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Full text of "Handbook for England and Wales; alphabetically arranged for the use of travellers .."

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Jtfin Murraf (Firm) 
HANDBOOK 



ENGLAND AND WALES; 



ALFBABETIGALLY ABBiHGED 



THE USE OP TEAVELLERS. 



WITB AX OUTUSB MAP. 



LONDON! 
JOHN MUBBAY, ALBEUABLE STBEET. 
1878. \-,]^ 

: I* 



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PREFACE. 



The want of a compeodioos Guide to England and Wales, 
in one volume, has been long felt, and tbe demand for snch 
a work oontinaefi to increase with the increaRing fiioilitieii 
for travelling. The main object of the Editor of this volume 
has been to select erioh infonoation as is likely to be gene- 
rally useful to all classes of travellers, and, after selection, 
to condense and arrange this information in a convenient 
and popular form. Repetition has been carefully avoided, 
and cross-references are, therefore, comparatively numeroue. 
It is hoped, however, that the strictly alphabetical arrange- 
ment of the Guide will render it easy for the traveller or 
stranger not only to map out his journey, but to obtain 
such information as he may require in the course of it. 
In laying the foundation of the following pages, the Editor 
has, to a very great extent, relied on the results of his own 
personal experience, travels, and excitrsions in all parts 
of this country. At the same time free use has been 
made, with the permission of the Publisher, of Murray's 
county Handbooks. But even with the invaluable aid of 
these Guides, the compilation of the present volume has 
been a work of no ordinary labour. The utmost pains 
have been taken to ensure accuracy, and with this im- 
portant object in vi«w the Editor has visited almost every 
county, and has travelled over a great deal of ground in 



( " ) 

all those most frequented by the toarist. Hie notices 
of places which he himself has not explored, have been 
verified or corrected on the spot by reeideats and others, to 
whom he desires to express his grateful acknowledgments 
for the valuable assistance which they have so obligingly 
given. He is eepeoially indebted to Mr. Lewin Hill, of 
the General Post Office, for letters of introduotion, and for 
a great amount of highly valuable information communi- 
cated by his friends. The Handbook has been neceasarily 
several years on hand, and in consideration of this and of 
the fact that it covers so wide a field of travel, embracing, 
as it does, every county in England and Wales, the Editor 
considers himself justified in asking for the cooperation 
and indulgence of the public; and he most earnestly 
requests readers who detect errors, either of omission or 
commission, to send notes of the same to the oare of 
Mr, Murray, 50' Albemarle Street, Ijondon, 

Jviy, 1878. 



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HANDBOOK 



ENGLAND AND WALES. 



an ailcritk duel nut dcnoU mfcriaras, buC n'n^y Ui 
the ami; 



» jwionol (qKrtma. nsH 



Abbetsalb, see Sheffield. 

Abbet Wood, bbb ^'Wi. 

Abbotb Ann, see Andover. 

Abbots Brohlet, see Sugdey. 

Abboi^bubt, see Weymouth. 

Abboot JCbkswkll, eea S^mcton 
Abbot. 

Aber, Stat., L. ft N. W. Ely,, 5 m. 
W. of Bangor; about samo distuice 
ftom PemnaemaawT Stat, and 2 m. from 
the pretty rillage of Llanfairfechan 
(see Contnay). Inn : Balkdey Arms ; 
also two TeBpectable imu in tbe village, 
Cross Key a and Prince Llewelyn. A 
very pretty village, situated at the foot 
of a grand amphitheatre of mountains. 
In the Glen of Aber-fawr (about 2i m. 
behind AlTOr)i8 one of the moat roman- 
fio wftterfallB in Nnrth Wales, dashing 
over the rocks at thefootof Llwydraor 
and Bera at a height of 70 ft. Path 
slippery and even dangerous after rain. 
Saii&Bga stellarie grows at foot of fall. 
About i m. to rt. is another fall well 
worth visiting^ The lofty mountains 
in the background, at least 3 m, dis- 
tant, are Carwdd Dafydd (3427 ft.) 
and Caraedd LUwelyn (3469 ft.), which 
may be ascended here, but more eaBily 
from the Conway Valley, near I,lan- 
rwit, or ftom near Llyn Ogwen {see 
Bangor). On entering the village, 
the mound, called the Jtficd {prone, 
"Hood"), was the scene of a tragical 
tale mnch dwelt on by Welsh his- 
loriana. William de Breos, a power- 
ful and handsome baron, was treacher- 
0081} hnog here by Llewelyn (temp. ( 



Hen. III.) on account of alleged in- 
timacy with wife of latter, Frinoess 
Joan, daughter of K. John of England, 
Pen-ff-Bran, now a farmhouse on other 
aide of the river opposite the Mwd. 
is said to have been the residence of 
Prince Llewelyn. The pariah Ch. has 
been entirely rebuilt (1878). The old 
ch., built sa &r beok as 674, was a 
favourite resort of Mrs. Hemans, tbe 
poetess. There are charming walks 
in every direction, and good flyflshing 
(free) hi Aber i^ke, 1 m. above the 
village and marked on Ordnance Map 
" ". Lh/n an AJoa. 

Abbbabroh, see CaTdigaa. 



G. W. Ely., 201i m. from Paddington 
<Jnn«; Black Lion; Boot)— a flourish- 
ing ironwork town, abounding in rich 
seams of coal. St Elr^n't CVi. is a 
handsome Dec. building with a fine 
peal of bella. The scenery of the vale 
of Cynon and mountains on L ia 
charraing. Tbe touriitshould proceed 
to Glyn-Neath Stat. (35 minutes), and 
thenoe, 2 m., to Font-Neath-Vauglian 
oc Feckan (Angel Inn), a romantic 
village beautifully aituated; thence 
■ Yitrad/eUU Faltt, i m. N. From 
re it IS abont 18 m. N. to Bream. 
The whole neighbourhood of Pont- 
Neath-Fechan (whore a guide may bo 
had) abounds in waterfells, some of 
eitreme beauty. 

AlterdnrOD (Caernarvon.), a 
remote and unfreqnented little village 



2 ABXBDOrET—ABEBGAVENXT. 

on the N. coast of Cardigan Baj and diiig;fa>n. Another ronte from Suston- 

Tery near the most S. eitremity of square (L. A N. W. Ely.) via Shrews- 

Lleyn. Inn: Ship, tolerable; but com- bury and Hereford, Jhoi: ••Angel: 

Amtable accommodation may be had at I Greyhound. A market-town beantifully 

one of the farm-houseB. An omnibofl situated in the Vale of Usk, and ai 

nuu daily, except Bundays, from Picll- 

hdi, 13 m. There ia a g;ood beooli and 

the bathine is excellent. Opposite is 

fardae;/ I&md. Ia^ old ohuroh (re- 

Btoied), and the pariah contains several 

antiquities^as Castell Odo; the old 

mansion ol Bodwrda (l«mp. Chas, 1.): 

and a portion of the ancient chapel of 

Eglwyi Voir, The coast scenery is 

grand. At Parayd, opposite Bardsey, 

the cliffs d^oend to the water in asheer 

precipice of 600 ft. Visitors to Bnrd- 

»ey must beware of n very stroDg tidal 

current separating the island from the 

raaiolond. At 8. end of island, which 

is about 2 m. in length, is a lighthouse 

from whence St. David's Head, B2 m., 

ia somelimes visible. The ruins ore 

thoseof Abbey ofSt. Mary, founded in 

616, bj Codvan, King of N. Wales, and 

on account of the number of devotees 

attracted b> it the island was called 

tlie Isle of Saints. 

Aberdovey (Merioneth.), Stat., 
from EustoU'Sq., or Paddington, via 
Shrewsbury, a very pretty and quiet 
little watering-place with fine sands. 
Inn: Dovey H. Excursions In Aberi/»t- 
witli (11 m.) by ferry of a little more 
than a mile across the estuary of the 
Dove;, which here divides N. and S. 
Walesiandjoiningtbemilwajat Ynys- 
Laa ; or else by going round bj Glan- 
Dovey June : (o liyn Barvog 3 m. ; 
Toiryn,iio. : and a lovely drive of 5§m, 
to the pretty little villacfe of Fenrtal, 
which is supposed to have been a Soman 
■tatiou. Tie quiet little watering, 
place of Borth (see also AberyitKith), 
with its beautiful sands, ia distant 
HJ m., by rail, via Glan-Dovey June. 
There ia a good hotel there, the 
Cambrian, and another, the Borth 
Hotel 



rounded on every aide by n: 
the chief of these being Scyrrid Vawr, 
or Holy Mountain (1497 ft.), and 
Vach on the rt. ; the Blorenge (1720 
ft. high) on the 1.— a mass of old 
red sandstone : and the Siignr Loaf 
(ieS2 ft.) at the N. of the tovu. 
The view from the snuunit of the 
Scyrrid is magniflcent. The geolo- 
gical structure of this mountain oon- 
aiats of beds of brownstouc, cappoil 
with quartzoae conglomerate. On the 
lower slopes may be foand eiccllent 
specimensofOldRedfish. TheChurch 
(St. Mary's, Monk-street) contains a 
number of fine ancient monuments, 
moat of them, however, much muti- 
lated. The only modem public bnild- 
ings worth notice are the Lunatic 
Asylum, a handsome atmcture erected 
in 18s0 at a cost of 40,0001., and the 
Market-house (cost V^fiOOl). Excel- 
lent fishing may be obtained in the 
Usk. The Abergavenny Fishing Ae- 
aociation issue season and day tickets 
(the latter 5a. each for salmon and 
trout, and 2i. 6d, for trout only), and 
ttppiieation for these may be made to 
Mr. Bigglestone at the Post OfBce. 
The landlords of the Angel and Grey- 
hound Hotels have also transferable 
tickets for the use of their resident 
visitors. The season for salmon fish- 
ing is from 2nd April to 1st Nov.: and 
for trout from 14th Feb. to 30tb Sept. 
The ruins of the Cattle a- - - 



) Wye Jbver. 
« CriceieUi. 
ABBBnBAW, tea Holyhead aitd 
Ltmtgefm. 

AberiraTenny ( Monm.), Stat, 
midway between Newport and Here- 
ford. 168J m. (G. W. Bly.) from Pad- 



,r the e 



3 the 



town. From the terruce-nalks (open 
to the public) are delightful views of 
the Vale of Usk. 

Exourfiom. — Buins of Llantlumy 
Abbey (see also Brecon), 10 m., a Cis- 
tercian priory, erected about the end 
of 12th cent. There is a tolerable 
little inn fitted np in the old Prior's 
house. The road continues up the 
valley for 1^ m. to mountain village 
of (!apel'y-Ffi.n, near which is a 
monastery erected by Father Igna- 
tius; Eaglan Costlc {see Wye Uair), 
10 m. by road and 1 hour fay rail; 



ABERGELE— ABEBYSTWITU. 



over the Blorenge to Blaenavon, 6 
m. : Brynmavrr, a laige ironwork 
town (/nn.- GrifBD), 8 m. b^ rail, 10 
m. by road; Mrmmoath (old rood}, 
14 m. (new road IT m., and 1^ hr. 
by rail); C»t, 11 by road: the beau- 
tiful gfwdens of Uanoixr Court (Lady 
LlanoTer). 4 m., and near this the 
village of lAaneUen, a aweet little 
spot undyr the slopes of tha Blo- 

AI»eriC«le (Denbigh.). Nearly 1 
m. from Stet., L. * N. W. Ely.; ihr. 
by trun from iiAi/I; and about } hr. from 
Llandudno Juno. Jnni.- *Bee H.; 
Camlown H., dose to station (Pen- 
sam) and beach. A quiet wati-r- 
ing-place, posaeeaing beautiful ecenety 
in me neighbourhood, in which the 
carboiufeiuus limestone is finely de- 
veloped. Tha Gh. has square tower 
and curious old cyclopean doorway, 
cloaed up, at W. end of S. aiale. C>n 
summit of the hills, 1 m. to S.W,, 
are the British camp aud outpost of 
Gattdl CavTr. and Gordd'jn Xamr, and 
1 m. N. the large end pt rfect camp of 
Castell Mawr, uear towhich,atCoppa- 
yr-Wylfft, are remains of a ve^ Btiong 
British fortrese; while the hill of Cefn 
Ogo, 2 m. W., is remarkable for a very 
fine cavern abounding in stalaetiteB. 
.— l,(o)To£:!nm«JPari, 
m. beyond, the beautiful 
church and park at Bodeheyddan (see 
St. AtajA:). 

(6) To the pretty village of i(an- 
dufcw, 2i m. N.W., pasBinR at about 
Ij m Garydi CatOe (R. B. Heekelh, 
^q.>. At Llaudulaa is a beautiful 
Ck,, built by Mr. Street. Uy»f aen Bilk 
about 2 m, S.W. from Llandulas or 
Gwrych Castle, aflbrds magnificent 
views of mountains around Conway. 
1 m. W. of Llaudulas is ihv pleasant 
little watering-place of Cotteyn (see 
Conwayy 

2. To DetMgh. a. Bail, all tlie way 
t^ Bbyl June. b. For pedeatrlang, 
oroBH-road, At 

(a) 4i m. S.W. is Bellw$ Abergele. 

I m. beyond the roads direi^, the 
one rt. deecending the bills on 1. bank 
of the Elwy to Llangeraiw (about 

II m.), in on.-yd. of which are two 
pairs <^ lai^ upright stouee ; hence 



bridle-road to UanniwC may be fol- 
lowed up the dingle of the Afondyf- 
fryn-gallt, the total distance from 
Abergele heiug 17 m., or the tourist 
may proceed 3 m. F>. of Llangerniw to 
secluded little village of Gwythmn, 
in C&. of which are two chests endos- 
ing portion of St. Winifred's ooffln ; in 
oh.-yd. are four upright stones, one of 
which is inscribed. 

(Ji) From Bettwa Abe^ele, proceed 
7 m. to Uanfair Talhaiam (Inn: 
Harp), beautifully situated on the 
Elwy, which explore downwards to 
SI. JMipA, or across the hills about 
3} m. to Llanwnnon ( Jnn ; SalBoen's 
Head), on the Aled, in the neighbour- 
hood of which is British xmphitheatre 
of Bardd ATihuT, or Arthur's Bound 
Table. 5 m. from IJansannan are 
the two pictureeque waterfalls £Iyn- 
yr-ogo and Bkaiadr Slater oa the Altd. 
From Lkueanuan it is 9 m. K. to Den- 
bigh. N.B.— These eioursions should 
not be undertaken without an Ord- 
nance Map. a. St, Aiaph see). 

Aberirwlll (Caemuthn.), f<lat., 
L,&N.W.Kly. 2m.fromCaemuunhen. 
The village contains the palaua and 
grounds of the Bishop of 8L Itavid's. 
There is a pretty Ch., E. E. style. 
Alter passing the Palace, a steep road 
OD ;. leada to Mtrlin't Bill, cele- 
brated as the residence and place of 
burial of the renowned sage Merlin 
(Spenser's ' Faery Qneene ') — oom- 
manding on extensive and beautiful 
view. On the opposite side of the 
river Towy is /./ctn^nnorCh.,aprinii- 
tive little building, with some fine 
old yevr-trees. and a superb view of 
the Towy. In it is a monument to 
Sir B. Steele, who composed many of 
his dramatiu pieces at the "White 
House" in the village (sea Caermar- 
fben). 

Abbkhulb, see Montgomay. 

Abbrporth, see Cardigan. 

Abersocb, see PviOMi. 

Aberystwttli (Cardigan.), 
Stat., 9} bra. by train from London, 
L. & N. W. and Oambrian and 



ABEBYSTWITH— ABINGDON. 



botiibdiiKthe»ett: LionH. Pottf^eel 
mNew-«tieet The "Welsh Brighton," 
prettily aitoated betneen the hills | 
at the month of the Rheidol, which ' 
here unitea with the Ystwitb. The 
beach is remarkable for the quantity 
of pebbles to be found od it — inch 
Bs comelianB. onyx, &e. On a lofty 
rock, DverlookiDg the sea, stand the 
minii of the Cailh, founded by Gil- 
bert de Strongbow. The existing 
reiDBinB are probably of the time of 
Edw. L Adjoining the Castle ^uuds 
is t^e University College of Wales, and 
in &Dnt of tbia ihe promenade pier 
(900 ft.';. Outeide the town, on banks of 
the Bheidol, U Pltw-crtig, a ruined 
castellated house, said to have been 
the reaidenc^ of Owain Glyndwr, who 
held poBEesBJOD of the ca«Ue temp. 
Hen. IV.— V. 

J^curifofu.— The hill on If. aide 
of town, called ConiiitatuM MiR, or 
Cratg-laU, is traversed oy agreeable 
walks ; and there is a path stretching 
N. along the cliffs as far as Burth 
sands, 5 m., OTerlooking estuary of 
the Dovey, and commanding magnifi- 
cent views. From Borth (see Aber- 
dov^), 8 m., the visitor may retnm by 
the Machynlleth road, passing the ro- 
mantio village and chim^ of Uanifi- 
liiiTigeUgetiefiT-glifn. It is a delight- 
ful excursion to the Deaire Bridye, 
12 m. {Hotel: HaTod Arms; large 
and comfortableX passing 3 in. rt. 
Nanitoi, seat of Col. Powell. Coach 
daUy from Queen's Hotel. Tbo 
bridge is a doable one, Iho lower arch 
built, it is said, in the 11th or ]2th 
cent. 1^ monks. The nrch over this, 
abont SO ft. span.was built 1753, at a 
height of 120 ft. above the torrent. 
The best way to see the l«idge ia to 
oroBB it, and, taking a path to the rt., 
descend to the water's edge. The 
watetfalla may be seen by takmg 
another pathway on 1. of high road, 
about 30 yds. beyond the bridge; but 
the best views are from the grounds 
of the Holel Company, who ebarge 
Is. for each visitor. The tourist should 
return by vray of YipyUj/ Cynfyn, 
If m. N.. on the Rhayadi road, in the 
' ' ' I 3 DiDidlcal 



ob.-yd. of which are 3 
stones; and about ^ m. o 



I. is 1 



Farton't Bridge, which should be 
visited on account of its very wild and 
picturesque beauty. Beyond (between 
i and 4 m. from Devil's Bridge) is 
Pont Erwyd (Irtn: Gogerddan Arms). 
Observe here the &lls of the Kheidol, 
in a wild rocky gorge close to 
the road. The Coginan lead mines, 
S} m. beyond P. Erwyd, are worth 
visiting: also Llanbadam Tatcr Ch. 
(St. Padam's), 12th cent., 6 m. be- 

Cd, and 1 m, from Aberyatwith. 
m the Devil's Bridge, the tourist 
has also the choice of returning by the 
road alont; the Ystwith to Llana&n, 
viaiting, en roide, 4 m., the princely 
eatat« of Ba/od, in the grounds of 
which are aeveral pretty waterfalls, 
the most attractive being the lomantio 
Piran. The eh., not &t from the 
entrance lodge, containa one of 
Cbantrey's fineat sculptures. From 
the Li^rne had mines, which are 
ntsr, a private road, open to visitors; 
leads to Llanafan, 10 m. from Abe- 
ryatwith, where there is much beauti- 
fal and romaclic scenery : or, on 
quitting these famous mines, he may 

Eiroceed to the interesting but neg- 
acted ruins of Strala Florida AhbSy 
(founded about 1184), situated on L 
bank of the Teili, and now consisting 
only of a lancet window, and a fine 
Norm, doorway, which is probably 
unique in its simple llutings, and six 
coKirdinate recessed arches. A small 
parish cb. stands within the precincts 
of the abbey. From the station here, 
the train runs to Aberystwith in 
about 1 hr. 

DieUincei, — Marhi/ftUetli, 18 m., and 
about 1 hr. by rail ; Aberaeron, IS m. 
(pleasant and cheap drive by mall 
tar); Cardigan, 23 ra. : Aberdtwey (by 
ferrylllm.; BoTlh,Sm. 

Abtnrdon (Berks.V Btat., on 
G. W.Ely., 6 m. 8. of Oxford. Inns: 
Crown and Thistle H. ; Queen's H., 
near the bridge ; Lion ; Bising Sun ; 
Hag's Head. At the Abbey here, 
founded in 7th cent., Henry, son of 
William I., csined hia appellation of 
'■ Beauclerc"' Tery httle remains of 
the once extensive and magnificent 
conventnal buildings. The Pem gate- 
honae, converted into station for fire- 



ACCBIXGTOX—ALBBIGHTOX. 



engine, gives 
which BDme tisgineiita — a flreplaoe 
a reuiBrkable obimnej — ISth-cent. 
nmy bo seen. AdbHiiing gateway 
is ChurA a/ SL NiiMia. wilh a 
aiDKular si]uare Bt>iir-tan«t attached 
In N. Bide of tower. St. Hden't. near 
the river, is a large ch., with 5 aisles, 
tutored at a coat of 70001. The painted 
ceiling of N. aisle of ch, and «iDie old 
portraits in the hall of Chriifl Hot- 
pitid, which adjoioB ch.-jd., are worth 
ioBpection. There are alao aeTeral 
good portraits in the conncil chamber 
adjoining the abbey gateway. The 
Jiarlcet Houef. and Coaaty UalU a 
handsome modem Bomanesque etrno- 
ture, designed by Inigo Jone« Q)- There 
is good tisliing (open, except fence 
months); alao good Wtitig in the 

Aid^(Stat. on G. W. Itly., junc- 
tion for Abingdon), onoo a manor of 
the abbey, lies 3 m. N.E. The red- 
brick mansion is now the residence of 
the ivikiden of St. fcfer's College. The 
village Ch., beyond tho park, oontains 
some good painte<l glass and rich old 
woodwork. A vely short distance to 
the N.W. is the pretty village of Sun- 
ningiKli. The C%. is supposed lo have 
bt.'en rebuilt by Bp. JewelL Before 
the altar ia tlie grave, inscribed S. t'., 
of Dean Fell, once rector, who died of 
grief on heating of the execution of 
Chsrles I. From the tower, Koger 
Bacon is ssid lo have made his astro- 
nomical observationa. Tho road enters 
Ba^t/ Wood, in which Dr. Arnold 









Thamei tour). A delightful excursion 
may be made to Nuneham Park, the 
seat of Cul. E. W. Haroourt, 27 m. by 
water (see Oi/ord) ; also to the "Boars' 
Uill," situate about midway between 
Abingdon nod Uxford, and cornQtaud- 
ing splendid views of Berkshire and 
Oxfbnlshire. 

Culham College (Diocesan Training 
College fbr Schoolmasters) is about 
2 m. from Abingdon, and 1 m. from 
Cnlliam Btat. 

Abinobr, see Dorking. 

AccrtngUtn (Lanceh.), 211 m. 
from St. Pancras Btat. and 22G m. 
from King'a-cross ; about } hr. by 



rail fK>m Btancbcster and Preabn, 
Lane and YorkB. Rly. Inn: Har- 
greares Arms, A busy manufacturing 
town, possessing large cotton mill*, 
print, machine, and ohemii:al worto. 
The only object of interest is the 
Peel Institution, a haDdsome Italian 
building, erected ia tV57 at a oiwt of 
800CU. 

AcDMi BuRNiLL, MS SkntcAurf. 

Adobrbdrt, ne Banbun/. 

ADDiHaTOH, aee Crofdom and JbAf- 

Addlbttonb. aee Wegbridge. 
Adbl, see Ludt. 

Alban'H, Ht.— See St. Alsan'b. 
Albrig-bton (Sal<^), Stat, 

G. W. Gly., 119 m. from Padilington, 
and rather more than \ hr. by rail 
fiom Wolverhampton. loiide the Ctt. 
obs. E. wiudow (Dei;.), wiodow In S. 
aisle, and &ue altar-tomb. 3 m. S. i« 
Fat^m Ch. (Italian), oontaiulng mo- 
numenls lo Astley family (temp. Hen. 
VIII.): also tu the Pigot family. 
FaUhnU I'ark U seat of E. of Dart- 
mouth. The scenery is very pretty. 
2 m. 8.E. is I'aUutgliam Ch., restored 
by Scott, of mixed dates. 

From Alhrightou Stat, a most inte- 
resting excursion can be made to 
BoeaM (4 m.) And White Laditi, 
passing Dottinglon, the rh, of wliich 
iiaa Bume good stained - glass, and 
SkakerUy (W. Horton, E«|,). 1 m. 
beyond is White Ladiei, ae ruins 
of an aucient convent for Cister- 
cian nuns (founded temp. Rich. I.); 
and a little beyond is the ancient, 
though altered mansion of B«*oobtl 
(see), not shown to viaiton after 5 p.m. 
Portraita of Chas. 11. and Cromwell, 
and in the drawing-room a black 
marble mantel-piece, having excel- 
lently sculptured soeiiea of the king's 
escapes. Betum either eastwards to 
Brewood ^see) or W. for 3i m. to 
Tong, paaslng at foot of Tong Knoll, 
from which is a f ue view over Wettoa 
(E. of Bmdford). The ch. and castle 
of Tong are well worth viaiting. The 
former is a perfect mausoleum of the 
Vernon family. It is a fine example 
of E. Perp., and oontains some fioelj- 
calved woodwork, and a huge bell, 
48owt, in weight. On " 



ALCESTEE—ALDESJJA M. 



gate of the castle ia some extraordinary 
oorTing. The whole round from Al- 
brighton to Boecobel and back by 
Tong is abnut 11 ni. There ia a fine 
Ch. at Shifjial, 10 min. by rail from 
Albrighton ( Jtin ; Jerningham Arms), 
and a magnifii ' " ' 



the branch of the Mid. Rty. from 
Grent Malvern to Blrmiaghain. Alao 
G. W. Bly., Stratford-en-Ayon liiie. 
Inn ; Swao. This is the site of an old 
Boman town, where relics of the Bo- 
maa period have been frequently dis- 
covered. In a recess at E. end of S. 
aisle of Ch., restored and enlarged 
1671, is a handsome ceootaph by 
Chantrey to the 3rd Marquis of Hert- 
ford, K G., and an altut-tomb with 
recumbeat effigies of Sir Fulke and 
Lady GreviUe Id. 1562). 

At InJdierrow, 5 m. W., ia a large 
Church of some iatcrest. 

14 m. Headlai Ckoss (Inn; White 
Hart). This spot is much frequented 
for its scenery and extensire views. 

The village, situate in 3 porishee. 
has a lofty CSurcft, erected in 18*3. 
Its vaulted roof is painted blue, with 
gold stars and signs of the Zodiac 
beneath. The stone altar-table is 
gorgeously adorned vith sacred em- 
blems in Venetian marble by SalviaU. 
The population is chiefly employed 
in needle making. 

SeddUch. Btat., 7 m. from Alcester 
(Inn: Unicom), is a clean and thriving 
town, a principal seat of the needle 
trade in all its varieties: Ssli-hooks, 
pins, bodkins, hiioks and eyes, Ac., 
are also mannfactured here. 

StratfoTd-on-Avoa ia about 7} m. 
&om AJcester. 

AldborOUgrh or Aidtlmrgh 
(SutTolt), Stat., Gt. Eastern Rij. from 
gaimundham June. Innt: White 
Lion, on the beach ; New Inn. A 
small seaport and flE<hing station. It 
has become a place of some resort for 
sea-tmthing. and a number of lodging- 
houses and a few villns have in conse- 
quence sprung up. There is a walk 
along the beach 2 m. in length • end 
a terrace on the hill behind the town, 



commanding good viowa On the beach 
is the "Moot-hall," a half-timbered 
building of the 16th cent., restored 
in 1S51. Crabbe, the poet, was bom 
here in 1774, and in the poem of ' The 
Borough* he has descrltied its more 
prominent features. 

At IMttoB, 8tat. between Saimund- 
ham and Aldborough, are the pic- 
turesque mini (end of 14th cent.) of 
Xettton Al^. founded 1182. Here 
also are the very eitoosive iTonworka 
of Messrs. Garrett. 

Orford CailU, 1 m., about fl m. by 
sea, and Bviley Priory, may be visited 
from Aldborough. (See Woodhridge.') 

ALSBOBOuaH (Yorks.), sea York. 
Aldenbnm (Herts.), 15 m. I^om 
Loniion by road, 2j m. N. by E. from 
Bnshey Stat, L. & N.W. Ely., throngh 
charming lanes, by Bathea Orin/e, 
Builiey mU. and Berry Wood, and 
about 2 m, S.W. from the Badlett 
Stat oftbe Midland Bly. 

The C;<ureA (St. John the Baptist) 
is worth visiting. The interior ia ud- 
uaually good. Over the nave is the 
original and untouched chestunt roof, 
the tiebeams of which have angels 
supporlii^ shields, carved and co- 

The MoawmenU are Interesting. In 
the chancel are 6 small 16th-cent. 
braaea in (sh preservatian, thongh the 
inscriptiona are gone. Observe, at the 
E. end of the B. aisle, an aocient cAur«b- 
efttai ; it is 10 ft. long, hewn out of a 
siugle block nf oak, and everywhere 
bound and clamped with iron. In the 
ch.-yard see the fine group of tall 
sycamores, and the tomb of Lt.-GeD. 
Robert Bamc, d. IS25, an othoer who 
commanded a brigade of Ihe British 
army, under Wellington, in the Penin- 
sula, andserved with great distinction 

Altogether Aldenham is an interest- 
ing place to visit. About the cattle 
iloora, in summer, straw-plaiters may 
V,; — =-nble fingers, 
picturesque ; 
and the stranger, if at Aldenliam iu 
the early summer, should not fiiil to 
stroll through Berry Wood down to 
the river Colne, which skirts its western 
boundary. It has wild walks, and 



ALDEBSEOT—A LXWICE. 



eboimds in flowers. A chalk pit in 
it itill reward the geologist with ui 
abnadauce of aponges, foraminifera, 
and perchance " beautifull; pretierved 
polyioa," Along (he river there are 
two or three delightful level reaches. 

Alsebbcbt, see Sali^mrT/. 

Aldeblet Edoe, see Maccleefield. 

Aldebuaston, see Beading. 

Aldeeshot (Hants). — See Fabs- 



Alhwobth, eee Tkame«. 

Alford (Lincoln,), Stat., G. N. 
Rly., ISOJ m. from l^ondon, and I ht. 
by rail from Boston. Inna : White 
Horse ; Windmill. The town ia 6 m. 
W. from tha Garmftn Ocean, and from 
it the tourist idh; visit Uablelkorpe 
(Boo]c-in-TiandSotel,d.a<l good, lodging- 
itonseB). a small and delightfully situ- 
ated bathing-place, with excellent 
sands. There ia a apring called Boly 
Well, said to be efficaciona in acor- 
butic complaints, aboBt i m. B. of 
Alford. 

Alfobd (Somerset), see Catlle Cory. 

.A.UiretOIl (Derby), Stat., MiiU. 
Rly. (Erewash Valley branch), I m. 
distant, and 2 m, from Wingfield Stat, 
on the main line. Jnn: George. Is a 
metty little town with an interesting 
ChuTeh, containing monuments t« 
familv of Morewoodand brtUB to John 
OriDond, 1507. Al/reUm Sail (P. 
Horewood, Esq.) has some good pic- 

AJ.OAKIBE, aee Bonton. 

Aliasotoh, see MatdtUme. 

Au/iNBi, see Maruport. 

AiJtasDBcsr, see Nadderifield. 

AiNMOLTH, see WarkmiTth. 

AlnivIcK C Northumberland ), 
Btat., nearly midway between New- 
castle and Berwick. Intu: 'White 
Swan — a key of the park is kept 
here for nee of viaitois ; Star, c 
mercial ; on leaving station, rt. is 
Plough Inn (1714). The road : 
pessea under BandgaU, the only 
remsining of the four ancient gates of 
the town ; after entering wbinh, is 
curious old house bearing the Percy 
lion Dud crescent : further 1. is Pot- 
tergaU Toieer (1768), on site of old 
gateway of same name. In modem 
Cfi. of 81. Pauj, in upper part of 



is rery beautifOl E. window repre- 
senting St. Panl preaching at Ajlti- 
och ; in N. aisle is immense altar- 
tomb of the Srd Duke of Northumber- 
land. The old pariah Cb.o/RJirieAaeI 
in lower town is a fine Perp. building ; 
at S.E. angle is qnamt b««oon tniret, 
coeval with Perp. cb., placed tbne 
as a look-out against the Scotch ; in 
the interior the pillars, with rich 
ropo^nouldings, are renkarkable; at 
E. end of ch. are three monumental 
effigies, and at W. end two carlouB 
flgurea dug up, ISlti, in N. aisle ; below 
the ch., in WaHxryate, are mina of St. 
JKarj/'e Ctiai'tty. 

The CasBe is imposingly situated 
1 S. bank of the Mo. It is en- 
led from the town by a Galeuay 
preceded by a plotnresqne Barbi- 
can (both 0. 1350), which are ani- 
*>; stone ligurea to give the 
their being mann^: Uiia 
^teway pTea enlrwioe to the OnUr 
Ward or SaUtun,' on 1. is the pictur- 
esque Abbol'i Touvrwith stone figures 
on its parapets; on rt. are the Cor- 
ner TWer and the Audiioi's Tower, 
beyond whicli is the Middle Gate 
Howe, with prcgeoting circular tower 
on side next the Keep; passing 
through the gate, on rt. u the Keep, 
furming a polygon with a courtyard 
in the centre; the tower rt. of the 
entrance, built o. 1350, contains the 
prison with its old bolts and rings; 
in centre of floor is entrance to Uie 
dungeon ; the gateway is a magnifi- 
cent Norm, arch, built e. 1145; the 
two semi-octagonal towers which flank 
it were built by Hean, 2nd Lord 
Percy (abt. 1350); rt. is the Drate- 
uwU, above which is flgure of a saint 
blessing the waters. The castle was 
first modernised in 1750-1766, by 
Hugh, 1st Duke of Northumberland ; 
the internal decorations were in the 
gingerbread Gothic style. In Nov. 
1854 Ihc fbnndation-stone of the'Pmd- 
hoe tower was laid by the Duchess 
Eleanor, and the interior altered in 
the Italian palatial style; the Grand 
Entrance to the Prudhoe Tower is 
from a covered drive in the inner 
court opposite the draw-well ; the 
StainMiw, twelve fl. wide, is compasod 



or single stones, the vulta 
with oolonied marbles, end the ceiling 
is in imiUtion of tbe Loggia of tlie 
Vatican ; this leads to a Veilibule, thi 
ceiling of vbich is decorated nitt 
subjects from ' Chevy Chase ;' hence 
yon enter an Ante-room, lined with 
green satin, the ceiling is carved and 
ha« a frieze «ith groups of bojs and 
flowers ; this, with the adjoining rooms, 
are now filled with pictures chiefly 
from the Camuccini CoIUction ; on 
L is the lAbraty with some family 
portnuta, Ac, and on rt. the Saloon, 
with yellow satin walls, and frieze b; 
XanUmmi, and flro-place of white 
marble ; this opens into the Draining- 
room, which has magnificent carved 
and coloured ceiling, and frieze by 
Mantovani ; the white marble chim- 
ney-piece is from Eomo ; a corridor, 
carried out from main wall upon 
corbels, leads from the ve^tibnle to 
the Dining-room, which has carved 
ceiling copied from the Basilica of St, 
Lorenzo at Bomo; the walls are sur- 
rounded by family portraits, sur- 
mounted by frieze by Hantovani ; 
bejrond this a passaee leads to the 
stale bcd-rooma with richly carved 
and gilded ceilings by Tacealoiii; I. 
of vestibide is approach to gallery of 
the Chapd, whicli ia of great height, 
with richly groined ceiling, the pave- 
ment and walls are adorned with 
mediaeval mosaics, in Imitation of 
tliose in the old basilicsB ; rt of tb 
Middle Gate U entrance to a magni£ 
cent vaulted Kitchen. The Middle 
Ward has sevend towers of great in- 
toKet : first on rt. ia the Gardener"! 
Toaar, with the new Li(m Gate, lead- 
ing io the gardens; beyond is the 
Ueeord^i'! Toaer, in which, in a cir- 
cnlai room, is the interesting Egyptian 
Miueum; lience a walk l<^s along 
top of the outer wuH ; a ecat in a uiclie 
formed by the Ravine Tower ia called 
Boftpm't Chair ; beyond is the pic- 
turesque Contl^ile'i ioieer wilh gableil 
turret, in upper storey of which ia an 
Armovry ; last on the wall is the Fos- 
lern Tower, beneath which is a curious 
vault with well preserved ribbed roof. 
The upper elorey contains the JUuMum, 
chiejig of BHlith and Boxaan Aidi^i- 



tie). From terrace below the Postern 
Tower is very beautiful view of the 
park, with the winding Aln; the 
Gardens occupy a slope of rising 
ground to S.E. of the Castle, and have 
large fountain at their foot. The 
ParJa, open lo the public Thursdays 
and Sundays, and almost always to 
strangere, well deserve a visit ; a drive 
of aMiut 6 m. will embrace all the 
chief objects of interest; WiUtamthe 
lAon'i Monmnent, near the Forest 
Lodge, marks spot where that king 
was taken prisoner. 1 ^ m. from Aln- 
wick, turning L towards the Deer 
Park, ia a Celtic Ciel consisting of four 
rude stones for the sides, with another 
above and below ; a beautiful wood- 
land drive ot 3 m. leads from the 
Forest Lodge to a high craggy terrace 
overlooking Vale of Whittingham to 
the Cheviots { from Bridee Toaer, 
close by, is a splendid view. Hence 
the 1^10 Drive leads to Stdne Abbey 

(3 m. from Alnwick), founded by 
William de Veaci 1240; it is tur- 
rounded by battlemented wall, entered 
by picturesque gateway. N. is the 
Ch., notable for its length and nar- 
rowness and retaining its sedilia and 
piscina ; on S.E. is vestry ; W. are the 
cloiators. E. of which is the Chapter 
"-—->: E. was the Refectory, with 
itury above it ; 8. the Guest 
bath-house, and detached 
lo tower on TV., built 1489 
by feir Henry Percy, 4tli Earl of 
Northumberland, has some fine tap(»- 
frfes from designs by Rubens. In 
returning, Almrick Abbey, fouuded 
1147, 1 m. from the town, may be 
visited : only the gate-tower remains, 
beautifully situated on edge of the 
park near the river. IJm.W., on hill- 
top, nro remains of Hor.n. Chapel of 
SI. Leonard (12th cent.) ; near is King 
JUaimlm'i Crott, whence a green road 
called the Denwick Drive leads by 
model village of Denwick to RaMeugb 
Crag, whence there is beautiful view 
over valley of the Aln on W., and the 
sea with its line of castles on E. 

Exeurnone. — 25niin. by rail toionj 
Doughlon, where the Cli. of St. Peter 
has a Saxon chancel arch and some 
early Norm, windows ; 1 m. N.E. is the 



ALSWICK—ALT&ISOHAM. 



fine Grecian luaDSion of Hoatick (EaA 
Grey), containiag goiuo mtereeting; 
pictures. A beautifully wooded ZJene 
leads fiom the Ijouse by Howiok Burn 
to the sea. nhere tiie vaveB rush 



■Bof 
long 
tonanla DtoMatiborougli, paBsiug 
I. Gra'fUr Toicer. 

(2) To EmbUUm (which see), nnd 
Danttatibonnigh Caiiie, by mil '"" 
min.) from Cliriston Bank titat. 

(3) To Chilliiigham, &c ; skirting 
1. Hulne Part is reached, at 7 m., 

Kicturesque village of EgliTtgham, bo- 
™ which is Kin-Mere, a luka of 10 
acres, witlieicellontpike-fishiiig; 2qi. 
furthec on. on 1., is modem KlizabeibuD 
mansioii of Sarehope, above which a 
path to a lio; cascade falling through 
□arrow gorge of rock ; 1 m. furtlier up 
the Bum, by path over brow of the hilt, 
is the precipitous cliff called Corbit 
Crag ; } m. rt. is the Blaiit Wairy, a 
henismaii's bouse on pile of tocks 
in moorland scenery resembling the 
Roman Campa^a ; I m. beyond Hare- 
hope, nearly under the Camp Hill at 
Old Betmck, is the very interesting 
Chapel of the Molg Trinilg. tlie apse 
probably Saxon ; the Norm. ch. dates 
probably &om aboutlllO; after tailing 
mto complete ruin, it was restored, 
1867 ; on N. of nave is recumbent 
figure under a Dec. canopy ; a beau- 
tifal foliated cross has been partly 
covered by the porch, which is later 
than other parts ; above the chapel, 
on BeaBick Hill, is large double horse- 
shoe camp, with some incised stones ; 
J m. H Haerup Bum is a smaller 
semicircular camp ; oii Be%eiclt Moor 
istheGi(<mne«' (robbers') Catte; 2i 
beyond Bewick is tJAiffingAam (see 
Woder). 

(i) To Whittingliam and CaUaly 
Qulie, &o. (see Bothbury, Wooler). 

(5) To BoUibaTy, about I Im., passing 
at 5 m. Ediingham CaitU, picturesqaeiy 
eiloated at head of a narrow valley; 
it has some interesting chimney-pieces, 
doorways, &c ; Ch. adjacent (Trans.- 
Norm.}, has tower fortified for protec- 
tion from the Scotch. 

(6) To bathing village of Alnmaulh, 
15 min. by rail (see WaThttorth'). 



(7) To WarTatortk CaiUe—vcTj In- 
terestiog — 13 min. by rail. 

Di'atonces.— Belfonl, by rail, 13 min. ; 
Horpeth, 23 min. 

Albestobd, see Winchaler. 

Althobp Park, see Northampton. 

Alton (Staff.), StaL, N. Staff. 
Bly. Innt: Sbrewsbuij Anus : White 
Hart A charming little village in 
a most romantic situation; on one 
side the deep valley of the Chnmet, 
on tbe other bank of wliirh is Altim 
Toteert, the superb seat of tbe Earl of 
Shrewsbury and Talbot. The bouse 
and gardens are open to visitors on 
special occasions; but oare should be 
taken not to go there on eicursion 
days, when tbe place is a perfect fair. 
Alton Towers, a modern (iothic man- 
sion, was erected by the 16th Earl of 
Shrewsbury (1830 ?), and stands on a 
fine rocky plateau overlooking the 
Chumet valley. The principal points 
— the eastern tower, the armoury, 
octagon, tbe Talbot galltry 'de- 
corated by i'lufi'ii), tlio consenatory, 
the transept gallery, Ihe cluipel, and 
the great dining-balL The gardait 
and conifer plantations, occupying a 
st«ep glen, are charming, both na- 
turijlv and artiScially.and ttie grounds 
are of great extent, one drive being 

Bee in tbe village the Hospital and 
E. C. Chapel of St. John, by Pugin; 
also the beautiful building which was 
intended for an asylmo for priests. 

ExcuTfioni. — Adjoining EU<ulo«, 
i m. E., is CaliBichAbbey (tamp. Jsb. I.), 
only a small fragment of which is pre- 
sowed. In tbe library. Dean of Yorir's, 
are many MSS. of Uandcl, who played 
on the orgsn hero. Athbourne (see) 
is distant i> m. from Alton ; also easily 
accessible by rail, vid Boceslei June. 

AUrlncliain (Cheshire), pro- 
noanced " Altringham." Stat. Gt. N. 
RIy., 198 m. from London, via Man- 
chester. Frequent trains daily to and 
from Manchester. Inni: Unicorn; 
Stamford Arms. A clean and cheerful 
town in close proximity to tbe beauti- 
ful and salubrious Bowdon Downs, 
and the woods of Dunham Massey. 
The Ch. at Boitdoa (Stat. 1 m.) isone 
of the fiinest in the county. It has 



10 



AMBEBLEY—AMBLESIIlE. 



been restored three times, and containB 
intpreeting monuments and Btaiiied 
glass windows. The neighbourhood 
abotmda in pleasant walks, such as to 
(a) Dunham Money, 1 m. (seat of Earl 
of Stamfoid and Warringlou), the 
chief beant; of irhich is the Park, 
famous for its oak trees and avenues 
of beeches. Outside the park is the 
beautiful Ch. of Dunham, built by the 
Earl at a cost of 20,0002. Adjoining 
th" park on W. ia the pretty village of 
BoUiTujtnn, on the bai^ks of the Bollin. 
(ft) To Raalherne, 3 m, crnasing the 
prett; streams of the BoUin and the 
Birkin. The vilkice lies 2 m. W. of 
AiUey Stat., the latter a good starting 
point for the valley of the Bollin, a 
stream dear (o Uie Cheshire angler for 
the size and flavour of its treat! The 
tourist should by all means visit here 
the beautiful Butlherae Mert, also the 
pretty little Ch., which overloota the 
lake, and con tains some most interesting 
and beautiful monuments, especially 
one by Westinacott to a member of the 
Egerton family, who was found dtad 
in her bed, aged 21. Taiicn Park 
(Lord Egertoo) is near the village 
(gardens odIt open to visitors at 2 
o'clock on Saturdays). From Boa- 
theme tlie visitor can either 
to Ashley Stat., or walk to £ 
across the Birkin and Boll in valleys — 
B, charming walk ; or proceed to ^nuta- 
/ord, i m., joining the turnpike road 
at, 1 m., Bucklmii Hill (Swan lanj. 
KniUi/ord iSoid: "Royal George) 
is the seat of the county gaol. Im- 
mediately on the outskirts of the town 
is tlie lodge-gate of Tatton. 

Aldm Bat, see Wight, I»U of. 

Alwinoton, see Bideford. 

Alwinton, see RolhbuTy. 

AuBCBLET (Qlouc), See Mitickin- 
hampion, 

Amberler (Sussex), Stat., L. 
B. & a 0. Rly. 1 m. E. are the re- 
mains of the Cattle built here by Bp. 
Ecde. temp. Rich. II. The castle 
formed a pamlleli^ram, having a 

Xnre tower at each corner, rising 
TO the walls, and two round towers 
(B.l flanking the gateway. The N. 
wall is the most perfect Un this : ' ' 
ffas the chapel, of which there 



indications. The ptesent 
dwelling in the npper or Gieen Court 
was built by Bp. Sherborne, 1508. 
The little Ch. of Amberley wiL b» 
found interesting. It has Norm, and 
E. E. portions. The S. door i« very 
rich E.E. 

Bignor is 3 m. W. of the stat at 
Amberley. (See C*icft«(ar.) 
Parham (Lord do la Zoucfae), 2 m. 
. of Amberley. is one of the moat 
interesting places in Sussex, but is 
closed (o public view. The bouse is 
Elizabethan, and lies in a fine old 
chase, full of the most picturesque 
scenery. The great interest of Par- 
ham, however. Ues in the collections 
of armour, MSS., earl^ prmted books, 
ancient gold and silver plate and 
metal woA. early enamels, carvings in 
ivory, &c. These collections are not 
generally shown, but (he rest of the 
house BJid its contents are usually 
made accaiixible to strangers with 
great liberality. The various rooms 
contain portraits of very high interest, 
and in the Gallery, 158 Ft. long, is a 
series of historicul family pictures, 
many of whii'h are carious. At the 
farther end of the gallery is the chapeL 
It contiiins some good wood-carving, 
and early stained glas. 

SturrlTtgUm. Ij m. E. of Farham, 
has a good Inn (White Horse), which 
will serve for the tourist's headquarters 
when exploring the line of the South 
Uowns between Midhurst W, and the 
Devil's Dyke E. Atvyidel is 4j m, 
distant by rail. 

AmbleHlde (Westmor.). The 
central position of this town— which 
was a Roman station — is convenient 
for making short tours, Irttti : Saluta- 
tion H.; Queen's H.; White Lion, 
There are also excellent lodging- 
houses. Otnni buses go iVequently 
every day to head of l.ake, 1 m., and 
Orafmere, 4 m., and several conches to 
WiadermeTe, 6 m., ond Ketaiek, 17 m, ; 
also daily lo CoiiMfon, 9 m.. and Pat' 
terdtde (Ullswater Lake). The walks 
are numerons and of great beauty : (a) 
To the New Ch. (St. Mary's) and 
back by -the Knoll" (Miss Martl- 
neau's), 1 m. Leaving the ch., follow 
the footpath through the fields lowatda 



AMBLESIDB-AMESSHAM. 



11 



Iioughrigg Bnnr, the conapiciunu 
mansion fonoerl; oocnpied b; tLie Bev. 
a D. Bell. (&> To Stoefc Gaytt Force, 
the fumed waterfall, a few hnndred 
jraxda onlf ffom the town, (c) Ascend 
ffbni/ell Pifte (about 2 trs-^i ro. 
there and back), commanding magnifi- 
cent views of Windermere, Conuton, 
Brilsl, Grasmeie, and Uorecambe Bay. 
Tna highest inliabited bouse in Eng- 
land, at lop of EirbBtODe Pass, ia also 
disliuolij' seen, {d) To Rydal, 3 m. bj 
Fox How (late VLn. Arnold's led- 
dence, widow of Dr. Arnold of Kogby) 
and Pelter Bridge, which croesea the 
Botha; — a charming excnwion. The 
Lakd^ is one of the gems of the dis- 
trict, and should be seen from its W. 
bank. Visit the Falls in the grounds 
of Rydal Hall (oCT>Iy to the ^rdener, 
who resides opp^wite llie entrance gate 
of the Hail). Bydal JXount, where the 
poet Wordsworth lived and died, stands 
a few yards above the ch. The gate 
is a little above the entruice to Kydal 
Halt on the 1. Tbe pretty ivy-covered 
cottuge (Nab Cottage) in thut part of 
the road which is close to the water, 
was once the residence of Hartley 
Coleridge, (e) Ascent of Loughrigg 
Fell, fiom either Clappersgalo, ^ " 
Gill, or Loughrigg Brow. The 
by the last-named. foUowing tbe path 
at tho rear of the mansion (see Excurs. 
o), ia the most direct. (/) To Lang- 
dale, a charming drive of about i" 
passing Clappeisgate, 1 m,~— i 
Bratbay Ch, on the opposite bank 
oftheBratbay; Skelmltk Brid^ 3 xa. 
—here bait at inn and visit with 
gnide Skehoilh Force, Leaviog tb 
bridge, Mltennaler Tarn is Been, an 
1 at. bryood the road to the it leads 
to Colewith Bridge. Here, at the 
Farm House, tbe visitor ehonld niako 
known his wiah to see CoUwUh For/^e. 
Little LaDgdale village and Tarn is 
now soon reached, and beyond the 
Tarn (which in nninteresting) the 
road skirts Lingmoor Feil, which repa- 
rates it from tbe valley of Great Lang- 
dale, and at the base of which, on W. 
or opposite side of the road, is 

Siea Tarn, 8 m. from Ambleside, 
the Bcene of the second book of Words- 
worth's ' Excunion.' The seclusion 



of this vale is complete: There is 
still "One bare dwelllDK : one abode, 
no more." 2|m. beyond, N., is Am^eon 
Ohylt (good Hotel), and I m. higher 
up the valley MiUbeck (new Dungeon 
Ghjll Bold), i m. bebind tbe hotel 
is the Full, which should ba visiUd 
whilst lunch is being prepared. From 
tbis point the excursion should be 
continued by High Close (the mansion 
of Wheatley Balme. Esq.) and B«d 
Bank to Qnumere, 6 m. The return 
drive may, however, be shortened about 
1 m. b; taking the direct road past 
Loughrigg Tarn, (g) Asoent of Joir- 
field {Bee Eiours. a, from Graimere.) 
(A) To FalUrdaU (iJllswaler Lake), by 
KLrkntone Pass, 3 m., thence 7 m. to 
Ullswater Hotel, on margin of Lake 
(see FaO^doU). 

Amertbani (Bucks.). Inn»: 
Qriffln; Crown; King's Arms. Plea- 
santly situate in the valley of the Mis- 
boume, 26 m. N.W. from London. Two 
coaches daily.durjng the summer, run' 
from the Old Bell, HoJbom, through 
Amersham. A railway is projected 
between Aylesbury and EickmMiH- 
worth, passing between Amersham 
and Chesham, 1} m. from each town, 
The Ch. has been restored in the 
interior, and eidarged ; the archi- 
tectare is noble and curious — well 
wortby inspection. There are amne fine 
monuments in the ch. and mortuary 
chapel attached. 

Attaohtd to tbe Ch. at Cheniet 
(b, vilhtge 4 m. E. of Amersbam, on 
the road to Bickmansworth, where 
there U a station of tbe L. & N. W. 
BIy.) is the Mortuury Chapel of the 
House of Russell. In it ace many 
monuments, memorials of tbe Russell 
family ;Dukes of Bedford, &c.), espe- 
cially thatof Iddy Rachel R.,widowof 
the patriot. Lord Wm. RnsseU. Near 
tbe ch. at Cheiiiesis a fine old Minor- 
hoase in excellent preservation. 

From Amereham to Cheekam, 3 m. 
N. (Inm : Crowu : George), a moat 

Sicturesque walk in tiie valley of the 
hess — a famous trout stream — by 
Latimeri (tbe seat of Lord Chrsham), 



the seat of the Drake family, in a fin< 



12 



AMLWCH— AMFTHILL. 



pool witli good pike fiiihing. A fine 
wallt may bo t^en thnnigli Shorde- 
loes Park, Xinenden. and Hampden 
House (the modemised residence of 
the patriot the ^mooa John Hampden, 
who is buiiod in the ch.) to Velvet 
Iawd, in tlie Chiltem Hilla, and 
Cbtqtten, centaioiag porttvits and 
other interestrng lelics of Oliver 
Cromwell and hie funity. Train from 
here via Kisborough to London. 

Walk from Ameraham to CcAediiU, 
1 ra. a, Waller's Oak (Poet WaUer), 
to iMlfont St. Gilei, 3 m. See cot- 
tage where Milton lived ; thence 
through Beaamifitld to High Wj/- 

Amesbdbt, see Saiitbttry. 

Amlwcll (Anglesey). 23} 
by rail from Bangor. A eteamei calls 
occasionally from Liverpool and Holy- 
head. JiHw: Castle; Dinorben Anna. 
A dirty though busy seaport ; a har- 
bour has been excavated in the solid 
rock, for use of the vuseels engaged 
the copper export; a breakwater baa 
also been addixl. 'liiera is a modem ch, 
built by the Mining Companies, and an 
excellent library and reading-room. At 
1 m. distant ia the new little watering- 
place of Ball Bay, with pure air and 
flne beaches, where is gc ' ' ' ' 
and batiiing establishment 

Eteuniont: — 

2} m. distant is the Pargi JHbiintotn, 
the highest hill in Anglesey, riddled 
and quanied by the works of the 
Copper Jfincs, once the most produc- 
tive in Britain, and source of tbo 



is obtained by drawing off the water 
saturated with copper, &om the moun- 
tain, and ovBpoistmg it and smelting 
the mad which remains. The proceM 
is worth seeing, A beautiful ramble, 
comprising the places of intwest on £. 
coast of Anglesey, may he made to 
Beaumaris, about 18 m. (see Beaa- 
marii). To Llanelian, 2 m. B. Ad- 
joining the ch, by a passage fiom the 
chancel is a small ohapel. It appears 
t« have been built as a cloister to Bl 
Elian ; it is called the " Myvyr," or a 
nlace of meditation. InthLi"Mynr" 
ere exists an old oaken box fixed to 



thewoU. The WeU of Mian, &jmt6r\j 
much visited by pilgrims, is now 
nearly dried up ; about ) m, from the 
Tillage is Point (Eliamu, or Lytiat, 
where are lighthouse end signal sla- . 
tioDS ; hence the tourist may return to 
Amlwch, or strike into the Beaumaris 
route at Uanvienllunifo, •> m. distant. 
A walk affording beautiful coast views, 
and aboanding in unusoal number of 
early stones and cromlechs, may bo 
mode to Cemaet, about 4 m. W. ; 
about I a. N. of which is Llanhadrig 
Oh. (said to hare been fomided by Bt. 
Patiick), on precipitous cliff over-' 
looking sea; not far from ch. is 
Vanueiatum (the Church of the Nuns), 
where are slight luinsofacbapcL From 
Cemaa it U about 2 m. S. to Zilan- 
feeKdl, a little village formerly im- 
portant from quarrying of a marble, 
resembling "verd antique," in its 
vicinity. Olaerve defensive character 
of Ch., with its rude Norman font, ita 
3-light E. windows, and a coCBd slab 
' .b floriated ilth-ccnt cross, 3 pil- 
s or meini hirion ; hence the tourist 
may return to Amlwch, about 4 m., by 
way of Bodewiyd. To Llanerckijmedd 
(see), 6i m. by rail, 7 m. by road, visit- 
ing on tbo way the f ar^ Mbantain 
and the Cbpper jtft'nei, about 2} m. S. 
of Amlwch. 

DManiKa.— Holyhead, 20 m. ; Llaa- 
gefhi, 13 m. by roeid, 13 m. rait; 
Qaerwen, 17 a. by road, 17} m, 
rail ; Henoi Bridge, 18 m. by rood. 
Ahfort, see Andoter. 
Ampttalll (Bedj.), Stet. Mid- 
land Bly. There is also a station 
(Millbrook) for Ampthill on N. W. RIy. 
but that is nearly 2 m. from the Ions. 
Inn*: Wliita Hart; King's Arms. 
This is an old-fashioned market-town. 
The points of interest are the ruins 
of the house of Hoaghion, and the 
very picturesque Park of Amplh^ 
IJm.&om station. Both will inttvduce 
the tourist to some of the pleasanteet 
scenery in Bedfordshire. 

A field-path close below the' ch. 
leads upwsiras to the ruins of the Old 
Hou$e of SotighUm, built by Inigo 
Jones, about 16^, for "Sidneys sister, 
Pembroke's mother." The plan is a 
paraUelocram, with square towers. 



AMPTBILL—AMWELL. 



13 



rising above the toofa, at the conwn. 
Thiee of the Tioats were richlj oraa- 
mented; the fourth wiu plain. The 
i^tnatioD of the house is one of great 
beanty; a long avenue flttetchea away 
&Dm the N. fiont, and the ground 
slopes rapidly towaid the great plai 
of the OuBe. 

Turning W. from the ruins, a path 
should be followed along the K. edge 
of tlie rising eround. Tliis path opens 

'o the public road from Ampthill ' 



The firat gate lesda into the p^A of 
AmpthiB, and netu it, on tlie edge 
of the road, is a mound vith a deep 
cireolar entrenchment planted with 
trees. The park is not largo, but is 
well timbert^ and the ground is 
varied and broken in a verj pictur- 
esque manner. Amptkill Houte (Lad; 
Wenaleydale) stands low, but is large 
and somewhat impoeii^. It was built 
in 1G94, by the first Lord Ashbum- 
ham ; was the reddenoe of Q. Ca- 
therine of Arragon from 1531-3, and 
in 181S descended to Lord Holland. 
In the gardens is a very fine avenue 
of lime trees. Following the principal 
drive, the site of the old CaiUe of 
AmpMU will appear 1., marked by 
a crosc^ erected oy Lord Ossoty in 
1773. 

Leaving the park hy the lodge, to 
which the drive which passes the 
cross leads direct, walk a short dia- 
t«iiee alrag the bigh road (turning 
L from the lodge), and passing through 
a gate opening to a flr plantation, 
follow the main path, nbich will bring 
yon out into the rood very near the 
railway station. The Ch. of HoughUm 
Conquettiaabonti m. distant from the 
Ampthill railway station, and deserves 

Saytms or Havmet Park (Rev. Lord 
JohnThynne), about Im. from Ampt- 
hill, stands in a park of 601) acres, 
abounding in One brees. The hou^e 
contains much to interest the artist 
and historian. A pleasant walic througli 
(he park leads to the Church of 
Uaynes, a small Early Dec building, 
which has been entirely restored since 
1850, and is well worth seeing. There 



is a beautiftd mortuary chapel of the 
Thynne family, designed Iw ScM. 

A drive of i m. from Uaynes, 8., 
bringa us to Cloptdil (3) m. K from 
Ampthill), about } m, to E. of which 
is CatOe Sill, probably an extensive 
Norm, fortification. The C%. of Jfaul- 
de». 2 m., and same disbinoe from the 
BlaUon at Ampthill, is good, and de- 
serves uotioe. It was rebuilt, with 
the exception of tUe W. tomer, in 
185S-9. In the ch.-yard U a mau- 
soleum erected by E, of Elgin, 1656. 

Amwell, Aretu (Herts.), 19 
m. from London by road, and IJ m. 8. 
by E. from the Ware Stat of the 
G. E, Bly. (Hertford Branch). It is 
beet reached, however, from the St. 
Margaret's Stat^ from nbicb it is 1 m. 
N. This is one of the prettiest vil- 
lages in Hertfordshire. It stands on 
the it. bank of the Lea, but separated 
from it by the Lea Navigation, the 
O. E. Bly., and the New Uiver, which 
here run side by side. 

From the bridge a patli post the 
George JV. — a country ion with a 
la^e ash-tree in front of it— leads to 
the picturesque ch.-yaTd, which affords 
from many points fine views across 
the valley of the Lea, and over Ware 
I'aik, though still finer are obtained 
from the bighei part of tlie hill. 

The resideoce, Ama^l Houee, of 
John Soott, the Quaker poet, is at 
Jmteell Eml, close to Wate. It is a 
large, comfortable, ISth-cent. red- 
brick bnilding. The famous grotto 
conatracted by Scott is, with a very 

Eretty fragment of the garden, rented 
y a nnrserymAn, who " provides tea 
in the grounds," and edmitB visitors 
to the grolto on payment of 6d. each. 
The grotto is really curious in its way, 
and perhaps tlie best preserveil speci- 
men of its class remaining. It is ex- 
cavated in the side of a chalk hill, 
and comprises 7 chsmhers, connected 
by subterraneotu passages, and veiv 
skilfully and ingeniously inluid with 
flints, shells, spar, and fossils. 

Littie Amwell (/r?u .- Townahend 
Arms ; College Arms) ia pleasantly 
aituatod on high ground, about 1 j m. 
S.W. of Great AmweU. but has iLHIo 
to atttaot the stranger. About i m. 



14 



ANDO VSR—ABMITA QE. 



8., by BeHford HeaO^, U Baile^ury 
CotUge, erected 18(?>; for the E. ladin 
CompoDy, and now a, proprietary col- 
lege. 

Andover (Hants). Stat, main 
line L. 4 S. W. Kly,, nearly 1 m. from 
the town; also June, with station in 
the tawri, for Bomae^ . Redbrldge, and 
Sonthampt'm. Jnas : Star ami Garter ; 
WMte Hart. The town and valleyoie 
well Been Irom Bary Hill, about 1) m. 
W,, creBted with an anuleut camp of 
unusnal size and importance. Notice 
the great depth of the fosse. A wide 
view is obtained N. of borders of Berks 
and Wilts: N.E., bilU about High- 
clere,EgbUTy, and Beacon Hill; dueW. 
is seen the remarkable entrenclimeot 
on Quoriey Hill; and S, (marked by a 
clump of &in), is the great camp of 
Dnnelmry. Under Buiy Hill, 8. W., liea 
Abbolt'i Ann, the ch. of which formerly 
belon(;ed to Hyde Abbey. Remains 
of a Homan villa (now in the British 
Museum) were dianovered at a spot 
iu the pariah known as Minster Field, 
Between the village and Andorer is 
Balkebary OT Folktbury. a large square 
entrenchment, adjoining the road on 
the rt., and well deSned. The arcbie- 
ologist will also fiud some distinct 
vestiges of an ancient boundary to the 
E. of Andovor, called the Devil's 
Djjke, a Hefenee, probably, of the 
heights between the rivers Anion and 
Test 3 m. W. is Weyhill, famoaa for 
its iincient &ir, for the sale, ohiefly, of 
sheep and liops. commencing annuall j 
10th October. 2 m. beyond is Thtttr- 
lon Church, in which are scane inte- 
resting monnments, aod a very fine 
brass of Sir John Lisle, especially 
worthy of nutice. A field path lends 
to AmpoTf, IJ m. S.E. Iq the Gh. 
(Bt. Mary), notice the arches support- 
ing the central tower; also the flam- 
boyant tracery of the chancel aide 
windows. A little farther on is 
Oraidey f^ioL 

AHOLEBEA Abbet, SCO CamWidgs. 

Anqlesga (Hants), see Forlmtimth. 

Ahotis Cove, see Jin-quay. 

Afbthobfb, see Otiiidle. 

Appleby (Westmorland), Stat., 
Midland Rly., via Settle and Car- 
lisle line; also 3S minutes by tail 



fmai Penrith. In7i$: "•TuftonArma; 
King's Head; Crown; Mitre, Is 
beautifully situated on I. bank of the 
Eden. 'I'he principal object of in- 
terest is the C'osfle, the first mention 
of which occurs in 1088, and now the 
property of Sir H. Tufton, Bart. It 
was one of the principal residences of 
Ann, Dowager-Counti^s of Pembroke, 
who repaired and partially rebuilt it 
aftor it was almost entirely demolished 
by CromweU. The Great Keep 
fNorm.), or Ctesar's Tower (So ft, high), 
IS seen on entering the lodge gates. 
The mansion contains some pictures 
of historical interest, inotnding one of 
the celehrated Countess of Pembroke. 
The Cli. (reatored) is in the Perp. 
style of 14th cent. Observe ancient 
piscina and fine altm tombs of the 
Countess of Pembroke and her mother. 



t. is Brovah 
Castle. The 



(prone BiuflT), Inn .- the C^tle. 
great horse and cattle fair is held, a 
30th Sept. and 1st Oct,, on a hill i m. 
from the town, which is pleasantly 
situated under the Hellbeok Fella. 
The Ca»0£, J m. from the town, is a 
grand ruin; the walls of the Great 
Keep are almost perfect. This was 
also the occasional residence of the 
C of Pembroke. In the Ch,, erected 
1513, are some carved oak pews. 
The stone pulpit bears date 1621, 
At Kit&ySteplien, St«t., ^ m. from 
Muagrave (Innt : "King's H^ ; 
Black ISuU), there is excellent trout 
fishing in the river Eden. The Ck.~a 
very old one — is well worth a visit. 
2 m. 8. is WhatUra Hall, the patri- 
monial seut of the accomplished and 
profligate Philip Duke ot Wharton. 
(1539), a consideralile portion of which 
remains. The remains of othet castles 
woith visiting are Iiammenidc, i m., 
and Fendragon, 3 m. from Wharton 
Hall, both hnely situated. 

Appledobe (Devon), see Bideford. 

Appledobe (Kent), see Sye. 

Ableset, see Biggleswade. 

ApmltaKe (titaff.), Stat. L. £ 
N. W, Rly., 4t m. from UolifieU, and 
121 m. from Stafford. The Ch., over- 
looking the Trent, has a good Norm, 
doorway with grotesque faces. On 
opposite bank is the Ch. of Mavayn 



ABNSIDE—ASCOT. 



IS 



Kidware with monnmentt to Sir Robert 
UalToisin and to the Chadwicka. Ex- 
ournon. — 3 m. W. to Bea^uUteH Horr], 
of Anglesey), one of the moet broken 
and pictnreAqne parks' m the king- 
dom. On the Castle Hill is a lai^e 
British camp. On the return to stut. 
the archieologiBt ehonld make a de'tonr 
of aboat it m., to churchea at Faraell 
and Longdon, 

A.mRlde (Lane), Stat, on Fat- 
ne>s Rly. : a pretty sheltered village 
overlooking Morecombe Bay. Two 
hoteU, besides lodgiDg-boDsea : also 
Bmall pier. Amtide Knot (522 ft.) is 
on 1. with Araeide Toieer, a barder 
stronghold, both commanding fine 
Tiewa. The district poiaesses mnoh 
interest fir the geologist and bi>l«maL 
The bathiDg and bo.iting are both 
good. Hovff Tarn, a smell lake to 
rt. of rlj., is said to contain immense 
quantities (rf pike. Excartion. — Grange 
(see), 21 m., on opposite aide of Kent 

Arbbtcin, aee Wight, Me of. 

Abthihotojt, B60 Leedt. 

Abthou, see Barmouth, 

Arandel (Sussex). Stat. L. B. 
k S. C. Rly. Inn: 'Norfolk Arena. 
The town consiata nf two steep stieets, 
mounting upward from the rivoiAnin 
to the CatOe ( Duke of Norfolk), which 
is invested with more than ordinary 
interest, from its history, its striking 
position, and ita owners. Citzalans and 
Howards. The inhabited portion is 
never shown. The Keeji ia open to 
the public on Mondays and Fridays, 
with card* of admission procured at 
the Norfolk Arms. The great Pari, 
with Homes lower, a belvedere, ' 
always accessible. Visitors to 1 
tteep must proceed to the principal 
entrance lodge at the top of the town. 
The rampftrta are gained by a winding 
staircase, and from them a good notion 
may be obtained of the strength and 
position of the castle, and of the keep 
itself. The viewa stret<Ji away on all 
sides and amply repay the trouble of 
climbing;. 

Tourists are supplied at the Nor- 
folk Arms with tidieta for seeing the 
PaiV^, about ^ m. from the town. It is 
not worth a special visit. The stran- 



ger willdo better to deTote his time to 
the Park, the soenery, as well as that 
of the adjoinin]< Downs, beinj^ full of 
beauty and deserving the meet careful 
exploration. A gate opeus into it a 
short distance beyond the dairy, and 
close to Swanboume lake. From the 
higher end of the lake is a fine view 
of the castle. 

The Parith Chtirclt of St. Nicholas, 
date ISSO, is scarcely less interesting 
than the castle, which it closely a<t 
joins, with its superb Arundel tombs. 
But unfortunately the public is no 
longer admitted lo see them. A brick 
wall built by ihe D of Norfolk shuts 
offtlie E. end from the reel of the Ch. 
the chapel of a college founded 
. Muater and 12 Canons." It is 
large and lofty, and has evidently 
of great maguiGcence. Hero 
'e interesting Gothic monuments 
of Fitznlans, Bark of Arundel ; many 
Howards are also buried here. In the 
nuve ia an ancient atone pulpit. N. of 
the collefie chapel ia the Lady cliapel, 
divided from it by three pointed 
arches. Adjoining the cli.-yd. are 
lins of the college buildings, 
originally a quadrangle, one side of 
which was farmed by the chapel. 
The principal gateway, at the S.E, 
anele, remains. 

The Parinh Cb. is surpassed in size 
and grandenr of design bv the modem 
Rom. Calluiic C\., erected for the Duke 
of Norfolk in the Dec. Gothic style by 
Mr. Hansom, inventor of the Hansom 
cab, at a coat of 100,0001, It well de- 
serves a vifit — proporlions, sculpture, 
organ, &c., all good. 

At the foot of the town are the 
fragments of the MitinonDieu, founded 
for 20 poor men by the builder of the 
churcli and college. 

An interesling excursion (about II 
m.) may be made crossing the country 
by Bignor [see Chichuter) to Pet- 
■KOTth (see). 

IAHUhaimpU»>, which hos now be- 
come a watering-place of some pre- 
tensions, lies about 4 m. B. of Arundel. 
It is accessible by rail via Ford 

Asapll, 8«.— See St. Asafk. 
' (Berks.), Stat, L. & S. W. 



ASEBOVRSE—ASHBY-DE-LA-ZOVCH. 



Bly., 29 in. fe>iii Waterloo. Also 

direct comiiliinicatioD by ntil v 

Alderebot (see FARNUORonaH). Ji 
Station Hotel. Tho Racean 



ir the 8l 



ItiB 






ia short of 2 m. by only BS yds. ' The 
laat IJm.ia culled the jdwioley Couiae. 
The rares tohe place early in June. 
Ascot Ueath (Royal Satel) contains 
many handsome modem resi ' 
Ch. in E. E. style, the Koyal 
some training establishmeiitB, and the 
extensive naraery ol Mesttrd. Standieh. 
To the (*.W. are the StBinley Woods, 
containing laanyfern}' gladoa aiirt fine 
old oake. SicinUy Paddock» are a pre- 
serve of deer for Wiadsor Great Park. 
2 m. nearer London, and between 
Ascot and Virginia Water Stats., ij 
SunningdaU (Stat.), which akmnds 
in beautiful ecenery. 1 m. W. is f 
niaghilt, where there ia a BJiiall 
(WelU Hold), once very celebrated for 
the two chalybeate springs, ivhich still 
remain ia its old-fashioned garden. 
Tn theVicar^e garden are three trees, 

K" ,nted by Bmke, Choatertield, and 
lingbtote respectively. At Bun- 
nii^hiU, Walter Scott visited Can- 
ning's friend George Ellis, and " Mr. 
ana Mrs. Ellis heard the first two or 
three cantos of the nnpubliahed 'lay 
of the Last Minstrel,' under an old 
oak in Windsor Forest." A very 
little distance N.W, ia Binfield. the 
early home of Pope. The Ci. (ajmost 
rebuilt) has a handsome carved oak 
palpit and a curious hour-glass stand, 
I) m. from tho ch. is a grove of beech 
trees, a very favourite resort of the poet. 

Ash, see Famborough. 

Ajsnboume (Oerby.l, Stat, N. 
Staff. Rly. : 13 m. from Verby ; 35 m. 
from Macclesfield : and 11 m. from 
Uttoxeter. Inn .- Green Mao. A very 
prettily-situated town overlooking 
the vallev of, and 1} m. from, the 
Dove, and a good place whence to 
explore Vovedale (sec). The Ch., 
built 1190 (E. E., with later addi- 
tions), is cruciform, and has only a S. 
aisle. From the centre rises a tower, 
and fine octagontU spire, 212 tt. high. 
Of the MimameHU, notice CBpeoially 
the sculptured figure, by Banks, of 
Penelope, daughter of Sir Brooke 



Boothby, and the melanoholy inscrip- 
tion. The QramaiaT School is of IGtb 
cent., and tho Almihoueet of ]7th cent. 
Aehbouriie JJaU '.R. Frank, Esq.) waa 
tlie lieadqnartels of Prince Uharles 
during his visit in 1745, Good trout 
and grayling iishing here and at llam 
(Izaak Walton Hotel), 5 m. AUon 
Tomen is 9 ni. distemt (see Altan). 
TisHn^ion villnge, 4 m. N. of Ash- 
bourne Stat., is Doted for its five 
springs ; and the ancient custom of 
dressing these with flowers on Holy 
Thursday, called '^ Floralia," or the 
" Well Dreitiing," still prevails. The 
Hall, (SirWni. Fitzbet&ert,Bt.)haa a 
splendid chimney-piece ; and the Ch. 
(Norm.) has monuments to the Filz- 



Midl. Rly. (Inn*.- 

•Royal Hotel : Queen's Head)— ia an 
old and interesting town, dependent 
on tho neighbouring coalfield. The 
Cattle, the locale of 'Ivanhoe,' to the 
a of the town, waa built by Lord 
Hastings, cbamberluin to Edw. IV. 
The pnncipal parts are the tower, to 
the K. of which is the courtyard, the 
roofless chapel, the great hall, and the 
kitchen tower. There is a triangular 
hnilding, called the Mount house. 
The Ch. (Perp.) contaliw a fine carved 
screen, separating nave from chancel. 
MonumenU — (a) Lady Catherine 
Hastings, I6th cent.: fli) 2nd E. of 
HuntLn|;don and his wile, ISIil ; (e) 
a pilgrim, of 15tli cent. ; (d> bust of 
Mrs. Mai^ry Wright, 1623, very 
luaint See also the finger piliory, for 
hose who were disorderly in church. 
Cloeeto the Royal Hotel are the Jmn- 



repute in scrofula, dyspepsia, &c. The 
~~"ieof the tonmamenC in 'Ivauhoe' 
IS a plain I m. W. of the town. 

Excunions.—i m. B. to Coleorton 
HaU (Sir Q. Beaumont, Bt.). Hie 
house contains good paintings (not 
shown), bnt the gardens ore shown 
between 10 and 5 o'clock, on Monday 
and Thursday. A gardener must ac- 
company the party, and application 



ASHBY-DE-LA-ZOUCS—MHTOX-VNDES-LrHE. 



17 



must be made at tlie bead gardener's. 
There are memorials to Beamoout, tlie 
dramatist, and Sir J. Bejuolds. aod 
the view from the terrace extends to 
Belvoir Caatle, 30 miles. As there is 
much to eee in the neighbonrliood of 
the tumpike road, the tourist ii re- 
commenaed to drive between Ashbf 
and Leicaler (18 m.), petssing, after 
croasiag Culeorton Moor, WhUxoiek, 
5\ m., where a remarkable bed of 
vhiutitane or greenstone intervenes 
between the coaL measures nnd the 
new red sandstone. The Ch. (restored) 
is a fine building of various dates. 
Observe mutilated figure on allar-tomb, 
said to be ia memory of Sir J. Talbot, 
a jtaa at gigantic stature. It m. N., 
on Loughboro' rned, Is Grace Diea 
Manor (A. L, Phtllipps de Lisle. 
Esq.). The B. C. cbai>el contains 2 
beautiful stained glass windows. The 
Bcantj but pioturesquo ruins of the old 
Nunnery, tbunded 1236-42, by Lady 
JCoeaia do Verdou. and suppressed 
IS39, are a short distance from the 
mansion. Here Beaomont, the col- 
league of Fletcher, was born, ISSti. 
In the Ch. at BeUon, 2 m. N., is the 
tomb and recumbent efflgy of the 
Lady Boesia. 1 m. E. of Wliitwick 
is the Abbey of Mount St. Bernard 
(see also Bardon HUl), the first abbey 
complel«d by the Roman Catholics in 
En^^and since the Eefonnation. The 
grounds, &a., are open to all, and 
well worth a visit. The Forest Book 
Hotel, affording fair accommodation 
for visitors, is close at liand. 1 m, E. 
of the monastery is Oaks Chapel, com- 
monly known as Waterloo Church. 
Betuming to main road, at H m. from 
Wbitwick, is the site of tlie famous 
Copt OaJc (now marked by 
modem ch.), where the Forest Courts 
were held. 1 m. E., away from the 
high road, are tbe very pictuic«que 
lemaiofl of Ulcareero/t Priory (see £ei- 
eeiter). .^i m. N. is 3lMnlon Harold 
(Earl Ferrersl. See eapccially, fcimily 
portrait by Vandepietf, and painted 
ceiling of ball-room ; also the old 
gates. Tbe Ck. ia remarkable as one 
of the Tcry few built in the days of 
the Commonwealth. Notice interior 
of, and inscription cm, the tower ; also 



carred panelling and military relics 
in ch. 1) m. beyond N.E. ere tho 
earthworks called Breedon Bulwarki. 
The Ch. at Breedou is picturesquely 
situated on a rocky eminence, and «ni' 



) fine 



of t 



Shirleya, and a curious oak paw. 

AHtafOra (Derby.), 2 m. from 
Bakewell Stat, Midi. Rly. (Inn.- 
Devonshire Arms), is a very pretty vil- 
lage, celebrated for its maiile uorfci. 
Tbe Ch. has ou 8. wall an efOgy of a 
wolf and wild boar, and on inscription. 
.i»/i/or(iflaU(ljordGeorge Cavendish). 

Excartion».—li ro. on Tideswell 
road, where there is a superb and sud- 
den view into Moaral Dale and Cl«M- 
brook Dale, Ihe Wye flowing in a 
deep ravine under Fin Cop and Brush- 
field Hough. From Monsal Dale, 
wulk to village of Taddirtgton (S m. 
from Bakewell), which overlooks a fine 
reach of Vnlo of Wye. The archte- 
ologist ahonld turn aside to Ghelmorloa 
Chardi, which has a dwarf stone cban- 
eel screen. A little farther on is the 
beautiful valley called Aehmnod DaU. 
From Bakewell to Buxton (see), along 
the. Wye, is 12 m., a charming eicur- 

Abklby, see Altri«chiaa. 
ASHOPTON, see Halhertage and SM' 
jlM. 
Aitbton - under - Iryne 

(Lanes.)— 3 Stats., L. 4 N. W, ; Midi. ; 
and Manch., Sheff. & Line, itiys. 
(Park Parade); Lane. & York. Klv. 
(Charlestown) ; Oldham Branch (Old- 
ham-road). Imt: Old Boar's Head, 
Post Office in Uarket-avenue— is one 
of the busiest as well as one of the 
oldest Lancashire towns, having been 
the manor of the Asdieton family 
since Edw. lU. The manor now be- 
longs to the Earl of Stamford and 
Warrington. Several curious customs 
have descended to the present day, 
such as " riding the black lad " on 
Easter Monday, in commemoration of 
Bir Ralph Assneton, who was a noted 
tyrant. In the Ch., which has been 
much altered and modernised, are 
effigies of the Asshelon family, some 
tabernacle work, and old Bti>iiied glass. 
Near the ch. is the Mamr Hail (a 
residence of E, of Stamford), a loir 



IS 



ATTLEBOBODGH—AXMINHTES. 



two-etureyod building, with loiiod 
towers at tho cometa, Hupposed to 
occupy the sit« of a, fort of tlio King 
of Nortljumbria. Artjoiaing it is the 
■ Duiujeon, covered with ivy, Tbe field 
opposite, crossed by the railway, waa 
caUed tho Oalloait Meadrm:, and wag 
tlie place where the lords hung re- 
fraekiry vassals. Cotton spinning is 
the principal trade of Ashlon; and tbe 
visitor should see tlie lahraiy and 
Baihe, erected by tho owners of tbe 
Oxford Mills, 1 at. from Ashton. on 
the Mottram road, is SUiieybridge, a 
bnay cotton town (inn: Castle). 

AflHEBST, SCO IVinSnV/ge WdU. 

AsHwooD Dale, see vJsJi/cwd (Derby). 

Abkkioc, see NurthaUertim. 

ASPLEY G uiSE, see Wobum. 

Aston, see BiTtaiiigham. 

Athelnev, see Bridnicaler. 

Atuebington. see ^Winj/ton. 

Attleboroairh ( Norfolk ), 
Stat, G. E. Bly., 16 m. from Norwich. 
Inn : Tillutt's, near the stat. This 
is ouo of tbe few places in Norfolk 
of wbioli the termination (borough, 
burgb) indicates that thesite was at a 
very early period rendered defensible. 
A college of the Holy Cross was osta- 
bUshed hero (1387— H05), but none 
of the collegiate buildings reraaiD. 
The Ch. is fine and interesting, and 
well deserves notice. The nave is 
lofty, and tlie simple and well de- 
signed open roof should be remarked. 
The carved pulpit was biousht from 
a London church. Al the W. end of 
tho nave Is tho fine rood-tareen, re- 
moved from its proper place in 1845. 
Outside the ch. remark the fine com- 
liositjon of the N, porch, witli its por- 
vlso chamber. At Neu! Bunl 



E.) ( 



a of I 



is a boro, supposed to be the Norm, 
chapel of St. Mary, still nearly per- 
fect, and cased with brick. The Ch. 
(Perp.) deserves notice. At Old 
Buek^thant (3 m. from Attleborougb) 
are some very scanty traces of nn 
Augustioian priory, founded by Wil- 
liam d'Albini, before 1156, ou the site 
of a eastle which was destroyed. 
On bis way (1 m.) to the Buckon- 



bams, the visitor will cross Dunn's 
Bank, a bank and ditch which ex- 
tended across the elevated ground be- 



: MarS/oroagh, 

AvEviNG, see Minchinhampton. 

AvETOH GiFFABD, Bee Kiogihridge. 

AviNQTON (Berks.), see Newburi/. 

AwLTscouDE, see Soniton. 

Axbrldg**! (Somerset.). Stat 
G. W. Rly. (Cheddar VaUey Branch). 
Inn; Lamb. This is a very ancient 
little lown, still possessing a corpora- 
tion, and holding charters renewed by 
different kings from Edward the Con- 
fessor to James I. (now lost). It is 
tlie central depfit for the agricultural 
produce of the Cheddar Valley. The 
Ch. is a large handsome cruciform 
building, with good lower and pierced 
parapet. A ourious wooden roof, 
adorned with huge pendants, bears 
date 1636. 

Cheddar {Stat, li m.) is famous for 
its neighbouring cliffs and careme, 
(See Cheddar.-) 

AxE Edge, see JSacdeiJidd and 
£uxton, 

Altiulll8f«r (Devon.), Slat., 
L. and a "W, Rly. (145 m, from Lon- 
don), for Lyme Regit (5 m.) and 
ChormouUr (BeeLt/me lUgii). An om- 
nibus runs three times daily between 
tlieatation andLyme Regis and a spring 
van once daily to Charmouth, Tho 
town (Iniw; George; Old Bell^ is 
seated on an eminence above the river 
Axe in a very pretty country. Onca 
colebmtmt fur its carpets, but the ma- 
nufacture is now removed to WOton. 
It prohijjly occupies the site of a 
British atroughold. Tho Miiuter Is 
the only interesting feature of the 
town. It was founded portly in the 
time of Athelstane, but tiie most an- 
cient part existing is a Norm, arch at 
E, end of S. aisle. Tbe building now 
exhibits 3 styles of Pointed architec- 
ture. See on each side of chancel a 
painted effigy, IStli cent. Excureioius 
should be made to Ford Abbey (see 
Chard), 7 m.; Cli. of Uplpite, 4 m. 
(tbe omnibus posses it on ttie road to 
Lyme Regis), beautifully situated in a 
laiid-lccked valley, immediately within 



A YLESBVnY—A YLSHAM. 



19 



Hie range of cli&'s; MtuJurn (jh. aud 
llill, 3 m. S. ; theocc, 3 m., to Sealoii 
or Axmotith, see Lyme ltegi». 
ArcLiFPB, see Darlinglim. 
Aylesbury (BudteO^ ^^i; 42) 
m. from BuBton Sqoaie (change at 
CbeddJDgkiii June), and 49J m. from 
Paddington. Inrte : Cr«wn ; Guorgu. 
Thifl is uBUflJly considered the county 
tomi, the BssizeB and qnaiter seeeioDS 
being now held hero instead of at 
BucMDgbain. It standa on high 
gronad, an outlying masa of oolite, 
whibt the Vale of AyUebary owee ita 
fertility to the Kimmeridge olay. A 
large buainess is done here in straw- 
plaitiug, and in the Bolo of ducklings, 
which are reared and sent to Lod£id 
in enormous numbers. 

The Ch. of St. Mary ia a lino E. E. 
structure (c. 12S0). nitli numerous al- 
terations and additiona, and having a 
beautifully restored chancel and a 
curious sacristy. A short 2 m. from 
the town, on the Thame road, is Hart- 
vM House (not shown). The museum 
formed by the late onuer (Dr. Lee, d. 
18GG) contains a fine collection of 
local fossils, some Egyptian antiqui- 
ties, old MSS., &c. ^utwell waa the 
abode (1810-14) of the exiled Louis 
XVIELaadtheDuchessd'AngoulSme, 
the "Child of tho Temple." IJm. 
further W, is Uinfcn. Notice carious 
sculpture in the tympanum of 3. door- 
way. 

Ay Islutiii (NorfoUi). Innn : 
Black Boys; Di^. This town stands 
in ■ rich, pleasant, and well-wooded 
conntry, callod the " Oarden of Nor- 
Mk," about midway between Norwich 
and Cromer. It is situated on tbo 
river Bure. The proportions of tho 
Gh, (restored) are unusually good. 
The font is fine, and has been re- 
stored. The pulpit is Jacobean. 

An intorestiog excursion (about 
7 m.) may be made to the churooes of 
Caaitoti and SaUe (pronounced laul), 
returning by BUckUny. 

Caattaa CL m a verr fine Perp. 
building, on no accoun t to be neglected 
by the antiquary. A fine Perp. arch 
opens to the tower, the lowest story 
of vhich forms a gallery, open to the 
ohnrch. Scooe of the old bench-ends 



remain. a.Dd are *ery good; bat the 
glory of the nave is ite magnificent 
open roof, one of the finest of its data 
in Kugtand. The scrolLi and other 
patterns painted on tlio scr«en de- 
serve notice. On the exterior, remark 
the gurgoyles and parapet, the but- 
trcBBea of panelled Hint, the sanctus- 
bell on the E. gable of the nave, and 
the massive tower with its fine but- 
tresses. 

Salle Cli., standing on hi^h ground, 
and commandiDg a wide view, is an- 
other fine Norfolk Ch., Perp, thtough- 
ont Observe the open wood roof, 
with bosses, anil stalls and misereres, 
well carved, in the cbancel. The /out, 
on which are the 7 aacramunta, haa 
a lofty and light cover. Without, re- 
mark the termination of the buttrossea , 
the N. and S. porches, and tUe lofty 
tower, with fine portal, and enriched 
parapet. 

Both of these churches are excellent 
examples of Norfolk Perp.. with noble 
roofe, peculiar lower galleries, imd 
njucb heraldic stonework. 

BlicMing Halt (Marquia of Lothian), 
one of the finest old brick mansions in 
the country, for the most part dating 
from the reign of James I. It posses^ea 
a special interest as having been an- 
ciently the seat of the Bolejns, and, it 
is supposed, the birthplace of Anne 
Boleyn. Bxtematly, it preserves its 
ancient character unchanged. It is 
mouted, and encloses a double quad- 
rangle. There are numerous project- 
ing oriel windows, and pointed gables, 
with a central porch in the pnncipol 
front Tho hall and grand ataircaae 
k are of large dimensions. Tho 
tibraiy, a beautiful room, contains an 
unuBueJlv valuable collection of about 
10,000 volumes. The Park, well timb- 
ered, with the grounda and gardens, 
containa 1000 acres, including a sheet 
of water nearly a mile long, and 400 
yards broad. 

" 'aianctl. — Cromer, 10 J m. ; Erpiug' 

. Ch. (worth a visit), 31 m.;Gunton 
Hall (Lord Suffleld), 5 m. ; Bammg- 
ham Hall, 5 m., a. good example of 
Early 17-cent. architecture. In the 
ch. are some handsome monuments to 
Palgrave family; Noncieh, 12 m. 



so 



BACUP—BALA. 



Atsoabtu, 86e Norihalterlon. 

Babbacwmse, see Torqiiay. 

Bacton, see VPalthan, NmHt. 

ttacnp (Lane.)— Stat,, L. & Y. 
Ely. (no good Inn) — is a manufactur- 
iug town wjmewJjat noted for Its co- 

Tmtiie cotton factories in the heart 
the district knonti a« Jtottendale 
Forett, the open, breezy oioars of 
which are very pleasant. The pedes- 
trian should valk (no conveyance) to 
Buraley, 7 m., poEBUig on hifl close to 
Bacup a lai^ earthwork called The 
Dikee, 1810 ft. long, and supposed io 
have been Daniab, At the bead at 
the valley is the source of the IraeU. 

Badger, see BridgiwIA. 

Badminton, see Chipping Sodbvrs. 

Babsev, see Umiham. 
Baliewell (Derby.), Stat., Mid. 
BIy., for Eaddon Hall, 1 m,, and 
Cliatgia/rthjim, inn : Buttand Arms 
H. Excellent fishing for grayling 
and trout ; tickets obfained at the 
ion. A amall town, beautifully situ- 
ated on the rt. bank of the IVye and 
on dopes of a wooded hill. Thi ^ 
has an octagonal tower and spire. 
Norm. detulB at the W. end, vi_ , 
triple recessed doorway vrtth figores 
and an arcade with zigzag work. The 
chancel and S. transept are E.E. Mo- 
namenU: (a) io Sir J. Veinon, H77; 
(b> i« the Manners family ; («) Sir G, 
VemoQ and his two wives ; ^) to his 
daughter Dorothy and Sir J.Maoners, 
with whom she eloped ftom Haddon ; 
(e) to Sir G. Manners, their son, 1623 . 
(/) an effigy of Sir T. Wendesley 
killed at Shrewsbury 1403: (ff) muni 
monument to Sir G. Foljambe end bis 
wife, 1385. 

JSicum'oTM.— To Eaddon Hall 1 
and Cbatsworth 4 m. To the sou 
of the LathlnU, in a cavern opposite 
Parson's Tor. 5 m. 

Bala (UerioneUi.), Stat. G. W. 
Bly. viB. Budbon, on the Branch from 
Llangollen toDolgelley. Jnn»; *P1bb- 
COchH.; White Eon H.; Bull. The 
town, supposed to have been a Konian 
station, is situated close to the outlet of 
tho Dee from Bala lake — the largest 
Wales — about 4 m. by } m. ; the walk 
round the lake, however, via Llanutcch- 
''.yn Cli. and rallwuy siatio;i, is about 



12 m. The most bc&utiful views of 
the lake are from the Mallwyd road, 
~ie £. border: the louriat should 
also ascend one of the neighbouring 
tuountaioB for a view of Bala. The 
geology of the district is very interest- 
ing. 

Excitnioni.— To DolfjeOey, 19 m. 
(J hr. by railway) ; at 2^ m. is Llati-y- 
Cil ; 2^ m. beyond wbicb tbo river Lla- 
ikr is crossed at Glart-y-Llya, to rt. 
of which the Areiiig towers up to the 
height of 2809 ft. . The ch. tower on 
other side of the lake is that of Uan- 
gouier; H m. IHirther on, on rt^ is 
Caer Gai, supposed to have been a 
Boman fort : I m. finther on, on I., is 
village of iXanuiechUyn (Slat.), in 
Ck. of which is monument of a knight 
who had to protect tho judges in their 
aasize journeys. From this point tlie 
tourist may divei^e by road on W. of 
tho lake, which leads to Dinua Mow- 
ddwy and Mallwyd by tbe mountain 
pass Bwlcli-y-Groea, "pass of tho 
Cross," and Uirough the wild heights 
of tbe Aran range. From same point 
may also be caBily visited tbe scanty 
ruins of CastcU Csm Dochan, on a 
bill, with good view, of same name, 
lower down which ia the Castell Com 
Dochan gold mine. FromLlanuwchlyn 
Btat. the railroad gradually aseeuda 
valley of the Dyfrdiey, which risee near 
summit of Aran Banllyn, wb[ch wilh 
the still loftier Aran Mowddwy rises 
1. to 2955 ft. At 2J m. beyond Llan- 
uwchllyn, after a tedious ascent, the 
valley of the Wnion is entered, and 
Cader Idris is seen in the distance. 
8 m. further on, on I., ia Doleran, 
and on rt. Xaiaum Port, the beau- 
tit\il demesne of J. Vnugban, Esq. 
2 m. further on is Dolgelley (which 

6. To £(anriaiair-wn-JtfDcAaii(, about 
18 m. 

Crossing Dee at head of lake, and 
leaving rt, CatleU Gronw, an ancient 
British fort, at 2 m. tbe Himant is 
crossed. From this point the tourist 
may diverge by a bridle imd wliich 
travoraes the dingle to the head of the 
Himant and crosses the wateished to 
the valley of the Fyruwy, paasing at 
1 m. Plat Bhiicaediy, near which VTOi 



BALA—BAMBOBOVGH. 



21 



ibogbt a battle between tbe Britons 
and Saxons. 2 lu. bcj'ond this is 
Aberhiinanl (H. Eichfidson, Esq.), 
above vbich riaea a etecp isnge of 
preeipices called Craig-moel-y-dina8. 
Beturning to main route, at 2 m. 
beyond point nliere Himant is croBecd, 
near Poat CaUtticr, tbe road ascends 
the wild rangea of the Berwyns, pnst- 
iog 2 a. fuctber on road 1. to Llan- 
driUo (see Corwen) — 2 m. bej'ond 
which point it enters on the Hiltir- 
gerig, " tbe stony mile ; " 4 m. fnrtber 
on ia reached the bcantiful villas of 
Uangijnaog, in neighbourhood of which 
are serentl lead minea. The tourist 
should not omit to visit from here Pea- 
(idnf MelangeU. 2} m. distant, in the 
sinfcular Ch. of which is carred wood- 
work ropresontitig legend of St. Mona- 
celltt. From Lbogynnog the rotui 
follows rt. bank of the Tanat. and 
passing st 2 m. a picturesque defile, 
soon after ctossps river at PenuftoiiJ, 
whence it is about 3 m. to Llan- 
rliaiadr. 

To Dinof Mowddwn, about 16 m., 
thrm^h wild and magnificent oonntry. 
At about 3 m. S.W. is Llangower, on 
E. shore of Bala lake : close hj is an 
erect stone. Tbe load soon after 
enters valley of tbe Twrch, and pass- 
ing on rt. Aran Benllyn and Aran 
Mowddwy, proceeds by Llan-y-Mow- 
ddwy and valley of the Dyfl lo Dinaa 
Mowddwy (which see). The excur- 
sion may be continued 2 m. further to 
pretty vilhige of Mallwvd. 

To the Areniyt and Arenig JAm». 
At about 7 m. N.W. is reached mud- 
y^Fen, where is small roadside pnblic- 
honse. Immediately overhanging rond 
is the loHy ArenigVach; nnder the 

{recipices of the N. eecarpment lies 
iyn Arenig Vach, wliicn, with 
Blight breeze, affords veiy flne spoi 
2 m. S. of Bhyd-y-fen is Arenig Pat. 
(2809 ft.), wliich with the Aronig Vaoh 
forms one of the finest groaps 
Wales. From summit is magniQcent 
view of Bala district and hills around 
Dinna Uowddwy and Mallwyd. At 
N.W. foot of the mountain lies lAyn 
Arenig Vaar, a deep pool with fine 
tront but very shy ; from the tna the 
tourist may also take a mountain tond 



to liyn TrgUKTgn (fishing poor), or 
continue by ratd, 13 m., to J^edfniog, 
"i m. beyond which again is Tan-y- 

lujleh. To Coneen, by direct road 
12 m., or by Vale of Edeyrnion, 



Ely., 4 m. E. of Belford, and about 
equidistant from Berwick and Aln- 
wick. JntM : *Crewe Arms ; OMtle. 
E. of the village ia Bamborough Cattle, 
dating originally from 550, splendidly 
situated on triangular rock overlook- 
ing sea. The main entrance is a 
gateway, flanked by two towers. Od 
N. side of the inner bailey is the 
Seep, a massive aquaro tower probably 
begun temp. Bufiis : inside is the 
mouth of the very ancient draw-well. 
145 ft. deep in tlie solid rock; a room 
on the 1st floor, called the CauW-rooni, 
has some tapestry, portraits, and cn- 
rious old prints ; in adjoining ap«rt- 
mont are preserved some weapons ; on 
2nd floor is the library founded by 
Archdeacon Sharp, 177S, containing 
interesting pamphlets and curioaities ; 
the passages in upper part of the keep 
are in the thickness of tbe wall ; from 
the windows is wide and remarkable - 
view. At B.E. angle of the outworks 
are remains of St. Peter's ClMipd. dis- 
covered 1773 : the chancel. 36 ft. long 
and 20 broad, ends in semicircular 
apse, in centre of wliich stood the 
altar. Rt of the Castle Garden is 
the Gh; dedioaled to SL Aidan, a 
fine cruiafonu edifice, with W. tewer 
opening on nave and aisle by 3 
arches; a monument by Chantrey 
commemorates the Sharp family; the 
B. E. chancel is of unusual length 
and beauty, and is surrounded by 
arcade of lancet arches, with trefoiled 
stained-glass windows ; on either side 
altar is a piscina; there are alao 3 
sedilia and crosS'leggod efflgy called 
Sir Lancelot du Lake; in S. wall it a 
remarkable hagioscope ; in the chan- 
cel, fitted up with oak stall-work, is 
monument erected by T^y Crewe to 
her brothers; beneath is an £. E. 
! crypt, con»stins of 2 chnmbers, the 



BAMBOROVGH. 



first highly fluifibed with groined rooF, 
and 2 pointed niudons at E. end; on 
B, mdo atone shelf are coffins of the 
Forstor family; in cft.-yd. should be 
noticed the beautiful monument to 
Groce Darling. Near entrance of the 
village from Belford traces of the 
Au^^tine Friary may be eeeu in a 
ruined wall. A pleasant walk may 
be taken N.W. of the village, by as- 
cending tho wild and rocky Bjidle 
Situ, whence there 'ia fine view of 
the castle, with the Fame Islands 
behind ; beyond the hills are Warri- 
ham Plais, or Bitdie Bay, running 
2t m. inland. Descending to the 
shore, tie pcdoatrian may return io 
the village by tlie NorOt Bockt, along 
the sandhilk, obtaining a aplendid 
view of the castie. 3 m. S.W. of Bara- 
borongb, near a &rm called " Glower 
<ieT him," are the beautiful Spin^e- 



. 1 hiU t . 
both of a Homan and Daniah camp. 
Abont 3 m. S.W. of the hill is Tvnzell 
Sotue (P. I. Selby, Ee^.), where is 
fine omitbalogical collection, especially 
rich in the local sea-birds; in the 
grounds Uie little river Waren flows 
Uirough a beautiful miniature but 
rooky dene. 

Excartiora may also be made &om 
Bamborough (1) to tlie Fame JiIutuIi 
(2) to Holy Jjtond. (1) The exonr- 
iion may be made either from North 
8u3iderutnd, about 4 m. S.E. of Barn- 
borough, or from MoiHuhotiee (halfway 
between Bamborough and N. Sunder- 
land), an inn much freqaent«d by 
artists and fiBbenuen, To visit all 
the islands, a pass mnst be procured 
at the castle ; a boat thither costs 1CI<_ 
and the boatmen expect to be fed 
during the day. The excursion should 
only be made in settled weatlier, or 
visitors may be detained on the islands, 
IJ a. ftmn the mainland, and sepa- 
rated from it by the Faineay, is the 
largest iidand, called Houee Itland, 
containing about IC acres; on the E. 
it luis precipitous basalt cliffs ; on "W. 
it is open to the sea ; the landing- 
place is in a small bay on N.E. of tbe 
island; close by aie a chapel, a tower, 
and a few scattered gravestones, with 
^ stone coffin. The rude and primi- 



tive Chapel ia said to occupy site 
of the oratory of St Cuthbort ; it is 
probably 700 years old ; the interior 
was fitted up by Archdeacon Thorpe. 
iSiit. The square buildiog close bj 
it is called Prior dwteWs Towkt 
(15th cent); beyond is a chasm in the 
rock called St. CuOiberft Gut, and 
further still the Chum, through which 
the sea sometimes roars up 90 ft 
There are 2 lighthouses on this island. 
The plantcalled "Wilches* Thimbles" 
{SHene maritima) appears to be the 
solelivingthing whicliflourishes. Just 
beyond the House Island are the Eatl 
and Wetl Wid^-openg, and the Kaxe>, 
which again arc separated by Staple 



fi (In 



the passage is dangerous from the 
rocks called Ox Scan, on N., and 
the Crumttone (inhabited only by 
seals) on S. The chief of the group, 
called Staple Island, is walled in by 
hasaltjc clifl^ ; (he Pinnacles, isolated 
rocks .40 ft. high, and 12 ft. from 
shore, are covered with sea-birds, for 
which these islands are famous. The 
bird -keeper lives on Brovmeman's 
Iiland, where is an old tower. Fur- 
ther N. are the Wavmuei, where the 
eider-duck chiefiy breeds. Most sea- 
ward of all the islands, except the 
sunken rook called NaveitoM, is the 
Longflmie Boch, which is only 4 ft 
above high-water mark. The toll red 
lighthouse on it is worth ascending 
for remarkable view of the islands ; it 
is also interesting as having been the 
home of Grace Darling. (2) At Budle 
Bay (see above), the little river 
Waren enters the sea. This may be 
forded by carriages at low water, and 
the drive continued to the point oppo- 
site Holy Island, called the Old Lain. 
From this point Holy Island is reached 
by boat. The island is 2| m. iiom 
E. to W., and IJ m. from N. to S. 
The village is on the S.W., and baa 
2 tolerable Inni, the Northumberland 
Arm> and the Selby Artru. In clifia 
near tho sea-shore are several caves ; 
the landing - place is a little cove 
girdled in by yellow rocks; on one 
side are the ruins of the Prtory Ch. 
(which is not identical with, bnt built 
the rnins of the ancient catJiedrnl 



of Lindisfame, in 1093) ; it is bnllt of 
red sandBtoDe, and is a perfect model 
of Durham Cathedral on a sraall 8(»le. 
It IB entered from W. by ligzag 
moalded doorway ; the tower is gone, 
but soapeoded aciosd enlrance of choir 
TomainB one of the ribs of the roof, 
known aa the " Rainbow." On 
rui™ of the monaiteri/. A ling 
chea - clumney remains. Near the 
raina, on the pedeOal of SI. CalhberCt 
Crosa, is a Ktone copy of the original 
cross. W. of the nuns, and of almoBt 
equal antiquity, is the present K. E. 
CA, restored 1862. Many of the 
tMubstonea are curious. Beyond the 
Port of the Tillage, on curious, coni- 
cal rook, is the CaitU (1500), ap- 
prockched by road round edge of the 
cliff. From the oastte piatforra la fine 
view over the desolate islEind. which 
ends E. in a point called EmamKl 
Head. 
Bampton, aee Dtdverton. 
BAifFTON-iH-TiiE-BrBH, Bee Wiiney. 
Sanitary (Oion.), Stat.,6t. W. 
and L. ft N. W. Rlya. : also junction 
for Northampldn via Bltsworth. 7niu .- 
Red Lion ; White Lion. A clean and 
well-huOt t«wn on the Cherwell, 
taining several good old houses, dating 
from 1570 to 1648. At a abort dis- 
tance on tbe Cliipping Norton mad 
ia a anpposed Roman ampliitheatre, 
known now bj the name of tbe Beai 
Garden. 2} m. 8.W. ia Brmightim 
Ciutle (Lord Saye and 8ele), a 
raderable portion of which dates 
1301 to 1307, and is well deserving of 
carel^I study. The hsll, containing 
interesting portraits; the aeci^t stait- 
case, leading to a chamber in which 
aeeUngs were held to oi^nise reaiat- 
Mce to Chas. I.; the "old Barrack 
room," where some Parliamentary sol- 
liiers were quartered before battle of 
Edgehili; and the chapel, are the 
more interesting portions. The 3 dif- 
ferent periods of the castle are the 
Mth cent, of the De Brongbtont 
the 15th of the Wykehama, and 
the 16th of tbe Fienneses. Close to 
tbe gatehouse is tl)e CL, which con- 
tains a fine stone chancel-screen, and 
an interesting series of tombs. 1 ni, 
8.W. is TadTOarUm, and 1 m. W. of 



Tadmart«n is Sicalclife, Madmanton 
Camp being cloae to the latter. 3 ra. 
N.W^ is WroiUm Abbey (Lt-Col. 
North), the interior of wliicli contains 
much beautiful carving broi^ht from 
Flanders, and many curious portraits. 
A bed used by Clies. I. ; also a bed of 
Hary Q. of Scots, and a quilt beauti- 
fully worked by her, together with 
many other objects of great inteieat, 
may be seen. There are fine pike to 
be taken in the moat surrounding 
Broughton Cattle, and in the ponds 
of Wroiton Abbey. 2 m. farther N.W. 
ia AikerioB Charek; and half-way be- 
tween Banbury and Wro»fon, a roud 
of 1 m. it. leads to remains of HaiiaeU 
Canfle. 3 m. N. of Banbury ia the 
village of Bourtori Maipia, remarkable 
for its desecrated Cb., the nave of 
which is a dwelling-house, and the 
chancel a school-room. At Adderbury, 
4 m. 6., is a fine Ch.. with a richly 
ornamented sedilia and piscina, and a 
good braaa, liate 1460. A very beau- 
tiful Ch. is at Bloxham, 1 m. nearer 
Baubury. Its spire is 196 ft. in height. 
The tower (14th cent.) is very fine. 
The westeni doorway is a rich specimen 
of the Dec style, with curious senlp- 
turcs representing the Day of Judg- 

Another most intcresljng C7i. is at 
KiBo't SiUton. a village 5 m. S.E. of 
Banbury. Its tower (Early Perp.) is 
extremely beautiful. It is surmounted 
by an elegant and lofty spire, having 
graceful pinnacles and flying but- 
at the angles. 

, E. of Uenbnry stands the 
interesting Ch. (ISth cent.) of Wark- 
■icoTtk, It contains a beautiful altar- 
tomb of the early part of tbe 14th 
cent. T)iia monument is of Caen 
stone, of the most exquisite workman- 
ship. Tbe wood sittings are enriched 
with some beautiful carvings of tlie 
15th cent. 

7 m. N. of Banbury ii the Edgehill 
—the scene of the drawn battle ba- 
tireenCliarles 1. and the Parliamentary 
troops under tbe Earl of Easex, 1642— < 
which forms the eitreme boundary of 
the table-land of Oifbrdshire. The 
tourist may obtain from this place a 
magnificent surrey of the great plain 



24 SAN 

of Warwiokshire. The view* from the 
DassetHilla areTervBtrikiug. Burioa 
Daiid Ch. (Traii8.-Nom]. and E. E.) 
is worth a vieit. } m. from it is the 
heacoa, a ourious 15th-ceiil tower, on 
wtiich a signal fire waa lighted after 
the battle. 

11 ni. 8.W. of Banbury, on the 
summit of a lofty ridge, known as the 
Bollwiight Hill, is a remarkaUe circle 
of Dmidical atones. 

4 m. nearer Banbury is Great Tew, 
a Tillage of picturesque beauty. 

Giood flebinfi; may oe had in certain 
parts of the Oheiwell, near Heyford 
and Steeple Aatou in particular, per- 
misBion being obtained from a Hr. 
Dormer of Ronshuin. 

nnniror (CBemarvou.), Stat. 
h. & N. W. Bly., 226 m. from London ; 
I ht. 34 miu. from Chester ; 23 mia. 
by rail from CaematTon ; and 35 min. 
from Conway. Jung; ••Penrhyn Anns, 
more than a mile from atal., very 
good : the view from its pleasant 
gaiden over the Menai Strait is the 
prettiest in Bangor ; "Geoi^e, near 
the Henai Bridge and Stat, auiI I| m. 
from BaagoT Stat. ; 'Britiati, oeur the 
station; Castle; Belle Vue. 

This is one of the meet couTeuient 
and most attractiTe halting-places for 
tourists visiting N. Wales. lu the town 
Itself, the Cathedral, which dates from 
6th cent, is the only building worth 
visiting, though not largtrr than many 



the W. lower (60 ft. hijch), and nave, 
were built by Bp. Slcevyn^n in 1532 ; 
the late Perp. work and traces of the 
earlier Nonn. ch. were brought to light 
by Sir O. G. Scott, to whom 
entrusted its restoration. The i 
is 114 ft. long : in each aisle 
six windows of throe lights, thoae of 
N. aisle Perp.. those of tlie S. Dec. 
Passing to the transepts, the visitor 
cornea ou the reJiseoveted portions, 
E. Deo, having replaced the Perp. 
work ; most noticeable are the N. and 
8. windows, and the re-erected piers 
and atijiefl of the jreat crouing, now 
the centrHl tower. 
The flhoir, erected by Bp. Deane, 



1496, has been restored as it stood ; 
there is a rich vaulted roof, and some 
elaborate wall painting round B. win- 
dow; on either side the choir are two 
lithn^nt. tombs of Deo. work ; ill the 
library is cidlection of state pamphlets 
and black-letter books. 

L rt of High street is the Free 
Xuieam, and in upper part of it the 
Public News Boom. 

On a hill at back of the city are 
very slight traces of a castle (temp. 
Will. II.}; near it is an ancient 
camp, and ihero is auother on Garth 
Point 

Exeuriions, — To Penrhyn Cattle 
(Lord Penrhyn), 2 m. from station, on 
road to Penrhyn Slate Quarries. Ad- 
mission on Tuesdays and Thursdays, 
between 10 sM. and 5 F.H., when 
the family are from home, and 
on Tuesdays only when at home. 
Tickets uiuy be obtained at the 
principal hotels, in. for one person, end 
1>. for each additional person. One 
half of the proceeds of the sale of 
tickets being devoted to the Caernar- 
von and Anglesey Infirmary, and the 
other half given to the atleDdants 
showing the castle. The bnilding 
is in Norm, style, the only part 
of the exterior which claims ad- 
miration being the square donjon 
tower, five storeys hieh. The exten- 
sive park is intersected by the Ogwen ; 
close to the great jrateway are the ch. 
and model village of Uandegai. From 
here proceed to (2) the celebrated 
Fenrhyn Slate Quarries, 6 m. beyond, 
a most interesting eight. The quur- 
rymen and their families reside at 
Betheeda, adjoining-^now a con- 
siderable town,— where a large popu- 
lation has sprung np. 'I'he Bouglat 
Armi Holtl is comfortaUe, and the 
landlord hns, for the accommodation 
of bis vidtors, boats on Llyn Ogwen, 
about 3 m. further up the vnlley, and 
one of tlie beat flahinj; lakes in Wales. 
fo reach the lake, the tourist wiU pass 
throagh the beautiful vale of Want 
Ffrancon (see Capd CuHg). (3) 5 m. 
E. from Bangor, or ^-br. by rail, is 
the very beautifiil village of Ahfr (see). 
(4) An interesting excursion over a 
bad n>t><l V^y be niode by P«n{iV iui4 



BANSTEAD—BASMODTH. 



the little Ch. of VartMeiniolen, to the 
head of the vale of tha Cegid. and the 
fortified post of Xh'iuu Dinorwig, 71m.; 
in its vicinity are a rocking-gtone, a. 
Dniidical circle and cyttiau (see also 
Llanberia) : the tourut should look 
for a fine view of Snowdon from bence. 
(5) To Heoai Bridge, 2 m.. tmd Bri- 
taiOnia Tnbular Sridge, 3 m. ToTiew 
tha BtapeodouB Meaai Sumnnon 
Bridge, vtticli etretohes S79 ft. bom 
pier (o I^er, the bank on the Anglasea 
Ad^flliould be descended, wbence it is 
eaav to approach the piers and pass 
under tlie arobeB ; by applyine at the 
bridge-hoose on aame ade, admission 
may also be obtauied to see the man- 
ner iavfhich tho chains pass through 
the rock and are made fast to it ; from 
the brid^, the eicursioa may be eon- 
tinued (a) S m. N.K (o Beaumarit, 
which can also be reached in 3 m. 
direct from Bangor by Garth Ferry 
(see Bmvmarit). (6) The Brilannia 
Tubular Bridge U close to the Monai 
Bridge Stat. ; it is snpported on three 
towers, one on each side, and the 
Britannia fewer in centre, and oonsistg 
of two enonnona tubes placed side 
by aide; the entire length is 1833 ft. 
(7) To LlatJterii, 16 m., by rail, 
bat by old road through Pentir, 10 m. 
Leaving Bangor by 9 a.h. train, the 
tourist will atriro at Llauberis at 
10.10, and will have ample time to 
asoeod Snondon and return by the 
last train to Bangor. (8) The high 
road to Carniarmm, 9 m.. commanda 
beentiful views of the Henai and 
Anglesey. (0) A coach runs to and 
from Betlat-ji-Coed daily in summer 
time; by Bethesda and Nant Ffranoou. 
Dittaneet (t^ rail).— Llanberis, 1 hr. 
10 min. : Holyhead, 53 min. ; Llan- 
gefui, 48 min. ; , Feomaenmawr, 30 

BxcnrBiona are made by a steamer 
dating the sumtuer months — (a) Bound 
the lAo of Anglesey, and (b) To Bard- 
tey lilaitd, 3 m. W. of Abardsron. 
Both are accomplished in a day. It is 
also a pleasant ti'" *- " " '-'—J 
7 m. Boats may 
Point. 

Bahgob Iscoed, see Suokm. 

]|WWI«ea4 (SoTrej), ig m. 



traia London by road ; 3} m. E. of 
Epsom ; and a station r>[ the Banstcad 
and Epeotn Downs branch of the L, B. 
0. Bly. This is a clean atid ne«t 
village, delightfully situated on the 
Surrey Downs, at a height of 556 ft. 
above the sea level. Iitn : •Woolpack. 

BantUad Dotmt (about 1400 acres) 
have always been famous for their fine 
views and pnte air. From the nearest 
height, jost over the railway bridge, 
1 m. W. of Banstead Ch., the eye 
embiDcea a wide panoiama- 

Besides the open downs, there are 
charmmg walks on all sides of Ban- 
stead. Odu of the pleasanlest ia by 
tlie lane or footpaUi beyond the ch. 
to Chipdead (about 6 m.), by way of 
Banstead village (3 m.\ past the White 
Hart Inn, Yew Pond Farm, and Shah- 
don. 1 m. B. of the Downs ia Lam- 
berft OaSa, which gave name to the 
"Oaks" stakes at Epsom races ' esta- 
blifllied 1779). 

BARBOrKKE, see Worettter. 

Bardon Hill (Leieester), 
Blat. Mid. Bly. (14| m. from Leicev 
ter and 6 m. &om Athh}/ Stats.), is a 
whence to ascend the HU, 
It is private property, but 
is given twit* a week. In- 
quire at any of the inua at AMiy. 
Although only 852 ft., it commands a 
wonderful view. Not far off, on the 
skirts of Chanwood forest, is the Cis- 
terciau nMoastery of JHbnnt SU Ber- 
nard, by PugtH the elder, the first 
abbey completed by the Roman Catho- 
lics in England since the Beformation, 
lAdies are not admitted to the interior, 
but can see the museums, the grounds, 
and the Calvary. Uale visitors may 
Bee the refectory and dormitories be- 
tween 9 A.H. and 5 f.h. There is also 
a Be/anaaljtry Bekool i 
with die monastery. 
road — LeicetUr, 10 m. I 
borowfA, 6 m. N.E. 

Bardset IsIiAhd, see Bangnr. 

Basdwell, see Bury St. Ed- 

Babfrebton, see OanterJiunj. 

Bamtontll (Merioneth.), Stat. 
Gt. W. Bly., vi» Skrtw^TS. Baabott, 
LlangoSen, Bala, and DtHgiiUy ; also 
Caimbfian nnc] Welsh Coast Itl^. 7nni; 



good point 
1 m. N.E, 



1 connection 
by 



2G 



BABM.OUTH—BABNARB CASTLE. 



CoiBvgedol Arma ; Barmontli ; Lion. 
A picturesque and npidl? iocreaBing 
little w&teriDg-place. eittmted at the 
mouth of tbe Maw. Tb« bathing is ex- 
cellent, and for magniflcent scenery and 
healthy mountain air, the place ja not 
tobesiupassediaall Wales. There are 
also fiiBt-iate aea and river boating aud 
fiahiog. The estuaiy may be crossed 
by fariy or by the railway Tiadnct, 
thui bringing within easy reach the 
nian; attractive places on the coast 
S. The road to DoUjeUey (SJ m.) ia 
formed ont of the solid rock, and 
overhangs the glorioua vale of the 
Mawddach. On opposite bank of 
the Maw is Coder JdHe (2914 ft.). At 
its base, and a few minutes' walk from 
ArOwg Stat, is the Arlhog HaU Sotel 
(excellent), which may he reached 
from Barmouth liy croaaiog the rly. 
bridge and continuing along the line 
to the Btat. Guides may be obtained 
here for tlie ascent of Cader. 

2 m. N. of Barmouth la the small 
sea-side CA. (E.E. 13th cont^of LUin- 
dber, beautifully restored. Notice par- 
ticularly exquisite 8. doorw^. 8 m. 
further N. is flurlecft (see). Barmouth 
Janet, is the tourist's starting-point for 
Toieyit, 12J m. ; Aherdocey anil Ma- 
chynlU&. 

Babnacf, see Stamford. 

Bwrnnrd Cnstle (Durhem), 
Stat., 249 m. from King's-cross ; 275 
m. from St. Fancras, via Leicester and 
York: 35 mia by rail from Darling- 
toe, and 1 hr. 20 min. from Durham. 

Inn : King's Head H., opposite 
which ia " Master Humphrey's Clock," 
the original now in pogaesaion of Mr. W. 
Humphrey, of Hartlepool. The town 
is veiy picturesquely situated on high 
rocky bank of the Tees; theCA,o/a. 
iWarj/ of niised styles, well restored 
1870, has octagonal font of Tees marble, 
behind which is efligy of Bobert of 
Mortham ; observe curious nltar-tomb 
of Humphrey Hopper, 1725; an E. E. 
stone coltin-lid is built into exterior 
of chancel wall, and a fine Norm, arch, 
formerly bricked up, has been opened 






ind restored ; it ia in S. widl of 
a street opposite Market- 
it »culpture of a "boat, relic of 



1 very pic- 
BicBidus " 
inscribed in old English lettered and 
on a door inside the arms of Brunskill. 
The nii'na of Oie Cadk, built 1112-S2, 
by Bernard Batiol, are approached 
through King's Head Inn yard; a 
small oriel window, overlooking the 
Tecs, still beaia the " Boar of Richard 
in," carved within, which corroborates 
tradition of his residence here. In 
the great tower called BaiioVs Tmcer, 
note the very flat stone vaulting of the 
first floor, 30 ft. in diameter, and the 
staircase winding half round the tower ; 
the view from the windows of -the 
castle is most beautiful. N. and E. of 
the castle are the FMU. where wind- 
ing walks aflbrd beautiful views of the 
river, bridge, and ruined towers over- 
hanging the precipice. 

On the outskirts of the castle, a 
huge handsome building, in French 
Renaissance style, has been erected for 
a Miiteara and Picture GnUery. Moat 
of the valuable pictures from Streat- 
1am (ejceptine; family portraits and 
pictures) will be removed to it, and a. 
large collection of antiquities, histori- 
cal relics, sculpture, old china, &c, col- 
lected by the late John Bowea, Esq^ 
and his wife, the Cuuntess of Montalbo, 
will be depCBited in the building. 

Excariiom. — (a) To Streatlam and 
Baby Cattleit and Btaindrop, 2 m. 
N.E. is Streat^m Catlh (Bonee 
family); situated in picturesque park, 
abounding in deer. It has inter»4iug 
collection of paintings. There is fine 
view from top of the castle. 2^ m. 
N.E. of Streatlam is Slaindrop—Inn ; 
(Jneen'g Ajma (see alio Darlijigkin) — 
celebrated for its Ch. of St. Mary (re- 
stored 1819), said to have been founded 
temp. Canute, and still retaining much 
of its ancient character; the nave is 
about 1200 ; the arches Norm. ; the 
circular columns E.E. ; tbe upper port 
of the tower (1360) is of very singular 
design. On entering, on 1. is munifi- 
cent alabaster altar-tomb of Kalpli 
Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland (d. 
1425), and his two wives; at N.W. 
comer of ch. ia splendid wooden tomb 
of Henry Sth Karl of Westmorland 
(d. 15631 and his three wives; in the 



BAItXAED CASTLE. 



27 



niches are Bgures of bis eight childisD, 
and &t foot an ioscriptian ; the channel 
tetaiilB some very beautiful Bedilin ; 
N. of cb.-yd. is Mauioieum of the 
CleTeland fomilj ; close by is the 
entrance to ifo^ CaslJi, bnilt 1379, 
the magnificent old seat of the 
Nevilles, nov belonging to Duke 
of Cleveland. Carriages conveying 
visitora set down in the great arched 
liaU. supported in centre by eight octa- 
gonal pillars; above the hall is the 
Baron's BuU, containing family por- 
traits and other pictorea ; in tbe Octa- 
gon Room stands famous statue of the 
Greek Slave, bj' Biram Power. The 
Cba^l has two fine MuTiUo: (6) To 
Egleslone (see below) G m., retnming 
by another road past Cfii^$toue and 
mancood ; IVom ODtheratone, which a 
3 m. N.W. of Barnard Castle, a bean- 
titiilviewof the latter witbtbe castle is 
obtained. (c> To Mid^lon^n-Teet- 
dale (10 m.), the Sigh Force Q6J m.), 
and Caldron Snout (21 m.). There le 
now a railway from Itomanl Castle to 
Middle (oD-in-Teesdale, where a gig 
and horse maybe obtained at the Poet- 
ofSce, Mrs. Beadle's, for tbe High Force 
and Langdou Beck (for Caldron Snont), 
costing, with guide, 10s. for the day ; 
or carriage may be taken whole way 
from Baraard CWIe to the High Force 
ino, 16} m. Crossing bridge of Bar- 
nard Cietle, the road tnma 1. along 
high lidge of country with fine view 
of Yorkshire and Westmorland Hills, 
and at 6 m. L crosses ancient bridge 
over the Tees, and ascends through 
tbe deep ferny glades of Egie^one Sail 
(T. Hntchinson, Esq.); 4 SL beyond 
is MiddUton-ia-Teftdak (Inni: Kose 
and Crown, beet; Crftas Keys). The 
CA. has a detaclied bell-lower. 2 m. 
further on, tbe Bowleet Beeli is crossed 
by a bridge, on which is found the fern 
CystopterU deniata. At 1 m. further 
on, no tourist should omit turning off 
1.. near the sycamore trees called the 
Five Brothera, across two fields, and 
through a fir plantation to Wyrteh 
Bridge, where a slight suspension 
bridge crosses a chasm in the rock; 
tbe path beyond the bridge leads 
Ihrough a wild valley to Hulywick, 
an alpine - looking village, pictur- 



eaqnelyatnatad under Holywick Scar ; 
3 m. bevond tbe Five Brolhera is the 
High Force Hiitel, which has fine view 
across the woods to the fall. ) m. 
beyond tbe hotel is tbe High Forct, 
tbe finest waterfeU (50 ft-) in K of 
England. A carriage may be taken 
2 m. beyond the High Force, loalittle 
Jit» at Xan^iiaii Beck, whence are two 
ways for pcdcstriaus to Caldron Snout.' 
both are difficult (o fliui, and very 
fatiguing, sad require a guide; in as- 
ceodiug. it is best to clamber along rt, 
bank of the Tees, just after passing 
junction of which with the Maizebeck. 
tbe river is seen rushing 200 H down 
a declivity in the ba^t, into the 
curious and extremely wild catotsct 
called Caldnyn Snout Above, .the 
river is croaaed by wooden bridge at 
point where it emerges from the 
Weeld, a, ghastly acrpcnt-like lake, 
I j m. lung, backed by Harwood Fall. 
The return to Langdon may be made 
across the Fells; but there is no track, 
and tlie strounsand bogs are frequent. 
In returning to Barnard Castle, the 



wild moorland road of 6 m. &om New- 
biggen (about 3 m. short of Middlelon- 
in-Teesdale), to St. John's in Wear- 
dale, 5 m. E. of which the Wear Valley 
£Iv. may be joined at Stanhope, 

to Egltilone Ahbey (1 m.), and Pohe- 
by C4m.); crossing the Tees Bridge, 
with its two gtuined arches, and turn- 
ing I. are the ruins of Eqlettone Abhei/ 
(temp. Hen. II.), beautifully sitnated 
on junction of the Tborsgill with the 
Teen; close bj is the Abbei) Bridge, 
from tbe wild rocks below which is 
itriMng view of the abbey ; 3 m. fur- 
iher on, and 4 m. B.E, of Barnard 
Castle, is Bokeby (Col. tloTritt), honso 
n only in absence of femily; 
]ds always open to public. Guides 
be bad at tbe Inn (Morritt Anns ) 
at Greta Bridge. Tbo eicursion may 
bo lengthened by crossing Wkorleton 
Bridge |7 id. from Barnard Castle), 
which is close to Wycliffe, wbere is 
another beautiful view np tbe Tees. 
tiiough inferior to that fitam tbo Abbey 
Bridge, To Winiton, with its pictur- 
eqne ch,, 5 m. E. 
IHetaneet. — Dnrlington by mil, 35 



BABSET- BAHNSTAPL E. 



vAa.; MiddUtoiMn-Teeedale. 23 min.; 
BUhep Aarkland, 40 min, ; Slanhope, 
1 hr. 38 min. ; Dvrham, I hr. 15 loin. ; 
Bouea. 15 min., Uie EOnoe of Dolhe- 
bog* Hall, near Greta Bridge^ 

Samet, CklpplnvBar- 
Det, or Hiarli Bamet (Uerte.). 
A Jiuuket (own situated on the f^at 
North Road, II m. from Loiidoo. 
High Bamet Stat, Gt. N. Rly (Edg- 
vaie and High ^met branch) is at 
the London end of tlie tovn (see the 
fine view S. on teaching the road 
from the Stat) : the Bamet Slat, of 
the Qt N. my. (main line) is at New 
Bamet ^ ">. 8.R of High Baroet. 
Innt : Red Lion ; Old Salisbury Anns. 
The Great Fair (catUo and horses) is 
liehl Sept. 4t1i to 6th. 

The BalUe of Barnel was fonght on 
Eaaler Sunday, April 14, 1471, be- 
tween the Yorkists and llie Iiancas- 
trians, commanded respectively by tlie 
Kin^, Edward IV., and the King- 
maker, Warwick, when the hitter was 
eUin end his army defeated. The 
tiettle-field is believed to have been 
the heath, now called Hadley Oreen, 
about } m. N. of the town. The site 
is marked by an obelisk erected 1740 
by Sir Jeremy Sembrook, which origi- 
nally stood 30 yds. S., close to tlie 
Too Brewen. It was removed to 
where it now atiinds abont 1S40. 
8ame antiquaries are of opinion that 
the battle was fought on Gladmore 
Heath, or HoDkey Mead PhuD, more 
totheE. 

At Bamet ComtnoH, nearly a mile 
to the W. of the town, is a medicinal 
spring, once in great repute as Bamet 
TFeils. The well is now covered over, 
and the water is obtained from it by 
a small iron pump. It is quite open 
to every one, and is still occasiraally 
teaorted to by invalids. 

The stranger at Bamet should not 
m to visit Hadley (on the rt. of tbe 
green where stands the battle obelisk, 
locally known as Hadley High Stone) 
for the sake of the interesting old ch. 
and the green beyond it— a goodly 
avenue on one side and a picturesque 
fi^:merit of wild wood on the other. 
A path Aom the bottom of the wood 
lemls direct to the Bamet Rlv. Stat 



Ea»t Bamet is a pleasant village 
m. S.E. &om Bamet, and ) m. from 
the Bamet Stat, of the Qt N. Ely, 
Inn ; The Oat 

BamHleT (Ynrks.). Slat. Midi. ; 
M. S. & L. ; and Lane. & Yorks. Btys. 
hr. from Leeds and SheCBeld ; J hr. 
from Wakefield. 

Iim$: King's Head, in the town, 
and noted for tbe excellence of ita 

Lttou-chops; Queen's.adjoining riy. 

t. A busy manufiictariog town, 

i of the chief seats of the linen 
(damasks, Ac.) mannfactnre. It la 
also essentially a cool district. Very 
pleasant walks may be t»ken to (a) 
picturesque village of Catethonte, 4 m. 
W. {Inn: Stanhope Arms); thence, 
to Hoylai^ Cli., for sake of 
from it (t) 2 m. N.B. are re- 
mains of Mbiifc Breiton Priory, founded 
■157. The gate-liou»« (Perp.) is per- 
act (e)3ni.S.W.,n'entuortAGMtI«, 
prettily situated, and containing some 
gnod portraits, (d) To Coningebonmgh 
Slal. and Cailie (see Doacaiter). 

Bnmsmple (Devon.X Stat, 
L. & 8. W. Rly. (211 m.) via Eieter ; 
and G. W. Rly. (205 m.) m^ Taunton. 
Jnm : Golden Lion, see old ceiling Ju 
room on Ist floor; Fortescue Arms. 
Is plensanlJy situated on river Taw, 
and in a rich vale. The port of Barn- 
staple was of impoitEmce at least as 
early as reign of Edward lit. Qveen 
Aiine't WiM on tbe town quay is a 
colonnade, and the Norilt Walk, a little 
lower on the same side, is a promenade 
by the river's ade. It is 6 m. to the 
mouth of the river. Good views of 
tbe town are to be obtained fixnn 
CodJon HiU (023 ft), and from the 
Bideford road. In Pilion CA., i m. N., 
observe stand for hour-glasa ^led to 
pulpit, and insoription over porch. At 
'" ' " N;,tl: ■ " " 



31arieood,3 






also a good E. E. piscina. The Ch. of 
Swimbridge (Stat.), 5 m., contains a 
beautiful soreen (Ferp,). Exeunioni 
may also be made to Bideford, 9 m, 
by rly, ; Jnitoa Quay, 6] m. (see Bidn- 
' " "" ' HfTaffimbe, aV"' '" - -- 



ftird); and J 



f, aV>iU 50 mini 



SJMBOW-IK-FUSNESS—SATJT. 



1j7 rail, and 11 m. by rood, or 121 ™' 
by road via DrauDtoii. Four-horse 
covered waggonettes run three times 
daily between Barnstaple and Ilfra- 
combe, in connection witli the G. W. 
BIy. ttBins. 10 m. E. Is South XoUoa 
(Stnl.)— Inru: George H.; White Hurt 
— \Fhere tlie Oh. is a remarkahly fine 
huildiug. Within is a very £ne stone 
putpit. A channing drivo may be 
talieu in summer from S. Moltun io 
Lgiiioa, over Esmoor (20 m.), via N, 
AloltoQ, Simonabstb, Breadon, Waters- 
meet, Valley of the Lyn, and Lya- 
monUi. N. MoUoa, SJ m. N. by E., 
bae also a fine Pe^. Ck,, with good 
screen, oak pulpit, and Perp. font 
^ m. on the Bamslaple road is Catlte 
Hill, the seat of Earl Fortescue. 

Bahnweu^ see Oandle. 

Barrasfokd, see Hexham. 

Barrow - in - FamesM 

(Lftnc), Stat Futdobs BIy. inn.- 
KoyaJ, ojjpoBile Slat, wry second rate 
(the visitor should sleep at Ftimei» 
jibbey HoleT). This thriving and bnsy 
tuwu has now an estimated population 
of betweeo 30,000 and 40,000. InlS40 
it was a small Ashing village with about 
200 inhabitants. The diecoveiy of 
Tast deposits of pure hiematile ore led 
to the conatructioa of the ndl way, mag- 
nificent docks, and the erection of im- 
mense iron and steel works. There 
are a large timber trade and extensive 
shipbuilding yards. The Jute WorJa, 
situated in the main thoroughfhro 
raoning parallel with the Docks, are 
the lat^est in the world. These, as 
well as the Bessemer Steel Works, are 
well worth Tisiting, and may be seen 
by permission of the resident mana- 
gers. A statue has been recently 
erected by public subscription to Sir 
James B^naden, Bart, the first mayor 
of the town. The magnificent Dock* 
are formed by enclosing at each end 
the channel dividing Barrow island 
from the main land, thus ingeniously 
convertitig it into a huge basin, in 
which vessels of the largest draught 
might float at all times of the tide. 
The outer island, Walney, 10 m. long, 
serves as a natural breakwater. Tiie 
town is distant 10 mitiutea by train 
from Fumet* Abbey (see), and i hr. 



from Ul(KriloH.' Fiel Maiiil,2m.S., 
can be reached in a few minutes by 
boat from Piel, which is in direct rail- 
way communication with Burrow. The 
Castle, called thePUeof Foudry.vna 
once a very alroug forti-eas, but tlie 
inr(«ds of the sea have made it a mere 
shell. Steamers run daily throughout 
the year to Belfast and in the summer 
to Fleetwood and Douglas (Isle of 
Man). 

Barrow-on-ftoar (Leic), 
Slat. Mid. Ely. Plcasautly situated 
on E. bank of navieable river Soar, and 
celebrated for its lias Qaarriet and its 
fossils. The geologist should ask to 
see Mr. Fewkes or Mr. Lee's colleo- 
tiODB. Nearly 3 m. W. is Woodhotue 
Chapel with beautiful stained glass 
(see also Mount Sorrel). On the other 
side of the railway, 1 m. 8.W., are the 
village and hall of Quoradon, where 
are also the kennels of the fiunoua 
Quom Hunt 

Barthn-on-Humbeb, sec Hull 

BAKTON-SEAaRAVB. See Entering. 

BASiHawERS Abbey, see BdyweU. 

Basu>w, see Sheffield. 

BaswnthwaiteXakb, see Ketteiek. 

Batcohse, see Bruton. 

Bath (Somerset). Stations— (a) 
Gt. W. BIy. (106i m. from Padding- 
ton) near the Avon, to London, Bristol, 
Exeter. (6) Midland, Stat in Charles- 
street, J m. from Milsom-street, with 
ramifications on E. to Salisbury, South- 
ampton, and Portsmouth, via Trow- 
bridge and Weatbuiy; on S. to Yeovil, 
Dorchester, and Weymouth (Q. W. 
Ely.) ; on aW. to Bumham, Taunton, 
and Exeter ; and on N. to Glou- 
cester, Worcester, and Birmii^ham. 
Between the last-iiamed place and 
Bonmemouth (Hauls coast), there 
is now direct communication with- 
out change of carriage (Midland and 
8om. and Dorset Kly.J. Jnni .- **Grand 
Pump Room — opposite lie Abbey 
Cliucoh and 5 minutes' walk from 
either G. W. or Hid. Stats. ; sump- 
tnouB baths in the house ; — York ; 
White Lion; Castle; Boyal, adjoining 
6. W. Station. Pop. 69,591. "The 
Queen of all the Spas in tlie World," a» 
this city has been staled, is situated in 
the beautiful Valley of the Avon, and 



30 li. 

oil tlio aiil&i uf suri'oundiug Mils. The 
buildings, mauj of thorn veij hand- 
Bonie,arti builtuftbevfhitogreat-oolitti 
caliud " Btttli Stone." The Abbey and 
tlie biuiieBt streete lie in the valley, 
irliile above, on the Northern elope, 
riBe termeej and creacenls, tier iqwn 
tier, to a height of nearly 800 ft., the 
Kojal and Lnnsdomn CreseoutB being 
the most conspicuous. From an insig- 
nificant pluce, Bath rose to the bigbest 
pitch of arrjutectoral magnificence 
mid popularity an a fashionable resort 
by the genioa of two men, Wood ths 
Architect, and Nash the Muster of the 
Ceremonies. 

Milsom-street, the Bond-street of 
Buth, contains aoiav of the best shops, 
and is Ihe afternoon resort und prome- 

Tbo chief things to bo seen oro the 
AblHtt/ and the Pump Boom and Baths 
close to it, both not } m. from tbe 
station. A good view of the city is 
obtained by walking up to Camdea- 
eretcent and Lan^vm - creiceat 
Descend thwugh the Roytd-creiceid, 
CiTcae, and Queeit's-tqmiTe, the three 
finest orchitectnial bits in Bath. Tbe 
flnost view is from Beechen Cl'f, the 
Hteep eminence overhanging the rail- 
way on tbe S.. 400 ft. above the Avon. 

The Ahbey Chttrch,vX tbe S. eitremilf 
of High'Stieet, is one of tbe latest 
specunens of Perp, Gothic in tbe 
kingdom, commenced 1499 by Prior 
Birde and Bp. Oliver King, restored 
by a. 0. Bcoli, 1874. The plan of tbe 
Oh. ia a simple cross, with a tower at 
Ibo ioterseotion. The W, front has a 
luagnificoQt window of seven Ugbis, 
flanked by turrets carved with winged 
angels ascending and descending, but 
now headless. The tower, 162 ft. high, 
is of good composition, flanked by octa- 
gonal turrets. The Ch. is 210ft. long, 
and its stone-vaulted, fan-tracery roof 
IB TS ft. high. The walls are crowded 
with mirattmenls, amoug tbem those of 
Beau Nash ; Qoin, the actor (epitaph by 
Garrick); Maltbus (Popidation); Sib- 
thorp the botanist, by Flaaaan. 

The best and handsomest modem 
ecclesiastical building is the Roman 
CuihoUc Church on tbe S. Pantde. 

The Pump Boom, cloao to the 



Abbey, is a classical structure, with an 
attached Corinthian xnrtico, 179C, 
beaiing ou its &ont the motto— APIS- 
TON MEN TAIIP— "Water best of 
ekments." The interior is a spaoioua 
saloon, 60 ft. in length, by 34 ft. in 
height. A baud phtys three times a 
week during the season. Here is a 
iiutrhle statue of Beaa Natli. The 
water tumbles continually into a Ser- 
pentine Vase for drinking. Tlie Bath 
waters are the hottest in Britaiu, 
reaching a tempciatore of li 
Ijaining the Pump T 



P Fabr. 



n former 



Kiagt and Queen's Baths. 
open bath for public bathing ti 
times. The I'rinale Batha are acoes- 
3iblo from Stall-street, as well as from 
the Pump Boom, and conttun every 
reouirement for the invalid. 

The lioi/al Literary and ScieutiJUy 
Imtitution is on the N, Parade, 200 
yds. from the Abbey. It poseesses & 
reading room, well stored library, 
and museum of Homan antiqnitiea 
discovered in and near the city, 
with numorous other objects. Tho 
Maseum is &ee to tbe public between 
II and 4, except on Tuesdays and 
Frid^s, when a small charge is made. 
The Great Hall contains a fine geolo- 
gical collection depoialed by C. Moore, 
Eeq,. F.G.S. 

Tlie Atheno^m, in tbe Orange 
Grove, adjoining tbe Abbey, has a 
reading room and library. 

Tbe euiUhaU Is a noble looking 
building in High-street. 

The Markets adjoin tbe Guildhall. 

The Assembly Boomg are close to 
tbe Circus, between Alfred-street and 
Bennet-Btreet. 

The WesUijaii or New EingsiMMd 
College occupies a commanding site 
on the ascent of Lansdonn. 

The Boyal Sdwol /or DaughUn of 
Officers in Oie Army is ou the opposite 
side of the Lansdown-rood, a little 
nearer tbe city. 

The VictorUi farh, conlwning a 
good oollootion of English trees, is 
immediately W. of the fioyal Crescent 
and Circus, and is approached through 
the Soyal Avenife. It is situated on a 
gentle decUvity, and is Md out in 
bcautilld walks, drives, and sliruh- 



BATH— BATTLE. 



berieii, and should without &il be 
viailad by the atmoger. The Sydney 
Garden) at the end of Pulteoey-street 
afford a delightful recreation groiuid, 
with retired walks sluuled bj fine 
trees. A Band plays daily either hete 
or in the Viclorift Park. 

Beckford^t Toaer. erectf 
eccentric author of ' Vathek ' 
of Lanaiown Hill, slands m Lansdown 
Cemetery ; it is 150 ft. high, and com- 
numda estciisive views. Near to it is 
Beckford's tomh, of granite. 

The Walkg, Drives, nud Bridle 
roads around Bath may be almost 
infinitely Taried, and derive a pecu- 
liar charm (lom the wood and rock in 
the vales, and the height of the hills. 
Amongst muny others may be men- 
tioned — 

(a) To Prior Park and OmSe Doom 
(2 ID.), UirougL Widcombe. Prior 
Park is a handsome structure, ori- 
ginally the resideuoe of Ralph Allen, 
the friend of Fielding, Pope, and War- 
burton, 400 ft. above Ihe river, and 
commands » beautiful view. It is 
a Roman Catholic College. Combe 
Down is 550 ft. above the sea. 
J - - 

Waller defeated the forces of Char 
I. From a spot on Upper Lanedawn 
(4 m.), called Prospect Styk, may be 
seen butb Bristol and Bath, the Avon 
and Severn, the Welsh mountains and 
the Mendip Hills. 

(c) To Monument of Sir Bevillo 
Greuville, who fell in the battle of 
laosdown, rotuming by the pretty 
load from Chapd Fam to Langridge, 
and by Swaiuswiok. 

(d) To BaOteaeloa (2 m.) and St. 
Catherine (4{ m.). 

(e) To Bampbm Dowm and Clover- 
ton (3 m.). The scenery in thisneigh- 
bourhood is most picturesqae. 

(J) To the roins of ifinton Abbey 
(6 m. and 1 m. from Freshford rly. 
Stat.) and Fiirleigh Cattle, 2 m. 
beyond. (See Bradford on Avon.} 

LongUat, Qxe princely domain of 
the Thynne fiimily, is 17 m. from 
Bath. 

Batstord, see M/rrelon-iii-the-Xarih. 

Bttttle (SuBsez), Stat, S. K. Rly. 



JiiiM; Railway Hotel; George. The 
remaius of the Abbey, built to com- 
nemorato the gre^it battle of Hastings, 
and the associations of the place 
make this one of the mo 



from 12 to 4 ; a ticket of admiaiion 
must be obtained from the slatiouer's 
shop just opposite. The house is not 
shown except in Ihe absence of the 
family (Duke of Cleveland), but the 
gardens and ruins in them are well 
worth seeiug. 

Ttio Qaidtome, fronting the street, 
is for the moat port late Dec. 

The Dec. port is very beautiful, and 
one of the best specimens of the time/ 
The long range of builduig, rt,.waa 
for some time used as the town liall, 
but has been allowed to fall into ruin. 
The house nearest the gateway W. 
was the ancient hospital tor pilgrimo, 
and is still called the Almonry. Pass- 
ing within the gateway, the visitor 
finds himself in front of the present 
dwelUug-houae. which includes parts 
of the abbey, and a good Gothic addi- 
tion of ttie year 18tiO. The garden 
front of the building inoludea part of 
the side of the old cloisters. The 
Oower garden, which abounds in old 
yews and cedars, occupies the site of 
the Ch. of the moiiaatery, of which the 
fonndatiouB of the E, end, or rather 
of the undercroft, were laid open in 
1817. Tbey still remain uncovered, 
and show the apse of the crypt, with 
liases of its maasLve columns. ThU 
ipot, the site of the high altar, is the 
most interesting within the abbey 
walls, for it is exactly that where the 
Saion standard was erected, and on 
which Harold himself tbU. 

8: of the ch. is the Befeclory, 
E. E., well preserved, with lancet win- 
dows and strongly buttressed walls; 
beneaUi it are crypts or vaulted 

Following the line of the lofty 
enclosure wall of the abbey, which 
-towards (he road has some Norm, but- 
tresses, you come to the Parieh Ch,, 
which is Trans., wiHi some Dec. win- 
dows of the same (Trans.) period. In 
chancel is the stately iomh of tiir 



Anthony Brorrue, llie first lev Lord 
of Battle. 

'8.W. of the town lie the greot 
powder mills of Battle, and the walk 
■ ■' 1 througli the woods is very 



A pleamutwaili I 
(7 m.) may ba taken; and 
teresting drive bf Aekbnmham and 
Huret-mon-eeux (see Hatliham). The 
Boenery round Battle ia so pleXiauig, 
that the etranger will do well to ex- 
ploie it. There le much woodland, 
HDd the neighbourhood is famans for 
its wild fiowers. 

Battlbfield, see Skrew^rii. 

BjTFOttDBUBV, eee Sertford. 

Bayhah Abbey, see Tialtridge 
WdU. 

Bbahikbter, see Bridporl. 

Beabwoos, Bee Wokingham. 

Bbasands, aee Darimauilt. 

Bbauohibpp, me Dronjield and Shef- 
field. 

BBAtixiESBBT, Bee Armitage and 
StTatford-on-Avoa. 

Beavlieu, see SoaOmmptoa. 

Beniiniuriit (Anglesey), 3 m., 
by GftrlJi Fern-, 8 m. by ro»d from 
Bangor (which is 226} m. &oni EaetoQ- 
squere, via Crewe). Jniu; •Williums- 
BuUiele; Arms H., fitcing Uie eea, 
excellent but expensive ; Sportsman ; 
Liverpool Arms. A clean and well- 
built walering-phtce, noted for its fine 
air and glorious views ; the walks and 
rides around ate numerous and in- 
teresting. There is a handsome ter- 
raoQ overiooking the green, close to 
the pier, from which there is a very 
extfiDsive view. At the N. end of 
the town, near the green, ore the 
magnificent ruins of the Cattle (temp. 
Edw. I.), built in the low situation of 
the " Beau SUrais" (from which the 
place is named); close 1o entrance, 
And rnnning towards the sea, is the 
Gunner's Wall, intended to protect 
entrance of supplies. The quadntngle 
within, including the state aput- 
ments, is 190 ft. long, and is de- 
fended by ten drum towers ; on 
N.W. side is the hall, with five large 
windows fronting inner court; and on 



E. nro the remains of a beH.utii'ul 
chapel, in form of an apse ; the aides 
ornamented with Gothic atchea, and 
the roof supported by rtbs, spriDginc 
from pilasters, between eacli of which 
is a narrow window, and behind some 
are small closets, gained out of the 
thickness of the wall, probably allot- 
ted to officers or persons of iHiik. To 
this chapel was an ascent by some 
steps, now demolished or t&ken away ; 
the park-like meadows round the 
castle are open to the pubUc by Sir 
R. M. Williams Bulbeley for cricket 
matches. 

Si. Marjfe Ch., on eminence in 
middle of the (own, is chiefiy 13th 
cent., the chancel being IGlh cent, 
and roof of nave 15th cent.; the tra- 
cery in side window of the aisles ia 
observed in parish ch. of Llanbellig, 
near Caernarvon. Observe heads ter- 
minating the drip of the chancel 
ardi, and those on carved wood- 
work and sedilia; also monumeDts 
by Ternouth and Westmacott to 
sundry memtiers of the Bulkeley 
funily ; and an alabaster altar-tomb, 
iji vestry, of 15th cent.; there is also 
a mural monoment on 8. side of 
chancel to five knights connected wiUi 
the Irish government in 16th cent., 
nnd a good brass, temp. Hen. VIII., 
to a member of the Bulkeley family. 
On a wooded height overlooking the 
town is Boron HiU, the seat of ffir H. 
M. Williams Bulkeley, Bart, Con- 
stable of Scaumaris Castle; in the 
beautiful grounds, abounding in fine 
conifers, commanding lovely views 
(shown to the public), are the coflln- 
lid and bust of the Princess Joan 
<l3th cent.), brought Irom adjacent 
priory of Llanihes. 

Etettj-HOBi.— To 1 
m. 1 m. I. on the Pi 
skirts sea greater port of way, is tl;e 
Fnan, a house belonging to Sir R. 
W. Bulkeley, near which ore remains 
of Llanfaes Friary ; in what seems to 
have been the conventual ch., now 
used as a bam, are lancet windows of 
13th cent. ; from the cellars of the 
mansion a curious subterranean pass- 
age, of moBonry, and remarkably clean, 
runs towards uie shore; a little above 



the Friors ia He»lli/s, " the old palace 
(Major Hampton Levis), where sr 
a oollecUon erf pictures, Owen Tudor' 
bed, and other antiquities: 1 m, farther 
rt, near the sliore, ie Tre'r CatteU, 
nhere dwelt the renowned Sir Tudor 
ap Gronw?; 1 m. further I. is Trm-^- 
Afim (11. Williama, Esq.). and on sum- 
mit of densely overgrown bank oppo- 
site is Cattle LUiniog, or Caetell AMr- 
lleiuawg (Capt. Miichell), a, small 
square fort, with the remains of a 
round tower at each cumer ; a foss 
surrounds the whole, and a hollow 
way is curried quite to the sJiore, at 
the extremity of which is a lar^^e 
mound of earth to cover the Iandm<;. 
Hence a rather bad rond of IJ m. 
runs cloeo to water's edge, through 
limestone quarries to Fenmon Priatij, 
n^bich is noted for its beautiibt situa- 
tion and interestiiig architecture (by 
following coast the pedestrian '"*" "' 
off a mile). Here Aug;ustine 
weae settled aa early sa 6th 
by Eini(ai Freuhin; the conventnal 
en, (restored 1854) is cruciform, and 
chiefly Norm, in style. Observe Norm, 
arcades in tmnsept, those on W. aide 
being on higher devotion tlian those 
on ES. ; also the deeply recessed win- 
dows of nave, and beautifully sculp- 
tured arch, with Norm, moulding; 
orer the ch. dour ie figure of a dragon, 
similar to tliat on one of pinnacles of 
Holyhead Ch. ; at rt. angles to the ch. 
is a fannhouae, formerly the prior's 
residence, to which are attached ruins 
of the refectory; on hanh opposite 
ell. is the pigfeon-house, with curious 
domlcalroofoftimeofHen.Vni. Ob- 
serve on Mil above, the dngular erou, 
whose compartmcnta represent mock- 
ery of our Saviour by the soldiejrs, who 
are depicted with heads of beasts. 
Ctossing dovra on rt. the tourist will de- 
scend opposite the LigIit!i(Hiee (erected 
183S), which ia approached from shore 
by an iron bridge, and is said to con- 
tiun more couTses of masonry under 
water Uian even the Eddystone; he 
may then visit in a few minutes by 
row boat, Pugiii Idand, otherwise 
Ynys fieiriol, and Prieatholm, a 
favourite spot for picuio parties, and 
wha« good flshiiig may be bad ; 



here is a rude oblong tower, 40 tt. 
long, with low conical roof, similar to 
that at Pemnon, which is said to be 
as early as 6S0 a.d., and was probably 
used as monastery 'before Penmon was 
built ; there are also fragments of 
bnildings and Sssures in the limestone, 
which served as places of burial. The 
tourist may agreeably extend the walk 
to B. side of Bedrcharf Bay, returning 
to Beaumaris inland; the road skirts 
an elevated range of hill, passing vil- 
lages of Jiangoed and Llanv^uaigel 
to Bardd ArOmr, or Arthur's Round 
TaUe (called also Binaa Sjrlwy), the 
larf^t camp in Anglesey; just under 
E. slope liea the very small ch. of 
LVrnvihangel, which has curious mov- 
able pulpit; the road now descends 
hill to IJandonjia, beautifully silaated 
above Buy of Bedwharf or Traeth 
Coch; 1} m. S. is Zibrntcafyn, in E. 
Perp. ch. of which is a 12th-cent. 
font, and a 14th-cent. slab ; hence 
rood runs over high ground behind 
woods of Baron Hill, and leaving on 
rt. the small lake of Bodgolched, to 
Beaumaris. This ezcnndim is alto- 
gether about 13 m. 

To Amlvxh (see), about 18 m., the 
beat route for vising E. coast of An- 
glesey; 1 m. ft. ia Unitm H«vte; lit 
2^ m. a road 1. leads to Uandeafan 
(about 3 m. from Beaontaris, of which 
it is the mother oh. ; it ia noted for its 
large 8. chapel), and a second road 
continnes to LUtntadiera; 1 m. ftlr- 
thcr on, at Trevor, is a cromlech on 1. 
of road, and on rt, at Intervals, are 
Meini-heirion. or erect stones ; fur- 
ther on is reached Mynydd Llun/diarth, 
a rugged chain of hills skirting N. 
promontory as far as Penmon : on the 
slope is the small Lyn of the same 
me; at 5 m., oa a rivulet which 
empties itself 1 m. N. into Hedwharf 
" r, ia pretty village of Feiitraeth 
. It: pButon Arms); a little S. is 
Flaeriyitpi (Lord Vivian), Bedwharf 
Bay is said to furnish some very rare 
shells ; the cliffs arc quoi-ried for lime- 
stone, which ia shipped at Porthilong- 
Mxi (about 2 m. N. of Pentraeth), 
whore is small inn ; from Pentraeth, 
the tourist may (1) diverge 1} m. 1. to 
Uandgfnaa ; over S. door of Ch, of 



34 



SEAVUARIS-IiEGCLES. 



which is sculpture of the Crucifixion; a 
luge meoMr stands in adjoining field; 
or (2) about JO m. to LlanerAymedd ; 
contiaaing tlie Amlwch route, 1| m. 
N.W. of Pentraeth is Llanbtdr Goch, 
2 m. bcjood which, on rt., ia Llanfair- 
mathafani-eititt^, the birthplace of 
fomoos WeUh poet Goronwy Owen ; 
in ch.-fd. ia a matilated crosa ; 1 m. 
Airiher oa ia Llanevgrad, where lire 
ancient manor-house and park, with 
curionBEliiftb«lhanpiKeon-Bou«; the 
fine modern maneioa Hete, called Par- 
cian, ia reddence of Wm. WiUiaiua, 
Eaq. ; 1 m. fHiither, on rt,, ia rade 
little ch. of LlaTutUgo, aaid to be of 
Tth cent. ; here, and in neighbonring 
ch. of PenrJiog Ilugwy (which also hna 
in its ch.-Td. a lude mscribed Btone 
of doubtful originX were buried the 
bodies of thoae drowned in the " Boyal 
Charter," 26 Oct 18G9. Near Moel- 
fre, abont IJ m. furtber oo, ia fln< 
liromlech, placed on seven Hupporta. 
'i m. further on, the river Diila* ii 
erosaed, the limestone locliB give 
place to the Llandeilo formation ; the 
igneous rocks of tlie Faryt Moniitaiua 
form notable feature in landscape; 
Im. further on is LIvs^uJiis (Sir Aiun- 
dell and La<^ Neare); from grounds, 
nbich slope to the water, are msguifi- 
ccot sea views i a littlefurther N.,the 
restored ch. of lAaHwenllsfo contains 
an elaborate braSR of 17tll cent. ' " 
further, at Feiwarii, the road 
high ground becween the Parjs and 
Llaneilian Mountains, whence it de- 
aoenda to 17 m. AirUvidi. 

To Penmunydd, Ij m., the walk 
drive may be continued to Uange/ni, 
i m. further on (wliich see), return- 
ing to Beaumaris by different road, 
bv picturesque ch. of LUuffinan. T( 
Menai Bridge. Llanfair, Llanidan, 4c., 
the road passes close to the atrait, 
the banks of which are well wooded, 
and covered bj an almost endless suc' 
cession ofvillas; atabout3m.,otihi1U 
on rt., ia lAattdegfan (»iigra). IJ m. 
further on is Mcnni Bridge, close to 
which ia viUafl;e of LJandytilio, a little 
N.W. of which, and on rt. of turnpike- 
road, is the eminence of Craig-y-dmat, 
on which stands VbaAngUtaj Cobtmn 
(100 ft. high), crowned b; colossal 



bronze statue of the lute Morqnis of 
Anglesey, by Noble; the rock, 260 ft., 
should be ascended for one of the 
finest views in Wales, compriBiu); the 
Suaite, the Welsh Alps from Fen- 
awr, on cilreme X to Snowdon 
also the pass of Nant Ffrancon 
Captl CuTi'g). IJ m. beyond 
Menai Bridge ia reached the Britan- 
nia TiAalar Bridge (see Bangor). 
Close to Llanfair Ch. is Plat Llan- 
/air (Lord Clarence Paget) ; from 
LlnnMi the excursion may be con- 
tinued about 3 m. to Uanedtcen Ch., 
passing the beautiful Plae Neinydd, 
the Elizabethan mansion of Plat 
Coch ; from Llauedwen the tourist may 
cross ferry at Moel-y-don (where Edw. 
I.'a army was defeated by tiie Welsh) 
to the little port of Dinorwiii, on oppo- 
site bank, where the slates from Mr. 
Assheton Smith's great slate quarries 
'e shipped to all parts of the world ; 
little IJolow Moel-y-don ia Pori>tamel, 
■.ene of a conflict between Soman 
army and the Druids. About 1 m. 
below Llauedwen is Ltanidan, in 

Sarisbof which ia the celebrated JUoeH 
(ordwydd, or thigh-atone, said to nl- 
waya return to the place whence it 
was moved. Within little more than 
n mile radius of Llanidan are a won- 
derful number of early remains. In 
about 3 m. &om Llanidan the toniist 
can reach tlie TaUy-foel ferry, and 
cross (he Menai Btrails, in a small 
steamer, te Caernarvon. 

Difianca. — Conway, 18 m. ; Caer- 
narvon, 12 m. ; Holyhead, 27 m. (or 
rail from Llanfair 8te.t., 27m,) ; Snow- 
don, 16 m. by toad, and 19 m. h}r 
rail from Bangor Btat, Liverpool 1^ 



BUUVALB ASBBT, SCO HtldiluUl 

Torkard. 

Beccles (Suffolk), Stat, Ut B. 
Ely. (Waveney Valley). Itml Eing'a 
Head H. ; Wliite Lion H. OneofUui 

most pleasantly-situated towns iu Suf- 
folk. The view from the ck-yd. ia 
worth seeking. The Ch. of St. Midiad 
is the chief point of interest. It ia 
entiifjy Perp. Tho boll tower stands 
detached, on the 8. side of the ch., 
nearitiE.end. Itwas began in 1500, 
ii Snished, probablyowing 






BEDDGELEST. 



35 



to the diBBalution of Bary Abbey. Tlie 
nave is of uuuaual widUi. tho viow al 
which from the W.iluor is ven' striking. 
The S. porch deservBg specul notice. 
It is iu two storeys, greatly enriched 
with niches, taberoacle work, and pin- 
lutclee. There uie windows £. and W. 
in hoth Btoreya. A projecting octago- 
nal staircase leads to the upper 
chamber, rrotn which a window 
opened io the inteiior of the eh. In 
this ch. the poet Cnihbe was mairied 



le town ; much of it has been laid 
ODt with broad walks, and planted. 

Dijtemws.— 20 min. by railway to 
Lomtttoft ; \ hr. to YaTmoiUh. 

Becklet, see Orford (Excursions). 

Bedile, SCO ^ortAoUerlon. 

Beddvelert (CaoroarroD.), 13 
m. iiom Gaernarron, and 7 m. from 
Ttemadoc \ 6 m. from anmiut of Snow- 
Inn.' ■Boyal and Goat H.,a little 
way out of the Yillafte; Prince Lle- 
wellyn, a small roadside inn, in the 
village. 

This "gem of Wehih Tillages" lies 
deeply seclnded near the Junction of 
Uie rivers Colwyn vaA Glasllyn, and 
guarded by the towering height* of 
Uoel EGbog, Yr Aran, and the pre- 
cipitods ridge of Craig-y-Llau ; the 
anall Ch., originally conventual, and 
bekmging to a priiwy of Augustines, 
U Eatlj Pointed, and temp. Edward I., 
but is quite plain and without cha- 
ntAxx. Observe the coffiu-platea wiUi 
UMuei of deceased parishioners hung 
over their pews ; in field close to the 
Ch. U seXA to exiet the tomb of Gelort, 
the hound of Llewellpi, the well- 
hiown story of whose death has in- 
vested the place with some interest, 
and gives its eatne (Qelcrt's Grave), 

A pleasant walk along the road, 1^ m. 
S., brings yon to Potd AhergkuRyn, a 
bridge in the grand and romantiis pass 
of that name, which crosses the Glas- 
llyo, and unites Caernarvon and Me- 
rioneth; [H^piloua rocks on either 
side, those on rt. being about 800 ft 
hi^ dove in Uie road, which ii cut 
li^ the solid rock, buely luving 



room fur the impetuous river, here of 
a singular beryl-grecn colour. The 
bridge is one-arched, and beautifnlly 
clothed with ivy. Tho tourist should 
view the scenery, which is equally 
striking in stumi or sunshine, from 
about 100 yds. down the Tremadoo 
road, and should then walk leistuely 
through the pass for about ) m. — a 
carriage would hurry him past too soon. 
The geologist should look out for stri- 
ations and glacier-grooviogs, a notice 
of which, in the late Dr. Buckland's 
own writiDg, is to be seen at the Goat 
Hotel. 

Ezeartiofu. — Ascent of &uividrm ; 
the tourist may either (1) follow the 
Nant Gwynant road as &r as the turn 
to the Gwynllan quarries, follow the 

Suarry road as far as it goes, and then 
limb straight up to the summit ; this 
ascent may be made without difficulty ; 
or (2) he may follow tho uphill Caer- 
narvon tumplke-road for 3 m. to PiU's 
Head, 3 m. ftom, the sunmiit; the 



farmhouse of Ffridd Vehaf, through 
which the traok leads over rough but 
not steep ground ; about 1 m. from 
farmhouse is a cairn in memory of Mr. 
Coi, a tiiurist, who lost his life in the 
descent in 1859; the way soon be- 
comes steep np the LUchog, and the 
grand scenery opens out; in front 
ore Moel Hebog, Mynydd Mawr, Llyn 
Owellyn, and Moel Lilio, while through 
the pass of Nautlle, the sun shines on 
the sea at Clynni^; to the rt Anglesey 
and Caernarvon are visible, and to the 
1. the eye wanders over Tremadoo and 
tho coast of Harlech ; at the top of 
Llechi:^, the tourist anddenly emerges 
on the very narrow and prolouged 
ridge of Jitcldi-y-maen, or Clawdd 
Codi, the most exposed and danger- 
suggesting point in the ascent of 
Snowdon, there being no fbnce or 
holding on either hand ; it is about 8 
ft. in breadth and nearly } m. in length, 
and divides Ctvm Clogwyn and Owm 
Llan, the cliffs of which descend on 
each side in fearful precipices; the 
path is, however, quite safe, and ladies 
may tide along it Heitoe it is a steep 
but short pnll to the suiomit, where js 



3G 



SEDDGELERT. 



ail iun afiurdiiig: fair accammodatioD. 
A Srd Bscunt, but the least BtriMng of 
all, may aha be made by proceeding 
alone: the Caernarvon toad to Llyii 
Cadlya, about Si m. ; here is a Bmall 
bnt comfortable inn, "the Snowdon 
Konget," vhere guides ma^ bo bad for 
the ascent 14) m.), and boata may be 
hired lor fishing in the lake, which 
contains char and tront In rough 
weather touriets should he car«fUl 
at to the violent squalls to nliich this 
lake is subject ; the path, a former 
copper-mioe track, leads over some 
eitent of raOier swampy ground, along 
B. slope of Moel-j-Cynghorion (Hill of 
Council); hence it gradually ascends 
to Bnlch-cwm-Brwynog, imd gains 
summit of the clifla of Cli^wjn du'r 
Arddu, not far from the summit. 
(N.B., for the ascent see also Uoji- 
berie and Capet CuH'i,') Moel Hebog 
(28S0 ft.), one of the Snowdonian 
hills, composed of Caradoc formetions, 
may alio be ascended immediately 
trom behind the Goat Hotol. The 
aacent, though sleep and rough, pi'c- 
aents no difBculties. The tourist 
should steer for 2 farms at the foot, 
and thence climb the Shoulder. There 
is a very fine eirm on NJ!. side, but 
without tlic Alpine glcna character- 
istic of tlie district: ^"i tii« mmmiit 
there is a magnificent view extending 
E. to Penygwryd with Ijlyns Gwynant 
and Dinas, and on W. and 8., over the 
peninsula of Lleyn, the Bay of Car- 
digan, down to St. David's Head ; the 
descent may be made on the S. side to 
Feiimnrfa and Criccietb. Moel Hebog 
ia held by the guides an nnerring 
barometer for ascent of Snowdon, the 
latter being imprsotioable when the 
former is covered with clouds. 

To Tait-ifiiclch, by carriage-road 
10 m.; by Tremadoc, 15 m. About 
1} m. beyoDd Pont Aberglasllyn is 
Dolfriog (Mrs. Jackson); thence a 
hilly carriage-road by Penrhyn (Stat. 
Ffestiniog Ely.) leads to Tan-tj- 
Bulch. 

Another (pedestrian) excursion may 
be made twja Pont Aberglasllyn by 
taking, at 2 m. on the old roadtoTan- 
y-BwIch, a bridle-road 1., which runs 
ap the Tale of Nanty-y-Mor, at bend of 



v/hhh turn it., nud brtast Ihe slopes 
of the bill above Cwm Celli Jago, 
whence a sharp climb will lead to head 
of the cone at summit of Cynichl, 
2372 ft., an ascent rarely made, but 
worth while for the magnificent view, 
which compnses to S. Snowdon and 
its ranges, and to £. the mighty jagged 
mountain of Moelwyn, separated only 
b^ the deei; Cwm Croeaor. Ftom sum- 
mit of Cynicht, the tourist may extend 
the excursion along ridge of Croig-y- 
llyn-Llagi, visit the lakes of Llyn 
Lagi, LIlyn-yr-Adar, lilyn-Edno, and 
some smaller ones (see Capel-Ctiriif — 
Pen-y-gwryd), and then descend either 
1. into Nant Gwynant, or rt. over tiie 
Lledr to Dolwjddelan (see Bettici). 
(c) The tourist raay also, by proceeding 

4 m. from Pont Aberglasllyn on the old 
Tany-bwlch road, ta£e a road 1. to Cwm 
Croeaor, and make an easy ascent to 
Moelwin ; the moat convenient ascent 
to which, however, is tromTan-y-bwlch. 
To Capel Curia, a lovely walk through 
the vale of Mant Gwynant lesda by 
Dinas Emrys, Llyn Dinaa, and Llyn 
Gwynant (where is trout fishing) to 
Penygwryd, 8 m. Hence it is 4 m. by 
vale of Nanty-gwryd to Capel Ourig ; 
whence the excursion mey bo extended 

5 m. to Bettw»-y-Cotd, passing the 
Falls of Skaiadr-y. W«iol. (a) From 
Pen^wryd the tourist may also di- 
verge I., 4 m., through the wonderful 
paaa of Llanboris to Llanbetii. To 
Caernarvon, 13 m., passing N.W. 
through a beoutifully-wooded vale of 
the Colwyn ; at about 3 m., at top of 
the watershed, on 1. is a large boulder- 
stone called Pitt'a Bead, from a sin- 
gular resemblance to tlie profile of 
tiiBt sfateaman; and a little beyond, 1. 
in a wild barren table-land, is Uyu-t/- 
gader, a small lake, whero small trout 
can be caught in numbers from boats, 
of which thera is one belonging to Qie 
hotel at Beddsclert; } m, furtlier on 
is turnpike of Fonlrhyd-ddu ; hence 
the tourist may diverge 1. passing the 
little Liyn DywaTchen, with its " fioat- 
ing island," urough the lovely pass of 
i>m«-i/««rf to the NaTitU lakes, 9 m. 
by mil ttom Caernarvon (which sec). 
Continuing on Caernarvon road, 2 m. 
beyond Font-rhyd-ddn, in readied Ujpt 



Cieellyn (ante), a very Ads abeet of 
water about li m. long, lying in an 
elongated boHiii between tlio epora of 
Moel Gocli and Moel-y-Cynghorion on 
1., BndMynyiIdMawr.2300ft. At its 
N.W. end, the cliffB of Craig-cwm- 
byvbnn descend precipitously to the 
water's edge, and on one isolated rock 
are fainltnicsaof CosieH CidiBin, "the 
wolf's castle," en early Britisli forttees. 
14 m. farther is Kant MiU, on ' 
bunks of the Gnrfai, one of the 
picturesque '■ hits " in Walea ; whence 
it is 6} m. to Caernarvon. 

Coachei during the seas 
tweeii Pottmadoc, Beddgelert (Buyal 
an<[ Goat Hotel), and Llanberia. 

Dataneet. — Llanwrst, 22 m. ; Cric- 
cielh, 11 m. ; Pwllheli, 20 m. 

Bedford (Beds.), 8tat., Mid- 
land Ely., on the N. side of tlie town, 
50 ui. from London. The Slat, for 
the L. A N. W. Bly. and the Gt. N. 
£ly. is at the opposite end of the town, 
beyond the bridge. Inm : The Swan, 
very pleasantly situated near tbe ri - - 
with a lai^e and pretty garden, 
which stands the Cattle Mound (see 
poHf>; George (see poaO; Bed Lion. 
The town Iiei< for the most part on the 
rt. bank of the Ouse, Vary important 
charities were established in and for 
the town bv Sit Wm. Horpur (d. 157*) 
and his wife Alice. Oat of them has 
arisen the Gmmmar School, one of the 
best and most important in this part of 
England. To strangers the cliief pla<~ ~ 
of interest in end around Bedford) 
those connected with its great " Cele- 
bris," John Buuyan. The Cattle, or 
rather its site, is approached through 
thn Swan Inn, where leave ^ould bo 
asked to visit it. The principal work 
is an nrtiflcial circular mound, about 
15 ft. higli, and 150 ft. in diameter 
across the summit, which is level, and 
has long served as a bowling-green. 
Bedford is dietinguished by the num- 
ber and importance of its dissenting 
chapels. The Congregational Ohapel 
should be visited. It represents and 
occopies the site of tbe first congrega- 
tional jneeting in Bedford, that in 
which John BanfBn preached. Against 
the wall of the chapel is a tablet re- 
cotding Bunyan's connectioii with it, 



fOBfl. 37 

and the &u:t of his long detention in 
Bedford Gaol. In the vestry is pre- 
served his chair, whicli there is little 
doubt really belonged to bim. In the 
library of the Literary /tad Scleiilijic 
Iitititation, Harpur-street, is a copy of 
Foie's 'Acts and Monuments,' 'i vols, 
fol., 1641, with the autograph of John 
Bunyan, and several verses written on 
the margin at different periods of his 
life. 

The Bedford Room* in Harpor-street 
contain a good concert and ball room, 
a reading room, the Bedford Geiteral 
Library, and the Libieryand Moseum 
of the Bedford Arekselo^eal Sooiety. 
Opposite this building are the several 
buildings of the Bedford Hfhoolt. Of 
the many Altaihoaie) of Bedford, 
" Bame Alice-^reet " contains i6 ; 
and iu Conduit-street there are 20. 
Two ouly of the few relics of ancient 
Bedford call for notice — the old hos- 
telry of tbe George iu High-street, 
and the remains of the Qi-ey Friars 
house iu Priory-street. 

The Geor^ lies on the ). in descend- 
ing the Htghrstreet. Passing down 
tlie yard a Perp. archway will be seen 
crossing it, and having above and 
along the sides a range of windows. 
The remains of the Greij Friart, now 
partly converted into a Kirmhouse, are 
coasiderable. 
The KTeat modern sight of Bedford 
the Britartnia Ironxcorkt (chiefly for 
mnnufacture of agricultural iinplo- 
ments) of Messrs. Howard. They 
adjoin tbe Midland Sly. Stat, and a 
visitor arriving at that station may be 
conducted to them nt oaoe on applica- 
< the BtatioQ-msster. From tiie 
the works are to be readied 
throusih Cold well-street, on the S. side 
" the bridge. 

From the Cemetery, feitoated on a 
low hilly ridge on tbe N. side of the 
town, a flne view may be obtained 
across Bedford to the heights of Ampt- 
hill, and beyond again to tbe Wobum 
ntnge. From the top of tlie hill above 
tlie cemetery a still finer view is ob- 

Elitme, 1] m. S , has a remarkable 
Ch., formerly attached to tbe abhey, 
and U famous as the birthplace <f 



BEDFORD— BELFOBD. 



and arches of the Ch. 
Tho 2 western picra Kod arches 
W. front are E.B. Notice rude sculp- 
tures over Norm, portal in N. aiale. 
Inside Ch. notice richlj-foliaged capi- 
tals and knots of foliage at intersec- 
tiODs of arches; also 2 interesting 
broMes, One braes dieplajs the finest 
existing effigy of a Benraictine Ab- 
bess (Elizabeth Hervey, d. 1524). In 
a Hoe with this W, bont, but entirely 
detached from the di. ' " 






beU-te 






late Feip., in which Bunyan used to 
indulge his favourita amusemeut of 
bell-ringing. It has 5 bolls (dates 
1601-55), and tradition asserts that 
the fourth bell was that which Buityau 
used to rine. It was on the village 
green that Bnnjan BawhisTidoD,and 
received his oonTersion whilst playing 
at tip-cat on a Sunday. On the rt. 
side of the village street (entering 
from Bedford) is a low cottage with 
2 gables, standing alone. This is 
where he lived after hia marriage. 
The pedestrian returning lo Bcdibrd 
may cross by a field path to the high 
rood, close to which stands the £ed/ord- 
thire Itiiddle Clots School, a large and 
imposing Tudor building. The Ck. of 
Clapham, 11 m. from Bedford, ia notice- 
able for its very massive tower, the 
lower part of which no doubt dates 
before the Conquest ; the uppermost 
stage ia Norm. The lower has no 
extenial door and no window-opening 
for a considerable height, anil was 
evidently intended for defence and 
protection. 

The churches and villages of Bid- 
denkam and Brvrnhma may be the 
objects of another and longer walk. 
Biddenham lies about 2 u. W. The 
village with its scattered house 
very pretty, and the Ck. (of vai 
dates) haa some interest. Notice 
ions hagioscope on N. side of chancel 
arch : und monuments with ingcrip- 
tions to the Bolelere (d. 1601-21), and 
to children of a former vicar (Gi* 
shawe). 

The Gh. o/' Bromkim stands on the 
N. side of Bromham Park (Hon. Elea- 
nore Mary Rice Trevor), 3 m. N.W. 



of Bedford. Tho park, through which 

there is a footpath, is pleasant and 
well wooded — the CTi. has a Dee. ar- 
cade and N. aisle with a modem chan- 
cel. The tower is good Perp. The 
AouM stauds close to the river sur- 
rounded by noble trees. GolSington, 
2 m. N.B. of Bedford, ia worth a visit. 
The houses are grouped picturesqutjy 
round the green. Tv,roey CK., rich in 
monuments of Mordanntii, and A\ibeH 
(C. L. Higgins, Esq.) are G m. by rail. 
The next station is Otney, 4^ m.(Inn.- 
Bull), where Cowper lived. The poet* s 
'lOuse, at the corner of the market- 
ilace, and garden remain, and the 
louse in which he kept his hares, and 
the greenhouse. Ids " summer seat," 
are still shown. ITie railway continues 
past Horton to, 11 m., NorOutm^U/a. 

7J m. from Bedford by rail is Sham- 
btook. In the neighbourhood are se- 
veral churches worth visiting, and 
some interesting excursions may ba 

(a) To Felmarsham, 2} m., Ch. 

gi. E.) very fine, with remarkable 
erp. rood screen; thence, 2 ra., to 
Od^ CA., which has some good stained 
glass and a rich Jacobean pulpit ; 
mence, IJ m., to Harold ; and ttienoe, 
crossing the bridge over the Ouao, to 
(about H m.) Turvey (supra). 

(6) To, 2m.N.W.,SouJdr™,thenoo 
ncroHs the Selds to, 2} m., the Ck. of 
Wgminglon (late Dec), one of the best 
examples in the county. Observe ex- 
terior of tower and spire. 

Bbdcebuby Fabe, see Cranbrook. 

Be£B, see Seaton. 

Beer Alston, see Tavittock. 

Beer Fuhbsbs, see TattUtock. 

Beeston, see Cromer. 

Beleiqh Abbey, see llaldon, 

Selford (NorthumberleDd), 
Stat, about midway between Berwiek 
and Alnwick, being !17 min. by roil 
from former, and 43 min. from 
latter. Inn; *Bell. Near the town, 
on the Chapel HOI, are ruins of an old 
chapel : the wild pink (lManihu» del- 
toides) is found here ; 1 m. S.E. at 
OiUdieiteT are remains of square Ro- 
man oamp, with wide fbese and double 
rampart. Excurihiu may be made (1) 
to (^lliwjham, 8 m. from Beltbrd Stat. 



BELLINOBAM—BEL8A T. 



(see Wooler); from the billa beliiod 
Belford ie flue view over moorland to 
tUa Cheviots ; (2) Bamborough, 4 m. 
xt, and the Fame Mandi, by a ploa- 
Bant drive skirting Waren Bay and 
deBCending on the castte b; the Budle 
Hills; (3) to Holy Itland and the 
ruined abbey of Lindiifame (aeo 
Bamborough), 5 m, from Seal Stat. 
Hire conveyance at Belford and drive 
direcl^ viS Beal. The boat hire is li- 
each passenger each way. Another 
ronto la throagh the village of Elwiiek, 
but thia is not available for horses or 
carriages, which must go fay way of 
BoM. About S m. )il. of Belfbrd 



HtUa, remarkable for their rare plants ; 
the view from them extends as &r as 
tbe Bass Book. 

Belllngrham (Northumber- 
land), Stat., 1 hr. 40 min. by rail 
from Newcastle. Jnn: Bailway Hotel. 
The Ch. of Si. CuOberl, dating fiom 
lath cent., has maaaive stone roof 
upon ribbed arches (restored 1865); 
1 m, N., crossing hillside to head of a 
plantation in a long rift of the hill, 
ia Hareekaw Linn, a waler&ll 30 ft. 
high ; the district abonnds in sijuaie 
oamps, of which may be mentioned 
those at Garret Holt, Reedswood, and 
Nook Hill. W. of Bellingham a drive 
of 8 m. may be taken by Charlton and 
Greyilead Boikt to Falcone, beauti- 
fully sitaated in wooded vjley sur- 
nranded by moors, returning hyrail if 
needful ; a further eicuraioa W. may 
be made to Kidder {*0 mia. by rail), 
lihence an eioursion may be 
up the valley tn a shooting-Jodge 
the Cattle (,Duke of Northumberland), 
beautifully situated on a bill called 
Humphrey's Knowe and backed by 
the moorlands of Peel Fell -'■ ' - 
preached by pictiiresqnfi biro 
end of wbioll the Kielder Bum falls 
into the Tvne. S. of Belllngha 
may fae Tinted Wark (Jnn, cloae 
station , patronised by anglers) — 16 mi 
ty rail 4 m. W, is the pioturesqi . 
Tillage of Boteg Baaer, on the crags 
above Warks Bum; square camps 
abouud in this neighbourhood. About 
a m. 8.E. of Wark U tbe beautlM 



iteresting ChipAaie CatUe (H. 
Taylor, Esq,), buUt in 13th cent, by 
Peter' de Insula. 1 m. 8.W. of 
Chipchase is Nftmnck, in beautifully 
wooded park on W. bank of the Tyne. 
A little S-TV. of Nvnuidt is Bimon- 
fruni. From bete the tourist can pro- 
Deed to ChdOfrUm Stat., abont 3 m. ; 
thence to Hexham, the soeneiy tbe 
whole way highly picturesque. 

Diiianea. — Morpeth by rail, 2} hia. ; 
Hexham, 50 ni" 

B«" 
BIJ-- . - 

ployed in Uessn. Struts s Cotton MOlt, 
built m 1776, the Roiiery Mittt of 
Ward and Co., and Brettle and Co., 
almost the larsMt lu the Mogdom, 
' ia nait-m^ong. John of Gannt 
a benebctor of the town. The 
itry to W. Is full of beautiful 
lery. It is a delightful walk of 
n. to Depth O'Lumb, a romaiktic 
„ L. Betum through Hailewood to 
Hilford, a ramble of abont 6 m. To 
WiTktaoHh, 6 m., keeping along the 



road from Newcastle to Otterbum [lee). 
Jnn.- Castle. Beliay HaU (Sir A. 
Monde Middloton, tiart.) is a Doric 
mansion. In tbe park is the let^ and 
vary picturesqae peel-tower called BeU 
my Cadle. The portion used as the 
steward's roaidonce is temp- Jas. 1. 
The old lower, temp. Hen. V., is 
very perfect, and tbe largest in Norlh- 
umbeiland. 

Excariiont. — (1) 4 m. B. is 8tam- 
fordham, on the green of which is 

fictiiresque Jlfarl^t Ilouu, of date 
785. TheCft.D/St.ilfQri/haamonn- 
ment of J. Bwiufanme, 1623; in 8. 
aisle is curious sculpture of the Criici' 
fliion; in chancel are preserved 2 
eSlgios of Fenwick family and 1 of a 
priest (2) 3 m. N.W. of Belsay is a 

battlementod peel-tower called 

Tomer <W. Dent Dent, Esq.); 

,W. of thla, at Bolam, on site of 

oaatic, is Bohxm Hoaee 



*0 



BELSAY—BBLVOin CASTLE. 



nnd single one on the E. The Ch. 
parily Norm. The " ShorMat Poroh " 
aaa 2 Bepnlchi-al crosses, and half- 
length effigy of knight ia 
Tbrae ia a oatnp at Suckkoe, 

by 70, and another of Kime _._ 

OU Slate Sm. About 3 m. N. of 
Bolam is EarOnait (see Morpdh). 
(3) 2i m. N.W. of Belaay is Ham- 
ham, sitaated on n height At back 
of the preseuc manEioa are consider- 
able remaiaa of the nacieot fortresa. 
In a garden benealJi a terrace, cnri- 
omly adorned with two-faoed Blone 
busts, is a cave, where waa bnried the 
celebrated beauty " Madam Katherine 
Babiugton," d. 1670 ; the spot com- 
mands a wide view. On N, aide ol 
Hamliain Moor, E. of a hill called 
Humber Dodd, are the antiquities 
known as the Poind aiid las JIfan, 
cooBiBtiuK of a nide pillar, 6} ft. high, 
and nearly 5 ft iqaare ; a lai^ bar- 
row, in which a cotfin was foand, and 
traces of a smaller barrow. This i 
oursion may be continued about 2 
W. to CapheaUm; returning 1 m. to 
high TOM, are passed the wQd imd 
picturesque Shafiot Cragt, a faTonrite 
pic-nic resort ; an isolated ftrngment is 
called The DeoWi FumiMxmH, tmai 
the singular basin on its saamit ; the 
hollow beneath is called "Bhaftoo 
Hall." 8. of the cr^s, an ash called 
"fA« Chapel Tree" marks aite of an 
ancient chapel. A remarkable in- 
cised tombstone, found here in ISSl, 
Is hnilt into wall of an outbuildiiig 
of the neighbouring farmhouse (East 
Bhafloe). In this neighbourhood manv 
remarkable plants may be found. 
lane 1. from high reed, called S 
Lane, leads J a. to picturesque village 
of Caphealoit, with pleasant 



burnea. Capbeaton lias valuable li- 
toaiy, chiefly Freneh, and is also very 
rich in topographical works, 2 m. W, 
is BavingUm Hall (W. H. Shafloe, 
lilsq.), witli lake in Jront; hence the 
return lo Belsay mny be made by 
another road, by Kirkheaton. At 
6 m, from Belsay, and 2 m. beyond 
the tm'iiing to Caphealon, ia Barle 
Tinner (T. Anderson, Esq.) ; the W. 
tower ia the oldest part (prim lo 1542). 
A batUemented ISthn^nt. tower Laa 
beenaddedouN.E.(lii6G). Tliehouse 
coQlnins two nf the Qnest existing 
apecimens of Canalettt ; on 1. of roed 
is Kirkharle Park (T.Anderson, Esq.). 
The tiny CS. 0/ R Wilfrid is of goo.1 
form and proportions, though much 
mutilated : in cbancel is tomb of 
Hvehard Lorraine, d. 17S8. 3 m. fur- 
ther on is beautiful village of Kirk 
Whelpinglon, on oliCf above river 
WansDook ; the tower is the moat 
interesting part of the Ch. The road 
now gradually ascends to, 3 m. t^her 
on. Oltereapi Hill, a bleak moor, 3} m. 
b^nd which ia passed Maakridge. an 
old hall of the Do Lisles ; hence, it ia 
about 2 m. through the wild mora- 
land district of Rcdesdalo to Olteiimni, 
(4) An excursion may aleo be made to 
Morpelk, II m., passing at 3 m. Ogle 



a lake of 90 acres m the park. At 
E. end of village some very curious 
ancient gates load to Capheiton HaU 
(Capt. Sir I, Swinburne, Bt„ E.N.), 
K^ilt 1668. The N. froat ia entirely 
modernised. The ioterestiag S. &ont 
retains its ancient windows, richly 
omsjnented cornices and sun-dials. 
The original doorway in centre [now 
blocked up) has emblematic figures 
of the master receiving a poor atraiiger. 
On B, front are the arms of tlie Swin- 



CatOe. 

Belstone, see DaTtmoor. 

Belton, see GranOiam. 

Bkltedbbb, see Brilh. 

Belvoir Castle, pronounced 
"Beever" (Leices.), 4 m. 8. of Bottes- 
fbrd Slat., Midland Rly.— a car can 
be obtained at the Rutland Armt, 
Bottestord— is the noble seat of the 
Duke of Rutland, proudly situated on 
a beautifully wooded hill, overlooking 
a lai^ expanse of countiy. The en- 
trance haU contains figures in armour, 
and the s/oiremB portraits of Earls of 
Butland, by KnelUr ond Vaadifck. In 
the iiwenCe GnHery are tap* stry scenes 
from Don Quixote; ahto portraits by 
Lely, and the Death of Lord Manners, 
hyStothard. Inthecliapelisaltar-pieoe 
by Marillo. The Libiary has 2 por- 
treits of Chas. II,, by Vandyck and 
Vosterman. The dramtvi-room ia in 
T^uis Quatarre style, and hss painted 
ceiling and it aeries of ntinisturea in 



BERKELEY— BER WICK-ON-TWEED. 



41 



oomportmentB. Diaing^oom : see 
marble table and white cloth, by Wyatt. 
Ficlure GaUery: Obeerve eepeciaUj 
the 7 Sacraments, JV. Poussin. Pieeenta- 
tioa, JHuWHo. The PcoverbB, by Tenien. 
Ciucifilion, Vandydc. Shepherd ond 
Shepherdess, £uJi«iu. See the magiiifi- 
cent i>ieic from these roome, mcluding 
Uncoln Cathedral and Nottingham 
Caatte. The keep of Bekoir is colled 
tie Btouuton Towor. In the grc 

IB the JKatMoJeutn (apcciat permi 

required), with beaiitiM otflgy of tlie 
late Buchess of Hutland. Part of the 
site of the Priory is oraupied by a 
ooinibrtablo little Jnn. 

Behbbidoe, aee Wight, lele of. 

BBHElcroH, see SaliAwy, 

Bengbo, Bee Herl/ord. 

Ben liKTDDiso, Bee IVdey. 

Benthali, Edge, see Bro»^ey. 

Bkbesfobd Dale, aee Donedale. 

BcBOHOLT, East, see Mauniiiglree. 

Berkeley (Gloureat.). 2i m. 
W. of HerkeW Bond Stat., Midland 
Ely. Jnn; Berkelej Arms. ""' 
Caitle (Lord Fitzhardinge) ia on 

the few baroDJal fortiQsses still 
luituted. Shown on TueBdnya aotl 
Fridays betireen 12 and 4, except 
the private apartmentfi. Here King 
Edward II. waa murdered, 1327. It is 
an irregidar building, nearly circular, 
with a moat. The keep, erected 1093, 
had additions (o it in the 12th and 
14th centa. The warder's walk at the 
lop ia perfect. The dungeon in which 
Edwarf II. was murdered, ia over a 
gatehoDse leading into the Keep. A 
tan lover contains the onbtielte into 
which prisoners were let down &om 
above. The MI has alargeobimnej- 
pIsM (Edw. III.). There nre many 
family and other portraits by Lely, 
Janten, &e. The Chapel le thoroutrhly 
medireval, with a sacmrium of 2 
BloreyB. The W. part is divided by a 
floor into 2 chambers, each with a 
firephtce and aeporate enlrances, the 
lower from the hall for retainers, the 
upper or oriel, from the dining-room, 
fur familj and guests. The CIi. (re- 
stored by Scott) is good K E. with 
detached tower. JfonuntenCi : (a) be- 
tween nave and 8. aisle, alabaster 
effigiw of Lord E. and wife, 1 4lh cent,; 



(b> in S. atale, their children. S. of 
the cliancol is an elaborate bnrinl 
chapel (Hen. VI.), cmbeUiahed with 
the arms and epigrams of the B. 
family. A beaiitifdly carved stone 
screen separates the chancel and 

Bebbibw, see WeUhpool. 

Bbbhthabbob, sea Lynioa. 

Bbbbi Pomkbot, see Torquay and 

Tofnei. 
Benvlck - on - Tweed 

(Nortbumb.). By rail from Ahiwiek, 
li hr. Inns: "King's Arms: 'Eed 
Lion. The station occupies courtyard 
of the ancient castle. On N,, in a 
green field away from the town, are 
ruins of Lord Soulis' Tower, and a fine 
peutagonsl building called the Bell 
Tower, from thealarm-bell being hung 
in it There is a fine view over the 
Tweed to Holy Island and Bamboroogh 
Castle; a pleasant walk is affurded 
by the ancient ramparts (temp, Eliza- 
beth). The at. of Holy Triaity, of 
debased Gothic, built lG5:i, waa re- 
stored, and chancel added in 1S55 ; it 
baa stained glass windows, by Wailei. 
The pulpit in thU Cb. ia said to be 
the identical one from which John 
Knoi preached. Close by is the hand- 
some Oothio Frethylerian Ch. 

20 min. walk on the N, rooil is 
Baiidoii HiU. the aceno of Edw. Ill.'a 
engagement, 1333. Connected with 
Berwick by a bridge, and the Cdoaal 
railway Viadwt over the Tweed, 2160 
ft long, is the suburb of Tvxedm<nilk, 
1 m.E.ofwliich is the bathing place of 
SpitiaL This rly. viaduct (the " Boyal 
Border Bridge ") was opened by Queen 
Victoria in 1650. It has 28 arches, 
each 61} ft. in span, and is 129 ft 
high in the centre. Its cost waa 
207.0001. 

Excartiotie.—IXi Holy Iilarid, 9 m., 
may be reached by the sands at low 
water (see Bamboroiigh). (2) To 
Xorham (20 min. by r^l). The 
CaiUe, diiting fmm 1121, was restored 
by Bp. Pu<&y, who built the great 
tower in 1154 ; Ittlle now remains but 
the (ireat keep lower, 70 ft higli, and 
the double ga^way which led to the 
bridge orer meat In the village the 
Ch. of St. Ctithbert, modemisetl 1(152, 



BBTTW8- Y-COED. 



18 Norm., but the E. end, which has 
figure of a knight, is E. Beo. It has 
massive towor, with Norm, zigiag 
arches ; tho nave has Norm. BWiide of 
5 baya; the stained gloss is by BaX- 
lantine. A pleasaut walii may be 
taken by the river-side, on opposite 
banks of whicb ate tlie woods of 
Lady-kirk. 2 m. (by rail) 8, of 
Norham, on E. bank of tbe TUl, are 
the gaunt ruins of TWxel Cattie, 
beg^in 1770, and never flnished; from 
the terminals seen another (inhabited) 
cofltlo (M™. S. Blake). In the hoi. 
low is the picturesque 16tli-cenl. 
Ttouel Bridge, leading to Ftodden (see 
WooleT), a tittle below which is 
St. SeUn'e Well, a petrifyinR spring. 
A little N.W. of Twizel is Titlmoutk, 
with tlie inaigniflcant ruins of St, 
Culhheree Cliapel. About i ra. N.W. 
is tlio square enoompment called Holy 
Ckestert. Tlie antiquariun should 
visit the old castle of Edringloa, SJ m. 
from Berwick. 

BsTHEaDA, uee Bangor. 

Bettws Csdkwws, sea Mtmigoiaary. 

BettwH-v-Coed (Caernar- 
von.}, Stat.. L. k N. W. Rly., 40 mm. 
by rail from Conway or Llandudno 
June. Innt : *Koyal Oak ; Waterloo ; 
Gwider H. A favourite station for the 
artist and angler, and an admirable 
centre whence to esploro the K. side 
of Bnowdon and valleys of the Lledi 
and MHclmo. For hints as to fishing, 
and fbr tickets (7s. 6d. a day, or 30e. 
a week), apply to landlord of Eagle 
Hotel, Laitnnst. 

ExcuTsion*. — (a) Up the valley of the 
Lledr, Dolwyddelan, &c. Ely. in pro- 
gress to Pfeatiniog, through a long 
tunnel. The tourist must take the 
road on opposite side of the stream to 
the Pentrevoelaa road, as far as junc- 
tion of the Lledr wilhtheConway, 2m. | 
hence it is 4^ m. of wild and lovely 
valley, with grand view of Moel Siabod, 
to IMtitydMan (atat.), a village of 
elate quarrietB (/nn ; Elen'a Castle), 
whence there is an easy N.W. ascent 
io Mool Siabod. 1 m. beyond the 
village ate remains of Doiwyddelan 
Ca»tle, a solitary tower on a ste^p 
overhanging the pass. At the village 
tlio valley of the Llcdi is crossed by 



the Roman road of 5am Bden, wliich 
may be plainly traced ascending Podb- 
mnaen and crossing the hills to S. 
From Dolwyddelan the pedestrian, by 
help of luap and compass, may proceed 
' ' } Nant Gwynant, and thence to 
Igelert. 12 m.; (b) to the slate 
quarlies of Ffeetiniog, 5 m., ooach 
twice daily, until rly. is open ; (o) 
under E. escarpment of Moel Siabod 
to Capel Caria, S m. ; (b) one of the 
pleasuntest walks, of about 2 hn., is to 
Capel Cramion, a bill top commaading 
one of the best views of the Snow- 
donian range. Crossing the Waterloo 
Bridge on the road to Corwen, a sCile 
and narrow path between 2 walls 
leads up the hill by a well marked 
path, (e) By keeping the tower road 
after crossing the Waterloo Bridge 
you may reach, 1 m. S., a deep 
ravine called Fort Noddyn, tbtougb 
which the Conway runs, (d) As- 
oeuding tlie Corwen mad from the 
Waterloo Bridge, I) m. further on, at 
junction of the Fifestiniiw road, a 
footpath leads through field on the rt. 
to tAe Fali» nf the Cimteay. A small 
fee is charged for admiasiou. From a 
rock above the ftdia is good Tiev of 
the wonderful ravine of the Con- 
way, and the junction of tlie two 
streams ; the tourist should then re- 
turn to the rood by the bridge, and 
walk down the Conway, to a point 
right opposite that above tbo falls, for 
a noble view of headlands and hilla. 
From this point tbe ravine of tlie 
Machno may be followed to the falls 
of that stream, of which the best vievr 
is from gardens of Fandy Mill. There 
ate stepping-stones above tbe river, a 
little way above tbe fiklls. The rood 
from Fandy Mill to tbe Lledr Bridge 
affbrda many oppartunilies of getting 
down to brink of the ravine, where 
striking views of cascade, ni[Hd, and 
hill will repay the eiploror, From 
the Conway Falls the tourist may 
proceed — 4i m. S.E., to Pentrevoelat ; 
thence to Coneiit. 20 m. frran Bettwa; 
or— 2{ m. S., by banks of the Hoohno, 
to Fenmaelma, a good fishing statioa 
for Llyn Conway, about 4 m. to the S. 
(e) 2i m, from Bettws y-Coed, foUow- 
ing tlie Capel Cnrig road, is tliu 



BEVEELET. 



pictoresquo Rhaiadr Wetu^ water- 
fiiil (tee Capel Cur^ and Llanrwel). 
</) To Ltaitnimt, i m. by road, or 
10 miD. by mil. 

Beverley (Yorks.), Stat., N. E. 
Kly. Inni : 'Beverlev Anna ; Holder- 
DOBB, This is an old-fRahioned (own 
of couEidetable antiquity, g m. horn 
Sidi, and ij lir. by rail from York, 
Ensland does not possesa a mure beau- 
tiful Gothic CI. than Beverley Miatter 
(restored by Saitl). The whole build- 
ing eastward of the nave (with oue 
or two excepttonj) is E. E., duting 
from the flnt half of the 13th coot. 
The nitTe ia late Deo., and dates 
from about the year 1350. The K. 
porch and great W. &ont are Perp. 
of later date. The eastern portion of 
the Cb- aboold be flret visited, since 
it is the eorlieat in date, and its 
general design haa been followed in 
the nave. 

The choir-Bcreeo is of good modem 
work. Within the Choir, the yisilor 
should remark the singular piera at 
the interseotioD of the lesaeror eastern 
transi^pt, which differ in design Iron 
those of every other part of building. 
Tlie nialU of the choir deserve careful 
attention. The loner portion, with 
the misererea, aro probably earlier 
than the superb maaa of tabernacle 

Filling the arch between Uie choir 
and the N.E. transept is the famous 
Fereg Stirine, oue of the most beeuti- 
fid compoeitiDnB of the Dec. period 
renuduing in Eu^and, and (although 
the monumental ^gy has disappeared) 
wonderfidly perfect lu all its details. 

The Lady Chapel prpjecta eastward 

beyond the eastern tra '" -~' '*" 

bcau^ of its E.-E. 
spedal notice. 

On the exterior the fino 
tion of the N. and S. IVouts of the 
^at transept should be observed. 
The great features, hoitever, are the 
North Porch, and the W. frontwith 
its lowers. Both of these a 
^e North Porch, which ia e . 
^racefbl, rises higher than th'e aisle, 
the upper part forming a parviee. The 
Wett Front is a fine example of a 
Perp. composition. From toi 



of the towers there is a mag- 
niflcent view over the rich level 
district through which the Uoll river 
"jws. 

St. Mari^i Church (opposite tlio 
Beverley Arms") is a magnificent 
structure (restored by Scott). It is 
cruciform, with a central tower, and 
is Dec. (chancel, arches, and aisles) 
and Perp. (nave and tower), although 
it retains some portions of earlier 
character. Notice on pillur near pulpit 
figures of minstrels; also font (date 
1530). On the exterior remark the 
West Front, dating late lu the reign 
of Edw. III., and a very fine exumue 
of transition from Deo. to Perp, The 
window is true Perp, with a parapet 
above it The central tower is mas- 
sive Ferp. with a panelled parapet, 
and numerous small pinnacles. 

The rich and remarkable sculpture 
throughout this ch. calls for L'special 
notice, and should be compared with 
that of the Minster. 

Of the ancient gateways. North liar 
alone remains, and is perhaps l«mp. 
Edw. III. 

The visitor who has time Kliould 
pass out of Ucverlcy by this gate, re- 
marking, in the road beyond it, 1, the 
Eait Elding Se»tion» Bouae and House 
of Corrertion, built 1805-9 ; and the 
Eait York Militia Depot, a castellated, 
white brick building. Turning I., 
beyond the Vnian WorkhoiiK, is a 
common pasture of 504 acres called 
Wediimod, given to the town by Abp. 
XevUle ill 1380. A [K>rtion of it, 
called Burton Bushes, is vexj plea- 
sant ; and tbero are fine vicwa of 
Beverley and the Minster. 

2| m. N. of Beverley ia the rate of 
LeiMnfield Caitie. a residence of tbo 
Percys, of which the moat alone re- 
mains. The castle gives a tiUe to 
Col. Wyndham, Lord Leconfleld, of 
Petworm in Sussex, one of the r«)re- 
sentatives of the Percys. The vilhge 
is very picturesque. 

Some interesting churches, especi- 
ally the new ch. of Dalton Holme, and 
those of Bayntaa and Kirldmme, may 
be visited iu a drive on the old high 
road to Ualton. The uoble Ch. of 
Dalton Holme (completed 18G1) was 



41 

erected at a coat of 26,00DL, eotirelf 
defrayed by the late Lord Hotham. 
The beautiful tovei and spire, toge- 
ther 200 ft. high, are very atiiking. 

Bewdler (Wore.), Slat. Sev. 
Vnil. Ely. June, with Tenbuiy Br. Gt. 
W. Kly. (Inn- George), ia an import- 
ant town on the Severn, with beunli- 
ful Bceae:^ ia the vicinity, nnd the 
Forest of Wyre. The rare British 
iDOtli Strauitui fagi is found in this 

BicKLEV. see Chiitehant. 

BrcTOH, see Sidiaoaih. 

BiDDENHAU, Bce Bedjord. 

BiDDESTON, see CnrAam. 

Bldeford (Devon.), StaL 9 m. 
fVom Barnstaple ; iS\ m. from Exeler. 
Jnru .- New Inn ; Tantoa's family 
Hotel ; Commercial Inn. Stesmers 
run during the summer to llfrocomlio 
nod occasionally to Lundy Island ; also 
to Bristol, throughout the year, calling 
at Ilfracombe. The town is prettily 
placed on a hillside shelving to the 
river Torridge, and has been well de- 
scribed in 'Westward Ho.' Thebridge, 
677 ft. in length, and the Qaag ad- 



breaking out of the Rebellion, com- 
mands a fine view of the town. Plea- 
sant walks may be taken to Orleioh 
Court, 5 m., where there is a remark- 
able outlyingpatoh of grocnsand; and 
along the lank of tlie river to JTeor 
(7i^DriI,4m., where there are an aucieut 
(15th cent.) bouse (Earl Forteecue's) 
and interesting Ch. 1^ m. beyond is 
Toniaglon (see). The small but ris- 
ing watering-place of Iiiefom Quay 
(Stat.), 2J m.S., ia situated at junc- 
tion of the Taw and Torridge, where 
good boating and sea-&hing may be 
had. There is a ferry to ApfMore, 
whence it is 2i m. walk across Noitli- 
am Burrows to Weitviard Ho, which 
may be also reached by omnibus, 3 m., 
from Bidcfiird. ■ The advantages of 
Wealward Ho ate quiet, a singularly 
pure and bracing nir, a long reach of 
sands, and facilities for visiting some 
of the most beandful coast scenery iu 
N. Devon. On the Northam Burrows 
ia the pta^ing-grotind of cue of the 



BEWDLKY—BIDEFOSD. 



best golf-links in the kingdom, and 
the visitor may also enjoy capital 
bathing, fishing, and rabbit shooting. 
Besides the Westward Ho Hotel, 
which is comfortable and weU-mnD- 
nged, tliere are the Pebble Ridge 
Hotel, at N. end of village ; a large 
boarding house called f&e villa (ia 
connection with the Westward Ho 
Hot«l); and numerous lodging-houses. 
From here tlie pedestrian may cross 
from Appledore to Braunton, and 
tlionce proceed (S m.) along the coast 
by Morte Buy to U/Taeombe; or if his 
object be to gain the N. coast of Corn- 
wall, he nmy proceed by Clovelly to 
Hartland (i m.), aud theiloe by way 
of Morwcnstiiw (where there is a 
splendid old chureh) and Bude. Tho 
distance to CloveUij from Bideford is 
11 m. W. On the road to it ia psased, 
4 m., the highly picturesque Ch. of 
AliBtaglon, with a fine Perp. tower ; 

3 m. beyond, on rt, Baekish Mill, n 
fishing vJlage, and 1^ in. turn into 
the Hobby (carriage la., pedestrhiii 
Gd.), which continues 3} m. to the 
romantic village of Chvelly. (Jim: 
Now Inn.) Having eiplored this, the 
stranger should next proceed to Clo- 
velly Court (Lady Mary Williams); 
charge for admission Sd. each perscoi. 
Clovelly is the nearest port to Lundy 
Idaad, 13 m. distant. During the 

~ Tier small steamers ocosionolly 

fiom Bideford to Lundy, calling 

at Clovelly. The island is about 3| 

long and very irregular in breadtli, 

imging about i m. The visitor 

sbonld by all means ascend the tower 

of the Ughthoute, in tho centre of the 

island, which commands a fine view. 

4 m, from Clovelly, W., is Hardand 
Town (iiiB; Kings Arms), a retired 
place about 2 m. ftnm the sea, at tho 
head of wooded vale of HarBaad 
AUkhj (SirlG. Stnoley, Bart). The 
CTi., caUed the Ch. of Sbthe-Nectan, ia 

exceedingly interesting building. 

■ ' (ill ft.), screen, pulpit, 

a.e old monuments, doserre 
>ecial notice. From the Ch. walk to 
'aTliand Quay and descend upon the 
rocks beyond. 

BiBSTON, seo Birkenltead. 
BiflRi^RV, see KingilT.dge. 



font, nnd s( 



SIOGLESWADE—BIBMINGHAX. 



43 



Ot. 

Swao. This tovm U dtoated 

river Ivel, aod is the lai^est 

county except Bedford. The Ch. at 
Jrlegeg (Arlescj £ Shefibrd Roiul Sta- 
tion), 10 min. by mi, ia of much in- 
teresL It la Doc. (navo and aisles) 
with a Tadoi chapel added to the end 
of the S. alBle, and portions of E. E. 
work in the chi^cel. The raofe Eire 
original and good. The octagonal 
font bus iiicliBd at the aides of the 
basin containing temiukable flgnres. 
Round the stem are figores of priests. 
The whole is mnob mntilated. 

BiGHTON, sec Winehetter. 

BiCNon, see ChUhetUt 



Stat. G. E. Rly. A small market 
In tho pariah of Great Borstead, situ- 
ated on an eminence, commanding fine 
views of the Thames and over the 
Kentish hills. 

o m. S. are the Lan°don Hills, CMn- 
manding a beautiful Tiew of the 
Thaiuos and of tho Medvay. 

BllJ,E8D0N, see MeUon Mouibray. 
BiLLixaBAM, see BUxMoa-oti'Tete. 
Hitmos Abbey, see Wareham. 
BiNFlELD, ace Ateot. 
Slng-taum rNotts.)— Stat. Gt. 
N.Ely. Inn: ChesUtfield Anns— has 
a fine cruciform Ch. of E. E. and Bee. 
dates, with beautiful carving on the 
capitals of the N. aisle. Monuments 
to B. de Biogbam (temp. Bich. 11,). 
The Rt Hon. Robert Lowe was bora at 
the recstory. Abp. Cranmer was boro 
at, and tta some years held the hviug 
of, AAoekbm, 2 m. E. 
BiNruu Abhet, see WdU (Norfolk). 
BiHSBT, see Oxford (Bio,) 
BisarBAD, see WiqU, Iile of. 
BmcHniOTO?!, see MargaU. 
BiKDLiF, sec Gtoaeetter, 
Blrkenhend (Cbcsbire\ idl 
m. from Enston-square, L. & N. W. 
Kly., and 15 m, by rail from Chester. 
EEsectially a place of modem growUi. 
It is situated on the Cheahira side of 
the Mersey, under which a tunnel (1 m. 
long) is in progress. The Terminua ia 
reached at JtfonVjt Ferry, wbero a rail- 
way boat ciowea to St Qeoige's Pier 



(Liverpool)on the arrival of each tnun. 
Those who vfisb to see tbe docks and 
town should proceed to Gough'i Hotel 
(good), immediately fronting IfDoif- 
ride Ferry, a very short distcutce to 1. 
of Monk's Perry, whence there is a 
continual stream of pesseDgera eiossing 
tho river; steamers every ten minutes. 
Tlie Docki, opened in 1847, through 
the enteiprise of tbe late Mr. Iaim, 
cover a total area of about 497 acres. 
The principal are WiUliuei/ Pool, or 
Great Float, and, connected with it, 
the Eatlera Float. The Park lies 
to N.W, of the town, and is bran- 
tifally laid out from designs by the late 
Sir Josepli Faxton. The numeroDS 
trains afford a cheap and convenient 
means of reaching the park ; Oxlon, 
H m. ; Claughton, where is Si, Aldan's 
Cotlegp, a hnndsome Tudor building ; 
ond suburbs generally. At Bidilon 
Hill, 3i m. W., is the Liverpool Ob- 
servatory. From the Lighthotue a 
■ iw mair ba obtained. 



ipher Tailpole, and the Ring 
Inn is still in existence. l}m. 
on tbe sea-coast is the curious structure 
of Leaeoires Cattle (Gon. Sir Ed. 
Gust), nnd some 3} m. furtlier on, and 
8 ni. from Birkenbeod, is HoyliJie 
(Stat.), a lavonrito sea-side nsidence 
of Liverpool merchants, situated at the 
mouth of the Dee. (Hotel: Royal.) 
Between Wallasey Pool and Nea 
Brighton, 5 m., are rows of pretty 
villas. After leaving tbe swiug bridge 
near the Eastern Float is Seaernabe, 
whence tliero is a steam feny every 
} hr. to Prince's landing^ st^ie. Nem 
Brighton is a very fiivourito watering- 

Cx (Hoffl : Victoria), and commands 
utifnl views of the Channel, Welsh 
mountains, and the mouth of the busy 
Mersey. Steamers run every i hr. to 
Liverpool, 6 m. 

BiBELAND, see Ollerton. 

nirmlii^ham (Warwick.). 
Tbeflne railway station in Stephenson- 
ploee {called " New-street Station ') is 
for the acoammodation of tbe traffic of 
the L. & N. W. and Midi. Rly. Cos. 
Tbe prinoipal lines of tbe former are 
to Loudon via Coventry and Rugby i 
to the North OM Btafiord, Orowe, &c : 



4G 



mUMmGHAM. 



h) Dudley and WoIvcrlinmploD : also 
(SoDtb Btaffd. Rlv.) to Walsall, Lich- 
field, BurtoD, and Derby. The Midi. 
Bly. trains run to London via Lei- 
cester, Ac, ; to Derty, Slieffiold, &c. : 
to Worceator, Gloucester, Bath, and 
Briatol ; also to Weymouth and Boumo- 
iQoutli (Somerset and Dorset lioe). 
LaTatories have beau erected at 
each end of tlie up platform, with 
attendance, &o. There is also a very 
jtood refreshment-room served hy the 
Queen's Hotel, wliicli adjoins. 

Tha Gt. W. Ely. Stat, is at Snow 
Hill, a little N. of the Central Stat. 
Trains to Ijondon via Warwick, Leam- 
ington, and Oxford. Also commu- 
nicatioa nith Worcester, Halvern, 
Hereford, and S. Wales, It ia B very 
comfortablo and convenient stalion, 
with lavatories, &c., and a Urge Hotel 
adjoining. The sborlest and quickest 
roato from Londnn is by L. k N.W. 
Rly. from Euston-Br(uare, !I3 m., in 
aboutShra. Inm: **Qiie(<n'a, Stephen- 
9on-plttCf, (uijoining New-street Slat. ; 
"Great Western, 8ao«-hill: Mid- 
land, New-street ; Hen and Chickens, 
New-fltreet; Plough and HurioiT, a 
favourite hotel at Edebuaton, 11 m, 
from Stephenson-plttce. Birmingham is 
the capital tuna of the Midland 
Counties, and the seat of the hard- 
ware, gloss, gun, steel-pen, and silver 
plate manutuclures. A vUit to the 
principal manufacturing establish- 
ments, and excursions in the neigh- 
bourhood of the town, are the sole 
attractions for the tourist. The Toicn 
Eall, at (he top of New-street^ is i 
very hanilsome building in the styl( 
of a Grecian temple. In it is held the 
celebmted Triennial Musical Festival, 
A performance on tlie loaeni&cent 
or^n (cost between SOOOI. and 400UI.) 
which it contains may be heard on 
Hny Thursday between 1 and 2 f.m. 
The Hall is open to visitors ^free) 
any day except Sunday. In it is 
a fiue marble bust of Mendela- 
aobn. Opposite, in New-street, is the 
Gcnetal Post Office. The pariah Ch. 
of St. Martin's (rebuilt at a cost of 
36,000!.), in Bull King, S. of Central 
Stat., is now one of the finest parish 
churches in the kingdom. It con- 



tains some encicnl monuments (IStli 

cent.) of the de Birminghams, and a 
very interesting recumbent effigy of an 
ecclesiastic, on an alabaster altar-tomb- 
St. Philip's (re-decorated), situated be- 
tween New-street and Suow-hill Stats., 
is a fair eiampls of tha timo of Queen 
Anne. The Sinniiigham mid Midland 
Jtutifub adjoins the Town Hall, and 
contains a School of Science and Art, 
Museum, and Free Library. 

Mantifaetoriet. — These are numor- 
ouB and varied, and moat of them may 
be visited with an introdnction from 
any respectable hotel. Those best 
worth visiting are: (o) EUetroj^ate, 
BIkington & Co., Newhall-street. (6) 
Glati (chandeliers and table-glasB), 
Osier, Broad-street, (c) Mefal-mtrts, 
WinSeld & Co., Cambridge-street, (d) 
Papier-mdoh^, HcCallum & Hodgaoa, 
Summer-row. (e) Ecdetiaitiail laetal- 
icork, Hardman, Newhall-hitl. At all 
thtse the show-roomi are alwavs open. 
(/) Steel-peitt, J. Gillott, (Jrahom- 
street, generally open. At a short dis- 
tance are: Sleiirt, Chance' I Glati-vrorlce 

(plate-glass, lighthouses, Ac), Spon- 
lane (a station on N.W. line to Wolver- 
hampton). Small-armt FacioTg, Small- 
heath (station on Gt W. BIy. to 
London). Every port of the pwoeBS 
of gan-making may be seen here — 
from the rough shaping of the stocks 
to the beautiful finish of the barrels. 
MeiTOpolitan _ Carrlage-aorlcs, Saltley. 
In order tn visit these establishments, 
time must be allowed to obtain order 
from respective directors. 

Excursion*. — (a) Aitoa Soil and 
Parfc2Jni.N. J»jM,- Queen's Hotel; 
HoItHotel. TakeomnibusftomHigli- 
street, or train from New-street Stat., 
to Aston June. The Hidl, a fino 
example of later Elizabethan styl^ 
was buUt, in 1635, by Sir Thoa. Holt, 
who entertained Cllas. 1. here for two 
nighlsheforethebettleofEdgeHill. It 
is now converted into a pulilic museum 
and, together with the grounds adjoin- 
ing, was opened by the Queen in person 
for the benefit of the town in 185S. 
(6) To Edgbaston, the "West End" 
of BiimingDoni. In the Park are the 
Church and Hall. A4ioiniDg is Tillage 
of Harbome, The Churdt has late 



BISHOP AUCKLAND. 



47 



Peril. 



ivier, uiiil ILu ch.-yard com- 
i yery fine view of the Clent 
Mills,4c Ic) To Sidton Park, 7 la.S. 
Tate train at New-Btreot Stat, to SaUon 
GMfieli. Close to that atatioa ia a 
large hotel. From the Park, a plewuuit 
walk of about S m. may bo taken to 
Lichfield, paaaiug Shenatone. (d) To 
D*^, 8i m. N.W. 

i>i»tance»(bjr«il).— TTartncfc Cai6e, 
3 hr.; S(o/ord, 1 hr.; Deriy. IJ hi.; 
Coventrj, ihr, ; KenilvaorthividGovea- 
tryX ^iwit 1 hr. ; 4^tratfotd-oD- Avon, 
about Ij hr. ; Wdverhamptou, \ hr. 

BisBAM, see TAamet. 

JIlHhop Auckland (Di 
ham). Rlv. Stat, nearly equidistant 
(35 min.) from Durham asd Dwling- 
ton. Sotel: •Talbot 

The Wear is here crossed by Newton 
Cap Biidee, built by Bp. SkiiUw, 
1388, on ute of former bndge, of one 
arch, supposed to have been Itoman. 

In the market-plaoe is new Gothic 
Chapel from doagns of Saltin. On E. 
of market-place is approaoh to AwJi- 
}tt»d Cattle, one of ttie manorial rcsi- 



the Gaunleas. Tbo park 
froni the town by an uclyGotliic gate- 
house (1760) ; the chapel at N.E. 
unste of the palace, named aRei Beck, 
and the lemoins of the old forti£cationB 
are ISth cent.; the rest ii Uter. 
Charles I. was leceivcd here both as 
king and ufterwnrda as prisoner. Tbo 
chief feftture of exterior is the chapel, 
and on 1. of cnttsnce a fiao bay window 
of the dining-room, ornamented with 
arms of Bishop Tnnslall. The dining- 
- 1 (60 ft. long, 32 ft, wide, 27" 



d the twelve patriatcbs, by Zurbaran 
(except Benjamin, which is a copy by 
Pond): also the Latin bthera, by 
Bloomart ; the four Evangelists (otei 
tile doors), Laafranc ; and the Coniaro 
family, TiHaa; tbe Uousekeeper'i 
Boom has cuiious oak paoeUing em- 
blazoned with coats of arms ; th( 
Chapel, 81} ft. long, IS ft. wide, con- 
siiets of nave and siae aisles divided by 
cdnsleted marble pillaia; in cenD« of 

KvemeDt is huge slab of black mar- 
I, insotibed with inunense letters; 



tlie grave of Bp. Cosin (d. 
1672) ; it. of entrance is marble monu- 
ment by Nollekem, to Bp. I'revor ; the 
Cartle ami Chapel are iluncn on appli- 
itvm, TliePar'e is open to thepublic. 
About 1 m. N.E. of the caatle is the 
i(e of BinchctUr Hall, once owned by 
the family of Wren, and near it is ft 
Boman hypocaiut, which is entered 
from a trap-door In the middle of a 
field. A few steps below the sur&ce 
of the ground is a chamber about 
22 ft. by 21 ft., the roof being originally 
supported by no leas tiian eigb^-eight 
small square brick pillars, eighty-two 
of which are still standing. 

Efcurtitms. — To Barnard Caatle, 
by St. AndreiB Auckland, SL Helen 
Auddattd, Baby CaelU, Staindrop, and 
Streatlam CattU. 

1^ m. E.E. is SI. Andrew) Auckland 
(1300), a complete and very fine speci- 
men of an K. E. cruciform Ch. ; among 
tiia broken braaaee is that of Frides- 
monda, Ist wife of Bp. Barnes, 1581; 
11 fine cioes-legged figure in wood, of 
knight in chain-armour, is supposed to 
■- T one of the FoUaid family. 

About 2 m. S.W. of St. Andrew- 
Auckland is St. Hflm Aucklaad ; the 
Ch. of which is late Norm. ; the chan- 
cel walls and windows are E. E. ; ob- 
the high pews (1600), with open 
balnstraded tops. About 6 m. S.W. is 
llahij Cattle, a little B. of which is 
Staindrtyp, with its interesting ch.; 
whence it is about 6 m. W. to Barnard 
CatlU, passing midway SlreaUam 
CatiU ! return (o Biehop Auckland 
by rail (40 min.) from Barnard Castle. 
To Windleiton Hall, Merringlon, &c ; 
about 3} m. E. U WindUiton Hall (Sir 
W. Eden, Bart) ; about 3 m. N. of 
Windleston is MerriagtOH Ch., rebuilt 
1854 ; the screen of black oak is temp. 
Charles I. From Merringlon, return 
by direct road about 3J m. 

To Braticepelh, Brandon Ch., and 
Bittterby. Take rail (20 min.) to 
£ranccp«lA, 5 min. walk Irom which ia 
the ancient CaitU of the NevilUi,Bnd 
close to this again, the reineiliable Ch. 
of St. Brandon ; the tumulus on Bran- 
don Hill may also be visited from 
henoe; the excnrsiou may be con- 
tinued to the Moated Grange at But' 



18 



BISBOP'3 CASTLE— SLACKHEATK 



hrhij, nboiit 3 ni. N.E. of Urancepeth 
tvsta Brancepetb retom to Blahop 
Auckland ciuiei by rail, or iraik (r~ 
flrtvej to MeninKtoD, aboat 6 m. S.E 
^Bsing at 4 m. WhUaorth Park. T 
SedgefiiM, Harimdhe Park, andBiihop 
Middkham. Take rail to Bnilbuj; 
StaL (1 hr.X whence it is 2 m. to 
Hardwicke Hall (C. Bramwcll. Esq^.), 
and i m. B. of thia Sed^field, with its 
tiandHoine restored ch. ; about 2 m. 
N.W. of Bedgefield ia Siihop MiddU- 
Itam. i m. W. of which ia Maini/orth 
Hall (Mrs. Snrtees); the oak-tree 
end of its terrace woa planted by I 
Walter Scott (all the above dcBoribed 
under Dnrliam). 

Ditlatteee (hy rail). — Middleton-in- 
Teesdale, 1} hr. : Hottlepool, 2 krs.; 
Castle Eden, 2$ hrs. : Stockton, 1 hr. 
20 Diin.; Middlesborougli, 1} hv. 

BI»llop'H CtlMtle {Salop). 
Slat J hr. Jtom Cra.'vea Arms June., 
L. SrN.W.Hly. Jn»: Castle. There 
are interestiiii; early remains in the 
neighbonriiood. (a) Sm. S. at Bury 
DiUhet, a remarkaiile Sax. camp, ellip- 
tical and enclosing four actea (3 m. 
beyond is C7un), The riew is fine 
towards the Lougwjnd. (6) Early 
circles and upright stones on Comdon 
Mount, about 5 m. N. 

Bishop's Frooue, see Ledbary. 

Bishop's Ltdeard, see Tannlon. 

Bishop's Button, see Winchsiter. 

BuHOPfrroNE, see Neakaven. 

Bishop flitortford (HerU). 
SUt. GL E. Ely. Inni: 'George: 
CheanerB. Situated on the Stort, 
which is navigable to this plac«. It 
was granted by William the Con- 
queror to the Bps. of London, hence 
its name. The Ch., a Pe^. stractnre, 
has u flgnre of its patron, St Ifichael, 
over the N. door. In the chancel are 
some stalls, and various monumenU to 
the Dennys and others. Here also is 
an old UbTary. There is a pleasant 
walk to HalliagbuTy Place, a stately 
mansion in a well-wooded paik, 2 m. 
S.E.— Hatfield Forest, in the same di- 
reotiou, 3 m. E., affiods some charming 
sylvali views. Ilaifield " Broad Oak 
still exists; the;fi>roBt is entirely en- 
doBod. Slaiulead Hall (W. Fuller 
Uuitland, Esq.) is 3 m. N.E. ; and 



Vunmom is 9} : 
Storttord. 

BlBBOFtON, se( 



1. dishiot fiom Up. 



Blshopweabhocth, see Svnderland. 

BiBLEY, see Stroud. 

Slarhbum (Lane.). Slat. 
Lane. & Y. Ely. < Jnm .- 'Old Bull ; 
White Bull.) Pop. 80,000. Poat- 
office, Newmarket-street. One of the 
largest and beet built of the Lancashire 
mauufacturing towna, and situated in 
a valley between two ranges of steep 
hiils. The first Sir E. Peel was bom 
here. Eargrfave», the inventor of the 
epinoing-jenny, was also a native. 
There is a handsome CIt. with very 
good tracerieii windows; and the K. 
wiodow, of ten compartments of stained 
glass, was brouglit tiy Dr. WItitaker 
dnrn Cologne. The public buildings 
of Blackburn are on a fine acak, 
especially the Toan Hall, Exehanyf, 
Market Hall, and the Library aad 
Jlfua«utn. 

Excurtiaai. — 'To Samlethury Hall 
(W. Harrison, Esq.), * m. on Upper 
Preston-road (no conveyance), a faean- 
tiful specimen of timber and plaster 
(1548), ornamented with carved heads 
Bitetnally. The interior is not shown. 
On same rond, 1 m. from rly. stat., is 
the Corporation Parlt, 50 acres on the 
side of Bevidge Sill. (See also ffAoil™.) 



Blackoakg Cuike, ( 



Bl«eklieaai (Kent), stat. 

S.E.Ely.(N, Kent line). ThostaUon 
is at TranquU Vale, S. of the Heath. 

Blackheath, 6 m. from London by 
road, lies S. of Qreenaidi (see) Park. 
The heath, 207 acres, is dry and 
healthy, and there are some extensive 

Cspecls from it. At the S. W. comer 
. Blackheath Hill, Roman remains 
have been found, and near the summit 
of the hill, at a spot called the Point, 

Bsoribed to the Danes, and by oUieis 
to the BaxoDS. It extends 127 ft. and 
consists of 4 chambers, connected by 
narrow passages. In the brthest is a 
well 27 ft. deep. It may be seen by 



The town lies 



I fee. 



and the railway statioii. Attheoj^Kt- 



BLA CKPOOL—BLYTH. 



49 



site end of the hc&th, by Blaeldteath 
Sm (Slat. London, Cliatliftin, anU 
Dover BIy.), U the principal Inn, tbe 
Green Man, well knonu to holiday- 
mnkeiB. 
BucKH>OL (Deron.), see Dart- 

Bln«kpoo1 (Lflnc). BlaL 
IiBDc & 'VoAb. Bly., 1 hr. from 

Preston. Imu: Iraperiol ; Bailey's 



Vietoiift; Beaoh. There 
TODS loda;iDg-houeeB facing tbe prome- 
nade and Bea. This rapidly increasing 

totrn ig tlie chosen Arcadia of ~ ~ 

fecturing lancashire. In bi 
time and on liolidayB, eiciUBionistB 
pour in in oountleES Dambers and 
rendet tbe promenade and streets 
almoet impaaaable. The situation of 
the town ia good and very liealthy. 
There is, at low water, b fine Dtretcli 
of hard sands, and on tlie rising giom 
above tliem, and immediately in front 
of the well-built houses and 
botels, are an excellent promenade and 
drive, extending from South Shore (o 
Claremont, a distance of 3 m. Two 
long piers have been built affording 
pleasant promenades ; and steamers 
frequently during tlie day make {ilea- 
suje trips, laatios about 1 hour, at a 
charge of I«. per head. Aa aquarium 
was opened in IRTS; there are two 

Kasura gardens— Baikes Hall and 
Uo Vue : and tbe town is uousually 
well supplied with carriages of various 
descriptions for biro. A Sea Water 
Company supplies bouses with nea- 
waler, and there axe good public batlis. 

iii!c«r.(0.«.— To Gynn, 1^ m. N., 
and CUtxieyi, 5 m. beyoud, Lythura, 
2)1 min. by xaWx a steamer al»i plies 
during summer months between South- 
port and Borrow -In-Furnesa for Fur- 
iieas Abbey and the Lake District 
calliugat Blackpool. Fleetwood, about 
20 min. by rail. St. Anne'»^n-the-8ea 
i*St. Anne'i Hotel) is a new watering- 
place situated cquidisUtut (3 J iii.) 
ftom Blackpool and Lytham. 

Blabeney, see Hdt. 

Blanchlakd, see Hexham nnd Stait- 



""Si 



ilanatord (Doreet.), Stat. 



Somerset and Dorset Bly. Jon: 

Bryanttoa Home (Lord Portman) 

ia not acoessibla to strangers. The 
park is more than 1 m. in length, and 
wateted by the Stour, in which good 

glke and perch fishing may be had. 
Bveral fine earthworlui are within a 
ride of Blaudford, vii, rt. of the Stur- 
minster road. Sod Hill, 3 m. i and 
Hambledon Hm, i m, N.W. ; on the 
old road to TVimbnme, Butbury, 2j m. 
E.; and Biutbvry Bhigt (sati Wim- 
bome), 6i m. S.E.; and on the lower 
road to Wimbome, Spelinhary lii»g, 
or Cratcford Cattle, Si m. 

Millon iUwif (Baron Uambro), f) m.. 
Is a very interesting place. The Abbey 
Ch. is a truly noble specimen of eccle- 
einetical architecture. 
Blenheiii, Bee Oxford (Eicurs.). 
Blicelikg Hill, see Aul^am. 
Blobe Heath, see Market Drayton, 
BloxUam, see Banbury, 
Blcb Ancuob, sue Bridgieater, 
Lynton, and Taualon. 

Blytll (Notts). 2 m. W. of Bans- 
kill Stat,, 6t. N. Ely, Here is a very 
tine Oh, occupying the site of a Bene- 
dictine monastery, of the 11th vent. 
""" e conventual and pariah chs. were 
ler one roof, each possessing its 
a chancel ; the present chaneel is 
the end of the S. aisle, the N. 
one having been taken by the 
former owners of Blyth Hall, which 
adjoins. The nave, ttiforiuiij, and 
clerestory ate early Norm. There are 
Moimmenta to the Mellishes and a 
screen with painted figures of 
9. Exeartiwtt.—S m, W. to ruins 
of Bodie Abbey <Yorksldie,, founded 
in 1147 for Cisleroian moidrs, very 
picturesquely pl.icod at the junction of 
'2 limestone glens. A Dec. galonay at 
the W. side was probably part of the 
Nonn. Hospitium. Tbe tlidi-pond and 
corn-mill Btitl exist. Tlio ruins are 
kept in nice order TiiMUl railway 
stalion, on rood to Doncaslcr, is distant 
4ro. 

BLVTIiBtBGH, sec Lowenla/i. 
BocoMNoc, see St. Aattell. 
Boi>EDERN, see Holyheait. 
BoDELWYDDAN, See Abergele, Bhyt, 

and St. Aiaph. 



BODMIN— BOLTON. 



BODUM, aee Hadingi. 

Bodmin (ComwaU), i m. &om 
Bodmiit Boad Stal. (omuibua meets 
eretyttain), aitualed bX Glynn Bridge, 
and BtonI half-way between Plymouth 
and Tmro. Jnns; Snndoe'a Boyal; 
G>atty*B Town Arms. On entering the 
town from the station is auen the Kiory 
Olw i«sidenoe of Col. GUbeit Chief 
Onutable of Uir< ooantj), whioh alsnda 
on the Bile of the AugnstiuUn Priory 
of St. Mar; and SL Petroc. said to have 
been fonnded by Kine Athelitane in 
936. In the oh.-yd. opposite the 
Prioty are the roinB of the chapel 
of St ThomBs, containiDg stone seduia 
and a Btonp at S. of the altar — beneath 
is a vaulted and ribbed crypt. On 
the UountfbUy stood the Ftsncisoan 
conient of St, Nicholas— the site, how- 
ever, now being occtipied by the Com 
Market and Assize Courts. Tho Ch., 
in oouise (1ST6) of restoration, is the 
largest in Cornwall, and has an eicei- 
Ject peal of bells and chimea. Observe 
specially Qne Nraman font and the 
tomb of Prior Vivian (d. 1533) at 
end of N. aisle. About half-way 
between Bodmin and lAunceston is 
the Jamaica Inn, from which the 
tourist m^ visit the hills of Brown 
'Willy and Bonghtor ; the romantic 
valleys of Hantei-Oantick and Han- 
noQ ; and Dozmate Pool (see Laun- 
eaUin). 1} m. front the Inn oc 
Bodmin road is tlie vet; aneieiit 
monument — the Four-hoU-orou. The 
Perp. Ck. at Laaivet, irhich is said to 
be the oentte of the county, 2J m. 
S.W. of Bodmin, contains a remark- 
able 14th-cent. stonp, and in the cb,- 
yd. are 2 ancient stone crosses. Be- 
yond (5 m.) are the Boche roots, &c. 
(see LidfeaTd). A good view of tho 
town of Bodmin and neighbourhood 
obtained from Beacon Hill, S. of the 
town. RoMriioni should be made 
Olynn Valley, i m, ; XonA^rocA; {t 
SI. AiigUU), and 3^ m. N., Penoarroui 
Weod*. 8. of the Park (Dowser Lad;r 
Moleeworth) are Dnnmeer Wood 
Dunmeer Qtstle, the latter an 
gnlar ovaL with a single vallum and 
ditch. Beyond PenMnow ni.) is 
WadAridge, 7 m. &om Bodmin by rail 

BoDOBOAH, see Uatigefiti. 



BoDOAir, see PuObelt. 

Bog'nor (Sussex). Stat L. B. 
& S. C Bly. (Branch from Baruham 
June, 3i m.) Inns; Norfolk H. ; 
Sussex H. ; Claremout; H. ; Bedford H. 
This is a dull watcring-plaoe, altliong'h 
some lulvance has b^u made amd an 
Esplanade and Pier formed. The cM- 
mate is as mild as that of Worthing, 
The country round is perfectly flat, 
but the 8. Downs ate iu sight. The»« 
are some intereetiog points tor visilora 
on their breezy slopes, and Goodwood, 
Bozgrove Priory, Chichester Catbe- 
dral, Pa^liam, the Hushing Well, and 
Selsey Ch. may be visited from here. 
(See Ckicketter.) 

At Fdpham (about 1 m. N.E.) is a 
villa in which the poet Hayley resided. 
The Ch. has portions of various dates, 
and in it is a marble tablet for Hayley, 
who was buried here. 

BoLDON, see Sunderlaad. 

BOLLIKOTON, see AUriadiata. 

Bolsover (Derby.}, 6 ta. fion 
Chesterfield Stat. Midland R]y.(Jn(i.- 
Swan), is a small town on a high 
plateau of nound oveilookiug a 'wide 
expanse of Derbysliire, and possessing 
some very fine Quarriei of magnesian 
limestone, Sroia which the Houses 
of Parliament were bnilt. The OisOe 
(Mrs. Hamilton Oiay), in an Important 
sitnation, was begun by Bess ot^Hwd- 
wiok, and finished in 1613 by her son. 
Sir C. Cavendish. Visitors are allowed 
to inspect the grounds, but the interior 
of the castle is private, except on 
special application. The tuihi on the 
terrace are those of a house begun by 
a Duke of Newcastle on a 8|3endid 
scale, but never finished. Bolsover 
Oh. has sculptures (the Nativi^) of 
the 14th cent and (the Crucifixion) of 
13th cent ; also some eUbotate nonu- 
toenff to the Cavendish family. It ia 
a pleasant exoursian to Hardwick H<M 
and Ma-MJUld (see), about S m. 

Bolton (Lanes.). Stat. L. & N. 
W. and Lane. & Yoiks. Blys. Itmt: 
Swan ; Lever Aims ; Victoria. Po»t- 
ogice, Bradshaw-gate. This is one of 
the most prospwoua and progreNvo 
of Lancashire manu^tunng towns, 
fsnious for its cotton yams, "Bolton 
counts," shirtings, quillings, cambrics. 



BOLTOS—BOSTON. 



muslinB, engineering And nmchtae- 
makin^ eeleUiihmente, and it> blettch- 
Ulg works. The psriali Ck. IB n modem 
erection, in geometrio Qothio ityle of 
14Ul cent, oontalmng many flue ex- 
amples of atftiDed glaas. The old ch., 
d&tmg from about ]J50,and oecupjing 
tlie nte of one of about the 12th cent^ 
wna pulled down, and the present one 
(coDsecntted in ISTl) eioctod at a cost 
of fronn 80,0001. to 40,000f., at the sole 
eipeoae of Peter Onncrod, Esq., of 
Halliwell Hall. The town hai an 
excellent Free FiMU Library and 
Mtutum, estabiiiljed ih 1S52. The 
Marltet HaU (oast 83,0001.) U one of 
tho finest of the Idnd in the kingdom. 
The Ibaa Hall ii also another noble 
Btructnre, erected at a cost of 175,0001. 
It xras opened by the Prince and 
Princeiu of Wales, in 1873. An organ 
liUB been added at a ooit of 4D00I. 
In NelHon-sqoare ia a statue of Oomp- 
ton, the inveDtor of the ItTule, to which 
the spinning-trade owes its immense 
developmenC and in Town Hall- 
square is a at&tae of Dr. Chadwk^ 
to commemorate his gift of an Or- 
phanage and Model Dwellings. 

Bolton is celebrated for the siege 
which it underwent during the Cinl 
War by the Earl of Derby, who was 
afterwards taken at the battle of Wor- 
ccatec, and beheaded in Bolton, oppo- 
site the Man and Sei/Uie Inn, in Chuich- 
gato, on tho ISth Oct,, 1(J5I. 

The specialities of Boltoobest worth 
Tigiting, in addition to tho Cotton 
Hills, are the Engine Workt of Messrs. 
Hick, Soho Ironworks ; the Maehine 
Warki of Dobson and Barlow. Kay- 
street; tliB Chatwood Oompany^B Patent 
Bafeand Lock Works, Ao. Exeursioni 
(o) 2 ra. on Shnrples road, to Hall t' 
th' Wood, an old half-timbered mnl- 
lioned houso (1648), where S. Cromp- 
ton lived, and concealed his mule m 
the attics during the machine riots. 
(6) 3 m. N.W., to SmithiUS Hall (K. H. 
JUns worth, GmO> permission given 
on application by letter, a clmrBcier- 
irtie Laneoshire mansion, with court- 
yard and side chapel. Tlie interior is 
Utted up with carved oak, and in a 
poasage ia shown the imprem of the 
toot of Geo. Harsh, tiie Bolton martyr. 



M 

who was brought np Leie for exami- 
uatioii before Sir Boger Barton. 
Harth was bniut at Cheater in 1S55. 
It ii a fine walk from Bolton to 
BitingiM Pike, about S m., at the 
foot of which are the great reservoirs, 
or Liverpool Waterworks, commonly 
called the Bonth lAncailiire' Lakes. 
(See Bivington.) 

Diitaneei (by rail). — Afaneketttr, 
11 m.: Burg, m.; Wigan, 11 m.; 
Blaehbitm, llj m. 

BoLTOK Oabtle, ae« NorthaBerlon, 

Bolton Pbiosy, see 7ItJ<y. 

Bolton-le-SandB (Lanm.), 
St&t., L. A N. W. Rly., ii a quiet 
little village near Mvrtoambe Buy (see 
Laneatler), in the neighbonrliood of 
charming scenery. BxeurMion, 2 m. 8., 
to Dunald Mill EoU, a cavern into 
whioh a river flows, and emerges again 
at Caroforth, ^ m. 

Bohohuboh, see Wight, Itte of. 

Bohball, see Crom/ord ftnd MaUoek 
Baih. 

BOBKHAK, me CKdnuford. 

BoROVOHBRiDOB; See York. 

BonoooB Greih, see NtmmarkeL 

BOBBOWDAI.E, see Ketinek. 

BoBTB, aBD Merdovey and Abery' 

BosBim, see Ledbury. 

BowusTLK see LntinoMton. 

SoSCOOel (Salop), i m. N.W. 
of Codiall Btat. or KT of Albrigh- 
ton {tee) Stat, Gt W. Rly., Is a 
oharming old-fkshioned house, and the 
hiding-plkce of Charles II. after the 
battle of Worcester, 1651. It is shown 
every day till 6 TM. There is a 
portrait of the king in the drawing- 
room, and the mantelpiece is soulp. 
tured with scenes from M» escapes. 
In tlie garret is a hollow chest where 
he was hid, and a chamber iu tho 



oak is gone, but its desoeodaut re- 
mains. Between Bosoobel and Al- 
brighton are the rains of While 
Ladiet convent for GlBteician nuns, 
founded temp. Biohd. I., conusting of 
u wall and some Norm, atches. 

BosvBKKNNis, SCO Pemamx. 

BoBTALL Heath, see Erith, 

(Lincoln.), Btat., G. N. 



52 



BOTTESFOBD—SOUBNUMO UTH. 



Rlj., 107| m. from LoDtlon, and 

junction of the linea to Liucoln and 
OnDthaTn. Ian .- Peacock. A cIcbq 
aod healthy tvwn, aud an ancient sea- 
pirt, sitoated on the navigable river 
Wltbsm, li m. from the entraaM to 
BoHtnn Deepa. At spring-tides the 
quays are accessible to Tesaels of 400 
tons burdeo. A large nmnber of boata 
are engaged in the Boston fishery. 
There is an Angling Asaodation for 
prpaerTing the fiBhery of the river 
Witham ; also a Yacht Club. 

The Cliwch (St. Botolph), restored 
185B, stands on the W. side of the 
matket-place. It is a maguificent 
structure in the I>ec. Eng. style. It 
has a square toner, in the later Perp. 
style, 300 ft. h^h, and a splendid set 
of chimes. Notice the iseiliugs of 
tover and nave; pulpit and font; 
also ancient ohancel-atalls. Kear the 
ch. is a handsome marble statue to 
the memory of the late Herbert In- 
gram, Esq., a native of Boston, and 
tha founder of the ' Illustrated Loudon 

A line of splendid elairehet will he 
found between Boston and Lynn:— 
Algakirk, S m. ftma Boston, and } hr. 
t^ train, a fine onioifomi building in 
Norn. E.-E. and Dec. styles: PiiuJt- 
btde (E.-E.). 5 m. N. of Spalding; 
Spalding : Wetlon ; Moulton ; Whap- 
lode; jfolbeach; Fleet; Lang Sutton ; 
all about 2 m. apart, and having rail- 
wav stations at each (vide publication 
called " UarsMand Churches "). 

BoswoBTH Field, see Hinckley. 

BoTALLACS Mine, see Penzanoe. 

BoTiiAL,Bee MoTptOt. 

Bottesford (Uices.), Slat., 
Gt N. Bly-, 7 m. I^m Qrantham 
and 16 m. from Nottingham. Inn» : 
Butland Arms; Black Bull. The C&. 
(I41h cent.), witl" very pretty octa- 
gonal spire, has JUbnuTnenls: (a)Bobt. 
de Todener, the reputed founder of 
Belvoir: (&) of Barons de Ros; (c) 
several of the Kails of Kutland, inctn- 
ding two boys of the Manners taniily, 
who died from witchcraft in tlie 17Ui 

Carriages for drive to BelvoiT Ca»ile 
(see), 4 m., may be hired at tlie Black 
BuUIuii. 



BoTTiEHAM, see Cambridge. 

Boi-OHTOS, see KeUering. 

BouLBT, see WItiOm. 

BouHMB End, see Tbamm. 

Boumemoutta (Hunts), 
Stats., on N.E. side (HoldenhursU 
road), L. ft S. W. Bly., 3} hre. from 
London, leaving main line at Bing- 
wood June. : and on W. side (Queen's- 
rood), communicating directly witK 
Poole and Wlmbome ; also tiiroush 
communication from latter (Queon'a- 
road) Stat, with Birmingham and 
Bath, by Somerset & Dorset Rly. 
Innt : Bath H., on E. ciilT ; Belle Vue 
H., facing the Pier; Stewort^s H., 
Bichmond-bill ; Lansdowne H., at 
iunotion of 01irist«hurch and Holden- 
liurat roads; Exeter Park (or New- 
lyn's) H., Exeter - road ; Pembroke 
H., near West Cliff; Boscombe Spa 
H., East Cliff; High Cliffe Mansions, 
West ClifT (jWBiujn from It. 6d. a day). 
Pop. 5906, an increase of 4000 since 
1861. Foa-ojjiee in the Arcade, be- 
tween Old C&istchurch aodWebl<iver 

This is one of the healthiest, 
though far from being most beantifnl 
watering-places on the English coast. 
The liooses are no longer toufined to. 
the pine-clad valley, but numberless 
villas and many fine luansious have 
been erected on all sides, on the more 
bracing uplands of rnonotonous sandy 
heath, raried only by pine clumps. 
On account of its favoured position 
and dry and sheltered climate, tlie 
place, which until 18H)J consisted of 
only a few fislicrmen's huts and a 
coastguard station, has risen to its 
present dimensions and importance. 
Between tlie pine woods aud the 
edges of the clil£j are pleasant walks. 



cliffs are soft sands, extending for 
miles E. and W., and completely 
sheltered from the N'. winds. There 
is every facility for bathing ; a Li- 
brary, Beadinjj-room, &c, will be 
found close to the Pier. On the 
opposite side of tlie Pier is the ClWi, 
to which visitors, on the nomination 
of a member, are admitted for short 
periods. Ch-anhei: St. Peter"!, Hin- 



BOVRNEMOVTB—BOVW TBACEY. 



ton-road, n beaQtiful building (E. 
Deo.), with rich and costly interior 
decuratioDB. The altar-piece ia a 
beautifully cnrred reredoa, and abovo 
a fine alabnater canopy, ituddeU 



tiles, and the rich alabaster scieena 
in chancel are north inepection. The 
pnlpit IB a. moat elaborate and beauti- 
ful piece of wort The floral carvingB 
oa the capitals and BoBQta, nlso those 
in the tymptinam over vcBtrf door, all 
by Earp, should be noticed. At the 
E. cud of the navo. above the chan- 
cel atoh, is a well- executed fresco, 
illtutrative of tlie Crucitoion, The 
windows are well filled with modern 
Btninedglaas; tliat in the largo S. win- 
dow illustrating the Te Deam, as well 
as that at the E. end of the S. chancel 
aisle, illuBtrating Onr Lord's B«gur- 
rection, are to the memory of the 
author of the 'Christian Year,' who 
worshipped here during the loat few 
months of his lifetime. The ch. also 
possesses a fine peal of S bdls, and 
the ch.-jd. is esceptionally pictnr- 
esque. Hiiy Trinity, Old Christ- 
church-road (Lombardo Gothic style) : 
one-third of sittings free. 8l. MiclutfVe, 
West-hitI, a handsome church ; a 
large pmportjon of tlie seats bee. 
St. Ckmenl'g, Boscombe, about IJ m. 
from centre of Bouniemoutb, a boauti- 
ful and costly edifice, erected and 
endowed at the sole expense of Mr. 
Edmund Christy. Notice especially 
the carved oak chou--stalls, fine rood- 
screen of stone, and painted windows 
in aide chapel, A good orgaD, by 
Gray and I)BTison, was piesented by 
a brother of the founder. Other 
chnrches are; St. Andrea's Pretby- 
terian, overlooking the Weatover Plea- 
sure Grounds; Connregational, near 
Richmond-temioe ; 'Wealej/an, in the 
centre of the town ; Soman Catholic, 
Bichmond-hill. The "Chines," in 
the sand cUfls on the W, of the 
valley, are worth notice. Of these 
Alum Chiite is the most eiilcneivo: 
Branlaome Chine, the most pictur- 
esque. Beyond are the Sugar Loaf 
and Fl^ Head Cbines, both pic- 
taiesqne dells. On a portion of the 



Alum Cliff Estate is the ' Herbert 
Home, opened in 186S for conval- 
escent patients, in memory of the 
late Lord Herbert of tvea ; and in the 

Sonatoriam-road, bejond tho N. ex- 
tremity of tbe Westover Pleasnre 
Gardens, is the large building fbnnded 
in 1 65S as a National Sanatorivm for 
Consumption and Diseases of the 
Chest Off tho Exeter road are the 
Oontome Gnrdeiw and Arehery 
Grounds, which at all seasons of tbe 
year offer attractions to the visitor. 
The Tedworth Comer^iatoTif, formerly 
belonging to tbe late Assheton Smith, 
Esq., wbicli has been re-erected on the 
South Bonnie Estate, to tbe N.E. of 
tbe town, distant 3} m. from the 
bridge, is open to the public for 
promenade, and as a winter garden ; 
imission Sd. eitch person. 

Exeurtioni.— To Cbrifhhurch. 10 
min. by rail from Holden hurst-rood 
Stat., and 5 m, by roed by Somoaihe. 
Wimborne, 9 m. by road, and } br. 1^ 
rail. PooU. 15 min. by rail, or plea- 
sant walk along the W. cUlfs or beach, 
returning by road (5 m.) thiongh the 
pretty village of ParlaUme. To Sing- 
wood and llie New Foreit, 14 m. By 
water to Studland Bay, Sieanage, Ltd- 
worth Cove, WeymotUh, Porttaad, Jsle 
of Wi^kt. 

An interesting notice of the Natural 
History of the district will be found 
appendetl to a local guide, compiled 
by Mr. Brannon, C.E. 

BouRTOS Maoxa, see Batilmry. 

Bovey Tr»i«ey (Devon.), 
. tat., G. W. (a Devon * Cornwall) 
Bly., e m. from Newton June. 
Inn; Mugford's; and many new and 
good lodgmg-h oases. A good centre 
for tlie tourist. In the Ferp. ch. 
(restored), the screen, stone pnlpit, 
and certain monuments deserve special 
notice. Near the station is St. John's 
Chapel, a modern Dec. building, the 
chancel of which should be seen. 
The HeathJUld, the bed of an ancient 
labe, and consisting of lignites, clay, 
&c., is of tbe highest interest to 
geologists. The extensive potteries 
are worth visiting. Exatrsions may 
be mode in all directions. S. of the 
village, to Heytor, 3 m. (see also 



54 



BOX—BRADFOBD. 



Darlmoor'); theiics along the side of 
Ltiga Tot, and itorosg toe road irhich 
leoda to Bocky Fall. A longer mund 
may be made aa followg :— Deicend 
LeW Tor (on the aommit of which 
are hat circles) to the stream ; olimb 
Howid Tor (one of the finest on 
Dartmoor); uienoe make youi way 
aonss the Tore that haag over the 
WiddeeonAe valley, luid so descend on 
Widdeeorabe Ck, ; thence by road to 
Rippon Tor (1S49 ft.), whenco return 
hi Bovey — a satisfactory day's work. 

MamUon is about 4 ni. N.W. from 
Bovey, and a visit to the village, to 
the ab,, and a climb np Manalon Tor, 
shonld on no acooDUt be omitted. 
Tlie road to it ixast close b; Be6ky 
FaB, a delightful spot. Some curious 
meases and Liehen artiaUattti may be 
found here. From Becky Fall, it is a 
charmine walk to the S, end of the 
vfild Tslloy of Lnstleigh (port); also to 
Water Farm, and thence to Water 
Bock, OTerbaaging the W. side of 
LuMeigk Cleave, N. of Bovey, Heamyr 
nod Bottar Bodi, about 4 J m., are well 
worth exploration, returning by way 
of Sti^nnick ,■ or the walk may be 
oontinned from Bottor to Skarpilor, 
1 m., thence to LuttUigk,S m., where, 
dose to the station, is a good Inn, the 
Cleave Hold. The ch. la beautiftally 
sitnated, and worth vigitlng. At S. 
mrch U an ioscribed stone of the 
Brlta-B(»nau era. A very steep lane 
Uirougli woods, rt., will lead the 
pedestrian to Liuileigh Cleave, the 
whole length of which should cer- 
tainly be taiversed. 

GhwJUtigh (Inn: Clifford Arms), 
Chadleigh Roek, and Ugbroolie Parh 
(Lord Clifford), are also easily nccei- 
aibie from Bovey. 

BownoH, see AUrintham. 

Bowes, see Barnard Cattle. 

BowNEBH, see Windermere. 

BowooD, see Chippenham. 

nojL (WUta.). Stat, Gt. W. Ely. 
The celebrated Box Ttmnel ia abont 
1| m. in length, and in places SOO ft. 
below the sorface. The cost was np- 
waids of 500,0001. 



^ great oommcrcial valued 



Within rfeach of the station are sere~ 
ral points of interest. N. are Cheyne^ 
Court, a mansion of the Bpokes, of the 
time of Elizabeth, or James I., with. 
fine old chimney-piecOB ; Cnles Farm, 
\ m. N.N.E.. built in 1645 ; aud the 
Uttlo church of DilrSieridge, \ m. N., 
interesting to the archmologiat, with 
its Norm, nave and 8. door, with 
curiously sculptured impoit ; narrow 
chancel arch of ISth cent., with a bell 
gable over it; cnrious piscina and 
shelf ; and square Norm. font. 

2 m. N.W. of Box Stat, is the vil- 
lage of Colwne, the Ch. of which de- 
serves a visit. Notice rich 14th-cent. 

On a promontory of Ooleme Down 
is Btayaood Camp. 

BoxFORS, see Hadleigk. 



Bos HiLi., see Dorking. 
BoSLBT, see MaitUlcne. 
BoTHE Hill, see Maidenhead. 
Bbackleskui Bat, see Chieheiler. 
Brasbmbtokii Priobx, see Chippen- 

Bbadfield, see Sheffield. 
Bmdford(Yorks.). Stats., the 

L. ft Y. and O. N. BIy. in Drak»- 

Btreet ; Midland Bly. in Welk-stroet. 
Jnn: 'Victoria H., close to the Ot. N. 
Rly. station. 

The town is now the zreat centre 
of the viorited trade ; and the " raw 
material " is porchaaed here by manu- 
facturers from the whole clothing 
disldct. Besides yarn, the mills of 
Bradford produce every kind of fabric 
wronght &om wool, silk, worsted, mo- 
hair, alpaca, or China grass. Neither 
the warehouses nor the factories are 
showD without a special introduction. 

Of ihe Fublie BvUdingi, the Toim 
Hall, in New Market-street, ia by far 
the most important It vras completed 
in 1873 (architects, Messrs. Lockwood 
and MawBon), at a cost of raoro than 
100,0001., and is of siMialled "Me- 
diteval character." Opposite ia the 
Meehaniei' InetittUe, opened in 1870 
(cost 36,0001.). 

St. George'i Hall, on the other side 
(rf the Town Hall, was completed in 
1S53. Within, the great haU— 153 ft 
by 70 ft., aud 64 ft. high—it fine. 



£BADFORt>-SIUDfORD-OIi-A VON. 



Tha Ex^umge, in Ma^et^ticet, is 
Venetiftn Gothic in chaniolor. Be- 
tveen Oodwin-stroet and Kitkgate ii 
t, new emxred Market, woith notice. 
Of the modem Chun^i«a, All Saiiiii, 
HorUm, is earlj Dec. in chamcter, 
with some pxA earring on the pier 
caps, and is tar beyond the Hvem^ 

Oa the hill-top, N. of tiie town, ia 
the CemeitTy, which should ha visited 
fbr the Bttfee of the Tiew to he obtwned 
from it— 4ne fa itself, and giring «n 
excellent notion of the position of 
Bradford. 

A short distance below the oemeteiy 
is Feel Park, a space (64 acres) of 
open groand well laid ont, and oma- 
ukandine good views. It is open to 
the puUic. Two other parks have 
been purchased hj the corporation : 
Zii'stRT Part:, eoQ lot jiiag about 53 acres, 
N.W. of the town, on high groond. 
and commanding wide views (near 
the principal entrance is a very fine 
marble siatneof Mr. Lister, by ATobi^) ; 
and Eorton Fork, on the ^ side of 
the town. 

A short distmiee S.W. of Lister 
Park, and adjoining Heaton-road, are 
the colaaaal bnildings of Utanningham 
MiV*, erected by Messrs. Lister and 
Oo., for silk and velvet, at a coat of 
abont 500,000;. 

The great establishment atBaliatre 
(Sir W. H, Salt, Bt) may be K«ched by 
railway in 10 min. This is a worsted 
&ctory, bnt its great feetale is the 
mann&ctare of sipaca fitbrics. It 
covers 12 acres, is 6 storeys high, 550 
ft. kmg, SO ft. wide, and 72 ft. h%h. 
The manufeotcry is not shown wiUi- 
ont a special introdnction, hot the ex- 
terior, church, a/aA viUage, aie well 
worth a viat There arc schools for 
the express use of the workmen's 
children, and streela of booses are 
art«iged for the workmen. There is 
a workiog-mon's club and institute, 
which cost, it it said, 30,0001. ; a dining- 
hall; baths and waslihouBeB; a square 
of almahonsea: and a dispensary, the 
whole Imilt at the cost of t^e late 
Sir Titns Salt ; and Snaliy, a Park of 
14 acres, laid out in an ornamental 
manner. 

There are ext«n8iTo ironworks at 



Botelita, about I m. fimn the foadford 
TownHalL The inm produced in the 
nH^h, as well as in luaonfoetnred 

artJcles, acquired inch fame, that in 
advertising for contracts lor the beet 
iron both in England and abroad, tine 
public stipulated that the iron to be 
BQpplied nmsl be equal to ''Bowling 

The LmmiBor /ronwort* will be 
visited with great interest by all who 
care (or ingeuiom niachiDe>7. The 
IxmmooT station, on Ibe Halil^ rail- 
way, is reached in 10 min. fnom Biad- 
ford. The works, which are scarcely 
exceeded in extent and importance by 
any ironworks in England, U« ficely 
shown to vieitots who bring introduc- 
tlons. In most cases, perhaps, the 
presentation of your csid at the office 
will be sufficient. The fecbxr is 
abont 1 m. distant from the station. 
Iron plates, bars, and railway tires, 
sent ail over the world, are the |»in- 
cipal nianofacturee : but guns (from 
32 to €8 pounders) are also made liere, 
Bad the processes of bc«ing and rifiing 
may be tbllowed throughout. About 
4000 men are enqiloyed. 

Leedt may be reached in 1 an hour 
from Bradford by the G.H. Riy. The 
journey to Halifax tlaa oocapies about 
Jhr. 

Bradford - on > Avob 
(Wills.), Stat, Q. W. Ely., \ hour liom 
Baik, and 10 min. frcan Tmvibridge by 
rail, and about 3 m. by road. Jim.- 
*Swan. An ancient town, of mnch 
historical interest, most prettily dtn- 
ated in the hollow and on the steep 
slopes and terraces of the valley of 
the Avon, up which the greystone 
liooees straggle in picturesque con- 
fusion. It was formerly the scat of an 
important woollen manufacture. 

The Ch. (Holy Trinity), restored 
IS65-6, wdL deserves a visit Notioe 
in N, aisle wall, richly panelled recess 
for cmciflx ; Jacobean roof tS chance), 
1636 ; ancient and carious monumenla 
in chancel ; and Dec E. window. 
Closely adjacent, at the N.E, end, is a 
very remarkable and interesting build* 
ing — a relic of the tenth century, 
unique of its kind. This is the Saxon 
Ch. of St. Laurence, the only perfect 



5C 



BBADFOBD-ON-A VON. 



Saxon Ck. reraftining in England, wire- 
fullj realored by a Comoiittee of Tras- 
teea. It consists of a Nave, Chancel, 
and N. Porch. The dooiway between 
save and pwoh is 2 ft. 10 in. wide ond 
8} ft. higli. Above this aicbway are 
two etono flgwoa of angels, no doubt 
coeval with tbe building itself. No- 
ti(!e on ottttide, pilasters, bases and 
caps, and (sbam) arches, cuf oil of the 

On the summit of Tory or Torr Hilt, 
to 1. of St Laurence, are the ruins of a 
Peep, chape] (restored), dedicnted to 
tbe Blessed Viririn Mary, just above 
the "lady well," whicb supplies the 
town with water. From here, the ar- 
chieologist sbonld cross Barton Bridj^ 
and visit Barloit/arm, i m., lamous for 
ita gigantic barn, of tbe 14th cent. 

The town abounds in antique-loot- 
ing gable-frouted houses, built and 
ra<)fed with stone. The most remark- 
ablo of these (conspicuous from the 
railway), known oa the Dufce's, or 
KingtlOH House, wa« built by one of 
the lamily of SaU, rich clothiers here. 
It is a noble specimen of the Jacobean 
style, with an excess of window, ara- 
besque battlements, and classical de- 
tails. . Tbe small building on the 
bridge over the Avon is said to have 
been a chapel. 

Ill the neighbourhood of the town 
ate many pleasant valleys, especiEilly 
that of the Aiiim, embosomed in lofty 
hills. A short ride bj; railway (or the 
path by the canal) will bring jou to 
Preshford, Limpley Stoke, or ClaverUm, 
three of the pret^est spots in the 
Avon Valley. 

4 m. N.E. of Biadford is Mo^Mm 
Farleigli, on very high ground above 
tlie valley of the Avon, commanding a 
magnificent panoramic prospect. The 
best points of view are a clump of 
trees Known as FarUigh Glnmp, and 
tlie Proiped Toieer, erected by Mr. 
Wade Brown, on the top of the pre- 
cipitous bill above Bradford. 

Monkton Forieigh was the seat of n 
Cluniac priory, founded 1125, of which 
oldy scanty traces remain. 

In the outhouses behind the man- 
mon (onco the residence of Lord 
Wobb Seymour) are some lancet win- 



! several stone 



dows, and tliere i 
effigies. 

The Mbntu' Conduit, a small Btone- 
roofed buildinji;, lies i m. H.W, of the 
house. Tbe Ch. is modem, but retains 
the old tower and a Nonnau door. 
Bishm) Jewel died bet«. 

A fine avenue, I m. long, leads from 
the house towards 8. Wratliall. 

FarUigh Cogile— 3 m. 8.W. of Brad- 
ford; 3i m. fKaa Trouibridge; 9 ra.trvm 
Bath; and 7 m. from Weiffmry—iM a 
moat interesting object. 

Farleiqii Ch, and part of the village 
(inn: Houlton Arms) stand on a 
ridge above U and above the river 
Frome. The Cattle iteelE is prettily 
situated above a deep wooded ravine, 
called from some ancient tradition 
Danes' Ditch. It is (except the chapel) 
a complete ruin, consisting of frag- 
ments of the wall and of 2 towers and 
a gateway. The manor of Farleigh 
was sold to tbe Hungerford tomily in 
1639. who converted tiie mansion into 
a fortified castle. Tbe ancestors of the 
present owner (— Houllon, Esq,) came 
into possession in 1T30. Tbe principal 
entrance to the castle was to the 3.E., 
where the ivy-clad ohell of tho gate- 
house remaine. On passing through 
it the upper court is entered contain- 
ing Uie guard-rooms, stables, Aa. ; 
fronting rt. are the ahapel, and the 2 
remaining of the 4 towers of the loirer 
or inner <»url, where the halutable 
part of the castle was situated. Tha 
principal front faced E., rising directly 
from the edge of the knoll. 

The Cliapel (gei hey at Houlton 
Arms Inn), within the inner court, 
originally the parish ch., 56 ft. by 
19 ft., though for some time sadly 
neglected and spoiled, has been ro- 
slorcd, and is now carefully preserved. 
It consiata of nave and chantry chapel, 
and is full o( ancient relics — armour, 
&e. The monuments to the Hungerford 
family are especially interesting. The 
crypt or fault under the chantry chapel 
is entered from the outside. An iron- 
barred gate protects the entrance, and 
the visitor can see through this tho 
coffins within. 

Tho Parish Ch. (Bt. Leonard's;, built 
1448, is a plain Perp. building. 



BnAlNTREE—BRECOHt. 



2 m. from yarleigh, 1 m.from Fresli' 
ford Stat., by n pretty footpath, are tlu 
riiinfl of the Carthuaiau Priory of 
Siaton Charierhoute. founded 1282. 
Tlie remains conaist chiefiy of 2 de- 
tached biiildiuga, originally connected 
by a cloister. One of theae, now used 
DH a Bforo shed, with quarried roof, 
painted doorway, and lancet windoirB, 
13 supposed bi bavG been Ihe rhaptei- 
botue. The other, which is beautifully 
ooTered with ivy, contains the retec- 
torr and dormitory, also a tliird loom, 
with larg^n stone nre-plooe, flanked by 
Norman columns. 

Bradinq, see Wiijki, leU of. 

Brasvtell, see Malilon. 

Bratntree (Essex). Stnt. G. E. 
BIy., either pia Witlmm June, or 
Bialiop'sStottfonl. Jniu.' 'White Hart; 
Horn. A towii once a seat of tlio 
Bishops of London ; it was erected 
into a dislioot parisli in the lUth 
cent. The manufacture of silk and 
crape occupies nearly 1000 liQUds. 
N. of Braiatree ia Backing. The tiro 
towns are neatly united, and form one 
long street. Tlie Ch. (late Dec,) has a 
irood masaiTO W. tower (Perp.), well 
deserving notice for its detail and pro- 
portions. There is a fine S. porch, of 
2 bavs, with windows. Tiic Church 
and Hall of BradweU. i ni. E., are 
interesting. 5 m. 8.W. of Braintree 
is LUGe Leighs, where stood a priory 
of Augustininu canons, founded about 
1230. The priory was converted by 
Baron Rich [crented 1517) into a 
niticeut palace, with a park of 
acres. At the eud of the last centuiy 
the house was sold to Guy's Hospital 
snd pulled down, except a fine brick 
gnteumy (dating from 1458 to 1485) 
with tonking turrets and chimneys, 
a porter's lodge, and a pnrt of the 
quadrangle, now a farmhouse. The 
'tndgo and details of the gateway 
fioe, and well deserve attention. 1 
orip-iiial doors remain. In the Ck. of 
LiOk Leighi (about 2 m. from the 
Priory) is the effigy of apricBt wearing 
UkO ctichariatic Testments. It ia carved 
in oak, and, except tbntof the Abhotof 
D«leyinAllSnintB'Cliurcli,Dcrby,iB 
the only ancient example of a woodou 
ccclednstical efilgy in the kingdo 



Brahbeh, see Shoreliai 

ITIff, 



d SUsii- 

Uraufield, sec BnlfncorOt. 

Brasckpetb, see Biihop Auckland 
and Durham. 

Braadon (Norfolk), Stat Gt. 
Eastern BIy. Imu: Bam; George. 
A market town celebrated fbr the 
warrens in its neighbourhood, one ot 
whieh is said to aond 40,000 ivbbitB 
annually to London. The chipping 
nf ifun fiinte once occupied sonta 
hunilred hnads. 

At Wediiui Hall (Wm. Angerstcin. 
Esq.), 2 m, N. of Bmndon, is a ftne 
gallery of pictures. In the Park ate 
tllo ruins of the Cb. ot St. Mary, and 
a castle built by the "liarl de War- 
renne," who came over with the Con- 
queror. Near Weeting is a mound 
atid ditch sevenil miles long called 
Fondyke, and not far from it a collec- 
tion of pits, within an ohlon;; embank- 
ment, supposed to hare been a British 
village, and called GHmet Grave*. 
The Ch. at NorOtwi^a. G m. N. of 
Writing, contoLUS a remarkable Eostet 
sepulchre. 

Bbahdom, St., see BiAap AackUmd. 

Brjinscohbe Mouth, sc<.i Seaton and 
SidmoaUi. 

Brat, see MaiUfiihcad. 

BuAYTON. aee Sfilin. 

Bbbamobe, see Saii^anj. 

Vreirou (Brecknocksh.). Stat. 
G. yf. BIy., 181 m. from London 
via Hereford and Three Cocka June. 
Iiiit': *'aistle; Wellington. The town 
id charmingly situated on the Usk, 
where 2 smaller streams, the Honddu 
and TareL pout into it. About 5 m. 
S. ore the twin peaks of tlio Beacons, 
the highest 2g(>2fL above the sea- 
good view of the.se from garden of 
Castle H. The ascent occupies about 
S hra. Excellent ealmon and trout 
fishing may be bad in the Usk 
and Wye, and particulars and tickets 
may be obtained at the hotels. 
Boats may be hircil on Xlangorae 
Lake, 5 m., for pike and perch 
fishing. Thu lake is full of fish, 
aamc of enormous uze, Tlio (^tlo 
Hotel occupies the silo of tlio old 
fortress founded by Newmarch, a 
Norman baton, wiHiin which tho union 



59 



BREDON—BBESTWOOD. 



of the riTnl hooBes of York and 
Lancaster, and the scheme for de- 

throriing crook-backed Riclianl, were 
concoctel between SlaObrd Duke of 
Buckingham and Morton Bishop of 
Ely. There are scimtj remains in tlie 
garden of the hotel. A little to N. of 
the CastU, on rt. bnnk of the Honddu, 
Htftuds the Friary Ch. of SI. John (re- 
stored by Sir G. G. Scott). Tbeteiaa 
curiotu Norman font Pass through 
eh.-jd. into picturesque Priory Grove. 
At the Shoulder of Mutton Inn, 
High-street, Mrs, Siddons was bom, 
1755. Very pleasant walks are laid 
out on the banks of both the Usk 
and the Uonddu. A bridge of 7 
arches, oomtonnding a beautiful view, 
spans the Usk and connects Iho 
town with the suburb of lAanfaei 
on the S. side. About 14 in. S.E. 
following the direction of the Ush 
is Criekhcinell (Bear Hold), where 
there is capital salmon and trout tish- 
ing both above and below the town. 
Near tbe W. extremity of the town 



i landscape of extreme benuty. 
A long bridge leads across tbe Usk to 
Llangattoc, 1 m., witli a fine old Ch. 
and picturesque di.-yii. On the oppo- 
site side of the river a very pretty 
walk may be taken to Uangenan, 'i m,, 
where the well of St. Cenan (same as 
St. Keyne, who has a well in Cornwall) 
was once femoiia. By all means visit 
the tittle Ch., and walk thence up the 
dingle to LUmbedT. G m. further, in 
a dell to I. of the Sugar Loaf, is Fatri- 
ihovi Ch., worth visiting ; and thence, 
crossing the bridge over tbe Gwryney, 
follow a bridle-path to UatAhony 
Abbey, about 6 m. (see Abergavenny). 
It is about 6 m. by direct road between 
Crioktiowell and Abergavenny. IHl- 
lartcee tw rail from Brecon. — Hereford, 
37 m. ; BuiUh, 24 m. ; Tal-y4lyn June. 
3J m. ; Merfkyr, 24 m. ; Nevtb, 33 m. 

nredon (Gloucest.). Stat. Mid- 
land Bly. The Ch. ia one of the 
tlneat Middlc-Fointcd buildings in 
^England with rich Nerman doorways 
and nave. Over the N. Nonnan porch 



and spire are 161 ft. ^(yaaiatnta! 
(a) to Prideani, Bp. of Worcester, 
1650; (b) canopied tomb to G. Beed, 
wife and children, 1610; (c)lnch.-yd. 
an unique example of a coped high 
tomb. Near the ch. is a Ilth-cent. 
Tiilie Barn, Ibe interior divided by 
pillars into nave and aisles. ExcuTtioa 
to BredoH HiU, 960 ft.— a oharactei- 
isiic oolite nod lias outlier of tlie 
Cotswold range — liom whence there is 
a superb view of the Malvern ranges. 
The summit ia occupied bj a donbty 
intrenched tamp, supposed to have 
been formed by O. Sonpuia. Withiu 
its trenches, see the " Bambury Stone," 
an isolated mass of oolitic rock. 

Bbeedon, see Aghhy-de-la-Zoach. 

Bkeedon Bulwarks, see Itdboame, 

Brrmbili,, see Coiiw. 

Bkendon, see Lyntnn. 

Bbent (Eest and South), see Bam- 

Brentford (Middlesex) has 3 
Slats. : Kew Slat, of the L. & S. W. 
Bly. (Windsor Loop Line ; serving 
also for the N. London, and the L. C. 
& Dover lines): Brentford StaL in 
Boston-hine ; and the G. W. Bly. Slat 
at Brentford End. Inni: Onstle, in 
Hi^h-street ; Star and Garter, by Kew 
Bridge. 

The town lies on the I. bank of the 
Thames, 6 m. from Hyde Park Comet, 
and is divided into Old and New 
Brentford. 

Old Brentford Ch. (St. Oeoi^) is a 
mean building, erected about 1770. 
The only noteworthy thing in it la 
the altar-piece, presented to the oh. 
by the artist, J. ZoSikny, B.A. 

In the neighbourhood are pleasant 
walks and fine buildings. The ground* 
of Siou House (see ItUworih) are 
only divided from the town by the 
Brent, and there is a public Ibotpath 
across them to Iiletitorlh, In Boston- 
lane, i m. N.W. of Brentford Stat, 
is Bo«eon Bouie, 1622 (Orf. E. J. 8. 
Clitherow). Tlie interior has some 
richly carved fireplaces and decorated 
plaster ceilings. There is a pleasant 
walk to Olterky Fark (see SoumioK'). 

Breotwood (Essex), Stat. Gt 
E. Bly,, IS m. from London, innt: 
White Hart ; Chequers ; Eeaex Arm* ; 



BBIDOnoRTS—BBWa WATER. 



59 



Lion »nd Lamb. Tliu tomi is ou the 
highwRir io ChelTDsford and Maldon. 
anil stands on high, sround in the 
midat of Bomo of the nest Bcenery in 
theoonnfy^a In the Bigh-Btreet is tbe 
old Aitiie-Home (EliKabetban), with 
fine omameDtol gables and barge- 
board. It ia now a butcher*! shop, 
bnt is k«>t in repair hj the town. 
Thejold Petp. Cb. nwir it is now a 
sehool. Farther E. is the Grammar 
School, foauded 1557. 1| m. S. from 
ths Btat. is ThorvdoaHall (Lord Peire), 
containing acme good pttintinKS, and 
a fine bnst of C, J. Pox. The gar- 
mentg worn by Earl of Derwentwater 
oa the scaffbid an also pregerred 
hare. 2 m. R of T. HaU is Warley 
Common, the view ftom which is very 
fine. There is also a delightful stntll 
N.W. to anditbroagh 8otUh Weald 
Park, 1} m. 

Sheitfield Ch., about 1} m. N. of 
Brentwood, deserree notice. The main 
arcade is of wood, and the columns 
have tnonldedcapibtlB andbasea hewn 
out of solid oak tjeea of wonderful 
Boundneas. The Ch. of Monntneiting, 
2 m. beyond Shenfield, rt. of the rail- 
way, is of rude Dec. character. The 
capitals of its circular piers should be 
noticed, and the curious acningemenD 
of the timber work of tlie bell-cot. 

BaiDEKraKi see Cockermoulh. 

BamEHTow, see Dartmoor. 

BRmoEND, Bee Cardif. 

BriOniortli ( Salop )— Stat, 
Gt. W. ffly. (Severn Valley Ely.) 
Inns: Crown; Swan— both in High- 
Btrset; Sqoirrel, St, Mary'a-street — is 
a pictaiesqae old town on a cliff 
180 ft. high, rL bank of the Severn, 
which divides the High &om the Low 
Town, connected by a Bridge which 
gives its name to the place. On the 
top of the cliif (near the station) arc 
the remains of the Cattle, built 1098, 
and demolished in the Civil War. 
The Terraee Walk around it commands 
a bvelj vie*. There are several half- 
timberm old hoaie», including the 
Psnonage, tiie Swan Imi, the Uram- 
mar School (1S03), and the houM (re- 
stoie^ in whioli Bp. Percy, author of 
the ' BeliqaBs,* was bcim. In the new 
red Modrtone locfc an man; cellars. 



and a passage 20 ft deep fVom Upper 
to Lower Town. 

ExciirtioHt.~3 m. on Wolverhamp- 
ton toad to Worfield Ch., containing a 
canopied altar-tomb, and bnuMt to 
the llromley family. Follow np the 
valley of the Worf to the Badger 
Dingh, a lovely walk. The Ok. (12th 
cent.) at Badger contains some exqnf- 
site monununtta by Flaxman, Chantrey, 
and Gibson. } b.'s ride by rail from 
Bridgnorth is Buildwas June. ( Jnn .- 
Bridge^, close to which are the ruins 
of the Cisleroian Abbey (Buildifot 
Abbey), founded by Boger de Clinton 
in 12th cent The remains of this once 
cTOcifonn ch. oonaia t of the walla, nave, 
and chancel, which has E.-E, aedilia. 
The chapter-house is a parallelogram, 
vaulted in 9 compartments. The ab- 
bot's house (roatored) contains amhn- 
latory, chapel, and large hall, of the 
I3th cent., with ceiling of oak nnd 
Spauifh chestnut. The doorway nnd 
moulded windows are good Norm. 
1 m. N. to Leighton ch., which baa 
efflgy in mail armour of Sir T. 
Leigliton. 1815. There la good trout 
and grayling, alio pike fishing (free) 
at Buildwas. Permission to flsb 
in Dudmaston Pool can be obtained 
from the bailiff, Worf Brook. Other 
Eicurtiom from Bridgnorth are (o) to 
the district formerly occupied by Mor/ 
Forett, 8} m., pasaing, 1 m.. Qvalford 
Ch. (14t1i cenL) and Danish camp; 
(b) atorviUe village and ch. (12tll 

BtridrwaMr (Somerset.> Stat., 
Ot. W. Bly. Jnna .- Royal CUrence H. ; 
Railway H.; White Hart; Bristol 
Arms; Golden Ball. This is a very 
ancient town of note before the Con- 
quest, and the birthplace of Admiral 
Bloke and late Bp. Philpott. It is 
aeat«d on the banks of the Barrett, 
G m. in a direct line from the sea, and 
12 m. by the course of the river, on 
the borders of a marshy plain, which 
stretches from the Mendip to the Qnan* 
fock Hills (see Taunton). It is con- 
nected bj an iron bridge, said to be the 
Srat cast, with a suburb called EatUner, 
bamt by Fairfai after the storming and 
Borrender of tbe town, at the time of 
the Great Bebellion in 1645. 



JtBIDGWATER. 



There are 2 good Reading-roong, 

Xlied with daily papers, periodi- 
. &o., open free to the public. 

The Ch. of St. ISarv Magdalene, a 
latge structure of red atoue, with a 
sleuder epire 174 ft. hij^h, ig priuci- 
pully remarkable for a large pictiire 
over the altar, repreeenting the De- 
Bcent tinm t!ie Cross. It vrna found 
on board a captured Fieticli privateer, 
and was presented bv the Lite Uoii. 
A. Foulett. Its value cannot bo 
. eatimnted,1;ut it is insiued far 10,0001. 
Tlio late Empetor NicholKS of ItUBsia 
viaited the eh. specially to nee it, and 
offered any amount for it. The N. 
porcli ia a fine apectmen of the Geo- 
metrical a trie. 

The bdtutiral modem Ck. of St. 
John is iu the Bubuib of Eostover, 
end was built in 1846 by the Rev. 
I. M. Oipes, at a cost of 10,0001. 

£tna-tauare, once the Castle Baily, 
behind the Clarence Hotel, waa the 
site of Bridswater Castle, built 1202, 
but long since destroyed. Caelle Field 
is memorable as the spot on which 
Honmouth encamped before the fatal 
flght, 1685. Sedgemoor, (ho sccno of 
Monmouth's defeat, is a long, narrow 
tract of bnd S. of Folden Hill. 

The Harlcel Route Inn is a relio of 
anuent daya. 

The Bath Brick WoTk$ are by the 
river^de, abont } ra. above, and } m. 
below the bridge; this town being 
the only place in the world where 
these Riiides are made. They are 
formed of a peculiar mixture of elav 
and EBud, wlitch the flood and ebo 
tides deposit in turn, at- tbe abore- 
samed points. 

The Bon or Eager, the tidal wave 
which ruehes up tbe Parrett on the 
flood of spring tides, is a phenomenon 
common to tlie Severn and other 
rivers, where the rise and fall is very 
conaideiablo, and the channel con- 

Okiltmt Friory, a small building, 
formerly furnished as a museum, 
5i m. on tlie road to Glasloabury, 
atanda on Cock Itill, a narrow ridge 
along wliich the road runs, commaod- 
iug on oach side the moet oxteDsivo 
and inlerceting views. 



Boaer Farm, in the porish of Dar- 
leigk, 3 m., is an interestiDg old 
manor-house on a small scale, with a 
polished oak roof A beantifu] drive 
may be taken through Spvton. where 
is tbe Agapemone, or abode of Lo^ 
founded by one named Prince; and np 
Coekereombe, a romantic and well' 
wooded ravine, to the top of the 
Quantof^ whence the traveller can 
descend tu Crtncanohe, or return to 
Bridgwater tbrougli Nether Stoweij. 

At Oiedmij Ch., 3 ra. E„ a pre- 
Reforraation altars] oth is preserved, 
discovered a few years since beneath 
the pulpit, where it had been thrust 
away some 3 centuries since. Tliete 
is also a Band-slono in one of tlie but- 
tresses where the axes were sharpcDed 
for the battle of Sedgemoor. 

Middlesou, m. S.E., has a C%. 
with a rich tower and Dec chauceL 
3 m. S.W, is North Fetherton, which 
has a fine Ferp. ch. of true Somerset- 
shire type, with a remarkable ornate 

Athetney, next Stat, to Duraton 
Junc.ia celebrated as the place where 
K, Alfred received the scolding for 
allowing the cakes to burn (the spot 
is now railed off). 

There are 2 riutds from Bridgwater 
ioWtiliton for Ltfnton, &c,,one 17} m^ 
paaaine the Quantocks by the sea ; 
the other, 20 m., crosaing tbe Qnaa- 
tocks near their S. termination, and 
skirting their W. slopes. By the 
former we come to, 4 m, Canntnjjton, 
BBJd to be the birthphilce of " Fair 
Kosamond," and beyond which, on rL, 
is Brymore Hoate (Hon. P. Bouverie), 
where " King Pym" of tbe Long 
Parliament lived ; and, 4} m. &rther 
on, AetAer Btmeey, some time the 
residence of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. 
Oner Slotcey is the beet headquarters 
for exploring the Quantock range, to 
which 2 or 3 days luay be very agree- 
ably devoted. 1. of Hot/ord, 2i m. 
t>evoDd N. SCowey, is Alfoxdtn (or 
Alfoxton) Houee (L. St. Albyn, Esa.X 
Wordsworth's home iu 1707, and tlie 
accno of the famous pic-uic party of 
the two WMdswortha, Coleridge, and 
Cottle. Near it, oa the sea-stiore, is 
the little village of Kilve, whora tlie 



liHIDUNGTON QUAY. 



HI 



"W. Sotaenet foiboqnds tie tennelled. 
Ihence 1} m. to PudAom, St.AudrUt, 
H m., and beyond, 3} m., WiUiton ia 
readied. Ttie loagui rood to Witliton, 
Dud perbapa tiie mora picturesque of 
the two, runs for above 5 m. through 
ftn unduliitiog country, rasBJng, 10 m.. 
Coi]teltUnie,aaA, 15 m., CrowcO'iibe (aee 
Taunton). Cuew Amis Inn. Fm- 
ceeding from Wath/ord (see abo 
Taunton), a eteep ascent by side of 
Dnnster Tor brings tlio touiiet to 
Ihiniler, 4} m, (Jitn; Lnttrell Arms) 
— see nlso Lijntmi — an aoeieiit and 
]iizhly picturesque town, in tiin midst 
of Deautiful eoenery, where the tourist 
would do well to halt fur Eome days 
to explore the neighbourhood. The 
chief points of interest ate Duntter 
Cattle and Park; lie view from Groi- 
hartt HM ; the mins of CUce A\^y 
(eee Taunton); Blae Anchor, ^ m., 
a. charmmg litUe watering-place, with 
a gond Inn anil a few lodging-houses ; 
and (see Ljnton) Mineh^d, Porloek, 
Cuibone, and Dunkery Beacon. The 
fisherman will And in the little river 
Bone front and eels, and near the sea, 
salmon nod mnltet. In Btinster the 
Gh., bnUt circ. 1499, the LuttTeU 
Arms Inn, a veiy old building, liaviiig 
within some highly iuterestiug earr- 
ings, and the Yam .Sfari^ an anciODt 
pictareaquo structure of wood, are 
especinlly worth notice. The Catth, 
the andent seat of the Mohnna and 
of the Lultrelis, was built in 12th 
cent., in oppodtion to King Stephen, 
It may be seen during absence of tbe 
family; tbe grounds on any week 
day. Chas. II. visited it when Col. 
Wyndham was governor ; it was sur- 
rendered to Blake hi 1G46, and Wrd. 
Piynne, member of the Lon^ Parlia- 
ment, was confined here by Cromwell 
in 1C4S. Both within and vrithont 
the castle there is much to be seen of 
extreme interest to tbe stranger, and 
a trip to the Park atone will aflbrd a 
vetj pleasant day's outing. Or(Mur»t 
Sill (906 ft.) should be ascended for 
the sake of the iqagiiificent view. 
ttom the turnpike on the Timbers- 
combe (pron. immeroomlie) mail, a 
path leads to the summit. A beauti- 
ful drive can be taken from Dunster 



through Timbersoranbe, Gon^e Crass, 

and Luiboioagh, to Cleve Abbey and 
Wasbford, returning Ihroi^h Car- 
hampton. From Dunator to Z>ulr«rti>», 
14 m. S., is one of the most ri^^nantic 
drives in the country. Minehead (see 
Lgnton) is '2J m. N. of Dunster. 

BrldliDr*on ^uay (York- 
shfre). BtaL, Q. N. Ely., 215} m. from 
London. The distance from ifuU is 
35} m. ; from York, 59J m. ,- and fmn 
Scarborough, about 23 m.. via Seamw 
June. Inn* .- 'AJexandrB, well situa- 
ted close to N. pier, which onmmaDds 
a fine view of Flamboro' Hetid; 
Britannia. 

An omnibus runs from the station, 
which is about half-way between the 
old town of Bridlington (geoemlly 
pran. "Burlington"! and the modem 
watering-place of Bridlington Quay. 
Tlie bay forma a sheltered harbour, 
and is occasionally full of ships. The 
sands are fine and dry, and there is 
excellent bathing. Aboutim.N.W.of 
the Quay is a chalybeate spring, and, 
in the harbour, a spring of the purest 
fresh water. Close to the N. pier aro 
the public promenade, news, and bil- 
'-" * (cost 80001.;. During the 

ers frequently make day's 
Scarborough and Whilbj/, 
es to Humiea. It is a 
pleasant irulli (between 6 and 7 m.) 
to Flamborongh village, either by the 
cliff or shore. The return may be 
from MarUm Stat. Queen Henrietta 
Maria landed at Bridlington, 20th Feb., 
1G43. and took ahelteraf " 



Far more interesting than anything 
Bridlington Qna<r, and ranking 
deservedly among the most important 
architectural remains in the county, 
la the Priori) Ch., now the Parish ch. of 
the old town, situated about 1 m. from 
the Quay. It was founded for Augus- 
tiuian canons, by Walter de (^t 
(temp. Hen. I.}. The restoration of 
the building was completed by Sir 
G. G. Scott, in 1857. At the end of 
nave, which forms the preseiit 
is a most remarkable coffln-lid 
□f black mariile. probably of 12th 
cent. Outside the eh., observe the N. 
porch, very fine E. E. ; alao the ex- 



BBIDPOST—BBIOHTLINOSEA. 



2ui8lte floiab of the lanoet nindows. 
itber chDrahu in tbe veigliboarbood 
worth tiatingexe B,i SudiUme (restored 
1861), 5 m., pasaing Bornton Hall. 
AdjoiDmg the N.B. end of the chaiicel 
ia a remarkable rude stone —probablj' 
a Celtic menhif— one of the largeBt 
BtaDding-BtoaeB known in Great Bri- 
tain. The drive borne may be through 
Barton Agnea, where the cIl, restored 
by Atchdeacou Wilberforee, and the 
Hall (Bit Henry Boynton, Bart.), a 
very fine example of Jamee I. reign, 
are well worth visitinf;. A plea- 
sant walk of 2 m. along the cliff 
N. of BrtdlingtoQ Quay leads to 
modem (Nona.) oh, of Seioeriy. From 
Marlon li^laL (S min. ride from Brid- 
lington), an omnibus for Flatnhorough 
meets some of tlie trains. In the 
season, however, there are ofDeu fax 
moru YiiitorB than the omnibns con 
carry, and it is better to secure places 
befnr^iand. or to walk (2 at.) to tbe 
village. To tbe point of tbe head- 
land is 2 m. iarther. Between Martan 
and tlie village, the road croises tbe 
Danes' Z>vA», a strong double entrench- 
nent. with a ditoh and cniious " breast- 
works," altogether a very remarkable 
defensive earthwork. The village, a 
long straggling one (HoteU: Ship; 
•Thomwiok ; and NorUi Star, the two 
last-named close to the cliff), con- 
tains nothing of interest but its Gh. 
(restored 1868). There is a very 
beautiful screen and rood-loft of early 
part of 16Ui cent. Observe also iu- 
icription for Sir Uarmaduke Con- 
stable. At the Inns near the cliff 
will be found (glides for the N. oaves, 
which are well worth seeing. The 
finest is floW» Lyth'i Hole. Near 
these, at tbe N. landing-place, boats 
may be hired for passing round the 
H^td ; or tbe visitor may walk along 
the cliffs. Abont 100 yds. from the 
edgBof the promonbsry, 1} m. from tbe 
village, is the Lighlboiae, SO ft. Iiigh, 
and 2S0 ft. above the sea. Flamborotigh 
Head is probably the " Ocellum Pro- 
montorinm" of Ptolemy; IVom it the 
sea-view is superb. Tbe fast trains 
from Bridlington to Filey occupy about 
i hr. In the season a four-horse coach 
runs daily to Scarborough. 



Brldport (Dorset.). 8titt,G.W. 

Bly. (i hr.'a ride from Maiden Newton 
Juno, on the Dotcheater and YeoFil 
Line). Inn>; •Bull; Greyhound. 
The antiquary will find some ancient 
houses worth a visit. The chief of 
these is a fine Tudor building of 2 
storeys, now used as a "Working 
Men's Association,'' on the E, side of 
tbe a. street. On the apposite side 
of the street is a plainer bnildinr, 
known as Dnngeneaa, now dilapi- 
dated, said to have been the honse 
of the Prior of St. Ijoonwd's. It has 
a newel staircase, and its interior 
arraagements are very interesting. 

The Quay is 2 m. distant, on unin- 
teresting walk till the shore is reached. 

The coast E. and W. displays an. 
excellent geological section. At the 
harbour the Ghesil beach begins [see 
PortlaMl). 

There is a pleasant walk over the 
hills, rotntning by the cliffs or along 
the shore to Bvrlon Bradglook, 3 m. 
8.E. ofBridport 

The market town of Beamintler 
(Inn ; "White Hart) lies deeply B^t«d 
umong the hills, in tbe beautiful and 
fertile vale of the Birt (6 m. N.). 

The Ch, is a noble building, with 
rich memorial windows of stained 
gloss. It is Porp. eiteruaily, with a 
stately square tower, c. 1503. A 
curious building, called the "Mort 
House," adjoins the ch., and has been 
laid open to it and seated, A coach 
runs daily to CrewWne, 121 ni., by 
way of B^tminsler, 

Tbe walk or drive to Lyme Begis, 
8 m. W.. is very attractive. 

BmOHSTON (or Brixton), see WigM, 

Brlirlitllnsrsea (Essex), 

Stat,, G. E. H!y., v!d Colchester and 
Wivenhoe Junes. Inn: Swan. This 
" port " was, and is, a member of the 
Cinque Port of Sandwich, It is now, 
Itir the most part, a village of oystar 
fishers ; the wWe of the " Cokjiester" 
oysters are laid here, and in the 
neighbouring creeks. Tbe Ch., ij 
m. N., is Perp., and contains a mag- 
nificent monnment to the Dorrien- 
Magens family, and seven brasses 
for members of tlie Beriff family. 



noging from 1496 to 157S. Acroaa 
the feny froia BrigfatUiifrwa Stat., 
M>d beytHkd Bt Oeyth's Cieek, lies 
the Tillage and PHory 0/ SL Otglk. 
This place was giveu by Buthred, 
King of the East Angles, to hia wife 
OsjUi, who (bunded a nnnnery here. 
The present Paruk Ck. (dedicated to 
8S. Peter and Paul) no doubt repie- 
KMits St. Oifth'a building. A house 
of Augnatiiuaa caaons was founded 
here before 1118, b; Richard de 
Belmes, Bp. tJ Loodon. The anoieut 
remains, inoorpraated with modem 
buildings, form the preaent Priory. 
It has been ttstored by tha present 
ownur (Sir J. H. Johnson), and thi> 
collection in the hon^ of old carvings 
and of Danish and Baltic pottery is 
well worth seeing. A lofty galehouse, 
of hewn stone und flint (apparently 
port of the bishop's late Norm, work), 
leads into a qoadrangle, of vhiidi 
only the N. side is wauting. The 
gateway to the farm buildings is a 
remarkable and very flne instance of 
a circular-headed gateway of the Deo. 
period. The Lomberdy poplars in 
the park dispute with those at Henley 
the claim of having been the first 

filanled in Englaud. Opposite Bright- 
iDgsea Stat, on the S. side, at the 
mouth of the Colne, is Menta Idaad 
— 4^ m. long by about 2 m. broad — the 
largest of the many low islands which 
lie off the coast of Eaaei, There was 
a Bomaji residence 01 small station of 
some importance at Wett Mertea, the 
extreme S.W. point of the island. 
Boman pavements and foundations 
ai« still to be seen ther«. The Ch. of 
West Henea is dedicated to SL Peter 
and St Paul, indicating a very early 
foundation. The Pyejled ohannel, on 
the N.E. side of the island, is famous 
for its oysters. A steamer uow plies 
la Bummer-time between Brightling- 
sea and Harteich, culling at Cloiiton 
and FoHon. 

Brlirllfon (Sussex), Stat., L. 
B. &8. C. Bly., 51 m. from London; 
1 hr. 10 miu. by expi«sa trains. In 
summer-time, a roui-horse coach leaves 
the Old Ship Hotel, at 12 ttoou, for 
London (md Patoham, Alboume, 
Hickstead, Haodcross, Crawley, P" 



gate, SatloD, TootiDK. Balham, and 
Clajdiam, to the White Horse Cellar, 
PiocadillyX Himday, Wednesday, aud 



15*. eaoli way. Fop., within the par- 
liamentary boundaries which include 
Hove and Preston, was. In 1S71, 
103,760; but in the season, October. 
Xovember. and Dooember, tbii< is in- 
oKased by sMue 20.000 or SO,Oav. 
Chief Posla«M is in Ship-sbneL 
Six mails daily lo Loodon. the last 
closing at 10 r.ii. : and (bur mails 
daily /rom London. Frequent mails 
are also made up daily for districts 
east and neat of Brighton. The prin- 
cipal HoUU (mostly situated on the 
sea front) are the Grand ; Bedfon) ; 
Norfolk; Koyal York; Albion; Old 
Ship; MarkwollB;Quoen's;Qilbuni'8; 
Albemarle; Boyal Ortrsoeat; Bristol. 
The private hotels, boeiding-housea, 
aud lodging-houses, are very nume- 
rous. The principal Baiht are Brill's 
(with the largest circular swimnting 
bath in Europe), Hobden's, and Bug- 
gina' ; there is also a superbly-fltted 
Turkith both (for ladies and gentle- 
men). The haUimg madtiwtt are sta- 
tioned in sets for ladles and jcentle- 
men, at intervals along the beach, 
from West Hove to Kemp Town. 
Pleasure yachts, and sailing and row- 
ing boats, are at all times available 
(weather permitting), and ocoauonally 
good ses-Hsbing ma; be had. 

Brighton, which now deserves to 
be styled " London-on-the-Sea," ' 



was George, Prince of Wales. The 
principal attraction of the town is its 
raagntfioent sea front (over thr«e miles 
in extent), available for both prome- 
nade and drive. Tolheeastlfrom the 
corner of the Marino Parade to Eemp 
Town) the diff is protected byastrong 
aea wall, erected at a cost of 100,000^ 
Its average height is about 60 ft., and 
the thickness at its base, 23 n. At the 
comer of the Marine Parade is situ- 
ated the Brighton Grand Aqwirium 
(the lai^est and most complete in the 
world), which was opened in 1872, 



a 



BHIGSTON. 



and is unquestionably tho most nt- 
tJBOtive place of rtsott in tlie towD, 
both with resiiienU and viBitars. 

At the eastern port at the prome- 
nade, south of the Aqnariuoi, ia the 
Chain Pier, a picturesque structure, 
erected in 3S23, at a cost of SO.OOOi. ; 
it extends into the sea 1186 ft. OThe 
Weit Pier (opened in 18GG) is situated 
opposite Regency-square. 11 is 1115 
ft in leiigin, iiiid at its head (vhich 
is f^imiilied with ornamental weather- 
screens, *c.) is HO ft. in width, 
band perfonoB daily on tlie West 
Pier, and one also occasionally on the 
Chain Pier. 

The best shops are on the King's- 
road (facing the sea), North-street, and 
p:B6t-8tn-et. There are nf arly eighty 
places of dirine worship in the town. 
Of ihe clinrclies, the most ancient and 
interesting is St Sidiala» (at tho top 
of the Down end of Church-street), 
built lemp. Hemy VII., restored 
1853-34. It contains a beautiful 
ruod'Edeen (of the Lest period of 
the Ferp. style), an ancient font, 
and the Wellington Memoiinl, a 
riohly-decoratedcros3,18ift.Ligh. St. 
Peter') (now the parish church) is a 
Gothic structnre by G. Barry, erected 
in 1821; it is situated at Ihe north 
part of the town, between the more 
northern Steine Enclosure and Letel. 
The Cliapel Boyal, the foundation- 
stone of which WBB laid by George, 
Prince of Wales, in 1793. The royal 
pew is still preserved. 

Near tho old Steine (which in tho 
palmy days of the Begeney was the 
only place of fashionable resort in 
Brighton) is tho Royal Pavilion, a 
unique structure, commenced in ViSi 
by uie Prince of Wales (aubseqnently 
Geo. TV,), who spent immense sums 
in altering and extending it, and 
iu decotating and fumisliing the in- 
terior. He occupied it as a marine 
residence down to 1827. William 
IV. and Queen Adelaide occasionally 
visited it, as did also her present 
Majesty ; but as it was, by reason of 
the jnvwth of the town, unsuitihl for 
a loyal nuirioe residence, it was ulti- 
mately abandoned. It was in ISfiO 
purohased by the town for 5S,0Oai., 



and tho grand suite of rooms (their 
original decorations being restored) 
have since been used for public balls, 
concerts, &e. The Royal Stables, be- 
neatli the dome, were in 1867 con- 
verted into a splendid Assembly 
lioom : and other stables and offices 
adjoinini^ (built for Queen Adelaide) 
have been converted into rooms for 
the Free Ltbrari/, MiueHia, Picture 
Gallery, &c. 

The Theatre ia in the New-road, 
and overlooks the western portion of 
the Pavilion Grounds. Brighton can 
boast of a line racecourse, formed on 
the Downs, to the north-east of the 
town; the grand stand, erected iu 
1851, cost, wltU subsequent additions, 
nearly 11,0001., and is a model of 
the kuid. The races take place in 
tho £rst week in August in each 
year. Good hnnling is always ob- 
tainable in the season in the nejgti- 
bourhnod of Brighton, the packs bein^ 
— the Brighton Hnrriers, the Brook- 
side Harriers, the South Down Fox- 
hounds, and Ihe East Sussex Fox- 
bounds. At Hove, thei'c is a flno 
cricket ground and skating link. 
There are sevei'al Clulie, the most im- 
portant being the Union Club, near 
the Bedford Hotel ; the Brigldon iVew 
Ohib-koiise — a noble building at tUo 
corner of Preston- street — was opened 
1876. 

There arc more than 160 boarding- 
schools, aud about filty day schools at 
Brighton. 

Erntm&ns, — Among rides and 
dnvcs are la) the Devirt Dyke, 5} 
m. N.W. (public conveyances mn 
frequently from tho comer of Ship- 
street, &re 2s.), which is one of Ihe 
finest points of the Downs, and com- 
mands grand views in all directions. 
There is a comfortable Jnn on the 
Dyke, {h) Poyniiigs Ch., below the 
Dyke, N., and 5 m. ttota Brighton, is 
early Pe^, and of much interest, (c) 
Fre^on, 2 m. N., quiet and prettUy- 
idtuBted, with an B.-F. (%. Observe 
on wall of nave, on either side of 
chancel arch, some indistinct muml 
paintings, representiug on one side the 
murder of Beckct, on the other St. 
JlicLacl with his scales ; thence to 



BBIM8COMBE— BRISTOL. 



raU^tam (If m. 'S.), wliere the Ch. u 
a carious mixtuie of E.-E., Dec,, and 
Perp. work ; rehiniii^ b^ HoUing^xiry 
fb<Ue{I}m.8.B),oveilookiDgiS^nnier 
Fork (Earl of Cliicbtstar'a), (d) To 
itoNingdean, 4 m. E^ a quiet little 
wateriDFC-place, with a good Jnn. 
ThQ clifis between Kemp Town 
and Bottiogdean contain occasional 
mnnnrn of i^careous strata, in whicb 
are muneioiiB fossila. ITcam here to 
NetrAanen, 5 m., the pedestrian maj 
either keep aloi^ the load at top of 
clifb, or may descend to the beaoh at 
SaUdean Gap, 1 m. K, where the 
coastguard will tell liim the state of 
the tide, (e.) Over and among the 
Downs, via Devil's Djke, to Maritpier- 
point, 9 m., and 2} m. W. of the Hae- 
sock^s Gate Stat No lover of pic- 
turesque scenery should leave Brighton 
without some exploration of the South 
Downs, which extend 53 m. in length, 
with OD averse breadth of 4^ tn., anc^ 
AD average height of abont 500 ft., 
the highest point being at Ditchling 
Beacon (858 ft), due N. of the town 
(see liitraduclion to Handbook /or 

Diriatteei and time oconpied bj lail- 
waj. — On W. aide, Kingitonoa-Sea, 
9 m. (20 min.); SiMreham, 6 m. 
(about 2D min,); Worthing, 19 m. 
(20 min. by express); Littlehampton, 
22J m., md Ford June. JIJ hr.); 
Amndel CaitU, IJm, N. of FordJu 
(about 50 min.); Chicheder{ 2Si 
Oa E. ride, Newhaven, 50 min. ; Seo- 
tbid. 1 hr. ; Eaalboame, 1 hr. ; Haxt- 
ingi, Ij hr. On N.W., Lew$, i he.; 
Tvtibridge WelU, 1} hr.; Qoodwood, 
26 at. (ihaylon nearest railway sta- 

Brisstock, see Oundle. 
BniKHAK Bocks, see Bipon. 
Brfmsvombe (Gloucester.) 

—Stat. (Jm. from yillage), G. W. Ely. 
Jnn ; Tiotoria — is a popolooa disfrict, 
dependent on the West of England 
oloth-making. The scenery of " the 
Golden Vidley" is very charming, 
and it is a superb walk to Minchin- 
haraplon (»ee), IJ m. 

Bbihkbdbn, Bee SoOJnay, 

Bristol (City and Conoty oO- 
Joint Stat, for (a) G. W. £Iy. (Bristol 



A Exeter A; S. Wales Union), and (b) 
Midi. Bly. (Bristol, Birmingbam, Bath, 
and Boomemouth), Jjim; "BcyalH., 
College-green, about I m. ftraa station, 
and close to Oathednl; Grand H.. 
late White Lion, Bioad-street; Qeorge, 
close to statimi. 

Jnn* at Cli/ton, 2 m. off (omnibus), 
on the high airy downs ctoee to the 
suapension-farldge and grage of the 
Avon ; the Queen's Hi, near Vic- 
toria Booms; "Clifton Down H.; 
St. Vinoent Bocks H. 

Britlol, capita] of the West of Eag> 
land, a very ancient city and seaport, 
was for centuries second to London, 
and still carries on considerable trade 
and various manufactures. It stands 
upon the Avon at its junction with 
the Prome about 7 m. from the sea, 
but ainoe the dianuel is intricate and 
shallow at low tide, the rivers have 
been expanded into basins for ship- 
ping, and docks have also been opened 
since 1676 at the mouth of the Avon, 
and are connected with Bristol by 

The bnsineaa part of the town lies 
on the banks of and between the 2 

rivers, and the oentre of it is at the 
cTOflsiDg of 4 streets : E., Wine-street ; 
N., Broad-stteet i 8., High-street; W., 
Corn-street. Close to (his are the 
OuUdkall, modem Gothic, the £'z- 
chaTige and C<namercial Rotrmi. 

On the heights above Bristol is the 
airy suburb, now joined io it, of Clifton, 
consisting chiefly of rows and terraces 
and delaehed villas, residences of the 
citizens, stretching reund the fine open 
space of Durdham Downs, which is 
cjefl abruptly by the grand gorge of 
the Avon, 500 ft. deep, crossed ly the 
chain Suipemum Bridge. This luidge 
and the views near i^ the Cathedral, 
St. Mar^ BedoliCfe, and soma other 
churohes, are the most interesting 
sights for the stranger in Bristol. 

Reddiffe St. Ma^e Chvr^ is about 
10 min. walk from the rly. station, 
and its elegant spire rises ttom a r ock 
of red sandstone, in a rather dirty 
quarter of the city. It is decidedly 
one of the moat beantifnl Gothic parish 
churches in England, and has been 
well restored by Qodan'n. It owes 



its eiiatence to the merohant-prince 
of Bmtol, «ome of whom are buried 
within it It ii enteied bj a porcli 
next the tower, the oatec part of which 
is a Deo. el^aot bezagou, the inner 
portal being eqoally elegant E. Eog. 
The leat of the eh. ia nearly on one 
unifbnn plan and style (Perp.), not to 
be Bnrpnsaed for beauty sad lightness. 
The roa& of the nave and aisles are 
elaborately ornamented with minale 
traoery, and the cAofr haa a beautiful 
stone reredos illustrating the feeding 
of the SOW by our Saviour. Behind 
IB the Perp. Lady Chapel. AfonumenCs 
—(a) In uie 8. transept, ia Caaynmt, 
one of the founders of Uie oh., and a 
great merchant, temp. Ed. IV. ; (t) in 
ttie N. aisle, t« the Medea, 1475, with 
winged angels between the arohea ; 
(o) the armour of Sir William Perm, 
1670, father of Oie Quaker, hung up at 
W. end of nave. In the street lead- 
ing from the stat. to the bridge is 
the Temple Ch., so called from its 
founders, the Knight TemplaiH, and 
not unlike — in lb airy lightness 
and pure E. Eng. style — their ch. 
in Iioiulon. Crosa Bnttol Bridge, 
W. of which commenoaa the Doek*, 
formed b; the channels of the Avon 
and Frome, converted into a floating 
basin by changing the conrse of the 
former river. At the head of High- 
street is the centre of Bristol, from 
whence tbur streets diverge. At the 
end of Broad-street is a part of the 
2WnuaUandSt.>'bAn'aCA,,Bt. John's 
Gate being carried nnder the tower. 
See the ttatut*. over the gate, of 
Breunas and Eelinns, the fabled foun- 
ders of Bristol. The OuiMAoH is a 
modem Gothic building. In Bmall- 
atreet are Post-offlce and Assize-courts. 
In Com-tiTeet are the Exchange and 
Commercial Rooma. St. Stepken'i Ch. 
(rt.) has a lofty and elegant square 
tower, 133 ft. high, and a rich porch. 
AUSatntt^ Ch. hat momaaeDlahj Rye- 
hraeh to Colston, 1721, a princely bene- 
factor to the city. The WtMt of Eng- 
land and the NoHanal and Prom'Mvd 
BmJa in Corn-street are fine build- 
ings. To tiie 1., close to the docks, 
is Quem-sfuore, partly burned down 
iathe riots of 1823, with an eqnes^"~ 



statue to Wm. UI. by Sy^aeh ; also 
the General HtmiitiU, a handsome and 
well-Stted estabUshment. 

Cross the drawbridge over a portion 
of the Floating Harbour to, I., St. 
Aogustine's Parade, and rt,. College 
Green, S. of which is the CaOtedrtd, a 
venerable (founded circa 1110) bnild- 
ing. It formerly consisted only of 
choir and transepts ; the nave, de- 
stroyed iu the 15th cent., was at length 
erected in nniform style with the 
choir, by Btrtel, in 1876. There is 
a mixture of styles from Nonn. to 
Perp., the Dec. portions tieing of a 
peculiar Qenn, tj^ Notice the mag- 
nificent E. window, the glasa of the 
upper part being of the year 1320; the 
cresting on the top of cornice over the 
altar and the pecuhar vaulting of the 
choir aisles, and the peculiar decora- 
tions of the monumental reoBsaeB. 
Momtmralt: (d) In choir. Lady Young, 
1603. (b) In Newton Chapel (S. aisle), 
Bp. Gray, by ai% (e) In the 8. aisle. 
Dr. Eiwyn, W BaOy, and his wife, by 
ChaaiTey; Miz. Staohopo, by Sir R. 
WeHmaeott. (d) In B. transept, Bp. 
Batler (author of the 'Analogy ), with 
insoription by SouOtey ; B&s. Cmw- 
fiird, by OhaiUrey; Catherine Vemon, 
by Bacon, (e) In N. tnmacpt, Hra. 
ifeaper, mentioned by Sterne, by Ba- 
con ; the sisteiB Porter, the novelists. 
(/) In N, aisle, Mrs. Mason, with in- 
scription by her husband and (iray; 
Mrs. Middleton and the poet Sonthey, 
both by BixHy. Notice the grotesqrie 
carvings in this aiale, also the Hise- 
" of the cathedral are the 



flne vestibule and Norm, arcades, with 
cable and zigzag mouldinga. On the 
restoration of the flooring in 1832, a 
remarkable piece of early sculpture 
(Norm.) was diacovered, on a elone 
slab covering a coffin. It repteaenta 
the descent of Christ into Hell and the 
delivery theuoe of Adsm. W. is the 
College Gate, a beautiful Norm, arch- 
way of oolite. 

On the N. side of the Green is the 
Mayoi't Chapel (or 81. Xark"! Ch.\ an 
exquisite bit of late Gothic, fonnded 
by Sobt de Berkeley drc. 1220, ccn- 



aigtiiig of a narrow oboic tennlnating 
in A Perp. stoDS altar-soreeii, above 
which IB a, painted window. The roof 
ia oak, with painted bosses. On rt of 
Qie altar is the Poifnlc Chaptl, a 
specimen of moat elaborate ornament. 
MonaniaUt : (a) Tu Sir Maurice de 
Oamit and nephew, 1229. (b)SfflgieB 
of a Beikele; and his wife, noler 
a beautiful Dec. arch. <c) A bishop. 
This chapel is seldom open, and the 
kOT ii kept a long waj on. 

From College-green ascend Park- 
tlrwt, at top of which on rt (com- 
mencement of Queen's-road) is the 
Brubd Muteum and Jjibrary, con- 
taining u fine geol^^cal collection. 
BaS^i 'Sre at the Fountain' is 
in the entrance-hall. At the top 
of Paik-street Cli/lim commences; 
rt ia Bliitd Aiylam and Bi/h HaU; 
L is Brandon Hill (a superb view 
of the city and a large extent of 
Bomeraetsbire). A fort was thrown 
up here, in time of civil wars, to de- 
fend the city against Prince Rupert, 
Fnrther on, on rl., are tlie Q<tBen'$ 
Siild, and, beyond, the Scho<d of Art 
centring 3 piotnies by Hogar& — 
the Eatombment. Beannection, and 
Aacension. The Victoria Roomi are 
immediately liidiig. looking dowa 
Qoeen's-road, and the visilor should 
torn L of these and make bis way by 
QiJUnt Ch., the Koyal-eresoent, and 
Sion-hill, to the Poumt and 

The Su^)enrion Chain Bridge, which 
has a span of 703 fL. a length of 220 O., 
and crosses the ravine at the Avon, 
between the St. Fi'ncenCs Bocki and the 
Leigh Woodt, at a height, from low 
Hater, of 287 ft. The chains an those 
of Hungerford Bridge. Ijondon. The 
bridgewaa opened in 1864. Theviews 
from this and liom the edge of the 
gorge are striking. Overlooking tlie 
Books, which are of great height and 
lately qoarried for the limestone, is 
an (Kuenatory, witli a passage lad- 
ing to the Gia»l'$ Core, The Leigh 
Woods and the Nightingrde YaUey 
oppoEite are of great beanty. The 
Rmaios here of an ancient Boman 
camp have been nearly swept away in 
btdlding new hon^es. At the bottom 
of the ravine, by the rivciyside, are the 



has been removed by the Dock Com- 
mittee, and the spring is at present 
closed. The BriiUl Port anA Pier 
Bly. runs alongside the river for 6 m. 
to iSAtrehatnoton and Awmmonlh, where 
the BeA'dod^s are formed. Tratnt ft«> 
qnent Cross by the Chain-bridge, and 
reitnin from I^h Woods by Bown- 
hstn Ferry. The views from the 
Downs ore very charming, extending 
over the Channel into Moomoathsblre 
and B. Wales. Oontinne past tLe 
Zooltigical Oardent (very attractive, 
admlsdon 6d.) to DurtUtma Dmuni and 
on to Bneyd Park, overlooking the 
river and channel, a most interestlDg 
walk or drive. 

ExcurtioTU.—^a) i m, N. across 
Hie Downs, and through Weilburu-on- 
Trym to fienburu, a charming littls 
Tillage. BlaiM CatOa (Mrs. Harford) 
has a &ie collection of paintings, prin- 
cipally of the time of M. Angelo and 
Raphael, only shown by speoial per- 
mission ; no adoissioa in wet weather. 
In the conservatory are superb heads 
of the Anfinoua and Diana of Qabti. 
The gtonnda (shown on Tbnrs. from 
11 to 4, flrom Hay to Nov., by sendiog 
a card to the bead gardener a day 
or two before, when an order will be 
fonndawaiUng the visitor at the Upper 
Lodge, Henbnry) are wild, and com- 
mand beontiful views acroa the Bristol 
Channel. Bee the 10 model cottages, 
boilt by Naih, for aged servants of the 
fomily. (i) By rail to Sbirehamjtton, 
SJ m,, near the month of the river, 
from Clifton Slat. ; thence ascend 
Penpole Point, tor the view, skirting 
the wall of Kinft WeiUm Park 
(Mrs. Miles), a fine bonse, by Van- 
brvgh, in a lovely park, (c) By the 
New Passage line to AihUy Slai., 
I, is the Orphan A»ylum, for 205O 
children, erected and maintained by 
Qeorge Miiller entirely from the doily 
offerings of the charitable. May be 
visited on Wed. and Thurs. ; oab fare 
from Bristol, 2t. 6d. The whole line 
to Nete Pottage, 11 m., is pretty, 
and partioulftrfy near Patehicay, 6 m. 
(omnibus to iTurrnbury, see). On rt, 
is £noEe Part, in an exquisite situa- 



BROADSTAim— BROMLEY. 



atioo. The Ch. (A. Norm.) is 
dform, and has an octagoiial spire. 
In Ovei cutting may be Been the jiino- 
tion of lias and New Eed. At New 



hero the intricate timber pi 






irpiei 
ts of the interlacing beams. 
Auxt dig, IJ m. N. (TiajectuB Au- 
gnsti) is a fine aectiou of Bluetic, 
or " Peanarth beds," and contaioa 
a remarkable bone-bed. A steamer 
croaees daily, 2 m., to Beaehky, i m. 
tram Cliepttoa (sae). (d) i m. front 
Bristol, on the S. aide of the Avon, 
2 m. beyond the Suspension Bridge, 
Leigh CmH (Sir Wm. Milefl, Bt.), 
shown on Thuradayi. llokets muat 
be obtained at the Bristol Baoli, Corn- 
street. A ftrat-ratecoUectioQ of Italian, 
Flemish, and Spanish paintings, in- 
cluding Martyrdom of St. Andrew, 
JtfuriUo ; Woman taken in Adultery, 
B^diem; Venus and Adonis, Titian; 
Christ bearing the Cross, Ra^iael ; 
The Conversion of St. Paul, Snbem 
(sold in 1806 for 4O0D gumeas), &o. (t) 
By train to PorluAead (see) or to Nail- 
aea and Yatton Stats. (G. W. line), 
in the neighbourhood of which is ro- 
mantic sceoery on the skirts of the 
Hendips. Steamers daily in smnmer 
to nfraconibe, calling off Lynmonth ; 
and on specified days to 8. Wales 
(Tenby, l^ord, Bwamea, &c.) and to 
Ireland (Waterfoid, Cork, Dublin, and 
Belfast). 

A local guide, ' How lo see Bristol,' 
by J. F. Nichalls, Esq., the city libra- 
rian, price le., will be very oseful to 
a stranger. 

BantHAM, see Torgvay. 

BBixwoaTH, see NortHajaplon. 

Bboadhembubt, see HoniUm. 

Bboadlahds, see Bonuey, 

Sroadsmlrs (Kent). Stat, 
L.C.&D.Bly. Inn*.- Albion; Vic- 
toria. This place, 2 m. E.N.B. from 
Bamsgete, is muob qoieter than either 
that town or Margate, and in many 
respects is preferable as a bathing- 
place. The sands are Arm and good, 
and from the parade on the cliffs above 
there is a grand lea view. Lodgings 
are good and numerous. 1 m. inland 
is St. Petei't, agreeably situated, with 



manypleaaant honaee scattered about 
it. The ch., restored in 1859, datea 
from the 12th cenL, with additions to 
the end of the 16th, when tbe con- 
spicuous flint tower was built. Stone 
Houte, 1 m. E., near the North Foreland 
Lighthouse, is the marine residence 
of the Arcbbp. of Canterbury ; ad- 
joining is a noble orphanage, erected 
through the exertions of Mrs. Tait. 

BROiDWATBB, Bcc WoriMng. 

Bbockbi Hall, see Hatfield. 

Bbooklst Coube, see Clevedoa. 

Bbohfibu), see Ludtoa. 

Brouhak (Beds.), see Bedford. 

Bbokham (Wilts.), see Chippenham 
and ileUtsliam. 

Bbohholh pHioar, see Waliham, 
North. 

Bromler (Kent), a market 
town on the rt. bank of the Bavens- 
boume, 10 m, from London by road, 
11 m. by tho Mid-Kant line of the 
S. E. Kly., and 13 m, by tlio L. 0. & D. 
Ely. liiTw.- White Hart; BelL It 
stands on high ground in the midst 
of |a riohly wooded and picturesque 
country. At one end of the town, hs- 
ineen Widmore-lane and the railway, 
is what was the pulaoo of the Bps. of 
Bochester; at the other tbe no less 
stalely buildings of Bromley College. 
On tbe crown of the bill, just out of the 
High-street, is tbe old weather-worn 
ch. ; and close at hand the Market- 
place, in tbe centre of which standa a 
showy new red brick Gothic Town 
Halt. 

The Ch. (St. Peter & St. Paul) is of 
the Perp. period, but the N. aisle waa 
rebuilt in 1792, and the whole re- 
paired 'and large galleries added in 
ISSO. Inside the ch. are some monu- 
ments of interest. Ubserva the Itaeo 
old lieh-gaU at the entrance to tne 
ah.-yd., and the yew avenue leading 
to the N. door of the ch. On leaving 
the oh-yd. go to the open space imme- 
diately W. of it, for the fine view over 
Beckenhan, Hayes, nnd Sydenham, 
and the valley of the Bavensboume. 

Sundridge Park (E. J. Scott, ^BQ.\ 
i m. N.E. of Bromley, will afford a 
pleasant stroll, and has special interest 
for the geologist. "A hard oonglome- 
rate, entirely made np of oyster sheila 



BROU WICU—BRO DGHTON. 



69 



and the sbiugla that formed theii 
uatiTe bed.** ia qnarried from a pit 
b; Slmttead-lane. Observe the Fuk 
Lodge, which is baUt of stone qaar- 

lied from this pit, and which is full 
of fosaila; some remaihably fine cy- 
renu may be seen in the voIIb. A 
charming walk leads fiom Suudridge 
Park to ChUkhuTit, where Iha geolo- 
gist may contiuue hts inTestigations 
on the Woolwich Beds, itndy the 

Kbble deposits from which Chifle- 
irst derives its name, and esamine 
the chalk caves in Camden Park. 

Bromptoh, see Chaihaja. 

Bbohbobovb, tee Worcater. 

Kromwicb, fVest (Staff.), 
2 Slats., L. * N. W., and G. W. Elya., 
}hr. by rail from BirmtaghaDi (Inn^ 
Dartmouth Hotel), is a very bui; 
mMmfactnring town, where every 
variety of iron wrak is moduced. — 
See the AUnoa Workt. The pariah 
Ch. is on a hill 1 m. N., and contains 
MonmitenU to the Wborwood family 
(,16th cent.). SandvieU Park, formerly 
a Benedictine priory, and Ihe — 
perty of the E. of Dartmouth, is i 
pied by a training iiniiliUion under 
the care of Mius tielwyn, sister of the 
Bp. of Lichfield. Hallam, the histo- 
rian, resided at W. Uromnioh. 

»romT»r<l{Hereford> It^~.. 
Hop-pole; falcon. Stat, f hi. (11 m.) 
from Worcester, and 12 m. from Htats. 
of Ledbnry. Leominster, and Great 
Malvern. The cruciform Ch. is of 
Norm, construction. 

i m. K. E. Netheneood. On a very 
steep hill above Uie ch. is a British 
encampment enclosing 20 acres, in eZ' 
cellent preservation, supposed to have 
been made durtnz the retreat of 
Caractacns from the Herefordshire 
Beacon. 

The E.-E. Ch. exhibits many inter- 
esting architectural features. 

t m. N, Teditone Delaraere, Norman 
and E.-E. Ch., rebuilt 1856-1M7 by 
Sir 0. 6. SeoU ; is adorned by columns 
of Serpentine marble from the Lizard 
i'oint,Biidgoodpaintedwindowa. The 
old work has been replaced piece by 
piece. T be chancel Ecreenof carved oak, 
probablyof Tudor date, and the Norm. 
font, have been carefully preserved. 



On the confines of this parish is a 
beautiful vall^ called "the Devil's 
PDncbbovl." 'nieTedBlone''/>iiijiIea'' 
abonod with rate plants and wild 
scenery. The Sapev brook, which 
Hows through the ravine, is celebrated 
for its trout 

6 m, B. KnighU/ord Bridot, on the 
1. bank of the Teme Btver (inn : Tal- 
bot), is a fovourite resort of anglers. 
The finely wooded slopes of Ankerdine 
are also attractive to geologists. 

S m. E. EnigUtcidt, on 6. bank of 
the Teme. There is a remarkable 
cliff here called " the Bosebury Bock," 
the summit of which is 350 ft above 
the sea. "As a pictnresqne object, 
Bosebury Book forma a beautifully 
wooded mass, shronding the rapid 
Teme that bathes its base, and tempt- 
ing the naturalist to explore its hol- 
lows, involved in a labyrinth of denae 
vegetation." 

Broseley (Salop) is 1 m. R. of 
Ironbridge Stat., Severn Vallejr Bly. 
( Jnn ; Lion), and is known for its to- 
bacco-pipe manufacture. 1 m. W,, at 
Bmthalt, areMaw'sencaustiotile works 
(admission by appointmeut if visitor is 
not connected with the trade). Tba 
geologist Ehonld cmea BenVxaU Edge, 
&mouB for its Upper Silurian (Wenlock 
shale) fossils, and may descend up<Hl 
Bitildiaai Aliey, 'i m. (see SridgnaTQi). 

Bbouoh, see jpple^. 

Bbougham Castle and Hall, see 

Pmrilh. 

Braus'lMon (lAnc.}— Stat 
Funiess Bly, Coniston Branoh. ( Jntw: 
Old King's Head; New King's Head) 
— is a quiot little town situated near 
the top of tbe estnarj of the Duddoa 
(the subject of a aeries of sonnets by 
Wordsworth). Above the tidal flow, 
the river abounds in trout and salmon. 
The Duddon is ^so famed for mussels 
and cockles. Ou a hi]! above the town 
is Brofighton Toieer (J. Sawr^, Esq.), 
an old embattled mansion. Tbe view 
from the grounds, which are open to 
tourists, Mth towards the sea and 
inland, will repay a visit. 

To Uie S. of the town ia Ettleriggi, 
the residence of Kt. Hon. B. A. Cross, 
Home Secretary. 

" , HeaOamite Felli, % m. E., are 



70 



BSOXSOVSNE—BSDTON. 



the supposed lemaina of an early 
Brituh settlaDumt. Excurtion up the 
Tale of Duddon to Bouroe of mer on 
Wi;noMFall.l2<nl4m.; 5or6hn. 
by conTej-anoe. Learing Bootle-road 
at DuddoQ Biidge, 1} m., tnm rt. to 
Ulpha Fells, paaemg Duddon Qtovo 

SUajoi Bawtinaoc). 4 m. bom Dod- 
OD Bridge is Ulpha Kirk (amnll 
Inn there. The Tnvellera' Beat) ; n 
little beyood is Dmmerdale, flanked 
on rt. by the perpendioulat Took, the 
"Pen," and on the I. by WallBbeirow 
CraK. Cro«» the bridge and go by 
bank of river as far as the " Stepping 
Stones" at Neafidd in Seatbwaile 
{Inn). Oross the stream by the stones, 
and rejoin conTeyanoe which has pn>- 
oeeded by rood. At Newfleld see the 
tomb in ch.-yd. and pew in ch, of 
Bev. Robert Walker (d. 17+1), immot- 
talised by Wordsworth. Leaving this, 
Coniiion may be reached by xsrosdng 
Beathwaite Beck, } m., to Beathwaite 
Tarn, and tbenoe over Walney Scai. 
A cmi track leads (tom the foot of 
Walney Scar to the town ; or by ooa- 
tinning the joomey to head of the 
Yalley and over the Wrynoee Pass. 

5 m. &om Newfleld, nearly at the 
extremity of the valley, is CockUy 
Beek, where ia " the cottoge rude and 
grey" of Wordsworth's sonnet Be- 
tween this and Wrynose the scenery 
is dreary. Any admirer of the ~ ~ ' 
who prefers to fallow the stKom 
its source with the volome of sonnets 
in. Mb hand, can do ao eiOier from 
Conition (see) through Yewdale, or 
from AmbWde through tittle Lang- 
dale to Fell Foot, 5 m. from whence 
he will commence ascent of Wrynose, 
at the summit of which are the 3 
Shire Stones marking the junction of 
Lancashire, Wetitmorland, and Cum- 
berland. Fsssing these and taming 
to 1., a little out of the ii»d, he will 
comfi upon the souioe of the Doddon 
and, (dier a descent of 1} m., reach 
Ooi^ey Beck. From here the conraa 
of the river may be followed to Doddon 

BmtuoHTON Cabtlb, see Banbury. 

Sroxhoume (Herts.), Blai 
Q. E. Rly., and 16 m. N. from 
London bj rood. The village is very 



pretty, and haa a handsome Porp. Ch. 
(St. Augustine), raised on a bank 
above a large and piotaresque water* 
mill close to the station. Observe altar' 
tomb in chancel, with a double brasa 
of Sir John Say and wife (d. 1473), and 
the fine panelled oak roof. The New 
Itm, b; the station, is a good boose, 
but the stranger should go down to the 
Crown, by the Lea, to see " Ihe finest 
example of dower-gardening In the 
kingdom." The Cmum is a fishing 
house, the Lea here h^g strictly pre- 
served (annual subscriptions, 1 gnine*; 
trout fishing, 2 guineas ; djay tickets 
for trout, 5s. ; for jack, 28. ; bottmk 
fifliung, 1«.). The rank of the Crovm, 
which afiixrds excellent acoonunoda- 
tion, among Bast End pleasure houses, 
is marked by the announcement that 
" Van-parties are not received." The 
next station, If m. beyond, is Rye 

BmMn (Somerset), Stat Ot. W. 
Rly. Jnns : Blue Bell : Wellington. 

This little town is prettily situated in 
valley among a cluster of hills, about 
4 m. from the wooded heights of Stonr- 
hesd and Alfred's Tower. 

The Viearage, adjoinine the ohurch, 
was formed IS22 by Bir Richard Colt 
Hoare, out of the ruins of the abbey. 
On a grassy hiU above it, ODoe the 
park of that abbey, stands a rocdess 
tower, commanding an excellent view 
of Bniton and its neighl>onrbood. 
Oreech MiR, crowned by a small camp, 
is seen to the N.W. 

The road to WinixuUon. i m., is a 
pretty drive, paasing on rt. Bedlynck 
Park, a Beat of the Earl of llchester ; 
and it., 1 m., the romautio hamlet of 
Dinx/ve. 

Alfred^ tToaeriaiim. bom Bmbm; 
and Stourhoad, the beautiful seat of 
Bir Henry Ainslie Hoare, Bart., 71 m. 
(See OiOingham.') 

The Ch. at Bataunbe, 3 m. N., is ana 
of the beat in the county. The tower 
is very fine, and ricUj decorated. 

1 m. W. of BrotoD, W^ Champ- 
fioaer, has a tdiqwl bitUt 1624, worth 
notice as an example of JaJAobean 
Oothic 

Bbthfton d'Evsioi, see Teovtl. 
Bbthmawb, see A 



SWSlNGBAU—SVDB. 



71 



jNbwX» 



I (Old 
MtltbcriAigk. 

BccKf ASTLEIOH, BCB Dortmoor. 
BuDKEUBST Hill, see Loughum. 
BncliiiisrIiaiM (Bucks.), Btet, 
61 m. from BDstttn-gqoare, L. ft N. 
W. Bl7.,i>ta Btetohle;, which wrathei 
more than 1 hr. by rail from Oxford. 
Inn* : 'White Hart ; Swan aod Csatle. 
BaOway (50 min.) to Banbiuy, but the 
road ifl 6 m. shorter. The town Bton^is 
on rather high gronnd, almost encir- 
cled by the river Ouse, which ia 
crossed by three bridges. Though a 
Teiy ancient place it baa few remains 
of Butiqnity, having suffered greatly 
from a fire in 172*. At a very ihott 
distance bom the town, oa the Brack- 
ley road, is the commeueement of the 
noble avenue (about 2 m. in length) of 
elma leading to Stmne, the princely 
scat of the Duke of Buckiagham ; 
neithei the maoBioa nor pleaBurs 
grounda are, however, ahown to 
public The magnificent art treaa 
were eold by public auction in 1818. 
Within the diatanco of 5 m. from the 
town the tourist will find several 
tcreating Qtardta. (a) 1 m. 
Tingetmiic — notice on the chancel wall 
a very curious brass of Erasmus Wil. 
li&mB, rector, 1608; (b) 2 m. 8. ol 
Tingewick, Chetjsode, the Ch, of an 
Aagustinian Priory, founded here 
124i; chancel very fine E. E., with 
some old stained glass ; (i;) 1 m. B. of 
Chctwode, Presfon Biaeet, a fine Dec. 
Ch. with excellent windows, doorwavs 
with flue moiddiuga and corbel beads, 
and good Dec aedilia ; (d) 2 m. E. of 
Preston Biseet, HiSladon, very fine 
Petp. ; tba 8. porch particularly good. 
From an attentive stud^ of thia Ch. 
Sir G. G. Soott derived ms knowledge 
of Gothic archilectore ; (a) 1} m. S. 
of Hillesdon is TayforA, which has 
some fine brasses. On N. side of the 
town are (/) 2 m. Maidx ^oreton Ch., 
e, Yeij b^utiful specimen of Perp., 
founded by " sisters and maids, 
daughters to Lord Pruet, 1450." The 
font, Gothic screen, roof of chancel, 
and three sedilia deaervo notice ; (g) 
2 m. B.E. of Maids Moreton, Thom- 
borottgh ; (A) 3 m. W. of Buckingham, 
Water Stratford; and 5 m. N.E. Lil- 



lingitone Dajp^, fine S.-E, Cb., re- 
stored by Ser«e(. 
BuoEisH Hill, see BidtforA. 
BcoKLAND, see Tamitoat. 
Bude (Comw.), a small but 
growing watering-pUoe m a gntnd 
and curious ccaat Itmt: 'Falcon; 
Bude Hotel. The vast and pictur- 
esque aea-clifi!s on either side of the 
haven, and the wild moorland soeiwry 
inland, are great attractions. CominK 
bom the 6. the tourist can prooeed 
to Lavnoetton either by train dinot, 
- by vray of Saltash (see PlymoxOhj 
d CaUington (see Lamtealon). 
From lAunceston it is IG m. by road 
The Tree), thence 
1) m. to Bude Haven. At 7 m. is 
Week St Jlfafv, where ia the n ' ' 
' ■ ry founded (14th cent') b; 
ral. 1 J m. 'before reachin^ 
the ptetty village of LauncelU, 
cell of Austin oanons. A 
_.jnt dated 1644, to the last of 
fiunily (John Cbamond) of the 
founder, still stands in the C%. Lu- 
mediately N. of the town of Btratton 
Stamford fftB, the scene of the 
battle in which the Parliamentarians 
loyalists (1G43). 
also visit the 
inclined plane of the Bude Canoj, ou 
Eobbacott Down, 1} m. W., an inge- 
nious substitute for a series of loake. 
In the immediate neighbourhood of 
Bude Haven, SentuKliff (450 ft.), N. : 
CompoM Point, V.; Beacon EiU, i 
m. W.; and Datard Point (550 ft.), 
W. boundary of Widemouth Bay can- 
not &il to delight and aatoniah the 
visitor. The Faffi. abont 16 m., to 
BotaatSe (see Laanealoti) is a very 
delightful one. A good road oIobb la 
the coast has been made to St. Gennjrs, 
10 m. (The Bev. B. 8. Hawker'a 
" Footprints of Former Uen in Old 
Cornwall,'' should be in the hands of 
this coast.) To the N, 



Hervey's "Meditations 
among tie TomlB," Bead inscription 
on monomeut of Sir Beville OrenviUe. 
Just N. ia ilie pictnieaqne ConAe 
Valley, (^lening to tbe sea between 
lofty cUns. In tbe parish Is a good 



72 



BUDLEIGS SALTEBTOS—BUBNEAJS. 



17th-cent. apeoimen of a utanor-tumae 
oallad AlderemOie (Sir O. Staclej, 
Bart). JfbruwrMfou), receatly len- 
deied □otoiioua ovmK_to the death- 
bed eeceasion of ita Vic*t (Rer. K. 
8. Hawker) to the Church of Rome, 
la 4 m. N., and 7 m. (nyta Stratton, 
and contaioB a apleodid old Ch., at 
great interest to the ecolesiologiat. 
The district about Hartland, &«., 6 m. 
N.jis described under Bideford. 

BODLB Bat, gee Bamboroagh. 

Budlely-li 8nlterton 
(Devon.), 5 m. from Exmouth Stat., 
to whioh omnibus rone four times 
dailT to meet trams — one of the most 
loTely driyee in the oountj. Inn; 
•Bolle Arms. This ia a delightful 
little wateriiy;-plBce, just W. of the 
mouth of the Otter, a r[vBt well known 
to the angler, but Btriotly preserved. 
Bhort Manirnont ma? be made to 
Ladram Bay, on opposite aide of the 
lirer, wbiob ia crowed i m. &om the 
sea b; a timber bridge ; to Badleigh, 
1 m.. and IJ m. rt, to Eayti Barton, 
the biitolaoe of Sir Walter Ealeigh ; 
and to Wea Down Beacon. For other 
exooiBiona, see Exmonih. 

ButLSWAa Abbbt, eee Bridgnorth, 

Bdh-th, aee Wga Biver. 

Boll Bat, aee AvUweh. 

Bungwy (Suffiilk), Stat., Ot. 
B. Blj. {Waveney Valley). Jm: 
King's Head. This town la prettily 
situated on a peninaula formed by the 
■windinga of Ihe 'WftTeney, which ia 
navigable for barges ; aad from the 
high ground on whioh it is placed, 
pleasant views are commanded. The 
Temaius of the Outte are entered hoia 
the yard of the King's Head Inn. 
The castle to which the existing ruins 
belong wot restored m 12S1 ; they 
consiat mainly of two low circular 
towers, flanking walls of an octangular 
ground plan, which enoloee a keqt 
54 ft. square. The Chvreh of 8t. 
jtfarv'i has, at the B.W. angle of the 
nave, a noble Perp. tower of four 
storeys, with fine turretted buttressea. 
The W. wmdow of the nave, and that 
of the N. aide, are Petp. and good. 
St. Mary's was the chorcb of a priory 
fonnded for Benedictine nuua in IIGO. 
The existing portion of the ch. WB« 



probably parochial; whilst the chan- 
cel, now m mine, was attached '" "■' 
priory, ot which there are no ret 
In the atreet fronting the towE 
house of the 16th cent., retaining 
dows with early tracery. 

Soly Trimly Ch. has a round tower, 
the lower part of whioh haa been re- 
rarded aa earlier than the Oonqueat, 
The upper part, with the windows, is 
Perp. There is here an extenstve 
printing establishment, and also the 
very targe silk foetory of the Mbbbtb. 
Grout, 

2 m. B.E. is XetUngham, whose 
CatOe, built in the reign of Edw. IH., 
though rnined, retains its gateway, 
and within its enclosure portions of 
the oolite eatabliahed in the reign of 
Hich. IL The mina are extensive, 
and the lofty Edwardian gate-tower 
is striking. 

In Mettingham Ch., remnina ot rich 
stall-work and of the screen eiists. 

At Becalei (see) June, 20 min. dis- 
tant by railway from Bungay, the 
train nuv be taJien to LowestcA and 
Yarmoutn. 

(OlonX see Wilofy. 



tereating Cft„E. E„ with a beautifully 
carved screen ftom Iiouvain, an ala- 
baster effigy of the Priooeaa EUizabeth, 
daughter of John of Oamil, and a very 
unique triptveh, executed in 15BS, I^ 
Melchior tSalaboea. In the centre are 
paintings of Bicboid Cromwell and 
wife, and iu panel underneath is tba 
fleure of Edmund Cc^nwall, the 
"Strong Baron." On the outer lid 
are the Twelve Apoetle* Bw/ord 
House (Lord Northwick) haa a flaa 
avenue of treea, 

BuBOH CASrL£, see YanrunUh. 

BcBOHLEi, see Stamford. 

Bdbnham Beborbs (Bucks.), aee 
Maidinbsad. 

BuBNHAM (Norfolk).'8ee WeOt (Nor- 
folk). 

Bunlliaiii (Somerset.;. Stat, 
Semerset & Doraet Bly., worked by 
Mid. and L. £ 8. W. Branch from 
Highbridge Stat., li m. Jroia.- Chi- 
rence Hotel ; Beed'a Hotel, close to 
the station. This is a watering-place 



SUBNLET—BVSY. 



uooh frequented by the iohsbitaiita 
of Bristol n&d Bridgwater. It hfta ft 
fine sandy beach ; bat Uie Be* tetitee 

tamx it 4 m. at low vatei. ) m. to 



is ohiefly reroarfcaWe for a very stately 
white mtiTbie altar-piece, designed by 
Id^ Jones for Whitehall Chapel. 

Eatl Brent to the N., and South 
Brent to the W. of Brent Knoll, have 
intereeling chnicbea. 

BMrnley (LnncV- two S 
L-AY. Bly. linn: Bull); Pml-q^', 
Hanchcster-mad — is a maDDiaotiiriDg 
town, dependent on the cotton and 
woollen tradcB, bnt aitniated in a bro- 
ken and pretif distriot, at the junc- 
tion of the Calder and the Brun. The 
Ch. (temp. Edward lU.) baa been re- 
stored in memory of the late General 
Scarlett. The Tmmidey Chapd, at E. 
of N. aisle, contains monuments to 
Uiat &mily, and one to Ohailce Towne- 
ley, the antiqnaly, who formed the 
collection of the Towneley marblr" '~- 
the British Huseum. There are many 
iutereetiDg old honses in the neigh- 
bourhood, viz. <a) Fvihdge, i m. B.E., 
between Bamley and Towneley ; (b) 
Soyk, 1 m. N.W. ; M Hesartd/(xrd, 

1 m. N.B., on bank of the Bran t (d) 
Donw, i TQ. N.; (e) ExtwitlU EaU, 
3im.E.; BarCTo/t,2i m.E.,in Calder 
VttUey; (/) Ormerod Sail, 3 r " 
(Rev. W. ThnrBhy), 16th cent., ^, 
Town^ (Col. Towneley), a fine 
house, with wings and towers. There 
are many family portraits and ca; 
the Towneley marbles, for which the 
Trustees of the British Unsemn paid 
20,0001. 

BuBSCMDOH PnoBT, Bee OrmMrk, 
Snrslem (Staff.) — Stat., 1 
Staff. Ely. (Inn; Leopard)— is or 
of the principal pottery towns of 
North Staffonlshire, and contains 
some very large works, such as those 
of Messrs. Davenport Mid Co. Visitors 
admitted between 10 and 1 aji. and 

2 and 5 p.m., on Tuesdays, Wednes- 
days, and Thursdays. See the Wedg- 
wood tfemorfoZ Hall, of Italian style, 
where there is a School of Art especi- 
ally adapted to ceramic mannfactnce. 

Bdbtoh Aqnes, ae« Bri^ington. 



BCR'TOH BsAsarocE, see Bridpori. 

BuBTON Laz&bb, Bee Mellon Jfou- 

au. 

Burt«n-on/rrent (StafE), 
8tat.,Midl.&L.&N.W.Rlys. Iniu: 
White Hart ; Queen's ; Midland ; 
Geoi^. The metropolis of the bitter- 
beer trade is on the 1. bank of the Trent, 
sloping down to which is the cli.-yd., 
containing a few arches Euid walls of 
the old abbey, founded by an Earl of 
Heida in 1002. The breweries are 
ooloesaL There are six targe firms, and 
about twenty-four smaller ones. Per- 
mission can be obtained to visit Alossn. 
Allsopp and Co., or Messrs. Bass and 
Co, Visitors will have to Rive their 
names and profession! at the offloe. 
when they will receive a ticket, and 
be shown round by one of the nnder- 
brewers. The former empWs 1400 
hands, and the tatter 2000. The prin- 
cipal objects ore the grinding mills 
for braising the malt, the coppers for 
holding the wort, and the cooperages, 

BoRWELL. see NewmarJiet. 

BMrv (Lano.)— Stat., L.&T. Ely. 
(Inn: "Derby Hotel); Foti-ogice, 
Broad-street — is a busy and important 
manufacturing town, sitaated on a 
bill overlooSog the Irwell. At 
Messrs. Wrigley and Sons', the paper 
for the London 'Times' is mana- 
factured. Notice the Peel Monumetd, 
in the market-place, in memory of 
the late Sir Robert Feel, who was 
bom at Chamber EaU, in the town, 
and whose father had extensive calico 
printing works here. Tbo very fine 
Ch. (Canon Hornby, rector) near the 
old market-place, has been eutlrely 
rebuilt (except the tower). Proceed 
to footpath at back of school-house on 
N. side of the oh. for view of the 
valley and hills beyond. Of the 2 
monumenlal pillEus which are visible, 
that on rt. denotes the spot where the 
brothers Cbeeryble (v. infra) threw 
the stick which, in accordance with 
tie direction it fell, was to determine 
the place where tliey were to seek 
their fortune. 

Exeaniotu. — (a) Walk, or by rail, 
to Bochdale, 6 m., on the N. side of 
the valley of the Bocb, which is very 
pretty. (6) By mil, up the valley of 



74 



SffliY ST. EDMUND'S. 



the Irwell, to Summerieat, 5 w., a, 
maaDfacturing village, chiefly depend- 
ent on tlie factory of the Me«a». Grant, 
tbb ori^inalBof the "Brothers Cheery- 
ble," in ' Nicholas Nickleby,' and 
charmingly situated at foot of Hoi- 
conibe Hill, vhioh is crovDod by a 
lofty tower to the late Sir B. Feel. 

Baddiffe, 2} m., Btat. (Badoliffe 
BridRB), L. * Y. Ely. (Inn .- Boar's 
HeadX wBH the property and resi- 
dence of the famous family of Kad- 
dyfle since the time of Henrj' H., and 
one single tower, in mins, is left to 
mark where they lived. Eaddiffo is 
famuuB in ballad literature for the 
tragedy of " Fair EUen of Badoliffe." 

Busy Dit«hb, tee Jtsbop'i ChcUe. 

Bury nt. Eamimd'H (Suf- 
folk), SUt, Gt. E. Bly. Jnnc 'Angel, 
nearly opposite the Abbey-gate ; Bell, 
in the Comhili ; Suffolk, Butter-mai- 
ket This Iowa is regairded by the 
people of Suffolk, from its good air and 
pleasant position, aa the " Montpellier 
of England-" It is still a prosperous, 
brisk town ; and on the eastern edge 
of it runs a range of monastic ruins, 
to which the stranger is admitted oa 
payment of 6(i. The former import- 
ance of Bury SL Edmund's was en- 
tirely owing to its famous Abbey, 
the remaiuB of which are still of very 
great interest The site of Bury St. 
Edmimd'i is first known as " Beodrics 
Weorth" — the " wwrth," or bome- 
■, of Beodric 



monastery in honour of the Vi 
Beodrics weorth is not again menti 
luitil it became the resting-place of 
8t Edmund. little more is known 
with certainty of St. Edmund, King of 
East Anglia, than that he was de- 
feated and MUed by the Danes about 
the year 870. About 94S, Edmund, 
son of Edward the Elder, is said to 
have granted to the college of seculars 
a charter which gave them ji)risdiotic~ 
over the town, and for a space of oi 
mile round it. In the course of the 
long fight between the seculars and 
the regulars, the former were deolared 
uD£t guardians of so great a treasure 
aa St Edmund's body i and a ] 



diotine named Ailwin was appointed 
its protector. Ailwin (1021) laid the 
foundations of a new church, which 
was twelve years in building; and 
thus established tbat great monas- 
tery which soon became one of the 
wealthiast and noblest in England. 

The shrine of St. Edmund was the 
chief religious centre of Eastern Eng- 
land. Hence the number of tojaX 
pilgrims, who, fran time to time, 
visited it A Parliament was held 
here by Hen. ItL in 1272, and by 
Edw. I. in 1296. 

The sit« of the monastery is uow 
the property of the Maiquia of 
Bristol. The Jii)ey Gate (fronting the 
Angel Hotel) was the chief euttanoe 
to the monastery. It is very beautiful 
Dec work, and it affords access to the 
Botanie Qarden, a space of ground 
(about four acres) pleasantly laid out- 
Many fragments and foundations of 
the monastio buildings remain in the 
grounds. The great chmch of St. 
Edmund stretebed along the S. side- 
On the 1, of the abbey-gateway were 
the abbot's stablee, brewhouses, tmd 
offices, of which range of buildings the 
~ wall is still perfect. Sight of the 

itaway were the guests' ball, a chapel 
St, Lawrence, and the abbot's mint. 
The embattled wall of the mint re- 
mains. Immediately in front of the 
gateway, and forming the eastern side 
of the great court, was the abbot's 
palaoe, built by Engb the Sacrist, in 
1155. Of this, the only remnant ie 
the orypt of the abbot's dining-hall 
(on the rt of the main walk), gene- 
rally called the "Abbot's Parlour." 
E. of the palace, was the Abbofa 
Cloister ; attached to which was a 
small octagonal building, now called 
the "Bore-house," of which it seems 
to be a very eatly example. At the 
N.E. angle of the piecmcts stands 
the Abbot's Bridge. 

Some mounds ninaing W. of the 
"Abbofs Parlour" mark the site of 
the great oltHster. On the S. side are 
tba walls of a building, which was 
probably the refectory, and which is 
eepeciaUy interesting, from the fact 
that in it sat the parliament tS 1416, 
presided ovet by Hen. VI. la penou. 



BUSY ST. SDMUNDS. 



75 



The Chureh of the abbey has for the 
most part disappeared^ except the 
basei of the piers of the great central 
tower in the present cb.-j^ and 
the private gariion (get kej &vm 
keaper at the Abbey gate) of the Vicar 
of St. James's. The high altar pro- 
bably slood a little to the E. of tlie 
eaatem piers ; and an inoctiption haa 
accordingly been placed af^iost the 
N.W. pier, recording that, "Near this 
spot, on the 20th Nov., a.d. 1215, Oar- 
mnal lAngton and the Barona Bwoie 
at 8t Edmnnd's altar, that they would 
obtain irom King Jotm the latificatton 
of Magna Charia." The inscriptioiia 
on other tablets will also be read with 
interest by the Tiaitor. 

Eotnming through the abbey-gate, 
and proceeding southward, Bt. James's 
Oh. IS paeaed, close to wliich ia the 
erandj^ormon Touier, built about 1090. 
It stands on a line with the W. front of 
the abbey di. The tower afTorda a 
Taloable specimen of rich early Norm. 
work. It was carefully [estored in 
1S48, ondcr the direction of Ur. Oot- 
tingbam, at a cost of 40001. 

St Jamet'e Cft. eitendfl N. of Hub 
gateway, and is a very fine Perp. 
bnilding, dating (the nave) &om about 
1436. A chancel, of late Deo. chaiaoter, 
. was added in 1868 (G. Q. Scott, archi- 
tect, who also designed the roof of 
the nave). Beyond the Norm, tower 
ia St. Mary's CA. (ask for keys at 
one of the hotises opposite), for the 
most port Perp., of the early port of 
the 15th cent The open loof is one 
of the finest in the ootuity, with figures 
representing the Te Deum at the points 
ofthe hammer-beams, and small figures 
of saittte on the battlemeuted Hhoft 

tals, rising between each arch. 

epandreli also are filled in with de- 
uces, all deserving careftil attention. 

The Police Station, in the maiket- 
^ace, known as Moyie't HaU, was a 
Jews' synagc^e, like that at Lincoln, 
which is earlier. This is Trans. 
Norm., of the 12th cent, and has an 
upper storey, resting on a vaulted aub- 



The Oaildhall has a Perp. porch, 
and an E.-E. portal of great beauty. 
All the rest is modran. 



There are some lemoins of SL 
NichoM HotpiUd ontside the East 
gate. In Northgate-road is a portion 
of the gatehouse of 8L Savioui'* 
Hotpitid, On the I. side of North- 
gate-road is the " TMngkoa," a 
mound which gives name to the 
Hmidred, and which was the ancient 
place of assembly for the " Thing." 

The Thinghow Yfas the place of 
execution till 1766. 

The Athenxttm, close to Angel 
Hotel, contains the Museum of the 
" Snifolk Institute of Arobaology and 
Natural History." 

Exournom. — To leltviorth (Marquis 
of Bristol), 3 m. from Bury, is a land- 
mark thronghoDt the neignbourhood. 
It stands on high gronnd, and the 
cupola of the centnJ portion rises 
to a height of 140 feet. The mansion 
is of somewhat fimtastic character. 
It contains some valuable pictures and 
sculptures. Two portraits of Spanish 
princea by Velaioutt are especially 
fine. The park la well-wooded and 
pleasant (1800 acres— 11 m. lomid}. 
In it is an obelisk 95 ft. high, 
erected by the people of Derry in 
honour of their bishop, the fourth 
Eail of Bristol, who died in 1603. 

Chevington Gh. (I m. 8.W. from 
Ickworth) contains TranB.-Noim. por- 
tioDs (N. and S. doors] , and a fine 
obeet IB preserved here. In the vil- 
lage is a large footory of soldiers' 
clothing. 

Lit&s Baxliam Ch. m m. N.E. of 
Ickworth) has a remarkable and very 
pictoreeque round tower. It is Norm, 
(early 12th cent.). The walls and 
doorw^ of nave are also Norm, The 
chancel is of the 15th cent. 

Hengrave SaU, MJ m. N.W. of Bnry 
(Lady Kokewode GogeX is one of the 
most interesting examples of a Tudor 
mansion remaining in England, al- 
though reduced to one-third of ite 
original size. It was begun by Bir 
Thomas Eytaon about 1525, com- 
pleted 1538. The best general point 
of view is at the 8.W. angle, where 
the rich details of the Gatehouse, and 
the many windows and prqjections of 
the long S. &ont group very pio- 
turesquSy. 



76 



BUSY ST. EDMUyD'S— BUTTON. 



Hengrave Ch. vas rebuilt in the 
first jeatt of tha 15th cent. The 
totokI tower at the W. end ii cod- 
ddfliabl; earlier than the ch. itself 
and ia probably Norm. The chief 
cbjeotB of interest are the fine 16tb- 
cenit. tombs. The oh. at Ladcford, 
3 m. W. of HeDgrave, has a flne font 
(temp. Edn. I.), and 2 m. bejond, at 
Iddiagham ch., ib a Roman pavement 
and an eiquiaite ch. cheBt — the latter 
the finest m England. 

Hvthbrooke Hail, 3 m. B.K of Bury, 
is a large, red-briok, moated mansion 
(Elizabethan). It contains a large 
collection of portraits. Hawstead and 
Hardnicke may be visited on return- 
ing ftiom Bnshbrooke. The remains 
of Haailead Place are still to be seen, 
with a aQriouB gateway. It is now a 
&inihoaBe. The Ch. is of flint, with 
■tone dressings. In it are Norm, doors 
and arches, with an E.-G. chancel ; 
abo a Perp. rood-screen and lectern, 
and some interesting monomenta to 
the Dnuy family, &t>m whom Dmry- 
lane in London derived its name. 

Hardieicke Houie, ]| m. S., contains 
Bome interesting pictures and por- 
traits, and a fine library, rich in 
oounty histories. 

Bartim Hali (Sir Charles Bunbury, 
Bart), 3 m. E. frem Bory, contains 
an excellent collection of pictures of 
the English, Flemish, and Italian 
schools. There is also a large collec- 
tion of the drawings of Kc. Banbury 
(nandfather of the present proprietor), 
whose ' Humorona Sketches of Men 
and Manners' (Bnnbury'e carica- 
tures) are celebrated. 

The Ck. of Great Barton is worth 

At IxvxyiHi, 4 m. beyond Barton, 
(he Ch., which belonged to the Abbey 
of Bnry, is almost entirely Perp. 
Mr. Warren has a large collection of 
ooins and antiqnities ibund in the 
neis;l>I>ourhood. 

BoninwU Ck., 2i m. N. of Ixworth, 
is Dec and Perp,, and has been 
restored throughout. The nave roof, 
which is good, is said to have been 
the gift of Bir Wm. Bordewell (d, 
1434). 

Close to the park at Culfbrd (4 m. 



N. of Bury) is the brick mansion of 
We*t Slav, a manor which belonged 
to the AbliotB of Bury until the Dis- 
BOlution, when it was granted to Sir 
John Croftes. Sir John built the 
halt and the gatehouse, the latter the 
mo«t interesting portion of the build- 
log. Most of the quadrangle of the 
house is pulled down, and the re- 
mainder is nsed as a faimhonse and 
buildings, but 
riouB details i 

toleraUy perfect, and are worth atten- 
tion. The oh. cf West Stow, for the 
most part E.-E., has been restared by 
BiUttrfidd. 

BcsHET Pabk, see flbmpton Coart. 

BcsLEY, see Tewlu»bvry. 

BvTLEY Pbiort, bcc AMioToagh 
and Woo^iridga. 

Bdttebbt, see Bi*Itop Am^dand and 
Durham. 

BcTTBRMEBE, Bee Kemmtk. 

BcTTDioTON. see W^dipod. 

BtUBALL, see Stoamarkel. 

Buxton (Derby.}— Stats., clow 
together. Midland Rly. (163 m. from 
St. Panoras), and L. & N. W. Bly. 
IniM.- The Palace H., on a height, 
with garden ; Railway H. ; and Royal 
H., all near the Stats. ; St. Anne's H. 
(best for a halt) ; Crescent H. ; George 
H.; Burlington ; Old HaU (Boarding 
H.); MidUnd ; Lee Wood H. ; and (com- 
mercial) Shakespeare — bos been a 
place of resort for 300 jn., on account 
of the virtuoa of its mineral waters, and 
itB hailtby, though cold, situation, 11 OO 
" above the^ sea, and at the very 



Well o/ 8t. Anae, under the colonnade 
at W. end of the Crescent, furnished 
both hot and cold water from springs 
rising only 12 inches apart The 
Batht are in the Grenxnt, a fine range 
erected by flflh Duke of DeTonshire, 
1780-4. At the htfi\ are the stables, 
partly nsed for a hospital. Tha 
places of interest near uie town ftre 
SI. Ann^t Cliff, immediately in front 
of the CreGcen^ the chief promenade 
for invalids ; the Pari; and Pavilion, 
opposite Old Hall Hotel ; acd, on 8. 
Biae, Uie Dak^i Drivt, a charming 
WEdk or drive of about 1 m., over- 



caermahtbbn—caersabvon. 



looking the vatle; of the Wye. The 
Exev,T*iim> are very pleaaant and 
Dumeroua: (a) 1 m. W. to PoohU 
HdU, at foot of Grinlow Hill, a stalac- 
tite cavern about 300 yda. Iod^. in 
which the Wye riaes. Coutinne 
through Burbaqe, and on the Leek 
rood, to Axe Edge, ^ m., 1750 fl. 
high, whence th^ is a remarkably 
fine view over the moora towards 
Uacclesfleld, and tbeuce, I m., to Cat 
and Fiddle Inn. Fonr rivei^ the 
Dove, Wye, Dane, and Goyt. rise in 
Axe Edge. (6) Ij m. on ths A^- 
bourae road to the earthwork! on 
Staddon ISoor, retnruing by the Ihilie't 
Drine. (c) 2 m. W., to Diamaad Bai, 
1435 ft., on top of which is 8olonion'» 
Temple, commanding a splendid view. 
(d) 5 u. E. to Chee Tor, a fine n>ck 
30O ft. high, aiHTounded by the river, 
passing by FairBeld to Wonabill, and 
returning from Miner's Dale Stat., 
2 m. E. (e) To Wlialey Bridge, S m., 
for the sake of the acenery through 
which the road pasBes. Other Ex- 
ouraiom are, Alton Tmeere, 22 m. 
by rail, vid Leek (eeo Alton) ^ A>h- 
boume (Bee), 20 m. ; Askford (Devon- 
shire Arma), 10 m,, for trout and 
grayling filing ; Bakewell (see), 12 
m. ; Done Dale (seoX 20 m. ; MoO/mA 
(see), 22 m. ; MiUa'i DaU (see), 6 m,, 
and Monaal Dale, 9 m.; also to Biuloui, 
15 m.; CatOelon, 12 m.; Chaimixnih, 
15 m. ; Bdemor, 14 m. ; Eyam, li m. ; 
and Haddon Hall, 14 m. (aee BlaMeld). 
Waggonettes lun daily to Chata- 
wotth, &c. 

Btyleet, see Weybridga. 

Btiand Abbet, see ThtTik. 

Cad, FoKeu of, eee Plymouth. 

Cadbubt (Jabtle, see Sherborne. 

Cadeb Idbis, see Barmouth and 
DtkgeUey. 

OiDQEVTTB, see EdtUm. 

Caboscn, see Conway. 

Caebleon, see Newport (Jlfim,). 

Cfk«nnarthen (Caermar- 
thensh.), Stat. G. W. Rl j., 246 m. from 
London. Inm : 'Ivy Bulh ; Boar'a 
Head. The county town Is Bitoated 
high on rt. bank of the Towy, and 
poeaesses considerable historical intor- 
eat The Panih Ch. (reatored) con- 
Buts, particu- 



larly one to Bir Bhys-ap-Thomu (d. 

1S27), who Donuuanded the Welsh 
under Henry at Bosworth. Opposite 
to this, in a niche in the wall, is the 
efflg^ of a lady praying, with a qmunt 
inscription. Hare, too, Bir Biehord 
Steele, the eeetiyist, was buried. A 
memorial brass on 8. wall, erected 
Aug. IS76, marks the site. To E. of 
the town is the Parade, commanding 
fine view of the vale, and beyond it 
the Pond-aide, a lovely walk, looking 
np the vale of Towy towards Merlin's 
Hill and AbergwiU (see). "Coracles" 
are nsed here by the fishermen. It 



the roilwa; station and turn I. In the 
Ch. U a monument to Sir B. Steek, 
withdngularinscriptioD. 6m.toE.of 
Caermartben ia FerTytide(Stitt.),tnwih 
frequented aa a watering-place, and 
celebrated for its extensive eockle- 
fiabery, which presents an extraordi- 
nary Bight at low water, when the 
Bands are covered with women, boys, 
and donk^B (Jnni.' While Lion; 
Mariners' Hotel ; both clean and 
homely). It overlooks a larxe expanse 
of Band at mouth of the Towy, and 
the headland and ruined castle of 
Llantlephan. Across the river is a 
ferry, and a very pleasant trip may 
be made to the opposite side of the 
eetnary. 3 m. beyond Llanstephan is 
the decayed port and town o? LUut- 
9iarn«(pron. "lAme")on rt bank of 
the Taf, which is crossed by a ferry. 
From here to Tenby it is a beautiAtl 
walk of about 15 m., through Jlfarros 
and Amroth, where many rare kinds of 
shells may be found. On W. of Oaer- 
martben ihe railway runs to.Sm.,8t 
Clean, a little port on the Taf (Jon .- 
Globe, very comfortable and moet 
moderate ; favourite quarters with 
anglers fiijiing in the nelghboiubood 
of Llaughaine, 3} m. on 1.), and G m. 
beyond to WhUUind June., where the 
line branches off to Tenby and Pem- 
broke, S. From Oaermartheif the rail- 
way runs N. to Llandyttil (for Cardi- 
gan), and to Pencader for Meryibnth. 
Clnemarvon (Caernarvon.), 
246 m. from London, L. & N. W. Uly. ; 
9 m. from Bangor ; and 2^ hrs. by fast 



CAEBNABFON. 



tJain &om Chester. A steamer plies 
between the quay aad the AagleBe; 
coast Ima .- Eoyal Hotel, near statioii ; 
Boyal and SportBinBli, close to entrance 
to Castle : Castle. 

The GtuOe, bnilt byEdwd I., occu- 
pies a large area on W. and N.W. of 
the town, and ie an irregular oblong, 
aurroonded by high vatis, -which are 
surmounted at intervale % 18 poly- 
gonal towers. The principal eatrance, 
or King's Gate, feces N., nearly oppo- 
site (^stle-Btroet, and is now ap- 
proached by a flight of steps and a 
bridge ; over it is a gtatue of Edw. 
L; the S.W. tower is fitted up as the 
town museum ; the W. portion con- 
laine the state apartments ; at the ex- 
treme W, is the lofty Eagle Totcer, 
BO ealled from mutilated figures of 
eagles on the hattlementa ; in it is 
shown the room in which Edw. II. is 
Bnpposed,tl]oughwronRly,to have been 
bom. The view from the Eagle Tower 
is very fine. Et. of the gateway is the 
Well Tower; the upper quadrangle 
contains on 1. the Dungeon Tower; 
the CTanary is at the N.E. comer, the 
Bla^ Tower on the S. side, and be- 
tween the two the "Queen's Oate- 

The Toim WalU were about } m. in 
circumference, and eiteoding from 
the Eagle Tower, after running N. 
and E., rejoined the castle near tlie 
Queen's Gate; they once had a moat 
and 12 semicircular towers. The sea- 
ward gate, called ForViryT-aiBr, leads 
to a deligbtfHd Eiplauade, running 
along the whole W. side of the town 
to the harbour and pier. A chapel, 
now used as the town CIl, occupies a 
portion of the walla in the N.W. 
angle. From the eminence of 3W 
(Toot) Em, at the baek of the Boyal 
Hotel, a very fine view of surrounding 
hill-oountry is obtained. 

Eceurriimg.— (1) To the NanftU 
Ldkei, Drwe-y-Coed, Ac ; rail must be 
taken to Pmy^oa (BtaL), 5i m., the 
nearest ^int for the two beautiful 



Tiew of Snowdon olcsiug the pass. 
At 3) m. fiom Fenygroes, near NanSie, 
is entered the very beautiful pass of 



Druvy-toeA. On crossing head of tiie 
pass at Bwlch-y-felin. Snowdon lies 
immediately in front, Llyn Cweltyn is 
seen I., and on rt. the deeolate I/I^n-jf- 
gader. Close to the road is the little 
llyn DyreuTcKen, which has a so-called 
fioating island ; a little f\irther on, 
and i m. from Nantlle, is reached 
Poitt-Shyddu, whence the tourist caa 
proceed by road either 9 m. to Caer- 



(2) To aynnog (tee). Ac. At i m. 
the Seiont is crowed ; a load rt. leads 
to village of lAmfaglan. Many rare 
marine plants grow on the coast, at 
extremi^ of which is BeUm, the minia- 
ture fort and bathing-place of Lord 
Nawborough. 1} ro. b^nd croesinf; 
of the Seiont, the Gwrtai is crossed ; 
andl m. further on isIiEanini(fa;2m. 
beyond which is restored ch. of lAand- 
vmg. 2i m. beyond Llandwrog the 
Llyffiii is crossed, ) m. 1. of which is 
thecimouB old inscribed bridge of Pont-- 



On B 



9 the 



Boman camp of Craig-y-Ddim 
Foel, a British fortress, f m. beyond 
the Lljffni is cromlech of Peoardd, 1., 
IJm.beyoudwhichis the pleasant little 
village of CRytmog — Inn .- Sportsman 
Bach. (The tourist who wishes to 
avoid the straight road from Llanwnda 
to Cljnnog may follow the NantJle 
road from Caemarron, and turn off at 
Penygroes rt by by-road to Fout- 
Uyfiii.) 

(3) To Beddgeferf, 13 m. 

(i> To Snowdon by XJonierfo, 9 m, 
(by rail, ) br.). The most popular of 
all the excursions from Caernarvon. 

(5) To JWenai Bridge, 8 m ; Tuhutar 
Bridge, iB ID, ; Songor, by coach, with 
beautiful views of Anglesea, 9 m. (see 
Bangory. (6) To BeanmaTU, 13 m. 
(7) To Bnoudon, 12 m. (see JJmiben: 
Beddg^mt). (8) By taking ferry to 
Tal^'foei, exoursioas may be made to 
8. part of Anglesea (see Uangefni, 
Beaiaaaris). 

Biaanee$ by rail : Holyhead, 1 j hr. ; 
Bangor, i hr. ; Conway, 1 hr. 20 min. 

There are also coaches to Capel 
Corig, Bedd^elert Fortmadoo, Tan-y- 
bwliji, Neifin, and Edejm. The 
" Faiiy " steamer makes frequent ex- 
cursions in summer along the Henai, 



CALSB-CAISTOCK. 



79 



to Bangor And Be&nmariB, uid aome- 

times to Llasdadiio and Moelfre Bay. 

CAIBFHIU.Y Castle, see Cardif. 

Oazbswb, see Nealinm. 

Cakbwent, see CheptUm. 

CiiBTBB Oastlb, Bee rarmoidi. 

Oalbourne, see Wight, hie of. 

Caldecot Cabtlb, see Chtpttov. 

Cauder Ubiixie, see Kfticick. 

Galdbon Snoet, Bee Barnard CtulU. 

Caluy IsiAND, see Teriby. 

Oallaly Caotlb, see Solhbary. 

Callihotov, see Laiuieettim. 

Cain© (Wilts.). StoLG.W.Bly. 
Bnmah line (6 m.) from Chippenham. 
Innt : Lansdowne Amu ; White Hart. 
The chief "indnstn'" ia pig-killiiiK 
and bacoD-Knuing. The beds of ootoI 
rag hers ore iDtereating to the geo- 
logist. The country aioand is prett;. 
Those who explora it will be oh«nnM 
by the piotnMeqne inegnlarity of the 
oott^es. 

The Chwrdi is a fine large building, 
admirably restored by Slater, 1S64. 

Bmeood, the Marquis <rf Lang- 
downe's seat, ii 2 m. 8.W, (see Chip- 
jMnAom). 

The Lantdoiene CrUamn oniintB a 
lofty promontory of the chalk range, 
3} m, diabmt. It is erected -nithiti 
the area of CMbary Ciulle, an eu- 
tnnohment, to whioli, it is thought, 
the Danes retired after their dOTeat 
by Alired in the battle of Ethanduue. 
Od the adjoining slope is the Cherhill 
While S[)r«,oiiton ine chalky Broimd 
abont the year 1780, by Dr. Alsop, a 
physician resident at Oalne. It is in 
a spirited trotting attitude, 157 ft. 
&OID head to tail, and visible at a 
distance of 30 m. 

JlfaiMl Eeaih'i Cotitmn (see Chip- 
jwnAoDi) is about 2 m. fliom Calne, 
across the fields. 

Brerakm, 2 m. N.W., was the living 
of the poet Bowles (d. ISGO). The 
Ch. will repay a visit. 

Laeock Aliey (see Chippeahtaa) is 
6 m. W. from Calne. 

CfklHtOek (Cornwall). The 
houses ere boilt irregularly on a steep 
hill overlooking and close to the most 
beautifol puts of tbe river Tamar. In 
summer time, steamers ply fluently 
from Devonport, pi 



aUy as far ■■ tbe Wtir-Bmd (22 m. 
frim Plymouth Sonnd). Ysry pleasant 
tripe may be mado in a rowing: boat, 
with the lida, fWnn Baltuh, or plaoea 
below it (see Plymotilh, SamrtioiU). 

JniM : Tamar (E. Dnrber, proprie- 
tor), small, homely, acmpnlously 
oletut, and very inexpensive: iko 
Ashhurtan Hotel, Kelly Bock, is larger 
and more pleasantly situated. In 
tbe village itself, which is dirty and 
badly drained, there is nothing what- 
ever to attract the stranger, but the ear* 
rounding country is very enjoyable. 
The Chvreh stands at tlie top of tiie 
hill at the back of the village, frrai 
which fine views may be obtained. 
In it are the vault of Uie Edgonmbea, 
and monuments to Fierce Edgonmbe 
and the Conntess of Sandwiob, widow 
of that Earl who was killed in the 
furious action with De Buyter, 1672. 
On several of the tombstonea in the 
churchyard are quaint epitaphs. A. 
little below the Ashburton Hotel, and 
- me side of the river, is CotitU, 
the residenoe of the Ceunleis 
Dowagn of Uonnt Edgoombe — ft 
moat interesting old manor-honse, 
begun in tbe reign of Henry TIL, 
and not oompleteid before that oF 
Elizabeth — flill of ancient fomilure 
and fittings. The river seenen- here 
is most beitntiAil, eapeotally the hollow 
at the bend of tne stream, called 
Danuamdie. Notice the chapel on 
tbe top of a neighbouring prelecting 
rock, built by Sir Bichaid Edguumbe 
(temp. Biohard IIL). The walks, rt 
and L, on the opposite side of the river 
are also very enjojable. The foot- 
path through the woods, which skirt 
tbe river, leads to Earewood Hontt 
(the scene of Heson's drama of 'El- 
frida "), now used as offices fbr Doohy 
of Cornwall. From this point meet 
the boat at the ferry opposite JHbr- 
weWiam, whence walk up tbe inotined 
plane of the Tavistock oanal to the 
summit of the Xoraelt Bockt, superb 
crags rising to an immense height. 
A path conducts along the entire 
range, leading ultimately to the pio- 
turesque bridge over the Tamar, oallol 
Neie Bridge, distant 3} m. from To- 



CAMBRIDGE. 



Calwicb Abbzt, see AUon (Staffs.). 

Cahbo, Bee Morpeth. 

Camborn'e, see Itedntth. 

Cttmbrldire (Camba.), SS m. 
from London. There iB one large Bty. 
auu. naed in common bj the G. E„ the 
G. K., the L. ft N. W., Bud the Midi. 
BI7B. The Stat, ie about 1 m. distant 
from the centre of the iawn. Jnnt: 
(none very good) *BuU H., in Tnim- 
pington-Btreet ; Red Lion H., in Petly 
Cury ; lie UniTersity Anna, in Begent- 
Btrect, adjoining Parker's Piece, good 
end quiet ; the Hoop, in Bridge-street. 
N.B.^Daring Nowmarket races the 
inns are thronged — and some of the 
oompan; is not very choioe — better 
not visit Cambridge at such times. 
PoU OMce and Tdertraph Station in 
St. AndreVs-Btreet. The best general 
views of Cambridge nrc from the roof of 
King's College Chapel, or from tiia 
csstle mound (see post) The sttnation 
oftfasitown is not so favourable or so 

ELcturesque as that of Oxford, but in 
otb cases the stately buildings are 
admirably set off by groups and 
avenues of magnificent trees. The 
prinojpal oalleiies are ranged along rt. 
bank of the Cam, and behind each 
extends a sweep of green meadow, 
called the Backs of the Colleges, sur- 
rounded by trees, which form a deep, 
leafy soreea beyond them. There are 
17 collies. The head of each is 
the ''Master," except at King's, the 
head of which is the '• Provost," 
and at Queens', whose head is Ihe 
"President." In all, the Master's 
house is calied tbe " Lod^e." At the 
entraoce of each college is the FoTter'n 
Lodge; and strangers most apply to 
the porter in order to see the Hall and 
Cbapel, Combinatiou room, and Li- 
bMry. A great part of the buildings 
of almost every college is compara- 
tively modem. St John's Chapel, the 
new front of Cains, the hall of Peter- 
honse, new buildings at Pembroke and 
Jesus College, and Master's Lodge at 
St, Catharine's, bear testimony to the 
skill and judgment of their deeignera. 
Cambridge, in fact, including its 
churches, affords a complete series 
of studies for the historian of archi- 
tecture. From the slatioa the stranger 



is recommended to drive to Tromp- 
ingt^n-street. and passing on L Kint^s 
College and the Senate Honse, to m- 

rct the chief objects of interest in 
following order, commencing in 
Trioitj-fltteet witb 

Triniti/ ColUgs (founded by Hen. 
Till., 1546), which consists of 4 courts 
or qoadranglea : the Oreat, or Blahop's, 
Court, Nevus's Court, the New 
Court, and Master's Court. It is en- 
tered from Trinity-street by the Grand 
Entraace Toicer. Called the King's 
Oateviay, which opens to the Great 
Court, the largest quadrangle in the 
University. On the N. side (rt. on 
entering) are the chapel and King 
Edward's Tower. On the W, side 
are the Master's Lodge, Hall, and 
Combination rooms. The 2 other 
sides ore occupied 1^ seta of rooms; 
and in the centre of the 6. aide is b, 
tower, called the Queen's Tower, from 
a statue of Mary Tudor on its ti-ont. 
The quaint ondnit in the centre 
of the court was erected by lliMnaa 
Nevilo, Master from 1593 to 1615. 
The Cbapd is a long, plain Benaia- 
sance building. The (interior is 
wainscoted, as high as the windows, 
with carved oak, «ie carving being by 
Grinliag QibborU. The music is very 
select, iuid the organ one of the finest 
m England. The autc-chapel is full 
of statues and busts of former mem- 
bers of t^e college — Lord Bacon, Isaac 
Barrow, Lord Maraulay, and others — 
the most attractive of all being the 
beautiful statue of Newton, wilfi the 
prism in his hand, by BouMiac. The 
Hall, lUU ft. long, is by far the fluent 
in Cambridge. The portraits should 
be noticed. Adjoining, and beyond 
the "screens" (as the passage between 
the hall and the bntteries is called), 
is the Kitchen, a lofty and ancient 
apaitment, north lookuig into, espe- 
cially in term time. The Matter's 
Lodge occupies the rest of W. side and 
contains many line spartmeuts, in- 
cluding a set of state rooms used on 
occsisions of royal visits. The judges, 
when on circuit, are alwajB lodged 
here ; and there is a set of looma 
epeoially eesigued to them. Through 






of the h^l, 



NeviWa Court ia entered, bo nttmed 
from its founder. Dr. Nevile, MiiBf er of 
the oalloge (d. 161S). Tbe Library in 
acaesBible to stnmgerB daily, between 
1 ftnd 3. Tbe interior is very striking. 
Soata of Cambiii^ worthies are 

Cwd on each boc£ctise, and marble 
ta by Bonbiliso, Chantrey, Woal- 
ner, &e., on pedestals in front Tbe 
fionta of tbe book-cases axe enriched 
with carving, in lime-wood, by Gril- 
ling Oihbont. Many interesting hia- 
tone relica, inoladiog Newton'a tele- 
scope, some of bia MSS., &o., are 
dopoaited bere. At S. end ia Thor- 
aoMien'a statoe of Byron, which wet 
refused admisaion into Westminster 

The New, or Kin^t Court, entered 
from the arcade, or cloister, on the S. 
aide, was built (1823) by WiUcins, at 
a oost of 40,000/. On tbe W. aide of 
the New Court a gate optms to the 
CaOege WaHct. These are very atrik- 
ing ; and, indeed, the view imme- 
diately in Ihiiit of tbia gateway, look- 
ing down the long aveoue of Itme- 
treea. ia probably the finest in or 



iSiL John'i Coliege, adjoluiDg Trinily 
OD the N., conaiatBof 1 diiitiiict courts, 
3 OD the rt. bank of tbe Cam. and ' 
on the 1. (boUt 1827-1831). It wi 
opened 1S16, after the death of the 
fonndress, Margaret Countess of Bioh- 
mond, mother of Hen. VII. It was 
previously the Hoapital of St. John, 
loaoded 1210, and may therefore be 
regarded as tbe oldest college. The 
entrance gateaay into the first court 
is a cood and picturesque example. 
The Chapel (early Deo.), begun ifes, 
was consecrated 1869 (Scolt, archi- 
tect). The tower is open to the height 
ofSlfLfromthepuvement Thiaspacc, 
together with the great length (172 ft.) 
and height (63 ft.) of the chapel, the 
richly-coloured roof and windows, and 
the intricate beauty of tbe details, 

?roduce an impression of grandeur. 
'eterbead granite, Devonshire, Irish, 
and aerpentine marbles, and black 
and red DerWabiie marble, have been 
Qsed. The £. end fbrma a dve-aided 
apse. A screen of carved oak divides 
tliO ante-chapel from the ch^)el itself. 



BIDGE. 81 

The altar is of oak, with oatrcd 
panels, and has for i(a ton a single 
alab of Belgian marUe. The ceiluig 
of the chapel is vaulted in oak. and 
is of 19 Days, containing painted 
flgnrea of great personages, each bay 
repreaenting thoee of a single centnir. 
The (tatnea-^IoM aindotet are mainly 
by Clayton and BA The Strang 
should attend the Snnday evenine 
service. The chapel ia then filled 
from end to end with members of the 
college, wearing snrplices. The publio 
are admitted to the ante-chapel ; but 
the introduotiou of a Fellow is required 
for admission to the obapel itself. The 
EaU, between the fltat and second 
courts, baa beeu enlarged and deco- 
rated under the directiim of Sir Q, 
O. Scott. The whole of the N. end 
ia new, together with its oriel. A 
panelled ante-room and a fine oeJc 
staircase lead to the GalUrs, now 
used aa the Combination-room. The 
LibraTy, which may be reached through 
the gaUery. eitenos along liie N. aide 
of the third court (built 1624). The 
room renmina unaltered, and is very 
picturesqne, with Its timbered roofs, its 
whitened walls, and its cases of carved 
oak, black with age. The Seeond 
Gmrt (picturesque) has searooly been 
changed since its constmotion (15SS- 
1602). The Third CmH was flniahed 
in 1624. The cloiater on ite W. side 
and the front to the river are worth 
notice. An additional Court, across the 
river, was begun in 1827, and com- 

flet«d in 1831 {BidemaTi, architect), 
t is approached by a covered Gothic 
bridge over the Cam. It has a 
cloister, with a lofty entrance gateway 
on tbe B. aide, and on the N. a lantern 
tower rises above the roof. A foot- 
bridge now connects the walks of 
Trinity and St. John's. 

GonviUe and Caiut College ia aa 
called from its 2 founders, but ia beat 
known aa Cuius CoUegt (pron. Keys). 
The old buildings well deserve notice, 
but the college haa been greatly altered 
and enlai^ed of late years. The 
principal entrance ia beneath a lofty 
tower, part .of the New Court, tkmting 
the Senate House. The architect of 
the New Court is Mr. Waterhoase. It 



CAMBSIDGE. 



was begun in 1867, and is one of the 

most conspicuous and onuunental 
buildings of tbe Universitj. The 
fow of projecting heads represents the 
priociiMJ worthies of the College, each 
with his name inscribed below. A pas- 
sage on W. side leads into the smaller 
court of the Old College, hnown as 
Caiiu Court (1564^1573). The " Gate 
of Raiu/uT " &onts the Schools. It was 
erected in 1571. and is one of the 
most pleasing Bpecimens of the early 
Benaissance m England The " Qate 
of Ftrfu« and Witdara " opens to the 
New Court. It is sunnonnted ^ a. 
peculiar turret rising beside it. The 
third gate, "The Gate o/ EvmaUy," 
has been removed irom the Onter 
Conrt and a new gate erected. The 
Inner Court, iiiced with stone in the 
last centuif, is known as Oonville 
Court. Between tbe 2 courts is the 
Chapd. The HaU, reached irom the 
Inner Conrt, was built by Stdvin in 
1854. 

i with Caius College, but 
" 'fa lane, are the 

. . . the UniveiHity 

Library. 

Tbe Senate Eoaie (answering to the 
Sheldonian Theatre at Oxfoni) was 
hegun in 1722, and opened 1730. The 
arehitect vas James Gibbs. The in- 
terior is fine, with an enriched ceiling, 
and contains statues by Bjsbrach and 
others ; the most noticeable is Nolle- 
kens' slatue of Wm. Pitt the younger. 
AH degrees are conferred here. The 
entrance to the SchooU and to the 
Xhiiveniiy Library is through tbe 
arcade which runs N. and 6. et right 
angles to the Senate House. The 
iSchooIi fonu a small quadrangle, the 
upper storey of whieh is appropriated 
to the Library. The Divinity Lecture 
Rooms are on the S. side, immediately 
at the back of tiie arcade; the Arts 
School (used by Profassora for lec- 
tures) is W.; Mid tbe Law Behool 
(also used by Ptofeesors) is on the 
8. side. 

Tbe Unieertify Library is open 
daily fimn 10 to 4. Struigers must 
be accompanied by a member of the 
University. It is entered by a stair- 
caEO at the S.W. comer of the arcade. 



ground-floor of the N. aide. The New 
Library, erected by CockereU, B.A. 
(1837-1842), is a very noble room, 
167 ft. long, 3G ft. high, and 45 ft. 
wide. The Libra^ is entitled (like 
tbe Bodleian and the British Museum) 
lo a copy of oven' new book pub- 
lished in the kingdom. At the West 
end some MBS. are exhibited under 
glass, including a very fine MS. of 
Wicklitfe's Bible on vellum. There 
are also the first Caxton, and— the 
greatest treasnre of ail— .Uie 'Codex 
Bezte,' a MS. of the Gospels and Acts 
of the Apostles, in Ore& and ItfLtin, 
given by Theod. Bcza in 1581. Any 
book can be taken out of the Library 
by members of the University, and 
may ba kept for a quarter of a year. 

At the back of Cains College is 
TVtnitif Hall, which contuns litUe of 
interest to the stranger except a/o«n- 
der's cup, which is, no doubt, the oldest 
piece of plate remaining ia the Univer- 
sity. It alone retains the name of 
HaU, to diatingoish jt tiom Trinibj 
CoUege. Tbe buildings have all been 
modernised or rebuilt — the front from 
a design by Salvin— after 1852. Tbe 
Chapd was refitted in 1729. 

In a Jino with, and S. of TriniW 
HaU is CtaTB College. The exterior la 
tbe chief Bight for the visitor, The 
present buildings were begun about 
1638,butnotfinlBhcduntill715. The 
single court of which t^e college eou- 
sis^ is perhaps tbe most pleasing in 
the Uoiversl^ — -exhibiting the archi- 
tecture of the ITlh cent with purity 
and grace. The gateway tewaids the 
street, with its quaint, lantern-like 
windows, and tbe fiue river front, 
should be especially noticed. Tbe 
Library contains one of the laio folio 
Bibles of Sixtus V. Tbe Foiion Cup 
of Clare is kept in the Master's lodge, 
and is corions and beautiful. Beyond 
the court, a bridge ' crosses tbe tiv&:, 
and opens to a very beautifU avenue 
of elm-bees. 

Nearly opposite the front of Clone 
is tbe unfinished gatmixiy of the old 
court of King'* Collage, which it is 
te be hoped may be evprtnally 



notked into a fittinti; entMDOS for 
tbe pieseat comt. This coiut, in the 
{ower port of the CockereU bmld- 
ing, now contoiiiB the Woodvjardian, 
or 6felogi«(U Mtuemn, open doily from 
10 to 4. Origiiutiiig &om the tteqaest 
irf Dr. Woodwaid, who died in 1728, 
imd comprimng many fine and distiiict 
oolleciions, it is now one of the moBt 
iuterMting and inatrnoliTe in England. 
Tbe Tieitor will do well to give his 
cliief attention to the fine examples 
from the Oambridgeeliiie fens and 
gravel beds. 

Betrnning into Trompington-otreet, 
Great 81. Man^» Ch. U conapicnoiu 
on the oppodite side of the street. This 
is the UiuverBity Ch., which has a fine 
peal of bells and chinuA. The passage 
beside it leads into the Market-flaee, 
where butter is sold bjr the yard. The 
prat of Tnunpington -street fronting 
King's College is known as King'i 

Kintfa (kiSege is entered from King's 
Koade through a modern buttressed 
screen, pierced with openings filled 
with tnuerf. Tbe college was founded 
by the "royal saint," Hen, VI., in 
I14l>-1443, and in immediate connec- 
tion with the college fbnnded in the 
same period by him at Eton, ^m •rhich 
place tbe eohoJars, when sofBciently 
advanced, were to be transferred. The 
great CAajMi (choral service, open to 
all, is at 4 p ji. ; on Siwdajs at 3.30) 
indicates the scale on which it was in- 
tended that all the bnildlnga sboold be 
completed. It is the moat celebrated 
of sJl the buildings in the University, 
and is unquestionably the finest It 
occupies the whole of the N. side of tbe 
conrt, and is most imposing in its great 
height (90 ft. to top of battlements}, its 
length (316 ft.), divided by btoad but- 
tresses into 12 bays. The doorvay 
by which the chapel is entered at the 
W. end of the S. side has been called 
the meet pleasing part of the (eiterior) 
design. Between the very wide but- 
tresses which support the stone roof 
are 9 chantries. The great effect 
of the inferior is produced by its 
height (78 aX the solemn beauty 
and splendour of the old stuined glass 
which fills (Jt the windows eseept the 



W., and, above all, by the magnificent 
fan-tracei7 <£ the stone vaulting. The 
breadth of the chapel u 45} tL The 
organ-screen dividing the aute-ohapel 
from the ohoir is placed nearl; in 
the centre of the bnUding. The 
whole of tbe internal inlls ate 



roses, portonlliseB, and fleiu»4e-lyi — 

are introduced in every direction. Tbe 
organ-soreen, of wood, is of the time of 



The stalls Sfe only in put as old as 
Hen. VUI. ; the gteatix portion is of 
much later dale, and is not especially 
good. The loass lectern deserves do- 
Bce. The 25 magnificent mindoai ore 
justly celebrated, and especially inter- 
esting.as they were made fbr the place 
they occupy. Each window contains 
A. ™.,t,.~.n 3 above and 2 below the 
.. . The lower series (as a 
whole) is a continuous chain of Gospel 



&om the New Testament represented 
below. The general arrangement ty 
type and anti^pe is of great anti- 
quity. A staircase in tbe N.E. tunet 
leads to the roof, whence sjt eicellsnt 
of the town is obtained, and of 
onntry for a great distance roond 
Cambridge. The IMirarg oontains 
about 12,000 vols. The lawn, W. of 
the chapel and court, is bordered on 
— - ide \yj the btuldingi of Clue Col- 
is very suony and pleasant, and 
slopes down to the river. 

Opposite King's, on the E. side of 
Eing's-parade, Is St. EdwariPi Ck. 
BeyondT Kin^s, on Hm E. side of 
Trumpin^ton-street, is Corpat ChrM 
College, ute buildings of wbich are 
almoat entirely mooern. One small 
coort only of the old bnOdiogs re- 
mains ; it is covered with ivy, and is 
rather plctntesqne witli its steep roofii. 
The EaU, on the N. side of the prin- 
cipal court, is said to have beenjMrtly 
designed after the great bull of Kenil- 
worUi. The Ltbrary is a good and 
lofty room. Tbe great treasure of the 
collection, and one of the great tres' 
sures of Cambridge, is the HS. library, 
Q 2 



84 CAMS 

resoned by Abp, Parker fwm the 
Btores of the suppreBsed monaeteries. 
It oouBista of 400 toIb., bU interegting 
and onrioua, and stringont niles are 
in force for their preservation and safe 
keeping. At N. end of the cx>llega ia 
Si. Bmtdicft Oh. 

A^joimng Onpna 8. ia St. Bo- 
lelf/i'i Gh. Oppcsite Corptu Ib SI. 
Catharm^t CdOigt. It ia to be recog- 
nised by the iron railing and grove 
(m it is called) which divides it from 
Tmmpmgton - atreet The present 
boilduigs were commenced 1680,- 
the B. end of the S. aide waa not 
flniehed until 1755. The court ia 
^ain, but l&i &om tiad iu design. 
The S(Jl haa been Gothiciaed, and 
has hnrdly been improved by the 
operation. The Cha;pd ia very plain, 
bnt otrntaona srane good earring. 

Qa«muf CoOega, at the beck of Bt 
Oatharme'a, is reached either by pass- 
ing through the oourt of that oollege, 
or by turning down Silver- street, op- 
posite St. Botolph'a Ch. Althongh 
not one of the most nnoient founda- 
tions in the University, it is perhaps 
the moat picturesque of all the col- 
leges, and retains its antique character 
more completely than any other. The 
Kwad OMUt, and the view In the 
garden court, are Ten pietnieique. 
The wrfroBcB Uneer of briii, witJi tur- 
rets at the angles, is part of the 
original building (oompleted about 
1499). In the jira ooort are the b^ 
and ohapel. The old roof of the EaU 
has been restored, and the windows 
filled with stained glass. The inner 
court, surrounded by a narrow, low 
cloister, is very qnarnt and tmasnal, 
and recalls the cloister court of some 
old German monastery. The Presi- 
dent's Lodge ia on the N. The long, 
low gallery, with window recesses, 
its old fumitura and pictures, is ex- 
ceedingly striking, which of oonrae ia 
only to be seen by special permission. 
S. of the Cloister Court is that 
called &annua' Court ; the site of the 
rooms occupied by that great scholar is 
pointed out. Across the river, which 
is crossed by a wooden bridge, rebuilt 
in 1746, ia a terraoo at the water side 
overhnng by fine elms, and known as 



Enumi^ WaUt, or more oommonly as 
"Th« Grove" It should be visited for 
the view of the college and river ob- 
tained (rom it. 

Returning to Trumpingtou-street, 
on the rt. (the W. side) is the 
Pitt Press— the TJniverrity Printing 
Press— buUt (1831-1833, and named 
after William Pitt the younger, who 
was M.P. for the Univereity] &0D1 
the residue of a subscription fund, 
which had first paid for Westmaootf s 
statue in Westminster Abbey, and the 
bronze statue iu Hanover-aqnare. The 
architect was Eduxtrd Blore. Witb 
its lofty tower facing the street, it is 
one of the most coospicuona ol^eetg in 
Cambridge. 

Pembroke College (I. of the street 
after passing the Pitt Press) contains 
little to interest the visitor except ita 
Chapel. It was enlarged in 1876. 
The Chapd was designed by Sir 
GhrUUipher Wren, and was one of his 
earliest worka. The preaent Library, 
at the N.W. comer of the first court, 
was the old obapel. 

Little St. Mary's Ch. is close to 
the entrance of 8t. Peter's OoBege, 
better known aa Feterhouse. Al- 
though the oldest college in Cam- 
bridge, it displays in its buildings 
few marka of antiquity. The Chapd 
and the new HaU are ita most interest- 
ing portions. The former has some 
ancient and beautiful windows. 

Beyond BL Peter's, on the samo 
side of the street, is the FilaeiUiajn 
JUuseum, It is open to all persons, 
from 10 to 4, Tuesdays, Thursdays, 
and Saturdays ; on other days it ia 
necessary to be introduced by a gradn- 
ate. The Library ia open only ti> 
graduates of the University, who may 
introduce their friends. It is perhaps 
the finest classical building of tbo 
present century in this counUy. The 
architect waa George Bssevi. The 
lofty Grecian portico ia very impos- 
ing. This Museum was erected in 
accordance witii the will of Richard 
Fitzwilliam, Visoount Fitzwilliam, 
who died in 181G, and left his pie* 
turoa. library, and works of art to 
the University, together with a sum 
of 100,0001. Other works of art havo 



been piuobaaed and beqneathed, and 
tlie HoBeam coutBiiu piotnras, statnee, 
books, and enia:raTtDgB of great inlereet 
and value. Tha entrance hall and 
alairs are exceedingly splendid — en- 
riched with marblea, granite, Ac. 
(arcliitect,E. M. Ban?). On tlie fewer 
storey are the Boolptare Gnller;, the 
Librarj (only aooassible throngb a 
memb^ of the UaiTersity), end the 
coUectioQS of the Cambridge Anti- 

Sarion Society. On the vpper are 
e pictures. These include works by 
Titian, Paul Verouese, Canacci, and 
Pouasin. ixaai the Orleans Gallery. 
There are aUo 2S drawings by Turner, 

S'len tothoUmTereitybyMr. Euskin, 
je antiquary will be mnoh inter- 
ested in a remarkable and admirably 
displayed collection of Greek coins. 
1 AddetH/roo^^x Haipital (on the 1. 
^ler passing the Fitzwilliam Moseum) 
was founiled under the will of John 
Addenbrooke, fellow of Catherine Col- 
lege, in the chapel of wbich he is 
buried (1719). 

A short distance further I,, at the 
end of a waterconrse formed by the 
town and TniTersity in 1610, is Hob- 
nm'i Conduit, a piotnresque hexagonal 
structure, with niched recesses and 
an ornamental capping. The Thomas 
Hobson who helped to erect this oon- 
dnlt in 1614, and bequtatbed land for 
its perpetual maint^ance, waa a car- 
rier between Cambridge and London, 
and a great benefactor to the Uni- 
Tersity and- town. The oondnit stood 
upon the matket hill from 1611 to 
185S, when it was erected on its pre- 
sent dte hy public sabsoription (Hob- 
son was the Hobson of "Hobson's 
choice," and the subject of two epi- 
taphs by Hilton, who waa of Christ's 
College close by his establishment). 
On ],, akiiting the brook, is the 
" Senior Wranglers' Walk," which 
passes the principal entrance of the 
Batanio Garden, a space of 21 acres, 
well and pleasantly laid out and 
planted. It is open daily, with Little 
restriction, but the Greenhouses can 
on^ be entered between 1 and 1. 

Betnmlng to Downing-terrace by 
the north entraooe of the garden, and 
tannng down Qie Tennis Court-road, 



Dotmung CcSega is reached it. This 
is the yoongeot of the ooU^^es. begun 
May. ISOT (aKhitect Wm. Wilkins). 
Walking down this avenoe, in Itoai 
of the college, the riaitor will enter 
Downing-Btieet, oppoaite tbo Nete 
Mtuemu, which oontMos some flue and 
intereating oolkctienB in uatimd 
history. On the gronud-flooc is tbs 
Muteum of Com^forative Jimiony, 
arranged by the late Dr. Clskdc, Pro- 
fessor of Anatomy from 1814. The 
Cambridge Fhilosophioal Society hold 
their meetings here. 

Taroing E. through Downing-atieet^ 
St. AndreVs-street is entered imme- 
diately opposita Emmanuel CoUege, 
founded on the site of a Dominican 
convent, portions of the ancient build- 
ings of which were (it is asserted) 
worked into those of the new ooltege. 
The chief point of interest is &e 
Library. The Chapd was designed 
Sir C%rMopA«r Fren, and coa- 
sted in 16T7. The HaU has a 
good ceiling. 

A short distance S. of Emmanuel, 
opening &om Begent-stieet— a ooo' 
tiDuation of St. Andrews-street — is 
Parket'i Piece, a wide, open green, 
where cricket-matches and various 
athletic sporta are held ; but the chief 
"athletic quarter is the University 
(jricket gronnd, commonly called Feu- 
net's, on the farther aide of Parker's 
Piece. There are also excellent fiicUi- 
ties for bathing in the upper pert of 
the Cam, near Granlchealer (poaf). 

On the 8, aide of Parker's Piece is 
the Borough Gaol. 

Betuming, and passing Emma- 
nuel College, Chritffi CeUege is reached 
at the junction of St. AntbeVs-street 
with the Petty Cury, Mobson's-lane, 
and Sidney-street This ootl^^ is 
chiefly interesting from its associations 
with the author of 'Paradise Lost.' 
Atillon's rooms are still pointed out, 
and an ancient mulberrv-tree, said 
to have been planted by !um, is still 
carefully preserved in the garden. 
The collie also possesaes an original 
model in clay of the head of Milton. 
The eastern side of Tree-emirt, built 
about 1642, desorvea notice. The 
deaign is aftribnled to Injgo Jones, 



CAMBBIDOE. 



GhrUitt Fieee ia an open green at 8. 
side of the colle^ A mtli leads 
dfredlf aonma it, oroBdng JeenB-laoe, 
to Hidmmmsr Oommou and the boat- 
bouaes. 

Sidney Siutex CkHege is on tl 
Bide of Sidney-fltreet. Tba ptesest 
Chapel was bnilt iu 1776. Oliver 
OomusB nas admitted a Fellow 
Oonunonei ot this colleKs in. 1616. In 
tiie dining-room of the Master's Lodge 
hBngi the &mouB orayon-diawing of 
Cromwell by Samoel Cooper. 

JesuB-Iaue. between Bidney Snasei 
College and Bridge-street, leads to 
Jatiu Cbileae. It ia remotely placed on 
the it. bank of the Cam, which makes 
a direct bend to the 8.E. after pasriug 
St John's. The principal attraction 
is the Chapd (to be seen between 12 
and 4), the most interesting Qothio 
bnilding in Cambridge. The site of 
Jeeos was (hat of a Benedictine 
nnnnery, foanded abont 1133. The 
college is entered by a lofly ~"'" 
tower of brink, bnilt soon aftei 
fonndation in 1497, and very good. 
The doorway between the 2 courts 
ahonld be noticed. The Sail, on tbe 
E. side of the cloister, oocapies the site 
of the old refectory ; it has a good 
Too^ apringmg tram eioeUent co^s, 
and a xery el^ant orieL 

The Combinaiiim Boom is rich In 
portraits. 

A path aorosa Jesna-Iuie and Mid- 
gommer Common leads to the boai- 
homet. Boating is tbe principal re- 
creation of the collegians. Eacb 
ooUege has its boat-club, with a dis- 
tinctive drees. The men get into their 
boats at the boat-honees about half- 
past 2 r.u. dnriag the winter terms, 
and from 5 to 9 p.h. in summer-time, 
uid paddle down to the laoing- 
gnmna, which commences, or rather 
ends, at Ckaimion. The other end of 
the oonrse is at BaitMU Slm<:e, 
When the boats are praotising in 
term-time, the speotaole u very lively. 
Even to those persons who are not 
interested in boating, the "Long 
BcAch" at such times is worth a visll 
The principal races are in the May 
Term, in tbe evening, and axe wit- 
nessed b^ a large conconrse of spec- 



tators. They famish scenes of great 
excitement. At the end of tbe seesos 
the boats go in proceaaioa through 
tte colleges to that pait of the rivei 
which is at the bottom of King's Col- 
lege lawn. This is a speoUclo which 
ia always attended by as many people 
as can get within sight of it 

Betnming by Jeans-lane, and enter- 
ing Bridge-street, St. Sepulchre's and 
8t, element's Churches are passed rt. 
Adjoining St. Sepulchre's are the 
boildings of the Cambridge Union 
Society, a society resembling the 
" Union " at Oifbrd. The architect 
was Waterhonse. The Com ia then 
crossed by the so-called " Qreat Bridge'' 
at the end of Bridge-street. Across 
the bridge is Magdalene College, the 
whole of which is situated on the 1. 
bank of the Cam. 

The interest here is almost entirely 
confined to tbe Pepyiian LibraTy, left 
to the college by Samuel Pepys, author 
of the' Diary,' who was ednoated here. 
Some nations of the older oolIeKe re- 
main, but the only building of interest 
is the Pepysian Library, built about 
1G8S. Books can be seen or ccmsnlted 
by special permission only. Among 
its treasntes it contains many early- 
printed books by Caxton, Wynkyn de 
Worde, and ^nsott, and also Mr. 
Fepys* famous ' Diary,' from Jan. 1, 
1659-60, to May 81, 1669,' in 6 vols., 
written tbroughonl in <wpber. The 
Chapel, on the N. side of the first court, 
was restored in 1947. The Hall has 
a very picturesque double staircase at 
the lower end, leading to tbe Combina- 
tion Hoom. 

Beyond Magdalene, paa^g the 
churdies of St. Giles' (rt.) and St. 
Peter's (1.), the Ca»ile ffOi is seen rt. 
The County Comie (adjoining the 
coed) were built in 1812. Passing 
through the gate on their lower aide, a 
path will be seen leading to the Oastle 
mound. The Norm. Celtic was built 
here by tbe Conqueror on his retom 
Itom Tork in 1068. Portions of the 
ruins were used for the bnilding of 
King's Hall and Chapel and Trinity 
Ohapel. The Oatehouse was only 
removed in 1842, when the County 
Courts were built, The view &oni 



the Csetle mound is irell wortti 

The gimmds of the diiferent ool- 
k^B extending >loiig the river are 
not connected, bat the Tiulor, if be has 
time, should walk along thooontinnoiu 
road into which the; all open. The 
trees boidering it ate fine, and the 
views Bometimei striking. 

Csjnhridge is rioh in ekurehe», three 
of whioh are espeoially interesting, 

Oreat 8t. Xarift (in Tnunpington- 
street) is the chvroh of the UtUTenitf . 
It is entirely late Perp. (1178-1519). 
There is a good oak roof, a fine aild 
lofl; clerestory, and the monldings of 
the arches deoerve notice. Stalls nave 
been pUoed in the chancel, and open 
seats in the nave and aisles. The 
chancel ms restored in 16S7. The 
Univerdt; sermons are preached here 
on Snnday afternoons taii on Saints' 
Days. 

St. Benedieei (turning E. out of 
Trmnpiugion-street nearly opposite 
the Bnll Hotel). The tower, which 
has long and short work at its angles, 
and remarkable nindows, divided by 
btdnsteis in its upper storey, is very 
probably pre-Norm. The most strik- 
ing feature, however, of this church is 
the interior tower-aroh, opening to the 
nave. It waa in 1869 ciearod from 
palleries and other enctimbrancet^ and 
IB certainly one of the most noticeable 
Komanesqoe arches in the country. 

The Church 0/ the Eolv Sepiddire 
(in Bridge-street^ opposite vxe opening 
of St. Jahn's-street) is one of the 4 
English round churches. The cironlar 
portion of the church is Norm., the 
new chancel of Perp. character. The 
whole has been reetoted. 

At the village of SamvieU (really 
the parish of St. Andrew the Less), 
extending B. of Jesus College, along 
the rl bank of the Cam, is St. Andrew's 
Oh., onoe attitched to Barnwell Priory. 
Of the Priory there are very scanty 
remains, 

A short distance beyond Barnwell 
Priory (between it and the railway 
station) is Btourbridg* Chapd (long 
disnsed), well worth a visiL It was 
the chapel of a hospital for lepers, 



fbouded some time before 1199; and 
is Norm., with some later additions. 
It condsia of a small nave and chan- 
cel. The chancel windows, with rioh 
jamb-shalts and zigatg mouldings, the 
string-coursee, exterior and interira, 
with saw-tooth tmumenta ; the chan- 
cel arch, rich Norm, with much orna- 
ment ; and the N. and B. portals, all 
deserve attention. Near ttus ch^Ml 
is still htAdStourimdg« Fair, sappoaed 
to have originated in the grant of a 
fair to the Hospital by Sing John, 
and probably the original of Bunyan's 
Vanity Fair. It was, during the 
mediieval period, one of the largest 
and most important fairs in the king- 
dom. It begins Sept 18, and con- 
tinoee till Oct. 10. The modem bosi- 
neas is enuill, except on Sept. 2S, 
known as " Horse Fair day." 

Cavendith CdOege, on tlie Hills-road, 
near the Bly. Stat, fonnded 1876, af- 
fords Bpeolol advantage for yonng men 
desiring to obtain a Vntversity train- 
ing and degree at an economy both of 
coat end time. 

Last, though not least, should be 
noticed the novel introduction into 
the town of lady students. Two ladies* 
colleges are now in operatian — OiTion 
College, 1\ m. on the Huntingdon road, 
and SeiBnham Hall, at Hewvham, e, 
western suburb. 

WoUit may be taken to Tntamiag- 
ion, 2 m., a large, scattered village, 
pleasantly tree-shaded. Hie ChurA 
Das been well and carehilly restored, 
and is well worth a visit. It ctmtains 
a brass mouument of Sir Soger de 
Trompington, tlie Cmsader. I'rniup- 
ingtun Hall, adjoining the ch., is the 
residence of H. W, Pemberton, Esq. 
From Trumpinglon the return to Cam- 



bridge, and at Qtantchcster n 
merly occupied by the "Miller of 
Trompington," in Chaucer's 'Oanler- 
bnry Tales.' The site of the old mlU 
is now need for waste-water gates, 
which admit the river into a large 
pool, genenjly known as " Byron's 
pool," because the poet, when on un- 
dergraduate of Trinity ()ollege, is said 
to have tl^qnentiy bathed Wiere. 



From tiie ch. of Grautcheater is a 
very pleasant walk to Cambridge, 
much used hj DoUegiana, tliroagh tbe 
meadowB. 

2 m. from Trumpiugton, on tbe 
road to Loudon through. Esaex, are 
the vei7 pleagant villa^ea of Oreal 
and LOtU Shdford. In the former 
ia the apritig, or Uie 9 welU, IVom 
vhesoe Hobson's water comes to Gam- 
bridge. The Dbeliiik recording the 
work of Hobeon coaj be Been from the 
railway. Great Shelford baa a fioa 
parish ob., and in Little Shelford Cb. 
u a monument to De Freyille, a 
onuBding knight. About T m. from 
Oambridge in this direction is Same- 
bm Hat, an ancient (15a7-lS81) 
reddence helonging to Mr. Huddle- 
atone, the representative of an old 
Boiuaa Catholio family. When Lady 
Jane Grey was made a claimant 
for tbe throne, Queen Marj was shel- 
tered here, and was coDveyed thenca 
OD boraebfwk behind a servant of tha 
&mUy to Framlingham. In the Hall 
is a picture of Father Huddlestone 
holding np the crucifix to the dying 
monarch Ohaa. II. (irfcfe Macaulay'a 
'Hist. ofEng.'). 

The St. Neof B rood, on tbe 1. bank 
of the Gam, leads to a lane which 
about Si m. from Oombrit^e turns rt. 
to MadingUy. Madinghy Halt, origi- 
nally built by Justice Hindo in die 
reign of Hen. VUI., is a pictoreeque 
bnilding, and oontiunB some fine ai- 
morial glass. The Chureh stands 
within ^ Park, and is chiefly Perp, 
Further on is ChilderUy, where still 
renutiDB tbe mansion (property of Lord 
Bt. Leouards) to which Gharlea I. was 
taken by Comet Joyce. 

Cheeterioa is on the 1. bank of the 
Oam, rather more than 1 ta. N. of 
Cambridge. Tbe Ch. ia Dec The 
chancel is Perp. with rich sedilia. At 
Kiag't Medgei, in this parish, is a la^;a 
oblong oamp. 

From Chesterton the Ely road may 
be gained, and the walk may be con- 
tinned to Milton (3} m. from Cam- 
bridge). The Ch. has a Norm, chan- 
cel arch, an early Dae oafe, and Deo. 
chancel. 

Across the Cam, opposite Milton, ie 



Horningtea. The Ch. has some late 
Norm. work. The chancel is E. E. 
Tbe N. arcade of the nave, tbe upper 
alage of the tower, and the aisles and 
porch, aro late Deo. The return to 
Cambridge may be made by fen 
IHttoa, nheie ia a oh. with Bome E.-E. 
work of interest. 

Cherry Sinbrn, 2J m, on the rt. of the 
Cambridge and Newmarket line, OOD- 
tains a beantiful E.-B. Ch. dedicated 
to St. Andrew. Tbe richest portions 
of detail are found in the chancel, 
which has internally an exquisite ar- 
cade of cirKjue-foUed arches, pierced at 
intervals with unuEually large coup- 
lets, N. and S. The nave has on either 
side a fine series of arches richly 
moulded ond supported. In the N. 
aisle are some highly interesting 
wooden seats. The tower is very late 
Perp. The parish was formerly fa- 
mous for its cherrlea. 

WandlebuTy, or VaiuUebury camp ia 
on the Bumrnit of the dog-Magog 
Hills. It crowns a hill which slopes 
towards the B, and W., aud is probably 
of British origin. 

At Falboam, 4} m. (Stat, on Camb, 
and Newmarket line), ia a CA. well 
worth visiting, of various dates, chiefly 
Deo. and £-E. The poppy-heads 
of the seats and the carv^ pulpit 
ahould be noticed. (Tbe Fleam, or 
Baleham Dyke, one of tile 4 entrench- 
ments which defended the E. Anglian 
oounlry Irom the dwellers of the in- 
terior, ia most perfect at Shardelow'a 
Well, a littie S. of Fulbonra.) 

At Great WObraham, 3 m. N.E, of 
Fulbonm, and about the same distance 
S. of BottiBham, is a fine E.-E. Ch. 
worth notice. The font, Trana-Norm., 
is very good. The inner doon^ of 
the 8. porch is very fine and rich E.-E. 

At BiAtuham, on the turnpike road 
to Newmarket, 6 m. irom Cambridge, 
is a remarkable "flint and stone" Ch., 
the finest specimen of pure Deo. in tbe 
county. 

1} m. N.W. of Bottiaham Oh. ar« 
some remains of Aiufieiea Abbey. 

Abont li m. N.W. of Waterbeach, 
Stat. (Si m.) on tbe Cambridge and 
Ely Bly., are the remains of Denny 
Jme'j, a honse of Nuns of St. Chue, 



CANNOCK— CAHTEBBUR ¥. 



tDonded in 1S42. The Tsmaiiu, whioh 

are rather eitensive, but very fiag- 
mentary, eoiudstine chiefly of early 
Sona. a.ad Dec work, have been con- 
rerted iota a la^e fnrmhniue. 

At LaniSiauA, Ij m. W. ol Water- 
beach, the Ch. will well repay a visit. 
The woodwork thnAU:hoQt abould be 
notioBd. 

A long but interesting walk, tracing 
the boundary of the lale of Ely, may 
be thos taken: From Cambridge to 
Cottenliam — the anoient seat of the 
i family— (6 m.). Thence to 



Fe|:7B f 
Haddenl 

thtough 









_.^_ Ely 

along the edge of the higb ground, 
here rising like a low cliff above the 
fen. Betum by rail to Cambridge. 

A good view ia obtained &om a bill 
between Haalingfield and Barriueton. 
Drive from Cambridge through Hae- 
lingfleld on the Harrington road. 
Leave the rood jost before gaining 
the top of the hill, and tarn into a 
field on the 1., where is an old chalk 
pit 

Other GzcoTBionfi may be made to 
Sly ii ia. by rail), NewmaTket (10 
min.). AudUy End (J hr.), Bedford 
(1 hr.). 

Cahkitobd, aee Lavnce^im. 

Cahioed, see Wirnbome. 

Caiinock(Staff.>— Stat.L.j[N. 
W. Rly.(Jnn : Crown)— ia a flourishing 
lUtle bnm dependent on theminingdiB- 
trict of Cannock £%a«e, a waste of some 
8600 acres, but rich in ooal beds. It 
is a pretty walk of 6 m. to Anaitage 
(see) Btat on tlie Trent Valley line, 
throng Beaudeeert, the park of the 
Harquia of Anglesey. 

Caks Office, aee Dinai MouiddvFS 
and IMmfyllin. 

Canons, aee Stanmore. 

C^nterburv (Kent). The 
Stat, of the L. C. & D. Kly. ndioiuE 
the Dane John (poll). The 8. E. 
Bly. Stat, ia outside the city to the N. 
Imu : *f ountain ; Kose ; Flear-de- 
Lya. 

In order to obtain a systematic sur- 
vey of the oity, the viMtor should pro- 
ceed through the pleasure grounds of 
tte Daiie John to St. tieoxge's-atreet, 



of the mansion of the Bopera v 
attract hia notice. Having aeen these 
he should then turn back, and crossing 
the S.E. Bly. on the level, notice rt. the 
gables of the Star Inn. The Weil Gale, 
beyond (1374-81), by which the city 
is entered, ia the only gate remaining 
□f the 6 originally eiistdng. The upper 
pert of the ^^te, together with the 
bunding adjoining, serves as the city 
prison. The most ^rfect part of the 
oity walla now remaining ia in Broad- 
itreel (on the E. aide of the Cathe- 
dral). The appioaoh to 

The Cathkdbal is by the ut- 
oient Xeretry4ane, where onoe stood 
the ''Checquera Ian," the resort of 
Chaucer's PUgrima, at the end of 
which ia the prinoipal entrance. 
Prior OMimith's Gate, commonly 
called " Chrietohnrch Gate" (bnilt 
1517). through which we enter the 

Ereoincia. Lanfi«nc, the first arch- 
isbop after the Conquest (1070-89), 
rebuilt the cathedral obnrch and 
monastery. Anselm, his successor, 
ro-erected the eastern part : and it was 
in this ch. that Becket was murdered 
(1170), and in "the glorious choir 
of Conrad " (Anselm's successor) that 
his body was watched by the monks 
during the succeeding night. This 
choir was entirely burnt down in 1174, 
and, together with the E. buildlDgs, 
was re-ereoted, nearly as we now see 
them, by Wm. of Sens, 1174-8, and 
"English William" in 1184. The 
present cathedral oonaists of portions 
or the whole of the works from the 
tebailding by Lanfranc to the death 
of Prior Goldstone, ciro. 1495. It 
thua exhibits specimens of nearly 
all the atagea of Gothic architecture, 
the principal being Trans.-Norm. and 
Perp. The length of it U 522 ft. 
The principal entrance to the ca^ 



dates from abt. 1380, and bears a v< 
aideiable resemblance to the nave of 
Winchester, excepting in the height 
to which the choir is raised above the 
crypt below, ^od the uumerons step; 



CANTEBBUBY. 



wbioh are conseqnenUy neceasaiy in 
order to reach it. 

On entaring the Choir by ttia Weit- 
em Sereen, whioli IB very beautiful 
and elaborate (15th cent.), the visitor 
is immediately struck by the sii^n- 
lar bend with which the walls ap- 
proach each other at the ea»tera end. 
This tenintkable reatnre, together with 
the great length of the choir (180 ft. 
— the longest in Enelaud), the an- 
tique character of the architecture, 
BQd the Sue effects of light and 
shadow, produce a solemnity not un- 
fitting the Blsi great reeting-place of 
the ^th in Saxon iEogloDd. The 
Sereen (1304-S) awTOUudirig theohoir 
is of great beaaly. The moitts. in the 
choir will be best eiomined from the 
aide aisles. Leaving the choir by the 
W. door of the screen we now pass 
into the N.W. Ttansept, or Tranitpl 
^ftbe Marlyrdmn. It was here that 
BeoketwBS slaiu, 29 Deo., 1170, by the 
kaichts Ragin^d Fitzorse, Tiacy, 
Richard le &et, and Hngh of Horsea. 
A small square piece cut out of one of 
the stone flags still marks the spot. 
Other existing memoriala of this scene 
are the actoal door leading into the 
cloisters b; which Becket and tbe 
knights entered the cb., and tbe un- 
altered wall between the chapel of St. 
Benedict and the passage leading to 
the orypt, in front of which the arch- 
tdshop fell. Tbe great window of the 
transept was the ^t of Edw. IV. and 
his Queen, whose flgnres stiU remain 
in it, togeUier with those of bU daugh- 
ters and (he 2 priacea mnidered in 
the Tower. Notice, in this transept, 
monts. of Abps. Feokham (1279-92) 
and Warham (1503-32). Leading 
out of this transept, N., is the Demtg, 
or Lady Chapel (1449^8). It has a 
rich fan-vanlt. In it are the monts. 
of many of the deans, notably those 
of FotKei^, Jh. Sargrave (d, 1642), 
Dean Soye, and Dr. Turner. From 
tbe martyrdom transept, we advance 
into tbe North Aitle of the Choir. The 
stained glass windows in lower part 
" ' - 6 beanly. At tbe " ' 
lose to tbe steps asc 
Iro-choir, is the dot 
i. Andreufi Tower, part of Lanfranc'e 



building. On choir side, notice monts. 
of Abpi. Ckicheley (1415-44), Sou^y 
(1828-48). and Bourchier (1454-88). 
A steep flight of steps leads to Trinitj/ 
Chapel behind tlie choir E. Here 
Becket had sung hia first maas after 
his iostallation a« archbishop, and 
after the rebuilding this was the spot 
chosen for his shrine (read Dean Stan- 
ley's Hiitorieal Memorial of Canter- 
fcurj). Of the shrine itself a drawing 
remains among the Oottonian H68. 
The 13th cenL windows in the ohapel, 
representing tbe miracles of Becket. 
should be carefully examined. 

Between the first two piers of tbe 
chapel, S., is the mont. of Edteard the 
Blaak Prinee. The efflgy is in hreae. 
Above are suspended his gauntleta, 
helmet ("beamneduieopard"), shield, 
and sword scabbard. Immediately 
opposite, N., is the tomb of Sen. IV., 
and of bis second wife, Joan of Na- 
varre. E. of this iaa kneeling fignre, 
by Bernini, of Dean WoUoa. At the 
feet of tbe Black Prince is tbe mont. 
of Aifp. Courtenay (d, 1396). The 
great lightnesa and beauty of the 
Corona, the extreme B. end of the 
cathedral, are remarkable. On N. side 
is tomb of Cardinal Pole, Q. Mary's 
archbishop (1556-58). Descending 
the S. aide of Trinity Chapel and 
pasaiug down the stepa we come to 
81. Antelm'i Towier and Chapd. Tbe 
screen of the chapel ia farmed by the 
tomb of Aim. Simon de Mephara 
(1328-33). Here is the mont of Au- 
selm ; and W. of the chapel, those of 
Abps. Simon d« Sudbury (1375-81), 
Slrat/ord {lS33-i8), and Kempe(liS2 
-54). We now reach the B.E. Tran- 
sept, — notice here tbe Falriarehai 
Chair (13th cent), and passing down 
the 8. choir aisle we arrive at the 
8. W. Ti-amept. Opening E. from this 
transept is Bt. Michaert or tbe War- 
riorf Chapel, At the E. end, Binga- 
larly placed, the bead alone appear- 
ing through the wall, is tbe stone 
coffin of Langton (1207-28), the great 
Abp, of John and Magna Charta. 
Patting through the gallery under the 
tower stairs, we return to the Martyr- 
dom transept, and from it enter the 
Norm. Crypt or Undercroft. The wbolo 



CAyTEBBUBT. 



91 



eiypt vaa dedicated to the Vii^D, 
ftnd towards tbe B. end is tlie Chapel 
of Our ha&fj VitAereraft, enclosed oy 
late Ferp. open stonework. The whole 
OTpt was given np bj Elizabeth in 
1561 to the French and Flemish re- 
fngees. The E. end of it, under 
Trinity Chuel, ia the work of English 
William. Hero occurred the penaiice 
and Bcourging of Hen. II, at the tomb 
of Beokct, which remained here from 
the time of the murder till 1220. 

We may now retnm to the exterior 
of the oaUledral. Of the 2 W. Uneen, 
that N. is modern, and yiae finished 
in ISti). The gieat central tower, 
caUed "Bell Harry," is 235 ft. in 
height, and one of tha moat beautifiil 
examples of Perp. work existing. An 
excelJent viow of it may be obtained 
from the N.W. angle of the oloistera. 
At tbe B.W. side, a little beyond 
" Bell Harry '" Tower, descending by 
ft few stairs, is the Frenoh Protestant 
Ch., a light and clean little room, 
hsTlng about a dozen wonhippers. 

The diflerent buildings and remains 
contained in the PrediteU vrill now 
engage the attentioa of tbe visitor. 



a of tbe 

Bonaatery of Angnsttoe. Tbe arches 
to the E., of an early Norm, style, be- 
longed to the Infirmary, Beyond the 
Infirmary is the " Dark Entry," the 
Norm, porttonB of which were built by 
Prior Wibert (c. 1167). who also bnilt 
the remarkably fine Norm, dicnlar 
tower in the ^uden without, adjoin- 
ing the cloisters, formerly the oastel- 
lam aqnce, now called the Baptiilery. 
The shields in the CloUlert are those 
of l>ene&olors. On the E. side is the 
Chapter Home, nhioh has a remark- 
ably rich roof of Irish oak. Betum- 
ing through the Dark Entry, the viai- 
tor may enter the Green Court, for- 
merly sniTonnded by the princtpal 
domeatio bnildings of the monastery. 
On W. side is the Forter't Gate, the 
most ancient remaining, adjoining 
which is the King't Schoot. The stair- 
case leading up to the Hall is an 
imiqae example of late Norm, work. 
Fossil]^ ont of the Precincts by the 



N. gate into Palace-street, notice 
arched doorway, which is nearly all 
that remains of the AretAmop't 
Faiace. 

After the oathednl, the great object 
of interest is St. Jumisfine's (His- 
donary) CoZJag^, This beaatifnl buOd- 
isg was completed in lg4S, &om de- 
sire by Mr. Batterfield. Of tbe 
original monastery, there remain some 
wall fragments (late Norm.) of the 
Church, and 8. of these the ruins of 
St. Panerat Chapd, a little 8.W, of 
which has been preserved a piece of 
genuine Boman, or Bomano-British, 
wall. Tbe noble Entranee Gate was 
bnUt by Abbot Pyndon in 1300. The 
Cemetery Gate was built 1399. The 
college Wj, or refectory, was the au- 
' Gttetfi' Hall ; its open roof is 



The abbey had been converted into 
a brewery, when it was purchased in 
1814 by A. J. Beresford Hope, Esq., 
M,P,, and devoted by him to its pre- 
sent purpose. Fronting the main 
entrance is the LSirary, standing on 
tbe fbondataons of the crypt of tbe 



From St. Augustine's the visitor 
should proceed by tbe Xonjport road 
to 8t. MaHin'f C&anA, on the hill 
above. It bad been a Britidi Chris- 
tian chapel before tbe arrival of tbe 
Saxons, and was made over to Augus- 
tine. The present cb. no doubt occn- 
oupies the die of Aogustine's. and 
portions of the walla may be identical. 
It has been styled tlie " mother church 
ofEngland." Thevisitorshoiildmake 
a point of attending the service here. 

The hill behind tbe ch. oommands 
one of the best views of Oanterburj, 

Turning off opposite the County 



of Boiyon), the public walks of 
whiob are beautifiil and well worth a 
visit Beyond tbe Dane John, but 
still close to the city wall, is the 
CatOe, the venerable Norm, keep of 
which is now eooverted into a gas 
&oto^. A short distance N. of the 
S.E. Bly. Stat, is the interesting old 
Chnrch of jSl. Btephea'i (otherwise 
Hackington). 



CANTEKBUHT—CAPEL CVBIG. 



Of the Emoller rdigioat lioiaet, the 
miHt important remains are those of 
the Dominicam or Black Frian, on 
die banks of the Stonr below St. 
Peter's Ch. The refedary w perfect, 
and now used aa a Dnilaiiaa ohapol. 
A picturesque view of the niin may 
be had from Mmlen' Nurserj, worth a 
Tint for its own sake. 

Eait Bridge MoepiUd, closely adjoin- 



™g. ' 






free school, is worth a, viait. 

In Guildhall-street is the JKtMeun* 
containing sojne good collections. 

The GuiWiall, at the comer of thif 
street, oonlains some relics of armour 
and some ouriouB portraits. 

Borne very interesting Excureione 
may be made from Canteihury. The 
village of MarbUdoim, l\ m. from 
St. Dunstan'a, grew up abont the an- 
cient La^ai-honse, founded by Abp. 
Lantranc. for leprous men and women. 
Some portions of tlie ch. probably form 
part of Ibc original foimdation. The 
hospital waa rebuilt in 1670, and 



e S<Aard for Orphai 
Soia of the CUrgy. A shoit distance 
6om the oily, on the Old Dover road, 
is a place called St, Laurence, In a 
wall on the high road is the martp- 
St. Iiauience on a ^diron, cc* '" 
Stone, DOW much dilapidated. 

The group of villages called the 
"Bourne)" may be visited by the 
DoTcr road ; quitting the main roai' 
at Bridge, 3 m,, we reach BiehopE 
bourne, 1 m. S., with its memone 
of Hook^, to whom the living wa 
given 1595. From hence Upper 
Sofdree may best be visited (2 m. 
B.W.). Beturning to Bridge, we reach 
at 1 m. Patri:^>oarne, where is a small 
Korm. oh. of much interest, Bar- 
freeton (known em Barton) is 1 ' 
N.B. (rf the Shepherd's Well Stj... . 
the L. C. & . D. Bly. The small 
Church is the "lion" of the district, 
and one of the most remarkable Norm, 
buildings in England. In Tiaiting 
Barfrerton, the excursion should 1» 
prolonged to Walderehare Part (Earl 
of Guflford), 2 m. S,, aD4 the Ch. of 



Coldred adioining. A pleasant excur- 
sion may be made to the villages of 
Charlham (* m.) and Ghilham (6 m,), 
on the line to Ashfbrd, The oh, at 
Chartham well deserves a visit At 
Chilham there is a tolerable country 
inn (The Woolpack), which the tourist 
may make his ocut^ for a day or two 
wiUi advantage. Tlie Gasde, of which 
are shown on application, 
ided by a deep losse, in- 
closing about 8 acres. At the N.W. 
angle stands the ancient keep. The 
views over the valley of the Bloor, 
from tiie casUa and from the high 
ground above the village, are of great 
beauty. Adjoining the park which 
Burroands Chilham Csatle (B.) is 6od- 
meriham Park (E, Knight. Esq.). 
Distances.— Whitstablc, 6 m, ; Sand- 
wich, 13 m. By rail, Ramseate 40 
min., via Minster Juno. ; Deal, 1 hr. ; 
Dover, M min. ; Haatings, IJ br. 

Capel Ahthog. see Ddgelley. 

CapBl CurliTi pron. "Eappel 
Kerrig" (Caemarron.), Hi m. Horn 
Bangor, 10 m. &om Llanrwst, and 
9 m. from Snowdon — a village en- 
tirely surrounded by piountaina, and 
" houses, a primi- 



little ch., and a comforbible inn ; 
a most convenient starting-point for 
endless mountain excursions (paitlcit- 
larly pedestrian ones), and especially 
for ascent of Snowdon. Close to the 
hotel are Llynian Mymbyr, 2 fine sheets 
of water, which afford poor fishing ; 
the view up the vale, embracing these 
lakes and the peaks of Snowdon, is 
not to be aorpassed in Wales for severe 
grandeur. 

EieuTiirmi, — Ascent of Camedds 
Uemdyn and Dafydd ; proceeding W. 
from Capel Curig, through magnifi- 
cent mountain scenery on either hand, 
the ascent, which is very steep and 
iatiguing, but abounding in beautiful 
views, may be begun at a farmhouse 
called Tal-y-braicb, 3 m. : or I m. 
beyond, at point where the Llugwy is 
crowed ; the Llugwy must be foltowed 
up to Glan Lli^wy. liom whence 
strike np the ahoulder to <>aig 



ys^oUaji^uo 



CAPEL CUBIG. 



I.addeis), and on rt. ia Bwleh-^rii 
drym, a narrow ledge J m. long, which 
ends at eiunimt of Caiv^dd iXewdyn; 
an each dde are tremeudouB abyasett, 
the ODe towards E. conlainmg a ' 
Ffifnnoa Llagu>y ; on the sai 
(31ti9 ft) are said to be traces 
fortified camp of Llewelyn ; to N.W. 
is Aber (eee), to which a deBceat ma; 
be made ia 6 or 7 m. The Llyn^ 
N.E., onder Cefh-fT-Arrjg, are Me- 
Ipllyn and Lljn Dnlyn, which Bupply 
nmleta to the Conway ; the botaaiat 
will find Jjnga genevemit (A Ipine) ; 
letnming to the Black LadderB the 
touriat may viajt Camedd Davydd 
(3427 ft.), below which is deep Bemi- 
ciitmlar cirm, containing the little 
Ffy nnon-y-Lloer ; the descent may bo 
made (1) back by the Black Ladders 
to Craig Llngwy ; (2) from Braich- 
ddn to the aborefl of Llyn Ogwen, 
where it receives the Afon Uoer, 
exactly oppoeite the Trifaen (this ii 
aTerysfeep descent) ; (8) the diortest 
descent may be made directly into 
the Talley of the Afon Llocr, joining 
the toad about 3} m. ihim Capel 
Cnilg,- thegeologiBt shonld look foi 
erideocea of iceberg or glacier action 
on the flanks of the monntain. At 
Xlyn OgiBtn, 4 m. on London and 
Holyhead iced, there is good free trout 
flsb&g: shore fishing, however, being 
nselesB, boats must be hired either at 
Capel Corig Inn or the Douglas Arms 
at Bethesda. 5 m. from the Llyn (Me 
Bangor) ; the Ogwen issncs from the 
lake tbrough a narrow savage gorge 
called the Pass of the Benglog, where 
it is precipilatad by a series of broken 
falls more than 100 ft.; in a deep 
crater, a little higher in the mountain 
to a of the W. end of Lljn Ogwen, is 
Uyn Idieal, the reputed scene of the 
murder of the Welsh prince Idwal, 
the wildeet and most savs^ of Welch 
lakes, which no tooriet sbontd omit to 
visit; on W. side of the Llyn is 
an extraordinary chasm in the rock, 
oaUed T«,Uddv, or the Black Hole, 
or the Devil's Kitchen ; to climb 
Into it requires steadiness und 



a rongh path from S.W. side of lake 
leadftosnmmit of TwUddn and Llyn- 
y-cwm, whence a slanting descent of 
about 2 m. will bring the tourist to 
UanberU. 

Ascent of the Qlydtrt and Tiifaen ; 
a gradnal ascent of 31 ni., thiougfa 
the severe and desolate scenery of 
the valley of Nant-y-gwryd, leads to 
Penygutryd Ian (see poit), whence the 
ascent may be ma<k of the Qlyder 
VawT, which 18 connected by a tanm 
of precipices called Y Waim Oer, with 
the Qtyder Tach; an easy ascent 
mny also be made from GorphwyB&, 
a little further on (see below) : imme- 
diately N. is Y IW/aen, a ep\a of the 
Olyder Vach, which, though seem- 
ingly inoocessible, con be scaled Sitaa 
its W. side ; the smnmit of the Glyder 
is strewn with rocks and stones as if 
it had been washed by a trcmendona 
sea; the sommit of the leaser Qlyda 
can easily be reached from the greater 
one, which is only 12 fl. higher: In 
Ciem BocMiBud, nndemeath the Gly> 
der, is Llyn Sodilviyd, one of the most 
perfect examples of a glacier lake in 
the district; jost below the end of 
Esgair Felen (the shonlder of Olyder 
YawT which abuts the pass of IJan~ 
betis) to the B, are some very fine 
basaltic coltuuns, extending 500 it. 
down the monntain, the bottom being 
about 2050 fL above sea level (by 
aneroid), and the top abont 2500 ft. ; 
the colnmns lie at an inclination of 
about 43°, pointing a little W. of 
N,W,; deecendicg the mountain the 
touriat shonld proceed through the 
strange assemblage of blocs petehe's 
between tlie Pass and Llyn of Cwm 
Ffynnon to Qorvhmj/ifa, in the Pass 
of LlEmb«nis (wnere is a tolerable 
inn) ; hence the toorist may proceed 
■ " m. to Llanberis, or return 1. 
. by Penygwryd to Capel Curig. 
Ascent of ModSiabod ; this mountaui 
(2870 ft.) lies 3J m. S. of Capel Onrig, 
and may be easily ascended from H. 
and W., being covered with smooth 
grass till nearly the summit, which is 
rocky ; the E. face is grand and pre- 
cipitous, with a cratei^ehaped escan)- 
ment. at bottom {£ which lies the 
small tarn of Llyn-y-focI ; It is easy to 



H 



CAFEt cnsia. 



deacend from tnunniit in a. 8.B. direc- 
tion to OatU Dolvrsddelan ; heaoe it 
b 7i m. to Bettwa-j-oo«d, or 6 m. ly 
E. escarpmeDt of Moel Siabod to Cftp^ 
Curig. Ascent of Stuncdon, about 9 m. 
(N.B. the ascent m^ also be made 
from Llanberit, or Beddgelert); the 
ascent frcon Capel Curig ia the loceeat, 
most difflCDlt, and by far the grandeBt 
of all ; the fee ia 10*. (or from Penv- 
gwryd 5(.); leaving Capel Curig I., 
and p«SBing Penygwiyd, i ro., the ea- 
teutoegwaatGorphayifa (tbe "rest- 
iug-plece"); here the path turns off L, 
Biid climbing over some rough and 
rocky gnmnd passes the smati lAyn 
Teym, irbere are some deserted miners' 
cottages ; it Boon eaten the grandest 
valley in Snowdon, Ciem Dyli, and 
romea in sight of Llyn Llydaie, about 
1} m.&om GorphwjB&i; this beautiful 
Alpine pool is of darkest green colour, 
and about 1 m. lone i around it rise 
the cliffs of XJjwe^ (250U ft. above 



the minets tor accesa to a copper mme 
on N.W. side of the pool, by which 
the latter has been lowered 12 ft, and 
its beauty mnoh spoilt, and then fol- 
lows, by a difficult zigzag track, 
where a false step would be fatal, up 
a little river which issues front Fijn- 
noa Llyn Olos or Olaelyn, a small 
tarn on a much higher level, in a deep 
basin directly nnder the precipice ol 
Moel-y-Wyddfa : tie Mcent ia verj 
trying up to Crib-y-Ddvsgyl, on the 
eununit of which ridge the path joins 
the lilanberis route ; hence a ^larp 
pull leads tosummit of Moel-y-Wvddfa. 
At the highest point, which during 
the season is crowded by toniiits, the 
guides have erected 2 hnts, where 
comestibles such as eg^ and beoon 
may be bad at tolerably leaeoctable 
prices; for those who wish to see " 
ami rise a charge of 5s. is made 
bed and breeMost; the proepect 
a clear day ia one of bound] 
mugniflcence; from 25 to 30 lakes 
are visible altogether from the sani' 

The Snowdoninn range (prineipally 



of Caradoc age) offers a rare harvest 
the geologist and botauiat 
To Llyn Coalyd and Tre/riio. Leav- 
ing Capel Curig I. at I m. turn rt. and 
proceed throu^ a mountain pass to 
Llyn Cnmlyd, a long narrow sheet of 
water ; hence, following 1. bank of the 
AfoD Ddu, at about 9 m., Dalgarrog 
the Conway road is reached ; hence 
is7^m. I. to Cottinay ; about 8 m, rt. 
Trefriic ; and 6 m. rt. to lAaiarviil ; 
ahonla the tourist wish to return to 
Capel Curig from Tre&iw, he may do 
BO through some of the most splendid 
scenery m Wales, by ascending the 
peas pMt the head of Llyn Geirionydd 
aod deacecding to Capel Curig (see 
J2anrvi»t). ToiJanrunt, 10m., passing 
at Si m. the beautiful watorbll if 
Khaiadr-y-wenol (Swallow Fall)— see 
Llanncit ; to SetbiBt-y-Cofd, 6 m. ; 
whence it is 7 m. to Pentraeo^ai ; ft 
little beyond the former the ravine. 
Fori Noddya, through which the Con- 
way flows, ^oold be visited ; aQd2Jm. 
' -e the FalU of Ok Conway, 
I remarkable ; near which 
the Falls of the Mochuo 
(see Bethesy-Coed). 

To Bangor, 14) m. Leaving Capel 
Curig L, and luiving the enormous 
ma«s Comedds Da:^rdd and Llewelyn 
rt, and the Giyder-y-Tiifaen 1., at 4 m. 
IJyii Ogwen is reached : the road fol- 
lows the B. margin of the lake, and 
l}m. further on enters the grand Vant 
F/Taneon, " Glen of Btaveis," where 
□Oto the numerona cwms running np 
1, into the hilla ; otDm Graianog is a 
very perfect example of d glacier lake ; 
the excellent tomtce road skirting rt 
of vale here enables the tounst to view 
the mountains on each side with ease ; 
3^ m. further on ie OgwcnBank (Lord 
Peurhyn), and a littLe to the L the 
noted Pearhyn Slate Qvarriei, where 
the mountain scooped away in ledges 
or terraces, and the blasting operationa 
performed by the workmen, form a 
most interesting picture; a little be- 
yond the quarries the road crosses the 
united streams of the Llafar and the 
Categ, and passing a little beyond on 
1. BeOiada continues tbroogh wooded 
valley of the Ogwen, and reaches at 
13 m. the model village of Uand^gai, 



CAPEL CVRIG—CASDIFF. 



whence it is 1} m. to Bangor («ee). 
To Uanberis, 10 m. by Penygwrjd and 
" " IS paaa of Llanberu. 



pretending but comfortable road- 
side taveTD; it ia a good etation for 
fiBbermen, beiag sew to the Mjmbyt 



3 m., and several tonaller onei, tbe 
nearest being Uya Cvm^ynnon, about 
i m. from Uie inn, at foot of the Glv- 
der Tach ; thoi^h amall it affordB 
good fishing and contains chai ; there 
is also tront fishing in the Ovrryd, tbe 
litOe river running dovm to the Mym- 
byr lakes, within less than 5 minuted 
millc &om the inn ; the landlord. 
Henry Owen, is a good gnide to the 
varjoua lakes, as also to tbe neigh- 
bouring moantainB. 

From Penjgwryd a Diost lovely Ex- 
cunum may be made through the vale 
of Nant Owynant to BeddgeUri, S m. ; 
at 1 J m. on tbe rt tbe little river Afon- 
lae or Gladyn issues from the glen 
of Cwm DyU to join tbe Golwyn at 
Beddgelert ; it rises in the little tarn 
of Glaslyn close under summit of 
Snowdon, and passing tbrougb Llyn- 
Uydaw enters Nant Owynan£ flowing 
over a series of cascades (br about 
300 ft., and falls at 3} m. into Llyn 
Ovtynant, tbe most exquisite of Welsh 
lakes ; previous to arriving at Llyn 
Gwynant a track 1. of about 5 m. leads 
throngh Bwlchyhediad into the valley 
of tbe Ltedr and Cattell DolteyddeUn ; 

" ~- ' ^ Llyn Qwynant are the 

OwyaOTit ; i m. fiutbei 
1 oval lake of iZyn-j- 
Ddina$. joined with Llyn Gwynant 
by the Glaslyn ; hence the road runs 
2 m. by the river and through an ex- 
quisitely wooded vale to Beddgelert. 

An iuterestiiig pedestr ■' 



may be made by taking a road 1. be- 
tween Llyn Gwynant and y-Ddinas 
on S. side of Plus Gwynant, which 
fbllows a small brook that rises in tbe 
Lledr range ; the scenery, boluding 
's of Snowdon and its glacier val- 



leacb^ Llgn Edno, IJ,yn T,!a:ji, and 



Ltifn-gr-AdaT, all good for fishing, the 
former being noted for its fine trout ; 
they are, however, sby, and the fishing 
is dangerons owing to the shelving 
rocks ; on Llyn-yr-Adsr ate numbers 
of the blaok-baoked gulls, which breed 
on an islet ; hence a short but rough 
walk leads to summit of CynitM, a 
wild peak of the Ffea^niog group, 
whence the tourist may descend I. to 
Dolwyddelen, or rt. by Votfriag and 
Pont AbergUulun to Beddgelert. 

DittanetM. — To Caemarvon, IS m. 
(a coach nms from Capel Gurig) ; Tan- 
;-bw1cb, 22 m. ; Ffestiniog, 20 m. ; Con- 



Bly., 1701 m. from London. InjM : 
Boyal, good; Cardiff Anns; AiweL A 

town of immense activity and rapid 
growth since the oonstniction of the 
celebrated Bute Doek*, possesainK 
dean broad streets, free Library, and 
Natural History Society. It Is situated 
on L bank of the Taff, 2 m. above 
its opening under the beadland (200 
ft high), and sheltered roadstead of 
Penarih, It is in direct commuiiiea- 
tion with JHerthyr (Toff Vale Rly., H 
hr.'sride); a«d viih Bhymn^y, 1 hr. 
10 min. by rail. The exports of coal 
and iron from tbe TeS, Bhymney, &c, 
nlleys are enormous, and have been 
greauv incteaged by the facilities 
offered by the magnmcent docks, the 
spirited enterprise of the late and pre- 
sent Marquis of Bute. After visiting 
the docks, the tourist should inspect the 
Cattle, entrance at end of High-street, 
restored, and occasionally occupied by 
the Marquis and Marchioness of Bute. 
The dn&'s smoking- tower, and the 
rooms on staircase leading to it, have 
been decorated in a most costly 
manner, and are well worth inspection. 
It was here that Robert, eldest son of 
the Conqneror, died after his eyes bad 
been put out (7), and after a melan- 
choly captivity of nearly 30 years. A 
pretty garden and w^ks, known as 
SopJito Park, have been made on W. 
side of 



9B 



CARDIFF— CARDIGAN. 



at PenarOi, ut mouth of the Ely. 
Penorth (a good hot«l) is well worUi 
a visit for the flue headland Bceaery, 
embracing WeatoD and Clevedon, wlUi 
Flat Holmea and Steep Holmes, ar 
well aa the dockB. Mxcartiona b 
Caerphilly CaiUe, 10 m. bj rail (Inni . 
Castle ; Boar*a Head, boUi very fair), 
one of the most interesting and exten- 
sive mins of a feudal fortress (13ih 
cent) in the country. Tlis siege by 
Q. Isabel (temp. Edw. U.) U almost 
the only ascertomed luBtorical fact re- 
spectingit The visitor will observe with 
special interest the great gate-house, 
the inner court or nailey, the great 
ball, having rich windows, and a door- 
vaj with ogee-shaped archee and de- 
corated mouldings, the chapel east of 
the Tiftll, the vaulted passage to the 
moat, the various offices, the leaning- 
tower, SO ft. high, &c. From bete 
CatOe Coch (the Red Castle) may be 
reached bj an easy walk, or &om Car- 
diff by train, 6) m. 

1 m. from My Stat., and 2 m. from 
Cardiff, is Llandaff, a straggling vil- 
lage of great antiquity, and the seat of 
the earliest Christian bishoprio, having 
been founded at beginning of 5th oent. 
The Cathedral was for a long time, 
previous to 1814, in a most dilapidated 
condition. Between, however, tbat 
year and 1S69, the work of restoration 
was thoroughly and vigorously carried 
oat, and instead of being the disgrace 
it is now the pride of tJie diocese. It 
consists of nave, aisles, choir, lady 
Chapel, chapter-house, and 2 towers 
atW. eud, TheW. door and W. front 
— the latter an exquisite specimen of 
the Pointed style-— deserve especial 
notice. The nave and W. half of the 
choir are B. E. The 8.W. and N,W. 
doors are fine ^ecimensoC Norm, work 
^ciro. 1160). The arch &om the ohoi: 



the beautiful carving of the presby- 
tery, or choirj and of the Bp.'B throne 
and stalls. There are several in- 
teresting monnmente. though sadly 
mutilated. The S.W. tower Is new, 
104 ft. high, and of 8 storeys. At the 
end of the village are the ruins of the 



SUhov'i PalaBe. The gate-house is 
tolerably perfect, and is the entiance 
to garden of the present bishop's resi- 
dence. CoiBbriage (Jnn: Bear) is 
12 m. by road, and is easily accessible 
by rail, viiL LUaitTiisaiit J\tnc,, whence 
the tourist should, if possible, proceed 
to explore the beautiful Vale of NeaOi. 
From Cowbridge the , tourist should 
also not fail to visit the very interest- 
ing town of Llantwit, and a little fur- 
ther 8., on the coast. St Donat't. 
From here (Cowbridge) it is S m. to 
Bridgmd (Wyndham Arms fiotel), 
whence, 2 m,, aie Coity CiMreh and 
Cattle, the foimer (restored) a fine 
cruciform ediflco of 11th cent., the 
latter an exteoeive ruin. I/odginga 
and good bathing may be had at 
Forihcawl, 5 m. 6.W., and | hr. by 
rail. 8t. MeUon'e Ch 2 m. K of Car- 
diff, a fine old chorcii of 11th cent, 
hftvine a peculiar lopsided chancel: 
and the castle (rebuilt IGth eent.). 
Church and village of St. Fagam'a 
(Stat.), should also be visited if pos- 
sible. Within 3 m. of the latter, on 
Daffryn estate, ace 3 famous crom- 
lechs, one of them, at SI. Nicholas, 
said to be tlie largest in Britain, 

Cardiiran (Cardigansh.), by 
rail (abont 1 hr.) fkim Caermarthen 
to Uandyitil, a village charmingly 
situated on the Biver Teifi; thenceoy 
coach (19 m.) which meets the trains, 
through, i. m,, village of Ltangeler ; ii 
m. Neaoae&e Evdyn (Jnn : Salutation), 
the route from which is along the rt 
bank of the Teifl, one of the loveliest 
in the Principality, which, at 12 m. 
from CaennarQieQ, is crossed at the 
picturesque bridge of CenarA, fomons 
for its salmon leap. The primitive 
little village and water-mill here, to- 
gether with the water-faU, form a scene 
of rare beauty. Thence it is 4 m. to 
village of LUchrhyd, a good station for 
anglers ; and 3 m. beyond is Caidigaa 
(Inns: Black lion; Angel). The 
town itself has nothiiu; in ]^icular 
to attract the stranger, but it is a con- 
venient reating-plaoa from which to 
visit the smrocnding country. The 
scenery to the north of the Teid is 
very pretty, parttcnlarly at Si. Do^ 
xaatVs, 1 m., where scanty ruins ezi^t 



CARDIGAN— OABLISLE. 



97 



otlheoDcefamoiUHbbeyof thatname. I 
A DE»tE.-E. church occapiMB portion ' 
of the site. At the mouth of the 
liyet U Bome flue rock and cave 
sceoen, Citgerran CalSe may be 
Tieitea by lood (3§ m.), of by water, 
the latter preferable. The chief 
featnres of the rains Are 2 massiTe 
toand towers, and a gate-home. The 
sitnation is lovely, aod should be 
Tinted for that alone. The road from 
CardigBiQ lo Aberaeron, N., 23 m., 
nms inland, and ia imintenwtiug, bat 
Bome flne scenery is to he met with 
by foUoniuK the coast. Jbervortht 
T m., a primitive fishing and bathing' 
place; Neiv Quay, a stOBll harbonr 
and bathing-place, and thence to Aher- 
aeroa (Inn : Featbera, comfortable), a 
hrounte watering-place, pleasantly 
ntoatad. Thenoe it ia 16 m. to Aber- 
yamOi, the rood rnnning for sereral 
miles on the face of very steep cliffs, 
preseDting a fine panorama. On S. 
side of Cardigao it is aboat 10 m. to 
Nempofl, and 7 m. thence to Fithguard 
(see St. David't). 

Cabbw, see Tenty, 

Cahiebbooei, see Wight, IiU of. 

Carlisle (Cmnb.>-^tat., L. & 
N. W. K^ ; Maryport and Carlisle 
Kly; N. B., for Newcastle, &c. ; Mid- 
land ; Caledoman ; N. British : Oks- 
- gow 4 8. Weatn.; Billoth Bay B!j. 
(Lm : ••County Hotel, adjoining rail- 
way station) — is a fine old bolder city, 
the capital of the county, and the 
LagnnaUiim of the ItomanB. The 
entrance to the oity from the railway 
station is between2largemodem drum- 
towers, bo ilt in imitation of 2 erected 
by Hen. VHI. These contain the 
assize-oonrfs. The Cathedral 
mc«t intereaiiug object. The i 
ibonded by Hen. I. The nave 
rednoed to 2 arches, atipported by 
ma«8iTe E.-Norm. pillars. The flue 
cAcnr was begnn in reign of Edwd. I., 
after a &e which had destroyed 
neariy the vbdie of the bnilding E. of 
the tower, bnt was not completed till 
140O. The oathedral bae undergone 
freqnent renovations, but the work of 
Testoralion wss commenced in earnest 
in J8S8, at ft cost of 15,0001. The 
ceUing is panelled with emblazoned 



boBKS, and gionps of stars in gold. 
The roof Is sapported by elegant cta>- 
tered columns and pointed arches, 
E.-E. style. Notice especially the 
finely-sculptured capitals, with curious 
devices, and the very elaboiate carving 
of the bUck oak stalls. On the panels 
at the beck of the stalls are some old 



great E. window, 50 tl. high and 30 ft. 
wide, is filled with the most el^ant 
and delicate traceries, and is considered 
the fincat deeoisled window in the 
kingdom. The window in N. transept 
— flubacribed for by the inhaHtants, 
tribute of sympathy to Dr. Tait, 
then Dean of Carlisle, now Aiohbishm 
of Canterbury, who lost five of hia 
children witliin a few weeks from scar- 
let fever. A very floe reredoa, haod- 
me altar-steps, 4c., have been erected. 
L the N. aislA beneath a plain aUb, 
buried Atchdn, Psley, whose ' Hone 
Panliuw ' and ' Evidences of Chris- 
ianity' were written in one of the 
prebendal houses. On the wall, under 
the E. window, is a plain moanment 
to his memory. Notice also new mona- 
' ' S. aisle to Bp. Watdegiave, 
d copper plate on wall of N. 
aisle to Bp. Kobmson, I6I6. The 
Caitie, to N. of the city, overlookinK 
the river Eden, was a stronghold H 
the flrst importance in the Bct^tisb and 
Civil wars. Over the gateway are . 
some obUtereted arms. Rich. III. vnia 
once governor of it. Maiy, Q. of Boots, 
was imprisoned liere in 156S. The 
principal manufactures are of cotton, 
ginghams, and checks. Stanieix, a 
suburb, is connected with the city by 
a fine tiridge, from which there is an 
eitensivB and pleasing view, aud the 
church and church- jai3 occupy the site 
of one of the stations on the Bomau 
Wall. Its situation is beautifol. OOi- 
land 8pa (see) is 16 m. by rail, and 
1 m. from Gilsland Stat. WeOitrai 
(Cnrntn HaUl), is 4^ m. by rail, (New- 
castle and <Arli«le RIy.). Visit ch., 
in which is a beautiful monument, by 
NMekau, to wife fd. 1788) of Henry 
Howard, Esq. Corty, the seat of the 
Howard fiunily, is on oppodte bank 
[of the river. The view here, from 



CASTLE CAnr—CMTLETON. 



and baloiT the bridge, is magnificent. 
1} m. N. of Wetberal is intereatirig 
litUe Norm. ch. of Waneick, vith & 
remarkable apae, Natuorth Castle 
(Earl of CBrlisfe), the reiidenoe (1557) 
of Lord William Howard, Lord Warden 



Oabbedds Llbwsiys 4HI1 Dajtdd, 
Bee Capd Ourw. 

C&BVO, Bee Ntwloion. 
Cabbhalton, see Croydon. 
Caktmel, see Grange, 
CAssioBnitT, see Wat/ord. 
Gakceu. Cabb EraioK, b 

Castlb Aobb, see Sieaffham. 
Casflb Abhbt, see Norlhamptoa. 
Castle Cary <SomeiBetO.Stat., 



I Welgh- 



G. W, Bly., J m. N. of the town. 
Jntu .■ AlniefDid Ion ; 0«orge ; Britui- 
sia. This little town deriTee its in- 
terest troia the beanty of the surronDd- 
ing oouotty. The cruciform Perp. 
Ch. oontains a font, dating frum 
Hen. YL, and a richly-carred pidpit. 
Opposite the chnrch is CaMle Cary 
Park, a prettily broken hill-side. 
From its Biumiut, which is celled 
Lodge Hitt, the most extensile views 
are obtained. 

The road to Wincanton, 6 m., i 
of the prettiest in the county. 
1} m, it passes on I. Hadepen Some 
(Henry Hobhonse, Esq.), a grey old 
mansion beneath a wood. Alford, 
2i m. W., has a very beantifiil and 
nell-restored ch. 

Castle Cooh, see Cardiff, 
Oa?tlb ComiE, see Chippenham. 
CaHtle UonluirtOIl (Der- 
by.)— Stat., Midland Rly., 9} m. from 
Derby: 4} m. from Trent ; and 11 m. 
&om Nottingham — contains a few re- 
mains of a castle, built by Gaslace de 
Hatton, and a fine old Ch., with monu- 
tnpnts of the Hastings family. Don- 
ington Park, I m. W„ was formerly the 
Bent of the Marqnia of Hastings. 
Castlb Eden, see Harllepml. 
Castlb Frooue, see Ledbary. 
Ihsmx Himtxn wjnw , gee SibU, 
Castle Howakd, see Yorh 
Caotxe Risino, see Iiynn, King'i. 



Castleton (Derby .>—G) m . from 
Chapel-on-le-Prith Stat., L. & N. W. 
Rly.; omnibus to ShefBeld thrice 
weekly, I6i m. (Intu .- •Castle ; Nag's 
Head)— -isaprimitiTelittle town in uie 
very heart of the wildest portion of 
the Peak scenery. The Ch. has a 
beautifal chancel Norm, arch, with 
billet moulding. In the vestry is a 
library, with a blaok-letter Bible, dale 
1539, and a, Breeches Bible. The 
Peak Cattle, on the summit of the 
cliffs over the village, was bnilt by 
Wm. PereriL Only the keep is left, 
at the S.W. angle, the w^ls 8 ft. 
thick. In the interior are two cham- 
bers, the lower of which was reached 



(a) The Peak Cavern (an attorUoa- 
aiefee of 2*. Sd. it demanded hy the 
miide) is 100 yds. &om the village, and 



a ooonpiet 
L weird ef 



whde length of 2300 ft. Theentnuwe 
led by mpe-BpinnetB, who give 
effect. The saLent poinU are 
First Water, the Great HaU, 
120 feel high, 'Bagar Bain's House, 
Devil's Cellar, E^fwsf House, and 
Qreat Tom of Lincoln, an immensely 
lof^ dome. (t> Bmedwell Cavem, 
2 m., at foot of the Winniats. is a dis- 
□sed mine. The Great HaU is so high 
that rockets have been sent np 450 ft. 
without toucliing tlie top, (e) .Blue 
John Mine (still worked), 14 m., on 
Cbapet road, io the side of "rray cliff. 
Fine masses of stalactite to be seen 
here ; notice especially the '' oigMl," and 
great qnantiti^ of £Iu« John, or Derby- 
shire spar (calcicfluoride); LordMiu- 
grave's Dining-room, the Variegated 
Cavern, and the Crystallized Cavern 
are the principal (^Lambera. Excar- 
itConi : (a) I m. 8. np Cum Dale, a 
romantic olif^ leading to the Hazard 
"■ ). (6) 1 m. on the Chapel road to 
Wmdgatet, or Winniats, a very 
ravine, with cliffl of immense 
height. At its bead torn off, on rt., to 
Mimi Tor (1709 ft.), which, tiom the 
constant disintegraton of the coal- 
measuie shales, is called the Bbivering 
Mount There is a lovely view E. over 
Sopt, and N. over Edale to Kinders- 
coot. (o) 1} m. on Hattierssge rood 



CESNE ASSAS-CHABD. 



to Hope, which has a fine Perp. Ch. 
uid porch with a chamber above it. 
1 m. fiirther, at BrouffA, ia a wctaagnlar 
BoDULn camp. (See also Sh^dd — 
Environs.) 
Cahtlbton (Yocka.), Bee WhW/g. 
Ca»tob, see Feterhotoagh. 
Cabwau. Bay, see Swanna. 
Cavendish, see Clare. 
Cawstoh, «ee A^JHtam. 
Ckfs, see Omemtry and St. Aiaph. 
Cehabs, see Amlweh. 
Cbkakth, see Cardlgai 
C*:meAbb»B {Dorset.). Nete 
Jrb. Tbia ia » «maU town on the 
rivet Oeme, raiToaiided I7 chalk hills. 
It was the site of a very u^e and im- 
portant abbey, fonnded (987) by Ail- 
mar, Eatl (H Devon and CJomwall. 
The only remajm of the abbey conaiBt 
of the QiUe Bmae, tbe AJibey Eoiue, 
Uld a very fine barn. The Gate jETmue 
is also very fine, witli a two-storeyed 
oriel window over the fan-groined en- 
trance. The upper roran is floored with 
encanatio tiles. The Abbey Book was 
the reddenoe of Denzil, Lord Holies. 
The bora, of the ISth cent., is an ex- 
cellent example, with noble buttiosaeB 
Some tnuiei of tbe park and garden) 
can still be disaemed. On the munmit 
of a hUl to the N.E. are the foundations 
of the chapel of St Catherine. 

The Ch. is a fine example of tbe 
Ferp. atyle, with a noble tower, dis- 
playing a beantifU canopied niche, 
enshrining B statue of the Virgin and 
Child. Within is a stone rood-screen. 
Immediately above the t«wu rises a 
lofty eminence, popularly called the 
QianSt BM, from an imcontb colossal 



the chnrchyard is an object of con- 
eiderable interest, a. beantifal spring of 
water, traditionally said to have twen 
raised by St. Aognstine, by whose 
name it is still called. Tbe remains of 
a wall surround it, said to be Uiose of 
St. Augnstise's ChapeL 

Cebbto Cbikwen. see M(^'head and 
Llangefni. 

Cbkbio-T- 



Chaxdeslet Cobbett, see Kidder- 



CsAmTTOirsuBy Risa, ee 
Chapel • en - 1« - Prith 

(Derby.). Slala. Midi, and L. k N.W. 
Blys., the latter t m. fn»n Qie tovm. 
Inn: King's Arms. The Ch. of St. 
Thomas & Becket, on an eminence at 
the top of Market-place, is an ancient 
edifice. Fine views from Dympm, 2i 
m. N. (1633 ft.), looking northwards 
into Edale and over Kinderscont (see 
Hayfidd). Exeamon: 2 m. W. to 
BTodehatB Ball, under Eccles Fike 
(1225 ft), which baa a gateway, 17th 
cent, witii the Biadehaw arms and 
some carvings and iuscriptifHis. Bux- 
ton (by raill 5i m. 

Oiara (Someraet> Stat G.W. 
Bly. (Bmnch, 15^ m,, fVom Tamiton 
to Chard) and Stat. S.W. Bly. (Branch 
from Chard Jonction). Jniu: Chard 
Arms ,- George ; Crown. This ia a 
rather handsome town. The Ch. con- 
tains a strange old monument to the 
memory of William Brewer, a phy- 
sician of Chard, and his wife, d. I(il4. 

The Grammar Sehool is a quaint 
old building, deserving notice, as well 
as some other houses, probably of the 
16th ceot.^ne, aljove the G^irge ; 
and another, the Chough Inn, beyond 
the intersection of the i sireeta. 

Snowdon, one of the summits on the 
highland from the Blackdowns, rises 
immediately above the town, sod on 
a clear day will give the traveller fine 
prospects oTer Devonshire and Somer- 
set tj m. will bring him to the 
highest point. 

WindwhittU Ian, on the narrow ridge 
of Bana Hill, 4 m. W., also com- 
mands a vride and ^sdnating view. 

.Foril Abbey (Knap Inn), Herbert 
vans, Esq., 4 m. fitnn Chard, and 
IJm. &om Chard BoBd June, ia a very 
beautiful monastio - structure, mixed 
with much modem work. It is seated 
in its park, in a retired valW on the 
-"—Axe. ItwBsbmlt(1148)ioracom- 
ity of Cisteraian monks. TheC^j>«I 
is the oldest portion, and a very good 
esample of Transition, with a vaulted 
roof, finely carved screen and pulpit, 
and obtusely pointed aiches. The 
Cibtffer still reteins aU the beauty of its 



100 



CBAMFIELD—CSATSAM. 



mnlting and dcUrate tracerv. It is now 
used as a conaervatoiy. The liall, or 
refectory, a 28 ft. high and 55 ft. long, 
lighted b; 4 lat^e Todor vrindows ; 
W. of it are the itaie aparlmentt, de- 
Bigned b; Inigo Jonea ; the most re- 
markable of tjiese are the dtning-room 
and dmvting-Toom, both with elabo- 
rate and beantiful ceiling The 
grand itaireaie JB much adimred. It 
leads to the eahon, a aoble loom 50 ft. 
long and 28 ft high. In the pathia 
a lake well stored vith flsh, and WTeral 
aid trees, particnlarl^ a cedar of Leba- 
non of remarkable size. 

Leiglt Houm (Honle; Cornieh, Esq.), 
on the hill-sida oppo«te Ford, is a fine 
old Elizabethan manaion, a perfect 
eiample of the period. 

Oiarfleld (Gloncest), Stat. 
Midi. Bly, is in an interesting neigb- 
bourbood. 2 m. £. is Walbm-mider- 
Edge (see), and 2 m. W. is TartaorOi 
Court (Earl Dncie), in a most pic- 
tuiesqae park. Near the hones ie the 
Tortworth clieilnut tree, the oldeat and 
largest in England, and mentioned aa 
a boundary ti«e in the reign of King 
Stephen. The Ck. (rebuilt) has mo- 
numents in cinque-cento to the Throck- 
mortoDS, and a por^it in stained glaaa 
of Edw. IV. The district ja most in- 
teresting to the geologist — a Silurian 
upthrow from beneath the oolite and 
new red. It is rich in silurion fossils. 

Ch*blton, aee Woohoich, 

CHARLiroN KiMGS, 866 Cheltenham. 

Charltom-om-Diwoor, see Oxford 
(Eicurs.). 

Charhoutdi, see Ijyme Regit. 

CHiHTDAM, see CanterhitTj/. 

Chartley, see Stafford. 

Chatbdrn, see Cliiheroe. 

Chatham (Kent). Stat. Lon- 
don, Chatham, and Dover itly. 20 m. 
by road from London, boie: The 
Mitre ; Sun ; latter close to the Pier, 
at which tho steamers to and from 
Sheeiness and Sonthcnd touch. The 
town consists mainly of one bustling 
street (about 2 ra. long). The military 
lines sdid fortifications divide it into 
two parts — the old town and Old and 
Xew Brompton. The principal attnic- 
lions are the Doiicyari (to be seen by 
application at entrance gate), Barraeke, 



Coieuiet Pmon, and HotpitaU. The 
Dockyard is one of the most im- 
portant eatabliahments in the kingdom, 
and vaat additions are being made to 
it. A number of outlying detached 
forte are in course of oanstmction, and 
when theae are completed the fortress 
defending the Dockyard will rank as 
one of the first in England. The Gun 
Wharf, adjoining the Dockyard, con- 
taina a large park of artillery. The 
prineipal Barracla eitend along the 
side of the rivra Medway, and contain 
accommodation tormoreUianSOOO men, 



Mary's has accommodation for 2000 
convicts, most of whom are employed 
in the Dockyard extension works and 
in brickmaking. Fori Fiil, on the 
hill overlooking Ihe town, contains a 
well arranged military hospital. At 
the foot of Fort Pitt is Si. Sartholo- 
mevi'e Ilotpiial, founded 12th cent 
The Meljrate Naval Hof^tal is a fine 
building, situated in a hue with Chat- 
ham Banacks. The Lotk Ho^ilal, 
also an imposing building, ia in the 
Mflidstone road. 

f/pnor Caetle, opposite the Docks, 
waa originally erected for the pro- 
tection of the Arsenal, It was Mim- 
bnrded by Van Tromp in the reign of 
Charles II,, and has been until re- 
cently used for storing ganpowder. 
The Royal Engineers have an esta- 
blishment at Upnor for building pon- 
toons ; and at the Oilllngham end of 
the Docks H.M.S. ' Hood ' is stationed, 
and is used aa a school fbr instruction 
in the use of torpedoes. 

Srompton, a hamlet in GJllingham 
parish, 18 completely enveloped in the 
continnons and extensive fortified 
Linei constructed for the defence of 
the Dockyard and Oun Wharf. These 
lines, which are of unusual merit, in- 
close a superb naval hospital, banracks 
for the Royal Moriuc Light Infantry, 
barracks and hospital for tlie line, 
which aETord accommodation for4000 or 
5000 men, and barracks (with fine me- 
morial arch) for the Royal Engineers. 
The models and tools of the latter corpa 
merit a minnte inspection ; and a day 
seldom rasacs on which some inter- 



CHAT8W0BTB—CREADLE. 



eettug field operatioa may not be wil- 
neesed. The Model-room and Lectare- 
Ikeatre are on the S. side of the bar- 
lack aqiiare. Tbo JUuseum is 
daily from a to 5, on introduction by 
an officer of the garriBon. 1 m, E, 
of Brompton is the village of Gilting- 
ham, famous for its cherry-sacdena. 

ChaMn-<»rth (Derby.), 3 u. 
from Rovfsley Stat. Midi. BIy. lomni- 
bus), and 4. m. (3 m. by the bridle- 
road over Bow Ciobb) from BokeweJl 
StaL Good AotebatBoivsley (*Peacock), 
and at Edensor CCbatgwortb Hotel, 
wheto tickets for flshiog may be had), 
in the Park, only f m. from the house. 
The Park is open to visitora every 
day, and the }iouEe between 11 A.1I. 
and i P.u ; on Saturd^s no admission 
after 1 f.u. ; closed on Sundays. ChaU- 
worth, " the Palace of the Peak," scat 
of tbe Duke of Devonshire, is con- 
rideied the finest mansion in England, 
and stands in a beautiful and moat ex- 
tensive park, and on the bank of the 
Derwenti which is crossed by a bridge 
ornamented witli statuei by Gibber. 
On 1. is moated tower called Mivnft 
Boieer, where the Q. of Scota passed 
tnnch of her time. In courtyard ia a. 
weeping aih, brought aa a fiul-grown 
tree from Derl^, 2* m. The following 
are tbe principal rooms, which are 
snpeib in their ornamentation and ait 
treasurea, and particularly in tbe car- 
Tings of Oriiiiing Gilibone. Sub-halt. 
— Teaaelated pavement, and painted 
eeiling, after Guidife Aurora. Great 
Hall. — Paintings by Ferrio and La- 
guerre ; subject of the ceiling, tbe Apo- 
theosis of Jnlius Ctesar. Corridor. — 
Swiss viewa. Chapel. — Altar-piece by 
Verrio, Incredulity of Thomas : sta- 
tues of Faith and Hope, by Oblier ; 
carvings by Qibbons. The altar is of 
malachite. Sketch GaUery. — Includes 
worki of if. Angelo, Leonardo da 
Vinci; figure of St. Paul preaching, 
Saohael ; Portrait of himielf, Titian ; 
Henry VII. and VIII., iroIb«n; Van- 
dyel^e sketch-book, &c. South GaiL — 
8t. John in the Wilderness, Titian ; 
Infant Bavlnnr, L. da Vinci ; Presenta- 
tion in tbe Temple, Jean Mabvxe (a 
very curiona picture) ; Consecration 
i4 S-i- Beckett,/. Van Ey<^; Holy 



Family, MariUo ; Woman taken in 
Adultery, P. Veronete ; Convent cha- 
pel, Granet (fine eflect of CTening 
light). SlaU Bootiu (S. bont).— Ex- 
quisite carvinga by Gibhoai, and es- 
pecially hia celebrated lace cravat; 
coronation tbronea of Geo. III. and 
Will. IV^ by WaUon. Mmic Boom. 
— Colleotion of mioeralt Old State 
I>rainno-roo)n.— Malachite cloak given 
by an Emperor of Buasia ; carved net 
and game, by Gibbont. Private Draw- 
ing-TOom, — Pictures (not shown). 
Billiard flooni,— Bolton Abbey, Land- 
leer ; Boy opeulng Gate, CoUin* ; ceil- 
ing by TTioriihiU. Tbe Library is not 
ahown. A'eio Dining-room. — line col- 
lection of portraits by Vandyek, viz. 
A. Goodwin; his daughter; the Earl 
of Devonshire. Countess of Devon- 
shire, 0. Honlbonl ; ohamiing pieces 
of Carrara marble by Weetmaeott 
and Serier. Nem Sc^pture Gallery. — 
Statue of Madame Letitia, mother of 
Napoleon, Canoua ; Venus with the 
Apple, Thorwaldeea ; Spinning Girl, 
SiAadovi; End^ion Asleep, (SiKma ; 
Night and Morning, Thorwiddten ; The 
Quoit-player, Ketielt : in a vase are 
(Nova's chiaul, modol-atick, pen and 
glove. Tbe Orangery. — The garden* 
(80 acree), in antique style : notice 
the glass wall for acaciaa. &c., and the 
superb lotaferia ; tbe rAodoiierufron and 
aialea grounds. The Arboretum (40 
acres). The Comervalori) (the largest 
private one in tbe vrorld), built by (be 
late Sir Joteph Paxfon, the deaigner of 
tlie Crystal Palace; a carriage-road 
runs round the interior, which is 276 
by 12B ft. At the back of the house 
ia a colossal flight of steps, anrmounted 
by a Temple, forming part of a vast 
system of water-works and fountains. 
The great Fountain plays to the height 
of267ft. There is also an iron viiioiD, 
every branch of which ia a pipe. The 
KUdieO'aardene require a special order, 
and BO does tbe yea Holland Soaee, 
and that for the VicUiria Begia, or 
royal water-lily, which is in a tank 
Hi ft. in diam. (For places of interest 
near Cbatsworth see Sheffield— En- 

'"cheadle (etatf.)-Stat. L.* N. 
W. find Ches, lines (/iin ; Hoyal OakJ 



CHEDDAM—GHELa^FORD. 



—U » small town very pictureaqnaly 
Bituftted. There ia a votj fine H. C. 
Ch., by Puffin, at the ooet (120,0001.) 
of the E. of Shrewsbury ; it ie snpeibl; 
deooTSited- See the triptych altar-piece 
in the Lady Chapel, representing the 
Passion, ftud the ohancel amh pouted 
by Eaiuer of Bome^ lepresentiiig the 
I^st Judnneni 

Cheddar (Somerset.). Stat. 
G. W. Rly. (on the line &om Yatton 
b> Wella). Jniu : Bath Aims ; Ktaf^s 
Aims. This plaoe is ^mous Cor &e 
neighbonring clifft and eavena. The 
richi gtass-rarma in the n^ghbourhood 
have been famoos ttma an early period 
for the Cheddar dteetes. 

The Ch. ia a good example of the 
SomersetBhiie type, with a stately 
tower and groined bel&y. 

The Tillage extends to the entranoe 
of the ravine, where the rooks hang 
grandly over (he pass. Opposite Mr. 
Cox's hotel (King's Arms) U the Chedr- 
dar canem, aeoidentally disoovered by 
him In 1S37: U. a head is charged 
for showing its wonders. The oave 
is narrow uid of small size, bat qoile 
a fairy world : in every port it la 
crowded by fantastic flgnres, the in- 
sensible growth of ages, atill nonrUhed 
by the dripping water. 

Several caverns of larger size are 
ahown by the women who offer their 
services to viritors aa gnidea, bnt they 
are mere gloomy vanlCa in the hill- 
side. 

A carriage-road, made in ISOl, 
leada throagh the pass of the Cheddar 
diffs. The entrance ia more grand 
than might be expected fVom the 
character of the hills ; the motmtain 
limeatone riain? abruptly in towering 
precipices, whilst from a cavern at 
their foot the Cheddar water rushes in 
a torrent. The finest portion of the 
scenery ia included in the first \ m,, 
in which, a cliff riaes vertically on the 
rt., and directly from the path of the 
speotatto', to an elevation of 429 ft. 
As the Toad proceeds, its barriers 
grsdnaliy open ont, and the dark bine 
precipioes are succeeded by slopes of 
turf. The chasm is about a roile ia 
length, and preaenta nnmerons fine 
■Indies of rooks md caverns. The 



nanal mode of seeing the difis may be 
reversed by scaling the bill, and en- 
tering the ravine at ita nppei part, 
descending npon the grander and mote 
romantic portions of &e defile. Mines 
of lead and ealamiae hare been worked 
on the Mendip hills from the time of 
the Belgie, The ISsndip laad^mine 
may be viaited in a walk of about 2 m. 
The aummit of Slack Down (1100 ft) 
rises at a short distance to the N. of 
the mine, and commands a moat ex- 
tensive and beautiful view. The 
route, 8 m., to WeUi proceeds along 
foot of tlie Mendips. 

Chedzot, see Bridgiealer. 

Chelwoeton, see Afford (Derby). 

Chelmsford (Easex), Stat 
Gt East. Rly., 29^ m. from London. 
Imu; Saracen's Head; Bell; Lion 
and Lamb. This, the county-town, 
stands at the junction of the Can 
with the Chelmer, &om which lat- 
ter river it derives its name. At 
<me end of Higb-street ia the BMre 
AiC, with 1 louic pilasters on a 
basement sterey ; bnilt 1792. Behind 
it ia £L Mary'i Ch.. with a massive 
tower, and body chiefly modem ; what 
retoains of the old walls is almost en- 
tirely Ferp. (1424). Thereisaourious 
doable arch in the N. vrall of the 
chanoel, whioh has been considered 
unique. At the Free Bduxt, endowed 
by Bdw. VI., were brought up Phile- 
mon Holland, b. 1551, translator of 
Livj, &c., and Ch.-JuBt. Tindat, both 
natives. A bronze statue of the latter, 
by Bailey, haa been oreotad in front of 
tie Shtre HaJl. The Mitieum, in New 
Bridge-street, contains a library of more 
than 3000 volumes, fossils, and ob- 
jects in natural history, antiquitiee, 
and weapons discovered in the neigh- 
boarhood, and a fine oollection of 
shells. Open daily at 12. The Pott 
Office is in High-street At WriOle, 21 
m. S.W., is a moat, said to have encircled 
a palaoe of King John. The carions 
small chantries and font in Ch, de- 
serve notloB. WritUa Fork is a fine 
Elizabethan mansion. At Broomfield 
Vicarage, 2 m. N., ia preserved a Bible 
which belonged to Ohailes T. Groat 
Baddoin, 1} m. S.K, is me of tho 
hAudsomeat and pleasantcsl villages 
i 



CHELMSFORD— CEELTENBAM. 



ia Esses. Danbury Hilt, 5 ra. from 
Great Boddov, is the bigfaest land in 
Easex, and commanda a noble rieir. 
The so-called Danieh Camp is on iU 
Bammii, and incluJes the Ch. The 
bdldingiB for the moat part B. E, and 
Dec., a^ was restored in IS4T and Bub- 
■eqnent years. The details deserve 
DOtioe. The lanes which climb to- 
vsrds the high ground of Danbury 
ate deep, ferny, and almoat as pio- 
tuieeqtie aa those of DeTonehire. A 
broken, heathy summit below the main 
hiUiscalled"fh«Bodne^." Fineviews 
are commanded from it. About t m. 
nearer Chelmsford. W. of Daubuiy 
Hill, is Doniury Flace, a modem Eli- 
zabethan mandon, since 1847 tbe reai- 
drace of the Bishop of Kocbeater; 
1) m. 8. of Danbory are the ruins of 
Suhnacre Priory. Boreham Hovte 
(Sir J, P. Tyrell. Bart.) is ebout 3J m. 
from Chelmsford. The fcmiiy traces 
its descent from Waller Tyrell, the 
snppoBed " slayer " of William Bnfns. 
The Ch. is very interesting and de- 
serves examination. It shows traces 
of Sbxoe architecture in the lower part 
of the tower. JTeio EaU (aow a E. C. 



building of Tudor age and architectore, 
and is of interest owing to its former 
great owners, whidi inolndod Georf^ 
Villierfl C1620) and Oliver Cromwell. 
Pleihy, of considerable historit&l in- 
ttwat, is 8 m. N.W. Here Richard II. 
commenced bis schemes for Ihe murder 
of the Dnke of Qlouoester; and, in 
retaliation for this crime, the half- 
brother (Sir John Holland) of the 
£lng was beheaded, 1100. Nothing 
remains of the Caetle except a brick 
btii^ which i!Ommunic*ted with the 
E^p on the Mmini. The tooriat can 
pnx^ed from here to Danmme, 7 m. 

Witham June., for Colchester, Ips- 
wich, Ac, and with branchoSj rt to 
Uablon, and 1. to Kainttee, is 9 m. 
from Chelmsford. 

Ghelstteij), see Chidehunt. 

Ohblswoeth, see LoTig Melford. 

CbelteDhnm (Glouoeatei.). 
fitata. G. W. and Midland Klya. 
Jniu .- 'Plough, High-street ; Queen's, 
top of the PromoQade ; Bellevue ; 



The LanadowD, "a private hotel;" 
Boyal; Fleece. An old-established 
inland wotering-plaoe, which has of 
late yean become a great educational 
centre. It is situated in the vale of 
Qbncestor, and in a basin at the foot 
of the oolite range of the Colswolds, 
and &0D1 its mild air aad chalybeate 
waters is in great favour with invalids 
and Anglo-Indians, though rather 
relaxing to some constitutions. It is 
iotereected by the High-street, 2260 
yards in lengui. " The Promenade,^ 
leading at right angles f^om this 
afreet, afforda a pleasant walk for 
--^-^-■-TS, The walks are shaded 
of trees, and the footway 
iH » a distance from the houses, 
which extend the entiro line of the W. 
ade of the street. The Montpelier 
pumproom, a rotunda built in 1826, 
adjoins the promenade and colonnade. 
Its dome is 52 fL in diameter, and the 
apartment is used for concerts, balls, 
&c. The gardens on the opposile side 
of tbo road are open to sabsdibers to 
the Spa. 

At " The A$ienibly Boomi," in High- 
street, erected 1816, public and sub- 
scription balls bike place on each 
Monday between October t and April, 

On the N. side of High-street, ap- 
proached through Winchcombnstceet, 
ia PilUnOe, a suburb built, 1825-28, 
^ the late Jos. Pitt, Esq., M.P. Tha 
Pump-room, a splendid edifice, bos a 
flnelv-proportioned dome, 70 It. in 
height, and is surronnded by a colon- 
naiM 20 fL wide. It is situate amid 
beautiful gardens, which are open to 
Hubacribersonly. Musical Promenades 
during sumjner three days a week. 
Frequent Fetes, Flower Shows, &c., 
held here and at the Montpeliei G)ar- 

The springs are chalybeate, com- 
posed of aperient salts, sulphate of 
soda, magnesiB, and of oxide of iron, 
held in solution by carbonio acid. 
They are found efScacious in diseases 
of tne liver, dyspepsia, and in com- 
plaints arising from the debilitating 
effects of hot climates. 

TheoW Cftureft (restored), erectedin 
the 14th cent, is crudform, and noted 
for its rose-window in N. l^nsept. 



104 



CHELTENHAM— CHEPSTOW. 



There are 9 other chnichea, chiefly 
of modem Qothio, and of no archi- 
tectural pretensioos. 

The iBomikn Catholic Ch. ia a fine 
cruciform structure, iu the Dec. etjle, 
with a loftj spire at its N. end. 

There are two ^ooi clube. One 
of them, the New Cbib, a. very fine 
building in Imper ial-iquare. aud fiLClng 
the Fromenade on S.E. aide, hal been 
erected at a coat of 20,0001. A Winter 
Garden and Skating Rink are being 
establiahed near it. 

The PropriHary CoOege, in tlie 
Bath road, was opened aa a achool 
in 1844, and haa since enjoyed a de- 
servedly high reputation. 

Near it ia Tkirlettam Houee, erected 
by Mr. Scott, at an outlay of St.OOOI., 
in the Ionic atyle. The rooms now 
contain tlte valnabla ai)d extensive 
library of the late Bic Thoa. PhilUps, 
Bart 

The galleries, forming the E. iring, 
are filled with a choice collection of 
mintinga by early maalera aud alao 
by modem artists. 

2i m., 1, on the toad to Evesham, 
ia SouOmm Houk, the oldest residential 



other in the kingdom. It is of timber 
and stone, temp. Hen. VII. The '" 
terior has been restored. 

From Leekltampbtn Hili. 2 m., 
obtained a auperb view over the Vale 
of Bevem and S. Welah billa. The 
oolite quarries of IVeestone are rich in 
fbasils. Extend this cicursion to, 6 m., 
Birdlfp HiU (aee GUmeealer). 

At GKarlton Kinga (2 m. from Chel- 
tenham) a new Church, built at the 
expense of C. E. Higga, Eaq., in the 
Qoometrical Dec. style, waa opened 
in 1871. Great taste bos been laviahed 
upon it, and it contains much good 
sculpture. In the chulchyard of the 
palish ehurch ia a very flno cross of 
15th cent. date. Thence, i m., to 
Seven Springs, There the Thamea ia 
populaTly anpposed to rise, but. in 
leuitj, the Bouroe of tbe Chum which 
nuB wto the Thames. 

At BIoibM Park (Eail of EldonX 
9^m. on the roadto Bnrford, a Roman 
vulawasdiscovaredinlSM, un<kTthe 



Chedaorth Wooda. This historic relio 
has been rescued from oblivion by the 
liberality of the Earl of Eldon. It 
coDSlEla of twenty chambers commnni- 
cating with a corridor of great extent. 
"" ' ' 'ed pavements are in good 
I, and sbow a bean^ of 
aesign ana elegance of form and 
colour equal to any yet discovered in 
this country. Tho original walla are 
standing to a height of 4 ft. In the 
immediate neighhonrhood of the villa 
are the foun&tbns of two temples, 
one round and tbe other square. Sub- 
atantial buildings have been erected by 
Lord Eldon to protect these remaiua 
front the weather, in which every ob- 
ject of interest that has been discovered 
la arranged and clasaified. There is a 
reaidenoe for a cniator (Hr. Joachim), 
Duder whoae superintendence these in- 
teresting remaina can be inspected, 

Win^eombe (see), for Sudeley CaitU, 
&e., is 7 m. distant. 

Tmnketbary (see) ia 2 m. from Aih- 
ahurch Slat. 

Cbknies, see Am^rtham. 



27 m. from Gloueetter, and easily ac- 
cessible from BHtlol, via New Passage 
and Portakewit Juno. ; also rail (Wye 
Valley) to Monmouth (about 1 hr.). 
Inm: (none recommended) Bcaufbrt 
Aitns ; George. Is most picturesquely 
situated on W. bank of the Wye, 
about 2t m. from its ccmfluence with 
tbe Severn; and is connected with 
county of Gloucester by (in addition 
to the railway viaduct) a handsome 
bridge of 5 aiohea, from which beau- 
tiful views may ba gained. The CtutU, 
an object of great iatereat for the 
tourist, WBB originally founded soon 
after the Conqueat. but the existing 
remains are probably temp. Edw. I.- 
IIX (1272-1377) with later additions. 
It is divided into four Courts, each 
with separate defences, one being 
tho formidable cliff overhanging the 
river, on edge of which the N. mill ia 
built la the first Court are the offloea. 
including the kib^n. On L ia a very 
fine dnun tower, where Henry Marten, 
who signed the death warrant of 
Charles I., was conflned for twenty 



CBEPSTO W—CHEBTSEY. 



105 



yEUB. In an npper storey ia an 
Toatoiy <£ aingnlar beantj. The ae- 
oond Court is now a garden, and 
beyond it risea the raigioal Nona. 
Keep, the oldest pail of the work. 
In the third Court the remains cf 
a onoe magnificent hall may be ex- 
plored. The fourth Court ie a kind ot 
outwork, which is reached by a nunio 
wooden bridge formerly connected, 
prob^y, by a drawbridge. 

ExamioM.—Bj tooA, or boat, to 
tbeTT^ni^i/ and TmUm Abbey (5 m.). 
On reaching the Wyndeiif (3 m.), tbe 
tonrist should quit the kmA. and moke 
for tbe summit (900 ft. above the river), 
which displays one of the most remark- 
able and beautiful views in England, 
not aorpassedia grandeur by any other 
riTer scene in Europe. Zigzag paths 
through the magnificently - wooded 
slopes lead to tbe Mmi Cottage (re- 
freshments); thcDce it is 2 m. to 
Tiniem Abbey, the most romantic ruin 
in Britain, the property of the Duke 
of 'Beaufort, It was fouuded 1131 
for Cistercian moidis, but the exist- 
ing dL woa not completed till 156 
Jtala later, lis architecture is a tran- 
sition Irom E.E. to Dec. style, and the 
carvings etitl preserved exhibit foliage 
of most elaborate execution. Its lengtli 
is 228 ft., and height 70 ft. The roof 
is gone, but the walla are entire. On 
the otfKDsite bank of tbe river a plea- 
sant walk np the hills leads to tbe 
DeeU't PidpU, commanding a fine 
-view of the Wye. From the village 
of Tiniem (*BeaufoTt Arms Hotel) it 
is 10} m. to MomaouSi, passing, 3 m., 
the pretty little village of Lland/i^o. 
The tourist ahould not omit to visit 
QOdecot Cattle, 6} m, horn Chepstow, 
■Old Caeraieat (the Venla Silurum of 
the Romans). IJ m. N, of Caldeeot, 
an important garrison of the Snd 
AoguBtan legion. Considemble fi'ag- 
menla of Uie ancient walls exist. 

Cbesttun (Hants.), see Wincheder. 

Cbkbiton (Seat), see FollcetUiae. 

Chebbt HnjTOB, see Cambridge. 

Chertsey (Surrey), 19 m. from 
London t^ rood, and a Slat., 22i m,. 
on. the Cliertsey and Virginia Water 
Branch of the L. 4 S.W. BIy. Iim»: 
The Swan, Windeor-Btreet ; Crown, 



London-street, good ; Bridge Hotel 
(most convenient for anglers and boat- 
ing men), on banks of river, IJ m. fhwn 
station. Tbe town is pleasantly situ- 
ated on the rt bank of the Thome*. 
It was celebrated in former times for 
its abbey, and is still distingniihed as 
the last retreat of the poet Covlm, 
and by the vicinity of St, Anne's HiU, 
the favourite residence of the states- 
man Fox. 

Of the once stately abbey bnildinga 
few vestiges remain. A lane beyond 
the parish ch. leads direct to the 
abbey bridge crossing the little abbey 
river, where will be found the frag- 
ment of an areb, which, with the wall 
iu which it stands, and portions of a 
large bam oppositeL serve to mark the 
locality of the monastery. The site is 
now occupied by a market-garden. 

CoaUg Houte (C. J. Worthing- 
ton, Esq.), the house in which Cowley 
spent his last days, is on the W. eify 
of GuildTord-street, nair the rail way sta- 
tion. One or two wainscoted cbambeni 
yet remain much oa when he dwelt here, 
as do also the poefs study, a small 
closet with a view mefldow-ward to 
St. Anne's Hill, and the room, over- 
looking the lOad, in which he died. 
In the garden ia a fine group of trees, 
including a horse-chestnut of great 
size and beauty, "beneatli whose 
shadow the poet freqnently aat." Nei- 
ther the house nor grounds can be seen 
withoat special leave. 

Chertety Bridge (Bridge Hotel) is 
nearly } m. E. of tiia town. By it are 
broad green meadows, and the river 
affords some good trout, perch, and 
jack fishing. CUerUeg i>ee« extends 
from the weir to 80 yds. E. of the 
bridge. Tlie CridieteTi, Bridge-road, 
ia the anglera' inn. 

From Cliertsey there ore pleasant 
walks in oil direclions, and on every 
side stately domaius and handsome 
villas. 

£C ilnnt'a HiU, famous for ita view 
and as the residence of Ch. Jas. Fox, is 
Im.N.W.offlierailwayBtation. Tate 
the road W, (the first on the 1.) from 
the station, to GoMen Grove, where the 
rood divides ; here ascend the rl.-henii 
road, and J m. up on the left, is Fos's 



106 



CHERTSET—CHESHUNT. 



houBe, and opposite to it, on 'tho rt, 
the wicket wliich gives access to Uie 
summit of the hill. Golden Grove is 
a little country inn on rt, to be hnown 
by the grand old elm ittmdii^ in front 
of it. The Mm is a long, insulated 
mass, rimn^ 240 ft bota the tiver 
plain. It IB inclosed, wooded to the 
summit, and the wa^ are carefollj 
kept ; but every part is open to the 
public, and seeta aie placed at the best 
points of view. The prospects from the 
summit and sides are varied and beaa- 
tifnl. Thoptesentnameisderivedftom 
a chapel dedicated to St. Anne, erected 
on (tie hill by the monks of Chertaey 
Abbey about 1331. Nothing remains 
of this chapel except a mere Fragment 
of wail behind " View Point" St. 
Anne's Hill is now the seat of Lady 
HoUand. 

At OOertliaw, 2 m. 3. from Chertsey, 
is a handsome Ch. and patsnutge. 
erected by Bir G. G. Boott. at the 
co«t of Sir T. G. Colebrooke, Bart., 
whose fine seat, OHariflnw Pari, lies 
' a little further B, 

Cheseau. see AmertJiam. 

Ctaeshnnt (Harts.), 13 m. irom 
London by road, and 16 m. by the Gt 
E. Bly. (Hertford line). Intie: Green 
Dragon, Church Gate ; Woolpack, 
Cheahunt-street ; Four Swans, Walt- 
ham Cross. 

The village stretches N. fam Wal- 
tham Cross for 3 m. on both sides of 
the Cambridge rood. The I<ca river, 
which divides Herts from Esses, bounds 
it on the E., and between the Lea Euid 
the Cambridge rood the Lea and Stort 
NavigfttioB and the Gt. B. Ely. ran 
almost parallel, whilst the W. side of 
the parish is traversed by the New 
Eiver; and here Uie New ffiver Com- 
pany have vast Kserroirs whicti store 
7<i million gallons of water. 

Cheshnnt proper, or Chwdt Qale 
(i.e. Church-^FSel), is above ) m. from 
the main road W. of Turner's Hill. 
The badness section lies along Ibe 
high mad, and is known as Cheehaitl- 
dreef. Here are the Old Nmieria of 
Messrs. Paul, celebrated for the pro- 
duction of roses, which will well repay 

Of the manor-bouee of St. AndrQws- 



le-Mote a portion remains. It is a plain 
red-brick fabric standing in a meadow, 
ou the rt of GoffVIane, J m. N. of 
the ch., and is known as CAeshunf 
Boute, or the Grsat Souie. A portion 
ia occupied by a Ubonrlng bmily. who 
show it to visitors. The principal 
feature is the Oreal HaO, 37 ft. by 21, 
and 36 ft. high. It has an open tim~ 
ber roofj panelled wainscot walla, and 
marble floor, and contains several pOT- 
traits, old weapons, sails of armour, 
an early harpaicnord, and other objects. 

T)tedbald» Park (Aid. James Cotton, 
M.P.), ft good red-briek mansion (1765- 
70), stands on rising ground abont IJ m. 
S.W. of the site of the polaoe, built 
1S60 and following years by Elizabeth's 
bmouB minister, William Cecil, after- 
wards Lord Burleigh. 

Ceoll's bouse was a stately struc- 
ture, containing chambers and gal- 
leries of great splendour. Here he 
entertained the Queen twelve times 
at ^eat coat. 

'Ihe first Earl of Salisbury, Bur- 



Theobalds, and entertained James I. 
here for four days (May 1603). Three 
years later James was again here, and 
BO delighted was he with the place that 
he persoaded the Esrl to exchange it 
with him for Hatfield — the present seat 
of the Marquess of Salisbury, the 
lineal descenaant of the owner of Theo- 
balds, (fiee Ealjield.) 

The present park proper ia only 
aboQt 200 acres, but the inclosed estate 
is very eitcnsive : there are roads and 
walks through it hom Enfleld Chase 
to Choshunt Ch., and also &om Walt- 
ham Cross. 

Gort Oak, ft hamlet U ro. WJ^.W. 
of CEesbunt Ch., Is so named fhim 
a funouB oalc which stands at the 8. 
edge of Cboshunt Common, and in 
front of a little country ion named 
after it To reach GoflTs Oak take 
the Btst lane (GcfT's-lane) on the 1. 
post (N. of) Oie ch., and continue 
along it for about 1} m. From Goff's 
Oak there are cbanning walks H. by 
Cheshunt Common towards Wormley, 
1} m.. beyond Cheshunt, and 1 ra. S. 
by W. from Broibourne Stat, Gt E. 
Blj. ; S. by Enfield Chase and Theo- 



IwldB tovarda Ertfleld; and W. br 
Northaw Great Wood to Northaw and 
Fottei'B Bar, where is a station oa the 
Gt. N. Ely. 

Chester (Cheshire). 179 m. from 
Enstoa-sqnftM, rid Orewe ; and inoluded 
io L. BTid N. W." North Wales New 
Ciicolar Toot. The station serves »a 
a oentTal point for the Shrewsbury, 
Holyhead, Ciewa, McJd, Birkenhead, 
and Hancheeter lines, inns: "Queen, 
at the station; "Grosrenor, centre 
of tbe city. An ancient and very 
interesting city on the Dee, built 
in form of a quadrant. A pleasant 
walk oT 2 ID. is affctded by the vmUi, 
one ot its meet peculiar features, from 
which there are fine views of the 
Ctwydian Hills, the plains of Oheshire, 
the Dee, the hills of Beeston, &c. 
The Phcaiix Tovkt, between which 
and the E. and N. gatea are remains 
ct Boman masonry; the Wat^ ToiBer 
at N.W. angle ; Boaietddetlhora^i 
Toieer, Xorgan't Ttoaid, near N. gale, 
and Pflnjurjon'f Parlour, deserve to be 
specially noted. AnoUier pecidiar 
Eeatnre of the city is the Bmri, a sort 
of arcade formaa by cutting away the 
{ronts of t^e tot-floor rooms of tbe 
bonses ; the most reaorted to are those 
of Eaateate and Bridge-atreet ; dbt. 
also, for their ancieat carving and 
plaster-work (of 16th and 17th oent), 
"God's Providence House," Bp. Lloyd's 
Hooae, and Stanley Palace, ell in 
Wfttei^te-atreet ; and an ancieni inn, 
the Falcon, in Bridge-etreet ; where 
also WHS discovered in 1830. on pre- 
mises of Messrs. Powell and Kdwaida, 
a crypt with B,-E. doorway; in same 
street may be seen, in a cellar be- 
lot^ng to a news-agent's shop, an 
hypocaust and renmina of a Roman 
sweating bath: in Eastgate-street, 
another crypt, with gi>od B.-E. groined 
roof, was deared in 1S58. 

The Ca^iedral (re-opened on com- 
pletion of restoration of interior. Aug, 
l$7_e) called after 8t. Werbnrgh, and 
dating &om 12th oent. is a vener- 
able pile of new red sandstone; it 
is chiefly of rich Perp.. and consists 
of nave, with side aides, transepts, 
choir. Lady Chapel, and central tower; 
the S. tn^sept is striking for its ex- 



■>TEB. 107 

oeedine length; the interior of the 
nave was mured by having a wooden 
roof instead of a vaulted stone oue^ 
but a handsome ceiling in Kiidned 
oak has been added; see in N. ^le 
monument to Capt J. M. Napier; 
the choir. 7S ft. high, and 125 ft long, 
has rich labemncle work, with choice 
misererea, from the organ loft to the 
Biiho^i Throne, originally pedestal for 
the shrine of Bt. Werburgh ; on one 
of the finely-carved stall-ends is de- 
lineated the Boot of Jesse. The old 
bishop's throne was adwned with 
small images, supposed to represent 
the Mints and kings of Mercia ; ttke 
Lady Chapel, restored IS71, has some 
good memorial and E.-E. windows ; 
in N. transept is monument of Bp. 
Pearson ; the S. transept is used aa 
parish church of St. Oswald ; in S. 
aisle of ehoir is an altar-tomb, aeoibed 
to Henry IV., Emperor of Qennany; 
also three coffin-lids, with whed 
crosses, marking borial-places of three 
abbots ; on outer N. wall of the nave 
are some tombs, where the early Nor- 
man abbots were interred ; in N. tran< 
sept is curious needlework picture, 
representing Elymas the Soicerer ; the 
most interesting part of the whole edi- 
fice is the CnapleT-room, which has 
hoautiful E.-E. windows and pillan; 
the Ijibrary is placed in it ; the iMs- 
lers are of good Perp. work and in 
&ir preservation. The B. side has 
recently been rebuilt from a design by 
Sir Gilbert Scott; opening from the 
W. is vaulted Norman chamber, sup- 

Sorted by massive pillars ; it is thought 
y some to have been a Promptoarium 
or buttery, by others, an entertun- 



llth cent, and lately restored), out- 
side the city walls, may be reached by 
New Gate, or St Jalin's-street, and u 
of great interest for the antiiinary, as a 
splendid example of Noiman architec- 
ture ; note specially Early Norman piL. 
lars and arches, with E.-E. trifonum 
and clerestory, separating nave from 
aislea ; also m Chapel to S. of com- 
mttnion table, a curious medallion and 
skeleton monmnent; from tbe lel/rij. 



CHESTERFIELD— aSESTEB-LB-BTBEET. 



150 ft, and detached from tbe ch., 
there is flue view over city and river; 
onUide E. end are pictnresqtie ruins 
of tlie original chancel oi I,ady Chapel, 
vith exquisite NonuaD and later work. 
The CaeOe is in the Grecian style, 
diieflj used as banacks; the only 
port of the ancient buildini; now teH 
u a square tower, called Cieaar's or 
JoUuB Agrieola'a Tower. Beyond the 
Oastle tile Dee JB crossed by Uie Grot- 
veNor Bridge, noted for wide span of 
its arch (200 ft.) ; from it mav be had 
a flne view of the Soodee or Roodeje, 
the race-gtound on whicb the Chester 
Cup is ran for ; tbe visitor should also 
notioe tbe handsome new Toum Halt 
in Noithgate-strcetj and tbe Mtisia 
Ball, built on site of tbe ancient chapel 
of Bt. Niobotas. 

£Ecur«'ona.— To Baiim SaU (Duke 
of Westminster), one of tbe most mug- 
niflcent seats in Britain; fast ap- 
proaching completion, having been 
almost entirely rebuilt ; and, nnder 
certain restrictions, open to the public ; 
tickets may be procm-ed at hotels and 
bookseller/ shops in Chester. TheHall 
may be reached either by a drive of 
3 m. throngh the Park, through tlje 
Gtoavenor Lodge, near the Grosvenot 
Bridge ; or by water, 6 m. from St. 
John's Ch. ; iu the house are statues 
by Gibson, and paintings by Rubens, 
liely, and others ; and in the beautiful 
gardens a Eoman altar found at Cbos- 
ter.unda Greek sacrificial altar,bronght 
ttoia Delphi. Matcarden, T m., and 
Saloe Caille, 9 m., bolh via Broughtoi 
Stat, (see Haiearden). 

ViitancEi. — Manchester, 40 m. by 
iwl; Crewe, 21 m.; Liverpool, 17 m.; 
Holyhead, 84 m.; Wrexham, 12 m.; 
Flint, 12 m.; Holywell, 17 m. ; St. 
Asaph, 36m.; Denbigb,29m,; Lian- 

SUen, 23in.; Shrewsbury, 42 m.; 
old, 12 m. ; Bangor, 59} m. 
Chesterfleld (Derby.>-glat 
Hidl. Ely. Innt: Station H. ; Angel H. 



colliery district Tbe Ch. 
orucifonu buOding, with nave, aisles, 
choir, and transept and square tower 
at the intersection, surmounted by a 
crtKiHed tpire ■&(} ft, high, which ' 



of the perpendiculaT 6 ft. to the B. 
4 ft 4 in. towards tbe W. See 
the oak tCTien, with figures bearing 
emblems of the Passion ; the fine 
stained glass B, window ; the timber 
roof with heraldic stiields; and the 
font. In Trinity Ch. (modem Gothic) 
is buried George Stephemon, the engi- 
neer, who d. 1848 at Ms favourite re- 
sidence, Taplon House, 1 m. N.E. of 
Chesterfield. His best monomenfis 
his life by SmUei. 

Excartiont. — {a) 6 m. E, to Bolsorer 
CasUe (see) : (6) to Hardwiofc Hall 
(see JMons^fieW). It is a picturesque 
walk of S m. to Baslow, passiog, 
4 m., thioDgh village of Brampton; 
thence, 4 at., by way of Edeosoi and 
Cluxtsicorth, to Bakeaell. 

Cheji*er-le-S4reet (Dor- 

bamS. Btat., nearly midway between 
Doriiam and Newcastle -on - Tyne. 
Jnn : Lumley Arms. A large village, 
supposed to have been tbe Condercum 
of the Bomans. The Ch. of SS. Mary 
and Calhbert (1286) has three objects 
of interest ; (1) the tower, 156 ft liigli 
(including spire), of which lower part 
is E.E,. and the octagonal hinthom 
and toll spire late Dec. of 1400; (2) 
the rude etfigy of St. Outhbert, at W. 
end of S. aisle, said once to have aur- 
monoted his tomb; (3) the N. aisle, 
called the " Ji»fc of Tambi," from the 
chain of fourteen monumental effigies 
of tbe Lumleys (temp. Eliz,). 

About i m. B.. on eminence on 
banks of the Wear, is Lamley CiulU 
(Earl of ScarborongU) ; temp. Edw. L. 
bnt much modernised ; the chief object 
of iutereet in the interior is the Great 
Hall GO ft. by 30, with minstrel gal- 
lery at W. end ; there are family por- 
traits in black frames, and at eai of 
the hall life-size statue of Liulph, the 
Saxon ancestor of tbe boose, on a red 
horse, with Latin couplets below ; four 
nicbee contain marble busts of Edw. 
VI., Mary, Elizabeth, and James L ; 
the Great Ball Boom is a huge and 
gorgeous, though decaying specimen 
of stucco decoration. 

N. of Lnmley Costle, and 2 m. N.E. 
of Chester-le-Slreet, by a pleasant walk 
over the Wear, crof&ed by a fine old 
stone bridge, is Lambton Caille (Eaf I 



CSICEESTER. 



109 



of Durham); the building (seldom 
Bbo^m) is a mixture of Gothic and 
Tudor archiVecture, fiwrn dedgnB of 
Boaoati, and was restored 1865; it 
contains pictures by BeyneicU and 
Lawrence. Fiadtah Jbbey, about 5 ni. 
6., and HoaghtonJe-Bpring, about 
5) m. E., may also be visited &om 
Cnester-le- Street b; road or rail (see 
Durham, Sunderland). 

Chestebtijn, see Cambridge. 

Ckbtwode, see Sw^ngham. 

Cbetelkt, see Nevmtarliet 

CHGVENiNa, see Bevenoalff. 

CHEnNQTONgHee Ban/ St. Edmun^g. 

Chew Gebbn, see Rottibury. 

CHiBBrRH, see Morpeth. 

Chichester (Sasaex)— SUt, 
L. B, * S. 0. Bly.— 1 b». from 
Brigbton, and i hi. from Porlamoath. 
Inn: *[>olpbin, opposite N. side of 
cathedral. A quiet town, and, with 
tbe exception of the catbedi^ and 
the cros^ distingaishGd hj no marked 
aichitectural features. It is the an- 
cient Begnum, and its Boman origin 
is betrayed in its 4 nearly straight 
streets, answering to the points of 
the conqmss, and meeting at the 
haudsome market-cross, E. of the 
cathedral. 

The Calliedral is yery interesting, 
and has ondergone connderable re- 
pairs and restorations since 1S43. The 
original spire feU during r^>airs to 
which the ch. was subjected, Feb. 21, 
' ' ' ' and spire, 



' is through the W. Porch, yety beauti- 
ful E. B. The nave has five aisles, 
a peonliari^ shared by no other 
English cathedral, and the view firom 
the extreme N.E. comer of the N. 
oi^e. looking across the cathedral, 
riioBld be eepecially remarked. Except 

I the outer aisles and root it is good 
Norm. In the usles SgraoeM monu- 
mental tablete by Fbanaaa, including 
tlutt of Collins, the poet, deserve 

In the N. aisle is the flne attar-tomb 
of RvAard Fitcalan, 13th Earl of 
Arundel (1372), and his countess, re- 
stored in 1843. Near it is the tomb of 
i an unknown lady, happily nnrestored. 



and of extreme beauty. It is of the 
best Dec. period. 

The Cbotr, long and narrow (105 ft. 
by 59 ft.), is the original Norm. work. 
It has been fitted with new stalls, a 
new episcopal tfirone, and a new 
reredos, from the designs of Ur. 
Salvin. The pnli^t (1678), style of 
13th cent., is ta memory of Dean Hook. 

The window of the S. traniept ii of 
gruit beauty. It is filled (1ST7) with 
stained glass &Tim Mnnicb. The paint- 
ings by Bemardi (1519) in this tran- 
sept are remarkable. His portraits of 
the line of bishops are now in N. tran- 

'" ancient Comidory Oourt, over 
porch, is entered by a spiral 
staircase close without the transept. 
late Perp., and contains the 
original president's cbair, which de- 
servej attention ; a eliding door opens 
from it into the " LoJlards' dungeon." 

Observe in the B. aisle, E. end 
S. wall, 2 sculptured slabs of vary 
unusual character, probably early 
Norm., removed from Selsey. 

The Preibytciy, E. of the high altar, 
is Trans, and peculiar. The central 
columns, with detached shafts, are 
perhaps unique. The bosses of the 
vaultiog ribs should be noticed, es- 
pecially an extrooidinaty compositioa 
of 6 human fiMses near the 8. aisle. 

The cathedral terminates to the E. 
in the Lady Chapel, restored and 
thrown open to the ch., the ChapUr 
Library/ having been removed else- 

The CUniteri, entered from tbe 8. 
aisle of the nave, are Ferp., and tbeii 
wooden roof deserves notice. Observe 
also the E.-E. porch through whioh 
the cathedral is entered from them. 
They should bo walked round for the 
sake of the exterior views of the 
cathedral to be obtained from them. 

The Bithop'i Falace opens from the 
W. end of the cloisters. At the S. E. 
angle of the cloisters is the CKapd of 
8t. Faith, founded early in the 14th 
cent. It is now a dwelling-honso, 
distinguished only by two heavy but- 

The BeH Tower, or Campanile, on 
the N.W. side of the cathedral, ia 



110 



CHIOBESTER. 



Perp. of tlie 13th cent. It is the onlj 
Kogliah example of a detached belb? 
adjoining a cathedral, although Uiere 
are many instances of it in perish 
churches. 

The Market Cron, at the meetiiig of 
the i streets, wa^ completed aboat 
1500, and m the nork of Sp. Storj. 

St. Mary's Hospital is an interesting 
building iying a short distance E. of 
North-street. It ie said (o have been 
founded as a convent abont the middle 
of the 12th cent, hnt its revcnuoa nere 
appropriated, temp. Hen. III., to the 
maintenance of a waiden and 13 de- 
cayed perBODB. It now SDpports 
An arched doOT and passage lead u 
the hospital from the street, a long hall 
ia then entered, in the side ai^es of 
which are tJie amall dwellings of the 
inmates. At the E. end is the chapel. 









On the E. aide of North-street is the 
Ch. of St. Olave, containing 
traces of very early work. 

The GmWuAl, situated in the Friory 
Park, near the end of North-stieet, w 
the chapel of the Orev Fiiaia. It 
K E. and deserves a visit. 

In St. Andrea's Ch. (East-street) a 
some interesting monuments. 

The Catum GaU, opening from tl 
close into South-street was erected hv 
Bp. Sherborne (1505-36). The Mu- 
«eum of Hie Philosophical Society, in 
South -street, contains a very tolerable 
Eollection of local natural history and 

Adjoining South-street is the hall of 
the Vicars Colleqc, now used 
BchDoI-rooin. Of' the ancient City 
WalU (here are considerable remains ; 
Wid very pleasant public walks have 
been formed upon them on the N. and 
K sides. 

iDteteeting excartions may be made 
t« (a) the point of Seltey Biil, about 
m. The peninsula, althoujth of much 
historical interest, is a dead level, with 
a rich soil, and the low coast is still 
encroached on by the sea, which is 
said to have swept avra,y half the 
peniasala since the Baxon period. It 
IS the resort of inaamerable wild-fowl. 
In Pagluim Harbour, 3 m. fhim 
Bognor, is the Ewhing WtU, a space 



of about 180 ft. by 30 it, over which 
the waten is in an apparent state of 
ebullition, from the ait mshing throngh 
a bed of shingle, left dr; at low tide. 
AtSraclsleslunaBaii,3io.W. of Selsey 
Bill, masses of ciajr occur on the 
sands, containing fossil shells of great 
rarity. 

(b) An excursion ma; be made to 
Goodwood (3 m,), and the race-courBe 
above it, or a longer round may be 
made by Boxgrove, proceeding by 
Halnaker to Goodwood, thence to 
St. Koche's Hill and the race-course, 
and back by tlie Hidhurst roeul. 

Boscgrove Ch. (2 m.) is one of the 
most important specimens of E. E. in 
thekin^om. The Priory was founded 
temp. Hen. I. The ChnrA was di- 
vided, according to the practice of the 
Benedictines; the nave, or portion 
W. of the tower, now in ruins, served 
as the parish ch. The existing ch. 
(restored in 1865 by ScoU) oonriSs of 
chancel, aisles, transepts, and central 
tower. The composition of the choir 
is of great beau^. Observe in the 
churchyard the ruins of the nave. On 
the N. side were the cloisters and the 
chapter-house ; the entrance to the 
last dilapidated, but still showing some 
fine and curious low Norm, arches. 
Through the farm-gate beyond, N., 
are the remains of the Frior'a Lodging, 
Many fragments of the priory are 
traceable in the farm walls and build- 
ings. The ruins of Balnaker (i m. 
N.) need not lung delay the tourist. 

The Park of Gooduiood (Duke of 
Richmond and Gordon) maybe Tinted 
at all times. The house is not shown 
on Sundays or in the race-week. The 
collection of pictures is eitenaive, but 
not of great importance. It is richeU 
in portraits. The views troia the 
higher giotmdB are very grand, and 
the Lebanon cedars ore very fine. 
The Stables should be visited by all 
interested in such matters. The 
PheasatitTy, formed from an old chalb 
pit, planted with evergreens, should 
not be missed. Above it ia Caim^ 
Seat. The view from the building is 
very strikitu. The Bace-eonrse ia 
about 1 m. nam the house. A bold 
ravine divides its esbemities. 



CEILDWALL—CSIFPENHAM. 



__„ It i. _... 

pictiireBqaelvwoc?ded tiirongbont; but 
its prmoipal feature \a a cittster of 
yev-trccB of vely great age and Bize, 
Btasttead Park, fnrther W., is fomona 
forils B<w»llad"foreflt''ofl666acrei. 
It lies W. of the honae, and ia diriiled 
bj 3 great avenues, of which the 
cential one is 2 m. long. The tourist 
may either proceed through Stanstead 
Forest by indiflarect roads to Compton, 
and so to Up Park, or return through 
Kingiv Bottom and proceed to Up 
Part by N. Marden, tfp Park (about 
3 u. N. of Stanstead) is huge, well- 
wooded, and commandB very fine Lmd 
and sea Tiews. The park may be 
Tisited, but the house ia not gentiaUy 
shown to strangets. 

(d) The moat interesting 
is that to the Roman remains 
Bignor, acroas the ohalk range — about 
12 m. The route should be by Up- 
Waltbam, acroea Sutton Hill, and ao 
down upon Bignor, retmuing to Chi- 
chester over Bignor Hill and by the 
line of the Slane atreet. 

From the top of Sutton Hill, a steep 
road deaeendu to the Wkite Horm at 
Sutioa, where the tourist bad better 
. leave his carriage and proceed on foot 
to Bign/yr, I m. 

The remains of the great Roman 
villa at Bignor. with its huge and very 
etrikiug pavements, rank among the 
most important remains of this class in 
Britain. To see the pavements, which 
are now preserved under lock and key, 
application must be made at the ad- 
joining &nn. The villa was of no- 
Uisuol dimensions; the buildings have 
been traced to an extent of about 600 
ft in leuKth by nearly 350 ft. in 
breadth. There are 3 principal pave- 
ments. -From Bignor it ia 3 m. to 
AmberUy (see) Stat. 

CmcKSANDS Priort, see Shefford. 

GBntDiSQhfX, see liewet. 

Chiqweli,, see LotightoB, 



bury) is a castellated mansion by 

Nath. 

CmLHAK, see Canterbury. 

CSILI.IN0HA1I, see Ahaeick and 
IToofar. 

Chilton Pbiort, see BridgvxUer. 

«7talnirford (EssexX Slat., 
O. E. Rty, and 9 m. by road from 
Shoreditcn Ohurch. A very &ivoarite 
resort in sunoner time. The Old 
Chareh was restored from a semi- 
minoua state in 1873, without Injaiy 
to ita pictnreBqueneaa. Queen Eltta- 
beth'e, or Fairmead Lodge, formerly 
either the manor-house or a hunting- 
lodge, will repay a visit. To teach it 
go past the new cbotch, N.E., across 
the Green. It stands betweon 2 mag- 
nificent elma. The interior can lie 
aeen on application. The open apaee 
in front is a favourite apot for pic-nio 
parties. The Obdiik, seen on 1. in 
going to Queen Blizabeth's Irf>dge, 
waa erected b^ the Ordnance Survey, 
and ia maintamed hy desire of the As- 
tronomer BoyaJ (aee alao Loughbm). 

CHrNNOCK, aee Creickeme, 

Chippenham (Wilts.). Junc- 
tion Stat, Q. W. Sly. ; a Una passes 
off 1. to Dorchester and Weymouth ; 
there is also a branch line to Calne, 
. Inn* ; Angel ; George. This is 
agricultural and manufacturing 
town, sitnated on the Avon. It is cele- 
brated for its obeese and com markets ; 
also for its manufacture of cloth. Its 



The CAurcAbas s 

ings on canvaa and some brassea. 

ChOdwaa Sail (Muqnis of Salis- 



i tannery, and the con- 



inly objects of interest a 
ancient bridge, and an old market- 
cross, the latter removed liom I^i- 
cock Abbey. The bridge was pro- 
bably built by the monks of Monklon 
Farleigh, the latter part of I2th cent. 
The Church (SL Andrew) ia a large 
edifice, of mixed architecture. There 
is a pleasing view &om the E. end of 
the churchyard. 

Hand Heath's Cauieaay, leading 

&om Chippenham N.E. for 4} m., by 

the vQls^ of TytherUm KdlaiBaye to 

tJie top of Bremhillwick Hill, traverses 

low tract of heavy land, and crosses 



112 



CSIFPM-HAM. 



the N. Wilts Avon. It U a stone- 
pitched path, made and still main- 
iained by the benetkctioii of a berie- 
volent dame, e. 1474. On the ridge of 
tlie bill there ia a, monimienliLl column, 
crowned with a statue of Maad Heath 
lierself. This position, and the ad- 
joining drive on Wick Hill, command 
one of tba finest and most extensive 
views in Wiltdure. The objeota of 
chief interest in (he nelghbonrbood 
are — Bmeood, JIfalmefbun/ Aibey 
Charch (see MidrntAary), CkOTUon 
Park (see Malmtd/ary), the maoor- 
house otDraycot, CaitU ComJe, Griitle- 
ton, Coribam Court (see Coriham), La- 
toek Abbey, Spy* Park BaUkouie, 
and Sraietutoke Priora, Botaood, 
the seat of the Marquis of Lansdowne, 
is Si m. 8.E. From Calne It is dis- 
tant 2 m. B.W. The maneion is in 
tha Italian style. It is not shown 
except by a personal order from Lord 
Lansdowne. The gardens are, how- 
ever, accessibie during the absence of 
the fiuaily, and the park ia freely open. 
Bowood owes many of its most interest- 
ing associatinns, as well as much 
beauty, to ita late distinguished c 
Henry, 3rd Marquia of Lansdowne, 
KG., who not only enlarged and em- 
belli^ed the ornamental gronndB, and 
filled the house with a noble collection 
of pictures, booka, and varions works 
of art and taste, but made it the hos- 
pitable resort of those who 
tinguished in srienoe, litetatwe, and 
art. The principal entrance to the 
park is &om Chippenham, by 
arched gateway, flanked by a tower. 
Opposite the gilt gates ia the pretty 
little village of Deny BUI, trUl of 
modem half-timbered hoosea, a nice, 
small Hotel, and a Ck,, with lofty 
spire, built in 184S. The drive to the 
house is neefly 2 m., through luxuriant 
woods. The principal front faces the 
6., the view from which is exoeedingly 
bt^udful. The piotures, which in- 
clude specimens of the beat masters 
of the Italian, Flemish, Spanish, 
French, and English schools, are dis- 
tribnted among the various apart- 

Drayeot Cerne (Earl Cowley), i m. 
N., isan ancient m*t of the Cemei 



and Longs, The house contains many 
objects of interest, paintings, Biviea 
china, &o. The park is one of the 
finest in N. Wilts, and commands an 
extensive prospect. 

Cattle Combe. 6 m. N.W, originally 
Jonged to the Dnnstanvillee. In 
1867 it was purchased by E. C. 
Lowndes, Esq. The situation ia 
romantic, and the house lies deeply 
embosomed among steep and wooded 
slopes. A small rapid stream rmiB 
through the village. Above this stream 
rises the wooded hiU on which the 
original castle was built by the Dan- 
stanvilles, now reduced to mere 
monnds of rubbish. In the village 
stands an ancient market-cross. There 
ous old houses, of which the 
manor-furate and the d(rmy-hmtie are 
very interesting specimens. The earth- 
works of the castle contain 9 acres, 
with strong ditches and banks. The 
Ch. was rebuilt 1851. with the excep- 
tion of the fine pinnacled tower, mth 
tim.traoeried roof, erected in Uio fltst 
half of the 16th cent, 

Near NeliUton, 1 m. W, of Castle 
Combe, is the very interesting tomn- 
lus, known aa Lugbury, 180 ft. by 90 
n., containing stone cists with skeletons, 
and a cromlech with a table-stone, 
12 fL by6 ft,, leaning against 2 np- 
rights. About I m. W. of CosUe 
Combe, the remains of a Boman villa, 
with baths and hypocaust, and a 
cemetery were discovered and laid 
bare in 1859 by the esertioDS of Mc. 
Poolett Scrope. 2^ m. W. of Castla 
Combe ia BriM^tm House (Sir John 
Neeld, Bari.). The mansion contains 
a fine collection of works of art, in- 
cluding a gallery of Boulptuie, a large 
collection of paintings of several 
schools, some bcautiml bronzes, &c. 
Fermiasion to see them ia given on 
ap^lioaiJon at the hoose, 2 m. E. of 
Qnttleton ia the small but highly-de- 
corated church pf Leigh Ddamere. 

Laeock Jibey, S m. S. of Chippen- 
ham, theproperiy and residence ta W. 
H. Fox Talbot, Esq., the well-known 
inventor of the " Talbotvpe," is aitn- 
ated on the Avon, below the height of 
Bowden Park. An interesting aocomit 
of the abbey ia published in the • Wilt- 



CHIPPENHAM— CHIPPING ONGAS. 



113 



Bhire Archteological Msgaziue' tot 
March, 1870 [BeU & Daldy, London). 
Though coDveited into a &mily num- 
Bion, it retains urnny of its monastia 
featurea. Arches bung with ivy, and 
tall spinJ chimneyB, are seen fron the 
mrrounding meadoita. It woa fonnded 
M an Augustine nunneir in 1232, 
hf 'E\a, Countess of BaliabDrj. The 
modern house, which is chieBy Eli2a- 
betlum, contains conaidemble recoains of 
the conventual buildings. The Ctouter 
ia a beautifol work of the 15th cent 
with a ricblj vaulted toof, with gro- 



tewiebi 
Thed 



angle. 



LO doieteis iurround 3 sides of the 
quadraugnlar area. On the 8. ilood 
Uie Church, of which the N. waU still 
exists ; to Che £. are the Teitry and 
ChapUr Home, with a centtal pillar 
and kilclien of the 13th cent; the 
W. side ia occupied bj a large room 
above, and a vaulted Bubstiuoture be- 
low. The refectory stood to tlie N. 

octsfon tuwei «tande at the S,£. 

e. flBm the cloister a door opens 
) teiToee'aalk, the site of the 
Abbe; Church. Beyond lies the gar- 
den, a charming retreat, through which 
Uie stream of tAC Avon neandeis, and 
where may still be seen tbe pondt, or 
etewB for fish, and the nun« caldron, 
a metid pot oast in the year 1500, and 
of a size to oonUin some 67 gallons. 

At Lacock ^. Jeml, in. 1571, 
preached his last sermon, when 
iDakiag a visitation to tbe churchea of 
his dwceae. Rather less than r 
W. of X-scock, on the top of the 
hill, commandiiig an extensive ' 
is the embattled entrance gateway 
to 8pye Port (J, W. G. Spioer, 
Esq.), brought fiom old Bromham 
House, but first erected (according 
to tradilioQ) at Coraham in the time 
of Hen. VIIL 

If hound to Sromham (see MeUa- 
ham) tbe stranger will find a delight- 
ftil path to that village juet below the 

Bto-bouse. It runs across the fields, 
hind 6pye Park old house, and by 
tbe hamlet of Chitloe, the dislance 
about 2 m. 

On the top of Bradenit^e Hill, 1, 
of the DaunUet/ Stat., are tbe remains 
of Brademtohe Priory (now a &nii- 



hODSe). They consist chiefly of the 
wails and roof of a 14tb-oeat. hall, 
c. 1320, now cut op into seveial rooms. 
Tbe very finely carved oak roof, vrith 
the Dec. ball-fiower on the beams, can 
onlv be seen in the garrets. At one 
id of the hall are tiie prior's cbam- 
bera, with corner staircase, and gatde- 
robe turret Beneath are Tsulted 
ceUan, temp. Bich. II. Close to tbe 
bouse is a plain ISth-oent. bam, with 
modem roof. 

Campden Stat! 
G. W. Bly. (Jnn: Noel Arms), is an 
interesting old town in tbe Cotswolda. 
There are old hmuet of the 15tb cent, 
as well as tbe Uarket House and 
Court House, Hth cent. The Ch. 
(Fcrp.) is floe, and has tower 110 ft. 
high ; also contains some brasses and 
noble marble monmnents. 3 m. Camp- 
den Hmue (E, of Oainsberongb), 16tU 

Cblpplnr OnB'ar (Essex). 

Blat G. E. Klj, Inn: 'Lion. An 
ancient tnarket-lown on tbe Boding. 
It stands within an ancient entrench* 
meut : and E. of it is tbe moat and 
keep mound of a castle built by Bichard 
de Lucy, Chief-JuMice of England 
(1162). The mound is now jiknted. 
and from the top there is a vride and 
pleasingview. 

1 m. W. is Greendead, whose timber 
Ch. of St. AndroB has attracted mudi 
attention, and has been suppoeed to be 
of Saxon date. Tbe nave, above the 
original structure, is formed of the 
tnmks of oak or chestnut trees. Its 
"wooden walls" are 6 ft. 6 in. bigb. 
At the W. end is a modem tower of 
boards. The woodwork of tbe roof is 
said to be ooeval with the walls. It 
was no doubt originally thatched. The 
cb. ia now lighted by windows in the 
roof. The original E. end has been 
destroyed, ana the present cbanoel, 
which is late Perp., temp. Hen. VII., 
is of red brick. At the S.E. angle is 
a pillar piscina. 

2 m. S.E. of Ongar is tbe little 
Norman Ch. of Stondon Xtaiey, tbe X. 
side of which remains unaltered. A 
frame of oak timber at the W. and 
is of lingular construction. High 



CHIPPIffO SODBUBY—CEISLEHUBST. 



Ongar (/nn.- Bed Lion) u l} m. N.E. 



of Cliippiiig Ongor. 

ceaL), 2 m. E. of Yate Stat.. Midi. Rlj. 



inn; PortculIiB. In the gardsn of the 
B. G. dmpel U a fine croaa of 16th- 
oeni work. 3 m. Old Sodhury CL nnd 
X^egTove (W. Hartle;, Esq.). In the 
Istt^ aie Bome interesting partnuts bj 
old masters. 4 m. E. LiWe Sodbury, 
wliete are remaina of an old Bomao 
camp oooupied by Edw, IV.'s atmy 

{' mt before the battle of TewkeBbory. 
Q the Uanor-houae (16th cent.X 1^- 
dale tranalatad the Bible. 6 m. ff ia 
BadmirUoa, the noble seat of the Duke 
of BeauEbrt, in a park 10 m. round, 
with splendid avennee of trees. The 
Worcester Lodge is 3 m. fiom the 
houee, whiob la of Corinthian oha^ 
racter. The house contains some 
good pain^ga. The Ch., close to the 
house, is Oreoian, and has an altar 
pavement of Florentine Uosaio, and 
Htatuee of 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Dukes, by 
Byebrach; oier tjie altar is Christ 
Disputing with the Doctors, ty Qbeiii, 
and part of a cartoon by Baphael. 

CmFSTEAD, see Ban^ead. 

OmEBtmY, see Montgomery. 

tMtrU. (Denbigh.)— 21 m. from 



Hotel " (irbere tickets to view Castle 
may be hod) — a pretty village on L 
bank of Ceiriog, uie pictnreaqne glen 
of which deserves a visit : obaetve " the 

aueduct " and the " viaduct " by 
lich the Elleamere canal and the 
railway are respectively carried here 
across the river ; and note monuments 
of the Myddleton &mllf in ch., and 
yew-trees in ch.-yd. 

Mcmrtioni.—'to Chirlt Park and 
Cattle (B. Myddleton Biddulph, Esq.), 
2t m. The picture-gallery has some 
interesting portraits ; the view from 
the terrace includes 13 counties — from 
summit of the keep can be seen 17 ; 
the park, which is fall of aneestral 
oaks, elma, and beeches, has a large 
lake, on both aides of which Ofia'a 
Dyke cait be traced. To Vangallen, 
6 m. (eee also LlangcMea and SuMion) ; 
observe near Cefh Stat. (2 m.), the 
beautiful " viaduct " which carriea the 



C^lsleliurst (Kent). Stat. 
S. E. Bly., 11 m. &om ChariDg-aross. 
On rt. of railway station is Biddey 
Park. The village Is situated i m. 

from station, on one of the most beau- 
tiful commons in Kent, surrounded 
by magnificent trees, and about 300 ft. 
above the sea. On quitting the sta> 
tion torn to rt, and aner a short dis- 
tance, the hill to I. leada to the oommon 
and Camden Park. Soon after pesa- 

! J.. .1. .. .!_.. ., . I luag j^ 

reached 
of the el-Empresa of 
the French, and formerly the summer 
residence of the antiquary Camden. 
The tomb of the Emji. Nap. III., who 
died in exile here, is shown in the 
B. C. Chapel, whioh is open fbr usual 
services on fitrndays. but on otJier 
days visitors are only admitted be- 
tween 3 and 5 F.u., and after previoua 
aprfication ^jwattoEev. J.Goddatd. 
Oae of the moat interesting objects 
is the Manor Hoiage, situated near the 
ch. toworda Orpington, some time the 
residence of the walsinghanis. It was 
built about 1520, and is well preserved. 
The oonttyaid and tlie ancient outbuild- 
ing were got rid of about 10 years ago 
for " improvements," An old passage 
■till exists whioh ia said to run &oni 
Soadbnry Park under the Manor Honae j 
Estate, to the old ohatk pita by Oeun- 
den Park, once used, probably, far 



political pu 



the drive lead- 
ing to Camden House, the toed on rt 
leads to the ChurA ,- and, 3) m. be- 
yond, ia village of Orpingtoa. 

It is a very pleasant walk to Orpins- 
ton, and the UAuriA there, mainly E.E., 
is fluely situated and contains some 
carved wood-work and brasses. It has 
also a fine W. door, and E.-E. porch. 
A very quaint epitaph will be found 
in the ch.-yd. Tbs railway station is 
nearly 1 m. from the village; l\ m. 
beyond is Cbela^id (Stat.). Thm« are 
some good broMes in C!hurcb ; also ia 
RaUead Ch., 2 m. S. 1} m. onrl of 
raUaay, after passing through Ctaels- 



CSIBWICK—CHBiaTCHUBCS. 



115 



field tnime], rises the clnnip of the 
Knoekholt beechet, a laodmaA: for all 
the country round about (see £ 
oaki). Beyond, 4} m. from Chelafleld, 
w DuntoH Green Stat-, for Groat Btock- 
ham Wood (2 m.), and 2} m. fuither 
on Seventyala Stat. 

Clll»wlck (Middi.), a Tillage 
on the Thames, 5 m. W. of Hyde "Stak 
Comer, immediately beyond Hammer- 
amith : J m. W. of the Ch., in Burling- 
ton-lane, is a station of the S. W. Rly. 
(Loc^'Iine %\ xd. fmmWalerloaBtat.), 
but oannected also with the L. C. k 
D., and the N. London lineB. Inn : 
Old Bed Lion. 

The Thames, making a great corre 
bete, washes three sides of the pariah. 
To the TiBitor Chiswick is chiefly ra- 
martable for the Palladian ■vUla of 
Hie Duhe of Devonshire, the GudeoB 
of the Hortioultural Society, and Ho- 
garth's house and tomb. Chinciak Ait, 
or Eyot, la the first on the Thames 
above London. 

In the Chwdiyard, observe N.E. of 
the ch. the large altai^tomb oovering 
the remains of Wiujax Hooabth, d. 
Oct 26, ITfil. 

Hogarlh'i fibuM — the house in 
which for many yeara the great planter 

Bide of Sogartk^ne, not fax from the 
ch. It is an old-fafdiionod red-briok 
building, which in HogwHi's day stood 
in the open country, but is ooff blocked 
up by moan houeea, and is itself in 
B dirty, dilapidated state. The house 



wleti 

Chitwick flouM (Duke of Devon- 
shire). Two wings were added to this 
house in 1788 for the Slh Duke of 
Devonshire, from the designs of James 
Wjatt. Since then tliere have been 
no material additions to the house, but 
some improvements have been made 
In the arrangements, and under the 
late Duke everything was done that 
could be thought of to embellish the 
interior, and tba garden and grounds 
were lavishly decorated with urns, 
obeUsks, sculpture aiid buildings. The 
grounds were greatly extended, and 
the gardens brought under Sir Joseph 
Faston's direction to the highest point 
of floricultuiaJ eicellence. The new 



approach tiom Tumbam Qreen, a 
broad rood lined with lime-trees, and 
known as the Duke's New Boad, was 
also nude by him. 

Charles James Fox was, iu his last 
illness, removed to Chiswiok Hoose, 
Aug. 29, 1806, and he died there a 
fortnight later, Sept. 13, George Can* 
ning was in like manner brought here, 
in tbe month preceding his decease. 
He died Aug. S, 1827, in the room in 
which Foi breathed bis last. 

Chiswick House is now rented by 
H.R.H. the Prinoe of Wales. 

The Garden! of the BoytU Horiiail- 
tnral Society lie between Chiswtck 
House and Tumham Green ; they are 
well worth a visit, and are hill tj' in- 
terest to the student They or- 



all parts of the world ; 
horticulture ; and for raising plants 
and flonors for the show gardens at 
S. Kensington, and for distribution 
among the Fellows of the Society. It 
"■"" '•"re that the Duke of Devonsliire 

the future Sir Joseph Pastoo, 

tUen young and untried, training 
creepers at 128. a week. 

Chollerford, see Eenham. 

Chorley (Lane.), Stat, L. & Y. 
Rly., 8} m. from Profon, and 22} m. 
from JUarwAeafT. Inn: Royal Oak. 
A busy manuEacturing town, with 
large CaUoo-printiiig works at Bilk- 
aore, worth seeing. The Cli. has 
some fragmeatory stained glass, and 
carved oak canopy over the fitandish 
pew. The B. C. Chapel has some 
good arcade pwntings over the altar. 
AiOey EaU (W. of the town) is Eliza- 
bethan (R. Townley " •- - "__ , 
GmUmmd Old floH 
traces of a moat. 

The neighbourhood abounds in large 



Cbrifttchiircli (Hants.)— 
Stat., L. ft S. W. Ely; ; 112 m. ftran 
Loudon ; 8J m. from Bingwood Juno.. 
and S) m. from Bournemouth (JnM; 
•King's Arms; "Newlyn's Hotel) — is 
situated at head of the estuary open- 
ing into Christohuich Bay, and at the 
conSneuoe of the Avon and glonr 



116 CHBIBTCHUBCH—CIBESCESTBB. 

rivers. Its chief attractioD ia itd mag- 1 in the Stoar. bat boUi rivers are Btrictl; 
nificeat Priory Ck„ founded before the preserved. OccuaioDnlly peimiBirian to 
CooqneBt, nndaifording excellent spe- nah maybe obtained from the landlord 
-' — 18 of Norm, and hie Perp. styles <^ the Woolpat^ Inn at Sopley. ■"■ " 



of Bicbitecture. bbx^re spedally tbo 
gigantic N. Poreh (E. E., restored); 
the richlj-decoratsd circular Norm. 
Tumi at E. anitle of N. transept ; 
tutd St. Michael Luft, abovo the 
Lad<^ Chapel. The nave (Norm.) 
now serves as the Parish Ch. The 
W. tower (Perp.) contains a memoriitl 
(by Wcekcs, E.A.) for Shelley the 
poet, and bis wife. A very rich raod- 
lereen (temp. Edw. HI., and Tcitored 
ISIS) divides the Dave fojiu choir, the 
latter having a rich timber roof. There 
is a remai^ble reredos, representing 
the stem of Jesse. At N. end of the 
altar is the Salitbury Chapel, built by 
Margaret, daughter of Geo., Duke of 
Olarence.and mother of Etginald Pole. 
At extreme E. end of the ch. is the 
Lady Chapel, rich Perp, with groined 
vault. There are also numerous 
ments, some of considerable ii 
After iuspectins tbe ch., the tourist 
should viait Uie Norman home an bank 
of the stteam opposite King's Arms 
Hotel, once evidently connected with 
the Castle, slight remains of whioh ~ ~ ~ 
seen close beyond. 

ExeaTtioae. — (a) Passing down a 
lane to W. of ch. is the ferry over the 
Stonr, whence there is e. pleasant walk, 
about 2 m.. to Hengitlbary or Warren 
Head, commanding fine sca-viewa. 3 
m. W. is the picturesque Saicombe 
Chine; thence the nalli may be con- 
tinued either by cliff path or, if tide 



chanaing wait, and one especially 
attractive to tbe geol<^t, between 
Chnetcbnrch and Lymingion (aee), bf 



Chebch Stoke, see Newtown. 

Cliurcli fttretton (Salop). 
BtaL, Bhrews. & Heref. Rly. Inn: 
•Church Stretton H, The little town 
ies in a valley immediately at the foot 
of the Longmynd, an immense mass of 
Cambrian strata which rises to 1600 ft 
There are endless walks up the cross 
valleys and gulleys of this range, as 
also among the hills of Caer Caradoc, 
Ragloth, and Lawley. which are oppo- 



CaOierine'i Hia, 2 m.N. ofChristchurch, 
should be ascended for sake of its fine 
view. A very shcirtdistonoefOrther N., 
on the main road to Hingieood, 9 m., is 
BopUy Ch., of especial mtereat to the 
archieoli^ist. Opposite Hengisthnry 
Head, on other side of the estuary (a 
ferry crosses over thim the Haven Inn, 
W. side), is the little vUlage of Made- 
ford C2 small Jnni and Some lodging- 
nouses), where the beach afibrds excel- 
lent bathing. The sea-fishing is good, 
and there i« also good salmon and trout- 
fisbing in the Avon, and {dke-fisiiing 



n. W. to BaUinght^, 
by the Devil's Mouth, and crossing 
the hill by the old British road of the 
Porheai/, Be earefvl not to oteenA the 
hillt in raUti. It is a cbatming walk 
of 2 m. to Born Bawdier; to AU 
Stretton, 2 m. N. ; or to Borderlet/, at 
tbe 6.W. end of the Longmynd, where 
the scenery is most pictutesqoe. 
CiLaEBRAN Castle, see Cardigan, 
Cirencester, pron. "Ci»»e(er" 
(Glouc). Stat., G. W. Rly. Inn: 
•King's Head H. A town of great 
antiquity in ithe Cotswold Hills, on 
the river Chum, occupying the site of 
Corinium, Roman remains used to bo 
constantly dug up, specimens of which 
may be seen in the Hmenm (volt). 
The town is the headquarters o! the 
trade of the county, and is now known 
as the "metropolis of the Cotteswolda." 
The Church (Bt. John's), restored by 
ScoU at a cost of 13,0001:, is remark- 
ably fine and principally Perp. It baa 
a splendid roof of fan tracery. The 
W. tower is 134 ft. high, and the 
ohancel lies 2 N. aides and 1 8. aisle. 
The latter are E. Dec. Tbe S. porch 
is very peculiar, and a splendid ex- 
ample of the ISth cent. The lower 
part serves as a porch to tbe ch., 
whilst the room over it is tbe Town 
Hall. The wholeworkof the groining 
and of tlie battlements and ^naclca 



CLACTON-ON-SEA-CLABE. 



117 



is ¥e^ beantiful. In the chapel of 
et. Hat; (N. aisle) are manmnentt — 
(a) E. Brydgee and wife and 9 children, 
159S; (b)^g7ofSirW.lLuter,166I; 
Dotica also the irood rarriag of Irish 
oak; (e)6t. Catherine with Btone roof of 
fan tracer;, 1S08 ; aUo a fVesco of her 
martyrdom. In Trinity Ohapel aro 
cunnuients of the QLloily of Bathuret. 
Iq 8t John's Chapel ib a coloared 
Qiaiblo monument to Q. Monox and 
&niilj(Gbaa.IO. There are more than' 
20 bratiti ia this cb., some very ia- 
teresting. The Mtueum (opposite the 
railway stAtion) contains an admirable 
collection of lioman remains, including 
a tesselated pavement, discovered in 
1849, bronie, pottery, and elaea ware. 
If time permite, visit Eail Bathurst's 
Park (Oakley Park), close to the 
town. It is open to all, and the best 
phm is to hire a conveyance at the 
mn and to drive round. It is of great 
extent (one avenue is 5 m, long) and 
has some charming scenery. The 
principal points aie the Oakley Woods, 
the WoodJiouse, or Alfred's HaU, an 
artifioial rain ; the glen known a« 
" Haines' Ash Bottom," and " the Ten 
Bides." A building known as Ffrpe'i 
Seal, the poet's lavoniite resort, is on 
rt of principal avenue, I m. I^m town. 
The mansion contains a fair collection 
of porttaits. li m. on the Stroud road 
la the Boyal Agricidlnrai College, -. 
good Giothio building, founded 1S45. 

The town is oonvenieutly Bitoatod 
for the meets of the Beaufort Hnnt, 
theCotsiTold.andValeofWhile HoiBe 
hoiwds. 

Excwtioni.—{a) 2 m. 8.E., to Sid- 
dingfxm Ch. ; has fine Norm, details. 
2 m. further ia 5. Oraey CA., of Norm., 
E.-E., and Dec. styles. Notice the 
grotcsqae carvings ; (6) 5 m. W., across 
Qie park, Sapperion Ch., overlooking 
the charming scenery of " tbe Qolden 
Valley." 

Clacton - on - Sen (Eceei), 
5 m. ftom Weeley Stat., G. E. Ely. 
Omniboses meet all trains. Jnn: 
Boyal Hotel. A small wBtering-place, 



daily daring AugasL Time, about 6 
hrs. &om London ; ) hr. to IFhltim-an- 
the-Nate ; 1 br. to RaraitA ; 2 hrs. to 
ijwincA. 

The Ch. of Oreat Clacbm, Sja.E.ot 
St O^th (see Brighllingtta), is worth 
a visit. Tbe cbancel Emd tower, re- 
stored, are very good Norm. 

Dislanea by rail from Weelay Btat. : 
ColeheiUr, 12l m. : WaUtm-on^he-Note, 
Urn. 

Cl&phah (Beds.), see Bedford. 

Clafbam (Yorks.V see SMk. 

Clare (Suffolk). Stat.. O. E. BIy. 

m: Bell. The town stands upon the 
N. side of the river Stour. The rmlway 
actoally within the outworks 
of tbe CailU, and &agmentsof wall are 
beyond it. Imperfect as the re- 
is are, they are not without in- 
terest as marking the site of the great 
stron^old of the Earia of Glare, whose 
power was so widely extended from 
the Conquest until the early part of 
the 14lh cent The mounds and dylras 
of the outer courts are passed on enter- 
town. 1. is the keep mound, in 
climb which, tbe key must be 
asked for at one of the first bouses, 1. 
It is 100 ft. high, and is covered with 
bmafawood and coppice. A winding 
path leada to the bni. 

Tbe Ch. of St. Pder and Bt. Paul 
deeervee a visit. It is ibr the moat 
part Perp., but the lower part of the 
tower is E. E. Tbe details of the 
Perp. nave arcfaea should be noticed ; 
and on the exterior, the lofty pinnaoles 
of the rood turrets. There is some 
good old woodwork. 

Uany of tbe bouses in the town 

ntaiu Perp. woodwork, and various 
good chimney-shafts. 

Acroaa tbe Stour, S.W. of the town, 
are some remains of a Priory of Austin 
FriaiB, founded in 124S by Kichard de 
Chtre, Earl of Olouceatar, The prin- 
cipal remaiua oonaist of a large hall, 
forming the pieeent bonse, with an 
ancient ataircase attached, a large 
building, now a liem, and various 
walls. The bouae is now a aohool. 

At Cavendith (Stat), 3 m. from 
Clare, the CAurch is good. Tbe tower 
ia E. E,, with a vaulted lower storey. 
At Stoke (Stat), 2 m. tnan Olare, 



lis 



CLA YGSOSS—CLEVSDOK. 



the ChurA is chiefly Ferp., and 
ixmtaiiu some good woodwork. Here 
was a college of ieooUt prieata (1121), 
The Priory or college became aljout 
1660 the property of Sir Getvaae 
Blwee. It is famous as the seat of 
two celebrated misers. Sir Hervey 
Elwes (d. 1763). aad Jolm Meggot (d. 
1789). who took the name of Elwes. 

At KeddingUm (usnaUy called Ket- 
ton), aim. N.W. of Clare, the Church 



IB Deo. (chancel) aod Perp. (nave) and •Aaci to different 



has a Tery fine roof, etretohing 
span over nave and aisles. Catidnidge 
is distant fi\)m Clare rather more than 
an honr's ride by raiL 

CuaEBONT, see Eiher. 

Clabendon, Bee Salivary. 

d-moiwass, see ft'rJcenAeod.. 

Claycrossporby.). Btal.MHL 
Bly. Here are very large iron /tmui^ei 
and oollierieg of the Gl^ Cross Oo. 
Exatrtion. — To Eardaim " " ' 
MamJUldy i m. 

Clee mils CBalop), 5 m. ficom 
Lndlow Stat., Bbrews. £ Haref. Bly. ; 
no conveyance — are 2 conspicuoas liillH 
called TiUeriUme Clee (1780 ft.) and 
BroumClee. TitterstoneCleoiatheone 
best worth a8cending,aad the nearest to 
Lodlow. It oommands a splendid view 
towards Herefordshire and the Welsh 
hills. The area of the 



CcAiage, for some time tbe reddeace of 
Colendge, thepoet. 

The Old. GhvTch, St. Andrew, oa 
Clevedon Point, was in early tiinea 
attached to the Abbey of St, Auguatine 
in Brishil. It ie crncifonu in plan. 
Its principal future is the Iraos. 
chancel arch. 

Dial MiU, which rises immediately 
above the town, commands extensive 
and attractive Tiews. Pathways con- 



Continning 



i hill along t ._ 
deecend npon a valley, \ihich, 
it and solitary, contained oiiiy 



Gianfe Chair. The arobrooiogist will 
find camps also &t Clee Bur/ and Abdon 
Surf, a portion of the same chain bat 
further N. The botanist will find 
here the minute hare-bell, poraley- 
fem, viola Inteo, Ac. 

CLESTHonPEB, See Qrimtby. 

Clxsvx Bay, see Tavvien. 

CtBHT Eiufi, see Kiddermimfer. 

Clevb Abbbi, see Taunton. 

Cleve Combe, see CUmalon. 

Cleveaon (Somerset). Stat, 
Bristol & Exeter Rly. Branch (4) m.) 
from Tatlon Stat. In™.- Pier Hotel; 
Eoyal; BristoL This modem watering- 

K;e is an offshoot of a village which 
been seated here from a remote 
time, 1 m. from the sea, nnder a rocky 
height called Dial Hill. There is a 
pier, which was opened in 1869. At 
the end of the old villnge ia JTyrtis 



quiet and solitary, contained only 
iiins of old IFoZton Cfturcb. It has 
been reelored for what is now becom- 
ing a laree suburb of Clevodon, On 
the lofty nill beyond are the remains 
of 

Walton Carih, the rains of which 
oooupy the sommit of ft forzy height 
between the sea and the woods of 
Walton Court From Walton we cftn 
return towards Olevedon and visit 

Clevedoa Court (Sir Arthur Hallam 
Elton, Bart). It was built temp. 
Edw. n., but altered at subsequeat 
periods. It has a fine front, chiefly of 
the 14th cent. The bill above com- 
mands a splendid view, which, to- 
gether with the house and grounds, is 
open to the public every Thuieday 
from 12 to 8. 

, ...E. of Olevedon Stat is Tfcten- 
ham, a village remarkable for the re- 
mains of a tnanor-Aoule of the early 
part of the 15th cent. The hall is 
nearly perfect, but has a plain modern 
roof. The Cft. is a very interesting 
itndy. On the hill above is Cadlvry 
Camp, a Bel^c entrenchment of 7 
acres, Kyoupursne the Walton road 
for J m. you wfll find a path on the rt. 
leading directly to it 

Broekiey Combe (abont 4 m. from 
Yatton Stat) is a wooded and rocky 
hollow among the spurs of the Men- ' 
dips, more than 1 m. long, end abounds 
in picturesque beauty. The Ch. stands 
very prettily. It contains a riohly- 
carved reredoa and pulpit. Adjoining 
it is Broekiey HaU, a seat of the family 

ofPigott. 

Clare ConOte is another ragged 
valley of a diaracter similar to that.of 



CLITHEBOE-^CLYNSOG. 



110 



BrocklcY. It is 3 m. E. of Yatton 
Stat. 

The Cheddar (9»>) CUft nay alao 
be Tinted from cWedon. 

GLBTBLBT8, Bee BlM^tpOoL 

Clbweb, Bee Windtor. 

Ci.ET-NEX'F-TaE-SEA, Bce jEToU. 

Cliefdkn, Bee Thama. 

Clutord Castlb, see Wye. 

Cliftoh (Beds.), see Shtgord. 

Cltfton (Qlonc), aee SrilUi. 

CUHfiNo, Bee Lmtdutmpton. 

CuFSTONB, aee XamSM. 

CUf beroe (Lane), Stat., L.AT. 
BIy. { J«n» .- Swan ; Brownlow Arms), 
Is prettily Bitnated on rt bank of the 
Ribble and at the foot of the Pendle 
range. It has a, conddereble trade in 
epinniug and calico printiag. 

The CatOe (temp. Hen. IL) is finely 
plaoed on a limestone lock rising 
ahraptly &om the Talley, but only a 
portion of the keep ia left. It was 
ibnuerly a part of the posBesdons of 
the De Lacya : now it belongs to the 
Duke of Bucclenoh. Permiesion is 
giTen to see it by Mr. Robinson, the 
Duke's stewatil, whose modem reei- 
deuce is incorporated with it. The 
Ch. containB a braai to Dr. Webster, 
inaster of the graiomar school (16S2X 
and a monnment by Wtttmacott to 
•nother roaster. 

Exmrtiota.~{a.) Pendle .ffOI (about 
3 m.), Irom whence a tnagniflcent 
view is obtained. It is a huge mast 
of carboniferous limestone, and was 
fbTinerlyfdi«aded as the great resort of 
Lancashire witches. On it the Bnbnt 
eAanucmortu, a semi-arctic plant, grows. 
(b) Up the RSHAe, a charming valley, 
with some old houses on its banks. 
Borrodu/ard BaU (1 m.), sjid Wad- 
dingUm HaU (2 m.), where Henry VI. 
was captured and taken to London, 
(o) WkiteuieU, 9 m. (a good 7nn here), 
a loTdy little villaze in the glen of the 
Kidder, np which a mountAin road 
]a carried across the Fells to Lan- 
caster (26 m. &om Clitheroe), through 
the Forest of Bowland. Brmeihdlme 
(T. G. Parker, Esq.), on the road to 
TFhitoweH, ooulains a fine oak hall 
and some curiosities of Bowland Forest. 
(i) Milton Ch. (3 m.), near the junc- 
tion of the Hodder and Bibble (Inn .- 



Aspinwall Arms ; a good anglers' inn), 
eontoina many &ie moDnments to the 
Bherbome fiuully, and a screen brought 
from Oockersand Abbey. MUtm HaU 
(J. Aspinwall, Esq.) has a fine Qothio 
entrance hall, (e) To CktUlmnt (Inn ; 
Pendle) and SaiiUy Abbey (Ciateroian), 
2 m. N. of Olltheroe, and BcUon BaU 
(parts of which are temp. Edw. UI.), a 
charmfng drive of about 10 m, in all. 

Cldphill, see AmplhilL 

CLOTIU.Y, see Bideford. 

Cluhbeb, see OUtrttm. 

Clun, see KnigUon. 

Clyiinogr (Caernarvon.), nearly 
equidistant (10 m.) trcm C<Kraan)o» 
and PvUKdi, a secluded little Tillage. 
delightfblly situated on OeerDarrcti 
Bay, and aflbrding many attractive 
w^ks. Jnn .- .Bportsman Bach, The 
fine old cruciform Ch. is a magnificent 
specimen of late Perp., about temp. 
Hen. VII., and claims to be one of the 
finest in N. Wales. The chancel ia 
divided tmm the nave by beautifUly 
carved rood-loft, under which is a row 
of sediliB, of carved oak ; there is also a 
good carved timber roof. Inside com- 
munion rails, on N, is an aocieut altar- 
tomb, and above i^ a mural monument, 
tcpresenling adult figure, with some 
amaller ones kneeling. In an aumbry 
on rt, is an imperfect LaBn inscription. 
The sacristy, N. of chancel, has groined 
roof, and contains the solid triple- 
locked "chest of 6t. Beuno;" there is 
also in N. transept a 17th ceot. 
mural brass, and an altar-tomh to Col. 
Twistleton. At 8.E. anele of chancel 
a circular staircase loads to the roof 
and the roodloft. From the tower- 
porch a r^isssge runs B.W. to St 
Beuno's Chapel, which is thus portly 
separated {tora the church ; it has 
beautifully designed windows, aud the 
tomb of St. BeUDo (the founder), which 
was resorted to for cure of diseases. 
On L of road, a little past the church, 
ia the well of St. Beuno, a cursing- 
well like St. Elian's, and a wishing or 
healing-well, like BL Wini&ed's. In 
a field overlooking the sea, about } m. 
S.W., ia the Ba/^ieen oroiiJeob, noted 
for targe size of the superijicDmbeut 
stone, and for having i instead of 3 
supporters. 



COALBBOOKDALR-COLCHESTEIi. 



Exeareiona. — To Bina* Dddnlli, 
about 5 m. on tba coast. Tbia U a 
BritiBh poat, Boid to base been cou- 
iieol«d wilb Segontium. It is fortiQed 
nitb double range of escarpments, 
and bos traces of WBtcb-placea,bnt the 
Bca-&ant bas suffered much from ac- 
tion of the ^aves. An excureion, of 
about 14 m. in all, may be made to 
¥t Eifi, and the cnrioua eari^fortifled 



FenUediog, and the village of Llanael- 
haiarn. about 5 in. from ClTiinog (eeo 
FioUheli). From a elitf-path rt. from 
LlamLelhaiam, leading throngh the 
pass of Bwldtyr-Eifl, a loyely retro- 
spective Ttew may be had cjf Clynnog 
and the coast and bay of Oaemarroii. 
If Yr EiB be not visited the excursion 
ma; be mntinued to Fw!1heti, G^ m., 
passing 1. the conical eminence of Com 
PenftflvA. A beautiful eicuition may 
be made by proceeding to Pen't/'groea 
Stat., about 5 m., and thence by train 
to HantUe, to the NantlU Laket, slate- 
qitarries and pass o! Dnnt-y-coed (see 
Cnernamon). To Caemarron, 10 m., 
pasBiDg rt OlynUifon, the noble do- 
main oir Loid NewtHmiurh. 

CoAlbrookdale (Salop)— 
8tat., G. W. Ely. (Tun: Coalbrookdale 
H.}--iB an exceedingly beautiful Tnl- 
ley, joiaing that of the Severn. The 
iTaaworkt, commeuced in 1709 by the 
Darby &mily, still keep up tbeir re- 
putation (or fine castings. The scenery 
of tbe wooded valley and limestone 
bills (Wenlock strata) is cbarmiag, 
and in lAnedn Hill are vast caverns, 
formed by the excavation of Uie roch ; 
ttiey are occasionally lighted np. The 
coal-field is much disttubed by faults, 
vrhich are large and numerous. It 
yields many fossils to the collector. 
The choroh, iron bridge, and iitetary 
institutian and school of art, are the 
principal public boildiugs. 

CoALPOBT, see Ironbridge. 

COBBAH (Kent), see Bocftejfcr. 

COBHAH (Surrey), see Weybridge. 

Cochermoufli (Cumb.), 
StaL on Penrith & Whitehaven Bly. 
and Maryport & Carlisle Rlv. inii». 



DcTwenl, and at the confluence of 
that river vith the Cocker. In tbe 
principal street, proceeding from the 
railway slation, is the old mansion, on 
the 1., in whioh the poet Wordsvrorlh 
was bom. The remams of the Cattle, 
E. Norm, style, are extensive ; they 
belong, with Ihe portion converted into 
a modem residence, to Lord Lecon- 
field. The castle was galrisoned for 
Ciiarles I., but was captured and dis- 
mantled in ISiS. Tbe Church, E.-E. 
style, bns a memorial viindow to the 
poet,andaricbly-Bculpturedfont 2m. 
N. is the village of SHdekiTlt, inte- 
resting on account of its churob and 
curiously sculptured font. Tbe latter 
said to be more tbau 1000 years old, 
id is a very curious specimen of 
medtffival ivorkmaiiship. 

COOKIRBAND AbBBY. SCO OioMOTl. 

CoOKiNQTON, see Torgnay. 

Codnor Park (Derby.), 2 m. 
from Stat., Midland Rlj. (Erewash 
Valley Branch). Tbe iTonamrka here, 
and at Bulterley, are celebrated for 
theii buge castings. There are some 
remains of Codnor Cattle, of the date 
of the 13th cent., and an intoreeting 
old dovecot, vith immensely thick 
walls. Codnor was tbe ancient seat 
of the family of Zonche. Ascend tbe 
hill above C. Park to tbe pillar erected 
to the late Mr. Jessop, for tbe sake of 
the view over the ironwork district. 

CodSflll (Staffs.). Stat.. Gi W. 
Rly. Tbe Ck. has carved roof, and 
monuments io the Wroltesley family, 
1602. From here a most interestiDg 
excursion am be made to Bo»c6bel and 
White Ladiet, skirting tbe woods of 
CMUington, the old seat of tbe Gif- 
faide, a Bom. Catb. family, t«, 3 m., 
Langley (see Albrightoa). 

CoGOESHALL, See Keletdon. 

CoGQS, see Witiuiy. 

CoiTY, see Cardiff. 

Colchester (Essex), BtaL(Gt. 
E. Bly.) is at Mile End, nearly a mile 
N. fiom tbe town. Tbe statto for 
BTighlXingtea and WalUm-on-thxSaai 
is near St. Botolph's, in the lower part 
of the town, bnt tbe two railway lines 
are connected. Tbe large building near 
the Mile End Stat., erected as an 
hotel by Sir 8. H. Peta, bas been 



C0LCSE8TES. 



conTerted into on asflnm for idiots, 
lant: "Tbieo CopB; George; Bed 
Lion (an old houee, hnviii^ some re- 
taaina of oiDamenlel camng on its 
front). Colchester is the largest town 
in Essex. It etands on an eminence, 
sloping N. and E.-wards to the Colne. 
It is generallv admitted that the site 
of "Colonia Camoludonum " mast be 
sought at Colobeeler, where the re- 
maining traces of Roman occupation 
are of high interest and importance. 
In tlie jeac 44, the Emperor Claudius 
marclied, with an overwhelming force, 
to Csmoludunnm, which he entered 
with little resistance. It was the first 
Koman colony founded ia Britain. 
The vndlt of Colchester date, in all 
probability, from this period, and 
ample remains atilt exist. The; may 
be traced on tbe W., N., and E. si' 
almost wilhODt interinption, 
through the greater part of that 
tent still rise many feet above 
gronnd, and may be adTantageonsl; 
compared with any oilier remains of 
tbe kind in this island, or perhaps 
even on the Continent. Besides ( ' 
walls, the chief objects of interesi 
the Caitle, with the muneam of the 
Essex Archieologica! Society arranged 
in it; St. BotiApVe THory, and tli 
A})b^ Gate. In the High-street ai 
some good shops, and the principal 
inns ; and at the W. end is the Com 
Exohange, where there is a large Satur- 
day market. The new Toum Eaii, 
with its pilasters, rusticated basement, 
and Doric oomices. cannot lay claim to 
elegance. N. of High-street^a short 
distance beyond, E., the George H.— 
stands, on nigh ground, the Normal 
beep, which alone romainaof the Castif 
It is the largest Norman iieep in this 
country, being donble the size of the 
White Tower of London, and of eitra- 
ordinary solidity. The Mvteam, in the 
chapel of the castlo, is entered by a 
Norm, gateway leading into a modem 
corridor. In this corridor ia arranged 
a fine collection of shells and fossils, 
and there is now an excellent collec- 
tion of books relating te Essex archmo- 
logy and history. The museum, open 
free, from 10 a.u. to 4 f.u. daily, is 
also rich in relics of Boman Cbmoln- 



donum. Near the 6.E. comei of the 
, and 6t. Botolph's Stat, stand 
■nins of Bt. Botolph't Friory Ch. 

The prioiT was founded in 1103. 



lose bouse overlooks ruina Not ht 
distant, on an eminence, stands St. 
Jolm'i AlAey Oate, the last relic of 



Pel ham-lane, 
High-street), will interest the nr^tec- 
tural andiinary. It is chiefly con- 
structed of tiles, similar to those 
employed in Romna works, and there 
is no apparent reason why it shonld 
not date from a period anterior to 
the Norman Conquest. By skirting 
tho street called Balbeme, or Baf- 
con-lane, the exterior of the tovmundl 
may be seen end examined. The 
walls include about 108 acres. The 
whole circuit may be traced. Close 
to the Ch. oj St. Mary-on-lhe-WalU, 
which occupies the highest gronnd in 
the town, was a post^, now marked 
by a flight of steps. Here is a veir 
massive fragment of the wall well 
worth notice. It serves as the wall of 
the churchyard. Further up the lane, 
on the crown of nearly the highest 
ground in the old (own, ia the princi- 

El bastion, called the " Baloon," and 
own also ns Colking's CasUe, or 
more properl v the Caitle of King Cod. 
" King Coel is the great legendary 
hero of Colchester. The garden of the 
Old Cmtchod Friars, just within tiie 
N.E. angle of the tewn-walls, is con- 
verted info a Solanie Garden. Here 
is one of the host preserved bits of 
the wall. The celebrated Colchester 
oysters are taken in the Colne, and 
fattened on layituis at Wivenhoe 
and Brightlingsea. The eielnaive 
right to this fishery is held by the 
town, under a charter ot Kiohard I. 
There is a. very large distillery at the 
Hythe, 1) m. below the town, up to 
which the Colue is navigable. Tbe 
chnrcb at Bera-ehureh, close to Col- 
chester, has an early Dec. W. porbil. 



COLEFOUD—COKISTON. 



excellent in detail and monldingg. 
The TDonnmonta in the Audley Chapel, 
and one by CbaJitre; in the chancnl, 
desecTe notice. The little Noim, Ck. 



Borne lemarhable mural pfiictiiigs. 

Coleford (Glouccst.j, 5 va. from 
Monmouth Slat,, and 8 m. frota Ljd- 
nej Staf., whence coach runs twice 
each weel-daf , is a miningTiown 
the bordera of the Forest of Dean (In 
Angel), 

£zcurticru.-~2 m. on Monmonth road 
io SlatmUm Ch,, of eood late Nonn. 
On a hill, i m. S.W., u tho BuekeUme, 
an ancient British rocking-gtone, 55 fL 
in circumference at top, and height of 
12 ft. Ooitlinuethewftli totheXymin 
(glorioni riewa over the Tale of Wje), 
and ao on to Monmottth (see Wye Tour). 

CoLSORTOH, see Aikbg-de-la-Zoueh. 

COLKBH1I.L, Bee Farittgdon and Smin- 

Colne (Lane), BUt L. & V. Btf. 
(7nn.' Swan), ia an ancient little town 
on the boraerg of Lancashire and 

Yorksliire, and lupposed to have been 
the Bomau ColtiQio. The maun&cture 
of cotton goodB forms the staple trade 
of the town. The Ch., leth cent., 
ooDtaina a carved wood-screen. Old 
HotitM in the neighbom'hood — (a) 
Bamiide, 3 m. E., wrmerly belonged 
to tile Priory of St. John of Pontefrait 



Forest, tl 



,t of the CunliCTeB, 



Colwlcli (Stafib.>-8tat. L. & 

S. W. Bly. and Jnnc. with N. Staff. 

line— 6} m. from Stafford, and* 6 m. 

tmn Armitage (Blat). The Ch., close 

to the statioQ, conteJiis (a) efflgy of Sir 

William Woljeley, and (6) tomba of 

the AnBODB. Woittley Hatt (Bir 0. 

Wolaeley) is inteleatii^ as being the 

only example of a chartered deer-Uap 

in England, lija. &ocnColwioh stat. u 

BkngbOTOugh Fork (E. of Lichfield), 

and S m. N. is Ingtitre, the fine Jsco- 

been mansion of E. of Bhrewsbury. 

CoLWTN, see Conwoy. 

CoMBH Floht, see tavrdori. I 

CouBE Mabtjh, lee I/ynlon. I 

CoMBKBUEBE Abbbt, Bee Whitchurch, 

COHBS, 



CoMPTOB (Hants.), BMWiachmler. 
COBPTOH {Surrey), eee Chuldford. 
CoMFTON Pabta, see JUorebm-in- 

CoNiBBOROBGH, SOB DoneoOer. 

CoNiBKBAD Pbiobt. aoo UlveriUm. 

ConlMtOn (IsncB.). — Inni: 
Waterbead H, ; Crown ; the Lake 
Bank H., at foot of lake — is one of 
tbe moat charming resorts of the 
Lake District. Tbe village is sitn- 
ated at tbe foot of the Old Man 
<26S3 n.) and of Wetherlam. and 
at the head of the lake, wluch is 
6 m. long and j m. broad. It oan be 
eaailj visited from Ambltnde, S m., 
les and chor-K-baucs daily; Irom 
Bowness (Bee Windermere) by coach, 
leaving daily about 9.S0 A.11. and 
arriving at Ferry 10,15 a.h., Htuckei- 
head 10.45, and Conitbm 12.30 (this 
coach returns from Coniston about 
?M.. same day); and from the 8. 
B.W. by Fumess Bailway from 
frougUoH to Omielon Btat. A steam 
gondola plies up and down the lake 
tiiree times a (lay. Visitors holding 
any of the Glrotdar Tonr tickets 
are strongly recommended to break 
their journey here. It may be 
reached Irom Ambleside, after pass- 
ing Clappengate, \ m., and Brailtav 
Bridge, either by tbe central track 
taken by the public conveyances 
to itom* Qaie Jnn. or by a more 
weaterly and pleasant route (10 

,, fallowing tbe road for Little 
Langdale to Sketwilh Bridge, 3 m.; 
Coltnith Bridge, 4} m. ; thence, after 
continuing for about S m. along tbe 
base of Oienfell, descending into the 
beautiful glen 0/ Tewdfde. 2 m. ftem 
Coniston ; or by the Hftwksbcad road 
which turns off to I., 2 m. irom 
Ambleside, visiting first that town 
and Eatbwaiie 'Water. Examiimi. 
■(a) Up and down the lake in 
steam gondola, (b) Walk or drive 
round the lake, 14 m., ^saing 

W. shore Coniston Hall, Torver 
(Stat.), Lake Bank Hotel (here plea- 
sure boats may be hired for fishing, 
&0.), cmssbg, at foot of lake, the 
riverCrake,by Bowder Bri^: thence 
throngh village of Ntbthwaite, by Fir 
isle, to Wktcrbcod. The finest views 



an &Dm the E. shore, (c) Asceiit of 
Conition Old JHdn, 2 hn. ; charge for 
pony, Sf. Follow the r^ular pony- 
track. Some alate qoarriea and copper 
mines ore passed anring the aacent, 
also the N. aide of Leven Wai^, the 
largest and ooe of the niotrt beaatiful 
of the monntiuD tsms. Thin Iud lies 
between the Old Man and Wetherlam, 
and from it there is a road to another 
tarn called Low Water. Wetherlam 
shoold be viaited fbr the gnmd and 
varied proapeota it affords. From it 
the return ma; be mode to Coniston 
through Tilberthwaite and Yewdale. 
An easier, thongh leta ptctatceqac, 
ascent maj be made fnaa Torver, 
faking the railway to that Tillage, 
2 m. By this route, OaUt Water, a 
tarn between the Old Man and Dow 
Crag, is passed, (d) Ascent of Blach 
Combe (see SOecroft). {e) DudtUm 
V/Uley (see BrougUon), a, channiiig 
exclusion, (/) Tarn Hoot, a, delight- 
fat ramble due N. of the lake, return- 
ing either h; Yewdale on 1., or by 
Hawkahead roadoort. (g) ToLangdale 
(Dungeon Gill), by Tilberthwaite Glen 
(higluj piotofesque), and Blea Tarn 
9m. 

COKWar (Caemarron.), 225 m. 
from LondwuL. A N.W.Ely,: 1 br. 10 
min. by ^t train from Cheetei. Irms .- 
Castle ; Erskine Arma, The town 
stands on the Conway, which is croaaed 
by the naoefol SaniamiM Bridge, 
and the Tubular Bridge, 400 ft. long, 
for the railway. Clotiely overhangtog 
the railway, rt., are the Cosfle WaBt, 
vbich are atrengtheDed at intervals 
by 21 towers and entered by 3 prin- 
cipal gateways with 2 strong towora; 
the general ehape is triang^ar, the 
base being occupied by the wonder- 
folly piotureaque Caifle, erected, as 
were also the walls, by £dw. I. in 
1284 ; in plan it is nearly a parallelo- 
gnan, with 8 drum -towera 40 ft. in 
diameter ; Hm principal feature in the 
interior, which is unequally divided 
by a cross wall, is the hall of Llew- 
eiyn, 130 ft. long.now roofless; 2 atone 
arches remain ; it is lighted by 9 B.-E. 
ivindows; the 2 B. towers are called 
the King's and Queen's, in the latter 
of which is a beantiftd little oratory 



(FAY. 128 

with groined loof, cells, and oonfe»- 
sional ; in the lower cluunber are some 
carious fragments of Dec tracing ,- on 
8. side is Uie keep and a tower called 
Twrdam, or the Broken Tower, the 
base of which is completely excavated. 
In the town Plat Maur is a good 
example of a 16th-cent. domestic tim- 
bered building; the King's Head and 
the Black Lion (1580) Inns also re- 
taui traces of antiquity ; the College, in 
Caatle^tieet, has cnnons window and 
armorial bearings of the Stanley bmily ; 
the CkarA, which dates from 11B5, 
has Deo, tower with Perp. additions, 
and Deo- though modernised, nave, 
with niche in B. side of peculiar 
beauty; the chancel is E. Dec, with 
Perp. stained glass E. window ; it con- 
tains a flue rood loft and chancel 
stalls, a good Perp. fbnt, a good sfireen, 
said to have been brought from Mae- 
nant Abbey, and some indsed monu- 
mental stones. 

ExairtioM. — 2 m, W., on summit of 
the Conway Mount, are tracei of the 
fortified British town of OaUa Caer ■ 
Sewn, vrith cyttiau inside : it com- 
mands views of other fortifled poets, 
such as on Penmaenmawr, Llandudno, 
Pencae Helen, &c; the visitor may 
eirteud the valk to the outpost of 
Craig-y-Ddinas, and thence return to 
Oonway through lovely vale of Sych- 
nant, near tcf> of which ia an echo ; or 
else descend to the quiet little seaside 
village of Dmsus/jtati {Jim .- ■Vict<*ia), 
which has Mr accommodation ; the 
(onrist may henoe follow the Nant 
Dacat Llwynog, through a glen rt,, 
past a wood, to a pretty wat^all, or, 
atopping abort of the wood, turn I. up 
the hills to the celebrated Maen-y- 
Campian. an upright stone. 

(2). To Ptnmaenmaier, 4} m. (10 
min. by rail), a charmingly quiet and 
beautiM spot situated at Ibot of mas- 
Bive bill of that name (1545 it). Itau: 
Penmaenmawr Hotel, spaoious and 
KOod; Wyatt's Boarding House, com- 
iortable. On the summit of the hill 
are many early remains : (a) the Bri- 
tish ■poetofBTaicJt-y-Ddimu, anrmaunt- 
ing Dinas Penmaen, a conical hill on 
the table-surface of Penmaenmawr; 
loose stone walls 12 (L high and 12 tt. 



124 



CONWA T—COS WEN. 



thick may b« traced ; (b) on a plateau 
near eminence of Motif™, about 1 m. 8., 
are cameddaii, meiniheirioc, and oirclea 
— Y Meini Heirioo, the most reroack- 
Bble, coQiuBting of 10 ajtrigbt atones, 
with some smaller ones ; from Fen- 
maenmairr the touiiBt maj proceed 
5 m. W. to Aber (lee), paetdn!!; 2 m. 1. 
the pretty little watering-place of J-ion- 
fairfedum (Stat.;, or, t^ing the Roman 
road which nme from Aber S. of the 
monntaia, proceed throngh solitary posa 
of Bwldi~y-ddenfaea.i where are many 
erect Btones and a cromlech, to Goer- 
han {tee below). 

(3), To Gaerhun and Uanrael ; the 
road on 1. bank of the Conway in 
uBually taken by oarrmgea ; that on 
the rt. bank is mora picture«qne, bnt 
not convenient for visiting the water- 
lyie; leaving tbe town, beneath the 
walla a fhie view ia gained of tbe town 
and castle from oppoaito hill : at } m. 
on rt. the Church of Gggin has good 
E.-E. font and doornay ; for the first 
2 m. the viewa of river and vale are 
Bbut out by high ground; at 4J a. 
from Conway ia Caerkun (H. D. Grif- 
flths, Esq.), whose grounds contain the 
lemains of tbe important station of 
Canovium ; tbe tmxe are a little behind 
the ofa.-yd., and foundations of a Boman 
villa and a hypocaust may be traced ; 
immediately opposite Caerhun, ~~ 
other side of the river, and about 1) 
from Tfll-y-Cafn ferry and railway 
station, ia Llya Syberi, which well do- 
serves a visit ; from Caerhun it ia 7 
to LUinrwit (which s«), passing wat 
fells on the Afim Porihlvryd and A/on 
Dha ; a steamer also plies dawn the 
Conway to Trefriir, 2i m. short of 
Llanrwst, 

(i). To Cduyn, &a.; i 



Bant little bathing place of Colmyn 
{CoedPeOaH.; Cclviyn Baa H.), 2 la. 
1. of which, higher np on the hills, ia 
the F/mmon, or cursing well of Elian ; 
from Cotwjn it is 4 m. E. to Han- 
duiiu (see Abergele). 

(S). To lAoTuiudno (which tee) and 
the Orme's Head, i m. by road oi 

DUtatieeg (by rail).— Bangor, 15 m. i 



Llanrwst, 12 m. ; Bettwa-y-Coed, 

" ". m. ; Abergele, iO mio. ; Rbyl, 50 min. 
CooKHiM, SCO Thamee. 
CooMBB, see Kingetoa-on-Tliamet. 
Coopeb'b Hill, see Egham. 
COFFOBD, see Colcheetir, 
CoquEC ISUND, s 



CoBTB Oastlk, see Wareham. 
CoBNDoy MouNT.aee Bithop't CaMe. 
CoBNHiLL, see Wooler. 

COBNWOHTHY, 866 Totnet. 

rombam ^WUIs.). Btat.,O.W. 
Kly., between Chtppenlunn and Baik. 
Inn: Melbuen Anns. The town, or 
rather yiUsge, lies j m. on the rt. It 
was a residence of the Bason Mngs, 
and afterwards of the Earls of Corn- 
wall. A very extensive trade is car- 
ried on in stone, there beingseveral large 
freestone quarries in tbe neighbonr- 
hood. . The Ckureh ia a fine buildinet 
witi central E.-E. tower finely groined. 

"■" arcades are Norm.; there 

Dec. windows. There is a 









elaborately carved wood screen, with 
a canopy of &n tracery, in the N. 

Corehma Court is the seat of Lotd 
iletbnen. The S. front is a charming 
example of the Elizabethan style. The 
N. Iront and other parts have been 
reconstmcted from a good Italian de- 
sign by Charles Belluny. There ia 
gallery of very valuable paintings, 
._ great part collected by Sir Paul 
Methuen, the ambassador to Madrid, 
who died 1757. Btrangera are per- 
mitted to view the pictares. In tiie 
surrounding park are trees of magnl- 
fioent growth, particularly cedan and 
oriental plimes, one of the latter being 
probably the largest of its kind in 
England. 

Biddeilim, 3 m. N. of Corsham, coa- 
aiats of 2 parishes, Bt Nicholas and 
St. Peter's, each once remarkable for 
a ch. vrith an ancient and very jno- 
turesiiue bell-turret. St Nicholas still 
remains, with a Norman turret over 
the chancel arch, and a S. doorway 
and font in tbe same style. 

Conr en (Merioneth,) Btat,G.W. 
Bty. Y^Buabon and Llangoll^i (Inn: 
*OwBin Oljndvr, vhere tiMtets ma; be 



COR WEN— CO VENTST. 



bad for trout, &D., fl^hins in the Dee) 
— *qmet little town in pretty vatlej at 
fbot of Moel Ferna (2050 ft.), part of 



ofaeveisl important roods, viz., toLlan- 
goUen, BattuD, Wrexham, Llanmst, 
aad Bala ; for fishermen it is a capital 
station. Gaar Drem/n, a laree fortifled 
post on I. bank of Dee, well deaexv^ 
a Tiait; on opposite side of the rixer, 
above the town, ia Owain OlfOdwr'B 
Beat, approached by a steep path past 
the ob., and aflording a capital view of 
vale of Oorwen ; thia was uaed' a» an 
encampment by Glyndwr, and aI«o by 
Owain Gwjnedd ; in the restored Ch., 
whicb baa fine old rooC observe mona- 
mental semi-effigy of Bulien, once vicar 
of Corwen, wilii inscription: in church- 
yard is a cross called the Sword of 
Olyndwi, and in chancel wall, over 8. 
door of the cL^ a hole in the wall, 
ascribed bj tradition to his dagger 
bedng flang there in a quarrel. 

S^euTiiojti (b* road). — To Bala by 

(a) Bala road, 12 m., or by (b) Vale of 
EdeyrnioD, 13 m., the views by latter 
being incomparably finer ; (a) at 1 
m, is Rag (Hon. O. H. Wjnn); here 
are still preserved Owain's knife, fork, 
and dagger ; within the grounds is 
enriouB old private cbape! of the 
Tauehan. fanuly, of Jacobean type, 
bearing dale 16jft — the carving of the 
seats is remarkably good ; about 2 or 
3 m. N.W. of Bng is ch. of Bettws 
Gwerfal Gocb, which has very inter- 
esting screen; j nL further on, at 
JDnuI Inn, the Bala road, which follows 
the Nantfranan lo ite very source, turns 
L. and a road to Pentrevoelas turns rt. ; 

(b) at 1 m. is Uangar ch. ; 1 m. fur- 
ther on, at Cynaydd, a rood rt. croasei 
the Dee to join rente to Pentrevoelas 
8 m. beyond Cvnwydd, at the village of 
lAatuirillo (Stit.)— Jim: Dadley Anns 
— a road L ascends glen of the Afbn 
Dinam to join at S m. the "Milter- 
gerig " road to Llanrhaiadr (see £ala] ; 
an excnrsion of 9 m. may be made from 
Llfmdrillo to Pistyll Hhaiadt above 
Iilanrhaiadr Moobtiaiit (see Oneetlry) ; 
the road at 1 m. beyiHid Llandiilloaow 
irinds at foot of a wooded steep, and at 
2 m, bom same place Orogt* (Earl 



Dudley) is passed; Jm. hrtheron the 
tourist may oross the Dee at Pont LUm- 

derfel, and take choice of roads, the 
' ' jet being the northerly one on 1. 
; a little away itam Uie river is 
Llanderfel ch., a good Hpedmen of late 
Perp., temp. Hen. VIII., and has re- 
markably good screen, also carious re- 
cumbent wooden horse, and a staff, both 
known as St. Dervel's ; on 1. is fVoK- 
haidog (Mrs. Daviea). and on opposite 
bank Pale (H. Bobertson, Esq., M.P.) : 
soon after Llanderfel the valley iCmotrt 
closes, and finishes at Calettwr with a 
nobly wooded eminence; 3} m. beyond 
Llanderfel Ihe other roaid from Corwen 

joined at Llanvor, whence it ia IJ m. 

I Bala. To HangolUa 16 m. by val- 
ley of the Dee (see UangoUat). To 
BiUhin by direct road 12 m. ; or by 
Oemant Slate Quarries and Llandegla, 
16 m. (see Bvlhia). To Cerrig-y-Dru- 
UionlOm. Ataboutlm.W. ia Jfius- 
-, the beautifully wooded seat of 
Mrs. Keir; abont l^m. beyond wbii^ 
the striking and romaotio Fonl-y- 

i/tt, where a deep chasm is crosed by n 

idge of 1 arob of 50 ft. span, spring- 
ing from 2 sheer and sharp rocks, 
bmeatli which the river rashes over a 
I of rocky slopes into a deep glen ; 
about 3 J m. farther ou, on rt, is the forti- 
fied post of Pen^iur, assigned by tradi- 
tion te Curacteous : i m. further on is 
the primitive Welsh viliags, Cirrig-y- 
Dntidina—-" Stones of the Heroes " 
(Inn .- Lion) ; hence a road rt. of about 
15 m. leads by Llanvihiin^ and Fool 
Pork to Buthiu, the main road con- 
tiuuing about 5J m. to Pentrevodiii 
(Hotel: Voelas Arms), whence it is 



Diikauxe (by rail).— Bala, } hr.; 
Dolgelley, 1} hr. ; Llangollen, 35 min. 

COBYS, see IMpettey. 

CosTOCK, see Loughborough. 

OoTHELE, see CalOoek. 

CcnTFENHAM, See Cambridge. 

CoTTBBSTOOK, Bee OandU. 

CoTTiNoaiu, see Hull. 

CovEKnuE, see Loae»to/l. 

Coventry (Warwick.). Stat., 
L. 4 N. W, Bly., 9* m. from London. 
InM: OraveQ Arms; Bong's Head; 
Oastle. A town actively employed in 
the maDnfitcture of ribbons, watches. 



136 



CJUNBBOOK—CBATEN ASMS. 



cftrpete, &o. It was ooe of Uie chief 
Bents of tlie EotIb of Mercio, and it wiid 
to have been made toU-&ee by LeoMc, 
according to the well-known legend, 
"le inatigatioD of I«dy Godira Ms 









"Peeping Tom," &e only iohabilant 
irho broke the command of Ladj Go- 
diva, IB repreeented looking through a 
hole in the wall at comer of Hertiord- 
Rtreet. St. Mii^tad't Oh. (Parp.) has 
ft beentiiiil apite (303 ft, higo) aud 
Btained-glasa windows. The windows 
in N. and 8. side of chancel are to 
the memoTj of Qneen Adelaide. Soly 
3Wn%, or the FHory CA^ also has a 
Temarkahl? fine spiie. 5 m. S., and 
Hime distance boni Leaniin^im, \a 
KeniheorOi (King's Aims Hotel), 
which should be Tutitad for the sake 
of the fine mina uf the old Caatle. 
Bny guide-book at entrance. Near 
the rains la the Ch. of St. NicMae, 
with remarkabl;; fine and ricb!]r 
moulded Norm, archway at W. en- 
trance (see Warteiek). Slaneletgh 
Ahbey (Lord Leigh) is 1 m. 8. of 
Covent^. It contuns highly intei- 
esting paintini;s, inclDdin^ tite por- 
trait of Lord Byron by Pliiliijis. 

CoTEiucK Cove, see Edilaa. 

CoviBHAll, see NorOtaiUrUm. 

CowBBiDaE, ace Cardiff. 

CowDKAT, see Midhvnt. 

CowB (East and West), see Wight, 

CowTflOBFx, see Harrogate. 

CoxwBLL, see Faringdim. 

Cranbrook (Kent). 6 m. bom 
SlapUkma Stat., B. E. BIy. (Jnn: 
SouHi-Eaatern Hotel), whence a coach 
inns 3 times daily. 7?uu.' George; 
Ball. The prinoipal market town of 
the Weald. The old importance of 
the place arose from its being the 
centre of the clothing trade, intro- 
duced by the body of Flemings, whom 
£d«ud ni. iodnoed to settle in Eng- 
land. The woiks ceased abont the 
beginning of the present century, but 
there are still some pictniesque re- 
mains of the old fBctories in the prin- 
oical street. 

n the village of Ooudhunt, 3 m. W., 



Suaire-foiled circles in each spandreL" 
; is of the 15th cent. S. of Oond- 
horst, at aa elevation of 850 ft, lies 
Bedgebwy Park (A.J. Beiesfbrd Hope, 
Esq., T/LP.). The inteiior is remark- 
able foi the ornamented ceilings, the 
pictures and cMua, the grand staircase 
with its Beauvais tapestry, and tlie 
private Chapel. , 

At Kilndomn, adjoining the Park, 
1 m. off the load between Tunbridge 
and Hastings, is a small Church, boUt 
aboat 1S40. It haa been richly deco- 
rated by Mi. Bereeford Hope with 
painted glass, lood-screen, stone pulpit, 
painting, gilding, &c,, the effect of 
which is gorgeous. 

2 m. N.E. of Cianbiook aie the great 
entrance, and other remwns of Siming- 
hvTit, a very stately honae, buUt by ffir 
John Bakei. temp. Heniy VII. 

Cranbrook will be found a good 
centre &om which to explore the 
picturesque country lying on the 
Susaes border. 

CBANMBaB Pool, see DartuMor. 
Oftven Arms (Salop)— June, 
G. W, RIy., ftom Welliagton ; Shrews, 
and Heref. line ; and Cent. Walea, 
L. &N.W. Bly. Inn: Craven Anna, 
at junction of Shrewsbury, Ludlow, and 
Knighton loada — a convenient halt- 
ing place for tho geologiat or the 
tourist, wishing to explore Corvedale, 
Apedaie, and the scenery of Wenlock 
Edge. Stokftay Ccuik, IJ to., is one 
of the finest examples in England of a 
castellated mansion of 13th cent. The 
entrance to courtyard is by a fine old 
timber gate tower adorned with car- 
Tinga. Notioe the obliqne openings 
of the lower windows to prevrait the 
entrance of arrows ; also the 16th- 
cent. fireplace in printnpal room over 
the cellar, N. wing. The tower and 
ball, the latter having a fine open- 
work timber loof, sie partly in ruina. 
The antiquary mil also inspect with 
interest the old parish Ghtadk near tha 
Castle. 

The Ludlow and the United packs 
of Foxhounds hunt the neighbourhood : 
and good trout fishing may be had in 
the river Honey, permission to be ob- 
tained from J. D. Alcioft, Esq. 
Oars, Tllti (Kent), are four 



TBE CBAYS—CBEWKEBNE. 



contignouB ptJiBhea eitnated on the 
little river Cm;, above Bexle;. Tlieir 
order in desceuding the river is — Bt. 
Mary Cray. SI. Paul's Cray, Foott 
Cray, and North Cray, The Boeneij 
of the CrafB is varied and pletuiug; 
there aie woods to explore ; hop gar- 
dens, fruit £irms, paper mills, to visit ; 
changes and antiquities to examine ; 
altogether a day may bo very well 
spent in wandering over them. 

Foofi Cray ia situated on the Cnij, 
where it is oroBsed by the Maidstone 
I'oad, 11 m. from London, 1} m. S.E. 
of the Sidcnp Slat, of the S. E. Ely. 
(low line). Jnn; the Tiger's Head, 

Fooft Cray Place, N. of the Cbnioh 
' (E. Elias Hope, Esq.), was built 1752 
"fiom a design bjPalladio." Thechief 
feature is the octagonal hall, which * 
the whole h^ht <» the building. 

North Cray is about ) m. ^m IToof a 
Gray Gh. aoioas the fields. E. of the 
ChuToh is the still extensive Joyden'i 
Wood. 

Bt. Mary Cray is a Stat on the 
L. 0. & D. Bly. The extensive and 
complex-looking range of buildings by 
the st«ii(m is the paper mill of Messrs. 
JojrnsoQ, one of the largest aud most 
complete in the kingdom, and worth 
seeing if permissiou can be obtained. 
Close by the mill is the Church, a 
large cruciform building, with a tower 
and shingled spire at the W. end. It 
Is of stone and flint, in style late Deo. 
and Perp,, and was restored in 1862. 
S. of the chonoel is a hagioscope. 
There are several remarkable brauet. 

St. Pauei Cray, ^ m. N. of St Mary 
Cray, is l)eautifiillj situated where tlie 
Btretun runs in a narrow valley between 
the bills. The scattered cottages 
hardly form a village ; the church 
stands apart on the hillside, and the 
most con^icuons object by the rivet 
is the large but not picturesque water- 
mill of Mr. W. Nash. 

The CAunA {St Paul or PauHnui) 
will repy a visit The chnichyard, 
which IS enteied by a modem lich- 
gate, aCTords pleasant views along the 
liver. Observe the lock to the ola oak 
door of the tower, inscribed, 

U(de lU) lock, 1(31.* 



137 



Tiverton. 
Cbeswell, see Morpelh. 
Crewe (Oheabire), June Btat 
L. ie N. W. Bly., 15S m. &om 

London, with branch lines to Vt- 
toieler (N- Staffs. Ely.) ; to Market 
Drayton and Wellington (G. W. Jtly.) ; 
to Oswestry and Weiah Coast (Cam- 
brian Hly.). Jnn: •'Crewe Arms, ad- 
joining station, very good. Crewe Mouse 
(Lord Crewe) is a fine Elizabethan 
mansioii near the station. It has Ixen 
well restored in imitation of the 
original, built by Inigo Jones. The 
interest of the visitor will centre on 
the railway works of the L. & N. W. 
Ely. Compy. To visit the«e, a letter 
had better be addressed at lesst the 
day before to the Chief Superinten- 
dent. The most interesting portjotis 
are tho Engine Shed, the locomotive 
bctoriea, and 1 m. beyond, the Steel 
Works. These last are speci^Iy inter- 
esting, and the visitor may have an op- 
portunity of seeing the Bessem er process 
atwork(aeealsoSft«jB«M). 4 m. B.W. 
ia Nanlieich (Jnn : I&mb), whence 
trains run to Whitchurch, 9 m., and 
Shrewsbury, 28 m. The Chmeh is a 
very fine cruciform building of 14th 
cent. Sandiack June, is 4 m, N.K. 
(Jnn ; Wheatsheaf). Prom here the 
tourist can proceed to Nottkwich and 
Manchester. In the tovm are two re- 
markable crosses suppled to be of 
ear^ Saxon date. 

Crewheme (Somerset.). Stat., 
8. W.Ely. {There ia daily communi- 
cation 1^ omniboa with Beominster, 
6i m., and JBridpoTt,l2i m.) Lmt: 
•George; BedLion. The Caarcft, dedi- 
cated to St Bartholomew, is one of 
the two finest cruciform churches in 
the counl?, the other being at Ihain- 
star. It is a beautiful apecimen of the 
Perp. of the 15th cent., of remart- 
able richness, the windows of the N. 
transept being especially worthy of 
notice. The liarmonious simplicity of 
the W. front, with its octagonal tur- 
rets, the W. door and its ornamentation, 
deserve particular attention. 

The Fra Grammar Sdiool, on the 
N. side of the church, was founded 
1499 by John Combe, a native of Crew- 



CBICCIETS-CBICKLADE. 



quiet, for ii 



SitOon St. Gtorge (Earl Poulett) iB 
S m. N. W. It is ocoaBionall; bIiowd. 
The gaiden boat is attributed to Iniga 

3 m. N.E. of Crewkerne Stat. 
ia Weit CItinnoek, whece there is a 
laige mauu&ctoiT of Bail cloth. Along 
the hill further E. are the villageB of 
Middle and Eatt Chinnock, all with 
ehorohcti of some interest. The roed 
from Crowkerne to Chard, 8 m., afibrda 
a good yiew of Crewkeme, together 
with ila backgionDd, Peiidonur 
Dmoa, and the oanical knoll of Crook 
WindiehUlle Inn, half-way, is a 
faTourite point of view. 

Crlccleth (CaeraarvoD.), 21m. 
by rail from CaemarroD ; al«oincluded 
in L. and N. W. Saowdon Ciicaliir 
Tour. Inn : George IV. A desirable 
watcrinn^-place for those who prefc 

' ' ' "s pure air and bciltties 

i8oftbeCa<(I«,aaid to be temp. 
BdwHrd I., conaiating of a few frag- 
ments of wall, and a gateway with two 
lather naBsive towers, are finely situ- 
ated on tongue of high rook mnning 
out into the sea; the view flrom it of 
the opposite coast is extensiTe and 
beantiful. 

Excu.riiom.—1o PwUheli 
beautiful coast walk affording lovely 
views of opposite coast ; at 2 m. W. 
the UwjGich and Dwyfewr rivers are 
orofised at village of LlanystumdtBy, 
tk sweetly sitnated little spot, with 
church almoat covered with ivy; SJ 
m, further on, on rt., is Broom Salt 
(Owen Evans, Esq.) : I^ m. beyond 
which is village of JbtrerA, with pic- 
turesque Church, with remarkably 
long N. aisle and a bell-tower ; IJ m. 
farther on is Pwllheli. To Nevin, 
16 m., a fishing village at foot of Cam 
Bodnan (Jnn .- Ty Carrig) ; at about 
2 m. beyond Llanystumdt^ (Bee ante], 
a road of 4 m. leads to Four Crouet, 
whence it is 8 or 9 m. fo Nevin. To 
YrEifi, &•:., about 12 in.; a road rt. 
tVom Four Croieea leads 4 m. to village 
of LlanaeBtalant, whence ascent of Yr 
Eifl may be made : from hence, those 
who wish to make a longer excurBion 
may_ pioceed to Nevin by baiutifiil 
Kutb of about 7 m., visiting tho pass 



Uda Chnrch of FittM (see PwUheU 
and Cli^nog). To Ft^tmadoe, 5 m., 
passing at S nt. Femaorfa, with its 
Church; from Portmadoc tile excur- 

eitended about S m. 

passing at 6} m. Pont 
Aberglasllyn, or (2) 7 m. to Ihn-j- 
bvjlch. An oicurHioii of about 7 m. 
may be made to Dolbenmaen, by pro- 
ceeding to Llanystimidwy. and uience 
foLowing course of the Dwyfawr, on 
banks of which some oiomlechs still 
exist. An excursion may also be made 
by rail to Santlle (see Caernamoii), 
for NanOle Lakeg and Llyn Cwdlyn ; 
hence the tourist maypioi^ed through 
pass of Drat-y-Coed to Pont Shyddu, 
whence he may (I) return 1 m. to 
Nantlle ; or (2) proceed 9 m. to Caer- 



„(3> t 



Pv^lheli, Caernarvon), 
CaiUKBOWELL, see Brecon. 
Crlcklade (Wilts.), 3 m. rt of 
e Purton Stai, G. W. Ely. Inn: 
White Hart. Thia town ja situated on 
the leii, 10 J m. from W. Cnidwell, one 
of the sources of the Thames, and 
about as far from Bt. John's Bridge 
loar Lechlade, the terminus of the 
iver navigation. Itis a phkoe of great 
intiquily, and was once a famous seat 
of learnmg. According to tradition, 
the University of Oxford is said to 
have been established by the migra- 
tion tbitlier ot the claasica] professors 
of Groeklade (Cricklade) and LaUn- 
lode (Leehlade). 

St. Sam»oH't Church is crtioifonn, 
with pinnacled central tower. The 
lantern is internally decorated with 
armorial shields, and contains a curious 

Dotcn'Avtpney, 2 m. N., the pro- 
perty of IjOiS St. Germans, is sitnated 
on the border of the county, the 
gardens being partly in Glouoestet- 

The Great HaU, now a kitchen, 
bears date 1537; and the Gate-houM 
is apparently temp. Hen. VIII. 

Contiguous to the mansion is the 
Church of Down-Ampney, inpart the 
original Templar building. The camp 
of CaiUe EiU ia 4 m. S.E. 



CROMER— CBOilFOSD. 



129 



Croft Spa, eeo DarliagUin. 

Cromer (Norfolk). Jnni.- 
'Hotel deParia; Tucker's; Bellevae. 
Stat G. E. Bl;., 21 m. from Norwich. 
A fishing tilukge, which hog become 
nneh teqnentod aa a, bathing-place. 
It ia quiet, and the landward scenery 
J8 very pretty, and for those who prefer 
fine sea and pleasant scenery to the 
attractions of large wateriog "towns," 
it ia the most agreeahle re^rt on the 
eiuilem coaat Cromer stands high, 
bnt is sheltered by wooded hills, and 
commands a view of the bay culled the 
"Devil's Throat." The cMb are lofty, 
occasionally 200 ft, high, and the sea 
ia advaucinK upon the land with 
alarming rapidity. 

The SipUinade is a pleasant walk, 
and the new from (he end of the .jetty 
is very pictaresque and un-EneliBh, 
The bathiug is good. To the ^Togist 
the shore and cUfta are full of interest. 

The Ch. is a fine Forp. bnUding of 
flint and freestone, having a tower 
159 ft. high, with a poculisj and rich 
Kirapet. The chancel ia in ruinH. 
From Cromer Jetty the Noraich Crag 
rises to the top of the cliffs at Wev- 
imime, 7 m. N.W. A remarkable 
Forett-bed rests on the chalk, B. of the 
jetty. The interior of the ob. is very 
fine, and mnst have been superb when 
the chancel was standing. 

The iBa&t in the neighbonihood are 
numerous and pleasant. 

The LighOiouie on the high ground, 
about 1 m. E., should be visited, and a 
continuation of the walk, in the direc- 
tion of Sideatrand (poil), will afford ei- 
oellent proof of the rapidity with which 
the cliffs are receding. Enormous 
masses of "land-slip" are seen, partly 
in ruins on the beach below, and partly 
resting half-way down. 

Ftotu the lighthouse a field-path 
may be followed to Orvrttrand, 2 n 



(b, fialiing village), and Trimingham, 
where the cliffs are 300 fL high. 

1 m, S. of Overstrand is tforlA Beppi 
HaU (L H. Gumey, Esq.). It was 
the seat of the late Sir T. Fowell 
Buxton, Bart,, so well known for his 
^orla to extinguish Atrican slavery. 



raa buried in the mined chancel 

of the little ch. of Overttnaid. The 
old walls overrun with ivy, the build- 
ing itself, and the Burrouadiug scenery, 
are highly pictuieaque. 

On the otner side of Cromer, a jilea- 
sant walk may be taken to Felbrigm, 
21 m. (the oh. ia 1 m. further). CftJto 
tbe road that paaaea Cromer HaU (B. 
Bond Cabell, Esq.), and then running 
througli the woods leads to the lodge 
at Fmrigge Park (John Kotton, Esq.), 
The house was the ancient seat of me 
Felbriggea and the Windbams, The 
ch., a small Perp. building in the 
oomer of the park, contains some re- 
markable branet. A plenaant drive 
may be taken to Sheringham (Zi m. 
beyond Felhrine Ch.), returning by 
J^imfrfonandFelbricge (about 12 m.). 

Take the Holt road, and after pas- 
sing the turn to Fclbrigge, 1. a road 
tunis rt. on an open heath, on which 
is an entrenchment called the " Roman 
Camp," the view from which is perhapa 
the finest in Norfolk, and should be 
seen hy all visitors to Ciomer. On 
this and the neighbouring heaths are 
hundreds of circular pits, which are, to 
all appearance, the foundations of hnts, 
and probably mark the settlements of 
a prinuDval population. 

At BeeiUm, 1 m. N.B. of Bhering- 
bam (8 m. from Cnaner), are the ruina 
of a priory, founded for Angustinian 
canons, temp. John, Beeeton Hill is 
the highest point of the cliffs west- 

Excunion.— Wellt. 21 m, via HoU, 
12 m., for Binham Abbey and Holk- 

Cromford (Derby.X Slat, (for 
Wirkswotth, 3 m.). Midland Hly. 
Inn : Greyhound. Close to the Crom- 
ford Bridge over the Derwent is WH- 
lersUy CatOe (P. Arkwright, Esq.), in 
a charming eitnatioo, the gcudeus and 
grounds (open to visitors on Mondays) 
stretching up the sides of Wild Oat 
Tor and facing Scarthing Tor. In the 
ch. is the grave of Sir B, Arkwright; 
the inventor of the water-frame for 
spinning, and a monument by Chan- 
trey to Mrs. Arkwright 

Extmnion to Bomail, a. very pretty 
village, with a curiously omamentea 



130 



CBOSB t—GBOYDOS. 



Kpire to the ch. Jnn: P^ of Lead. 
Ascend Matum'i Sm (1100 ft. above 
eea) and descend on MaUoek (i ' 

CaOBatLL, Bee Wickaar. 

Crosby (Lane), 1| m. &om 
OroBbj Stat, L. 4 Y. Bly., L'mol and 
Southport Branch ( Jnn .- Blimdell 
Anna) — is amuch frequented watering- 
place. A Bbort dlBlance N. is LitUe 
Crosbf, where Iheca is a beautiftU 
Rom. Cath. Ch. A little further N. U 
IneeBlandeU HoU (T.Weld Blondell, 
Esq.), oonbdning a magnificent collec- 
tion of Bcolptnre and paintings, and 
some splendid tapestry. 

Cbobcoube, sec Shephm JSaHet 

Cross Foies, see BoJgeUey. 

Choss-ik-hahd, aee JtfajySeW. 

Ceosthwatte, see Ketaidc. 

Crocch Ein>, aee Eomtey. 

Crdwcoube, seo TauTiton. 

Crowhubst (Snrrey), see Croydon. 

Cbowhckst (Sussex), see Eaitingt 

Croxden A^et, see Hocnter. 

Croydon (Surrey) a markel- 
town on the Brighton road, 10 m. &om 
London. Innj: Oreyhound (chief); 
Crown ; King's Arms. Croydon has " 



West CToySon Stat., at tlio entrance 
the toivn in the tondon road, which 
serveJi also for the WinibledoD, Croydon, 
and Epaoro branch of the L. & S. W. 
Bly., and is the principal statioa for the 
passenger tiafilc with London ; Wad- 
tZon,theeitTemeW.,isontbe same lino; 
Thondon BeaSt, in Oolliera-Wnter-Iano 
at tho eztremo N., and Selhnrit, ate 
Stats, on tho Strenthnm Common 
branch; Eail Croydon Stat., Addis- 
combe-Toad, is for the Brighton and 
S. E. main lines. Nea Croydon Slat., 
alongside the E. Croydon, and roally one 
station with it. and South CToydon Slat., 
at the eitrema S. of tho town, are for 
Brigbtoa and S. E. short tmffic. Ad- 
Junmi&e Stat., CIvde-road, Upper 
Addiscombe-road, about } m. E. of 
the B. Croydon Stal, is for the Beck- 
enham and Hid Kent Line of the S. E. 
Ely. By one or other of these stations 
ready aoceis is given to any part of 
the town and its inunediate vicinity, 
and &om them all over 300 trains 
•le despatched daily. 



It is a place of great antiquity. 

The Town Hall, m which the assizeB 
are held, is a substantial Bemi-classical 
edifice, built in 1809 by S. P. Cock- 

A new Ch., tnaa the designs of Sir 
G. O. Scott, was opened in 1870, in 

CDe of the fine old ch. deatnmHi by 
, 1867. The tower at the W. and 
the porch at the 8. are the old tower 
and porch restored. The tower ia 
100 ft. high to the parapet, and 121 ft. 



effect. There is a peal of 8 musical 
bells, wilh improved machinery for 
playing the chimes, and a finger board 
forplaying by hani 

The remains of the Palace of the 
ArebbishopB of Canterbury are behind 
the ch. It ceased to be used even as 
an occasional residence &om the elec- 
tion of Abp. Seeker in 17S8, and lay 
quite deserted till sold by anctirm 
under the provisions of an Act of Par- 
liament in 1780. Addinglon Park, 
8^ m. from Croydon, the present ar- 
chiepiscopal residence, was purchased 
in 1807. In its original state, the 
palace, with its offices, formed an ir- 
regular quadrangle, D^mut 156 it. front 
E. to W., and 126 ft. from N. toS. Of 
tho existing remains the Guard Cham- 
ber (1336-1113), the Hall (1M3-52), 
and the Chapel (1633-63), are worth 
seeing. The H<Ul, now attached to a 
great washing and bleaching esta- 
blishment, is of Perp. character, and 
lias its timber roof tolerably perfecL 
The Guard Chamber, 50 ft, by 22 ft., 
having near the centre on one side a 
largo bay window, and on the other 
a lofty fireplace, has been a fine room, 
bat is now divided Ibr laundry pur- 
poses. A little N. ia the chapel, now 
used as a school. 

Whitgift'i Hospital end school stand 
in the higher part of the town. 

Waddon, on tho Wandle, 1 m. W. 
of Croydon Ch,, is a pretty spot, and 
tho w^ b; the Wandle, pest Waddoit 
Mill to Beddington, 2 m. (the old 
manor of the (]arewE), is eitremelj 
pleasant The river here used to 
afford some good fishing. At Wad- 
don (Stat) is an Itm, Oie Hare and 



DALTOK—DABLINGTON. 



131 



Hounds, in some favonr with holiday 
makers. 

CarehaHon (pronoQDced CayahorUm), 
Stat, on the Croydon ft Epsom bmnah 
of the L. B. 4 8. C. RIy., 1 m. W. of 
Beddingiton, ia a pleasant village, 
agreeably Bitaatcd, vith the scenery 
around unusually varied. Inn; Tbe 
Greyhound. 

The Church (All Saints) is laive 
and interesting ; partly of the E.-B. 

Tba Wandla flows through the 
pariah, and in the middle of the vil- 
We forms a lake of over 2 acres, 
which being bridged, and skirted with 
elms, cedars, and willows, imparts 
character and beauty to the place. 

There is a charming walk to Grow- 
bfun Hill and Crowhnrst, about 1 m. 
S.E. of Cioydon. A portion of Uup- 
pa't Hill, W. of the town, has been set 
apart as a public recreation ground. 
It affords extensive views, and there is 
a pleasant stroll item it over Banstead 
Dawns. 

A very pleasant exourBion may be 
made from Croydon to Sand^raUad, 
3 M. : tbence to AddingUm, 2 m. far- 
ther, and West Wickham, 1 m., re- 
turning to Croydon by way of ShirUy 
£a: Bandrock H.), 2 m. from E. 
ydon Stat. The entire distance is 
about 10 m. 

The views from SanderHead, 576 fl. 
■above the sea-level, are worth seeing. 

CBnHLiN, see Neieport (Mor.) and 
PoniypooL 

Cbummock Water, seo Ji^iimVA. 

Crtbtai. Palace, sco Si/denlaim. 

CTJDLlSDwr, seo Oxford (Kxcurs.). 

CDI.BONE, see Lyntoa. 

CvLBAH, see AMiiiidan. 

Cin.LBSC0AT8, eee'Tynemoalh. 

CvUiOHFTON, see Titterton. 

Cdlmstocb, see TiTtertoa. 

GcBBT BiVAL, see Langpoii. 

CcBT, see Helelon. 

CwK Btohas, see IMgeUey and 
Barlech. 

CnfUEit Abbey, see DdgslUy. 

Dale Abbey, see Spondoa. 

DALLiHaTON, see May)ield. 

DnlWn (Lane.)— tj tat, Fnmesa 
Hly. (Jnn; Wellington)— is a small 
town m the very heart of the htema- 



ion district The Cattle, in the 
market-place, is a 2-storied Deo. build- 
ing, now used as B prison. In the ch.- 
yd. is the grave of Itomney, the painter, 
the stone inscribed " pictor celeberri- 

ewnUm*. — 10 min. t^ vail to VU 
teriton ; 3 m. to F^ameu Abbey. 

Daltoh Holme, see Beverieu. 

Danbdbv Hill, see Chdrnt/ord. 

Dnrllnirton (Durham), 232 m. 
from King's-croes rid York, or 257 
m. from St. Pancrna via Leicester and 
York ; 37 min. by rail from Durham ; 
.')0 min. from Newcastle ; 21 hra. from 
Leeds ; 1 br. 10 min. from York ; and 
railway junction for Barnard Castle, 
Bishop's Anckland, Stockton, and 
Hartlepool. Omnibus and flys to town, 
i m. from station. Inn : *King's Head. 
At one end of the large and irregular 
matket-ploce, in centre of the town, 
and on S. bank of the Skeme, is 
the magnifloent CoUegiaU Ch. of St. 
Cuihhert, restored, in 1865, by Scott. 
The original building is 12th cent., 
but the walls of the nave aisles are 
ISth cent, as also the tower and spire. 
To the Dec. period belongs the mas- 
sive alone gallery of the ancient rood- 
loft, with wide-ribbed archway in its 
centre leading from the nave to the 
chancel. Observe, N. of altar, orna- 
mented arch for the Easter Sepulchre, 
and the stalls in chancel carved with 
arms of Bishop Longley. N. of ch.- 
yd. is a curiously'dccoroted old brick 



l«ciitbei]ist on which locomotivcBW'. . 
used, and it owes to that its sudden 
rise in industry and prosperity and 
the increase of its Top. from «500 in 
1830 to 34,000. Here are laotories for 
making and repairing locomotives and 
rolling stock; btast-fumaces, obtain' 
ing iron ore lixim Cleveland, and awl 
from 8. Durham; rail milla, rolling 
mills for making iron plates and bars, 
iron forgings for rly. axles, &c 
Besides the old cb., four modem 

The Quakers are here numerous, 
wealthy, end inflneutial. 
Eecm-nOBt. — 1 m.W. of Darlington, 



132 



VASLINGTOK. 



and i m. 8.E, orCockerton, is Carmd 
Souie, oc:cupied as a, convent by OiLr- 
melile nniia ; the cbapel ia ricbly or- 
namealed. The walk or drive may 
be candDDed 6 m. b> HeigkingUm, in 
Ck. of which observe Norm, windowfl 
in toivei, good Norm, arch at entnnce 
of tbe chancel, and fine inscribed 
wooden pulpit, dating froni before the 
Eeformation, The tourist may return 
to Darlington by rail (15 min.) from 
Aycliffe Stat, which is about 1} m, it, 
of the ch. In Aycliffe cb. obBerve 

Eevra of date 1600, and figure of croBH- 
gged knight in chancel ; also in ch.- 
yd. 2 lemaikablo fr^ments of Saxon 
croBseg. To Biikop Auckland by rail, 
(30 min.). To Bamard Caatle, by 
SlaindTop, &c. A drive may be made 
to Staindrop, 12 m,, poaEing, at about 
4 m., village of High Conudige. The 
Ch., E. E., with good apire, is quaintly 
situated at extremity of chain of low 
limeatone cliffs, and ie peculiarly loDg 
for the widtb; the chancel has some 
carved bIaIIb. 1 u. farther on ia the 
pretty village ot Fiercdiridge (Stat,), on 
site of tbe Roman station of Magis. and 
neat the Roman road of Watling-Btreet. 
The Teea is here crossed to Cliffe, in 
Yorkshiie, by a bridge of 3 arches. 2} 
m. further on is Uie village of Gaitiford 
(Stat.), btautifully Bituated near tlie 
Tees. The ch., date 1300, was restoted 
1S62, when a Boman inscribed atone 
wasfonnd worked up in the tower arch. 
At W. end of village ia the picturesqne 
Gainford Hall, with Cradock arms 
over N. door, li ra. further on ia 
Sellaby, the old seat of the Bracken- 
burya. About 1 m. further on is Win- 
a(on, in ch. of which, beautifully 
situated on Tees, ia font scnlptnied 
with dragons; the river ia here crossed 
byabridgeof a single aich, 112 ft. span. 
The tourist may also proceed direct 
to Winston by rail (20 min.), where 
omnibus waits for Staindrop, about 
'2 m. distanL After visiting Staindrop 
and Rahy CatU^ whiob is close by, 
tlie tourist may walk or drive to Ear- 
nard Cattle, abbut 7 m., pasedn;; nearly 
midway Straillam Catlle (all described 
under Bantard Cai&e). To Bardr- 
tndie Eail, BedgeSM, and Windletlone 
HaU. Take rail to Bradbury Stat. 



(25 min.), whence it is 2 m, E. to 
Hardwicke HaU (C. Bmmwell, Esq.), 
with pork, lake of 3(t acres, and Gothic 
and Grecian temples, one of which ia 
adorned witli busts of celebrated men. 
At E. end of lake is the Banaueliitg 
Hall, of Corinthian order, and fitted 
up with paintings of gods, &c. IJ m. 
E. of Marciwiche is the handsomo re- 
stored Ch. of Sedgejield. Observe co- 
lumns of the nave, with foliated capi- 
tals, of date 1200, the rest of tie 
building being later. See also £ne 
canopied screen in chancel, and the 
font. About 2J m. S.E. of Sedgefield 
is Wynyard Park (see Slockton). 
From Bradbury Stat may also be 
visited WiiidletUme HaU. 5 m. W. (see 
Biikop Auckland), posdne;, at 4} m., 
RuAyford Inn. To StooWoiMJn-rees, 
about II ra. by road, or 30 min. by- 
rail. Taking the road, at 31 m. is 
village olSaSberge ; 3 m. beyond which 
is iong NeaUm Ch,, with monomenta 
to Marquis of Londonderry, by Afotih', 
imd the Vanes J 2 m. further on is 
Elton Ch., with cfflgy of knight in 
armour; 2J m. further on, Stockton. 
To IHmdjde, Sockbume, &c. Take tail 
(1 hr.) to Middleton Stat., whence 
omnibus runs to little inn at Mid^Be- 
Um-one-ltois, beantifnlly situated on 
the Tecs, a convenient place for those 
who wish to drink the waters of Ding- 
dale Spa (2} m. S. of Middleton Stat.), 
in retired spot on banks of ths Tees, 
where is a bath-house. Tbe Ck. has a 
good incised cross; near it is a Manor 
Bouse of the Place fiunily ; below the 
village may be seen in the river-bed, 
at low water, the foundations of the 
old Poantey'a Bridge. 1 m. beyond 
Dinsdole, ia loveW Bitnation neai river, 
are remains of 7^ Leper't Bath, tho 
waters of which, impregnated with sul- 
phur, are said to turn those who bathe 
in them green or wbite. IJ m. S.W. 
of Dinsdale is Neailuim, where ara 
foundations of an old Buncdictiue nun- 
nery. 4 m. S. of Dinsdale is Sock' 
bume, begirt on 2 sides by the Tees, 
famous for its legend of the "Soci- 
bmme Worm," 5ain by Sir John 
Conyeis ; the falchion he used is now 
preserved at Matfen Hall, 6 m. N. of 
Corbridge (Northumberland). Thij 



DABTMOOR. 



rained arclieH of the old chapel of 
the manor-houae of the Conyere alone 
Temain ; there are many fragments 
of carving of great anti^uitj. In the 
tnodem manor-bouse (Sir E. Blachett, 
Bart.) la efHgy of croas-legged knigbt, 
ot 13th cent. A magniflcent chest- 
nut, aaiil to be 1100 years old, ii 
called ttie Widiing Tree. From Sock- 
hume return to Darlington, either 
(1) by dLreut road 7 m., or (2) ™o- 
ceed 4 m. to BttruJortA, in ch. of wnich 
(on cliff overhanging the Tees) is 
aoniunent to Wm, Emerson, the ma- 
thematician, aud his grave in ch.-jd. ; 
there are also 2 military effigies. \ m. 
ftom Hurworth is Croft (tfpa) Blal., 
7 mia. by rail aod 3 xu. by road from 
Darlington; good Ttotel uiere. It ia 
eelebrated for its sulphur baths and 
mineral naters, and is a great reaort 
for invalids during tlie summer monthg. 

Diitancea (by rail). — Barnard Castle, 
*0 miQ,; WolBingham, 1 hr.; Hartle- 
pool, 1} hr.; Yann, j hr.; Mlddles- 
borougb, 40 min. 

Darltok, see Tux/ord, 

Dahbhah, see Loweilo/t. 

Dahttngtos, see Totnee. 

DArtmoer (T>evon.)~sa named 
from oue of tlie principal rivers (the 
Darf) which risex en it — occupies au 
areaofaboutl:MI,000acre8. The breadth 
of the moor, from N. to 8„ is 22 m. : 
the length. E. to W., about 80 m.; 
and the mean elevation about ITOO ft. 
Its most striking features are the 
lormouB rocks of gnmite croira- 
■ hills, all distinguished by 
The loftiest of these is Yet 
ir Okehampton, 20SO ft. above 
This and otber conspicuous 
!es in all four quarters of ttie 
moor are well lalculated to delight 
all who can appreciate tbe grandeni 
of their desolate and wild scenery. 
Their hues are ever-changing and 
indescribably beaotitlil, depending in 
a measure on the altitude of the sun 
and the qieetator's position with re- 
gard to it The climate of the moor is 
both cold and moist. In fine weather 
and in summer, however, the air is 
bracing and moat delightful, and Uiose 
who find pleasoie'in wild scenery and 
invigorating exercise may pae^ a week 



Ton, 



or more pleasantly at Prince Town 
(r»»: Duohy Hotel, very good) or 
Two Bridges (Inn : Saracen's Head), 
in the very centre of the moor. Mo 
tourist ahonld, however, wander fer 
from tlio beaten tracks without a map 
and compass. Thick mists come on 
with little or no warning, though the 
streams will generally afford clues of 
safety. The danger 6 ' 



aboQud with tront, and the moor itself 
is Adl of interest for (he naturalist 
and the antiquary. Valuable papers 
on the geology and antiauities of tiie 
moor wUl be Kmnd in tue 'Tiansac- 
tioQB of the Gleologicol Society of the 
Plymouthlnetitute'(seeflyniou(h)and 
of the Devon Association. The best 
way of reaching the moor by rail is on 
the N. from Okehataptim (lather more 
than an hour's ride from Eieter vi3 
Yeoford June. ) ; on N.E, from Xoretmt 
SampeUad (32^ m. from Exeter i^ 
Newton June); on 6.K, from A^- 
hwion (9} m. from Totnes); and on 
W,, from Ivtjbridge (see Flytaouth) or 
Tavietoek. Starting from Okehamp- 
ton, the tourist shoijd ascend Yri Tor 
{ante), 5 m. from the town to summit ; 
visit Cranmere Pool and the part of 
Dartmoor rotmd Fur Tor ; Selttona 
and Cateiand Beacon ; Lid/ord and 
Brent Tor. A long and ditBcult day's 
work is the excursion t^i the mysterious 
Oruniaere Pool, and the wild, desolate 
region about Fur Tor. It is one full 
of interest for the geologist and for 
the lover of wild nature, but not for 
the ordinary tourisl The ascent of 
Cav:iand (or Cotdaa) is easy from Btl- 
eUme or from Sticklepalh. From the 
former village, 2 m. from Okelian" 



, the t 



! the 



hm, 



descending on Tkroicleigh, where there 
is a flue Forp. ch. tower, and an un- 
usually enriched priest's door S. of the 
chancel, also good l.^tli-cenC. ch.-house 
and lych-gate ; and proceeding thence 
' Chagford ; or — what is, perhaps, a 



and Watem for, If tbe ascent bo 



umde from StickUpalh, i m. from Oke- 
hompton, where tlieie ore an ancient 
chapel with thatched roof and a small 
inn, an old ^de-po«t at W, end of 
the Tillage will direct the touiist along 
the rivar-baak to Taw Marah, from 
which Tftlle; he can steer direct to the 
flummit of Coadon (1792 ft.), which 
oommaniifl a magninoent view. The 
mlk scroM the moor from Okehamp- 
toQ to Prince Town or Two Bridges 
(ante), about 12 m., is highly recom- 
mended. Before setting out on this 
and any sunilar expedition over the 
moor, the tourist should pioTide him- 
self with Uie ahect of the Ordnance 
Map containing Dartmoor, with a 
pocket-compass, and a Baak, and should 
not hesitate to ask the " natives " to 
n him of deep bogi and the chances 



able objeota, yiz., Lid/ord Bridge, 
lAdford Caieade, aad Brent Tw. Lid- 
ford (Dartmoor Imi, 9 m., and Hanar 
Hotel, the latter close to the caatsde, 
jMuQis 11 m. from Okehampten, and 
on the rood to it ,ie passed 6 m., a few 
oottagee, known coUeotiTely as Lake, 
where, on 1. of road, in a most pic- 
turesque spot, called Tor Wood, and, 
2 m. bejond. Vale Doura, ) m. further 
on is the Tillage, the objects of interest 
in which are me rains of the old oaslle, 
made, by charter of Bdw. L, the staa- 
nary prison for DeTonshire,' and in 
which the infamous Jeffreys preeided 
as iudgei au old weatherneaten oh., 
and a bridge which is one of tlie 
mntders of the county, and which, 
in point of sitnation, is veiy like 
the Devil's Bridge in Cardiganshire. 
Sonunble down the rocks belme the 
bridge, by a path entered by a gate, 
the key of which is kept in the village. 
Ascend the course of the river (about 
1 m.^ to Kitet Fall, a smaU cascade, 
and, if an antiquary, 1} m. farther, to 
Ote basement of an onoient hut. Lid- 
ford Cascade is 1) m. fiom Tillage, 
immediately rt of the Tavistock road; 
it is one of the prettiest spots ima- 
ginable. Bmit Tor (1100 ft.) is 2} m. 
further on the Tavistock road, and is 
capped by a curious little weather- 
worn E.-E. ch., the Tiew of the mooi 



from which is delightful At no great 
distance ia the copper-mine of ifu«I 
(pron. " Wheal ") Friendship, wUdi is 
well worth ayiait. The wholcTalleyof 
the TaTy abounds in piotniesque sea- 
nery. By the direct road from Okehamp- 
ten to Lauaeetlon the distance is IS} m. 
The rood passes, on 1., the Castle 
(mpra), and 6} m. BridetUya, where the 
ch. (date U50) contains a good rood- 
een of wood, and the ch.-yard has a 
rious !^^orm. gateway. 8^ m. beyond 
the TUlage of lAfion ; the ch. is 
Ferp., with a good Norm, font, and in 
the neighbourhood the Lid and 2 other 
' — ' ■" " -"--^ - junction. At 



will reach the town of Launeeaton. 
Since the completion of the new rail- 
way the tourist oan go direct to Ply- 
mouth trotn Okebamptou, via Lidford 
and Tavistock. 
Another good starting-point for the 
oor is Moreton Hamfitead, on N.E. 
side, which is alao a good oentre for 
exploring the scenery on tlie Biver 
Teign. From here it Is rather more 
than 20 m. (o TaTistock, and the pe- 
destrian would do well to rest at least 
one night at Prince Tovm (ante), 1 2 m. 
Chagford (see Moreion Hampiiead) 
is 4 m. N.W. On the rt., 5 m. from 
Moreton, are the remains of track loatu 
connected with a pound 80 yards m 
diameter, encloaing 2 hat ciTctee, 1 m. 
beyond is Netekoiue — a small Inn — and 
adjoining it a rabbit warren. 2 m.. Poet 
Bridge, where the E- Dart erosaes 
the road, and where, jnst below the 
Tillage, is one of the most Interestiiig 
of all the primitive remains on Dart- 
moor, an ancient bridge of Cyclopean 
architeotore (see it figured in Smue^s 
' LiTes,' Ac). 

Turn Bridget (Inn : Saracen's Head), 
2 m. farther on, affords conTement 
quarters for the angler or spottaman, 
Uiough the Hotel at Prince Toan, 
2 m., is to be preferred for superiot 
accommodation. About 1 m. up the 
Dart from Two Bridges lies the lonely 
old fTood of Wiaiaan. A short dia- 
tanee tnaa the Hotel at Prince Town 
stends the celebrated Dartmoi/r Prison, 
the original building having been 



for the recepGa 
■ For — ■"- 



1 of 
„ the 
interioc, an order (raadily procured) 
ftom the Home Offloe is ueceesary. 
Here . also the stranger should visit 
the granite workB and quarries on W. 
dde of N. Hoaeary Tor, about 2 m. 
from the hotel, and ascend Great Mil 
Tor <1760 ft^ about 1 m. N. From 
the latter, the tourist can continue his 
ezcorsioii to Okchampton (ante) by 
waj of FuT Tor (2000 ft.), and Yet 
Tor, the latter serving as his land- 
mark. 1} m. N. of the prison is Fiee'i, 
or Fitz'e, well. If the touriBt desire 
to take a very delightful though oir- 
coitoDB walk (about 15 m.) from 
Prince Town to FlynunUh, he can 
' atrite across tho moor 8. to Claokyvteli 
Fool (un&thomable), to Sjieepaior (from 
which, if preferred, the tourist may 
make his way through Meavy to Horra~ 
hridge Slat,, where he will obtain a 
beaatifnl view of tho Walkham Biver 
Valley),^9A((i>{f A, and descend Bickleigk 
Vale (see PlytaoaOi) to his deetination. 
The route is throngh one of the most 
beaatifnl districts m the coontj. 

The tonrist wishing to enter the 
moor from the B.E, must proceed 
ftom Tobie* Stat, to Buokfastleigh, 
7 TO., or Ashbnrton, 9) m. At Buck- 
fitstleigh {Inn : Khig's Arms), the Ch., 
wUtJt is situated on the stmunit of a 
Tiiil^ and the remuns, now inoonsider- 
able, of the Abbey, are the only objects 
of interest. The neigbbourhood, how- 
ever, abounds in cue sceneiy, and 
pleasant eicursionB may be made on 
every side. Narrow lanes with pleas- 
ing views will lead tie tourist to (2 m.) 
the village of Holne, which standa on 
high ground close under Dartmoor. 
Observe in the little Dec Cli. the 
cnrioDsly painted figures of saints on 
oarred screen. At the Vloanwe was 
bom tbe author of ' Westward Ho,' 
Off the moor road tt,, about 2 m. 
beyond Holne (where a gaide may be 
had if desired), lies Be^jie Tor, iron 
the Bumnut of which most striMnj, 
views are obtained. Begainiug the 
road, the tooiist m^ prooeed by 
CmaiUya Tor, and PaekmadU Bridge 
to Dartmeet, the junction of the E. 
and W. Dart livers, and thence, along 



the banks of the river, to .yew Bridge, 
midway between Poet Bridge and Two 
Bridges («upra). Dartmoor Prison is 
abont 12 m. Erom BocWastlBigh — the 
road lies onward from Dartmeet. W. 
of Bnckfastleigh, Dean Combe (2 m.) 
and WaUaford Down should be vi^ted. 
From the latter the tourist may find 
his way over the moors to the Biver 
Avon and so descend upon Brent. The 
town of AgtiburUm (jmu; Golden 
Lion; Iioudon) is quiet and old- 
laahioued, and is as conveniently 
situated as Bnck&stleigh for pleasant 
— lursions. Some old houses, one, 
1/ a shop, in which Fair&x lodged 
1646, and the Ch. of St. Andrew, 
fxe worth inspection. Close to the 
town, on the Totnes road, is Sounding 
Gate, where a remarkably clear and 
lend echo may be heard ; also a lime- 
stone cavern of unknown extent on a 
hrm called FridJuimeUi^h. It is a 
charming exouisioa (about 10 m. in 
all) through the Backland Woodi (the 
drives are open for carriages 0017 on 
3 days a week) ; also to Solne Chaie 
and village of HolTte (ante); and to 






Baeldand Beacon, Widdeoombe, Heyh 
and iitppon Tor. The Beaoou (whi 
may also be climbed on the return from 
Buokland Woods) commands a pano- 
rama of singular interest. Winding 
round it a cross road descends into 
the beautiful valley of Wtddeconibe. 
From here, on the return to Anhburton, 
the tonrist will visit Bippon Tor (1E49 
ft.) and, 2 m. E., Meyhrr. From 
Heytor it is only about 3 m. to Bovey 
(Stat.). Proceeding W. from Totnes 
is reached, 7 m., Soulk Brent Stat. 
Good lodgings are to tM had in the 
town, and the moor in tbe neighbour- 
hood is intJireating. The old Oh. (re- 
stored) has an early Norman tower 
and some good fiamboyant windows. 
On the annunit of Brent Hilt are some 
ruins of a 18th-cent. ohapeL Continu- 
ing along the line of railway, W., is 
E!infls6rSge(post), 2 m., whence an om- 
nibus runs daily to Dartmouth. 8J m. 
further W. is Ivy Bridge, much, and 
deservedly, frequented in Bommer 
time. The objects of interest here are 
the Ivy Bridge, the Biver Enae and 
its glen, British antiqmUes on Dart- 



136 



DABTMODTE. 



moor, the railway viadaat, aaH, 3 m., the 
twiated spire of EmtingUm. The walk 
to Frince Town (about 15 m.) is aleo 
recommended. Tbe JBrme should cer- 
tainly be explored as fur as Barford 
Briiige, 2 m., aad the walk continued 
to the village. Od Coryion BaU, aboat 
3 m. N.B. of Harford Ch., arc " 
remains of a Tery remarkable m 
meat.coDEdstingof Tor 8 parallel 
of Btonea, and extending for at looft 
100 yards. From Ivy Bridge it is 11} 
m. by railway to Plymouth, 

nartmoutll (Devon.), the Stat. 
18 at Kingneear, lij m. from Newton 
JuuotioD, and 8J a. ham Torquay, 
whence there is a steam ferry to Dart- 
moath. Jniui.' Castle, on the Qusyi 
Commemial, New-road, There ii 
also a convenient Hotel abntling or 
the railway at KingBwear. Thetownia 
extremely old and beantifuUy situaeed. 
The houses are built tier above tier on 
the steep hill running ap from the 
harbour, and ore truly piotnreaque. 
The old ones in the Butter-row, in 
roese-etreet, and in the Sbamblea, or 
Higher- street, should be noticed by 
the stranger. The town is dis- 
tinguished as tbe birth -place of 
KeiCBomea (a model of whose steam- 
engine is in the Museum of the Uni- 
Tenity of Glasgow), and much of the 
carved wood-work eg well as otlier 
InteiesliDg relics of the boose in which 
he Uved ore embodied in Newcomea 
Collage, on the Ridge Hill, Townstall, 
the residence of Mr. Lidstone. Other 
objects of interest io the town are tbe 
Ch. of St. Saviour, in which tbe visitor 
should specially observe the door at 
S, entrance with its curious iron-ome- 
ment ; tbe stone-pulpit, the Boodicreen, 
and tbe altar-piece. The CatOe is 
situated at the extreme point of the 
promontory which bounds tbe entiaooe 
of the harbour. It consists of a square 
and a round tower, the latter the older 
ond supposed to date from Henry VII.'s 
reign. Adjoining are the little Ch. of 
St. Fetroi, contuining bq armorial 
gallery, and the ruins of an aneieot 
manor-house. On the opposite shore 
of the harbour (the tourist shoiUd re- 
oross by the ferry to Kingtwear) are 
fouudatioiu of » castle which evidently 



corresponded mth the existing ooe, 
and here also should be remained 

some .interestii^ traoes of a lauding- 

Elace, and a gmove cut in the slat« 
>r seonring the chain which was 
formerly sttetcLed across the month 
of tbe harbour. ThebeautitUgrounda 
and house of Brool^ia (Mrs. Packe) 
are close by, and well deserve a visit. 
The house can only be seen by special 
permission. Exaartione ehonld by all 
means be made up the Dert to Totnet 
(see) ; to SUHk Fleming, a m. S., Blael:- 
jiooi, 1 m. beyond, another small village 
on a seolnded little bay ; thence by 
road through the Tillage of Street, or 
by path along the cbffs. to (3 m.) 
Slapt^m Sanda (comfortable Hotel at 
N. end of sands), where sea-kale grows 
wild. If the excursion be contmued, 
the tourist will arrive, 2^ tn., at Tor- 
eroM (an Inn, and lodging-housesV and 
a little beyond at the two seoloded 
little fishing-hamlets, Bea»aiid» and 
Hallmndt. The SlaH (SJ m. from 
Torcross) is now soon reached. A 
few ruggod steps lead down from the 
Ughthouse (about 100 ft. above tbe 
sea) to a miniature bay and pebbly 
beach. From this promontory, those 
who are fond of cliff-scenery should 
continue along the coast to the Prnteie 
Point, perhaps tbe finest headland on 
B. coast of Devon, and to the pic- 
turesque Tillage of Saleombe (Inn*.- 
Tictoria; King's Arms, both lather 
humble), a distance of about 9 m. The 
estuary is sheltered on W. by tbe head- 
landofthe.BD2^ From here to the Boll 
Tail Ihe distance by water is about 
S m., and tbe tourist should, if weother 
permit, hire a boat so as to obtain a 
good view of the lofty, bki^ and 
cavernous cliff's. If he prefer to pro- 
ceed along tbe summit of the clitK, he 
is specially warned of the danger of 
the hidden chasms, called the Wind- 
Uaite Piti, which lie in bis path before 
reaching Bolt Tail. Just inside the 
tail, in Bigbury Bay, is the wild ooTe 
end hamlet of .Hope (yue/if Inn). Piiotu 
here, the tourist may cither retraoe 
his steps (and he will vet; probaUy 
be tempted to do this by the grandeur 
of this little-eiploreii district), or make 
his way to Kingthridge (Jniw ; King's 



DAWLISH—VHAL. 



137 



Arms; QoMen Idoo), through the 
Tillage or Marlborough (Ch. worth a 
vidt), or gain the Plymouth n»d at 
Modbary (Jnn: White Hart). The 
diatanoe from Kingabridge to (a) 
HodbuTj ia 7t m. ; (b) Totiut, 12 ra. ; 
(c) Dartmonth, 11 m, Pljiaouth is 
auo easily reached from King»biidgs 
b; driving (Tin.) to Kingabridge-ioad 
Slat., thence (IS m.) hj train. 

Datcbtt, see Thamea. 

Datdtotoh, eee Faveriham. 

nuwllHll (Devon.), Stat.,Boutli 
Devon Bly., 12^ m. from Exeter. 
JtMM : London ; York ; BoTal. A 
amall, pretty, and fashionable wstei- 
ing-plooe, picturesque, and well laid 
ont. Tbe bonees are pleasaatly 
Bitaated on each aide of the stceeni, 
which flows 'down tbe centre of the 
Tolley, and which is croased at the 
shore end, by the Sonth Devon Rtj. 
There is excellent bathing, as well as 
good boating and Qshing. Excariion* 
aboQld be made to Little Haldun 
(818 ft. high), 2 m. walk &om tbe Ch.; 
to (ha gardens and gronnda of Lut- 
eombe (P. R. Hoare, Bsq.), at tbe bead 
of the valley ; to the promontory of the 
Parxm and CUrk, 1 m. W., and !{ m. 
from TeignmiMth. It is also a plea- 
sant walk to the little watering-place 
of Starcroat^Ina: Courtenay Ainia), by 
Aahoombe and Mamhead, about 10 m. : 
by tbe direct road the distance is 
Wely 4 m. 

Veal (£ent). Slat, S. E. Bly. 
There ia no rail between Deal and 
Dover, 9 m. S.. but ooaches run 4 
ttmeseveryday. Inm: Boyali Blaok 
Horae ; Walmer Castle (all second- 
rate). The Castle (now a private re- 
sidence of Eail Clanwilliam), and those 
of Sandown and Walmer, were built, 
all alike, by order of Henry VIII., 
1539. To the N. of tbe town, on tlie 
coast, is the site of Sandown Castle, 
which was pulled down in 18G4, on 
account of the inroads of the aea. It 
derived its chief intereat &om tbe 



I Mra, Hutcbinaou'i 
her excellent memoirs, cheap edition 
pnhliiifaed by Bohn. Beyond Deal 
Oeatle, H., U the village of WatmeT, 



which, like Deal, has its upper and 

lower towns. The lower town has 
some very pleasant houses, and aa 
a quiet bathiug-place, is preferable to 
the larger towns on the coast. Walvter 
CaiOe (Earl Granville, Lord Warden 
of the Cinque Forts) ia mainly inte- 
resting from ila connection with the 
great namea of Pitt and Wellington. 
The plantations round the castle 
were made by Pitt. Whilst many 
improvements bave been made in the 
caatle by Barl Granville, the rooms 
ocoupied by the Doke and Mr. Pitt 
are atill preserved, and are shown to 
visitors when the castle is not occu- 
pied. Prince Talleyrand, when a 
visitor to the restle, is said to bave 
asked the Duke's permission to occupy 
Hr. Pitt's mom. The Prince fancied 
that he had been slighted, in 1792, 
by Pitt, and now tn sleep in hia rivara 
bed was to him the enjoyment of a 
revenge. The large pew in tbe cb. 
at tipper Walmer, immediately in 
front of the pulpit, ia that which " the 
Great Duke" used to occupy, and 
about lialf-way down Castle-street is 
" the Doke'a house," which was 
tenanted by the Dnke when Sir 
Arthur Wellesley. Notice alBoNorm. 
chancel arch ami 8. door of cb. 1 m. 
beyond Lower Walmer is small iishing 
village of Kingtdown. Parallel with 
the coast, and lying between the N. 
iind S. Foreland, are tbe very danger- 
008 Goodaiat. The bank coDslsb of 
15 ft. of sand, resting on blue chty, 
" a fact which seems to prove that it 
is a remnant of hind, and not a mere 
accumulation of sea-aand." — tiyell. 
Between these and tbe eonst are the 
Downi, the largest natural Irarbour 
of refuge eiisting. The shipping, 
ever changing, is most piotnresqoe. 
Tbe most interesting churcbes in 
the neighbourhood are. Great Monge- 
ham, 2 m. S.W.— notice espeoially the 
piscina and sedilia ; Northbtmnie, 
1 ro. K.E. bevond, and 4} ni. from 
Deal, especially Morthj tlie attention 
of the arcbteologiiit ; and Slumldeii, 
]} m. W. of Deal, with E.-K. tower. 
Exeurtioni by rail to Sandwich, 9 
min., and Ilamtgale and iUaroofe, 
jhr. 



VMAN FOREST— DENBIGH. 



t (Glonceat.)— 
neni^Bt Stats., NevnhEuu, Awre, and 
Lydney, on the S, Walea Ely., aud 
Colefom — iaapiotureequediBtriot.well 
worth TisilJDg. It comprises 26,000 
acres of wooded valley and risiDg 
ground, some of the old timber being 
tlie finest in the kingdom. The road 
between Newnham and Houmouth, 
11 m., mssea through its wildest por- 
tions. The i^i«ecA-AouBe Jnn, or King's 
Lodge, in the centre of the district, is 
where theTerdarera meet who manage 
the aOairs of the Forest There are 
very valuable coal and iron bedg, the 
latter worked in lat^ caverns by the 
BomaoB. The tourist who is fimd of 
wild woodJand scenery may lose him- 
self for days in the reoeeeea of the 
Forest, and thence follow the backs of 
the Wye, either down to Chepdme, or 
W to JUbnnKmlA and Bot» (see Wye 
Tour). 

DEBRHOtsr, see Teuikeihary. 

DELAFRii AsBEY, Bee Sorthomplon. 

DenblR-Ii (Denbigh.) — Stat., 
209 m, &om Eoslou-square, via Ches- 
ter; 1) hr. by rail &om Chester. 
(imu .- Crown ; Bull) — the capital of 
the coDDty, on a steep hill, up which 
a broad street leads to the summit, on 
which are scanty ruins of the Ca»tle 
(temp. Edw. I.), conMsting chiefly 
of Uie immense gateway. Charles I. 
stopped Iwro in 1645, after battle of 
Eowton. AboTo the entrance, which 
is between 2 octagonal flanking 
towers, is statne of Eail of Lincoln, 
the founder. In interior of the gale- 
way is an octagonal bnilding, vaulted 
apparently from a central pillar. A 
a^m enttance-fee is demanded fbr 
keeping the ruins iu repaii 
views bom the walls, portici 
the S. and S.B., embrace th 
range of the Clwrdian hills, with vale 
beneath. Close by, within preoincts 
of the castle, is the Ch. of St. Hilary, 
once the garrison ohapel. In interior 
observe arcade of 5 olliptio arches, 
and on each side of chancel arch 2 
"squints," i.«., openings to let peoph 
in cava or aisles see devation of the 
Host at the hi^b altar. A little to 



i> 
for a 



Leicester. At E. end of town la an old 
deseorated ch., called the AIAey, for- 
merly a house of Carmelite friars, 
founded in 12S9, by John Salisbury 
of Llewenny, wh<»e fiimily msusolenm 
it formed till a ueutury or so ago ; it 
still retains its sedilia, piscina, and a 
large Perp. E. window. 

Ezeuniont. — To 8l. Aeapb, by high 
road, 6 m. ; the pedestrian may vary 
this, by turning 1. &om the hSgix 
road, close by Font^-AUtgoch, 4i 
and, proceeding tbrongh lovely 
scenery, along banks of the Elwy, 
abont 1 m,, to the well of F/nrvm- 
fair, and thence about 2 m. to the 
Ce/n caves, whence it is 3 m. to .St. 
Ampb. A beautiful eioursion of 
18 m. may be made to JHoM (f hr. by 
railway), by way of Bodfari, Ytcafiog, 
and Naytnen^. To Caerviyi, start- 
ing by preceding route, at about 
7 m., a little beyond Maesmynan, a 
road of 1 m. leads 1. to Caerwys, the 
oradleofEisteddfadau. The eicuraion 
may be continued to HolyvKU, 5 m. be- 
yond. Toiiuthin, 8 m. Several beauti- 
ful exoureions may be taken into Hie 
romantic scenery of the W. and 8.W., 
the scenery of the vale of Aled and 
its tribut^y brooks; (a) 1 m. 1. is 
Gxoaenyaog, the seat of tiie Myddleton 
family, where is a monument to Dr. 
Johnson, some lines written by whom 
aro still extant over the door of a 
cottage ; 1 m. beyoud is Eriviatt (J. F. 
Ffbnlkes, Esq.), and 3 m. further still 
a itmd L turns to lovely little vOlage 
of Naiilglyn, where is an ancient 
camp, " Hln Ddinbyoh," with an an- 
cient road to it The ch.-yd. con- 
tains some splendid yews, and the 
graves of Wm. Owen Pughe, the great 
Welsh antiquary, and his son. The 
tourist can return to Denbigh by 
another route, making in all 11 m. 
(b) A beautiful pedeatrian root* may 
be taken N.W. to AbergeU, by Uwn- 
aamum, Lianfair ToUiaiam ( Jn» ; 
Harp), and Btitict Abergde, which is 
described under Aborgale. From 
LlanMr Talhaiam, the tourist may 
also, if he choose, turn rt, and ex- 
plore the Elwy downwards to SI. 

J»aiA (see), (c) To the r * 

Ce>, 5 ■ ' 



, returning either direct, 



DEBBT— DEREHAM, EAST. 



or bj SL Aeaptk, abont M m. in all 
(see SI. Ataph). 

DUtancti.—St. Awpb, J ht. by rail ; 
Bhyl, ) hr, bj njl; Bathiu, 2U min. 
by roil ; Bhuddlnn, 9 m., 20 luin. by 
mil; CoTwen, 20 m., 1} hr. by tsU; 
Abergele, by road 13 m.; Llantvist 
22 m. 

DcNHiHOTOif, Bee Framlingham. 

Dehne Abbey, see CanUiridge. 

Dbofhau, see Wtpnoudiam. 

Oerby (Derbysh.)— Stat, Mid- 
land Bty^ 127 m. from London ; 



. •*8t. James's H.; Eojal. 
PoBt-offloa in Victoria-rtreet and St. 
Jamea's-street — ia situated in an open 
plain on it. bank of ihe Derwent, and 
IB well built, with a brisk trade in 
BtockiDga and silk-weaving, checae, 
aod iron. Near the Market-plaee is 
the Com Exchange, and io the N. is 
Ml SaitM Ch., with a fine Ferp. 
tower, 174 It, high, Xonumetil* in 
the Cavendish chapel 8. of chancel : 
(a) to H. Cavendish, discoreret of the 
ohemiotl constitnenta of air: {b) Bess 
of Hardwick, Countesa of Shrewsbury 
(see Xan^fidd); (o) Earl of Devon. 



(e) to the Earl, by NoOdceni. In N. 
<diapel are others by Bcvliiluu!, Chan- 
trey, and Weitmacott, Observe the 
ironwork torten, between chancel and 
nave. St. Alkmund'i (Deo.) has a 
lolly spire (200 fL), and alabaster 
effisy of J, Bullock in gown and ruff. 
In Bilk Mill-lane, beloiv the Bridge, is 
the oldest Silk Mill in England, esta- 
blished by J. Lombe, in 1717. At tho 
extreme S. of the town is the Arboretum, 
or poblic garden, given by the late 
Josh. Strutt, and p£nt«l by Loudon. 
Free on Saturday and Sunday; on 
other days, 6d. Notice tho " Headless 
Cross," i steps crowned by a stone in 
oeotre, on which money was placed 
during plague of 1665, for relief of 
infected ^trlcts. There is a good 
Mtueam in the Wardwick, with aich- 
(Bological remains. 

Exaanxon to Kedl^iUm Mali (Lord 
Scaredale), 3 m. on Matlook road. 
Inquire at hotels as to days and honra 



The park and gardens 
very fine, and the house contains 
many valuable pointinga. B«tuni to 
Derby &om either Duffield (2 m.), 
Hazelwood 1,3} m.), Sliottle (5 m.), or 
Wiiksworth (IOui.}Stats., the country 
walk to eech being very pleasant. 

Diilanca {bj taiL>— BirnuDgham, 
12} m. : Bnxton. 37 m. ; Nottingham, 
15i m. ; Sheffield, 37} m. ; Wirks- 
worth, 13} m. ; Ashbourne, 13 m. (by 

Deretaam, KiMt (Norfolk). 
Stat., Gt. Eastern Bly., 11^ m. from 
Wymondham June, and about 1^ hr. 
by tail jroin Lynn; also June, fur 
WelU. Iitni; King's Arms; and 
King's Head This is one of tho moat 
rising towns in the county. It is inte- 
resting from its flne CA., and for its 
associations with the poet Cowper, 
who is buried here. The country 
around is pleasing, and several pluoea 
of interest aro within easy reach. 

The Ch. (dedicated to St. Nicholas) 

oeyettbcless indebted for its or^^in 
.J St. Withburga, one of the many 
sainted daughters of Anna, king 6i 
the East Angliana. in the 7th cent. 
The chancel is E. B., with a Ferp. E. 
window. At the aid^ of the chancel 
aroh aro sineular twisted shafts be. 
longing to older (Tram. Norm.) work. 
The central tower, with lanl^n and 
graceful arcade, is E. Ferp,, and very 
guod. lu the S. transept is a very 
2ne Perp. font In tho N. transept 
known as the cbapel of SL Edmnnd. 
under the N. window, is the grave of 
Cooper. The Ferp. 8. poich should 
be noticed. 

On the & side of the ch. stands an 
enormous sqoare tower, called "the 
New Clocker," built in the reign of 
Honry VII, when the central tower 
of the ch. was found too weaJc to sup- 
port the bells. 

Close to the W. end of the ch. is 
St. Wilhhtirga'a Wdl, the spring 
which is said to have burst forth from 
her grave. It is in a small enclosed 
spot, aboat 6 It. below the snr&ce, and 
fall of flowers. A Congregationalist 
chapel, called tho Cowper Memorial 
Cli.,.is built on the site ot the hoate in 
uAicA Coviper died (Apr. 25, 1800), 



110 



DEVIZES— DINAS MOWDDWY. 



The Ch. of GreitenhaU, 2i ra. N.W.. 
is K E., irith BOnie good panel paint- 
ings on the screen. 

A HriTO (about 12 m.) may bo taken 
to EUing Ball, an ancient moated 
mansion, and formeriy the rcaidence of 
the families of Foliot and Hastings, 
of whom the present occupant, B. C. 
Browne, Esq., is the descendant and 
ropresentativQ ; thence by HylaMh 
fprOD. Belaugli) Soli, returning by 
Saranlon Morley. 

Siting Ch. is throughont late Dec. 
(corrilinear), and is interesting to the 
arehfeolc«i6t Bylaagh Hall (Rev. 
H. E. Lcanbe) is a vast modern 
Italian house, with a detached clock- 
towei. The gardens and grounds are 
good, and there is a large perk, 
Uuough which it ia possible to diivo 
(leave being obtainecl). The Ch. oi 
Swonfon MorUy is Perp., with ] 
liar transomed windows in the i 
and ncher windows at the ends of the 
aisles. The main arcade is light and 
lofty, and the tower opens into the 
nave with lofty arches on 3 sides. 
Norwich is distaiit 2 1 i m. by railway. 

Debrt Hill, see Chippenham. 

Derwev, see SuHin. 

Deewent, see ShegUId. 

Dehwentwateh, aee Ketaick, 

Devil's Bbidoe, isee Aberyitinilh. 

nevlzei* (Wilts.}. Btat.. G. W. 
By. Innt: **Besr, in the Market- 
place, i m. from station ; Castle. This 
town stands nearly in tbo centre of 
the county, on the top of a bill 500 ft. 
above the sea. It owes ita ori^n to 
the castle erected liere by Bp. Boger 
of Sarum, temp. Hen. I., which stood 
In a picturesque situation to the W. of 
the town, behind tba Bear Inn, now 
» private garden. The walls have 
almost entirely perished, but the ditch 
and moimd of tbe keep may stUl be 

ARer the site of the castle, tbe most 
interesting objects are the two noble old 
chunhee, both deserving careful atten- 
tion. St. John's, near the castle, wns 
originally a cruciform Norm, oh., with 
ceatrul tower. Aisles were added to 
tbe naves ^p. 1450), and N. and B. 
cbapels to tbe chancel later rtill. 
81. Mary-$, in the N.B. skiit of Ihe 



town, commands a view of Boundway 
Hill. This was also a Norm, ch., and 
the chancel ia of the original structure, 
but the nave has been rebuilt in Perp. 
Observe flguie in niche on outside at 
E. end of nave ; also Norm, doorway 
on S. side of Gh. In Long-ttreet is 
the Museum and Library of the Wilt- 
fhire Arehsdofiical and Nalttfal His- 
tory Society. The collections are ad- 
mirably arranged, and . the Bpecimens, 
especially geological, are highly in* 
tereating. The Uuacnm ia open on 
week-days from 10 tA 5, admission Gd, 
Roundiuay Hill. 2} m. E., rises im- 
mediately from Devizes, and the view 
from the bron shonld not be missed 
by the visitor. A path leads ^m BL 
Mary's Ch. to the , eaofer'g Walk. 
which, skirting tLo grounds of Neie 
Park, runs direct to the foot of the 
hill. If inclined to extend bis ramble, 
the pedestrian will find, a little way to 
tbe N.W., the Roman camp of Oliver's 
CaiOe, marked by a straggling group 
of beech-trees; and N.E„ at tbe dis- 
tance of 2,1 m., the Wanidgke. nearly 
as perfect as on the day w'- — "^ — 



The aisleless crociform eh. u 
ample of E. E., well preserved and 
unmixed. The village contains some 
good half-timbered houses, with orna- 
mental baige-boatds and projecting 
upper storey. 

At Urehfont. 5 m. S., there is a 
liighly-interesting cmciform church, 
cbiafly Dec, with E.-E. remains, and 
Perp. square tower at W. end. The 
porcli is very curious. 

Bromham, i m.. see MMduim. ■ 

Devoban, see Falmouth. 

Dkwohdsoh, see Wye. 

DiDBBOOKE, see Winchmmbe. 

Dieu la Crebse Abbei, see Leek. 

DiLBTON, see Hexham. 

DiNAs Ddinlle, see Clynnog. 

JklanH Mowdd^vy (Merio- 
neth.), 3] hrs. by rail IVom Shrews- 
bury, 2^ bis. trom Llanidloes. Inn; 
Bnckley Arms H. A beautifully situ- 
ated village, commanding tbe H vales 



DISLEY~DIS3. 



Ishing in the DoTey. 
'o IMgeUey, 10 to. To 
Tal^y-Ryn, 12 m. To BaJa, 18 m.. 
JDcludiii" ascent of Aran Moirddwy. 
To MarAynlUth, 12 m., by MaUwyd. 
li m. S. ia the village of Xallwyd 
(Inn: Penifttth Arms), the "parBdiao 
of artbta." cbarmiiiglf placed in an 
aiDphitlieatre of uouDlaiDs. On the 
road, a little before aniTing at the 
village, observe the picturesque water- 
fell of PoBt-Faavjgd. The th.-yd, ia 
celebrated for its yews, one of wbicli 
ia 23 fl. in girth; over ch. porch are 
gigantic bones, said to be those of a 
whale. 4} m. further on, through 
lovely scenery oa E. bank of the Dyn, 
passing on rt Ab^iriath Salt, ia 
Cemmaes (Jimetijjn), where the Twy- 
myn joine the Dyfl. 2i m. further on 
ia Abergwedol, opposite to wliich, 
across the river, is the cA, of Llanicn'n, 
163 ft. long. 2 m. beyond Ahcrgiredol 
ia Penegoet, birthploco of Wilson the 
paiDtei : hence, it is 1} m. to Machyn- 
lleth. To LUm/air. IS) m., and Xlan- 
Mtin, 23 m. Proceeding E. from 
Mallwjd (aee above), the road leads 
throngit uie valley of the Banw 2} m. 
to Bwlch^-fedwen, passing near the 
woods of Dngoed Mawr, a spot called 
LidiaTi-y-Baron, the scene of the 
murder of Baron Owen by the Gwy- 
lliad Cochion (red-haired robbers), a 
lawleffl tribe who long infested the 
neighbourhood. From Bwloh-y-fedwen 
a bleak load leads 3| m. to Garth- 
beibie, whence it ia 1| m. to Cann Office 
(a good Toadaide Inn and posting- 
bouae, patronised chiefly b^ anglero). 
On q)posite side of river is iXinga- 
dvan, the ch. of which has old Feip. 
window in its E. end. The Eiia flows 
in here ftom S., and 9 m. down its 
valley is Moet-ji-DdcivKn, an oblong 
camp, 100 yds. in length. From Cann 
Office the tourist may proceed 10 m, 
to LlanfaiT, or diverge I., by a road of 
11 m, to Lta^fyUin. 

Dt^iicei. ^Machynlleth, by nil, 
1 hr.: Aberystwilh, 3^ hrs.; Newtown, 
]| hr. : Llanidloes, 2^ hrs. 

DmoBwio, aee Seavmarii and Han- 

ItotsDAU 8fa, see Dariingltm. 



niHley (Cheeb.) Stat, L. & N. W. 
Rly. Inn: Barn's Head. The Ch„ 

dedicated to St. Mary, a bondaome 
Gothic edifice, with tower and 6 bells, 
has an illuminated ceiling and an E. 
window (stained glass) Inuught from 
Italy, i m. Ikiia station ia entrance to 
Iiijme Moll (W. J. Legh. Esq., M,P.), 
the mansion being 1 ui. furthcr(showQ 
only in aliaence of tlie family). It ia 
a large Italian bouse, with wings. In 
(he hall are the aims of Sir PerUn 
Legh which he wore at Creasy. The 
Sruvnag-Toom is Kliz., and very fine. 
The Slag Parlour bus scnlptured 
chimncypiece, with scenes in atag- 
hunting, for which Lyme was cele- 
brated. A beilsteod is shown in 
wliich Edward the Black Prince slept 
on a visit here. Foriraili. — liOTd 
Ashburnham, Vandyck ; Charles I.; 
Connlesa of Derby and her husband ; 
Dnke of Buctingiiara, 4c In the 
Park, which is very extenaive, is a 
herd of wild white cattle. 

Dislancee (by mil).— Baxlon, 13 m.; 
WhalCT Bridge, i m. ; Stcokport, 6i 
m.; Maochester, 12 m. 

lMet» (Norfolk). Stat, Gt. E. Bly. 
(1 m. E. of the town). Inn; King's 
Head. St. Mar/t Ch. is worth visit- 
ing. It ^as restored in 1858, aud ia 
in admirable order. The tower oon- 
taina 8 bells, upim which a set of 
chimes play every lour hours. The 
interior coutaina a beentiful reredos 
of Oaen atone, inlaid with coloured 
marblea and bosses of spar and gold. 
A little S. of tlie town is a, large pond, 
or "mere," of more than 5 acres area. 
The sloping banks are prettily Kned 
with gardens, and on its S. side is a 
pleasant public walk with good trees. 
The mere contains eels, and a curious 
flsh called the '' oliaaer," a kind of 

6 m. W. iimn the station ia Bed- 
jirao! HaU (Sufiblk), a Greman build- 
ing, with a central cupola supported 
on 4 Ionic columns, erected, in 1770, 
at a cost of 30,000J. The park ia 
pleasant and well wooded, with a lake 
of 46acrea. 



142 



VXTTON—DOLaELLEY. 



IMtton, or Tliai»(-H-mt' 

(on (Surrey), so (»lled to diatin^isii 
it from Long Dittan, irhioh adjoiita it 
on the S.K. Stat, on the L. & S.W. 
Ely., 11m. from Waterloo, Jnn: The 
Swan, OQ the Thames, opposile Hamp- 
ton Cooit Park, veil known to anglers 
and boating partieB, and iamed for the 
bcaudflll vienB up and down the i ' 

The Tillage lies a little back 
the Thamea ; the hoosea strsggling 
away on the one hand to Weston 
Oieen, on the other to Oigg'g Hill, 

There are two deepa at Ditton, 
under the care of the Thamea Angling 
FiegeiraHon Socie^: one, opposite 
Boyle Farm, of 512 yds., the other, of 
250 yda., &om Keene'a Wharf, ncath- 

Oigg'g Hill, on the Portsmoalh road, 
a little @. of Thames Ditton, is noted 
for its common and its inn, the Angel, 
both favonrite resorts for crioketers. 
Weeton Green,onthe B.W„6nd Wtfon 
^ar<A,byEBherRly. Btat.,are hamleis 
of Ditton. 

DoLBASABN, See LlanberU. 

ItOlfTdley (Merioneth.), 8i 
hre. from Paddington via Cheater and 
Huabon ; also by L. <t N. W. Kly.. lOJ 
hra., wa Bannoatb June. ; 3 brs. by 
railway from Chester ; 3 hrs. from 
Shrewsbury ; and included in L. & N, 
W. North Wales New Ciroalar Tour. 
UoteU : 'Golden Lion ; *Ship. A 
email town, capital of MerionethBhire, 
situated on the Wnion (which is here 
crossed by n handsome bridsie), in a 
vnlo surrounded by lofty and wooded 
nH>iintnin«. It is the centre of a 
district leemiDK with such interest 
ami loveliness, that the tourist is re- 
commended to make it his head- 
quarters for some time. 

SxcuTeions.—The one var excel- 
lence is ascent of Cader Idrii, S m., 
occupying 8 to 4 hrs., which lowers 
direct]; over the town to h^ght of 
2914 ft,; guides and ponies may be 
hired at 5«. each, but in tolerably fine 
weather no pedestrian need fear to 
ascend alono. Of several tracks, the 
most direct is by foUowing the old, or 
monntaiQ rood, to Towyn, for abont 
2f m, ; at 2 m. rt. is Uyn Gweman, 
where a stile over the WU, on L, gives 



access to a path which leads easily to 
a small lake, called WjB-y-Oo/r; above 
this rises a steep bnt eosily-dimbed 
bluff, to Uyn-y-GaiUr, a very deep 
tarn at foot of ths Cader, in a ma^i- 
floont amphitheatre of cliffs, which at 
first look inaccessible ; there is here a 
marvellously clear echo. The way 



"Foxes Path." Once on the smooth 
tnrf again, it is easy walking to Pen- 
y-gader, the highest point of the 
range (said to be 3000 it.), where are 
a rude Ordnance cairn, and a hut of 
colossal stones built by the guide. 
A few minntcs' walk from the Cader 
conducts the tourist to brink of the 
cliffs overhanging Uyn-y-Cae, which, 
though on smaller si^e, is about the 
grandest bit of scenery on the monn- 
tain. A decent cragsman may care- 
fully descend the gullies b> the banks 
of uie lake, and make his way down 
to Tal-y-llyn, midway between Dol- 
gelley and MachynlleOi ; bnt the most 
ganoral ront« for visiting it is from 
Minfford, or T/n-y-Oomel. The view 
from summit of Cader Idris, on a 
clear day, though not so extensive as 
that from Snowdou, is perhaps even 
more enchanting, from the nearness 
of the wooded valleys and the exqui- 
site colours of the surrounding ranges. 
Gleologically the mountaia is an ig- 
neous rock, consisting of slate, feu- 
pathio traps, and greenstone. The 
tourist who does not descend by the 
"Foxes I'atli " is recommended to 
follow the shoulders as they incline 
towards tho Machynlleth rood to the 
S.B. Very hcantiful views of Tal-y- 
llyn are obtained by this route; after 
abont IJ m. walking, a small tarn, 
Llyn Aran, is seen under the clifib, 
from which tho little river Aran runs 
direct to Dolgelloy. As soon as prac- 
ticable tho descent shonld be made, 
he river followed through a very 
picturesque ravine; the path Icoda 

To Corner ^Mieu and JJinwiau. 
Ooasing the stone bridge over the 
Wnion, the road reaches at about 2 m. 
the beautifully-situated village of 
lAa-n^Uyd; a little before ooming to 



tlie bridge, crossing: fie Mowddach, 
is Hemport (Vf. Bmith, Esq-X the 
beaatifol TBsiiioDce of the late Sir 
Bobert Vftugban, the antiquary, which 
deserves the toorUt'a notice; and a 
little beyond Hengwrt, a gate on rt, 
lenda to the scanty ruins nf CymnKr 
Abbey, a Cistercian foondation, temp. 
1198, beantifuUy situated. TheNorm. 
ITork in the abbey deserves special at- 
tention. To the wftterfalls otRhaiadr 
JDu, Bhaiadr Mawddaeh, tind PUtyil 
Cain ; following the Trawsfynydd rood 
past Llanelllyd, abont 2 m. beyond 
httor is Tvn-y-^oes (Oakeley Arms 
Hotel)— a fovourite fiehing station- 
where guides may be hired. A little 
above the betel is a wooden bridge over 
the Mawddaoh, which ascend on E. or 
1, bank, keeping nlong base of the bluff 
hill of Penrhos ; nt about 3 m. from 
Tyn-y-groes, a little above the jano- 
tiou of the Mawddach with the Gain, 
is the fall of Bhaiadr Mawddaeh, 60 
ft. high, which presents a fine appear- 
ance from the stieam being thrice 
broken in the descent. Crossing the 
Mawddach, FiibjU-y-Cain is soon in 
sight, 150 £t., grander than, thongh 
not so pictoresqae as, Kbaiadr Maw- 
ddach : it is only seen to advaQtage 
after heavy rains ; hence, instead of 
returning the same way, tlie tonrist 
may incline 1. about 1§ m., crossing a 
bill into the Trawsfynydd road, a 
little above Font-dol-gefeilian. Fol- 
lowing the high road S.for about 2 m. 
the tonrist comes to Pont-ar-Camlan, 
whence a path rt. leads up (br more 
than J m. to Rhaiaih Du, a very fine 
double Cill of 60 ft., formed by the 
dashing waters of tho Oarfa, within 
the gronnds of Dolymelynllyn (R. C. 
Williams, Esq.); the streaiD fidls 
throngh a fringe of dark trees into a 
black pool below. Returning to high 
road, it is about 1 m. to Tyn-y-groes, 
or 6 m. to Dolgellej. From tho water- 
fall of PiBtyU-y-Cain, the banks of 
the Cain may be followed about 3 m. 
to Bedd Porai, " the grave of Poms," 
on which is an inscribed stone, said to 
contain the earliest Christian icscrip- 
tion known in Wales. Near it is Llech 
libii, a menhir, about 10 ft. high, 
called after the giant Idris; hence a 



:iiBr. 143 

roadl.,of 3 m., leads into the Ttawsfy- 
nydd road, 1} m. (rem the Utter. To 
Oiem Bydtan : (1) the tonrist may 
prooeed by road through a lovely 
valley, affording fine mountain views, 
to TraanfynyM, 13 m., whence it is 
6 m. by rough path over Balch-y- 
Tyddiad, to the wild lake of (Ann 
Byehan, situated in grand mountain 
scenery, and affording excellent fish- 
ing ; or (2) setting out by Trawsfynydd 
rood, diverge I. by path which shortly 
crosses the Eden at Pont-y-Gribble, 
and passing over some rough and 
boggy conntry, proceed either by 
Bwloh-y-Tyddiad, or through tho 
parallel pasa of Bwlch-Drws-Aidu- 
dwy, either route being equally grand, 
to Cwm Byohan ; from flie lake the 
tourist may proceed through wild 
scenery, 4) m., to Llanbedr, or S m. 
to Harlech (which see). A most ez- 
quisiie walk of 9] m. may be taken 
to the rising watering-place of Bar- 
mouth. To 3Wyn, by two roads : (1) 
of 16} m., the upper or moontaiu 
road, which ascends to foot of Cader 
Idris, and tnming over the apnz of 
Craig Cwm Llwyd, leads over bleak 
exposed ground to Llanegryn, where 
the other road joins it ; (2) the second 
road is longer (20 m.), but the tourist 
is advised to follow it, as affording 
magnificent coast and sea views for 
most of the way. About 1 m. are the 
beau tifiilly-situa ted residences Bryn- 
gwyn and Bryn A dda ; hence the 
rmid rises, overshadowed by Cadcr 
Idris, 5i m. further on to Capel Ar- 
(ftofl, a small mmintiiin Ch. — here tho 
rock and wood scenery is very diversi- 
fied and beantifiil. 1 m. 1. of this 
church is Llyf: Braduien, the remains 
of a 7th-cent. building, onco tho 
palace of the Welsh prince Ednowain ; 
a little N. is Llyn Cregeneu, at foot 
of Tyrran Mawr. 2J m. beyond Capel 
Arth<^, at the Friog, a road of 1} m. 
leads across the alluvial ground and 
sand, to a small tongue of land at 
month of the estuary, whence there is 
a ferry to Barmonth, just opposite. 
Close nudemeatb the road here, on 
rt, is Ynii/aig (T. Green, Esq.) ; the 
road now afford^ sea views over the 
Bay of Caernarvon, till 8 m. fiirtber 



D0LGBLLEY—D0NCA8TES. 



on is readied the wretched-lookbg 
village of lAwyngvtril, on a mountain, 
N. and S.E.of which aie some tumuli, 
cairns, meiai-liirioa, and a Britieh 
camp, called CoBtell-v-gaer. Turning 
now inland, at 4 m. furUier on, past a 
bleak and nnintereating country, i% 
Lhtnegryn, in restored chvrch of which 
obserre Norm, font and beautiful rood 
lafl, said to have been brought from 
Cymmer Abbej. About 1 m. from 
the church, on the Dyeinnj, is Pe- 
niarlt (W. W. E. Wynn) ; Irom Llane- 
gryn it is 1 m. to the pleasant little 
watering-place of Towyn. The tourist 
may return to Dolgetley by the Tal-y- 
llyn and Minffordd road, 24 m, ; or by 
railway as far a« Tal-v-Ilyn ; or re- 
turning to Llaoegryu, 



Tai-y-liyn, a beauUful 
Bala, by direct road, 18 m. (see Bala). 
To IHnai Homddvy (eee) and Bala ; 
at 2 m. the road enters thepiotureBque 
valley of the stream on which is the 
celebrated Torrent Walk. 1 m. fur- 
ther on L is Gaerynack (Mra. M. 
Biohards), in the beautiful grounds of 
which the walk lies. Within a few 
minutes' walk of its upper end is the 
CroM Foxei Inn, where lefreahmenls 
and good beds may be obtained. The 
tourist is strongly recommended to 
work his way up the Walk, as this 
greatly enhances its pioturesqtie 
effects. From the inn the road as- 
cends a pass under the cliffs of Craig- 
y-bwlch to Bwlch Oerdnrs, 3 m. fur- 
ther on, whence the road descends the 
valley of the Ceiyat. 1 m. beyond 
Bwlch Oerdrws is Pennant-yr, where 
is a waterfall. 2 m. beyond, a small 
stream flows in &om a romantfo amphi- 
theatre ot mountains, Cfllled Craig- 
Maes-y-glasian, in centre of which is 
another very good cascade. ' 
ther on is the surpassing 
village of Dinai Movidiwy. To TuJ- 
y-ilyn, 8 m,, and JUaeAyniZelA. Ifi m,; 
shortly after leaving the Cross Foxes 
(see above) the scenery greatly im- 
proves, the road running for several 
miles at the veir foot of Cader Idris, 
21 m. beyond tiie Cross Foies is a 
narww ravine, bounded on one side 
by the precipices of Cen Gniig (a 



shoulder of Cader Idris) and on the 
other by Oraig-y-Uam, " Ule rock of the 
leap ; " the little lam dose to roadside 
on 1. Is Ltyn Trigraienyn, or " Lake 
of the Three Grains," so called from 
three largo stones lying near it, thrown 
there, according to the legend, by the 
giant Idris. A most exquisite reach 
now opens out, the chief feature being 
the beautiful T«l-j-Uyn, till 1 m. fui-- 
thet on is reached MinfforM, a road- 
side inn, whence may be visited the 
glorious mountain lake of £!jn^- Coe, 
IJ m. distant. It is best reached by 
following the course of a small stream 
which flows into it, from a little be- 
low the inn. About I m. beyond 
Minffordd, on the high road, is Tal-y- 
ilyn, li m. long and i m. broaji, held by 
some the most charming lake in Wales, 
and a " paradise for anglers." It is 
noted for the rapid growtli and omaiing 
fecundity of trout, the shallow weedy 
bottoms, particularly those at lower 
end of the lake, being IkbI for sport ; 
the best fishing months are May and 
Juno. At 8.W. comer of the lake, 
which is entirely hemmed in by moun- 
taiuB, is the comfortable little mn of 
Tya-y-Comel! from Minffordd the road 
to Machynlleth turns sharply to 1., 
and winding over brow of a hiU de- 
scends into the valley of the Coiys, 
2i m. to Corye; hence the road is car- 
ried down the vale of Dulos, thtongh 
beautifid river and woodland scenery 
to MachynUetii, pssBing i m. beyond 
Corys, Braidt Goch, where is a small 
roadside inn. 

Dutancei. — Oorwen, 80 m. by load, 
1 hr.20min.by rail; MachynUeth, by 
rail, 1 br. 36 min. ; Aberdovey, by rail, 
J hr. 6 min. ; Towyn, by raU, 54 min. ; 
Barmouth, by rail, j hr, ; Ffestiniog, 
21 m. by road. 

DoLWiDtiE[.AN, see Betttct-j/-Coed. 

Soncastei* (Yorkgh.), 8tat. on 
main line of G. N. Bly., 156i m. 
&om King's-cress. Also to Slieffield 
by Midi. Hly., 1 8{ m., vto Masborough, 



DOyCMTES—DOMCHESTES. 



145 



the race week (in SeptemberX when it 
is thronged with viBttoiB. 

8l. Georges, the parish oh., wsa 
burnt down in 1853. The prenenl 
noble crmciform cb. waa erected from 
the designa of Sir G. G, Bcott, at the 
cost, with all its appeodngea, of about 
45,0001. The "eneial character of the 
ch. is Dec. The great height of the 
uaTe and cbancel roof produces within 
an effect of real grondenr. The organ 
is eaid to be tbe largest chu»cb organ in 
England, except that of York Minster ; 
containing 96 stops and above 6000 
pipea. It was built by M, Sohultze, 
and ia noted for the eweetneaa of its 

Doncaeter is best known to Itae 
world from its Aacca, which take place 
anniiBllT in Beplember, and last i 
days. Thbv are among tbe most cele- 
brated in England, attracting a vast 
assemblage of persona, and contribut- 
ing not a little to the prosperity of 
the town. The Baee-couT»e is about a 
mile !rma tbe town, on tbe old London 

On the left of the station are the 
sheds and fiictoriea of tbe railway 
•'plant," of which this is the general 
depot for the Great Northern Blv. 
Alt tbecarriagea and engines are made 
here. Abont 1500 wotfcmsn are em- 

Conitboroagh Ga»tU, SJ m. 8.W. from 
Doncaijter (there is a station on Hldl. 
BIy.), is of ereat interest, and is accu- 
rately described by Sir Walter 8catt in 
'Ivanhoe.' Although no part of the 
exiiiting remaiuB is earlier tlian tbo 
Norman Conquest, it is probable that 
a forness of some kind existed bere 
during the Saxon period. (The keys 
are kept at the iillago on the other 
aide of tbe casUe.) 

The Cattie crowns a nstaral knoll 
aboTe the Don, the summit of which 
forms a platfonn of rather less than an 
acre, and is encircled by the outer 
wall of the place. The entrance is 
from the village or S.W. side, by a 



N.W. angle, and formioz part of the 
oitouit of the outer wall, is tbe keep- 
tower, 86 ft, high. Tbe tower is cir- 



cular, and within is about 22 fL dia- 
meter. It consistsof 3 storeya(beeideB 
the dungeon), now open from turret 
to foundation. The view from the 
top is very striking. 

Coniaborougb CIt. (restored) ia prin- 
cipally Norm,, and deserves a visit. 

Sdhy is distant IH m. by raU (N.E.). 

DoKiNOTOM (Salop), see AJbrighton. 

DONUIHOTON CiSTLB, Bee NeubuTg, 

noreheMer (Dor8et.> Stats., 
S. W. and at. W. Blys., close together. 
Jn»M.- Kin^s Arms; Antelope. This 
is a thrivmg town, and one of tbe 
cleanest and prettiest in the W. of 
England. It has unquestioned claims 
to antiquity, having be«i a British 
town before the invasion of Cffear. It 
lies on a hill sloping on the N. to the 
valley of the Frone. 

Tlie juDctioa of the 4 streets in the 
centre of tbe town ia marked by 
Si. Feltr's Ch. with its floe pinnacleil 
tower, and the modem Tirufa Hall, 
with its angular spirelet. At the 
bottom of High-street a pleasant walk 
leads along the banks of tbe Frome, 
with green water-meadows to tbe rt. 

The Coaniy Xiueum, in Trinity- 
street, contains a good coUecttco) of 
local fossils, and a fine archieological 
collection. 

The Amphmeatre, called Mambury, 
or Maambury, lies to the 8. of the 
town, 1. of the Weymouth road, in 
close proximity to the 2 railway sta- 
tions. Whether British or Roman, it 
is equally interesting as the moat per- 
fect relic of the kind in this country. 
It is an oval or elliptical earthwork, 
enclosing an area 218 ft. in length, 
and 163 It. in width. Fromtbewalkon 
the W. rampart ia seen another ancient 
work, the camp of Potindbury — crest- 
ing the head of a hill which rises from 
the river Frome, a few hundred yards 
from the western gate. It is a tole- 
rably regularly shaped entrenchment, 
protected V a lofty vallum and ditcli. 
Some persons tbiok it was constructed 
by the Danes, whilst others maintain 
that it ia a Uoman work. The snm- 
mit commands an extensive view. 

Excur»ion» may be made to 

(a) Maiden Cattle, 2 m. S., one of 
tbe moat stnpendous British earth- 



146 



DOSCBESTEE—DOBKING. 



mdheiag in its 
inner area about 45 oaieB, ftod covering 
fiiU 115 acrea altogether, riaiug ia 
oonspiouous grandeur to the rt. of the 
Weymoutb road. It measnrea about 
1000 yards from B. to W., and 500 
&om N. to B. The whole ia Bor- 
rounded irith 2, in aatao planes 3, 
ramparts, 60 ft. high, and of amaz- 
ing steepness. Below Maiden Castle. 
E., to Uke L of the Weymouth road, 
stands Herriitgiione (B. W. WllliAms, 
Esq.), a bonse of much interest, temp. 

(i) li m. N.W., in the valley of the 
Frome, ia the very iulereating house 
of Wottelon (W. H. WesloD, Esq.), 
built 1584. The gatehuuaa has cir- 
cnlar bastions and steep roofs. From 



return by pleasant meadows to Dor- 
chester, 2 m. 

(a) AJiother circuit of much interest 
to tiie orchaologlst, and displaying 
wide and varied views, is through the 
fields to Paddletoimi (5 m.), where the 
ch. deserves a visit ; thence to Athd- 
hampton Hail (Mrs. Or. J. Wood), 1 J jq. 
Ei., one of the best example« of do- 
mestic architectore in the isonnty, 
bnilt probably temp. Hen. VII. ; and 
over uie ridge into the valley of the 
Frome to Woodt/ord CasOe (3 m.), 
which the archs»Dlogist must by no 
means omit to visiL It goatds the 
passage of the Frome, bat is more of a 
ir-bouse than a castle, It appears 



by Loid Ilohester. 
tourist may return to Dorchester 
foot, 5 ro., or by railway from Moteton 
Station. 

(d) A _ „ 
made to the heights of 
760 ft above the sea, and the Belt- 
gtone, the Nine Bona, and other pre- 
bistorio remains on the bare chalk 
downs about little Bredy. («) To 
Weymouih, 7 m. by rail. (/) Bridr 
^oH, itii Maiden Newton Juno. 

DoBOBBSTEB (Oxou), Boe Oxford 
(Bicnrs.). 

Dorklnr (Snrrey), Stet. 
L. B. ft S. C. Bly., 26 m. hoot I 



. also & E. Bly., tid BedhiU 

Jimo., 30| m. Inns ; * Bed Lion ; White 
Horse. An excellent centre fm tbe 
aiploratiou of the most charming 
scenery of tbe county. Oloae to the 
town and on the S. side of tbe n^- 
way is Deepdeue (Mrs. Hope), full of 
art-tieasnree, which every visitor should 
see. The honse and gronnda are 
shown, during tbe abs^ice of the 
famil;, on '^esdays. Magnlfloent 
sculpture by Banti, Thonealdeen, Bar- 
tolini, Flaxman, B. J. Wyatt, and 
others ; enamels by Bone ; and nume- 
rous highly intereeting paintiiigs, 
chiefly by old masters. It was h^ 
that Mr. Disraeli wrote the greater 
part of " Coningsby." The soene with- 
out is equally beautiful, the walks 
open to the public are easily tracked, 
and the most magiuflcent views may 
be obtained from the terrace at the 
top of the bill behind the Doric temple. 
The fine avenue in Betchworth Park 
and the clump of Scotch flrs called 
"The Gloty" should be visited, the 
walks lesdiug to them Irom the Park 
and through the woods reepeotivdy 
being open to the public. Fronting 
"The G-lory," but on the opposite 
side of the railway, is Dmbiet (Hrs. 
Cubitt). From the terrace, whidk is 
reaiched by a bridle-path passing dose 
by tbe house, the ride or walk may be 
continued across Banmore Conunon 
(inspect handsome new church), re- 
turning to Dorking by OonuhoZI and 
Wotlon, or by Poleadoa and Wat- 
humbU, the latter route affording the 
finest views of BoxAiS. Another moat 
ploisant ezcoiaion ftoni Dorking Is 
tbat to the summit of LeOh HiU by 
Bedland and Coldbarbour, &om which, 
says Evelyn, 12 or 13 counties may 
be seen. Descend in the direction 
B.W. of Tanhvnt, returning to Dol- 
ing either by Abinger Common, tbe 
BooJcery ^vtde in/rii), and Weitgatt ; 
or ronndmg the E. side of tbe hill 
after leaving Tanhorst, l^ OMej/, 
Bear Oreen, and Bobntnood Common. 

Taking the road towards WottoD, 
about 1 m. L, lies Btirg Sill (Bobert 
Barclay, Esq.). The park is open to 
the public, aid the visitor shoold make 
his way to the snmmer-honae on a 



Hommit called " the Nower." Nearly 
oppofdte, rt. is MOion Court, a red 
brick ElizabetliaJi mamdon, in which 
Jereniiab Matkland died 1776. 1 m. 
further is Weitgat^, or Wetlcot, end tm 
the 1. ia the Sookery, the birthplace, 
17C6, of Malihoa, the eroTmda of which 
ore very beautifill and through which 
a bridle path leada to the vale of 
Broadmoor, &om which asceot'of Leith 
H'll may he made. Beyond, 1 : 
a gate opens into the road to Woltoa 
Ch., which should be visited. Tbe 
monnment to Chptaiu Evelyn is by 
Weetmaoott, and the striking inscrip- 
%on by the late Dr. Arnold. About 
I m. beyond (aW.) is WotUm Soate 
(W. J. Evelyn, Eaq,), which is not 
generally ahown. Amonpt some 
treasures of the house is the pnyer- 
book used by Charles I. on the soiflold. 
Not quite 2 m. S. is Abinger Ch. ; and 
1 m. W. from Wotton the road passes 
Abinger HaU (Lord Abinget), the 
SDenery about which is exoe^ingly 
attractive. 

Ch>Be by is OonuhaU (Inn : Black 
Horse, (xaofortablel, and on the N. 
Bide of the railway, I m., is Bhere 
(Tnn : White Horse, very comfortable). 



porch of ob., are worth inspection. 
Adjoining Shere is the village of 
AOniry, new ch., Eomaneaqne style, 
built at the sole expense of the mte 
Hen. Drummond, M.P. Delightful 
rides and walks surround the village 
on every side. To E. of village is 
the Duke of Notthnmberland's well- 
wooded and varied park, on borders of 
which ia the ch. or " Cathedral," built 
by the late Hr. Drummond, at a cost 
of 16,000;., fbr tbe use of the peculiar 
"Chnrah" ("True Aportolic") of 
which he waa the bead. A south- 
easterly drive from here (1 hr.), across 
Albnry and 8here commons, asoend- 
ing through wooded lanes, leads to 
Ewkurtt. from which is obtained a 
very striking view of the Weald of 
Sussex. From the ch. the road to the 
N.W. gradually winds over the Downs, 
tlie behest point of which ia reached 
at ^eiMan^i Comer, 2 m., to the 
B,W. of which stands tbe ch. of Bt 



■JSQ. 1*7 

Martha, built on a beatb and fem- 
oovered hiU of about 600 ft. On the 
same road, and about 6 min. walk 
from the Cathedral, are some of the 
Duke's &rm-honsee, at the flrst of 
whioh ia kept tbe key of tbe gate 
leading to tbe Sberbonie Pond, com- 
monly known in the neighbonrbood 
as the SUatt Pool, tbe most romantio 
spot near London, which the touriat 
should not faU to visit A very ple«^ 
aant and easy 2 days' walkinfi' exoor- 
sion may be made from Dorking, 
passing over the N. Downs by Hock- 
burst downs, "Evershed's lionghs," 
where tbe late Bp. of Winchester was 
killed (see Uemorial Btonc there), 
continuing to Coombe Bottom, known 
also as Juniper Hill , and Newlaud'a 
Comer; tbcnce to Qutld/ord, where 
sleep. Next morning prooeed by road 
to Shalford, and so to ChUworth, itiep- 
ing St. Martha's Ch. on the N., and 
Aibury (where Martin Tapper re- 
sides). On reaching the True Apos- 
tolic Oatbedral, diverge to see the 
Silent Pool (see anle), and returning 
to the road, take the first gate on rt,, 
whioh leads to Shere. Lundi at the 
White Horse Inn ; after whioh keep 
to the pretty road to OonuhaU, 
Abinger Haimmer, and Dorking. Last. 
though not tbe least, deligbtfal ez- 
from Dorking, is that to Bkc- 

ilim: Fox and Hounds, at 
iridge). From here tbe 
asoent of the hill should be made. 
Takiog tbe path outside tbe hotel 

Jiremises, the pedestrian soon over- 
ooka the house and grounds of Bur- 
ford Lodge (Sir TrCTor Laurence). 
The view of the bill from this aide U 
rery striking. The sommit gained (to 
wluch there ia also a carnage road), 
the visitor may roam at pleasure 
throngh the woods— a very favourit« 
resort of pio-nio parties— and enjoy 
occasionally the noble views of the 
surrounding country. There is a cot- 
tage at the tap, for the anppty of hot 
water and 1ic;bt refreshments. Oppo- 
site tiie hotel ia a lane to Westhumble 
and Fridley Meadows, a very pleasant 
walk, and a abort distance below the 
wooden bridge leading into the mea- 
dows is a group of those remarkable 



148 



DOTEDALE^DOVEB. 



wMch the river Molel 

disappears at intorvala. Beyond the 
meadowB, a path ascends to Norburj/ 
Park (see thnre the Druid's grove^ 
vhence the walk may be coutmued to 
MickUham, and theaco back by Bur- 
ford Bridge, The iralk fram Burfbrd 
Bridge to Leatherhead ia delightful 
(see Leatherhead). 

Dovedule, Tour oy (Derby.), 
atartia^point AaM>imr7ie [see), Stot.. 
North Staffs. Riy., 35 m. from Maccles- 
fleld. Take tho road to Mappleton, 
nearly 2 m. (Jnn; Okeover Aims), a 

CI fishing stelioQ, and then cross 
Dove to Okeover. The HaU (H. 0. 
OkeoveTjEsq.) oonlains a few goodpio- 
tnrea, a Holy Family (the "Pearl"), 
hjRaphatl. TheCi.iswellreBtoredby 
Soott Oo npposite side of the Dove, 
3 m. Jirom Manpleton, and midway 
between that place and Itam, ia the 
Tillage of Tlurrpe. The Ch. is a very 
ancient atruoture, pictoresqneiy si- 
tuated on the top of a hill, from which 
are fine views of the Dove at its 
jnnotioii with the Manifold. Ikaa ia 
a beautiful village on the Manifold 
river, nliich some miles higher np is 
joined by the Hamps, and has a 
partly nnderground couiae. ilont ifoU 
(J-Watts-Busaell, Esq.) is aflne modem 
Tudcs toansiou. In the giotinda are 
the eA. (restored by BeoU), which con- 
tains Uie eoily shrine of St. Bertbo- 
lia, and a mausoleum, wilh a statue 
by Chantrey of the fitther of Mia. 
Watts-Buasell. The viUaga is charm- 
ing — see the Bleanor cross drinking- 
fountain lo memory of Mrs. Watta- 
Bnssell. At Ilam, ciois the Manifold 
rivet lo the *lxaak IToffon Jnn — 
tickets for &ihing may be had here — 
5 m. iiom Ashhonme. at the foot of 
flunrier, which, with Thorpe Cloud oo 
opposite bank, guards the entrance 
to Dovedale, the principal points of 
which are the rocks called Titti-agton 
SpiTBi, Seyaard't Hall, a cavern fa- 
monsforpic-nics: \heDoveHolet; Mill 
Pale. 9 ra. i and Load MUl, 1 m. be- 
yond, where the most romantic scenery 
Higher up is Beretford DaU, 
' m. long, a pleasing so — 



abont i m. long, .. , 

where are the Pilie Bool and Soek, the 
latter apringing up in the middle of the 



At the bead of the glen is the 
flsbing-honse, built by C. Cotton, 
1674. in memory of his friend Izaak 
Walton. The tourist may go on 
through Hariinglon (see), | m. be- 
yond, and 14 m. from Ashbourne, to 
Suxlon, 14 nj., or return to Ash- 
bourne. Before quittii^ Ilam, the 
tourist should walk 2 m. up the Mani- 
fold to ThrowUy (Garl Cathcart), and 
4} m. to That's Cave, overlooking tha 
river, in which many interwrtkig 
Bomoae-Britaiiuic relics have been 
foufid. 

Dover (Kent). Blats., South- 
Easiem, and London, Chatham, and' 
Dover Elys. InTti: The Lord War- 
den H., close to the pier; ••Dover 
Oastle H. ; King's Head H. ; all lacing 
the harbour and close to railway sta- 
tions ; Esplanade H. ; The Harp, 
Strond-Bt3«et ; 'Bhakespeare, Bench- 
street ; Rojal Oak, Cannon-street. 

The Pier ia a noble work, extenditig 
TOO yds. into the sea, forming one side 
of the proposed harbour of refuge. 
A fort is being constructed at the &- 
oiination. On the W. side is a raised 
promenade, whence flne views of the 
sea, the French coast, and of Dover 
Castle, Ac, are oblaiaed. Both Bail- 
way Companies have lines on Hie Pier, 
so that passengers are conveyed within 
a few paces of the Mail Packets, which 
leave twice daily for Calais and 
Ostend, 

The CaslU, 1 m. bom r»lway 
station, across the harbour, oocnpies 
a commanding «le, and a qiece of 
35 acres. There are two entrances, 
one of which called the New Entrance, 
or Fulbert de Dover's Tower, is 
usually open to the public. It is 
approached &om the top of Castle- 
street by a long flight of steps, or 
by a zigzag carriage road. 

The Ke^ remains cooust of 3 
storeys; the view fiotn the top of it 
(468 ft.) is magnificent The interior, 
containing the " Ik^al Apartments," 
" Harold's Well." Ac, can be seen on 
application. Near tha cliff are the 
handsome Artillery Barracks, built in 
1858, in iiDnt of which is placed a 
curious specimen of Kunnery, called 
Queen Elizabeth's Pocket Pistol. 



DBIFFIELD-DUDLEY. 



149 



Tlie Flioroi, or wntch-tower, an 
intereBtiiiz Boman remain, and the 
cL of " St Maiy wilMn the Castle," 
foi vhioh great antiqnity is claimed, 
and oantaining double pUdnai &□., 
are well worthy of note. 

The onde^romid woiks, of great 
extent, maj be seen by order, obtained 
at Brigade OfBce, Castle -street. 

Of the Prion/ of St. Martin, the 
Gat«bonse and nefectoiy remain, and 
are now included in the gionnds 
of Dover College, the Bofectorf, a. 
good room, nearly perfect, being oaed 
as the achoolroom. Part of the dor- 



mitorr aiao renuiina, 
&nn DoildingA. 






The Priory Stat of the Lond. Chat. 
& Dover BIy. is a short distanoe W. 

The JHuHutn, which is open to the 
poblio, contains a good collsction of 
natuial history and local antiqnities. 

The Seighl* and Satteriei, beyond 
the town, W., are more elevated than 
tba Oastle. Gravel walks, usually 

3>en to the public, are carried all 
oog tbe heights, and the view from 
them across tbe town to tbe Caatle is 
vary striking. Admis«ioa to the forti- 
fications aud citadel is usually free, 
bot being a matter of favour on tbe 
part of the authorities, it is subject to 
altaation at their will. The Bar- 
racks here have a oomnaunication 
with the town by a Hilitsiy Shaft. 
a triple staircase of 140 step«, eoter- 
Ing from Snargate-itreet. A deep 
valley separates these heights from 
Eay, or Shakeipeare'i Clif. 

&. pleasant excursion to St. I, 
jfuiuf 1, OF BradioU Abbey, 3 m.] 
Also to 8f. Margarefi at Cljffe. 
Margarel^B Bay, uid the South Fore- 
land, vhere the splendid Elecbic 
Lighthonse may be seen. The pro- 
poKd Channel Tunael ia to start uom 

Communications by coach to Deal, 
9 m.. i times a day. 
DoYBBCOCBT, See Harwich. 
Down Ampkev. see CrteHade. 
DowHTON (Salop), see Lndioa. 
DowNTOH (Wilta.), see SaliAury. 
Dratton. see Thrapdone. 
Dr&ttoh Babsetf, see TamaorOi. 
Driffield, c;reat(VorksO 



Jnno. Stat. N,E. Ely., 10 ra. from Hull 
and 11} m. from Bridlington. Inm: 
*BeU ; Ctobb Keys. 3 m. S.W. is the 
most interesting ch. (late Norn).) of 
Kirkbama (see also Severley and 
Bri^ington). 

Dboitwicb, see Worttder. 

DroDfleld (Derbysh.) — Stat. 
MidUnd BIy., 8} m. &tnt Bhfgidd. 
(Jnn: Blue Poet] — a small town on 
the Drone ; has a fine Dec. Ch., witli 
lofty spire, sedilia, and an altar-tomb 
of a knight, probably one of the Fan- 
shawee. Exeanioni. — (a) 4} m. N. to 
Beauehief Abbey, now modeniised, bnt 
still retaining its venetftble tower, oud 
a portion of tbe nave. There are 8 
beantiM Nonn. arches. 2 m, £., at 
Norton village, is an obelisk of (cranite 
Chantrty, a native. The Ch. hoa 

□numents to the Blyths. 

DBOFHOae, see Thama. 

lnidle:r (Worce8.)~Btat for 
3 lines: Gt. W„ South Staff, and Lon- 
don * North-Westem Blya. (Tnn: 
Dudley Arms, tolerable) — is a most 
important ironwork town of the Bla«k 
Couotrv, well built, and pictureijjutdy 
sitnated. Overhangiug the station is 
tbe Cattle Hill (admission freeX a 
charmingly wooded eminence, with a 
splendid view over the mining dis- 
tricts of WorceBler and South Staf- 
fordshire, with a fine background of 
hills. Crowning it are the ruins of 
Dudley Catth, an oblong area of an 
acre, eurrounded by a wall flanked 
with towers of late Perp. date. The 
great tower and keep are Early Dec, 
and excellent specimens of castel- 
lated ornamented work. Underneath 
the hill are large caverm, in the upper 
Silurian limestone (Wenhwk), through 
which tlio Dudley Canal is carried. 
It is of no use visiting them except 
on special oocaaious, when they are 
lighted up. 

In the Marketplace is a splendid 
Fountain, by Fonyth, given by tho 
Earl of Dudley, In the Benaissance 
style. Tbe Geological JHuieum, at the 
Public Hall, is very rich in local 
foiBtla, and particularly in Silurian 
trilobiles, which abound at the CaaOe 
Hill and at Wren'i Neit, 1 m. W.. a 
curious dome, which has be«a quarried 



ISO 



DVFfflELD—DmHIOW. 



both ineride and oat till it is a perfect 
boaeyoomb. Bxatraiom. — To EnriUe 
Hali—in StafibrdBhire — and Gardens 
(E. of Stamibrd and Warrington ; ad- 
Bu'saionTnesdaya and Fridays), 11 m.; 
EimUs (lady Ward), * m.; and, i m. 
8. of Himley, lo Bolbeach, an old 
manslou in wMoh wme of the Gon- 
powder Plot conspirBtoiB were takon 
or killed. 

Onffleld (Derby.). Stat., Mid- 
land Rly., a pret^ village on rt. bank 
of the Derwent The Ch. (dohased 
Perp.) has Montmumti to (a) Sir K. 
UynoTB and Lady, ISSS ; (6) to An- 
thony Bradsbaw, great-nncle of Presi- 
dent Bradshaw, file regicide. From 
here a branch line nms off N.W., to 
WirknnorOi {Intu ; Geoi^ ; Lion), 
beantifiilly sitnated. 

Dtloe, see Liikeard. 

Dulverton , 
mid\ray between Taunton and Sam- 
tUyile. Jntis; KedLion; LambjWhite 
Hut. The townissituatediaan amphi- 
theatre of biUe, wooded in large covers 
for the ted deer, and the river Barle 
dashes past nnder a bridga of 5 arohes. 
It has many attractions for the artist 
or sportsman. The ecenery is beau- 
tiful; the troul^fisMng free to the 
pnblio ss &r as the border of the 
forest ; and the stag and fox hnnting 
on Eionoor, of a peonliar and exciting 
desoiiption. Notice the views fi«m 
the ch.-yd. and bridge, and, above all, 
fimn JUoutit Sydetmam, In a wood 
above the ch, 

A short, bnt delightfol, Exeurtion . 
to HujAer Combe (a hnnting-bos of 
Sir T. Dyke Aoland), letnming by 
the Barle. The distance by the 
foreBt, Bed Deer Inn, and Sinxons- 
bath to Lynbm (see), is 23 m. (charged 
26 m, posting), a pleasant vralk 
in sommer time. Bampton {Eotel: 
White Hoise), also pleasant quartets 
for the angler or lu^t, is 5 m. S. 
There is a magnifloent view fiom the 
cL-yd. The ot^ects of iutereet in the 
iminediate neighboorhood are the 
Limaione Quarrtsf, and the sceneij 
of the first mile of the Wiveliscomfae 
road. On the road to TiverUm, t m, 
9., are PixionPark {B. of Carnarvon), 
-id 2| in., Bdirittgi {Inn : Bine Ad- 



ohot), a bamlet much J^neuted by 
anglers. 

WiveUtearabt (pron, Wilacombe) is 
12 m. from Dulverton. Jnns: Lion; 
BelL 

DulwJcta (Surrey). The L. C. 
t D. Rly. has a station 4 m. S,W. of 
tha CoUege ; the L. B. 4 a 0. Rly. 
one the same distance N. Inns .- The 
GreyhoDnd, a good hotue, near Uie 
College; the Crown, nearly apposite. 
This is a rural, weU-timbercd, and 
pleasant village, the greet attraction 
at which is the (MUae of Go^t Oift, 
founded by Bdward Alleyne, the 
player, a contemporary of Bhakespeare, 
containing an important collection of 
piotnres, bequeathed by Sir Fmnoia 
Bourgeois inlSll. To Uiia gallery the 
pnbUo are admitted, without charge 
and uCAouf tieketi, every week-day, 
during the smnroer months, &om 10 
till 5; in winter, from 10 till 4. 

In the IXning and Audit Boomt 
are some interesting portraits, some of 
which were bequeathed byWm. Cart- 
wright the actor in 1686. TheMu-arjl 
contains about 5000 vols. To those 
rooms visitors are only admitted by 
special order. 

The CUJe^eCAopel serves also as the 
parish church of Dolwioh. The altar- 
piece is a oopf of Raphael's Traus- 
Hguration. In the chancel is a marble 
slab, marking the tomb of Edward 
AUefne, the Ibouder, d. 1626. 

The entrance to the Pidme OdHery 
is from the road on the N. side of tbe 
College. The great charm of ttua 
gallery is its perfect quiet, and the 
pictuies may at any tdme be inspected 
with ease and comfort There are five 

The new BehotiU are at DuZtricft 
Comaum, abont } m. 8. of the Coll^ia 
(take the road on L of the College fnmi 
the village). 

DuNBAU Massey, see >4ItrtneAam. 

DntTEBBSWELL Abbet, SCO Honibm, 

nunmavr, Great. (Bsser) 
—Stat, Dnnmow, Gt E. Rly. (Jnn»,- 
Saracen's Head; Star; White Lion) 
— stands on the Chelmer. The Ch. 
is spacions, Deo. and Peni., with a 
lof^ tower, above the W. door of 
which are the armorial bearings of 



DUNMOW— DUNSTABLE. 



ISl 



Mortimei, Bolimi, Bonrcbier, aaA 
Braybroohe, benetacton to the &bria. 
Sir George Beanmont, the painter, 
lived bera. At 8l^ibing, 3 m. N.K, is 
a good Deo. CK., temp. Ed. II., chie^r 
Botioeeble for its cbaocel-arob, vrUch 
fomu A goreeii of stone between naTi 
and chancel. It has been mnob mn 
tilated. There ia even a finer azamph 
in Great BardjiM Ch., 5 m. N. Ii 
lAOU Eatlon Ch., 2} m. N.W., lie 
Beveral of the Booichien, Earls of 
EsBBL. On au altar-tMnb are the very 
fine engraved and oolonied brasaea of 
£arl Henry, E.Q, Lord TreaanraT to 
Hen. VI. and Edw. IV., and Isabel 
Plautu^et, hia wi(^ anut of Edw. 
IT. Tbia is one of the five brasses 
wluch remain of Eni^tsof tiie Garter. 
There are also noble monuments to 
the Maynaid iamity. At Tiltfy, i m. 
from Dnnmow, are the remains of a 
Cistercian abbey, foonded in 1133. 
The Ch. deserves notice. Thaxted, 
S m. beyond Tiltey, oontains one of 
the finest and most interesting ohurches 
in Essex. The pnlpit and font and 
the csrved bosses of tlie roof shonld be 
noticed. There are some good speci- 
mens of ancient domestic architecture 
in Thaited, especially the old building 
called the OuOdhalL 

1 m. 8.W. of Thatted is Boreham 
SiOl, a noble mansion of Hen. VU. 

FleAy Mount, 7 m., is well worth 
visitijig (860 CkelvttfoTd). 

DuiUtaMe (Beds.). There are 
2 stations ; the Ckurch-ilreel Stat., Q. 



Ely.,' 47^ m. ftom London. These 
stations are oonneoted by laiL Inm : 
The 'Sugarloaf; Bed Lion; Sara- 
cen's Head. The town is situated 
at the foot of the ChUtem Hills. A 
priory was foonded here by Hen. I., 
and the remaining portion (Norm, and 
E. E.) of the Frioiy Ch. (close to 
Chnrch-street 8tat) is very fine and 
interesting. Since 1850. 7OO02. has 
been spent in restoration, which is 
still in pn^en. 

In the W. front, the great Norm, 
portal is retained. It recedes in 4 
orders, irith rich bands <rf' soolpture 



mnch shattered. The N. portal is rich 
E. E., and the arcades above are also 
E. E. The E.-E. turret, at the N.W. 
angle of the tower, should espedally 
be noticed, as anusoal in design. 

Passing into the cb., the main ar- 
cade of seven beys is Norm. 

The W. end of the nave is E. E. 
A zigz^ lunonuds the arch of the 
main portal ; above, ia an E.-E open 
arcade, very curiously managed. The 
2 eastemmoBt bays of the old nave now 
serve as the choir, and the east wall 
is now partly covered by an open 
screen of Parp. character, lemored 
from Bcane other port of the cb. 

In the N.W. tower are 8 bells, 
iiunous for the sweetnees of their tone. 
Of the domestic bnildings belonging 
to this great prior; there are bnt 
scanty remains. A httle in &ont, and 
in advance of the W. &ont of the ch., 
is on archway, with a smaller arch 
adjoining, and a small bonse with a 
square window, now blocked, on the 
farther side. Tliis mnst have been 
an entrance to the prior's lodging. 
Bomewhat W. of the ch., in a boose 
belonging to " Mnnt and Brown," is a 
long vaulted substructure, now divided 
by panellings into 3 rooms. 

In a round of abont 5 a. the camps 
of JUaiden Bower and ToUenAne may 
be visited. Abont a mile from Ihm- 
stable ia a plateau between a high 
hiU 8., on which are 5 ronnd barrows, 
called the " Five Knolls," and, on the 
N. side, the camp of " Maiden Boaxr." 
This is a nearly circular area of abont 
9 acres, enclosed by an earthen vallum 
from 6 ft. to 11 tt. high. It is, no 
doubt, a British, or at least a pre- 
Boman, work. } m. from Maiden 
Bower is another great bill-fortreea, 
Totienihot Cattle. This occupies a 
ptqeoting headland of the downs, with 
a central "keep," surrounded b; a val- 
lum, and a second of irregular form at 
short dislanoe. 

The downs here have been qnarried 
fiom a very early period, and Tottem- 
hoo stone, or "etumA," has been 
largely osed for internal work in the 
churches of all this port of England. 
The quaniea are wottn visiting by the 
geologist 



The Ch. of EaUm Bray, i m. S.W. 
of Dnnatable, is worUi a visit. It ma; 
be included ia the eicursiou to Tot- 
temhoe Castle, Obssrve ironwork, late 



talon is diatant 10 min. by railway. 

DuKSTANBOBOUQH, Bee Alnitiuik and 
EmbleUm, 

DuMSTER, Bee Bridguiaier, Lynton, 
and Taitntoa. 

DuNTON Grbbn. see Chidekurit. 

DuNWiCH, see Lou>eetofl. 

Dlirtatkni (Durham), 256 m. 
from LondoD. Q. N. Rly. ; or may be 
readied by Mid]. Rly., via Doncaater 
and York; and 20 luio. by tail from 
Newcastle ; 3 lira, from Leeds : 1 hr. 
40 mill, from York. Inn: "County 
Hotel, nearly 1 m. from Btation. Au 
ancient toyro, almost anrrounded on 
three Bides by the river Wear. The 
lown is ent^m from tbe ststiun by 
Wramtedlgate Bridge, of two ancient 
arches, 90 ft. in span, built 1120, and 
lebnilt in 15th cent. ; there is a lovely 
view looking up the Wear to the 
" Prebend's Bridge," with the castle 
and cathedral on wooded height on 1. ; 
hence a steep narrow street of ancient 
houses leads lo the somewhat pic- 
Inresque Markel-plate ; on N. side is 
the modern Qothic oh. of St. Nicholas, 
in front of which Is the bronze eques- 
trian statue of the Martmis of London- 
derry by Monti; on W. is the Tovm 
Bail, with portraits of Charles II. and 
Bp. Ciewa; the statue of Neptune is 
of date 1729. Hence a steep street 
rt. leads to the Palace Green, on W, 
side of which is (1) The Exchequer, 
containing a valuable collection of 
books bequeathed to the University 
of Durham by Dr, Eouth, Bp. Malt- 
by, and Dr. Wiulerbottora ; (2) Bp. 
Cotin'a Library, where is a fine copy 
of lirst edition of Shakespeare and 
others : (3) The LectuTe Roam* of Oie 
Univereity; (4) tbe Krister Office 
of the County Court. On N. side is the 
CaitU (chiefly 12th cent., but with 
more modern additions), now belong- 
ing to the University, Admission by 
tickets, la. each, procured at tbe 
potter's lodge. The Norm, gallery and 
keep are not shown unless specially 
asked for. It is entered from tbe 



N.W. comer of the Green by the 
Norm, areh of Dp. Pudaej (1174); 
the old doors and bolts are curious. 
On passing the gate, tlie visitor is at I 

once m the courtyard ; on &. ia tb« 
gateway, E. the keep, restored since 
the castie has been in possession of the < 

University, and occupied as rooms tor 
thestudents; N.E. isthechapelof Bp. '\ 

Tunstall ; N. tlic two original balls of j 

Pudaey; W. the present hall and 
kiteheD^-oll these are adorned with 
the fbnnder'a arms. From the N.W. 
comer a passage leads to the Nona. 
Chapel, prolnbbi' part of the original 
Norm, bnilding; the round and mas- 
sive columns are curiooslj omwaented ; 
a staircase near entrance of the chapel 
lends up to what is now called the 
Norm. Oallery, containing a very re- 
markable range of Norm, arches, deco- 
rated internally with zigiog ornament ; 
a door at end of this gallerf leads bo 
the striking and picturesque Black 
Stairease, erected by Bp. Cosin, 16fi5 ; 
it is usually approached from below, 
when the first door on 1. leads to the 
Oreat Mall of Bp. Hatfield ; at the 
upper end and dowji the sides are por- 
traits of Bp. Van Mildert and other 
founders of tbe University ; the pic- 
tures of the Apostles were brought 
from Spain by Motdaont, Earl of 
Peterborough ; the collection of por- 
traits of English bisliops was made by 
Bp. Cosin, whose portrait is at S. end, 
between Charles I. and II.: the pikes 
and halberis are relics of tbe feudal 
bishops; beyond tbe hall ia theBuf- 
tery ; close beside it ia entrance to tbe 
kilcben, wbicbfis of great size ; h^her 
on Black Staircase, a door 1. leads to 
raised walk encircling the keep, which 
should be visited for tbe views. The 
Keep stands on on artificial mound 
44 ft. high, and is of octagonal form 
63 ft. in diameter ; it was rebuilt for 
the University by Salvin, on ancient 
Norm, fbon^tion ; an oak screen 
aoparal«s the staircase from Bp. 'i^n- 
stair a Gallery, hung with ancient 
tapestry ; here is tlie magnificent and 
richly moulded Norm, arch, which 
formed the original outer dooi-way of 
the castle of Pudeeyi the zigzag 
moulding round tbe ontermost OKh is 



modurD. The Lower Hall contaias 
(I) TheSenate Rxna of Ike IMixnUy, 
which baa carvad flreplaca of time of 
Bp. James; tiie tapeetir on tho wells 
repieseute bistoi; of Ho«es; (2) the 
Common Room, which baa a Que 
otigiual poitcait of Jeremjr Tajlor and 
others; bejoad the g^eiy of Bp. 
Tunstall ia the Ckapd, also built by 
bim ; the carred screen work and stalls 
are relics of an earlier cbapel ; one of 
the Misereres, representing; a nan 
driving a woman in a wheelbarron, is 
curious: Uie paaels iataid with figures 
of the four Evangelists, St. Pel«r and 
St. Paal, and the altar, are portions of 
the former pulpit of the cathedral. At 
the foot of the staiicase is a small 
gallery or reading-room fitted up with 
some rich oak carving once belonging 
to Bp. Cosiu's screen, separating the 
nave from dioir of the catliedraL The 
miling separatiQg ttie ch.-yd. from the 
Green was the point where fugitives 
became safe within the sanctuary of 
St, Cntbbert, to whom the CafhedTid 
iras originally dedicated. The original 
building dates from lltb cent; the 
Galilee was added 1170 ; the £. tmu- 
sept or Cbapel of the Nine Altars, 
J289; the exterior was "chiselled" 
ia 17TS, which destroyed mnch Norm, 
work, the Norm, wiuduws being filled 
with mulliona and tracery of a later 
period, and the low battlement round 
the W. towers replaced by open para- 
pet work and pinnaclee with Ibdian 
mouldingH ; at N.W. end of E. transept 
ortheNineAltflrs{piMi) ia the carving 
of the Duu Cow. connected with the 
legend of the resting-place of St Cuth- 
berl's body; in the ch.-yd. are some 
interesting monnments, among others 
an effigy neat N. porch, round wliich 
several traditions linger ; the chief ■— 
trance is now the N. doorway, a i 
and deeply recessed Norm, arch ; fixed 
to this djxir is the &,mous Norm. 
Imocker which gained fugitives en- 
trance to the sanctuary: on entering, 
the Naite, by far the grandest epecimen 
of Norm, architecture eiistiug in Eng- 
land, presents an nnbruken vista such 
as exists in no other English cathedral; 
several of the massive colamns (23 ft. 
cound) are onutmeiited by fluted, zig- 



153 

lozenge - shaped furrows ; 

proceeding regularly mand the ch., rt. 
of doorway is the font, adorned with 
from the life of St. Cutbbert ; 
between the pillar nearest the font and 
the corresponding one on S. of nave, 
observe in pavement the .BOundoru 
Ctoh of blue marble, beyond whicli 
females were not permitted to ad- 
irooeedine down N- aisle of 
, under the N.W. tower (I.) 
is ft large monument of the Sharps 
family, bv Chantrey, and below it th^t 
of Dr. Thomas Zouch; the great W. 
window is Med with stained glass by 
Clayton and Bell, the gift of Dean 
Waddington ; its tracery rssembles that 
of great W. window of York ; two ade 
doors surmounted by modem stained 
glass windows, representing St. Bede 
and St. Cuthbert, lead to The Oalilee 
(76 ft. &om N. to S.. 40 ft, from B. to 
W.), whose walls project over and are 
incorporated with the solid cliff: this 
chapeL is unrivalled aa a perfect speci- 
men of tiansition from Norm, to B.E. ; 
the four rows of columns atid arches 
ptoduce a richness and intricacy to be 
found in no otber buildinj; in Eng- 
land ; the altar-stone of blue marble, 
with its five croasea, still remains; 
above tomb nnder blocked-up arch, 
where Bp. lingjey was buried, observe 
remaining; figures in fresco, said to re- 
present Richard I. and Bp. Pudsey, 
and valuable as examples of oostume ; 
at aw. corner of the Galilee ia a 
large altar-tomb covered by a slab of 
blue marble, with tlie inscription 
'' Hsc smit in fossa Bedie venerabilis 
ossa; " this was erected at the Befor- 
mation ; near the great W. window is a 
tiny chamber of Bp. Langley's time, 
probably used as a vestry ; on N.W. 
wall is a monument of Dean Hunt, 
1G3S: returning to the nave in 8.W. 
chapel is a monument with bust to Sir 
George Whaler ; here ia a richly carved 
cover of font (now at Pid^ungton) 
given by Bp. Cnsin ; rt ia S. door lead- 
ing to tJve cloisters, with rich Norm, 
omamenls ; the ironwork is remark- 
able; between the pillars separating 
aisle from nave are the Neville tombs, 
the £rst being that of John Lord 
Neville (d. 1389) and hia wife, and tlis 



IH ' DVH 

second that of Balph Lord Neville (d. 
ISKT) and hia wife; a bine marble 
slab beside the first eorers the grai 
d Bobert Neville, Bp. of Durhan 
Atenttance of 8. traniepi (it) ie the 
moaDmeDt of Sbote Barrington, by 
Chanlrey; at end of transept is the 
large Perp. window (1400) called Te 
Deam, from the hymn once painted 
on it; it is now reflUed with atained 
glass as before, by Clayton and Bell, ~ 
memoij of the ]aie Archdeacon Thorp, 
the first Warden of the UniverBity. A 
fclse srch in Norm, arcado tonnd the 
w«lls leads to the CAopter Some, 
buUt 1133-43, and, np to 1799, 
TEJled for its architecture and te 
ments ; here many of the bishops 
buried. A new screen, ailer a design 
by Sir a G. BootL is now (1876) in 
conise of erection between the Choir 
and nave ; the groined ceiling was 
erected by Bp. Hotonn (1289) " 
stall work is temp. Charles SI. , 
choir is terminated bj the AUar 
Screen, ereoled 1380, a ma«nifii»at 
specimen of early Feip. tabernacle 
work; the arms of Neville remain on 
the doorways leading to the shiioe; the 
whole was partially restored 1857 
the piinoipal monmnent """" "" """ 
of Bp. Haffleld (Lord "'- 
of England, d. 1881), 
twnb and aa throne for his i 
contains remains of its ai 
iag, end is highly illostratlTe of the 
episcopal oostnme and statuary art of 
tno period ; the central shield 
tomb bears the arms of England ; be- 
neath the altar is the tomb of Bp. Beau- 
mont (d. 1333) ; immediately behind 
the altar-screen andon level with choir, 
is a kind of raised platform called 
The Feretory, in centre of which St. 
Cuthbert was buried, and where stood 
his shrine. In B. aisle of choir, at base 
of Batfietd's tomb, is the gravestone of 
Einerio de Lomley, Prior of Lytham 
(abont 1333) ; at E. end is the entranee 
of the E. transept, always known aa 
!Z^ Nine AUart, the largest chapel in 
the kingdom (bnilt 1235-1275). Be- 
tween the Nine Altars and N. aisle of 
choir, is a long atone bench omamenl^ 
with arms of Bp, Skirlaw, where once 
stood a splendid porch ; the Clndtrrf 



on B. of nave were b^un 1368, and 
flnislied middle of following centnry; 
the windows and all the ornaments are 
Ferp., the ceiling is said to l>e of Irish 
c^ ; in centre stands the ! stone lava* 
tory of the monks ; E. are the cbaptei- 
honse and prior's residence (now the 
deanery) ; N. the refectory (Bow the 
Library and kitchen) ; W, the dormi- 
tory (now the New library) ; beneath 
dormitory is the Treasury, finming 
part of a large crypt, which fonns 
commnnication with the college, and 
a great part of which remains m its 
original state; here are a skeleton of 
a whale tbrnid when the keep of the 
castle was restored, some curious 
sculptnres, and the huge coffin of 
Oospatricna Gomes, Earl of Dunbar, 
wbo became a monk ; at N.W. corner 
of cloisters is the entrance by a broad 
staircase to the Sea LOrrary, which 
contains a nnmber of Boman altars 
cliiefiy brought from I«ncbeatar, also 
Bason carved stones, principally &om 
Hexham ; at end of room is a full 
length portrait of Dean Waddington ; 
at S.E. a door leads to the OU Li- 
brary, where is a carious portrait of 
" Queene Marie," and the ordinal 
bills for ma.lring the graves of Cuth- 
bert and Bade : on application to the 
librarian, may be seen the CoHechim 
of M8S. once belonging to the monas- 
tery, unrivalled in England for isri^, 
anuqnity, and the beauty of their illu- 
minations. On entering Oolite Oreon 
from the cloisters, the first building oa 
the L is the Prior's EUdien (now the 
Dean's Kitchen), dating 1S68-70. The 
Deanen/ retains an E.-E. crypt under 
what was the prior's domestto chapel, 
and in one of the bedrooms is a boia- 
tiful paneUed oak ceiling ; the Dean't 
Garden was the old cemetery of the 
monastery. The original Mibej/ Gate- 
wy, built 1494^1619, itiU gives acoesa 
to the niuare &om the Bailey ; on one 
of the bosses of its groined roof may 
be seen the arms of its founder Castell; 
in the Bailey is the ancient Ch. of 8L 
Mary4e-BotB, so-called from the arch 
of its tower, which once spanned the 
street; inthe B.Baileyis the CR.o/a. 
itaru (12th cent), lately abuoet re- 
bnili in Nonn. s^le; in chancel is 



some good Elizabethan ink carnni 
imd a sonlptiiie of our Savioni witi 

the four Evangelists, of dre. 1200, 
bionght from church of Bt GUe^s; ' 
ch.-yd. is a rideed coffin-lid of an i: 
known prior of Dorham, of 13th cetit- 
An abrupt descent beyond this c' 
leads to the Prebend's Bridge 0772). _ _ 
one of the most beeatifol viodings of 
the Weai, whence the cathedral is seen 
towering grandlj on rt above the rich 

The JtfiMeum (Palace Green) coslainB 
a good colleotiou of British birds, and 
coat of the celebrated Polish dwarf, 
Count BomwhiskL A hill on the S.W. 
is crowned b; the Obgervatory of the 
Univereity of Durham (1841) ; Ibe hill 
afibrde a mt^niflceat view, whence tlie 
peculiar promonto^, occupied by the 
city, cathedral, and castle, ia seen a,\- 
jaa&t endrcled by the Wear. The Ck. 
rising conapiononslj on the E. is that of 
St. OgtBiUd-in-Elva, a fine Perp. build- 
ing, on site of an ancient £aioa ch. ; it 
has fine wooden roof and staU-work. 
Connecting the cily with the aubnrb 
of Old Mvet, Is Elvel Bridge, of ten 
arches (IIGO); the view &om a stable 
yard at the aW. comer of the bridge, 
of its vanerable arches Bopporting a 
mass of qnsint bnildings, ia highly 
pictnieaqne. In gilvei^rtieet mav be 
noticed one house erected by Sir .John 
Duck (d. 1691); a panel in an npper 
room represente him when a butcher 
boy, with a raven flying towards him 
with a piece of money, which eventu- 
ally made bia ibrtuno. In the long 
straggling suburb of Gilesgate, nm- 
oing along a lidze of hill on VJE,. of 
the town, is the Ch. (restored and en- 
larged) of St. Gilet (1112) ; the nave 
is of the original Norm. ; within the 
altar rails is a painted effigy of John 
Heath, of Kepjer, 1590. N.oftheoh,, 
near the old railway station. Is the 
mined chapel of St. Mary Slagd^ilene 
(1439), picturesquely situated in a gar- 
den; the remains of the GoOiic E. 
window and a few walls are alone 
left. 

Durham is an admirable centre for 
many interesting antiquarian Excnr- 
SMDM. — (1) To Kepyer Bo«piial and 
Wood ; a picturesque gateway with 



SAM. 155 

wide pointed areh rising from the bank 
of the Wear, is all that remains of the 
Hotpibd (femo. Bichard L), 1 m. ; the 
path beyond leads 1 m. to the lovely 

Kepyer Woode, vrhere the We«r flows 
through a deep wooded rocky ravine 
abounding in flowers. The eicursitm 
may be continued, though by a circn- 
itons route, to yinduAe Awy, about 
2 m. farther on (see below). (3) To 
Shetbum, 2} m., aud FittingUm ; i ta. 
from the village is the once magni^ 
fioant 8lmba.m Hotpital (1161) br 
lepeia, now only an almshouse mi 
in&iuaty: the chapel, restcaed 1864, 
aud a Norm, tower still remain. 2 m. 
N.E. of Sherbum is PiUington with its 
interesting Oh. ; the tower is Norm, with 
octagonal staircase ftom N. wall ; the 
N. mda of nave, nleo Norm., has iome 
strikiug twisted pillars ; the reet of the 
ch. is E.E. (aboDt 1260), except a pkin 
Norm, door under the porch. (3) To 
Moaied Orange at Battiriia, Whttteorih 
Hall, and Bramxpeth ; from end of 
suburb of Old Elvet, a pleesant path 
leada through fields, above the old 
raceconrse, and along the foot of a 
wooded hill; this is Maiden Caelle, 
the mined fottlflcations on top of 
whioh are said to be both Boman and 
Saxon ; close by is a green conical 
mound called Mountjoy, where the 
bearers of St Onthbot first halted ; 
rt, in the fleldi, is the moated and for- 
tified Manor Boute of HougkaU, said 
to have been the temporary r^ridence of 
Oliver Cromwell ; passing bridge and 
villi^e of Shiyidife, a path tnroogh 
woods on 1. bank of river leada to the 
peculiarly pictmtsqne Butlet^ (an- 
ciently Beautrove), 4 m. ; the ancient 
gateway of the manor-honse remains, 
with moat (dried np) and a long green 
avenae. If the &rmer at Butterby will 
lead his cart to paas shallbwa of the 
river, a much shorter route may be 
taken in returning, by crossing the 
opposite hilt; or the excursion may 
be contdnned to the anevent Cattle of 
lAe NeviUei at Biancepeth, about H 
m. S.W. ; some pietmeaque ancient 
walls and turrets remain on the W. and 
8. sides; &om the W. alone the castle 
has a stately and feudal appeatance; 






r the cellars, which r 



tain Uieii ancient gioining. ore eloae 
wortli vimting ; the room called the 
" Barotu' HaU" is nndeal, and bas 
B collection of weapong, some of wliicb 
Bie «aid tn have Dgnred at battle of 
Neville's Cross ; attbeeod is stained 
glsw window by Collier, lepresenting 
Qiat battle ; two fine modern olumnej'- 
pieces have bosta of Milton, Sha^e- 
spcare.Locke, andUocon; the Biawii'e 
beads carred on the furnitare comme- 
morate the origin of Uie uame of 
Bmacepeth (Brairn's patb). Ctoae in 
the castle is tbe renmrtable Ch. of St, 
Brandon, vhich renmins in its original 
state, except for ti^ura.1 decay. Tlie 
great curiosity of the ch. is the exttser- 
dinary mass of illuminated geometrical 
panels nailed against the wall; the 
qOBiat poroh on N. of the nave iras 
built by Bp. Cosiu (c. 1660). Brandon 
Hiil, 875 ft. high, jias an oblong 
tumnlus. 2J m. S.W. of Btancepeth 
U WhttaorOt Park (B. D. Shafto, Esq.), 
conlaioiDg portiait of " Bonnie Bobbie 
Shaflo." In the ch.-yd. is an effigy <A 
a knight in armour, with closed riaor, 
and of a female wiUi the armg raised. 
The return &om Btancepeth to Dur- 
ham may be made by rail (J hr.). (4) 
To NemU^t Ooss, .Bear Park, and 
Utkau) Coliege ; a, deep fem-fnnged 
lane leads up hills ou W. of the town, 
to a cross road, where, overlooking a 
■wide eipanse of smoky rounby, stand 
mutilated remains of NevilU't Croat, 
BCene of the BatOe of Ote B^d SiUt, 
Ootober 17th, 1346. In the yaUey S.W. 
of the batUe field, is Aldin Orange, 
where an andent narrow stone bridge 
over the Browney is said to be the 
spot where King Sarid hid himself 
after the battle : a pleasant walk alone 
ridge of the hill leads from Neville^ 
Gross to tiio beautifully situated Beau- 
repaire, corruptly called Bear Park, a 
inoss-gcowD gabled fragment, with fine 
muUioned window, the sole remains of 
the country palace of the Priors of 
Durham (1244-5H) : the return to Dur- 
hsm may be made by the Moak's Road, 
which will afford a magnificent view 
of the cathedral and town above the 
arches of the railway viaduct ; oi 
excursion may be continued Co Uekate 
College, well worthy a visit, which is 



situated on a bleak and barren hill, 
beyond AHi-n Grange, 4 xa. W. ixota 
Durham; it was tbunded ISOg, as a 
Roman CaUlolio seminary, to supply 
the place of one at Dooay, destroyed 
during the French Bevoluliou. Visi- 
'--j can sea the college ou appUcatitu 
the President; they are received 
a room containing the Virgin snr- 
tonnded by angels, Benozzo Oozioli ; 
and other interesting pictures. The 
Befectory is a very fine ball, with 
oaken roof, and has portraits of Dr. 
Lingard, Cardinal Wiseman, and others. 
The Frofettora' Dining Room has seve- 
ral good pictures, including Susanna 
before the Judges, EembraTidt, and 
others by Tenieri and Bvbeni ; over 
entrance of the college cbapel is a 
lai^e picture, by Bub^u, of angels la- 
menting over the Dead Saviour. SI, 
CuiUwrf'a Chapd, IMS, is a beautiful 
and costly work by tbe elder Pugin. 
Fmm here tbe excursion may be eon- 
tiuued 3 m. further W. to Eab, on a lof^ 
ridge, with extensive views over the 
valleys of the Browney and Demess, 
(5) 3i m. N,W. of Durham, on lui 
eminence above the Browney. is Wilton 
Gilbert ; in a fannhouse near the CA. 
is a painted window, the only remnant 
of the hospital founded by Gilbert do 
la Ley ; the Ch. of SI. Michael, rebuilt 
1859, retains its old font and pulpit, 
and possesses a cnrions alms-dish. 5 m. 
rt, above the wood on tbe hill, are 
the picturesque ruins of LatigUy Hall, 
built by Lord Scrape, temp. Hen. VIH. ; 
tbey retain bold triple corbels with 
projecting shields, which are unique; 
there is a wide view hen(« over the 
valley of the Browney, with Dortuun 
Cathedral in the distance. 6 m. be- 
yond Witton Gilbert is Lartche$ler ; 
(he Ch. of AU Saints, greatly disfigured 
by whitewash, was originally Norm., 
but now bodily of E.-K. style (about 
1250), with additions of later date ; 
the chancel arch is Norm. , as also the 
cdumns of the porch, and the arch 6[ 
a zigzagged doorway, now forming- 
canopy of effigy of Austell, Dean of 
Lancheater (d. 1461). On a hill top 
W. of the village aie situated re- 
mains of the very remarkable BOman 
Station (date unknown) ; it formed a 



DVBSLET— EASTBOURNE. 



157 



pualleloKTBm 1S3 yds. N. to &, 
143 yda.B. to W., Borronnded by 



Itune 



vaJ- 

, to 12 ft. high, and perpendi- 
Golar OB the ontside, being built of 
aehlar-woik in regular oouisei, vilh 
Btonea 12 ti. long, and 9 in. deep ; od 
W. of vallum is a deep fosse, on otbei 
mdee a aloping hill ; here were (bund 
a Ta«t number of Boman altatB, with 
inBcriptioua, under BeveruB, &c., the 
best of which may now be soen in 
Ghaptei Libniry at Durham, also coins 
of the Constantines and their succes- 
Bon; the red ashes of the hatha, &a., 
point to Ita having been destroyed by 
Sie. The return to Dnrham may be 
made by nul (i hr.). (6) To Finehale 
Priory, 3} m., which may be reached 
(a) by rajl from Leamnde (10 min.); 
ca (b) by a cirouitous bat beautiiul 
walk ttuough Kepjer Wood {tee 
ante) ; oi (c) by great N. road, whence 
a lane rt. leada to the Friory. Founded 
in 1196, the Priory waa rebuilt in ISth 
cent. ; it la intareeting aa being the sole 
notable specimen of Deo. work in the 
oonnty Durham. (7) To Cheater-le- 
Street, Lumley Ca$tU, aad LambUm 
Cattle.- Take rail (J hr,) lo CheiUr- 
le-Sfreef, with its interesting oh. —3^ m. 
£. of wliich ia LmtJey CaitU, and 2 m. 
N.E. Lambton Gatde (see Chetter-U~ 
Street). (8) To So«ghton-le-8priag. 
Take rail (20 min.) to Fencefiousea 
Stat, whence it is 1^ m. to Hoagkbm- 
U-Spritig, with its intereeting ch., &a. 
(aee Sunderiand). (9) To CaelU Edea 
^ rail (1} hr.), with the celebrated 
Ca»ae Eden Dctk, and the BlacMmU 
Bodce (see HarOepool). 

Diltaneei, — Darlington by rail, 37 
min. ; Barnard Caatle, 1 hr. 50 min. ; 
Bishop Auckland, 35 min. ; Wolaing- 
bam, 2Jhra.; Stanliope, 1} hr. ; Sun- 
derland, i hr. ; Hartlepool, 1 hr. 40 
miD.; Btocklon, 1 hr. 20 min.; Mid- 
dle«boiongb, Ihr. 10 min. ; Morpeth, 

ItairiileT (Gloucesish.) — Stat 
(branch line) Midi. Bly,— (Inn: Old 
Bell)— ia very prettily situated on a 
■lope of the oolitic eaoarpment over- 
looking the Severn estuary. ITie Ch. 
ia Dec, and has a flne embattled poroh 
Mid timber roof, osrred with the anus 
of Berkeley and Fitzalas. Berkeley 



Cattle is on other side of rdlmy. An 
exteosiTeTiew f^om Btinchoombe Hill, 
725 ft., 1 m. W. At Slaneombe Park 
(Hisaea Fumell) ia an interesting and 
valnable collection of Boman remains 
found in the cmmtj. 2i m. beyond, 
S., is WoottOQ-under-Edge. 

DoTOTTTLOHl, See Conway. 

Dysebth, see Moetyn. 

BuiLBUi, aee Nortdeh. 

Eabl's Baston. aee tiorOiUtnplon. 

Eabl's Colnb, see Haltlead. 

Eablswood, see RedhUl. 

ElSBT, see Riehmond (Yorka.). 

Eabington, tee Earliepool. 

East Beroholt, see manninglTee. 

EaHtbOurDe (Sussex)— 65 m. 
from London, L. B. & a C. Bly. 
(branch line from Polegate Junction). 
fniM : Burlington Hotel ; "Albion ; 
Anchor; Cavendiah; Southdown — all 
facing the aea: Sussex; Gommerciat. 
The original village of Eostbonme ia 
situated i m. N.W. from the modern 
waterlag-plaoe. It ia picturesque and 
well aheltered, and hes in a small 
hollow. The new town of Esatboume 
ia eipoi«d towatda the E. and 8,, Init 
sheltered on other sides. The Gmnd 
Parade facing the sea is a very agree- 
able locality in the summer months, 
and there is a pleasure Pier oppodto 
to the Burlington Hotel. 

The chief recommendatiooa of thia 
watering-place are ita quiet and mag- 
nificent stretch of bch. In the direc- 
tion of Beacby Head the walks are 
pleasant and invigorating. Beaehi/ 
Head, where the S. Downa terminate 
in an abrupt precipice on the asa- 
shore, is about 3 m. 8.W. of the town. 
Ita aummit.ia 564 ft. eiwre the lea- 

Tiie Belt Tout Lighthouse stands 
on a point considerably lower than 
Beacby Bead itself, bnt projectinK 
farther into the sea. Close nnder Bell 
Tout is a cavern called Pariton Darby's 
EoU. At Birlinq Gap, H ro. W. of 
Beachjr Head, and close lo BeU Toot, 

""" visitor may descend t" """ ' ■" 

. return I " 

the beai£ on the 'E. side of the heed- 

At the W. end of the Parade and 



158 



ECCLEB^EGHAM. 



town is DevorukiTB Park, tastefally 
laid out by his Giaoe the D. of 
Deronshiie. Attached ue skating 
riok, mnter gardens, &a. Close bj ilto 
the magnlBcent Swimming Baihi, & 
little failber W., and oppoeitG the With 
Toaer, e. Isi^ hotel bas been erected. 
Eastward a marsh; plain eitenda to- 
wtttdfl Pevensey. Pleasant sbort cross- 
field \TalkB. commaudiDg fine views, 
aie to "Paradise," beldud Compton- 
place, and to Mill G)ap. 

Between Eastbounie and Bcihill 
extends tho sweep of Perensey Bay, 
the coast of which is little else than 
a wide-spreading bed of shingle. 

Peveruey Ca&e (see Pevattey) is 
5 m. from Eastbourne. 

HurtltaonceufX OatUe may also be 
visited by taking the mil to Hailsham 
(wUch see). The distance by road is 
9 m. 

East Chcbob, see Sheernea. 

East Cowbb, see Wight, ISe of. 

EiSTHAMFBTBAD, Bee WiUcingaam. 

EASTNon, see Ledbury. 

EiflTOH Matjdit, see NortkampUm. 

Eatoh, see JfonstcA. 

Eaton Boat, see DvaiUMe. 

Batok Hall, see Cheats. 

Eaton EAsnNas, see Faringdoa. 

Ebbs Fleet, see Bamsgate. 

ESccle8(Lane.). 6tat.,L.&H.W. 
Jimction of 'Wigan line via Tyldesley. 
Inn; Dnke of York. The town is 

C'^tilj situated on N. bank of the 
ell. The nave of fine CA, has a 
eftTved limber toot. Monnmenta to Sir 
Rd. Brereton and his wife, by Woraley, 
and to the Danntseys of Agecroft 
(ITth cent.V Eccles is famons for its 
wake* and calcm. Old Sotues: (a) 
Moiiki Hall (i m. H.). timber and 

Slaster. 1596; <6) Trafford Park, 1 
. (Sit H. de Trafford), has a portion 
of the old building attached to the 
modem house. (See aleo Matuihetler.) 

EocLtarmLD, see Shield. 

Keclesliall (Staflk.) — 8 m. 
from Norton Bridge Stat., L. & K. "* 
EIJt Juno, with N. Staff. Une (I) 
Bf^OakH.)— has been since the Uth 
cent, the seat of the Bpe. of Uchfleld. 
The honse is modernieed, and only a 
bridge and one towet are lefL TheCA. 
Iiaa been restored hj Street. 



:EckiiirM>it (Derby.)— Stat., 

Midi. Rly, (17 min. iiom ChaiteTfiM) 
and TS, Bheff. &: Line. Bly. (25 min, 
from Sheffield). Inn: Angd:— has a 
pictnresqae old church. The hangii^ 
woods above are those of Beniahaai 
(Appleby & Co.). Ezoariion. — IJ m. 
tj.W. to MarJcland Oripa, a ehanniug 
little dell, passing 3 m. Barlborough 
HaU (W. De Bodes, Esq.), an Elizabe- 
than house, approached by a fine 
avenue of trees. Follow the course of 
the dell to Oesswell Crags, and then 
inquire the way to Whitwell, Uienoa 
to Worhiop. 
Eddystone Liqhthousb, see Ply^ 

Ebbh Hali,, see Penrith. 
Edensor (Derby .X prono. Ensor, 



lage, almost within the precincts of the 
park of Chatgaiortli (see). Each house 
IB a picture. The Ch. (rebuilt) contains 
monuments to the Cavendish Sunily, 
and brail to John Belon, a servant of 
Mary Q. of Boots. (See also Shegidd 
— EnviroDB.) 

Edevbn, see Fv^ihdd. 

Edobabton, see Birmingham. 

EoUNOQAlf Castlb, Bee AltiMkh. 

Edhisqtoh, see BertuMc. 

EswraBTOWB, see Newark and 01- 

Eel-P!h Island, see Thames and 



F.GOLBSCUFFE, BOO Stockton. "" 
Esriiam (Sojiey), Stat., L. & 8. 
W. Rly. (Beading line), 21 m. from 
London, 18 m. by road. Inns : King's 
Head ; Catherine Wheel ; Crown. 'Hie 
" Angler's Best " Inn, at BuU Weir 
Lock, is about j m. from station. The 
town is aitnat^ on the old Western 
road, 1 m. W. of Stainea, with which 
it is connected by a bridge over the 
Thames. Over the doorway of Den- 
ham's Almshouse, a plain brick build- 
ing on West Hill, is the inscription 
"Domum Dei el Deo, 1824." 

One or two of the old man^ons de- 
serre notice. The Tiamge, \ m. E. of 
the ohmch, of old called ttie Place, 
was the seat of the elder Denlmm, and 
built by him, 



EGBAM—ELTHAM. 



139 



Fatten or Great Fatten (Ooloael 
Halkett), li m. 8. of Egham. ia an 
Elizabethan monsioD, with the rojal 
txna and the date, 1578. aver the 
poiob. The drawing-room oeiliug bears 
the date 1602, and, like the oeiliugB 
of the dining and some other loomB, 
ia enriched with nonieious henldio 
and other devfoes. 

The oouutry round Egham is foil of 
interest. Leas than { m. &om it w Bim- 



-thelc 






dowB bordering the Thames — with 
Charla Idand iTuig in the river a 
short distance above. The ijland oan- 
taiiis about 1500 acres, and is fre- 
qtteDtl; called in books and maps 
Magna Qtarta Idand. Uaena Char^ 
" the ^^stone of English liberty," wai 
■igned bvEing John, June 19th. 1215. 
It has been questioned whether the 
P«at obarter was signed in the meadow 
of Bmmitnede, or on the island, bat 
tradition is in favour of the latter. A 
small room on the island, close to the 
landing-place, contains a oopy of the 
Oreat Charter. A little farther is 
Coimer'i EiU, which well deaerres a 
Tint The view from it is one of the 
loveliest in the neij^bonrhood of Lon- 
don. On the W. side of the hill, on 
Ml estate formerly called Ankenmfiu 
J'umith, stands the Indian Ciidl En- 
gineering O^ege, founded by Qovem- 
ment in 1871,forthe scientific training 
of young men aa Civil Engineers for 
Bcrvioe in India. 

Engl^dd Qnen, abont 1 m. ti 
W. of Egham, is b I^^ open tract of 
elevated oonntry, delightfoUy situated 
& of Cooper's HUl. A &ir is l"'-' 
here anniully on the 29th of Hay. 

Windsor Great Park, in its finest 
part, SitlMpegate, is onder 2 m. 
tant; and the Wheolsheof entrance to 
Virginia Water is but little more. aW. 

lioi^STOHE Abbey, see Barnard 
Cattle. 

SiaLTHOBAu, see Jihtcicfe. 

EoBEHONT, see Ketteidt. 

EoTON Bbidgb, see WltUbs. 

ElleHmere ^alop}— Stat Cam- 
brian Ely. {Jmu ; Bridgewater Arms ; 
Lion) — is most noteworthy for its mere 
or lake of 120 acres, on the bank of 
which the town is plaoed. The liaiiks 



of this and the other five meres in the 
neigbboorhood, of which the principal 
is Cdlment (2} m.), offer an attractive 
field for the botanist, being especially 
rich in ferns. At the S. end is Otelty 
Park (S. E. Hainwaring, Esq.). From 
the site of the old castle, a frontier 
fortress, Qiere is a beautiful view, ex- 
tffliding into nine conntiee. The Ck^ 
restored by SaM, is a fine crodlbrm 
building. In the Oteley chapel is 
a Monument (nlbtr-tomb) to oil F. 
Kynaston and wife, 1590. 

Biitaneet. — Shrewsbtuf, 16 m. by 
rood ; Overton, 4 m. 

Elhesthobfb, see HindHei/. 

Elssoh , see Otterbtim. 

ELansLD, see Oxford (Excnra.). 

Elstobd, see Tamworth. 

Elsins, see Berdtam. 

EliSTOW, see Bedford. 

Elswiok, see Neviea,tlie. 

Elthani (Kent) — S m. from 
London, on the road to Maidstone 
— is intereeting as containing the ban- 

Jneting hall of a Bojal Palace, and 
)r the asBodalions connected with it, • 
The Eltbam Stat of the S. E. Ely. ia 
at Moltinghain, j m. S. of the village. 
Inm : Greyhound ; Chequers, old- 
fasbioned, with gardens. 

Henry III. kept the Christmas of 
1270 at Eltliom, and this appears to 
be the first reference to a roval dwel- 
ling boie. It afterwards became a 
royal abode, and references to it are 
frequent. It was the &TODilte red- 
dence of Henry VU. 

The site of the Palace is abont } in. 
B. of the main street midway b^ween 
(be village and the railway station. 
Of the vast pile, only the Ban^teUng 
Hall remains, which, however, ia in 
sufficient preeervation to afibrd a good 
notion of Uie munificence of the entiro 
strootuie. It is now only used occa- 
sionally for drill by the Eltbam Volun- 
teers. The exterior is sadly decayed, 
bat observe, before entering, the tracery 
of the five double windows, between 
bnttreesos on each side, and those of 
the bays at the N. end. The interior 
will, by its magnificent roof, recall to 
Ute memory Weetminster Hall; the 
windows are now for the most part 
blocked op, and Ihe roof only held 



ELVA8T0S CASTLE— ELY. 



at the end of the liall, and the 
of the screen, shonld be examined. 

The ivj-«lad bridge by which, the 
hall is leeched a of coe'ral date, and 
hw notoworthy groined arches and 
bnttresaes. The moat which it croBsea 
IB for the greater part drained and 
planted, but a portion b; the bridge 
ia filled with water, and ia the haunt 
of some choice agaatic birds. The 
Court Houee (B. Bloiham, Esq.) b; 
the moat, the buttenr of the palace, 
retains its old bii^eboard gabtes and 
quaint attica. Before leiLving', notice 
the gate opposite the Palace Oardens, 
which was the entrance to the tilt- 
yard, and other fragments of wall hy 
the moat. 

Middie Park ia the <mly one re- 
maining of tlio three parks originally 
Btlached to the palace. It was also 
the home of the famous raoehorBe stud 
ofMr. Wm. BlenMron. 

Elton, see Stoekt/m. 

Elvwston Cfkatle (BerLT.}, 
1 m, S. of Borrowash Slat., Afid. Kly., 
which ia 4^ m. from Derby — is the 
seat of the Earl of Harrington. The 
Onrtiena are very fine, and noticeable 
for their conifern, artificial lakes, and 
rockeries. The 6ate» fotmetly be- 
longed to the Palace at Madrid. In 
the house aie pictures by Knfller, C. 
JonMn, Beifoolds, Ac. The Gh. has a 
carved oak screen and numuments of 
15th cent to Stanhopes and Harriug- 

Ely (Camb.), Stat Ot. E. Blv.. 
72} m. from London. Inns: **Lamb; 
Bell. The station is } m. distant 
ftom Oie CatbedraJ, the moat impor- 
tant object of interest in the place. 
The ascent to latter marks the highest 
giouiid in the Isle of Ely — the great 
"fortress of the fens," and the guar- 
dian, through many centuries, of the 
"most stately and varied" cathedral 
church in England. The history of 
the Isle of Ely is identified witli that 
of ila great Benedictine monastery 
founded bf 8t. Etiieldreda in 673, the 
oh. of which afterwards became the 
CathedraL Hydid not become the seat 
if a bishopric antil 1109, vrhen a new 



diocese was erected, taken out of the 

diocese of Lincoln. 

The foundations of the eiisUng 
CaAedral were laid by Simeon, the 
first Norm. Abbot, related to the Con- 
queror (1082-1094), and the building 
was continued by bis successor. Abbot 
Richard (1100-1107). No further re- 
cord exists of the progress of the work 
until Bishop GeOftrey Ridel (1171- 
I19S) is n^entioned as having "com- 
pleted the new work to its western 
end, together with the tower nearly 
to the summit" Bishop Eustace 
(II98-121S) built the OalOee, or Wet- 
tern PorcA. Bishop Hugh of North- 
wold (1229-1254) pnlled down the 
Norm. cbcKr, and rebuilt it in seven- 
teen years (1235-1252). In 1322 
Abbot Simeon's eentral tower fell ; 
the octagon by which it was replaced 
was begun in the some year am) 
finished in 1328, The lantern above 
it begun in 1328, was finished in 
1342. The Lady Chapd was begun 
in 1321 and completed in 1349. Chan- 
trie» at the eaelf m ends of the chtrir 
aisles were built by Bp. AJc«!k(1486- 
1500) and Bp. West (1515-1553). 
From these dates it will be seen that 
the Cathedral contains examples of 
the different periods of Gothic arclij- 
tecture, examples wliioh are nowhere 
exceeded in beauty or importance. 
The Galilee and eastern portion of the 
choir take rank among the very best 
works of the E.-E, period : whilst the 
Octagon, the Western Choir, and the 
Lady Chapel are pTobablr the finest 
examples of pure Deo. to ne found in 
England. 

The Teatoraivm of the Cathedral, 
which was in a sad and degraded con- 
dition, was set on foot by the late Dean 
Peacock {Sir G. G. Scott, architect). 

The length, ^m the exterior of the 
W. porch to the exterior eastern but- 
tresses, is 537 it, being, with the 
exception of Winchester, the longest 
Gothio ch, not only in England but in 
Europe. 

Entering the Cathedral by the beau- 
tiful Galiiee or western pin^, notice 
the main arch of entrance circumscrib- 
ing two smaller foliated ones which 
spring tVom a central group of sliafts. 



The aides of the ponh N. and 8. ste 
lined hj four dera of arcades. Within, 
the poroh, which is 40 ft. in leDgth, 
coDsiBta of tvo bays simply TBolted. 
The nch exterior monldingB, and the 
leafage on the capitals of the shafts, 
should be noticed. 

The Nam (late Norm.) oonsiBtB of 
twelve beys, jtemating in design. 

The Great or princ);»l i«in«im(i ara 
the only portions of the oh. which (cer- 
tainly) contain any lemaine of the 
imginal Norm, work of Abbot Simeon 
and hia saceessor. Both transepts, 
whioh are throe bays deep, hpye E. 
and W. aisles, and the lower storey in 
both is early Nonu. (1082-1107). 

The first impression of the Cenlral 
Oetagon, " perhaps the most beautiful 
and ori^nal design to be fonnd in the 
whole range of Gothic architecture," 
is almost bewildering, so great is the 
mass of details pressing fbr notice, so 
varied and unoaaal the maoy tines 
and levels of piers, windows, and roofs 
all glowing with colour, and inter- 
sected l^ the most giaceM and deli- 
cate tracery. 

The Octagon is formed by four 
larger and fooi smaller arches; the 
larger open to the nave, ohoir, and 
transepts ; the smaller to the aisles of 
all t^reo. At the pier angles ore 
groups of slender shafts, from which 
springs a ribbed vaultmg of wood. 
This snppo'rts the lantern, likewise 
octagonal in shape, but set in such a 
manner as to have ils angles opposit« 
the &ces of the stone oot^on below. 
The details of the foor smaller sides 
of the Octagon demand special notice. 
The archltectuTal views &om the Oc- 
tagon are snperb. That down the 
Nave should be especiallv noticed, for 
the grandeur produced by its great 
lengUi, eitendiuK beyond the lower 
into the W. porcE. 

The Ohoir is divided from the Oc- 
tagon by a veiT beontiM oak Sereen 
with gates of brass. This is entirely 
modem and designed by Sir 0. G, 
Scott. The FuZpti— also modem and 
designed by ficoM — is placed in the 
Cotton, on the N. ride of the Screen. 
The Choir consists of seven bays; the 
four easternmost (as well as the two 



T. 161 

bcTtmd, which form the retro-choir) 
are the work of Bp. Hugh de Ncaih- 
wold (1229-1251). The three western 
bays in which the stalls are placed 
were commenced in 1338, to replace 
those destroyed by the fall of the 
NMm. tower (1321). The divietDn 
between the two portions ia very 
sharply marked, not only by the 
diflraence of stylo, hnt by the ascent 
of two steps, and by brood shafts 
of stone which rise to the roof, and 
are, in fact, the original Norm, abafta. 

The eastern porUon of the Choir-^ 
the K.-E. work of Bp. Hagh de North- 
wold — should be first eiamined. The 
piers are of Purbeck marble, and the 
capitals of the shafts are enriched with 
leafage of late K-E. character. The 
(ri/oriKjn arches and the derettory 
wmdowa should be noticed, and the 
varjoua carvings in foliage care- 
fully examined. The visitor may 
now proceed to eiamiae the three 
wedem bays, which were cranpleted 
between the years 1315 and 1862. 
The airanKoment on either side is 
predsely that of Bp.- Hugh's work ; 
bnt the superior beauty will at onoe 
be recognised. The lower arches, and 
those of the triforinm, have square 
boesea of foliage attached to theic 
mouldings in a very striking manner. 
The tracery of the triforiom, and of 
the clerestory windows, is eigniaitely 
rich and graceftd. It ia probable that 
these three western bays form Uie best 
eiample of the pure Deo. period to be 
found in England. 

The Organ oocnpies a position dif- 
fering from that of any other in Eng- 
land, and projects &om the triforiuin 
of the third bay on the N. side. Ila 
hanging case is entirely modem and 
deserves especial notice. 

The SlaiU extend throuehont this 
portion of the choir. All uoee at the 
back fonned port of the original fit- 
tings, and have been carefully restared. 
They ore oonslrncted in two stage«, 
the lower of which is recessed; and 
tioia the iront rises a series of panels, 
with overhanging canopies. These 
panels are filled irith modem scniptnre 
in wood; the B. side with snt^ects 
ItDia the Old Testament, the N. side 



1S2 J 

from Qte New. All are excellent ii 

eipresaioD and design, md the detuils 
in oUiec portions of these upper italle, 
the exquisite leafage, the designs ~ 
the spandrels, and the figuraa at < 
fdls of the canopies, deserve the most 
c&iefnl notice. The sub-sCaJla Are 
new, and are not onwtathy of ue 
ancient work with whioli they 
BWOoiBted. 

Betnining to the eaatem portion of 
the choir, mo Altar and iU Bertdoi 
first chum attention. The altar 
raised on five low slflpa, the tilea and 
inlaid marble of which deserve n< 
The AUar-Soreen, or Bendoi, wai 
signed hj SeoU. Immediatel; ove 
altar are five compartments filled with 
ecnlpture, above which rises a mass of 
rich tobornacle work. All the details 
of this ver; impottaut work of modem 
Bit deserve the most careful observe 

The elaborate and interesting monu- 
VKTib in the choir ehonld also receiro 
carefdl nttentian. 

Behind the present altar-screen is 
the BelTO-Aoir. The eastern end is 
filled with two tiers of windows, the 
lower coasisting of three very long 
lancets, with groups of Pnibeok shafts 
at the angles, very rich mouldings, 
and elongated qnatrefoila in the span- 
drels ; the upper of five lancets, di' 
minishing ttovi the oentre, and set 
back,' as in tiie derestorr, within an 
arcade supported by smifts. The 
manner in which this arcade is made 
lo fill the eastern end, and the con- 
sequent ibrm of its Mohes, are espe- 
cially noticeable. 

At the end of the N. aisle is the 
chapel of Bp. Almck ):i48«-]5DD). 
The walls are betted with a superb 
maaa of tabernacle work. The roof is 
richly groined with a central depen- 
dent boss. The original stone altar 
remains at the E. end, but laieed on 
modem sapports. Beniark the onrious 
bosses under the brackets on either 
side, representing ammonites project- 
ing &om their shells and biting each 



Oppomte, at the end d the South 
ChotT aitU, ih the chapel of Bp. Wett 
(1515-1533). In thi* chapel the in- 



fluence of the BenMBsance is at once 
evident. Italian omamentatiot) is es- 
pecially noticeable in the brackets of 
the lower tier of niches, and in the 
lower port of that over the door. The 
ceiling, too, is a good example of the 
conversion of Gothic lim-tracerj to 
the later panelled loof. Notice the 
Miginal ironwork of the doors. The 
Lady Chapel is entered through a 
passage opening irom the N.E. cornet 
of the N. transept, and, since the Be- 
foramtion, has served as a parish ch. 
When perfect, it was one of the most 
beautiiul and elaborate examples of 
the D^. period to be found in Eng- 
land, and wUI still repay the most 
careful study. A staircase in the N. 
transept leaids to the upper parts of 
the cathedral. A fine interior view, 
looking westward, is obtained trota 
the passage at the base of the npuei 
tier of windows at the E. and ; and a 
vast panorama of the fens and low- 
lands of Cambridgeshire is gained ttoui 
the summit of the wertem tower. 
The 8.W. transept, now used as the 
baptistery, is an excellent specimen of 
the latest Norman ; and the upper 

Carta of it, of the transition penod 
etween Norman and E. E. The 
lower arches are round, with elaborate 
dog-tooth moulding ; those of the top 
storey are pointed. The arcading on 
the 8. wall of this transept both out- 
side and inside is very beautiful, and 
the arches communicating with Uie S. 
aisle and Bt. Ciatherine's Chapel are 
fine specimens of the late Norman. 
St. Catherine's Ch^iel, until lately in 
ruins, was restored under Dean Pea- 
cock in 1S14, and is quite a gem. 

Passing out of the cathedral by the 
western porch, we proceed to notice 
^^e txUiior. Beyond the ruined 
.W, transept, a view is obtained of 
:e great Western Toner, which, as 
gh as the stage level with the cle- 
restory of the nave, was the work of 
Bp. Bidden (1174-1189). The stages 
— '- "" 3 commencement of the oota- 
E. B., probably built 1^ Wil- 
liam Longchampa (1IS9-1198). The 
octagon itself was added dnnng the 
Dec. period. 
The OMf ml Oetagon, ftom whatever 



point it Is observed, gronpa well with 
the linea of the tracsept urn nave, and 
with tho transept turieta. The Teij 
beautifol ttaoery of tha windowe in 
the smaller sides «faoald be noticed 
from the exterior, as well BS tha aioade 
ftbove. The Eait End of ibe cathedral 
itself (Bp. Hngb'a woik) is a gcaad 
example of E. E. Buttresses with 
niches and canopies rue on either 
mde of the three iiets of windows, 
olnstered shafts dividing which, with 
their mouldings and detaBs, will amply 
repay notice. On the south side of 
Bp. Northwold'a presbytery, observe 
the two E.-E. windows. The other 
windows, K. and B, are insertions of a 
later date. 

Fassing to the S. side of the ohoir. 



lofty I 

in the upper part ot the 6. transept is 

The CUnOen stretched aliHig the 
side of tha nave, but have loi^ di 
appeared. Their extent is marked by 
an an^e along the lower part of the 
wall. Two Norm, doorways, much 
enriched, open into the nave 
side of the ch. That at the 
end of the nave aisle was the XotHia 
entrance, and bas a trefoiled heading. 
The foliage and mouldinjp are very 
rich and involved, and mdicate its 
liUe or Trans, character. The lower 



e eliJwrate tiian that of the 
Monk's. 

The remains of the Coavaduid 
buHdingi are extensive and 
ing. ^0 most ancient portions are a 
Norm, crypt nnder part of tha Prior's 
Xiodee, and some Norm. AaKmenls 
in ^e waU stretching N. of " Ely 
Porta" — the great gate of tho mona- 
stery. The whole mass of the buildings. 



the great size and importance of ancient 
Ely. A short distance E. of the S. 
bansept are the piers and arches of 



The Deanery seems to have been 



bcaa the utdent Ooeat 

Hall, still retaining its long ituf. 
The Priofa Lodge extended beyond it 
8., and was boilt round a small quad- 
rangle. Tha high windows of the 
Prior's great hall remain in a house 
adjoining Prior Croudene's Chapel, a 
smiall interesting building of 4 bays, 
founded by Prior John of Craudeoe. 
The chapel has been restored, and 'is 
now used as a obapel for tbeQiammar 
School. Some distance 8. is "Ely 
Porta" (late 14th cent.). The room 
above tha ambwajs is appropriated 
to the use of the Kin^t Oramanar 
School, founded by Henry Vni. On 
the 8. side of &e cathedral extends 
the so-called Park. The Bi^wpi 
Palaee, W. of the cathedral, dates for 
the most part from the time of Henry 
Til., of wbioh it is a good example. 
In it is prMerved tiie curious "Tabula 
Eliensis," representing 40 Norman 
knights each in company with a monk, 
and having bis shield of arms above 
him with name and office. The piiy 
ture is a copy (tonp. Henry Til.) of 
the original. 

Si. Mary'i Ch.. W. of the Palaoe, is 
E, E. and Deo., with Perp. windows 
inserted. It was built on the site of 
an earlier cb. t^ Bp. Eustace (119S- 
1215), the builds of the western Gali- 
lee porch of the Cathedral. 

Adjoining the ch.-yd. on the W. is 
an ale-house called the Croamdi ^roM, 
deserving notice as having been in all 
probability inhabited at one time by 
Oliver OromwolL 



bom Ely to Kew- 
markat (12 m.). 

About 2 m. from Ely on this road ii 
Slunlney, where is a small Ifoim. 
Chapel. The chancel arc^ doorways, 
and font deserve notice, nam Staut- 
ney Hill theM is a fine view of Ely 
Cathedral. 

5 m. from Ely is SiAam, where is a 
Ch. of great inierest (ded. to 8t An- 
drew). The eh. is large, cmcifbnn, 
with a W. tower, and oontains aome 
good dd wood-work. 



EMBLETON—ENFIELD. 



joham Pen. It contains some f 
brassea and will lepay a visil Near 
the cb. 19 \ii6 chapel of an aocient 
priory, now naed ftfl ft bftm. 

Fordham GL, 2 m. 8.E, of laleham, 
has a curioiu chapel of two gtoreye ab- 
tached to ii The N. doorway is E. E., 
and opens into the lower storey of the 
chapel, which conaiBbi of 6 bays. Otot 



was a doorway, now blocked, ioto the 
ch. ; and the upper chapel ix at present 
entered byan external stairoEuie ti^rret 
at the N.W. angle. Here the tourist 
may regain the Newniarket road, abont 
7 m. fiom Ely. 

At Wieken, 2 m. B.W. of Soham, is 
a small E.-E. and Perp. Ch., in which 
is boried Henry Cromwell, son of the 
Protector (d. 1373). 

!!Eaibleton (Northumberland), 
2 m, rt. of Christon Bank Btat., which 
is 38 nuD. by rail from Alnwick. Imti : 
Blink Bonny Hotel, at station; Hare 
and Hounds, in the village. The Ch. 
of tht Soly TTinity_ (restored) is a hand- 
some buildinfc with grey embattled 
tower; the FKoroge flbuw has a ma- 
chicolated tower ; the ch.-yd. is full of 
qnaint epilapbs. 2 m. S.£., at Dnn- 
Btan, is a farmhooBe called Durulan 
Steadi, and near this is a Peel tower 
celled " Procter-Steadfl ; " lower por- 
tion very early ; upper portion £d- 
wajdiao. Adjoining this tower is a 
Jacobean hoose. Hence a path leads 
to ruins of Dw/nitatAorovgh OatUe 
(perhaps a British, afterwards a Bo- 
mau, stionghold, but not mentioned 
till 1315), finely situated on basaltic 
oolumna above the sea; the scanty 
remaina consist of Lilbume's Tower 
on W,, riaing ttom the edge of the 
rock ; a gateway with portico and inner 
gate, flanked by 2 huge aemi-circulai 
toweiB, in S. front, whence a waU ex- 
tends to the cliff terminated by St. Mar- 
garet's Tower ; tiaoee of the chapel 
near the B. tower. E. of the oastle 
is the RvnibU Chum, a perpendicular 
gnllej in the rock, through which the 
sea is dashed ap in a sort of fonotain. 
2i m. B.W. is Bmik (Bev. B. W. Bo- 



lanqiiet), an ancient tower of Eliza- 
bethan date, incorporated witb a 
modern mansion, which is approached 
from the W. by an avenne If m. long ; 
here are some pictures by SapkiKl, £c. ; 
united to the house by a choilnut 
avenue ia the early Norm. Chnpel (St. 
Philip and St. James) ; the w. front 
Is original except the beliiy ; at the E. 
end is a modem apse ; a flue Norm. 
arch separates the nave from the 
chancel, in which ia a monnment of 
Coi L Salkeld. Abont 3 m. N.W. of 
Embletoa is the park of Falioden 
(Bir G. Grey, Bait), in which is a 
magnificent ilei, 70 ft. in diameter of 
its branohea and ] 1 ft ronnd stem. 
1^ m. N. are the wild and picturesque 
roins irf Tugkall Ch., conaiatinf; i^ 
Norm, arch and walls. About 2 m. 
W. of either Tugholl or Falioden is 
Freaton Tomer, a fine relic of border 
war&re, and ^ m. N. of this Bingham, 
with handsome rebuilt oh. In the 
rooks of BeaJnell, a httle E. of Tng- 
hall, may be traced 14 geological form- 
ations : on the links are tiaMe of an 
ancient chapel dedicated lo St. Ebbs. 
About 4 m. S. of Embleton ia Hotiiidi, 
which mat be reached by a coa«t walk, 
passing dra'iler Touwr (see Almeick). 

Emkbth, see Wi^ieach. 

Ebpinqham, see Oakham. 

Enfleld (Middlesex). Stata. O. E. 
Bly., 12j m. from Liverpool-street; 
also by Hertford branch to Foodera 
End, llf m., and Ordnance Factoty 
(for Enfleld Highway). U m, : G. N. 
Rly. 9] m. The distance from London 
by road is about 9 m. Intu: Enfield 
Arms ; George ; King's Head, la 
a large parish, 40 miles in ciicom- 
ference ; the population is upwards of 
ICi.OOO; the southern portion of it, ad- 
joining Edmonton, being ^owD aa 
Ponders End ; the cential as Evjidd 
HighiMy; the N. as Enfield Wath; 
the W. aa Enfield Toon and Chrue; 
whilst on Uie E. by the Hiver Loa, at 
Enfield Lock, about 1 m. from Etifidd 
Waih, ia the Boyal Small Arms Fac- 
tory. Enfleld town stands at the foot 
of the Ckaie, 1^ m. V. of the High- 
may. On the Chase ude is Charies 
Lamb's house. The Ch., Perp. atyle, 
stands on N. side of the Market-plaoo, 



UNFIELD—EPPim. 



tiDd bos beeo aeveral times " rastored." 
The towei and a, portion o! the ex- 
treme E. of the ch. is lltb cent. 
At the reetomtion in 1S60 a piecina 
and sedile, of the 11th oeni, were 
diacovend ; and at a later restoration 
(186S) a fine lancet window, just OTer 
the original sedile. and a lyulmoacope, 
both of same period (lltli cent.), 
were discloBed. There are Borae inter- 
eBting monnmente. The oldest and 
most interestinK is a canopied altar- 
tomb, between me N. aisle and chan- 
cel, to I^y Joyce Tiptoft (d. 14*6), 
mother of the learned Earl oCWorceeter. 
Stndents of costume should notice 
especially the remailiablj fine and 
well preserved brass on the aUb on top 
of the tomb. In the N. chsjicel aiale 
ia a fine monument to 6ir Nicholas 
Raynton (Lord Major, d. I64(i) and 
his wife (d. 1640). There is also a 
mural monument to John Abernetby, 
the surgeon (died here 1831). The 
BJte of the original castellated Manor 
House of the da Bohuna is uncertain. 
Camlet Moat, as it is called, is now 
within the bounds of Trent Park. 
The more probable site is in a meadow 
caUed Aldbury, near Nag's Head- 
lane, about i m. S.E. from the Ch. 
EnfieU Palace, rebuilt bj; Edward VI. 
for Princess Eiizabelh, is on the S. 
aide of High-street nearly opposite 
the cb. — a lanM portion only of the 
eriginal remains. The fiae cedar seen 
at the back of it was planted by Dr. 
Uvedale, who established an academy 
in the building, 1660, and is justly 
prized by the inhabitants. Forty Hall 
(J. Meyer, Esq.) is aituatad at Forty 
Sin, ij m. N-B, from the ok, on 1. of 
road to Oheabunt. It was built hy 
Jnigo Jones and contains some good 
pictures. Notice the fine cedari on 
the lawn and the splendid avenue of 
limes planted by Sit N. Baynton in 
reigo of Cbnrles I. In the grounds 
about Jftddfeton Boiue (H. Bowles, 
Esq.), a^oining on N. aide, is the site 
of the old While W^i Home, wMcb 
received Guy Fawkee and Catesl^ 
whUe engaged in bakbiog the Gun- 

Ewder Plot The mansion (H. Wil- 
laon, E«q.) in White W^ia Park 
contains some fine paintings by old 



Newrtead Abbey. The Boyal StaaU 
Amu Faetory is best reached from the 
Ordnance Factory Stat Cioaa the 
line and continue along Armouiy-lane, 
i m., to the Lea navu;ation, where 
turn to the rt, and at the end of the 
lane cross the bridge, and the gate is 
on the L It is open to viators (with- 
out previous application) Mondays luid 
Thnredaya fitna 9 to 12 A.M., and from 
2 to 4 F.H. The Proof House and the 
Long Banpe are not open to visitors. 
The machinery, which u aut«[Datic, is 
most perfect >">^ Ule various processes 
will be watched with the keenest 
interest. The first room entered ia 
that called the Atiion Shop, containing 
lome SUO machines. Here everything 
relating to the action, or breecliloading 
and lock apparatus, is finished. After 
that the ajjaping and pohshing of the 
walnut butts and atocka ; the turning, 
boring, and finishing of the barrels ; 
the smithery, &c., are shown. Boiling 
mills have bees recently erected, so that 
now the whole process of manufacture 
is conducted at lijnfield. Pretty walks 
lead to Oay RiU. N.W. of Forty 
Hili; B«IT» Cnm (Jnn: The Pied 
Bull), immediately beyond Clay Hill, 
and hence by a private road to Theo- 
baldt Park (see WaWiam Crox). The 
gatea of the Park are closed at 9 F.k. 
The next station b^ond the Ordnanoe 
Factory Stat, ia Waltham, 1 m,, ft* 
Waltham Croa and j4Kiey. 

A four-horae coach ran during the 
aummer months of 187S twice a week 
from the George Inn, Enfield Town, 
to Hitchin, irfd Potter's Bar, BeU 
Bar, Hatfield Park, and Welwyn, a 
pleasant drive of aI>out 3 hours, re- 
turning same day. 

Englifibld Gbeer, see Egham. 

EirtfBHDJiLB, see Eetvykk. 

Ekvillz Hall, see i>uiiiejf and 



Rly., and aWt Iti^ m. from Wbite- 
chapel by load. Inn : The Cock ; 
Bed Lion, The town consists of one 
long and wide street, running along 
the top of a ridge, in a healthy and 
pieasant situation. The Parish Ch. ia 



2 m, N.Wt at -topt'tuf Upland, a veiy 
plewaut valk hy the field -paths, 
f m. N.W. of this IB the haintet of 
^ipuM Oremi. Copped HaU (fine 
seat of G. Wythea, Esq.) ia abont 1 m. 
S.W. of the town. E^ping Foreet 
—Loughton, or Bucfcfiunif Sill (Stats. 
G. E. and S. Loud. Rlj.) are perhaps 
the best arrival atations bir the Forest 
— is ft portioTt of the great forest of 
Wcdthmn, which aboientlj extended 
to the Tei7 walls of London. lb area 
has been greatl; curtailed. Of the 
9000 acres of which the foreet con- 
sisted in 1793, abont 3000 acres only 
remain unenclosed, 2000 acres having 
been lost by enoroachments, and 4000 
Bcrea by tlie sale of Crown rights, 
since that date. In point of scenery 
Sigh Beech (see LtmgMrm) is by ^.r 
the most attractive portion of the 
forest, which is one of the best col- 
leoting gioauds near Iiondoa for the 
botanist and natnralist. 

epsom (Snrrey). 8tai, L. B. 
ft S, Coast Bly. (Croydon Branch 
8.E. of the town), and Btat., Loud. & 
a W. Bly. (Wimbledon Branch, near 
the centra of the town). Innt : King's 
Head; Albion; Spread Eagle; ■Hall- 
way. The Spread BagU is, at raciog 
tiine, the h^quarters of the racing 
fralemily. The Albion is more of a 
fomily hotel. The town, &maus for 
its horse racea and medicinal salts, is 
seated in a depreseion of the great 
chalk downs of Sonrey, immediately 8. 
of Ewell, 15 m. from London by road. 
It is a largo, rambling, and, except in 
the Derby weeli, rather a dnll place. 

The Icidependont Chapel in Chnrch- 
fltreet, known as the Old Chapel, is 
noted as one of the oldest Noncon- 
ftinniet chapels in the comity. Isaac 
'Watte, whilst a visitor to Sir J. Har- 
top, whose seat was close by, used 
often to prsacb here. 

In the last half of the 17th and 
early part of the 18tli cents., Epsom 
was a jdace of greet fbsbionable, and 
even royal, resc^ on acoonnt of "' 
medioinal waters. It grew from 
little country village to a gay a 
brilliant town. Be^re tiia end of the 
oentnry, however, a decline took piaoe. 
The well still remains on Epsoi 



common, a short } m. &om the town, 
on the rt of the road to Ashstead. 
The water is strongly impregnated 
with sulphate of magnesia, tne Eptom 
talti of the draggist, and with very 
snuill poitiona of the ohlorides of cal- 
" — and magncaimn. As is known, it 
w mannfactnred on a large scale , 
and at a very low price, but none ia 
made at Epsom. 

Eptom Common, witbont the attrao* 
tion of the wells, is worth visitiDg. 
It is a broad open heath, of about 
100 acres, covered thickly with fnrze, 
somewhat moist^ perhaps, in wet 
seaaons, bnt a very pleMaut, breezy 
place, with roads in aU directions. 

.^wmi Bacee are the present gitarf 
of Epaom. There is a Spring Meeting 
in April, but it lasts only 2 days, and 
is attended merely by betting mep, 
and the rabble who are always present 
at a race. The May Meeting tasta 
4 days, from Taeaday to Friday, 
beibre Wtiitsuntide (nnless Easter oc- 
curs in March, when it takes place 
after the Whitson week), Wednesday 
being tlie " Derby." Friday the " Oaks 

Derby Das '^ ^* prime festival 
of England, and it is computed that 
since the exteoaion of the railway 
to the foot of the raoe-hill, not less 
than 200,000 persons have assoubled 
on the Downs on Derby Day. The 
i>er^,eetabliBhed in 17S0 (and named 
from the Earl of Derby's seat at 
Woodmansteme, a village 2} m. E. 
flora Banstcad Bly. Stat.^ is a It m, 
race, for 3-year old colto and fifiies. 
The Oaki, estabhshed a year earlier 
[see Bantiead), is run over a li m. 
couise, but is for 3-year old fillies only. 
The Grand Stand, the best and 
most substantial in the kingdom, 
affords magnificent views, marked on 
one aide by Windsor Castle, on tha 
other by St. Paul's Cathedral, but 
stretching beyond both. The Downs, 
at other than racing times, afford 
delightfHil walks. Especially so are 
those from the race-oomse across 
Walton Heath to Walton-on-the-Hill, 
to Hedley, Betoliworth, or Beigate; or 
in the other direction, by Laugley 
Bottom to LeatherhMd or Miekia- 



ham ; or, again, the shorter stroUs to 
Banetead and SattoD. 

EweO, abont I m. N.E. of Bpsoin, 
is a nUage BtamUng at the head of 
the HogB-Mlll, 01 EffeU river. The 
Ewell station of the Epaom line 
(L. B. 4 a Coast Ely.) w i m. 8. 
of the Tillaee; that on ue L. ft 
8. W. Blj., about the nine distance 
K. Inn : The Spring, an excellent 

Near the ch. is Eaea Ourffe (A. 
W. Gradeeden, Esq.). The adjoining 
gronnds are thoae of Eieell Orove 
(OharleB Freeman, Bsq.). NoiuofA 
Park (Capt W, B. G. Parmer), fei^ 
tber W., ig a castellated stractore, 
built I802-G, from the designs of Bir 
Jefier? WTattville. It stands in a 
pelk of moderate size, thronrii which 
there i« a public way from EireU to 
Cheam. The ancient palace, a resi- 
dence of Henry VIII., stood at some 
distance fTOm the present honse. 

Efwobth, see Oaintborwigh. 

EsBiarocK, see Ogattlru, 

Eritb (Kent). Slat., 8. E. Ely. 
(N. Kent line), 15! m. from London ; 
14 m. by road. Imu : Pier Hotel; 
Prince of Wales; Yacht. 

This is a small town, the next on 
the right bonk of the Thames below 
Woolwich. The present pier was built 
in 18St, when it was sought to make 
Erith a steamboat station, and the 
pleasant public gardens b^ the ^ier 
were laid out in '&b hnpe of attracting 
summer visitors. This has not proved 
a success. 

The Ch. (St. John &» Bt^'st) is 
by the lailway st«ti(m, ftt the edge of 
the marsh, t m. W. of the town. It 
is small and old, bnt worth visitins. 
The interior has been very thoroughly 
restored. 

Immediate^ S. of the town is the 
great Sand Pit, or Ballatt Pit, from 
which sand is largely dug for ship 
ballast, and iron caatingB— a place of 
mnch interest to the geologist 

About i m. farther S. is another 
great eicavation, the Erith Bride Pit, 
or Whilst Pit, which ahould bo 
visited, as it is even more interesting 
to the geologist than the Ballast Pit. 

The Erith Marsha stretch W. from 



TJT. W 

Erith to Phmutewl. Hey form rich 
grazing land, and on them have been 
built mineral cal, glue, manure, and 
other uneavonry foetorles. At GroW' 
ness, the nrist of land N.W. of Erith 
eh., are large gunpowder magazines. 
Here also is the Sou&em Oa^aO 
^ tA« Metropolitan Main Drainage. 
There is a graat rceervoir, GJ acres in 
area, into which the sewage of the 
whole of S. London is brought. The 
machinery employed in lifting the 
sewage into the Thames, is of snr- 
prising magnitude and beauty of 
finish. A pleasant excurnon is by 
water to Enth, see the Ch. there, and 
then walk to Woolwich, 5 m.. vbiting 
on the way LesBess Abbey (infiii). 

Aibey Wood— Stat, N. Kent Bly. 
(Inn : The Harrow) — lies midway be- 
tween Plnmstead and Erith, bnt in 
the Utter parish. It occupies part of 
the site of Lemen Abbe; Wood. 

Of Leinett Abbey (fonnded 1178), a 
faw fragments of the outer walls re- 
main on the hill side, immediately 
8.E, of the station. There are many 
pleasant slrolis from Abbey Wood. 
^(Mtoli Heath (go np the lane by the 
Harrow) is a charming bit of atlll open 
heath, with wide views across the 
Thames valley. £^trther S. (2 m. 
from Abb^ Wood Stat.) is East Wick- 
ham. S.G. is a pleasant way &om 
Bostall Heath to Bexley Heatli, 3 m. 
from station (omnibus several times 
daUy), or Ciayford (Stat on Dartfcs^ 
loop line, 2} m. 8. of Erith). 

Bdeedere (Stat., N. Kent Bly.^ is a 
village on the Thames, immediately 
below Erith. It owe« its tume to the 
mannon on the l«ow of the hill, I m. 
W. of Erith, aeoted 1761, by Bir 
Sampson Qideon, afterwards Lord 
Earoley. The house, a good example 
of the classic Italian of a century 
back, has always been &mons for ite 
wide and striking prospect A still 
wider view is obtained liom the lofty 
proapeot tower {Beleedere) in the 
grounds nearer Erith ch. The man- 
don has been converted into the 
Boyal Alfred IrutUaiion for Aged 
Merdtant Beamen. 

EBiiiHOi«H,»oe DartmooT and Kingt- 
bridge. 



E8EER—ETWALL. 



Erwood. Bee Wjie. 

Ebcriok, gee York. 

E8H,Bee Darham. 

Eslier (Surrey), 16 m, from 
LoudoD by rood, and by the L. & 
B. W. Bly. The Etation ib at Ditton 
Malgli, j m. from the village. On 
laaving tha etation turn to the rb, and 
the wm>ded heights of OlaremoDt will 
eerre as e. guide to the little village 
that lies below them. Inn: Tlie 
Bear, a good old-fashioned house. 
The rude erection of flint and stone 
at the N. entraaoe of the village, with 
the Felham aims, and Uie initials 
H. P. over the centre aroh, affords a 
comfortable seat within an arohed 
recess, and besido it is a welL It 
BtandB by Eaher Place, is evidently a 
Tniveller'sliest, and, in all probability, 
was the gift of Mr. Pelluua to the 
village, but it has somehow aoqnired 



birth, 1817- For some years Chuemont 
vras a favourite retreat of Her Majesty 
and late Prince Coosort. After the 
French Revolution of 1848, it waa 
assigned as a residenOB for Lonis 
Philippe. In the ground^ about \ sa. 
N.W. from the house, is the Maatolema 
if Hit Frineeti CbarloUe. 

Bejoai Ciaremont, on the Ports- 
moath road, is FairmUe, a very plea- 
— ^ spot, now beginning to be dotted 
with villas. Just off the road, on 
sheet at water sur- 



the 



ofWolBB^sWell. 

The grounds of Eifter Place (Money 
Wigtoin, Esq.) extend from the vil- 
lage to the Mole. The or^;iiial house, 
boilt by Bp. Wayuflete about the 
middle of the 15tb cent, as a legt- 
dence for the Bps- of Winchester, 
stood OD the low morehy meadow okee 
by the Mole. In 1729, when the estate 
was puiehased by Henry Pelham, 
brother of the Duke of Newcastle, 
little waa left of Waynfleto's mansion 
bnt the gatehouse, known as WoUey'i 
Toaer, which is aHm standiog. The 
park is not open to strangers, but a 
good view of the tower, with Eahei 
Flaoa, and the woods beyond, is ob- 
tained across the bridge of Waylaud'e 
Fatm. 

Ctaremont, on tJie opposite aide of 
Esher, is rich in associauons. In the 
reign tf Queen Anne, Vanbn^h put- 
ohased a piece of land here, and built 
himself a brick house of moderate di- 
mensions. In 1769, Claremont was 
sold to Lord Clive, who pulled down 
the old mansion, and commissi 
Capabihty Brown to erect a nen 
mora magnificent one on the hilL 
After passing through several hands, 
the estate was purchased by the Crown 
in 1816. Prince Leopold (King of the 
Belgians) and Princess Charlotte re- 
sided here, and she died here of child 



the 1,. 

rounded with flre, which, always pio- 



1 lai^ a 
1th ItB, 



and by moonlight, prese: 
striking effects. E. and H. of this la 
the broad, breezy, heather-clad Eiher 
Common. At Weet End, W. of Clare- 
mont, is another common, of about 
ISO acres, a level, maishy tract, stretch- 
ing down to the Mole, 

Sandown Park is situated on the 1. 
of the L. ft 8. W. Kly, a short dis- 
tance past' the Esher station. It is 
a piece of sloping gronod, of about 
120 acres, enclosed and laid out as a 
race-course. Space is also provided 
for poUi, croquet, and other open-air 
pastimes. There are two courses, one 
Ibr flat races, and the other for steeple- 
chases. Beyond the Grand Stand, 
the ground rises into a beautifully 
wooded knoll, on which are pleasant 
shaded walks. 

EssBHTiuil, see Slam/ord. 

EsTHwAiTE Wateb, Bee Haakshiod. 

Etal, see Woohr. 

Eton, see Windsor. 

S«mrla (BtaiE)— Btat.,N. Staff. 
Bly., 1{ ni. from ^udey-~ia a popu- 
lous villaoe, dHHinding on the pottery 
trade and Earl Granville's ironworks 
at ffteUon, the MoUing XilU of which 
are close to the station. Xe»m, Wedg- 
uvoffa pottery works were the vy- 
oality ofWedgwood's great discoveries, 
and particularly that of his " Queen's 
Ware." Excunionf. — li m. W. to 
WoUtanlon Ck., a fine building (re- 
stored), with ]UoniimenU to the Sueyd 
family. There is a beauti&l view 
from the ch.-yd. over the Pottery 
district. 

Etwall (Derby.), 2 m. from 
Egginton Stat. (N. Statb. Bly.), and 



EYESEAM— EXETER. 



3 n>. N. of lirilllngton Stat (8. Stafli. 
tHyX has an interestiog old hospital; 
fonncted 16th cent, by Sir J. Porte, 
whose monnmeDt, witb brasaea. ia in 
tho Cfc. EtaoU Sail (N. C. Curaon, 
Esq.) has a eeriea of old portrmtg. 

EveMfaam (Woroeet.) — Stat., 
Gt W. Kl;. There is alao a station at 
BettgeoKtih, a snbnib of Evesbun, on 
the 61. Malvem and Birm. Branoh of 
Uke Hidl. Bly. ( Jnru: Norihwick Ainu ; 
Orowu). This town is situated on the 
L bank of the Atdd, which here Tonus 
a peninsula. It owes its existence to 
a monkish establishnient, tho moat 
coDSfdaaonB wmaining object of which 
ii the stalely tower of its abbey, foun- 
ded in the 8th cent When in proB- 
peiT^, this monastio establishment 
was one of the largest in the king- 
dom. The only portion which eecap^ 
U the elegant beS'toaer (Perp.)> the 
principal object here. It forms ea eo- 
tranco-gateway ta the ch.-yd., which is 
Bmronnded by the abbey walls, erected 
in the 12th cent One other fragment 
deaervM notice : a solitary arch, of 
rich Dec. work, is still upheld by the 
cloister-wall ; it was the entrance to 
the chapter-honae. Within the ch.- 
yd. etaod 2 churche$, both founded 
M the mooka aa parochial chapels. 
iSt Laarmoe, chiefl; 16th ceot, baa 
been restored, l^igether with ite ele- 
gant Perp. 8. ohantry, with rich fan- 
traoety roof and panelled walls, AU 
8aint» has a richlynlecoTated mortuary 
chapel of Abbot Clement Liobflela, 
with handsome fitu-vanltiug. 

On Tiaeyard HxB, where the rine, 
it ia said, was ^lUiv^ed from the Oon- 



The site of the Baia« of EveAam, 
fought between Prince Edward (after- 
wards Edw. I.) and Simon de Hont- 
fort, was on the top of the eminence 
N. of the town, caUed Oreenhill. A 
monnmeDtal obelisk and & Gothic 
tower have been erected on the field 
of battle, in the grottads of the Abbey 
Manor-house (B. 0. Budge, £iq.^ 
where theie is a colleotion c^ local 
antiqnitiea. 



BrtifoTtoa HaU, 3} m, (I. S. Dixon, 

9q.}, has in the garden a watnnt-tree 

eaauring 300 ft. in circumferoice. 

Badtey Ch., 2| m., has a Norm. 
doorway, a long transeptal chapel on 
the N, aide, with a rich gabled croee, 
and a maastTe W, tower. 

i m. NJ:.. on SotM LOOeUm Farm, 
is a large conventual bam, 150 fL long, 
with lofty E.-E. archwaya for the doors. 
The cll. at Perthon (see), distant ^ ta. 
by rail, is interestbg. 

Eweuh see Epiom. 

EwHcasT, see Lorking. 

EwLOB, see Hawarden. 

ExBBiDOE, see Dviverbm. 

Exeter (Devon.), 191 m. tma 
London, 41 hrs. by express train, 
either on the Gt. W. or X. ft 8. W. 
Bljs. The prindpal station of tlie 
Qt. W. is at St. Davi^i (a suburb of 
the cit^), from whence the communi- 
cation IS continued to tiie S. of Deron, 
PljftnmUk, and Cornwall, with branches 
to Torgwiy and VartmoaOt, Mor^oH 
Hampdead and AthburUm, There is 
also a station on the S. D. Bly. at 
St. ThoTnat, another suburb on t^e 
farther aide of the Exe, which is serred 
only by the slow trains, but is con- 
venient for readento in the lower port 
of tho town. (The central station of 
the L. t a W. Bly. is in Queen-street, 
but the line is ct^ried on down an in- 
cline and through a tunnel, to the 
St. David's station of the otber rail- 
ways, whence it runs to Crediton, 
Ofcehampbm, TmMock and PlymotOh, 
Banulavle and B/raeonAe. There is 
also a branoh from the Queen-stroet 
Btat to £!ranout&, and AuUier up the 



, by which access is 
giren to tho south coasts of Devon 
and Dorset Prom its position at the 
meeting-point of all theee railways, 
Exeter becomes the moat favontable 
centre for the tourist wishing to ex- 
plore the many beautiea of Devonshire. 
fib<ela .- "Clarence (in the Cathedral- 
yard, and very quiet) ; "New London ; 
Half-moon; Queen'a; Globe; Bnde. 
Pop. (including St. Thomaifi, on tho 
otber aide of the Exe), 41,000. 

Thia oily, the capital of the county, 
is dtoated on the 1. bank of the river 



of the egtoBry jaet where 
ceasee to be navigable 

It haa mriained nnmeroaa sieges, 
and alvays proved a most difflonlt 

glace to take. Daring tbe siege b? 
tepheu, tbe Wars of the Roses, the 
rebellJOQ of FerMn Werbeck (who was 
led ci^tiYe through the streets of the 
oitj), the Great Rebellion, and the 
Second Revolution, Eioter was the 
Boene of nianj stirring and remarkable 
events. The most notable siege was 
that t^ the rebels at the rising in coU' 
sequence of the change of the servioes 
and the sappression of images in Edw. 

In the city itself the ohirf ohieots 
of interast are— (1) The Cuthedral: 
(2) tbe mins of the Oaatle ; (3) the 
walks on Northemhay : (4) Mount 
Binbtua; (5) tbo OuUdhall; (6) tbe 
Albert Memorial ; and (7) a few of the 
parish ohurchei. To tbe antiquary, 
the remains of the oitj-wall— well pre- 
served — eitending from the higher 
end of Sonthembaj to tbe river, will 
be interestmg. From sane of these 
points, as well as Irom the high 
ground above tbe city, may be ob- 
tained strikingly beautifnl views of 
tbe estuary of the Exe and the sui- 
lonnding oountry, very ebaraoteristic 
of tbe peculiar lovelineaa of Devon- 
shire scenery. 

(I) The CaOiedTal, the seat of the 
bishopric of Devonshire and Oom- 
waD (now, 1878, of Devonshire only), 
which was origin^; established at 
Grediton, and which was removed to 
Exeter tor greater secnrity by Edward 
the Confessor, in 1050, was com- 
mmced by Bp. Warelwast, nephew of 
tbe Conqueror (1107-1136), and com- 
pleted by Bp. MarshaU (11»1-1206). 
Of this Norm, buildiitg tbe only parts 
remaining are the Irtuiseplfll lowetB, 
whioh should be particularly noticed. 
The rest of the original cathednJ, 
after it was injured by fire in 1138. 
during the siege of tbe oastle by 
Stephen, was probably rebuilt and 
allied, bit by bit, accordii^ to plans 
famished by Bp. Peter Qoivil (1280- 
1291), which were followed with but 



little variation by his .. __ 

1871, the modem restoisticin of the 
cathedral was commenced, onder tbe 
superintendence of Sir Q. G. Scott, 
whose designs include a sculptured 
reredos, at tbe E. end of the presby- 
tery, of great richness, in which the 
marbles, sparSiBnd serpentine of Devon 
and Cjomwall are used. The best 
exterior view of tbo cathedral is from 
the N., where it is open to tbe eathe- 
dral-yard. A Sue view of the S. side 
may be obtained &om the garden of 
the bishop's palace. Afterthe Norm, 
towers in the transepts, the W. front 
(136»-13M), a bcttutifol arcMtectural 
composition, claims especial notice. Id 
the gable-niohe is a figure of St. Feter, 
to whom the ch. is dedicated. The 
screen is pierced by 3 doorways, en- 
riched with mouldings of carved foli- 
age^ surrounded by a series of nichr~ 
in which are the statues of ange 
kings, knights, saints, and apostli 
Entering the cathedral from tbe N. 
door in tbe W. front, we stand in the 
nave, 140 ft. long, the walls and roof 
of which are of stone irom fiilnerton 
and Beer, the clustered pitlars of Pni- 
beck marble. Owing to the absence 
of a central tower, the loof is unbroken 
from end to end, and is exceeded in 
grace and lightness by no other in 
England. ParttcnUrly to be noticed 
are the carved bosses of the roof; the 
corbels between the arohes, with their 
exquisite carved foliage ; and the wilb- 
dows of the nave, pt hi hi ting in tfaeir 
tracery greater variety than can be 
found in any other bmlding in tbe 
kingdtm. Tbe«e lost are arran^d 
in paiiB on opposite sides of the eauie- 
dr^ BO that no two, aide by side, 
resemMe each other. The great W. 
window is best noticed ttom within ; 
its curvilinear tiaoeiy, witii that of 
the last windows on either side, differs 
from the otiers. TJnfcrtunately, the 
glass in it (dating item 176C)is worth- 
less, and materially i^jurea the beauty 
of the window. In the centre bay, on 
the N. side of tbe nave, is the mt'n- 
ttreb' gt^erg, the finest example of Its 
kind in England. 

Opening &om the first bay on the 
N. «dec? ti 



<, is the cAapd o/ 



St. Edmund, which now MrTea sb the 
ComaiBtoiT Ooort Tha/o»f inB.dde 

of nave is a oopy of thst at Beverley 
Minster; the mBcriptioB round ft 
should be read. On me S. sida of the 
Dare was the tomb of Hagh Conrtenaj, 
Earl of Devon (d. 1377), and of hia 
ooantesB Margaret, which stood in a 
vsrj rich chajittir chapel ; this waa 
taken down in 1630, and the tomb 
itself lemoved lo the 8. tranBept. Ite 
site IB marked by a brass of Sir Fetor 
Courtenay (d, 1406), which, though 
mutilated, is atill fine and interesting. 
AnoD^ c41ier slahe on the fioor of the 
nave, is that of John Looaemore (d. 
1682), the buildec of the organ, xe- 

Ealad to have been the flrat organ- 
uilder of bia tune. 



the original Korm. towers should be 
noticed, ^th the eioeptton of the 
Ch. of Ottery St. Mwry (which geems 
to have been built in direct imitation 
of this cathedral), Exeter is the only 
ohnrch in England which has tran- 
septal towers. In the N. transept la 
St. Pauff Chapd, and odjirining it 
the ohantiy of W. Silke. aub-chanler 
(d. 1 508), bearii^ his efflgy, an ems' 
ciated figure in a shroud, and above it 
the inscription, "Sunt quod eris, fneram 
qnod es ; pro me, precor, ora." The 
ojoeft in this transept, which probably 
dates from 1317, should be noticed. 



At t: 



earth was supposed to he the cent 
the universe, as will be seen ot 
ferring to the lower diso, where the 
earth forms the nucleus of the inner 
circle ; the eon, stamped with a flenr- 
de-lia. traverses the outer circle and 
points to the hour of the day ; while 
the moon, nuide black on one side and 
turned by clockwork to represent its 
phases, moves in the intermediate 
space. Little of the original clock- 
work, however, now remains, tbe last 
restcration and gilding taking place 
in 1859. Fr<Hu this transept the N. 
tower may be ascended, in which is 
tbe great " Peter " bell, after " Mighty 
Tom " at Oxford the largest bell in 
England. The t(^ of tbe tower affords 
a munificent view of the nit; and the 



-ES. 171 

river as bi'ax Eunonth. In the B, 
transmit are tbe Courtenay mimn- 
ment, alreadjr mentioned; a mural 
moDutoeot to Sir Peter Caiew (d. 
1575) ; and an arched one over ttie 
remains of Leofric, first Bp. of Exeter. 
A door at the 8.W. oomer of this tran- 
sit leads to iim dtapel of tlu Holy 
Ghrnt, which contains a tent first used 
at the baptism of (be Princess Hen- 
rietta, daughter of Cbas. I., who was 
bom at Exeter in 16*4 ; and beyond i« 
the Chapter-honK, in which are pre- 
served tbe Ch^ler library, a collec- 
tion of 8000 volumes; an alabaster 
model of the tomb of Bp. Carey in Hie 
Ch. of Sta. Oroce, at Florence, where 
he died in 1419 ; and a sapphire ring, 
chalice, and pateD, found in tbe tomb 
of Bp. Bytton. before the high altar. 

The ehoir is separated tmta the 
nave by a screen, on which stands the 
organ, built in 1665, and reputed one 
of the finest in England, thou^ the 
oldest still in actoal use. In the choir 
should be noticed : the roof bosses and 
corbels (the latter even more beantiM 
in desiga sad varied in foliage than 



together without a single r , 
towering almost to the roof; the 
beautiful pulnit ; the highly-enriched 
reredos ; and the B. window, filled 
with stained glass, most of which is 
ancient. Remark also in the choir 
the monunients to Bp. Marshall (d. 
1206) and Bp. Stapledon, who was 
killed in 1325, during an insurrection 
in London on behalf of Queen Isabella. 
Further to be noticed are St. An- 
drae'i Ckapet, opening from the N. 
choir aisle, and SI. Jama'» Chapel, in 
the correeponding position on the S. 
aide of the catbedial. In a chamber 
above tie former are preserved tiie 
archives ot the aee, the Exon Domes- 
day, the Fabric Bolls, and the ori- 
ginal charter, granted to Leofric by 
Edwurd the Confessor, and signed by 
the great Earl Godwin and his sons, 
Eatold (afterwards king) and Tostig, 
conifirming the remove of the see from 



172 SSE 

Ctediton to Exeter (1030); in tlie 
tatter ia a beeatifnl monument, enid 
to IwTe been erected as a memorial 
(j LeoMc. At tlie end of the choir 
aisleB, in correspondiQg positiona, ate 
the chantries or Bt. George, founded 
by Sir John Speke, about 1S18, and 
of Bp, Oldham (1514-1519X joint 
fonoder with Foi, Bp. of Winchester, 
of Corpus Chriati College. Oxford. 

The Ladg Chapel, in vhich earlj 
morning terrice is performed, has 
been verf comjiletely restored nnder 
the directJoQ of ScoUi it cootaina 
the moDuments of Bp. Bortholo- 
meus boanuB (1159-1184). Bp. Si- 
moD of Apulia (1206-1224), and of 
Bit John and Ladj Doddridge (d. 
In the centre of the pavement 
" " . Qnivil (d. 



thoL . 

ment of the works which transformed 
the original Norm, cliurch to what wa 
now Bee. Under the arches opening 
to the Lady Chapel are the moDu- 
menCa of Sp. Bronegoombe (1258- 
1280) and Bp. Stafford (1394-1419). 
Opening out of the Lady Chapel, are, 
N. the chapel of Bt. Mary Magdalene, 
containing the monumenta of Sir 
Gflvaine Carew and his nephew Sir 
Peter Carew ; and on the S., the 
chapel of St. Gabriel, in which will 
be noticed a monument to Uajor- 
General Simcoe (died 1806), by Flax- 
man, and Chantrey'B Btatue of North- 
cote, the painter, a BeTonahire man. 

Within the aooient Close anrround- 
ing the cathedral are the Bishop's 
Palace and Deanery. In one of the 
honses on the N. aide of the Close 
there is a maKnifioent bey window of 
Henr; Tll.'s time, and ft flne wooden 

(2) The CoHle, called also Boaot- 
morU OattU, from the colour of the 
Boil and rock on which it stands, was 
bnilt before tba Conquest It is now 
a ruin. The mound on which the 
building was erected probably marka 
the site of a British stronghold, and 
is sitoaled, like those at Flyntjpton and 
Totftet, at the head of a navigable 
estuary. Of the Norm, caitio, the 
nly considerable part which 



ifl part of a gateway tower, on the Mde 
towards the town, at the head of 
Gastle-«tioet. One side of the area of 
the Castle Yard is occupied by Qie 
Assize Hall and Sessions House, bnilt 
in 1774. In the crown court hangs a 

Eicture of the " Acquittal of Susanna," 
y W. Brockedon, a native of Devon- 
shire, and in the area in front is a 
statue of the late Earl of Forteecue 
(d. 1861), by Stephens, Close to the 
castle gate are the grounds of Eouge- 
mont Lodge [Mrs. B. Gard), to which 
the atiangei is admitted on presenting 
his card. They contain the moat per- 
fect part of the castle mound, which 
has been laid out as a terrace walk, 
and are overhung by the ivied walls 
adjoining the ancient entrance. 

(3) The prdmenade on NorUiem- 
Aajr has been formed on the ground 
made by filling up the fosee under 
the castle wall, and levelling the slo- 
ping bank. It is a favourite lounge 
of the inhabitants, and embraces ex- 
tensive views of the city, river, Ac, 
N. and W. 

(4) Mount JHnham is approached 
from North-atreet. The grounds are 
nicely laid out, and are open to the 
public : they lie along the crest of a 
steep bank rising immediately above 
the Eie, and should be visited for the 
fine view which they aiford. 

(5) The QuildJuOl, with its £liz^ 
bethan facade, bnilt in 1593, is situ- 
ated in the High-street ; it is open at 
all times, strangera have only to walk 
in. The hall has been restored and 
renovated : its roof, with euriom 
brackets, should be noticed, as also 
the armorial bearings of the mayors, 
guilds, and benefactors of Exeter, 
which ate on the wall. It contuns 
several portraits, among which are 
those of Chief Juatice Pratt, after- 
wards Lord Chancellor, and Earl 
Oamden (d. 1794), by Thomas Hud- 
son, master of Sir J. Reynolds ; Oene- 
ral Honk, l^ Sir Peter Lely ,- and the 
Princess Henrietta (also by Sir P. 
Lely), daughter of Charles I., by 
->-- -^^ ---^- - .^d to 



EXETER— EXMOnrS. 



173 



to the city bj Edw. IV., in 147U, the 
other (together with the cap of maia- 
tenance), by Hen. VII., in 1497. 
Both are the genuine aworda of tht 
kioga to whom they are attributed ; 
they are only to be seen by special 
penniBdoD. 

(C) The AUkH Jftweum, In Qi 
street, near the Foal Ogioe and railway 
BtatioD, is a very Btnkin^ building, 
erecfed at a cost of 17,0001. (besides 
the land presented by B. 8. Gmd, 
Esq., late H.P. for Exeler), as a 
memorial of the late Prinoe ConaorL 
It contains a Free Library, a Museum 
of Natural Hiatoir, Eoooomio Geo- 
logy, and Devonafiira Antiquities, a 
School of Art and Science ClasBea. 
The library consists of a reading-room, 
and lending library of 10,000 TOlnmeH, 
and DODtaiuB the original cast of 
Behnes' alatue of Sit William Follett 
(d. IMS), M.P. for Eieter, and Dative 
of Toptham, and a piotore of "the 
death of Virginia," by Opie. On the 
staircase is a statue of the Prince Con- 
sort in hia robes, aa Chancellor of the 
University of Cambridge, by Stephens. 
In the School of Art is a piotnre by 
John Cross, of Tiverton, rtpresentiog 
the burii^ of the princes in the Tower. 
The dty contains twenty-one Parith 
ChuTiAei, several of them very inte- 
resting to the nntiqnary. The ancient 
crypt {Trans.-Norm.) in 81. SUphen's 
(A,, High-street, ia worth notice. The 
EaU of the Coliege of Pnett-VieaTt. 
entered &om SoutL-atreet, ia interest- 
ing. It ia used for meetings of the 
Exeter Diocesan Architectural Society, 
and coQtaiDS models of fonts, tubbloga 
of brasses, drawings relatiOK to eccle- 
•iokigy, and a painting by W. Oandy. 
Sooie remarkable iM liauiei (Eliza- 
bethan) shonld be noticed in the Hlgh- 

Exawtioat. — One of the finest views 
is from Knoul HSX, above the village 
of He. Eetnrning by Long Down, 
the whole distance will be 6 or 7 m. 
[PfudsrAotn CatHe (Earl of Devon) ia 
no longer accessible to the pnblic] It 
ia also apleaaant walk along the hanka 
of the Ship Canal to TppsAom (also 



station, 5| m. by rail. Jnnt: Qkbe; 
BalatatiiBi), atkd beyond (about 1 m.) 
as far as iv,rf (whitebait here in th« 
season). A moat enjoyable excursion 
may be made by water to Turf (2 hra.). 
Hire a boat at the aiy Wliarf. Short 
exonisions may also be made to the 
ridge of Eaidon and Wid&e Domt, 
3 m. on old Okehampton-road ; to 
Exmdt Hia, N.W. ; PauMghania, • 
row of Itonaea on the TiTwtoD road, 
loolcing down the vale of the Eze ; 
the grounds of Fordlanda, 2^ m. W. ; 
PinAoe (Stat.) Ch^ H m. E., and 1} m. 
beyond Petlimore Houm ; Heavittee, 
1 m. on Honiton road. The'excnraJMia 
by railway are many, and highly de- 
lightful. To SidmoiUfi, ) hr. ; £» 
moutA, i hr. ; Sudleigh BMarlim, train 
to Exfim/ttth, thence by omniboa, 5 m. ; 
Daaiiih, 12^ m. ; Te^ntoatt, 15 m. ; 
Tolnet, 29 m., for a trip down the 
Dart 1} hr., and for visit to roins of 
Berry Pomenty CastU, 2 m. E. ; to the 



. &om Sidmi 



Other e 



made from this city, will be fono . 
described under Dartmoor, Morebm 
Bampitead, and Bmtji Traety, Tlis 
loorist desiring to reach Darteraor, or 
its borders from Crediton (7 m,, Exeter 
& Barnstaple RIy.), is adiiud either 
towalk to JUbrelon, 12 m.,or to proceed 
by railway to Ok^tampUm. 

EsuooB, see i^ynton. 

Kxmoutll (Devon.), SUL, L. ft 
S. W. Ely., 10) m. from Exeter. Inns.- 
"Imperial, &cing the sea and S min. 
walk from ths railway station : Boyal 
Beacon ; London. A very favourite 
waterinfE-plaoe, charmingly situated 
on K Bide of the estnary of the Exe, 
The ridge of Holdon ranges as a back- 
ground at an ahnost uniRinn elevation 
of 800 St. The effects here of anniise 
and sunset ore magni&ceat, and have 
been often and wdl depicted t? the 
late Franda Danby, B.A. The Bea- 
con WiJki, cnt on the alope of the 
hill, and taatefully planted (or pablic 
use by the late Lord Bolle, a&ird a 
very pleusant promenade. The £!ipla- 
le (1600 fLX bounded by a strcng 
wall, ia also a very favourite walk 
and drive. 



EFAM—FAKENRAM. ! 



The 

visitor Tan croia the ferry to Stareroae, 
Dawlith, HaldiHi, Teignmoulh. On the 
Exmouth aide be can wooiier to Orcom/i 
Point; to LiUleham, thence to Wmt 
Doom Beacon and Badleigh ScUterUm 
to pretty village of Witkeconibe, 1 m. 
and beyond, 2i m,, to the fragment of 
a Ch.. known as 31. John in Oie Wit- 
(femen ; tbence to Woo(Umnj Common 
and its osmp. Toptham may be Jilea- 
sanlly reached by boat. An omnibus 
mna fonr timea <^i1y to and from Bud' 
leigh Sollvrbm, 5 m. The Ben fiahing, 
boating, and battling here and at Bnd- 
leJRb ^Iterton are excellent. 

2 m. N. of Exmouth is the charm- 
ing Tillage of Lympefoae, close to 
which iBNatwell Couit, the seat of 
tii« Drake family. Between Eimooth 
and LympBttine, rt. of main roe ' 
Point tn Viea, oondsting of a 
dence for minister, and a few ; 
below it of a amaU ciroolar 
denoe, iiibabited by fonr maiden ladiee. 
TJudar roof of latter is the miniature 
chapel, which Is weU worth a 
Permieaion readily given by the 
dents. The view from tne ■m 
very flae. Observe eBpeoially bow 
little space is occupied by the organ, 
reading-deek, and pulpit, vrbioh are 
fHa junda {» uno. This is the bigbly 
ingeaions contriraDoeand 
of the present minifiter. 

ExTON, see OaftAom. 



Eyam — called Eem (Derby): 
tn. from Hassop Stat, Midi. Bly.— is 

Bononndod bj pictureaqne limestone 
scenery, and is memorable for the 
devastation caosed by the plagne in 
1665, when 260 out of the 350 inhabi- 
tants died. Alittletotbe W.UOtcIilef 
Delpli, a ravine where Mr. Mompesson, 
the vioar, held the service noen the 
church was obliged to be closed from 
fear [of infection. In the ch.-yard is 
the tomb of Mrs. Hompeaaon. who fell 
a victim, and also a I»autifnlly-Bculp- 
tnred orcaa of great antiquity, i m. S. 
is the fine rock scenery of HiddUlon 
Dale and the Lonenf iMtp, (See also 
Siefield — Enviions.) 

Bye (Safibtt:). A short branch 
line runs to Eye from the Mellis Stat., 
Gt. £. Bly. The points of interest 



are: (a) The CattU, of which only 
&(igments of ila Norm, stonework re- 
main, (b) The Church (restored 1869) 
is a very fine building. The tower, 
101 ft high, is an admiiable speci- 
men of stone and flint work. The 
fine S. porch is of the same dato and 
character as the tower. The tower 






e the n 



arePerp. 

ErtOBD, see Skm-on-Vie-WM. 

Falrford (Gloucester.)— Stat. 
Witney Branch Q.W. Bly. (Jrm.-Bull, 

where tickets, 2>. Gd. a day, may be 
had for trout-flahing in the Colne)— is ft 
small but ancient town, celebrated for 
its Perp. Church and its magnificent 
stained oZom. which is believed by 
some entbusiasta to be true apecimena 
by Albert DOter. But the beet ar- 
chnologiata connder it to be English 
work of the date of the I6th cent. 
There are 28 windows, and Vandyck 
said of them, " that many of the 
flgnies were so eiqaisitely done, that 
they could not be executed by the 
best pencil." The W. window repre- 
sents the Last Judgment, and the E. 
window the Cmcifliion. The "iW- 
ford ^ves" and numerous and In- 
tereetmg specimens of the Anglo- 
Saxon period were discovered in 1850 
in a field near the town. Fair/ord 
Park (J. B. Barker, Esq.) has a fine 
avenue. Excursion, 2 m. N.W. to 
Qaenington Ch. (Norm.), which has 
two sptendidly-scidptared doors, 
Faibuqht, see BaiUngt. 
Faibmilb, see B>h^. 
Fahenbum (Norfolk).— Stat. 
Ot. Eaatn. Bly. Intu: Crown: Bed 
Lien. A town on the Wensum. chiefly 
known for its Corn-market The Ch. 
of BS. Peter and Paul is a large cdi- 
Sce, with a lofty embattled tower 
(Perp.). Within is a rich and elegant 
screen in carved wood. The Perp. 
Gmt is adorned with emblems repre- 
aenting the Four Evangelists, Uie 
Trinity, and the Passion. 
SI m. S.W. ia Bainham HaR (Har- 
lia of Townahend), erected by Jtigo 
met, 1630. Here is the celebrated 
Belisarius of Sahalor Bma, presented 



FALMOUTH. 



175 



to the MDond ViBComit t? Fredario the 
Gieat ; it is peiliaps the finest work of 
that nuBter m EDgland. It has been 
rained at 10.0001. llieie is alao a 
laige and higUjr-inteTeatiDR oollectioD 
of Aill-leagth pottmita of EQgliab boI- 

3 m. N. of Fakenham is EaU Bar- 
Aam Hall. It is one of the ri 
exauwles of oroftmenlal brickiroik in 
the Todot style now eitant. Upon 
the N. aide of the great court is an 
elceont entranos porch ; the tovren 
and turreta are in a fine state of pre- 
servation ; it was erected in the latter 
part of the reign of Henry Til., and 
was the seat of the Cnlthoipea. 

In Toflreet Ch., 2 m. S, W., ifl a very 
remarkable Nmn. font. In ScuiOiorpe 
Ch., 2 m. N.W., is alao a fine Norm. 

About 4 m. W. of Fakenham ia 
Eoaghton (Marquis of Oholmondele;), 
bnflt by Sir Bobert Walpole (1722- 
17^. In the hall is a fine bronze 
cast of the Laocoon hy Girardon, and 
■ante sculptare by Ryghrach. In the 
libiaty a whole length portrait of 
Oeo^ I. by Kneller. The house 
also contains fine oarrin^ by Oibbona ; 
%>estry, ^. 

10 m. N. of Fakenham is Eolkhaut 
(see WelU). 

Fallouen, see EmUelon. 

Valmoutll (Cornwall), llj m. 
In rail from Truro. Jntu : Falmoatb 
Hotel, cloee to station, and Pendemiis 
Oaatle ; **Green Bank Hotel, at oppo- 
site end of town and overlooking the 
Wboor; BoyaL The town oonaiatti 
mainly of one long, narrow street of 
mean appearance, but it derives its 
chief interest from the beauty of its 
position on the shore of one of the 
finest barboorB in the kingdom. At 
the entranoe to the bajbonr on S. side 
are Pendennis Point and OatOe. The 
latter afforded shelter to the qiieen. 
Henrietta Maria, in 1611, and to Prince 
Cbarleo in 1646, who sailed henoe to 
Solly. It is strongly fortified, and 
from the ramparts may be obtained 
views of extreme beoaty. A circular 
tower, erected in reign of Henry TUL, 
and now the residence of the Lient- 
Govemor, is the most ancient part of 



this fortress. The RogtH CormBall 
Yaekt Club baa its bead qiartera in 
the town, and the Boyal CbrRuxilJ 
FolyUehnie Soetdy meets annoally at 
the Society's Hall. Days may be 
spent by the lonrist in exploring the 
several deep and wooded inlets of this 
beautiful haven, which extends as &r 
as the entrance of the Tmio river, 
4 m., and wbioh is known as the 
Carrkk Soad*. Nearest the town, 
and ronnding thepoint not tai ttwa 
the Green Bonk Hotel, an arm of the 
sea rons to i'mrj^n ; half-way up this 
arm there ia a remarkably distinct 
echo. A feny-boat ctosaes fann the 
shore immediately betow the Gieen 
Bank Hotel to the prettily-situated 
vUIage of FltuJiing, close to which are 
the pictQr«eqne woods and gronnds irf 
TreJtttU. After ronnding TrefuEis 
Point, the next Inlet, piooeeding N. 
np the haiboDT, is Mytor, extsMing 
to the wood of .^^i (J. B. Enjs, Esq.), 
and at its month affording a &voimte 
anohcoage for vessels of small tonnage. 
The Chnroh at Mjlor (recenUy re- 
stored) deserves notice, and the neigh- 
bonrbood of tbe villa^ ia known to 
botanists as affording all the varieties 
of English heaths. To this inlet sno- 
ceeda BeitT ono uet &««ft,nmnlng, Sm., 
to Pemm Wliarf and the woods of 
GarelMe (Colonel Tremayne). On its 
shore ia me port and town of Devoran, 
and near it the Ch. of 8L Feock (4 m. 
tmra Falmouth or Trnto), interesting 
for its ancient cross. 

put Creek is the next in order, the 
entrance of the Truro river being a 
little beyond it. Betuming to Fal- 
month on the opposite or E. side of the 
harbonr, the tourist will skirt an un- 
broken shore nntil within 1{ m. of 
81. Maaet CattU, where the hilla are 
penetrated by 81. Jult Creek. The se- 
clnded bay here is well worth visiting. 
The nest creek constitutes the harbonr 
of St. Maine*, and extends N. almost to 
the shores of Oerran's Bay. The 
Caatle (erected sbont the aame time aa 
Pendennis) stands on h. side ef the 

^jenoe, which is bounded en 8. aide 

at. jlnfAony's Mead and lighthouse. 

le Ch. of 8t. AsUhimfi, to which 
there is a onrioos private entrance 



176 



FABiyGDOS. 



from the hittAen of Place Houte (the 
seat of the Spry ^milj), the heet E.-E. 
example in the county, should be 
visited. The Bladi Bock lies midway 
between the two potote at the eotranee 
of Falmouth h^rboiu. From Penri/n 
(inn; King's Arms) — about ten mi- 
natea bj r&u, or a, pleaaant walk about 
2|m. from Falmouth (the Green Bask 
Hotel is nearly equidistant &om Fal- 
mouth and Penryn State.) — the tourist 
should viait the granite quarriaa at 
Xdbe and CoailanUne, the most im- 
portant of these beine eitaated, about 
2 a., on each side of the old road lesd- 
lug to HelsloD. 

Falmratz, see Scarborough. 

Falstome, aee Bdlimihaia. 

Farlntrdon (Berka.). Stat., 
G. W. Bly. {.branch hue of SJ m, from 
Uffington Juno.). Inn .- Crown. This 
town was a residence of the Saiou 
Unga. It stands on the aide of a 
hill in a sheltered sitoation, and oom- 
mondi fine vieiTB of the Berkshire 
Downs on the one hand, and the 
valley of the Thames on the other. 

The large orociform CAunA (restored) 
ta DOW mainly E. E., but with a low 
Norm, tower. The chancel is very 
fine K E. Observe also a door of the 
same date, with beautiful ironwork. 

Faringd/m Hmua (Daniel Bennett, 
Eaq.) near the ch., and approached 
throneh a noblu atenne of elms, was 
built by Pye the poet hiureate, on the 
site of the ancient mansion which 
was garrisoned for Oborles I. 

FaTtngdan Clamp, a grove of Scotch 
fits, on an eminence of iron-sand just 
outoide the town, is the chief iMid- 
mark in theVole of White Horse, aod 



Vffivglon is a pleasant village (S. of 
Ufflnglon June.) under the White 
Horse HiU. 

Tlie noble Gi. (tonnded 1105) is 
moatly of E. E. cliaracler, and has a 
very fine central odagouEd lautem 
tower. SevNiil of the details of this 
beautiftU di. are figured in Bickman 
and in Parker's 'Gloss, of Arohitec- 



S. of the villus rises tbe While 
HoTte BUI, so named fiom the rade 
figure of a galloping steed cat in 
lie turf near its summit, which has 

SLven its name to the vale upon 
ich it has looked down tbe«e thou- 
sand years or more." It is cat on tlte 
N.W. fcoe of the hill, and being 374 fl. 
length, and stretching over an acre 
ground, is visible from a distance 
of 20 m. 

the White Horse b a 

cnrtous deep and broad golly colled 

the ' Manger,' into one aide ^ which 

hills bll with a series of sweepii^ 

fes, known as ' The Giant's Btaiis.'^ 

The oUier side of the Manger ia knoim 

- - " The Dragon's Hill." 

At tbe summit of tbe hill, which is 

fL above the level of the sea, is the 



W. and 500 ft. from N. 

i m. N.W. is another camp celled 
Eordiedl GatOe, and about 1 m. 8.W. 
is Mfnd't Camf. 

Following tke hill westward for \ m. 
close to the anoient Bidgeway, the 
cromlech, known aa Wayland Smith'g 
Cave, is reached. It oonsista of three 
large stones, with a fourth laid upon 
them, and several others scatt^ed 
around. 

Caleehill (3 m. aW.) is a modd 
village. The Ch., originally Trana- 
Norm, and E. E., has a good Perp. 
tower, and a modem Dec. chancel. 
CcUthiU Hoiue (Earl of Badnor), 
erected by Inigo Jones in 1650, alAndi 
in a fine park. 

Great CoxineV. ia a small village, 
2 m. S„ and at a short distance from 
it, on the top of Badbnry Hill, are 
the remains of a Roman camp of a 
circular form, 200 yds. in diam. 

Close to the village is a very lai^ 
bom, the remains of a religious es- 
tablishment, built by the abbots of 
Beaulieu (New Forest), to wbran ttte 
manor was granted by King John in 
1205. 

Near lAtOe Ctaacil, 1) m. S., and 
extending over an area of nesrly 14 
acres, are the Cole* Pit*. They num> 
ber about 200, are of a dnmlar fcom. 
and frtMU 7 to 22 ft, deep, and ate 



FARNBOSOUQH—FASNHAM. 



177 



Bupposed to hare been the habiUtioiu 
or hidinf; places of ancient Briloiu. 

FiUOfiOH Castle, see Bradford 
(WatB.). 

FABMDia Wooi^ Bee Oimdle. 



Waterloo. Another route (53 m.) 
h; g. E. Klj., via Bedhill (Beediog 
]&ancb). Tlia touriBt anivmg he~ 
will be bout on proceeding either 
the Cbobliam ridecs (see Wohing), 
or to Aldaikot Camp. The latter, 
which waa permaneiitiy eBlabliahed in 
the Bommer of 1854, lies m E. eide of 
the Wincheater turnpike toad, and 
divided into a N. ana 8. Camp by the 
BBsiugBtobe caoal. The platean ~ 
vhich the 2 camps stand Ib on 
average 320 ft above the sea. The 
railway atationi which give access t 
the Camp are: (1) by L. & 8, Tf 
Bly. to Faniboroiigb, from the N, 
Ash and ToDgbam on 8., distancee 
from 2 to 3 m. ; North Camp Stat, 
I m. from entranoo of N. Camp, and 
very near the rifle-rangea on Ash Com- 
idod; Aldershot, very near the bi. Camp: 
(2) By a. E. Bly. to Aah, 2 m. trom 8. 
Camp ; Alderahot (or N. Camp), which 
is nearer to the Camp tUan 8. MT. Blv. 
8tBt. <^ same name ; and Famborongh, 
J m. N.E. of Famborongh Stat, B. W. 
Bly. There Ib also direct railnay coin- 
municalioD between Asoot and Wok- 
ing, with Stats, at Bagshot, Camberley 
(for Yorh Town), and Frimley. Prom 
the ladt named the line is (IBTS) being 
oontinued to the North Camp. At 
the Famborongh and both the N. 
Camp atationa, omnibuses and cabs 
meet most of the trains. The pedes- 
trian, however, would do well to walk 
through the fir plantalians, making 
Ilia way towards the 4 ohoichee in 
the Campi^ which, dtoated on ri^ng 
groimd, serve as landmarks. The 8. 
Camp occupies much mote space than 
the N. damp, and has all the ohief 
pablio establishments. On a hillock 
in the centre, tect^nisable from a&u 
by its cJnmps of nra, are the head- 
qnartew of the Lt-Gen. in command. 
In the Winchester-toad (ante), dose to 
the N. Camp, are the Queen't Hold 
and the offloers' QvMmtue. J m. 8. of 



the latter is the permanent Ch. of AU 
Sainii. A short distance further, on 
opposite side of the road, is the Queen** 
Faviliim. About } m. W, of this ex- 
tends the Long VaUeg, at the estremi^ 
of which is a steep hill (600 ft.), -mUi 
some ancient entrenchments known M 
Catar's Gamp. From this point will 
be obtained the best view of the troD|)s 
on a Field Day. Together the Cbmpa 
cover an area of about 7 sq. m., and 
tbev commoal; contain about 12,000 
soldiers, besides women and children. 
The town of Aldenhot closely a^jraus 
the 8. Camp (Jnn«.- Cambridge H.; 
Wellington H. ; Oeorae H. ; Bo^ H.). 
Aih Ch. (rebuilt by Woodyer) is 2 n. 
E., and, like Aliiersbot, the village 
baa largely grown since the e«tabliA- 
ment of the Camp. 
Fabhi IsLAiois, see BavAoroKgh. 
Itemlinm (Surrey), Stat, 10 
. bom London, L & 6. W. Bly. 
Itmi: ** Bush; Lion and Lamb. 
The town and neighbourhood con- 
tain much to interest the tourist The 
otiief faitore of the town is still 
the stately moated Cattle, a rest- 
dence of the Bps. of Winchester, on 
whom the manor was bestowed by 
EthelboldofWessex, A.l>. 860. Itsof. 
feted much in the Civil Wars, and 
present form mun1y to Bp. 
Motley (1662-81). The servants' hail 
is part of the original structure (1136). 
The chapel contains some <srved panels 
by Gibbons. The Keep is probably 
temp. Hen. III. The town, i^so cele- 
bnled for its hop plantations, is 
almost connected with Aldetsbot 
The tourisf B first eicorsion may well 
be to (o) Moot Park, 1 m. E., and 
Wavvrley Abbey, about 1 m. beyond. 
Moor Fark (J. F. Bateman, Esq., 
P.B.S.) was the retreat of Sir Wm. 
Temple (d. 1689), author of the ' Triple 
Alliance.' Near the E, end of the 
house is the sun-dial nnder which, 
according to his own request, his 
heart was buried. Sir Wm.'B secre- 
tary was Jonathan Swift, who wrote 
'lere his 'Battle of the Books,' and 
Tale of a Tub,' and made love to 
Stella, lAdy Giflhtd's waiting-maid. 
At the end of the Park, opening on to 
the bealb, is " Mother Ludtam't Cavt^ 



178 



FA VEnmAM—PFF.STimOG. 



the WBidenoe of the " White Witch," 
who, aocoidiog to the legend, need lo 
be invoked hy hei neighbotua (see 
' Handbook for Surrey '}- 1^^ caldron 
landeced famous bj the legend is gtill 
depoKted in JVeiwftam (a,,3ni, further 
a About 1 m. B^. of Moor Faik are 
the beantifal E.-E. mins of Waverleij 
Abbeti, the first house of the White 
Monks (Cistorc) founded in England 
(1128). At ra/ofd Green ia the King's 
Oek, meaaoring in circuit 23} ft. at 
S fl. from the ground. 2 m. E. from 
Faroham, the tourist will reach a, iei- 
jnination of the Hog'i Baek, a remark- 
able ridge of chalk extending iu the 
direction of Guildford (see). 6^ m. 
fiom Famham, on N. aide of the ridge, 
are the delieionsly pure WatiiboTOugh 
qirings. 

FuveTKbam (Kent). Stai.L. 
C. & D. Bly. and June, for Heme Bay, 
Margate, and Bamsgato. Inn: The 
Ship. A Jbnious Abbey existed here 
in earl; times, of which scarcely any 
tiaoe now renmins. The Parith Ch. 



of great size and beauty, the transepts 
being divided into 3 uales, by 2 rows 
of octangular pillars. The nave, in its 
Resent state, is the vilest Georgian 
Crainthian, ceiled and pewed. Ob- 
serve modem font, aod in N. transept 



Felfham, see Bagnor. 

Felstead (l^i). Stat. Gt. E. 
BIy. The Ch., standing on an emi- 
nence, has portions which have been 
considered SaioD. .It contains what 
was once a splendid monntnent to the 
fir«t Lord Itioh, the founder of a hos- 
pilal at Felstead, and of the Grammar 
School, in which Dr. Isaac Barrow, 
Dr. John Wallis, the mathematiciaD ; 
Richard Cromwell, and two at least of 
bis brothers were educated. Oliver 
Cromwell's wife was the daughter of 
Bir James Bourchier, of Felstead, and 
his eldest son, Bobert, was buried here 
in lliS!>. ICatiier more than half a mile 
beyond Felstead Slat, stood the Priory 
of Little Dunmow, of which there are 



I of 1 



of t 



highest interest; also on wall of N. 
aiue of chancel, some 14th-cent. paint- 
ings. In the chancel, which is of un- 
usual bnadth, are 12 miserere stalls. 

The Qrammar School adjoins the 
ch.-yd., and beyond the school is the 
house of " Master Arden." 

Visit Dariiwton CK (carefoHv re- 
stored by Mr. Willement) and village, 
im.N.w. The Prioiy. of which there 
are intenetiiig remains, was Benedict- 
ine, founded 11 S3. 

IHttancet (by railV—XJanterbnry, 9j 
m. ; Borer, 26 m. ; Whitstable, 6} m. ; 
Margate, 21] m. 

Fawlbt, see Sovlhamplon. 

FsCKKijBAH, see Woree^er. 

Fblbsigqe, sea Cromer. 

Fejskikk, see Thirtk. 

Felixstowb, see Iptaich. 

FELMEnSHAii, see Bedford. 



still a 



Itw 



founded for Augustinian Canons i 
IIIM. Attached to it were lands held 
bj an ancient " custom," hy which a 
Flitch of Bacon could be claimed by 
any married couple who had " not re- 
pented them, sleeping or wkking, of 
their marriage in a year and a day." 
The eatlieet claim recorded in the 
Charterlary of the Priory was m the 
^ear 1445 : the last claim allowed was 
in 1751. The costom has been revived 
of late years, hut in connection with 
the tmni of Great Dunmow, which 
Ma, however, in reality nothing to do 

The S. aisle and 5 arches of the 
nave of the Priory Ch. form the present 
Pariih Ch. Under an arch in the S. 
wall near the E. end, is a tomb, said 
to be that of the foundress. Close to 
it is the arm-chair in which the happy 
couple who obtained tlio flitch were 
wont to be installed. The next railway 
station is Dunmow. {SeeGt.Dtmmotc?) 

Fbn DrrTOH, see Cambridge. 

FBHBYeiDE, see Caermarlhen. 

ffestfnlotr (Merioneth.); I{ 
hr. by rail from Portraadoc, and 1 hr, 
tronx Tan-y-lmlch ; 8m. &oathelatta 
by road. Jntw.- *Pengwem Arms; 
The Abbey Arms. A little town on a 
hill between the men Dwyryd and 
CjnvaeL 

fboirnoiu. — A path leads beaa the 
town across a bimyard and field, to 
the wooded banks cf the Cynvad, 
whidh rashes down the glen in a Fitc- 



FILET— FLEETWOOD. 



179 



cession of romantic raits. Prom tho 
&Us tho tourist mar follow the atream 
about 4§ m., passing Foot Newydd, 
throagli most romantio aeenery, to the 
beaatlfol glen of BhaiadT-ami. neai 
which the river falla porpendicularl}' 
over a series of deeply-cleft ptecipiccB ; 
hence he may return I, by road to Ffesti- 
niog. To Bala (see), aboat 19 m. B.E. 
To the aiate Quarriee, H [m. The 
railway journey (to Dnflws), 2(1 min., 
should lie taken as a antioBity (gange 
line of rather leaa than 2 ft.), tboagh 
the pedeiStriau will have a better oppor- 
timity of enjoying the highly pic- 
turesque scenery. The quamea are 
situated on the W. slopes of the Manod 
mountains, and on the aide of Yr AUt 
Pawr, a bold oatUne of the Moelwyn 
group. There ia a good road N, b> 
Dolwyddelan (pron. " Dol'thelen "), 8 
m.; thence 5 J m. to BeUun^Coed 
(which see). To Penmachno, 10§ «. 
(a good Bbition for anglers in Llyn 
Conway, 3} m. S.), ana Fentrerodas, 
13J m., by T^pyfty Eean (see Beftio). 
To TramfynyM, 5} m. 8. and 18 m. 
from Doigdlm. 

JPfley (Vorts.). Stat.,N.E.Bly., 
46i m. from York ; H m. from BvU ; 
and 8 m. by road, 9 m. by rail, from 
SeaTborougk. The distance from Lon- 
don (Kinjra-crosB), irfd York, ia 237i m. 
JntM : 'Crescent Hotel ; Mason's Belle 
Vne, overlooking the bay ; Foord'a 
Hotel, Qaeen-s&eet; Three Tons; 
Crown; Ship ; the best lodgings are 
in the Crescent 

A qoiet and pleasant watering-place, 
overlooking the beentifnl bay which, 
with its broad sweep of hard sand (an 
nnbToken stretch of 5 m, for riding or 
driving), is here a great attraction. 
The l«thing is escelient Filey has 
its Spa, said to be nsefiil in dyspeptic 
cases ; news-room, baths, &o. Like 
BcarboroL^h, too, it has its old town 
and new town, and the tourist should 
make a point of walking throngh the 
main street of the former. The her- 
ring fisberies here are very extensive. 
A deep ravine laid out with terraces 
and plantationB, and crossed by an 
iron bridge, Bcparates the town ftom 
tbe Ckvreh, which ia worth a vidt. It 
is for the most part Trans. Norm, and 



E. By a renark^le arrangement 
of scats inside, the aisles are left 
emp^. and there is no central passi^ 
thiongh tbe nave. Outside, remark 
the corbel table of the parapet. From 
"~ ~i ch. you may pass down to the 

ids, and thence to " Film Brig," i 



iny foooids, oorallinea, radiata and 



A fine new Ck. (St. John tbe Evan- 
lUst) has been built in New Filer 
r the aoocanmodation of visitors. It 

is closed in winter. 

FiNCHALB Abbkt, Ke Durham. 

Fdtsbubt Pabe, see Honaey. 

Flsliruard (Pemb.), 14 m. 
AiDm Haver/ordmett (omnibus 3 tiraes 
weekly), and 17i m. from Cardigan, 
Innt- 'Commercial; Great Western : 
the latter commands a flue sea view. 
This is one of the most piotaresaue 
little towns on the coast. It is divided 
into 2 portions — the upper occapying 
the clisB, the lower constitntiru; the 
seaport and harbour. Fishguard Bay 
is beaatifully sheltered. On 1., 1 m. 
from the town, is Goodteick, with fine 
sands, good bathing, and in a lovely 
and quiet situation. The line of coast 
beyond fbrtas SirumWe Head. A very 
pleasant exoornon of II m. may be 
made to the Freedt mountains (1751 
fL). On the road to Cardan is 
passed, 7 m., Neieport (TaB.- Llwynr 
gair Arms). The principal feature of 
the Cattle there, which overlooks the 
bay, is a very elegant 13th-cent tower. 
Tbence it is IDJ m. to Cardigan. 

FLAllBOBor<}B, see Bridlington. 

FtiXLHT Abbkt, ■" " 



X'leetWOOd (Lane,)— Stat. L. 
& Y. Rly. (In™ : Royal H, ; Crown H.) 
— is a dnU and unsucoesefnl port and 
baOiiDg-pIace at the mouth of the 
Wyre ; but it is very quiet, the air is 
very good, and the views OTer the 
Irancaahire lake hills are interesting. 
A School of Musketry is sbitionM 
here. Steamers daUy 1o Belfast. 

Excwrgioni.—iai.B.toRtmaaHall, 
now a fomons School. The chapel con' 
tains an elaborate reiedos of alaliaater. 
Beyond, along the ooasf, ChBehj/i. j 
N 2 ■* 



FLINT— FOLEESTOXE. 



Gjpin, and Sla^ipool (see). From heto 
the Lake Distiict may be etMilj' vudted 
by boat aaosE Moreosmbe Bay to Fid. 
(Bee Barrtne-tn-Fumeii.') 

Flbtobino, see Lewa. 

PUnt (Flintahiie), 191 m. by nil 
from Biuton-eqnate, and 12j m. by rail 
from Chester, alao Incladed ia L. & 
N. W. New Ciicnkr N. Wales Tour. 
Jwu : Boyel Oak ; Cross Fojes ; Ship. 
A small town on the eBtaery of the 
Dee, chiefly important for ite ohemical 
mauufoctniea. The CadU (temp. 
Edw. I.) cmsiBta of a square court 
abutting on the sea, connected by a 
drawbridge with the citadd, whioh is 
called the Double Towei. The Ol, 
which is modem, has a ntonnmeiit, 
executed at Borne, to Mrs. Muspratt ; 
stained glass windows in memorj of 
the Bytcra family, and a clock in the 
tower presented by Lord Hanmer, for 
a qonrter of a century MJP. for this 
borough. A littlo to the 1. of the town ia 
GormtyUoi CoUthOl, Qio aceua of Hen. 
II.'s (fefeat by Owain Owynedd. 

An escuraion may be joade to Boly- 
«mU, H m., b; taking load to I. aboat 
3 m. &om Flint, and ascending a hill , 
at top of which is the cemetery of the 
town of Holywell ; from the latter the 
esonraioQ may be extended about 2 m. 
to Batingwerk Abbeij; to NorOtop, 3 
m., whence the tourist may diveq^ 
(1), 3 m, to Meld; (2.) 21 m. N.W., 
to Motl-y-gaer and Ealiein Mountain ; 
(3), abont 3 m., to Etshe Cattle, 
whence again it is 2 m. to Mavxtrdai 
Park and Castle (which see). 

I>iitotM».— Ehyl, by rail, 17 m. 

Fltttoh, see Sheford. 

Fltjbbino, see FalmotUh. 

Folkestone (Kent). Btat., 
South Eastn. Bly, Jnni: The **Pavi- 
lionH.,near the harbour (most com- 
fortable and charges reasonable); 
Laadon and Fatie H. ; Alexandra H, ; 
Boyal George H. ; West Cliff H., and 
Bates's Private H., Upper SaodgaEe- 

The town is situated at the E. ex- 
tremity of the rich plain which extenils 
&om the entrance oC the Talley ot 
Giham to the sea, and is protected 
from the north w^ds by a range of 
high hills, among which Castle Hill 



Hill, are oonspicuMiB for the boTdDeas of 
their outline (in/nl). This position, and 
the advant^res of the picturesque road 
under die cISf to Sandgate. recommend 
it to those invalids who require a mild 
climate during the winter. The open- 
ing of the railway in 1814, and conae- 
Saeut improTement of its harbour, and 
le establiahment of packets to Bon- 



Tiew &om the top of the cliff, and 
the excellence of the air, combine to 
make it an attractive watering-place. 
The best houses ate on the W. cliff, 
called " the Lees," towards Saudgate. 

The chief relicof ancient Folkestone 
is the Chareh (dedicated to BS. Uary 
and Eanawith), which stands very 
picturesquely on the W. cliff. The 
tower is placed between the naye and 
ctiancel ; this last is K E., with an 
nnosually liigh pitched roof, and is 
very interesting. In 1859 the cb. was 
restored, when the whole of the bnild- 
ingW. of the tower was taken down 
and rebuilt 

The views from tiie pier extend to 
Shakeepearo's Cliff, B., and aoroas the 
marshes to Fairlight Down, above 
Bastings. W. The neighbourhood of 
Folkestone abounds in interest &a the 
geoli^at. At Eatt Wear Bay, bqroDd 
(i<mt Point, tha shore is rich in fossils. 

The walk to Saudgate (U ^n., and 
3 m. from Sythe) along the cliff com- 
mands noble sea views. The town may 
also be reached by rail, via Western- 
hanger Juno. It is pleasantly situated 
in a valley, and a resort for visiton In 
the season fbr the sea-bathing (Jnfu .■ 
Boy^ Norfolk H. ; Boyal Kent H. ; and 
Alexandra H.). Shomcliffe C!amp, be- 
tween Saudgate and Eythe, is iror^ 
visiting. 

About 2 m. N. of Folkestone is a 
remarkable series of chalk-hills, called 
the Backbone of Kent, Sugar Loaf 
HiBaiidCaitUHiU. Aroad has been 
cut Into the side of the first hill, and 
winds round to the top. CatUe Hill, 
or CiBSar's Camp, has on its smnmit 
three lines of entrenchments. 

Cherry Garden VaUay, below Ctessj'B 
Camp, 1ms scattered amongst ita aah- 



FORDINGBBIDGE—FRAMLISGHAM. 



trees some very indent cbenj and 
ftpple-treefl. 

Ckeriton, 2 m. W. of Folkestone, 
has an E.-E. cb. of interwL Thete U 
ft picturesqne uoade in Xbs chancel. 
The lea view from the churchyard ia 
very fixto, and the walk to Stabnok, 
near Hytha (2 m.), U a very pleaaaat 

Longer excai^oos may be made to 
.By(Ae, 5m. (which Bee); toSaingSdd 
Miimit, H m. N.,- and to 81. Sadi- 
gunSt Abbey, 5 m. (eee Dover). 

At SieinQfield are Uie remains of a 
Sh-eeepU/ry of the Enif;btB of St. John, 
nolT a farm called St. John, at the 
fhrther end of the minnii or common. 
The principal lemains, at the E. end 
of the present house, are those ct the 

The Ch. at PtuMJetteorth, 5 m. &om 
Folkeetono, which stands on a hill 
650 ft. above the sea, is interesting 
and worth a visit 

Foot's Ckat, aee Orayt. 

FoBD, sea Fooler. 

FoBD Abbet, see Chard. 

FoBDflAM , Bee Ely. 

FordlniTbrldire (Hants). 
Stat. a.W. Hly ..about half-way between 
BaUtbnrgatiiWimbome. Jnna: Qrey- 
honnd ; Crown (comfortable, and very 
moderate). There is excellent fishing 
in the Bni^te and Fordiogbrid^ 
waters, but it is strictly preaerT«l. 
Permisaion to fish in the BTeamore 
watets may be obtained of Mr. Stan- 
ford, Sir E. Holse's agent. This ia 
an ancient town, and olaims to bo 
anterior to the Conquest The dngle 
object of intweat is the Ch^ which is 
worth examination, the roof of the 
N. channel especially. Rodcbome Ck., 
3 m. N., contains a very beantiAil 
alto-reliero, by Gibson, to the memory 
of the eon of Oen. Sir Eyre Coote. 

FoBBST Him. (Oion), see Oxford 
(EicnrB.). 

FoBTis Qbeeh, see Honuey. 

FoTHEsraOBAT, se« .Oundla and 
PeUrbonmgh. 

FocNTADiB Abbet, see Sipon. 

FOWBS, see Liilceard and St. AiuteB. 



7) m. fMm Wickbau Slaiket. 7nn; 



Crown and Anobor : gigs and borsea 



kept 
This ic 



ia a very andeot town, with a 
. deal of historical and antiqnwlan 
mlereat 

The existing remains of the CattU 
date chiefly firom the time of Thomas 
of Brotherton (temp. Bdwd. I.). Con- 
siderable cban^ were made, however, 
by the seoond Howard Dnke, who £ed 
in the castle in 1524, and to whom 
must be assigned the Dhimneys of 
monlded brioE the Ferp. windows; 
and the main gateway. The great 
court of the castle, entered by this 
gateway, ia of irregnUr form, sor- 
nanded by an onbroken wall, and 
Btndded at intervals with towers open 
on the interior side. These towers, 
covered with ivy, and the deep moat 
foil of trees and brushwood, make the 
min very piotnreeqne, especially on 
the exterior. There was a sallyport 
or barbican on the W., near the main 
entrance, and ft bri<^ and poatent 
carried on pieia Bcit»a the moat on 
the E. The view near this poetem is 
very piotoresqne. 

The CA. ia a flne and very large 
edifice, and contuns seme bl^y in- 
teresting (noninnenes. 

On a bill about i m. firom the vil< 
lage is the ABrni Xmnorial Middle 
CEoM CoBege, a large and pietnitsqne 
building. 

The Ch. of Deimington, 2} m, N. 
of Framlingham, by a pleasant walk 
acroBS fields— 3 m. by road— ihonld 
on no acoonnt be left anTiaited by the 
ecclesiologist The chancel and nave 
are Dec,, the clerestory of the nave, 
porch, and aiBles, Perp. 

In the B. wall ere two piscinas, one 
of which has very cnrlous tracery and 
eedilia. wiQi rich aneular spaiidrelB, 
snd fine pinnacles. The carvings of 
the capitals of the nde shafts of Om 
chanoel windows are most delioats and 
strikine. and tbe chanoel arch is yery 
fine. The open scats in the nave are, 
perhaps with tbe exception of those at 
Laxfleld, the finest in the coontv, bnt 
the best specimens of woodwork are 
the pucloae screens at the end of each 
aisle, witb the lofts above. 

At Laafidd, abo^t 41 jn, N. of Den, 



FIiOCE8TEB~FURNESS ABBEY. 



mjigtuia, the Oh. 'a veiy good, and the 
oarringB of the aaata finer even than 
those aX DenniDgtoD. 

At Parham (Stat), Z\ m. trom Pram- 
lingbam, aie some lemaina of the old 
hoU of the WiUonghbjB. These ore 
apparently of the 15th cent., and Btand 
within a de^ moat. The gateway, a 
Tudor building, ia later. 

IManeee. — IpnricA, 22^ m. ; AlA- 
iorougA, about 27 m., «ia Baxmtuidbam. 

Fkant, see Tua>ridge WdU. 

FBsaHVATEB, ses WigU, Me of. 

Fbitton, see Lmee^ft 

Frocester (Olouceet), Stat., 
Midland Bly., 25 min. hom Glon- 
oeatet. IJ m. E. is Leonard StaiQe^ 
Ch., a fine orncifbnn E. Nonn. bidding, 
with a moulded W. door. There are 
Temaius of coaTentuol ohataoter close 
by. The view from Frooeiter HUl ia 
beautiM, and aa an oolitic foasil loca- 
ilUii clasfao gronnd to the geolo^at. 

FBoaMOBE, B^ TFindfor. 

BTome (Somerset.)- Stat,G.W. 
Ely. imw : Crown ; George. Thia is 
a laige and popnloui town, with 
several flourishing mann&ctorios. The 
staple mauu&oture is that of wooUen 
cloth. The fine and magoificent 
Fariih Ch. of St. John the Baptist 
has been restored, and ia part rebuilt. 
In approaohisg &om the N. the viaitoc 
will be strac£ with the vigour firij| 
effectivenesB of the Calvary ttept, 
SUUiOM of the Cro>$, a series 
carvings, conaisting of soenes from 
oni Lord's Pulsion, which occupy the 
steep asoent from the entruico of the 
ohurchyaid to the N. porch. The 

finlpit, the rich and beanbfol ohancel, 
he B^ memorial window, the ring- 
ing-floor under the tower on the S., 
the roof of the nave, and tho maoy 
windows in the aiale, are worthy at- 
tention. On the outside, under the E, 
wall of t,he chancel, is the singolar and 
interesting monument of Bishop Ken. 
The cfofA-mt'Ek are scattered about 
leighlKmrhood of the town, Mr. 



eppEod's, called .Spring Gardeta, is 

! uugest, sod may be visited in a 

walk to Vnllia Bottom. Tom 1, at the 



bridge, down &b coorae of the 
and a path across small grassy fields 
leads in t m. to Spring GEffdens. 



Mr. Qra|OTy'B 
worth a visi^ the machinery being 
highly curious. The cards ore for 
teazlng or " carding " the wool. 

VaiUt lies 1 m. W, of SpriiwGar- 
dens, and the same distance N^. of 
Frome, 1. of the rood to Badstoke. It 
is a romnntio little glen, with richly- 
wooded udes. A very charming walk 
may be taken np tho course of the 
litue stream. It divides at Elm, one 
branch running N.W. tram JMeHi, an- 
other S.W. from the woods of Athwa 
and ^unney. Either route will af^nrd 
much pleasure to the lover of the pitv 
toiesque. From Vallis an equally 
pretty walk may be taken up another 
branchof the stream, by TFSaffey, 2 m., 
where there is a good ch., to Nunti^, 
where there is another very pretty 
dell, running in the direotioo of Bra- 
ton. Nunney Caslh is B very pic- 
turesque ruin. It was founded temp. 
Edwi m. The walls are nearly per- 
fect, and present an excellent example 
of a fortiScd house of the period U 
tranntiou fnnn Dec. to Perp., snr- 
rounded by a moat. 

Marston Howe (Earl of Ctork), 3 m. 
S.W., is a stalely Italian Btruoture. con- 
taining many good paintinaB. 

LiilliagUm, a secluded village 2} m. 
N., deservea notice for its BmalTcharoh, 
which has good transition work, be- 
tween Norm, and E. E. The most 
curious part of it is the N. doorwaj. 

LongUai (Marquis of Bath) is 4 m. 
8.B. (see Warmineter). 

FuLBOUBN, see Cambridije. 

FumeMS Abbey (Lone.)— 
Stat, Ftlmeas Ely. (ifofei ;•• Abbey, 
olose to station and tuins)— is one of 
our finest medieval examples of eccle- 
siastical architecture (Trans, Norm, and 
E Jl.), situated in the beautiful gten, for- 
merly called Beckang's Qill, or Valley 
of Deadly Nightsha>^ It was founded 
by King Stephen and Queett Maud, 
whose effigies are still on each aide of 
the great E. window. The Ch. was 
cruciform. The N. transept (129 ft. 
by 28 ft.) has fine M". window, with 
arch perfect, and an E.-Norm. (hjor be- 
"ow. On 1. are tombs of abbots. Both 
!f. and S. transepts have chapels 
ittadie4 to them, rfhe body of tha 



GAINSBOROUGH— GILLINGHAM. 



183 



oboich is 301 ft. Icmg, and taaa the 

oantre rose the tower, 3 of the piUura 
of whicb and the B. aroh remain. 
The arch of the E. window ia hroken ; 
bat the sedilia b; the high altar are 
Htill there, and ate BUppmied to have 
been richly gilt. In the choir are 
effigies of hnishts (Hen. ILL or 
Edwd. L). 6outh of the chaooel ia the 
CIuii)ter-hou»e (60 ft. by 4S ft), which 
has traces of tlie pillars which sup- 
ported its 12 ribbed arches. Above it 
were the library and scriptorium; and 
beyond it were the lefeclory, the loou- 
torium, oalefiictoriuui, and laTatorium, 
which opened into the garden. With- 
in the area of the abbey-wall (85 
acres) were bakeries, malt-kilns, gi»ri- 
aries, and fish-ponds. The abbey was 
one of the rioheat in the kingdom ; 
and in Edward I.'s reign its income 
was 18,0001. a je^. The hotel was 
the abbofs residence, and has some 
good b<u-Ttli^i. 2 m. E. is Oleatlon 
OatUii (see UlverOon). There are 
frequent trains to Samne, 2 m.; 
Ulventon, 7} m. ; BToaghton, lOJ m. ; 
OonUton, 19 m.; Witdermtre, 18 m. 
Holders of Circular Tonr tickets issued 
by the Fumesa Railway Company are 
aUowed snScient tins to visit the 
mins, or may break their journey here. 

Gad's Hill, see Boche^. 

Gadhyibd, see DarUngton, 

Ctalngborouirn (Linooln,)— 
Stats., 0. N. and Mod. Sheff. & Line. 
Blys., 18 m. N.W. fiom Ltuooh^ and 
35 m. B.W. from Hull. Steamers run 
daily to Hull. (Inn : White HartV- is 
situated on the eastern bank of the 
liver Trent, which is here crossed by 
a handsome stone bridge, and is stiU 
a river port of some importance. 

The " Eagre," a tidal wave from the 
mouth of tbe Trent, rises to the height 
of several feet at sprii^ tides, and a 
few miles below the town has a &ne 
Mipearanae when rolling up the river. 
The Ck. (All Saints), erected about 
1209, has a pinnacled tower 90 a. 
hfeh. 

Part of the OU H'oU or Manor Home, 
in the aJioient stylo of doroBstic archi- 
tecture, is said to have been built by 
John of Graunt. It is principally coii- 
atnicted of oak timber fiami^, but on 



the N. side is a beantifnlly pointed 
stone stmcture, probably originally in- 
tended as a chapel. There is a briok 
tower at the N.W. end, 80ft high, 
commanding extenave views. A por- 
tion of the building has been converted 
into a Com Eicbange, Assembly 
Bocan^ and Mechanics' Institute. In 
the Ch. at Lea, 21 m. S.E., is an effigy 
temp. Edw. t. At Knailh, 1 m. fur- 
ther S., the Ch. is the remnant of 
Heyning's Priory, and has a window 
richly ornamented with tracery. Ep- 
leorlh, 12 m. N.W,, pleasantly situated 
in centre of Isle of Axholme, was 
the birthplace of John Wesley, whose 
fatlier was Beotor. 

CtarsUkng- (Lane.)— Stat, L. tc 
N. W. Rly, (inni .- Eagle and ChUd ; 
Boyal Oak>—is a qniet little town, 
nearly 2 m. from station, on rt. bank 
of river Wyre, which is crossed by 
a handsome bridge and Aqueduct 
for the caiial. The CA. is 1 j m. S. 
of the town, and has carved oak 
stalls and a screen and monuments 
to tbe Butlers of Eirkhmd. <M 
haute) : Nateby HaU and Boaert, both 
fitnn-houies, 1} m. N.W. The latter 
contains a curious " priest-hole." The 
ruins of Greenhaigh CaiOe, besieged 
and demolished during the Civil War, 
are between the town and the railway. 
In the river is good trout and chnb 
Miing. The widks to N. and K o( 
the town afford interesting views of 
the Lancashire Fells. Winmarteigh 
is the modem seat of Lord W. (Wilson 
Patten). 

Gaieshsad (Durham), see NlW- 
oastle-on-Tyne. 

Qaiton, see Beigate. 

Gbddinotoh, see Kettering. 

OzDRAs's Bat, see St. AuileU. 

Cterrard'M CroMM (Bucks.), 
5 m. from Vxbridge, and 9 m. from 
High Wycombe. Inn: Boll, a neat 
litue hostel, snited for touiists, close 
to Dnhe of Somerset's seat. 

GsLEisB, see Jlfor«ton Hampttead. 

GraoLHWioE, see S^tle. 

GiGo's Hd-L, see iKKen. 

CllUng-bum (Dorset.1 Stat., 
S. W. Bly.. about midway between 
Salisbury and Yeovil. Inn* : Phisnlx ; 
Bailway Inn, The parish is of im- 



ISl 



GILLINGHAM—GILSLAND. 



meme size, 41 m. in circuit, and oon- 
tuniDg 61,000 acrea. Three rivers 
unite a little below the town, and 
(tfibrd some good tront fishing. The 
town was once of considerable impor- 
tanoe. The Wilan, at wbich Edward 
the Confessor waa nccepted as King of 
England, was held here 1042; and 
} m. S.E. of the Cfa. stood a hnntiag- 
lodge of our early kings. 

4 m, N, stands the little market- 
town of 3fere ( JnM ; Ship ; George), 
on the borders of Wilt*. Dorset, and 
Sometset, in a wild and bleak down 
cooatrr, with wide views all roand. 
The Ch., chiefly Perp., ia one of the 
heht in a WilU. It has a statelj 
tower with lofty pinnacles, and within, 
a richly carred oaken ceiling, good 
rood-acreen, stalls, and parclnses. The 
MaTket-hoate is of some antiquity. To 
the N.W. is the monnd of tiie csatle, 
built 1253 by Kioh. E. of Cornwall. 
To the 8.W., near the town, la Mere 
Park, and 1 m. S. Woo^andt, where 
the remains of the ISth-cent tnansioa 
of tlia Doddingtons deserves a visit. 

2 m. N.W. of Mere, on a preclpitoua 
hill, u Whiteeheet Camp, considered 
by Hoare aa a British work, further 
strengthened by the Saxons. 

3 w. W. is Slourh^ad, the beautiful 
seat of Sir Henry Ainsley Hoare, Bart. 
It ia well known for a fine collection of 
pictures, bnt mote celebrated for the 
extreme beanty and decoration of its 
park and grounda. The house is shown 
on Fridays, and the grounds at all 
times. Slonrhead is entered by an 
embattled gatehouse, flanked by round 
towers and beautiMly ivied. A Tieitor 
to the PUtuure GroanAt, after passing 
the gatehouse, desoends between banks 
of tarf and hedges of laurel to the 
hamlet of SUnirttm, a group of pretty 
cottages, ancient charc^h, nud Jnn, en- 
auonoed in a little dell beneath ini- 

e tiding woods. Opposite the obnrch 
the eutiftnce to the pleasure-groundH, 
where the ntleutiau of the visiter will 
be directed to a beautiful ornament, 
the High Ctom of Brielol, erected 
tttat city about 1373, as a mark of gra- 
titnde to Edward m. It ia an riabu- 
rate pieca of stonework, deoorated with 
the stetqes of 8 o( our monarobs. ' 



was re-erected where it now stands in 
1733. On the level of the lake will 
be pointed ont the Temple of ffte 
Musei, Paradiie WeU, and an old /oBt 
removed from the chnKb. Fiuiher 
on a view opens on the rt. np Six 
Wdlg Bottom to St. Petet't Pump, an- 
other relio tnaa Bristel, covering the 
six sources of the Stour. The path 
next croases an arm of Ihe lake, and 
winding past the Baan Houte, dives 
into the Grotlo. A view now opens of 
the portico of the Paalhtoa, a copy of 
the famous temple at Bome, occupying 
a cburming site. Contiuning his course 
the visiter will reach the Teazle of 
die Smi, designed after that at Baalbec, 
commanding a bird's-eye view of lake 
and garden. Alfred's Tower, not the 
least of the curiosttieB at Slouthcad, 
occupies a magni£cent point of view 
called KingseUU, a lofty hill 800 ft. 
above the sea, which every visitor 
should ascend. Get key at tlie adjoin- 

GiLLiKQHAK (Kent), see Chatham. 

C;illow-]Iea(ll(St]^), Stat 
N. Slalf. Ely. Jnn: Talbot Arms. On 
the hill above the station is Biddvlph 
Grange, the beautiful seat of James 
Bateman, Esq. The Gardeni are ex- 
tensive and snpecb. Open free on the 
firat Monday in Jnne, July, Ang. and 
Sept., and by tickets, price 5s., to be 
obtained at the Inn, to admit five 
people, every I'riday in the year. The 
principal parts are the Orangery, Ca- 
mellia and Rhododendron House, the 
Cheny Orchard, the Dahlia walk, ttie 
Egyptian Court, the Pinetum, the 
Bavme, the Arboretum, the Welling- 
tonia Avenue, the Chinese Gaidens 
and the " Stnmpery." MddnljA Sail 
is a flne old Elizabethan ruin, bo- 
sieged and destroyed by the Parlia- 
mentary forces nnder Sir Wm. Brereten 
in IS*.*!, The Ch. contains some 
beautiful stained glass fimu Belgiam, 
and an altar-tomb to the Bowyers. 

dllsland <Cumb.)— Stet. N. £. 
Rly. — 16 m. from Carlisle. Omnibus 
meets the trains for Gi'bland Spa 
(large Hotel), in the rooky valley of 
the Irthing, much resorted to for 
ite medicinal waters (snli^uiTio and 
c)ia1ybeate springs), inn.- Gelderd'^ 



GLAS^S—GLASTONBUItT. 



ShitVs Hotel. Here 5ii W. Soott 
first met Charlotte Carpenter, who 
fifterwanla became Mi wife. GilBlasd 
is also the scene of a portioa of ' Gny 
MaDaeriug.' Near here a " Mumps 
Ha*," or Beggars' Hall, the hause 
irhere Dandie Dimnont is represented 
(in 'On; Uanneiing') as telling the 
nevB of Ellangowan's death to Ueg 
Uerriliea. 

OiBBnBNK, see Settle, 

GhAiSDU-B End, see WhiAy. 

CMajSHOn (Lane.), 21 m. from 
Oaigate—HiaX. L. & N. W. Ely.— ia the 
port of Lancaster, sitnated at the erta- 
ary of the Lune, where it begioB to 
narrow, aod near the moatli of the 
Oonder. VeBsels of 400 tons can 
enter tlie docks. 2 m. S. are the re. 
mains of Cocheriand Jbbey, congistinK 
of the octagonal chapter houae, naed 
aa the bajial-place of the Daltona. 
Overtoa Ch., on the N. bank of the 
estuary qtpoaite Glasson, has a Norm. 
door with zigz^ monldiugs. Aihtoa 
HtUl (N. Le G. Statkie, Esq.) is bean- 
tifhlly dtnated to W. of station. 

Crlnstonbury ( Somerset, ). 
Slat. Somerset & Dorset. Bly,, where 
it joins the line from Wells. Jnni ; 
George (potC^ ; Ked Lion. The chief 
interest of this.iown, the ancient "lale 
of Av^ou," arises from its celebrated 
Abbey, one of the earliest centres of 
ChriBtianitr in England. The en- 
bttDoe to tbe Abbey mius is on the rt 
of the diief street, onder the new 
Assembly Booms, through a garden. 
Admigmon, Sd. Of the vast church 
(originally 594 ft. in length) and its 
appended buildings, the remnants are 
■canty. Of the latter we have only 
the Abbotts kitchen, and a small frag- 
ment adjoining, and a gateway, now 
converted into the JUd Lion Inn. Of 
the ch. we have the two B. tower 
[Hers, with one of the N. transeptal 
ohapels, nearly the whole of the 8. wall 
of the choir aisle, some bays of the 
B. naTe aisle, and the so called 8t, 
Joseph's Chapal. The work is of the 
Tery highest type, and the ohnrch. both 
in size and architectural exceUence, 
-was tm a level with om: fiiBt-olasa 
cathedmls. The best preserved and 
iqost interesting portion of tlte rqins 



of decoration Sorid, and the w 

ship admirable. Notice the insorip- 
tion, in Baiou chsraotera, on B. wall, 
"Jesus Maria." Of the. Abbey build- 
ings within the precinct walls tbe 
only one standing is the maguifloent 
Atiofi Kiti^n, 33^ ft. square within 
the walls, and 72 ft. high to the top 
of the lantern, now stan^ne alone UM 
entered by a gate in Bfagdalene-Btteet. 
(The key is kept in the house oppo- 

Abboei Barn, of the 14th cent, 
at the top of Chinkwell-street, is per- 
haps the finest and most rlehly orna- 
mented of the monastio giananea still 
remaining. 

Tbe Entrance Oaleieay for the laity 
and guests is mailed in the Bed Lion 
Inn, in BLigdalene-street. The great 
gate is hidden by a modem house ; 
but the vaulted entrance for foot 
passengers is still aooessible. Passing 
throngh tbe inn, in fhe yard at the 
back, there is a small AlmAouie fi» 
women, with a chapel, founded by 
Abbot Beere. The George Inn in 
High-street, the old pilgrim's hostelry, 
temp. Edw^ IV.. " is tbe best pieco 
of domestic work in Glastonbury. The 
front is one splendid mass of panelling, 
pietoed, where necessary, for windows. 

The centre is o '' '— - * 

tred gateway, 

to 1, rising tlie whole height of the 



A very rich small timber fmn^ in 
Northlode-fltreet. I. side, and the.JInu- 
AouM and Chapel of St. Mary Magda- 
lene, in the B^eet of the same name, 
should be seen by the tourist Glas- 
tonbu-f has two churches. The prin- 
cipal is fie. John Oie Baptief, Uie 
tower of which is considered by Hr. 
Freeman as the ttiird finest in Bomer- 
setabire. It liees to a height <^ 140 
ft. in 3 storeys, and is richly adorned 
with canopied niches, and crowned 
with an open work parapet and ei^ht 
slender plnoaoles, The ch, is » flno 



186 



OLOUCE8TEB. 



example of Sometsetohite Feipend!- 

Sl. Benedii£t, ia the street of the 
same name, is smeJler and plainer; 
but the tower poaeeses mncb djgnit;. 

The touriflt should visit WirraU and 
the Tor hills ; if he has time for only 
one, chooaioK the latter. 

The Tor HiU (fbUow the Shepfon 
Mallet road, and turn off up the bill 1, 
at the Tor Hill Inn) is 500 fl, above 
the Bsa. It is crowned by a, beaatiful 
tower, all that is left oF a, pilgrimage 
Chapel of 8t. Miahad. The view from 
the top is very extensive. You may 
deeoend on the NJL side, visiting 
Budu!!/ Cooiabe on your way back to 
the town, which you will r«-*ijter by 
Chiukwell-Bireet, 

-S*orpAom Park. 2 m. 8.W., tho 
oountry residence of the old Abbots, 
is worui visiting. The remains of the 
mansion are now used as a, tarm'house. 

A. brief and interesting 'Historio 
Guide to Olaetonbury,' by the Bev. J. 
Williamson, may bo purchased (price 
]«.) in the town. 

WelU, 6 m. N.E. ; WoolcBy (see 
WelW) ; and Cheddar, may be visited 
from Glastonbury. 

Glehbioh, see Fumeu Aibey and 
Ulvertlan. 

Glen, see Wigilon. 

Globsof, eee Sheffield. 

ClouceMter (Qlouceetih.} — 
Btata. G, W. Ely. June, with 8. Wales 
and Herefivd Unee, and Midi. Bly. 
(Jnnt: "BeU; Ram; in tho oityl; 
Spread Eagle, near the station) — situ- 
ated in a fertile plain on the 1. bank of 
the Severn — is the ancient Glerum of 
the Bomans and ttieoounty town, and 
a bishop'B see, with a Mston dating 
from the Saxon era. The Cathedral 
(still in pnwTess of restoration) ia a 
snperb building, a Norm. body, al- 
tered by repairs. The Nave is massive 
Norm,, the piers supporting an E.-E. 
roof (1212). The font in it (erected 
1878) ie design of late Sir G. Scolt 
The BDuth Poreh (1122) is Perp. 
with fan-tmoery roof. The W. win- 
dow is Perp. and filled with stained 
glass in memory of Bp. Monk. The 
8. transept is Tians. Dec. and the 
N. transept is Perp. The vaulting 






flying arcbee between tba 

nave and choir, wonderful examples 
of constnictiTo skill. The beautiful 



Is carried under l^e E. window in a 
curve, forming the Whiipeiing Gallery. 
Notice the bcantifiilly carved stalla of 
rich tabeniaole work in oak, 14th cent 
The finely sculptured reredos is the 
gift of the Freemasons of the Provinoe. 
The E. window ia the second tai^est 
in England (1345-50), Notice "the 
simplicity of the compositinn, the 
larKeness of its parts, and the breadth 
of lis oolonring" — Wimt/nt. Beyond 
the choir is a cross Lady Chapel (1498), 
divided into four compattmonta. The 
ancient reredos is a gorgeous specimen 
of decorative painting. The foUovrinK 
are the most notable Jlfonuni«nt< .' (a) 
In the N. choir aisle, to King Oaric, 
founder of the churoh, circ. 681, and, 
close to it, the shrine of King Edward 
II., murdered at Berkeley Castle — sur- 
mounted by a canopy — a splendid ex- 
ample of Dec tabernacle work— the 
whole well worth careful inspection. 
(b) On the step of the alt&r is moun- 
ment of Hobert Curthoae, eldest eon of 
the Conqueror, with effigy in coloured 
Irish oak, one of the oldest specimens in 
wood, (c) In 8. aisle, Sir J. Brugge, 
an Agineourt hero (IStb cent.), (d) 
Aid. Blaokleech and wife. 1639, by 
Fandli. (e) Bp. Warborton, 1779. 
(/) Sir John Guise, d. 1794. (g) Bpe, 
Benson and Goldesborough. (A) ^s- 
relief to Mra. Morley, by Flaictaaa. 
(£) To Dr. Jenner, by Sievier. N. of 
the nave are the CloUlen, remarkable 
for the earliest example of fan tracery. 
On S. side see the Caroh, wliere the 
monks pursued tbeir studies. On the 
N. side of the 8. transept is the beanti- 
liilly decorated Chapel of St. Andretn, 
restored by Thomas Marling, Esq., in 
memory of his wife (d. 1S68). The 
matchless altar-screen in 81. PauTi 
Chapel, in N. transept, was restwed 
at expense of Earl of Ellenborongb. 
The CftapUr-houie is Nonu. In the 
Librars is the most perfect known 
copy of a Coverdale Bible ; also some 
leaves of an Anglo-Saxon M8-i lOtb 



GLOVCESTER—ONOSALL. 



cent The Nona, ctypt, I0S5, la 
tered from tha B, tnmeept The best 
view of the Cathedral can be obUined 
troia the College Oreen and lawn, 
open to the pvWe round the B. end. 
The noble toaer mu built b; Abbot 
Beabrook (15th cent.). 8t. Xar^i- 
njoare, just ODtaide the Abbey gate, 
vas the scene of Bp. Hoopers roar- 
^dom, marked by a Gothic cross and 
lua statue. SI. Mary Le Crypt Ch, 
(testoied) ia Perp. and cmciform with 
Norm. W. door. " The Chancel is a 
model of elegance, and the way in 
vbioh the clerestory -wbIIb are sup- 
ported, truly wond^aL" There are 
richly carved sadilia with fresooea on 
the back. St. Mary de Lade Ch. 
(Norm.) oconpies the site of a Bomao 
temple need as the first Chiietiaa 
church in Briton, where LociuB, the 
first BritiBh king, was buried; see 
onriouB Norm, wooden pulpit. St. 
Nichalae Ch., E. Norm. See carious 
handle on N.V. door, represeuting a 
fiend bearing the soul of a witch to the 
infernal regians. The other buildings 
are the GutldhaU at the Croes; the Bluf 
mat So*pitai in East Gate-sti«et : the 
JUusemn and School of Art and Science 
in Bmnawiok-road ; the Nea Inn in 
North Gftte-Btreet, an old house for 
pilgrims, built of cheetnnt wood. Under 
the Fleece Inn is a C^pt, now a ware- 
house. Tliere are mineral waters in 
the flpa Oroundg, now a public park. 
Near the docks are scanrt temains of 
LlanOiony Priory, on ofiidiaot of the 
better known Abbey iu Momnouth- 
ahire, oonaiBting of gateway, walls of 
the abbey farm, and aome domestic 
buildings. Gloiioester has a large 
trade in corn, its docks being con- 
nected with the Severn near its 
eatnary by the Btrheley Canal, 16i m. 
long. Sslmon and lampreys ara also 
qteciaUties. 

ExeuTtiom. — (a) About S m. to 
Birdlip, through Oplon SI. Leonard*, 
3 m. {Ch. Norm, details, fine monu- 
ments to the Snell Wiily). 6 m, 
Priaknaeh (Bt John Aofeere, Esq.), an 
old ISth-cent. house, amidst charming 
-woods and commanding lovely views. 
It was once the Abbot of Gloucester's 
Tesidenc9, From tboncc explore the 



Oranham 

Tnm: Black Hors-. „,„ 

the plain of 
Oloncester, the channel, and S. Welsh 
hills, and a resort [or invalids. Notice 
the Ermine-street (Boman road) run- 
ning for 6 m. straight as a liae. "Hke 
oicundon may be eitended lo Chelten- 
ham, 6 m., passing Leokbamptou hill, 
interesting to the geologist The 
DeviTs Chimney, a curious isolated 
pinnacle of the rook, is a &vourite 
resort of pedestrians : or a return to 
Oloncester by Whitcombe Park (Lady 
Cromie), where are remains of a Koman 
vUla. Open to visitors. The oolite 
quarries at Birdlip and CrickleyHill 
are full of fossils. (6) 2 m. W, to 
Higfmam Court (T. Gambler Parry, 
Hisq.), oontftining rich collections of ar- 
ticles of vertu ; the gardens and pine- 
tum are very fine. The Ch. (JSSl) 
is richly decorated with stained glass 
and freieo painiingt on tlie chtuicel 
walls, buitistery and roof, of life size, 
by J/b. Gambier Parry. 

NeiBint, S m. &om Gloucester Stat. 
G.W. Bly. and Midi. Ely,, or 6 m. from 
Mitoheldean Btat. G. & Hereford line. 
Inn: George. The Ch. has lofty qrire 
153 fl. The roof is fastened by screws 
without pillars, like the Tlieatre at 
Oxford. ifonuRients to the Foleys and 
GrandiBons. 

Longhope (Stnt O. W. Bly.,' about 
midway between Olo. & Boss) ia the 
beat point to ascend Yarlladon or May 
Bill, 973 ft., oommanding a pano- 
ramio view of enonooua extent. It 
ia of interest to geologists on account 
of its zone of Penlamerou» sandstones. 

Gltdebs Vawb ahd Vaoh, see G^t 

Olth Cbibioo, see lAaimfrU. 

ttnosall (Staff.). Stat L. & N. 
W. Bly. (Shtops. Union). The Oh. 
has a monument of biiiriit in annonr. 
31 m. N. is Norimry Ch., contajniug 
effigies of a knight and two ladies 
(14th cent.), also some brasses and 
sediUa. A little to N.E. is Sanioa 
Abbai (E. of Lichfield), the tower and 
fine Perp. window being poxtionsof the 
old Abbey (temp. Hen. I.), and a little 
lo the S.E. is the beautiful sheet of 
water, A^ttalate Mere, 



GOOLE—GRANTBAM. 



(Eio 



^)-„ 



Qon'i Oak, see ChahmU. 

Goldbr's Gbebh, see Hatdon, 

OOLOIKO, see Hinckley. 

GkiLDiNQ'TOB. see Bedford. 

GoHSBALL, see Dorking. 

GOODBIOB CAtTLB, Bse Wye. 

GoonwicE, see Fuhgvard. 

Goodwin Sands, see Ihal. 

GoovwooD, Bee ChicheUer. 

doole (Yorkfl.), Stat G. N. Elj., 
) hr. b; rail from Donceater: also 
braneli line to Knottiligiey (Laoo. 
A YorkB. Blj.). Inn: Lowther H. 
A port sad town of iDcieaaiag import- 
ance, situated a litUe above the point 
where the Quae aod Trent unite (o 
form the Hwnber. Steamere daily to 
Hull (2 hrs.) ; also twice a week to 
Botteidam ; and once a week to S^try. 
Great quaatitieH of fruit atid vegetableB 
are imported here ttora Antwerp and 
Botteraam. whilst the chief exports nre 
iron and cloth, and Yorksbire bnildijig 
atone. There are two capaciona docka 
and a pier. 

GoBDAiE, see Skiplon. 

OOHHAHBCSY, BCe SU Alb(m>. 

GoBrao (Berks.), aee T>uime§ Tour. 

GoBLESTON, aee Loinetlofi. 

GoBMiBE, aee I*ir«fc. 

GoBPHwref A, see Capel Curig. 
f GoBBAH, see St. Amtell. 

GosFOHTH, aee Ketuitek. 

QocDHWBST, see Cranbnxili, 

GowEB, aee Bwaniea. 

Gorr Bbidoe. see WhdIeuAiTidae. 

Graob DtRD Manob, see AMty-tMoi- 
ZomA. 

Gbad^ see EdaUm. 

Grun, Is1« of, aee Skeerneti. 

GBAXPomoi, see 8L AudM. 

Crranre (Laocaahire). Stat. 
Fninen HI;. Innt: "Granve, oloae 
to statjon ; Orown. Two coaches a dav 
to Newby Bridge, S m., to meet 
■teameia on Windermere. A most de- 
lightful and healthy aituation on the 
shores of Morecambe, at the foot of (a) 
YewioiTtHB, whioh should be ascended 
for the view, m also (b) Hemj>tfeU, 
S m, N., on the aommit Of which ia the 
Hoytice, erected for shelter of viaitora. 
" <B) To CaHmel, 21 m. 



N.W. Inn: CaTeudisb Arms. A 
naint old town, with a Tery fine Priory 
'A., the only oonventual huilding in 
I^noa^iiie that escaped mntilatlon 
after the dissolution of the tnonaa- 
teries. It ia cruciform, and of every 
mixture of atyle, with the upper por- 
tion of the tower placed diagonally 
apon the lower. Notice in the interior, 
which is E.-E.,the N,E. window, 40fL 
liigb, with some very old glass; the 
two Norm, doorways, the oak screen, 
and the grotesque carvingi of the oak 
stalls. The two chapels «re called 
the Pypecand the Town Ohoir. Monu- 
ments : — (a) Altar-toBib of William de 
Walton, first Prior. (b) Splendid 
monnment to Sir J. H^ngton and 
his wife (130S). Observe the fretwork 
Rich, and the acriptnral representationa 
of the upper portion of the tomb. See 
also in vestry rare specimens of early 
typography, (d) To Holme Iiland, 
'' ~~ connected with the mainland by 
DSeway, and made into a very 
pretty residence by J. Brogden, E^. 
(e) To iJutnjjftrey Head, i m., where 
there is a fine view, and a mineral 
spring, the Holy Well. (J) Levtnt 
HaU (Hon. Mrs. Howard), atnated on 
R aide of river Kent. The gardens 
were laid out by Beanmont, who de- 
signed Eampton Court Gardeua. In 
the mansion are aome fine oak oarvinga, 
tapestry, and portraits. It may be also 
conveniently visited from Kendal, (g) 
BoUcer BaU, 1 m. N. of Cork and 
Carimel Stat. FaroBss BIy., a beauU- 
fnl seat of the Dnke of Devimshire. 



ofdlection of pictures and library, a 
of which were destroyed by a fire in 
March, ISTl. The fishing villages 
off the Cartmel coast are very 
primitive, and do a large tiade in 

Gbantchestrb, see Canibridge. 

Crrantliaiii (Llnoolnshirel. 
Btat on the main line of the Gt If. 
Bly. ; the Nottingham branch ioina 
hare. Jnni: *Angel and RoyJ HL, 
High-street ; George. The tiomer ia 
one of the three medieval hostels 
remaining in England. It is re- 
corded tiwt King John held hja 



court there on 23id Febrnuy, 1213, 
and tbat in this houae Itichiiid IIL 
sigiied the death WBn»nt of the Duke 
of Buddngham on 19th October. 1483. 

The town standi on the mer 
Wiiham, 25 m. S. of Linoohi, and 
11 m. 8M. of Newark. 

The ta. (8L WolBmi) U a hand- 
Bome stone Btmctare, with a noble 
sqaare tower, 13S ft. high, Bnrmaaated 
bj a beaatif^ octi^nal spire of 138 
ft. The inferioT is fine, and ia 
lighted hj bandsome windows of the 
Xi.E., Dec., and Perp. styles. Notice 
the fiml. The orjpt, nnder the " 
aisle, oontaina a stone altar. 

Public Baths are in Wharf-roed. 



from Gcantham. Sir Isaac Newton 
was bom here in 1642. A portion of 
the plantadona and pleasure-giounds 
otBamiiT Coatle (see) are iu the parish. 
At Baton, 2i m. N.E., is the fine 
seat, desigaed b; Wren, of Earl Brown- 
low. Ia it are some good paintings bj 
Lel;r, Kneller, and others. A loagni- 
ficMit view is obtained from Behnont 
Towa-. on B. side of the Park, i m. 
fnither on is Sytbm (Sir John Tho- 
rold), with a oeletnated library. The 



Ch. has interesting Norm, portions. 

Crasmere (Westm.) is on the 
high road &om Ambleside to Keswick, 
4 m. from former, and 13 m. from latter, 
and, from its central position, ia verj 
oonvenient Eut headijnarters for tourists. 
Iniu ; Prince of Wales H. ; Kothay H., 
both first class ; Red Lion, in ttie vil- 
lage ; Swan, | m. on the Keswick road. 
The village is ) m. N. of Grasmere 
Liake, 1 m, in length and } m, broad, 
Ivtng in a hollow. The noblo amphi' 
theatre of moaolains which euciicles 
it can be best seen ^m the water . In 
the S.E. eomer of the eh,-yd. Words- 
worth and several members of his 
jlasniiy are buried. Close to Uiem is a 
monument of Caen stone to Hartley 
Coleridge ; also a slab in memory ot 
Arthur Hngh Clongh, who died and 
was buried at Florence. The epitaph 
on the marble tablet within the church, 
with a medallion profile of the poet 
Wordsworth, is the composition of 
John Keble. Ascend the tover of the 



rSAM. 189 

Cboroh (the chuKh of the 'Excur- 
sion ;' rather difficult for ladies, and 
impossible for very stout persons), 
from which msgniflocnt views of tl^ 
lake, &c.,arB obteiued. 

Ezeurriont, — (o) EasedaJe Tarn, 2J 
m., is reached on foot by following the 
second road on 1. after leaving Bed 
Lion Hotel, crossing the foot bridge, 
oontinning throngb the fiehis, liaT> 
ing Eaaedale Beok on rt. ; thenoe, 
by ascending a sleep path by the 
Bide of Soar Mitk Fane. The Tarn 
~one of the finest in the district 
—is H m. beyond. A little to W. ia 
Godale Tarn. The ascent to it is 
steep, but the scenery will repay the 
trouble. Gkiod trout fishing in both 
Tarns, and a boat may be hired on 
Easedale Tarn. The return may be 
varied either by descending into Far 
Efitedale Glen, or by climbing 8Sv«r 
Hmee (1345 ft.) and descending near 
Onismere lake, (jb) S«d Bank, li m. 
Irom the church, commanding fine 
views of Helvellyn and Bkiddaw, 
Fairfield, Nab Bear, and Bydal Park. 
Thence, taking the road to the rL, to 
High Ciote, on the highest part of the 
rood to Great Langdale. Proceed to 
the seat bearing the inscription " Beat 
and be thankfnl," about 20 yards be- 
yond High Cloae House, ic) iJowghrigg, 
which can be easily ascended from 
Ked Bank This mountain ridge, so 
graphieally described in Mr. Jumoe 
Talfonrd's ' Vacation Bambtes,' should 
be traversed ftem end to end. Betnm 
romid the W. shore of Bydal Lake, 
passing Nab Cottage, Rydnl Mount 
and Falls (see AmbUiide), and diverg* 
ing from the main road into a former 
turnpike road, now celled the " Middle 
Road," to the Withing Gate, the sub- 
ject of one of Wndaworth's best 
lyrics. A short distance beyond a 
<Jescent is made and the coach road 
entered near the Prince of Wales 
Hotel, (d) aremhead Ghyll (the scene 
of Wordsworth's 'Michael'), i m., is 
approached &om b^ind Uie Swan 
Inn. (e) Tongue Ghyll Waler/aa, rt of 
Keswick road, about 1 m. from the 
Swan, should be visited, (/) Helm Crag 
(1299 ft.], 2 m., the rooks on the 
summit m which have been fancifully 



GHANTSAMSnA VEBSm). 



compared, when «een from different 
points of view, to a lion couohant with 
a lamb ; to an astrologer, aa by Words- 
worth in his * Waggoner ;' and to a 
mortar throwing aheUs. (g) Fairfield 
(2862 ft.], 3 m., the double joarne? 
occupying about 4 hours. The ascent, 
whi^ is not difficult, commences at 
a taming out of the high road, close 
to the Swan. It may also be made 
from Ambleside, 6 m,, by proceed- 
ing through Rydal village, and ^ler 
crossing Pelter Bridge, taking the 
load on it, which leads by Kydal 
Churoh and Bydal Mount Nab Bear 
Boon comes in view, end from the 
Bummit, which is half--way between 
Ambleside and Fairfield, magnificent 
views are obtained. The ascent bom 
Gmamere is easier and tiie one usually 
made, (h) Sa-mllyn (3118 ft.), 6| m. 
to eofflmit The ascent is often made 
from PaUtrdale, but it is CRsier from 
Grssmere. Leavingthe Swan Inn, from 
which Wordsworth, Sonthey, and Scott 
started together for the ascent, follow 
the Keswick road, i m., until a cottage 
ia reached on rt. Take the path on 
N, side of the cottage, by side of 
Tongue Qhyil (see Water&U), and 
thence by way of Horse CrsffgB, 
Grisedale Pass, to foot of Giisedale 
Tarn, 3 m. Thence by a zigzag path 
to tie Bmmnit of Dolly Waggon Pike, 
and thence along a aeries of crests 
of hills forming nearly the whole 
length of the "mighty" Helvellyn 
range, for 2 m. to the great cairn at 
the top. The views on a clear day 
are surpassingly fine. The easiest 
descent is to the Nag's Head Inn at 
Wythbam, situated on the Keswick 
main road, 5 m. &om Gmamere, and 
8 m. from Keswick, The ascent may 
also he made from this village, bat tiie 
route (2§ m.), though shorter, is less 
interesting than that tiom Graamere or 
Patterdale. Ponies and guides can be 
hired at any of the principal hotels. 
(f) Palferdale, S m. from Grasmere, is 
reached by a steep and mgged bridle- 
road, by Grisedale Pass, quitting the 
main road by Tonga e Ghyll (see Mpr^). 
The route passes through some of the 
grandest monntain soenely of the dis- 
trict. On entering the road in Patt^- 



dale, torn to 1. and, at a bridge near to 
Patterdale Hall (seat of Mr. Marshall), 
a road to rt. leads to the ohnroh 
and village (Patt«ada1e Hotel). The 
UllswBter Hotel is dose to the Lake, 
Im. W. 

The road from Grasmere to Kei- 
wick, after leaving the Swan, ascends 
DanrnaU Baiie, a desolate tract 
between Steel Fell on 1. and Seat ' 
"al on rt. On its highest part 
rude cairn which is supposed 
to indicate the spot where Ihmmail 
King of Gumberliuid was defeated by 
Edmnnd King of England, a.d. 9t5. 
Before reaching top of Pass, look back 
on vale and lake of Grasmere; notice 
also tbe"Iiion and tiamb"on Helm 
Orag. Wythbum, 5 m. (Inn: Nag's 
Head, formerly "The Cherry Tree" of 
Wor^worth'a 'Wagoner'). Oppo- 
site the inn is 



The road now skirts the W. base of 
Helvellyn range and for nearly 2 m. 
on 1. the shores of Thirlmere lake, 
3 m. long and } m. broad, and the 
highest of all the English le^es. The 
beat views are to be had from its W. 
shore, and shonld not be missed. Slop 
at King's Heod Inn, at TMrtspo^ 
small, hut clean and comfbrtable; a 
Post Office. For the neit 3 m. the 
road nms tbtough the rather nn- 
inlereating vole of Naddle. On ar- 
riving at a sharp turn (Oastlerigg) 
1 m. from the town, the vale of Kea- 
wicft suddenly opens ont, with Bassec- 
tbwaft« Late in the distance, and 
Skiddaw, on rt. ; Derwentwaler and 
Bonowdale on 1. ; and the town below. 
The view here is admitted to be the 
finest in the Lake District. 

Cirfkveiiend (Kent)., Stat. 
S. B. Ely., N. Kent line, 23J m. &om 
London ; 22 m. b^ road, and 2^ m. 
below London Bridge hj Oie met. 
/nn( : Clarendon H. ; Cli^n H. ; 
Mitifl, H.; New Ion. 

The town is situated on the rt bank 
of the Thames, and' has from vei7 
early times been the place of landing 
for royal personages. 

The tnmS of the Short Ferry to 



61U VESESTD—GSEENWICB. 



191 



Tilbury, J ra., U now carried on by 
the ateamboaU which ply betweeu 
Gntveeead and the Tilbuir Station of 
tbe London and Southend Railway. 

Ab the ontei bonndaiy of tbe Port 
of London, all outward-botmd Teasels 
receive here their final clearnnoea. 
The emignint ships anchor here (o tahe 
tbeii passengers on boaid, and undergo 
inspection by the emigration officers, 
and all outwatd-bound Tewels here re- 
oeiTe tbeit bills of lading. Inward- 
bound ships are here boarded by the 
rerenue ofBcers, and taike on board 
their river pilola. The town importi 
coal and timber, but the fishing fiif 
niehea the chief employment of the 
sea&ring population. Shrimps are 
taken by the fishermen in ptoaigiona 
quantities. They are latgely con- 
aumed at GiftTesend br tbe summer 
Tisitors. There are whole streets of 
" tea and shrimp houses ;" but the 
main dependence of the flahermen is 
on the LoDdoQ maiket. 

Gravesend is the headquarters of the 
Boyol Thames Yacht Club, and yacht- 
ing adds much to the profit of the 
town, and to the pleasure of the 
visitors. The clnb-hooae, on tbe Marine 
Parade, is t, spacioni and attractive 
building. 

Tbe 3W» Pier, 167 ft. long, 40 ft. 
wide, is the chief landing-place for 
tbe London steamers, and on it is a 
ticket ofiBoe or station in connection 
with the London, Tilbmy, and South- 
end Ely. 

The Terrace f ter, 240 ft. long, 30 
ft. wide, ia covered throughout, and has 
■liding ahutters or j<uoa»ie$ at the 
ndes, thus forming an agreeable pro- 
menade in almost any weather. Con- 
nected with it are the terrace gardens. 

BoiherviUe BoUl, Oardene, and 
Pier, 1 m. W., may lie reached by e 
varied and int«reahng, though not very 
clean or fragrant walk by the shore. 
Rosherrille is a place of popular resort, 
formed ont of an abwidjDoed chalk-pit 
The Qardem present. In many re- 
spects, a nnique appearance, the cliffs, 
some of which are ISO ft. high, and the 
natural features having be^ skilfully 
taken advantage of. I^y are exceed- 
ingly pretty, and will repay n dRil, 



but it should be in the morning. On 
the E. side of tbe town is the Fort, 
and the basin of the old Tbamee and 
Medway canal. Here, too, are bathing 
machines and bathing establishments, 
Clifton Baths on the W ., and the Albion 
Baths at UiKon on the E. 

From Gravesend there are easy walks 
or rides to Springhead, now perhaps 
the most populai resort of summer 
visitors, noted for watercresses, fruit, 
and light refreshments. OMam, 5 m. 
B. hj B., with CoMom HoU and CK ; 
etuTs ma, 4 m. S.E. ; Bkone CAtnvA. 
S m. E.S.E,, which may be visited 
along with Gad's Hill; and Chdik 
ChturA, 2 m. E. (see SoAttter'). 

Great Baddow, see Chdnuford. 

Gbkat BABsnzLD, see Durtmoa, 
Qrtat. 

Gbeat Bahton, see Bvry Bt. Ed- 
mund'f. 

Gbeat OHALDnsLS, lee Mdhthtaa. 

Obut Cozwell, see Faringdtm. 

Gbeat Bubht'ohd, see SalMury. 

Gbeatbam, see Bartlmml. 

Grbat Malvebn, see JifaZrem. 

Grkat IffONOEHAH, loe ZkoL 

Gbeat Shklfobd, see Cambridge, 

Gbbat Staditobth, see Settle. 

Gbeat WAuniaHAii, see Waiting- 

Grkat Wilbrahak, see Cambridge. 

GsBKiraTKAj), see Chipping Ongar. 

Cireenwicll (Kent). Trains 
every 20 min. from Charin^-cross, 
Cannon-street, and London Bridge 
Stats. Also every 15 min. ftom Fen- 
chnroh-atreet, BfdMillwall Jnnc. Pas- 
sengers by this rente chss the Thames 
by the Potter's Ferry steamboat (with- 
in 300 yds. of the new Iforth Green- 
wich ^tion). Steuners ply from 
Westminster Bridge every hdf-hour. 
The distance by rail f^om Chaiing- 

Ship H., west of the hospital and close 
to landing-stage : TrafalgBi H. ; Yacht 
H. ; Crown and Sceptre. The Danish 
army was encamped, 1 01 1-11, at Green- 
wich, about the high but sheltered 
groand E. of tbe town and perk, knows 
ea E. and West Combe. Oreenwit^ ap- 
pears to have been a royal residence as 
early as 1300. Henry Vui. was bom 
here June 2Sth, 1491. At tbe Restora- 



193 



. GREENWICH. 



tioD, the palace had fallen into enoh 
diBrepair, Uiat it was decided to poll it 
rfown and erect a new one, and even- 
toall; one wing — tbe W. wing of the 
pteeenthospit^— WMflniahed, but no- 
thing foTthet was done. Queen Maiy 
conceived tbe idea of completing the 
bmldine as a hospital for disabled neo- 
men. Before, boweTer, an; practical 
steps weK taken to carry out the project, 
tbe qoeen died, Deoember 281b, 1694, 
and William at once detenuEned that 
the hospital sbonld be completed as a 
memonal of her publio and private 
virtoee. Wten was appointed archi- 
tect, and the Snt atone was laid June 
30th, 1B96; and tbe hospital was 
opened Jannary, 1705. The pavi- 
lions at the exttemitieB of tbe terrace, 
and the Infirmarr, were added in the 
reign of George UI. 

The "Hcepital," in its con^leted 
fono, comprisee four distinct blocks of 
buildingB, on a taised lerraoe, SG5 ft 
long. The two blocka neftreat tbe 
river, known respectively as King 
Cbarlea' and Queen Anne's bmtdinga, 
stood on either side :tf the Great Square, 
270 ft. wide; the two blocks 8. of 
them are King William's and Queen 
Hary's buildings. The seamen for 
whom the great work was erected 
have departed, and their pUce is occu' 
pied by the %yjaX Naval CollecB. 

The Painted Sail, originaUy in- 
" i for tbe hospital Eefectocy, " 



itself is a magniflcent and admirably 
proportioned room, 106 ft long, 56 ft. 
vdde, andSOfLhigh. It is approached 
by a noble vestibule, open to one of 
tbe lofty cupolas. Beyond it is a 
raised apartment, the Upper Hall. 
The waUs and ceilings of all were 
painted bj^ Sir James Thcanlr'" 
The collection of paintings is exl 
sive and valuable. As works of art, 
some of them are of small account ; 
but few are without intei««t for tbe 
person ot subject represented. There 
are repKsentationa of a large pro- 
portion of oar biaveat admirals, and 
mi^ of our most &moas sea-fights. 

The N^»on Boom contains tbe por- 
trait of Nelson by Aljbot, like 



fiithfol and cbaraoleristic tikenew ex- 
tant 

Queen Anne's building has been 
fitted np as a NamU Museam, open 
to the public. It occupies seventeen 
rooms, and is bj; far the finest and 
most comprohenaive collection of the 
kind ever seen in this ooautry. 

The Infirmary, immediately W. of 
the bospibi], was assigned lo the Sea- 
men's Hospital Society, and was op^ied 
in 1870 as a Free Hotpital/or Seamen 
of AU Natiom. 

The Queen's House, in the Park, 
behind Greenwich Hospital, forms 
the centre of the Ihyal Navai Sdiool. 
The handsome stone building on the 
W., with the Admiralty arms in front, 
is a capacious Gymnaiium, erected in 
1S72-73, &om tbe designa of Colonel 
Clarke. 

Qre^meiiit Park (ISO acres) was en- 
closed b; Hompbrey Duke of Gloucee- 
ter in 143S; the wall round it was 
built by James I. In its present form 
it is tbe work of Charles II. It is 
one of the most popular of our open 
air places of resort, and on a fine 
holiday is really a remarkable spec- 

The Soyai Obtenatorg was founded 
by Charles IL in 1G75. Flamsteed, 
tbe first Astronomer-Boyal, remained 
at the head of the Observatoly for 43 



by the aasociations o 
It is a place of various, aystematio, and 
unceasing obsurvatioi], record, and 
reduction of astronomical, magnetic 
and meteorok^od phenomena. On 
S. side of tbe Park is Blaekltealh. 

In Greenwich parish Ch. (St. Al- 
phege), obeerve picture on the S. wall 
of Charles I. at his devotions; on tbe 
E. wall, portraits of Queen Anne and 
George I. ; and on the N. wall a 
rcpresentalJon of the tomb of Queen 
EUzabetb. Hen. VHI. was baptised, 
and Gen. Wolfe, conqueror of Quebec, 
was buried here. 

One or two of the almshouses in 
tbe town on also notewortl^. Queen 
JSSiad>eth'g College, in the Greenwich- 
road, nearly oppo^te the railw» sta- 
tion, was founded (1574) by Williain 
l«inbarde, and is said to have beeu 



ORIMBBr— GUILDFORD. 



tbe flrat founded after the BetbmialiotL I 

Narfalk CoOege or Trinitij Honpilal, & 
brick quadTsng:1e, by the river dde, E. 
of Greenwich Hospilal, vaa founded, 
1G13, by Heurj Howard, Earl of North- 
amplon. 

Grebfobd, bob Wrexlutm. 

GiiES8ENHAi,L, HOfi Dereham. 

Gbeta Bbidcb, gee Bamard CiuOe. 

GnEWBLTHORFE, 9ee Bipon. 

Crrimfthy, C<re»t (Lincoln.) 
— Btat, G. N. and Mane. Sheff. A 
Lincoln Bljs. ilnat: The Yar- 
borough, ••Eoyal.near the Docks rttil- 
way atetion ; Ship ; White Hart) — lies 
at the mouth of the Hninber, about 
7 m. irom the sea, with a deep roadstead 
in fiunt. having exeeUent anchorage. 
The formation of extemdvc docks, and 
the connection by ntilwaya with every 
important diBtrict in Great Britain, 
has revived the port, and lande the 
town a place of ranch imparlance. 
The first stone of the new doohs was 
laid by Prince Albert in 1819, and 
the docks were opened in 1852. Her 
Majesty viaited the town on l*th of 
October, 18S4, and named the largest 
dock (about 30 acres in extent) "The 
Royal Dock." Tliere is also a fish- 
craJt dock of 12 acres. A lidal-bssin 
in front of the locks, containing abont 
15 acres, acoommodates the river omft. 
The locks are opened and closed by 
hydraulic maohJnery contained iu a 
tower 309 ft. Uiglt. The fishing trade 
is of great imponanee. 

St. Jameft €%. is a fine old bnilding 
(originally monastic). 

In one of the apacions rooms of the 
Royal Hotel, the Exchange was opened 
for the transaction of buMness in 1S66. 
The principsJ Englisb and Foreign 
newspapers will be found there. 

The Theatre Royal, in Victoria-street 
North, ia a well-fitted building. 

OleeUionet, on the coast E. (} hr. by 
raO), has Become a wataring-plaoe of 
great popalarity. Jnnt: Dolphin 
Hotel : Oljff Hotel ; Leeds Arms ; 
Cross Keys. 

At MarOttMpel, 10} m. S.E. from 
Grimsby, is an interesting Ch., with 
beautiful oak screen, font, Ac 

Ci-rllMtead, £ast (Sussex). 
Stat., L. B. ft S. C. BIy. Inn* : Dorset 



Castle, at Forest-row. This town con- 
tains several old-timbered houses, as 
well na some bandsome new ones, the 
neighbourhood having a high^repnta- 
tinn for beauty and sslubrity. The 
Chnnh, standing on a lofty ridge, serree 
as a landmark to the minonndiug 
country. BadcmUe OMegt, near the 
church, was fbanded in 161)9 by Bobert 
Seckville, 2nd Earl of Dorset, for the 
maintenance of a certain number of 






It B 



high ground, and commands noble 
views tovrards Aahdown Forest A 
public hall, billiard and readin^rooms 
have been recently erected in the 
town. Abont 3 m. 6.E., and near 
Fmetl-TBa Slation, are the remaing 
of BramiAetyB Hmue, temp. James L, 
of no great interest, but the scenery 
of the volley in which they stand u 
attractive. 

Gbost, see Eirby Sluxloe and 
Leieeiter, 

Gbookbiudge, see Ttmbridge WdU. 

Ghobuont OAffTLs, Bee JBbnmoutt. 

OBUNSiBBCBaH, SBC Wbodbridgt. 

Ciulldford (Burrey)— St^.,L. 
& S.W. Bly., 30i m. from London; 
42f m. by 8. E. Bly. vid Bedhill Juno. : 
also StaL L. B. A B. C. Bly., SO min. 
from Horebam; abont If hr, by rail 
from Wincheetra ; 2f hrs. from Soath- 
amplon ; 2) hrs. from Portsmouth. 
Innt: 'White Hart; 'White Uon; 
Angel — is the county town, and lies 
mamly on the E. ban^ of the Way ; " a 
fine neat old town," consisting prind- 

elly of one main street, running from 
to W. np a steep hill. The objects 
of special interest in the town are (a) 
the Caitle, rising oonspicuously from a 
high mound to a heigbt of TO it. The 
Keep (not now open to visitors) i* 
Norm., ciro. 1150. The best general 
view of it is from the bowling'^reeii at 
the back of the Com Exchange, in 
High-street, but a closer inspection 
of the ruins, whioh are very interest- 
ing, may be made from a raised walk 
beyond the keep mound, on the 8. side. 
(t) Arehbp. AMoPi Ho^tal, standing 
near the head, and on the TS. side of 
High-street, fonnded 1619. Obserre 
especially Dming-ioom, with portraila 



GVI8S0B0U0H—BADD0N BALL. 



ol WyoliK and ottiera, Bud the ver; 
inteiestiDK and ancieot fitained glass 
windoiTB ID the chapel. On oppoaile 
aide of the toad ia Holy Trinity Ckiirch, 
worth vildtiug for llie raomiments it 
coutaina. (c) St. Xari/'s Church, Quat- 
ly-street (restored 1836), is Ml of 
interest. In the chapel of St. John 
the Baptist, on the N. side of the 
chancel, are some very curious painted 
medallione. (d) The Guildhall, in 
centre of High-atreet, containa poi- 
traita of Chailes II. and Jamea II., b; 
Ldy; also of " Speaker Onalow," and 
Vice-Adioiral Sir B. Onslow. Id the 
oonncil-cliBmber over the Hall is a 
cmioosohiiimey-piece. The Grammar 
School, which dates from time of Henry 
Vni., ia at the extreme upper end of 
Hich-etieet. Frooeeding from the tewD 
to FarTiluim, 10 m., a totv picturesque 
Tonfe, the tourist ma; cither at once 
climb t^ Hog's Bade, or, which is per- 
haps preferable, he may proceed to 
LiKdey, 2 m. RW. (demesne of C. M. 
Ho^ncDX, Esq., a very good example 
of £. Eliz. Diansion) ; the Park, not 
the hotiae, is open to the public ; thence. 
1 m. W., to the very interesting cbutch 
at CotMiton ; thence, Ihiongh a auccea- 
sian of lauea and commou to Puliea- 
ham, where the tourist will emerge ou 
the Hog's Back, G m. from Famham. 

It ia a moat enjoyable exclusion, 
Kther by carriage or on fbot, from 
Guildford to Leath^rhead, abont 11 
to. ; thenoe to Box Hill, S m. (lunch 
here at Burford Bridge Hotel), and 
1 m. beyond to Dorking ; from here 
about 7 m. to Beigate. Hence the 
ton rial can continue direct S. to 
Brighton, or return to London by lail. 

GmLSFiELii, see WeUhpool. 

dulsborourh (York.), Stat.. 
N.B.HIy., branch from MiidiHeitoroKo/i. 
Inn: Buck (tolerable). Here are the 
interesting remains of nn AuguatiniaD 
Priory, founded ciro. 1119. The heat 
view of them ia from meadow at back 
of the Church. The E. end ia the 
principal relic In the Parish Church 
(mnch harboriaed) under W. tower, ob- 
ferre an altar-tonihi probably a ceno- 
taph of Boberl Qrqc^, Eiqg of Scot- 
land, and ^t the W: end. the hll-lengtb 
pffigy of a king, crowned, holding a 



aceptre in one'hand, and the arms of 
Scotland in the other. Ezcuriitmf to 
SalSmm (ace) via the Spa (now dis- 
Tiaed) and Skelton, S m. ; to Eildale 
and Stokesley (aee WhiS^); to Eaton 
Nab (see Bedcar). To Rm^ieTry 
To^ng (1067 ft.), the anmmit 1 m. 
Irom TUlage of Newton, and 3 from 
Guisboro' (see Whitby). 

GuHFHESTON, BBO Teuby. 

GuMTON, aee Cromer and LmBcaioft. 

Gdhwaixoe, see Helsioit. 

Gtjbsabd's Head, aee Pettaamie, 

GwiTHEKiN, see Abergele. 

Gyhn, see Blajili'pool. 

Hjichpai-l, see Eipon. 

Haokness, aee Scarborough. 

Huddon Hall (Derby.), 2 m. 
from Bakowell Stat. ; and 1} m. from 
Rowaley Stat ; Midi. BIt. Thisaplen- 
did old seat of the Duke of Rutland 
ia one of the finest specimens of baronial 
dwellings of the ISth and 16th cents. 
It is not inhabited, hut is in perfect 
preservation. Apply at keeper's bouse 
close to the gate. The following are 
the chief objecta of interest as shown : 
courtyard, and on one aide the Cliap' 
laiu'a Soora, with jackboota and other 
relics of the civil war. The Chapel 
in the S.W, angle bos painted gtasa ; 
subject Cmoifixion ; date 1427. The 
Great HaU, with data and music 
gallery, and a Bomau altar in the 
poreh. Notice the antler decorations, 
and the curious apparatus for punish- 
ing the churlish drinker. Small 
Dining-room, with oak panelling, and 
heads, in rcliei; of Hcuir VII., Eliza- 
beth of York, and Will Somers, the 
jester. The anna over the fireplace 
are of Sir 6. Vernon, " King of the 
Peak," and laat of the male line, 1545. 
In the EarVa Bedckaraher ia a repre- 
aentation, in tapestry, of a boar hunt 
(16th cant.). Ion? Gatkry (date 
Elizabeth), the bow window of which 
hii.a the Rutland shield of twenty-five 
quarterings. Notice the boar's head 
of Vernon, and the peacock of Man- 
ners ; the Terrace and doorway, from 
which the fair heiress, Dorothj' Vei^ 
non, eloped on a ball night with Sir 
J. Manners. The State-room has a 
chimney-piece, with Orpheus charming 
the bea^ in stocoo. In another 



HADLEIQE—SAIL8BAM. 



193 



room is OoboUn tapeatry. Notiae on 
the N. g&tewa; (ISth cent.) bd iostra- 
meiii for etretehing oroBsbowB. Ths 
riew from the bridge over the Wye ia 
one of the moat cWming in Derby- 
ahiie. (See also Shegield — EnyiioiiB.) 

Hadlbiob (Eaaei), see 8<mt}iead. 

HadlellTli (SatTolk). Btat.. Gt. 
E. Rly. (passengers cliaoge at Bent- 
ley). This town n&s one of the ancient 
centres of the woollen trade (now de- 
fonot) in Suffolk. The villages of Ker- 
»ey (3 nu where there is a, good late 
'Deo. church) and Lirtdtey (i m. N.), 
have, it is said, given their names to the 
iabrioB known bs " t ereeys " and " Lnd- 
eey-wools^." The Ch.ua fine btiild- 
ine, chiefly Perp., with soma Dec 
and E.-E. portions. The original B. 
doora remain, and are worth notice. 
Adjoining Uie ch.-yd. is the so-called 
lieBiory Tower, built of Iwiok, by 
William PykenhiuD, rector, 1495. It 
is in fact a gatehoase, flsnted by 
hexagonal turrets. San Court, near 
Hadlaigh Bridge, is a honse appa- 
Tently of the 16th cent. In High- 
street, a house called " the Mayors." 
with Tndor portions, and some ^ures 
in "pargetting" in a oontt at the 
back, ia worth notioe. The GnUd- 
ball is of the 15th cent. 

5 m. iram Hadleigh and } m. from 
Cbpel station ia LitOe WerJuaa. The 
HM, a square building of brick and 
flint, one of the earliest speiMmenH of 
domestic arohiteetnre remaining '~ 
this country, is piotuiesqae and 
rious, and well deserves a visit. Farts 
of it date &om about 1260. As an 
early example of the use of briok, 
probably Flemish, this hall is remark- 
able. IMOt Wenkam Ch. is E. E., 
same date evidently as the hall, and 
with very sinular work, Saydon Ch. 
(station 3j m. ft«m Hadleigh), E. 
Deo., and good. The window tracery 
deserves notice. 

The Ch. of Slok^^NayUmd (6J m. 
S. of Hadleigh) is large and of Perp. 
character. The tower, one of the fineat 
in the county, deserves especial 
tico. The W. doorway ia very rich, 
luid (be panelling of plinth and bat- 
tlement excellent and characteristic. 
The font is very good, and in one of 



the chancel chapels, enclosed by 

n-worfc, are monuments for the 

»ives of John Howard, Duke of 
Norfolk, who fell at Bosworth. Be- 
tween Btoke-by-Nayland and Shelly 
stands Giffar^i HaU, a f ne old resi- 
dence, of the age of Henry VIII, 
(1538), of red brick. 

At Boxford Ch. (chiefly Perp. and 
fine), 3 m. 8.W. of Hadleigh, is a very 
rich S. porch. eUborately panelled; 
and on the N. side, an interesting 
porch of Dec. woodwork. 

EiDLBT, see Bamet. 

Hadzob, aee Worctiter. 

Hatod, see Aberyiiwilh, 

HAiLErBiTRT, See AmiaeU. 

ITallMtaam (Sussex). Stat, L. 
B. & 8. C. Bly. (branch from Polegate 
Junction). Innt: George; Ciown. 
This is a thriving town, with one of 
the largest cattle-niarketa in Sussex. 
The Ch. is of some interest ; He pin- 
nacled Perp. tower ia of the Devon- 
shire type. At Olliam, in the B. port 
of the parish, is a small chapel of 
early Dec. character, now used as a 

The remains of MiiAeOam Priory, 
2 m. W. of the town, are important 
and interesting. The buildings, now 

converted into a farmhouse, tbnued a 
spacious qnadrougle, and are sur- 
rounded by a broad moat. The enclo- 
sure ia entered through a square gate- 
way tower of three storeya. Of other 
remains, the most important are a 
crypt,. now used aa a dairy, and an 
ancient apartment above it The old 
priory mill stands without the moat 

Huritmoneeax CaaOe is dlatont fh>m 
Hailaham 4) m. by road, and 3 m. by 
footpath across Uie meadows ; but 
the way from Pevenaej, Siough 1 m. 
longer, is to be preferred, as by &r the 
finest view is obiained by approaching 
the castle from the 8. by a footpath, 
which leaves the Pevensey-road near 
a lone honse before yon ascend tho 
hill to Wartling, 

The present castle was built temp. 
Hen. VI. It was entirely of bri(£, 
and probably the largest poet-Rom. 
bnildmg of tiiat material in England. 
The shell of the castle stilt remains, a 
very interesting and moat pictureeqm 



19C 



BA LEaWOBTB— HALIFAX. 



Bpecimeu of tbe half fortrees, half 
mansion of the latter daja of feu- 
ilulism. 

The main gateway, e TSty flue ose, 
ia Id the S. front. The fiankiag 
loweTB are S4 ft. high, and are capped 
b; watch turrets, from which the sea 
IB ™ible. The walls, particnlnrly the 
N., are thiokljoovered with ivy, linelj 
contrasting the redcolaui of the brick. 
Bemark especially tlie great trunks of 
the ivy in what was tbe dining-room. 
The inner courts an mrpeted with a 
bright green turf, and luzel btisbes 
have sprung up here and thei'e be- 
tween the walla The " Green Court" 
is the firat entered: and beyond this 
was the great hall, wbicb bad a 
central fireplace. The kitchen, like 
the ball, was of great height, ami had 
DO upper storey. The great oven of 
the bi^ehouse, 11 ft. in diameter, is 
worth notice. A row of grand ijpanish 
chestnuts, W. of the moat, are of great 
antiquity. Tlie visiter should make 
the cireuit of the castle without the 
walla as far as poseible. The exterior 
of the W. and E. sides is especially 
sbiking. 

The modem Hantmonceuz Flaee, 
above tbe castle, is the properly of 
H. M. Curlel^ Esq. 

HuTttmonceax Ch. stands on high 
ground, commanding distant views of 
Baachy Head. It is maitily E, E. 
Under the great obarchyard-yew is a 
cluster of tomb crosses, to the memory 
of Archdeacon Hare and other mem- 
bers of his family, which alone would 
give interest to the spot 

From Hurstmonceui the t( 
may descend on the Hastings Rly, 
al Perensey Slat,, 5 m,, and visit the 
casUe there (see Peveniey). 
Halbebton, see Tiv&rUm. 
Haleitwortll (Suffolk).— Stat. 
Gt. E. Ely.— an old town, with somt 
antique houses. The Ch. has a fine 
Perp. font and a brass, half efflgy. 
date 1476. 2 m. distant, on the road 
to Dareham, is BramlUid Ch., early 
Dec., with a circular bell-tower. No- 
tice especially tbe chancel screen and 
the very quaint ioscriptions on n -- 



(Lord Huntingfield), built 1777, one 

of the finest bouses in one of the 

best parks in tlie county. Louieitcft 

distiint 17 m. by railway. 

HttllfilX (Yorka.). Stat.. Gt 

N. and L. & Y, Elys. /«jm; 'Whita 

Swan; Eailway Hotel. Hali&i tanks 

third in importunce among the " ctoth- 

' towns of the West Biding, the 

which take place before it being 

Leedn and Bradford. It stands on a 

very steephill overlooking the Hebble, 

all stream fiowing into the Colder, 

lower down. 

je existing Pariah Ch. is for the 
most pert Pcrp., c 1447, bnt retains 
portions of two earlier charclies. 

In the lower part of tbe town is tbe 

Cloth or Piece hall, built 1780. It is 

simple slone building, but imposing 

from ita great size. The clothiers ana 

merchants formerly met here every 



turers now carry their goods to the 
great mart of the district — BradfonL 

The Toon Sfdl, which may be visi- 
ted in pasadDg ttuuugh the town to- 
ward All Souls Cb,, was campletod in 
lStl2, at a cost of about 25,0001., liom 
tbe designs of jSir C. Barry, and his 
son, E. M. Barry. It ia a building of 
Palladian arehitecture, picturesque, 
and striking from the use of gilt and 
burnished metal on its exterior; bnt 
being closely surrounded by other 
buildings, it is seen to little advant- 
age. 

The CSurcA ofAU BouU, Haley Sill, 
is widely celebrated, not only at) 
one of the best and most elabomte of 
the many chnrcliea of which Sir O. G, 
Seolt is the architect, but also as one 
of the most noble gifts of modem 
times, it having been built at the sole 
coat of Bdw. Akroyd, Esq., who has 
also provided the endowment. The 
cost of the whole building, as it now 
stands, is said to have been 70.0001. 
On the way to tlie chureh, the North 
Bridge, a lofty viaduct of six arches, 
iacriMsed, 

The plan of tbe church comprises 
nave, with aisles tertainating eastward 
in transepts ; chancel with N. and S. 
I chapels ; and tower and spire at thu 



BALIFAX-^HALSTEAD. 



m 



N.W. angle of the nave. The strle is 
earl; Deo. (Geoiootrical). 

On antennfn, the viaitor is nt once 
struck t^ its extreme ricboew and 
beauty. Tile arcade dividing the 
nave from its aisles is espmiall; 
flne. A clcrestoiy of fifteen lights, 
with a contiDuoiiB intornal iircade, car- 
ried en shafts of Derbjshiie marhle, 
runs above. The bftptfBtery of black 
Derbyshire marble oleo deserves atten- 

Tu'eBT All Souts Church is Ban^JUld, 
the residence of Edward Akroyd, Esq., 
and nearly opposite is the vwr- 
tted manitfiKioTj/ of tlie same pro- 
prietor. This is not to be seen with- 
unt a special order or introdnctioD, 
but will unply repay a Tisit. About 
1000 handa are employed. Messrs. 
Honldswortb'B mills for noollens nre 
on even a larger scale. Messrs, Cross- 
ley's, at Dean Clough (the targeet 
mills in the place, employini; more 
than KOOO bands), is a great carpet 
manufiiciory. 

The Mtueum, iu HarriEon-roed, con- 
tains soma local relics aud antiquities 
of interest. 

Id a court opening from Gil-bel-tane, 
OD tbe W. side of tlie toon, the raised 
platform of stones, about 8 ft. by e ft. 
(witb steps leading up to it), on which 
the famous Halifax Oi'bbk formerly 
stood, is still in existence. Tbe whole 
is now grass grown, and the walla of 
the ooiirt are coveied with ivy; but 
more tlion fifty persons were beheaded 
here between 1541, wben the gibbet 
was first erected, and IGSO. when the 
last execution took place. The Manor 
Court Bouee, in which criminals were 
tried, still remains in Nelson-street, 
near tlie parish chnrcli. 

At tlieliead of the town iBUPeopltft 
Part, laid out by Sir Joseph Paxton, 
atid given to Ualifox by the late Sir 
Fntncis Ciossley, M.P. 

Tlie brancli line from Leeds and 
Bradford, passing down the valley of 
the Hebble, connects Hali&z with tbe 
station of Sowerby Bridge, on the Iao- 
cashire and Yorkshire Railway. 

The high road liom Sowerby Bridge 
to Bocbdale. in Lancashire, crosses 
Bla^itone Edge, a portion of tbe hill 



chain running from Weatmorlsad iuhi 
Derbyshire. 

At Sowerhv Bridge we enter the 
vale of tbe balder. Hie valley be- 
comes more picturesque as we approach 
Hebdeu Bridge : and thence to Tod- 
mordini presents a most remarkable 
mixture of wild mountainons scenery, 
with the works and dense popnIatioD 
of a manufacturing district. 

The Holme VaUeij, branching N. 
Irom Todmorden to Burnley, is espe- 
cially picturesigue, and is free !xo\a 
tbe contamination of manufactnrisg 
chimneys. 

Todmordenvi a manafacturingtown, 
situated on the Bocbdale Canal, which 
hence accompanies the Colder river 
as far as Sowerby Bridge. It cootains 
many flourishing cotton and woollen 
mills. 

HALtiFOBD, see Shepperfon and 
Thamei. 

HALLSANlig, see Darimoutli. 

Hallvbtone, see Roaihnry. 

Halsall, see Onatkirk. 

BCaUtead (Essex). Stat., Gt. 
E. Ely. Ina: Geor£e. Three large 
silk and crape mills here, belonging 
to MesHFB. Conrtauld 4 Co., employ 
about ISOO persons. EarVi Colne, or 
Oreal Honk's Colne (station). * m., is 
an ancient town on the right bank of 
the Colne. Tbe manor belonged to 
the De Veres, Barli of Oxford (whence 
its name), until 1583, The handsome 
modem mansion of H. N. Carwardine, 
Esq., occupies the site of the Bene- 
dictine Fnory. founded by Alberic, 
or Aubrey, the progenitor of the De 
Veres, before 1100, as a cell to the 
great house of Benedictines at Abing- 
don. It was long the principal burial- 
place of its founders. The Priory 
was destroyed at tbe Dissolution, and 
of their monuments J only were pre- 
served by being removed into tbe 
Parish Ch. of St. Andrew. Thej are 
now arranged in a cloister attached 
to the garden of tbe former priory. 

21 m. S.W. of Halatead is Goffield 
HaU, originally built in the reign of 
Henry VII. The Queen's Gallery (so 
named from Qncen Elizabeth's visits), 
on the W. side, and first floor, is 
loe ft. long, by 12 ft. wide. This 



m 



HAMPSTEAD— HAMPTON. 



side alono is origioal; the reat vaa 
rebnilt about 1705. 

2 m. N. of HalBtead is the C^ of 
liittle M<HileUead, the latest and 
imallest of the four extant English 
Bound Churches. The W. door of 
the navo (temp. Edw. I.) is especialiy 

fxid iu its mooldijtgB and details, 
he whole ch. van restored in 1852. 

HtiJ TKtn (Kent), see Ckiilehurit. 

Haubleton Hills, see Think. 

Hahhill, se« YeoviL 

■Tampstead (MiddiA The 
N, London and Hampgteud Junction 
BIt. has stations at the Lower Hoatb, 
and in the Finchley-roitd ; Itie Hid- 
laod Bly, at Finchlev-road, West End, 
and CMld'a-hill. Innt :\ The Castle 
(best known as Jack Straw's Castie), 
on the summit of tho hill, aa ex- 
cellent house ; The Vale of Health 
Hotel, in the hoUow lo the E, ; The 
Spaniards, bj the lane leodiDg to 
lUghgate; and The Bull and Bush, 
KorthEnd. 

Hampstead. &mou8 for i(a Heath, 

ri air, and fine sceaeiy, lies N. by 
of London, on the outer edge of 
the Metropolitan boundary, and BtimdB 
on one ot uie highest hills lound Lon- 
don. The town occupies its southern 
dopes, the Heath its summit, 443 ft. 
abOTe the sea level. The copious 
springs, for which the place has long 
been noted, issue from me sides of the 
hill, and in the course of ages have 
formed the series of direrging chines, 
ot narrow valleys, which add so much 
to the charm and variety of " 
scenery. Some of these springs 
chalybeate, the most celebrated of 
this class beii^ that known as the 
Wells. Towards the close of the llOi 
cent thoy became noted for their 
medicinal qualities, and at the be- 
ginning of the 18th cent, leapt into 
sadden popularity. Crowds nocked 
to Hampstead, which became " the 
TMort of the wealthy, the idle, and 
the sickly." ''Houses of entertain- 
ment and disalHtion started up on alt 
sides." The Weill, the old^ and 
long the chief house of entertainment, 
stood on the Hill aide B, of the vil- 
lage, at the comer of the WeU Walk, 
which leads &om Flask Walk to the 



East Heath. The site is marked by 
the present Wells Tavern, a very 
modem stractuie, with its gronnds or 
tea-gardens. The springs on the B. 
ate the sources of the Hampsletul 
Ponds, and of the Fleet Biver; that 
the W., near the ch,, is the source 
the Bayswater Stream ; one birther 
N., behiw the flagstaff fomis the Leg 
of Mutton Pond; and others, still 
farther round to the N,, are among 
the head-waters of the Brent. 

Hampatead is the most sylvan of 
suburban villagee. The groves and 
vennce are still llourisniiig; eape> 
daily delightful ate those about 
Frognal, Montague Grove, the Grove, 
and moat of all that best known as 
Judge's Walk, with its grand pros- 
pect oTet Hcndon and H^ts, Harrow 
(hill and spire), and from the extreme 
end, Windsor Castle and Cooper's 
Hill. 

Hampitead Heath (about 240 acres) 
is an elevated, sandy tract, occnpying 
the Bununit and northern slopes of 
Hampetead Hill. It is irregular in 
shape, the surface much broken, 
and many of the deeper valleys have 
ponds, some, like Leg of Mutton Pond 
on !the N.W., and those by the Vale 
of Health and the Lower Heath, of 
oonsiderahle size. From tho higher 
puts are views of great extent, the 
W. view, with Hairow in the beck- 
ground, bemg, perhaps, the most pic- 

KStum, 1 J m. S.W., of old a hamlet 
of Hampatesd parish, is now a popn- 
!ouB suburb of London (station 3 m. 
tmm Euaton-square, next to WiUcsden 
Junction). 

Wetl End is an outlying member of 
Hampstead, about } m. W. of tho 
mother oh. 

North Eitd and Bovtlt End aie, as 
the names imply, sitnated some dis- 
tance N. and S. from the village. 
Frognal is the western side of Hamp- 
stesd village. 



B. W. Bl;., 14j m. &am London. 
The village is situated on the Thames, 
IS m. W. of Loudon, and 1 m. from 
Hampton Oomt and Boshqi Park. 



BAiSPTON—BAliPTOS COURT. 



Inns: The Bed Lion, in the centre of 
the village ; Bell, bj the oh,, in 
&TOur with anglers; Bailway Hotel, 
by the station. (See alao Tkamei 

Oturiek Villa, as it JB now called, 
bnt which, whilst the great actor occn- 
pied it, was known as HampUm Hoate, 
Btands a httla E. of the cIl, on banks 
of the Thames, Garrick Ipntohased 
the estate in 17S4, and made it hia 
oountcT seat till his death in January, 
1779. It oontinned to be the resi- 
dence of Mrs. Garrick for 43 years 
«fter her husband's death, and during 
that time it remained, with its con- 
tents, intact On her death, in 1822, 
the contents were sold bj auction, and 
dispersed. 

The larcie white-brick buUdings 
jnat beyond the village are the pnmp- 
ing worln^ and beyond these are the 
filtering beds, of tbe Grand Junction, 
Oie West Middleaex, and the South- 
wark and Vamhall Waterworks Com- 
panies, for supplying London with 

Hampton may be considered the 
headqnartera of the Thames Angling 
Preservation Society, and here and a 
little higher up, on the Bmrey side, 
are the ^ponds and streamlets made 
by the Thames Conservancy, and 
maintained by the Society, for batch- 
ing and rearmg fiah ota — chiefly sal- 
mon, grayling, and trout 

Hampton Itacei, one of the most 
popular of the " suburban gatherings," 
are held in June, on Moleiey Hunt, 
exactly opposite Hampton Ch., on the 
Surrey side of the Thames. Tlioro is 
a feiry from Hampton to Molesey 
Hurst, and a bridge from Hampton 
Conrt to East Molesey. 

NetB Hampton, on the N. extremity 
of the parish, by Hampton Hill and 
the Hanworth road, has grown within 
the last few years into a considerable 
Tillage. 

Hifunpton Court (Middi.). 
The L. ft a W. Ely. Slat, for Hamp- 
ton Court is at East Molesey, on the 
opposite side of tlie Thames, but 
within sight of the Palace. On c 
ii^ the bridge from the station, lie 
mst Gate of Ounpton Court, the best 



approach to the bnildings, is on the 
ri, close to the foot of the bridge. 
Innt: The Milre, by the bridge,* 
King's Anns, by the Lion Gate : and, 
opposite it, the Greyhound, by the 
entrance to Boshey Park, 

"imofoa Court, the palace of Wol- 
md of Henry VHI., then of all 
. . sovereigns in snooesslon, fiom 
Edward VI. to George IL, and now, 
by royal good wilt, a palace &ee to 
the enjoyment of ev^one, stands on 
the 1, bank of the Thames, midway 
between Hampton village and Hampton 
Wide, and 12 m. W. &om Hyde Park. 

The State Apartments and Grounds 

e open free to the pubUc ec«rj| teeek 
day, except Friday, from 10 a.m. to 
6 F.H., from the Ist April to the 
30th September, and from 10 till 1 
b^)m the 1st of October to the 81st of 
Mareh. On 8imday» the State Apart- 
~~ents are not open tiU 2 f.h. 

Since the Palace ceased to be one 
of the royal residences, the private 
apartments have been appropriated as 
dwellings, at the pleasure of ihe sove- 
reign, for memben of noble and dis- 
tinf^shed families. 



Wolsey's {Mdace consisted of S great 
courts, surrounded l^ public and pri- 
vate rooms, and all the adjancts a: 



arohiepisco^l dignity and enjoyment. 
In 1690, William HI. intending to 
make the palace hia (iiief residSiae, 
commissioQed Sir ChtlstMiher Wien 
to erect a new suite of Suite Apart- 
ments. Wren demolished two of Wol- 
Bcy's courts, and remodelled a third, 
and erected the long uniform southern 
and eastern fronts, towards the Thames 
and t)ie gardens. The elevations are 
imposing from their extent, and have 
much simple dignity of character. 
The garden finnt is about 330 ft. 
long, the river front somewhat less. 

The best entrance to the palace is 
by the large gates, at the fbot of 
Hampton Bridge. Leaving the low 
line of cavalry barracks on Uie 1., yon 
obtain from the Oreeo — the outer 
court of the ordinal boilding — an ex- 
cellent view of the W. &ont of Wol- 
sey's palace, periiape the finest and 
most striking examine of Tndor pala- 
tial atchitectuie leil. 



HAMPTON ConST. 



From the Qatebonsa jou enter the 
Wettera (or entrance) Court, a fine 
qnadrangle, 167 ft. bj IGl R, Observe 
here and throughont tbe old build- 
ings, the fine chimney shafti. Directly 
in front ia the tall weBtem ^tehouse, 
with ita handsome oriel. The gf>te- 
way leads to the Middle, or Cluck 
Ckmrl, BO called from the curious old 
clock in the highest store; of tbe 

On the N. side of this court ia tbe 
Qreat HaB, erected by Henry VIII. 
on the site of Wolsey's Hall. It b of 
noble proportions, being lOG ft. long, 
40 ft. wide, and 60 ft. high. Entering 
the hall from under the dark Min- 
Btrela' Gallery, the effect is very 
Btriking. High up, along both eidea 
of the noble room, range vide Tudor 
windows, filled with gaudy heraldic 
emblazoninga ; on the wnlls beneath 
them bang tapestriea, £c ; and over 
all bends tbe grand old open hammer- 
beam loof. Still finer, however, is the 
e^ct iDotdng towaids tbe gellery from 
the dus, 'llie windows furnish a tole- 
rably complete heraldic study of the 
history of the Tudor king, and the 
tapestiy on (he walls beneath repre- 
sents in 8 compartments tbe principal 
events of tbe life of Abraham. 

Beyond the hall is the Withdraaing 
Boom, or Pretenee Chamber. The 
vails are hung with faded tapestries. 
Above them is a aeries of 7 cartoons, 
in roouochtome, by Carlo OCgnani. 

The Chapel is not open to visitois, 
except at tbe Smtday morning ser- 
vioe, but may be seen on application. 
It is small, but oharacteristic, and has 
a good groined roof. 

The entrance to the State Apart- 
Tnmtt is under the colonnade, at the 
8.E. comet of the Clock Court The 
tooaiH vary greatly in size, according 
to the purposes for which they were 
designed, but generally they are good 
and characteristic specimens of the 
palatial architecture of the time. The 
earvingi generally were exeented by 
Orinling Gibbont, or under his dii 



Mng Uiblm 
. Most of 



then 






r upholstery of the __ 

William III., Anne, or George I. ; but 
their chief attraction is the collection 



of pieturei, about 1000 in number, 
contained in them. 

The King'e SlaiTca$e, by which the 
Btate Apartments are reached, is one 
of the best examples left in this 
connlry of the "grand staircase," 
which was so important a feature in 
the palaces of the Louis XIV. era, 
with which this is intended to com- 
pete. Before ascending the stAircase, 
observe the prodigious illastratton of 
the mural decoration of the close of 
the 17th cent. The paintings by 
Verrio are an amazing confusion oif 
mythology and chronology. 

The charming Gardme owe their 
general form to Charles II. They 
were extended and remodoUtd by 
William III. and Queen Mary. The 
grounds have been altered, bat much 
of tbe original formal trimness is re- 
tained. Tbe canal, with its bordering 
avenue of lime trees, three-quarters of 
a mile long, is one of William's de- 
vices. Another is the oval basin with 
its fountain and gold fish. The two 
fronts of Wren's State Apartments are 
seen to great advantage from tbe oval 
basin, and so too, in the opposita direc- 
tion, are tbe three branching avenues 
of which Hampton Court is so proud. 



The ] 






feature. Tbe private garden may be 
seen on application to tbe gardener, 
who expects a small fee. The Vine 
is also to be seen for a trifling pay- 
ment It was planted in 1769, has a 
stem 38 inches in circumference, the 
leading brancii is 110 ft. long, and it 
bears on an average 1500 bunches. 
Tbe Boyal Tennis Conrt, N. of the 
garden front, is reputed one of the 






ontry. 



^Vt it ii 



beyond It leads to the Tl 

pleasant shady retreat of about II 

acres. Nearer tbe Lion Gate is tbe 

JtfozE, the most popular spot in tbe . 

grounds with holiday visittffs and 

children. 

Bu*hey Park lies N. of Hampton 
Court. The S. entrance is directly 
opposite the Lion Gate of Hampton 
Court Gardens; the N., or Toddington 
Gale, is J m. B. of the Teddingtou 
Stat of the L. ft 8. W. Ely. The 



BANLSr—HJHLECH. 



201 



glory of the pari is ils unrivalled 
tdple avenne of limes and horse- 
oliestQtila, over a mile long ; the borse- 
ehestiiuts formingthe centre, the limea 
the aide linea. The flill Bplendour of 
the park is only seen when the horee- 
chestnuts are in tdooin. The Right is 
worth jonnieying ftom Loudon to wit- 

Tbe Lodge, tha large sombre red- 
briok house seen on the I. of tbe 
avenue on approaching Teddiagton 
Gate, is the residence of the ranger. 
Tho park ia always open to tl 

Hambtall Hibwabe, Bee fiujeles. 

Hahbtjrt, Bee TJttoxeter. 
Hanler (Stafill— 8tat. N. Staff. 
HI;. (7niu: Qneen's Hotel, the kkrgest 
in the Staffordshire Potteries ; Sara- 
cen's Head) — is a very busy and dirty 
town, dependent equally on the earthen- 
ware and the iron tmde. Earl Gran- 
ville's largo Uiatfuraacei are close to 
the town. 

Hanwell (Middlesex). Stat. 
G. W. Hly. Inns: King's Anns; 
Duke's Head ; Old Hats, on the road 
to Ealing, — garden and bowling green 
(see Evelyn Ashley's 'Life of Lord 
Falmerslcn,' vol. i. p. 355). The town 
lies on the little river Brent and the 
Uibridgo road, S m, W. from Hyde 
Park Corner, The neighbourhood is 
green and pleasant, genSjr nndnl^ng, 
with tbe Brent, a tiun stream, winding 
through it. 

The Ch. (St Mary) has the tomb of 
Jonas Hanway, who first brought nm- 
brallas intu use- 
On the 1. of the Uxbridge road, 
nearly opposite the ch., but in Nor- 
wood pansb, is tbe County I/aruUii: 
Aeylwn, generally known as Hanwell 
Asylntn, an immense structure. The 
average number of inmates is about 
1750, of whom nearly 1100 are females. 

Happisbtibo, see Waitham. 

Harbebtoh, see Totnet. 

Habbledowm, see Canterbun/. 

Habbornb, see Birmingham. 

Habbottle, see Bolilmry. 

Habdwick Hall, see MamfieH. 

Habswioke Hall, see Darlington. 

HarecMstle (Staif.)-Stat. N. 
Staff. Blf . (Inn : Hareoastle)-^ close 



to the famous tmiiifl made by Brindley 
on tbe Grand I'runk Canal— 2880 
yards long. The scene at the moath 
is extremely picturesque and worth 
tbe lew minutes' walk ^m the station. 
2 m. B. is New Chapel, whore, accord- 
ing to tradition, lived the Haimonious 
Blacksmith of Handei. 

Habbwood, see Harrogate and 
Leedi. 
Harfobs Bridqe, see DaHmoor, 
Hnrleeh (Merioneth.), Slat., 
1 hr. 53 min. by rail &om Caernarvon ; 
3{ hrs. from Xberyatwitb; and inclu- 
ded in L. A N. W. N. Wales New Cir- 
cnlar Tour. Inn»: Castle H.; Blue 
Lion, unpretending and comfortable : 



theten& 



it back c< 



tnda splendid 



views. The chief attroclion of 
this decayed village are the mins of 
the Ciufle — designed (temp. Edw. 1.) 
by tbe architect of Caernarvon Castle. 
Although well worth carefol inspec- 
tion, tbe min lacks the beauty found in 
Conway or Beamnaris, and it is alto- 
gether smaller, ruder, and more simple 
in plan than any of the other Caer- 
narvonshire castles, neither is it bo 
well kept. 

Excurtioai. — To Tan-y-halch, 10 la. 
About 2 m. N. on rt., after passing 
Morfa Harlaoh 1., ia Maee^-NeaaM 
(J. Nanney, Esq.), the grounds of 
which oommaud splendid views over 
tlie Tiaeth and the Snowdon range. 
About I m. to 1. of the high road is 
tbe village of lAanvihangel-ij- Trajan, 
in the ch.-yd. of which observe curious 
rade stona with an inscription of tho 
I2th cent. 6j va. further on, on rt., is 
the glen of the little river Rhydfiich, up 
which a path of 1 m. leada to the 
waterfall of Rhaiadr Du (the Black 
Cataract), a little above which ib tbe 
Baven Fall ; the path, however, being 
difficult to find it is better to visit tbem 
with a guide from Maentwrog, close 
to Tan-j-bwlch. From the falls, the 
tourist may either return to high road, 
and proceed 1 j m. through the lovely 
illaee of Maentwrog to Tan-y-bwlch, 
■ follow a bridle-petli 1. past ilyn Teo- 
yn and the village of lAradecuiyn, 
I Harlech, a district most interesting 
for tbe scenery, as also for tbe fishing 
and geology. A little below the village 



id nnotlicr lake, Llya Itnf, ueu' tbe 
foot of Mount DiphwyB, irom which 
latter ia a splendid view of the pro- 
montory of Lleyn, Bay of Cardigan, 
Oadei Idris and other monatains. At 
Dipleays is a respectable hotel, the 
Queen's; hence the pedeetiian may 
alao make hia way rt. tn the village of 
Trawtfynydd, on the Dolgellcy road. 

To Cam Bychan, 5 m. The ridge 
oC bills immediately behind the town 
must be crossed into the Llanbedr 
road; a road nma straight up the hill, 
OQ eummit of which is a bridle-path 1., 
which isJie, aa it is a short cut into the 
glen of (he Artto, of which Cwm By- 
chan is the Bouroe. A different route, 
longer by 2} m., may be taken by pro- 
ceeding 8. from Harlech 3 m. to vil- 
lage of Llanbedr, whence the rt. bank 
of tbe Artro must be fallowed about 
4) m. to its source in the lake ; at 1 
m. the river is joined by tbe Nant-col ; 
lience tbe road winds by a lovely 
valley at foot of the Bhinag Vawr, to 
DobifTheicidiog, the " rooty meadow," 
a solitary maosion, tbe furthest point 



liraotioable for oara ; a little higher up, 
it concealed by 
, ia Cv 



I abrupt 
the Talloy, ia Cwm Bychan, finely 
situated in a narrow wild glen. Tower- 
ing above it is the precipitous rock 
Crai()-v-)Sae(fi"lherookof tbe arrow," 
a capital landmark for the pedeBtriao. 
To BarmoufftlOm. About J m. 8. is 
the Cmile of Muriau Gwyddelod ; and 
i m. further on ilaty'atr, the Cft. of 
which has some good stained glass. 
About } m. to the rt., close to tbe sea- 
sboie. is the ruined Gh. of Lhrndaimg, 
the interior of which is stllL worth a 
visit. About 1 m. S. of the ch. is a 
tongue of land colled Moehrai, which 
conohologisls shoold visit for the sake 
of tbe rare and beaatiibl sholU to be 
found there ; Mocbras may also be 
conveniently visited by takmg rail to 
Pentam Station, whence it is 1} m. 
distant 1) m. bi^ond Llanfur, on 
tbe banks of tbe Artro, is tbe pretty 
little wood-embosomed village of 
UanbedT, next to Tal-y-llyn tbe best 
flshii^ station in Bterionetli; the 
Victoria here Is 

and better suited . 

exploration of Qlyn Artro and the 



In the village, near tbe road, 
urions pillar stones, and lying 
them a maenhlr of great in- 
terest, inscribed with (^bem cha- 
racters. 1 m. further on, on the flat to 

I rt., are tbe scanty tracea of Gmem- 
„ apel, said to be one of the earliest 
of British churches : on the rising 
ground to tbe 1. of the road is a crom- 
lech ; vrithin the next 2 miles there 
leas than 6 cromlecha, some of 
which are connected with the name of 
Arthur. On the slopes of Llether, 1 m. 
beyond Gwem-y-oapel, is Llaneaddwyn 
Ch., close to Th/ffryn Station, and J m. 
fuitlier on the (A. of Llanddvrmiie, 
opposite which a long Btroigbt lime 
avenue leads to CoreygedU (E. F. 
Coulson, Esq.), tbe old fomily seat of 
tbe Vaughana ; the oldest of tbe dates 
on the house ia 1576, and the ceiling 
of Uie great hall ia said to be not later 
than Hen. VUI.j there is still pre- 
served some furniture of Griffith Van- 
ghan (I61h cent.), including a bed- 
stead taken from one of the wrecked 
Amada squadrons ; tbe gate-bouse is 
said to be a design by Inigo Jones, as 
is also tbe Corsygedol Chapel in the 
parish ch, Noar Llanddwywe the 

3r Ytgeikin flows into the sea, and 

y be followed np for about 3 m. 

Llyn Irddyn. 2 m. above Llyn 
Irddyn is the fine Llyn Bodlyn. situ- 
ated under tbe crags of Diphwys, tbe 
highest point of Uawlech (1900 ft.); 
not far off is the small pool of Llyn 
DuZyn, with good Ashing, and the finest 
of the group with regard to scenery. 
A stDgular and prominent feature iu 
all the see views in this district ia Sam 
Badrig, or SL Patrick's Causeway, a 
narrow ridge of rook and pebble, 24 ft. 
broad, and extending 21 m. from tbe 
shore, of which more than 9 m. are left 
dry at ebb-tide. I^ m. beyond Llan- 
ddwywe, on rt, is the small sea-side 
Ch. of Llanaber, with ils exquisite 
interior; 2 m. further oa, BaTmoulk. 
All the points of interest in the above 
excursion may he conveniently visited 

DWoiwa*.— Tan-y-bwlch by rail, by 
Penrhyn Deudrneth June., 53 min. ; 
PortoMidoo i br. — them is also a 
dangetoiu fury about 2 m. across to a 



IIASLOW—HASROOATE. 



poiat atiout 1 m. below Portnuuioa.' 
the tourist mnst inqnire oboni the 
fide; Criocietli, 40 min.; Pwllheli, 
1 hr. ; Dolgelley, 1 hr. 5 min. ; Aber- 
dovev, 1 br. 10 min. 

Harlow CKbsci), Stat, (f ni.> 
at B. Bly., 6 m. from Bp.'e Stortford. 
Itm: The George. An o!d market 
town. The old FariA Ch. was rebuilt 
in 1709. Some brasBea from tbe older 
febric ars preserved in it. The font 
in St John-* Ch. (bnilt 1839-1842) 
bears an inscription which nay be 
read from eilbeT end. The old manor' 
bonse of Harlow Bury, 1 m. &om the 
ch., was a seat of the Abbots of Bt. 
Edmundsbury. A bam near it was 
the chapel, and contuns some ancient 

2^ m. N.E. ia Doien HaR (Sir 
Henry Belwin-Ibbetson, M.P,), a large 
modem house in a pretty park. ehieSy 
Mmatkable as the dte of the bouse 
bolongin^ to tbe poet and diplomatist 
Matthew Prior. ^ rudely framed 
arm-chaiT, tbe favODiite seat of Prior, 
said to have belonged to an abbot of 
Sacomhe, is preserved in tie hall. 

H&RNHAK. see Sali^mry. 

Harroirate (Yorksh.), 199 m. 
from London, Gt. N. Bly. Tbe rEutway 
station ;iB midway between High and 
Low Harrogate : the former, rt., on 
entering; the latter, 1. Railways to 
York ; to I-eedfl ; by Tadeaster to the 
Gt. N. Stat, at Clmrcb Fenton ; to 
Pateley Bridge ; and by Ripon to North' 
allerton. Inns .- of the first class, are 
(id Bigh Harrogate) the Granby; 
Prince of Wales; Queen; (in Lorn 
Harrogate) tbe Prospect, and the 
Crown. Others, sotaewbat inferior, 
but still good, ate (High Harrogate} 
Boyal; Clarendon; and Gasooigne's; 
(Low Harrogate) White Hart; Well- 
ington ; Binns's ; Adei^dii ; George'; 

Lodgings are to be bad in all direc- 
tions. The season continues from 
the middle of summer to the end of 



Few places are more conveniently 
situated than Hamate, or aflbrd 
many facilities for mteiesting eic 
sions. The land declines E., W., and 
N., from its highest point (near 



railway station). The general oleva- . 
tion is about 300 ft. The climate is 
dry and bracing, owing partly to this 
elevation, and partly to the open cha- 
racter of tba ground, which formerly 
was a wild common. Flantattons have 
been made in various directions, but 
the greater part oC High Harrogate 
stiU remains open ; 200 acres were, by 
Act of Parliament, obltuned m 1770 for 
dividing and enclosing the wasto, re- 
served " to lie for ever open and unen- 
closed." They form a large grass 
plateau, termed tbe " Stray," 8. of the 
railway statiOQ— a first-rate place for 
horse-exercise. The scenery in tbe 
immediate neighbourhood is pleasant 
»ried, though not very piotu- 
, ; and in lEirrogate itself tha 
chin resources are tbe promenades, 
the pnmp-rooms, and the balls given 
occasionally at Uie different hotels. 

The first spa was accidentally dis- 
covered by Sir William Slingaby, abont 
the year 1596, and was the first dis- 
covered in England. Sir William 
caused the spring to be protected ; its 
fiime increased, and many remarkable 
ire recorded ss effected by it 
1632. About 2S springs are 
town, and are available by the 

C' lie. All are solphareoos and chaly- 
te, and nearly all are in Low 
Harrogate. They have been thus 
arranged :— 

1. Strong Sulphur Watert. — The 
Old Well; the Montpellier Stroi^ 
Sulphur Well. 

2. Mild Sulpltw WaUn.—Ol these 
tliere are 17 springs: 13 in Lower 
Harrogate, 1 at Starbeok, 3 at Harlow 

3. Saline Chalybealei.—Ia tbe Hont- 
pollier and the Boyal Cheltenham 

4. Pure Ckal]fimile». — 2 on the Com- 
mon, High Harrogate ; 1 at Starfaeck ; 
1 at Harlow Car. 

The Bulpbureons waters are most 
useful in cases of indigestion, and in 
all biliary nervous disorders, as well 
as in diseases of tbe skin. Tbe cbft' 
lybeates are alterative and bracing. 
None, of course, should be taken with' 
out medical advice. 

The Earloie Car swings, abont 1 m. 



2M 



BABUOGATt: ■ 



W. of HBTTOgate, amid pleaSEuit wood- 
land Bceneiy, vera diacoTeied in 1 840. 

The nateta are used for batliB as 
well aa for drinking. In 1832, the 
VlctoriB Batha. near the Town Hall, 
were built. Tbere aw othera iu tlie 
Montpellier Gardens, at Statbeck, and 
at Barlow Car. A "Bath Hoepital," 
for the relief of poor patients, wiia 
founded in 1S31. and Ib mainly sup- 
ported hy voluntary contributians. 

H^rroKate contfuns, of couise, uo 
(uoiont buildings, l^e most import- 
ant promenade and pamp-rocou is the 
BojbI Choltcnham (Low Harrogate). 
opened in 1835. Pleasant gardens ara 
attached to it. 

WdUa from Harrogate may be taken 
to Birk Crag, about 1 m. 6., a nenow 
valley, about } m. in length, wild and 
pictureeque, with rocky sidea; to Har- 
low Car, somewhat B. of Birk Crag, 
on the road to Otley. There is an 
hotel, with agreeable groundB. Har- 
Zow Tourer. 1 m. W., was built on 
Harlow HiU, in 1829. Its height is 
100 it,, and from its summit a magnifi- 
cent view is obtained. Longer walks 
may be token to Almia» Cliff at Bigton, 
5 m. 8.W., a gritstone ciag, crowning 
a hill 716 ft. high, from whence wide 
Tiews are obtained. The groands of 
Plurapltm (belonging to the Earl of 
Harewood), t m. 8.E., are eitenaiTe 
and beautiful. They are opi^ to 
Tidtors. Knart4boro<igk (3 m., and 
10 min. by roll) is also wittiin walking 
distance. 

Many interesting places are within 
long daj^a ezcuriuma hota Harrogate. 
The most important are — 

R&sloa Htdl (J. D. Dent, Esq.) 
(5 m.), fejnoiw as the place where the 
"Bil»ton pippin" was first grown. 
The original tiee is still alive. The 
collection of pines and firs in tbe 
grounds is one of the finest in the N. 
of England. Tke gardens and chapel 
are open on Twtdaye. 21 m. S.E. of 
Eibaton Park, on the I. bank of the 
Nidd, is Coictkorpe, where the largest 
oak in England still eiista. It stands 
on a crolt adjoining a fhrmhouse near 
Cowthorpe Ch, 

Harewood (8 m, by road). Tlie 
booae and grounds (open on Thurs- 



days), the remains of the castle and 
the ch., are here to be seen. Haie- 
wood is 1 ra. 1, of the Arthinglon sta- 
tion on the Leeds Kly. (see LetiU). 

Otley and Oileg CKevin, whence is a 
magnificent view, lie 4 m. rt. of the 
Arfliirgton atalion, whence a branch 
railway runs through Otley to Ilkley. 
Near Otle^ is Farnley Hall, with iU 
fine oollecLion of Turner drawings. 

Bolton Priory (see Hkley) and the 

Wharfe are sometimes visited A«m 
Harro^te. The drive (16 m.) across 
what is called the "Forest Hoor" is 
a somewhat dreary one, but cummanda 
fine views. 

Btntey Btat (1 m.). The Ch. and 
the Gardeni of iitpley CaMe are here 
the points of interest. The Ch. is 
Dec. ; see, at B. end of nave, effigies 
of Sir Thos. Ingilby (temp. Edw. III.) 
and wife. Riptey CattU (Sir Wm. 
Ingilby) is not shown. The gardens 
alone are open on Fridays, and are 
worth a visit. 

fliJHHi (Cathedral), 11 ro.,andFo«n- 
taint Abbey, 3 m. B. of it, are easily 
reached by railway (see Bipon). 

Hackfall, 7 m. from Eipon by road, 
IB well worth a day's excursion. The 
woods (entrance fee, 6d.) are roost pic- 
turesque (see Bipon^ 

Aldboroagk and Borougkbridge, 10 
m. At Al<iborough arc the remains of 
a most important Boman station (see 
Ym-ft). 

SpoffMh (5 m., on the Wetherby 
& Todoaeter Bly.), where lhei« are 
the considerable remains of Bpofforth 
Castla. 

Paleley Bridge (14 m. by tailway). 
Jnns; the King's Arms; the Crown. 
This JB an excellent centre from which 
to explore Nidderdale and the wild 
country towards the Wharfe. Brim- 
ham Bocki, 2 m. N. of the Daere 
StaL. and 9 m. from Harrogate, are 
ea^ty accessible and well worth in- 
spection. These huge masses of 
millstone-grit, curiously weathered, 
covered iH summer with ferns and 
flowers, and scattered over a wide 
moorland plateau, are said to have 
BU^^ested to the late Sir Jos. Faxton 
his plan for the celebrated Bock 
Garden at Cbatswortb. Close to the 



HABnOW-ON-THE-BILL-EABTLEFOOL. 



209 



town IB BeaerUy (Jolin YoAe, Esq.). 
Tiie g;H>uiids ore open on Tuesdays 
aiid ThursddyB (Ca. is charged for 
each persons. 

Leeda and KirkiUiU Abbey are ac- 
cessible by rail. 

Harrow - on - the - Hill 
(Middlesex). Slat., L. & N. W. Ely., 
li m. N. of the town. Jntw; King's 
Heud Hotel, Higli-street ; Railway 
Hotel, by the station; the Mitre, on 
the S. slope of the hill, belongs locally 
to Sudbury. 

Haiiow is famoliB for its ch., its hill, 
and the piospecta from it. and. above 
all. for its school. It is sitaated 10 ta. 
N.W. from London by road. Harrow 
Hill risei^ abrupt and isolated, Bome 
2U0 ft. from Uie plain, and, with the 
Bpire of the ch. which crowns its aum- 
luil, is a conspiououB and pleasing 
feature in the landscape formaDymiles 
on every side. 

The Ch. (St. Mary, restored) stands 
on the brow of the bill. It was founded 
byAbp.Lonfrano.temp.Wni.l.,butlhe 
only portion of his building remaining 
is the lower psit of the tower, the W. 
entrance of which has the round Nonn. 
arch, with chevron mouldings. It has 
some noteworthy bra»ie$. 

The prospect seen li«m the terrace 
outside the ch.-yd., and Stota roof of 
tower, is really very fine. 

Hamm School was founded, in 157 
by John LyoD, yeoman, of Preston, 
hamlet of Harrow, Tlie school has 
long outgrown Lyon's stipulations, 
and taken a foremost rank among tli - 
" Eight Great Schools " ot England. 

The School Buildiiigi are immed 
ately S. of thecli. 

Greenhill lies between Harrow town 
and the railway station. 

Sadbury adjoins Harrow on t 
S.K ; at its eastern end is a station 
the L. ft N. W. Bly, From Sudbury 
there ore pleasant walks — on the one 
hand to Wembley (pii(), on the other 
to Perivale and Greenford. 

Barrow Wfold is the broad level 
tract N. of Harrow, extending from 
Harrow Station to Stanmore, 

Pinner (Slat., L. & N. W. Rly., IJ 
m. N.E. of the village) is nearly S 
N.W. of Harrow by road, but nee 



by the fields. On the N. side of the 
- - '■■ street is a long, low, old country 
, tlie Queens Head, an excellent 
specimen of its class, bearing date 
ITO.'i, and no doubt a genuine relic of 
Queen Anne's time. 

Pinner Green is a sort of hamlet, 
i m. N. of the villnge. 

Close to Pinner railway station are 
the Cammtreial Travellerl' SchooU, 
fbundedl845. 

Wembley is a hamlet 2} m. S.E. of 
Harrow, and J m. N.E. of the Sudbury 
station of the L. & N. W. Ely. 

Wembley Hill is celebrated tor the 

Srospects trom its summit. The Green 
fan, vrith its gardens, on the top of 
the hill, is much frequented by holi- 
day parties and for trade dinners. 
The walks by the lanes from Wembley 
Hill to Eingsbury, the Hyde, and 
Hendon, or Whitchurch, ' are very 
pleasant. 

HabtbDrn, see Morpdh. 

Hartlnirton (Derby.) is an 
extensive parish, pleasantly situated 
on the banks ofthe Dove. lOm. N.N. W. 
from Athboume, and 9i ra. 8.W. from 
BakevieU Stats. Inn .• Chns. Cotton, 
comfortable. It is an admirable sta- 
tion for tbe angler, tourist, or arcluBo- 
logist The Cft. CSLGUes'), cruciform, 
contains curious paintings of the em- 
blems of the 12 tribes. Visit Arow 
here the pretty village and ch. of 
Sheen, 2 m, ; Langnor, 3 m. further 
on ; and. crossing the Dove at Glutton 
Bridge, enter the pass of GlalUnt Dale, 
near the village of Earl StemdaU, 
5 m. &om Buxton. 

Aze Edge, at N.E. extremity, is tbe 
highest of tbe High Peak range, being 
1750 d. above the level of the sea. 
Near GoyI bridge, 4J m. N.W. from 
BtKcion, the conndea of Derby, Che- 
shire, and Stafford meet. 

HABTI.ASD, see Bidefurd. 

Hartlepool (Durham), Stat, 
1} br. by railway from Newcastle; 
IJ hr. from Darlington ; li hr. from 
Durham. Inni: Eailwsy Hotel; 
King's Head. The town is situated 
on a peninsula, and separated by 
an inlet forming the harbour, which 
is crossed near its mouth by a ferry, 
tioni Weit Sartltepool (Ima Gallon's 



HAMTLEPOOL. 



Boyal Hotel, close to the sta- 
tim). Facing the barbonr is a. fine 
embankiaent, the sole rom&ins of the 
aodent fordficatians of the town, 
which affords an ^reeable -walk, pre- 
sentillg fine views of coast and 
eepeciall; at high water. la this 
a nat«r-gate leading from High-i 
to the b^ich ia in very good pree 
tinn. The atch ia about S ft. wide, 
and streDgtheaed b; an angular bastion 
on each aide. The oid Pier U 150 ft. 
lone : a Dew one, 650 ft., has been car- 
ried out from the; Heagh, the headland 
on the E. of the town, where is also a 
lighthouse 58 ft. high. From Southgate- 
lireet ia approachwl St. Milda't Ch., 
finely situated at the E. eitrenaity of 
the town, and overlookiiig a wide ex- 
panse of see, and a wild country backed 
ty the Yorkshire hills, among which ia 
otsvipicuous the blue anmmit of Bosc' 
berry Topping. The magnificent 8. 
doorway «f lato Norm., now covered 
in by a porch, is the only relic of 
the original church, temp. BiohBtd 1. 
There is a dugnlar braaa to " Jane 
Ball," and in ch.-yd. several quaint 
epitaphs. The Toon Moot is a 
iavourite reeott, bordered by rained 
walla and nigged yellow clifis. On 
that part known as the Far JYeld, 
foundations of a chapel (about 1200), 
dedicated to St. Helen, have been dis- 
coyeied. TTio Fairy Cacet are artifi- 
cial eicaiatiooa oomrauaicating with 
each other a little above the shore. Im. 
8. of the harbour, is iS£ranton,lwhere 
the Ch. of All BainU ia more harmo- 
nious than most Durham churches. 
The chancel has stalls, aod in N. aisle 
ia the figure of J. Bellasys (1610) 
rising from the tomb. 4 m. N.W. 
of town is Hart, where ia the Ck. 
ot St. Mary Magdalene, of Norm, foun- 
dation. Part of tower and chancel 
arch are Norm. On outer S. wall of 
ehancel ia a curious bsa-relief of St. 
George and the Dragon. The octa- 
gonal font ia carved with statues of 
saints, &c. There is a striking view 
looking l>aok over Hartlepool. 

i(W!ttr«oiw.— About 3 m. S. (20 min, 
by raU) is Switon Corew(Inn.- Crown), 
a small bathing . place with heautiful 
aauds 6 m. in length, and fine views of 



, . . remains of 
fortifications bnilt 16C7i between this 
and Hartlepool are remains of a sub- 
merged forest. 5 min. further by rail 
ia Greafham station, | m. rt. of which 
is the Hotpilal of God, St. Mary, and 
St. GuthleH (date 1272), end rebuilt 
(180a-9) from tho deaigus of Wyalt. 
In the Ctiapel are tliree old grey 
gravcEtones, relics of the original 
building. BiUiitghatn with its Ch., 
8 min. further by rail, and Wynyard 
Park, about 3 m. N.W. of it, mM- 
also be visited (see Sloektonj. 'to 
Coille Eden (7 m.), 20 min. by rail, 
i \a. I n( which is Caitle Edm Ball 
(Mrs. Bordon); here is preserved Uie 
cup of the last abbot of Bury, and an 
Anglo-Saxon drinking vessel found 
wi& a human skeleton in 1802. Traoea 
of a Saxon village are still to be seen 
in a field half-way between the Hall M 
and Harden. Near the boose is tie 
entranoe to Ca»tle Eden Bene, ac- 
cess to which is had only by special 
permission, which well deserves a 
visit. It ia a ravine thick with yew, 
ash, &a,. intermiied with rocks, nar- 
rowing in parts till it is [overhung; at 
the upper end the finest of these pre- 
rhongs a chasm, in which 



tlie climber will find himself ii.. .. 

row cleft through wliich the stream 
worksite way at a great depth. Above 
tho pool "(Robt.) Brucea Ladder" 
ascends by a narrow lodgo in the cliff 
and through a chasm tashoUon. IJ m. 
rt. from the mouth of the Dene are 
the Blacl^uill Boeki on the sea-coast, 
scooped into caverns (one 150 ft. 
long) or standing in grotesque isolated 
mDSses. 1ml, from the mouth of the 
Dene is the JtTay Stack, once a fine 
natural arch, the top of which is now 
fallen in. From Castle Eden the 
tourist may proceed 5 m. b; road, 
passing at 2 m. the Blade BuU Inn 
at Shotton, to Eaeingtoa; or rail of 
17 min. may be taken to Uaswoll 
Stat,, from whicti the village ia 2 m. 
The Ch. of St. Mary, restored 1S52, and 



SAB WICH— BASTINGS. 



chancel rebuilt imder flardwicfte, is in- 
teresting. ObsBrve the lo% and original 
tiuiber roof and K-E. window of five 
tigblH with atmned glass b; O'Connor ; 
the carved seata are temp. ChMles I. 
In Teatr; are a cop; of Solemn Leagoe 
and Covenant, and an old helmet of 
one of the Conyers. N, of the Ch. is the 
Rectory Hoam, a building of great 
antiqnily, with traces of a tower and 
of a large bull with pointed arches at 
the end. A little N, of the house is a 
deserted oratory with a large W, window 
nnder pointed arch. IJm.S. ofEasing- 
ton, on the edge of a Uttle glen celled 
Thorp^ Dene, is the small but interefit- 
iag Borden SaU (about 1600). On the 
S. is the projecting porch with heavy 
round pillars, and mullioned window 
above. Over the door is the shield of 
Chfis. Conyors, temp. Eliiabetb; in- 
side is a fine old staircase and a re- 
markable chimney-piece. About 1 m. 
N. of Eaaingtonis the beautiful Haie- 

. thorns Bene (see fiunderfand). To 

I StockUm by rail, 40 min. 

Habishill, see Stdke-on-Treni. 
Harwicb (Essex), Stat, GL E. 
Kly-. 69i m. from London, vi& Man- 
ningtree Jnnc. Steamers three times 
a week in snamer months, and daily 
during height of excmsion season, 
between Lraidon, Harwich (about 7 
hours), and Jpstotcfi, calling at Clarion 
and WaUon. Inni : " Great Eastern 
H., situated on the Quay ; Pier Hotel, 
also on the Quay. An ancient seaport 
and borough, built at the confluence 
of the Stour and Orwell, on a small 
peninsula. The streets are very nar- 
row and old-fasliioned looking. Its 
barbonr is the best on the £■ coast of 
ligland, and during easterly gales it 
is not unusual to see niore than 400 
vessels, many of large tonnage, shel- 
tered within it. Septaria, or Cemeid 
Stones from the London clay, in re- 
quest fox making cement, are dredged 
up from the harbour and the bottom 
of the sea. A stone breakwater, 400 
yards long, has been run out from 
Beacon cliff (port), in order to remedy 
the advance of the shingle-beach on 
the E. of the harbour, which en- 
croached at the rote of 13 yards a 
jeor, and blocked up the best entrance. 



Steamers in connection with the Gl. 
East. Rly.j Oimpany leave Harwich 
three times a week tor Kotterdam, and 
three tiroes a week (Sundays excepted) 
for Antwerp, and daily during tourist 

The esplanade to the 8.B. of the 
town forms an agreeable walk, eitend- 
ing to Beacon Bill. At this point a 
pathway 1. leads to Dotiercourt (see 
below). Landguard Fort, on a spit of 
land now joined to the Suffolk coast, 
was bnilt in the reign of James L OT 
kite years the fbrt has been much 
strengthened. A steamer runs three 
times daily, and more frequently du- 
ring the summer, between Harwich 
and Ipimch, I hr. The river Orwell, 
which is thus ascended, displays some 
of the prettiest Bcenecy in the eastern 
counties. 

A steam ferry plies between Harwich 
Pier and Walton Ferry, on the oppo- 
site aide of the Harbour, whence it is 
2 m. to FdixstOKe (see Iptunek). For 
places lying E. of Harwich see Jfan- 



Booeroonrt, 6 



, Stat. at. E, Ely., forma 
a suburb ol Saraich. Iran: •*Ciiff 
Hotel; Queen's Head; Violoria, near 
tbe station. Omnibus runs between 
Cliff Hotel and Harwich Pier. An 
agreeable watering-phtce. The beach 
is of firm sand, and affords good 
bathing. There is a terrace of good 
houses (many of them lodging-houses) 
overlooking a wide stretch rf sea bo- 
tween Harwich and Walton-on-the- 
Naze, 16 m. by road ; a carriage drive 
along tbe cliif; and an esplM^de, on 
which are reading and refreshment 
rooms, and the "Dovercourt Spa," a 
mild tonic and stomachic, containing 
carbonate and aulpliala of lime, mag- 
nesia and oxide of iron. The Gh. is in 
Tipper Dovercourt, about 1 m. from the 
lower village, or Neie T<mn as it Is 

iw designated. 

JHLiUtllDrg (Sussex). Stat L. B. 
& 8, C. Riy., and 8. E. Ely., 74 m. 
irom London. Inni : '• Queen's ; Al- 
bion, East Parade; Boya) Harine, 
Pel ham-place ; Castie, m the old 



val« Hotel; Vanglmn'B South Saxon. 
Tliis is by far tlie most picturesquely 

situated waleriog-plaoe on the coast 
of Sugaei. The old town fills up 
one of the narrow Talleys that hero 
open in the sand rock toward the 
sea. The climate of Haalinga varies 
greatly owing to the situation of the 
town. The old (own, and all the lower 
ran^ of lionses reaching as far aa 
Pelham-place,are thoroughly gheltersd 
from the N. and E., and well suited for 
invalids during the winter and spring. 
The higher parte of the town enjoy a 
climate Sa more bracing, but still 
milder than that of the East Kent 
watering-plaeefl. There is a fine 
beach and a pleasant Esplanade, with 
eood houses trontiug the sea for 2 m. 
The CailU is the Srst point of interest 
in Hastings. Ita aren, now laid out as 
a pleasure ground, covers tlie extreme 
point of tlie W. cliff. A small pay- 
ment is required from viaitors. On 
the E. side are fragments of three semi- 
oirculai lowerH, W., a circular and 
square tower both remain, still of con- 
siderable height. The most interest- 
ing remains, however, are those of the 
Castle Chapel, which are Tr.-Norm. 

An excellent view of tlie old town is 
gained trom the E. cliff, as well as 
from the magnificent pier, 900 fl. long, 
with Pavilion and an open and covered 
rink at end of it. FiistHilaaa hatha. 
Aquarium, reading rooms, &c., have 
been erected near the Pier. The 
Churches of Hastings ore uninterest- 
ing ; that of AU S<ii:it« (restored, 1870) 
stands picturesquely at the entrance 
to the old town, h; the old London 
road, and is mainly Ferp.. as is that 
of St. Clemenes, in the High-street. 

St. Leonard' t-on-Sea, the Bel- 
gravia of Eaatina;a, now stretches in 
an uninterruptea lino of terraces of 
handsome houses, facing the sea. bora 
Eastings W., to the Junction Station 
of the London and Brighton Itl?., a 
distance of about 2 m. The best 
bouses are in Everafi^il-pUute. the 
Marina, aod Warrior-iqnaTe. Thu 
prindpol Churehet at St. Leonard's 
are Chritl Ch., in London-road, a very 
handsome new building erected at a 
cost of 25,000i. (scats all free) ; St. 



Patil's (seats all free), with a beautiful 
pulpit, reredos, and stained glass 
windows; 8t. Mary Magdalene, on 
B. side of Warrior-square ; and St. 
John's, Upper Maae-hil!. Tliere are 
also beautiful pleasure gardens anti 
archery ground. Tbeneighbourhoodof 
Hastings is rich in charming waits ; 
and dnves and railway excursions 
may be made to embrace a great part 
of East Suaeei. 

FoWa.— Over the B. hill to Eedea- 
bourae (1 m.), where a, picturesque 
valley opens on the sea. Continne the 
walk, 2 m., to Fairlighl Glen and The 
Lmerg Seat (3 m. E. from the Albert 
Clock Tower), returning by the Drip- 
■oiag We&. due N. of the Glen ; thence 
by the fields and main road. The 
iiovct^ Seat is a ledge of rock at the 
Glen (I.), high up in the face of Iho 
cliff, overlooking the sea B. of the 
Glen. It owes ita name to the stolen 
interviewfl of the Captain of a revenue 
cutter with a Kentish heiress. Those 
who do not object to rough walking 
over pebbles and boulders may keep 
along the shore either going to or 
returning from Ecclesboume and Fair- 
light Glen. 

Behind Fairlight Church (2 m. N.E. 
from Hastings), stretches up FairiiglA 
Howa, 599 ft., the highest ground in 
this pitrt of SuaNZ. 

IViDei — OowJcurrf C/mrcft, 6 m. 
N.W. It stands pleasantly in a valley 
surrounded by trees. In Uie cb.-yd. is 
a nohle yew of unknown antiquity, 
27 ft. in circumference at 4 ft. from 
the ground. S. of the church are the 
remains of an ancient manor-house of 
late E.-E, character, 

A longer drive may be taken to 
fftnc/teZwa (Stat.), 9 m. N.B., by 
QufS&ing (4 m.) and IcIAetham. At 
P«i(, 1 m. S.E. of Gneatling, is a very 
handsome church, erected in memory 
of Mrs. Yonng, the wife of the incum- 
bent. Henoe a road leads over Chick 
Hill, with a wide view, to Clig End, 
the solitude of which is striking, 
and the scene wild and picturesque. 
Longer excursions may be made to 
Hunhttonixax Catlle, 14 m. (see BaO- 
iham), and Ij m. from Povcnst^y Stat. 

To Bodiam Caetle, 12 ra., a distance 



HASTINGS— BaTFIBLD. 



209 



trhioh will be slightly iocresBed bj 
taking Brede and Northiam in the 
way. 4 m. N. of Brede, remark, rt., 
the Well Route, aa old tinibered build- 
ing, dating from the middle of the 
letli cent. Bodiam Gaede, 3 m. N.W. 
of Northiam, stands on a slope abore 
the Bother. It is highly picturesque, 
though a. mere shell, and ia Burrounded 
by a deep moat filled with wat«r. It is 
nearly squEire, with a round lower at 
each angle ; and sqnare towers in the 
centre of each side except the N., 
where ia the great gateway. Within 
■ I of hall, kitchen. 



court in the centre. On the N. side 
nay be heard a remarkable echo. 
Bodiam CAurcA, J m. distant on the 
top of the hill, deserves mention only 
on account of the beaaty of its situa- 
tion and view. The return to Hustinga 
should be through SedUtcomhe, where 
ii an B.-E. Oh., with some Perp. addi- 
tions. The font cover (Perp.) de- 
serves notice. It is 6 m. thence to St. 
Leonard's. Other Eacarviora may be 
made to Battle Abbey, S m. ; Bexhill, 
3 m,; Catafleld, 3 m. ftom Battle, 
where is Noimanhurst Court, the 
beautiful leBidence of Mr. Brasaey, 
H.F. Tickets to view the mansion 
and nounds on Ttieidapa may be ob- 
tains at Dorman's Library, St. Leo- 
nard's. Etcbiogham (alat-l Cft., 14 m. 

H»tllel«I : or, UiMtkop'M 
HaMleld (Herts). Slat. Gt. N. 
Ely. The town is situated on the 
North-road. 20 m. from London, 7 m. 
W. of Hertford, and 5 m. E. (branch 
rIy.,ihr.)ofSt. Alban'e, /«iur.- Salis- 
bury Arms. opp. Ch. and entrance to 
the Park: RedLion.North-road. This 
ia a quiet, old-feshioned place, lying 
iJoDg a liUl-side, overshadowed by the 
towers and oaks of Hatfield House. 

The Chvrck, St. Etheldreda (re- 
stored 1S72), is, after 8t Alban's Al>- 
bey Ch., the largest in the county. 
It datea iiom Norm, times ; but the 
only fragment left of the original bnild- 
' a late Norm, arch in the S. tran- 






Cecil. Earl of SalJabury (d. 1CI2), the 
builder of Hatfield House, whose 
stately monument occupies its E. end. 
The chapel on the S. side ofthe chancel, 
known aa the Broehet Chapd, haa been 
readied at the cost of Ur. Wynu 
Elhs. Brocket Hall stands on the Lea, 
just beyond Lemsford Mills, 2^ m. N. 



completed by his son. Sir Penistoa 
Lamb, Bart,, created (1776) Baron, 
and (17S0) Viscount Melbourne. It 
is a large and stately structure of four 
storeys. In front of it the Lea spreads 
out BO aa to form a brood sheet of 
water, crossed a little higher by a 
stone bridge of three arches, which 
serves as the approach to the hall. 
The park is varied in aur&ce. aSbrda 
some good views, and contains some 
flue trees. Bmcket HaU haa the dis- 
tinction ot having been successively 
the residence of two Primo Ministers 
—Lord Melbourne, who died here, 
November 24, 1848, and Lord Pal- 

Batfietd Houie, the ' magnificent 
Jacobean mansion of the Marquis of 
Salisbury, sCanda in a line park im- 
mediately E. of Hatfield town. In the 
year llOS, when the Abbey of Ely 
waa erected into a bishopric, Hatfield 
became on episcopal residence, and a 
sumptuous palace was built there. Ia 
13SS the manor woa conveyed to 
Henry Vni. by Thomas Goodrich, 
Bp. of Ely, in eichange tor lands in 
Cambridge, Essex, and Norfolk, and 
the palace became a royal abode. It 
was the favourite residence at various 
times of four English sovereigns — 
HeniT VIII., Edward YL, Elizabeth, 

In 1607, James I. preferring Theo- 
balds, a more magnibcent house, be- 
longing to Lord Salisbury, offered him 
Hatfieul in exchange, and built him a 



e of tl 



ne, the larger pwt of 



1611 ; but Lord Salisbury was already 
in ill health, and died in May of the 
following year. James I. paid an early 
visit to I^tfield House, and his slate 



210 HATS 

bedroom ie religioDsl; preserved with ' 
its sumptuous original fiimitme intact. 

B; a simple gateway, near the I'ariah 
Oil., you enter the court of the Old 
Palaie, in which Q. Elizabeth reaided 
whoD she was summoned to reign on 
her sister's death. Of this the old 
Hull of icd brich remaina, now con- 
verted into a stable. 

The adjacent West or Privy Gar- 
den, Ml almost uoiqne and happily 
unimpaired example of the Jocobain 
pleBSore garden, waa laid out by 
James I., who planted tbe four mul- 
berry tiees still growing in its tbor 
comeia. It is onl; about 150 It. square. 
Ou the S.E. and N. aidea are avenuee 
of limes. 

Uatfleld House a in plan a paral- 
leli^ram, 280 ft. lon^, and TO ft. wide, 
witli^ on the S., a pnncipal front, two 
wings, each prrgecting 100 ft. and 
80 ft. wide ; and forming, with the 
centre, three sides of a court, 140 fC 
long. This S, front is very noble. 
The wings are connected by a centre, 
Italian Benatssonce in choracler, of 
two orders, with a Iiighly enridied 
Blizabetban central gate tower and 
stepped giiblea. The central tower, in 
which is the elaborate entrance porch, 
projects boldly, and is 70 ft. high. A 
clocb turret with a cupoZa crowns the 
whole. The N. &ont, though lees 
ornate, is large in style and very 
effective. 

The state roomj are stately and 
superb ; aa a whde, perhaps, the finest 
remaining examples of their class and 
time. The HaU, or, as it is aometimes 
called, tiie Marble Hall, is a apacioos 
and lofty room, 50 ft. by 30 ft. At 
the lower end is a massive carved 
screen, overlaid with heraldic bear- 
inga : the walls are wainscoted with 



9 in., of five landings, has massive 
carved haiuBters. Ontho walls are por- 
traits of the Cecils. Observe the open 
work wicket-gate on tbe fint landing, 
put there, as it is supposed, to prevent 
the dogs from intruding into the state 
apartments above. 

Tbe Long GaUery is striking from 
its unusual proportions, 16B ft. by 



20 It., and 16 ft. high. It has a floor 
of dark oak, and grotesque panelling 
on the walls. 

King JameisBoom, originally the 
" Great Ohamber," at tbe ¥,. end of 
the gallery, is a saperb room. 59 ft. 
by 27 ft 6 in., and 21 ft. hi%h, gor- 

SBous in carving, gold and colour, and 
ghted by three tall oriels. The great 
feature or the room is the grand i3iim- 
ney-piece, 12 ft. wide, of coloured 
marbles. Under the Long Gallery, 
and of the same size, is tbe Annoary, 
containing many interesting suits of 

At the W. end of the gallery ia the 
lAbrary, a room corresponding in size 
and plan to King James's Boom, at the 
K end. Tbe room is a noble one, and 
well fitted, but ita great attraction is 
the fine collection of printed books; 
MS8., and state papers. 

Other state rooms are the Smmner 
Dining-room, under King Jamea'a 
Eoom ; the Winter Dining-rnom, con- 
taining many curious and interesting 
portraits; and the Draieiag-room 
connected with it. Tbe Chapel con- 
tains King James's organ, in a very 
rich case, and has an unusualtj fine 

;EiJntod window of Flemish work, 
'he whole of the ground-floor of the 
E. wing is occupied by private apart- 
ments. Most of tbe pnncipal rooms 
contain portraits of members of tlie 
Salisbury family, and of personages of 
historic fiune. 

Near the house are a liding-achool 
and a tennis-court, both large build- 
ings. 

The gardens and grounds abont the 
house are laid out with great taste, 
and kept in perfect order. 

The park, the finest in the county, 
is of great extent, undnlating,*wiUi 
the Lea flowing through it on Uka N., 
and abonnding in noble trees. Some 
of tlje trees are famous. The Lion 
Oak, near the house, is over 30 ft. in 
girth, of most venerable antiquity, 
and though dilapidated (rcnn age, stQl 
verdant. More famous, however, la 
Queen Elizabeth's Oak, by the avenue, 
—Hatfield Park is cele&ated for its 
avenues — leading towarda the kitchen- 
garden, vineyard, and river Lea. The 



SATEEESAOB—BA WAltDEN. 



211 



aveuuo leads by the gaideaer'B lodge to 
tlie Vineyard, which ia very carefully 
kept, and. curioua as almost tlie last uf 
its age remaining. B^ond it are 
equallj' ooriouB yew-hedgeB, and a 
delightful terrace by tbe Lea, here 
crotBed by a Gothic bridge of recent 
erection. 

IIatheoleioh, se& Torrinqton. 

Until eFsmee (Derby .\ 12 m. 
from Sheffield Stat. Mid. and Gt. N. 
Elys. (Inn: Goorge)— is a little town 
in a charming situatinn, about 1 m, 
from the Derwent, and suironnded by 
wooded bjlla and moors. The popu- 
lation is pricoipally engaged in the 
□cedle factory. The Ck. ia Dec., and 
was restored by Batterfimld. It has a 
clerestory, square three-staged tower, 
and octagonal spire. The stained - 
glass is very good. Opposite the porch 
are two stones markinB; the grave of 
lAUle Jokjt, Robin Hood's trusty 
friend. He is supposed to have lived 
in a thatched cottage close to the 
church. On tbe hUl to tbe E. (Hather- 
sage Mountain) is a fine British fortifi- 
cation called C&rTg Wark. The vallum 
(17 fl. thick) has a gateway on the S. 
There are etotwt (possibly Draidica!) 
on Higgar Tor, a Uttle to iLo N., 
and a magnificent view over Kiudor- 
scout, Lose and Win Hills, Tray Cliff 
and Mam Tor, and the Yorkshire 

Exeursione, — 2 m. io MyDiatn Bridge 
(CA. at Bamford by Butterlield), and 
np tbe vale of Dement, which rises 
some dozen miles away in the moors. 
6J m. fioia Hathersage is AeKopfon 
(Sn^e inn), at the junction of the 
Ashop and Derwent, a good point to 
visit Derwent Edge, on which ore the 
Salt Cellar and the Cofea of Bread 
(between Sm. and 4 m-l.to^merwith 
the Boekbraina on Stanage {Idgc. 

Excursion to Beaachieff Abbey (see 
Sftp^eW— environs), N. ; Eyara, 8. 
(see) ; Ohalmmrth (see) ; EaMcm SaU 

IIatley Cockatbe, see Sandy. 

Hauohmond Abbey, see Sbreviihiry. 

HMverfordweMt rPem- 
btokeshire). Stat. Gt W. Kly., IJ hr. 
by train from Caermarthen Junction. 
Inn: (Jaatle Hotel. Is picturesquely 



situated on the siope of a hill ovetlook- 
ingthe western Qeddan. 

The fine Ch. of St. Xary'i has a 
clerestory — a very unusual feature in 
Welsh churches. The nave is re- 
markable for the beauty of its roof 
carving. The windows also are well 
worth careful inspection. Little r&- 
mains of the Came, except the keep, 
which ia now the county gaol. An 
omnibna runs three times a week 
(Tues., Thurs., and Bat.) to St. David't, 
16 m. The road is bad, but the 
scenery is very fine. 5 m. rt. is Kees~ 
Ion cSwttB, and 3 m. hoyocd So(A 
Catde. Tl^ence another S m., is tbe 
beautiful little village of Sd,va, situ- 
ated in a narrow creek. A walk from 
here of S m. wilt bring the tonrist to 
the city of St. DaaitCs. An omnibna 
(dBo runs from Haverfordwest to Fi*b- 
gaard. 11 m. 

HAVERDJO-iTTE-BOWEB, Bee Bom- 
ford. 

IIawaril<>n (Flint), 2 m. &om 
Broughton Stat., 21 m, from Queen'i 
Ferry Slat., and 7 m. from Chester. 
Jnn .- Glynne Arms. In the pic- 
turesque park of the Castle (Right 
Hon. W. E. Gladstone, M.P.) are the 
keep and ruins of the atid«n< codle, of 
Edwaidian age ; from the keep there 
is a fine view of the Vale of Dee. The 
Ch., E.-E., haa some good memorial 
windows, and ia in beautiful cbunih- 
like order. In the vioinity i» Aston 
HalL Outside the town, to the W. of 
the church, is TrKeman'i J3iU, an early 
British post. 

EzeuT»ions,—Mini, 9J m. by Nor- 
llwp. Passing 1. the mining district 
of Btiddey jWbuntaiB, at 2 m. N.W. 
is Ewtoe CasOe (13th cent.) ; the ruins, 
consisting of one semi-round tower, 
one square tower and walls, and situ- 
ated at the head of two lovely dingles, 
are difficnlt to find, lieing sorroanded 
by dense underwood. The adjoining 
wood of Coed Ealoe was the scene of 
Henry H.'sdefeatbyOwainGwyJiedd. 
Close by fiows the Wepre Brook, the 
whole course of which, from its rise on 
Buckley Mcnntain to its junction with 
thoDee.isronianticandpretty. About 
3 m. beyond Ewloe Castle, is tbe pretW 
village of NorOtop; the Ch. of which 



212 



HA WESHEAD^BA TFIELD. 



ie one of the finest Perp. ohnrohea in 
N. Wales; the tower (9S ft.) should be 
amended for the view ; in the inteiioi 
il ezoellent Btained-glass, ITth-cent. 
csirjng under pulpit ; and in N. aisle 
fatu: «tone efflgiea to the Welsh prince 
Edwyn, and others. From Notliiop it 
is 4i ra. to Flint, posring Bryn Edwyn 
(T. Lewis, Esq.) b; a road affoiding 
TiewB of the expanse of the Dee es- 
tuary and opposite Cheshire ooaat. 
From Northop the tourist may also 
dJTeige 2i m. N.W, to Moel-y-gaer, 
a Ter; perfect foitifled British post, 
on the S. extremity of the Halkin 

ZKttanwi.— Holywell, 11 m.; Mold, 

Hawes, see Northallerton. 

Haveswateb, see Penrith. 
HAWEESBimr, see Widcwar. 

Hnwkshead (Lane.)— 3 m. 
from ftmi*fonStai., FnrnesaBIy.,5ni. 
from Ambleeide, and 4 m. to tlie Feny 
on Windermere ; ( Jnn .- Bed Lion) — is 
a qu^nt little town on the banks of 
Etthwaitt Water (good fishing ou Uie 
late, and comfortable quarters ut the 
iuu), and with superb views of the 
Ambleside and Grasmere mountains. 
The Ch. is E. Norm., and contains an 
albr-tomb to the fatliei and mother 
of Abp. Sandyi, who was edtjcuted at 
the Grammar School, as was also Words- 
worth, the poet The Town Hall is 
Terycnrions. 

MSxcariion. — } m. N. to Haalahead 
Ball (a farm house), once the mane 
rial court of the Abbots of Fnmeaa 
irith good gateway aud mullionec 
windows. 

Hawkstone, see Wem. 

Hawdrtv, see EMghley, 

Hawthobne Denb, see Sundeiiand. 

Hawtos, see Netoark. 

Hat, see Wye. 

Kayeit (Kent), 12 m. S.K from 
Lotidon, 2 ni. S. bom the Bromley 
Stat of the S. £. and L. C. ic D. Blya. 
Inn ! The George, by the oh., a ( ' 
house. To reach ^yee, tofii 1. 
learing Bromley Stat, and late the 
lane on rt. before reaching Leaves 
Green, a pleaaent lane oTerhuiig with 

CloM by the nhnroh 1« Bayei Place 



(Edw. Wilson, Esq.), the roddence 
and scene of the olosing days of the 
great Lord Chatham, and the birth- 
place of his illustrious son, William 
Pitt. 

Immediately S. of Hayes is Bayet 
Common, of 220 acres, secnied to public 
use, and placed under the charge of a 
board of conservalois, 1 869. Opening 
Keston Common, it formsabroad 

, ise, high and breezy, bordered by 
goodly elms and beoch, covered Ihictly 
with gorao, ferns, Ac. On all sides 
are wide prospects over Bromley, Bick- 
ley, and Chiselhurst. and far away 
Kent; and a mill and groups 
id-tiled cottages for the stetch- 

Keiton Common is a prolon^tion of 
Hayes Common, equally enjoyable, 

more picturesque, because more 
broken and varied. Here are the re- 

] of an eiteosive encampment, 
long knonn as Cffisar's Camp, which 
is now generally held to mark the 
Boman station, Notiomagut. KCaoy 
" in remains, faundatioos of build- 
tiles, broken pottery, and coins 
have been found. 

well, neat the eutiance to Holm- 
wood Park, is known as Cxiat'i WdL 
The water flows out coot and clear, 
and, running along a short winding 
channel, epreaAa out into the large 
sheets of water known as the KeiUyn 
Ponds. 

H«yMeld(Derby.)— Stat, Man. 
Bheff. & Line Bly. — a, small town on 
the banks of the &ott depending on 
its calico printing. The Ch^ dedicated 
to St MatOiew, is a handaune stone 
edifice, much admired for the neat- 
ness of its interior ; was tehuilt in I81S. 
irtn: The Boyal Hotel. From liete 
a special escursion should be made to 
the Kindenront (1981 ft.), the ascent of 
which can be best made from the Snake 
Inn. The Kinder Downfall, waterfall 
about 500 (L, is magni&cent The geo- 
logist will meet with, in the millstone 
grit, a deposit of travertine, contain- 
ing impressions of leaves, mosses, Ac. 
Lunch at the Snake Inn at Ashopton 
(see Bailienage), 

It is 4 ro. to Gloaspp (Norfolk Arms 
Hotel), the toed commanding fine pros- 



EA YLE-BEISTON. 



213 



pecta all the waj ; and 5 m. to Cluipel- 
en-le-Frith, from Hayfield. 

HAyle (ComwaU), Stat., 7} m. 
from FeDzance. Ommbiues to SI. Ive* 
(_aee Penianee), Inns: White Hurt H. ; 
Steam Pocket H., od shore of Phil- 
lack Creek. The town, onoe reooirned 
for its copper emeltjug, p<MBesae» large 
■■- n fouMries, and camee 



hN. ottowniflCft.o/PMi 
hung hj iomant, 01 eaiidhilla. The', 
of St. Imi and its bay Erom Uie inoutli 
oT the river, is esceedinglj beantiful. 
At 8t. Erth, 1 m. S.. la a verj old 

Hatles Absbt, Bee Wineheombe. 
Hatlwg laLiND, see Porttntottlh. 
Haynes, see AmpthiB. 
Headnotom, eee Oxford (Exctin.) 
Hbadlbss Cboss, see AUjeila: 
Heathfield, Bee Mayfi^d. 
Hedi>on-oiJ'The-Wall, see NeiD- 

Heuon, Bee Evil. 

Hedmb, Bee Thamet, 

Heiohab, see NoriMcli. 

Heiohing'ton, Bee DartingUm. 

HeutSLBT, Bee Thirsk. 

JHLelston (Coniwall), I2in. from 
Falmouik, 18 m. from Tniro, and Eibout 
15 m. frota Famanee. Inm: 'Angel ; 
Star. An omnibufl rung daily during 
the Bmomer months at 10.30 from 
the'An^el E. to Lizard toira, retumiog 
from Skewe^B Hotel at 4,15. This 
old toim ia pleasantly Bitoated on 
a liii) , and ia geneially the atorting 
point ibi an excursion to the Lizard- 
It has been cdebraled, from time im- 
memorial, for a feetiTal on the Sth of 
May, called Furry or Flora Day, whiob 
is Btill kept, though not with tlie atrict- 
nees of former times. A &Tonrite walk 
ia to the Loe Pool, i. e. Lalie Pool 
(^ ns. to head of ll^e, 2 m. to the 
Band-bar at the lower end. This sand- 
bar ia formed by the action of the 
waves, and serves to keep back the 
water in the Loe Pool, which now 
and aeiain thltetens to overflow and 
flood the lower part of the town. The 
bar has then to be cut, with the per- 
miswon of the owner of Ponroee, who 
demands a fee of §d. on each occasion). 
The woods of Penrose are the principal 



mament of the Loe valley, uid aff<«d 
delightful walk from the bar to HeU- 
m. At one spot the park wall le- 
ims a remarkable echo. The little 
seaport of PortUecen Is 1} m. from the 
town, and the same dlstuice from Loe 
of the town lies the distriot of 
rd, remaikable fi: 

large area of Strwatm. 

beautiful rock, the boimdajy of which 
(about S m. from Helston) is very 
eteoriy deflued by the growth of Iha 
Eriea vagani, the rarest and moat 
beautiful of tbe English heaths. Tlu 
interior of the district possesses Httla 
interest, but the ooost is grand and 
cnriona. VidtoiB to Helatou commonly 
oonlent tbemsetveB with an ezoarsion 
to the Lizard Pinnt about 11 m., di- 
verging from the direct road to Ky- 
nancaCove on W., and returning home 
by the Frying Pan at Cadgewith, E. 
of the Pomt. For the benefit of the 
more fortunate viator who is able to 
explore more thoroughly this most In- 
teresting district, the rollowing briel 
description is given : — About 5 m. S. 
of Helston is the fishing village of Ovn- 
teaUoe, The parish extends along tbe 
coast from Loe Pool. The Ch., a lovely 
and picturesque IS-cent. atmcture, u 
close to the sea, the solid rock forming 
3 waUs of the detached belfty. The 
Ck. of Cury, 2 m. N.B., has a remark- 
able hagioscope. Proceeding aloi^ 
the coast from Gnnwalloe, we reaim 
1} m. Foljea, a sandy oove; 1 m, 
BfHuriaii Core, the descent to which 
commands a str^ing view of JUuffion 
Island; 1 m. Sfutlum Coee, which 
should be visited at low water, n m. 
up the valley ia the village of Jlftttluni, 
with its venerable Perp. Ch^ worth a 
visit.] Theare to the grand promontory 
of Pradanaek Htad, and VeUan Point, 
from which the aliffe sink to a shel- 
tered recess called G^te-graze, or Boap 
Sock, 3 m. Here the serpentine la 
traversed by large veins of sttiUita 
(pore magnesiB), better koown aa 
"French Cbalk." The botanist may 
find in this valley Genista pffoia. A 
little beyond ia the bold headland of 
the Sm, commanding a auperb prol- 
I pect: and i m. further on, the fiir 
I celelwated Kynance Cove, one of tbe 



2U 



HELSTON—HENDON. 



wondera of the Conuah coasL The 
Berpentine here le beantifully coloured 
and veined. To be folly eipioted, the 
cove should be viiited about the time 
of low water. The tomiBt should also 
climb to the top of Aiparagui leland, 
end inspect the DeciVt beUowg and 
DBrir» iflroof, deep rooky chasmfl. The 
Cove is Ml of intereat to the geologiat 
uid the botnuist. From here it Ls 2 m. 
ia the liffhthouses ou the Foiut, the 
most Hou&orly promontory of England, 
ptiBgiiig GaerthiMa'a, a lavine remark- 
able for its botanical rarities ; Old 
lAiard Head, Ptdol Meadote, the 
sandy core and flailing village of Fdl- 

C. and theuce lo the 2 lighthouses, 
point below the lighthouses is pro- 
longed at low water lo a oolamtiar rock, 
oalled the Bawbte, From the Lizard 
the visitor is recommeuded to walk b; 
tlie' cliffs lo CadgeieiOi, 3 m. At lA- 
lard Town, Skewes's hotel is clean 
and comfortable, and a good lesting- 
place from which to explore (be whole 
of the Lizard district. After passing a 
cove called KiBcMen, the pedestrian 
will reach Famvoae, or lAmrd Cove, 
the harbour of the parish. Here a 
boat may he talcen to OadgewiUi for 
the purpose of eiploring the lonely 
caverns, especially Banen'i Hugo and 
Dolor ITujjo. About J m, up the val- 
ley is the village of Landeaednac!!, 
The Ch. is the most southerly in Eng- 
land. It has a peculiar hagioscope 
lie that at Oury (ante) and St Maw- 
gan (poit). The sea-view from the 
tower is venr flue. 2} m. we reach 
Cadgeaiih (Jnn .■ Star), a louautic 
fishing village, in a pretty valley, but 
priueipally known for that singula) 
pit, 01 amphitheatre, called the Devil'i 
fVjfi'ng Pan. Near are the churches 
of Grade (containing monuments and 
brasses of tiie Ecieeys. 1S22, &c,} and 
Buan Minor, both worth visiting if 
time permit. The usoal course is to 
return from Cadgewith direct to Hel- 
ston, though the scenery further B. 
may well tempt the stranger to pro- 
long his excuiBion. } m. E. are the 
grand rocks of Jnnf* Head, and in 
succession, tbe valley of Folteico (2 m.), 
CaUeon Cove, Katnack Cone, Slaek 
Bead promontory, to Covfrack Cove, 



6 m. from Cadgewith, especially inte- 
resting to the geologist. The Tillage, 
too, is exceedingly picturesque. The 
cove was tbe Bcene of the wreck of 
tbe " Despatch," 1809, a monument to 
the olGcers and privates who perished 
1>eing erected in the churah (2 m, in- 
land) of St. Eeneme. In the sea off 
St. Keverne lie the dangeroDS rocks 
the Mamtnclea. 1 m- N. (tf Nare Point 
is St. ATiihony in Meneage, an exceed- 
ingly pretty spot. Visit the Cft., which 
is built on the shore. Mamuxaa Ch. 
is IJ m. S.W. Observe chancel roof 
and S. doorway, 3 m. N.W. ia St. 
ISaicgan in Meneage, where the anti- 
quary should e:iamine a stone cross, 
some 1500 years old; aad B. of the 
village near IVefoionrren (the mansion, 
built circ. 1620-iO, of Sir R. Vyvyan, 
Bart-), at a spot called HaUigey, some 
very remarkable mblcrranninc/uiTnfiBrs. 
In tbe Ch., notice especially the hugi- 
oscopo, the Perp. lower, and monument 
toSirB.VyTyan(1696). Thedislanco 
from here to Helston is 4 m. N.W. 
HEHDiaFORD Gbby, seo SuntingAon. 
Hemstone, see Totnet. 
Hektock, see Tiverton. 
Hgnbubt, see .Bristol. 
Hendon (Middlesex), 7 m. 
N.W. from London, 3 m. N.W. from 
Hampatcad. Hendon Stat., on the 
Midhind Rly., is I ra. N. by E. of the 
village. Inn ; •Greyhounil, by the ch. 
At the S. end of the parish the little 
river Brent forms a large lake, the 
Kingsbury Reservoir (see Eing^ry). 
The country is exceedingly pleasant, 
green, abundantly wooded; the hills 
affording very pleaaant views, the ml- 
leys many pretty field-paths and quiet 
shady lanes. 

Tbe ch.-yd. is of exceptional beauty, 
carefully planted and well kept, and 
the view from tlie N. aide of the old 
ch.-yd. is very hue. 

Oold^r's Green, a, hamlot of Hendon, 
lies along the main road, midway bo- 

' 1 Hampstead and Hendon. There 

. inn, the White Saan, whose 
garden is in great favour with London 
holiday-makers. From the village 
there are pleasant walks by lanes and 
Seldpaths on one side lo Hendon, or 
tho Edgwarc-rpad by Gntterhedgo or 



Clitterhoase Fanna; on tlie other, to 
Hamratead Heath or Einchley. 

Mia Hill is a hanilet and eccleu- 
sBtical digtriot of HendoD, bota vhich 
it is abaut 2 m. N. The MiU Hill 
Stat, of the G. N. Kly. (Edgware and 
Hiehgate line) is f n. 8%. of the 
Tilbga; that of the Midland Bif. I im. 
W. inn.' King's Head. From the 
BOmmit of the iiill wide views are ob- 
tained. And on all sides is a pleasant, 
open, ^reen country. 

Highvood Sill adjoios the N. end 
of Mill Hill, and eitends E. to Totr 
teridge, Herts. It is higher, more 
secluded, and more picturesque than 

Sxs EoiwTB, see Uaagefm, 

Hentield, see SUifaing. 

}Ibhoistbdbt. see ChritUihiirA. 

Uenosave, see Bun/ 8t. Ecbmaad: 

Henley, see Thamei. 

Hbhlby-in-Abdm, s 
on-Aton. 

Hbmbbabbow, see St. AaUdt. 

Siereford (Herefordeh.)- ^^ats., 
at W, and L. 4 N.W. Elys. Inm: 
Green Dragon H. : City Arms : Mitre ; 
Grejhannd; Bku^k Swan. This ifl an 
ancient city, pleasantly situated on 
the 1. baii of the Wje, which affords 
eioellont fiahing — splendid salmon, Ac, 
—and good boating. The S/iire-haU, 
in St. Owen's-atreet, was opened for 
trials in 1817. It was built froai the 
designs of Smirke. The portico is 
after that of the Temple of Theseus. 
at Athens. In front of it is a bronze 
statue of the Eight Hon. Sir G. Corue- 
■wall Lewis, H.P. (d. 1863). There is 
a Free Ltbrars, opened in 1874, the 
gift of Jas. Eankin, Esq. 

The Cafhedral, restored b^ Sir G. G. 
Scott, is one of the meet interesting 
biiiliings in England, exhibiting rich 
eiamplBB of Norm., E.-E., and Dec 
work. It was commenced by Bp. Lo- 
sing (1079-95) to replace on a larger 
scale a eh. destroyed by the Welsli. 
The cathedral is entered on its N. 
side by an elaborate porch of two 
stages. In a bay of the S, aisle is a 
Norm, font, having a dicular basin with 
figures of the Apostles beneath arches, 
a lion projecting from each corner of 
the base— an unasnal esunple. 



A magnlflcent metnllic «cr«en,palnled 
and gilt, separates the choir from tho 
nave, one of the largeet and most com- 
plete pieces of architectural wroaght- 
iron work mannfactured in modem 
times ; it was eiecnted by Skidmore, 
troia designs by Seolt. The interior 
walls of the central tower are of 
peculiar oonstnictbn, and should be 
noticed. From the wooden floor of the 
bell-cliamber, now coloured in blue 
and gold, depends a superb oorona of 
wrought iron, also by Skidmore. 

The ChoiT has an unusually gloomy 
and solemn appearance, occasioned, 
partly by the heavy Norm, architec- 
ture, and partly from the lofty tran- 
septs, which prevent the admission of 
light except Qom the clerestory. 

The Reredoi was designed by Got- 
fiRifAilTn^Junior, as a memorial of Bir 
Joseph Bailey, Bart., M.P. (d, 1850). 
Between the 5 canopied compartments 
rise small shafts, supporting angels 
who carry tho instruments of the 
Passion. The pierced lea&ge at the 
back of the canopy is very beautiAil. 

The N. Traruept, tho finest and most 
imposing portion of the cathedral, was 
bmit to receive the shrine of CantUvpe. 
It has been most effectively restored. 
Notice the ma^iflcent and mipreaaive 
geometriml window ; it is filled with 
stained glass by Messrs. Yardman, in 
memory of Archdeacon Lone Freer 
(d. 1863) ; the cost (13001.) was raised 
by BubscriptioDS of the Freemasons of 
the county. 

Bp. Stanbery'i Chantn) (1453-1474) 
is a good example of noh Late Perp. 
The W. end ia covered vrith fitn-tracery, 
and the vaulting is riohly groined. At 
the angles of ute chapel are rety gio- 
tesqua capitals. 

The Lady Chapel is a beautiful spe. 
cimen of E. E., rebuilt by CotHnghavt 
inlSSO. 

The Audley Chantry is separated 
from the Lady Chapel by a stone 
screen. It is an excellent specimen 
of Late Perp, 

The Chapter Ltbrari/ above tho 
great N. transept has been thoroughly 
restored. The library comiists of 
nearly 2000 vols., including many rare 
and corly-printed books and MSS. 



216 



UEREFOSn—HEETFOSn. 



The Crypt, called (TolootAa, eitenda 
under the whole of the Lady Chu>el. 
It is the solitory example, in an Eng- 
lisli cathedral, of a crjpt conetruot^ 
after the end of the 11th cent. It 
Gongiata of a nave and aJBles 50 ft. 
long, atid divided by plain clustered 

On the B. side of the cathedral, 
and connected with it b; a cloister 
109 ft. long, the oeken beams of its 
roof being finely carved, is the College 
of Vieari Choral, a very interesting 
quadrangular building, with an inrier 
cloisler. It is for the most part Perp,, 
circ. 1172, Its BpadouB haU was 
erected by public Bubacription in 1740. 

The EpiKopal Palace atanda S„ be- 
tween the cathedi-al and the river, 
and is formed almost entirely out of 
an ancient Norm, hall, with pillars of 

The CaifU Green, a public walk 
overlooking the river, fonned, in 1753, 
on the site of the lower keep of the 
caatle and commending plCEising view 
ig open at all hours. In the centre 
a column GO ft. high, on an □nfiniahed 
pedestal, erected, 1809, to commemo- 
rate Lord Nelson's victories. The lu' 
firmary adjoins, on the bank of the 
Wye. 

All Sainlf Cft. haa at 
moQuled by a lofty apire 212 ft. from 
the ground. Some carved stalls in the 
chancel, of 16th-cent. work, e 
and well executed. 

At the end of the High Town is a 
fine specimen of a timbered house, 
the only remaining portion of " The 
Butcher's Bow." 

Beyond it is St. PeUr'n Ch.. with 
a. lofty tower and spire at the E. 
eod of the S. imve aialo. There are 
some good ISth^wnt stalls in its 
chancel. 

The Waterworks on Broomy Hill 
are a Ihvouiite resort of pedestrians, 
lu the Widemarah suburb Bie the 
ruins of the Black Frian' Mrmatlery, 
founded 1276, with be interesting relic 
of that religious order— an hexagonal 
preaching-cross of cinquefoil arches, 
open on each side, and standing 
flight of steps. 

Adjoining these r\iina is Coaingebti 



So^ilai, founded 1611, locally known 
a" The Red Coat Hoipital." 
1 m. W. on the road to Brecon la 
The White Cross," a flight of steps, 
surmounted by an hexagonal shaft, 
erected by Bp. Lewis Cliarlton, in 
gratitude for the departure of the 
black plague in 1317, on this sjmt, 
— '-~e inarketa had been held during 



Near Pontrilas Stat. (*Sondamore 
Arms Hotel), j hr. by rail fVom Here- 
' >rd, are most intereeting remains of 
CiBterciiin monastery. 

Distances.— Ross, IS m. by rail, and 
i m. by road ; Abergaitenny, 22^ m. ; 
GlouceOer, 30i m. 

B:eme Mat CEent.), Stat., 
L. C. & D. Rly., 621 m. from London, 
Innt : Dolphin H. ; Pier H. This is 
a rather favourite watering-place, con- 
taining many good houses. Tlie sea 
view is coo<l, and Ihe country land- 
ward well wooded. 

The village of Heme is 1} m. S. 
The large ch. (E. E., Dec, and Perp.) 
contains some fine Srassei, 

The most interesting place to he 
visited from Heme Bay ii the old 
fortress of Reculver, distant about 3 m. 
Reculver, the ancient "Bc^lbium," 
waa the aislet-fortoess of Richborough 
(Butupite) (see Sandmcft). Beculver 
wants the impressive dignity of Btcb- 
borough, ao much of the walls having 
been destn^ed or concealed by tlie 
soil. The S. and E. walla are yet 
itanding, but much shattered, and 
covered with ivy and boshes. 

Some distance from the coast, be- 
tween Whitstable and Beculver, is the 
Pan Sand, or Pudding-pan Sock, from 
which oyeter-flahere Iwto constantly 
dredged np great quantities of Samian 

iKstances.— TTftidfoWe (Stat.), i m., 
W. ; Margate, llj n. ; Canlerbary, 
12 m. by road. 

Heuehhofle&i, see Loweetoft. 

Hershah, see Walloa-on-Thamei. 

H«!rflortl (Herta.), Stats, Gt. 
East, and Gt. North. Elys., 27 m. by 
rail, and 21 m. by road from Londou, 
Inn» : Saliabnry Arms, Fore-street ; 
Dimsdale Arms, Fore-street ; While 
Hnit, JUfkct-placo ; Green Prajou, 



HESTFOBD—HMXHAM. 



217 



M^deiiliead-stre«l ; Railway Taverns, 
by the railway Btationa. 

Of the old Caatle, which vriii re- 
gardod aa a place of imporlance in 
early times, little is left but an em- 
battled wall, Borne IragmeDts of towers, 
aod a moDod. The mansjoii standing 
on its Bite is now the residence 5 
Philip Longmoi^ Esq., part of it 
being fitted as the judger lodgings, 
and occnpied b; Ihem at the assizes. 

There are some noteworthy monu- 
ments inside All Sainta Gh. 

Chriets Soipital School, the pre- 
paratory school for Chrisfs Hospital 
(the Bluecoat) School, London, ib at 
ihe E. end of the town, on the 1. of the 
road to Ware. 

BaUg Park, S.E. oE the town, on 
the rL of the road to Hoddeedon, the 
seat of the Manjais Townshend, is a 
stately brick Btructuie, erected in the 
reign of Charles I. 

Bengeo, } m, N. of Hertford, is 
pleasantly situated on high ground, 
with tile Lea river below it on tlie 8,, 
and on either side its tribntaries, the 
Bei* on the W., and tbe Rib on the 
E. Ware Park Is immediateJy N.E. 

The old Ch. (St Leonard'n) is 
reached from Hertford bj a pretty 
walk of } m., having the Lea on the 
rt., and on the I, a high sandy bank, 
wood, and rabbit warren. It is now 
only need when there is a bnrial in 
the ch.-yd. 

From Beneeo old ch., there is a 
charming wait (2 m.) across tbe Rib, 
and through Ware Park, to Ware. 

Bayfor^nvry. the seat tJ W. E. 
Baker, Esq., lies } m. nearer Hertford. 
In it are the bmous portraits (46 in 
number) of tbe members of tbe Kit 
Gat Clnb, painted by Sir Godfre; 
Kneller. 

Panihaager, the seat of Earl Cow- 
per, is in Hertingford parish, about 
% IB, W. of Hertford. Cole Green, on 
the 8t. Alton's and Hatfield Sianoh 
of the Gt. North. RIy., is the ue 
railway station, about IJ m. I , 
charming walk through Panahanger 
Park; but the distance is very little 
farther irom the H^iagfordbuTy Sta- 
tion, and the walk is eqnally beantiful 
through tlie otbcr side of the park, by 



a path nearly parallel to the Maran, 
liOTe a very pretty stream. 

Tbe Drawing-room, or Picture Gal- 
lery, as it is sonetiiaes called, in 
which the more important of the 
paintings are hung, is a noble and 
richl; fumiahed room, lighted by 3 
lanterns, and a large My window 
from which you ha^e a splendid view 
over the t^race gardens and park. 
Other rooms contain good pictures ; 
but the visitor who obtains permission 
to view the pictures, will do well to de- 
vote hia attention chiefly to this. The 
Italian mctures, which constitute the 
glor^ of Panshonger, are eiceptionally 
rich in tbose of the Florentine school. 

The park is very delightful, finely 
timbered, undulating, with the pret^ 
Maiau winding through it, and below 
tbe house expanding int« a lake. Its 
pridu is tbe famous Panahanger Oak, 
which stands on a broad lawn, a little 
to tbe W. of the house, and has been 
figured In most of the published his* 
toriee of English trees. 

Access to the park (and, upon appU- 
c&lion, to the grounds) is most liberally 
accorded; andpeimissionisveryfreely 
granted to see the pictures, whenever 
tbe rooms ore not actually occupied b; 
the family. 

HKBTmoFOBDBtiBr, Bfic Eertford. 

Hest Bake, see Lancaiter. 

Hestok, see .Hmiiuloic. 

Hbvbb Castix, see Twiibridge Wdit. 

Hexham (Northnmb.), i hr. 
by rail fr^m Newcastle, and 1} hr. 
from Carlisle. Jitns: White Hart; 
Black BaU. On the E. of the Market- 
place is a fine grey tower (probably 
temp. Edw. HI.), passing under the 
Gothic orcli of which a street called 
Hallgoitb, leads to another large 
tower (date unknown), called Moat 
Hall, notable for its narrow lights and 
comioe-hke range of corbels. On tbe 
W. of Horket-place is the Ahhey Ch. 
{once the Cathedral) of SI. Andrew, a 
magnificent specimen of E. E. ; it ia 
Burmoimted by a tower 100 ft. liigh, 
with an arcade of 5 lancets. It was 
formerly cruciform, but the nave Was 
destroyed temp. Edw. I. The cii. is 
entered by door in S. of the transept, 
wliicli is 157 ft, long, and (J6 ft. Iiigb, 



218 SEX 

and has Early punted arches; in 
th« coDtra are the magnificerit arches 
which Bupport the lower ; the carv- 
ings of some of the corbeis are very 
rich. In this transept are coliected 
most of the monmoents of the ch. 
A few fragmentB only remain of the 
fine screen of the Ogle shrine, the 
aJtai-piece of which was a most in- 
teresting triptych of the 14th cent. On 
the B. ia the besutiful oratory called 
frioT Eiehar^i Shrine (the founder 
being reallj Prior Lechmao, 1*79-99). 
The Choir is separated from the tten- 
sept bj a riddy-carred and painted 
Bood-ecreen (c. 1500), and ia a ^ien- 
did specimen of E. E., restored and 
modernised 1860. N. hangs the hel. 
met of Sir I. Fenwich, killed at Mar- 
ston Moor. Beneath the site of the 
onvo was discovered (1726) a Saxon 
Cnnd, part of the original ch. built 
by Wilfrid. S. of the transept are 
remains of tiie E,-E. Chapter house. 
The most perfect remuins of the mona- 
atery are the Refcotory, with an oak 
ruol, and the Norm. Abbey Gateway, 
with additions of temp. Edw. II. W. 
of the ch,-yd. is a promenade, called 
Hie Seal. The eminence called " the 
Priest's Seat "has a fine view. Several 
interesting Ezamiotu may be made 
from Heiham— Cll 2* m. 8. by a path 
requiring a guide, is The Queen'i Caoe. 
Immediately below a farm near " The 
Black Hill,"isthe lovely-wooded roo^ 
ravine of Deepden, or IHpUiTi ; a path 
first rt., then 1., leads oyer a wild 
stream, and up mossy Et^>s to tlie 
Cave; a path leads hence over Uie 
hills to Dilaton (see bekw). (2) m, 
S., by a bleak moorland road, ia BJancft- 
iand {hm : * Giewe Anns), hidden in 
the deep valley of the Derwent, The 
YillaKe is entsed hy an old battle- 



larger building, of which trnces are 
seen on the E. It is of stmnge form, 
running N. and 8.— an immense tran- 
sept with choir at one end, and tower 
at the other. A baptisteiy was added 
on 8.E. in 1844. The interior ia lofty 
and striking. N. of the sltv aie some 
scdilia, and in front of it two magni- 
flcont incised slabs, of a bisliop and of 



a forester. In the baptistery is an- 
other magnifioont forester's giavestono. 
The exonrsloQ may be extended to 
Sumtamnorth, 1 m. S.W. (see Stan- 
hope). (3) 2 m. S. of Haydou Bridge 
Suit. (20 min.) are ruins of Langleu 
CaetU, first mentioned 1365. 1 m. 8.W. 
of it ia Slaward-le-Peel, a favourite 
resort for pio-nics. A path through 
s wood leads to a picturesque ruined 
fragment on a graasy platform, whence 
is a lovely view down the Allen. 3 m. 
further S.W. is the beftuUfully sitn- 
ttted Whitfield (Blueback Temperonoe 
Hotel). WMffidd Rail (I. B. Ord, 
Esq.), I78S, has soma fine pictures; 
in flie piyk ia the Honk's Wood. 

(4) N. 1 m., crossing the fine 
bridge, whence are beautiful views of 
the Tyne, the spire of St. John Lee ia 
seen above the trees. 1 m. further N., 
a little on rt., is High Warden, on 
the hill-top near which is a circular 
Camp. IJ m. further N. is Uio quaint 
little village of ffoH. On the opposite 
side of the river is the beautifully situ- 
ated Fitlunc^ Cran^re. IJm.fnrUierN. 
is ChoUer/ord Stirt.— pretty scenery 
of river and wood (13 min. from Hex- 
ham). 2 m. rt., on a bill, stands the 
Chapel of St. Oneald, near the scene of' 
B battle gained by that saint over the 
Britons. From Barrasford Stat may 
be visited Haughtan Cattle, about 
1 m. N.W., picturesquely situated on 
a wooded height above the Tyne. It 
is a fine relic {temp. Edw. I.) The 
wooded banks of tho river (which 
abounds in salmon) are here very 
beantifid. Abont 4 ra. W. of Haugh- 
ton ate Ntaivriek and CAipcAoie Ca^« 
(see BeUingham) : 3 m. N.E. of either 
Haughton or Chollerton is SioinAume 
OasOe (D. Lambton, Esq.). (5) 2^ m. 
E. is Dildon (originally temp. Hen. 1.). 
interesting for its extreme beau^, and 
i\a connection with tiie last E^l of 
Derwentwator. Below the castle, in a 
glen of indescribable beauty, fiowa the 
sparkling Devil's Water. Near the 
mins stwids the moderii mansion of W, 
B.Beaumont, Esq., M.P., beyond which 
are many beautiful walks. Beyond 
the grounds aro (be woods of A^ini- 
borough, where the site of an old con- 
vent IS now occupied by DotJand Park. 



mOEQATE— HINCKLEY. 



Above thia, the DeTil's Water ii 

eiOBsed bj the picturesque Lind^t 
Bridge. Betneen Dilston and Kuna- 
borough atanda the fine maagioQ of 
E!diTB^ Backhouse, Esq., Duke's 
Honae, and immodiatelj beyond this 
is a veiy Jino scene of wood and 
water, in fact one of the prettieat in 
the district. Immediately belon the 
tocks is the " Eobbera' CavB." IJ m. 
N.B. of Dilston is Corbridge (Ibb.- 
Angel) -.iheCh-o/St. Andrea ia an- 
cient. At the N.B. corner of the mar- 
ket-place is a square Feel Tower. 1} m. 
N.E. of Corbndga is the remarkable 
and picturesque Aydon Cattle (1360- 
1300). About 4i m. B. of Corbridge 
ia the beautiful and secluded Bywell. 
A raassrve machicolati.-d gate-tower 
remains of the old Caillf, of the 
Baliols and Nevilles (15th cent.). 
((>) Most interesting antiquarian ex- 
cursions may also be made by taking 
Kiil lo Chollerfoid and exploring (a), 
tho Raman wall E., to Newcastle 
(sec), 19 m. ; or (6), following the Wall 
W., and Ifliing the NorQiumbrian 
Lakea. This last should on no no- 
count be omitted. 

HBTSfimoB, see Maldon. 

Hetseam, see Laneatier. 

HioHAM Febbers, see W^ing- 
borough. 

Hiaa Beech, see Eppiitg and Loagh- 

HiOK Clerk, see Werofrury. 

HiQH CoNiscLnTE, seo Darlinglon. 

HiOB Force, see Barnard Catlie, 

WlgtlKate: (Middi.), a sub- 
tuban village on the Qt. North- 
road, 3 m, from the General Post 
OfBoe by road, 4} m. from Kiug's 
Cross by the Gt. North. Kly. (High- 
fi;ate and Edtcware line). Iniu : -Gate- 
Souse, opposite the Grammar School ; 
Wrestlers, and Bed Lion, at N. end 
of the town; Fox & Crown, West 
Hill. 

Htghgate occupies the summit of 
Hampa^ad'a " sister liill," at the junc- 
tion of the two mttio Northern roada 
— tVom Oifotd-atreet by vtay of Tot- 
tenham Court-road, and lalington 
througti Holloway — tlie summit being 
reached by the steep acclivities of 
Jlighgato Rise and Highgatc Hill. 



The best view of London is gained 
ftoxa the terrace behind Highgatc 
Cb., which is not, however, always 
Booeflsible. 

The tall spire of S(. MidtaeTi Ch., 
which occupies nearly the highest 
point of Higngate Hill, is conspicuous 
for miles around. 

Immediately behind St. Michael'a 
Ch. ia Highgate (kmeUry, the most 
boautifolly situated of all the sab- 

HiQB Hah, see Langpart. 
HniH Ohqab, see Chipping Ongar. 
Hioswoon Hill, see Hendoa. 
HioBWOBTH, see Sicindon. 
HlQH Wyooubb, see Wycombe, 
HULESDON, see Biiakirighaia. 

Hinckley (Loicea.)-Slat., 8. 
Leiooatcr Rly. {L, & N. W.), and 
Midi. Bly., 25i in. from Bimiiughani, 
and 14J m. from Ijeiccetcr, (J?m .■ 
George) — ia a busy little stocking' trade 
town. Bee the extensive vieaia from 
the Castle HUls. 

EictH-riflTn.— 4 m. S., through Sloke 
Guiding, 21 m. (observe handsome re- 
stored ch,), and Dudtington, to Bo»- 
leorih Wield, the scene of the battle 
(1485) between the Earl of Richmond 
(aSerwarda Henry VU.) and Richard 
UI., where the latter was defeated. 
The White Moors, where Riohmimd'B 
force encamped, is J m. S. of the village 
of Shenton (Slat.) — nmnerous brasses 
in ancient ch.— and Biohard'a forces 
were on the bdiJiB of tlie Tweed, be- 
tween Dadlinglon and Stapleton. 2 m. 
N. is the little town of Mir)^£on«i>rU 
(Stat.), in the ch. of which ia a curi- 
ous font and monuments to the Dixie 
family. 4 m. further N.W., and uear 
Shakeratone Station, is Gopeall HaU 
(Earl Howe), built by C. Jennens, the 
Mend of Handel, at a cost of 100,0001. 
It contains original MSa by Handel 
and Shakespeare, and acme flne paint- 
ings. From here (he tourist who does 
not wish to return to Hinckley, may 

Jroceed to De»ford Station (Leicester, 
lurton, and Ashby line), through 
Neiebold Vadan (residence of Lady 



EOLT—EOLYBEAD. 



tance N. of Htnokley, ia Croft Eitt, 
which bos iome fine granite qnanies, 
anil commandB exteDaiTe views. 21 
charches may be bbcd from the som- 
mit The ch. (partially restored) at 
NarboTough ia well north a viait. It 
has a Norm, doorway, and E.-E.aedilia 
and piscina. 

HraoHAM, see Wymondlt/im. 

HiNK«BT (North and 80Dth), see 
Oxford (ExcuM.) 

HiNTON Chartbbbocse, see Brad- 
ford (Wilts). 

HnrroN St. Gboboe, see Creakeme. 

HiPEWELL, fee Bichnumd (Yoikt.). 



HOOHTON TOWBB, 860 Prtatotl. 

HoLKER Hali, see Grange. 

UoLKBAM, aee WelU (Norfolk). 

HoLLiKQHOBTD Laee, Bee Bochdole. 

HoLHimTH, ace Hudderefteld, 

HoLBWOHTHT, BM Ti/rringtOB, 

Holt (Norfolt). abont 12 m, from 
Ryburgh, Stat. QL E. Bly, (inn.- The 
Feathers). A clean market town, 
BtaodiDg on high ground. 

7 m. S. W. ia Jtfeiton ConitoWe, the 
B^at of Lord HaBtioge. The house 
was built about IfiSO, and ranks fourth 
in splendour and importaoce among 
the greet houaea of Norfolk. It con- 
tains some fine pictnies, a noble al- 
monry and a raro collection of medi- 
eval antiquities. A lofty prospect 
tower, called the " Bellevue," is passed 
1. shortly before reaching Melton Coq- 
Btable from Holt. The Gk. of CUij- 
next-tke-Sea. 6 m. N. of Molt, is fine, 
and deserves a viait. It has beco re- 
atored, new wofed, and new seated. 
It ia chiefly Perp. The coaat here is 
little more than a level marsh, and is 
anintereatiDg. Blakeneg, 1 m. W. of 
Cley. ia full of interest & the omitho- 

Diitaneet by road.—TFeUi, 9 
Oromer, 12 m. 
HoLTON, Bee Otcford (Exours.) 
Holyliead (Anglesey), Stat., 
264 m. by rail from Enston-sqvare, 
via Crewe and Carlisle; 84} by 
rail from Chester; and 24* m. from 
Bangor. Also included in L. & N. W. 
N. Walea New Circular Tour. Irnig : 
••Royal; Liverpool Anna ; Castle. A 
primitive town, built cloae to a har- 



bour fitrmed I^ a oonildereble eatnar;, 
important aa being tbe nearest spot of 
English gioond to Dublin, and poe- 

sesaing a Harbour of Refuge. The 
celebrated mail steamers ply between 
Holyhead and Kingstown twice a day ; 
and magnificent new vessels of the L. 
ft N. W. Railway Company have com- 
menced running (also twice a day^be- 
tween Holyhead and tlie North Wall, 
Dublin. Teasels belonging to the 
same company alao ply between Holy- 
head and Oreenore. The time occu- 
pied from London to Dublin by the 
mail packets is II hrs. ; and by the 
L. & N. W. Railway Ctnapany'a stea- 
mers, trom 12 to 13 an. At the month 
of the harbour and connected with the 
mainland by an iron bridge is Ynyt 
Halea, or the " Salt Island," from which 
a long pier of 1000 R. runs E., bced 
seawards by maaaive embankments 
which protect the harbour from N. W. 
gales. At the entrance of the pier is a 
marble arch to commemorate the land- 
ing of George IV. in 1821, and at the 
end a lighthouse. On tho opposite 
rocW side of the estuary ia an ojwiisft 
to the memory of Captain Skinner. 
Thech. ofS(. Cfrfri, ohieflj of the I5th 
or I6th cent., is the most interesting in 
Anglesey. It is an embattled, cruciform 
structure, consisting of a chancel, nave, 
aialfa, and transept, with a square lower, 
surmounted by a low, flat kind of apire. 
The present edifice, exclusive ofthe 
cbancel, appears to have been erected 
about tlie time of Edward IIL, A.D. 
1327-1377. There are remains of 3 
chapels in tho parish of Hf^hend ; 
namely, CapA Lhe/oByd, Capd y 
Touiyn. and Capei GtByngenen, They 
undoubtedly have been Roman (Ca- 
tholic chapels. The ground aronnd 
Capd y IWyn, which stands on a 
mound of Bond 30 ft. high, at the 
edge of the sea, contains many gravea 
singnlarly arrai^ed with Ute feet 
pointing to the centre. The ae& 
haa laid numbers bate. The walla 
of the ohnrcliyard on 3 ddea are 
thought to be Roman. 1} m. from the 
town are the immense works of the 
Barbour of Befnge, apeDtA by the 
Prince of Wales, August 19, 1873; 
the wotl^ comprise a N. breakwitter 



HOLYHEAD. 



221 



7860 tl. long, UDd an E. breakwater 
2000 ft. long ; with a packet pier of 
1500 ft., the two forming a giEantio 
half moon and shetterini; roadstead 
of above 600 acres of deep water. 
The breakwater is terminated by a 
head, on which is rtrected a light- 
house : the foandation ia a gteat 
mbblo mound of Hlone 100 ft. wide 
at base, above which is built a solid 
central wall 38 ft 9 in. high, but- 
mounted by a promenade and parapet 
OQ the sea side : on the harbour side, 
at a lower level, 27 ft. above low 
water, runa a quay 40 ft. wide, formed 
by an inner wall. The head of the 
breakwater is a maasive Btructore of 
ashlar masonry, 150 B,. long and 50 ft. 
wide. A visit should be paid to tha 
Quarries in the Holyhead Mountain, 
whence the blocks of stone ace con- 
veyed by rail to the works ; hence a 
rough mountain-path, passing a small 
glauite block tothe memory of Captain 
Hntebinson, E, E., leads up to the 
Signal-station of the Siiyliead Tele- 
graph; N. E. of which are seen the 
Skmiet lAand, called in Welsh, Ynys 
Moelthoniaid (Seals Island). About 3 
IQ. beyond the Skerries is the very noted 
promontory, called Cadair y Mynaefid]) 
(the Chftii of the Monastery). Tbert 
IB a very curious cave in thix promon 
tory, called Ogof y Mynaehdy (the 
Cave of the Monastery). Some country 
people believe that the said c&ve runs 
imder Ule whole island from Gadair y 
Mgnaekdy to Llec!u!ahaon, near PUa 
Owynn Peniraefh, about 5 m. S. W. 
from Beaumaris. Just underneath the 
signal-staiioD ace the Ynya Arte, or 
tfoHh Stacke, which are hollowed into 
successive caverns by the action of the 
Boa. the largest being called the Par- 
liament House, from tho noise made 
on entering by the sea-birds, which 
dwell hero in ooantlees numbers ; it is 
only accessible by boat in very calm 
weather, and at half ebb-tide. This 
wonder^ cavern ia one of those usual 
phenomena produced by the action of 
tho sea-water on the soluble parta of 
stratified rooks, especially where cal- 
careous snbstiuices are prevalent in 
their compodtion. Qnuid receding 
aiohes, of various ihapes, supported 



by pillars of rock, exhibit a striking 
and attractive scene. The promontory 
consists of high cliffs, of various 
heights, abounding with large caverns 
that afford sheller for innumerable 
birds, such as pigeons, gulls, razorbills, 
sea-ravens, gmllemote, cormorants, and 
herons. On tho lotliest crag lurks 
the peregrine laloon. From tho signal- 
station ashort steep climb lp.ads to the 
summit of the Holyhead Mountain or 
Pen Goer Gybi, 709 ft., where are 
traces of fortiflciktions, and a rude cir- 
cular tower, supposed to have acted 
as a pharos or watch-tower, ^m 
which tower, very likely, the mountain 
generally ia called in Augleaey, ISyn- 
ydd Tar. Spear-heads and bronze- 
rings have been dug up here, and a 
gold coin exhumed at Capel Lachmyd, 
at foot of mountain. 1 m. S. W.. 380 
steps, called the Stairs, cut in the pre- 
cipitous face of the mainloud. lead by 
a ohain suspension-bridge to the Sotiih 
Stack, with its magnificent nx^ sce- 
nery, where is built a Ughthouae 212 
fL above high water. Hei'e, as at 
tho North Stacks, are wonderful ca- 
verns and innumerable sea-birds; 
from the Stacks a good road leads to 
the town. 

ExcuTtiont. — A visit may be paid to 
the little Porp. oh. of Shoscolyn (about 
5 m. B.), near which is the ancient 
house of ^odtor. Another 5 m. would 
bring the tourist, by the sea-ahore, 
through tho romantic places oatled 
Oreigian GrigyU Euid Bkoa Neigyr, to 
the old town of AberffraiB, formerly 
the residence of the Welsh princes ; 
and he might return to Holyhead by 

■' from TV Oroet Station, about 3 or 

Irom Pdiieu Station, i w. N. B. 

of Valley, near the village of Bodedem, 
are the seata of Tre lorwerOi, the beau- 
til\il residence of Archdeacon Wynne- 
Jones, and Prytaddfed, now the pn>- 
"erty of the Hon. William Owen 
tanley ; in the grounds of latter are 
cromlechs. About 4 m. N. of Bode- 
dem is the village of Uanddeaeartt, 
on the banks of the Alaw : here is a 
spot called the Tomb of BTonxeen, who 
said to have died of grief on 
ring a blow from her husband. 
King of Ireland. Hence the excursion 



nOLTWSLL—nONlTOK. 



maj be continued to Llunerchnmedd. 
Another oxcurmoa may be made by 
taking rail to Ty Croet, 9 m. (Blat 
for XiuUig Lake Hotel), on the 
coast near which are a cr^nlech and 
iumuliiB. 1 m. N. W. of tbe Tillage 
U the modem Ch. of Llan/aetog, m 
which parish are 2 cromleehe. About 
1 m. N. E, of Ty Cioea U the little Oft. 
of Tal-y-Uim, about 4 m. N. W. of 
which is the reetored Ch. of Cerrig 
Cemioen, which has an intewsting oit- 
cnlar 12th-cent. font with 6 sculptured 
compartments, also a scnlptuied tomh- 
atona over the door ; about 8 m. fur- 
ther on in Uanqefni. 

Ditfance*. — Dublin, 69 m.; Bangor, 
by road, 24J m. ; Anilwcb, by to»A, 
20 m., or S6 m. by rail ; Llan^-efiii, 23 
m. by mil; Llanercbymedd, 29j m.by 

Holt Islahd, see Bamborough. 

Hol.Twell (Flint.), 230 m. by 
rail from Faddiugton or Euston-square 
etd Chester (the town being 2 m. from 
the station), and 16 m. by rail from 
Chegtw. Jraw." King's Head; King's 
Arms; Red Lion; and Antelope. 
Immediately below the ch. is tbe cele- 
brated well of St. WinifreA (the chief 
object of interest), the Boene now 
as formerly, of frequent pilgrimages : 
apart from the miraculous power attri. 
bnted to it, it is remarkable for the 
enormous quantity of water it supplies, 
more than 100 tons nminuta, and hardly 
ever varies in amount. The sweet- 
scented mosa (Jvngermannia aspfc- 
nioidet of Liuneus) grows on sides of 
the well, and the stones are coated 
with a vegetable production called 
Bijtsut jolilhut. The Cluipel over the 
well, erected by Margarot, Conntess 
of Sidimoud, is an exquisite specimen 
of late Perp. work: the groined arches 
which rise from the sides of the well 
aro adorned with figures and csont- 
cheons of the Stanley bmily and 
others. 30001. have been expended 
in erecting public hatha and improying 
tho old well building. 

The Baths now consist of the octa- 
gon well or basiu, invalids' cold bath, 
two plunge baths, one of which is 60 
ft. in Icngtii, and four hot, cold, and 
shower baths ; also a douche bath. 



In June ISiO a Hospice wns opened 
by the Boman Catholics of Holywell 
for the reception of the poor and. 
afflicted who visit the well, where 
they are provided with gratuitous 
lodeicg. 

Tbe "Feast of St. Winifred" is 
celelmited in Holywell Eoman Catho- 
lic Chapel in June and November of 
each year, on which occasioos some of 
the bones of St. Winifred, enclosed 
in a small box with glass top, are pro- 
duced and kissed by each member of 
the 






In the Ch., tho tower of whicl 
du«c% above tbe chapel, i 
less effigy of St. Winifred. 

Exairfiont. ■ — Baiinymerk Abbey, 
about 1^ m., near railway station; the 
ruins (latter half of 12th cent.) consist 
of portions of tho abbey cli., refectory, 
abE)ot's buildings, bam, and graugo, 
which have been allowed to fall into a 
rlisgraceful state, and the refectory 
lias been converted into an out-build- 
ing on an adjacent &rm. W. of refec- 
tory ia an E.-E. building, with 7 lancet 
windows, probably a guestcn-hall. 
Along E. side of ravine, near the 
abbey, Walt's Dyke may be occasion- 
ally traced. The entioence on which 
the abbey stands commands fine and 
extensive views. Montyn is about i m, 
from here along the tumpike-road. 
To Wkitfoni, from Holywell, about 
3 m., whence Gamy Moanfaiii and 
' Matn AehiBiffan may be visited, and 
the excursion continued 8 m. beyond 
to Newmarket and tbe " G<m^' I m. 
fnrtlier. To Caerwyr, about 5 m. ; to 
Bagpit, about 2 m. E., where is a new 
G.-E. Ch. ; to Maid. 9 m. by tumpiko- 
rmd and Ihrougli Northnv, 8J m. over 
the Halkya Mountain, Rhosesnwr, and 
past Moel^y-gaer. To PanUaapb, 2 
m., — a delightftil walk — where there 
has been eetobliahed the largest Fran- 
ciscan Capuchin monastery in Wales, 
and, with one exception, in Biwland ; 
also a beautiful ch. (R. C.) dedicated 
6t David, and a large convent nnd 



DJrioncei.-^FIint by rail, 4 m. 
Rhyl, 13 m. ; SL Asaph, by road. 10 
m. ; or, by rail, via Bhyl, 19 m. 

Bonlton (Devon.). Stat L. & 



HORNS r—HORNSEY. 



S. W. Ely.. Yeovil and Exeter BruDch. 
Inm: Dol'pMn Hotel; An^el Hotel. 
The town is plcttuesquely situated in 
the valleyof UioOtter, Very littlo lace 
is now tnjule hero, the manufactare 
having been temoved V> Deighbouring 
Tillageii. The old Ch. is vorlh a visit. 
Obs^e the late Perp. Bcieen (probably 
the work of Bp. Courtanay, 1477-87 
— the "haughty prelate" of Shakes- 
peare's ' Eichard III. ;' tomb of Tbo- 
maB Marwood, phyBieian to Queen 
E!lizabeth, d. aged 105 ; and grotesque 
heads on ceiling of eh. 

Excareiom. — (a) To Sembury Fort, 
Z\ m., passiog, 2 m., the village of 
jlwiisooinfte, where the good Perp. ch. 
deserves a visit. The Fori is a fine 
specimen of an ancient camp, and 
tlie lofty ramparts ate in excellent 
preservation, li m. distant is the 
Ch. of Broadhemhary. The W. win- 
dow is very good. Toplady, author 
of ' Rook of Ages,' was for some 
time vicar, (b) to Fancay (800 ft.) 
and Broad Doums, on road to Sid- 
iwHrfft. (e) lo Btimpdon Hill (879 
ft), 2 m. N., having an summit a 
lar^ oval camp ; tlicnce, 2} m., to 
Molam'e Ottery, the scat of the Carews, 
of internet to the antiquary, though 
litUe remains of the old house ; thence 
to the ruins oi DiaiketaeU Ahbey, S m. 
from Honiton, founded for (jisCercian 
monks, 1201. It ia 7 m. &om Honiton 
iaSidmoath. 
HoPB, see GatSebm. 
HopTOH Heath, see Wetlon (StafTs,}. 
Hornby (Lane.)— Stot. Mid- 
land Ely. (inn; Castle)— is charmingly 
situated near the confluence of the 
Wenniug with the Lune. Close to 
the station is the Catde (J. Foster, 
Esq.), a fine pile of buildings, origin- 
ally erected by Sic E. Btonley, Baron 
Honteagle ^temp. Hen. VUI.). The 

oldest portion is a laigr 

tower or keep, on the N. 
which is Sir B. Stanley' 

v et gant" Visitors are allowed 
application. The Ch. has 
1 tower and contains a 
> Dr. Lingard, the his- 



on applica 

lonal towe 



HoEunMasHAU, see TFarmtnsfer. 

HoniM«a (Yorksb.). Stat. N. 
E. Ely. (Hull and Hornsea Branch, 
~ 1 in.), jnn : Alexandia Hotel. 

Hornsea, like Withemsea, has some 
pretensions as a watering-place. Only 
those, however, who wish for entire 
quiet, and who can find Interest is the 
peculiarities of this nnpictnresque 
coast, should seek it. although there 
are some pleasant walks in the neigh- 
bourhood of the Here. 

The Ch.. which stands high, is 
Dec. and Perp., the portions of the 
latter period (clerestory and chancel) 
very good. 

The point of greatest interest at 
Hornsea is the Mere, which closely 
adjoins the town, and is the largest in 
the county, nearly 2 m. long, 5 m. in 
circumference, and j m. across at its 
broadest part. It is dotted with small 
wooded islands, and aboimds with 
pike, parch, eel, and roech ; but the 
fishing is kept strictly private. For 
Sxouritione, see Hull. 

Hornsey (Middi.), a once 
rural, now suburbsa village, but still 
retaining some of its primitive fea- 
tures, 2 m. N.E. of Highgate, 5} m. 
from the General Post OfBce by rood, 
1 m. from. King's Cross by Gt N. 
Ely. The station is about } m. S.E. 
of the church. Imu: Three Com- 
passes, by the church ; Great Northern 
Tavern, opposite the church ; Bail- 
way Hotel, oy the station. 

Westward &om the church is a plea- 
sant lane to Muswell Hill and Alex- 
andra Park. A footpath frooi the ch.- 
yd., S., leads to Mount Pleasant (222 
ft. high), and thence lo 

Fin^ury Park, of about 120 acres, 
opened in 1869. It is laid out in the 
landscape-garden sbrle, and affords 

Croaeh End, on the S.W. of Honi- 
sey. has still some pretty rural lanes, 
like that to Stroud Green. Nearly 
opposite Chriatchurch is a stntion on 
the Highgate, Edgware, and High 
Bamet branch of ttie Great Northern 
Bailway. Between Crouch End vil- 
lage and Priory-lBne, Highgate Aroh- 
way-road, is a pretty field walk over 
the brow of the hill by the Bhep- 



224 



MORSHAfS—noVNSLOW. 



. fine 



herd's Cot, Dear nhicli 
prospect. 

FoTti* Green m a liamlet of vlllaB 
and cottages lyine between Mnawell 
Hill and ihe Fmchley-road, IJ m. W. 
of HoruBey Churcli. 

JHuwceH Em is about 1 m, W. by 
N. of Homsey village, end 1} m. N. by 
E. of Higligate. There is a statioii 
on the Alexandra Palace branch of 
the Gt. N. Rlj.. 6 a. from King's 
CroBS. Innt : Green Man, at tne 
auimuit; Victoria, at the foot of the 
hill. 

The place owes its name to a holy 
well near the t«p of the hill, over 
which B chapel waa erected in 1112, 
by the Priory of 8t. John of Jera- 
salem, at Clerkenwell. The well still 
remaine on the E. aide of Colne; 
Hatch-lane, and though covered, the 
itater is accessible by a pump. 

The Alexandra Palace and Pari 
occupy the E. portion of the summit 
and the S. and E. elopes of the Hill. 

Horsham (Snasei). Stat L. 
B.&S.C.Rly. Inna .- 'King's Head ; 
Auchot; Black Horse. There ia some 
pleaaantcountry in the neighbourhood, 
but the only object of interest in the 
place itself ia the Church, which well 
dsBervea a visit. It ia E. E., with 
Perp. additions. From the ch,-yd. 
pleasant with, crossing thi 
leads to DesTK Pari 
to the public. It 
views over the N. weold. 

3 m. N. of Horsham ia Field Place, 
the birthplace of Shelley, the poet. 

St. lAOtvaTWt Forek, contwning 
abont 11,000 acres, lies E. of Horsham. 
It ia moaUy oak and l)eecb ; but there 
are eitenaive plantations of larobes, 
and the large ponds overhung by fine 
tieea are partloulafly picttvesqne. 

Mke Mil^i (prenoQQced locally 
"Mick Milla'e") Soice, the principd 
avenue in it, ia 1} m. long, and 
taina 15,000 trees. 

An excursion into the forest should 
include flbimfruift 2buier, picturesquely 
situated, and St. Leonard'! Lodge. 

i m. from Horaham, and 8. of St. 
Leonard's Forest, ia NathuT$t, in which 
parish the scenery is perhaps more 
attiBotiva than that of the forest itself. 



Nvlhur$l Lodge commands very fino 
views, i m. N.W. from the house are 
the remans of an ancient castle. The 
little church of Nuthurat is ancient, 
and worth notice. Theeicursion may 
be made to include Enfpp CastU and 
Weil Grinetead Park Home, in the re- 
tom to Horsham. 

HoBSLBY, see Olterbum. 

HoBTON (Yorka,), see Setlh. 

HOCQHTON COHQUECT, SCO AmplkiU. 

HouanniN-LE-DALE, see WaUittg- 

Houqhton-lb-Spbihg, see Sander- 

Kounslow (Middx.), a t«wn 
on tlie main western road partly in 
the pariah of Heaton, and partly in 
that of laleworlh; 9 m. from Hyde 
Park Comer, and a station on the loop 
line of the London and Soath-Weatem 
Railway. 

The fame of Hounslow ia mainly 
due to its Sealh. The cavalry bar- 
racka are on the rt. of the road, about 
i ui. beyond Hounslow. Opposite to 
them, on tlie 1. of the road, is a drill 
or exercise ^ouml, of about 300 acres. 

floftnsIoiD Pavtder Milli are situated 
on the King's and Isleworth rivers. 

EeKton, 1 J m. N. from the Hounslow 
Stat, of the L. & B. W. Ely., and n 
like distance S. from the Soutbalt 
Stat of the Gt. W. RIy., ia a village 
of three or four irregular streets, con- 
verging upon a dirty little triangular 
green. About the village ore a few 
old timber-framed houaea. 

The entrance to the ch..yd. E. of 
the frreen is by a large picturesque old 
oak iKiA-gnte. 

From the back of the ch.-yd. there 
ia a pleasant walk of about a mile to 
Otterley House, a stately red-brick 
mansion. Tlie interior is still aplen- 
did, and contains some antique sta- 
tuary and interesting pictures. The 
park, of about 350 acres, contaius 
some fine elms. A public road and 
path crosses the park from Syon Hill 
to Norwood. Osterley is the property 
of the Earl of Jersey, and is now the 
residence of the Dowager Duchess tA 
Cleveland, 

HoviNGHAH, see Thirsk. 

HowicE, see EmlAeloa. 



ntfCKXAlL TOSKASD-BUDDESSt'lELD. 



2-25 



HoTLAEE, see Birkenhead. 
Huehnall Torhard 

(Notts.). Stat., Midi. Gly. (Manafleld 
Branch). A tablet In the Ch. was 
placed in memory of Lord Bjtoq, who 
ia buried here, b; hie Bisler the Hon. 
Aaeiuta Miiry Leigh. A second lab- 
let IS erected to Ada, daughter of Lord 
ByroD, wife of Earl Lovelace. The 
oldest tablet is in memory of the first 
Lord Bjraa (Bichard, d. 1679), who 
folbwed the fortnaea of Charles I., 
and fbaght in (he Civil Wars. The 
church was rebuilt, and a south aisle 
added in 1S73. At 8haWt Farm is 
the largest box tteo in England. 
£xcur«ioB.— 3i m. W. to Be 
Abbey, fonnded, temp. Edw. III. 
Carthusian monks. What little ia 
left ia incorporeted in a iarmhouse. 

HudderMlleld (Yorks.). Stat. 
L.AN.W.andLanc&York.Rlys. Inne: 
•George H. (cloae to atat.); Imperial 
H.;QiteenH. Thisisacleanstone-bnilt 
town, standing partly in the vnlley of 
the Colne, and partly on a hill rising 
toward the N.W. The staple trade of 
cloth-weaviog is carried on, not only 
in the town, but in nil the Burrouod- 
iug district; there is a lai^ and ia- 
creasing foreign trade in woollen goods. 
Except its mills and lactones Hudders- 
field contains little to interest the 

The Mechamot Inelitution, in North- 
nmberland-street, a little below the 
Pott Office, hns a good reading-room, 
open me to strangers. It is one ' 
the most flourishing in the Mngdoi 

Tho Literary and ScUntific Society, 
in South-street, has a small niuaenm, 
and lectures are given during the 

The Ardvr^logical and Topographi 
eal AiiociaUim, founded ia 1864, has 
the nuclans of n library in a room 
allotted lo it by the President, Thos. 
Brook, Esq., in Burston-road. 
Pleasant excursions maybe made to 
(a) AlmondimTjj Camp (Castle Hill 
as it is generally called), 3 m. from 
HaddersUeld, which may be easily 
reached from the Berry Broiv Slat, 
of the Holmfltth Rly., whence it 
ia distent 1 m., or from the Fenay 
Bridge Stat on the Eirkbortou Bly. 



Oaslle Hill is abont 900 ft, above tho 
sea, and is crovmed by an embank- 
ment. The villi^ of Almondbury 
lies N.E. under the Castle HiR The 
Ch., dedicated to All Saints, is worth 

About 1 m, from the Tillage is 
Woodtome Sail (a seat of the ^1 of 
DartmoDth), one of the most charm- 

J; old places in Yorkshire. It is an 
mirable specimen of a good York- 
sliire house of the I6th cent, The 
is as little cbaoged as the out- 
side. A gallery runs along one side 
of the h^l, which, with its old por- 
traits, armonr, cabinets, and enormons 
fireplace, affoids an admirable study 
for the artist Woodaomo m^ be 
iently reached from the Fenay 
Station. 

(b) 8I(i<^, the ancient Oambodnnum, 
is 4| m. from Huddersfleld, W. There 
ia a good road passing Trinity Ch., 
and leaving Iiindley to the rt The 
pedestriEiD may walk to it along Long- 
wood Edge. Although other places 
have been Sied as tlie situatloa of the 
Roman town, the discoveries which 
have been mado here render it tole- 
rably certain that thia was the site of 
Cambodunura. A sloping piece of 
ground, of about twelve acres, is divi- 
ded into enclosures, called the " eald." 
or "old" fields, on which, says the 
local tradition, [here formerly stood a 
great tower. Many remains have been 
found, and a thorough esamination of 
the "eald fields" has been mado by 
the Yorkshire Archieologicul Associa- 

(c) The short railway from Hud- 
dersfleld to Kirkburton is a, branch 
of the London and North -Western 
Railway. At Kirkheaton (Stat.) is a 
Ch. prettily situated. Fenag HiiU 
(Fenay Slat.) ia a handsoino old tim- 
bereii building, of Ilia 17th cent. At 
Kirtibarlon is a fine Ch., E. E. and 
Perp., reslored. 

Holmfirlh, a htrge manufaotniing 
village, high up in the valley of the 
Holme, may be visited from Hudders- 
fleld by the Manchester, Sheffield, and 
Lincolnshire Railway. It is best 
known as tile scene of the terrible 
catastrophe of the bnrating of tha 



Bilberry reservoir, on SQk Febmary, 
1852. The sceoerj of the valley ia 
ve^ pictureaqne. 

Hhqhensbn, £ee Wycombe. 

HuisH Efibcwfi, see Langport, 

Bull, KlniTMtOD-iipoii- 
(Yoiksll.). There are two Baihray 
SialioM. The Paragon Blot., near the 
W. entrance of the town, whence the 
North Eealeni Company's traine leave 
for Goote and Doncagler, Selby, York, 
by Beverley and Market Weighton, 
Bridlington, FUey, and Scaiboroogh. 
Also for Withenuea and HomBea. 

The Manch. Sheff. A Line, Company 
have a station in Neleon-etteet, close 
to the Vidtnia Pier, which connects 
Hull with Lincolnshire, and provides 
an alternative and somewhat shorter 
though not a quicker route to London. 

Numerous Steamers start from Hull 
for foreign and British ports; the 
times of sailing are duly advertised, 
and may geneially be found in isiad- 
Bhaw. There is a daily (Sunday ex- 
cepted) Packet Service between Hull 
and Gainiborough, calling at Grimsby, 
Goole, and Keadby, and between Hull 
and Biigg (Thuradoy and Sunday 
excepted). 

Innt: " Eoyal Station Hotel, en- 
tared from the Paragon Station ; 
Vittoria Hotel, close to the Pier and 
Doeka; and the Cross Keys in the 
Harket-plaee. 

Hull ranks third in commercial im- 
portance and extent of sh^pingamong 
the seaports of Great Bnlain (only 
surpassed by Liverpool and London). 
The old town is in reality on islnnd, 
ETurrounded by river Humber on S., 
river Hall on E., and 3 docks N. and 
W. 

It does not possess much attrao- 
Hon Cor the ordinary tourist; but 
it is the great packet station for the 
north of £urope ; and the laiger part 
of the imports firom Holland Den- 
mark, Norway, Sweden, Rnsaia, and 
the ^ttic, finds its way to this port. 
It is, therefore, a place of extreme 
bustle and activity ; and tbe prospects 
from the sides of the docks, crowded 



One of the most striking and charsc- 
teristic views may bo obtained from 
the Mylongate Bridge (between tbe 
"Queen's'' and "Humber" Docks). 
In the forefront there is the Queen a 
Dock and its crowd of vessels, in the 
distance Whitefriar-gate Bridge and its 
stream of uassengets and vehicles, 
whilst as a backgrooud there are St. 
John's Church, the Wilberforce mouti- 
ment, and tbe Dock OfBcea. 

The objects to be notice<I are tho 
Dodit, the Chnrchee of Holy Trin% and 



; the Trimly Eouie ; WiS>er- 
foree llouse ; the Muemm ; the Town 
Sail ; the Exchange ; tho Dock 0^ice$, 
and the Park. 

The most important features in the 
town are the Dockf, wMob, though far 
inferior in extent to tbose of Liver- 
pool, yet well deserve attention. The 
Hull river itself forma a natural dock, 
narrow, but thronged with vessels and 
lined with warehouses for a distance 
of 1} m., and imtil 1778 was tbe only 
dock Hull possessed. It is crossed 'of 
the South Bridge near its mouth, 
about J m. higher up by the North 
Bridge, about | m. Aiitber up by the 
Swaun-street Bridge, and also by the 
"Sculcoates" Bridge of the North. 
Eastern Bailway Company. A cut 
Irom the Hull leads E. into the Vic- 
toria Dock, Another on the W. eom- 
munlcales with the " Queen's," and 
other Dock^ extending through the 
town from the Hull to the Humber. 
The Albert Dock opens irom the basin 
of tbe Humber Dock, and thns is in 
direct communioatioQ with the Hnm- 
ber itself. The vidtoi who desires to 
make a thorough examination of these 
docks had better proceed at once to 
the most easterti— the Victoria Dock — 
and so work wastwards. Two new 
docks Bra now (18T6) in prt^ress, and 
ere long tbe present dock accommoda- 
tion will bo donbled. 

The Qwtye, landing stagee, and es- 

Slanade, extending along the Humber 
'om the Victoria Hotel westward, pre- 
sent at moat hours of the day scenes fiill 
of life and interest, not only from tbe 
ships, stetuners, fishing smacks, and 
other craft, and the sl^m ferries and 
packets crossing and Kfxosaag, but 



also &OD1 tlie 

especially ou market days, and 
arrical of foreign, vessels or the Bailing 
of a fishing " ' 

ThelVtn 
in Englao , „ 

London and NewooatJe) which was 
founded, flist as a religious frtttamity, 
in 13G9, is an establishment for the 
relief of the decayed and distressed 
seamen of the meichant service, theii 
vidows, and children; and foi the 
booTi^e and beaconage of the Humber. 
It has also a Navigatiou School at- 
tached to it, in which 130 sons of 
aajlors lecoiTO a eood &ee edncation, 
and elothea. It has eamod the ap- 
pellation of " the Model Navigation 
School." The Trinity House itself 
was re-erected in 1753, and is bnilt 
Tonnd two courls, with a chapel 
(opened ISiS) between them. It con- 
tains interestiiig pictnros, nantical 
relics of ancient date, and plate, and 
is shown on application to the house- 
keeper. 

Near the angle at which the Junc- 
tion and Old Docks (now Prince's and 
Queen's Docks) meet rises the Filber- 
foTi» Mfoaixaent (completed 1835), a 
Doric pillar of sandstone 72 ft. bigh, 
snnnounted by the statue of WiSiam 
WHberforet. This eoiinent philan- 
thrt^isl was bom in High-street, 
Auk. 24, 1759. 

Near this monument, and bordering 
the Queen's Dock, is the Neio Dock 
Office, an elaborate structure of Renais- 
sance type. 

The Park, given by Z. C. Pearson, 
Bsq. (ei-mayor), lies 1 m. N. of the 
town, and is well worth viaiting. To 
W. of the park is a fine boulevard. 

The most imporlant of the Hull 
ChuTchu is that of the Eoly Trinity 
ia the Market-place. It is the largest 
parish oh. in England. The restoration 
was begun in 1860 under the care of Sir 
G. Q. Scott, and although siuue 30,0001. 
have been spent the work is not yet 
(1S76) completed. There is a good 
general exlemal view from the S.W. 
angle of the yard. 

81. MiaTT^i Ch. in Lowgafe (almost 
retnilt) has a large Pent. E. window, 
of which the tmcery deservee notice. 



LL. 227 

It possesses some of the finest moderu 
stained glass in tliia ooDutry. The 
general effect of the interior is very 
striking. 

The Toaa HaH (Cuthbert Brodrick, 
archit.) is no doubt the finest modem 
building in Hull. The style is Italian, 
with a clock tower or campanile. 

Sigh - tireet, the most important 
street in ancient Hull, now a narrow 
and iocoovenient lane, follows the rt. 
bank of the Hull. Here were the 
hoDses of the great Hull mfirchanta. 
About half-way down the street (I. in 
descending) is WiUterfonx Bmue or 
BuHdinge, in which William Wilber- 
foice was bom. On the rt. side of the 
street is the Qeorm Yard, connecting 
High-street and Lowgafe, with some 
15th-cent. portions. Another ancient 
inn was the Kitig's Head, also in 
High-street, and appatentt^ of the 
end of the I4th cent., and in Silver- 
street stands the White Hart Ion, 
once the residence of the Governor of 
Hnll. 

In the newer part cf Hull, N. of the 
docks, the chief place to be visited is 
the Soyal Inetiiution in Albioa-Hrtet. 
The building was opened in 1851 
(Cuthbert Biodriok, archit.), and con- 
tains nnder the same roof the SiJucrip- 
tioa Ltbrary and the Jfuseunt of ibe 
Literary and Fhilotophieal Society. 
Popular lectures are given every 
Saturday evening throughout the year. 
The Maaeum contains many curiosities 
worth notice (admiasion Id.^. 

Excarsiota may be made to Beverley 
(20 min. by railwayX but CoUingl^m 
(stat.)CA. should be seen on the way; to 
Burton ConddOe (by railway to iforn- 
ua, which place may also be visited^, 
the stalely park and mansion of Sir 
F. A, Talbot Clifford-Constable. The 
hoiue is of various dates : but the two 
principal fronts (E. and W.) may bo 
temp. Jeuucs or Charles I. ; the grand 
staircase and the library are especially 
worth notice.. To the highly pictur- 
esque ruins of Thornton AMiey. Take 
eteam-ferrv at Corporation Pier to 
New Holland Stat., and thenoe by 
train (11 mins.) to Thornton Abbey 
Stat, close to the ruins. 

To the Churches of Hedoit (SJ m.) 
Q 2 



228 



SVKGSRFOnD—irVXSTAyTOS'. 



B»d FatringUm (14 m.) on tha Hull 
anil WithemseB Railway, The great 
western portal and the aisle portals 
N. and S. of the Ch. of Hedon should 
be examined on the eiterior. The Ch. 
at Patrington is not only one of the 
gloriee of YocltBhire, but of England. 
It would be difficult to mention a more 
perfectly beautiful church. Thenavois 
separated from its aisles, and the tran- 
septs from their aisles, by very graceful 
clustered oolumna. On the exterior, 
the W. window, the tracery of the aisle 
windows, the bnttresses which divide 
each bay of nave, chancel, and tran- 
septs, the groteBq,iie guigoyles, end 
the doorwayin the N. transept, should 
be especially remarked. 

To Barton-on-HuviLer, 6 m. B.W. 
(Inn: George H.), by ferry to N. Hol- 
land, thance by rail, where there are 
2 interesting churches, one of them 
(S(. Peler'i) of Saion origin. 

Wilhemeea (20 m. by N. E. Ely.) 
B. watering pl»ce, which is gradually 
rising in public favour, owingchieB^to 
the salnbrity and dry and bnioing 
character of its atmosphere. The 
neighbourhood is imintereating, but 
thntuisagood hotel "The Queen's," 
and D pier ia rapidly approaching com- 
pletion. 

HvLNB Abbet, see Alniniek. 

Huns-erford (Berks.). Slut, 
G. W, Rlj. Jim.- 'Three Swans (in 
the town) very good: the only one. 
This town, which is partly in Wiltshire, 
is watered by tho Kennet, and the 
Kennet aud Avon Canal, and has 
long been the favourite resort for the 
angler. It consists chiefly of two 
good streets, with a Town Halt, 
in whicli is carefully preserved an 
ancient horn given to the tomnsmen 
by John of Gannt, along with tlie 
flahery in the Kennet, which is a con- 
siderable source of revenue to the cor- 

The CL. which was rebuilt in ISU, 
contains n good Perp. font from the old 
edifice. 

■2i m. E, is Avingbia, a villogo poa- 
Boeaing one of the most interesting 
churches in the county, a very small 
edifice (75 ft. by 14 ft. 7 in.), which 
ba« been jndiclouBty restored. It if 



worthy careful study, being very good 
Norm. The chancel arch and that of 
the 6. door are very fine. 

Litilecote Ball, i m., the seat of the 
Pophams (no lon^c shown, not even 
hen the family is away), situated in 
well woodtd park in valley of the 
Kennet, It is a picturesque speoi- 
:en of an almost unaltered Ifith-cent. 
lansiou. The house is full of interest- 
ig objects. Among the numerous 
family portraits are those of Judge 
Popham and Nell Gwyn. 

IliiDiitnnTon (locally called 
HuHfton) (Norfolk,). Stat. Gt E. Ely., 
about I hr. by rail from Lt/nn. The 
station is at the now town, gene- 
rally called "St Edmund's." Letters 
should be directed accordingly, other- 
they go to old Hunstanton (the 
vilkgK), Ijm. distant. Inns.- (at 
St. Edmund's) (iolden Lion; Sand- 
ringham H., a large hotel, built by tjia 
railway company. At Hunstanton vil- 
lage, Uie '- Le Strange Arms," quiet 
and old fashioned. Lodgings abound 
at St, Edmund's, but it mnst be re- 
membered that during the summer the 
place is eiposed to constant forays 
of excursionists. Tha chief attractions 
7Uff, about 1 m. long, and 
ch at its highest point, tho 
ly beach below it, and the 

There is a pleasant walk along the 
cliff to the lighthouse, near which are 
the shattered ruins of St. Edmund's 

The old village of Ilunstantoa lies 
somewhat inland from tho lighthouse. 
The family of Le Strange Imve been 
lords here siiice the Conquest. The 
Ch., of early Deo. character, was 
almost entirely rebuilt by the late Mr. 
Le Strange. It is very beautiful. The 
oaken roof ia rich and massive, witji 
half figures of the Apostles in tho 
nave, and angels in the choir. Bound 
the font are panels in mosaic. 

Near the Ch. is tlie entrance t« 
lion Hall, the ancient residence 



of the Le Stranges. The house is for 
the most part ix tho end of tho 15Ui 
cent. It is surrounded by a moat, aud 
contains some aneient armour, old fiir- 
nitive, and fnmily pictures. 



HUNTINGDON— HYTHE. 



The Ch. at SneUisJiam, 1) m. 
tiie SnettiahuQ Station (5^ m. from 
HuustnJilon), Hhould be visited. The 
positionof tieeh.ia striking, and there 
IS much pleasing scenery iu the iicigh- 
liourLood. The tower was central; 
but the chancel and N. transept 
ruined, only tingments of wall lem 
ing in each. The composition of the 
towei ia fine ; and the amiDgeinents of 
the tower windows should be noticed. 
The W. froid of the ch. is remarkable, 
and resembles, on a amall scale, the 
W. front of Peterboroogh Oatljedral. 
The windon above the porch is su- 
perb. The piers and arcties of the 
naTfl are loftj iind fine, and the clere- 
Bto^ above them is remarhable. 

HoNSTANwoBTB, Bee Slanhope. 

Buntlntrdon (Huntingc 
Three Stats. : (a) G. N. Ely., 59 m. from 
London, and 19 m, from Peterborough ; 
(j>) G. E. Bly., 77} m. from London, 
ma Cambridge and St Irea June. ; 
and (c) Midi. Rlv.. Kettering and 
Cambridge branch (Inns; George 
Hotel ; Fountain Hotel ; visitors re- 
commended to sleep at Peterborough 
or Cambridge) — is pleasantly situated 
on 1. bunk of the Ouse. The ancient 
Ch. of AU Saints, in the Market- 
pluoe, has been well restored by 
Sir a. G. Seott. The stained glaas, 
pulpit, and font are especially note- 
\>orthy. In one of the old registers 
kept in the vestry, is the celebrated entry 
of the baptism of Oliver Cromwell, \o- 
gether with the record, about twenty 
years later, of his having done pen- 
ance. The Protector's fiither was 
buried in the Ch., 1617. His younger 
eon. Col. Wm. Cromnel], who died of 
the plague, 1666, was buried at ^m- 
tei), 10 m. N.E.,and 6J m. ftom Holme 
Jane, G. N. Bly. On the outskirts of 
the town, W., is Hinckin^rooli, for- 
merly the residence of the Cromwell 
family, now the seat of the Earl of 
Sandwich. In memory of his eldest 
son, killed iu the railway accident at 
Abbots Bipton, Mr. Dion Buucicault 
Las undertaken to restore, at his own 
ooa^ the dilapidated bul1din|2:s of the 
(Jrommor Scftooi in which Oliver 
Cromwell was educated ; also to erect 
A drinking fountain, St Marij't CIi. 



(under restoration, 1876), situated 
between All Saints Ch. and tha 
bridge, was rebuilt 1620. It has a 
very One tower and some remarkable 



The 



run in July) is about five minutes' walk 
from the Market-place. An ancient 
stone bridge (erected before 1259) 
crosses the Onse to, i m. S., Godaian- 
cheeler, the site of (lie Bomau station 
Purolipons. Eimbollon (Stat. Midi. 
Ely.) IS 11 m. W. The Ch., E. E. 
style, la worth a vimt. At the Ca$tU, 
seat of the Duke of Manchester, Cathe- 
rine of Arragon, wife of Henry VIII., 
d. 1536. The collection of pictures 
includes fine examples of Holbein, 
Eubens, Vamlykc, Kneller, £c., and 
the Library is very valuable and ex- 
tensive. 5 m. E. of Huntingdon is St. 
Iveg, where bgtli the Midi, and G. B. 
Elys, have a station. Inn: Golden 
Lion, There is a, reading room in the 
Mutual Improvement Society's offices 
in BuUock-raarket, and in the Literary 
Institute, close to the Marketplace. 
At Hemingford Greji, 1} m. &.W., the 
Ch. of St, James is a very ancient 
structure, and contains some good spe- 
cimens of Norm, and E.-E. architec- 
ture. 8t. Neoti (Stat. 0. N. Ely.) ia 
9 m. S. of Huntingdon. Tbe Ch. 
(Perp.) has a flue tower, some interest- 
ing wood-carving, and good stained 
glass. The Ch. at Samiey (ti. tupra) 
is well worth a visit. In the ch^kcel 
is a remarkaMy flne and interesting 
lectern of wood. 

HoBLisr, Bee Tliamet. 

HuBSLET, see Winehester. 

HcRSTHOHCEDx, scc HaiWtam. 

HuBWoaTK, see Darlingtrnt. 

HuTTOM BuBCEL, See ^aTboraugh. 

Hyde Ahbsv, see Wiacheiter. 

HVLTON, see Suaderlaad. 

HvTHB (Hants.), see Southampton. ' ' 

Hythe (Kent), Stat 8. E. Ely. 
Inm, Swan: White ^rL This is 
one of the cinque ports, but there is 
now a waste of^ shingle, a mde widr^ 
between the town and the sea. A 
suburb has been formed on the shore, 
lome houses erected. The School 
of Musketry has been established here, 
id the shore westward ia thickly 
udded witti rifle-butts. 



EYTHE—ILFRAOOMBE. 



The Ch. (8t. Leonard's) Btnnds on 
high groimd cofumanding a flue view 
of the aea and Romney Maiah, and 
well deaeirea a riait. In what ia iro- 
propetlj called the omit, ie tin extre- 
OTduiary cotleofon of huioaii BkoUs 
end bones. 

I m. N. of Hfthe are the remuns of 
Saiiacod'CiKtU, pictcKsquel; situated. 
Within the outet w&Ua was a hvxA 
deep moat. Beyond the most ia Qvb 
inner QaMwate, flanked by tvo cir- 
cular toweta feltwood Ch. liaa been 
restored and is worth a Tisit. 

At L^ne. 3 m., are the ruins of 
tile ancient doafrum, now known as 
Stud/aU Cattle. The area (about 12 
acres) ie nnevon and intersected by 
hedges ; and the visitor who desires to 
obt^n a proper idea of tbe Oastmm, 
and of its relation to the haven, should 
walk down to the canal bank, and 
thonco look back npon it. 

Adjoining the Weetenhanger Btat 
(3i m.), among some fine old walnnt 
trees, are the remains of the ancient 
mansion of Weilenhimger, a good ex- 
ample of tlie fortified manor hooae of 
the nth cent It is surrounded bj a 
broad moat, enclosing a quadrangle, 
the walls of which were defended by 



remain; and tbe interior buildings 
have all but disappeared, a brmliouse 
having been huilt on part of the site. 
(See also Fdlkeitone.'} 

loKLESHAM, See WinclulUea. 

loELivsBAM, see Bury St. Sdmuade. 

lOEWOBTB, see Bury St. Edmwtda. 

iDEEitL, aee Sevenoaka. 

In-LEr, see Oxford (Excuro.). 

IrOBS, see Leaei, 

lOHTSAH, see Senenodla, and Tan- 

Ilau, see Dovedale. 

Klfiracotnbe (Devon.). Stat. 
L. & S. W. Bly„ irfo Exeter ; also con- 
veniently reached by Qt. W. Bly. from 
Paddington viS Taunton and Barn- 
staple. In the season, four-horse 
covered waggonettes mn three times 
daUyin connection with Gt. W. trains. 
Holders of Gt. W. Bly. tickets cannot, 
however, travel by rail between Barn- 
staple and It&acombe, without pay- 



ment of extra &re (Ss. Srst-clasa 
return) to the L. & S. W. Bly., to 
which company the new line belouga. 
A pleasant mode of reaching Hfra- 
corobe in summer time is to take the 
train from Bristol to Portisbead, 
thence by steamer, or to proceed 
direct from Bristol by water. 
The latter steamers call at Swansea, 
going and retiuriing. Tlie Cornish 
st(«mer also calls at Ilfracombe pier 
on its pasaase between Wadebridge, 
Padstow, and Bristol. Inni: **nfni- 
combe Hotel; *Royal Clarence, com- 
fortable ; Britannia, near the harbour. 
There are also numeroas lodging- 
houses. The chief attractions of tbu 
increasing and now fashionable water- 
ing-place are its fine bracing air, 
bold, picturesque coast scenery, and 
its convenient position for dalightfol 
excursions inland. On the E. side 
of the Ilfracombe Hotel, and between 
it and the harbour and new pier, is 
thelpleasant $ea toalk, well supplied 
with seats, round Cap^'/ne HiU. The 
headland (117 ft.) seen beyond, ia 
HeUiboroiigh, on which is one of 
those old earthworks called " Cliff- 
castles." From it the visitor may 
ramble through the village of SeU to 
Watermoalh, SmaUrnunith, and Combe 
Marlin (aee Lynlan). On the W. side 
of the hotel are the Baths, and the 
charming walks (admission Id.) ronnd 
the cliffs known as tbe Seven Tcre. A 
tunnel at the back of the baths leads 
to the Ladiei' BaOiing cone. The little 
hill between Capstone Hill and the 
new pier is Lantern BiU, on which la 
the lighthouse (once an ancient chuiel), 
the lower part of which is now fitted 
as A newsroom for the inhabitants and 
visitors. A w^ or ride to Lynlon 
(20 m.) affords an opportonity M ex- 
ploring the finest scbnery in the 
county. For routes, &c., see Lynton, 
In a westerly direction the visitor can 
make an excursion to the 7aH«/ of 
Lee, Boekham, Morthoe, and the Wool- 
laeoJtibe Sands (about 6 m. distant), 
tre also Bideford. At tbe end of the 
Warren forming the !K. point of Itortt 
Bay is a magnificent aea view, with 
Lundy Island in tbe distance. S. of 
MortJioe we the Bands and Sarritaite, 



ILEEBTON^ILKLEY. 



a delightful spot, where the beaoh con- 
aisls ofanoat entirely of sheila, many 
beaatifnl and curious. On \he road to 
JJorBgtopie, 12J m,, is Bro«?iton, 8 m,, 
where the Oh. wUl repaj a visit. 

IlkestOD (DeiV')- Stat. Mid. 
BI7. (Erewaah Vail. Branch}. Inn: 
KuUand Arma. The Gh. oantaina a 
fine stone Deo. screen. There are 
mineial springs res^abling those of 
Beltzer, and baths of great repute in 
rhouniatlam and acrofula. 

Ilkley (Torkahiro). Stat Midi. 
Ely. (Leeds io Ilkley). It may also 
be reached by a branch of the N. E, 
Kly., by way of Arthington Jnnction. 
The jooniey &ani Leeds by tdthei 
line occnpiea about 1 hr. Innt 
••Middleton H.; The Crescent H. 
Albion. 

Hydropa&ie EitaiAiA'menia at which 
Tiattors who are not patienla are re- 
ceived— Ben EhyJding; nklevWella 
House ; CntighuidE, Troutbeck, and 
West View, are cheaper eetaUish- 
menta ; the Wbarfedale Couvoleeoents' 
Home, for persons of moderate means. 
Carriages may be hired at the railway 
station. Tickets for fishioK in the 
Wharfs may be obtained at £e hotels, 
2«. M. a-day. 

□kley BbtQi 
S. hank of tl 
Bombald'a Moor. It derives its im- 
portance wholly from the water-our* 
estabU'shnients wbicb have of latt 
years been established in its imme- 
diate neighbourhood. From the vil- 
lage in flie bottom of the vale, ax 
array of villas and terraces is spnaA- 
ing up the hillside. 

Ben Bhyddiag, at which there ii 
railway station, staods about 1} m. 
of the village. It is a palatial pile 
the Scottish baromal style, surrounded 
by plantations and beautiful gromids, 
and commandiog very ^e views. 
-The bonae can accommodate 160 
-visitors. 

10% Wtlls Bmue is also a stately 
tmildii^i eioellentty fitted np, and 
commanding fine views. 

The ChuTi^, for the most part early 
Uec., has been restored, to the confu- 
Bion of the antiquary. Observe at the 
yi. end of the N, aisle the morions 



pews of carved oak (1633X and in the 
oh.-yd. the three remarkable soulp- 

Pleasant tealke may be taken in all 
directiooa froia Ilklev. Overlianging 
Ben Bbydding are the Cmb OTid Ca^ 
Bociia, 1 m. S.E., oommanding a mag- 
nificent view of Wharfodale. 

Beyond Ilklev WelU House, the 
Panorama Bock commands a wide 
view of the hills N. of Bolton aod 
Bkqiton. 

SumbalSi (generally called Bomell's 
Kumblea} Jifwir (1323 ft) 2 m. B-, 
is well worth climbing; the views 
&om it are most extensive. A pleasant 
walk or drive may be taken across the 
moor to KeigiUy, the distance about 
7 m, 

Other walks may be taken to HoUm 
floU, Ii m. on the Skipton road, the 
old honse of the Hebere. It is now a 
rather picturesque farmhouse with 
gabled end and mtdlioned windows. 
JViin/ DeU, 3 m. N. from Ilkley, above 
the hamlet of Middleton, is a wooded 
glen worth visiting. The Black Ton 
(3 m.), a waterfall in I«ngber Gill, is 
picturesque. Denton Park, .t m. N.E. 
Carriage drit« through the Park. 

Tourists who intend to visit Bolton 
Priory, and the beautifnl scenery on 
the Wharfe between the Priory and 
Bsrden Tower, must take the road to 
Skipton (Skipton is 9 m. from Ilkley), 
and tnm oQ' the road a little before 
they reaoh Addingbam (Suan Jnn), 
S m., whence Bolton is 4 m. (it is 6 
m. from Ilkley). Beyond iteanuley, 
and at Boltoa Bridge, 2 m. from 
Addiogham, the Daxnuhire Arm» 
Hold will be passed, a good inn, 
which may be need for a day or two 
by those who desire to explore the 
Bolton scenery at leisure. But the 
visitor who desires to make bimnw lf 
really acquainted with thia conntry, 
ahould give at least a fortnight to ft, 
and establish himself in one of the 
farmhonaee of the ueighbonrhood, 
many of which take lodgers. About 
i m. beyond the Devonshire Arms are 
the honsea of the guides to the Priory 
I and to the woods. (U. is charged for 
all carriages cutting the woods, 
I which are uee to persons on fbot.) 



232 



ILKLET—IPSWIGS. 



The niina of Bolton Priori/ stand 
apatcb of open ground, roiuid which the 
WharFe curves. Much wood clusters 
about the ruins aud the river bank ; 
and acroas the Whajfe a steep rock 
riaea. The chief relic of the Priory is 
the church, the nave of which is per- 
fect, and baa been restored, but the 
Test of the church is in complete ruin. 
The lowta walls of the choir are Trans. 
Norm. Observe the beautiful view, 
looking across the chuir, through its 
S. door. 

Of the eonrentaai buildings, the 

The Fnory Bam, with some ouiiooB 
timber work, is still used, and ia worth 

BoUoB Hall (Duke of DeTousbJie), 
which stands a aliort distance W. of 
tho church, is entirely modem, with 
the esoeption of the central portion, 
which was the gateway of the Priory. 
The hall, formed out of the ancient 
archwaj, is represented in Landseer'B 
well-known picture. Tho house is 
sometimes shown, and costains a few 
pictures and portraits of interest. 

The woods and walks of Bolton are 
freely open, except on Sunday. The 
Boenery between the Priory and Bardon 
Tower, where the Wharfe, for about a 
distance of 2 m., runs through a deep 
wooded ravine, ia of tho finest cha- 
tacter. The walks aud drives through 
the woods are so numerous that (espe- 
cially if the visitor'^ time be short) it 
will be better for him to bo acoom- 
panied by a guide. 

Across the river, and climbing the 
aide of Siraoa Seat (1593 ft.), whence 
there is a magnilicent view, is Bolbm 
Park, the ancient deer-park of the 
ClifEinis. Bimon Beat may be reached 
either through Bolton Park, or from 
Barden. The latter is the easier route. 

The scene at the Utrid is ciceed- 
ingly fine, eapeciaUy after rain. The 
river is here hemmed in between ledges 
of rocks, and the scene is in great 
fiivour with artists. Be&utlfol paths 
wind through the woods and along the 
hillsides ; aud a little beyond the 
Strid, Barden Tower rises beyond the 
valley, backed by slopes of heather. 
The ruin Is (hat of a large squfire 



building, the greater part probably of 
Henry vll.'s time, with a chapel at- 
tached. A part of the tower adjoining 
the chapel still serves as a farmhouse, 
and lodgings are sometinieB to be had 
here in summer. The view from tlio 
front of the chapel is very fine, and 
tho whole position of the tower, with 
Barden Fell rising behind it, is most 
piotureeque. There is a picturesque 
fall on tho Gili-beek, which descends 
to the Wharfe a litUe N. of tile bridge 
below Barden Tower. From SWjrfon 
may be visited tlje grand scenery at 
Gordale and Malhun (see Skipton). 
Oil^ and Otleg Ckevin (925 a) are 
distant 20 mins. by rly., the latter 
commandii^ a beautifhl view. It ia a 
pleasant walk to Arthingtou Jnnc, 
4 m. In the Ch. at Otley are some 
Fairfax monls. 

Insestse, see Stafford. 

iNstBBOEOUGH, See Settle. 

I'sai.ECOV, see Settle. 

Ihkbbbrow, see Aleeiter. 

IssTOW Quay, see Bideford. 

Ifflkpen, see Weiolon Abbot. 

Ipswich (Suaolk). Stat Gt. 
E. BIy. Bteamers run three times 
a-we^ in the summer time (daily, 
except Sundays, in August) between 
London and Ipswich. Steamers also 
ply several times daily between 
Ipswich and Earmeh (time 1 hr.). 
Iims : White Horse, Tavern-street ; 
Crown and Anchor, Wcstgate-street ; 
Golden Lion, Corn-hill, 'remperonce 
Hotel, Princess-street This town is 
agreeably placed, on a gentle slopes 
at the head of the salt-water estuiuy 
of the Orwell. A tolerably good idea 
of its position is to be obliged from 
the hill above the railway station, and 
a belter one from the tower cj' St. 
Mary-at-Key. 

Ipswich contama fourteen chuiobes, 
but most of them are not remarkable. 
SL MaTgarrffi ia a Dec. building, with 
some Porp. additions. The wooden 
roof of the nave is very ricb, thongh 
much mutilated. The tower is fine, 
and the stepped battlements of the 
church should be noticed. jS^ Mary- 
td-Totxet bos been rebuilt, with the 
exception of the Perp, piers and arches. 
At V.19 end of ttte S. aisl^ is a loftji ntid 



IPSWIOH—ISLEWOItTE. 



Yery piotuiesque tower, capped by a 
spite. The Ck. o/St. Mary-at-Key ii 
Perp. with a very good nftve-roof. Tin 
font and lofty lower deavxve atten- 
tion ; also a braea, in very good pre- 
BerfatioD. 

8parroa^» Hovte, in tiie Old Butter 
Market, now occupied bj Mr, Haddock, 
bookselUr, is on excellent apecimen uf 
Chariea IL ornameDtatioD. 

The 3fu«eum, in Umeum-stieet, iM 
worth visiting. It is open free 
throughout the week, except Monday, 
from 10 A.K. to 5 rjs., and from 7 p.m. 
to 9 pji. There is a rich colleetion of 
foaailB from the Norfolk and Suffolk 
Craa 



ch.-;d. This gateway is the sole relic 
of the college. It is a low Tndor 
portal in brick, in a state of fair pi< 



The Lower Ar1)metum (admiaei 
Gd) ia divided trata the upper by a 
narrow lane. The upper ia Gee to the 

The Factory of Xettri, Bamomea, 
Sinu, and Mead, the well-known 
makeiB of agricultural itnplcmenta, on 
the banks of the Orwell, adjoining 
the Ipswich Dock, is well worth ' 
lag. It covers thirteen acres, 
employs more than 160U men. 

The trip by steamer to Harwich 
shonld on no account be omitted. 
The banks of the OrneU rise in un- 
dulating and vaiied slopes, covered 
with rich woods and lawns. Freston 
Tower is worth notice. From the 
bends in its course the river is land- 
locked, and, when tho tide is up, re- 
sembles a liiie inland lake. 

Walki.—(a) Fin MiU, 6 m., halfway 
between Ipswich and Harwich, at 
which the steamers call, crossing 
Stoke Bridge and Bourn Bridge, and 
proceeding through Wherstead, " 



, To 

Sproa^Mon, Bramford, and Claydon 
(4 m.). in the Valley of the Gipping, 
retumin" by raiL (c) To Gains- 
burough-lano, by way of Bishop's Hill 
and thQ laoe-conrse, returning by the 
footpath which skirts the Orwell, 
Wootverttone I'utI: (Mr. Herners) is 



uudohiting and finely wooded, and for 
permission to visit it and to iuspect the 
beautiful gardens, ferneries, dairy, ic., 
application should be made to Mr. 
Shepherd, the bead gardener. On the 
opposite side of the river are the 
beautiful seats of Colonel Tomline 
COrwell Park), and Sir G. Broke- 
Middleton (Shrubknd Park), 

The gardens of ShnJiland Park, 
6 m. from Ipswich, are shown on 
Fridays by written application. They 
well deserve their great reputation. 
There are 65 acres of dressed ground, 
admirably varied. 

FdinloiK iHolelt ; Bath H. ; Pier 
H. ; Manor H., all comfortable), on 
the tongue of laud between the Orwell 
and Deben, is a pleasant village fre- 

Juented in summer for sea-bathing. 
t may be reached in J hr, by rail- 
way from Ipswich, Irom Harwich by 
sleam-launcn to Walton, opposite 
Pier Hotel; or by road, 12 m. from 
Ipswich. 

Ironbridre (Salop), — Stat. 
Severn Valley Bly. and Gt W. Ely. 
(Jjin: Tontine) — is a town dependent 
on the adjoining coal and iron works 
of Coalbrookdole, sitnated in a Une 
gorge of the Severn. It is celebrated 
for its £rMi3e,ofcast-iron,withanoroh 
of 120 ft, span, erected by Abraham 
Darby in 1779. It is well seen from 
the railway, and is interesting as 
being the first iron bridge succeasMly 
built. Buildmae Abbey (seo Bridij' 
north) is 1 m. W. ; and the Coal^rt 
Ckina Works, 1 m. E. Madeley is 



Wdliiig- 



1. N.E. 

lHTHLD4GBOaOUGH, 
bornugh. 

Isle ot GitiiN, see Sheerneta. 

ISLEUAu, see Ely. 

JCslewOrtll (Middlesex) lies on 
the 1. bank of the Thames, between 
Brentford and Twickenlium, g) m. 
W.S.W. from Hyde Park Corner, and 
about i m. E. from the Spring Grove 
SUt, uf tho L. & a. W. Bly. (loop 
liuc). It extends for 3 m. along the 



s, where the ri 



sylvan, Kew Gardens and Richmond 
Lower Park lining the opposite bank. 
Jnn .- Northumberland Arms. Tho 
mile &oca Bremford is occupied 



I8LEW0BTB—KELVBD0N. 



b7 the ducal park and palace of Sjon. 
Then come the iTy-clad ob. and mill , 
and the rivendde yiUage, with its good 
old - faahioaed red briok lesideiioes, 
shopi, aad Ixnthonsea. 

Syon (or Sion) Home, the seat of 
the Duke of Northumberland, elands 
in a Bmall park, which Bbelches ftom 
Brentfbl^ to Isleworth along the L 
bank of the Thames, opposite Kew 
OordeDfl. The chief entrance is hj 
the Lion Qate, on the HoimslDW-ioaci, 
} m. beyond Brentford; but a, murow 
lane at Breatford End, a short dis- 
tooce E. of Uie gate, Wds to a pubUa 
footpath, irbioh crosses tbe park to 
iBleworth and affoijs a good view of 
tbe house. 

It oeonpies the tite of Sjon Mouas- 
teiy. The house and appurtenances 
were granted by Edw. VI. lo his uncle, 
the Duke of Somerset, Lord Protector, 
who built himself a stBtel; masBion. 
On bis San it reverted to the down, 
and in 1553 the King granted it to 
John, Duke of Northumberland. Bj 
bis execution 6;on again reverted to 
the Grown, and in 1557 Queen Mary 
restored tbe monttater; and recalled 
the nune. On the acoeatiion of Eliza- 
beth the monastery was again sup- 
pressed. In 1604 James I. granted 
Syon to Henry Percy, Earl of North- 
omberland. By tbe marriage, in 1682, 
of Lady Elizabeth Percy, Syou was 
conveyed to Charles Seymour, Duke 
of Somerset, and shorUy affer his 
death, 1748, his son and successor, 
Algernon, gave Syon lo his daughter 
Elizabeth and her husband Sir Hugh 
Smithson, who was afterwards created 
Duke of Northumberland, and in 
whose descendants the tiQe and es- 
tates have since continued. 

The furniture and decorations are of 
the most costly kind ; there are also 
some good portraits and other pictures. 
The OalUry extends tbe entire length 
of the eastern &ont, and is 135 ft. 
long, 14 ft. wide, and 14 ft. high. It 
is arranged as a combined museum 
and library, and contains, besides a 
flne oollec^on of books, 
obiects of antiquity. 

The Great Oooservalon . 
fono of a wide crescent, with pnviliona 



extremities and a lofty oentral 
dome. The centre, 100 ft. long, is a 
tropical house, and is said io contain 
the finest collection of tropical plants 
in any private eetablishmeut in Eng- 

Tai,Tp (Nortbants.), see Tkra^ 

lauF (Oion), see Oxford (ES 

Itington, see Leomituler. 

In Bbiboe, see Dartmoor. 

IxwoBTH, see .Bury St. Edim 

Jabbow, see Sanderland. 

jEitTAUi.x AsBET, see NorOialhrtoa. 

KEDDmsTON, see Clare. 

Kbdlkston Hall, see Derby. 

KeiiThler (Vorksh.) (pron. 
"Keathley"). Stat., Midi. Ely. The 
Worth FoU™ Ely. eJso nms frran 
Keighley to uxenhope. Jnn : 'Devon- 
shire Arms. The town is pleasantly 
situated. A very healthy walk of bo- 
tween 7 and 8 m, over Rnmbald'a 
Moor, will bring the tourist to llMey 
(see). 

On the abort branch rulway to Oxen- 
hope iBifau<Dr(A(6tat.)— Inn: Black 
B^l — intereatitig from its association 
with tlie Brontes. It was to this place 
that Mr, Brente brought his wiie and 
children in Feb. 1820; Charlotte, the 
eldeet, died here May Slat, 1855, 
having, with the exception of a short 
residence in Brussels, ^nt almost the 
whole of her life at Haworth, where 
her novels were written. Mr. Bront« 
died in 1861, aged 85, having been in- 
cumbent of Haworth for more than 41 
years. 

Kbi.i>, see Biekmond (Yorks.) 

KzLOAX, see Neaark. 

Kelvedon (Essex)— Stat, Gt. 
E. Ely. (Jnn*; Angel; Star) — consists 
of one long street, extending from the 
th. to the station, olose to which is a 
bridge over the Blaokwater. In the 
Swim tavern is some curious wood 
carving and panelling. 4J n. S.E. is 
Tiplree Hall, where Mr. Mechi carried 
on his important experiments in agri- 
culture. Tho special distinction of 
this &rm is the irrigation with liquid 
monore. A curious and amusing 
visitors' book is kept at the fiirm, in 
which Etrangera &om every part of tLe 



KENDAL— KESWICK. 



whete ere some muin&ctories of silk, 
silk-plnsh foi hats, and velvets. The 
Ch. IB a fine Peip. bnildiug. A Cis- 
teician abbej was founded here bj 
Kfng Stephon, in 1142, tho site of 
nhicb is marked by an old farmlioiise, 
1. of the road from Colchester, accoss 
the Blackwater. The lemsins are 
Boantj, bnt afford the earliedt instance 
of mediffival brick whioh has yet bean 
notioed ia Eoelaud. At the top of 
the hill, bejood the river, is a chapel 
of the 13th cent, long nsed as a barn. 
This chapel has been restored, and 
some good tiling wae fonnd doting the 
works. It is not possible to detenuioe 
the arrangement of the monastio build- 
ings, and even the site of the ch. is not 
certain ; bnt tbe remains deserve notice 
as arobiteetural &agmeats, and are en- 
tirely of late Norm, and Trans, cha- 
>act^. The brickwork should every- 
where be noticed. Numerous Roman 
remains, especially luna and coins, 
have been fonnd at Coggesball. The 
painted glass window, described by 
Walpole, still remains in the chancel 
of Meegittg Ch., 2 m. At a distance of 
lather more than 2 m. is Layer Harney 
HaO, bnUt 1520-3 (see also WWuim). 
X£.«ndal (WeatmorO, Btat,, L. i 
N.W. Ely.^iassengew by main lirn 
change at OzenMlme June. (Inns 
King's Arms Hotel ; Commercial) — 

?leaaant1y situated, on the Biver Kent, 
'here are several important woollen 
mantdaotoriea, which give employ- 
ment to a large amnber of the mha- 
bitanta. The fine old parish Ch. is 
well worth visiting. It is chieQy : 
markable for having 5 aisle^ and 
the E. end are 3 private chapels. Tbe 
helmet suspended in the N. aisle be- 
longed to the redoubtable Major Phil- 
itwon (Kobin the Devil), of Belle Xale, 
Windennere, who rode into the ch. 



ferred to by Sir W. Scott, in ' Rokeby. 
The NaiKTol HUtory Society'e Muteitm 
has a good collection, especially of 
fossils &om tbe ne^hbouring carboni- 
ferous limestone (admission by order 
flora a member of the Society, or on 
payment of 61.). IJ m. 8.W. of the 
■ town is the bold emiueijce of •" " ' 



HarterF 



Soar, which commands very striking 
views. "A walk round the B. extre- 
mity of the Fell will amply repay 

'itul section 

id Silurian 
beds Sown to tbe level of the moss." 
■Sedgwick. 

It is a pleasant stroll to the Ca$lU, 
m. &om the town, on an eminence 
I the opposite side of the Kent river. 
The mins consist of 4 greatly dilapi- 
dated towers and portions of walls. 
Little is known of its history (temp, 
circ 12th eent.). Qneea Catherine 
Parr was bom here. There was a 
Watererook, 1 m., 
and several relics found near it OK 
Mnsenm. The line 
of the fbsae may still be traced. 

Excurnon*: MardaU GreenillaiiKi- 
teater) ia IS m. from Kendal. Fol- 
lowing the Penrith road for 4} ra,. 
Long Sleddale Valley is reached ; 
thenoe over the Gatesgorth Pass, and 
cart-road between Braustree and 
also PonriOi). There 
are frequent trains to Windermere, 
10 m. ; to Oienholme Junction, for 
Lancaster, Penrith, and Carlisle. Ket- 
aick may be reached either by train, 
j>i£ Penrith, 3J m,, or W coach (de- 
lightful drive of 22 m.) from Winder- 
mere (see Laku) ; Lesen* Halt, 5 m. 
S. (Hon. Mrs. Howard),--Bee Grange, 
Kenilwoeth, see Coventry. 
Kehnal Vale, see Truro, 
KENnaBEABE, see Tiaerton. 
ICent'K Bank (Lane). Stat. 
lUy., 5 min. by ti " ' 
-Sands, pleasant 
, of the cliff facii „ __ . . 
cambe Bay and sands. Good lodgings 
may be had. 

Kebbt, see Montgomery, and Seuh 

Kehset, see BatUetgh, 

EESSDfGLAKD, Bee Loweitoft. 

Kesioh Couuoh, see Eaya. 

Keswick (Cumb.) Stat. 60 
min. by train from Penrith, L, £ N. W. 
Bly. Holele : Keswick, adjoining the 
station; BoyalOah; George; Queen's; 
Atkinson's Ijake Hotel. Conveyances 
also meet the trains from ** Der- 
wentwater Hotel and Tower Hotel, 
both in pretty village of Porttnsaile, 



23ti 

1} m., Bitnated on opposite shore of 
Derwentwater Lake. The Lodore 
Hotel, on E. bnnk of lake, 3 m. from 
Eeawick, behind which is Lodore 
Fall ; Borrowdale Hotel, i m. beyond 
I/odare. Coaohei i times daily during 
the season to Windermeref22 m., pass- 
ing WythbuTD. 8 m., Graemere, 13 in., 
AmUeiide, 17 m., and Lowwood Hotel 
aud pier. The town lies aJoiost direct- 
ly under Stiddaw. It is an excellent 
centre fot the tonrisl, who should make 
tills his head-quarters for sevetal days 
at least. The view of the vale of 
Kcsnick from the hill, 1 m. ftom 
toTfn, on the main road to Ambleside, 
Is magnificent, and will gire tlie 
stranger a ^ood general idea of the 
nature of the district. The town 
itself is chiefly celebrated far its 
black load pencil mannfaotoriee. Pro- 
ceed to tlie bridge which eiossea (he 
Greta, a few minutes' walk from the 
market square, on either side of which 
is a pencil manufactory which are 
readily abowD to the visitor free of 
charge. From the bridge is visible 
OretA Hall, the residence of Southey, 
poet laureate, from 1603 till his 
death, Continuing on the same road 
1 m,, CroilhtcaUe Ckuriih is reached. 
There are some ancient monnineiits 
and brasses, and a fragment of stained 

ass representing St. Antbouy with 
1 end book, said to be from Fumcss 
Abbey. The font b«ui» the arms of 
Edw^ III., and has on it iome cnri- 
OUB devices. There is a recumbent 
monument of Southey, who is buried 



n front of the School-house, and 
on enkergiug from the rather narrow 
lane into the Fortinacale road, turn 
to >t,, and ctObs the bridge over tlie 
Dorwent, leading into the village uf 
I'ortiuaosJe, { m. Be-crossiog the 
bridge on return to Keswiuk, take 
the footpath across the meadows — a 
favourite walk uf Southey~and the 
road, is aguiu entered at Greta Uridine. 
.EanirrioiHi.— (u) Cattle HiU, J m. 
from the town. Pass Atkinson's Lake 
Hotel and St. John's Ch. on L, and 
continue on the Borrowdale road till 
a spuQll ticket is tenohed on 1., which 



leads through a wood to the summit of 
the hill, from which magnifloent views 
are oblkined. The visitor should on 
no account omit to take tliis walk. Be- 
turning by the load, enter the cliurcli- 
ynrd of St. John's Church, which also 
commands fine views. On the oppo- 
site side of the road is the footpath 
leading Co DeraeattBateT Lake and 
boat hodings. About 300 yards 
beyond Ihe latter is yriai'i Crag com- 
manding charming views. 

(b) A row on the lake which is Sm. 
long and 1} m. broad at widest part. 
Its principal iilaiidi are Derwent, on 
which is the residence of H. C. Mar- . 
shall, of Leeds ; St. Herbert'e, cm yihich ' 
are the remains of a cell, eaid ia have 
been occupied in 7th cent, by a hermit 
named Herbert: Ramptholmt ; and 
LoT^e hland. Delightful visits may 
be made to these and the smaller 
islands, to Lodore at the E. end of the 
lake, and t« the lovely little bays on 
either side : charge for boat-hire Is. an 
hour; St. a day; Gd. an hour extra 
with boatman. There is good fishing, 
and tickets (Is, a day) may be ob- 
tained by visitors from the Secretary 
of the Angling Association, and from 
the fish-tadde shops in the town. 

(c) Walk or drive round the lake, 
10 m., Bairaw House (8. Z. Laugton, 
Esq.), 3 m. on £. side, is flrst passed, 
in the grounds of which is ihe Barrou) 
Fall, a cascade 122 ft. high, which 
should be visited Ripply at the lodge), 
1 m. beyond is Lodore Inn, ut tho 
back of which is the celebrated water- 
fall, immortalised by Sontbey in the 
well-known hncs, "Hinp doee tte water 
come daum at Lodore." The fall de- 

. Is between two perpendicular 
rocks, Oowder Crag on rt. and Shep- 
herd's Crag on 1., clothed wilh wood. 
Near Lodote occasionuUy appears the 
Fioaiing Itldnd, A mass of tangled 
weeds. &c, rendered buoyant by gas 
evolved from decayed vegetable matter. 
J m. beyond is Somnmlale BoteL Hero 
visit the Troutdale fish-breeding house, 
and meet tho carriage at Grange 
Bridge. On the opposite aide of the 
is seen the huge Bowder Stone, 
iss of metnmorphie rock, 62 ft. 
lon^, 36 ft. high, and weighing aeaiXy 



2000 toua, depoait«(l piobably in its pfe- 
sentposition by b glacier. The pretty 
village of GraDge derives ila name from 
having been the placo trhere the 
monks of Funieas stiiived the^r aora. 
BorroicdaU (SMwfell Hotel), which 
Ib how entered, is one of tlie moat 
beautiful valleys in Britain. Before 
leaving, inspect the Bowder Stone 
and toe Fairy Cavem. [Those itho 
have time should visit the primitive 
and secluded village of Watendlalli. 
It may be reached either by a road 
hehind Barrow House (see ante), or by 
IbUowing a pony track to the 1. of the 
main rMtd a tew yards beyond the 
Bonder Stone,] Aicend Caitle Crag, 
nearly opposite Ibe Bonder Stone, for 
fine view of Borrowdale. 1 m. S. of 
the Bowder Stone is Botihaaite 
(Boyal Oak Hotel). A day may be 
■well paased here. A little further on 
the road, a turning to 1. leads to Slone- 
thiaUte, where there are branch val- 
leys — one, the Longstrath Valley, 
leading by the Stake Pass, of extreme 
beauU, into Langdale; another, by 
the Sty Head Pass to Wastwalet; 
another, by SealoUer and Honister 
Crag to Buttermere ; and the Green- 
up Valley, leading by Easedalo to 
Graamcrc. Eagle Crag separates the 
first and last-named valleys. Sea- 
HiteaUe is reached by following the 
straight road, after passing Stone- 
thwaite on 1., and Seatoller on rt. At 
Seatoller, ascend the steep road lead- 



'icK, -m 

been scaled by Lady DerwcntwateC 
when she escaped from Lord's Island. 
Return by way of Falam Crag, the 
vhole distance 5 m. 

(e) Afcfat of SkiddatB (3059 ft:,; dis- 
tance to the to^ about 6^ m. Charge 
for pony and guide, 6i. each. The route 
to the foot of the mountain is either by 
turning to 1. after passing under the 
railway at the station, to Spooney 
"recn-lane; or by striking off to rt. 
om the CroBstbwaite Sunday School, 
little beyond Greta Bridge(aee ante). 
On leaving Latrigg (the mountain at 
the back of the railway station and 
Keswick Hotel) a ravine Is crossed. 
Making now a short descent to I., a 
laborious stage of the ascent 
saces. A aatsU refreshment 
hut, about 1 m. distant, affords an 
excellent g:uiding point, and it is 
easily reached by following the direc- 
tion of the wall in boat. A second 
hut has been erected lower down the 
mountain. From Ibe former the track 
is well defined to the summit. From 

woQtwater Lake is seen in its whole 
extent. The summit commands a 
panorama SOO m. in circnmferenco. 

To the N. is the Sulway Firtli and 
the Cheviots; to theW. the Irish Sea, 
the Isle of Man, Grasmoor, and Grise- 
dttle Pike; on the a. HelveUyn, 
Scawfell, and the Felts of Borrowdale, 
beyond which are Morecambe Bay 
and the Mouth of the Dnddon; on 
Crossfell. The ascent 



Some of the finest rooflng-slate in the 
kingdom is obtained from the almost 
perpcndiculnr sides of Honister Crai 
(2128 ft.). The return to Keswicl 
^oiild be made through Gronge and by 
the W. shore of the lake, passing in suc- 
cession the foot of Cat Bells (14S2 ft.), 
Derwent Bay, rt. ; Silver Hill, 1., and 
Village of Fortinscale, 1 m. from Kes- 

(d) Ascend WaUa Crag (1234 ft.). 
Leave Keswick by the Ambleside-road, 
and torn to rt. uft«r passing the toll- 
gale. It was to tlu? height that 
Southey loved to take his visitors. 
On the top <f the crag is the cleft 
called the Lad/i Rake, said to have 



do well to listen to the advice of local 
guides before starting. Tlie desoent 
is generally made by the same route. 
Some, however, prefer to return by 
way of Bossenthwaito Lake, 7 m., and 
thence by rail, 7 m., to Keswick ; or 
by following the rood on E. side of 
Kiesenthwaite lake, or the gap be- 
tween Longside and Skiddaw Dodd, 
the latter a more romantic walk. 
From Keswick to the top of Skiddaw 
the barometer falls 3 in. 

(/) BaueathaaiU Lake, i m, long 
and i a>. wide, is well worth visiting. 
There isa good carriage^oadthewhole 
wayronndit.lSm. After pasring For- 



tinacale, the road passes the beauti- 
Mly-woodaii Thorntliwaite Fells, on 
W. or lake, nith Skiddawou opposite 
side. Near the end of the lake is the 
Swan Iqd and "the Bishop" rock. 
From here to the Pheasant Inn, at 
Fed Wyke, -which is close to the Bas- 
senthwait* Ely. Stat, is 4 m.— a de- 
ligbtfullj-vajied drive. Aftei paesiDg 
the iaa, the lailwa; is crossed, and 
Oate Bridge is reached. A few yards 
E, of the bridge is the finest view of 
the lake. Leafing ATmathwaMe HaU 
(J. Bowstead) on 1., the Castle Inn is 
reached. The distance hence to Kes- 
wick is 8 m. An easier waj of seeing 
the lakii ia to take the train to Baa- 
senthwaite Stat,, and, at the Pheasant 
Inn, hire a boat (thore is also excel- 
lent pike fishing), retumuig either 
same route, or by walking along E. 
side to Braithwaite Stat., or Keswick. 

(a) The VaXo of St. John is * m. from 
K:;awick. The Penrith railway may be 
taken fo Threlteld, 3 m.. a small vil- 
lage lying directly under Saddleback ; 
but the old Penrith coach road must 
be taken b> enable a tourist to visit the 
l>niidical Circle, IJ m. from Keawiok, 
in a field on rt. of road. The old and 
new FenriCb irnds unite 1} m, fur- 
ther on, directly after which the 
Naddle Book has to be crossed. 
Through the vale runs the fine stream 
of St. John's Beck. The vale ie " en- 
chanted ground," the scene of Sir 
Walter Scott's ■ Bridal of Triennain ; ' 
and the Castlo Bock, at the further 
end of it, is tho fairy castle supposed 
to bo seen by King Arthur. The car- 
riage can totum to Keswick by way 
of the King's Head Inu, at ThirlspoC, 
the bridge over Tbirlmere Lake, the 
Naddle Valley, and Castlcrigg. 

(A) Btencaihara, or SaddUback (ZSil 
ft), may be ascended from Scales Toll- 
gate, 5} m., on the Penrith road, and 1} 
m. beyond Thtclkeld village. The train 
can be taken to Tlirdkeld. Southoy 
recommends tho tourist who nould 
enjoy the scenery of BlencatbaTEi, to 
ascend by way of the Glenderm^n 
river, round Kouterfell, to Scales or 
Threlkeld Tarn. In this case, take 
the train to Troutbeck, 8 m., and walk 
to village of Mun^dale, 3 m. The 



distance from here to tUa sununit is 
i m. The views from the summit do 
not differ much from those of Skid- 

(i) BuUermere and Crummoelc Water. 
Waggonettes leave the principal hotels 
in Keswick and neighboarhood OYery 
morning fur thiu, one of the best and 
cheapest excursions in the Lake Dia- 
faict. The first part of the journey is 
by Borro wdale, over Honister Crag (see - 
Escars. e), passing St. John's Church ; 
Castle Hill : Barrow Fall, 2 m. ; Lo- 
dore Fall, 3 m. ; Bowder Stone, S m. ; 
Boslhwaite, 6 m. ; Seatoller, 7 m. 
From here to Buttormere is 5 m. 
After leaving SealoUer, the road 
winds up the exceedingly steep and 
rugged pass, called Butt«imere Hause. 
The once (»lobratod black-lead mine 
lies to the 1, between this road and 
Seathwaite, The road roaches its 
highest point (IlOO ft.) between Yew 
Crag on rt. and Honister Crag on 1. 
From here the road descends to Oates- 
garth, and soon after leaving this, the 
lake is reached, and the road con- 
tinues near its margin its wholo 
length, passing Hassness (F.J. Heed). 
The village of Buitermere (Jmw ; Vic- 
toria; Fis)i) is situated on the land 
which lies between the kke and 
Orummock Water. The lake is IJ m. 
long and J m. broad. Crumniock isBm. 
long, and } m, broad. Both contain 
chsr and trout, and boats are kept on 
Crummock Water. The tourist should 
lunch here and visit Scale Force, 
where the water falls 156 ft. in a 
single leap. Take the path to tho rt. 
of ''the Fislt" to the boat landinga 
on Crummock Lake. A ferry crosses 
to tho landing-place within | m. of 
Scale Force. The walk frcm "the 
Fish" is 2 m. only; on leaving the 
inn turn to I. and cross the bridge 
over the river, which joins the two 
lakes. Tho ascent of Bed Pike (2479 
fL) is easy from Scale Force. The 
summit commands a fine view of the 
five neighbouring lakes. FA pedes- 
trian can reach Wagtwater boia Bnt- 
termere by the Scarf Gap (1*00 ft.) 
and Slack Sail (1750 ft.) Passes, in 
about 3J hts. Distance, 8 m. (vtda 
infra); and Ennerdale (Anglers' luu), 



6 m., b; Scale Force and Floutern 
Tarn, 4 m. From the Anglers' Tnn 
to WaaMale Head (Inn: Huntsoian), 
h3 Windy Gap, it 10 to. The chapel 
at Wsatdale Heed ia the smallest in 
England, and the polpil is lit by a 
single ^ne of glass, inserted in the 
roc£l Before leaving Buttermere the 
touiist should visit Hartley Hill 
and the Kootts, both commandiDg 
beaatifiil vievs, and the walk to 
each occapying a few minDtes. The 
waggonettes retnni to Kesvick 
through the Nevlands Valley, the 
road oD qnittiug Buttermere ascend- 
ing B. Hause, and passiag Mill Dam 
Inn, 4 m., Birinside, aad Portin- 
Bcale; the day's exoursion, £3 m. 
ComporatiTety few tourists spend 
more than a fevr hours in the deUght- 
ful valley of Buttermere, but those who 
make a more lengthened stay there 
are recommended (1) to walk round 
tbe lake, 4^ m. After passing the 
churdi, the road rana by the shore of 
the lake. Opposite are Bed Pike, 
Hi^h Stile, and High Crag. The 
white streak of water which is visible 
running down the face of the mountain 
la Sour MiVc GiU, which issues &om 
Bleaberry TatD, situated in the bolbw 
above. The pretty villaofHassneas is 
next passed, and near the head of the 
lake tho farmhouse of Gatesgarth. 
If a drink of milk be asked for here, 
the visitor will see on the walls of a 
room more than 600 prize tickets 
gained by the proprietor for specimens 
he has exhibited of his Uerdwick 
sheep. (2) Walk round Craimaock 
Lake, m., a delightful oxcuraion. 

(3) Ltmeswater Lake, i m. Excursion 

ii) may be ooDtmued round this lake, 
t is 2 m. &om Scale Hill (Hotel). 

(4) BUabtrry Tarn, 3* m. there and 
back, situated in the noUow between 
Bed Fike and High Stile. (5) Qias- 
moor (279 ft.), which can be easily 
ascended from Scale Hill. There are 
several smalleT mountains, which 
afibrd equally pleasant excursions. 
Parties halting at Keswick and ma- 
king the Buttermere and Crtuumock 
Water excursion in a special ly-hiied 
conTeyance, are recommended to 
lengthen tht 



torn, instead of by the Ifewlanda Val- 
ley, by Seaia Sill Hotel, 4 m. bom 
Buttermere, and 1 m. from Crummook 
Water (this hotel is situated in the 
Langthwaite wood, where there is 
also a hill called the " Station," com- 
manding magnificent views) — the 
walk henoe to Keswick alone the 
ravine between Grasmoor and White- 
side, is a very favooiite one — by the 
LorUm VaU, 2 m. &om Scale Hill 
(at High Lortou, t m. from village 
of Lorkin ia the c5ebrated yaw tree, 
the " pride of Lorton Vole, scarcely 
worth visiting). At Lorton is a catioua 
old costeUated mansion 'date 1663) 1 by 
Whinlatter Pau (1043 ft.), and hence, 
5 m., by Bnjthwaite village and 
Foctinsoiile to Keswick. The New- 
lands Valley route should however be 
preferred if it cannot be included in 
another excursion, suoh as that to 
Waetuiaier bv Sty Head, Black Sail, 
and Scarf Gap Psseea, 31 m. The 
first part of the road as far as Eea- 
toUer,? m.,has been already described 
(Ezcurs..:). Hence to Seatbwaite,2m.; 
here and at Sprinkline Fell, 1* m. 8.E., 
is the greatest lainftll in England, 
Walk (ponies cannot be hired at Beo- 
thwaite), to Sty Head Pass, 2} m. from 
Seathwoite hunlet, sending the con- 
veyance to Buttermero or Gatesgarth 
to meet you at the latter place in the 
afternoon; and thence 2} m. furtler 
lo Wastdale Head. In descending, 
avoid the beaten track, which is steep 
and stony ; and, branclung a few yard^ 
to 1. from the cairn, follow an old 
grass-grown track by side of torrent, 
which meets again the regular track 
at foot of pass. K time permit, visit 
by all means during the desoent Ptert 
GiU and Greta WaUr/aB. After 
luncheon at ton (the Huntsman), hire 
boat to row to other end of lake and 
beck, or drive to SlramU (two hotels)^ 
<> m., to get good view of lake and the 
Street. If not sufBcicnt time for this, 



Head (the well-known W. 

Bitson keeps tlie inn) for the return 
jouniey over Black Sail (1750 ft.) and 
Scarf Gap (1100 ft.) PasKs. The de- 



240 KES 

6C0JA of the fonuer Pass into Mose- 
dale presentB featarea of great Bub- 
Ifniit;. The track over the Scarf 
Qsp Pass ia well defined. From the 
top yoo look down into EnnerdBle, 
the river Liza flowing throngh it 
The descent U over a rough track; 
and Gateggaith fitrmbouse, where the 
Carriage should be in waiting, is 
seen below neai the head of Bat- 
tormere Lake. The dietanee from 
Waatdale Head to Gal^agarth is 
6 m., and 2j hrs. Bhould bo al- 
bwed for it The mute for the 
next II m. to Keswick, tlirough But- 
termete and Newlnnda Vole, is de- 
scribed above. 

Those nbo visit Waetwater from 
Kesnick, and wish to avoid the fatigue 
of monnting the Sty Head Pass, can 
drive by way of Portioseale, Bmith- 
waite, and Whinlatter Pass, lo Scole 
Hili Hotel, 10 m. (sec ante); Lowes- 
water: I^mplugh Hall and Cli,, S m. 
from Scale Hill, and Lamplngli Cross 
Inn, 1 m. beyond. Honco to Catdcr 
Bridge. 28 m. from Keswick, by Fri- 
linton, Cleatnr, and Egremont. Near 
Idimplugb Cross, on an eminence, is 
an imperfect Dmidical circle, called 
Standing Stones. If it be intended to 
visit ^nnerdula IidTif, take the first 1.. 
hand turning after passing LerapluKb 
Ch. to the Anglen' Inn. The late. 
S} m. long and i m. broad, is compara- 
tively litUe visited, though there is an 
Indescribable charm in ila isolation 
and in tlio wild sublimity of the 
mountain scenery whieh surrounds it. 
It abounds with ttont and char. The 
ph.-jd. at Eiinerdale Bridfie, 2 m. from 
the lake, is the soeneof Wordsworth' 
poem, ' The Brothers.' The remain 
of the CasUe (ciraa, end of 11th cent) 
at Egremont {Inn: The Qlobe) are 
situated on an eminence close to the 
town, and belong to Lord Leconfield. 
The legend of the "Horn of Egre- 
mont " is connected with this caatle. 
From here to Colder Bridge is 
(ifotef; Stanley Anns). The beautifnl 
remains of the Abbey (founded 1734 
and afBIiated to Fumeas Abbey) are 
in the gtonndi of Capt Irwin, I m. 
from the village, and ^e walk to them, 
entered from a gate in tbe oh.-yd., " 



charming shrubbery on 1. bank 

ler Calder. 

. n. from Calder Bridge is Fonsonby 
Hall (1780), the seat of Wm. Stanley, 
Esq. It commands striking views of 
the Abbey, mountains, and sea, and 
contains some fine paintinf;s by old 
masters. Two very curious documeats 
signed by Cromwell and Fairfaic, and 
" richly carved oak bedstead (1345) 

e also shown. Gmforlh, 2 m. (Jnn.- 
Globe) is next reached, a straggling 
village, remarkable only for an ancient 
cross in the ch.-yd. of British or Danish 
origin, 14 ft. nigh. From here to 
Slrandi (two Inns) is 4 a,, tlie usual 
head quarters for Wastwater, and to 
Wast^e Head, 10 n., the whole dis* 
tance embracing some of the wQdest 
scenery in the Lake District. The 
railway route from Keswick to West- 
walcr. is to Whitehaven (IJ hr.); 
thence to SeaemU (good Hotel), or 
Drigg station (40 min.) ; and thence 
by car In Strands, 6 m,, and I m. bam 
Lake ; or to Wastdale Hcail, at upper 
end of lake, 12 m. Great Gable ('2949 
ft.) may be sacended from Wasldala 
Head by nay of the Sty Head Pass; 
from Keswick, 13 m. to summit, 

a Seathwaite, 9 m., and Stj Head 

irn, 11} m. Another route, same in 
distance, is by Honiater Pass (see 
Keitoick, Bicora. e). 

(h) miimiUer Lalte con be visited frcan 
Keswick either by driving along the 
Penrith road to Threlkeld village, and 
by the base of Blencathara to Trout- 
bock Railway Station, 9 m. (not the 
Troutbeck between Ambleside and 
WindGnnore), thence by the coach road 
to Ullswator Hotel. 16 m. ; or by 
taking the train to Troutbeck Station, 
thence by coach which meets it 
Leaving tne iun at Troutbeck Statiim, 
mil Fell is passed on 1. (1657 ft. 
high, and specially interesting to the 
geologist), MaHerdale Ch,, and village 
of Doehray (small Inn), Sj m. from 
station. A little more tban 1 m. fur- 
ther on, the shore of the lake is reached, 
with Lyulph't Toicer, in GJowbarrow 
Park, on I., where leave may be ob- 
tained to visit Aira Forte (the scene 
of the tale in Wordsworth's be*atiM 
poem the < Somnambulist *). The road 



KETTERIKG—KEW. 



211 



continneB along the margin of the lake 
for 2t m. to the UlUwater Hotel, nnd 

1 m. Deyond 1o Patterdale Hotel and 
villftge (see FaUeedaU). 

KLKttCVlns (Nortljants.), Stat. 
Midi. Hly., 12 m. from Northamptun, 
Titli braiidi line, 47 m., to Cftmbridge. 
Xnn: Bojal. The aulc point of in- 
terest in Uie town is the Oh. (otiitflf 
late Petp.) vith ver; fine tower and 
spire (date circ. 1450). The Ch. of 
Barton Sea^ave, 2 ni. E., contaiDS 
mDcli early Nonu. work. In Warltlon 
Ch., 2 m. on Stamford-road, are monta. 
of Dukes and Duchesses of Montague, 

2 of them by Raubiliac. Boughton, 
the seat of the D. of Montague, is re- 
markatde for the avenue of trees, 60 
m. in extent, planted by the 2nd D., 
John "the Planter," d. 1749, The 
hoiue containa some pictures of note 
and cartoona, two of latter aseigued to 
BaSielle, 1 ni. beyond Warktun is 
village of Geddingbm, where is one of 
the Eleanor crosses, still perfect. The 
Ch. retains marka of its Bajon origin. 
9 m. N.E. is Bockingltam CatlU. On 
the road to it, ut U m., is Glendon 
Hall (Richd. Booth, Esq.), containing 
paintings by Murillo, Rembrandt, £c., 
and a. full length portrait of Q. Cath. 
Parr, by S<&ein. Rockingham Castle 
(0. L. WatBOD, Esq.X whs built by 
f>rder of Wm. the Conqueror. The 
massive entrance gateway (13th cent.) 
is the most interesting portion. Close 
■rmder the Castlf, N. side, is the 
CAurcA, in which are old moots, of the 
Enrla of Rockingham. The fily. 
Stat, is on opp. bank of the river 
Welland, and about half-way between 
Market Harboro' and Stamford. 

Kbtton, see Slam/ord. 

WlAIV (Surrey) is situated on the 
Thames between Mortlake and Rich- 
mond, and opposite Brentford, with 
which it is imited by a stone bridge. 
The Kew and Brentford Station of tlie 
Ia & 8. W. Ely. is on the Brentford 
side of the river, and alongside it ia a 
etation of the N, L. Bly. The Kew 
Gardens Station of the L. & S.W, Rly. 
is on the Surrey side, opposite Cum- 
berland Gate, Kew Gfodens, and is in 
connection with the L. & N.W., N. L., 
G.W.,andL. 0.&D.BIye. Byroad, 



Kew is 6 m. from Hyde Park Comer- 
Inns ; King's Anna ; Rose and Crown. 

Keic Garden! comprise the Royal 
Botanic Gardena and the Pleasure 
Grounds, and are open every aeeh-day 
from 1 o'clock till luiuiet (Christmas 
Day alone excepted) ; on Sandayt 
from 2 liR lunaet. The principal en- 
trance to the Botanic Garden is by 
the ornaioeDtal wrought-iron gates at 
tlie N.W. comer of Kew Green. An- 
other entrance is by Cumberland Gate, 
in the GicLmond-road. opposite the 
Kew Gardens station of the L. &. S.W. 
Rly. The Pleasure Gardens are di- 
Tiderl from the Botanic Garden by a 
wire fence, but visitors can ^ss freely 
from one to the other. There are 
also separate entrances to the Grounds 
at the Lion Gate, Itiobmond-road. 
near the Pagoda, for Richmond ; Iiie- 
worfA Gate, at the S.W. comer of the 
Grounds, by the Thames, for Islo- 
north ; and Brentford Gate, at the 
N.B. angle, for Brentford. A ' Route 
Map '(price Id.) may be obtained at 
the entrLince, which points out the 
route by which the plant-houses may 
be inoat readily seen. There are also 
official guide-books, which furnish fall 
informutioD respeoline; houses, plants, 
and contents of the Musemns. 

Referring to these guides fbr a more 
particular account of the Gardens, we 
here merely draw attendon to their 
beauty and picturesque variety, as de- 
serving admiration equally with their 
richness and scientific value. The 
Broad Walk, bordered with rhodo- 
dendrons and deodars, is, when the 
former ate in bloom, one of the finest 
walks of its class we possess. The 
lawns aro everywhere diversified witb 
rare and beautiful trees, sbmbs, and 
flowers. The Herbaceous Beds, on the 
E. side of the Gardens, have a special 
interest for the botanical stndcDt. 

The large houfe on the rt„ after 
entering by the principal gate, is the 
Araideoae S^v»e, chiefly filled with 
plants of that order. 

The great Palm Eovee, at the end 
(on the rt.) of the Broad Walk, is 
362 ft. long, and comprises the centre, 
138 ft. long, 100 ft. wide, and 66 It. 
high, and 2 wings, each fiO ft. wide 



KBW—KIDDERMIfiSTEB, 



and 30 ft. high. Id its cootenta the 
Nen Palm House is quite anrivBlled. 
The coltoction of palmfl ia mHgnifioent, 
and tliere ia Dearly e]l that ia rare and 
rieh in tropicel pWts. Probably so 
superb a display of trcfiical foliago 
eaa nowhere else be Been out . of a 
tropical forest 

Immediately N. of the Palm House 
is the Wattr-LUi) Some, In which is 
a beautiful collection of eiotic water- 
lilies. N.W. of the mound on which 
is the Temple of MtluB, is the New 
Bange (No, 6), a large bonse, holding 
a great diversity of plants. A group 
of honaea N.W. of the New fi^gs 
will be found very interesting. The 
Dearest, the StmcuUnt Itixae, 200 ft. 
lODg and 30 R. wide, contains an ex- 
traordinary collection of cactosea, &c. 
Next is an ornamental Oreenliouse, 
occupied bj a miscellaneoas collection 
of plants. Beyond this is the Tem- 
perate Fern Houee, and, on the rt., 
the larger Tr(»»'«il FeraHoute, 140 ft. 
long and 28 ft. wide, filled with the 
ohoiccat and rarest examples. There 
are rarious other houses. 

The Mueeuna abundantly illustrate 
the economic products of the regufable 
world. JViMMim No. 1, at the head 
of the ornamental water, is devoted to 
Bpecimena and products of Dicotyle- 
donous plants, or Exogens; this Mu- 
seum has 3 floors, and the numbering 
ia from the top floor. Jfuseum No. 2, 
or the Old Maieam, at the N.E. comer 
of the Gardana, is appropriated to 
specimens and produeta of Monooo^- 
ledonous plants, or Endogens. Mi- 
$eum No. 3, is the old Oranoery, on 
the 1. of the Broad Walk, built bj Sir 
Wm. Ohambera in 1761. There is 
also a Herbarium, " the largest in ex- 
istence;" it is not exhibited to the 
puUie, bnt the botanical student can 
obtain permission to examine it upon 
application to the Director. 

ThePIeanire Groundi, or Arboretum, 
which adjoin the Botanic Qardena on 
the S., are open during the same hours 
as the Gardens, and may be entered 
from thorn. 'liiey have an area of 
270 acrea, and are intersected with 
broad and picturesque walks lined 
with trees and shrobs of the order 



Rosacete, whilst on the lawns are an 
almoat endless variety of trees. There 
is a Lake S acres in extent, rich in 
aquatic plants and wooded islands. 

The New Tenqieri^ Home, erected 
in lB61-st, consiste of a centre 212 ft. 
long, 137 ft. wide, and 66 ft. high, aad 
2 octagons, each 50 ft. in diameter. 
It is especially rich in Australian 
trees, the characteristic trees of Tas- 
mania and New Zealand, Himalayan 
thododendrons, and trees and shrubs 
from China and Japan, and exhibits a 
luxuriant mass of foliage. 

A short diatance 8.E. of the Tem- 

Cate House is the Pagoda, kma ita 
ght the most oonspicuons object in 
the grounds. It was built by 8ir Wm. 
Chambers, in 1761, and is an octagonal 
structure, 49 ft. m diameter at the 
base, and 163 ft. high. It is in 10 
storeys, each storey diminishing afoot 
in diameter and height, and each 
having a balcony and projecting rooE, 

Observe, before leaving the grounds, 
the Flagdaff, erected, 1861, near the 
Unicom Gale. It is a trunk of the 
Douglaa pine, a native of British 
Columbia, and is 159 ft. high— the 
finest spar, it is believed, in fiurope. 

Ai^ouing the Pleasnie Gronnds on 
the B. is Biehmond Old Park, or the 
Deer Park, 357 acres. The building 
near the. centre is theKeie Obeervalorf 
of the British Association. 

HJdclenninst«r(WorcesL). 
Stat.,G.W.IUy. Innt: Lion; Black 
Horse. This is a dingy-looking, irre- 
gularly-built town, on the Stour, famed 
for its manujactories espeiually of Brus- 
sels and other carpets. 

The Clxitrch. on the edge of a rockj 
height over the river, has a niacioug 
Dec. chancel, with biple Wtlia of 
simple yet client proportions. The 
E.-E. nave is lofty, with Perp. clero- 
story. In the 8. porch is an tdabaater 
allar-tomb of exoellent workmanship. 
There is some good stained glaas. The 
lofty aod massive Ferp. tower at the 
W. end is 3 stages in hoight, and the 
principal entrance is tlireugh it. 

In a Ferp. building adjoining the 
chancel ia preserved an origiDiJpar> 
trait of Sicbard Baxter, the celebrated 
Nonoonformlst preacher, snthra; of the 



KINQBBRIDQE. 



ai3 



' Saints' Ttest.' He was the minister 
of this parish, 1640-66. Hia pulpit is 
in the vestry of the UmtnriEin chapel. 
Baiter's oluiii' remains in the vestry. 
A statue to his memory was nnveilod 
in July 1875. 

4} m. K is the large village of 
Chaddetlet/ Corbett. Its church has 
portions of Norm, work, of which the 
font is a fine specimen. The chancel 
is Deo., with el^ant tracery in the 
windows, and good tedilia. 

The detU BiUt are a iavonrite re- 
sort for tonrists and picnic parties. 
On the t<^ are some very large stones 
— supposed Druidical remains. The 
aery around is both inleiesting and 



pleasing. 



2 m. Rom Hagley Stat,, by a plea- 
sant walk through the park, St. Ke- 
nkm's Ohapd, au ancient fabric on the 
E. side of Olent Hili, has a lower of 
Perp. style, richly adorned with pin- 
nacles and guTgoyles. This chapel 
was founded to record the place where 
the body of Kenelni was discovered, 

KiDWBLLT, see tiojieiij. 

KiBLDEii, see BeUingham. 

KiLBURH, Boe Bampitead. 

KiLKEAHPTON, soe Bade. 

KltvE, see Brvdmeater. 

ElUBURLEY, see Wymon^tai 



KiMMEHrDGB, 

KiNGLKT Bottom, see Cfticleiter. 

KJngrsbridfre (Devon.), 9} 
m. &om EingBbridge-KMul Stat., S. 
Devon Kly. Coach meets 3 up and 3 
down trains a-day. Innt : King's 
Arms: Golden Lion. There is also 
tolerable accommodation at the inn 
close to the station. The town is built 
on a, steep hill at the head of a long 
oavigable estuary (a small steam- 
packet pliM twice a week from Ply- 
mouth iu Bummer-time), and is of con- 
siderable antiquity, though it has now 
a modem look. 

The Town Sail, bailt 1850, contains 
public and reading-rooms, and au inter- 
esting natural-history collection. The 
collection of British shelia ia important. 

The walk t« Modbwy, 7} m. on the 
Plymouth-road, is pleasant, and em- 
braces seme interesting coast scenery. 
2 m. is renohed the viUage of CAarcA- 



sUne ; and at Leigh, in this parish, is an 
interesting coll which formerly be- 
longed to Buckfast Abbey, containing 
portions of IS and 16 cent. work. Be- 
yond, 2 m., is the village of Avehm 
(pron. Anton) Giffard, situated on the 
river Avon. The Ch., B. E., deserves 
a visit (2 m. S.W. is Bigbury, with 
an interesting ch.). The antiquated 
town of Mocfimry (Tnn ; White Hart) 
is 3i m. beyond Aveton. The Ch. is 
remarkable for a true spire, i. e., a 
spire tapering from the ground. Er- 
minglm Ch. (Fawn Hotel), with its 
twisted spire, is 2 m. N,W., and 3 m, 
8. of Ivybridge (see JJorhnoorl. Fi«m 
Modbury ahonld be visited the inte- 
resting eharohei of Bigbury (4 m.) 
and Ringmare (I m. further). For 
the pedestrian it is a pleasant circuit 
by the coast of Bigbiiry Bay to, 2 m.. 
Fleet House (W. F. Splatt, Esq.), 
theuce through the park and along 
the shore of the Erme to the sea, about 
3 m. At the mouth of the Erme is 
the litOe hamlet of MaOwrcomb. Pro- 
ceeding from here along the cUfl^ 
among rocks of the grauwacke forma- 
tion, beantifally coloured, is, * m., the 
londy and weaUiet-beaten Oh. of Arnel- 
eloke, bom which the pedestrian can 
cross the hills direct to NmeUm 
Ferrers, 2 m., or add 1 m. to his walk 
by prooeedtQK round Bli^ Point, 
where the stabs of slate by the sea 
are on a gmnd scale. Having crossed 
the hill from this point, the land sud- 
denly breaks into a dell, through which 
runs a tane to the wild vi11ae;e of Nosi, 
situated on theS. side of an inlet from 
the Yeaha Eetuary, The loene here ia 
novel and striking, and the Estuary, 
though seldom visited, is rich in the 
picturesque. Having crossed the lerry, 
the tourist may proceed by ITem^ury 
and its weaUier-Wteu tAurch on the 
margin of the sea; oi along byo-roada 
and paths, either by Flymstook and 
the Laira Bridge, about 7 m., or by 
Hooe Lake and Ferry over the Caf- 
water, about 5 m., to Plvmouth. For 
a deacription of the highly romantic 
coaat^aoenery on E. of Eingsbridge, see 
Dartmouth. 

Dietanca. — Dartmouth, 14 m; Tot- 
ues, 12 m. 



KISGBBVm—KIEKBY F0BE8T. 



KlniTMbarj' (Middlesex), on 
the rt, bank oC tlie Breut, 6 m. N.W. 
from London, ia a thorough countrj 
village. It may be reached from the 
WelBll Harp Station of the Midland 
Rlj., IJ m. by Kingsbury Lake, or by 
a pleasant walk of 2} m. along bye- 
lauea and fields, N. from the Willeaden 
Station of tho L. & N.W. and the North 
London and Uampstead Junotion Slys. 
by way of Willesden and Neaadon. 

The QhiiTeh (St. Andrew) shonld be 
eiamined by the autiquaiy. 

The largo sheet of water seen 
the chuioh is the King^rury Seiervoir, 
or, aa it is now freqnenUy caUed, Kings- 
buiT Lake, " a famous resort for water- 
fowl," and a ravourite hatmt of Lon- 
don angletv. A patli from the cLurch- 
stile luadB 1o tho embankment at the 
foot of the reservoir, where notice, in 
the centre, as a flne specimen ot mas- 
sive brickwork and masonry, the great 
aemi-circular penstock or weir, by 
which the surplus water is let off info 
the Brent. From this embankment 
the reservoir extends H. for above a 
mile, and in one terl nearly i m. 
wide, croesitig the Edgware-road in 2 
branches, at Brent Bridge, by the Old 



extent of the lake is obtained from the 
penstock. 

The reservoir is well stored with 
jack, perrh, roach, tench, and carp. 
The fishing is rented by Mr. W. P. 
Warner, of the Old WeUh Harp, and 
strictly preserved. Annual subsorip- 
tiou, one guinea each red; day-tickets 
for jack, 2a. 6d. ; for roach aud general 
flsbiog. Is. 

KiMQsCLiFrE, see QaniU. 

King's Lynn, see Lyrm, King's. 
, KrKo'a 8ui-roN, aee Banhary. 



N Laett, see TFintiome. 

ffiurrey)— Stat, on main line of the 
L, k S. W. Ely. at Surbiton ; on the 
Twickenham loop line at New King- 
eton, N, of the town; this station serves 
also for the N. London and L. C. & 
D. Klys,— 10 m. from London by road. 
Inn* : Southampton Hotel (at the 8.W. 
Kly.SUt,); Griffin in the town; Son. 



The town is situated on the rt. bank 
of the Thames, opposite Hampton 
Wick, with which it is united by a 
handsome stone bridge. The towa 
extends for nearly a mile along tbe 
Tbames, and for a 1 ike distance along 
the Portsmouth load, and is united by 
streets and houses to Surbiton. 

In the open apace in front of the 
Court House is placed the ancient 
stone on which, according to tradition, 
the Saxon kings sat when crowned. 

The pariah, or old Ch. (All Saints), 
near the market-place, is one of the 
iMgeat churches in the connly. It ia 
crucifonu, with a massive central tower, 
in which is a peal of 10 bells. The 
interior was restored in IS62. Some 
of the momtmeidt are interesting. 

The Lamlet of Coombe (Coouibe aud 
Maiden Stat., L. & S.W. lilyj is 2 m. 
E. of Kingston. Cooinbe TVood ia a 
wild, forest-like tract. Rambling in 
it is now forbidden, but there are open 
paths still frequented by sketdiera. 

KiNGSWEAB, see Darlmoulh. 

KiNTER, Hce Stourbridge. 

Itirl»yMHxloe(Leic.),Stat, 
Midi. Ely., 4} m. from Leicetter. The 
ivy-clad ruins of a castellated mansion 
(temp, circ, Ileniy Vn.), hnilt by one 
ot the Hasting &jnily, is a splendid 
Bpeoimen of brick building. A little 
to W. of Baiby, 1 ni. N., is (he Roman 
Camp, known as the £ur^ Camj) : and 
in the same parish, on the road to Brad- 
gate Jseo Leiceeier), is Groby Pool, a 
btandful mere of 40 acres, containing 
ntimbers of pike and perch, and a 
great resort of waterfowl. Detford 
" at. is -2* m. W. of Kirby Musloe 

26 HincHey). 

Hlrhbw Fort-Ht (Notts.)— 
Stat. (Kirkby) Midi. Rly., Mansfield 
Branch — is worth a visit for the beau- 
tiful vieiB from Itobin Hood'a Hills, 
embracing Ncnstead, Annealey,Hard- 
wicke Hall, and, far in the distance, 
the rocks of Chamwood to the N.W., 
and the towers of Lincoln Cathedral 

theE. 

EniEBT MoOEisiDG, See Think, 

Kntir nv grEFHEN, see Appl^. 

KiKKHEATON, See BuddfT^ld. 

KrnxLEiTHiM, see Bedcar. 
Kirk Newton, see Woofer, 



KNABESBOBOOGS— LAKES. 



245 



KiBKOSWiLB, see PenrttA. 

KiHKBTALL, See Ltedi. 

KiEK Whtupdioton, gee Beliay. 

KraTLlNO, see Neurmarket. 

KxMTE, see Gaintboro'. 

Knap-hill, aea Wobing. 

K.iiare8lH>roug-li (Yofke.), 
Stat, JT-E. Ely. Jnn; The Crown. This 
tovn u veij picturesquely sitnated on 
the 1. bank of the Nidd, here a broad 
full river, Rowing between high cVtfUa 
of nognedan limestone, with wooded 

The caunectioQ of 'Eugene Aram' 
with the town haa, since vte publica- 
tion of Lord Lytton's romanee, given a 
sentimeutal interest to KnareaboToagh. 

The Church, restored since 1870, is 
of various dates, from E. E. to Ferp., 
andofeonaidcrablointerest. The nave, 
of i baya, ia Perp., but the piers of 
the central tower are earlier, and the 
chancel is apparently E. B. ; the b 
dow Ferp., and Dec. insertions. 

The CaitU! occiim.es a coiuniodi< 
p^ition on the cliff above tlie ri^ 
The original .Norm, fortress has 
tirely disappeired. The eiiating 
niains are not earlier than the reiga 
of Edward IIL The most important 
ftagment remaining ia the keep, now 
littie more than a rain. (A amall 
cha^e is made for showing it.) 

The Nidd is here crossed by 
bridges. The tourist should lake that 
farthest up the river (nearest the sta- 
tion) ; and eStet crossing it, a gate, 1., 
will lead him into the long v>alk, wind- 
ing by the river side under a pleasant 
hanging wood. In this walk is the 
famous Drvppiag Well. The water, 
paaaing over the top of a projecting 
mass of rock about 25 ft. higli, falls in 
oord-like streamlets from its brow, and 
is renowned for its petrifying qualities, 
curious specimens of which can be 
purchased at the well. Either at the 
well itself, or at the public-house 
{Molher Shipton Jnn), the visitor will 
be called upon to pay 6d. 

Reerosaing the Nidd by the hoar 
bridge (near the public-house), — 
reach (on the i. bank) a very 1 
quarry excavated in the limestone i 
The cliffs below have been hollowed 
out into numerous cavities. 



which serve as dwellings. The most 
remarkable of these ia Bt, Sobai'i 

Chapel. 

A little more than a mile below 
Knaiesborough is the cell hollowed in 
the rock called 81. Bobert'i, or more 
inerally, at present, Eugene Aram's 
. ive. A padi and aome rude steps 
lead down to it from the road, and the 
keys are kept at a neighbouring cot- 

ithene^hbonrhoodiSiSn-iKnSaU. 

old seat of the Slingabys: and 
(2 m. 9.) Plumvlon Park, where the 
pleasure^rounas are extent ve and 
beautiful, and open to visitors. 

Sarroijate is reached in a few mi- 
nutes by rail from Koareslxirough. 

K^nlKTlKOii (Radnor.) — Stat., 
L. t N.W. Rly., Craven Anna Btnnch 
{Inn : Chandoa Anna) — is prettily situ- 
ated on rising ground oTetlookme rt, 
bank of the Teme. The principal ob- 
ject of intorost ia Offa's Dyke, which 
passes through the town. The sce- 
nery at HolUiaaij Eodit ia good ; and 
Caer Caradoc, i m. N., is supposed to 
be the scene of CaractHcus's defeat by 
the Romans under Ostorius. 

ExoiTiiont. — 7 m. N. to Cltin {Inn : 
Buffalo), a very quiet litUe place with 
a ruined CaMe (the 'Qajrde Dolo- 
rense"of SirW, Scott's 'Betrothed'). 
TheiAurcfthftaapret^lyohgalo. 2 m, 
on the Knucklaa toad is Craig Donna, 
a picturesque rock and ravine. 

Knightsfoed Bfin^E, see Brom- 
yard. 

KmanTwiCE. see Bromyard. 

Knole. see Semnoake. 

KsowBLEY, see Prescot. 

Khctspoed, see AitTiatham. 

Kyloe Hill9, see Bdfirrd. 

Kynanck Cove, see Heltton. 

Laokfobb, see Burj ~ ' . .._. 

L&cooE Abbey, Ke Chippenham and 
MeUitham, 

Lasrah Bay, see Sidmoalh. 

I.nkefl (Eng-llNh) are com- 
prised witbin the two counties of 
Westmorland and Cumberland and a 
■mall portion of Lancashire. These 
beautiinl aheets of water generally 
owe their origin to dislocations or 
faults in the strata of the district in 
which they lie. The bottom of Wast- 



24G 



LAKES— LANCASTSR. 



water, for example, U consideraU; 
lower than the eea-Ievel, and conaiBta 
ot solid rock. The geology of the diB- 
triot, whioh haa been aa ;et only par- 
tiallj investigated, ia not unlike that 
of N. Wales. The principal mountain 
massea are composed of Btrata (mostly 
slate formation) mptoied and tilted up 
on their edges, witii later deposits oa 
their flanks, and there ia ample evi- 
dence of the prevalence, at aome re- 
mote period, of very extensive igneous 
action. Porphyry dykea are nnmerotu, 
Mid granitic boulders have been dia- 
peraed over a wide rtcion by glacial ac- 
tionorbjflooda. To the tourist who can 
only pay a Qjing viait, to tbe moie 
fortunate sojourner, to the geologist, 
botanist, or antiquarian there ia no 
district in the three Kingdoms which 
offers greater attractioua. From any 
place south of the river Tees, visitoia 
generally enter the Lake Diatrict 
either at Windermere Eailwaj Sta- 
tion, or by Fumess Baolway, which 
skirta Morecambe Bay and runs riri 
TJlveteton to the south end of Wiiider- 
meie liike. From Scotland and the 
extreme north of Englaad, the t^iuiist 
generally proceeds to Penrith, hence 
OT rail to Keawick ; or by ooach to 
i^Kiley-bridge, 6 m., sailing up Ulls- 
water in the steemer, and continuing 
the journey from Fatterdale to Amble- 
side, or Eeawick. The best and usual 
starting point is undoubtedly Winder- 
mere (see), 

SkOdm Tour. 

lat day. — London to Xnncoatsr 
(sleep at Conu^ Hotel, close to sta- 
tion; or King's Anna, in the town). 

2nd day. — Tisit Lancaster Oude 
Qiuhlic adinitled at 11 a.m. and 2 f.h.). 
To Fwmeti AUbey, stopping eii routs 
as trains permit, at (a) Orange ; (b) 
Gark Stat, for Holker HaU. Sleep at 
Fumea Abbey Hold. 

3rd day. — Sailvtaj to BarTwe-in- 
Funtesi and Fiel Caatle. Railway 
vi£ Brought^in ta ConitUm ; thence by 
coach, leaving about 4 p.m., via Hawks- 
head, Esthwsite Water, and fenr, to 
Boumeit. (Sleep at Old England 
Hotel) ^ 



*th day. — First steamer round Win- 
dermereLake; coach (about 11 o'clock) 
from Windermere to Gratmere ; hence 
by a later coacb to AmbUtiilt. 

5th day. — Coach to Kemfick (aleep 
at Derwentwater Hotel, FortiTiscale), 
After halting at Keswick (see) to eiyoy 
as many as posaible of the delightful 
ezcuigions which may he conveniently 
made from that town, the tourist 



t>iS Eirkstone Faas to AmbUiide, 
thence to Windermere ; or from Fooley 
Bridge to F^rilh Stat. This tour em- 
braces all the lakes as well as the chief 
places of interest in the district. A 
full description of each of tlie places 
included in this tour is given under 
the headings marked in italic. Pe- 
destrians and others wishing to 
ramble over less (ie^uented patlts, 
will do well to provide themselves 
with a copy of the 'Handbook for 
Westmorland, Cumberland, and the 
Lakes' (price 6(.). Jenkinaon's 'Prac- 
tical Guide to the English Lakes,' 
(Stanford, prioe 6t.), will be also 
found most useful. Circular Tour 
tickets (1st class, 11>.; 2nd class, Sa.) 
are issued daring Uie months of Jane 
to September, by the Furuess Rail- 
way Company, embracing Uie follow- 
ing places ; — Fumees Abbey, Ulver- 
ston, Windermere Lake, Bowuesa, 
Ambleside, Conistou Lake. The tour 
can be made in cme day ; or, the 
tickets being available for 7 days, a 
halt for the night ma; be made at any 
of the places hamed. 

Lalbham (Middlesex), see Thamea 
Tour. 

Lambebhubsi', see Twibridga WeUa. 

Lahbtoh Castle, see <Jheiler-U- 
Street. 

LAMHBBatDB (Dastle, see Appl^. 

Lamphbt, see Tenby. 

I«iica»ter(Laao.). Stata., (a) 
L. & N. W. Ely. at the foot rf C^sUe 
(232 m. from London); (6) Midi, at 
Green Ayre. Inne; (Jounty Hotel, 
adjoining station ; King's A^ma, 
deacribed by Dickens, good and old 
fashioned. Ia the nominal capital of 
the coun^, though surparaed in size 
and importance by almost eveiy other 



town, and flupplanfed bj Liverpool 
a i>ort. The Ciuth is a fine mass 
building, in great part modeiniae , 
and DOW contuDing tha gaol, Assize- 
conrte, &c. There are 5 towers— the 
Gatewny Towet, buiJt by John of 
Gaunt, whose efflgy is over Uia en- 
trance ; the LungeBS Tower or Great 
KormaD Keep, at top of which is a 
turret called John of Qaunt's chair; 
the Dungeon Tower on the B. aide ; 
Adrian's Tower and the Well Tower. 
In the Great Keep which is of enor- 
mous thickness, is the prison chapel. 
In the Crown Court, see painting of 
George III. on horseback, by North- 
cote, and the " holdfast " in which tha 
criminal's hand was fastened to be 
burnt St. Man/B Chanli f IStli oeni) 
is close to the Castle, and from the 
ch.-yd. is a raperb view over Uore- 
cambe Bay and the Lake mountains. 
Notice tbe carvings in tha chancel 
brou^t &om Cockersand Abbev. In 
the East-road is St. Peler'i Soman 
Catholic Church, by Palay, Geom.- 
Gothic style, and magnifleectlj decor- 
ated. From thence ascend the hill, 
passiag the Grammar School, where 
Whewell and Hichard Owen were 
educated, for the sake of tha fini 
view of Clongba, the Wyersdal* 
Fells, and the Welsh, L of Man, 
and Lake mountains. Over forty 
moontains above 2000 ft. in height, 
can be seen from Lancoater. Outside 
the town, and close to the L. & N. W. 
Bly., is RipUy'a HomiUd, a large but 
not very successful E,-E. buuding, 



the plan of Earlswood — which 
accommodate 600 patients. The build- 
ing has cost over 50,0001. and is open 
to titAian every Monday and Thurs- 

The principal mamifaetorin ere the 
American leather, table baiza, print 
and bronze works of Messrs. Storey 
and Messrs. Williamson. More of the 
above articles are made ia Lancaster 
than all the reet of England — over 
200,000 square yards of cloth are 
painted every day. For =— =— ■- 



ISTER. 247 

visit, apply to the principals. The 
cotton miUschieflyiiupply the cloth for 
thaimitationleather,&c. Thetwofirma 
employ over 3000 hands ; there is also 
a silk ""ill , and a cocoa-matting milU 
The extensive works of Messrs. Gillow, 
of Lancaster and Iiondon, and Messrs. 
Bell and Coupland, cabinet-caakers, 
&o., employ a large number of bands. 
Uootti and shoes are made largely ; 
and the Lancaster Wagon Works ueep 
about SOU hands. 

Tha railway crosses the Lone by a 
very large girder bridge. 

JlSiCTirsitnw.— <o) 5 m. to Seyeham, 
a little village on the shores of More- 
cambe Bay, with an interesting Norm. 
Ch. of remarkably small size, occupy- 
ing the area of a still older Baxon 
building. Inthe ch.-yd.is thsOrotorjf, 
of which only a Saxon arch ia left and 
soma very curious rock toralw, or stone 
cofQns. 6d. admission fee is obatged 
for entering the ch.-yd. 

(6) Xorecambe, 3} m. by Midland 
Rly., from Green Ayre Stat, a quiet 
watering-place, with pleasant breezes 
and views {Holdt: North Western; 
King's Anna ; West View). It is a 
channiDg walk 2| ni. iiom here to 
Heuihaia, along the shore, (c) By 
Midland Bly. to Qumunora Park (W. 
J. Gamett, Esq.X H m. S. of Haltou 
Stat TickeU. 2«. Bd. for a party of 
aix, to be obtained at the King^s Arms, 
I<ancaster, for entering into tha pork, 
wbicli is situated on the slopea of the 
Litttedale and Clougha FeUs, and is 
very picturesque, particularly at " the 
Kiiotts." QuernnioreCA.isingoodDeo. 
style by Pi^ey. The E. window was 
onlered for uie English church at 
Cannes, and was reoovared from the 
wreck of the vessel in which it was 
sent out 'i m. N. of Uoracambe Is 
Bed Baxik, a pretty and very quiet 
little watering-place. 



and to the beautiful da^hara Gave*, 
18 m. by Midland Rly. Tickets at 
the hotel near the station. 

Dietanoa. — By Fumess Bly. to 
Grange, 15i m. ; tUverston, 29 m. ; 
Fumess Abbey, 32} m.; Barrow. 
35 m. 



LAN6P0RT—LA USCSSTON. 



LlNCBESTEB, 866 Durliam. 

Lanobucit, aee Caiabridge. 

IiAHDBWEDNACK, BM Reltlim. 

Land's End, see i'«ii:iii(». 

LitNDCLPH, see Ph^iaotilh. 

Lanehah, see Long Mel/ord. 

Lakgsale, see Jmbksulf. 

liWiiKVOi't'(Sntuerget.). Stat 
the Durfllon »nd Yeovil branch of the 
BriBtol aiid Exeter Hly. Jim; Lang- 
port Anne. This town stands od tlie 
rt. bank ot the Partett, just helow its 
confluence with the He and Yeo. 

Lajigport Ch,, at the upper end of 
the tnwn, a large Perp. building, has 
a good tower ot the date of Hen. VII. 
There is a curious piece of sculpture 
over the inner door nf the porch. 

Immediately beyond the ch. the 
road is crossed by an archway, above 
which is A Perp. chspel known as the 
Hanging Chapel, Hon used as the 
Queketl Mttieum, conlaining a small 
miscellaneous collection of curiosities. 
A little further 1. rises the exquisite 
tovrer of Suiik Epieawi, one of the 
most perfectly lovely of the many fine 
tovreifl which are the glory ot Somer- 
Getshire. 

A walk of I m. 8. from Huish 
Ohurch across the marshes leads to 
the little village of Muchelmy, risiog 
out of the surrounding morass, with 
its abbey remains, ch., village crosa, 
and ancient houses embowered in 
orohards. It is a place of no ordinary 
beauty and interest, and should by no 
means be missed. Of the Abbey, 
founded 939, the remains are scanty, 
but highly interesting. Tho chief 
portion is the Abbot's House, which 
IS nearly perfect. To the E. of the 
house are the remains of the domestic 
chapel and cloister, forming a charm- 
ing group. 

2 m. N.E. of Langport is Loa Ham 
Ch., formerly a domestic cbapel an- 
nexed to a mansion now destroyed. 
It stands in a large field, and has no 
ch.-yd. around it Lord Slawell began 
a sumptuous mansion here, but it was 
never (Inished ; a fine old coach-boose, 
a few outbuildings, nnd gmesy ter- 
races alone remain. It is altogether a 
singular spot 

mgk Sam Ch., built 1476, baa a 



superb rood-screen, a richly carved 
roof, and a singularly perfect rood- 
loft und staircase. On llie other side 
of the valley of the Parrett, W., a long 
stretch of high ground rises. On an 
escarpment of these heights stands tha 
Parkjield Jlfanumerif, commonly known 
as the Bartoa Steeple, a column 140 ft. 
higb, crowned by a funetal-um, erect«d 
by the Earl of Chatham to the memory 
of Sir Wm.Pynsent TheCA. ofCwry 
Rival, 2 m. 8.W., is worth a visit, 

Lakoston, see Forttmovfh. 

LjMiirrDBOCK House, see 8t. Atatell. 

LADUHToy, see Leieet. 

Laughton - eh - le - MoBTHBN, See 
HoOierltam. 

Laukcellb, see Bude. 

I.uanv««ton (Cornwall), Stat 
S. Devon and Com. Rly., Z5\ m. from 
Plymouth, and about Sj hours ride 
from Exeter via Yeoford and Lidford 
Junes. Inm : White Hsrt ; King's 
Anns. Is situated about 2 m. fi'om 
the rt bank of the Tamar, on the 
slope of a steep hill, on the top of 
which aw the remains of a very old 
castle (temp, probably Hen. III.), sur- 
rounded by a pleasant public pleasure 
ground. Launceston Gastle is con- 
nected with many passages in Englisli 
history; the last garrison was that ot 
Charles I. Gearge Fox, the Quaker, 
was imprisoned in one of the dun- 
geons for some months ; his place of 
conflnemeut, close by the North Gate, 
still exists. Tho late Perp. Ch. of St. 
Maty Magdalen (restored), has a 
beautiful S. porch, a Norm, foot, and 
a curious pulpit, which may be spe- 
cially remarked. The C7i. of St. 
Tkomoi, nearly at the foot of the bill, 
has 15th-cent. doot-hiiiges, a good 
font, and a carefully preserved frag- 
ment of mural painting worth noticing. 
Werriagfot Park, 1 m. N., and En3»- 
leigh (see Tavittock), 9 m. S., should 
also be visited. On the road to Cal- 
lington is passed tho ivied ruin of 
Trecarrel, 6 m., and ] m. beyond, the 
SpOTtaman'i Armi. a. convenient half- 
way house, and dose to which are the 
CartJiamartha Sock» — a ohanning 
point of view (permission to visit 
]¥om A. B. Collier, Esq.. whose resi- 
dence is on the e8tate> Before enter- 



LA UNCE8T0l<—lEAMmaT0lf. 



2W 



iagCaUingtua^Inn: GoliUng'a Hotel), 
the rood croesea tho foot of Kit Hill 
{1067 a), in 835 the scene of the 
defeat of the Danes and Britooe, by 
Egbert, and oommanding: perhapB tho 
moat impreaaivG and benutiful view ia 
ComwttlL Visit here the Ck. (Perp. 
with a cterestoryX and observe ala- 
baster eSl^ of 1st Lord Willoaghby 
do Broke (d. ISOU), and mnopied ctosb 
in ob.-yd. To the W. ot Launeeaton 
ia CamelfOTd (Jnn; King's Arma), 
15J m. by road, from which aeveral 
blghly interestiug exeaTsions can bo 
made. It is the neaieat town to the two 
Corniah moimtainB fioufor (1296 fL), 
and Brov<n WiRij (1380 ft.), 5 and 7 m. 
8.E.: and tbo ezoursion mny be ex- 
tended to the wild vaDey of Haaler- 
Gantiek by the DeuiTi Jump^ The 
Avalk between the Jump aad Wenford 
Bridge ia deli^litful, and a treat for 
the botaniet, Sshernian, or artist. To 
the N. of Camelford lies one of the 
most intereating districts in Cornwall, 
since it includes BosciutU, tlio ruing 
of King AHkur'g Caitk of Tinlaiiel, 
the magnifloent line of coast between 
these points, and the celebrated elnte 
Qiinrries of Ddabole. It ia 4t m. to 
Ao«cnsilo(Jnn; WeUingtcn, flwt-rate), 
which should on no account be left 
■uiivisited. The scenery in tho neigh- 
bourhood ia most romantic, and of the 
grandeni of tho coast it is impossible 
to sneak too highly. Immediately W. 
of theliatbourriBeaTPiUaparft Point, a 
magnificent headland (eee a]Bo Bade). 
A delightful excursion can be made to 
Craekingtoit Cone, a romantic spot 
4 m. E, The road passea oyer Ses- 
^arvell Drntm (850 ft,), which com- 
loanda a fine view of the sea and 
coast. MimUT Ok., 1 m. E. of Boa- 
caalle,ia also well worth a visit— toole 
througli the valley. Aboat IJ 
from it ia a waterial! (about 150 ft) 
in a rcoeas called Pentorgan Core. 
The distance to Tintagel is about 3 m. 
Proceeding along the coast, the fiirm- 
house of Trethevey is reached (alraat 
1} m.) where tho key of the door 
leading to tlie cascade, 8t. SighUm't 
Keitte, may he obtained, and a guide 
•••■-"■■• 'f wiahed. 

: Wham- 



cliffe Anns — very comfortable) ia 
about 1 m. from the headland of IVn- 
tagel, on which are some ruins of a 
castle, protected by a wall and locked 
door, the key of which can lie obtained 
at a house in the valley on the way 
tn the headland. 1 m. B. of Trevena 
ia Tfebartcith Slraiid, a very favourite 
spot with artists. From Tintagel the 
lourJBt should return to Camelford by 
tlie Delahde Slate Quarriei, 4 m. from 
Trcvena, and 2 m. W. from Camelford. 
The distance from Tintagel to Bude 
is 21 m. ; to Bodmin, 20 m. Proceeil- 
in^ from Camelford to Wadebridge 
(Jn?u ; The Moleaworth Arms ; Ckim- 
metciat Hotel), the churches of SI. 
Teaih, 3 la., and SI. Kea, a m. further 
on, shonld be viaited. From Wade- 
bridge (see),a town remarkable for its 
lone and old bridge, a train mns once 
a ^y, three days n. week, and twice 
on Saturdays to Bodmin. 

Lavenhah, see Long Melford. 

LAxriELD, see Framlingluau. 

Latoock Abbei, see CliippejJiam. 

Lea (Line), eeo Gainiborough. 

I.e»niln||rroil (Warwickah.), 
Stat., 971 m. from London by L. & N. 
W. Bly. ; and 105} m. by Gt. W. Rly. 
troia Paddington. It is disbmt 2} m. 
N.E. from Warwick ; 23 m. from Bir- 
mint-ham; OJ m. from Coventry ; and 
15 m, from Buaby. Inns: ••Eegent 
H.; "Manor Honse H., close to rly. 
stala.; Clarendon H.. lAnsdownc- 
place ; Crown (Joraraercinl H., High- 
street; Bath H., Bath-street ; Angel 
H., Begent-street. From an obscure 
and humble village, this town has 
rapidly risen to a large aod fashion- 
able watering-place. It owes its im- 
portance to the medicinal properties of 
its mineral waters, which are of three 
kinds; sulphureous, saline, and chaly- 
beate. The town is most pleasaQtly 
sitnated in the valley of the I'Cam, and 
the immediate neighbonihood abounds 
with objcctd of historical inteKst and 

flsoea of great beauty. The chief 
att-oSiee ia in Friory-lsrrace. Letters 
are delivered at 7 a.m.; 11.30 a.m.; 
and 6.30 f.u, ; and there are several 
despatches daily (except Sundays, 
when there is only one) to London and 
the North. The Bath» in the town 



LMATHEItnEAD—LEDBUSY. 



are, Boyal LeamtngUm Batb and 
Futpp KcximB, on the Lower Parade ; 
u large awimming batb, and TurkiBh 
baths have been added — Ustefnllv laid 
out gardeiu aie attached; and the 
whole now fomiB one of lie most com- 

Eleto bathing establiBhrneDts in the 
ingdom. Oldham'a (openairj Swim- 
ming Bafhi (not saline), near Ijeam- 
terraoe ; Hiideon's Sulplmr and Saline 
Sjoinge, High-etreet ; Earl of Ayleit- 
Jor^e (or Old Spring) Pump Room, 
Bath-Btreet; and Free FtraiUain (seiiaB 
and spring water), Bilh-atraet. The 
Jeph»on Gardene, a ia^hioQable resort, 
are aituated near the bottom of the 



brook-road. There is a fine Tennii 
and Racket Court in Lower Bedford- 
street, and adjoining it a flrgt-claaa 
club. The Warwickahire Club ia 
in Waterloo-place. In Bath-atreet is 
the Free Fublio Library and Heading 
Soma, and Mv^e Hall. The Emjal 
Aigetnbly Boome are in the Lower 
Paiade and Regent-street. 

EtcurfliDM.— <o) Warwick CtuUe, 
2 m. S.W. (6) Strai/ord-on-Avon 
(Stat.X 10 m. S.W. (e) KenOumih 
(Slat.) 'and Sloneleigh Ahbey, 5 m. N. 
(see Gimenlrjj). (d) WraitiiiU Abbey, 
8 m. N.W., and 3 m. frooi Hatton 
Stat. (e)Gu!/'«Cii/,3m,W. </)0f- 
chirch Eary, 3 m. E. 

IjEAp, aee Soutkamptoit. 

l.e»tlierliead (Snrreyl Stat, 
on the Croydon and Dorking branch 
of the L. B. & S. C. Ely., and the ler- 
minoa of the Wimbledon and I^eather- 
head branch of the L. & S. W. Kly. ; 
3J m. 6.W. from Bpeom, i m. N, from 
DorkiiiK, and 18 m. from London by 
road. Inm; Swan Hotel; Bull, com- 
mercial inn. 

The town stands on the rt bank of 
the Hole, at the foot of the beautiful 
vale of Micklebam. which extends 
hence to Dorking. 

The Guildford road is carried over 
the Mole by a bridge of H archee. 
On the town aide ot the bridge ia 
a rude timber-framed honsc (but 
much altered^ known aa the Old 
Running Horae, which, according to 
-•■—""— —8 the ale-house of Skel- 



ton'fl Elynour Bummyng (temp. Hen. 

vm.). 

Leaiherhead Common, a large and 
pleasant piece of wild heath on the E. 
of the town, was enclosed in 1862. 
For other Excaraimtt, see Dorking and 
MickUham. 

■iieclilade (Glouccat.)-^tatT 
Witney and E. G louceatf cshire branch 
of Gt. W. Ely. (Inn: New Inn)— ia 
prettily aituated at the confluence of 
the Colne and Lech with the Thames, 
which ia crowned by a bridge J m. 
from tile town. The Ch. (Perp.) has 
a beavtifnl epiie. From here it is 
10 min. lido by rail to Fairford 



Lkconbteld, see Severleg. 

l.edlmry (Hereford.)— Stat., G. 
W. Kly. (Inn r Feathers),— pictur- 
esquely situated on the smali river 
Leader. 



gradual transition from Bomaneaqne 
H) Porp. being obaervahle in the 
building. The monuments ore nu- 
meroufl and interesting. 

The Baapital of St. Catlienne, in the 
High-street, founded 1232, was rebuilt 
in 1820, and enlarged in I85G. 

2 m. E. EattMiT Caelle(Eai\ Somers) 
ia a modem structure, from designs 
by Smirke, in the style of the reign of 
Edw. I. The entrance-haU, GO ft. im 
height and length, is a noble apart- 
ment of Norm, architecture. The 
principal drawing-room is furnished 
in the Ootbio style, and a suite of 
apartments has been fitted up and de- 
corated in (he Italian style. There if 
an interesting collection of pictuiet. 
and the castle ia fuU of wood-earring 
and works of art. Visitois are ad- 
mitted on Tuesdays and Fridays 
during the absence of the fEimily ; on 
TaesiMys only at other times. The 
wooded slopes around tbe castle 
abound in beautiful groups of conl- 

"Eastnor Park, with ita eiiiuiBite 
scenery, will amply repay a visit from 
the geologist ; and be will find a moat 
pleasant village Inn at the Somers 
Arms." The Church contains seveisl 



elaborate monnments irbich deserve 
attendoD. 

Boabury, Si m. N. of Ledbunr Stat, 
contaiuB many ancient timber hotues, 
■mth ornamented bargeboards. Tlie 
Church is B. E. with seTsral Ferp, 
finished wiudoiva, and a maauivo de 
taobed tuwer of 3 atsgee, nt 80 ft. 8 

Botbary Hoaee fBoT. E. H^gins) 
contains a ccilloction of bronzes, Etrua- 
can potterj, and other articles of 
iuteteet. 

2} m. W. is a conical 
called Wall BiUa, tlie lower part 



pentagonal camp of about 30 
donble ditched, now cultivated. 

5 m. N. CasUe Frotme CfcureA con- 
tains a curious Norm. foot. Under 
the 8. window of the chancel is an ex- 
q^ulsite atone Bgaie of a knigbt holding 
a heart iu his hand. 

At BUh/p'a FroDtne, 2 m, beyond 
Castle Froome, is a very good specimen 
of an Elizabethan mansion, called 
Cheney Court (James Moilliet, Esq.). 

I^eedK (Yorkshito). There are 
three principal railway stations all neat 
together JQ Wellington-street. From 
the Cenlral Stat, start the trains of the 
G. N. (for Wakefield, Doncaiter, and 
London), and Lane & Yoiksh. IClys. 
(for Bradford, Uanchesler, Liverpool, 
Wfliefteld, &c.) : from tlie Wellingtint 
Stat^ those of the Midland Ely. (for 
Sbemetd, Derby, and Jjondon ; also to 
Bootland, via Settle and Carlisle); 
and from the New Stat (adjoining the 
Midland) those of the N. E. (for HuD, 
York, Darlinglon, Newcastle, and Ber- 
wick) ; and L. & N. W. Ely. (for Hud- 
dersfield. Manchester, and Liverpool). 

At Holbeek Junction, on the out- 
skirts of the town, where most of these 
lines converge, is another station, at 
which all ^e trains which pass it, 
stop. The Oeneral Poit Qgee is in 
Park-row, Tery near the Wellington 
Station. 

Imu: The Queen's at the Wel- 
lington Stat., and the "Great Nortli- 
em Hote), at tlie Central Stat. The 
Trovelyan Temperance Hole), in Boar- 
lane, is good. 



W8. 251 

Leeds (pop. 280,000) is the great 
commercial capital of Yorkshire ; the 
centre of the clothing trade, and the 
Bfth town in England in size and im- 
portance. It is the assize town for 
the West Bidine of Yorkshire. It is 
the greateet cloth market in the world. 
Almost every kind of woollen cloth is 
made here, and there is hardly a branoh 
of manu&icture which is not repre- 
bonted. Flax mills, dye and bleaching 
works, felt factories, iron works, and 
factories for the making of machines, 
brass foondries, glass works, cap and 
shoe bctories on a great scale, cbe- 
mioal works, and leuther works are 
among the moat impotlatit of these. 

WelttTigton-etreet, in which are the 
prittcipal warebouBes; and Briggate, 
where are the best shops, are the most 
important streets in Leeds ; and a fine 
street has beenmadeoathesite of the 
ancient Boar-lane. 

The principal sights are tlie Charehet, 
the Tiiuni EaO, the PhSoeophical HaU 
with its Masaim, the MeiAanict' Inati- 
lution, and the Factoriee and machine 
" shops " of some of the greater firms. 
These last Ibrm, of course, tho great 
and peculiar features of the place, but 
they are not to be seen without a 
special introductioQ, and not always 
with an introduction. 

St. Petet'i, or the parish ch., at the 
end of Kirkgate, was entirely rebuilt 
1840-11 (B. D. Chantrell, archit.) at 
a coat of about 40,0001. This sum 
was raised by volontarj subscription, 
and the whole work is due to the 
energy of the late Dean Hook. A new 
reredos was erected in 1872, The 
organ is a very fine one. 'ihe choir is 
oelebrated, and the visitor will do well 

attend the service here. There la 

The oh. of St. John, LitUe Holbeek 
(Sir a. Q. Scott), is worth attention. 
By far the most interesting chntcb, 
however, is 

8t. John'; in new Briggate. This 
(AureA, consecrated by Arbp. Neale, 
Sept 21,1634, isavery remarkable ^iro- 
bably unique) eiam^e of a " Laudian" 
ch., completed jost before the outbreak 
of the civil war, and still retaining its 
original fittings. It consists of a long 



luiTe and chancel, with S. aide. All 
the deUilB are remarkable. 

In Pork-lEuie, not very far from the 
nilwuy station, is the Toon Hall, tegnn 
in 1893, and opened b; Qneen Victoria 
in 1858 (Brodrick. arohitl. The 
Victoria Hall, 162 ft. by 72 fl,, and 
7S ft. high, is capable of holding 8000 
persona. The cost of the Town Hall 
waa about 120,000i. 

The Fhiloiophieal HaU, in Pnrk' 
low, contains the libraiy and JIfiueion 
of me Leeds Philosophical and Lite- 
rary Society ; admission Id. for each 
peraoii. It will thoronahly repay a 
Tieit. On the gronnd-floor are the 
lecture-ball, council-room, and librar)'. 
On (he upper floor are the gealogieal 
and zoological rooms. The first ia 
rich in both geologioel and mineralo- 
gical collections. The zoological room 
oontaina admirable series of mammalia. 
The collection of birds deserves notice. 
There is a small Indtutrial Muteum, 
fall of intareat for visitors to Leeds. 
It is intended to contain specimens of 
the manufactnres carried on here, and 
of the materials used in prodncing 

The Meehania' Ttutitvtiim, a massive 
stone building of Italian character, is 
in Coobridge-street, near the Town 
Hall. The cost was about 22.0002. 

The Central PuHie Free Library ia 
in Infirmnry- street 

The Mixed-clMh HaU stands neatl; 
opposite the Wellington Bly. tjtat. 
(to Tuesdays and Saturdays the hall 
is open for an honr-and-a-half, and the 
business done is sometimes very 
tensive. 

The While-rit>Ot HaU, formerly i 
the Assembly Booms, has been rebuilt 
in King-street (near railwav stations), 
on a scale of some magnificence, at a 
cost of about 3O,00nL 

At the corner of Boar-lane and Park- 
row stands the New Exchange, the 
foundation-stone of which was laid 
in 1872 by II.R.H. Prince Arthur. 
The design ia Gothic, and deserves 

In Paik-row the Unitarian Chapel 
ia, from its excellent proportiona, on( 
ofthebestbuildingsiathetowD. Th( 
bank of Hessis. Beckett £ Cki. {8ii 



O. O. SeoU), in the same row, should 
also be remarked. 

Of the few relics of earlier days, th« 
moat interestteg is, perhapa, the Sed 
Hall in Upperhead-row— the honee in 
which Chaa. I. waa confined for K day 
o when paaaing aonthward in tfaa 
custody of Comet Joyce. 

At the skirt of Woodhouse Moor 
(f, S. comer), above the (own, is tha 
Neir Grammar School, built by EdvioTd 



ing. The school was founded in 1552. 

WoodJtoute Jtfoor itself is the breath- 
ing-place of Leeds, and has been 
bought by the Corporation, From it 
there is a flne view up the valley of 
the Aire, on the side of which, and 
round the moor, are the bouses of the 
pnnoipal merchants. 

In Great George-etreet, behind the 
Town Hall, is a Sea Sotpital, and a 
Maiical School near it. The design, 
by Sir 6. G. SooU, is a kind of Lom- 
bard-Gothic, and said to he the most 
perfect building of the kind iu ex- 
istence. Ite cost exceeded 100,0001. 

The great JSamtfactoriet are col- 
lected for the most part along the 
banks of the river, and at night, when 
the light streams from ionnmerabla 
windows, this quiirtar of Leeds is very 
striking end impressive. 

One of the largest fiax-mills in Uie 
town is that of the Jlfetar«. JfartAoIl, oa 
the B. side of the Aire. The iters mill 
is a very remarkable bnilding, forming 
one enormous apartment, 400 ft. long 
by 216 ft. broad, and spreads over a 
space of about 2 acres. About lOOO 
hands are at work dally in this vast 
hall, and the view in every directiim 
is wonderful . 

Of the Jr»n Fadorieg and Foandritl, 
the principal ore the Airedale Foundrf 
(Messrs. Kilson), where locomotives, 
boilers, &c., are made : but one still more 
interesting is the Wellington Foundrt 
(Messrs. Fairbaim). This covers nearly 
i acres of ground, and all &e ddi- 
cate machinery for spinning flax, tow, 
hemp, and silk may here t>e seen in 
process of construction. Heeare. John 
Fowler k (Jo. (agrioulturol implement 
makers) have very exlensive works 



adjoinli^; the Aii«dsle Fonndry. At 
the machine "ahop" of MesarB. 
Baileti it Oreemeood, at ArmUy, is 
turned out &n immenee nmount of ma- 
chinery for the makiiig of fleld-guos, 
rt&M, and other luatrumeDts of nar, 
and for the more peaceful trade of tilk 
dieesing. 

The Glow Work) of Messw. Bower, 
at Huiulet, and the She^acar Spa- 
nigh Ltalber Worki, belonging to 
Meesra. Wilaon, also nell deserve a 

Boujulhay, (he new PvBie Park, 
about H ni. from Ihe top of Briggate, 
was poioLased in 1872 by the Corpo- 
ration OD behalf of the publio, at a 
ooet of 140,0001. It is 773 acrea in 
extent, gitiuited on beautifully undu- 
latiuK ground, well wooded, with seve- 
ral lutes, the largest of which cocera 



The ruins of Kirketall Abbey may 
be visited by taking the Midland Bly. 
to EirksColl, or by tram-car. These 
temains ora more perfect than those 
of any other Yorkshire abboy except 
Fountains, and hare a high interest 
for the ardiEBOli^iat A slnall sum is 
paid for admission to the ruins, whicb 
the visitor is then left to examine at 
his leiaure. The greater part of the 
remains ia Trans.-Norm. The Church, 
which consists of a long nave, vrith 
transepts, and a very short choir, is 
almost throughout Trans.-Norm. The 
design of the W. front is unusual, very 
pictui-eaqne, and should be specially 
noticed. The CloiUer is on the S. 
mde of the nave, and forms a 
le of 143 fL by 115 ft. On 

hapUr-lumie, 
house, N.W. of the abbey, is 
tached to a private residence. 

About 4 m. Tt of the Arthiitgtoa 
Slat, m m.) on the H. E. line of Bly. 
is Eareuiood, castle, ch., house, and 
pork. The walk is pleasant (there is 
no conveyance to be had at the station), 
with the winding Wharfe 1, Aiihing- 
ttm HaU (Rev. Thos. Sheepshanks) 
»nd Park are passed L llie main 



'DS. 2M 

road winds ronnd the wooded hltl on 
which Harewood Castle stands; but 
the pedestrian should turn off by the 
first road rt after passing Arthington 
Ch.,asceadBswdoaUil],aQd then take 
the first fork 1. to tlie village or Low 
Weardley, and tJieuce to an entrance 
of Harewood Park, through which he 
may walk to the viltugo (where the 
keys of the ch. are kept ; on Thurs- 
days it is open). The ruined Catlk 
sluids on high ground, on the slope of 



E. The ruins are picturesque, and 
the towers are covered with ivy. 

Harewood ClmTeh slands in tlie pork, 
about { m. B. of the village. It is 
Perp., and possibly the work of the 
priory of Bolton. 

From the W. door of the ch. there 
is a protty new of Baremood llaa*e 
(Earl of Harewood ; open on Thiu«- 
aays). The interior ia stately, with 
ceilings by Zucchi, Bote, and Bdiecei ; 
and contains a few good pictures. The 
GoEenj, a noble apartment 77 ft by 
24 ft., contains a collection of china 
valued at 100,000i. The view from the 
terrace is very fine, and the gardens 
and pleasure-grounds are exterksive 
and very beautifuL 

At AM (5 m.) by road across Wood- 
house Moor, is a Norm, ch., well known 
to arcbieologists. Jt is a umall build- 
ing, consisting only of nave and 
chanceL The most striking features 
of the ch. are the S. porch and the 
chancel uch, both enriched with very' 
elaborate Norm, sculpture. (The pe- 
destrian may walk across the country 



is Temple Naeeam (Mrs. Meynell In- 
gram). The house is famous for its 
collection of pictures, which are shown 
on Tharidayt, in the absence of tho 

The existing house was boilt temp. 
Chas. I. It U of brick, with stone 
coigns, and very picturesque. II 
contains 2 very sMkmg apartments — 
the library ; and the picture-gallery, 
where are some jmportantpictnree. 

(The rains of Thorpe Hall, 2 m. S. 



254 



LEEK— LEICESTER. 



□f Temple NewBom, will repa? the 
visit of an architectural aatiqunrj.) 

A drive of not quite a mile will 
bring tho vieitor from Temple New- 
gam to the village of Whitkirk, the 
ch. of which deseives a vuit. 

The . threat mBimfBoturlog towns, 
Bradford, Halifax, HnddeiaSeld, and 
BamBlej, are reached in so short a 
time by rail, that a long da; maj be 
Bpent iu each without difSoiity. 

Leeds Oabtle (Kent), see MaidiUme, 

Iie«K (Staff.)— Stat., N. Staff. 
Bly. — (Jnn»; Goorge ; Bod Lion ; Eoe- 
buok) IB a mBonfacturing town, with 
several large silk mills. The Ch. 
(restored by Street) is Dec., and w- 
markable for its fine tower and su- 
perb rase window in the N. aisle. Bee 
in the ch.-yard a, curious monument 
to WilliBin Trafford, 1697; also a 
carved Danish pillar, 10 ft. high. 
The view from the ch.-jard, looking 
N. over the Boiiches, is exceediugl; 
bcsutiful. 

ExeurtiotK. — 1} m. N, to DUa- 
lacresge Abbey, fonnded 1214, for 
CiBlereian monks, and delightfully 
situated. The fairohouse, with which 
the rains are incorporated, is a good 
specimen of a timbered building, and 
many portions of the old abbey lie 
scattered about. Eadyard (Stat.), 2 
m., is a pleasant resort, on account 
of the picturesque reservoir, Eadyard 
Lake. 

relcester (Leic.)— Stat., Midi. 
Elv. Inns.- BeU; WeUiogton. Pop. 
112.000. Poat-ofBoe, Granby-street 
■~is the county town, and the head- 
quarters of tlie hosiery trade, and 
contains much that "" "'^ "~ " 



of the Roman town of Rata. The 
Jewry WaR (adjoining St. Hi^iolat 
Ch.), so called, because In the middle 
ages it was in the Jews' quartei, 
is a specimen of Boman brick and 
stone masonry, 25 yards long and 
5 feet high. It formed port of the 
town wall, whose parapet was sup- 
ported by arches on the inside. Other 
interesting Boman remains may be 
seen in the ifuwum (open daily, ex- 
cept Friday), in the New Walk, a plea- 



sant shady promenade, S.E. of the 
town, which conlains a Bomau mile- 
stone, mosaic pavements, waterpipes, 
Ac, with fossils from the liaa of Bar- 
row-on-Soar. Tho speciality of I«i- 
cester are the hosiery warehoases, 
which are very extensive, and the elas- 
tio web manufactories ; it being the 
headquarters of the stocking and the 
boot trades. In UorsefUr-street, the 
new and handsome municipal build- 
ings have been erected. Bt. Sick<^a»' 
Ch,, St Nicholas'-sqaare, is partly 
built with materials from the walL 
It is the oldest church in Leicester, 
and the windows are faced with 
Boman bricks. St. Xartfa Ch. (close 
to the Castle, of which it was the 
chapei) is very fine, containing Norm. 
work in N. porch, in the clerestories, 
and chancel, while the remainder is 
mostly E. E. The Ca^U, once a 
stronj-hold of Simon do Montfort, Earl 
of Leicester, but now used for county 
business, only contains a portion of the 
Great Hall of the or^nal buUding. 
There is a singular earthwork adjoin- 
ing, called the 3founf; and the enclosed 
space added in the 1 4th cent, by tha 
Bail of Leicester is the Neaarlu, con- 
nected witlithe castle area by a turret 
gateway, and entered from Oxford- 
street by another, called the Nagaiine. 
It is now the site of the Militia and 
Volunteer Barracks, On the S. side 
of the Newarke is a portion of the 
original town wall, and on the N. 
side is Trinity Hospital (date of build- 
ing, George IU.); the chapel con- 
lains monument of Mary de Bohun, 
first wife of Henry IV. St. Martin'g 
Ch, is very old, though much altered. 
Wigeton'» BotpiUU, close by, is of 
Elizabethan date. St. Margarefs, re- 
stored by Scoll, is a line Ferp. church 
with an embattled tower 100 ft. high ; 
monument to John Penny, Bishop of 
Carlisle, 1520. 

Old Bbiweti.— (o) Brick Tmner, of 3 
storeys, in High-street, the town man- 
sion of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon 
(temp. Elizabeth) ; (6) in BedcrosB- 
street, with pargetting ; (c) the Green 
Dragon, in the Macket-plaoe ; (i) the 
Nag's Heed, at the end of the Town 
Hall-iane (17th cent.). The Tovm 



LEICESTES~LEOMINBTEIt. 



255 



stained glass, of date of Henrj VII. 

Wallc«.—(a) f m, N. to LeieeHer 
Abbey (over the bridge), founded by 
Bob^ le BoBsu, Earl of Leicestei, in 
1143, and where Cardinal Wolseydied 
in 1530. The gate tbrongh which he 
entered ia still risible in the E. wall ; 
bnt the ruins are only the fragments 
of a IGth-cent. hoose. Extend the walk 

1 m. N.W. to see the fine ayenue of 
Beaumont Leys. (6) TotheiJaicdi/fes, 
1} m. B., on tlie Ajleitone road— old 
Soman ramparts — which perhaps be- 
loi^ed to a Roman raoeconrse. 

Exeartione. — (a) to Vlvertetoft 
Priory, 7 m, — the flnert ©eclesiasticil 
rain in the county—passing through 
Grnby, 4 tn., NewUncn Lia/ord, 5i m., 
and BradgaU Park, 6 m, (Eatl of 
tstamford and Warrington). The last- 
named ia open to private partiee 
throughoirt the yew; lo public par- 
ties, irith oarriages, imly on Mondays 
and Fridays, in the sanuner. GrKry 
has an old mmwion, with a curiouB 
barony ball. Lady Jane Grey lived 
here. Pass GnAy Pool, L, to Nete- 
tovm lAnford (Inai : Bradgate Arms ; 
Stag's Head). Bradgale Parh is very 
pietcresque. Ascend the hill called 
Old Joha^a fine view. The house, 
arm In ruins, was the birthplace 
and early residence of Lady Jane 
Grey. The principal remains are 
two towers and the chapel, which 
contains the monument of H. Grey, 
Baron Groby, and hia wife. See the 
avenne of Spanish chestnuts. It is 

2 m. N.W. (a beautiful walk) to Oi- 
veracrqff Priory (date Henry U.). It 
is of Deo. style, with a high tower of 
60 feet having traces of t£ree apart- 
ments intended as cells for recluses. In 
the Prior's Hall is a stone pulpit, and 
there are traces of a chapter-hr- — 
and cloister. 

Omnibuees daily to Belgiave, 1 
Oadhy, 3 ro. (see Vi^iton), and BJlles- 
don, H m, (see Melton Xowbray) ; and 
on Wednesdays and Saturday to 
Market Boswraih, 13 m. (see Minck- 
ley'), and Wtpnemuold, 14 m. (see 
iMagKMroagh). 



DUtancee, — SysUm, *i m. ; Belvoir 
CagOe (see also £of Wori), via Melt«n, 
27 m.: Chamwood Forest (see JtU)/), 
10 m; Mount Sorrel, 1 m. ; Bosworth 
Field (see Sinckley), 14 m.; Lnlter- 
VJorOi, la IQ. ; BaTd<m Bill, 10 m.; 
A>hby, 18 m. 

J^elrll (Lancaah.)— Stat., L. £ 
N.W. Ely. (Kenyon Branch) (inn: 
White Horse) — is a thriving village. 
It contains a rather fine old Church,ot 
Tudor date. Old Eoaies.—(a) SAu^ 
tUworth and (b) Sopeear jBoUa, 1 n. 
8.E., the lattOT with traces of moat ; 
(c) Mm-ley") HaU, 2i m. E. on bank of 
the Bridgwater Canal, the old seat 
of the Leylands, 1536. 

Lkiqh Delahgbe, see Chippenham. 

liOlc-hton BuKXftrd 
■Beds.). Stat., L. & N. W. Ely. Jnn : 
Swan. This is an old country-town, 
which has received fresh life since the 



. A branch line runs (time 15 
J to DuntlaMe. The Church is 
large and fine. The tower and spire 
are E. E., and very good. The open 
T«ofs are fine throughout. 

The Market Crou (built oiro. 1300) 
stands at a junction of streets, and has 
been restored. The streets have some 
good old houses of red brick, and some 
picturesque gables. SiewMey, with its 
fine Norm. Charch, is 5} m. distant. 

3} m. S. of Leighton, and 1 m. N. 
of Cheddington June, is Menfmore 
(the Countess of Bosebery), a resid- 
ence of the late Baron Meyer de 
Bothscliild. In it is a fine collection 
of paintings, drawings, miniatures, 
enamels, ivories, crystals, porcelaine 
(Sevres), tapestries, and other artidet 
de vortu. Notice also in Hall, marble 
chimney-piece, from house of, and 
designed by, Mubem. Write for per- 

LmaH Woods, see SrieM. 

LBurrwABDmE, see LitdUnit. 

Leietoh, see Aldborough. 

Leith Hill, see Dorking. 

IieomillHter (Herefordshire). 
Stat., Shrewsbury and Hereford Rly. 
Jnna .- Boyal Oak ; King's Arms. 
This was a place of note under the 
Heptarchy, a monastery being founded 



250 



LEOMINSTEH— LEWES. 



here in the 7th cent., wliicb nas da- 
stcoyedlD theDsniBli irars. Id 1125, 
Henry I. establiebed a cell fot Bene- 
dit^tiuea. The Prion/ now forms part 
of the union voikhouse. 

The old Stater Croa, erected 1633, 
by John Abel, haa been removed from 
ite otigiaal dte, aud re-erected in the 
iQeadow called tbe Grange, a plea- 
ssnt promenade ground. 

The spacious Chureh, enlarged at 
different perioda, and restored 1866, 
under Sir G. Q. SeoU, contniuB por- 
tions of every style, and is united on 
the N. side to a more ancient church, 
of plain yet good Norm. 

1} m. ia Iviw/lon Camp, a British 
post, divided by a aubseqnent work. 
There is capital ^ayling and trout 
fishing in the Lugg and Arrow 
Btreama (day and season tjckota 
granted to visitiira to Royal Oak 
Hotel). Good sport may alsn ' ' ' 



of Royal Oak Hotel. 

LEomNnTB (Sussex), see Little- 
hamphm. 

Leohard Stanley, see Froeeiler, 

Lesnbsb Abbky, see Eriih. 

Letebimqton, aee Wiebeaek. 

T.eweH (Busaex), Stat., L. B. 
& 8. C. Ely. Jntw; Star (cbserve 
grand old sCatrcoie of curved oak) ; 
White Hart; Bear; Crown. ThU is 
one of the most pictoresquely-Biluated 
towns in the S. of England, and 
oovera the aide of a steep hiU in the 
very heart of the South Downs, and 
at a point where Uie sunouiiding 
heights are unusually striking and 
elevated. The views from the castle 
and trom the neighbouring hills will 
give the best notion of its position. 

The Caiille, which lowers grandly 
above the toKu in all distant views, is 
approached from the High-street by a 
timting called Castle-gate, between 
the County Hall and Bt. Michael's 
Church. The Gatehouse 1b early 
EdwEudian, and the original Norman 
gateway remains close within. At 
Ettoh extremity of the enclosure with- 
in the outer wall is an artificial 
mound, giving Lewes Castle the very 
unuauiJ pecnliiirity of two keeps. 



The apace between the centres of the 
two mounds measures nearly SOU feet. 
One of these is occupied by the re- 
mains of the existing keep, whioli ia 
reached by a winding accent close 
within the gatehouse. Of its foar 
oolagonal towers only two remain. 
They can only be visited by alrangerB 
on payment of a sixpenny fee, since 
the principal tower is rented by the 
Sussex Arehteological Society, whose 
museum is arranged in its leveral 
storeys, Tbe view from tbe leada of 
the tower is very striking. On the 
other mound there are traces of 
foundatioos, which prove that it was 
once crowned by a aimilac mass of 
towers. 

At tbe fool of the bill are tbe 
scanly remains of the venerable Priory 
of St. Paneran. It was oripnalty 
large and stately, and occupied by 
the first Cluoioc monks eatablislied 
in England ; tickets In view may be 
had at the PoslKitllce, Southover. 
Porhnpa the most interesting fragment 
is the so-called "Lantern," standing 
further back than the great masa or 
the rains, in tlie garden of tbe pro- 

Srietor. It is a round building, un- 
ergrouod, quite dark, and entered 
through a nanpw passage of some 
length, troth what was originally a 
vaidted crypt (now covered by the 
railway). It was probably the prison 
of the monastery. 
Frooi tlie Priory, Uie visitor should 

E recced to Sottthover Ckurch, close 
9youd. Part of the nave erdies are 
early Norm. The chancel is Ferp.. 
and originally extended much &rtheT 
E. A bitle Norm, chapel was erected 
by subscnption in 1S4T, to contain the 
bones of William Earl of Warrene and 
Gundrada his wife, the buUders of 
Lowes Castle and founders of tbe 
Priory, whose cof&ns and remains 
were discovered in excavating for the 
railway, which passes directly over 
the site of the great ohnrch of the 

Of the remaining Ckurdif in Lewes, 
the most interesting are St Jnne's, at 
the top of the hill, W., very good 
Trans.-Nonn., with an early font; and 
St Miehaeli, near the projecting clocb 



LSWES-LICHFIELD. 



SSU 



in the Hich-sbeet, with ft low cinnlar 

tover and ^ire. 

The E. part of the town ia adorned 
by a baudaome building, designed by 
Sir G. O. Scott, and named t£e Filt- 
Toy Memorial I/Brrary. It was erected 
by Ibe widow of tho Hon. Heniy Fitz- 
toj, and conlaina what is piacticsll; a 
free libraiy. In the loed opposite u 
the Schod of AH. 

Some pleasant nallca may be taken 
over the downs, which environ Lewes 
on all sides but the S. A fine view is 
obtained from Ciije Hill, and tiie town 
ma^ be regained through the Coombe, 
whioh opens at the furtber end, — 
one of uiosa deep hollows occurring 
tbnn^boDt the (£a1k districts. Some 
good viewa of the town may be ob- 
toined on the road to Mailing. 

Prom Cliffe Hill a wiilk may bo 
taken to JUounf Cdbwm, about 2 
8.£. from Lewes, where a Email 
trencbment, probably British, occupies 
the blow of a bill overhanging the 
MBS through which the railway winds. 
Tbe view, which is grand and taried 
the whole wajr from Cliffe Hill, at^ 
tains its finest point at the Mount — 
Peveneey Cartle and Battle Abbey are 
within dgbt. 

The small Dec Ch. of Kingiton, 
about 2 m. 8.W. from SouQiover, is 
worth a visit, for the sake of its posi- 
tion. BvxaAorough, an old &rmhouBO, 
1., has conaiderable remaiua of early 
architecture. The return may be made 
tluougli Iford, 1 m. 8.E,, whore ia an 
interesting Norm. Gh. The most in- 
terestli^ walk, however, from Lewes, 
ia that to Moimt Sarry, the scene of 
the defeat of Hen. lU. by Earl Simon, 
14 May, 1264. ITie road turns off 
on the downs a short dislonce be- 
yond fit Anne's Church, and climbs 
to a windmill, then crossing the lace- 
course, Mount Horry is reached, the 
enmDiit of which, called Blaek Gap 
(about 3 m. W. from the town), is 
crested by a stunted plantation. The 
views of the S, Downs and of the 
Gabum cluatet are full of variety and 
beauty, as are those toward Lewes 
Castle and town, with the ooombes 
beyond. From Mount Hatiy, the hill 
may be descended on the N. aide, and | 



the rntom to Lewes made b; the old 
London road. 

Longer excursions may be made into 
the weald country N. of Lewee. FUlch- 
ing, 9 m.. may bo rtiacbod by the 
Newick road, and the tonrist may 
proceed to UcMeld (3 m. 8.E.), re- 
turning to Lewes by the railway. 

The Ch. of Fletehing is of great 
interest. In Oie S. transept is a very 
fine brass (circ 1380); and in the 
mausoleum of tho (Sheffield family (a 
continuation of the N. traoaept) ia in- 
terred Gibbon the biatorian. ShtMfld 
Place (Ear! of Sheffield) is i m. W., 
aud contains the only good portrait of 
Gibbon, painted by Sir Joshua Itey- 
nolds. The park is ve^ tine. 

LaughbM, 6 m. E. of Lewes, deserves 
a visit for the sake of the remwns of 
the old house of the Felbams ; and the 
Church of Cbiddiitgley (8 m. NJ!. of 
I«nghton), conspicuous wilb its lofh 
alone spire, should also be visited. 
Dulaneei by Bait — Br^hion, i hr. ; 
Newbaven, J hr. ; Seaford, 25 min. 

Lbibdkn, see liorthallarttin. 

tejjan* (Lancash.). etat, L. 
& N. W. and Lane & Yorks. Elys. 
Jnn ; Bailway. The Ck. ia worth see- 
ing for its curious aisles, like passages. 



In the chancel i 



j piscina, seditiiL 



of the windows ; also monuments to 



City Slai., close to the town ; L. & N. 
W. Bly, (Trent VaUey BUlL). 1* m. 
distant. (Inns.- George, the Bcene 
Faiqubar's play, 'the Beaux Btra- 
;em,' very fair ; Swan) — is a cathe- 
l1 town of great interest, aud 
1 in aasociations with Dr. Johnson, 
who was bom here 1709. The bouse 
is at the comer of the Market-place, 
— "t resting on three vrooden pillars. 
is also his statue, with bas- 
reliefs representing scenes in his life. 
His tatber, who was a boohsellet here, 
buried in St. Micha^t Ch., whioh Is 
outside the town, and his own name 
appeals in the baptismal i^ister. The 
chief attraction of Lichfleldisof contse 
the Cailiedrai, restored, which, Ibou^ 
small, is one of the most beautiful in 



258 



LICSFIELD--tIZLS8SAZL ABSSY. 



England, and the onljona aanuonnted 
b; three spirea ; the dkta of the present 
building u from 1128-53. It vaa 
formeily surrounded b; iraJls and a 
moat ; held as a forttees, and beaieced 
during the Civil Wars in 1643. when 
Lord Btooke. the Puritan leader, was 
shot &om the steeple b7 a deaf and 
dumb gentleniim, onmed Dyott, aa- 
oeslor of Colonel D.vott, M.P.. of 
Freeford. Ue fell in Dam-gtreet and 
tho spot ifl marked by white pebbles 
set in the pavement, and hj a tablet 
over the doorway of a, red-brick house. 
The Lady Chapel ia the Uteet portion 
of the building. Over tho great door 
ia a figure of St Chad, flanktd by 
24 statues of Kings of England. Sur- 
mounting the whole ia a figure of 
Charles II. Notice the mouldings 
and the statues adorning the recessed 
doors, aa also the ironwork witJi 
which they are covered. The nave 
(Trans, from E. E. to Dec) is of 8 
bays. The chief points are the tri- 
forium, of 2 arches in each hay, and 
the clerestory, with triangular win- 
dows of open tracery and carved aldea. 
Monumenii in nave to Addison's 
father and Lady Mary WorUey Mon- 
tague, and to Anne Seward, with 
inscription by Walter Scott; in tlie S. 
aiale to a priest, and braaa to an Earl of 
Ltctifleld ; in the S. transept to Bishop 
Smalbroke, 1749, and to the 80th 
Begiment, which miffered at Sobraon 
(1846). In the Library, over the 
Chapter-house, are busts of Johnson 
and Qarrick. The choir ia the per- 
fection of a Qothic interior, with ita 
carved capitaia open to the choir aislee, 
low stalls, bishop's tlirone, and pave- 
ment by MinioH, representing the early 
history of the see. Notice the exqui- 
site eitoiT icreen, in hraaa, designea hy 
Scolt and the work of SMdviOTe, and 
the reredoi from designs by Scoit. 
The choir ends in a Dec. apsidal pres- 
bytery, of great beauty, built in 1325 
to contain the t<hriji(i of St. Chad. 
Seven out of the nine windows are 
filled with painted glass, dat« 1532, 
some of the finest in Great Britain, 
brought from the convent of Hercten- 
rode, near Liege, and obtained for 
Lichfleld by Sir Broidte Boothby. 



See in Ote S. choir aiale Chaatrej^i 
buDOOB and exquisite monninent of 
Mrs. Bobinson'a two children; the 
effigy of Bp. Haefeet, the restorer of 
the Ch. aRer the Civil War ; to Aroh' 
deacon Hodson, with alabaster panels ; 
and Major Hodson, killed at Lucknow. 
In Uie N. choir aisle is monument to 
Bp, Byder, by Chantres. A vestibule, 
lined with an elegant E.-E. arcade, 
leads out of this aisle to the Chapier^ 
hoaee, one of the most lovely bits of 
Gothic architecture in the world; an 
clongatM odagon, with a central shaft, 
radiating into ribs to support the roof, 
Tlie library contains many tare MSS., 
especially those of St Chad's Gospel, 
720, and Cliaucer'a ' Canterbury Tales.' 
The total length of the cathedral is 
375 it.; height, 05 ft.; of spire, 258 
ft. St. ilary'i Ch., in Market-place, 
1721, has good mo