T^titry 
of BtrBfUii*; tliA a*Aiiid, rhn A'Ke/«>f» JA^t^ 4*f t^imni, vhiob, biir- 
«t«r, i« ibtimautj ««DDKu4 filh ibc T^p^Fhrwy, or ^ka6l<biii|£Bi** 
r^Hry of Pumu^ 

ThO eli?oiei»(*f¥ Mnal^iia of %n or«nie cwnpunud jivr'f mowly It« 

III* aumWrt of niJin- of ibo ooutltmatiL Tbos ^'^* ompiEJcal tannilB 
of JMolIo ot^ja drbi^lnit?4 « for u pwibb ftr tf. u Olt'O', Snob « 
^fr^l■■dl^ hbVovtr. doH nol jnfarni m in vAnf Bkntifr tbva* 13 ftldDu «M 
IImJ MicotJii^r. Ti> dcQblo ifcia h lb* <Mt'\ i>f <Ht ilTd'tHidf ^vmhIh. 
Bat ■• Lb« ftlmu 4r« 



I 



■Uj 



nenl fMaiwt b« iittd* ilo lul jri^ »>f Jintvt oWi'ait<fjit ii in ovldtut Uuil 
lfc« ntiaiul fwnulfe r«ii oiilf l« b/|wilirtimllf o*(«bU»1t#d witL Di»n or 



^^^^^^^— BADICAI^TireORV- 

lifw jirvWIiility. from tTjci uifMla vf rurniiiiiun mtd J<icoiEt|pHLtiua at imiO 
u'ld, hihI ]>y Duni^iiriMk; ilmt BaluttAim wtth nLhrr fDDipuntiJji. TliQ 
rtliuniJ fofihiJft, occoMinK tu Ihc nuiioiltlicnry. i(> t.^.. C%*4-0 + H0, 

riMclcaa llioury ^(ivuii fur rlit mlluiiELtfr-riiiuU. i:HW OU* ^ 0', i.f,f 
Kiliylcnc tukhnatuio) 4 1 Oiygvu, vUiylon? l^i[iatliaauc1iiu>^^^rC*K^« 

A. HAntfii'TrTDUKT. 

Apcnrdiiig (n RrJielba {f*^^- *»> 2»!); aW Ann. I^nn. 9\, Ij 
AirtLor LfJii-l. AnA, >'i) 1^ DIB), tW poculW ^LfinuiaHa u^i^Ulod fcr 
llrJn^ filantfl hdU aonEiilA hfu itu*?, itut tir fl tjUlL forca, or lu Hvomk uioH 
krcoflj Lul to i^trtiiJEf 4JtrciiErLi[:in[:eD c<>ntii^i-'EAif tag^tlior in ft Ji»uli4r 
lUftiiniir. uudiT wEiicL tlia orHinnry fcrcrB of nAlDm tuv piritftd to acti¥iL<r 

(ij|-aii)0 cvm^UfltlM niiLv ^<* Mif'TiDi] {iv\n tUai ^UmU cildIj id the Inorj'aDio 

kinfiloriL Aa luur^ii inimiE'' tuubLsi uf lui clKi^tn^ pDaitlvo raiJJcikl 

BOtlcJ wilU tnj-jfcii r^i itfi'.f >. lL'[!Ui>-i]u^iivo boilv, ff, ij,H SO'.ilCI, KCI. lO 

of InDTicViiiic tfii(iiFJ4>4i]ilB na aiiop]?, ivhilt? tbii"C ->f ■jr^'iiiiia bujie* ura 
eoin]M>i*ikf] I'itu tt iJic imiAi iin|t'irtjuit ■'( rill illntini^liriiiii ln-tweim orgkikiq 
«jirL mimi^dIp:? com|iouudt. Sutli ci^uipptuud iwlii'ulp aru i^il^i^r t«mfNihi>f|i 
(^r<.«rl^ii jinj LTjnii^un, ** tViinyJ=C"Ili Mfltliyl^C"!!'; Aietyl=CMl'j 
lllljyl=C'*ll', Jtc; ur uf ciLrbou, liVLiEogDnt and tilLm^ii. u* ]u-I«iie^ 
C'll'Xi n» nf 4iart)i>i>, li^ilw^n ami nmonlfl, u ('iinuilvr=C^U'A* j ur tjf 
fcibflfm, liyili-L-ij^pii nnrl miilpltj;!'^ Hiorc nm iborpforo, bm*ry, t^rDnry, iwj 
|>rrhii|ie llira ijUA^^unrj niJt«li la he <lutiii£tiuheil. — All tb^ en nllcd 
etiicltu-riOj^iiiivo LuJii'», ^ui Oh C\, Bt. I. %rn *mIuJbJ from (ho ri'linilj.— 
(Liobi/j bckI W^^hlcir Junlndif iLiiiiinjf tbn ndlohla rartnln oiiilixisL li^Jm- 

i|B»j bo RnHr«l u lyih\-ti} o{ bpnwyl=C"HSJMI, and ihi» lAt H, 
^ttjbonpMcod bylAt-0, CI, nr Ur: bivt Dcneliua r^^U tha Euppoutloa 

WiLh lliiwi nwiiiuklii, wludi ]ii;;.y bii cniii|iiirrd villi matulluijiil coin"^ 
ptnniili, fiurli D>i ummitniiini, T^ir lOrntm-rtr^tivarli-muiila, niygi'ci, lulphtir.' 
c1kIorinC> biMlnibP, Ac, uoito in Jifl'«r«iiT, ui^oibprit at alam', utni JiirRi 
u^Hk Boiilf^ idtbidu. brumjJei. cliloriiEce. Aio. Tbc coni]H>i»iU» ibu* 
fuiQied ujecu^qlfu t^I uitU'uiit laiibur whii uilu vLoilK«r Uf wilIi moi^iuiLo 
Cuiii[»iii]i1l In iiu>rgiLi)ti' uumpiKtEiilj, duq ntuin nl u r*di(.«ii] pip]H.'jira I0 
ha ohjabltf c^£ aTiil'tii|E nilii nut HKim limit T At. axy^^n, «. </,, HvrclLUtia 
■dd^ClO*; hdlI tboHhini^ ]4"- ^pponn T\>UldgoodTi]ih rc^ikrd [oi>r^kjV 
CViapouudj, 

ndiab]' cuiuihljiig uf cnrbun uiJ liydfu^uu ht>vu mubu* pndihff In ytf 
ttvm i'\^. mutrrF; Ouiw wlm^li c^tiiliiiii ciulruii and tittuiji^ii iC'iirriLlly li#vo 
naniM fiadtn^ m in nr aiin;/^, nn Cy(Ul<iJ{nii> ind lb* lauu'iii uf (buM 
oonlAinm^ r^'fltODt Ijyilrt'j'fn anil i>iy;crn, ^nd in rar"! nn Inifnnc 

MftLiy i<iliIoA (Mid ai^'idn c.itj>i4ilii yiintvT to intinuklcly cnm^tbfhf, Ihni 
It CftADuE to iupnf3l<'d fri>i]t tbcJU by btut^ lu uEilV thla byd^otinn*, 
wnlerar bn^ic wntct impplii^ llic pluc oF it biuo, ud In Dot i^iti-'ii ult lil] 
& ttrqiLE laliAtlda }iui\ BUfh u |>itt.-uh, Irid-fiiid^:. or jilvtr-dxidi?, jil 
iDtri>dDCifrd< uill » do|;rQ4 f^ hiAt npphnd, nLryinif occDrditijf Lv tbn noturV 
of tLo v>id. Ilk wliK'b fuW) Afli^r (lio n«tiir bqi hrfrn nt^iiAifil, ■ [>ii|iiiinDnl 
of tbe Ino nalijdruuii upjil wUb t^tu btuc rviuftiiin brbind^ ThuKlbn 
Igwefl Atate of bydiatioa id «bjcb untie loid am br ubUinvd it (but uf 



10 



CMPfSTITUTIOH OK ORCANIC COMI'OUMiH. 



iii bwtlo ftp[il, Clf*f>*; but lUfrcmipOUDi! with pCiUj^,wli«D |liD»iig;t1j 
dnO = KOC*ll*{)', llcriivi f(|iujdl at'iilicauiJ i^iriitulitB I Al, IpHin wat*r; 
It ^H ri liviJntCt nf rtJiiilrn iri^l, jiiiH muxt tu i<iprnjga*d hy tlw fiirmuU 
H0,C*Jl»6'. Tln> Utjp util.yclrou. Mvtio MiH Jn ihcrrfoni^C'H'O', uil 
fOEUiaU tif ft iBdJcd (died A»tjl> CII*, UDklod wilh 3 At uxy;ri.-j]- If 
thi4 ACDlyl bo ili^tLulL'it )i^ Ac. ilif tlmilnrilj' tmLctun lliu uuiit|ruEbrJEl>r uf tin 
dipiniduriil iin jnnrfiirurt ;tfl lutiuun'M HpimniHt, OiJ ^f vtlrn>l=HO^:S0'; 
A'-oiin HLiIifiMO.Arn'; SiilplAiq of poinaLsiKOpi&O'; Aoou[4 of iiMa«b 

Aoi^oiJio^ 1« iLia tboory. OtPr^ ur^iJiic bufJy ri (HtTjiini cihmuPbiid 
Fwlk'ul, Or & FuritjKitinJ uf auDli k rvIiAii wiLli aiy^ri c^r uthur D|i>?tn*- 
Ei{^[fd.i]iii rltinml^ naH fiwiinotlj hJjki wJiK wnlrt. Qranff rb*nil"trr it 
iberrfi^Tn ilip Ifoctrinr tf C«npi^ii«H H-t-fifffi. Ttio rn'lii'jLl Ifl llie 
coQflaiit flcmoQl in a nr;« of coini^uTtdt. la ^upti i dumiiNuuil, it [■ 
■n»Mfirf, «Ti lh« «iiv 1iu.i)il, dial Ihu mtlrosl be ri<|-1ti4<i<iLlilii 1»v utlmr 
boilici, [iD'l, on ibu i»Mtiir, lliuf lli(* rli^rtioulB roiiiblijii'l wiilt |tir m^licul Ihi 
c«|fiLb1? of Ixiin^ »tjjp||f*l l>if a forrrapomlitnf tmm!M»f if Hc-mr nf Olbtt 
pTi^ine'nEit. Tfm rbimln, fur thn mo^ T'^'^i ^■■■'<^1 ^n nhiniud hi ib« 

toitirv; Imt Anlrj'iruud nilrir bo^ id nnhDOAD ^n tliP lopfenlo atiUi^ laj 
^1 riv f ]iijUEi« II tiiBuincJ* (I.i^liff, Akh. Pkarm- SJ- »-) Radiril* *r* 
«B^l1a vt Inking up mun Ui4ii T aloma ^^f □lyfC^-n ; thiw Kintn hf^M 
cbutamfl ft At, utd Clinic ewIiI, T At. pf crxjfA- (Uabi^i ^njt. /^niL 

Th? mJii»lj ATB c<mipDiiaJi hi vhltli tJl Oi« prupoHln of lh« f^lBnini- 
ftify bod\« kro EV|>r<KlDi'««1, If^vrru! uf Jliom. v cyuiagfiii, phy tJin jaft 
pTcblariDVor mjfou ^Bnwrliui (£<Ar{v L, ATS) plHawdTuojEvp niDniitfvi 
ibomnk cfimpoLndal; oIliRii m\\t lu ^lQt^J]. brnvr^l, &0,. rrf^mTiilv tu 
ni«EaU. In minan! Rbmnittrv, ibn m^ifali ore itinjitis: ta omnic 
climntUjy, tlifj mrv K*im^mfX, (L\thig aaiI Duuuui J- pi- CVktm. 1<, 

Tlift m^tiHty (»f rbemUii bfv Id firDiir nf Ibn ni^lin] Ihmin, LEtbiE 
Hdopt* it ia bii wurk^wiEb mrtAJn mniliAnrliitnfl, IniT neT<vthol«« rwHw 
tlitf vminpEinii nf thi* mibntiiiiliLtn nf r^ilririur fvr LyitrogeTi u ■iJahiibTo. 
tlifTrrbjr 4rptn>tt|> tmm (be nj^d elHlio4b«iiilcbI tbecr^of ndicdiL 

7haftJniEHJ0D<iif|bi#l1miTVi>iL(l«pddc1irjl1t fbAfnllAiriUK^^fliriLUiH: — 

Thn iltcirLiifi of f-dnipnqnil mElimK if Din>iit<*iitTv fallflirtti ouf, ftj li 

Jmif TiT Brrfitliui {L'hftT Aiifl ,1. ]» CtV^OOJ. placH mkBTveUb tif 

Tfhvioiiilj or(^nt« fbamftcr in ibo hal of iDowaie bdd*^ TiGas anlb 

■fiiT. fIfW /'r ff, tiu tlrf cuiamniliijii CIIO*, EjuI tJiii AriTr]H>uiii1 i* Fnp- 

PjHil tu cHjQtJiJii UIOh wIjil-Li I* iiiwii vQ wbi'ri th" Ari'l ri'iiLbir^* with 
SO undrr the indqmicn uf bi^iili ihi-rr thru rtimiiciK iho fompoond 
C*PbO*, flir, uowfing tn BunDbup, PbO.OC; i.r,, & fonjptjoud <4^|fm<1' 
OK^dfl with ■> OtAlic Kdd d«pm*d oi tu baido WLter, — a ENPiufimnd ant 
knovd ^n IbtHpainM flBl«, nd buriD^ ii»rdjr ■ hrpoiliDlJml rti^ipnm, 

IAriJi tapi>die4 te *|M Id tofti fe «*Blfl vill K- n^li^T. in thi« Han&^oak, 
fpMArtHanlf arr^i/ir«d seirfi^) flinv no*, invnliiif tn Ibb vi*** llk» 
iTflE' Qifelir mci'E ii C^O", ti !■ « compDuml of cxjnn. dt4 wllli a auapoiioj 
W wjlli ft f^mjilfl rviiral^ C. »riil conH-iucBlTy bdoD^ lo ^|l^eh■ft af 
tonffinie ftri'U Ii atut ihHvfore btk* lU pibv ami^ng llw »tjy> 
•■(npoiiriJ* tl «mr4«ii, bolaMa rvbctnie utjilu acd curbnile leH; 
CO.CW.CO', comfuiuliiif la tb» ondra cf mujpuvMD. for T^iwrphy 

■■UrAfw Mrtt HidL •>4- IL. S»^^ » lb* dOor )»>< iW ^.vAw «f 



I 

I 
I 



KADTCAT^TllEOltT, 



n 



bft, Mp^', Mnfy, Nd» UinTfl in nv kiio»rD emmpln of a oompwoJ of 
RUtutiut<t< Willi a nublk^r ijuiuitify tif oiygon, formfn^ n imnv^F 

'Qjvgvn. DuL t>iL]E4-^ u'ld it unit uf tliv Htruu/jUht nf ktiowLi ai'ii^n, imd 

aiipl rlii»t!hPiti'kn ui'nU; wLp^Ii, wTi^n ilri^d urr rr. urv^miijiuit'l of L'*HCl*0'" 

LiK eLu lumitlx; <,'\;rO'; DO"; CHT; TO"; ud (^0'- 'Hi-* 
ftiEiJ* liltDftiKo roQUiin Inn okyj-i<q lliim iTLrluinir ii<^j<], jitlH nrmi of iLi'ia 
Iah rrnn ibftTi nnrlnprtm utiAo , hi;1 iiL'«orthr1iv E^H'^' nti" al.i'PFiigr'r aoul* 
iTiM «H>t>VLp v\'\, I.B-ilv, cMuriNUc mid Uhm lUa moir InUnidtA 
rclailon tu t^iatK vmi. C*M*U*. Acoi'lc uiJ Si cuiltotLthI by chlufiuo UjLo 
dLlofiniEld uiiJ. will tlio JiilTnr I" rirnrir^fUrl into ivativ JiciJ Uy UiB 
■fCJciii iif puUktajuiii nifl nn-tiir, TLn LWiv ru^iiTh rnm-inbfK nna JiTintbnr 
mvc nhaivly, ImrTi tn itinnr-rtrofl nud In ttolf b«11« CUonuwtJif wrid 

tliloridff vt illw; wltervoB clifDHu^i wi »}i ihn Juirr^-LLDm ourrjjHtunJir l( 
tohii'L il fiiniii tliH nlot'lrci-piij^Livu idumtwl, jJuliU with wlviir-milut^mi* a 

&> rviriovo ihii dlfflcuU^ ^ uiuDim>; llio u^Mloim nf liujftihtr Todicvl)'] 
Id oaruju oumpoupdj, m mlJitidu ta lIid nrjiuvy binary, iFraarj. kOi, 
quuUTiLiJ'y nirflimla^ Iti IIjumi xicrjruUr ni^tiiuiUp two ivr iiiurti titiiirLv uT 
carliub qpa u'liu^^ JtH" n. fii>iD]H>Liricr 4li>in. H^fifiiaLioiLllv miliy Jruni) , 
tikalir AcuJ, CH1\ 14 fcrrmnd hy the uJii''T] of & Ofina|H'amI i^fliial. <JAiry^' 
C, copfriMini; of l^o Aimpto 4tvnii <<! cucbvii. »ltL 3 Ai oi7Eci>, H^b^- 
buJaJic ujil, C*0\ IfiMirf r-i c^iirlMiun: aL^nl, C(J\ uitt llfO frliillon Httich 
bv^'iilifljufiT^ bi'mJ, ^0°. Ih^ut* tt> »ul|p]iurii^ ui'iil, 60', lnil iTinl wliluli 
Viiliiliimc ,'U'iil, SO', Iif on li* jiiilpliiirDU' uifl, SO'; fur (Iiu two ilimiA of] 
BU'Emu, vLJE-b m Thft r>xii]io miH £f« cninlMTimi nillt tliA akVfrn, innxt h^\ 
ptK«iil'Nl w an inillrHllib u)<1 lU4*L'airi|Jo ntom, vWr^-u in h^pnintvj 

For ibii BAiiKiiiJlKJib llirn- i< im fouTidbliuEi ^^liiiIiTtOF; tor otfil^c ncjJ lt\ 
nw>I*4d into CO !*i(d CtF iin fi^ilv ii" hyjHMHiljklmnd mjJ into Uf)* mil'l 
SO*j ihv ifiHPT^^nltiliEy of thn turltin nt^mA i> by nc mfii-nii 4j>praD(. 

wmpoiiruli. Till? fini'I i>f [liii th^w ivliitb in jirif^Jil'ly r'uritKir. |pi^[ iThii?h| 
iinot forUjor nittrMHi W L^^i/.'. cywiiiilc iu llni, - T^hT. hl r.«»bo ui?i'1, m>4. 
tfiQ oUior iiciili jmif utPiiLJiJEivt!. curlM^a furiut llic riL'titivl, Hud '.■iiEvn wUF 
a«i* duib oEt*4C<iin. But Lii^t<pvl of >m(EtiLiEJ^ iLut [biitr h*««Eml ktoini 
«( Mrttm a»it* fliy fKiUn^ii^n^ inin a ryimitEiiind n^/m, it !■ ]»^'rliu]u bdllar 
lo tupnriAi? iJbHi ihn >^<ii1inik'ftL<pDi4 liavr, by mtua <it iin'ir ivjfiuiiv, m f^it^ 
yO*«4 llirih«l*vi itm»iii^ fli« i^Ut^r tLomt i>f llic itrj^imo i^inpitEiixl^ ibnt 
lb« ba(«tflr»aDi>ui utoiiit i^ui^b oiiu naatlLfr in u many potnU m^ ['amthlo. 
But ih'm Tiatf ii not euanMUmt wiiIi tb* mdieH^-theorj^ 

la Iho bhiipjr Uioirtj, tbi?ro «• tiro klndi if fiu!iciilji Ui bn dihiit 

'^yi^^iL, mint Ihi itj^nletl ni* compuuiiJ ■iiIt-radicAli, itliLrli Ju tbcir 
yiri» m fvUtinn-i, miKiiiKlfl i^lilnriian, Titid liki r-liEhi lioiLy, ri^rin ■'nnijiiinrHl* 
wilh bydiBffrni mct^l*. Jlf c . Thcj fcfo f'l^Hod onionj; ur^nJn ^-oinjtnund^^ 
optp inJafflH *'y UcraeLiuj*, but by mMt ftf ibo felffoaloi ol (La Ltlniiy 



ctMTy: and inHDiudi om in<4l<if ibcm h vra bwn olituini&d in iliji vpnj 
•Uit^ lutiir ctintfliifv \/i uijd?r>iii1>]r. 

2. Thp tilhpt railJult, n-EiiBtiQtint la »mo bunJri^Ji. laay bo K'^nicd 
u mmpniinH inpulit uial^igDUi la arnmanium, «]|J, llkn t^ivl lobiUani 
fonii iPiiiW ivtlii a^Lii'ill <|(iviLHy of ^fyjC^^ip Wiib villi ■ \argv ^uSb- 
blv, rlilvrMi-A ^jiIj ■Lturiiii:, &u. Of ibi^e niiuuU, tb» ant; oiM «hidb 
l« Vnowii in ll>ti Ht'p!Lni[£ iitHlP, ia CavoJyl, C*U'A>; aII itio rrat Lbv« ■ 
nififcfv bvpntlirllfnl Jttiti'tLCF', hinl Lbum ir> no lirmwii rEiffELm] vl Kjumlii^ 
tbani frijm thc-ir mi]||>niiijLlj;' [n all ihw reocUuTU to wkicL ll]»tf com- 

iH^tjii[> I I, V h i.t.Niii irTlii^r priMJibi^Lii, ^iit imt LLim Jciiml nidicalL 

Till .1 I I. .. iil.L't III llii> ^'ility » Jth tvliicb tWn rwlio«l* 

4!ri:<»iripiLK<' ^^ J' II III Lli< ' p-ir-jr.^ ilatc; but uq riliouM «nKi<)^ «)i|4C^ la 
I'lud lIiii I ,k ^ , I.. I" I'lJii^ lii oJtiLLHPLLriJj of lu ■iijipic » f LltTm^flF At 

C13, I 'II < il, t*il*, C'Ji','&^v JnJmJ, wi^ arc ac<iU»Jcti><l wilU maoy 
Dllti'i I "itiii-Min^ln ii\ t-nthfm bui) 1iviJi4>;,^'Ut "I*ii'1i 1*1:1 1 iii llif HjaiaLa 

C"li\ CH\ C""il'. C^H", C"JJ', C*il', C*JP, CJi", fifc'. l»oi u«( oh4 
of (ht^t; ctj^iif^uUTid*, til c-f i^lucU Arc upAbJo of ciL>iiii|; 111 ilifl uuoanu 

■umdiniE U' ihr iiitli'al-ltkr'']n'. niDatle t>ciiMrcL iw foiiipoiLnili of I Al H 
wiih » faO"i*l. -iidi a» CM'. eH\ C-H', C»H\ C'^H', C-H", C-H", Jtfl. 
Tbo «up]Ki«cid iTtfllnlft «oUkD uDtvcD number* of itUimit; hU't iKit ti ibn 
fMuD, (iul lliAt tlicj *(p *u cuiEjr 4Ecci:>iTt|pOfecU uid chuoui Ip (HbiLmTd ia 
tbc KiiiimtB atatci.liLtl ibiiE tl»i Ki-raEcr numlH']' tif chDm liiivg haIIjt no 
vkuLnnrp, Tho dnvolnpuinil tiT thn ruii^EhiiUiti] uf or^imlt- i-itmihtumli 
ffnm itii'h Tmlifmli I1 thcrc^ti'C l purr IJrliini, wlirfuby llir mtHpln nutrilK 
nul itlMiuni pKwntei Ly iihiuro^ an unD0?c4<«nl3' compliolM. 

cLliTJi: I'lLcr^ CH'CE, t* chliTiUn uf i^tbyl = CiV 4 CI. thoti lIju miiipLtc- 
lik« ciiqLi'ftuiiU ttlikh utl of lurpitntiiiii, C^H", lotnm wii)i \ij-iroiMi*r\o 
■Kill, EDEut lUo W rceard''! u u rumpvubil of tht mJiinl C"J1" viti 
tbli^not = C-ilTt (-^r (TJi'-CUlP^ &1-1.}. giui^imJy wjth oil vT 
JccQidik &C.— pn*tucjjjg, la taut, tcry c«ui|diailci uuuw/iDiu rrUtiuiu^ 

TbbD eUkiiiLD-cuuipuau'l* iliuulcl i« uulogiLiifl lu flju iiKiUHie 
eJili'Rdtv-. I'Ul Iho truo nicuillitr cblDm^n, tM wc3J v <bli>ri<l4 cif ui;ia4- 
Dibm = Nlt^CJ, iu>tnt^ftldj Lbn^w Aowi\ rliWido t4 lilvrr from i 
tvluL^oa Lrf lL*l nrt(ftl; vLil?, on Khiy othc buitli, Ihor^ mmpftiiidt wliirh, 
£i> tbo liJiiKr^' llioiry. ferv nij^htuj iim wiiifWiLiiiU vf uLlvMiv iikli vr|*4ais 
tmdic3]«. till nb( ifnri|irt4it< •ilvrr-*uULi-iuiii, mp lob).' u lii'yy tvmua unAo' 
fvmpiUftJ; tti(> rhlurihii mini tliirn^furo ha njnlniaed In tluru to ■ tpolallj 
df^ofinl minuf r. 

Kvcii if t'j^uic vornpuuiiili 4» la bc K^oiJeJ u aoatocon (0 
iiwrj^Lfl nionpuiiChU* Uii-rc 1** ■< u]l bvv^Uh no Qt««al(y for pta^iug 
dhlniii* cul^idB tliandit»l, iiK'n-ly liKiittag j| b rcfMiJtdM uuirc f ln<m< 
ne/«liTi>; far, in clilonc aviJ Bnd 1I10 DiLet orripjn-acicU uf cLlt^riur. h 
ifllyAtly plLii tliP ju/l of* ntHnl. S'lutkrly wilb broniihT, icJmr, ^uiil 
fulpliur. 'Apf "i>p|hJ«il)oii «f Derioljui (liaL rhlor^vo ^•"t^t nw» in 
Uinr TVEupuiiLiili uuu^ tLo ndifiil, t«Je, in lavty tvt% la ibQ Mfl¥llib< 
lion «f T«y faio)ilhsl«>l ft»riii(|]it. >folT<»ef, v(>Di|io(iiiil> *htch mrrubU 
«ieli olliar nty^avtj tiv. by lb* jamo Ifacory, plK<d lory vide n^fiil. 
Tlba* UUf, C'H'O, UlvDCi, M tLg oxjilii of rifjy], lu iL* tlhjlwifti 

* tW Html it^mwrj tf AMLjl, aJl^nh^l, A^. I^ U*^ * JhJimlUw. mi 



I 



BADlCAL-THIOaY, 



a 



rgU'l by ifafl ioM«uIvp vitifiTi of oMivriup, it nvr tc ooTiTBrtod into 

;DH*CI0, CH^Ci^O. and CVl'O, Tlii> -ncona uf ifirw ^Hipounik ii 

-XigJiriliiil hy RnrinlniK iji g* rr»iiiniiiiiii4| of 1 At, nf LyyiMflH-Ucnlly niikv^lrrhuE 

mr^'tii^ will wirh 1 Al of j-rruLJ-jriJc ol aoel^l 3ic*H'Cl'0) = i>f|*0H 

l(0}f'C]'}, On itic vumpuditJDd of ihff hcuuiI adi] tliihl F^iupauu'It, 

|h* prihRLplixi nf tilt Ititiiiry l]iiM>Ty, hii c1el?«u'1 Dinniig iiMtrgiiTuc onin- 

Ji>Ta« hab^Erpgin thii Lbiitry E]Li:i>rv I' M:>in|]»Un>1 li» uiiiuifl Lwa piLrUtiiliLr 
Vla^t ff byfMftTii:[uiJil r<hiTi|"(jiin<Ti. For -innr, unnnrilin^ li> tlim thnofjf, 
■n adJ, wltdu p-irfrcrlv ili'iwl pi^i' a'^ iilll Torjiinn Ji- niitnlnT of qLoniH nf 
intimntj^lj c^nmMnfd ivaioT puiinl lo iIjo uuaibcr *f afifi^ii *if Ii?ii0 wbint 
ft Ulief up to fomi & doitiaI utL (■□ Oiivt ■ moDAbuia &e|d cuntflloa 1 At. 
bui« WATcr, 9k biWii! nrlj 3 At , Stc.). It fcllttwir tUftt, baiiiloi iho 4111J In 
IlJi m^Uuinjr itrhKL nfi^tK, lli'^rn miiiL likrwiNn iixiA tt lijfi'riliirLJntlJip 
uiliydrnii- iifliif. urt^i thi< vcivm (VtimiKti if n hviM^thnfiml milimil uniUiA 
with otygpn, Thii*. nivaMin^ lo tlie bloar^ thorny, noplip nci'i, ^hcn 
dehjr^lfft^cd u fit ■) p^aiiMiv = C'il'0* = llO,OU'0'; and ilib hypo* 
lUotrOiLlIv uiilivJruEii u'iJ. C'^pri*, wliirfi oinitirt lij Buy kuuwu |!rucDaf^i 
Lu u^thibni] Ju tim r^pHniLi^ Hlntr, is ilnulf ivrtiiiwKiil uf uiwtylt C*H*, whlDbJ 
likdwJH^ wh aro nnnlrlc Tn ^rfpaiT in tbc free atatv, lud d ntDinii ofj 

Blmllbr oTjwrvaiioua ^Pf'^y ^^ tba grufttef Dunibn of ^rgnhlo a^lJi. 

Tt ti iijilotfd ii.L3ogw[ lliiLl tniiio ai least vf l1ioii4 oi^d*. vlf, lliv fjialo'uj^ 
funvriE^, Wfiu. tartarir, aiirciitir, iplilliilir, and cncnj^buri*' m^Jd^ mayj 
iM^tunIl y b* obtiijnihl iti Lb? tLi^- tn *rhir-h tiin itirm hypofhftiMtfj/ ftt^t-* 
tirvir i< hLav* MjPptM. Out it mrxv b» 'bntrn tbtit tliiMO eonijtniindir^. 
ihnu^L Ihoy flfrlnlFrly ba»o llip pnmfiMitluri uf tbt UyimlliMj rally fr|l^y- 
dmi« u4d«, km ia rfnlilf nut rit^idi &l uLI. and oait <inly be brutj^lit book 
ta tbo ntnlc of ftpiif* by Ibo If*np trjntiniird w^tion of iiiiUir- 

Tbm, tairtir acid dried nl IU(I =C''H'0' ; wbfln wimhinm! with «i 
^l^libil uiil drintlt tl yifildb a inU, wl^ifiin rumtpiMilian, aooniTiiJiij; tA iha 

, lUi-nryf (1 oipri'Mrd by T'bO>..*li'0' ; brniyi, CK*0' it bypo- 

tbdaklly aiihyitruiji Inoltc uoid. If no^ livEit nuktl bo honlid alitno iu u 
Mlort to 130", Uf Icfiiff u wutLT coiitinuut to go olJ', Xb'.-re rL'iiiiiiii>H pwlu 

JiUdw, «olJd, «j^'lIv fi]»ib|n TtrtiddP, vrlilvb i« tikff liy|H>Uiv(i4'jEl ly luiby- 
rvna Mid^C^ll'^O^ Thi* huUtiinni*, Imwrvnr. hu ;Lii ftiln^iii-dy ^hL«r 
IbiIo {t\t%l <d IkcIjp- q^id t* jiiii'i-ly ond pLmnfly fniir) j it m iiuilo jiinn' 
1dU« kn vM^rflncLiv tCNLd U vi^rv i^ilulk), brtEdlMolvH m'EtIv iQ itlo<diii1 
•cd tthet- Uy li^n^j Oenttet ov by UuiUntf « rtb ^%Ut. ftnd likrwiic by 
tbauitcDti n( H^LiiioEUBllEiliB, thi< pubi,tiwici] i^diiBoiverl and i4Ji'u]LV(*Ttvd 
mlnai«i;ir[try litL'tii- nn\A- i^mulnr lU^f-ivnuiM, Ht fitr iu< ihu iiLAElvr bcui 
yci hitvn ciitiiiinril^ inh clhibf(i-i1 by iKf n^t fif ihn Ah'ki~4i'iEirnttnnrHt| 
a^it in thit ]>t'PubNr iTiro, ptvi[fi«d 'ly ilron^^y tiFHT^n^ Thr f^ird artid^ 
Alnt#4 Dr lijfl volatile acldi wirb pLtuBpbtjrlo ti^Ed , liouM Lnnrcnt no 
linij^fp f^pib" liirm lu iirid-H bm illjiLn^uiiili4<n iliflin by tbo mmo i»f 
Anhyiiridri W"lll^Tt thn Ijuitifl ntihyilfidn^ P'H'^rt'^ wblch n'mciluB in Ihu 
rvlnn. ii hc[i[0fl U S.Vr. it firOA ofr & fiirLh<^r qii^iuLity of wnlj<r, htiil h 
touv^fHd into Ltfti'l*^ C'JI*0', a. Dcutral, A»iblo mMnpound, nbip)» 
vubEiliAD* wiLhf'ul (IdCfiiuiiirKHluu, ii Bt lint but ibffblly lolohla In faut 
wiuir, ikud |i«rr,ly cryrullii^H uut uiijElLJiri^d uii uiriiiliig. but wticu >uli- 
* AnhfdlWiB MvH^ iHil and ]kk«wltt aaltrdrriHi brrdD^e aad cuiotntc acUll Ii«ir4 



jocCaI Jo tha vti^n of walcr fur 0. Icinjor linH.\ it rew&mrlftl inla orfi- 
nan- ]*ctia ^'ul. U^uct. acaonliti^ Id ibu iMikurf^ iheurj, if cvi]ii«t«tlir 
finrr<i>4 t>u|, Ii vnulJ fi>1Iow tfi^l UatU: avid f^frini^l al iDO' ii i vctiupituud 
of I Al. [iLVii.h. wjUi^mX ltd forinuliib«Ji^-C<H-0< + :t A4. Bnl Uiu 
coarlnviuii ei oppubLiI tu thu t/ifit, rlml laoUlc of «La«=:/r>O,C*H*0'', 

!Ivc* ->ff BD m->rv wnt«r, tven jXI ESO'. SinCfl tJicn, WTuFtlliig <» tk» 
j-jtotTiivii «f l3ii« rruIIriJ tliv^viy, IjKlJdn J{U4 nrft pi»4]tiat m lAclic ncid, 
Ffiit ii fPfKtlijfioii nhmi VH iini^ ^O irEinbkiDeO Ja it. nikiLa in tlii> fama pf 
»ulfp tLuJ I'or.'Uitp, It nrnj in tho <ajii(i mniiiitv Inj nkAiiitniiiO'l, ilmt i}"> 
hyp:ilh.rli':h}ly atAiyiLrviiB luetic aoiil. C*l]"0^. •ii3-:t uvl pr^rvrtl in tfig 
aciil CIJ'O". "ijut i» iiroOuiiW wiion lU *nJ 10 uni^ u-l rorm wjdtr- 
tn ^K^tlk i4.H4^'. i(L xhorL, tlia wafnr lm nut vi orluc^l I>ii1 4 pndufit ; ku4 

llio 40Lil. fllNJ*, the; do nat lake up iho wklcr u n «ho1<^ bat ihv 



Osy-LiMt« luufld lii*t vuTp wheti truiklcJ wiili rbtcriH t^, Uku 
'QByoiUitKir nT meuum of tlint ^v f*iuii] la Iho utxmimi of mtiKturr'* <if 
fijroifn wbuli &r* uIvd from iC I'/ A^Kjibor poiLion ff thv olirdriniL 
Duna* aru<rwaj*Iii aWrTcl th<r «aDi« pliviinrntD*^ m n>| oT Urpoeltatj 
ftod u h toi]i4.-uucEiH vF (Li« uijil u(Ji«i invmipkEimi>, hr llrvl tlervlopAd. 
in IA<14. fail ifriiurT uf ^'«Atf c'ru/itni, wUich, ifbvr undui'ffUEPjj umitfroiit 
•&ltflnitifki>B in tlift fwtfaflT pivijfriuvi of bin rmAJvliPK, ltd i%nn. in tSM. ID 
Ihn T'A'X'/y <■/ /'j'pu On tl>j* (IkCK.rj hn «ny-, in lJt4li f.lTin. (^14; 
f^f/M- '9, '3): 0"ii|ii"ir>i34 hn b> lie njfkukd ■* ]ilikO«l«fy «T^iki« in 
wlucli tlio nLomt aT« held EfJifrLliF^ br UBoIt^, If fta txovt of ob4 «al»- 
■dfeDco I* rvbLionl by u t-tupi uf vi^(li*r. tliit ijtlatn T«m«iiu Urn Hin>^ 
Id mic3i ■ cliimgfv ■ limplii Alan irijiv 1<^ rn|t]jtf?nd by ■ ntin|mDDd U>nii, 
wii!inqt im^ n)ir<miHin nf On* jf^nvral OipntiiEvitoD. If iliv "vhitiuilka 
l4k<« pljirn iiT «^ijn&] numlritninf B,tDni«i, t^A Ibe «nfl;;iiritkD of tlw MAjbm 
rtDuifii nnii]t«nd, the nov coiupnunJ hi«lDnj-« to ikv Mfno mw «d Ibv 
4.10- Tbii^ EWEif iciJ, OH'O*. 4^11.1 d1.1on»^iin «id, CHCJ^i)^. U$mg 



I 



la tba fluiii Ivyv. kf* In tzfJt-% hieiI tiif^ S-A\nwinn trmr*, l^viraari. in 
iJm OHVW of ki> mtp>li£B|rfliii, drtl of ithTiilimlim-, ilifu rif o^4«Dt w 
(Id MtJnnctiqD vtiL n«fn<Liili). uid uf nniur'r^kii* otter CHipHDJ% m^^ 
«vv«itJ » ^wirEv of ^rudimijp lu wlijcli liir hydniifvn «■» iia|i>— >J ty 
Ui «vjmJ Dmnbtv of iLLcrm* of chloriDD <tr lifomEii'^ Hf (lu^Echy am- 
Amud Hid doTfldpcd iIk* Ehmirj nf «abil>li>Ti4ri. htJ. in tlX, rlnt ^( 
foTib. in ■ iViMmnainii, hii Ehwrp of mchi, wbuh bo liliwifdfl sum 
^iiiplcto]ydo^c^j|jfd, in lIld fuUuw^nf fDnn: Jatv^oo * ti^bl flCiUon' 
hiM priidi, iiud ut OKh Hifb 1 AL C, wnkib/ in kit A2 Al. C; in ifa« 
piiddlv, b*lw«iH) web 1*0 u||Ibb, I Al, H. timkific (dffvlb«r3V Al II. ; 
4«i luEl/, on wb Ww nf ibe nriata, 1 Al. 110. ^ktminc pymaMiL 
Tbu tb* foDpODnd = C*il"^llU. Id iLt ouno DUflaer h STMab 

• IV «hA** olM'Miidhi iHtwiba till di^HBH <if ^f«Uii briBMk A«a«-qlM 
■Afdnvf argmiat trtOa md <9ia hjdnifd «Ui, ipi^Tf •itb c^iul fjm io ibi — rdlrt 
m/injbvM iiHpriutdc hiAl T^i cvBpodBd %Of. fur <auiii.lfl, b not >■■ >£JJ m 0h 
■Mil Hu« *Flk# •Dr<\ bgl It Vtm.^mtB4 Into ftn lAd 1*^ iha irtiM nf vW«#^ ^iJ fW 
lbn>«b IIO,i>n*0* fLrt bH>«>*J ""' xi^ !■ iiMdw -^» ■»' Im iHwfiMfch iIm 
thibnpaU llO.KO*i4,jji>|»ubL In FjAilk 4-*«. u 4> U« i» nv>d i>i Hljhjuu 
I— I [tf II ml. Piri H ■■■ vtil. I«ii «d « ^aJori i/ 4tftitffwt i iiii rt an aciJ, (n^ 



^^ 



UrCLBtTS-TTlEOBT. 

giAj ljn rti^^^^^^^»1ly' »ri4 iUw i-fimnrj niinliiiiN ^^f^ar^ltid fK^ui 

the t»nnfjjdVl^m&, '^0 likpviH,' DiiLy rk chrniLrtil ni-piimEiiML bi iimi^n, 

funn |llii> frff-fn i>f jVucJ'im]- Cl I't hi'IjUk uie ihii j-rimJIlTV forto 
vlLliLlravjr tUik H. l3tii rtniiEH wuuM lIlvil fuil t^t puiwi, if the »,tonvt 
of H w<if(i mil riT|aliuiril iiy ivti^inB nf Cl or Ct- TIi« HCl ur 110 luiiy 
«lUier puf oEf^ or form i^ym-midii in tlir' pritm, uljii^h, h'^w-jvur, niuy 
bo romuvcil b^ oLccnIoiJ ilifiBiniu '-^7.. by tli4 utinn fff pnEuh, Ac, 

■ItuEiiirL (o iLiii^ iluJliiii" fiijurv*- tu |)iLrl.ii:uliiF i!utu|iuiiiiuft GoplmrkSC, 
»lio fir ilfr. Tiioiit iBin jiiltJpiH th<i rJMW" nf Lnnrviil, Jim, jiBverlliiclaUi 

f^Jirlklltv H'ilhdiELsvii, tf IrltiliC (^L< luUEjEulliir} tif luiodiiT la li« phkO<^ tbp 
fcmfniiri-] bL'injf rKi'rrb^ iTricinfornu'd info qnnMiiir Iwlonifliij W D dwnni 
m*. (!^di^^[^■ll^hi^^ C*'H*.VO', fl:iK'H up I Af, hT*!mii(in xa the DxyfKti 
,tf Ilk« iLir, ami utSvrp^' cni]Vtf»r(nd jnt4> in'li;,'^ Tifiir,) 

2. Innoatouvs hi^^ovnr. ibo ckWrrovtorl oS^iriotit U rv^la^i-A hy nn 
iKatH nnahfT of bl'invi of il\e nctiug mhttmu-'i- tl rriftliriitif/n 1^ i^lfLy^lctTH 
Xot only luuy lir^lruocn fco roii^tfcCDdfcy •uljlitulion, but lik<-wiK oty^fun, 
liircfEXif Bnu nil irthuj «UinMiit«, tvcp rarlntn, (J. pr. Chtm. Sd ?:i),) 
~ Idu Ibi* i>«ffibii in»ir h.p ri:ntM*n4 lit ■ijljiiiFiHtrhn I'OiT It fih^tfiniir^IlT 

ilfHiMvd.] In > Jiitniliir manner nlnt^ thr tilAmv nf nn plnmiriit iTin>r bi^ 
nplMod hf u cr|UFif Tjniubcr of nl^mf of & corA|iiiund» 

^ Iq ottor BMW. nfjftiDp tbo jbtcnit uf (hio iah»!jinpo nm replippil bj 
lorv Ibrm wi *|nKl ifliinhnr at HlntiiA uf uiuthvr- Tliu< C'H' it ruL' 
|hyi-t0rvb.nf olib>Mm\ Jiidnd liy *nn-rhirni. riiTn Cn"r:C'*ri'+r]'r 

ii'O.-'-CnnipiHiiiilA KPtilunmi; oijuaJ numbcn of ilonu In Ibo oaiiiQ 
foiJtioD. Bod jHwrnirtfc tba Mind fuit^iajnciilAJ proptrtlu. behujf 
tm9Vh*fnieal Tjfpt. IftticeH Jn "u^'b ■ub>titiitiDi]ft u Ibidr* JiwcribcJ 
(1), A COHipLUM*! M rriUllff>[fr|cU iulo rmnlliPf af lliir >aTlH* du'iiiiniJ 
For 411 nr^ifiic iH>ihf>(iiind mny ^m nnmpamij i*^ » buiMtn^^ jf tlt^i 
IpfL hf viEhdmwjiii; rhn «T>-»m< yf one finb^t4r»i<i^ nrc IjIJimI "p hV 
i>f knu'thcr, rlir biJit'lIci/; icUine iu fujm, iu iL« ouiiirary ooh, [a 
^lU fioFift or fntli to [liuiKi. Tu rbo hmiv t'Luitiumi U'rn fpubjiti! AiisUu 
^CKH)'. ikhd Cliii>ratrtijpntiil, C'HCPr>'; furthirt- AMfhy-KC'H^O^ 
id ndnrrLl. r-Hd'O' (.m-1 CKt'imbbibydn. Pri'O'Ji furtlTpr' Clilofo- 
CHCf, Eir«hu.fonn, C'rfR--i fodrlom, OUJ\ an*; Manb-gw, 
„ II'; fuflbrr- OC^Hmi i^v. C*l]'. adJ iLo pri»3uutt vLiUliiod ibardfroni 
'byoLluriBft mb. CJi'CI, C'irU', r^LT. r^nd C'ri". 

Cu[ii|iuuLi-I« bclur^iii^ Ln tbu loniu ■«»■■ dthiliil lh*ni ^^rci\nta\\i \\\ 
fuodunflpUl pru{Piirri4'<i, prinapnElv l>ir ^[nbUnj; :iiiiiIrp|rLiqj| nrnduoti of 
tUoODPOVB^n. AiylifbEid, C^HSj*pb»tcil wiUi ^xttM of ixad fe^kali. 
W moTtvd intn "fCC and tnu^b'^ii* CM*; uldiimcKlic orii), «bon morcly 
bif JmI •'illi cLd-Ai nf iviiriyi^r pudinb, likottiiia victdn VCO*. uriil t^bliEO- 
rnrv, OHCl', «bii'b buluiij^ tu lliir Htm*] tyjw m itmmb ' fit's— wlwnc« 
ft1u,Diwh-su. whvii ErvBtfd witli <ldaTin»,j^»1da hvdiijoliLofW acJJ,uiiJ 
' MDTwnod. fimt intfl flWorfiforiu, ojod stsu into O'C/. 

If t«v camjfUHuJji uir? uf >vbiclL can Iv l^riutd fcom tiio olbor b^ 



CONSTTTUTION OF OBCAMC COirrOUXDS, 



•utuiiftitTDii. FDDbuEi vi|iici1 nuniTwn uT ii,tr>in» vimilarlT qujIimIp bul tn 
POM<iMp-l rif w1tikin^]y difTnrtikt irht^mirivl pro|wr(iii« {qnn, fnr aiamp1«, 
DoiojT aoid, wbilc lli« other w ii«iitr«] or b^tc), tb«y an na loDj»r h« 
f«<j{i^tJr'il lit livliruging tn tli« nhoiQ cLpmiAL tyi>«, Lvl mft^ arrvrthclMt 
bt jucliiJiui i(i l[|(i mrim rNA^'iuii-z^ vt V'tifwi'tr fypf,' iLty ihervfcA ilitl 
CDdHiJIiit' 4 nuluml fttftiily,™ Tims ^ W'^Hl^ifinl, C*H*6\ utifl furvie 
acrid, C'U'O'i ■Idckbol, eri^». and u^tic Mid. CH'O^; uIIipt. CH"0, 

t^UNufi uucltufr Tilery U cuii]|!0«3J.] 

^ CVtfjwrtion 2«!£«wa 1^ HaJie'il-dieor/f and iA* Tk«n-y 1/ Typtit mtl 

T^ d««triB4 of tJFpw n*^ »Litmtiln1ifin hu jE^DflTiTfy Wd fffariiil 
MOppo*>d to til* r*dial-t1i«Dry, 11 nl 1*41 at tLml ^ni^riijour^rl vitli ttrun^ 
uf>|>u*iliun ty thi^ I'liicf aupiiorU'ii *>f tliv lultnr. I<i ToiM, iiiotl aKcwula 
wija linu<^ iuruj>1«i1 Uig niiliai]-llii:irrj liuvu iiBUtI tt •Irk^lv iu tha niuitin 
ip wllflh it Vim Gifi projMMifil liv Buncliiia (fiJo p- frj, n^SrViciA, or at 
IffflAt ifi)irin>;» lh« J^^'lfiiLc of chcutim] Tfp*«. On th* otiiar liftiij, 
r.nuFC'ikt & tivrliBnlt. to wlmin ku am Iiif1obto<E for tltq m«t (winpldU 
il(<vi?luprii['iif uf tlic Lljwjjy «f (y|44 odJ ii|l«liliittoii, Tinva alwAft dhji 
lliL* cnupt c|0irr]iiin<:d omK^riful* of llin nkitiinJ-lfiror^' Ri^wnt iEiimtig*- 
linhA, li<jiTprrr, ]»ivii 4iir<ira that Ibo iJoji uf rrft'i 11 '[ui(L< vi ccDidat«ut 
Trith the lliOHiry *>{ rhIickIi » Kilb lIi^ HEic^iUA-llicurv : ajiJ Ourhvnll 
hliLi»rir. tit hjfi rrvouE }«prr "On tiju Criii^LiEtiti"n iff Oi^rkujo Aadu," 
((^4rfti^ .Vuc^ V''^ •^- ^'^'^-J 1^1^ Ad'^|ilcJi tvAlioui n«orva£toiL, tlic fofiftulds 

Tbii iio^ii|ii:limi iKilKnvD Uin mJiRil JiDiJ Iir|x> tl^imriea r« 'ttikii^^y 
MtliilMUd hy t]\r- >ii1u.tJruli4'ii *.! ill' hWlu'l-nidinli, loolhy], tAhyi. 
Ac^i fnr li5'>lro^-i^ in i]»r» frj|ii|>£jiM>J nmmMiiiiiA <Jj<iHPvnrti] liv ^\ urlf an<l 
MoriiihiMi, ftbd Iu tUc citiTkiivbTi<l vtbcr* dt*eovcrcd J>y WiWUuiHn. 

I Ip IftJK. Wufii itiKOVVrtd tbit *b«i tliq tv*i*aT*i of iii»Uijp|< 
tdiy}, hnd vnrl aro m^ffid apun by qdiIiii pLif j*|i, *'u]».1i]^ a!kiklin>< pro- 
dnrl* Ml* fi^rLtiid, •tmiLiftv rf^rJiiMii.fi aimnonin iq r^fou' vJat oihpr pbj- 
tir«l f hiiT«c1i?Ti, litit (Jmrfirt^ frr^m il hy ointniiiiTi^ ihr^ cl'^rnrnU uf 
Dirtlivl, rtlkvl, ■D<I«inyt, Ld |iLacc of 1 ttoin of byitroj^cn ; ihtie boilLa 



I 

I 
I 

■ 

I 
I 



Urthrkni 



i fl 1 



<m*M 



EUijbAlH - 



ABftsB^LU 






M-CHrM 



X « C»B<W 



Wor* T«vBtty If ofnitnn hw khivwu llint, hv tli4« *rticih of lb« hnmi 
•Oil icdirtra uf ihD ■JDr>^4t^ n't fall <io »niinr>nl4 Lod ftbil^« (whlott n^ty 
1a f^ci'J**^ ■* pAmfiaiitarte == (H,l!.C"i[')N, ono, t«^, tlr«, HfiJ ttrti 
four hlodoi bf liydfcg«a niiy b* n>|<liAJ \tj tin iilrvhol-ndjcil'. ib<* Hit 
Urn* HlbflihalbAii f wfJinf toIvIiIa 1«>m ■naloifi'i}' ta umirinrLEit, tml Ui« 
funrlli pro^mln^ nnnHoM turuli iiikfo^ui u> unmonitim. Tbecf bat- 




^ 



THEOHT or TTPES, 



llF 



y 



■■ii1m1«d- lnt in Ibo tiatt »i hy^nX^A axuiftm. ihry frtrin jioIM iximjioaiiri» 

kitmaif iuk«liub niuX tmrr'n-lvn iu<tinn, tinri rai>[il>)« of f,A|>unifyjLij; fnV 
IiLd iIi^ n>oi| nEkntii. Tliwu wvpral oociinEibntlt. uf wliJr.h amniuinji 
H'N, Hml hjiJraicJ okMb <jf aututojiiuiri H'>Oh HO, %ri\ iliii tniwi. may 
b* rv^mcDUd by ilju fulluwin/ fjt'noml f»riiiiLW. in whicli ibe lcii«n 
T, X, T, £h Ji^uuUi tbit nulit^iCn v\Uy\, cnptliyl, Arc, 

A.i-Lil4i||i><» it-Hh liutAiini-liaiii. KLtnJ'-bva*. 

[U,ILJI)N lU.H.VjK tX,V,je)N 

IIhiu uuliqctii lb Or [lid of AmBKlDBk- 

iHHlivrnjiimrfH.Ki'jS-; MrilivIc.j'Ut«ivrnmiTif=fMc,F.t,Pli)N; Dlcthylo- 
'Wtujlnimiiji ::z Ki',Ph)V, Tiietlivln[iimE=K['-V; TplrplhjJlum =i.Et*N; 
MolbvlPthykruyliT-pbniivliikm ^ (Mr.,Et^in,Pb)N, 

Till* vinw ibiio ^'urM "f thv ■'nn-iitmiou "f lhMi> bhvu i» prrfectly 
fviidfltciil I' Jill lliD ki>uwEi uuulo^i''" lit '-lnymiml (.vjinnijuiidv, Tim 
alooViDl'PwLimZ* ILK How ('ra^'cd, ^>v iLio tuH'nri-^liup i<f Fnnk^ADit and 
Katlf«, 10 b? rvuIFy ^AiJiinL: nul^AtJiitrEHN - uud v- furlbiT kuon t^nl thuy 
an KUftTti^ii* ill niiiriv ti'-jH'iiEa ti' liv'iru^nj U^d. Alc-thol-e'iiiirnU), In 
mflCfWiinc* w^lh ilii* nriF|]M;,'S'^ ivi* i\\\A llifio T^l^iiijz ikn ]i]itjii- of liyilrnatfa 
in BmiDoniii, buJ |rrj<liLCLii^ cump'jiMMU «f liirb lioi^r flit- iihvii^vil E'^'aciu- 
lilftDca lo tlitt LuUv in vulnEillW, lIIuiJiuo riffivLivii, Ac. Thg cuuiputititni 
af lh«Bff LfkHt may, of rniir>rv (hi rnjirvnoiUdd rri vtriou* t>Uitfr wjiyv (*jif. 
AUtUotJa); Vm tlm *>0w jii«E pvi^Ti ivCTirJ* nt Ifiiat » ■MJ*fA<iE'jry qrfnLihl 
of ihpjr fiirmMJ4i» ari'l jiniMT-rm-, unJ may firrti tit ulinw t\iit,t un- iiIini nf 
ttdkali li by no meikni iDci^u^Lnrc^nt vriih ih« dtxTtrlno af cbcmjral lypc^ 

J, A furLbof iLliiiinxtiLin nf tLm cuniivctuin WIh^uil 1y^»« auil m<Lior^|j( 
■i>Ay 1)'> fquDit iu (lii> nxvuE iiivi>Bli^'nfi<iii! of XViLkihinm^n mikl Oi-ilihnJt, 
— AJ'jj'tiL^ GeibiirilL'i c<joivnloiH» (\M^f> 27), wt^ niiiy ■Mjiiinl^.'f Mviiti, 
\V\t. ibi thd ty|]n i>r 4EJ tbQ itiLiHE im-jiurtiiiil i^laTOJcal cum|M>U(i4]A, Bicuhul^ 
■ tbvn^ taltii, jujiilc Ac, Tbo iLibnEJltiiniu uT oud atom u^ u iiiatbl fur 
I iiL tiydroEvn in ibui iy|«, glvon ibe hyclmr<iJ i>iu1« ff tbikt iitiiL4l» ami 
1^4 niilamofat 4if botb Atom* af byrlm^ i^ji Vy ihr iiicEa] fvrtiia thfl ikhhy' 

ibaiiA niijp, t. y,. hyilriiiti nf pofjiili =1 ,1 O j juibjilroua ixrUiah ^ |^ O. 

Himiljittyi liB nU-ii\ic] i? vtniar iu wbidli I At. H iAKpliuN?^ by 4 c(riii]fiiQrLd 

tailtittJ^riuch u in4>tKy]. ot-byl. An - iiml niipLliiif b miliar wiib bulli vti»Tii« 

pi III 

FiT hrdrrhgm (liiit rppliu«"1: tliUH. c^miimn *|i!obDl^= ,, O, i-oiiiiiiuu 

^^llhcF = rtHi'^- ^''* ^'''^ fttonii of hyiitogrn mny nUi b« rFplimi-rl by 

FaRTtnnt compouTid ndicafi, ihc pmi^Jil-< h^mt^ llni cnru^uii'l ulliut 
lUioovtwd V WHliniuiiuii, rii, 

CH"« «„*^ CTI" * *— ..^ OH" 



§2,0 -^ CII*Oj ^^J,„0 - Clt-Oi ^("J,, - C'H-O. 



ThM hkhIm fif Fiirinitiiiin i>f tbii<a laiL-monticncr] com]xiLinda JEiiIifli-ii t1i» 
vio* ben- iklcn nf ihn rcui'iiiiLLiuu uf ulcoliolv knH ttbtTt, lVL«n 
iImIicI^ — w]ik\t mnv bo "nfunli^il »* mi urM (■■lliyUo *»)'i), eonlal'itujf 
1 At. ttl buiic UyJpofe'cfl raplwcabl? hy 4 incul — i* kcioi] npu Ly |>uli>«< 



VIIC TtL 



M«kC<U*«^£t:G-fl- =-Aflit C"M»-PL 



19 CO>>T|TUTtO» or OitOAi([C courov?it>B. 

viiiDi I AL U iu4ii.piia, mbA \ At. K I«1lh ilir pliw, jiDlUinf pat*a«imU' 
nfonhol uT ■Ihjriuti uf |iuTAiiJutii |, 0. Kuw ulien lh» AmpaaDil U 
tniMd wilb ladiJe of DiMlijl, 0\\'i, llie }hitid*ii^ni vf tlio uii* ninpuiiBd 
m4 tHn itialhy} ot tbo olti«r oliknco pbm. luJ wojfot KI iti^ c'tL*'^^ 

Tbe otbcr compcmiH vlhtrt arc furmcJ io • tlmilif nn—IT ^ 

A liki.' *ic>« mnv W i^iVfMi itf iliu ciirttLitiillun i>r urumiv «iiJ>; iW 

If 

thv ■ulritilulLuk ;if L Al U11107I, Ctl'O br II io tU ronnuJb j|0, 4fit< 
hjdnUiilwiiuioiciJ ^|o=Cni'0*, 4ail thct iulwtjtuticn of 3 Al 

CH^O"^ ibo CAVpAun'l vUteh £r«r1ranh ht* litnlT i>lkijtjiipj hj tb* 
«f ebloride vf iKrnioyI «d livnvfiftG* of <4>t]ii {*vl Oiynmic ii-idt), 

Ufn 11 1 mod aid lUit iFieoF^ U tho AUniia v4*ifJit« o-rDfiEt^i in lb* 
wiatk, wf niuat Qouiiclir tli« fttvnL ffimiivuDd* %* dftJOfd upon 

«| t At. iTiit.r, HHy- e. J., ftleotnl = *^',',' 0', cUisr ^{J', 0\ Jtc,^ 

Tba UDins nf orxuiifl (mmpniiikd* ■>« pithvr /f nHhi' (if'nv. JV 

M«ftapoaiidi of tliB* mnalfii with Tkrj«Q* KtWuuvt* AltBclioil la I 
Vltaniulj. [L4iirHii rNqunaUr Onlfnint ih* MiUt bj lUn tm AriVf^bi M 
•plHUti^ii Ua* ivndviuf e> rojirmnii iliriA «>ilt ili* '«ilii4i» W *li4 4kait*>» 
rvJini^iwOrf. fan* wlilft, i" r*-ljiT, U>m tlilTiaf *i[» uuLrriMlLy. Xbe fdriHr 
riit^ l%t MlH tiii*fa« nmsltf 11 ■if fil^inu, 1 

Xht nvimh*t pf c«rUuE]-aii^tuii ju (bn ^ll1^lp^■ ■« ■iiviri frMai m 
likwti* i« tbnl i>f lliu otbrr alitiii^ &dJ <ivo«(^ii«ltjr of thit •■ot* 
<4Ui«IJun df klvm* C'Xiipi^iiiir Oio piil-Jviu, [ftHb b tb* bit mhiJi^ « ill 
■Hnh« wM^la t^Dpiai ID li>ii Hinil-C'irhti fitiT. M Ijgrml Urth** l^* •Irim^ «rf||4t 
or AfWt ■mkr^"T'*> °*^f '^''^ " frMl. U4* j>kfiHhn dl iVfitt Wfavb uf Qli ib— H 

TKp Etmnbiir uf F^rbon4|uiiii in \h" nrmlfH' T-mm a •implo Ivlatlnn t» 
tbkl pf Ihabthvr itotWi t.f.« V:t; *;!; 9-J9i UirJ; 11 4, J«,di Ifi^i 
U:'!; TBifi, dv« Iirvnm|i]tf iwUliom nn at nrt nrcuprvnfr 

If Ihe noclti uDtaln DOtUVnf bul b^pufcu In vUli^on 10 ib* arWn, 
llioy JIM dItH /ViBWry JTuii-j fL<hi-M»*#rw. .Vn^u ^ndbtMrtkBAiw, 
M^ttmu /^■■4ATiTjflittHu) — But if Dni<, itr Hwml, nr hU 0/ llw h j iraft» 
MAtn* of llir niirlriM hj^ rtifikn'^il Wm^mi of oiLor 'HUni'>nEj^ or »f tMUlD 

ibai Uip Jhf<IrwfrD-ftiu[iti i^'fl^DiUr occu^cd, lli« i-<iiiiiM>uttJ ftiuot tW 
bm»4 m* r«IM iWrt'fw at Stftnifarf Xifi-f'i (4ijMir£hu iTTtfr, 
X«gfff'u il/nr>j, Bndiotiu dfiv^)- H-'iiiw, in liiri ihrfifir of nEfln^ ItM 
la^frruniY k« feiucb»] la ih« nvfuro of tho <lfin4QU Oiiui n thw rvtM- 
tbvDTT. uiJ more ti> iMr rODJl^urbltoi)^ 

Tb* *lrtti>ili vfaick unftllv rvplan Ifav brdni|:*fi i* thit ■luAiaa «* 
1, Br, n. O, Nh iMl UM mflttb. iWtUi nvi''<l «" niti^vn, ti anal I* 
lilmilil, th«l [^atviiL 4ui^a la il iwoJidWvnl MnVitf vwbti; A^^| 
ta l^mania flj«tfin=4N of tbia lluii'Uiakc?; and N iNl«BlwVH 

Wbik ibe livilrv^m vi \ Dvdm ift rtpkcod tiy ■ fonpaniiil, fmcb 



NUCtRtJS-TLtlOBT. 



Id 



nAt «KAi|« vtiTiikliuieiil. llwt the ni^BUi i>riginn]lj c>itu]<)c^ Ly I At. 
bydriifp^ otHy nlTDrd ruum, nut i^nly /or nn oinm of flilni'Jnr, ibir wnigLt 
of wbicL b ^ti cimf n u ffTomt, but fvap f'-r ll>« -^ nV^utM nt hyiHtoitne 
uul, XO'f trhooo M'oijftjl |i 40 liiuai u finiiL il* iLiaL wf iLv liydnjj^po t 
For in no POii>fit>tiiiJ 4*u lliu ulrjuin in iruiiieLliulii tuTilaet. AlHiiity, 
ibdeoil, iLrifiw (u hiit\^ ib^'ni tn^lhi^r v cliwely an pvKiLla- Iriit (pu 
•hkilicitT af llio Kcftt-Ajj&ori* juirtqtihLtinf varh <jf thnm pntkhicoii llir coq- 

(vDiKibf wpdnld'] iium tin- iiku, liy ft Jiila^i^'o niiLny tJmi'u fr^-aLor thiHi 
tbr rlbunolar of * tiu^fo itl'iiii. L^Pitfki.'q(i['ntly, a iijaFL- utL'iij>i(4l by otiu 
■tdiu nf IiyJroir^a. wilh j1« Ijuut-HjiUvrv. nmy flulwe<|UotnJv ;il!V>rd rvvlD 
rvFHvrr»l ttulu vf tfiUvj *iil»ui]i.k4,. ilia bfsl^rilivn-a of tlid laLtor djuiI, 
bu^vvvr. uik« up [bv wpatm Limn tliiit i^l (W Jiv^irifgon-nLikmiJ 

Tliv ftnii^iiqdf otpublo ii[ ri«|rliieinir hyir'nu-tt id lLi> anclouB-hrBi 
^0*1 nltith, ivr dljurlciHw. tour bi-' vipr<j*KLl by cbu i^-uLbul X; NiH^ = 
Ipisloiituqaii; NIl'= Ad-^Auiidu^fnii. NJi^ = Am = Aoiiuuum; A!li*= 
r=AriiJot>tfr]; C^=^C^y=Cvatiogi-u. Sta. jTbenHUtnpLrfjh tjf imidirevti 
eX^'i^ i* iiiijiiifiajbla niily wbcii ^ Kritrknltnjj in ihu i^>l'>rii iif B'lrttfhiri 
ji-onll w-e Mj^jpciw ifii-^Loni of byilrojr^o— W'^nml llmt nf i<ar4>^P 
sSj; wtinltnv to lli« fttomJo i^ftbC^U of iLi^ tJiEiil-booU. (rn ibo 

^VOlttifF, tbit iQppvtliuu iv iiLiiliiiEMJlili;, ijQ ijLi'miul uf tbv frKiOliuAl 

■hicb it iDtrvtlycwh U ii^ mHruuvur, uuiifftHUty. UiiumLLi'li lu we Jo 
»>l Lnuw ivitli fvrChJiily af «iiv o>m|i(»uii4 b>niiimiii^ uuly I «l4>m of 
iiDiil'jgpn; And m th<i*c mtcA wbvro L^urgnt HUpiicwi^ 2liu{±2 , N*ifl)» 
•pmay jiirt M ^cW wrho iMi.l 

IViiru, by i^c iLcEiuu uf viltioiu iub«U.Dr«fl. one nodlfiu ii fionvertod 
Inio HQulUifi', kflthitut biu i»f 4.arliLP^i» tljit uuw mjinfiouitd uujRuC bu rbjirV' 
WntKfl hy « fLinniiliL., in wliicli Lhn niifilnii- in iri]|i|hEiwcl In nohlHtn a 
nanibvTftf L4J-bnii-«ii'ma ditforcnL frum lh« fnrmrr. Wiaoii. E>fi ilin noD- 
invj. ■ poTttott uf ibr cirlvoTi iDinmLtf from (Jtc ducIodh, in ihe form df 
CirboaJi? urirl for i:i.iiuip[o, thu uM Dui'tcLU uiuat b« rvpltici-d by ATioth» 
CttiilJlibJaif 4 finnJlnr iiuniliur <]f nrlHrii-AtJirMn. u-ml (lieroftirD »1«uiliqg 
l«r«r in tbv orgKnio Jtriijn,^ur 4 PDinpntiml tif <ii<'El iv nqcjuup ^hU otT' 
tmn tobqUDcW aupi^rnddml, Whrn ilKompotjIion tnk"* {iluv in furJi n 
iMDCer» ibtl tlie bylruj^oQ. Aio,. vjt^^JraflL from Ibc nucleus it mpluHt 
by Id Vifiial PiiiiLbtfF 'ft fltunii vf uliiuriuv, Ac, (he iiuoJviu nmniiu the 
Vine, but It InLniifanuc4 nim ar fu* idIu h tecgrivlary oufIduii. WbeJi, 
br*TT*r. byc1n>fvn, cb1'>rinr A^-, ia wilhrlnvn withcni atiluLitutiiin. iho 
naidiiA. if flill hd or^nlni «nnt]K>niiilH mn»l MoDjf t» llio htIpii af mtntHtr 
DftolniL Tli4 ri'pWciotiDr of a i>of[4.iii imciibcr i^f «toiii« ^iT byiiragaD in 
ikt DaolftM by 4.'buiriiii^ bfrruiiii', tii lualiiiu, Jikv ui>L ultiir iJiu ]'>i>]t*nitl 
titf » caui|iburjil H^i niucU >j (Iid rir|iivwi)iL'iLL i^f iku vijiiiii nunrWr of ■lorn 
itf byJm^fru by 0, NO*, ar NIL', MrjfiMiVor. ill niiclH nm eil*u1.e*U cVMI 
v1)>A tbty fl^nUm 0, C]j Br. SO', Aft 

££uu|>1n uf Xuuk'i i In ibo Gibpno^«prl(4, OtpOAut ^ = C'Il*= 
jf<A^', (be priwmrii ntHf/iu.— Sa^^unJary iiuclL't krv t.'i^cr riAoif s 

ffard hr Ipimrvttt l«4XiJ<t in mCbiiyl=C']l*Af; itiii ('^.riivuimil, luiiiipiuif 

wiodJltitM^tbenttnibfiTnf li"i]rfii;rn uTiinm ^bidi m^ iwpltKad by AUnC-W 
W^co 1 M^ H A rt|>l«ovfi, iIid uaidu vf ilw itvukuujr i^vD' 

cr > 



)Q COHBTITLTIOS OP OROAMC COlTPt 



[iDtihcJ rf.nd« in am *$t InA'itM^ 2 At, of hinlrvfffn npt>ml. fif 3» «■* 4, 
fur* &i alai* 0* afw T. vii'tf 8, If tNv rlmjiCTit wlik'ti rtpliiHa tUu bHr*>^ 
gtii l# in>l ^ei^nWj aaniod, tl l« l*Mtily m>Hl''f<Jnnd tn hrt (Jtr^r"" XX'li»n 
aiLvuElii-f dfriient Iftkdi tba pIilVO uf iIid bj'iJpokff'i)^ |U iiMn« \a pri^AinJ. 
'ib^^ vli^iFRilmit Ta vtbwntt in ivljirli Ul l> roplAccil hf l€L: ud r«i| 
rlilLin>tl]oiii-. *|1 I ntiima nf l>yi)rniEn]] am ri<|tlAmL! by 4 Al CI. 

In (h(* X,tj}^lJifitf m*'!, NnuWIinp— A'iT7>AM"i*=C"H*, i< Oi«prf* 

fruTil it- jVdjift-^^iF'^drU. '»/<™<jpA'AiiJ^=<'"irCI; AVn4/»A/A™^=a 
!=C*H'X, JffiiJM;«5/ABu=C*irA'l; A''(.'-"pAfA'<'=C*H'ni', f'fl/wfti- 

AU Lbfw* N"f(]inliify tmnliil JmlKii*^ in tin* nxnw h.th'i iki Ihr ]'riii)Eirf 
niinlMix. 'lUi'V hnvp nil the mipt^ ivj^,— liml ie (/» *iiy. Tiny all nmlnaAi 
|}i« HU13V mtinhr.r if OMboi^-ntnin* ttilh tliD Bum nuiulivr of vlam* 

Hut inaiiuuTri tM lliv ■tbin" i>r tlilTurviit vlffmanl* tn fnqi 
■ It" Itdl fiti^niEilly tif tlio ibUE'ii^U', *?vi'i-ul eie'w t/p^" b** pi 
lwrriii|{iri{ ti> tb» >4mn ndrir*. hut •\\Sin\ng frDiu nni' itnDlWr uf<inl] 
Ihrpombpr ■nd tiatunr -f tin mi^foolly snnctM owim*, Thrt nntfll 
nf tliv a[-jOi* lliui ciUTDftly aEUiolkod ^ niih ^ery firw cirvpuwi^ $f 

ifj^ff<^Cfk U nnly attubcJ to tLo ni»)vuii iwd vtilv Id Ib^wa.^. 

of 3ftUmii;lliui.UuBrj^t:u(M<',iiiAyUaiTjiiuittduC''UMM«t^5^*AB)-«' 
II*. llv tuj>pu»iiijf k Al H I'» bu C(iiiiLiii>'J Willi u }ir<ifMLrv nuvlvu*. ** 

Uiky KifbJTE ika fomLf)i.iiio «>F niAity i^f itii- m^JioiIr in llm [ilnujr tJjDaijr 

iDtirli- liy]titl[iDti»]. {V"I Nol«, |i tl.) 

Willi H'^mI !<■ U»^ fliiuliMibtiuiii uf n-iirlDi frjUi ^^A/vr-tftf. /3rwiiiH^ 
Orju/tH, Ac . iw'i »qp|i(*rlii>P* n»y de mvlo, Fvmcrlr, Laurvht Diiiin- 
UJn«d Ehti rbr^rin* or nxyf<iii «4iqiit unhfl vrkh a primjtrv nnetKiif A 
jDcb. hui ili&t iMt ppolvu* miut U mnvvn^l into a MWidLrj nmlMfj 
by t1ii> 4uUtMdii4ii uf ct^J^jrioo or oiyK^'ii tti pan of lUbyJnMn, b«fd 
U ail ukA aji CI. 0. UCI. or HK>. oikrullj » (iHtf. 

Whim, fipf riAimili^ olpflnul |:v=clliylphi't:CH*, ™nilhifn- wiOiSTI^] 
It iiiTTt\M tbf nil ikf nlpn^iit j^veI.**!!*!;'!*: (HU ml mny hn rt^miH rilbr* 
ft4 I^HH'N.HCl, iTffHnlln/r lo laurrntV rtrlior view, or knutiltn^' to UM 
vhieli fat tit-" AfPuplJ, u C*H*,CP. Amilvlr. ilta coDipautiJ vt Dipblbf 
liD* Willi vCi tiAjr hi- »pn-Ka tilWr \'y C»!rCI,HCI, nr t.v r»H',r|". 
Tbft fDrnnr %-lfw u iiipiHjrtrHl fay ikr Furl doi ihrw pfUniKiiiifK irfirti 
lHU*i «rjiiMrrt*[| In the (otiou W ppttt»h. i?ip nff. not CV fani lU'l. nod 
H* ronTtftf-l (nt<^ l!>t •^nniUrj iiuc^H CIK't ud C"M'Cfa— In i}iM 
ttac^ lii*VT«'«f, tlio ntpbtbklmtftiiiuuiiBd w]iii» irmpircvl frmnaU v 
C*IK rBr' iuu*l faon^riM u> CLi*CJ>Hr',al]Jlr ^nM m« C^HHT.Br';. 
Hoi ihu HMiirAiiml, vfam Itmtvd w Uif ^th i>ff, <aI 3Hllr bm 4Rr; 
hn«<*, Bomnlipj; ia llif ntdir Ttpw. »i voiiM bt T)f«4nry t4 tiippHt Cbal 
lfa« tfti «l«n«l lA tfa^i uucloU) #nMf*d IdIo il anin uil wl fm |Br 
timv f nm. (CV*^ Umot,iVp. frvrnff/: J4. 71.) [pi«l*f» ilut fiDfokr 



NUCLBUS-TUJiaKY. 



it 



fMV raty bv ?t|>JHin«d \<y ilip «t1EQity nf libe dilorinc ooniolnid ia tho 

Siiinj&tlv. «^itl] nr^nni tu uiyit^m, LitiirUEil juulitlujuu^t (Amn. CArtn. 
i*hyr. K'.i, SIS) ihtil iiu pntbntr tutdwuji can cdiutrrm h'UK <njir*'ii and 
f *f[n ftp nr\i\, iip]"*>* j>iirt 'tf i1- liT'lfnE'n Km hn-n |<rpTiniul_v rp^jinrnd br 
Aa<jtljor eldnflntt mumiich at )t bu not yet Iccu found poMkU?, H'liLdr tu 
^<t vxyj^iiii Itf ■ pfimur^ untikua wiiLiJiEt al itm >i.mu Liuit Eomuviojf 
hylrwioJi, or tu vitbtlmw ntxyifou frbui tin 4>ijpiijuj vmi lu aucli n utuitiipf 
■* tu MTttlaa priiiiH'j iiitrliiUB- 

Wffft rpMTiilj', how«wer it'flMpf imi/. Idf B5fl)f Lftuirnt (eniro^Trn 

i>/ iJBjttliikliiiD {rW. dffj ) r-.'iitlur it pr^tpulilc Lrint lliPhr I'oiiriiuuiiili *liuu|i| 
bo wiEirJ-^a u- C-HVCT >ui<l CHVBr-. wn! roi ii^ CTPCIHCI, -r 
l^H*lJf,3lBr. tJjt[pr alunji"! *i\\. which, flccutiliTig in iJie ifldor tlifflry, 
=C^*Ii'■^^|J|0^ «iJ arrnnliiii; in (Ito mnr* rrapnt. [Wry ^ C^*II',0', 1* 

OWiv«rliMlt by (liT iLeLii f ii v<K<r-uL|>L4ii4- iifa.ni mouthy i«lik'ti itA:^* uwiiy 

«IL (bo uiVHon from '/ i'<<mi' i.| i,ht< i>i[, inli> MLlk'iie=C'*K'\ u imiit' 
librninlJuiL ri^ki n> lu'ily I'lfiliiiiic^l, if. iLotuHiui? tii iho fAiii-i Ilii^urv. vi^ 
dupii'jari biriflf aliiiomi oil ^> c:i>iit4iii ito nvoW^ry nuclvtib, C'*H^O. 

jTLq rklilfr ilirni'V i> '.U]r|tiiTU'd hy tlii* niiitiidumli^tiJ tlmt t'lo i^rjinnty 
DUfJi'iii, by E^K' partial nuUlitnlmii of lU hydiwij^oD liy uni^itLi^F rk'ntoDr. 
j« ttMii^ht Fjul, ii* jt wt'fo, ffnui i»* foriitor firni> of in-littV-rr^iw and 
nniTCfViJ ninrB ui Icaa pula^H T'lu luiuc i|jn>i'jf, momrvcj'. «iLfilui<ii more 
clnriy bow it » iLHt. jn jii^iiU^ n ccfMiii potLiun of eIid bjilr^>gL'tt llbi(» 
aiMDV^, ^Vn^t it ritvrniiL Lu t1>p iiucldiit) mflj ba ti^pliiutiJ by iiiiiCd]*, 
trTkblv rho muniiiintf co'iinn (forming piifl nf iIip niiclrnnj is iiirriphMn ijf 
Ibi* kind uf •iiJitlituiiOh, but nio.}' ii'rpr'bel™^ lip rf}itaif>it bj- i-ltlnr»n«, 
de TLp [ntv iliKry, on tte ofbtr lnhiidj lia* ib« idruiCt^c of ytclillDg 
moffb kimplor foFEimliB-] 

Chhrinf, liriminf^ JurHnr. ut SiiipAur. mny cotnbino wilh llifl uudcu 
Ut t1j< umitlBr uf :j— rF iLoum. Ritlit^r af lli»B vIouicnLx iiinjbt Toniovtfd 
by potuU* iritliniit ibo «i^VntitotL'>D '^f annilior R^Witnw ; — in flUrb n 
f««h ctcber tho tvfaolo of lJk cLJoniir^ nr broniMta pn^Od over (o ibc 
^U*bj T-itvtDklly V> lU< EiiJcEiMia, llio IhIUt bcfii^' Icf l in ilu 'ir^^^Einl 
Mstc. ar bitlf tho viti-tLDi-l itloptt. rojfflEivi wUh in eijujiJ rumber uf 
hirdtojEVii-JiIoiii,!, rkTD Lftknu U3' E>y Ltjq poCub. wliilr tliti uliji^r liilf uf ibd 
Tnlnrinp or btoiiiini^^lAiitJi jaihh nvrr In llio iiiK'lvue [it iv|tbtp« lh«t Imlnf 
■■*n4toTi]ni Tlu[ tlio chJorthe ur brmtiit"? Ifftniij^iii^ in e^jo utii'li'iix i* nnl 
roilly romavo'l dy polnili l ixni( vhcn it ks tliii* wiiMnt"!], nTid not 
rtplacol by kiiy mIIi'I rubiLjuuo, tUo uutr'lBiU ■■ oUlivt tf&iiaruriiihvt Snio 
HDtWri or cauipliitpfy dtriiT"]Kii,H€?, 

l'b« fvUoiTLD[£ (ompoundt, balouifLuff (0 tLo otbcoo-HFkir-t ritfiprd 
OtUiptr* of ].bi<K ImriiJuniMtiorra : Oil of oli'ltatil K^'^ — Cfiffirtilr **/ 
jr4(<F<re!C*H>.Cl\ Hniibrlv (T'lIM^rV C*H*Hr, Chior^Jc '^f Chtm^hiMf^ 
= CntT!,CI"; CSh'idi e/ f A/orrf/ii.= C*Ha*,a^ S-j-riuKl-lutidc «f 

A purlpi)'. pi|L?r ]iriTimri' 1 r -i- '-niliity, may tvLf up, mtDniBilly, T, 
I, or a [i^ini" of i^/f^'jft'. 

Efy tukini; nj) ? ^rurni uf uiy^feu it ii ^'iLtrnlly riin:'rrl«l iiili> n 
■nfraf AAi'i nrc[y hita it dtff&iiji 4fu/ c^/mpouiiii- Tlic product i« n 
PUiidafivn'iif Df i/n-Jtui/ Pr/OJi^i^vIj [rrotonini-Ji jofidnuitfitfii ou (ZrW^J, 
MCuHtiiig ■*! Ih« nnolonB wtduh Inlmv up tno iO i« piLmnry or ociroDdary. 




coMTtTiTiciif or <limA!llC OOUJ-OVXUS. 



The ufdltlm of 4 felomi «f Ox^fVD to itit dwI^mI* fr^liinH 4 Jiftmt. 

■■Ir* b thai At ftniMi ••'■UiM an M*n i4 krdK^'kk -1im« Di* ImiB Hi»aU> h 
■huh ipf «r>u|, il H fii4fn( (W< E^p *f*U iivlJ xitp likTiw W tt ^ ti4^ m m ibAlW 
Dj ibiii iliaDKiii 1 Ai- H tauMi la rvoiIsrHl apilil* of iattfrdangim wtth 
I AL fDvlal. 

Tbp fj'llitvinc ntv ifitniilitdr jicMh : Fnrmir aold, C*H',ft' (tlJ Tn«iiillif 

«Jt*. C *U'M.O*l; S^licj|inwM,C*IlK)\0* (m«UlIiP-ltJ.C"*H'MO',0^. 
In hniibun vji], rJiD pnnmry imnrniui hi CH's BnnnuBt i \p aslicvhr odd, 

Tbff tddklna of it Ai. tttrgvo 10 ■ nwhu pfodvfc* * AiSvidt cftJ 

mah iiiiUtBBtta W mjfliMutliln bj^ H lUiTni'uJifc iuclU.-^TLd roUDvinjEtn 
4«ftnii1« of biWlff iciiliwilU ihffir mrtnllif *ll»; Oialic mriil, OM'O'.O' 
(CMtoKJ'; tl"- prinury niict*-u» 14 El.bMi»=C'H<) i Pbllmlir urid, 

ThoM wilda whioh uv niim i1i%n bjlmte, An rtnrdod W LMmt 
(hvm of Lliain, nr lunl) u ImiiiitL^i cu(n]Kimiil« urtevf^rtJ •InplF AtMk 

Tvo AioiTU cT hyilrDrBD rnt^ i niuou of oryftu nnkv likoviH %■ 
ail&rhoil lu Lifu iiEidpi». mil lujunly In On fuitii 1^ S At- IIO. bui m »■«■ 
citliur fi»rm- In itiin nmnititr r4n> |jrn<liiriiil tlio AinoJivK <» ll^o vidv 
■VHH uf ihd tt^rm, — Wiili rr^rd i*^ ihf oJ^ohnl of ihr vt^onii HriH^ *a 
coiHJiKin blooh^l. 0*11*0*, t#*iirtaE'« view iHordt ^vty iwotiT witb lA« 
nJifv%| iti^nrv: Kibeii«. Ctl*, u i-unwrM by idditioa of hjdrocM IftV* 
Ike mffUllDt^^Kibfl^CHMr ibu. by >>aai(ii>ii of O bncnfln CK>4* ■# 
Bfiirli "iiil b* funber o^lditian of 1 Ai. axi-\f at bv4rfl|frb. Al»bo|w 
(7lfiliO*H^, in pmJnrYd ^IniWIr «"h wond-tpmi, Ar. Itai tU 
■Icdbolj majr. kAhaI). Iidid ■ lvutl> ffiffojoDi antlJtutJonH »rid nm/ noi 
t^oMiU^D oIiUpt » iiifUltfjrilul nblintk, QT I Ar wiF^r r4«dy f^mwls W* 
■lAjitippuH iD-WJ, 1I1M '*vMm3 m^miuf H nn'l 0»«him«<1 nldnttVjf 
lolll* TiDdnii^ irjiliitijl bfing tctDBlljr t^nMnl iTi lb* fom of wafT- 

Wk«B oijrpii ur cMcmnii uviitniElaE'* oulaaJn tii* Durlpui )■ tarn 
gnat qoniility, tlir himImia [■ jijit lit ivwiIid iUfU inrn ttm nihcr feittVB 
goguiniiiJt vnly b^lf h mny cvrbuii'Olomt. Bnd tbrrffnrv b<rbnfiD| 10 « 
loworKhH. Jutli^j Diiocivr, CUonl - dlC>\0', nlncli Moo^ 10 (i* 
«tbtQD4*rin. il rMoltvlp by ibs ncEion li AffUMiui ihlLtJA AuuinJ Vr 
SKO, ii.*fcfornuriu:i.i=CHV'',Md*hlnrirf«r»i=C»HCH,--bg|li*J»bi«l 

>[««l Diidej, buUi i-rinivv ariJ H<A>ii<Ury, wbieB nomr in Pl^I^ 'JP™- 
*■ Il*ddii4 Atfk, am UkAmw hrrnvn m 4W vfHWvitMV; birl lh4< riia- 
iHiM of ihABT ^rlmity nijrlri j» inFri«lv liy|KitMltailf aBiiinc-l fmrq 
IbU af i>i*|p Jtrjr^l rofM ; fiuiijr nuciii uUit. both primary and «r«4b- 

ap «r< «tttly »ip|iiiavi1 tu «iitl, bivaiiiii tbt< niriMJliiiB cl a advn 
> cf MBpooQiii b Vmt qiic|fr>bini3 br r*^n3mf ihem to f^onptaad cf 
M Mhaaw aboIhi conbittil vlih Mb'tr iDb«UDc«u TUc, ika «xU- 



nvchnvt-iiu'-on. 



ia 



MM of Hfltkj1«ittt VT TVI<4lO,DII^ Im btAy^ »miittuMiiri\y dnimttMltaitd-. 
lift it ii B^fuiijcil. W^ikuau Hiiiriy i^uirijiuimLliL, vin,, Mju-nWan^C^HMI'; 
Vr>rm\B meid = (^H'.Q^ ; lAvlhyiU, nUwr = CILMIO ; Wood-ipJrll — 
Di^^H'0^ d«> wff mnat iuinr«ijipiiL]^ dtTivtil fnm tlol nKituiH hb 
nii<iLi>aJt 

Of^ApBonv bfllciUHLbf tu 1L4 faiurt ^J*!^ ^' ^'^^ kBJibD KiEin liatn 1 

•Tcn if ui* nurUut r>f Ibanna crtmlAin' CLUlhinp but hyArcgrrk \if*iAt* ihr 
fVjlKin» whik thjit of tlin nlhpr oftrktAini moro ot !?«■ phl'HiD^^Tlio Itfit 
oompuuDd* of IW pbf^nnifl.affriw, CHM^*; C'^H*Ci^O", C"H'L:i',U'i 
uid C"HCI',0", (vi vxam]/\f. nil luku very remJily, ^ulatillun wiibt«it 
drcunifivfiEiuii, uru ttcurvdjr BulubEc: iu w^ur, lui Ji*-futra wJLh fuilhjr in 
ft]c<>bu1 ui^ Blhut. BiLt rDin|inui]iIfi uf tUt mum ft'tivt^ wLirlt bflou^ (n 
Jjffvmt (jpi*! uUil'iL ui^rkcd 'iifforuncoA in tEinir prfiprrl4«9t l'V<^<i ul>un 
t^y JtU^ but iligfitlj iLi tlio Niiritlioi* uf aLouii uf wliicL ilmv um (uiuJe 
up! #.^.» IIldigl»-Utlfl^,t''H»^-0^ M.d Iiidiij«-*Uilg=C''H»XO',H. 

Onthnio nrtiij-niiiifli in*j' 1ki armnEffll in icz-iW, Tbe Ihis of Mob of 
i!LHe»rir«kB&pnmnrT nTiiil«ij«) I'^j^^ibrr nlih{t4f>ccuDr)[irjiiucEtJ^ Th\i6, 
tb« follvt/r'iiiv oDiaii«un'lib?b>ifa lii tbo tBrJotuf Uihcnr ur EtTivl''ac,C*U*; 
AMuhvIi\ OH*.*. AK"jb"L C'HMl'O', Ac-ik' mi-i.\, C-ll'.O'; CburiMiia 

l-jcb kprJvi cDlitoJnt riiiii|H>nti(fH btlnng^m^ to dilTctriTit iypt^, ■n'l 
(A«» typc4 fCAppCHT in otbor itrriiri. T1jil» tbf imrTniA-rrprt tatludta ail 
nuclvi, priniiir> kud h'iUudur^; tho oIpvLdV I \7i«, ftlE tji">U[ Lu vbivli 11*0" 
bt* biAri *JJl*U ; ihe i»uiiubiuiD nflid tj^jW, all MUrlci «bLi!]| buvtf lulieil up 
40 Jo ■ddlllDTE, A«. 

A prinittry Ttiifilrii(]i>iivl>K[irtf<rA!bj;ra1iiiLf]ki^Eiriii of fH ^ Lbe mntijiki^?r 
rt iLp C.'A'*'ji>'rr«(Ki, *birli, in (Jio i^ft*o *"if niPlliylcoPj C^if^ J* mor^lj C*. 
oMif 'm uibrt ikUtJd IL LP C* -^ Mii> r^moltnlrr ol ttii- hyLlr<jgoii. Tbc Vli 
siftf llic C^fliM'J'/ ■<> Ibui *vtr/ |»fuiiury m[f.'|vui=Ci4.r--+ Ctmrt.^Cnr. H'r 

The Bairfiigiripd anid^ vliirb lli?ad prlniiiry mirTui fniin witli tnljiliimf- 
•fld, l&fr, ira tulJod by J.oumttH i'^ "pn pifVri/^nrif i^m. bcotuv tn ihi- 
99*^00$, aa ■ulHiitdCiofi {(TiAffi/f7ifi'-> of ^j^Jro^oik \y BDoIiur labiUnicc 

b. JrhJ/pi'r"L/.^ ill ti l]»r AiRiiianl U iFpUdvd liy uuidfl^TM, VH*' 
v^ ^H„/„ ..H^.^t^CfT) HAd, Tbo vliaiLiatcrietio rofno-ina aaitUtred, 

^ Amm. ;»^«yi=^C*j.-nli I xCI.IiAd- l"a« uf ibr livdfo^cn Ui 
tba cliMvtoriBtit; it nplocrd by tiblntlue or Kmv otbcf mll-rudiDiil, 

«. ^iiAJir>^>aL The hj'tn^ji ot tbn (trniiU-tit, wid pnrUy iilw in tha 
di«nMcrutti^ ia rDjiWed by l lAl^rultwLt by bypoDuriD aaiil or by 
uny^-flu, 

• i^u^4i=CEir-kH -riCiiCl^—JkU Iliu bydrwfcrk uf ibo luiixUiiT, 
and put of ihM m thf ^binvlrrihtir u tt^pIhgulI I1 y cliluriuu. bmiLiinn, o' 
lo^loa. Tht** natiei *n not ■ttconijan'rd by nlkHiu, 

A ii'itriiJt^EzVan, UX. Take [fro vLou It^tMl la oiof* v*M«iip Aia 



34 



OONSTrrtrTlON or ORflXHtC CTiWrOUMlS, 



ilKi>mf Mfbl hy {^tuh^ luid r^qTcrt'iJ into Ajmrninul^ tj hjJro«[pt«rio 

pf. ^)Hjpj4i^'*=Cu, O*. Litilo kaown, Comiqni] o&m|>1ioi. C*I|'*»0', 
luj b# rffiirdiHl na odd oT iTiflni- 

(ir wiTU Ui i. or 6 btunu «f a MJL-nLLJtBl. 
lij^drid« of fmivpt or nLvtbjIotw, C"H*. 

ClVCr- CI' {vt a* **t Ol*V llroiiiitip or Wioti iii«y liWfiwiia cqteT in 
p1iif«>iif ebluriDn. TUb ikililJlioij ot £ nr iCt uulKm 1>ul liUln iiltvnttoii 
lh lhi> rhnniDb'n nf llir^t- AuniiikiiuiU- ASTaUiH rvmntr Fmin HiPtn lb* 
«hTnriti'> «hirh iiDilrTnnl r^ llic micli-iiH, upA hmifl Ih' 1iill«r in ihp ffv« 
«li(e. TiXlili clan hcloTiirH for flinim^rcT OhH* *<,!■; t^C]■ * CT^ OH* tl' 
-i-cr, C^Cr.ClVCr. CJIMIVCT; CllMI'-rtT; C"llMr + CT; 

CM - ('f'- Tliir FLiTpiliiui^Fi ln*fvrv iljt.' □(iiMJik farm iIid ••htnrttnvtit i 

^ s ■ : l,f mMiu ^*Af (('Ww 14 7«tlipVU4l 9%iA 

,.#■ ..ii*T i*rfpi.] — ('runpfiiind* of ►f^mndifT 

uhirh. *hpTi *iibj«otoiJ M iho hfilinn of 

■ I kf< of t or iHO, «ii>i »» thtnrbT 

^ J , '-(■ <•! CV {'If Bror H iiL-tivI pf H)* 

-'<]n]w>iihili tulo wonrtlsiir ariJ', Cbli>rv' 

i^roai ;PHC]+CH'0* ffonnic ad<l). Tt» 

C-ir.HCItCI'. [Acfordmu lu tbk lifl 

I '" liiilufuTiii nrrliyJmlv*. *v fur u tbut 

. :. L kllJv lit iLi'ir M|u*iikur witk UBVtoi 



■n>li*^ni*i'«' v■*■-^ h* 

«l Itid imdd «flh riv'"'!-'. 1^ •- 
Udtiwllh C1\CI'. 'I, ,r<» 

bjftrk«lrcl«« Ma \\\i!-Y,\'\ I ^, , ', I .,. 
oWitiliiUuL k conrp|i»< • . :. l i 

«M4a «f niopaiLi p«Ujb lab hydr»bltr(e %nA ihToattde urtdit 

I. J*>Y4=Ciif.llAil +0*. The*v nrojvari'K vhrfi <1*mBf«nl bjT 

BHaniid#^C-'H*,IfAa't-0'.;43>is«ilb;l[0; Kli>-r-C>^fJ«^ri'0'. la 

CJ^'O.ttW* O*. two -?(«■. C^il*^»0', 

U*Uti*i^M4i aitl iW by nvtHt vmb 9liO u rmMTtri m iha a«4t of 
■Mdale mU, CUwvU k wvmkwtA. bv fw&M vii^ hi 



EL^l-TllKOftT. 



» 



^4<U<l|jtl A III. 



OiiAUb 



OoLjr 



■'rtinfiLA ilkalfi. jield i At, amiiiiiiiiu nnd L A(t nf « hibtflri^ Fkcii|. 
^luv-lnititHl'i ti}iv jlrflii^viintiinulo of Jrthoi phoin1af")=:(C*H'ii^Jp/ * O^J 
-f *HO=KH' + C*liVV-|-0' [pnwift;!? u-'iJ:,— tlf> topm^liiti- l-j (lit prm- 
vJjhlrw n/ ihi' Jrtin<l-lir»i>k< iiii^tl^^'ii - 7i*H\ lo rD|rard«ii u iiiitJniiuLJjIr, 
th^t-buff f'lrniLLlii »' ttitfiniuii'ld man tin tiai]*vtirfil into C'H'X,0^+0^, 
or iptv C"il'AdOVJ-. and ulunUrl/ willi lim r>lU*ir hiimifffw. 

d. Jlii*h/dn CMiiijiouartt "f llio pi-iiqnr> ur iDuoruliirv iluuIhum wjtli 

Iwloii^- 1^ ttic firwbij^iiEHlr', uitdiir aIiSeIi liil^iBLDn, iilw, inimj compound 
pf » *«on(1flry iiuplrui wi(b 'SO ifi liSj mnj b« mtia«il, :$., thft Anhf* 

dmridH AntlH:--, Bimnidr^, njkil l^iimid^x], 

Tb<'<n ■Id^li^iTf'H umy Ik- 'uMrviilniJ inlu vriii} ft ahfrkj/iira {trilioiiiv- 

+ U*. Snlphihl-' r»r l[--ne^Tii'. r"H'.H^ + Pj ;— jctrf tU^h^tw fPhonir arid 
= C"H'.H' = (J'i: anil iirr\i<il nlJ^hyJn, i »., itintnibLnif ■ dot^vpd op 

= OHCl',Cl' + 0', Cblvp-rli.iii>=rc ^,>iii=C"H'n,CiM 0'; Vici'w opid = 

al llid i.'4jiir,(<u>t may t-« ri-j-litur<il li^ a iii«Ul, yid4lnE l'^"-' forni^Ia^ 
n»f, HM-fO* 

C'llMr + 0»i fymouilli.* iirtoi^itftiC*H=. HM + 0', 

U StU wivnftfrfl/iVw '''rj^('j=Cn4', liCI+O'. Imtnu-I nf HCl, lU 
eomPDUhd umy f*iii]t4j.ln HX, Clilurm<ptlc ■<]iJ=€^C|*,<Jlli-t 0*1 thu 
moldlhc «iil=tX|',CIA!-f O-. 

0* ^iVI* H(Oft-f\[«i'jri« dH*ir/r*=Cnr, AdH +0*- Hpvsnil of Ibcpo *oin- 
jiQiiD'Iri nm n-idvi-d, 1>v ihv ictjun qf miurditt vjlIb tpr Blkalrx^ inca 
■nrnicnifl hikd Lk Ihilirt"!!) Hit [hiWkc Hpull ; Oxumio [iQid=C*O^A>JH + 0'; 

f'on'taiiiln^ ru;7r<tlt^t wkFi Eltv Hj wilh OO, ilii<y miiiuuii ? At. 
vdrogfin. wliirli iiiav Ik^ rOEdiw^uJ hy a iifClal. Oxnlit- nrid=C'0',]'l*4- 

»ot»JlioWi*-en*0',M'-i-OV 

b, D'i'tt^t. Till* i<«iclf*ufl ooinlnn'-d with CO i*outii[iifi CI *tt XO*. — 
Nkronni-lillmlif fl-.'»d=€"II^\*JMl'-(-0\ ils BiJvor-Hik:=L''4l'XO\Ag' 

K FiAi^w', Oiifl hlQiJi E>f It.i^rugm in ibt cifb^thut it r^jilnecil bjr 
iTtc oFf^iLnir iiL<i]47. Eilj>l«t*ll'=K ; itnJ oriFy tlm nLlinr cui be tvplHcn 
liy ft n^'liil firoj4>-4'ly ■<> ■'P'IIviI, OinUtiinici afijit = C'Cl^SU^Crj itt 

B- J'lVtrit'ttti'lrM^ C4>iit|iiiunilH nf lfti« nqali^u* with I Al. 11. Mo^t of 
tbtn *?■> iiBknowLi in Elu? K]raniti> niuU.; Itul tlmlr i?Ti«1piiri> mny lio 
|™j-i(hi»lIc»Jly twiimnd. 'Hn-y enlntld^ wilh ihc Kypr»lhflliPii( rmiicftl* of 

iho EfwlkAl'lh9(Hry, 



^A 



6. AfM^ CoDulb Ad. 

F. iSif9iimm i 4m- FarmH br iha 11111011 of tvo iir|«i^ <gAw tttm tkm 

Th*J Vk47 t^D ilJtjJeil Ul« JaJtWni^ AtSAfdr*. !ialU. Ao. TliM 
UfiiwbivC*lt'*0', fuFuirrl. u il wvn. Uv lb* imiwi ttl f Alotna *f U 
liuimd 0(1, C"h\>'. it * hnrao Ji3iDi<r« ; «aJ MuJaJia vi>l. C*^! 

vlijfh mtr lj« tvs>H«dM *c«ffipoo«il of iiiu#r ^voodoii, C^*H*0\ 

t LHh> cAn<id*fvd il njr duly tbu* ii> aipbm (Ii« Diatv huftorlau 
dMtibo* of T.bJirvnl't tlinnry, mnm HpAviBlly m (lii* iLporj hit* not ja> 
■vWJTvI) ftl liAft in UemibiiV. tb*.' klti^mi^'D itUnli it ilH«n«a. ^^hcrrvf 
lit irilrufi ii 10 tiM uat uf tiLiriinkrioDH f^«D If ho doflt noi ii^o "Kh 
Il i» ^i iu ■^Br^ili, irill biKfrrihrlMd ^iIbiH HmE tU* riadeit*-ih««Tir ■■ ihf 
4ttc wKicb aAstiI' x\m xaiMi niuipin itn'I canrprnhrnaiin viuw d| im iha^j' 
ihottfutd* irf kiifrtn nr^nii: rriirfumlf. BaJ uniliw tlwn jjj iIhi iml 
iiVlOtuJ fftinihf4 f,rmt%tt, W lib my ovn mTou tbi< tbfarj i« ih pfff«nail^ 
*1(M* MfvniiDoo. kuumnoli b Ui# uow vlil^ l| ^Ith mpKliaf (u 
mtfallir hJu vf urtfuoic ucilt. it Mnuitrft] witU lli&i wliii^li I Iib4 pn^Hstl 
■a the iqiMt pfvlikliJit. in Urn liijnl (^iliUuu vt Oii> HurL |mUit(it!il iu JtSE* 
(Vol. Sj; Ihi* viil ftMmr fnmi lh« M]niT-iii|[ ijuejUI'ueu- l^f* If, 
* AfmrdlM trt lb* flivf rivw fihal w nrttmr r«*>(4vii4 •b** 4n'4 f* *• fnaMH* ■« 
mart vfebf], k bwi ■>< tdmitBH i^f Ui4 imaw Bhirk vdlt«ai*tJ lb iba«BbkflU 
vT b|i4i oF it>dt CI ■d;r uUtcr «ArirL>t»Le mtiBlb i»tpdr^ vLik iW erfBiiia wiSniamt^ b 
BOt 4 fldHOg Wl k plwlDCl fbrVDd by 1^ lUilon at til Eiu •^tjgai ko Ibt mfljlElr 
«idt *iiik «D Df twri nr tht by^roKVi jn ihc fii^nic ii|t»<UMR , uuT rbt tpUIh avi 
ahUlHd U but t rD1n]>uun>l L?( Jn^-ivbJu vHa I |>«TlK«lr drbTdlUid ol^filc hMfe- 
■■tnr^ bvt t hi4j dbnufniattni fnum thr o^iiiiili wlHtinrf piT^U) dnrd ^«r vt 
\f tM ifiiMUfijM'nL Lf OH avivinliat of 1*^ a^ laailw invU Vk «■ «^ii1h( W 
^JiBf U . hnin-, uttrdlof lift ibt Am tlrivj b^whirk ilit pfifc—M aftw ta iko 
OBW of I1i:i viirkn m oifWlle flttblBtVC* 4n*d tt Jir ■■ pWiAtlf ffV t* RfkBl W 
tV^v'^d uyt^Kt't t*'iri[>-c>tj; u»dlJ»lt1)«tJl*LI4l wrtUtki' lUiO^ivUitJ -A • iritl (faaJ*! 
d^>vw ^rfriniHB'. vblrli, wAtrdJitc In iTt' >A^inf1 \K»%. U tui.y*— J b« jAipihkiw wi\t\ l)w 
HlAf of ]i*lI, bul ^n i*i«f Iv t>l>iBhiir>1 in lih> v^*"^ >■«>*, fiiMt W d^MBfkMnt 

TW 'niv*! to* fWtl | Itrta BO ihv f4tLiitli0(<, I^B M«* >« lAt WlHllUltfUt 
■^ta VH t; —UMf ^g hfJ^M^hUifU tM4 »■<■* Wit ■fTwtl* n—y W< 
■» Ik* BM tir*. [h «ifv fA«liiBrf IK ilv an ^r rmltkatUH vM ■vhHto taj^ M 
a H^Aw^ h' I^ MtoJ nntlDH viik Um vUuruit In lb* «* h^ «nJ wtk, tti 
ppsto f«iipMari frvfii IM« flH Um iff >Un ^t lb «ikrr. A^r^irArc U Ito liUr 
Up* {vhkfli Mjf—ii Ibtl wwtrt^ ytr*^nw4f In • Mt'c nf uiUaHitf rrifphintflM. k 
OfdM W lb* BrtlTHr au*L 1^ vtirr ■ ■* tJuit, tud ib< rfkHiLljc '7L* 
witfi Ot fc|pL^i»^| wkjdnu BsiUip kdnJ nr *UJi Uit hri«thriHUr 

101^. «n nKM t»la *Un tul > mmpottnA of 1 mtfTiliBli «r ai^Oi mk 4 «jm 
■■4 I BiaC *UA <B>T b« nM ■ wteOB-oitltt add C*.fw tdnmbv-utk v«fj. 

t—IMnfc H >■ iMl HAIvUiJ tb> t rqufolrUE '^t hydjVftb 11 nfi^*! bf 1 ti^llttfail 
fi/iW**iid: or** iur r«tvd ii. *i4 fhaoDi. >■ t njupaMJ el > <^ *f hiImM 

and tA 1 t^ ctf lb mc*^. " &c- 



l*4|».wiltH| 



» "(1.^ TW^ VI ■HftwbiHrT tMifAWtk. *J«^«ihH b 
rmiij. wr- Jit-)u. (Willi Hv^ b iW tiftiH >n4 fr«« ikdM N iBifw- 



<;in]uuir'< aiiutviLBimL 



ft 



nw*f ibf nkv vHli Umm Df lb* anil iblD ■ vhcdPk In vUnb kbt v^d It Hlvti«« 

PdMg, }ftm. H" hi rUMu-ifMSc. mi-ih, H jyhj/'i. dt V InaiituL Ittll, 
4 incl IHI^. ji, fwU) wv ihn tint I** iiiwvi l^hf Hpliyi|rv>iia «S«Jj# 
Land lIii- WpnthfiiPvUy anlLyiimiiFi ^iilImv rif Iruid mlelit be nfthJcd 

iMarrft;r (.l(i», fUil. 1 1, 2S1); Xbumnuii {Ann, PhU. JN^ |«ti). 



m\\\ 



t^ GtrAardft Xpnimtrntf, 

Al Umi ItiDC wljorj IUd di«triim nf uHiuily in titl> HiiuiMntnk w»i 

(TiOuitvfdL^r IjLEcf uiLiUh|il af dnt»^rmmiiLf tli4> ittr>inin irf»i|[1ilji nf 

bfit iip|jiini-ci<l- Nnw.M tliQ k Drvurln'lf? nf iWvo dptornUBptinui 

iHCWiUTla itkA ujiilrrpT4iidf[iu ipf titt forniuln af or^uic compuuudi 

jd, ilid |iriLii<ijT ji|j|ii:iini to W t];n mtM pm|if<r jiIjlop for inLr^ 

bn 'tpLinfid in i|i^kiii^ of mbMhaili^D, ccmju^ltd ulJi, 
•JD^ditt'ii'Oinp'^iiDdfS \i', 

AHordmi; lu Gl<r^l1^1l» ihf ti'."m\e wf<1j,-Mj and tqalvnloitti vf tli« 
CtcmenU viiE (lirit i-citniH^iimU, Iiml H'lt It'pn ciirrpclly di'tTininrd. fat 
iruil uf dii«< iltvinii*)!! Eo thn volumU'ixilnELoijj* vf lli* r1*ineot* and lltfir 
<>nJiipoLiJi^A III thn fAKftnnfi Atntn^ 

Wv niiflt «upp->nc. wlili Vt^reclliin^ (lii^i tfi]Qftl Tolum^w ot tTiD iliupltt 
otmlA^n vyvaX numlnr»uf riiuiEi^^iind lliorvfurr, hifiev ? vul^ hydrnHft 
luHkh 1 voL crvifniL i^t forvi wnEar, thikt I At. ^-itor «iii[4iiil 
La ^tfAt\tltvt> And 1 Au nxy^n, unA uYitrdin^ly tf I Al. ^3^jjfim 
'-^t^^aW {»], I At. bydrnifpn muot w-?iirli (l VN (O'i). {Ctn'p. T, <ij 
fr^r flrnjlbr rvin^nif, tlie iMjiiivnli^nti of t'ulino. hruinlnC) aUuFlDOt EliinniiOi 
VD'^ mlnt^i'n, mut*, a* in iht tynKm uf Bortvl^ui, Iju lukvl) bl tfflli iho 
T«luH uHLjjEird iu lUvin ill t|j» *i>rk- M'Tnuvur-, iLi:tur<lj]if IQ GnrLird^. 
thil lulvui^; iif ihn iF'piivLli^nt' iLiiTut aIm hf xiMitdnLl tn rn^l df tlift 
■neulii. For in'>mii]i' mi'li- lonluinp A ]>tjt. <iiirRtn tn I'W pin- niDr* 
(in'T. Dnil (lip TBp'*iii' -1' I" ii ^' "f ii-H'i>'iii ij a \0 that of i^iTj^n rjmlir n4 
4 9 : T'l : hcnrt. fc^r ihe [jiiii.l(ii ii vF inflmrk iHlde. If rid, Tii[ioijr of 
fMKOtj *nd 1 Ti>1 '>xvw<^ii g4i ;Lrci j.'.|iijm"] : TrtT ? . G'd - I'l = iai>:4' 
/aflVly)p AMi'fdiiiK tiJ tliip, lUr* i^k^rjn iilint rJ nifn-ur^ Uhht of o>yj(«( 
fninj H) ipi*f|iiri] tr^ .111 B,t\.\ ^hi- TihrrNub nf iin'irLirin nkidn jh H^*^ (tlint 
^ Tn<niiirnri" fwliln .- Itu*<^), Nnir, iiinro Tlic plir'miril tolaTlrm* 'if iiirr- 
rtrt^ okMo arr snalub''"!* to tL«i« of puprie oilHp, iVrroui ruidc, irtni^, 
f*<]dfl, iriATi^Dorii Diidv, inEHftit^ia, i'mio. pucnili, frd., *t !<il\<ivrt that (b(a* 
Ijillrr iin wA r*>mpn^->l uf Tun, P<in. KriO, MnO, MrO. CaO, KU, A*. 
huenfCi'd, Fc>0, ZnM, MiiHl, M^-n, fVO, KTl, .(--, tUnr fonrmlit nrfl 
Ibw bfwojrti IbtOtMardArMWOltb iKim triwn^. il'O. nu,! th*. nqu^vrilDTiU 
of tliHi lutia^B) comp^nij with Ih^t of oK^gen, riir ro'i"'"! ort'? Half- 

Wn Tiioy. liuwAiT. pn>nod In liru wnft. vJt, (•i^, Invp ||i«fqiiir«#' 
Ii>q1« r-f O, C, ?i, S\ ii* ibr* mi^ ifivuu m lh(> ll:md lool, fcod Jiftl"* tljuM 
of H, I, Br, CI, K, S'l 4ii»l (Ihr iiLKEalii -. or (fc), lnvrn t]iv loMi^r i-ipnvkli-Eitj 
M Lbej^ATP ^iwn Id tlio prr«riit work, xpd dniiUi tUmc uf O C. H, anl 
K«i in «j(Tier t^io «ft ubtam GvrhuJi'a «L)ui\ftleat». In ih* loUowinc 
Ijiblet wkioli jufdudei ihtt uIodioqCi uf muit IfH|Dval tMCurreDOtt lo OESM^* 



2g 



CONsnTCTTOJ* or OAOUIIC COMPOt-XDS. 



iNiiajKiiiiidp. tb^Blainit- tiiiinban*. w {rivsn in tJiit lUod-lHaika u* piMcd 
for eoiiipatiHq, btnT*t>i rha*o nt nflffuudt. 



t> i: 


* ** 


U P 


1 Hr tl S K 


A* 


IflermlEpfiif !«> fi A 


14 10 


fla wT 


A3 »'t 177 ; lV-« 


37 '» 


^frOfiUhf h |Ai »6 It 


it «tt 


I Si't 


lid M-4 4)^ H ATI 


?i 


UtiiJ-Luik F a 


ti BU 


1 31-4 


1^ Tit U-4 H ;i:>-) 


n 



imly to Oprtnpftni tltr M^uU-nlonl- nf tbf mri™ (tj widi llivn> of llie lluid- 
bMk. Tbo fli""fM winch *ii OcrbfcHi* fonniiliir, i-xpw*" iW mifitbvn tl 
Momj of li^tfru^fib. aail ihv doini^ula Mluwina U in Ibv BCd-^, mtirl !« 
itSt oimlivtvii. uiij tbuip] wbWIi kUif' to u, C. S. ami &• niLul bo 

C*H»NO = [C"H'.V*/Ji C^HCi'ri^[C<|ia'0'], C»-S= [OJi-S% *ll^ 
I tfquinilvnt cr vjiitr, Bd^rtLiriff Li> Clrrbiirilt,^ H^:i=[2ltOl apJ 
licNrcirc iioi— Ti biH = l8; »jmHarIyj 1 *.[. ^-ArWuc <iiiiic=CO=]?CO] 
ftnJ lbritfo»i"iiu<=H bu[ = W; i o-j. rtibftrif *cnl=Cn* = [£CtMj, ibor^ 
fotr 0M^?2l.ijI=Hi 1 i'4j. ujL i.f Yilriul=Sn'O*=]SflIC^f«0'll OkWfr 
|WriDl=lL> buls'iN; I «| naiinlkv^lnitii*! nllFro 'ti^i'J^NlLO'^^ltCk 

= KHO^[K0,H0] tbm'forfl^iiliU (jii in ilio ilmul-boJk-J 

Tlmr IK iratiM'j fA nrbnnlii nij<lis O rnrlmmi: acid, ^(l luliiliuHc 
nciJ, A(* , >h' (lie Inic] i<i[ujvulcnl4v fvlJoirv ni'i'Cir*i«ir U- G^rlmnil. fmm 

bonic iicM, aivnn oir In tlii' JpcompaaiUoEi' of urmm*: toiiiiulhiii J* i< nmr 
ui«p!j J Ai. bill nlKiiyt t Al, (//flnr/ 1-*^)^! Al. {^itMnr-J/j. '>t * 
tamjA'' m^ii'iAi' ttn-r^rfi , morouvpr, ibnt ivIipei cprgjiniii 4<iiULf"mnc1> com- 
bJD? oali wbtw, luljjJinr, or buL|iburic leiiF, lW ijaNJiLirjr .if thitt^ *»lf 
•1t(]«Yi kbm Uk<t] tib i? [irvvT lUbPcty I Al- (^f'iria-Au"i{') lo 1 At of Oiv 
orgnfiir coiripimtni. but »i»*sv> ^ At- (ti'ifui-(^.)^\ Al fO^ffl^ifTfl). or • 
■impbi iE>ulup]D [hiiiv'if I'lii^, <jT4lir lu-idr rn^vlbi-r w>Lb suimooj^ 
^mm iXHnJdn, frith *np«rHtiiiD nf 1 At. {Ifarni-ij^ nivr. 

lVfpcnnlMC-*»ii>jtbor=C"H"IJ*. »Lm bo*l*l wilb •llbJ^dIOlJ■ phOfr- 
tic xciil. » pjELt<iivi| tnio Mcntbeut^C*!!" Jiad IHO, ftc On iJi* 
Mlifr biddt ommton miipbor = C*H'^' » niitirerlHl. by laLini; Up 'HO, 
Jiit4 Campkiiir iirtdi^f^ll'H'l-, tini^TajIj, LMn|ii]4<=(*lfH>. b^ >i»lJiliaii 
of SlIO. 14 rviiowr'l itiLu Lw]lir aPJd= 011*0*, Ac. (Um (liv i»cupi>viifl. 
C'H'O*. »*ik]i \»t blc**i*B 4 tspnimic «KiO0UCB> i» <cnrcr«*J into UciJe 
tcij try talihj^ up ipcrcly I AL, wil't (//qaiJA,)} Furlhtr, lEanioio 
■cId=C^11^. kbim dialilltd rJlb cir«wA nf Iiiiim^ ■■ cuiiipTt«d inti 
BdiunlsCli*, abilo fCU' i^mairLB m ntmbJiurinu mlh thr Inne , htJ 
ftkrjfT vniabfr of icDiliLr (iHbntp'4itioriB ni^ht be k^duccd. In vbL'b tfav 
^QU(lt_v 'rt eiffNHiit arid wjiirafnl Kiuuuqlji, iiul lui-rrly lo 1 AL bm U 
J Al- lUattJ-6.)^ V'iBiMy. aI^ cnuju^tAd ni'iJ*, (umitLinj uf ^tlpbnnB 
■nd ud hi orjfmic ['Lii)i|]4»uml, 'imum Jnr f rr*^ I Al »f Ibr ivfuiiir ■bb' 
■EtiHwat Iciul 1 At B»'[ ii4»n]p-(JTnr« trvti 4 Al !^0' jy/flBf/iJ ; bvt LI ■■ 
rprslT iJiAl ih« enntnnJMlDn t4k«* pWe in oquil pombm «f ftBoDUa u in 
nIpbMtW wecT.jt = (7jlUM0>. 

Il It Put Uf la di'nin] llul fltrhnrdl, iiL tbn Ji'f«rbiiii»tivQ ctf bit ■»' 
f>l|g4 «qai*aln)U, ba* («fTif^ i^iil tb* tnbiinc^iUi^nrr in tlip mmt lOD- 
MnitltB inu»r poaibl*^ Tbin ftiunpr, h<>wvn. \» vpn b> Ih* fullvwiit 



plioiic 



I 



tilCH«,XW»T^ KqnTALKTTS- 



iTiuI uf I'ly^Afl, fliA uaAtil.ii*v uf LUe) vji|i"iirH uf Lliiuir tilDiuoiiU uti^lit 

■u 111 ]ji< LwiiAi u yreul v tlitti nf oiyj^^ji 1,^11:4. Tliv litUiir u, m ruuml 

imnWrvtslI (rlmt of nit^ V H)- unw, unaaniing tn IJumne, Uin viij>-*iir. 

^rnilLv i'f pViii>pboTiu i< 4 4, t>n-\ thnt rjf AiLlpKijr=^(l~G<% wli^reo*, 

r4:aJ\flii^ (o <J<rlian]l, 1I14 va^oui •ivnaily of lioUi tbctc tlcDicnti ■botiLd 

L^f uiily !f 'if- Cfthouffn IjtrtffVvr, liiu fuuiid Lluil oL'rtiiiu uti;:il]i? iil'iJ>. u( 

i|tiib|iiirk[urk'> jii^l nbovu ibujr builiit^ jpuii>[i, |juv4.^ Uii LLiiuiLinlrpU'-lj' lii^h 

^■fkAntjf Bm»Uv, wliiL'Ut ui lnyJior loiuiiomlurBo^ ■• rdHmTi! to).!icT iiuriDii] 

ITniMinl 1'^^;^-, nrplic iu^kI ;it 11^5° hu a Ttpoui^d^ijAtlj' of 'l-^li, which at 

!i3*~ it rerinffld to ftOH), ftri^l^ UiorflftVor, ^Wl l\iff Tapnijr-<1<*Tiiiiiy o( 

lulptiijfH ax A i«in|Kpntarir 40^ lii|;liu iknD HjiiC dI wlnrii Doiu^ii iiok i^ 

only O-tT H ^e^» Gorburdt ^qggfMi (.V, y, tkarta. K, £HK, II.) ilibl. 

It a i'ilKcienTlT lii^h l*im|H'ralur*t. tlm "fvreirn" ui'uviiy of ii]]|>hiir<vA{iour 

l-lrodcf bw r«duccd from iS'^T !o fi'3, jiiiJ Ihut nf pUinpTionm-vnimur Jroin 

|4'4i 10 3-U, niikl ihut tiis aniimibfy hn nninVful. TLi*. ki^wrrvr. jpt bif^hlj 

iprflluliLo, flt4t, ljwrtii*n iIm> iiiJr<irii<Drfi in ion jn"C';U nn'l, •rpmHIy, 

'tieoiapf tba Tf^ltavtour of a Few 4jrj.'Ui]ic i^uui]iiitHhl-i, ntiicL pKviL'Cil ■■> 

l&Qj pcouUf^rlliM^ cauiiot give utucli iiLfuriLiuliLHj rtith rv)^uFJ lu tlial of 

■inpi* •ubakaii».' 

3. Getliikr<Lt'« uEomic wal^bli cnu ■ujk[-'i''i_v im iaUaI £gttivaiinU: ml 
■11 ■»<ii)tq, rhii [iirin, if nppriocl U' i\ii\tiJ, mint tm LinElnnUM^d In ■ 
(litTi'l-^HE h'tiAii fmm []iat in wljinb WolWinii iinni it. Tlim. Ar^urLlinjf 

Elm nUiinin ni^it'liM {uip>i;fire«f Ipv W^nUrMrin {nnil in tbi4 fliin»i-tiL'ifkj lo 
^^blor^oo mid oiy^D, l!ic40 two tub4lAnu» tm rctlEy ft^u^rpilfr'ti; kn 
'CuOh 1 Ar.Cu n*yTi* tvplLWtL by \ At, (.'!» tba fuatilt uciu^ a uuui].<uunj 
hof ilie hirtd anli>r;aiLil tb<v aif lickiu* Kjutimi vf CuCl ibupi furhnriJi Uljn.vn 
j^lik" ■ t^iiprje mli- Bui, ura^ciHrn^ fu iJurbunUV iiliiiiiiir wul^pltt^ I At, 
luiriM. la hrinf it tn tb^^ mniii nrdur uf mrnbiiinlian, I A;. CI ami 
At. 0, or 9 Al. Cu rc^mro 3 Au CI fcnJ uoly 1 Al. Oj favnoff 
O uv ai> Joit/^r e'/uivaifH/ joa lo tbe otLier. 

tiuliunlt'i »v>LuiiL iuLruilii«'ii uiiiiDuiJtmry couifilujiiiy 'ml& tbu 
Im uf climiiim] ciiiriiHtumU L tbitii* tVO' in uinvurttiJ itiln Fi/U'. 
Ff^O" into Ki/V)*; CrO' jm,. CrMJ'; CriV ii.t^, Crff i CrO'CI liiu 
'(.VO'CI'j ihi> k'E (mTipDiind ivrbicli, KT^iiinliiijf Oia ivLniuia irviifbt* adopud 
la (hid woilc, may t<e ri<);tnJftrl ot cktromio *i:'ul. in vUKh J At, ifiynon 
i* >q|tlfcG(*ii by t At. fbluiiiio, US' lu ■ t^impouoil of If At. vbrnmio ociJ 
■ ilh 1 At Lcraliluriilo of i^lirffruiorii), !■ woli<ij(Jy in vtrivt uinlo^r wiUi 
fhrnuiif^ ■ci'l ; iiiun^itTPf. nffonlin^ |u uur hviiilI furnLulir, CfO* hUd 
CH)^^! cnriT^jfi ihii Minn ]Liin»l>pr of aloina ; but, itccordini: la CUrbordt'^ 
Js (CtT^ nnd CVO^Cl'), tho numUr of jitohim ja ^ ia rbn |onu#r 
C li tb* Utlflr, *o Hint tin? DiiAlfifi^j i* <lrt*ifoy<i<lh SlmiUr irr*jfiJ' 
EIh liiuivkTO iji.'L'ur \n wruniiic lyjtujiotinJn; (bu^^ flurbiinlt liimfcLf 
F^afaarrrvf* Ihul nlr^pEnpl itiiL ju^uEid nt'iif, UAturdiEi^ tu tho onlkuftry ^l^nli1Hl^ 
CH'O' ujid <'*H'0'. cuutnin vi|uiU uuiuIjbp* tJ ili>[i]» , wbtririiv, nL^uordiof 
t^i bJh nirii &iriitul;ir. Cti'O imd t'^H'O', tbfTi coiiiniu Jidi'f^ui uiiiuljorj, 
111., B]cii>bnl U and Ani^tin JwiJ iiuly K ntoin* ^ livtmn Lhf<y caiiuoi IicIolk Id 
>lbfr friiiop> ty]>o. Ai'fl rirn if [liiPi 1>o a<]iiuElf>^lH llki* vi^«*iiibliinpii WtiVHii 
'jliB tva tvui{iOuii«U ii tiill luo ^;rTal lo hUi>w of tbc luppntiitinu thkt Eliey 
,<«BNin diflVnnt i»miib«Ei ol AUini*- 

4. Tbn facl, tbnt ill iiLoit Uui:oirip(HiHii>Jii of tiTi;^nn' inyin^imd*. in 

• 40BnrdhB0la ihd ihotp t.^qe njicrunaiiti vI tLtadni.Elrt*i|nurrE|r;i*ii7 of lulpiiur 
■1 ■ (HnpfiatMH About lOUD" ab0«r lEh balllnjr poinF, ifronlr '»if-TUrd of i\itt *hLrh U 
Huiifttomi^b-'iLhia ^mu ILlntuni'tLlMiij^r^.lliuJteil. l.»;,. [V.l 




30 



aiNSTITUTIOS or ORQA^iC 0>HKiU:(I>S. 



ihui vlJni^ntfiE ■• nnl 1. 3t A. ft 7 Au {I/and-tr} hul AltByii t, 4« mr 
At t dflf* EWI rvAlL/ jifoTe ihai V At of vitfri urntbouJo kci'l ibi-Dld b« 
Mdu«e<1 lo I At, <ir, iu ofb^F wonii^ rl>ot tW arouiJo veifLu u/ tUw 
«OBpBUJ>d« ibriuU hv iloiiUli-Jt L>iii ■•. id '<U'I> mffraly » bMBasa// full' 
■vi^qnDi of the Uw KlrmOv ilairaloiwi, »fEurJiD^ Id wbirli th« j|r«ft1«r 
nuiTibfrof ortfimicKdiiapcuiiffa cotiiaJn «Vfii nuinttpFn vl Moii^n of <Brban. 
bjJnii^t Hi^il DXjijaD. I' Unw » ar£4iiir< ai>in|ini*p'l, wh^d d««i>iii- 

UlflJDf fth cvon iiuinbuf <i %tow4. it falluwi uf iiup^hiI^, iliU u tnu 
imni^R af ti/tm* ft cnrlnnin t^jdi ^., uiii4l JiktwiH bo jiiudiitwi- 

1.i>e1v, Kfl vi« u« filjfftil to ilnubl* i'inf aiomio wt^jfliiij of mxny «av- 
^i>uri<)>» jn ordvr (■> nftko tbclr nitmbar ff ii^rn* cf flirWn, A4 , *t«p> 

DHVlion ihflt t^* dDODiiipoijEiiiTi tii vrguB\e ounipgupiJ# ij AlEfudi:^ «llh 
tli« cvolulivD oF AB otCD iimnl't<r of btonut oi uHfOcie aeidj 4ta 



lAfOTf; Ai>r On. 

Aliatkkl funnnU It KCl,^*. ^t fliv ctiuipuUDil h«- rr^iJiiod mt *ul[t1iA(« ef 
Mtbll; KhSQ" if Jl bi r0^d(*<l u Aul[ihlkuiili] uf |»uU«iUNi; Ud 
K*,*/, if ll ^» ni|)H.nl»'l *■ otiiliml aulirliiilu of ^oUjvIuhj, Nn« vbick 
■ tflE Af ihuH iiirsi- mlinnnL fcFmiiJin itn jiiirp|tinil, llm ritc^ilr nf writinf iLa 
firrTiiuU Eirr* no mfialAolnry iilr<i I'l U\t nrnriT in k^icvK tUn ■Uiq* m 
atiuhJty tintiAl, The ihroD inUrioM* in tfaa fonauU Lra BinB^ 
lofriW' In ft •tnlifbt tme. f . ^.. KO, tSOUO^ bdt In aftlOM Iti*/ ftra 
vluubllow Uij^tuit JiiEv ft LimIv uF tbn^it iliiiiiriiiiiiiit ; for tiMir Matiuil 
ftluLly inJuqH ibu j^n'itftHt pn^'ilik hpiimtmutJEan r>f ihr bi 
PH>ii* atumB N«krlr mI^ ihi-miiU ulojit lik ulamir tJifnirt. Ihfy 
mine ilic n-ltftir* wtJfbUof Oie tiomt. And tlitlr rDLUv^'ihilanta QM 
fmn tba olha, or Ihe nlatiw >pA« wrupifkl bv «Hh ■lum ftf lbs 
MmUn^d lubabMicti* ^luluJiiiif tU" aurroiiiicliiiji iKlunAntufaluiHt^ kypv- 
thttrmmt* kWi ihbl* rvpiwlmf ill* fonii ^'f itp 4toina, 3r« W bjr thn 
■bbujd «* DE.I lik**iw ihr'iw out tufvcvidonB irnl» n^ui u ihtk 

IwlfttitH fiOCllloDtl 

ll biBT l« kaancd ihnl llio livlJ-f<<;rQnuou> atomi la b HAipumul a^ 
Mfiytwib u* nnux bu cqrii wlWr fei E.hvir niulunl uELrmtiiaii or kftDilf 
rc^uiR*, tnA ihf vLii>4irilT Di ibv nJi»nl!ii pnvvb'p* bllow*: Hill iWl 
tt^ *ij] toka np fliiiE |«rtJculiir |Fcwiiimi witK ngaui to 4«rb tthtr, 
vliMi kTlivwa nf tlifl jfTVftif*! ui4 Niiitl «*rkDi] ifcriT^niit(riitloii i>f |W 
bMflvf^vrou* tUiiiii^ T«ir bIiibii, «m?h u HO. fwn I'nlv br diB|H«nl &■ 
« tiBA. Tbtianw \m intc *iib M^nril lu v Al. uluof kulaUfic* Mil < Al. 
«fMf>UKr, u UnOV K#r« lit livd m ihii imdd^ud t Al Oio ibt ngbt 
krrd }i*h nf it Orin itaqi of ■ pnl)f Utiiw ftnd 4 niMU ftf fLj>{ptl'vr. Mcb «« 
SCHh pnklitbl^ fortD « pUr>« iti^n^lv, n-tth (liv «ulpliur«lDiD in tbe nVddl*. 
WiUi I Al bpd t At . b l<] NU\ ■ t« tAhrJff II infev iwrb^pft be filwd, 
lATi»( tit» Mb 111* BHldld »Bd iht «a (Ll ilic faur mmili id lb* figm 
Wll^ L A<H la » JiU »M in PO', P iti ibfl tnifldlf. |0 aUyp» 10 bSiw, 
ud 90 diauBi wi htiitaau^y rmJ P, 

'VWb M> «*d lUBUtf MBpo««dBof kb*lii*l vnivi uniM L0(;tUiu, 



I 



NVCLBUS^IIBOBf- 



u 



Jt*. 



thftt tbv laiiif«noT o< 



lAIUI 



k 



niiy itnftjEinv t\vnt, in rniby mm. iIm fplutiv* 

D hiDtt*r rpmHlni ilifr wni. but ia bo fir «Ittnd 

Later Li;ririLi» 111 Uiai* Lo ■pfiiDxhjjUtf U vIukIf 

fHiUo it «4Uft£^iJ Lu Um uimiKl. Tlii)>» m tUu jhrmlniiutiuii vT KO 

L'Dniurt. SkUkiJvl]/ viib KO.K0\ «iLCf|iLifiji£ tlikt m U>i« »sv« iha 
iir« iJwFB*! in 11 kijUDH vumi<I tlio |iimi>1 tri liiiiuh vf K£, ■» 
JuuMu Fuur-iiitr-l I'rmtin^J i* Furtir^iJ.* TIiv l^'aiEsiLov vf ilm 
fltim> JiLirihP T41 JLpproiiKiiE' u do»'jly v fkiAublu. cJiujini thvru 
|« manniB llio mouL *jni]il<« arntii|;»mr-nt llinl tliait (iii^iilivi wilJ aHmil, 
Thkt (]>? OFyativli 4>f ^ulfi1ii»Tu <'( jji^liiiL ouamc io 'iilto t-f iViM ui^uno' 

~~'4i^ iiiiTtiul of tfcie *i|tiara priaumlifl lyiU'm, «riH'> p4i]^]L>j4 frain 

t h^uag ■ tiiiioh Jnriter tloinJ<r pirntbar lliHti |ib1iiM«iiLin lL,5A, Alf)| 

nsT'^afbll^ A inhvli MUbUvi pwillD Tglum* H »>-otJlW AtDULf 

(I., ^■*}. Ill ''piiiri-<|iitfLi:« of vflij^L [lt« wrtlovfi of tbotwc pynniltU 

ilftr. 

•Uppoiilioa rutwrliitg tlif n^ij^if&tbn of itui ftUrnui Ju lulpEmt* 

piMftib, iiiAr ptLsjih irfrmLiiktit tliv <<(ri]((^vk>nj' m tir ttEikiLLur tku 
eMBpvtmJ i* kg„sQ', ..r K,8l>-, or KKO' Anvn^inc to iLv nbuvi< 
li]r^ili»u ■! 14 n^iL^r of ill* tlin«, bit nlbir KO*Q< Tito oiomis 
ifid(io<lj irfi iii}lK^Li Id tiich ft niuiu«r tb*! w« caqui4 my wbioli of Uit 
OIVfVB-ftloina hckajjt |u lUm K. nad ttilL l«u cMi WD tMtcrt iLuL LUb 40 
b«MHItf 10 Ihi I:? 4i]4 uol kImi Ut (bp K- At fint tlaw» il oijjfbt uppwr 
lli4l iliD Ibml fiimkuU, K.SO*, iHiti]miMUtl4>, Init in mliiSMv of pMAViuid, 
iba K will S kri> j'jiihftlily more utovrU' UMti*i1 ibmi iii <4>Ifi1inUi *ii pn\nit)i, 
lu wifiA xIlc fom «iirroDbdliw Oxyfltn-Klccni iTilrrjiiuu- thmim^lvH lo ■ 
rvrtoin ti1«pL tpptwcdn i|ib k And tbu 6. h'ut tlje te^r, uuilL iLlq abbv* 
JirpuLboaii vbuLl bme Imnu fiut tu ibn tmt cif e>|irrir]i(!a— wliicb ■■jhatf 
Lo Uuuf bjr i-ifiuiRtring^ tlm Dr)-«HilUiiEH jWiiiH ff wlia *ilii 111" tcvaiwd 
iofV Asd irninj,'ninpnt fif Ibnr nt'iiii' — |iroFi<riiri'c niiip*l In^ jEirra Io Ibfi 
Ant gf Ifaf ibreo jutvuiiait fvmiuW. vli. KOJ^U', lOMDiUfh n« Ll bm« 
kIw^ becm «ili>piDi| hilboTLdH iLUil in (b« mt, Ui* oLjuitiona oiiiivoM 
Ib*«i]*&ii1wi9&— Oil nf vitrkU wnulil. v^i^irUiutf to lUo ui-mv LypolliMii, 
bir ■imiiiLr]^ tiitiuriiEiitMlH till- K hvmiE rnrrnlj iwpUi'ih] Ij_v II, \i\ 

Tim ibpnry mnv piirht|i« losid to iLli tJipitnflUiin of t\\u thnw Ubimrifl 
«(tta« Iff |>boapboilc hviJ. Tba |f»hlu Lb* nuiuWr uT htLim* ivf nnj bH* 
(>Q[tuiiiOf HQUri'L wbi<:li ii|jpirDiu.-Ji thv meiiiI— tLu QivfikL vf tbul Ijam Lftvioj^ 
■ Iradmii^v tu ■.ppMiirh liiu jihtiipliurus — ibu luun' nrv Llm uivutfu-iiL^nii 
■gmmu^iitif tJtu |»bMf)Li')rii* ibrut Vbitt »iid cfiitLjK'Ktfii Iv 1»kr up tiuv* 
pABiliiiDa vilh ri?>*pcot to ihr pfaMfJlomt H^id th« mrtal. If lurw iliv 
pbofpbono uit] C'lUibiiLcJ wrtb ^ Btuuii uf bftH^ bviifpnvtd, flr«l of DOOb 
*ad iJjva of miulli^r ilLuui uf lTu> (oih. ih* otiyiivri jfrvtu^Dy ntitfM V 
iLb r<rriiiDr ■iiuiiiiufi. imin wliirL it l^jitl l^cirn ilnvvH ^y l]jc toliuB of tH« 
iMHiiLDd lh« Hionahiuic ui<i Tbiiv produm'J cn-n ftDly bi' rH<Luh'd |o (he 
Mndttiou of « biltino ur Urbuir a^i-i, hv ib» artUhii vf 2 or 3affiUi' of t 
bvH Hiitfail bj Iml ur iH>i(1.muDil /or b lon^ timp, NnO.PO^^XtFO' 
li pvrliMM G[-b>IjEuIM irniilurly to KO.^U\ miX'pliTi^ t^mi I Ai' i» 
fdacad ihboro (h# pbiujibnnii-jiloin (ttu« bi.<ia^ uMptiiraPil Ui bi< klxivt lb« 
■fxliom) ftrkd «]LoLb«r At 0, bplovr iba wxliitm-blciin.— Ju 2^'^U»>'0^ wd 

* R44l««ft i»1<r- •;diii>miiLr'lTi'Wfnn4Jiiratiinu u [|rt( ti pcvible re tli'iaKlvcf . 
ttw Ti^*' FFi*!*^—! Ill *■•* in-l** rirmi* * J rift" i( V n»lniip*«ld •■ frnn'irntjnini* rit th" Moiwa 
sttV* <lilf»r"H I'lrUicipi'- 




32 coarniTiON <*v okganic cou?oukm. 

tljADMirr .Nivinil lObtnmh ilmlnwi^r .\n; nnJ ^^Ovmnfril hnriamulljr 

Xnw tba bEii»ij»b(iriiii jimri, U At. Sn nmnj^il Ii4>rii>]n [Ally Sri ft triMi(;l4 
nd itiB plmi<plM>nihrEt(imi itml iHittvuLin iIiiwd :(NnH IUvrAinr iu liun- 
■OBCil plrnn. 30 ftlxtvr and Mi >>rlnw. — Wfn-llinr clii^ armuKr'miiiil uf 
^uomt. Iter* iiifffM^^ ^^ oimoi nr not, rKrailb^rpviM i\i x\tr» ftViinr^ 
Iheor^ Liiii>t nf Imut AitiuU i'lilI eLc KEiiTa^ Arc noi diBTioted In a Wnt, 1^* 
Ihii liiTflr* in n formubk kil i1mi,by ^'irtup ufllHfir rLlIinky.thiTV A|>pnatli 
ii> nlnrt'lir im ]inwihli\ rlmn^^fj- fixmiiipf nioni m I<ij* nigiilm, auil rOQanlly 
MiiVul AfiirpA; mnroi^Vftr, tint it i« nf tin* uLriiciii iiii|iorlKii«' tu ]jia1i« duI 
LhH i^'Hinjjf'nkcnU aa fur em rii>*-ihl'*> wIlIj mml^o 'irj^rvi* ipf |iri>bjil»i]rty, nnn 
{[■^Uor li^'IrL iitny LlicRliy lio IIieowd on fryaln^JUc foFiiij |44jinrTi4in, atut 
»tW rolhUunr. Hm| klui-u it id uliIv try llile lupnxih tlmt vc (do Lope lo 
uhltin Armrt iii*W' of llm tvMiaiitiiiiitii ipf «>r^iiiiii? 4TuiJb|>m]iiJ*i biiiI iIkU* 
tb" nuiniihiiti f ii«1ii]|f <oni.ro rtaralv* trapwimu tbe a4»nALimiio(]«f qijuatl 

If iH-rf wp h|ij>]y ^y organic PMii[kf*iiiiili iln* piiookftlpi nhnv* JUtfr 
tniti-il, by emiLi]iW t^rii fjnut iuuixHiiio ob<?mHir^r» untl fevcune vjdi 
lAUT^nl. tEiJit ihui- cunitH>ifiiili iiibv bo dtvLdeil Intir ari^AnJ? iiu^ltl «nil 
L-ut»fifjiifi(i> of eIim« iiiidci wiib «fni*Tn>» tjUfnnllj HtiB^UrJ i^ ibcnii 
n't aliaE] flhL) thwX^ m ibi» tmcldt, llm curbur'hlo&B m\\»i li« citkit#d vltli 
tbr Allii'T «Ji>rti4 (nni]pnitiii^ ilii> tiurli-up, ill 'toh k maunpt %m la nlkrw li* 
belpmj-vuhuui nlrnji-> l<i aytprofl*'h o'lO niKJlbirr ii rn ninny *iiy» «j pw- 
■lliliv tvhrri'by ilfu ■ Lb^tcrmiitiiio t^^urv iimij«I lio jirokWod, u Lonnhl 
bu tbuwp by \\\n ilE'ulnLiLku ;ri^''''' '*n ]-nc'' I 4. 

Tbw nutiltfiUi, 2'[A^rr" lult'riiiil ifni):^C*H". luaj err™ lu «d rimnlptv. 
tt hu pn>f>ab]y ttiv fojni of a i-is^'tt. U-ux a.\^^va nt wlurb ecivuvt of 
C^tMni, iMil (La fniir ntbT' il'hani'irindly cj[>|kj>d(L Io eIi^^ih uf H4(4nib 
|p ibv VM^i^y niioff^ friim \ ta 4 At liiilrLij^ii rkri> irplifiil by dI^C 
•tomran To tlie olliylpn^*rr(pfl brbmg, vnni>|f nuny o[hcr i^mipavudi. 
aUihvdr. kImbaL auJ [ii'CEro nri'l, tb^ crude forniulED vf ffblrh artr 
C-li<A', OH-O'-iflJ OH-O*. Tb« ibtw ™ffi|M>i,rtil> njM.with ■nn* 
Jtwvo bf pralxiiiJlEiv, lie Bhp]Ktvd ht iv>nliun ibn »#i^MiiUry Badn> 
CJ|'0» DDfi iiiij[lr flf lltK (Tiibr o'l^titlirtg ftf O- Thu i*[]lH--*iimm}l fnrmfil 
of ID klon of Mfvoa miiy be t^WfA >■> H^poU^- Ji[i4 tKn 'iinnnii dmi^O' 
■1Ij«mkvaI la it mid fvriiKii of '-urbuo, n C-j^* .Xv^'n-ii-Vj^ u- tlil« 
««p|HVilHni, lb*- mlM>n»l fi-miula uf aleobirl vuuU bo <?'UHJjl'<J. i»[it»|. 
Inf, n fiul. nf [be f4>r.>mii»rir nudr-itis C'li'0» wieIi .'lli uuU IU oUtnttUy 
itUBvlwL Tbr :)I1, ii4 c^inBKijLiriidD of ihtiir iicciilEmi-ly iLroug affinily m 
tho <>, lire illvpiivfJ on ibuto ibrfv fnoi* of tW cdIw^ oiii» >4>fb> nf THkieh 
14 fNinW bv iko O'jnrlu^ uUile tlujfit+nttl U-alom pUcW lUelf OpOD tbt 
fvbmi-pijle^ KtL, ilin C-nlDEii <li]uiiDiijnHy vppL*tJ to Ibe 0-AitoiD oi th» 
■iiid*ii«i li*nbiv U 14 in44| furribly ilmwii luia Lbia pwLliofl by Uio nalMd 
n^ljon *4 Ibc C- ^nd M-olnim 

Tli4 riitunal fLtnriilt -li it'Jebnlv« JMcrmfnvd id n fitnLlkr mwfi^r, k 
CllHJ,}lO. lb*- ll-Bt»m L> ■ttti'liixl ti4 ihtO ai-tm nf iba imol'iK nnd 
(l|i^ O^qlDin to tbc i.-pvk', Tbi.' FEO rilt^riiiJ in Ujr ii'irfi*ui •■ ml by kDf 
mflvu Id b* Tfgmrtl^u *^ waMr> fw ibv H tnd O xn^ oit ibc tip]H*iif polia 
<rf iba mIw- ifna tVr fiwiJan of lbs uttimi w^uM b« hidm mrrfdlr 
Hpmwl bT 0,C«lt<0,ll In rbn r«i^ <if »Mpbjd«< «id 0,C'HH>,i|< m 
thai tf iinCMil, mil ibw fcinnulo^ « ill |rtrlt*|« bo prtfcrrW. nbfk «» 
jbiUl liAtv wim*lfil in HparilinB ibn nueiF(»>iMii frum iboi owmd 
MnDU villi grtmtn tvr^Blj 



I 




lEUCLCl;ft-niBOltY. ^H^p" ^ 

OfH'6:BfO», *r mom |ir«wly, iji O'nC'H'OJJ,— 30 boing a»[wd mi 
UiHi* thnt fatva nt llio culio wJ^ii'U (viii»;tt oiiTy fif 0- and H^ulnnif, miil 

btititf IpIictJ iipnii tbp) jn-W, (hi> ollk-r uu llii? C-|iulo. 

l'b« furu^LiIni \t\\vi<\ the Diint ntiil'Dclurj 4ipI«i]iitiniiA of many 
UwuiunitiUiiu ID die vtliirlcaF-wiwiv u tKv fijllo^itij; oHAuipLo wjJl 

Alnohol. Ky the ifcrliim nT 'iO, UcoiivorLod intu «mahji]a luiJ $H0; 
jtnil lliik inlLicbjik^ hy iho furUier mldUi<-n i>f 1?0, u ounvnrlfld inla •f*tlft 
■>»il. L'lir iiFil S Al^ U. tugfflliDt wUb Sll out if x\w ibroc Mtorni>l 
ll-Ator^ii, funit illO, iLv tluril nf tLrv laLr'fual Hfilomf it IrMntfiTmt 
Sfnnk III* tfuW-l^ho^ tu tJiLt O-alvm of Ujq iiiivJouiit ftJitl In ihli mnriTinr 
■MdIl}^'^ ia foriTioJ, If %0 uihk krv mJifi'J, lJi(*v ilii|fUJi(r ibamvlrr* on 
tun of tbc tubo-fiKtA, «oiut<Liu^' Di^Ev uf C ;vi]<i 11, wlailq tlig O^atnm 
MtwbcJ 14 tlio C-Dsiff U tnuifofeJ to llrt tbinl cu\iv-h«v and tliua 
Milieih'iEl w U-tmoc. 

«r*|H>r«io'1, 111)4 UiD Foit>!u4 w\\ tLritJ, n c^jrupmuTiHT ii irn, wLicIt nmv J^u 
dtOdCihl tfilliyr, ocfotding to Ljiurunl'i •^*lciii. mi t'H^K.O*, nr, »pnfirijH[: 

Lv|H>itM^|irailv ;iiiliV-lioii" ite'lc odiil). Ttn i 'ilji| ..uikil^ nt^Lirtlljii; l^j titv 

It nrpJnrcd Liy Lv ^fiilr ^rnkLvti'Mi of wnlcr; ^tliorau^tMorJiiitf toLflumnt't 
mbre rtccul BiftrL'ri]. uti tJic It olinki im tJtualod lu tli« nuclm/t, ptriif [f*r- 
K rubofmilKi hucIli]]*, Liikinj: tb<^ 1p1h«i i>f ih*^ H, ^ii>IJiii£ (C^H'K.i**),— 
If i1h< Eunnpiinui] C*JI'K,0* Ui i^uii riTiihirnl^il Ui Jryhov VfHj > ffHli 
porijci] of puuuJ^WutioDp 1UI itmrv vhkt u forn^Qcl ipr clLnEDutHi: tbn 
]hrUAb. Bniua^jtluK tu UIUJ4 iJiaik I Al, fvr L M. *-l At-vck m^M, ivmnirrH 
iiorrvclly uimllanMl- IIi'A Ii ii nuif thai (Jjd fiutuMiLEEu nui mplftoit I At 
lJ«ii4]ilnvl tlw 4>tbrr LlirrnT Tbii m^'uEnitity u uiplifj^jfHiwfann vi ndopt 
for «MiciA!iiL the fnrniula C^H'O.IK)'. OjlJj Elm n]>p H-4bam nliloh U 
KUorval lo ibu iinolo4«. «ii l>o rnpUroLL hy \tu\mt\i\m] tho 3 nEuinji 
irillitii ;lio Uiidvu* uiuuijt, Ai mtii potmIi, ro i» it likohiuv vt'wh iJm 
Mh<r nrultlliii i>xi(|rJ* cuiikivLithj^ *>' ^'^ *"'^ ^ i^foLnJ; Buil u* Trii]i ii[4liQ 
KiU* Bu it It villi iJh mi uf ibi' ututv JL-ljuiFa itiipEmWif 4(^jili- 

«l. An oppnijio rvialinu in ftppin^nr in Uio ^iit^oLi nf fhlnrjnr nn acciLJa 
aniiL Fm, uihUt <vrtiln rircmmtpnrr*. *i At, CI jin^l C'*JI*d' form 3 Al, 
ItCt, kiitl djlfifacoLJv [|j.'iil — OlICi'O^ llLrii4 Ati>iiiA of pMuriifi? kJikini; 
1^ ptiA uf Uu3 ttiJ'iH: UviIjukcii iit<*iii>i iaIj it'll nn.' iHinv^.-rLuit lul't KCl | tliii 
iblonoatii: adJ tliii* {'>nt\f'\ \* riuL jilrunij Ly tiPiiuu't wilEi □ Jur/nr 

riDlily of WJoriiLK' IiJ ilii> o-f. IF in utivifjEiN lliHl iLn }l-xlata wliitli 
rff|itH<Wfl<r Iiy o iii'^lfl'l, mnioiiiA nii;klc<irfd; fur llip <i1iluni<vL^ii ofiiil, 
«l»ea nDiiLni]i£i<4 iviili |ii>Uvili tij^d ^r^i-amtoilp ^ii.'ldt C*CI'KO\ wiili 
VMiiilJob fif I At HO. h>-ijijii 1^1'^>nK«Ul? aajd la C<'i>0,liU^ uud 
chlotvauu (if Lwn^lt u C'CPO.KO' 

Thia diffVroFicn of mim[>(>tLii]eiii k.'iHvi;'ii ilia dud il^tum Aud ifiu 
olbvr thFri> ■■ cil'l4kiii4«iL livllkrir ililTiiTnnL a'juuy<iETLf iiL, "J lioonif cAtoriiut 
eUuiq ivliieli «un w rtjiliici.'^ I'y ii iiMtLiil, (uiiHit^^ «iiLy llio OAtoiii of ilio 
aodoBA^ Ai>4 »h*fn il cuinlniii'* w*iJi llio niyj^jtik "f n miirbllKi uiiiifl nitd 
c«ic«pc« to Ihc form uf iriiivr, iLa malftt iLtovlLv* iLiii^lf to (lid C'htaiii of 
ihc tiudtiif^ 

TOl. HI. D 



u 



COWSTITUTIOS OF OFLQiMC COtfP0V!«III. 



N«r«tiv«r &a eonn^ucnoe of Ibe Tcry doao prbJiiUDiij *Md^ « 
bntwtfiiii Ibd t'ltapio ■ivma uf uk dvnud^ eonopouad, it \m prDbaUd OaC 
thfl mriill t* ili'lnrtniiK^I. uiL cdljr by lh> niuiLy nf llnf iLl<tui> lyiBf 
muidiMaJj tagvthtft km *UOi thmgh in k ha dtifnv, ^y U41 of 1^ 
moi<t diaUuil almiui ud thtraforst in tbo prswat ahf, naC i^nlf Inr llwi 
■fltailv "i iiiB &*ijiiiu 10 tliu uuck<at fur lL« hydro^u «n ibo odv kUt^ 
miij ilin iimUl 4»]t ihv Dtlmr. Imli nlKt liy tLtit vf tfjit iiiueu iFliIsdI 
md II in tbo UDoltWB mml Lh" Oiwu i)-nlDiiiii vilvniid tu iL 

Id All flus ^D vhicl) II ino(&Jt]i? mi^lv Torfiu with UHtio MdJ, |b*«MB- 
liLiund C*!I*Ml>^ Ebd »:Li>ij beiii^- hUfUilod ffllfa aepu^tioQ of WtttWr* «« 
ipuj' iiuhfiuc ibul lLut kHiiLrrv of ib^' H fi*r tbft «f Ifao uolallia okU* 

n^Ti# Ifaa «l«niftl >10» nf H,) ntfj-U upon tbi> rpt-U\ ihraii^-h thv 
]it4i']iLiEii uf lEnr myifvo-fluiomji of Ibe uaulcu*. jffiid (bo klQDil^ of haM for 
Ulv Ho, Eiiuihiif Id furm tnfunir *jtb rl [iii tiulD of bv^tl buiiiif iHM f lTj)^ 
!■ iftnlVT thu ih* BBSiDEy of ilm mclal for tJna nivvnn f-'K' lli« alKivrH 
uniioniil AfflaiBy of tbe CH^O^U* tor the IL 'iiimibfij', with oOif* 
u^Jl Tblt atfArbllnn of Wktof (lo«f dot Itkn |J*o« wlA ev^ry tdiil ud 
evnr^r niHuJIiu ukmIp, lu nuiy m«4 nvL i:voii bl lIib tlruU|;«it km* 
Mtila-Uio noiilB* api^ai la Ihi uokblfi it vl 011 iW tbnw H'kt.uni of |Jl« 
aucliuj^ li«4iitua ihmt ntnoM h» iiiimE>dEiit«ly «nr»Ei]Ld*c| bj olAod* 
alODU^ ^rbiab prob^bljr hurt qdooIi Ipm ftfhmty fur mntala iJjAa Av 

Op tliu uihn bkQil. ablorlaedoM nut KOt it|v>fL iho H-Htuni DTVnil lo 
tbn nqi'lnu*^ Wuum tbii offi^lwinrTaif O^atc^m b^a % nrj *trong%fBtihf 
Fnr ib4« Jf, tfiJ T<ry iHtl* fot iKp cf; « irmro piwiIt; i\vn Mnitrtt 
OII'O.D'h u k uU at tha O'l-oTo nf iht- nucleup, for H. If ffTHCor Uiv 
ttic affiTiif r it( the lama b> ono Blum ai 'Ailnnva > tbft A-ffinilv of anolfetf 
■turn rif cbToriuc for itiv H, But Ibd eUvmiciil rt^lmi'mi of ih* t-htaridm 
p{ aAnta, aht/w Ibjtt (bfi ■(Hnilr rif rhioriiii* for r&rbnn 'in Mntatr^fal 
mA9tmb]vi boon U w pcwiihlo ib&t tbo itaTilty of 3 At CI for IH 
tho nnelHi ^/h tho ifflnilF of 3 otlior At. f;J Tot ibo r-*(oDu pif 
iiiidDa> H;f oTflWome Ibe Bmnitv of 3H for iho lillrr, 

4. Wb«i eblcrine moTvrti *la>bDl OIPDJPO btit nMnnl, C4t 
B CK"1'O,H0h two >tnmii of nbW'iirt rtixt ati-lmr^l T At, II Pttol»l fO 
(ba DuoWa itnd Invo aUnli^tk^ f>ll*i~Vlfrt (tbr iMnI cii^mal «tftt*«f 
hvilrvfCap being it th* ume liniu innsfcrml fi-oui the cuti«-*arh«« 
tui O^toin of lb« DudtBa, !a tbervli/ witbilnwii from thip ittHuann 
tlrfi^lilLitiniik; tfritwunU 9 mo'v iktomi i>f ohliirinit nbufmrl :LH fnmi 1 
nurloii', Ai^il 3 "ibftr tt-lnmn of fbt^rino trXf< fbokr nlm^Ci Tbo p 
tbi» oblKlnod i» ffilr.nl = C}\Vy'V' = C'i:\H.\tW. »d wbicb, lb 
M in oblunuHtic iLP^Jj, il't> H^uEidLirv itnckuv ClI'O ja ronra 

eCl*0- U>4]iJrf^»-/'^l7n ILI. ^7«|^Vfui (nalil'hyjBBDjl^lfiTldt 
roTii>u1irOHH.VUl An.1 CCl'O.HO; Um U Pff^M* the 110 v 
lutuhMy finn«t: nfaoitw lb idv rlew. tfao H of (he Hl> U mpioaaJ 
bv tiiuitoJ M tbft O-mLo, and ibo O al Iha C-poti of tlia auelattiL 

A. Alnhnl bosM wilk vxcOH of oil of Tiuiol i* naolTn! Into lllO, 
ud ftMut jfu a CH*, la Ibi* cues l^> prnllvpnatDc ^itaitj 
Mipbutifl afrld foF lh« «rMer (9u«n ilie 0-«l']id in (br n<Klnt 
O^tom tTlanil lo I1 10 unHa with 3H to form wnior. vhitH iba 
nl^rrd] hlofu of H UhM tbn pUofl of iba viigbf 0«l4in of ibo anclfiut 
■1x1 ibiu rtpndttOM Iba priiui; aurlnu: 

c>iiv>.ii-o-c>ButBa 



olfetf 
IH 4 




NUCLErS-lIieOUT* 



t« 



'i»b t ROAllDf fnianiity of oil pi yilrlc^lj ihc pntJaoU *ro crliof ihhI 

' 1 At. y^UrT = {C'W0.H')'^UO. lu Lhb fWU. unlj 10 hikI IH 

iiJ tn tliK nnfilmLrf nnniNmr m fi^nn i»,Lliir, uml^H rvirLJiiii trithniit iL 

ft, Wtoii chlorino mIi iipt-u lliii ptW t=C*H'0,HH, ihdfo are pro- 

ind' flnl, lUir (4iu|KiUEiil CII^O.IEC] {tlio U g«]Di| to tlitr O^jr^lsv ibo 

'CT tv lUu C-i»uU*J; jii-(iJ"iU_v,C*II'0,Cl'(iWuhooiii>riiiluic f li vdniifvu 

At Ehii 0-pnln lA ill Ilii4 rA'i- iLt>'lnirriiil ^j_v H, wIleI^i llm ntmii Jnni nut 
teko pUn in ncctif acid, iriity, pi?rh[i|>a. I'p mjiloinpil ^t \ha rcnt^vro^ 
tlOD, ItiBt in iLu Ektlvr. ibura iLru S O-ciLUui* Uj i^oak^u iLe Jittnu-Uun of 
C Aud 11 in lb*! miRliEiiv fur Ltiu CI lAtiii^h tiKiki Lu pinion iLai-lf itt Cbit 
h)i and lutlj, C*CL*0»C1', iHu :lH iti Llitr uui^luuq Uila£ liki>wi>v 
~ fay fiUorins. 
T' Strung hydroctdotio uSd Iiiruial wliL idoubul Tonai b^diocbloria 

t»ii'UfU'a- LIU - L'Mi'n.ini * zito. 

tlH_Ut«nLiLl l>«tom naUta vjib aq eil^mul ll-atou. and 1I14 
■ha uuak'iEi wrl}i iLu II 4jf tLu b^nfrLV'tifurti! luid tu ^m SifO, 

Cl Uk<* UlO ftoUO irf till! O-ElIoUL ill iW tJUd^iLIH. 

S. Finjilly, la fiiDAidvr pnii (if tlin mtrnt dompUrnTrd r.uH, thr farmji- 
tion rtf a onti pound tf.bur AWh"1 and iivEto >riJ furin 't At, water »Cid 
I At- ittio btfiL^r, lliu diMHjmiruDiCiou^noourdiug tv llic Dinpiricnl fonuulv, 
aklDf pLuco ai fullovt; 

Han wp miiat RLipj^itw t^ml thK carbDn-polci of ih^ alcobol fir^t Jtpproanhu 
iL* bjtyf ov^pnlo 1-f [liu u«<tJp uQid^ f« tl»i ihii rifminr nuiiji i;i\ii up tlin 
eHflrtniTO btuin iJifrc ditnulvd Eu tijt citvniiil \l riUnu on thu 0'|in|(? uf 
UiOMCtrfi *4.'id; in thit nokt pluru. ihu ufi:i>b4>l (mil lucfic ucid^u ouhfl- 
fmot uf th* <]|M lifinj^ tuniiid iniVMrd^ u tiiLD'f»o« of tin* ulb4ir^inuiil 
Inn tonikd in suvh a iiinnni^r, tliot ihv C-jioli^ nf rii<- alKnkul BDit Ilia 
O'pnla of tbo lU^utir ueiil iriu^ inuvo swaj frara ono ojiuIJkt, nrid lh«^ 
it pola i>r tliu olfaliol i^tid iLa C-pulu of (Fiv uruliv iLcid itpj>r«ifli eiiio 
ATifrlW, In ibU muvflinnnt, <>iiai>( tbd iUna exi^ruo-l II-aEi'Jiin nuirniind' 
iii^ ihii O-iHilr nf lhii ulnrlLip], fNinjxu JTi Cimisnl wil.k 41111^ i>f llm i?il4.trn4j 
0-%tiittM 'urmiindliiif Iktf L'-pulc v( ihr nri'Hp iiviil, tlnvpj iitmn^ unite iu 
tk<< foFifi uf n K<i?oi]i1 &i<iii] uf w:Llcr, rui'l ul' t'lriiiifialrd ; and ilic cubv- 
Iw* uf ikii druhi*] tbtftuby "i|>u»od ulLiLcbui iiwlf io ihc kiuinlUbrmuJj- 
«X|>M*d tTiiWfiini nf Oio jic^^Ilc noul, »iid in Lbi» citaniinr ] At- o^^fio 
ttbfr H priiduH«l, Hvum ibii cjir"i}»onud, Ik'Iii(; funnel hy Ike Juitit- 
rorittoai i4 (wo ciibH, kiA tha k-rf\ ••' > -y, "■■ phim. On eww oJ eIjh 
«ppOa(M futvtml i>djE*« of tbiA pn-.H 'li< :. .ui iilml{id in jLtimwuluii. 
titpfMiaiii^ lk« witi^ aoiii [0 bi? 41 J I. '' |'. (^lil'll; nil tku tbinl: OVJlC-f 
on ihr fourr.b. Il00<.'. Ou Ibt^ lu 1 ■ i^' , buw^Trr, r.ficK nro hkenLflD 
IwT* eiitma] O-aiuui" iieloiiglai;^ tu (!>" amkIo acid, al Tbo lop, ud iwo 
eiUmil tl-iLtnint, bnlfjii^ini^ if ike lvIcoIloI, %i tlat bottuoi, lu ih-xt tki^ 

«dgo MlibiU dm futlottjiig 4riiiQfr«[iioui ^ ll.C)U|fC {Uio aloiui Jl«r* 

flMtd aa ibri lof^ ar« nrp|>ua«d la bo utnaliy u top]. Tka Eurnmh ii 



Ac«lifl •ibet oottoini tbottfcTO ui *lcob<»l-rMldQo = CH'0,H* entfiblnod 

D 3 



co:<5TrTuTio?( o? oimatiic comtoi'sds. 




AMlii- Dirwr, tliu alcoliul ami tlio a»tie»iU ^mllk lom lllO.bitl in tuali a 
iiiniiiLrr tbikt lO of tli(^ utcoM euuibiuui irlih til nf l1iu uftla vi^ 
qnJ IK of ihip :ik'ihal with lO of tfio awiia u-alil tu form i A<|, Ti»i« 

nlrohol'tlUliiULPt JLllhllll^ll Jl llU lll« 141114 COmpD'Ul^kll B»Clh?T» JflT]4fV0f- 
itLf-k'-" FiOt )ili>MiCv] (Thill iIliI. ^H^ritjpnijiidr l^i llii> qJ^4>]]u1-IV'L<[4U ot tW 
in'f-LJj.* ^'[^l'^ lliL' (w*H iiituriiat II-ei(4jiu4 an.- niluatj-il on In^j CLib^iAM ti 
tZic] t' [.if|i>; Ju i?lfi(.-r» unn nf rlic^ hV'iii. i^f IivJj^u^cd ii [P^nnvil nl llio 
O-ftJifr, til" ot\ior ;^t tlinC-palq^,'— AaiIIcieIiet, wloii EHCLto^l ^vk()> o^iirHni** 
pvlhU'^ii of p(«1h«li, Jn jii^hiiirntUHl iril4» ii-k<j!i"E 3iiJ ncdUlo uT juiU^k 
lli>r« *vi> may aujijkicc, Omt ilio K fm«i ihij KO .il.tn.i^lini iuulf niWfOiII/ 

tlic C-pi>f« oC tlkfl uifuJiui tcaiituu. ifJLii-Ji it Eliercity oriiiirud tnlv 
C'll'Oili'O, rimrvoviij. ilijil llniic (w4» proJurt** ^liicli lnvp ni> «l»nlo 
f-iHli>iLrM, iJfTNiiiprai* I [III, iW O "I vliidi in tjuuloyoj in rciiijilctriif 
lliv fiiniinriitii Fif aj'iMnm rtf ]t4tla*lL rHI'DJCfV, nnJ tlia H ill cviniifoliPff 

iiir fuririiir;i.h<.r tiiu iLkrit'o], r>ll*o.ir(J 

a. OiAlir kfiil Jfii-dil 100' -(.-MEO^ ai Lliut coniiilPTp], it t* >n«iin' 
ln*ir, aj.a fijfiu- with I Al TKO. CTI-U' and I A^- U 11117, ti^"?**'. 
|hi iiii^rilii(l in liiljifin, Jl hi»|i|iitJ'Uii>u |»rul>i>}'lLi fcjF Pi^v'iml wiMatii ^ and 
llion iu iLtnnLii iroi^hi ttuni lip ilmililol' 'I'Jin rj'iijlo fitnimZn will iL«i 
to C'J^H''. AcooMintf 10 tbo ktf^r view, u litotriw hc1ab|>i w ibr 
(*Uivlmir:-jii-rpr<3, oi.'iqitiu;; tliiLt iU icaanilLLry uuoldua coiIaIiU DTily of C 
tuiA O. It lEiqy llh'ii barDi(iirii)JiwC'0\ll'0'. Tlio «Csffl qailftl villi 
lh|i 4O mio Jv fiklm: Chif fi Al, H IwiDj; priiluiMy hiliiikbHl a» Iwn of lliA 
oppMiri^ ffipoi nf lliit i'lliff. anil If* nn tJip nfW ft-nr liilr*. If iXiO 
firntt in «tiula^t wUli |lit« uiiuipnaiitl Morn, [be H of ono CdW-Ebh ii 
mtTBc^-'J by iNiL, hirli furuu^LiMu of fr^Vnt, mwX ik-aviii Alt it |<rvdun<l, 
h'JiLi^lp, ufdT Jrjinif iL II JiUmiif liidil, Iih'i, niwutOtnjf U* Uiu liinjiry tbLMjy. 
Ibu iiuiri|i<ii.iE[cin N»O,C^HH0.C*tH or NaO,HO,CH)', ur, twi«iriiii|f t* 
L;li]Itei1, r*llN~aO^O\ jinrl, jit«nrjmjc (■> Ihc tjcir li<irg iJ*tp1d|j«iJ, 4»wI 
hw wnttcri ID tiip fr>ri[> L'^O'^ELVaO*, ^^Lion jNaO 0Dm«4 Id atatUM 
vHli tliooulJcuM. tiflli itiD AUiiiia uf hjitrL-ifi-ii ■itujitpud on lliDUppoaM 
fuM-* «r (liD tubo si« ri?pt;icvil bj Na, *nJ llin nunli*! lUt la fonncJ, 
TiliirU, aumrJintf t." itit> biimcy U-ooiy. i> Niifl^C^* i>r iSin.C^/; 
Kcar-linf to ldar«ht> <^^'t'i) .0*; vecordirc; lo lb* \ntw now uml*' 
CfU'i J(r4i Ion. OO'.Nh'O'.^OuLLo ncil nidi :f At. aTcotuf rum* culb 
Ollior imJ I Al. 110: 

»CC-H»0fl«0j . C-CH.H'O'- (110 * tStf^n-O,!!') rC^MJtJ, 

The pvcm £«tibniir Ia (bal wMcti uI^m pWd in iTio famutiofk of mMI' 
aLfin: 1 Al ilcuhol Iniijifrrfi LI10 ^mm litoAip-l ui '%** C |M>t«i •« lfc« 
]l-«loili Dii I'lir <}f llwi ^Ljlip fnft^ uf (lie uialiL' luii]; thi^a, *i tluS ntidciU 
Urn* ro>jiiii. 1 If aiuui vf ihi: |lir«< wbicli ^n^ Jiiiunlrd niind ifioO'poJa 
Im trviaTarrvi ta mn O'litoiti on il ireojut euhfhioo t>f thr- anjUia hm; 
wbilfl 1I10 riibfrfjKA «f tbiii 4uljiijum fMini wbiolj ihi> if li«4 I«vq 
(iHalfvcLviL •ttarbpt ilvi'lf lo % ruW-fiu^^ of llii> klmliul; niid <inflUr1v 
nirh ck •»*n<l Qii>iqof ■Isabv). Id <]■'■ Nikuntr, * •qiuro p^'>i" ■' fcnnM. 
fflnpoHit of ihnt eift««»llw oiialiu leiU briiijc ia Ebi>iiiid4tB^ |*D«xtaR«l 
]t>«iionu tr« vlUibliQd U> null of ihn(wt>iUn>lii>| r»iiIuoii,aiidliia 

LM*vn'i /'iifra*' UT J/«tjf/*nrwnrtini^lud(flB«ino&jEollior 



I 



i 



I 




MUCLEliB-TllEOm-. 



57 



ndd Cii^CJ'. 1u lliii nfs **'! mpkViiiij'[>fi"D lliAi ntpllkvlcoc 1ia4 iIjo lUnpfl 

Vof n *'|uam uiMo^ ilm fi^nr ^'itniiri* of wlikU nre formed of a t-aiLiui nuj 

)mii H-«li»iii nhcmntply. In uiortL^ii^ Iwq mom atcmi* of H »rif i*l[iirii»ri 

L|o (he Ddcttut, nibUut; OH\lV , iif iIi*m< VII, »!»* Jm atUolivil Ln tM 

JQppcr. Ibo DEbor tcj lUn Lnwiir mLrrru^i^ nf iIlq ^riuiirii mMr ; nml If llm 

l%iire Inr hi j>|]m.'oi1 lint inm of llip C-*t5Trt iEiaII be uliovc (ItJtl (Lo wthet 

jbiilav. ibo 4H will Ir^ ampifcd liutiBuijUlty T'l^nd IUp nnEtjE uf cuuliit^l uT 

Ho SfC- « llifti an otMic.tma will Lp f<innr<1. M^iUjlm riliri'. CHO.Il*, 

fti tor itii hiLuikJjLFy mti^Wuv m miinirn inhio finniicd 'if U C-tHttat, I 

l-»toni, Binl 1 O iiraiii prnrrU n|ipoirto tn Ibo f Untom, unci hrivbj dIiq 

At- H EiLtinrii-H In ibc miilJIo of ^1j ii|«|fFr aii^E tiikJvr lUrfiii^ii; ibo tiLmi* 

itmition, (licrtftifLf, :n fir riiiirjli-i^m, Wmnl-pitil = CUti.JVO.hn/t 

RmIoiili m iiiLaliyUu rlUi^r. iitrMjitlitj* Out nnc aiiilitirFnii) n-rLtnni ja 

kd lo llii» H.:ttntii lit tbi< EiiirEnni', ;>.nfi oflO ll»«I«|n T4 ibo 0-ritoro of 

Uta Dudvnt. rnmiji nr^il 14 C'M<J,IEO*, nnd iliArfifDro cduIqeui tba uihd 

H'fimil»y nodciu^ CllU; ill (.luttJiii it fJiu'i'd [ilmvi" imd U'luw nt tint 

mJiidJo uf llio icjuai'ir tublii, ulnii t O aCfiiii vr^lh flip H-iilriiit v{ tlic 

nucffm^ ixtiil 1 H-ulniu witb llLrLir-aijjinuf ibcTiud^Uf. KcDro ii ipfcam 

lliiit wixHl'Tfiiiit nn^l (^iwrnlc i\^id liitvn i*iaoi'iy tLo laino itrduLULc, cufiQ- 

tjiDnJinLf riftomftlly u> au uulc ■<^iijiK''biiimd'fpr[i>bi>ilriPrip uMt?ii(JJi^ (liKb 

i» <vonii'i|iirlt lliy Iqutf of iLu ligi>ru ■> funntrd f>f !J('' uml Sili kuil in 

funulo HL-ii^ uf ^C qiid UCI ; jml 3h (p. ^^"3) T.bn iiriintut-o of nu udnri of 

felmliul !■ 'iiuihir to tbat nf iiii nlntii of ncotii? acl'l. XVIjtu iiiJinin uiJ = 

CHO^IIO' iq pijLVfii^iHit ly J'bU iniu IID uuJ r<-riijlaLi> of lcnd = 

^llOiPbO-^ Mil nt'tm uf Pb m ilitnnlu'.-vii tuUi llia i^ai-*t uf lliD irnlonj 

■HaeUBJ tu ttic OniniiL {»f ibe niLoUu*. 

ThftH OKncniilri Ea1i«D fro^n iLo cElijInoo- nii<I iUf iiiprbvTcao- ii^rJ^A 
OiJiy BiifltvC. for Uiu |prc>i.'irL» lu give u gi'iiuml iikiL uf llic >m'*v uliii'b I 
miertmin of tb<' roimtLtuliLm iif uripiair ciimiHJimdk, Willi u (m (i>ci't>- 
Ims it JafiHiiiliiiMy iUi> m^ho ra Likur7<iit'> iioiloDA'thT-^ty, npJ nny io 
tV|nv<lt<1 n* B furtlitf citciiiloi) feinl oonflriDatJoit nf dial liii>nry by an 
iiivp>4igutiuu uf tbo tcWiv |irjfrUiuiiA uf ilia cTu miliary iili-mA» K\i-u it 
tho cTnui of iIiIji mrniil^iLuii uri" Jrfn^tWL* <jr orrcuieoUA, 1 am ycti-oV' 
tinnd, thht ml! tH^firk* cin tho c^ni-Litiitlfin cF nrj[i]U(r nmipumidii. uud 
all o»ntivvpnir« a* li* llii^i nr Omt iiJodn d \srhir|f mtlnnnl roniiuLi'. if 
Dol 4ij]>|iuni>l li> Lb plllU^II«!o cirrjiii^pniout uf t1>« umiijiDUQif tUiJUj wiJJ 
aid a» biiE liiEtd ill liia iin^ut^iiiMii vf forn-'^l mIiA". Lonk. fnr inHlaiKv, 
■t tk«i cpntrovflray rtjfiijctinjj ttirj muliEutivEi uf cElicc &n>l i-lc^fliul 
b«|*iMq PuiDAA aii^l Itnntlny oJi iho fiO« ninla, *iid Bcrxplitii Kid Licbj^;. 
<i1i llio tiJior Arvtiri^Tfj^f In llio fLinnitr^ ptliT ■> 11 rDiuiJuuiLil iJ clbi<riaQ 
wULi wii(iT=Cn*,Ar[. iLud jili?'>hid=I.VJl',lAi|. i ■nrnHidf In tlm UUiir, 
l)l<r hvi"»*bt;Eii:iil radical. ethyl=tyt\\ funm »itb l^ llio i-iulo nf flbyl^ 
•Ihpt'j and ibix, n iUi tJic aiUUuuu of 1 At, Hutir, luiiut llio bylrtlpil 
OSiJr<-f «tL}i|=nlrolii*l=C'li*0+A4, Kuw,*m coujpRriiijj lire'* rif^t 
miL tbc tK|'lau4ilt4jii ;^ivoii <in yign ^2, U appMriri pjidjiibln iliut ocftlicr 
of ibmi M riulil- Al ilJ woiile, n«ilher rilii^r ^inr nlrttbnf an bv JUp- 
portd to ctmtain waiter fc-aJy furiiicd- (li^y nr* not liydraEiw; if ki, ttmy 
wnoM iflfrly i^i'C np lIim wjiEur lu burul ltFit4> ot bnryin, wfilcb, ImffrvM-, 
baollb« P«o, Nffirbrr i* cMn'i' coh^urt^^! JnEu ■IrubuE byjohiriiJii lu 
■rator. Ou Ihe uti.cf l.und^ kIivI <* » iidrtiinn cnmpiiLnd (*r(i p, I:;)h 
Mi|iiriHed Icr cvmbjpe lilo a euFTelL Wtlh Aiy;r4.'ii vifl \»ilh rlilnniii-, (\^nji- 
ibg CDDipnoadfl odalogniui la Ih^ 1i]er»lltf CXtdu tud ctilorjdci. Tiin? 



33 



muMATtoK 0*^ omaK!C compounds 



hT<iR>cy'}T|c f»thar=C'H-CI (=C^lt'CUI'' G».) la N^iHod M lUwUl 
i-if vlbjrL; bat h dom not finniiiiUI* BtIvgt-iDlutUiaj> ^ 






Thli |i*«oH Uku fiftw phielly In livkn; plinth. Vwiftblei «lib»- 
Hkf* tha ^ntnr pATi t>r ilin iFg^Dic eampontM of ifhicb tbaj wa*i*t 
frum th" ihnrfTnni^^ nuLli^KiLlA jni-i"nt'^ to Ehi-m ; aliinfl^ frAU wii*f, 
i^rhnnin oriH unil nrtiiTmiiiih. In ilir ^nii pnrlii nf pUnM* ■liirtD|f lli« 
prciPDCo '>/ iJiftit, doHlDpmk'iOD t.4 nrWlr -koiH, [kii<|, rit n orruJD txttbt 
4l*u» ot vmlfir, II coniliuitlr p>in£ ^'u < aD'I wbilv lb« «Lo3r vr b purl «f 
Urn OTj|:nn in gWnn bff In ihn form of jjM ihn mnBiuing [fnttion tfotw 
inin ■» nijfhiiiri Akhipnnqil 

f-Cll'O*), 4Ai. CO' BTi.l SHO hn nwain-l; 4C0' + SH&=C'!I»0"; 

iLri'l ulii'ii :^0 nra i:vi>],v4hL thuni rnmiurii C'lrO'^oxiUio Held. For tb* 
fiiniiiLUuit »r tiimiEriitii i-iii^t (fuyptmi'a^ llmt ■^oinrHmpd = 0*^11*0*]^ 
3«C'0^]uii| t*}HO ]k» rai[iiEivil: if tbt- i^CO* L-ivo «rj ilirir oTTgva, tk 
4J<0. tliHv rnni«iti 3IC. *^bii?h, fn a irannfr not yH nfikiaM, nniUpt 
«&thth« fvK aD<1 710 rtf t1ii!< ISlfO to torm taa^t. la otlicr m«^ 
oijjrra feppHLn i& »ip jTivofl ufl' /n'lH w*lxir im wpII m tnm mrhimk »fjd. 
Tbu^ JOCO' iLud l*H(>, vUc^E] 4b<»v giT" fiff mil »K<nf *tT(jfln. jythl toC 
«nd Idlfn whicb LurilAauEl fnnn c>il of liirpeiiliis«.>^Tti e^ipc *b DUmpT* 
el Thv mknn^r in wbifib «il niotJHil bnJy mnj be mDmiH |a Thi fcnn*^ 
ih A pUiit, vf< vlll >Dnmih\ nitli Ma]J<<r, tlibt pri>lntn = C*|f*N*0'*, b 
tktl «*r, 40CO', IGlio, auil .1 iLitiniaEiM. wrU be n^nitnd l« frtriD h,tt4 
from ihcK ccnnpaundi K4O miM br KpHnliMl : 

40C0». l6llO-WiU'-M0 =e-ll»N'0". 

NtroMrout tnimfiirmnti^mt tA <tnr> f.be'nlc*! ^ibfiouiiil ibla uocbrt 

j|/f Ii bnl n^y ■!■]• (o proilmw anruntr nan^naiU ftruu inffiyisB 
BtitfriiiU. bqt u cumpaUnl lo tnuwfDnn % fivta oiyiBk eaapamjd iM» n 
;f«i1 **n«l* nf vlk^iiL. 

Tbn fi)t|n«r^ u« «nHpdM of g» anidttnl pn.lurtlini of «tMtr 

Onnpoqiinld tniS m«|ulc ■llMTl*]^ 

L, Aktii^ujjl iLjii-ic Ddihl M gfiwriU]^ pindaMid br Lbfi ifosf of uali»«l 
offrnjiir boiLiu, uid jtiuuipnJH bj ihtir doos/ vr daitraKiTv duMitlftlioB, 
bflUi thtm uUftuoM m^y nfr^rihAmu b« fomtd ij prvasx parrf* 



1 
I 



FROM INl>fiGA5IC UATTMALS. 



SQ 



UiM wMkt Id thr sftinn cf (he elvcUJi rpark, w-]iiE« ^Undliif* vrvr 

IfnjjLErU {tl„415]. If Uiia uh TiQ ilivu E^EriLvnrtoJ intu 4J'4miiii>iiiwi, 

tlia Imllot lotiiiLtUlv miieil VLtli litibjik-Ii^HJ lUi'I limn nr niiHo of ImJ, 

'ftnd (l)'' mtituiT hf4i[iMl hi n riiEitrt>- "r. if a mutuiv rif nnimohijual ^-u 

*%i-\ ff^th"n^f tiimL^ hi< ftirmi-il ilintiiyki w rvil-tu4 Eudv, ^v.. fij/ftrtKjfnMe 

\'^ tntni'.'mfi j4i*ci Uvi^r, uitJ iL^* livJiuivsmic tKid, »!»ii:li in thr fif*t 

TOripmu^ isunpimiiii Jbna fottniT^l, iiiiiv nflocw-»tiin Ijh rituvnUi-i] into flftvonJ 

OtliTt. TliU*. ihf KtilmiE'vnnnlo nf Hmiaiikuin^ iti^hllpn^ iritli iltlilU nA- 

phii'ir itfiH, "ill yiriM n-fn-iun hK/-it-fii\yiii\U.- rtr"/=IH^-X; uik i«1uzilLepc 

CLl* i?omp4aE]il vltli mcicurio titjiic, cryiUlkinufT br VTnifunitiE^], htd 

btta fti|noi>n- mnnmiii^ \iy vliJ^Jt i( m ■■kii!D4t[hiiliL/ a^i^urWil^ vc u^LWrnp 
^Hmso^1lflr pr«r4irot«, oju/^f «»</ ^CH'O", mJ Hmi«OH*f^U'- Th* 

TVHilrtd iDln jLDiniciiiiii and i^nnv oni/sC'H'O^ rio'iJot |]im<« Ofm- 
poUDfiik lliom m^y Iki ffinn«| from Tbc Jiy^imoynDin Odd, puncyRito^^n, 
Cnfuiark uM, lu^iibupynnof^n, malLan, bad v^oiu olL« or^i>nit o^m' 

3. TTic «f bun in o<mi inn ykcM* or^nic COT^oiujila irboa lh» <Mt 
If ln*te«] iu TuiouB wit^ii. 

«, Whtn C44l Inn li ^ki«>^tT«d in <Uhli> vnlnliurfa «r IjjdvovUoil* 

,-idt K fuUit /^EMi ]■ avulvuU, \\iv iiJiiuf of wliLcli li -luo to thfl TtpOOf tir ft 

Lf44 fmm thri wikt^r in ibd noremf ffiaf'. itpiviiri tr* cutibinii im%i] 
aaibcin Kpii(>i;«<l from \htt cut imii, Uf fnrtn ihia «1, Thr vhpoinr fiT 
MaiA uil kp|wu<n blto lo tic miccd wjtii iho offeonTv, viiDfiiVTCDUfetEfi, 
|*-Hiii'[iiT]|r liyAivfiiMi ^iu wbit^li KH>liri*r {Kiitln. Arr/i. f, ?S]i| ubTbiiiihi 
BHviUff rrt|>&iir of imtuf avui KbHL-jnpn riiiilii (ijhivioiibIj- flofUnuJ tjr 
lltJOO InlwHU rorrio OJiJda) limtwJ i>^ rndiinB in ii KunOnrrnl, 
^ Wbon oul irou ia thut dk»lTQil id nalpburi? or bjdrocliloric ooi^t, 
.MiMiia ii hf\. irliif:li, bvidvi grmpbrt^. ■.'ijotftiti* ft lkrr>«i>) nii>a1d-lik4 
in, aululda iit |wUv<1l (?,, ^10, ill). A Biiiiilkr muutd-likv iiib- 
fCasva h l*di ah d^unlvmif rjut ii-iiii mi mUin laid orujok'TWii (V-, tltl}. 
Flft of llil* nilufitncf pnuAi inTii r'»bitJ4>i] xrllh t[i« furlo tajil#; ra tbrourm' 
I. UnLhi^r viIIj Uvd Okrdr, r>D tli« ikliliLtoi) nf VArnonk; vtH iiiby b« 
iiMplTcu dill fma thii |jr«t|MUi1ja }jir tiiulinj; valor or aqiii«iu potuh, 

hdA, '1. D, t-f ^39 ) In lli^ forniAlLnn nf tliU mriEild-likft iih^Unr^. ill* 
lOfi «fl|«nl0t Ld tli<< iiV4.^Mi1 <lfLlT> liy t1ii.< rolutian of lb« imn, afi|Hkart 
HOito with H *Dd O darivcil froiii llio wiLlnr. 

c Wh»n ibit illoyof I pt. iJjitinum unl 100 tlrdl rVI , 3.1fl) iit di»- 
Ib Jfluto luliih&rio odLiI, and iIk- th'oEuLIci ruiduv. cunliiDirs 
IB, iron, oulirrD tnd bydrwun, !■■ li* <l< I, i!>nm n>i[iiimii Ji binokiw 
Eititetm *D ^onrfrr vtJiablfl In (hi> U' I'l . Iljn^. o/It hpint; wn^hnl oii<1 
kJHl, dntotiktn ■hjEd^ly iiud with * f^Url ti^ljt «1 i^i>ut 300', iiii>l. n^ tho 
gnJohllif rijiOM. dooniopri» trjthimt fitrttiiT dk^toantjoa, Tha HuiU 
lAOm dwilifi'd in a'lUt rPftin yir-UU \ "tftj Ijvivu (juantily af pliLLiuiiin 
id % inutil 4ji]Kntttv of iruii. ( Kutikdny ■ml SCmlqrl, Jra. C^Ai'", /*Ajr« 
>1, ?S,) lb tiin ffnduotioB of thia pUfTivnifnofi, ihorr in doabllo* m 
Ol^uiH oonipoiiiiil coDOcmndi firohnblj «oii[«iiiing liypiiaitric w:id, ((^ni.) 



40 



TORMiTlOn OT OnrlASIC COWfOOIW 



0. Wiiwn tlio KEifiiiulniji foiiipcuiTirl CSCJ'O*, cTwnrpiwI l^ Hftrwlim 
■nd RiuiKt, iviiil inMirui^:! L^ rho kutiuu or otiforioa adiI wtJvt vn biml- 



till* mih hiVi in ihw unDombJiwil tUl*, ilin fr> 



Ji 



Tfad luM irf 
CNICH^SO'. Now thi> 

iLnHinEiJ' fnij- li*" r»'irvriiocl »* c-ainii^|« viirli r<iiitniEiiTi^ ivi vwry t At 
■ulplinnr i'r\i\, I Ai. mai>h-£V=v*H*, in whrffh tUir hrdm^a in pwtljr 

If, 1IUW. wo n^L-iML t^jit mliitaiit-.* Cir^. lliua vUihUriitil wIiL (fiO fal* 
pliUrii: Bci'l, t* it\-fau>c, rrr ntunL. coeicIlmIu ilml qti luxmnii-' prvJiicI ham 
bocB farmtxi frotii inorjptiiie niAti^mU^ lunl llir t|tic^it]4>it Tlivn ina^n, wbcr* 
HAHihii rcinnitirMi brji-in 1 U lulpliidf of (inilion An nr^fr^nlr cnmiiOddds= 
C^r Or il DpfhImij ikEi-l Mtfv^L^a ci-ikiprjiku'l Ut In- rr^rd«d ■* 
&C[\?i<.}'. i,e..at iL mmpuiuiil uf ^ulpliflFUuff nriil uilliftn orpiirii'? ^^h1orUQ 
afnrbuttt Or iIium Ihft fir^nir frirmnliiMi tn'giii wJlh Ihi' ftjor iLC>b 
■boTV m#iitiAn*t3 '' Thp fli'^ and >FfAnd nf i1im4 HbppD'itJaiu tra tbt 
mffal pnlnlilo. TIjo t'^^^^u'i^^ lAmpb^'r-llIca oAtufv nf nbn 05C1H>^ inclisM 
rW to «uppv0 ttuiL iliJH ruiikpuuiiJ ii oi'j^te Uin Hven %n kloa muy 
iini fiir Htprfiin^ eron lulpbiiir uf curliofi fl* bb ur^ikiD cumpOtiinJ. 

viptDtioiL in iTic coft i>f an iqcirgnui*' compound. It Jikp^ri** fvbibiu 
rviiwrW^ly ^wt ^'>UiilLty m i?ijrik[iiinHj]i with iu oonitituiiiiC cIduuoIi- 
TiviiTly. (1 vi^iii* a uuiubDr v{ ottifr ur^nnir CdiitpouTrFli frii/. iff, t Hbt ty 
i1u(, if lulpf^iJn iif rarlnD 1q rr'ginnlL J a< tin Drpmid coniprhittiJ, y<t Jm 
Ihv a&krui;^' nhjtili Uj4 6Dl»bLiic^ uJ mrlwnic hkI vJiliibii in thmt hIoi* 
ci'iniiiJiiiiiL CiLrlKHi4l4 of |>oivb = KOjCO'; but lulplirn^rliomte of 
poiwmuL *via iM foi^r be K».VS', Imi SKl^OV, <hx ll7d***oIp4»- 
«rbDrik]4D;jCll-<>(il., SOU) vi^iild tbm batliAMMcf Uib pMAMU' 
mill, utd =OEl'A*- r>ii -iic-li a «uppiniljnn, llin qnitlofry ntn onlj b« 
nvtciiAl. by dr»iiUin;> Eb^ nlomio Wfj^htnf farthiiiir vml, iwd thtnhj 
pannrtiTiff »i infQ * tiL>juio or,^lp *c^-l Mnii'ii^r^oiiihbt of pvtwhis 
tXO^DU'; l-ti^rbftd«tA uf Twuth=X(J.ltO,C<Ll', Udi rubonlfl vM 
dm Dol Pibtl-t my rwLl bULdnniy nkU tb«4ix»i>e ftcidi. vbidi. In lb* 
Iko lUhIr, oijiL^JTi 4 iiii[i]^ir<r of nUmi* ^f htdncBO f<i|ii>l tn tb« nimlnr 
(if ufniM' uf mrut irliic^h ibrrTaliD np (/> frirn> a ikIi ; lliprr i* hn arid 
huTiitc llifi iMiiiprvitinn CtrO" ».p ?]m.noV And Bflklitgoud M bydronl- 
pli-iriLThiiiili: LLCid. Luil^, if tft tvt^uii atrhonio oxjAa m C^, |^pww» 
u rXTf, iLEiil aupjuirt Eliiit q*t-truu. a juiImIiuich foniiAl Jil » wfiitD 
\i>\U i^inLiifi> [iii^thft «r[Ui fm imnf ilh or7*»ir miii]k{>uiid of f? BttJ 
J-V, ^TiirJi, wliin ibo ipon it lUtiolTtd in Rcidi, ficbAii^ Ht JWD f<* H 
■fi H ud Ij^- w« ftlHh be 1a1 lui «uiiaid'r all cArbao-^oBipooiiiit m 
■tffantiv ud bujp tbf4 i-ulap* iiitfm ttiUi ftriliiiidi in Vabin^ iba 
Uoinio w«ijil»i ^f i^iDxlU, — IliJ-n f»r ir« oiaj sfcljr go id Lhia diHri*aa 



I 
I 



MAT£IUALS< 



41 



'■lilnrmp, Tht^iich 4 i'^mI lik>L ("ircdaid IuIh, cbJoriiia irf aulpbuf atui 
fHiirido of <:itrbyu = CCl' j^CCI', tf*.] »f« pftjJuCoJ, ilig Isiltur, wlioii 
liurilLai lukd ]iiia«Ai| liy jl^dlf tliruiixh ■< r«J-]t<>t in'rcnlnia Liilin^ yia[il>i 
chluHiiM 1^0 iiEid iL luixturH trt CCI kimI T'CI^ [c*CJt* luiil CCl'; far 
<4hii]|]rmn«ii rnnlfkiiiui^ }miL fmv nlnhm nf mr^ion irity DO QniTorlo-i by fe itJ 
hfvt iiii'> fouijhjuLitli ccpiimiiLith' nmo/ c.irbu'Q'AtAini' Oin.\ I'^li CCI 
|C*Cl'j l]iiMij{ Mvifniii Willi n Jilmtuiu tft witter, imd iix^«miPiI lo PUiiihJuH 
lu n luiUUi Ulli'd vr'iih [.'Kl'irjiitt, ih fur tliit iruiHt ]ijirl, rcmviTEiijI njtn 
L'*ri'[n'fh|,hiit[iortof iuntnuiftfrirniM inir* ohromn^ticMUl j^HCI'D'). 

iKaL^4>, .Ifiv. /'/i^rnj', A«, NT, aiiA Hl'^ By iho ullon of boiiuiiuru 
iwlJvDil ill ututi^ury uUd u]»u l^y wati'J'i llilt LLImih-'tfUc ilcJi} uiKy Lnj 
txjuvuilt'J tnut '•nU\Mty tu-f^i'i" itt'jil»- t*4I*'J', i i\i*^lw>iii- A', Ann.- r*iwi- 
Pijv. W. ■J'i:t 'f 'J'hiin ti4'4i(i[t Hiuil ■<( JVimiiid frihiai xtiliiliiJi^ nf r;irli[Hii. 
^u B^jd rik.iy i)ii^n Hid Lr^iivcrlvil into bcvuiid, Oh'O*, cuodyl^ ^ad. 

■atJouB odiuj <". uiii|>oinLili4 

a Af|iLL-i?U'- .kiiiiNurukk, wilh hulplnJa of cnHioo, furm* lijrdr<rfti1|ilui- 
cybJiilfl «■ truU im bjriitDiiul(ili4icnrlKjaHl4 of luntuonin, 

A. WliBD imtviEiiiii it prvfpjmil liy tlixLiilin^ nLrtHiiiilit of pulJuU wilh 
vljnrcunlp ihu cbrboiile oinlb ^la ;xn ii rvdnji^u, rarriv will, it, n ^-nllihwiili 

nnponr which cfnni*ii»« ii» tlis form of n y»iU<*wi«li crey nohiiUM'a 
edoliTtrytDfco [lll.j TV TltU ^ol'tlmn^o dWlv* In vatfr, hiimitu 
n rvil<li*li vullow frjlLillmi, Fiiriii wliirli r^'i'lirin'ilf {(int., llpWpr). rnn'nn'i.ta 
[(Im.^H ^t^^ i^-rt'fiff rtt poiaili (Lli'lriVi tSf/tw. ij. IM , aim Af'iff. i^htti-m, 
13, J*ii Urn I*o^fi;. 7, A^.l; hlw- J/ba- i'hnna- li, (<0) niiv ^^ fltinitipil, 
Moivtv^r, Uid ^iirk brotrn imrjlfifr'l^iLor of tb^Aci nalrA n^utjiiix \ lar^o. 
qiLhuLitv of* I'liVihli riili, |.|i« iM^i'l 'rf hIlh^Ii 11 Air^fitV, VI' POiiio «iii]>liit a<ntX. 
tff^rht^r with irjiJill ']iiJLnilif.v 4jf ifc'r^itfd Lhf {totuNhiyun^mV of ]>(itn«li, nnd 
fyd>fKi« rpf ftot:v'jmm {<i*n,\ Tii''t'-ttr -4 j>Dr»j>lk, tho piritf rn^f "f vtUWh 
ir niontinnod hy JA-hSp. 1 irtu nnl iihlol^f^n'E, Sm<w,ac«niinf;In Ij^liif^ 
FliorJIriiialo ami orupomilri of |iifIil-|i mwy lik'^vJMjbo olitaJnih] hy \iwt9i\ifi 
driioEii? kiiiJf ^lit tfVi't Ik'KLi]'^ |Hi(iLt;tuhi, it fullrjwt iLbl lli^flO ikc'tilfl Hru not 
fiinni^t cElrntfly (toih ilia chriivuiLl ur 1'ruiLi tliu rudi-uiL luuil jii the prciH^ 
mwti ttf tL4 ^nu*<)iijn, but by Eha aclion of potutium-rapDur ou carliobio 
oihtc ^u at n lonvF lomi^t^rnlur^ 

hV Wfloil-i^linreobl LoJlnd fur urMuo tiiMn wUli diluln aUric «!iJ, din- 
■IiSM lU'J fi>]'iiiF B Ijtiiirn li'LUi^Ip 'rvliicli, tiii iiviLp<>rnliij]>. Ji'^icw k liro^u 
Uilfh-l «ululili> iJi wnlvr; iL piiM'ijo["lei» a 4ril[itJnn of filiio, ninl I* Hiora- 
mr* ullbJ ifi-^^t^'iZ rtf^ftif, (llvtchoK.J 'i'ho *md» raorliun ts uItLaeuviI 
l^ilb cliferc»l m:v[uuimI Itoni LEiijE'giuiff tut*Ua?o«» ^'u , by dijpuii]|Hniitjf 
louhoni^ifl of etiiiiv will] pLicijiUoriiii «l h n-d hvni. (Gin.) 

TlSboroioor (Oif«\ fi^, tHIT, '■ ATtij fiirlhi-r CUf'.^K.Hn} nh^^TvoA 
^f^Ml wtica vapuiir lit wulm i» |<ahci1 in «oii»i«ltL'iki»Jp iiituiitkiy oii^r rliAm«l 
^b^ivcE to nduL'A ia u ^uu-butclH tJio y.iaJdJTcrj tulio beinf aLtrroLiDJLiI 
rilbfi'Ui waliir, > gi'Utiiioii^p i-oIiiLU<j lalijEuuHv wbidU ■uivlli like fiit 
litfiololilp in HfLlnr. co]li*rlff In ilm tulic nml 4ili]mt0ly nWya it uj>. 
Tliii eipcrmoDi 4\A noi iiiof>HifE Iji iEiu tmuilt of Bjiniitd ilihE Tninimi- 

A minttirii of L rul, nvrbuuir a{;liXgAa bdJ 1 vol, urbonlc ai1iti\ nrof 

|B vcrl. wlionin iwiJ nml I T<il liyclmniii, pLmd orBr iu[q<iDUii HDlutLoii uf 

kk,cab«r in Lhf* ligMor iti tlio tdiutsdimi mil yiiiM dxhI In nuid ; tii^tihcr 

*ig%r fbriuvi] ty ilton^ly (!oiD)irr«(]iij; t inJlturr of rqnal mtuufu uf 



43 



ITJOK O? ORBAPSIC COHPOUSD* 






Muj 1 nrufomfttioBt oi tliti UbiI lak« pltr» in lirinj: pTn(« and 
tiniirmlj^ bill jirt ij liktiirW mijubl* nf rooftrtjufi ft flTcn ofMit fta- 
pdiinil (Hi** ■ cT"*!! rnri"iv i*' nilijif*, Mftuy uf ih»o iniCDbJl/ fmvml 
«>rEBTtio rniTiyi"i]nili likoviv ji^fur in iininrit, 

Tli« FoliwidfT cr>niptinndt, For txnnrj^r. tim^he faniitfd b^Arlift^l 

>iil]i]iuric^ iwi ((i. - - ^?i[/ii- nru/j fmui ■^l^>f imJ nilfifi lu.M^.-^fla'tf tN^ la 
VArioiu ttn^Ji — /fvfyrir fjnti, fmin vuifikr, l>y 4 pn-itlar Itinc] nf frnnni- 
Ulion,— rn/ff-iPjrti,- rtrt'/. frnin i«l*lo-yit> hy ihn iwtroii of furd hy^nt* 

TUu vulttliLu ml m ibir It^tti'eri' ur>V/jrniY< N/vn'crtu» fri'Ui iilidiuuidvhtnmiC 
ill-— Tho Tiilklile oil ni Ointit^frM /rro^vm^nu (vlitjUln »( tntlhjrl). 
»Iioylii> icni utd wooJ-fpLrll.— tfn«>#«rtyiTr. Imm <urcb nr wnvJjr 
hb^ lulp^ufi? kbciiL — Jfai-fitinc «cidt vam itouio uii] L; diMilkliaa- 
' fruiii cjfHtiii^ juiid uuJ aiDinQiii^ot Frum orji' ai'id ^y Uid Hflwo oJ 
of ]md — ^f/rinfnLTr. fraiD nriff itciil by piiruk-ji^^i of Uwil- 

TtiA bumbor «f ikrtid^Jaliy farmed orKunia ritmpDuii^lB w]\wb do o«b 
OMUf in nftturr. \t lnrAcvi-r iaiiarfeaor^ly j;rMler. Auon^ Uiqm maj ba 
mpuTiuiiL^J L M^'lliylic jil-'uliLkl- ilumIivEli- t-lUtt. iiinl iiiifij iilhin iimritwi 
uf |h#- idcLhylniii^^irtra; m-.r'' i li muinlKrv dF tlt^i cLbtLaba-kt(i«t; ihi 
infimlwrji nf ihn jilifiiiT-Lcnp -. ' ' , — «i> ibAl. Ukie^ lalo toooam tW 

minprL>Lki .-nukj-iikiikHlA trt irlni'^ I J ib jjiillr^iiilEv rftijlKoni hy CL, Bf, 1. Ad, 
Or X, »" iiM' ■ IV (linl I tit* '>r>;iiTir4.' uhEij|iiiLLrirU miUii^Ii cut only « wlubeu 
trlFliciuUf. fjir tiiLTfi iri miiiiliE^r tJjcuk- v-IiIfIj rH'mj- in nnliiiv, Laltly, 
iri'Wd, i^fitfiiiitijt Imvn CTpn ■ucrcrHrf! m fofmitu; nEtiflf t4l dlctloiJa. t-ft, 
nuO^mihf, hmrrrlLno, ■ntlinr' rlim..1irirH hpl^uLi-, furforlirt, ihionnntfiilM^ 
■iiirtaTinCF*', 4ipia|t"liui'. imfil^ii^HlrMi-, 

Jf Ell in irnAl .-un <if ihf nrtiri''iul furkitiitioi) uf nnp 4^r;f«ni^ «amp«11id 
ffoin »T>ntlii*r. Tlin jiumWr nf Airbontifuiiu cirhiT n^Enajfipi tb* K' 
'^mtoi^hn^ (ho InTtT pl>'^niii"Dr>n Ivii^i:^ r^nis'jvlr.tit f<) th" iTiifiamloa 
|A| onmp'iijrHl in ft Irto^r nuk tn the hul''. In niii>n frw • 
OMttiry, WK Hfi hy LrtiAf^l fp M wm. i>»ii*«rl OijiDfioaDdj mMafn 
■raan»r aiimliiT t>r m4Aii'4loni«. iotafllbn* nniaiuinff % fTTB.CAr n 
If aov v« c«iuid«r ilmi itn ii qq^bla o( prodqviDf ««lain atj^Ic 
tfOOfDaitda fmra Inersani'i innEpnftlm, aftd Id imnv naMw, alu^ nf inrrMainx 
lie Diifnb«F dF 04r|piiii ilainit in ■ fLron at^dio ntoptmnilt h sppHi* bM 
iniFuvibJc ilqi vr ifikLL lome tUy be abla lufirnu ftnlA«l«]ly, mrry iJiuM 
all iha or|^iiL« fnrniHiEindB n'bi<-1i uvuf jq mmrd. 

la Buuy oatH. doverrr* tbo iirem* in Itic DODibof of «atboa4loioa 
by aftlftoUl pfD««ai U 4ialy a^p g»Dt. 

la MrtaelnJ iiKmax la tktutmlniiftiir^om'^tttmt, tba prrHun rieh#r 
la faf^Miinait ht a pr^wy Ar^rrcrf«m|Htifnd; thif aiyinnittnnt ttntvla 
vbifb lb* <«Pi*«lriii4fit ■lotm an amjigvd, Dful bdI itppeaf KJn aa 
>f;^«||ii« af MTaaitl Affira^ bm miM ba«« a cvaipwa cenUt^ 



1 

■^■Hiaavh 
KVM « I 

d»of ■ 



rt<tU ORCA.VIC M&TrRlAlS, 



TbH ■fltujhl itioflMa in tb« numFvr tti nultun'atDnui ii uioal mdilv 
ttftnuhl «lMHt by tlmiL^ ht^;. 

W hc^ bcni]DEtl« "i liEik^, n">f*CaCl*, ii li«tc-l (o ivriiiott ^u m ntort, or 
wh<P Tipam of iJpulii*!, ulbur. ur vtixmuIu I* iumtfil llimu^rli n rw^hut 

Jielde C"fl'i iho c^rtion of A Al. lUoliM, foT ninmplt^ mu^t (hrtututw bo 
coipl^^y^ in fomiin^ 1 At. iiAjphtLaLiric. At » roil iiofti, r»ftrT"onflpriojT»tM 
from the orgBiLic f^pDur* in tLo funn of wol, niul ■( lIid muiutirt '>f 
•cptntiqit Irum <m4 |«rl uf ili« or^qji^ citiDpuuiiil. it uppoqra 1^ pu4 over 
tc uiothrr piifL ill nnUr lo foim ilM>mwith n a'tuiiinunii tinhnr in cjtrban, 
KvfHU iT iinplilfiflltnc 1>Q TfEnrrlril v l^'FI' it vill otjll ooiki^ifi I At nf 
eutiAD more thiiD aIi!o1io1 ; bot Uii* l^rmula la LukdmliitbJo. bcln^ ineon- 
•uUnI villi llialNilEJiifrpaiur, vjLjHiuF'Jiniiity.POinpOUUilJtpiuii] mbiliEutiuiH 
prndiiplii nf mirililliiJiiiH: ftir iiiHthiii^o, it wniilii iw^uirh thikt C^ITCT, 

Uiout(llM«pKWtlfrutloa&1]y: tTlt^Cl^. 

Tim ilfvlrnDLivtf fJiriLlluliiiii mf wmn], in., yidtli piu«flinL'=C*}|*, 
wIhm^* wctftj in di-punklly mt^'n-i-Ej fi ratiUin mlly ^4 At. C- 

C^1* pM>o^ Utri)Q|;{>i ■ trO'Koi \nhf-y y\pi\^if jo lUiiiiJAn tn fne nblortDtk 
l*ro Idndt of c^jlnrlilfl o/oarimn, ^U'v\i muit I'o Tf*i!»rfie«l, nolwOn' uiJ 
CKTl*. bil b CCH anJ OCI\ Fut Ihh^}! iuilv. 1i^ * j>rii<y<UH <■■ wbuli tlivn 
B Do rCMOQ (D lUltlKnr tFiul itny iitrrcn^n uf 'NLrbiui-ntuiiii tbLv iiliW, }tQ 
convHltd mtfl ch[<in*Mlir: ;ind hfiPrwnnli ifiln m-a^h: acirf, in wnifJi tlia 
*jiit1i<iiiv M 40 muivE Vin mlmiTlnfl f'p, 41). 

Tf -ixn^o tn-l Kf r>*^n|p*il, not ft- mrmibo^li'^PHfH, hxiX u bEbii4ic= 
OH'O", ihr (raiiBfurEnritirjii <if firrTninl« nf |iol(kah iriU oiaIaU hy lii«Eiri^ 
ii urUh » TniiluTti <)f LiTiL« an'l Ei^ilrtitf of pfltub, inutl be rvgftrd^rl v ■ 
rlmn^ of th« mm* hnturni 

Ill kKfr ■niiiD liy^i ilIt*, n« iriUAt euuPiJt'r lliD rorniolinii of omlii* ■uiit by 
Ifaci aoliun of ryaiio|f<in, CN, uti U4[|]D4>iih imiiiiiotiju. 

tn Lb(i ilry HiitillAtif^n of nortAtut, in nmpynruniitio olt it obuiiaiHt 
= C"JI'0, nr njoFfl pr«l(ifcbl3r=C*||"0*, wb»r*M «D mIoid of *Milo uld 
eOftUhitoulv A Ki. C. 

FVief-o^f, C"H^>V hiny Tm rfiTiviHrin^ by JLitiLUiEufL whh pbnahTjoi'ia 
iv^l It * i^iiiilly jnrr«uin£ heat, flfat iilCd CH". tbin ioto ^H", ixo^ 
iHlJv ial" C^H-. 

Anrpibor imiiAfnrinitlInn of Lho aline V]i|il li tbo oootvrelon <if loFii^ 
■ddk C^H*0'» into butyni? uid, C^lPO*, 1^ % pcculini' ffini]i:iitii.tjuii, 

mCH-O") ^ *H • 4C0» . Cll-(1*. 

AWlb«bf«*n f«nn b(o wbicK jklJibvdo im cuiitcTt«J bv ihtr adion 
of VOlMb.liod til* ndlHiQBmQdcOiiy pi^duru wlitcli gjl (if viiriul Intrmi 
Vltb nttdy irfiimd onihpcmmi-, ^bmhclvhi nrhULnin in nnn itnm • lu|i>*r 
ounbtr of oubtin-abiMiii (bun ibu cnmnfiuuil* from wiiirb thn U4 



« 



E 



tfllhn'Ti^rnf iHavoKo/rAi'ntfrfA'rD^f^m'i^^rmfij. nr|{iuiiffoaidpoDn^ 
putt of \\vna ftn raaJe to ablto, la Ibp ouinlH't ef iwo oi uioro iLtniPM, 
« M b} form m oiriitpTi^ii (jroJuirt^ in vhloh tbo Dumbof of i-rLrbEtiL-iinniB i* 
fviEiH«c(uriJl.fy mtri»EUK*iL l^til [liv nvukiii^ iviiupLm fli>inii<iiini]i, JjiiircDt'i 
SynJtuni'l'*, tuny B^iniu I"t r"»ulvAl into tficfirj^^idikl ([)ir]>oaaiIi contaiiit- 
i? th« nDnlkrniimbtT of artwn atmna, 



44 



rOftSUTlOV op ORGANIC CO^rPOUSDSi 



UUMnirL rtml cyniinriu iifIiIh ^cIjU'Il liLtkT i^jrnjioiiniL id fupfUMedlQ 0O>lftH|' 
Ihttt tiui«* Ad Jitaqy darlmii-HLDmA At nti-'Li.: 

HydnwIphooyiHiihlD of uniconla hcvU^J npft'V lo rc Ja wi b a 
tMisf jrloldi MdloD = C'N'- 

Criulu litlBi .iJitiaud *>i\. C'lltt", ii convitrti-J bv cortilu mvlr* of 
tnalnjriiit. iiilt> iinm^Kfiiitd*, irliirli» lu^i^Jilin^ lo Uiun^til, ftfitlAin S, 3. 4« 
A. mill rci^ii V tiiniu bi mnny curtr^iu 4l'»ini, A iw eiuiii|iriii nitty tmtro 
to i-bi-'^LLl^ ihjt iiiAtl«r^ UiltTT nljijuiul vil it coDvorlf^t, bjr l4i9 nrt<o> <^' 
hydrutulpluiiti vf Hnnjutiii. into ;^iLl}iljabemeuc: 

AtiJ tli« ronipoiiinJ, wlion aobjpel*! lo *l'y "liftl.Ulnliiin^ yiflM\ *inona 
Olb*T Vroducti, ervBl&lliQb lamiD^c ^r Stil)>pQa = C^H^'. TliJ» ^k(ii|viiina 
fftfflil 1io rugftrdtJibi lUn EuIWId iliiIhiqwu riiK'Scui ot hluxi AluiuDnlod 
«iiU LrhfEiiii KiJ, ihnt m to my. a* BtinKniiii ;^ C'JI'. DuE. necur^lln^ id 
ihin fnrmuln^ il« tnfhiiir trnijcl tin in4^iiiUj>nLin {i vdIiiiwi*^; wlaiir»«*. a^ 
cnnliof M iIjo farmulA C^H", It i* diaiomio (4 roliimcw). Tin? Iiiitfr 
t[e*r li il#i> TDiifiriEiDd ljy tliu iLibiiiiiDtiufL'pFuJiicU of stiJIwac, «.«., 
C"iriCJ and C^W'X. h\ Ihu oi"laiiipn uf -LtlU-Pu t>j LLrvbiur vU, 

ihio htittfT nimond oil. '.'"M LI', nnrf I'^nioin iwiirl, C'H'ii", M<im>»rf, 
liiLidf Aliaond vU fn«4 fnm hyilrut^Biiie mi it conwrtr<i liy »<|Wftu> 
•nuiiiuiijn inio rwtoUHulnr ucUiIitJiujti ipf ilyiJruWiiBiuiJe, C^^U'^N*, in 
*»liir]k 3 At- Uumm*! C^'HV »m xtmiod willi ?N, X|j|i compounJH by 
citiiiaDT witli AnUl j^qiiDnu* h^ltncM^trK mriiL, in «(iiivvrE<^-l Lulu lfit|« 

In Aalnillftr mannn, ](ttli] = Cll*N(V iiiby U) tnnilr>nn«J lola cem- 
|K>iini1t III iv|iieli '?! 3, vr U ■tuiii' cf it iirv uiilti:J, 

3 At. MrUitio If id ^ n^C4[l^| wJtU I At. ainiDonja (ana &ucbr«do 
nciif = cn^Nf*. triili *Pf4Jaii<pn *>{ tlfO: Viui iba lativr fwnpQinil. 
flicn litalol In JOO'' lo c-rctTfitt biUi waEtT. fa dj^iUD rrculYdl inM>9 At 
mrllitii* hfIiJ tifJ I AL niiiiiiuiiiii. 

Oil t>t iiiri'r'niinr ■iipr>'n| In ibo air, i« eonrcrUd lulbamia mi- 
tainhg Lwico v ntLnj oA/bga-Bwrnt- 

Id mppOM thai till* teti% Utt Ilic foiiifM»ititJEi CH^O', TouM lie l«f«M- 

cqnbibV" vHh l4«r4 In lliii n*^ |iarti>|v, « ml nqgnwittiiiitm cf tli* 

nunb«r Dlflwbon nti Nuiiah 

Tka alBii vf A^A'I' <" ' iil-L<»i-« UL«]mtf« llioic coDpounJ* vkM 
»™ tr^rdcJ ■■ ^*Wwm» t>' .■'.' i.'nii' trntt (^tti-nn I). Wb<u mvj-lt 
fDDlaininf 40 mt9 DijuJv lu li'iiili^ur whli poluli. anJ iTin drj ikIi it 
lM«£»d irt h twlort, ftatlHiiiilD of [Httvib ri>iijBiiH khJ lK» iuat(»]i«i |h«m 
uTvr^ 1'hu4 J Al nHbftlo of |Kp|*«lt fuv moLrvd inlo 3 Al- cartoDAlo i4 
pMaih uid I Al acMiVM^ propBvLj iv eaJJvl- 

tW'll'JCO'^ - ;HCO,CO'J • CH1K 

tUi^ Ibrtit nn h«t*» 0-fwbou dwr-ound proJvMd from 4 4-acbax 




STATS OF ACCl[£CAT10.'d^ 



u 



llio HfUDrl uHcr, ivuMltLtng or tlio r^luCA of 3 At, occUo ojAA^ t1k„ 
C*1I*0'+-C'II'. For bv iUa luslmx u! niidnlin^ n^sut", tiu neid i« |»rrt- 
ilwcd HWihioin^-. not a hut I C-niniim, rir.ihfntLn viiL ^linUur '>Wr^-B' 
tittnm nii|[ht tin ;L|j[tliii4] in nlin^r |>rr»'lTTor< if tlm mnio rUw (^I'ul- iirfuvi- 

In liic fc^ifiie oiio^ty illikE Imi ijidu<lii<L rhu viiiuiii oampouud ttlbtr*, 

niTJtL In Uiiric comii'riincli^ ihn (iiimh^r <'r l~:'Miini it i^rjnal In thi> Jiiim 
«f iLir (--abim« in rfn' ^il'^rtVol and tli« oml; Iml ib^y nm iint |*rininry 
orgBflJc onipdumU; nid w]^«n trmbtd wJlli jli|uduu> olkA^iij t^ey an ftg4ia 
fLsulvod JuLu alculiul 4UiL tiuiJ. 

CfArliiinlt iLud nniii'inT,^ in nnfi^r l.(i ffi?r. rM of nil iiiif'vrri niimlipm nf 
■Icm^t aupjintc tluit vlioo only t At, tl fdiul'i ia cantopl with I At. iff a 
COrrj]MiUiLJ. T Al. of l1h» i^uiiifiuLiiiJ uurld wiili ^H' Tbu*, by iidiliLmn of 

C'H'O", luUt anhiii limlm.ibiiiorn', C**H*0*; iiiiEiiicUiw. r'*H'X<>'. inJu 
ia^j^a-M-hit*. C^°El'N<l^ [hny llif^a'fkim wriLo thn irihlif fnrmulM irf Ihn 
hvdfn^tnitod PoniiF."»nila iiflfidlij»«, C"ll"-N'Lr-; C"JI'"0\ tJ»ir*N*0', 
Yarllitr vtwiU htv, bowuvur, tuFjuired tu eitdibliili lli« noeeiitity uf ibU 
duplimitivu. 

It. Statv r>p AnoiikaATiOff. — ^nt fow oTpiifo tomiio^n^ tliOAV 
hdy. wliirh vunlain hM a irDlrdl iiuuilvr itf C- ot it-ntmiit. Bird Ullle 
UP no U ^Pf fl; lucb a> C*H'. (.:*H', OH', DH'O. (.""H'CI, nrr^ f'lfr-K/ 

Tbn f4i]lDifJiij£nrvih"i'ir^'r'/i^b; Wo«d-fiplrit, ilcoUoUnLbrT) raoatcmn- 
pouod cUion (if the nifltbylcnD and flliylotm aonci. tttUirti*. ligaoof}, &r. 

'J'bo followinif BTv vitfu^ fifvuli.- aame coniponud ulticrt, ruMt v<i}a^ 
Ijlc uil*. h>inD fal*, muny idkaJoidK iiiiL fiffHtainiDij o^y^nu. n fi^'A' titlib, 
■ojrh V Luitic jLciJ, Odrlam M'^olMiriuo mivtUirii. nucli M ArLyOffiJUA ind 

. Ritriiple (if •/iMlirHfiit tuLvLuliCai K-ra fuuiid in llu! luft rosio* and 

I ^nnntfUaar^ 

By fiif tbp fnn.itrfr numWt td ff^E^nia oampnnniLi nm Wi-i at Q', and 
uiKinic thi4^ il»p> niaj'rrity ant rr^tlidliitUdf Sftif-rivl irf tbrin may If* 
«bTAi4ic<l Wb III Lbv L'ryMMllioo and in tlia hiii'sr^liuu^ fld^- uiipt in thab 
fi»r,tlicy*ilii(iil Tfcu dillpwfli intilliiiK puJiiU^tb*? lowuf of wlildi Moiiw 
tci I^D uEiiorpitrhUB iiUU- 

Wlii^ii vylvir n^jil^ Lillmfxllifl vid, ininnitin xiifrkr, irr itmy^JuUu ii 
fiwJtd [^<tr fiiBlun al a j>c^ncl<i heal, il >ir»ridil|r« In a TltritmiH miVK 1u 
IhLi tiaXa it bai by no idmuj UiiF it* power uF cry>(»L]lFUiDii, bat pibiliiia 
■ }uw*Jr In'iliii^ poinl. wliirb, U(jw*vor, rannut !« dulorniitied with iirr- 
(i#iiiii, bi'iniuf^ Oin jiiiicrr|tliniJi< mjuw. Unfar" Aidldjfym^* ]Uia>rji into ibo 
«tMiid flivtc- Tbo mpLtinr point nf pryiiAlli^pfl *yW\r nnid le I4I>'; tJiuL 
«f tlic DJfiurpLuu* a^'iiIh betv»)i iSQ and 100'; of ItlhofoUlc a^'iil, tbi' l«vu 
valliuff \M\u\M nrnCuy-fluil 1(J^''»|]a*; i>r (U^ur. 110' nnd W — lOO'i 



]IL TwrKHTiica or Ouganic CourouiiDf. 




4i 



PROPERTIES Of OEtQA-VlC OOlIPOCyOS. 



WLun |nft ul lli« faydnffBtt In. in oigiaifl cimptjimJ ii rvf>lM*d 
CI 4f tit. ihti m]i]|KiuiiJ twBvtjiiiiiif K'turiit llie *Bn4 rrjitAlJiiw 

Ttkia u lliB nw* h'iLli tttkEnnthftriu = CH'^iO*, nnd DbluFbKuuDUvBB 

OQ Ibtt rclatbu.- SbulurJj iJiu tuiiinvufitlt C"Ji*,CJ*, tml CirCt^CH 
\i\io lulLur buinit t^r^iruilncml frurn uUitr^ i^iliiUt lh« «Hiti> f<-nu» *rlk 
UiD (amptiird t^ ih^liC Uiiruteut^ Ip tbc jinglu. Thema tuialt nbguUr 
li_fl«r«D(«4 uv muviUMi prcdood «rM by trrJiiiTt^ u |]^iLF»u[lH>Tk fln* 
ridi bmrnlD* viA ibin «illi diTorlnfr) orcoiLi'iriDiiH; ■» Jiit ulianvA*^ 
IlrP jKRiu KiE]i|iuiiitJ LI brdlui'tiJ, Lfeiin;; f«fll <if it* El n| 
br luiil C'U unly Mmr. iii urn e^eih vti^e. ilw QF-ntoidi All up tbc pli 
Uiurt H-atnm* which hftvo 6m bfUH mnovvl. *uil the f'l-Bt 
plicwi nr tbup whirh h^TL!* Ifeit hwa rf«)DYi<Ij whib m ib« olfasr 
thi- nul>hliLulii)U 19 L-ffiT<Ii>l til llic ifjuKnty vi^w. 

Tliiin, w]ji!ti iiBiihUiuLiai.'. C"H*, in flnt (jnLcJ With btVttiflcv n iKU, 
'H'llH i< ]>r™lM['n!, Jim! iftiHwarrli with (NbU-rine, Uia Aq*! itoAdcI " 
'H'Br^Ck'; hill if iL^ prMWw Inn hvf^n with ohkriitV. tho lilltwK 
product Ib C*ll*CL'Rf'. IMh ihcnc oaoipoudd* uijMalluit la filtlj^ua' 
tbnnibi« prttmt; hni in thu fi^Finirt. tin.' nn^ l» of tLn &0aH tf* 1D1' flO«i 

:oa 50. »i.aiQi Ui 11) ihQ iiti*^, 102 io\ loa, n-uJ 101^ so-. tfa«fc 

.cumpumid*. ]><]^ev>iiw AiLuilu cF^iuUJmi furiu« vid tbc kUiw •(okbi^^ 
biMrJC <i(ji;iprmfii4fTi^ boL vitb tl'fl iitiJiiidu^iJ ktutiiB of tb« vl«iimr|« bi. 

3AUj 30h 1JL>0,) Fjf eUd ^'iluMisLuiviLt i^f tlij* iiioirtcn»aiar|ibiaD, kuv< 
CW.CurLlttfi' iTJufji arc cluniialilD , Fvt Un' piniUI aiiifuluf JiUrrrnra vhkfa 
bikVO bhib uLmni^tJ jiuy nuult fn>tii ^iKn^uiilUy uf th« cryauiiljn4 fm^. 
ttc- tTitlil th^i p(MitJt>ii \A Elit< PI A.[<jini ijb iiafi^jlhiJijin ui <hi|«nnnwil» il 
u JnipoM^Ui- Ut Ar^^i'lv vbtJa^r ili» tno hyilTugDD-«tnniii AMvilhdnm 
havQ a difl'B»Qt nine Iv ifav Mhw 1»q. 

S, 'rii# i!ptrTriLi Ohatitt nf orgB(ii« oonmiod* u the n^U arnW'i 

■t*C<« ]ir« WiwHr O0V7 (tb* muM mlaliTi iirihi miimirailn nflifliwi, 

^inVKi>4)^ l-T^ (ururie «rid^H I'OS <bjdrtodie «lbMl' «>^ <'*^ doAfal 

itf iDvlhyli. C4»n]|iouiiiU ixtiiljuoiiijc lutiiiiiff bat nrbon luiil hjJivaH' 

fern lb»[igl]lA*t; ihLiidt irhvlL am vvmi rinh Id aKjgvn, bhUpr^nts Lnpamu^ 

ud iodinr, on tbv huTicci. 



ATTQTdliifr la tba •iiiUnALicifti filfn Sn Vol U !^' ^^ "tid ?'. ib« 
•D-4*J]wl «lAnBfti< IVhUM ui Sprtiiit Id'p*!' tij^iflt* til* <^i»lJn( o1>Ui»4 
>iy diridinf ibv ntnihin vvifhl nf ■ antHipnfr, oilhf* •iBlfJi' or fSiirpi'Qr-i, 
by iu ^wiflo £f«vl1y; thif <^iKiMvfi[ riprtoin^ Id BM, lb« tvlHl^v* 
TvJttBt oMHvlcd bj 1 At^ at die tuUtuun^ to^Mlivr vU iv tb«nw 
«ait<ld|i«L li Ihtalamirwiilfblaf ihtf ■iihflUm=Qi ilt ^«^Bb invHy 
« IK ud tu iiHtfido nhniosV, we b«r« 

IbM b 1» «y. thd aibraie vbJcIk vf iny hUumv t«rica Jimtly ■■ Off 

•fan •CtfQjrii-t ly ta nwm nf Iha rulAtvir«% Ic^lhrv mitk tU tfn— JP 



J 



tncinc OR^VETT, 



«r 






^^Bll 



( ]t Ifl Ky. (to itomio frci(f!il iiuiJoJ tj the ■pt'cifio ijavilyH pm 
tliv vpfdfic VLiLum^, nuA tbe aIi'IH^c vfulijlil iLviUrd hy i}m i|)i«[illLii vitramp, 
^Tf« (bu fl(tiii?ilio c"^vity, Fiirllkpf, Hn nmv o**tii[iij, ui^L^-ifiJuii; lu llji» 
ralnmo t1i<Tory. (Imt f wiLU i-prtAln liiiitiAti^ina), ilii: aiKn^kEic vuluiiio ot n 
«vui{iuiiitJ ia ci|im1 Mf tbr mm ^r ibi- t|H.<i]iAd vuJmuvi wf ii* ftnihiiiuvnlt- 
U|H>iilEiiB tbtonni, Gnt 4UUiidBl4d by ^broJiir, ilnjwn^li thn :hL>pIJDEUJiru uf 
llii> Tc»]iLiiLi>-tb'htry in Uih ppiMTLfLd jjmvlty ^jF ^trj^iknin rviin|kjinT(l's 4it itfijtli' 
rBLiiiii wWli ■•, li"wn>VDr. nubfi^nT tii iiii|w.rLm>t <'i»*!i|klnni^ ui iLirtJiiuUr 
tMC4^ Ai the rviuir uf tbotc ou'lmTuuri tu mlculMu eEiu t|:>ii?mG L'rntfjEy 
of B mbiUcice rruiu ^1i tuuipuiiLJ^u U ntjll r^ty uUfi^LlKfjuiiui-y, il DLny 
njffim. fi»r l^m E-nwwuli to gjv<, 4 i-liurt fli|tndithJii ul lUn 'I'lTk'raiTt WAy* in 

bLcin. Id tin* liXpnMtJnn I ilinll mikc aaa ft thi *t'>mk wl^i^M* »<lH>p[td 
In tba prwiut worL, fi^iiM^uuuily nil uuiiilvf' b^vliLg ri>rHf«itttf lu tbs 
ii»uiii|itiua; = LOO. H b U^^A. &a will hv iJ4«rixl. 



W«J 



fCiFfy't Tfifoi-ff. — Wu mupL, lu i\vD Hint pLbnUn di^tCrifiinL^ Cbir imvlfto 
maa of ouiiaii. bT>lr»i:fin^ und [<iiygfn, TKr j;rru[ vftriutiuiiA iu Uin 
i|||tfi« gntiiy, H<[ isintA'iitpntly m rb« '|.i-<f:inf- voUinti of vrj^in 
l£|(riil% ]fn>iWfhI bv fburtu^ I'f ivirLp^mliit**) mniior it. ncKifwcy ro flv 
■pOtJ vUiw ■(■i>J*ru U'iii|>rniEurir, iind fur lliin |-ui'|iu4Pt 'b^i boibiiL,' fiumL 
tDcl^T n ifivi^i [iTvaaur^' ]■ [ht^b^iv llio buM iidrLpldiJ, 'X\\i^ wiU liu tiH^u 
fnrHL (ba foll^^wititf riiJi-iiliiEioii af tba Jipocltin ToluoLoa of V4tjir. DiLvr^ 
ftAii fcLivpb^l: ALrohaL. C*il*0', may bn iwi^rili^d u n ramiHtDhd 0/ cllirr, 
OHHJj wtxL nator. HO, Ai^ooniriu; (o Ouy-LunMwV 'k't^rifiiiiBtjant. tbo 
■JimLIIo gnvilu^t af Wfcl'^r, vikvt. kikL ilIiwW, at \\os\t h(i\\vn^ prfliiln. ara 
0'£^fif, O^L^r Bti<l ft'T^II: if iiovf wn itLvidi! ilit'so i[)aai(|F j^v ([)!»■ by tlni 
&1i>mi« wtiEblji af tb* tbren «abjtKii&M, wliicli Bro V, ^. And 4V, vmt 
utiinKi llipir "prinifip Yutu'iinn, vi»,, \t JIT, 'tl^1\. jiu'I tlif'^A, hJ by iMlrlfnf 
ibffvlbar ibu k[>ori(lo vuLumL-" i-l wiilor ■.iiJ «lber, vo obuin llinl u/ 
■Ictibd vtry auurly^ *»'37 + 53-?4=€:^'fl], Cuiiw-iuciilly, I Al wj|t«, 
U iu boilmg ^tlai, unl I At, etUnr ut iE» LoiLmff pumt. ikkir op tctfitt^tr 
Uh! «nifl <f4V* u i At- iLUmlml t\X \U tiiiime |Jitint. If now w* tekv Ult 

rJlagfaviUfit of tb«o three liquiijt ^1- 11 , of 4ny mhof ItmjtortturOi 
MUM MOOfJk&OC ti by i]C» uiauiLj cviJdiiI ; bccuDH aL 10 . *ti *ay 
ctbv vivnp [cnii|>rrif[:reH Ibny lire remov.^J frum ibwir iKiilinir |Kr]]i1« l>y a 
i^Qfy iljlTi^nml iiumlifir nf tlit^n'M, But did .-L^n^itiTirut atill niiU wb«i 

(h»t H^HLi'ii^i* l^rBTLtiM nf tlio tbri.ia bqiiiils iiro M'I- i j'HMnif LlnijinnL** 

I imi ™:ri ^aov tbiil of 



L 



fiuut tbcLt buiiliij{ (HUUtt. r 1:/., tbuC i>r witivr 
BlbuftX 3i<'-:iW^ = li4^ i^riJ ibul "l ulnuhtfl kt To*"— SO = *fr4'. 
Th^M uai[Mi«lLirHii. ifiiiiUIJfUTit fr^jiri Eh^ tutiUnir jMjbU, am <ift]|nj fur-r*- 
jyiOatdrif^ Irif^'faliKfyA {J'o'fj, JiCl, cl7lr] A,* liiom u imiiAi-Liiml'lc iFilB- 
onlcy Id dciCTmminj; tlio ap»ifia ffnLvttiv« nf IjouiiI^ %i ilmir hoiliit^ 
mil, it B b»t to uiAkelh«dltnmiiittinD %\ euubf dliCAOH* below ibma 
lDtl^ kr,.iil ccrnuhpoiMJLnie tmifH^ltinH. Tbu inathud \a itul, |«Tbft|][i. 
'tc HFUraA<\ bL-oiiinii iLifTiiruiLt biiiiidr, lU fmAlug m ^\wt\ nunibLT ui 
_.jM«a b*lov IbcLr bolJtnjf points, luav cvrotmct tn Kuofa % manner tUi^t 
iJw msltioJ nUliuEi* of [hvir tpwiflt roTDmu Dolaoj^r mmuu ihc Hni«. 
U i* fuiinil Ib^vt, ill brMmifi eomituuDdi. lbi> ipDrinD Vkiluinn nf bjdrogou 




48 



rnorrcnr^o or o;igav:c couroini'Dsu 



1 ji- . 

I n-nn 

I 



Ii«^ual (o IW of Qiv^^u [i^^ ]tjtit rii tLa uma Hri*«: fTi^T; f<if Ivo 
i'4iiiiiH>iiii'l>i cunEtiiiiii^ (IjiulI iiurulHT' i>f cirtion-uLiLiitd, but ilittVival 
fi]iiiiVi> of hyiirnjji'iL .iml nty^m-alLmiJti^Ttitf difleroiiM", Iiuwi'vcr, t«iijf 
tijuh eIijiI rlic Hint of Tli*? 11- anl O-nlnma fi the nmc la Irctlb.^^r* 
r(|iiiil nni^jitliL' ivtiiKLo^^ ' V,. iii>otio rM'ii] =Oir*0*j nnii .JM-nl = OM*0*i 
tHLilItu-}^, )ihk'liyi1i.-= l^'H^O', uml ('El]LT=C'FrO. ]Ii't]E<.i ] At.1ij.lh^B, 

iu thertnit ■ni^'rlnps, tlLbnn/ti tlid oxyj^ii-ali^iii is eWhl ijinr^ oMtid^vr- 

Tbft jqx'Pifl* jt«¥ily of •tMcj lit iti Tjollinfj yminl L« «'l*Olrt; ftnd if iro 
UMtlc ft fthp DlomiE^ fft'MiC tif WEII4M'} hy lUk^ nuiultor, wc i^lilHiit El'^tf v 
lllp irn^'ifir; voliriiii^ of IIU, AMimiii^ [limi ittllt )1 unil U !in«'^ ^'^■^ 
BjiDE'iBc v4.1i]iitOH, iF /i^1t<^W4 EIiilI tlw app^ilic V4/Iuaifi af miUr Biu^ft be 
pfodui-iiU fi-pjni I Kit, VdL 11:^ t'lJ^T ami L i<ik t«I, 0^4 1^^ 

TbcBlomio»^T'tirlitof orfloliol, C'lt'OV m !i4-|-n-K in = lR; Jt* ipwillc 
jimviij >.t t1ii< Iwitm;; puli>(=:07^!'; ami 4U-f 7'^9 = G? V. Jfritrt tbir 
c vufuini' Hjf uTcuIidI ii OS't. Xuw, in jiTfu|iuJ» t ^p. 14I- C ftr* 
iluii wiUi rl ■!>. vol, II nrii! !? a[>, vr>T, C; mail if £euui lliii *|a- rat. tJ 
n\r^l,<A^i\1-\l. W4< rulFAlriiot titn jiiiiii cf rl rp, titir livilrogon ami ^ fp, Tnt. 

ivr i »p vol, i^rLtkiu, l-tum'o tlio rptorG^ tvliimo of MrlxkiL^Ct-^-A 
(nniliiT flolrulfttioii *iili uihtr Eivt» f^i llm epci-ilie rfllumo of citbvD, tfta 
ndmbar H'lVi :i.ijJ tbn »i]klii "S tlni^v nuirLhoiT. vix,, Ulf-I, ja tOii^u v iTio 
rtkl •pi'tiifiD mhimui'f limt nkiiioiiC, f Alnmip ivfjf^it »f eiibr>r.C''lt*U= 
Bif ft + S=3:, -jp, ^T i.r. l>i(jJia(E ]rfPinl=0'8»*; J<7^^»'C35 = SS-tj 

vnluimmf C^IJ Vt» atiil of II ami O^tUH- Tbvw iiiiinT>RFi nrt- in iti? 
fvlia nf 4 : 't; nml, cMinfi^ut^iitly, l^ic up. TiiL nf C mny tio rlrnnlf<| bj 
i . I 'Ml, nnil (bfttjfr H (infl 0.= ,'t . 1 ,^if: nnc! vhoh. by rhe corxllpf; itiJu' 
JlquEiIj, ili« f|ii^Di11c 'vJumc* af tbo «irL>iin, ]iyilrojc«Uj Anil viv^n run- 
tftiuoij in tbriLE UF ^[imiuialieil. tim mlia trf |liq C'voliirim la l^n H- «1>I 
0-T'}|ijjiiit r.-iiL&iju lUu hiui". vii,. 4 : -f; wn i\my ^npiiofp, ihfintFnrK, iIaI 
thi- 4 iih<l >t n<mi»in uimlturwit ii-Tiil lh# diniinntiifij fiktla wboLljr on diA 
«uiiiin£kik firliif, 1 .'jti» 

CibcT liciLIi ac 3j-T. aitil ttvm ii« tficciCf imviu *| tluit t^mpriBlBnt 
ill ipL'E^fic voluiiiff 11 Umnd (u bu ^^3; ul— llr.T', (linE in In 4jr, 3J' 
bvLn** iiri Itaihnf |witLt, ■!> up ^-T, j* iiK^Li Ihnl llm ip rab ii trdacvl to 
43*. IlvDCV by CkHilinjc 6^' Wlov iti Itoihnj: p>>in(, ili? tpmiAo ¥v[a»* 
uT Diliur II ndiMnlfntir 5J'!f to iP^ kjid llie iT-ff^Gi) vvluntn of Iu iktwt 
4!ofi»ii|Mufit 4Unuuil* an iiiiiotlii(i('r»4iily hnlui'i"! in lliit minv |frwBrlJda, 
lit, C from af4 Ii>.3 70h U ami O. rnni 4 UN 10 43^; Or: II10 «nD«B 
fjiPlAT, i-i*f' t* drLLi'HiiUi^, u (lia liifUiJ cno]* dott^i -^£' bflw il*ball|H 
ymnufrvtn I ^ I0 J 44; hit . L-«i=v;i:. ind 144 .^«i'99. Siof* 
llwa, by u nJurLi'tit of f>''' ItfW' tb^ Wlinj; pt>icit, 1I1* p->iiimiin fmetoF i« 
initliclby U'tV^l ^O'l It^O-lli, il wmiM api»^«r Uiit for a rgiWc- 
itl tttuponliiM i-'iahi tf> I , tbo iliiiiiiiuliuii of ibn ftctfvr mmt |« 
0-OOlMr but aiiKw in i->,ltul&ri(iiii n\Mina |[>oUii-t Eiquiiii^ (LAdimifiiiLiuit 
of tbe tpn'LAr TiflLim« rom?4 niii Anmi^Bhal If**, it i« itdiulitr^. *« ■ iiiiaa 
mult, ibflt UiA r«fiuiiiau fuci^T L JA, wbifb euroipBEu]* id <ha boitid^ 
c»/ini af iKa liquid, JiniinbLM Ly OOOlfl Ibr «M ilivrw bu\itw |l» 

Tba>, lUv fV- *<■]. of flitfbun, bl & HrlAtn Dusbot of Je^^rBH ('4 
UkA ibo biiL)[Ti>> |i4;Dt = (4 . ri«-.if , O'OUid), mJ ilni of brdrvw 



I 



SPECmC GRAVITY- 



49 



a At. C, 6 At, H, ud e At, O, ths fommla for calculating tlie apecific 
volume at agireo temperatarfl ia therefore: 

(Ann. Phamt. 55, 197). The BpeciGe Tolamefl of C, H, andO^at diffetent 
degKes belov the boiling poini, jirc given in the following table, in which 
the number of dczreea below ihe boiliDg poiut is deuotod hv d, and ihe 
epoclfio volameB of oxygen Bod hydrogen, being equal, are put together in 
IheEame coJamn: 



d. 


C 


BindO 


d. 


C 


HudO 


d. 


C 


HudO 


0". 


. 6-24 . 


. 4-GB 


110°. 


. 554 


.. 41a 


22C 


„ 4'S3 


. 3'fi2 


10 . 


. GLB . 


. 4-63 


120 


5J7 


. 410 


230 , 


. 4-77 


.. 3'5a 


SO . 


. G-M - 


, 1 as 


130 - 


. &4I 


. 4 OJ] 


2J0 , 


. 4-70 


.. 3-53 


30 . 


. G OS . 


, 4 35 


L(0 . 


. £34 


.. 401 


2J0 , 


. 4'64 


.. 3'4B 


40 , 


. 598 . 


. 4-19 


150 . 


. 578 


.. 3 90 


^&0 . 


. 4 58 


.. 3-43 


Bl> , 


. 592 . 


. 4-41 


JfiO . 


. 5-22 


. 3-91 


■i7f> . 


. 4-49 


„ 3'3B 


6U . 


. £ e£ . 


. 4-39 


170 . 


. 515 


„ jjas 


280 . 


4-45 


„ 3 34 


JO . 


. 579 . 


. 4-34 


180 . 


. S 09 


. 3 S2 


290 . 


. 4-38 


„ 3-29 


eo . 


. 573 , 


, 4 30 


190 . 


, 5-02 


,, 3-:? 


300 . 


. 4-32 


- 3 24 


90 . 


. :■ £6 , 


, 4'5S 


200 , 


, 4-B& 


. 3'J2 


3L0 . 


, 4 26 


.. 3'IU 


100 , 


. h-m . 


, A-ta 


210 . 


. 4-50 


„ 3 07 









From thts table, we iray calculate the Bpocific gravities of organic: 
li«]Uida conEifiting of C and H, or of C, H, ong at any required tempe- 
niture, vhen their compo^llion and l>E)iliDg jjoinLa are hDowu. As an 
eitmplo, take acetic acid = C*H*0^ which bcile at 118^ What is its 
specific gravity at IC^ that ia, at 102'' below ils hoiling point? At that 
tf'mpcrature, 1 ep, vol. C— ^'^85; and 4 . $-5^%=22'di\ \ ap. vol. Hand 
0=419; and 8 .413=33-52; hcnco 2234 + 33 j2=B,V5a=tho epeclfic 
volLme of ac^lic acid. If now we divide thu alooiic wcfght of BCetie 
ncJd^CO, by this nnmhcr^ wo obtain l'0T4 for the apecilic gravity of 
acetic acid ut IG'. Experiment gives ICGS, differing somewhat coueider- 
ably from [he ealcnlated rcHultj many of |ho ciamples caleul&lod by 
Kopp exhibit einiilar and e^cn greater UIlTerencefi. 

The epccifc volumce of tbo other eleuienle which occur m organic 
liqalile are more difficult to detcmiiue. Kopp catimatea that of chlorine 
by calcnialion from chronbenzide, C^IL'^CI, as equal to 21'S4 at tho 
boiTJng point, or 14 {i'bQ — d . O'OOJO) at other tempemturee. The 
fipecific voluinea af njtrOj-en an;l aulphur are £ti]l more uncertain. — 
According to this mode of cnlculation, any two iRomerlc organie liquids 
shotdil have equal Bpecific gravities at e^tiaf diEEancca frum their bulling 
pfjiutB,— a result empiricBlly obtained by Aubergier wilh respect to the 
oils which are isomeric with oil of tnrpeutino- (Kopp, Ann. Pftara^ 
SO. 71.) 

Before puhlidbiiig Ihe preceding gcneml theory^ Kopp had lard down 
the rollowiog particular Jaws {Ann- Pharm. 41, 19 and 1G9)> which tho 
general theory now serves to explain: (J.) The speciGc volume of an 
Boid is fesA by 24 than that of the compDnnd ether which Ihe acid forniA 
with wDod-spirit, and lees by 43 than that of the ether which it fumijj 
with alcohol. The general theory givee for acetic acid the following 
numbers: Acetic acid=C*H*0'; acetate of methyl =C'H*0'; acetate of 
ethyJ=C"H'0\ The specific volume of acetic acid=4 . 024+8 . 4fl8= 
fiZ'40; that of acetate of metliy] eoutains 2 sp. vol, C, and 2 sp. vol. H 
madditioD,^12-48 + D-3C— 2J'84; thosp.Tol. of acetate of ethyl contains 

TOt, Til. n 



m 



PBnPEKTlES OF OFnAKIC C0«P01TI 



4 ijii *n1- C uiJ 4 up, rcil. H ninrA l\mb ibrwtjfl vni!, iboflbrt -I . 444 1 
4 . rOS=t;l'lEH. Hr<nr<i>. ri,r(»HiD£ la ih« ifflnnal Ibnarj, wMte mM 
vrbHu coBvrrtciJ iit\n booLito of iiicrTtyl, iqiiri^MV* in ^v^iQcr ntun* br 

(i.) Tik<t ifiunlElr tMluino if ■■tu'7- nlhvl-iiuiiiuuuud ii grtm-tfr bj IfT 
iUiiu lliBl oi' tho 00 rrcrtpn Haling lapilivl-noiipodnil- — Suit mttliyl ia Cll*, 
an^l cLLyJ, CH^ lUc Uuor, tLnn^uFD, ouLlaiof C'il' moro Oma U« 
frtnttrr: iUIn dlbUh 2 , ti £<-!-£ , 4'iEP:=Zl Ki, (vliJub ii uvL trorir Air ft«iii 

K^^pp (CAfM, 6V<f. Qft. J. 3, lOlJ, 

E]hiiM lo hu iHiEiHi, viii mrky 1h- n,l«i]]rLlui[ (mm tbut of alaofaol. Tl^ 
dtiuico=C*H'6', wntaiflfl 2 itoablq M'>n» i>r C, 3 dobbla aUnu af If, 
uJ I J^ubk AiuDi af 0, moLiuft to^^etlior double itofflt> [Tbo Jabll* 
Mtuitkkuf ][ \unit tjjuJufU i^I [IPJ twiLBiu ii:<^aX v iLium uamii«J bjr !!«*»»■ 
li<iLl If tiow (Ilu atimui! wm|[bt uf Jhli^ubol. 44, bu cliviiluJ hy Ht if Ctffic 
^nntj 4t the builine |'nint=:U'T;^nA, wn obliim 112-^ for iho ^ jrfflfr 
Tobmv of «Jo^b4l kE ila boLliii£ foLui; and dividiiuc Uu> b^ H. wp Hay* 
I0'3T3 ift thv »i>Pi*ifir v^Hbimu i>l u ilrriiblQ ultm uf C, If, vt O, tWw 
diip, tit} nmy a*iifj aOuiLliili* Lluj iiHicifir loluiac, uml tlnMioe tbf 
gnr\ty uf arj i»r|p.nLr i-^^ipnun^ iMnii»iiii|t of C H^ hod 0> 
nocounit LuTrcYtr^ 0* m Kvw'* tbcfrry. of ibe ^lifl^rm from lb* 
Bbnil: fur. at IU~ h-A/'y llii> lit>iJliiu: |«jiuC, ilia iite^irio vuluiuc of 

_H4tr, HflfJSi m iu-, 0-7I"*; It «a', Ti'«»a^ m 70*, Uhui, Jk ; bcaH^ to ■ 
lUia Ili« fpwifin rntiimo of t dni)b|o ni-Mn nf C* II, and 0, ■! « gHtn fl 
|Ivt«iir« from Ibo bdUinK p^iol vf ajiv liiiuld^ iLno nuobcn mal bi 

"Wblodbje.- 

lUibnpb: Wuojiiiitil, C>H'0\ boili it aO' ; It cN^liibfl 4 ipHtlSf 
nlumM n! dnublu nlom*; lu otnmir vuij^blslS-f <-*- |iI=:J3, fhw 
lt9 vaUnio of a d'lubl'* i4.v>nt bl 11' IhIn* th^iH luihuu- j^uml ef « 
k aflOft; Ihifl. InLiMi i ilmiv. giift 39 fi^i fur Llia »|>rc]ac lu^nrM <i 
JvtihHl-iiurit 4t 10' Wi>w iu builifi^ pv-iril, ihal l* la -iif, « IlTl iflid 

frSOA for t1]p Hn^'lHii gm^ \ty of irL>fiJ-t|iifit *t VH , 'il"»or»Bllfta , 
O^Sft' Uuhl i>f iVi'j <>(Jti<r ■>>'tJfi)>lw (ulvubtlod b^ ^4?]jKidvr iiul mil 
Ed m tahlt, fifV n«iilU mure vi[i»r;i Ttitu iU.i> : Itui in bmij* (be diflWr 
■» tna nfVMr. In ibaM ftlcuUljoii*, thf aUmiic trtiffhT'* </ Ojpftli 
fujapODIiiJe UiV»l W tJiLfin ^d lucTi a ttjiuuiiir, Ibbt one ul/iot '>f ibHii 
pjeld -I ToftiTiiM 4f aiifiMi^r Of fv djibtornii? ^fv (|i, AS , Iidhh tibi 
not OIl'O. bnl Cli-^V (/--w fl?. d4r)-KM|>F fi^o^, «a> 
avtk* dtut EhfBa alvulnlrUQi pte ^ery gvtj mull'v nllWii^, m 
in^ lo bii o«ti thtforr. Lliv ii-vciGo rglaiM of Cl> Ed ttikE vf H a^^] 
4 t S, uii| nil ti J : t ^ tbia iucmiaI^^ bnvvnT, w *ij»biiiud br Ibvl 
Inntin) thai <bt apHifta Tohime wbrrb SfbrlVil^p lunifnr tm ■ fl^b*] 
iDm, fir. i-^f^ft'llf-i* rttj itmriy m nifian Mvccu K<pp> aj^ nj 
*f n C-Urpin=f « M. vkd (hil <jf fen II- ^r 0-itoiu-^ lAfi, unl roM^— Ijr 
ib MloaUi^^ Ibi- iiipiclAq n^uuiu *it vr^nip njni|itJHndi^ lh« fVMMlba ^_ 

* TWn ti (D HHT tarTj Ik ksabtiv 10'U9. lO'UlL »«. «I4*4* diMl^ ■■! 

tfKitt tulahH ur tf.P 4iair t^m ^ C. K 



1M uifer nkkn uf i^v-JhW, b*i *« 



SPECIFIC GEAVITT. 51 

Lbmg'% Theory (Chemie dgr org. YerbinduDgen, 31). — Th& specidt 
voIquiu of the different dflmeiitfl atand in dosa relation to their B.|omic 
weighlfl; If the atomic vrerghla of H, C, O, N, aod C\-=\, 0, fi, 11, and 30, 
the Rtomio volomw will L^ I, 3, 4, 7. and (correflpondfng ta a twofold 
and fourfold oondensationof the thermioebvulopa Burroonding the atoidd). 
Patting 0^100, LdwJg eattmatea tbeapedGc Folijiiie« of H=44, C=!32, 
N=3DV, — 178, Ae. But in orgHOEO cumpQundflj the volume of the 
hydrogen mnj be oondeua^ to |, j, aad ^^ whereby it is reduced from 44 
to 33t 32, or II. Id certain □rgantc compuundtf, the Tolumoa of the other 
elemeuta ahove-mentioQed, xtAj, beeidea thvee three condenutions, eufier 
■ <u>Dd«DBfctiun to I BJid \. — Eiunple ; Beniin, C^H', haa a apecific 
graritj of 0-85; itH atomic weight (0=100) Lb IS, 75 (atomio wdght of 
C) + 0.12-5 (atomio weight of H) = &5a; and 950-^0 33=1147 (dp. 
vol. calenlated from the ap. gr,, = 100), If uow we add together 
\2 sp, ToL. of carbon condensed to two-thirds, \ii.t 12 . 8S, and G ep. toI. 
of hydrogen condensed to one-half, viz.,0.22, we obtain aaum— 113^, 
which is (he apecifio volame of bantin- This calculated specific volume, 
however, is greater thsji that which ia obtained from the observcil specific 
gravity, and, therefore, the BpeciGe gravity obtained bj dividing the 
atomio weight by this apeoific Tolume, ia not the same aa the ap. gr. deter- 
mined bj experiment, but a smaller QDPiber, viz-, 0^831, 

Very important, if confirmed by further examples, would he LBwig's 
observation, that the ApeciGc volume of a compound is not altered by 
addition of aigen; e.g., Aldehyde, C*H*0'; atomic weight=44; sp- gr. 
at 18*=0-7il; and Acetio aci^, CHK)*; atomic wei;;ht=0O; ap. gr. at 
l*==10fl3; hence thosp.vd. of alddiyde^44-f-0 70=55-7, and Ibat of 
acetic acid=flO->-rO03=5fi^4. The agreement, however, is nut so great 
a« it appvare to \»; for the specific gravely of acetic scid is taken 102° 
below its boiling point, and that of aldehyde only ^ below; at 99" 
below the boiling point, the sp, gr. of the latter wonld bo inneh greater, 
aod, therefore, its speciSa volume much smaller, and accordingly differ- 
ing more widely FroiD that of acetia acid. On companng Oil of Turpeq- 
Une ^C"Hi', atomic weight 152; sp. gr. S7 ; boiling point 157''), 
CampW [C"H^'0', atomic weight 152' ap. fir. OSSO; boilipg point 
204"), and Camphoric acid (C"H"0'; atomic weight 200; BpeciGc gravity 
1-194; boiling pojpt 270'^), we find the apecific volume of Oil of Turpen- 
1iDe=150; of Camphor=I54, and of Camphoric Bcid=lfl7. SlrniLarly 
the speoifio volumes of ValeraJ, €"^'"0^ and Valorianio acid, C^H^^O^ 
are nearly=l03 and 103. These oalculKtions, therefore, aeem to agreo 
very well with the above-mentioned law of Lowjg relating to oxygen. 

With regard, however, to the general charactBr of Luwig's mode of 
calcubting ipeoific volumee anit epecific gravities, it is easy to aee that, 
riince the specific gravities of most orgaurc compounds lie between 0'300 
and 1'400, and conserinently tha range of variation does not eiccced 
0-000, and since, moreover, these cumpounda cODlnin Iho eamo elemenla 
in different proportions, while the specific gravities of the eFementa tbem- 
selvea probably vary but ilttle, it is not very HUrprining that the specific 
gravity of an organic componnd should admit of calculation within 
O'QIO (and sometimes even this degree of approiimation ie not attained), 
eapedally when wq take the specific volumes of tbe elementa somewhat 
Btbitiarily, and aesume ta ourselves tho liberty of imagining, when 
neceasary, ^at they are condensed in the compound to ^, |, \, ^, and \. 

Oh the whole^ indeed, when we consider that Kopp, Schrtder, and 
more npecially LSwig, proceed from Bssnmplious differing so widely ono 

E 2 



S2 



vt^vmiiLZ OF onc-isic couroE 



]fravUt?4 <nnv l>a rtfflitiv ilutcniiincik uwi^lnf \t hJ4 mpLhoJ, wc MOWl 
Lul ffcl {^juviiEL^mblfi iiiJklriiit •>( ^U tb*>fl MtcnpU. aiul vf (lie *o-<aflfJ 
tb'nry of atuinri' vulunu'^ alluLTiitlkpr- If ti^lictonr.' \h' rlgLL, tmLli thtt ndtr% 
tPUit \w yftottz Tn llir rarliitr uKi'miiln ici ifjIv*- (ill- iPC.t-li-iiif tit: 'tv- 
(npaDcLr* hf(wfrti) obscr^T-1 an*! rtili'iiliitr^^t ijionlli' j^iviitf**', irr^ altH- 
hnititii f* iliit uiiC(|iuil cipBriiSao '-•( iLiDbn^qt o^trnj^t^unit^ Iv \iritl \ \\\\\ ta'^ 
tli&t tliii Mruri^ uf iTrur biLi |jt'ni] raiiL4JVi.'il iu llie cjid uf Jii|ai>li. b# 

tliP linilmir [>»Tit, it r<^ hut rf^-ontililn Ka ^\^n^, tUjil olii^rtBlJon ud 
olculut^ou iliaaM ^^iz^ pinctT/; iucL hi>"DTor, it not ilio 
Id ibD Ibnui J uf Kgpp, ar tn tlttt of fivliKriicf uf Li^vle- 



I 



Ita 



liiuB U *IIId11|||' VollEllLlt llir^P itB Ihlui|141|l1* IVou'*' iK'['iJ[py 111 tlw fiv* Bta**, 

»iip|]unt]j{ tlitiu In Qtiit i<i c1>n ptaw>ni fgnn at lEio vkinc tMPpvnUH^ 
UM BDtItT tb« famo pivfttun) licnn. Id lUo FonofttiDn 4f iJi orSMH 
cnDipotJod, «iuJ«Qfl&tiuu ■twuyt ImVot "pit^v, aoJ miKrtgTvr iu l iIbi^ 
miu, 

la toint nw inttutfn. ihr* rntin vatumrA 'tS tho vlcmeqt^ tupiwHd 
Ki b« in Ibc jfuooDt »(Alc, nr* united mui oup vntumn nT tb# «ninp«<aiJ 
(kliu 111 Itiu ;;UK>iru* ■Inlv). T1i«i* 1 tul. 'if jr&AVi>i» oyano^u, CX, «••■ 
lacitf E ^ul livjiutlii'lioiJ ciirbuu*vD|ioitr nud I vul. iiitru^cii f^& T\* 
|:u of lliD ivj[iL|kuimd i* thprL'Torn mc^fiitoiujc, Lhnl ii lu ny. iho qiiitiWr 
bf tAoxiii' of Uir i^nmpnuiHi cm>rajtipil in I vul. trf tb« !{»■ h f^^^ " ^ 
niimli«r nf U^'|pn:^ii-fit(pji»ft i?i>ii[bjn4>l jid I »ol. hydrajETii ffiM. lli* flpMiitf 
pmiiiy ipf nil iir^usif ;fiiii lliii^ roDftUii^uil innj^ tbcnfoi** l« fMUid if 
n^Min;; lajlL-rliL-r iLid »|iivilic ^'mvllira of rli(< ^ui^oiii vlrjuanu^ \ht tftttm 
jgn%'ity of 4'4c1i i>r Ih^iiii, if ii [m ninnalnmic-, Ikuiiij; taken u inuijr tiBM 
V ibtirv urt Alooii of ih« qlciQVnt in iLs rompauQd, aittl Imlf &■ Diaaj 
linuH if itlw S4toniir. 

In moat ctuot hitt/ovist, lUc< entire valuoiu of ilic gateoiit oltmtUt 
■ft ubllfd JnLo t rafunlctof tliB nrfuiic cuai|)ouEid' 'I'h? pUfapouo J Ibvtt 
rvmu A ('aft^Bf or i/iniifiHii pi*, tlml Ia td «y. n tfiu wliicl^ m > gina 
laf^nii*, cobliiiiiA iii^lv hjiif at in'i'iy ilIijihi "f i\n' tvi^iKminl u llw itMV 
valuri;" at li^Llrnj^vn |;ii.^ <Ki|Llur4i uf tiyilrii^'Cft-cLtAni* l'lio>o Arf^n'r 
n>in|jikiiri']4 an* imiiihl^ hii>l Ui furi» 4 vormiii.-a uf fa^ur f'ii<f, tif.). In 
tli^fnia ihc tfirdfic £i%illY v( ll># orjfiLUJc |^ni i* oLlnid^i] u tbtnt\ ^ A 
ftjijing loi^lbur ilis ipou'lid E^kV'tici of lIi^i cuuuoi dlumtDb^ lad^l 
dlrtJiof ill* jiifui by U, 

Wo (DVM hfra roll lo luinJ llio bypulliew^ Uid il^pvrn tm |«frUi 
VfiL r of iMi Itantl-bMk NtpKtine lb« ivlamcA of fftiti : ibt: *ioiu 
flf ibr *faiiirLili in i]]i> cvAuiu vFiit* an ftiiTruiindDd Willi UiMniLie Mt^ 
lujM'ji 4>f t^noiLi BinHi, l||4.-ii uf tlitt xdjilnir-AtriniK^irn tlid mfeJldal; ikaitt 
(»f tlio ftijijFn-^ pbfl-|i!iortiP< , mill nTwnlc-itrinn. iTo 2 tiiM« M lHt>i 
«nJ lbi«r rif fLjiiroj^fOn TLJtrDj;«D. «blurtiic. brumlue^ lodinr, Aft, 6 lliiW 
«t lu;rv : i^r in utb^F vonlf, ■ frfuo tt'liicb cunUJui J . x At b^rdfunH, 
bUnfCd, tlluiiuf, l£„ 10 Ibn j^A>fauk 'UFr, will nonUio J - 1 AL uVflM* 
A:l'^ and U . K At Hlptmr (pjl ih<*c •uh'UuiiN'4 ^•f'injc •o|apai^tl to » ia 
thf (^t^oui Biate. ddhI 14 ttitiol tdtapentDPn ui'l prcMim*). 1/ |V« 
LjJnigtn i,^(,Af.« Icdrioil lULnmLauijr, oxygvn fu irill bo f-atAruif and 



I 



WKCmC GRAVITT. 



53 



snlphnr-TupoDT ff-atomic* Garbon-Taponr, whicb doubtless exiats above 
ih eertHio tempemtDn, ia bypotliBlically Biipp«?d (o beJoDg to the tomi- 
atomic gues, and accordingly jte ap. gt. is by □aJau]HLioii=0-4l60, tb>t 
of air being I'OOO, Many olber cbemfsta, bowerer, regatJ darbon- 
vftpour aa £4tomJc, and accordingly make ita Bp. gr.=0'fi32Q, 

Tbe foliowing are ex4mp|« of the calcnUtion of the apccific gravUici 
uf diatomic orgaoic gases. 



ManA-faa. 
At. Vol. DeniltT. 

C-*apoar 2 .... 2 „. 08320 

H.g^ „„. i ^.. 4 .,., 03J;2 

0-S"» 


Or/ iffTVrpciiliitt. 
At. VqI, remily. 
20 .... ao ... 83200 
16 .... Ifi .... 1-lOBB 


At. 

4 
G 
! 


Val. DAflitj' 
.. 4 .... l'66ia 
.. 6 .... 0-4L» 
.. 1 ... I'1093 


Off, Campouml 1-^2 L-1093 


1 .... 2 ,„. 9-42Bfl 


J 


^ 2 „_ 3iafll 


Vp(var-dFDiit7„.. 0-534tt 


47114 


I'SHA 



The 2 At. o:(jgen in the alcohuL, entrr as only 1 vol- of gM, inasmnch 
n4 oxygen ia a 2-»toniio gaa. It a]>peat9 thm tbat in matsh-gaSj for 
example, 2 AL C. ate umtfd irilh 4 At, II. fa farm 1 At. marsh-gu, 
wbicb, in tbo gawoue atfrt? occupies 2 volunioa; tbeue tno voloineB 
vejgh 1-1002; consequently, the weight of 1 volnice, or the epcciflc 

Kmvily of the goa is 1 '1092-f-2=0'Ao46 (the sp^ gr. of air^l 00(H))- 
ence I At. niarsb-gu occupies twicou large a space as 1 At. hydrogen j 
Of * space which wouli) include 1 . i At. hydrogen, contoinB only j . x 
At. mardh-gas. If (hen hydrogen gas be caHed moniLtomic, mprsh-gas 
mn«t be diatomio. 

Other cbeioisLB make the atomic weight of hydrogen only half as 

Sreat^ and the specific gtavity uf rarbon- vapour, not=:O^410 as in thia 
fand-bcok, bnt=0'fl32 (supposing it lo be 2- atomic, like oxygen gae): 
on ihesu hypotheses the preceding table will be aUered as follows : 





Manh-ffoi. 


Oil of TVryrHiint. 




Alcohol. 




At. Vol. DensiCr. 


At. Vol. Drna^ty. 


At, 


Vol. DrniiCy. 


C-TaponT 


. Z ... i .... I'CG'ia 


Za -„ 20 ..., 16C40U 


4 


. 1 . 3JZP0 


U-fu 


.. B .... 8 .... 0'£M4 


32 .,.. 32 .... 2-^176 


IZ 


.. n ... 0'fi3ia 




■ 




Z 


.. 2 .. 2-21 8ft 



4 _ 2-2184 



0-U4ft 



ia-853ft 



4'7H4 



6 3782 
1-^943 



According to this theory, the elements form, bylUcir combination, youi' 
volumea of oi^nic gas ; hence the often occurring expteaaioo that most 
(or all) organic eompouuds form 4 volumes of vapour. In this GyBtem, 
therefore, an orgnnLc compound of 4 tuL gas or vapour is equi^'aJent to 
that which in the present Iland-book is JesignaTed as an organic com- 
pound, vhose gas or vapour is ^-atomic or diatomic. The origin of the 
tiiflorcnco is, that in the fitst-mcntioned mode of calculation, the volume 
of an atoni of any organic compound, in the guieoae blate, is compared 
with the volume of 1 At. hydrogen io the fonn of gas, and in the lost- 
mentioned, with the ToluuLe uf I At, oiygcu m the gaseous state. 

■ ArVflrdlBB Id Konn'i cipcrJEQeDU, idlphor-npaar k 2-iL«dG hke oxf^tn ^u. 
(See aoCe, p. 2^0 




nortimcs or oiajutic ooufol-xds. 



0. C «iJH = 100": a; 5 : «ei«<« : a - (. Ill* •T' ^> •IomIw*' 



lb* 






gnid «f etHwo-tipflur mill !■• *l"iibl*i wit, 4 t*L dMtf*-VBf«t (■ 



mwh-E^i, «0 tn oil 



il of lui 



tIl, 47«>ri^in, ■»«]irr, <«vA 



AL Vol. Vtfiiij, 

t^, a -- * „- ortw 






.*?»■ 



C -.„<-- 4 ^ I OWd I C ^ 1 _ » __ 

o_i _*^ o->Me ' - * ^ It ^ i-4<» 



1 ^ 



i-*n7« 



I — I „ atitl 



t . 1 ^ 4'»H 



BlvDKflIvy fftH* h e-^iikl (u thu npniflc L;nvjtr of iLc wgiBlgCOMf nwj 
ia ibsffiMwa iUUl I^ucrji tfii'4<|jtigti« m>ui Ibn rule say tn lotal <«iH 
b« mnuvr4 Ijv ilonUin^- ikn lUnmir Hi^ijfhS: ihtt*, allitr aiBj tw wriUm: 

nfioar of ui orc^nio TsnipaDBil, wbcn il4 iLouiiv U luk^ii uAr ibt 
IrfiiJiirg |iuiii(, 1> TuubJ Lo I'L^aUkiu \ (u muj klanu la a citn toIuid* •■ 
bjnJnudu ff*K Uul llio fu-rtliur bbuvo iht- niTiRjE point lUe jHcraiiDMin 
14 mMf. t£« ninv itfarijr tlot* dt'i limBitir. it* oniH^ar^Qcv cif an ulcimh 
in ibv nto of vi(M«Jnti, jpj'riu^^h t^ tbatafB i\uunmtp»- 

If tbe viiKmr cf aeeitc oi^id CIL'O' bo rc^udodai muoniek «*IcvU' 
u'ob fiTH iu tpHlfl* gravity «« fuLlv** : 



l-ltM 



41U* 



»-o;rt 



Bat Dunw (Amm. ?ltfr«i. 87, I3S] foiina iht rp, gr. ftf x^(^<* ■'r' 
vapour lobndTi. N<rv | of 4'15TJS = S;::^*; liwro DonMH«'i"-'lttJ^ 
lljHi Uifi noda of oondenuiiiicj In wUr vu'i u tlifforcnt rn>n llut wLwl 
lakM plaot ia viLvr urjpJiiv c«>ibp4UD'l>, llio ««|*obr (icini; ru fart a> 
dffuMif inia 8 iniAtwl of « rulupi«i^ TjiuuUrlv. Siaaa fouBil CCWnpi 
rt«pf- ID, TCT; aW J. jv. CWa. 38. 4331 Ibal Uiv tp. ip.tit h«1w adi 
¥*pniir *t MmpvTiEQiCv r>ul<r»LTD ISir ui JUT', Tiirir* Wn J 7f lo t^l^. 
hlitJ. b«if<v<t. Wtri fituuLl Ely r«limin (r\,mtpt -fW, le, 7TI; ^ 
X w. £'Arb^>l;t, 4KJ iliBl wWlbL< iitmt it nJiM NuuJoaUy tbrvcOv 
balling iHiiat. L^v . iJic anomivty ai«|>iicaii, Acci>fTi:if lo kW npttl' 
MBU.lk4 vpMlflc f:r»ti(y <if luwlii; */i<t vt^pur «.f US' id swl to V'T^ 
bat aillD'. U it I Hi in Uknilipr T*oinwn *4 acMte miiI, Iht 



t>l 



*'•» 



V t'-an^ ti) ht V'll Tint Wi uuuibrf ovtmpacuti al*iut rxKih 
»* At ««l<uluJ4ii aboti* j{»*ta. F-naUy. CaU^ttn hii «fo>v {Cmri 
mtd. Jt, TTl; alio ^. jv. £!&«. Sa, 4S7; fitihft: drn/d. rrimiM, M; 



229* 2*9' 2«1° 29^ 310" 


33(r 


322 310 3 07 3-0? 30? 


3 07 



BOILING POINT. 65 

also 2^. J. Pharrn. 7, 120; niao Pa^^. 65, 420) thit this anomaly Aie- 
appean when the specific gravity of the vapour is taken at ^eiist 100° 
ftWe the boiling poJnt of aoelio acid. Cloaa atote the hoiling point, 
th« donejty, as fihevn bj the foUuwiDg; table, is otcd grc&ter than it 
ehoaid be fur a t-atomto Taponr, or a Tanonr of a Fotnmea. Thia density 
diminiBhcd as the temperature rioes, till, at 250*, it becomea eqiiaJ to 
that of a diaitomic g&n, after which !t is Dot altered by further rise of 
lempemture : 

Tflcpentan IM- lao" MO' IM' I61V iJV I9tt' 200' 219' SSO' 

T>ataj 320 3'IZ 2-90 275 2 48 2*2 2 JO 221 217 2-09 

TemptiTloni _. ,. 250' 2S0'* ZOO" 330* 

TlPMily 20S 208 20& 2-98 

Similarly with bntyric aeid, which boile at 104°. Tho ubulated ilenaitj 
of its vapoar, auppofling it to be diatoraic, is 3^0505^ but, according to 
Cahonn, its density Tariea with the temperature ae follons: 

Tmpmlnn ITJ' 209' 

DeniHj , 3-68 3 4* 

Valerianic acid behavea in a aimilar manner to bntyrio acid, but it« 
Tarntiono are not so groat- (CaboDrs.) 

The vaponr of aaiBe-catnijhDr, O^H^Hfi, which hoWa at 322°, baa a 
calculateil donHity of 5'130l, supposing it to be diatomic. Bnt Cahoun 
obseTTod the following variations : 

TempcTtture 245° 200" 2"0" J25' 338' 

Denily- 508 V73 5fi4 522 M9 

Formic acid, whicb boila at tl9°. likE^wiflc CThihitf too great a vaponr- 
densily just above it« boiling potntr Hegarding the vapoar as diatumLC, 
Iho cakulatfld density is 1^5946; but Dumaa found it to vary betwoon 
3-ld and 2 14 at temperatures betveen 115" and U8% and Bincau fonnd 

it = 2125 at nr. 

On the other hand, wood-ffpirit, alcohol, ether^ fuad-oil, aad meet 
componnd ethen, exhibit the density of diatomic gadCB just above their 
oiliDg points. (C&hours,) 

B. BoiuNO PoiNT^^Otguiic ccmponnda are more volatile in propor- 
tioD aa Uiey contain a greater number of atooiB of bydrofcn, and a 
smaller number of atoms of <:arbon, oxygen, and nitrogen. Of polymeri*^ 
compounds, the one whose couipoond atom contains the Amallest number 
of efemenlary atoms ia aLwavs the most volatile. 

The builing compound ol an organic mmponnd id higher by r ^ 10^ 
than that of another organic compound, when the former, — with an otbsr- 
wise aimilar composition — coataina r . C^H^ more than the latter' (Kopp.) 

Tliie is fihown by the following examples: 

C'lTO* =FonDiCfc™l ., , 99" 

OH*0* =A«tic»cii 120* 

C«H»0* -Bgtyric-dHi }6t' 

CH^O* = Vtknihif uid 175" 

C"H"0*= CaproicBcld 2*2'' 

CH'K** = Uprriic *ciil -.... 236' 



BfjtPft- 


CdeoklvlDtff. 


19" 


1 . 19"= 19' 


65" 


3 . 19° = 57' 


76* 


4 . 19' -^ 76' 


]Q3' 


5 . 19*= 9V 


137° . 


7 . 19" -^133 



£6 



rnOPERTlTlS OF CRGAKJC COMPOUXDS. 



ITItHl* - Wood.«(hl tou' 

C*UV -AlvVd 7Ti' 

G'llBtPl t^JTaul qU IH" 



1 . If- If 

4 - 1^" -» ;f 






cuo e,F, 

1 « 2 AThImjI.^ MM,,, IS 

4 4 i A(«<l0Vi9 ...- IIFt 

A R 4 Ai^k"!!^ - . N 

# ■ 4 A'^LlPrtUtf -, 74 



C II O B.P> 

ID II ^ |-g»LaLl »,. 1» 

li> li] 4 VftWlJinld iirtd i;b 

14 14 I AfKUr of AH»p] , 1-11 
14 14 4 V«lMii4iie »lkr> - n Ul 
4>'ll"l IfpirivdalPnTl'ii;] las 



A< tU^ noron-l «riat mnUini OCMf'' morn tban Iho 6r«(r "lin Hifli'Tflintr 
bcLVHfi iht t>r<Ll]&^ polbiB iliouTd be S . IQ=S*'', afuultncttrlv i^l^rntlr^T 

Thii HiiDii Uw i> jilmi xppraiiinitbflf ''Einnrmixl hy tviwiKHfiwi •>( Hhi 




BWDl 

FuiHi'l . .., . 



C 
Iff 
14 
111 

30 



• 
If 
14 
S4 



Tlid fullowiti^ iinr leva itci^Dnlbiit l 






C 
l« 
17 

3J 



U 

IP 
1^ 

iftr 

Si 
3> 



lU* 
iTi* 



Ilf 
lu* 



B^- pin*. 
. IV- 101- 
, 19'- HI* 
. IV - Ifil' 
. l9<-»«- 



I 



-IV- vf 
. i»-ia4^ 
. It*' iif 



jv-iiit [iiL>ra lli^u 111'; Eioih'l' !tclir^Jor oMiimM HtS' t* tUn mil Sncraiunnti 
H U*" uiimlior ]:i wcro o-ifwi In %\l aiM, <1jp 'llnViivu"^ lioi"«o i 

Mrlca Voulil tfIh4T* bi' ^ . ]|I = .ST', IrtH^Ua* ihv mnElllflitJ rjf lIlD UtLfff 
iflriH (lifforfriLiLi [Jukviiff i7>if<iriiiPT,orp1v 1iy<"inUinht|j ^'tl' in aiMilt^m, 
Big Ibo ilJlFfrciion nf ttmiypnian la oUett i^^v-\t"r. tml vdiiH In iliAcrvhl 
Qtcastv*. 



cnro" 


ai* 


4:'Wa 


11* 


C'H-^ 


as- 


CITO.W .. 


IV 



«AC«HHia 


iw^rrt 


IHK 


cm»w _ 


M' 


!4* 


c^i"a 


i«r — 


Bl* 


t^^H^W 


llf — 


■!• 


C*HnO,yO^ .^ 


«■ .. 


jr 



boiluf pcAht of « mnpauii'l b> *but IV*, [■ urpdrinrU 1114 tmtitlj sf 



DOILIHd POINT, 57 

nDidbeT is Qot fonDd to be exact, Schroder aupposea tbat m tnaov 
Gompoqcda, M in tlifl ethjlic and mpthjlio ethers, the inflnopcQ of CH' 
un the boiling point amountfl to about 16', and in the Acidi to 31°. 
Kopp attribntfiu thew discrepanciea to want af accuracy in delarmiDing 
tho boiling points of the compared coDipoLinda. Pot in the greater 
unmber of inHtancea, the mnditione for oiacl dclennination of the boiling 
points were not observed, such aa eonstant atmuspherio prcsauro fotre- 
apunding to 0'76 mctr., the iDtrodaction of platinum wire into the liquid, 
and tho immersion of the tliennometer in the veaeel, so that the atem 
may bo completely iorronnded with vapour, the vapour boiu^ allowed to 
eacape by a tube parsing through the cotIc. fFor/arlhflE obBerratioiu on 
this matter, vid. Kopp, Cfum. Soc. Q. J. 3, 104.) 

In compouniU consiating wholly of carbon and bydrogon, each addi- 
tloaal double atom of carbon which enters, raiaes tha boiling point by a 
quantity varying from 25'^ to 35 5^, and each doubU atom of hydntgan 
lowers it by 13°. (Gerhardt.) This agreee very uearlv with Kopp'H 
supposition that Bach addition of (?«' raises tbs boiling point 19^; 
for 35-15=20. 

In auEculatiug the boiling points of theso compounds, vo may stiut 
from oil of turpentJue. To liud frum this the boiling point of another 
fajdro-carbou of known cumpOBition, it is necessary £rst to detorniine the 
dilTorence of C* and H^ As many times as the compound in question 
contains C^, more or less than oil of turpentint^, bo mnny timea 35^ must 
be addcil to or snhtracl^ from tho boiling point of oil of turpentine; and, 
BB many times lU the compnuud contains 11^ more or lesfi, bo many timea 
J5° must bo taken from or added to the bailing point. 

Thus, Oymenc, C"H'\ contains 2H less than oil cf turpentine, whence 
its boiling pnjut should he JS" higher^ now IflO^+lS^^lTS^ (Ohaer- 
vatioD givca in fact 175°. ) — Cumtne, C^'H^*, contains 20 and 4H ^eas 
than oil of turpentine 1 180—35+2 . li=154, (ObBeTvation |:ivea 153^) 
— NapbllialJD, C"^H", contains 8K less than oil of turpentine \ 160-]- 
4 . 15=^220. (Observation pves 221^.) Styrol, C"H' conLaina 40 and 
SH less than ojl of turpentine, 160— Z . 3-3 + 4 , 15=150^ (Observation 
given lir.) 

In those caaes in which this mode of calculation does not give the 
boiling point correctly, the difference may arise partly from im]]urity iu 
the hydrocarbon whose boiling point wns detei-ciined (na, for exampte, 
vhcn jt conlnin? a small quantity of an oxidized hydrocarbon, which 
raises tho boiling point), partly from the fact that many hydrocac-bona are 
altered by ebullition^ in such a mn-uner that tlieir boiling points are raisedt 
— and partly from want of due care in determining the bailing polnL 
(Gerhudt, A". Ann. Chim.Fkys. H, 107; obo J. pr. C.^an. 35, 300,— 
Cof^pi. raid. inen4ueU, I, 77-) 

A compound which contains CW more than another, boils 52' higher, 

SSchri^er.) AccordJog to Qerhardt's law, the difierence should be 5^'} 
or 2 . 35 — 15 = 55. 

b. P, Diff. 

CioMmIc Kid CWH^O „„ 293" 

BfluoicKJd Ci'HK>' ., 2311" 



|=. 



CinflMic ether ....__ C=HJ=0' .... 260* 

BeMMCfihn C^H'O* ... ZOi" 

Cinntmne ^-, CH' .... Ui^ 



Beniol .^ C"H' ..„ 8fi" } "' 



Sh 



rnOPERTlES OV ORGAStC COWPOrMDS. 






AH^lIlll. Lif Amy! t:i-H''t>,C"H''I>' =ti'HJ'0* 



} 



•r 



«r 







•pandiiigft]i!i<li(jl, whii^Ii iliiTvn from Tlifr opM b^ conUhiDf 7%t more aixF 
(^11*0' (W- Abwbol CIW -* Jf] 



Viiartimk »old C^'^y 

ruid-aU CHiHy 



in* 

ir 



TliB •amo Jiffcreup* of 40* b iWnd httwpcn <^iiininfil, C*H"0', 

bflwob OAtid ntbor Cl|*0^ whinli ^niiW at 74', uiil mmanD Mbffp.f 

nnntaiD'nf 20 uioir ftuil ?II 1»a tliitu Uid ■ci'umJ. (^«^r'M|l^^} 

Tbe boiling poinl «f jm acul U US' hit;|i(iT i^hq ifaa uf iIia «EhAr irlad 
it fomu vilb HEKHl-tpiriE. hwt «4" hl^fh'i [linn thni ■>( Lh* »Lhpr 
fiiTiiiJi willi ■l«bnE, (Rn'ifilthAT, Ann. Phiwrrn. Iff, 'iTl, Kt-i-f,) 



aKoTlbc 



FurrnLd kii) -^„^,.^,..^ 
A«» .rta ... 

UBriU Mill . . 

ClaMAteaMi 






B.P. i>rto 

ar . 



DHT. 

fir 
u 

At 

ai 
as 

41 

ti 



n. r "f II* 

^ Mf 
.. H 

.. 110 

- m 

lU 



I 



tKt. 

♦r 

4* 

u 
*t 

u 
n 



«rlb i*§ard to ihoM ilcj^Ij » h-a^ hmiiiig poinl* itm hjjU ^ad iLMmhf9 
iliftUinli lo dviamunt with ntocioM*. ^ 

^Qminuihl rtlipn vbidb ua ntDtvnurio viUi wih ntbtr^kT* v\mi 

\nH\mji ]Miiii1f (KnpnJ 

«tbvl,C'll«/?nO>>■lA5^1^ f«nBiftea*rfMiivlC-H^^fl.OH0',« HA'; 



BOILING FOTNT- 59 

etbar which i' m^binm-io vith jt^ though the vsponrs of both compoandj 
ikTe diatomic (Kopp.) 

Acrtictcid C*H'0 .... 120* \ ^,„ 

VonaiAW ot mttitjX CH^.CHO" .. 27'^ } "* 

Bnrjriciad , , „„ CH-C ,... IC4" I ^^^ 



AwUtoofrtLjl CH*0,C*H"0* 

Tikric und C^H^O* .... 1?3' 

BntrrtlflofmethTl (?H>O,C«m0' .... 102* 



Schrbder {Poff^^ G^, IB* And 331, more fnllj in a epecial work, 
Muinh. 1S41) imftgitLoa 'organic oompoiiDda to be emapoKd of bjAtogea 
and oertftin binuy componndfl which bo alia Compojienti- Eftch of theae 
compocLOiita Bierts b detsminate lafluence on the boiliag poiat tiithor to 
r^isB QT to doprcBfi it. 

K*^ Bikydrogm, lowers the boiling poiDl^ by 3". All other codi- 
poneata raiHO the boiling point; H'O', water of hydration, by IIS'S"; 
C0\ cariMmic oxUte, by 57"; C"0*, Mrftonic orif, byflO*; formyl, by 52"'; 
CH", !d tho form of metAylfTU!, by 21^, and C?H" in the form ofciayl, 
by IT", 

To Cftlcntata the bailing paint of a:iy compoaod, we may set out 
from BeDEol=C"H» (=3 : C*}l*=Tri/ormyl). SioM this compound 
boils at B6*, and moreoTer 3 . CH* muflt raiae the boiling point by 
3 ' 52= 15fi% the ioflueuce of the triformyl = lSfl^ mnat be deducted 
from tbo boiling point 2^6^ leAVing — 70'' ; and to thia — 70"*, must 
be added the influence of the oomponontA uf the compound wbose boil- 
ing point ia aought. If, for cianiple, the compound ia Gaontchin = 
Ca*, coneiating of 4 At, methviene, we must add 4 . 21 77S4 to the 
— 70% which malECB the' boiling point of caoutchln ^ 14" (by obseF- 
vntion it » I4'5), Similarly, alcohol = bihydrate of elayl = arH'+ 
HK)'i therefore, 2 . 17+113-5 = 147'5i 147'i(— 70° = +77-5"— boil- 
ing point of alcohol (by obsorration, TS"")- 

Hence, to find ibe boiling point of an nrg&oTc coniponnd^ we muat 
reeolvo it, iu the moat oauTenient muiner, into its compoDeutBt eatLmate 
their aggregate efiect npon the bailing point, and diminiab the sum 
by 70". 

The table calculated by thia method gives nsnlts agreeing rery 
cloeely with QburratioD ; it muat not, however, be forgotten that, aa 
oecaaion requires, C^H^ is sometimea introduced bb methylene, with an 
influonco of 21", somotimoa ae elayl with an influence ef 17% eometiuies 
eren in both capacities in the same compound; thus, fuael-oil, C''H"0^, 
ia regarded aa a compound of C^K" in the form of methylene, 4C"H' !p 
the form of elayl, and H'O', while Taleriauic acid, C'^H'^O*, a compound 
iiitimalely related to it, is tuppoeod to conaiat of 2 methylone and 2 elayt 
with CO' and H'O*. NeverlbeJeaa, it is not with all oampound? Ihnt thia 
method ylelde Batiafactorr reanlta. For inalance, aldehyde, C'H^O% may 
he regarded eilher aa C*H^ + H'0^, in which case tho cafcuUtion will be: 
ae'+lia-S"— 70"=+95-5',~or aa C"0' + C^H> + H*, which givea 57 + 
21— 3— 70=+5''. Thus, the calculation glvea for the boiling point of 
aldehyde, either 95-5' or 5'', whereas the actual boiling point ia 31^ 
In a similar manner, acetoDO gives either too bigli or loo low a point, 
according to the cojnponenta of which it ia auppoaed to be formed. 
KeTerthleaa, the agreement which eiista in many cases, indncea the 
■□ppoiition that thia theory hu some foundation in ^ct, and ao far would 



•0 T-^-*ZITIL5 or 0B&i5lC tOMtOCXa^ 

Ftii} bi'ji r^->L ere if irriTir T^mT'-VnAf *g» >fl« HTpared to 1m duJ« 

ijl» t'f lilt c.itjicc^^i? i.!-:Tt nrffiiaiii"*^;. 

i-aji^-^i :-f ^£iM M ;i^ "'■:tl±.r T-.-i:; !<■ tbcr r^^Bcnts. Aecordnff to 
jn.l eaph iV:!^ 1; -i^ ;■■' irrr^ O . ii-'. Tlrt niB of lii«ie uiflncaec*, 




10 t3^ fanri«. C^*" !^+« Uie ^-::iJi£ pr'SnT tj «>-: ircarding to the 
biifr viev, O niset i: \r ^.. a;! ^(Ji' by S^. ibr «iui of whirh ii 
i^J*-: iffwiicc TO lb* f mtr, OH- ni»«t it br 33^ ; ucDhJing lo tbfl 
laiipr, ^O n]»«f h It f^\ uti H' ij^lO- ibe mn of vbieli ii iS'; 
■nvrJin^ lo Tb? fc<nD«r i^o-rr. 0-H- nisH JT. nmediiwi br 1fi~ ■mnttiinV 
lir 21-: iffflrdinr \o tLp liiifr It SI— lOj «" -l'- In'HH>\ howerer, 
tuero 19 1 reiDAr^ablf <i.£irfz.-rf^ iiiuniTifb ■£. ucordiDg to tfap fbniR 
ibwrr. ii niwd tht WiV-HZ i-^ini 113'3\ Tbfm«. apcordiDf to tbfl 
latl^. lb? iuojvi-o vkith h i>n-iLir« ii cdIt -9~ — 10~=19~; aiut henA, 
pprhapf, ii cbie^T an»» li.ai rjiti irru^ lo Tbc fn^l"" noTDbrr ti 
compi^DDii^. ilif' laiuT i}^^-iiri' ^v» leat mi&hrrt*ry mnlti ihaii tba 
fi»nner. ^^'ilh thf LvJr^i-^r^-t:^ ibt DcmbcTC oLtvnrd irv eatis&cUirT. 
Thu-«, Bonzol. C -H'. wLich U:i^ ai >«". c5t« ^« . 31—3, 10— 70|, 
hJiich is nciiullT equal lo St!' : l^'rarvl, C"H\ vhirk boils it IW, 
pre* (7 . 31 — <"- 10— Ti»^ CljbiI v- KiT": indCrTene C=H" wtirh boili 
.11 ^T.V. L'i^T^* 'I'' ' ^". — i'^ - H' — T'-' IT 276", — But in mo*! cxy^n- 
ri»in]H'im<^t, ibp f^ilrulr.:!-.; ^i-^'^l;? ('..^-rr v^^iclv ir-a ibcw of ob^rvaliun. 
1( jji irn.' tli:ii iili(?r. t'"H :'\ vVf'n U^ils ai 5V. five^ m AliefidnrT 
ri'^iilir 4i-.-r4 . ^n^Il!*. O-r^:-::-: .■■» = -.M"': 124 --JO — 5rt = lU3; 
Ju:< — 70— S.-*. Bui Ttith f.ip^\' nti.i. wliirh Wil^ at nfl", ralculntioD 
pJar*-- iLr U-iliiii' j-i'Mi: u; 1]', ihai is lk» .^ir. tj-" joo low; iii*i ermi- 
larlv. ill tlic i:iTOtiT ntiuiT-i r * f ''iv-. ]i-Ofn]j>'iiinlf. ihe mlrulaipd boiliui; 
]K»iTii i> nmrli lintrr ^i■■ citiiii.i? Iv i!\-:<' llmu lI'O ) llmu that w^iicb i» 
^'ivrii W oliM'fvaij.'TL t^-Lr^.lrr -^.^'j^.^t-r- ilot. Id ^rtain riniipDandi 
i-Dn[]iiTiJik<2 "Wjtn. tl,i- fj»T:n;ii ?-^iiX'iinir- c^rrt* iwice^ and wmrliiuev 
fiuic (ifiir-* ;i* ■rr'jl mi iLrtis-'tifc a^ in fvmi.ii oihor?. 1. r, that tf 
frcifUnitlv rair-e^ ibe k'ilin^ j'.'in: l-v ''" ••t 1}(- . in-ipjd i»Fcinl_v 2ii . 

Ac'or.liii;r t" Lj-k.: (''■-/- *''\ ~^'V\ 1 M. H h^rtn ilip boilinjr 
jMiiiiT t^f a r<im|" i i:il bv "■■•-■1 : I At. C ra:si? ii It 3j*'*-; ard 1 At. O 
I'iibiT iai-<':' it hv :?> -.-r l.■w,■^^ it liT :?■]'. a«iiri3inL' lo tbc pr«i(rr or 
Ii»i KHiLHli'Eir^lii'ii "f ilio li-^i.]urn<^ ill ]]['' r--iiM-i<im-lr Thi' »uiii ihur 
i.biaitir'i] JH EiiiE t<i be dliiMiiL-liiNi bv 7^^ or :iiiy uihcr iiiidiIk-t, «^p. — 
Atcvitvlinv Tl^ tIiIt. tliC"Tv, nijiT-h ;::i' ^ln-iiUi bi'il at — 40 or — 20", accdpb 
iijH:lv a- It i- irpanl.d iir- f-H' "t ( ]M- li'.'^P 4 - 1 ilfi 2= - 40: oj-, 
:IS 4 — J . :>!i 'J=: — ^"1. rici 7ib C ■}[ , ?b<niM b"i! a( ^fiiG' iiifloaj 
of hii (l:i . "L^ 4 — fJ , 2;V2 = 2^.-' «1. Ao. Cm/', SilmMlcr (/'cj^. Ctf, 
23UJ. 

Tho lrt»iLin? pi»ih1 iiiircli^-Ti bi" liiibt-rTo bci>n In^itfil »r1n»ivcTv 
rordiii^ Iv ibf Rii1irLil-i|ie4^r\\ ami Lii^i afionbiii; I" ibc nuclciu-lb'Mrr. 
)§f XhvnttfTe, a ijucFliun Kliflbi.T ibi' laccr luvy not nfianL » furlbcr 



BOILING POINT. 61 

olne to iU wluLioUf aod «b«ther, bj ubigaiag to tbe hydrofeii Aud 
oxygen within (he Ducleu ik ili€bFen£ vnouut of iafliienco from tint 
which 19 exortfid by tho same elemonta without the nucleoB, we may not 
BDCCfied in diGCDVeritig » univereal law- That thia circumstauco is of 
importance may be seen from the followiD^ tacts : Salicyloua aciJ and 
bencoic acid have the ramij empirical fiirniiita ^C'H'O'; bat the funuer 
hoi\B at 19a^, the latter at 239''. The differenc^^ of 4^° le too gr^at to be 
attributed to error of observatinii, and must, together with the otLer 
Htrihing diflercncea in the properties of the two ncLda, be attribated to 
differeuce of mnatitntian. BeimiiC aoid is bUpposed by Laurent to roo- 
tnin the nudeua benEone, C'*H', *bich, together with 40 ei^lemally 
situated, forma beiiEoia aeid, C"SI*,0* ; but aalicylous acid is supposed t^ 
be formed apou a djfierent primary nucleus, C'*II* {poaHfbly ideotical 
with draoyl). A eecoudary nucleua, C^*H*0^ derived fioin this by the 
AdbfttitotioTi of SO for 2H, rorms, with 2 additional atoms of oiygenf the 
compoDod C''H*0*,0*f which belong to the aldehyde type, may be com- 
pared with bitter almond oil, C"H"0^ and moreover requires (he addition 
of 20 to eoDvert it into ao acid actually comparable with benEolo acid, 
TIL, BsJicylic acid, C^^HK)\0^' It appeare, theu, that the circumBtance 
of benzoic acid huTJog 40 without the nnclena, and ealicylous acid 20 
within and 20 without, pnKlucEB a dtflerence of properties, &nd among 
Uie real in the boiling point; luoroover it aeems lo follow, from this 
example, that oxygen within the uiicleas raisee lUe boiling point Icda 
than oiygen without. Id connectioD with this mrklter, vfe migtit further 
examine, and perhaps decide, the question, as lo whethfr benuiie and 
aalicylous acid should ho cipre^i^ed, aa in Laarent'd ajBtem, by the for- 
muIiB CH'^O* and CH'0^O^ or, according t/i tho principles explained 
on pages 30—37, by C''H»0,nO>, and C^*H»0',HO. 

By voy of example, we maj take the fallowing attempt to calenUle 
bailing pointo Acconliug to the fariuer of ChoGO (wo views, the results of 
which are tolerably satisfaclory. The boiling point of the C and H in 
the nucleus h first determined according to Gerhardt'a method (p. 57), 
It is further empirically OfBnmed, from calcnlatione of the boiling poinU 
of different compoonds, that 0^ within the nndeUB mifcs ihe boiling 
point 25'*; that the first O^ without the nocleua raises it 5(f (in fiome 
rare cafies, as in that of phenic acid^ the rise thereby produced amounts 
to lOO*); and that the following 0* without the nucleus raises it 100'' 
(rarely, as in benzoic acid, only 50'). H^O^ without the nticlcuB raUos 
the boiiing point 100°. The obaervod boiling point is placed in brackeU 
before the calculated value ; 

Ponmcudd.CH^-^O' Wood-iprntCHUlPO* Acrtk Mid, C'H*+ O" 

CH' - 30" C^H'-- 30° C*H' - 30° 

C whbont - aO' HK>* -h IOB" CP withonl -h 50» 

*ynl[hout +100* O'wiiboiil *-100" 

(60") + 58- 

on tlOO- U^°) +l!'>' 

Alcohol, C*a'-tHKf^ Aldetjde, C'H'+0= Boljric *ad, CH»^-0^ 

C*H* - SO" CH* -30» CH * 10' 

H'O" +loa° O'wiihonI tiO' C wittoal + 50° 



O^tiihodt +10O* 



(re*) +7B* (21") +20° 



(itrj-) -I iw 



u 



FfiOPEH'nES OP OROAMC COMPOUNDS. 



D^witfaaut Aa> 
CP wilhont 100' 



(ITS') 190» 

CiprTlicidd, C^Hi'tO* 
CH" 90* 

(V Dilhout 100' 

(US') 240' 

Uedtie-etheT, C"H>*40* 



CUfRw SO* 



(IW) 138" 



C"H> 45- 

0>w|iUd sa* 

(92°) 120' 
Acrolen<C^I*+0' 
<y nithoui SO' 
(52') ^&' 



Caproio nd, CB'* * 0* 
C^H" M* 

09 wMHnt rOO* 

[OTI"*) EWI* 

MfitMctocM, €■!!■ + 0* 

O* without 50' 
(84^ 80* 



c*H' a* 

O viihoat AD* 
0*wttb«t 100* 

(^»Te 100°) lU' 



PjrogiJlic va. C^HHfi + 0* PliBiUc arid, C™H»^- C SiUcjIdu kM, C'^HHI' +0^ 

a^a' 9i' CH' 3&' C"U' IW 

O^ irit>>iD S£' O^ iriLhoDt IGQ* Q^wLchui 2^** 

Cwiiboot iOO* OwiUKrat 50* 

(18&") ISV 

(no*) 2M» (196°) aoa* 

BfliuatGtcid,C"HHO* BilUr Blmand <^, C'lH' + O' CinDADiic -oil, CH^ + 0< 

C"H" 130° CH* ISO' C*!l' 10*' 

0*wiiboDt 100° O* wkliDDt »' 0*wiiLaat 100' 



(239) 2^0' 



(IHO'^ IWU^ 



Camphoric- acid Aobjdndr, C"l["0'-l-0^ 

C^tV 1J5° 

<>* in ll^c nticletii ^d" 

(■bo»e?jo') a;&' 

FirDgMJBcic B^ii, C'll-tO' 
C"H" 115" 

CF ■riihout lao^ 
(210") sia- 



(290') 285" 
CampholicKid, C»H« + 0' 

O^wiThoul LOO" 
(250°) ^15- 

CumiDic icid, C^H'- + 0' 
ca-nif 19(1' 
O'-iibout lOD" 

(*boM230°) 290' 



Pjrrterr(.iciH™l.Ci^U"'*^0' C-tyoplijllLc Bfidn C»J[i^O- ^O CucoBrin, C^H'O^ t tf 



O^ itilhuut I DM' 
(jil»DTc2U0) tia" 

t"n- iia- 

tf without iO" 
(aEmkc 150°) 1C5° 



c*n'- 190° 

O'nilliin 2J' 
O^^itlnjot ttW 

(J IV) 2iiri' 

irrdrtniiyl^Cni-fJ^tQ' 

tKwilhin 1^5' 
O^ wlibouE 5(1' 



tP wilhln ?5' 
(Fwilhofll iO' 

(2;o') ijy 

CMiriLFiol vnd 
AiLiK-cimpbDr, C"Hi^O^ 
C^'H'= ISO' 
O^wilhin 21' 



(Jjj) 22S (U20 J Md (?220 215" 



BOlUNa POINT. 63 

C*Ha ISO" C»H» 130' 
O* in UtB DDcleui SO" O^ without Aft" 
C wilbonl M' 



(300') MO* 



(213') leo* 



Conmwn cuspbor. C^HJ^i" Or * C^H" + 0» CijepM ml, C'^'bO' 

C»H" 160' C^H* 180* C-H" 14*' 

O* withiB Sa" C wiLfaobt bty 0> in Lbe adgLvdi 29" 

(204') IBS' (201'} aid' (173') IJO" 

FarfOret, C'^H'O'+O" Cu*bho1, C»'H>"0' 

0^ witbiD 2i' O* in tbe nncleui 25" 



O^witboat 10^ 
(IWJ liO' 



(M!') 24ft" 



But tJiia modo of chlculatioD, though it may appear tolerably aliH- 
Faetorj in so far u regnrdfi the eiamplei id the preceding table, ii 
DQverlheleea iuHccarale wTion applied to maoj olhora ; partly perhaps 
because ihe oompoaitiun and boiling poiutB of thesa latter have not been 
correclly delerniiDed, but partly also bocauBO tbg ihimIq of calouUtirg is 
not adapted to ccrt^n compouniia, for which, perhapa^ pf<!uLiar laws 
ahouLd ba asaiiiDed. Such, for inatauco, ifl the ca^e with inethylie^ 
ethylio, and anylic ether, with acetone and cerUun compounds allied to 
itj with lignoiie and ila products of decompOflitioD^ £c. 

But CTSD if we should ancceed, by this or auy other mode of culcula- 
tion, ID overconilag the principal diMmilties, it will etlll remain uncertain 
whether wo shall over nrrive at a complete Holntion of the problem of 
iletermining the boiL[D£ point of on organic compound from its compOBi- 
tion. Tbo DumorouB oils composed of C"H" bave bailio^ poiuEs varying 
between 15G^ (terebenc) and 173° (carvene); and tbiB difference of 
boiling point is accompanied by difference of specific gravity, and of 
optical Lind chemical relatiena (t. ff.j towards hydrochloric acid gaa). We 
Cannot, therefore, ftEcrlbo these doviations merely to impurity in the 
a]\s or to errors of observation, bnt are forced to admit that in the same 
nucleua, the 20C und iGR may ha united in diO'erent waya; and as thia 
difference of anangenient and the influence which it ojiens od the boiling 
point are likely to remain unknown, the calculatien of the boiling point, 
even if founded on tha most accnraLo data, cannot be expected to give 
an eiibct reault in all qubb. 

Certain other compounds Likewiw have different b<]iling points, 
though their compoeition is the samB, e. g., maleic and fumotic acidn; 
there are, however, other reasoDB which aeem to ebow that the boiling 
point <]f fumaric acid abonld be doubled. 

Some facta seem to show tbat nitrogen raisCfl the boiling point of a 
compound much more than carbon or oxygen, and that IN mtroduceit 
in the place of IH produces a rise of'^ about 100^ Thus, beuiol, 
C"H', boila at 86°j the compound C'H' boils at a still lower tempera- 
tdte; but the boiling point of^ aniline, C"H'K, La 182'; £laene (probably 
C"H"J boili at 110^; coniiue, C»"H"N, at IflS", This alrong filing 
power of nitrogen and oxygen in organic compounds la very remarkable, 
when coDflidaTed in relation to their otherwise great elasticity. 



u 



ruorcnnca of oecoamic coMfov^tm^ 



•iobi; totaOt irliiub Lowofcr fluutuiii ill Lriut II Al tKrluri, vJt., lh«| 
tlHUv but IlkonJjfU jii niDit «f tbvir compuimild vrijii cvUqricM loU-, 







Tbo Hrfr^iriin^ Pntt'T of nr^ni? h^ni'la i' gmtbir in prapnrtibg tt 
ilifiy arc tpcciflcillj- hcnvLcr tcid moTo vitordn in Ui* bjixvrwpQn^ U I* 

gmttfr u lilt' ijiiLiriiLLv of i^nrlftJEi vKi:imil« that of the li^dnKCCi, mhI 
Q]it^;;v^iiu4LH(i fi'iiojfriiiiidk, it itic]i<Hi*(^i U' llio ■jLiLiiiLlty of tfrii^n U 

troniponnHf^^ bnvo the wrac dcitiay ood (■ftmialcii'Jn, iht-y tlhibil tltq 
tcfrapliii;; j>Li»iir, in thvi^i>tititirv4]UH^»ihiTiluii4i^FOEiDoio TiaviJ coiji|>uu&J 

lull iInt LTfv'iLc.^i' ri.^fnic|tiig ixpwvr- 

Pur dit>rr iM«iri titrkjnurriidii nm Lhii |iuii][ -c'll. iSen^uvnl ft Ci^junn ^iy^m^l, na^i 

Ciirufor J'tt^tri^ilon. - CcrEfcjii rulcnrtflsi or vcrv iU~TiiIy 
ot^imip Ih^liIiK ■udi M oil "t liit]io]tE-Lm'. itv *<j]utiuE]i vS vuriAiii 
fruUtjittrrw lit wtkUir, '•r in ulltnt liijuidh wbldi Ijievu iif> ijpuoilJc n-Eilinn 
ibojr wn — '-//'■ thti nt|tiouii« •olntJoii'^ iif tarlari'' kl^I. dA^lrip, tkw 
Viri«u* Ucid> tff tujrarn ctnd Kr««*l lUblnnd nlfcoloiil?. — <jliibtt, m dj 
i-iivcmd bv Dior, a |pci?ulijir rtloliun lowmlB iiokrlniij M^lit (matmUinl 
lliniiijzh lliE^ni ; tlwy pti'tl. in Uti, u {Cpl'itai-ff T'-'Utr uiiuii il. tu^uiqj; tL 
Tii:4ypHmf lo ihnir pfTili'U' HAturr, (l> tbi? righi or ta lli<] I<^E; in oihpr 
wnrJ*, ihp.v |»rintiipc tVfhiof /Wat imfiin'ot n /if^aJMnut VWmJfly^tfr 
>^/iirr< *.-/ r-it'i/ii^'frm li> tbir ■'■k'lit ur Iv tlifr Jofi^ Any i^ivn liquid U*tft 
firoiLij4?|ii u I'oIhtiTiri of llm huil" iminlii'i' u/ di';;n.>fif, |iru« i»lnt tbe <wiiHQ- 
In^Erciu o( (hi- tiuuiJ and Llit^ tliitiLnnni nf |]i4i aimlum thrcfLLfrb ityc4 llir ^^ 
|>oUriird lifihl hu to iiiiH, iTmi^in thv iiiLiiii^; if lb<« ibicknr** c^ll*^^ 
utmtiiin or ihe *Iqjiih of coucrulrAtj^^u lo iiicr«ik«dt iLo injflo of roubia ^^ 
liltewiiic iiicivfuvik. Nurt. (iorfj inu-l. kUilt lifjiiiJt, Biid tti'ttt #iJid h4> 
vtanooAi ulipn dM«tl*<'il in wulrr, uWili], \i',, mnrl no nrXiun itlik«r\<r 
DO Mlarjxal liiE'bl. it fnlloh-a ibnt T^r r'Tv^'mco "f Inrrjiric uid. tnfur. Ae-> 
in flqnfilt, mny I* di>M>Tp|VHl l»y mwm* i>f rircnlur imlarimion, U*!*' 
u\'-t, >iit«(uim-n III til? Uiiuid »lnt(< inny, 1>V tlK< AifcrDO incnb*. b$ «li*' 
linfuuliL^d iiup fmsi lli<? r^lbrr, PilJiiT by ona |>nFi|Liciu^' rolulJun and 1^ 

U' ll'i rlfbl ami lIiit Qib?f to ibn !rf( p «t by our proiliieiDr * A^*'** 
rr>[4it4oii tli4n (h^ otiiut. i«ti^ crjurkl fi^nff^nimLruii »iiil ri]ii*] (WkTina sf 
Ihu Ajijutd. ^Vlioii iIk' Tiji[tji'i< Iff II diafriilvcd iikUlAiti^tr it lofiitA, abJ 
llm ibirkiKu uf ihti It^juid iIulIuhi liki-wi>« given, Ibi- 4'o|i«uln(i'« of 
|L^ Atlul^frti mit* W nkulnl^d fnna 1h« amoupl of lbs rrrtalioiL Itii 



i-vi-n jior-ililr, liy ^TaimijijiL' ilji* pToliftrlV, (n ili*P"nT .liirr»«H«» btl 
ivu nUEifiumidi. ^trii'b. ill n^fi 14 ibolr «11ii>f pfO|iPFEi» tod rhnulnl 
ivUlitfiiv, muil \"-' rvgiir^Cii u i^lciiliml, r.^.. nriMiii LiniU uf vU af 
larpflEi^b* uid uf iLEAf in ntriuLia jmummf? *IaIc^ in wlikb ibt^tkbrr 
irndttM M>>kiii bj (br< rjfbt c^t Vi Lbv Ifft; ol DnDv «i ill, 

BiM, ^Ti'i. CA.V /^^JL ^?. 6«; hIk ^dln flf; HI ; ibo /<^^ M^ 



I 

I 
I 




cjncuLift roiAHiz.Aiioy. 



CS 



_ T A rpry nmintknLk rpliiliuii li«fwprii rolmlm/ pow*ir»iiJ im-l^mlir 
C*n»|[[u[iaii liiu bcuu JJyrflvnrnd by Pn-Cfur (.V. >l;jn Cft Phifn fffl, ,^0; 
a.1>ktrr C^'T'i, Srte. Qu. J, '|^ 7,'i), [i li^ut bo^'n ^'ik>; Uito^^n tUnl tntiKr'ns 
brill n»k1 ii^ vJT" turn tlij- j>)iii]o oT jii^tarlmcji^ir tu iliu rijffir. itliervBi 
mcrnir? urji] tml ibi' riPi'CjNilL"', wttifri iira ijnntifni' tfiih ibnnii twhjiiuii aa 
nitfh priiprrry. N^iw, pjnEr'ni' Imb ihuw" ihat m™T"i<i iirM 'm x rninTtnnikrl 
■jf (Avo AlW iu'lJ**, idDiili4ul lit (ih[>inirH%| fimipc^Aii'niiH prrKUHiKiDU m 
furnm whiph prfni'iil t1ii> Ntiun riuuiljoi' nf p<.'i'f<^PTly ■^iiilJui fr*ow, buT m>^ 
iIr4p<iTii| fffifiatriri':'}^'!/ viih ri'.^j'OCt fo iiufi ittlifr (liku lliu i»iii;ju upd 
cjbjoel Ln a mirriir, or tLi? hvu tiaivi^jr of ibp liiim:in IkhI^), nnJ itnTpforfl 
itica|«l>]v ol i;uMi?iiIiEij; by ■iipi:L'|<u*iEifiiL. TIll'a.< rrvubiln am |ii fjuil rpvt' 
mnfiilar jirJHiu>. hiviuE tbVir Intern! ('-Is*-* iTfiliiPOil l'^ ['Iiium, ihiJ tlip iiitir 
Mtftinn ftffrwo mily n^(^L■■f< |jlni>i.<j ^vitU ibo k^rrHiiiu) luoiw tff tLi- |*ri"Ui oi-e 
Mi|iliurpd hy fuft^t; boiipo ibt' ory<Liiij nru lifmiLcJitJ, Naw oDfl oJtTie* 
■ciJ* iLEni* ito |>Iaiiv uf |fij1u'E!(]iiiuu tu tbf ti^'lit. iLud tUo nthvt Lli ilm 

fqnininiLi^ fH[V%\ n^iglita vf tLo I«o arrJt jidJt, I'U gvjijiuiiiEiui), 
CrrilAli of iac«niIo itdd, pcrfccEly hv[i)uljrdr4.L hiiJ liaviDf pu ucUun 
vularv an poliuinJ Mgbl. Tlin rnlaLion,! nf r-iri>i jiml rihinlory ijnnnr 
whrnb tiinl in llir JifiJilA iti^'iiiMOvrA, n-rii lik^w^il•l fi.untl L<> ihr fullf^i 
ndeot in thrir wIIa All t1ii> rlirnuinl prnfK'iiirq of ibc Inrtraici c^F 
dertrorVCQinfttn an rtJ■^Jd1>ocd, Jn ih^ uiliiuw^L <]ctuili, lu lliv lievr^i^iiFC- 
mxt«*; lad La m:Ik (utir^ta lUcrQ ci>TTfi><[]<md' n ]iiivumrBuiH.EK, ■1iir*]''iii>{ 
from tlm ^tntir hi TiritljiiL>- biil ibn Kvnkiitrtriral Aiii)ii,Eic)n <tf cnrlikiu 

ffonvvjinnitm^ i:nm til ll ry,<Tn]ri nml flif ^lii'irrion nf thn tv\nUiry 

power— Pinteur bo^ iln <luiwii (,V. ^I-ih. CA-'w*. /%*. 34, SO) tUc 
UparlLDUid pr^fiurcU TrLiiii AiiMiLnita uTniuuKitiiiL (el mlitUii^a put |krd»- 
■iiig ruUUtry Jiiinur). in iunIT uiLhuiit Bi^liuii mi puluriW |J|-]|E, nllbipij^b 
ihif iump vtd, whrn pivpnrMi in tim imiiiinry wny frniit jiHprkmvJiir jiib^ 
>PbK4 ibo rololorj power; rn^ror^ver, tbul iooytivp 4i|>nr(jr iwid innv lio 
AonvcrLed Jntu nu inncrivi] maliu ql^U ly iho hviilc proctM mi tliui by 
whiub iUTliv«< P^ijurtii^ lu^jd im Aiiiviri'liid iiiLu iii![ivi< HLiilid ui'ii!- Tlmipa 
M"tivi> uiiJ iniMitn nciili iim mn.i'llv iiJ:)eii iit ikU tbiijr I'lmmiml priijriir' 
tktt anJ form altt idcuiimi tn mry roi^jiroE, i7i(vl>lini; ihnt in aiFinn 
few tuAliUtcua (be crynLnl* oT ibo Tho Tirjcttci f-DlLM>g Iv diflcrci}! ^ystolnf, 
*iid thAt ll"i en'tivii ^LLbalHJii^Ki alwuys ir^JjiML lii-'iiilliiTilrjl liii"PL*, wbitb 
(hp tmMrti»<'<'niiipiinnd» iiv^ur <lu. li cbjwn iiol iipj^'ur, lMj**^iviir Ibut iLii 
iMaliiro vinmlts nf niipurtia iind malif acid <iin Iw n^x-T^cl jtiEu L#u 
'oppVAild/ nvLivo ci>m|H»u!>dj hko d^itroncciuic nnJ bcroratpjinii ."laJd; 
bid il V hifldj priluljlK ihn-t thcKi culXi nu loaotiTO >krS;vty of nuJlO 
anil aliu irf lupunt^iuu, ^ 




XLa rk|>ii4ntai ein|pluycil Ly Vonuko (J. pr. C/ttm '25, f}''} for th>.^ 
Unit t>i (MmulTir |>u1uri>ulli*rii in ouQutriri'luJ Bi foUoLvt: A m^til 
Inbv IjtoK lii>rii^>ntnl'y ki cunriKlcL iit vucb rnd wUb u r«iu1ior« prlnm. 
I'b? )^nn At tbo furdkpr tmd fe itninov«tb]r. uid dirffUil lu'ttaiilo tlie 
bri|-tit»C iBii rtt au Arifkud ]o]n|>j bul thv priun at ibo nnimr iind, 
thtough •lirt'b ibi) ryu la ditui^Li'dlir l]iv l^^lit* ■• oajtitl^t^ of tambfl r«)Dnil 
tha mil *-f tht lu'-r, atici ri (jr^^viilrd w'lllt uu riiji'i h bu'b iiiov^v* i;pL#q n 
t^ruJuntrd Aitc *\ininipA'tie thu nrni^r dmi of llio lubii, atiJ ninTlf^^l 0' ii( 
ib blh-lit-*l, iiiid ltd' nt ir> Iciiv^Nil poinl- Tf nrivr ibfl fijrf lit ilrrMfKl 
(lm>u^b Tbi.' fiiipty IiiIh', Ifi^tiiEdd Ibu Arj^iiPid Ucnji or Lonftnf" lbr< aoIat 
li^bt, nml tho Dv;^^r i-rixm iiirncil oiii^c round* i^'t pniitia ni'*:' fouii^l, 

lot. vii, v 



oa 



FHOPEHTJES OF onciNic COllPOllfM. 



i^hdJ villi ooiiiijBinibtt •]i«Lri<iUH. hi wlildi I'le wtiole of l^a lig^^ J^j 
'■ftpmrik Tbc jiuJim i« fiioJ m ■hdIi u iniuiJitt u t^ pum( (u 4** ufJ i)tO* 

0'704 mi-l. InHjfH dn^ nt «uli r<ii<I with & K^^^ plnt^. «iii1 ^Anpl^^xlj 
Alkvl H-itb III*' tit|itiJ U W p-LarkkiitvJ« U nnv icilivdufcJ laU tba ni<uj 
CiiW, »i> lliht llm riLVP Iff till* |»rii]> iitHjv l**f*, Hnf tbruHj^ti tbv furlb^r, 
L-pri'ia, then thnuiifh (W tinituni uf Jhrunl 0'1^U4 mcl- lr>n^ ■nl tb*a 
[diTvnj/li tlj4> nraror priflinn inl-i l]ir< tyn. If tbp|iL|dHl» iratfr fcir •mnpla, 
'Vh« ii'i viiLtrrjry i^t^^i-r. j-crfocl ilhrknwi t« phtduH^ v It^^fv^ «k«i lk«' 
liiji'i jioLDlt ret 0\ litil^ if Lb4> tiifoM puucsod rol^luFV |h>«or, the il^il^ 
rtf Elin Unip 11 ■III] ■'1^11 willi ibo privED io thnl |^t|i>n. Kiit^ jf u^j 
tiraivr priim, trith itn lulIi^i:, Imi liLriii>d rnijnnl to ih* Hfht. Oiva if lit 
liiliHil tunn iIk- plnni" *'f i-i.liinuiJKHj u- iW rijfUi, ihn fi»linw'n»a «>W«in 
fkHK'LEr ia «iLn.'vwii<ij li;:Ttr ^1iil-, iWb Mu4>, ^lulct, pfLrplc^ rctl, amacvj 
jl. uii UiEi I'JiDtmry, lUl* {■''liLE'iMliifii EH Io Tlic Uti. UiV WJI10 acnx of! 
'CDfnuM u nhihilw c»b 1iirnii]({ tUv i-riam in tUnt Jinclian. In ai(^«r1 
ovtf, [hi> rcpi4Nrpii II til Irh "ibpiH^il >!■ KiKin u lUf* tMl, iiiCf rnK^iM*, 
bi'Ewocii ihi* i^ui'plo Hi"i '»pan£C, nirpcon, anil llio uuirily nf d'^ifrra U 
O', wfiJcL iLv luilci t1>t.'u itnatbi, i4 in bu FtaJ ulf, 'I'Li* ia tLu nuiDbvr ofl 
dwTfu ijf GLrrul^r puJjLrli^tiun wliicb ibu li^itid atbibit^ vitb<* I0 tbc- 
r^l nru (liii k^fl' 

5. l'nT*iai.i>aiCJiL K>LA'riu»«--^AU tuhtilo ^o-^hdlo nmpviuiilt mrqj 

iHlonfciroij*. hjkI mup( nf tliflin xn diHrnpiinftcd by terj ■imn^ vdwrvji 

4 •/.. vjpJiUJia ncjilit rolBlilc nili, LHUii|ibnr» t^r «tiiiLrn|tt4>iap% feiid alnkoliii 

[licjuUh, Tii&nli HLi kud ^tloHniil ^t Imvo but vppy Uula udour, 

ttuBJB itr^qajc t'4Juij»ouiiif», m (jttftf, •IUjPpIi, wutiJj- fi?irr» wh'Ac of 
Ac;, bnvu no ^'mlf. clhrrt bkvv 11 *Mi]r laatir (fnoit uciiltj; nn 
but' (Unnm); nr fwni {ffii^ar, iclynimit, ^ipr^oful); or hittor 
ptrnnJpE**, iinrtMliu hiib^lAoi^*^ Mi-1 injiri^ ad<1 tiibstum*. kIki nu^ 
rtantt; or acrid 4«cri^l niTa and auripboriH bc-rltl ratiu^ Miij alkalcidijjl 
hf H*r^ (fclpuht-bc H<|alJ#< M>l4(ile *>ik t4iii|>bur«). I 

In tlwir lucJicinnJ mHiob oJi llif iKidr. nr^iiifi rompovtidt IftglHuj 
rOiibJI riit fEtiKlnit ili^nmnrAi*, nml il in a i*>iil(vr of Lhr ET4lp'4t V4ii4Cf| 
thM ihr wvnti rk^inmtU, iJHVirdmj; 10 tb« yrti]i*>n\-'n in wbidh ib*j 
'Idlit VI oi^qIc oumpuaud. iliOulJ iproilucDt 101110 rrm^t iiiilr>iii>u« mi 
hHiintiiri^ra nifilii-miil huUi^iieib aiiiI ]Hii>cius tiiiiiplinii* iiKlJj^^JbU 
inurl ^iilihEiuinoF. 



Diftrw^um a^ Proptrli/9 ftmmp^n^t vuA apimrmilp timUat OvwhiMia^] 



k\ 






TUffo Pin* miiny urpAnli? cyiininMund^ »L 
•HUD |l«^^r«l■lK^ ciiii]|i-Miii(]ti. naiaitliitbi-iii«iiiihii mitrii*! <iLi}«nioMa »i 
Uioir plijaii'il Bhii fJimnJi^l n*]iiiiiiii-, Thcoo diff wiw i w mxj bo #Mrfb*4j 
to UiHDvritiu, FolfniPFJAUh, ituj MouoMliiim. (I-, lOS-Ml^) 



)Av]y i.>Ulilf irili Wv* « euiiL]Hviiiim n^prrwil bj tli* fafi1>] 
C^H". bui fJiflia in ipeoifio fmtity. boJlinj; uniiit, cirtrukr f^-^ *'-'*»'- ^^ 
muull. vui lajli\ - iti ihn ijiifttilily of hydTacUArie and (;v h i 
■ft qblii Id «b*iir^^ uJ iu tbe jiiji^jd ftr »bi| umam vf iIk' .,z-4^ 



POLnnait^. 



« 



lijdmtibtfjrEktpi,— jiIh^ in ihnlt powrr of Jlu^^Iviof tAUUichvuf, Afc^ Tliiu^ 
UiJ pf UiTjwtHniv \* rfiiik|i<ipi«k nT t*f MlnA^ JJHtirinrm fillip unil rluw iitqy lifl 

lJh««iiii Iwindif" W i.liofulJw»iii>;<jlIi: UiloJ Loiuuni (Mlin^' puiui MC): 
nixulnJ tri] of Climi* \^i>. t^r. U>lir; B, P. Ur}; nJI vf F.ltmi rmn 
(Sf, iff. O'JWai B. P. iCii j; Cafvi^m- iB, P. I'lf-}} K/iil wvi-ml oihrr;*. 

Cryilaillne Bunnell, uid aciJ oil of filov» (nrypiiki^llio ecU[), havo 
the muM foniuiljtH t^ll"©". 

Oil (>r Ciiruiu, V^in\mgini-u'A, FffuiiDl-bU, 4iii] Aiii^u-uLviJipbur tiiv mm- 
pTrfVHl of f H^'O*, nn.l mivy l«! c^nvrrtcii tv ».mi[riiriit yi'iih i»i nf vitHr^l, 
4fa1i<rldo uf ttac. &<_, iitio iLrci> olhoi oUy, cLLiDphoi<lLk«. 4t rctluQui 

Thi' fitTiiuIn ijf ll->u:oitiii uci'l JhC^''H'0', llm xniiiu ma thnL uE rjtmiHinitr 
HrrU: hilt tlir APtli* .if iKi^Ait ikoiila piliiTiiC j^iflrr^inb pn>prrtir'K. 

Tatfjirip uiiii Uxet;«uiI'? add ^ (^"H'O'*, aio tjkcwih' lioca&rle. N»l 
Vtily UD tbv U(iiri]H>uiiilf uf th^pi' mviiia irfit-li vitU^i luid willi lr;LM> rlJiTimml 
u lliiiir pni|44irtii', Imt tattikTir vini lu Llin HtaLu uf ai^utkiLiH 4oliLlio(l 
f ihihiu niiviilnr pnkr'ixutJiJn, iflnln rwwmig uqiJ <iDn boL 

Miii^Lo tijai\i. C"li"'i*". irliicli i« jneoluble in ali^boJ, is ct>iiverLi;>J. lay 
budiiijf il« u^iuuLiLi* tuluLlvV. lulu tbo iBumoric »utel'iu4.^\ FiuuiuutiiE' m^itl, 
w^icb U Hjlubltf m alpuiiid; buUi L^iobu tHid* an inouiurio with f^uirln^rifl 
■cid. 

To tb« BiDft qIom «f bodiev >pp«ar tv belong: Pjn^mvcio tiDil Vynt- 
imivriiluii^lJ^Cx'lJ'O*;— AuipDbti 41M t<LJii>yJi<.- uiil=^C"H"0*,-^ Etlialru 
una riibiilir»<.'id^l>H»O'^0i»uf liud EUuilm iu?iJ=C'H"0*;— Piuic 
Ullli^jiTif Kiil = C"?l»0'. 

Puifur&irLido hdJ FurfunTie 4ffi bulb oampHod of C^H^N'O^- Tbo 
rvrjiicr. wliFii LiUHluiJ wjlb iv-'idi, i> rv«<i1«vJ iaLo nu ■utmtMiiaml taU ftnil 
fdrftiml, wild, bj uunliicl wiib ik^uliiiib fiolii^bH il n tiriiv^rLi-'d "Uu Uic 
Ufimfrin criiiipfiiipd, fnrfuritic^ hliiob it ikttT, tl"cnitiprimsi hy aenlr, \ni\ in a. 

C^rv'^UiEit^ l-jri^'TiiD uid I'vtuguutui.'rt- hi^id, an nAy hulikliiriDn tttiitL' 
d^fTcTohl frc-ni ic^ lH>tb hxvv Ui* f«riniilii ('"H^O'; iJir lornicir ut prcbbbly 
C^^lTOMi'tHi tin- kiipr, Ci*il'.0' 

Gam amli^ dpictih, utilk-eufr^rj •Inndi, biid woudy lLliro» hImo «pU 
drlt^'l f^ T. nil liitvi' ibc fnrtiiiilB CH'^Q^ iir C-HMV. 'thif ki pVN 
bkiq m t^M- of ivilyEiifriiin. OLLii Chant itrjtimf bwntf C"H'^" tuiuUiar 

Uulyrgne [kud Oonflnliml ftw C"nHj». 

MpUrpruno and VaJcml ure C'lr'XJ*.— 'J'bt* eM*ii inwy, howatCTi bs 
sribvd tn lunLamDrlim. if tEiBinct'luiiu b« rr^pnE'd u a mmpiHiiul of ibt 
ind flrdw=Cli*r^'|C''JI* t|». **^, Tlii^ *>«* of iu r-rnipflflilun » 
tp|HiTUd ^y (lif fict tlml pivIjju'oIopo Ia tuiiTi^FU-d W I'Lrrouio npid^ Dor 
into vaJflri^niD rn-jd, Lue ii>iu iiK-iAi.i}io^k hi^ni, L^H*u', mil uotic uid, 
C'K'O'.— J^iQiilar rcuiirkii Afpl^ l*' tbv prmuidiij^ cumiu 

Tbiw }diiii]tiiiipnB cjf i««inptiN]i urv vi>ry probably ii» 10 ilJilvn^Dcvt in 

i 



feJ 



iVJjiHHfifm. 



k 



PoljfnRJe pabftiJiJifrft «ra ruppoHd to itid'ot rm0 oiiD uncrihet iu 
M Diuiipr. iliLkL t\iv nliAii of 'ihd lodj rvJitDJiw u biri:ffr nuiid>ot of 

r t 



riEOFJ^DTIfLS CF OQGA^IG COMPOL'TaJS. 



■imjilo atftna tluni ttiivL if miil-hpr; f.ff-, tliD alum of unn roD]toanJ 
kUimnf \ . (C-K'O'), ili^it of mmihi^r cinilflEns T . (1?»H'U'X (lint *f 
ilfj, a > tCH*0), .iii^i thivi of n futirtli. « - (C'H*OV- J:<^ Tlu ki 

lhe«ld it, lit niruiy i?ii^<i jiiii.ini.I 1>y thp wtdn itf fiirinKEian, ihfl 
liliE. acij vihputirUi-Tiijty irT uiflj piJi^tptJikuil'.. SiiLi?i^^ for «tUa] 
iiirie uid eoovurli nlw-liol, CH^tiV hy lie ntiinirlfuri <if H^ 
Ifidnni jju, ill* Uttf^r mr^y be inii|H>iki(| lo runAJul ufC'H*: Ji9<l tiuH 

R(on<^ ^ii<lL ji |miiliji-i»i3 fniiii rEluLi,C' H^'0\ Uy tliHtrtinii nf pliiMpI 

cvnipuuu'i ri'C^ uuturiliii^ t? u Uiv-t Uw. "illi iIjo romlicF tif itiirpt^ 
&tujhp of t]\f uma k'md wJiIcIl i(* cc>iii|iuuiiJ ulim cinffAini Ipp, M— 0>)^ 
thi» ciirciutii-l:L)ini> rvih^MDlSy rLmklflip- n datum for Jitvrmi&in/ how muf 
tkm'^ii lhi> fiJiiitN'r 4tf ntiiEi» itf tho miiL^t vnliililn isampciiiiifl niic*! It* bvtlr- 
fptW. Tu ^'ivc rSiit (if ilm iiioro n\<<p1 oiikiij-rjLiriJ, Fiii^l^, Ufiro th« 
Vnp»mr-dt;ri>il v ul Ibo niuiL viJ&tiii: uf lln^' tMUpyrrumntir olli u^timi*! 
fr^iii i>i]-^:AH JB iviH-.p :v ^t'lint m iliiii f^f uk'liAul iriBj V'lV, Iha fvnnrr i* 
■unpDnrii Ut KanUiih lulrn n^ iiiuiiy cl^mfintnrv atajMn v Ibv UUcr, fii, 
C^JI* ft ilml ii4 I'DpiiLir iLiav lik'^wni' ho iliironiir. 

Very luntiy c^tiipauiitti otmitic of cnr^n FLnd faydnKIta in «^ul 
ttumlicn of Jloni", r<>n»tc|narl[y pb. C td 1 pt H. or 03'Tll prr r«aL 

L4)li'liBnt jfAri (fitTivlf'r>4-}, C'Tl'; Fnmilny'H iim^r votnlilr '•» front mT'ML 
lC^': Amyki)r, t^^'K"; OIpctip. T^H^ N'lpMlipiic ffrom ro?k-0l}l ttl 
lluDf, C^'JI*"; I'riauivlfne, ^.^H": C'Wno, C*H". To tli* »aii» < 
(fury lik(^wi»ii IkIuhj; f'aL»uti:Mii» Oil uf WW, lVifto-Ca^^|»^^^ fir 

1'liiij', Aiimil, KiiU'li(?([iEi) Clii»lii*riU^ -Mi-] rufnilcbuur, mpviM-ih;; vUcfc, 
.utrii^-pr, Ehrsivi ii ■ nnni of Hma fnr J^'li'mi^trn^ ilif itaniWr i*f atHiH tt 
IwhWh thn f'liijp^uBd iitonv» aw fnnneJ. — VVlKm Krttpl-<iJI, C'"||"0', it J 
llloil wkb ^Liibyptruiii iiln^pLiirlc wW. (tic Itnt i>n>Ju(^i diBtiUtt* 
li^il it Aiuylcur, y^hlih ImU a\ H^'*. thitn I'aramirliip, r"H" w\kh 
botTiftI 10U\ unit bpi ]|iJ"iil>1ii riipuuf-4U<iiMiy; mif! Inatly^al a «tiU higbt^ 
tvRipHiiliirvt u dt uf Hourly fourfuia TapaaiMfeaiiej. pr4l»l>ljr (b*f«fo« 

C (i> i Srt II, am fuuuJ la Ohrviujn', t^^H", nml it. Irli-iNiin, OH", 

Tbr pFTtjicirlJitii nf ^ Al, (f tn 3 At U i> f^and in Xapbdiklbc, CiP, 
AnDkPKPDP, C"JI"> uu'l ryrBD<\ 

Cyi»i>;,'vii U C''N', l']irk':yniiu;;rij, ittv vhieli (Itv eytnt^in of tyvaUf 
of Ui^rvury !■ lArllf tiitivrriokl by liiitt, i' prirlinbly L^N*^ 

Cyiiiit: ftciil H l>\![rj-: Cy.iiHino nriil ir pffllrtWy OC'IPO', uvn- 
o*or,'ihi' iiih^luUo cvifturn: n/jJ Sn* ibo tume wmpmHiftn i^rnBL 

Vi>J;tt»lKrli]nrblQ'i,rCyii»oj^'viLitf:'*NCti(bufiKfiilc]iM>|d m pwM^J 

Gahuui Mt!l.y]-*thpr i* CHfJ; AlcnlkU u OJtV- 

AUkby^K r'H*n', vl.pn prtvmchl, U oc«ulon«11j «0at«n*J bfti 
entiaU wliitib &rir t^oifiC^niH fmiMr, •omcliiiiH IfifwlUB- Tb«« Iva 
irvilAof m<iar» ■» pF<>UUy CH*0'ftriil ti^^H'^O*, 

Uilirt jilinunJ uil, C^'H\]\ *]ian Uj-t (or vm« liai* In ombM aU 
liyJii4vof puti'h, M rnn^ptlodUta Ikii*i>lii. C^irX)"- 

Arrolflin «&<] MnltAM^'byilri wblth ^ilTLir gn^Jly ^ii tlicrir nTV>p#rlE«, 
boUi bat* tbfl ffirmab C'll'i)'; boi ihe Utirr. wl»cli >•• niii(li> tin Int 

tlibUl* of llkOttTDr H |lVTfcflpH nitFFD mtTtTXlj tTpff*t>OX^ by lU fam*!* 




riMEKl^U. 



$9 



TIV 



CirO'; bui, jp'ljfun; from ihfir ilrflVwiil dcifwiAii tit vnUlility, iiwl 
■«jil U probnhTy L'-H'O*. fumaiiv, C'H'O', *ij-! *ri>iuU(, C'^ll-O"- 



1, WLcn tw* orcritiiifi ntmj<ntmil« cnmn logktifhT, i more coiik|i1piL 
■ubtldin'e ii ofiiTi fnnnrcf, rniilninlrLg i]ie inpk« noiribcr tff kI'^uib C, J^ 
bill] rt, ■■! nunllii^ pp-yrtnct I'omif it from two olhct OFfTBOJu CDnip^uud*. 

Fnrniro cl)ipr li nJtiiLinrric wUb tcatic metlivl-rtlier ivUm uf 

C It o 

*irh FomiLc Mia — ] W<Tc^- (.-"IIH)*— IlO= 2 I 3 



fimDi f arialc pchi^r 

»1t!i A«t1c mid — I WnW 



= C 4 






- « A 4 



taninwf iho fAmc iiuiubfr t<f a^<iiii nt ^elUcjUc «tLn ^iiklic^lnle of 4tH>l) 
=C'ii'0,C'*l["(J\ [orhu^ fi,.iii|<U.Hniikiiu,.1 -icihc fima^ m M 

t. An Jtlom of h cntnplix i^ruiknk ci>m|ii>UEiiI nrjiy tinnlJiJ]) llic «amv 
niimbof of iiioinii o/ th« itToraf ckmcntt lu 1 or f aUnn nf a primiKj 
onpiiiic <M>n]pnijrkJ. 

€vDna1f* v( iLimikLinia, >.'1P.C^>'H0^ liiu tHu miiuiv lEUnibci' of titOlii* 

OjBbic ..f mtrbvl, C1T'0,C0" (or C*J('0',C-0*) = Rufcmic Mid, 

Fomiotu i-f im'iti>;, t:'TI'n,C'HO*=A«iieB<.-fJ, OK*0V 

Fnniiirtip tf tiilivJ'f '■H'^,C-IU>^ jinJ Afi'Utr of inrlliyfH C'H'O.CnVO* 

a(C*H'0*)i and ^:i.]c.niwtic elhcr. t^rO-C^CTO* = 3 Cbror-oliyTvda 

BuivtBrc'if nirllivl, r'ri'0,CTrO*=Vo].irJrii»irnnd, Ci'J!"0'. 
nuiymlo of I'lhjL ril-il,rH"*V=Komur.u- rtf yiiivl, r"'IIi*O.C*ilO*, 
auJ VnWlT U nirUjyJ, *.:'irO.C'"H'll''=Cni>njfr Of id /(."^ II "O". 

Cupuite of molli^r, LMl'DC^H'^O^ iiirl VnltJrtiW of olhyl, 

CH*O.cni"O»=0mnujrfiy'J'' "-^^i'^ C"ll"n*, 

Or'iJintlivlMF' <*f mnltvl, Oll'O.CH'H)'. ojul CnpfDftto ^f ctUyJ. 

Valvnic *;f -.uy], C-'H"^O.C'^ll'0' = Cbprb Ki4, C»H'0*, •«d = 

Sjdinyl.u iif mclUy^. CIPn,C"fl'0'= AnW iicild, C'U'O*. 

ifclarrirri^ ooTiipouuitf Jik* i|<pxo j^itt nddii»il, mflj hftVi* Ihrt mn« 
»|i«clJSc giVTilj ID [liu ifittvuui oUtU-; Litl |p (liv iJijuM bUI^p tltry dilTur 
botli Jn dauitvHiid in Iioifiii^E puJnl. tbadcbiltyhud loiliuM {loiot irfconi' 
fcmsd fLlrttt fpinj; lovpt titjui iIioh o^ tti' hcide uhh tvliidi iboy crjr< 
rfBpond in nmnbcr of ftl«nu. 



w 



DJ!C0lir'fl9IT10y OF ORaAVlC compovsds. 



mJ Njir<>io]uifiiiiD , but th'> rariF>u(it fonnuU cif Anihrvi*1ie »eicL i* 




IV. DRCdHri^firvioHft Ann TiiAMraRHiTTOMi or OniUJnc 



Wb miiT iaNy imiitmn thnt |>i» ehvrnir^iLl fr^nw vhiph Dh^Im ikt 
Silt* Af' ii-ii ftr^tinto jVfnijiniiiiJ tn in mti» ciuih* wmkfT Ihttn flat If^ 

>i]|phji3[> of tnrfrfiTf, mlphiifcTTnil ^j^'Imi^B, ]iWjiliijrolto<l hy-lfv.[f«i, ^dJ 
■miDHQmH riri< hi*lit fLV^Ptli'.r, niirl Tliiit (W Aiattii aniu of ch? moro unji^ 

I'^n (C'N), «n,» iLr« Onllod \>y & '^Ernnf^rt Jkffipily lluiii tbiviv of tbo moT* 

tor«U af a.n ornntr «»ni^if>i'flil lo the iiturj:iLf i ii' BtAf , ii>i>'iiiPT villi it* 

fpMl Hnitilr of hrfJiL fiir hjilrofea and iiiEruf^-cu. whivli ffc«vun llHtf 

Ltiirlijtjon tn ihci EHw>iu Tonn, mi^lit b* ftiiiu^^iiHl id iim-Jucfl % ^p**^/ 

.diH:c»in|H4j|,jnit fif ovuifo mDl>oaiki|>, %h*''t IliP -litath <if 111? |iliiit oi 

'Aniiiufcl wliioli Upd |>n>il<t<.irrl mA latliiT-iiii^^l Uinnt flnrin^ Ita lifi\ Srtff- 

-■Jin]r44, iJij»|4<r icriAiEi tiromul pircmuiLariTctn I'lj^vtiiilJy ■! In* TftnMf*- 

XoTft mni iiuE Hjf cyiiiUi'i i,f Qir» i!inv rpnuiin utilwrrd evttt »A*f iIhj J<aM 

of tlir jpUnL at 3n]ini-l- Tiki' ^■ti'trti-riU'V »ln1ll^ Uy 4 puDulikr ni iwrfid^ 

ttPQiaiii 111 iJi'' Ti'k'iTi- |Hi'itiiin fiiLl> wtunh \]i4-t wttn htpiii^hi w^^ tW 

archill roin|r<*oiiiJ ifoa JVtriiki:i[, ulllmuvlt ibp AfU'illi^ wtnoh l^nd lo tttf 

firmiUloii of fktrv nml ttu pri-duclimii *r mrlwulo icUh waEffr^ At , i^ iu 

[.ro^lfLy uf irrrntKr inr^nirlj. Slij^lit r^iiii*, ^uwf■ta^. ir* juilficLtint ta 

^bri^iiT tbc«ui iliohfi'r aEUiiiti4h nitn hl^Iiuei, miil llicia thi* i^ri[Eii4l oMKi'i 

4H>iiip(>ii rki] n 'Iv^'omiiOaeit. iruli ^volull'in 'if lijrrtrnp*ii And riilrficrn ^uts 

ftHil f-ruiiil^iin i>r llir klwvo-inPnltun«J ilLu^^-l1llo oi^mpo Limit, or of or^feiU 

C^'PiJfrMkiiiilf «f f4ii»RF of^W nfld tiHil I'a^UiPF by fljuu^'iir «Dii||lfU. TIm 

MiEi«> iplmimmniinii i* liki^iir iihibitiMJ li^ iurTjctimn pcpiiijii»ieii J» ^ NkrMt 

i>t vuiritJEiiiv ii fiwilFiNl M i'p^ Into 14-kior ftiiLl hitfOj^h ^^ and aiUvMAf 

untiiiiEilB. lU tft^', tnlo wBtvf ftud nitroij' 'tiidi\ 

Tbo luuffuniiatiuDi vF orjpuMi emupuaDilA uajt UJib plwi b lW 
follOtrScv truyi; 

1- tStnniniiii nf nn^ iaonisftr^ poljirn*pit\ itr ni'tenwrm tiuiii|Kiaf 
into ant^hpr i^'p- (lt( — OD). 

9. AtkMrvLiiiri of tiuo i»r mipr* huIhIjiiidiv inlu |]iit nrntiic mi|iaii*J 
frutii wilLiiJtjt — AtturrlEikn Af orywn AI.JBltTtlr, CIl'O' 1* f«iiv«itvd 
ml.. ikCiHic iciil, C'H'O*,— of AyJ-Pv*- lo*fiao'M<»p. (^FrXO*. l»k> 
inJif^vhii*, C'H'N'O": cUfrirPntt. C*'il*(y, Sm(» green vid M 
|f«fhi6Hinfl. C'Ji'O' ftp^l (:"HM^ of kgiin^nt Pl^ UfpfH 
hfju^. C"fl*N(V, ii foiit«rtt<L by tbo i^on of iquun* pt 
tjolo ftoid, C»'irXO'; on *f »rp«tla». (7^f^ Ij Mkb^ up illO, fi 
imtvl into IvipflDt^eD-cunpUcpr, C*'H"t>'- 



I 




iMitXTro?'^ 



Yi 



4. rorapffiu orrw^iril abiCmpdnn of aria (ft mnro conHiFiLfliLli farbfin 
•itjnr ly sWrnrlimj t.I UO. mirl bto olt-lfiuil gai^ l*y (vmioviJ iff i}Hi 

fnmpflfjn.l* ii-jftfiiil"!!, ^/^A-tiftrrfft^if— i'lilural, C'H<;POV Irviiluil wilh 
■rjik'nitA |»n|jLcli. n fL-'ii!vi!<I, with Jn-<im[)44iiUm t-f ^HO, ifl" fsjrmin stfiil, 

of liatvt™, if t™->lvf>il \nU\ mor»li-[.iwi %t\A 2 Al. nirlmiiiu »0"1, Cfl*. 

Hj* l^i> oiinrpltEo wiiitiuiiifiii "f ar^imia cniupfliinfliii^^j' WM^iTtc ■oma ut 
thpin Ihroti^h rnt'hat puru^Iaiii r.iihufl^ — Viv irmEiniE otii1i<i ndil with Oil 

i]f (crm, l;iln*n in it* ivMiwi wiuip, niiy inrlii-^rt nil iW-ompflfclioriiH 
cli, hy t^i« 4ii'li'kn ipf n ■ini|il4> AiiVilAnrHt, iir nf hii inor^c^nln c»r a*nii 
niQ ooQifiouq-t. Huy i^U'iitL'tX I't im "ii'»iiJc aubiLv^'^ phiwptm;; 
\w ^httliy 'tt y»rliii\\v wiilnIrawEt, rinj lit pldpo m il)*^ t^fj^ojili 
frtinjioiinj i* 4[i|tpliwf by m n^nj^l iiLi[[il"ir "f itoiua of nnoflior fiinT^lo 
mUljuirii MTnf lUathnr omnj'niiikil, nr^uiiLi rtr TiimK4iiii\''^*'j ihnl wu iriay 
#B|ijHii«i thftl (fia ul-jniB vl' tFio if^'" i"\U'\AUf.i', 'hjiujiIh itr nirniniiihil, Inkn 
CImi plu« prcTiuu'ly cK'cirj'ifTtJ hy Ibu lulttiiLCfl vhkoli Lu hat^n mnuifA, 
•nd |li«r>lur«. imL only flirt huuiLot ^r ni'^utt in Unt i^upipooa<1, but Uk^ 
usir mlo^rg notttJun, rAmmnt iLc *itiiici. 







Tlicarlioq of im&r^nrpcwnrTioHtiJrvinut bftrrnauTtil iy tabftUntiiin; 
for lUi dlamntil, \h iba quit rHHinUiil iiriiiflipli} nf 4kr^«iue oipiiij^unJ'i llit 
nuiiilKir nf itA ntnmi itrtonniEirB thflP ithjirtiiU'r; amf nn ipLHiu' AulftLun™ 
mn tjifcp if* place. W ilJiout oojIxjij, nollilTi^ nr^jnini" ri>n i'x]nl \ Kv^^n 
thji iJimkii[itEi>ii 111 tkt riiiuilfnr d iu ■Miuii In k eompouEid iritQi'l uiii»i>- 
iAttatj rfliDuTEi Oi>( compoiitiil iota ]L1lulhl^r irriiu^ md Blldt it* ohiLnotcr 
«uUr<]|y.-*WiiJur'* *iip]a4i>irt4>h Chnf, tn Aii1phii4»iiu]t1iitrifi quM, 3^ aru 
nrpIrHiid \ty tfSfj, i» ijitvriT inuliaLHtblP It n nnlv vr)>nii eIh' iiilwtj[ii- 
bfiii'fbaorj kilmiu Lba puwibilily iti tv\i\ic{vft c«r1ri>D-iiEom> liy vUwa* 
tfiftt il <lDiWfViKi ibif riiiiiuln kimiFlinii^ mti. upun it. (^nn, i*Aonii, 



[ 



Tb^j roniu^kl uF ujiu uf tbft a1uiiJiiijl» of m orgul» «0lllHUnd \»y the 
iLiou 'if muy fluUi?Liirp» in ii'ir fllivrL)-* fuUcJ^snl by * W0» ■Mitil'«i<>lJ, 

f*'irni'tini« ornjiin ron^tiliinht* nf a rrvmjHtgftil tttn wmofKl *idlOUt 
ly Mb*titiKloo; — TbuSj ■Ipnbol, 



BlvViuty. 10 iif thit wr tbkvo iwiiy ill ftoio Inttlffo-wbiu., C^'H'NO', 

l» iflbcr 04*0) Lkio rvp|jLciii''ni of iLa orieiiiH! lal^Unot bj tb^ 
uoir oiiO n LQcum plait— Til U9, by iLo co^ln*iifl<l actum of oULbriaa opon 
Alcubul, 5H aru nwiovflJ, imL iml/ SC'I cutuf jit[a Uta nijir winpouoil, 
eblenl: 

In olbvr Avn. tjc^n* th«i mmpniiitH, nfL^ iiEtbiililuE.lT>ii, fioatoiu not* 
iLuoki tbui b«fun%— Jmuctimte bcracio tho Mmpniinil fjriiii^J by tliD 




fB 



DECoiiroanro?* or ohganic conirouxus. 



ft 



•ufnliluUuD cf lt]0 c4>iTi't|"fUi1ii]g iiuiiilK^r of nlorni of tfis ulrodiKMJ 

■ nlmlBiKV, uVm Up nil jkIiIIIiuiijlE puiiibrjr uf rljtiji [nulndo tbo viiclm)j^ 
daiDcLJhK'a. n^-.^lij. bwauB? it r«uin4 tlir^ rf>iii^iinil fonntd hf Uio snlui ' 
rif Elm alti(nii:W «LLl<-lArirN> \t\lh il,i- 4li*cninpn^iig boily. in « t(*Aa uf !««' 
C'}iiil>iiiii[ri»t] (Jikrh-inu uiilfliilc llii! owrlt^uf). — A'l iiifflni*™ i^T Ibo fofuvr' 
ni>r II affjjriliHi) h^ ofcfliknt-g:)!!, CH'. wLidi. wlicq trnAtcii with cU^tMl 

cii'twci-c*a'*iHci- 

In Uilv iinFf, thn tnip piHMiT.LiLir.ri-|>rfKliii'l of CK", jftflOdT, OCI*, I 
tflkot n^t i^a irjiliiional al'>iiii of clilnnnc, — An onaipk iv, vbidi tki 
drc'imi]oii'Liluu-|']L>i]uiii rurcrifJ in tin- kuWrtuliua— Uiui I* tn wr^ ibi 
runiiioiirid fmiiL^Kl l\y thu utimii ipf Oiq j|l»Lr:ipU'd dnmrur ami tlifp aori^ 

■ ijlixTimm— i-pinniiti rdtiiilmiiHl willi Ibu u^i-iiuiii ci>iit|hiDnii al(cn4 ^T' 
■ijiMtUntJon. u Afforlci'l ^v hciLinti>, C^'H*. ^riiH diil^tdnco. vh«n lr«1^ 
nkh «xn» uf iilibrbcH jIeUaC"ll-Cl". or more pn>p*fl¥.C"irn\ iiHrf; 
lUid wUiiD llifi 3}iCJ njo Yvmvvvil hy |iutiuli> iIid Itnv hu1iMiliittiTD-|aodift 

In tinny oTi^^nk eotitf^nn^t. H in ponibl* Id cflfHSt tbQ «afBj>]«te ronoril 
of DDc af lIiu ouijiiitui^uu^ lL_v4lr"v<^nj inp stainjAu. by tuliitiliiiivn. if tto 
nilflniJUff wliiuh j'ttrilij'.'i*!! llm nu^juljlhtiuu V^c itllu^iy] Ui net eei aafficicM' 
ijiuiLlJtjr unci irnrliiT nriJiiq cm^uiiiiIiLiiL'ua (uf hual, liglit, ftr-), Jn locb* 
CMS *■ ooo ^if^r iiiifidkrr nf [Jin mntn^hln ■ii}i4iAn<r« i« TcplmC lb* 
oriffiu^ cupipuTiiu] fiUM«» throDch toveml HcAnito Inlcjuwttj&ld alji^rv bs 
tLu IfLit itb^'Uf III ii*-i]i«h UEiv of lljf ffl^rmunl* of tLc vtidinii] tuninDund liu 
uiiiijf[i*ii:lv Ji»ujhpPATii'T. TLu", lirJtf"."hluii*i ofhoTn OH^CT, whm nnntil 
■b lliv Acrmn n) «hli>riuo, at iimtinnallj hiflior Avj^not nt bf hi adJ Ivnik 
i* flrmYprlfd. flr.I Ii.lf* C'll^n', ihnn int^ C^I^Cr, HiPi.lQto dTCI*, 
rtcTj into Cna", mill fioAlly inU- C*CK 

In «ili4'r tM)nipuiihi]p, uifl^ h i-uriinn of tlie hydEUgi-Ti-n^nni cu W 
mnofrBd by >ut]«Eilutiaii, ii* in C"H',C*H", Ac 

6DbttlliiUDQ iii»y take jtUi-ii iu tlm fuirmiri^ wij*: 
T. Oai^ ur morn alniLn »f ilid luliotjitinu tfhiob naU on ibe or^aie 
covLputiEid. unltii wkli vjiD ar mqirv utomn of tbo ranLnibblo rloiuant^ ud 
Ifirm ait in'trShnic cvatpoainl. wLiTo olbvr tkiint of ijiv uiinjf bcilj, 4qaal 
in DambrF lo Lli« *btkrftvLrJ hiuiiii i>f llio rviiiui^hbTo aijlntAiK^ «DMf Ite 
urjfaiiiFPE>in|iouEiil^'rbii».fur»ampl0.iii tho wtb^Tj^Mtiitu af hjrdrag W liy 

c^Hic . AH - ana + oiCHO*. 



jnOftdJ, 



CLkTHitfc ntf , 



t. A comfiOQQit body kU apga UiD oreaui< Bulneiurv, onoof ll<i_._. 
dllBMir' ulijliqff with Lhn rpnicrviJifrt >ub«UiiJCr, wliiln ■iioLlic* MfAM 
IaIda* Uw ]ilv< of tfin Uttci ill tbf> ci-gmiifr miii|iniii]i1, — TJiui. ia liq«^ 
■lilalMn bf b^F>iJbiric v'Ul tvr Uy-itv^u by itif* actkiQ of nilric ui^or 
of rnilpb iirout ui<t for bjJrajioii< Irj Oiv *oilan of mlpburio iLvid, or J 
Ml for !U by tbo Klioq uf juuniDum : 

CH' . Ko* - no • r <--iro(OH * c*n»X) 

C"H' ■ BO* i- HO • t-»lt*SO". 
II. Itfstreym i« ihg rlpineDl mo*L fr^qoeutry itjitHoJ, *iiJ by lb* 



svB^nvrioy. 



X9 



RyCUsHFid. ttrrmit'^, npA/odiiK. — Alfloli/dp iici^uvcrUad LjcUlarino 



Pi 



t'll^U'*«L-I"lHCI*l>lICWJ'> 



GcTJiola aal«d Ufpon hy bruiulnff ia Gnt cunvcrUtd mU} \iydrabrovaM9 

but viUftji ilitt 3}IBt nm Ti^riioviiil by c«iibL|« jmijulii Urtiiin>l>iinAJi[i? = 

CH']> Ht, nnd nftur withilmwAj of lit HI bv ptnth, CJl^L^IJvJiu- 
cyanirt mid, C*XH, mth wri, vlphU IlCl aoil rlifunJo of o>iiLOj-i'ii, CNCL 
CnJnpniiDd" in vbloli Iryuii^ieoiJ in tvpl^u'i^ir bv flijoriui'i broiniCK, "r 
ivJiiit-v |i>inuv llie <^iKnulur uf tlm wiujuul nunjwKnclii. Tliu*, not imW 
do 4cid FdiiiuuurMi mlAiti lliEJr vid <hkRU-t«f, :knfL p^tml contfiuurida 
Ihvir ii(<iitnfcl chumdnr, Imt ^rrn h«ip romprmrult rvlhiit ihoir Im-iii 
rbhhtrlrr. in ■ trwn drj^'rcr^, liou4^V4.'r. ua lIii- iiiiiiilnir vl liydru^ij-nloiim 
tpmovod It CTittlOTf r g., in AiiiiJiiD, Tltu i^uoiiHrnfidii in whirji hvdJ'n{fi>11 
i* rajduud ty i^ldoriiMi f>r bmnijnn Ilk(>wi«r athiUt willi jiuE]thiiri>ui N?iif. 
fajdroBulplLEkto nf ftaimDniD, luntud iHitMli^ J^f^i iv«ruiiiifl eiActty ftif- 
n»ipnndJiiK Lit t^1Mo irliiult cru nhliiMtfut uuder njiudihr olroJmi«UiniM<s by 
tito crtgiuaE CL>m|tLiiiTidk T!ii> nbloniii-, brMiiiinv, of iudiri« in tliuL- Durn- 
pbUlid* i> tiol iiidiBiUd by mbilttrii <it mlvnr. nut <!vuii wbcti llin con- 
pAUtt^la iimalublM ia wnttir »rt< ditfolrod la bIhjIiijI; Ujc n^clJon dpv not 
Iak4 p[Kfle tiU Lbny ur dttrnTiipn^tnL, 

Uy thjfgwn. — Atooho) by tikioif up uirffan uii pulllig «itii 
h^drrr^ii, » iHtUtfurlvtl uito untie a?id: 



■^ 



CHHl"* iO = BHO *CH'D'. 



ertiardt doM Del ftdmU tho Buhftlimiin of H bjr 0, S> ^ arid Tc, i*bi«li 
in fuel ttf>ii1d DAl nj^TM villk iLo di:»uSi4 ntuirik wtighu fiu FiriupurEion 
vilh (hm nf HI, Vi-biHi ho a^figi^fc lu Lb*wiH dummit* (|i, IH), b" xtip^Hmiit. 
lbFr<rfnrp, iljiit in iba dinynr^iim i*t nb^jliol iiitii tLci^tit^ j^nid, iMily I Al O 
*olcri lbs eomjiouud fr>r fVi-rya At, H vrJlhiJmwn. f'» tlint ihp rpfliUing 
fumiiduud urJEiuiini A aniiilior nanibcr uf nL«nuL C*ii^(>4-''^=^'0-h 

Aj d JlitfitL Uanj metiklUa uLla of orraniv nobli iu tfafilr j;eaitot 

RBto flf dryDii*4, may bu rp|:Brdf^l iH noiil^ ilrj^iJ ti'i- »» in wbiob, 
Bfourdln^ 1'^ tlm uionobiiAK^ or imlybiuiv ^'bimrLrr o' ibo o^id^ ono nr 
niDFD tfdiikB pF ]]ydruj[i<ii n-m trpliu^f by an V4|iiid n umber uf u^toiii* of a 
iqaUl^ £p, 

C'HHV . KO - HO . C'H'KO'. 

1 By Byj*an\irit aeJ-t AVLon nttoiiff nitHn nfid nnU opn nn <trmnio 

nxnpiiBiid ronlninin^ Uydro^nii, ilii fiftli dium of diy^n cflcn fvidbinw 

wjtb bj'drngprij fE-rauntr llni PUNip^iind HO, mid KO' = X UlIc«b tlic pTn^ 

of Ibc b^drcier'ti.^-l'biii, when BriiTnlr re i^iraidviKl ia aii*}Wj. lit'io (KiJ 

^^ttd w4t« *dikJ, NiimbpDildi? wpcvrntpa «iiti 

SlmiUrly, Brikfoift noid, C^'H'O*, ia in*nw*?rUd by alrunir iikrls acid lolo 



^iir» 



DEC0MPO&[T]OK OP oeOAXIC COMP0t?CD& 



Rplrtco-1 l>j No*, [f iim miLcli liwxMirlrli? ooiil bfr-iimii[iiTi>* rn (he 

pliQik Compodndf irdln thnir rFri^innl rHciiitntl rhuiiAtir, tvii aflft 
ibeinWitiitinn »f NO* fot IT [Jom^o Itn new ^i>rnfi4^nml f<i1iJ»]i0 vvJ 

lintir-r*. ^nl^ ^}i(?ii ihr urii^iiiuL «?i!EihMiiUTk4 k\im nu ai-ni. Th't iieid 
'4iiractcr, hovflvern i* attmaihtat^d hv The mt^tJEnliud. 'Vhe tvBllii^ 
vaHi|KtDndt uri j^hfimllv ^rlffiir; inivT «f thfitn JpS^jfr^la wIii^d hr«lad 
if twy do nnt o*Fi|mm(^ <inhl('<f<.'.|— hcfuif, t<ki» KiiiipniriW, Utpf oitiltk 
arbon tOfrpllipr mlli tln^ Imiw^Jv Frmiliini^] oivj;;pri of i]i4 hirj'oni'ir^d ufJ; 
Ihiij d*toii*tB with uHlitim ntiJer ilio lianimef," Thay C'*^ *fl' »*^ #«iei* 

Pbvii IwiMfl with niidfv of mtnieniiOH Jin<l vulphurir i^ciiL, u wb^a 1««Ih 

loDh or in pinaphnc of cIMnnnn j-o*. rrcn wlrlmut c-i'tiUct nf ur, 

TJiofQ nltro-c(iii]}MMin<li m^Ikt l<o rp^nM u rnniMiiHihoiiB nf niira«i 

'I<1 v^th «B otgTLnif DKiJir. cartetpoDifiii^ to tlio tf4iit|iiiiin4 «4^ar^ 
Vfvvvd in iLi- lieht, N'iErnliPDtiJc muuM avt t>« C'H'NO', bil 

I'bf n-nit-Vinl, fio vE|iR*>uii Uj tin? fomiHl* ^^»HH^^SNO', -hit-b »*>iihfl* 
1 At }l iii4ir^ (Iiun It i^i^au l>v hiihIvi'v A lUll Mpoonr objwl^ h 
founif ill []it» Tuff, iliki tIih-11 4'orn]Miiii^« Jin nui copavtriadhT potMh iM» 
nitmuH afikl ami lIik rjiiiln mppt-M^d 1i> nki«t in tlL<riit» w i\itit mibuwI 
^«]n,^ wiH* till' ouEiip'iirikl ollioM tms^t Im-I u" U> njuirt. 

Sulphiin'UM *ifi/ Wlinii itmH); fLT]tplmri4i nf-nL inL< upon nr^itovc 
■un<Lh «Ci ihlnl ntpora of oiyien tmr^Tjmi^ fnrnu woitr wtlh ptftof 
i^dnjfcn in iho <^iup<}Dnrl, 4nil 50* uhH iba plu^nF Ibt b5ih'^«<,^ 
AchydFiMik mlpburiu kcid with twimlff fvriui iqitilioboniLJo ud vtMr: 

CH- * aij» - c:*H\r*f>}* HO. 

Iilmtjo luLJ «a «nL«r w iiiEiiiiftuLv tnio an oF^ni? rmnpoubd in Ik* 
&rnia af yo* hihI j^O^— >wilU M>imnlKiii vf viMr—^d U lu* iMr aM 
oliJinbilirr. 

Thii 'ulvlUitlinn ■■ k4^i in tlic ni^n* ekriij|wuiiil niiiajDnLafl ■UvfaTfNdlMP 
Wnm AnA Hftutxnn. in whirlt npff ut nLort' uf iliu hjJru^n-fltont A 
kn4rp>''^ii 



1 



KH'i- 



■W^iJ Ny ntpilitl, ftbvl, ftrc- : ', 



Af hTi vUnii 



•bi^ ^■; bWi fti tb* hrip^iivi* piUt i>f tha iUuciHl' drcnit, m prfnfia wt 

hoiil, OHC'JIJ', >ii4 ifau ktCi uiy bt nr^nTcrtcil iMo uxi» hIJ ia iW 
fnrm of ■ poipj-ti-qilL. by 1jrli]ffLiJ4C ri. m \hv dilntU aUt^, lifU> niUUMwJlk 
tH4Biwiniii-aniHl^in. (>ff«l>r<iiL| :tK uVr up .ICJ, jK ifitM urtr l«ihv 
ftf*Of wMj 4iid ?K lf»tiifff ^U frnm tlj» »a!i^ In l!*iiciii: 

Bj iaiiitt^m, AmmDnJik urUu^ upon compouadi eoDtBiaiii; Ct. Br, 



sueaTiTUTfos. 



is 



or I, i^vH Dp t(4 l]i\t\t oXota of Itydrriirfln c» iho jtTiI^tIi^o. h»inlp*p <it 
V^dlunt hitJ SIV |iawr4 iniA fbr aimpaLiud, wUiln HCI, llBr. of HI in 
Hfxtnt^iK hiilL <iL>ihftJDiu witli llip PinitM nf nuiiiKmiiL-^CUfurnbcDiayl 
witb nmnionLa yWi ■'ociihLmlJr ami byitroAhlirlo »Ai[l: 

By SulfiAnr- 5iil|khMi uf iioUufliTtm uiUi on nurtiiiii nrj;iiiiiii crtin- 
pniJinlH in minh Ol miuinnr tui t" form rhhimfn ^^f jiptJiviiirn, vhJIo lulpliur 
oaun lIio c-'utjivurLii In dIilc? of titc plilorhf . — Tho (oailtoiinJ 4f olmintil 

Swith i>miiriQiT^€']l'Cl' famin wiLli 2 AL KS UiHolvud m nlnuhitl; 
CI una C'H-s'- Hiimliiriv. liyiinH-'hWic rtlw, C'H^t. ^vil^ >iS <Ji*- 

IC^f J^ liWQlvvd in dccliol, ii jiehU KGI vul C4iV imeroapULuJ, 

By .tmttM-j'n. whvi lIiu ajin|)aunU AibiHitaiait ^0* ^ nttinl upon \ty 

K~ >lr«ulp^uri(iv>iJ. oKhar frooor oombLiOtLl witJti huimiink, Ju |[iii<niii.-H 
> X ul Lit.- NO* ruTiikjui i'l lliu iHtiapoiMiJ, but jjk'fli up it# IO Lo IH 
of kha Lyilniviil|»hiitiD luaij. iBkiii^ !■ iif f-lii'^^ 2lf fruEii U olLitr iiUiiti* *>r 
H^, To fiiriEi niLLtiifrui'D, H^mixii, for if:k^L jiEum ur NU' i^imvcrtv*! into 
&a)i4fl|r»o. 'il\^* arc* ilcc"inpi>wii ktid rt^ pmiiipitcttriL^— I'luh rhnui^e JB 

■In bjr iha n>nv4mpn af NitrubnTiiLdi^ intu Aailino: 

cii-j^NU') . ouH * cilHNOWiFj • *biu* as. 

KvfHiiiiLrip nA<} innv ilrio bp tupljuwd by iVifni^i,.— ThiiJi Nitntholi' 
l^ili\ C*1l'X, whim U-ht<\A wuik ilIu Jintii iNiUf^li, [■ mnivnrM inln Aflu- 
teufiflv, C'H'Nh Villi rvmiatian tA o\il\iHtByr'nLav\M ni lint aJeohol b/ 

^. Offftf'n in Kii "rniiEn nmipniiiiLl inny Ih? mplunnd; 

Hj Jmiifo^jrm. I»v llio nvtlon ■>' *rrjnn'uliv, 1 hi* lnH^r i>k-»ni|»kiiiiiil l» 
IHqiuaulv r<Mu|^d C^ ihi ovv^vit uf iliQ urvnnJ^ mibtihun knttt LIO jui'l 
Xlf*. irfiTnli nnifn iti jAm-.i nf ihn uxjCBO-^At Uiofqmfl tiint** I A I, JIQ 
HoanM fnim i1id ntnt|if>iJii'L H«lii*ylittn itf ftmniEMiit, wlinii liimL«4, It 

NU'>C^ll*0' - all O r Ci"U*Nli:0' ( - C»H*AJO*)» 

Br Jfilntjffn, liknvinr fram Ibw aatjaii of unrm^iiuj inanLiEiah n«, in 
'tVTliun fiu«i^ nil ihf SH nf lliii nminrjEiiii npimnr I'l 4<4inhi]iP wuh ;10 fmm 
tbfi or);Mlc ^mjoiiDil anA firm wiih^r, *r> rbat itir yM nn> rppJw(l liy 
IN. TliJi ouc (btiu UuM not ifrioUy^ troma imiicr tho lir^d of tnbititu- 
tUiiiB, IriMMUkc ilii^ nuitiLun i^f lUuitii of Xln- »utrMjltJttriii 4iiil mluLUotni] 
bodjr kfa i]iiiH|qJ; mul ihn mm 4.-i'm|Ju4iid ili>iii u^il I^kW^ In lliik mmi 
tfpf M tho orljfiiuLl,— TLiiA .'^ At. HiIUt «ZmimJ nit n-irh :f At, iLminrknin. 
ferm 1 Al, mifiF bnd ll^nUcnumiJo, <ir auntv othar UDiupound itamoriD 

3i:"irw * ?sm = '.no * C'^ii'-N'. 



rwD 



« 



DBCOMl'OSItlON Of onCANIC C0UI^V>P9. 



rcqii^fcil iu /urm I At. of tlio uilior, whloli i« bald togttlivr ly iH. 

Ljiuii'Eil UknwiKi ■iiiJpEij-ird [liikE, ia c*rbiin oim. in J41 rriilaml 
I AU li>r^o^ni=^l III. liiitn he rr^nrili v nnmjmpiiyl nf | Al. ff 't-4 Al 
^r I At N f I At- M, Tntlng tho aloDilo weighM as given by B« 

tubBTlliiLcJ CLJiiLpuuiL*] lue *!mjlitfii]; hml [n ifknin <iu]ii^w>iLi]il«, wbirlll 
l-jkuri^nr KUppiu'tA i<) cunlniii ?lni^ we nkuy juit u vinii wnic NIL Bil 
?fc'Jl* ini^M in *niHc few rftiri bo wiiltiifl oe liu'^ 

B_r Sulphti-f m'ting rii lb* foini of liyHrrtfulplinrki «i<l or ■ mcUlU* 
«iil]^ii]ti.— Alcnhnl.o* it ft'Mt in tul|ihoiinAla of liuvlkU cvmortMl ' 

B>(Ut ilmond oil nct&l iipAn Iry iiil|tltiirvltt>d lijrdrDgou id MAitilb«lit4 1 

wilJi ATikmoniiij forma 'uLfilinlinriP^ni- in^l AkloT: 

lly Tftfurium. In tliu fonnniirMi of tpUiiHtlo of elhyl fratti «al^*- 

Tiukl« uf Iifirvlii. aod t^ittiridf nf Wiu^n, 

*. Jfuiphur tntiy bg ivi'lnrrd: 

Br Otyiffn; la bj llif* inEiim nr niKUllir oxUn. irUdl ftfn 
■ulpHiiloi, utid fmiwlM their iwyj^fit U ific nrfiaiijp ftnoifDimd.-^Jril* 
fiLvpr. Diidtr covtuln ciroUEiLalmious, J('C4^cn|)<i*K> nil of guriic^ C1F%! 
briiiiQfC oaid« of »lljrl, CH"0, und mlphido uf ■ilv#r. 



** -*.»ii' 



11 uf AH flfiiiciiii jQ anori^uiflrDiikpnDii'l r4rD|JaftJ 

.__ ir lonipnUEiJ.orEniaieopiiifirjjahLn, M irnaln quMtitT 

«r vMcf tF|ftf«IC4 nul, firni>tf>!^ ';i'i<4ir.lmj; \o iiMitn <if tbo COf^fDnod^ 
jii>mrti>a*!i ffuni lh« hydrukfvn '>r (lit TirBt contpounil *(id llw oxjfn if' 
ihv trvoitd, fnEiiiiliiim frOTii e1i« Ls'Jriitfcu uf lUs ■•cKiird noA tba onv«n 
«f iJifi nml. Tlin fm pull lid Oiu firniird liy niiUtiliitinn *ibUiaa |bw^ 
fert die rviMiLnJi n1 iIhi (vn (■nin|i<iundH nnilc*!, tlinl i« In Hy, itw iM 
BOni bouud + ihfi Hcoodt rntii'uan c-^iriil nDDLtiOT uf il- and 4J-iktum*- 
AdflotdJaglyj (farbiHt uminc* ilio vKiiitom Af tliv (Mam%mg 



Aaa—h _._ _ Mi" -in* XII - \tii fdtfc»«(, ibrtfgt.. fhw 

UVTNil'i A* * MP) 
AnMivrctiA) Mfilitcn AiB* -H<*AjB -*lr (dHbr«it, f>MlW«v ft<A 



(lti].«i* -F Milk xiil - 

Pvtmip *>U 
A Mil' fe««i 
«**4-ifM ... 



S|LO--0< -MIO* -Ni 
VflMJ*-0* - ^U>ir ^ !(a 

ni'o'-.o" -niio" -pii 
r"irft'-n* - cnifr -■ n. 
r^iwi^Di - c-M*oa - A# 
<Nroi^ir-oii^-3fi 

<-l|'i>-ir *C'I|4|]**E 

c-iVN-ir-cni'K^A» 



{lUn<B«— M 



DAT jn^TtuLirion. 



« 



EtamplM!0»iLlicnpii!,C'Ft^f>',TrUh»NH',yiiiM»*HOHiiiiaOKiimiJo, 
C*H*N'(?*. Tliij mKv hr\ rriAiAv^ v a fompnnmi of Uio two rwidacs 

Beniiiip, C'*H'. wiili r(.nr(*iirrnlp<| nUrk' TmR HO, NO", yMfl* SHO 

I At. WLH>,]-^pLm, O]\^0\ wj(lf V Al. nA[.UnpiD uuiU, fiirmr Sulpbtj 
jiieiEjyIid Bjild=CH'0»,fiS()'. Thii PuarlJoTi i» siprf«B.I by Orrliar-K u* 
follcwi: 

PB*0*, Tliq-, Wiiixl--i"rii, OH<r', ftniiS<f' {o,m \10 nirl *iilpU(r? «f 
liMtlliyl=OH^,S0'. In Lhit cfl»i\(i*fJiarilt iltmMc^f&cfoininlff, bocinao 
Uf r'EMn^vriM ibr Blomic u'4>i^li(9 oi S nn'l O ut (wicfl ibvir Ei>ii:ii vuluiit^ 
•tiH (hrrffore cDFi|ir7»4 g At. <jf "11 "f vilniil, u ([l*i"i in tiiu JlDnil-Uridk 
^^U'O', fur 4V-vrilLikit iit KIb <FWn atuinio *i»ijili1-', SH'^*',) hi Vii ^oh- 
wmffd in iW .^ptiiPh. Tbm. W At. wi")rI.>|ni'iT, t'h'O'. wnb ft'liti*, 
farm iKO ^nil ? . CJI^UV^'il^O', arij aiui^ti thv aiiljjliurle ctoi*! tuuit 
h*rv ;ivfii) (Fp lO tu furiii iHO» jE^ najjiin mint I'l^ £MI'0^| 

Utliur^r-H"!)'. Tliir, iKvdM.nir T« tiir flHinftry vusr, =Cr*H»ll tOHO"; 



E. I)fV'i3ffponthtit ly Jleat. 



>Liiii1ic lioil nL 



O^ Dry nr Tirrti-ui^ivo D'Atiiffiluoi.- — Snnii* ori^Kin rtnirii 
M low n tomjHTUIur'i tlinrn wIipfj It^Ml^iJ in n relmL, iWy i«« or«r 
laoliiD^d, tii|ic«liil]y jf i]k(^ nir Ik< v^iluiloil; ^ </„ AW^ul. ciAicr. Tub' 
til* mlk.^Thi' nir m tli- ]L|i[iar,i.LiiJi nmy furm im»cir HiuiI priiJucU Ly 
oxiJnlinn, n^d llin<n Hill iM {iii'it uvc witlioiil ilMiitruihbMilrDii ; ',;/,, 
ftnnH tjiinirtiiiM nf rrnin formoil Wn vi>]»lhlo yjJ^. 

Ulftcr *if-;iirihc coii>piufld*H mi iMi.' ciPiiULiry, ivliii'tt vowhl not bull ItTJ 

IniqjjTnhirr, tlniT kiiiiJ «( tliuKiJiipiMitiaii aUdJ, D^^JtrnpoMiiv-ii hf/ D'-y cr 
furt^rw ihrfU fit "I'll. 

ifbkh tbtir ttvcuiitjMulEiuq li'L'lrt^r, |>jim u\i^|' Iu u {MM^Iui^i i-i.t<:ut u^njn- 
miTiitftM"il. 



CI 



For llin vuiiiritth Jiinl i;juin priHluimd by lim ilin'iFinpiiKJEifMi uf 
Xhn fliip jinn, trilt^' Jilt tlii^ntbrr pjrL ^f tlin pikinpiiimti bcliiu' thn ljitiEiii)f 
tcio[>crviiirt in iIip form ui vnpjuii. iii*l u wniw rviipnT^ttn hi ilio nir 
c^'iitiduraMy bi?luM' itB bullrni; pi>iut (L^IOHJ.— Tbue.^inliir uvjJ. uorg&rW 



hcid, JLi>d ulliirr fiUCy Aiiidj'i hlmi |nuEd ai^iil, mid amLuiji idlmr iTaiu'p 
iApl>i-n-Mu0. Atr,. ijriil[<iyn hut imrlinL ibmoitipiMilinii, ^urh i'i)»]|]uiitidjt 
DH^ tlitrcfan bo T'dntJllicd WUhflUl druoinpiwitloiii \i thnv bi? bmliul ih 
u v«ifleN to ■ iDuijierutufo ftbiitewLot bvluw iTmi ^t wbkli ihcy [Loroni' 
; cff in 11 fidv Ait\\WnU*ry ;i|PjiunLtiLt [ilb'd willi nir, ur in a tub« or 
coaieml cnlarjEnniptit <>f it, lhrui]||h ^bith h puh^jid n ttmurii uf n'tr—ftr 
lU *ir»xtr(i no njtidbio^riWtiin— <►/ bj^iiij^<"*> i'itti'K''iiH <»' oitbcmJo 
jJ^-u» mImv wliDU vuiofufry bvnlccL in vhcuo^ \fj'f''^p. tiny'LuHoCj Anri. 

A coiilmr^ wliciu i- dicrtud by laiid^ lirU'lclu-l, A'p,, ruixrd in l.tritu 

ttULIIici vltb ibo of^Eiic LtmnjKtiiitd, ^tpu it lUo bulling \\*A\i^ of Lbit 

MTttpvund bg bcLovr tbo IvmiJ^ntnro ai ivliiib je J«cuiii|<u;oj; ibr lb* 





» 



MOONPonrnw op ooiqaxic covroufcDs. 



IfuL^ln of vajiaur n-tv tnvfUaaioMlly ruUitwd by tint irijlvivulviit ikuilv%| 
«iiii nwni bv Ibc l»?pkt vlii«b jMioetnlm tli« coateimo^ v««^, i« iW 
4fsr«* ut it1[ii:1i iIjoet ilvQuiDiiOiolSun tftkei ^Uh AlcoLol a |iuUdlj| 

TbenDAM of ■Iwvimpo'iiiini] W Hnt itrii nn fcTlnirf : TI10 tfi^lir*/^ 

tlmtanLji in (iir urgntiic eiviti|4MiuJ n-rc bciM t«jr*iibr-f, Ttm4 
•iQnitin nr* bmi>£llt into iumidd tj biiiLi- lliani ibu* ouvi 
wliipb oiiiiUkTi ffHrtt "JVEru 'lomnti»fi-fi ui iciiirli Irnai^r TL-dtporMai 
ihfD i»iiiuJj iiintELjii Jiir^D iir uvue.^tv ih&p lulr, ftuirrv^r. ibm 
mniiy nnwjthim*; Afuiin n^Uln C*H*C1*. !> h bfnlv rirli iu mygm; tit 
Ita yiLiHiur in but IJiiIp ultfiyl m com]Htiiirjfin Ijv nivbicjf tbnn^ atti^' 
kl M Inv Tpd hHt i Bivr&lri Ahtl rynnitft nf pnirvili »Lki, ntr not 4Pna». 
pmril wtiDR bMled to I'J'rf n."lov«a out of roPtAol vkHi oir. 

|q Enm^DDodi cuiiikiuiiii; nlin^Dnp th& iilAiriLv i>f iltti elcnwal fnr 
■Iml»|»ii likwviuft ummU ibo ihiDuuipiMitidD, ~J'fj< iimEnf>niH vUr3i ii 
(h«(i rtbttaJuilly fntm^, <Ioh ciitt, bawo^^r, pua fivnr in Uip frt« vtiBv 
lilt III ciihutiliiaihnn u-iih bd ooM. ma vridi OdrlKioi^ n»l'<< 4clit. Drf. 

If t^io mi]j|ji>un'l <Mrilniti« cblupfnt\ brornknr^ liulino. up «LiJ]rhur, Atm 
«l*m0iirt>» if (boy Jd not at-'panirf in lli(< fni: itiitVn or aqlcT Into «-flUci* 
nr^nii' utanjpniini^ ntn ^'iTrin 4>7 in H'liLibjiiUMoti Htlh liv^rvitm, in ib* 
fiimi uf liyilruirMiirio. bvln>bn"nn?j lijiIrimliF^ or bytlrotuljilrurlp «niL 
Ptirt of lliQ luljiliuf nrrJ f>b[HjfiUD luaj^ i^laa bo cvdvc^ In Uh farm «l 
•tilpKiJd of clJtTiUa uf carbon. 

At liijili trpriiwruturtui^ timivovfr. JvmiBiHitittDa Ji fuHiUlnl bj^ 

[■MBIty of bul Eor tbofO irluini<rjl# nliJo^ hftvv a ^ciU iPinlpQi'y u kMum* 

^IHp ^C'iiu* fifiia: bcuoo jutl uf ibc< hyiLri^vo *0't nttrkJ);Trj Hf^ jjivcatf 

.Sii LHd *(Sil« (if )^, Ibr i|U(uilitv tliuk cfvUuU ini^nujibg villi lb* i^g~ 

IpamtuH; far vvvn LIju bjilrw^iubvnit fiintir^I aL n uvdtmta bni nkv b* 

PMnUvJ »t lii|[ikvr tfiqiiwrjLtuK'f mUi ]tydri)|*"ji ^^i* u4 *«ty eftfboo, 

Th» htat inay kW mibjnr u illif40AJlJi>u tut tlio lornntl^iTj ^-T volnlilv 

'Argwiic (»in|ivuji4li, Abit^b, wbi'ii urate pruiiiofJ, pw oior, Aud ar* 

tbui titbilrwrt from ibo UoixtPiiWiiji u''Lii»n t>i a*trofi(« bHL, 

E^o ncm|-.' *:\i bj4lj-i>;jVTi «j><I nH'ii);viJ ^'Mj tbr ^jfj^anir ftJinj-.uuiJ (iiblaiB 
11 bo ^iinj vf iL^T morr bl^iMy iii^i^^iiltLni acl-li. luth u ttxtHc uVunM 
bdd) luv Atj^u in l|m i;f'''^<*> nliXirt (|iiu.iiLi(y, bjttn^b tfJ 
uitr^h in flmiJIdr i^iumlirj', nlulu ibij ruitlilito brdonic* nwliQmUjr 
riclipr in ^inrlwu, 

lloDw (liCH tdIiiILp ornnlo caiapoiLn'b wblcb 4f« rJoboit In oxyM^ 

■Utbv iicMa to J iLltdliufLpTirjUiilt. (AM crvif nrinci | ftlly %\ lb* Vf^OkflC 

sf ibn HirtJllBtJuii, Aiiaoitj^ .Il-Wi. iW nxtnl frnianht H WlH* arid- Ii 

ti fnriiif<l m iipd'iiil ;t^)Uiidiinf' jr tbo JullllalHrij laf ijnni|'>iL1)4i^ neb M 

Jpp, S"™" ^' *cnh|, wbkb conliufl tuyp^n noil byJru^ii bi abo«L 

DUlritiBtt uf »Kiii»» M> tbut Li fJiily ro^iijrH lift tJdilLvn nf ui i^mI 

ir «f cArbuu-Htuin* ru Umxii iwKEir uulil. 011*0*. whjth. bfiaf 

P^ulatJIc, u frilbtlnvn fmni tbn fiinbi? r ilr^-ikinpofiiiig MUDA Ij' lb* boL- 

^Iftoy orfttuLo r«m|ri>undi yiflii uibi^T i':!-!^, wlttcb In tuDe <■■■■ u« 

Iuito jH«olSifcr 10 ibeoi riVJ. r-i^] Tbc ultuliulk ZiuuiJi prwlond ia 1I4 
ry dutitUliun uf ■ Ufi uqpanju [MiujiuunilB an, Wood^ml, l^|ina^ 
Afi]i^byili<- an*] A4(0a'\ 

Ual u the diMilklloa p»<!«#*l^ nj|»p«auiJ? «i»tA>aii^ liUlt or ■» 



TUT DISTTLLMIOW, 



» 



matt TnlftTili; oitiir^'tvuiiikti.c oW. Cli'. TIji* I»L lw4 l'jilroadH>oD< atro 

€TolvC4l d^.ivtl^ frum corupuamU fUiiEniiirEi;; bul 1Jul« "lyjf <tLtb n» 

tktd (Uiil nuiua; L1m« k'^^'^'''^ tLi'lt irru|PurLJ4*u m (liu ypLni!^>ii' iriLiiiini, Lliu 
tuuto lirilDiiUt jx il* IkiJKH r^^id thv Itnlt^r i' il iuU|iLp(i fat iifuiiiiiiAtiDEi,^ 
9. V^Iiltltt oili ci'^^rilL/ bfiTiiLc hD oflcikaLv^ udvur, and drtienniird, 
from ilitflr uioJa i^f furnuitiijn, m Kitf'ifi-^vm'irii Otf*. Tliv^ Hf« >iydn- 
akrlHiiii, ftuiiLi'iiirif* putu, ■uiiii^liiiLri ili^JfTly uijiLwd. Tt iWt-* v\n^ M 
PtaIoi^L* bolunjf thti livo niiipyn-nrustiEi inli wlii^^lt KsnUiv <>l't:ki]iiiil 
from fat, nlra «iipiniin, i^trmim]'', iiWanirvr, mil kjipiinnKir. ntpliiiiiivl \iy 

F'vniv, C-'iK'fU.', IdiLin'Ut uciil I'tLi'PTf, .If. Ai^- — ^i, dimf\tii>rvi-iai tt/m- 
jutfn-^i, wliicb may Im c*]l<nl .ffjnjiyrmmjrjic f^imjt/inrt or y'sintn)pltHf$ 
Id ^i<[)irF^, ihpy f|Jiijii<E M'ljr-llj nf rarUin uin-i hj^jruf-n , Iput ioilio uf 
tlii-m i»|-]H<iif t-* bp pr-jiluflvHJ, fmai ^iiIhit if^ilurlltAriil (Viurj'uuaJv wliiiJi uto 
*u1iJot'tiL<iJ U> l!w fufll^er ai'Ti^n i>f ft evil Ijiwt wriUiTi lliu EL|i]>jin]tud,^ 
i. K^mrEi-, wTiicli Ti>Jiy be atluiJ Kvif.'f/mnnntic Hriiti; rawKAimtig hut 
Ulllv oEVUfii. mill ifcntfmllir diirk-dQioiiTnii; ngL:nn];nj: c« rnv^riEorboik^ 
tnDif) nr ili^'iu i)i*i«>lvu b»it1i >ii jlIimiIi^tI t\iA In |4orA/v|j, uiljon only fn 
atM■tl')^ olWn uvuin uuly Lii I'I'IiuvIj, J. IT tbi: i>ri|;irjnt oornjmijint oQ- 
kiiot bitptiffi^n, Vul'ififf Afh^'flli nro iiW given ult. luvb im AniLinr, 
CirXr IfHiikol, C"trN\ [hbrrbc, ^uiiiiiiiUt Oluiiiiu ami AuMiuhlliiv, 
iicc>tilMi;f tn UnviTrJitTbrp, — ^ AijLtvrM-h Ilam iriilniikHl, frooi tbi> <tinti]|ii^ 
fjnu of liODt- oil, tliriMi mrm vi \\nMcr', viv., (],) amnK^iiiri ucitl n tftriu of 
Wwt liOQi'>i'«guuB witli ii, vir, |ip1i<tliv1amkiiP-^(7H^N, I^ClivEuiiifUV, t7*>|^^, 
Pruiijlhiuino. C*H°N'. ilitWlainiim (peliTimu), CU'^fC, Amyfjiujin*, 
r'^lKv, »ijd I'rulHiMv hiM CBpniuniim, C"H"X; irnmi \>^w all \iila- 
lititn Mmv t\\i'. — (V) A unriMH iif IfViin bnilin^ jiLNfT4< 3Vt » piviitW ;a 
ll)t o)l. ImmnbigitD* with nnc ftiiul)ii'r, and irniarkiiblc ivt thrit t>unie(Liiii 
vfcth tbd forifu fl£ whkh boSllnc fiiTic t^p^: tln^o irr. f'vridiiip. C^tPN^ 
J^fnliDV) C'^E^Nr i«i>inviic wilb iktiiliitc: uuU LuLiJia^^ C^IJ'N', wiufltiq 
Willi U'bitdinp. (fir) A tfi'w* rit 1u>44i b^tiiiulitfMiiA u'4tb iCiinjcp'i p^rml, 
%ut\ ibiirrfitre -rt^ai^nnU:'! |P7*-vi*"niiiiHy rw /'yriiti h'l'f* , Hitj i»]ij«iLr I" Iw 
o«CL|i]cil mbttiLiiLciH AiiL4lftlDjf of I'lCDiibon if tho p^Folloe't^rtvi in win- 
LiiitkEibQ whh :i iihT iiijiFtr'r, wLicb lopftnttiA vbiw tlitfV w biinlpd vrilb 
■n 0t(nd qf liydriwibloric rkcicf. (Andiimut^ JT'Jl PhU- J'naiu. Hit, V, ;^7i 

tUtr. VH'm »-f (hi., ./ a. rift.) t 

A* lKc moK vulnlilo |iro<Ju«fn c«tric< lulitaDOft of continDikLlj' dhnl- 
■iibifij: vulhtiEUy ruuiELiu boLind» oua eLpbu, u tlrn If^mpnntun rluK^ 
artlio' KViilvi'it iiiiitluirnd m thn ^iLhinPUi fijMii, nr rivihlvnd iiaU> man 
ilrjtiir ntpiilj^rii nint nviiliinl |imihiiiUiif nliU ^'nb^r Ht^ij. 

Ibr LyilfLkucn, akrvip'n, nml o\y;'rii, vli^plt HfiaII^ rviiinJij, im oitber 

ilfiQli'nt In tmn. willi ibt *lnjl"!uf lUo rovrJuii] c'[i.rbr>ii, ■ iMinputind 

rliinli JH vitlutllii lit u- lii|;bi]r tiriit|»»:ni[uri'. In wblrli nunii nttlbiEiiE (uinujin 

the rrrorl ^ or, tbf ri«lu.livi< L|(ijujtiiv «F i.liii citrbnti In 1*^0 ^rnLt ui 

kli«r wlialtf iotn sncb * fiat« of nuabianlXfn ; aud ilton, u ibo liuuC 

kl<pfHcbi* t(j ruilnu, tbi> dxi^vjb ifiuiUas bvhiQd Ju (Ut f^rui i^f rliufi-yrjj, 

Hilt nnmbiJi'ii! vnh -.muIE (JllHEJ^U)1.'• "i tlio ulb<ir tnbHUiLCii*, ivbidi, U"*- 

tft. mv* '"pumlffT ihf inun' r"iilil»*t**ly ibii l6« nuijdiji.^ (n fliridlj «iibjcrtrd 

Ci'Mipuuudi f^iElniiiiiitf ri lUQiiLum ^uuitUjr of ifKfpvn, taub u >n;^T, 

im, wnfid^ 4tii] i^liiiv b'divii, if tlui^ urv iMiL vidbfJIci, iTk^ lari^uxl 'JiiinLil/ 

QitarciVil; beotan a ln/^o iiurEign of tlio bjrdn>^, wbjoli Vvabi otbt^r- 



ib 



DECOMPOaiTTOH 0? OnCANIC COMPOfNDS* 



Vht *tMmw tbcr carlnn. is i^nmortoi! hy tht} oxygpa lulo miff- Tbua 
>DD'?it Itava niuT4> ^.^huvDnJ tn pmiiurliun u ilioy ^rv hoMcJ 

'Vnriy, bcciLUJHi Xha ^uftiLtU^v f>f ^^ulcr rurvLnd it tJi^n Vikfvite i^rdatrr^ 
^\'hflTE lh? |>r(>|>jTliiii erf erxyi^rit Ja lir^^ lbl4 ptirii^Mil hlxi tmd< 
VftlatilnQ t^<> «uIm.|i, in llii> fonn <*f rvfhknnr iwid »M iMrKijJiio axvl«.- 
M'Lm lliD quniihty <if m^^tu ii oiJiiimrTLtivi-Iy ptimM, ihtt hydi 

.foiubiuoii i-liirllv vjlli llid curbou, furmmj vubnlv fvmpDliod^ Hieh" 

If Hip pum [HI nihil, iltiriak' Jry itiehlliiLion) ]ii#^ ioU- « fnvd 
|. anrf.ancrl cUlv. wliri'h (< nin^l frvi^iik^iniri/ iIjp A4D, Llia obarv<ib1 apja 
bdatcil, iik? EliaL rrjruivd fruiii rvxfu diiil aiiKart Vf ii4 jJl cvmu n 
p^rOQft, lika lEint Truiri Idiiarii! v.\d xtid emit, Bui it Ibf oomiifA] 
woml, f«>r Ptitinj>b>, tvinAmn tnViA nbJ1f> ■ciiltjrrtnil tn iicnl, tli(» rlni 
ftill otbibit^ lltr- nrljjinal fiiTiii aiirl infi^rnu] ■trtiPtlirg. but It c^nli 
III vol unit. 

(irnly liimtln b«n-t, llm pi-iHludtN fiFinfJil am diJ&rnnl rnrm ifiMt abv 
iiikkii llicir Ei]i|tL>4rB4hrn al n IiibIiit tAinprjAE-iiri-^ tl'O r^Mue vlijE 
Ti'mainji af1«r ifio mi>rv £viitfo h^ntliij;, ftrtd F«lfU lictompn^iiloit ■! ll 
tempcr-jian.', iiil1«n % futflier 4!c4<urui>u>i[ivri llL 4 fVriaJii mtbtff t«»| 

PT'liliiii. wliivb i<i uiif <)invi]np<''<iifl iill niiv] tab T^t hi^lwr Uii4|iprBluj<\ 
trtiPD l( tgnin yirMs noir proHiicK Jio. &c., till duUy aotluog brtj 

^iKiiiEy jiktiiiLjiii, luiuEULirli jia il favniini tha fi'imtLliDn of tafwar 
liimdi (^11 , -J'-T, h11, iii[ty riimn n^i nrj^iinii: fitnipniiml t^ hq oolPjilctcJr, 
rphilvoil lulN iaIm.iIo |ii>idiirl* nt a Toner l«lnpcnklaro lliaTi U vooU ff-l 
liraiol aloiw. TIjh'^ 1nrijimol»l mUeJ ^iili >V4n^v platlaoRi u<1 aj*> 
fullv liL-aU-(l, ^u'EJ> tiuLliiLi^' IjiiI. tuflmiiir lifHiJ itiia a 1nifl*parral uJ 
PDlbiLfl'u, i^r^;-LuJ]iiiMblii (It-EiIIiLlUr {[E^itM'I ^ Milloh.J 

Tha iitTkJucli of Jf^ difiLllaEtou miky be unnf^ in tbfl rollftvifcc 
dAihra. Arvnr^iintc tn Ibtir t.-iEL'ni:J r^irma ; 

1, G-nn- Iti-LEffi^rri itiid iiitrDirrii ;'riii'lHij]iEr fniil«, ftrbofuc MHt 
byiftaotdotif, b^iIrotiTnmip, fiTdriudk. mul byJnHQl|^buWiE uU AMaJ^^ 
lunii'^vs uli Ubiii ffi*, flad (bi' ^u ffum FafEida/i dim*! vutnlib vBfT* 
rhumnfK' nil. C*B*- In Ehiii ptHViia LiLLiluri.', l^^i vn|h>E)n nt Miipj»<-i 
Biitie oilivhd uf >til|i1iidri of aubon urn al>4i ^li^Tnar-t 

7. lV*titry DUiUhi'. Tl)? wst4<r codudi^cU in (bta dlMillut vw 

•lUinr htludin! M <ut]i to ilic uruuiipc cuji>]KiunJ^ or tt W bvm fo 

thii bigb litmfwniliiEU Ui -nhwU Uint I'uiitpmju^l bui liuvu aubjKlfiL. 

lAff 0lj(vn an4 byin>^i.n mnuiiii'il in it- In tliid w^ltfr u«iiiaMl--^,, 

Jo COIUQ it" \iniv\w% aWli'hlic 6Liitj4, «iinb bi ablrb^^ vooJ-^iM^ 

jttta^ inJ itr«t«uiL — h. Almost UwjiyD ifidf^ of nbioh Uu bio** h^ 

[au«Dt M Jic*lrri<'i'l Hdiiv i]ui v/ii%nvy dialilUlv vblftiwJ In Uh drj di^ 

iVdMion ft jt«iii-ai(il'inid gruii-Tii^ tHMlivM ali^Dtl slvi^ ba« mi t/n^ 

mtflliou, -^ f. 'rirt vulory liiaUJkto nbuiavd hvm riJoiJt«d tuUUHC* 

•duIaiub aiunll i[iihuliljf« ^i by Jki«^ tiilo iiclJ knd br^'fl <|CUblilifi aT 

amniDBiB, Wbcn tlic qukntily uf lliaL Im>o i« but muuIL il ii cooi|ia<il/ 

iDMfd br ibr ar-<iir h^lcf ijf urtv I'lb^r vtruiij^^r wid th&B mj b* 

lit And Ibc WftU-ry d<«[iJ]tLp iLill nbJbiU ati uid nMtJnii or >• 

.-ulruT, bul in l>ie ilialilku ■i1iiiiJn''d from v\fM u.*(I|p^ b>JiHL ihaa* 

tiuii^T \cv\i art nDl [ptt^*uI in <u[l»ci4'Mi ijiikTiCily tu ODalnliH db« 

Li^ ijDjinttlj i>r *ahiiivuia> ibo fxra* of irbiclip lbtfr<fl>t*| v^Ut *UI 



J 



I»tT PiaXJLLATJON, 



«l 



tbu Afivtiic ftdd, Md K Ihp form nf obrbanblo of miunubiii, iia|uM« ml 
aJkaiinii mution to llie f^ntd. By tLM chinKlor « n-in-ainErnH urcmnio 
oompouQil OLfty tw ilittiiijiuitliDi! rnriuuiiu whiuli funLamn uiIru;^i.Mi, TLi« 
trmior vk^iIb iij ilcIiI ilinri^iuluH wliiflj *4iib rmL (p>v oil' uiuutuilkl hM'u 
(111 lIlii u-Mitinii of |ki[iL-]]; [lir liklErr j^Wj* «il]i4<r mi nlkH^u'i (LiTihllnE'^ 
vr. It It CDLitnini hut liitlc urtn>p^D) a ncutnl or ackI 'll^idb^i, which 

«riran{e poiu|iounJ lf1ii-k^l«o yli<liU uiuniuiiiu hy Jr^lntoliv^a i|i«EilirK|Jon, if 
U Ifu |frurluiu1jr iiiiiii>d avIlU hUiv, TImj*. riim-iLniliJi: *linti1l?'l nllli tint< 
iDiitli i>f ila weiglil c>f niuv yioUH nmniitciiii nnil it pyrui'^i'trii' uLfucoiJ 
eDDlAminf cyv\U\i: nf |Httiihmin- (Viini^tK^lin, Ann. t'^m- J:J. ,MJ).^ 
4 Tlie v^iy ilirlillmo from tpotier^i H^rt-ibtrK "iitiniAnnct mrkj Afni cnu- 
t4ii» Tolarilt QFfPittir nllhFilrti'liu (AinLT>.'in.) * — it. 'VU': wutcry HiiifJIJAtfl 
liki'wtr^' lifitd.H in ^vhtlrun n oinuEJ 'junnlify u{ thn tJirrj nmltur uut tu \k 

."J, ^a7^ or T'li'-j/ iMtiifUU, Kavpifnuinglic Tar.—QfanraMy a broATi 
hinl fniji] riiijdiiro of hIilTnri>[ir. (^mpyrcunialir oiln, f«iiL|tlinrF niii] tmini^ 
wLioh, noi^nnlin^ &> Unvi>iiJ4>r^4'ii. may likuwEH^^^uatiirii ivinLilr LklkiiloiilH^ 
« hriiwn iniM'My 9iiU|pini>ir, ftu*! iLUuLlnL^r Lrckwri ^u^il^fioo mtfiLtiLu iit «ikU.T 
HiiJ OiIvuIjuIh miJ riTuijiitf niLli fi(ria.ih Iqirym u»J liiin'» 4juiii|j4^ui|4li wliivli 
trdaip]ijML' ict wial4*r, %W, wJtli thii ntrllm. rniij|jf>iiitiiA irhicb hiv i[i»i>luL]u, 
fUtP im]i tMi«'i 4I I «-■ ivwJ )'i \n'it'*'!\i tn Ibr fMntm "OKuni'^ tUffwIif ii*y nln'^l^ 
hiwi itii<itiiH4tr'l (|h rvj]i TJn' i"<nC folid tiif i» ihut n^EuTinii from iln tiioro 
hitfbijr Motiicil oniiiprpnni^6i tufh u f^^LitLoo aa'l 'f\\iKt!< of Vl^jf^ Tho 
o&ntlfe t>]uur uf luodi cmpm'UiuuUo run li Hi:rLI"'Ll hy L'ih>^crJorb«n 
ii'<m. Si 3<^^ ^^T. niiJ 477} til ki |HHmLj)ir oily v.-tA ^luch If vullt 
tntfj/iTuntitfie lunt [/tnindta'iji'), l>iTt wliriih vilfii^ willi flia iibtim isf 
IIm? origiimJ Ccinpuuiiikj baiiig aonjetimsi hfi-liL«r|<Diii<^Umva houvirr, ilmu 

4, Siih^*ti^i /^mJ.FiViL— Tljo*p prii»lni'!" puiiiiat t-HT^tiTn™ of ■" ii^iH, 
^ j?'i |*¥ii>^IUQ uclJ. Kiuviiuiuuf 4 c(tru[fliur» tumoiiirm uf oarboiiDie uf 

5, Chnrooftl. 

luiiihl^ Iac, «uMirijaL"> 4iiil i.'liriTU'iikl, Sui^li in lliu '>cm] tfitb K^lttiu* 
Al'inru*^, ^0 d iti hIiJcTi rliv PuTplimiLfci 4'iiii)»ULi uf uHMXHklD of uniinun'iib 
OUwf ririii|n>iiiLiJ», lUi tn^i. v/rHxly Rftm, He, yield gusa^ ■ initty hi\uiil, 
IM, ftliO clurc'-4.1. Iiut w miAiuixiv. 

Many iui\d* nm wlinlly imnolv^Ll iitin vrotur or (OjIpnliEli a6ii\ for both 
i<>i;i>tli4<r}, And oiiritr iiir>ru dfid", oa1lo<l i'^fo-^uU, cvnntfiin^ lotaoiytfPD. 
Th* <ltpi»m|iPMti"n i» ii-i4 <ilt<'nfJoJ v^id} tVitluti^ii r>f giit,— I'l^^oplini; tn 
n-inimMTi. iTiifJiuritD ^iciiip ur viflt K'ffnrHtiun of chjircctJ, oapmiJiuly if tU4> 
lial ^ cu-rurull^ apjiltnj, Hu lliiil Iho uhw cam^Mumk, tiL tliv muiiicTil uf 
iLiiiE fvululiaii, mny not bn i^ijioiukI Ic a nLmnci^r lii^nt, atid iJiarflUy 
rwa»1nkl i"ti> rlnuvitrkl juid mikn^ ^pniphiuiii.-'l nviiilM>»rj4. ninLiIliLEiuu of 
Cb» liiiirf « iliiiHi^iik>litiil by IVlouju.' {Ann Chf.m. /'tt^t. 6ft. Wi). *Ko 
kuM ^vtortbnl hvqiuL mtiniiL^'* vi It, by tliv tfrm Wf'tf' lUtCiftistion 
Iffi'ntfhljim AffiH^f), iIlc iPtltor form nf lUit jirncvu, in whii^fi oltnTTODJ 
nm^U bcabinJ. h"Jiij£ Ci^Hn-I Blt<'Ji MrtUTitum {DinfiHnti^n tmin), 

VnljCMtnid (rijaniilnrrxl ib* WirKii-ls whah i^tinikLy liiMLU'd lu VOa\ iJi 
feldiMt Tvnii-t^My kwItoJ Into wnu^t nnd mrvli-in AOid, wliinh iJitvLil onri. 

t'|l'0"-;iCll'O'j f-mo, 
Li l.^0~, it jiddt^u prEiiMJfai products a rwiiofl oF fumnrio vH, vrhiob 

TfJU Til. « 



tt 



DMrOMKinTlDM Of OVCA^fC OOUPUCMDI. 



It pnlvmcrio villi malAlv uid, utd mfty lit niEiHfH M ■ UbMfa 
=C'J(*0\ At u lEiifts iutlHiH \iml. UiD pn7iliii»U u« e«flkcqi« 
ttAtili-^Mj Dnif>yffiiiuLLliii iiiL tnJ cbmiihl, 

Mutta ftJ7i<L u rv#jlvpd inla t At^ «arl)D(iLC ujiJ, fl Al w^lvr, 

PjrDmucic ujid: 

TUtUM^fjn JKiLil. if morn itrun^ly bimUtil lit iIiit rvUirt. tfivva cilT 1 AL-| 
wba>I< U^d, Hid rliiilJli 4>v«r iv KbC4iiiLii hrid ; 

At thottma tiiD^ uotlwr portloQ of tlio oitria uld h d«compa*«4 in 

itilfviuiiL DUPVi liuiiiif KBulvud irtm i^elfIiuiliq uiiJa^ bavtunoh 
RTUiiiAtia ail, uf\ i-1)ar<'<>Bl- 

OhIIId 4CUif tmlvJ tijfitO', jioldji cdirhoiiic aoid utd a diilillitif 
rjrmjcAllLo uidi 

bnt at 350" U gtvui «fl' waltE Bad otrbooio mW> ftud Imtoi I|<«»| 
^lie Hid : 

Meeuuie icij givt« of duHqqLd uM> ud jifrldi b ■nUiniAlt 

Onlk acid pdirLlj iruT^liE]]!** undtoorajMHid ; anotlior poriJria 
Miolirtd iDlu wntAT, cnchiiDiii oxadd, and cnuboqln utitd j 

cnxj- - 3110 • SCO • sccj 

And A (bird |«rt into fvrinic iind outiouift Mld<l 

A pjro-viii olfUiiivd hy tho dry iliiilllKEiari uf A-iiullifr bcid, ■ 
tbnnfcrrs bn rffeutdod lU llid ariginjil idid. dvptivoj of « ivrtAin (tn 
■oinWr 4ii bhiOM of r-irliQuin luid^ ar uF wafcri at nf bglb lognbtVii 
[ru: P«Ihb (7. «AtJA. fV'i. ID> titO^ 4lM /"(N^, SI. 311). wi 
nielbod of CAfflilkliD^ thi< ilciximi^pHitinn )pf»diii-U uf orx^fr^ nnnp«a>4a| 
ill gvaDml {^i^' S^, 100). «i3 niJij' Ukka Lhit upjionuiiiljr of iKitjeof,] 

Dry dHtiUatinfi u iho Lfe<iii nf 'vrlun tf^bnin] Djxmtinu, 
ii ibfl ^Vffhwsirtiirj n^ CAir^nW and O^, And th* c<'n»>Litiii apd 
'tlon u/ ibv ^cdaitlo mutton l|j4Pc1ry |ir»ditfviL In tho AF<tiiiWT p 
of cUvTtDf OF utkiDf* la h«Ap« or niouuilj. (ho irrvai^t |A(t of im 
turf, ft nu 11 ubj^plcd (■» dry dE*4t]laIiDh \ty itii« bv>I jmduoBJ %f 
■□mbattian of tbn oi]iBt mti in ^hf i^^niigly ailmiUod vr^al U>a 
lloHh tb«4rt ii piLl 4ml (>y 'tc Iqdrh^ thn mr Jn ihu pnma, ibi 
lilttvrodiMf «if ilic d^xdUimn ue lo*( , ih<f rifioan of iirtk mbI 
off n Ibtttturln;! o( »Liod niA/, buwwor, be nindoo**^ uid A't 
Ik tk« tarm of fcc^lalt af Kmr^ \,j Atvenu iba bw «it^ 
mm^ td math, A qm« CDmjdttfi mvibod ol cutetiqs |I«m 



ni:co!HPo?^iTiOM it a hed nvM. 



proditfltJ it to licnt vonJ, turf, rooJ, fvflili, or briup* hIkI otiivr patU a^ 

KflimHli. Ut tvAnrm in flLiMHi tpwU of ott'lron or lirEclftfork. f^iilisF hj 
iDcan4 of a liirntn> nurmandlnff ttt« vfim»c[, or of koibrKt furM&ei-B plju^ini 
vUUd \U TI>c qIuLju UuMa, iffalub juuc [,y u inim tmin lUv ^ririidmEiiij 
TMiri, VT Ju>iUf^ U> pruj tLjiiii^^li nuMur B|tiu'rA, nrhttm rliiiy iIciitriKlc thuir 
fatr 4iii[ vkLi'iy lM|UiiJt ri'hilu a niiir,iir<? ni Komhiifttliln jciimm n^mii-iuri 
■Tiriinilriiiii*i]- 'i'hii rhurrJn^ [if won^l, ooadutjlrd )a llit' manner, V^^'^tv 
rltK^lt/ \i'Qtfl-i'in'jiir, or J'yufi'jmvtM *tctdt £tU)il liir ihfl impAruifoD of 
ttiu jiiircr iipotiti ooiJ aail ^f wunJ fjitric , i:>a)X. \\nA imtm {wimaiJiHy ii.uiii;ul 
■uliklikueoi. yiuhi luJK" <|umitr[i« 4jf Iiminimijvi.-J vUtis wLiirh liru imhI 
luf lLu |iru|MLrii[iiiTL \,{ jW 'inrrp^rEiire MI,, 4TH), Tlin mlxtum of mmiHU 
i]««atfd ipMM. wJipti frvi^il ly miJk of lime fruin tiarbonlo acLiJ rLnd 41^1- 
pfaurvUpJ liyriJtJEaii. >arvc« {<si O'^iffii/ktitiff. Kur lliti taLLL^r jiurpuiO) Ihft 

C^m WDvd, rtlik'li ^^iUiiu> lji.rg» <|u]LEitiri«i "f «u-l)imm uliiio bUiJ 
Im^ii, himI hit ihJutiuiit >;iij, ih IcinuL wJnnToiL ; that trtiin lurf u lurttor 
ji^ltipijiv] , vLiU UiiLur ibui fn>iii <-(>[il «nd 4iLiim»] •uU^tiinopa, wJiiuli «w^iitii-liiJi 
alvhtikt ffu ; tMiECpr ^tvii Uihei tl>Li Li Lke ^u fruuk tovjd : a.nii lh<!- ^riT&tMt 

Iiuuiiil^ nf lijjht fnr t i^i'oi) vulaiiio, id yTi'ld-.'il hy tijft fH jk».'ii<i</nj hy 
T^l'piiii; '»tly fri(1r«luni'm Ifito luinra kvpi H-i it Jul) n.-t fii^lt LI'la ^uj 
bti'iiK jmi'iirufiirly riciU in olclLant ,^je. Hh'I likuwun Jn thu mpuuf of («o 

^i$in/tviin0 poiHr r^' llt^iT. — Tlifi pvtann of Mw-|>vck nhiiii* iU 
tfflMO)' vltoD drietl Jn lhaLiii''>unjfliitn|iljiLU4larUiuury UiiipcnUjroi, mnd 
llien hiwlil for funt hnur^ if 4!' , Imt hrcouint innoruDitii if Uanlvl tuf 
four h<>iiM t'l % tiimjp«mlurr> bctvreriii 34'^- nnil WW ; hnniw A4'A' ippnut 
Id Irt lliiT liniLLh WiHflU'ii Jiu^Uiil* wliii^li liAvr Wvii vgni by pvniiiiit 
tuUi-rirk;; ffom ik 0'iutn>-iirui ty|iliiii ot aAHDl fuvor. if cl|>u<ci1 to • 
livnt vl 1f^ I", ilo GUt 4?uuiiuunEcii(u |bc cujititgivn (/> Eic&iU'y punipn", 
Honcij r»lca cf futluu iuk|jwlad uf thtf pU^uo. abuuld bo L»pvrtc*J lunl 
hiML*d ill iii)ub]« li:;iilvi] rrcffjvprri, hy "HTriJim^llii^ Ltiiiin wilh luuaaui 
VApnijf ; it ifl (rup ttinl tbo fttiVm tli"n iHH-fifDOfl very brilltn fmNi Idh "f 
wttU-r, bijl llJt V'Hii<"i[y fmy Tjl- rv«li«rud by ox^iiM lu ihoinf, (W- U*iiiry, 
/^i.', JfdiA Ju'f. 10, :Jf)'^; II, K2, Hnd SUA.) It i\ iiul yi t ^UimiImI 
whdilivr tbii ncLii^ii i]c|Hjiida UfQU tbd dcBLtui^EinTi of carUJii Of^Tinixn* 
ol iba limr nTiIurB Vkd Umu' qiirmi. n' nii liut i|(HinTiijMiNit|iiEi uf (PuiiL»ni>ui 
onftniri'HpmjtihiiTiilA. <titfioF by Ihizht ■!aiif>^ or by tbe PiiiuuLUEimiaA DtiJi^Ei^ 
1^471101) of Ibo 1^/. (Uiri.) 

b. A 4lil] ipon mnEplald tmnp^rmittion of ur^iia cuDifioaii'l> Ukot 
whnn, iii'-li'qJ of bninn i^mdhiJIy bi'UEJui li) n^Jnow. ibtiy an 
]y c^jftitO'l to B iTii h^t tty |iQiiAiiic; tbom ll^rnn^b n rviL-boI \\i\ic^ 
yg*n of iboor^iLiilr <^um|tuuhd U ibp", in niofll. rouc^ n\ni\i\i-iu\y 

into Qiiboiiir niiJi*. iinrbuuJo ildiiL ■ud v*\<T \ tJin hyLji'^^^ia 

BOt tlmrvby otihBumiidH jnnEy i'piivipcji rm ^;i>. puiiiy uti>l» wilb tliD 
Arbnn la form jfa«<:tiiii, nily, jjttrl nn-nLiihiirtriilnl roiEiiirundip Aiid portly 
M tb( nlrruacn tn form aminmiik- But llm ilrohKop uii'l miiE'ir ('owIiUiuhI 
tbi' limr CuwLteh tli« vipMur ii i-Jh|io«Qd (I-vikiii^- i roiikfiul-iMLrid ]iib*<in>; 
" (1 f4|Hjiir liiroiifrb ii plo*]yK ibi- iinpn- iiwti]iilN*)y arf* Mii- ii^dr'KurlrtPd* 
vihI — ■ULf'r' liiPi iLlbnttv uf bfdiE for liyil.iii;:uii JFkor?a*ct wilb ibi U'in- 
nlirn — lOlv riir« l»vdro^i|i^ mtil mrbon vr^piidr m pU'iiU'i^rrL io (Jtp fHTi'in 
•f tvot; ia » ^ilar maarifr. aitHmiila nf URitiiinn'i* rtftorirJIy if lI'O 
labneuntaiPAlHwiaUuE riun^okm m invtAl wira (11.. kl^i). m FwuUvi 
|inAln0i», nitn^dii, uul ouJHnk iioi<i » Vl^oV^d ffUW ^ J 




W- 

lab* 



H 



lOr OftcutKTc n>Ht>oiTNiifi. 



Hi|kthidta, Cli*, it tttl 'I'ttccily prudur* J In Ili4 dry dirilllatin of 

«Mlpbul ovIywbQTi tlia volatile dfi-frDpD*i[i(ji]'pn>iiuei»»rtTik4«k]|] 

jtafliilon; mill nf tli^ priiLlnrE* tlirn farnn^il i* NJipJiLlirilm. f|Erlr1> 
/ifhw. fiJ, IT.*,> Afl thp fWt-iTOT rpJnrl* in wliifU nih^ i»*1*»Hll*tl 
imilJn^, Lire iilrjniikl4>lv bfureJ |o rolacta, iIid tnrlxnt ilcrivcd 

Q. Demrapo^li'm fry Co^Hif^m. 

a. ^rw Am■^TJJr^it■M, — Mmr^ urk>l|ii' Vui4r]iUEihiU U-kd np DHHV 

lliit nirnt lEmi imlinnrv tiiiii]Hirftiii]i<4 fir b Imln a.1)»tii it iidiI ai 
I'nnvi^ni'J, mrmoliiiLr' inii> 4>ri^Miii4inn|H>intfUnnKi7r in nyg^m,, 
itvly ifljti in<>rptniri com pi"" it-. 

'lalilri oilt liiKXtme FD*iiiou9 li^Pxpa»unlo ihe mIt; hi likai 
id VuliUiluhlEiuluidj. r-jf- uivuliuo OU'I oiimiav. Kiml oiU 
jl^Al* MMdsuor iti4>fu xuliJ, ]■> i» lliii I'Hiiii with )iELitn-<l cil, Ald^j 

»<Trj-lip nrfijil. CilH)'; CBOOflyU", C'fl'A-j yrli*p ^.njUnllj ttpitted 
»ir. It cODVcrtfd GrM IDM olid* cF i3iicody]a. ami :[idii mtu 

M*ny mmpoimi!" irTiicli woi»M mnoEn rnialtppprt if limplr 
to the alr» ttkc up itn owifxn if tbuy iru ni rli« «tEiti^ limn in <«oi 
wil]» Urffo Mirrncof oF plntmiiin^ whifh «l>ji<trli» oxyj^pn fntm ift air «i 

bciUcil j"T Jr ID iliD mr, it eoiiPorlrLl^ vr'HU i-tmatinn nf v*Cvr, inia 
«jr[mu ncjd, C^H'IJ*. liu( in oinLiuJt vilU plftlinuni-liEar^Lr. tLi- omv^nw* 
tnkof plaov ht oHiiiELiy umpflrn-tunA.- Plftijuuin-MEwk. muiiicfiM irid 
•j^npoim oiJilJEi or InniLtn ncJd, cauan it la Imm 4n;ty tinitljr. «■! 
form oorliOTttP n-fil rnnE *iilpFr U imliiupA Hip nrnvpr^nn of hydi 
«ixhJ npiril, OlHl'. ihti' formiQ <n-\^. (-''ll'O', kml of hyilnUd ' 
CHHI" into *w*i« M.J. f»'0. WIip« «|r.>Dfn «M4-i|arU« 
blpolml, ia ilrDrppod ufioTi it. the uiulol hwuiim UtaFtfil l« RilucBn, 
lliiv cIbv aF juTLi^iitB nLiin bp]Diitr> the mpdffvtl cQBiba'tJtfn of tkc n|a4r'^ 
hf •Jmliol, t'tlii^p, Ti>liLUJn nil*, rampliiTH, Aft, #1»Hili fjtkr* fplsffi vlvfl 
1li«tV va]*uLin, uflir-l 4't^ ftjr, mniP m nonUri wiih plMinnm foil a*j 
•iro boxliiil luibrf rwluci*. ilic m*til briB^ tlioreby niic^j lo » r«d bML 



'sd 



*>rr«- 



A Rapid rnuArufum-^^incir aqnnic fiDriipoqa*!* «iiiU>ii laviAij 
Ihjin i' Tr<|(ii'T^l l'> f^niivnn Itmir nrlH>Ei into rnrfnnict m-hI, nnd 
li;rdr4j;f<:<n LtHa wm^r^ (lii?r isWi* ii^'^ wUrti limrpH m ihr ur, tL* 
rDrjiiirrJ fur tluJ puriw^e. 'riii>y tliriij for thff moM f«fl> ■iliibit ik^j 
phiinniiH^UJi at rApid rbinLuftjiin. vbicli it Vtnrt vivid •■ iha >iiWiaH*J 
(h^niJi^rmi BAi liv> tic*U ill myKi'ii- uid alsir u itLf^ i-oiibtin lam aitn^mt, 
ItUATJiuoli M liinE itii'iiicnl |tUvi- « l«w iu:|jvii i>hr[ in ihi* rKimlivtlivk 

SoiiitfJni» thi> o-nil>i>1i'>Q bogiiu wiihoul lb» apiihndon «f iNf 

«ltpniiil liniE » f<»t >oio« few iiilntvlicvflt *iicli u ncodyl* vhl ita«xtlft 

ik« In kl tiis □rliiTiirv U*riif-rnilur« "f Tlio mf. In M}n't •uUtiOHA. 

[vkiB |li»*m ri|H]^id lu iliu air in liir^.' iiTBi*n^ nittl *i(li ■qr&ftH 

IvaofMvnnk vti'^iii, thr limi EtETplD^ml Ifv kIdw mnliafiiaa 

<t*nn HCUiDullUiif ; tijo nrxnhnttinii jn l^^qi BonloiMtd, »d th« 
ip'^rmtiipe yptia tiliM itiHTtt^T; ud in tli«l miinDOF iba ftcUuii ui*^ j^ 
lili iho wfaide bodj banl« iHo lUiiic^ SumuliJUH Uu« risa of 



COMBUSTION, 



|tfr]Ltqr4 iA BKi^tcd by fvnnerilnEicii gottiff on in tb« mlorif<r of llio 

homp, dfii, Upv. Iliioii, ^>ii[>rr, dilfnii, ^uol, aihpir, ot'Tin!, iiii'l 'ifbdF 
pomtJt iul«l]LiLi>iUit whi>Tr ■:i1itni[#rl witli unv ftxi'^l i'i\. f^i)ri-jn\W *Uh 9 
(irTinirE>ti f^. t1 (JfiiiJc. 7\-iKh*)ih. Kn5, r'-l); rofl'p|», jk»!*>, of l>^iir>^ 
tidU up rn li j^rick jiElir nu^ljii^ tmi ;;rtn*JiiLj; , ihiimokl. \>i^j, fill, fiflJnpi 
ra(i'>ii, Un^, ilimj-, hr»ppu>-iluii^, for Finmiilo, wbou mUipDd dp Id ibo 
iimii\}y 'l'il'>. i-''|>k>L<niirv Ii< h iviirm aFiiitiip)i'*fO, 

'J'b4> iiMjTjLunixiui rnfLaTiiniuriiiit of nirLiiy kin^it of t^ltKrvonU D-teiob Dot 
»Q ciiiidli frniu fclcw ^itiltUBlLoOt a* frum ll;y i[iir<-]c)[tiu><rit "f ln^ul |prwdu<*l 
by i\\e^ BbwrntuiTi iJ kTr qnd juiuoouh i'a]>i'iir fv-r/ Cj^-rmni/k i lb>( '>'' iba 
ir^mpbTTim m>in tlii' {inDM^non nf |>ci1aJUkurQ, A<^ ("iVA /^yr^Arr*-*) - tbnt nf 
*iHLr Wfkpi|u|P inniOMtMipl iiiAKPrcucil.froiii (lie tlo" oi blur I'pii ^l' \\nf wbiffi 
iron v^rtliK i^oUJat-if iiiit (V,?9!}h «"■/>- Mr>br (Jnf». i'Airi-Fii Hi. SSffJ. 

l^D afioiiiauiiuiEi oirLLbuHirDu In coiifffii]* om/f, TIiuqixhe Mt^a. i'A**. 
le. 3-ja]. Fmrifp'* NutL^ii ^ISiJU, Nch KUJj MvbM (5i7^ Jn. 7. SHi 
l«r, kiifl l;»»>- 

Wbifl midH (touihnrtliMj Ukrt plop* cotnplotolf, • crtinjyiirft<l wn- 
■lilin^only of c4FbriiiH Fiy>Inr,if«D, anri ox/j^ii, ttcmlpcly cuiivcrTn?*! ioco 
CArHonlrOfitl heiJ watDrn a «Qitipuuitd i^ntiULlEilu^ nilru^^ii y>a1<bi nilto^a 
^u UL ttilJjliuji, ani] fn^jiutmly nln* n ^nmll ^imiitil/ of nilrru iirid- 

Jl E^'t iiEvunJcE unrnpikUiKi jutnlikiiu fltivj mor^kiiii' Entttb^m, iIi^ubt an 
IfA Iwhiml m k mnrp or If4h Hlr^ri'ii «Ent? in thi« Ajtm nf Aah Any 

pBonit uf pMuht »<Ia, t^m^p HVi>.t vJtti tutpburjc <tf pboipb^rio iinid, 

HIcovIh lav edrrupunilEEi^ {*li]urii|(.i thnX lutiv cuiiC iu an orsnii^fl 
«uni|riiiiui]. p^iinnJIv r"miLifi iinulttrm] uf(i<r roiLbimUiiu ; if, Immrvvr, (be 
ftujjfily .if nit bet ibiAi^lniiE, Mitjpbiifpw irm}" Im j'!!?!***?!!"! iM" Muljpbi'li*, 
Bui n»tnpgiiiiiii of bM«4 with iiilrir artdn or wilb nr^Kiiin nri'ln, nn* <:nii- 
ir«ri*fl into nrWknlvi, 4DiJ mndn oipoph InllieftAL PlancW (>/. /'Anrn, 
SJ, A4J) bfivtVpr irfuriit'4iM> Hint ibp iiJEni *tikri^/j Iri ■{UOM''i'«'CKrfIr 
nikj PBinain iiball<*F4iJ rn rb^t Oiih nfEi^r lh>i wckkI m burnml. 

KitpiiL cimibuifioii ii ofC-'Ei iiiii>i'rfck.iL Farn ^vbi|4l tbftb [PUrE rif tlto 
cofviic mnpoitnil wblcJi j« in itiuin^fUtiEr rontaci yr'tHi lut cr nxya^n jpu 
bqriLi nwny, lb** nlb<^r pnri r<»t in "Tjiih^il i^ ilnrninpfiiir'tf fn' iln IhtiT 
iLfiTfibjr priniiuvi), ■« ^hk- jutmo iiiitmir>r (V^ tf it "O/o "IiI'Jih'^4 fi .Itv 
dlMlllMbm. or pamhI Clmrui^b a fulI \u>t hilio. tf now i\\v nimliL-' iil'li^ 
miitan of ak»m. vnpisur*, bti^I v^kiL, tbii* iirrxlDi-HiJ wilb nil liicnlliriiPir 
»gj*pl^ of HI. bo Ufli lirauifht "ouii tnuuifb lu coiiUrl *itli ibo iriijinrir^ 
of air niMVHvty to biiru It cioiiiplniv^jr, il ikkiIi ■Town bvluw itji ripiujnj^ 
poibl. Hi'] mi inn in tb[i f'^Fni *if Arn^ikii nnil lont wilb tlir nK^nwAlne iiir. 

^Vbrn 4 pn** of woml m ael oti i\n^, ptrt of h i» br<n)i;Iit min iha 
cnii<bC4<iri of \i\y ibililljilroii. mid Fbi> Cfvfv^sJ ^niKOUt mliTnro burn* »i|b 
m Hjt'ai} "hlfh fuuiiiLunB (u IifhI ihv iiiui-T |iurtiuD sud Iili^nle vofatilo 
tdbttuirpH. tilt !j* IE] tbfi<ln' ilEiEilliitiuii I'f >*l>o(1, purE ct fbo cnrbon 1* 
]«iftbnhiml imbu fnnn (jf abrimial Tbul porimiiof rb** <b»NB;T"K*''' '^*P'"*f 
*b>rb ncanrompihutfi'i^ mn^E'^uMM in llpn rburinoj ■■■ tb" fnmi «{ vooJ-inr 
ftiid pyToJlfl7i«iu idd, vhlcli dry "T" lo n "itiiniTig '•nor, ffV/rfTFrruM)- Tbn 
fturl^' dii'jdcd tbomml d«p»ll«d In tlie fonn of Dirlintrj ruh-it (f'7oif'rrnni) 
U nulan iuifflHliitE^ product of I h« dry dlalillaliDu, but j*fLimic*p| in llic inoM 
f^n of lb*' flr^iipr<, bi*caiii* Ebn rnmbuniLlo vnpourn iite larrouadcd wilb a 
wLito^hitt «nvrbi)i?» wbioli fnnni Ebn lit>i][ii!arv bolwniri ibn ivPUibiLnLibln 
¥*pMn 4Dd iho df, Tiod {fl fonflpitnohily tbo plnrr h Uvru l]u\ tu^Uml fnin> 
bvflln goOM 4D[ hDiJ thfi vBpoura uo tbore d»ompo«d to tlio aatno 



i. 



m 



iiKroMrn%iTioK or uruamc cuurot/NDV 



Or^u^r compoititJi nmy nnilnrirnnpiit rDinliii^ljun. nift Ohljr <n 
vUh Air or 'jxj^d ufi*. hiti hVt^ivi hy cmtixpi tvitU tah^j wtih 
conlaiulLiif oxj'icQEi fooiioly cunibtiLfid. mn-Tiy offf*^^'' PiMnpoBft4i 
r^Einl ii> :» mrUin tiitii|<nr]il-iim iu the nLf•l■u^ uf pfittUloric of bjmilvlll 
■wi<lt IT >ii ii;l,nMi<t.niiiifi cfuhi ihr in runtnni Avitli ■truti^ nilric >fi<, Uki' 
rlrp nn>] l»iirn h-i(Il n 1»ri£rht'ir llnniit tKnn Avhnii (Iie*v hi^^ IfwrvaJ io Umj 

or llioir mIl*. llI>u Willi pcrLnjiI^lii, lirviiinUt. vl>lnr>tlc«, |whl«fBt4^' 
iiir-Tilu', iilLniLUKtii»fLi{iiLinEi-iv. u-nd |jEinmiii|rimitl'ai vLcii iatimaCtLyubud 
yritU tb"-ii hu}p-tiU]i!ii^ lh4«_v ofcim ntjilrHlir i*iili Huihn lumDliUMB tA at^ 
naiy tiaiilpMUbt'<>-, jnmntiTmK l>v n Mnw, ■i^nunimck- nrjy blidii 
Tk^flUg bcwmo in^aixlctmrt wbcn hpktcd vKli r-irlnLn iwrrriidtfn, 
m peiiixifia of Ipwii wltL^k t*U dn to mnuj tDnnwnn^ vhcn umhi 
nitlL lljvju EUDr«]/ al oiilliiuy tdmipumLurH, — ilto «iiti oili«f nfltillM' 
uiidiHtt lIhi oiyitni in tvliii:!! r» l^uE lihiiivly fitriiljiniMl, tuvXi h* IntiqiilaBf 
^Td. DAuIv d( kilviLt, and tkg pruLtniilu* uf mvrctirjr iaiI cDypcc^ 



d««iIIMV 



»o« 



Slur* in nil theto «oiialm«l[niTt| vbon lb*jr *ro to ooodaotcd w •* 
iii^rfiT*:), tku wlinlr of llrfr uu-bifii uf lliv urjgHiEo «Diiilioiind ii (vnTcrl 
inLu c-jkrUtDic iLC^d. ftoO (Lo wtiubof tka hTiiroKm inio wMcf. lh« Mtftil 
ttl whirh proiliirlA can Ihi lipiianniiiDil, and tlia HmoiLni of fVuid afl 
bjrJtngan tn iht- atgnmc cvmpAiind thcir*fky tdiiinBU^, tU*Mt vitaLi 
torm lu dcTprmino ihc ppi^cvnU|^ of llip frnflnin B-nd liyrlrnEOO la 
4ir^olo coDkpuuud, ilmt ia to ay, for ilio ULtiHAiE vn. ElembtTj 

Kuriliii j)i*i}iuc. iha orjfumc cuiupDuiid i* bornod in A lolte. allpd 
ConklruilJoU'luba. cilbur m ■ tlmuin d oky^uD f%t, or inttmaUly tnLi 
^hh 4 vary krg* vlutw nf cldiicntA ni \tftiuiii. t-xid* i-f n>[ifprr, 
- ijloiDiDiiUt <tf load, TliH P«oIv<>il nimlun' of pJtrlfOiiit* xtid aud 
VHtiip jpi t^nl |4Lwn(l tJtn'ii|£[i n TilIio nll^f wiiU cli|iritL« of 
v;L^i 4al><«ti>4 nioMUad Wiili iijl uf vilriuf, kliB tBritiuo utf 
wkicli ijivit tl<e iiUH-lilLlf of "n-lflf ptoJuped; mJ llns ctrf<mia 
v-Uiuulad nilhffr by rnfaiviDir it in (inulujvtvd lubfn u^iij uirmury, or 
cttnriiv-tini; iIki fiLilbTido of talRanin lulnt uilli l-irlnj-'j |hiljiah-d|t|i«i 
in wWli tbn obinhi <if lHp n/tionic lu-id im jihAnrlint by tbn |tDlHb<liypj 
ibit iu jiKroaar of wiitbl ^tvoii the <|iiftnrily of flkrWnLewd 
^Liirc 1? |«ru of vMcf AtrLlaln I jpx. vt hydruuvii, kiiii St pla ol 
■0ld euuwin Jil*- or uiirbuu. lIid Puiuimp-eLiijm uf « hyJruiatbaB ai^i 
Otlfl^ alnlHlod fntiii U»i i[DjLuiilivj nf whIa-i uid mrliunu adid bUum 
tf tlui OMPpciiitid iikirvriin i'"nUiiiiK niji-riL. tbr 'IirAciiflaiiy fit '* ^ 
poftinn of tliBL pltnitiiil, Thovv Lt nn knovn prvMat %f 
qOBrnii/ of oiycfD ia aa or^vitc oonpuujjil uau ba dirtelJy 

KiiiU^iip vTii.'ii fl wwiin ill laij orgiudf^ funhpiiinidt inEnd h* f^Ui 
bjaiBpviUi' fiperimml, iii utin vf tba thm fuLUwiiic wij 
mjxmrc uf dk* cDrnpound wiih «3Ki*ti of o«id« of tMipntt ii 
|ub<, BiirL af^vt lite air baa been ornpleUiy vtyaUait Ika 
4afUi&U aoid aa<l aiuiqjrik i> rvn-irid in a utmJualatl lob*. TW* 
ti AH ia ibro n^i olf; ^u>lrF pmlAiti juLnfUaHj lo abwA 
'Miai aad iba >ii!i*mf) of miduji g%A. whicU u niin^Ot 
iBfl TW yn|)«(iDn ^7 tukue bvtirtM the cvUattt 



ULTIMATE ANALTBIS- 



sr 



trDjTMi ii tborntf dutomtintxl^ vnil fmni tbln, ftfti?r tlio quanthy nf 
nrbijij bu bnn fouud L^ m eiporimoal mai^Q Id tbo maanor olntAy 

S. TUb inutiire uf tba outupuitiid willi uxIiIa of cip|>|ior in iHlruJm^htl 
Into ill* miiMI* of % tub*, ivtibiivmiiT^ al il<i cL^hih] vnd, ■ cnr'E*ciinI<i, mnh 
bB rarlhinjiliT III* Innd, i^rlii'n>i|ft <if ri'ii]wr. or bunrbonntn nf nii^n, iti.»n 
tv^ii^h th'^ r«'lpiiLii.' ftt'nl nirLv l>c ot|i|'Mi^il I'V heat, fhir a\p f{ tijc lul'O 
11 t^m lirivf n iriil by lii?aLiri^ tUhi A.Hi4.<fiiiU\ lu «cll ihi by vihtiinltuu 
will) (he tit^piimpi iLo iiiJiturD oi the uTiifiLuic ■uliilnni^a iviiL v>i<1ff of 
Ouppier ii (.liuii l^itite-J; ab<l On* vv<>|veh(| ^u in nii?iTl*i-(i nviff mjownn 
•ulutibii nf pi.tivtU, wlkioli a^iBoriv Tito cajbciiin iwrn) iiciil IcinV tlut iiilFvp- 

jnj^in Umi]iiji (lit rvfbonalo- TLii pmw** il'^'M tbp ci.b"i'"to itkiniility 
of nitru^n, the uoi^lkt Ihtiuic fulcu^ktcJ fr«rii iLo fpW'fPfil volume. In 
both iLoio [<rornnc4 [|J anJ (U), n qurmiUy of liuiiEy ili»M<jil uiotdlic 
«4p]>«r i' |iti(iH(l lit Oiu nppn ecicl uf die tubiL, im*! kiipt uf, h rci] huut* la 
onbic 1" wrlfiLlmw Llis utyvpa fnito n.iiy u'llt'in ntnU or KytHnuirii^ luiid 
irlitcih tnny bo f4>rirMJ by i1j« nllrogoD uf tha witijjounj taking aiygon 
from tb« oxiJc of vop|>ar. 

^4 I'hu luuLiii'il uEj^umu tij^i>liLiifv in iiiiidij wltli a lar,^ urau of 
Wr/c£'^'m4 tpn>pjiit^l liy fujiitig byiJEatu of vmlii witli pimuilvil limn), niid 
llic ihJiiiLrfl fnduHliy Imwd la rvlnnja m ■ tu^io, Tbu whoLu of tliu 
DLtritgitrj » Ibvrqby 4j(|i«Uff:i in lh« [nrm af AmtnaiiJii, wliinh in ibdnrEie^ 
by bydrodilvrio uM. ud pmriiitatcd by IhchLnn'lfT of pbiimiEik in i1i« 
Inrm «f pUtiatJiaul'UnrpmitHt-, krtd, (li« prc«Jp'iti.l4 linvm^- hi-^n inult«J 
■illb a iiiiilurrr of mii*o1itTl aiiJ cElii^ri lliu ■iiiuuiit of Tiittogru in iba 
«AUipouuil U mkiiUtcHl from iu wiij|;ht. 

% lif6np''r (^nn. PAtrni. iii\. H\4) pVAB* Ibn itnmoniit ilirPDllj from 
lbs vornVjuatioii-liibo into ji HoluLtork of tArlAiiri nfiA in djuohit* dlaohol, 
aiiil ri"liiTiJilnfl tL'O 'jonotity of uttropoii from the ot'Ul tuT.rotn of Binmfliijji 

It Iv I 1.1 1 jifv . i^i cuDlaltiirij,- lO-S p, p. N H' or »-1 p. o. N). — 

K -■'• Ii ( : >. A /'/' ' -r, ^2\, AO, kill) puarn ibi: AinEnonm. tog^jthpr 

*][ii u iircam i^f c^rtinrjic neiJ, into fc lolutinti of L pt, cUuriila of barium 
IP H pti- yr^iMV; hiiU ttifi l^hid bi iho boLhnjE iioint; BUrir*: miJ cskWIbtoe 
cjnaijlily of nlLrogflii intm iJio woi^ht of ihc itrnitoit QiirbDiiiil« of 
»rytJi ]t>'i« obtftiucif. 

iioturiiB in II known Tulnmo or wriphi of ■uliiiiurii] »U uf ileurmi- 
ftkt«il»P)ftb {D'in^ far (infill pKpnriiPcnt M>ll mib. miiL uf &ei Arid ain- 
laiDinje BI t&O fnn. nf HO.fyt)* m a fitrv, 'tk thnt ttK' ^^nh. «rnt rorrn- 
■pnnd lii tf'M gni. of immiuirL. or I -7 A grm. of nitrogen), Tbo aci-i 
C'nutnbg tho vmaoni«i»l anil ie puuri^il julo & Ijonltvr ff1ui. coLound 
vUh Ik few dTvpA of imcivra iif liimup, 9nd ncRtnttinid wjtb * atutJuil 
Mlal^Oil uf liuirt in aiu fv/r^. Ibu fniiet jxiint of nriiil^aliani-ii'ii baiUif 
kunrn by tint i^bjini^P nf (vtlniir fmni ivd Ia blnp. Tbn lalumo of thi> 
■ngv^lintii nolnr.km rvonlTO'l to ftalnnto 10 <ti»Iv crnt. of ih" AUmUnl hmid 
hvrlDfr bvoB pHF^outly doumiiucil, ih« vi.<Laiu4 of iho ncid rvmbin*! 
wttb (b* «irinLU]Llik (■^■■<' Ll]i:r^[^^ lliu i|tj||]ittEy uf uilroj-^Ei) 'it foJimt by 
^•dMAiiif 'ba tulunn^ of \ieul wbiulk (loi-nuiHiiLd' Ut tbii <ii]iLi]ti[y vf tutrnr- 
Ihtw umTuiiuF Lbii Hbiior|>Uon of ]-hiium]iiniiiB,fn]iii ibii titluiuu of puni ucii 
bdiaii TIL. 1D#nb. tiont [Foi furllur DindilloittQni of Ihll prV(<H. fi'^. ^1'pfLr 

€JBmff^ rtitd. ^4. Ubi) —A iiutilnr uitrliflixtLon of proooit A. haA pr«- 

*kL(m,|y Ih-ch pro|Hdud by IIith'jlu (JV^ J. rAarm. ])< 407, C-ftnt^. trt'il. 

,S4, 6)^0 i iJ, SAIJ, who, hcftrvvar, r«ogatn»uL k MAntlBnl ■ulutioii of 



DccowrosiTiopf or ovcAsric courouvi>9. 

'^druchldrif naiJ lntldiut nf miiihurit?, viU of khlft-tvr iMUsd of 
• ut^irlimn n>]uliiiii»— MiMinU (C^/m. /!af, ^q. J", Jilti)mlM nbaftilal 
finr cl^i^ ■■]^'»r.liiiii>^ » aitLutiP-n iti nmji-lir ^mlfi iif ap. ^» 1~4M14, ukI fnt 
lin''iiiriM>f lilcnu* ■» <l.'>-"ylmn fif r*m|irftHiy wntnl, b foir 4n>|k4 i>/ li^i 
dcoocliuii iiiijurt u tliL- nCEil lit|iti(l± vcLlitninli l>ri>»rL culour, whkrb 
Aii^liltifll pxtifaa of lUkftli imtugilmEfiEy nhVDTlf iutcj MtifXub llufl^ 5 

Chluriiif^. LrUTRini-', iotliiKv titr^-liur. anouip, l^f - m\u^ they tftvat 4 

Cuinpli'Ir' clan^ripliipnt ijf Jlir ilinrirnt (mniT^trjr uf ultrmutr 

^ '2t.y. ului /?'?*. :tT, *nl I — TlnTwHui, Iththuch ofrrC^frnk, Aii*^. fl. fl 

Aurt. •- 1- K lai.— Dirniu^ T^yi'^i' fi* Cf-iaitt -i^^jn'i^w/* n«jr Jr^n, $, 4j 
4l^ in ^- rA/rrm. 30, ]?D.— H. Ko«^, Avntyi. Ch'^A, AnA, liAl, lUL 
fi. SIf, ^^^, OIHI, - Koj^EiiLurc, CtJHrv (fd^rrtMcY i/r' t^A-iAip, «. 

Sptrini iVr^rnJwiM unil MotUtldliunt in UltiniiiEd Anh'jniJ^ alj'tAtKilH] 
nlly armngoil: 

B«m»'flTf>?' — nrtwiiilnfttinn of Wiil«- Quari, J. ^St^ Ift. IC9. 

BBRjinrv, — Willi miiLu irf r4ip|>c, -Inn-^'AiM. /'A^ A, lUMJ; «b» 
£1. 431» : *J>» A', ri-- V. It. J B'2. 

11il(ETUUj.LET,— Thii Vfepaun |iBMt«tl (hFi>u;:1i u rcJ liut (itlifl, aqiI 
n«Eillir^ ^X40DUfl mUtura nqiljrioJ. Mtm. ^Jtxwtl, 3^ kl4 &Am 
111, (JJO. 
iMi'*,— Analy-i™ hy pIiTflrmtP of i^jImIih Ann. PAiL *, al3L^-Bf 
. jioUof ci>|»r>ot iiTt4 pJil'tnEo of [NjUnlt ('tfi^ihnr. f**iw- IP< VOS^^Ut 
•itiEo oF CEij^irur; niuirtutv 4bi.TCLu ;— l-y nx'tAn or QliPOBurfe of lc«il 
tb lUe OHB uf TuriEfuLitiiia coDtiiiuiu^ ■jlpLiir. in unjef U> prrfvat lid 
ttoJudun v( >d|'buiuiw ociJ. /"ufi^. *it 3t^0^— tUtcrmiiuliap ''h 
nitrttfDii W byilmtt^of i>nluU> J- pr, C^*w%- i^, 23J. ■ 

BnrcAi^— M^HTiBmlliJii i»f mptlir>4 H fir tlu^ iletnrmimtian td nilmf**^ 

{Am^ f*W. VI, ti8<] A'M n.}^, 5A, S^4; .MAtaVf. Ifl«;-\0AX , 

BdntiKH — 8iidt-liTi>e Acndt tvt the dcremiinftiMi of iLiirufw to volfe»^^H 

.^inixnt.— €qmlii]4)<m in otjKi-ri gm. J*iffj/- ft£, 49T; Jit, fltl- Cb* 

'BtrMftXH — JVUndBAlion nf nitrnei-n, ^an. P^tirm. 37. tT-— IWtiOEBt 

■fei&on i>t onKOicutd incrturv ^nn. /'Avrr**, 37. I abl II, 
CniVHvrb^-^iiilMiaLiDU ly uxido of cup|t«f. JfA^nAai rA^ifn «ir 

~i<nrl;n ^Wnb «Lit« ai n|4prr mtid apim-baipv, Jhr i*kill. tSt («^ 
jLaa^WithuiMaof (wp|iu> -I"". l'Ai«w Z"^. ^, UL 
1^ — Will. miJr uf &i>yof. Attm. I'htl. ai. Si. 

lta«iEiU(iiiicH -^Wjib oxi'Ja uF ni-fwr. ^e4if. 17, S^i brifar, Jv 

*. 1. aJT, 

iMt |( SciUMBamtocK.— D«l«nDiiwlI«ii of nitmc*^ Atm. Hm^. 

tuL— AflictiAlvMlufl of uIri>K*f>- ''»* ^'^<'*- /^y *4> ■» •"^ 
IT«: IT, lJMHilWl(lli«H:lai^incDiuin 4L« in ^\ ^. U> t.ttTl) 
A3, lil. 

JIVHM A f num.— Wiik#3udt «f ooppec. DolcimiBilios td vitf^. 



ULTIMATE JI?IALTSIS. 



^n. ^«n. CMiiK PAy$. £4, IG3 and l!47; ilw ^fekw, 10, Tfl; idiA 
A'.irf^j. -JrM l,3S^: LiNi" jV. 'J'r.O. I, IM. 
1>DHAB Ai PiAiA.-^A]i[rini^iiiuiii> acid vritb poUuih<«Enpoiiaila. j^, Jniu 
t'him. i'h^M. ,% .■!tli utiii a»rt- 

N. Ann. (■ft.m. /'Ayfl, 1, :W. 
KutiJirATiH-— Cliluriik "f nkvrirji ELfLor rutiun fvt a tbuK lima dvu* not 

»illMArb enrlwuic ni'id, ./. fr, rAft-i. 13^ <?*-— IV»toctJuii i.f lUt 
wilb liaiUFrill, ^. pr- Chna IJ, S13 — rinnWii<ni in my^'nn ^ni^ 
1t>, ^^3r— A]>*nr|>LK4n i\^ oxy^^^n go* hy C^kn jhrfnnli-lp^y, ^JV, S.^(^ 
Kui.Himx ft MinnuNii- — ncienninilloD of mtfojrnn. .f. pr. Vhein, 

H.%oe; as. 14B.— C<jEoWtioiiSuo>yBoo^i»H M. ITJ; ST. JSa. 
fflaLlfVMBUJi.— J^Deub<C<]iMjivuiid« burnt ikilh OxMo o( cai'li^r- Pa^. 

14. ««?. 
0AT-I..iriw4<\^Anj]1jBu ivhh oiiilri iJ enfipur, ^r^^ Cf^im. »n. -100; 
Hlnp.VrAifl Irtf t4; rurthnr, 7. /'-(arm Jil^ ''fit ; flj« ^^iT^. Mh Jsr 
OaV'T'Vivac Vb L:eiiio» — Anfttyru of ruLiaiDAtbff ijIvbtp «!*»« 6'A<>K 

Onoi. — AuEiljriEfl tit c»iijp{ium1fl DuubunLiiiF Vrlilnriiiir^ Annw rimrm. 

-11. '2\X 
O. HuLtT & PLi»«D[v,^rEirulhir mvlbod. J. Pkarm. Ill, :i4n bad Ml£ 

i;, ^^T; l*l> 2J\:^i ly^ If-, 20, ri4T 
IIkhmjiiij*.— Aulytid of tw^hjH. I\'J^^ IB, 380. 
Ubh- — l><rturitfiuik(juii of liyiJriijrVD /'ujj^. 1^1. S't't ', aW^MH. /"Admi. 

aOi iflO-— AT»a|yaielpyoiV)|;i--"5a». J. i-t ffefjt ITh^B; uId f.^- 

<«. ITO;— fnTtlirtr, /pr-VA™i. 17. auU; Pi>^. 4T. »1V- 

mm 490; J'thrtbtir. IBIT-A, E>48, 
' Ijucii.— AiiilIvsij- uf liuryEci-njuipaiiiitLi wjlii aiul« of caprwr; Jviiii 
>'A<im, 4li, SIG- 

J(>t«nTLi>HiUaii vi>l |>ouuiF»'A|'pru'iitUB. P"ffff> t\. I»— Analysl* of 
vlilurinfycnniiktmitti*. P'^j-f, 'H. 2iri,^ni<f.i4><nliti]i if tlie«niiJ]Kiiiiitta 
to ba unlydod ; NiUit^tit-ilpiU^'UMnuli'tr^ /'"y^' B7, 670.— UeUt- 

LdKWaA Wuiii.Rit,-^Atiji]ykEB uf «Uj>biivMi4iaB. I'tf/tj. S2, 4J<G.— i^ryiii^ 

»iif iliit inUliirri irilliLi roiiilimtun»-l"bii. P„;r^i.'jit, ^i'Mi. —ininthn^Uim 
«r pnrniiilo iif it-m] bi-forn tbn rlir^irKln fpf iwI^mlui-TiiL^, la tljuniiAKujd 
nf Aulpl'Ur-onifil^oun'i^ tn ahiuhtb thu 4iiJiihiiroiit iDl<t. .Inn. J'Mtirm. 

M»itT(iu.- Evii|H>nliiiii uf w»(<ir fhnii (Jiif |t»|.)Lj[t-hp^HiF«1iu(. /^>?y ^"i 

*B7. 
MALLKT.^GJrAtiia i^nfrfintr of ihg^otabtutmji-ttjbe «riili a Atni orcopppr. 

/'Ai/. M**'J"' 23.43!^- 
Makxe-^i, — DrL<^rnimEitii>u <>i ii.i\TVi:vn.. £i^ J. I'AiiTyrt. 2. DS^ 
Jlliui-iiAhii, — VV*lur jifut'iK'dirtir fmuj tlm «urk uf lint i\P]ij1fii>LLi>ii^ti]1j|i ; 

pcnntior •jnit^muDE of ilm prjluli-MF'l*iLruluA J. pr. Chm),. I3,<6U, 
Mcuhn, — UvlsnniniTmn uf mtrcPift'ii, Cum;>^. rmH. UU, 1417. 
Ulcuauu. — Uuloruiiiulton of p^ln'ifaiJ. H^n^ 3^ 4Gli 




DECOMPOSITION 0? OIlGAMC C01IK>l:NM. 

|^(:Ln]^ii Aiiiilyhk* 'tf i>iiri>|[Vii-0'im]tniTiiiT4 and t4 wufwth 
tlljfiHt aLibttuiJci't- /'ciyy. 40,313 anil UOfl -~Ani>tyi# of (pfsif 
ftiuraldiu^- tul^iUur mid pliutj-liEiTUB. J. pf- Vkm, \A. IfiOy 
LuBlbri 4>f m^^uld \ty oiida of i?n[iii«t Hid diJonUv vf puUtb. 

Mnrrrdi --OtMi^rvntinni net Ifnimv"' nirllird <kf ilntTmLnJiijt BidofM. 

J'h/iiw. f>»i,-b. 1840. 50«[ ^oAr'»VT lr*t8, A"7. 
N&LL»ut.— I>ciiiriiiiijniiuii cf aicngfliL by ueUimlA' ^ihl /'Aot-^.M. 

a: J. PLirra. M, 33*i J.f r C'h*™^ 41, mi ; Ann, I^Unt. B\ iO»il 
Johrfrl'pr. 1P*T— a.»M, 
P«luu«-'-AiiaT^bU Irv uiaDDi uf mcToa;i« tulphftMi jlfin, 04i(LiUfh, 
7*. J. " ^ 

pHUVT-^lVciiTinr ■ppitrittuii fiJt andv"! I>J <*iulv of fofiptr. ^hii. /*AfL' 
15, ISO; tl4i> ^irAur, SEi, 4»T. — fVuliar appantLif for oamlulitiii bf 
(»iyK«p fill. /'A4^ TntM*. IMVT, 3'>'>p al4><Sr.A4«, ^^^ 318. 

BuiAT, — D<<U'rEiJLiiittfuri uf niLru^rrn. Vomjtt. rantL l£, 1S4 ; fullb*^ 
A'. jIuh. (A-m. /'Ayj. H, 3Si. 

Rit'ii-iii-i>K»M,— Analj'iH of run] I>y 'nUlu nf cujiprr: c1et4<riniqikt'Lcin of 4l 

(tilrn,^:m ^roniAJurMJ in it, ui*fjru* by^hmmUa of IahL ^nn. /^W^ h 
S3, «4Biirl A«, ■ 

IltCJO.— ri-pulfiir iii^coHL nit, Mftff. J. 1?, 31. tTid 33% ^ 

ii^ KosiL— i'uTAMr]-a]f|«raliM counciclied villi a inhu n^ntitttlaf hjdisU <l 
puUuli^ 't\ia<ixyff:an ahiiorWiI bj tfan pjlunk-Juy nny bt up«ll*d ^^ 
kfumntlof jilr. f^^. -IH, (1^, B 

H, fi^iMiPiin-— Ciiriihuntino in oijymi km. nOtti Snl. Xw- 4W.CU 
iBcUMiiT,— iMr'rnjtFiniKiii of uitrujt^D by mMliod 3. ^r^ I%arm, [t\ 

Ecimftmu ^AiiiUyiib by oxiik of nww Id ft peculiu Mb*. iUnulr. 

BKlru-*!. — Aim^v^K W oiTfvn JEIl■^ in * mkniipr iiiiniUt I* life! «# 

VHi^AuiIyuLa bjoxldt! of cupper in k poculliir ^pinL^i. l^iL TVbh 

rAftMDrthjri- 9t Wij.i-'— Dcttfiniiinihljiiii vf luttugon by fueituj {Is). Jia 
^ PLmt. tf, VA7 ; 4a, HA, 

'^ttliLiJi.^4F*qiiii>iLdr of marpmim inidnJ nf prmiiJr* tS 1m4 Ip* 
abknrUnf tM lofoliWiwi •fiA put orolr ed fmni wmiwvndi i 
nlphnr. ^hil /Asm, £0^ id. 
3rnMt.-^AiiiJT«iA of initpbuMTiiiiiriioulU, T^jy. Sl| 411^ M, 4M^ 

^- ■ AnLlvKi' qf ritloniwfnnipouiid', Aiy^- 40, S45^ 



4. J^wtMnimf VtanjiotiHfn. 

at miiipki. Mkli>£ plaf« at ordbary WinpmEnm^ luiil prcdaoaJ ■■» 
by (b« aciiiw «4 All ud «4far. For dmiI of Ibctc drcvinpHiiioag^ bv 



£TO>TA stairs DLtOUm^lTZO?!. 



n 



>Ar anil wilrfrxTf rAiiiirod,itmI aii]<r i *mitU tiuiuIit of orgnaic oompoundi 
m mnocplibld of UinniH 

thn atji^iiilD iiJiktUf by tlio iurroiiiiJlnj; n^r^ dr ^ii n now tLrmnifvfnfliat uf 
ihn tfk'ciii'iiU uf th^i HHQTHfLiiiLl in (lidunnbt |tri][iurtiuNi4 t^il the no- 
■«i]uniit fcinnattoh ctf uaw vroAatstm. The fortnar prunw, ihiT; of ii}fn/ 
O0"i\-\i»i\oi\ , mny h*- rall«d atvuM^hA* or ^>rcq^ ( TVruvnik^) ; ihn lattor, 
ffrrnt^t"t\ttit t\T P\iU*f'ieiftt la tk* w'ulttl fTiur tGHkruntj otlrr FJ'ulnim 
im bV4rpr'/-A Srttnr). Wlipn ttii> lalU'T itTVOvm «f iam^rA 'Ic*ri>iitfiii(iiliiin it 
•c^iuuipafijbii ty nu vU'uiiifivo oiUuf. «hLpli i* iifiFtLDiilirljp thv I'tku with 
ft]frrp}(cu ^fi'l laiiiliuc cuiii^iuiiikIip it u doiHjTeJ *»y OiO •inniivl Irrui Piitie^ 
Jitction {Fnuini^y, in ihn cimtmry EikAc* uipwiiiUy if il yinlU* u^vfuJ 
fpTmlui-EJi, il JH mllinl FrriniUili-^ (t'Jirhruii^). B*ith prmMnj^i-ii, vl>., tlniT, 
of iili>Lf (wmliijtlinn aii*| K\M. ai in^'unl 4lpwi>in|H)4i tiling fonr^mllj In-kn pinrv 
■IjimiIiaofousIf. An nlmnduM aupi-ly nf ntr it fitvmjritlil? to iJiu f^jnuiir^ 

fi»rDU»utation lu iha luUriur uf tha iiuu*, Kuuj ftuhihUni^di xm dlim 
ii»tiDBi (b liAAJt <itli<rrFi tuOinr to fdnqeiitUtiiip^ 

Krrmanttui* r>T lirpiy. A tinir wimhifitinn toVinE pliipo in piwcuw 
if drurl wb|or,biiiJ hcoiiji^udld'J by a fennMUiLoo [>f<ic<*<, Tho wntar 
4ual*tl4iv 141.I iu llii* pruwvd in liiBtatot djiuJiur tui in Llifi riiitiu^ uf ituu, 
vii^, by iLliMkfLiu^ ibu Eiim^ii Iff ibu air anJ ■runBti'ltiujf it, in llio Ijijiiitl 
Icwm* In ihn rnHMtilii'inU of tlio tir^uiji! tukmpnutiil, 

0jinplr nij^htkid dF '>rgiiniu milutiiii^i m th" nJr. undt liv Ibn eaa- 
vaiWOD of aUIpIij^Ic tiilo scoiia ami *►' t}i>f roetniiiniz of Tnltiilv fliU by 
«xpiHuiT lu tUe vir (p. Bi), mut n«l bo ret^B^iDd bi Jiuinitcn uf 
■n;uiiu.iici«i>i. 

In cmnnchiiiii ci <tiniy» tbu eiLrbuu hml ]ir<1i'E'|reTi '»f tlM- fyiinpuLiiiil 
mm vonifiiiA by ^mihu-iiun into f^rbonin ne'u] iiii<i walflTn tunl Ibrt 
nilm^n ciLihpr umpM in ibn fni-m nf i^ajs nr ia^innv^rfH ip\*' tLitrni» knd 
nJLrjn tnipJ. Ab in lliLi i^nvi'tis tbo i>im|;oiiiih'1 oonitnucLll^ li>tn« mnrp vd 
mitre ■■rljvu ni^d liy'lr'>i'>-it, iL imh-hl tw piip]iUHd bbil Uus r»iiJvi? '^ould 
Lcvtiiiti? I'unUEiijiillv ndii^r iii iyiyjp-n. Tliii^ hik'frQfnr, \* not btifiiVt itiA 
OUDl h'tiT, itbiln ihcr rrirbtiD of tbf cirtnpoiind !■ ftmihmlntf wiUi lliA 
o^fBi of Lhc Air xnd (*^miiia ru-bonic uid^ il Ja fKNwibln thtt n Iju^ 

CDrtion nf bhv atyifpn ri'nULiiiiHl in ihn Mta|iouad anay ^r ulT vlib ihir 
yitrogvn in thn fiTni of wuti-r, «■ Xhtti Ibe niHii« may Ik'Ooih^ rinbf'T in 
CVbov ikui lfa« vrlginitl oomixiuixl, J^-\''\i. mtntdint (o TiAu^vfo^ u (lio 

EnoMi w^icb lakot plu* in iiko ii«tv i>f wuud iLn-f Iti cunrvrtinu intv 
lEUiQi nr oiuiiIJ. n aubaEauto whiiiU i* ndiiir JLi tarbDiip but in sflorwanli, 
i*y 4 fifthur prucoH* cf deoHy, iS'njpLiiLidy 4<f>iiv*[(«il juu flLrboiik acid 
111 Hivrcr. 

A <k*rnvln;jf hubflEAikm iriny hrhn^ o'Jior bndisi Lnto tlio fliktr of "dnn" 
«ofnl>iiitii>ii. Uconyinif or^ani^ eubelAdPU AimnnilOil vltb h inlTtiLni fit 
bydn^iirL gu ilhJ alf uf oi.ybF<Ti, j^iluio U lACOltdeO»lll tbo fonii ofnlor. 
nuataiirn. nmrji. It., Hi-) I^ufnyiiikr nubttdttmi lu fiontwl v&ili vtilor 
mnd feTi^jhnl mjuu tbo hillur Bubdliiut'i.' tu utiilint hiid furm Vutic uiUp 
< I.JrbiE ^ 

ErTTDHnnblf I* Bcconira.njpd by fCptJiiiitin af //*«'; vfhwh in moat 
(HM. In eorud^iaontc ur IJ1& slu^ue^ witb «v|iifh il (4iic4 pUn* and lLo 
fflnliu prpiliic^ by nuriouEid^itbi ubjmL*, ■luiruiili tu only ■ fvir d^^rvoa, 
bat VDm ihfjpt mipeiiB ii.ru cuiifwmud. uulj. ueiiLdf fiiV'iurd*lu tin^nm^ 



^: 



Vt 



DECO«r05ITI<W4 OF OBCAXIC CO»EP0l-NIM> 






■UcftlcJ 



niiniliiif "( parEU'ii1jti> hiivo^lu hn (iljiL.'r*i:i1. 

t. Tfip nilr'Ji:*!" (►/ nn urpiiiiiT ['iiiirfpuiuij i*j*ajn'* In tb»hnB oJ ^ , 
CiqlHTinJJir if Lhf nir lin* f n>n ni-miu, ot lUn nimptaiitiJ in vtjotfd to iIm 
ua» nnil nc wlhff*bla bawf vrc^ |it«wn|- 

2. h It c'lovcruj Initt Dllria B«Id, cirvcLbllj iriLh FiveiMHi tf ilr, U 
Ibv aljAil^ iLiul 111 |irTT||r<i »f jtBlilfaMnlinii ,11 liiHi furiiifi rhr fimmili— 
t>{ thtf juLiEi:' Hi'iJ liv iirv^lttiKiaiiig alUnilyp (11'. -I^^^; 1 11 < AM.) Thia' 
nmv ^ ^iiiLul], k(i'J:i, iJiiicH ot tniffircdEH, m Dumhiimlioii wifb 
■ni^ nr n M<|^Tub|ik ;Lci4l; for ih" cnrboma AcidnHftpM m fii*! 3b« tlw 
viJ mmr* ll* r^nl^d vilh Ih** pi-lAnh, and ilif> ai)i«CM V^vl it <J( 

Will* 4li>w rcfmhu^riiin. T\tp 4miiii>]iiii |"^nIiiiwi^ ^>f famtuljiljoii . , 

lnr«rii>i of i\i:' iiit*<^ imif nUi; wltoif it rtvi^'fiiv tliD tttitot IbiI&o* tta 
gsnIiilLun iif ibti mln^j^iMj ^liicti it llfn' U'liig Kl ffDDt And fOFV ditJiM 
vf aniiiionia Itvi'oiiilpitiin;; wilJi if, u lA'iKi fant»<rtv bbwftd b^ Tla«r aad 
Uiitbufjn did puLrafoctLon orfnn--(li]iif- IT GiO'I 4]lllibT« bfti«* u« ^r^ 
tVDt) tb* pitriiji>«o nf ihp ninmi-iiJii itfu^lf iniiy nWi Irn aiMisBi^ toil <4ii- 
tpilad ipIa mlni^ fn^i'l, {KuLilinnim; 1] , »>i?t,) Aix<>ni;iiE to VmiIu'i 
viptfrrfiiunufi'h/ TN/^y, llkC fonuAtioP of Ointi uiJ «ji}H.tiH I'l b* prvCAM 
bj itiiLi of nilruiUBciil. 

it- Tlin ailn)j«ii of (bfl onibpuund umlv* whli in livilrtiffii auU Ibmi 
bhinioDLJi, nhicili KHMiiLll^wni^ lu tmsli'uxir- I'bu uutaoatA it sot 
w nini'h n ffn^ilnnl of viviniuniuiji m* uf f'trini^ntikiioii- 

4' Nkii]4fuli'«il ofjp>n*r cimiKiuiiiI* q^iN^ti, umlpr Mn*iri fimBi<- 
■lUMM. tu iiliturh nJEFoun from (Tie *ir iliirln|- cnraawifl% tktbvr to ibt 
ferm of HurmuuEa or *f Uilrou* tciiU 

Kiun<r[ of /yytiK-vrfmnit. wlif n kv|it fi^r ■ tuaj; titoA, lum* <iirl4nal* 
of uniUK'iMn in tFtir t»Ur\"t 'tS iti utiiMK, |»iil iHinnitiiu niwrrd a« ito 
*urfiuv ituK nonjlrji af ititnr*' nf «mnLorii«, ^FLnahulf. A. Tt. II, t, ISl.) 

TJli^ lr4V<H nf iniJiiTil vurroJ fmwn vo a |Kinr. mti*\y nil ifu tot 
oodIajd tn^ pcmp'UMo i^a&Qlily orbilrt (tfaota vrhloh prrv*i> vb k nrh a^l 
0anlftJD]L<vufcMcrtLlIvi[U!LikliLy), t>ul <biul!^ mnUlu itui] ujitliblP vf palMh, 
But wliHu iLKiH-jEilciil i*n ihriimlii ffiFmiir inumhi* liwy lioeuiijt Uinrva^Uf 

Hf t bwD fomitJ Iky d4K%iiii)>o*i(ioii ot tbp iiwtijir^ PrktUT In Ihfl l<iaiv[ 
Uivf>ixWi>tuitiEiamLo»ipJvniiJ id bLvcilii«|iiif«rtdiDLir«ly- (BnctUMlt 
Attn. C^rm. i'l'yn »\ 21)1, *\f /Vy, 10, ^00] 

ExIriKt vf ^WMtftii* ttfli'' 1 yitr'* rii|iu«itru 1'j iIju lur. cobUiai swi* 
Mil» Lhui U vDuKl earxiin il Vv^t for Ihu 4ina timv io dot* rm^ 
{ll0D(4iiT. J. Phcnp, iy. Mt.) 

iiiiri'! c&i'lr leu ok boinje Mirrvl. (Galhuun, J. /Himdh tS, ldt| 

Ttto aijuiulk* fhfoiiaiL of urnif-utrAvn oranoml*!! !■ (Iid tir oa All 
Ji^lii-^ yi'ick wtsinlin; lo Vndin.im tulmrt wlkicli, if ciim^ fofHlav 
linur* ii> dnmi> ii=, utid ibfD ertilEVtAJ U h t^^t, itwcLIb up fcfUitWnLty. 
tf.ia cvliilifjq af ikiinniH jifiiJ. trtit mntinanfor nmv tuonilu to jpTBo^ 
iLwc**, ^Lcarvtr it it Hurod, A tiinitar dnmm(>Miiii'u it ohatrwil ^ 
tl* a^uffui imtutAoua M ^t#ttl\vaa til lliv f-p|Ji>wiiig iTi^nMr nnf irf 
vJwn ibvT IM **«p9nil0l in Atl <liiJiai. lLvd i-iiiuwi 10 MuAm ^l; tad 
thmu fflftbtt «t«pOTBt«di WyrynAita ^t^n (Jrvl Rntt}, /1b^^ 



TiEC^T. 



kBdtt,Aftt» JiTflnir), Tri/niimt rrmfnuff flhr> AripA linrli], (Tiv^'iKun <!|f. 
(hnrl^i, Qiitviii aatirti iv\nh\i, All/t-rii of. (rniiU), TH'ti iiiftift'nt l'^r?4. 
pfUtr rj.'niMLl1i'->ilrvin'^f, /MitJtf^nr ntim---''t (klniiil Lithvi'^], C''^'^m''jmmm ivvV" 
^lirrh, »/lrr II (ijriijtli'i JrvJir^). •S'luu-nl'i mrvfnrii \\\Vi\i. Vvyl f«r a ^^rijj 
time). .*i'ur;ihVfuj fii^/r^ (i>l4| fluWDfa), ^,'^n^h.'^'^lt \K'-iluii^i-^-kina\ I'infa 

linia'fn <\f., f^^-.i/nii* tit vi'H^ tti." \ii^i\r of iiil (liTi^j <1th'<I i<ir a tikhjOj), 
tVypv^inu AA^rfiTr'^hni (li<<rl> nTi<I H^iwrr*, hoi*! f^tr a Uian Duic)^ I'frf-aafU'A 

SnitJ al/ft \iA<y liAfk)- /Vf/'n^if t If ri^TP-u (nM L>LirL^, I'l^pthi^trfiitt^ (ktii.hiin'iL 
liwu. Jii:itvM *i>in^ POM -dun;), L''Jniw*c<JM^jp'afi'iHr(fii.l]i'ii |i^ii,vi^"i. Qnn-cuA 
Tf^iUT (wrt nM Uii( '.W^Jmj uiirfl'iii'i fiiuiv™, »iriini for ■ mnnlhl, /'iii'U 

bi*rrif*J. ^'jUfa ffi-ifftnn-t (ibo |>vWhJcnt'J mol oijnutii to Chd fe*t drf tlma 
BHiai]ii)» J'Hrciu f'fiij^lifitte/ueui (wiiLcfuJ Jmrlij, JinirtU mnifr {itJuLt. 
hMlltl. i]m}ilv rurn, umuip ptmu fi'mn itiuEclu lu'lli Uir ln^^rr ]Btr( itml 
lluit*bidbliii'Iiwni<v]HM4r.l tut.lii]nij'}H TViVrj-jm (^tCnwam^-iivnn lUiti vtuhi 
IPKJI piunt of iK^tJi, tlrii^i 'i^r v incinilO' HtriUnat vuf-jn'f (hiLiilin wid 
•tfn), Jju-S™ ttlap\1iii^ (Hrlnl frff a mf.nlh)^ fittj/iMnhum Fiit;/ wfua fii^oU 
«Klwr'LeH nilii wator atkI bfoiilik>1) abit then ti]>nanl to tlm «rrj, /Vy- 
^W*>n ^'I'uir /fMHtu (ihc jcnxM lavo* itriud fvr u niunLh). Tli»a 
n-^UlrJfi hibttepi 1DIH(» tuiwDver, be ci|io»o<l tn tLiu m't fur •miiid wii^ka, 
btfoK thoy irill jiold iny tnuws of mlriii bvidD. Tliii [Jiib in avoNaI, 
aarnniimm <tn mftnlr itirtinj; iKp xilrurt. wniPliirEPfp nhfUi it x% in im^-llf^r 
^b&rEilv, r>ii lltf' JKluitir'H of t;if|Ario Jiii^lt whlnLii if ihi* nilmrr moivly 
iwDUiiu Dim. iluo* not Ulivrnic Dktrio <>iUn T'Lir- jmJcv '>\ fmli ptnnti 
iivver ^iioa uH' nilruuu viiptiura wlii^pi lrivi(i;i1 wtiIi tiirritrit^ noi'L Tlie 
iornuEivd of dUrr>iiJ» at^id m vujrcLk^fu niihtiur* Uikvn i-ludo tuuch m^ro 
quiirkLv ia ilhiii* iJinii tn dty bir. 'Ilie mit vkMh I-ulIj n^trctifrtia 4i]Lt 
fi:(T|;<7n for Ibri Inrmntron nf Oio nilmnH jlcM (ViiEiIln). I^dwunj (/l^tM. 
r'ftt. 30, I'llO ri^lilly ub*orvpF tliiU Uip niLni^n luit'lit aIko ho ilorivci 
fruiD itn nfOliaiV'l '!iuri|tFiiiii4] rn llie jihoE ] 

iL upitcAn to ItD tim wuwiy dbrt uf [flnfkU *^icli biUTff eufWuiallj 
mtUii-^ta \\\f [uifoipiu of [brj nif. Auilflia nilrMflC" ibut nlnK-rlird iaX«» up 
♦tVK*'" '*i"l r"ma»i*in-chmlniMnl iv<tii Jln' ^twnly fibm lii iln- foroi ^r uitmiih 
hhJ. till thfj-l ai'ihI m irjiiPiforrni'Hi idLh' mlrir Jicj^l, wbi^'li lln'ii miiEr'A witb 
thopor&kli chnii limo rubiMJni'J in ihpi mlli nf I.Vn rct^^Ukbli* ju^hIa jirc^nlb 
Wbaii llqoorlw-wovj )£ eibumKit ^i^ ttmon, llrMt wkli cniJ ftri'l tlion i«hb 
li*>l wttar. tbo iMt Utrvt itill m^^o* ftff mlnjii* f^iiiiAi wkea CfnaLnJ «ilb 
Uiitarir nnid, Tbr iiiii^iii-t|iivjBi^fpriii Ibt frvtl] Ei^ib of /.;;ryj/Tnu'irrvruu 
eon1-i)nii[intiMTrmlmiiiiH;Jij tir>r rillrpii ^|||L Lbi' i-iTjii.iLHUiii n^i^FiiM, rLfi.Lirfour 
trrrk*' d|ii'"^irn' tn \\'V Ti\t. vt"iHin u 1^)1 hnt wiil^rr iiii nilr;uif. whicli ie>^i^ 
«fr lulfvdt kL'ipt vlioTt trtruc^l ni(Li tnrLi>ric ac^ii^. rknd HaHd^rniTtt <Hn nil- 

bcp( UUtlk, Will-El llVllLlltl lUUHt {Li'-^it u!llIUiitlt4) i» KVUEnl CijU4B 

rMh;kiiiI<^>l. fxtfl wiLb iirilJ u»ii [buij yii\i Jiut ^jiUtf. «u<] uxixuml to llm 
vr for »riia limv ttfldr mwli iriiLiLUN-ioii. hll itn' uiLnu^la yii<lJ uilmuB iwiil 

^h Connected vhh tbe tbove, but nut •i]ni<iLctiLilT ^tplnin^il. an tha 

^^HM niii*t b* n>jpi.r([vd »' u upriiiK"|iioaoe of t'lAMij^iilAl^i'^i . W»diL Iumim 
^^bT« off mtriD utiJo ikrLer tw*! ur tbriMi dikyii' rvmiuiiLitiuii. (Cbwitllior,) 
Tlrt barb nf ffornitraotl. larnuorl miu re itill (uiit^Eiiri[[ ^nur, iinii 






DECOMPOSITION OF OfUJANlC OOHTOL'i'Oa. 



of 111* diaEillstjmi. fTitlny.) TU matin qh mia noUod la %h* U rmm- 
Utinn (if mnhi^l-triinicrjvJEip, lo »M(<h nn •u^F'^nnQ brhl IpuJ Imb 
ftiMcil, ([>^r(Hnf.) WLcb tjnjp frvm eIi4 pr?]tir4(tot of W«l-4iif«r. 
ivbkb cuLUifiwI uii fret oi^iiJ, UuC im iJii' rintnrVd fmi^ouUc uf ■innoBi^ 
W^iJulol wJLh wnEmtiiil rriu<]J wrtli h<^nr-vnvt, h K&rnZr l>*^& 
fiiniu'nt ijuil jfivn tilT ritrlinuin ncjil, when mtrin niir!#i jrr^ ir** ■Ibo 
Mit*! f'li'vknil rhf< ff-riTb'^iitnt^ciir Hi^t nv 'ItlutLn^ tt irir.Ii Iw^w ttt^qi 
of vitt«^ri Oiliitne a lufficlcat quAotiij of mlptiurie *ol<i lo pMi 
llf^t *ciJ r«<iiiii[L,— »1jbKU|iua u b/A* qoHiiUi^ of ariKMik actl 
ffivou uH'. — hnii.lJM4f tbn h^juj^l fur Jt ^uvlar of ini baDr !♦ iL* ' 
point, wliJcU ]iririlucicLd no nvoljitiirii <jf nilric oiido^— Uwn cuolin^U 
uliJmg j-PBHi, i* pHBvd complplilv m-« Ih^ ■[•l# of Tioou» 
4iiJiai(t^ivji»galf nitilo oti<]o. (Tttlny. ^^ /'A^m. 19; ItSL) 

WhcEi :Lo iLif liu Ul partinl um?i#« nikrt uf l1i* hjWNnD Of 
ori^TiMiu I'vjuiixtitji-I uii|miini Eu C'tin^iiPf with ihi* aiLmgHi of Ao feir 
Funn miiniuruu. wbin'L cnti Ehc^n Niippfv ']>(« rrijuitiu ijiiAiilfl^ of ailHp« 
to ihfl iiiti^ whirii tnw upon iLo-v piklrofvin^ ■ulvUncwA 

[fill squrnn* H>|itli^'»r nf r<i^lk'*ii£LiT ni <M>nimi>ii «Tif4r b* toA 
tijnw ii>r»i>itii ,1, n «EfiM)'i>riHi htilllu, lOK^'llirr wilL * vtrtDfolJ n>]*m <d 
.ftlr, aii4 tliu m-iulit, whii'^j i> [inMluM''! it) pirln-ulDf ftSaniluin fiVB iW 
milk "Uifif, bfl •i]}*j(vtR| lu dry ili)-ti]Uti<in, < Lor^ qiiiuiEtly of UMTWii» 
i« bliijUtipd : hntKrn EhdTA ^IU Codn prodneKl in Il» uin^u*. lo^tlLar wM 
OnJIuliwi (wihbily |ll»rr) a nJtr'iEonDDi EdliffUntH^ ivliirb i*ai>ubilm« fntm: 
(m vhnn iLo fim^iLt |iniJiinHl fnnn milt mgnt It iIIc^^UhI in omw Att4 
ft llqaifi ki jjliLAiTir't wliicli f ivei k pmcWW^ vith formrj^nliiii of fMi^ 
*iuni.— 5upch frcm jirrow-rooiH wtoii ln»j4i miJtM wflWF m a ^ula «li* 

<Iii|NMil. tnifptlitir villi fi liLrjfT <Liirmtir,v <>f riiniiM in Oin ui^. Asd fiofeDf fl 
ftE« H kailo CPU thn ■Lirfu'C. A litp^n* tJ T.lil> kinil Hjljtuiiatd ffuui pvCftliH^^ 
■lan'b ykrMr»l Xti^^k Tmcn uT niirFiXinLq nl(<"J aolyw^fd tji rfrj dHltll^ 
tion^ — A miilun gi humicr mcid and aLtfiir, muiilonf^ mtk » «MillH 
^matity of «al«r, mJ kvpt tfinr vii muuthi in a clowd vhkI fianlalnfa^H 
air, eivH □? ■ Wf* quiuirJly of timnotiiji wlinn tr««l*J "ilk pcrtsAb^^^P 

uf» und 'but up (hvimi for »ti ni'>iirKji in ihfl ^nmmiir in f«aiMfl«in 
^Mtr an J fonimvn jmjeu, iiii/k-nUL^nr f;uin u-ablr, or polKto^lBfvtL* , 
9O aiuiiifiiiriL wltiMi FnALod witb riutJuL, ihc quuitilj ItfiO^ 
*lftrgv tvb"Ei HMtk ■Eipii' ■■ lEvml, fThi^n mpifriLiU'iit* uv ntil 
^IpqauBf ihr dhivmiiil may (^tnfjiin ryuntdr nf p4iini*iuui- Om^^ 
wnailar EH^nnnr. rrot^y At>F«, whL^lk pulrafln vilh mnty aivcB c# air 
ih« low Mmlu uf a 'OP.VU1U0 Kill. »]■)'?«» to fomi trniagdia, pan td t 

In^a* oflhv wiHii] OTriiliiaiii); wrtli iTm «i^l''*i of t^a Vr ftM «aolkir| 
pirrliitn with tlrn iiilri>fL*n, Tbia hntuiuEiui. bTuT<l'iii|f U> XuhliBftwItj 
atttipjviiioD {U, ^^TJi miy linn.rtnr»*fl» tniiiifofi»i"d inlu uiLrie b«U- Ti 
Libit ttUdcr wp miKht «ipl4iin iho forinitmn of tilr* id tbt #«¥«*«/ 
E«iltfi drasrilicil Ify J. liavy, wh^rp no mimbl fuManc** on W4»- 
^mo j ii j r^ro arv, lu'WFvor, MJEF-ti;r»Fi"ii4 'r<-.'iaMn milltfft pivi«*t^- 
■lao lb* f-arHiMiDn of nilrt in [iidri, 8]«iijij, I'h^'vipI, ici tlic jfrotM* oa 
binkt nf thpStii'*, and m ntjiny r«i]|Ari. (Muiildr, /. fr. C^'b. 33L 81f 

[luihp *ivi>T, fiulmfvin^ ^o f^avAnpd air, pAnrtrt* lb# ot jfia *f ifaf 
*ir ibt* ui cM|iial btkliiuiiT of flirbuinp a^id i;ws prifJaHaf^. 4I Ufl 
|Amv BMek tton vMitr ihan nu-bunir t^iJ. i^^^umn^ At IJ 
~ BTi W, % mM itiBVlitj of ntrfisu if UtforM tnm Ibe 



DECAY. 



■itrojE«n |dI4 Iho aitroline irfijcki It Torutcd Loe^thcr *lth olh« fmi^ntd 

Many i^rjir'^ni? roDipniiDd' Jo nil utiifi>r^-u wUtw (i^mbiiiti'm kl oriliiiary 
lipmprnLlitriNi hjF id liio Jjirk, liul uiti(>(i iIutI plivnuinuiiuii wUoii iiitHlij- 

Air i« mviuoqiry im wntl m Lpvi-t: HiilMtn,i]r'nii wkri^liH hp^lwci U>t\* 
#Iid 1^0', 'tjffnr no nltimtmn niH ui nnnln^E of iiir, ■lccompo4e in iho qif 
«vvn nlion hul qliF^^tlj LpkToiL (C'ln^vrcal. Ait'ifyse '/i^j'Vf^jat, 0?,) 

CuLtijiuuiiilt hJiiiili roiriAlD uhjlUl'I-hJ nlieii v^iHifiud l/j iUpnir 9t iiidiIjuiu 
lnriiui^E'Llurm in Lliu Jiift^ltiH-ririiiiH-ljHitgTjit hIiuii liliDWiiHi i.^i.[hiv.u'J Id Ie^UI. 

many urgnaio cflour'in^ EiiBtt4^'«, fthiuh mrh> blpjiclivJ tbiiniby. 

In Oifl fulluwinjc ^ii^H-iimnrilM of CliuvrtmlH (^limnvl /uliriiui wotd 
jKHTil tji BUhshLiiu frir tvr'> T'lun* in ihlfoniiit niitLttii. 
I. In wun; Imiifn, «il^n\ri-r, bhd '^rrhJ n'mr^fn pmnniiclit on woni, 
■Ilk, And cDllun; roucnu un allk auiJ ootlon, iuljiliiml'^rjiju ngid vit tJk : 
but fuuiuiL on wool) JiilpyQiJl^otlu flCkil un «vvl lUiil (utUJiL> unJ 
LdruiiiE»% lu wdll « {"rVHrarj IiIiid, I'ipu ihvrtf luklviir vii kll Limn uF llhiini 
fitliitc^ I^KitliiJr uij-f^iL u uuL rD4iiL»il ''^r tliia JiMFulnLimtiuii, ur ihn 

ft. lDpcrfeotV^'7*'^- I»dJgn rernbnj pommnonl noiroot and (MlaOi 
mt i-n «ilk, iiil|ifi|q'ijgikilp utif frrtimlB utlprnMy */vit on tilbi \cm on 
Jkflitt^itloit^ VTr>bil itii wjul fifiJ tilk iHHPurl^ JtnEruyu^lH kiL^iii^ ul'W 
■ TAdiliih [liivDh ■u^I ud ojLtaii f^Diiijik^ft^ly; ruui^uu rtn vroal tvI&iiiii Jtt rH 
vobitr 1»l<ir]kbl/ wall; an Btlk it clia-ii^^ in [iiilii rfrij<ll>lt ynila*. und an 
COtlDii it H {lompliitnly iJMqlDri«KE. Turmfin:) anil tafRownt nrn f^m- 
pivlvly do-tr^yitd m\ 4l[1 ilLnrit fiihncv, Tnitiiaq \Aie h\iMo\n* tli^bElyon 
cottcn, inoro uywi vi/,nl twi «iik. 

Sl th lb VAvul pilibnttDil lit ixiT uniT HLhid ivilli ■i{arHiai npuop* 
fiiiHuwcr tb coHoQ Qiui^ly ac^itiirva n fniut V('>lpt tinj^u; uu wool niid nilk 
tt f«muQB UEihit^rKdp OrcLU i-i*miii]t? pinnunnnt «n wixJ nnil 'ilk, liut 
Dot u|H>n rtijLCoiii tiiminnfi afilI r«iii>ioi^ fibJu U]n>Q oottOD , PrkuiiUi blu« 
on ntiOn JpWi'lir'K rnnri- ijnt'ililv (tiau iik ^uviko. 

i. tu All' uLtii-uImI wjlb wiili^iy ynii'jur. [inlijfV on wool. — owUM, 
tun lad rrin»iiin t>lai: uii mil t|jr™ fuliJna,-.-lLinntJrif Hud r^ucon on 
otk "ml "Tfjol, niaiid lu w<i|| iv iii prrfiinlv dry lir; but imIii(o on L-otluUi 
*ut[ili]nili^nEi'' nrtr] on ull tbnxi rij-hrini, nml tmtnrrin luiJ mumx UH 
fntlodt AfQ mnpJi mnir r|iii<«kLy doiT^lnrnr^d t.lion in Hiy HTf 
A. In lh« optD nil' : TUe clfool* bto <iwtlri.T to tbo>« m (*). 
6- 111 dry liydm^fCu ^;^^ : ^iiiiWur iifftwt* to tbuao In vhud^ 
?■ Ill bydrtu^'L^n gv MUiimtKil ^itb hqunuur vii|Hiur i Tbe UQa M IB 
uvam TAjHii^r iitonc. ^Chnvrnnlt Ann. Okim. Fh^, \W. f l.J 






■U. 




'nnb fldWrrA exyimd to iiuiiiiTliD* uudnr luilunrlDu jfluif, cihlblt thfl 
in^ rliar^"u, V^n ytilfiai; L|iiirkly Lutti ih foiXt^ u iEi4»h of JIOM 
HT'/^Ai^M', I'lt ii<fnin tbcir itiHiFiiriin, — VfU-x 'uLrr-itM, mpid jbMiii1crrut»Jii 
and Ittmuiun — Mtffii ifihrifru- qiLioklj turn light Imiwii ; i^iirwiinln 
duk brown,— yfrffttttm J'Aafaia; moa litf ibokr folour tiini aiaom. tbiin 
■■tell up, n4:v;UnHernto tir^ialLur, 4uJ »ftafWf±rJ» ctniublfl lu h brctvn 
powilor^ bnvLEif i^n uiimor tiLwJ luUiir^'-^difiu/ii/i o^iuufia: [dilu yDltuw 
—Tutnioffo J^arfara; WovU «4oimPg eonmwIuLt r(L[iidly prt^-; 




It 



DJtcositfo^mos or organic oompoit-tw. 



omliuimiiilail-— O^nvtf^n'u mo^tHt.- iJjo wbitB fnluur •ffafi tLan^m 
li^bl ^^"#q, irilfiont furLhnr itltttmtion- i|L«iifEuj^ Butl. PAjir^t, S, U 

Tlir Ar|i)iv>4iK or ;iln>h'tl ir liticLurv uf c&nijaiaEU law* ■!■ ^vtaar 
blue till" *'i "'muLiiio, to Irkpwi-^ rJriiw |jft|jf>r or mUto, *«Uc|f«l ■ 
but Ml lliti i\niW. vvvH bi 'ti) ', llm 1«|K<r L>r mlton » f«li>anJ 
uuEL]Ci.TL''d' Airuliotjc limMiirc of mlTrmi U TiivuffU ifv^tloftNd 
■ KprmHil (it I'K^lp h htirc'u thnl nf i«[! mntul-wwkl mrl nf Cblsa 
Colrm^lj i^-plt. — Thfl yi>NDW «jli> 4>fp<]|>|>«r]nmt Aadnvlav bc<4iiH< 
Lw vu ciii«riim tn nimibLun, Miir oJ uf chmoiiiilu aatl 4o1«arl«B i 
turpcDtiuo lurn yellow. — WLpii water ilnlilJixl or«r irvmMJv 

IAulUEiun ofa viiliLlilc oil In wutcr) i> rij"Hi.".f t-> tWmn r.>rii(i«o 
D cloiDil jjlu* VavelB. tbe ti]lu1ibiifcul'LitEioil''vrl1i nwuagn-t lAt-ipt 

mrlLy, but vjiLrput nHMotim^ IkmLM awui iiv\ l^f^m, (A. 
/, /'Wt-, I, iMi.) 

nuuliiue. 

fTofniij^J r«hnCf wTiifli fm^liinllT fnAf on MpomfT. |*> Pi]|]]>e4i(, 

llin ivino clikttjifC In vi hour it TVi n fipii mOijf^ifil m tlir -JnrL la i 

brtv^rn 100' miI SOD . Lli» aIf 1iavlr>^ uorvaa Vi thorn H (hv niDe 

Tbr fiiilairinjc vtpuriiiii^iiLk witet qiil-Id wjili «iIIl BLiklb hloofc^ lOi^ 

i^Dloar bj iiimDwrr. r^O'l wiCb uooll^n hlulTi rDJirbrod viulM bj Cam' 

tviUtiini liz-tiiif In bl) ^"(tv^ AiO'1 liv jin nlnm^in^inlnnl, Thn mlnufHl fivA 

*cTi? pihn*! Ill D ilfFhitn^-JiHfwd (iib« 4114I inintrric^ m 11 b%ih of mtrmrj 

bailvJ l(k a '.TFUtiti uttiiimniEiihtj iJio fvic* of ihu tub* pmjf etfpn >|hto 

llio (iii>rimr}r, in 'jnli^r lliiit frr>b lur miiflil Iw JEiini'iui'nJ troui (iiiiit lntiiiiL 

Hh ■tuO' f^kbmrvJ iviili ■atHoHH' hrinnhml LiiiDJt<nhJ afTur «a hot^* 

bnlLnE I" 1'-'*' < I^Ql biKaii)« Jiily ythtti in in hour nt H'O ,— Tb« ilaf 

djol «rii]) C'u]i|>c«by vb but ilij;blly alitrol in An bour M IM', b^ 

brDunu rvJ >iruwii in an hour ml liW\ — Tiiu iiuff djr»' "^^^^ la j cwi* 

rtfliKiiivil uimJt^rvl fur t |iDun> M ]4U°, bul bcvAinv niurh fi«iUr*bi4 

bvafitii f-ii tha m-mr limn ta lUit ,^Th'i riufT Ajlnitrrxl vilb nld Vtt 

rant hlferci) in VJ boiij« nt laa\ but bKnintf iniim mMxb ^llo* vkm 

.&n4H| Ci>r ib« #Am« Iiipf 10 BVO^. Tb* tmff cotoiiivd with I«i««ie 

fnilwHWit bat tilllD tban,^ wbpd tiDfeted for 1 1 huu I* 150*, bil 1b 11* 

JBtflTvnl *l Kiru , lis annjp^ytlluv CDlrmr rhiUifcd b> nu«y br*v«. 

iWhon kir ArunuHl vritb inbEititpe wv fiuHit UtTourb lh£ Mvt tabu 

tL» rbu^pt of cnlour look pl«<v ndcb inaro qDiekl^. Tb«i* eWiun «f 

folvur phtJoHil bv hi4l an vurillr tbo Mrno v ibtMO pfoAnMJ Ja u*e« 

ima by li^bi, nikJ in both cmu (bo nutf bcramn raltua, H*««* l4«r 

Lappnr B0 ilpf-riLil bfvn iIqit cAnkbuiLioii, (OnyhLuaiH H Iktmri 

iM^fAM. a, lilt.) 

Yv^Loir rt»h of j^^oimm rtcluccl Id pvwJvr ur diFu*iHl ibroiifb 
M^a {by nlumliQi: llir loper wiili ah alftbDiliv MlntJon of tin' rr-in and 
Ib*a4mn( it) u>|oEnv ^ar^^n cotrmr, vbpn PipiHfii In U/bi an4 a| Ibv 
■kiiro Ufno 1A AiFi I'ol riol in ■ v^Hfl nif^HJ nitfa HrtoTur nfrl*! ^w; 
brDJv lubl induce* a »[i>« [>ijdatiuti. (WvlluliVa, ^JWk 9i, fU| ^ ttm^- 

4iM r, 1T10 

^crwnMvos fincTurrrEiiF imindiMtoa) Aepm^*. Ilka drr 4kdl|ftlJ«>, 



moT<. 



Lat lli0 vluintiuU vf wrLii*r um Ijkuww contonuA ta 
.huut ihfir prMnni^ri no fMrniHntalinn i^du luio pliLCu. 
—For (liv (OTiiriir'iic*m"i]t nf /nrmfnution, frM nA^nf 4>f ajr la urt*ti 
nifffvi^r^p bnt vhvD i>nf^ cal iip^ it can ^o on witLoul (ouIadC nf ai'p 

inurguiifl c^hmpniinili, ;i> H-Lrl,,,i.]i .misF i^.^trr, ikifmii^nio, or •ulphnratwL 

li]irdr4f>Mi> *oini-1iinrir mi' '<i'<|'l >• •\}i- <'i <, nt liyiln^D find nLtrofA^ 

|pp« In nian^ roriiiniJtiiltiriji. itikUi' il iln' ii»<kvi?-mfijliuiipi] gv« &» 
«*A|vii|^ in tai-t. Ilir-y ifH un ^viiliLiui :j|iv • •• I: i:riEi of ini>. Tilt wLlfftriEW 
Vbiftb l*fiJ tDwiuJi Ibc funnBti'Jii of orcAnic roipnj>iiiidic of n lowpi' orJflr. 
or tf iii4>r£KEij[t proline tir. ;Lrv ildubcLi'X <iT.nkJLfi<r iIlilil lIicm* l>y nliirli thw 

ronikiif|i?iJ wiib tl>i> i^v^riiiLmri ttt Jii-at whidi ur:(''iiii|WEiLn fL-rmi?iiULlMhU» 
Mill piiiy Lg pCLTtly lliQ cotuo uf tU« Apfiitafivami cunibiuLioU of ur^aio 

IVmifliiLiii^' Aul^hrjiniiH t'^^rinrallw liavo a romlprn^y lo fttpetrttnt nx7ir?li 
fmm llkfi ujr aijil otTn-r fimli^h ilpiiw, itfLi'f" rfTmciiluti^n (oki'i |iIim?u 
villi int a«?«H of fttrt il Ja ikcvoinpiLqied t/ pniriiLCAiEkjt vii flic turfciL'V 
of tho orgviJr ruhtun^ — FaErpfyi^iit BuLtftftui^oa rwlucn ■ul[jUi<l<] uf ififti 
fpoKl &rruu« ■ul|iliiil<> (V,* 3SN)- Tiio noin'iPinicin ui Muc mto uWtln 
ifldi/o by ihfi «oLK>q nf ^mpc'tiiigki in Eht »n<Jj^ri-iiii ii ll yv-'f •' "f tUn 

Tbc lobtluui muiit JJsjunoJ tu ffltrriotitttic-ii wc nnniopoai win. 
ponudB rii^b in iLLlrtbr^ii, v'a.. tbi itllinhnnoua ur pmlciu JiiUlnjuiw, aqch 
M blJiUEUKEit ribr;ii. rpuH-in, f^mdMii^, lik^unim. fliniUM, i-luron, Ai-., mid 
giHliilinmiA •ilIuhlii'Vi, ■ili'Ii V iiiriiibrTi<np4 cniifliAlirc r>f ;^ljif-iti rLiid 
ijrtbrr |iHu««,^Ju4, oLuiidM],oAiiiJLKTac<H itv On tbo other tiDDi), ttioro « no 
tHhtr compiTundJi ricli in uUfdki'IIp ■■■['b lu* urin iLciJ. iho llh&fci'lii miil^u> 
^x, uhiL.']], r^r (lii^niMilvm. nl hiHMl) un* uiH i^]uililfi of puCrvfyifi^, hqlI 
«Vnt iiuiun FitiW4iiirr<H Mnrijfin)^ In lli<< chiMii i>f pritEiiin riiRiiMiiiin^, but, of 
m niliprrnl iiAinn>^ ciipb lu hnir, horn, mil Fi&ni'^nilp^ jiJbiiiniiiL^ iiro 
■UBTf^libJD udI^ vf 4 ilow Jci-aj. Tlie rurmtr cumponuda. on tho ooli- 
Ijarjj nuiuire uuly lUit prcmiiiw of %v[4Lur aud Ui*- ih:c»* uf »ir ■! ibo 
cc>iu]iiL'j]fiituiiut, Lci brihf |}m>iu riito h xUiIn i*f fLrnurntikLiutr, wliicb. Dp 
•nrium iif Ehn ifflVimiirci vdonr tvh'Lob ■itoonipikniiu it, irmpiH^mDviI^'nolDd 
bjr th(i XfTii piitrvfftClioD. Slncr inloiAft ere munlj rajmpnMKi of Lh^m 
Mul^tinoH, Ibry ■; a «]>uelikl]y liable lu tbia putrid Jocnnp|rt<aihf'Ti ; hut 
irmny kviIb vf pliiiiT>4 (iiir*>i*i>, in?., wbiuli iru lili^^'iBO rioli til firoLeLo' 
i.'rttufivuri<k ntv oIj"* IMtlo t" (*[«- icilu tlirt >lnti' of 'Linking iiuln-rni'liini. 
Tbd Inii ampill wbinh nrJ^mipiiiLEr* utinlc'itaj;- puirdfurtiim, pmcBed* purtl^ 
from innrfTLDifi <!'iTnpoaiidi, lU^h ai fiilpbiNPltc^i byili^C"'' kkJ trnmopiu. 
|innly ffrMii iio^ly funn»d voUtllu o*)-i.riAu o"iiiponi'lf, (Im nnum of 
'wifii.'li jfl [iul Hjieily known- ^ftHfi*t>tiit| ]h« jpnjjkLimi u-Ddei atihi ni»litU-n» 
vS putn^i LitE •uE^lkqi'**, t^tmp. II,, lit. lITinJ 

Of itihi-r cTfrnhii' rorii|)nniiili, (Ii^m ate hut Tl-w ^bfeb an biwii;^* 
ibla a flKVi iiF roriiii'fitb[L<'n by contint wilb air imJ wMci', w lon^ 14 

EUiin imd |4ruU<rEi-tvjiii|Hiiini<0 urn pmlndi-.]. Hrcn Ji»i>l*iHl in w n:ry 
r^o ipinnTiiv of wnitr in irry ido^lv rpiiolv<.'rl into umiiioniji iwid titt- 
IwMJD urtd ; i^lluM ii|iLioui ■uttirTiitiiv of Tiiniiy tv(*i-]nkk< riKiiilr lU^il inon 
apcially «hf llif^ir nitinn'njiirnl mdlK aJ'O of to^j-Df, ji'iif iiri-i •Utroti, fli^ 
doMlhfKiNhk villi fi^rriTrLU-oi ai iiuhiild. 
' ftat many iubManc« incu|ialile of faTiiioiitJii|f ptr H. Qbd«r{^ iLiI 



V 



DEcoMPosiTios OF oboasic cowporyns. 



cliBiijrr "IjoD in f*ontiict wUh iri*WiiiTi*w tt prnWio compouid*; 
itiuM «lii#li fkFv oajtiU'lv »r rvrnii^i'iLn^r ii\>ii\r^ livuigiit iiroi'* ^hicIe^. 
Willi turmuiiuu of IklTfrflui i>tu(1ui;'U, wlipn tburvn b.ni^^1 i& «i 

xrijifli ixin^L't r'lmllv *if ccuUin ami lijdrf^p^u, ti"? lik'ijtallo wf i«ii 
fl^'on itnttiir llii>><< itLrpiinjAltutxiv A» golMj|iD4)a 4Uil luifl^iu 4Ci4l| 
cuit* rDntc^nUtit'U In vUji-r attWnnr'^ik tbrr Jfcm auH fiarmtml^ 
tko «iriipui]i]<li wlildi AJF liFviiL^liL into Iha wt^tv^ung ttxt* I't 

«v<iT» tim iniahL fT'nn4ititri1»ro aF nil auhkUiLom ui iliv fuiDvul* |Ja-jpihZ«I 

Pnkti4i>- mill ^^Idtln-rimipiianL]^ Hinu^limwi viciw rcnwni 
Othor <u^T4kqiir4. i.n-c<n iTlit?n \Ui^y tuv in lUn fnwii r[Ali\ u* tkay nv4 ii 
|>|ii&l> »n»l fluiiufito; — flnmctirikci, na ti« cantr«'y. tbry uimt b« ti^H«4 
to tliD &ir, >u A« tu hiian ibi-^ni ijtid • lUtc of Jn4ii|iJ?nl Cnvad ' 
bafan they vilil iiei v fi^rmniU« ujf"ii iHliQf botiut. anj. En Ui**«i 
iA nfifii fmirul tlml llnkv wili ^rinf; ihtioblirT ^iil^fluni'v luLv lUDcnvt 
nf fcmKintJLLmn, iwivniing (a tlis parlirulor aIji^u cf Ji:iMiaj»j*itioii «i 

TliD Auuuuua Hilutiuo uf ^Ji-io or tmvfiJBliB wddI'I proWiTj 
■URitlaroJ t-'J 111 Jiio^ i'\tuia, if l±'(l iv iUull, biU <lw othuUloji uf a 
{d^jM^faiv) im1(LiiiJ III itt iitutlU^rvi! oUtNi, ju>t a* it *ki*t« in 
jinwrd n*f«c almoiid mitb. <[itri>nki>['m nlinn inio rrHm-Htfir 

pjHuJD iLt'iit.— Tij \i)\H'k miiBLdnl^ t\it utiA-iin'i "f waT«f irHium tW 
Ijnii uf vuIuIjIi' oil lit iiitiaTmrtl. iu iMiiH«i>ao(i44 of iL* Ai.'liva 
•idB^rii'lJku flulMCvivtf cdiiUiiiuil JDLtvu l1ii> mytitiifcaDiU *}uoh ill 

ritftl trill Afprnr to pu' into a nlAt[> of tnnnd putri^lvCid^ inlf- 

}^LlL^l■|| bufltul Cu n |>ii[>le ftilli <vii(rr, an^l i\v.-f\ It'U to iUvlf ift t 

«T«luti['^ of f^rlH^iiic villi Hud li^ilfngvn ; buL in cvnliiol with «Ji 
.00°, Lljk« tlsrcli Hjf Llii> pvU 14 i^nDTPitpil iiLtn jj^po^ugBT iiL Hi;"t 
lully, if tlio B^ulvn ui pncioanly fmmtd nw iUi4 jnfuliv rumliU* 
Hhich U i-ihvU M ^HklnulTf] ^lulfii nt i/i^*^^ ib uiB^t^ it «f«l« 
e«it»«niuu vf diD tutpt it CO in loa* ikhQ &□ buuf, 

tvnifcjni miuJltrnil wIkiu ^IljH", at a»lf form* ■ LllJn monJil ■q4 i 
mitai ft liin^ Liuii\ fii*y tm ]jmn^bl« ihroTLlinjC '" l1"J inkUini >^ t^u fn 
■a4 ^o oiifc <if ilifcomp'iijti'hn, nod af«o^lln£ to Ibt 1«ii|i«a.[ufv 
Station vl lIhi tuluil^n, Ldio thtiw ciid'cnui tuio* of fi<rmBnut«Mj]| 

(/.vfvitTid UtaifiitB Aad FTmntUtlfhi), — ttt inU^ n Tiinmn ni^iiliiin bIIiiJ] 
%o rvm, AnJ (^i>flriJty «t thr^ bUiic iiint m[n nmi[iit» ( TuviAt ur Gi 
fthil ^Jtipf'u JV^'ntttfJnJ)— or it it nf^hrO iqtd <fbu»k k^ 
■leubul (PfnVMi FlAnnWim). (A •elaljon ni milk-mnr nnilinw 
■imilitr riMkgM aPiJ«r lumc "f tliu AiltiiwiLK cIrimiiiAUiEi(Hik] 

WilJi huie-ytaM iir wijiir-yiibfet, nUii-li iupt bn ri<4r,vilr«l b 

U id mr4l |Vrfi«<E lUlr., % »hklicn of fiifur' fMavi ui aiM inl* 

r* rtf It of ijiiuo^ fffiiKiLiUlkcB. So loiUi biiwcier. ad ib* fflaLnvu b* 

MBIJdb** m lUr UQAiLtftil •tuld jji wUii^U It I'lEAli in ■uIiUi'mi. 

•Ilk Hmpp-tu^ir. Ill iliD ^uic4> of t^ivM iukI ^ih^r fruir*, il n 

'fttf of inTiidntf Ibn iruniEB fpnnvntAliuti; iL moft fint Lt 



rCftllHJfTATKtS. 



<i^ 



lllE - - - - -- 



WUii (Eiii 

ci^iL wlii-'ii furlliEr ivi-em of itir i* ouiiipinlnty itr^vcDt^d. lleucc llif 
fruji rvmnint uiiBUfTvd, totnnn u iU odl«r ikm ii nnJi^uro^tH LuL u vi-tv 
■Hj|hi |FprrcimtiiiTi in tLiflirliinr tn inJucv tlii> vicL^Lt* fi^fmriiiiiL]f7]i» wIilcIi 
««uu ejtioati* f'mii iLrr iikjuii'il ^urb wvvr I]li< unlira Fruity uud uhimxwl/ 

fif *tiigif, bad ^ffi f rialLnniEt 'Cju-ltIi. not lutu innam. but inru liucll'' iiL^iil 

«/ nij into IqcUo joEil uurl u iiriuJl iinjiiHily nl ntviii- b^tJ; ruwarji ikv 
Chu of lliv' roriMtrTHbr^Hjii, pnrt fit lliii iliMJilvnl ilrvliijui i> tirrfipitjit^I ii| 
■ fqnliar 'liilo of lilcufnELfm, v viiio-fuminiil, which thnn brJiij|> t!ia Fo4l 
of lU*i '^■^jf'it m(u llip htjif- c>r tlDi>uji fvriui'iiUiJiiij, 

Frriiili uiiijusl moduli PLLirx, DhUiJi an Ijlciijilor uuJ Clir lining moinlrmpo 
af iJjt (iLorniLi^, ijfMrt<^f>or[ lu ivjLtiT rii ii'i npuu ^«uc]. |iUiBi rlirtiiijfh 
cotciuu lucv^'Hfjvtf ntu^L'j til ile<)jni(njaiLiij«H uuu uffcuflmjl/, lu iLc lint 

Xin' l\-"-i, Hit" MiK-iit fi'miL-]>[Alii>ri r 

iV^'iBt L-iU4.'io f'xiriiwl t4j UjD Liir fur a tLurl tluio, aoJ chc pUEiIltfJ 
C]eiilIiji>1j bFudarr^f ny tli0 ^iJiFtmlLUD uf uEiuurid'Uiillt, bi^iti;; a tuEutluD 
af •niTii MiEo ill" ■tU[>> uf lictU' AL'i4 fLiruinitLiiiioit , kilt tb'i luct'u: a^'ld 
(iiTk^lij' ^<nBliL<^LiJ r'liu^iitr* wiih lUn ff^riiirni, ^tn^ ^(ijv lir artiun, iiljIi^w 
it bt ik^'ur^iiit^'-i niiU UN jLlhnitiJii* fnib^jiicitr'- . Tii>ut»ii /^ Frt'uiy.) — \iy 
Ibfl luriliot 'iciiLtn t'l' ilt^ roriDcriJ. tho Jortlc boul K<rizi?il in ihi\ tarhcr 
vU^a u! the opcAliuu l> ci»iivi:iidj luLu bulyriv m^id. v itb vrolulitiu uf 
Mrb^mm ni,-M\ au*! Iijclru^^mi ^'"--■■- t^i^luuix ot ArlJi-) — BvLwOuu 91'' aud 
«]U'j cuuf^ia niii|biriv titc 3>ri>]>urLiL'4 of iviiit- furtmiiil, (l-iuli^i;,) 

MoHiiii fiirmoriliili'in apjiL^iiTA [a liv niiinL njuiijCy inilui't^l h-hrn tliP 
■utqiiiru u v^ery ilLlulo. nn-L llic wiQ^f^rmovt Lr aithn ni>l toll^' iIet^ 
Iciiinl. ur luui Ih-vu biuU^liL by tbc ^icUoir tif wl^^ut tubatiuipb^ fe Uiii'u uT 
iuij>l4uriii Briiln 'or DmiiiplDi iue/j a Ech oQiBiBut ulutf. Tlitu^ ht.'i'itr'liii^ 
lo lK-*{inu^t tlifi (Sll4rrail drcirrJon iif bi^nr-yiuud Irrii^ h fnluLuta pf 
«u^-ir ar 3"' kntri iljo e1-ita of Umccn* fffniL«Ii(ari(jn- 

'J'liii jtik'tJ Iff wKU;;cl-vtifiJ^l, tixrDJ|j(, or oniooBi wbkah vontalnt com- 
mnii aiifitr nud u inLtu^'mjus »uLfliuii:i', pu*ua bl (iiiJiBJLJy Ei'iafiumlunM 
jDlo viii0^i« fqimiintutj^ui, yiLtMnij/ nkr^uiijr ncUL hIi^uUvI. uini yvuMi . iml 
X lwcn ^0 «n'i 1^ ', It K^'(v trlTbut ■ vhhII qnikdlUir -^f f[iu^ n-iiii ifcaH' 
iofly fuFiEu bai liuTo ^t^ibnl. tlia iiig^r crnitBtiukJ In iJ 1heeei£ ff>r iJio 
mottt jArL FudkrHrltxi inlo j;ca.p«-eufnr, wiil 4^«f(r|k^Ll inlo laritlc ftcid, 

tW4, liUil mbUtlii^uuLii itiut&.*r^ (Liubi^,} 



1'be (vnruruULtion 4f prauii^- iind galafjn'CoiupauniU U |invuitcd l^ 
% %nriMy *if t'in?LimtlMiooii, nhii^h liltflitiK Intnrrcipt, il« fnmmr program 
H U hvk* nfmJv lH-j;uii, TLo umo i^um^UiMv^ llkuwrni prvx'^iit or 
■ntfirtupt thp fFruLcabiiltLft of uj faniiPQt4illu juuturltl* IhaX umy X'if 
oiiuil Willi (III ffiftuput^ 

Am'tfjf ib"»i' <iErPiini"liini'Pi arp tlio follwwloji 

1. iCiviiitvm '/ lAf uir,— Kicjnujj tilt ■iibBtufCa* in tfVCQ^ fn *BkF 

frnm nir^ m byilmi-t^p. iiitrijjzi>iii D&'Uiiio utd, liaJ tilbCT tfUV. 

ifaiuli (ftbOikt fumiHb wiyg*» 1" ^bc iiilrct|;4JEintirf BiilmtiirifVA; wtvtftiiiit 

Villi oil, lu^ttM. IflilloW, wwi, or r*.-ilj>.— WnjuJ iinmjirM^] in lln* 



100 



uico^iiKifintw or OBDAxic 



dlffiiw^l iliPHJirh ilip wftlcr, rnmoitit vimlurvd fnr rhrm^nil* <if y 
Tli^t cicluiiua vf air laay prcTrnt iDcIiilenl fcrmcnltlLnn, hut iTnn nsl 
baunlW iAUrtru|>t iLd vrtj^'Tw i>f llu-t wliJtli bn^ ktrcatty btgun. Aw*^' 
Uh Scliwimii {vu/, tn/',), i'tnliuiiiin of *ir uH*, nut l»y int"t«tilt«]f 
I), liiLl hy riri'i-^iiiUnic Itin mrimin-inTi nf llin ^iruM of VLtTVCfpiB 
Ibl nnd lUkrnmtA itiffuwl Mirini;;^ ilip ajr <J>Jf/. *iif,}. 
t. Ifrynfis^ Vorlvfi Aryi\i'*t |tr?v«nu f^vry kin^ of f«nii«nl 
■aJ ipliluiii nlluwi D«ui] nf utow i^iirnlpuvLiiJU : r. ^^, iVic pfvirrtil 
iVoud fuf tUnm ihixiNtml uimiT in K^jpliiin UiuiTii* wbCFO \l liu 

a, frttiiiff tnapfmliif-r. — WnEot In ifio •oii'l itntfl !■ nmf* if4Hi-T', 
Kod doc4 not nlLv fcrnjOKitaLJiiEi Ut &v uu ; \f\\\ c-ven ■( * f*w Atgnm 

vury plvivfy priP^Eim^F. A^J kiii^li "f fikrEiiUEiLiili»n ap|>var to tibc 
|^U4 ituiAt rviuEily t-i-tworn iJU' nml ^it^^-^Mitimriorlui Uavu remrbeJ 
»iwi»f0]njmiwl fyr (lnnHandu ^f yrftr> in t^o fw of HilwmL 

4. Itoilijiif fferti prtTonf" incipient fcMnoiit^iion, knct wnpltnlf 
tlap4 I)i4it ttliioli W aIniiiJy l-OKitii, altlirr bt'fVLU>N? til r«na«flkU ■■• 
LlU'rcJ Ity ]l, ill u iiiiiEbF miLndcr Ui iiWintiivii. w\i\j'\t, wh?n ^Jlcl htfJg' 
ii ■'■rircnl^ niuKMipiilih^ of put ni^r lion; or Lociimo it Itilh Ihe micnaeafCf i 

rniifnE^Ltiikii jiri>viiiitk'rt <>r InlTiLiiitod hy a lii'lljiig TiAl* tfoH not >^ 
n>Himci>PO iirii.»r oiiitliitu, if tlio air ln< pcrf^cllj dcloiloil, Wwuv fitbtv] 
UlEY^ii UT Ilviiij^ jfiTriii lufl n.'4]urni| Ut iinjduw riLrw fonm^Dt. 

On ibU priEKirlo ia fvuiiUcHl Appcd ■ pr<>«Ji«, hy wbiuh tiAtily <Ih^> 
unirlnn of fcjtnl 



loail'ln 

»,. may 



AnJ ilfiiik, 'anil UK in>4E. l3*ti. Tc^tthlta, milk, 
fnr y»n» -vie,, hy [M^rkin^ tWtn m ■jv^oclil 



lh>Etlo(i in •«iI<ippo<l lin oaiP4^ L«atliiff tNfl vp-sflli for wTf^nU hun 



m 



^%ii|]tTi9 vntor. *iiil hcFpiu^ T]ki?in otTtJulZy clotml. To rifiUin th*« 
irDm&y clrlivr mpjKrift, uitU LivlijH, Ehal tbo kiiikll <|iiLDlLry of 
CvuUiuihl ill ibc ctiabit<l Hir in t^kitii u}! by (li* ar|ptnic laallor. 
^^4<'mK aUIn to |iru<1urp fanni-nE «[ Limt ipmprjvlun*, or, witk Schwuii^ ' 
tb* fnicrtk«o-pii] fitsnu^Enm arp kJJIpil by ihc h»t, 

If ifac iLir lie [^iriirifl, tie boilril tuUunn pia» tfftlu, after • 
wbilo, ifilu tha (etiuiMiajr vEiiltf.^K. Li^wi'Ttr, [fnpt'juic*. niilk. ■■*'■ 
^^ ftp oifioMii] nti^a a ^Uy C" jl WEinK li<<nt, untbuDt l^iotf piolcclH 
'frov thn nir» t^ttd rliii niiiaJI '|r]iinE'ity of iwii<nhlirr:iMl fnniKint Cbvrvbjr pa- 
innrtrvp. Jrf-frprfl i( hv [imp 14 Hi upon lfa« n«t of tS* 
JnifaiJon nthy li4 prtitni^l for feDj Icnji^k of I^mn, 

A. Anti^-ulrttifiit or JnU'frptit ^vfi/unPcL— My tliiT ftrMiEiunof 
■uliiIiLib'nii, orjfAaiL^ uikJ iniirgAuic, funi]ifiiE:i.b]i) Lciliiv itm litpriTad tfl 
Ibi-it Uindmiry In furmttiUiEJaci. luid fi'rmiirtalinn alrnuly ftmirr mi npd u 
Jntorruplol. 

7m« •■UMliwMni Wl«t ptotably ul la iKrioumja; 

«. TIm7 aMnol vkIu /rum ibt fanDPuiabld luTvunc*. 

&. Thbv fuTin villi il K nriirpuLLnJ [nvv llublo tr fi*riiiwnia4im, 

C- 'rlirr clroiibpuic tliP fdrmrtiE in ■udi a nivibcr h Io d(|iriir« k vt, 

d. Tlipy tiikfi from Lht furroflndlite klr. unJ ftl» hnH Uh figgaat 
■ftltwiy oixiitDil br Lt. lb* oxynvQ mtairpJ fur feraeBUl^ub. 

*. Tlivr pni1>4b|y LTll ibv fabji,^ ■oil infumrin und ibBtf cw- 

Tbfi ikLI^liA Eni^fLti^^nol ifi <i ia jirulnblv Pim'^I by iTr»*rtltrf4 BmN It 
vEtk iD0iit uiJ froab oat^f *y^c«uifip*; uo i»lalMi vfi^tw 



|t:(TATIOX. J 01 

Xm vlrniie in f^rmtnt.— n and l Uis^lUar : AJculiol aa^t 

■UOb U Bul[i]jbriiT 4i?Lil, utuiii) r:rrtu bulplLulc, curi^vivu miLlrnuia, jxixd 

acid, uid cKrunml^i of p^iiuli- -</: ]V>l>ntrEy, piLliihiiri>ag Mti],— ^, Am*- 
pIuiv U^itlf ■> jiWiN>rTitK'ivr !iub]inLnti^, nnJ H^'nr*! otiipr of tlio iul'iii|dTii«« 
&1wT« vLMtiimni, At4C<iiii>i]a iL^Htii uaA ODFr^WfO euUiUiBlO kill fwit^i tiltd 
bfutulai ^fj« ttntiK-Ot ttaly tins latter. 



rhauatnii txkihitgd by ariitin v^ttafiU and anmof mbetatun diuinif 



m. 



lainipg lur. convvrl tli4 uiv^fmi uf lIib ivit iiiU an m^im] firloma uf 
MrbouJO Jviii jpu. but aI Lliv aiiim llii^n prni]ii(in (tiiih thoir nwn iriyean a 
liU]£P qitftiitiLy rpf ifiiEjir, »*' tlirkl. ihii tir^rwQ ni^^ttt*! Ukt BMhintflnA^ iiit<i 
vLlcli til" wnoil i^inni'Mrloil Ujlhn jiroLicw— wtiieU v<iii8ial» of-^TTsy *ii*l 
^U^fhcliiui r«}to(livr— cuiiiJiint ■ larituF pcr-ceuta^ u! cvinn iban tlio 
WMfi. (SftitfiUrt,) Wlicn ilia dir i> eicbiilfl* rLiukkt muotj-dliitviii^'fl like- 
wiHt ^i\a ofF 4 tnmU i|LiBiitiLj vf nhrhoikJd a'M ^iia, nml 4Ud aiiiter1*d 
tiit<] II |jiili7, n^tluti iu1»(jiriiv^ KMitniiiitijr a rmuiHpt i>orfonEn^ii nf mrlniii 
Ibu tlio wwiL {^ir»ijr0-)---Wiml in tlifx klirrcd <tolQ prudi^nvw ihn 
ftvperty of ilkinlng hv aIow cimbaiitioik ofior cipudnrc for ^^tme ImiP to 
ihg mt. (I-, lOL)— W'owl wlticL puLrvfica uuJfr wiLor, emita cubonla 
■del nuJ i]im)i-^if^ Lo^tliiT wU!i J iiiiiuli iiu&nLity i»r iihrug^U' (W. 

nuMmtod Id I ifjru. u/ wtLor ever lovrcury, iill LLcy Ivifiu iv jrivo m 

n^— duribtf wlfiufb limy ihojr tiiLo up E jgnii, uf wuh^f— tlii^ii inlfjiluFoJ 

VtolOO PuU- eirnt- of Jirtun-Ht gUPO? (vikI1iit *ilS vuriuiM i^UUlitttJUa uf 

mivr «v4r niTnurj-, aniL left ihnn? U lUu 'liiiiU^. mhihit ihu fjhllDwia; 

nioltii I, Id oiLjccij j^tv, iipdrr ti proi, wuif^r, fot ^ 'lnj;B M If* : they 

■Uor\rMl Tii'^ tuli TVitl. riEjgeiL gat; ovi»Koi] UlO i^trbiiiiip Acld ni^iJ l^d 

lij^TV^'ii — 'i- Ot^KT oDAoiiril |nMu to nk^v^'iJ [;i» uUljoKt HHkTiitlrooibod 

11 U rub, 4xd(, fikvifv^n* iivulvml SO'ti ixi'friirMi^ itrid, liul no Ijylro^iii — • 

3 OlIiKir ponii nnfipT 1 frm. oF water nt 23 IW ^ Aayn, «1iHii'ti~»| I V oub. 

«tnr, (Jk^^Q, fivol^DiL S-3 iLitm^n, i'V Uydtn^a, luid 14'? cirbunic 

■oM. — 4 OUirr invlDnitoi] ptu* kppl m ikifj irilliviut *ivitnr^ for 48 l]t>iir>. 

tlihOfliM Lil'T Pub, wiiL Anygvn iiod 11 niLri^fidf ani^ cvijlv«d 1^'2 

fifttDniF vijii. — 5. ']'h(< |icb* of 3. nflprvrirtit iiitruducvd m(o fimli tir 

[f4>r «« liaLEnT|,Bl>»urE>aiJ 1 1 !JA vul^ <;i-iit uv)'i;cn^ukii<t !'< aUro^'n^uid 

«ro1fci| lG-7 rarihmic *clil.— *i. Otlit?T luitcmltf*! |>cu bW Loli ka air for 

t linpv^bHirWii L7~4 fliiS, tTBiit- □KriE':ii tfutiiiid 1'U uitru|;c*ii^ ct«lv«y| IT'1 

CvbuuJo <L«id,— T. F"ur \»-'vt \initittniu\g 'Uw puLiafm-tiiii] in ?CtO cub^ 

eViit uf niLrriyvij Lni*. 4l>tijrl' »ii K 'li^V'V -1 i^iilt- mnt. nirm.L'i'ii, riuJ ovolra 

fi'^ urbbuic mciil; Lut in k ttAlfi or mpid piitrrriuitMin, i^n'v iJuurlt im 

B]tnt|p>b in H iUja^ but tfi^o oA' ftom Gfl to ^A fliih, rvni, mflwaiiiR juiiii,— ^ 

A. In a miimiw of EOU rnb, «al. Tiltrofion ifiH ahlI Lijii mh, cfHit. 

bylru>runt I }fi^if mwiimLmi m nbuvcn altutb E'7 aub, «rl. Ditro^VD f^ 

kniJ i't^ bydruifen. ud uTnU-n IV'-'^ n^trlxniii' wud.— fl. Uufiu^ ali^w jtutro- 

£uttJaD ia bydra^BQ gw, pou ikliioTb Uliln or (hmit of i\\ui gnn, but uvulvq 

A uulU qantltj uf oubvni« h'id.— 10< Ja « mitlun vf >^dii| mcuium 



[ 



103 



DECOMPOSITION or OHaiKlC Ci))II>0(iNrit- 



I 



VciunjE Ipaly rtv-m* nf JitJi^ayo taii^a (MrTOiprNii'liaj I0 frS ^«l vf 
tbaOnad ptiiDi),braui{1Uuii>I«r wMpr fn* tdiin of aammi'iicTiiH pnlnte- 
Hod, wii] tb<m Mttfcridcif firr 4^ bunn in Vl<>i rt^T, ««ni. pf ^ir ■( If, 
n>M'*rlf<l !fS'? rub, »n(, aiy^^n iru. tMrrrly 1'fl nllTfiiffql, BuJ vvalrtj 
IDT vuhubic tdd f»>^ Anothfrp xini^Ec of litr«fQ bruu^l flD^rv w^Ut 
1u B >UEfl lif i'pniiniitjhIJnn, llifn (ni1#ii I0 4 |mlp, vrn.p|T»4 tp fli i;**** 
ftnil tiifl|ioj|ilpiJ for H Jar* in VC'O cub, cunt, nitr'^j^n fk>, ■Inorbad nt 17', 
4'Hiiiili. noitt iitthi/i>ii gn* miiL an v^al ^lunliiy qf curljunie iwiil, wiiliaiil 
■■5 b/dpojBfl. (Shi^uM') 

In other civm. uu Lhu t'iDimrj, uitruvn pit l« ^olvf4 duricj: putiv- 
futlno, «iip«iiiLJT ill OtEk i&Upt frlVK. rvut |>n* mii^cniilfvl ■« krqre |J| 
^■i btyfiiu (ft rn nff", •mi»* no niln^ffn, wlinn iiiiaitiwid irt |"im rjiffpiMiit; 
ul*! lev, K^'jf h «trip« (hfi |iEiirrfH<litiii , l>Dl in % luiiiitrr i>f mrbanie tn^ 
■ail biErcie*^) [liiT t^'ulvc 7*7 fwb, rvnt. nHntji^n, <l^h hfilmifmiH knd lf'i> 
QuIinTiiti uii],— l^uQF pHB niinnifd for only ofin riitj, init hinnnprBed i% 
aaUlat^of IDU a«b. Ami cvbunifl lcIiI m*! 100 nfifottn 11 1»*. «v«rr<f 
la B iltjiL, I'? A mtr<i|f<vu trn*, I'-t ltvJruir<-B, und f I 1 ctTbrjiiiD urid, btf I 
IHBL prpTrrai«]y miun'mtM fnr A *lnT». rralu' 4 rtib, nnO- i»ilroj:0«> I* 
hydn^H, bikI 1 nrtxinio %n4. {"fM mwr^tMt f>r fl d*y«, am ia » 
■IBM of BCKi** pciifofwUfin. DBV glvtuflTntlnirciit tncrchor wItL f«cb4«li 
Mid Mhl It cvrUuu 4imuiiiy td hydrq^n, crrn vfirn itLutd u bd Bcar 
jyhwB nf pwirt nKnȣBii (Bud ibMj^ ibanrbunin lujif, u jl CBCBpn^ nBf 
U ■BB tM Tr d fav |H'tvh}, hnl Iiih ihun iL^y hhuM ««0|tw in niinf*« 
pw mfxvd intL p-D nuti ^okpIiIj of ^rbonir iM^jd; f-jT'. in f*^ 
BBBM vf paibb, LB voV rcDL oilraffVti Bfid ^S hydrk)^n ia n diji^ 
(BlBUBixm,) 

WFieii prdK, It'Dtcl*, FnTifK ban*. hiIm, vfairal vr bai'lrrH ur Vr^l lor 
tir* itiAnLha in ih* *<iimn»r, nndfr b fiuifold wpij;M «f w^m Iw* fnai 
■if, iuB inbp Dwr mrtmrr, hhd fUmdinEE l^ lli" ■IiA'I', nn nirrti^ii j^ «■ 
OvolffH, bitt fAfbonJiT vh^IpI iniKM wir\ l^rilntL'^^k "'. " '" l^^^ '^^^ **f ^ 
mi lartBjf BltMvly MtboDir »vl KAh (but t]>iw bIh) jMd hydnii^ft fV, 
If Abib Ik Bnywr Bbovo iLn h*!^). Tho 1mtr<jtf?D if ontlvrd fn:n 
BfcwubBCJy B* Uia mi|i«RlUH ii tiigbrr, utiiI tbr iiLilrrfuEimi i* fujlbcr 
■dvBBHBd. lltnvfTBnin'v f>t p«A4 «vdh'D in 1*0 ni.jDlbi StS P«b, oraL 
«f ft oii*Ww fif (CBita ooniiiniiii.' pm f ?in> if hjLjfojjBu, Thrti* rna 
(if kcnt^U if>rld 01 eolL ccm nf b j^ahi* miilnr*. T f>r »bM utn 
hydrvfcB^ if ihor fcmart bvlwecn 17' and i.V. tlivr yii^M VBI 
QBrboAic a<id. TUtdb jinmfBca of vIjabI jricbt i4i1j 9A fnb. 
nivci] ^ii-P. biHny irill In*. Tb* bjslrutn ^ f^rm olT by |w 
Uuii K ■Binll t|uuLLiij nf iiinnh-fBif ar aiwiaie (Old's Bud btnc«^ 1 
npJvdfd. ^i»liL> s G4 |i, n <ikrbmii'< Boid f-ju- n^vmr^-) 

l( Bp|nni tlini tli&E fipB* in « nUrp rf al^fr fiqli^ri^^rfpn «b*ai 
tAUOffm^ftt, tf ihvT BTv nruci] In bb ntmMph4<H of nim j,iii. 1 iiiMiiii ib. 

An ■faipliai of ibo ■iif'/ru- tn \ ttefto of njiJ pulrtfiMic*. 
^•« Btf Htnifq ib t miiLiim ctf niirnf^n ami oBfliiiriic and; m ■■ 
oBBBtliyu pKW Biln0mfmA. und iK^no jn b^vdmna « m r W iBito 

W^ Im* BJBWilOtfgd fBM« paL(4ii£ ('-> ^ml B ^bM* «B A* pMMf 

Tk BBiMan M«>i. rAm. ^Avv, 1 1. JSOK), 

Wheal Jffft Ii> rt>r|f in b flub mnbtiufnif air Bad (iA*tdnl irilb a ^v- 
JaLvviyiiibBifitM of cantvaiB a#id Bbd by<fcruf«ii fM, Anl hilWralM 



wiM' 



fECVESTJiTJOV, 



109 



bjr volonio of i : t, iUm itt 2:1. and lottlv oT 3 ; I > Iho bjrJioffau 
«rolr«il ij frto frvm ovtoft. 'i'lin nitiJuaf woU-ty hijuiil euifUuid 
ntyrie afiii. If in dkit tiperimrjiL tlio am ha iniMi]i]rMr e-h^JllJuiI 
by nUDTiBfj ii !>■ £«r u puHilitu fmrn the ^h'jjeih Aftrr tUiir iuLiiiuTtinn jo 
valor, by »p«tktnl pmupiDg. tit" frxuii'niiTtioii wliicli Iak» (■Inc m Tcrj 
iHLpwfrti. mill Titlrt* buG vrrv IIiiIp xUj nBUbiriA tbI rarboikm miiit 
U S *nl, hjtJrt^tPD- WbltO fipfcas Inttl^l Iflw tlia wLont in t|>o Gnt 
4l]4^rrm(<nl flnl i.'tii> vlV |uiro farko^EJis noM gia 4bd tlivu a ujLhUiru of 
9 VoL i^rbuiLie ki*id lo I tfoL byjFiiHD. ihe lAt(«F Ivifi^ fvof* fi'um cirbuii. 
Ac lliD <»nil vf wcpki. llw VvuloUDii of ^pia is JShinliULt, jmJ ibc rv'iJubl 

fiuboiiio «riii hi ftnib. tEipiL n mutuiQ of tlmt^n wiili iiydru(*^a aiiiE Inuo* 
of ■ulpbuwU'Mi lij'ilrtV"'*. *Ll F>'" "iniu Ifiau |-niluDtU|f liulyfiu upitl.— 
Ontn* fif oiHiH giv*: "I' III 'I " "I |i 'J Ijui v<rv i»Lllc caruumu hpiJ, likit uo 
b^ilru^a. WLil j'idd Irui ^ Ujiu of buL^ric tn-hi. tim rurmiLEiua uf ^hicb U 
ij»E]iii;jtirl}r fitqht^ctvd hLeIi lit* tfTolutiun ft tj^tP^n. [Etihaitan ii iiiu- 
ab4ri<i, J. pr, CAim, UM, ifl.Vj 

^If* — Two glftu boitlw. ciuli canta&Dlnjf 9 ouoo« of »BL*f, wom 
tliKC y±.rli (IJlerl willt fruli milk. IUqu wbI^ cIimi^J witb |fri>LiLii] r[4»|i|ian, 
■nd b^tldil for twubuij'* ia U.Uixia u-niar. Tlia vr '^f nut> of Lhitnii biillEn, 
utwuinril viiilitJumtTLoiJIy hhrr Wlinj;, htill dniilaiiii'Li lii'? p. <v nt 
atygrm gB^ 1'lir annnit hutiht w;\i krpt unJiir vAbrr for 1^ diiy> in 
Jnri#, at ft tciDprmrirr Ij^^rvtrn VO' ■D'i 2^ , ond tlioD opened, tbitt thv 
DiiLk rnvbl hti DiiLiulcitd; no atwpo *>i A*' l^^^^ idiU'D vbcii U uu 
Cip«no4, Tbu Eijilk wu (lui cuiiUAt, ilid nut rtildoii iUinuvH »ud bad ;bu 
ImHh ff HW4iiit 'jTub niJIk, On NujiMi^^iimii tii|PiPiiniit lu lliv ur fi^rn (uw 
tU-VM, it ^^nrcLM H'ld iiirqtim'd ihc |>Liu-iir <jf rrcjibimikjc lilmo*. 

T3i? Qino ^tEvrimfnt vu icjitttt^L wktli four olhat boUlc^ tbo firtl 
bc^ne flilud uflii iinlk. to I *>i lU bulk, tbe tcoood tu if) iba Uiird Lu j, 
ud iho fmLrLli uril^ lit f. AflL>r twu boiiri' biiiiliiift in 1ji>*lirijf wulur. 
ifaBHirof tbn lin>t Inttln ■lill -TtbLlMtiHl u fim|'{j['ljuii uf iixygou uii"Uiit]U|f 
bt 1M4 |-*ir cnit, Tbw ulh^i ijnti-l^ wpw krj>L ihhUt whUH' for n'lS ivn<k« 
m JatyAihi An^iint. Tbo mUk rtin[J»vd Uukd: but nn (ii|>FtiJn£ ihflO 
tbrt* liotiloa ft ii'lHliirt of ^ih#iu i^MirtL vrjtlt ^rpftl vIhI^iil^; ibiii ;;m vu 
oallftelvd fiuiH ibo JiLr^ ftiid fuurlli bollkM^ A.ij<t foui>i| to puct^Lm ft lur^o 
ijuariLilvof nrbunfr ncidn but nniLvr Eiiyfi^Lt iiikf Lvdio^cn, Tbit milk 
«f Iba ^orlJ] lioUZc ■[![! nuEininni lii3uid,Wt ri^ibU'iiuil liLiiLu.. uid liiid 
n»l ■ bulri*! but n flpirJtiEEtiin I'li^ur- In taci. when liijiilliid In t^o npiot- 
nilW dtwiribiHl iu /'o^g. At,'<-'il. itylvl'\rd n tvw tlmm uf un hLQikinULaUg 
duljUftlv irhlch *iDoU l«k« oIiMjhol. Tbo milk cdrdb'J durioe diAUUciEJi'b, 
ftod WDftftfkPVftrda fi>anil to be iLill •Lrv>i>j;ly i>0Ld; 4 prooi tltnt farWiiu 
Add wiu Eiul tliO i>nlv bfliil |jriidiwL:d. (Tb, <, J>LJ*4'li V^ (tulJ 

iJeucu n II19T cttududu ibai wLcii milk ii ImjiIchL Jvr LWv buun witli 
ftftmftll fiBAiLtJLyuf ■(r,i]hly Ib« mjiiillar purlioci i>[ ibcoiyt.'cD U itWirbcd, 
«ad )PY>I the i^ii'i^ii vhiidi rt>nutiuA tii-u^id no fcrii^vuUtlott; hal it iha 
qlikOlitv of nuLk ii<< riniHll'tr in nmfHizlJL't] [i tlihLof lU^iurj OftrboDLC «elil. 
Jftclio ftpiil. Mid cJcohoJ nro prodnrpd, rvnn if all fiirrlior itfovn uf air bu 
pfcnnrctL Tlic fonuie ficl dtiei not >ftoo vitb bhu Ihuory of Lkbiiv 

Ik* k(t*T vTitb Ikfti of Brbwuiu, 



tf- 



Rltiod ffitt rj^ iKTr iD^iii pari* t^ AnifUiit, — Fruhly dnwii IIikj*! 
jjHod. li>jr«tfaQF wldi ftir, ovpi* mni^iiry ail uriLiuiuy UuijH-mEiLnih, dnm 
■«! ftc4 upon iku air in tko titst IS boun; ■ub«DE|iMiiily t^o 4UftDUly of 




101 



DCCOMrosiTroTf or oucaxic couracvDt. 



0111 'finimbhfv, twalue ilio (firVoDfi^ »1i1 ^^ fnnni«il from tho uijxw y 
jbinrbrd; hut vhftn lliv bluml l>oooiui-A Mtunlr^ vich cnrboale mM. 
•miii(pnia^ii] pnmfnctSi^D tnkc* fl^H. uiil ili» *4lai)ie of cu Imhmv* k 
flODBOiiiiPTiw nf till' pVFliitiitn <if curlmriic aewL KiSrin vS b|ro4 
(rvnlfwl, mnvi>r1v nil Llii' i>i_V£ntt 'T eIld tkir m t4 lioun iiila orlrtaiei 
» rni^ill ^-urljiMi uf wliiLih i-if-^il'.'.. 1,^ if, is dfOnmpniHJ a^A; •fMiMiitI 

tbo Tulmuc uf [pi« i^'iiilpijnally '■-<' jh c'>n«()i»niT« qf (W«t*lMii«- 

of cafliDtic Arid, fj. Iiu*_v-) 

Of Elm mum mliil pnru t>i kului&lt. tlinac «tiW;L |tulitlV nMt q«itklx 
Iif t>i'^ 1ti^«Ii 4fiiid ATT ilin lirmln. iti^Ki^t*.-^ ii|»l4-<in, lirtr, nuJ olbur ^bbJii;. 
ibry ;irv? r»0' frkTtirnitn Jiriil, r»vr<T; iii tUi' fint fr.m batir>, md iafnin iIa 
tcdnHio of j.Tit In ?4 1>nii»; ihrTi fnllnw, thfl iikin, |jrTin*I'L]id, ilcirm *itMt 
illtHtini*fli vo1ii», cirlrr]?*. biiH aionmcb. wlij«h fimdiTiY r^rbnoiO mfiA h 
94 hnum, ilhJ iiicrra*? tba volumr of ^u Ln ah iiilfrvftl vtrylo;* fnni «& 
Sn 7^ brFurv- PuinrjiFlrui] trJici plnr* Mill inrirv iluivly ia lamlen^ 
inl'tr<r''ni>Km1 miliNMificLs ntrlLUffti. luiJ I»eie]eih, ^J Bai'}'-) 

Olygcn ^104 bcoi^ vnniplnl^lF pikiotbr-i^ rurbriEiir^ u^ul unA ikrunTtmit WItf ' 
dii«D^n^t<L, niiH juTnotiijwa oiu ft «iidl ituAiiihj nf ■nlpbDn^ivd lijilni(ii« 
or (iin|ii-i:riiilv in iIip «•> o| inDii!tvBV of umttli-irM. (J' pAty^) 

|)iirEii|t tiari iJiiEri-^fiuLiuii ImiiL ■> oVhjIkiI, hikI in Ikp raih uf tbr ■■■•* 
qnifkty putrnF^in^ uniiim] iunlt''r*» mcb u bhiu!. filiriq, ib* bi«R tikii 
otber nBuwlM^'tln- li»»*r, dum ni»i#r, l^ndnua, 4:^,, |b« t#ifr|wniliiTt n«*i 
frOOl I* 10 0'' In ■lotti; pqlrr^iLE fub«Uli(««) ihl rrnluUco uf hdl ti 
<Bi>C ptn.'OptiLlr, in fii>n*pi{U«Dn of tli« iJi>^^oe*» i>f tbp A»itHi. bvt il 
m(i'1(riji>tr<Lty Inkia |iW.4^ Animal tciWiuitoB nrc cuDicrtfil kr PbU^ 
LioD— "itfa funn]Ul"0 of turboniD ■I'jit uifl KnunbLilii— into & vqi^ftitJ 
vbidt HrvBufu^fcl for ilie brw af Hi-", n-inl U irr^nnlEr ivvnttvd 
&ta unniDDiA hull eirrartir* niAtinr, PnLnofn'ntiAn ulir* pUc* ■*■« 
ijuirklj Liii<[nf iliiLiL»L-litkil pro*"Uiv JD h LjiW ntarbil^ii^ nvcr iPOJ^nry Ikiff 
^■wivr tlic- oriliiinrj 4Lir>o4i>lierio iircNum^ b»aiLH< tlin iirw}uci> at pnU^ 
doii. Til., fiLfUniv uiiJ uhl CArtoofttO of wnmi^iLiH. Eifirl «p nii^ 
XCnt ■^truu. 'J'buB k pi«<« of njpBcIo iiniiWTHil id a polalua of 
lim of carlibPitU uT AmmoniEk m ail oiiDAciof mivr. iIoch i>ot paUt^ 
'4 wnkt; aiTiI ■ |tliiOff df p'rU'ifm n-itiAinA <m*^))afiint4 fijv N ■JMilti n 
•dTqIuh fi fi fniiii iti <vrli4>noli' if >iniri4iniA ^ii an onnev tf nlo; 
(J. Di*». A*(^ifc* ^fo/. fln-r ,>'»fv/, ^. Xt. loa. 2*3.) 

CmHp or ^luloD, Imuvntft ■□ water, jfttr* aIT k klinkine nuktMV «f 

' jujfi t<U uid hfdfonaci dv; iiuj^uu (□ ttit *vvr, tot lr*« mM, 

^ iier ifilli pulpb^rvltwr bTd(r*>nMi, A/iinmnU cvrhonal^ of miRaviafJ 

A iululickii nf s[i'ijitJn pHuiu ■! onrv tnir» iho niitu of AMunoniarjJ piOi^ 
ifinn, viilmnl pmnniMly gayjif; (hninrli llio h^id tlu*, 

Jd likbLt* iuHir<»ui •oliitlooa of lubtluior* ^IiIcUiuti ibobnnl to^mlVt 
faxnnonUa iido>"r>& un oujekljr funiiifd 

TIm pluf^fHOcuH itf puMTioir A«N |f,. )A!l), jidil Ihr. 11^ «r ite. 
itf fiiiKX g«rKBp« anw fn^n phi>«pKurvtiti] b^rofvn f^ «T«lnd ia 

MawQlar Av«li k««|ii lot«n.b1j wA\ ti n f^w Jf w a aboTo ♦*, Uiiat 
IJ^ U |4fM« inio tkrv. &n>l at li inM mi-id fiutiifciliiit II cUa 
W •ofV*r. jii'l^l* a - Alrry Imuiil, (ivn^ nff aa tSmml laMtbUt 

knaUc*! vTvcir, wki^li grA^mtllj dmiinialiM, vA ai Icaylfc Ran 
alUtfMbfr; uiltanpifnad flr*i Iw.t % thm f-ip. mJ alMira*^ mMm 
pnAj iea^niDii^ bniwn, faiifalfl mua [muiiU). vb^fa «^ Ul tvfji 



F^Rtia^STATlON. 



105 



Klllo. (FouKFoy, Si^iK Art Vonnitm. Chin. 9. OQ ; tomp. Pri^Htliiv. fJa. 
nn-i tttjn-n, vn d^ttnt Idndt *^ mV, 1. 70, ana iSiT; «. ;I4IJ. Piin(rlp, 
i>-A;/ ?>ant. tti, 4M0i Crvll^ C'V/j^ aWiv X I, 1A«,) TU ficM^itb 
n>]r/ur <*f iiKvii, Dl ihfi riiinini'iimnriiT. of ]*mrorFkcllun, )« pofliu|i4 iIud Id 
ihp i.r*"<rTirt> "( 4iil^HfiiL|f^ pjf iron. {i\\n ) 

W lir-ij n friviMi iif munriiJnr llmli u liJt fa lEidif (nn tvhitt iiapjKkrI Tj, ib 
vctHjijd j-ioL^u liLJd ii|>vEi n Eiui^ pkra, kuiI- 4 tbinl on h |>liirD o£ cu]i[>Dr, tbv 
n^vt pirci.' Ik'^'UI' i*} i^Llmry uii lliv fuULJvriii^ dnv. but iLti otlivr (iro hot 
till rkflflf a lii[]L''^r I'dm, lUiL ifilh fi)rinatiL.iJi ff iliflcrL^i^L iirfliliioUj for \h9 
jiiikiw \uls\ iL[>ij|i tli4> iEinit i^iviH olT unirfumih nikil ivrVii'ri'ili^iL hvi)rrp|rt^n \\\, 

flc^t^lc uf cu[>|>fr. 4.VfTk><|ji>iiLliii^ liirlV-Fvnci" km aiiUiLitgil by (Im 
'tiflunrui |iarli cjf a ]>iifi« ul' fliuii plitcuJ iq ilia ['Jmiiit nt lhi< ^WEknin 
latlnry, (U4E(i>i]nm, Aim. Chim. Pk/fi.. 4%:tUi; o^Mi ^ckw, !iH, 'MH , xhrn 
Br- Ar-L :ni. r.'Jit). 

Frc'li bpi<F') piicIqai?*! id oTVjzm nj, vtbthlr^ for tTio Qrit fvn- \liija % 
Dncr roil cvtour cKilii t>tfurc, but iJuffiiirJi bcoumuk jiiLlcrr Bud iimiBt, 
«Xiultf imuEpiifUiit ilnitw, wliiult nELuriviuilii Cujii iiLElbj» nqJ ^Hiconimt 
iPalriJ ib U dxy. it tm fur A I ility>^ it JkrliqiinHii* nti'i i^mitH Jin iiihii]i- 

tnto ciafi">|]jii pf4i]. — I n flyslragfjt ^aty miul iwHfuii^n LifbL IiIvwil oolnuJ: 
t«uDapi EomowL^ki dri«r biiJ vio'e •'■lid. iuii after H Jji}'* ii not At aLI 
pB(ri'^ buL bui A ■oruuly iiurucpliMD voiii ■ijiuU, If afU'r^u^i «x|>^ii*J 
lu dm hir. iL lirins up iu il ImrU mou mtUf^it uult^fyiu^, lii uuulbur 
ripcirJiTLiiiit^ lliQ ini»tr avoii «fiur A4 <lii^>H ntliiiiltocl LIht vppuitmMNi ot 
fr«*h nml« tiut tlJink Imrribljr. tbdujb iu oiEttur wvi thlFfttiint ifm Lbat 
of meat p^itfoUod ia 4iK7g9D ffv; tba byitivignn wae aft^rwarili fouod tu 
bo uiUoil »jlb TurbuitiL' KUid'-^Jn C'^fhiuit luyi'I ^-i^ m<^E nr>Mi*ftFt ]>rov»ii 
ur rt^l u^ Ant. but aficrwarAlt lH*i'ituiUf i^nlur. AfliT 1 1 ilny!', li nix-iriMvK 
b»Un1 timn la vAwir. nud if vurv uufL, IfuL iml Hlii^k^ ; it* iKluur in vo^nr 
&mtJy A<id. and nik oipo^uru tn ibn ajr it iloon not pucrofy. bitt dridi up. 
After sM dny*' inimnffti.m in j'li'booic m^id tn»», h ciliibiU iJi* wtlfliir ^oA 
QuiuiaWiLiMi vf 1j4jd»l iinuL, i^nd i^ nut kiL all pmrld.— lu ^uffifir/r-tit ufid 

{at. mm iluiiiuilirti^ly Im-V" il^ t.'r»|r>ur ^ n.(\vr I If diVK U bHiv^utc-j iiiurh 
K^r ind driiT lb»n fnMi rufiil, arui^lh of nulpiiiiroiiti arid, nfid cm 
«ijwmir* U ih« air ctrioi* ii|^ in f<<ur ilay> *Ubaul i'UEiufjiii|;--^/n jnfAjvi 
^tti/n-ij4 if SUif^MJu, mimi vAbJbiln fiviu'lv Lliit ■nuiii' i^tiiLnictf J*.- — III JVtfnd 
(tfWff ^Ud. IL ij4]iivdiikEi]]y Juii]iii'iii ii bri^Tlilvr rcil «iiloLir, aiifl if tul^iin out 
MfUr \\ tiny*. i^ilitbiiB n l>nfl ruA ouliidr. i» iKurly iDf>d4rroo«, iki-P|tiirrf « 
^■fli odtrar iin ciputurc lo tlo Aft, niiil drigt up ■|d|i;1i.1^, A pm'o uf 
BHl [lift III ibia [^4 fur 134 dftyi, ftppeui bright n<i xnd udii^. 4iid 
«iuvJ]» «i>inffwliiit itf nkria kirid^^ln JlHaDniomf 74,1, nir^t urEtuimii n 
b'ljrblor rfd lutloiLr^ vrbJidi il mitiiiM if krpl In tbn ifim for T'l il^n- 
WncD (aLcn oot. it (* rtfr^ (noduroun. nod dflc* not puin-fy 'ni <'i)'0«iiro 
10 lb« kill but drfu np tn & brown, *lilDlnc mui^ (mldabroiidtt N. CrMf, 

8lnhtlrt' ntpi-riincHtJi wmn foiinarlv mudo by Primllny (ff*/'- flnrf 
C>A#nTi, nti ifijr i-iiiln y n»r, t, li^Jj bv UfujMiiiIidli (f.Vf^r, Cfmn, Ann. 
176:7. S. ili3>; nud mnru oipniiitlly liy finrhmjutn iSfAf. J- ]>^ tflD). 

If ■ boElln, pontalnirtf «tiT^t w^lb iniyii^ Up wril hoiJrd, ind, wliila 
n upnn nir U rjitiludi^ilp only ftir b« puiKri tbruiiifh ii, w\t\ii\t liju Um^u 

Simviiintlv tmEiHCiiittuiI EbriHiirb a ri.M'bi>t k'°«^ IuW uii iiiLl.ru&utiiJti rir 
urnwdin of inFiiHjrJii, ukiw plnci^ uvuti in iH'viirjl 4iMikH ; but tm <t|Hiiitn[> 
iJiD bultlc. llioH pbflDOfflrgjt nmn «I<ow tbiiinrii>lvi;L Htnoo il 11 pnbfebbj 



k:^. 



^lb< 



1» 



BVCOHPOStTlQX or OlfQANIC C0ltn>U:sD9. 




ihH Ilia «ir ODHlolv givm* uf iufnvrin, irhicb bit JhIfdjoJ bj ifiii 
Lei( th* ^j'luv rr(»DtuB*iJ in llin iitii^it*^ Air pciMiaC" tbt Drt-»u«iBA 

.■t«li(lc ia bh'iml^ hfnikclit Vnt«i tlm <l4ti> of piitjr-f;prlj vi« d*** 

Hh f>a fflfui-jrin ixni dit funuii pfcvirnf tiulrrfn^iuii : but cxlfvct 
tsii'frr, wliii'Li ii A iiIioi)|7 fjt»uio]i fL»t mfuii»riu. Lut iif>I fur Idi^p, 
rskoi-* jfiiEjEkfjintrtn n1ii»>fiv> irhirJi ivnDEnjihnv ihn FiarniV^Pii (4 mfa 
HdHi m llir «niliiijflii nf iiitrjKumltPfl hv4ln>ir<'n, twt Htlpv^ bnaM^ 
JALi^tinii r^. fu oij. l'orft<<(fv ^imLUr iikinmii^m nn tibfbiiAl in ' 

Thii i^ipirj EK wni r\'|iuUi'<l "lI]| lIui hldid rault. hoth with n««A- 

ULiI br-fLli. by I'm, (J, jir < 4 ?ri |l<h I KIT,) 

fii'tuilirtJir (J. pr, t'limn Ul. 4?1J) prni^rxHlml tritfk vinllu Mnw^i 

itith a. vcll'SMtod cuik. lliroii^L vhJcU niH Ihu ;;ltH Ivba ■ >ad4, 

bfliEt Bl lii^yl lui^liM, I'hu uuftrr uiid uf lltu I'Ltj^itucUn^ tub* « ■■ dnn 
out In A |j[i>cii, B-ni! tltJiL of fLiit liibtf A, wiiiclf jwvih v a *b«bia|r tub«k 
u bviit cIjiwiLn-iiJvli. Ttap LJ^Eiid in thu fU*lc i« Iwilad till rvtwvr Itnia 
liwB ibo AoN<r «a>U of both iiiUe ; ihv (aU n ii ihtn cluad vtih Mliii*< 
mx, flrM i«rl t*l iliv tut^ ^ i* kept «t B ml br^i hy ■ tfi<ric-iufMi, b 
«nlrr If lirsir tlir iiir^ wfiirU Mtiirt toto (h« luW b* >t rwIa^ ibfl faml baof 
gnftudUv fii^'ixLi^J Ell tho oiiU<r 6n'\. frlitrcupiiit lliia *a4 i> alio *3tiM 
vith iif>4lift}t W41. Thi< ^jr whirh bv rnt^Mil Eh< fluk tDva |t^***«^ 
Ihir fin^W fart ft \U nxy^fSi ta iJa# apirb>Hi bhUIbha Te miUm h 
^boDKB »f ftif ('> Iftke p)ivi>, fW^h of thfl tabM It Ibtn bokAv4 Id rv^vaa 
M nno |iitiot, tlif tikilf^ flTi- ii|ioti4.*dt vul a\t Anwn om fh>Bi trmg t* liv* 
Hl eIia irnil ft 6. wrurli cmitOB frv»b nif t» cnbi^f llit Kiuik LbrouirH ibr titti* 
& tu ibi' nanpcT jwrt^ uf loiiaEiU, uf |ii»m of eiihI, mar I4 bfpl 
oiidlurr-i Inr N i^nvkii hi liol ininmar n7«lh«<t. Id rmitart mrh wtitr, 
•filulioh orEfUlifi. or (rnipi>-jnini, viLbniit idti^ntiAn of nppfamatt, lul«v 
mp\]. nr l>ol>«^ u>i]f willr rrogDnU. But h vwn «« utj piiMi<m af <iii)|F- 
hllAlftlr ti A'linill'^l, fir kf tti« »«k1 bs tiot |HJrr«ctly ««bbJ. HCnJw- 
lioa atfemieuuiiuii lakHj>Jv«io Sor I lEnjri, v»i(b * nlmjun qV t^tk. 
llif f^i]^ innv lf« i'rcvjfiii"'i1, bvfor* tlifi iic|i]iil Iwinii' L* HJitIi, bj lb* 
i^mictlrirntuin ^f lifn'Sun nf 1i(mii« mJn^il vith it. L'nii*. "it Iks <B^ 
trnry, fnp^o-iF'l In fe fftlr^t ^u* tuli^ kml Jmt?i| m wi(#r la ICNT, 
^^■■l1i (h« Mine >1dw d«i>mTWi^Eln Inio mr^bonBLo of ftqmiDni» u m 
Alt. but wJLbrtiit 1L11 V Ap|WUit)H of |>ulrTfifii«i] fnnriPiiUii-iii ||' 
«j.iiije itriJ lpk<T*ri>n cbininTpfWv whr^it lir.ilioil la Inu lii a rt^JfJ 
tu iiui^klv v whr>n the Hir hvinm hiti^im la lt> ^ iWpp^B^ 4 tfcv^ 
^J pr CAfm. <1. ?AJ; Jnhty^rr. lf4'-$, *7*), bt wpfntlnj ||i«» •»> 
ptfilnent*, oliMlm^J rlilfi-rnt n«»lu^ kM «me ti* tlif fvnduaiuii ibal «H 
ItlUTt^^iiiiOm ornBrr bo^ioi tulfor <ti?«jiii)i<-rllLu[Jt 4r«-b uii^U^t ibt* mflaiMa 
nf iirr ubirb hiL« lir«iL ('i|fii>ii^l la ■ ir*i IkiuIh aeiiL ibni tlia pbtbWSk 
in tbii pri-i-rJm:,- pipiriiniiiiiM, unj uiatvij fdUixJ^ hhJ 4ltfm4 bv (W 

\f ft vi»lr I'tl UkU l«> cAti^jtloTrlr tllnl vlib t frr»iTnr<hlf iiMriil. 
Ibfu l»urr^ ripUEid tt^lli blaiMpF. bcatnl \a bfiiiiuir »>*tr, and iiHBanad 
»llb iliv Ma-lili-r tbiHirwjini*, in H pcttnlvinif i^r fi^nnimtiiif liq^ «f tht 
mn* b>ii-l, Lli# f irip*-iii|f cffiwta uv frwIiiAf*! : Onpt^jnii* m tW lifc*! 
nimailL^I »ilh f--[rnv«inr i«>^ (bv* wid* hi * «UU (J fanN«l«lia«), 
n«i*lw nralUwd, tirvvtlhjr Ibbt ii •e^wn* hr ndoMnuM » ibii 
■ad bmUj « ilnUwmyiwwfbEnutroUft&HdbjliiiHbvlMli 



I 

I 



ub-^ 



rCHMtHTATION. 



107 



(tSd- ViN^u'/frHifflfrifiDn),— J\fn[i.t wif!i irnltir in llin liilm |iii!roflwa1inoal 
U ipicldT M IB thu DjHiu itir. Hm iimU^I "f Ji'ti'iEiiiarLHj; u il- utrinlljr 
«l<fri, nitil r>ri]iirLB i turliiLl, tjiitiiJlLiirj ;iiim^ h ntn^wi t^> rtrn'-liLrf, Ihi- 
rme^ more loiiO Utio b"ll«»l >*'l]iifl uf t^, fiftd, wliou MftmlnM hjr iho 
iAic^f«ojfi(r,«i.]LiL'jti Ui^rllrtr iufiiiuria nor rriimF', ^(-luEiun or ;;rluliD aIbo 
pOEroffn nnJiii' T]li<4iu fii'^niiinlitrii't** im liiii^'IlW a« lu ihir iLiri Irut (virtiUiil 
IflrlqdttT- U ijipuxrt ilii'ii ihnt «m>.i .-vnH jftitiiljp m»j W brmi^lit Tiil*i b 
■bit* nf puTrrfurtrfpp by tlii™nlri>il iintrpfjHf*c sii'uMnr^' whidi o?in puiiw 
ihrftUijjK In* bM<W; ttip prpBcnw nf iiifn*i»r[H ip onnt('r-»i>rTH I'd at tlio 
mM dorifii Do itrfjAuriEi ait' prij^Iui^ni difriEii; Llir j-trln^f^EK'li^Mi j in (hf ninft 
nf mut, «T| thu L-unlrury. irtu prr?cnco of f[iFiiu'iitntiuii-fiiii|;i it frmm- 
Ibl Thiii far IffilmhoItE,— ^■■'iwijr aiiSftrlt ihni ihe <iiitpr jHiTrrfyintf 
liqaTd nay hikTA lEti^rr^r prinrlnvlPiT W fDHlomiDflD inl^i tho blutMnr, %va 
rni^r^fffiint:- fntHic ^t7i:"ii\*i'AittoM, ii]T.ijiiiit ln'iii^tng TIj« mikLrnr fprij^iiifOly 
^fto^r) |jj l)iD luho liilo cho ijuln'r^ln^ p'tiTi?* JTiJiHEriutli ne tho ini<BC 

CWrTA^UrfQ rpmniht unnlt«?n>r1 vrlifin di^JHtlritii jn pun* vrat(«r; bat 
in thff uriap, in wliiih it fnisln h thrrMft)? of tnjomntB ^>lrtthn iflirrtlmr 
ffil.li iMinuft nnA other »v\ittnur^f*. if riinirg« with farl04i« ilr-|p™i« a( 
ii»|inl(Ij 1(1(4 larWnylotjf niiiiJiuuia : 

Th* dtfoampfitflinn rA if^oliiMtnT bif Llin prf<u>iim< nf mrtnin rab-itqitw^ 
nxd, nrnnrnrnjf I" .Tiii|ni'rnirl, (jV. ^nn t"*Mh, fhyi. 7. 1*^, »lio ■/ pr. 
CIWbi, ?tt. 1^81, tn ttio M'ovins ninunor : Healths unno. in i porrrnly 
dMn vn*tl, JpcuiiiT«iiB» vi*rv nLwIy fltcn nl S2' t'. anil ilirrinff "li^mi*; 
it tA not liJI tbi* nijifh [»» triiili ibyllml. u nnlHriimt [|ii[i]ililvfif mrhNn^vtr^nf 
Jimii>f tH rn id fmrmrvl in ii Ui <')T(T*yj"-™ irith m'iil": nn ihf fr^iifrrfnib -Iny it 
^TPt <ilf on (hpn*Nirl™i '■l*Jif"t''"nJpli'iri(ii>^irf,Oi^nfffl Ui v-ilmni? '''jp»*, 
f of wbii^Fi C4^rL«l(t of iLrliODio aoM. a i]uaii(lly vrbJi'b can only bmc lii«a 
p^u4fu<^4l| by ibo il4>ci]i]ipu>lrJciLi vT iilt iljn hifh iTiutAini'il iii rbn uriiiri. 
(It !■ bTfl UB'^in-Lniiib Out Lbn niinlun* fif imrtn itinj injTj>hiiMii nrhl 
r«U^f;i iri flirii voli[riij< nF mr^inriir nriil in .i/niitmh, i>.r>H ibii qnnnThy ^i 
•Jiit'J to tbo finrbiink ii''M bi^IiuiIIt flvnlvflii.) t'fino mTufnl with I per 
Cful- of brvr-j^cfLiI. ^ivct wJib url^a 4t'T vuIuiuqb of f^iii uu l]]t< fifLli Jay, 
■ml \2 vu!, uu l|tc itvcirtb- With -I Inji' ujm(, f>f lriM<r-yi'^>L J1 v^^** 
10-* rob «n llio fifiU «lny, opj iSfl ml, dei tins unv^mlb- Mixi.iJ wHb 
t'dwrWDtp nf fl"<'H H ^-ivrji rC-7 vol, uti th^ wmnJ A^ty, nxiA 10 vab 
OO iW tUriL MtixiJ tviib ;i tniiU] qtinniitv "f (nrb(jiiali> of uimonin, It 
ylcMt 3 vol fiirbonie aciH on lb? fonnL 'Tny fiftci Jrjupiluu uf l^nt 
r^rboniiLo of «raiiioiiift udiluih. n-itil 'jii tbe flftli 
][tri4w frcub unnc iniiFit wilb >■ prr 



ihti*b pi-ocppil* fi''m (bprs 
flay i^f ili?F4PiitTPii*itr<tri in t^miplth^ 

ipUtL'ly dnj^nmpoiiad urt ibo llimb I'cinn tilb-cIPLi in nrvrnrt^* n 



tom 



[loblin plivrv^ ]qurri> quirVly int^ iLmnii^niniii^] jpuErr^^Lion, Or cmply- 
Bg lJii-€ recft^plrtol'*, wu-biniT ih<"m ■uprrrtrinlly wlTbuul rpfnotlnj* ifio 
(T«pr>4rt on ihc'tt pi'IH nnil Ixitturo. tbou iTirroJurtM* trvth nrifio foF 
<»p|y 90 miJiulr^i, unil QtEtfriiik' ^C, ibii vrfnp ilodoinpowit coqifjlcfcly in 
t( b-inn; if it hv miirO imrnt'JijxtcTy nilcr fihra-tiMi *Uli ■nolEif^F pnrlirrn 
of fmh urinr^ lbi? inUrcn* bti'OftiUK voij lurliM on ilin nint ifjiy, j^ttp 
off fl viil. HirLHiiiif? tinifl k" m '^fl hunt*, mid 14 rixnitfytf ly li-rifH^ineil by 
Iho FciiFTb dtty. Tfio wbtU 4|r)404J| pr*fJij«'i'rl Ln i<ubbv roocptEh'le* Lf 
wipe dninj fennftiitaCiuB, cjiUtbiU v^ itcvng aDcnnjKmjn^ jKumj 



^ 



whan tfcillivL»{l nn n flitrr, drliiA bnlwAnD p4|>i>r, Ktt<| mixnl *JK& Mil 

youl ii i[uji.'k]y rr^irlviiil UUi> cnrbutiiu kkcul ttml ibiituiubiiu. Wbrs tnii 
•tihh ymvil hiiJ 9 miitilt cjuiiiLE-ily of "Hf^tF, jl iSoii' ik>i i|i<c*im|Hun lill ll 
nuifnr in iuimjili^Vily /rnii<-TiEj<H. With n n<rCaii> jinj^i^rluhn lH4irivn «^ 
an^ y4Ni»t. ft kluil of rquLllbrlym ii «iAbli<btd; wiih a fflrccr <|uui'ij 
■Qg*r, i^i< Ufv4 it prvK'i-'toJ frvna J«mii|Mit)tLon ; ami «ilb & »uii ^ 
ifuiujE'ijr ^r iratpti, iJiir iiii>4 ia iLn'iiii]|jwtd wiiL jfTUltr at \vtm isiiidiij,! 

lUidiirtlmjf ^» Ihr l^lli^Hi uf y<«<l |jrL'H.niL. A jftvun qiikTiliI^ wf J*— ■!< 
itDc'[<]ii|i4'i*3< oiiLy ■ Ji'fjmtK ipiiuililj i>f nnai; c^uivl iiunnliLm ft 
t4]il wndir JnJXt^ wU^i dilTprvnl fjuantitiui r>f ut«x iilwii^ ji^W 
l^ino uitotiDl ui' link lu a ti^rvM Umi^ Yunai air i>ot wuIjaI Ut 

JMlJ*llluLJUTl "f UU'lL. A tultltlfd of K^IHt lll\xV*\ Wirll Un«t |J|4H|4| 

•vIbh mnl Mul|iliiil" (if i]Mii;Ekr*i4, mi^\\ Tik4 TwD« DllarvJ, ncaUd u] 
iKha b()iiii»|2 jmini f'>r Lhlf nn lioiir, and ltif<n tfipned la ft nnvnt af 
pnviQBalir |i4unLi thrDtii:h nnliihtiria tcld. ^ialihiJ. kftn A ilBpt ft ^pttft* 

VVn«' IJiniJ wanM have ;i;ivDn umlcr Bimkla; ciiiiiiniEUin«» if oipMnl 
|g tItB air iu iu unlina^y lUtc Y 

djojbpfd lUftw. In lloikl<-d on ml^r m a \m*iti. njid Dorvjvil Bldi 

' lnvs1"l bcJI jnr, ll aniivtrU iho rity^-a itf tliA air into ft iH«rly f^oil; 

ToluiAOpf nrooikip noi'lgUi ioiparti mlrje KidCu tbQ vitlor m Uw 

of ft fw diivh ftuU likvwijtf iiitnLe uf ■muiuuih if lEur ijr 1w not m 

f^HibM. in tlilv fw, bjilmcKQ It ftl«a cmlvwl- If ibe cuwdnof b* wWtj 

aovfffwl up wiUi rlay, it likwiH ivWrlM ot^jc*]! iibmifliwllj; igfrtva of] 

ouhnnic itp\A, 1»dI no hyJnkjro". t'imui iii tcnixinLtBhn bj ll'-~IA'^ **^J. 

•«qnirvi Ant a puDEfint uantontuftt md nfirrwanltm tnufiy (moU. ftltb**] 

Laftni4 tiQifl dlnifftlimn^ coD^iJAmbl^ Id anantJiyH u>il hctjuf; Miiwrt«d| 

*lBia b dry, litrht. pDmai. Llnok mui, vhicl^ b«rf a itiuai: n^iiiUuafti 

IftiJ pfat) lUtd dr«.jra ti>r^ ^Inwlj'. No nhrir. me'iA ■■ funuiJ ia tlift nla«i 

«iirnuiirliii£ Ui^ bottum of thftj^r (Tbiuir & KinUf, X^M/.V, £»C.> 



r. !■ Tiaona furntpniaiioQ^ tl^e nitr^it^nciu mutter pf ili« ^^mA iakfC 

■lylrn TKtiTnr U.- LUh iJ^K <uui« tL« ■u>,ij lu rvotvo iucif mlo c«#>: 
llearirl nnii a^duhijlr (lf>:itDLiu»,) Tliia ia bi ^ttK n nmiiu lo 1^ * ' 
jL lu ctpLikv it 
S. ILie iiilruj>eiioua bodr, ftv canl'ift wjlh (hu orwn U tk« ■Ift 
. id«r)f<<f> h <l]«iii(« "f oompixtlknn , tbn ctjailibTJiini of U« ■tWHtii 
ioraaft wbicL lirlJ iIj |«rL".Orv tufcllior it tbernby dittivbcJ ^ 99 
cvmnwbda ftf* foriDTi!^ kml Elm b*nly undpiv«i pro^nHlvft mmfat-^ 
UMtiuu^ vhidi, n«» lb*i lKp c'^niLibnun flf tha fuRCi U 6mvj^ 
ita, 4V4P if fiinbn WT« nf ur ba pmvbi«il. lbs ftlbminn afj 
■sgvsreiii Ml UiB •inciit of tb« •!«i«ij prv4ut*« ft miI ^ cq ■■ tWl 
ipoaad ftlom of tbe nUroffnnu bndj, wbjcb motioct ii tiu ' 
a OH QDttpcHftd fttom to tho neii; ud in 1^ m— ftui lW< 



IMTatO<<< 



109 



po^Uion fir fiirmfintatinii tn prvpivotcd lhn>Dfihoiit tUo ipIjoIq of iho 

<oni'--* In c«uiuot ^ilIj motiioi' iEilHtJincLi» "ucli u lUK^r, wliidi vuiiM uoi 
furlncut b^ ith'lft EIid ULutJim by ^'hirb Ihn KlaitKiiilar^ ktiMiif of lliti fijnntt 

nniiJiiiif tJ>i^ i>1'-iii'>iJlAry uImiiia cmlivini-J in t\\i^ roTopound aroma of tKfi 
IhftT lo M^imrc UE*<r frirnLj^riirriil* llijiJ uuIci rulu itcw ciriiil»iLiuELuii>^ aa<t 

ptuJild*, (Ijbbix,) 

Tliin RicMlfi nf citplnnBlIfJEi in tikoiiiiifi nnmti4F4u*U>rv, Ai1irnt1inj[ ftit 
h in>niiif*ril ihul tlm ntypm luing* (ho Tiilrogpnoui DJLtffir loro a floW of 
pro/roA^ho iJrr^nntjKiiiLtTon. Aitd lljeri;l>y ciu«ci « mutiuit of the olcnii^ntfiry 
Mtoia* wliirh rurm tLu «iuijHmiiJ uTuin nf lli.'il jli1iii|4]]<:ii, t\\\] »** uiuliiil 
■iippuiD l]>»t tilt* nViniic ntirti^tn i'iIpihU Imyond llii> ipti^i^^ of thn ntnni 
of lliK furmniit iiila llmt *i( ju tiinubbnciriD^ iiloin of mgtvf. V'tt. Ilin ontiiin 
nf cKia iinniiif mitfinn i« Ihp tcnifpncy of the f Irmcuuirr 'itomi <4Dtuini:cl 
Id tn Plom uf iho rprmonl, I'r nuiw nvi'mif I/Knniel<f^ la uew iiruputliont; 
Ultra lj at> ttQta auiu;iiuij Lu iiiilqmi lIeqi^i lu iiiuvn niiL uF (Iiuir pnliuni. 
Uut IIV0U »upput||]^ iliHl tbi^ iiiotiUEa uF lliit uliimimUry nluin,* ill tb» 
firriii(>Rl iliiPiilil ^d BU fur u li> cniiaa r>tic nf Thorn tn tiiipinjrii upab ^t 
cNimi^tilnff ii£4>iii dF thfi nn^r-'iEoui » iind oir^i'iLvoat to puth Jl oDl nf iLa 

£10*. «uc[i impiuit wouhl prulibb^j cauw a cbauH of place, ani mwaly 
Ou lodtvlilual clrQiuuUry uluiu of t]iD lu^ir wliirU wu aLrLii^k, bat ib 
|lw vuiiijvtoatl ■.loui AM u wbuln. IF, iirdDcJn vie ktippoi-i) tbut iIm' niuulL*- 
hiAl irii[rtif L n£ unc 4tuEn upon ■uctilier id cu]r,i|]]fl dI iLlliini)g tbci «ttktv oF 
cumbitintinn m ihf- i.ui^r'fttcin, it iannt ri^jco'V tc^q^rt irhj^ (ha igjUtittEi 
of Aii;^r-iTiiC^r wiiJt iiinil tu arjiLlI dbot^ hy wfik^i loiDV of Ute f1k<nipnlnry 
fll'iOLi I'f iJii- n^^ui^c i>]ii'>l rkii'tiTe a PTi'ongFr iiupulao itinri ullii'n. nbouJd 
uol uliu prijiltirc ii ili^i-uuipiuitiirn iif t\ia iugt\.r. ^^L'jtb(^^ if lE ciuy fu 
Ditili^r-Emiil "^hy aihr.r ctian^D* wbn^li Ijifctj plncn iti i^t ruj^itr injlulitju,^ 
♦«ii wh*n thi'T lire nrriniP|Hinipd, as in ibe cih of the fpriiii*tir^ wlthcTnlii- 
tlon i>f J^M|^^. ^., ihr Tii?[MfU of Jiniild oajbfKrhitti^n of F-iignr and ^^rbnn^tis 
of poLiuh, or tliu tfotution of imr in a ingq^-^ifiirn^n iirls^i] witli at^id — 
do n"t prudotn dem]ti]<ohUiun oF TliD Niijfnr';— ^wbv it ia oiify a MiirE>oiiliiF 
kind oF niAlEur in 4 jn.'flulEJvr jE(it& oF di-'compcniOuE;, wbJcL. ty ito iiiEifiuu 
of ilf atoniK. run iupliirii FnrmriitHtiLPiij why thui juitjutiuii^*^, ul Iu viuinufl 
■tBgn of ikfocMT'O'iiliont hriii|;ii ihn tim!\^t T"ri> LouiW liifri'mil eljLtvj of 
ftmiciDUlioii; uiid «by — iiiO''p. niviiriiui; to Lipbi^. ihfi pit.LMbl" |icjriinofif 
Ihe J«B[. hImi^I] kjlsi pL^urltLitv tbc bliuM^T, i> tbf iiion? fli:lk«t |>o{-lir>n — il 
■ugi&r->4duiioq frrpEkniliid fnnii lija ypit*l '>y » lUdil*ir. li fuiLodn u in tlio 
f i^wriionjiEf of Milanhnrliiib sud Hi-liiibcki, nijt to caEir luLo fuitiLoiiUtiiPii, 
^ Ltirpj'iit^ Ik StnivD {./, Tfr, (?A«>q, 41, V.'^j), in rnpentni^ lEolinlifpIli^v 
trponiripmfl, voniciiiiifi oWrvwI n "bght c»<di(lion ipf i-nii in thn eugnt- 
tvlLLtion Id tbo tube, no lonj; u Tht <iiitcr loIutLon vnt m the fmnrntin^ 
•InEc; iibh*«juMut!\' ubcj fbiiy Fiiuad ^uuf-Fells la Lliu Focuior hIuI^oD^ in 
•cvnml olW fipfirEmmiK iMmrvin'* ih'n iiFT-n't wq# not ubaflrvdd. ^ 

Mnrrnvi-r, lh<i ntiu-rinuitirA (.f J^bwiniEi & H>'tiuho)lit (p, lOfl) vliicli 
■Im* thJlC Ahr whicb EtiH bern prcvioiixly pitadi-d ihruir^h n- ml-liot lidm, 
*Bd It ihflnb^ fftdJ fffliii llip ^fcniit of niirroBwpip orennnim, dncn not 
Siului'D ftruiiiDUitidi] OF p LI tri! Fact loll In DUrogonout buJlor. tbrtiwi iprMt 
Mil4 UR tbit fitmbuiEutiUil jifippoiiEtLoii Elmt {mvk'io bWu !■ tulDuiuut to 
ring thv nitroff^nniiri mAtli^r into tbij Alrtlo <il formpbt, ^ Jlnl ud tbii 




no 



DECOMroBmOSi CF OitGA>»lC COMPOUVM. 



roni iKn« nf lIoliiiWu foujflji, p. JOUl. ^ 

pltnli 4rii) ■iiiiunh; >.i>ct u'Ikih thiaa gen^M (rnJ a AttJi>j1 foil, mvb v 
.olfcn>l ly vrLtrriiLf uilri>^iiii(jiia ImJiv, ihty ^t^v\i.-ii ibfiUKli* 
prixIufiMjr fmiui jlihI i[tfijiiiHjK vliJi:|j than, m n nunucr aul t«l £i 
.IBiliLfr tliu fffTTiirniJiEj'on «r lUj^nr. &o. In linout frrTiu-JiCtlioii, Uil 

IT in^riituiiiE (y. J, Ptiarm. ]<, 944 »nr1 ^8) «1m> QiftlDUllM 
fitnticnlnlJipn in ail it* ffirtim drpfinda t>ii liw d0*<r]DpBi«l of 

form ■>it lull I lb liilci |h[juii< nfi»?r Ihi' ruriix^p, uIh'Ii a lu^tJu'ir af^U 
iJ »U(;ar iiml ]0 i^rrn yi-jM wifJi 9011 >.'uti- ™ul- imtof i^i llit.- leifi| 
tif ul'OUL !U , E« JufL in it-tlF fuf Hiiip tiaie, ^Efr iliv EFnnb-UioD cJ 4t| 
vlticjiiA fjtmipiiLitii-^ii fwhii^li j> oojij^ilctvl m xlavui :f <Lijr>'>' Bwr'; 
Eoii«^i n-idi A Utrlo wuLcr hud left to iUcM m t ^mfL irpuI j<lvfl, 
ItniTnl to ■?<iijtikt<i ;:vnh4 vt ^'vitv^ii tfrmtitri an-\ I'^f^if-Umm y^< 
wliud iliL- liqulil wua lilicii.'ii, ihi li^itViT v£ Hhtmi! rviub»ji(il vu Ub 
and bnjiurlil n MiAntivu -ii ■uffiir Lni^ Ukv »l>lc uF ^juuua fenarl 
In! tbn ULlnr Ihiiili: lalrpLtitT^ hrriiJE. nu Ebrnu^li iba lihpr, 
,fllLmi4 IthxifhL iii4j£iir-*iklor i'tln LLo tu-Le i»f Ijimm uud IrniHi 
jtpefti iPt'J fprmciiULrUD ■fi>pi-Lh)i i/n llir d4ta<Ji>|iuiUTrt of fViinruVb 
'i'b« 4ii>DTrnJun S iAitOffiaii\tM tabtumvi* trt(» Jul {t. d^. of ua«iii ia 
<jm<fKLnilLcui uf KtHiuflrcjjC Dbwtt, And i/I HhTin unJoF tJTEiiUr • 
tbuiwbi), whirb FtL^nJoniJ dijuifipiiAbiw ty ibti t^iin /4^'f vt 
Ptrm^t'tfUuM ijitumatntlnn g/tt/fi**')^ m jiiVPLlibi^^i by Pfn vi'fih—y/ji 
Or 7*"rtfu/,t i-irtdia; uid ^n tuityric a<?id rurmeitUlloil, uihI miriDV li»' 
ULi-iiUiEluii {Lbo cuDVcnk'U ufuraA iulu uutoiiblj* vf ^fuaiuuU}. l^vtim 

.(Lt|lltuJj ItU (IkU i[uVii[i»pllL|i|ll 4pf Prni^tfiilfVi ^/flUAlA, (UliibJfUl-) ^ 

Brvr-r-wil, wbinli i« iirpj^fffj bv ii:hv,inn. Tari'iii. ^nA <4b«n. «- 
^cniiil ul /unjfit <to« not i<«bcm Uid fuuiprhtaloa tJ Lro« ''>'i^>i Wl ^^ 
^biieiu— IL ]iat QDTflr vert liucu *f«iHl1«t m wbal uhluuiv Uiih bi 
jVDpJo iirntnivtiiH olTiu^L Ifiu ilucumjHuirt'iuii jJ FanumUltlf vululuiMa, 
(b« pfiHiyirLt rir fnriiiuikliilMkU nqU pmtofEkffLJitn llm tivrnnmU W 
livlnff bfl^n^ (0 nbiob Lh« fi«riii4QUlil? *ijb^Un<o vfru u food I Of' 
,lh«iD uij:uijiti]it tmiif^im ihtf oriijinU fsnanUbl* ivbiunM iatf 
,|nnip<j»ik|i I priwIuL^r* uf fMiiii-uUiiub) by uu ■ildraiJ «BUffUou bf 
vim (i>rrv1-<-If ^iiiuui fi-riiMnilaiidu nurv « f«ia«|aAa« of lb« 
|>?rfrdt <itfrfb>jjimmE nf fu]iL'J^^«a wa sigbl. |Br]i^^ Hppoat U bt 
IttK ID tb« rcrni«iit4liaD of bwr tJi<l iHr>r— brcT-Trofll aa^ bU tQ|'~ 

^wolvf iiiUi « aUL* of ferTiipnUlioik^ jowiiiuch u di4 
rCOBtUA* i)i> uJtn^CIUJUa mibLIrr vliiDL uui wrvu » fiH)d 14 
r;<viDjHiuni[ ib« J**'S tiHl mi the cualmf^ dinn Funp li^^yar 

vJiroUi runi>^l4Uin Ly Aonljuil irili obOH* tit ul m'»i; J-mUk, t b fc^b 
Lbjj I*** Ml fiii^^il boaiu «ru donInMd Mr [b'w> -4 l1i« vWo* 

^M in tbiT ppr{i«fit^uD of b«r. «r ihc li<rLunii[*iiv(i ul ^m fn Ja'n*.' 
. tbifiuttd'l* vf nmr. ii*) LLriitjrm ma liD ibrlvuUtl in p^ulnf juy «fc 

. LlootL vniiv^ of bifVf ^r ^"^Jf "^'^ '^'* E>u^ liKif a|i]-aanm iB 
^AtiduUtii bv >:oik4 OB tor «ouio Ilidv; boacv ibny wuwi bo lie a 



TKBMTlNTATTriTC. 



Ill 



of lbs pQlnHutUu, tut OTtf [iiDtiily davi-^iipa^] from (;eriit> ciitlLiifi \n tlio 

i« tfiiDLl]|LlElii:y Unm :t"'i»liirnlri ihr rf(*(ioirpiwitinn, hciTiii-n tlirv ^"'■1 "in'a 
tlia archiiiir nmlUMiiii! onnrnrl rl l>y ihvir tJu) vt'iim mlo n.r1ir>if i<r uriil. 
Ac, Whun lh*y hn'c l^jne ci<nvijmoil nlL lliu LuHniflTii, linrV "Iifl, BncI 
«arro ni fo'nl fvr iDrnwuija *il ulJjut ip'di'ii, AU tlii? u\-iv inkc ploira 
wb^D itic AiF Jjju Mi'LHiMi Cu ttin |iul'i*fyriig huIikUliici!, LuL Ijuiiii4 whiuli 
yiilivty wilt uf i-uuLu^l vt n\t, uun'iluDtf ritr n(ftiii]*I<\ ih^vc'e uKhibii 
lnfuHriE^ wUinh jb fiifi wi^uM bn killvl by tljn luliiliut^itcLl hyilro)^!! 

3, SIT), tbat in ibp fn'iiL<<ii1nli'<ii "f rrMk, hIk'Q tWr lii]uii] u Infl In ilkolf 
(or p wbilo in vmm'ln firUuluiiti: mi ninl lutiml \'yT vf,iU UUMntg iwniflr, 
till fcrniPDlndur^ and fuririAlMJTi nf liirEto wi'\ ntii ciin>|>lFri-tv i^vlo^Uflii^il. 
B»l fl trnt^ uf vrifflnl'tn [t^'^''i <4IL W *](»tw^[n|- Ht^ rufiTTVix^T ulini^rvfv 
llmt in Ih" •iflJy of FfrmorLTalifin, Uli'nij^^n bsa h^on tno cicJu'iyl^Ijt 
dirtflfld V tht* vJUQHB fi^rnifiiLniiim, iiifi P-nnfliLtinnt oil iiif> jcm^t ^tno- 
ruJity Vnti> liwm linira frnm tin; jilK-itoinMifl. iihaorvyil \n lljal y"!**'!''" 

rMtj vlirnnfl) tho ^tfilhhiLiTuh of vifiuui fL-niitiiUtiuu <niiii\i mllkcv 
b* ^pluevU from ihv ttu-iy ot fDrmtntiiliQii iu the luirc gmioml 

C-Sc^mifitt {Ann. Pharm. (ij^ llj^^ » iibiu uf niimiim llint /knffi brfr 
iml thr* firimv mnvi^ eitlivr ia iirih4>iii (p, JflR) i»r Jn flmnupi rnrinin- 
t&rion. \\c llnJ« thkt ihc dent IlllrmU ciLrainv*i L»y 1lirflivkri|£ jilniitiulp 
bmlcn «!> wiih iiiaE<!r <iu b vcU»i SUor* auoa bi^lu^* uri'ii fiEitl irrtja'^iugai' 
fbLu tb4< ftT'innEitiiiit iiUi-to; Mini Iq tbft lAtEart:uB» Lbu f^niiiiEiiiitiuu may 
!.*» in fipll jiTiiT, attli-nitrh in* inum <if imnt-mlln (• 'llw^iuiibjo Ipy lliu 
mJriTvtfxtpo, thcn^ i'i*]J* iiriL ap]>''nrHi|j ti\i altntwardw. if Um 4trvlin,riiiii 
Ti^iilH »"* Itfl U lt"olt (nr n wrok of fe fcrlTHfM niWf the c<k»ni|iLc<1inii nf 
U» fcrfn^Diiag prun», tLe u:ruap« of cpIIi 4jatittiiaa to ffn^ In U, tlioiijrh 
uu iPLitrnAvntrDU Ukrt pljirr; iIju hni-'i. if wiuliDil (uir| Un^'n iiiln"tu«d 
inla a ft*(«h jirptiiU'»ii 'if jrriifnt--(ijr'»^, (frow iP it ^iirnnkiiffy, Ijut uxi-U" 
bur ri>nbli-kml Tmnx^-nT fr-rnifMalinn, |F tmy; hniion iC ii|i)PEkP>i tSiht ihr 
tfrawttiaf L(i««e pfnnit n bm a •opi>iiilftrT pbmumtunn m rcrmonlftlinn. 
The Loii af ftcijviiy in liruimid vnLni ilof>cni]i» n&i apop di« -ivfLnwilvn 
«f Cti4i fiiun, liut niL Lti* cbunrtHiiil «tihii^-i« |ir4hr!Lirjyl by thir mr Juriiii^ Lhfl 

Iniiiif 1 ri'|<jiiHiJ in bntiti Ifcn y^iiiflt nitniphiMy; Ow iwtiMd yuiut- 

<>.ll* (-.,1,1, rl -ii,^ir ir,[n Wltd iiPiJ, wilb imrraty nuy uvMiilliTi ni gii^— 

y- 1 li 1- nU. '.f Mj jiiion ihul I'Idouh] fornientatltrD *i. litf* fl(WlttcAt(oa, 

ft J '<-- fij wljii'li biic or ijiufv wiufi^UHJii. E^iipible <jJ apljUtiif. at tbtt 

HTV iir iiiiil cpf llii^ir frjniijiEiikii, into iiLoitliolii' ilimI (NirbiniJv eivi'I, fit* 
uviIuhJ imai onir i^r iIjii <»iwLiLiii:filit uf tha yi'iirl Eup-ifmr %vjtb (Tio 
eltnnpiiu i^f iLic cnpf^Dj^ir, — -jimL ■>! uMlphoviiiic qrid 4n fcniK^ti in ibu 
pTfCu* of ottionnuLKin, H 

TbbC forriivnliktitjn ilhJ paTi>rifi»tk>ii <!■> o(*t uctmilly 'lep^}*] nfon tb« 
VriiuiL irf iivtiLg Lfin^'*. ufJiKur* iiLno fniiii i}ia ^^ftv^aCiou uf ll-^Iinb^lUl 
nwnlnaiitt] on piufu [Lm.^vjc,, rltiit frrvli mi^rtt upumEi-'J fr^Pin piKKTyitijj 
niP*t by a bluiJar, tbrcriyb whirli lie jiij; or^iN'mn ciMni;t pit'-i, iirvi-r< 
thelfu puie* intfl ihn kIjiIji t^f piLlr<<fjkrLLoD ; thn juirmi c^tifjIuiii^Ei Jn 
liLoivi0O4[|ppi>Fl«dby thfflf ruikil 'urif^nrotpi^nnKMitn wiib riillli (|i- lOHJ, 
It EiJimt [licrierurv bu fLiliiiitk^iL, tbat, liUhau^li liuu^ lnti(E;>. i']ity ka 
in^lMTLikiLL pfetf in Viinu f •.■ration liHtony. tliu V]D'>iUj f^r ournhpF^", ui4i] !n 
«lb*n ptnrt n markcnl inllutqcn oii lb« cQnriC uitJ jtfUiLuuLii of tJio 
dnojnpattLivitt etiU dtpj oanuot bit rci^r'kil lU (IiQ CJiti*f of Eliu fvrmiui- 




nS 



DECOwroafTio?* ot oiifi*xif: rfi«pf«i\i>3> 



IfttJDTi ; ia fiv4, »P ila tiftt im ynl |i'WMi any pvrfvtlj' ilirfactiwy t&Hf 
of t1ii"rt prnrnmiM. 



I*n*frvatim i^fOr^niff SvtiTancm. 

Wood eontl«f f>ricic!j|tt11y vt V'jximo or wovd^ Atra; bat In !>■ 
tliBra ■■ Jgpijalltyl iiiiukEiPr tubaliLEiiv intulvbtir in viil«r &fiJ Itmm Jhi 
la pulnfy. viiu. tlm t-ncru^tity mnfirr tjf the in^/^ T}|l^ mIU likwiMj 
40Dlaio ^« rlrip'l np nf lb« tri>iiU, ooniifliiic diitllj' t'f 'Ofir. ^m. h4i 
l«1buoiib4U« DiMlor. Wood follfd «i ui^ tioiv b«lmn ih* «iid cif «ijniiHr] 
<tnil l]i0 V^iiirijiijf wf Bpriiii,' iklm' CL>cil«mB tIapoL, JevtiiirJ ;■> mpl^J 
mp vhiab Pi>a> Jrum lliii nnl* in ipiriii^ 4flli bourJAbmHil Tor l£* I 
Imvh ip Elif^ iarm at fUjfiiT. 1'ltrao hiIoUtiou. BUrcb, funi, 
j'^fraqiwDtlr )iIiil> cnhb^ii)^ jind mofQ t«p«iilJj tbo «llpuitiiii<pu> nil 
I |Bii IDID tUo aUto fif |iuLroUiJtinn, hrinK lIip vrtimlir Rlfm biiJ LiLrnulIaf 
'ihaucr inTo the mine tUiiQi (kml fafouf tbtf cro"*^ *'^ Wffi» «a hcLm 
•frvrn^ for fimil tn thu wufxl-wurin, Moh-wr vv'i>d pure womIj 
iur^i u Uiitm* pJipiTr Ac, !■ liablv to pulrpfv. thou^li Ei>a4.'L !«■■ Ihitt' 
in iu nj-UiTsL htni*, AnunLinK In [touqLuria, i4k-bu>J r^iritkciMi 
4 In U jf: iS'ni. "i iiintUtr nilulilfi lU iviitifr. t^EiHit^lmii in»k^Jii 
kivj^l ikiiPfiL wu.li "«tcr 1*1" hal' It ypv^r, lipxinikn niniiliJjr lavl di 
ViinvfiJp-rsM^v 'II Hi?i|f|it; tL« tftme wiivictut, avIk-u ■^VAkinl, <lo 
nioulJr. mil und^rifLH H^nrcfLy n&y lUuirnaiiub lu volshb (BolKlMci«L) 
Tltr pii'ji^ri'k.iiou af vr'Kril infuclftl Id Lm M|ioi»d la Kt Kid vibv ii 
r*c(Bl, MiniirLniii^K hy i^nt'ivjiiff tlm fiHtpumtjililo •uhBUiinw AiDlubfd m 
KiJiMi|iii>i«i IkV bjiiijifin^ |1i(X(U.i Aiih«ijiMr«* mln n ]m« fiarnHQljiltlt 
lly iiy rnrrtm nf KiUfi^ut^ whiph h^i^wtAn ihiI a* fi'tjinni (m tbt 
Ift^l, »r>inrLiiii» l>v iuiprDtfTiAliitL; und OMUag tbe woud wltb 



)r1y> Inc* Inioudtil for iTttp buTli^lntr "?rv fvllrl tu vbtei 

*nd* df lb* linmrhn rut ofT. niitt tlie in^fTi ialti-n^ Iti li« vltli Uie ~ 

ill iliP fnllnwm^' iKiiimi-r, 4l wliirh |iimi ib^v |>tit f^rlL liiidi ««d I|b«m;* 
iij liicrviliV cnnnknW tbu m.]^ ci^filLriiK! trihin tbem- LaFUrlj, i< fa«t 
^rij [Ld [jMClhcr tc Ml chit xti-r* m vprjnif, nhd n^rk tbra wb «ub A* 
b]» in iljflfti, III C4jPh-i4iiriJ« of Ebp«, irood Vtotl for «tLip-lnildlBf d>MJ> 
murh nioffl i^DiATy ii^wlbap fiifnioily [C*rry, Jt^mjt. Pv}^ J, M^TIO,^ 
Ell ir>^liii|i£ ilir trw» by HdUL^Iii-rir'! |irwvH *«J, »/ J, llir Ap ininlil b 
korr foijipLTUlr rf>iiio<r*d liy muiiiii^ punt v^tat t<i nw m ifa* i^rm- 
'ADoUiri moLWl H lo 4le«p iT/r «on*^ b* >a»n v il i« (rUml. eu 11^ I m 
In ft rouiiina tlmiii— *hd k«-]' il rlipr^ fnr mmv mi-nlliB nr ■ jmt. 

Ikfl KAp I'j thjt pTooM H merely ■u]>crfi?y. Tbo mi«d imy >Ih I* 



VRMEXTA-nCff. 



118 



■"' 



ABolnvl in ■ bitXp nnd oipo«ai| to vfliwur of »»l*r aaJor wm^irliiil 
uicnuad prvunrch (SiroioUar, iJin^/^ t'oift. J^ ua^ lurJ,) 

DimitnitintL t^thf tfudrnfy to Palr^octinit. 

Bt Deputing thp wlkicI tab jdrnn^hi^ti f-^., Ihv vpiknl nR'fB tFpilEnj^ 
BnofBAI hiilf'<'liurrcd — 'Dj^ "aLimiiii);; ilio vihjH wilb untivijilir li'ftiidt; 
ty,, eowiim il wiilj <>-/ -y nirtwf, TliH tii|ulii pLftM rLc wnin-l cit? ^nai^y, 
f«ma » c«ni|Hiiiit^ wttji ii, rtrnl nnreiila 11k itMiMbidontr of orvj>;«4j;4iuioiis 
pUnt'i. (J, '-J^ifii. fiM. ID, OtiS )-~tiiitantiiiu uf rlic wrti>[ witL Ai/iirout 
toiitiiOtiM <^ tut/j. ('vm.man tulf : pTfilw^Ui tlni whI fivuti Futii;!. liut in 
tn^htA^ tiUt hy r»m- (/'oV' '^- ■'. **"i *") 1^**^ -''' *^''] clio,-iJg of 
CWfnin, Of III* ntnEhct-lKiuor nf imiiiy nJi'iprin's,'- iMnCLiqiii^ (liJit Hil^ 
■tAitcf , Makiu tlji« if'hrpil Tftry j^i^iib^c, pri>t-?rlin il 1p<<iii iIi'* ^v. \'^ rrttaiuin^ 

> liiartirm of \\ts wtifcr^ uiil lIicfuIp^ mmiidifmMv lin «l<iu^ iti f^Jii' 

biialihtUljr \ tab lo fifutfot it from j>uEr4.'fiu.'tirjEt, u ifitt'I^'riLMj iiiwility u£ 
«ni>|« uciftte of irvo matt li« tdJod. (Bi^ucliDm',)— <-I^vj'<, Lk** clt^^iieut u 
ft imftft^tiunF'^ni putturncltaii lliqii ihn ulLiof tlk^hfluvir niE^tuU, {ruijft-J. 
Sl,SNti.)^-CfWF( niiniK *>T it* niiJilmr 1"jil»I I'ifiti-oln llm wlki-I from <lry 
rutt but i« ill nl^knr nvJ■|1l^[4 mil vcy vllici^k^f. m prpsrmtmjf nutmriuilitiii, 
(Chapnwi; Strutikk ./. nr 6"A™t. 3. I8^i )— fVvi/^ Jifl*rtf^«/ /cniv-rt /^tipW 
an^', obu^ntd hj dlAKlving ltuii t.^^T\^\i)^». iiiiitTiy knlIi^i, Ac , in pyroUf- 
snubdiJ. T|id4Dti|>utr»ciint fxjwnri* |pa.tlty due I^ llic Ur contuInoLi jd 
tLJ< lifiuIJ, (Pr(4lit),TkiKiUiirin.| — ULutitnitt- V*mj^ olUi^ioiil imiLMiitUry 
hfi milt pulPi'fiuitioJi.— /V(jf^i>'rA^r'i'(ir /.( I'npiirr. Vary I'llim^EiL (i-iJ. 1*^^), 
Ctrrtmpf tvfittwif/. Very cltLrlrnU VirnT rn(ir>iriiin»iifrd Ijv Kvjh IJ'ui^f, 
J. 45, 4SC; J0< Mf>i *8f IJ^et, wLpncu iho (tTgr&lion of liir. w.iol wtih 
■olctli^iL u/curr<jii'u kLiMijiiiiLa i* i^eUIdJ K//,rnaui;f. Aooonlliijf to Kynn, 
Ihft b»t «tKMj>-(li of flulutitrb Ife I |il- iif ■utrlimiiLa iu tiU of WLlor. Tli« 
*kw[iDnt i>ii iliu fituEtm niilwny, wliict utii iT*hi[h.iI in n auliiliLin vf I p^ 
4«rciHiirfl 'ubUniAtv in ;A ptrU w^ti^r, hnvn miiukinoil in ciealli^iit pro< 
HrvHtion for 7 yetrt Wood or Witl'in tU-^ififd in toluiioa of cornpiarva 
■abhniftlo dum iiul trivo u^r b tnv^ of morciiry whon iminorwd lU n*ti>r. 
km yifldi il lo (bilrit* ucii^, ^fivt Immk; wiikliiHl kiIIi wnlfr, it l(«*pr i^mbB 
U Willi BA haliit^: H^rifD corrHMivu virliiiiiiati' rinna M\ iiiA^iliiblQ iiifill' 
jHkLiud wiifi wuudv fibre. Kv>f^i'<:d WDi>d n^miiiii* imnlEfrod hii a ifiuuM- 
jiii for i yin*, whfifML* (fiat wliiffh hiH nnl linnn kjrunin"! bcoomoi 
ibornnfUy PioaMr In 9y«VL Thn diflarrciCB (rfilira«tk tbn v^irpurvJ itTift 
u]>pinj«ivil viivd il llliDwJBC MOD whoii ih'^y^ Am ^fluwl uudur » gtiU«r. 
Kyuntfcd HiifVi rvuiftiot unafljonid far l1if?« month* m a dninjt oillari 
oolt^aiLind aiHon ■imilurly crrcmuaUuicvd fulli trj [livf^rj* wlimi iinniLJud. 
Tlio istlinulfl eombmntiDEi of tUn eorroaive aitbiiuiik wilb lb* loilnro (fclim 
pravflnL* it frum vtmTioniLiit^T nnd tbstoby vxurtiug k puitonvu* aiLLoP, 
(t^arvilaj, fpT/jJ. ./. ''*K 2;i0,) Tlipro 1» bnw^rcr n dftimuf of jiolsonoiw 
~«*t» 10 fil*o^iLig lhi> wood, mill cUwi in ii* <nl>-n(jii(*nl iim ■■ furl, (OmO 
^ tiUvpin^ tbu wuud •tin.'HiivDiy Ell dilli<tvi( /"^"im/-, u^irA •Itompvat 
4iM *J/nr. anJ ^ttU an *ntf}lii(iit tali£iiJHt iriAti.^ fi^i ihf cM$- tint. 
ghwit Mi,U\a\. ibfpcru'[i< iH'**Ut- of Jimti. \ly tbiii trenlioir'hl, Fyiwuiii.mnd 
parbiipfe p f[-irwjirdii f-rxipnoiidn <jf jmiti !■ fisod in iti* ^O'^l, wliiln Ibn 
•cviic Q{|]il iJf irD"ltft>) fiiiE or rvnpnniln-- TbiK pru^iw is tid Ui yifid 
food iH^olt*. — Kim proluoliIcriJo of foPpir, nfmrwuid" c^ibondU of iod» 
«r Diilk of lima, Iht: laUM dfiu not Wvoirr jwnrlriiitf w-itb ri'ruU'y, 
/Wv^ /. 72. -If;;.)— li ini^kt ho dkFuI »1m to ciy ^nru nr blun viLriLtl. 
tutftbiD a flidiitian bf ijk&liiiit iiLSbkU {nJpbto glui^ ILI> 3Tl)^ Tiio 

¥0U. Til I 



t 



114 



DflCOxrotTTKm or onaANie compounds. 



finJ' 



itood would Iw llHirult^ |T?»ctt«lDil whb ■ iii«ik11Ie tllrntr. loJ potnM 

to » i^irutu vxlMEiti.— Or: Uluv vrtn^'L, ihvu oMotIlIo nf nldum, lLt« 
•oIuIhIp j;lMft Bj thii itwH'jii dvini'rii wi-uld I'c iJ'"iH»ilr^l u trail u 
•ilioflU of tfflpper; i,1jio ftltcKlii animf*. if thvuiiu-mir^ufiuLiiUlf-glaHtfan ^ 
limf .— Fini> flii of Tilrinl. thpab Hnlulicin nf mill in ik'|UA>ut |4l*«h. ■ 
C^vtin^ vr ■ftluWin;; l\it- nix>J witli ff'jfinou or I'Mif AfA*Me^ H 
Vlii^fa k«ep DUl ur ftDiE ^ator l(ji]iubtULl rutihLntin nf «nl-bu«c wutl -S 
v(tL« Uttvr ii □OlVHt'OU M tJiu lunnpr); ur n k>I niton of mBiiAc* hh* 
«il of urpoutin*, InUi qiI, omny uttigr fii(. {i'"ifl^ J- 4» 4M; 7T. IBA; 
^ 9t«i M, M3.)— &Ltamtiiiu villi ■ fixnl c.al, kuuh m Itun oil, vMh b 
ilulLon o/litharjT* A IJimood oil; vii^ a nrluimn uf ]iitcb. *uTp1iar, aei 
vmi ioirMn oil, *«, {Pftyt. J. HT, l-W:H», ^Ifc* 

Gmnli buonliof I'iHy4 rj/fn^'V. 9 Ikiire llurk, I itirti wi'li-, and tiiu 
litajt worn ni4.camlhl ta ■ Mlotian uf ] pt. of eitbar of Ito fiJlAvlu 4 
k ?:A ]>iU'Iji iji vAVtTi l'r\eat\my\ auloLn^iCfi wv pnducad VO^ in 
BlDm-A'LiitioEi, A ptttlionff (hivrliriimlii^ut tnlDtlixTiB^.MilropCflilAdl 
bo4lc-i witU wHUir, 4Fiirrt u[, n jiartum of ihr^ mil tn tbn vmldTi bul 
buiJtit 4hnT4ni;,4 vi'^Mi^ an uh («)iiUinin|f hliiiinni nnd oim of th* 
Wvr moUtJlio t^iirlix Tho loiked bofenU, tngv^ih^r vitfa ohx whith bad 
I'lmt mo H tFi?iiiio<l) wrro bnrioii In ihe n^l1^IL tiii^lcr tlk« nonhrrn eat^i 
^ftlimiBU. AflLTlfiu yonnUielrinudavxIiltriUiiLJLi' MEi>»|n^ 
Wnnd, in lin iyvdiiiiity nUila. not lUiii^ih bfuwhish. lolXO-i >%, 
tlgniT lila I.' — -t. Wilh iiil[^Lm,lv of amugaiiuHt; lik« 1.— 4. With 
■^Jiioildo of tkqr liko I,— ,V With hiUAl4 if iwl: nm«irUl 
0, Willi Uu« vtirli^h ]c** hj-ownlih, mIU."-?^ Cgrtoiito fuUiautt; 
tuddUb ihiLU Irtvwuitb vutLvWi aiuI atilL taoet loliit than 4. — I 
■itunUHl niili iljcw Miluli'Mii, ih^u pludii i» h Iuf^'u Ji*Ii, mjJ Imnfld 
fiHi^ii-rrjiiiild, vriii^li wjLB tjLuitUjd IP a. ■unnv pJK«» Kid often 
trmnn^^t, duhpi^vrcd powi^nttdy. flvan irbnii aUnilod wilb eni 
tnkliiLinE-^, 

Whnn iliV4lrtjiH '>r linon wptV fltcrprnl in rMhr^r fllniiif ■nladuni^ 
Id Ihp i^r^lfn-irir'iild iit iLid) u m^iiiiHT tLitt ilii? Piiil of ibo atfip ptojwwl 
dtt. vf\ ollicrrwiai- Iti^ai^i u al<rvu (vt nifiu iiiiiiit1i>h iIid follaviiif v0iMi _ 
Wfit* pn>diiM<l ; Llhvn ■□ iU unUimry ttdU : ibe w||f>]A dio.pp4md tfA 
Ikru Iha pFOJevliiijf ond, wbii;L ^w brDwcii*ii irhil4^ bqt ■till louflt ; * li'«™ 
li^liC bfDim, bfitUa mmdunt* of Ibfl pdrlion trhirlj 1iA<1 hora rArm^l *^ 
Hrlh, «i<iJ ni]Eu>ni] Ut ii. — 2, Wlilt tiilj-bMc of miDt^iwr ! hko 
9. Willi «iLlp]iiiU nf Mtitf, tils« I. ciA<nito^ ilikl «iDewW nor* of ll 
bu^frl ]>iiitii>ii roruuooiJ ill b bruwn, triiJe tialo,*^, Wkb prolovUar 
td tiD: D-'DA ijf ihs leriii hid lU^f pciit«i| , bci 11 wu for Ul« «H|| 

lilia ^,—7- niqo Vitriol; ft|iiiD»i niiitllamJ. wblut nnd u>ii^ s ibv ~ 
|Hn iJoiin fnui uimnHliBt Irrown Mid brilllp,— J4, |'iul«ihiurido of ' 
■MnplKiiplv prwrrnl, trhtrt^^ with n itn£« of ^i^d (* ftnU 
fl»n»D «r lbf<ropi>pFV pcFftctlv (oQiUb An<l *<jli4L-^, Cunvaiv*. 
tko ]ow» i«zl Lad diHpj^uvd; llie upper imrtioB ■MVbiUi, toifl^: 
«i4i»p|i]Urly prnvTifcU, lLu iiejJiIIu, lpT<pwtii«b vtd bTilLlou^—IO OvfW 
Ilka I.^Tbu iu|>i<[toF phuui'TiriA; |kivi<f „I T.bn rnfiimt-mii* ■!»*« dM 
of itHComntu hablinmLu mny jn-riiitja l»c due lo tho gi^i«4tt atlql 
of 1^ fotni*r. wjiJi-L t^nnbfi^A Lbc<in to Ijo u*ed ia a iHm 
mJuiUjd. (Gm,J 

At aU r«ooU. tlioio diperiuKala ibuw iJiftt tlin fWt*^ pi««nntn 
ftfwm U nvrlTil bj <*jm>irTn luUimalia^ bla* vilrhrl, ma4 thliljll 
Mfptr. TkcL'ufh price iiDLJifXKqirvl/poiMaoDipnfWRlavori 
1 



numtai 



bkbtiiuEn KHiW it bi^kl^ [Invirn^iU ihtiC ffijinrimnntii jilictilil \-d ideuIa (Hi 
Ihii likrifp rntlt*, wil.h tHr vinn'nf In^tin^ rJir urArriKy nf ntir nf lln^ri' 4ii>ji]4ir< 
mlu m pluft of camxi^a duliinitto Tur Bipcjtjoi' the itcoj>?rg vf rnjlwajn^ 



k 



Mtthul It/ intrtmtinff Wimd uritA A/mhovf-mmtvinrtl F-iYni'lH. 



3. GoiaUnutd immrrtt/m tiffhe hwhI in dettrnj^ied wifh the ii^uid.*^ 

e liquid docB not Jllfuflu IxmsM t^a\U,ta\\y-, lilt [irof«ntcUl>ylhcciidiHd 

uif Tiujii iiL*iii*U9.tiEi^ (hiT y/fnA . ii-ii-I iiurLiriEiJi uf Ibn wuiiJ »« lofL uiilia- 

S. ihtw^ri"'! pi-ofnL — A Irca u (tripped b lOQimcr oi • pflrtii>n uf 
Jt4 liEiiiL'Lo«, lumvbff uiilyl|i4 LvrruiiJttl biMij^^liH, ■ IjuIo ItbunJ WiaduTaIIt 
lliruij^b Eliv iBfuni utiovu ||iv Htl, ami ilto tn'i^ huwil liintu^li ri^^it uiul Ji^ft 
fivjni (Itii LdId, Wving uiiJy .\ imrUon iiii in^h ihicb tu <vu^l] *liIu i^ihEpm. 

miind with n l-iiTPii pV-jh, ami llip AMrEuro iiamoiliftlqly o(>nin>*'lftl vr\ih 
« <ovH'] I'l-utnlNiu^ llio h<|iJiJ. HiLpi<t ■Wir|iUmi H>mi IaKl^ ]iTiii^ (in 
lur;^.^ irec* U> Till.' kill uiiiiL tpf 2U0 pf ntiiU litronf; iho liriuid nwt ■|Liii.'1i]y ia 
ikti Dijiiii (ill ifc |N*|ihir It rudc ;^U inctn^B in * HajnJ, <Invirig Uto imp W^tn.- 
it m(a iha iwign urni loivfv^ nnd fnving tlw wood frani all iiLbiitaEm* 
wbii^li wnuM ^iiT it k iiiiLiluiipy tn pittriilj; «ii4 Id 10 ihyt iiaii'tiAiaw ilm 
ritoni lUntv^liuiit. ^XPf^ntiikK Iho iiLapnnont purti wLif^lj bu kirmly luiC a 

froat pnrl of ito viialky. lloi^otiiT^p chkclly itncf orudc uaUio «f ma 
I uU uf Alirt^li ]ii Llio <lry •l»Lu millivcn fur iO y^rlit ot vmJ), wriiulijuof 
Vitn Uia hiIJIlLoti i;iF ijlilurirln uf ukimii, Ew^Huae tls fvfmot wbuii mwd 
•Ifina BiAlcr'i llin wuod ri<ry Juuvl iviiil diHiruU in w^ark. |Cuppvr-«i1bi ur 
damMiTw miblirimti*, wljinli KounLii-rif nliitJ rM.rrt Ijid^lyiDwI, vraiiM i><iirt i, 
^iM gmter imlipoplii? »i^ln^Ji,] K fipTr«pjftftjiii> of jnlaMHim ho I'lu-io in 
tte in ibe ■tcm afier iht Efdii-mU, tl>e wuod nci|uini n blUQ^oluDT; and 
olhtT cdoiiri mji^ ba |iruJLu:e>l by limnor iiLCftD^ VrgvtitblD \ii{n\tU 
^mtftnUi^trnM iKiMi}y, pEilnUy tiEii^auMi [Emi itnitEi af <rrtfiLiilc ci^mpDUiidji 
miTi IftHfof. (RnurJinnn, Ana. Chim- rh^n. 74( M.'Ii jlW J. jif. Cfitm. 

Truiivorw tloopon Tt r(k]LiF[L^i, formed of oak, bpci>1i. nbltc bpoclif 
UevIj, alJEr. wJlb tlio he> la tlLDiii^ ^cn iBtumldd by tLli protvt*. oitbdt 
wicL LI III] t itrii'E. or ivitb ii iiLiituti) of cvrrodvu nubJiuiAtir iiud i-uniiiiuEi 
All, Of wjib Cfihnirt iIk raldutn fiffrtlurniif (u muluni uf diTuriiliT of 
tflkli'iiim pvDlI trtwh nrutntf of jmnV niiil Inifk^rt in ihn j^uiii] far thnKi 
jHjv. won fi>iii"l In bo i^Dit* unAli^rrd, or cvin liiJ-rilpr iKnii aX Brit; 
vbtlD jSnillm btciHfivn iu tb4 unprcpurcd tn^iv luJlorcd hi ttic Avmo iJmv * 
fOnpjdvriLbfu dugruu uf putrufuDtigii, aud ^uru kvfUiucU ua ihn aaifufl. 

J, ^Tinjif'i jirnfD,- — Tlio iiicdAi nt it'ttfi urn I'licln^iiil in ft tnftnl 
tiiiydft Ahd ■iLrriiun'Jvd irilh (hf fi'jQiil, wliinh in fi>rfird inlu [tii- viioj 
bv miMki't of ibk* ^.k-piiiiLp i>r *•( *li'ani, lbi> air d]H(]^!iij;>id from iho 
nv'id bi*jni^- nulfrnvl Ut UH.ytpo ffoni iSc iipTH?r ynji of ibf lyliminf bjr 
ft bfcly vnl'A Bj tbia Iri.iitTiienl tho qvoil liciTomM i3iiinptoLi>1j piMiu- 
tralrid W tUn lirjuid, iixnipririjr tha knod niid r»*lTioiJ« I'fiFts. WochI 
ALimlod in U1I4 inp.tinoT wilb liiiMrod nil kt-cip rrMiiarkuljlj' v/v]i; but wiiUD 
HlunT^d ^v^lh p>rf4n vIIfIqI, it in brittle, and iiift wqU aituptvd far Ofo. 
iTrDin tbi! Ucp4>ri> uf lUa Sod^ dTDcoaraprinont, M4i). Pvomib* tn tfa« 



lh.> 



>& 



lid nBCOHPOCTTIOS OV O^KTilC cowpousua- 

Pnnrrpitiicn 0/ Vfj/tTjihift. 

1. BMnjf. 

a. Drriiu:, 

4. Afrtiming Li> Br^fULinul- (Jaii, CAim. Phyi. tit, iTu; nJw} y, Hbia. 

m^it I3» -tfV ] ^vi ^ r''^ <^^™- > ^ ^9) A nufk prntirUd vilk a iU« 

\m threc-fourcli* filled w^iMi nnn*!. I'^tUM. mHivp, rhionryntrfl if pitamd). 

Br BupviifTtti , o-uiL JL pl«c« of ■ m^ 4tHrcil III «(i)pftiir to-i ikitarbc-il lo t^ 

VoJ of 4 wjci' !■ aut on (!» mia ^iiLrmiui^ud iLirpuitli IJji' d^xir, the a<A' 

tuiuiruvriiih of lln' vt>^i*l]i^j[on by tlio fK]liii|; du^u of t1u> I'umt maUrt iMJnf 

prov«Db^fl by IkvLn^ii. lh>ii.rEl itputi rliom; lh<^ d^or ■■ tlivn dIohJ, bmI tha 

vuk uilAtod tik irrnknttn Tim ^li^orj^hnii nf L^m* ■uEj'hunmi uid, Tbv- 

■ulpliunugu twicer morcpf-rfnnnrd in the nm? m^niirr^ ^iid lift v^^OMm^ 

||of«4bot with lIio Eii^uid wlihoki luk* ULiiud fruiu iLdm. ah j^ut inie lioo*- 

nVmi* jui^ wliJiili km ilu-'fL (itml^ TkhI rriiTid WiLli jwrvlfnirnt kiiJ pul iiAd 

[P CsIIh, VontiibKia ihutr LnioUHl kiNp wuEl tdl Elm Ajiril vf iHv ^i1a«ia| 

Nvu. Th«j do nut iLuwfiiror totU-o *<> ijuii^k^y in wiii«r u frttt 

■T«gEQl«li1«i, »ikil mi*t ihoK^Dcyi 4 1>«f:»rLt Iritilint,', Im Houtd in sold trtAiiT far 

i«Ofnv Loun (iMptn^s in April for ^t hnnrA). DutitiE tb* V-Miiiofi 

Vliifh gon^^rftlly dnm n'^t Iqit Um^r tliftu vlth frT4K vcnIaUv*. iba^ 

nlphiiruut a«i't If gtvoD utf, TLu ludliuj Id b|i|ilioabb only lo 

nfotublH, ^v||iDlJ cuaily aatUfa in IwiLug. 

H^X* imiDtmAd trSiln fr«>li in mxik of lim(i« will kt*p in tl |ii« ^ian,^ 
dDutptloM hi>nitiHn iho fArbrhnAtA of l«nw fnroiod U/ Oio fftrboftift Mil 
evolved fmrii ibk* <^j{>;» fN'roplxi'^ly iUipt up Uie |>OF«t of ihp ■boll. ChLi 
puTliiij/ iti>wu 11 fuerivty iii Xha DCighbi^uvliutHf uf Z^'Mu Ma^ior^, 1 
w«FT fotiu'l >|utIv fn^^hn Bfluf iiA^iii^ Wdi) turroutidnJ tjlb mnrlAr 
•iNjloMd in * wdJL fvr ^00 yean. (J. Vfivrm. 7, «M.) 



/"rw^pofuw 'if Jffoi inlmdni fir mnrumptifm. 

1, /'TVi^i'nj? fm/Hmfvrr,— In Cuudi^ aUlt vboti* dait ii Mlfl 
br vinlnr «iinfiijii>ntirii], nm fllmigUlarpd u mon a^ \hit (taai •*!« bo. 
Ibo DU*I t' lifipt in ihn froMMi rIjiIi*. 

S. iJVy^nji. — Tlie vpllkniiwn nrw™* ndnpto^l in Konlh AnHrifK 

* 9, Appff't't pr\3etK (p, lOD). — riccip4 trt mont EiLdwih k**p ft* m 
**■!■ vlion immHrpAd In *a]Ubui1c4 wator foraml vitb 0U. <3*anv,) 

DW&t, mid ll]« vrvrd wi*!! iduMuI; th4^ liypiintinri unjil ihii< fnnnoil %i 
lb« dihC bnvwa. fOirf^pin, J, dti-at^'m^ii. n. Al.^; Ltj^AioL^ y«IA' 
mU, ^am> I, flSA Thii prwrtaiivv pA«a of allric o&Ut ih ■■•! 
■dHvrViftJ W rri«(ley^ Cf>rr< aHr^ OAi. tut d^. tirndt t/ mir, t, |t^) 
LAfl«r PiwlTvy, HildvbmiidL (p. lU^). tud Unruunol 4^. dW hM 7, 
[TOS)k ihownl Ui«l DElric njtiJD fft* uuJ kiB^ur oS bypvnilne vfjd |iti4tiiL 
dWM f™ri putfrfAftmn. 

^. CA^^rj'.^^Mr^i irSioh b4i Wa^ipoaaJtothtTapovflof 
ti |baw> vdJ k««p for any lon^ Ih of crni& (npMvni)t>C>--ll«d^ iJimd lif^ 

• frv nii]4t«4 in iwriuoi villi rblurLiio gii*. ond thm huapt op IM ll« dr« , 
vjTI Lhp tut 111 ini>iilli4; tiidy It bvoniMi perfKtlj dfj. ntlfd 



FERMENT AT tOTf. 



n? 



itumeiwtl \b oltlor1tifi-«Ktpr, Ints {[■ tun! imll ud tuiiune* thn ftfpM^ 
UiTC uf fmli TuuHl. {Huimund, h^, Phnrm. i, 4Z1t.} 

e, rii^lclitig wilh ComamiAtU Abd JVi^; BamollliLOfl villi Cbo bidi> 
(ion of jHPiinitnil Jiu^ar, 

JBgijJur flftln of %n fli juil killoj Uy ilia poln^m^ lur openifU ; lU two 
nti^iiiilE« uf tbn JD^uJo-T •Dili ind Lb« ufp]>ar t-nd «f tbo varqliiE artnry 
Vfl liwL i*rLvr tb^ Uimh] bu rrnjtfht En |]i>*, mill tht- Wupi mil nf iho 
Cftrplid nrErr_v f^hnnnRtf^l \>y iikniiiiii of n flt^nh^i- tuFio wiih n vyrknj^c, bv 
RHMLTti* nf M'h'^li jl flrthiMitn rf 3 UngrnTnuifi nf plilorJdfj of itliiinliiiim in 
10 Irilofr^mntiNi <if vnlor Is rirpjilly lE^tcto^I, till \ht •a^rririiJ vaim 
kppH.F fullv ■Iiit«'ndf4|. Lo^tlyp tba Unibla tul>p i* bikflu Inl^niiu ibn 
Gpgvn And |iraivwl fruni kIpuvd JuwitwunK ui nritnr In rnrcii^ iii uiurn 
liquid; Ihn a»nftid Hrkry i" 1J4iif; rbi- ayrinun nimnvnl ; tlm nkiJi of ibp 
uninuU Htripjind nfT nflor VD minitfj-A; Ihi^ rintmH* Tnk'tn *>\\t\ mut lh<t 
OAfvnav *nt bji, Thp Hiffprpnt p*r(« cr tln^boil/«ljlMl ibc mnrvJ ftpjiciiF- 
AiL<v«, cmpttiic lIihL i1i« Inn^i Ji-f^Ai uf ■ jmlrr vulour lLaei iiau&L 
Huai ttiui prcpAfoJ ivtil Lvop la llii- Hj^, uruviduif t1t» bu kv]iL ofT. fijr I 
Wcukt ill winlci'p Bud lu riiliiiLiof, iii ii ^rKpI urry iiEei^iJh tot It *i'v\i.v. If 
miuirvil In Ixr kojit Ifni^rp it lUTKt b^" AwoAb^Ml triEk % ixntXnta ft miunl 

r.rl* fyf a ihnbitk'fi of titrnmiin *nU of 10" Hm,, iMjil ih* iib<JV" »<ilLiiJnci nf 
pi, i^bltjridfi of HlEiinJiinn^ in 5 wnlt^r, tu rpiimvo cnn^ulHlcd blnnd and 
murnnt itiaEETn; rbm pirt»?'-it dovn JiirH> dukd, l(U Uio fueltii nrf <jiiila 
full, ftijoTbrr |iitKif'0 4'f Iko ntiiLLirp nf i?r»mn>on «aU utd obluTJ-li- of 
nlitniloif m pmivvd Id; tiirl (Ik* oiwkr ■cf'urrly olor^. Pli>ib lkii» irualH 
kf^GTi WCTI fat « qiinrtcr (J u ^uur^ Ot lliu uiriit, uJlt^r liaviii^ bi^n 
vDiiliud *ritb tbrt mixTuro of (ommou aalt tnJ e|j1oTid<i of Hluininuin. it 
drind i^illipr in ■ L:urrmi uf hat nil, or hj Mnukln^, Uful nftjinTiirdA kr|>t 
In cu^kii ulnod tir-UjfbL Rvf^ire iwo, it m rinu?*rnt^l fur 24 Imijm tn 
trnlrr or mIi nnd vnlcr, {liarLftal, liettn uriimrt/, A, 1X3; ulifilr^ Comj4, 

kcflticucid and 4mipyrvumi1.Jc olta ui'l :«ainjH whkk i^iort mi Militnitniii- 
«ant b^tinn, nrn'^n^ tkctiitqba[[iniTflH,or?D«i>[ii npiir-BM t'> pUjr Tltxpi-inripnl 
T4rl A ninbiliir n^TiU l.^ pri-dnnnd \tj ■mrui'muj; Ik" mmt m an riii|urii)Hit 
IDfliitcll of prxiDdHf^rjArruHtli. flflj, <ir*n diliiU' pfpnufjlc-vuliif, whrh»hy 
1l ■fqujK^ rbr u»Lo tdJ ■iudEI of onoutc. hnT If > IaiJh rrinmminj^' 
Aprhflolfl Id bLicdil nmr (bf^ mfiU, in mininicr, kuit & evvor put ov«r btilh\ 
ikii mtfut will konp in Om mlriiiMi|ikDra of erucffcuLu four dayi lu(i>,-vr Lhun 
iiadc*r ordjnarir 'iFKEtiniliuir^iv, nmi yiit will u<it tuwtn irf nrDu*^iUi nftur 
hoilinn (8l«nLiioJio» Wtntj^om PhU- ^/x-.. I, IW,) Monjfp, M<*im(rkiT, Jinil 
Hfnx* ncommcnd pyrutinutiju* iwidinii^i, iiftorimnie[»lnn in ibi* liquid, 
drlci in tbv uir uiLliout puiivf^Lng, but {< not t«j7 |inlacabto. 



t 



J*™*rr<i(iOfl ^Corpifi nad AnatamKal Frtpararifmi- 



jlfUfW 5u/>f£iirfti« dFiff, Ant racninni«nd«d bj Jt l^ftrj, i* T#rj ^A- 
CtCtw; it doEa hoi dfjilrov tJic muatulai Abni» Hut in tb^ nnurH cf flfo 
mooUu^ fl>nvprb< ibp cvllular twip Jk»d iciidoun InLn a tntni<finrpn| J&lly. 
^rU of Ibombiinal b»ily kfc^ Icnffnr tbau 4 tif^-i. if injrrMkniSed wiib 
tuw wbiub i» linjiifk^iinErd wtib vnlpkuruui iLcid. (T|alUu<b, hA /'^nm. 
Li^ -lAt^,} Oi-blui/4l ■ta4P, uj^iLUrd vriLh di la tvbjcb 'ul^ur bds beva 




OBCOMi'oaiTioN 0? uRautic cairKtt^cDs. 



hiuv uuftUDnd for nt l«uit faiir vr vIul (PiAlvl.ihkUid./lkinib 

Cormtfi^ Khiflh an (o b* kiipC f^tr fulurc fe^l Iniull|f«|iA«. «^ b« ' 

^w/yjA'jC' of *odii; noMnihiE to Qminpil (J. c^c«i nul* ll«MTj ft;lb 
|#u]uLii>n 1^1' t \h. tfl iLLtrt\ 3 ll>. m^mnofi i«lt, ni>i) j lb- kTiim In 40 IL 
l^iLMr-— ^Kvr ililltiiuIb Ke ho k«fil fiT vLutUD^ <.>Ar]<i«1 [X o^'fl*. «>A^ Mk 
iba) Dm mlpbnlD of iitdiEiJoa UlUr<l irUli Uk t^utuiu Joctii;[iOD of Smd 
^voAiAi^^klacujlnBj' IcDupn muUomiOkl prvpftnljuna to ft •i>]uliun uf UiVt 
bill hIuih. 

SijEii|,iaiiH of wnmnn rtJt, hHr^ IiIiiiii, nr ■iil^ahutfl of tiiiA «£ii>rd btlj 

la a tolullun *A ferric mly^haw, ai focfiiamondctl hy |1ncoiui(it( 
LicuiLccutorvJ alLIi ft yollu« cFUit of Wia ferric «il|iLalt. wlikb 
it 'trETii-'uU Up ntcipffnjair ^loui ; tbo liquid u( tliu hliuu liiuo trtVDVBii 
loriMiil. rn>m f»niinLiu(i of furriiup hlIU Cornwvo jmlilimaTti 

bii'bluridD uf til) Ju UO tr^icfp Aoidnlat^il with n im^l ^ujmtity of k^ro* 
clilurii: n.'^^il. In tliii ■i>tallipii. UiodilfL-nm jmu of iIm uhdi^I kolj 

jturrci thuir |rUDij]EA.r rouklttvow ■Jiil Ai|hi4.'F, oi«0|iliiig il^l fchd m 
'iflfltfa (neiimiw kiiDnwlmL bruhfiioli, EtuL |>nr|riLmliubt rTn^iiinii^ ^vs<^[ 

-HMX-X tntX bo iitiin^i'jfcJ fur u wLiIl- ~m W4|j:r ib-idnklfid vith 1iyJriQ<4Iorit^ 
ferhl, I0 diui^lvg «ut lliit Eiln'-tqili itIjU'Ei trnqM prndprtatp tkv oirtl« 
tin* MiiH^iikr floth wlikh lirm Hrtrih kr|il In i1>d tiiHAuLntJoa 4te» 

{idLn^Cy »u 4iubvr»jiii7nt cK|>'j«iirv l'> tJiv \if, but giwtUAllj driot 
i'ftiilflieb), 

Ali»b>[ninl i>FV|>bFiiliuriii kiiJ corpvoi frtnl fruPi thu vidVrm« if ■■ 
laUd tn v voniwulntc'l buIuEioil "f cormivtr rsliLigiBle, xnA tb«D 
lo 111* ilr, Jr/ up lu lUL uu^llunibLii raa^^ m wbLrb iHg uiiut:ii^«f 
AluMt V bard V wanJ, {Ckiu-eirM-Tiiii norkjfi q( coriuuw «*1i 
'u^wuili ii|i'jo itrt biroiiii^ nbi-ioir>jJ nkmfifiimJ* h'il.b Uliriii ftiid 
Cliiwuiiflip.H-I'Vrrifi -ol|»liniv iii»y |>vibup 4Te frtm HlftfBctiiA .. 
flOfMM % cltiiri c<jr|>i«, I'ljt Di>i ■ ub'^lc tKxty. An kleoboJie tolutM I 
vorK«r4 BubliowU ftlToFUi cumploU ]jrurdi:tii>p- (ToicltuDpB, J. 
f»u'J, A, jlJ;)— Ad. Blfblit^] tirlulrHJti of F(irr->H-ivi]fiu1i]iiH*Li< Itm DiKk 

5rv>vrvin|[ |iDiit*r ihoii tlm mjunipur ■.nlutioq, Ihn^hv i| pfiMnUft 
orqi* ftail vpiJpniLip iuuieJi mijrv rrrulLly, Whfo (he 4-iii?oiu hdil 
UuiEd, il u nBBEi»r/ Id n^« Dgmffi.i[|4 jorj^idnj id tLu •Lid. la 
Eba InliHliDiLt CUkI ud tbo ihorn^li? auJ jJ^ddmiukJ rmtlllcA wil4i 
Mttmtd iutaLJQD. tfxA 10 Ukv out lLv brjLJu. olik'b will bol limi 
uDHoiL liQb «iily in lli« al«i>|]ulic hilutiuii. 0\illntui, 7. tkim 

a, *4-) 

To pr*i*fvt cArpHf fur tBt«Q] ytrnxw^ Tna^LioA iDJ«U into 1^ 
,.SI 1^ of ftlcohol, unmjfh whioh it ibffuHd ft niKlurt of I tb. 
MhJ hJLb li at- rDd-loftd of doiift^ftr m k aUla of ininuu ifnbiH.- 
,Cot|i— ■ ikui Uf^fod Di4y £1*0 off kfiriiiiLTTtud bytLroB>a. (Hi 

utfiUuuB Mill wkLb I JOO ^mcbiuH iJ waUr, ud idJmI Uik wlftlkB ni 



QECWipnsiTIOKS DT CEtLORnTK. 



U9 



Jnrcr, by miMinx (if n r^niinMi <ncitift-#^Tififrv, vtiilidi lU^ald not ho 
pm4^, intit ilkc ntflid -jr crtifaJ Kitciy, ituJ if Eha ec^r|>H» i» l4> bi> Lcfpt 
■■ ioDji u |Ki»iiUfa, t^ ib|iLiuL lliiB ufjimMiiii titii^n nmrii in ihn r<iuFi« tjf a 
fi'W Lfturt. TliD i-orjriu ihuH ti-mLuJ wiih iiri<ri]ii>ii« imiH ffmfJituH)' Jriiw 
up, kqJ, im iiu pulrcrjpii^iiit] l^k^i* itrv4«, nf> n-nir^niunrtoil ^iT^lritjcnii mn Im 
fvrpKhJ; thi' brvin u|ip<qrii i\oiw manti *i\fr llio Idmo uf kcwnvJ wookit 
Thi« injrclinQ likodx Aorrcn for iinaCvniJi^ftL piG[iaraLjuiu. Lfio i^iuhIh 
TMUkiDiDjj vt * ivm nA floiour: bujici jluiI liganKitttv ilfo \\.\f» pn^viiiui 
IWdi ihia ■Ilifcuk* uI itiHPOU hy rliy^hiii liimn iiilu wnnn Dnui^iuun iwiil, 

OMititiw fitr pin^HilmiEig oarpiiH. (MainJj. •/, (kirn. nUd. 2\, ti4-A uil 

CdrfWM fiwiJ fn»i] tho viM«ra mny be pirpA.'rttil for ■ nLi1v I; 
illiinc villi HliTkilp nf limi^i or ipFiakliiix ^'^h i^ ^ulotion uf rroveolo 
wOed'Tlnc^rLr. (Lnmlcrar. ii'irfirK. S3, tud.) 

In plUJ^e «f (b*) tiiipit cuiuTiiDiily uKu! fop pni^rrin;; BUfetnm'if^J pro- 
ntioD^ Bvbileo tCtympt- nniL V'j, 67-} ukm a miiturf^ *d 1 ftt, woorl' 
^ftilt ■Bi) t watufp OiuqEifp {J, cAin. Wi', 3i>, A.'l) i\iv Ii^iiimI n1iLJUJt(«I 
^ i4iflUI:jBC % mUtDr* ol ckjujiJ j^iru of bntrvily oUtirail 1mm cruiii 
fitkh bwidTl *ni1 oil ii Uiy\^nli^ns 
J*cob*nfi {ffitmli Mn'j^ l^'M. Jnii. 49) TWimtiiii-Qila foF oimtoiojMl 
nUani % ■ulmloQ of I |>t. cliTouiittc of ]>ututli }ii £Alt ptA wiier. 
It94li iiunivTHfl iv (rDai-4i] bcroniai ruuDiibyJiko una ujuiitoniUa- 
Uvkiinii". E^iiN^^. Mil. 'iml Siirff. J, ftr>. tlH. Sl^t 

Taniu'in hkfiHiMi pmti^rtn flivli fruni putrcrffu^tittn, (J, tlav^ ) 
It ii well knnirn t^iit roriKrM biiriiiil in mry wonii ilry nnb, dry np 
W nnnunlc* viihocit putrofyin^ 



Chbrind iifrom)ht«ci oi||iaio«onipouiii!t CDhtninini; hyilmfm Tib^t-Hy 
jli tLniPF; oltiiiit^ fuE ibbt et«ii»nL ]tBcU fr^r tLo moal pftrl erca bC 




I 



9. I( withdruvH hyJrojftiDfruiiiiniiay couipuufula rich iu Lliul ■IduiciU, 

eJnjE ui vrfirntinn of hftit wLiioh ivtDfliiiic* ra^-v (o Qifiy cdmbuvUoD. 

tfboD boinjar ■npAi-atc'l In t^« invin t^i lin«i]/ dlviilBd Miut; In HmHi 

) UiD «it['i"n •}{ W^i or of an vUvHUd tcnupomlnrfl !■ rcijmrvd ia 

JladoM tlio Acpy ilrcofnpoii^lUu. 

MftrtU-j^ Tiiiit^I wiUk MiWkiio at onLinvry tonponUnrutJihibila Aor* 
«i|>lo*i4>E] vi\A cUi^tcraiEioii of HKiI; tf a tu'jce niiantMy of arbuiifl oauI ib 
]ik*wiHaNf<iM<nl, nnd tbr a^ji^Ei ihcmby wcfelouiiJ, di-i^uinpUAiTiou liikcf 
plvD i|iik'lly Ijv «ii|jji[i1i]|ji'ii ^Oli'Daut t^u uniAHd wiLL rliEurluD, &■ 
iltfOomjsoM^iJ un lh« api'rurvli nf u h^'liFi^i U|icr. pnrduciuif % fvd llauio 
ilkrkviK^ t^y «iootiQ. — A ^'juilitv llums !■ pWitcr-l itM iiiEteJucin^ u m^x 
(a.par into cb^oijac l'U — UuliktlM i>f nhl'tVuLu ^c ^ivi4d tlirough nlcub^J, 
knBt it Hi 6rM. ind if ibo tfrnet bo pinrvl in ihi* miuthinv, nrnv ikbin pni- 
due* Hkit 4p|i>]ikliiin< knil r<>ni]iLLifii1 of ttwt. Kth^r i4{iFrr>:Liid hyohlnrino 
\n • ciwiUr inuinnr, - Oxida of ncodyl* bami in cliLtirmp gu cFou M 
DfdiufeFV Ivtijii4«r*]ijr«i', villi ilniJiuiUjcn of BOut. 

Ih fb hiuit futflj clilortnc ntihtmciii byiliii^it fn>m or^ak cumpQurLilii 




uo 



DI^CmiPOSITIOV 0¥ OttGANiC COUrOtliDft. 



I^vn of «iKft, became oLl the carbon remakiii in t1i« htlcnA 
T\ii* >l?np|iij''MlL4iiii i> Iikq^iBe kvuureJ hy tij^H bpJ twaL Tb* 
cEiLuno lunl furuinL in iUit rUh?LLuii niuy iLi^u ilt^ mi <Iid ir^dIc «MnHia4 

a. 1'h|i nruHiiir rjiinpaiiDcl lotfji til ita hydnwn^ «ttd h ntolrtd all 
fenikitihff r»riiir»rjjBnirr.npmniini]&'— F<>rniieftgril4C*U'0'»b3rl*b>ajc vp 
i« p^n»cr(pd loT-i iCO' Mill allCl. 

/I. Or «n]^& parL of Llie ti;ftlri>gon Li roruuv^il, ao<l Ibe «blarhu 
pot DDlor Jii1i» Iho urj^niD cnitipimiiil.— Hhfurino gaa pw 
ftlfohal (libtdd witU S puru fy( wilut. fam' notliiaff bui Ml4thjda 
LydrtmhlDric doid - 

CH*ot. roj - c'H'w * alia 

7. fJi' lilt D^MiiKor Hif itliamii or chU'rknr vlii^li ODtor liilu lb* M 
U Ihb llAU tlie immltpr .hf Mk^mi of liyJroitBa WLtb<lrk««.^ 
G'H'O^ Iv Lhi aL'tluJi oL 8Cl, !■ alLiuubaZv fDDnrlBil iol* 
C'HCl'O'iindMlCl, 

R, Or Ihf] itUtnia nf liydnngeii witliclmwn nn* rrptuml hj hi wiii 
number nf nuunn of rbloHuD fp Ti4), TKi> fitHfJirinf Mr vtJii^ 
.«UDiii1fi; M4r«th K«n, C'H\ j« dvnvrrleil by 0CI— pKirUeJ Aoj 
pDvllion Ert |invflDt«d~iiLtocUWHa<ifcjtrboa.C^rini44]ICL^-CU«ri^ 
.of l■■aIbyl,(^lI'CL » iioQv<-rLettbyehltirJDo» in lUuhiDAr fiM iiil4CWCP, 
thim JhU^ C'HCI'h M>d lw<Lly inlu CM^J^—KUivr. ClfO, v fwrnrtwlbr 
tliQ cnijlinupil hcitjun if DLIorifuf, Hrat inlu C^H^rlO^ ibon into CHPCPOk 
»n^ [Jrallv' mln CKII-O,— A«lnr itoid, t>H*lJ*, t* rotiwiffj im* <U«*- 
welioafk-l, C'llCm';l.iiTvriciirJ.I,C'li"0*,tlr-ihloC*K*Ct'0'.B/ii«mrfi 
Into (*ri'CKV, ri.r-n^iin* ,.^i,|, C'lI'Tf. l»ii/. eJaoFOiiilariuiri> mC 
C'H'CWV; ••liii^HUf,,. C'lVO*. fintl tri[.. C"1I'CJ0*. ik-n ialo C"HVPO', 
»i|4| iMllr inlfl Ci*H'<L-l*0* ; nilii-yl-.ii. nr-il. C*ll'<)». Ivta DhloiHoilinioM 
ftc^ia. C^H'CKl'i ■ilh'vlif iM-id, C-HH)', lata bMbpHtlkjIw mud, 

I. Or tha ^UAn* of liplroErti withdrawn i/n replBC^ by 11 
BUiiibor of alnnn of cU^nriiic. — OLollftnl in", C*ll* mined i»*rt VCt. 
.doDHi I0 u^ uti C*llt'l*; but by ibe fU-"i "{ m Ihriffr i>iJ4kiiUlTDf flilariia 
ik mabiac. M y truifomod 'tMu Cil' — 'I'o^iol, C"il*. vipH*4 tv tW 
evntiDaa] vtjoD irt ddoriflT, KidAt by liglii. it cunvtrfpfii inio C**H'CI' 

(=C'»H'C1MI'CI^> In nuM of tb«M ■»*•. k »■ |intUbU ih^ tbr ai^ 
tlitiLlJiMi ntjtity tiLlmt pWc in t^-lUJil nuinboi* of Atairwi, Unt (ImC iW 
ilvauUinjE ODin|>niinF| rpininii, in milLhtioTi, vKber itC). nf H ud CI !■ v^wl 
mffilnrf of nton^i (fp^ Tli 'nf). 

f Of fbloricifi nnpJy enUn llw «guiic cenpauiKl wtibaqi afiKim- 
liun <jf ty^riHblvriF Kid, t9 lUkt k a|ifi**» ■* Uiuuj^li ibr ntw iiiVilMiia 
WiT* ■MiipiT 4 i^udipuuitd of tbn unwind fiElmUhi'a virb (wi> ar nvHV 
atrtini nf cKlnriim - iKrIiaul ^rv. C<li', fonim wilb VH rhi* ml of olv^M 
,fw,r'H<CI'C=CH'Cl,HClJ— B«iii4jl,l"'HV".ibcn,fonrwsLLorolarfi, 
'JKI" t=C"H'CPjl'Cl'i,— V<i|.ht]*:in. C-i3Mtc.'ov«i*4 by ^ata■ 
"|■a'(=C'*JI■CT.II■C^. bin -ben lbr« Ibrti iJil |ii iiHi ■■ J 

9 Al. BUil lKi< (bird 3 Al r.f bvdcnc-^kiric UL-iilj m tint tlwip PMUitai* 
VAfklas m wbirblbe pubsliliLEiiPn li»t luLon plicvia tafed annMrdoa, «Il, 
C*UC1; C"U>C^ g-U-CK Htooit, c«K«. thD«io»«ffHt it |-n>dtc*l ij 



7>BCO«?0flTI0Sa BT ClILOBIXZ, 



in 



%t9 nal funiknl 'liroL'l1>r by lli*? niibhiMAt4i>ii uf Ih^ tirgi^Mh^ pribirmirv wrtli 
«hfurinf. I'LkL ttibl iliti rh1<kME]<.v am in f4>miDr iiiiM'n, Ji^plu'i'i b curhiiri 
nuhttn'r c»f bTdroU"""'*^*"^' '" ^'i*^ imUitrLnrii, ihngf^ liydniikTii-AlrjiiikH liitW' 
twr, BoT, l-rna i^nnwrH fmm tlm xuhftiiiiwif flcinii'iiiTt^j, }tiit rpmiiinitij 
nilprafvllr i^i[>ti'li«i t^ ^^ lo^thnr vilh nn p<|ua] number of ehlnrinr*- 

anltcd ^D tbi> foi-rn irf liyilrTirblnrit «^U, Tiut 4ltrk4'U>4 to tho qiiofi^ii4 Al 
ilifFi^rviil [mini*; forlbci ulrMiliDrrctcrZiitiuii uf tlio iLbuV('-ii>FiLti<irit<l rhturtda- 
prodijclB doui riol j^iYcipitni*^ nitmto of eiUcr- On trmiiui; ilia t^unipoiMid 
fTJili potanS, tlm irliloflac ■□*] hyiii^iifiti hre miLOYcd iq lliv funLPfl of 
cin^Tinn of pril/ww^mit dihI hT wntor, Iho [mtiuh, hwerft, viEnrtiiiJf fio 
action ori ffb« nfiWi'iiio n> tin* PvmsfjkEif^ DompoiitiilH C*liNl]t, &r. I'mlnihly, 
ihrr^'Tiro, the oyrfoi'l f'-nculru of tli^^o ooi'ipyoB'la w ilump ^liioh an 
■bcvB iiiDii«Dil wiltiio bnckcLe. It Iisa iilrcmljr bcnu iiUwrreil [p|>, TOi 
!))> ibftL Lhumnl, wliu fonnerly »tfi.rjeil tUli vjaw u llifi ri|>lkl oiii\ liu 
IftUlj sclmitlad lEih fiijetiidnc of direcL r]iUirEn»KM>ii>i»niin4]«, ftml thnritfnn* 
trra^ for *'iampK not C*FiTI-.H*rl\ but CH'CK Tbn ohwfviitmun 
JOfl Ditfic npply blpn id tho rblnrinp-mmpoDfiilR nf lolnni mriiKiiiTiCfl 
nndtt t. Ill tho vhlorino^cDiupoitnd CCI", fnrni4i) fmm C*IT*. U mnfl, 
hawDver. be Illionlu ndmlttMl ihaXi 8 At- Q luva mtftclied iLenualvM (o 
Hid puUlilntioii'pfiMliicr, C^*. 

Kuril (.V. Jaa. Chim. ^A^«. 9i IAS) AupiuiMM Ibbt tbn i|»tm<iEi'>n nF 
■UiiiJ' vr;^L«]fln folnur*. (hocn of lirhrim, for fimrnplo. hy nbluriiiM, in dd«, 
Doi >o Ibe ftbfln^tion ^r in4}r>;?ct oKidttion cf Ih^ir hjilrai^) bui M ib« 
CBrvuUoo of B brow^n cDrjipuumJ bj tbi^ dirnrl cDnibiitBtlDii i>f tliv cLlorluo 

iiitb (hi* culoLiFtUK ulb^lCT- 

I| !■ uvljin « fywtomjKJundji iTml ctlnrino itfiipuMc of rcipbifitur tTiV 
irM* of tin hydroEfiEi. MntiT livdmt^Ti-ftri^niA tppi^tr la In- *d plfl<-f<t in 
lb* 0Aili|K»Vi1-iiIi>in, T.bnl tbo iit1r>ii"Tiiiii iff ihr ol.hcr nlAmi^ vni*prjit1|y of 
ikt ttwftp-n-aXwa^ vh'ith Iih'i? b timn/jf nrllnit* Cmt rU^ lijd,ni^on nnJ bui 
ft rttclrli' thflinit)! f^r llit* ublufiii'^ pti'vi'riM thr ntihu^Uti'ii'ii ihit riKuin- 
■|An<?i' iiikjr pcrlinpai ^ivu iLu jntiglit julti thu prubnblt rclqiWa pntiEinn of 

Jn JDUCt lUfu, e1tlaiih« niPrtfl jna iii<litee( «aldiamg notion h^ Ijiltirij; 
Bp lljp bydfojfpfi iv( tlifl wjitnr wbich *■ pmipiit, and imnflfprrlo^ iu 
oiycPD* tiLbi^r to tbo oiiliru orgnnit? puTiiiioiiiidt or ti> itA nrboo ftnd 
h^JfU^'O. 'J'lim irtiiy pcrliiip') thpkrTt wW «■> mjtiy C4>nrpuuoi]i «rv BoC 
dccuinpt^fd \>y pUluniie wIipp wnirr it eutiroJj i;icladHt. 

Pctfwtlv drr liluiUB-paiH-r 'li>er tidI luae il^ ccdoui id tlnf dilnrtov 

C— Cbkrinx* ;ii pfvHiiGfl of irult^r, nou a|H>ii mdJ^M-bbic, C^li'XO*. 
tr«i]'ftMTmi£ Ia it 3 At- tif nsv^'^ii frnni llio nnlor, iind foniortii>|; Lt 
iltto wMiii, C"H*N'1)\ wlbiflli 14 Lbeii ^mmnlJhU-tv Isftinforirm'l by nQWi- 
tbUon, Into clilorlvtlD, ^.''nitlKO*. ud bicblork^tln, f.'-IfH.1\\C*,— 
Stmiluiji elklfrhTLC, in preieiKft '^f waiern c4Dfl*rt« t>iitcr klmoud ail, 
C"H*0'- into Uufitic oi-aln C^*n'()*, uuJ I'umifiol, C"H"0"h iiit« euuiiniq 
»Buii C^H^O*. hydrni'lilitrii' nciid In^itif; rc^rmfjil hi tJie "unin ilrn*'.— 
Aqa«MU ^ir«nin. r'^H'O*, h for th^i iiiimr fuirr nohvnrU'tl by chin r in* 
Inio tfhlmnphphifMin arid. f^^'HTL^O'i V Ai- mrtmn iipitPBrLU|;io iK^cipplLcd 
in the form of »rboikk uliL 

On UivM dtcvQpoiliWn* und tnneTorinqtiuni of mu«t or;^a[r «ini' 
^uiiiU by clilurbe, du|idiidA it> |rt>wur dI dulruyini; iiiiny tirguiiii 
polourin^' naitlen, or lurniii^ llvota |uJd bruwii. uilJ ounH^uflbliy its 



k 



w 



DECCJMPOSmON DF OROAMC a^JPllt^HUS. 



otffwnin fDjnpEJimibi llta ftlkklaid*, for txtm^la. ialo Ddlooml ^MtfoflBto; 
Biiii III niiiiikvintr ar n1imitftu>! ihn mn"]] itf ExSurifwmDP ni^nic ctoplittil 

^JaitCF praj^rty. it U mr^'i for fumlRiUion onH vwhrnf, hrin^ m &c«, A* 

Hal fow or^Auic DDrnpaimli vitbrUnJ lb* Mttab «f ehtMla«; VHif 
tZiiiiii wliirU ifi> "N lire aucoinii^ naJ miitiiD uJdj terturie imd *bo aeiKi^ 
Ail.ilkiEd any ti^n uf ili>nniu|HieitinD. 



bMt Ld a vi<rv rrmilbr nmnnor to flblorfh^ bol kfl* cnnvvti' 

Pilly fur livilfiruQU it auC mv f7«kL lltttM w^ a 

ILiiniii ninoriiE Ihu uuTulvr— n«> «i| tM If* fcy 



lull^, binuiUM iU Hlti 

filW Pf^nic HilllHlllflC-J 

brtimino ni itr^i'iu^iry lL]|j])H'nLtuni«j unT la nuinv iiirtir|K>u»la U 
jblVFo[iDt-«mvnLiii4iB rcrrr^viannJing I4 ilj^ vh|arin»'Oaiii{«uiids t^^t ^ ^^ 

tirtlvHf iv)l* in Ik |iTOu!*ely Bliiiilnr iimiiii'^f tn i*tkluf]nv tld brxolw^ 
but [U atSiiity fiir livdm^'Uii boin^ inadi \*-r^. \i» A.vvnm\mt^\VkX i^i^* t 
brjfinJii Hkii]|K^uitc|ii ]> likiiwiiiPiBiKhb-Mpcmvrful; bvnc* nn orj^vitf V*^ 

rvuiiii Jip}"^'^ ^ ^ '^^ °^ ^^^ by it « orJiniLTjr canpantan*. i lUwiifc' 
; uol* vkiiLmlty on ninny T«1«tilo oflv* im>duciiiV Rint IM« of l —|< — 
lufv, Mjiiiy lytmfiviiDilfl uli^i^b fen liontnipDHd hf flhIofllH «r l*D«iH> 
mWvpx maut Lbc lUihuii of IikLLoo^ of ant wry tfowlj Mlockod by il : llMI* 
IE ■■ toty »Jirw lu tl* aeLioD On TOgvCdbla oilDurii' 'i'ha bro^B wliWM| 
vbii^li ioJiikr LOipr^rU tu untny w^nic E-<ini|>LjnbJr, '-o.t C^ ]4f«r, 1*^ 
vjn^J'Tmbx, AiLi,> jiririy^mlA frum Lbu foirii«Linii nf KvdnciJirui u^iJ, HP, 

^Vlic*D l>r'>injki4t Of inJiiif iwtn ii|'aii «n tir|£«nii* f\»ni|npiiri(l in pMHBS 
4if [lOUtli ut^ vtMr, it fr?i|itvi>lly yicMt bf"r*j"(onn, C*iiBr', or h^i^ 
htVJn, Cll I', bc^ldoi other ptiKlucU. Tbiu, uci>d-«1tim wub nlvh taJ 
bnintap. itP-J «iir&te ijr mjilftU t^f pvU>b wirb bfutuiaa, yfcM oniHliiW> 
^-I<j-1i}f6Tin !■ p/flj<ii*.i by !]((* unLJoh of iocliiin iv, ]ir»«tiM cf ifiVMi 

In ollirf muM, ffmminc niit) lf-h»io, »n pTT«ctii*' <if VfUmw m«h4, 
act m»D]y by iD>l^rorl oxj'ittioii. Jrt thii mnnnrr tb?y Hnnvt imt^^ 
ibIpO nJarmnia feciJ. huJ firuiluAi lAliFylaQk k^it frvm nhfiiii >A4 l>l«< 
^LVir kliiiniiilj rnni AiiiVhilrJrri, {Cvmp. Cnbrtiir^ UllLum ftftd Liii*>i 



6. thpomjiaii£iom Ay Ai^nc JWX 

V«ry ftfw QTfKBUi pdinpiiLiQclit '- i7-h fuwano, ■ukIbi*^ ««c4i^^ 
lHM,iBb«ri(Spymmijr'r*ni1 niin|iWLc ruud, |«aAn iwd Imc b lKit 

■, MfikiuiMw.^Onii « man nAnaiiuf M ■» ni>lM«>l by abii^*! 
iiBinborar bMd> 'yt NO* ttr X (p. T^^ ConeaniralM nkiW mU b ibt 
b^t for lIi'l* mjeifitn; ii iiiu«t, bttimvf, b* frwt frvm ttiltvvBod. »Uib 

won uiti'liirnA E^HaoiL- 1\\i innjifnriniUn B tfimaliiMa Bakoi ft— M 
(aUipai^ ttiLiirfntur**. anil (< *tu>r^i)Ad wicli ervlutiM of kMit, m vitt 
fliiHdiiQ kOhJi wntUoioa ft botltng licttl It nqvlMi k ii Ht MMaiil 

■Ub«>WUH««l9* 



BT KITWC ACIO. 



1V3 



K Oxidation tif At Qrjfitrtit Ctmffitrml, inCi&ciif dnaiApf\rUumj^ 
Al'kb^tlv. C'H^O^ hvntnl vitJi n\\tiv VMi^, la cnnrorloil Jatn n4'{>lifr iitTiil, 
C*H>0'. ni''i»lj^], C'lrA^, <rLl<^niHlo«ViNU<i>'),Yl,C^II'A«0>Miil 4ft>irhiir<U 
ibta nw'odvlw (n-"l, i."*lt~A*0'. MT[*i flluiuiiii ^.ii^ C"Ji*0", lol^j J"?n*iini 
*PM^ €"H*0*: mill iDnitniUol. C"H'*y^ iulu uanuniLjlic w\d. O"il"0'i 
pninknoLH C"'H'*UViii muvnilu-l, byiildw^iiliUti^ni af ■Icmif niUic jicid. ialo 
oumlflir iLcUl, C'li'^O*; cunpliml C'H'N'**, ^ Innj- UjJln^ wlili .(rapf; 
titrif *cifl, iftlit min]-hi.rni *'ni, T"!!'"!)'. ninl imiipi, C'S[*NO', by 
liunitiif niih Jihrtn niirifl (WNJ, inlo iJBtin. C"JI'ML"* Th* i>r;i»n*o cnn^ 
pnniiil mrhn* l>niMgb( Eo&li);f1ict tUtir uF uiUUtldii: itmt, Miv Loitiul? uid 
Mnt forriti'il front bUlot almubJ ^W. ej Limvurunl luli> aitrulriiniuic ueiil. 

(. r«Jcriu ncjtl uimtiiiLk J (»r If At, H <rf lUo 'inmitounJ m\ti wu-icr, 
WUbuuL >uliiULulii>ii, Tbiin it ["[inynrti in*3it.'ii-wiina» r'*H\M^, inl,*j 

BuiUfJ/, jiJpoliol, C'JCa\ jnt. B,ldrlivJ<J» nJ*y*, ru«l oil, C"ii"0'. \n\.c 
f>Utd. C"1I"'0', borawjl, C--U^'0\ iato Ciiwmvft campLuf. C'^U-O"; 
UDiain, C-II"^/. ,1,10 bnajyi, Ch'^l'. 

<1 Tbe uiUio iwid ibalmiEii li^ttrogirn, »ud Tmu-rur* u^y^b to Uiu 
•EKBOiH vmip&tuiJH^^f thin uattm w thii ofULVpniQH vf vr(jiril-a|iinl» 
C^H)', tola lARDio Krid.CII'O*; oftlevbol lutoiuvitii iLoidi tod proUbky 
aW tha rviDidoj[ of innj valalUo oLl« by nitrJo acid. 

*. M«M ortnuiic tuiii|H>ucidj aro uiurD i-oinpLoUly d«Din|io«Dil by uLttifl 
wnMi the Diyj^n uf rbo t\c\A ■fc^jsinuM.lQij; rmin ihtni «aFl>aTi a* woN ui 
hy<lh>cfu, nnJ (umiinji thi^rrwHli corbunic im^eiI un^l wutor^Tbii di'ooni' 
puittiDo Itkn ]i[arn wH^l ^vntir ripidity in [irnpnFtiiin lu dif> aeuJ in 
boltfir Mi^ Hiorp (<an<-(in[nLlv']T aiiii t»iiiuiiui a j>iT^ldr [jiiAiitttv Cff bypo^ 
ptirio miOt ifou^iloM iKPcakiw tb* j^rqator nlRnlty of voitvr fnr ailrio ^idj 
livhtfl tu ooEiqtiiiirEiU more flruily CoffolJior. — Muiiy mm pound (. tucb mi 
i«rcoiiL»c ucid smA uriMi, pdviiC tbo iLclJon of pufv uUrtd ftciil. bul itiv 
■Lmxiii'pDicJ by lliiil itcid wbun it vuu1u,roa Itypontlfk acjib i:iifbrpDlQ luuil 
b<]JiLM rvuhrd, Olbur i!'rii]|H>uadii »ra, mdnvd, dpi>jinpu»(I by iiLLn? tkcid 
fr*ii fraiu ]iy]i4»iiilrlr, biil v^ry ilawty 4I finf.. biiL sleicv Lliii iuitii>ib ti 
■ilmilnd Willi Iho fnrrnhttifii 01 niLrin niidi% vliJi^h i^nnKitTtfi 9 pi^rtion <pf 
Ibo n'tnc ni^id loifi liypoDL(rl< ^il.. <]S3),ftDd tboqiimUty of Ebc lullaF 
f«t on cuTiUuut^ly jUFt«*iiiir< tb« d'^toDipo'LElLiii may Br>inDLLnii*a bMSEQO 
itinr tiolnii- 'I'l»ii Tnjiy li* mitiJi-Jn la tub-dv tbib*, by H^ldiug la Un 
mittnr* nilmln vf unv (A[iL1ati), on whlnh ib^t byiKtnitrit; oi^iil. ■■ it in 
pfthiuAn], gtiitiiJiivrlv anu; v\\\ inji'iiuicb n* tbi* rivifrinn yJidiLh nn uitna 
OJtkdp, bill only nitroifp^ii mnd rnrbmiifl nciil, iho JlqaJd ia ibcn'by mnia- 
I«l4«d fiorfevtly Froa Trvm IjyponilrtL' JicLd. 

TLliw oruiLiiii? cuuijiuuEidn whti^h uru OHupnMLivcly rlcb lu uiy^p, 
•■ich Id »u/fef und luuny of ibv lu'iil*. un<, Fut the niiHit put, muni [|Ltii^kly 
■iHiiELpii^iM by nitri*: a*m\ tbnn eIilimi vhlcb tv»nMiiii \iim uiytfnii nr nnnn. 
btcwipv tliP aiy^fiE ii-lri^y {irMfinl tp tboni lu^uLa in Itw' tarmatioia of 
ArboiJa icld (n't w,iti<r, Ori tb« uLilier hcLad. xrlid fat', rwin*. inboy 
«*iTiplioiB 4bd »rujn >'oLaliJe oiU. m but dowly di^oompotnL iLot od 
ttiBJiy vuktjlr uil* Tthil uii Ij\m) oi1B) NiiorEttmtBi] Dflrio vEd, tapooUly 
if it bv fuming iLbil uiiiiirl wrlb iril of vlLuut, u&ctlfl to npiJ a Aibftp^- 
^mns uftiou, tbut lb*i rvilulion ul botlj uirmiliEih- on tbo furniftriun of 
^M'rT B[]il cirUonio kfid, in oFtfln lo i^rckt »a tu pruilu^ vi^iiJ rain' 
ba«liop, 

A« Ibo pjlriq udd In tbi4 oKidlBJDjt Mtion loH* otypon, it ^4 pnrtty 
eaTi*i>rUd info utlrii> oiida (uiil nrlrugon whbli oupci (ui>l partly ^ivcb 

iU DLtTPEcn lo Uio CDPClltuouba u tbo or^ptnLa nutlor, Jouiin^ njbb 



t 



1SI 



DKCOUPOSETION OV OAGAMC COMTOtlMM, 



^nimoDJit fj auintE uIUde jiiirTDi>Diiic>il 411, ^fiil w^lli thv nLFbon *i>4 hyAt> 
gnn, hyilioryanir iM-iil, CNH. which ifui- v^D m rupour. 

Am'o-^Btn 1« |l" fiToto qot l.br olilv |ifft(lHnl lin-rnol f^r <b* 
"Imiiition 'if nitm^iiinijA vdluiliiiiruv, invnv ^rtnijirpiLDil' fnv rtniq nil 
bciii(t ]ii furl ot-uiTiorl if tlir wmc Hmc. K«1n, ■"En', plilit^'luii, hi 
Bfid, ikD'I cljftj'FHjftl^ TFtuEf^l wtih ulltlc add, oTb^n vitl'l cTmiitf nr h|vni^j 
-DiU* at uiimuuift. (Muliliir, J^ /ir. Chrm- '^A. S<A.) — Tba l>qB*i 
^lo ihn c|ii4^E>mp[M4Uii>u c>f m\ *if mrixmliiiP nr junipor \"f Jilitu- nJtn 

In (in iiV4j]i>mtii]Ei, <^iiiuirEJii«lAE« nf «teiiiil>iiiii. (haficpT^iin, If, 
rt, I»7-J 

J/vtin'ri/iift itr'il appHM l4 1« PTUiluccnn <h«dWtill>llMi of 
'Ori^uiu luliiUim'CB wuli iiitrit KCiri, aikd liiu \mo obUhlfrd bj iW I 
mUuii irt Lliii inualuiuiiL Lii iIie* kijutji 4pf bluml, »ii^it, l'U'A- ■fr&t 
bnl, tiiUtilu u]Ip>4 Fi'BrTL*, fuN, vi^gvtalrlii acl'Lt Ac (rW /'(w^«li«i 
jC^l^nn^rM^, AAvirJiuif tiP Jik^brpm^ ihu fnnikiitjaii uf hyt^rwjnmt 

All ihg (tryinift fonajinnrb^ Loiw ft n^Tk^jilprihl* pnrti(»ii of il> 

ttjutmuoll^ iie[icr In uw^mi. atmI i* IriLntfurmnl fron « compaand tf ■ 
hijjhiir {iEili>r coiiliiJiMn^ u [irnpftrtiikriAnv Ijm^i'P nQfobtF of AMnt id 
rbon and hyflr'^ai'itn into op* of mow AMnpoubda «f Jov^r *r"l«f, 
tr Lhr oT-tinit of tlm riJtrlD juiid hf< rDhUfiim], tli* An*] pnHlorC* 
fCBCnllV o»»lwi nphl, C'lIC, <ir C'M'O', Of-ilr ■*id. Cli^lS mnd fu 
ftcid, C^kHJ'. The tHO thUi^r, liOMijf lokldp. uto wiiJxtuwn in/m 
fnrtlivr uctiun uV Ibii Dllrio Maid; Itul tbc oi&ltfi vA6, nhMi 
Ubibd, la iX lonctt. by (Ijir FtiitW tddiUflu of oij^tn fmb ih*, 
jHTid, romjdfiUly rriiii'livd ihId ont-bnniii uid And VQKr- Tb» ^r 
of nkiJkci aa'id Im iiumWy prfmdiHl Uy thikX at KM^h^ritf {C*l]' 
['C^K'^"J, hut ll>K Uy ouutinood ^t'nTt nf llio nitfin mt'td, h Mnilf 
•ObtOrtM IdIc nttlir lu-ld. 

la tbb mELimrr, llie fuUnvlD]; lolwuiia*, vbcn trnlc-l «r4ib allril 
Add. field oidlic tciJ u ilin'ir IldkI tirgnnLCi pretlDd of ^tMbipoilk^ 
rnW-y uarK^iiitol with fnrmifl vid unotid mrid; Akohul, ladir iic>^ 
tBhuiu, omlii^t \'\iiri:, Ijifinjn, jpiltir-. itnd nifv^thirr v^^.^-muj virlBtala ' 
•bJ ralB^— 'UK'!''- e^"^i "Utrht trondy HHrp. indip^ Arc- 

li Hmv flrffunir oompouudii h^vcvcr^ tbfi »;illilififf of ihv nvdrl I 
Ihc kbaLruL-tJUD of nrtioa d^iaa put go ku f» w Ij luivo vi*Ue ufhJ M' 
GeiilI pTiNlurt. ^ut prudui'tt uru foniiiilt irbieb nmU-id iiiurti thmm 4 Al, 
nr^xiit, Hrid do iiut furiLiir |pr* afl* ObriwHi but k|4 uftfrD cit|«bl* tt 
lnkin[[ up NO* Ly BLibpiEitutJoii. 

Ibuji >mrir af id vlipn Biit^jcct*!! (o llii> Mnlinnvil tct^ffn if n^tfif Bdd 
aU<lnM«ly yiddt agcrinir ociJ. C'JL'O*. and tul>frii> unL Cll*^. «Uih 
and<'iv" iio fi^Oii-r ^d^iuiin* (.'riMmir<ii- iu!>d, C"][*L)', dik|iilr<t »>l^ iMi 
■rid Irv* tC Hnd SIIO, ku-l yK-liIabitUT >.l]imnd iid,0*I1 (y. "^«^M2<|U 
furiliiT K£ii>>n uf nilrip luid, !■ ronvrrr'ili Er"I inl-^ Ihoidi't b^d. C7^^, 
i| ihrn iuio jiiiri-UiiEr.i*- Held, C'li^XC flimiUrly. *n(*niii , C'Hy)*, 
»duldl'MJ nJLb rnuc-nnimUrd nitrtr htJiIh it iionwrUd, Kith fnm:hluv tinr- 
.HHl.iiila i.icirio arid, CH^X'O- Ap«-o], C^H^CCh En>l«4 cHllm* 
/, flrti ifid) iri*ak uvi ■ftoM'ud' svhJi iLfoaAvr itiirlo »fi4, !■ m^ 
,4.>r1. 1lr«l iirti fivdr&OiBvl. C^'H'CK. tftrii inln urijirr chid, C^U^O*, *■!> 
(■llyH into nHf^ftniD •«■!, C*'H'XOV— Wm»y of^klt HiTtliEr«k« 
LlABt «ilM«ood or Tiulir. fwtid gUjn-r^^hiK Ar.^ wSro hfl^lvd tm Mi 
mt^milJk Brific told, jirld fln-hnie «fkd, CoJ1'X-0.-^Tktltfg^ 



125 

■fftHral uiPUipimjjU« iff luwiT urihir*) wluflK if I'Tadmtvi hv WAma iudigu, 
Tkriaii' nviiim cuhJ vr dmrrittil, wjlh iEJut<i ritrin MF-id. miJ riwiniEitai tj'uu 
tHBQin in itN [iQWar of pn^cipkiAtinG f^UDn]^--tp|ican likiiwjjig l4> dD|H]iif| 
u^n (he AbVlnniifa itf fiort vf tlio cajUm kud hylroffrn oontiuPfiLl 
lu iUmt coupfianili, aod lEiu bLrotlui-'lLuii uf fCO' by tiiHtitotion.-^A 
tiuiiUt »uti«ji prvbkLi* LaUi^a iilinii iu liio foMimUuu uT iliu y^Uo* L>ilt«r 
BUitl^r (^(fun' TmtffJH tvliiiih i« irroJuiiml Ijv tfu4iliui; tiirioiit anliciftl 
fabiUmcn with aitriQ bciU, kq^E e« ttIlIaI La picric Hci4i C"H'X*D^ — 
Lttitl^Ti ihfl rnvinuim m]t«9i^> nhLAiTicij by trvaLJH^ many Yolntilu uilii ttid 



T. DtcBmjmsiiifmt £y iA« .^a^Ji iff C^'^fint. 

Htv^^'ii i'-r '.\\i:iii 0-T>d tfiviii}; fifd |i) lbc cviiluLtun uf uLi][irii»' ikiJ tuflFUnji' 
Hill. auJ in lEir vt^u of Difrogniiuui bciJiOD, HIeei urnBi, urin ■■ii*!, and Ihfl 
mJI(4luiili', ulao of uitragcn ^intJ oliloriiin af uilrnir«n,— «ointtiinv4b/g)Tiiift 
lath oiygi*!! anil ^^lorinn id ihp or^iuic mmpuuDd. 

Tbun IlyparAiof'ut ociii wiHi &b>ibol f^riin uwblu »piil *pd Ibo oil "f 
DlrfiAiit ^itf. (RikluM.) — llj'piK'liluFrl^ <t' limo drctJUod y'tWi afc^liril y^rlilfl 
chtunifutm. — Hv7»<ioliliirrf(itf uuiJ liud t\j> m\\t cturt a putfirrfu] dtnlmviu^ 
ution f^n (v»]4>Drii]|^ iiniL o^Li^rifcrouit niiilters.^C/i^furiiT arUle ffOM, Avalvdd 
frvm cbbrntf r>f pi^Mknli by ull uf ritriul. %*\it llr» tn nWlml pluced m h 
Ujpr nhfiv* i^i*- misLiira. — ^Whau Arganifi AnmpnuDdfi sro pkocd in 
^anUwi w^ihr^ mt]iL«in?<irii]tli>rai->of pntuha-nJcoitacntrKtod hydnH^blorifl 
mt\A, \\\vj bi<r oliiLii^<d ill thr laiuc iiiBnner b if obJunnu uxl tttyifvo ««r 
Id mtA u|i4ii lliuin ■lumlibnguuvly, Thu< onviuiij in cduvqfIijJ iaUi 
dilonni] : 

Similarly, Biitbrbnilic hckI ipttt ohloruiil ■- 

CdOi!Datm(*(1 (!^'nrv ncAi, or* picro nf paper ntnmloil witb ]^0«U Aro 
to ftlcoboJ uid uthar. ll di^lro^s Tiititl urg&nio eonmEiumfj, but la rmth 
■kfwer in Et« btcBAbi njf aoijoo thao obLorioii or kypocbturbm ucitt, I'api^r 
li«td ID tb« Tftpuuruf budiDtfpervblpncBdd (kkoiUn; but tin* ucid wJivb 
■iittillEfd willi klaibal. b't4 Iik« <ji] uf vkritrl, (ituducjdjf walvr mud vUiar, 
wjtbunt ibnlf undnrjfi'iti^ d«>UEP|MtHitipQ, 



Tbo dc^dnGinLtLDD of orH&nio nubcl«iic» by bokljnj; llioiu wjth dT^ 
Itdio >£id hf klFToily biii>ii ini'iitrufirft (p. S8). 

Aqtieout ludie vid civrtu eio iLcimi «(■ irttmy HubabancF* ovdu jil KHTf 
«, y.j vO fata, YifKlila nil*, tiiHJri>, qjul □cIikf juibauncrc in>,c>li]1i1a in wntur, 
•In (■■ wi?li<:< u*iiti I'l^lvrhti .loid, raiiiplt^irir. oni^j, Ufi^ ^itnUn, an thia 
tTytuAhae ]pDi *j( l\io t-yix (MdJoD,) 

a. Many Dr|vrii4 wrirpuiLiirl* i»ra mvod by iudic fe«ld ti> ■ hishtr 
4«f»v (jf uiidaLiikfl, LdiJiDt bciu^- lub froD, TliUi Ll 4:uuvcrla foHl'pU 
islo laWiatJe Mcid, dJii oil uf LUur aliiKfudt Iqtu IvDWQ U^iL (blilluiuj. 



i«e 



DECOMrOSlTlON or OnOANIC COMP&USDS- 



hVapUftllon of iuJbo,— At onliniBry iMiipTninra*, itiii d»Pom|i iililaa 
flMt TCCy »|oiv]y. jvn^l <tnniipi<^ wi^n»l ^Ut': il 1* iiar«lant*4 ^ 
pMHTan qf jqion^ filr^liniiin oT Hy i^i* iwtiiiii fif li^kt; »l3ll Mor* 
itt bninpmtjir^ Witb muny •Qh«uu«««, hovflrer) «Hnplr«# 
pnoiiion >T4«t iMt U.lu itlHce till ifler Ht^nl hmri' boHin^ with 
of loiliv AT^id, L'EtEiniLlfiv, ji> iiiiii-H mEtfifvla Mad J* ^bl^iasl j 
nuDDCF, u if lliu cpff^imii^ ccimiifiiLiKl liad Ihuhi bBnm J wUIi r>iiiilr nf ro| 

Willi moii£ diiTvEitrLiin? Jecnm]u>jnrmn in nn^^nhtM, rT'O nl 10IJ\ wti 
a^lJiiiiiiL jjf t tmiTD uf li^iSrvrytnio s^tA [ffrrrmyviKlt i>r fcrriw^^iw' 
pnLjiuium i^j-ih nipl prc<vrjt Jl). 5ulL Li tlic oitc "Itfa ux&Uo, tv 
l4D[iO> tHkitdiLiz. i^iLriF, ujueiu luiJ mEnmLiii* b-'iil j ^u villi Biiil-4lipft' 

^MDDLon 4U^uf, tfrup-*riL>»rt decciii, 'Unli, aoiii mu4 m,Uriti ; vaimt 
f'ft^Q flulnUiiDH, mrbiriv unirj, raric imi*!. m^lkMUjrar, fidiffiii. uid Wf*^ 
cmilj Knpo-nfmr, rwint d^nmjncttrnn fir tK* l<»ni^ linM. Oviir 
COnpODiiiIi wUith OKidn* Vffiy nfikdly uro o«nk]>ltI<FVr itHonpOHJ 1/ 
liT^ AfLiI, <rr«ii whaa kvdfiMtvNiiio %i.-ii\ m eihMqiI. Thai Ctvoanlah ^«Ua 
■eld. lanrt^o aoiilp tmrpliini^, kllikiiiLrii, filrriu and ^nm, (Miltuh.) 

f^ AeclDU4T funnii with iodic usid ao oitjr piwncl vltlwat •«|uj«tina 
of ibiiiaa, 

C*»/>, &fklli*n {y. Ami. CAim. J>*yi. I|. ^Sx abMr f^rt^^- rfB>J- IV. tTVK 

iVi'«/(f ai^uTucA* In a liuibr muQQT \o i^dioBoM (II., SOO)l 



Th^i a^iil fiviw up ntyi^u In nmnyureiknin riiU]|>iki]iidik «itd in 
folarwd to cUromiC oijdr, 'iT if a ipinTiUmiid lif'jirnfiil^Lf dclminitJ 
a. Vfiy clitomlo tclrl mtlaiirty tot* Hro |o mftay ^r^uilc coqipooJ^ 

^rnmt Eilkduiiii. y]t.. bimtiuf), cutiiiiM^ amliqi^ diluHiiiliiio asd 
l*Dr»l, tiUtp Arn lit rciiiULciL itjik irUrcpmin ru-id, i<^n ti anlitutr* m ip» 
niurHj ot1i'>n. ninli iv ■ma|H>lii]n, thifiMinnamipi^ nvnlLihtilbilitmH vttt- 
tAivfiati and nucfptinpj oiUy nhon t^icy Iibvd fi^Tlomily Lwco akgkl|f 
biKlAL Oil vf laiulAnI, UeaiuL ntmlitD^ldo. cr«o*nliG^ Ar,, do &■< l 
dfW «r« wlitm h-vEod. Tlio lital ovuJuvil in iSa voiDffEii&liap of 41 
dmniltf Hid villi I'll- nlViiripidw iJrulnLly tolin tn «d1 tbra ckn 
(At W. HflriEiTLnn. ^ni, t'ttnrm. I,, H^,1— AIpuHejI. iibn, and <Mi«atti 
t^ Uln 11r« ir1ipndrn]tpd npnii njvUlliiiHi rtimnif aAid. 

imld "t iRtUk^j and dduU- ■id[ibiiriaacid BOl^d* Um Ol^ic nspoaaJt^ 
|b oDiB nf (1i(^ fikllnwiii^ H-urn: 

t. BrirL£« ir. in \ Lij[lier dpffr*# nf aildntiUB. 
^. Ot wrtkilrqira |raTt of JI^ hydri^t^nci. 
.^L OrwLtbdimvi tbe bnlngfrn mid puUaiy^n in Hm pbflii 
^ Or foniii wilu aad mrlivrMO u^d, and tlivrab^ K^*** rix 
CiinnaJfpn i>f uTnala«<iai|NjaDdii of li>w«jpoHor. 
.- jRWiv'" "/ '• ^■'l^rL*^ C"Jt". i* nu*cr1cd hf i>Mi«M af tf» 
noMtlkadnviiiir jii>iii intif J Al of bitlv tZniatid ujlr=>l?*ll*0>, v|«tb 
^int tb» bjr lanbtr aii>UtJap l>« pgmraHivI inia bv4itoi«arid; iKHMfai^- 
I C^H'<0<> ia «Dv«f««d inb> tvnantbylio a^id; njid mdien<btDf< Ti*|» katfa. 
Offii SttHffamu,t"'M\^itlMifnintdiDlo>*liHloB«<U.e-jra*i. 
I rai«l-all, P^l-V", ai-fwfliily mlv v&lm^ O-U-0'. 



DT sDLrnuntc acid. 



Ii7 




C^H^J*: fat8|*J, C^H^^y^, i«i-ilyiotiiv»|..riwk>KtdHC"JI"'0'. 

Of f -. Tutirio toiil, 111* vntumw kinifH iff <"iriirf pMnriiliiiii, An, nm 
oaiKtftl'd, \iy ilifltilJiLljnn with Aiit|klinFin ftoi>l and enrMUknlQ of iioluli, 
intn wAiflf. mrbiiEiirT ivnii), Inrmic acid. Af . 

Boiitnl TLo uuuLml jinxlitfitji r-i-n-iiil iA ])rn|Wi>n r>,M"K ["'[It/', mul 
TiJiT'i-ttiifilci, C'H'PC. thiMU^Jd prmlqoCA k'o hyiLninynnJii, forTiiin, luwtift, 
buiyrid. *jairjaniri ilhJ brnwpic mM. ((JuukdLofgor, AnH.PhnrrA. fi4.G0; 

Oxidtf;-4 (^.> l*y mliuihot, oiidJfl acid, M-Huic icU, <iUw iicSd, and iugu, 

Prrmanff'in^/la afPtitiuA nntjt Nkc rlirouiali> tf ]>fita.iiU. Willi noliilloD 
of iiif;vit forniJi cjitJnlu of pulAdti. (cDrn/f^ JV^, 3^T-) 



10. ZJrtTwnpflnf*'** ty^nJpAifWrf -^tfiJ. 
A- Iff ConceHmifcd Siifpfiuria JiriiSM 



Tho UtbjdfOBI Iflid uots pmat pDWcrfiillj; tlin fuming noii) 1i>n» ntid 
mnnon oil at vitriol *tilJ Ihh elrou^ly. TIim Dm. anthtii of t^i> flout U 
t» dinBoKfi tb< OTfU^ oniityKiiindf, nm^E at trtucn, cil IomT, t*unijtdohil>ro 
riic nf ktnpBstUTC LAkiin^' I'in'^v hi tlio Bimio linti:, tiulnDqufiillyH tk« 
aolphuriti liuid, vpftiaity if li^fit ba &|>{rriud» uiav pruduciJ (li« fuUowici^ 
«Twiij£<u ill ihf tioiii|Kii]U([i, ffvuEi If ilmy nro Dot dinHhlvM): 

o. It ttTJnffii thn afi^iiici ciotnitourid UiUy n puimtltir iJuiiDfirio nla'.^. 
^mhutm caippnor In fflnvertrid hy ml of vil.nrpl inlii artjmin. 

^ By vlrtufi c»f i^ ihndhp'xmjriilli^iitiyforvBtQr It AbttTmcli Lydrofen 
Midfli^g*n frviu tlio flotn]ioap-l io mod/ nurabftH of ktrimii, *aa oilTifir 
lara* « RnupunEii] funrparuLively dutf in oirbpn, or cHium tlin rnAiUqa 
fA llLfl iMim|iDiknd li^h uh-it itiia nbittntctifni tn xplit up inro Hiirrnd nnv 
onnipoiinfUd 

IVppfnomt-oimpbor, (^^H'^O', if Tsaolrod into mcntbtno, C"H*\ lud 
t)10. OiJ uf iJtri4>U ii^^aa in oumpahAUvDly tniidl ijunnLily. eunruEi 
tklnuliid, C4rO». iutu *-iUi-t. OH*0 imj UO, iu tiif«t*r -^uhuiityn it tmi.h' 
fgnn* thf aluchvl Info ulrliiiiit [pi*. L*^H*, ninl 3HO, — U ixn^uiit fawl-oil. 
C'"li"X)'', "ntn Bmylfpr, C'H", pari t^f it, liow^vor, Iwiinj itirtUiT ilvaom- 
pOfHL-^yomtii^ ooiJ. f H"0\ Erentvl wjlb "11 of vJtnol iis rpHolrcl Inlu 
iCO uil %nO. knii onlJO uud* V^RHj', Into ^CO, SCU' ami 3tlO,— 
WliHn LitEulH»ii:i],C"II"XO\ i* <li*uliud in od vf vtlrioL, tf a'lVi'a upfMU 
tff iba UiEcr; friE truter tu^Hoquuutly lulcUid t4 ibc K>]iiii<tii tliniwi dovra 

t. Ja nitrrt^nnijv n->inpi>ii]ii1j<» it iE>dnH-i>B hy lis prp^iispoitiuf nffinirr 
tLio furmatioo of aiitoionin ■ — I'Ima fi»rniJitioii of ammooin in.KM |i4ifio irilh 
pMOllat fkoihtv in oomri-'UDiln ulnrli ooDl4\^Ti iiitf»grii tu i\"- f^nn vf 
■■lijDgeii. Uuaijda Iii^elU^ KrlFi ml uf vrTrioE » rct^lvi-d inTft fiilfiUHtO 
of AMmohLA, ovrlKiiiir osiiji', uiirl c.'l^lMJll^^^ iki'id; iirii> iw*id ijilo lu^phiLti) 
of Ainm{»nijk, raibDciJD okiiln^ n^rtiapio iv^Ul. xod enlpimrob* A<cid. 
I il, ll jt*^™ up '^* third aLom of oxy^wn to I At. hyitni^D of tho 

^^ctniipDunitj aod enLan Lbht ooi>i|>uuDd in iLa foriu uf BuLpLnroui ficiilj 



Dico7pr?o^niQW or oiuiaxk: <xwrorxnis. 









white lli4 wLlor pnilucaJ bv the ttcoaiu|i»ltlan !■ KptnM*L- 

t^ Willi many itr^uln (TMiipDUfuli JitlpHunc twrjif iinilen and Com* 

4rft4jp «LUit]d>d vith hiipAniikLiii nf ffttor. 

/. TLo oEV^n 4/ tbu idpliurii: aoiiJ n«l onlj fomu vMctf *Ftlh iht 
Lj^rgifDU of lli* ur>»ijii? 

■Uit<i of HEilphuf .— I'hn nrjfiBiiic oompouhrl, irliiihvr t| dt«Batrci m (^ 
of TJtnol or nni, fiNM^iipnllv tu4i]>iii^ »t KriE a ilnfi 7t*\, idvAjn- 
vitilpt «r or.bor Kuloiir, i^IjilIj hitxovvi, tf llic udnn of Ous Adjl I 
tiDurnJ^ a firnvr.tW\i lUEo bTrmn anit Lkok. Th? foUrrlo <tt 

firodui'U, "TirEi lu Tuniiif mol'l, lui-'tii; iltiJ, uriJ furfuml, ufli^ii 
rum Mm arginjfi CDi!p{K>und, pon* nlf rDp^E|ir<r witb Ibff tn^ilur* <j 
Acid* OLrloitifl nxido, anJ 'iLliiKtii^iip irid pba. Thv rMidds |C«a 
enntuiiiA at flnl ■ liWk r^iu, irilh wIlIcIi iiL)Ijtlmriti ktIH !« Inli 
cmmlpUi-ii , 4l«<* a Vft'Wfi iiintk<r »liJ"l* i* n'liklnJfl «* wMor tml iu ■ 
liliMvi-o ■MiiiiflHti iiiJpliiLrfi^ ^ivl. auiE. tin \vy:"Vt\\ 'if iia |4rv|«rtj of 
cfpi(a.U]LL[ uuIaLrEJH ]■ tnlJtil ii!ifh<ite uf arTifina! tannin ; ufia likvw 
liiuuldv iEi6N[itQLu» iii)e{ lulTplauEtr VI J i!oi]|>|iii3 wjtli hh urtfBiiio ami 
If ihn uitlnn nf tkv iwui Im itiU fiirrlmr aimtmni-d^ tnlphvt it 
■uliliiiH^i, itni\ i\u^ niil'*Tji.iir'M jiiit Fn<^n(M>iMHl unil" mtn ■ b^-lr cftlloJ 
trUp/i-ttr "/ f«r*"" {Si'^f'/rJ^ftvrf A''iWf*, *lnflh la linf'lii4if« Wlh U nirt 
mad ia ^Wiiittil—iikBw'itf cvaiaiitt rulpLotie uid. or §oiao tiOmx furm U 
nbliuF. •it iiiiJmuLtrK wiiiIimkhI thui it nonoi La fextrBC4*d Irjr blL^i*— 
AdJ ■•. inL>r<:iDt«r» ■Ji»Lin4i'ui«bQcj frnm trua cbiironiJ hy funUbiiiiiij; « 1 
ilnnblM viiitunt '>f hyilrngmi a.t\\\ 'ixysfiu. It iip|icar^ tWn, 1)141 
or^niD I'Jiinp^iiindi iltt* fJmrr/ii \*y cnfjihnric ikuL 

^ttHiiirir. EuHk iLi^iir^ £r4po-tU|EiLr, iMrvb, liollq uld, UH«ile 
Viii fllrto iicid. liUklDiI frit^i uhi:u« vt uil vf vilflol^ Irtcvnw fjwkm^J' 
rliarrvd. lit 1jE>t Kiviii^ ulT ]iim^ cbi-I^juic uilUv |nu; bii4 i* » on] j u « 
IhUir AtM^ <}/ (Bii |>rT)nw< — tin* \\*'i\i Xmn^ nunttDiiud^tbbl thii (v 
bHdiiMa miti-d wiEb nartKrnijr nvitl mud flHlphurqiiii a^id^ as llui Uw «^ 
Ldnift o^t Ap^an to I4 /omifd, nta from tlw ojijgvii of xh* lulpkarit 
^id, but fnu lh%\, nf the oi^'hjuv fiompojml. Id coiiu«jiiodh <if il* 
4*(Uiii|KMi(iqn a>B»'l \fy ilia rumiiitiuii uf wafer. TUm %n^ 
BDrrubDnt*J by tlio fnct rb«t n>iiipuiind* ouiivintrTif wlu>tljr *d a 
^drmn, 4n <4MMr> if jteEdIng Ttr^ f|U4ntilu« of ■?arT-DDJ« 
■a «mMhi a<ido, — Fati^ ino«r, vnlKiIln iiiK n»iti«, •ic«ri^ >flC 
mU, A«^ (ivMod ^\i\\ ml ol vitriol, furm— witli «ra]qiioB of 
Hl«ur«d bralitfv. w|iK>b cJiBiF* wfica lunb?r UdbIoJi fflHac bdf Hil 
»Diil, rvrl«fi|r floid, Qiid ir^'at^at-ly bUu foriitie uid. — On t^ft 



Tkloi-kiiic^ ■□* 



oS for ihfl fpoal 



put, ■pAftlffKii 



id bulyriti ftdiil. pav 
wban bMUMl hilL ml cf aiej]i>1,— Aivticrncid ^icmpt* d iicwnpt ri lM — - 
flM#ly> iDHinuclk M hi vii|iili|j4«ii wbrn liMUd, 

^. I'HuUftrly fvioiirkiibLc o lb*.' ^ipvitui^Li^iii of funvio tcii kadrslmi 
(■ kiud ti vuU^dc uiJ) wbjcli liikd! ny*Jt *brb B4«-datl, fcim, 

TiUitfl and WftE'ir tdl i[ U^^infi Id rbif, 

V'ry fw nr^Anti^ ^»oiL|H»iiriil4 r^m^un iindnvinipiflvd iflMa 
*klk ml Iff titfiul, tAjiCtfisJJT aE b bwilrag btal~ auili. hovtrw, b ibti 



nt PITOSPilOILIC ACID, 



1» 



S, Jf^itift 0/ DilulfSiiipkanf: Avid, 

Cvtvn Diher of Ibo rlri>iiKor acjJi otitta uUibiL iLa maui luitinn. 

ci. Ill ■Dine fn*™, ilm JilhU "flirl, from Dome nikkooHn eauiu, Wui^Pi 
Ihr uqpiuiq cotujmunilj «l 4 boiling bc^iit, lu Uikc< lj^Jfo^i.*ri uekJ luy^^p in 
•qui nuwlwi of tn^mt froui Lhn wuhir, iiiid ilmirlfj' Umu n imw ™in- 
BOdOil. — SUirvli, oifn^tu^ptrn imlk-Bu^ur, mid dacLriUj builwl witti v^tj 
uilute o^'iilt, urn coiivorLaJ iut*] ^-mpo-iiicnr, 

b. Id 'itlwr iitfiBH on the eonmiy, it vrithdrawa bydro^u aaJ onj^on 
FrDin tlie nnmpnuuif, in piiiial nnmbi-r* nf •Utina.— Snlli^Din. C"]t*C*, b 
tbiiE «oiitorti-id inm MhUmtm) C'^H*0*. ui-t 3110. Suligoutu naJtrjfDCM Uio 

<• In jLiiLii1<i^ii-i-(]in]Wiiiida» it tndiicfi^, by priftiepqiiEig iffinitj, blio 
fafEnuliun at iLiifmonm unct dttvn]iiositiD& of witvr, llic oEygfiD cf vbidi 
pu*^ over 10 the orpmifl cnmpnond.— Onanililo, C'K'N'O*, i- rtwuKtil 
with <i«r"jinjHuitirni af ■lIIO, iiilw ftnlfo w'A. 0*H*tl', ilmJ 2NH'; n-wi- 
rug^ii, OFI^N-O*, with aHO. iuli. iij|iurtii! uriit, C"H"NO" ilt..! NH*,— 
Tnpta tninr^runriBtivfti urv ILkowiio prodticod by wiiWr aloba; but f>nljr 
M 1 »(foiig hcut, Bcwt u uuu tn ini|artiH[ ui thii wmint lO «Va](<<I K^"" 

ct Boiling dilute iii|ph»rio u^id miuDtim^n, tljouuh nroly^ cnnicd «ii 
«T(^hi1ii:jii nf oitrlHiiiio iii?iip, forinpd Tnrvt Thu o»y^-v*u tif lliu UFguiic vm- 
pountt, — Thun, lacuiDi? iwjil, C^IIH)". boUiNi witb diluti' Biil[ilmtic i»r 
bydrtwliluric add, ^iv«fl olf SCC\ uud in Tuuvnrtud luI'I cuiiifliui^ h^U, 

« ^np^nifU', bftiliiiE for « lonff ilinci iriili v*ry di)iLU> uilirhnrifi lk^^n^, 
it OMvareoA i«U n inouid^ KabsUrkinj Dvd a auidJ^ i^iibuLIu •>( Ivtiai* 
vAfL 



\\. Drf:6mf>taifiona Iff fkotpkorie Ati^ 

AnlirdrDim ii^iupliuHa wJ mcU, by virtnti if lU watnt-formmf: 
povar, lilcrt nnTirnnrmtirEl Nidiiburin luiM -. Imf, tlin iIi^umifiuHitioii wbidi it 
aSMfl rn miicli Ir-i pn>f4iuiiri, jtnnTy Sih-iviux? it hu ^nBH nlHriity fnr wntctf 
iod nmniDDia. ami pixrtty bonuec it rcuint il4 uiye^n mqch morv tomt- 
cjoiuly^ Ii ii iliQfurorD ipactally htkpt«4 fur ihiuumpi^iTtJuLB ra which tt 
IN drtiLinil El' ahfilnu't wu.Ur wilhutit unMlu^jiii^ uiiy blrui]|fer uvliuD. 

Bj diiliiUtiun wUU uuhyiiruui plu^iilifirio niid. ivhidi lukoe ii|i 2 At. 
110, ftlootiol, i^HKiK It ovnriertud iiiLo cdrflAnt gnt. V'H* [m. cauantitnUAd 
HlaUon ^i yho9\-hom >ofd Uktviv* FcrmB with akoliol ■ ovrtnio i|niintit/ 
bf itUiiir), fuhl-u»I, C"ll'*0', into amyJono. U"!!*", tind plvnifr"' wni- 
iHiEinJB c<F l^i^idiibu, I'jiLiiidioi', C]I"0'. iril4t uriMi|ptK'irc, C'fl^', l.oni'^a], 
C"H"0'. "mln b<in"j'iiuH C"!!'" . jt"^ijii.Tinijil-.iLmi)b"rH C*JI*0', *nlo 
&iaiitfatt», C^'l['^; ethal, C''H"(J-, into (vitcur. C^H''. Bui ftll c*f bitlcr 
aIuvoiI^, nil of Qinnuian, Ltid aniiwi'QmpliDr, dn uti Ma&Vr ih'n di-uuinpn- 
■tliiiii iiitrf fititdi And rt liydTivLnrhon, whim hr-aiffd with mihydmua pl^cm- 
B^ori*? BJAJiL — OjitlNc lioiU boutod wit^ MDituDUiLb>d phaii]jlivrlc Juiid Ia 
4#HiTiipaHii in liu-- Himb iiiiiciiii<r u wHh itii *il vilrior. Cnrluji rnin- 

Cniimlj, bkltlthyilc^ oimidturJD iiflid. kod ixfiftJiiUtJ, Afo cvon bliuJuued 
y iili-^phgm ■did, 

>1j{«|-1ji<rlo iwki tiLnnbir VrjiitAfitniku n^ru^in cfjinpouiiJt ld14 otfatn 
imoric mtli Jii'iii, and rvnuji ll fi'vr t-'j"tt't{*d PXot^Mne Oiidf {q, v.), 
vol. riL ■ 



lU 



DKC0»1*05mQN V¥ ORGJlKtC CMIPCVfETM 



It. Dtcam-jnviiaanM hj/ PfnltidUoridt ^Pkarphorua, 
inbMMtt hu DO Eirlion npor hy^r^nrbfiiK. hm brU tWI 

goCHKi fnirii llio ftiiii^KiuuLl :uij Biib-iilut*^ I Au ^]vtitm for I 
111, fA tllJbl ir, lb |]L'nO>V cmilViirl'i'l tlltn ihr lutMlIn O^M 
(Jl., Cl^U)-— The klnnlini*. t. j , waniJ-ajHrit, ivminnn aI^oIia^ ttm^^ 

oiL tuJ ("Uuftt, ore c4rrT0[t<:il b; |4(iti»ljl<»ii>io <>f pbi'tpboiiu iU* \^i 

BlUJr C"H*ti' • FCI* r- C"H»CI • Pl'l'ff • bCJ. 
Tlin pfiEiUfililciTi'li] of phnnffliDrufe Ilkvwiit uiU vi^lnrtly oa pluovw 

vwiy * PCI' > c"ii*rjo5 . vanp « iiai 
e'-HV « PCI' - cH'Cio* + PCrtj" • ua. 

CrtHf- DnmM A P£l^ CJnfl. C%('ia. ^^^ SL U; C$Xntir*,C 
rtnd. as, 4tCJ. 



13- DnompatiXloiti £y ^«tatii€ CAioridt$> 

nnLkriLff^ itf iLiiIurjiinv itii'l i^lilMriLE). i»f i^rKaJo scl tik^ fbloidv ft 
}lioa|iki"ru4. |lio iik^lAl iviLlit|f«Hiiijj; niv^^^'J Truui iht- oreuiic oohiiaqv^ 



» 






14, iMwiHjyvtfisni ^ I'tPOridtt 

OF fell cLhb &jnipuiiQ'lf. Ihv ''fuwD pt'nixida nf W4 ij atHl di 
lit ^ivfl u]P iU uivif'ii ip uri^fiio rEiiiipiiuii*!*; llnii fnllnm ffd I 
Ikrb l)ii' fmnaJilKK i>f nihURiiiii'v Htid nirkrl 

d, l>rv iiPfoiidfii nfr^-n ji^^li^r'' Atv HlK^^nrpotltlan; f. f., m 
oai^io of wft'l it irjIflFfitcrt wjtii UfUrfd Dti*1, pvoniir uid* Cti 

B. fn pwiftM of wBidF, thirrhiDf j^rufLunt la otrliftnifi atil.— Pernio 
of Ind. Btrn mt mthHiiib lumpunlaiwv lon^vrti «nii«viiB liff<u(v» 

or iDnfi*^ ■li'I into 4r1>nDH u)d tfitriiiJa uul; It Uk«»l» ' 
hnik^-.na r\\J^t luid jfiilJD lOld, bvi niTbpLii fui-nintjuii L^f funtie Hil^— Al 
iWlccii* hm. It biu^tru fumr latu i^nrhrmiL- iirij rirniic ^4 (pti4^^ 
m tnarijitiiw ilo«4 nal (tsNTii^Ho ■ui^'Hrkj liijipntir ai-id (iria )4KBiMi4t» 
Bffiob^ Brid lud wklar: •JIdiaei itiio nn-a kJinlir viit anil fftjla^ m^\ 




CaUkBt or HIAV1 V£TAL^ 



HI 



Oh1I< M/Ad [■ oonvprl'>4j mLu orif Ifmiv loid kud wnlar; hlculiul iritij kIJ^ 
bj^ tDtmio »ai'1, u»iJf ooiJ, &a- viikiu*. xuini 4Eifl «UrfiTi into ftnaio 
iwd» DMflAPict nri'l. &ir-. UrUirid iiml HiiuilinrKi nniH I'lLn Innnin mud mtf- 
Wjiit itnd; n-Hj^kin iittn Ihp flimr prmlurt* (irlicrcHU villi clin^mal' at 
|K>(m<h nnii nlilni^ An]]ihiirJo n<:lil, Lt yicliJi ikllpyliiU-* uM); LirtiCAciit ii)tg 
^Unovc; imy^daUo iiiLo furuik adiJ, liiller-i.liii(JiiiL 4'iK mtitEiunliiv ^f^^j 
IMfi^jliiic {hy yi'tMxi'l'i "I umiL^HUi'pLi ujid ■dpliuriii v^id) iiiln fijlivnlbn 
*nd u|«iikEiid 4did; nml Uirn hiet Hi)lh<i]Uivck (willi pArmidM tjf \iwvi aiid 
Kilpiturii^ vJd), liy Mii]L|d^ tiLkini^ u]> oKipgrm, ii oonvcrtod into bcmipLnin 
*cid. 

^ Albuiuon^ dbrii). ijueiH) or gelaijn litiLtuit ititU ^lilutu luliflium 
itcid Arid ijHiruxJdu uf riiiLii^iiui.uii4 yii^ldh u iliiiil|jkli» nrjiuiijiriii^ jiurllv •>( 
nntEtnd u.iii| i,\iH\y ;T lu-jd jirudiinl^. With <Ti*ii"i, iW i]i>iitml i*(in»m nf 
Ibn 'IJJiTitlfl'tf a>i»i-Efl of Ilie nldidcn nf rnrUin aridn of ihp flcrJcn 
JCII)'0\ Tin,, ftimmna nMcWo, t4lHJ'. propiomc ildide. C*ll\J", ind 
bDljrm liMirlrj 0[I*1!^, I'>gpt)ir-r ■»ttU til of 1rr1t<<r HlmuDrt*, tin- urjil 
porliiMit of fututriv ■ciiEi':, pE<i]>Ju(iJt, IjuLyriu, vn-lurlnuli', tnprnjai hjiJ 
brUKMo 4FiiU^ AnjUfjiPii, filtrin, null OTlfttin gn-vu Oin Bmn npu-lml pm- 
dupla. Airrtpting t-but tiiofirat l-woyiiJdc*! !mt JiiniH quaiitiliiircif jkldohvilff, 
«nd ihn ttijrd Eionf; butvrJo aldide Mtu^ mojil Abundantljr pr4>Jiic«id from 
flhnrii Til" nfid priidiir^l^ w«>n? jlJci nimilrxr, vii,K ibo oimptJaJi nf prn- 
pi4jnio opLd, w|iii>b wd« imt fonn^t, ^t<> lon^iNit portion of tin iaJ dJKldiaCA 
cunr<Lv(j.'il uf rDtiTiir ttiid Uf^lii^ ibQid; hulyrui nolil VD> oblAiJiiiid lUOil 
■LiiniUntlj' ffkiU Gl^rin, TAlorlmii^; bcjd ^m ^Inl&n: baniuic mcH «■■ 
prwont ibemiilJ ijnautilyitnJy.^TljcrtiJi'f liJEfietuim Irotwoou tbeEWtiouof 
pv^rnlMi? flf mjutpnoo**! nnif iJinl of (iljjnJiiio inid on tlipw auMnnaih, 
•|>jicar* lo be tbml |.h<* Forninr vtt^\iin AiruU. '- ff-. t'TipiD Ami vulinrlAiLi'i, 
ibc kiU«r» Lbd NifriJ/ra of Lliw lujib {wr^it*. p. IZTk: f<ir lij'iliX'-viDir 
ftvid umy ti0 TofinrdiNl a- fortnk nitrila |,VH\C"llO'-lHO=C'llN|, 

SitinkMUrjrer, inn. TA^r-Fn. '14, !\»i ■IxiL ^An. €af- llHS. tOt ud tU; 
ihr^jfr. l»4T-«» M47-«,t4.; ^ 



I 



iFi. Dtamipnniii'ii' &^ rA< Bnnic Orulet i^t/it Sleavjf iftfuh. 



Mmjt i>rir°')^'' OlfiTipnatidH vUbdraiv from luwin hi^vy oirtiiJIie utidiu. 
prwf ntft t" tb^m elihor in ihe free ^Uto or diiwlTi^d m m^id-, Mh» whol» 
ov 1 |«.rt 1^ ilkr^ir Diy|;Da» ^DUtAttuiae iim In iha <lark uirt at anlmuy 
tomfvmEit^ii'^ Hi»ii](<tiiiiiin imly wbiin nspuhud Ix* liifljl, utjidciklty to •iitoti 
tun-bui4i, fFTwlicn hiii-Ti»1, Thw iij.yy>" Om- Inif-ti uji uilU^r Win^'i llli* 
4iT(^iiir ri>mpniTn<l f'l 4 bighnt df^rro nf nyiLLirjiih, nr fnkiv aivny jPiLrt uf 
Iw liydrM^-eD, or dcot^nipotca i( Blil) oinri* oompJolflly wilh r^triijAlioii uf 
«vbaaif wiid. 

Muny of thuMF di^'t^niprxiiliLiiiJi vt nlmAtiA ileiJ otbn wblofa UJtP pbiCD 
only in lunahJEiJ^, ar on fbii Appli''iiLiu]b uf \iviil. tiiiA iii wfuob t!»c tlmbal 
ii prvbibly ooDwrlfl into HJi^^bjrdp, U%fi^ bi-nn klivad/ rti>iitJoii«d 
(L, 171). 

Tlio friide* of tLo ni>Mu iddUlU kto rvducwd wilJi ihtt £T«a,U*t fHilitj* 
kutI in Hi»( oiiM.H« i^iiMikHidly. tlwitiU o/ 0«ni«w. i» rprfnrri'il bj »li*nhn|, 
«tb-r, t4Riib.«pidDnriu(Vr,4(>7]i — cA^nrtf/viU af ii'n'r^'i"»*n by nxolid 
■Cid HhfMi nptfJitd W li?hE ^-^'a'liiU'rit-uf" by furmibt^^ oul&Uit, IbT' 
tn(M. ftlo^bot,i>r«njtiT{VJ., 'J»4X 

R t 





mcoicraitnoai m otfiuac ooHroinmE 








(«^ VI., ?1». t)^ 

r. A*. Utbk 

■ ■■iiC • ^v:ho df Bi M M i «t «h«r Mw m< ia hb* ohi ariik 




fUtartd*n, wkkk M« ««l7 altar l»«c ioiiw (w-^ BkMbw^ lU 

jr%ty.>%i7«>«i»^iHi.n«n«.i4, im^ >i»j.^.cJUk9*» i 

Ia b** fcv «vu)c «]pWf-rimtiT><K lb« whbw it nplwad U 

WD* i^&<b TbEi oiJ s# r^tk, (^m, M «BAtwt«4 iato vnAt of olU 

Paniik kail viiL ^ v4 i-f K<«i, rt4mm am My fMi wnwW 
*rbfr. aIb* frw ■MVHAW'iBCKitria tf bcctmit ahnte. *»1 Iktvn 
dwn fv^omffl &Hj(ii nlttioii vf CDrrnviva nlitnte OvsIkI« cf ua^ 
fiift lJ(A*i«v nOoOH coRWta tuhLisut* 1« flkltaiL 0>JHb add fVf* 
mU* tkfl maUl ffvta tavntn* aik^ «d4 ■■■■jufph Bitnl^, Ronttlv 
]AYiipkUlr*J cnrmnw oidil* ji*!^ with «WaW^ iPVUirw mronvj lai 

vftio Kid. Voladlc olb fBywu* nvUllW tttnm bva i»m<n« 
PUniA iiid dJoBftl fnn cfimnr* BvfaliMiMh Mb; lbHiu<h«t aa«*«« 
!«■ «Mtwted IbIo rtmiDB^ A BclelaoB of npr Bl « Uoliag biai, si» 
VBtti DMnitHc^ mUv or *»<Btn« m>0 nmRvmBi uiiIb sr 
•its jqt^limiUfi ibUi mJjinHl, Ukil prvfipatUH tbff tflvttl &«n 
niUUrt 

A« iqa««Di tolatlva «r mercunut utJ mcRorif nltAlo U|^«lbv« n4- 
dnj Duriy iuUibami fkb iu vitntfon, ibMj^ lliii ofTHt ia nai ■nii—i 
I7 *Ubar 1/ IhsB idto iduH, Gvhtiii. «ba ddluW U^iv 1^ iW Wb^ 
•nrvtiB.fflarDiia,aDJflbrD[uidMnbr*aH.>lbiuiHD,«iitliBr lipoid «r JrivJ,*^ 

ftM aIw dnunitj. jrialm (hhI tbvftfon fein dom ), bhuuI Mun« hn^ 
MkUa, *v4l. uJ fiilk, BAiikud <r laLud wiLb »ltitf«o of 

ilr<[irn^ whkb. Hi trnipfrtlnrvv bciwrvn *V' miil 40^4 ^ctpvaa 
ntot *Mi unanmh, Tbti cnJobriDf wrrw h »b TDdfcMiDa 
■M*M« of tbM* nbiia««t {d othtn. t, j^., of flaUn tn v 
[Tb^parplfl i?"Jniir «hui|clA^ to bl*<-k vLvn cifVHiJ 10 Hcbl* 
bpputad la ibe an^rtn by tolBtimi of nimt« nt mimtary, bM 
tnAirn.) Qqiailtt. dnttLoninn piproDii'L, viA aric «cid. Ma 
<faa1«iahD, vbicb coqUidi na nitrooflra, ^r* foLourfd jrtllow bj 

Slviv tfoloip, wbkKh Uvrmnl* lam* brfjwD, Nori-tMUMd 
lb lb* aieepLioB o^ ebfilailArlp). ■!« fyBtiruittIt, fJJkmakD, 
4nd vivt. »hi«fa «OfH^ a!lraf^> «^1^t do rvLinariw. (Laa 
Ubhlllir. AmH, £%im. /^y*. 45. -4^^ aln ^^ i^<j». Wii 7, >0t > 



■4 

1^ 




BT TIIE riXlD M-EALIS. 



153 



uC vugtf. wucCiiDDi eg ouprbuir uiidi^. ■uiuuLluiuit Xa |]i« uiuLatlic h[»U( 
Mmj orgiLmc cgmjiaundu ivduov /«rHf alU ^wjltfld in VrMCr ta 

fenvu ull*. 

ALeuliul, oil or tiirpoutlae, njeu. Jfun, uid p&fMr offuot (Iii« ndua- 
Ijou vuly kC u bulling Linic, uijrl |[ivd IpuI iiEipurri>c(J v^ Onuii, Iny, ahw* 
dii>L 1*1"] 'liin of wurnf, iirwlufo it iti till DuM. Via (umplflEnlj^ in ahtat 
thn* dxyn. Piwl slid rWrooiwl proiluce it rn )H iiKintny «t |dc>JJijid toiD- 

SmtDres hO'I in nn« nr t"o bnun ai a builms iHtt- (&tfinbt>uv>f i'AJ. 
tfjj. y> 7S. ]»ai klao ^M». /■^■irn. Jl, 3«1.} 

CvrUkin eu]pUar>c<iinfiuaDiK 'aoh ** ^I^Q uLI> <^' fivUu nnJ iuiiit*nJ| 
luvcuuvuitDLt U^ j^nuvic <tf trati iaUt uijuitii-cumiiuguiUftiilipLMiDiif toiJ 



r 



10, i>tf?cnp«Lfu]u b^ I'iad Atkatu. 



Tb& blkolic JU3t oltiijfly hj tl»ir iirvduipiiuiig affiniU fciip u1^ 
irlttivhv ilii-y ovDvcrl n^'n^AcM auliaULDCofl ittUt aoidd, «iid vcttk ■oidi 
iolo UttiFn vt aivTv jKiwvfl'uUf uid cbHrftcLcr, jf iLn otLJun lbk.« 
pJu* 41 4 liLUEi U]m|>i^raluEv. <4rli04ic tad U funu'Kt, luKVilier wjtb kucli 
vrt>TuiiK B<ifU M xri> muiL C0|HiLlit, whoii in couibiuiitioti ivrtli hD alknlu bf 
vitlfiilikTkdiTijt lii»t itflixiL iiF tu'.itr Oil hydfiKTwbunt iho nlkiJin ^^Rpfl httirt 
vr DO Aolii'D. o^orj at lt*^li (owporalujot, probobtj boobuve ttiMO budlon 
contdn Qo oxygen. 

' Ar Alknlu dii^Huid or^nifi cniapoittido to tako up oijgrm fmm ihm 
■Ir, thoroby fir»rtiiihj£ nrgnrlo nviAB, <<arhoniti nnH, und nthj-i yrvdiKlt. In 
thl» muiacTf muity contpooDrld wbiob arc hcmibncnt in llio bJi wKod 
•luna, ftT* dccoinuMiDd ivLeo eviABBd to Uiq «it in coDtavt *ritb fta 
■Ikdr, 

Whi^n afriihnl, cimtHminj! p^pLMvli iti ^liiliDH, in « [jhwoJ to l1i:< nir, 
AcctW hikI f^nTiic luHAit ttm lonmid Ingotltrr i>J|b a Lrown n^'iiniiiifi iai\u 
•tobao. GbliJo. pyr^^tliG. [ivi oLJn^'^a ar>i-l, -licfoU'OLL id an (Ufueoai 

tilt iiity lifvi uJlirtiiLLu! V nuiiviTt"J iiiUi ■ Aikl>jTljiii4u rennnblin^ Ijuiiim iLuid. 
Mvny i^rnjiyri-diiiutji? oilx i^uickly tun Lri>wtL m tbu a-ir wJn^n poiiub i« 
ftitded lo tlirm.— tln^mntnx^hii. tliv <t4r]i>i]rEng nmtriDr <rf li>gwi>[>d, uf 
vioLtCi oif WkJcd hcni\}. of smtl, and vt bloody and likonirt nlbii- 
mxit, wbmh wiiulJ ktvp fur ■ lonif iiuie in i]id mt if dEowhud lu ^ator 
«r, Biv c^uickly divuiripu*vrL uri ihu uddiUuq of pvliiab, (Cbuvnol, 

fvL du J/xj. iiiw. aitT; *J«- /"oj^. iT> no-> 

n. Onl of onnUoT of bif, ibo flttil i^nmljii d** 'Th' Io tlip Folb^ring 
mpuBiliuni, tti« uoLion boJn^ oflcn UBietod by tUo jiro«i.'ni^ of «o,tor, 
u. DccoidpuaiLiun or pplitiiiit^ of iho orgute tnmpuLind. 
«. A Pttdlml cnpTi«iin(! purtv wilh hyunt^q nod uiy^o in oqiiiil 
iiTnbnrA cf fttninii. and 'it ttuf^tt^-l into nn viJ- 

Ari ui|*iflftimiolutioTiQfgrtOT6ii^fj.r, (?'H'*0*' (or C^U^O^'Xiu wMcli 
bvJnie of llmo bo* Wn itin^i'lvrd. to cijDivncd, whuD m uidp f<ii' lomu 
Y»ki ill ■ rlow vTHnl, iiir<< Luriiiwlmrit btid, C>'K>^» (or L'"HHJ'), 





lU 



BKCOHr^siTroN or oroamc cwhi-oumds 



(aC^'H'Cor C^H^O^. (PtIiiEot.) |AcMTJing totta DBql«o-rtiiy,^ 

iiliME iii|kp4>h- itidT in rliLt fCKlJuUn LL pirrtiua uf tbo bLJgVD orlgHMJiT 

nhUmifJ ivic-lim tliu imuU^iu ^hphh la Uui imluil^u] 

^ Or it i» i^nnmrUHl inUi wi ndd hy ttiking up 2 AL bjiln^M uJ 
S At. oiycm. 

I»Ilu. C'H'NO-, boUvJ witb A^neouflpoluli* li cobtwuJ In* 
Itti'tuiti iM-tJ. C"Jr^'0*' Cuuujii>LMimp1]ur. C^1|"U\ pkHvl ia ikm i^tit 
lof t-;i|h»iir, uhJur JntnuHMl |iFiHiini In h clftMii] tuber, uior 4 bnt-Un ^ 
t-\iyiln,tt- Hrid liiiiv liuntthl in U»y, pruHniKa nmithalBt* uf poaJt 

^pobvl, furuid 1«DJi>y]&c add, C'll'\)', "LJcli uuitH vitb lb« |wn>k 
AiiuihueiIiih C*'1l*'0"', in n>i)vort«<l Ijj boilmi; uilh Ak|ueuu4 |ioua bio 
tnntiaiiiiD nevi, C''H"0^, sad ouDimnu, C'*U'0\ laUr cimtvvi aciiL 

^, IHflOonrffrtfli mtn nn Jiciil hjUking up S Al. oijjrfci from tW 
»lkafrri0 liydrtt«r D-oA pting nW 2 At hy^gto. 

I'kvf Iranffntmailiin ii wmulinm 0tfi»1cl hy inMAi of hydnM 
r^otAili in b »iu(o of fiuJon, (tie organlo flanipauna bfriii^ gmdaolly 
ta itr^^blnetiuoa hy iiiUBim uf uriUuh'liiiitiH «>' *rxl»'IJ|£ie (l c.. vi bl^ 
il* nixUm of viiuitl tnirU of biir&l ]iu» lad hyJnkU ot pal— t «r 
0ftdk fnod I17 i^foitioiJ ftoiii axiMiv of wBt4»r)^ nUich u nikaifUtwl *rhi 
'tiio Itqnld or^Dko r:ulw(jkiiL>p, ind thru i^ntly ^uM^oii, MoMt ^lili^w 
vhen Oim IrEalottn arc ouiivcrlcit iiilo EitonL'lwMC iiojdi bolofl^D^ to 6» 
umn ■vriu'- Wliun fill uF (^tUdr ftluuiudfi iv luiivfl w^(h hjdttM ol p«4*ifc 
in iJ]i> aUtUi uf fmiiuu, IwiiimIii dC p^tiuh ii IvniwilT wnT t At. hjuui^ui 

C^'II'O' 4 KO.UO - Vn*kO' * Till, 
on of ouanvaon jiiftdi flmuiiDiita of potuh : 

a-H*i]>- KUJJO - t'lt^Q><Vll, 

lUiirlouftdi] ji«ldB alit^liiurof potuhi 
DmIaDJ ^lolda ei)niia«ia vr potiufa: 

wv vulnitDte JEI fur IK. 



\t in ibp«p fflrmiiJir of the jHitnMli<*A!l«, 
ObBalD (he fLtmiuliD "t Ibo fr<?o fLririi- 

^ Tlia ituoEnl wmpoiifiij mnj likcwtH bo c&Dtvntd lAlo ab atU bj ' 
IilVieiIt up S At, uijf^iiiit wlillt! 1 Al, bjrdprgnii mn rrttlird, f At W 

wUicb TjiiJL»Eijf (n tb<i rucriiitunil itM<]f, 

■luin^r ju«( dcvcri1'<'iJ Ut tlio A^iii^oA SVoi"! ipirlt. 0*^*0*. uiJ liyAnl* 
of lAlubp KUhJIU, i>ruilijcii rufiiiinto vf jM>Ut«b viib avolaliDH of 4R 

fiiiuJWljr hlouliul ^JnloK UDtJlJtU! uI puljuh . 

C-H'O' * KO.UO - CU'KlJ'. I II, 

futl^jiQ y7tJd« iLl«nt« «f pf)vA -. 

C«<1l-tO> <■ KO.HO — C"H>Ko< • iM^ 

8*l^Biq Jidda ullfrjlnU of potuh j 

C>'ll*0*< KO.HO ->0'H'CO'.«M^ 



EtluU ificltU utiisUttf of potvb 1 

C"Jl*Ki»-K<M10-C«a*K0'+(ll. 



13^ 



(MBip. Dgmu ft Stat, AirA. Chim. Phyt. 79, 10»,)— ^"r furllmr ol»*rvn- 
ikU on Lhi* pujiil, nif. MethfUr fthttr. 

i, J)c<!onipotitloa alEoruLed with lUviilou «f tUo arjauiD ^^nuHtiitiJ, 
.1. Kijriiialii»[| uT bn flftil ouiupoiunl M'liiab uuiloit witli Uia nlkftli, Add 

of pr>C(uiU; 

fi. Puriiiit[iL>i] (if twv ot^pji'm w'fh frtim 4 tinnLriJ nmt mi lutiil orjifuaio 
ct»qjpEtiincL 

WJirn rcruin vrguSo iirjile, oiintftioiiif 4 contiJcmtilD uuiulict at 
Ctkri»m-al<nat. itv iaur{%t mtemponUirv half 20U'. wrlli about fmir Uimia 
cLuir wi:*i>;l>i "f lij^Jnla of i-uiLutL, cIil'V hju tuM'lvudi wiUioiiE luty 
IfJu^Wajiiu^H iiitu Lwv uuId i?o»1diuiii(( n aiiLullui nuiiiliur of anrlH'n'jitijntii, 
Thiva twn nfi'i'U. ta fur v ii .v^I kiir»vii. uv almj* hxkJio 4iii] [Loet>Q 
moii\. f)Mrhi[u< bprrkimn ihtHf ratn|Kiiin']ji vjth flxod aIIuIU an nioro 
(«|fiLlo tlikn tl»o »nlL< «f ony oilier orj^io ftojtt, of btaripd; ^ iil'ruoc 
lu»l ifvtiljiji4i j4<ixtmpi«kSi>u, 111 iiine mu^iluLe Oio blumi of uld uri^iUAl 
Mid nrv nuniL'Irriiiv iii[D4;ri;tir t'> form tlio twti naVf lU^idii lotricClPM^p An 
tliv eoruv}'. Uin ri'ijiiuulu MiuuitlLy of ox^jferi iJi irtii'ld up frr^m llin mttr 
0»Blun«d ifl ihft hydmM of pvtJiiib, tlw hydmc^n prnviniixEy nnilrd vitb 
il tviV^ibJiC in 111" iniai iif gM; BQinfltiij|«» s^n tho h^JriJCitn mid ol^proD 
of ttio waU]r<HLl« ibi> now oaii:i|>uujiiL m ouuil] iiumtfoni uf uAumd, In 
tbit moaacf, CuriLfia ncid it tu^dvcd mUt i At^ ucotig jiud 1 At^ oiulifl 

Muda scUtyi«UIt 3 At- KB(ia Dad 1 At citlic iictd: 

Niljr Hcid Uke« up 3 ACh oxygon, bjiJ utwuvtrl^d into I Al lu^tl? ami 
1 Al «u]ie icEd ^ 

GtHe vrd tnliu up H'Q', and ta eoDVcrtcd knta 3 At- a«etlfl uicl 1 At 
oiMlio »(tid L 

Soffinie icif! t«hH up O^imrl irivldA 1 At anrtiD luirt I At- oTolic add I 

Many DUD'ifid ■.'ompoundt alK, wlicn mlTod with ffiTir nr tl'f tlm^i'i 
iWir vrngbl of liyilrato uf puijiiEi Ahd n until n-itkiilhy of watcr» ftid 
ni«nl to ■ imupEimLimi fiLc Iml'jw rudiioui» rwpidly jri>u uff liydioffpn, 
ud coDHqiirmty nurfll up Alnm^ly, n-Eid yinld. witlmiiC %ay LLnt'Limirj^, 
* TO«idiia vbjvH^ lypiislnlinji of ottiliifp' itj^ poliu-li, 

Suvb » ilia I'BH uUh «^oiijiiiou niifivr. milL-no^r, eLim-iLrii1>li'. tmrch, 
cotEon, Hiwiiu«t; uW witU hiLL. hIim\ aitd ur^c a^M, wyoh^ h4<w*nr> 
#irolT« nmninri'iK w widl im Itydro^iitip mud li?tLi'i< ciuI'viiilLu uf pitLuili uml 
cyftDlJo of poIoHiqin h «oJI h (riLaLLtu of |NjUub- KydiuUi uf tudi. 



k 



Mta likp pdtiuih^ mrTiDPiiIfl of pulub whh tiiriftriD ttciA, 9mA ou-baul* 

nf 1iii-,i^ \', nil <i:iT.-1k 1I0 »Dt yi^M ntaUe ocl'l. If tbo hmt be Mill— i 
an'l ;.'iii-l<iitHir . .1 Ik.], i\,n A-iuAf nf ihc n^rvlau of poUuh prcdar«4 h 

I", /fJH )— -SVinni I.yeopDiiii tnul i:i'!i^, fu-cJ wrcli li^Jmle of fitmk 
likmriflo j^idd ihioCii> AfliJ bui iko otilio. (Mimprnti. Jnn- /%ma. 5I» 
171 ui] sso,) 

i^iticro in^r, ^m, ilAmb. ami ll^ln, may b« r^trdiT'I «■ ' - t>HV 
(tbc H km] O wlijch im Jctitiuut tei *jBIV ui Itrnc #iLrnpuiiitiK ar* #u^ 
,^lwd froiu llio wiitor •>{ Itm li^ilrucv i>f |HrtiuL}. lliD luniiativii of Ih 
)jn nrjil IK nmnt miiliEy vkptvitniJ hy naptHimiOg lint xH° »rt cvi4>«l 
'ioJi jO* mitnr fnun tliii umtor, m> tliot j^C'H'O* arm ^tvdntnd, Tbt 1^ 
DMticin nf ftiptJp BPul, CII'O*, H ftill moT* la-iily f^plflJuaJ ; * ^^ a»» 
•lURLr, CH^O**, roiujro* only (La hd^iitLua of ''lElO to HfiTni il inw 

Whf»ii bjdnl* flf patvh hi jmiitH tiuintitjr acta qpop aDgv, Ac. 
Iinmifl vid lm rnrmnfl iia ivnil jm nKjJin utiit iiftotid Mid. 

When 1 pitrt nf rELnpfliifrnr in vlilnl U thr hnilihj; nnrvrfltntpd <dI» 
l>an of 3 pu. hy'Int« of pouub, hjdFniroD du it nyidfy mtrM. >^ 
^mpDUuda u« (nrrnoil of LZio poVulL wiLu QkFbor;!^ fi>FUilc> Oi^kv BCiiK 
hni] (irajiiuEiIa uiiil, C7HVH lu itui Tuuctiim. lbs Imi a la«^ bvcMi* 
ninm wiLtur if iiftiJinnt. In tlin riM inMiuiuit^ pHrbjipii, tba «iilj pndiiil 

cnL>"o^' to - fliio « ICO* tSL^'U'ci'v^^it'ci'- 
Diir by tho loLlun of ttrorii^F bent iJi punirMilir piLrU of Ili4 mlitur^ 
foiiiLid acid jlilJ uiijic Dclit iru elIju pfi^diiniJ, 

•Y. Twu aUMim af uri luiicl yiva uCT V Al. wnivr uij V Af^ rur^tok 
*nriL mill nn* [Mutvnrtud inbi n vf>]»kti]r nrnT.ml nnnjHmEiii (■ kirlflO*). 

Many n'liiiprain^ili nf a ni'^Tiobn*!^ acid w^lb 4 Atrd mlk^i, in Mffl 
Diinibt^rs of alonii. tio r<'4r>|irci by djy dJaldEiiLloD int* & nai^M W 
mlkHlloo oafbi7iiiili> bud a dijljnalu uf kt'Lutio. Tbiu, t Al^ «Va<k nil 
■And 3 Al^ liu-^Lt. yn^IiL aftuf ilitjriiti^lL ilryiiij;, i Al^ ilrf antelt^ 
bmylih, ttjib tfvulutjEtn ih(^ Ae, w-atcr:: 

uJ thcH ("0 ^tfl^lt k>r bbrylA viLl an ntolrolt fel k nd Ima^ fakit ff Ai- 
iarbunaM of bftryla iind [ At lufJlonc ; 

flliaUu-ly, forlhi otbvr kotono^M •Lovd hytbo fnllfiirinj cliipttHi : 

tiki* C H O C H O b*» 

ArtdtHU - a H «-]fCO'-ittD= a a j a«ah 
FhyigidtkU « II It « „ » ID 10 R ftp>nmi 

SgtHt' *<->-1 -IB LA I » - LI H E UaljiHi 

Tilirfa^ tLiJ - VV :fO S -IHIt J ViknM 

Ubfint: kM - AM M ■ .. ■• 4f» Kd > ^v^n 

Y By brcJmg lo^orbpr iho f r>Uuh or khIk h^Iu of ftifftnal 
■ddrib baBon** of Inioriikcdui* c^mijitAiitna may bt aUuot 
■uMn tt MHtM* uJ fudifc uid talvnliV irf pouill lb i^iliT^I 



BV THK FIl^T) ALHAIIt. 137 

liciu, yioU*, vhi-o hmtecl, a liquid h*»iog kII iht pfojiffliiMi of * kolon*, 

Thii tubHUiQgt ivtWdr^utty iDtumiodialfi in fompOAiliuu bolwuB uotooA 
•ad t«krva»i 

(WillluDwn, C^Wm. Sa€. <iu. /. 4, 234; nU KttmM.) t 

1. Gnu iktriih uf ha lu^jil mniEi^ly hfinlfiri willi ■ ifrmit ninnn nT Hry 
fliodalkaJi, in mwlviKl in S Ae, cnrl>oaic oold kutl viu^ir h^iim^pD ov a 
vgUtilt. nr-uUat ar)£«nk ompu^kiid.^Bnrylu urid hme u« luet luIa^UiJ 
for thlt puijiutd, muii^iJi:li u ihvy i-ita L» iuupL tfinUily ^iLrUUiuJ ju tbii 

Tliui tlte fuUvwinij IratuionuiktiDua are prcJuAidj wtib Iuh erf £COS 

C II O C 11 

feff&k4dtd — H t t Inia ltjdh)tfii(ta* 't 

AACloJldd :^ 4 « 4 ImI^i Mjir*lt pi4 — 9 I 

Bn««c tdd = U C i lii[4» Dp<t«ol =' It 1J 

CumwnH and =- IB 8 t biU i:bii'iitiiii.iw = 10 A 

CnmliUn >^^ ■= 31) 19 I hnfit CnrKfiHr — lA U 

Ed llinw ronctmnep a liyilnxvirlrnii i& always fifnno'l ndiilitiitiiig C* li^nt 
tfahii lh« v'h\. mid ihHrcfijru ^jIilc^lI mitg itn^tLfi^ luwr ih Ihfj *eiklc. Tbnn 

C*il*. beloajihiiA !■> ibc m\n ol njti)iyloDO)C*ll*. J^ci» I'urmio ut'ni. aLuriv, 
Vhloli llHtr 1»liiii|;i lo ttio luwcat UhliT iiud iM>FiUiin< itcily 2C, wliii-b li 
VnllrcW fkjh-ilJl^J fti llii' rurijiuiiuii uf ^Ln]irDtii uuiil, SOQ' . cbuuut yield 
any liydrucairfniTii Jmi oii!f ^H in [Jn> rp<io iitiLto. 

Affci nitfotclniiUiio. C"H'X=C^*trNO', ^fcinTi ia i»Mnprit5 nitli an- 
(Tiranilin lup'A, li rntnilvt^y hy i^nwtknD it in iJia 'talo of Tftpoar over ivd- 

vtii^'L It a[ju lEiiHUiMivriD witli anlhraEiiL^ aoul, ytufilcL. whvii Lhui Eri'iLtail^ 
rrry lilLiu aniCinv. bul cliivlly iLiiiEuuiiijL jwiil plicuauA nid, CH'O*. 
[HofEuanp and Munpmtf, ,inn-'Phirm. ft3, !2S-) 

Juiit An, iji tl]« (1i<riitD[ii>ail]Dii il uulJLnuiUii nud hy fliftrl dkalin^ h 

oinehuDina, auJ tLrytliniiip yJi'M uiihCJim ei>o1i alVal^jM, y'lt.. '\mif\\h»!, — 
wilh tb«e dtOaruDcatp Uuwv^er, rii.p Unt. \\\bt, in 111:4111 <if an unliyJrum 
klkdir Eiylntlt ur potitfJi ia r«4|uir<Hl, » tlmt iL* i^'nlf-r may furpiBli nt-yi^a 
f<iT {^iq rnrlmnio ftoidj aid epcdcdlv. tLat, biuiidiu tlin liyij'ii&riic] (fI Uiih 
wntor, iHydronm tf likpwJra cvpiKmi frDiii Lhii '|niiiii>'', £n, itnidf 

'riii>w iiiOBobulc 4(ida *\ii-:)i roiilJiLa Ai, nty^ijii [iw<i in tfto 
xmcltfui ukJ fvuf cuUJdr]. [ik>^t^i^ ^ii^lJ, when iil'liUud with dry 
iitod Jilkrilii", Pot -1 tut fliily 'i At- c^u-Lmiic ■J.-id, tL*> tvTij^Lmij^ 3 At 
oJETg^ mkiaiumff in llto nfiH ciiin|>uii»d wlm-U y—* ftt <>i vaptjur,^ 
Sblt^li** acid, 0'"T-r"0^0', distilled witU tiwwii af Itckrytik, yjiiljji pb^JiiuiiH 
aftil. C"ir,0'.— Apinic acid, C"H'0',0^ yiold« am.nl. C''H',0" K^nn 
nliryltu cif mulli^'l, C^Ii'0,C^Ji"0^. vlikh It metaioarlt vitb uiitc Held, 
jipliia tlm mii[<i cuiniktunJ, *-iii,, aiiit^. 

A ALniilar dnxrnipnnitKjrit dopnbdm^ niily irii llio fDrntatiDii nf fatbnpir 
ulil, 14 tcjiDi>tim», tLoujfb nroly^ pnidrm'] b thi« wvt vay — Lw noriti, 




C^H*0',boJItHl«iihbury[u-W]iiiflT^iold«oafboB*laol ImtyiA, ^TkO»{ 






J. All K£cit'iin<l urpfuiic cvoip^iuiiiiB, »1i«ii lr«4ttJ wSlh 
nqiiAiiDa lixnd jtlk-tlia, in b mannnr ■dapivi) to lliiiir fv^ulivr paiwv !< 

Coin |tr4 urn U funtjiinii]^ LllFujj4.-n In iLu fumt of «D)rlnfon, k^qipp hH 
■ *h|;tiT bcalinj* viEJi o^u'eoua potjuli to toptntifl nil iti«lF uliri^ea In lb 
fortii of iuiuvuijL K^r oath ulom of njlrufino which llwy cunUJB. >a 
nioia uf Biumuaiq ■* nvoEv«], qnd i At, iribrr lula lU pUn*; and v 
«aEiihi]ijiliu(i irilh iIia pofji-h llanrn h-mjvlini an itriii Imvin; tLn ibibi 
fHitii^iiAttLoM rm ill? ainiH'ii^n'mEniifxin'l. riHfilinE that iO* nr tfO" lit 
iiccn luUiiiutcsi for I Nil ut eNlf; iha oful UkonW «4Conss ■ on 
ftf ftlonu oC potuL fruml tu Llia oaubcr of kliiut uf Ktiuaoftit ■tbJ¥«4 

Thai. uiiLEtiiii JuiiJ, C*H*KOV tm^lfid wilh uira^of aiiiii 



yi<iM», with dL>cTiE»|HuiEiiiii ctf SfHfi, «n*Jin iiaiiIh C*H'0', U)4 NH' (x 
mnra ib^i jpiuduDt i* not uEiihUj fm onlJO n^d, biiBat*J«U fff H<i^ i 

OiADE^da. OiE-N*0', li r«olf eJ. wllb dfi»iD|KidUon oi tllU, info OKV 

c*H*N^ . jHo . mo - c^'o - nm*. 

OtW aimj)ouiid>» which 4a not «iiiUtin niLruEOii Sn 1h« fomi ri 
vpTdDgitfB^titUtfo mill fflyivtcailH for «nmplp— «ithir iin otf t<4 ub 
frbob Iniln'J mtli lUfoiKtii^ pftJub, nr yivUl h Ttry •Idw'I^ mini Im 
qoBDCilf, h> il»Lt. ftfUT M<vrrft1 liititrv' l">i]tiijf. tbpn flill tmnHBt ■ ailM- 
fjoaaui rci«iJaf<, puot nn k^Win, ■llkumcti, ur Abrm 

But till kiiAiii'il ijr^ai^' ompuuiMli. in wLaIcibp quiMililf Sltl !■ 
*baWvLir alMu Ehn rjild^n Emj niut in tlihDi, ii*n it vJT noiplMilT it 
tllfr EoTJA of laiTiuinik, trh'^n tktry ntii hvmti^l to trdnn with k wflfliM 
nVHt of a rMilurc <if kiVHLFttli> nf pnlJMh or wtn ami irtibkKvik 
fUvMUiWL J. ft .(Mm. f^ 331; V.fnioin|'p A WlU, Jan. '^ 

In ihi* rrvlK'ti, Urn □irjPHi of thft nUr in lb« hjJlMiB of 
biiruri tltnl portioq nf thn utrUon whifJi Jiim net darafw bi -nabnaltM 
*tUi hjnlnii^, mnil CoiiTATU U irhnllr into r<ivrliitnift nr^il] fhilr ll* 
hrdngcQ of tUc aAior lUhc* wUh Iho nitrnno v)A tnnut mmeumtK 
if lilt ai]fuii« OAiii|ioan4. hko ryuipgn^ muoA, kn<! dH« uid. io« 
iSOl flmlHD v^tliin iimiU » qaulUj of hjdRttVB tuTtieini fi* Ibii 
iMipOMi Tbn pnt nf thn }\y^tnp'a rmtvpr*. nilJivr m tb* fui fpr^ 
,1»A«9 hjdmiTPn, PiAr^h-fvi, nr nlrftanl-jj^ws nr in thn forv td m\j vt 
Ennplioni^al hgrdnfluboniu tuck u bn^o 104 DwblbaliD' Ob lk« 
Bnl aiFplkMlw «r iK* liml^ tTmilil* uf poluitum mJ rygni* of p«bah 
Birir ha fwrnnt^ bnl «l ii «■! Ml,aMil ta oMivt with t tugkiwrt «>«•■ 
of tiTUt*** pT pctaab, tbno «iBi|vaDdi u* fivuipJif^lj oanrtaJ bIb 
ftDminifc inJ rvrbfuiii^ iciil (VATmlrup & WilL) 

Annnonw mu U obuiofd ccn mnn ■ uitntf^ bj iftlllH *1lk 
|vlHh buh iwffUwl dM a nua-MDtiud oitl^ak htAy ht> adM M lb« 



M 



BV TJIG flXRD ALKALIS. 



139 



niitvn; Ijm il h gulvwben the l^tLor m pptwiit in nty frnt ex<»u 
iteCtba vbokof the Dltrv^en l« jrh'QD ofT id tlio /ixeu uf HUiiuoDiiL 'I'Iimb. 
1 U* oitn wtLh S aiiKM violil* ualy 033 ot ttiii ifUAuEity uT KibEiiuniin 
■bjob ftbimlJ bu ^inn^ if 4)1 thtr uiEriii^iEi 'it Ow nhria miiil «'4hni [-eiH' 

uannEiia^ ta-Lirh i* ii'>t t|uitr f of [liv irhnk>, {VtncnEcspj* Hi Will,) 

On itiJi ontirp iiavumoit of tbc niErOi^ii of orbtJiLJu oom]ioiiuJ« latu 
ftmBHUi^ it foti^ifled iLt pructti. IJioC ifivua Ly Vt-troittfApri & WiU, 
fut lit* iWt«niiiDBli"i] (t/ iiiiiiiiiuiin. }^iilj>uuijrriUyi Will aliuwu^l lAnyi. 
AtersL 4lk MX IhiU im AEuiituUDi in ljeviih ujl' whva tiOD-BioCiwil 4»r^nia 
caa^umU tn hattod with pntr ktHU-liriiQ, mriEmry to ihn ataUtnrnl of 
[Lri*vi (11,. «i:p), who uwl in hirt pir^HincDUs u ho Aficnru^ ftiUDiJ^ 
ioiJa vbicli Wirt c<iiitamiiiSiteil nith nitmU^ 

Of rftrlwuiLli^, i^niJuriT r> iiiululhp nyiLLiiJn in ihi' rcBiJui^. ^'im uburcmL 
Wn r^gon l^ic ^knli lu ihf inrljilJjr jiintii. utiit llui rriliirD'l inntul Ukm 
up (wo othnr Hum* of cnflxati And i Ai. aiErD^u in ilio fono of ^'j'Vio^u , 
llie m«u])io &i74ixicle \t aIsq formed when bydrfe(« of |Kil*ah ii uieJ, haX 
d UuM »uWULUi« \t id onona^ i[« wuTiir tPiidiJOt llie t^ibun uf [lm 
Cjam^M uu furtLor ijt;biliun. iruiEvurLJnjf it iutu curbuuia uruJ< tiiiJ tl^i 
uln^fl fo» oir in tlm furm uf viLnioiiJa, 

b. Orffanui C'totymtf/d •."mtaininit ChUtrlti* urn i-iiiO|itt<lr1y <!ororii' 
poieilU with fbFTiiAtkun njf moULllic i-lilurMv, wIlpii ilicir vufiutir i* pUHfJ 
Ibraiiih * rol'hot tubi' flU'^il wiih limn, On the* runtriLrv. wlitii Iniloil 
nk ii^tmu Bilknlin. najnp of lhfui> fnii>pf>nndf. turh ah C^'H^\ rwnUiiD 
ijg«attpnfc?j; othm, narlk u C"H'CL*, li-^n a ih>nJDn «f th«Lr olilfiriu»; 
•Ibn «^h)<p V OlfCt, gtvo up tho wbuJoL 

Tbc wXksh fillhn ikbutrui'^ hydrir^'>Ti lu ilto Amcr ounibpT of ntDms ai 
cUDafBtt,» (TiiiL Tivdrochlorio uid is in fnot wittdriLva^ ibtul a uicUllJD 

c^i'ci'*iKo = c"i:»ci«*aitcu,uiti. 

QUVDMliIlb. ninnhiiBDili. 

OCifaJlAUL tbklilf tf 

tho a)[»itTnAt<*d rJilnriiin !« raplA^pd l-y Oio 4^f tW n,l!caJi, ,ind 
sf. Tl ttnd from i\w whut pmont color ilm oohiiioildlI. — Ad 
tylc iif tbi« luoilt «f ftotjon Id bcvu in the tnn^funnalLun of bydro- 
itcnii athvr by potuh iuLu uJoabuE imd ehloridd of Btlcturri : 

C-ll'Cl . KO- HU - C*U'0»'^hCL 

Olr Id plMV of t1i>i nlwlrv^tdd tbloFJEio, nn ncfiiul niitobpr of BlDm* of 
lAji^DH fnml tbo alk«]j <tnlft7H l]io ountpoaQ*! ai>d tliVD hImo an itl^m trf 
ifaa alkaji itself. ChWo<fioii»iiyb If^^itod v^jtb imiCLnk yioldji IjqQiDBtu 
tiTpDtub *ftd ehlorldc uf fioiuaiuui ; 

Ckitun'^utni bi4En1 with ar|ucoiit iiaLadb In a cliriod tubo (m h toiripnrBtvro 
■bom KKC. yield* fonoiUo ot |i(rUuh and «bk>ridc of poUiuiuiu . 

CHCi* < IKO - cmKO* . 3KCL 

iLiiil b(uitEin0'(vmi|)uuiidii cxUlliit ttudlftr rolitiua* I6«ud* 
111, 



MO 



OteOUl'OftlTIOPJ OH OKCAHIC CDWPOUalM 



tat uLd Miiatituoiit wliidi liable* with the oJluli, aad t, tuM-^A foum 



IT- Detiumpoaititin4 by Ammonia, 

Muay (jric4EUC tUEUpuundii, hulL m^JhI aiiJ ubn-viud. whvtt tfiatod 
dfliUiu ciruiiTiiiiUirki^fl with miiEqiJiiiii, Ivrm with it iMioaiiftr ail 
mnipiiDrLdA, whieh, for tHo mont ]4n, Hi* ib>npiBiiMbid .t—iiliajirH ii 
|j«iiibr#, nr <4npv/.<#; ilig vfioii i« Jkrifiaildl iklh wefvnthm tit «aUr (tf 
<if bplrvrb1<jrl(? or byiLnt>rDmiD txAA, tt tfae MVHoJo compoml naUiB 
loiUiio vr brQttj]jLv),^-lEL tutao <«««, li ti mnleiAl la lc«va ibtH^giH 
VDiapoauJ fof 4 wkilu in cunlvit wltL kimuuEiiAAl ^ui, f>r vilk MipvH 
or nJootiblip ikiiiiDiiiiin; c. p;,, Oil uf Bilinr-rklniunLbit Cbloivbentijt. fW' 
turtA- — In I'thnr ciHm^ thu □□ulm) nr nciil unntimn-^ll «# ■• afHiif 
oriH 14 rirntit^\y hnlod. — In othor rjur^. aeain. Ibe viil qmq vbtn iW 
■mmonJKfJ jiu or iu lolution Lu ubtululD 4irirbul li ta votb, i* eivQ'rffta^ 
luto AQ auLydrSJe. wbiub lluni» uu Iidlu^' auhjiwEAid tii ttia itftinii «f «»- 
niuutUn fliiliur jfiviTH up uu whttir^ qh ib (bit 4'jihi wjUi Limrictp, or ■ nHlta 
AUdilipr i>r htutDn □( wntar, «j ia Ibn nuv with SunKiaiD ■iib^rid«.— Or i 
OffObeuad otiior (of iba iblrl olut} f<)nno<i witb u uid wid aJcuL^J a 
vofld-jpIrLl, u brought in fontoct witli kOLiDouia; ibe aJftobnl ■• iW 
touriKlaiwJ, iiaJ au Kuii4u^u-cit|]||juuuii ronuflj^ — in ibu Duiiiitir, Cho^ 

SuiKink i>lIi»T yiuLiljc HuoninH-inEtbi: 

TliA dompciuiubi tfidA fiiriiinil aif miim-livu^ mvid (tnti> 
«imii^tiii>rA MiiiEmf, M^rnrTinii'ii Ht-ip, (lit lnflt'nipnl>'nipd rvn^iHiundt Ci^ 

Acrnivlkiff tu lEir iintui? uf t1j« ufA^ittf compoucitL Moi Ibc oaabw rf 
Klonia uf ihni ('4iiti|.uiiqil. unJ irf imiiLciikJU wliurb iu( fl|]on tuuch olbar.Ml 
lliti rkuiiib<'f i>f aloQi' ot WAtar «cp9n4fld) tlid foUawiu^ «M*« oaj bt 
iti'itin^ii'biMlr 

a, Urifi Rloin of u ilitlrto (amknlAQdirif frffnifkJJ/ bj i|i*| tun 
iiictc IjodiP* TvliLab inny IiD n^ikhtAd m nunpOLiDdi of « priautir ■ 
i4.-«urLilAr_v kucli>i» Miili ^O) uL^it ufr ] At. HniuiTJiiik. nad fanna t£ii» 
wilb {3 At *HU't ihniiif Mk]hmind) Mtbnrib iiilrct)f rit-tncJun (fOdUWu 
N VI iiijii]i)-f VH oiitAidr, r>r vi ■nikHnjr''i^'n'^^<^>i' <*< '^-- ■ 1>iretfiqB iD vIm 

Kn of ih? byitrfi^n mfey lie i^onihltmi u nplmd bj ftin£ilo(«n=KflV 
ibij ««o SO lira FD^jJaiwil Uy >'II^ 

111 ibj' PLBuniir, tbu foUuwinf InuifunialiuiH sM pfvliuvJ: PkHi ~ 
luii] iula miiUuD: 

fiptiiii hi[i> limipbvufild: 



VT AW 



Ml 



fi. I At, at % Dionubu^iQ b.-tJ foontUDinK 4 At^ oiyfrfn ontaidt tho 
1iti4'|4-ii») likiiH'JBir UiLv? iL|j ] Ar. uiLiiMiiMii^ ■Dphntio* V Al. of v#tpr, ftoil 
ia lL<tfckl>y naPVO'Lvi] inici s '^(tniri'xiui] at ah ^jmAugifH-uiiolita wLtli 1 Al, 
oiTcrn (r.a.,9ia eLmiitnpen^MMo). In Ihia riMie iJidE Al.O*» mpliMd 

■mmumik) i&to otilunuvtwuiitB! 

Lutae «0l<l (ukJ itt (be Tufeu uf l.'u-Eitld) ia F'>Tlv«rtf:J lutu tdteUtVlldttl 
Batyri« n^t'l [I'; (mihimg Iintjnf^ etbor wilIi vnnniiiK) btu RuC/mniidff: 
AJirylin nnld (hy 1i<*ritii>5 vnlloyliln nT aniTdi>iitji~} iii1<> Aftlii^yUmiclii; 

laiHjplIc leid ^y lna.tiug iudif^Ute of moUiyL wEtb ammoniA) lolo 
Aniumiiln; 

CblontD^tAni into ChlnTiLnjkaTnJj«: 
C=H'<:'l'y0V-Ci'IIAJCP0',O')»MI»-»llO-CaK*CPW0(— CAJ^I^V.fl*). 

e, Odii Al. of n LiLiLuiti uid (eoQUinlDg Al, ox^jceu iiuli^tb t1i«< 
BdolviUJ^ M'itli "2 Al. nrnitmiii^ yu^ltu 4 Ac. walur, ililiI rrini nn uiulilirvKii' 
»ldidi> (»,'-< n *iil)>tiiiir4i ivhii'ti mu._v ^[^ fT^pinKi^I lui u riPii]|]ijuthI of aD 
UDldoeeD-DdClriit ytxih i^At. nxyjfnnjr In ihAt cuo, 40 uttj r^filoood 
by irNIL 

Tbik^ uuJur iwrtalu nnumflbuiou^ OiaJio MiH is nonfivtoJ inbo 

FmnHTtc Uf iJ ioi" KuniBtntmdff: 
Huwroio Hjd int«^ SiiooiiiainldD: 

rn^n* 1 = c»H*n-,o") - INK'- 4HO c* (■«">TO' ( - cm'WiOWJ^i 
PyroDUHo DAd ititA PfmmiiAmidt; 

HuflUi iMrid iiit,u Mucoiuidu; 

Orapborio vad into C^i(H|iUuEvtLid«; 

t^B'Hr i - (;»ll''0'.i>^ -■ SNU>-4l]0 - C^II'WpO' ( - C*a"AiiKfi.<f). 

tL I Al. nf ■ bibuin axi'iA with I At. ammnnia fitrniM « D}r»Dobtoic 
wd. wiib fllJialoMion vf only 3 At ivul«r, Itofo 30 uD ri.'u1iicis(I 
byNH. 

fd Ibiii msanvr. OxiMa Add ii ounvcrlfld into Onni'ie luid: 




DEfi:iMroKiTio?i OF OBOuric caurorTVM 



4 i At^ oFu jna:iub)uio luid tritb I At. umm^tn^ jidM % At* mtm. 
ObJ farm «ii nrniitiipm-Hlili<Tiv whiMi nimlaiK' funtviui ftrioo aa ^hj 
sComfl of ArLinn ftnil if itic olhfr iub«ttDi:ri' m ilic niiril'nH. u tW MmIhi 
«f Iht u)U. lo tliii oiuo. 40 uihI UL um nplufJ hT<iDlr IX. 

HimilHrrf. ! At, OpihDiD kiJ inlo Dpi&iDuDa^ 

^^ I At. uf ■ btltiuic ufii] witb 1 At. funiTiumii roniii an 
nucli^iu. Willi HiiuuCiua off Ai. wu<<r, Hun 40 bud J JJ jim 

Sucoiniii uiM u tlit-rLtl'j wirwn«J Ent<i ll4*D«ninaDiiil»; 

CIMO" f = Cni'0»,Cr) ♦ Nil'- U30 - CTl'SO* ( - OT1«jU.O^ I 

riiLliii]l<^ uin inlo Ptickfclirnjilu; 

NolLilift tcid intn Fiuuizii<lB: 

1ti Itiiji Init HVf, iIlii i|iiiiii(itv cif hjrdniiftiii ui too ariiiJL b^ 1 Al In ■dntl 
4bii iLivULntilEftp thai jmtmiuiiU vnnbuii* iimidi»fOD : thtpi cifvuiMtudi, 

fi. ] AL of b nL<HiL>bikiic mM inV« up 1 At ftmiuonla, yieSJing «Al 



3 



!■ 9 Ali «f UX vJilid^ by tnldng up 7 Al kiniiioiijit, Inm } Al 

iM^un'l of 3 Al nlLnr^n at livilro^n villi ■ niiclMi* «liirh U ihlit 
tiioiM V gma u IhM vt Ibu' irrit^'lnikl hlrlide^ lu iki« g««, CO «* 

itpliMd \^ ^U. 

vaxemd bto Pnr/iimmMp; 4PtI tbl* cnm|>ouml» tIidd boiloJ vlUi *i*r. 
Itubln FmlttfJ Inic amULoitin uihI furrurul, Lirl bv boUnie wilb polu^L 
U UQiuWijilfll/ cDuvcrlcil iolu Fiirfiirmc, bo tlbbl^iit itatanit vil 
furfumbMiIp, 

B!l1*F tlinatiH nil ^ji-lild R<'i>iihy*lraniii)tf', KyilrobontUffijiJat AnutiM fs 
al)uJnril)» oiitl oLhci ii*o(DDrt« compuiiaii*: 

flfC'-a'.CK. . 1NH'- »uo - c^wt^* 

lb b ilmltbT nibaocr. Ciunaiuun ml jioJiU ilytnft tTafucimmmmfU: 

^fmi'Io: 

SmihHj, CblonHlifyl yietdt ChtonHunnle: 



BT AM>rC0lU. 



143 



llydtttil^l, CU^O' (=C"]rO>.D^ iiHiD»=ie;)(l) yield. ADi«by> 

0C»U"O** tMB-- AtlO » C"H*0"W* fmelfffl. = |fl : 30). 

Itj all tb«M OUK ■ oampmind ia formed rniftninine Ibrocr i^mat u 
msDj ttrboik'btonit u lIio 0Ti;h{iQal otjii>pDun<l, iciiuiuuL^L uj 3 Al^ uf ifio 
moio &rv h«li] Wj.'vtlii^f Ijy ? Ai* Eijiru^iru ^urijaniut j^ii^tuiu« uf llm EiunilMir 
*»f (^Brd^ij-DloiJiH (p. 4^), — lliu'jnii {Ann. Cftir/L I'^ji', tfj. S*^) jiro|m»M 
Id raJurn ili^ iiEomJc vrflii;1it tS ciitr^n to 4 nf it* DTLlm^rjr nino'iiiC 
{=1^, iiocordifijr lu llie numhi'ti of lEiin Hanif-buDk), Id CTclcr lo obloiu 
more ainifJe iolilion#i *.jj , iy^leMl nf C**Hi'N^ wb iWM luivo C"ll<N» 

i\ I Al ^rnL [JitiJo wLitio iiuolL'Uft DOiiUtai elil'TMhr fiirmv wJlli I At- 
ftinniuiitrk. 1 At, uf uu ultliiiu wLrk^'i} ouoIaup couUliEU' luuiiluifdn. tiku Jbctinq 
beipg mlvitilcJ with •trpnmilctu af 1 Al, bydrochluric aoliU it\ tliia uict 
|CMaKplK*ihr^'K^ 

Of ■imiliiT DktuH U tliv DUbtDfMuu u£ CJiEurD^yiurbuaia ttbu ilLo 
UiwUuui*: 

cH^cio* « Kill- Hci •• c<irao*. 

Moatof tlio cLia]|ioi]iiJ>( pmJuflwl hy 4njiiimii« dhv ?io ro<Duvi-rLo<]. in 
pr«cD« of wutor, Into uimimifr a.oil tho urirui^Q iiibftUni^ frnm which 
Utr^y wiT» FurRiiMln reiniiLifi^) ta l'nr<t. tb« uiyu^n finit liyilrugL^fi nbidi in 
IhdJT forrnqtiuEi liod buiiu u'.-parutvii in tUo funn vT wstur. Tkii tnnA- 
tvmtiiou miy t^ka plwce utulor Lbe follrjwing cirrqinituiDu. 

I- HnlJi)^ vitb HJiijtr. Fitr tLit |t[i/i>[)KL*, li'fiUnj; viith wtiftr niulup 
UlO onlinnry ttmniiplK^rii^ pivfi<inn> ii r^rhm pijfliiuiinr.: p ^,^ Oibnjio Ai^id. 
Bupf^Liuiiiv, }l^lrijb^D»*iji4cli-^ fariLiTtHlv. llrJ.bblluiiib-, KarfuruimJT- Uul 
k J* <pfiiiii iiAHUAify ftpd aiwayt nirin Qtp<-iUiiuu* Ui IucIvk ihu mbhiutLcrd 
lacvllivr Willi yriiirr la \t HtUuU mh», atid IiqaI It t4> n tpnijH^nitLinj 
bolnofiiL XMt nnrl tilt^: r.ff., Oxamiile, Eiicbnanin 4U]ld, Liuiinniido, Muoo- 
Kii<tt, OpiiLniiiiun. 

V, AJdaiuu ufaa ua«o«iia«i< ffb<«c artlnUyfor fcmmooUi,«pficiu]Ey 
an th" ii|if»Uratiuu of MM, fftToufi tbfl prudEit^liun uf lLdI *u]piUiici>j 
CamqJLbi, Rj'LirripjLEiLicIc* GdiiiiLUiIdv, fliklicj'kLiiiili:* Furfumiii'tilt'H Liu^U- 
m\iio. C'h lorn til lorn. In Lh" iimi of Opbuiiiiiiiii. nil i,{ vitmrl in iiJonit 
Ckpobfo of frllbi^tiiiiE 'bin triiiiHriiniiiitinii. nr^d tiPtu tix-im \u t\\n rold; 
vnvraM dilute ■ulpharli' ari^l bi^n no n^ition apon il, ovpn wlicn bcatcd, 

S. Addjiiuu ui il]4 idon^r tiiod bueij oipeciuLly of poloAb, in i^iuHt 
llifl uiLJiSoi^iii-Aitupuuiid 1i[U Lpcuu formttl ftvm uujjiiuiijb ciud lui ihiiI, 
Thv Aiol iilk^itt vt« l>y viriuir of tia pnidjjijKUEEi^ iiHimEy for Ulm iwiiil, 
tbo unm^nla l>cin^ tburL'^j nut (ecu. Cold iKpi-smi pitiii-b -icE* iii lljJ4 
iiiiLiiiiCT viily DEk CblorTtniliUn. Jinilinjf iMhtiiU-toliihEJH jiiitiinH tlip tfnnt' 
rinnaiiirb nf CUhn'^tti.awAts. FuiD^iramidct BiflUc^Jit^Miii'lr^ LnoUmj^tc, 
Botyiwitidis Aurbiiuidu^ Cbloiurjilimi, ndnrasiluiudfi. 1ti-iiiiimiili>, DriiuL' 
nido, diUlCyluiidcs &llltylimJJi\ Pli(tiii1iEJiidD.— DtDDUiido IB Eiut dvi'tiii]'' 
poipil hy bolliaf wUb iiaitDituv jKiLmib, l>ut an hOtlADg il villi bydmro nf 
^tiub moEiiVQfitl vitb alrolinl, Ibo Elfniinii^^rinTtJnEi Ih^m pbn'o. Ai-piira- 
|ii]4! hiiLtvJ wtlli lalllialio hvvi and wicb wikE4:r, |iTM oS bhff iU 
uitttijtnii in thr fcrui of BOimuui^L, nitd Ibon rnmnina m canbJObUoo Tr>tb 
lb* DDAC in tlkp fnnn of ui|iurlro Ni>irL— OpiEurimoD. wliiab niAj In 
fiHed by hskling "^ib wbIlt^ TOniMa tbr iHtiuii of Inillpjf potHh/>— 



€ 



tu 



lUPOKinnN Qf oRCAvic coMPocvDa 




rurfumnijde. ivluchp when UilAil irith vttccr or m«t*d with aci^L '* 
Tomhrni iMo AiiiinutiJit And furfimrl. it mntortml hy ermttiM vit^ t**^ 

pocLbla by l^alUiv poTuli. 

Dotmuiy of tbt^flocnpoundii^nxiiicvJ liy nnimDiii&Mnii'>t»bj turafiV 



mi\ 



Tbaro uv four vUto* in vhipb Ibr nHmfi:«» of Ihi* Biniovnb but b 
id lo fihtor ihdK oorapoLin^i; vif«, u Ammnniit, NH*^ «« Am* 
fiWi u ft duuUe Llum of LHorobrB InihJoicoii, tfi.. «« SH. <tf H 
rji^uui'u in lU prv]»r fumu It E-Ilo l!r*t <!Uo. all ilio vtiar whiel ii 
nliiaiiiilt^l muftt bo HuppcucJ tc itrm^iHw] fmm Ihu hydre^^ vtd m yf 
nf llm I'l-iti^iuil nri^viLn i<nm|iniini1; in rim filbnr rokmm, it tt ivmvliBft 
■rhoUy, ifPiiiniimivi [inrtly, priuEocf:*! from i\>f livilroffi^nof lJi# •jninnlL 

TflMc ronijj'iunilB rnrel j oontoln nlCro^i^n tn Uv fnrm nf ■■iiniiwb- 
witli |i«thii]4 itio uiuait eicap\Xart at fhifrt^nWnm. th^ baln^, in tutt, ik 
only Duu ftfUOnrc Llinm wUioh dvhEvuh ninmuulk wheu trqitc4 v4 
efiit ni[iiiftuit pibiAli, — A iiiii>^iT iitmn of tmldcii^m, u !.%unu1 fumaJM 
il» vjj_, N^Ff*, fniiTiDt Iv "iipiHMir'l (o PiiiT, in tmnn. Jit IiuhI *n*nnEi)f M 
Ihc ■lalni*? vD^^bt* iJoptcd In thLt Hnnd-hofli, hklf-vlJ'ini bf«^ 
uitHihlp. Tliv ai*iuri|i(ion of a duitUo fttum of ImMoEtn, NU. i 
IptniJuar iini<vDii jumilHin uf Kiaiii*, and in lliutofon liuprubftbff^ % 
fur irtiim|ilf, Hiilymniidiv (^H'^f)'. wnm ilig« noTiaidiAnid, w* ahAiilJ tan 
C"H'[niO', that ■■ Ifl *rvy, I" alnmii; in Piinimidi>. CH.\O=O!m0', Ihi 
RDEiher of ftlom* tronl^ be 13. and ajitiIMt b aLI othpr <«hl b 
c«rUin i>ijiij^ua'ld< liovoror, tLo »uir|>u«itioD of VN)l i« admliiMiJci 

Till) ubutiw E.ljvfi 1k«, ftiT thf ii]u»i ^wirl, bolwoDD Dilnij^u Id i|o pn 
|*rvpi^r fofiri mid iiinidugi^n. Pci-lnlily phihl* puTupmiiiil* omlun it id At 
vhp^ b^iulh in thn nihnr '(.il'i, ^Vi^ ttmv 'iipf«H^ thai thu«« tompa^i 
«thii:h mn Im tYMmrkViftiul inli> kDimtnu and tlix origiuiil cwoiHiiDd Nfr 
Uin iuni^rh^u» njjil iLr* r*'ni i^mdun riirrfi;;i>D in it* proper t>rai; *.f, 
AniUoo, IniiiWntilH IVriKilnm, bihI Airiurinrx 

111 iIk- oiH-i moiiii(>iiiiil m A (p, M'i), tNII' uv i&keii ap q»J SlfO 
Ai^[)BrLU'd Tha Jihiipli'^t flUppfUiUKin iSnt cun bn nudo ia ■uvb «■■■>■ 
Ihiit thn nli of thr- tXir aEo n^Kmdrul in llio fcimiuioD df lb* flRO^ ocJ 
ilki? 3N n?f(iai[L (Ml i^urb in rbf prmbift, K* bcinvipr, n naAvtobar lk« 
frirfunJ, wKirn IrruKid with iiiiimil>]>La. is ArrI onDrrrloil 'itaUr forftaniwifc 
trlrrtli HgBiD ji ilucDiiiji4Mci ^r ^vii1<f and ELcMt iti(o ■rrtmriiiL* ab^ fttffmL 
bilJ cDQWiln-l lijr cnnluttt with iHiC^b inb' tba lAuincrir budy^ fnrfalM^ ■ 
liiur*»v«r. ditl Liiri'i i»f ilii^ [ifoduntA drtN^nhnil in A (p, 142} w ^|»^lI of 
immiorKion,— i( vA} Ajipvar pr^ikmhUi, ■?(»!) "ti iTinnfl <tUi«t thai the tX^ 
ItiC AtfoptiUTid fep« "njiiriiilly pro>«D( u SMI* or !tXll, hul ihtl bbI* 
Wrtajq cirviiuiiEiiDc«, Cbo QunvoFviun «f furfurunjilir inli> fiirfaf4M. A* 
•nmolf, Ihtk irX If* fitad fnni tUrir tiitleuf ^inbfnMtoit wiih JtV— T^d 
p^fbnp.: Fiirfumq.idi»=C"H"(NH)H-»'. ^»A Kf,rf<irin*^C*H-,VWJn 
(iiiirki»^=30 l»). SJmilmlT, Bniibydnnnidn » pnTb»|ia C"H"(NHJ'i 
»nd AniifiDO. wbJch (^ i-mnrrrn wrT,hir/i<C"H"'S',R' ;mitflfiua4» t I*). 

In dm uioiLa tif d«ci>n)j>o«jfTr>n ifttfn Ln t (p ll^1]v iNIt' pnAallf 
girM ui> ill It! K'l, Hid VIP miij.iii« m iha nov rnnipouliil, 

In Jrmni|«ii.itJfH[i^ ncrtirfirnf,- to * nnA J, illO b» pndneal *w INH*, 
ftDd in thMr. luvnnliTit lo ', 4H0 Tn 'iNH* ^lo *iicb nMd, tho •iHflM 
vt«v|i|ipTlitT4Tb4l "f <trrhArdl« *tt .ibfel ntirplNH'pvniiptH t*Hlv 
tHO, orfNli*(tia up <J1 U fann lllti,tb» ncv wopaxud ■»! 



af lb*0oiV]HiifDi). WicLf ikDraLry ivJue'jiiI U> NM\ »«-\ llntL l)ip im.-i>jimJ II D 
U JbmeJ MQivl;^ fnrn ibo luitor- TIikI Liiit ^i|f|>uviLJun ii iitu rniiirrifuiLLo 
tB»j bo ■«(! trtw thti in^UTirra uif'luch] in *, /, luiil 7, in ythich *Hfl OTfl 

CdlKi*4 5mi INK'; ■» lUnF wo AtnoUrg^l ttt ^iiMiitiif a vp^intrifin nf nt 
i( tHO ^m tlif orKiii>ji* pnoirirmi'l itiwilf» — If anitinr, fonnpil ivh Ln ^Ik 

Fallftna tlkftt vJI inuAl Lbva vfukmri-J in llie furm u/ 2Hl> ftuiii t\\v SU\ 

>oJ iJit lTiiF<l il, »L«]ArBEci] fruiu the N, hiiibI Lelvci tiifi*ml {hu {.'fiiiiiiuuiiil^ 

KrrjTTi hIJ ttiift j( ftppntc |m>'ruI>]o tlmt ti»pif]<kUEiijB fommL Fi^m 

*niBio]iiji»4i:<nrdjng(o h, ^ lA «-,/ c^>i]Uiip tUv (litrDr^nii nf itin xmrn^niji, in 

tloDW foriD* ■□ oicc[iLitPn. Jiiikimnoli Of. rn-Ni |" 1'..^ ,1 i"ir t 

fliaUiiD X>l'. Iiiit it i^o^urUii^U'H *vr\ ' I_> i< 1 ..n^.-i-li il mi.. ijri]rij->iiiii 

ud tuqltiCi? HDiiJ' Tint ttml Ti.-niiiTiit lurlLcr vltit'iiiiiLiun. 

Id llitf ouv* i|«>cril>Til iu A, a i-umpuuijil ■i^jw?:* Id Ihj fttrni^d Atn- 
luiii^ iXll, Lul «iii"rEm>i'e rii|j]ibln 0I ^jiving i>ut "iU fn>in lIid niiiitiiiiii, 
ud btiDc CKflvrrlcJ iutr^n (.'ikirLpk'niJil ^iiicL uuiiLtiiiq mlrogcn ia jtdi onn 
{inap*r (nrm. 

Ii bp|4CDnliioii tbal ni»i>f,<ca insy bo cMitftinoJ in aa org&uie i»m- 
povu<l m llinc or tum ili^tfrvaF 9l.iu«, -vit , us ^Urugaa tLwlf— f« ; u 
ufltuiitrii: iuri<L =^ fCO' ; u Ainjiiiij^u = f* B^ j aiid |wrliApi ilta b* 



I 



S. /AwpofifLbVii anJ /f4ii^'i>r?mifwA« ^jr ilydrptulphurit AeitL 



tVK^fi^iutK'n <hf niLjr'Iii^r Tiint it o-'Uv^fU Clunomv f'"ll"OS wtU, WyU" 
^inaat, t"IMJV IsuHk C^'H'MJ', inio IibuU^ L:"IIVN0V 

^ It feUvltuct* l}ic I Al, uiv^tt frum llin >0* ill nitiv-cuaipuuucli. 
lod IwufCEt to tbimi 3 At. byi1rt>jt^n» *hh ]>rbtiL|>iljitlui] vf jmEphur, 



3$, i*rtWii;jMifitpH* &^ Sa!ji^iiU cf l'<^fiMium. 



^Btity, vl'Iinf rliloniCi itf [koljin^ju 111 '•nil itiL i^jj^nt^* nulfjJbi^r-rvjni^kJkinil* 



3CL JMvtfiiftfuUiiinM by 'A* AlitiH-m/l'ilM, 



^KpaUuiitm lad ■adiumi itvau vlivu bofelcd. Jo Utit Ut uprin com- 

^Bi<l« iiEiK'.lt l^nllUll] Inriji^ ijujinlLtin* at nxy^nxi. i\\py trjka up thikb 
^Bo«ii1, proifEiriii^ r^^mhummn qUpI rturh^iniiAEKiri, imil rnniiirifr a mil- 
^^ft ^ rLkajTimt *nil ild iJkiiliD« oitrlicinttto Tlry <^»hc jw"I tbi» rr?»iod 
proJoca* tivU nmWriiin, lifUr-ir tint muok iu'i'Ih fpflbid oombmliuo; 
lOErioBBi^ cvbouitilinE ukna pljua wilbuiit mmiiiiiLimi- 
TDk tit: % 



I« 



DBcoMTOsiTios or oiwiAMc coMrouimA. 



oTdintrvar I'lifhilyoEevBUJ lempcuiuTTA. oriTH aut j^wl « tko hjrdnvfl 
with «fr«rraMCdn«p unl tAk» lciplH« in ibqcamp^iuhi. 

Tlkirx, HntiE-lr Hi^iil, C^H^OS 14 mutnrtflil juln sabydro** mMbI* ■( 

ftFwuttt, ikic uri^PbCLl 4?unipuufid it rv|ft(MlunDJ. (Offollbc^ vith pa4uk- A 
vlvilii' qciion IB fiivrU^^l Itv potuA-iuiii uu utlier aloufaollo ll^niJak o' 
upnii valn-tiln niln nDrjLiiiiiinit oxyKoti, Tim lEoruupoiiligit t4 ccnbfl4(^ 
hv p»iljii-i(iirh n ckf (I iTi*<r» <-J>m|»|irmt«t f-|inriu:E«r- 

iVtftuMiiii lii'jtli'ki wil\i miy nir.mgi-rkflLiJi nrfftiiw CfimpoaftJ, IvQM 
^yftQtdcof pnt»«iiiin, 

mrlion, A piav* af pnuut^um ii j>Udvd M tht bottom t>1 m miw 
tnt-Eiitti^ ftod oitphhI wiib tbn aaUrjiiiui u> La <xkin(B*il; the liUMt 
JA iJirii h'lLicicI lo tTiiliLno iill Uin diivHi oF iHtiutfiuu i* vvbUltsd; ^ 
iwii'tiir HiuMvrd jn miUir; tlw mlnfinn yirmpiWUid by» faiiun !■■ 
nU, MfL miit^ iriLb ciovu of hyiJinrhlDnr «ii1» which. JJ ijiaih ^ 
polaaaJum hu U«]i rvnucJ, Icavh a naMuo of l'ni«4ii Hlu«, $«hUiaaii 
liul (yiiftii]iji]i^ iiiLi'UFfi^u 0* tiiuli, likiiwjm vlvli iLii FFicliun t( i^tftnt^ 
niliic or ujlraui airia, llvdrni" *tt t%r\tinMifi uf ^ifiUi^L, iktittbl of fiDttt- 
■tnu, ■Ji>» ntii b(i"i "> ili'liE-niti n-ii itEdi[ittJ<m uf alLrn^u- (L^aufiv, 

Willi tlic rbl^iijii) onA bn^niLno orcui-njij; m maujorffUHC ooa^onri^ 

EQlA*>iuni iiH'-ii furuib rliluritlu ur hr<iiuri]v uf |KiL*>*iiJ)inj tm mttme mtH. 
uwovrr. nnulhur ixirliuu vt lYfy putiLviiini \a ttmDi^Dfna tfl the VflvptaaL 
TI11U tijdFiiFhJanr oLiwr. UfluuJ vith nalviinni. ^m off tn |M 
Imt iiirm* iv whild niim. ubiriL U prclaliJ^ & BUlUn t^ chlon^ t 
liiim iriLh iha npw pniawnin-oampniiiid; 

("M-n-^K - t'U'K-KCI, 

1b nt^tcr au« ofiiln (hv pluw of ihc ftWlrmotod Moa* W fUctivk 
' F«l fvnlv I1V ilia |HfCv«jum, inJ pard^ Sy hydnctn l^vM «ilft 

^li^inm-iuiiAl^iii, » cunvMlvd into lalala «l potuli kbd 4U«rM| «f 



3L ilanWYiiHLfHJiu oJ 7>dfi4i'imMrumf A|r Watrr. 

Wtlnr may Uiintfnnii hit nrfunin "inifHinnil, hj hnjpviiaf 

a, TJie r«inj]iuuii'l r' m. J ' ' 4, mmly bf<4DiiuE » 

In lifdNfuii auJ uyuvik,— U»ii>h, {.'H'si'. a ii|(i«It ruBtnUttW 

InaifbniiMJnnN bki ■■triil>iu-l liy Llir< a^iii ki>hjilridH fnJL fty»if<tfi^ 
Oil «f urr<?ntjii«. (''II-', piftcfil, uBdcT orrulD rrtfniimi|>Bci^, b ia», 
tut nilh nl«, fortw iho ciiJiDlha ur McvwMm d^ ivrpcolfftBh 
€iJ«uou«DMif, CHV'Q'' (ur C**H"On< a «D<ot*-d br m« 

Ih Or Ills aJdiliuiJ uf hjilff^pn mnd aijfvD from <b« *■& 
iWotitffiiai compoand bo ntolrt it«jf bm HiunI ii*« 
Ovwd*, C^i'flK^'t b««lld lo UO- wiUi friU«r m ■ mJbJ Ub^ 



LTION or OKCA.VIC CVMMJUfCDg. 



U7 



■iDnipniL 



Tlw cbi^iFlfAti'rn 'ft-liirli »ill fii* fwlnpfpil in ihn [miMiit wnft, nn far 
moor prmmt kn/talntff* n/ nqj.intf: nmjiotinds ctfow, it buo'I on tlm 

UOlai, Vt i4 fniiipiriJiiJii iif dt»4 imnlni witb V4fiira« AunKtrLnuim uiilitT' 
mUTMvIhkI. 

W(t 1ir<itta, u is Lnnrotit tod GfirhaHff lyMom, ipUti Uid ooniidcrn- 
liou of ihtiKi nq^faf whloL i^iriilujit (Lc viitHlIiitL Eiuiiibci' tit varlwii'Uain*. 

Wa lh« j*n&t43^ uuiuIh'^ of mrljrtii-aEi>niJ^ U will Em ifflkililj' wou, 
iLtA WD l]jiu prui'U04 ttvnt the lowijt^t ti> Ihg bigliput gn^' "^ argiuiiii 
ttHBfiamidit 

Wbvti A cocreni « oLti^r arifniiio 6Lib«rADri> unty bv |>robttbtr thD- 
pw4 lio b* not tiaipto Lm tuuipipuiul, ihai ■■ tu Buy, proiluL^tl Ly iLa 
crabLoMloa of Iko ur nmn" nhininmary ituc|»iH *it oIIkt ^rloumnUry 

OlTKUi« tulvlXllE'Vft, iK" }>hliiV lif lliHE »il|uiE4iL<1i< Ju itlO knilh' iji ^JuIOfNlUlfJ, 

vH nmrdiuf to ihv CitlsiJ nmnd^r of il' fnrlH>n'4Lniiiii, ImC nrrunJing tfj 
|]|0 aamlvT orcarbcii-*t4iiii4 ^il tbat ine of tU c^^jdj^odquU wltjiilt conUiiK 
lb*liMV«t mtmbcr of iIiuh utL>iitf. 

WbVD l«fi iirrmHrjr iM;i!l'»i i^>p(nm tlin Hinifi uuTiibur of viitLoii-uEiihih, 
^t diffvrpirl DiLiiiI>orp' of hviln'jt^D-atard', budIi hn fkiutiyli^iu, C'H^i itiiiL 
Okior, C'^H"; or v PJiiphLfiPii^. CU'; Ki'i 'l-mbinKV (T^H". tbv 
mdaiw eautatn^ng; (he vnalloj proportion uf bjHrof^n "iU b^ conaiiiaivil 
Mort tbo 4tbc]T. 

In «idlifii^liuu witb vai.-\i |>rEiiinry uu^jIi'iui. wo klmlL flonifJer, jn uio 
■atytiiil 1'ljii.v. itri (bOLiHiLiiLiLw ulcU -ul'-tuikcur hIiifL :Ltl!ii*ti Ib^iUADlvoa 
•■t*ini^v to it. Th4«i .f? (-iHTiHUy, H or H*i KO rr H'O'; *>■, Q* ^r 
O'.HSot H'*;ffofSMNi 1'; NJir, MIti'orBr-; lEC]; Ci'.Cl'»rCl". 

lo fomtiDJLiJtiot of a ULidEoui n'liii lubitbiicM «itvrnally ftlUdbod^ tbe 
evnpcsftiriD iif die nui-tpu« nmy gi'in'ribllv bn viuwoil in iiiun whj* ibui 
out. T> felooW lu lu IVilLi-idlTrril ni t'*HVll^ll\ FUhI lli^rtJL' llitM H 

Aldkou^'h fuf nvmiiiia ilfpndy n'liiLirrii (fji. ^U, ^I, rrnd ;(2, '.VJ). tlic lullor 
Ti*w tnij bp ibo men j'Tubatili>, itill iW ^iiir^Liou i^o-nnol ^w ffoBnidowd 
ILA i]i-fLf|iij<1y i^ti.!*!!. Till' fp»r]MiT virrf biiB bk^pw [nvfprrvd m ibc rld^i- 
flpfetioiii (vvHiiH it vJftU KTtii|]lor foniiutri'H iioil tJiv iiu^'lt'iiii ^11*, far 
*iwii|»te. jj km'wn loiriut ifl thff vmrkto ptaLCn whtf>-iui Cl!H.» In not. 
Wjtb TVjifitH, ifini^vurr, tft fttrUio aDbitknof^ tUo fttniEiiTcL' foonJpil im 
tlw blMT theory wLU b« |Ut«i u bhe mort wiTMi; Antl th<^ii Lbn firmer 
tbtiirv, *o Ikt H DDD^feary, will bs dlfllvgiiiabfJ u 7?Ih U tiiAlnttBro* 

Binn Ibn noclvu* in^ vi iL wir», iruveloptd by tbu bIodlb w^bir^b Qilorib 



lU 



CLASSIFICATION T>f OBGAWIC COMPOl'SM. 



tb<n»lv« til il. Ujii IuiEl*!' mny ho <!iai 
iiii4.'!4.'ijii liv Eliv ijiTfi n1 A'n fv/i^j^dfofvt { ^ Tr^^m -uroiT') : <h*y Ca*n inA 
lli4i iiurlrur, rfiiripr>i[|i(lpr whifii iiutj *« <ii.Kiu| Knvirlopt-mati'i {i ~ 
JTrntr),- iiiiH thpT rnri'iit nf ii A^ui^Mu (VT/m) uJ ui Ahwiyf 

tioff), anJ rI]iiM< ^vLioh fttiii|Ki*a ihfr vDtvTope «f* f*IM 

FnW(rf» {lliil(rn-^"ft\. Thv iJui.>rFu* of airtl* nriJ, C"H*0*, U CH* 

inftirtr i* O; if. howflvnr, neMin aciil I'D wgiifrln-l *> C'H'O,ll*0" lb 
UQclrq^-mckllnriB nrf C^ H, iiiiil 0. und thtt anvrlnpA-tufcitBr* ar* II «rij 

TliirJly, ■ri.i Tinvu tia fvii^iiliTr c?tiin|)aUDj« uf thp (iLirltH ahil mv 
pu^lfii wrifi nllif-r auUtiLE>i?iyk or^^nniD «r baT)^nJo» prodaoU whidi 
he rnllc*! O'r'Ju^if-^t irr CopvlfXtrtt t^anpfivndd unMin^ l* UctiArd^ 

Tliuv dvvt/ prifiiATv nucIwRa ferni* n i'E]nw>on>li"jf Baric* of 
illicit Dpri'd may Ew 'IiwieiihIpiE ju thn PrtTnitrf/ Jwruc Tim flnl 
lliii ■nr]p> ■■ f^'TnifHl Ij^ rhn priinnfy niinlniiA iliatlf; thr nnvHkJ. 
brr NiiiiViiJ|-t- II, Llif* (liinl: Niirlon* -t- I^V (]^4> frmrlh' Nirclnu^ 

Afbrr nn''K fm'marj rninltiiiHt tnifnllipr irith tTin ■nnin nf itt aiiinpiM^i 

willi JlBolf A prLirnry nurlpu* may yid-L n niimtFrr of aecdDilu^DnU 
nf tho niott viLTlaut coiEijiovlW, iiM-unlin;; to (Itc olrrmentA ni nmniiwh 
■hloli wbiil^y «f ^jftrtinlly r^nlfti'n Elif II *jf iLf jTimuy qiKlvoa. 

Eiitlt (if EliruH* vt'TUEHJiiFj' niK'rt'j K^*"<'i^>-^'y f<>np>' tav«nJ MmpaM^ 
with c^iiTi-ln|ir->iul)4Un4'i<iLniikI h'im'n qm rirndiiDnil « iininlirr tt StOMtdurt 

Thiia Eliepiim[^ tor«P'4^f HliTlrne j=^V(fia]p 0| j'. bti. vimf BCt«i^ 

th* follow i]M;Hii<iiiW», C''11\OV<:-il\0SbiLJllidtiKuni1ftfy>«ri«vbri«t> 

niPniJi^r.. OllCl'a'; CHCI'.O*. - C'llHJ* 

■AfTJO Iv|id; *» lil.rwi« dp C'H'.O' an<l C'HCh.D'- Hfid in ihU . _ 
lyp*- of thd Mimary tone* miy li- rpi'»f'*<l m »hf Hnnduy Miin. 
LM^Iy, (ha »rnni]fcry nii<?)i>t fr^ikcotly prvditco crtpaUloil 






A prinmry niJKlpiif injri<tlirr whli am «wjb'l»ry nuolti, mJ all 

□ary uni RrvcJaiy, or, 
dU tic kc^oUat/ forvq 



pfjDndt yJcMctl ijy ibr< DiicJcl, butb priinary uni RrvcJaiy, or, in 



Iron iLa hiuu Diurliri]>i fi<rui n Cr^njiL 

f I aiipfliri ihva ilmi ^1 ■>ipuiir cwmpuitfitla umy bn firvl (fivUed ii 
l4JBam>l grDU|v; fuh jp^^np r«i»l*if« iL>rlf iittu ih^ flvriv* of iba 
Dunlfu* tn-l iJh Kri«< r^f ttiv vKniflLLry tiir-ifU f«1i Kri^ 
3imihor> of difllar<<nl iy\i*, I'Ut itie «r>Hi<jtIan] Ly|if« ma uAch 
llu Kurtduy «vru 

A fHHh«.r nmi[>ikn'im nf iKp mrinlvn nf dilTorvnt gmapa, «o« *i^l 

£pc iTiduilM iTl tbti nopM, priiiifciy hhiI «««Dd»y. of ih* wwm ««■■■; 
» A»»ht,l-t™ilIlb*i«nut]l-ii-jJhm'UilionofH"0'; *- ^-,C*l(-,R'0'l 
'C*H",II^\ till.; Lh« rmjEicWiD vi.l 1v|hs lhc< pitolffi witli iMU>l(4atf 0*1 
r.;r., OH'.OV (MlVO-, Ar. Ar — Thr^ ijpiv> ii> ibn tnan gmtat hv* 
waird pivHy nrviy ihrh Ovrbu^i^ Auw^w «»A«ia»w«h to *UA 
' HTlftiD ralrifdoEu we m«(l« ie ibu pruMviiiHi of C i> il. 



HOMGNCLATLTRI. 



149 



wan OmJ^HIi: Caitmvmv. 

Tti> ddljr inoKMO in tho nambcr iLDd ?aui>leiltir ot cbTmit^nf ^nm- 
pntnib li^roii npon ai tbo coovjuiiun ibat iirbilmry ntimai Wtil uputt 
Uicir DFLvJu, jiFvfiiTfd['iiH IjjjiLoiu-n] rirt^iiiiiiitiuti'.w, i^c-^ iirr jnnLillLfLiciEit, kH'l 
Uw( Lliu mu>t diiininliirjitiii ;iji|H'JliiiKti]r. iTi^mn. iitimnlv* wi>inh J<iiiii(ii 
alffi(iliiiiJii4tLri(KJ dDinprnucinn, fUitiiint Itr fiprmrd wkh rti<r omi'inG imiiirEi- 
cduuro* wiiboat prvilooiTiff ^anh ct inti'lomblc Icn^h. A prrf^cily 
■atltfutory ttvnt imitl iJuanLc, wrl va\y tLu uuluru vl iSi.' r'rjtkiwuvitLA vf 
tt CompouDii, i'ul [i)iVYfiM» Llii) iiuitiliur uf jLit iiLimhj'. mid Elunr tiLudc uF 
««e]jIiiu]Ul»u, ]i MiuvL Ih, ivi M. ivi\n; iinttirfMivl WeiiuIh ndiLi^kH^Ei-l in 4 
wardr By thir niDqui, ptva pirlymonp mtcl mcmniL^rtn ^LmiiHiimilB itiU 
be <ii>liTL^iij>lird fliw frnm llic othor^ boH only (ur Liomcjio compmikdj 
viil A inixle of dkaLiucliiPD bIjU ruJaaiu I'l in luul^-ltt, 

T4> rocidvr tovh ■!■ iLtf<4iij|it iiui!(7dE4fid. irjlhuuL uToi]uDiiii> iLariiva in 
tw KrvMl IPnujEti, i*ilcFl I'luiucuL inuaL lio vxpnjvi4-'4 uy u iiLUiLiuytbi^ii 
vflr*)^ iir[d iIh' nmiLlHir of htrnnk dietLngiLiBlit^d {ih ilmtHly «rn)PEi-d t*j" 
Launnt in n aDntewlmE dittfrcnt way) by fl.lEer&tiiin of llio VQiraEa.' 

t>et no I « a ftl au au b U 

dmntc l:£34aQT8nCI 

Tha qlcmtaU in f\9 /ret ataU iiuy hp JiilLD^Hhed by ibe falltiM'iDjf 
namA 

= Anc;— II=Alu,— C = Aioi— ll = Art;— P=Ap*i— S=Afc;— 

J=AwIm|Ug); nr^Ame;-C|=Ali4.,— F^AIfo;— N=AH;. 

K=FAte (ffi>m i'oJu-ii);— NB=N»to (frnm A'atcori};— I.^Lula (fram 
/iVhnn); — Ba^— Bnir ^fmin Bnr-yta); — M^^Stftro {(tnm Stronti%ti)\— 
C»^C*rt {inn) t'.dnnni)j Mj=Tnlln> ifiAui T/iik); — ha=l.iin\t> ((torn 
JfiMvfliitDiiin);— Cu=Z4irmu (from Cu'iuni];^Y=(rnrto (fjum ffUtNin 
«ikI Yftrium}; G=fi!ukfl (rmm (*Vji:inm)i — Al^lfthutf Ifrum T\i«n 

niUD);^-^i:^KAW (fram A'te^i:/)^ 

WoWo (fnnn »r(i()rnm);— Mo=fc(oMo{fiflfli ^i>;ybJoh«iD)i— Vn-WiiaW 
(ffUDi Viio^iiidi];— Cr=Kn(iio (FruuL CArcrnLUui)^'— Lr=l^iJ>o (frvm 

Ar=kur»e <frtim *lr4aiMcJ:"Sb=;Minilfl (rmm Aw^inniuyJ ;— T*^ 
Tule ^frnni 7UAiriiini|; — Dt = M;i-ricr ifrom ,1/n.'jtruit) ; — ^ii=::ZBkko 
(fmni JTiiifi)- — Cit^tinlJiii' (frum (Jn/vivi]^— ^it=!^Ljiuiii< (fpnin ,>VaiJHan|^; 
— Fb=l'liiiii^' (from riuwi&iiiiih— 'l''o=j>lnrlo li>«uj jVu") , C"^ 
SnuUbt (from ymt.lf);Si=^'aXke (fr^mi iVit^XuOi—Cu^C^ri^ (fTftm 

Hj^^KwiI^Xq (rmm ^luriMlltrr);— Atc=Tnr^ (frikm A fyim/um) ,^*> 
An=t>it.ll0 {iromOo/d); - I'tsPlnin {(mm /'Irulminij; - PdzPiJtii (rmni 

* TV^ullHir'* tyiCCfi- ikf 4iJuiinM-liiEp»f I- \i *|tr'jA]|f j|ilii|itf*l lo Eli? GinnUL UTlKVlfft« 
ud muLii fiul trv Ukide •vaJUIilc in t^fl^i '«lhi»^il i»tii4i* »tiM~*liuii*, BB^p^'i^llf Ln tti* 
v>««l4iyii>dB d»F4l W dm^jtt tiumljrrt. Ii 4»nini*'(Mii,lir*"«v«'i [«gl<B diivi'%litid inmi, 
■i thtrv !■ ini! iiiil* jiruUitlnJirT Tb^i Oil* "r *iis tHuitu* i^ai^Pii ipf ojint'iPi'lnrh"— ohlrli 
aoulll In farT iuvoLvt lt>? Dcriulaitmrj i>f i tiv*< in.tkgii'Br^'iill f><f I4 iftufnllf *iIu|j[mI< 
Ifvcrlbrlm l^f iT»l*fii it weU "■mrthr-if ■i1*iiFii(.i, \t nnly '"r '^if ingrrml'jill^LiUj'rJ it 
Ub ptfLfllnJclJuu. iPd' uLi>«r*aU'jrLi •<^ l^'f nrifni't rsf j'iT*r'-"i|f ■ trB-bf^l ^iMJuulJuu 



r;^.|r=hfi« {IrtmJr^^^* 






i\M 



rrtn: 




BO=Ah>.- aC^JUi>F €<^=Ami 30h=Afr«: fU^nAit, 
■ » «0>^lk; 4*Cr-llM. 90'=0ra^ ClO' = Abte, 

VO^n^; AfO^TvAi^^ J^^ffcUvlmi P^O^JfiiM^ 







■ ti lMii n vf ■■Ha ^ ■•« Hter ■■ o^>J makp 
if «i«i^ k »— fctf «f «a^ ■«« b* iJ ifiMil by fe tbvsL nnvU 

bgM«CMPBfBlg—lhj— W lb* dnsol W|pw ■lib ft MOMitf 

In rnn|i>iii>*t twaTiiaiiij: Tiilir,tfci ■rmirrlTrnilinal viternVd 
in BivsibIs ii xfrtMJ br HO, ahI Km^'U dutiiixvUcd brOi 
Hn^ fna Kbf W< initiuulT co*UvJ vMrr «i«f7*«dlivll« vUohb 

ITbf (fr«B ITaihp. tbt « Id I* wmnkat l*^;^ ^« auntW •( ikM 

Wh W« Win Wm Wai Wut Wuu WnM Wm Wai 

Wto Wfti* W*^ Wa.0 Wui WmI WhbI Wuh WhA Wvi 
14 15 tC 17 It ]> 10 

w« wob Vvi vr.«i w^a w^ wbi 
24 u n n 3> n » 



<1 

3S 



II 1> 

Ai^uTrliJigljr : 

= Ctoym-Jfjn'fr4t^.—*S'it?.H(>,Py-«-a4Aq,^ >*■!*■■ ito^jW 

of tba mofll cocnplMBtcd c<tm|i'-uuili ril"\11^.l*T' t Tlftg a^Jjih- 

tfHHUnhd-d/an ; bul r1 i« ihvrtar ibu tv^iiunf T "iniM Ja^ Mf 

rhBnw thv fi-im\\\^ urban vn^, <iani«ini *[«bmTi ijlliMti^ ftftd 4* 

' do Dn( HT iiuiij nutrai of iniMCiiwjr in \hW MImpl. Ab a^i* 
"r, it it U««,bni«4eftlb*BXpraiioii4iJ Ifae ■miuImb tl t^am 



[NCL&TUU. 



Ul 



i^ Iva TDwnl* v>i} ilIphtbDiur^ wbl?li id pninonoktioii htd nvt sJn-u-VB 
T«r]r rlwHy JiflLmiciiiiliDiJ. Uut iIjd t'EicmiDt) wlir/ knnw^ liaw much Iho 
dfiHiffnifctiAn <rt a^ eiriii^jouini dvL^uJa upt^b liic e>.icE pruDtiEioiiiLiun iff (liflto 
tvuiiil\ niill (aWo uu(j to flDuiLa Oiom uuriccily, If ws weru to ••op tto 
numbor lA liiiUuFt luupd* iit u=j. ve b3id»1J be uUjgvdT iu «i|>rOiBiiu 
hljjbet nmnb«r«^ Itr ni^ke tUi- of ibf* iuranTfiriiiitiL uijiikL^ tvetjim. in tthicb, 
fur «iuhptiv wn 'bmilii li<kVK, Frnri^'fO, 'mr/iAllU» iiie=70, An., luiA in 
vbL4!li t»Ai\. Wflulrl bkj t!»ifn-"L^il bv ")'*L »oil tlAq. by rAV#. Tbio 
tVAti^ni nrfold bo dilticuU vi ii)v]tiLDiiUu]L. Murevvctp (Uo uao of ihyh^ 
tliNn^ inrr^LluHt luoffi vntivly iuiu tbo ii:uii»^ 

A viiututivn 'it tbo ooTUiPituiib-) 4nJ ri>riH'f|UE^iitly of ibn filiruLnnta, \* 
nvl BO unti'h tu bit ELfi|iriilu<ii4iPir 

FitinDv, tbo liiUi<'r[i> iiniHUnidtfJinrd wvnil of tbc>w vordl wntibl lif 
pnu-Uiv boronir m fiLmtliftr Ia hi u ibe f bcniioitl furmala la which the 
■JiMnpiLt* aru ik'DUUht by lotlort, ihb vitly Llilf'TDnaa L^b^' tltnL kctaikl 
A){Urvt ntu luoro uoajly uuilnntlutKl iluiii miikilKSui iix|>niiBi"d by iuhi^Ia, 

la wuikiu^ uuL Lm> ^li^uul* nF i\i\' tuxnimidutunv iB wnuld cTouIiIIuhh Im 
fbuiiil Lbi»L nukiiT vbllEion* kuiI linp">vttnieDU W4?ro nvQcwai-jv At ptv- 
•UDtt liuWi^VT. I rnnlDiit inyflf»lf. 44 lar ul leudl &? tliD luvrniiJO piut ii 
cnoHijed. vtib mlrculuclug Ibla aituiupL, iu iti |<rtuui|Hl fe^tutH m 
■ibov* pnMtACvJ, It liia ijulwuuf LbudiumiuiLl worinl, niiJ vbAll, p<<FbbTia»*l 
A latore «jppDr(uriiLy Jt^fijlop h in dcltkil, uvuding luynuU iif uU u^MitLuris 
■lOJ mCT^rXiOQt ihitr iriiiy bs Fuvgr4t«<l. t «lii>iild udE iikdcod h»rirbruii^|il 
It fi.iFWknl on llii- pmnTit ociiiuiDii, Init fnr wa muoat r Einrf,, tbftt I hhro 
liiu MlirifuTtioii of o(i»>rvin^ ihat lie o;onMC wpighla iuIo|ttGd iix tbiB 
Hund-Wjk rami wiib c^mLinLinJIy MK-ri^^rrr^^ rkut'CjiUlWDr whrrohj the* 
«l>tlMlM iu tbo wqy v( a jrcMiiFFuJJy rwvivcd ituk'bioinrlrlcjd wrmvo- 
dlltiuc uv^nuluiiFty IhiIuj; rumtivoEl,— luid Moandiy, thul Lboro a|i]i4<ufl 
(4 bo Oh »biiuliiiu OKcmiy fvr Ebii itDinvdiiiitA Ailo|]lL4>]t &f Much il duiiidp- 
ttbktun Iu llifl iwitf of nripinid cwnpoULidit, in Qi^Uir lli»l vrs iniky »l laM( 
bt jibbi t<]fivi- immpH fouhJud on etoiohionLotripnl rulikliom, Id comiHiuii<lii 
irliicb mm yni mLdiA(*riv-on?il or but lllllu kiLown* 

In (|bv ij4^iri''jti:liiirtri:* <tf OfffKt'ui cuiDpuuii^b, furnvtbiutf now !« 
Pt^rhPGil Ibui tbd iLjiiiiv« vt Uiu DEcmciiI' JiuU L3in viprutiuii ^t lli4 iiiua> 
bfin of rb^ir Htuim bv ^uwalt^— thu tmrnlj^nL Iwiuir. in l>ct. to4f l^tt^ti ht 
IIjIh m-fJii of fikfiri'iHiiin- If, fi>r niamido, mt wnuld d»i^imLu P-infiji 
in iliLf iiiBUnar. vo *birub] oblAiii tLn ripnNwiLnn. Ot^n-f^lH, wbiali, 
llif>L[j;b ri «hort ifi>rd, vnuiil nnl b? CAidy r^ruccil rn uiitrlHTrv. TJia 
Mmo inconTODicii» ■■ ci[KirtDnoD'l wkUi i^OTiipuundtH bnlh nripiiiLn Knd 
InonLTulCi vbidi cDuriLLA luuru Lbmi U At, i>i wniur uf cryAialiiuilon; 
ifaWi, bqworirr. frubkm vuxav iiiti* numpiiriiinii vilh (iijfLtuic uuui|fuuiid' 
BODkiiiliiiE nifim llutn 1> At. of iv,rbon unil byilrr>j^iir 

Fnr tfif#c rwun^, -l in fonhof D^ccimry to (fi^o n. di*liin^ iiAtnn In 
«Hb priiDury iiudoLi^ 4i> thbt Ita nhoia may at odcc c<prip«* ibu lurfa 
■tnnb*' of isitdoQ- iiuil L^'dfoxDn^rtLurjii wLJvb jt coui&Lai^ The immbpr 
of Ihwu ttLoqiri whidi uiiliiir ujt<ir Lbn |irijiHry nucUiji \ty luhalitutJDD, or 
wMaA tbvniMil^^a* Id it u uu ctiiviilo|WH ■n^tduTu iisiMrdN ui^hU <tr>'l I' 
tbnibr* vuny v^prtvcU by rDirviii. d'N-onLj44ry iiiicl<]i. buuL u* tbn 
TCriOB# kuidi of euji^arp n-hicli Oartniii a tnrcc uiimbpr ol tt^mm i-iLfiikbLo uf 
fflfjAonnAttLi 41V |rutbiL^f bcvL c^^rtaKd bv p&rliculu nimr'n l\\ ordflr 
ibalUn uiiDici miiy bu rruilily djtliu^iiiiibir'l la ^0 coEipoOnd' irbkb tb«y 
ham, ibnlr aKmn niUAt U^ifin A^dh « n^riHruut uml eml wjtb a oonsauult 
Ipirowod hy a ihorE < , for tlw bdbitr(» MewT»d tPFLniiuiJioTiv ii\ tn ut cai 
niji^l bft mittftVta for VO vr 'i^r. Id oriltTp cbnivfniT, tbikt Lliv uai'tti 
miiy bv tindily dmlinh'uittujd froiiL laoluli^ Lbolr uumu vi^ \n>^ VfnK^'^. 



I5> 



sowiwcuTinw, 






•■I viUl^irovtliatKlA W irilb otti^r rowel' or dipktbaBXvj ivb 
tb«M«C4]i pafttf QMvr iBtoanhitiiiliqn in morri ihan tf Al.. iMrMa« 
«!■*■< kl>k_r* nqtaii ih* Toml a nr^^^nil mm or^iLDk ■■clei oA^.f 

■ft ItM 1 At , xhty nUia t\M vfiital w diplrtlMH 4d 
to tb^ l-wly. if H4 *«[.'u rvnrd SiabpotfMH 

■pawU <if t A1. BfB4Bim (Aumt], C^'If, it tin; nJl b 
mUmWi* MMsm frt Mhrini% ttji mow fnpnkll/H Itia fea»|« 

dM BHit «t Itat 4* ■■■■■ Uibtife] ;-]<cn i<! tL» rek^Iuj, buJ, epb 

/Ww.- BikfB* «r MvlflMi, C^Ir, iBiA !'<■>/. Qucrtnw* Cll*. .uto £-*, 

Thlli ■ OH*. iM* Jt^^; JU<B>, C"]l\ into rfV« {ltT>m TdnfJ), 

WliM ft wnmvj DvdvK b Inutnnaad mtn & acoonJjiry ngftni 

■aainH. lk> ■■■Mt •# Amit nl«a* tviwf 4p«i>ti^ Iry Uii? kpjfroprvb 
if««vL nvlW nwhrr wit n, PH'O. ol r>V vhifh » tup^tf^ 
M MiM iBMHk Afti, maIU rijMw; 1^ mMiiflfT na(4*i of TiV, w^ 
tf««J W fUinws <4. C*H*ap C-QXl*^ eHCi>, ud OCI-, M^ dtuiiJ 
•MMin<T W^- ri-*t rf*ft. >'ix»> -n't >'<-^' l»41j-<s O-H-NCfp 

ife kj^PMM ia ibr wHh«« b likvna ah«a frpU— t I? 
ICO^ ■»! NH^, pM«afM«b* ^ Nil uJ by SO", it h ndiinUfnvH 
Hftw lfci>* Bitufiwh bjl^ iBiiiylkJUw, mrt (frvii Nit^). viT 
Ifim AbUwhV mC aai ^, nv^ frr vnnpl^ Nii«WwJ* 

1«i.K 



■fnnrHi 






.--*Ui 



ifcirtnii Kt4 CITfr'.O^ A^i^,--Hktafh «fc *w and, CHCT^ 
•4Lplrf•H4lM^ CTyA^^O^a JTi i iia jj ; — ft«<to H^d. OH'C « 



35: 






.-VSi; 



TW «i rftiifciB put t^i'xr 



«f iW DKWi. «b4 aif 



Mf4«p U iW^ta fft l if^Wi to tU tM sBBh it It DM Bj 



wiiftia thn*n«vH«d Wv4*«K 

94 



i4i.B.rk 









(-.f^A 



;s: 



rniUAnr ?quci.Er. 



153 



Aloohol*. Keumo*, Cftmpniin.l Etli*r»); on tH« rnnUary, ito JoiijTnntSnii 
of tbc inon «Qmr>lir»tL^ii comipeundt. aadli u the ityp^-iuii*! <>Lhi-rK nf 



A. HuclcL 

ffl. Prittviry J^vtlvi. 

Tbf'Mi miplpi DoiTJiiil whotl^r "f *"rbori And li^ilro^n, Ii» l^nim *th\ph 
IkMi knnWTi in iitp v^rijimtn xtnEn, tl]:< iiLittilHT 'it iTtrbim-ttinm* rvi^ fri>m 
fl to 4£, imt lb<< rninihnrnf Uyi\rvj£4-ti-Wnrnii U tr» ttnt rif cirhfiTi-f romx. nt 
J«Mt M I to 3f inHai moBt m 1 ; I ^TKo",Cbrr«Tip=C?'H'", AiiEhrBcciif, 
a*lV\ SiilborH", C"JI", NiLi-bthcuo, C*H\ I-henono. C'll', Ti'ntliifmj, 
(^H"> Ac KijflluT, iVli-no or M-HbylouD^CII'H liiThi^riD iir Kilivlunn, 
CH';B.il^r*'m',<:*H';A.n/Ii-ui.,t:»||»:0]™i,tf,(?"H";rmuHci,r*,H", Ao. 
MKor^riniary [iiicliiiarcnnEym known iii the mfrurak'Utn, t y,^ Bnntnnr, 
C^*M\vlik'h mvi\ bp sn|ip<iH^ tn cvist in liDninic vid» &d. — Jn certain 
priiuuty nuclei, nul yet known I'k nieC in ihr A«|VitrHla «UiU, r^ 2- ^° ^^^ 
&ii>ib wlif4^L vugur u Jerivvd, iLt ituiiibor of II-4bf]ii' oxc«ila ibft Lumber 
of C-»lui[iii, 

MiHil uf rbt^ Unoim Hyrfruearbont an primary BUOld; Hopip, bfiwivw, 
STA dflmjioufiili orpriniiuT tumlni wiLli two huJHihvnal ntnin' of liydrogfln; 
«L ^h) MibTtbifibt, 0*11', vlijrihmtiy bflm^rJf-*! vnkt^timfioua^oi mr<|hylon« 
vith II'. An lIkwi (Wo kii»1i nf liv^^ni'nrlstTiK 'iiinnot bn i]jttjit;;i]ulj0d 
wilb «ertal[tt;v. it »i]L bo movt Kiin^^Di^nt MicrfFiMilKr Ot^^iii Tiigrihur, 

TbAM hyiinioiii'l'Ufii DunnJvt, vttTidr uT ^iiir*^' iltitinrMjififn] bv giwtt 
(t1lrIuill^Ung PDWdr. or of tliin uil^ *u!iililo Iiuuuln ealk-d I'thril* OiU; 
nr vr cryflUlbiiii, Huiilibi, niid V4>1htil* (todiaji uiitrd t^irm/^A^M-ji i,t Sfmrt/p- 
tfun. irt of VMxy ihnrj rmjaou* boJiwi, tikv PaJ^I&u^ Otokmto, nml 
CWinl'^boiio. 

ITid fi>Mr>itrfig table nawtji* the beat known f LyrJrrA'Q rbuDt. iirmiifcd 
ID llie utuhiliiiii utder dF tha onrboD- aail hyttnj^ii-utoiua. 

Tlo ilolanniuaEiun of lUviv uuinbvr* ii uffvcTud by the /[tllbwibi; 

1, Ky iiJirnrln.iniiie frnin ithql ntbi^r nninp;iiiiL(lH Ji i<nrliLin liyilr»arbfln 
j« pre-liiofil. Tlinv wbon iilf4>hol it ^'urillc-l wllb ml nf vttrloV UfiJ Iik»- 
wj» wIjvq (oad-Dil If 'IL-nilnH will] pNuflpborV' tchiln « byJrix'urlhru !■ 

«iHlit('[)El L^P(jlrili]iiiL[ mrlKiii ind hvdrT>i.^i^]L iti C'Iuil] uuhibi'fr of almjia* 
ul him'H ulnilml ui (.'*n'0\ imd fii-ul-nil h C"'W'0\ »., c'<>u<:Ziiil« lUt 
tbf* bytiriK-nrtKiri dmvml frcttn liLivbd (nldliniit ^^^^)^C*H^ 'Uirl ihtil 
whicb i* j-pxlurril fr^iin fimol-ml (ainyb^nii irr myldii"l=C*'H", 

t. Uy JDleriijlnii>i; in "Iml proforUnn * hvilrocnrbon lomMnDt «Ub 
fDilii^r *iiLi*LLUdi4 mid iu wLat trmpoitiitD the fiydrojjpn^Enmi utu vulnlr* 
[tatfd lUnnun, Shi^Tn fur ij^ariifilii, <nl of lufju-uiiuc, reviink'il hh C'H'", 
LMttp only IHC]. iin fiinimlii nimi.jl vpfy *i*ll bo C'M', ihp C'H*, m, 
'fp ^kt OHe, L At' oil laf Eur|wE]tiiii! wtiubl inkd up only 9 Fmriion vf mi 
ifctofn of bydroclilorip D<i«i, vif., onp-biilf nr itn^roiittb, (Iri fomo Udnj 
,a( thii kiud, bwu^or, ic U ^ou^hl fircfenblo to mppoAo tliat V vr i X\. 



u« 



1TPE9. 



«r a b/OriHinrlron Ukn up I Al (»r AnntW ADliitftA»b^-ActJ«b m k 

*ffjr nTflli hr rtJonJ to t*Ji». nr t'JJ', or C*iL 

n- ny ooropuJuL; tlifi oWr^d ri|KrHr4M^t7 of • ^y4rMvb«D Bilk 
IbkC HML«ra ii pvcii by a^lcdlstiva fran lb* iwin*J farmoli. vn t^ b^^ 



tho rjui'itiiim iii^>|t|j:(l in tlm prwunt work, C'^H' iJioulil five ibo 



obflOTTnl doiitity it 317. Tlio formulfc C'lL* vgqM (n*k« IW tituiir 
only Liilf ttnA tw {ttm'An C'lT vuly iiifi *iii1) ■« r''*^ 

1. ^y I'vtHy^rnii^ iIld (ilnirfvuJ tijiJIii^" |>uiii1 uf a Syiirupkirtiuii wllk llai 

"mtu/ mlbtfollovrtPf l]ibl(t«tbff >(iirliiij;i'[iiriL i>' t]iiilK»ilin^pum(<if<iD^Af 
tur|idi]tiiiD(C"H^.liMip«an vtlot af vlilA in lilO', rr^m tl»u th* i*t«iiI 

jblJJtiouof aC l4 ft fviDpoua J TbuHLliobolllnif polut v> 3V|*Dd taft • 
•tnalEi^n I'f JClutf en ii 3!/- ^ nhiio^im tft4?^1lii<r^iL4it. ■.-arb iHtiLtiiun*f 
toiHivrim boiJiD^ ]>uEiit 15^a(l'lt4ch■^blFE!kCE-'lolL ^jf SH nim* it l***- 
lhff|iraBniE» irtr miut CLinUmC onnn^lvM witbs iiL^>ir:iloljr tmuf 
IraHn u^ imiimi], lli<i tablq «bi>wi,— If vrn FiiipI, fot v^ftiqil*, iiiaX h 4*1 
lilbn^ fu4Ahtul ivtili i^fiiiHuEKint^ Ui?ii]) «e iWt n1iL«iit bn tul bi«jjiii|> »! SJ*, 
»r»ij re^iktdfl u« Aiii^Ecitt:. C"!!'", but ■ftc'V^rJa «n <ul uLidi luUs ■! 
1G0 , *« EEiual *u|iiK4u Uiat £ Ab, AmykuQ bat« vbilfldtud ftmwi lAk 



IMIknf naJqt, 



II 


•lb. 


on*. 


•f fl* 


f 3 


-to- 


1 


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io* 

AD' 
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111' 


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laa- 


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321* 
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facYoflW koDWh in tt* ftv* Malr. 

TwM^iimt't Bflrt votw^ iMpjrimtf 
pmbkbj; — Uul>mt Of B«l>tH«<— , 

— I'lini Ii j'l I II i[ii wmi^rn. 

iHamSm I - fVlHtf}. 

ISrnjn.<iMi ^ TuIqdE — DfV^t ( « 1^^* 
l|«0 |(£[.JJUl])]|[]tll wblcb )*U« #1 JfiC. 

Onhprnmii — HfroJ t * /tif^'w 
NipblbuK n rrHi-pl], pBvWMavl 

(IqinKiri { — CbRw >, jtffibB&ilf an K 

vhwb boUft V ) ur. 
Cvapl)&l«M ( - ^Uj, 

CTB«.*-CMipbDtiM(»0-r) iiitllrl 

?<nirTa] nJI it (Inn*. 

Oa af (v|i«iiUh Ln li> J^hn 

w***, ItiHppgnniitt* tiiMnti 



PRIMAUt NUCLKI. 



w 



C H ait. 



Ilalllnc polDU 



20 18 

vt an 

21 aj 
sn It 

10 If 
80 » 



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us* 

JlKI' 
MO' 



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far 
2;b' 



All- 

JIIV 



natphof 

«ni|ifbar 
cuu|ibur 

waphor 
ell 






MaaUtoqd. 

Kai>htbnl In rjirkoU. 

lilrL>Un, probublf ~ NnndaiEflii, 

Oil af ra^Hjt Mill f^\ nfCaWlrf, prttbalilf 
— Oilrunf, hbtub thfkUatM?'- 

(4(ritL- Tilt T'il^iuIa t^lf iinjWiiIj h«' 
loir* >JttP Im Uk« T'llliinloc «ttllhUltMa> 

R4f«t-<'4iijM)iWi !£H0'- 
nTll-irrtlM J?J 
TfHiiKrih^'t 

C#lp|ili-"p^ Pr'milfFii'H wWrli Mil « )sn% 
likvHtK ljclH»igi ig ihi' irlvre, >4 f*r •■ III 

nll>"r ]*»Ti[inrt*Bi Olt (■'■PK'CllinJ. 

V*nm. piiUlil^ C^B'.in 



4D 40 9)11- 3I>0< .ullil 

4f au i9i' JHU' bvutpbUf 

Oil cf wuj Aund, Hni-^licLtiu, CuuhU'Ulpui?, ito,, c^uuUuik xCll, Hubl^ 
lltvk Kl>irj HarlltrN fcC"!!' , huL wilh nvifwd Ki l^irn" iind u, f"w uilior 
KTil'ncVferliitiin, v*' icii iil wn\H. at ii\tKi^t\-ntii\n* tif thn fn/*tx t — (« 'H itnlr-r 

\hoj oontLUDi 

FriiiL t^i" tnl'tEf junt fivnn, ihf riillnwln^ iifiiialLiitii>iiH mn.^ lid itnwn : 
C^rimh ji£niuiru,Uy winliiitiw ^itli ]iyi]r[>gi^q m vcrj^ unk[tlo nuin4>ri<al ]tn> 
poTLintih iLnd modt frtqwrtly in (h? mllo of I :k; ftud thus tboro ia 
prodiiivit b icrlot of pnlymnrio i^nmptiiinitfi, ■!! uf ivliidi ountaio 6 pU. 
tv J |it. U, wLik iho iuilivjilual ibUHtii Ju luniu au(i> aoiiuim E, la otbon 
4, tf, W. 12, 111, £0. Jf J, Sn vt 40 Ai, C mmi H To tli'tj HUriuM, ulm, 
hi(1oiij{Oi] uf WilXh Aunvl, tfjUiOiulUik. mii4 Citi-iki]rlioun, in mIuiiEi tbd 
aumbar of atoniP cuDiini itl prvaunt }"> dol^rnim^^.^Tbc rnlio '^f V i in 
UiioviF ftviuvnt nniDrrvna\ m m C^'ll^sud C"H';^ji]ao tbntof 3 ; I, m 
toC**JI'ftLidC'll"',-tiiiH of a:2inC"U";— ilmiiif ,^.£mC*il' ntiil 

LJDDiBnf uf \vm (tviu^'iti uivumMivu, 

TbiHt byilrvi^nfLiHid which duntHJti (uit morv ihoD B At> luboti, an 
jEttMOQ* lE u, aQ'l m.%^ b? n-diit^nii by fooUn;^ boii prHurv. lo vi«ry tbin 
(fil'L ThiJW wblrli cvpntbin mors itiin H Alomt of ^rboii, *n fl^thcr nily or 
•bliJ, koil ici lliu LklL«r iVL^A) crytflolltiic ami akui|ilur^Li!ka. 

T^KiM uuiii|>uEii]l* Ltru iLion kni^lfitiME lu iJiv uily ntiJ kbit to ibo wn- 
pliOTDiilLk vLjiIc. in pTci[]<>rltun iiM lliu Ditiubnr of QlcmcialArr ATi^riit n'litfh 
ODlf.r into Ibu i^t^miKKEEtuLi ot ihi vumpouml utoia ii ■ni'iirDr, uii'l ivj clia 
cnHiQli proilaDlitiiktfli Iru* uror lh< bydnri^nit. TbuA, aII liydi'uou'buiu 



irhlab may bv ttspntttoUnl hs tbo fi>rmLjU rCII dto •uly, cuooptiiuj Witii^ 
oU ewiipbur. Kuvu-nUiiHiur, Aurml, ll4utkL<rtK\ MalmjeLUii) iulI CWjnt- 
dboat, iu| of h'Eiiirb, to jmlgv iivui ib^irr buUiii^ paiutf, lUiihr MoUkin % 
W^ rmiEiUif of ^ruiiiuiiutry :u.uiii>j FiuaDlu iilw, CH'', dvubUuH vwoa 
It' fumpUuividib} QoaditiuD lo iLn oHmt obiBi^Od lbs uUibc liud, aU 




Ids 



mu- 



tj^mauhtnt in wfiioli iha niEo uF the C-aMmt la Lho nnMu» = t ; I, 
>Br6 iflfOtS ; U«ni ntmplKiriiikJ, flvaii uliuu the humber of vlfoiMti 
■Mm eenlAifaid ia tUuircompouDd aiUma i' ^^umpnmlivrJ/ Biiiall: C"l 

Until lati'l^, ihfl iioi»-;m«couB aoA nrFniiwtiiij" hyiifor»Aotif 
Ln^lmlijil In Ibe umo roniLJy wUb a niMitli^r ^f «iiiin|uiiin<U of vnaJ 
UftLuro, but ^.'uutiiLjiiir^ tm\t\[ ijiirjulftjc* uf uivl^v^'iIh "T tuFpliur. <if uf mI- 
|iErur u-bi^l iijIruK^iL. L««iJi^j onliuii uikJ hjrJrugaD- fbii fjiitiUr !■ tbtl 4f 
lltp I'arif^ifr, Kthett'ti. at KofnUnI Oili m i:Aii w-fT rnntt. whicL, jicKvHi>f 
n« thrir infilling jfUit ja Mnir nr 41h>vii 1K. kn> diridvi] JJito VataXiU Oi 
jfi-njuT, Mid C'Jmpfi'i'-f or SteJ>rf\ptnn. 

At tli« cnmi^Mlion of matiy ootiiiiohikIi facfiid?d h VkU Ctmlljf > *VA 
ue ffOfioautTy niiiiurtii of iroc lijdrrwajboni ln'il^ ox^fUml hyitrofstk*^ 
Ea n4>t ynl ■uftli^ieotlv knnwd h' julmit I'f catiiiilutc itnJ auel ■efMtiMu^ 
bbdn miininmr-, i-hitir fftrrnntinh hn4 prrfwrnlinn, tliiTJt prDiiHrlt**, Jm«- 

tuKiliDiih, nxid nimhiimriikiii prr>4r>i]l niAny pninu itf rcwrmbUofv^ b «fl 
» b*il tfl iniradiiot Ju (bli pl&oe i fcnaral Tic*r of rolttjle olb U iW 
vidor HUB, 



/^iVTW^fion; Fn. HcrniAii?!. (>r>u<^ii^i pAya. Mim. Lik I, «, I, 
J. d, 0.— SmiJiBiUAV. J. /^-rrm- 23, AS?; al«>i J^^. il4«rH- Si^ Ml; 

Pharm.{\ntr. i1i*7.1tK<K—Sfn**ttt.tytK J.pr.CKnn. M^Si^ — CaHOCSL 

i—^o l]« Jii^ht oil* oUUiinKil ill iIjp DJhilllAthQii of Vfood, '^^TT'" "*^ 

to, J!fV,— i^TispiiiDiTflE.— Ou tbn o^tfl produwd hjiha utifl* of BaMtfit 

Uid on ilkfr^rPitl vcj^fllAblto. A»t^. /^W■l.T4| STSl CAm, ^411. IW 

S]rvc{jfc ^Viivir^; MARTitia. Biptrt. ao, SA4.^>Biia]iiib & iCotiL 
Bmnii. Arch. 1t\. tyfi.^QvirHiVKT it CttAatust ff ^jUMttTiiT. ^. otiK 

70S; JnA, rAam. [VL HI, 18; fAant. cV«(r, I1150, lAT; /ii4>«Jr. 
1850. 4S0. 

Cfirmval Jf'faivtnt. Comjmiri'm : Bokritaatc. Mt/mrmU Cimim, 
9, i:f4-^r)jian tUvJh. tUr f%tm. % 211. FmincnoY- JtflLr. ^. ^ 
019.— Roman tr Hhh t'htm. Phyw. l\ t7; »im} .V, TV. A, f; |J 

^Ain»riiit Jn« C'<*>flt /'^v i^. r^»r> und ,i:t7; iIh S-Aib. ftii, 9«9; 
Ifli knd 30 5««; aUu iV. Tr. A. 1. S«l •.nrl J. 9, lit. O.^lnL V. IV. 
A. 1 111.— DrVAk. Ann. VHim. th^ 48, 480; klu Afllv. ««, »rT. ,£*& 
CAim />A^«, -^11, \vt «hi] VV1» il>u Srku\ 84. 78 ma 8(1; feW >fvL 
/*AiTin. A, ,^ itnii MiT; ulia .V. Tr SH, 1. S8L. 7. /nlorm Vt, 1*1; 
ftlto ,Urt- fiflrnt. 8, ^ mJ *, »,17t aW S. Tr. W. 1, Ml- J. /tWn 
Sk, 1^1. &]aA.4f>*. i%iTm. 1J, l^9> bIao 7, yv. C^rm. 4. «9T.— l>ITBtt 
Fmuoot. jIbh. Chim^ J'Ayw. 57, BSi; «lto J. pr. C^tm. i, IH,- 

IbllA BuirtTHJR. j|i«H /'Artm- d, 1^9. — BL&Nnirr. *Um- /*!**> 
T» IA4. -Kahk Z'&iV, JVaj?. 7. 13. iS7.— Zuu<b. ^atri^ / /«vm 
l«. 1.73, 1*0,317. *9J.nirt; IP, I, «y 



PUU-iTtV Mrccni: VOI.ATILI OILS. 



1ST 



T». SaI'HIim, Ann- CkiM. Fh»- <!>■ ^^i i^m ^<W' vl. 370; ul*o 

JJraimjii'nli'm ly DiMtiliathn u-ith Kurf^y Subnfantn: Haiuik. CvtU, 
Ann. IT?10, :f, lin krhl l^fin— W, U. TKi>MwBtJUKPr- Dva. i^f o^fU nvn- 

lJn:'jmp<m'vfii f-y A't'/ui J-i'it' ,' OlaVJ) KA.anJciriiij. 7'ham, /tfilhO' 
lini Af'ii ^ntil. fi I'i-iiof. Kbfn. IGTl' — Fu, ]Iuv^an?>, O^imc. fihjji- 
tfun. Lili, 1, Obi, a.- OEomov. Jfem. dc r.tmU. dt J^nrit^ l7ir<*j 

le^W^.V A'hMiio'i. », t2; nad Crfli Ann. i;fi.^, 1^ 433— KeidL Crpr// 
J*A. Kf'Sj 1, 30S.— Giitw, CrrW Ann. IJhCj U. 1 51 — PnlXH:*, 
CWW -iflTi, 1787- 1, 4*0— PHinifft. X O'hi. fl, 37fl "GpoTTUUit, 
JT. [.^2-».:09.— Do^UTRE, J.rh.uw. n,520;ftl<oX Tr 12, VlliO, 

^tfion <i^ Sii.l/'/iurif uhJ Uyiirochiifric dciJ.- HjiiHh, Cre/i Ann. 
1 T£{it 3. ^^ aoeL IXH.— ALiiAUfJ. f'Ann. pAirjr, ^'cAn^Vv, 3U/t. 

^rfinn i// Jvhfie: Tuciii^N. Kuru ulrrtirfil drp wifhtig^fn Rm^ 
^mtifii, *. SO r-^WAtCKlSIL Pt^g^. fi> 120, — WhHMOtt. ^CLLDn. ifr. 

^■cA. a3^fS^»it3a, !^T<— Wepckl-Kd, Y^f^rri. 3S,27i 4ail33. IS^, — 
GutuT, ^. ft'^M!, yfty. 5, 230.— We[.Ih. j|yi«- /'Ar^rrn, tfJ, i:tUi iilxt 

TWflfif'^ Rthfrrai. Earntitti, nr Didrlitd Ot/n in attn^-at »re organl* 
eanpwiid6. viiljBf cDQUvtJiig wlinlly of carbon ■ml LjJrogcii) orofLLAHrun 
•iHlnnb vilh ihlililiuu of iitmll <|UUiilklH of oiyi^ii, 0uT|iliiir, ur ujlri>- 

C; mumlj ftiii»urk*"H of h(H'ciFj« ^tavity from Oliti? tu rOl>4i mrvl<r 
virr ibjin wuiAT, iiLil Etii-'fi uiily iil u nltgliL iIfjivf; 4')i]iali]4i of luauuibjf 
the crj-"tBllnio fiirni ;i[ v:Lriaiia tuLiijK^mLiirra froin Mti*— Ht' io + U*!!'; 
of iiiin *'t^y tonr'nti'iiry at his^Dr toniprirAtnraH^ nn*] whoHj or parily^ 
vubij]i>ai HtJJi bijE^or t«iTi|mnti;r\4, iit"y Ifi^fv a tnaa\vin v\[y itaJL «d 
Mpcr; libT^ a |Hiou[itif iLii-l f,vTttiniily fiiiiij,'i:iit rxluhf, iip^iiililv iji jhdd 
ntBVa. roptii^ivfi LQ iiElkun: und a kfrunu^ uiMtly wunii n-uit itrE>in]ttif 
UtU; — tKaj* bum villi m bnjilit liut very pumky JLinw, had divoitfl mry 
*f4'inc1v I" "Btvij liul nwlily in rikoli^rl aud nEhtr. 

If lliit volutiJu All H IjiiijIlL 111 ir\ il in nklttJ 7*1/1111/' i^tf pffper. 
E^fj^fi' (lVfBi*llin) VT Hyfj-'im'i f Ukutu); iT it iLoo< U'lt moll till huutod 
nbuifl , it u dlatinj^utfilH^ try tUi> li?rni C^ti'ij'Am- (NnuuiiiJiii. C/tjmHt 
Mti/f-a, 1751. 1,*3H)h C'anif/iariitt {TTuiunMMliX^rt^tjf/Hfae (BflEiuliut). 
or ^^mutn (BitiitJ. 

liiatfry, BocrSmfp rrj^H&l ttkktilc nil" iM iininpiiHiuli nf n rc^loam 
■Dbatmltitq velIi * pocutinT «durai]i priociptp, Sftf^os ilntfr Aroma, 
wbifb liv »upjx»i.'ii Fo Im lii^Eily vuIllIIa buiI t»Fi.'tly puuJcn^lu, i^iirl la 
be th* nuK i»/ lEio^Eof ifm inUmia uf uE>;i»uio budiu*- At pfti*ciii, hnw- 
«rcr, i[ ^« fliippnAnin rv« lint lUjUfUHh^l liy Qruii Jknii Fuurnnty. iliu tlin 
poCDilbi odour 'kf voUlJlo nili 11 a prti|Hjrty faolnnfing to UiH bndiw 
tbaiu^lrun 

Stmr/n. I, In [hit uniinnl km;idui]i, \x\ w\^B. In i-iul'TUtjui, in ;km- 
bfrj^J*. in ibe "Itnkinf liipiiil of lhf< Kiiv-r^ /'uJuriuM. mul pn-UnUly m 
TTtfiijf vtljci ixtiirout uoiionl iprott^i't*, - ^, In the vi^^utulilr Lia^-Jiknit in 
i^ry bnfir qu»utl^J. in almo^L ull \-wU nf E^kv plaTii, m m tUf wood nud 
IqrV ut Eliu *(iiiii 4iiJ r"i>t. undur tiii.' ti>idDrijiia ul tUo lvbvuj» aiJii^tH^ 
pfUUi, frniu, kdr^ in ihv dlfluruul duutiii^;!! uf iba jnud, luiil iu ibvwllolHr 



tS0 



TTpm, 



mmwul kLngiJum, ic rock oIL 

Hkii^ vokfiln Dit* urn ^irfiiCnu/^^ /umnf by lll« J«Df aAllKjUl 
priHEurrd hy hnu[, hv fcnnrinuciaii^ tiy viilpbitrio or |Ji»phDnc vi^ ""^f 

I , In Ujo Dry or /Vri/n-cfi'i*- DiMillotitm ef mort Mhftf «V*^ W^ 

ilil, tomMliTin of thrn. wnittirnrfl uf llkirk cihiuialrnn\ ^bl^h ii« >tlv> 
turp iif vnriuE]" rnTalilp nil*, rw^in*, smA other td^wtd-un^ TTie a& Aa* 
prr>flucpL| urn Chllnil ^^'p^mMniftUc Oih, {fftrntN^e, hnaaiJi^ odiriv^ 
rtvmiaMhf Otff, Pfff^.^ffr, ^p, Tfr, flo, Hl^ B7 np«aM IJiallhttM 
»il^ nr uidiniit ^ntff, (Ikfi citmj^rvumitio ofl*i may Iw ft*«l fron nrii^ 
o.i>H <jhijajni-4l m Mic f'jr-rn oT Thin, i?ulaiir{«# fluids B/ dftllllBllim «■« 
linip ur pulLuh, oiJt wMcH du not cuiibiiio H>lb Ibw nlkilii n*^ b 

IJUD OPT diluti- miliihurtct iti^id, uivj haj- I4 frved rmi womona mI 
evrrmiia rnljifiNt Blkttlnid*, nliirlt nto Mknw'iiiP formal jp lbs dr^ dJiClk 
linn, T1j<- |»rp>t|iiet IIiub ubCninciL It ikllirr m Himitln iini|iTri>n»HJi^ atttir 
» lulitun or v«vpral; iJift mode at topiLntftnf iKrm in tbn Isltrr aat«il 
bo cniljuDed wlian wp cciiw l* Jpenk of ihelndlTidud alli. 

TU*^ ■i]ipjHiiiniilifl nila $^nt uv alihtr pMlv hjrdiwtrbon^ koEfc tt 
Kdpiniip, or ni^dkiind liydritnurbnnn. Ilka Omaula; m Ilk* toutVfT, mm> 
uf ihcrn arr ml,* I'mporry fn ^nllcd, tiii^li 11* ihiiMi jq4 BtnlMnt^r vUfe 
bihrr* nrr enlnpbon or «f»rojpt*iiw, Ulre NuphlhuJin, 

Many ei]if>yti;uniatlc oiU ak prodnwd bydlrlillmit tjrsfHtie coiquMfc 
ttllL «iT» of bu'vlii, litKfiH [HiLydwoB ijhoipborio «ii^ qr chlntU* af 
line, Thu twn fnnncvr hmljn "iirv" tn wilnJmw (ha vhoU OT iba 
pjtri iif llll^ in*E^n fmm iha urifrvrLid r'jEirjiuuiirl rn »lio form of 
urM, ihi* [ff*i iMl^r in Tcmnvp U in fK*i itTtn cif nliit. 

lo bu f'^niitil ai \\iv *rihitii rvr]'ii.']iliiTjiiiip r^nd otbef tilnt^r pruraA 
drruiitj^uiljim cif i|ii>dijr»tiii purl' "f mTiinI', — e g., fn*o1'T*JI (*hu^ 
i**6ir, M AH nliVibnlJ, -inrl th" mli r>biii^[ji'd by iKb^m^ //ft. Omfmmr. 
^'ir/ai^r. }f-- ■ f.jGtnnit Ac-, lo fennopl io ronlvct with 
and di»liJliri;- Ml.' '-A trttm- 

3, IWW-^'- I " ; v. jM'i/ Try -W^HrV 4n<t.— To lUl 4hM M«U< 
nf Wim-, iiruilii'. I } y iIk; lEithlludiin of alwhot vith «««■» bf ^ 
titriol l-'urfuFv»L, ^ttd ntbn niEt of riniilur fiitlurc, vbkb nm oTvr 
drliilr >i]||]]iiirir vJd (kilK nT »ilWi1 ulilifiun of oiiplr of TUsp«M») 
dwCillrd Willi ari»ili)«l> i:1iiTr<n, Hlnrr<^, in^r, Stc, 

4, TflfiKiVe ',i/* ;r,wfj^rt-J /'J* Ph"i*f'i'"r\e itfMl.^PfppvnBiiii.i 
dlMillp) wjtii j>1wiirf»borii< n^iil m pmsTDTtod. frilk 1«V tff vilvr^ Into 
IbABC. kpd KUjiJ iaiu <^tf tniiD, 

'r. Whi'ii ■^cl-iniL !■ djwutlvvtt in ililui-: livr|r<nJ]Iuiict>t»iJp|imai 

0^ Tbo voMiftf oLh of ^/""P" »Jm"na ivnd *7au&Amfl ^f 
n»7 lik««Wv b« Bfcl4lu«d \fj AtiiD^tHl prowwn, 

Thma T&lRti1« nUi wbicli axi*! rVBdj^furTned lb piMte v^J lah 
Ol*fwn»llj FiKlufd in wJI*) ojT ■>buuuH!'ly ocAorotb** of titers 

mptbwU. 



TRTnrART 



I, 7tj/ Pnvmff. Till* mtHfliorl «ii»>«li only wjlli nM*iTB pnH« of 
plvnla wliivli kre vfty rIcU b uil, incU it* Ic^iMori ilticI orfoiui^'p^l- 

1 fSf D\ttittntion, fBiwrally with i-Uilioij o! vr«Ecr. — llwtlnjETil.hmit 
Wtar ii apJ to prmhinn nhnmnir iin<l luhiixturti i>f iiTn[>VF«uuitti4? Oil* 
Thd lubrtAiirra runuitiih^ iha vnUlilnoil %tv riilnrc mitinf wilb wottr ia 
b liiiYi^ «li)l nr nilnrt^ and ^lint^lloH n^^r onlHiiLrnt mm'ttmcifn . *m tbay 
W pbifnl m thr drr oMlr on id viipr-r |ierIr»rAlcH ltib«i> i>f ihr Atill, uiiJ 
nbjoptttd 1o ilip tctt<iD of vapuur vf «vLtrf. Alilioiijfk Thf^ tuiiliik^ pinut 
«f DiHl Tvlalild ulJ> ji nliDvi LL;*t of whfBr. iIlpv Eirvfrlb<<l«« vvlBliLln 



«f «ml«r iinxluuAJnttlinl, U^miwrnturii <!., VKA jtiul ittlT } In lUfldEilil- 
klivb uf t!ii> Ir^ *r'latil? o^l*. luyn-^vpr, it \* naniil ti mJpl duiiiiiiipii mIc Iu 



tb« vater, hi grdor to tup* IIio (aniprntTito ■ fpw iIj-^ttt'*, mi'i ilintLjr 
ipgiBM llt» Undoacy uf ilie oil [o ]■■ u^or "iili the ni^u-niiH vijiour 
The vnpourt couJi'Dir m Uiii Ooalinjf IuIhi ur rui^ivur, whivli i* kept rvlil 
ftf lliv piir|>MM'; mil] tint whIot l«k(iii uy n" lauvLii 'pf (li> <>il %* ft i4 
afe|4l]U' of 'li*«bKmf;. 31 tlif< igiiiintitv "F dlI prnMHil '" fii-hti* rliii" »iifH' 
Cbtnl lb >4lUFiil« ()in VAfr, lliQ ci«H tppfrnlc* «qt; in tlio rmilnLry '?wo, 
tbp dihtilUlji ii f-,hfti>a^; thai U lo 4y, ilin whUr rnnl^kiniiijr tlin oil In 
vli^tion \f[ *i>a|.i]Li-<1 wiUi * frfwh uiuinlUv of (hn vglritfrnm* irhii^fa contvin* 
lilt oil, antt tl.ri'r>L'by iniA* M Mkc ii]f ■ ilnuMn <p)[inticv of r»jl, A mntjt 
abcindLiul |>n>dii<:| m UItawW ifitiin^iJ bv iliiUfrin/f ihr Ptr'lji-tniil T<^i:fil>liL<t 
■nbtt^BCA "ot *ilb pur* wnt*^f| Iml wjili wntrr *liiyh fcn yp^nwinnnly 
IfBtn trwJ fur thii ■luic diillllpili'inr hinl i* tlirrafotn ntuFuLi''! wilh urL,^ 
ir thff oil wL^i'L ]>bnn nvor rciblitj tnUd^HiP^, tlin «iwlip|f Lubtf lULjpt not 
btt k«pb ki Ii ^vTj luw {<*ni|-crnciin-. Tho oil irliwlj fmllml* •itbur nt ilia 
top or «l ttu- ^'tll'piii uf \\\o wmLcr it KpiLtut«il nKrlmhtniiUy (tctm tfin 
Vfllcf. Tliii irpiruLlori hikv liv ftir lUd uiukl part dtt^ri^i} iliirlnj; Uio 
di>tHJEiliDii Lfy rl>n umi nf tlin fir-finrfj ft-r ^aJ^J* {fiwtnUntr /ViWAff), Mil 
«ilb«r hppjiivliu cNiiiiririwI fi»r th** purpnoi \n/ V^,vf%\]Wr <J. Mi'm, mfd. 
Sk M], Bnmi'« {.\\ fir- A'^Ik M, IS^O' ■>r*iriB'<»t f/. Mqrm !Hh ■EE'T), 
«ad Htii"lpr i;^aAr& nr, J'^arm, T< 1>G|. 

Miiny pUiit* yi»id • hwf^r i|itaatily *pf oil fcfl" l^^7inf; "n-i wln-n 
diHJJjBil IP iha fMnh •Uli% B-ilh rolJ waJ^r, tbey yidJ « »nij*mli"*W 
krr* <|iiiwlity qf nil 1«j^tlk(>r wltli tiirbid irfttuv; liut if auvcrod wiOi 
ioilibjf wnl'T Liirl ihrh itimllnlt (hry jictd flnnr wiit.4*r lUiiL Icm ueI. Tbo 
««iiH «f lbi« 'liifp^fTDco It, tK«l vfcp tho pTnni 14 driiHl. br iiiifunnHl m 
cold witber contdliLlae ^'' '^^° *'^^ oi.i>liBes uil l« tbrrohy mu^itrixJ [em 
■aluble ifi wLcr; bomi^ It fonii* n fnfumr »ud luf biil lolulion, aod fitr Lbo 

VoJjiUlv r>il« nbiAlncil by <tJ«(JUii^oii, juilI UknwiK Uid w^ier whirb 
pMOf orrr nLtli Ibna, faavo at Hm u uuplaunt, "nifyrDnmiittD uluu, 
vliicli, Li>«V¥i'F^ ii nut |iPriii)iiltiDt^ 

3. Miui^ •lFuii;{]v Jiiui^lljn^ pari* of planlt yloli] na Tolfttil* oil* wa 
by Kwrtftl EnbatrttTLin fc-itb iml'Hr, prulmlilv TMimiiK iW i|BMitity*in]- 
teiQH m ibpin n Ura bihaU. nr t^c^nut thn qiJ jt t4xi BtiluMv hi wnor, ur 
tea muci Ip«llti«d tft .Iwiriip*"^' \\y \\t<- ■<- ri(*ii ftf »JP muj Li*»t ; r j.. tlio 
dowvn (d Riuiy klnTLi uf .V-"c>**>jfl o-nJ Jitf-wiAik; of P-fy<tv4fm Jot*- 

Siifiii, yuritt odoM/fi. JaMmiiitn f-f. i''hilfitMj\hn^ . ■. r u^i, T*.tA<% 
vn^yra, ffranta vdornity iJflmtn-j'iNM Kums'^''^" --••- U n^iwvra, 
placad lit lnyi<n 1>^iir«^ii colTon »nfeknd in olirt oil, int|iurt iJ>cir pcrfum* 
10 t)m oil. 

Prom aonHi 4f tJiom it hai b<en found poMillilo lit Dxtm^L tba »4uri* 



leo 



rrrei. 



KdiftUlcd ilie f^vli (kwoIIm ai PofyaplAt JimymS^ with mW m 

Hipi'l iVcim lli«< jnwrr, wDE'>r^ ^av<^> immjIIi'iI Ok* rthftr 'n4t iJw vptf 
IhjLiLiI Ht Ji ^riitlr hm- ttn\ 'iMn'n^Ft ■ retidur mvti*liii:g *r nyiuJlW 
n'vitfiU'A, Tni^ihcT wjiL a njoihtr-I^^fiiitlH vb^i^lit HboD evuvrMc^i 4 iW 

Di^iiiik'!, h'lii-ii (jur]fi<!j» fottiinj im jnailurDiir tit]»]>W; vtA it tippfiu«J t» 
|Ljl'i«jui.'U lUue Uim fjiliirirmniN c*i] wiu miivLkrEi^f iiitii tkii tfkBpk^l 
rtjHtpiEtii tc» tltn nir, — L. A, Biti^liiirt ;{-V. Hr. ArrA. \ TO) <«!■■ 
■rnukr rn^ulln tjr Bpj-lylin» f(«k>t<)iiola procow to Eho A^vcn *l i 

1, Ttic l??i vul&llic uiLb, null iiiorif ujiucjully Uitf ruuylurr*, if* 
tvjkO (rtutiriill^ ii^ljwiK'd liy ukubul <tr i^Elivr, from Viliitli lh«^ 
■finruHTili •rjqifiLUiil by fivujjumliun imd nuklmif, 

Miuii' jji]in-iiijjn>s ti^rli mi mTrrh, da nnl tittd tip «U wlllick 
contain, or «t IcuL yifbi \i trrry' Mxytaiac^Xy. Cf dijttJJAitiafi «>*Ui 
bNAim IC in viir«>bipnfl }n it\\v.\\cy ujattm^ Tv cilimH lli« m\ iron 
gViO-rMii", tb^y i«rv r'uI^cfiBeJ ni"l llicfi (^ilioiiMflil Uiw* (^nc* ailk 
C^iul lUQ/ilitv ufouJil nlrvk^i*]!, ik^iliilijia fn'i|urEiL]v. und T#*ni^tbfl 
to ■t«na for nmne Lnnc; tba Hlb-Tm] liiti'Enrp i> tbnn panrvd into b 
'lated rdlArt, both 4]H^r(nrpi> of wbkh are \p-h np*n, hn<l tvA fur 
'piDnLbfl at Ji wmpnmTum o( \%'—%\\ r.lU iho iirooiof ptn of ihe 
Ifl viuporuToJ (1' \vmX wfiT appliolt t(i<r vll worUJ LkcwiiA p«« 
Tba UirpflriLiiiA bho tiWuo ^e L/icuDufamd ^vitb VEjkr. nad duiil 
l*olv« iiPilr»» ^vliuKuiioD ibii oil pHiHi war iti ubunilaae*^ ( 
/. Pharm. iT. tOA; ^k i^'. IV, 21, 1, £70.) 

TK* prrt^vpL nbuinoi] hy tlibvf of theio iLiH noilu vf _ 
^RAlp Untifbt of iL *iii>i>tu yuktile oil, hnX moalljr of ji miktaxv fd li 
'AT inort *AU. Tho llfblar ud raor* v<^biLjl» of tUns » uMall^ 
krdrocwboa; lh«ulbvr ■■ fitbiirAn nil rr^nuilniiiu nxvEon, nr 
'fbaict bo^jiu an ■miLntininH <li«lir>i(in>l4ii'1 \*y likni> rnHni^ ]>itiiii» ^ 
ft voUiilh oil, |.rii|>ttrly in c-iIViIh oftiin b^^Mt a c*niplii»r m tolmjot, 
(hp ^ai.rTrryifiaLbF''> -^di on FoaLmg. cipe^Loilj If pitrr of ilto *44*fatt 
' rblcb I* moFD ftbily vitpufiitJ) liu bcnu |ir«¥joUAl^ ilriv^n niL &■ 
■ mr^m Lhry uir JiBlin)tuijil»d bjr Ibt^ir flid«mil rolaUttljj 
ft mil [urn j* ^ijttiljn*!, ilin boiliun poim Jimt fiml tow, hut rlfta 
of tKp tnnrv t^ilnEilfl nil id tlin rfuiilu? ibiamiihrt^ lUj «) 

qoftnlrly of (b4 iii^ro fli^?'! tAU, ibo l>ol]Lnj* iioiDi ua Job^vr 
muftiuj cuutant- In njoli ruw. ibu ruipro vulqlibf uil 
vbitlly (»f Dnf)h»ii nnii byJmifi'ti.h'liWr tbn iiioni Hiud uil liJ 
n^£<^. I'bi" forrncHr nitkV bn ^liitiJJui) niUicruL diK'nmimiDvo Over fa 
hjFdmie nf potaali , Iml ibo iPtiR difd oil vbtn (l)U« tmla^ LftL« 
•p ftdditiouft] ■kiidJiCit V of oA^^eTi froDi Ibe v^tei ol ibf h^tlmte of 
(liliftTJiliii^ ibr Jivitiu^ir), hU^ i» (vuvurtad Shio m\a ftCid vbick 
eombmnl vitb ibc putiuli, Ik'im la >t]iftnb tbc dDtt^iii 
^m ■:i^i-l; ft mulun>. tl i« jurlly dJ«liJl*d ho w ta }t%r^ 

rl^ ptn of tl'c motv Aicd oil, and tttr porlioi) wliicb iMt 
i^r ui Hni* ■liHi>'lj' iLnrojth ibo cuVmluj of ftot'ili«r ivlort «j 
bjdfHla of puUHb Lq>( in il alitU uf futiuu , iUp flun-DnrirniiilAl tSk 
pftiie*«rtr |iqrt ftirEbmrdl & CaliotirB. A- Jnn^ £3lL«i.7'Ayi, |, «L) 
1/ ■ raMib oil faw lf««n p«nJ7 o«ivort«l into ■ Ifnn bj 



srr 



Tsn^^. 



PeiUAhT KUCLai! VOLATILE OILS. 



161 



*Tit"r. — Any mctiitoPQ irhLi[i luthpro* to nai "^l vtny be rcnioved by 
cnnunqvi) poHjLct ud Agitaliuu with ciiUnUo uf vtkLciunj. no-J tuWcqudul 



I, H'lfA J^utd OHm. — 1, Oil* itntN luliilliimU^S liwivn iipnn pupnr a 

rtui^>puL, wIljbIi roniiLEriii ovuu sfim Irm^-E'fliiriciLiml fcurmjnc it 100^.—* 
\^|ii^i] i)i« EiJLxlufd in -luiillcf] wiih wrvt^r, thrr voKifle oU |iuami ovh» 
while tUo fiiM oil i^idjiitih, nji4 mo-Y bv i]«Ifii:1vd by Apouifyin^' it witb 
potaa^,— S. On diKolving t]k4< vif]4l.il« oil in lLrD<] IfUtDi- iu vuluinu or 
HO {•i.'T CQiit nkobul, Mid ^ochWr fiart uf lUu Givl i>'t1 nriiEiiiia un^EWnlvipd, 

fL IFirA Afm^, — 1- When ibA prtiportinn of alfibol b Ni^i«j Cha 
gMlcr f<art of it nmy bo 01 trout oiT by waier. Ifii? lik^iiiJ uviiiir'n^-- n 
milliy lurbiUrCy,. Hvrii^c tlid qiinntily ul llIooIioI may w iLtlPMniunJ 1iy 
tbjLkint; Li|j lliu uii wilt] \M e-^wA Imfk 'if ivnT«r in tt ^rwttiiilcil U'iMhIm 
fvBt ibcUi't lonjT, »nc| olucrviug tliu JimmutiuD of rolurac- (l.ljj-jwitt, 
Jf^ Sr, Arch. 30, PAt,} Tim n^uH, liui^BVur. le nut c|ui:a neriLmtn, 

of 1^ ji4ir|ji of nil of [i|Tp4iiLli]iP am] I porf nf iilftnliiJ, *Ii>m nnt Imxiroo 
turbiJ 4.10 ■ddttivn of water, an rl ri-i|i]inMi fn«f[Lif<iLl ij^italLoo wllli fmh 
uiubutitLH Lif wuLur Lu frw tl ffuio tbo k^L'Ufvt |iiLJt uF llic akiitiul, 
Wtcii |)UiiKd u|)fm wntuiH H iHny bo uUppflftJ to give Up Ibe ilcflhol id 
■Tria. {Vbui)ui>lin, Jte)^, f^'Ainr. i'Ayi, |<J, £?Ll, hIjo ^w. ^A, 4^£I.) 
— !i. TW imiiiiro, Hlirn ilihiillni] whk wntiir» girim offlbw idfloltnl nt tbo 
vory hr>EtniiiiiE i>f tbfi iLiFlUktinn ; nml thi« Qnd ^liatillDtf^, wlkcn ivintvp- 
limtod by TTttmratioP, yii»l<l* iilnrhhid, ™wily tn™piirc<l by \U i<nu?ll, tiwto, 
^luiEv. IitfUinL- pulnt, ftitd lliinp — i. Into a gndofttcd tube, iwv- 
tlunl* fillvj witb t\ta oil, ttriao i<\iKf* <if oblojido of vjilrinui, frov from 
ilbMl, am liiLrfHluii^t iiud ibu wbufci biiLlvJ lur Uvii immh'a uu llui wiitnr^ 
bath, w\Vn iti^i^ni'iii H^ttiiliipii, If iiu lUoubul m prikA'aU tb" liLiiijin of 
Vbli'tidpof CiLlriudi jiptitmr ntMiJuirvd uftur doubijjf ; if 4 Diitull ^uqnlity it 
prcMDti tlioT apiirar vmnnjju'iict aekj btikod lr>a«tb(?r; and p Inrgori^uuitity 
t^uiDi tbriLL tv il^Li^iiOHC *itb Ihv 4lcobn1 joio 4 duiil liyor. tbo oJ 
luiUbg On llm tup, H\n\ nppoarmg dInuDJtbed tu voliiiiii> 10 pto|iorlJon to 
Ibo 4iuuitil> ft LLk'uLtrl iu'DBOiil. Il ia bofit to Jutruduuu uitly ■ iin&U 
auutity □{ cblondf of ailriuin at Artt, do bbat, if the uttimtlty of kidubul 
ffboiild ha but muall, ibo htlorutiEinx m lliB chlarido Of oUcium mty hUII 
%9 ycrntvtihh. tBotu^^rcMl. J, J'h'irm, £6. 1. ^'X) A mixEum at «H0 
jjTUiK of oil of lonionn nnd l.'> r^ruitit tJ hIcqEidI ibna ti^Utd, murfirti A 

?mjiiii uf cliliiritto of L^^K'iitm iiii4> li liquid, ( BfiLLiiJi^iV ■>^^- ^^- ^rcA- £4* 
1^) Kfi'iti ifuiiiii Mii^. ljriw4<vor. iin from oil of iriiLDlurd^ idi-ohol IbudI 
«Miir «cpinit«I by cbloriJc ijf odi^'tiim, (Ujwi^itii.) — ^^ 0»1 «?oiilaUilnf 
•iMbnl laJin up luiifE 'jonjLlilii.B tjf tvLi(i<i witLoiit tarbidjty vhca 
«gitihtr-1 witii LbAt li'iuiil, (lUrtoftn A'. Br. A^h. 2b, l^^— G- FotBHlnn 
«Aldi>» ill ilif^ *'i\, "ilb nvuluLiuji of i^tt, tbn aior« ^uiably, w tUa 
knibblily of iloo^ii'l prvutM>t i' i^n^itlr- A pinro nf ^rtvaiunt h* bLfj^n im 
la ^Tnun I'lf^lh* iLutibl rcmnin iioallnrr-it fur livi< rmiiii1-«H b 11 dntj) uf 
nil, with ,V uf iLboboIj It illupp»rt in Ii>m iKun rivo miuiiuuii 
ritb J, in I™* (bmi n minute; in wbkh emo it runn iil*oiit liko » 
tininff f4>«^ n^itiJlid kIu^uIa till \i It oilJIiu-i <0£rLlt J. ihiat, mid. 
aai; aW JV^ yoAr^. ^, A \V,H.) Bj tl^tii laulbod, i ilL'^UoI w^ bo 
Tot, Tit, » 



m 



tYrra. 



:«n*dti?(l with n-iia,inKy, A vjlti TiH CRrtninlj* ^ but nfiWFUa&tr; U Ita 
iboboltBOUbl l4 1*1 ot li>A^, l]>ri jintaiviufnd«B ao> fun* iatoa ^AiJfh^<|J 
■Itil J J>d m W*J'n>'>jF''<.iYiiiiii»m iii i^thmu ill putvt 'hI- Tbt AsMiilfliH 
«f Oie pvlwiiuni may lilcvit^ |iri-cv7-t horn -hmm in^intd «# Bi n fcil to ~ 
tlw oil. (Pki«I.U HJft'?/f^r 7'A.Vfl. p. ir. S, BOS, Ll|)o«Hi.> UhIikIw 



virJM viiJi ih<< imtiim af tiin qiI. ihn uiJiULii»n 1i*b^ mora npid 

llif] nil miirjjiiiA 4-tygi'ii^^— '■, A [tu'Vi Tnlqtjln nd nj^jtktoi *vrlh ad ■qui 

Dicnhol (tniiM ^ fartid mlxtarc, tbo alcohol broi^ wp«rtT«4^ (VfllHI 
J. tAifH^ med. 20. n^\.) ^^H 

pTMrnn of thLi o-Efllicraiion iDny ho (lotcrrHl ^j iHr Jinii>ll, v«fiMlil^M 
nbUa^ (lie oU bAlHtfuu tbo Lajida. ot Jift«r A.'mn^ 11 on flrviad 
UawiD^ iL uiEt-^S- Biupii uU lif EuTjHinEiiid u \iim I'^lubla iq b 
aJodUuI than nuiay ctJurr oIIji, tlin fUriurxiLiiJ luE niji-jr ^ i^^Iblifd 
twn ftiJk nfHO ]>or mnl. ukuilinl- if hiii ^if luriK'nliiMv Anin 
iJiiwnnt. lltn Hl]DtlD^ >« inoini|t|(iI<7.— 11. Oil *\i Lurpontjiio iDU 
ijTjr wj(h fliL^kl oili, thibii tlio oiLn or inujordm, laT«Dtler. 

CpporuMLi, Of wonuwuod. U. tbi^itfuiu. 2 ^fuuiuiw jf tlko 

turljd, W4I rii4y (ii*ij<:liiiUi ilint tlia qiI m nvL iDiml wjili t>irp#alt 
'^YDU ■ Bnmii <|U4iitity of tJio latlcr vouM rvodflr tJin mulurt (IfkT, 
VpUihI !■ DDt *|ppirnbl« to tli« oilf of th7ni« tnH ro«*a*«j. (H*!^ 
J. MtTTi. iii4'J. Zl, £rJ].] — 4. Mbuy vulaiic uLit <1jhu[vo tfaa oIih' 
UlLttot Iff •iLitJ|J-w<iiiii, t«ut vil tif luriH.'iiLLim iIoh rjol; (L0 pnaHioi of 
InlUr willj Uiiiri'fi>n\ JiinluuL Uiit iKiJvrtji. [lurfcf uF (^ olhvr nil. (T«(ik 
tf|i»h, PAitrm- fl. 4^,) — J. Oil cf tBtpfnlinv hp-tvmet 9bna^y ba4tl ~ 
di^tonald* tijr rtpHiart with ■'hTI^'i; many i>l1iff i>lI« dn DOt^ ttul 
laltct ^rn iniirHl wiih oi>lj a mmW ^uuttlLly ^pf 01I of lur|!OliU*% 
|]koirji?i< ilrtoiiAJu [fj coiiUiut irlUi ^wliiuk ('i'nolriiii,) 

Tb^H Tolalilfl uiJjr tt^iiVh juv fr«a fran O^fH an nocUwUj 
Uf^-bCml; thrir ilnniiiy trutgna frnm O'^lzT (ibe BiKt nUubi «i1^f 
|PH> In O'V^l (hLtvi>pnn)^ thn AturriAo fn^lty tt 1tm-rwjgyt9tir^ fl 
phoM *«ri04 frnm 0'ri?n ( pi^mlAfi) (n l'Ol« (niLphAftlh), fTinijiMill 
.Tulblllc mil iij*! Aikijtli'irf \f.ry \n dcnailj frvni O'SOO to I^IOdL^TW 
llttlidLfyiiiir pujiit uf voCaitrfi iiili in i(«iL«nil 3> in aamB <mi«B btL>* 0^^ 
JMniAliitiH Itrtinjt vrry Tu* «nil fliarnfom unbai^vEi.— ^iiib oils fc uiM ||a 
■^lUilo nils pniiwrly -d n.ll«it ^^in ath'ir 4hH>, ihql i* io aajriflp 
■■niplmm nr ■■tmni|tr«<nn>, il i* nhnrr (t^, utn} ^iirnrif lhov\ pbmCQB 
Bl+0\ nbrrww miEliM brMoil [r> Siir, In ttin *nlM MUe, r»tfttilft 
(lakini; the ferm In Ht non geiier^ Mbit) irv Fiy«ti3UDp; m ibt " 
#(flt<i. tbry h%ro * lliin oily «njiitatn.'o, TKoy w i?<JuiiHmi ; 1 
krvi»li Of bnTWDJiih liul ihiiX lln*y Tiity i<i.hilpil Iwiatf Jufl •* «flinl 

pv^ftbly frnfii vlTiiiiIiiro nf h v^lniiln Unp natnoHD^ rOiM^r.—'ToMBl 
«lb hart pf«* trtrarthig ji-Kfj -^'I'lio loiU[iff |«]di« ot a 
TULlUf* ou< an (;iTvn in iht' (aUv un jrnfn 1^1, 1^5, vbfltte* if 
ihM llicy *n.ry WlHiiori — tO" [iIht iircpit tuUlilfi nil cf Oil^l) 

Sbil oF«n]iBiLii.V feu^l in »n]|P^tf»F*. lN*|wri-n T (|ihpnfii«)ttamO*fpMI^ 
a>. Tbo htfilinf piinti of ntyfriii^i^i niE> trr O'knipwvifTtly y^iir, m 
NafhtMmbTKDtaxuQptaiiAlkoUbkoJmtoiU^ Hut 1 t^iOr «il^ 
pn|i^r«owH boa bMvtm Uff" ftri4vOO';o(lor«cifqiWbi MT, 




PRiMAur NUflrEiT vni,\ni.E atis. 



Ifl3 



pmrtilnii Thp a-ir l^c «xcEat]d<L j wM<-'b iimi(1l| ollicnvJH ouuvort iHi't af tin 
oil ioTfl 7ttiii), tliD lEihit-uk^^muliMl fjdii (li-hl ovor uiiDhriajpnl ; tlinun 
whlob (oiLtuiri inyi^i-n. Idlvme/ ha/hnr hniHuf^ pihinui. aiw IfaJib tn |«rii»| 
^ooain|!i)(ij{itJEi whvri 4E'i>^ilir-il M ih"i*ii innppraLum. 

fKkWTirfLiI Diltar. foin?[Lfn» p[i<iiALLijl, jouidlciiiup rvftulilvo, fcQil Tuna iho 

SoRifl vulhhlr 'I'fti nrc (u^fufuNd; ofhnra huvu h fiary ttruiiLhl'm flayuur; 
l|itbl^r<V<^l^ll■^ »'> m-Tii] Uific. nnd tLivc Lrjii^r hxT* likvwlm vi Acri<i ution 
oti the niilroikl boily. 

AHordinjf !<> iJi^ti^ (f^m. f^f^. S, nOA), vulutilo a'Aa hiiiiur to «mlt a 

WljpD TttfutHo *3\]m tten from oxytfon, HJpb *m f bn oilp of tiir[ii'iiMu*\ cHef. 
and Ipniun, on- ilfntinnl otor froaliljj tuml IJmr in nxi afaiHtni-tUH uilmiijitpd 
of n&r ot SLlDd vitb urbDnic ocM c^jui^ l}>nv <«n fimni"]y iin diAtiuifiJiiUB*! 
hy tbejr cdoar^ bat li^ <n]rii>iin;; fltfin fur a «bjJo to Llif^ iLir^ ^^1 mirra 
MpMldlir by mtunljnj; \*]yvt ^ItFi thi^ii)» tko ■■lionkctcriAtui odoua mi* 

\t*\mi\f oitt nppaar to 1« im-]^|fnl>!D of muLltin;; buv uJuur, uieti(>t io 

fir*»pp« of [naif furi'- PajMir niolxlitit^J »Uh 4 vulhtiU til. iiud IbcEi |iBr- 
trLl^ 'IrivJ, no ]ui>;^rpr dfiiit' Jvnjr' mjour, \tixt llm o^hiiiE IvcuiiiD* tppurent 
eu eipiiiiLtirf llm pupur !■■ Eb^t jiir^ f»T iiifin> ijnirUTy by mcijultfiiliix il ATitb 

*i>nniln(i'lj lo^p rhoir t-lnnr whtn IhoTouebly 4r(*Mlj but woovi^r it nn 
«*[rf<»Mro lo ilftrnp i(r, (J. A. Bit^LoBr, /^n^, \5. 57.) — Win* no1ot«afD 
4rtoi] unJfE a bolE Jjir ciiTtbuniaj; aliloridit of floleinnj. tbvy retain tbolr 
tloD Guiuui'4 Ijut i-riiii|»loh<]y lfi» ihuir auiull, ■"biL-b, bbrtcvi'f, u ouclrDly 
rvACvrrd Iry luofrtt^jhiL' tbom wirli ^utc^r* (iEiimjlulJ. J. pi\ VAnn^ f. 

The ffflfii iofinloii of ro»B, oTaDCT-bloeaomH limfrhloMfom, or dJo^ 
blonrrDi, Up|Dln« ft nincli Eliviiikii'r wfour ol ailJittoD of eiilpburic arid; 
(b)f liclii tiliD^i'D Irupnrla fliantiHirn^Lir oilourt tii tbo iaoibjruuB lieLXi^tJoa 

4/ hTlll-llulin LFM^I1-f'h«*E]MltS, IjN.E'lliy, JLnd VcillciW flinl Rfl *UII ■] fl 1 ' WiKi*]. 

A uiuch Ilium Ktmibjfjy Hmullini; Wfttitr i» iilno 'ilttmui.'tL by diiLlDio^ tvtaa 

St WKM ]ang:r\i^i rijfimiDonii'"! byAt)tenni M*tfJ^*)< .iMor-blaMorn, lim>>- 
QHOin^ nt pfiiltfi, n ttlj 4 uiiiT.nin of uai^r And militburic nnd. tliiLti by 
duliUi-n^ l|i<iii> h^lIi wnipr ii)uncT» Voktilo oJI' ai:iy bn ixwpJcUly 
^pri'i'il of their oilin>r oiid fli^ry ta^ti'^ by |tr"por trikftLninnl wilb naiibtin 
•Ikftlto anil by othut mrnirs. 'flu-.y niay^ iht-rafittf}, bo n^u^rdt^il ab c^i- 
poanilt of [Eimtomuii e^Ia nirb ixcid«, 1u wbi<.'h llio urluuc jkiid burutii|£ 
tutd bS tht nn\tr\ oil »rg pmjiorly dtLe, M)i»y •■>!alt|u uila yaUi two 
■eiilk, iimi It^inid tind tbi* iitbi-r rry«1i*lMiip. ^Cciywiba. J. i%irm. IC, kI^S; 
rfl> -1*11; Ihp \m1lft ikUe \n t^onff.n. -'>^A.) — Cowih^ hia irnt liltlicrto 
fiillini><i bli proroWof ronflrming tbit viow by nintctiKCL obttirvnlUrai, 
ftn'l Ib^rcby raiuuiiDjf llifi doubt* wbicJi ottvh loilt 

Tlid mnr^i iiriporLant DA^onjmtifi'ani nr lUfniifmi of Volntilo OiIh An 
v follnv: 

E. Tliiuirt q^Fh wbirb buTo 

by ftlililMjnh, pir ar. Wid Tpflvo _ .- — , ,.. ,.— -, 

wiib irnl^T Of 4,'FQily hctlod iu tbe air, ihoy lUBy Im *<iu»iiuf,ii<i tilmuuv 
docponpoiitfuii. Ual even tbo maro valaiilo mU, wIidd ini^cd wiib ijuilby 



bl^li iKfiEinf pninl nru partly docflmpo«d 

r<<>iidd|i rhf nliiimm-l. bul wbeu diillllod 

vitbtiliji^nd witbuut 



k 



IM 



TTPE*. 




^ 




[■1h«If wUtrlJiuLivD. UQ |>LrliLllj 'lH<im|tuur) by diftLTUTlcri, 
AbVifl litiiii]j; dvolfi'ilp KiLil rlikniidfcl It^fC I>utiiri4l, if lljcv fulaib 
thi*y innv Uki^wi'd vii^l*] oirbnnia oiitL^ ncDlru arjil. Ac. W 
vii[K]t]r <iF It vilnEilii oil JH |iibued tlimuj:'! Q ra-l-hot IoIh, I| it : 
intn mmbnAEihlf* ;:i]APv ta\A c}\mrcotLl, trbidi i* ■rpmrtiDM tatilj At 
«i^mf<jrkPA itliinhFiL't 4lf^TiH>, ami liilRtmlt In }>urn; ttn |torlJ->n nl |W 
uhioti biL4 iiLMi'il v\tT Litdprt>m]iOPri]. in ufLcn (vuuii to br iJttred b iB 

tiiii|Vr[W. u, fort- lain ^li-, lU il4 bultriij^ puiiiL — 'J. Vi^lMilr «il* Me ttff 
[illiimfiiiild^V iiEiiE liuFu witlj * eloBF (Ikiii4 h'IlIcJi nicfxitift « lu^ i^iSBbtT 
bf iiMtt, If lEia v»pc»Lir uf 4 ^'oUtiTc uU ho uivin la ihup frum a 6b>j>^ 
uitilitr 4 iii-fwuni of 1 — 41 cpntiuiatn* of bLirrriLtj, il tlu«a aoi uk* fin 
it liv rfjinlim] <■ diiUinoh iif unPio «ntinietroii fmin Ibu j>l^ tldf u lo 
IjII il liLfi liciAifi^i* mi(A»t u'lth 4 iir A tiTi>o« iIa volnmo tf urj il wk 
buraa wtiJi A I'n^^it tlump. wbip^h iin loi^ffpi ttaokH>bciil lony bt iifv4 lur 
[HlDnlnLLtJub, (lAuiAun-Duiafiurior A lUmD, C'onpt. rv^tt- 16. ItM.V— 
rolttUle ueU inuv ^ hhiI Jikt mk-obol It fUd lliti InDJp nttLoul 
inurack GiUi.'Jb, K^.J Tlio dIU uf 4m1wr. »iilrf, jmi>|vr, 
tnitiir^. jHipF]i>nninF. wiM mnrjnniAt. nuuiiiif, dniiuanii, m '^ 
imiiE iviul v»|ini]ni it-W^iL liumt in ihin nmnnpr. (HiltiT, Amn. 
SI,) A pif'iv 1-f rrd IkjI ipfm^ platinum, kM ii|Kpa nrmnioD 
OODtlnuHlo flov, PDiE t^'ikn H«t}>K' lolo lli« cninpbor. (Ou.). — ^ 
IjIo uIIb irroitrr, mLDU plaouU id vmkoU ual |Mrrwtl> vlifiul, ««d 
UurElium tuui|rfrnilur(i vf tliu air, iiUvrti *»xy^Ti-j^: iLc<|uim lliv 
'(>f HditnmifK lilibua itruugly. ffjui fnniulioii i^ lioimiv, oiniLhtnlf^ 
■ml nlJipt nrit-iuijr lu^iif*; hiiil *iu llwn jnvitiAClj' ^DiirtrlrJ JoU 
bcct^JDlE t^voi^l Bail loR> ndnrlfxroiiBi^ aod piainjE fnm ih« cdWwIh 
■t»t4 14 y»Uon nr if^l-brnwiiH nr frnni li]n« (n |in>prn, OIU lliin ilMfaJ 
mcivuil ity nli^iiltatUn Into |-iiio uil «iiil b miJofl uf rwn, TW 
VplSuD of uiyj^oii lakoa pliiou ^viiL Jiir^^mil drfh-u orf impidilj ti 
AttWpiit bibi. t^r tikfi llnT Te'v tlii^* IF gos on ■|a«'jv, llim tnfrviHt It 
ffUpidiQr a|* ta ftcomim tun it, Lirj^iid whifik It mfirn ffimiiiuhM, taifefk* 
I^HTtnT iJioTttUh ]>n<oniiu iin[vnni'<nlibl«^ Dnrilijj ibU vbftVj^e, mid af* 
'«Ikll^ ICH-nniA Ihn oiiil^ iti^ 'III riknln ■ uuU i^uontilj of mrtfirtfi Nil 
\'KttA a flllE eniiilk-r i^uiiiility vf bydnuni' Al tiio lanc t^Ai*, ■ ^miX 

1«piiiiii<l [>lJ, ^ut inii; Lc loiiuiilod frum it villiar bv lIid apfilMMka if 

I'fttal cr bv «LjiuuMi ta Ibf •tui, ituck-ail hlvorb* irafTulj hut «I7|i^ 

■ bd thf^n-Ti.rv^ lurpia nokbiir nfiiU mtr min, (Th. Jl«im^rp,J — 'l\« fnnifr 

linii <4f ai^kI an-1 wht^^r mii ntditirvnii bjr Fniirrrny.^TLi* a»U *A V'tttfrw* 

^urdnfmn titil fiv^f-^ir, Mrfufi »>/!. ^'''iiftJ'VT'AdJuNt itfoMaiBafliik Jff^ld 

LttvrUM (^iinaTnajHiim, i'lMMt^. AE]<E .VuH^^r-ui, ■» uvulml >rlm inik, U 

'■fBvr 4-tEHiiu(n lo Dm itlr iu llijii iHtfir-, f'^r tntrrt^U Ystjiof iMMfth* 

irilij* til ii-tviil} ninttllu^ jiA|uini nn ai'td rrB¥<tiriii. m VOaWHAM 4^ 

lh<t formnriAn of ji vr^itolliiia hU, ibfi aj| >t))J mnnlnki^ ML Itat 

ll'i^n llfif:Lop tn fnit'copcnce of ibe fi^rmbtitHk oi it*tn umI BCMk aiiL 

ulittb bilEcr Lt i,'iT*[i off 'h lib t j-iiD|-i'ir1 uJuur, miJ if tbp flii b* Mflkial 

ill ■ (iPibfifLi^ iHiFtibu ui uir uii't hyilnJir uf inpIkiiIi, f'tfitvili tlM kllali 

rfatia HI kiviivli\(«rboiiiB(*bf i-DUvIt bcmjf qi tbii i«mu limv pr«4Bv»4fcNI 

tic vui fri*oa dff bv Ibr oil- Tbv itilii nf rain«imi]*, koWb ImmA 

^hww, >aJ luryinitiin, on th« oLiipr luind, x-^mre nn acjd fiM-tioa x fc4, 

fajw j ULL ibf7 biifUL 10 Miuma (l^ minou «oa4bio^ftB4 ivttt 



I 



J 



?nnrAnv nuclei t voutilr ons. 



IAS 



I 



libimdfthut fn'iii voUlIL^ mh i\1- iVio wmniontounoat of liia oiiJaAlfA 
VKFiM BrninlLi^iT la llii^ uiiEuro nf tlhC <ih1; ii> bViiio oirt>. i( liM bouo funin 
tit Ih- Ijfiinirto aci»l; Ld o(li«ri, munamjc.— *WLk?n ui^e[i<il gq^ i* [>nH(«J 
Ihrriiis'li 1 vulaliilo oil. & fuffiUttiun of ucid liliewin ttiU^h pjjifh ai firxtj 
moit '[UiLklj wbup (Im) ail !■ auHimiidiiiL in wati^r, the n'|iii<(^iu poluiiung 
<if iIju ciiIii ZikvU'E'-* turn ■ouf <in nipnTHirQ Ui tlio mr. — Atv^iilirij^ lo 
Uiiv.ir\Wh.iri {P-'f/ii. M, *"<!>, viilnlilo oil", wln*ri t^irj (bk-Vv*> lo llw al% 
life onutrflflif' (I) (Tito n riUBniJlly 'ohlllc oil li&ting hut Jill^* 0'lt>Dr; 

1't) into Tk rcfin intrittilc jn |)Utii*L, (3) inta l rbatn innpliiLle lu jiuLnBtif 
4) iDto u\i uily acEi], iiiiululil^i iii ivulir, li^litnr ll^an n~nh*]'4 jjul Ijavin^ 
A*««uL, |juiikrt*ni ln*l", Thii *«mi iirmliioLs iiro fihiJilqorl, l«it in Inr^ur 
iimuitUy* liy fiiuvhi;,' vnlnlili- oil** Elin>n|^h n r[>il-linl tiiW TJiit tMnkp^mnr 
tH-kw iJiuio witli rnnniiH dnjjrnoi of rnjuHlEv, flji^onling Ifl tdc nstlro at 
Ibi- «il- — I, A aJmilLLT HHompiiMtlon lo tuut v/\ik\i Iil1i« plico Ju IkO 
SJr, j» liUc*i*ii4 ptuitucuJ, ]^>r |iIli-?eiii,' ibft uiL lu I'nuLucL nJlb niltuud ipu, 
wUch it mpidl/ nlrtiirln (rfitailhiy)! "O^o dy liuiliiig llm utl with utulo 
of su|i[»F or |vrutiUit uf )rt«l, wulur fiuiiig iht^n ^^nnud ^A- V(»(i'l,>i nr 
by ilijfMtiiitf iX wKli mpmihc n'lEtivtd or (-c»rrniJrb ■uMiiLinle, tbrun Emdina 
being thontby ooorcrW«l into morouront nilralo and cftlomel fojiiMwuvj^ly, 
(U«xuiima,} VoUlIln r'l1< unt likvwi*o ri'sirjixil by Itli-bUrMf t>i tin 
n pontiiabluri*li> uf iMitifriiHuy, (I10 iLltct vlti^Ei yu^bUii); rrduL'OtI co^LaL 
wbjch cu^jlv ft^Lhirf ill lliu uir afi likcnttL* iiriiiiiHfLii1t.-Iv ib'ioki-JifM 
ft^TuELuii willi :L AiLrtn cN>iir4^iitrmLAl sitlmLiiiL nf iDnulpbiiU' uf (mrio 
rfdn. (HnriBUiiH,)— .V Vnlfltil* piU* abnorbdilDtino^jt, "witli fl^^lntwm 
of hoaL MiA u« nonvnrtnil iiitn viiwiiiL flubBtanoM* (Thcnni'd.) Ilydm- 
fibWiiTiwiil J- frmtiiontLy foniats] iij tbio riMkntion, u ^utt"t|i.iili»n uf iLblnrino 
for hyiLrotfon likowiio lAkriig iiIooD. Qri>miiki> txbLbilA ii>iml4r n?«-?tiouB. 
(rjtunnt.) — G. Muiiy voUlEnu vUj prvpor pvQ u|i Ibc^p byilniL-on lo 
loJjav 10 rvpiJIv, HtiU whJi »u t;ifliu « UevDlupnitiiit t>i bont, ibhl ofi 
Ciploiiau Inkn' plur^' qui-vinpniLUid ^Itb wnliilion uf rjulul nud yullov 
T&pDurp. Tbm i« iJifi rvin wilb tbn ^nlh i>f iMrirftntcni. Juiiifixr, MiviiM, 
li-mfFTi, riiAi^ini«ry. ikml bivmi4i<rr 'I'lii* n>'iiilii<« ii 11 Ebuikttihnl r>il nr a 
lirnivn ai*mI ronifi- "rbi^c oilf luM by ijjo tbo property ^if -^'flnfnitim 
yri\h loiitne.— ULbrr oili i1t*4olv« Lmlino tiuiolclv vi\i or wiibnal iivnlulion 
•r hdBL, fdmiin/^ ibi^FDwitL a brc»wu, Oildiliili uJI. or 1. lofl or hnrH irain, 
wltb irfiumtjiiii of u btit«i» lii|iiiil, ci-run-iiiintr by'lfit"lie a.v\\\. l5uob U 
\\\i\ c^m-i irilb Offrum Citinitmamt. -^nxaj/mj!, <J'ir^pki/tli-rmi^ /ivl*t, 
Titntti^i^ Cf^rfHy FvPi^uJi. iftOtfLp pipfnfti' ami cnf^H^H ttud lb" Oleuut 
itnimvl^ D.fip^ii. {Wi^\f^ny W^lokrr. FJn-boir. Zrll^r, Wini-kl^f )— 
^ V^bi-a oil of aitLie or rDrinul ii ilfoppod Inln * flold mtiinkWd loIutLDft 
of liHliuu \a lUjUi'oLLa iutliMu uf fiulijaiurji, ■ );ii1atliioDi UiiftiU It fonoi^ 
wbidi. r»n aJcIlmoii <ii n\% ^r i^i^lit irnniP iu v^lumu of HlMbol, dvpoiltt % 
pulvimiliint milmtarmi*, iMn^uming iluRrUci^ wliilo BfLor vubloj; with 
■Jfloho]. Tbi* boiij i* frto ffnui io4i[i(?, add ajifKHn m 1m) i*ompowd of 
C^U"0\ It may bo ^uppoai^l ti> be formB^t by ib^ jidditjuu uf 1 Al>. 



feP 




3 At. of anUo ut fennul-OAnipbor: 
Tkfl ml> of cflmin. womtwrnnl, (S*muroiloj tMBOflj FHPi cIoyoii, 



Mid 



rmm 



ial, do not yield niiy -jmilnr prodiict wliori ihna trmtfid, (^iU* 
Pirm, [li^ a:K>0 IT — 7. funiinc pUfic ucid liccotnpoiiw vokkltlo oH» 
~p«p|iCFiDiontIv *(lbi;iTOt rftjiidilv. iln' wtiui; Wiin- ^^L1^'ll'll^I wUli Cfolutl^jn 
of fWj AB<1 ^itb LlcjvclopmcTiit oj boat oftvi^ fLin^'HEil-Mi^ ^> tbu ukwL Vi^id 




.bA K 









i«* 



is mU «a W nnMTEkvw Wbm 






nf>flh.4» art HI «iA ail«il« 









CtmL 



bj icitt<ik,t iW T»li£U« oil «M 



1 



r, hat ■«* 6«o«t*tI/ bf «itUliH tW avtariHlb 
■BllMrvbtfWvIL 71rt rKaa«to«MsMi>iMlitjr4ta^(.t«ni, 

MMitf^ D wh^tk tarn il rfnini for * hat «^«* — iaaiW ia ik* liMii ' 
BBdr«iidc«.iliflrMi lierp«wHi^tei««Hdiiadlvf llimlalib«ili 
vUift Ifa^ nuiUia. A[itaiiPoiiitkadx«d vl(D**i<^/-r*anLU^^ 
«r wilh MWr. vilfcinin tba talaiiU u1 fnm di^ m*ff, wJ oa vl^^l 
nttw IW vIbffPaal aalptiaii, tb* ie"™^' |v1 nf O* «dl !■ WA yBHH 
{laobtiwi. /. i^Ln. IT, 1)9^ 19, »,) AplMl^ tbc vaur «id^ 
«oBa»n jkIi, «rj«rar«« a oujtiJviaLra |-trti«i vt ihfi «U; >adi ^ Ai 
a« wiih JjT^'i i'^r^iitU. JlTfttfit* fMwria^ aDd Cwxt*^^ adI vtA 
vaitf naiataiJBe friBihMennijplior- (HutivTtJ^ /. pr. C^tm. 9. IL) 

To d«l«VBiiu Lbff ^u*utiMr vtf tat«til# oil (vatoiiiaJ ia a 
wuUr. bftlf ui <iiina< of lbf> liqnii i* lo b* inixrJ aiib a 



M>|l 



^iBlLnniu nUrrK ■'nl « u>1irlion af 1 ^rrain nf imUni la AOO fW^ 
«f dsobal abd 1500 jpidiii of witof aiJ4«lf ^Jth ^laUga, u tka 
cilMiHBlo glTaap^TdiLvcoato (h« hiJlu, aid eaaviiMHUf lU MlM 
tfcifint la infart a U» wtciar lo Uia •UrrJi^ It nuil, aaarrtf^ U 
'»h — n til Ibu Jjivnil aHii ilaMrD/ ibo bJi)i>injr hmptrtiM id jjijiiial 
^HtJliat al iibiia*; Ihwh lb* lUM qiuDlilj' gf wdin* it la^ w ia J lo k^ 
ifaH aa ia^f leal Ua«N« «o 1« PUMv of v«»«t mUiai «ilkM«c4 



I 




PRJUjVRy NUCLEI: VOLATILE OnS. 



lAT 



ttbflij tha itnUft tfoataiiiA O'A jfniu of oil of raim I'O jfr. fL<nii«^-iul; )■■ 
Iff. nil of Mfotiui cri^rr, .VJ £t. |wp2'^'^"'^^~^"'- **' ^^^ IT'* "^^ *'^ nqiiHiiiikiii 
llcitn <j»l of rono* p"* U|> nftwly M\ tim^ a« ni^oh l»yilrni>i>ii in tlifl 
jv^oe M wi V4U11L i^uiutLlj vf oJJ vF CLDiumoci, (Grunor, Jitktit. pfakt, 
J'/Mrm. 7. 304.) 

Tim fil cuuUitiBil ill ihn vruUr unJuiilly cbDUtfv* into uiJ and ifvin, 
vlini ni|>.'>«d Uy th« air, Hfliwdi^Jlv ■'» ^ "^in ^'\.1^'l^ , U in sIvi iminp' 

tnay l»\*|»t WrtlHswd fiit a l"m: uinc^ in & c<^IJnr f;r n T.onijii>mJ(m» rf* III" 
«F 13"', )^iit |U <t5' nr 30" ht tarnt ivnl In a nock, MT>c4knJJj/ if fiX|iovd 
to tLo lUb, by ibJB vlimipj. bL>wevcr^ tlif w;iter luovfi IeILId vf nolliiii;;; af 
t(ji |mcLiliiLE' uJuiifi TIlu wllel'I' wliiL^li imliEirju- iiiuhL ijuiiikly iiud jiEru»^ljr 
•f nU kB -I^Krt Miiw'i', thun ci[>in" J'/wn Htnarum. Muml-U'-'. niiJ f.'hnru'i- 
■u/fn, .^Itild ^j^iui fij/iunpi x\i\\ MntTkni frVfB aiiii piprrUt nmmin nil- 

Wlor ooDlHiui ■ iin*ll quf»u(tly itt ii1o<jtiuJ. a oonaiLlLTbljlv ijULitCtW af 

Himy diiiiilLirl iviiturHi wlitm ki^j't in xrutl t-Eomtil LullI"*, liuut'lnii 
»li&y, luM- thnjr piMimr oilaur^ und v^jumk ;li) fiflni]j<ivi> »w\^'\\. trhcr^vs 
if Lnpt m loQKly entered V(N<fteLs» they remain unaltfitrrd, Tlii« fhA&tff^ 
Appflitn 14 •ji»P fmni t)i<< m^Iiflii "f muron" i\iid iLlbi^>niDon« y^arTicilf* 
fBrrLed uvap in ihr dlnLilhilMHi, wfdi:}i^ ulioii lliuy fiutruf;^^ ru1> lb4> vtjIatJb 
All of ft poKlan uf iLd otv^uii. i>t ftvu u|> tu it a. fiuriiMO ^.Y ih'^lr ^j^-d 
k.jdrfl]fU, ihnrebj' iIupriviTij It of \\m ppauliKruilfiijr: |iPn<iP nicli wnWrii 
ncRTPT ihHr oiinnr on flip"-<nr* I" (be nir'— "niP mmn rft*|>b*!rrj''V*[iir 
f^tlfl in ftjar wtwkji If kq>t \xi a Itottla af ttalDiirln'u fliv"* liui i"<'^y bn 
kvpl iiTiJiltomrl for n yoLF Id 4 Ittttlo of omi>giMio1nurpd ^'Iruv-; fi pniof of 
ihQ kitln'']M'>' ..r li.dit (HrlnlpH fffj^'t-f. 67, a9a.) — Tho w^iUf flakw 
JepuhLLcJ fmm Jirtilkil WTLton ^luiitftat tfl uIublK (Simouiti.) Tb'^ wblta 
*f bpuTU nmuu* ibii* nq-ajotBd doe* noE Je»oIw eHtier m alcohul or lu 
liQJlJn^ pDtiuili.niid* tvben «MinL(i0d will] n-rcnii a|>pi<n,ni iLko ^n D^;_-lDind- 
nviji>Ei 4'f iiiiQ n[iLifi-mii>jii.1 nLrL* tivminhJin^ inntber of lir^rgnr, (f^ri^rK^r,) 
Annnnliiii; to tliLi'linrr illr. Arrh- 7, '^^^), Jv"" Jf<'Mityiiii, Mrfiktr j'lfx- 
ritfr. C'lhutifftitmi. k<.-vi'hv*i jo iJom vpvtclt; Alalia Ct^imimUUr:. VixuH-iifit 
Jfmfirr, Mcnikir i-riijMt. I/j/noyl. Cfratvrnju. le*- prrfuotly; iiiid J^"^ 
Vti^rian*, HtiltB. Aismhvfl, TifitF, linbl /ilv!. /Wrnfc/ini, Mt!ia-r, 
^JiJntf. womt of all; tint if MU^\\ wntrm bo dium- di>li]lrd u W^' rw nnbjr 
ffttitiuninj/ oil ptwinn nviir, n diHlillnrti im iililhiiifid wliiith miiy Ihi kmit 
irilhnEil iJl^rnlJon in finxo vu<vmi1>i for bmr ynxe ot iDorr — A jjonii iiiorfn 
4'f iirrvcrrai^in In (0 Ivara ibe liialiJIoit vaUir fof loTtii^ daji iu oiititact 
will (liu ml Hkivk luu piMcd »tof, UiIUiIId)^ fruquoutly ; ikob (iltar it 
iulo wu(iLi:ii]ii->^]iuHiDii DDnlaiQiiii; truto niilf it ijouud 10 n finurid. bhiJ LliU 
glAipoi ntun^I nitb tnulit bkitldiiti lEilnHliint Lbno, luinimiinL; tit Appiirt'* 
Biutbod (^>, 100), into Wiittjr hp^iti^d U> iibulljtioii io ik hodi'^ uid bJfiJ 

Ihw tmUd Dia> be k?pt inullorod tt>r « yean, (WcdJ, t/nAr£ pn>t<L 

Cf^rUin bydfvojbrlioiu^ v\] of iiir|iinifiNiu for uiBiiif>ldH wban kf^yl ovflT 
wtAvr, uleu up thii «L*iDonU of wktcr. uid uv gudvhmI into Mntphortp 

B. Li>|Oid K^atiU oil" it>4orb nOkll ^ud^iIm af AriuQiA mlda, 
lit notd, ami iitLruun oiLiiu jrii*< and lap>r«r quaottdeB of tDlpboruus 
3ld, hydro. ulplmfic iwidn or lluorlrb; of •ilj^jurii, 

b'itt tbe uid oJ b^tt, tbiTj dlnadivn ■ tnlorably Iutj^d ^iiiLiitilj of 





MMBb •Ikafah ■•J (««■> ttitb iA« 

1 MBW ■hiiia, vbtnly iW 
MMBI *« Ml, iha Aid k M 

MlwfW vdi, aod A* hny >dd«. Smc korbc sni JkioIrM 

ttnbv, .Ife-. dn. P^pt^ It, TTlJ Am1>« >dd, vbkk WJ. vcbj 
vJla ill vJntian, p*Jqow> nniiF«m> ntlnU or ■i'—-ttkralj al 

Q. VUiftil* Vila iU«nlt« rvflitilj ik hlAhnl. bnd matt gf 

Vtldirtlitjr 4f diffinnl niJ* ibrrr**fB w>th 1^ i|iHDtil5 at ptjy tiUA 
Ihvjr omub; Iwkiv ■!«* Ike lune ml ki uwfv naJil^ hIb^ Skt Im* 
ll Kh bam vtpfmA to ihc klr. Sqcb lulDijotd w« oIIiIdH ^7 Mt&mt 
|««to <rf plut* vbic-h codUrii i}i« wluib oil «ikh felcdW^l hbJ • wl 
qitutilj of rvtar, wMrli jpixv^nc^ nburiiw t«wuil* Uid taJ ol tb« 
I*|Wb> Maifv uF Il»' prijBmt^rqji wliirili >^|bae«nM 






SKcoNnAav nl-clel 



169 



/aKnc&p-vafffi Ae- Modt minphon obn dimlvo rawlily in nltobolj 
tlipft km bat it*v wliioEi dlvvulvo with difttrLtltf, A)} then iohtivlu 
bum wrtk % bright Bumai wlij^li ii iiuuliy kf tliD iolatiou euiilfiiut muDh 
DiL When mixvi] with w:it«r, Uiejf lura uiilkj, fruiu stvpAiutimi gf the 
vil, |uirt iii wkiah, liuA-nvnr, mdui'iiiii diiAiEtvd is lliv j4i|Uvviie itiicfure. 
If a vfilntjLo fll in miixl mlh nrily n iiitJilL iftiDntUy ai jlIc^tIiqI, it dijop 
nul Ix4vnic tiirbi'5 i*]»iiii nnvml u;at}i ivntor, an^l 'tiLty ^^viin uji Ua ilIi-iiIiiiI 

Wv^J'-ifirit iLD<! Atrtimt bcbave lika aloulial^ ih3 Ukovue <l4 iTfA^r 
and wviird nOioi' MilisrALl liquids, eicp^ltik^ tbkt frutiL lliti bttcf lbs 
oil* ditrtlnl, fri< uniMtmli-d by wuLnr, 

Vdlntit^ Oili mil with Z"'^', di^pulvv ihomI Rr^iiui tiih! ^rnnfi"* C'^laitt' 
^ mottsrv, uid sQVonil orj^njo bu^w; th?y alau ioji uith odd another. 




Id fcoondnry nvioki, tbo H-niome of tUe primary uuelout ±n rrplnnJ 
whoUv wt p*nlally by no ciuul umubLTr uf n-ifum nf 0, S. ^ Dr, CI. N", 
Ad. X, Cy, i>r Sfi\ ^vnEut of llHton i-lnmi^iilx imiy untir nl Ihn wmhi 
f iniMnto th<i mnm nwumdnrv nunl'^i*, j*' Unit il. mny I'nnliiiii tbivd o(iiop 
4iib«Inricvij in mldliii'i] tn Ehn n^irftmi, Miinr iPimuHitry iiiinUi nrr nut 
knon-D in tbp wp.imlfl fttalrt, init Jifr mrtrefy liy|ioll)4>tJ«l iu}inE]tn<ffii^ 
ffuiij irbjeh tlie coraponilioa of oLber coinpLiiiudi iru.y be uiofl cohto- 
uiiMillv dc-luoi-d. 

Tbn fulbiwiTt^' ikpo DiHrii^du vF toataJa.tj niiclpi wbicb Bro huuvu W 
0XiM tn ibo trvti aUitu ; 



^ 



I. ATratifffd^coriim^fAt^tPrSfvriil^fkttL 



Mfltliylofto "f PfilPTi.>=i:''H'. ei*^ CHn^ CNH. 

Qui%'™uu=:CK\ civM circi, 

iVniHo n* I'L<inybiip=C"JP» gives 0"HKri' J C"H'Dr' J C^'W; 

Tt^f^i-il=^ L"*H'. fc-irM C'EI'CI; t"HWj CirX*. 

pmblJrlv l^lxo l>^]uli^l ilt lbl4 b«:u]. 

Nr;|t]it1iijkn] =C^H'. ;^v«v Ibn '^cuDiUry nueW inntt^oJif]d en pCLgQ 3U, 
bcirl*^ Hvnnil nrlii^rg, 

Ta i.'ymci^o or CynmlsC-H'^appoii/lo bel<»nE»C-H"0*; C"H'CI"0*; 



9. Arranffftt iteamiinff in Oi* v/itur- pf the au^tanca wfdfA rtpf*vtlhii 

I^H-O" {frun. (:"H' 1;— -i'lmmoM !"iini]ilii>r. C^H-O" (fcom C?*U");-- 

siunphor, C^K'n)* (from C-^H'*):— C™H^O rn.i" C'H'- — Umny 

of iugjr priiliilily tejonf En ibi* «Iivm: *. ^7., firnpi^-flnu^r, C^T""© , 

<«uiimioa lui^r, C"H"0", feiiiAtilk-iLixik^ C'lflj"; tb« rinm^wr of tha 

tuiiu ia Uiv Tutknuwii prijuOFy uuvlvi. wuuld tu tu Llial of Um 



170 



M:<|^; MthiM hoatw. Ikam wmtf tn OMmuiidf W ttvcki viA 

ifa^li <— Imj OUof nrfkk« etl^ (F«bp> doriv«d fW* Ik 
MtaiTTi iiTmii iiiTiii rU'l 

c^iTPr: r-H'C CH'CI"; L'H'Brt:!': c-H*a'. c-cri-^<:»ir(»<r 
ffe|>«i c-u->,— c-irci, c-u*cr, en vw uu c-u-cw (bi^ 

: TW fiiJUvw (vmvflQ^ iifU^LlT UIdu ia tlHt^bMf 
Mil €>XH^-4».&ift, <rX*M»r<rf Ua-Mri. CW»J 

(** <»X 

^« fc^ ■■ cW; To 4li^ <faa w«U}ff hotvas: BkoMimuk 

OH-A-iO- (S:»>;— PUUiBUDk mrAd6- <H:H);^lMiaMni 

rriiilirminr-irT ■■iiTHiiiiiiiiii ii — ir^'fti ny Tioimjuk 

■llfHHiti, firx. C-H'X\ C-H'X'. M-i C*H*XCV, 

Ptab^r. iblta. tbm «at McM. b vlilch tt ■« l«plH»d bv ^juogn 



OonnDrAttBHt or a ranuiT a« 9taar^*rt XevLMV9 
Sth*t4)ictt ntuuftUT iiWAcm^ to Ti 



Ssnlofkc-ancld. 



jr.«u 






poUbly *Ih by uLEnr up 1 Al. tl. Minft-irUi* hm (be cAwMn J 



H •l.oiM W 



nnpoMdi of vtrUJu) 



vilk t AL 



r 



Hty hainTy vomMiinl *iib ibo iHltUL 



filn^tnaik Th^ I AL U tfptn to b 






Uunal 






1 ilrmilal-iWitnik*— iWn h*di» rovlwn oAJ ovm^eiv «f hjJi^i^ 



■It-huh miJ Duj, 1 



U wj u4o4 ODij^iiMily At klMC. M 



«»li id aodti wiih 1 AL hj^%m: t~ #, JUihy[=Cll*ci 



UC91tOL-HA1>lCAL«. 



171 



fc& iho »T&nM dUlj*- Tba iui»LliihU by wUJl^Li tbniE iwilatluD liv buirii 
otftciftd kFd u fulUkw* : 

]. Bjr Uii^ iiutiLJii nf tino or wUviiiin im thit iodicfivi t>r ciriui'^il«A of 
Mka iuJu-^Ub, ^FritiikLjiihl Ae Kolbo.) JhI1>I« of otiiyl, xlmiiEly h^tpii 
witli flboly iIivLiEf^t fiitr ^Ei a doud LnbEb yklili ctL^l niirl iDdiiTo of Binor 
^n of c]>o olHtI (rctDa bwflver ileouiupmaj iutu ulcS^t iru julJ liydrido 

ud iitiotbCT porLloa nntlpinlULr w'l-li pcLTt of ihe^ tinr, lud rormlnf; llio 
mMaflol^l TfrlloHt, m1i]i--ulFi^lj L>H'Zei. If wilI^t tw |>ruMiit, (ha wliula 
trf llnj Dllij^l i* cfinvcFlccl into hytJriitB, thus ; 

GimLJulji if alculiul li« pmaunt jubUtoJ at wiLot: 

PDUatiuni likflwjitt iIv^mpoHv ejjTHiJiiJc of cthvl. bub i!liv whole 4>f thv 
libont^l athjl M dV7o^npo««d m Ui«f« into C*!!' And C'll"-— Mrtbyl 
■od Atny] AXs in liki nijumaT gbUliiAd by llio utiuD of iIdp oc tiiOLf 

a, VjF Iho neiJoB uf M^^M du Ibc iwliilQa of (h< mdjuU (Pnnklnnd,) 
TbJA |rr4i049« bihi bith^rtu kicTi Ir^id cmly on tbcr echIIJu of ctlijl. It 
Afieoin (vmi^tltfU^ lE'irHimpnnJiJnn, pn>vi-l*fl ahhio mtHtitiict bd pnt^^nt wliiah 
out jibH>rE> ibe tibontnt lottinOr Thus wiit-a tbo ]k>(ll«[D u Julroducad 
aiit« u bvitrlinl ^''0^ ic'"''*i ]rri>vLotJfl]v Qlli^iJ u^ilJi iiio'miry, ami it£|i>iiv<J 
lo tUo nyt of tliu aua. tJi^^ lUiliua <;oiiibiEmB with Lliu mMvaryj (kO'J otLyJ 
b *v)4Lrtt^l tcj (liu form of gu. Ju Hm ««■ lUav, if wutUE Iw pruBoalr 
bjr<'ri'Jv of eLhjl « fvnuifU. 

3. iJy Hid <il«ir,>!i/i,ii. of nciila of tbo wrm (CH}''QK Thp KOocnl 
ruTU^uIjL fi tbi* JiigoiEi|t(MiLioit njijiran Ut bo i 

Iji ihi* mninor ftwiio twid, CH'O*, yleldi motbyl, t7H^; vkl^riaaio 
Mid, C^H'O, yieUU hglyl, Cll' (KoflKr, OJUw. Sm. <^4, J. t, laTl; 
tc *cLJ, C"ir'0\ vi«M> Aiiiy), C"fl'^ Hid a;ii»Mbfrio 40L 

3, aio.) 

Hffitby] aaJ ethyl oru /fruHiomt iit Drdiriaiy ttinptriLtiLrvii^ butyls (unyt, 
Mild ctprntyl ar-i Ji^alda, tlin |]r»1 hoilinj^ at \\\¥i^, lHp mcond at ]A?L\ 
ud thr ibmi at 2M'1\ Tlipy do nut octmliJUfl dirc^Uv WLlli Jiiiy of tba 
tlunaitluy budirv, nuoli u nty^*.'!! or 4>hEoj'Lnu, and It bw noL biUivrtff 
bMO fbunv poaitUu \ti rrproiTiiro I'miii Llii'iii, by lUrout tiiiioj, Jiny oF tiiti 
ooBTKonda oF Lbo EnntbvK ^^iliyl fori^^ii, JJk 

Tba uinatilutbii pf'tjuwc WdruoarWin biu> B'^im riso lo c"n*1d«» 
■III* d Jacujwoa, Tbdfbrinutiu.C^tl'.C^]'. &a, oriKinally aAiigitM lo Uicm 
by Frmnklanil A Kc^bcj ropnuiimt thi<ir opnon- u iw^aLoui^c (or, 
fteoordlDif lo tbe rnvn itnal mode of viproMronj tho miuIviibiulJ npro- 
jnUJ tiv tbtH fonnttlM MTPMjrtDd to two Toluiops flf vnpinif. pp. i2, 53, 
^sd Idi), Ai iliLi ainounl uf ^u(]eti*aUoo Jidbn tmni thni i>^ riio"t otlmr 
tpgtmr- njm]K»ui>il^ wliji'li am diaEonito (iIhi •^ijuiviJciit corr^pondlnB In 
4 ToluiuH of npnvt), it Lm bivn invntaiiiod by acvoraL cliQinliU Uiat 



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IfaV inovdintE farmulib niaghi to ht dnqlilhl. '. <t., ibtX mcUivl vhouU b* 

TJili iIuTilicALion of iL« foriflnliB wt4 Jlnt profUHcl l>y G«riiu4i 

Ofellvd nviii'iili Vy !!*• (Eiiiurtif uilitlirl ihv ol]<*iiJiaiI ^^liurui^lun whii^h inifU 
ho loolitfd fur ID ImjiIil'i iiurUE-guii* tu (1m lutiula, uleI IIaI ti>a/ vtaQliI 

HoAd»dii fC^m, ^H-^ Ou- J. ;i, 1^1) ha* lik^iviM muaUJvvd tbM 
iht formala^ C*JI\ ^O, nii^-ht tn }i^ JmililpH^ kikI ihit ihn f^imponn^ h 
^iivfLlijn v<Lnu<i( ranlly bo Xnu i>r>;niiio rn<1iiAla; liraL, U-cuum llivy lio «d4 
-Cunil^iue ■lif\'orJ^ witb nuy ot tlii> t'l^iucuUbry bwliiVj ur git« rim io UT 
BlhbT wty fu 1\hj fc^rudut^tiun nT uie(b]rU, Otbyl-i or iuii3rI<aHBp(]iindK^ 
^rmmllj. l»4^:niiitn Oiatr vu^Htur-vJumv U* 'ELfTrnnt fram Ihow ^if all 
Othor knnwH hy^lrm^ir^Kiiiii- — Tbinllr, iHimni', if tVi^nklftDil A Knib*'* 
firrmulni bn (rut, thn Ivitinif puint* af flipiifl coDijroiLpJi will iiol *cnB 
wiib KtipfiV hv t|', ,1,^); tl'un tlj« bollinii; |iujfi1* uT ^titvt, ■uijl, utl 
oiprutyl 'lilTir aa^.'^rtaivrly by tT', *ii ittUrrvikl ijii>rv (h&ii iWbLc iff Uui 
whii^b xi'Tifinklly i^ri'i's^uuilr* Lo ■ ililfi^rvncD <'t (^11' iri IriidJivaf ibc frlbjl-t 
toiPtbjU, aui^l-Ji^riTv, Stp.-. nuvr fUo E!ii|p|LC*Ii0rL oi llin fornmlB ««iU 
ftiDCiTii (Ml Diianiii^r — fniiftlilj', bfiirtuap ih« dfr^mpfprulioD of Cbt 
l«4liio« rif tbo ftlrclicJ-mdimlfl by Kinc, i" not p^Ffwlly ikii*1vicoiu to ibtl 
of b^^lriiHlIc i>r hyilrcflbUirto 4obl, lna«miii>1i af\ jd ifao IaUot atttk tn 



pnnijffuii'l ciT ■■&■> hitiE bHfiiki^n k* fumt^Ml, nAuluv^iif lo linD-mhyl. 

To tbn>i>'ibji.'vTiufi* VrDiLkUdiJ bu fiViwi RH obibiimrr r*iplx. miin- 
luniitj; t}i4l tbv«v bodU* Arn pnrfcirU)' aaiJo|tiiiu ta bji^ragon. H>ly Ictt 
rlCrontflT r^rLtnlraixailiT^ Iln ftiriitU itni, biiwwarr thni ibp bvJnmrboM 
«bUhtJj by tbp prnwvM abovo enuuionlad, bauet be dtTblcil iau iifv 
duau, — tboifl of iho ono «Ib«i bun^ dia iriw mUfioli^ nnJ baviDflfafl 
(nsnd fcraiul* C"U"^ in nn «»pb nnmbot), a. f., metbyl = C*tl' 
^^rbilo tbvH of tb« otbfir olt^. whii-b lufl uudiatIo wilb lb* fint, aoJ 
mn Lba b^ndc« of Ibn mdicvJi, bbw tbn ^nntri^ f(jnniiUC^||^-\1l; 
^•9-t bpl'"*l» "f ntbyl, OH\li=C*il'; tbi^ rnnnw hn nvv^i a* iaa» 
atomio. tbo latu<r *4 l-tklfmLo. TIhi'i ibo g^ obuutoJ by Ihe tla^ 
tnljiii uf orotuU* of pi>litli, o-uA by tlio ■r>l:uii L>f tmo ■»& lirj ]f>Hicb c| 
mcEb^], 111 ibi' Ifiiu niDtbyL CEi', wbilo Oiit «bUJDtd, by tbft */iIoa <^ 
tiho or iif lilfbt uu luUjJa of tibyl m pnvubfp of wali^fi <jr by tb? HCJM 
of (KiUMiiniii nu ioUiilik c»f rlEiyl jititL uihydnm*), ii nc't iDirtbTl, bol^ 
Ibe hydfido nf olbyl, C*H'tl. Tbil Ibr-o cwa Wbc" •« rrjit fci-lB 
Mvnlifttl, tiul inty itomcriiv ■" ^bnwii liy tbfir bnb^Tb'Hr ^^tlti clUohiDO 

SUL MrfJiyf). 'Jo Ibo "bjwrlun foMtt'lrJ on tha ixii4clJn fliuu«|flc cl 
f*o bydran£bui]i» Kniikfnml rrpliF* ibal «a jini aot jutilM it 
tfXjKvtiiilZ iJl OTfuic tiJicaIa iv cibibjl tb* upLivd |>n>pnrlj«» nf ' ' 

Tor U uan b« ivraoinbfnd tbnt ibn •JmiHi' ntiUr'HK tluu la to 
UcfeU' utd hyflfOigrB, nbibri £iv«i ^icoriJitHi Ut tln-i* i-futhinimg 
tUm, pf^mttiitig Ififlfwit ikrvfaikr frBilniion "1 |pFu{'?ria^< fmm putaiBidl^ 
«D dip (Hi« b*Dd. Bo bydn^-eB, ^H, iiljUuuui, iriJiuiii» ma^l nilmjEHi 
lb«albpr, ibo bmlirt t1 uuo fulrvimly of Ibc icslt fitbibrlitif tbr 
<imi:plir< aiCnilira^ wbtla tUturn nt tbv olbvt 'iltvrnity abcv bbl IMk 
iQtiJk'Eipy Li mijibjjxt diiKilj ivUb uiv Dtbri aUinpnl l| v no* lbf»- 
fvrc turiini^rt^ ibrJ tbv i«01Dpoiin<l rblki^L *brii|bl |tre*?o( liinilir di0«r> 
«ani; ttU tMl kch ^f Tb?m, u Mn»1jl uiit iln^^nivtbtl. BboidJ liiM 
fii* on nMVtxpwun %a tbo air, wbila oibcrv, Wl, Ibe tlnhid-Bftdkd^ 
tfanufd dbfUl vvop ](■■ omnbin^nif t'pJtvry Ibiui hydfffvn, nhI 




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b« ftiiiTnl iflcapulilo of rflj>f9i!ufliiiir tny cif ibc 4!0»p«undp ^ti the #or(« of 
«|]]4:ti ilu^r fum tbr haiis. — Wiih toirajJ U ilio T9|icuT-vvluirit^ I'f Ili*ii» 
Tndictla, FriLiikbtid nlunrvcr dial lltuiff^i l\n^y aiHauiIv ilillV-r rtipiii 
tlitmn rtf mrwii hv*lp:priiLrlj"D», Hn-y at^n^ wJtli lliiir of LviLrir^cTi, Willi 
wb>i?h iliiry w in vvi>ry n\i|ii'c<C iit]iiJi>^u», umi wliicb, ju fuel, inoy ^ 
tv^^[DJ u tliu Jlnt ti^rin m llio tepiCJi of or^inio radiuia, ttua: 

|{ - L-H^ - t^U'. C^il' * C^tl" = i:-H\ ftc, 

WiLh mati*ct i-t tkn dpriiticia o£ Ibe Imiling pn'iiif, tnun ECnpnV U"*, fiQ 
■biOnfvtXiif itii* Inw i> fiiLimtisi cLiully oik titft <|jl]'i-rci«i?vu iMHCPvoiJ in 
lb*<Brinji nl' J^liMboli 4i|i] tnHy if*:'\iio. but i» lx>dk«a of iiiurv aiiapk M(l- 
•meUMi, tIl, i))c oiidM, iididu, ftnd cklui-ido«vt ibv nM]ii:JiH tfrvubu 
4lAr«n«aKKi fuumi; nuj Iipucq ji uiiy bu nuuEitLly h|»pi!(im) timl io 
i}n\ FDilic-ulr, yWieh ara fiiini>lMFL t^ n\]. iLtn UMliriF p^irnt* laf tbn itnHUit- 
jiivii tnciiL* nil] mikibh Hill] ^rcnlur dilTf-rprmH. — I'liddy, it i' nol to ho 
^i|Hinlnit ihrit n oniniioiiJiil of fiinp nnd bj'iimgpii 4]>oiim bg ti|>E>Jood hv 
Uic Hticfn of rjnn on KjrdrriobJnric nckl. iiiihdnucli m lack a <:<nayo\uid. if 
Ibrfnid, wou]i[ bo lueiAuil^ dcconipoaiMl by ilic c^rui of by-Lnvblodti 

fPL I'umipurldtf Oirup >(iv4inil lirj^LiiiutilH* Jt npimiirH muni pmlinbbi 
that thv inAit'K ^hicU FntEillottd nillx iiKLtbyl. nlhyl. A^r., «ni nmlly th« 
tmv rn-IirAln, untl nra Atnrlly ikiiiLbtjiT'"" ^" I>yiJraf^D io tbvir vhpinltnl 
ro^itiOD*; hut ihaT in Llio frpc *rftlf. ihnirvnpoHi^TolijinM OurrcBpoini with 
thuiu of olIioj hydrucflLr^oi^t, fend «iiiiie(|npDlLy l^iaL iho foiiuulK awij^cd 
4v ibuin bv Kf«iil;lnod oUiLtIjI Io \k dvubl*'iL Tbo ii^puviit uintrndfctbiri 
km jinpiiod, I* lvrL)IloilL^I by (lie viutv ndoiiUi'l by briHliii uiid by 
Orrbhrdt, vie„ ibnt* in iba fcro ntnU\ ihc uioldeidM uf tbdo miliDnf* 
Ibydroffln indiidn-l) ura mn'Efl tip hjr th* aDioa of tvn rEnmontAry xloina. 
liriidtn ]mji fliowb {Phd. T>ii»/. IK.^U, 7!>f{; iWr dnu-^^^opr, ifv- J^ 4, 
J01|k ibuT tbp top'kralion i>r ud t'liiiim^rary binly, piioh «« bydi'n£i:>D, from 
tuyttf lU ci'DiliiiiLLtKiaa, may k* n'^-uriiL-*! tit u i<LeLfllnkl nvntbwiaof ibu 
HTtii^b^A ijf Cbn luolulnl tlmncul, Hiiiiibkr in bioL Io ihul wbicb IilIum jiIilh' in 
th" irparatiuu of n foitifKrutid body, 'Vhrnt. wLt-u LydriJo of fiipimr, Cu'H, 
ii oTLinl ujMiLi by liyiirt'cblunc auid, Cii'Cl ji futiui^ and 'iH k(iL frwi: 

Tbv KttctlAfli wKirb born tkbm jJjuin l* I'uly i^ <louliln iloi^omiirtmEjoP, 
poFfeeily uialitffmiii tn thut wbich w u^iAorv? in tbc miction ■>[ by^n>* 
cUorJD feflid OD dloildc of copper : 

CuH> 4' HCJ - Cii'Cl -> HO 1 

tho S Al hydrojfpii Eo tbo rimiiir ivp numbJmujj; rn^^Tbtr jiut likf* thit 
O and H in tbc Mrrr. Mnny nUmr fUktiitdvi v^Ddrn^ to FArAM>h Lh« 
MDcluiloTi ibol ftti chvmimil runpiJijn" may I>d vipwc'l »s dnublo 'tocoro- 
]Hi(ii[Eu(]pi. iirtit tbiil tbi- ^AtioD of vi vlonirnltry bi>ly alwnyi liKiirk?! 
la diumicnl •^Eiibviit vCihb uiflui of LljfeL budy, rufey ho fuuod iii lirudic'i 
IHiliET uIhtvh rv/urmd Lo, 

r^'oi*. Awbt^ii irni.' ucU an ioilLde tf etbyl In prcarrjM of f^toFt tb6 
prodi^Iri kr« Qiyiaibdp nf fine luid byiErido uf vUiyL; ihiipf |C*H*^Kt] : 

at Twclii'ii "bicb Inln^ pltw*' nboii no wiitnr i* pro-fof, ibo pp" 
UciU;; iinlldD of aIqo a-iid tr« vibyl. may bu rcprMouicd Ln fe liiaiJa/ 










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bogiafgnoii fo filhcr liydrnnirlinTin wTiicIi mnv ^* flUlnlnml in tha farm Of 

C"H"0"=C-'ir'0",Ji', tU loBi meiilmni>ii c'MflifN>iin(l may in far,t ba 
mfiptiflvd l» bo fnrininl fnim Eripp>-ii^nr( C^'ll'^O*, in liyilrogoniiiD^ 
AMiiine, moh u pTorvi^on of formoDintiuu. 

Lvtly» 0)e n.me \ypo aj^pcart Ifi include tht^e or^iuiie oompcmaJc 
•rliidi ]K>[v;VFi tiM'iv or Uipk nf tbu chiinurLrHr "{ a oaWibMa buo- Tlitsu 
Aii^ifonitt niny bd rrg.irilnl hi iii>in|hJun'[Ki'f !£ Ac. hy^lnt^q nUli it iiij''lr>ua: 
eontnJning I <4r S At, niirogpn a* Au^fi, und only i>i n inw cunr*, ^a in Uio 
pr-pJnrU Iff orl r»f coriitAnl, in Itifl fumi tjT amidouvri, Thii nuelpuq, in 
ftdtUtLn^n [i> tiirbun biii] nitrogen, eoataiut aEE-UuibyJTcigiitiKluuo, or uiyiivD 
uti'l ■(Ujihiir iu luMiEtQO- Some hw of I^cbh unrlin lilwwiBU t'i>ntn.rn pitrt 
fif the nitrngBfi iti ihfl form if Miiida^n i>f hyihtniCrifl wrjil. Tho rkilnn-ou 
in iiif. hnclcim is Lu^cnliAl ; tlioru is nn nlbitlaJil frpB frimi iiilrn^Ti, 

^kAlnid* iit iu hchovitiiir vith or>di rbnd luctallLe nhi^ bUfi u mnruoTiiji 
PniLj ba ngudod ui a coja|KjUDd of UN wiiL II*, u IlkfiwLio mny tbfl 
■Ikaldiiii be n^giLEvloJ u tuEnjrfiiiiid» nf P. hElR^1Ua ntnUlaiiig iiilm^^u wllb 
H*, Mpniiy^^p, tm rt\frta.l nU-ms ft ax_v^ri uitiu.'^l wjfii im^bn fimii ii4?iJ>% 
juid ibn ■(rongoiit jlciiU wrtli rinclui fr^^v fnrin niln>ffiiii« ai»^ nu IHd otUar 
huid, il npiw^rn thnt SM ubiiM wjtb intrDgm-nLirlj^i forn>4 bust- 

Tbie vio* maj bo afili*[iK'i*riJy c&rricil owl filh tnost of tbfl oom- 
poonda bgloDirmj; Id tbii type, bai ivitb reganL lomuiy. &C ii D«««Biry 
Iu wiLJl f<rr u Eiioru uiiiipU'lv i]i*EHrijiinritii>a uf ikvir ^MjEiifjoaitionH fnr (bo 
tinmiit it miiT Ih' rvgujJi.i3 ii^ iia dlEciiijjL in aiplitJL tlio |>ui*iilikr priipDr- 
lj«» nf tho aikalnici* from tKrir p^culiir nkii]j»n«ifion (ft DitTuifini-iiUiilaEiii 
mud 1 Al bydrnjfTii) Wbn(iiv*ir i>ri*1»bi!ilr bnwovcr, tlus theory m\y 
jtettatr**, "p mny bn alTnwod to iotrfniuc* Ih ibifl |>1**i tit coBBiiloniiicin nf 
alkatoi^tft in >*cncnil. 

Alxxloim; 

C)ir;(funi'£ JUuZa, Vfj^fiaMa AihtfU, Or^inu! li'Mt. AlIciLiJt^ ^iw* 

M^mn^ni, irhicb trvM nf •qTat%l Alknlni^bi (oftAtbari 
8nTiLi.A»-— Tuibtn Mit (liroHld af the Alktloidi. Jrin. CflCiA. Phfi. 

pKLLKtti^H— Aotinn of lixffnif- A tin. Chitn, Pk^. flfl, Ifl4; iil*u J, /;f, 
CA'H». n, ?,;; — Arilion "f Cl-lfltitid. J. PKitrm, 2-1, L^.l; lUuJ. /«-, 

VEbokavlt,— CufapofliioD, ^Inm C^,Aini, ^'Ayi, HVr ll3;iJjw>fnn- /'Aurm. 

»«, to. 
Lifenm,— rDmiiTMJtiiin^ Ann. Ph't^yn, !fl, 41- 

/■Wirt, CVn/f. lH4a, T:3; .V, ,r /'Arfm. 14, flia,— Further, Tr/mt. 
Ap. 5oc, fitln^b. an. n.p 2^7i /"ji^ tfffj, /, ]*J, S, 4-lT: ib-ir, 

^nn^ 5'^^- ^ri. J. A, AO.— Apliiih uf Sitrtu iiiiifil nn Orr^vniii Alkdfnidflp 
Ann. Phanx- 73, Hd — On ii>mo 4>r tbe eryisUUIiiko miuitflaofiifl nf 
Opivui. TVmw, «i>^, (S^h £din6. SO, IH, 347; »bMr. CHm^ 5oc- 



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111. Jafe. /fc—. M. »M,— U arM J - 
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IMT-A. £^ «4T — TtfliA CkK i«c, ^ J. 1, M, «W JM, 
■faa- wtd 1^ AkAil W *i*h 5iW nil- CI«L&cO«.JL 

& in ^ j«i. n>-«L T&, is4^ -teL X A /Wf«. 1 «, Mm iiM 
n r r r ■ j ^ • ji^/tarm ts. si^ v. ^.Ok 

JV^k lioat^n^ Jh /bn. Th. •>!; 7», 11; X. Jw. Oa. 

iW tK l*f. «Wb C&a. A& V^ y, 4, «M. 
Ut«En>-0« Oq^Hl* Atfcihili « 

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4tti K.J. Pi^/m. lt>4M; J air^ir. ^ i JT. 1MB, MO. 

Wc»T«--0-*T^rf Jft«l.Jifci»Ji*.»iw^A»»iin>. jr.iM 
im^L /^p-. Ml 443; J_ fr. dot, M^ IN; abu. dm^ /Vdm 
T«, 3U; /■ftdTK Gmtf f>ll. 1M. ITT; /^r^cr. X. ^ f. iMf^ 
■Mj ISM, «4«; CA-H. .Sv, ^ /. a Ml 

Omm^ J^ h— bi^ J ■<—■ « ; Una ft Sctfwsnna J« 
/Vrm. TJw Sl^ 9TTi J. ^ tlfc«. 4^ )h»^ ^ »]£ /W ^ 
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tafw |»tf Avmd is !»• (X ffr,l«,l,]T),MJ>Aar*v>4i wnw- 
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itpTfjn Dt ibfl uLtvt MtaAl^ and i;Oiu]e«II/ in ooiuVpiDDtioD whh to 

ll«n^ nlkiiluidiimitf iIh lAabUiEiht br urUAc'Al fih^statat. Uni«r- 
dctboa, iQ IA9II, Ant diMffvoriKt jpnvoml vnlivtiln allmlrhiiU w |iniJuol« of 
dry ■ILitlllHtJMi; *ff-i CljflnlNiiK (Anilinfi}, I^Siinnn^ tttn. Mom ruAintly, 
ehr<iniiiu 1i»VD iucceod^iJ Id invpnrtnj; oJlutoiJi BrLlEl<:]a1l7 h^ other 

Prrjinmtian nf Haluml Ailaluida. 

I. If l1i« altoioiJ It vuJa(J[a nliLuut JncompoiiiroD^ iho plaol vhLpL 
eonraijtii iL, ur iU ULinomitniEuit luiuiiuiiH ujiLmt^l^ ■■ iljitillut wltli H iiiM'l 
mlknVr, tln^ tvvttity J)i<U]]u.u\ wlnuli ^rmDiLly i^mljiiriH iMiiimmiq hm whII 
•« thn Klkkkijj], i» imwilly nctiLinvliir'l with jmhthiiri^* nfift; tlin hi^iiul 
fir^ifratcJ lo 'Iryiic^; tho rcafrluc pi^iinstM wiih a^«nl»i^ a]?'>liof (or a 
inixliin of El witk et1i« I. wKivh Jiitolv^ tha toljihale of the ulkbfuiJ. 
Mhl luavCiA l]i« ml|iliutu ihf uiuftintim uinliMH'ULi*]; t^L> uIcuIluIUi nitlutirm 
VfiiL|»imtE»J 1» Jtynu-ii, Willi f rtnitum E nJiliijctit uf wri-U'r^ and flm ruviiEuii 
drjitillnii iTith It titi'H nkkitli nml wntpr,^wbvrTtm>nti Ih- HEkHioKJ piuaiH 
*Tpf, partly in lln? K<pnraio tlulo, md parlly diMohTd in "ftt^f On 
n^^UlioK ^bv npintoax Mlutimi w]i}i pitru «llicr, ilroAnlinii; tbo«ther from 
iiio v/atinTif Ijijtiiil Lii>1imi lI, !i(liI Uuviii^ it lu uvikiJUFutD, tbe ftlkihloiilj 
ivLuH liriilin^ ]ti>rTit ii fur hafow lilt}', rmviiiiii brlbiiii}. 

a. With tlin mi-n- flK-r! nlknlniifA. thn fnll^rt-jnj; in Ih*^ |trr>crw( ^wh 
nlly ftdnplril, Ttin pinnt in niFL.'vniiIfti) iriLlk vr^ii-f. i'h*n nitli ihp A^Iili- 
t'nro o( a >iiiaJl <t'^Anl.ily of frilfiiuri^^ LyilFiialiliirlfl, or ihvljir Ji«M; tho 
fcrottfD Hiluunii^' iiifltior uml otiivr (uFi'i^n iulvrani^oi, nrrctplutdd. if 
fieHMVTv, by tuM'tiiUi vr mibufllal* (rf Ircut: (b<i fillrulD fnad from If4il 
f>T byttr^^niliiEiuHr. »riii; and alVnr kkifflninnt RDTiarutrqtiun tronlad with 
ftinniH^iiiu, tfi m HiLnd iilknli, nr mnpu^in, In i>LilTiirJKiLt 4)iianlJly li- JUtiimtn 
lh« iititL \iv linn proooi^ llid iiikjilo^il, wbicli m but very uli^lilly «1(ibb 
Ia vbIQT-, It ttrr \^tv iiii-it purt []i'Crt:ifii[Ar.>il: but i1 |:mf.'fft1ly roijiitru Co bo 
fvrlSo'l ity rutrriLnUiiiLtian fri^iii b(<t alcobol, or by ^Ugvtibjj Uiu BviU or 
.iii>jLiu]]i^ aitlLiElni] witb aniniJil ntinrLHiil, ^ 

For tbtf *>|jimiTi(Ui vi iJkaliiidd. evoh u ftlropiiiHi vrliUih nr* mulily 
4e«iDpn»o<t by allbtf.-, llii< vuld wn»ntnildd •quoout ciiIrM. i* •i^ilJil'-d 
witb 4 fiitil hikiili H»>i 4*f1iL'rH or u iriiilLtnrof i<l}iur and al04'b'4, nod (1io 

ibIbI, it 1-4V4U th" jilli.aii>id in n nUvtn fit fur mrtlmr iitinlli'JiliaiL 

II, Sjnnii inrint hlkiibnHlri furni tvitli tunnii? oi^ipI a ntEikinnEiid itidifinjfly 
•olohlo m wfttoT llir citnwt of iJio pluril pr^inJiTTd v:'*vi hnf. wati-r. or 
wltb wilCT «(rntAjtiiDa & Tcry tniull <|i]|i.ul.jTy u? vu^pLurki? act-t, mny Iw 
btUtnlJioJ, wbf'Q <tuilrt Fuld, wiOi buiuiunitA* [n^UMb. Or M>dii; (lie lii|uiJ 
Biiftd iritb ■ htinnt; jnfiuinu **i jjijIIk im Zimq on A pnvi|iEinlE> nuiifiduuir 
la form; BJid ttm prr-fii]dtii1o i-r.llj-rl^Hi nn ■ linrn i'IotK, wnnbi-il with in>]J 
»Mer, pmnd lo (he ci>nQLii«ni!c of doLiicht nml rb^^n murd irith n ^ligjit 

I •lOOH «t JiiM pruvli^usly iLiLod tu |io«dcr Tbe DiLitur«) wUoli Lqcquih 
fint grwia himT nfU'rwHrnlji liri»wii^ fruiu dct-umpuiiilioii of lLic tCLDoio uJd« 
U tlii'ii tIniKl «vvt tb" wikE'ir-luiE-li. AnnJv {lulvi^ritiid, i!!iUiiu>Ii'l1 \,y burJtJiir 
irith alrvhnt nr cthi^r^ tbr rioliilinn itltr'frd In HrjHiniEn tki^ liuuiikl" uF 
IJmo, and Oifl j-ral^r run of tbo iloohol vr tfihi-r -liwlWiifi irttm tIiu 
Clunte. Tbu nniJun ufhiu ^iolib uryvlLilt of ihe alkiitoiil in llio courtc 
vt k fuw ibiy*; lu ntbrir rnniiii. U lit utEivlly ii<iLi[jmUi»jJ wklli luLpliufio or 

tifvjtliaric haid, in o^igr Ld obthiu % arjTBLolliAbbj huII. WjUl vuluLitii 
vol- VJI. Vt 



■IkaEoidi e«rlun modtOaliotift of tbia fir«C4«i w* n^nlnd. {0- IbMf, 

br ""1:4' «f Im-in Clip Pi-^i?^ of If^J rvmntW fma Iba iltmia Ita^ 

ef ib^ ^mUU try m ftlkiJi. after Buffirienl euwoatfMioo. 

Turil'dr JaUlU will l>u yivaq iu (r^tijtg uf ita uJividul 



1. U^ i]i« <b7 JlotlUAlion of aifliLiod orfioto coBipomiJa-^-CBa^-tir 
OTHUJiiA LuuiMiJJiJii (CLiuulhit^) bnJ Cjyit&lllno (Aa^Tlaa). vUcb laUtf ' 

tru'lu'^Lvl riiE/i-<^ dljuijtUutlv in lUu Ji y ^jiiUlitiirn 'jriudj^. Tar frnx it 
F^ ilJMJjIUlinri iti lniiKUi c<?[iUkiEur Odurmi^ OEnniiiVi Aumulioc^ and Ab- 
inuiQ (nJ tf, T^J. 

^H Dy <Ji«[|ltliijf LAolliDil orgiaio <7ompnua^« "Hh hyJtvIo «f fda^ 
Qiunine. Cin<:huiiiuo, Aud Str^ri^bgiuc, tLiu tpHlcJ. y{«ld LvoeolM 
(CItitiMliiiu). 

iritli n iTiml slkhli, ije'liIc f-f Enail, ot rvl niiiln nf niArcnrv id tbi ml 

klWoiJn >* (rilumlii*! viiih 1)yil»toil i>ijrla of Lf^J «n't VAipr, V Al. nt- 
|>b«|d uf Inhil Bfv fonni'iL, 'i At. wilIof wpunUnl, twl kfiL'Eti^ir ■Ifcaltij, 
feuiiKiiiiiiCH C-K'N^ f— L^HfyN.H*). r. pfudtiot.H.1. y Al UjI bf tfiuMri 
=ft|C*H'NS'j = ^iC*H'CyS'J, will. G Ai. oxldo of b»*! vi-l • At viftv, 
fbnn i Ati mlplktdt nf If^J^ 1 At. furbcaAto of I'huJ, dik! tbo klkUiLlt 
6iu|»ni^°> C<^l>'?f'0' t=C"IIK;jA>[OMf')H rii«u>t.< <J ■■iiiaH>Di^ b(f4 
^ ft AOftlflit elHit tqUo fuf xjuto wctkfl At « teiii|iai»luro af 800*. jiddi ■ 
(juututjr of AuiJJQtr: 

rurfnrol, C"PhO^O'> iniEaonad Jo ft^uBotu ^nunooi*, u gndvdtj «afr 
v«rf«d luio FiLrfdtiiiiiid&; 

Tbla furfi^nniTilr 10 fiotaliBs9> W » i]iiTn>«)hnU<1y irwolrvd by th*BilMft 
fif iPrliirc Bvt<li \ntu Kininunift mw| farfiirvl; l"U by b<rtliag iritb Jilsla 
p(iU«h'lvy» It la (yiDVdrtfhl. without kdv DTolulruii of femmvOiB. iDln iW 
in^n, FurfuriiWt «hioh u iatntu^iic ttitli U^ Tbv potftttt* itkvrpfnrr. «llvrt 
|b» ifrnTij^iiu-iit fif tikn iijL)n>ir, Futfiimint^ >* probnbly C*i1**(flll')tf> 
I toil Kurfiirirn.-, ".""M ■N'iJVtl^f \iioloin= 3*) lnj- 

1, By tniiliDj; a'lldjii iiitri»-rHjTii|Htiiri-lt w^h liyJivMirpbiLne mM « 
bvdruaufplihiu <>f HHiMioniii.'— Tliifi pF>}7«a hlwftyi nOaLM* id Ibot Ibol 
oUit nm ilKftrtTnl] of itU lUni' tulphiir, i-liirli ■• pnefpttfttW. irUU4lfiiK 
fo'rrrl lit Lhr. Ut <j| iK|i Nl)" ih ihr cumpivmiil, wb«v«by 4110 ■>• 
tf-l, and ^n Ihrlr »tn>] f M p*« intn tbr minprmixl (ft. 71i). Ikn* 
]lFt4wiiiiJ«, Cni% 11 cou^vrTcJ tErb> Aniline, T^FJ'VJI'; NimtOtU-^ 

K-phdi-lia*n.. t:*Fr\,H'. &^ 

ft. Ry iiwiiai> feoolhor 4rkit1ni<1 widi m\A« nf »iui|^ea« ta4 nW 
fihiinr of^i'] — Thcuh Nikr»iiQe jid>li Opjiuio maid knil « dav rihdiH 



ALiLLoma. 



179 



^ ffrniiTfian nf cjftr Canpotind Amtrvtniai iliJtunfr^ hy Wurtt tmd 
tbj), otli^l, uiiy], Xf. {W'alt), tLusj 

F. B7 the il^cIh^ti of iFiu ic^jiln nnil lir^midn oF tha flJeobol-mdtadi 
on jkmmoiMiK ainliqtt, siid It* diimniivuv, nlilDmEiiliitf^ lutnuilin^ db 
(llnfmnnii.) 

Krumidf^ of rrth^rl with MniDooift ^JolrU bji^ilroltTomttQ of ^tkifUtminai 

iho rnrm of ■ fin qlmnrlatLMi^ liy wikU^i', jitnt ibM Einininhiii lm wL fri-<i frifiu 
bvdrabmnate uf Mimnnin- — En n Ainulnr Tnnnn^T lakijlninim* iir.li>\\ iiprni 

. Ua$ WtiQ BCtaj X]|jaD by brutriiiF vT t^tb^l ^iuIiJei I'ridfijrfiifiine, 
(C*H'^=C«H"N Tl"* liirt .i.»»ii.ni.id Jn-'* mil iifi]>"^t to l«- actod 
itpon hy ci<i*«« nf lirniikidu nf ^'ttiTJ, ar 41 Iviul In 11 vjry ihgM t^ntvQt 
mi\y'. but [Ii0 iodiJo of eLEijt Ada ofoQ U with faclUijr. foriaiiig ut ioOido 
«f 7'rFFIfAt^HM; 
And (tiv Hiluljiib uf ihit aalt* iRfttci uiib i>iiib> nf vivur, yielib a pM- 
cip^lut* pf iuJjlIu cpf vilvur mfd a •1.nrJii;Lv ulkulino aolnllou niiiiniiiiiig 
tbr kyjntinl "I'it 0/ trlfrtKulium. (C^H^J'N 0,110, wbifli, Lj enii>o- 
rwlioa ia i-uuo in pfr"Vi)f<* of itul^Li^rifi aoit aJiJ Iiujp. may to ohULinf-l 
HI ttic loliil <La[4) fvmiini; io fiut * flitiJ nJImlJ^ tiko bjilmlQ of 

I |vU>b- 

&r* diiTi-rfiDl iM!lidf« n.ro fi?nnnd. tiit.: IndliiB nrantmrriiinm. il*NM; irtdido 
(►fnudy^wm, IlVr7Jl\.V.IJr«iiJonf.im.rAy/;«P«JJ^(CII'}\N I, kidKlii 

Tb* liur, wlidn aiiphfktJMl by 4:rj'i»lAtliBu1i'^D) riHluaoiri'd. imd iniiilod witli 

AxidforailvfT, jiclda a i^iliiTlnn, fri^m whif^bt byDyitporiLittii. iW btdnitttd 

LjAU«(if lotrnin^tUvtJiim hlkv ^jo iibtainnd in tUe noUd sUbi, iLsd aiMliulnif 

■HApniH nmilkr in ihcno "f tb&Wn>tlijliiini-nnmpoLiDd.— liidjdiKif ftinjl 

*^Mft94 frrlh sEUriif>iH& y'ltUh ntn[\ni ro^ultn, llioii^li EioL )0 ri'fwhJ^^ 

The ictiuEi of iudidtr of ntutttyJ aa Un^thyiamiQii ^iclda tbo jtHljUo iif 
■MAyefrwtAj^'i*™, (Cni",CH*)jN-I, from wbicL 1 crvsUHinp bydrnimi 
friiilc maj be obuJnod by tbi> ini^tbfld iilmvo dMorilKiJ, — Siiuiljif mulu 
bv the Atfllun of initWo if amyl ^m t^icOly]lklnilll^ 

lodlil^af mglli^l ruaiuj,' -m divUiyiuruj^lumiltu jlcl Jt bdidfl of TWfAyf^ 



rfwfl^fmd^^uM, {OK'A*;*dr,c^ii^tN 



uyi 



^ 



K% 



ISO 



TT7KS- 



E(Aj/hu>U7,( or AUjfioph^nyfffmfTyr. II,^CIl"J,(C"ll^J,N*C*WWi Ibw 

«dJ tliik, wttOEi LlfinikinpiMT'l liy ■uiii'tk |pnU«li) vinliU lltr Ihmp in iW (m 
of :m iiily JiijutJ n-xitiiililiniE ■rtilin^^ hnl, ilimriii^ 'ntn tt bj « ^ij^k 
itiflVmiiprt H^r rtilniir. t hifflirr hnilrnf |inint, anil m lo«*i i|i*eLde tf*vlij.— 
Ry |irccttoly ilmitar aoiioiie a gioftt nuiu^f of aiJuilLr (uiiipoimJA out b* 

Profisrtif^ All ftlkoluiib, oiL^ptiui: vuniiuv. |fj<uUiiu, umiirninr of ikt 
octiLj»miilimimuniit»,iin>lH'3iviiirl^]iriwal0r- [S.|i,^,i]fHhy[HFi]ibosO'dM4 
ut H'\ i^f iiwv\mit\np.<i'7 ^*i'\ ni I*" fWiirti)r of frtUylniiUnn-, 0^914 ai l!^ 
of 'tipLl>ybni||nc, O-fty^ at 1^ , (I^ofniJiiin,)] Thow wlikh oouuincK» 
pamtii'^ty irDalJ nuuili^r* of cikibou^altijut. [Ln«l iiutbl^j^* l>uL Ij^Jn^-Ti vj 
iiitTttK^" ill iuI']i4m>iIh urv ivulDrj' vr uily li4|iir*li j lliua uin^Iim^ ftKiinK 
■ti'ilin*-', Iciii-uliiLu, bml piii^liiu^ nrf- "ily lir^uidn; inu^L t4 tbm POOipD**^ 
Dimufmiiu nni "^^tney lii^qiL[H; IruT ihnnnd'TivrMl fr'>n] tiiiriniMrnllj^ TW 
li.tAc^ iiiial'tL<->UA In iiriilp fS n^nnioiiiiiin form •n^liri lijdrvlQ4.''^Tb4M 
•lli»l«Lilii w|tio|j lytriTbln uxy^roo feiu N>lfil. lioil iikniirir oryaUtllmc, huJIu 
wtivri Btruritfly Ui'ttU.^il, i^vuuiikllv wiLLijut 'ldih>ukp(i4itr'kii. AEukjpi Jbll 
■IkALuiilfl firu tutt^urli^feii LbL* mily <-i<iD|iEiE^Tia It^iiii; h^mlnutbliutJidv^ 
wltjrli ia yi'lUw, jmU IjnmtiilEav, irUich i> i-i^lonith Ihijitd. TL* kai^tlii* 
fif aU ilin nntiLiul Jilknki^lg ^xuninr^d by BauchjLtdit oxlijlvl • t^lillj 

B<iLion tilt T"^^''^'^'^'^ liRHt, lut, u'vonLinj^ ti> V.iaiiroiir. tbi* imfwit/ bti' 
poncHvd Iry lli^^ir ivliii-li jLri> piiidiin.il ikttiArLBtlT. TI]ei>, HioliK. 
(^"H'N.II^ liiruv iLq yhm- uf pulpcixiiEJup Ef^'^ tu tM lofl ; Lul uita^ 
(''^H*N»I-I'^, w1lJ4:Ei diphily nHmbtsa It in r^EiLpiwiiJun. ftppton indJAMM 
to jiokriJicKl IIl'^e, itq Ukairisv do uikHrhir tii<\ luphitm- 

Mi'iliyliJiiiotiiHCucoiuat onbunry tvmpomlDm, tndifttoa aot tuii^ 
IIM <<F>"M l»-fi>iT 0". (Wiirlii.) The '>thor ■IhnJnj'tft ft-uiiHia^ vlJly^ 
varljuii. liTilTu^-tfii, nn-i iillrDgOn, JUv IlciuiJ <t firdiu^ry tBtnprnvmra^ vl 
ttipjr builiu); {ji'IllI* Iw Iniwovq IM' (fULyLiim)nii> :ktiJ HHO'; thfijmmj^iK 
thf mnit ]m.fi. In ilMli]]''-! wilhnnl ilriiutmp«ilinii fliil nf rouftut v ^. 
lliono Billy whjrtb hnvn fory bJ^Ti liuilinfi jxiiiiT* •uilr'njig <|| 
when dL«t*l1p4l. A1kAlof'l« eoniaiiiJrif oiy<l<^ii i>t>'1 tu^irliur, «d 
ITVT. tre wliuJIy ot fuT iLo miut pirt JorUHijUrtrJ ly JiatilkciD^ 

T Tho bun ^iTiuloifiiu* iti DiiJn fif 'Jbtnc'Eiiuiti mri> tl'>n>nip«>' ^ 
linit in n Y4-ry r^'nitiTkfkhln ninnnpr A tpif\iTntf\j e^it<»fnirktcii tA^^ 
of nihlp nf lorrnLhyltiiir mnv bv KiLW vitlkiiLi 4tTrmli»n ; bol v ^^ 
>• tlitt IhUe bcooiitH iifA'^y ffry, ^1 1* i|fi?nm|i4»Fi1, even Al th« bfi&l ^ ll« 

Omtdv of telAUByUnm 1« doMinpuod In * ilkiDtf niAa^rt W 

of tBlranutkyUam aoilor^iH b diffflfrnt bind of HTirnimirwillflu, vUi 
not ypt U«n fully ntbininrJ; it yidilt, buwuvrr, Tikn Ino mIhT Lm 
4 tDlBillik tlk^klmn dLorilljitci, OkiJo of junyloitlvUljjlim jitl4a 
diplbyluiiylaJniiiOr viil '^l^fliLrJt x»>- 



Thu* boivi «fi[iupir iiiUnfJ lu tona x i^uqcctiuu link IwEVfiUU llw 
VOUIUb and tbf b^ii-v^iliLlilti JtlkiiEtitcl'i; fur mniky oS Oifl fii&l h«li*v 
■liuuiiiiU ymlJ mkikliln lintun wlinn tnlijrvtcHl Iji Uip* iin[jf»ii nF liviil nr ihF 

vnnnif Ibcir produr^ta of d^toiDponlEuin , vLile piniTiTjft ^ivo» pLroliot 41], 
ADtt morpbiiiL'. ivITiduv, aKlaiu«» niid iiarcatim). bavr uctiuUy Ifrvn cuu- 
TotltflJ int-i hIcmIjoI-Ikimw, iUei ftttxiivt y\tiid\tii{ tufllbyljuniatf. [Im (ivo Inilut 
pmpylnmiiin, ^l^||')]|'.N (Itnfnirmi* ) It m ttiinlLiAl l.dn linniimp'riiilii'iix 
ef Un1^l^ niLl.ivr alk^imdf qri> Qiiich mote noinplimli^fl than tUn*,!' ni thu 
kKili^'iiLl ninmonkuiB'baui: ttill nfcrULin fthikl'^fj'ai'pr^r'lo r^iii Ui^littfn 
thfini>feud luiiv porbapa lavh ihu wiiy la tliit iLrbifiuinl |irui[ur^liuu of Llio 
Ultd ujLli^u iiHulfiril", (HufimiiMi.) \ 

rLiiiiilini* iihil morphmfi : ilir f^nlllpnllnll nmninniiui liki'irini i^iljlair. ntrnng 
alkuhnn r^DrEionin bul Oic vvakor h<i*?<, nufL m nnrwljnc^ nro Deutrnl to 
ni^oialjlD coluutt. mid Ilkti Lbu euiiiit, vtbibit Ujckr biuic> vbimiFtQt vnlj 
tit Ibuir li«bu¥"iur witb lU'ub. 

Ouly thu mini vo] III i In idkuhjidji KiLTimiLy pcriHjit^liliXKlqiir ul flMmnrir 
laiiL^RkturT*. M)d Uic»p bntii ijfuii^inlJyrk pntiffirntmc odowrl r.y,, nic^rtrn*^ 
ODDiih«— ^ UetLyLhniinc, oihyl&Ditiiv, aud ■uivliiinluc. •mcli very niurb 
fikeikramWft^ tbi? liitCur nW !!□■ iifi mlnur liLu ibut uf iW nmjl-i^ani* 
^oaili- TliD uiJuur uf rba bi^brr lnuun ii( Tbi^ ^ri>u(t in Iua iLiiiiiiiriiiLirf'al: 
■DiDfi i^f iScjm ilurivird fmit nniliDii a™ ihvhusUb; IrriiiDlliyLamiUO imd 
tricOiylikniinif hnvtJi p^iiliiir K'Ky nrlour. ^'— 'Hm taM\n <-f maiithll;jLkidit 
» b!tl0r« BiTionir tliripn in fan ar^ nompof cbn bUlviwE 4i)hiiU]>RM kmrwn— 
ttr^^JinLno, frjr uii/iih|>)D. A fow otjjcm iViLo aliarp^ lU vnr«mAi>j i^r 
oromalJi' uuil biiruiri^n i" rtiiiliiio tni-\ ]oiioirltot>, — 1'^o lLll.a]p>lll^ to fti.t 
tt* (liL'V ^Liivr bivti f v4ittiEiiHj, IK* il» LJEiipij hliL'Ll Irv «trihiij> iNtiliuiriii[ riiuLii>h. 
SiHii* ot [bom^ u 4}i]iiiim<, net ;ui |>urD bittarsi othar" df inLrcDtii^d; «ainc uF 
thQii» n«4l/^otiiiiiiif«bi.'ii];> in /nil llin moxt vii>l«nt nnrruLlcpoljuJiifl knoHii- 
otbnVk A0 torntpiiic, Piorl iifi Dpiit nntinHp rhtbi-r*, wniooUrns WJi imTin 
ftudoarvuLiu; and, Gniillv, h-huu uf Uidqj, iu jik^oljoo, appear Iv uiE luiin In 
liiv luuibvr of Yffliittlfl oiLir. 

if^Kmi/tniUi^iif . Mi>"l dttntniflri vbioli orv liquid •! onlfaiTj Mmpoii^ 
lurv* Lurik broH'ii anrl kicomo f i.iirur>ii^ wbnn OtjnHd Ui tho «lr,tbii traiUtg* 
Iwmg &ppuviilly acL^uEikpnDJci] by furnuLiun cd ftniuffabB j tfte (oiDpound 
■luirLuniii*. liirrt'O'rur. do u^il aibrbri ibli ebMf«, w^lh iha «UDTitlHi of 
«Miif> ctf tliij»<i dorivipil fictni imiJliio.—Thit mora Snud xlldl^tbla, wIipu aub- 
jivtnl tf> kIrT JjnttlliktiNn. yioM citrb^n^lci at Muiiioniu Uif^i^lber wi(b 'ittmr 

ClD«?r.".— IkfiLPy tilkaifiulri, H-^Fih irmliHl wiT.h al-rntiif nll^irt Nrul, rljlitpiim. 
Dine, ki«^iDp, fi^., oibttiU peculiar oolonrMj pmhnUy )n tPnut »hb 
MBDmiAQicd by dDcorapuitluni. 

[FuTtbnr dBtitiU raapiieLiti)f ibea* dacuDkpOailJaila *eU bo glv«Q Ifi 
tmiib^ uf ibb luilivuEuaJ ulkaluiilri^] 

C*imbiit^rloiiO. Som^ aJk«toi>l<, auob uni«DtiD««D4l pii^MiEin, vid mart 

«f tbufNiiLpuuiid ■muiimlii^, luiK vuh wMeJ In bH pniTijnicpui ^ crthnv 

4iMDlvn 111 i1 l>ui flijutiui^ly, lEjiLuy I'Utialriu^ tovcrnl kuinirrtl '*r UjoiiHaDd 

|«Ha a WbnJ itrM>»lvii' llin iiJLiLli>iJ* luunli nMfii)frui'iy . uiTk'I' djui>f^t» 

ItabiiT of rbcm roadllyi but ■VToml of tlii>pm wbidi i^i»iiiiLin ikiyjfmi. ciii' 

^^eboUiuCt bod mcrpblne iat ttamplp. nrv Ti^rty innnbiblr in ikiiL ri'pii'l. 

^^L tn ibuir cuiubinulkuiti witb nciil«, l)ic HlkiJuidt *r« KDnlo^^iuA lu 

^■Bmiduaia (IL, ii6)^ lur ihuit vumpuiuiiJi with bjdraohlotic ftad oLimr 



UB 



TTl^B- 



1^ 



byilrv^ivoOfil* n]>pnir uiUv'Iraue iifLffr Aryhtgi bob fur tW pM^acttan tl 
tiO» i^iyircn-viiltv I Ai, of trttcr ii rci|Dirpi1^ nud ihin niba* n^um'm 
««d1>ljiiiiuu LkfLcr rlifl hIi liu brta <4iO)iLt<c]^ 'IfiiMl bttwm ltt*<«J 
1 to .ami CKunuL Wa^|Hil|E'iI wiilnrul JerfiiiiiiMLnif llhCfftlu (lU|^«alLy> 
Tbiih clriiol hvilrjnliMmlD iif >nnri>U.»r=€"ir-N'(r!lCl, a^ MdflMMrf 

*iiUinpioilip JjkkI ititc = C"H^N,HCl; th- «.1pb4t-= C^H' N»Hi*0-^ 
Tbo ulu furmt'd bvUic e^iEiibiuiLii^'ii uf an or^ni? mi-1 vitlk ibtBlkdaafc 
cuuuiii furoiu^Ii ii1»iit trf ilm ulkiilLitiL. 1 At> v( iha hM iln«d ptr KtM 
I At, WBi'ir anil I At nf tlir* Lj-poUintci^klljr uubytitvo* iKitl-^-'SmwIafdi 
itB f|EiinJnr< Hiiii ciiiiL^hnnLnc, 4r4> vn|qUfi « trning bihvia Mhr vliik 

uiuiiiv^ In iiiriiH'ciueui^u (if iJiL^if /KAivr ■uLuLi]itj,t\wj«piio(ulJy 4iUk 
lUu LuLd uf ijiu uJkn^cii^lf in ti iiiudL Ki^hirr itri^-rrt lli&ii lb« ^L^aifc 
llmijiiiolvu. JUmdj of thfm mlU *Tv ptriilml. but ulti<rr* h«r* aa t^ 
TURtion; itukdnadh m I Al of tk atiot>;i nCLd it mvl complrCfljr ftfuinlM 
by 1 ,\t, of A wp»l l-oAO, 

TW fl<iruliuria uf ujuit Hilt* of tlio olWuiilf Kuy ^ DTHamli4 tl 
dr^iWH wiUioiit iWiJijipufiitiiEJ ; if, liuwrvorH iboy evDldio * *du4ileBai 
hull (Ik tlbiiUti'i \i » wuiik Iiuh% purt or bNif wIjoId uf ihr (tnd it ghm 
off; vLiuiJurl^, ihft ivltii i-h^tiji (i>iiub a to|i,tUt nlktbiJd, /^va off p«|taf 
h whvu livotoil, Blid thf ui'TQ nudilj v dm jwiil t> wfakvr, 

lu the oinult of tl>i> vulfuja IjMn-ry, clip ncjUHua HhilJiat «( Ai 
mlkaluid-talla iLqwufl Uiuir Klkiih»iil ut iIil> nv^lVA (lola.— Lf t^ ■altft' 
b« nul U^ dlliiu. i-LiiuLuui:tu» i^timm^ or muqfliiap, trbVD ibiu tnatad, ii 
HpubE<<H lu thif Itnu \it KMCnly 'l\^^<mi oa lh«ubgtliir«HJet«tfB« «*!■■■ 

Wbt^n All clix'irlo vurrpnl >■ pnih«oil tliroAffb t «np rwrnvnintr vM«r aaUi* 
lauti witli BuT]4jiJfiP hoM. ill ^liicL hJjdh ulnwil a volumelvm (rWl* IT-* 
Ftc 20) Vi rctBjTe tba byilruKOii (t-u. then thionsliftCii^toDlaiiairtf 
uiauUt^ 1UI1I4UIUI luluduii at Itin ■alphni« uf lb4 iIUu^ w abn H 
|hliirwi 4 vuluninlnr & fi>r mwiving ilm l>yilra|i<tn, uid ubvtbfr nllfr 
litRUTf d firr ilio nivjT''^- tlio fttll^fWiii^' phrn4hiiHiiuv nn* nbiitrrad^ VfV 
iiuihion tlion nro cVnlvixl, for fivrry- 1 Ifl viU liy<lnij;rn in a. aal M fat 
«dIj 14 wh 4i7;fcn ;;n4 In c, «illi vrryukniDC, :li& piyjifHKlDii^:^ :tt- 
VlUiawrpbiuuxtO: JIJ; imhI wiLliniirruliiiL^trO :]t4, ilinrr lh< |jii»rtlj 
Cpfoxjtfnii ffiovvolviH] rn>m ih" ruluUim of |Jii> altkBluJil it not MfnMM 
uifhi b« nrpMir'] Trnm ihir iniliratLnnH of thu vi]|i^iii-i«r i,^ i^ ^ xj^ ia 
j^ATolitdli bka" Ui< mixed with ■ tiirirrqDkDdiTof DUr<«tQ ; e^ b dM 
CH« of qulalLa. frorn 33 lo 31 |i0r cqdI-. UkI Id tliftl af tttJ^DUWh abDM 
SJ per cuul. jUejuw it wuuhi uiipUhr tb»t |iart uf III* <i«V|ru vvnliMtlal 
111* jiintiLiv^i |)E>|p] (>kii[ikE^\^ ijir (n'riuii i»r liyilrogati of tbv hluLwit. fad M» 
nlQB niEnj|^E] ^v-]— But th^ liyJr»{;«>>E pu tvtWu'-u-i m Ihv TnlriMiiii i 
' ihc nihttiim 4f thpnllialoi'i iii|iiLri^;«n*l jtji i]iuntiLy -f rrrxt— mm 
]y fo tlM in Ibo Tolumrlor a. in |>ro|>ortK'q v ibc toiLitiua tt Uh 
tIkftTviiJ liu bcviL ih^^ulAMd uttli ft Ifttjfvr umuiliLy vi tidi^Lnrio aol; o 
Uiiif»«v<lbo bydprgi-^i fttM iijd ■• {u Hu" Ly Jri^a >^ m &iu 7U : AV *4 
q«miiiD, luid ^1' : HU wiUi uiircuLinA^ ^Vlian n poutnl Hlutiun nf lalplaM 
of •tryebikiup it n'cd^ t ?iiW c"iilJmpu«>of liydrDtf«n«ilt|«ct ik ihe lol^ 
mvU^r a, in tho kviri" linm Lhal t -^ ?uli, caau of pVf* QOygHi «iUac4 ■■ A* 
TuIUm(«or ', Ktil U'Q'i^T jjTUi. of Attyrkmiua Me MpMMed lit tk* MStm 
poi'', Wt-tua UuipHTt that (ooiitntTtoHfajLi uhv |ilii«» vitb u«mIm 



of jnurpmie 



Lhtulioa urUw«lMtn««arrulwdirii94* 



ALKALOIDS. 



isa 



drAarn]h»;nj{ ilm wKU^r of ibo ^IkkldiJ aolnlinD ttlto MS atJgiM mt 
AniJ ;]'? cnh. ccDi. h^Jroj^n. whJJc Lit* Dlhcf purtluo, whJrli. a<i<:oHitij; 

pud> Lbo ■LFyiJiuiE|f<-«nU«, r*LpiLn»liii;; frfin it a i|iJiiutrL/ of fli-j-nUninD 
•<|UTV]dBiit tn tliK (hn'> [Tiili. ffl^nt Uytlm^ti. Kor U'ftA Pikkp, n^nt hv^trns''^ 

*oll witL tlin (|U4i]til^ U^O','7 ^mi- 4(rMii»]]y irlkijiiiinj. iMBUcuwin Urm. 
C'l^rfk /'A^- TJ, liJA.i (Tint 4-i|rftrLinnnE iblmiLj, lnnTBvrr, a! mictbrr 
iuEc'rfini'iiJi'aii, A ''iirri>iit VF'lurli^ id llti> Tollamptor n. t^^U frrn I nuhio 

qiiaikliLy, or 0'1?|JI4 };tiii. uf aCr^chuinu, e^uU IIiilL 'ji]i^ 02' jr^iu^ ■■ 
«iF]4n£v J krtBV* fHrU^V i""n wmii i>r llm jiiryttmrM' riii»tmim|f liuMilvvU 
In the lii^iiiJ. lad pir'U^ frrtm it pnitif>n lioin^r Hf<<viTn|HmHl hj' tlii^ niyvfm 
91 tliii pnicititB pbIb» ih KOQHi^ucnw «f whiob nJto tti^ oXJipn tvolrca ii 

luM IKaII 11 ttlOUli bo< toil UuC t|UllD pUT«, (CtVl,)] 

TriMit <1ii*iL<fij'ioiu>jiolu(iDniof thvir nll^, tho iLlLulniilx urn |'mdl|iiUit#d 
by aJI iiiur^nb uikALiit, by niBifnHJ4» vid ^y n firw Ejf i.lkp hLmiifrr hmita 
a tbp hD«Tj mfflaJ*» UiJ mcirrJiDif 1^ thfti iiwalur nmurh t^nnct>mt4 in 
fl^«t»1^l1tJ(M^or^WiTiuut niiuwt. •uriictiiiK'i ^11 tijly *lrt>^w lik<- nnhliEiDi 
MnMlfUU 1<kii> llioy rejiinrb cliivklTCKi in ibc wuLcit lii[rii-L U'l'l vuLiiIiIemj 
vbon bontii'l, libo nicadiid mil itiaat uf the iiMikiwimd itiiimoqEa*^^ 
Am aUHit af tlio ctaitiF nlkrvUi r^HjwJftn oortim Ji^knloid^ f.if-, 
morpbin* «ii| ^irnpiufv-wAlki^irLn innn<iiMrbQfi(itti« likAuipp pr*ri|>iEU4 
tkntulM of iiip flKDii ■Jkrilviilt. lji»u'lioifu,tp of ittpUah or toifa (foiionily 
prtTQJphlntoa llit-iii cvtu In tlm i-uM. but hiDKr nuLokly mi boULng^ if. 
Lovtvor, iha -alulioD roiiliiinii urlarifi tieiJ, curlmn of (ha it]k»liiirl>H ■■"'li 
M cineliQiiian ilei4 iLiK'ntiEiP^ iLm no lonfvr pr«aipitet«d at ordiDftrjr 
lemwTAtnrvk Iry alkiLlinn hii'nrliciriiLlon, 

Inor^nLd uMi, the ■j|ui<(plib jiujutluiiB uF Uif moro mIuUId alkaluiii funn 
jpfDr>}>]tutui with III** nbovo-Qipmioii*sil icidir^ ikiid r*]>i'fiiilly willi tlioir 
Bvulrj] Jii^triobLJii^l or |iiitath alU^ tbn priinipituliuii Wijig motu npid u 
|li4 M>liilinii in rL[n>n£or. 

I'fi.4l'h^{A >•/ soda, fur «ihdiji1^, |>re(Lp«44t'^ii hhn «al-U of (|uiiiind, 
hvbHrin^. niur^liiija, iitinwtiD«» ttrychciibe. IrucLofl. ■olniitoe. icrntrinrt 
■nd dAlirhiOEae^ lb* iirdDipitiilv* l)4inf| DrynUdbnc Id Hmo cuuea lUid 
dMcul-Qt in cilbnix. 

JodidB of f'nUiMi'Mi pm?l|iltUP» tho mXijt of d])<tbDiiih«, bflbwinn, 
■M^hnin'?, bruc^iko, TiiDrplLlDe» vcilvine. Queo^tlflk TPTnlrtnu, diil|iUiiiiiin« 
ftVtl oinrirDD; loificLJiuv lu ths crytuJlii^p aomolFiDOt in ibc pulvrruli'Dt 

^^icAMA Fitnif^iuU f^ PiAtB"iwi (I11<. AU), qJcb<cl lo mkby klkftlilld 
bIth, ihtnvA ibtwn "mEDlHiic onmpnLiinlii iif n iivdmilikEn ofrhp' lUkKtuid. 
vftb I orT At. iurlliio oinrv {wDictlm^ Eh^iv It formrd 'i pifEvnmlintt. 

eonflLttin;; uf * mlituro ^^f n>r«^rnl 
litnUi f'lniii wiib <iiju oi inn i noliiblD 
iprtun*! nr inrtiilo nf liinr ur IvrUJii of LfOfl whli tbo 
bydrliidatc> nf ttip filkdutri^ Aincoiii pitljuib p'lumil uu iha prifiipi(4tn 
fvrru* luilirlft tif putuwum. and ifid aivj£oa M tli? poUfh in'tly ly^nvcfU 
thfi nlkbliilil iiitu wioibtr iiumpiiijml.'(Bo«fbard»t, Cumffr rn>rf, !t, *7J; 
hltto J. /ir. (?Am. TJI. 1l4l.\ 

To (bii It, |nffhi])fl, niakd thv browyTDd procipiUU vbioliioc^* 



W1U) I nrv At. lUriiiio uLnro ^wtticti 
AocAtlDni, uf II1MC04* pnnipitAK i 
dafiiiitA fxitu^wuEElji, Th4< jmH^iptu 



k 



1M 



TTTS** 



tliAauI«Dd iaftliMltol furmH with tlifl iaill* uf quia ju#» . 
Atrjh'liuiiivt. ntrupiiK^ vumtriufl^ finii-lin*. 4^0, 

drop Bud in «c«u to t,n »lik^\d-M.\\ -IiidIvwL in imliT, ar tpfltUr a 
ikki>h'tl. pru4<iiniji.tii* in vi<3 iiKtuiB of ihi« iJIoIqiiI. Th* iaJk viJ hoc 
hn iIipiixI'EtiilI in a ^nOiriont <^iiiiniitv <*' VAlnr til fmvmt il« ><nni|iNlij 
hf tlifl A^r.fir^l of Ihn nltmTAUl viliiltnn^ tn thvfv* of Chlori^M of Mac^ 
trltlflh ii l«H lolitlilo. llik iwiiJllUn h frociIftDMUily fiildUtd. laiyi 
niftnnfir. (liU aalCi of crcicKuniTiv ubil fguniiuc /i** prBc!|tfUUiv *4«a 
dimtilvud ill HikiuD tbuuFiLuil |HLrU uf ».U'i»]ll>1 , l-bcvin nf Iwi ctbir fivrf 

Ihii iqillh iif mitT|>]unr ^ipr-nnkiHa^n invlir noul vtlhoi;! vvnr*tion of t«^V> 
— 1'hc iircTpJpkUti?!) arttl io'lntc <if iFio olkalokil i« colf^tirf^ 4aJ M*> 
(rryetiLlfiii- , itollELvmtui uLruuijlv. i^itJ wrEluut luuviTi^ irhmrmti), ■!■• 
|iiiiilL<iJ, Hfttir Jr^yn/j;, lu u Ln[ii|mmliiri' hiifwtMjn Hi" nuA I^D", aitd oAf* 
lJbo#i»i Ly LtiEtimtJDEi; w^it>Ei *)t|H>iiri1 tn dift vr H abrvly Inrfet bfwa. 
— Tlio tii^uiriLf »iH]at«i« nf f1ii« al kiil^piili in* nrvrallm"} <4l«itlHii, «fti 
mticb ainnt r^lulilo ih fnict r^np] itlonrol (bun' iJit uiJ lodua; vWi 
hmtftl, iLry fii4 |i4rtLiLllv. niul. m^irt ■ htii1f\ itiXoiiai* •l^jhlljr W 
■orMoijly, witli DvulutinEi ihf lOrEjni^ itriil furiuAlLoii uf ■ Imlify <k^W9tki 
Iktiy luny l>ft iilva inoftu (o ^li^toriHl^ Uy |H-rcii»ion. hi)l ool ■» AEBMflrv 
llw iwiiTiLtdiiilOK^AiiiiwiiH iiilphiiTDii« xaUi MH^nim 1I14 ioib* ma 

thtm. (Sur^lU*^ Jnu. CAiw. Ai»y> ♦■V n«; aW ^^^^^ SO, 315 iat 

^^HR rAj^d. i-i. i7t ! nfno >/. oft^. jn^U lit A13.)-'0uniiiio diMnlrol o 
Ktciohol IsKlau prccipitM^i] ti^ ioJje pflhl- 

Th<i oltJi <jf ihf nlkiLlalilfi, And in t^ma nMM tlfo ti« *i|qnv«>aiJ 
JtEi'uHolin 'HvliiiUni i\( T.liii pnro AlkU^tdps roml idck «fnl MklU «( iW 
hi>Wli> iiirUlr^ n]pijrrfij-ly mluhln pr<*t>lj'tlnr<'4, ^lAth Arc BMuaUiMV n^ 
pouniU nf tlio iJUiLroid with tli4T iiLFlJillic inh; •uiiiclinif* of tli« «b </ 
llio nlkaful-l »i(b lliu mctitlltcaalF, 

l^atiim '■/ VvTfmiK Suhtirruilf wldi'il to th« »1i)lio«tof 1^ yUiUi 
in bird rnch long i>t nthp/ uid*, vr irk '••iw tmm mpniy !■ nUr* !>(■• 
finnpuUni ■>' nuf«ly [trv^rn^tM**. w|iii>1i |^i>D4.'ru)ly coDl&ia I Al. aHmT-^ 
In I. ^ 3h or 4 Al, <*bloii»)p of ravrt^ntv. <Ji„ wr|h idilLn«, AHgOt; viik 
Iro^^liDV, ellgCI; will] tii^UJiirjiiiD. SlfifCl; wLtki thwrnnuDiii*, 4IIe(^ 
vltb hiriajtotiuAr jiiivtUii^H Titi'I nicviiin-t illli^CI)- nHf, ^ilh n^lidHMam, 
oiii4:]|i»nini\ <|iiEn;ii<>, nutrftliin*', nrtr'^linA^ bnirmtv iini^niov^ nnliivh 
ihiJ|j|iiiiiiir, fiti'l rmotitio; with ErlfcthTliiim \t forirt'i bMMiM «UM 
crjninnin^ |mcipllot« ponipo»l of ((."fr^'NCl^tlli^CI, (CuQiin*. atHfii^ 
■oEnolnf'. ami iMMiDitiebn uot prvrlpilutrjl). MubV <4 IIimb prBvifstkl* 
fuH jiul nUijvi? LirQ~, fbruiag j-cLlciw rmuHM; tUay ilioultv bsl ipirt^f 
iu wiitiT U"il iOi*»IiipL 

With t'r^ululr nf -\ffrrvfy nlw. WJort or ftll BlkaloUa 
sonhiaiiiio« ; Ii»d«* tnwt of Ifatir lalt). cfcu very dJlo-to, .. 
lodUtoT n»rfliiry Md poiuiluni, wLitu vr yiplluvtih wldBv^ poll 
|-0f S«40llvii[ pr«nl-i^'*<' wIjk^Ii u|i]>iMkr vtiUu# nSlnr ilr^ id^ ibhJ Thv 
ifaitad, ^tipjf off vhpi'un uf imliin-- 'Vhi* |Trrv'L]tiucr ff»niie4 w^ik 
tbTliBiDff4fT««iH]n<liin4i'>in|Ki4JtiaiilL> tliprlifirinp-rompooDiL (H^b*ai.) 
iprnp- CUIIot* ^nii. t%m- t'h^t. 41, 303, alio Utiku. UK IM* ■!■* 
A. 7V,t1, M4ai. 

jr^nrtf ^ n/Kf pnoipibOv but firw uT tbc alhikifc Tb« ytm^ 



AriGAT^mB. 



IAS 



nwMtMof J At vtyviaim: I Al, n%ti\o <ir »]'<ir, lyuii I At uiLrio i^^irl^ 
iC mk^. lliorofDPD, lia ru^ur^Lc^t a* Tiilni<ltf nf fltrynliniup) m wlm^li tho 
110, ovttmttj Ut tbo c'>iiiIitiLiif>u uf t^« »l(, it rrnUovJ Uy AifO^ uc 
li by Ajr'^M«tbrlJUiiiiia» vrhvlitiniuri, bq^I LLEiijJiuliim\ [frvcipit&Lfi 
oxMh nf vUvhr. ami r«li><iii^lrn h'ta 'iuihn lika uuimuiiin- (WurE-n.) 

AL|uttiJUk r*'yJifiryft>' 1/ Qnl^ n^id lU r<niii|>rtunil U'liki olilnriilii uf MnliuiTi, 
frimb i¥'th 4Lt* I'l |4bpip|iii'^, «iib»kMiF«. tplBJtkiii^, iiMn-ttiLr', P4Mi;ijip. nuj- 
fi(DP. clocliun Lito, L#l>ccririi>, corytlallDC, alropioiv nii>rTihiDO. dclphtamci 
tnd eiJinELiio. vifHirw pi'ei.'L|»KikLcitH LiiiiliiEin^ iu Lfouu. f<:JH ur Anca, very 
■Lurbt-ty M*lubfr 'm wnlcr, ^luitJy rio|ij1>le \u t^caiuA. Iiul jriniklLible lu oth^r^ 
Iticy r*|'|iiMir |4t l)i< cninhfitMniM nf ii^n^Muri*^'^ «tf jfuU with ihn iilku3[<ii|. 
Thn prfclplt^to Foriuoil J>_v mnrp^iiiK^ Htnn lumf lilaiiifi nnJ viulfit fmm 
KiJiiollon of goM- |C'<jm;>. Latodjao flf Tliilrii^raio, ^, MVia. ni^'rf. 1f4. JTihd ) 
^litLiua uf otiiyl-iuiflitio yicU* wUb tiirditurinlc uf tfMld a yollu*" fjliy 
pivcipiu.tLi» (vuiily diir^iiiipciHti]. ChU^rtflii <]f |i.-triilUyliLitii Ajruu* ct Immin- 
jrlUw |]nKii|tiulii, wIivih' fiifmnk i« (C'H*/NCl,Ai[l-l', (Hi>fmiirMi.) 

Aipifo\t» liiehioruU aj J^/iainum [irw]j»ilJit««A t\\t} lilt* iif (mrly «ll 
nIkalaliU, bul ool tlioae of xplaulno. Tb« yoLlnw |iTKip'Ut«> wbioL 
i* tiFdjaLiEiiuf urykUUvyruublar, »omuliuic> puWvruLDDt, ^uutuiiu, ■» fiV 
bt* it buM wt liucii uiruiiinml, I A(. ihf liyilrvuhluntv uF thir ibllml^i'lH tind 
I Al. rtC^; 111 thi- c-A>M af nimiumtitu ucily> tke imiuiipimtd rt}ijh'ii.n |ii 
lmT« ft <l][]i<rTnL compnitilLnTi, ^ujipuiiipgf tb»t nlkHlDiiI lr> rc»rLLniii hC. 
Somo of iljQ oflmpound amTDVDia^i4lt« 'if hirrhltFrido of pljuiuiiin, forDj 
W>fD vry*tu-1» irr j-Tuiit lirviily nuil rpjiuluityj f, ff., tlio liHtbyliuuiuo 
I •■III If Erulliy]Li|iii iblt^. (Ilufiiiiiijii,) 

1at# Uip nlu nf o'rliin alkalnidpir 

1 

I Mibny^ orj^aoLo ntshit nn J t^iciT oompdundn nitli n11iiiU»j oJao proi^ipiuto 

UlB iiLlttf uf uarUiJii nikiLlfitdi'. 

HvtjtJitef/niitdf vf PtTtufium pnTi|iiUlni lliD nib nf dii<rUnniii<^ 
^uminwt IwlioDiiTiri, jtlryoUninPi I'twiinp, mnrpbint*, cmlriaP. nAToolJnf^ 
Tvnvrmc, <Uttp]ji[i]iu', ijul miH.ino ^vt^mt fi lliiif* prrpipJMk^ aw 
«elci>)br, olhen ounly; L\ny iLi^Lilvo viin'i, tUc ii'int-oiu iiL>\.tiirv Jit 
lualfil. AO'J lOfibntq uul o^lju (14 ti nuulii but iili:uboj foriiit wilU Ebaiu 
■ ItiiUfz ■ulutiuu, wblak tgUiLciit forric aaXu. {G<ffip- Artiu, J, pr, CAm' 

Ojtihe iitid iiri-1 iiijiliilit of potjuli pnpiptljtiv thg hIl* nf ninubnnihn, 
iililnitii^, Mvl ■trvi'bniiif- 

y'lr^if uriiJ proi-ipiiulM ?iLlicr tbe A&JU or itie klootolie lolutifliii of 

^^K Timnic ntiii (Unnin of ^hiE'^Iji). nml uNo tin* infu^oik ^t lliirturn uf 

^^^Bkllfl (tbft lpi.ttiir« biiflovor. is iuan nJn-pb^l tii lb«i pnrpiHtrit Ln'.riimit tlin 

^Hplcahn] vhirli U oonUJii* cicru ri ooU'^nt iirtinn un lltP- prrnJ]tiE4Ej<), prp' 

^Ptplltliblo tlic ukt of fa&nj AlkalQE'K uTitI iip|iaTcnt1y of nil, m,, EJinAo of 

r^ VHHPiCp ETEt^utinn* cWQimr. ■iciDiuiilutv <;nLfJiuif^Eic, ijiilnliiPi cine bovi lino, 

r <!iB^pdAliuu» vuintiiKi. iiEnjpini-, iiiiirpbinii, I'uilviuu. uaivoUcio, colftra^Jic^ 

wnitLis ■(ryrltninn, br]jiiiJii\ odliiTiiitr, nLUnmo, tliuubtui^iiict. L-liitlittifUiuu, 

MPeqinqriric, voratrtf]i>« <!nlphiE]inr, anil t^iniiEim^ A> Ibu prdcijiiUil* in 

hIAu Id uiiU, kCL «ic«t ol uJd Id tbo nit prvrontv ib« piVDJiHUtiuo. 

(WwkanrtiilerH ^- Br. Jir^. 2». .5*.) 

Iluf«jru pnkiif'LLjitm]f tb» KckEuijuu uf ibu ullLiUuiil-iuLt wttli tuiniiNAGiJ, 
iff |mpur to hid t« tt ■ drup ar two of lulpbunc tai/L Ail EbdHt pro- 



t 



I» 



TTpn; 



«i|iit«tM hrit wKUd. cilol^i vtd dry up Ic & wbiM powJvi 

^H-ltn^, tiTiL iifU-rwurJ* bi'^upiTiing hriLllo miJ (ruibic* Tier ffipujn ii 
lour \!i lEiD cuo Iff i^lurlu'iiiDe, qniuliio, •CrycLDiDfl^ and (■T-a«ia«, t AL 
liuiikic viU (*uppD4»J = C^^H*0''>. 10 I At. of lti« ftJliiJoid,— If eI<* t"*- 
sipiUtip^ Ht \t*it with qumine odJ cipc1i«rniur% b« voclvavd wbiltf 
■ivi*l« 111 HliiKinphL'nV oiv^vii, it bvmnbn<s for iIip nhHG pHi^ MiJable 

fnrrir aIIh. TLu firvciEhirnU it ^DFi»iLir4iV(l liy riuwj tnoryftftm I 
tf htah jib'tmnt ihn lAiinii: h-kI an J ant tUnallmWl trwfii MHBiAiiUt |vi* 
Mh, OTHt nnHv, linwpirqr, p^n^imllT Jin^fTi (hn vh'Ai^ of ■! If ik« |«^ 
olplUUt hi? mtAt Intft ii fiMrn «ii^ Nnryia, timn, or nuurnMi^ uid ■ vaJT 
qua-uliry or w&t«r, it brir;uni« j*HCra or Mnttli from df«impoaitiAii ef lk» 
Ufmir jifij, mnil aftor Jryiu^', iliu a.1kiJuicl m&v ha «iin»/««d n hi 
nri(fiii]]] Mlittn |py iHtilini; iiti'^ilirrl TIm< hyiLntihl utidiv of •hOtJiuovT, 
tm^ liwL, iinil intn, "iinu-t T.ht^ Uinnir «(iiH» knr] dtn olkHJoiti Buy thra U 
dl*<olr<Kl oQt b^ (lIooIioI, Tlii? n\u *if ihfte four oiMf« bri ia b kvuW 
QUDiuit, rurmiit^ Eb iu1ut>tu Alt uf llio ■IkiloiiJ, 1>Q( Lbw fnn v*J «v 
lUEriL^f in tlivm iJiii._v h"lii a jiorLiriri of ilm tnoiiutit m Ailolwfl. IjUltj^ 
tlid uirLniD BE'jil amy nim tii' *'lUiclm»ii hr tfli* *'>>i BUMt paiwkiHiij 
<b« J»tlor. however, -orm nf^iHr" t* »r|. The |>nt0lbiUt»l 
b«ftr1y udAulublc In oold wat«T, but JMuWc«piirtn|^j ^n bvi 
ATjEutiuti tfiFUdiuiu^ turblil w U couli. fend h brvvo niiPdija flln hMC 
iunioil iipnn it 1'hoy djixulva in wiiu« Jllutu luri^la; bUa in HlvAti 
wid At ■ iHtiling hmL in aptrii of Uti Um,; Ihf mldtinn tT"Iil<<q# IJiav 

v^Mhalj, lHtf« nrlivr roneh than hitior, aiiii doi?4 nut yitlil cfjitali 

W &vfciirti*ili>o. (O. Ilffiirf, ./. /*/"irtii-n, aim.) 

wZii: uid Jdu uut ifreoij^itLkLc the rmXv ot Oio iiika.loifU, 




Thi» <vin|)oiitti'tn i^r moMt nf thn onB-u^tj^^DLf^ ^iltitt|« !■ 
tbxl tfi^y TnnT It* rA^arilrHit, rithpi* (f )» u ^uinj-nLinJ* iff nuf let, h i 
I vr 2H ]> njiLif^rd b/ 1 vi- SN, villt SH. (Um J; of («J, w uwki, 
Cftlnlng I Ad In pln« of 1H, (LnuR^nt), or {?). u oopnlkied 
of urnuifjnlu willi an i^rgHnii* roifkjKPiiml nf»t knciwn in Ihe «tp«miitMMih 
to wbich vinw [tm^ihuA fri^r* lUi |irrifpr«i]». Tb# folloiriae BiAfat 





FMrniulr., * * » 


t^^H* 




^^^^T 




C rt K C U N> 11 C a AJ C BAm 


fiiaafa 


Klpwilnt -^H.^..., 


,10 r T - 10 D 1. 1 - T« » 1 • 10 t 1 


t« « 


A^mn* _„,- 


It T 1 » It b 1, t - TV £ 1 - It « ■ 


tt 4 


l«M-olbi« 


Ii r 1 - i« & t, « - !■ :v 1 - IV « 1 ^^ 


It « 


TUuMr-t 


.11 fl 1 - U T 1, t - N ; ) - 11 « 1 ^-. 


. Il t 


Onlbw — ^.- 


1« If 1 - Id )r^ L, 7 ' l<i 11 1 - 16 It 1 ..^ 


, M M 


VmfkMtt^^ . 


.10 0i.?i> M. a-u ;i-iftti._ 


■O < 


fliiDlHvhOiall'lv 


10 & 1 « JO 1 L. ? w ict & 1 - 10 ) 1 , ,. 


!• <n 



A (bw nf thwc *Ik»»oiai ooTiU^o S?f; *, ^^. •Hijiiin*=C"U"?f, t»l 
)nphlnq=r-K"N'': null I At. nf (hvni, kllhnu^h II mnuJv »X, adv- 
nf<<« 1>iiT. 1 Ar, nnM. Amnrinn m HtIvimI fmm ibv nqplftv C*^l*. vbWIi 
Uki'ti lUr» t-inf« jrifM (""Pf; ircWin^ tn (gV u-" 4'>iUia ihr i^rfctflj 
liiuWiui ronnulv i>'Jl"N^11V but («) };i«» C*<}l"Ail\ » Um iftflfv 
!• & d'fificDry of VH in |1ip uiirlriji^ BrFordiajf lo (-^) thv fo 
C^H"Ain'.— SmBavipD, di'N', nipij bo rrjfirdtd, acwSiDj 



ALXAIjOlUi- 



1S7 



m 



{iiiifllwi*:^ llf ! 1:^); tliitf'fniiiLEs vf (Lie lut lkh iiJIehIoiiI*, hoYi'aifr.itnt h> 
U-r dnutftful* llinit thu iittr^^^'ob m lU^'Ie riti^Un nii^Lr. nc»l v ■udi, Hnt la 
ihv form <'f cynoo;i7n ftn^i Duii'lu^im MclftiDLnf, fiH'N', in pniWhly 
OAJ'N'.H' ftiue!fu»=fl ; a). 

^ TKb Ukabiil* ill iho piwcilip^ UiM* m*7, of fonnt. !« mpp*- 
tot JTi 4 fnmi Hiiuilv lo lUoaanlmvtj gifvn fur ilia bttHa djaouroral 
Wurt« Vi^i Hcifnuuib, t, g.^ 

Ctrl c-"}j"l 

nil lliu Dtlior hum^ tbo ■■<tiirpf>iiiii]-nmniDiii4»i r^mruiiiinir rlui uTiwlku[' 

rwttnili, mikV Iv f!i.h|]ii(i<d in tim ffirm c; ilm .1 .i=i[r^H*J, 

>"H*i fcaiyliminci=K'4i*),KHMlnDfltIiyU'">>'*' l^- I' ^ ' ^*-^^y^- 

tU_¥thm=(CIIV.NZl'. Thu fum- (i and b urKiimt wull l". .i.li|.|-d W 
iJiiw Lbhivv iiiiu'liiuiib n* eIidv ^vmild lUJike n<i ilutiiintioik (hiIawiii fliuno 
ivbich ftTx iKmiorir wuli B(u<ii otJ^r, <ijfili n* filjuUmiitii »nd diiiiA> 
Lfafianiiii*, meLLiylvtL^lninmo aiiJ propyl a mine, srLloki ftrp? i^ikila di>(irirl 
frum UD4 another »n nrifjin »ntl prnii^rliev uud civir diJr<-rvEir. |k>i-J[]:ilB af 
ileouinputlLiuUb £liuil4f r^uEiiiiriU rfflibiiom ii\n\ nWn liOlwt^Oii ■unio nf 
lliflpa HAU 4Ud obbur nl kftbiili. praviDunly known und ubtLLiciD^l from 
UtUUj didamLt kuivdh; IIiih iiidE^vlvLilimi in Hnniprii^ with tciiuiiliuu. 
■sd mKlLjintbjIjiiiilm* VitU titnitdtnc: hgt ihoin iioniprin mljitEjuifmi 
eiUUttlii? nikJflt flLJJIbini; iliwriniljirLty m ihoir oti«rEUiU>rK- TMp mnj, 
prrbapAi to vA^bL. n* » prouT tLul iJro I'lTmit a r^nil A nm uni Iroo rcpn' 
«Cnti>l-Lvai ul' ajiy of Iho Alluluidi. lU Elkure rim lu l^lUc <iuubt Cliut nil 
thiM bo^M an ainiiluJy dODttilDitd. 1 

CntiAiiLnrinff tin Dumrminly nljiob Htrll Axifltn rwpwtlnji: tlio wral!- 
tiilton ^1 luoAl Iff tbc <-iyifrii4lo'i alknlonU, \i miiy dullloD tocifiibiL liic 
cumfMiEiiMi oT A fd^r of (liuQ wticU uv lioiit lmuwii» lu in tTw fuUuwiatf 
tablff: 





Env'^t^ /dtabU. 


AoMirdini to a. 




C BN 


C U^ 0. II 


CdbtH 


,.„^ IC LO 1 1 


10 I 4 4h 7 


ivrfWiv .. 


„_,^ SO li a a 


iu 10 a fiH a 


Cl&riHaUiB,,, 


JO It 1 1 


^0 j« L r 2 


C|alnl» ,- 


:^ It 1 » 


3D V I 3, ? 


Minphtntf -, 


AA 19 L B 


36 IM G, 2 


Codaiiit ,. — 


„„. :» ™ 1 » 


30 [V L a, ; 


fCjnuUn — 


4a w 1 u 


4n zt ; i4» 9 


Cobratrid -- 


.,-, 21i hi t s 


3ii U L «» £ 


jrtf jchnliif .,. 


-. (4 M 3 « _. 


44 »D f <, « 


■wtiM 


<A f f» 3 H 


ja 11 } tt. V 



k 



Wo ri}ti*t nfii otpH t* notiw, that ttx u»ii^ CH'N'O*, luppoilntf ll 
14 ieiorr;; to iUt «r^nli> alkAtoj>ti, iLc tlicory (<i) uuaut bo BulufurLuriFy 
fmnicd «ui, iu the rtiruiulu C'Ail',()', wn find %0 uut^idD tb" iiu«b<iiH 
jpwa ml <if VH, tlti^ furmiilih. C^'Adr)^H^ mi^iiinn n ttunlniPiKl^ ^ 4, m4 
O'B'N^^H^ ■ niknhiBH^:! : <f, vi^i'im f-x\fti-nirn i^ very doohtM. Ba( 
lMl>4l*»dutinjfiii*bcd fix^rntbo tr jo aliiAloidf hy iimny otbarpnur^^ 

B«rvrtlui iJ- p''< CfurrA, ?3, S3i ,LtAr^. fl. jQu). iL'ifo.iJt lliD itlliATEMdit 
IM A<|>uLikUid 4:ujii;<uiLiiLb uf 4iiimi>i]i« wilb m* urrunii' i-omiMriirid. in wbi^h 
tLv KflUUvuiA tuUiti* it« bbaia |i»pDrEJiiiL If 1 Al.ofiUJ iilkjdtfbl DontoiuA 



im 



TTTf*. 



niijrn Ihna I Al iiilrfigAii, tlm vxnm htHtioj^^ to lTi4 or|«iM OBmytmL 
Thifl t:rw h ■Dpportr'l hy tho airnijihnty of th» Aunniiiiiu*] aad rilfc*' 
IftiJftlWu. Tllli i«cbr>l t<i tbc witflr wbLdi th«j«onl>in. jmd by ll* fc4 
tbu laoat ftlkaltiiJi ctinLaiu only 1 At. niitortu. On xhe atUtt Wa4 ft 
i« nimiirkjiiilc] lUui iliir iiltmUpitU, ulUmut^b, liko olber ii«ul4tU vahaliMVb 
tliirjr fiv tilT iiminrmitk ivlmn i-iilijn^tJHl io *3fy iluEi)l«li<»q. yrt txbibkH 

iVlpiM iiF nintniniiiF tliiiE KulirtbiTiiY rnuly fipmivl, TUt^ iTn Vol glt%«l 
tmnivTik wbcQ ImiU<h1 wlili ai|ucoiu poiAtb, tud in luvij €«•« mat «m 
vZivD fuHit wUb tfdraia of jmiiulj. uuiLhrE U Aiiiibuui& <utr>ir««J lii* 
tbiiih hy djluli! lutiilH lu^ing id uiqihi uid wilJi llll^ uJil cf Jhl V^hia 
diWimi-wxtur in ^d^W f<t ii miLaniMd hijuvuiu mlmJun <>f TioaiJaB^ attft 
tmrv Iff nLtrn£cn in fivulvful pvrn on hnliEiff l^iv U'^iiid; hut bf • ^ 
dmp< iff nmmoniii Lo Added, iiiEio£<d U iininfiltutlj ifiTCD off ^0. 
llunryO WLun ■Lr^cIiijLiii.^ Iirui;iiiv. ihud vtUvt ii*Uic*l a^fcn^-by tft 
dr<i'iiiir|iuh:«J tiy iiilcii.- jirid, no iLilniu of ujiiLiii>Eiiit it IiiuimI in 1^ wiadift 
(I'Kliijf. I^igy. SI. V7-) WUiMi nyviJit* ni ntrn b dgotmiptiri by uu«b* 
flf fjuioint. utrjvhniiin, innrphini', «in>tdi)0. ^.p Ui> lii|aid laiaiiiM 
Lli» rynnjiL*^ r^f (hii tlkalniil y'lolAt no uiQJt flkOD A^lMird fr*ni 1^ «Uan£ 
0f Dihw and cvofioniLvit, but xi^'-'Q ^'Cl' Mr^ionitc uf kionoMt Ada 

fJuunpoiUion uf (bo eyaaio ucid, inul liavn <bu klkulMfil Ivbiil 
(Imibiff, JfJh. Pfvinti- 64 TO.) Wa hieeiI. Iiawfir«r, i^rrvc with Bmafiii 
tn Pol BlUfbin^ any ffrvnt imptftAnr* to ihn InAt-ainilioiiAil ♦3E|i«fiBMl, 
uiuinudi V tUo atQiaoQUh niOiy h» Ino JotJcinLnly ui>JI«4 wiUi ist cofak^ 
to bif coDVertcd Inta nm In coi^junctlaii vkh ibc cytatv aelA, 

formed amiuikDU in tlo 4lkiiluidii» o-ru libfwiie unfitrouniUv to Idwai'j 
JiuppDaitinn (CotHjyi- ni<iiauctrj I, 41), tbnt ll^ oibUJii tipiJu.'— , 
tiiMrniifl^ at i^nf tmn uiiLtdii*, wbi-ii InnLril wilb |K>tuh nr v)4b HiJit 

Si«M ftumknnia *ik>].h dniijiiki>ijiciLii>r fif «»!«■?; >t 'n. m fikft, LtFmHtj bj 
ii« ■^^n'UiiLitiitiiH.-, IliLiL TuMurtiaMk. wbii^b it avl a kuc, ■■ dHlinniiAnl 
from fujnjrin*. wJaih ia Iti^mcrif! «iUi ir. 

T T>ir H7.tM>K.nybur% ^Ei.. SrlUnctbyl. (CM'/J^lv StibvlM 

(C*ll'r,^l)p ^TiA l^tlliiiinjl (C"'lf'>t',^li, bttil th« corBHUPili SUbmvlkylin 

jC(r/,fib Aud t^L;i«iL|iylii.n> (C'lt>)\:^1v ni>L>' ulx. b* rt^nM V Alkaki* 

mid Tiifit]Lllnid> \v\'H\f(\hit Lci lUii tVE«' 4>r iiiiimniiiii 4i>d UDPinniun, «ftl 

<inrrr«pniiLl III If ninprdtLdv ■" irinUjvlnriiinn, iMTTlhrlinnL. tn, ^ Tb* 

,«(HniioiLiiiJ> oi>nTniE4iTij> ' ••'-!]'- ••f iltc iklot'bulmdlnii ire obuAMd kf 

'^itldli^h' tlj<' iLididi-ij <1 iii'llivl, &i'-.. wiUl tDtiuiunlib of 

Tliry uu vulniiln lii^uidr, liuvhiK muurkubly Blniu^ rvmbuitiif 

rbinc^w. lEEiiliiiK Jdoriliiiuiy UxnpnmtimiM M-itli oky/nu, •idiibnrp wt^Hitm, 

rClilorin'^ iridiiiv. Aiv iltn lUrl iil fit>niiiiiiiit]»i] hiding itlmffH w>tli <Mit 

'idemblo vvuhiiLou of hrrvt» 'nAlriciLi in Hfm« <«<« M pntdvc* vlti-J oMfr 

ltiiaEi»ri< tLu^ ilibuivthvl mid etiWiliyl Ihku l^n- by moFV atlirt «ltl 

Ihn aitr— Tbv i^ujiiifuuiuli i^uuUhniti; 4 -M, uf (ti>i ntliiuiki hftv* >t<4 j<< 

oWtniiied in thf H^pimU' «tiito, tiut ihi^ir ludLJvfl uul bnaiidn ara 

rclMkLaod liy ttio actntn «'f ii^^idv ar brami-Ivuf iD?tbTl ta ttkfl «* Mi^ 

[ni<rlb>l or itibflLyt) jatt n* t^tnth^diuln it lonmd by tbe >clii> «f 

* %do uf <il1ty{ un EriKl^ylDiitJncL Uf ibue (oiii|iouud»^ tllboitlbylllB b 

ibiidi bu lirllii^rlu lq«i«ii inuat intiiulMly fHiniiiiiiiyl. Il iHBt k 

Dtlil.', {CEiVNt^-t HO. ftbich, Itkv'ibc hrili^ted «aUt e< 

uito, kQd uolofttUi to all iu (•lUllMW tv «AU1JC p«(Mb, A|«IIU« 



irmohs. 



'}89 




■mnionia, uid ovnn haj^K ami lims, m waH a« Ml ihff bmtjr ii>Pl*IJio 
Uiifla^ Itam tUtiii comljiiiilioo*, J> pMoriiW. ioilidt^, l-r-nrupftf, fiil]ihflli*, 
mlnilD, no., u<e iirfM'i'ittj tiiilugLiOit In lIjh c(tm'L»i"ifHliifK AiimiijnJurEi' 

Iikflffi*ri *'i-vis 'thtaiiicii by tpwl'mg '^lilml'^r3ll,■i with iiniidn ftf itliyl,— 
BJfflnolljj^l, (CH'J'Hih '>UaiiiP'l by ifNiing '»i>iUA^ at olhyl willi biimiilli- 
polAObjiiDiH IB Ji[iutJ.er b:un bcloTiig'ii)^ tf) itii' biuiiioniA ly^n-. flriJ i-o-^MftinjC 
ainilju diiinKLfirv {<> ftjb^^thyl.— Tho priuaphutui Iawj, (0H>]>I'. I^kewiito 



Oxv^OMm/f </^'ucf« itT^ Ilj/drnff^m end Or^m intijunl numh*n 
tff' atoma, 

£thcr«. 

Til*" I'nw nritpiiUTicTii of tU« nrdrr nt |>rvat«nt ttfiDirn to *KiBt, aw pro-- 

ALtnifthpn f"» wiit^r, ""if-roihlty wilh oil of MirloL Titwo oiibiirflneoj 
wiLltilruw 1ivtlr.jjjpii a\»\ -li^afn tuna llio nlui^liul. luitl tJjo etlicr JwUIj 
tyvtr Tliun, wu(i4-rpfril ur riiL^tliylic 3iLi-r>MH C'^\H'U\ J^ifM" mclbvL^ 
mUat, CH*,HU, imi ti^muiun akuliol, C'H'.HH)', yioW» cumTuuu cili4>r. 
CH*JK>- Ainylif dUir/, C"'H'",HO, ii piodoMU in ;1w it>ruDiu|>u>ULDn of' 
cblnrjii* nf 3Di^l by [^c^uvili: 

t:'"trMin . KO - Ci-H* lin - KCL 

Thttf ootUfKiaDiIt mnT nlfo hv dprnHit by the formnW^ nHO.H\ 
*^B^OpH*. — tmd C^''JLUJ\ a iiiud« <d iLew^Df; tlicir c<jiapbfiLioD nhii^h 
it KatiiirtiDnilvi] by iiruny of rlii.iir rvuL-kiiJiiP. 

lb lUu nidjirul [Itwry, rbii nihiir^ nm n.jpirilncl ihi C^H',0,— C'H',0,^ 
CH'^,0^ ^€r, (hu i' Id ut, fl* ikij'ini of the tnvulLi'iiiuI mdicntii, mi^yJ, 
OH\ olbjl, C»nr, ftmi ftmyl, CM['^ 

GprliAhk iiiii i>thi-r> >li>itMu tlio nlomio wi>i|{bt» at ihme onnkpound*, 
ytnliiig. fur L'AdiEigpIdH llii' funiiuhk uf iMiifiuMii tiiliir, C'H'^O*, h> as lu f^ifl 
rid of nnpviiTi iiii[iibrir» of it'>nn Jiml obtmn :i. fliutoTnk' iT"'- '"' C*H'0 
vniilil jfiTff B mon.-^I/kmic pjui (p, .HI, Tliii rinw, hnivflvrrn J'j<^ mtt 
ftf«nnl h^ih the ^ow ]io)liD>: |ir»[ncp nf tliQ «llicf^ or nitli ibn i>irri]m«U]icA 
thflC oniriiij'^ii vllite, ("r Finriipl[< (iint*^ II bo in}>]pplflil in n rfl'l hmkt), 
4lcf4'i not yi'^ld uny proiTEirt 'jf d<^EKiiiipufiiliuii vuaEujiitiig laun Itinn I Al 
CKrbDn. 



'CMMlM«d_ J(?HtW} 

CanuDn gr Vlara Wiir- CtHJ 

f CM *an 



Si. 



Ml 










CHvmo - 1 ' 11^: l\ VI O - C H aMt. H° 



-tTH'.HO 
p-CHClpHO 

-c•lL^tlo 



-cTiapif 



-C*U»CLO.K"' 



100 



TTPEt, 



thi tvnn Sthtr, or mtm nnW, yapfuX^ bftd hfo lmt( ubIi* 

utB corlaiij pontpnouiln iii*tirij^lftliAtl bj ihair TokiHllj. *dtmt, tw^ 

li^it aolbliflity m wkUt. Ac,, sod obtibiavd by imliDf alniol wHk 

;«am|>nuurJa^htq,lnp4| by timilnr mothodt from llia» ^hAoIl ft W 
1itiwovL<r, Ixoii lodhii rhiiC ttiv jtfoJuolt tbut hielBiJoJ aod«r tltf 
«tLu mutE bv divided, ic^unliu^ Cu tbcir con|<wljoa, lata I&ih 

l. Somv mtiybo re$ir<]od u Akobol— lUO* ot m Niultoii 4 IIO^ 
Tbft ITtCDoli cLi.'Dj]it* dnjgnalu LbL>ui ji« JSfArrt tfUnJirM etiOM CJITfWf Jk 

lu'rr fftiiref, I'Lcuti t«i|]|K>ria4U iltv Imait duTKitrd W Uid ofif cafM 
T)it]E<C>UiOi=aiL^t]iyhcorfimnidBlhDr(//o^e<icv-od«*/Vni&iA<vf; 
CH'0=rviiiii.'nf L-ijmriiQDDiLer^rrnWeAfr); C'H^OsuijUv «Uwr (JVj)' 

t. Ollior poi>iTH>imJp bQli>n^iiij.' to tba miho tVM^ and gvDv««lj|^ 
Aim^J Liy fr4.'4Ltit]^ i»it ulvuliul rtilU k fiyilrugdii'ULi]. mj ht rrrifitJ 
iMtK'Tn of EliL* Jiml 4'iujuij in ivIiJi'K llic^ f At, 4>tyjfim it nfipjkcvilhj | AL 
tf ^ ndifjil of « hvdmirira-4''i']r To ibin dpdj }j«lAii|r, fnr viaivpte. 
CIWi— CH'I— CH^Cl. An. i ^tl'Vrf 'fu d>uji>w ;/-hr- Tl» muv 
of tlio porrcdpoiiibni; lulfiljur ooiciriounih li rn'maloiiiip. like ihti 9i tit 
ttUcn of the Rml i:'lii>i*: Uiii tlink uf aJJ Mhi-r oiIiofm uF |Jid HVoiht # Uai bi 
4jiii(uiitic I fominrly -tfnoiAfJ IIii^'p ^-onipnunclji tiy thu C#rm: f*ry.1lllM 



I 



C 



rwolk (b* nDMl of 1^ 



Ul I now piTiiKja^i utr llmiji itiv icrrq '^f/'t wbii^h 
tliLvo mmiw ufv ifrudxud tUuMv of thb add nJii^j thiu, C^'i«^\^afeffr± 

*1. I/L^lly, ximny ^thni-irrinn (LnjH|»itimtli< prodiiflpri from bJ^aImU hj 
ny|[nii 'Ontiln mrkj Ijt rrjpiMoil lu ^i^irpfidiKU rpf an cThiT uf <h4 Er«l dia 

be lit tlw Yi^[-t)l\ivlieitlW buLyilfuui t1uE» : £'fA?n Jic froiH^itr jMm 
1 fiUQiarly diiiLTifUttbtd t]iE>i« ennaprjEihiU by tlift »dw of A'lyiAMliJ tf* 
ffafflif fif/ ajrv^'U-nciitr (NupAl/nm fiirr/^ .^vr-Pi/itfiiivn tiaiiyT^; b«| | 
now priipii-i? fi>r iTn-ni lUc (^rm AV^- Tlm». CH'Oi:: St^wifrLn^ 



lltf Iwl nrb f>»rflfii|i]M u tiiMi^lli ulIkijImI ta itc (^"mu liiijiif. It 
(i-'li«|Ha Ilk- 4ltat>uli ii> 4>ift-4<ikrfM|»'iiiUPri bTM»iln Ciicl4iUii iiitit viS^ W«m. 4a Ibt 
IrA'iiUit'Pn, i^i ail'^'l rim tj-rp»L< iMMif^iiUkly ^\*^'A \n Vip^Uh OurCt, ablfc 1*^^ ^'^f 
prrh-i it* ilrfitiKf ii^'l Ipilxllkyilple- rl^ui, f.tr elh"* ttf tli« lVv«1 *■!■•■. «*!■■« C'U'O' 

c"'ii"o- on-v'ir *^ft-i jih ™p^p/A«'— Fdf rtii^w^r ih# MwnJ *lw»t ^i*a*> 

MtJr, or Ayd'LiArcn^r tmyt-'lh". &C. — Pctr llf ribftt of 1'»9 (Jkir^ WHb AfnflkBk 
■hnLlH iinmriirJUbR irmy ■» Ub-lJ. *LI., C'tl'<J,NO> or OH'.NO* ' ■lMKfV«<W£ 

HMMijfr *Mfri*/»H Of mAijiivh ■Hffv-t'i^- c»ii"o,t*iio*-oni»»,cnii»'-< 

■r* tona> n|.r-4«[lT vi-|ii'<l b*!!^ rkiluAl ihrirr, vhirt (he >ii|\ar rffarbi bvi « Ob 
IhmfJ U UtaU'rwiElt ii4>>|ilnl (n KriflaRLl. ami \t rBpfiLly pliilBM fv^tJ ■■■ » ^1«V 
ibHfl* «lPnltN'Ptla1 flkimtdi n\yn Ippii' Ittlhiinji tim lb chUf o|py*jTifnU, ttpf* M M 



4 



ALCOHOLS. 



»1 



TA fourlfa elivin in fWmrx] by the campoan^ nlhf\n A'mtvff^H hv 
WiDlmni'itn (p. 17), the DaniHftnJfoRiiiilncf vliichtU gitcn hjhmmiit 
an- HA ihWo-stti 

0> Thfpp mrlPTiB rthrr. MrtbJ^otf ft Ethrl. ar\ CHMa naM\ 
iT^htl.T.'flfMell.rl _ J'CU*]**"*-^*^ 

Aiorbifl of Kthyl ,. ,„ L,.™J"C'H"j*'''^ "^ 

AooOril(n)f lo ilm »fi>ifLJ<' ■ffci^.-UtF ml^ptp*! in thi# Xanri-fioik, l^-*.- oom- 

Smnd i^iliET" mil*! hp toz'^r-iicJ ua ranitflH rrnm £ At- of wnirr, H*0', lliA 

p) Mrthj1»fe of A»r'-c"i-!jii[0'-<^"^l"0' 

ml JQ iLai li^rht lli'jy liavo in-[<-ed li«ii rr^ivnli:)] liy wmo cL)niiiiiin> 
(rVfJL Gfiyfr^A IiiiwlU'\'ik u/ On/Qtuit VKriHUh-jf, aril <>ilit. p. ^Anf*) 
Aooorillng ia WllUibPinun'* notHtiou, lu>«*btQr, tlior mlljr ticli^ng tu thi> 



(i. Cvm^tLtvU ^ Kudfi mOi 1 At. Itj/Jjrogm ar^d I At. Or^gtn^ 
Tbff troo dooliolfl at preheat ka«"D La fiitit Aro m fuEiaw*: 



f H O 

V.]-h1 apLnl ..,..M , t 4 'i 

Cnnmun Aluihal -,,_ 4 6 3 

PuTrrki: AlcohLtl 

Cnryllff ALoAkoI ..„.^ 

KlW^ ~-.H 



•4 Ml 



r^wy I. 

C II, uo 
IE S it U 
8 4 19 
B I ft ff 

to to > 3 

t« la 9 1 

AS IB S 2 
41 M fl 3 

CO OD » ^ 



ilO.BO 



W«o<I-ip[riT t* pniJiiecEl hj dry tlTitlllatiixt; cflmmDCi ftli-uLul. aad ApV' 
n'liLfv hW biii-vli*^ "uJ HnjrlLD iieMl» hy furoibPlalEDii; cfhvl. iy trfatimj 

Smnnwiiti wiLli pLiivih; ni|iry1ifi nlroh^il imnt nvtiir^il; aorntin from 
hidiAfk.ivitt ;4nrl riii^lwn from f-w^wni. 
Etph if iho Urol iLc^r^y lu Hilupti-J, it ii nut nooDiMry to mppoH tbkt 
tho vJeuliuli ura uutikpuuiiJt uf n unf Idlu h IlU 3 At, wdlirr, but that ilu> 
9 Al, LfilfojruM ind 'i At. onyguii ul^UicJi iIiwimhiIviw tfp'if*ifrlf/ Oi (liflW 
nii£ pirt« [kf tlin nitolriiJi, witlHrul iLniiing (ugriln^r Lb tlm (unik '>f wntpr, 
II ii oaly ^h^D ivUiintioa UiiTin^ i £n<at i^tlliiiiv for w»ur, ^nch d* 
■tlllhiiric uriU, pli">p1iorJu ju'lJ, &c.) ai^L upon tUD Blcohijlit tliikl tlio 
l^rdfOnli Ami orywo w iHjiiOh'il lu unUu miJ furiii i^atoi'. Uiiiliir 
lEiav ommtliLiuvui, AnnetimtiH I Al. atygiip luiJ liyilrr>f[4<Ei arc r^'iii^t^vj, 
moA IbMW TvnjftiEu An ttber, — ouiODtLniei S Al and (liv tiuuJvuK ii left is 



I 



Itt 



TT?Ef. 



CDTTiTMrun<|auiuLciUvL (UjvI, kdiH. ^0- *Jtb I Ai.O. Tkai, Wpii whi 

hU^I^OIK^HO, *in<lFiifl<lmli=hy,l«tfJ*^iUrofi>mjl=C-il'*0-aa 
hue ptiicr i|j«i>fvi-'l in iTf^tPF H«rfl hoi ''irm ^WhoL— Y WUIkoHt 

TVgVFdn thit alruHnli bt f4>niin<] fmin wntKr, .fO, by llin kbldtitvAisft nt 

I At. motb^l. ctliy). \c., ivr lAt. U; Ihtit, vo^d^pirits || O; «kdibaf 
fill* r'lf*' 

Uy ;]lo i^oiJiyiaiAtivcly fviAAo nvLjuo uf Diygen Id vLrloai wiytti 
of tbu ii.|cu[ii»la urti dfiutitt-tl at -2 At- liyilnu^u niid ix-uiatt4 ■!■ 
AldiiloK <^ j^-t tinmiuiiL ii'iiftKi'] iitto c<minifjii D.MiiIiyJ«, CIt'.O*- Im Btftir 
OHW^ ft At- Dtynm Jjk^^ntic iiniu w^lh iW niirlinih, Biid n DHBolaHt 

jvrmic uiJ, Clt\0'; lJcliLu] iatu piciliu aciJ. CFI'tC; faa^-nil iiii 
tklrrimiif- iii'iJ, 0"H"',0^, niiJ ullml into i^ltialio kPiJ. C*IP,Cr. 
lfy<}mlir of |)uLiiali ui^iiajf upvii tb<i qJcuhaU 4r tiTj^lL tDtl■pen■i•r■i^ tim 
xcnrrrU Ibeiii^ wiih frTAlutian of bydr^ie^n) ^nlo IW aao mMi 

BtU'rLili'J u kli Lit^i«iinit or £ Af^ wnii^r — *l n-r\i^ <it aiJicnal tniiyJi 

iriliL'n of ilm mh'odJ tlfmij, wliidi itiay Im reffonlrd •« olben in wlud 
Al fixygpti \m ropldfnl by 1 At, nf 'rKr TftHJrnl oF ibe hy ifa qf*^it 
With nxyai^n-aniHn l.hp^ fi^rm, piUkt a nlmiUr H>nc4 of #tWr«il hv- 
poDDili (L^uiora of tbc tluni oIubb), or, with a duublc profivniwi of mkL* 



Doult/ul Mco/kU^ 



Ilftlrftrlhinmif . 

S^lilltnlii .,. ^,,. 

CblcrwvU^mln „ .. 



cucto 

« n It - 

a 1 3 a ' 

i» fi I - 

t* ^ ] 1 - 

u » I - 

U 7 I I - 



c n CI 0,110 

4 J i 

ma it 

It I > V I 

M • 9 « 2 
11 A lit 



CltClO^llO 

B :i 111 
aA> 1 « 1 

13 ^ 3)1 
13 s I a 1 I 
ii ft 3 a 1 
M t I 3 a I 



Willi njiw^ [o nft^tmin UTid niMitir rhlonl, il !• very ttmblfbl mhntm 
Ihpy l»liiii|z la thl(< tyjic (wiif. A't^AnJ; tbo Tdl of U^* abw^i— J 
rnmpnuniU dmnrvn ii>rpri« |aaniri'liit ojiiiiiiiiEJLtiuii n-llb r*vi«f4 la ibir 
iLlmiiulic ^liamtlVT. — 'I'ho ft'Ur'mni; ncmjhaundi iPny Min4M aIh It 
dbh-iliplbctkiiiDmlui^urr: Tll^ppm^l^'OlUllT^h^>r^C■lC■t>'=^l^H■JI*0^ 
Uilk-njnr, C"H*0--C"H'O'MI'U*; conimflTi >uj^f. C-H-0* = 



Aldehydes in generjO. nr AldideB. 

WbM Li^Imj^. Iiy ^ithtErBivlii^^' 'I Ai. Uylivgru (rum iJrulifdL fnar 



lU 

otliiii ei>hji(uu[ii|< \uivri t>ii.in Hiwi-Vf'fpd, pMipii*iT»ff n oert*iii ■.oiJoirv vhh 
Lii.'liih''ji jiMciliv^Jj^, jkTut t<i ihfw l^p mmo name Ijiu lnwn ■mliriiLlriH.V To 
■ry.d (Lii cpflfiMluHf I projiofo lo JruifU' nil iLi^o o.imj"Hiiu.li l)y il.u 

hI'li'E? of t]iu (Jlli^l-fiiiricv, 

Tbc jiJiIJJtw n-n) ^liviilMJ iito the follovtah' cluwuji, qccarJiajf lo thu 
OMuru Iff Ihij nuDloi in p-hich » AL of m/^ji nic rrplnnnd ;— ff^ thaU 
IptT ■ WeKamfiot 4ifcw>h dun. 



I. ^Uti^ tif t'rimafjf Ifwdti. 





C II. o 


ALiidbrLk^ 


N A, 3 


Acrotrin, 


14 U> 3 


eLiiyrifl AlilliTo, 


14 U. a 


Volrrl^T AJdldn. 


Tft ■. f 


■"hnxilla AHil' 


SO Iri, 3 


UifellicvlJiar |I)h 


U3>.d 


Oil nf iK\lirf Aliii4WiTi, 





A>il4nr 

CuHiluirl. 

■ KnvirlHrL 

Oil «f nuiiirnmb 



^M c 

^B 

^B 3 

^B Vi 3 

^P H Z 

T MfAt of llinM' nlilidn linT^ BtoiiJonry (^i tube qp tmj urldilluqal a(«mi 

bf uxy^f^n frnjii tbt? r^ir, fruin uitiln uf iijW<r. fruin nilriit :irEc|, Stir, und (« 

f ht thorohy eonvDit«<i lulo umnotrtuiio ud-Ii, In ibi* mannar, aMobjdv i* 
«citr«rI«iJ Intd iv:4tic ucJdf vn>[vli^ itiin ai'ivLir ncl'l; liiilyrlo 'JdiJv \aio 
tmtyric acid; biltsr nlnjniid vll lum lh<Eiri»iii juild, niiiiiUivl into fmuiulr 
Bcjj. quiiiilIIid] iulo iDiuuilSylio ru^Ml; kuid r^l ol <^jnriiiinim into eiunumiti 
Hold. TIli4 Toii>]im«y it likuwibc ^vliifiUL^d iu furtuni uididn uf the 
cLIorin^uudc], wbwvlj^ ai:id* iLf« funucd euutiufunji ijbliiriiiii-iiucUt. 

9. Mo*t «f iLioto oompouiiiifl nn> |>roJiiwt] b j IiiVktiiii; in Mid AJiliarUy 
'ita^M or with rkulijilruuf pliciiiWric {uiiJ» H/ tliLf^ pmrou Wtv Tiiunvboilo 
bclili are Ti>d<»i'(id. willi lo» of I Al. wntnr, mid lliy biliMic jioid^ wilh eIc 
Tl^hi of ? At. whWr, Lo tlin hvpoilijiiioally ^inliyilri^ui' ktittri, lu wImVIi, ihw 
Odrrdini: ^>(]lo f«diAl bhtory, liiiryfuEiA, t^E^thnr witb n mouillic okidft, id 



tLey nro uo lanuor ad<t« (up. 1^^ 1 IJ, lJ>l^ mi^tt be* ive^inloiT, Liiu^nrpItLix ti> 

IfAiuvirt, ail Aufi^driflfi- lu 

bD*irBVDr» limy roi'uvur lli« liyilrujpm u.uJ "xyy^-yix wliiob ibry bhvf lo»l< nod 



ottntncL sviiL wnfi^r '<r uiLtli n-in^nna B-lbilit. 



br 



ncr>i]VprtcHl \\\io lUij ncridH frntu ivliiuli tbuy uriitiuiitcd. It 1t rcutftrti;- 
nbtp Ili4it» «rich t.bo o^^^'^pli'iii rif rkinli^in i>Rtd, ii4>iifl <if ([iniio nc^b whaii' 
nuclei *?Mi*iHt onJy of m^'jun uud bykliigOTi, bi^* cajukblp "f iMdnfj rn^ucpd 
Im iJii* >tale. (I'iJ p, 2DL,) 

W* mii*L ■ujtpoiio Ibftl, Id tlitt c<jii™»iiju flf KQ wid intfl nn *nhyilrlilo. 
lh« tiydrognn wilhJrrtiTTi fr^m tUii nnolniu )■ r^pbu^nJ by tiivflpn oriiAJdi; 
Ihr iiuclr-iiii bnl vl^nik wiiirr pit* Tj[tnik tbn nnby^lridi>, ilui uiy^Ei it 
^fain rrnrnvcJ from ibii nnrl^ui. i'> ifivp p]Tu'i> tu ibn Lyilru^ii uf Uid 
ViUtr- Tiri fnpbLiinlioD boeoDLM itpTnci^^r >f irp niippOhri, ujieuriiltifr tn 
J%»^ 2 (ji, 147). tbu-l llk<] puniuE^ nf livdto^c^ii Jo in u'ld vrUu-li Afi bv 
irpbu^iU ty u nmul, viiLh IH in ii ([niii"lt!W-Jii, and III lo a bjl"i*iii add, 
i* ftiitnir<^d'mitrtiibi Lln' nriflmi', ;irid Lbn* I -if 2 Al- II lliu* eil*ruftnv 
■ttuhcd Arc jfit-cii nif in tlii^ fikniEui.jnn nf tlm iknliyilridi^p lugvtkior wilJi 
I br S Ai- O ofcLd Dnvdirpr. 

l*uEiii' i»r ibnv^ LLidiyclriili'ir, Uitkt uf i^ujiLifbtirie UJJ, for DXamplv, 



L 



IH 



TTPES. 



iponDdr^ whiab, liawMur, iim qiiiM ilUllnut fnm lliB— vUcfa u^M 

la c«W*at vilh wmUt. Ui« MfajHtritlu ■»• iMOVnMtd d«» m Ian 
qokkly, into tlio uiiffiPML adiiIup (Im ebkrifv b«inf aeeitwiliCiJ by Iba ail 

FA* Mrvnaur «iil« Kpu^e Lt hoEii iti pccalliu cdrntHAlioiH with ytiit, 

oiido of intil. &i^,. ill tlic fLfrui 'i( unlinEiry Ampb^rio suid. la ttmt tarn 
CEUiv. ibpr lutliy'lrjilki \- einiVi'\tU-\ by ili" ii^IhiEi of ^uli^r. nal nb* iW 
ririjifiiia-l LiriiS. I>iit iiLl<« f-nnlbjir uIhI i*jmrriii vjtb h; ibua, iIl« uhrJiU* 
iiiEovhicli na> rFi>to oflil l> <!ai]vrrlL'd bybfat, uatoirly tfl4<Cartii*d>ylW 

If Lbiuu uiiliydriibn Btv to Im ru)pinlwl H JobytlniDd *cdd^ v^i lutui 
«1«iii» nn Oarbirdt f^WrYO^ 4^c»iiiiliW piriiiiioii lUimpbiir, C!"fl"fP. t* t 
d«liydr«1#d iciiJ; ainc^, wlion hf^Tful trith uatw. it ukea Jip 11*0^, bbJ i* 
(MDvafUd iDCo ditnplHiric Kid. C'il"U*. 

[Fvr Oo^knl^* mMnbu vo thft uihydnJof of«Ff^i« tt^^^U. 



UiJ-itaad 

UeMeubl .. 

l<l^li«lo k'J 



t II O. U - UO - 



W tli S, A 



TufMiilBfclii, 

ItUOflit BBlVMt^ 

ChUropftilulJo &rjd uUrobUtbalio utliyildtis^, Avhiob will Iw 

^ lliH fvllovmiE rililidLW nf»iyi<i?i] tUDfT^l unnat piftitiu^^ t>y 
dralmf l}j* hl-Ib; but uoi^ at lount finiuiiff ihoni, ti«-i wptil, wh^'o ' 
triiii ii'jiiooM* jMnEitth, riikiM up H'U^i au'l » i-buvrrlvd idIa fea 0434 
lif'nriliD ocirl: uJiiJ bvJr)m[«y], wbicL ii juvoLuU* iu u-raimat pol 
tppeciri *-hvii hniVA for 1 lojif limr. wJth i£» pru^nbTy fri»Di ■ 
ttOUBi, It^iIisM^yl rit>tirriUi^' ibtr cJ4li>U-4 i-f itur jinniitfy nuri^-i d 
rc*(]q^ot, llifiL vrhvit d|Pi>t<0 tu iLc kir. il ii ^-nJuLfty (uiirvHfU ruto mtiiit\ 
nnJ. flT'O^nU'. biuiJirjy, kUiiiybiU* iici-l ii curnwti*! by (i 
oiEitii'ip^ Hfcnit, iiiMj wltd^he uiJ, C'H'O'. 

C^-HH^.ir lltmoipii. t^n'Cr.iV 1*-**^^-" — rl-Wiri- 

t'*i|*O',0' tnuivtoo- l-ll'iJ'.or |labMl(TV 



»r 



tWCFjTP tMrPr*l,ijHniU>*f. 
CTMMV.n' «iloniliinvr<U>afi, 















C-ftnii- h'lj. 



4. Aliiultt v/ Aa>nt,ehL 



BiiHiIiriMili(j) 



i. dtdida fff Amirltjfjm-iiudri. 



C H 

> 4 

4 4 

B 7 

a a 
« « 

« H 
1ft A 

la Li 

U 1 

M r 
10 a 

as 11 
to i« 



H O 
J 3 



3 II 

t a 

I * 

1 9 

1 * 
1 l« 



t*'ll'AiLt>J 
CTH'AplSn'.fP 



IliitiffwnU*. 

i^'|i4 r- [L Il- 
ls fijiDitiJinildr. 
tAiVaOiUit. 

FltlliJtlX'pkilp^ 

ALii*t*'lrt, 
Rviuuiiiiiif. 



Thf UA\titiix\g likniriBn ftinuin cKlnrin^i in (lin Emdjtii«: 



a. AiJiiUt fjf ;Wir»-nM<*rf. 



f'H'.XO" 



- C"U'X\0" 

- (""lJ'\cv,riJ 



rUniCr«4'M>E- 
AaUitariiik. 



Mtui «Uii1ni( Am GiTflallrpv; maj mm uily; b f^w, hit kMchyJoi. 
ftmii llii'i li'jKiiln- TLo lonJ^ncy to Mfliimo iIiahiViJ ttMi^ iiLni^i^ku iritli 
Un^ nuikiltpt *f1 c«lian-«tqmi» ftud likc*^** "tih (Tel- pr^j'ttrti-m "f iudmv- 
lir>(nini\ chl'jriiii.% anJclaipin, uuJ hrpunrLritf *«;d. 

H-M liliiidiM nm iivutnl, prnviiliHl no ivnauUnt iit ttt-'ul liiU laknt 
lilnn- IT! llKk]i] 

lliit iiAJty of ihciii, rvriu in l\ta\r uFi^Ufel tbvlf. rMrU^n lllniu^ Mi-I 
cilitliit thuli iKt-! dumctfir by formititf «I*nc oampouoil* w*|li l*—, iln" 
ffvEnliiiLliun Iwiiigirmiiilimm ^Hitiiil^ wrlli |])a nljiiiiiuliuti of I At. Wtar* 
SonK II ih" rvtft iritia pKcTKiUA turiA, lr»];;i>lla<iT wilh itji luiKllliiiiEiDitt foniH 
(ly iiitivlitutioD uf brvnuitD. cliliirLuv, \-t Ityprajiln*. akiiI, t»*-, *ilievlt>U* 
will, iiUro.ialii<y|am n^uiL ipJ dtrvupliylJi^ uld.— Dnmrn?, «hlnriiif% iir 
liypODilfi*: vjii in lUi> niK^fiii, ;\]i[i"iart ia iixilU th% od-L rLiiivtrr; ■! 
Iftut, nil i^rv \^A tn hmuovh* s>' \ty iMmiihriqi: iilicri^Jii* KfuL viOi liLo ftnl 

II a 



Ifl6 



TYPE?; 



1iTp>hLtric arJJ. 

TiIiMi ^ tfjHit nniJ atilidM* hrVRvU', Am Ji«ti]i^iicli»rtt voinlinff li 
Ocilirvi'tli^i <ili*4*TintitHii, fT*jin nthiT n^ilfl, fcy iiol fiHTQini: oth^f^ m <W 
liflrd elm whli woi-d-flph'iT, Bliy>tnil, "rf(iAr*I-oil, nml \iy f»inl>ioli>j; "ili 
^Al-aulp]iitric nfiid tv futm udanabuic »pulkicil a^iJ*: wlitMu.KconAu 
to Cl<irliarJE'fl k^' (|k fV?)« athuF muTJubuir! *fiiU. itt totahitMirnt vUl 
? At, jiiil|>fi[irT" nrirl, pftHlncp hihrwJn \w.vU. It wnuH i-i'fUtip* I* ftdvi*- 
Ablc til -iiiEin):!!!!!] rWn jvlilidivi nltmli Mmvk Lilcn aa'l^U^ bj xhp btiE dai 
n«» In fact, vo ^lo in l]i'> rntn r^f mljfiy|c:ni4 BJ^iH^ f^(xirtliti|f to thU mkv " 
iheulil H^ pEieTiQi'i Lbii^jvi of p1iou4> n/^4. &e. 

On tbi» urlittr liiLii J, ibu uUliIl:u ur iJifi jLJuiila^m-riMHAK fubibit talkm 
n tdtaid diAnirt'Hr. v/tiirh ik iu<|iiiriri]ly niiii:Lrl(iii>lf in tha *mr* of ■■& 
Ant>lkrr pmpnrly l>y whicEi tlM»cn jilitiilrA iri^ LJiiUnfniibf*! in, iJiM MSA- 
tliiioa vUcii LiMicJ vltb ^4tcr, romplimci >vbtii idi&l ujiaa b^ A^ 
dJEvbIiij uvMi, &ir,. tlioy tako up ttn jvJ^liLiuiLuI i^uiiutiiy ui o&v^g ibI 
bydmgi)i]» JUiU anr mulkiHl luLif itimiiEmiu itml Ibu (liuiiiIIy htiJ) tam- 
jioiind, fjiim whiob ibuy w^^nr ori^mjUlv pr^-durivd by u« aMns vf 



< 



Jfonof/oiif^ Iiiliii§ie. and 2tifnaie AeitU, 

AH foovpniin^ii <it n nndrdA with i. 0, nr ti jtroUf^r intnbvir «tf <i»Mif 
Momp, (Mbmlt ilic frropcrtim «f fuEljilovclopai] iti*ld«. But h«bla wm 

pEitlui nuufu^ijii tu tb^ hyJrifijuu 4ic!iUt '. ^-, hjdrvrymiic viA- 

Dbumliiiitlv L'l i^r* i^TL^tiifiln limn in [bi> ahiintil kiii|rilmii ; inaiiy 4lJiiB 
an> |inh]iiriMl ptrritli-iaJlyj ', j7.p ill tW ■Jociun|pkiittiiiU f^f ^'ihvr ur^njp«» 

{••ittiiU byilry divljllii^iii^; in tlic ■flU<rjirit>Fj'i |in>ttiK<i;il ici turb eeiii{tfa»J» 
y Ihu :ijr» unit by iiUii:; Khfiini'--. ue >u]|>bLirir uciil, fu'cJ hyilM4 tf 
>Lii«l], tiqilinii jjutiuli'luy. trutcr, Aeo. 
MiMi i)n:i].njK qrjiU i^n AiaLir*ly prnnpnniMl nf 4Vi>ifiii, bydiwfit i^ 
oiy;prn, »nr[, i]]A<njiirli nt lliry ^^h^Nlty Ari|;uin(« in thtf vc)oM»l» bioE^fl^ 
DFUQ pf"'lopcd Lritltchally ttom vc^cuiblc *iiULinc«k tfa^y mv fr*C|Hal]r 
eollbl I'tyrf^rA/f-unV/i, Aatortfi Cbi^ru ■■« ■ervnl fiOn«aBi(i|[ tW «id 
ehunALprr in tli^ rtuijiF iiiiirkdil iti'^ifl*', >4j lbn[» ill lUnlt oflinity t¥> Tw}iia''H 
biitu*, ibi'y hri> nnL JnftTicrr tn ibn Alrmi/ivt Kiinnritl i»iiit«» um4 ISbV ibt 
latl^r, ntrrr n priLinna"" niilinn viion "itiiKrhLruEf^l; '-y^, UxaIiO Adl 
Tlirit- nd^ rlidmokr !« iiraigef ip r>mj>or[lL>i] ai ft mnllcr s^h^ if 
cubuf] unJ liyTlrutft-ii al'>iiit pdIat Ulv ibo compviilion vf tbn nwJ— 
kUli ^>biHi tbo 1 4'r U I'llirrmd nliiniN uf ciVT^m am cmnliinpA, «d4 >!*• 
in 9 Inrifiir niiiubrr nf byilri>;2i'ii uFnni^ m eIk* niKilriia tin- rvpltfvl If 
Ptyjfna, A* lb? nunibor ^f imrbikn jUi'l hvJi1>cvri UoflU Ln tba iiuJlW 
incr^«H» tlic hoJ-l< Wci^^ wtuLor; lo (bnl AlloD^lb thtf ]<*« Ibecrvtf 
li to]ubjlit>^ in wiiLcr. icKTCol^ rvdJou biutQin au iHBj tfnm hr 
itoJ fiYJiii ibi'ir Ukai'j Ly (bitw^tiim uF mHMinJL' arid. Tb*«>*4lA 
«ti]1ii.rH n viiiiJc|iTTi4)]|n arn"Eii^1 if ixyKfii iiM lir^rirr ihM mivr, tW 
■|HH;tni' jp^vii^ tiicf^iDL: "Ub tbo LMJintior of <<iy^u-AUirua ; *lir«fv 
tji[tf« «bi«bftf« companlj V elji wiali ift ctibvn nuit hyUnigi^ii, %mi up* 
vMfT. A lW«f UieiDjBi tbn Uinpcmlum uf 0' uv vailny, i^tiqiy, ■■ 



I 



J 



c>n':.\MC AciDf. 



m 



ailj Uquicb; *^S'} ruriiile, tuvlic, EmtjHut aui! nfniu acid; but tha |£r«ibtor 
libttib«P in «Dlid, Bikd fithrtriLJIy nryiiallimi, iind ntiaiil of tliMn fuiD hnforo 
4«VOtilpoilnfr. KflU'lj^ 4^11 1l^J£a'lll? nt'i*!^ iLriM^hmHrK^ Thi<^ iLrrj. fur lliu 
latraF ptirL vr^kLjlD wuUuiiL Jccojupoftitiou. 4uJ vuiuCiJiic fvilLi ^i-^'alvt 
ikciJiIy ill prupiirtiDU ah Hmj conuiu « iiuiilJor cmtil^er nf ulnniiULUry 

ijouinvit. 

UlKi-E urgftAii' qc'lJi i;'^ii[]Uii uilnjjdrij fxiEimtiuic* »iatiD|r a> aui'li, 
■uinoUiUd* Jia 3tiiJ<[c»k'MEi. ii<>iiLt:l-iiiicii Eta ]aj-|>niutfiLi iiEJil. Snin« aci<lj<, r:iH'Ti 
a* um' iui>iE rkii*] i^tintin qrir], lit ^liinfi (hr^ itilr^^k^^ri nii^rHt tA tnoh. HO 
prirtlLircil !>/ nalMin' prnp^i's^^ \\\ ih? aiiLtiinf counrimy. aikI ■» TsUod 

fuffliAt by hobX'iii^ uIIkt iiilri>gi]U"[iii miupi^iiiiUji wJib L.vilnkto of |]ot;ulj 
or |>aUj>Ii'hiV- ih-h nnjil rHamrtiir i* nlwityii yt-ry hAAry. Thry ntn 

^»«iJ'"ijj^n-rtci'j, or .-TfWfVi'fl^r'J '^f«/#, ftro pro^luwl cdlicr wbon 1 At. 
bvJta^U ill 1 iiLni-^ijutljiud biti:iiii^ tu'jJ E> rapEai'vd by iLnLiiEu^tiiL, Ib^t 
cliuiifii Loin^ pnilurrj liy [^^ scEiim erf iLEDmimb 4|r|>, I 4"— J 1,^^, Qt wbi^q 
4 At. (ity|;pn iii Jv inoiji^biuoii i>iErn-jLniil, :\trf rpjrljiiwl by 2 Al. hyilr'.fnn 
(p. T.^), Tbcio iiFJiJji, even wlicii fomir'i frL>ln n bibulc wAA, arc them' 
wi*« niQiiubulo, Aiid tublblt but fe«bIo noid uLiinijaUri» Wlian uu 
BiuidnloJ oe'iiIh ruEiuc'l by Lhu m^Uuu of ummuulci. Ij bvrlvl m\\\ n-jiHinitH 

tmlii^li, 4II1IEIEJIIUI \i* uvuItdJi aiid Uiu uf'^itLxl Auic! IJ iiTpniiliirvd iii Um 
jnri nf Q jiJ'1i>^lk-mll. 

SilrfifciifB nn produced by trdalSii^ other uMd At-flli ithr\e Acid, 
1 Al liydni^vQ ivhiy Faplntod liy 1 At. Iiypcajtruui ni'id, and Lbe utSJ 
muvniii^ miin'jlm*!*' "t biTjtwHi ii* bofdR-, 'rtiij-ani guEtf iml ly vnUuw 
■nd billur, Had thkn^ly voUiilitn wiOifUt ducom]h]Ai(liJtir Wbna undtlDidy 
bnl^d, Ibey iIqDa^e? wiili more or \om rioteno^ c"[wi<ilJy afivr ctrni' 
Unailon viiL Uud bbiov. 

Thu I'uiTiiLKui dfiLLnivmr Lif ii1i l]iati\ ntJili, :ii iri'lrrd uf iktl ofFicrc, I'll!' 
»ula ia lb*]!' briwtir of duinldiiiiEg weUl inkHlkEilc^ biutv, tbv C'»inbiti4tiijD 
briajr ntttfudiid iritli nioru nr Lrwq cotn]>Jolo i;i.<iLtniTwilioia of Uic proporlln 
Ol boUi til e com bill iipff ■ubdtam'u. 

Witb rrgirii t» ()Er prainrtiDim jti wbicb limy c^imbEiiir with bmioa^ 
tbuc Ktilij like Lbv inor^'TjnEC idiln, att rlivjd(*d iirtu inonobMC^ bibM<h 
*4iJ (rrb^iii- (II . «]. Acr-^i^lbi^ rn tbii. I At. of a Olttttohvie ftdJ 
VVqaiRn If f<»riii n in-rinrt! •utt, I jS(> vf uniiirJriiiL. hii- nt n iiji-i4iNit uhido 
MUpoivd nf MiJ or M^l); I Al uf a bLlEi^ti: ttrid rtijiiLn'i ^ Al,, umI i At. 
of* UfbMJO«Id rciuirr* ^Al, *>( ru^li n EinK fikrlbi^ jiniiEi' Miir|rii>^ 

■dJ tcrbulu pliuBplmrir »oid^ Lirloj; In I fl^A (f1"rt- F^f.nii, H\. I l-l) fiisL 

life-jr^ rh , fidininic, itnr^unii', Ku'tJiric, l.iirE.fiibt\ riirtn-Itiv ninbiv ■'iJiiFtif^ 
laUfiio, cAJEifnirT ami gnllif cujidfl na Vihsvuir". aiid cyinuric, ayitujUc, nrlrlc, 
Tflrdunii>, hni\ Unv'sv aeUU w* tcririujn- To tlmm caUbgun Enioy uJivr 
■ojiU biivA ■incfi Lcpii luldi'd. 

LttiiwnJ, secwdinir to TA. \ {p- 1*7). *flupiic* tbul every lonDoUilQ 
■rfil mnlDint 4 iklantA^wid rwrf FiiWie ikcM d bTueuh i^f osyji^ii fliLcrual 
lO iJia iMiok^iii; boon ho«ALi.ii4 (n WniUjLi' ;u-Ld ibc f^jiuuk C^'ll'^O'^ Atid 
te wnpburk iu?id, C^H"ty.O\ Accnrd;ii£ tit tbo funm tJdu-, ■ trrhuio 
Acid mail b* jQpfwicd la cuutain & Au oiy^i-n ouljntn tbo niii^i>ut; 
t,^., tnenoJo wJd ULtiil bd npraiktd Vy lli« LnuuU C"U'0\OV— ^A^ r(« 



k 



IBfl 



TYPESl 



vmjaltv. «!ouh^n£ lf» TA.7 frti T*TJj iiiiTi|iftw thai • irufnh#c of I 

4li>iiik, t"^iinl Vi 1L^ iinmlior of »1oni« ^F hut> irbjdi ihft aohl i 

viliijil'^il 4»iJt«lilTi OiE' tiLii-li^un; iiird ■■■«t>hli Ekj;W ffv iDtrfi^J**^ bcatDiamaJ 

iov'ii ly ^HlO'.n^O^ In thfl rrdinrtry ninldlic i»lto of IhM* kMi^ A* 
1, >. ur H Ai liyJroGirio f]kiiii>lf< Thi> nndea* $n r«i1v»4 b/A* #^«i 
i]ij]i]|»i.^r c»f Eilutiii 1-1 iiicttil. 'I'Le iii^ii]i>rt(4 for uij ^t^iiitl ih—i In 
rivw liuvc Hlrfli'j^ lioon iUti^tl {pj^ lEU, ei, imd 31 — Ht). Tbt bUs 
*iuv /"Tii^i 1 EntiKitit^n It T.LtMir^i ungguHnn. Ia nnqtiiAiTr Ibna tniitt 
livlr.i;,T[i ivUh; lhi»t in tn mr, AH OflTOpMimJ* ftf ndiraUm *i|& It >< « 
3 A: H. An^urdin^ lo llii» piriw, ihn- inm si^^Ia Juit mmtlontd iHQbt 

h i- ilifflouli iQ dachlot with ui/ d^ifreu uf cdrttkititT wMbsr lii 

twin lu jiu-tLi EU u tir (onko It bFWir^ nr tbm Xnnrm u« j[rvi4 » iito 
ttakt U lM-1iii*Ji? OaeM uiallt iUMtt,rorcTBmplr;lo l«rvj:«iTltd •>«■••- 
b»iic=C"HOSfHM. *.r«. b5bMif=CH^MC*M»0',0',l lieT^Mfa 
hri.I inL»iin1wii::= (7NH0', r^r Larl>uifl=::C.V]PO*l Tba bllownw otO* 
Tmnrij^J ■i^ii'iiJvLikLiirri" hy wlij^U fluoti i|qwLbti« mutt b* JMidtd. 

I. Khiirf AOrau. — An atom nf an ncUd iiiuai nvl bo iiiiu|iBttJ n 
ft'EiFnm fmiitE'iita uf 4l<iifiit tii llir plAiijrulit CitrJd Hniil driiid u am- 
plot^lyu nuMlMo per if = C"H'0"; in thv ]ij}iotboij<iftlljr hnh/dnu ikl« 
t ]i=C''!rO". Du( &oi:(rFiIirig to iIidbc formulit, It 1* Urt^iiF- Taindbi 
it mmiulwuic, vm uiuil diviiln Itio furuiuUi by 2, jipj vaifp tu Uiw uJ 
JHokf JW' 4p ttiu fnrumljL C^H'in'l, »ii1 tt tllB hjrpiitbi'licqllj aakjilm 

uiiIh thn ri>ria(ilu C*]|NO*t^ TLo nitid l« tlumiloiv l4^FbuU. (f iifa ) 
l^iiiiiliirly inafrjnie eh^iJ, amAiikrdil lu torbwla, U U"lt*0'% hmI ia Ui 
li^vpoibmnally u^^clfouk *UiLt, C"H(>"; fvrntilu wbicl) -la aol mhtll tt 
JiVLiioij. <|Lii.<Hif.} Siii]'p]]irlv, nfjnnjii nnJj CK'140' it bilskHk ar—rii^ 
L4- riL'U;^ jliut nroonhriE li> W- llpiirv. it a ootji to dirid* vm Untk 
L_r :^ would iiilru'liU'^* Iml^Aloini ut H hiid N. 

•Tmm, vt- may [*i|jnp* ln> jii*tift<'l in i^ivrdlui! a* }.Lkii(»t^ ibikH vib 
^hii'li HutiM ruiiii m'<|it}i^iin Ui ifiip JfHf) iT tliOf vtru ftuiBldnf^ tab 
niriEin^iifir, fiTctjiji'i] ti'ttt mch in :LUtiiDpfii.iii ii otil lurh^ifdM W MMi 
iinrn-^naiil mri»i.3or:tT.ir>n", Avfh lit Ihn rh*D^ willi irtMnuli^ M^ &IHy', 

KikJ, Cll-O'. t^tlZiD hnJ, Cr]1-0>, A«.— Ifi^t UDovcQ numbcsn at hjJi—ia 
Km] fii^h^Dn-HiJiiLi*, u tbay mflv uf^i^r. itiar ■Ih' IcaJ ri < itB|itiiMif d 
ihn iiom of tliQ ifiii!, if tiE^^ii an alirrAFimi uf rho fomtali W ■■■MiiBiJ 
W inhrr ri^ONJiin; r,y», nun-ltn ri^jrl, C*I|n^> larllJtKi idiJ, OIIO, «^ba 

CUHI*, Ac. 

il, ^0iiiiii7 i\AnL—Th9 bctllSng fwnt nf m iMUifmp J auj !• 
HppTi>urdalflT MlflolBicii fhtm iu Mmpcdtloti (p|^ U— >08>> 

vii4.'ii iKp> liuiflpv puioL of ui wiid i> knvuii. Iba nurobrrof tl* 
tlrifua rtiay bv GuJ jit that uiDUnt whicli nfrunlf bnl viUi tb» 
poEnl. 

Jf 'rulTn Mid bv nforlcd u mc4iobuk=C'IIO^ ifirl n«pw« 

|K|y«QtAiAil>£ I Al- h|^ro|pB mnn>i)thv hniHrkjj fminl of ft.vm#MM 



^ 



ORGANIC ACIDS. 

of iHntVM the boJlJD^ point U*, But oullo ociH iIecj not boil liU ii it 
heftMlaiLfC; fljud HiQce jati of it U ar thn ntmo limv »oF4i]li>od Ici llie 
d««>spij«d flAtff, itt Irm* boiling point irni^i Wjnill LidiiT. TIliji i-Jivum- 
ittaoa tvad* lo iTin* tbat piaIIv wh\ in not miii>i«li.L<ii^. If an iJtc uihur 
huid wo p?fnr«l JE as liibuicsCH'U'^.fH ilhiI ml^^tilntu it* buEljiir p^m u 

3»i(Wilonjrt(fotfl.t^f fEiid TliJLtC*H=giTa-— li- SO in tlj» nnd-'in, a5*i 
flO ontvido tbn nntlti^i oltlinr 2t>U' or ^f.'^O' ; and tlim iV inli^nlMJoJ 
bMUa>rHp;i3tofoAljaiiiiihL]jjNMkrni»1io4iiOi>'i Sid nr^fll^'. wMoTrttm-updr 
to (fan MHomfd boiliuE yj'ttil llirui lliuf ^tU'ii fiy Itiu fEiririO]' mJciiljitu^n . 
tiiriiiu |iLFMwli> *elJ, wkua tUililKiilv huuiiHi Fo v. lcii3|>f[M«iirn L)fittvi>oit 

point tnurl Im r^m'-itlnmlily hliflicr- Tbo folhnruir nn^ Tho ^hulalmk 
■vnLw, itoiiiirrliiij[ u l3ut ni-iij 1* ngnnl^ m niorioW^io hf Itiliutor 

cm* -• tK-&' C'H- * la* 

10 iHlhTn 4 W AU vIlLlii tAO* 

10 wttbont laO' &0 wJUwdE. U tamt SnO* 

UoUhiii i>DiDl Ibi'V IMUd> inlAi 433- 

B«a«* Uituic und, hJ aJad lunmiv uTi), wbiab tn inomorin wiih It. ami 
Ih^Iiuvm In ti proulnly oiuilar ninaijaT nbon hoaLfldj nuint be ic^rJc^i (t* 

.McLlilic vid ^lotri n Imat stW'n BOO* witbituf vL)]alil!itEi|f »r dn'im^ 

Cine- irninnnTtJuur, >1a fi^naLilrkj* C'11,0^ if h'lUii'ic. U iji C'll^O\t)". 
tbli cDflO dto, odlDuTiitictD bIiohb tbat the loittor fDrniula ic tUo ii^bl 

4T-II - } V C«Ht * A&* 

4O"iA0ul MAQ- M>«nUn fi" 

no *i[buiii.«iiiKHi ato*' 

III liia cHdc uf n^rotoTiAno uoidt whioli bvile at IflS' wUIl alljbt 

^•DOWmittUJl, Ihb fllf(-lL[fttCll Wlill^' pOlut iluUd DUt QXiWud 137'V< if Lbo 

IbnoulA U lakuti ai Cll'tO'; but it iii ut Itioit 120°, If wa eiLart ffcm tbo 
foniiuU C^ll-OVO' mitl rM?kifn only iftlt' ht lb» At. B*lernal H» ibo 

Tbv buiUojr poiuU <jF iLc oE^K*r il'^ulLfol tfiJt being itllJ fevt kaoiru 
Ihu tbpH «f uu *^iJt ju*t 0)niildfr>-J, tbit ojalbud bvnt fxhibiMd eaDoat 
•pplM tn tbom. 

4. AWiiEiVm to Safifiif'lf 1hufM,—u. T^Wmmv-. titiJih Imvo it BlJuut^ir 
(iindm^iy iIikh mnnnlinmn luitili^ t/n furiiL, m^l nnly iiMrnnl mtU' Ju ^bidi 
VK iirv rvplji^i^il b^ iJ Au ro^lnl, but oido O.vi'l HJti in vrbic^h ihnfy IH ii 
rvpland hj I A(. nuoUl Supb alU U« fona«tl Qbloflj «fkb «jnmn&L\ 
iHyEaib* Bodi. Ij&fjU. ■Lrufltia. Itiac^ mu^cwrn. iirjil uxiJu of aUwrn 
jLiflbilf,} 'J'butv :ift', iiu#iivur, uinajr tJliiiKJii iiuiJ* whieh Jo m>l fofm 
ttiiM vii! hIu, 

1^ Elihhjie irlJi hhte olio a EKaCcr Icodcn^; l4 Eom doithln nrtlci^ 
brUMuob A« I At. }l ifidj bo m^Tncc^J by onu ru^iaL htid ibo rvrnikiiHQg 
MpdM bv uEufbtr miitiJ (ur <mi? iLlurii of vjikT by oua mtliJlK' himICh bPu 
Iha ivinhintiLtf hioni of water by ntifiilii^r moiAlhr t^tiibi). Ht'iiiw an vid 
■ill af ■ htlHinir n-^j*) ortcii tAko< up aduILuj' iiiolil, and u tb<<'vby ron' 
vtrlf^l iori IV ficirorDj wtl. Tt ii I'oiianKiriL'J 1u \}V- Y--i-\AiM\v ■.'1oirii*tcr[irtii> 
4^ biba«io ociiU ihut riii'v funii dtjubln mJu wilLi iwu «i^ry HJiiiiUf Uww^ 
e. f; tftrUric tcid vt;b puuib hDd «gd», or potaub Md BmniQtUBp. 




too 



nro- 



L \t Hli^Htl til Ini mnititbrviEit ^•" io'i«d ni|vLl« **t anilisK With Uf 
Htrwibf wftif r, Ibc ntomic vci^l^i i>f ihitt iicid MiiiH b« Joii k J ■ 
itnulmi-^lUci ; for crjraulLud KisUtO cf ilronlift Ji <?il'7?rO*'f iHOv 

af Kcotfc irtiL i< mf«l iLnrJitiHlly f^rbidJnu by ill Ihd otlmr rAumbi itf 
Ihil tciiL In tui!L a orwo w«r>i]'t nippwc^l^ f sloinaof tbv4tjHMMt 

ti- PfnilW due* GffiiiaHl'* liin» ilmC tiul v liiWir ndila tmtmfaAlni 
v-Wwa ainiilnlr<f M>Mh. kiBUl "* in ditrrtiiiiun^ whvtfaorw* wi't hivbiA*- 
■ir ur 1-itqi«lcj Lihaiik. fntfVampU', in iha iiUnfonxCJ^n of oiaLt bh 
0&4TMJI? M-\'\. *t iiiay J Lilt M "dl <ufi|p<>*- ilibt 2 ALc»iAlIflatid{MiiJi4 
tiK iiiiiiiul»i*ia), wlu^u eicUmI iif>i^u Iry tuuutniiv uuiU in ibo fm^aliBB «f 
1 At- m4nii4t V.J-] : iLtul. ti^ttL^L^vitr, il hii* iklsljr Imd idjoirn ttat anw * 
ilctl'lodi^ mrpno^iii^ir ivr-i^E nijkV l^i uuiitortdd inloui ■nTJ*<c4 Mid (thi^ 
nut vucLly by llio ftoli^'iL of ikinirLiiikb)— <.y,, WnMk jkIJ, C'U*,0* talB 

On tUflnbjKi vf |>dlyli«[r h^>1a, f^im^ Ucbig (Jim. i%mu>«. 111;! 

■ml CKfu^ n^/dn. ], e~11); FnicQiiv ^Anm- HanH^ in. ^T)i Oct-j 
biinlt (rr»ii/>f- irirnitietr. tHAl, t^JJ). — T OiirlmrilL. in lliv HHf Im' 
)Uorcl, pitotipl* liw Ji}iaytf*i\i]^ini»t imllnrc rr-^Miuj; iLt bukilf W 
riitfi U aLI Aflda whntoTvr, inornnr ■< wtll u tfr^-iLiif. lie j^lrv h lit 
UdlinilujEi uf ifl ai-iii. " Any BoWKDrfi tfbii^b nuLaliu lijdn^t*^ flwUr 
□f hf'injf riiphi'L'J try iudUiU by iloiibJn di-naaipvutiurj,^— A« y4< Mlif 
IDoDnlXL-ir, bibufcld, &<!.. Di^-i^nliii^ly lu I, IE, fttv, »tnin4 of hjdnpn Ul 

LirpliiiwaliTnbyin"1flTA. AAiurJJiij;(v tfuHilriiSiihEiin irMiT^jO (f^wnahM^ 

1 Cii'l 

p, 17), aiilphqrSoiicid,8g<H'-**ltich«DDC^j7At. ^^fhwcbj^r^pi**' 
»iij rnraiM two p I u^w of <«lti; yit-, taM #olW, nah u {j)fiO*,imJMinl 

ivlti^ fucb M^IjSO^ij bltptuSo; wlii^nw iiUncarid. h'O^, vUe&«o^V 

CiiD* b(il fipc ■iraii *tt buio byJni^Dp luid diwji nnl fom bc44 «llib ti 
_kH»Bb]ii4v, Id liulvmiiiEiug iJid biuocily ni mo bitM bj lUt ctenMfh 
it ia au Li Mnrj' Ki oUtin-v iJi^t HJd nitt mty l« (Winad Ij lis 
ffOiDbiitiaion of A Qflatnl alt 4»f a idodoIuIo «oiil vitb ttn kjOnMaaJ 

llHlf;^.!?.. uSili»tj.t4Df|H'turk, Oli'KO' + CMI'Oi.ialubHiOMlltin 

formnl b\ ilto uiiiua vf ■ ucuu-^J hIi Ati^i « tiiDtvlbc vxi^i <.«l, btfii 

rpT d^tvnaininf- ihv hnjticity of teidt, Gi^rU^l giva IW fclbvlv 
q3iUft«1«nj biti t» |4orf(oU7 iIkIuCo, UuL ■« iiu(ni.*iuiitl/ dpcivlTO IfttW 
^jBi^ontr uf cu«: 

■i^* hut nup hiEiiTii^niAal «k1|.: ooo oautral iJiotuMbl»bulLi- mb«, im^ 
kfAUriCIfO- ll'O t.\c doDfltlnjg tbo nJiol of iLu «ci>lj, A*i Mt 

tfo Id E^urvl muDubuJr 'J'Ji^ furmijji irLif-h npiwEnU iIbii m^tiJi i 
■omvpiril* lo S wTnmrj^ ibivi of vtnivi |f,-mi^- IfO. B 

t. JGi&fUf onJt mnj fHirin mib n Ht<«lMl (wa aIU, one icii ud iW I 
othrtnquird; with uiinuDin, ui odiiiad a ncnmilHh; oaudaB^ 

oriBDnoWAio omidoami'MidH of iho fiirai Acj||' " |, ibe H bri^ 



cmo^Kic AaiBft. 



201 



WirsftmUlhimidftlfdncutriJttinlde=Ac(|j"^^"_{}![^j- WHh Its 
nlniHoIji lUey form an >old «(Uer, Of monoboAio vi^ic acJii = 
Ai'lii }, w>il ft bi-nlc^holio neinml wtw, fUah u 

9. Terbonln iu-\\iw nmy form ^vLth tlio tnnifi wiA. tlirmi miltiL, tiri> nT 
wtilcb arc i>[i<3, ii"il tiw iWirA EumEntl ; v-itli nituiKirtin «nH (ho nr^iUiii] 
silkiJuiitB, thnofltlUtikd lhii?Tainiirni trithihc aWhnV, Thrcprtli^rM, one 

|II,L'=irU-H*0, 
of irhir^i iHtiir-nbiEiliuUc and uuutju}, Itutlu^ lUe funu Ai- fr,r'H*0- iroL 

■liilc ttie otijcr two arp nchJ, lEio Hcond coutALDlp>[ 1 At. nud iLo llilfd 
t Al ft UuW hyitv^ou. 

Willijuri-ipu, HM liXrvH'ly jiiiihnd (|>, IT)i nr^filii [J| a^'Ik* mlIIs A*'-. 
■> foi-hirrl oiilhr Iy|i4i of HuUir, K^O.^mnurinhiWiiii jirll. mi<<Ii bjc njtmiinul 
brinf fanTi«<t bv lliv Mi1>«Utii[ioii of a isoriua iwUcitl, ncpli m MOS for 

1 AL II in 1 At, of wnior, giving ilic Foriuulii "^ ., jO;Dtiilit laktiuJc^OHl* 

by thv «u]i»tituliun of I At- uf n rw[i<!i4l fvr 3 Al, hyLtairDii iu !/ At. ot 



feulpUnU uf potuhit^^jO^aD^I IboneulniUiiliilmlc, {^,^0*. 



AnhJ^ 



drouB kcld' ftrv fomnsil bj Llii^ ivplivrttiirrDl of «II thn li^JmE?u in 1 or 
S ulioui) of natcr l<y iitt tojno ludlcald; iIidah nnli.t.'drouA niirio Eicid>= 



2^Iio=N'0', niiLydfOUfi bnlplmric acid^^^^ljO'-b'O'. lutbofTjibfr 

ATAliydrouiodda flMtii the Im|riil»l ap^Jfljiifli m etlirra sre (o ildoboU 

Ger1iiLt*Il liHA «dfjnl''J iiMii mode of reprp»nl!n;:; (!■« or^^itnii- ovidfl 
vHoMJ tmhTdriitm liif lib laluly dif^'uviircd. Tl>iin, tj^Jiil^il ^oiibiui uiitJ. 
=;CH'0', i» rojiWifiiliiJ »» wnirr hi ivlili^b I At. H is rt|pltwiocl by 



H&( 



twiiuyl, C^H"0=n!i, givii)^ lljD funriuUb .j fO, imJ lln' miliydruvsiu^Ul iti 

uliydridc Iny |j}0=C^'H'-0'. Tte prw**. by wliioli Cv^rlmfJt Iiai 

fDTintd ihri «nltvdri<If. rii:,^ by Ibd nrtiQii nf cblnrLdc tif brmmyl on 
beuauale of DOtlo, i» *imil»r t* iW by wliirb WJIlrj|i>floo -ihuio^d 
oammDtt tthot by ibo h^uu of i«fIJdo of oibyT o?i ciliylair- vf ^!vUMi*iiiiii, 
br jml M 

^^O nd Ell jidd Kl uiri ||}o, 
fv likfvliio 

jj^}0 eiHl BtCl jlelil NiCL4iHl^|a. 

G^biffdl hu IllcAVrJd lUrcacdcJ iu iinfiiuniig Hnici of Elia ciiiaiKiLHikl 
nr^l.^Jroiu DrjrjLiiiri n^-uU^ qitjil«)^cMih In \V'iltijiniKan'i nrpiiniDiiiiil Ollici't: 
Uiuv ilin <'riEii^]Npnd f^n^il.n, nnd Ary tirii(r>nEi? nf ^t-An. vh\d k tuliUuCff 










Ml 



TtfflU 



^tafV htm nbifllnr<t. Ik^nfob vXaOn dktOM »l 'SO^ ;»I>U hx ^mM^ 

(^IM. /"I^Itm, lia, 111) ^ 

TIw fvn'iwiEig tmbukr viQv of 4ho hem kQunu rum>ttu«i\ LAflac^sflJ 






C SO 



ID 10 4 
IV U 4 
II U 4 
l« l«4 

1« 14 4 

IIR4 
14 U « 



iXnimehjlir Hid 
r.iH>nll0 vl4 
jAvUfOl'Uir- 



VmHL 



€ no 

te )H I Miti4tc twJ ^ 

«)} }« 4 DMflr v44 <r 



ir 



9t M 

3& AC 

Mt at 
it it 






Cvrtf 



(?>t 






A* lltfi tntiliEiK pt^inl iif lliAH pfiUt ri^ra wUb tliA iiicn«*r nf A* ■■» 
Lpt oT iilDini in tfiii imrlm*, tn likD«>LM< iIcm Iha mrliipf pcul j 00ttH 
txenytionrt ntr pn«f<iii«<4 l^r ivninkfi. Mcoricv Wfolif^ aiHl «tfi9 Mdlt 
Am^. Uomu (tVm;^^ r^iJ. fi, »35; ^a Jiu* i'AwM. 4ftk 33t; •>■ 

Ifjo laFyU'adt* 'if iIij'j^ ni-nU in mktvr lik<wi-v iui-T^ivM wUh lli» ■*)- 



t. TAf nuffrtU wmU^n^ an amn *if /JVirtoii ^mK 



i: It o 

12 4 

D ( I 

ll> * 4 

i3 4 I 

U 10 4 

J4 <■ 4 

)l H 4 

ma! 



Airf:U> tea. 
MiUflillleHUO). 

FWicuiHic«U> 



c im 

^n ID « 

,^D VI 4 

Mi a* i 
^C M i 
tit :^a 4 
vx u a 
II I? A 



C4Ul»U«>rti, 
AlWftOBlkiMl 

r)U40»4itwjbfl 



ite iWmqU t--ll*fV. 

t AoimdiiiK Ed Gnbir'lL'i aupixiilEloil, Ahlrh imwva VI Dirt 
IWDIh— 1 Tl- JormuU i-'"II''U< pm^^^r ^>^"¥* ■" MnUO "eadii 



OHOANIC AC1D3. flOS 

Tbe tvo lut-mrationed acidd fona «t preeant ao enKptiou to tlia tnlp 
that moDabuio iwida ooDtain 40 eitenul to £bo Duddus: aimUarlT with 
<BCLanthiDacid = C»H'H)\ 

NuclcDi. NaclenL 



(C U O) o 




(C H 


O) O 




e 4 2 4 


FjronGemLc uld. 


16 e 


2 4 


Abklcbid, 


6 e i * 


LudcAckd. 


IS a 


3 4 


CiuitBric ndd. 


» 6 ! 4 


GLadcatid ('). 


le 10 


4 4 


Vervtric vid. 


10 4 2 4 


F jTQmWjoic imd F jnjmoclc 


20 10 


G 4 


Opiuilo udd- 




addi. 


40 3^ 


3 4 


LiEhufdlic tdd. 


12 H 2 4 


Ouvdc *aid- 


40 1!^ 


» 4 


Haoin kid (?). 


14 fi 2 4 


SiilicrUGUid Amjvlic idds. 
Terebic uid. 


40 14 


B 4 


Utmif Kid (P). 


M ID 4 4 


28 10 


2 A 


■Jfi^ f riVfrwAU'. 



Id thia list hIed, ^ufe flftf&nffuf with ita 50 fftrma an axoeptjon to the 
gQDend law. 

c. Mojtobatie AckU teiih Chhriiu- or Sromne-nvdmi. 

<C H CI] O (C H CIBrO) O 

4 3 t 4lp.,^__^,._^ 14 i 1 2 i ChkmmlicTbc •dd, 

^,3 ^(ChlOrtrttlCtodi- ^^ ^ 2 ^ ^ mrhbiowlLcTliciad- 

S4 4 4r'^™""'^''"^- 14 4 22 4 BiteooiowUcjJk .dd. 

10 7 ^ 4 ChlorDTalKic tdd. Ifi 7 12 4 BroiDuinc udd. 

10 5 ] 2 4 CtJorauphUuLiE 1^, 

d. Montana Acidt uith Aw^ Arnidogen-, or IfUr^-nualnt. 

Nudni' 
<C U CI K O) O 

1 14 4 Aiputicu^l?]. 

4 ADlhruDk uid. 

G IiitiiLic idd. 

4 - C^BAdO>,(H, Oiuocuid. 

4 - COHAiCl'Cfl,^, ChloiuiUm. 

4 >" C"H*Ad,Oi, B«Damkadd. 
1€ = C^l^'^O*, BEjpbdi! add u> Oi jptenc Kid. 

4 = Ci*H»K»0*, WH™b«i»ic add. 

4 = CH'XO'.O'. NilKWlitrlic ■cid=liidigoti6 nod. 

4 - C-HTtCO*, NimniKc udd. 

4 ^ CH^tO*, ^icrocinnunic uid. 

e. Monobatic Acid dJ an JrAfnic-puc^^eut, 
CH^AiO* « C^H'AiOS CuodjUa uid. 



B. B1DA91C Acids. 

a. Wiih ftr^iffn-narii™*. 

(C H O) O (G H O) O 

4 2 2 6 OuliflAdd^ » « 2 aoDdqldJidd- 

« 2 2 6 Hvulic-dd. S 6 4 M«Uc Hd, 

8 3 2 Mdlitic ud. 8 6 6 THtuic ud RuHiiua 

B 4 S FunirieKid- uidi. 



14 7 




16 7 




4 3 


li 2 


12 3 2 


1 2 


14 1 




12 3 




14 5 


1 4 


14 A 


1 6 


16 7 


1 G 


IB 7 


1 4 



If i ) « 



1« a 1 « PjiiMufcrtm 

U « « • I^hM. 

U « < « OwwmAL 

IS M t « jUv^t hL 

IS |« 1« « Uttkmir. Um^ 

1< 4 ft « 

It C « • 








ij •! Uvi^ i> 






«f OtHfob und bjdrojEOii; but llal UJD mtlci af bH thm 



C. TiM-uir Acma. 



(Hfll*0-,Oi, 
CIWI'O', 



Mff>Mk4lU. 

Tvnleactil. 
Cpmrnteatti. 




CvmaTlc mvlA cohUIm tw lidlc oxrpn lo *;:r« vEtb TIL I fas 




pwlliaiip yloldbff fid ii>« Ofio huid, frtfliouif *c^ or wmiw «f lad 






in a^Mttion. HiilTifrili'''<tiiipoHLlii>n< wUinli in biit pnTtiiiil in imtptl rvi**, naS 
ks uTifnJorl #tth li»> f^rm^iioti nf tioQi»l |>roilu0t«, or «( moit of innn4i- 

On Llitr t»lW hnrnf, rnttiiy L^niifukUEnJ.'' nf riPUiiubmiiQ ui^iili' iriLli ^nn 
nitfxti i>f II Hirvl itllfnli. \irv nwilvnil by liry itt-t.illntiiiii tntn nn alkiliijp 
Mrhonnt« and a unuirpil mnif'Unu'l ff^noraJly ^olonfflnif to llio fllo^ n* 
kDUinn {\i. SM}, Mt'Ei>L>vi>i, wbtia tLo jidiU I» [niiiEiuUil^ rnUci and 
buftl^Ll ivitU n Ur^ iiii;>ub uf it iltjf Jijtiiit alkr^li, wljicJt iiiiluiiuii Ibo r^riUL' 
lion fit i\D grrofuxt ("uniLki qiukiitify uf anrtiunif? ar\A. uU llig fuaraLuTUi 
of niTV ^n DLLtAidfl tbi< nucloiEt iitv i-mph>yi-[| m \ha fnimu'tinii qf lluit oniti- 

?:>und, And tLo narlvmof Ihs u?'*! miii,t!4 2 hi. i^rboD iiwwi ovir (p- liJA^. 
liu iliiCilliMl |ir^")ii4^l in oilli^r fn^i-frorii otv^i^n, fr < ii 1.So irt4jitoT^»iQ onM 
(vnljuti* 4 At. (If^-ut it AiuLiuiji 3 At. O. I'xf,-. wki'u |1i4i iiirpDubuviu lU'iit 
rnntiiiiiK At. (»^'. 9 At, wittin ihc ilqWi^lih hqiI 4 At. mLJiuuC)- 
{Uboar^jV. ^nn, f^>'A. P^^>. iNtfn,^ 

A f*v At^TW OfXf^f «HD ho 4u1>lJmoil nitbiiiit <lceum|;u)4itfOD ' f.fj., pyro- 
lAftonr (HiJil; Lut uiusl uf I1ii;eii, wbori iLi»lilb'il ^r tt. miiloiwt pArtlnT or 
toliJ docunipfKiliDii. A few oien-'ly ,gtro ulf vniter, hekI fmMina in tlio 
form «f 9-DbyL]riiIi?a: r ^., ^Amphotia, pbtbafin, nnA juirtninifi HTidB. 

riihr-ngjvn >itf miE^r 'Uid Jiri^ i*i>nviirrr'>] Lnio nov ooidn: Malir uid, 
C'H'O^', which id lijWiii<^ g'ivpo "i\ 2\\0, luid is oonvurtad, jMirlly Itica 
I Al uf biLu^tL^ ramiu-ir.' aoid, i.^K'0% [urrly \iiU, 2 At,, uf moDuboiiio 
malflHT aoiJ. C-'H'O^ 

UtliHrfli^ba Ttflld 3 At. mthonic auiU uilI i mi^nnbuiifi aaiA. Onlia 
BTid, C'fl'O', jHirtij- viikliliBw nwI(Wuni|wfod, and ii nnrrly rwdviwl into 
2CO' and CH^D' = {•^hii'i ftold. ComoDio aoid, (.'^'JfHJ^ ^ivn otf 2C0" 
uikd vuddi a iiibEiiDHtDUf |>yrtijiiuci>iLrc ^*ii'i. CHH}'; ybulurly ^^'ipavld, 
C^'Ef'O'", yi*lda pyro^iiric ncid, C^H'O*. 

MuoLCand. C^'^O^". ifivins uJT L^ro^ add Ulln, nnrlyiplde nmiMimn^fl 
of pvrnmiiD.io noid, C^H'iV, TijrlnriLi iiHA[ pivvniin ^nl, l_-'H'0"^ wVipii 
■vbrnkfloil Iv ilry di«tdlutb>n, in\i ouititdoLvly dLi^unqMUud, ^oldJDJt AIQOng 
cUitr produuK pvrm.ceuiic ucid, C'H*0'f"=C'Il'[r'— ttCO'-aHO) ind 
pyiffUrWtk!iiiid/C"'l[^'[-:iC'iI"0'^^fiC0'-4K0}H 

Phlbalic 4cid, Cil'O", diittillcJ wdb cxi.v4? i>f Ijinc, Is fPacJvpd into 
4C0'*nd|,ti;p,|, C-'H\ 

Tfrtmut on'/t wbcn lubj^i^kd io dry ■Iiitilluliim atbitit tiniSfiLr nW 
tivn^^Tor 19114: ririiinnc ntid, OH^N'O", wljrii llnm rn'rkUid, dinfil" vvor 
in Ibn fcirw a(A At- of iiLfinoWin rynijic nflid. C*NllO\ — Tirinni:! oitriP 
Bcnd, CHM^*, wlipii ir^ntly hpjitpd, ^jrr* rlY 7H0, o'ld Trii»p« » rrMiituii 
Wtnjii»Hn)f of nftyniMp (eld. C"li*'j^*, whkb i< aIm T*rimtii?: ihif, boirprer, 
MC A lii£}kor icitipcmTUTf fWei ofl' 2C0% 9.nil y'lclA'* n di*l.il]jito uf bibulo 
it»foiiiu Beiil. C^II'O'. — TcTbiirtio[iiwoniv»ri[I, C'^Jl-O^ wbfn il* n^iitfuii 
■D]ult4»Ti l" lH»liid for n l»iit^ fiirKk, tfiv™ "U ^Cfl*. nnd Iir t^mvyrlml "ml-> 
liilubBJiT rtrpiiEiTDiit Hciil^ C'HTk'^j but uhiMi nnlfinjiLod to drv driiriUjiri'm. it 
fivr* dIT 4C0^ Uid * lUblJmnlc of moDobulc fryronlHoDro nciJ, C'^M'O*, 
into vLii-lL comp^aiid eoiiioDic ncM ioplio ^uavcuod liy Bub11ujaijoi»« nith 
loM uf ?CD\ 

In all lho>* ^veonipoiitioiii of moijola^l^r bilNLtl?! and t^rlmio wii'U, 
ill^lAWblddoffD bj ftiTJiinll (j\". Jftn. T^iffi. /%», 7. S23) lioUi flOod: 
vbr.* UiD (Hrwi't rif ciny ;iE^iJ tu ririiil^iim Willi lju>''t dituriuiibut Ly 1 At. 
ftrs vntiv doiiLiI" iit<im I'f rnrlmtiir arid whirb il aivMi-jfl'; Ibikt in t" ^y- 
H BMnniuifi kcid ji rfiJjvpTk'd InTo El Dculr[i| cooijxtuud ty fiivJn? tiJT 
SCO*; A bibuio acid tieumu-'k muaubE^ie by lorn of SCO", Dud D«xitm Vf 



T1K& 






tpU 
lib* Mid ttot^ ttMUCCr. 4bA^«Ma40D'. udattfWv 

,«C0>. IfTbn»IEtll^^^rifdl,wfcicfcc»1fcMltAl>0l 

iW HI *■ b*MM> «f wwr, 

bM«fl«rMa>iAi. J10T«a«MiW^iMUM. bai ■■««■ 

p«Mi Jb nri* (jr, JH. OUm, n^ ^ 1») ^ tLmm mt IW ^- 
Ijaljfa-ii mA —y WC.y.J^,J jpmMaJ^ '-<iy^)> U fl«4£5 

VkohMiMvUhUapMMb. Tb^ lAktf hib* iMUfia B^mlb 
) Ai- Ai^ ud I Al ittCM ■»!: ' 

Hd 1 At. IcHittuc ciifio »ai jkUa 1 Al aolb bW S AV M<l« mU 
C^ W . tlftO.C<|l>0* • KOVO^ 

TWr tMolU liLwiH uesvd vilh Q«fcv*'« U« »t mHi ■ ib w»^ 
Vlttf p*«fT tJ CAFHiiIitoJ Midi (fl r),BiiEb M dw^|« loM by 1 AL tai 
|Ji* •■» <rf IW ■iiAJLipj Kiwrrn (/ ikf JBAnJaiJ vmbU* ceipaa^ Ad 
eofiiUlid ikcU. Tbu ] At bibuk *3iM^ kU vilh 1 At. mrTr*-— 
•c«tk icU fermi Ubwk bmar^ »ciJ ;24-l— Isl)^ m4 I Ai «Bi« 
U»I vllb lAl. acMio Kid rorm t«ibaaic c£;t~dX>4 ft-f} — 1=3>. 

L*^;, in Utt-tt of eIik iiv* nwr b* it^J^tJ AoU<iiiot 4 nlMmlB< 
ibU die ilrj >l>*I.J]Kti.>n af <r||jio u4 I4r1*he Hid, fkU« MT|t(i*t. • tJ^ 
■tipei vhMi la nzvelf cvvT obtftincJ enetfdic bj Ik* 4r;f diitillliM ^ 
■Mlatat; b«»» fltric m34 pnbftbly nqtaiv uMk >cU tm4j Ut^gi 

On O141 citUrr lividt U iuihI b* iwiuiiiliotrd tliaA tn^ftr UkawiM 1*i^ 
ftocloiiD; Vi'\ Ihii inanjr nMik|Mmiid^ irh?n vilijiy^f^ M i|ij iJirtftlin 
jitU vello ulJ H k pivli'i'- '^4«cniipa«hiD>, vblcb lli«D, bj ikv ftfiM 
Lilian «f h«*lp Mp«cMlj Ln iHrcMtiuc «d eliMWit vat b* coaivMJ 
»cvt(di»;^uicirwuvi<r. iLitt uikut ulLur f<Mii|UDiiJj', bwh Briil aad 
Voodjr Alirr for ruuniilu— jrulJ cinjjn juiJ vwtw ani ■fcas 
■ lifdnMof rmlv^i, wlinini wi> migbi ■!» Jatothc pfrflibtep» 
^anil BOMle uLiI b ihcm, — Hmfc ii 4pp**fi l^t 1^ !■■» aiUMid 
bvnuf of fiiiuu' Ihnjr/ •la not fmll/ pruvo kujEbiiLff ; aail rtBw Aot 
fM nn ln« ^iuUiU miLlbutt b^ ■'UrfU TitrUtir bilI riUir usd CUI W ft^ 
MiUd iatA bulio and tiotlicwJ, i]>ii o3drr lb«nrf»||al Ivtaiw ^>d civ 
an^il imihTI'li nrpnifTnnnirTmn-fi mnri Im nllnTrrni tn m^n >!■ |4ui>. Ii 
ia Ikr |iiv>U«|>«iii{ Blfinitjr of tb« pot4>b irlitdi aiiD|i«l> tW vtMvWiW 
Urtene mnJ dine uU I0 psiIa in mh pnipurfkiti*. thvtbj fnJMH 
■IfoafM l^ds wLicb an spablii uf HluntiDf ■ eitaUr lUttba* «# Uipr 
ufpoiAil. 

CliTlo^ltV i>ii|iMiIt1aii ]Jk», Uiut natty umikuLuo kddi v««apflii«^ 



I 



oramc ACIDS. 



307 



fuU uv ihUwwiI ill iu fuviiur, 

CODil^lulcil ai Tullvvsj iworJLi^/; to tlw hvir Miaratiufi pitwui uf (he 
fefljiU, muL LUu lu^iJ-lBtlu^LLill^ puwcr ^r thu bMCi/ 

1, 1'liD mltf ^Iij4j1j CLUiinouIji ftirmt w^ilb ^ibcpDc^uIq a«iJ uueiUliu, in 
lie ptTrfticlljr itry lUUi, L At' Amipuiuti + 1 Al- AciJj v it trtiht" whiMi 
'IfiEjc! jrfr M~ 1 At AMiJiL'fULiiiii + 1 AL Ai'i'l (dnud ;»^i'J — 1 A<- 
lljrJr^vifqn = 1 At. Oj(i'Ta»f AinmgDJrim -f Kyjiotlivrically mhj^iui ocidn 
A<i-1 aiani^lonl tciJla «f flu^noliaAO uAdi ufl rtJtr, *M buTU mil liagn 

With « tijljiuiic iiful viiTTiiunn t'irmt & nannal hue! ao icli! mil- Tba 
ftmiicf in Ihp dry rtJtti- = 3 At- AmmDiua + 1 At Acid ^drind ^rr if) = 
it Ai. Atmndmum + S At. Aciil (ilricii prr »0 — * At, Tl jlrogon =. 2 At. 
OkIiIo "X Arriiit4>i>|piTa + 1 K\. LyiiotljulHiLlly «iiby-1ri>iii noitL, Thuf iwtt- 
ml <*nria* i,f LLiiLiiioiLJjL = ISW f OH'O'* = C*|!'(N'H*)'0" = fiSH'O 
-f OH*0",— Thft *-ia iilt = 1 At- Amm-mm + I Al. AciJ (dricil /ftfr i#) 
^ 1 At imniH-iniirtn i- 1 A*, boU (dripJ j'ti- ie) — I Af. Iijilm^n = I At. 
OHLila <jf nniin^^oJunL + I At, mM, Ifwa wMoIj unlj' 1 At, wJiTi-r Im^ Ikiptj 
raiwlb-1 Tlii,^fH-iHl[Bftr»f,.'oftin.in«aia = NH' + C*H'0" = OH*(Nll*) 

>« Tlia flampouudj of \n\aM uictnlliif oiidoq, MO, nltb orgaulo uUf, 
Duj» ia tlii> dr^ 't«ti*» Lw wtttriluL acounUng t^i thtr enlialilutiuii-lbi-aFy, 
■•ibasiiid 'liitidpimi^ in irbidi I, S, or Q At. b/iiraffcti Jkru repEiMi^'l by 
J, 3, Of ^ Ai. mtiul, BMordinfi u tJio ud^l U riMiiob»iQ, lhl*i>«i ut Ltt- 

coiitkb«t «4t|j Liii flA-jJ, I, 9. or 3 AE. wtXvr arc ),-iTM off, Icfne furuiM 
frvDL tbc uiVf^ti uf tlitf mtfldlic oxidv hiilJ tliu liydiugcn uf uiir tcid. 
Wb«i hoHtvnr, nortoJo jmuIh JjbiwIvq in ai|ikn<>m iiciJi with i/TnliLiion 
Af bjJrcvati, wr> mAy PUirpoK tluu Ibja byiln>v<'ii 'Iiim ulA jtuih^oiI frniH 

fovnerly ijrot*(Micil \>y iriy>olf. that, lu Lbo furmiitiifb uf talu, ibf Ljniru^fVb 
«f Itil icid It rv[>ijicdi1 l»y u m«Ljil (p, tfUJ. in Ukdwii) iitvrcErtil hy 
LipTvitf {'4hn. I'iuifM. -iW, 1 I:l), Am uinnj- Kliima of hpirfwuii mpljii*' 
«ld« by • riPliLl u an t^A «iiiUioa, ou muky kl'^tint iif bujur <3ih>« it 
Kqiilf* (■noHinf; t« Tkcbtg) Lu futm a uottq^I lalt, nritl uwordknE^r >t if 
MiiJ lA be munttbEkaii'. lii^iuic, &i, Af^f^orilifi^- tc) tlii* vjdw, i^ei octd coH' 
■Em* <d byJm^b rB|>litf:v»Mn |»t ■ iDnEa-l. tirj(rtJi(4 wilAi ib i«i]ii-4l, lLiii«, 
■0O4rdiJif tn iJKbij:, llir fitmiiiJa nf monohuir^ i/jr^tmni'iinJii vU ti 

■tf Id, C-HO'\H>. 

Aecwdiog to Umi rwJJm] tbr^rty. oil ll^ ^hat btiid, im afiJ |icrf4C^ly 
clfii-ni jHf u, ■■i>ii[]iin" rm iniLiiy affinti oT 'ji/,iid iD4f ii* \.\\pt*^ hw HiLPUi^ 
ur Javik tJinnarniBJ alt; and in llip rnrouttno of llin nil, irbioli \* 
■*bftnunl«l«# • 0Qvpa«nd oC Ibtbua witba bypotlMtiHUv 
tcU, u« hbIjDv {■ driTDu fiat by tbo Wo, AoooMLvg Ut llili 
Timr. Ilui vfefT i* un vdm^ l>]il mu^ordjjif tq ibii funniir vi*tf it a« b, 

Crjvt«Jli»d lionuEc uridn f^'F ftULEnpl^^ li. nooordlitt lo Ilka tabttlt*- 
Iwo'lhogfy. C"H',t>* (ur C"H'l),Hlf)i itfi'urdiiiff tu tba RuUcftMbaory. 

'TMfiDL iliur.Hfiirani>^ >MWi' ileoofnlbe lAaDa-t bl-. df Icrtnuii^ nsran oflllP 
•ltd I drfaAnli nlU Ji ntimtUft but thJji oaf n bif ht Indunr mUo^iLw^tlnLk, uK' 
ntbrr tP ffltfrf la (ho himrii uiinw itt n bnilf. 



TTPt«> 



KO.C-^II^O'^ ](i ■ITvnr'MJt ^ ivA>Tii;nj; to the 0MMCT 
C"Ji'AftO* (or C^*H^,Airn^J; far. 

A«(iT(1Ipf Ut dp tai^\cai]-tlwi}ry. Din flilrr-r-jqtlc !« AgO.C^H^O* ; Civ, 

Ilnnrnabj ai fiLmr prynljilijjoH in iIjj* aiihjnlmUii 4(jlL*, vrvk ffvii 
■ii|iirKiii« aohiliuu; utuny utiicr bit* nUin & nrlaio numlHr ti «l4w«f 

intoTp ffhUiii iii«y ii4f not eivt up LU hAtii^l lo £oo' «« kio*o; «vh 

-bCh«n ngi'm tlija JulLyJr-itvm i' impu*>ib1r, Iwiaiiaa tli* tcnpNlBBI 
^biuh it rnijuii^iH !k njinv^ ilinE. ikt trhicrli t1>f< wJlt iliWomtHitf. TW 
lMiriibUi.ln nr ItiiryfJi. i\ni^i\ nT, ilUt', toUitnn I At wilf^r. bm, Hfvfdaf 

C^K^DnO'-t- 110, fn ^i^L. Jt i* uuf^Dfiuiu vhiMli» I At- u r«pLM*J Ij 

] J^U ia LliO imid ilxulf, mini llir I!0 im atrikditiJ lurnlv ** vralvr 1/ rn*- 
Id.lljiulL4>ii. nr, nH In nmm |imt/n.Tilj', tint nrv^La-Hiwi) »cu) in kHWilj 
vuniUiPiifl wirJi thf!! )iarvi«, nnr] qnbflltiltiian Ani^ii lint liilip pl*«v 14 ^ 

tli« fuvl, that thu rulu may bir uLLtiiutd ju tliD buliydrouB tU4o nl * bn 
t«Eii|:>DilUiLruH 111 |iriipurl]uiL lui ib'i iiniLvtli*^ uxIlIlj iitucv mulily ptH ^ 
U> u&ytfuib, jind dlitw* it to |fn off tritli t]ii< bydrogin of iJia kuI ■ iW 
fonii cj wnlor; lii-utw in i^rjwal^ filrrt-nltt Mfl movl f««fljr IptirtpM 
into i|]0 1]llJyJ^>u' ali\c, nnJ next [u iticm iha lvfL.d-««llA Tlil* fjiicu- 
■I&nAD Id ilIk, iu raiLijirku'l byLiuMg:. fkfuunthte 10 thfljflb«t»toti» Ihwfj 
hiiil uTifjivuLiniliEi' tu ihv ruiliciU'liKtitryi fc>f tiuet. ikcairdjiin to tlw liMtt 
(hii mrLhillic ntidii mplnim tliD wtkE«r ronlqiioJ with Iba hjMtiiftiaif 
nnhvLlniii* a^i^, ii mWi thnt t1i« AxH alka|i% vhich bhr«ih« tooa^ 
btHnjTy Tiar iM^it, tljouM ct|>i-l Oio watPF naoh nMV nft4Hy tbu Odi 
of ellnJF tr oiUio i»r lu^l. 

AceoMin^ W tlict ndiml-thimrir kfi*o> bpnio«|A of b«rTti, diM 
100\ ina^ 1w HAT<!*(t Jn ivrci wftv^*iL. «th«r« BiC>,C'*HM' + A^, 

w]Unr> or*< 11 comiiomt'l «f linryiA wirli tli« ta AlleJ hyilrvtr g# tmmti 
•OIH ft. p., (Jli>iV^1 dtin] fjirr t^.^ 

Tliftt fliii'lL boji Im'oii hieI '>f Liincmtd dT bvyLi i* 1r« *■ a iJI 
faiffliffr dogree, of nil lli« hiimndiiiK Mlta wbicli ouipal in- IvoOi^ «■* 
tlin <|rv lUEn hi nny (cinpuratnrc^ '. ]7,, mrttiy mJtf of Lho «&rthj dbii 
■nd uf ma^iic^iiL 



:^ 



h viafmliuK tKid tatij tiiTio mili iuL*et Uwiajt l!m foraml* MO* 
oolj BQnniJ but iitwiio nc(f^ *iul tufie w'^, llin A<^d b^IIs h«i«wfi|^ 
Brampc^, Thnitf ALmu^rlFuoJd=?C"H-'(J', fonn wilh 1 Al. pMkA 
(1110 twiu^ fOjubFUU'iE}, h lult wbiHi, i[iV'<riliri;t; X" Ibe •nbMia^iM' 
iLtfory. it C''H^KO'+C^H''0\ utiJ. 4e\<oMiiti7 Lu iLe nBoJjjJmmj. 
, XO^pil-TH + 1 IO,C*H»0'. 

Rusia aalu nn* miitv winainnn; Uir-y itanlniq t, U. 4, 0, nr ■—» M- 
vt ■ bHC (IP1I0J vilh T At. iiciri. Etiit kn llti' nwlJAti^ W1I7 1 AL. unltf 
Ittcpknlflr] Cruia I At. iriJ. itml (Iihc mIk Duty b« T4fiuilc4 u r^ 
pdunLU of 1,11 Knliyclroii* tiurmihl >iift n'iili ottt trj niara aIoibb «! i 
BipIiJIb otitic, TLii* tUn u-U-ujatniL" of lud it SPbOjClIfWy* 

tnlSim of i Ae. nb^r, 9H ol iha unJ UTnff n|U«rt^nU. mtal 
trtapl'ioii lofbo RiK^i'iii^hatjry, biil 911(1 i'yi \l. tuirttllir oxUti 



< 



Ii 



oncAHic Acriis- 



S0« 






SpM BBB BMhtOiy. JUoKDver^ niuur b)bui« twhlt htm funid ■■Ll« 

jasLHuo^iit, ux'iiia it iirj|ipur. ^r.. In tiiii c^l^j*, uul^ I At, '>f uiiJti hdIctb 
llm hcui, viil DuIy I. At. of wnL^r 10 citpollml, 

In tho ciuc of tAilAriu iMtd ua-\ ii^ two r.guipaDQH^a irlih p&Uabj tbg 
fonaulD, aoQUinliciff Lu Cim Lvvu Llieuriu>» jifij n^ t'ulluwi : 

Torlirl'- ndil. Aci^ F^if'nt-4alK 

HuBiElEutJQn.irMirT CIl'O^ C'll'KO" 

Td thti wjj untt, thv laulmtitntinn-thoorv iiuptHMivi tEi4l iiti<^ uf t!iG twu 
frplnwUilptiWrnfl nf bjiiroffpn In the [wld wninins iindr-TpH i ru?P"rJiiijj 
to ilic rudJcfLl'i^oury, oad uF (Li^ BC^amblD atomi df wi^kr nmALns. 

BiFainp in-iil* nfton fopm (iniA^ nfTin in «binb I Al H i4 T'pj>lfui(vl hjr 
011^ mttul) Auil tho nnuiniftv At, II bv^aotliAT; vr, nnvjtAiti^ i<> rho 
r<uJi«Ll-lliiiuty» tmu At, fiO bjuim imiUillia daiJ^i, ikiul l\w rumatiiiug 
Al- HO Uy amrlhiir oiiiln, Tliiiv, Lurtntu of piitiuJi nuiL ifQjH= 

fiii^jc iHi/r« iLti; ranly foriuoU by biljoiio nclJt; DUnT oompousdi ftnJi- 
Duitv lu Gilk'J i>lej:IiL VuCJjur (u Cu ri-^^ii^iluJ iu 4 Uifltifi-ui it;iLuiier, «« 
will [4 (uEtbar ux|iUiniHl m tint ^frp^ml fnel uf tliu work, 

oOnla^Tij 3 At, ]{ rcp]ac<-iiMo by a nifta\, t-r 3 At. of bwio water, jt a 
MpablCp q4]C4]rUiiij; Iv cirCTUiiiiiLauc«, rtT TurtaLDg wi^L tbo iuno buo, 
thiH iJiflvrvnt kj[iilj i>f *«ltr. vi(., ja iLurmul or terbMic, A blbaiie, ood * 



cnrKni* ri^n-K^v c"H'it"Oi* 



fecIUa f'flHtJLiEiinjf twn or lliroo mutiiln, rJlltuiii;!! Efrbjuin |)bcap1ki»r]r< \'p\A 
*xliiliitK frremi inch fitMipU*. 

VeUllin i>]iii|i!a I'f ttiE^ furinuU M'Cli aucb u^ tito grDrotldoof mnrury, 
appMT to import tliDmn-lv»4 vrjth urcnnii: Kuln in tno rnniT lutDner m 
tbo«d tr^ieh hivp ihn formula MO, Tlitiii for ono olfcni]pfp, ln^fr0^f^O• 
■HlBr«={>H*K^<0'i or K^.C'H'O'. In tbir^ omr, t|ju tubfiituiivo- 
thcuTv ijbliMii^ un ru du]ij>(ui> iIielL llf ui rD|riauud b^ tHf;. KurLlior invea- 

Thi>ic iiiotrllji? "xi'li-s ^'liipb oontnm 3 Ai. vf oiyfcn Id I or ! At 
of raeul, viliJbh a iiifl'>KQt t^latittu f^ or^iinic aeid*. 

Unnic Di|[3-<, VHi\ iu cainbliLiRir wiih Hcolie jicl>!, ^aiM'l* I At, whIt, 
bhit fntw i(jo aulkyiihiiiB wiU Cil'^U-O')©* (JF riT-^C^Fi'OV Thn Ami 
Ivrmulci *inr* ni^pf iMy<iril with P'lli^itE'n TiL>n'i rhul iii'/tn^ff.^^ \J'0' it l'> he 
rtgknjpd aj ■ mctnIluMiiL i^ompuun'l (XV . 100), — In (he cftntbinalian of 
unoiQ didfl wiiti rjiTLiiriLF fu.'icL, uu #a.t«T it vipcWtxi. fur tliu fnlt drtftl 
■I 100' u H>mtk"xiNj ,il ^II4J»,C*H''0'\ Siiiiilju'l^v witli uiiilic luiinL in 
•II ah'fiii rnnibm^vlinnn witLi or^-]pii« vjilx, jii^t he iei 'Hm innf^milr nnm- 

,D<dij umilc oildc li nonr> ivLfi. nnr. tAr-A^rid, ivlt1tr»ugli< ncivirditt^ tu Iu 

■ft4amt »F ^xjgott, itmJ^Ut be upc<l«d la r«i|aLra 3 At- or qmoiiLt' 

>«flid- 

T^n rrsi kill] hlti^^ d^Lihln ocvlu RliifLi i'.Kh>mJu fitidn fnrin' ^ith oKoJIp 
•dd md poloth, niny bo upr«ecd ocBOrdLoitr t^ tbt Iwa lUoorifit, V3 iXne 

rot. VII, V 



^. 




<-CM^. 









lUhJMP. 



li«jft«ll 



Mitel AL^nfcrril 






Ivtuni aol 



mH e** (=ciivjn 



Mrtw^K* 



iviirwiMBiliiK 

IJbiMiAl. n«niiHJlbB«y4wHl*Hi«lf*ft>nt,.t..fan^. 

to MiBhi ■ pwi»f toAt etro* (<bt ItfB^ Bf htUitM ttdJ ^W 
^vr *>i uiA yit vbM J|gi»iJ ki v«i«v. Ii k immn unt^ iato >fJiM? 

■*id, Jul Eha* tBtiQawH «mii 

«^Uw b7C"ll*KOH4-C"lrBbo^MhraKOJ(J■>]^o»■ftu]', 



Uihta 



4t«rviiJ 



vailM l» 



■ ■ww ti 



COMPOUNDB O? KUCLRt WITH ai-'LPHUR. 



911 



with ■ e«rbwin a^J, hdiJ all ibrw kt«m« of ca;£«d \a tlifr Klh »re 

OorliRhlt JonulVH ull «U4.'Ii taiinjuiiitilii uf i>rpkriic kfiiLt w!t1i miiUfcllio 

BKr-nlintr t-i Ihf^ *I)ot* ttlnciv^tiftni, Ibfj nften diffirr from tinAr-omfltio 
la *r«y rwv«ol), 

■e14a 1^ tUdir hfliHvibur in Lhn Hm, flomv at ibflTn, aurh I* ihc arhnio- 
niHCkl nlu Iff thd morn rnUliln Afliii. i^JijiivruA nnHnvunpnvMi Qllictrji, 
■HP h V iLL«*U.[fl r>r nlLimma, uivi> nlT tiji' 9ei-\ \d. 4l" r»rljflii4l nUlL* | ixnH » 
rvTjr ftffi nnMiiif w||ji<h nuy ^ mtnllfltieJ «j«iiiile uf fMitiuk i^miuii 
nliAJtAf-x^H avvit ibL \i iwl^lii'iil, it kout fruiii tliu tir, T>u{ evulvu ^.'iLrhuiiiu 
mdd if ibc sir liv t^cta* to ihim. Bm bjf (v th* emtnt rmmfc>tr of e^d 
vli* uf ur^niR af;i<lR tatr rntiifvoil iir dry diAMlJiLtk^nr NtmHilimiJi inui 

lulf'ni^ Sit. (p. iSSy, but wnit.-(iiiiui, npai^iall^ U' thr bent bt ludilonly 
■ipl'kiotlH ibDV uiiilDrga mom i^itiiplm dvcurnpujiitloaii, lu vth'n-h lliuj etut'P 
cattfDoic nclil* (^rtrunii^ otirlvi iikinili i^w, (iniiiyriHuuiiiLic ttil, mA. in Lliti 
fmns nf iunh>Al iHtilicw, itlm i^r]iiii\iil.n ni (LflininiikiL, rkiiJ a fmiill '|iJB.ii{jly 
of hTilriWHiJO oolil, *nil iff (cir'<Hn|fnC Ibo ■'U.liiEta) 1^4*^ 4 cntlT 
rtvCilnp- t]] thki r?iliTu? lLit> ^vu ui^v eilit in tbc la^h-^iTis 'UL?*. 
k<ut4Jii( tu Iho FnriiicEiy ^vitb hLici' it rvthina iu gxygcn, uiJ lh» 
■InngtU 4tf IE* ufHnitj f^r ^tmlnnuc: nvh]^ v'tt.. v a lArliifniila, wbivL it 
tl"* fnu- wiib |ii>1jihU; fi jntf l"t-i-, f-, 0., luatfiko^tB; v n uintal, t ^.i 
Cflfpfr; oud, rinftJlw, ni a I'VinMt, u w>)pii rhe roinp'HiBil of iv fixrJi 
Rlludl *fUh a nitrc^iuiLi f\r'\\ \r j^fiiiiail ani ufoiTitnFF of tir, TLe latu 
ttf ar^nin cuicl* jirr nljn dinliii^uixlk'it liy thii iHUtullurilji llmL oinAy of 
iJiHiii, wfi^n ti-^jit fnr xniiit* ijinr in llici 'lull' i^f <Ii]iiiii AiEiitiuji. imi lIkuin- 
Cii, with fiimiBiinh of TBrJionii) acid, inniili^ onrl niumi-, 



POK'I. wi 



if, Ctmp/inntf* "f Xudti uith !iiilphw^ 



TItMF ohii]|iuujiJ9 mv aDnl''a'r'u 1o IboAc of oirgm^ but u tbpir 
nmiibv 11 bal >ninl1, il !h lUfTirirtil ii) umiiDcmle the priadpftJ of (bam, 

I, Willi l-i!*, frpi-ifiine i^ C'liiLpdiiiiil mimipDiidrnir to ui «lb*r (tiiiil dvuy- 
om^l In [lio auujur'v i^ii^ni hy :be tenn !ii:htr/'f-'tftf)~ 



, XV*tli II V, i^uPrviETuuiliDi; ti> at! u-li^i^tiul fJfrvi'f^fflfM). 
. IVil^i IIP', with H^, Mil Willi H^. fifniimgEtfmiiiriimU wllitiU fftjui« 
funhpr nununntiuii, 
UubCiS. 
^ WiLh V Al- njlpTtrtr. «fFrvii|irjiMJEi/ Iv ui Milidd, 

^ Widi i Al_ -ufplmr. r»rHPiKk]L<lijij^ tu u irjonoUaLfi oofJi baL iv f^T u 
i>j«l Imnwfj, not ftliihitin^- ;li:iJ |irD|iarti0A- 

(Tr'JIfc Q».i^l itUiMir^ir^ lli4JphJ4ln of KeZi^I [>ibiiBik^ 

C'H'Vr.MJi Moii»^uli.liiiJfHif C-f^'iPf I. 
Ci'K^HH ^ulpljldp of Aofjl l!;jJi»if.UMjW4jr, 

C l|-.¥r>P MmIitI^wHVIB* 





no* 



amcuw 









CVMCUP 

maun 

C*H»Cl,Ha 

CJICftHCl 
CHT-HCI 



taH. 




J I ill I IIf| <■* *f <* iW 0— |»i^i tttMivbrl^ A*^ 



ILATCU COM?Dt;PfDS, 



SLU 



'^PtrmMld. 


T*. 1. 


n.t. 


t'-H'Vl 


- t ">M»,J|« - 


c>"ii<ci,it> 


C'liIlPt'l' 


- (i-H^CTHa- 


CKHO'hH' 


CM"*"! 


- c^n-.nn - 


c^u'ojr- 


( 'HMTl- 


- r'-H'CT.Cl' - 


C"H*Ci',IICl 


r^ijfv 


- r*HTT.n' - 


C^H^CMICI 


f^it'bi'-a 


- <'"HiBr*,t]' - 


C»Li-BrNLr,i|Ci 


<--'it'-f\' 


- lL"HJ(l.tl" - 


t^Mt l-IIU'l' 


l-'UH i* 


- C'hS.'lJ.tT - 


t*U*LlVU'C|i 


<.'--!<• 'A' 


- L"II'C|XJ' - 


t'^n'CLvr-ci" 


i'-[t^l\: 


- Ci'tLIM^t M -.- 


('|'i['n-.ii''n^ 


i-"\*Kl' 


= t^HtVnt r -- 


cni-ciMi-ci- 


c«US.l' 


*- CH^CI' 


t'-'H'c^HHT 


i>ii-r 


= Cni^MP 


rMi^.ir- 



Thn Mmr, hiih U it^ilaaA bf ^'1' 

{.'hiaitAm oH!pIj[ ■Mi,r-7n 

nr r"ll<UMl'.rMiiri(i,infTfi1p(pV 

U~<uin]»i>LLiiilt nbUlPihl Itnm ?i>]ikltk4lin 
.- rlt].H4Lit'r-|^H}M[:,t KiiLnlii, •>.* Ka«- 



C. Copulated Qompuiuida. 



■ 

T Thm tvtfl] i>i R|>jini'il to ■ pomiliiu- olov of fi«m]Kimtdi, farni«<l by llm 

I VblCP ir( XLi firjjnniii tulmlvtcf ^illi biiollier body, <?ltliur ur^tuu ar iiiur- 

Ij^ikjc. iiCDcriilJy will) jejjuntuiu vi 2. i, G, ue' H AL HO. In tliran nam- 

fuiaaiU lliu clianiL^luriaLiu pri}|P(tr[iiie of l\iii twu gDiurmlibg faLfrtanoH 

A i-cpii]ittf<J (QinpflUtLct is u<uxlJy r^gnntH u b cnmpouucl of Lho Iwu 
iuidii«i ti'lt from Ino two conftltucnt «omvoDiidfl ii/ter tba ivpivvid uf ■ 
^VftbiD iiumlji^ vf ntuiiit of wnLur. BuL iLv |irj*i<uDu ttf tliDiu rubidiiH 
ia tbu iittiulnliiJ ^iirri|>(>ii]iiL tfauDot l» Jinikv<'rod by lU<i ivncliinip irhiofa 

free •talc, (ivt (iiLio Lifi uif^iin tli^ «nri^r i«1rieti 1I107 Unvu loat^mid niij 
tT«DDvaFlpd inlu lliu iwu DutmluJiCf.') fnim wlit^li lU^y ivprc funned by 
•IJmiajttJori of wit-Ur, 

lUnrp TL ii rn4it pmbnhlfl tliHl, in tl^A rAnnaUun *4 dtfr ciApaUud 
o^mprruDd) CIjo atrintE of l)t<< L^^' iiubfllaDf«a left ofUP miLnliaii of ibii 
unlfr, blUU'li llioiii'clvru \a •-.ik\-)\ ulhtF In tu^b a ukaiiii^f^ tikrtt ibo 4>Flgin&1 
mottu ijf fumbiTtfttiurL iw iiiofo »f JrM Joattoyoil. n^d cDfMquvitly ilia 
•nWanftv na iil> langor exhibit lb* nuiliuiu vrhioh formflrlj bvbnftvd 

>^iTii^< Iiow0vpr» uolhinif ie known of ibo manner lit \r\A^ tbu otaiiii 
of tba IW0 miitijc kFL' iiniTod iu ihcHi rr)pi]][kri:d ^.'uinpoutiJt, v< cunliiQt 
gafi«Lrrr wilU Lttdii'iitltiif tbu lh'<» rt'^JdiiQi lik tUu furuTidit, lliii, bokvuvipf, 
^^■lijfl iKil Itp niiiJrrhtii'tiJ to ;ii]]jIv tliiiL tbu tn*> rm-idiiLui noliially mit, n4 
^^Ktb. h llio <^L>|in]iilH 4]i>ni]i4Pij|i<i. Th^t rTi»idi)LF uLiinb ci^tibit« an infikf- 
ftrcirc {.'hurjciovH tbal in Ui My. iicitlicT acid, aor baaio» la «11q>I ibi^ 
Co^v/<i, 

lo tbD di-LilEniiDii i>f 'mjo^l-Etirit, C'H'CiV «l\\\ m\ if ntrinl, Ha.SO*, 
tvo Btomt i>f walor nrp t^iii^rnttd, tiit^I *ii]|tLinlr tJ pinlbvl, CH'O^IiO'i 
nai* <ivur. TLi> uit bu« lo add rrvL'ttfiP, arpI i|pk4 n>it nivripft«ic 
bUTiii-Aiijr: LuE bi \ni\ yf^imr, St la iiuni^liai^Jy rHonvert^d Into nood- 
■pirit mid tii^ikf^ntiH i:iil|«liMtn aniiL- Tbu nil icAl'tbaory ii En omir la 
■teriliiDii Iti rni^tlivli? cihrr, T'H'O, ■ii|>|'»<'in/' ni«l m tUia oil, 4 hixln 
Ftn'ocELT. by \>il,op of wbjib it [H'i>'rftli»r» iW aiilpliori'^ Bpid; for thi* 
C^R'O. *Imc1j u n. ^*. don tiol DOUlcnljEe '/r^wtt lulpbunn qr-td^ and ii not 
^tn Mlwiirbpd hy it- [For furfU^i ot»rFvj*lion* 00 tlij po^l. ti'cT. A'4h«n 



k. 



ai4 



Trm. 



41h. ObbL i«H. rt; tMV ra-TCHHSCnO*. ■nf4iu I* -IUl ito 
■■^■■1 ■ — *y» ■ «^^ Ifi b nrphnd I7 ISO- Ai-tW 

«» t^^ ** MM Cl!\ p«flp«J^b ih* fan af ft a^wr* t^k (t «:i 
k«i^ IB iI^IipI ^ iM iMir ^ IS I- ii* maiktt mx^^ ifI^ * 
iTTin ■■■iiiill II f ■■ %i(fii iililr, rt il ihii mlphi'i !■! 
«o Vmii RttiM ^ •«« ?•■¥■' wmffB^bai n mamky finmtti la Mi 
c«a*w4 W ll» tkmmtL. wU ■», rtwJiw. wto tmmU dp«r 

-^ j' ■ - ^ -' » . r > 



«. i. 



«ll>. 



At 



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tb 



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' mmmm&it^ mi villi iW €3HiiBliit «l m 



■^ ap^i^HVaH^ ^B* nil 



|A»r7 ii^h MiMiitfc Ul I i> !mr i^ f 4. MBit u ifX 
•14*^*flfa ^c^^t^^*^A^^^"■Mli■ll^— i>fcTJpTg*Aw 



CUU*GK0*CR 






TW 



... (^ aUM- 

ji^ti^^arl 

<li. nkHVfe .U;4i iflte V4h^ «ffiM) t (^H*-C*flV 
ibAW>««^,il«k**.Maik* HAfatlit »BM mmU WM* 



<wSt r<n 



Ukn^ W 



«l.«IMWi rftk 



ITKKM aw TKK TUtttO CLA^ 



%16 



< lit* dMBnpOBJ uLii vLLb tboAlcoL'il cf ibfiii^rimi nQt bfllov* puaui 
fAi.w»«; ftsi-.At'<il.>ni^C*U"ti'+Cli'0"-^HO.* 

pbrilion. 

^L. WAli iLfCM kebruc may fwrliHiit U vliuwjil dJor4»hifL^tiimi, C^^H'Hn, 

IfBHiC^U'^. ivi i< pr<iliHl>],vC-HH(^HV], * t., * wiripoutiil nf iwq 
' mttU, OU<0, wbiafa iniy 4h dorJTod ffom bPQbBuo=C''HHC»^Ji>;j. 

^V *, {impound £th*n/^rmfd ^J^ 0rif<ftik-*wi4x [JFrfur]. 

m ifucL ji iiiiLiiTior tluiE wiiUr u HpftmUHl ami ik iiitufrnJ vplulilo vthvivftl 
tulMUnrr. rijrniri), wliic^h muy 1v< m^rdifd lu A «o|iiihl«d CQEDpiMinnf of (h^ 
alc ohol JinH Lho »i^] jHiNTcj nr^t^r, oi aoooriUa^lo th« imdiciil' Llaof j\ m a 
^^dl Id wbiHr an tiM if <'iinliin<<'l willi aq ctW, 

^^V" A EiiiTiiL't'iuJi^ nuid fiiruki sii ul^rr uf cEiu thlril gIub wUN 1 Al^ of la 
TTtfihot. IJ Al. wnicr r-fiiit: *i-i>nijitc*rl ^'cllTl;^ m, Sfll. SOI), If Imwi-vitr n, 
mmnml iM'iii 1>r *iip[r/>^i! To l>r it) fbt aiilij^oiit ktitc^ only I Ar. n-iiior 
will \\f tffjinmLnil, 

jkld» 3 At. tfuirr hdJ 1 A!, m-otic c[liur = Cll'(V. a- -u-ii*ifi ^p t^i'ltia 
the wiiiF^ Iri nltijili tlin irima ninui^a tJtiKuwItiB U (JtJa ruiiiiiliiQ nX film 'ijiiijiDund 

Wbm ft tiliovo oqcMiii} ulJ fonn* >l compouml «li«r, fl At. of ^oaHol 
uciilA witb I Al of tlw nOJ^ ^i^b Aiijrumlinu oT 1 Al ir»Lpr. T]iil% viih 
nddaic Hfdt 

If pnlj 1 Ath of llio nfpolinl wcri^ ti> uJiiio TilK 1 At- nf llio bibuflg Dold, 

Lfvily, 1 Ai. of ft lorbuifl oijpiuiu aoiJ rmuim 3 At- of %fx «Tr4hol, 
BTid Al umvr «o gli]diiULt#J in ibn rvuctiuu. TbiUt wllb ftcuitlc 

Of Uu 3lir> prnJuatil Fntm * moiiDlibla Jifiil in tlio fumtbifMi nf kn 
■ TliBf hbv ^» b> r*au4nt ti mUi tenoBd fn>n tkfl i^itidH by iha nbiiu 

X ^Pl'l*r ■)»* b*; ^' tlrva of iha ^Wnponnd i>r Enlcnrexltali lolaokl t]LHtfV<nd \j 
WUlkaninn {\<. \^7)i HtW. Ut- <UiM]idliad. C*IM^U'. bbliLnud Cf b»l]n| ft n<t(ruH ef 

^iniM'^"-""' '^*''^''*^' "' I'^ii*'""" •t'l*l'»J>. l^jj.|i^ff*' ' or iflfpptifn Ell. 
liMWhln Iff *•"•"•- wdctouKj bv WiLkiuuftii and O'rLahUi 




b a»U. lb. iMd ft^ 



Ml £• p*ir*r of f««tfii 

OBO^O*. *M Ml U ^m p<«MMe fc»ii» afei; bit ■■ tmm mm 

iifai irinitiiii n|ginl 

J mmomhmd W ihf Wm 9*1 lb«« ^ 
wk'Wi»<lWriiiiECH*tW«t* * * M M k i*hufTw. TUrbvi 

^ Ml HUnlflt ibM asd In w gi mJ •«b«n f «Mb lb* iMv vwif 

to«>»«fUp«i«rMlMlWaiWalMbffkOll>4>,0iW,t>J 
whtth «aUEii iH i«d lO mvtt. H<p««at«. in tn■•l■Jt^ it* 



ETUEUa Oir THH THLHI> CLA^i, 



21T 



itiuu of aJlrrr, tJiv» ulbru of Uic ■«<»' 



ici, naa 



^ not. AifdMui tulutiuu i*t pt^mU tJdnl (u tliwo cvitimiuaib ilut ii<»t 
HpiiniM l}\fl Hii'dvLlril Uutu (thi»vthnr> imrnnliitfly, v il Jih* wltin ;LdJv-l 
in t|]q rianipoiLinl 'if ATI [ri-ul nilli nn nurLli nr a nmlitllir* i^kilTi^ but ilnTrly 
uiil 4>f[j-ji 'j[|]y ^h^'ii btili^'l )iy Ufit . Lii^'ri'ovor, (l^o cniopuoinJ thi*^ arn'^ 
mt'4 \9 TiM nn tiltcF, tui nlwayi nn iikubul, trinAiEiacK u ibc rutiiliie fif 
Ibo tk«hvl. nt tka piumgiir at duirtmiCEuii, uffoJo uLi^> tiji J II uulI |<l from 

ui i^hfr in divuKml in wjil^ir, iL rrmntnA nnnUrritil u,n'i ■>■ nut noiLi'imt'"! 

kJd^ l>y b4.'iii, '\'i nut H*[iaraL^ :l simple rlhf^r FrDtu lbt» «JDipoiiuil tllior, 
but pi*o riw lu B iniirli huhii i'nmplnlo tlDn>inp<>iitit)ii- (*rwn/', pp^ Sl3, 
Sit.) 

In nminhiHrp iriih thu Jdcn th»t othptt of the ihlfil oImh »tp riim- 
pniimtfl fkf n kind <if mctnllic oitite wLtb »a utd, ilio ni']lcol-lh»ry 
hkcwiiD tL'i^urdi Lbo vlhoF* of tbo bpconct uln** (jifir-y- 100> v tim- 
P'MiuJn <>r n kiud iif moUl nllh « Alt^miltnit thni, r->HM = CKM= 
Wj.Iii of mvily]-. C*H'Br= t>H\Br= br^iirido «f olbyl; C-H"n ss 
CK'^CI:^ cliUfnio of %tny\. A« potoMlum, for einnipli!, in combinaiion 
*i[h biUiuiiLfi furma bttiinlita of nolikbuiu^ tu i<t]ivl toiiiljbcd "lltj Uic 
^■lue ulviiifiLt fofirm Uruniidir ol Plliyl- and a;- hiiCM'-i"iii +0 ♦■ NO* tttra* 
Bttrutv of ^HiirPili, eo Kilivi -f O + VO' fonm iiilml-i of ckthyl-aiidu (nilrie 
^ihpt'j. Uiit JtC>kin'1 (1^1* H niitat Iw urufil ili.-vL HiMn LDptaJIoJiU] coiii- 
|wUI)d^ C4I' 'C'IJ'» Bud C'"Jr\ an not known ffVcJ. ii)cahi>t"«di<ri1«, 
pp^ nO-lTiL jijid ibiit wb«ra» all lofltulik Sudijut, bioinidci, uid 
nfilDriJep yit«i|>iliLlif 4 fluliitiu 
haiT no itrliuu tipan iLt 

From nU fhun coutiderAlbii* w« mmt nippow thAt tb« bLpchfrl'rMijqo 
In t\'! ooiikpNiiiii] ttWp, i-voci if It biii llio smo cuntp"iilinn nn llie ■itji|i1« 
clbt*r, itiiri^n fruiii r1 EtrljiUv iti lTh' iiii'du of iimn;;ciiu'iil ft l\\v nlviiix^ 
aifjtfovuT, lliiii [Jitf hlninB of [J^n flcii! ur <»f llio ncid'midui- niim'Ii tkoiH' 
t#|yrd In thoitn nf tbci jJt^hof-iPiiidiin in imcli 11 miittnrr \httl rlic {loruliAr 
mcLEnA4 <if t^e nrnl *»<* irnEmypit; bul lb»l* Ti*vpribftli>"*, tlf atouit flf 
ibe too aubaIUA?4^ ^ru iiuL eutiijiW']^ uuiEtil iiiLu i\ ptmnu'y oj^'itnifi Md|' 
pmnd. ituMmocU U lUd ciim|>[iiii]il rIIht i^ Jign-in Ttucilvrd by qijucou* 
AJknliv, imcl iQUKifiintw wtin by ■■alvr slnno^ into alfobo! nnit ufid. 

In Dinjiy i-llirrA nf ihf* tlitnl iilof, pnrt i^r nLI of (bn hydto^ii lUAy be 
ro|dari>d liy rblonne^ In noinv, fSi? oldimn*! fn?rti jt* tnbttJM^tii^ afltimi 
|thnerpfelly va Tbi' tili'iilioj-runliiiv— id 11 few. u& m naLiu^'lio nnd unaio 
vlbfiti uri tbv Dtrid-rc-iiluA. 

fitlipfn nf ilin ihird dbk^a n.rv giJivtaWy H-nimry ar only U(|iiidij ■ ftw, 
Uanvi't, 0ji- cFpiiiUJDo. 1'boy vnliililiie wilLnut dcwompmitiflni tom9 v 
Uina uv it|;bttr, nibcrv Lcuvitr tliaa «uiflr; uiid Ibcy ud lii^dy amnbii^ 

It q^ii IUb In iTriH vuil^irf hLcli l^r nr ilmi of ]mikah on nMr1y aII wrtlUfl hHvI 
IIA •ll*l] U oJiIeiI EiJ f lulwlHMt i»r tti1|phaUufW]tW| tvf I'ifl'ii|ilr\ itti t)lili> prtril- 
r^j'lttPiE It Ihlil |Ilf' PFih>ilri'iii, l>ut (Jir hjit>*lc4 UiL»lvi ultil ^^'I'll'LlKl'lun UtA 
pBCf, fvM"** lli»* ltf'E>pli-i1 ti^hilfH L4 kkiflittiiMp iFk itnlpr ^I'ti flprit ^i<ilii>h» »• A>1iln1 lo 
uMM pllirr iii'«[ok- uf dirjlf iiu iinu^nlialf xiiviliuii [tin vWur^ \}IK'^-': •Ifukti^k, lltB 
■vafflroff «f ifir hjJnirrl jnrlclhi' r.i"li-, \i nwllf Hlnbl' m itilft^ apd in ■ ■'■hi tar mm* 

tatf, |IBn linUlJi iTii>i Tkc»l )>rTclplll1r i1i>iHKlff uf birU tvciU*' bBfjLl tl •olubll In 

•tlBr. PUl ifbcn aqUrbUi luluriolL uf putuh ^f mlilrd Lq uvlllt ^f blt>}'t, IrrbEl af 
|4fiuli It fDrrncd. and BnjiLtc iIeqIu^I HfHrnVitr twcaUH thU iLrvbol ■» bul >|unnftf 
KluUbln -■*«, tW.J 

t In •vmr ctkH, Ijov^vcr, m ^c flici iilkon of LixlldB nf ' 1^7! rm par.T^JOW ilixitkijl 

a. If J ?0]) Od ktiiuuof 11.7-q cunii^aond* b tFin^Atli kUAlHfuutl" tittl utOio uielalliF 



^^»l^^ 


HH^ TTPEi* ^^^^^^^^^H 




^1 «tiiil>iii « aligblLy (LCtd cbarikcrlDFt vi<.] mvjUU vl inulliyi, iumuucL Wl 


^^^■^M^^nn* A i^mpuuui hUU |fuLa*lb J 


^^^ 


Tlito^' Kwu </ SffAeri ^ nU Third Ctnu. ^^m 


^^^1 t. Fvmicil frvm Wocl^pmlr MitA;fUi«StrK [PurwoUr.] j 


^H 


\. Wirh MinrrrU AcilU. ^M 


^^L^U>aC9 


^t^Wifia. ^uiiiriMMifoBula rfMflftjl-«i4fc ^^1 


^^^KJpjiis.C? 


' Clt^DO*'uiJL^ll*OH!fUO'-C*irirO'Bdi>ui«o«U4feoliBadi 


^^" ^H'o.eo' 




l^lO.jUalittn. 


V (^u'cipao* 


- C^I^O\ l^iLtjil-afvafWsitirlL Kulphnrli^ Ue-Eli|l'«lMt, ^J 


■ e>n*Op»o* 


• C^WNO". :tftu.i*HrHi>Utrl> K^im* MatkilvOK. ^^1 


^^ 


s. irixi fjfi^uLW .^A'if, "^H 


^^^fc^n ntfiii 


k MM TT-'i" Cmrrivnd KlUr, ^^H 


^^■■ScTo* 


Oitao* c a an ^11 




9 1 A 4 4 « rom>lo»i^byl *!»«,• Jl 


^^■1 i ] 1 


9 1 % 4 114 ChluFln4l«d vMli^I'iC^. 1 




4 A i AS 4 Aorl]4> ■ihalbr1-*ll''V^ 1 








* : A JO 10 1 B«<Tiiu wUirUibv^ ^^M 


^1 


Hi V S 1} If 1 T-lrri'' n^t^rl-^W^ ^^M 


^1 


1) H S II 11 1 Ciprotc Dietbf 1-rther. ^^M 


^H 


L4 > 1 lA I 1 UitiHlffMaill-HlH, ^^ 


^1 


14 b a It > c kitttqtttd siMbri^aH. 1 


■ » • 1 1 

■ ft L S 1 




^H 


Lt t X t Ift ; S A InduiitLu luK^I-fUw^ J 


^1 


10 r & Ift liJ A AiiU- P».'rkjU'ik' 1 


^H J 


10 < Br A lif V Br « ItixH»ii.iiuh' iH'ibil'rUa^ J 


^B 


l« h » IB V X « MtoulvsHdlifMite-. ^^1 


^1 


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^H 


i4 U :» :i> JO 4 Eluiti^ ludbjl^vihtr. ^^H 


^H 


4 A K Ij fl Ih-IU DiclhTU'ltuB. ^^H 


^1 


IS ■ 14 U J4 Ifi MuciciucOlTl uliar. ^^H 


^1 




^1 


■ 


la a II IN 14 11 cHfiKoMbri-ovr. ^^H 


^H 


Fantie«t rmm AIcdUdI: I'l'uic £thtr>, C^binBs^] ^^^| 


^^ 


1. rteA J/>'nfiTii; AcvU ^H 


^^kc>ipoxv 


- r'll'^a flq1phavt»HUAr»lbrla(|^ ^^M 


^^■CHMjO* 


• CUV. h.|i,baculiOHt*lJfHKfUfilfMl. ^^H 


^^B DB*0'.M^ 


- I,^]|*(1^ C4fbubt*«<lkP>. ^^1 


^^m c«>GT>aca* 


- CIIK^m», aiorthvMwtoakMhib ^H 


^^V CKyoHCo* 


1 OCrO'. Nr»hluHMH44wW*>f dhv. ^H 


^V >C*ll*0,BCP 


-> CVBO^ >d4 C^IPO.KBO' - Ctt'Wy, tW kM^fif fciMlJ 


■ 


nkm. j 


M ' — "J 



ETHERS OF TUl TBIBB CLiSS. 



911 



C*H«O,N0* - C*rt*NO", Nurictliicr. 

ThrH kindfl or Silicic elhci. 



3. With Organic AdtU. 



AtcDlwtnaiduff, 


Arid-midv^ 


CompDnnd Ethar. 


C H 


Cl 





+ C 


H 


OJ 


O 


- C 


H 


Cl 


t i 






i 


1 




s 


8 


6 


4 FoTuk HhBT, 


t i 






! 




1 


a 


8 


b 


1 4 


* 3 


2 




z 


1 




a 


6 


4 


2 4 Modified br chlariite. 




b 




z 




1 


3 


A 




6 4 


4 & 






4 


3 




3 


8 


S 


4 Acetic «tb«. 


4 ^ 


2 




4 


3 




3 


S 


6 


2 4 


4 i 






4 




3 


3 


S 


5 


a 4 




4 2 
4 1 


3 
4 




4 
4 


3 
3 




3 
3 


8 


4 


a 4 

4 4 

5 4 


ModiAnlHJDi atDtuoiiif 




a 




4 


3 




a 


8 


3 


chldriiw. 




a 




4 


8 


1 


a 


B 


9 


fl 4 






a 




4 


1 


2 


3 


8 


1 


r 4 






& 




4 




3 


3 


8 




8 4 - CClKJS-CWoiUM.idr- 


4 :i 






6 


3 




3 


10 


S 


4 Acrylic KhrTi 


4 a 






G 


a 




a 


10 


10 


6 IacUg f Lhfir. 


4 i 






8 


7 




3 


12 


1! 


4 fiutyiic Dlhrr. 


4 « 






S 


^ 


2 


3 


12 


10 


Z 4 ChlOiObaljHc rlhW. 


4 K 






10 


3 




a 


H 


8 


a PrTDmacic elbHr. 


4 a 






10 


9 




3 


14 


14 


4 VolEriuilc •Ihw, 


4 a 






12 


11 




3 


16 


16 


4 Capnic ether. 


4 A 






14 


S 




3 


18 


10 


4 BeoBjic ftbcFb 


« fi 






14 


5 




5 


18 


10 


€ bahcjilc ttbu^ 


ft a 






14 


4 


X 


3 


18 


9 


X liidigotic kW' 


4 A 






11 


13 




3 


IB 


IS 


4 IJ^cuilbTlif eltiFr. 


4 a 






16 


7 




a 


SO 


IZ 


8 AnL4li] rcl^r. 


4 a 






16 


6 


fir 


a 


20 


11 


Br 6 BromaDinc bUkt, 


4 a 






16 


6 


CL 


a 


20 


11 


CJ 6 CbWuiiia flthtf. 


4 a 






iG 


fi 


X 


s 


20 


11 


X 6 NiTtuikiif eLJur. 


4 a 






IG 


]A 




3 


20 20 


4 CaptjLicnher. 


4 B 






18 


; 




3 


29 


12 


4 CiunBOilc clher 


4 a 






19 


€ 


X 


3 


22 


11 


X 4 Nitr-^uiaDBmic «rber. 


4 a 






19 


9 




? 


92 


14 


B Vwiirin ether. 


4 a 






20 


fl 




» 


Z4 


14 


10 Oplftitic Hthsr. 


4 a 






32 31 




33 


36 


3€ 


4 Falmltlc cthsr. 


4 a 






34 


3 




3 


38 


38 


4 ^IflTjiiri,. pilicr. 


4 & 






36 33 




3 


40 


3B 


1 FJ-idJfi clku". 


8 10 




z 


4 






6 


12 


10 


8 Oulicdtbtr. 




10 


2 


4 






a 


L2 




10 B C'hluroiBltJ: Dihefi 


X kO 




a 


8 


2 




6 


16 


12 


B FunidHceEhrr, 


B 10 




! 


8 


4 




e 


16 


14 


B yurdiHiccthrr. 


a 





2 


S 


I 


3 


6 


IG 


1 


IS G Cbtoruflgcdnlc rthar. 


8 la 




> 


10 


8 




a 


IB 


le 


8 p¥r<iinucii^elhu. 


8 10 




2 


IZ 


H 




fi 


20 


13 


8 Adipic etkwr- 


8 10 




S 


12 


B 




14 


20 


la 


16 lluoo ether. 


H JO 




2 


IG 


12 




a 


24 


22 


B Sitbenc ether. 


8 10 




2 


SO U 




£ 


28 


2t 


S 1- fliu^kJiunc [t]]«r. 


8 e 


4 


2 


JO 


14 




fi 


Z8 


20 


4 B CLLaracmiipfKtfidDthBr- 


8 10 




2 


2D 


16 




G 


2a 26 


8 Sehiiri': fther. 


13 la 




3 


12 


3 




9 


24 


18 


12 Acoiiiil<<ei|]cr*, 


1? la 




3 


IS 


a 




u 


2i SO 


H 


Citric ellur. AftptJM- frrigtj 



•oatiiu ] HO man. 




p^---. 



I At. -J ■ Ubaor v^ «r a At. <rf« 
4«i*h f At l—Pii'i. ywUtiAi 



Kmv * y>w - iBO * f^i VQ*. 




I A«. vMv iW 1 At- m m Iii ' m k vol: 

?'nulir!v w^*- ■:-!» \ A: iebvcs acli ii|va 1 Al. ox&lic acid, (he pf^ 
tlii^E.: uv - A'- ■-A:tr iz-i ^12EX acid: 

If r,^« v« TC^Tvr^ ] .\\ K^sH-t idd 10 hf ut«cl CD by 1 At, aiddocb 
ibU I At iU\^''!.*At "lier "ill V#«[armied»nd I At. of in ■iDftliiw 

AiufO'ir-^ s:*r-«i tv;.;j;t fr<>Jr<TJ bv inraiinir id elber gf tb* thiid 
vl-js> ^'ib JlTill .;i:»r::'ii"= i? rira;onii. f*i if lo eliminiK? onlv balf iJw 
al(-('Jn'L if' i l^ri:*': 4uc;;;v <f ib-nxuia I* nwd, ibe elbcr may be ««■ 

Tl'iLis 1 Al^ oitaiif fihrr ■lib 1 Al. imiQCDU foTma oxamethuc u>J 

it^U^iVrv - NH' = t'H^,C*0» *^ 011*0% 

Hut if ap<>ilifr ttc-Bi "i AirDK'iia be sJiled, oiuDJde ia formed, u>d * 
uTiuul *t"i"» of fclolu'l is pliniioiicci; 

I'll NC^l* - NH* = CH'NSO' -h C*H»0J. 

ThiA miiclbmip mar Iv trgirded in YBnoiiB *»yB-— a, A< « W 
idogflU' ind buif fibVt-roinfonnd of oi*lie uid (or, wbit nmn lo tbe 



COPVUTKD ACIDS. 



sai 



MuiWlliinEf if HD rn^mla]iAliaiwLijLuini>iiiiWia=C?HO\ V* n dom]<oiii)Ll 
of 1 At, iii>iin»dp. OH-NO'p trlih 1 At. u>Uc <tbar, G'H*0%—b. Aa tbo 
vlaLe «lher of cuioicafid (ojcunutof 11II17I), (Ddud.)— c, A4*n amiilc 



a, 
+ AUw^ * A vqtDiilB « I 3 


• AloalMit 1 fi a 


CH WO 

Oblamtif Kid « H 9 
t-AiBBunl* 9 1 


8 U I 10 
- «W4e0 4 4 


9 10 
- IW4M- 1 f 


»fl 1 • 


0«Aineili»* « * 1 « 


ei T 1 fi 


B 7 1 4 



«f. Arpnrflrnif tft flor-lintrU, tlti* powpoond is fflrrpp^ from ibp TMiHuM of 
ilo-jliul, C"H'0\ fcrnrnL-iila, Ml, mn! ftuJif iwUL C'il^U' {\,. T<JJ, 

ilrtny <'lhnp jU'ldiH iiJurfl!iiji<; !ia rtall n.. ofj^ii"', u«t 1114 similar iiiij-iinT 
Ifr iikiUl*! [f ill , HEid olhrr nlciirhnlh niiiii Vikty (iPiiiiijaii nlnbtiu]. Tlin iijiii*- 
lhta04 foTDird bv HYjf"]-i<|>iril iini niillcvl <l/i(K%y£a«Ai or ^nj-]ru7pqfiiAiJf»'«; 
tbOH foniipii hv rominon nloulioL, fflrhyianft, TlMm^h-'inrt, «r almply 
j4iNAtuji»,- aiiJ lh<-4« TutiricJ Ly Tiih^l-uil, jlm^v^'mfd, vt Jlyf<imflJk<ifta. 
All j|]iiu(h;kiiee = l At. uf h Mhiuli' iie'uL (or ^ At- uf i& muru/biviii uuliI 
+ 1 At. nWUi>l+ I At. imminEiui— t At wtilnr. 

If (lie TLDmbpi fi d'-inrnXary ul<iEi>' (□ th" fnm^\t\ipd cth^^r and th* 
■njiii? of u. lilltu'*!'^ iicii] he addoJ iQ^cibi^r, and Llio iiuit di^liJ^^l by 9. iht 
c^ivutJiMit ^iil iyo [Zjli iiuiuliirr uf di?tiLi<utiLry ■lauiB caiu|iualDg lUtf ftuiiTVUaua 
^thfi same tcji], ^ 

To th« otv* of BhintbLkiim bvlmid iha following toihiiquiiiIb ^moJ 
hi>m «Pod'.|iii]l. C**l*Cr, aloohul, CH'O'. Mid fuwl-oil, C'-Jl^O'. 






Suir>iiuiiirUiriuiii. 

OixHiLifkiin. 

UrtUKim Of C«bflili;rbni-, 

Onmalljaiir. 

(.'blDroUDiMhmu. 



Cm'>nO* - Clt'iAJ.t:'*)* - ("'M'^0,C<Acjy, OnfafluA 



rf. 0>P"^tftt 'Uifii. Ctfpulnliil ^^:!oftt. 



V, fom, with an i-xft^x* 01 on iEif>TiEanir fT a Binnger orgkntci ft^iu. 
tjng apon Ui*m ^ilb^r in llir anhydiYipi or ibn hEE^lT-iVdPcnLmlvii 
V,— 4uinetiiiira at irditiikry tciapHMnni, hqicIJidh wHIi t)ii- aid uF 



DbirifiOLiiidd. vlt.nu^Ti^i 111 ihf {•art' itAity. iiupivi t-tsm' 
llntd <Ak 1 At. Iiy>!n>jpu. ulrulml*. tildidD*. of rEiunDbvtiD or hibmiij 
titii$, Tonn, with an i-ii'in^ of on iEif>T|Eanir or a Binni^T organtci a«id, 
»IJ 

«UIa*i— Auinctiinr 

li#iil, vumoiiiMiu only in ]kPoBV(LM of * rtiod alkali, and ^iK^mtllv wUh 
tJim^TUtEJoi] 'tf wtlrT.— an iiaimiLliiArid iMRifHiUTnl.^ i-ripnUliyl ni'id, wbii'Ia 
collet u b vrLolo *rUh mUAaMo hu*9M. {•irmiiig pDculiar iclUvh wLJrfi uri? 
MiTublc hi watPFj ovpu if tlic «jlt* 'jf ibc n<iii-ropiilnlml arid ntv iriMilnblA, 

Tbe oFniiiQ coiikpound thai ODhlod witli the v>iA i* ullcd ilia Carri<A 
(Jirr fmxrtin^j)- 

If llin tfnEnpDEind i* famivd bj moaqii rvf kte lobyJtoa* iaDrKftnie uild, 
DO wator Ia i>bii>ii>at4d| bi>l wlipn Lhp vitiEitjonid Ja ati nr^ri.ui" np't'l, pcr- 
ffflllr ilrji'^l ^f^ tr. a number iif utomn of wiktor nn^ ^i^nomlly ^c^famluil, 
#qi|Al to iL"' ttmtibcr of u|i>dn of hydntion-wnlfr wUif^ii ibit ni'UcA^ 
tfaeory fupx>™i"ii to HkiAt in lUa ariil. Tbv oicv* of cIim wnini; Jutd inrvvb,, 




L. vkb ib« ueniti I «r ft f «7 fa* 




C9*; Ct>; ifO*^ ua >0> of^ »t.«>l»: M t« m^ h 










«ltW 






_ _., ., — — — -. — g — -,— - .^- ._ ■ • 






T» OiIj Heir, wMcb, •wn if ir lio ti*.E *«fi«t, ma? tt aJ Avttft *■ 
Iv MliiVfd nur, 4'4HiiF>ll hu Utoiy riv*ii ibe pttfiftaWi 

eontein tlifl laillff«tn«l orfinb bodiv fnim v^Mi iWf hat 



COPULATEB ACIDI. 



£3S 



fc«a fonniKl, ninui IHO; alin I At ot whUr ihntualljr fvrmarl. ftnd 
9 At af a ii)nnf>f>*i-ifi, at I Ati tt d ViiItim'c opj^Ij If tbo 110H t# tir^ivii^ 
lik« |ib«Mphoi-i<i nni'E, nil U'li^ith^itfi] bloiu nF w«lI«p in Abo pFU^al, 'i'liUK 
•oiphuffima Htil wouLi] be ilO,SG' + C«II*O.SO', >uMiui]ii<tliYlic acid 
HaSO-^CHXl.SO": iNj jiiiuHpliuviiiic *<!iJ. 2HO,C*Il'0,rO'- !!.■ 
tfiAUKin nltfl of tbU iciil «it ]irA<]iif<piJ hjr thf ni|ilarijiiifm1 vf 1 at 
9 liri |fy I or V Mo, If ill* 4?opDlftl04 fluiH '<'>nEik;iii juk i>rj>nriii> nriii^, 1)10 
iMlor ■■ >iip|HP^n'] t(> «ii4t rnlL,h^f iij LLebj'i-uEliQUcilly stilt vJrvua tUlc» 
■ud hilt wLih Ifao i)iJaDlhy <»/ tlifl t^IumgnU it "uLvr tflkidi U rtfLtim 
wlieu dH*d ^idr «f, Tliui^ utxJitvinir «njc3 ^tEipprMJi^f oiftlia u3U la I* 

mpi^Uiril twiAf tikhv ho tcifirdf'! u dr^ublo laUr, in wh.trli pnFt of ilift 
Mbl it ^lumlwl h^ tlia i.'ii|>ul4. iirul tlm r«( b/ vnNr, «r by ■ Uua 
nllGaUd ljiu>D, TIjii nuKln nT riLprcwuEalinn n\ni> mnkM iiJitrd bviiltbl 
thb mlntHXi of iLiu iitpitUl'^i] juiiiIh tn ^lanipniiiiri nEhnri nf ttih thtnl hI&h 
TKii^ •ulphnio of tFr.ir.lhj'l=C'H*OHSO\ n wnvprtr"! into ■ulpbom*thylie 
paid, U^H'OpSOn HO,SO' b^ iLp mefo i^lJill-m of ]fO,SO»."V Th« 
frruulut of ihv npnIiUihl uvilIb lu-tc^^jr ^ivu^ Ly Wjlluuthiii (Cftm. ^uc. 

^M./. JV-i SflS), *Hffp,iuipriovlflitfMi4 = *"',^'i»0'i lulpbutbfeU of 

nt|| f 

|^>triA|i = i- J so*; a™ liliiwirt in nwordnniv wilJi iHu W«w- 1 

If, iiownvpr, llin [irgimie nulalunM Itmn wliiuli tbe cubuU i* formtd, 
V<iintaii]ii no Dxjf^, irhidi ia tliu out vJEh b«i>im^C"n', tind. thvr«> 
fvr«'» <unrkit[ vi*-M IIL^, "<> mLi't auppiuu ch^il il £i*V< qp ntily bydiVij^D, 
■lid iIjilL llir 'i\yi-i-i\ in AiippUi^d frnm tin? arhl, whitr nmqrp Ii llirm-br 
clinagQil- Tbiti, ■i]lpliijbr>iitfirL}o acid, 1I0,C''JL\1<'D', mudE bu ra|[iLrifotl na 
A cumpiiund nf vrHUr iiiiU CH'. a hiAy in*l U.miH'n in tlm Mt^AfrtU lUl*. 
frlLL J At, fiT|M>niiLf)luiriii onidr But •liiLi'ti bjpcu>ulpbuiiR luid, ^'0^ Ln 
nibDQbn««, the tafpt^iiiou tbM 2 At, i>f 1««rv vi^ij IHO or MO, mid 
I Al of tbii r;upulu sliiiijl^i bo uDiM vriiL t At, of the 4cld, ca out in 
Uurdancn witb Uiv prii^oililiif, 

e, III ihfr Ci.Y\i\i\u\'^\ aist'ln of Hijpbgrtr luid. wr nay Ihkwiao fnppusc 
thut 1 At, b/dro^iL IV riHplniiod l-y 1 Al rtf BiJnL !»<■■>■ Bcld, Aucurvl- 
in^fci ihi« •»>*, *u:pJiH^bpriel»rp •«d=: HU,C"il*(SO'j.SU', HQit ■otpb^ 
Tinu^ B^id=:T^'^Oii'^S0'JU^bU^ TLia »u Ct«rbfttJl^i UrliH *iinr 
(/rii«, Cttf^ i'hifM. 7V, IM)) r^nd MiUrtliiirLinli kino 0i3rr*iBn« hiinjieif in 
life ffcioiir U"", t**"'. /'Atf-. 1» ''T; 7h 13). f*"t. nUb-mali lUt tIoh J. 
Jikqvjtu iup[iuried ^7 (tic foft, (bat mitny fiipiirntM Lcjdt Moaot bd 
farmed wiibutil tbs ifj uf bml, pfobubly bwatuu ib« eonTif^nii of taU 
phBnn Lnlrj AnlpbiintJJE iMud Ukw plncL^ rmlv :it M^b iHtniwmliinu, nod 
Ihat a^orol k'MjpaUlHl luJida, (KintjiiiiLiii^ fltiljdmnr n^\i\, wluin finiprt witli 
«Mia of bTdTftlPAf poluli, yirild iiilphilr^ of ]hJT4iih lut wnll iu mrplkuic; 
11, PHJirtbdo^ MTiiii>t irLebirTe more (Ij^n n %m\i\\ iiufiibcr uf \.\\t cnpu- 
IbIaI 4flid<i: fur, in tb*' fv^t of vuboiiti; u^id. lulpltufvur qci'l. nml iUi> 
Mnnir uiido, il^viLniilv Kit ritiiriiTmiiiiiL t>v inc^B^iii i>f byjHii.}iiMiii (mi i^ur- 
robriralcil bv iny i^lbT nnn'iilormrioii , ni>d ti> |ab<)"jdinrniiA ttint |>linA|itmrin 
Kfid U li tStoae^hftf intmilfcoblp, nnl*^ tn« PTpn** thi* Irtltpr by l"U* 
(priitad of TO*. TncAAiM it ii impOHibLe \.ha\ rtot pfttt of hfl ftftim uf 1* 
•boiJd nnlix LUo^n|Oi]]i, w|iiJi< tbf^ runt fomuiup wilJiuLit Jii lliti rumi of ihn 
ftpjrl, MikrVATvr, tiro bhHM (Ili(i oojHilib «nd wi^Mr^ nr ft mvtaino <nid«) 
ireulJ be unileii with 1 AL of n tQoDoliMio uid. 



^-iroii 



ytTct, 



T<AHi<rr 



hat Jtaovn Ctpu^i^ Addti, 



I. PTDdawd hy Miatnl AddA. 






AvsntLag Xo a. ApcnnfJaB 

Aeld. H.kU'lc ulr- kHA. 

OltW-K^ DU'MOS^ZCS' »OHC-*tl'0.lCB» K0,O*llV.tCI^ «. (t) 

c-H-o-.^rJp cMi^Mo'.ai^ff" H(j.cir*o,Eca» MO,c*H*a,JCar ^ n 

c*"«"(v,Bi:y c"n"Mo',jc*J m>,c-H"o,icv viojcyn^yjtOfi — 

C"H'HJ'.2(;4J c*'ii*Mo',acs' H0pC*]t"0,3ca? anxc^i*twc» — 



tl) Xaij1^iom[*ll]y]ic b'liL — (3) XnntfauTjnlD add. 









AcOndlDl to a. 
Add. McUlld hH. 



J 



A0I1I- Kfttidc 



''i SpO UiafO' C^H'MC.HO.tO* 1I0,4.'l1'(M]0,l'r>> M<U'*I1*<>,I| 
(L) Vlaoi>hor)>barQut M)id'— (S) Am)rki|vhoapbatnu and. 
4* Sf fkotphtrric tteid mlh A Imhtil nmd Ct^/vrit^ 



S^ 



Amrdlnf ta *. 



AHnTLllni; la •. 



(1) Pbcipborinlo afld.^V) Fhorpbogl^wrip uli, 
Ju £> ^u^vmu ddtd tnfA Woed-^ifit in tAt pvn MATj amJ iJ(fa/ 




Af Ld. MtfiUit qh. 

]IO.Ct|iaN>.iaO> MOXVHOXMIIO'. 



El 



CI) Mfirbj1«iilpliif«q« MiJ.^*) Clilot«n«li' 
(3) BiohluhiruclliyrUHl]ihurDiu vsM, — {i) Th r h I r f n m 1 iti j Ti]>rijii«ii ■ 

BitnLphida of nrboc^ C&, in m iiilplior^ii^id, tIrirtJjf 



I 




CO?ULVTED ACIDS. 



tfuwo ul ihci liillJT- TUn Unit IjuL^riimirtc] i^jpqluUMl nulpliurcmA n^iila vn 
ihoavhU dutKivnfKil hy Knlh^ (^fimp- IL, ^4'r» 31U; tli^y np? n^Hcit bjr 

iTifipAiiria a^^ti furuin lln* jf'''''^**''''' urn"''"' «f tfojjulittuJ mfiiJii, If tli* 
nPiiuJirvK lijilniTJirlnnn mt rcilntllii ^UIh. h iv nnPitiPjiry to Jiriri^; fiiiulDg 
Difof fitnu], ar the i»rfL Yi»]>itur nf nnljjdrvi]* rmlphnnn ic\A, id rojiUvt 
trith t\tcm, inj ibf fornmll"" fif mlji*r r'rpnkEtfd *u{|flLnno a'-iA*. oouiui^u 
okl if vknut ID butter b'liii'tvit, In fikinu< i'qxu u yuullo !iuat if ivtfuiixij 
la diial&in tba Mdtiuii. It Llii> aoM liuunt (ro l^un <lilitl«il niEU wnlor. 

■nil irhicb thft iiDiilt«rwI pjrtion of iba Jtuli^buria ikclJ fomii iritJi t1iri'r> 
1iMr<'% fviiiiiinn "n tl>r flltQCi ami thv fcilL «f tliv ci^puIi>tiT<J a^M ih fifuml 
alii«lvc-t ilk tli4 AluvlA 

In tba fulloHlnv Uthits oT lKi> copulnfcil ditlpliuri^ b'jji, tbuito irlirdi 
contAin n liydntoLtlioii for iliuir fo^uIil, urv pluctJ Ur>li tlion follow ilia 
■oiilfl tthii-ii fciUiiiEi un ciy^euateU UtkL uoL miiil capuU. AJI tliMHi rnfiii- 
Ul<?il iutjiIa nrn En»nr>bvici, if ilicy [Miiitaia I Al, of tbu unj'Dlik In ^ AT, 
frulpliDrii* acMkJ {U + 3 — 1:=!), but biltoua if ilia rjijnj>li(y i>f iKJi|}i|iuria 
HCiu uuioiiD(« (ir t k(DinD (Of S— f ^ 1^ t1ip-n l-|-3— !=-/)« Iboii fulluw 
tbo dciilf cudUiDJiitf ] At. of a mDao^^.«lo organic »cid U S At, lulplmric 
Aoid, tfLkli :ita dl blbiLBii; (I +'i-*l±:2]- Liutlj*. ■nlp1;»ueduic a<'iil 
eatitaiiia I Al. at hi-niiniiM' aii^'cim*] ui^iJ wiLb ^ At. jnakpburie luihl, imiJ 
iiliDiild, r.}>crnfnmH rirnunlin/r to Cicrl^irdl's Inw, Iid tnrbnsin [3-^-3— I si A)', 
■nil v> it ofltunllv u id moat «f \ti tnht*t but m tbafoft'l'fuU It if tiauira- 

Tbfl folluwin/i; aoiitilBj, uuitcU fvilfa S AL enlpburio bdd, yidld thu 



» 



<r\i- 



HfnuLii 

Ll>bvi«» or TdIbo] 

Nll|<]llll4)]ll 

|i4']l|{ti-tlgr 
lifcilii 
PTi4*nnai Arid 

Akobol 

AwOh.' icid 
Brvirtir vU 



aii]|ibalMh>(Tlki totd. 
Gulj^ttLmiinniiti: nM. 

Su^lVHUIJillCtlAJIO Hi(d, 

SnlpluwjmtfdQ *mX 

Siil|]ilni1il{i>lifi ai4d. 
SulpbtaAtlhEr »M. 

S4T|l1l'lnM'1>i)'l]p «rfil, 
(ulphitttnk' uliU 
!?j|j'l4-iPity1ii hi"|, 

S>il|'1ii'tbit1i<7 )te"\, 

8m l|'hpii!(n ntHkto aindi 



TUo funnalA< of tbmio i^opalni^ iui<b* nnd th^lr nlu u« m followt : 



»«• 



A£ld, 

ClI-SpUSO* 



^T|11lllLk^ wlL 



TtPtS- 






KOi,9>tl>^«lO' 



Awordinclo^ 



HO.6O*tCV||'0LaO" 



iVflFfVc ffKJ formi copiiUl«rJ hcicEi only with jIItWPoI Hid kotib. 
I^iibIdt C>U"N0<; NJtrnloDdo wJ r C"ir"X0\XO': Ita «l» : 

rlL (tj Thfti true lauu^iLnjijc ■'■;■]<■, Hkii ujliid 4«iit, Ja nut furn* nifalalfl 
iMndfl: mid [::) Thit 1 At. uf il imutml U-Ay Eiiiitnl w:li 1 AL if fe 
laamDhbiD wii^ moat {itTU\ n Pvnttai cninpfldDii [D f^ l^1=l>k. 

Th» oamTWUiid* of I At.fftycooo] with I At mlphurir. hrdrv^laik 
■n<1 boitjupfpi AclJ uc tlkowlH BumubfuJe oo^ulalol tcH* Tbe ^k* «f 
tliotc fH^i^uljAF tuuuliitwl add* may Lc ut.ni^wfuE nltb DJUal* «r ofltf 
Imtfgquiii 101(4 w'lioli ]iav4< tnlcrtn uji oitu nr luam Htviu «f wi frsai i 



Copnlu^d Orguiic A^I'Ik- 



may id 



^,*j ■» nil prvrbalfiiitT Uq nsirJad hm liibvif. Tlifl only vxr^fckai tB 
411^1 thni nf uiptip «■<[ wJUi hJtl^r oIiKODr] nil ka Diftndalio arjX !■ aflil 

.ju^scptcma 



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WLtU TWfaWc aoJ Jt^Hvmii: acid {whivh irt iiQinvrio)' 










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Willi 3ifiiti< ud OkoniHbKc it«T«cl. 















Ic ptakAti ilirta jiainE' vf oxtaplioii,- iEiiumui-'h lu rl k4 iLicnicilnLtic, — ^ 



Jim. Chuk AS, U4. 



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IKKT. BtpoalrtotUioti, Ann. Cj^ha. G3, fid,— Action «f fivJjdaffeidt 
Jun, dm, Phffi. n,'., 113; ^WV. jt. Ctf^t. ia»«U. ^ 

CuBTnnrrt. Anrt. CUmr. H8. ^ifi^ iili'i >V^, II, 1:10^ •In J, Tr, H t. V 

J'Af!. S, 0:/!J,— JnQ CAiFTi, Pkyt. lfl.a37;mbier.i'.7V.e, 1, MS.— 
Jn*.. r4i», ny*. VSj 37 mI SOB. 

BaACOVKOT. Ann. (J/tm.Da,y2S: oAvt A. Tr- 3A> S, SUT. 
SAUWhB.^AciiilYi'it cF Kitli^ Jhil CAii^i, i*^. IS, 3M; bIw 3i^ 

BorPsr-^AotioQ of Jlypiikllrin AriJ on Oilh Jim^ CAibi- /^|Ft. A^ IW- 

LKtAME. .iNff. C^tm, y%«. 5A, k09. ■ 

Pmu>VE4 ^ UouniiT, ^nn. CA<«. /'^Qyi, $0, 43; oW ^. £%^ bM II. ^ 

Scu?itiii>En.— OiidntLnn af llio TttlHlkto DLitillntloii-pTDJiiala cJ Fhl 
Jnt^ CA. /-A-^FBi. 7(^ I07i fclmtr. JahrtdHtr. L- * ff- tfcl*. WJt 
Chfm.6<a. IS 19, 334. 
knipina.— Adiuu uf rirjHrlHbteJ aUeuuoq FttlL •/. ^. G%<m, A 

lAciibit. — }t<<hiivinur nf Kilted OHn utllt Birbntnmlo «if PntMb vJ 
.Siilpliitrif- AriiL ^vm, fharuK- 7^, )T)n; &1^Lr. •/uArolcr. L.^K^ 
l«AO, 4U4>, 
DirrrT.— Ua ccrtAJD lAOTDcrio tiaiiBforniaiflu of FbMl Oft^ik Al^<^ 
J. d, 1»7. 

S-ittvry^ Till* bmn 5*jiJ wu anHlnhlly HjiplicJ Id «1) 






nnujf H mirinHDonL fUtin uii |iu|wri ct uru (^uuvi'rfoJ iuto .»- |-*«_ -^ 

hunt,— ^wliicli rti([iiru u. «rnrii^ hunt to mnko tham IhjiI, mnd Ihq dkv 
ov4>r in u ttnta of contplpt^. or nivirljr cwmiplffta doco myuiJliu it, Wl» 
vrilh n (iriirhr Ikims ilopiuiiin^ littliy or nfi •oot.^^sd an idmIqM* h 
vnTpr, hill foluMo in ikWIkcil jind Ici ctttflT. Tbo Ra»1Db ^PptV ^ b>* 
bccTi Ac^ubjntoil i^iili tLe pro|iiiriiiJi>D of ««p from niftuj or iheao fcMlf 
tPBttliDf Lhaia mill lujuodUr uLknlip, barlsf dHivoJ tliurr Wua»U>dfa titm 
tlvi GcrDLnna or ft?m iha Ubub. 

VaitL h-iitci dWiLlitil, nnHLiiiliiijE (ci iTipiP tariou dcif ro« af fiMAiAV- 
UibD X^^/mW ^on '>r ^.iff^ OU4, Sapremad OOt, or KdkJ OH*, vbxi 
MO^in^ o# tlipy i)ry up or rtmiiln ffPfMf ahsd nned I* ihf ■*« 
thm lnyi-r«, ivvr« Bitlrrivtdi^'J jiUu Ihyin^ Oil^ onJ /^"n-tirjria^ 00$^ 
ftuJ ]q1i> .Solid P'ltft^ tucU \it tAL>l, laJJuh', VKX, apDniu«.'l^. rhoLvCai^ftlk 

Clicrmul, tk vliutu fuuiiAaiMiujii iqtrtiJMiviioijj wa uv i»Jal4»| tur lli 
j^rvdlcir pari of our Lftoi'Mflii^ uf E|ii» nnlijriff, ^liowKd, nt^H j at l^aMr 
liniii wifh DrriviinimE. ilml tuifi. ha tliry riorur in noiuTr, urn br tbt Wt^ 
pVt, mulrircf <pr rnmbiTLittnit^ ii fhtt'cnaX ilnijiln ht\ «.^, of «U% 
■dMrhn i^ud inar^rln, b ^irlrJilv prt^portloiu. tLc foniltlcsf* U»J IWW- 
lily of iIjO riiiiTuta viryiii^/ ntcuniiiii-^j, !!• •Ui>*rt*tt towvovcr. AM 
CDrUin t'il3 {uuik'iiiKtuifinlilu falji), itt>llltrr iIuboItc uur undArfn haj «lhtf 
chuijpi wlimi Irf]'i1c»i wit]i nL^Eiruiiiri qlkalJA, whnmu miivt «f thcH ha^im 
fiimi RAiB with iu|EiKimiiH]kb]i* hlid witlj WFdiiii hr^Tj- imIiJUc <Ti*t ; 
that, ia uiia pr«c«i of BpoDLdcaiiun. tbo fuU do nol MubiM t* IkM 



il ibil* »Uli th» nrfcfiliB, but Ihivt— B* iJmndy «milATiHi |lTlP^Jlbb \iy 
_ jfiuionU <if tiefiealo {'Jpatfvia, 1, IS*; 2* 175-1"') nuA df Pnnuj 

£iii»». "CAim- fl3, S»)— lUoy *re tho»by r«ulrad inio Iwo prortorbi, fin., 
nt. ■ filEj JLaiil, <ffbii!lt iminlfiiiw witb Um Btkiili %ad htraa tho losp, 
and dilTnm in lU fwiinp<^iiiti'jD imnonlin^ to Ifm nnUira of tin fUn^-^Dil 
vnomllv. in iniukt <«nAr". i\tt* iniiMtittiiiy c^IKtI Gfyr'"i^y wMcTi SdbiHlo 
«bt*tiiG«l I17 trt^AClni; fiK«<l aiU with Ind-oit^lr mrtd wnii-r. Up dlinwihl 
tl^Kt lliQ miuuf ihtt wDifchlAaf tbMe l»i> prDcLucu. In tlieJr nirnciii itntn 
of ilr/niu«, E-iErnai|ji ihut nF tka fiit diuijJoyuO. rkiiJ c<iiiidi|iiDDlty tlint 
hyitmjfiin ntul i>i_v|ciin fntni tdn witliir iiiuhI, fiki'ifi'n rviilrt1mU<» lu D>iiiiil 
lli)tnbi*rM nl nljiinn, In thn fnrmn-lloh i>r ihy |iiMilii{il, ; wrir>iJi^n hit nutiuluiiuJ 
iLni ihwo trtpiiuillaMv fdu aro haI phmnry '>r^nio flomponoJji, Imt -ub- 
^Utocri rLaalutr'rUB tw tlid iMlicirs ijf lIiq tliird i>]iui, \Ij^, (^olaJ>«1lD1l■ ui 
t)iii(iiii fully iu:iJa <viOi iflyi'uriu, mi"(« » 4:itrLuiu i|ti]iiility (jf llOj jiul 
m« <HUiirH iif flin tliird i?|jt4- im' (ii>irL|ir»iiii(U ut nUiihtA uiih i>xjr'j;uii iwjiji 
tn'niu A i^rwiii iiumLtity -( HO. 

iTip ^VrTiFwfli-, W"/^r/ J'M te. tnnfi. y^i/i. ft c/ittm. i'^l'K. JnlT. '^^ ['■"nliin* liir ful- 
lorLnfl remnrfct h^ Hilijuj-: " td IfKtrrIt <l" ttirpi proi ^HuAfU jmr M, ClrrrfHl f^i 
ti'fltir/rd Irf pvU s\niiH mAiirmtt/iir, m AHgirfrrr', wiwm itoil*^ M^ (^nHJJn i'ullil^e 
fiarH/uIlfT'inrmr. ff TniilBrt Irt tinwvtUrt it unnit'YIfffll nAlmnbi* MCgitfUfT w'Ait'r'mf 
irmr l ■ rcirf't r^ qonlrAf^ifn/ I uccitil faiwalilr litf t/ltmliln /fomfoU. tt ttt prv^ibt* 
fiV cttte ttl^r^f t^tjixi )}ttr lira rallt'tmtwrki A^mdi"mii^ wl ffl itfcmtrtrlr til Sfrtunirf 
■f fAt rruMi lai frir itappHi." WhnHcr hjki abwnid fha iDUnirr \n whkh, fn>Fa 
iLa jiubtJaELDn uE ^id Hcohil 'i]LE|i>n of (bin /fAirifr vA OVV^V 1 TiA'b h:knuirlcO([PiE Lbl 
tniEh and nhlt^ of ('hinvul^t ihrar^ui ami llHClinmii, Vul uvn ;vrliBp* uptALnnl anit 
ibaf t4]jhl irL*iD mora EVUy (fLitii IkM bwn duiw in naf FV'nrli povk, will nvrtilnlf uk 
Hllb uLduUliaiaEil, fditl can lotP Uil M. )^l^i in tnJuljc* (n Uv* tifplJ ■JxlumiLiw 
Jaiir ^uowd- 

tn iMvuTilaiLCO with tho iarouitJintiEini of CUovrvuli whWh lia^ ibco 
b«pii cmiflnnciL tml »itoiiiIii<), tbo7amilj of Iho Fai« liu boon brokaii upj 
And ilA momboto ni'rriii;i;uil iu?uuri]iii^ U> tliuir i^liouiiok! rjaluraj u fuUuwi: 

1. UTWt}rm^vi^€ Fola. Tliuji* mliKliUiL^cit riimuiii TNirfoctly nuiJtvrud 
«v*n iftttr li'h>{ 1i4>iHEi;f wilti JughDnUB p<il«4ti, AcnoriJMi^ In ihciir ouiji|io- 
flilinq, tlipy ItnLnn^ ptir'Jy I'* ibn liy>tivi«LrlKtii4p Bimh *4 I'l^roiUik) \n,ci\y lu 

2. Fait)/ a^$ or S^Kip-iKida. ObtbJQod ohJoAy bv Ltio np(jnifl<]ALiou 
«f BilH^ififlrvbli^ fnu Tlmy combiD* irUb nbaubJF* liuiiii, wiLbunt any 
fdrlb« *JdUji>iU nut] uo ooHiplAloly tejAruU'il iburufrihm lu LliL^ir r*i'jj{iiiiLl 
tImUs byiiruDgVTuoiilB; hMi«« (bdypn>|>oriy iH^Wy Vi tbir dAfji of ^ripinic 
KU1U4 ftddiiM in fkct mDluded tliuDm, A«oanlJuf lo Lliijlr ViDUknj;iH>int^ 
ibinr nuy be iliriiibl into fnfdf lAf ^<in^ neJiEi, luIttfiyrio^CiLprioaciil, 6ct^^ 
ftDd f\W /ftU^ 'Jc]£aEij •«3uiarifl, Mnrgntio, OWin eioM, &0h 

A. Sfiftattyfiible Faff. ThoiQ faU <T'^ not cuwbJiin in IKait natln «I>1a 
villi qllttliii; IjEil in <b»rLtiii^t wtlU iJkiiliH hfid wilb wntnr inn enb^u«lly 
hmvI^kI tntn n fitly ifcniil wbirli miituM with [^1f 1uihi\ Jind rnrm^ n nxpy 
«Jt, itn<l A n4-i;tml boilyn «birh. in mnnL fikf-n tjf tbi* kind, U gTycwrln, iut 
la Min?! at ccrin bad iiioniicuivti, ii a non-tnponlllbblo fitr SIhua rbd 
^bkHour t^r LbHB |ml-i]ii-utiuLicd Fuid In NipoiL^SeALigu hM nut yiil U^m 
cmnpklolv muilu duL Ihmr t'uujiiOnmtiiiij niiuit bn ilufiTrr^id tn tliii npi^oral 
put uf tbifi vrofk- 

Ib t1ii< pli^g «e ibidl tmiit ^-uni^rtilly of Lh"H MpQolfialjlD fuU ntiroli. 
Mr MipODlAmlitiD^ ftrc rvii^tic-l inlu u liLtly uoid lum glyairiii, and imiy 
lAafofgrtj bo JiititibiuuLict] by tUo tunu Gl^ttrida, 




nrvSt 






A4 *il«ftA 

!^i|>i>dy ta thii^n^— twhto^ J l i jpfyj), ifcot W i rft ,— 4tfc* 

[iUy wmtUt mnmmHa^ iW «J <*<-»>■ £% b lb* f»l (£^r« 

A« «U, w4 upJ kid, H4lr wImI a tlH cwtt^hr tlMWii. and M pM^ 

>nMF« hH li bft Wm m4» br r4i«m * <M2b, >»1 tj GtfMlirift 

I'^mU hte fpM* u fc> JiJMit of giMaii]**, TW Colloniu MVHtt* 
tW Ifcv n pyMJ Bo4* af rri^liia 1. A j«ll«v faA h laid lo bi* 
b; Ik* Mtie« of Htric arid «• woniw ft»ik, ll it vM 
rnnWK k««v*w, tlat IW te «ikMd ftMr fH««4 b tkc Bull, Ml BU 

•hC>1 Lf mii«f |«i« fbcia «iAh ailfrt w*^^ AwnlVf ti 

f^rnr'ii /^liTinr ilrrfcil it r*^ 1 i T — r liTf — jn'^^MTit 

Mb»i rt —»a,tfcm.fc>ag4w J Mii<Mia.— Tte* f*l w aliW4j k^m 
[lb tkt %htn wirJ viaal laUttBtMk CWrrv&l (Jh h /bw o/yw^Mi^ 
UM)ifca k ii tLflwMviMChfW MH^^nMKvic^iad Mt wil M 

A* ^ Ui^aUaiaol via hIhIu «r Wia lU tta^ h 
_ia]«lato*ilhpi^L n*afbaroK-U*«djialMt«al«U 
[ aoJ mW tW OB* ouatilj «r ^ tbtt C%-«Pr«l «btUE4>d tnm h I7 ak 
of aitn ■«4'^ B«wd« (.V. T". », I, :rT) It 
fttn^d «*«t d<l «l TlirW, ■b4 nrtttjimg ikr Caa 
[vkf4Ul.i«row«a1|4arHii»dl. ovrr l!*< -a^ ykifc. iilittkiU 
' rteti^WMvUwIkkMftk to Ibo baUott WlbatttB-A^WwHto 

/V^arvnbh Tl* fat ii lOfuiAW bj pnvtn fios iW -rojfibUt «i 

Mai tiMsf^ at Iko offdiavy uvprr*L«v^ jf it b« lagfiwlly M 

ua It a UttWr laaitvmafv ; oostt^M. btwrtt, Um hi to 

inwU bf anpW laiKa. — 3. TW iu b JmpoImj qbI (7 

>l *F <urr, vWtvafc* H Kf^rtfv^ BooMCiaica oa nnlia^ 

TiTif icatiad or «a htn^ adiri »ilh waljj. *ftj >« viWrvvlf vaAiJ 

Ih »«ivr.— Bu tW fill fcfcuiafi bjr pUL^t of ibf ■■ iiHthi-ij i^ ipar 

>r, a Brtton a/ wwrvl «i|iW IWU. vb»fk hbt W HfuhU^ (a ana 

•r r-uikntj. bj pm^^ 



I «l a laMbofalattt al vUeh toi ■ mhi lal At olhar &ni 

i. fcwa IfcA at—t Jfpa^aT iiihMitj JB ahofcri aj tdaa^lf 

iiy |k«B vicb Ikaa fi^fe&L 

iVflprrfuL la Ibv A^i^ iftiftis lb* bu an vblo^ tTiaifafiat, m 
I, Son* of iWb art rfyiUttHh nlbwi bar* a «ka^ ftiMf 
«WdA# r^i>^7> \Mwm^ O-m aaa •*4(i. Al a tm^a 
«r«JJ.ibf7u«I.MatM4llbUt; u a Iw 4<vm«. ■«*. or b* 
kfdtbf p«iBli tu(«r ^*<B fV 4«fvo«> aai mmo boiw *' ** ^ 

•N i ^ twmt a«tf*t4T tbg awfcbf joaat af a fal, a thia i^ tfW ^ 
4 vol to k tao aftlkf^ ft t miaati— > ib« imJu^ Ui •vehtrf hU 



■U pbtvd. lop(b« vl* ■ 



r,l»ahU«,aail tlttaaM* 



cLYcantDii. 



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tnbB liiain thut llie fnl ia inulli<J. II tli* wni^r ^o t(i<in lofl ti> o^jul, it 
will mfMrs vtliiJc fHMumu imjoijuu, nrn] fliiii JiitfUiiti' iEjd *uliJi^vi"tr })uirit. 
wbiob Hnvnlty li» 1 or it iff^rM* [wluw t1ul|]u^tltflgf)uinL f R''il 14*11 La i-hnr, 

<ul4 fll bulh dtiiIb lipfMre (minrriiinie it in II»p ^nt^r. — Hoirtli (^mi, 
J*harm. ttOn 5^1 ftlmiv^B 4 aiiJuU'^iilhrHiI Oipnnnmntor i'lUt \hv "mlm licvitpeil 
III' ur VU' &l>uve iti ini^Jiiii;; fiuliil; driLWi i( i>al; huMc Lt infnuL n 
windoxr or & J^mp, iu aorli a mftn(»fr thikC <t i(iii1.inrE Jma^ of ihfl lijjbl 
■ujr 14 fiprmnd ujian lUu ^liIIi : %tA wva'U ufl" ibo tvmpemtLirn U lh« 
Nicjnrnt wlitn ihn Juimfu t^rfniiii"- ■lull-— T lli]fl|_v iCKim. -Sn^r ^hj, ^, 
v.. flOUl ]«l(bP<iAit fiiii^l portion iif tlh* fnl m a Imtji fonn^J mX (!>« pufI of fi 

EuHV uf |j|Dltnuiii win ; tu^jicniU xl\t ^\tf, lo;fqLhep wltb it (hDruiuiaeCut, 
I trwet ; nviicii Um t«m|;cimltirD ^mAnrkWy. %aA tuui* it ufl" it thi 
■iDmnQl whvb tb* bead brnKHuiJH intiuipitrtmt. % 

FntA jq ihg lurlLod tUil4 iotm oulmiHut («r onrcLniihiuklty ;r'>'J*>^ii^b VC 
BTMiticli) vl^Qif] i>il4^ fTviiuy (<> lilt tfliipb, noil niakiii^ 1, |ai>piiioiionr *1aln 
vn F^pBf' 'i'he^ «F« noL vulutjlo wkthi/ut il?iM>ni|ii>«iitun. i}a\y lU vncUif 
iBHj GSrtiiii ItU be uJinuK wliQiUy diirilleiL witboul daouingiHUitJii. 
(Cnavmlp) Titba nm naiilnL to va^AtoU* euLuitTt, 'Xhey ueb ti]i)t]i>n>ii'» 
•nd hat* 4itlHir h milJ teat* or imid at nil. 

Fnni the rttiilM. not vat cnnifl^e^, Af r.b^^ inTrrtijiMlnH MAuM 
. H uppWB (bill p-ljTeridei iPf cofflpeuiKJs if I At,({^Mtltlh (M'O^ 
wilb % At, fif a lEinqiiiw'ii!. uf ■/ Ai. u( bjLiuio aoitl, ntnut ft HO- In 
Uiit vniflK nnirn i>f .lupuii wm, buwDvur, ottly i HO mQ bt Ui itHlnntPili 

All fnU hcWfin^ U* tbtii nUw arn rnH>]vnil by fiiihUirt H-11J1 nlkolft. 
moffuctk- iljk: uiMl.'- err Jctd'ori<ip, ilD^ly ii the 'loM, l>ut man >|fjicU7 
w1lb llit&iU uf Lull — Lbo |'mciiC4 0: ali*VTt« orftii btla^ iirjiDak^rmi — uu 
11j* ubc ImiiJ. iiiCu ^Iti-irriEJiip wtiidj fVEUjLtui iLiHulvfcl m Itio ima mU*Xn in 
Ihn VHlBirjr Iti^ur'], urtU uii Lbu vllmr, ioE'T n futl/ h"]il - or, if thi fit 
ku*]f coniii* nf u iiiiniHi-r of mijipjii Tut', inlo arv^m) fntly addt* vbioh 
iiait« nUL Eb« t^liHikblo \^^^^ cm|t]rF^ed, ^nd fnrnj n liJi it, awtntlrig 1« ku 
pfLLuiOi ujllitrr luaf'y mIu, Ht uitli poLaib ■ml lOiJn. uc inHilultlu iiil[«. 
hnting ibo iviutihlLMLcu nf i^lBtlrr, h* wiTb Ilio ofirtbv sitlmlm uid buity 
bitUllK mtJi^a- Tim ildcuiupin-iLiuii ii niUul ff<i^j4]nf/^i^«Dn- 

Th< <nprriiili<]iri(»ii nf ibr VHnmi' kitidM nf In-ivl ciiii] nnr't uki^* ptbM 
•nn irhi^u lIip Air ik o^iinpTriAlT nic^biilisl- If |i ntiL qltpitripil vri\\t for- 
niAlloif *ii i>rkrlHi)ik' <i' tk^i'iio (u^i'l, bir. lu llif< MpMiiifimtiiMi i^f )>*%" liinl, 
A Mirjbll qubDtrty uf ]ntriiA;on Itfi-tul^u'l IpriMMv iltrtvi"! frriiii jiinmal 
ITnpiimiiiit in tbw Janl). 100 pL«, uf boy'* lunl ilrEVJiWil *iih l(U |iLn. of 

Crtl&«b.>iy<]fiv|ji Biul 400 pu, of wtr<<r fctr tfn 'ijiv. %i a minjirmmTv 
Dt«f*n Tli' anii IMI ^ ira i^T^rtrEnd inln moLli'tr-liiiiMT npii unap, ibo 
tUthcj' liyii>r oi^nlJtJEii Irr'n iinUvLi, Inv'^tb**'' v<fa (vrbnnQti* fLU>t oopTaEo 
pf |-iU»Lf, ori r>j»fTiua priiUHjtlo i»it'l flyoL-rmc, Clii? hHip VHkrhlantt ntoiipnlflH 
Durgvllc. iLiiJ citato itl |-ulLbib, u inii^ll uuatiiity i>r ahiliIc of padub^ 
ftmi T*lli>* coloiirinu mjtLluf' TLu <;ikr1ruiiic kulil. xn'\ tbv ^ruhit jukrt 
of ibfi *D0titi (vicL. (ounil in Ibu aiot1ivi>Ii[»uo', wrd prnvittifly mn^ 
tUn^tl ^n tliii livilniLo >>( poU^h, wbinb bud ttixin piirmi>i{ by tlixilioL 
{111 , 13k. tli« rcifiMntn^f porEifii nf acetic opul. wMp<b wa4 vnTrDiiHly 
•miiJl, viiafed reaJy Ivrirml m thu Iferil, IftU pUi olliu^'t IjlhI aifiuDifldfl 

SlHjUfh, ivb'iub L41I ii4fl ^<vn pUflA*<J by tfcilial. iitrMi«il O'Ul Jifvfik1« 
bhryta; I'Lit pafl'J inptiuA<atii>n wilb poT*pU wbii<b f»4>i lm<it purlAf-i by 
&lc«buL,til«<l'l■JlLi^y of ikwtAtp ipf lnvrylAobtvnoil ■vmO'19. (0bcvR4^-^ 



■rtr, rifttea Ite Bap IwAcr I7 






WlT ivtvUea hsa;««feib*l,«4ftmtea hJatM vIM te 
w ' liw mal TlWiMa lk Trf fart^it—oftwwM^ Mtfalw; 

or I pl-BHuUi^ hniBifar ■ aiwiii h tile inifc IjL^ 
md ft t i THf Ort i — 1< |Mili t y ti «M«r. AMMpHw Uw te. t«4 ■■ 

lp«.«<lpib«A VMMb hvMfvr 1OT bMn -kb 1 pL a 1b4 »I< 
■bkc/nte, aak«BB«kkcWknl, vIm^U MtfMvbbltKfiiHiM 

fir> fti fijt™ Wl fi -mU n^ i j -d ■ ^itT ■rt ii m cft Ui< 
.^oiTtAftft wftlwwihmipiliJ M^ w ff i hwm i m — I nn I fai— 
jHA, bt4 **•• M«m«( nasi (CWnaL) 

fc l M ipJ ftWfti M «MMii> latM lftHataia«it4 b^. iM^fctM 

IWH ihFffc <iitf. ftaif ft^ r i ■■<<* ffrt pB >rt »4, il hairm glf m^ ■to 
mH «* «Mf»TiAftv flftlBWW Bftttvr, uJ ft tnM «r ■■ ft.^ >«Mli b 
iW «>«ir«ftiM Ut4 Ui »«MfvUl|w4j Ihu^ ftoJaMn. 
l4Wikj4/t4KBcy vhMBBV WeuiHticdbv«U«|«bA ll 
ft lb« *M Itf4 ii Wt ««7 ildwf* «p«lM t7 ■aftftoDift •! •■£' 

.MBOHBifc ftoJ hft ia ftMtlt far » jan; al » MwMMvn MiV If, 
FunMviik-sMftvktf wHk, •MlMi^paftrijr kaiv. ntobf^ 
vbco U^ti, i* tHftlir«4 uU i1m« \0^fm^ tkt k*«c*a «^ vbU m • 
ivalccjr b^wd ««ilfti*iBf Oil iiftliW ■■■mil mA iMftU -| — *^^ -* 
i«Im ft(»l ul djCHift Aii*4 vilk Mftifftiv Mhl mJjiIIiii iJiwi 
,»Biiftr. U«nJfloM«ilT, •aiv*-T*UBv M*>^ "^ * rirniii r 

ilan *f ■OMfMlfvi U -lU iftVHtK Mftnc«M4«, HJ«t«laci««^ 

I |< itf ki«V Iml bea»l ^A t M ftf bnrivM* «r M^i 1 
«itk >«i«r. It *l»<-t vhdijra|MHM; 1^ nilpHiAa fmtim vl 

jj^tk I H- ** MaitBaMi W M*h> tW (n miUh of HwnAa 
iMRtf HBf*d ftnJ n*CMtnM4 br «v»ai«ua«, lft« HaaMilifimM^ 
*Ah >bHl>. <A>rhM^wiawBiftfti i* fc«n4 >a U ft» fc— ■■h^» 
uf poUftk "kiiM tk« ■ H fcftgJHpiiJ MiHHft Ik* univ «f «bHii^ iI 
wki*c*tkirvUk(4|«rW.-irik*ki4U -f-oiM 



«f pfttaJk io a IV«(W ilftftJiaf vrtt BUIVJ, 



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01-V(KII1I>EF^ 



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itT}ta without, nu pi^iEittinn of oitIkitijo iviil lAk^^ p1nM till a oniMdmblo 

SuoAllly of loiip liu Wij f'jrijit<d. Wlitmoap u npoDfOo'l i)i Iho eld 
y flx^AiB of tiiCfUUL-arUuiiAtu uf puttvbj lliu [juuM, AfUr a wMfo^ dopMlta 
Ifii'uriiiiutLtn of uubifli' — 'Eli^nii nii'l IpiTiurtilt' uf jKitoiiJi, lioili^J Ivi AO Iioura 
firiLh ( iif lliLiif wi'ii'ht i>r Eunl imd wilh vmlJir, niijiuuify otuDt V |itir 
Mfll- of thu Inrcl. (ChavTi>til, J?MlAvA«it VilA,) 

A tiiDpIc fal, wlii^D laptiuiUcil, yiv\'U tflyocriu onJ onL; oacMJd; but 
if l\w ibt !■ n iitiitiini <ir Hvviirni FflvLwriilua, wlikti in U'Qikll/ tlifi oiwu 
irjtli biLtiiFul fjLt4, itncli of litvaB yiolifji eI" ^'wn |iLM!iillar rtciil; n^j (Iml fur 
«v«r]r vit\ \ieliSe^\ bj a ^Uj tiiirtmH*^ jl «orr«iipitailJpj; f»1 rriay bo nUJi- 
pdHd Elf (-tial tbtrrflifi, 

Thn i^rofinfeA wlfqiicd Uy Cbovnnl fvi BppsnLt1n,G tltCHC ililTflrvnt htr 

Su|i(ifiEp iliti mlTtun dDnUlnfi n nflrnbvr of ctypariJo*, tbo dHwnpo- 
■tttion uf vhiub yitUii b^h vdtktila uiilt, turJi hk vmltFintii^', bntjrrc. 
rttpiic, citpni*!, and Inrnin iif\u\ ; ihd fltfH.1 AriiUt rii<^li u ilvajjir, mju- 
enriiT^ AmiQlnli? nnid, to;*r(hor w[iIt ^-lyi>nr[ii. Sii|'p"*p, mnmfF*(ir, tint 
11 noln^nt ^eni)ii''iftu rtilnljin I'tutjivoil 'iympiinlllc'iitt'>rt i[\lo itlhnho wit] 
{nilFbtkon by riivvrvnl Tut imirt^rtc aL-id). iiuJ, lUvEciuJ of ^lycofia» fen 
unHLpuaiiiiulv Tut uulEi'd uilial. 100 imrla tS lliii iniitun' nn^ ili^^-uiti^ 
fuf 1 luutf liuTfl witb (iO |Kirta of p(>li*|i-hvJrilii n-iiJ 4f^U of *aWr. IJLI 
Ihc* irltc^K i» wiMniliiu], vr]4i*niiJiM>ti rlia urtovn-utitutiniimJ jn-'nU potuVmv 
*ilIi tli<i piiCifh, TJ>n lirpiiil ik iftMi iinfii^r<4kliirii,fchl nilh Nk-fU^rin "f fiini*- 
pbtirtfl in'i-li nrnl vi^rj tiointy lii^ari?<l <<ll llto iiiorv 'UpfI riflnl*, tn^H.b'^r 
wUh tbo ct^at, rliii u Lli« latfiii^u in iU« farm of an oLi; feliei wlticb 
Ito llquiit jf Wl io couK eLli oil tvinormd, 9tid WiuJi«4 witb «»1«r Id froe 
ilfrum tbduuiij bqii'ifl nhinh ni]hr<mt In it. 

I. Tltn iTiitlun? nf llir^ ^nifd ikoiilft nn-L f^tbij In ffi^iwlud wilh InryUi- 
wii|»r, IJIl tkv puikiU '>rpDlA.in<«il m tf uK b^lui'ihlpd wIiIl litfytii; tUii luiuiil 
i« ibcn pMUfcd olf^ tfic iiiu> iltinl. b<?Ued irUli febioliit« (Jcoliol n ctlior^ 
ail J EHEi^r^d. 

I, Thi^ fillrttii fm tivn|M»tntkD cTripotiU tliir t^liiL 

4. Thi- bnryrn-fjLllA inpnili^^do in nl^nlinl nr vlliitr Kin diw-imipnpnd by 

llwRb; Kp(irii1<rd, feto diV4oU<:d in poUili; the «o1utli>Ti crnporiM; lUo 
gTMMF pan uf tbp utuniD vf ruhtuli tfitmctud by Bbioiiito tUouhol, ka^ 
^ftniht A]HiiiU rvfiL^^itnif di' «if]i'r«Ui»h i»l [LtH« k«Jil* *lll bf |1hb «hf« w* don* u 
inal trf l]ii-»ki *|iH*iilJyn| 

II, Thr liigiiid uppirciW firptn Lh? flxod uid*. vrhi^h ia mixed vilh 
Ibo «Bilk-irali>( pTixcf-Lov (ram lliQ Int^r. oiid ixpnlnins tbo To!&ttla 
■^iilK 1"ut<llii*r wkIj M^yuvrin ami turlmlc ur pbnvpliiLlo uf potuTi) I* 
JialiJhNl. 

i. Thn diiiiHiiio tmiirjiBtd with butyla-wiitnTiHifl ctapumM. lfli*¥« 
raWun^rr, liKtymf, fiipmto. mprpali, und liin'ntf nf bHiyln. which 
i^usl hp wpiiFDtwl hy thotrdiffnrnnr. pinTiMiJty in tvnior,and ihfiiriiJfiVpaot 
|cc<dvitvy 10 ^^^y"TAlJlEP, (V^ Uirir itMp^) 

3^ Tho F04id«ii> "f llo> 'IntdlaTiun, cvbrHprntml (n drviivit in & buln, 
iTHlud wiLb ■Tihjhul uf pj>, yr, O'ftOO, wbii-1i l«fv* lliv gr«at«r part cf 

paUAb^All dudikjulvcl) uad %fiat Hltrutiriv aoif «T4por4tiDu. yi4hii> 
riynnrin^ wliinb timv bn fr<<nd fmiTi ihn ^■lnJLLndll^ i>f tim |wUi«U Try « 

titd feoUtJijiU ID uWilutc atvoliol) iidJ lUtmtioo, 

Tbv pruOuL'lj ubUiiwI by ^pvaiflnliuu ileuvuuL tSUit Cwm^ 



AM 



bnMi. Rrmtf lkfri«^a»>cia> Uak^lBd IB lb«bjpa(lKt*aJ^ 

bt fb^*****^- ^^"^ ''^ B|Hmfl«iuBh « OftalD qMattlQr vf wtot ii aMfi 
viUitr u » iftupLg or W iu flaiuiiii, to tbe nHliUnau «| the hi* • 
Vlto 1* fDtm Ibe ptwlHat of apMiifieMko, 

Hum Ifce glnwM» baw «# vid resrikVp V!id. nsvvrtlMlatf^ nil 
mU« vLcu mm Dp« ^ alkal?* «ad ^tl^r iiihalMir^ l^««t nnpcwiifa* 
BBj Iw nfvdtd ID tm £Ani»i n^ ^^|. Sitbot tbijr vt Jiiwl «■* 
biMt MM of arbob, binlrono, una *tjiBPTi, viA «lkiik« toJuo^ nfr 
gr^ kdli-itj lawuJfl hnXit lotlarv ibnd rlvnittU, b^ [irrltflmiM| 
■0ottr. 14 lakr up. on ili« od« hiAii, lililjtiurLkl ijOADUsiM «£ bjliiy 
ftod olfgM ftoa> On> vALcr, la Hu^k jiroporlioa «■ to aroJaai wi^ 
vbala^ i» lb« «tb«r bapJ. wtuin ^kniiiH* of lb* tbrw «I«mmIi 
rrrnait anifd la ladi prvp^jitiijii* w to fnnB C^^'vfidh^-S, Or, iW^ 
Dxridi* r^nivti vi^ln vij ^tjnnti m4jr fbhuM, HKiua OHiai« ^OMlil^ 
of bjdrwin i4id uTj^n jh tpfOAJ noiabHt of Muh. TIwt Bar !■ 
MMpaM with «bvt of tLv U^ dAH. whivb ^vuU of u ^mliif— J 
a» Mil aiialM a ccrlkiu i[iuAti]ir nf HO. Tit Ibv *i*ir Cbrtml 
(JSfdlfndbi^ 44t) riybUy^iM Ui^ pTfimnf* Tbv qiitddiieH sf cfv- 
cvro nil 41 bEljaeid wb^i fnrv tb« fljnMv, lKn\««i ■ft4**aiii 
a fcrv AH* onljti b«i tba nvATrbH of CbutTntI aoJ Leauia •P*a ilvrii 
rMikr >( proUila IM Ibu IM, bjr ukt^ up c At. IIO. w ml*«4 
ute flnana aai I At, -^ UbMcMavie add. Wd u<\ tlii rrfwih M 
braBMUiiU 1o tupped tk«i, wfi*Q tba bl^acid m iifiraib»*>r. 1 At 
ftlyricciu ^nrnapoDAi u 4 Al ofBTi4.Ka4, a«»Bidipdij-, tbw tb* fijnry* 
ar* <Ai>qlitc4 tfo^K*"^ ^ ^ Ak KljHfia vich t Al (id » UfawVp «t 
ktih 4 Ai <J ft mooUtlr bcU, «HifW « Al. HO, Tt k iiMulLilk 
fuv«i^ U-fei vbcm* t«lm of iLc ibiri chv Hv itaUnL boeaaia Aef 
OMiiD auly I Al of k iuiHQob*>ic wd la 1 At. of tIftMnil ««hiiMVt 
and »iH>laWd acM^ od ib* cvn^nrr, tr* uid, bacaan Ib*^ coattiit 
Al nf 4cid, acnrdiB^ lo OtrbkHi'i liv (|>. 7V1). t(io ^jamlat tf* 
bibfl ■ p'Qtrd eliui4«trj a^lbtttcb thvj coaUio « Al. of luMiulwiett^ 
Wbelhtr llkiji pnollkrily ran lo laliAMiaray i<ipUiwd by lb« fiftUr 
acid MUorc <if ibt^ ikU^b nitimg 11 [JiD hu^ •ad by tbo droaintl— i 
tbU Ibajmmi W kuppc«*d to cvaum tvxoaa uay atoiaaof ||0«tva 
1m fir|«talrd rrtim tbotti, maA Svr lbs w —i » it nauo ubd^aJaiL Al J 
Bimi*. ihtt diffioDltj bnd dvI twpd m to fvp|w, m (Tnibaidi 4i« 
'kbal Uw tfl^wndfi* mauia only T Al. of » M<Pi>ohMt> «v I Al •/« 
ibibavvBCiii •!■*«« 0HO; for, ia the Cnt pitc*. ibl* *«POuptHA dMitri 

J^B lb* DNlnl onditua «f tbo Uu^ inuinavb at il tuU jbbwb Ik 
vmoa of 'J ALnf add vilL i AL of ■ iHiuira] body; and, n<D*4X* *" 
MMtroiVTtfd by iIm ^iri<]uirri'Ai of lli^ tflytvtib fo tlin •oa^^nd. m4Mi^ 
Ibiiwl by bHaou i>u-L Chrrx^h^ ja Uie ^aponittnlinn of Ma. 

JOO ptiL of tttvia tUiU B pu. al flyvnii. >iri«i h f^r a* tinab 
pv tti, ud 0S'S8 pU. or alMri? ae'nL w*o driad u moth aa paaabla ^ 
af {no <4l>rr arid !■ prvdogad at tho vnifi lauir), [I**caafe<) 

Tbt ■aponiJlaa|ia&-«x|iarin?iitJi of Cbamviii acnv fir lb« naA pail 
wJlb Uiia nwilt. alLboun h* dhi not na* aiHpIv fata, bat — uiiwi ^ 
■to^UH luhwmria, u>l ol*iD ;^ fof av« hia aUaHn allU — laimd boM* 
iju^iEitkffut of ihu iPvn oibet Uta, ud lidUIariy vUb baa nv^xi* *^ 
lirnor tife *ir«ria, vbrti nixniJAtd* did BUI yUld pan •Mn 
,bm a miimro al ibtt U'jd viiii rmaSJi^r ^UBnLiltaa of a my arit aaJ 
lia^ I^B teJidifylng: paial «J ibd B^iUit btiof M aai^ Itfit^ 



b«lov tljii of ncTft vUBfic btij (fturEi 8S^ La TO'.) hb ibc qiuntilJ^ of 
nmgnric anil nlolc uid pT'^unl wual ^frvuluf' 

ppvfwlnf f-ili»I of 
lCii^|ie4. il'l^t OlfHrtii, kaip-HkiL Smb. LJ,p ai^Li] 4«Li|rtr«. 

£6««fi4i fiijui MutmHH. t-Q 9i'6 t^'t-n ,... iy 

— ■ IWf tniTL BH .. .„. flBI .... lUi'tf ,^,.„-.. flit" 

IIuA'i Ufd ,^,.„ Dd ^ >4 W ,_,_ lUa*(l& .^_... M" 

— ■ ^OwMte. A-fl „„.. S44 loan w-^' 

Ifaripirin frwB BllU» ^ M t7* lOW -. <T'Q' 

MuiiMiHiH» 0-0 Mft -.,-,- t04B M- 

1l<«'* Und ....„ „ in ., 9Vtt ,.„ IM-7B _— „^ *t' 

H«<iian Hu ,^,„„ UfiD ^, WH9 lU'M ,^ ». &1' 

oinn iMED iiofl'iiiH .- , O'O fi'D .-„ loa^a m. 

liuiiMpfrt „ tit ^_ 1130 ■-» IH-I w^- 

Tho FBtt oiiAH id uiuDwhut ipvatar tbin th4t tttioh tba cv|)ori- 
WEilI jJjowjh idiuiiiiicli rv llin pmjJHmiDD of tlw t»n HMaidatifli^ 
priiiurLa u nEwkVa 4]Li>iii[i<il witli a ritfirtin AJnotiiiL *it IttH. RwD if tbo 
■flidri lo <u]ij>niiel l<j rimt ro tlio fat in tbo \i^i:pLli?tiaillv iwhj'IrrtDff 
fftAl'% llmrv hiLt itill ruriiiiju au eii»ia iif blkfiit 1 ]pi-p ctfvl. ; Winh' tlio 

SiuiiLily uj IIU, hIiiljIj viiiuti lIiu piudiicl in ApoiiJItL'iilfHju, it [cf'-VLL'r ihiMi 
lAl wbicb ■■ T^iuin'J lo l>riii|[ tliu nuhp-cuiii ftum tbd Ij/ffjlfioLitnlIf 
ViTiplri>iii' ibiltt Ut tl»C in xrliinli it pxi*.Ef ivlum driml prrv. (ClwvrliiL) 

TIk following poinjKimlin? citciilaEicmJi ranikr it [kroTmlfli' lliikl ntrapln 
i# • «Di)irKiinflil uf I At- glycnruk with If At. i^f liitm^ip ■ttntK- b^iil 
(€^W*(^). p'invt « At. HO, Thf mlciiJuiioft nmlrr n 'm Im^rJ «n llii> 
WiEniption;^llmt unili^i- b jg irimUar. 4^i'pp|LnE tliut ^ntv ftllH iii<ii 
f|iHlii''iiM|^ -tikul ui>>li^r I' iii llliwito •Inrilnr, but i^Llh ilc^liinliitn *ti i>nLy 
4\U.i-. — uii4<t'r •(. (he KimpttiHiou of ilruriu it rulruliiEr'l h^oMing to 
CIcFliKrlt'i iiTTHjlti«« <'is-. [ful Rli^arJusl At, gljparm+a Al-mooiO- 

«. K ». _ j^ _ 

Clio CHO 17 no Clio 

134 ),14 U 130 134 14 130 13« 14 » M « 

«§• aaft «8« <»< 

MB 111 CO U3 li; ^n H? 113 Sfi rt9 M II 

e « C C' 14 t £ 

i» ia« It L4S iH 14 tii ia» IQ M ^ ■ 

Yn-in iliia thr* prnvDuntngfl f<niiipiiAir.ia(i of nt^prin niBy bn cnJciibLtcd >• 

A^^ft<LM^ ifj 4. AcvariliBf tu *> AnmMEncu '. 

t«C— tn>t ^ JH'N u»c.,„-- naa .... 7T« mc «» .■ ««l 

U41I_, U4 „„ 1I}0 ia6H_. IM „_ lS';i« UHII_ . LM ^ t2'M 
IJfO-.,.- *6 .... 5-8I I'O II* ,. IB'IU iJiO -12ft IMS 

fltawlq ,-^lOBj ,„.i«-OD Liott . rau'oo iiia..ioa'Oii 

»c ^ iva -. jjflo 

T«a ra „„ iw au 

flO .,„„„_,^. M .,„ KTIO 
»Bwla Ut ... lUO-UV 



ns 



Ttres, 



79-19 ..,^ siMm 
11-Tl ._, lS-» 



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SMEto .P,H^.^. lOO-M lOD-m ^__ HKi'OO — lOlHt 






>Vwi MdbvaMt- 
JSI* — :trH 
lilt — 1»^ 
ll'OS — 1141 



in rf, oMoriUua to Oithftrdfi hrpntJip*iii ^fnl*0'^, iti» «»»; (b* 
wd^t of AlyccrtiL, C'lJ^OV Fujiu tbw wo tnipy nfottUu b«» avA 
Ittwo IkcSil and ^lyCDriu 11)0 |af(j of ttptritt vouUt jl«U In lifnK 
cutiuEi. aj^'ur^liri^ iiH iTfl ruininiiitiUB wu lIiilI mdui4bc-t in u, A, r. «c ^ la 
a. r»r PXAibidi', wn -liaitld hkVH : 10H? : S . ,131 = 100 : OA^IA; tmi 

Tbo 4l«ui>f Loctmi 4nd Cbcrrt^ul ftfQ lilt^ir^aflndiiiNl. 









1. 

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IM'M 



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On MnlfHLtinp: tliaMuIcaUllmiHlilibfad «>p«rimaiU«t dalft, al npfivd 
tliiil QortiEwiir* v'titw* J, ijt baitmiBslblfl] uijiw* v^inJin^ Id iJiv 4l- 
r-iiiuLiori, aUvited ^hnuhJ yu\ii\ ii rfiiutiUty aS yl_vriirin Iwifinr tbab lajr lb* 
hv lH»(-n irMaJD's'd ftoni it, Th^^ lUr^tiry r ipTL*iiliK^ljltlp«tfKri:*<i<l, iSd A 
jnipr»j(jaMc|icr^nDU0OiMinFio«itiim of th«Bl4mlii;lb««bai«l^Hl^MiliB 
brlwcvii a ELoi 6, Tlia ihuuiF t nppcan kl IibiI to Ii*to lUt in ito 
fiiT<kiir — llinl (U« t>itunLky of ttOArifi uiJ oliUtiiMl lif Lwaaa ■*! 
C'Lo^f-jilI il^tuuh will] U liL^UiT tlmn wills u. Tf, liuwsvv, " Citv ffiv 
ci>]iA-ii!crBlioh TlinL ;i li>u c»f Htnntii- a^^id Im vnnvlj (4 W mTpflltj Ik lUa 
«k|eriuii-rit, nn ijknt Lh<^ i|iiiinL^Tr »HtiiJE]«i1 nUii^l nlb«r lo W in ibfM 
iIlatj h oio'««s b"! I'lA^ Tfonna (wbo cv^mitivd the punK 4«Hi) 
olilotrjc^l mlJipr Pinn ilrarjo uriiL uail focild l« in4itblf<, kocnrd^lt 
roloulaiiun ^^luij i/ wd funhnr coin|«r« Chwfvuri inU^Bii ol navii 
wirU EU fainpmiliup u* c^nlimltMd nocoplinp tfi a virl ^— vfl nitiM«vft«hlt 

iivn piufor<^i>iip1i>lhn]kT]wl1inicij>n, iKrjjr'Jtne taivltiiib ^HOvt hiu^m 
L 14 Imo iliat IIjii byf<nrh|i"t* d^^ nni t^iro wiili llifl nft r'i|ii<lrtl 
•Mlnja of Lli^lji^ ahh) IVIouro {j4n^. /'Whl Ijt, SU4X «MHdi^ l» 
vliidi itruriii dim uuL nfiilnEii mun^ (liiiii Tfi'fl |iaT «ail of &u4iiiid; h^bip 
them rli^nuiiEir ^i-et\ Ud tn fp^nl iFunm v it compuund vt > AL rteoW 
Kid (=2CII*(1') will] I Al. k-lvmrinrnmiu JlEO, ttr. wtiii^o«Bf«Mtb 
MJUfT Ihiiif. A* n cftiriy^iLiid "f /At. hvi'i>l1ir<tJi«]^y anhjilmBi lUvi^ a^y 
(sV(r<H«rrX «il1> I Al byT>^'Tlir>|;n^lU'4nh5di^'[i<irJyH-no(=CH*0\ 
k.iid 2 AC HO, Hul, nwurdiuj^ to lJd« liypu'tbraii, 100 |«rU cf ■>■■■ 
«biiii]d VEtrlil ordyn4'37 •imrie V-iJ HUd 7 E>0 nf vlyceriD, IdtUf ICI^ 
tirtf. 2, !li3] remark* ihul (Im jttwJtriii annlyfrnt ly IniuHlf n mnnfumiim 
intU r»liiqiin wli i>ni nui[p pnm; ithd thn kool/n* viu quhIv «Mb mMt 
of rcjpprr onlj. }ioph Ircioif th« oiuo. ono (mnnol 1>ql tritb tbal tWv <■« 
di«biijfiii<hi«l «Lon]jitA would npfiki Iholr ituilyili with pcrfevllTfa'l 
«(Hr)n: M the m»liUui]|iiljTl]tpu-lia|HnmDVOlh<0iitj wjighly gfcf Mm 
*hkl) pnvcuta Uio hjr|>adii>HB 4 from fwin^ r*n«(t%L 



GLVCERinES. 



337 



IT ArBliiieUct'* Bnftlnlit (^nn- Pkartit. 70, Z30) «Iidva tjiioEorl Kicim> lo 
hIiow lliat lHM:*f4ir«FJii linn ihiy PWTip'v-ilion n; vlHr. 1 At. ^jlyccfin +<* At- 
biUuk rtojiric Aoiil^HilO, jinU muEtnn-vLri^Li'in llio MmpiMiLiin n; tj«^ 
I Al. cl^n'*nn + :! At, bU>iuip hVufJii *-.iiI — *IIO< Thmo nsiuliH Luvo 
Ix^on dif^u'woij >iy [.imn'iU A Ovrliiinlt \V\imfli, io^iuuelt^ )SiO. &4&), who 
uw n^kcii"! nUAnc w.-\A lU iiiurci4:rii' jn^jl |iiilyi]iiM'jii} with iTiUTifnri'! u^iit, 
ikui] ibunirurc fkaiigii ?<> iL i\\*.- fnirujiilb U^Jl^O', With tL^i farmuli foj 
ttciktic liv'i'}. ilii-y cumiJci' lii^aribKilii ii* a vumimun-i of I Al, ^lyn'irin 
+ 2 Ai,-t««lc;iwi<I"rfHO=Cl!"O"-T.irC'*a''O'-HFT0=(7*l|-O' ^*lnoL 
fnrirbi]1ik niH|ijtriTii Tl^'^ |>. o. uihrbnn ami t'J'l liy^l'rpaaii), miit iiLaLLou- 
t1<^t.ni> M a ompouml uf I Ac glytcria-fS At, aleaficT ivtiL ■< Ol{0= 
C**ll"'{r (which naniRB TO'S p. o. OUboo aad \tl li^iJfuffen) fviiL 
JaJhTttiHr. iB*it. 341). 

Id rtfilr*!* ti ni&ko thlFi iH^riiFinnvtivD piihiiiinHl&DD u eituiudvc u 
wiHi1«, tKn oilirT fttti whf^h baTo h«cn iriiinl mlnaivlv exunfiud, VK 
Wt^wlie fflloulatod h ilia aine mnnnet a4 iboro, ncaonlby (o 4 im^l £; 
AoA b tlia cjkdo oT t^Imitiu oi^iiL, lilcH-lan iiroonliii^ tn c, nncl tlio rrviults 
fHillo'^ELM] in ihii {vUiiwhig UiSiiuM. An tliwfi iplbor TnL^ yiald miuiLiliiuiiij 
ittU}'^ 4 At ikciil iiru i^JdnJ dh L At glyiwnn, iuliI \ (1, r»r 1 At 310 mb- 
itTKlo^t ff Lim the rcdiilt, ]» thcsQ r^nl^iitivEioDB, tho Oiimnaniltnn of Ibo 
■okpy uidi ia cifirMaDtl by ii\t fuJIowin^ fomnul^ Mhi^ric EiDiJ = 
C*K'K)*i — Oldie fcLiJ=(.''H**0'.— Liflgluit doid^C*'li-0';— Pulmilio 
iurM=C*H'0',-MYriBEbiM:ia = C-iP'0*;— Uuia.«iu'iran(a=3C"i!"0'. 
— ^Updi^flti^li iJiip-riniEn^y cBLlcukliQii rifa fni uro phi^^iJ tho innninkH i-f 
HCl'J find gtyrcriu whicb lOO jKirLa iif iL nutiid yifllil by npnuiAjHtiiaq, 



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yioldfili'lfl luuJ ftiut 9-a(F AljDuriii, (Cliuvroul.) 



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irBJ iSroir* wl ctth tiM of 1^ irlMico -Ur* tb« otrnfrn t Omd 

4110 fnm ilifi « Maiw i>r vid, Uiv fumvU <if muwiiL ftr asMfl*» viT 
tba ■BBpoufiovi of uralcin. ft tuUtaiiH niUJljr nl'Uinni b iWdl^^ 



ftfa HtuU^ wntun riv-jT-^iriEirO vr^hiu (bail that ethv BnoUtatfJ 
b DlUie rlhor, lo wliiflli wfl uiijb lij* foraitiU *C'H'O,C*0"- TW 

{dim. JMnnn. 4T. 13H), L]»i whcttu arrokta, vbn «r««0 «m Ijh 

t» npql4t'<a aklDf* or tha fLTCcfldM u liktwiM csrrvUnt*! Ijlli 

irtf. ul>»iLrviitii»n«: 

1 jirci oir cvboQjc nv'u\, m1 ^w\^b ^nvLgwdUi nap. (MbI*i 



i^nte. I. Ml.) In tkii ravtion the iiifl<w of OTVfM (l«4-mp«« Iho 
jpjcrrin-rwlnt; vhiI>A th^ maneaEonA airiU fiDmliinHi with tTja nmnnkrla 
vi4 ntt^o ii«Hi, {UtHiz A T'fK'inp. -i".., ffuirn. Ill, ao** )— Olid* oH-td 
4li:i?vti}iL wlrlr « )-lv«rirlc bL lOlt^^llO. vllbost any waUir, ^inJilii, 
BULoul ]u« 111 ni-ij,'\ii. a U-mi-jiuap iviTiiaiijin^ vi^ry Irltlo ^lyovnOj l>ut k 
iwry lu^ qEmnlEEjr of uTtikto cj Ifaii. Tli"! lu'i'im in'i*! it rlorlvod from 

oif QivlDmil io ilk^DLule BJnobol) tJio li^dd ^bjtXon op wiiJi *DXvr. uiJ Cbia 
|iip>i>hJ n»ii(iiro «M widfl^ 1^ aupiLrHlaii into a Hftl-'ry mi'l «ii n>1j Inyvr 
'i'hrl<dniCr,fl«u|HrtnloJataf lbs vifcUr-bfelb,^iv« ull'lry^nii'binrin;krHl,aail 
lMT«BiyaJbivtA|j "jnipH wiiich, *Urn Irtmlei wiliifllW. l«rc* jflywrio, 
■wtiilat Uw irb*rajk1 iDlutiim vii>M% on "TUfioFftLiDiE, uJly JrofH. fvniivtiliff 
&f a mtitan' of ib^* rnriipniinil 4>tknn <pf (lio iridi i<4uitninLii| m the eutor- 

btnnarflrttU tola a wiipoaDd of tLo iKinaai-nJwiih pifinr. {RirLiblc^Dr. 

Olmla I'f luiul ilipDjitflJ for 2i hi>ur« widi run-rrariu frum i^loi^U m 
tfnoi<4T-f^E, iliEf □lixUini ixiiii^' fn'r|i]DtLlty ATirtiHj iviid kupl a1 ft b^mpi^rjihlurv 
l]f<lUi>CTL luU Atii] 1 lU', iii:qiiirrN n mui-tk linnet iiiMinLBUmH, buOiUMi U pi 
«i>flnrtg-l into iDnravnlc vHeikd, ami f4iu«v4|ua>^v iht aviBrm i* rodUoad 
b^oleio. No)Ely»rLii b Ht frt«, (GubHittWi JToiIti. drcA. 10, AID,) 

Qlvt»ld(4 DiAv U diTiiM lato ihev nhJch ^ield ralaiilfi v^ida \iy 
m^aa^iMtjvn. n-o't iboH wbioli ylpU flivil vmii. 

la ibD fbUvwin^ tublo *n giTnu lb* mma luid cuni|twilion of Hvt mM 

KLdrH l>r tvh faEt bihJ, io far u tboy sm hno^u, eHb viollJii^ pumtd v' 



1. /"(Tjt (uAwA j/i^y VotatiU Aeatt, 



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SdTOnl cf th«M fitU UK net kiif>vTi in (h« t^nJU MAto; iMr 
'""mm iiBwraF^ infc^rivid frank thi fnmuiieni of tkfl<r folt3r MJib b ' 




Ab t]i«>o f«lH iLTp nni jM kunwii in tTir pim«tm4i% but Brettin^ 

iiv^ vritli «t r*k*i Bit o^niJ <^iiiLiiiity of oloirt, (bo fuLlctving obMrtaMdM 
I "mpectdliir thoiD limy "rilUr4\ Tlicv kR DMioh niOR ^uily tvaotrvJ [«to 
Ihdr OtmiCltDeut fllomoDti tlian tlio lau of Elio more 11x^4 itfidp^ Ob tawn 
Mponre b> tlifi Kir, Uioy^fniluR]]^ ifiva ulT ilinlr volkljT* nt-'id, fn.m w^jf4 
llit<^ -Ivrivv tUale '■dittir anil llttnr |Nm«<r of rihMoninjj lilmiin^ Uio ilcfn*- 
IHUiEinii i' THim c|iiiaLty ^iffii^itniE by hfilin^ vilb iritlnr ar vith br^filrl 
nJrolin), Oil uf rilhiif^ h^ DilcjnjC iip r,hf< fl^rvrto of iIhmc iihC*. I^Lr*-lK 
■rtt froo Ihu mlniiU void*. Tb«Q f^M m|ipCaT kltO I« ivponii/ 



k 



ZJfAirapw^hJM ^ <»f«r»ia wA^ yUid Fi^ dtU*. 

Dry Dit/iilatuiH. ToAo Ifo^iu lu Uuil ttL nbuui SOO".]]!!! TnUltHv b> 
utAtfi nf ■■Imiti'L AUtn|ili>lu ■lvduin[>iMitJL»i], llm h»itiiif iminE nf ihf- n«ilH 
eODtbiirLllj tifiiLg- Tlipy fianniat ihcirrfnrp bo utid In h«VB ^^ ix^ 
boUitig poJDU, At tho «mnionconi''r>i of ibv <li«litUt|(o. fcj oifc-gM^ 
altflant im cvbunio wi.\^t, an^ a «iuU <|QnDtlly oi arUwio khL ■■ 
•WDlrddj *l>il * ilitlllLbli.' i* ulitiilirrtl. lEiu nnttiru vf whipli rfau^p^ ■* lb> 
Uivtillbtioii goal UM- Thu diainiLLlQ ublaiiiivl nt ihn U|ptiijia^ qf lh» 

iirnnBH frmfUiu Ihn railtiwinB |>rui]iH^bi: 1- Part of lh« Mid vhich lb* 
■t muM y'lfH b iBiiHininpatiqii, *'t n ^imilur «i^Ld. Thorn tltmjAm jUAif 

mMh — 2. A^ruloiiJ, C'll'O', wliipti iin^^ikPt^ i'^ lW dinLiltMa iu Vitrwiy 

SLiqgcTitBTHlrv[iuIiiivuu<loaF. nijJ lu^ryhLMLaul, l^lI^\B[i|«tn||jrmllw 
VD tho doomprjffitiuTi nf tfl^cvrin,^^, A amitlJ 'lumiiiir ^^ u«ip fit 
vLicb, Bocorilinc to BTcll4uLrach«'« lUfpaLiei^ u fontiedfi^mjM^plUuU 
by tbeulliu nf «»Mr.— 4. OJty uliliilvi, iiinti h crouHto «v4 <iBaM^ 
— A. Nurnraviu hj^dnatrbonA, whioli ^'cacr-Uly •|i|>«r bi MBlite C mJ 
U Id e^Obl Diiml^onk f<f atonia^ hhik bi>jng u^ly, likv iMj|non«, cUfotn nd 
«Ihu«; otlmn aoZiil. tiku t^tiUIiu. — Ai tlia IidkI ii iy>iilJuiied. iW arU ^ 
tiUft^h-pr4>dui:i4 4liitiJuEfli.D.U([ (]ivCm^yrtiiniaUc4>)i« Jnata** ^a ^iHtAilj; 
4n (bht Kt IniJL'tli 4 lU^lJlnlu is fibiiiirLuil wLirk l^imk dnl rrddoB UtaBl 
nnd Frnm wbicb ■milicoiia poto^b ctEf^nl* imtbrni;.— Tbo nni4k( itt ifet 
ntgrt bcoomo^ L'tti'tiikiiiLtly ibii^krr^ twi^lU ii]', «ljar*y kn<L vbflift iha ntot 
tfMto* ■ u^rumuDolnjr ri>t hAl, b^tu elf ycllnir Tbinnin^ wLkh aolfiaf 
Ilk* cbry^iLB UF Duina labiTanco of like nftiun. From I to 4 pt* «•■<. M 
cbm-miii in lift bobjui!,— Oim pbrl vf tb4 ikvLJ rcuilufl wnlaimd ^Ib* b* 
ulHtiVtvfmD tbfin'mikiiiEbir Lbi^ '^utuilily uf }| tu> J O amwnr W < — >Brt 
il ialO iho ordinnrT villi. lut'l ni IbiU aUtu pdiw* oim. <4Mflj fet dM 
bMjIiialnf of Ihc ^Jiitiitiitmn. ru «n nil; liqiiLi] whirh i> moM lamm 
»1MifluoD noUoff; while tbo o^erpnrL of IboAcM mMt^L tvbicL hM 
gtrvn k|il]]vIID, pdHrao«or itl b tiibHMjQCrnt iluoof tliBdiUilladiiD* vl 
jwnunuEitlj' fluid miiluni nf t'urinii* IJvJr^ri^rirbuiih— t)n dUflUw U 
BnMd Hitb dWjfo quontrtjr of dnjr u brick-Jiut, vbutby Qi* nllUi^ 



J 



nkiniAlc j'TOilurrl topUbir [m aiwii-iin.! «iid mom anipyrauiniklia u»L 

Inroiiffh kii ifrrn iuhe %t ' low ml hr^t. nhorpljv *f 1^ ■nliiflrlaj tv k 
«ti«<0{-ir hour ilcLb in distil Uijpni, It y'lfhU KiiT n iihaTI f^iiaiiCilT ^if Eiquii 
fifgituK' uf ildAmpntir.Jnr^ l>nr ie tor tlji> moci fiLTt rrtdU^ inli^kmiilurii 
tif fhiH, «tM Otl^fA^ wUIcIl, uf ftti eiuo tJ^ni Aro c]t«-l for iDiimintr^urt, 
girc* onl tbv fEn&(e«i i^uaniiiy vf Ir^L m Lurning^ It » A mUton of 
4tlbonIa UiLiiJu, liyilEu;niTi» innnili-ifM, aliiffuril-ffiii^ Cw tjijioura of |wg 
tunii^uiuallH oiln (|>ri*lnil*ly HH' niid CH") nml U'limii C'=U',— Tii 

.S^fjfr r..?H^,Hif.'Trf*. P±u whidi »ni lii|iiid it llio raodiiim ifliunertlTiro &I 
Ihc tir, oliufb tii^i^^fi fn>in tLi« itir nl iIiIh Ic^mphmtnrn, tulLilril'iiitf. \a 

Mtfnuf cv^ritrrirfLUf]. — Kftt* £>f ibe iloorin 0(044 ]jnd«vfiH whnn pur*, nu |™r- 
ci^jfiil*I<i ;iIlriiiLt4>D ii itie ftlr, Lui ivliun, u [^tucriOl^ Ln]-|itii>. ilioy am 
■niE'<i1 mUt okly fdu, llicy uxhJliiE uLu^niUiiiJii iiruitBl iv tho hiLrr, 
KvTn iLt piinj kci^Jrl {oAf, xl tfijHipmi fiui Mrtua tLum ta Um air U tlioJr 

>'iii.y|cij|ri molowil in iKyicftni^ kViic^rb ibc ffn* varr ipikriTigly fcvlTm 
lirtt 4440 mnniliv; but ftficrn'iitdt rc/jibuupbqUy. ibr Al)«>r|>iiniijfiiiijr_on 
tot 4 yimit^ ikUot whirfi il tvatu*. |"irtly fur wftnl nf aiyjfMi. Ttip i^]<» 
4urln>; l^>4 oi^Uoo, gt«« ulF m^Ipuiiic uHil anii o^rbuErlun] L^ttf^i^D £fh* 
[i"! riorhH|ii ft uutlura -jf hyilrojffD ^-ith kinilliT ijuaiilitu'fl of iflDmh if« 
niid c4.rUmi<roi]iir|, lr> fear y^'ttm^ I n>lqiii» of ^frvinif ril *lj.'urlpi'<l iiJifni 
Iffil vnluiun of 0!iv;;:f<iit *Tk4 fVi^Uiirl ohimi 24 tL>TutDr' uf ctkr^ionic acid 
»ml 7 v(j1"jum of PiirliuiM'LU'iL livlfi'p'n , un.J I viilurui- i.f iiun-dririEif 
nil ithiiiirlitfi \W viil, oiyfarii unci jfHvo ulT ?.^ oik corbunii" •rtd Introllk^r 
wiUl S vr^r <nrliiirii[«<l hj(lnn«n- ^l3ail»ur^ /'■^jiy. "J5. 3«4.) 

Thf tliiakpmtid of tin? (itaJ t.ili U iotiniPU'ly '^ttnni.'fli'it ■tfilli t^ 
aWirpiton <rf (n^j^ink. hm tiki* Ab^i^rpLicn h|'Jj«ji to barv Uula t^ Jq 
«Ilb luri'Jiff Ehitcn niiitM. Tho Ibltcr clFKnt^jx^n in u<njiii|4ny UiO 
ftelrun wf lli{> utr uti L»f^ iiiiU4iw o( \hv "tW. i^hiirfly wIior lh*y Jiht aon- 
■*ii]iiiql«4 whit iiiJiLiikl oclluUf tiHUc. i-ieiuKiOh ^tdlfiO. hi"\ ^rlji'r prat4<iii> 
■alj«(«nfv>H fcljitU putrviy oti «ij»<uutfl Iti tin? n-if, ftn<l JOt m /cTnmU m 
^rm£in^ iW mU inln 4 HiitEa ^f mupiii ■In^iuiKiairii'ii- licnrf oJJi tdaj 
h<< prftrkfinl I'y Aj4j>rrrfi prmv*", 'i>.^ I'y fibiriu^ IifiIEEim HiiajriDtelj 
Allp'l wiMt ih^at in vmldr; hcopinE tli*^ tniir {at nomir li'rur« ut thn 
^liu^ hfMt ita>l olutjpj; \hti boLlW lk>;Mlv 'ianiaf llin [t|>j]|l4^lm]j uf lUu 
b«L Oil* tpii'^oniii muciil miirn i|iiiukly wficn oxpuiM lo buhr, i'i|h>TuiUy 
to fliiultiQr. thnn in lU- Jju-k (fmnp, Si'P, i?uW. ^'lc?rti. J, aO), Thnvllion 
b<rninp man- Ti«f iiJ, hIidom likn nirirunliui;^ and ^riuM h iK-'Utife) oionkuf 
vriDdplfl. one 01 ni»re Toltdlo n^id.*, ■iid I]ili wjiiir ul.'jJ uLicli ii pi^- 
3«t«4 tnffu iWi in fcijijuiO^allon, minr*bT ilirj lui-juirv ini "llVrnito 



and Itftto iurif for iliir* jnj> in a /jliuajuu not fipo-ad lo jiuiillahl, 
•ttorbt iibe ;:m*Ecr pari nf iho rnj^-*ri, iivip]*if]>r- l"*flfffTor, liHlff tr nft 
f«rlH>Qlo Mid, Ikphiuw ■liilo. tnd tm.)llii rrry niiH^l'l, iinminlio, itrnJ (oar, 
[f U Itf wuih^id EvjitiiLiiilly iviib HBLvr tbii Liquid ditiiJlpt. (bft nudd. 
■meUinff, acid djtlilla^u nuuratuJ wilh b*iya-*it« mid Julillcd afftln, 

TOL. TH, * 



IW MMwl jyOhto b Ml mK lot 
— 1 tkt a» pJMg «f ia^ pl an ^ 

Ml jIm td ihvftM ftililhliii^ jf<yt vf drv viA toftt, iit^rJ w^il ■ 

«Bl*«ri>( VMUtr, ibJ pH^pi »!■* <• ■■jpw>p «h*uae* bbI | m ■■Jib 
■rrl fFTfgtliWL WV:« ikB rurU We '■ kf4, «IWt Umw f^iv nM 

EtBffHbif TlA »0f* «f hm akin ; ti* iUrUt THkU, AO VttBanili^ i 
>«n MU.«llf vi^iH. b«ai *Lkk Uter «>« nuvcu m «»» 
^■Um «AM)Ut luiUr ; hJ bf Ik* wJ m U USUA viUi omi^ 
■bJ waltf!. a« ■«»« m w m t J . ul ika HiliJ baUcr ■fbemrdi Mri 
■atilTvf iiili ri fai-J^-al^nl o«1,aB>lB nvtilMil 

bdt aoi iianlw l» wynir^ •kd firty mUs iBfifliar vvluIW mi 
na4 >hA «flitiftato l« pto fcw tk# t m i J odsar; «Mo» mfttr*r>| t**^ 

|>^ a«B viA ««Mr b4 Mfwwli. dl lb* nfti4 u Ibm> n* 
M liiBfc Om iuuiac thnack bif«. nd nabn^ «tti vrfB 

[ IIM& <r Um* (P^HV* w4 LftUn^H. y. />te«, IT, 35n u4 aAs- 



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thAt villi Atj^ tUa *ilk *vm-4rjrtmg t^ 
« udafTtk vvjiiif 6e« ■ '«« kiv« to fcftf wcvL^ « 

■y|i'««UH; —J -h^ tfcr., A*., uv ■M'llT 
ifa<itBB4y«fa>4mi^J>»i !■■ i. ih^ Ifa brhHM«lv«to am 
m wdctaBfa*fBfr«i«MmeB*Uii$aH&ia<«cwp, Svaitov. 

/«nt. T. lU^ .^Inbr. in. 1, tl«; Kbtofr, Twto. iri^ A. fWj 
^■H of inlufebofl «i(k Ai*J «ik (MflMn^)— A onlwf «f aJftiiMi 



cx,YCTnTi>::j. 



S43 



ItniH^J'-iil, wLirli bul lifiDTi Lopl fur 4imi0 yMr>, ImrU f\nt vihtta boTnff 
fHiUtii'ittti [PhiL Ma^- J. 11, ^I^4}.^Tlii' I'-^'InliEf' rEi«Ei1i|ii Ti-fl kftct \\m 

?Tpn.pntifl[i of (Um o^iifrt pflfld f-ihiSit" ^iMinlanccmt rnnibn^Cfrpii (.tTijf, 
ftflr'ji. 7» l5Jii Doi«onnl» .ian. J. /*ALTt?i. y, ]ii3; H'. 191; Btmlu^cn-, 
y. ri**Mt. funf. S2, (TJV). — Tlin triiitimrru* of liiuip-di^'h* kojjt in ■» npnu 
woijiivn lir*x hiivc Ikii^fi kimwii (v Uikii Hn:. (Tlti'iitLnl, fWr/f?-^ tyiiiJL XO, 

BMarvl vhh txitloii mul tlill mriTi liniiHil oil. nil iN tijW urv H|iimr«^ 
ba thfr tfjiL'lifiO'a 'if 1 4if It Uiio, n nmoa pmi^M nf ]b<ci<il w\ nn-l ^rval lit-nt 
an periN-fjtitrlp Iti (Ld ifiovEum afti^r ttte Inwn of nn hrt;ir— TJion * tbtck 
MHUtfi— fLiktl, iftnr u-n lifmf mnl ■ liaJfH flic il<lM ciliiLH h lirf^lit r&i honl, 
vb»h OQutiQat^a till tlktt vil in oompTEiblr trumiid. (rduuftiEdvr, JVmrfrf* 

poinlj^ rcqiiin] a ilrDngn Lmt to iwt ihciLn uii £r« iliAb il# i:n:4iu<r 
auaibor of viJatib dUk* They Hum v\ih a vory tin^ht, irbitv tfnroo. 
HhifJi Jeputlv no anol, nnUvq tUv intpi^y vf nkr l>o tftiiillti'ii^i*!. — 'VUa 
iffiek ftvJiUlP* thu coiilIiliiIkui» iuiwEiiUi'ti lu lEie vil whkli rian iLmii^jb 
h eui nun rcaJUjr ba InufiLl lu iliu roinit-ititu'p n-'i^uiroj i'> h^t it uii 
£m (R4>i»<:ting lim iiiEiiru nf 3 cmmlli^^Umitii. imu/j- II . ^0.) Ii» rhe 
Arj^wH liiii;p, lEo onrmpE ttf ^Jn ix rtLruni^nr, niiL^ iJ>n ^.Uv >ii[h:iuT i> not 
eODJ|iol1fJ Ut rw w hinU. iti onWr tv rrL-olb^ ihit i|nriiiljr,j ;i fxyaru 
nnwtiary in bom kt^ hprtco liu npmfi ti iburccF but Dior? ^oiiceutmteJ: 
ftltd tti» pinidv iif aauL buiri^ bruu^bt tu n iltCn^sr hbilc b««C. f[vti oul 
a liriKbtior li|;liL But ibr p[.tti»n cf tiflit wliii^b mii -UlTiiifl itJMi^f 
llimiiifli llii) p|miip n^qtiirMl Ut Ih< Lnuniinncil i^ iilntiML wliully 4-j>]triiir><l 
to ibr cjiitfr MirfpM "f the cjliTiiIrr of oily v»porir viufh ri-i-N fpHini itic 
w^qIe; of Ihu vhlch i« pToJuccd Ln tlio iiiLdi&or. a conililptvlilp onmitly 
UliuU if, liiDQ, b^ u ■UEiutilflCipuitt'iiUtiurL a* in Ikiiiklcr'a M'ljillcil gua- 
buitp, tboiimurcnrruut 'rfiJtiDtu brn^liinJiil (bn'to^^ li'jwnvtv. kujrt ttnuj^ 
4hmmgb Ut I'Tuvnul Elinktirioif] Diid tho mitt-t nurni[i1 ■LmiiE^t^iLmAlH -o tbut 
tliuffrraiiir poriioD of llio oil tbntl >« buruc'i nti tlm oHimilp, b givon 
ijyAMity of uU may be jiutlv in pioJaw ft laucb gitaM <|U9iitiiy of 
II^bL 

that £ktii HQjorgo tiav cumlmiOnD Wow ibu tiHiipEfnilurD ^l h-ljjcli 
llurj tftk*iln», U >bown by tliv Toltowio^ i>1jj>BtvntiCEi« ; Whi^n ik lSi>-''l oil 
VT wu u iJftMd upoD ■ pi«o ft laetiU bnltfl to * (^mfMjntun macli 
bolov roJofM, «l4n roiTibuitlou tnko> pJkco> HcompknW by ;( pitoDliihr 
»Jmuf am] B loiiLirKifltlv porraiiljbla in LIlu iliirk, «niiJikity. wWn a i^iiiilln 
Latiuxila viuk hi:!! julumw villi tallDw,!* blawu uul m •>h'Ii a loiinit^r 
«« to iBava (liL^ WLiJi ibt ft boiLt l^lnw rvJDMk (CbnrU-j ^i WiUmma. J^tf. 
Anm, n, M; — /amp. nlto Drwtai>,']i« ckni WillMbinii, T . -J{)0»9ai,>— TdLow 
}i4iftt«d in JiD oj.ai» r|ionii iiLI k Ukoi An, iTibd btoito onl ud flunirBd 
iDlo oiy^it >^i, i.iufpbi LLUi damD o^h. fOniliuD, Elftnwnit ti/ 

Chii>nni\ Urimii"^ iind I'^Un^r- Llr'(irpiiijhi>ihi fntc by rnimbf >ub«lLl11' 

uniiojf nilt^i.- laciil Mti |!ro ta drying fiidy mfIi; a mutHTO of tbii 
wttb oil of witrii}! hi« fitir BTfrn to oleiii; bul lohd ffeU ar« but ' 
Ijr dMonmm'Kff'il hj fnniing nilrin lUiiL— Whflri fiU %rt llontBd for 
timn mill tl>LnUi nilrin v^il, l.bk^ p7i>Hiicit« nf dcnkinpiiflLii^ii irv tliP 
mo tbiil Hoijld \m* ftnrinod by (b^ 'i^lloo of nitrin uid ntL n ivVl-^Votv vil 




L 



« 1. 



su 



fOi MMV W lb* MicU kU - W Wo ««k fbirir vii art- fur « Julir 



*Hna b nrtMd at^c^ wIk-Ujt d« iW 

«l A« be b«ii( Ml tea, «e«Ml«aU(r ta ■ 



tbt MS faftL ha 

Oil ^rMvTath^b 

to — •-'" m^jhaw «»1 WlM HI «r TitfMt u T«a7 
iMttiM iilffci^ljniM »! «ka» the H^<c^ cf Ibo r.t 



J4l J wltinBH, Jl q 

•a «f TitfMt 



qT «kcfa 



■■■-' 1 ta IW^A^-C FMiia«biK»liUMdiMlff«iBl*W.— AH 

iWa «Ltfl4 * rrfcfaai 4tmomfmk^ Mt^ ifaa ikviB.— F. TW5 wh 

vm iMBMii; Wl l^wl btt kta wHfc h ■ vkrte |bAi- anli«i 

hiftkH kbai iBtMflfwvl*: Timimttd II Fmu ia iW lif^ 

. vlM« ihifw «■»!■ wi miifr ii>i^ «Mb M •iMana and. wiMt vtl 

thaJattfc w>4 «a^ atOiv *» M^hhatf^ Wite ko*r<rr. arUa^t 

[«U«Vl4fl «f aFBcaiA— U. rai« •!« vvdUt *iifc «a/i<-aj ufue abli 
I iMreiiilly with tk«* vltki «aaiB fc«t Knl* ayv*"^ «- :* - >>««k alK 
■■iin^ ■■■i>giij> *iiJ liaa*BBd kaI; tWr litaww lak* ap a ^hA 
^BBlitj«f aal^aWJ.-!. Mr-t fiud^nWl tf^nm^j tm ahM, 
«««A4firil, or ajn>^«K AmtnAt^ W gwiiai^ Ihijr m^ mtn vliAfe b 
" i> pt M iniii ai Aty f B>Mii ^cta m y M ; WoeoaWatorf 
•^U* la acBlial. a« ~ ' 



•ikauEnik 

m4 tW 




lb* <faB tT fan, ai v^l Bi arlA 






nlaafiatf ■ 
•iWrUOIai 



V/f 



ia a 4BpallM7 mU mJ bialH ift tba win fci^. 
hiw ft rfM l y tnaiparm at 5i' at SS". Hfaltotot tx a MianMlil 
ibUr laiptfatafit nttmm iit op^cv ii tWal 59^, aail f^ia *l tfr* 
ttS' AlUaCbWM«aria.Ub«U« 



walBr, 



pawaftal Al'— ir, »itb*a* fbiafiaj ito fai» (jja-. Mrr. 4rmi U^K 
tn; I'hmrm^ Cmtr, HMl ll«; AtfhL IMS^ |M; Jaif^jltr . UO, 



n^. 



IM Wr« W« Atn alaatily 
•f ibaM t-MBli (abaal M 'X 



r nhkk m dbtiafvkM I7 a fmrm^r vA-^ 
bN«a4 it mf lu al Oa tm|>«n«fln W ** 



"- 



GLYCEBIDES, S4A 

tan of iho second, solidifies; mella at the tfimperatnre of tha third 
(about 69°), aod then BDlidi ties nnljwhoD the temperature hHsfalleji belnw 
alt three^ Aftor BoUdifjiDj^ at this point, it may bo modo to melt agaia 
Bt tbo first, second, and third nidting poinLa renpectiv-elj, solidifying 
ma before, below all throe; and these chaDgos are producibfe in thie 
Bd{:«flaiorj to an; extent, nithont the slight^bt loaa or gbia of weight. 
Ab the fitearine approachea to pnrity (by repeated crWtnlliEation from 
«ther), the intemu between the first and second neltmg points dimin- 
ifihee ; hence it is probable that perfectly pure alfarin* {which had nerer 
yet been ohuJnedl would exhibit only two melting poiots, ^oae, namely, 
which are here called the first and third. 

The thr«« modlficatioiu aleo differ in density, the fint being lighter, 
the second and third heavier than water; at 15", the density of toe first la 
03SGT, of the second lOlOl, of the third 1-0178. TheH nnmhera 
apply to muttoD-Btearin otyslalliEed 32 times from etbor, and having its 
third melting point at 69-7'. 

Similar modificationa are exhihitad hj other glyeorides, Tie.j st^aria 
from beef'fat, a glycerin-fat from a kind of vegetable tallow (the history 
of which is not exactly known), palmitib and margarin. The fellowing 
table exhibits the melting paints of these fate : 



Soltd^fj/inff 




MStltmg ptivUt, 




pitinh- 


i}) 


(2) 


(3J 


Mutton-atdda -.-— -* 51-J' 


.. 52-0' 


.... u-zn .... 


6»r 




.. MO 


.... 63 .... 


6J'0 


finbBtuice from ifttble ImILjit 4&'0 


„ 45'0 


.... 6?0 ,,„ 


64 -l> 


FaltELiUa rmm p*liu-Dll -(^'D 


„ 460 


... 61 -7 ,.. 


ess 


Mv^riq from buEler 40'O 


. 40'S 


.... 51'0 ..., 


AZ'A 


Hirjuia {.'J from hanun iiX 43'^ 


. 44-2 


.„. 54'3 .... 


A6D 



The property of existing in two, if not three modifications, appears 
not to belong te any fatty Bubstancee excepting the glyceria-fats : at all 
events the acids derived from them do not poss^a it j neither is it ex- 
hibited by sieahc or oerotio etber, cerotijif eurotene^ Chioeoe w&x or 
paraffin, ^ 

* TbE pnnaL itcBiia irhlfh Dally abulDcd hid been crritillind H limei fntm 
rihrv, Bcd amoualnt to oaVj 6 ^JnmCa rmiD £ hilogTAoiDlU of tbe GEud« fU ; it lUJI, 
IhinTcr, ipptaral lo be not quirr pure ; for The nsLi^iiE id Lhe matticr'UqDLd differed in 
meldckK poinl bj %" tiQia UuE irbjch crjilaLlitcil oot. 



COMPOCXDS CONTAINIKG 2 AT. CAJIBOX- 



MrntTIEKS SEBtK 



A, P^rmrnr Si 



A. rnmmy Swtitmi. JfJIgM^CU' 



St»- Awt /Uv (ibt Iffife MMmt ii a«tiT«d ffDH -^tfr. n«, 
abl ^, 1*^/}, hI, ^ UH.— Ofaw^ in IK»1 W Danw niiJ |Mi|<i 
(Jq«. C«4*. i'kft. i^ fiX Uc »« ftfwniftj knvik. KrtDuU (<l— . 
Cik;». 7l»UT)4o«blc«U cuiir*n rf ikrikik»r, in—iDch — it ia M 

«UM tf til pf rilfitL 4 TW l»r»Dii<iH of ItdrtKO »n«> rf 
Mfwarl^iliav hikWi W #TMr«ni to jrtiUin<k|1f^.jBM m thMt^Oi 

J<f«^w«M. 0«AMu ^mfkWio n*1bjl-<«Wr, C*HVR<\ b 

Lcm; •»ltb*rwiWH|i*iiJWL ty^jhstitti ihab • bu^ i|uaiifjr 
of wAln, h\m lb* hjlndbrk acid ^a fnAmeoX tA ibt bom uw^ mA 
fma tbt ■adiMiMpa— d ptrtlna fif tba rtWr. lb* itmiAng W«^f omlaMad 
cill ila jw bvH iridioql fDraMJaa«f bj4f<x^l«vio ftoil --Aa « oct^ 
pWiJtn of charcoal b depodtad IqiIm mIp*. Ibt fu Iboa TlrlaliMil rawwl 






C-i 






«t> >-, 



U „.. ]«0 00 



»i«brfc«.«».. I 






Tti'r ^ffUM whan iBt dd in in Ihn hi' bam* «kb a jr«lln IUbiq ; 4 

fif I i IjflfBt In tb« dvCouiksc varlig&vtvr xHtb vnnaa vf qKjr;c*« JM 

MiDv ToLumoi of 0X7j^b ud vndan f tuIudiu «J cat^otuo mA. TIk 
} rut Ov±iii>u nnLbo wjtb 3 >ul. 0. FbrititJti; T vol CO* i uil lb« t fol 
H unilo fiUi ] vu], O 



ifl Uw tfaaJoi, bill combiiin wilij it in vuiuliiuc- (Dunua 






UETIITL. 



247 



MetlijL C*ri'=C»IJ%ril 

Ki*4m:la>Ti A KqIiIih, Chm-Soe. Qu,J. l.flO; Ann. /"AtfrM, C*, WJ, 
fOAHSt-^fri. CAfm^^oi:.Qn,J.$ti^7i Ann, Pf^rtrm.^i,^^^-, J^* Snn^ 

Thbcdmpniiivl witcflnt nhtnin"!! bv Kulbv in 11(411, by llt« ^[Mtrolj^ 

Wl JodEtfc i>f irjolltyL Tliv ;;a( w^koli rmubliirHl niil Kolljt? biiJ pruri' 
OUtly uIiluinniK Iri IHIf:. Iiy iloopjiriiPidlEkir I'ViLim^' ipf cLiiyL wtLli jv>lju*Euni. 
iui<! wLl^^ti IbdV it Bnl rLijArJiMl u* nitihyl, C^H\ in now cuNiiiilvnd Iiy 

mliitiim cif ncvUto u( jHpftiJili u fliLlpJrftpil t» tW ncdiTi of thd <lvoiric 
eiLnonl. a niAinlur of t^iw^up |>r«lm:U nro pvolvffl ; rin,, «rfcoiiiD wM, 
hrdrof PTt, en tuSaiDrpiAblc<)PrinH'ir0kij (fna, tiid t £rm«i*b]roh amAlln^fk^otliPr; 
lIiC Jut in i'urii|ili.'lj'l>' ftlH0'1iL>tt lpy inl|>lii4f lO twpj f^if ihti nuinfrr^L i|ijiiJt1Jty 
«f cilli»ri4ic <i( |P')tiLtr<iiEiJi kiu |hM:H.'lrl In llio FiilulJon, <T}|]uriiii.' 'pT RLi'llbyl ib 
^rmritjr Tln^ ]c)u«(>iipi mlilLiru lliiu uvipUpiL after Imhiif fn^il from crir* 
bonJf' Hfliii, I'riiiimiiftti in am^ i-xpariaE<mt, ici icu} vnhiEi>»« ^ T ri>\. ony- 
^rii, 03'*< by<3n>v<'i»j '^'^'^' mfthyi, 2-1 oii^l^ of iiimWL^ O'rt v^it.-klo u/ 
■noiliyl ; in udlIin viporhuoittt OC ^vl. hyilro/oii uforo oI'l^mMl tu 2A 
nvibyL If Iba loliiljuu vt uLi-tala i>r jhjIUu be Hlivi'E'jii bv n y-itr^tvi ilia< 
phnfin, »a tlial tbu )^riv cvulreil lit lb« Iwa piA^ m]t.y bih iv>jim<UL| 
HjPHnLatv-, niitbii]<^- but byiTmEfkn !■ n^olvihl nt tbif mi<;jiliv{i iiclr', wbilo 
■t Ibo fiiii"iiivo jpit^^ thcro i4 ^vdwil n irunmie niutiim, ivbirli, tfU^r 
Itc^i^ troftltql v1t7i i^dUiaU un^l vl^h >ul|iliurU ft?^J, Iou'm iki>tbi(if,- ^nl 
msUiyl uiiluil wUb n tEimli qiLiiiitity uf viiUv uf uigtbyl- (ICvIbv,) Tlic 
docunipcfiUi^a iff <-i^irDH«'4 by tbu fuUuwiiijf v(|uaiic>u (cv™.^>. p. IT 1} < 

rjtiB uniT kuk'lui ;;kj, imoliililo to v-ntcr, pcid bum with Ik biulib 
fldwr, wHIrli ^LF"- but lillld li^bt. ALtutiu^ ilikiifli-*! «.ij pqueJ tdIuipk, 
■Jwirbni^ it witbuul rcviilna^ It i* uoC cli»oiY<ii] by •nljrUur'iD ncid nr 
by pcniUbJnnrJp] nf iLiilimmiy. (KiiUvi-) Tbnvi iirLifrtTli'M ^m likdiHaa 
prmriMi f bv tbf tiii oblrLtaril l>y dqniimjmtiii^ pyjinMn of othyl irilb 
{KPtoAimm; liciiru IvipJbf (;o&iiilcrr«Z lb? two iiJi-fltJaal. i'ruuklLiiJ, hoir- 
Bvvfb M air«fly «b*i^ivD(l (p- !?£)< n^pinLi tbani at itiDhily iflE>junrLii ^ 
Mcdjl doH not iiqiHTfy nt — IM*. 

flC IV ,.- Btt C-wpow — % ... oetie 

M v« -... 3 „„ lu n-n* — — a „.. o-ti:9 



<?ii* ., 



.» u -„ 1^ 



Mrtlfjl-CM 



LU3D1» 



Tim ■lonfKj'of lb* (Ewobtainc'l frnifi ryaiiiile (-f fllbrl by POtuiiuin wo> 
ffliiud b> luiKiriiucbL l4 bo I OTA »Fruiklau4 A Kolbfl). (it t^mlALiisI ii 
IIitEo rif tbr hiuLviur viuriiiLr uf iha nyaal*}^). ILq tbuuryuf tba ^^ 
pri>du«il by t'pc iilcicltiilyiijf vt ai-ulio m^id iiuil Ijy tbtj wuliou of cjq<i un 
''xlirbi of nif^tbvb <l'>f4 ngt ti^pi-iir (o havti bcrii tl'ir^^ily Uvfnnniiit^r bm 
ibiL ofn iniiEuro of 20 vol, C0\ <I[^-J vol. mcLhylj nntf V? vol. vluW ul 
IHtbylfubbLJNud by <b;ct]'u1y«ja uf \HMiii: iKi'i). svUmU \>j ucC^rCV^XAjiiu. 



248 



VreniYLKSK: PIUMAHT VUCLElni Oli». 



■lioulJ l» 1 IDS, vroM tvubii l>7 oiporiinDni Ut W I'lTS. (Kalb<^ dim. 
Hoe Qn J. G, 18^.) [Fvi ilif tliwM««.uit re«jpvftfifiM"ifdU**«l^B« of »A|I 

Ud lb £itJH-4^Lir fillip riilLr^l'^ «iiL, ^|i I'l-lJl.) 

C-mjiour rnfiijim -r vol. 0, &.iiit 3 vi^l. If rf^^uin Ij ■»!- O), Had jKli* 

tf vt.l, rarbniiic ipitT jijiia, — 1 \*A. ehloriuQ no* 1 if<'L teplliyl y>*l^^ 

■a«t tho lUurj octiuu i« n«irl<d ty u^lnribD on jiq vquoj rcHtvQW 
fajJi'ltln of vilivl <jl»L;iini^i] liy (hn nnlJitn nf [HklUKiiinj on cvhni^U «f i 
tt ifl nirit rmJpulklft, lii««iov4'r, tliit iri l\it fomior nn^ (fin ulilvrii 
on nnlv hairihi> motliyl, y^aidcnj; & ujixi jft of methyl, ('*H', lijJrvrUani 

^Ib 1 At. CI. iiLUlJEiitiHl fi>r 1{: Lbu-, 

A mlitun of O'H* aaA C^llKl is tviJcntk tqainkl^Dt io comucliai' 
Lo C*1I>C1.— Wfc«D fl vul. ohkiniic iLTK iiiLiv'l with 1 vol. Hltlfjl. 1W 
|uu>|utl« an, id fnrl, V vul, llCl^ ni^i) I v<tL ur h ba* h**'inx 1^ 
lpu*(tiun C'I!K.*|. HirT nfh''" S ru|. dilorm^nrc in i tod »i<h I vrJ, brJMt 
af vthyl, 2 vuL hy<lciKblaric atv pm^luociil, ictfBlbflr tvilh ui vilr »|0J 
ItMlD^ ito KHiio irfr-iytilaBfl nnmym-iUi-n m r>JJl*l* rif|ujik C'UMTP- 
Ki^MHi i\ic*c ivaiiltq FraoLluid 0iim<tiiit4.'u iljdi tb? [wi> ir»4» mft^mvk 
IjoiknI, lJk' ijQ^ cUlaiii«| tiy t^m-Jvilmln:* ut iimtic Avul ur lij ibr trfrM 
of lioiT upijn iiMlida af ntt4hvl. th« ntlttir W the vtM>ii «f potowit^ ' 
D/fkniitw <>r vtbirl.— 4r« rmJly liiBi^tnnlT tlm nap (-ninj Um tnt laftal 
inolhylj C'll', *.uil iby hit^r, bjdfjJi' nf elijjl, C^H'.H. Tbe Uemt it 
iiJtuoMaii>eil wliJ'4 j4>ilti]v vi oLbyt u -LwDfik^flVtl, bu |if wa w *f nHf, 

a, aa«). 

Miftlty] iiitfti iiat ciiiri'tiun diri'i'lly rrhh nny irf ibn oTtfnMiuj Win 
Aci«prtijiif Ilk iJitfH nLiliiul'iLi-orVr JmivovfT, <t ii mpihff of ntoiWc flU^ 

ctjmlijpalion wilb iiiujty oil of ihvto. ThiUi JffiV'-fthar, ^j[|o', » ki 

tiiJo rp. I3l5i H'«of/^r^,^Jjo\iub7.1n1«df4Ut. W-Mi6*l|4« 

it ffprrik* ntrrmTpnnilinjr eoOipoamU. \S\ih l«ilia«. BlWDiikr. C\lt«"t 
KluuriTiL-, and CyaDofrcn, II fann* other* of tbo locooil dvii (^ IB*V 
M'Uh Nilr<jj.'i'ii, it (frv:t Trtntftliy!-imift vid T'lC' mwmtitgAum ; 'Mb 
Nlirj^^n itud Hydn>fi^n» MttAy&rmind nnd ^irrHM^daHiiu-, WtUi Z'"' 
U biFUiA i» A^ut[icpiLtid nulinh} nlfM £ifuvpwd>yf« f^'Jl'/n; vtib A*!*' 

hIb bo fiVDildcrvi a* eii>LiD;r hi r<uoifyjt, l''h\Aa=(t'^HYA«, •*! M 
]>. Tbru*nU ]Jiutrih«riw bwo. CH'i'=rCH')T. It utf4« aiba in *« 
juncE-iim trUTi mb'^r ur[wiin nJifKLi, \a mtny alhirrgoDHm 



VW'tA. CUfT ill' fnfiiiqiibjTi^ /«rt dtr SUmpfr, Ubci* t. 

s> aui; Mitit tyjB. .(Hit. ]ri>,% i, iio viJ jia^i 

V. 10, ATy— ifc».<r^fV4Af , t 00 nod IH«; mU« GdL S^SML ' 






H4B5II-CA(. 

Til- 8Ar§4Libii.— TKo gfv iilFliLin<>d ttton Al^^tltnt bnJ Hllior Ql a rod heat. 
J. Phyn Hi ^hi G'lti. I«0, !l«7- 

CiVft. SSp ifi- — Kti-'olrifiJitlun Ijv ibn <!« proJueeJ fruin wJ /***/, 

mUi A", TV. rt, ■?, JJ,1, 

/, 1807; alio £;i'Jft.3i 117, 

Uii43,oe,— C(fal'«M, />Ajr T^-onj. IKaO, 1 1; iil« ^n«. ^iM. /"Ajw, 10. 

«fl; alttlr, ,Y. TV, (I, 2, ilfl, 
DtTSia, Jm.. CRim. I'/igt. 79, B3; aIh Am. PUrm. Uti, HH; a\m> 

J.jff. Chnn. 19,310. 
0. 8[»iiop.--pEl^^E>*. A'. Hd. PhU. J- Sft. Ift3. 20, 301). 
Oniiusi. - PJi-gax, PhiL Mti^. J. ^», t^T- 

Martk-a'i'. J'-i-'jtu, ffan^ Iiipiinii'iifilr Air, Jlr'tty f'tijiibHitit!/: .fir; 
£rJntrn ir/tnnl'K't Lnji, SMtnpt'iat. Suiaj'Ju}^, Oritwixj'tM; fJa* dfm mara't,- 

^noiiniMl hy \'vl1a In i7'». ir ibc lorni ^ manb ^; alsu hy riiutky, 
Ouik«btiDk, UllIIutI) W. 1f<^r!ry, uii^l ottrDTh 

iSbtrrtfV. 1. Ed the ihikI of boA M ^anX-air {SutiLplai/t). Jl la 

forufJ ihDjT T7 iho iviiinfaviiiiti of wgauU tahttmDrt*, wnah u wvcJy 
HWu, itiJiI E'iti'^ ^vh'-n [li<i iLiud IN hiirTHO, tu^tTivr wjlIi % lur^ ((Liaulll/ 
itS attUiiivri V111 nri4[ n umal! <pi4irCJly nf nidttj^tir It \iar>* tttrt ravlnin 
corbphin [>vhl<i [W, llflJirv,) 

7, 1(1 tfonl'UjJciev, lu JUtiffj'ji or /Vr^.'Aii, vhero U mkot wkh Ui4 
uiF uf iIjc iiiiuu EuuJ fL»riiJ>: lilt i^ifiTLwivu tiiiiEurii» "^Ihl']! cpii Uitf iL|t]'tiXLV] 
uF ^1 ljLjij|k. if i]i>i xiiriviiinik^iL avilIi [>»»v't <vJrc-ifiLMiit (11 Ul^ 3.^^, mi 
UrrLliJo i<i|n(MiDiii; Fin Jittj^ {Fturty ^A*Mr/rn. St/ifiiffmJr W* 
/Vh ItTtmt «w ^Dfiiii). [n lIlpaii niinr^i^ ihi^ gu uplipnn tit \tc profit 
DoL by tba Hthon vi itniDu Iii-d1 upon iht c»li — iiiniuuelk u il if 
frum uftiiim? uirt* flni) j>iMiorally il»j fF^m "WlWiil uoa— but mtbi-r Ity 
A ilcTUiijjiijpitiuu uf llio I'tnl iriiliiCit by tbi* j^n-kiiift k/( HntuPb Aec'urtliii^ 
to W. Hpury, it urUu ftoin tlio d«uiii|kr:Bi1tun <p| wn(ur bjr eftrbuu ■■* 
folbtw*; 

4C ■■ 4HO - KOI -I C^<, 

P■^g4' rnml^ o^mEnini ai>7^nt}i(»r fliiiiibiLBUbli>t;u, dtit e» f^nnnJl^ nixc 
wUb air, 'Lninplimr'A Duiitjtiiii[ij| ui^-uh ivf nilm^n, niul fuiini^limiui ■!' 
witli ci.ifbiHiiir kiiI.— Acoordlnj; to T"m« {f'k^. Mtfj. J I*, 1), CbB 
following f (uoDU* mistuTM arc found in the ppoldiJuc* at KewcwlW: 





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mitar* vUch rtataibi bat rtwW cMMt jeu «r af Uic *it«v 



■■J fMdMM Mhbcr VKlct ftw ttt^wk bJ; b« on Ibv ad^llw ti 
I pfr «*Dt. flf hj JM Wk MifenMrftMi Utiu *riA in tbm lubkln ; hJ 
if I M«««M, o/iuMM*sU*W*dM|^ ^«UI naArr 1iBit>4vl« 
1iHUillB«WcHm«rUiru'ko«r. PmimIvb hahl iBTot-rvdoH »(« 

Ihbi iritb i^ t«i ntnl; •nJni Vh* «iii«f «xpuB« t|i*i It vwU 
HtdaM ia IW cv obttivM tvm uttatv, pnMlj dtn Iv wpanOaB *f 

lU fliaihEik, rtiTifar. M«flHlu B» BiB^of, Htibsr «^t»t «ubq«ii 
nid^HrnfHraf «a/bjdr«arV4>«D<lnnb1*bjrt«li>r HnUI; Wl 



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Hi* viU viido of *a[ 
mdKnI. anl I7 fi» Ml' 
{1 ]«fwdii. H4 frv«i lb* ilr, 



ffllaw »i i^xynK b«i »«< hj Am* 

Clwhaliop; mwJ tfi* wilHyo w^iatJ im 

•lw»«li niLlDkvtKiD iWSdaiBBbvpvlM&iovtnUaiiitoiWHV 
eMi'feranlitifl of ll^o Im. Il«f* i>«M*» mUUjr fnA tba bi^cU/ <•^ 
tH'iiifrn^i ihtlfi. * gt0 *UA b«n> *«k b Mnuh RnrHvjvtJo* ■! Ibv 
■fitii u<I, tfi«r b«as fttoJ IrvDi arbniiD arU, ii f.^unii in cvoUk M> W 
[4r HDl. of mandk-^ IMI okiuil ftv, u^l 4'TD of an itHaabstfiUt 
fxa, iii«l ibl/ ii^i#i«n, hat Milbfff cutNaic DiiiJr. d<« uijr ii9|ttar oo«- 
,l,q)NAlf W i>il uf vTlriot. (Bwhflf.) 

mnuvri fnip (wt^lnte. Fxon tbc Mrfilltcaiiut ha^ka otf a rfnaB il 
BcJIaJh T KnfflUh milM fntn flla^rw, vul tf Wit Utiv* fivn Ika ««1- 
/lumnlioii, tticn imhv* % mutiim tj )C^A tol panli-tcu aad !}-£■■<, 

wsffkij Ite «v IntiA* b Ibf:^ Mutlij and vhb cmim («#h IMa 
tL« tlimui ilMir (T^, TTiaiuun, KKJ. HiLJ^ 1, OT-V— T^ ni vbaeb 
naJiDteiKi lb* S^imt At i^r' ffoln. ia nuuvli-pba, mited vtcb f fn 
€*D|. of uitrD£"<» <^il fniin I b> 3 pn rvoi. of nulmuc noj, aim »i4 
■c *f r^A-ail; h«g« lU «». *hcD aoarTaNl W B»ni 0/ 01^ 
t i^ii«^ lb a ubr, jitlJii Ibo qoeIi tttrbm (Ji-&0 ui4 ttAH}. 



£3ln>. I^M4>-^ 



1^ 



Min^it-c^, 



■ wnrLm^n ^tWHPflfi i4'ii*onvr-ry nli \t \iy tbv htuwTtoo *t( iJl v^ta- 
tAtiivn nraF flip «fiot. By UiiF^p tuliot la ihv j{rvuii«l. hu vL^uiiioT a 
onoAtaiit itrvnnt of m*, vhlvh l>{iraeLl with a clvor paJo bluiiU 0D4(l'>, 
^tIh^ bfttll ii*;Lt unl Liiat^ Ho liltAwJ"* f'nun! ri tirnilar iwao of 
gpM %t h» ci>tSi>'«, i-'O yuriU iliAtivnl frum tlim pin™ *hi'rc* hn fir^t 
afpMirvt^i it; ah*] lliv miitiily mi^ a^i nliunLljim, ihnt m* pnirriktiMn 
diiDLiMiLrnn Umk plik^^ •^^^n "'[*■" "'* ?<" Ii*'l tiWn hnmi for eotoral 
wcck> from vine tnlicj. TLo M\}Ol li Qidrc Ihhn & iiLllfrfrirTEi tny 4:tfa]* 
mine; lii^i maLy dlinHiI n^Mru ttanar m tlio itf-uio IticiilUj'. und thu 
«!■ jiml^M^ AuJh Sl> u'liy ihtLiurrli lUisn fmiii thi< 1:^bC^i cuEi-r-itlmiii iii 
uii ii(iij{]iliDurliDqi], lUOU vutuiurtJi oF the £i>' i^^ti^ fnii^td In ^tonlaifi Sftti 

It cnntAJTjq lh«<jy:f<'ro Ipm urbouk ftciil auil ulmcca ilmn ihc j;&« n'blcU 
|in« fjuni loft», uf [full ^liirli i« fuimJ iu oldulJiltm. {S.S. lluwjirJ, 

S' By tbo Jrr^LKi-illi&EJuiiiirimdL ■ii(i»tittieHK.arUy pciJ^ip;,' Omir rHfMJiLm 
ihrtHijfb A rml-liiit tuW, '. i/., iioud, icirfn ''onj, jTr^iUn fpit. nlrnbrhl, uttior, 
fmiiipbcrr. TIii^^^qa 1.liii"<lhtai(ii>il inn Tiiiiliim^ in tf?r^ v«i'i4li]Fi ftroiNirlioiifli 
vf byilni^b, etrbun^p uij-lo. rii:i.i-tli'^-Af, lili'I i/K'Qiui( ^u>. (4>x<^Urcf mjCTi 
tbc rfcponn of Mflpyruiimilk oil* afiilciiuiib-".— lijuflaoi i]ilx[aro» of 
Ihji djl(bc« wcru nifitdlnt by Suiiuiiro (''i-A. !J0, "fK?), Bi'TlLuUvt {fr'iJ&. 

C^AfviMff^l, H* ]'Oi«ribiir niirp|pli- j^iiii'^i nliioli tl^iy ilc*ifT"*''*d liy LKi i^niii- 
inoD nrnnf of OjPif?-iti-if4rrrfit f/iid''f'ici* (Jif On the fonlrnry, Crgik' 
■liink. W. lltTtty {Aku. I'ftU. li, at), DiJu^u {Sj/rlcn,. 2, 200), imd il. 
Datj {Klontnii. 1. ina), culopi'id lTi" -jfniflrr ]t_vp"LlLuiii>, morv <.i>ii*Uian( 
«ilU Uiii ifoi'iniin [if ilolioiit^ |irL]|<iirjictii<, llml lliiwi •ca-ciUhnl o)LV[«r< 
bufvtl'id hyiirM|^n fpumn nm iiiiiTri>rM cJ rnrhonio <mdr^ whrnh yjrtbrii (Im 
Oi^li:(rK, wttU bvrlr(4L-on ikCd varlaui 1iyilii>rafbi>ui; any iDiiaimJ OKjnr' 
buf^Hod hyiifit^rcjj gnt iiiiiyn imlnd, be ubtHinod by mixing flkrboDk 
oxUlct wilb tbt^ ]]uL-iiainilii>iiiiii ^ui'-, Tim ihUtiinri' miiy bu (fvd fruin 
nltfUuL 1^ by rUl<>rEii» in rlio ilnrli, iir by i^ubnr; tint nuiiLliial pia, {'[■ii- 
iJiliDtf af by<irof«Dj mrbrnjir mcitii^. and mirub eiia, ntidit*!*^! wtlIi i^xcicwi 
nf iixy^BB, lIid dlmlnuLlDii of <uluiiic n^^truino^l liy [rkHfurvmcui, and 
Ibc qiuiitjly bt (.urbuiik neiil by ilrurpdi^iL wjEIl vantlk |m^uiIij ikud 
ihtf |iFv|i':ir[|iMi uf Iht l[iir>u h'^iJiiw iL (Li* uriiltirii^ Llji'n ■l4.'t^FliJn<H] W 
cmlculHUou- A bWELiuriHl Ti>]iimu, '-V. tOU vul. of mcb n mkttuFD uf 
ouboniti <JX"I^ by^»ti^i], nini mrirtb-jpu*, i* mixr-i ^tjI^i n nirjUDnd 



iiuality of oxyj^ii- luorv \]na tMAiutm {or ilm romi^JrlQ rriint^EHEim af 

bu tfU. ojid <bu miiliim <-ijh1iiJj.i| by lb<>«?W<trio -iiNi'k. Tha tmiJuoI 

na !■ pifjatuml^ Li'imic nr j'ctiLib lb<iii liilTudaiNL'iL itii" rt ; and hlii»L 



lb* «(B«rpbiuo i* fninpl«lu, tho rcjiiduhl giin ih al>f> irinuarf'L 1'liif rrujduir. 

dodu^t^d fmm ihf< ■olnnifl **( axyt^tt inirihEu^, ^vcv ihfl ijuantity uf 

*xy>jffi (=0) o«Dtoni*.l in ibo fombmlinn, Tbo deireane of bulk ttcwd 

Ijv tlie (luTA^Ii ^Lvcflibif vulflme of flbrbiiD^i^ itrid proilnL^okl (=C^ TruDi 

ihf^ data, n muy f^i^uUio {the i[unt\t\iy of oAnrbpiATihTo tfcw boin^ 

iu&i»= 100 Tol-). finl, tbii hydrci^n = lUO— C; tbcu fbe mubb gni 

ttO— ioq 
— — 5 ; and, lurtly, lUu mrbimiu Uiidp, = C nihut the ra«-ib-a».— 

If tlia ^■Knni' mittim cmalytpd uWi t'<iul4iTk<i iiilrogifi>. Ibo propurliun 
pf thf oxy^'^D lo ll>4 niErm^iiEi in ttin rvjldmi \«h id^r Ehu ucUuii vf ilii^ 
l«luh iniuit liml bo d«lcnnb«d rudioniclriull^i sniL tliu qiualiiif o( 



2Sfl 



VKTHVLEWK: PmUAttT KIMTLKUV CD*. 



km hiiog Icepi l^iQir rwltmn- |Pvrwt, Jitwue leitfitY^ I, IL; 



uitro^D Ibm &ub<l i1«1ucIai1 fruni tit gi*»m mliturv, «ft>i 

willi Ihv laj'^iQ ciiiiBiiUjoip Fur liinlmr ilri^IIj^ ««^ I^ylTDftaw (J' 

73—103). 

a, Bjr bHdDg v^tic liciJ 4if »n(uie «rirb bvk^ of « f t<t4 olkUl lit 

inn. Chm~ Ph^in. 73, 119^) For iimcja uUi 
, for MttobTi, in wbicti oho rlu wntor uf Ibc ti]rdnlA of |Mila«b MkOi 

TliL- oirLiaiiifl iu<U |irftJiici?J raiKitrt in oombiaaliun viik t^AlkalL 
AlcoUDl-vipour i^a^ tUfuii^'li % nearly riiibui tubo £]lfd 
biii^'Li, it rHulvml iqE*^ carlvuic ^i^. wbkb iiniL«« wiEh iJi« btirjrti, • 
binti of nmr'b'giLPi — nbiol ]■«/ ihi* 4]nH djti^il): lU etiliniirj B»lih(M, 
rci|Ulrc4 Ibo 4irii> <^miiitit^ nf <i:i^^rn to dunk il, ftnil |>r»ilu0« 1^ «■■• 
i{iiuiLE.i|^ vi rvbooic ^1<1 by ii« cupibutUuci; liot 0DT«rtbalM vifaiUt* « 
loUll^ UlA^ivttt MucLiDb wilfa bnmiu« ft- ^^0), <rfl«u« ft MHI^ 

pi]Lmlj-en*« hula miituraoE I)ihI rainiiDimil frilli nlaliobl £■• •«hl brilrv'^ 
I'iiw/pr. CTi™. SO, 314.) 

■mlphiirici cr fiv^r-jnbWin ikeJlI U Dinrkb-ffei, a* Mdiirljmni mpMnJ, ff 
tiirrrty lijdtnfrn rbpj^l vii.h ibn tit|tiiur <i/ nil titiy bjhlrocKna^ k * 
HoiDt not jd decided {amp. V.,3I0, SJ7J. 

/"n^^dWum. A miiltini vS t ijI^. of rr7>1aItiA'i1 *«»(■&« of a4s 
ptiL bj^Jntfi dF pQlMh. md -t |it^ lmi'<, in brjUi>ri in n rvlovi. {Lh^Hhj 
Tb« litim prrvcnr^ tbo fo\*>n Vawi ^onwEiiD by tho liy^lnj* d4 [li^ 
TliiB UKtliod nolrlfl ibv puftfi i^i.— Pabui p«*«4 ibo tui^qe c/ anM* 
■kwly tbruuffb a 17-«bh|«Hl iniit! ijt ^9^ ft ttvu. a wbirfa hyJuM it 
jHjIdxb in bunUicI Ut fmnuii; ibn ifiv iKn* praduad oanfauM A ^bI 
(jU«itlity irf <mtbp]|M ■Tjd, 

3. By itirrlDc tUc laud of v- tt>Eiiant moil; «<>Mv<4lDe Ibo fwLii ^ 
bubblgi ci|f, ill lu^EirLod L^uln flllud vUb nklor. feiid liavin^ fanvll 
mHrinl iblo tbuir nutui^ii , :auJ »>,^iLntLti^ le «i(b milk uf lijiw b» f<MV*i 
aif1>bitic arid mnd injr tiilpbutnitL^ bydfUfcik tlmt ouy \t pi^wiOL—TW 
Ci»r'!k'£a^ tliLU obtniufd bcinlJuiiB fi>r 100 vol, of jmn ^u^ T tvl. bAuv^^ 
iXmntiri;; i-j W, llejtty, and t» 'ol □itrovf'n, ACCiiAliajE t« 6aMi«m 
[Tliuu llt(\u|, (lOO uinr-L't^b ^ SS [uEixijCCu) «nili>dfJ vith ■mp» J 

!l^, DDniiUEiiiv not EDO but VSt tol. my;^, Bad |«\>1uiH> bM |#0 M 
ral flu^nie Mid gw, portijipa beckot tbc bllrnfCD brko^ mtmUMBf 
lb* oobiponiid, (Tb, S^iiMiir*. JMa, df (7ci^f<, i^ 1«|.} 
Sh Tbfl ^iKt^iiB miiluEV cd^(Aiu«d bj tho dry dlitUluIoa td wvtk 
9t tuai. or bv ^nuvijig &Uid1iol-vftiiouf M'muijtb ■ rtd-htft iab«v^ fe<^ 
itM mfionii- iLh J li/<lrfi*ulphiirra vfiJ br rutlL ur bmo. tbc« ImioWiBi 
by lh# ulki>fi nT i-hlnrinc^ in (he dnrH, mn*!. bully, fnn tl>* »MBa^ 
ilonn* byiicbin iroAiirkf ii viib milk <•! liuw.^Jifbar lUi intfHAi 
lTi4' mcLFHli jfti ti^ irhi^roly otciULTnluMod w'tili lyilntfiM >ii4 arfccttk lalfci 
A^o^diiiK i<^ lUicLuf, tbr laLtar amnuL b« maoTcJ by hEatnl wti^iK 
IA4UD lli0 nimbvii* ap^>4ui in ^ ISkcwin dcnquiNuvd Jbiiv ll* 



vauuI' 



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h 



I'tsiiiKT.— W. FTotii7 fAnn. Phil, 3*. 438) wiuiliw onal gao witli rTiloFiOfl' 
**HlT. iLDil with potiidb to ri'niOTU Tire cuviyttt ut tlilEriiir; itirii uiiiou it 
friLli I J v[ij, fi.ygaa, nnrl [^uHOa H iittu ■ fHoTl coMnin'n^g *l"'f$J 
flallviliil liDktvd til ItT*, » ^vtjirli Imn^mltir*' all Om lijJfi^fru auil 
Okf^Onic oiEilu liur^i awnr, but doup of ili^ E]>iLi>li-^Li-, !!■> ihi^u mm't^a* 
tliA mvitltinc cmrliitniii mtinl bv pul-iuli, ri.nil r.hit itiO'>><i >*f uny^'C'ii bv nii^rkiiK 
of m iH\t\\iAv rtKiffnnL Murhli ;^i» tIi<^i> miii'kMii, OMnlm^miittt'il <'nlv ^u*lli 

fmm a)| otIitT Ktntia uf mrburcttod hviiro^rr'^ji*. wjib Kmv <4 which il 
ffrrm'' iinjiiLi], Mf'iih i>rL<ir« ii>]i'l curnfivUJLiIi ; w!jnra.>. ill laKnJi-Ctt't U 



Prf^triiff. CnTnnrlrhH ^^h, ftrfrn'ilinc Jln*ef (I, nS).^-ripii"ily 

VappMl l^c orjibuBlioit of *A)iOi- jjijilin. IligLly aiTnltitl'iTsih Nvulnl. 
Aorurdiu/^ t" wum uWiTi-dWH Jl lin* tt fmnt, un^ilrttVHiiE ""Ujur; \>\xi, 'jx- 
t^jpAhxg Eo Knliuvii^t ft Krii|f v- Xlililn, aUa niNWitilinj; la HikW iliiJ 
Qnilmin, i( !■ ibuluruiUL Tqalcliv*. Wht^n jnhiLlnil, I1 is <iii1t ■"■gntivLrly 
cfclptnriomt like hpimg^n (Tl„ 4,1). MJticr* who oftco Wnibfl hi *it 
cvntarDing ^ i^f tnarnfj-^u^ <]i> nut lodo :li(<Lf licntib fiuiu it; <v|icq lb<7 
biTAliie 4 roiAtnm allll n^^hi-f in iiixrvli-irrLi, i\wy Tviil n n1i|;1ir [■ji'hfiin? <in 
tttu fbrDli{^u<J, LuiiLfili'B. mill i*vi^' 1*^^ ^lil> t-lTiLHit hidii ^jlvi ufl* ivlivn tijvy 

grt iplo lUc opoQ uir. (lti«bof,J 



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Dteampoaition^ I, Wlien clmrln flLwLar^:« an rciirarnLI^ fiiHod 
IblOUf h thU fv (Dnkoii). ur wIh^ei tlic iiMTcir i>1nriiifiiii wm^^ of u rollAiD 
bllM^T iin brrtujfKl to u i^liUfF uF iirn]li<tn ivUhrii if_ ur whini il i» iekthiJ 
lun» poMii ihrDdifh a rtd-bot IiiIk, il w canvvrl^'il, wtili iT^imAitJnn at 
^fasnodj ii>Ea furt liydm^u goM. wliirji i-fcui'ifp Iwi^l- iIia ori^'^nDl 

IkroDjEh poriWrJj Jry pil-ut^ tn-wi\ fn<ni L-ntbupji.^ hi?mIh only ^ nf iJjn 
Uttrvlt'ifiia JB ilrconjjiuwj, ultliou^'L iLu ^it Mvam^i ut vi.]jai]il luriu tclcinr 
tliv pawmv *>f (tie »)i»rki it LFruiinnicit, Tkic tbnn^Obl ic^JiimLLiJ in l|j]« 
ilrAiinp«Uii>]i Tim ii jfninjj ^hIuut "f tucji-'nliiH'- TLi^i c'uni|ilit1p lU^rom- 
friuatioh Rtiinli DiiUnEi i>l»laiiiiii] wil- ]>nrlii»|"« ilnn U* Iho nrr*<rticn *>t iiu"»- 
Inri? <i liM C»u, {nfnntiiif) I'll j^iui ia iil>>n h'li ]m|K>rWily dm>inpn>f>rl 
tij iMua^nff It irptnttilly tltri>n/;L r^ vhltc-liot jtnFO^Iitlii Tuhr. 'i'Lc cfi 
cmrt lu ci^iiLiiJ xfmt h Inu brpu p!i#«i!d toar rimrt tbruii^li t]>o tuii^^ 
■nd »^tr [lit* EDEtUa |»EL*H^, «iilv ^ '-ir tbci iimn>li'K°' i> -lucoiiipiitLHd, Tbu 
pui| wlrnii tJiUi tfuiaii-^li »r>|uifi^B nn fiiiiivnmninik" odniir- If, %tu*t 
]«Miii£ (l^niii):!! llm i^'iiitut UiIhi, il Itn aomliirlnd iilEu a Llrhiy't- IjiiI'i- 
upftntnn HUcsI wiili nil I'f vittiol, ydlnw diYiM p<»n<lptii[* In tLiv rul>u if 
l£« BlrpHr-iEuij nijil tli.Lv IdIa thn i,il of ^imul, I'^Hi lukiiiil er^ilvally 
dC^V^rvfl A ■lurlb Ltuail cl-Ioili and <lrvii;* Amnynumati*! ndvur. ■iid 
bilMiUiFa iMvurfU in Lln' liiiiL IiuIIj h iLIi u'e^^-'i^o-^i ueu]i», mIj it'll, uii c^ioltu^^ 
VHiftty iK^lidiFT iti ^n^uiiob iikiif^n-. Tlu' i*iE <if vilriult ou liom^ lLiJuUhI 
ttilfa whl«r. jtivI'Ib an nuon'iiEiTiilik^ j»r<'^'i]ii[riLc\ uml i* cutircRtit ipJo a 
litfbl bmvTD^ twevHinrllmir li<|iiiH|. [f (l>r< EpiilK tMrniiiiD' ■Infiliol iiiHt^od 
M<A\ of ilait}). tbo iLihf i>f ilip iii]i]ritnii4i» hocoTOP* Hilni viiJi rnnusi, 
wblfilt ogDiiL-bH to browLiiili yellow dmpAv »d<I ini^tl l^ Vufa -^^^^ ^ 





TW- ^nmi lt|iiili| I* Ikv 

1. TWMt,«hHart«BiAtmtWair,WM "ilfc ■ ■iJnB^iTj Wt 
■^ ji%* >!«» a^ Hbli WIm : ; »L a»4^H mini Wiik I ■■ 

CO; ud if Av « nL H. t **!»« ute -JA 1 VftL O, ^4 Mife *Mc 



I 



m 



M^lj *r MfUife M*l W^IBBMillllfT p»Jwd it th* 

Umrflml iTihriiinfl* r " .1 lif wy 1^t|Ti^1r! rTm !ij ■ Mi* 

lb* mat «» iritb hir; hct •ol » afJy *> *pfa^ Jf Hwlfai i>l 
A4 Ui* pfcwrlitw 4vvwa Iron «W ^1^7, Ifaa vxploalas 
VBakrr, AH M^itt* k «r«n^ dartrta nark lo iu d» f itj iwJ vi 
tteai «( rii^ c** iT^dkB ■ «*!«]• btl, IW ■ivUni \t ■■ 
tffloitrK A Boxlnw cl I t«L MorAjw u4 1 5 ri-L ftlr 4a »c4 M «• 
In ^ tb* fWtiM -VMt, bol «>krjrm tbt fl>oit <^ > ODdU UU itiAta 
(<: k bUiuiw •/ 1 ml i— A pw Bfti 3 t«L v bmn> i»i|biiMl h« 
(H- C%*r-) 7t« «iplHi« ift MnafM mtb a ivatfa^till mrimi* ti tit 
mJ w uu u»Bpvd*4 viA * 7«Uv« Atm''; vti*!! iJk ^^iiumj if la 
b br;^, ■ |«l* Ua* flanw (iwm tlovJv ibrui^l* U4 buiw. w\tk H 
Tulnioa of air. ibt BinUr* «iU ua Uim uJu Bra. (Turac*,) 1 nt 
|til-Mi ftvu 1^0 Wctlv4«filfr ikTl (ii. t'><Jh 'WbrnaUa rinLtflll/ vilk ■ nL 
Alr,bD( tlbvUuJ &«Lly*iUia vvI<^iim«, wUn ntit»l «^|k Bar viA It 
Tol, Vlt li it nut wt on Art bjr UB«t«(jic »]Ark- (BM^nf.J A mtMm 
of lakFBh'eu w'tih di« r<wr ^MnlllT uf tis *f fl*yff« !!■* "M^ *l» *» 
jBt on Hrv br flMxiof IwIj*^ ^r bj vliii^ioL mi&iff ifau, bM Ml ^ 
Irm It a nd but; il it Ui»nfA» marli Itim ibUttOubk Ibaa bjr4MV" 
ornH>ncii^^iii)fsiDJIs«jUa>tbaa AlrAiBljH. (d- Dut/.) X«iibirli 
It Inff4ni<><l Lty bbrninf liaJw, <t«i lboaj,-fa UM t^niW l<« «»«vfjr ll«« 

^l^>t^i[y pbtiuDin vliOb tbH don aut «Pt fin lo & nuiuii* tf 1 m 

jDvvb ^-Ef >n<la V4rl, uir^n 4l'^'l>v'">>ip*)>buJ«lion bH4fd abvr* I Wt b 

4 J'.v roiiihii-tii^u- (W. Hflnry,) if, h»*«nr, J><aMli u r P» 

J l» lb' miiEiitr. tilt i-lAl-irifi it ihrtvhy n»o4 t» « r«d bfl< 

I bii-ik* *ln-ul 'l*<^ ftnubiitiioii vf ite nwr^iTK IChK ^D•^ 

A I>i]l Lit itlMlnniD inLnii[iEi!ivI uiU ■ nilxlaiv *f 1 ir«L M^ 



uark]|-<:as. 



2SS 



.luilj w lipn tbc i^ijiwtity 






irLonariii;! ^i that iMi'twuiD hfjJ u T>Tvdijo*i|; W cii vUJinv tuoH 
mivnco lo Ibt inlrlrLfO. 4:;kr}iiPtilA si^'iil » pntJuwrl^ if llio qtiDUtUy af 
tlcliiiialiiic 1^ AvaUnt In iiirin* t):iu Uutt iitni^ l1i;kt nf th^i Einkr>h ^fnA 
{\V. Ih'ury.f Ip a niLtlimi nf ninrAh-;n^< nvhnTiir ni'iJr, nn'l niviE'"n, 
p'iHin^f/ |il?inmim buicJ ID 20*' indupw '-ayy ilvvr cflm^uillnn of thn 
OLr^onk' I'liiiLf^; and la a mUturc of itiutiIi'Iuli. 1i;/cLlm;^ii, utIioflIc oiiito. 
ami rixvj-pi>. ijiUiUgj |>]Mmu]ri UmtcJ to V-tLf^ Lucliifid lAovt AiulbniltDD 
only uf tliu liji1ni(riiii iiuiL caLrbnmn <iiii!*i, (W. H'l^y. Ann- Pfi^i. 2J, 
4lft,) Oxidisiiil Pi]l]»Ki4En nf itlcklimim (VI,. *j;il1 >l(Vjhm|H^*ra ninnLi-jfpt*, 
witk grukt (ivutnljcn nf hnt f I li^ticiri urT,) A niiitiftf^ of mii,riih gr^A urtd 
cijscn if tioihlivrrJbyijntrofyiii^ tuUuiDPCv, vtiMicuudonR Jft^Hfttiog 
4 (II,, A}. E^uitDrc.) 

3- A drj mixture of 2 v«J, mAJih'gbi oad 4 vol, i-blctridP hoaiiu 
nalEnrihl lU tlm Jtiik, but dnU'iiihLv« bv llirf v^Dotrio iiitELfk, wilK »ii|uirti- 
tiDD qf cbumo'Li iinikJ firrniAtijiij f>f tvQiowJuU mfiro tbaii H I'^il, Ujttf'i^lil^'Ti" 
acid jijM. (11 T'uvy ) Tin' Mnt^ J'?i?(i(r4|>ri4tJoii takei |Jitoe n) ft ^i*w dny' 
iT tli0 njiLiuiD W mcivty i-cjiu«^'l W Uy}it, (Gaj-Lunu tivl TbtnuM.) 
Tjiv EiiixEuFV. m tobiUvCr (irfg't'rliulii it i\\,%y bu motlp, iluvi itul vibilrit 
any iEamiidiziip rnicElou nu uifjovuri to liubl ; Iiiit "n imkJn^ 3 vub 
r-b-i.''!" f|ir*^]jnrr'il fnmi arntiifc^ *ij |»LjUjib) ifUb N t^hI, nblntihui i *iq- 
i 'i^*]rni£m^ ftllpod-^il wilh rirnilTunr iim tyi ibn ri^Plimiii^f vii-wil, *«flii 
t pinrc, 4>v?n In ■fJft'ji'VNl iljkv]ik,'bl. (Diiitela ) — K»|n4l T^bimiw iff 
'cUvwclLct pit';L:iu 411 J 4.'b1ji-iitu cioi't Dfi nation upon ^4(^b otber, cvori 
i^DiibiUffi buL ji uiUtum vf £ wK cbluriiiD wjtb L vul. pjl-mu aipMcil 
Ui rumdiiiiP itvur *iaiir. ibiLutiiiliM wry iZiirbil/, wiib ddjKv'iiiun -jf dnif' 
OaL' HijRirlim'A Ibii iii|^b)Hif>ti tn-ki-* pliu-n iiiLimhtinrnty. mammiinr,! nai 
tnmi U'r vA'oral miuntL^'i vjK-, trhon ibv niilnrino jm* unLiitamrHftl/'kl intb 
b|p, TliD TipliuSoTi t4 mi>K i^i^tt^kJy ]>i04Javcl \'j v^/ntivn^ llii? nii-rili-,^^ 
wbitb ii tLic luibU'f iff llm L»''\ ■ii1'> tim oblurliiiC Uiftn iho vuEilniry Wuy, 
tiDtqiiiw iiL iJii' fihrnihr i^umi, LliU ^iim.4 hiia i>N'rv i^u'tfLy.— Tliu ^jtjH]cxi(»ii 
jiucu^ila bfvt ill :& crybmW ] ^ Euub «idi\ IV iiK'bn liiyb, kuif lilluil t^ rhu 
liffijfbt of U> iiirKrw with tkv iiiiituri' Cm ' i([i<^i]nf tbn imtL M iim^ 
slin?, llt^ wal*r iiurQaD^linz ibt hoU-im 'ii>l-' -it llrvL ; tlipn ffbll«fitm» 
MFP proiLiLor<i. and ob^if^xid i* dopoill^l. M" < l< '■> i< i- t flhvp Biui«« 
111:*' iFiut uf iniik<iiLrk], riml tliD PvliixW'' uiuv :J ..i ...; ..i .<|i'lluijl pA. — If 
lliT mtk ii linl ilinbllv ub>cqn>d ny it dIouiI, ivbjio fiiEiiuv u/e [irmliirrd And 
Urd wilfr ri«'>i, but n** dinroujJ i* dL-ptuiUid ; nuifhor Jooi unv oxjilmidn 
ttk* plhcv* wen if tliD <uti bHOEDv cidiu i-i^n diiriiur th* «c[>«rimFni. 
WbvO ilk? frliip]? i>r Uin tibb^iiiD liiu Ijhhu iLlrn'rlmd l>y thn vabT, lliv 
^OBid Wn^ vipoKd l4 tKe lun, ihv onntvaU duiqII tUungty of vil of 
tNrponi>nD, (Uiaobof.J 

\i Lbt Mplubicin bu i^rtvcEilvil by riiiiiu^ lliv iimnh-giLi vilb oa equftl 
vdIoiuv at ctilHiiiic iv^id. ^-blurinu ndJtfd \\\ ci^xo* gr^ially ft-rui* 
byrlfmULnfLfi iiud jpu and an c^Uj li^juiil ni'ii'iPHlin;; of a tiiiitJl ijuiiEiIitv of 
c£lnti>fiinn, CKCI', and jv liir,ci> i|iiaiitity cjf binhl^^ndo iif cl]|n*ii^ C>C1* 
uimu): 







tlw vbliirorDna iriut Ln roj^Ludod ua n tnniiUon-nroduDL— Mvilipn* f«lnii, 

ufclmifiwt ihr HUiEi pbiiindt of FUfbuii, CVi^ (tAU'umiiiitiodi |iawov#r, wilh 
% TOfjwiraUiiiLaiilily i>f aiblUUi^t v*U]-*\^ltb Hf^bt arbiinltihlTi;^r!nJifi<Ti 
obiaiiHHl from uuinvbt-^, — a prirvf Lbkt kbi* ^ULL-nh'tit-idUvd gU I* itiflu^cul 





METffTlXm FKDUET KTCtlUS CHT, 

nt ■ iliiwlj ill iMi mml W ^lansv, ■■IJia_ bplrurbloTM BaJanii ■■> 
WBucd wiik I nL ^uh-pa, I Al (ar V ni) ortouB »Bil 
p^ to * 4110 - tec * B^Ci. 






Wok C *«i [llinii, IW fBa^li uv S A.L (fl 

trw ' ta* ran = »ro • <tta. 




1 nJ.) dufdiiH] oflidi 

Bl •■Lr blBK ib ibf ibrk, ■ aaixtinir tJ 

iht ■innv n iW 4iak ; ikt ttifiial na viU ilic* I* 
■■lWfa««|DBBAlifuL«B^lk«eif<^arrlilDni>r ttnj ^ 
ft^Mwfcgw Vyii^ikfy.HwfT.>— Wbffi a viJapa 
■I WcUnnBv fifr-^a an BiBd witfa wj4 tiJ. ck1nriD«, ui'l ibo vk- 
Mt* Wl ««> VBMr fic 9 h^Av ■ ^rli^b. tbcrv rriuun% after Bbmp- 
^M if ai^wc Boi bj f^LaA^ I m of ti^l ai^uivLiod ti^iiru^ 

■rtioik in ihjli^ht 
iWMiWvttU hr Anya flf 'intw, hat M Mi^v^hii OiOvnuiff 
tfc» pa itteiii I WW n>tift< vifitaH/L TlM^t vt^ir^l frvn ~ 

Tilfc iW ETvaitvl itnlnr^. vi^in? bfilmhnKV aviJ aad lk« mi 

■ iih 1'r\*[ii;3T'. Tr,r.'rv iri". ibetvivrv. ^lire^ ijomerir varieties r>f CH^ la 
W Jiii.Q^v.L^iii.'.L ir<^..ii-? 1=1 ML-;<'n. Jnk. /'A^rnt 33, 1S3.) — Bat, 
ai?rv-'ni'Ti- U» S"*J:]iif ild i^'-j." . '."' ^^i'- /^m./. U'. ?*iO j alio J. pr. Cftnu. 
iJiV i'lti '. iLe ^: ^■^!x■^.=T^l [V 'la a!r' 'tel aa I tama is a oiiiiurF of manh- 
ras, oli'tiJ^^T ^"i-'-. bv jrv ^"'^r. ia^i pr\-lx.!r3v \\i.' rjrhonii* oxlile, 

A m:iiuiv <•{ ;:'.u^b^±ri» ic \ ULirio ^'liUp L± b<.it iaHanied by ibe flrr^ 
trie jpaA, 

4. (>:l ,'f vjiri,'! A.<^ n. * ilwr^ niar^b-ca^ ; hot snhydronq snFphim 
ftCiJ diVv>Di]v^'-.< lCx wi:h f.'rai3ii"D of b-hkt zxt'X Eulphuruua arid u^ 
itepi^ii.kn of chirvSsiL lAiitr , J. PLirm^ SI, m! ^ alsg J. pr^ ChfWL B. '9} 

*■>«*' I w iji >.i \Va:t'r iKm-t^: y^of it^ yi^bme of m^r^h-i-as, (Diltoo^) 
— CiTi^kiL <.ir;:a]:ic Li^ij^ii^ libeo',,^ ab^'ib \i m fniaL] i^uADtitT, 





Methylic Ether or Metliyl-ether. CTH-O = OH',H0, 

ri-^^i^'-nvl I'V l^iirii* ^iiiJ Frli^'i tAun. Chintz Phyi. 5S. 19).— 

/'.*rrii.|jj..i.. Uv- bH>4UD; w^iftl-syirit, ^H*0^wilh oil of Titriol [Dnn. 
VM )^ or aiili nt.^\^ of |ku]v-eriii?d atibvJrviif bonx ^EbFlnifiii, ^V, Jhk. 



MBTIITL-ETITER, 



i57 



/VrpopoJbM, 1 pt. or wooJ-R)-if il i« 1»utnil vitb 4 pU, oil vf vitriol, 

Ui-I tbr* r»>uEiin)f mvlliyl-cillipr ^im jtlnmil in ctithml wilJi cmu»(i? ppLaiti 
fur BT^nml liiJiit* lii iv-e il. fnhiii nur^ionir ami ■iilfiLii'ii^iit tifi'l. — Biimi^ 
t»inr«i l]ii> i^'iA i* tirpnt>t[oiiJAlt'i] viiifi tf(t|"4itr <if iiiri-lbrtt'^ of itirrl^^K vihirh 
glv» it a ^rUi? Ofluor. (Duma*, lYft^otJ— K&itfl (-I^h. I'/nntN. If*. I^G) 
piiaei lUfi^'U tfvi>hrit, Ly IkL'it'iiiH i^Lisl iniuiLiruH uf wu^Hj-tfiiEit Ait^l uil 
of vUricil. thnhifrli "^ilk L*r llmiv nml lli^ii intn wrLl^r ftupJ frum 4ir l>y 

«vct]v<i>' it in ■ fTiiTu <if puriLy liv cr^nili^ bKinDj^ aij'l tlrho^ »i I'j (iiwiinjf 
It tliiQii;;h a Ivbo vontuluiug rhUrLde of ctlc Juni. 

l'017. Noutrvl townnla vc^Ulii^ tytluurs. Of kiliprvLit vluur. 

2C -„ i2 _ fiVlB 

311 3 - niH 

10 »— , 8 ..- «■;■ 




^m*o. 



S3 






On TpI, HMVirr- 

Vajiude of *Mn , I (t'Cmfi 



Mfih^L-ttlwr oiB 



1'jQ44 



MdAiT^-h'^^ ■" I 



lag^a 



CTI".H0(rA,l) = DH0.H'(7'*. e) = CHVO f ^rifi,) [^ 



CH' 



cw] ^- 

(y^iWwmnnn, GprliBi.Ui OmniTlJl ArcnHliiB In tlie rn-lirnl-thoory, \i 
b imi]iuEi.'ii Lu uiiuUtn LfkU rii,f]i4vil Mtlhyi ^ nil*, — Il Je jii>lynri:riti witli 
alculiu]. C*H*0\ auil Iiua llio ^nnj Pupwur-Ji'Maily 9i? lli« Jiiltcir- 

Dtrompntiriine. Mt-tbvl-ulJivr ^;i». w-lieti ttl on firo in t^A vt, ]>iimA 
will* u Hnini? like tlm 'it nlrikLol, ^Tl i« bluis in-J givfi ^<n.m-]^ any 
Jlght. K-AHP.) — 1 voluntc iii tho ^ua pitotuiut'ji in ifii? t]ci4>[mnii;,- iiAio 
3 vuL- uity^cQ, *ui{ fLiriui S yul. riLrbunia cx^i^l um (J'uriiiu & IV'IevcL) ; 
1 vnL oxygeij (;aj romurt iU*' 2 vl- cjuboO'Vapuuf iulw ! vul. [iirlH^jiiQ 
■fljili I Tol, i-jj[jgi-u ^iLM, lir^^'llitir *i[]t thu ^ vvl. jdrcaily dPbtnitJfif in t^11 
Dl}iPF. WTivptU ihc 3 vi.1. If^'pLm^un iiiii* wntrtr 

2. MclUyl-ttUiT guft imiod iiti'fvrliv 'try wjtij rlil^^rlnc tint f^rau 
whir* (unitf* «f l.ycliuclilurto aciX, jiii*1h I'li^f ft ff* mmuit*. tx^dii-Ii-i mJ 
bijnTJi flic ftppFirrktiii. (Mfcl[igul(. ,IniJ. Chim- i*hif9. 70, 37lc) If tlm 
nijlo^i"!! In* T^ri'vi'nlt^Ll liy cnu^rn^ llio t«j vpiMw lo mmn t<ifj<*lKi*f in Jb 

Jltive LT^"'"' Tr riMi In III - ^r -n.mo liiinTAnrii fruin i^iii'li nlUi*r, they fnrm 

byiTrwljl"LL'- ;ii-jil. in. I i.j|]1h M-H.' imo & li'iuiii, l^H"Cl(Jf wLlcL, l>y tlio 
brtlwie HdlH^ii uf cliWinu, ii liril friuTDTtfil mCfi C*TR'l'*0, and KfrnwiiMi^ 
in ».iii-l>in.s inthi PCPO, (RrijimHlt, vliffi, fA/wi- Vh^t. 71, 3ft«,)" 
ftfrfhylprhpr i^ in Tint |Hprw|it»Uy ullnrmt W pojaitig lUmiij^ti rblnro- 
■ulpliuftp nti.l. SCIU* (Wj^^Tiftiill.) 

3^ MulLyl-i'chri ^-lEf, ^oifjjil (1iroil;fh liObt^-t p'i[n*h-Iitnf , ylcMfl f>Ofi 
byitru^'n qimI furiLhii'' of pi>u»li, wliivlir ^y » itrou^pf ln^ij b uun^ortvl 
idIq cnrtiunaiQ (Iitirnwc ii Siv, -4r'n- TAtiA, i'hv^. T3, If); 

Comhin-iU'mt. Watof al 1"" nWirlw ^J volumoi uf msrbyl-rtfcQr 
■■■. clicintby 4i.-r|uiriii|; mi vilieivAt oHnDrnnJ ppfipfiry \ju\t. (Ilnni. PeV). 
Tlid w&tor iKE|tiiivp « jjlvkuul ibtomiitio tMLc ud tmcUi, uiJ ^Wb ufT 

TDb. TIL * 



k 



iha 1^ vlitti ffvoElr hffhinl- (Kin«-)— Oil ol *iUial itb*se^ ike ^ ■«* 

Wi>flil'*|iij-itiinilii]fM>hHk] lilicn-iwabiJirlilLjtiEaBiiiiMaBira 
tlrfin ivatrr (Puma* \ 1>)j^i»(.) 



CoLiv. ^?in. ^in. /^A^ir, I3> ^d,— DokmraKB, &i4». S3. WT.— 
MA<iAJhii k M^DCET, Jan. Ai^f. wim>. it, iVf; hl>a JU^ M^MA 

.— Rmi.'iiMsnACH. aVAki. flO, 241. ^ 

l^uvAti .t PrumjT. ^nn- CVm. i^Aya. 5A. A; t^TMt Jim. Pkarm. U; Ij* 
■I*) ./. y/^, CA'n, 47, 34>Tf,>— ^ nil, ChJm. Pi^. 41, IflSj aIb J. ff- 

KaM. i'hil.Sla-J^J. to, 4Aiuiil lie; ^o Jnii. /"IbornL IB, 184, 

^Jfohffairf. hrnnHdirr It^ihjfiat, brr^lieAir Halitmjyriti, Jffft 
ilytlmt;- — I\Mpr\i *!' f'lim, h^rii py-'-xyf *•}«*, fHXyitmit tie Mt 

TmjrW {TaUck-M Pha. M^. fiU, ?lt^) id IM1V, Amt ■fawr^ m 
Woa.l-yf'^f'ir. Ilii> ■Fo-iKrr llqnul ohlainpiL in liar i^n^ iLuiilklbA of ni 
an jilf^tiuiic il<|olil irhich li« regihlci H Iho rtni^i fJ trwfl-riBfiffi' > 
CoHh. iu IMIO, Jcdurrrl lUt llE|U^d to be «tr«Qc: iMTinMnr. in IkTI, 
pmnirLDcvn] U tn Im ELlfutiul. UjmUn A Marnl, >rlM) litiWflTH riiwaii 
Tk KitpiuiEii'n niriminuiiLLiiil y'xlh n 1itrp« iiunnritY nf <iM|ivnuuaiti 
■ioiOniTil i| T-) b" n Pi""l'Ofiiii\ mi ^ntrru; Rpirhrtit^ob took il At 
Rilitur? 4if 4Wli4il oflH noctoar l^tmintcly ii *u -lifipcTeRd ihst' 
vlnoj^ij «PiLiiiJ[u ax Jaut itroc poruliar ■|ilrti\Eituj liiiuiiU, nL, Hai^^ 
ppfru, w]]i<'h vu llr'i tii'^Fiirnli^l^ r1inJiu'[iirij»3'i vnt ■ubjaE4n4 «o ■ d>|Mlrf 
iDmtljcii-tinii W DimiM A, Vi'\i]^\>t iv I M5;— -£ i/wiv, n4nibMJ ^Ob-, 
LirW. cLiir[ WviHmaiin & it?biTpi«or;— wiJ Jt^wi^ « «oiBp«ul f<r 
vtouJy kuijwo, 
(ti Ai'E'unliii^ L<] Duuiu & r^lrfuL. ilm isni^wjllirii uf iu»(hirlW^ aVuiWl ii 

KiiuplM <ff w<rL/il-VLtic|;Bf ntimijtiii^ |iFL[i?]j4l!ir<if mnhrlir ftlaulHl«Mkfn 
CblG^y of li£T)«rjo — W<)n^l-4pmt i« irrolvv^l ^n im|wil} BbitaiUH vW 
labiiiiuew v^uslatlD^ of wood? £b» ore mtiv^l vith «i •ual vt^W 
'TiydruLo uf puUali hud ft iiuiJliir unndiUy »t -^nwr, u}i| gnlllail^ iMiitJ 
tti tbfi THiLling'poiqt uf uumurj^ (PrIigDl, Ann- Chim. njfa. Tl^ ttH) 

Prrp^rrMian. \u ihodryJiitlllolIua of tooJ t1iT» !• atilUMd Xinf 
nmlrriFt^llriil IT'Ktff'frf r. Mil a vali^ry liqiiiO ATled 1FudJ-ni»H«r or /y^ 
liifjiftiu nrl/t. Thj' iJEiiiicI !■ B laiilun af wAr<ir. juitlid kfi^ laMUf ^ 
jtiQmrpm*, vti4>i]--|nri% hf nnhfl, i-cvlCEi^ kCotJiE* of uwtbjrl (Brffbri^^^ 
J/riH/'), aMi<hyili?, the fomjx-Mud '•n\U^\ M^'U' \'yWit\Aivmnn A Diha^ir 

Dmpvn^ hEif *>i\\ l\yt^^\.nt^^\l\^l\•. iiir-l iumfl ^iruntilinvf atbna^hfltoHM 

hy ')btill'iti^ n\-wi 10 I'r 1-^ iMTLH^nL trviti thja vouj'rjivfu, «* *4taii 
aWf ITdBtf-fjiifi^ which cDitKiAb* cliifllyf^tli* iddm <aUcllfl Misllit^ iAw 
■rvlif nriii^ nutnnnJB, mctlivlip iiW^Dl,AficUtn of inpUijI, llgMM^ MlMi& 
«liiBb;rJc-, iiiRiliv|ijfaUD^raFs »»! ntktiLa cnpyrvuiUk «iilb 



vw>i>-iriiuT- 



sffi 



J.jnuk nroofl^iiiogar [Kiiirvd rrtT Tfoni ilii? bir i« iJlt11l1i>'l till ^ W 



UbiEi'l: *(id tTi« riHjLiliu 



uiivd 
'1 jimmnnia \tWiAi Uid 



with imlpFuLriii viil, In pruripitaili} Iv unA 
lw<in fw( iii>L>, Thi rL^4iiltj]i^ Imijjil 14 limn itg^la iv^n^tv^lty At%ti]\fA oval 
«laknl liciio. lijf It uk^iv* wlcii whE^i' wilLuvt rtiiLrJrlj', uir luo^-er IiUti* 
brwwD Ja tUo mr. ur ciurti ojij hclivu on vo^futatle coloun. or uivoi a 
'hIjiP'k iiriMJpItila villi iMiirciintiiii emIi^b. U u l^mi fuM^il fnmt LLi* iilUl 
iMintLJulii^ frfil/tr by u, M.<iiiiik.l JibLilliilion irith nii ri^unl ^iLftntiCy i}f 
|HiLi]tilpiJ qi]|nktini(i, iL ■m'lll <]itiiEiTJty nl mprputy hoinj^aklJct] to firrnvriiit. per- 
cuAflWci tbullllJori, All tljoto JiBltriatioiia lUiuL Iil.< potf^jtmcii iii tlic Hitdr- 
b*lEii (DauiiiM S( PfliffoUj — WuoJ ^pirii ujini't Ui rUiUydntt™! t>y uhlmilo 
^TcmJcjiim* tHH?uuHii lW huWunco irtjutif h WLili ^-rriii fihi-ni (Dmii. Ptil.) 

tf. TEir rmiiyrfiiiihiUiu o\\a nro itnl 4inmplFH||^tv riiimtvnL l>y (hixit 
^Kflfillntitm tur Umt\ nor or^u >iy *iiiTr1E1niloQ ovtr pniatli or mljiliurio 
act'L llvnoo iLc oiutio n'uoiL-apljit imtst Id MtumiciE with chloriJa i>f 
uileiuui iLiul HidUUuJ EM ibu wjiLut-drErb :u Ilhi^' ^ 4"y t^nviiu uf ELic'Cliyl- 
uErtkliiil piL'.xLm (iv"r wich l^in "]n]iymq(i]ri.tiii oil. li^'hriTip, Eiriiymc. .1^, 
Tbp m<>it]tii^ mTiivl ^irli tvikti^r nn'l it^Biii hcHted in tbo wiL[^r-lxi.tIi» fiviv 
off mflJiyl'tlcoLol ivrfocily ftco from oih kDd ibfi tllflLtlUic may ba 
iktajdiated by tivu dknUlbtJuim uvor «|LiJcMiu)u. <Kii.Dv.k 

Cni([v wauJ-M}irit 4!uiLlriiiii wuEit, uLvlbvl-iilnuEial. ikcvliitu of iiiL^ffiyb 
lifTionts iiul Ibu itLOtfittk nf WrMrnivtin & ^b vrtriiiir. In (hir lint c3iKti[> 
littiaD* villi lim^ ni?r.liTt^li:<rbfrl ik likoh-jn wtnrnloi) fraiu Ehip h^i^UIo 
of methyl Vrh&n tbo Jlftlllklc (144 ilitit b»u frooJ frvm cmp^rvuinBlJe 
ei3< Tl MMxy */til\ i^oitralnn <'> iJiblivn l^j l\m mulliyl-ttbvjhivC— IL^'Vr>ni>, 
Wi^ulii^tLiiEi A ^u^iwi-terr^i- nif^il^, Ui^iiticr vrifb it diiihII i^LuifLlity i>F 
«mpyiT"in!itui ciil [finmaiinV It i^ ihnTfnnp aalitratthl wilb rliioi-nb^ <if 
«aJiofi]iii, nnjl ill' HibElioik iiliitllTi><l in ibr ntit^T^bAlb wrlltNnt fiiirW 
■dililUri uf cMi'fii)'' vf on^^ium {vblob v^nnlJ alio nibin li^nr>o}i Hy 
ifaid tn«tiiieiit l\ic lih-n'tiji-aij'l Tim irkvir['^ <in< iiiuitc lo |iiui otrrr, t<i£Vilii.'r 
•ith » "mill <[ii!uility uf inflilivl-oloobul ; liiit b FOrlfkrn mrti'Hi i>f 
♦fnpriNnjmattfl t,\\ rfimiinji ^H^hini] wilb tlie friEiip^iiEiiiI of -■Iilofifjii of 
fvlrToni umf wno-t 'piritb llnnrr^ nia miimir llim rf«iiEiii it i tit nal^r ■mi 
^milUng, |inrc Ti]rltirL-ft1»livT pu^^^ i\fr m rlrpt, n'r^itirin;: nn^mly to bo 
rfcihyifmiH with ^nirklinic: buL tbr i(iiti>uijitfiit frtrhoii^ of t^o 'tiitillulo 
b*cfiti]a o>ntma4tly richor in umpvri^^iitn'k' "il, (WuijEannEi lit 1^U*eUtr, 

lfl», 101.) 

Pr^prrlin. TmnrpnrfMil, wIoBriim*, inflMlff lilnH, Sp.gr, OCSflat !&* 
(Dam, Pfll); 0'7n:i* nt a.^* (KnT*p- -fi'i /"/jt'^i- .V5, I!K^)i filTttO fct 0' 

t'*ift*. /"V U- 333: J-thi'T^tfr. I8l7-a» ai).— UniT*, umW .» ].r,^ ..,ri» nf 
O'TSl EUPl, aX fifl'i' (Uum, PaUn unler ■ pK^nt* of 071 ( ^i" «. ^r 00" 
(Knhn^; iiiEdflr A pfoMiirr "f oY.'-l^l "m^l- Jn contnfil wiifi j*biIiEiniii Wiw, %\ 
flfl',wiihriHH*iiily ip^itj^NhjirpiinibiiiiiKl rmimlwil^i ]if]|tiniiEi] ivtr^^. ii ai'i* 

^W««d'ipir^i(<iliil<itd pvrcuitivDcballlctun, horU iTlicu<lt«li1b^i1 nlonn nnif 
vilh limf'. "vfn in th« wntcr^baib puin. Prb^ vltbiVlatlmiTn vin Jtbolti 

Cn-|[yijUNirly ['^"PP)' ***ith memory El bnibi|Utally {pmA. Pal,, MlCMfivr* 
r^bj. — Vflp."ir-ilrnNi[y, I HO (Hjiin. Ptl,>i I'llJTtI (Kftur.),— Hm n pum- 
jUt M pnmt Jc o4flur, rciomlillng lb*t ^ ricoJirt amJ kOctki ucW, (rinuL Pdb} 




■nucA ^^. 






-^ H 







W.*T< ilufcj 




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I MM 



Aj iM f iiri M WL l» fb* MoH sf lb* i^vltak WUvvy. 







lfl«M^ lb* 



it mi frM, ubiU tU a»^q t*»4iiu btbiTid ul fqa^rvdlt fm&ttd 4><fl 
Vrnol-Kj'tril luEa n^ia ^ff tlif wAkd^>L'il fviilAiiM bj^iut« « iHtllb islH 



bMBietvf 4 Tottpdn. vlilcb vuri nouLrtD« pDie vttOil-ffwiL n» 
Inflnmo* it p«naplihlfl evm *Uan iBa qotAiiiTcf |4lw^bjr<lnM>^Di«* 

lA only f»,^ fun^ 4Ehl ihii iiifrT4v4 mrJuiV'n uf bjdfivgni ibtfUf 
pnHifM nr^icvH* tNl vhi'li ruqld In ilmiW mrrtly ft^l (b* b J^ 
lloi-VThfir jn tlio iiyJniio of poivh. Tbv iaiii(i<jr oTWik^ia tiiM 
fmn wiXHl-aplrii AiEtfaiiikia^ ^ Ji, pt if pou^by4t»Mb •« to Ibot vbkl 
bardrud in n rolt*i]i<iU>r trtriiULivituf ndiTuIiip.'^ vi.t«r. hihI piMvd i*<fa 
nmii rirnuit. hh I'l : 13,— Whtn tlm rlKLriit fvfrrm i*m%At la«(liti 

iinirtvr uf on hour upoa Trooilfpint wiitiviiinf tl^ of fco*«*fc-by4al» 
p vbloh ilmo 1 oiitilc ioch of Lydm^n i« anliw-^-Uw Iii|«i4 m b^ » 
MDUin *vbiln flakiM^ihjIijTi, uXtor v«apoFiiiuii wiib vbbw, ■ «liiTk 
'ftnmitltff lutfs HEiil [«a*«ii * miaH hnriru Tuiiim — Witb lfef]i{vr qHMlu* 
nt pnTiulL'hjiInt*. C3ubainU« nf pni«i1i in libMniii foiinf*!; » ^itf 

jHkfi^iTrnJfEi l|i« bfdlMlAn-HBLuT it do pi>La*(i, ILd llqitid Hi|Bni ■ 
Jibftrp IbhUi, LdHiinoa lurtiul uu tliu iiJJiCiuei 'J wtttr, ■ml mmvh ^ 
[bv «]]c)gr, |ira1vMjr fiy-m ■r<|»rir>^ii>i] nftn ally r>r vUivtral nhfltr 
A. Canncil. ri--jn4, Ji-J^- ^«- A\/V"^. ml. 4. LH^, UftTCb.) 

3. Wvo'i^i'lril vl nn flr« tn tli'^ lir Wii> "i(^ * Auoc lib* iWi i^ 

11 (hn n\-t^x. iiivi ifivot Ium %IiC tli»n in iilrrjluklAiBifi, (Onk.)^ A 



r« 



^r-'Kbrf— , 



Lum Hvnt tiu bwii lYiliW) Di«i»ly*r4joir'<» ftcrcc* bnfibi 

|3S)JVowi-i 



Jftfi, CA»»- /'A*'", ifl. 
i.bUck, tikc^n Hm nnil hiinii. jmiiluaiTijf 
,f<L) Pktipdju IWk projiJirml from i< 



-Irii. dnwal a« |4tl 



ljLlinat4 of vda by lb« MM af 




voOO^rraiT. 



Ml 



TonnTciLoiil) eoU drv to mxjJtpLrit Innnnftuitofy; pHtTnum-blapV obuStrad 
^m lEio iiao-iillov •ci* Htv to Vftpuuf nt tvonj-njilrii niJTtiL vitli air 
(llftborpiuoif S<tia: CO, iSD; Pap^. ^7. ftiW^I—WaoJ-npifit ruiu»ir»i 
miqU[»n>cI in viip»hf,4 imntnJiiinjj Air; liiil v.h*'n plrvirpil^ ta^fnilntf wiih 
pkLlcurn Mhi^k, iiiirj<>r ii m'-fivrT nol <nljun^k'<l ^f ttu, it U ilowly OWU- 
rertod, nidi evulnliun of ^&iX. inlu fomiio ilqiJ (Uum, Pel.) i 

^jftaay flmliinm mai«t«DCil tritb woo(l'*|]jriC docA not «ct Uf^^D Ihci luf; 
IfQt ir muiiwiftl at llw uum* time* filh ii-ran^ f^m^tfc pctf luhj il n^ir 

Hi-iiE, nEi<] Hhcrwnriili kiita wniVT tu^'l mrtinhio Jwid ClK^bovolner, 'Inn. 

S. WLit:u >lry I'blf^rSU" i/^' ■■ niiJuti^rL (tir''UKl> rfi>iij<ipjrit, ovtrry Iiri1>l>]q 
pmlqpoii flhiiin r^cl'lcitoiiii.lin]], witli Mi'|iamliuct 'rf rlmrrcvJ lUiJ ffrnkivEinn 
uf hyilntrhlorii' nrnl IT n.Tiy liuhhln* fniwi llimiizli wil.KnLit pnnliininj 
inHnintimlum, nnrl iiui tnlh the vapnuir nf vnnd-vpJrit nhnro llic [liiuM, ■ 
■till vi/-Tf vicibiii «ii>kitlvD i* produficiiJ. (K^nc) — V\'ood-ifijrtt iliHkaq 
iTito ft botllo liUm! wily Jiy uliloriuiJ gm jfivo* uut e«in\i|/ miy bcmi, inid 
b!t*ULjE)i]i>wlyiiY4'ii irifiiii'lilim. AIhu wtnn woi>il-apirit ji *]JtiJl]«iL in (bn 
tjiiulii iiii'l in n "tniniii of cblnriiiDgiu, d«(mi|>4nitiDii lalir^ |>hi|to «ii 'lovrty 
Ihiit kho ^Ufltillnlton in cblnrio* niHt l)ff frb^EiFmly i^}i(mtcil U^ion (ija 
(jraatioD vi liy^rotLlaiio oold cnvoL In tlij« reftotion, tL?r» aid ^pu- 
daood. Ill luliliijuii tu bjilructilvrif! iii'i(l» two cbloilaaifd Uqal'ta ^f vary dif^ 
Cmot vuikliliL^t till law vulutlbvf Uui two lurvui a L-ryHtd.lliiitf cvnipobnd 
fUL Bninoqin. (]>um. I'ol,) 

WhpTi dry chlnricic^ fH ■« f""**^ thrrrvjfb i fljuk wrUiaing wvod- 
«|iirii, ini] parrif»]tj/ iiri>i«clr-L fnniL Yii-ht (Lo nnltr to atnid oi|ilfi<Jon m 
ni1l(ih A0 piiwildi'], tliuii lliroihi^h u >;lrbM 4."iiiilmiAJiik^'lu1jo wjlh h nMWircr 
atl&eboif tu iIh— liiD w'Mti "j-jriT lioin^ tf*Tiily lutt&l ■* •udti m ili4 fnwFC 
rluloiil BDli(>Tk h tft*T, in "ril"T tra -Irivo <nil tbi' ^^ydropl|^^l^ic ncid vbifi}) 
frirnia in Ur^n i|rit[ili[y, — lirn Eiquidx nrp nltimiLlpljfimiii) b iho iTuk^ 
tb* npjipr on<^ l<i"ijr (ii"bilp kud ftirftntjly acid, miJ tho lower, vi-pld, of 
xUv fjfor\f\f Ktnv'ily <ii ell uf vitriol of lii^b Wflii;; i>otij^ httt dLAEtllinit 
Djutly nidi wblrfrn KTid bnviritf u iibnrji. i'h\fig tiuile. It iy>nUiinii H'SA C, 
I'SO ir ei['4l CI KiiJ loan 0; bmim it* faruiulu (> tifoWjIv CH"C1*0\ 
WlanD dfM-iiiii|v)h'id witL nlhidii>i, It vihMa an anuJ wliii^li iiiiirEJi h raduoinj; 
■cLiitTit ikii^l w E^torckin^. j'CvUiifis foniiik' Hoid, tri|E4>thAr witb m imw (<L|r»' 
rino-ronij"itiiid wblcli tirju ii fuwi-f boikln^ polcil^ ftud rwomM™ pbloi^fonn, 
bnt liu ft difn;tgur uduur. fFhftuv.) 

In niaUT uiiJ iu lh« ib».[«H itij cLIorlu* gu pu*c<t tliroujh ni\Uv- 
timiiw yiimil f,]^iT\U iliivfi ai't ptodnm fiarj «i|di>4ioi], iiDbvrilliiithDdJE]/ tha 
final PVnliitii^jt 'i' bfnT ivL>nb ncirnnpniiitfn itta luilion; |j|ii in aun^bLiii^, 
^rrnilfn^rinn nnd i>ij»1itfkLii] nrv Mrt^ilnwi if llic 3t<(iiid lio kftiir^iifdA 
wiLTTncd lEid til i>ru richly mtimtCpd witb elilorino, two itnUi an fr^rmod; 
the »\,yervt ih"ni ■■ utrong vquDUUi tydrucli^jfic iW*id, uuJ tlio funflf, 
wliifli ■■ itily ntir) mnianniji In | -t xha wuirfl-vpjrll iuaI, ti nKtlhylJn 
rblonLl {pid. ru/), — If. bnnrvcr, tlirt ttinid-^niril rimliilan mlnr nvcn in 
nniill fimpnrtiiin, thv irlJoiL of llic rlilonri? l« mn^^h iriom vinLnni; hhd if 
(hp iLqaJd. iftrr |icrfciTt HLtunEiDU vhh f<h.)or]lif. bt- bcalcJ fownrdg iho 
i^nJ of lUo ^lEiH'iiap, H diHik not Jd|>itnLta lpIu Iwu fllrBla) (iQtDci tbfi oililitiOTi 
(if WHCiiF, n xiiiilII pjunnlifv if nn <d3y liijmd Hipunitii*, wliirb, [iipwuviir, 
i* not nn^iKrlii^ chlomi, 1^i>r, irlilin chloral iq. v.) miniHtwd nf: SD'lil C, 
3-0»H, Ar'-TOCI. 3':)0 O^C'll-CJ^', Tbc fn^t^y/id o^omf obl&bod 



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CUmr. h —y W 4i<fl M »iifa>t hn^ iiTi jj 1. ih p flf.* frtfa» 

>Cr, M iilfc ^ l^lk* (ilh^iBg H f Ilia; 

y. ». Ak sat llL>*C—iliriM ifce iU» 




ltAl.C.i»ll^«an<k aoJw 



■fik 



■# tyiwAkri* ■■■J, 






■MMt^ A>cUmwW Hr pi r! V ««•■•■ ally fiHiJMUteMM 

wriiifiiiC^'CPO-, TWy w il ri li ■■ >rt^> €M4y wUUi > 
aImUI »i #<b*r. T miani b the »ir, «^ -nki^-, t^jMskMir^ 









■wtlaPtiBbariirtlvmacaviliU c«T*Uk Blrvadj forwd iii|B^ 

fiml «hkk «fcM nA*d uJ ^n^. b^ A* c^ayubUea C^ll^OH^- 
WU* Un «il7 IkiU («bt» npvw vriMV iIk cj«< Mfuwrj mJ 
lb»>k<i)i*«tvM«J,«iA»al «»biac to 1^ dr. h kiIUb » 
Frtaul*. iaiw » ■bAcc-uI'P«bH I«mh» uU etdllj nkUt « 

ti.-adywUa Ii«««>fia«i4 Ib hi:^ KnUf nyvttb, vM 



ht-P U>l » Ual 4d*ur IVr kIl kl 35\ ftB4 Oh li<|iud 



W0DI»-GPIIUT. 



S69 



W 



point Thii i.-iiii»|HiiiiliLin "f llinu nrvklcil" citm^Hjiotiil*' Li iha foriunlii. 
C"H*CK*'+ ?iHO- AlknJJi wi Flr"Ti]fV ii]*o"^ ttioin. ]d YJKiwi-.liHry jjivo 
off wMtvTUid offlonw^ I^Jr(ille-i witii (Db^drum pLo«|iliori? 3^mJh I^^J 
jialO ft ctiluurltv vulaiik- lii^ulil, CI['C1H)^ wLicli, ivLi?u ekpiiKd to tho 
UF, nl^nrhH waUiTp iitiil I* (n^iLTiirUMl tula cryiLalv. Tlii> cuu[m>iiuiI*, 
t^H'C'TO*. nti-i CH^CiK)-, may h-j ro^-i^pdi-U lu jn^^tonu, in Vfhhh |*rt uf 
(bfl Kj(Lr<vtiii u rppbcffl J-j cUloHuiis p'. .dna. CWi. Z*:*^, !El, lU; 
sbalr J'i.'ir'^ef. L. d' A. IMI-H. G7*>.) TT 

By di>lil1lrk^ voi-l •|iirtt >vjtli i>ajdD iif niHn0iiiiti»c SDil faydroehlopla 
■ciil a wllu^lulk iliitillnlu i* ulj|aii|dt|, wliic^b, &ritT tHitii({ wmIidiI wiUi 
wnlDTj i« iml'tiirktiii, nut iuduuim^blp, hm vi uuHviMiiit □duTir baJ tout 
latlo; liuife i-kJi>f\-'ia.tih^li^it' (Aimti ^xn- C^tm. TA^i. I|4, ltl]i; alio 

A tiolutiuii i>f 10 yin. uf ^jm! filikridpr i>f limo» ■tc4>Aiitvil from llifi 
(dmIuMc parftuit DTtJ <Iiiiii]1i4 ^viiJi 1 pnrt or wund-fipini, j^diU oblofo- 

A. A<iUQ4>Di trnoL) tjttPtt rnixvil wUh p^iUiili vij thvii willi iuJIno or 
broinmo r.hfl tijo \u\nhl I'ol;)!!* t^^ iIk»u lurtpiiltly, baiI bUnn fft^ullv ofli»|iu^ 
Mteiln V'fl-li iudufonu ut bTLiiii-rlurTii (l^rlurt, C"i*ipf. rrml^ ^S. 270.) 

5, aitatiii uilrtD «L«ii[ 3i:t> viul^atly up wuoj'flpliit wbuu liualwl, 
virnltiikt! viviMium of liyixiuiiricr unid, furmjc ncUl. and kuiiiiitiim<< nlko dF 
n^lKn ^'tlnT. [Oiim, P"l,) — WitJi lin- w*k«r r'ni-imim^l ^md, u'Hi(h]-ii|ikriL 

thty if iji^dlfid with^Jiit d<'Oi>m|Hh.itiftni il »• wily tiiwnr*i« i|ir I id lUft 

^iirtUlnELoD ihtkl iiDft!1 qnantlTJo* of Iho lliIW l^rniiiicle dEiuvC'iuriitji)iii>d 
a»eir«ioC (Dom, P*l-)— A mUtuM of eqnil vuIlium uf w-*HUjdrit 
■nd wiftwnlnUd nilric >imd» It^iiLlnd m a inil'iuLti pUci^I in tljn imliir^ 
bitlN, nvhiliitii iHiiiin tln/rpr it( ii\tunuvii-<nuK*, nnd whivii Kji^f ihr. t^^uid lipu 
lilrtiilml ftJC [p*vpp| a vi*lfrttripih li>mi>l irmy from iitulio Hpid, (Oco.*— A 
Tn[ltu» uf viivcl'«pfrlt, nlfT>o aoid miJ lodJoo, 9ct uMi> for mud tiiuo* 
JpiKKiU yrllaw FrT^talii; jf bTimiiuo hn tuUcituled for iurliu*, » bmvy 
■nf In iirkHluiiiid, (Aim^^ Ann- Ckm. PUjfn. 44, SlV, mIkii ^nn, f^/tttm. 

tt. WIjpb wood -pint u hcntpd in n rplon with niiraloof lilTcr bOd 
njirio Lcid, n* iti firt]jiirlDs fuIinii>ii[Lii>r tftJ«er with aJcobut. oaly n fvcblo 
fti^LJiiU ULlbL'n pluL'u, At fii'il u luU^rality Ijli^u 'iiiiiiiti1.v i( itiliic. mliBt 
in**i'i ihvcT, im-l vii ljiii]jii|f lUv Ijuiiiil. ii u'ltii'^ pnl^vruTuiil pn^'ipiiBEv uf 
umUiii '•! mknr i» dnfi4>viiih|, wIiIl'Ii iHiE^ninr^ mum runtijtrmbJfl Miv kiaifri 
|li« miitiufr II ni'vliitnjji'-d in a ilili^ of fllinlhlii^n, nmj frnnd^tfii JI and 
famine utii lo ociil mbkd lo ir 1 1'mv. IV] j --Wlirp) voml'^iiim \t Diiuid 
wllb K-id TiiiTviirio Eiilribl?, « j>rmlpttitLi< ■■ Jrinut'dlLkfrly fvririud, ouiiaivLin^ 
uf ■ vcllowoli ivIiilD, tr*iuuu» nriiAi^ wliiult riipirllv Liii.'nMaFfl uu turiliiT^ 
thu li4]iiid fnrn kburt l\aii:. vid ruimata iJ ii miirum of t At- nu^rcum 
fbnaialr vkh I Al- mArrumtif nitrilA; Imt ky rnnimupd boiling with 
MmD£ Tiltrifliifiidjt U iinnrorlitd inlf* vliil-^ pqlwi-nlnAl nifToaritf 0X4l*lP. 
(Duin. Vv].) TLu jvHowMi wblto. ri<«iurp»i |trLSil|i)tiio mmulof 71^30 

1Il4 fcrriuhli 

f<ptfiiau^A domt not ik^^f 'HlBciii^lly trail ivitli (hi« niiiily^it, ^ 

7- Woi>d it\fWh iiihn witb lil nf rltrioT, prytlnciinj; i^rtvt vtolbliiiii of 
}iftt. ritflipjt^ikt Ifi cjinvvrL n \nra^- |iurlLi>n of tlio iioo>l<<-pirit into Aulphu' 
melbjlio kcdJ, ^Lieb crj*E4UiA;i> by ■^uHuAUuUa i]V4p»uti<m- (Uum- 

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r—g Pi j i|ii li i<>iiWiMtoUilt73', M4CMHkj< imfjMliii 
to IV ^iH «ff uvIikM nU^firil* Ul il an* vUvutr hMii 

~ifc«»i« |*-H aw; »1 M IU' iIm iMtB» .nib *h CT*«u *« 
m4 • omM WiUM of A ML «il cf iriinvl k&4 S vvin; 

■ th»»*t W ^ W l K till M Urbl totWM, U« •«|4^<^ 

* ai^illrto B iiiM Hi pgof f iii uil , wwl-ifirit. sIMyilt. uJ ■ ^ 

lUid^tf pur^ f^rvir b?i^ |Whv ar^r If ftaiiittit oil gf titoi^W 

t. Flm^riilv vf b««a tomtctM ««a^ptrii Ima Bcehjtta Mter^^ 
AnlWnw ii^>vd-^iiril •turU gwffuto towiJ* *f binw, fcmiipg ^UivJ 
vhidi liBM in Di* hiri bafiB> lo 1mi3 Hi $0\ fnbv "^ int. vvu^^fU 
«Hk flaaridc of Unn. thwt tt 130', ■ •vmp^ud «f nvlti^^iW vM 
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siil till fOaiM oi«r, t«i-Ql!iQP with a ycLlow^ih 9i\i\lu jdly [rarmfrJ from 
tlL« uihpQ of the tolitFLJ Eri>]ii ivIiirH whUt ur |Kt()iHli tiapftrati^a a luflv 
.|UituLJIy of gUDuuk tnL'tb/I-clhur. (KiJJmnbn. Z^^. 3S, il3.) 

10- ^\'ul»d-■trlrii a7iki»rtu buL a aninll c|m»,nliLy i>f h="'^"<i* llmviilp vf 
icium, kiiti if •mlinriiitrntly iLi,^tUk"l, |Jlm** i^lT, firH^t ;l |H»tliiru uf ttl» 
aWihv^i llnori^lo of ■Ihoiuni) thun wiwuJ "|pi'H juiilvI w**Ij flunriUo of 
flIlirMiiii, (vrnl ]iihily. Hi 100', mi vWy ti^irnnNifL"ir. [KuMiimnn,) 

11 h' j*Liiigcrj(* g3ii. wuurl'ipitil ■■ -li'i-'UTLiiiuiril witlt tfrtnl tit of 
icmjxrfcTucT, vJislJijUf U/tlriicUlnrii: utiU uml formic clilonuotlijl-otbor 

fni*n' * sroci - iin * ni'no-- 

ta, Wood-*plrit trcnltnl wlili oHnPftWlpbnrlc o^M. SCIO\yiol'li, wJlli 
ffrcftt liw of ifrppamcLirp, n mUtiiro <->t]iLbihLcijf x \atjjfi qacinlit^ of 

^^h lA, WiHid-a|t'irit lolt'iil -fi ith *Jiturid* 'if tUiciM}'! Uvimuv vnry turbiJ, 
^^ud. J^nliK vihi'ii cliKtillj'il^ a I'lwik, nUhliiitjf liquid. (Kliulnivo. ^. Ami. 

^^^^14. PaDtiU'liIfjrld^ vf anhmoDT. tMqiJcliloriilo of IrODt ud^ioIdoHitv of 
iln, liCBlflil KiUi iLuliyitifUJ wDuX«pitii) ooDVDii li mL4> uUIuridirvf oMb^l, 
'll^CJd *nil if tU"y acl int\y in pirmlJ '{iiitiiLjty, liku^ikii vivu rinu tu (Lq 
ri>]iiLiuii uC melLjIic iftbtir. or mi i^tlhimaL lEi|u'id wUiuh imili at ^0^'; ut 
IB Jankit iJiutv *n oil^ hyitmoathuq pjiwoa ovtr, uid n r^ainuiu ur cokljr 
nAtat it Loft boLiud, 
!'*nU\fhl&tid* "f Autiwnfi/ mlxM wllh aolL^drflD* mrod-^pirll- iiroduo- 
"*^ VT4( lic^iit itiiJ iriiuruL'vciidi', and I'COuiirMi;^ uuloiirodf evub il cmlod 
by * frni«riHn iniiivin". TJit mimin" Ijoj^iiiK lu lujl hi 75% j^ivin/ off. 
fitil wotfUiinril, tltin IwIwhh 100'^ %iiA. lOO^ hydi'ikoblorkc vldn t^i^tlinr 
vtth ^H'Clj --kfiJ-rviLnlif potituhl^riii'^ of animany iiiim vritJi liintn t^o 
jipoiltiin^, nud iml'^r fpvfvrvUv fr\im ihih dihtillaU? 4 kii^d 4hf uk^ilbylio 
ttbcT wTii^h eonJcDKt at 0° (di^uicolt ibprofitrcv from lliat «!\\\Ai it fwtmail 
hj tlio A«hi>i] ufuil uf TiLriulJ, At 170 '< pawdot urnl^mF'LiLli w drmifliini ; 
VlXf', tlio ou]/ |irudiigtA wliicU pux ovur bt? byd'u?hlvnc imd i^ud h 
ijdrocarboii- 

(J4 pU. {t At.) "f ?»n(id-*piril *Ji«<^ilTfl HO ntP, (I At,) "f S^ftli- 

fUflf^iff ^ /ruH^ lutnntfic rJKp nf InotnrHni'Lhrn, iiiLd ritriiiiii^ ii |ltK.>k, jfloti- 

nou ^9^"^' '""* l^^iiid Irdui ti> Wl at t^n . ui>d ngt U> ilir't t<?[iij4Qriittir4 

l^vet oit dilotlde of rupibyl, tfi[lif>ut a^y wuod-<|i»f*ii 1'^* thu*, wbiuU 

MimiM iKiulinua^lr eWIot. ieUca oir, littvfCti lUlr itiid nu''. ah jiildj. 

tioimJ mruitily nf rLili^iiUn nf niotbyli b^lbn "nHli « LILeIq LTilmiiblorl^ 

M^ld : ibrn, lifilwrt'ii Vl\t niid l^'i , ii«irinll 'tnnnlilv "i niiJniirlMi dt»ttl- 

laLo, 1riJi*> irhtrli mtlrr <riii>r'tl'^ n Ii^I>l rthi-riMil nnid bdrnin^ wUb & 

t»Li(ii Uunto ; and imtadj |]|>rrfll<'ii iriworMii ohtorJfLp nf mtlJiyl, Al Nil* 

ftfij^^ill 4|ua.E]1rty *A tiiiinr'iAi- v( iiioUiyl jfi'H *iff, lusclhat wilb * Ijirj^ 

<|itBiimy I'f SvdnrtbtEirif' uujil- DuiwMn Hi' uiid Ij^O', ih^ umiv m^'iriMl 

^rihLhit'tJ ii]i^> tiwir, liiit lll'<^l1lJ^ nn EUiid Lj^md, fri'iti wLu:h »'ii1iir«p]ttiri\liH 

■ irwr "f oil. Tlin nvtiifiLii in ihn mldrt i* 4 rtrEtnl ^A'y mixlLirr- *-f ••\mt- 

^^ cod ut4 fiuro pi<>l<iahU<rMv of inJH— Willi l::h yvr- (4 A: ) noyd luirii 

^B^v lot) ^Am. {] AM tCBTiiiLoMundo rif 'm-n. iho triLuUnD hfcina lu bipil nt 

^B >LM"t tivt civju^ uil wuMdnmi'it, jmJ uL J:JU , likcftiic cldurida uf im^hyl. 

WnU^ iict|>iiFiLiu> (una Uirii diiililliid^^ n miull ijiuLiidry of a lufliL ai-bor, 

^^ plmd^r to ih" iiimyt. atid |M»(uN|b rv^Uui fraiii iL |pu«'uu> dblurJdo uf 

^■mulJiyl. nrLiT?«n IdU'- ^-ind 1 4^1 ', |P«"ri>ii' rliLorido of m«i(h%'l iioMoa i^lTi 

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Woed-tpiriL, — AtcWiui; tu WilUEUtinnn. Ilia «Dtnpoand' (orxurnl Lf Lhv 
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WooJ flplrit 'liflrtklvi** n itniiil] qvaaiiiy of I'ho^fhM-M4, furiiiJDii a 
•violjiiu wl'Jl<^ 'roPH nvL »ll4>r wlioci Itopt fruin Ilia nkt, (XotiOy-/. /r. Ca««i> 

|t diiaolTM thn B^Hrntf* of Puliuk wH AWa in Ur^ i|iiiinlilLH. 

ATthjTLom 4vuui]-i'|>irU piiK^il wiili Htthy^lruuk /^Hij-^ri Lotwcnc* ifruagly 
1i(iqtiii1 uml cliwiflvi'ii it almriilniklly- Tlk» i^rULlinii, if r*>i,pi.mLuJ ill vrHrua 
nflAT QllnLil^m, Wv^i' u nryliilliim iMiii^im'] I'mitAJniiiL' tlui tM'o eiili' 
■Innpf^ ill 'iliml minihr'm nf ntnTU". Thi? r^ryalAl" irlifii Vi'ininiii flrit. eivti 
<i% wLthvDt B^'parcnt UtviuiloD^ a lli]uid Ff^ruibllrr^ wuoJ^pim^ IhfiD 
fiuv . kIv^ uU'iLii ull ; mid [i^uvu a, filjiuk iiiUUru nf ubo-ruuiil aud rutlnf- 
naUi E>r liHrytn, (Duutm ^ lVi|i|fihto Thir tHiiiLpjiLEid >-iviH ulV n ^iw 
trhiuli j(iinilJj> lihtt miJtUylin i^lhr^f ninl himn- whli n |>Jtln blmi ETiunii,— * 
vnirmlimiu hIh^ n kinsir i^ujiiiEity of oriipvlrUniiiEiD ni1, (KniilrniLiiu^J — 
WhoD vnttju wocd-r|)Irit i« imirblod with dry buyto. tLe aQtiiLiH^n yirlJii 

B|nHt uunrLv MilLirntoii ^viili buryln ilijJ lIivii iliUiUnL wiEli ufr v^pird buLk 
<if waldr, dupuiiUji imrElciL i*r ib^i WryEd ni cryHtiUliuo liLmbm, (Pjiynir, 
Ann Chim. Hv'- <5.^. VH.) 

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irflli jL a LTvnujjJcK* itmn|>iim<l. [Ihi'ii. I'c),^— Tbi> net «f nolnllon h 
niXi:'iE]]aiiii'<3 tiy ■ rice vT tuniif<cm1urt« wliivli brm^fi iJid WkMiil-vpifit bi ifig 
Inriliuji poiiii- A> tho HilumU^i wIuLiuri [wLii-li \d *yri*|*vl w*t\K th* 
cuio['UUi>'1 f^ryqtnlUttw iu bui/. ■Iiinlbf, Aii^aJdeO UlliA 'A'tiut UiBlv«J 
nlunr^ it ']*\'-^ (K'T. L'kfu nlT WLK>i|-A})lrii tifi tbi^ Lnmpmtuni rim maoh 
alruVD 10(f , anil a «till tnk'bur U-rnji'riktiiro ir rt'i)iiiiiid U' dririt olT jlII Llir 
WDod-firrili Lkud luiL«u rbo <.'!hlufiJo of liiHutii |jurv; bul if diluUJ vilb 
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A'v- -''■'*' ^*- ■">— J**^ Pfciirm. 3, 14r: H, lse,aDd53, Hi.- 

LiCJ^", J", J ^,]"W- IT. t^. 

"n.,- If \E :;ai=rtf •:-{ acts Lit Wc bwn Ijiiowd. Suniwl Fischer S« 
^iijiil'i^i ibe^ :t:hv:--i Mtr^znS- An iilif.ii & Oebra, HrnDbslidL itJ 
KiohiiT. fSiinic^ it-.' af>J Bii^» minnielv. Foum-oj A VuujiKliD pre- 

iras iA,'7*ir*i* c< np^i^lT rvfoTeJ hr^ufrsfn *nd bT Geblen. Brnplim 
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In SimAjiJt priv*aimMi]{\itvUifVja«Uu of furmio avAi\. IliH^un in (Ins 
free conopotralv-l fUitfi tn 4JI imrUi tiril]i.< oitni'^nllrLF^biit GP[ici?iaEly In Uio 
itBd*. ill (tic ^^rlliiHmb uFtDD JLxii!i] wliicli HiiUu uh tniikiiijf an inoikiuii 
into tbc luiccL. iirnL IaiiV. in (bo hall'jw, v^'iy hi'iUU liair". T^n cmu- 
tnvrciitl vjl uE Lurprnttiuiv^wl^'Tkr-K ii may hty vitrm-iMl by niEltntJon H'itli 

ciiilathiLi III rlir> llit f it MniiJirii nj) ael-i r^'noli'^D fu (Ii0"tl, hiiJ ^iohi-a n^r-r 
k*Kii o^HCOi}* ii"!>] ^Wt lV- vi\ IB <lutt]]i:i| wiLli Hiilor, j^^ejijiPii. Ahu. 
J'hitrm- ti, 20*,f Wboo (ji1 uf tutpiiLJuu 1* kspt ta Ifttdon fMaoln, 
«r^r1ii[j< of fonniiUrt <'f Ina^l iirfi M<iii"ti]ni4 firiHlnrrhtV (LiiurciEit» /Vn^ 
Sc^mtifr to, IW, u-Uf /. ;fr ^A^™, J?, flUI )— Fr Miillir (Jn-A, /%znn 
[4,^ ,M, I4l>) nldlra, itinEij^h in)l pfmUl'i^l?, iJiil fj>rniio ivid 4m i^nrnpliriirA 
pmluHil io n. AJPLilnr monnorfronjoilorkmuu*,— In tho actdlpt of f'i/t'i^ 
Affin. taioawhitl moru aluuilanlly b lliuiu wUiuIi fnll 4ff, tlmn ll tboiO 
wbiub iin^ ilriuJ wliik frc^*!! imil unKtit, (.\ iiiliuir. A' //r^ J™A, lO. 27*-) 
Th [imi^n^itiilhv, wliiE^h liiul t>iiiiri nniKl fur Utfr-Cn ^iiid liiiij «tw]<l fur iiuviiniE 
mnnthi ninrln ii[r itjti> ^l Ut^i]' niiil ''ipoKil to lliD n.ic, tIi{> uiid wiu fnniimf 
■o fthnikdajLlly, ibnt an i>pi?TiLn^> iho Leap, a vor^ nar tmtH of anlt wtti 
«]nllMi] , Lcuu 1l L< frulialila eIijlI iUv m^Ui iu ^U may b« <lofivciJ fiura 
llm |ruit4^fyi'iir iLi-ixIlai i^f vuriiaiiM kirnlti uf (liiKip luunmcudi u ttuH iii*i»|a 
aliouxULlwnya "tciVu (!iuir iii\-tH tlinrnin, (Kixlurit.iiiihur. Jbti, /Munn, IT, 
l#Kr)^n iFiD mini^ml rt-nli-rnf I'riijiiEinfun, inj.if SrmulHUK, JPnllruliofrr, 
H-^n. JivA 7, HH,J — Thojuicoof ^Vtf»pfr(i>ri'JM fifl-HrwjTi, wWii ■liitJIlM, 
ylotda 40 ocid wLJeb »duovi Llit? uuIiId motalB JLko fitrinio %pui, but fi^rm* 
wilii umri'iirout iiitnUu lii x'IieIu piiMjrjhiliiui, innu whivU (lie cnrriil it iiol 
rvdimod till *K<i mitliirq m IinH^^d- (Ilolnfruiii<!f, -VtA*- fl?J, iJtfB;) 
^ Aairurdiiih' to Onnip-Hnmnpi: [A urt- fh^rm, Bll, iltiW). (hf fruit J>f llin 
KHp-tr?V C^'itfiJi'ifCf iii/>i}iiH7^j'i}J liiATUlrd irUli (r-ilirr niL'l Aiilphunn iituX 
yloUle « JlBtilliblft orpnlaiiiirj£ fr^riii^^ atA Wtyrio ViMh ToniarinJA 
Aimilitfly trviiLfliL y\iAA funuii; kinl rii^Plic ovIiJa, iinJ vuiJt nil odour of 
bLttvrii.' U4!ifl. (Ifhm|>l{uinn'-t roiivMvF)' il il'it inipr'jtinblii (liuE thL-ie ikriJ* 
msj hn f^irmi-d hy inul^ilinn fmin tlm lartiu-jr viul tHrijfiriiilh' <:inii3in"J in 
tbo frLiilJi, — Formio uiiil Iji il1iii> fkiimd in ibn mien vf^ ilin tliugiag 
votllo. {Gvrup Itomn^ii, ^ff;<, /'/ftnH. I'l.iU'i,) Alp" Ju tlin JuHvnf 0«h 
df (OflJi r^iiil irtlicr mniruiinbii, Tuf^tbcr witli HLVtif^ n'^iJ aiiJ vtltcr ctvhld of 
th» Mriti* (CayO*. tiKkiur»4i.«/'Aj™. 70,310} fl 

/Vnw^^. Id ibff oiidMion of *rwnl r|iLrit by tbn »ir in pp^nWic* cif 
pln-liiioiii, vr by iiiT.ni' hf-hL ([luiiiBi i iVIiflot.)— !t Uy ItirntiJi^ win*.!, 
■pirit *iEb II iLiiilurD ul lima «iiil byili'u^ o^ puEuli, {i'uiuac A Sfu,)^ 
Zt. Ill tliv .WoiiipuKiMHi iif diluFirfunu, btrmiuCuiui, Of jiHliHrurm, by 
poU^h, — I. Ill tlin dTii^>uipi»jii(iii]i (if Uyilnioyimia wld hy [i^UaIi, ur by 
tbo Aintiiifor nii(ior4il (uiMpi, (l'i>lomj% 'tnn. (^iv- Ph^w- tfi, -111.^; Gi»i^r, 
^Mfi. f'UiHTt. 1. 41 1 — 5. Ju till' iluoun^HrMti-^ii of *»iii]in homj by bf«(. 
(Gay LiJUBjc, J^ri;r. Cftim. I'h'ii. 1ti,Sl9.) 0. Uy tho«t>inhi]AiLoTL of vIc»thoJ 
ar dili^rr in ihfi Uit]T>H<jihr>ul llmnv- (A- CaiinuU, /'At/ Ma^/.J ]l,i^l3,— 
T, Th l.lin prrpivmhfm i>f iful'if^jmi fr»m ■U'uEml. iuijliii% uij |Kplfl*iuii]. 
( HnnirlnLnlar )— ■(< Ry tKi.- u<lJnn of tbii nit tiq nn iiluulioliu tvlulmii nf 
p(A>b. lA. C»rofll. jV Ad I'h'd J. U, a;*l ; i.W> ><W- (iw, 1!1.)— 
0. By Ut<!^liii|^ dIouIid] viib ttiiric ftcid, ^(jnnlticr de Clfti^biy, J. i'harv^ 
Sfl, SHI , UiJpiin. X /, /'Ai^m, fl, aao.J— 10, lu ibo Je^ftuixvitiuii of 
ahlitml nf bfi'ninl by iai|itiH>iiJi {Mtiiub. (LinUf;,)^]!' Uy boiUu^ viilur< 
(rcliri BfU ^rilh ri[*44fl of polwh, {niiin&«-)— IV. By UmiliDg (^dilnift 



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of Mln-r rmriiir<l>^ (flu[4«lb<*fD> J**- 

<v mnt^lt— «iv tijut IntLhl. |ba» t* gr»iA « 

fM«^w4>l.ii nnMi£-<niclt[iw irvlMikdi{lWb^ 
W «auilHl with n fiia'! aIU^ nfB» ■ j-lliv 
bat I— ■ vff cr U daoDvpn*^! iriv« tW t M — it t^tfmrattL k ih* 

JBiiMi liiLllfclr "n -■■— ^--"'* Tnrrl ttIi if ai^pTl 

MikTMh1tfiri«VMlTu0P«niiMBfjr. Tr, )«,t, »V; «««. Jil-M 

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■taK«t f«t vuly ftruv> »na] jiziuDk 

jifU BBV* vcn f^^MiP «^ "!■?« diKilUJ viih «ti «! •in'W, «^ i 
Minwtt «f ibt •uWUit'T «ilhiii o^irat balk ri Vila, An v^aViBl 
■m»V w^hmk wtl fcrrH |>«i^iii]LN4tf CEiiiftDeK: for dw hiiw mjimmi 
WmUmMf ViMlllj vf U>r fo']i>ir v^ into iBfbvn BriJ aad bvIB 
MUfT fihti^rTi ■ tvlitjk •^*l nw «ir«r; fcul u warn w iv4v>- 

■■aXu ! MvL fc<ifcbriiW fif Im, u4 oCfaoT w««<f«£nwiH iiliiti—t ■« 

b «ri|tkww nM. (RiMtri, 5'V/. .f.<r, /. St, l«ft; >1m ^. pr. Ok 

^11 l*fc)— li*w imga ^ im ftft'f Ix^i fmni! cHTMt fcj Ib^ifl 

If/ r^ rif« It l»K M4S«rahjfi*< r/'A.;. tf^. V, IS, Itt; lUi* 

k«««> MnAy <'«<«'« M^ r**--* '''*'' ^-'^''^^ *^ ■<^P^>'* ^ 
Iff^ Jm. M«-^ 3t. fll.K-1 l>v P.^{Vh ttercb. ratts^ ^^Hfll^ 
,il-iiii •! N"B* <«&U^iM ^"* ''"^ r''*^ TrfWHilft «f ^^^^^^| 

^ pf f^«t tbt M<>H w v"T Tiolnat. CTilDrMr *f i^ ■* 
hHbtIvvi* vkb ■ vJatisa i4 nJaluic, ftnaii* cf ltBr«J 
fiHiME |4tf>. /. TVm, r. 4«T: X y. PSmrm. U ■*> ' 

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Mill; buijinMiidflryBtiJ* wiibo»hlfloM*ii!ilifl'oi*alfn>n» iIioh nnormintfl 
of tiHvl,— Til tUn WRitliiirJnif I't liritwn iirqJ nrntiiliti]]^ Imii jijril4K, it 
Htranif iiiliiiir af fnniiti nriil Unftnt, ovnIvrH, (Aitllioii. /C'perL Kli* tUA,) 
— 'Wlon 4 At, nf irDD-dlLogi kro diitlJJDiJ witb ]| At. LJLrUrJd iLiiil 
(OJI'O'*), tbfl vatict lu t]i« nc^iTu ADijalrca an odoar of ont^, iiB<l rJiv 
pri>|WFLy of KHlgL'iti^ iiHiLhJUc uhiJv'^i, (AHIU, J. y. Chm. \2, 2S1 J — 
ArmnlLiif Lu Ottlml {N- Ti; lU* 1. !\4}. UiTiu'u^ !U!id u |inHluui'J m tliv 
ilrj clUlilTnttijq af nrgjiL jKot ■ULtitfocti^rilj' pmvttJ.] 

Prtpat'oUi/a. I. /n ^f h^raftd ilnP. — a, Frtm ^inf*.— lioil 11it« 
■Ivimfy uiii*|]Uil, ijF limit vA|irrjii^'«i1 jiiiwt bLfO Ji«tilliMl , (lio rliP- 
JIjlU? mLtiirnuiiJ wUli iwLiuli, Khin, <»ki'lu of Iciiil itr uiiilf; t»f ci'iipcr , 
in vblutirin i^^-iijMiFiLti'd, whvrc^EiiKin th» vuIsJlIo oU uF jmiL* ptUKV 
tr-)rPih4^r Willi tbo wnlor; anil iho ro-ii^ip^ or thn fumiijiio |mrifi*ii 
rfl<Ty*UlHflmioii. i|l*liU<*il *v\t\r iV\\ui4- iiilpfiuri-' iin;l. — t M«r^ 
kf Jinlili till.' riirE* wjIIi whk'rn lill FiiiJf I'ltf lii|Ui<l liiu- ]4ri'"<'<l tiwt. ini'l 
irii i]]i1iJ> ufT Lhr iilruiijf4'r idul (nnri llti' K^uiJ 'jljIriiiicJ [yy [HTt*nijt lliu 
irdiir — //r Arvl'l"on winli(*« tlio anl* inn In/ witli aoU^ vf\itvt-, ^vliauHbi 
n»pi',itfl-ily "*tli ImiliiTff WTilfr, jiro»»n« titP rviiidun, uml il^pliU the 
iquiJp iliM" tibutiiio'l — 'I- llorfiihfliJiil; i]t'til« tlhr jn'ric? npn-^ml fn>iu 
Ivtri^ iinr* williiiiil a>Mitiiiii M ivulor — Kli]ttU'i^ ikuil lihc^ftic I^uorwu, 
iI'mEiI ihc iulL< wKI] ! of 3 liiuf. lUcir bulk vl wuivr. I'lil thv ditl'tlxtu 
tvriiik (u ptlii^it hu oinpj Climatic ucli^ur; Uu rviidu^ in ihv ntutl. 
wLicU nUll nonLaiiiA fifrimu Inaiilf 9ui'i9i>ii xivEiii'ilv* wiUi cirbonaM of 
IK^rn^li; lio (1)011 Dlti^n; prL^ujpiiAl/vi ifuFiiritiM by inhLii^r x trmU ijiianlLljr 
cf formiiiEu iti lifOfl, ClTocrti o^ii,|jrtmlfti; tm*l <3wlil4 wuli *ii)pliiirU' uniil. 
•'-q. Buiulju* ilitLiln llie mtiAbcd ■uLj ^vjlh wuli^r, wbpi4.'upuQ ii jinrtion 
«f Uiti AcIJ p:it»uc uw; hv luoroDiVOr pnuc* ih* ntkUa : di[(i7«u | cf 
Urt juicu*. conAJjirlji^ irlijitfly i>f tmlif unrfDrraifl iLcii1» wiib iitiJ^ uf Um), 
nnf] tibfi "iliur H vkili i^rrnMuilj^ of linini Iki tlinn prLFnipitikl.if On^ m^iiin 
Odd in 11i« Iftirer lolmioD by mi^ftn* of tho formor Hohmniit vrhick con- 
tvJni lrfl.ll; urici wliicbp liQ ULtcn, uvupomr^, n.ii»| Jittlti irUb tDljdiu- 
rit *(ipJ.— f- Of'UluEt Tmulmlln^H llio ajit-jui™ wtil> curbuJiiLitt ipf p6Ui*|i, 
wUii^li hti nthU ill sU^lit ii<i-ii4>; ptiinipilatc liiiinitil nialUirji by fiprrio 
ffljIplinCi- qddfH] ulnn iTi iliifht ct[<i^>i; lllrnm; pn^npilnl.pi tlii- ctdi'iM nf 
Ino'uli Wilt oLitUiEiflU of poLLAb; ovij.ninTfct<-i ihni lii^uid 1*4 ilir (^irnii*- 
tcBC* uf ivrupH nnJ diiLiU Willi mlpiinric opirl. — q, CriHml ciUiiTftlCi iJm 
tapriwi'd imisf h'iLli puULnli. jiflur ffvl'ifi^ IL fniiii uil, utniHrFUlft, uid 
duLiN tKr bla^k-larovn l'1^']L3ll1l n'ilTi ^ ud of irllriid Mild 1 witcor 

Tbo vorT dllulc jifiLi ril>tikLniM| Ijjt itilUrr (jf rlKmi- En4>lb«l'i in ml-itn^QiJ 
with tat\fv[ialv vt jjv'aAi {Kns\\Xf-r, SiiHT-mii, *<idft (LfwiUi OrihU'ii), of 
Djddit uf CLipiMT {(luldi'uiH lUid tUo drickl Ti4^duu--of, «Lcq oxiJc oJ 
ri^jtii-ir in hihhI, tho rry-tiLlji iiunfiwl liy rojuntcd i!rvi>UUiAt(tiuii- diitdliM 
Trilh nd iif vUviol ^Ki<ilil.ir, nuldnn). ur wjOi ii uiixturu of I pi, oil uf 
viLnol liiil ^ untci ,Hiji>rj|pn l. i-^r wirh puUiirp>i'<[ l>L<Ldphiil-< uf p4>L)>l] 
(LoviU).^f llm i|UJiikLily of w»Wr pr«cn'. \tv too*jnalJ, it lur^o jimjmr' 
tiriK H^f ibv fiir-mlL- iu-ii[ Ii diii^>iji]«>ai-d, bijiirn airoTki; fLl of i jtrjrl mii|)»1 

|au UH-I fh>r thll rtrihUfttiorir AeI^ Vlll]^i]lErTTllJJ lll'ld lllUl IIIH^' llr.' E-TWEtt IM 

rfBi«Y*ii by WMilinnpd ^lEjjrtithiii ^viili lurnlEirn ; idhi WmmliJ^ric mrid 
(BTOOfrodiUtf firtiij tliQ *arbunjklo "f p<ftii.hj \ty niiniuiEi, of Irattf^ liy oiido 
tif •ft«t<f. iG'jbul } 

fr. /'rc4n ^'cfT/<^r/< curuZ^^-IO |inrl4 irt tAtUttii -vl-l nrf* milled wltik l-l 

Snri^ iif mi([o of tiiringAjii-w, nml fnnii 30 to H imta i>f va(tif» and 
jalJLlcdm aoki>Viiau< rotort 0>'>Uniiiv,) 



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vitbmHiilaB<^«aHl|iDt*i4«l^ vIumI afrj vain ■ 

^ I pita ■awfc»«j»J»fUHf4inlSwlj | aBD a .JBiif— ^ 

[<a4 « pvu «l «itcr b ft «fr«r«ll: -i ptf^ vf od of fi«n«l aJMtf 

■HI 1^ cBVrtAla WiK I* CibA 

^mI •». *n» 1)^ ha ■ dnvt J 

Pfr« p*r n m. *f in Mtl^Mtii U k^ IflW diidilliiiiM It 

b ■ rHitft ttu«Mil «l « viM, il b ■efMiy, <■ «fd«r to HWtsi ficdte 

««tr, la tmkv ABitjr 3? f*rU <f iwiijiiwr, 3 vMcf feB4 S ul ij# vkll^H 

Ifwl tft >ttiv^; iU twtan mt-i bai* l<r iteca the Mk nf li* 

,1-m vUcb mtidlM- 1» ^r nut *A 4ty cuWuM of 
p^UDIiI* AbUtbfJ ritbtr fri'iii iWe ntort or fr«m ibv wOM h rln>if4 
«UlB Mbtttui*^ mid if ihc dutilUtiob Lai Uvn anlrj lod f^r ~|W 
Guwd ■l>i> cvDtuB* ml^vt^iiM vii- It Biuii ibcifinv W ntarplMJ 
inib Awbanftlv of limr , milk tf liatn vldnl in vidM i» ^ o ^nt i ^ 
tAliii icld 'uT^liilt of Umt ivu ibo srolnl iuvolabU tulphil*^ iW llutfl 

i!ii(i1]«l,iillirrinll> t Ma. vil oTviiriol kiXil 1 whIct— vhcfvlnr 9 p«ik V 

of tiMoi ^-t 1 1 irai4?r, Ipy vhieh b liifhlV dmHolnUd ■«*! iaftfcimbf^ 
^Tlit Mmiffttt fci'L ihm AD t# prrpml m iIih ninn** u TtitalnH ^j 
dlitlllinj 1> y\*^ of finvlir poumitd n>railBl4 nf I*^^-! "Nli |4iL ail W 
tUriiil Mil I |it. viter in ■ diloriild of fjlttian Ulli. Tka Jialittiflr kn 
Adnw.lT of 1 IM ■! ny. (Lii*%->»^ TU EikctlioJ "T-mntriri V 
CTm* (.V, ^. J*4ifrtR, *, :<in) i« ift mil .VH) irnn. cf *Un4 wttL sWt 
IW, of (]Uii(tii«H; jikn ihe nilitarv id n *lii) hftvmjr ■ n^tifttj i4 D 
*•? M liffM; tdd J mrr t,f niAf; ilicD • rolinif* '-f V kUrpuib** ■# 
«|] ijf viLiiul *)lb y tilnv of wurcr. ttiniujt (bo umluK v*D; aoJ dMC 



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■Ihinirlir itcjil lic^niJ oivr hn ihaH tiiimnit^ om, cvittntn'ing 

d. /'rem i^tfjw^. '^f'iiT-A. Of tt'uoJy ^'Hrrf. trilA SutfiAittie Aci/t.^^Ont 
mMvnrr i>r ml of viirinl, 1 mffUDn of v&Ur. unci ] m'TiKiiM ftf m, 
v-bail^ nau, or coanvZr hn]l«v<l maim, mm h^nirtH tn^ctliot in b efkm 
rvlort tU^ flio IJijunJ WO*, i>np nn^rHnrp nf wnTrtr )• ii4A^ m •non u the 
■Fun* hiMiriiicjii ULtprriii^^hl^ii lilrioV . iiif Ilt^nM 'tlhtiUe*! ull tiW iHouAUfi^ trf 
d]»rrtiiLlr liiui i«Jii*''il»i'L^r; iviiutln'r iiii'il;i«]ev uf waTrr ail'li^L tit ihr Ftividuri; 
Mul tKo ilffiLilkliaEi reperttoiJ villi 4 frrvlt n^n^ivcr Tba 5^1 ifiptiJIitit 
panvi&ts Etf «tTDm- fnnniD lici*!, ^twrtUy free (ram tulpliuraut uud; thn 
Vftmnd ia vorj *3ilDti.t unil oflim douiuiui BiftpKLituaH ikcid] this impurely 
aay ho nmuri^l hy a^iliitliig ih? wtd Ituiiii] for a «horl Umo wicb 
P^fuiIiJq uf 1^. — Thv utgunJL' m^llQF u«i><l in litis i^rMcn^, heiiiK of it 
gnaoliu nature, dou* nnt ewdl upeo ravoh; boavDthQ TM»d« uncJ ut^d 
■r>tl»Hi Tu-ge !U IUoh^ rnuLiired in the prcceif in^ ]■ rwnrai'i-H, (EiTimtit.^'i//t 
Anur, J, dlj» 14^.J — Carillon I utiiin Ulci7fl |iliLi^Et bDfnnr huiling. mj iWt 
thpro i'l ni> i>-''iiftion lit wait till thi' ln^ytit ]jri'!«. Tho foMiljim i4 vaU;t 
OABHi rb« hoi laiiM I" fh'lli o^of ; lii-iKSb it In uHtf'Hary tolvllJiQ luiiturD 
CDol baFure bJUErkU fr»li MiLrrr, ]n iJ] we>» froKJilng and builiuv 4v«r v* 
Twj" lik*}y lo Thi imrrluixkL by IL tliji^lil rill of UiLMp*mlitrit; IniJOK (hn 
rftc/rt nhoiiM |ii>M itt imnt Srn limDH m inunla v ihn tnEunin nf th* 
mriTiiri?. Thn ihiiuLtjiCii it ir^r Trnni liOntm imiil, iml nnntAinH fnrfHTnl, 
■ilircb may he rpmjmvJ I»y pthi>r, (KHmiLUn, ./, ^r C^^fn, Ifl, 1T#.)— 
Sf^Tiliuiiii- 17'A<7. iMifff. J. is, 122) prooeoJi in fh? ia.ino m&Eiacft u 
EuLnniEh f'lr lUd prrpimrlua uf furfiiful anil furmio scid, oicaptiu^ llial hn 

r. Kruirt OA^riHe Afid — An JuEJircjU! JitliCvre of oiilic ai-ii] iimI very 
inn i]iiilf1j miul ik iliiEJlloJ lu a ^liu^ luUirl, nud tUo ^iiLillatu FrL-ail ftvm 
axnlid nciij tiv fn'tjiii'iit icrtifiiiLlJori, Tlir- prmvw yiulilii rvry imn 
formic Hciil iti x highly ni'iiocutiuiod nUEn, (ljcrluirdt| .V, AniL. C^iin, 

rUnM-i, no.) 

S, /m fAf iiTihyilr'jut t/iOte. - Ful^ciritnl furiuiiiU* uf liihl ilrityl by hint 
b iolrcKliiDrid iikUi u Inng fliWH tiili«. frum I ta B tjiinr in widlb, nnn piiiJ 
Vfhifib Ji dmwh nnC mtn h niBrmvr npck, lumral donnvnrdx nhd inpdrtrd 
a 4niiill nxvlvcr; Biilp1iiir^tli^>l hv'Irct^ik dnnd by fhlnriiln tif ni.]clui4i 
iiilo cbc tutiv nt ibo ulLr?! crjii, till Uio ImJaII lflonmjitfiL<^ly 
J: a ifoitcle bont ii|h|tFitii lo ^THvo Iho formiD Aotd mio ilio 
neaErer; mud (lie acid npoatadly builDd tu frtMi it fruin Bulihliumrtwi 
hyilrr^rn, If l-btf tube M Im strmi^'ly bvatcd. tlio *ciil bviiomHfl di>ii> 
laiuiiAUt'l mtli dmompiMttinn-prci'liicitB vi>DLiii[*Jii£ HtilpUut. {Lji!lfi^'.) — 
bineiLii ^JitTApt, imd. I!*. TOP) pUMi^ »lry nftflrfPiiiP .nud *,''ui tlirrtn^b tlio 
ditlilUtD todrivo DfTtho iinl|>bapelli)4i by4rk>^-n. vi-l tooIlIIu> it» rrjovtiiig 
Oi* finrt p</Ttiojip wh»b bUU tmuJib uf 4ij]j>b uj-ctlnl Lydrugvu. 

i*r«pevii^. The u>bydri>nA vdd nnliil'ttlr* >t —1' In ibiniii^ Umiiiic, 
■litrb DiffH iL< + >^- At ordEaary lompprfttQrot ti fATDi4 h thin, tno^ 
|ar«hl and cuLourlfiH liauhb ^^f ']>- ^^- i'2^23, wbicli hiA\t il 00 £>' (bu. 
IT in. 10 tinrw), (UnM^^) — AcAitdiu^ in Kupu ^yEtA/wfidr. 1A(7-J^ 
69)) ibe flji, ^, in t !fVV7. at v^ uiiJ iho IhiiUii^ puiol LOAA (hu, 
70(liiu>i-}l BOfcirdin^ i^i Pprpni [Jtthivjifirr. tHtT-J^, ffl >. tli^r iwiid Imilri at 
tOO*'^Thi? viLpuuf Jcnilty bttwccn thn f-i-mprrninmi of Ml' ind 118", 
v«rin* from J 1'2'' lu 3 M fUlucau, CWHjtt ttnd. 10. 7i?1>; alto /'^f. 
M, 4-i4 , €-^pt rfnii SJp «1t), (Mh^, p. SS vf tbi* ^^ZtimiLJ— ths 

rot. VII, t 




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v«n<«nc», bill uUlioirl Mn^k«nir>fl |DillA»tiiar): 
t=Fl'0' - -mo 4 ICO. 

lid naHiDiifK nuid, U rKLiunim muronrto niiJt* witli 'tpqiij: cffi^rvoarpnrQ 
vrhfin heotoii. yrnm nic^rciiroiH ^r nicrcurii? altratv it lliivni Jyurn 
vittlftiho uifivury at Ot boilini- h«at; buJled wjtij il lolutiixi vf luvtaurif 
ciliLorJdo, it tLruta'* -Iuwti ouloiiirL (tiu)ml, Ih^lwrLMiiur} Mi'mirii? oiittv 
daIIpJ ■titli II totKiiiitmLnl rniiUjru uf furEuii? fleuI iicv^tlc luiiit. diMulrf* 

w1ian«> rJtv cuiiv otUo hni^^ iti puin ■b^li'' nrln f-xm^ feinlutiar; (pf 
tni^win juwEaW, fConrmlt^ .V. f!tfin. PUl. J.M.'i'M; tW S^^to. «8) I'V] 
Mrr«urii< 4>]lJi]o Ia nul il^L^cimpikAOpt wliou hotkUvt wiL^f iiiii jUfiituH^ foltiliuii 
li obJonilo of CHfi^uiri lUjil furniLAte aT hJ*: IphI un Irnitinf it y/\\]\ 
dtlondc tif riLlriuiri ami fnw Finnic iu4J, diuioiii]WLtiAii uiiim«a, Botwrwn 
iljo molmm tcmpamEurtf aitd riir, civl^jinol ii Ukti.ira d^jtra iq shilling 
•etlAt, wx-cimpihiiind by lirithk pvulutiiiia <tf nar^Knitri adiT uii'I pn>3kiciLfoij 
oi fitruiiaLp nf jiiiUAh (Ihij iliii<(iui|>ci<-jtUiiL Wnik; <iTit<!kcj' u tlio tviniic- 
rBtun> i« l^kAhi^rJn t^ut if tiic l^'prd liv lii*|t( e'MibLnhrly Win*/, iittfltflniT 
fncrfury ■* ll■^JW[| duna, A liui b<|iii:uiie iuEiiEluil vf ciirrvtiw lufiliiJialo 
mlXfvl vUU lui'iiiitUi uf potJuU or aud^ ^ud ktpl fur (w9 4ir tbrH linun 
ftl • IdMipirniLum liqLirHm VO'hsd r>U'. depDpibi nil Win Eniiii'utv in llin 
fitrni of <i;ili>]iki>] , Itiil if krij>t fJtniliiDtJj aL ji hiriliiif hi^-t, it liiitdn i]ip< 
innrriiry n^ il»n irb^'i.nilin nl-ikto. (Uoi'^tlorlf, /'4>^, ^Jlt T!l.} >;Iv'>r-'i<i-li> 
uid tbnm nf ku «nlta whicb kiv coluhic in wv.1«t, hiv mlnrf^rl I^t f'"^"^^)^ 
Arid with tbd aJd f-f liHE: tliu mil* uc Uiii« «|uLfl1lty tcdtirnl by fDrii'i&Lci 
*f •uiZl (Clrfbol, Du1:<ifniEier.) l^ilutioriJi of fnlJ, pliLiiiiuiu, h"d pallii- 
Jiuui. urci Eiiii T'^lnoid Wy iiniiE inning b'>iliu£ with f^fti fonnid iMiid, lifn-iuimi 
iho jmid jp^diLiJIy vdnlihir^^ but tbi^y Hm nQir>p]f*riilv ^||^Lfl■1d iiy A"' 
Bimlo "f indi^ vhiflh Jit irPiMO rupii throw* donit if>an;jb^«» in iilliorg, u 
■rich |iJiLliiiliMk ffwIpitBtH l hk^tk povtotoiuff tfrtvi p'>wi-r nf ifkiTutlru; 
QflUb^tuHi, ^QftbDh) Tbu ufjuDoufe •flid nm^vrtu plutiiiuu* L'LldD iiiifJ 
ftetJBAto if aud* inU plnEuiuui-bliink, wilb hruik i^vdnUim of cjlHpuhm- 
adld- tUahcrtijimr. /'o^^j^, an, i m>i AHir, Hi!, 'JHW,) At a boilpim bMW, ii 
Wilih^M prDttvhlttDLifl <\i pirvliTMim tn tlif* mvlallio oUt?- (TtnnfliriK. i'"g^. 
M, b.y — T- I'ttttfula yfixii ddi^lv mtpliafle uid conroTl ft«niiiO juid mM 
«ttfboiiiP Rri'l and wiUi-r. (I^UK^^.) 

&. FarukiiUa of puLubi iniHliriiU^lv licaUid mrlLh mcph of hjF'ifrtff "f 
jMfttjili j^ivAg rplT hTclrn^n. hbd i« tMHiriirtt^d iiii<> HjitnliO uf poCwIi 
(P^ligot, vtjin. CAiA. y'A^fl, T^. V:ta; Dilulh 1 gta^. Jnn. fTAint. Pi^ 

Ccnt^"*ft*''"'. A Wnb W«(«t, — JfUMua i^mif t*^ — Thn nnhy- 
Jnui v-iiJ mi Iff hiiIj tetter vlihiiiil r1*B r>f tAtvperatDtr, hM tW ipiinin 
•> MlenJcd witb ■kiniiiiuEirin i^f d^EUtty- A militate <ti 1 Al nriiL md 
t AL HTiiAKr iibiEiiunl TmrEi I h p|i. li'ail-iiill, fl ulI uf ritHiil. Auil 1 ^Ainr 
(Ph S?hJ), Ijm a iliiiiNiiv fd \l\*t lit Id ; linn* not jiolidiry iir — IS ; hoil* 
■t lOfl*; I" *■ cnrm*iTfl n* thn imhydruiin ii^'Ed; and lilnTTTrfl": g^inw nff nil 
■pJUmrfihblfl vijpoiiT ^Llcbig.) — Tbi? Hcid of ip, gr. rnC8 mU^* «lBk 
I pfi. af WBWr. wilLnut rite of l^mperAluf^, ^iintiu); a niiitare «biM« 
dimtilv ix I llilll, with d piLfte v( wHl^r i[ foriiii u miilurD trhuBv d'lwlr 
l-OXSJTi tli^bt L^umLDDsliou lljottdom tiiktfi pliuv, ^tiidiW.) 



k 



1 % 




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CO > E. 






TW 






CWII» • MO * CO - CCP * It 



- KiX»0- - ttOjb" • *co. 






*iA 




■ ^fk »4 iM^v Mil Ivrir 






n.l4,|«,> no 



rtlM with fa ^lMit Mb- 



Vk. 



' - coca * «flo. 



vwHt pvmf off ««Mvb*( 

/farm lb «> T. w^ 4> 4i n « pytf i. M^d^ ite -* 
Hm UHvl t> %U & • M-ffMl hrtll* far Ulf . 7«,. 4m^ 

'ithiifcatoT- W^ 









ftM 



^n. lOl iJl ih* 






>yW. <0*M) 



«k>ck 



iW^ 



VUMtIC MCtD, 



f77 



^ hw Add Hati.—'fk aolutioD Af nmtJml Tonntite of p4ivh irt hnt 
•ODOMilHuidlbmll uddyifiMa. Juwordiocr in Gineau {3^ Jnn.^^, J'W, 
lB,«0LanilftK IflS; itlatr. Jt^^rttbit, L. ^ A~. Ili47-li, S49), tryhUJhu^ 
pevUvv HM it ccKilt^ TLn TEinEiirr-ttmior cvapom^^il rfi vofiiu ovor iiil- 
pbaric lidil ami ai]"tic pntUBft, _vi<i|/o4J u ■.tjuCuIIiiie^ innds, prirt oT vrhii^b 
wu 1'fl in VHfoin, vi Inn^ h it cmi[Ii<d s-nj orloitr of furmic imhi- aju^tli^r 
bfiTCJon WD^ <bM'Jvo4l in tTi^b^kl anil erapomlad tii drynoH ni vjijinn. 
ThsH ihiQV pnpnmtionK coitlaim?*! C-rnHO anfd iwd |m)(a-Fi in [Iho prrtjior- 
IIqii initiAkkNl ly ihv fmniiiK CHKO*f CK^U', htil tliv firnr bluv oorr' 
toiau'J SMI p« cuut, fif WtttnTn lb« wcoud T'6t "nd ibc ihtnl M'O ^-er poiit^ 
Tbti nil Ihw a riiiHi^ly nald iMttv, HnJ ie liigUly UfljEijuuawnt, Whan 
(lifvnlrrrl m ■ Iao^^ <|uiinlity '>f vali>r «nd L^io mluliDi] i}vqpi>mLr<il, it it 
for tim iiirMit p%rt miit'^riit^t inu> tho nt^qr.ml "nil., Wlton kttpt fi>r «nia 
(JDJO ja vucuo, U £iv« off purl u( ita ucid, IT 

Fm-miatt vf ^'ula.^-a . ^'etiirii. — RUvtubJo I&b]et vitli baretfed UtemI 
tvaaii, or Cut fiJEir-*ldi].I prinTiiJi jOiitinl), baviu^ it ntlliii^ l>Uur inutn- (Ar- 
v](Ivi>i]h GuSUii* ) Tim (tr^irinJliitKl juUt mrlti. in ilii vmtxir of crvxtuJliift- 
tiiiii; thnti ^rf4 oT tbu wii-1r.r vitb vtrong liitunifvdDiiEw; Jiitd ikfl^fttiiriti 
■Dlidiflc>i m Uie form of fl pearly, ilii bydroiu nit. irbtob, whto iatLit«>J, 
loaru Sft'Q |ibr vl^uE. «{ pun I?] lud* [Gi-bcL.) Doh not yi«1J nj uid 
dbtfJIbEv whi'b ilruTi^ly licvliDtl. DiHuJvua iuj pU^ uf Wflklor. (Anidauu^) 
DotC(|a«it«Tit. (QAbol,} 



V%0 , 

<?K0» 









(Itlitali, 
hV7 



11-M 



eUNftO* HI 



1I»-00 



ioa-0 



LOOM 



iwi ;jia 

cmo* ij-n 

VAn .,. - ll'O 









CHNkO-ttAq ,.„ §6't ,„ IM'Oa 



I0>0 



■i^BMiia tarwM v:i<i. and cvupuhitiiiif iii viu?urk, Forrn> llMniiiiwI 4^ry»UlA. 
■OBtainiDB uid mid Inmt hi lliv proportian r^'pnwoiitnil by ihv farmufi^ 
<?HSbO*+ OH'O*; tliny nlun ooJilnici 7 piT nnnL ni w.at«r. Tim jim- 
penk* of Ihii mh »rp '^iipikr lo thnp» of tho oorrMpnndiii^ ]Hi(»Api-4ft]t, 

bcJoii^^it|h[ to till' rijfbl prjuiialiv tytliMii — liiirhL Fb^jinbli^ prtfin^ (riMinnto-l 
9Q llie iH'ij p,cu(u Enltinil liI^ui wiili twu f^lWuk. vaJ bi'ViOk^f wilb t'no 
y-Fikiiu, Enlinf on Eiw <jL>Lti*4i NiianU u-lx", »' ; if =: 7i" ao ; j/ . v — ^'" 
(Ri-nibaHi,} Bittnr^ jri(Tm*r(»ni m ilu* mr f ArvjdntmJ, pfflrfrm*<i Lti ""im 
»ir, (tfilitpn.) Tbu 4lt tJinin brown wLitn At.ri'ii^ly htotfd, amittkn^ ma 
odoar of buret lujpir, dinolvot in t portj of <oIii wntor, bat in inn^lubJo 
fiL •ItoUoT, (Anidiun,) 



<7I10' 



«'9 .. 



flfts 

59 ar 



31 -41 , 



ftH;A ft?;* 

a I'M -,„- sjvfi 



C^UBhO- 



1134 



loa'oo 



loa-oo 



]»0'(M ._..., 100 M 



lobiiic ACta. 



W 



fonDH add yir<1c1<s bj vpnnlHUfAu* aTApftrttiofi^ oryatol- wHiLcb furu * 

hLiJ «otati«a ood Jiavo b bub t$\U Alwliul JIaiuIvh Lhcm bm 
<pvLiigly> {BuicUofi,) 

Vatt'jdif yoftnidlt ^Tbfl 1>1iui Mlutian of byilfiLU*! vKDEulic oiliJb in 
ft<|LEDfjui firruiJi! Hi^iJ, iiii|Ki<iLt< whim i^vnirijruW in *n iPjum nwirt, ■ bhti, 
«jiat|Lti\ Rbliirii mvM, 'uiu<i]/ H4>1u^i1ii b Wiitor, Thu Hftluruiii, jf it flnnum* 
fmi a^id, riLtnini' il* lihin pnlnnr nil nprxnrc to tKo m'; ^iit if iho ctcch 
of KiH ^v bMpn iiivrbuily drivca atf by trftiforatJon, tho WijiEop 
bvr^iDn iJrLrk srwn in tbe ouufH uf Jt Imun, — Wbna il iLiti Jilm uf ilia 
■irluLiuu ii ]i<rt tu vvHpom^r Ilk tliuiur, llirrii f^iuiiai ■ viuLut ruxiiluD. 
wbicli diHMilvv* biLl iujWrfunLEv in wiitnr. (HnrjtiiliiiA,) 

Vapiulii aciJ in lint vvrr diglitly eoliibU iq funuiQ vrJ'I. (BprieliQt) 



^ 



CTrflBiie /ttrtnirttr,— Tint *j|utioo, *rbflO omnporatodt ^e»vin » ffviu 

f.'nin'^iu ^'Nr-mJ'rff-^PraCocbbriilD of njvdJiiTn yiplilKn vitli fiiruLlti 
cfndii, a ^^rctn frerLintckb>) nhjoh dlabolvoa, wiib ^rrco coLolli-, in oU4iM 
cf ibo ■(hJu-iuH, ■ud duod uot rvappcikt i^a fuf C^iuf lidd^tiun ot ctilutido 4f/ 
umntEUi' titiL uu IichIiil/^ iIiu iniilur"^ U Ijiii?<liiiiu« luj'bid, febJ '|p|iutit4 
Ik K'^yJ"^ jftf-iiii JKiJy cimLnlnidg unuijUb uicJn iiiiJ /itniiiu lujd. Tb* 
Col4fiirtrH« Tii|ii['1 Qltc^rr^t fi^'in ibiii aub«[iinc4] uoilIbijiii il Inrg^u <|UiLutity 
of formic (Wid U^it btit Itttl-^ nmaium. (UnmnipUb'^r^, f'^- &'J, <U.j 

f.'fiirriV FomatiS*. — UDi^ryftt&lliubte, ^bitinouA uaa^ which WminH 
BiDial up ai|-HUto to i\io air. (Klobtdr.) 

JfdH^HiTuf /Vmfflj'*.— Fijnnwt by disiplviTiir ib& m»hnii»|*, R«d* 
^■b pium4.vbJi!li nTfl UL!]Lr]^ tuulcat ; rcddvii lltmui ali^ltil]/; eminbto 
(41 a irUiin pcrwJor wbot huutpj ; iliuirlvo in 15 jila. uf cold VDttT. but 
krp injHifubLA m jiWboI. (Ar¥JilHiq.) Vorr amull, wbitn in-JBUiEi. hawing ■ 
■v»|]<h, moUilJifi niniD, Mid rnntftiniTig 1 At. wuter- (Itikbnl.) 

Uul fofBilu «(p1 •lor* f»\ iljiAUltr rfft^-BAN'f pwVJ*, Cr.flK»l-l 

/Vmtifff ^ i^r jrrtu'A.— Uryilol^ wbich Turn hlarik «b«n i^Jt»l, and 
u« «uiily 'ulubtt in wnUr, (ArvidtoQ.) 

F'.Tiiiiiiie lyf XtntL — Furriiod by dJwlvEng (ili« inotnJ or Ita olEJ** 
TrmnBtnnvnt ttnd i^olnurli'te prinEiiP, wbicb 4n pcrniuipitl io Use nlr, uhl, 
vrlifB Hklvit (a rrdni«<>, ilrvt Hwll up, th4]a Imnurr, ml^uii; ut^ 4 |'un)^n( 
Ttpour. Mid I'rDCLLly Infr^a (ixiiio of tiD^^ Thay diivulfi^ ppsEinifjy in 
tr*t«r (in 3i yi*. ml Ht", iM.'iKjrdtii^ Co GfibolJ, ttnd vo iunlubl* in 
KicoboJ, (Uar^ytiLf, Atvtd^D.) 

GoM. 






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ua 


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cuni 


st-a ^ 


. 5M-llfl 


tAn 


U-O - 


, KDl 



ClSIEqO<.tA<l «■» 



IM'OO 



^^rvu 



^EtfnidU '{^C'ufpAitjjyL— Kunofrl by iliiiiolTifia; ihv olido «r on-rltniiiitt 
in liHlf.n'mi^ m-id. Ttibii" miJ rhnuibir d<"Ij«dirdfuD*» Luttat' [^ •"^'(^^Bii>d 
rvugh mcUllio Uti*. Wb4ii bnicd, tboy flLuwty |pvD aff Uruir mlaf of 



■rmiMvi: rauiin 



lUf 




»^5 









tM 



cwcjo-ii^ 



u* 



«U|* 



(LM^) Tk »d Jw M 4Ut* >« 



LitoiMlil-tkl 

^. nam. », U»j; Art «BMa 
fSt* off «i |«0-, <G«kL)— TW 



KTi 



oTtteEalHs { 






ivau of «at«r. *kiA Ai| 



I S'HJ par 

141 



r%a _ , 


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nm . 


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W* whtin m/t9m totf «iU*BMdfeB& Vka kktoJ H ka 

v« «M«<«hMi> ft MaiM^L togfaJ-WlkfilflrtiM tthnte tteiM 
■ftrr i ^'i rfii li tiH fcfiiii <rf kt?** 'Ah fcn— trfrf^*^ lw><.v ■*■ _ 

/Wm /'.wA.— &»a, r«l.. ivUkk j^» mmiht, v^tI 
«ol>U« iD vMtr, fpm^vift blnkL fMn^nl ArrffciiJ Pud* ^ 
Vrinir. «ffv« wk« iMMtW wPiHJ, A — K r* ki tMtMtv is kw 

toQ^ i*!*^ iMn^ «ft nw^trntitM, « ivMnw, 



tfjiHgiif n^. tfGAkL)~Wko ik ^k ^h>»iiA f«d 
fnrmi*lA ^f K^a Mid a Umc nk ii bH!o^ qanj ■■ tk f>xl4* ia 
•ic*a in tk ftfln r/ ft buM mIi. w ikl ik l^l>M cal>iwi int 
Hid. Tk Umt mH ik* Htmnlfd tvttSyM TriSA ptr r«t- «f^ 
ff*kt^ Iknfon t A(^ frnic auis t« ft Ai^ forvv 



FORMIC ACID, 



ttl 



rMticr 1 1|. Wben Bulfutod Uniry il\titWMJoa, it fivtti off ciubODJii 
(UObcrcifiiT. J-p7'. C'A-m- I, ail,) 

i^Tiiirif, nmt frirn bitic btiJ llien Mnok; iho^ trtt ■pojJnjr^y loluble ia 
^TKtir. tad quiu iuMrluLile iti alfifltul. (AtvtiUon,) 

lyullDd. thfij Artf tarq jdIIdw Bad ihtiii bluuk^ (ArviJwm.) 

(Arvi<l*uii.} 

i, jVrplput -- GrocnUh UitPn InLnemmsul TirUmh (imving nflufj lli« 
fom of fS^. tii). ?p-gr. I'ALa. Vil'IiI a bimtih wbitc powder, ( BarnliMrdi 
A Gchltn). PrJ^nie l^loikgtDg to ibc frbJJiqg prismatic <7i(«ni [/"i^. 90; 
«l«<i«-o iiorrLlItt ro <>■ {J- Mii^tur, A^. 9^, 472.) — Tho (4v«taJ« 
otUorUBiv in H'ltnii illt, uikI Imni willi ti j^wh lliimi' in lliu liri:. (Arvjii>r>]i ) 
Whcti tuluLWltfl hi (IrV 'lii»tiJiii[iij|L, limy fnao ; bi^pnipo Jrv Bjpiiii mid 
Ufune a JubflT b]uu(:'di>ur nttar fiutmjf with tlivlr wLCnf ; than ifirn nlT 
S TqlanH of «ArUurffttixl li^dr<igv»D ifTU jprnhably 1 vol. citTbnnii niid» 
Had 1 vi'1. hydrQi'Dnl W I toL Kkrhnniii viid, and ^'i'7 pprniiit. of ba 
juid noD-ii(h?iviJ diAidlatfl, Ic&vId^ u imiibjc of pnro oo|rpor uamiKod 
*lUi oharfMiol^ «Dd (LinuLiiiUi^Ar lu 'iS-^ |ivr vtrit. (li^hlmt.) ^tiiHulvOi 
ID T |iv1* 4f culd wjLlor (Arvitlkou), in 8 1 purW (GtshlpuJ. tornuag % 
bJit* Aolultvn, lad lu 400 jiarti uf 90 per vtul. ali^vliuh (OtiLl«D.J 




ChO _ «4f ... 3V4a 



as MS 



JA'A 



C>HC«0<,4\ij 113 IHOOO 



»«Ofl 



lOO'U 



« rurToio nci'l. wnULiiMirjj; 10 |>or fifvt ot llio ftnbvilnitm ufiJ 
'), attii ■ guoTlo hi?itL [1m*u ii|ijdmd. l\ii- tuluh'Mi ludduDly DoEMifltiB. 
With iomniooiufv and cvriipe of ci^Ebun iv ncidn jjvldibjjikinifUflLJti* laivMw; 
tiit Plffita ia diiri tb thik rrpunLlNin cjf ibg indrcuroiui %aU tutnu^tl Uy- ilig 
urUuli of llin f4>nni|i w^id k>ii [hr [iiitn'iirif^ i]£>di>, — At Amt. ji auIuLicd vf 
mcniiriD formintrt 14 jmubji^od ; >-ui tm |ho ■ninboalknih i.f Wai, 1 A», <-f 
tlita inli OTP Pd»u]fl^l ^fliJj ? At. ciiwvutimo fonuiuto. 1 Au fiw ftfrmw 
void, uid 2 At- i^rFioali: iiciJ ^ 

k» FimiiLfliuiid in »pI frnn in ihiii jhrorMa, tbp liquid ^ciinniTod fmm tli« 

i)f nf ihff tucrpOTonrt lalt infty lie i^ln lalumtH In tb4 «o[<I wiLb 

irlo Dildc. ftii-l tbcTi, IF ^nt^j fao&tfld. i( will yltld KDUthar ortffi itf 

«TyitAli •-•f vbo mi-rcuruki* luk. If tlw OHfoariE puluiiL>a !>n tfvt airnnitlT 

liiHUitd, lb<i cTryvulr' tiini ir,rvy fniui iMliiiiititni cf mi^murir, nnd if a aLmI 

MTnngnr hml Im a.|>p|j<>cj, EiialUTri^ IjhT. irir'lii-lhi ifivronry ii pm^ipxal^d, 

! ^Tbe nnrAthU miixr bn dtnid hnwrsjEi hlbuioUtf psfvPiK a iMnponlUTt 

iMHrc^D 9^'' Bud M* , They a.n Aiiim^t inEeniHOprv. fuur arid lii-aidiht 

labW nor-irblio. wJib li pivty Uirtf* ftoil ffrvwy lu tliu tuiidi ; thrir 

I tenia ■■■ iwlitm ht I'ifiIh but H-rLcirwunlii nuimUir- and vtrinjfpnl. Th^v 

^—.blHkuii Hbon Difdevil lu 11^1^^ iwpwiHliy i/ raoiaEt uid 1ik«hlc«, tliou^'b 



kE 



IAS 



METUYLENE; P1LIM1.RT IKUCLKIIS C^P. 



WUnn hiKlvd m it vfimi. lliiij' ihro vuflilfnlj dvoompoMd wilb • hw>ii| 

imily Ni>ark.'»I, ^MvoA tyEI' ^^irli-iiiiQ nolit ami -|i?pi^4l* «ll 1L4 ineitVJ 

XuitiM f{ wi|[4iE- qE 17^, iHttr^ ahiLtijAuOy, but "ItL inhripiept ilatrmjf4riii' 
in warm utior, nrkil jn>e injiuluUle in iili^olbvl ^nd ctlk^ (Odd, A^ )V^ I. 
I, lug; Mw, B\ l,^5i— pvuijj. Uebig, /'j^y. 3. SOT) 






S(UH 

a J 






cm]if"C>* E4S -. looa 

Tbo black |>rti«t|>i1iilft wliwli aintuuTjlfl funu witJi uoEfHUoa* fiwBitfik 

-^zldit uid I At- fDnnifela of inunoniL 






'fcrmio luiid yiuMi m-itli |kiUu.1i ik pn-viitjtul«i *lii"b i« rvlt^ir «t 

^*itb »min<miAa«rh]1r< fti^r-ipirnifl; ImL rvqn iC koiitMiJ. It IJkovlii^ 

!• fow DioDita, de^tocjld trrjnsibli «! th« m«nuroiu ««lt. (QftbiLV^I 

^flncly I'ljluorjpi?*! k>KiJD ■Iiiwj1v<4 in rljo «l»|i| ■uLyJniu Bcid, lani^ 

■jTiti'^r ■'jliti^i»irj >v]i>i']j if 1<.'ft in \ih'utf uvcr vil ol vilnal ^n f< w |f ■ 

vliiU-, cTViUltu-^-muulifcr mam. uulubb id vildr, tin* maa !■ Wfa|0 

CfiiiVDrlAl, Ei^ ihi? «lif{l)lv*t ride nf UnnptntaTf^ inl" vt^it^ *ri«vW ■■#' 

curoup foniLiun. carbtmio mdd Wng »t tboNiUBCtnio f voli^nj asi fctvif 

Whoa Ik miituri- of iLo o^iucoiia itoljjtloD* of t pU. fiswnito of *ilii4 
■nd 3 jitn. cjaaide uf inoroury ie trt^ to vrajpitvi'-, iihLBiotf a^r^di m 
Oblaiiiod, wbiuh gjvu uT Ffiuiu[rou h-Lvd h^iitwl* tlmn b1«<lv« u4 fiB^ 
twflll ujfH and leare a rfvJue of carbonalf uF pnUtb; wImh k«M>d wkA 
«i] i^ vitriol, thry ^ivaolTfiiuEKfDiD iiki<IitiindLvJrDoy«iiia Hki itttha^ 
Vf4i?niiiX'. Am rltpno'^i^itnlB cnntun 'J\ ~n.^ i>f<r if<iit, nf Pol*ab bvJ fT'^l 
of Qkcrcunp tliLL 14 l4j (Ay, ni>arLy c^julI niimtiora 4f itoiui of tba In «!■ 
■tu«u, aiy axe parbtu (4nipo«c*d of I Al foTmiikMaf potuk «>hI I Xt 
C/midftufmOTei»y, (Winoklot, llrprH. 31, *W.) 

ik4|ueou« futU]? icld. Tmupbri>i]t rbombabcijf*! ctyflaU, wbirti ban 
LIjhIe Id lliti fin. iwiJIing up a(iJ omlllld^ hi iirtnlnrabTo miilL Thj 
ard Atuly tnluMu iit mLbirn ^ut iiiftuliiblu h 4]n»>inl. (Artidaot^V^^ 
DiiliKff onnoontmlail pnliitinn" nf hPiiLnd b^lnttri nf rdvrr bhiL il^Mr >iU 
fofnibM ol poDubj • lu-gfl quantity afiEinv^vliilPt fv;r«Uii b ' 
pnclpilalAif: ibcaa dryiEala andor (lie micmHopo pR«tD| ifa 
vf tliiJEiiMn Hix-iidnl uUir>- IF tLa toluliuiia iltd luir fopwljiflgj, Ibw 
mitTitfr KdhUlitu in it nrnty mb* . if llir'y kto tiKiililvb^ t^ n«to 
rrmainii in Hplntinn, — The« nJr litJiDknna *ory E|iii4ik]^ on tap>— > |» fc|l 
tkTid Creu hu the dAik. cipfciaJJy if 11 hn iiictial ^ li'<ii<^ Cb* QfiMdit Jb 
drylDA butvdun pnpDr, ttp|i«u Iwl'frrry (Ui>b*t,)-^Oa U 
«r OMl. tlic adt ia npidly Uwuiu^riitnl mto lutlsUie hIvct, 



PROTOIULP»11>E OP MKTHTU 



383 



ftuil furuiic Auid. Ai[ii{'iii|ji putiui iliituurfiuti'* H iin\*a\.ly. tritli r'xnt u| 
•rill ]■■*[■( line iLiuhi^.) — tinttfd i\ttm\o ttDxA iIdob uol JiuolrV viiilv uf 

^^^P Fr(»loaul[iblil(! uf UvthyL en's = CH',HB. 

ftMVJiOt.t^ Jnn. CAiM /*Aj(s. 71, aOI ; idao Jhh. i*Aarm. 34, SO ; idio 

Ati uI^uIluI^o toEuliuH ai niiiiKixiilpliiiEii i>r iHttEUuiiuin ia |tru[iuruj Ly 
diridinf dji nlculi.ilii.' •ululjuii ai pntioih in(Q lWf> i<qiinl purt**, jutursciuf; 
ihfl cnii wiili iiilplLtLtt^ttJii] hydro^CDj and tboQ ruliling llin ijlltt^t ti> it, 
tokbj( CTkfq (hftt rlin lumnlJty of ^otLub iu ibu tLLXtui? i£ mtlHir l4C£Tpatr 
ihvi loo tv\%\\, WiTAiiia bii cii-uuB uf bulplturultivl Lydfo^n would ^la 
iiijuFiODA. TlmiUk;1i lliie nijituru, tMuiAiiiL^d In u TuUidikEuil rvlitrl. >;iHO0ua 
ebloricio uf itiuEJiyl th {.iLib-d itt^arLy to *;tliirnEtctn, uul the ^MiiUPt i* th4:u 
diitilluJ it a tfi^iitJii \\eex, ttio tcraivor bplng wtU c<ialfld, BDd (bo htrmiin 
of jeuirniiii fhbiriilii of inetbyt rionnlAnllj Vtf^ ul>- Prmn tlie ^IcnbnJic 
duuJLUto^ tbo flii][ibiiic of mctbyl u adpuaU'lL b^ watDt u «bov0 

C<ll>t;i ■ KS - C^Hi« * KCL 



Varr 
V 



thin liquid, uf npOAJfio ^^v\\y ft'849 ivt 






Bails ftt 41*. 



9C .. If 

■ 1« 



HinnLt. Vol, thiiiBt¥. 

»7l - 9»^» C.tWBT I ™ 0-B.lffl 

0-4)* .. »'iA u^fu - . I ^- o-3o:v 

»<«! 9-v«r>oiM-~- i ^- MOU 

«W■^HBM„ 31 ,... IM'M) V«f«r 1 ,- 1'llfl 

Tb« OM i« EhanforQ DionMfitrIc, llkolbe vthfln, (n«0viiiilt. ) 
By obloriaD ^n iliiyli^lit^ Ibu niTmHiiii^J ia miiidly funrntted^ villi 
Hh dI tomfwrAlurv iind pjniiulion ur F1yd^lH^h1o^iiD acid, inLo CllCJ'St 
whieh ii luit ]WmiftTiaTit, JiTid iifhirwa-riJi, m tuTiibiacf^ into (Tt'J'S ; 

Cbloridv ofitil^Iiuf (uid liirbturitln of ovUun 4fu> liovover^ farmod ftl ibg 
Rbinit tidiii. (Ciuii»Ljnw)— Pnt'nMy \n llda rmibbur ; 

flltre - 4CI - f^T • llCl • BCI, 



fiisulphido of U«thyl <7H'S*. 

J^rrpti'^aicji- I. By pn^itiK £umm cblorido uf molbyl tbttmgb %n 
»W1ii>1lo AoluUoD of buiuJpbidpDf pnEavJam i 




9M 



UhTHVLR<(E; rKlM\JlT IfVeUl'a Km\ 



3h Rj dJiiliUiD£ fe tuiklurv of lulii^iainflth/UU cJ liou b&d hiiii|Ai4M «f 

Tliq ^ifllnwiAh ili'tltklA i> roclifiwl ; nod tfi« potlJoa vhuh AIMAi 
^twaou UtF^uid 112*, Jriod by cLIuriila of cafaian^ unl iijniii ivrlk^ 

u Joudty of 1-040 utir. Boil-baCvWDlTd^fead lir. VtfoBrtfB 

■Jtv at tlXTsiS'VD^. Htu a rtir/ pvnUtont and taLolonbl* cdtv <f 
omviiA, 

iC » M n-i^ ^"-t'i C-vipdUf I _ MM 

0K a ,M. A'J0 -» CM lliftf > — •«» 

s V - u -,. oft-n -„, cr-M «-npAif . ^ — mm 



<WV.^„. *T 



1 Off 1)0 



W"7l 



I — 



putfriu-clioor/' SboulJ it Ih ouruiilnml lU 4 Atrnpotiad of 1 At, Cm 
•oil ] Ai, r'H'S'f ) 

n'liiJi <if>i]i[hit]]L4l may lip 'ft nn flm hy ■ rvJ-hnl hnilr, ninl bom ' 
(L Mmc Haidc, cmittin|r n Atronj: oJoitr of inliihiiTaus iwid.< — CU«rfM 

ftnibcT-Ci^IuuFui] f-liuiiitrjt! Lul'ln*! but ii duuvdfUhI. hy iliii fuHbar 
gf Ltiu clil^hriiin, inter x yiitlr»iv. iittil ultirnrLiAily in^j a ml Liooiil, o^ 
■rivtiu^f iff ]i miiUirv of OCl^S nud iiCl. — Krorniu^ Ukdwiag fonw tf^ 
•itluEjcm-iinidiirtf. Mi»]i-niErl^ «[iviiijr nilric mriii kCU vtroDfftjF «■ Ikt 
C4in|ioLind, ikh>iigQknjf lulpburic ui<l and & pHuliir m^ *bi» bfVft 
iriih p'lirult, t^ni; gl«Q'1i-r DOdllet; with ti4^l^ ubialnff aftourluH IiMm; 
UjJ Willi Iriiku iind oiiitir iif Idh-I, >ulii1ito or^nIaLliHAle «»J1b.*— OU «f 
TiLrlol «liiBu[voM the miTi|irjuiiil at urijnjw leibpumlriivd; liol fb^mpovt 
ll when UcEkUiJ.— TIm cfmipauDil it BqtKli«r»d bj<lMtilljiii«ii vnaDamn^ 
tnit<d potiuU-nnldtinn. 

jl it bat viiry iparin^jr niablo in wmter; bal, nimTiliiilraa^ ^off"** 
lite odomrioihM linntdp MUu kadi proparllone wlih kIoqIwI laJfttai. 
iC»bnuTnO 



HethylenQ'MercapUn. c>H*S* ^ DUMPS'. 
lY. Jti«, TAflm. IJJ, soft (i«3.i), 

7"nkwd hy Ji-iiilmjr in thtf wstap-bntb, viib ffitkot 
akiJi»;loii of aulplioiDPihyEftif of IIbb^ 
>f h^dnjrau Hrid 'vkiiiDi {\t*,\h «|i(U*iu Iai 



miitJro fti \ rl. 4>f aakiJi»;loii of aulpliompihyEftif of tlBBi a»| 1 ft <^ t 

nulplijifD of h^dnjrau Hrid 'vkiiiDi {\t*,\h «|i(U*iu Iav^ t 

livBidt/ uf l^si^i uiil nfiuiipg tbi> tlivtilUlo wttb otoicic polaa^ toltt 



Jufioij tif m 



hjJruiiuLjihiirio uid : 
* M^init[<.:tM.«aff,0«'>A.].b3>witOlhkiKi4lhaMnar 



ICrlilDE OP METHIU 



SB5 



Sumitwlinl ti»|i»li[rH in iviitrr. — Ffifm* a voIIitf i>rHipi(ato ^it.li juwUl* 

JnniLDiv, ii0t fuBiblii Jil IOO\ ((Jri^Hury.) 

Scn^rig hyilrrn^MitrJn w'l'l ijlond iii nonUnL with lino *nd julpU^Jo oi 
fiiihitvi {or PL fnt\1ikn- nf ■^'[iirki jiiLitd d' iWhnl i»i|iJ mlplkiiTA if Dnrbnu). 

rWM nil' Afl eilfcm"ly Fplid gpn. iK JlJ^ttvor. »/, pr^ V^fv. 3, ZOi J — 



t 



Iodide of UethyL ch'I ~ C'K'.HL 

(,'XABit PiLJoav(tti3A). ^un. CAtn. ^V- ^0> 1^' 
Mffhyiifi Tndidff /fydrinitie Sitthgl-tthm /orlintlAyl, Jod-Farvtu/rr ; 

Oat p«rt of plioijihfjruH li wIdLiI, by luuJE portlum, ii> a KluticiD «f 
II pti, lodinP. in IS V' l^ pU, wKid-ipirii. f^utabcj in n mbulHlfld 
mtnrt, A* tho Jlmt pqrtidHH (if E»lHHii1iDni' nvuiliioi) jl riuliml ik-Ejuei, tbo 
trinnin'Ti" mn>ft tint lie JuJclnil i'\\\ ihi^bnilihf liiui nmniulr Tim miiitunk in 
Ibcn u^itrttoH, lii^toil imnir'Hni^ty, an<t luatilk'^l ■* rone m tbr "thnr 
ouatiuucrt 10 I'lua over. TFio oolourlou roiLiiuo oantAlnd pbtAi'hnrDu, 
vbMpliuruuw oulfl, and pbi>ii|tliuiiiolby^L- lu^iJ, Frujii tbr dlalUlittS) whioh 
IP ji ihiiiiire ft wuuJ-tpiriL utid uidUi/li? iotlidvp llni IuIEue e« ipiwit'i^i^^ 
bv wJiifir, ami fkftorti'iinL riK^tiHtiJ ill till* wBUr-bntb i>'iir Iiirgn i|Liiiiiliiio» 
t>f phliirJiIa nf cii^riiini nml oiidn af l<«^. 

Cokarlw* IJ-tuid r>f ip, ffr, iJi^rp? fcl Sa™! 2lff9» at 0^ CfrtiTo); boil* 
1*t«Mn 40^ ind 5<J'; ii *3»* (bir. T'pO'3*") ihwnnliDff (o Pient; *l 
A^l' (Ur. 7^3'"} nix'orduij; X>r AiidniHL (CAnn. 5cri. ^ J. J, 37,) 
VltpOBf-clGlllilj = 4«H3- 

»C If H'91 V'O Cwflnov- f — OaaW 

>1I „ 3 Sn . H'E H-vh ft ..„ D'tO/D 

J ...- IM - »ll'3ft 9V-I9 I-*vfl"» " i - *■■'«*• 



ciimi 



Ul -- 11)0' na 



ino'fl 






Biima "ith diffii-uUyp axid uuW in \\w ffnino uf n ]iuei|-. dJITiaiag % 

^ On uiiinniifn iiml tlie urmtpoiind Hmmimipi'^ iciJidn of inolh^l wiUi 

StitbtlUiitrng DUf or inchr^^ ali^mH of TrirlliTl. OH" ^ Mr» fcr H^ or by 
diogf 0D4 or Dioro Ql/^Tnn of ntvLbyl^no. C^lf^ \n Aii^mijidn <^r anrioonimO) 
thr ibeiF uUftJujfLiu. Tbot, wliao brhlvd m n teulDd tuCw ^ilh (Iftfait 
mniPurjJik. ii funuk. in HildiliMij [u i^ndnTiN uf Arirniuiiium, fi)iir difT^rvnt 
imiidii*, rit,, iWiJ* i>/ mAthi/i^tiiH. (H^Mp)N'I. i^i'U of dtin-rfAffUum, 

Litfn> Mb'NL WilK Irielliy lamina, Kt'X, it forum indifb* of wi'/Ay^o- 
O-brfAfViiwh (MflFl'iNl; wiib ■olbo-^n i't pbcFiyl^mini, (Il^fdiN, jl 

(H'BJd1'h]NhTlHMfPLi|N,Kt,\>r,.Ac ^Kurfimnij, nV ^<p, t^O :T« I ,)» 
iodide of moihyl dialiUci w\th Mtti&tt'^H* 0* pota^ium, jJQld* iiMidlirf 




ua 



ll£THTUNl: PRiUAflY NUCLEVI C*W. 



hnind. If lu^ioil «Uri more iudiilo uF ntathjl, ji«Ui Mid^ of Slit miMf 

llfiiiL'', aiknl wUfti ih^ttlEod Lfi lUi felnir>*|»}ii7iri- af itrr nv<lmji:«n, rid^ ■ 
pnln-iirJiSM, pc-llgoid diDtilblC, vmMUtmg of 2iiifr»uW^,"<7H*Zfl- (("ihI- 

Una.) IT 



Bromide or UethyL 

ButwBH. Ann. PAarm, W, n. 



CH'Br ^ C"H',HBt, 



JitiAiili/f liromidt. tlydfabnmia SietA^fiJtfr, Mtd^rmtmi, 

Cfa^tturlpsE fTw, fif ep. gr. 3*1^.^ ftnd hint oUi^vaI ud^ur. Wloi 
rifwlrvl beloT —IT', it condgnaoi iuto « ihio^ (mupftronl^ bid cat^aJ— 



9 C 



12 



12 03 

R4'V1 






_ •'»«» 



<:>iF,njif, 



« loO'O 






M)x«if with c>Ty»T>i H oirplodAi v iolanlljr m tha apvliatlot cf Sinik 
JJ«liJln|; <?ar1>imJfl ^'lA. wal^'T, hjrilnjbHimic wid nuJ fr»* bnaiutL J*» 
volumn or tbo k;a*yifili[ 111 viA nhrWnip rk^^nl, Moit«l«itii kir,ii wv 
hiUi ri yoUowiitli IttinD, (BnriM^n } 

Tbu ipM ■■ Mcurcoljr aWrlMsJ by "ul^r or olhet; but "ij nmM^ W 
ftliii>bDb (BitEiBn»-] 

rRC4 nnibtoe beiog nrofully riobiLTi'd, T-t llii- Holiiuon, kl k Ufltfn- 
lurt bttkv 5^, UTHi nrU rJ iihoiphnrtit nn j>nt'3iLnlly kdd^*!, tM ^ 
TifjuiJ ■Jfiwly baiUJ lU iiin WMlvt-\iat\u Tlifl utlon te-ifinB mt 7*4*^^ 
tbii tflinj>.ii-aiiiTT. tbmi rii-iiifl hl^b ii)nu|.-h If tup|l th» tf|ivt|>buniik V\(B 
it ifl nr«ir, thi* limiid u Icj^ Lo i^cxU; ibi- utm'H'-yr'llifw Uy*r M lb Mf 
dnmntnl fllf, ftnd dmlilliHt r^n^ftJly^ tni^'lbf r wirh LbiU wkifli Im* al|if<y 
pHfinl nrpT ; ibc diililLM^ wtvhrd nuH vrry sIljEbllv «tt*lBt vliW 
knJ iiflcrrthrdr iriih |iiirT nnlfiF ftt 0"; tLoD'triodnrvT «Uuli4» of odeiiVt 
•lid n^ilifiiM! if! tbu wqEcr Eit A (VETi|iumtiiTv iiul rhfin^bf WT (f tl*L 
lPi.:fr-..V, /, TArtfM, Jfl. I.IR, Jufirf„Ur. I. 4- A', t (t4f -41, OTt:) 

Ci>rDU'1pv, iH^nlml, vtrnngly amnllmii l^uuin nS ^ gr. t'M4ii4^' 
Bofli ILL 13* ^b»f, l^Ji"). uniJ irUim i« Uiuia|Anvev »^ AvidMjri 
— nA'5'.<— Th« BDnlyitti d [hit comfi^aDd tenn vich IW b»>b. 
Cll'Ur (1*irrr«>; bui It ii Q*iil?utt;f JirfortDt from BaneBV Tlitno* 
bv j^liln dirit^l, linwinvpr* ibii-t iL ii lb* Irun ^nniiJ^ «J aHbylj fcv ^ 
iufid»'>f prtipimEiifk u liciiW Iv tbiLl of Ibc ifxlidr, »4 Iti p«f«rtfii> 
■rp i-iii-dv *nrh rk" ntifbt ba ItilcM For m t fompAHiiil hvUlvg n i*W^ 
B*4lBl» pW bflimii lh« ckloridc wiif ioJido of inplbyl. 5 



CtlLOatlll 0» WCTIITL. 



saT 



lAi 4f ritiMT (1095). XfiTi, Chitn. Phft. 5», tB; aIjd AftR. fAontt. 
15. tT. 

J.jrr.Chfm. \\\ Vlfl. 
Mtthylk CbloriJt, J/gilrwiAIirTie MtfhvUthrr; MrGiyhchltn^r. Sal> 



Forma/i'mi ami PrftytntUim. I. \^y hunting I |iu1 i^f w(M<1-«pirit 
villf 2 jili. Gommi»d rult uml & pin- i>i] of vitri"!, Hud c>l[nFtini; llio 
cw4>Ivim1 kii« nvrr wnlrr, wtijch rpUinji tlift impurhiai, stirh u milplitirixlB 
acid, woiHl^jiirU, TiikH inttbyiic othi-T. (Diimai it VtWgiyl.) — •!. CltE^jrldfl 
erf mnt^yl i* hknurj^o jn-niWr*| Vy h«kLJiig wiokiiiou utlc ultlf lutpho- 

M. Alimhy hmUinif IttLALn jwrdMnrirto nf AikAhi^l. (ItrniBan.) 

TitlnLirlMi ciu, nliiflh 'lore Di>r, lii^urfv r^r. — L!l': «p, kt, 1~T3I (I'T'TS 
Ucnrdio^ In Duntcn]- £inclfa ]ik« ccJipr {a«OFdii>^ to BaDHBi &l >' 
iuixloiout); ho* a iweet tule. It* lUjucuu* tulut'tun Juda iiui ruddDU 
lilmiui, Ev pracJ|>ilAt4 & lululiou of nivu. (Uuoiui & P^i^L) 

tC HO -,. W-81 C.T«|Hm. I -„ O'HSaw 

a a S'O ..,- »'va lt-a»> 3 ,., 0-V07V 

CI u^ -. ro-M a-ipi-,. — I „„ 3'«<s 



(?F,Ha-— wi ™ iW'W 






1, Thi> iliy [u pbhikI ihwmgli a T^l-liol poTMthiiii lub" T* t(w>1viiJ, vhh 
i1o|ioaklnD of 4 liUl" i-itrlKiu, ^nto t iitixtui> of bj^rocliloric ni^id giu mml 
HJirLlivtouiJ cui (fi, ^10), toifctbvr wiL|j iiiLdHnmi*u*pd rlitoriil* of mnliijrl- 
(ITijii] }VI.) 2 TliP f<u bupiM In iftn kir wifh a vld(^ flimt*, (^rwn bit 

lontwut nrnru itima !■ vuliMib'a cf llin IjilUr^ «tid furni ! ¥ul t^ilionio 
KcidiCftI, bf«)de4 wnwr, hyiirswhliirii; uridn and ii HiuaEI qun-iitilj uf ohio- 

Uiv bjdrutMuriu noM fOA. (1^ii"i Ffl,}— ^'J, Chlwidit nf mclhylr m'nd 
«illi pblbririv. LiiliM Rro vn eIip iL|ip[YPiL(iii of lliLmp^ And IjuniM miLi it ml 
lujbF <BniiKin )— ^Al 'prdiriury L''iihhnnitnrr<f<, 4>ldt>rift0 donn oi»t iH7t on 
cfitorldn of niLilh^l m JiffukcJ i!uvlj^-ht^ but in DUriali^uo, n oointorM (b^ 

" ■"', ilipn mlu 
CI' (i^blondorDk), ainl Ijutly inlo <7CK (Uu^uniilt, towv. LuurvJit^ 

Chlcridfi 4kF i]irl!iyl» pimtd ibtc'UjJi a 



^»n f'A'^i /'Ay*, 61 :^'JH 

br>rkE*-L bjjitmv vi Ijuil' bivl ^ij^dmio ikf folaj-b, yinldii hydroj;nn gii^ 

obLDriJ" (if pDlMiucu, lUiJ futUMAtfi of polwb, whicl» ia titb4fi| itvnll^ 




■rtiMH (DuH * S^m, Amt. OikM. i%^. TSL U 

a>tl"CI « wo > Hil ■> tTHKO* * Ra 4 «1l. 
bmB^cabMlttl ja AafMrAsd it«««TTrvil inl««Uwli 

ail of TiftnaL CMTU •» vtia* «ilW Ott lit* mtm at « if 
ftil PH-, wick I. t Mki > At. ^Ifcrfaai, C*Hr Oh «r tbw. «i*« 



— AlMU»bHWUniijab«»4m*£lr- Ml4«flMtf«Wl^ (ft 




iJ-> J.^,OUi. l>.t]«L 

Cll»<— —J tfcWUt ti ■■■ihyl aK toninkt IggBthrf . g >anA»^ ■ 

nk 4nwn mt W>w into u opan s«di, »hack «■!•■■ ^^dAi late «• 
•f lb* b»(-b. c/i WMtlf*. W«% «UiM lU «Cl«r wvMb it mhvmJ W 
a Wsi ubf -nb ■ wowl W«rib^ Wcik^ Md «bi« •Mb bv fe iBH^ UM 
labt*MftfcdL TW»M»4W««UW'i kuJe b WMiwdBl «idbB« 

Ttvj tvlililt p(v4acti *^itk KB laEv«4. TW b— ti^M'I C"KH7 «b- 
dwB t> ft ilM* «f HRtv IB Ik* fluL vbilil a Iba two WatUb'* Wllv 
A* <lflrf pwdB* iilbciiJ ■ Ak«fcf> OHCy, ]mlk«fM*ibM^* 
aIm — Jhi^J * ««a^l T^MitT «| v^iflhlBn^ of win, fcitihlf 

ilu Inb the pTWnrr of alMLal n |k« ■KoJftm. 

n*««B[vuilC<IIX;i'H«ul«flrlw UqM Af^gr. I>^>lir 
kiiliH HinilO-S'; vttp««r-4«ua; 341 a. lu «4««t nHaU* tlM^f 

la^.— t^ . t«l — r«> U.^ I ^ riVl, 

tbp fortkf r wckv «/ tkUriiw bi vHrklBe lki« coiiiiiaail li a» 

. M jioldi tiilf k fttifb ^fWMlBfa t/ ckltnJt W frf irii^, si 
prw wriy ui>ii M pM'l »£<■ k—aaJ. (tiyiiilL) 



140NOCBLORI3£ATED MBTHYL^BTHBt. 



fiS9 



RticiKjUTLT (ISSO), Jttn. CKim. Phjfn- 71. Sflfli ^n Ann. Phfrntk. H 
F Ckiitr-ffett/t/Ajrr, C^Jf'P-Fom/rthfr, Kthrt m'tfiyiifjuf wm-wA/ofir/ 



lij* liuatiiij; 1 |)L of wuiiif-n|iiril. WiLIi 4 pta. 



oil of vjrrio], 1i ]>euihi41. 5r<t thmirifh wnU^r un^l t]ic;i] thriMi^li \>iUV 

lo free i| fr»iii etilphurmjA unr] c^rhtinlc jtctcL, ilidn thnni^lt n Um^ cliluriilo 

af mlciqih tuUi, liitJ Qnnll^ ihn'UffU n tube <]r»ird nut in « fln« point, into 

niin^jiing l>f>W id an d|icti m-pk. Into t]i« uiIimt ttil'uhiro ie alno InnrVd 
o liilii* vitli n JinrFDV im'li,hy wliirli i-liiiirlnrviuiH iirtviodHly iPiulipd wtth 
walor unU UricJ ty oil of viEri^'l, ■■ JiKruducud. Tbfl pnipta cT the luto* 
Iry wliicb l]ia iTA^va nnLur tb4« j^liitv miut Iw plni^ptl v Ut Ji> pmaihin frbUi 
4iKki 4iU]vr, M» thiit llift ^tv4Vi mny not oojno In^^f.bfr lill I^c^y Iikvm lincih 
vull n>i<0Hl •f^iLi riJr aii'l ^iltii^r p^tot nol I'fttevriu.-'i Iq ih" n/<ii"ii ', <>Tl>nr 
»ivi A vtvl^nt oiplciajon will oiiBt^e, iliiltctiu^ tliD km«r:k1ut to |iio^OA 
The dc^'FtitliTi^; neck of [J;e jjloW pLt*«'* mid iiu nJapIiuif IuIVh lelow 
vbicb rt filhiT-d m Wlln wUli 4 fmntd io itn m'>iiih» ut ■Eiinv ■IiiT4iti«i» 
luiffflvflr, pfp flui if llio f fobv iliouM bur*I, llm Uigdid nlireiclj I'nljvfrn^l iti 
ibi Imltk' mny *ii\l \ii- i-r4WFvcil,--T]ir ubihc tn mjHiu'iL tn i^uvli^lttt hot 
n<tL f(i <UrcFl ■iioibine,— An liour ofi*n pIii|ih4 hcfftpc iho jn^rt I'Otf^n In 
ut upon cirb nUmr; IillL cunJoiiLititiu ibuu ukoi p1ih«iuili1ciily.MLrn'lttL 
»irJj copiDiiJi Pivoli(t»n» of tijilEorbliPrid Fici»l (;m-— Tbfl piMu* ■ImuU Btnr 
iEilii liir jjluljfi v/hh miHlnruto ni|Mclily, jmd in Hf^uiviklitiii |»rQ|pn]tickti tf 
llio gli'ltv ptL^ibrfA Ji ynllnw EknT Fr^'io rtiV" of «bl<trmi\ liLr< J<uppty of 
mnbyVetbor gat mutt not he a'it:r^icTn.^t^^h lc<t a conaitli^niil'lo <LiiiuitltT uf 
IIm cXpId^vd wliLura iliuulJ avoumuEuLu in Ibe gIob#) bn<i proditcfiu 
DKph'ULou ; but lUir bliloritH'-uppumlUA inunL lio oiieuLH]. ao lu Lu rnUirriipt 
till' ^IrcjLirj of lUnt ^« till Om ynlbiH- ooluiir biu lii»iin Minovpd by n 
ntDiEi^rH-tr xupiilyDf tbo nu'lbyl-utbrr giu But, in ■ptlo "f pvrfy pn*- 
<Mijt]i)n, nn viOOH of tlio inD(byl-i-lhvr eiL% rtm if it ootji not <si»V itn 
*imlo4iont will wjnii^lmict pruduH po[nbQitiont ntt^D^oJ null % rcA li^ilic 
flnu Jv|io>iLion of frtrlpuii; in l[ifll mai*, tb<? QfliiiiHlL^ij i^f Ibc ;frk'>f*> Tii'iat 
Iv ilfipyHil EiJ] eHii dpiiuml^in bun i'cioIlnJ — l^liv IrJjiriil f'i1]i''*U''I in iW* 
hiAtlli riflutiiii*, t^itvt PBClfflvJil'on. flf pure muiLDrhinnniLt^^l nuitliyl-^ihrnr. 
(Kvgnvult) 

Trhni|»ron1.ou1ciiir1pa«, r»ry roobileliijuiil^ipf ftp. j^, Ifl 1^91110"; Wit 
aI Ida'. ihiiJ timy bu ilifftilbnl willmnt d[«(70jii]Hjiitli-ia Vii|Hiirr -k'naitv* 
£'008. Hof a kMJTnailiEif; &lfi»T, *nil rrcitJi tour*, jmr lilo pho>^rl(^^ 
Vflnr iilnwiy diNVimpoKd by foM wtil^r; thfl unHffimipni»d pnrtian 
rrtJitna ixn nri^rinl "oropnniian. Cy t1ki« fLtnhnr iintinii of cblonPA in % 
lT\gH 1i>:lit, H Ea cunvoTtfld inlo C*HCL*0, miJ oltiniDtfily Intn CCI*0. 
(ft<^aDUJ 

lIpfiiBatt. Vat, l)Fn«1rv. 

V0'<14 C-fiii»(iT < _, <i<ni» 



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mntLtM: niMABT ACUCB 







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ipk* ATB «■■■« 









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Wbn drr ftr^QttJo acid p» i< pwd tbnqfh ■ nilrtfaa tf nif 
i\n hrm df • ptBdpilftU b«W«g * Mat Ml4f Wrv^ it ia dl ti ^li 






ii 



mIttJ in i>t^ wtlfT, ThU JtwiDpiniHiffli itMnlit»J bj bwi, mJ fcif 



uuniiAnB. 



as] 









cn*ti^o'.iiCV . lire - luo-oo .. iooQ-foo,co>< cwOiCO* 



Utflthylane. CH-Ad.aco*. 

DpvuA P&lioot (1«3A). .Inn, Ohim. I*hr>. t>%. 5J. 

la.iiii-. J. pr. Chat, i^, iaO;/'Aarm C<«1, |HAI,AI8; JaJtrabrr. 

^0rHia/iAnafu^Prqiura<iOii, I, U^hDiiuirrhlarDniThariiUiij(m>tTiv[#(i« 
{pr 3011} in fii«olv-Hl in %\yir\'taM runtnoniii^ (bin (Vimpntind cryjtnJtl™ o^t, 

«0M|> p. 310.) 

2. Tlhi ■■inu cuiiipauhrl it fumioiL whoD wood-jfiirit it ADturmLoJ vilb 

C'N»H*0', {Liu%AWBhler, vl/'n./'Aii/^. a*H OtO' Uurwol Ac CJnrhardl^ 
Cw^U ni'4. liftSl; Vii-Viff, Ann. Phurm. JH, ifJU,) 

». Aimt {^Hrt, <?AiM^ i'hj/K ti4, V'j^^ iW ^nrt, Ffkirr't^ 19. 1M; (kUo 
y. pr^ Chem^ IV. 02) |>u*«c-l *lr^ otilnriiku jfw llihiiii[l'< •(■^T^lly litijiUnl 
vood-ipitil Coll Oil lirij; i.'vafLL<tc l»F iin-'f^uiy, uud vuu-U'UkCMl the wijlwil 
vipi>urpi in a c'ouUiiI L'-lulrt^ lit LLcmLjr«bUiUMl n li<|ui4 of up. ^r, I 25. 

cVTkiM'K^''^ hjkI liin tiMitn <tf lijdixivHJiiti VJ'J , bii'iinil urith a nnJ. ^nvvi- 
<U):i^4 JtnuiQ ^ Kh" <lr^oi>inj»i>u"l In it htw ilnyji hv Hnli^r, uii3 tiiiniviTiLLlvWIiT 
unnciuiK- Aiiut rctcard^ ihii pri>fiwL n cJiIorocyuiJilc i>f (accbyi-u^ii^ffl 
^ OH'O.^PKC'I. but givM 04 bHATyBb of it. AetunliiiK io \Vurtx\ 
npcriiufnl' {C>nipf, rvK^/, 03. fiOfl) UD llii HftiLLjt uf cLtnrJjcr of cvikn^tfmii 
On aWhol^ tli" pFirilimlJi nf nliinli urn diluriilf nf r\t\iy] ntLiL Lirrfliqup, it 
bu<ly af]al4>£0Ut Li^ urrlbyrnT>i\ It in rjtni'rivHhln ilijvl Aiiny^\ lir|ni'| mihy 
1h 4 mitturo o' lorcnl prodnoU flf daavjopoiitiDD, odo of vhieL !■ 
iin>tliyl«iii<. 

^ i. WhrtTi ifiHtrtuuH dhlu'iilii or ryvuif^ii u> ihvuihT jutu 4iHK|ti|qrit 
□ilxpil vith wnl'ir. nn vtljirn £nknr pUrn iilT lEin li^piiil iHx^fiHiiv kHtutmliMl 
wilEi iLe fjn*; bat "hon [hnl pnJDl U ■lUim^d, tbo Ijijiii*! W|[lnji to boll 
npuMy ntiA Wijmci lurUliL <lo|iviU|af oryaUtr 'J cUornta of kmiDODloia. 
On Mn|i|irLtJiL£ ifii-M' irryeLJ? try GUntiiA au'i dl>llllliiir llie HJtndo, uiirro 
(hTnridii nf iirnmciikiuiii bi![t±r%tcR m ilie fiqiiLJ LuruiiifH rijuni Cjrirtiii1n.tiiit; 

ifcp hicoivor wlitTi llio hoilinr p^rtot FflncJu^i 14(1", tn4 fullivtisj jpan 
Ibo part-iuiJ wliiPJj -Ililil4 iivvr bulwopn thji£ tomponluiTAii^ IMI° or 180°. 
m liquJiL in nliLiuni'il. ifhicti rvftor a wliitu dApOflFl* oryaUlt of urotbjrlaiw^ 
Tift fii>naiktiiin of ibiA compoaii<Z it nprcdruEDJ by tlio ui|iijlCiliii: 

t'H*0» * CNU ^ alio - OH'NO* • Htl 






tMofLdt 

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t?i«trtHt 



t^ t 




UMilhj if iititMrn irM '' »a*Kl -illi cU<ri>« M,kUk«ft 

Tllt«lj II f- I— '- "* '^jV* ilUOATtCtolliJiOft 



aULmOCARDOlCATE OF MBTUtL, 



9M 



AtvurJing U CaAnn. 
JiC^....^.... lit ,-, W5l 

3 u„„„^~ 3 ^ <-n 

as .. » ~» M-te 

f>.__ B „.- IS-II 



Vol, Dot**, 

B-o- » » o»io;0 



L'ni'o.cs' 01 



lOU'VD 



I 



«'JV»l 



Xanthomotbylio Add> C>K«0>,fG9*. 

PiuaoT{l8iQ). Ann. CAim. Phyt.7t, 13; ifcl«>i4<in, rhtm, 
tS; idaoJ.pt. Vhem. 13,37*. 

Kquwd pnljici Uui Uivw of p&tHoL uid Liui4-iiUla 

PtMaak-taU. — CryfUlliBos from a mlitara at polAifa tliuoliroil m 
l-tplrU luid Anlpbido of wUdiIj in DuaUlva having a< silky li^tin]. 



KO 47-1 


,_ «»iv ai'4i 

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I'M) M. Ill » H bfl'IW M-ai 

4C H^.,„ ». M 11-SB ia-?a 

# ■■ '— ■Ith'hhIP ■■■1"'iii'i bia... 9 "MIP""" 1 »* ■'l-ili'hhih I 5W 



cnpno>,iC9^- „ 111 



IDD-DD 



Sulphocarbonate of Methyl- C'lPS^CS*, 
CiUMPM (iMtl). Compt. rtmL 23. 622. 

ObUtoAd hy JtitiUiit^ toffctlinr Iha lymciintnLlftil K>tiLli(mit of ■uIpTut' 
nolhjUtt^ of Hmn mid fi]|]|Jiik['jvrl>i>uKt<i nf <idniii]i; wb^jng vriiU wiklvj- 
ihn jnlEflV nil w1]J4-}i rnEli^ntii Inilnn itm wiili-ry dinlilUto ; Ji>lilliii|> tlin 
oLI; rei'civini; in A A^juxTnt^ vnHol thr liijiiipi wli&oh pitaui ormt al ^/OO" 
ftnd c«ii«iJtntfii ttifi ,^n«ier fiorttoa; and iiarlfyiof; II I7 tviHialc*! m-tU 

YfUovoiLof tp<vi1i« fmvity L ISf) tt IB", fi'jiliiji; pnint Utviton 
'UvL fiOA', VafuiEr-JvpsHj' i'HM (haiic* U in muuuUvjuu). liuH 




u u 



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«id*t b 1 I n*» a^minm wttj takk, vbki wui W hM wL 

ifviA it •HI MficiJT — krt ni Mw tW baql« *f iu«kH Jsca »ci icniMi 

» ra*«i— UJ< tiM ri l T •f iMi ri it ^ Una. tUs luxiarT b duifllii 
wJ lb ilirilhH tjim* h >Mh^if iwa<4^nih l«^ vUn 1 
MttaM Mb t«* 1W«. ibB n*cr ^ wfckh ■ MrUcd hj nwMi 

T i M Miiiai ii l iiil J piiiii riBii. iif i f tffn ii iij rr- 



■wki lil* 1^1 «f ■■■! ipiiK. 



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Biborato of Mothyl. Oll'0,9B0^ 

Svfi/iuMiflVJvnvitj M'tfij/ly^yili Iter . FoTHUJiir B; Pirbafott nt- 

Et\iiti] itkrfH fif fiofljr pnlvf^jiM vitnogi bamfia MfrlA uJ unhydTdDB 
vonH-Aptnr nrriniEP'I in n rrlnrl (rhn mitlimi ix itEttihiUiJ iritb ntniriitiiiw 
mhlc fi» of TcmpntDnJ, and Mit^r} in ]*»>' HI) Only a imHll 
qufcuiiiy of liquJd pnMrt over, i<ncl thia mutt bo r?oiiroil hwk ^wcn] liinci 
■fill 1U1LU] JiMLllluJ till Itu liiiii|wrmLuru tIm^ [ii I]0\ Tb« mliitie ii 
lb«d Infi tn i-'iitl in ih<i rHinrl, bruluii up vid diffUHUiif Ciir 24 huun vitb 
httliyilnitiJi nthiir^ ihn li'iiilH d''n(if]t<u|» lunl tUn aiUi't duiilloil fram jE uL ji 
beat vhich ult^matuLy ridvi io 3UU'. ttibi<mt? uf iiiglbyl thvD rcinimiim 

1'ruu»jAri-llt« vitntuuH itiu*. wbich Hi- n muJiTBlu IjwL bwuujoi uft 
Bbd muy ^> dinwu out info ibrouda; U tf'U&rly ru#vmb|iii lliu wFrt- 
jpoDdiii^ cvniirtiiiad of tba rtbjrl eerie 

fioriki Witt n haMllfnl prftii flam^.— Waier de(Viinpo»w U imrlnttljr, 
vilbarot '■» of Lenip^Ffttare^ I'ruditoio^ ir«j4>d^pirii ami l-rnmii uild, 

LfcbaJiMo, 
ac — -. «'• ,*P.— It'»n 
O -,— .MH— p. ^ B'O ,.^. ■'« 
BBW 1]»^« „H... tt'U ., ._ '« 



CTi'O.aflO' _H.. 



W« .-,, 



lOD'OO 



BuJphoBomethylJc Acid. ch*o»;jso' 



St/p^tuip/iomfiAfflie acid, liithyiunitnt^vt^l^un (Kolbe)* 
miifi'/Drmi'pie (LKfirvut); J ri J*-wrf^of»f/ ue mV/unf (GurlmrdlJ. 

l)i«<<i*vroJ Bnd inronjntdd, toffctL^i^r wiib ttie Ihrcc &1U«d i^falori' 
aattd tfid*, by IJ. Kdlbc in 1645. (^nn, /*4anh. 5*, K4; vamp, U. 
ntO, 341,) 

The |vnfHimlliiEi nr ib'rH qj^'td i* flu ititimjittily rtmiiiHitHl vitb llinl 
of ibrffc nlhrm. vij. af lh» Ofiii CHCJ«0\afHl*.— tbn lUiid C'H'CI'O', 
aSO'.-flnil ib-T v^i'l r»]i'C:lO',<ftO'. dml it *iJI Ih^ moMl .uiiivpiitniil tfl 

t\in « cunnuctod lietcrijitlujij m KoLbo dcc^ uS ibc pnpuutloD of th«e 
»nr Muida. 

TTia FryaulUnt campoijai CKCI'O* (or doubled, C^&CVO^). itif«t«r«il 
liy Burcntiu* .t Miin.'-'l (U - ^^)- '■ «<);«"<! bt b fBiitto h«&L with <!i1ul4 
pctLiMl], ill vmTt |n-ch]iitriii)n ]■> L" niinira-liiiL' ibit tJluH mmplirtely fui 
rintni cf rhA riryi-tjv!lih4< rninpiJiim! iimy liri rniiMtvii^t by hfrirm^ ), Ttift 
ptwta^ li llip prii4*h-«a]l nf rliTi- antd, vWh orvjitatlifiM mi iinnitfntE>i|f 
*Dd co"lltiL' iho coluiMjii, whil't tbc vblondp nf r£jtt*<iiim pr^ntucfd &( 
tlie iHDiq tiiiip. lu^rilinr wiili ojiy lulpb^to of poloab auciJculiiUy furmuJ, 
nmunji in t\\*i in'ilJiur-l]i|ii(>r^ 




vETunu^E: miujT maJWi DV. 



httimm; ifi^iwiw Ifc* iknto lo IW nyilaliurg pmC 
la*^ i4 ifl sKit. Bt r^liii Ifck all IB nUr^-^lfwiaffl 

AbMJbttM, 






Jijii 1; 1^ lb wdJih bailfd vilb M 
||M««Miln B;Wft«f X«IW-.>«l|>Ul«««|>n4MU>fU*«f 

mM; iniwiiliiig In J i i u im: 

■k * ■ f-** i *«*■** <Xlrf. 

TiptThrfciiinitaTiiViBlMllTT irrl'mn liBlml ill nii^ 
*■«■■&«■, u iHil U ivmldbBl noB iLe bqiuou Mtutloa lUI H •■ 
taacw hvAmm iw tuWlEv to ft ^hw-HluUui. 

T " ' 1' I I •" J^ , - ■ -I MlMki«qrAt 

wfc hmt^ •iA ■■Ip h a ric icMi tfc* Ufui aiKwd frpa Ui* alf ^ rf 

v>tvft4M«iKtlvMtUn«bl|«ftevt*fta; lft*6lcni» PTWfni^Jjiiitf ^ 
m jUftlij nJ dU HaJot nfaarfni bj bo.li^t ttkm, *Ur4i l»<4 
■■fcijt»4 an 1^1 d»t ^7 ^^ U t«wit, uvl <« vnHmiUtB tnWW 

(J l»4 w Jkw4<ffl h iMW IcftJ pfsriptekM hy ffulphunuej MnM 
««4| iIm Jb^bJ AI«H*i Tb*«*lo*ri^WtlMtvuimJn#«iihlb*fy|U 
«f h»i aai llip illnlv rtspnnt^ n varud, lainw iba yijililJil 



uftii«wa>]*ii^<i of Iha pBlub lalt q> IM Hwaliuc aaJ u nil*! 
nlr^UH K-a. ul JifVCiBi -lib timt idl *in>a tbortviih 
*vlM>H ia (kva l«A lo qhI; 4hmI*iI I>«« die *f7*taUiB«4 ■ — ■ 
M^i Ibv not of lU isH Ibivm 

Inllt-J biiliHJ|>weMl.ft)<ob«l. utet^iftpfmbMO. 

^l']IKU',i!iO*. Il |M» 




hivm ^m from ii bf balliac vMb av- 
. (k«.kT^nb^a.ili*«kOCIH>K0>J»U' 






BL'tl'JiUVOUIITKTLK: ACW*. 



»: 



•ulnboric nr'id uiJ vo<; ai)i] vn niMHBIOt trntmenl wjlb nldohnl, l>ui 
liitU oi ihp laLtor saII irlll rvaraJn. To ooiiv^jrt tbk* [pp>rtJ4iTk lilftiritQ, 
ihp (biiiuou' ■u)ut<L>ii uT Uii^ ndi'lu^H aouIuImLuJ mlli it niiiiJl NLiuiiLliy itt 
MilpliuriF lU'ji^H in i'ifPi»4i'J lit l\ii! tu^tiuii at Iwir vliMUt'iic ul ]}uii>uri'< 
irdt-HEirliurL ^Ettliry {I-, ■iS-l),— tliP nirr*iiil lwiii([ cundiieliid iiitu ilia 
*i>[eiIu]|| h^ twf» MnBljf^vnuiUil Kln<<']ilAt**,^-liU thi- nvnlnhonor byJmgpn 
jht tlm iiHt^t>Tn J>tt1i:h l^ojum hh-I tin** U tlpi'^iftu^ij upon jt Tlin iiCKi it 
thru |'rfpi|'JlnE''i) fruin llio hjIuIimii by otiltuhuri? uf i>oUwiU; lli* OllnW 
wilufaK^I vhh 4iiJi>ljitN0 jU'Eil: n^nm uipujuJ lit rbo ekulrio fiU'Fi^iit; eKq 
tol[*r.i^ii ■^Miiij firuviiiit«tu[I wjtb ujbuuiLto of pulnahj iluJ th4j^ i.tpurmiUELt 
rviK'nt^iHl Uituc ur Eimr tiniiu, tJlL (iio wloln of iLa AiJt is 4:uti>crLv<! btu 
CH:lH>KO■.U^^ (tint w tn nky. till l1ii> mlt, ii-lki*ii l]:iuUii1, iiu loutici 
jriiK4 <j[r hV'LnHibliirJn npi'l, in^Tiiitnh ru |h1n bpiJ le evulvttd fruni 
<H:i'iiKO',aNO', l>iit D"i Iwm OCIIl'KLP^K&O'. To owortaiti *rhrtW 
thi) ctiiLvprtiuu II ^iiift1ut«^» 4 HjiJpfe uf iLe eDlutiori je etiipvnitd tu ilry 
PCH, uid DlbitJUlVil by builitid willi u1iv»EuT« niiuibul: tliir cFVSUlIt whieli 
WpUiile frupi iha nkiibolir «aTiiliim. ctn iMnihnp. niv ilrin! 4ud bi^fitvil lo ■ 
Bci4 tulwi UP J tbo n'tuil^nufi) Aw^f. mitpil wit\i n^lntitpn vf Ailrirf- Tlrrm 
IB nil ihKtiKriJ iii aijuxj-'il'fiff tlin ivrn HlUi. T)]o IjiiiiM tnbj'iilml In thp 
Miion of the current tnuivi alvnvt oouiTln frco bn]|iu.nii4< ai<iH; cithuFwiv 
lU All (?CllI'KO'.fl?%0* ffiLE b« furtUar CfidvoiiDJ ii>u OlI'KO'.aj^U*.— 
Ai wuQ V tliA mil CCl'HKO'.aso* him t^myhuAy aiupiwarvJ. Iba 
EquiJ ii ln*iklfij with mfbiiiuilii nf pnUuili Ui ]ir(>ci|fi|jktu iku tiav, tliD fil- 
Irutn i-vitjinmrnil (it ilr-ymvH; (ho nviiEiiiiJ nin'n Ih>i]m1 with KQ i-iT uunU 
iJ»liolt wK[<^J] IcAV^ lictiiid the ■ulphtlo «f poEnilL hhiI iIh) gnDHLof purt 
of tbv cbluiide of pul&H^iiiii, tLo potub prcolpiUMd floDi tHtlct'holw 
fittrilo b^ lulpliiifEL- nvi^ JU alifihl Qicuw; tbii liluutv vvbpi]rato<l till iLa 
liDJTJujC puiiiL rixia fu 130", uEi'i lUI tlju bydrucUJiTJu wirl i> uiiplIUi*!; lIiu 
tisfjj rciiiiluii dilntfld wkli wii-ti>r, iho H»lutiiiii Alumtu.1 wiib I'lLtbimKtH 

fnwl ft-cim Eo*! l-y tulpburplioil Lyilrop?n, ngnia flLt«(vi, ■»<! ivn<v»n. 
(mlcil liy oiiiturckLiut]. Tbe rmiUutr Ik Oiu fOD«ntnl«<l cuknonm «aul 

Frrparfitkn nf ^IjOst^wennifk^iA A^d, C^ITO^tGC^ -^1^ A pt^rfi^ntlir 
DVDlal KdiiiioD 'of x\\f pot>vti'<4li of tbtt 4nt told rC*Cl'KO'.a»0,) im 
tmloJ u nltfivi? m tbp »'irv'uri"f Dincn'* WHpiy- Tbc lr&Tiif<)rniiiiini» 
takf< pliii-v <|t]rFlW mlb A^n'iY^ rm^ uT li>iiipL<mLQFf<L na byJm^f'fi U*in^ 
cvtJvDd ki IbQ nanUvti pule, till (be wbalc tjf Iba turt \m ?Dovart«<i luUt 

411 hiaiir'n iw^tifm (tf fhii lutltnrjr, ihn lifiiiiil iKK'tiiiifii au nuirh 
r«l witl> qlilaridtr uF liitf, llijtl liiifi m iliTprmitrit lit l1]i> ni-^iivn pulrt. 
Tlip litip i* tbon pmlplialDil lij *?»rl'OD»t*' <^f pi^iA^h nt mbiJiliin: b»flti tbu 
liltratu crapDraloiJ lo lU fuEmci Imlk., uml tLc chirf^r^L nifivJii inr^'lir lo act 
iip*4ii it liU lliD iiDikiitrly uf lUTtiooul*) of rtuu (rvullii'f f'^m pF'L'i]>itJLt>ui> 
Dl tlic pbluriile vf ■iim lu it ronna by iTk' (->am* uf cjrl'Hiifil*' nf |H'luAb} 
iiierwo* td «ud]i ;»p AmaniiE, Tint xin^? i« ndm'i.'d Mr Llm n<^f:BiiTn ivub, 
Tbit K>TDEl<m i< tboTi ifain irrDcipJUrr*! by nrhoriAiP -riT pi-ijub, mA hbn 
pfoma f»ip*«i*(?j Ai>, NohT^nffDO i* i*ih»l"'l ai thn ji*teativ^ pn|*« ul] 
HI nUUof iind (tu lOTi i«rU of ClTKlJV^^'^) Hj^*^-^ Wn ^litftiknl 
mibftlNvilirviNitv. Tballt|ii&il mnia^Qi. \\\ iLibtiimn N PirKOV^^O*. 
I-^— iHCK;il]'KU\£^iHiila»i7]BFgE(^UHnlity ol dilvrHlPof imfB*. 



IE. 



ftUlHr-IlCilt>MftTltTI-IC ACID, 



199 



At 190' tbo uid tunrt brown ud be^ulo dooomivDHv— II Is ti«t 
MoDQTCFifid iDto ipiH-ClK^' or CMi-Ct'£-0- by upoiiuro tu the iun id 

TW mlU of Lliib iu:id (Ociliiinlt'i Jffitkniatra n^ytrit) iiiv nululilq id 

long tlt^liqaurf^m fifiHtiti, 

P^tbrtA-*^iiK—'*. WitA 1 At. A':*d, CrytUiXViKm fr<im a liol Atumrail 
Wilndon in &*i per ctciir. bWIiuI, lir lr>ntf eilky G\fFafi. trhifli nitim tim 
vhulfl tiqtiEtl Ut doltUiFy into ji'lly< AFUr prvaHurc batwoflit ^jlruLuiia 
|wHjr HE)^ JryiDC ut Lt>U% tlin mU it luibydn^Luu Al i t*^A html h ffivriH 

oaUtiirp flf K3^ nnd cl4ro(«l, nlior^by it in itiatJngiU'.lt^.^J from tLi> oor- 
rc^pvQttm^ poCuh-All*. id the ocLd of whii^k H ii whi'Wy ur |ii»r([y 
n|ijac(xl by Ct. — Uut^unitv injiibuwhut iii<jiiit uil cEpuauro it (^c ujr, mud 
dlwlTH rtsty rsHililr in vrutor. It U eupiIdUb in col<l ulMoIute iiliiuJiul, 
mad but «li^btly »]ub]a in ihn wmo Lijaid nl ■ }>ajlin|r hnni' 

A. wax 3 At. Ai^vi. CrynlnllbKHA rwlily from '^ c:"\c<viftHf\ Jolutinll 
nf tulpbn^LiiihiMljylicN aokI eoiLtaiujUii: ijuinnL. m lnrKO ruur-«Ldeil |iriaHi«> 
wbu'li rodJtii liiuiae aiTOTi^jly uttd dail<iiiatcp in thv lUf. 

iC . vi-n .. . an a-fl 

Ml,,- yti in _ 1-4 

K - ,.,r- i9-i Tail fl-i 

IS , 37-tt W'B* 

eo <rD iijj 

Vti'Kffi.vSO' 134-3 IM'W 



tviii 7 At. Afi4. ti mr^'. 

4C .,.., wo 

7 B M,,.. ra 

K _, «■■ 

4 a B4HI 

no ^ »-a 



la-tt .,„ lO'SO 

a-UA ». 310 

l^M - - i;'M 

4;i 






no'V 



iO*s-ao 



Baryto-trtit — Tmni^mrnht rhnmliiir Uhliu, vpry murli NUHxnMin^ ihii 
buTl»-«ilr 'yt ibf* tt^iH r'f^lH'O'iESO'; p.^rnmrn'iit hi tho nir (KnIW)— 
^ Vary jolutja ift w»Wf, but prcpniilnlcii frnm ».hFit nolront m flno 
ffiddluaby dIwiiIiiIq ikluuLul, iiuJ b^ otJiiiary ij-tiit »f 11110^ lli« cfyttiil* 
Hntd oyer nil jtf \'\\.tl'\\. JUiJ lliim bi^Hlml Ifi 100 iut tivo Jayjj ffivo ulT 
5'9A pvr roht n AO nl WHUir, Al n bEiKlmr tiirti|fE<mttin^ i\u-y 
i|flCDnipo*«d> siviD^ an Huipburou* uitd huLplmrKi iM^id, (MmjiEuti-) 



i^n) 



iMrrfrrflOO* 



Vuf>niEi' 



IC 

«H _ .. 
18 

O 



- is'O - '-a^ 

aO VB4 ^ 

Jfl-B _ «■?* 



0, 
I'EfB 

ft4'Aa 

4fi-?l 



«^ 



^K ao 

Tb* ifiBff-Ui* •»• tntiSr wUh ih* uli ofnnmrf >py ptrrvnu I fp, JOJl) from iulritta' 



_ 4«fS -. 4«-»r 




DW. 



ICrrBTLKlil: WWOUKi 



f TiniBfl f TMOi ffai n tr i n wlilT mI^I* mi«c nrnitflia tf ' 

•aide dlliAltlict«d,tf4nwaal«lb VMM ovir«a«f Titri< Ww 
m mh^ ■■■rah—, aJfae mi^ b« tW mIMim dT vUcb 



St _ rw 



t« 



nvjx'ni^vip; 



<» 






ibta4«ri«r. 



T K. 



ac -. n . Hi 

4 » « t4a 


_ i^ 
_ !■< 

_ m - 




1% 1M ^ SS« 


»I4 U^l 










»C If . *-n 

< II . 1 >-*t 
ffc IM . i^fi 


^ MM 


1 


lO^ . M - »«■ 




• *<,( ^ — " "*" 

CfH*lM^ .._, ■; -^ 41-M 
rUO . Ill M'C4 
HI ^ I'W 






'^'=*Wj ^ 1^ „ 




i 



4. SaH |iTt|An»1 by promt T Cf^ 709); fi. SaIi ptMtvd tj ff«Mi 
la Htapttat* f ne nitboir <€!«. Ste. ifu. J. 1, U), iW ittU aW 

3 it olWi irHiirp4Mri*|4A^lta4ud i>|im>>iui |y4r' 






rhj«fc<lo»t iKr«t4o v^U iriUi i^ MaJjvr* w tliutv ■"'■**Htri Ij *■ 
ink 1m Um |<iiin>iiru iiUv^ 



ClIUJttU-StJLl'LKrtltiMBlHTLlC ACID. 



AOl 



Cfopptir^mll^—O'htnlniH} in wry Ani> cirjmtalt Ity >Jaw]j DvupmtUnM 



^■ityftrinaf. 




CVrWfffpxnJ, 


ThlnifiKtl 


■ C IV -, 


9a 


iC — w <*'We 


6-Vi 


XH S -, 


l-U 


«a,_M « ... 4-03 


-. *W 


Vfl .,., n . 


ib-» 


C* -., U ..,. l*"60 




211 a:i - 


19-BD 


19^«. » M„ LB-CC 




<o 4tt - 


37';0 


HO -. « „„ M"T3 





l^U'CuO'.KBO*,,, III „„ JOO-UO 



t »A<1. 171 -,^ lOU-VU 



Siltff-iiiU. — CiyntAJUiu vory »A4it}r in luibyJrout, tnnfponnU th'o 
hminflin «r1iii'h tcilfuiri LiUuU^ huvif a irw<i^tiiilip fimfLJfio ULklt^ uii^l am i^uL 
Wbi^h ivltunvl by mpiAuru to HUiuiLirKf; tliinr H^Iution in not c|iA(i>itipu:^l 



C'TftMUiiritr 




lUlkb 


IC .«. u , 


& 01 


a-;a 


>H - 3 . 


l-Jft 


i-»fc 


Ac IW - 


, aS'SfO 


bS^UA 


1« W 


, 1BJ& 




ftO 4a , 


, VA'OA 


~ 


t^UMfcO'^aSO* -^ 2UA 


lODO" 





ChlorO'BalphoBomethylic Acid. CCiH'O', 5S0'. 

Chhr^^l-l'Hir't<}fiwrfcUa^ri: {\{.\A\k\ . A vide tttf/^urTfiiniie c^^i' 
(Launiiil)i Acute tnithidii{Ui iAfnrotu^rf [Qarhtutlt). 

njvtory, Fomfttioii, lad |fr*puuioia (pp. 29C. SOT)- 

TtiJi^kiftli Vniaid. tyrupy At Ifl'; alFon^y Aohli yJeliEii uu rryvtula: 
• tiNiiiiitJi li EiLiil t>r I4Q" williufit dinyiTiijiuHiliEiii- 

>C— M..ii.,HUH 1^0 «... V-M 

I IIm**m. •«..,«*«o*» ^VO 2'M 

a . ^. . _„ ^ m ??|a 

as ,3^0 ™„„ u-^i 



c^iiro'.aso* «,M^-, 13(1-4 laooo 

All tiic hIu uf ihii iwid a,r^ mlnUe n vn^r, aoA moat of ibim w 
DrynlAlliiVLlilQ. 

jjiim>rj»(-jfr^f,— TUd nc|oaiiiu loJuitgti, nvuponUiJil pwr oil of vHt'uti, 

I't^atfi-natf. — CtynUilIkJM in hhtiJIm froni a Uot 'itlumt'kd unlbliau in 
$fti»ir I'oiit. blvuhol. (Ud W^nid llirtnUy hf<omln|c wmi^olid. The (i^l« 
prcwtl batwi'iiri pupcr bhJ ilrLwl Jil lOU' an biihydruuj, U a iFil hHC. 
they i^ivii iiir wLklur mill ■iilfi]jurk>ui ocid iviih ti in^i^ vf luZ^iUur, nui 
IfftTQ dilcriib of imtJiuium mucti LliioLunuil by clijuniikli 



BICULgRU-tULPJIOVOMKTUU.rC .^CJD. 



303 



TLo Bolil fiuuliu irilhuut doAUiupOfittuu A Icuipcfftturo of 140'; nl « 
airon^r Lct(» ic oritiu ilvt»«. wltllc, v^id fuiiif*, i»iid Iduvu a ruiJuii of 
durenbl. U i* nnl iIcvjiEupcjuiil hj tiittie aiiiiJ, iii\\ia-raif;\iL. nr eht'tnun 
iinid-«ZiD'j ilijuinlvi'* III llii^ iMfiii"iiiii vn]y IjIriirjLtiuj; livdm^an }fJbh wliiiitt 
HnmMn nf Kiiijk^iJdft nf cnrKnn^ anil rnrniinir nhlnnJi- ii{ unr, l-^^Lhrr wi^h 
th«tir« alu- (.1'Cl'iUr>iASM(V, anil C'('lirZnU\SS(J*. 'I ho quwitity 
of Iho IbIIU tnJL li rrniEi-T u lEic tivuEutiuu ol L^rlmpen li kepL Lp firr ft 
[ciDgvr tnim by Cfiiit"iija! ailJiLiEih uf flul]j]|iirLi: aciid; Iml ctiwulnlu tm&»- 
fEintlULinll I'Jili only l-n ofTui'l-Ml Ity ulUfiLrM^ lLI-Lic»U (}K Jl»7)- Tlld HUhiu of 



^ruintinn 



of ihfl Inltur vlt bjr aiim id PitpniiwHl Uy tlm fciltowiii|[ 



Ii dcwrn|i0«M tolublfi m«ia]lli' ohloriiic^ luiJ nUh bu« ii foniu kIu 
nil uf wliic}! aril vulullir II wjLtitr, 

Atif^'i'tU-ntfi — Thn naid uiiutrnlii!t"l with itniiiiDuiit jridci^ by iiriin- 
Uiti.'']ti4 ('vu|iomt]i»D, tnutApuruiil odd odIdufIcwi pAiitin, lui idfib Inriff »iid 
fifrrnqtirnt in tttc nir. 

f"f'j^-t<iU. — Ptfpiiyotii^n [p. sue), — SiririU, peurly fOiilei w&itL. iflor 
ilrjtng m V'jj^aa over oil of viUjoIh u-tv. nuhy^ioui- TLc wJl ei u^uiml, 

■ibore ^An", i[ ^lvi^^ olT cnrfionkc okmIf, cirLniiK^ JicM, byilrurhliinn n^Hil. 
4ni] di«1phun>jLH acf'ul, ani] I^vqa il rotlduo of obloriilo of |H'rA«iutiip giiied 

^lij ft eiDoU ^uiEitiiy of chinrcoa]; 

cfCl■Hlco^asa> - kci * c -h co^ . nci * s«o^ 

Tho nrbnnlo oiMo In pr'iliiiMy fi>rin4«i) Ky Lh? n^Linu of tho nd-h^ 
cfa^roofrl in Llia rutmut uii llio cbrliuniu iltIJ. The iiiTt rfioaulYda la 
vtlflFt EAUd in iM^ilif]^ aLvulitU ilcubul, but i» intolublir in Duld JihjHilitt* 



/IrfJ lit i-if Ffi*. 

n „- lit ,.„ 0"« 

SU ID'« .,., MUM 

X -^ ao'i .,- W'M 

tS. ^ 380 .„. IB-;0 

• O «'D -.„ U'flb 



Via 

Iff 7* 

32-119 



c»H(;PKO'<a»o» 



>M-fl 



lOO'lM 



lOU-M 



SVftVfWii^ — Tho aqucoui b<^4 Dcutr^ii^l vJih »r1»nate of lElvftr, 
■od umpifmLuil [ii vBoiiu uvlt oil vT vilr&ul lu jwrf^i:^ ilnrkiiiiBa, yicljfe 
■Dull, ttiiiia|HLrDiLit tuluruMj' ojlDiirti'da tryMlait. wbicli. nfti^r dryiEig in 
TMito nr avi'T t\m wn-li^r^Knth, lue frM (n>ni walcit, Thv vnk rftm^inB 
UDitrcnnijwivd liU li^n-td En IfiW, and aX ht^hor lariiperKturtK jii dumin- 
puH'il hlti> ilin {'otd'^l' "iilr.s lu Ai^iiDOUt BoliUion it >ciry ouijj btukpDci 
by ilieht ar houL (KvIW 






B(3 






ioe-B 
4«-a 



«4i 

M-DO 






CS;PH4«Cp*JH0i , . !?!« .- tl»« 




9^n 



^«<j^ 



^ tf 






», 






OM 



m III ■ " "-"-'-^■-— -"r^ — .j^----^ — =- 

Uhiai], but lliD dbblW dpcfl licfi HmUiu niifiil ifiril.Wl ^ 



■JIOMITTIIVLIC lODh 



3Pd 



dirD|u of DuEnjuih riim to tbv Inp of iL fWfiiiLiiiuio & ScliwaiJHr-}-* 
Lowig (A^, 4£> 41>n) DbUklottd by ihli di>tttE»1inti, iniitj'iiil i>f wiittd- 
niril, >a cchnml liqald bBYln^ & iwcalk plekavtC ImIo, anil taiatly 
QjtfervDl frutn wu[id-«|>iriL Wbcu ilry kmiuijaiieAl gu if [xuhJ over 
BiiiibyUc *ul[rlmLii, tJiu laLEirt i" Airiviirtcul, wit!] tvululLoD of D0&1» mtu a 
•oft i^ry»i»iinE]L) muifi, f>ntWi]y ik utinLurri ni Mil|r]iiiriivlbjftuikiT uud uimI*. 
Biini|iu»^ii4| luiiUivlm Aiilphpktf. Wirh m^dnwiH >krTiiniiitUL. im^Lli^lm flul^^iUn 
bc<c!<j|iit« bcalpL) n, mni-\i m to |^n>J(«t thf n>a*i "Ul fS tim vcnkhuI, ttncl ik 
Ktutii>rL i» {orn})!'^] crmutiiiui^ fral|f[iajUDLl»j]uijQ» C^IIA'O'h^HO*, nnil fwid- 

MiTLhyli? Aii1pharri» bnatr-il vUb Urn ri)l1n«mff mbntiinaai, yl*}4», hj « 
kiiiil >if fluublv licooioputJOoik, thi- fdlliv^iif dthfim *ii tbn ■■cond JiitJ 
Ibinl ciuHH ^ WUb fued aUbn>J( </ wif^Hn : oUoriilq nf luiitLyl fuiil 
■dpbHio fff •uda : 

With tbo ruHfAida af it^ afkah-ouinlii ■ n llqiiii) (iikviiilp]ia>^ intRitEiUEi. 
*-Witb cffaiti'te of /'••InaitiHin ur i-ynnulii nf nwrevrff - m lii|ii]il ojiBnidc* of 
nolbjl. — Wilb/rtfTOiVi?? «/jorf/»r fonnifttff nf methyl : 

lb ^MiOdU /^potaah . bcuuAto uF fLi«lbyL {Dtmu A ridk,i;a1.} 






STilphoractliylic Acid, OH'O'^aSC. 



PviuiJi PlLIOOT- jfnn, CAijn. fhj/i. 58. i4. 

Wh«i I HTl cif wrnid'uprit U ntlxivl vltFi f piirU nil of rUrinl, tliv 
Wftl walvrJ i* nTifflrJ^nl U iiidu«i lh4 farfi»lln& ai thU BCidj lud if 
tba lEriviik bo (bfn 1i>ft to ov^itjin'^lc apnntfirLfwufllj, Ibp aiiid nflan i*ryei4l- 
Uu, (L>diUA*& F^'tig<il.)'Tliv niiilun vf lyL vbod-tj'irit and ;j pta. 
oil of vkriul ■■ dUulcd wrlh wbtvr; uligbtly "iTiKir^liimM wlih barytu, 
kdd fill*if»J frum iulpliBle o( buytu, lim flltfite v.-in'oflimtid m ilio 
Titi«r<lBlh. ifrb(^rvu]>uu k nniitU mlditiupftl i|uaiili(^ of lEiljdicita uf Imrvlft 
U dr<ptpiiil(ul ; «nd flnaJlj. thn H^uiil r* pljiA^E undut n ^^tUj^r, Tutfotbirr 
irJili >juk'k )iinr»^ viil U^fl In ckVnfKJmtA ut ih'" ti>ni|w]^fazii u( tha air liU 
tbfl bor^ln-vti rr^«Ljtni*«4. InT^ tbit uiLt thn Ui^tu^ i' pnnvnrirrd rvnn in 
the ImI dnjL 0J dlstolrjttf thr^ briryliv«nlE in vmli^t. |tnNii|]it4tine Lhq 
tw^tft by uidiag lulphnric iwld m tli« mrt 4|nnh1lt/ rfquJTpd. >iii<| nvf 
ponllni; iHa fittnlD m viinuo Eu iJic (>ui>»itt«ncc of l lyFUp^ tbo uLd ifl 
obiwDiMl in thv L<ryiii»]lLiiD furui, fBuuiu A FCJufi'V) It mny ftlio Ui 
pmArrd by dprniiL[t[j>-lhfi: tbn biqd-anll i-iib iulpburt'ltrj bydnqrou. It 
Ll bovevrT. nbt&mrid in ibr nilUn nf ^n^twl putUy by buii iEi|[ it JoluLimi 
«f Dothyllc auliihiita Id boiling wiktor la evapurtto ■poDEaavniiBly. 

VUL. VII. K 







TW 



■ «v»| tula. Tb 

; tat Binf* iMHiUif 

v||F4l iri'H" 
Aw a ill* fM^ 1^ 

vW« k^fteJ is i*i« ftu; Ukea In, ai 



SB . 
O . 



. ** 



- :?* 



i* 76 
1 3f 

< n 



I>BiD, PcL 
3? 1 

6 1 

111 

10 2 



Lit) 
9i4 



OH-B*l>.;><> - i^- l*:-6 .- IMM 



joa-oo 



luuoa 



£rii.--»H: — A=hvJrvaf oc!i-beJr«D?. rrrj deJlqaHtfnl. (Kaw.) 






. _ _ w 

*3 



. . . «J0? 



SI 41 

_ CO- 25 

. . . tan 



t^H'C-O-'.SStH ._ IJJ 



IM-OO 



IWIW 



f'nTfthT tatt. — Fannnl hv prffipifting fnTphomeEliybLle of bvyU \j 
1 Ai urauu^ <'uJp1uii\ »o ihii ibe dliratr.- may qdE eihibit ^ny lorliiditj 
either ^i iib ^ulfburir mriJ -.'T vitli ■ barrta-KiU, And Ifsria^ it to cvip9- 
raCi' ]□ vnruu. Th« i¥^iJil:J trmp, aftfr tbe bipfle of seterKl vonLbi, 
di crv^uli vhich ut ■very debqwrteat, and moat he dried, IM 
|ja|*r, and (beq ia xkbo. (PeEigot, J^. Jhh- Ckim, PJkft.1% 
J.pr. Chem. 35, 152,) 




SULPBAMBTHTLANK. 307 



V*0> 444 

2 80* flO 

2C 12 


b9-U ... 

4-^ ... 
I-U „. 
6-26 ,- 


..... W"8 

BH-fl 

4-2 
1-6 


20 16 


8-B 


t7H>(U»OTO»,2SO* ± Aq. SAG ._ 

- IW.SO' + <?HO,Sff + Aq. 


llXi-00 ... 


lM-0 



Lnad-^aU. — Gonerally ciT^tallJEM in long prianiB; Bometimes also in 
tftbLes, which perhapa contaiD S At. water. ^"^ decompoMd hj hfla.t 
into Bblpbfttd of lead bad aolphatfl of methyl. The pnsms, when dried 
OTflr oil of yitriol, give off 1 At, water. (Kudo.) 

tyyttJIbitd im jrnnu. KtH. 

PbO -. 112 - 50-00 49/6 

i SO" ^ 80 8*'Ja -, 35M 

C*H^ _ » iViJ 981 

Aq 9 - 4-fll 4W 

C?U»PbO",2SO* 224 _ lOO'OO lOOOO 

Snlphometlijlio add is mndi less aolnblo in alcohol than in water. 

Besides the bftiytA-aU above deecnbed, there eiiata aJeo another 
isomerio with it, and called Itomrric tuiphom^ylaie of baryta. Accord- 
ing to Dumaa ^ P^Jigot {Ann. Chiju. Phm 61, L3&), thla salt ie obtained 
by pawng tbe Taponr of HnhydroDfl ealpaurio ^d into atihjdrouB wood- 
flilriL, diluting the liquid with witet, Batnrating with buyta-water, pro- 
Ci{4t&tiiiE the BicBfiS of barylB bj paasing carhonio acid into the liquid^ 
and leading the filtmto to ontporKte at ordinary temperiktnree. 

Very long, thin prisms, apparently rhombic. 



BiO.Stf 


„ - iie-o ..-. 


... 64-82 .M, 
.- SZ'27 

6'68 ... 

l'6r .... 

4-46 


M?0 


ao». 

sc 

an „.... 


„- 40-0 

12 .,.. 

S'O .... 


.... G'95 
V7b 


o 


8 .... 











C?H*B40»,280' ^ 17Sfl lOO-M 



Sulphainetlijlane> (?ii'Ad,2S0'. 

DcuiB A PiLiQOT <1S35). ArtA. Chm, Phyi. AS, A8j also Ann. Pharm. 
15, 45. 

Fonnod by adding iQethylio inlphalo to aqueoue ammonia, grmdn^ly 
and with Ae^tatiDU, bvoanao the Boliitioii ia attended with p^Bt ovoiutioD 
of hcatf and lunn^ the solution to eTaporate to the crystalliijpg poiDt in 
faooo over oil of vitnol (p. 305). 

Large, trWiHpar«i)t and colourlesB tahleB, which are flitT«mely deli- 
'qaeaeent* bat may bo r«tored to Uie aryatalline form by drying in raeno, 

fthimaa A, Fdigot). 

X 3 




- ■ - - -iZ-r ^^ 
t<v: 1 -.1-; ■"i-.i.---a 

t*«>:. Its : : i f>- 



vapiiur ■"bi.'jt ^:t=:.:^ 



Ikd ronfnqml 1$ fotwd 

Oi 4 nUtioa 4if diEtmnfl 

ABM 1*4^ ik* edimbBv. T^ 
M Af baODV •! lli« rcul«flr. ie 1*14X141111 

:; -T-r i xiii;^ ..f ffaff^riJo of calfinm aod oiiile ol 
:;:j .:,;1 •■b.^■h udl'udm to 03 of ifao wiKnl-apirit 
Lriiri S'i'^s; jvluts idJ is therefore n miiiure; il 
■ , t'.^'. L~z * d ^l.[!alf wbich jinioUs of hyiJnirTiii'S 
:be-ei-Tv. cv---i4i?i& ■-{ nieibvlio fwrmiate; il \i Qui liJT 
^ to 6$'. ihit m^ihvlJc DLirale paSiS<^a over in k fiUU 

IV. 

.' of ^. jT, ]'l.^? al SO-; boil^ al 66', and vielJj > 






IT 
U 






Durru ^ 



C-(Bpour 
H^ga ... 

N'?M ... 

O'S" 



Vol. 

I 
3 






C'HHJhM>' 



liW-iM . . i(m-M 



Z4&V 



) 



A^ ihi' nnnlv^i? Joo? not acTf« v^l? wjih iba calculitionj Dauju A 
^(•Ut^\-t c-tn^'\-]t-r ji jHisjjMi'. ihouL'b aut Terj provable, that (he compf'tiJi'l 
may l>o C']['i>,NQ* [lVrh:ip Uit^ ImuiJ was conlamJD&tocI kiih mdbjJK 
bitnfe. t.''H\),NO*, a fom[H)UDd nul known in iho separate Btate-] 

MvtliyJic DJtraTc, when set on fire, bumd ficreel}' and with » yeWt' 



CirLOnOMETIISLiC WmMIATK. 



flunfi Ilfl riipnii' drlnnntfpi with Uio gronl'Vl vl^^l^mui Ht n tnmprmtnfv 
■ littlo bttU* 1.11^— On brlnginir a flamdi)- ho'ly lo thr ■j^'PtBrp of a 

{]■« hulb ClJJoif WLlk lliir va|iijur, nut oiily ia ibt bulb ilii^llcrti] [o jhlc^u^ 
ul llli^i^rtv a |i[iiljuiifii-L.^i'uvtljlu ijj h'Ljob it umy bo uiil'Ioh;iX Gvoq u 
(UL irifu l)<^iW 11 buolH wlicii )t ^iiMH Jliuk cfjiitmuiuu; iCHl fublii aihU' 
nibln^ii vi lliii I'ligkniF jf UuhIviJ c^i [hi? iLiEniK^nittiFu ut whk'U i| iii.|p1(h1{V. 
FtibvariljE^ln*, lb*' ™rnp<*«nd mij' i>p unnlyitoi! in ifa" i.riliiijrt *!»y wilh 
eijtl*^ of I'OpfW'r, tlin HccnrnponiliDH Ulthip plnfp vpry qtiirkir, but mthjujt 

nnd mlFo^rn, m^nru noi^tiTj^rn tnEPik^h rur rhir fSm.] Mnllkyli^i nitrat*, 
buUfJ nJtL olcobulln iiolaAi. h ni[ilill^ Ui^ooinpovoifj witli ri^piinil^ou gf 





HeUiyliG Formiate. (^U^O.CiW. 



FtirwiJtM tif .tfrfiSy/, ^nrmwi* flf rt*!** q< ^nlA^/; rnnMic M-fCAj/U 

lit t/ierJtjflr^ 

Bqim] imrln tit iiwi]\yV\D tvilyhnta ujid furrriijilji} uf iiih[il uc ^i-^dUy 
T in A <]JiitElliLLi>ry iijijuimliir Ah h'hh u Old EW-Ut^u bM^Lii«H U^ 
bDrnmii* cponlii-iiiiiiiixLy limEiul. mi*! uitiOiylii fortiLJatv jmu'lhi mur in 
A nciffy ]>iir? <tnfc inT'i T.hp ivc«'ivi<r, wbirb i^huitlii lap wpII r^xiM. Thi 
DWlJiylic lunahuT?, wLicb aflor^-nnin pnj4tn avor 4I k biubm l^mprtnlum^ 
it i-uriLuirLiiiikW «<ilb ft liUlv niodybo lutphftlfi. TL14 ili-TUlAl^ ibiu 
obluiTifvl ir iM^rilji?*! wur IbririmU' uT fluJn, ■.nJ Llifln i>ijiv tjy if«?tf m A 
drv n^rurt tii tWi* EiMJiEinri n. |4orfi<cLly jjuiv [iroihECL in ubTn.rur7i1. 'I'Mi 
oompound in not obtAinvit by iTiiUlUuf wooi-ii|rihl adJ fDimiEilc cif judft 
with oti nf ritrinl. 

anJ bftp)i>^ OD ollicwd I'Hi '^T'. |<I< .' <irtt niL^^nr. Vftpnur iJoB^llyslE (t^A. 

IDoiDU Jfi r^Il^ol}. iiuUij lji^].Uk.v4L Ji^ and Si"; uaclla lik« fiomilo oUiDf. 
Li<^. aim. or^,} 

lOOQ , 4U'i>; C-npOnr t ^. i-t>T.tn 




1«000 _ IIFD'OO 



1 ... ro;M 



ChluruuitiLliyliu Formifttc CX:tlIUC»0'. 






I 






rjftHOUETKTLAL. 



311 



, vaiT ■fowl^. tnkin;: u|i 10 At. uxj^u [troiu 

I Till, inDthjlal <[j«nlT« [a 3 vul vutor, wiU uuy lia lapantc'l tborfr' 
born try tfiiamijnir (li« waLdi triib iHikuh.— It diHulTH in klcuho! kod 

MaIjiwUi Vol- Dpi-lly. 

fC*^ „ N .,.. 4rAT „^ t^bG C-npou-. (> 2 IQ'JU 

• II B ., 1053 .... HW3 U-fM^ 9 .- 0W« 

40 3;( .,„ 1210 .... 4|-»| Oh«ii« .... 3 .. 2'21M 



Hdhjbl- 70 



IDO-uo 



tODiW 



i .... b-itM 
I .... 2'GMd 



[M?lliy!uJ It ferLwpa jl onpnlal^ii aninpDmid of ft higbn tirdtT. OOm- 
)ml DWtibly of I At. nieLlivlic funniiKa HTf.h 4 At. WDoil-aifiril, mvnvt 

M. no. 

ITn^ fa iVtv rormulo, il« Tnponr wfll Iw, nM I-d-IihuIhi. 1ih« Ihat of 
1*0*1 hut l-B*rnnio, JoBl fe» Al-ammoDiU tapoiif, whu^li i" J-ntmnin, in 

whr^ jirrr ^Lbt4(iilo< Gnr,] 

AcpordJii;t lit LiHliiij (fMrn. my,l, me%bl=2MoO + FoO + A*i = 

tC»ir.t>+»t''H,0+TlO AcroHin]" to H-^gnaull, \l ia htmad hy iho 

nniuQ i>r U At- mol tiy t-cElif^r, wIiiqIl hKVa lAkoD up 20 jlihI ^vun olT 
IHO: 



FDnnomflthylftL CH'-o*. 

UAUnrti. ^nf, CAwL, fhyw. '0, SBO; nlu -4nti. Plnnt,3% 5Bj tAn 
J.pr. C^Tft. 1*, 67- 

FtrmaL—TirtX aoilovA hy OrvKDry, bat m«* oimpl«t«ljP cuminBd 

A mUtnte nf 3 nW oil of vitriol and 3 witor l> "»ddnd, Tifrrr unnlfci^^ 
? ptJ. uf blhck oildv f>F binhyaQPAO HIkI V pCa- wuij-ltjilrpli^orrAln^l In 
s en|iuiiiii]t niEiirt; iiltI llm miiiuTH ^ntly LukEml la tlii) whr^^t^Srilib tJtl rt 
iHtfinii tn fr^lli up, l^ul nn Inii^r, bprami'i^ tln' \i^i ppiKln4:iid li_v ill* 
rfunt^on i>f ihi^ irml'TUiIji !■ Jinlliniciit fur th^t 'tirtiltnlimi ; townnli llm ojid 
fpf (ho oji''nilT'>n^ hnw^irr, ikr hi-M, ^hniil't Iw tikhud I<i IHCf. Thn *h"- 
iflUte. vblvb conuint fonddTnclliylal, wocl^r'lril. n]dpfcijnHi«, i^hd n ■niuU 

vnHluH^jr riling' Irum >0 Lu 80' , iiri<l itnly lliikt i^iliriu [■ OL>tTiwled wlijoh 
ditlU* avi*r cit tcMiifHimlui^w ntti ik)>r>VEi ^\i' Tli<^ tliiErllutL* thui obtHiii^ 
ranHi*l*aff^nniniiii[ltylnlmiir,(1 wtrli nnniU] c^uBCiltly nfuUutiydu (Kuuo,) 

TranApnrrikth cntlnujIfiHs ninliilo Uquid, Builn at j^n (Kuio); al 






»M 



44 U **9 




hyf* «4M ik «Hili7 ntf k 

wmnU <• ■■ir&tf J a« TOJka b«i4 fas 

ipl *. T^tmm i if p w (n£ HiTi lit 




I 



bft«MifM4 tl 1 At mItIi 
(■ w iit r iMd Ht LfitBi ii At 

I Al t j ii*i r ial 1 y<iaf*Mtfawat»jH-*f>*^ 
E^ ^ — » *W a K mJl^ *■ tj*tf> 
V^ h iiMT ^ ' ^ ^ At Bftkri^Ai* 1^ I At. h} 



■I Auiifr ^ * Al a*Ajhl will I Al Mtt^Tlit 
WMr t> 1 I ■! mhm lb* «i«lu< ti IvbM kiiL m 



lOraTLUIINB. 313 

TbWB MVflr&J viuwji lire qihitiittid in thp r<illii4Jiiji tnhlo: 

AflnrHlLuE *>* KtH. According ft Diiid**. AcaardLnf Ta U-LTKna. 

CBO ma f II O 

1 M McAfl^tlwr .. V 3 1 H Ai. U-rhjItae it fr V At, Mrlhf lU IT Ifl « 

t U< Udhfl-iMkdt Hi X M. )tO .. . A K 1 At, MutbiLlnl . . . 

|\i,P4tnnli<A4]M I I 3 fOnulito .-I 

VanfeflBclliTUL ... i i ^ tlOt It 10 IV 

Itt mnr ftljio be a oopnLalvil cdinpuunil of 1 At, nuitUylio forminUi nnJ 

CH'O- • CH-O* - two -. <7H»0'. 

, ^,- a At. ofdiin wriifiuuiril «r>! nctfld upoTk I'^potuL, only I Ai, uf E)i4 

5 Motbylomino. (;:*ii*N=CHM£*W= H Jn. 

VfcutE HHitt). Cimpt. ren-i 2H. ^23, and 393, 20, iPAi i f»ttt4. IBV(, 

CrTifr, lS4n, 2<H;(,"A™i-IVi«. IS4*, 115: ^Bn, I^hat-m 7LB3U;Xpf. 

ran* W, 2aN; CAm.-SV, ^m y. ,1, flO JoArfgf/er. IK41>, 30*^ 

JWofefuUjr .V,J.,7f, fiVft*. /"A^. 30, 440 f ^, /w'. CjWt, A3, ISfl; 

y<^iiu&tfr. 1SA0, 4<3. 



/'i>rHin/>o4 1 By t}\o action <if potub Ob ojonato or oyincmtii 
BjOkftutEan orpolAalioL wrtAy^i^wi, C'H'N'K)' (WutU): 

c^M»N=0' ■ a^Ko,Ho> ^ 3(K<i.ro') f xif . cti-n. 

9- loJicIo "f infLlivlaiBtnoniiiHi, H'tCH^jN,!. flf bjdriorfito of mell/- 

MumAniA on indido uf inqthrJ- (Ko^anu, f^m, Soc, Qu- J, 4t ■J£0,>^ 
4, Bj tbiT kCtion of i-AUilin ntLnlla or nf (ilili>rinn on Tiirioo* UKluniL ullu^ 
loidsl a. Mi>rji|jino b''at|iil r<> 'iOU'^' iriLb b^Hlrnti; nf pntvb yirlilii 4 dia- 
lUlnU oonl^jrhin^ juvUiy 'inline, ( Wrrtbnim, Ann. PJi^rm. TH, if 10; rAtn.. 
0«t- I6A0, 144} e Tlic JlHJfftr.i> oblAJnoiI by bwunjE Gndnut in 
|10°.,,17^' '"il^ bydmlE of [lOtMb iNmEAint TnclliyliLTiibo, brjfPtlii^i- wilh 
BniODEiii amt oL^tt^r Lutic nruiluc.'t>. — i iry^trocLluFLkLft of mcthvTnniJnD 
la lArmnd by lW itcUuii uf rblurliic uu Thfifiromitie. (Ro«hIciJtr ff Ului^ 
w«t«. HVh, ^«Xff. flrT, MriH. 'Jrtrt, JfiAroiba'. |«iO, 437.) </. Al»o, 
lonUior villi & viuinty ttf nllinr finiclucU, by l)v iLrtiuit uf aliluncii? uu 
Cq/nfi'. (ltii|ibM4?A '^xn- /*i^nnn i;i», i'iU-, Wifn. Aaid. Jltr IMV, 




_ rial 



■ItRwttt 
111 it MkcBd w tai 

ft ike i^^ow nillJiMh M H BiO" '"HI Lbt tuW *• psi^ fll"«|* 



wmrruMiKi;, 



U5 



•rplchJvd irilh vol, nxntm prndiipr i tc*I, nrhnnio ufd and I toL 
BitTBiwo, X-iw « •i)l. CO' tfnotoJH * Tol. Oj liuflct 5 irol, inutl htv« 
BHtD wfifiiiui^p] in liurnip^ iLe byilrcrtfODj wiitrU uiiuil Ujurufitrir lutiuucit 
*o 10 flul,; m(HTif*rir, t vuL CO' ouuLujei 4 vifl. milHJu-viijuiijf HI., WS); 
oriDKqBiiiitl/ 4 vqI. flifllby|iiiuii.«-i.-u* fgptaiii 4 tol. t:. IH vni- H, imil 
S tpL K,-«orf wol. ii]yibyljiiniini f<nniiiti !/ ytit. C, Q H, nniE I N] And 
M dt lh«M ipwn uv uiunaEomii- ^I„ i!}). it fiaLkwt hIbd (but tba numbm 
ef numu of C, H^ nnil N, nn la on« uolbot m B : 5 ; L Ilcnce^ If Uio 
£■> iUuLf bd iljALoniin, it* ftiriditln mu"! I4 C^FL^N. To nbtuln comjiloia 
ttmljiHUuri, it ih Btchfrnrj Ut nli Cl>o j^iv iilLli 3 tiuiw kUi IuIuieiv i>( Jfy 
^yc^^- KQ^ C" ikdil In (bv mbtHTo, HcDHin^ lu Kii^nuli'* Fi-niiuiuuTJiliu 
tlon. &«itJim '^iMutilv of JoluiuUin^ tf «■, i!iirivi-il rnrii ilia cLpip1ri»] tun of 
W»tar. JiUo p*rfc<.llv ilry. (Wartt K. -iwn- t-'A™, Wrt. UOh 43l-»,— 
8, PolxAaiLin Ikcitu-il ill iliD pu dtnMaipoBu it oomplol*!;*, jrialdiaj; fioa 

Sl-J T*l, iiintljvl4ii>nie yii^litin^ fil'S vol. pur* faj"li«g«t) DUinban vLipli 
Am niurLjr in |hr mflo rkt 3 ' ^ Tlio uU'jn, l^jwrvur, ciUibtU two tlJLtfci. 
At flrii^ whll« Ibc hoAl is iiiLiJpru«, ilxi vuIuiud uT j^ iEi^rtAnoa but lililu, 
$.ad tbc KBiduD |iFulablv fluutuut O^U'KJN, « ii^-mpuuuil ^noIufrDiift lo 
atnidv <tf pfiLiu«iiiiii» abJ Ibix at u hi/jltur IdnipFTiUunT ■■ n'tipJtvd mla 
byibiwini Dud cjBJiiLiii EiT |»»tnrifliiiin. Ihu hi1fjtrt]ui^jm|K]pitUuii brtJitM h^i^^^i^ 
pmiHrbjthooontidMrablo idl^ivud in vi^liiiim wKirli m ah^ivivd. (WiLrt&J 

CfmbfUiitUmt, — A-jwmit Solittivn. — MeLhylairinv It (lie Qioit wTublo 
It VttftT vf nil ktjifwu irnMvi. Whiffr bC £a' abwiibi 039 lliUM, kjd ftl 
Jfrlt*, 1110 timiH ilB v^Mtimn aS Lbu ifnh'— Tbu v-dulivu ia fF<^pHFnl by 
JiMitliiif rynmimlp of tiir-tliyl with im|ji*lT]py, {\t. 313). Tliu liP^uiild %ra 
bcMri'l tiecthfr in a flofL lunnounU'il by 11 iV4nn-lutv, wliidi wrvu to 
WDdfiOH tli^ uqit<ti'*'ii v-nioiir, \tiiA hr-jinjMtr i| frnm ih" ipumEui nw'thylt^ 
DiEiie; lLe;rii* EIumi ]jii^«i« over inti* n rvwlver cnntninlnif 1 *mnll rjunnlhy 
flFifuni wufar, Tbii ■fomjpli'tii i^^4:i>iikpiL4r[ivii nf (W <TyhUUi'ati> <>f riti>l1ivl 
in n riiry litii^ npdRttiun. IL iiihv, buwcvur, Ipii Q.tvy[uPT»lt.'-l by prcvluiuily 
fdfin^ th'' nlli^r wiiL nolJiL byJnit«i of putiuli niuiilcnml ■tl&Ii a nnul 
ijVikntity rif wckif r* 

Tho tolalluD hnB llio p^^irrtrnl DilL>ar irf thi* ifiiK. rLn<i 11 vilremtfly 
iBiiitki; it i^tet <ilf tlic ^^ wlii^Ti Imilpd. Il id tlr^MiuinjiV'I \^y judiuu^ 
bFuoiiuv, unA i-h^otiMi!. ImUi^fr H'U}nA (1 i(, tmjI in noiiia, fcMtn* fiTJrJEi.- 
diLtcuf pkctb^liimiiu: wliitb iliHulvo*, ai\il /Ji^i»4r/p>flh'fAy/'iMi:Tif,C^lrl'jN, 
wbicli (vJUbJu* LnJiuolvvU ; 

ilmtriuc knd cULnnitr itpprfir I'l uil m « liTQilmr manntr, 

ThD BCtlDD of kqiicnw nihtliyliuniuD ud muliinii< i*iu ii^ for Ibo moat 

tij bi*iiiiilliH '^UrinJiium, iinninm, and tin, nnt i-n^c'iyitutud hy mvOiylm- 
BbM to i\\- "unir aiiuiiiiir u by «MJOoni*, With iiD4.'-ullii. Eni^lbybiiiiEn^ 
tvaam k "hllo prrpipiaJn* KjJublu eq k larfio «<r« of llin nrrLffWit, Witli 
ipntrWu. 1 b)i)t>h nbiti^ prndipiuiv, cui&ty inlublv la VK-V^a* bnJ 
imufiiE » ibe]! blu« folutinn, WUh iM^binuin^ttlli^ • vb>l« pnviptUlo, 
..-jtotild in D&ciM, WUb nickc! nnd njbdll mJt^ *liO. il fi>rnw pn- 
dptl&tf* mwiUiMii ill oitfiM. Tlif*P \n*t Ihwpj h-ntfliipfw Jiflor frm 
"lOM prodoDoJ by uunmpk, AcoUui of l»d it icaRBlj dogdoi by 







I7W.. 



h Id «bttn *<iUr Oi 



i»i ^ift 



Civn(,CO> U »«• 



a>l>K.cnfvi cv - MMi 



^!iHjfcf'i'"i** Ollilillm fl—ii -hx^hcnriL 1.fuwii on «»«««■ 
111* «ir; tWr u* tny AififMnn^ ind dliulTt icrj rt*dil/ m 

_j«rD»thvkM««. V««T viable Id nltr tnJ In ■hxAst 'Tnm 
9D^^(- H-iiiiiciii it ct;r>allitc« in lufv, tnUi^iii pklv, *Uck 



3n 



flC .... 




1« 

c 
u 


■ h— 


lOTl 


■ J IMH 

■•"hi, 




«H 

Itr 


lllbbl.HHK 


»-u 



OlJ">,MBc -.M - US 



lUO-W 



Hy<f'VeUorttM.-^Oucoui niclhykmiim imliinE Willi ki tiwn viliimn of 

ftaiTJiuniiw to Lliu nUiik uf [Im v4iahi1,^T1i4i m»1i. iii |irif]>iircM[ li^ imiirntinif 
■qmuiiii lObthylHtiiii]!] miit h^^,[p^,At\ar\li uiid, and rviipnmtrnjf tn drynru, 

i« lliip, Inr^ti tiiiniii[p« whiclt» nt llifr HiomeDl of C^ojr VorniiLlioiF^ appear 

abow ]l»l" KoLtr^kt in an iffrfin ^ihmfI 1v il vorj liigh tmii|H>nilUF<^ il 
viilutiliiot III vtry lU^hriU vai^hurx wliicb wtiduims iu 4 wbilo puwddr uu 



^tliD butIhD uf cold Imrliiu. tWiirts.) 



tc 

ell 

CI 



... 34-4 .... 



00-113 



I7"IS 
SV-4» 



C"tl*N.HCl „.. 



c; 4 



ino'oo 



_4lie 



Wlien a sulullfin of thS^ Hitip oltUer in vKter or in alcoliul, ■■ irctilKil 
villi 7iniB.]i!T\ni "f ih>bi^iutii, bjdrogn" i»< bvuIvhcI, a-iiJ ififl ^ic[Uji) LiMmiriA* 
klkitlior^ Wiirtu ri[u rntl yi«t ji](t»^riL|rd in obtnininr^ hy t}\in rr^nrlirm {in 
UnJ^morm^lEivliUniuniiiiiiii iinrrM|tiiiii1ing t<i TJin nMmmiiiw/if nmat^nm 
{I ^ *JT), Npiilior i» iiirb n fnmjinopd |ir'»fiO''<>il hy pliuung moroitry in fe 
fovily in a Inuip of Lyilrui^tilanLQ 1*1 tii«uiylATuiD«» uid coDn«cUiig U «ilh 



Jt'ilrate. — Furuiuil by ■alimLing ft^UDuarJ mctLyliLiiiiiio wfCL aittia viid. 
TIiu nuluiiob. wLcu uvaptffawd. yidd* bouuiLluIn '1W^'^ tliw&ilnddwl \ifriima, 
v»ry iiiucib iilr^iiyfl-lwdn juid <:[i>H<ily n^Hanil'Tiii^ ilia rpyalalf at iiUml" of 
luumLtiiin. TliLiy aru iliilir^unMiiMii, anr] dJi#idvi.* »pry rtwljly In vatfi nnd 
■In'linl Tlixy nw iLiT-itrnjHMud Ijv diMtillrilioii, yiuiiling ^uo>i]a |trndiiiitji^ 
mA divptof an oily ll<|nid^ irtvolqlilo lu wi^tor IWiitelJ 



to..,- — . 

Off 

«K 



.- la -„ 

« -,. 

. <8 . 



PIL-NiUO^O* U 



_aioa 

I woo 



IhvMii 



fi"44 



««m|NintiDg iL tniilarir of 1 -Av hydrcchlnr^tn of molliyltniEtin iind 1 At^ 
Aitrtnivfl BiibliiHitlo. Thft lulntL^^n^ whea liigbly utJtcoEiiratod, yiptiU 
^Uolky ttytl%\a of tluj JoablD mU. (Wartf,) 

^^ I^U^tVdHmff— On ntUiPg nantutinn of bydrocblorato of DiBthylunitui 
vi4b A »1iiti<ia of dtloriiio vi guld, nn pfcoi;ii[Aio ■• lormed; fatit on «r«- 
»mlinff till the Iii|,uiii becvmos wry uuutuuLtiitpJ bud ibou Inrln^ it to 








1^ ^JM Th r^-r ^r TltAjlw^ Will 




DnnTH¥l.iJfIHZ* 319 

Worti. 

4C 24-0 ..„ 1*« 12-32 

10 H 100 .... &09 511 

Pt™ ,.- _ 99M) .... 50'(l MJM 

CI J5< .... le-ra 

■ N _ MO .... HSfi 

2CC»H'N),PtCl IM'4 .„. JOOW 

ThimmpDimd is anslo^iu to Bfiiset'a fint dtlorid?, 2NH',PiCI (VT., 
300),— According to Oerb&rdt> Dutation. it may be Rgnrded u the JTv- 
AvcA^ro^ 0^ Z>LpJaCEUi>-mccAyfan^R«, NVl>H')Pt,HCl.— Wurti'e formula 

CVH'PtlNr ^^ ^ HBTdBt^ odiqlseiblfl, iaoBiniich u ]t UDpliu that 
fajdroobJoiio add cad act aa b bibuio aoid. 



T Duuodo-metbykiume, (?(H*P)N. 

Wmrz. iT. .inn. (TAtin. PA^. ao, 45S, 

Ponn^ bj Ihfi Htiaii of Jodia« od the a<[ueous eolotina of methyla- 
mine {p. 315). 

Oardet-culoDKd powder, wbich dlBSolTea \d mlcoholi but AppfloTB to b« 
dHxtinpaHd bj that liquid. 

WuitL 
SC ^ -,- 14 .„. 1-2? ..« 4ia 

»H 3 .... 1-06 .... i.ar 

SI Z&2 .... 89-33 .„. 89-5? 

N U .... bib 



C=j«-iN 



3SL .... 100-00 



Tbia compound a decomposed by bsatr but does not explode like the 
iodido of nitrogcD- It in ateo decomposed bj potuhf with fanm^on of 
lodida of potHaBinia, a ralatite product hariDg a very penetrating odoat, 
and a alif^bt insoluble rwidue coDaiatiDg of & yellow floDcnlent matt«r» 
not yet examined; Wortz ban, howerer, ucertaioed that this rwidne does 
pot WddM of iodDform. (Wurti.} 



nil oompoDDd faju b«D bat little fftn<l[ed. It ie fai-med ae a hi 
date {at iodide of dimethylium) by the aottoo of Hntmonia on iodi 
MMtj[(vp. 1T&,321). The faydHod^te distUlvd with nuatio potuh i 
tfi* tSkaii ra the free state. (Uofmaon, Ohem. Soe. Qu. J. 4, 332.) 



1 c 


24 


M'33 


7 H „.... 


_ r 


Ib-bB 


N 


U 


»l'Jl 








CH'N, 


,- 4a 


100-00 



w» 



HvnruM; puiujti yucuir^ i^b'. 



Mors. tUL lie). — TW kjdrwaite IB formed 1^ tb* ulioB of aatmt 
pa (o4U»«r MHtltrl; and aa awdHip]- l]>ia 4«po»d vitb polk^ 



CO 

fe It 


— ** 


^^^^*" 


15 sa 


M 


u 


«i-n 


vvm 


w 





w««t 



?9, II; jr. jfn. Ciim. Fk^ A^. lOtL 



OUahed In the form of *fi \oA\At br lb* Mlioi t# 
MUtflfntlhjI. 

Hot Inuwn ru did *i;-p4falifl vlaM (fk^ 1 !). 



■tUi 



1«« 

ftl-Ai 

i«n 



(cmiyN 



u 



loom 



•ilrvr in Uin ■qumu •olutHfb uf ilia kulida: 

(c>ir;*x.i • AfO < no o JL4I * (cni^xo^iia 

On lllvkf la Hpaimle tlip U^idr t-tnWot, *fDiaaclj«lbiJiB«MlaB)a»« 
"•MiJMd, vblcb whoD «Tft|itpn4«d In ihtuo er«r iQlpbnrW «fv>K jMlt ■ 



aod nrboDEF uiJ w]ib iltuUi^ (p. 17). 

Wlipn bnvrtd, it iDtamoten Mnnri^. ind !■ rnnirliil^lj nlipTJil, 
jrjfddm^' n ilmitifK alkiJih* JlHttlUtv, AdOotdiDg ta u« dcnaipaillBfr 
pn>diK-t4 AlittiQfil «>th oilK'r WiivH of nimHif rniTinifaii^ ih< bf- 
dm9l<iiHl»4>' tPiTiptbvliim, fk>r pivii|-1i> — il uti^l b* ufBMvd to jwi 
triDitibjIfrJuiue iLitd ETivlb^l4>uv, CH'; buT 'i( fepptui (« tw daeoBftsita 
• ilifrnnnt umnvr, v out a Bum of )«niULQonl gm li flbia vCfni 

cr^iUil^iHa tD iobj* ■JiiaiDf nndlr« (llahnkOJi.} 

/dJiiiJf.— lodl-^D of lu^iliyl bciii4>l In v«Jfd tobevIA 
IfeMBOBUt U^ukLIjr dHvlvvJ, Uic cvju jJdUuu of ibo ac«inibdn(' 




li](mibrtljjrJmm. Md*N. The firal iiuU. lut <if l\iv*t LO]t]]tnijnili rvrc fM' 
4bwJ ill ab[iu<tuiju(\ tZiu h.'i^juilit] imslluf 4afeuLLtVp miJ ilio iLir^J uiil 
fourth UJ %\ity mmaU 4iitiHiEEj- Thr> bttrnn Uku* pliu'it uvvu nt unljuury 
l(rjn|h>riitiiruB, bul Ituv ^uifbly. ,<aviirbl liiiji bvin^ n^^uiriHi [(i rrjinpliiUr it^ 
If an ftlAtbotid KliJliim nf amiD'njfa In a*c<J» thf* n'titm ii^ miiiplcili^ri jci a 
fvw hmin, ovpii at oidinbry iDriijfL-niturca.^if IIjc j»iii'ie of tnclJijI ia itj 

014*1 Viyl JUKI, hhirli iDav Ik? puriQi^Li Ipv vnwfiin^f wUli vtJ-l <A-tter« itiiJ 
pcorvtliillJiiUiun fnmi fknt wim 

liari. fliLl umiIIh, of diualiui; «liiuii««; «pD.ring1j lolaM* In cold, 

nun mJuhU ID bolJU|E valor, TJio tulitcUo it fi«iiitn). viA ^%m tai 

Utratnf J J ^trlt^^ toslc. Thi* HL'ryiiLnli aru uuu-rl^ jfi^rilnLilii in nTi'ihl»i^1t •[it'iUt 

^Juolutjc ID «iUvr, ijAriii^Ijr flulutilri id u alkiiliiip li4|uiJ, (Uij/intum J 



laii , r 



4» .- «4 

18 ^ • 

M „- f 

JW ^. IM 



lloAfiinn. 



AftOI 



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ii-tt ..., \7-\* 


IV II .> 


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IT'O 4tV 


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loc-i » ix'o; 

-™^-_ !» ^ yw 


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wo M-lfl 



»'9t 



i^'i]ffff.^F«fnMi bv iniiir- il]o«alirtlMi of lb* lijdfoaUH«l< 
fritb bii^blortilfl i^F |il*itiiQm. CrydTalliEi^i' in tt«U-dodaed octtihdinQih of 
lb iJco|>onktigB>yoUow coliHir. (Hofiimap-) 

^^ (OLVNa,Pic|i «fl'2 - mooo 

I WTiv* UtkiHlL II FiR-^iiBtlLkPili '^Lr |iiv|>ortkoii vtf I'khfiifiM b n»iut| iwdiniiiiiih, Jm 

fmanj^piiiw <kf « dnntBiy^uHiilim wMi'li Tativ plnrf lij 'b* *rtJ<iii nf lj"irLiig irdi«*» A 
lAvilliT iknnHd|ajiauiB bu b«ii obkdned tu lb« |iial1»uiii>i*ii« u' llm (ifJi^r ■it>44t4>ilbiD- 
!■«*■. ^Tliifui'tn.} 

kUlr, /*AdnH, r^lr. \HM, 23$; Jf. ^nn. Chi-m. I'hj^. H*,. 9«U; 
jW./**flnB.*0. M; J^iAniltn; l«A1, ^01; fAm ,S«, ©■, J. J, fl7. 

ThJa mmpnunil i* n-rrno<f W l1>if aKiinn nf imliiU Af mi^r^yl on ui(1* 
DimifJc ijf ]<»lamiim (ji 'iMiDJ. A >iii«IJ nlii^ft ntoVt-l Ao^k^ hnvtn^ a 
mpauily uf 2 i>f I tmur^ U ■'hjuT twolliirJ* A11t?il uilli b iiiiiTar'? 4jf 
lUttinioEiiil'] ot imttvihw (<ihi/i'nnflil hy j^uiling 5 purlt cif iTuil*^ Uirfar 
villi 4 of Hiitininiiir, itii^] roht.-kitiinf Hfp^rrunt of |>nL-uiiitiiiO au'I qiiiirEi 
■Bfltl. ilif- wnil Iwioi- uvl Lit HrluKihiib Uifl intvimiLy ^-f tlin nrtion. I'tirq 
bbbjJroba iuiliilo ijf nivlhvl 1^ iliati btmHurnl, IIl qijanlily ^ofllcMit Lu 
Dwtffli ibD uiUlpru, HEi^t^u|!un a viDlopt octiaji Vtket pluo, «td (Jui 




7^~- z-^ = rK^t = y=- st^ M.-sv 



_' ," h- 



.-V ..rf. -.1 _"7-iJr >\e. 'i ".'- r< . t i-iL t'j;- ISJJ, 



. ■_ .? ^ iif-ra": :*^-; ; r :_-r__ir^; ■"; ir:!n:*nLJ*rtf roinj^iUTn. 

■r r,--^ L :- -i -, 1 -'/ t^'Bv: =^ -:; tr^ irtv *U[(>.^ — 1. V*\n-a 
i.:tr->-i •'- -^ -' :- ' ^---.'t^-i^^i i* '::=:. lii-d »iib eirfs? if 

wc:^; ' i-ii>7 \zx^ ■*-"cr Ei' li-e <<;■ ^r ■ f -t-Vmetiiv], md mLet £[e 

jf^t-rt( i-j * *i-.i*' T'^'-^t- :- jh:.v »* liilltf in taller: lie stklnilfin ln^ a 

klk^lkr^e rff:a<- ::<.::- Tbe ^nari]!?- tf'iaiDfd ^-^s not ^uffiricnt f"f 

pt._-^. When V- aij'zrt.u: :,<]Li]y[i of ilio ii'didf IB f'ubjpcird ipib* 

Ifae ci«trkc canvDi. Jv-Jin? »dJ k ^miM quantilFof oiv^pd (Irniri 

J -- ^itMN of iTftterJ u? fCfuaiAi It Ibv p^siiiTe pak% Whi^c it tbt 



'."c:.-:^-: 1 -:tf r- -n 



_ 3 J 




sTifthiaTniULTN. 



nogat!Tc^ poK ibA liquid Wninun mi]kf.iirqiiircvii[ia1Ulin<] nflclion, imtt 

tljikiio ti|i wilfi rLlcFtitlii>[ic vululifjii Jii iorlimi. il Jriumiiiiu in mtuinA BUJ 

itilnncthjEiiiin, iilthaEiffh It ilifFnni li] i^bji-iciiJ (ihitmnUr ftom ihr^ pi-mliint 
iiLi»ip«i'lnj {).} (J.niMi). "It Piitflil ^bopB hitvD Hqii<^|l(«l if pmprf 
nt^jis libj beau taLud Ui ocutlcTieo jt.] 



r 



ac „ 


CUnJ^M. 


,«.,. 


f&-4e 


IBH 


11 

iw 




(CTPl'ai. 


I9i 


'*-— 


ino'iiu 



icrin^ fFam llio ioilidv uf uilvur, juiJ Dyn^ratiu^ tbo HltnLv In vacuo 
mu Mulphiui*: acid; 

PHU'iLioH *iiiL il^vtJfC'i ri4tJiTv in waI-t ar^kl aJ^uhhikl, km 1.1 in>ijiil>lii iq 
flhcr 111 ihp Uato uF n^iicoiti Kluhw, IE ii tlk^liily i^iEntltr, nnd FurniH 
whiHi fum^ wliDTt 1 hIdm rcnl, utDikt^nuJ wIlU byilfwlilurio rtf?lkl, in ^tt-W 



inmr it; W tUn mlirlirtn fhrn nvniH^mtml flvw Uip wnlor-bil-li /I<Mb tba 
ffldifrnl^ ht^Mti-iJ in a Toit'(ul>^ it bn^cn riff fnpniim wliii-Jj liiki* Gm uQ 



vomii^ 'i> ^>Dtu^( viEli f^iF iiir, ftnd dcpnali ici^inlJia HDLJmmijr; but vrLmn 

Tim ^ujiLmiu* juirulmii liii' nit iLlkulmn tnfln ilaJ uduur, «.ul1 (DaFAUtl/ 
tnmji rrdilt-rvxt lifmiifl pikppr b1»n In jill iu ch'^iiuim-l rl^lELl■4>lll•l ■I^xl^jtiitA 
iht «foi«t rucufbLuiieD ti' «ukttc jMitauli, ^Vlx^n i<vitp<mLtml in uu o^mi 
tpiici. it iiWrW <vU'U7ULD ftfidr btJ iLl'u cll'un'^mM »tii>DtfLy >vilij lU^nU' 
linl un llifl iiJUitiuij ut limu'^^ji.Lur, I'rirlxirLELlD uf luno i» yn^pitiiif^. tnd 
UiD ptim biiBii j' ngfiHU fnuiLd in tlm mJirtj'jii. Il ChiruU lUuinnntA (torn 
HumonJval uJf, vtm in the calij. 9itd H^jiimU-* lu7t» fitiiix jiididft <tf 
ImrioDi^ IjIiiio binJ uKido of Lnn'l nr« iimor-Liufbljr pncjpirjitofj liy ttift 
MflaljiA uf UiJ» bnjru, Witl> iLno-tnlLq it fi>rTi]4 a itbit^ pnsN|'it;Ltr, ijulubto 
in fkivM, nii}i iy>p|icr->u1l', b p*c?ipjf4ilid irMtluMf Jn f^nvu; wilL iner- 
i:urag«, njoroiific, iwd itUur jbiiIj, li ui»& i^n-' ••mc it*)lion« »■ ^-otaji; 
with flhioiido uf plnUniim, iT, hirta* ^ yi-llow u^-i-ij'iULlii. nvKrTiiMiiij; tlio 
diWoiilalniiito uf pMlDHiiim, — Tlip ;iqiiroiiA -E^iitiMii, hmW witli Dul|dtiir, 
fijTifiB ■ julJo** li-pjul, ^^\l^n^[^, wLt'Ti iiiiKOil with dihiW uniiK y'P^^t" "* ]"^ 
eipita(4 v( uuJjiEiur, mid ^ivov ^ilT mlpliurclted h^dri>>:i-ii. In >burL tbla 
Iwd J l^BTB vi r\nm IL fi'M'mldji M«' Ilk i-rtaah, m tn W ftuUr UhdiJitJii- 

EnUiabla Itnm It hy mpuly ijiisililulivo lt'*t*. it *■- rJcu hinil'i(i"ii» t-> tin 
yilmtfid ojiidra of U^UiitliyJiUJti* l^itfiijiLrUi^Iiuni. Ac- 

Witli Airidfl. Ok viLidif oi ttihwnlhv\htiu r<irniii btitli uoulifj and iWiid 
mIU, wliirfi, EH fkr u abtorviitinnri liJiv^* liUlioHn rita[i<l«i-l, duH-ly 
— .n- fj^ «orru>puudiii4f potuJi'ibitK. anJ vo ihtmnri^boiiJ tritli Ebf<(i^ 
Tkvjr »l] ta^ biUvr. Tli'y ari> furtuvd in «uiitc tiun ley tl^ivctt «>iii>iiiia. 
otlun by doablo diuvnvpniUaa* (Ludult,) 




ICRHTUSKl miUEr TDCLXL'^ C^W, 



>f Until of dUB^Ul 

iahto f i iw ul VWb UbtvL ii givH iff «kii« ri«H<«, vbU 
•ikv tm iiiifcaiiilr « tk« air- Dm »«« mmmt 1* naten viur 
■fuj^lMi II (IbNiH) 

ly ■■»■» n a% — k adi A w a | fc * HiMkd d" lb* oii4* or af i1iv wvIbI 

ttlluK with Aficbtlv in unll iih41h 

balB Bi^ «ka kaicul; imI <|d«b «ac png^bAi 
5to/>Uh tU^W^rvwivl, Ifk* w«Mnh.bJ.le nf potwiK, ^ 







I 



v4 « ■ >»lBr^ lam A* ■i f h j Jo id tbr f«>nn vf oii imiijluw 




II » a«s 
14 -, ;*) 



^ 100«) 



tpf twL BtftMDt Ikt aidfAite of Ji^ vMh Btnc K-< Af. 

Saf pMJ'- af laShmt/ik^Sam Tmtid in k tutw, Ant twIu. kiid (Mv dfn«- 
«f n ■ ' ' ' ' - ^ - . 



j*llii»ii 



iiin* 



pull^Wv of feD<l|Uvioj In ivjuiorl 




TW jtWikiaTJr vbkEiuu i;ir<v, witb mLrtK of 'ilrrt, ■ pPFr»|MUle vtikft b 
brttWD »l flrvt, 1'iiE«ri-frH«nl'- Eunip^ blb'k, pclior <^nK4 U \j jj_Jl^riJ-rr 
■M^ |«|l Jo(4 IHpI iIipWjUi- il- \V]it^> cfir "Kilj' imr^ucl if -liltKl H 
ttfd Ju jilkilQiLiD fill, ix nrfli iri^Qkm ft dttk ar«<ii CQlutr, wikft ^' 
tmt* "ti rualmi;; but i' tda bf^t l« fnrtW inciwtvJ, tW »AiMH> 
nu nhiLf p^fbtu* uiJ ikcu lake* Crh (LaiidolL) 

\ »4|u1>rtu of «iM(t i>f fliW«(hjlUivl bnIM vjih ttilfftv ftflAi «tt 

itUi pfit»tiM»LiijhiiBi may bt fa wa u L (IdadolL) 



9TiniiniTTui;iL 



-«9 



l^lij Dfliilnj; a lint •i^lucii'ii of ^ulubfLlu „t tilvur 1u miui-umi tuillJo uf 
•libiiiDEliyliajii u ^uiijif (u uny prwi^iuiLu uf ludiila nF ailmr i« funnrclF 
[In LtM'.M't r»lil iii'.kt^ptt nil itHiiki^lhyJtt^Mi {An", f^rtt. JIS, Hi). iJil* ijiclUuiJ ti. h»^ 
fi fidn] ili4;ac-icl lulpbiTc.i C>i> vvaiminl III;; tL4< filltnHl iLEmJiIuVflt llir WJtCvr- 
bulk Pul^urlii-M (.TjiliJii i»rn i^riTaJiK"!. whuli uijij^ Iw |'n**iO"l buLwauji 
|>iLjti-t Hii'l ilriml hi iWv Liiir. ^LVj>rri C^Vi^ i»i2. H)».)—'i, Hy ^nnmiNJikr ik 
cuu^ruuliuuij juliiLioL lit lliu iii^inj tJill A witii irjkiiiii of «h[<hiulljj^ljtiin, aiiJ 
mixinu 11i<i sijiiVJiia tuIifCL'-^u vriiti alroUu] ^lU oiliar. t)ia rtuuirui hU Lliuii 
■D^fjLTitEt" iu iMJy ilr^rn* wliirh afli-t iv wlii]i7 iMfLiirtit tiuJ »o|jJ f<mii. (Jiirj. 
ff'vt^-it, ^a, Jl^'.) — Thf< orystrkle, wliinli .i|i|xiif Ij> Im i'1i<tiiitii<s f^iitnin 
I y*^ ppi «uL \i5 At.} trjLlnr nf rryiulliJJ*l]j.nt wMoh llipj' ip™ nlT lit 
lOO^p r]iu^4hl cjvar fuliiltuno a<<ld, tifoy km (juvl uf (bi-Lr wiiicr, hqJ fkll 
Bo ■ wUitH (H>wc|i»f,— Tliff ct^^lalu Ji^tulvh vnry tffiHlUy in wutcr ; tUa 
■nhjrdrLJijii siU U>c4>i]L(?*etroni^1r liutloJ nliim waU'r u pdir^ upun il, 
Ttir Hilt I'l q!"" 4I>Iu1jId in iilniiliol, hut idnoliililfi ih qthpr. Ilji UiiUi JH 
skliuc anil Mticr. (Lnmlc^U,) 

Wlicu iIluhuU 11 hcHkicil above 100 to mUotUa uf i juo bntli) itbcgiai 
tif ctiicirmiiodi^ >4|i>wly ql 12^' Lif Jill>\ iimiltiii^^ jm wtuii' jf »libiiivilivl < itt 
ly* It mi'lu. nml ni I'Mt fWtih^i* &»nitli'ti' ili'ELni]L]>rihi(imi, vUniid-'J wilL 
Vrafuljoo of ii,^lit unit hir-il. l^y li>tij£ LUpnAiirv (j> i;. Li>m[irr;iEun] <*£ lUU" 



^ ^hWF QVt* 




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l-ITlLUtU, 


flBC . , tB .. 


VO'Ti 




9C .... *# IT 01 




IKU,^ l:£ ... 


&«fv 




IV a . It .. 4-u 




■b „ - IZV .., 


M-4H 




frb ,^., wu -^ oTa 




ti.. ... « , 


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S<J* .,-, rt „. 


IB'MI , 


^ 14'H 




... ivu 



CCU'j'Hb^O'ia; ,„. loo'uu 



*^jui— ^* - i^oi'o 



M«^i 



1 AL rtU d viiHol tii hii ipiucuuh vuliiiiun vr 1 Al. ot thi> nouinil r^ulpbnto. 
Afti^r mvffral miUtliiatii'njr, tHNviiliftili hanU iTimyamui *ifyw\ailik un 
oMuAfil, •nmr <>t hliji'li am rkjnr-viied EAbltita wilh oUlLH|ue[v [fuiii:ui«d 
eilgct. DiMftiviiii very ri.wlily in wuwr^ l*w u**n^ iti ulci-lul, n-nil ii 

(uU ID lb« maiitb, U'b'^Ei lintl^lp ■[ itlm^'vu vinfitly liLn tbi' iiMJlml 
huEpliqtiL Oo ilL»4iUiii>: ii ill n tiituJl ^umility i>f wtttr^ tlicn wi^iin^ 
akebul, pn«il|iiliLt]ri; ty viiivi., nwl ri'iHiihtJ^ tbv>c i>pcriilLi»nt aov^LTnl 
tinVp ilio ni>i*invk euijrliati.* ir At li'u^tii ipbLitiiKji. Iu [lji« nvprct tLu mvi^ 
«btt bchnvoif cxui^tly lik«j blkulpLnto uf initiwlih (lAmlull) 

^^^■_ ah — rsv - «vn 

^^B 10^^...^,, -, la t-w 



4-43 



ti-oa 



l^«')^)ascH ud ,.. iw« 

The iibU tQDtalnn na vrator of erjrvtnllivtif-ti, 
bjdnj[OB), Vikt Ib^ uf ncid lulpbutQ uf potiMli, 



Tim htfii wakT [ar 

i« nut drvvu olT Bt 








■Mk Ul U vnm man huIHc-OI 
llrk Kill, M ipM M^ «f ^^ 

deBDifiHi iL vttb lOTMi-j« «f cUdridit fif «libsAKliirliMii.<-A«i 
•Dtltfm of \aiiAm vt tGhmtthylian pfahJ m|uB ■■•iJrtB «| hJ 
ptwlboa • iDMiaviua o# liltls «t|iAHHivu^ Hn^iwiknT bj jppa o— 
aT in^ nMallie utinnoT Wii^jC i1k> •tfl«ff*l«4."*Tli* ivjido daiJlU 

*bl4!fa U |Vottth]j MibinMbyliqni fjL ^in). Tlio ■pj^nw mIq|^ 
•bI*« * Bdruilil«t4b1e c|u«iitjtr af iTio ^llov int>IJBdUlHi «f m 
indidtL Thi ml iiAidi\ Eiuiloa in iho tulaiian. djjbntfo* into iW 
Miidifintifiii bnfnrv it <tiim]rH; ui^I^ u Lhir liiiaHl m*^ ■ 

madia Aliuu. (LuiiEoll.) 




VTJDMSTHYLIUU. 



527 



br liHpbr. ind ■■ pvnlj 4va bf th* nmr wblDli <t4rAji ur'dH U |>k«]- 
iinuf vrf ii^i: miDpoutkiU wtib nUmif aT ktlrcr, (L«n4ali.) 

tg. M^SLBr, — OLitJkjTK'iJ by Hopiini|ioijiii» JodrrJo of ulit- 
millirlitifn vWi tmmiJc of moroufy On dliurint; fruai tlio iudidu v£ 
mnrourj- nod crttpOHliniT, ii luautifal HvM i* uUit'iutvl, njluUg id alj^ohol 
njtil i^Aler» but miuluUu m ntlior, HncI bivJrig mullfiv biLlur (JuUt^^Tkiii 
HmjpoDnJ. ^bnu lioiUnl in tbu air, ikttjlTVN niliUi* vjiprjttrii. ivlirdi Uliv Uro 
10 tnn lir, Oil nf vitrin] ponpnil upnn tL lilipmlon bjilrrf^jroiiiin tif'n]', nitria 
ncid •opu'i»].-4 liri4>ijirio. "^Vitb iiiL^ullic mII*, Itrorniilo of Mibm?(EiyLiuii 
bi!Wc4 in til? iSLiiL^ muuDur u btoDLJiIi^ uf poEjx&jiiLUi. (Lbudotl,) 
^b UmddJl, 

K Hc ^_.»^„ 40 ^ l^fi4 ^.„ ifl'sa 

^V 111! .....^....^....^.,..^ 12 ..„ vtt i'tta 

^m 9b — „„ — ^ lis .... *r-U8 - 4^0? 

^B Br _.,„. , ^ ., BO ,.,. »-4 fi-il> 

^M {i?H'}'&hGt .,... .,„ 2^9 ,... IW'OO DUUU 

^P C/Uofide. HafibiCL^OltUifiiiit hy oibting » lurt t*rJutiim uf oomviim 
tublitiiiito In lU^upOD* inJidd i>f Klibnh'lhvLiiiiK, ita lonjf u h preoipiUEO of 
inljilp .>r mffrourr If f^rcKbi^il^ 'J'hi^ lllicrt.] tiiiimJ oTvpurticd op^r tbo 
vMvr-bfltb rlaiHurit iha chlui'lJo In wlnii^ itJL-iJiJcQ Eablcii tLinilfcr la llwia 
of ibfr fijitjdo. '['biivij rrj^HUia iirt^ hldI^ «i>liibto in wutpr odd ftloc^l, 
firarly iiifoCuttld m ctluT, llimr LmLn la mlLieiu ueiJ brllsr^ Tbu unit 
iuliimcH^:' vlinn iicvLEiKt ill 4 iil1ji\ Aiid nt 1 I'l^bur trrnficmtuiv trnutuhlljr 
duappfam, S^'^^H "tV vinto fiimv?^ nhicth inka Drr ■pnittAn'^oiitty in tba 

fcvido uf dEiLiiriLinr. (LiuiiIijU.) 

fC _., ,„ , ffD _ fllSft 

iau...,_»p, — ,. i»o ,.> t^3i 

Sb , 1?U'0 „ Sf'4* 



((.'<n«;-«t>ci .,.-^1 aat'i 



I001>» 



JTtfnxfc. M-i^1jr>,N"0'=M<'*Sb.yO\^FomiKl bv nJliLiiif irlntu of 

IItvt (a nn ur^nnpiDH nobiiioii uf i\H\i-\i- of "Libm^thjltuni n* ]'>iijE im 

PHiJ pr^lplUkte i« fikfincd, tbiMi AJtorinf nnd vrnpontlng t[)\ tlii? filt 

flfyilulIui.'^Tljr dr^ul* Sfs uubv Jnut, rbcif furin ftMd n^L bo firictly 

l|l>|(.TUlUlUl1 , bill rtluiri U i!f(]|l I'ltllLf UiLLIUUII,! nobltl"!! wu> all'^vi^J tu 
cr^njir'niEo i>n jl i^ln'ri iibln jjIiiiu'J vnAi'^r lln^ luii^roriDE^jtr, iujhfhuI^' mdJudHl 
fomiM q-i-r<r ub^pr^iMi Itl:^ tiinu* of nilnlt^t nf iioIjuIih— Tbo talt cliviilrtv 
rtodiJylD wfLlor^ ifo^rly io iJcuhol or ctlirf. lu UkJto li bank «iiH biiMr, 
nut ouuKfjff EILti (but uf iiiiru. Wbon UhLvJ it ei^cu vff wUJie fumci. 
wliLi:li iimitinlinf^lv inV" tirtt; llii< t:iiti» pium tbi^u L)X|j]iMna wilb ii U^V^ 
irbiiu llruiir, jqil, hki jl titixttirn i'f luira u&d ohurcckitl. Tbii taH 14 vury 
tlbbhi, aot Hving dwolD|iDKKl «raLI bj boJIiaf wilb «tfon;{ •ulpbiii'in 
Mid, (Lftudoll,) 



■ c 4H .-, lOlA 

IBM I? r;« 

itty M .. »i'Ai 



I^Rdolf, 



.^.^ «'« 



(V»Hj<Sb,KQ* 



XAl 



IM-flO 



METHYLENE: PUlfART NUCLRUS Ca», 



wati^r. On <>riuliiij:f) tIip 'luit^^lv aaU ■c|'Ut«I^b in Himll orjviu. itUa bij 
Lii ilri<iillH?LWL'(<n ]jiiiK'r TIji^ vlL fufiiii ubi-nulLfaluniiiv? pMtwymd*; 
IE iv t^Lfi Ej^rU'f hiluliEi: ipf Jiil t\ii' krKrvTTt rrJT^^^rll]L(]1 f»f kli1riao|&)4vai vitt 
r«j]0ct t« pnluViEitv it] i^aiufn it i> im»tmrJuiu WtMotD ilid nrflKf 
jnuuuiiiin nnil i4>ifium ■^iiif<-^un<If,^ i( i]ii|iun' i yulJ^^ir tf*l«irl» 

I qulCu tnaolulil^ in k1«uliril 4jitl rlUT^ vixy dtfHfiiJl uf nlulHn iaaJlHli^ 
l>Ut UiHulvri luuiv cfuily io li^ilr-jjlilork lUijJ^ Wbfin hr4tf«l, h IW 

ljJA4!k, uud •uiiu lak«i Art. Eouvjn^ nn klby ^ yUliuLiiu lu^ aairtiMj 
futnH intn jclLilfulu, from wLitfb llm iktl^r DWw i# but imp^^jftcLlj mUtM 
by boklinjC Ilk aqun-rp^n. (t-AnilolL-) 

■ C 4a-0 ». IM» 

isn iHt p„ a-M 

iiMi » U'n 



Ccni')<A]Ci,FtCf 



., ZOI-S 



lOO-H 



r. TitKJtKKn. ^i'i. S^rmoiri tikdcn pa^ HO. 

TliDr* <ii>inp(]iiDil4 UFO rnrinpfl hj llip bPtinn of iibloriJo nf mclhjl 
lilioHpbi^lo nf nioiiihi at n bigh lainporaliin]. 



9 AbtinuiJ nrtiin of byiEr(K;lil4>ric af\'\ £»» in rrMilvnl irila b*|ibB«|4» 



i;i|ir>1^ntKhyl «] 
L rrkfilvnl i 

TIjt former u * yvllo v^ iitfii> 



ttirtbyl miJ |i]kE><i|tbu(niricii-liiEhmiT]0 
iniHliirikiiM, niiil ta»ioL?^ ho^y. 

h. rho>j>hi^imtlhtft. C'H'PssM.i'P.— CnlmuIcM, Iiu>pwi*t1 Ikrit 
irimUiMn in uiiJor* jtiiH Imvin^ pik ntrfmoly fOpuUn odun^ Bw li 

•rjjj, ponnnitcuL, cryiiiitlLuUi^ FutinHHUiiil, wbich, jiy (hi- Airdhc* mimi 
PbT LliQ gUp i> ri*iivi^rU:i] juich a fi4|iii(], lUriiL K-v itvniiiininc fUbHifc— ^ mJ 
'lA uIlUnLilirlv I'l'^i-Evtil irii'i lii]»b4tKi|»b4tn)plbvl ina irh r f f Ei '^TrirrtnlhTUi^r 
Tlii^ rr]TirAUi]:r<i1 hy^E^Kblnmi^ ^IlHclro* iFilboal utoiitlLua In ■ iMr il t : 
(iiir Ml.' ■iiEnlkiT) wlioa lifAtv^ i> ouii>crliMT. by tliK'^iniimilutt of ■*!**- 

ill'" 'Ill, wLiolj jv jlTau furuiuU by iii.EilLiij>ii of I'boHbhdttUMlh^* 

bftiiuc 

pu, ulkloti urittM vjth liyrtruFliEuric viU tula « aotiii ovttfovid- l;f 
roiibipt tvilh viEpr, Eliiv ornEpciEinil u Jatbtitly riwDJr#d rolo hyilifUhlM 
•f !■! and f'UTciiu pE;c«pE]Dm(<ibT[jLiii[nn, Witb 4ii f«|iiftE v^omeof fi»|M 

tbiA nibjii^vnra r>mi« 4 Tcry luiiL lnjutJ. 

d, /'A.i7'A<.^'.'n«rA^^«>'ii4. CIITssJUf^P, — Mobile 1^^^ vUifc 
lb«t 4D . ut1i;E»i(< wry nmbg tjBiir |prti|vni«^ muI b c<nfMt*J br 

3B IDla »ll WJlL 



Tbfl nuDBfl uid fonnnlEe aboTe given to tbe^o compoDndfl are taken 
from Lbwig's Qrundriu drr or^. Chtmit, S. 37A. Paol Th^nardj howBrer, 




compoiind d= PH'^^CPft', Similarly, tho compouod r might ba regarded as 
PH",C*H'- 

iHo datailad account of th»e TompouadjS has jet been pnbliahed. 



1 ZincmethyL CH"Zn. 

ForaiHd by the action of line on iodide of mfllli}'!. Whep iodide of 
melhjL i« heated Aitfa eiceas of gmnnlated nno Id a sealod tDbe^ a w]ii(« 
cryBtalline BubBtsDce ia fornted, which, when diititled in an atmosphere of 
bjdropiTi, yie^dfl Binc-methyl in the form of acolonrLcas, peDncid liiiaid, 
having a peculiarly penetrating and naiiBeoua odonr, TLta liquid t&hes 
file Hpontaaeouslj on comin;; in contaot with air or oivgen, hurtiiD|( with 
a brilliiLDt ^^reeniBh bine 6ame, and forming denee white ctouda of oiidn 
of line. 1l« vapoor. mixed with a l&rge eiceau of methjl and laarab-eu^ 
burna with tbeohaiacteriaticblao flamei, dcpuflitiag upon cold Burfacea Held 
vithin itf a black crust of metallic linc burruunoed hj a ring of oiidA. 
ThJa deposit is easily diBtingnidhad from arsenLO by di^eol^ing with 
firolalioD of hydrogen in dilute hydmcbloric acid, and forming a Bolution 
which gives no precipLlate with eulphurettad hydru^n. The vapour of 
xinc-mothyl is highly puiiKinona, {>roducing ahartlj aft^r inhalation all the 
flymptoniB of poiaoning by line- It decompnaeB waUjr aa rapidly a^ 
potaasium, the aniall tube oontaininc a Few drops of the liquid becoming 
nd'hot nnder water; the prodncta of the dacompoBi^OD are 1 A t, oiido of 
nnc and 1 At. manh-gaa; thus: 

CH'Zd + HO .- ZnO + <^H\ 



Calrmialioa, 
2 C 


atan-ditjf lo Pyomilmd. 


5 a 




Zn 


.... saa 68- 




CH'Zn 


47<2 LOO on 



Zinc-inetbyl appears t« bo a radical capable of uniting with oxygni 
chloriae, &o. (Franktand.) Y 



m 



METIITLEJIB : aSOONBitT HCCUlU OTU. 



8, 8u<ii>'iumT Seuol 




0. Standard ^9dem$. 
TerKulpludi: of UctfayL CH-S^ = (7KS,H>5*1 
CiBoru (M«^. ^'. Ahh. CSuft. /^, It, SC9| mUu. C^iy'' n^- 

A iiili1iirv<^f niilj'liiiiiLvillivlnrpaf linif-knil pinwulf hipl? of 
AD Ambor-colouKil tlititlLiUH wluiib ii but klifhily all«evd bj t^a^' 

IC -..^ U .- lf-» 

aH „ 3 .«. 4-J* 

as ^-„ «« ™ »■» 

CUV- ..„. U -, 



Snlphoform. C^H9=OHs,&t 

BiiiKOunh^T (IH3T). /. /-Aanik. SJ3. U; iil» ^nn. /^Um. M, 

A tolilun of I pt. loJufnnji^ Clll', u^l 9 |pla, ctitaiifatf, ii bMIj 

tJiVBlsd ill 4 ■iiiuil retort, anil tlio dnj TcmoT*d M awb u Llrt utkaCinB 

loilijfi of nttrcurv lUvin diaUU uver, KWuiiabiaLl by imdrmaifvnJ Md» 

loiJofvTili iliK'ilh; Jt ap[■n»^ hH>iTi<>'rr,*l']] U>Oi*'kEAiii ioitTaD''^(£Bl|llBfa9 
In nut L^IrcuLn'*] hy bttlUna nJt'nhoJtr |iniJMli ^jtb ■u]|iliiir. ar bj aBliEC 



i1 puLk^LUlU } 
uil oi vilnnl. tfuBial|4«iV 
iirfhiiikitip (ofto. 
It StgnJonlly Jo'^imtitrMPfT hy oil o( vimol WJih»qwiif aKiIbb 
yinliU u iucEaIUc lulpbLao ind «n iitkilInD fbroiJUc- Mwilt* 1H17 
tjMuiiigly 111 hniiiir, Ui wbluti it Snx|ipjU its tula. Sulablo m alrtW w 
OlUw- (BLiiialiJinhit,) 



nitrMPfl hf 
lalpbLJf 







,Atu Ann. Chim. /"Ayt. 30. H^; oJio&itnr- S\ 4fi>. — 4kft.l3U»^ 
rjUHAftr h fAliUM. J7nt^. ^lurn, H, SI). 



loooroiu. 



331 






SoAKtit, AfiJ^ Pf^U^ 2Q. M: ctljo S'rAip, «, OH*. 

BuutuAhPAT. J- Harm. «>. I; ■1m ^"^ fham, t2, 3*3.— J. J. 

_vik»«iP(UMiHli«J \ty Duitia« b IhS*. 

P /Vmu/vflL I. [b/ iLfft noCiou nf io-llim n»d uul'ia ar c«rbonU4d 
pul^uf] tir (uiEu QLi aiui-r>u« ul?otiul« ftquc<oii4 f^tbi^r (i^trulliiii), i>r :i£iitale of 
tlhjl (Bcmcl(irJat); iJw liy (lui auUvn uriuJlno sod ■mnrnn-n (moJivibuJ, 
(In^Ui,) Ibt rurmjLlicrn frum ninaliDl will do fjlLy coutiiloKil mr"iimwrinii 
W>ll» it^ niH^|ni,r4[irtn {iW. if^f!) — ^f. Rj? ill" drlMii *A iuiiriD uiJ carlxinUjLo 
of jttUn^ oi> iIiIjiM woo<l4|'LVJt, (Ijof^irt, Cvmpt. nnd'jiikf S^D.) raTUBpi 

9. Alio, ilii?Ligh Lit email <|iiaDtli^, 1*}' tbo action. ■iflttoJ h/hni, vf I pU 
icpjiijo LLiiJ I ^L. LioarbuuiUu *tt [iuUl^Ii ^Iml'Ivi-iI iu 3 |i(i4 waurr, oa aianLi 
i|iiiinlLtiiin ■>/ )^i|fD "U^iir. riiiEiTtiuri »u^Lr, ituik-vtir^nr. (,''■"'■ JuxUiQ, of nf 
fth'Dinin, flljrlii,rii»*nn, kguirihi, or ^[nCiii (MilW, ('-^pt.Teini.'il, MjtK; 
alio J j>r Vhrm 37, 13.) loiiftform ii uoi pni'liirrd fnnu ^Kntrnin 
{Ifunclibnlaljj tolnLJlo oils or mini (Miltuut* ^r kmyi^dalm [LcfiiTtr.^' 
4- Wlirii M «lio»ni ufemLl-uu^ \e (itiAUiL uluwlvunil Tur ll L^iitiaHlurvMo ticno 
qvLir iiMtiur*, iiiilipforui re iiiti^lun^], iK^DEhut v\i\\ utbur ■ul^ltLtm'4 ; \\io 
todoFnrm* t^jjf i:(1ioT vrlh Ffkmi]it/a iitrnpaitnd, C'll'l*. niAy bn iliHwtWiMlitaE 
by Alcx'bcJ. nit<tprpriML-kiJ3ii by n^noant potub, (JolnutoUp /Vii^. ,Vi4;;, J. 
V^t I j iJ**>'/. /JJ^ Chetn, 31, Li J j— ^. SinHJ] 4|iih)iiriiDt 'tf i4^tirL>nak ar4 

Ebftton) Ij«i|«l( to ruGiL.'M lii 11 ^lua or poTcnt&m (ubo. (IkriiUiu) 

J'rfpai'iition. Tbo jiruJoolli'ti or imjufuriu Tntiii hIi-uIu'I, luJiifO, luij 
polbli fat tirtLiit, ni^iiim 4 jpIa. iEsEiiitr ta 1 rt- ul'''lj4>L 'L'li" hi'Liuei i« 
MlsiiJpi wilfijfroal uvuFutiM n haiit» ami Tbrrc urn Wmi'il, (o^^niI^it wiOi 
Iho indofbnn, iiHLiih^DrpAtuiIani,M<*Ui« fif clli;'J,nnit fijnoiiif) ^'fpfit^'b. 
la «Dinv FnrniA «F tbv i^rMMt. a ■rikuLl 'luaultEy tt \iA%le oi pol^L 11 II1l«> 
nlfl? fproiCm^i^b Wttrik ij^plifio 4Ei<l|io(iirb]iruuib1t^iLiii HLlvrnnto<|LibDtlL!a< 
|u Jilulc ■Fi.y:iLi4>L, ^rucb imi'eLwiLVd [lurlrnii tpf iuiliim brifi^ pibltifU'tLt In turn 
tbff uiitaTu bfckV^u. ;inf] imcLi pnrEion of jH>lli>b ■nfiifiE't^t to ']pcnb>rii4 i< 
■pdn. iodnforiD jji pfoil^iriHl irilbi>ij| liinbvr bpitiiiK (Tfi^^llifr with 
V«tiUd of 4ttiyl, ioJliiC nf piiEnjwliiin* dEnUraL-w ti( \v\\itie ui [iMt^inh^i Dal 
If tbo tuoojfniro qitiintLl^uii of polU'ih fhlilwl afu not 4|itLt<h auCficiL'nl in 
io&lt*>y tho bpi'vn truluiir, to that UiA inrljEin aXwiiyn mnnhi* la cxcwl 
ftMAED t,t cibyl ii i>rf-duruJt bbl no iiktLjpf'irti^, iin^UM tbo mittiin I9' 
bcAlcl to U>l^. (BLi|iQbArdhL)-'Bnnntki\n1nt ptipjiftfn thxL LiOPlii? «Uior ll 
olimyii pn>ilin^'Hl in lljo firni iuniAoiy, [iiiil iiftormir'lo oonvcrtoJ IdIo 
joilouiriii, a^ iw^vmlmE iv Lit e]i|itihniriili» nrvtit oLbE*r yk*t^1« nwra iudo- 
form With |44^hL«li fii*r| ^oilJnv tliBfi tUcabol-— *h !■ morr prohnblv, bc'roror, 
tliHt twt> iliUunst dncuinputitiuu of Uio oloi^bul (Ea mt nl Llio suae liouk 



lU til 



333 



llEtllVLEXE; 4Pj:0XniHT NUCLHlTa CTH. 



lLp?n4 viitMlnj; icJofumi un\ inimikU'^'t jnHtth, Llv otk^t pr*6unf 
fM |'l(u«p> in vtaLcU hy Lifitti^ (t'Aioi^ Ofy.) in Ui9 uivioer rt-pvAaM 

['ifu* * tti » oKO * CHI* *hfa * (mKo> * iiicx 

LoBVidiiijf In llii* ovjuH-Li'hiiT \,lHirt pifr. (N Af..)ini1ini ji"M :'f>l I>U-(I At) 
'l«fnfnrm=IO<i iiH ;:" — In-tfUL-l «f thl» 3« nrrfficiit , iiowi-itfr. U4«fW 
fmulnfl Lt odJv 1 9 pi^T crnt , bccnuic ;Arl of lLi« aln^ol ^ A«rtrU^I>f 
tbo 4liiflr muijc uf a«pji]]|>uiiiiiHjii, idIu uvtic uthrr, u f^JJuin: 

2t-*a"lfi . <t V iKO » (Til-Oi . 4KI * lltOi 

qujiririiy uf IciLUtfittiii iiljliuiinil y.irUv lu'i^onliiifly h ih« 

litinu. TJie fnrirnfUn tf loHorcrm nppctri to b* vtpccUli^ Lv^tfvJ 
heal, tiv & compariLLLvely luiall (juiujitry uf a1co1:i«L «iiit *& Vkcm li 

ii|)uii hy P At, imiliii- ^ikil H .\l |iutiu<li ; in tliP wi<uiii|, t»y cnly 4 AtiadjH 
nnd 4 At. |H*iiikh, Wfii^n the p^iuli i*m nciOH. it' rr^Ji«p*«rm: iJbilt 
fArfurmii^MidrzLvniji'iillir |)rn4^lf1tia^ nt rbilf^'^nkpoiiiid, Itiii if lh« |«Ih1 
an'] li>Jr(k<r arxt in luo^nMCvu-ovi^ n \arxf purtiuii uf l^c jivdioc u »Ofi«M 
liJlo iuiliJii uf |ri>liiJBtLiiri nnd iudhLi.* i>f ^Kitn'li, uiJ UiBnbv naAmd 
biiiLvri.i[jihrn far tlin n»j>aratLuu of iojufurui Thii Ina mij h arcU^ 
■* flnt pf>ih1«d mil hy MnhriAnn Pha'm \^. \^). \iy min' -"i' -.-tm^ 
f^r »dii) in tliQ furm <-i oarbnnAif*, inA-njui-li v «i|iifii»i' '^. 

bnuaUv cin m^t yH'i loilalu whou ifuaIi'<I wIlL Judinu <'ir um nirtit- 
Mnfiu uTv futiuiT^l rTit iii{tpc frcmit im^lhci'J* uf prf|Tirtiijf iotlfiom. ff 
thu JDjiitd liE« ki'i^l ran'tiinlly in ixoi", u tt'ni|H-nifitre vf dO' ic B««arf. 
ujairiSiTp;; In 11oiirlianJal» U, ilm fjirtmitjou uf in^Wtimi^ flipb itLm •■ 

if pmlnn^iL I'iihkT ut ilh cU^vninl ir^Tj^'mtmc ur >n tliu c»M. il the faodB* 
ti only in %l\^\\\ i^trvu] but wtUi u jiT^Ai ciivi* vf it.JIar, Po iQjic4*n» i* 
Diibiinvd, tvijij elk iLiu npjj]jrali(]|i uf lint, Ju m\y obi<^ lioatrtr. if Ar 
ri/hl prnjtnrli"ii Inttdvi) liif inntnritkl* bfi|irpi«*rTHi, l]ir ijuwl^lyafic^^ 
frtriii nktrjirqt'il in iunt^»k|il ifipi.'ii»i.'<|liy i-loviLiinii^f i^n>|iniqE«ff< TiwaJ^, 
Ijicvs andvr ibc ir)"it fuvunnLilr vtri-iiiiitiAncFt. Vtt, wW ilnvspiilllM 
pTK# wl^^kltyntcuMiUtf tv llidCrtl murlc. only vtaVi ofMiMMi 
f)f H np^ ni^ttmny unLihlnA-nl in \\\n |iiLi.iurLiob of iirflufunq, U** n i—' j iif 
J boifi|; iTintP>ri'«l into irHJinln ihf ]>L>tnjki>iiiiiLt tlin prn<liii4, ■* ALavm hf 
TiIIioIh vlll t>c gmil; Inorrn^c^l. \i litoir .'> Ai lodioc Iviy^b m/hv^ 
linj; f1J<)riua (tirougli tbt liuujJ (crJ, ih/^) 
OihrHF lliiitr^u of tliif fpnhJuetiuti cjf iutl<iri>nn iMte b«t« fltM ^ 

L i^jiliDr ■Dil pululi or hJi are iiu<dc lo Ht on i^nnti akobfli^ ■*! 



liho nauUip^ luilufonn u H)>iLr>Lc^l ea\\itt by cvoponlkBg 4« 
W prR-ij^iiai'm^ vr'iilj wnItT-— <t- A »ci]ijtiu(i nf |iuiiuh iu tlesli*! «f SS' 
Fm ii Q'Mnl Lo b vijIiLliun nf iiHliUft iu hIiviIidI of 35* Bn. lill ibt lionl 
Tt JvruluFtiFC']; the iHlreTf^ I* ilicii iljluicvl viih a liillB «(««; tkf mi» 
«r iliB ilIwIiiJ -Ifimti ud' by fcnila ]ir«kL; And ih« rv^iUl* wh^ 



<Ti4>l uu n Glt^r nnd Jrii'iL (SnruIIiu.)— (^ Ta a ojIuUuji of HiaA ii 

iLinll iimuiL^ty ^ iknlalfc pillift^ 



I 
I 



1 



iob it u'tod, Inking 



■ I 



tODOTORU, 



333 



or hy ndliHolrinir It In nJcnlmL ('I'ruliiti,} -f 1 pi. «t jvdfiio It bc4tpt1 

WjIL ! |>1>. liyJnlD iit potatli anJ ■ uilhLI tpiofirit^ cif waur ^ a wftrm 

hEiliilioti n' 1 |rl- iiHiiiiii III H pif- u!fvJii»1 n( iitt Brti , wIJocI tn jiieue'umivu 

prrtiniiM; itiii] Uiii lii^tjiil Ijllcrrcl. On rrH)liEij{^nr» if ■(ln>nj; niaalicb] «hh 

r»n]p n Miinll '|Eini>tirv "^ vmtnr Iifm hixn iy'p'\, *fn 'HliilEnn vrilh mttnr,— 

Ofy*iB<li flro dc]HOitif-l. Tbi< i^iDlHik of icdiDo^ pcUkih« frod a)oL>hnl imtr 

»]*» Ihj ilLaiiJlL'it, iiilJ iktb it'L'flivti' rLiLii)(in| ba nmu \ut i\iis iLijiiiU. |iAH«t 

[»»iir n"]i»iti<*nj» , fnnu tlii* UeaLiIUIu. iIh^ tihlufumi Hiipnmtc)^ mi CHruIln^, ia 

ri htPkTn dJ ^ruai |inrUy. (tVrmri Ji FruLnnJ-) — To itn nlitJiliEilliT noliiCiaii at 

itpjiiii^. poL.iili it. bliLnl tiM ilir r^]r>iir i* <^cArnywt; tlif lif|iii<l ilr-E^vili^i] 

Irem ihc inriivt*' nf poUfh wljtrli "pHIm nt llio Wtlvmi; llto niooltnl romflfM 

by iliililliitliPEi- auif tlio rvniAliLTii;; IL^jul*! K<ft Lu i^duJ^ xvlicrviifirkiL llio ii>d'j- 

fffrpii 0ry>lul]iiiiN iiitl. IT^iiuIilii ) — [rnJim^ mhI aimjim>iiv imtti'li^^iiliflioii u^d 

bUod bJtflnmd'lyp in miiiiJI ■|uikiirJl.lv-» wu] wnU amniiMi. ii^icaiitiir. lo 

dilute tio^httl—pacU portLnn cf tnHirLii bcitijf JinlTifiriil to rwLnLir Lhn ]ii[itid« 

Mid evb porlinn nf |iola'^i «iil1irirnl En drtonlnrLin it— till I pi,, nf tiLriiKnl 

liM Uken ij|> H pt". nf i»<lii]o. Tlic iiiixLiirv, tfJiicli U-rHinics limrt^j 'Inrlne 

l|iu uptmLluij. d«]io«i(«, nu ewilm;;. ific ^lirilo i^f th^i inJiTlvmi, ■FiioiiTttiiLi; 

fa 10 9.( pur CL-nt nf iliu iuJiun ilm'iI ( tli*Ei4:|iii<rJa| )— /. LO ptj^ Niitiui^ 

irj hydmLi' i»f jKitHBlt at ■vda, £5 ikkohul, Hiii TA wilnf. iiilt4>(l at tti4 ItiO' 

iif>^JiiFr t»f itii Hif, ilii]]4>ajt crj-ritnU uf JnclitEn of jH^rvh nr aiicla, whiuli, 

br.ffuvw, JMiiH'iliniuiy ■l4'4pj)n]ir nn thn .ippli<Miiinn i>f lit^iit, witk Inrmji^ 

tnni af « tfuoo v( ^inlofuFiii, If tlm k<j<liuc, nli^nLnl, eiiiiI viUf^r tw llriC 

L«al(yl tu QHt". uuil tJK'Ei t[i<r l>yJri»1c uf U'lUili mlUi-J^ n'lirTu ■ml rulbw 

BRilu aro pEurluA^, iIlu IvruiiT lltuu JiApjKar, ikn^ ftiriii lOU pta. of 

iniliuf, ti r>r lU pU- uf pulvnftLlniit iniEufonii Jir^ nTibkiiiiHL^ nf adirtyyollmr 

AiUur, (Cliuyr) — f. Whttij a rtiiitiirn «f ^f> pU. i'lJmv. 2A iLlnnLnL onJ 

7S vafT, It W&Lwl to CV, nn<l amiiinuiit tb^ii Ajy'^-I till the hi^Liid 

Idfoum iltcciJorlud, $-i ^u. of loriofoi'm uo ubtatiif J fvr 4V4ry lOu pu. 

Iff ioJine. (Clnry-) — A- SemlEMi iu tiia Uot ffipurimvBlji» tliquEhl tbal ii 

wbH iinrnduy lu iu« pilaMtEun ot ilo uiUriiiciEiitlci nf [tnUtimum i^r ■nJinm. 

lii4Eiml nf fii>lEfli^ liiLt llin*^ qlkull-niital* itr*? in Fjirl iinn vp-TlC'^ vKTj 

avolodnn a' hyilmp^ii^ jitCn nIttJiliN n-HiJ «rt dnly in tlml 4taL4, J^ruIlM 

hitndHvd cae «t Idhf nutaK by fiunlL adro(u\«c porLiuut, lidi iu tucb 

qwialitr 09 nul to projuu* ^luiuprrtu tlDDo)unkLii>ri. ialo ii Fkliira.Edi] jnfq. 

Inn ttf UjJbt JTi liLcnbni u( HG' Um.; prduipiiuLi<d tliu imlofurni 1>y Hiliili<ui 

Willi wutrf, iuilI purifnul it hy nuliitibh in uliiiJin] urtd nryUJlintiirn, 

3 J^yilnilfiL iLlmltnl n iirEpd nimii hy inLjj^n anii niDHnofLrlxjiiiitd fif 
binrlfuDAlc ot poinki, tadu, or AmtnoDiB, — n, TJie Inl prvpurlJuEi la: 
A pti. carbonnM of pi-Ioth, 'J LotlLnt. rdimW, uuJ II y^xbiri ur 
6 I e : 8 : 18, Ttio watur it put hti<t » lun^ mi^brd Ovk, ntid Ami EJin 
iuirUi>uii(D uf puljult. tbuii 1.|lii LudiiiiT» i|jtfd»lr(ij tu it; uitcir wljipli ilto 
blcoliQl ik hJiWh ttinX ihr mliiitiiTd bniod till i|a Dolnur iti«ppv4'«. Oa 
VOOlinitH nrtrlv i.i\ thr indnfnrm tflmnaDtJD^ l4 11 per ■.<n(. u£ llm ^udiim 
WOd) orynlnilliir^ <4dt« v iVnl i.hr mnitiof-lMiuur i» iiv luii^iji' pnioipilalud 
h^ wMt\r, and vnJy yii^tils ■ DtnalT 'pmutrly •>( iwlofonn, toifcLhcr wJiU 

■ C&LFliOlLtEtf of plirurjjl, wIlCll tVllphfiiLlHL lO Jf^fwi Mkd Bt |||LlI*IoiL Vitll 

r^uak hJixifiul, (Alcvlinljr icrilmn cjitpf ni'i itcl upon dry carbonate of 

i^lmlt; liL)(, nn tha ndiLillan ft mitrir, jiHlufnira » pftiJniviiJ. Ovricoii- 

fttaUHl *i>lijlJunA nf ccitbjonjile nf piPiii^li m s^riUr, miiU lUhliiui in iiJuiW, 

li^tMpil l"p>tlii-r Ml i\\c ctii-l. do hot LLtt upuii i-Hfli uihtr, but HipntnE**, 

id tfurui li^itUtoi Jft^oF* frUca iuEt ai rvnt. But on bniliag the aiatun 





*«■> 




I* 
vkiffc it fM^MiBL Iw wi ai iw—i 

irfl^l fgfK-afi-tiwpw 

t»ft drilil, A»4 7» vaiw. ^ 
Mi, •-£». lai iiii *i M i L -f J 

U •* It t«i^lO« Mh v^M 1*0 
:m vMr: 10^ Ml— Soiikrhrt 

to II E |4&; ift iW w. Hvul* •! 

TWbfM^llnw^fcMtUUMm i» iW IMfta 

a B ^ vMi IW »JJMm «f -DlnHMBlfr 

djitdbfd vAavilv U «b^ la It t<^ ki&M m amvl nk I K *' 
kHlvli>M*«lxX: kkJ t M. cf Mm«UMV 

I lfa> «o4 atf A> mnlka. ivMvfB Hf 
■■ • Btm, TW ibifl*. ani nnm. n 

■ tr tfJ sT ; 1 m W «Ambib «r tofU «p>rt dii 

» ^ |iw4 ^<Ml7 ihn^ lU l^iU, « bi«4 -Art U 
p< fa «cteflhM ibff kfffMVttd MIm Mijr W ••■l*m>r 
IL IW Mko But !■ im «(•■ dniaff Ite «b*l< ■■*■ 
^—Blity a imi a mt m m tWa f i*i— J . Wb<a «ta 
t fttiw of tib wii b^PtT¥w|m< Md *IW tW Myrt 
ijB toPt JttaM mi ib» iBJi ft m k^rilwitJ ca ■ ilur Thtikntt, 
ir<«UBtNai>it«UcUDria<i,ft4<lialinlitoM«McA>nL TktfM^M 
rliahif fiiB unrpii if inifai nin fiw if n ir t f*|T (1W 

BMoTlk* loliBVBBf U^tauwdbBBdn Cknia W IfWaff JL fe^ 
aipaialMi, with axona of ■■■■twit «r nnn' wid, uJ p ari fai bjr 

BMUvvlih sUwAttf. ]f bMBibayAalf^ f^ lb* nit ti 

to4t, a HoduM «f taMl aatoaal will W eitali»t ba« j l iii| lnH if 
Mtlaj;tia<*iiivai«Blk«rnilac4). (Hlbo^ JT. J. flkirK T, f«T^ 

JVi^imiH L#ffga-y^HBT.afanM^BirwtBlia*iii. l$!«nlluLfiaa- 
«» mimtoi h* u h t * u a< (AoMW4edrM*f)> {TtrfnH 



f 



aH^Mdiaa^W 




« Frlnuii.? ^'hiM. ■hmiDfi HsleA. {^4>lffL> 



■W«l ItML 



(EvhUh) PrikUk wfL to tb* iuBflh. f :4n«llw!> VoUniliiia paMh 
J, and txciiw ci>Q^Wfr (g>inri4 IW" i ) lniMiak 



romoraiiu. 



33J 



|i*iwp{ittEi]n ivhr^n a1i>iia; but l\n\ lUi^ahalin Alatian linn ■ mriuit butOk 
Tuiitu tiko nltriut cILdt, .'Lotl jki« bpoD Uio bmaM body like io^lus. 

flC u ,M, ym -..- am .... Am 

I m -.... 1 .... O'U -„- .... OAK .,^ o-ts 

>I ^- are .„. K"6J ,„ UQ-DO _„ 011^7 



OHt^l*. 



191 



lOD'OO 



inoao 



T^nfonnnntbiAji, I, Imhfonii /lu-mi Im*I,wpwo 11,1' niiH ISO* ri*ljvfilii»nK 
paTllV nnrlpi'/iFiLypnArH, iinil |i(irt1yrrun)1vKit InfA 1otllii<--*af>f>nr niift kyilrii'itiit 
Atid jCiu, willi ■ rviNlui? nf riyninn elirkfWLLl (PicFuno*.) Aryy^r-lbif tn 
TlldJl-'E. llMLLQg but iwllfir-VlpoLlF Tl flvulvorl ]U l}lil ilrL'UU 1 1 kUJE'iun . 

(wnl Bii'i tilt* irbloriim In in ntm^*^, Utim* arf fttfirml hj^rrH-libirin vMl, 
cblcurtHc nf iiKliiiii, qnil imhiu nn1t«liLrt(v rAntniLitncmJ-bnn.whirh tnuy 1m> 
Cm«d Cnm b^hvcbJnrLr idd iin<l rhkn-ls uf Ud!DO by vublnff viih 
WEiLcr: K I' ftiviuv tu tLo loucli, ^itvb uD', wIidq mihlflmtfU liuicd, a 
iHjjmir iiiirllinv ^'L" nftiupUur, luiU luiivt'v ti ndidnu nT vht-nfial ; it &> 
BiwIaUu ill wftltir^ but iLi>*'jlvi'i miulrlv in nlccihil, inid mCiU ihon niiMJily 
la Mbtr^Tbtf nuiio 'Tvntnipnhiliith tnkfW plnrc< vn IntrtHtuoitiff iudirurm 
laio b TPiaol rcniAiDLnj; iirolnclJoriiiv <■! in-line, vbifh tlwo b?cvniwi 
■LrvDfly tnronajturatt^ wiUi iMi^o. — t\'b«Q ihc ijiiLLDtity of flMorln* b 
■mnjle^i UFiil wOtDi' it ufUirwiir-U n'liti'4. tliora ■■ fiTjpiinLiAl, iiivli^ikd if tho 
wbUv tubtlKiLK, k uniiJl iininliW cf xn nily BiiittdTi bmri'-r thun wiilnr. 
pwuiy to Ilip I^Hich, uiii Jm-ioic a yi^ry iWiWpirfiil "'lonrn M\cp tliftl of tof- 
jii-ntinp!. — WlhPn r1iri>rin^ nrtu iipi-r ioitnTtirm (i) jirixpnfv nf ft ■mull 
qquility of -iraror) rlio )iro4i»i^U ntc WilrriobrLiMfi notil, c}ilnriil4> i>r lodino^ 
•ad plioi^TJc, even \t tlip qniLntify ui c]Lliirliii> lie trnnlh ^I^iTflUua] ^ 

fl. Twi» Hrle of broiriinir intltDtlj dtcroiripAtn 1 pt, of iDdaTorm. with 
^□lulioEi ct bi^iil nn'E n biuLiif ii«iv^ jrlfltliiig brmrii'lo of lijiJnmirltmi 
(broiiii«'i<>fnnn ; nprdnljnj: t*» Bowoli^nlftt) nnif bromivlu of iQilinih 

Ifivjii^ oV clilorrnr. onrtruMK^ m'\'\, btiiI Fiirbunit! niiJcv furiniiiir D'|i'coii* 
livlffirbUno ictJ tnd iudk- udJ, ami Hr^iftmlinLi Imtiiif^ wbi<^tip it Lko 
li^|h>iilJ"Ffii)k Bciil (B ill Picra™, ih ninivrrlivf intn imVin anicl, ( Halud.)^ 
a. A Jry njintnm nf i™fnfnriii jithI poiiin-iklrTliJo nf phf^jiliftru- in a wpTI- 
oloa«d PiLPtW i!ii(VHTipn<cp innioTiTlj 00 tTic ■j'plionTlon of b<*l; bni if 
nponrl In mnthinp ti.i oF^lnnry iciDjvmiUFt** 11 rt.'maiiti aniitierrd for 
lUrvD tn-}i\l1i', nti-t (Tkdii rktoiufiipiui In LJbn irumunr. violi^itiK * ^ll'i ni!i> 
Inro uf luilido cif pltiH|]hiiri]ii nm! clilnridn 'jf ifniirns wbinb i" H'lnlilq 
19 wikliir, unci % rrd lijtiji], jimohibln in irntrr, trb^ch Iw triAt&ntl j ■Ihv 
Jorimi l',\" rnii'-tin pntuhfi, und Mirnwi llVt ■ iDlUlnw of liquid Iwliilo of 
ad^n i;?lili'rii>H|r^Lrii, n^oorillnj;; tn UuiiijLuriJnl^j wUb ji vcrj imhll 
tiljF of l>uteL tiquiJ. CJt^CI*. ^Surullrin,)— F<*'ib1j tUiui 

OTil* - PCP - CIIKV * PI * ICl"- 







t 



li^iiiil tvhif-b itrrtilliui nowiU n C*H\C1» U 

fvrnn C-KaM) -^'bl,prk.4rpforDi L^ kIk oMabo^l on dtjlUlInf- lod^ 
fund vlth oorroiLvQ eiibtiuiiLlc {Miliuhurlich}. r^bEuriJu vf Wl, rTilnridv of 
M ttbnwl- l^rullv^J — 6. lutlufiirm, liwitwl wOh 2 tiiiM;i iU wcigbt 



J 



ciii.oiimiwronM. 



337 



cRrjvA,]— |>i«0ffT«r9d byScfullM in 1*17; iw tnt iSiiBpirtitiQi wiwi Gml 

r'roduwd by Uie nuCfoD of bromiiio on ludufftnfl (p, Mft). 

pTfpiuMriow, ^ plfl. of hroHiirao uru Urrniffiti la pontwi wUK 1 pt, 
\oAofittiv. ; vntL^r ■uMk'J nfli.'r Uiu ui^Ltuii hoK (akoa jiliwot to disnlve tho 
hronijilt of iij^liirc h'*>li><^i'>l : Llit< ik[|ui-<iiii fluid iut^kUlcJ, th^ fPDV brtmlne 
nrnvvvit fntm lltu br-iijijudufiirm l>v caii'lLd imbulii lUv lii^uni i<lutvd in u 
topHiHlIn^ Funnel |ir"vi{ii»L[ n-iilk a Ntnpriank, nhil Inft Lhfni IlLI Uin iidiitiun 
af iikIhIh cif |HihLeli hNh niirii Lii rlti* ln\i T\n' hnnanihtf'^nti rn i]t#n 
■iilTftrcil (<■ rui^ nut, ari<l frvnl fmio lliiuid lUitlilf* /■' Ity^l^^'^'^rltim, vlnfJi ia 
«llll proient iD tdibll 4|UjiuritVr ^v Jl-hvilv iI tot tonut tlna- nmloF votf 
(tiluU |Uilu|L-lDjr,'— l>ir wliirli, lirtwitritr, noritn puritan I'f eIil' liruiiiiudnrDriu 
in detr^Miipcvrd. (gpfiulfl*) iTIifl liniiiii iiHli-1>> of Itydfcuvkrljou itiiMUiouiiil 
bj SimlJiiA is, n*, Jtbnwn liy nitiipbnnl*!, fi^lllC'M: thiA roii]|H>iiiti| mipnt 
lui pnxSnrrd m r|>p nbovo pfoot'**, iiitlEW lb4 bromine cnptrHo* (hlnrinpl— 
1 pt. n' brortiine 1* >ufficinnt i't ut-l on I t)[ of iuJi>ri«rm. foi it L* nol 
DHCH^ry llial Lliiriuilliid wltijih vrpnmli'' ilmiMEj Ihi ain^itrli'J lulu bfuriiiita 
uf imtiii^; iitijuud, h i* IwllKr tn Mi|>nmU> tUn bniiJiJoiJiifianii ftoin llm Iiicliiiii 
bj <Tntsmiiir;inii iir hy ii4|i]c*iui pota*li-«^utiort ; li in tmr rhnt i^» |h>(Mah 
ptoriuHt jixlaiQ of pciuuh, but thl# niby ba enilly miio*i>rl by nrof ul 
wuMd^ vltJi wftCcr iiuJ tlucBiiUttitiii. 'TiM hivmiiAt/fviw iiiui't tb«a be 
fneil fruiu Eliir wiiiDiiiiii|{ jiot4uh Huluthni by u^^iUitioa #ilb till i>t vitrioJ, 
kQU EniDi th" liitinr by irmhanimt AnfubrHtiniL luiif n>i-tifirt»liuii. (Uim' 
□bJLrJnl-l 

/'r'iTvrttM, ColouHe.* oil, *olidJ(ying il Ld ft hrtUl<*, mmpWr-bltft 
muH, which i|o0A not mcLt liU tioBtcd itbtjvc 46^; bt^virr ili'in mbor^ 
V(*ry trtlntiloi Lu a pflcolnning eiUBr*nl odniir, umL A ptni*tcnt, fary 
tWDt, but Ai^iuwlii^l frcdli unil |mnj,-tiit tauiUi. (^LTutlue.) 

9C ^„„ - 12 t-01 

H .,.- . ^-^. ^ 1 .. O'M 

1 - „»^-, 1S« — 49'U 

aiir . ^_ ^ |*fl ,. »3-u 



<:«iii,iii> _, 



!J(>« 



lODoa 



■^■■iB oboul 1 At. iirdriic lu 1 AL brormuD, {BuuabuWNt ) 
SftbiiiflofcriLi dupit not bcc<Miie ooloumd hr fiipcmiiTv lu lilt %W. — 
WliDQ ■prmklod an r«k3-b"t |wtv«1«iil, it gt*** f^ff vrliitt^ fiiriui — F»pffr 
moiflvnnd iritb it iIihu not (Ac l^i-o, but ^Tffuaot yolln^iib tnd Vflpoqn of 
hrctnkiiki>, Wbtn iiniDor-i<J in Akivr, iL Ji-«iiei|iukw nluwly, uvMiiiu^ a 

Sollowkflb n-1 (-uluiir, nnd dupniiiFinjf wbiu^ Om^ki- t^v i^iurou* jiviuib )t 
' gr«iliiitlJy cniiTortnd iuto brnmidv nf pnUUBJUEn nrnf n- t:ni (SmilH'rrmii.) 
LhrMB <^ui>(]lhirJi of hmminp ilo nut Llccoiiipn>)(> it ^Liuh^r, (BftiLckinrdn.!,) 
Dinulvijq r;pBrjii;(-]y Jn waEot, ID wlui^h U ifupiirlu 'tt a^vtnjt tiutv. 



Chloriodofonn^ C^Hi.CI'. 

BBmAUk Am.Chim. Ffiyw.i5,Qlii ii\^f ::ic/iw. 41. 439.— Ann. CfiiHr 
VOL. Til, U 



WBruTUND^ KcovD-vw in;cLRi;s vm. 




3M 



Diflnvnad bv Somllnt m \¥l4i ib) Iriu nM|KiuUoB neigiiih>i 

F'lfinat'im. Hjr }i4ij|[ii]^ loii-Tiinii wLtU iJiLutoflildrtdu lif |it4B, 
nr vtiili tnxit.nK nwiaiUc tAdi-mlDi |j>, ''^;l.''J. 

Pnrpimfioit. 1. Uv JjtUUin^ i4>iUfKriii villi u fml Wffgbl 

pniiliKi|]Wi4Ec> vi pWtiWujB.— 'L Tim nutt^ml^ ]ivf(iMl^ 4cy. u* \ 

Vitlt ft pu-'IrUrvry (u]»r piibiug IIDd«r njir^old <ncor, lilt Iha 
Hi"ht^ At llni ■ luiv v*|>uun of bdino etkoo Ihdr fr]j[r»t«iie«; 
m^w nil] ^ulmijuibu ^li-iil.* i^voz, CLPlliiuLinu Eiudur (lio wm^r^io vtikft tlM 

mil AID Ln \\'D Ekft<k; if Th«^ hidiE trmr loa I'^n;; o«niimiMt< t^Mf. pradtitt 

cuiuju;^ ru {.'uiiLml tvJLL lliu Hiilar. h uuM iuuri rut ul l^c cUfltHihlafV 
tv t4>TitiilL(v-^-Tl]ii h<|itiil m H-|iu]iiIuil (rum dm uipiini 1114111 »ci4 wiiMc by 
|liQ «(i|sr4tiikf fuiinvt, ktnkvu uii yr'ah Hi\v,vaiii. pviAiib, lint JiU4« ■!■• 
lemoT«d Jiy tlm fuiknt>J. \a^ Lhe cblimo'ii'fnra] whol villi wtfm. 
LMttjr. lotfr» jlfrom Dulcli l^yjd C1I*,CT [cliljiQfi>nal).kit n |B>lil>^ 
^fittttAl wlti A Liui'.t* !<• bulk of w\ vi vliriul. till ii 'iitu lo Ibv bvIbB 
>fytt loEiif a« mijr oS xhfs Ii^UIbt fluid C*H^i rtiuiiii mixed vilh iW 
nhimiid^iEfmi, u «[iftnitflt vfiry » lowly f mm ihw W oi vitrMi; il»A«« 
Hpunttd itam lL« vil «( viuiat by pjooq* vT Ui« atiuiTftlfiic fuoatl, 90M 

CiLnlTu-l «\\\\ vpenoi potuli^ mid Ijoitlly witL -vulrr, — If lb« oil ol «filn4 
b )ul< 




f 



<1m1 bi'f'in^ lliL* AtvI |>urilTi'u[i^ii wIeEi |jiit.k>h, Jc^mnuwltDu 
plflM, t>f»iLii*D th^ ffubnt&Etri-, Ihiforr' parilloiiti^M] bj |ioUalL, «<fBt 
«li1fkritiA-cn(iijKiiEtii|, i^rt'biJ'Iy praliHhlori'J* uf jodihfi, Kliich b bfllai 
by iiiL nf yitrLol. lEoncv aXtK> iht" r^AttM^nhrm, wJion kffA viiAot* ni^ 
flootloDby iKirudli, &;ivoc r^,\iUvT a vhll% puBg«a( vwoun of bTdnHHrii 
If M, £.rul eL«u j^kThIei wj(fi iiofAAlk u pKcJmi4i0 dF lodJafr (Smdh^f- 
h. Tli[< TEiJttimi iv 4jllE-LlN^d m it rntj^n, ihtt dnrk rfd dulilbte danlnwi 
by oquoun {mUfih, ji^^EKtnd with *M of Titri^l, an thf (Cip af vbidk M 

'OvIIhm, thoD nfiuniLed from tlicoJuf Titnofjaitd|^iiTJflc4by ra^iitilbdA 
(Koui-liariliiC.) 

S. By di*Eil1iii(; iodaFurin viit ui t4|Uftl vfligbl of f re4ftcU«idt «l 

'Voroury^ (Miutihurlkti^ farullu*, Et'jiK^hjir^UL) 

Tk* nod* of f'TocHdmg la thtr buhd i« iibDi^. 



J 



Pru^vrfrofc TFitrid|Ai«tt )iftli> yidluw lii[uid (ICMOiIac «p«f«* m' 

vhiii'li afEcr B^-iUliuii ^ilJi wulor, fruiii nJuiLitarv uf liiff Uncf), !>■■ 
ftnt ■^■lulily «'V<D ikl tbfi lo«c-t lflirijpi'rqlur«a; icblilim vitlwAl ^HBV 

iHUinlhif^ othcfMl uttrplcunar t'l^ur [S.tii]|u]» tnieiDbUH ikatof 
ohkiTDforni. (Iluuvlmnlbl. ) ItH LftitD hi ^1rllM^■l^ itiid pmbl«uy MW<i 
but «Duliii^ ftl (lie auibu limd^ IUm tfaiit of puppuriuiiit, ^ScntUikt.) 



JCl... 



.,» ^ K-fl 

„ ».- l«'ft 

,_.^-,.^ jot 






O-Al 



&itUV 



4 i(tt«k 



BROUt 



33» 



1 Al, iitilW rill 'li'^iltlkni; loHnfjinn viib ft Houblo kfliioAtl i>r an (qiul 

vpight r>f <<iE'iHii:s,' iLilOiEEIftLni k <li>fi]]llEa is funblfd IKPnULJH J u^ vhly 1 AL. 
todluolb^ Al. cbEiiriiin |piirUp«=C'HICr,C>tlCl'], na.! Jlkiiwiwmmkiiijf 
io uil laf vilrioL (Itrrtii^hArdAt,) 

lif^umtpotiliont. I. Chlorioduform 9Xpu*nl l4 llie ftir or iii^incncl in 
VkLtir In *lci»n viimclii miinkl^ uvuiiiv* a fui«-"^(j|oiir, whiA (tiiiibudl/ 
irjuTvvihv tn clnjitli. It^knilfvu) D-\vm nut Imni in Elm Hitinv. uT h ■^■ihIIm ; 
il# TnjMMir miiori triih fiivjfcn gi" in nnl i>p| on fiiv riilinr l^yiKp Huriin nf 
• 4VidUor by lh« oli'flrm j[4rk, (^tuILu.) — 2. ^^'W1l iiourcd cm rcJ- 
fall OOBld or I'ltf'ui ipf rvJ-ljuL jwroutaifl, il j^ivtw ulT vaiKiur v( iuiUuL* Bud 
Iba odour ul ioUufEmii. rSi>rrE]]4Uk)-^. In inmuv^l tvitli dtlcjijbir jhh. it 
■ultililfB wid fnniH tp>rnhUirjt](i nf ii^dinn- (St^mLlnH-)- < HmW wiUi 
■Cnnif poUih-Ioy. Jl il«ccini|ru*«« iDon> nndjly tliKii cblorofarm. boiPjE 
rrvdted id'- furuMBto uf puLaib^ iodlJo vt |iL>U*diuDi, And tLlgjid^ SI 

CMItp . IKO - (^MKO- • Kl + tua 

vaA B- Urgn qniDtUr tJ ohftrf«l; I grikiinnfi yi«Mi 3 coJitLhLfH of 
bydroBrb gin^ {^nrulfoA.) — It to rutt Jmiw]iMti tjr L-lJuriOD-^TOtar or oil 

tTmSinijrfonjL. Sparingly Hlabfa in witC«r^ to vhii^!i it imjatte in m 
hlj^ ilrj,'rr4 iU Uuil« bud 4>dvur> It i» inifiai1>l« «iUt Dut«h lJf|UtH, 



u 



BrOCQOfonn. CHB.'=C»HBr,Br'. 
Ann. I'^tiiiiL 3, SfiA. 



ijiMn] / 



L^WM. ... , - - 

X>vuAii. AtiH, CAim. rk^ 56; 130; ibtdr. J^t^. 31, 004. 

furmurtv, /ivuic/ JlrUMi'itr t^ i'ltrltfU.jf'dutfffr /iromifMirntitif 

by Dumv, 

/bmuiKMi^ In tLa dc«nipa«il JOD of brumnl l>yMun>iii Gfd ilLurd, 
(Lb"ic)— S> lu lUu dcLHimpufitioii uf wix'dcpim Ujifori). ■Ictdiol at 
HHtuju ^Dummj, by trumiuD atid h^ui^uuh Ijitd vJlolia.^^. Bjr IrrhtJnff 
Ui ■qn«0UJi HLytion 4>f oilrit or malic U'id wiib brLriitiria (Culiunn, (k-»fpl, 
rrW. £1, 8ti); iJtobytiifliHdoimf broitimo ui; ]U|iMif>iiB rrtmu^ of ptiUuh. 
(CJioum, y. Attn Vftim. Fhyw 10, tH4)— 4 Nrarly -II indiircw"* 
orguii BobHitnes. whm djiitJlW «ilb ditolnd brnmrnn, yidd k nklnrj 
dut;IUto ooblvamir ld auIuIidii * mmll quouitty uf bnjqiofomi. (Lowjg.) 

frrjiwUf'ti Bniiunl i« didTllod wilb mcM' uf cutucuiui |iurn*L» tliD 
KHloty Jiitcllnle dy.fii»lr<l Tn.irt <bp bronniforni, ami lb<i liittar cirtiiflctely 
4«bydnl*il by nil of vilrnd, (l-riwiij ( — 7 Alnnlml nr ntiniouu ji di^ullaxl 
win tOGMM uf •aaionH brvmida of lime j Ibc vatcry ibnimu of lb« dia- 



340 



mbtiitli>e: ssoosdabi igticlecs 



ttMtLtn jifpsmlAl fnm tlm oil vhidK mhIu Id iIib IwUpdr; lb* lnUcr aliBlwB 

up wiLh ml (tT Tirtioli 'I'fuLmlnl Eli<-rrfn)iii bv a pf|jnt(j>; metiAfA; pbBMd 
for a C'.i*iilcfiWi* innr in 'tint^'t with flilnnin of c^Mmik. avH flv^vMl:^ 

c^l'TKlfi uf daluiiiiit wMi'Li Aitiit u|r»ii il [Dunut-H-^- To ■ avlttiao W 
1 pr hvJnKEi ul i^ilrt-ll ap jkkIfi. in ] pt, oF wuml-^tinL, «l-irli ■■ kfpl H 
onVl a* piHtit'l'^, hnmiiiicL u ivl-lr^\ ftnm limn t^i tim*, IjII tlin li>|uul k<|iai 
to tUifv tttWiiir: «T>i Uio liTtim'jfi'nn. wbLeb koh f\«« to Out l»«4MaB I* lln 
fonji uf uu ollj' lu^cf , !■ ifoiiUt'if ill er <^b^jr|dc uf cutclmn, vlAA r«t*i« 
llm ijiiL[iri.v>iiEp[i«<iil AvuMil •piril. iLi'fi'd. ^-^pf. rrmiL SS, SIIIl}— 
1 4 Whun brc»iiLiiiD i> luIiM jti iui?i>i'-itv ■hibII |urliBcialoi>e«DC«itiiiMJ 
■dIii(|iid vf cJtr»[ii of jtnlvAti, h cliqT<|mlA Ui" liquid WfvdiiDf h««b«4 
fiR<i nfliniiic 4oiil cvjipm)-. If \i,i- ^diiiou tpf tho hminiiif b« cbmMb*^ 

eutouf, nriil Ihd otuva i>f tiruiiiir"' b* LhiriL fiLrx^ftiUj rvnivi*! br w^H^flf 

11^ MT'im, TIjia tiriniil i* b miiiurv uf tlim illifftrmf «fnfvu>4f^ A« 
iDHt lukEileof vbioD » bromofoiu, (CaLcian.) % 

PrvfcrtKt Tmnii|tih*fkl aiiJ mlourlfvii oil, of tp rr, 9'1Sj lu ■ 

(Jfi^iritrrl LtH vi>lticil4 ikuvn Etblorufurm. fDniitu,)— Y A«<4f4i^ la 
Cnlii'ijrh Jt4 i^p' t:r» lhJSU ai llf^ lio^lin,!: |rf>lDtt US'; tviktu ilc^ljr. 



SOtt 



« r* 






«! 


1 nta 


«<f 


a Br 


- ^^ MO ^ »JB* 


»1'1J 



CHBr* *W 



ILIUOO 



iWf'M 



/'Awnjfjrtji'ri'mj, I, Vipour iff bnmoform vfeacJ ihrvu^k * n^bM 
flfeH lube. ti?iuiiiu<i pnrUy uUiWuiiijitiwl, ud la pvdv tueUpd oUt 
obDTVC'^ Jiii<l brDmi^m vkfHPur- (Lt.vrij^.} V- nntmufum l^j ilaplf ivnal 
In dot OB fint; ii ^]ajn r<>fJ wtlli:!] ivitli rl, nnd hvid in lk« dftMC il t 
j<|iiri|-|qTiip^ ni|iff''M xUp tlAtnn itivrk iind ui)nk5. [lpi^<wjf.) - 3. Vh«B 
Ihkjjfit vltL pritdtl^ It ilcooiK|'4>«i^ iiiiii-Li mun rvidltj' tJuu dilQiolKfit 
hrniiiBU jt !■ Vu (uIjieJK'; iriir prudncLi of lljcr dMvUlpOAtUfJii krv bnayit 
uf puUiHimu anJ fi>i-aii4tu of puljuih ;l>umv}! 

CWAr* -h 4IEO - 3KUr * DRXQ-. 

< TliA vapoar dumJ oret rtJ'hot Ur)^a or Lin^ jicJi|> « ncuKt 

Krfimidi?^ kn njullho au-hoaixio, anJ a bquTI -inanrliy urcAsr?**!: |*4hJ 
ovOf ml but ir-jii, rl vh^Mi bfUTiiidc uf injn inrrvumlpil vtl^ fHireail, 
bntnit^iiA \i\. PulJuwJuDj <|d»i iiii( 4rl Ola bTumufom ■! op|k»wyM» 
|K<T]i1iiiv>; lint wlirn h'^tUhl 'P tHi> fjiikiiir. il liiini< *itb ■ brlfkt ligbl, 
ud fatiiia bramljp nf |4Tv«iatn mikci trhh AtmvL (Ldrif.) 

CQniAiniXio%*, Hpomofann Hi*nU» vc^ vparrnglj )ft vster, iBpuV 
Iqff lo iJiBt li^iiiJ it* Ivic HDd oJ4>iir,^>J>i«ulv«i but uiclo f4i«p><f ar 
■imibar, boi ■ Inr^ iiiuniiiyof iodj^^.^^olublo m ftkvbt^ atho^ a^ 
TDUtilo oiU- {Lvwi^) 



I 



nOTODHOMTDK Or tAKUO?!. 



341 



Protobrgmidc of Carbon. Ohi*. 

LclTHk Dhm Urofft and «■;»* f/icnttehm VetUiittnmf^ HfliiBlbcpj 

l^rrparntiiyH. Bruiniili' ifl QiJJril la ndi^riNvilvr jusTtjun* tn ilcikho] oF 
DC Hm.4 lill tbu lii|uid) whicb bivmifiia bi.'uU'JH Lu^d* tu elferv-iudo. Tbft 
l3i|UJ4l IP dkoiL It^fl Id no^l; alro}io]jc |hjtft*b :iH'lri4 litl tKi< colour iIWT'' 
pofuv) tljpn K4ilJ<T ift bfliltfil. ami Elitf almibiil WH \a 4i'VfH>mle M u jiin'iitlo 
hiMt. Oil iNwliFi^. n Icmitn-^i'lJow oil ilr#t n'hiL.rnk''j (ruL, Ihrn wlik] Ijni' 
mUlc "jf cjurbun; w'hJuIi niijf W yoUtivA liv fuEiiricin iu ii1ci>lii»t iiuJ prtci' 
[liutkpD bj waI«r-^2- Aloifhile kli^ubul )V ilialilKn} willi l>ri>iitJti«i, anil 
tin liiwpr ivcLiIifll] vnlli)* liiy^T. ruu«i'(iiij; 4>f ik^ilrubj-ouiiii. i-lli^'t, 
f^fl*|1rp iniilninmif frnc* lirfiiiiin", ■■ jj^iIilIi^iI uitlh |i<»]j4'i|i, wlt<ir<i[||»iin 
tlio *lci?<t^>iir'i'fl 1t>|iibi1 Inr/r'"''" imlrl-l in n ivw ihtv*, toJ il^r'niLj liru* 
pj3itc of ftrbon, — 3. When n mlifarv of orbrr au'I U^jfiiine I'likL Lm 
tif*ii Inft l<j ilBulf fur w \oi\f, t'MiC i* diiiillcHl, liyTr-jIfrumk irift iuibeih 
atwi firtf luicl (vficr^ftfil*' liijuiJ lnMiniJi* '-f <'itlxjii [imrLiLlily r>li*Jli^. 
Oti iiiiiiii^ tln^ hrrrwiiJAli rrvii'Eiin, fLinT vricli |tijLvli nwsi tlir^rk -\^i\\\ fntoTi 
■oll.ll liromi'lo !>/ oB-rl^n li iirniHlLurrJv -"imTJiMvl in Ttry Ivj^t^ t|qtiiitJty, 
kuil Dijiy br i:<jIItcUh1 «ii a fiJirr. VnloVrt, '..^piii t*ftitryn. il. L tU) un 
nipe»Liiitf tkiiPi |iiui.'(ih *ij[li vni-itnj* jinppoltJtpUi i>f ollwr und Ltomina, 
wiiiuii wiTM liiri Id ii'L uijaii DUL'li uib^T for riiiPTiUiJi, luiU uJiliu^ jK^tHxh In 
Uip rv^ijiltin nf tin Elinljlintinnt i>braiiiiiil no uil *binl) m-priniEiT] fmm the 
ll^QUJ, Km ikiitliinjf >i>liil. — i, H'hgi; hiYPiJiinii nliininc^ ff\ini llic KrfUt- 
ttfloL tAlE ai^rlnj; l« tnturatcil vUh nf|uirou4 (jolub. nad tbo luiilufe cvikpo- 
ntU^il, npUi.1 IfroEuiJn 4tf mrljLjii t.ritiL ii^ijniiiE^i* fri}i]i JL (]i lliu TumiJ jiLilLUi 
htivinif buvLi prvviuiuly miiiiJ wilh tlm brniiiinir. 

vury fi4ii1il?r liCA'iAr (liiLa wtkU-r. 'itm tiuiiip^umj iiicrtt aI ^10'. ruriuiuj- • 
lraiiP'|iELFi!Mt anil rirfuicrlL'^B oil; ut lUO rl vuLuljo'* uift pfuljliiiii'i in 
iitinlkii liufiiif,' A ii'UE'lv luitfdF Hiui « vi-rj' mTOEiiiLlit.' nthjiir, liliv LbikC 
of rtilmui 4<liiiir ; iu tiuit* i* imiiEH-tic uid burning ut Uml, but aftvr* 
vudft owLIdje aaJ panutflDtly swotft, 

AC U *. MM 

[ 3 Br „. 100 ,-„ n-Oi M»a 



c^Bi" «,„. i;b 



ido'ou 



i 



Demmpfftiii'ms^ The rninjinmiH hums in thn flimfl of a fpIrillBinp, 
DriuCl'iiig fumot fif hydi-ibrnniJQ tn-'u^, Imt goM out wlinD firinip>«Pit fruiu 
thM lUmif, III lIiq fpipvj Al4l-^, il in in^l'tiil.ly tato*] upoa bv dilciriu4, 
yt^1lll]lc rhlitfldu ikf brumiEiv [nkil ii I'tiMndt uT chrlKiu l]. — Wm'U hflutvil 
vhb TflCfCiiryH or pM-rHl m iht^ eLila uf va|)f>ur ovar pwl-liut liuc-oiiiilvh 
rvrriu <'«h1f<) nr i*u|irii: uiMf^^ h yJt^Mi h mH^Elin bmmidr' nnd ntrbiid« 
iKJj gm" lie viijponr, pA^iviL av*i ii^^i-Lot BinPf itvn. of p^'jijic^ ii 
rv*>lv«<l inlo ■ iDviiJha hroiu'ido find nbuirvril, withp>ut L^vulDlUm u( -^a- 



S40 



UEtllYLGStt ; £KCO)(l»AnY yUCLEL^ ^OrS. 



lilUlD i^pamud (nm the oil "hlish alnlu to iLa btltoio; tb« lOUr AilM 
iE]i wllh uii oF vilEiul,*cporn<lnif lliiMDfniiii h^ ■ pi|M>|Lc, Tne^iJci; jJacinJ 
furii niioiiiijWiikiti' [imu mi-unEiLrL aiiIK I'liLdruEu uf <m]ai mn. iui>l ffVqiiEvllj 
kffiUti''], tc nmnvii wnlc^r :irMl almUM ; mid Hn^i; HiaaH*! f«v«i w 
cLUrl'Tc i^i ccJl^Iiliii vWn'h iturti* upon il. tl*UAiHn> — *). To » WDlkA of 
1 tiW h^tlrtLli vf puloilt VI ii>ilk (u I i<L uf HijuJ-tiiiril. itlifcli it ktfK u 
colJ iw |iuMil>[D. urifDiiitu i» wltldd /mm (imtJ tu liiu«, lill Ibe tii|UHl livgiai 
to ilio* fuiuiiTL ttnJ till! Ifromof4jrni, wliicii »<ir>ri jr™". «u lli« bi>t»»ui m lfc» 
iaroi «F an (piIjt iajvr. b rmidul uvor rtilnHJn 4f «B2riiiti^ irliii^ rr<wa« 
llifl (iniJRoiJj|>oa»] ^tVA^-aijiri;. llt-rurt. ivti'j>f. r<nd. i3, S-JS^f— 
T 4. WlieDljn>ioLii«ii ojMt<[ to ^kHOL^ivutinitl i*jrt)ti!a« tv ibCQDfMilnieJ 
tululiuN III oiliitlv uf }j4jtn*lit JL ilv^niiaiim. [liii lir|ujij lirrufiLiuf bnUl 

<>nWr. ahl] l!ic«tri<u rf Wjrijiihn h* then fltrwfuVly rtioftvij hytmant^ 
diluU- imCifih, lilt <ij]y ctjlviifliv tJkfuiJ Uaviiih' ui feroDMtlfl oduUt kiaVa 
|}iL« LoH'iin. Till* lEiiuii] i» ■ iiiiklui'D i^f ihrvit iLrffCftrM «ODipvqfal^ 
umC vulfttile o( ffhicli ■■ bnuiufunD. (CkhuarK) % 






I 

iht*f 

il 



Cahumi^ ill 



t oti, of «p. t;r^ ^-\Ai 



■|!^ ^r. jfl 21^0 ftt 12^; Imlliiig |HiiDt, lj):£*; ttpoBr 4«a*Hjr> 



n -... ^ i.^^.... t _ a-i9 

lUr.,- Ua „ S4-M 



DtDHL 

1-41 



u>%. 



fix 



L'VHHr* -_^H— <,- Hi _ IfiO'W 



^„, ino'Oa 



1. Vapour of iramnlqrn punl tKnaii^ ftp«J-W 



JMyFffi;tm'FVV"fra, 

glim luljf% nimn'm , ,..._. , 

abiLrHniJ And bpamm? irapiPur, (L.iwi^.) 2. iSrvanfvna^y tUrtf 
t>» HI m Uto; ■ ^tii*i t'j^l wi'ELeil wtUi it, HiiJ belli ia Un !!«■« ui ■ 
qdrlt-liiiiijj. n^nnltHfi ]|ic Iliirui* 'Tjirit hiuI ainoliv (ldT*ri|^,)' — 9- Wbia 
liuilvJ tviU] pr.|:u.1i, ,i 'IrcMiiiji^tuni muob nuiY rcvlily thtn thUtni^imt 
liDctiiH it JJi Iru vnlMJk; i^v^ prodaou of iLo d«conipMit^4a *io bru«aJ4t 
of pq[*Hiiii)i i^ii'l foriLiiiitP oT pvlub (DanMj 

4. Tlip vnpoiir [MUfC-l ovi-t r(st-T>i»r b^rvU i>f ILcTir, yiflilt i 
bfrjiniilr, an iilllilTiTifl f^rln^nali^, uml 4 ifnlll ipmntily nrnlihiQad. ^ 
ortr ncl-bot ittn, il yifrl<U brtFiiiiiio of in^n ■Tirri^TiU'IfJ v4lh r^ 
bvl ii[> gu IE]- rilw«iuiia lIopv nn| nci rtn liriknififoini ui onUftvy Un- 
pfrtlum,' bal vhfm ImilM m tHo viti"iir. ^^ burm *Tth i bn|bi lifbl, 
•dJ farriu bromfchl^ uf jii^Iuhuu luixu^wUb cliucvbl, (Lovy.) 

Ci/mbiintfhns. Bmiiiiif<rnii dijsnl vH thtv tfaringlr in v-itor, hmf^rt- 
intf l4 Ilii-t ^ijiii^l iCfl Ijbita nni] rhTniir — ULutrM but litlJ? f^iwiberB ce 
mlnbDr^ Iml ri Unzv iiuftntity -jI juilma^^ulflblo la klcvtiol, «tb«r, «aJ 



J. 



Tiorouito)ii:^ir or CiRBo^c. 



9«l 



J, SnoTtdaty SwUia. CUR 

ProUibramidd af Cwbou. c^Br*. 

LtWia^ I'-if Ift'fflt^ w4 Anj" c^etniiftifiM Vti'hiiUnms KoiduJUeu 

30* Bn^H til! llio Ir^utd^ ^'liioli Uflfjunji b^iutcd, Jjiigic* lu clTervdnoi:- Tlin 
Li<fiiic[ IB tL«]i [41ft ID 4i(ial; Dlccholip pou-h .irlJq? ilU iLi^ colitur diiutp- 

Cean} r.l»cn wnTftr in afJilflil, anil thn liliHiIti'} [ftf[ lit pviLfH>mrn nt u c^'IluO 
™t Od riwlin;;, u Ifioow-yrlluw r,i[ th'at »rtjif\nik's out, Ihi-n •ulki) bm- 
■ildi^ of C4rl>ui»; ^vliioh iiiKir ^iJ ifurifici] l>y fotnliou eil tlI^viIlvI mi*! jftw.'i' 
|>|Lalion b^ walvr,^!^ AI^Bt^ltiiv ilcubut it diiLilKiJ yhh bmiiiiuo, uiit 
th» futti-r rtflJiiih j^o^bw 'itjtT. {.'onuiitijiit •■'{ li).'drtFbn>n]Je uLliir. 
CK'Flr, iHimiUn\ng Srtw lirihirDiif, in n^'ilnli^d villi (J4>fjiy<1k. wli^rnmnin 
thf? dri'oti'iiv'i'rl li^tiibd ln-r<pnii.'ii lNfl»i-l 141 h '<'H ilikV") k|id ilprimLA lirii- 
]i>N'j of Arlifin. — G. Wlion 1 mliiura of clbrr nan bmmine nlileh Tia4 
l«ix Infl ID LtA^ir fur a lone lima ij d^jiitl[»d« fajdiribniDlo [ici>l puiHui 
o«f lirfL wd iifrarwmU |]i|iiii| bmmiil* <jf cupbuft (probiililj' f^'Irflr']. 
On nniiiijf tlan }in>wiji*i1i nvidmv fit*i wjlt f«j|]uli jind tlii^n witli wuUiri 
■dIiiI lirnifiuln uf cnrlifni i' iiiLiiirdinliilv -jiiijumfj in rvrv kiV ^lHoiiiLCiTi 
■ml mny he collrip|-*iJ -.n n lilU''. VvIpkoI^ (^r*ii i'hft}Tn. <\. J iP) uei 
rcwAUuK tl|j> iirotA** tvhli lujivui ^>Frjfi4>tLlFiiji uf clEii't knd brbuiiria, 
wUii^J] wrrn iiJ^ lu cuiL ulJun ujii:li uLkjur frpr iiiuiiiLt, itinl uitdiui; |h»{]|m1i ta 
tbr nuiiJuii nf fliM dJ>4liJlnli"ni uUtuniid ^in i<]l whxiU Hi|punkt'id rmm ihc 
liqniJ, but DriiluEijf ii(dii). — (- Whun hrniTiifi*! ubinmfHl fi^-in lli? KtcU1< 
ujicli mil ']>r|r|- ih •nlimtcd vi[h jiijupniK pgiotk inii tb« mmtun cv^pfr 
mii^l. NiLiit bd'iuidij iif 4jAibi>ii vhvw ri<pimrvi from ii In tbu Fufvd nEfttif, 
bitvi[j|; bwn pruviuiUil/ Eiiimd WiLli lUe Lrumjuu. 






L» 



very ftdibfor liA*»[- ibikD vairr. 

lnii«inimLl «iid i^vlofiflnta itil; aI lUil' iL viilnittlii.'^ o^iJ iii'iFimva in 
llcnUiA Lnviu^ a fn'iirly lu'^trc- iliHi b vri'v rtruiitudi.' 'nl'itii , liLij tbuL 
(if ititFDiLK iiflicr ; if liUiUi n 4n»nijit'o n-nJ fuming nt flnt» bul nJicf- 
H')^l• cwl'iiij; rind [lunriiEQDtly jnTmsti 

UC II .. »» 

3flf 1«0 - MM OMtt 



(?0r* 



1711 



jDO-dO 



VetOjnpoititUaa- Tbc riunpaiind burn* in th^j finmc cf ik *plrit'lalDj>, 
(jTitlLliii^ fain** of hydrobniiiiU' jirld, but ps™ nnC whrn rpmovcil frviii 
tbd lUmn^ III tliD fiie^d •Larr'. it Ia m^Umly bi«U<tl U|"iii 1iv ublutino, 
ylvlitinif [.'blurido ft lirtumiii} [arid 11 clikniili; ui i-'urbou 1], ^-WbE'u lioulwl 
•ilh muKiiry, *r fiUMd lU iliu •briie of rnimiir I'tor rm-lurl tinc-oiiUrs 
ferri'^ '-1 td<\ ot ^ifpnc oiidi' h j^ruld* a niDUllici brvnndfl naA ritrbikrJa 
■cm! J!P»». Ii* Tflpour, pAavd ar-t tcuMinl ^mo, iroi*, ur 0£'p|»or, ii 
lanlveJ tnUi ■ mviAllic brviQJi}? «nd olnkrvaiL wjtboul ovdatlaii «C b»^ 



L 



b it imwf nwj by baJliiy wHk i^aA- 



Dvi 



Chlormnietiijiuc. CQET. 
i ibfl roftt of MA o< «fc«« «lit«ft«««« of mvlM 



Ij pvteb-lf^j w imvlhUo in niUr, but dwwna at bIodM bdA 



c»a 



«M >^ >M<«» 






ChloroforaL <mg>cr. 

Soi^bvrvAH. Ann Clim. fM^ 4^ Jtl; %hmJ. /^hl l^ 1; 

4K, ittt: n^rm. f^ndmlL 4^. U; ilWr. J^Amlff. INC», Til. 
|.iB»ia, Jh*, Pi», 1, 19«; U« f^ UK H*. 
UniA*. Jm. C^^ fif>. ^tt, Uii tWlr fitf^. II, wa 
BawfttTKT. Jtia a«-^ /^f«. T]« AH; abo Jhl /^ftvm, n^J 

PtriAiBlioiiuid pntpcrtifl*: QitwiiiT. PfvcovJihjh ^4lf ftdyaTAcU^ 
i:fkr A/*w< M cir^ ^ PvOil^ UoU«v^, rtrm^mr ft^4M 

Mliwritj «r PvrU't Mafia htfvialw (IWX wd fi«tf% Imn 



CItUtKOfDUI. ^^^V 3t5 

upon DfptorutUiffs end WileUerttft, (Uitt II ir,i* knflWfi m fcinuor ttmoBj 
{OjJ und ud Ik muiiiM uf prvdiiciiiig iii«viuLl4JiEy^ ^ 



(l>i4iiLiv( hjiii Pt'lijful). of hlcL»Iii>1 {S(ki]l>pirafi), OT of icmlAiia. whipli viuMj 

(Livbli|f)p oy nqiWMiJt obJcpriUv of lima 



I'xrfTvr '|(iutali[y uC rliluriifiinn (Livbli|f)p bjr nqiWMiJt obJcpnUt 



IT, 



HjJutann ui jMtlti*\\, (SSrmbbLrHu.J — 1, On iuti.iiijt ti<kivv Lvil'*^'^''"'^'' ''I^ibt 
Umr. w'nii nhiAnAiv Aulutiuu of [kiI^jIi, Oifh h-jIIi k fiir^v i|M4ni-i{y cf 
water (Lirbj^.)^A. Uv (miljiij^ clih.fai-i^lii: arid with aqmjuui ■fiifnonlk 
or iiulvb- (llamflji,) — ■», By linntih^ in'i'Trvt*- nf [niAiik witli dituriJn *f 
hms (Bcipiint); ^ op ji(«tHli> of doiln i*i(h rSlrprido nf limn (BnltHVV, 
jAJsrin-Ah, AVjaiA/ffT, l*<fl. Nr l)i ur ■Mlole «1 if'Au with by|HHibln- 
rilr of JiiHia ili0ii!|i,^rM, i'Aur^, [^.] A\ Gi).^!^ Uy lifotinff a mix- 
ture of nicohot AMil {'bluriclfi nf rlhyl vith<^hlori<la af tim' ( l^ierloi-FFld- 
viMMTi. /, l'Al**- mfiL [!t], 4, ytJH )-^-H The* lhU of tupjH^minff, iBmum, 
hurguimit. dDpniliii, nnii fffwrimnt, lifotoJ ^ith t^hltfrnlii nf liitin Jiiid 
wHirtT, liltpif iJw yirid rhWufuruk. (CtiADlftri.) IT 

/'nfAratifm- I. By mitin^ ehlnnnc* pi» irilb ^miiutu cliluriilu (^f 
lOdtbvl in (h nu^l «Ypo«(td to lh« siiu'e myi> (p- VKT) ^ i^io nuuluni of 
<?H(V und OIIH;!'' «vi]il«iiH^ ID tli4? two Wr>M|'r'4 linttlnn ih A^mnHt 
Ifbolly CuiivarlFiI itiln fliUirofuniw by pu>ing otiJoploo qu «voc 1l fp^r 
■apia liiiLu wj|]ii»ut riiitl'mg tbu vnavlfc^ 'i'bo raniiLlnilvr uf tL« C*ii*CT 
wbinb piuiwiH nvftf 51 llrn% iimy In* ■rtpumli'rf by rii'tifimilimi witb u fn^^b 
TOOiRrtfr. (ftcjjnnrtli )— S, Ry (ttvhibnjf uhlpfipi iviib iirnM nf ncjuuoiif 

Etvh, fnlii. or tcLrytci^ ur nItL Tollk of lim^; iLiEilAlin^ tbrmlv ■ilrli^ 
vnpcfttodly **itb w]Ltrr» in-piitatini; Lt fnmi iho wflIcf at i^t^mpletcty u 
|vjiitLbb< hy 'ltv<n.tiiBii[^ri, Httd cli^idUii^ if witb ■!< itr 7i>;!ir liiiii^i iCa 
Vulunift of oit ni vilnnl in 4 pprfiMiflv <''¥ nrppnm'ian- iLiuMj^.)-^ 
A, finEi^m ]Kiru wf ■ [|]'>ridt of liiii- nr*' mfxnl wplb wMdr, dir ■Iv.'jditdd 
tolntlnti 4lH[|lk-U T*iib I pi uf *tjOii-*^'mt, anJ i\\<- oil frr^mroteH from 

titled ovuJ Ifrii^Ev puniidtvl bn'yUi. i lltmidn ^ Pr]r;i^*1« J'jt. (.'Ann, I'fij/a. 
AH, |&.) — I. Tbo p\ftit -tci^anirHl mklulioii of ^ ifl^b rliEttriilr nf Vithv ^n 
an plih E)f woEnr, ^4 i^PTiUy Iip-aIaI in n r^norl wtlb 1 ]>r &]ru>ii>t uf .IT 
Bu-; tb« Am rouiw^'d v "i»ifk n' ibn roUiiirn bri^m (u Ij^al a;*, llio <ti^ 
tilUUnn ifap^n fft»iri|f un by iTj"i]f (iH oil thn phluwf'irm hn* |iipiit>c! o'ori 
(bfl dtilillriFi- 1 wlijrlk UNDiMlA f>i n iuwrf ttrntom <if ohW^pfvmi^ rmp| aa 
npper ilmttiin 'yf tUr^ mmp immpnnod d't»«p|Tcvl in Aihiic n]i-ii\nt\]. iiarilkrd 
inmi fna ditorlif^ by ak'^''*^*> ^^^ mflrflDiy^ mad tbou iv^tifird iu iLa 
wjttflT-bulj ; (be up|<«r lovrr rroTovod ; iho loimr Ityrr ii^truduci-d iuui 
» ivloii oonlAJninf rblurii^r of i-iih^MJin^ lofl th^Fi^ fp>r «ffvvm1 lii'iirv. nitjl 
lli*n dwllHod 4t 4 ttmiwrntiim nut «*-"wdiu^ TO'. (SonbpjiTift,)— IJuhtjib 
t^il&ln ibo olilnnrfflriii otktiiJii'HL by 3 wrl 4, !*fl^t it hw b*™ «|pninli*il 
fpuDi tlig KiM*y \nycr. violently wllb nIL nf ritriul', HpflmtM It from 
tha Intl^r Wy ni»iit ofn ripvlt«: lilnLilK it in rli" wilf-bxrb willi i Brnall 
i|iiiiiitity ^ir fre-h oil of vUpiu) ; thon Pf*.'Mlo» 11 ipwr pUWubi of ctifrlum, 
*nd intu ti b11<^« iiKtnt wiib oil of Tjctiul. Fare i>MofiifH>nii 'butiM &or, 
colour oil rff »itrin!,.-^, HyJrnlo cpf linifi iiilitfimMl ItiruUgli H part* of 
*r»Ur, Aoit obLiprifiu prvnepJlbruiifli llix mi xt. Lin till eIiB fTUXtr put uf 
tlwlima buo lUHppcfttcd; milk u1 Tiino lp* xhpn miilnl in naRleiDnt i\it;Ui- 



SM 



■MTLEn; uoMDAsr mcLMV* acm. 




tb« Bfitd daritflJ fc^ Mi 



mJ ^ aiLiar^ «#>•* SI buvi, Jt«bllci ft«a A nlvrt tw^ 

«Um^ *f MJeiik wJ b«dj dkiainl w* M»viA oil af tIMA 
lUtW. f^^ «r >- 'T«->— i. A ■oxttm «f fl^vl pwtt of seM*** «C 
1— Uj Aitiirf l^Bbinllil ■■■>— rthf vworti ifcadiUffvfcni 

£'£Brfii«^ im, », IM, 4T; Abv J^ fp. Aw. n 

CV^CflO" * >.UCUV: - <7IIO> « SCO* t tfkO t fH<k 
YT. Ir liirifliif 1 i«.«atf MffpwrtiM, vM » i<b rbli^ndtWRM 

■ibr ai^ l£« itlafffDM JiMifa »¥*r hiibImiiuiIj ^ ll« R^«t ««• 

ri«r& St. ««: >Utr. C»iii#<.ivWLS3. «;i, Vittf^ IS^Ij 4«V; /jr. 
Clr«. ^ I1T. J*4«4tfi'. IM1. Ml.} A«HJliy: U SoilwJrJ« (.TTJL 
f&*H.Sl,»<>,«t«f tvwal^Hi inatid » llw aHBBrr Tifll^ bil ttcdi 
^ipiIm- TW KtioBbJiAnlltonfl^M: «»l<hBnvUi«ckib 

■nfigjiiil, 

MMarovl tyitttiw^ «a HMoat «l iu ntruv* u* ■■ ■■ mm 

«. 10 taUpMMLi ti tnmmmU thlni-k of Nm «f »0' m SWimd 
lbn«fhMkU.w«i«,Mill4*»iiUnJBinJiHc4 toto fe FOffCffiUllvhiA 
ililk«*»W«i>«v-«IMt. > fciL ■kflhflt tJ M ^ t. f ^aw Bifc) amhw 
^ Muln fBd^j ImM*4 4ail thw cEi^tilL^D ovliKUd j»A 
■• ■ 4> TW tvAiiat iMinhnB h h pBMfd bj J«MQliJi« froB 4* 
miMtr l^ui, t^M^M «p «Mk «!«», Mkm vilb ^M lu Mt* W h^ 

CVm^c mpl fi. :nL} TkiiHwiw ^ Ibt diMdvvStofe «r T«M|ih| 
Lb* iMi «C diliiU >cpbilMB DfrLlan.!* «f lin^ is «r^ Iff M ^'— -— 
far— fein </ i4Wr loalacu, k ikM bi]^ 4ilU Ibt* ta b* 

-, iad««< «•« iMiyj ■■th Itai*. kad oihy U nrfwilcil vrtrnl liMai 

io the mmt c| t ^ur. TIm mploei kpf>«w Ia « j pM*«. bM biniI 
d>« lb|«U ia taltd ktrfv ilia nmitiiCBORiicQl *f iW _ 
St l«M lu mU Lit* rllnfLiW af Iiivm ^X aura vilb WC wiri«r a A* 
tfilL— 4l id IU of rkUndf i^f l^mv ■»« fwn^ up vilA M Ua of 
iq » «pp*r <«>n. BbJ I lb. of ftlniol «r «D p^ c U^;^ Tti* atm 
UA «o PUnd OTM Bifbt, ■Umd up «ia>ii in iLv uarsDi, u4 ^ . 
4iiliUc«l om 4 wwjr fin Tlw hwj flilurnfivn]. HfUf twtfmlw> lnm^ 
Ihft wisary *Lnt<iiip ot ibn dUulUu, i« ■tgiut'i] vri^ silk t4 Iw* 
mBcwiiI iiiiAEitilt Ift nmuti lW fiv« (ifurinv, h4 lliaa iMliAvd ■ 4< 
^H* ruLurt in il» tvpovr-uipinluii. ot otct a <piR<4uif^ If 
-Mcnde of lima baa lirvu utvij. the ubluniiiiffm vlilBaMd «n««Bto m J 



I 
I 



[iuaklf iLa Us 



caiLORon>au. 



HS 



. 



Ui. 




k 



or uenkot limn ftO ^. o. In four iliriithitintiF nmilfl wilk ilia u-buifc i;ro- 
iiurl.it>ijM» but fhh i!iflVr*int i<]iEorit|ii of liniis ihc prwiaot* viLfii"! mnii 
a ix, A Onn- ^ Jii:r- tn i m. Athm, If icr. I'Mcum, Arch, fharTo. fV]> AJl, 
ajl*; fhtm. Cfnlr, Ititt. 1,^1)— c. fl Lii,ii.TUuMuiri uf *<ornr 1iin»» f^^P- 
viAUaly «]iikeJ) uid 10 kJ- uf conL^iiruJuJ iilLlnrJiUi uf Umi.', in* mlicd 
tvkli 3^-tO IrtrVA ^r wkTor; tfvm I lu I ( lilrv uf *^ mr twiit. nlmWl 

ptPLiil^ Ah MKrii iiM r,li4 nnfk 4f ihfh i|j|l bcfomq hot, lEm iLm ir t^iuiivd^], 
unl Ihit ■Kilrllmtrnh Uft Ln |fo on l>v Ii«pU. T1i^ liquiii vhlrh iimu vpna 
ihn ohLflmf^JTHi is rfinM>riiJ, iLiiiJ iivuJ in tliir lullirwinjf iliHtiU Alton. 
4^ lilrpn vf iilfoliol. m Toitr ttirtvuvivo apFnilioiin. \'nii'l 2'i'iO j^m uf 
IIH^lilm] vhlifro(\iTia. 'I'lui th1uri»rijrni ihni nliEsintnJ Ji «1 oni^f frrv Tmiii 
<JiIuTi[ic. nuJ fuuaeE|iiQiill^ iJtn dintilljna v^k-iIii aiv not ■» mnrli atuu-'k^l 
■4 ID tioiiltfljtnik'it TFTOfviM. (lHiLroi.<i|i;i^ ^ llurauk, .V. ■/, I'Jiarm. JJl, IIT; 

walfr iio<l ft kJlu^ncmiiio of ginMl <?hlofi<l* of Yxme. u« lulfsdu*^ iuio it 
Aluike Jnr lUttiUiug tii a Gupfjfli--UjjlDr. ^Iiicli ai^zvn* Hii il kmU'i-bftLb, ll« 
ttixtUH woll jilirroii. jitnl n ki|<ii^Diiriini> of NU pcir (viit, BlgtrbDl imm{i' 
tutmXy fmiiro-l m. Tn i\i^ iooii[l> uf (lio }Jir <i Ailiifittil n eIov tn^iis trout 
iTJirH'H ami nb-«injE Jfilu Die [i>Ltilm uf k |(laH g^IuW. IilVp iko 
Ihrrc tlki>i*iiu pa'tt^ a Hu* rubG» \n:tit iwJciB ilL fjjr^kr kD^lra. 1U 
AStfcutiLv Mtiir iiiFvtteJ EtilD ■ U-'T-Lulrii tum>i;i)doi| vriiU ire. ^\'huB 
wiiujit is ptoj«>rly lulcil, tko uhvEor in tlm mjFpor »™«il !)■ i"!*Jfl lu 
jl, niid tlin hrFilii>£ fuiLlMiik^it iki hp'i^ ivi jitiv <4il/ Hri>|)n «:oiiflntiKi ih 
thn tuW, Tkifi ii'r ftf tW mi.lfr-li«Ilj proiciiVt liiii fti1vaTii;«ji^ llijU llin 
l(inirr>mi paincs dvor uitaocjtiijmnivil by h'^uiSjUI vu^dtirt A nnll'mn- 
uclcd optrtti'ji] ^u^liii i.iO ^mEiiJic'Jr of I'Ulitmforuk. ■« Umb tiv pur1l1cr<] 
In ikv urJbury w!iy. [CiiMlnflnn, A'. J. /'humi- ta. liH ; rhtirm. HwO'. 
I84fl, S02,)^r lU jwiiLiifUlIII riud/i/uniij nF diEnriiE'i nf limn am imtiiJ 
in ■ vtiU wi('i IS nwHoroi ns wiuii) of wMcr, 4C onTKr^ ^if hi prc^'ht. 
~ it}iiA ftddpiJ; tht itUI-kflM hniMdlBlc^ pm iiel* HnJ <]Hri-ftit)y Tutisd ; nn^ 
■ltnlWfttL40b«U|ii!rfp'[lv diElL-LL. Aftirr I'i Irt LH titjun, by wliJch 
fl'tbalutiiiji buDurmj' }f\rivnity Jry, u •nry p^itlln luiit In npriliAl by 
iiji<jLTii of k flrmrrnul rtm, no hm (n |Tfrhdn*^ n Mnitfrulurtf not quil* 
b(iii>iiit1Jti|f to Cfi H, ni C>J Afti^r tkrrr or frmi EirmrA, itio clilaruf^rm 
id* to dkiUJ, [tu'i lbs -ttitill^Uon it conkpMM Jii knlf htt fmitr- 
HflTdbff to tkc ni^uEi vf 17 i'ijh'UmjojjI*, i\iv jupidiK't nrioimU lo M) 
V. {y. CmI, Ph'trm. VrHf.1- iM+fl. 'i30. , / A uiiiKirip «f S/iO 
nWA ( t ipjl] vf tliloriil*^ of tlhvJ, 1?^^ gmmmnt . « ut.' uf hlDtilm! 
3ir, ^ kilci^imiEm (( lb,) of drv cMotntip of lime, nml 4 ItiloKmmnin 
ft lbn> of WAii«r 1^ «]kiitilli-rl, itnil ihn rblorrhrk-»rm nr-^t^Xr^X m ibn vuiU 
hviD llio nthur jjrkxIui-tB in the diKlilljiLr, Tlir linhEaul in VO fratninM 
«■-] or ohlutitf'irMi, i»t ikTj iMiH-ii?r of 2 frr 1J ttnit Tku U^oid 
_ puniliil ftujn ikr- iihlomf'irni lit iJniid itl DiibhHjUrnt pn^pAntloii') odJv 
'biilf iho (^jubtify <jI uliiubj] ikti^l <^iiiwriJo of elliyl bt'ruir Ihou bldM, 
[Plorloi-fWdniiiuij^/. '7"«- Pit'J, |.1|. 4, flUfti /w*/.'^ ^V^IOfli t'knrm. 
C'nti: ihtS. «;«►, ^iyA, /■A.ir/ii, [21, .IW, lHAi ./. pr. T/j^ti'- 4*H»«-f 

^. t'r^'iii'wtvmt tit tJir lar-ji ftu*, ' Kiwtlcr -'t ■/ Phirm. I^li lltf^ 

J'A/trvi V'f^r. I*:*H, ajfl.^ 'J'liu apparulM* ii»td I'oDaiau <if n la*!|fo Irmlm 

itliEciv, itc aiJei uf wbii^h btu vuldrnirl wlili leiu], TLtVLi^li tbf inLil^u 

tbt iipfi-ir <jQd pii^io 4 tCEiii^ nxl, |irE/vjc3od it tlio buttutu with fuit, 

1 ht i\i\* lo|> iritii n<iurTHd bnadln. itn tov« ftEromUy tttruin;; i-n n 

pjrtft m ito lfft«r of ihc nylimlur Bjr iiu'im* of llii- ■rnmi^Tmonl^ ihi? 





34« 



IttTUlLCTKi SECOXDAOY NUCLEUS CV:itP, 



m&itnm tnaj bo cllrred up durJufi lb# owmiioit, hdiI tb« bnl flM*b/ 
iNlimlly ililfittTHJ. In Itiu niffitr tf<iLd of Ikfl dykbdcr tbcfV 14 klv > 

Ui« iD4l«Eul> 4.14 iiUMJundj tlin>i]||b % tbW »p«vttlf« ■■ liMrtf4 
iLk di*lLi<ir^-taT>ri, hy wLigh lli« t^torufunii ii|Hjar it Mnvntd to 
tlm ^niitli<ii"lii^ ik|)}«r«|iiiL 0]>)"iaJ[c Co lb» IvIh> ihfrp piiHk Braiy;^ 
ttift iipi-or >JMP of Ihv cyl*inlo», n Imlt^o lubp* "iri.in"!! *t4** lA* A 
J'liMLK'l, fctiil runjcliiritf [Hit Uolt^w <iii; turfuv ^it tiji? ImjOi-I. Into fUi 
iuDr]i'Utql>[*. di ■(>■]]'< iJinlADCc liotu* tha fuitnvlt ij^ ipMrtAl k ■<— m-^pffc 
•■rviiiiT Tofiknvfl^T lUnni fniBiK bijittr ia lUv inaiilp of tb* f^nod-tw; 
%tii\ ^\-it\n i\i/* |an|[ir, nf idntrbifpii nf U>n ftlmni-f>Jim. tb* fnand-tDW ii 
fotniihi?'! with»or>ck, wMoli, when A|>cif, bUow* rSp fltc«iii t« |«jh tp- 
viriit 1(} ttio fuhiioUtube, udiI. "lioathiit, drnrt* it into tJtviVVllim n 
Elie fylJTiildr. TU'ik uticle rtrvm In n>jru1iftU fhft 'ap|*^y 'f n|4tr. isJ 
rUdn?k»v cc^^(i1ht4'a tijn li«n.i, Tim cklnmfijnn iii|iouf pinf *p«i»fdi 

Woiilfp'* npinnuiH, tlic lii4t hotT.lo but <inp nf n K(p>i if hdf AlWil irilb 
fclpaliol. ftiid tilt Ubi wjid oobloD MlLtmL«rl wiiU k)o«1>oL A *lai^ 
■biilEtfijf wixjiivu uiuk ufmy 1>« umJ iu*LiAil uf fJu IcuIab fltllodflr. t4 
h-'hty'TjiiHiM.* uf tiw tlrutE^vi rlilurirl^i <»f hina vf inUti'bxvt^ iul* tki 
pyljinlur. I>T mi'aTip nf 4 foiir-com"rptI waudpi] funRvl aJt^ftJ In iti 
wiHot Bptrtmn^ mud pmridpn}, nntt lU Igwpr Alnmilv. «Elh m boiv 
»mul rolJvTf prcvtiDa agftiLPlvub other, h In a raLl^n^-Wl; thf*fv »b«i 
taraed liy iholr ban^M^ htvu to iIfIto |l)« cbbriilo uf liiAo aunblT Kit 
Ibv ByliiHlrt. I LiliiffrKiinnu* tkf kto-lidit JimD are nv>1 inlnMiiiwi ■■ U* 
MBS nuumpr, juul Ihcm ■ bn^iukptro at wntcr, *l n tnn]VT%(iiH of tO" U 
mr, ii piiiinifl in, Thp qpjvmiiK it now thnroiffflilT liitiM> »m1 lb* 
ISflU wvll miitfiH l<^|iinpi]t^ ill'' fnhf, 4 li(I«L,'r4itin4t4 t>f 'oidi 
■Imbol (trp iljrn |iupvJ ih, It^lLor vitli tb« tv^nltitv »f forvivr 
l^oitjL If tliij inktflliitjEiii uf iha dilonfonn iIom nui iriiLti?itii|d^ ^*^^ 
abmn it KlniiKoil irnm Ebo batliir. nnil ittirif^i n> booh Ha tb< 4iMllbDM 
In fUrij K'tt n]k If thrt unAtititni oi npmr Wcoinn tt» i^o^ a^ 
ntn iH pntiro<l m (lii-oirffli lh« fitnnpt'liih*r Whtm lb« imHiU> it^t^ 
fXpli\ Atv-m J'li^Lii b4inili(Ml iftto i\n' pyWmlpr. vn\ Ujp Mntadi^ «Uab 
«n naw boaM to lOU", fptijuDnity lurrr'tl. AUcr & Ulirm mrt ^litAii 
«C tikff n-i-luD mtlmiiu H^rvlv unv rbli^TrJorfii cr &leah«L TW«M- 
Until uf Llie rylitidiTr lint tiiBtrhnrtp^I ly Jto irpAqjit^ ui ibc boliHa, d* 
]it|iiiiE porliDiL >^f4«rEi olT. Hiict n*iMJ m IJif iiait ap*nitjaii. TW aWiA*I 
in tlin Wi twi Wi'ulfv* hii(lJc« IiLvvwwfvm f-fv llio fnB*»<ig 
l^tioaia^ ftjiil |hi> imwH* may be rcp?«l«il titrtt of foiu Um« tn 11 <k*. 
I kUuffnmino of clilori>[« c>f'lirM ylobli tram 40 lo^C gfVmmm ti fmt 
cfahirufurlN- 

Aoivniiiitf to Biomflrl'miz {ArrL Pham. {^\ y.U U). 1^ 

n\Uiy df f-lilori'fnnn, in |<rnTri>iE>nn 1^ tbn AlDobol w^ !■ 
k Eniilurpnf ■ mj rblnrl^r of Ikmv, I pt qnMUlHr I pi. al 
•b4 40 pti' water; the pecLiiEtd eblnroffinn iba* jdvdocHl, 
uariy one-ilkirJ uf tLu AliruhU Cbinunod (^irrcn, rfiipra f w lival] 
fTin, ■loubuljp TLi- UH1 (ff Hi^piuikti fi>r (!»< prrpuiitiiiB oT <tilMiihtw b 
PM adfuUgaei]'. luTmiPtn tIki ptii'n n( i( in bi^tb. vmi tb* 
fiM *IBfvJ f of ibn ji<iK'inr i]*p<t. 1'hi" imtpnrlion Vu 
4b>ttlll9 M ffTDi LLCiLvrne witb IAD firm, fblotiiJo i>r Iihv mi 
wwitt. Slid nctlfyiii;; Lbe a^wry ilBitllai* »iLb lUfrrnL- cblnvidraf 
jUi vlUmv^ rnmi ivuuii-Miiril Ifli 



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Iiftp'sriti/'. '^.'[yio:{}htm iiiiiy bo OdatBiniiiittoil with nkvljul. clhpt, 
ftud oui^j^iuuiLiAtic ^ili, Auuonlhij; lu Jjuu^vino. yum ahliyi'trni piuki 
iri Ik iiijjhirt' i>r i^ihilI fxirLi of ipj) nT vili'iol 4Hil wiLtnr, AniunSiiiif lu 
KoBilBr. ohEurcrofLn conlniuiqic KlRnkiul ilrminiiBlk^ iti tdIhih" trn Ihd 
^plinHlLnb of lliit tf^t- Thfl |iriv<?ii«> nf ilfoboJ danv^ npnlnw^iM 
irUftH (ha diU>T<>f^>rm i« niiic^ willi wftlcr, «1i«r«iv ]inm v'l>li»r"fiinii 
roiikftidfl elvnr [MiiiLlir. J. Chim. m/4. [l]» 4* 270.) — CljIur^Airiii t'lipt- 
b^iiifitf fe](H>hiil un^uim tt jfFQpn j^iiEuDr ivheii dieiimI wUh rJiruinii' huiil 
or with iulphiifin arul vhl binhroipcitf of pnlbah; piirB flhlmufanii 
prodDOAji im grrm ritatnar. (Cnltnll, J! Ch4m- n*'t. [-If, *, 2A7, *'Mi 
J. Phnrm. [9\. 13, SAl>j J.ji*', CAtf^ft. 14, aiO.^CMnrufnrjn iPri*|>rtf«i 
fivpiii nuLii) «[iiril la uiitnlt Livn fjiirc thnn rhit oblaiiiijil from ikluiiliul. 1\\t 
farmer ii rpacid^rill/ liif^irrr lliriri Chr l»tuT, hu a npuliuvo Lrmp^na- 
iBBlle oUuur. uml pro'ltt^cw unplr^^fint vninrLtlone ir1i«n mhiiiflil. It I* 
e<'nt]i(iiin4[iHl with a» PiTipyrnkiiimtln ni) ni'itCairiEnt' t-hhrrinn, [tmL tiurniilB 
wilh D tJirnkv lfanii>, ihi^ jiixpurllrp^i ni thj» impiirjly i* ^ pMi Iji SU. 
Thw ml u lificor tlmri •m.lT, l--^*!"* !■> I>"il a» BV, hul iho bnthn^ pmnt 
^^rwuda TIKI I'r l-'iS'. It i-AtutuL If cuiiiplr^d^ly wiiM^ied bjr ■kmplt> 
Ttetlficftiino. By iliitUKiiun wiih ■ul])3jiirin ulilI, it it n«ffv. but tiut 
4tiita, ilffMnnrpil. A iiimihiF ii\\. Hut in niinJlHt Liiiitplhy, Ti Hkvivii* 
obliUTitd in (^n propiimlinn i-f nhji-rnrntm rf^im nfrnliM; 20 kilnFTn^mmo* 
of nhliiTufiirm friin> nlt^riliiil, vn^li'i^rl, w|ir-n tclKtcil nv«^r Ihn wnl^r-hnthi 
only -tU gram, of ml(iu« p-jniiitln]; of iMt oiU IT li ljc*vior Hi^n wrunr^ 
fa u nil uJunr Jiffcroiit froiri MiKF of thn mt iphuWil fruut u'ooif-apjrll. 
uJ il» Wiliiijf point *ji.rii'- frof" llH" li> IH'. ^fi<nil><rifan ft Mialfaf-J 
Aiviintiiiif t" ripfi-f^ry, ifn|iim' r-hbirofonn mny W rdmifiiitnil hy i\iu 
diHi^rfMi^ln nrlr>nt vliir!^ JL Ir^Lvm nfrrr '^vai^omTi"!^^ ni) n flnih wliinh 
bm« l>opii imtlfltenol wjlh Tt, uml liy The yi^ll'jir <ir lirovn ci>!'>n' whiph it 
hibphrti [iJ puK <j1L uf vlfL-jiiI iflimi n^-rUtoil rhcrvAftL. rurr i>1k1oruromi 
iiliiritcl ayon m\ chf ¥Tirii>l pninbir^w h ciPiitAct-iiirfnrn riirn'ti ^ir^ uiianli, 
iiupdFii ''h!i>ri>fnrnT civ*'i ii j'luiii' «Kktmfl-*iiKi>nr, T^i |i"Pifv *'lih>»ijfiiriu, 
OrvjEory Bf^itnl^ii It untl If^nTn \% b MCtMl A(th 'lil of vilrin) till ihn 
IntMr i« uo In.iu^vf C4.'1i>urpi] by HplbcU Kmoro* ibc cblorofi^rcHj ^w^ pliux^ 
U iaeonUDL wiib it *riiuL] ijumiliTv nf prruinEc uf [nrLii^-iiirf>o> to fmit 
^^^ Cmm ■ut|ihiiroiiB Hoid. At'i'irilbui f.o Ahmliinn yt'h'it-m. J. T"i*fr, 10, 
^^vVt)* fhlurttfikrn* Ihni" piirtHM (luirklj ■Il■^-lJ^l|"J■t!J^ imil j* ufLiirwitMlji 
^^B^nd la «onUin bj^nicUoHo if-'i^ ami fnv chlnrifm, Ai'mrrlmg To 
^HChriiCisDEi {/'ffaii^i. J.Tmtii. 10, 2;h3; (7A™. CpI* tKAO. fl:^, rhforo- 
^^Kft>nik ki^ufn wvit afLfii' 1h<I<i^' oiiw tFvulvtl «ilh oil nf vUrhil; bi^l rho 
^^H ^bliiiiivl 31- 1 NHL iif ifiiiL lii|iiiil [ivjidDJAllv if eoiiriiiniiiiildi] with (iLtrwie 
^^B ftciU,) vuerU \ iIccuitEpovLn^ Eit'timi Upap xC ^ 

Pvitfmtit*. Tnvin^Arcmt rq^ enlaurlMi ttil, of xpHiifla ^nvitv WAO 

Ikt ir (Liebiffh l-4»l oL ir (UpgnBiilt); T ise.l. . ..l^ic'tS*™*, 

2'itiL May. J. 3^. 3B); ril>0 lit H''; ilat of tVp« rin|rtirii i-blomnirm oiiiDirKiJ 

6«w «inuJ.-]iipJi. i-upiJv I *U ^ubpimih niifl M.ulhf); I'iOU kl TA'5* [Ww- 

I ■^)r l'3t^*3*tU'- (Piflpw-l ^— 'In rflBUwt with pifitinum wife, fefid 

I with thn hmdmutnr nt 37' 7", tl buLTn in a dry Tiuhd ni 00 9', buL iu 

^HvPfvHUioo of vAtTT.