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Full text of "Hand-list of Coniferae, grown in the Royal Botanic Gardens"




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ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, KEW. 



HAND-LIST 

OF 

CONI FERAE, 

GROWN IN 

THE KOYAL BOTANIC GABDENS. 

(SECOND EDITION.) 




LONDON: 

SOLD AT THE ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, X, 2W. 

PRINTED FOR HIS MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE, 

By DARLING & SON, Ltd., 34-40, Bacon Street, E. 



A 4, 

Price Threepence. ^X N ( T T? 



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1 6 PS 



PREFACE. 



THIS Hand-list might properly have formed part 
of that of the "Trees and Shrubs grown in the 
Arboretum," but so many persons possess collections of 
Conifers who are not interested in other ligneous plants 
that there was an obvious convenience in treating them 
separately. There was the further advantage that this 
enabled the species which are grown under glass to be 
included. The natural order, or rather group, Goniferae y 
is so well defined that it is desirable to enumerate in one 
list all the species actually in cultivation at Kew. 

The present Hand-list (first edition) comprises 227 
species, with 340 varieties, belonging to 37 genera. 

Sir Joseph Hooker, the late Director of the Royal 
Gardens, had contemplated the preparation of a Catalogue 
•of the Kew Pinetum. In view of this he had drawn up 
a brief review of the literature of the subject, which he 
has now, after revision, kindly permitted to be used. 



" In the following list the species are referred to the 
genera under which they have been placed by the latest 
authorities, who have revised the Order Coniferae. That 
such an authoritative list should be published is the wish. 

5000 Wt 23841 5/03 D & S 29 13614. a 2 



of all intelligent cultivators of these interesting plants,, 
and its publication in this country is rendered all the 
more needful from the fact that British cultivators alone 
persist in referring the Silver Firs to Picea, and the 
Spruces to Abies, a practice long abandoned on the 
Continent, and which has not been adopted in America. 
And if, as I hope, the correct nomenclature will in future 
be adopted in regard to the Latin names of these genera, 
I would further urge a reform in respect of their English 
equivalents, in so far as to confine the use of the words 
Pine to the species of Pinus, of Spruce to those of Picea, 
and of Silver Fir to those of Abies. We should then be 
in accordance with the universal practice throughout 
North America, which is the head-quarters of all three 
genera, where a Pine is never called a Fir, nor a Fir 
called a Spruce, nor a Spruce a Pine. 

The following historic sketch of the various essays of 
Botanists to limit the genera and species of Abietineae 
shows how divergent have been their views. I have 
endeavoured to make it more instructive, by giving 
(where there are materials for doing so) under each 
attempt the number of species known to its author, thus 
further showing the progressive discovery of species 
during the last hundred and eighty years or thereabouts. 

Tournefort, in 1717, indicated the three genera Abies,. 
Pinus, and Larix (including Cedrus) ; and his Cedrus 
is Juniperus, 

In 1731 the first edition of Miller's Gardener's 
Dictionary appeared, where he has Pinus, Cedrus, Larix 
and Abies with 16 species in all. 



Linnaeus, in 1753, included these all under Pinna, of 
"which he enumerated 10 species. 

In 1789 A. L. de Jussieu, in his Genera Plantarum, 
has only two genera, Pinus and Abies. 

In the same year the first edition of Aiton's Hortus 
Kewensis appeared, wherein all the Abietineae (19 species) 
are included under Pinus. 

In 1803 was published the first edition of Lambert's 
Genus Pinus, containing about 35 species of Abietineae, 
all included under Pinus. 

In 1813 the second edition of the Hortus Kewensis 
appeared, in which, as before, all the Abietineae 
(increased to 29) are included under Pinus. 

In 1826 Louis Claude Richard's Memoire stir les 
Goniferes was edited by his son. This classical work is 
the earliest that dealt scientifically with the order 
Coniferae, and in it the Tribe Abietineae was first 
established, to include Pinus (under which were placed 
Spruces and Silver Firs), and Larix (which included the 
Cedars) ; to these were added, Gunningliamia, Agathis 
■(Dammar a), and Araucaria, which now form a distinct 
Tribe. 

In 1827 Link, in the Journal of the Academy of 
Sciences of Berlin, proposed the five genera : Pinus, 
Picea (for Spruces), Abies (for Silver Firs), Larix, and 
Gedrus. 

In 1832 the second edition of Lambert's Genus Pinus 
appeared, wherein the Abietineae were all, as before, 
included under Pinus ; which however was broken up 
by David Don (Lambert's Herbarium keeper) into six 



VI. 

sections, Pinus, Strobus, Abies (for the Spruces), Picea, 
(for the Silver Firs and Tsugas), Larix, and Cedrus* 
About 48 species in all are described. 

In 1838 Loudon's .great work, the Arboretum et Fruti- 
cetum Britannicum, appeared. The Tribe Abictineae is 
here adopted as defined by Richard, with the genera 
Pinus, Abies, Picea, Larix, and Cedrus : and here that 
confusion of Abies and Picea which so distresses British 
foresters and planters had its origin. At p. 2105 there 
is a clavis of the genera, where the genus Abies is attri- 
buted to Link, but the characters given to it are those 
of Link's Picea ; and in like manner Picea is attributed 
to Link, though the characters given are those of Link's 
Abies, and they are followed by D. Don in brackets. 
Turning now to the full account of the genera, at 
p. 2293, we find "Abies, D. Don in Lamb. Pin. vol. iii." 
with the addition of " Picea, Link " as a synonym, 
followed by descriptions of the Spruces. And at p. 2329 
we have " Picea, D. Don in Lamb. Pin. vol. iii." with 
Abies, Link, as a synonym ; followed by descriptions 
of the Silver Firs. Now not only was the edition of 
Lambert's work subsequent to Link's establishment of 
Picea for Spruces and Abies for Silver Firs, but Don 
nowhere in Lambert's Genus Pinus proposed these 
names as generic. Disregarding this blundering, which 
probably originated in the elaboration of the conifers 
being a composite work of Don and Loudon working 
apart, there remains but one argument for preferring 
Don's nomenclature, which is, that Linnaeus called the 
Silver Fir Pinus Picea and the Spruce P. Abies, assuming 
that he was following the practice of the ancients, in 
which he is known to have been mistaken. 



VII 

Owing to the great merit and utility of Loudon's 
Arboretum, his nomenclature has hitherto been uni- 
versally adopted in the United Kingdom. It contains 
descriptions of about 70 species of Abietineae. 

In 1841 Link (in Linnaea, vol. xv., p. 481) reviewed 
the whole Tribe of Abietineae, retaining, as before, 
Pinus, Picea, Abies, Larix, and Cedrus, and enumerating 
52 species. 

In 1841-46, Antoine's Die Conifer en appeared, in 
which all the Abietineae are referred to Pinus, with 
sections of Pinus proper, Larix, Cedrus, Picea, Don, 
Abies, Don, and Tsnga ; he describes 90 species. 

In 1842 Spach, in his Histoire Naturelle des Vegelaux, 
adopted Pinus, Abies (including under it as sections 
Picea, Link, Tsuga, and Pseudotsuga), Cedrus, and 
Larix. 

Endlicher, in the same year, in his Genera Plan- 
tarum reverted to Linnaeus' practice of including all 
under Pinus, but made four sections — Pinus proper, 
Picea, Link, Abies, Link, and Larix, including Cedrus. 

In the same author's Synopsis Coniferarum, published 
two years later, he maintains the genus Pinus entire, as 
before, but subdivides it into 11 sections, with 109 
species. 

In 1850 Lindley and Gordon published (in the 
Journal of the Horticultural Society, vol. v.) " An 
Enumeration of Coniferae cultivated in Great Britain," 
where two genera only are adopted, Pinus and Abies, 
and the latter is subdivided into Firs (including Spruces), 
Larches, and Cedars, with 119 species. 



vni 

Meisner in 1836-43 published his Genera Plantarum 
Vascularium, wherein he includes all Abietineae under 
Pinus, with, as sections, Pinus proper, Picea, Link, 
Abies, Link, and Larix, including Cedrus. 

In 1855 Carriere's Traite general des Coniferes 
appeared ; he keeps up Pinus, Abies, Link, Picea, Link, 
Larix, Cedrus, and Tsuga, which includes Pseudotsuga. 
This work enumerates 133 species, many of which are 
now ranked as varieties. 

In 1858 appeared the first edition of Gordon's Pinetum, 
in which he maintains Pinus, Abies, Don (including 
Tsuga and Pseudotsuga), Picea, Don, Larix, Cedrus, and 
Pseudolarix. He enumerates 131 species, of which 
many are imperfectly known. 

In 1865 Henkel and Hochstetter published their Die 
Conifer en, with the following arrangement, Pinus, Abies 
(including Picea, Link, Abies, Link, Tsuga, and Pseudo- 
tsuga), Cedrus, Larix, and the new genus Pseudolarix, 
Gord. They describe 130 species, which should be 
reduced much as Carriere's should be. 

In 1867 the second edition of Carriere's Traite was 
published, in which all the genera of the first edition 
are retained together with Pseudotsuga and Keteleeria, 
and 153 species are described, excluding many dubious 
ones. 

In 1868 Parlatore's monograph of the order appeared 
in the 16th volume of De Candolle's Prodromus. The 
genus Pinus is divided into two sub-genera Pinus 
proper for the Pines, and Sapinus ; which latter includes 



IX 



as sections only Picea, Link, Abies, Link, Cedms, Larix, 
Pseudolarix, Tsuga, and Pseudotsuga. The species 
described are 162. 

In 1875 the second edition of Gordon's Pinetum was 
published, in which the same genera are retained as in 
the 1858 edition, with 150 species. 

Lastly, in the Genera Plantarum (1882), Mr. Bentham 
and I have distinguished Pimis, Picea, Link, Abies, 
Link, Tsuga, Pseudotsuga, Larix, and Cedrus, to which 
must now be added Pseudolarix and probably Keteleeria, 
both at that time very imperfectly known. 

In 1886 Dr. M. T. Masters published {Journal of the 
Linnean Society, xxii. pp. 169-212, tt. 2-10, with 32 
woodcut figures in the text) some " Contributions to 
the History of certain Conifers." This was followed 
in 1890 by a " Review of some points in the comparative 
Morphology, Anatomy, and Life History of the 
Coniferae" (Journ. Linn, Soc, xxvii. pp. 226-332, 
with 29 woodcut figures in the text), and in 1895 by 
" Notes on the Genera of Taxaceae and Coniferae " 
(Journ. Linn. Soc, xxx. pp. 1-42). 

In 1889, two years after his death, Dr. A. W. Eichler's 
elaboration of the Coniferae appeared in Engler and 
Prantl's Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien. He classifies 
the genera under two primary divisions : Pinoideae and 
Taxoideae. The former he again divides into Abietineae 
and Cupressineac, with several ternary divisions, and the 
latter into Podocarpeae and Taxeae. The genera are 
limited, with few exceptions, as they are by Bentham 
and Hooker ; but he retains Chamaccyparis, Thuioims 



and Pseudolarix, and sinks Pseudotsuga in Tsuga and 
Prumnopitys in Podocarpus. 

In 1891 L. Beissner published a Handbuch der Nadel- 
holzkunde. This was preceded by a Handbuch der 
Coniferen-Benennung (1887), followed by two supple- 
ments (1891-2) on Einheitliche Coniferen-Benennung. 
Beissner deals critically with the numerous natural and 
garden varieties and hybrids. He has also paid much 
attention to nomenclature, though he accepts familiar 
names rather than revive obscure ones on the rule of 
priority. 

In 1892 the Royal Horticultural Society held a 
" Conifer Conference," and the papers read thereat form 
the fourteenth volume of the Journal of the Society 
This is one of the most interesting volumes issued by the 
Society, containing a great variety of valuable informa- 
tion concerning Coniferae, including a general intro- 
duction and a list of the species cultivated in Great 
Britain and Ireland, by Dr. M. T. Masters, F.R.S. 

In 1894 H. Baillon (Histoire des Plantes, xii. pp. 1-45) 
published an account of the order, with a synopsis of, 
the genera, which he reduced to twenty-four, including 
Casuarina. He divides the order into eight " series," 
namely : Taxees, Cupressees, Juniperees, Athrotaxees, 
Nagelees, Araucariees, Pinees, and Casuarinees. The 
inclusion of the last is inexplicable, and some changes 
in nomenclature will not meet with general approval. 
Belts, Salisb. is revived for Cunninghamia, R. Br. ; 
Podocarpus, Labill. for Phyllocladus, Rich. ; Agathis, 
Salisb. for Dammara, Laink., and Nageia, Gaertn. for 
Podocarpus, L'Herit." 



XI 



Sir Joseph Hooker has been for some years so 
incessantly occupied with the completion of his " Flora 
of British India " that the detailed study of the Kew 
Pinetum which, as will be seen, he had proposed to 
himself, is entirely beyond his powers. Kew has, 
however, had the advantage, in drawing up the present 
Hand-list, of the assistance of Dr. Masters, F.R.S., who 
is now the acknowledged authority on the nomenclature 
of Conifers in this country. As a general rule at Kew, 
the Genera Plan tar um is accepted as the standard of 
nomenclature. In the present case some deviations have 
been adopted, which have received the concurrence of 
Sir Joseph Hooker. Of these Dr. Masters has been so 
good as to furnish the following brief explanation : — 



" The arrangement of the genera in the following list 
d iff ers in a few particulars from that adopted in Bentham 
and Hooker's Genera Plantar um. The principal differ- 
ence consists in the maintenance of the Taxaceae as a 
distinct order as originally proposed by Richard and 
followed by Endlicher, Lindley, and many other botanists. 
This arrangement permits of a more natural arrange- 
ment of the several taxaceous genera under two tribes, 
the Salisburineae comprising Ginkgo, Cephalotaxus, and 
Torreya, and the Taxineae including the two sub-tribes 
Taxeae and Podocarpeae. Prumnopitys, Philippi (with 
which Stachycarpus, Van Tieghem, is synonymous) is 
placed by Bentham and Hooker under Podocarpus, 
but the combination of morphological and histological 
characters point to the desirability of maintaining it as a 
separate genus. 



XI 1 



"Among the Coniferae proper or Pinaceae a few 
changes have been made from the grouping of Bentham 
and Hooker in accordance with the fuller knowledge of 
certain points of structure that is now available. 
Tetraclinis is proposed as a distinct genus, represented 
by the North African Callitris quadrivalvis, on the 
ground of its structure and geographical distribution. 
Widdringtonia is separated from Callitris for similar 
reasons. 

"The sub-divisions of Cupresstis and of Thuya have 
been bandied about between the two genera. The genus 
Cupressus, as here understood, includes the Cypresses 
proper and the so-called flat Cypresses (Chamaecyparis), 
which Bentham and Hooker place under Thuya, and 
which others prefer to consider as a separate genus. 
Retinispora, it is now well known, has no claim to a 
separate generic position, the so-called species of this 
genus being merely stages of growth of particular species 
of Thuya, Juniperus, Cupressus, etc. This is proved by 
the occasional occurrence of many of these forms on the 
same bush. The North-Western American Thuiopsis, 
placed under Thuya by Bentham and Hooker, is more 
like a Cupressus, whilst the Japanese plant known under 
the same generic name is a true Thuya. Probably the 
fusion of Cupressus and Thuya into one genus would be 
the most natural arrangement, but in practice the incon- 
venience of such a grouping and the consequent 
confusion of the nomenclature would be almost 
intolerable. 

" Psciidolarix of Gordon is shown by the male flowers 
to constitute a distinct genus, as was indeed suspected 
by Bentham. 



X1U 

" Keteleeria of Carriere, referred by Bentham to Abies, 
is also shown by the fuller knowledge we now have of 
its structure to constitute a distinct genus." 

The collections of Coniferae at Kew have occupied 
three different positions at successive times. According 
to John Smith's privately printed Records of Kew (p. 258), 
the original Arboretum consisted of about five acres. 
It lay between the Temple of the Sun and the present 
Main Entrance. It was laid out by W. Aiton on the 
Linnean system. " Pinus occupied the north and part of 
the east." 

In the first edition of the Hortus Kewensis (1789) 
Aiton enumerates 36 species of Coniferae as cultivated 
at Kew ; in the second edition (1813) 56 species are 
recorded, "which formed the collection in the original 
Arboretum." Some of these still remain. According to 
Smith (p. 286), "within a few yards of the entrance 
gates on Kew Green stands a specimen of P. Laricio (the 
Corsican Pine). In 1825 the late R. A. Salisbury informed 
me that he brought it from the south of France, in the 
year 1814 ; it is now (1880) 85 feet high, and the most 
conspicuous tree in the Gardens." 

Ginkgo biloba (Salisburia adiantifolia), first introduced 
in 1754, was, according to Smith (p. 267), "originally 
trained against a wall like a fruit tree ; upon the wall 
being taken down, and the branches cut away, it is now 
(1880) a fine tree. When against the wall one of its tide 
branches early produced male flowers." It again did so 
in 1895, and probably in previous years. 

Cedrus Deodara was, according to Smith (p. 287), 
introduced " by the Hon. Leslie Melville, in the year 



XIV 

1831, who, on visiting the Gardens, gave me a few seeds 
which he had loose in his pocket, one of which vegetated, 
and after several years nursing was planted in the old 

Arboretum In 1864 it had attained a height 

of 32 feet." The tree became diseased and was taken 
down in 1888. Near its former position is one, now 
nearly as large, raised from seed ripened in England by 
Sir T. D. Acland, Bart, 

In 1813, by permission of the Queen, nbout 45 acres 
were added to the original Botanic Garden for the 
formation of a Pinetum. This included the ground 
formerly bounded by a wire fence on which the Palm 
House now stands, and to the north, west, and south of it, 
Smith {Records, p. 291) says : — " The area was planted 
with conifers .... without any special arrange- 
ment." Many of these still remain and have attained 
a considerable size ; one of the most conspicuous is 
the fine specimen of Pinus monticola, now 56 feet 
high. 

Kew owes its existing Pinetum to Sir Joseph Hooker, 
who has always taken a peculiar interest in this ancient 
and striking group of plants. A visit to Syria in 1860 
enabled him to study the Cedar of Lebanon in its native 
locality. Perhaps one of the most interesting achieve- 
ments of the late Turkish Ambassador, Rustem Pacha, 
was his successful efforts, while Governor of Northern 
Syria, to preserve what was left of the ancient grove. 

In 1877 Sir Joseph Hooker's interest in Conifers was 
one of the main influences which induced him to under- 
take an extensive journey in Western North America. 
He brought back a rich harvest of specimens which were 
deposited in the Kew Museum. 



XV 

The Kew Pinetum has been carefully developed on the 
lines which Sir Joseph Hooker laid down. These are 
sufficiently indicated in the following extract from his 
Report for 1872 (pp. 4-5). 

"Pinetum. — This, which is by far the most important 
and extensive collection in the grounds, is now all but 
completed. In my Report for 1871 I stated that the 
genera Abies, Picea. and a few others had been planted 
along the new walk on lhe south side of the Lake. 
These extend for 160 yards on both sides of the path, 
and are now succeeded by the collection of Pinus 
proper, which extends from the termination of Abies to 
the Isleworth entrance (340 yards), and thence along 
the lined-out path (100 yards) that leads to the Sion 
vista. The collection of Pinus proper also extends 100 
yards up the new path skirting the Queen's Cottage 
grounds, where it is succeeded by the collection of Yews, 
Cypresses, Retinisporas, Taxodiums, Thuyas, and smaller 
American and Japanese genera. 

" The Juniper collection is planted on either side of an 
avenue leading through the woods from the Lake to King 
William's Temple, and extends for 200 yards. 

" The classified and named Pinetum thus extends 
along nearly 2,000 yards of path and avenue, repre- 
senting double that length, or two and a quarter miles of 
made soil, beds, and plantations, except where interrupted 
by old trees. 

" The plants are throughout so arranged that the Old 
"World species are as far as possible placed opposite to 
the American species of the same genera, and there are 



XVI 

on the average 3-12 specimens of each species or con- 
spicuous variety, placed in groups. The number of 
specimens is about 1,200, all I believe correctly named, 
with the exception of some doubtful ones. Almost 
every species that can be grown in the open air in this 
country is represented. Very few have been bought, 
the majority being plants procured by exchange and 
correspondence with different parts of the world, and 
through the liberality of various eminent nurserymen. 

" Whenever possible, the specimens in the old Pinetum 
have been transplanted to this, in most cases with 
apparent success, but of this there is no assurance till 
the spring is over. The specimen Pines in the Botanic 
Garden have not been removed." 

It is only 'necessary to add that at the end of a 
quarter of a century the original plan has met with as 
much success as could be expected, looking at the great 
variety of species which it is attempted to grow under 
almost uniform conditions. A barren and arid soil has 
been congenial to some groups and fatal to others. 
Pines have on the whole prospered, while Spruces and 
Silver Firs have languished. In the latter case the 
maintenance of a collection illustrating Conifers as a 
whole can only be effected by constantly renewing it 
with young plants. As soon as these reach any size, . 
they appear, under the conditions to which they are 
exposed at Kew, inevitably to die. It may be interesting 
10 mention a few of the species which flourish on the 
Kew soil. 

Ginkgo biloba (Maidenhair Tree) has already been 
referred to. In Japan this remarkable tree, a last 



representative of one of the most ancient types of plan 
is only found in the precincts of temples, where it has 
been almost certainly planted. Being deciduous it 
tolerates the neighbourhood of towns, and it is remark- 
able that it has not been more frequently planted in our 
parks. But its growth is alow. 

Sciadapitya verticiUata (Umbrella Pine") is represented 

by a vigorous specimen. 

Taxodium distiphum (Deciduous Cypress) bids fair 
form a conspicuous feature on the islands in the Lake. 

Ulantica (Atlas Cedar) grows with great 
rapidity at Kew. The Deodar (Cedrus D 
other hand, has greatly disappointed the expectations 
formed of it. The most shapely and graceful specimen 
which Kew possessed, do feet in height, stood on the 
west side of the Pagoda Vista, between the Palm Ho; 
and King William's Temple. It was anfortnately 
destroyed by lightning on August 10th, 1805. 
Bulletin, 1895, p. 235.) 

Larix eugopaea (Larch) grows well at Kew. Scatter d 
through the woods are many tine speeimens, the wood 
of which is of excellent quality. 

Abies brachyphylla, from Japan, grows with 
rapidity, and promises to be one of the most successful 
additions to the Pinetum from that country. 

Pinus Coulteri is represented by a very tine specimen 
near the Cactus House (No. V.). 

Pinus La 'irio (Corsiean Pine) has already been 
referred to. 

13614 * 



XV111 

Pinus excelsa (Bhotan Pine) is represented by 
numerous vigorous specimens. 

Pinus monticola has already been referred to. 

Of the specimen trees in the Botanic Garden some 
have been already mentioned. Perhaps one of the 
most notable was the first specimen of the Chili Pine 
(Araucaria imbricata), the history of which is given in 
the Kew Bulletin for 1893 (pp. 24, 25). It died, and was 
removed in the autumn of the preceding year. 

Several of the tender Conifers grown in the Temperate 
House are fine specimens of some age. 

Agathis cmstralis (Kauri Pine) was introduced to 
Kew in 1838 by " Sir William Symonds, then Surveyor- 
General of the Navy " (Smith, Records, p. 289). 

Agathis robusta, according to Smith {Records, p. 290), 
was introduced to Kew in 1852, and grew freely in the 
Palm House. It was subsequently removed into the 
Temperate House, the conditions of which seem to suit 
it even better. 

Araucaria Bidwillii (Bunya Bunya) was brought to 
this country in 1846 by Mr. T. Bidwill, who " was super- 
intendent pro tern, of the Sydney Botanic Gardens " 
(Smith, Records, p. 67). It fruited in 1873. 

Araucaria Cunninghamii (Moreton Bay Pine) was 
discovered by Allan Cunningham in Queensland (pro- 
bably about 1826), who forwarded plants to Kew, of 
which the existing specimen is the survivor. Some 
years ago it was much disfigured by a gust of wind 



XIX 

which carried off about 25 feet of the top. The stump 
was trimmed, and a new leader was speedily produced, 
which eventually restored the symmetry. 

Araucaria excelsa (Norfolk Island Pine), a native of 
Norfolk Island, according to Smith {Records, p. 66), 
introduced to Kew from New South Wales in 1793, by 
Governor Phillips (first Governor of New South Wales). 
The necessity for providing adequate accommodation for 
this and other striking plants led to the erection of the 
Temperate House, to which they were transferred in 
1863. The habit of the specimen at Kew, which is now 
more than a century old, is a good deal altered (and 
perhaps improved) by the pruning necessary to keep it 
within bounds, even in its present position. 

Kew, March, 1896. 



XX 



PEEFACE TO SECOND EDITION. 



THE first edition (1896) of the Hand-list of Coniferae 
grown in the Kew Arboretum has been for some time 
exhausted. 

It is now republished after having been carefully 
revised and enlarged by the addition of the names of 
numerous species and varieties which have been added to 
the collection since the first edition was prepared. For 
the revision I am indebted to Dr. Masters, F.R.S. 

The number of Coniferous plants now enumerated 
includes 246 species and 451 varieties, or some 700 "sorts" 
in all. 

In the first edition it was stated (p. 16) that Ginkgo 
bildba " is apparently nowhere known in the wild state." 
Several fine specimens have since been found by 
Mrs. Bishop in the magnificent forests which surround 
the sources of the Great Gold river and the smaller Min, 
in Western China, and also in the forests of Central 
Yesso, Japan. (Journ. Linn. Soe. BoL, xxvi. 547.) 

The following measurements of exceptional specimens 
have been made by Mr. W. J. Bean, the Assistant Curator. 
Those marked with a f exceed the dimensions recorded 
in the report of the Royal Horticultural Society's 
Conifer Conference in 1892 : — 

f Abies brachyphyUa ; in collection, 39 feet high : 
2 feet girth. 



xxi 

Agathis australis ; in temperate house, 31 feet high ; 
.1 foot 2 inches girth. 

Agathis rdbu8ta ; in temperate house, 39 feet high ; 
1 foot 8 inches girth. 

Araucaria Bidwillii ; northern half of temperate 
house ; girth 3 feet 7 inches ; present height 
48 feet, but has been cut down. 

Araucaria Cookii ; in temperate house, 30 feet 

6 inches high ; 1 foot 4 inches girth. 

Araucaria Cunninghamii ; in temperate house, 
girth 3 feet ; has been lowered several times, 
present height 47 feet. 

Araucaria excelsa ; in temperate house, 48 feet high 
(before the top was removed 53 feet high) ; 3 i'eet 

7 inches girth. 

Cedrus atlantica ; there are specimens in Kew 
between 60 feet and 70 feet high. 

* Cedrus Libatoi ; several fine specimens in Kew ; 
the best, probably, is the one terminating a short 
vista N.W. of the Palm House ( -| on key plan), 
69 feet high ; 14 feet 2 inches girth. 

Cv/pressus macrocarpa ; near Lily pond, 49 feet high ; 
."> feet 4 inches girth. 

f Ginkgo biloba ; near No. 3 Fernery, 61 feet high ; 
9 feet 2 inches girth (at 2 feet 6 inches from 
ground). 



* Except where otherwise stated the girth of the trunk is taken at 
3 feet from the ground. 



XX11 



f Larix eurojmea, a dead tree felled in wood near 
Temperate House, November, 1902, was 105 feet 
long as it fell, a small portion, estimated at 5 feet 
or 6 feet, had previously been blown off the top so 
that at its prime it must have been at least 110 feet 
high. 

Picea Omorica ; this spruce is one of the most 
promising in Kew, a tree about 14 years old, is 
now 17 feet 6 inches high ; 11 inches girth. 

Pinus bungeana ; in collection, 20 feet high ; 1 foot 

8 inches girth. 

f Pinus Coulteri ; near Succulent House, 54 feet 
high ; 7 feet 5 inches girth. 

Pinus excel sa ; on lawn near Victoria Gate, 62 feet 
high ; 7 feet 8 inches girth. 

Pinus flexills ; in collection near Isleworth Gate, 
31 feet high ; 2 feet 6 inches girth ; has produced 
cones for several years. 

t Pinus lambertiana ; in collection near Lily Pond, 
63 feet high ; 4 feet 7 inches girth. 

f Pinus Laricio ; near main entrance, 86 feet high ; 

9 feet 3 inches girth. 

f Pinus Laricio var. pallasiana ; in collection, 60 feet 
high ; 7 feet girth. 

Pinus monticola ; on lawn N.W. of Water-lily 
House ; 63 feet high ; 5 feet 1 inch girth. 

Pinus palustr is ; in collection, 19 feet high; 8 inches 
girth. 

t Pinus Pinaster ; near Old Oak Avenue, 71 feet 
high ; 7 feet 8 inches girth. 



XX111 

t Pinus Pinea ; near Director's Office, 31 feet high ; 

7 feet 7 inches girth ; 46 feet diameter. 

f Pi mis sabiniana \ in collection, 55 feet high ; girth 

8 feet 2 inches (at 18 inches from ground). 

Pinus Strobus ; in Rhododendron Dell, 74 feet high ; 
6 feet 2 inches girth ; one of several old trees now 
decaying. 

I'inus sylvestris ; near Pagoda, 79 feet high ; 7 feet 
3 inches girth. 

Pseudolarix Kaempferi ; 25 feet high ; 2 feet 4 inches 
girth. 

| Sciadopitys verticillata ; in collection, 14 feet 

9 inches high ; 1 foot 4 inches girth. 

Sequoia sempervirens ; in collection, 66 feet high, 
8 feet 8 inches girth. The top of this tree was 
blown off some years ago, and although a new and 
vigorous leader has been formed the tree is not so 
high as formerly. 

W. T. T. D. 

Kew, April, 1903. 



TAXACEAE. 



Tribe I.— Salisburineae. 

Ginkgo biloba, L. Veitch Manual eel. 1, 313, f. 63 ; ed. 2, 
107 f . China. « The Maidenhair tree." 

Salisburia adiantifolia, Salisb. 
Var. fastigiata. 
Var. macrophylla laciniata. 
Var. pendula. 
Var. triloba. 
Var. variegata. 

Cephalotaxus drupacea, Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. tt. 130, 
131. Japan. 

C. Fortuni, Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4199 ; Beissner Handbuch 
182, f . 45. Northern China. 

Var. brevifolia, Hort. ? 
Var. longifolia, Hort. ? 

Var. robusta. 

C. Oliveri, Mast. Icones Plantarum t. 1933, Gard. 
Chron. 1903, xxxiii. 227, f. 93. China. 

C. pedunculata, Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 132. Veitch 
Manual ed. 2, 115, f. 50 ; Beissner Handbuch 179, 
f. 44. 

Taxus Harringtonia, Knight & Perry. 

* Those species marked with an asterisk are grown under glass. 
13614 A 



3 

Cephalotaxus pedunculata — cont. 
Var. fastigiata, Garr. Rev. Hortio. 1863, 349, f. 36. 
C. Buergeri, Miq. 
Podocarpus koraianus, Hort. 
Taxus japonica, Hort. 

Torreya californica, Torr. Sargent Silva x. t. 513. Cali- 
fornia. "California Nutmeg." 

T. Myristica, Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4780 ; Gar J. Chron. 
1884, xxii. 681, f. 116. 

T. nucifera, Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 129. Japan. 

T. taxifolia, Arn. ; Beissner Handbuch 187, f . 46. Sargent 
Silva x. t. 512. W. Florida. " Stinking Cedar." 



Tribe II.— Taxineae. 

Sub-tribe I. — Taxeae. 

*Phyllocladus rhomboidalis, Rich. Con if. t. 3, f. 2. Tas- 
mania. " Adventure Bay Pine." 

Yews. 

Taxus baccata, L. ; Beissner Handbuch 168, f. 43 ; Eng. 
Bot. ed. 3. t. 1384; Bentl. & Trim. Medic. Plants 
t. 253. Europe and Northern Asia. " Common 
Yew." 

Var. adpressa, Garr. 
T. adpressa, Gordon. 
T. brevifolia, Hort. (not Nutt.) 
T. sinensis tardiva, Kntght. 

Var. adpressa aurea. 

13G14 A 2 



Taxus baccata — cont. 
Var. adpressa stricta. 

T. adpressa erecta, Hort. 
T. adpressa fastigiata, Hort. 
T. adpressa stricta, Hort. 
T. baccata verticillata, Hort. 

Var. adpressa variegata. 

Var. albo-variegata, Spaeth. 

Var. argentea. 

Var. aurea. 

Var. aureo-variegata. 

Var. Barroni. 

Var. brevifolia. 

Var. cheshuntensis, Gord. 

Var. Dovastoni, Garr. Rev. Hortic. 1861, 175, f. 
" Westfelton Yew." 

T. Dovastoni, Hort. 

T. pendula, Hort. 

T. umbraculifera, Hort. 

Var. Dovastoni aureo-variegata. 

Var. elegantissima. 

Var. epacridioides. 

Var. erecta, Loud. 
T. baccata stricta. 
T. baccata Crowderi. 

Var. ericoides. 

T. baccata empetrifolia. 
T. baccata microphylla. 
T. baccata Mitchelli. 



Taxus baccata — cant. 
Var. expansa, Carr. 

Var. fastigiata, Loud; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 141, f. 52. 
" The Irish Yew." 

T. hibernica, Hook. 

Var. fastigiata argentea. 

Var. fastigiata aurea, Standish. 
T. hibernica aurea. 

Var. fastigiata Standishii. 

Var. Fisheri. 

Var. Foxi. 

Var. fructu luteo. 

Var. glauca, Garr.- 

T. baccata subglaucescens, Jacques. 

T. baccata nigra. Hort. 

Var. gracilis pendula. 

Var. horizontalis, Knight. 
T. disticha, Wender. 

Var. horizontalis elegantissima. 

Var. imperialis. 

Var. Jacksoni. 

Var. nana, Knight & Perry. 

Var. " Neidpath." 

Var. procumbens, Lodd. 

Var. pyramidalis. 

Var. pyramidalis variegata. 

Var. recurvata, Carr. 
T. recurvata, Laivson. 



Taxus baccata — cont. 

Var. semperaurea. 

Var. Sieboldi. 

Var. sinensis, Knight. 

Var. Washingtoni. 

T. canadensis Washingtoni, Hort. 

T. brevifolia, Nutt. Sylva t, 108 ; Sargent Silva x. t. 514, 
Western N. America. " Calif ornian Yew." 

T. canadensis, Willd. Canada and N. Eastern United 
States. •' Canadian Yew." 

Var. aurea. 

T. cuspidata, Sieb. & Zucc Fl. Jap. ii. t. 128. Mountains 
of Japan. " Japanese Yew." 

T. baccata cuspidata, Carr. 
Var. compacta. 

*Dacrydium araucaroides, Brongn. & Gris. New Caledonia. 

*D. cupressinum, Soland. ; Kirk Forest Flora of New 
Zealand tt. 18, 19. New Zealand. 

*D. elatum, Wall. ; Blume Rumphia iii. tt. 172. b, 172. c. 
Malaya. 

*D, Franklini, Hook. f. Flora Tasmaniae 1. 100. Tasmania. 



Sub-tribe II. — Podocarpeae. 

Podocarpus alpina, B. Br. Tasmania. 

*P. amara, Blume Rumpbia iii. t. 170. Java. 

*P. argotaenia, Hance. Cbina. 
P. insignis, Hemsl. 



11 

*Podocarpus canaliculata, Hort. Origin uncertain. 

*P. chilina, Rich. Conif. t. 1, f. 1. Andes of Chili. 
P. andina, Hort. (not Poepj).). 

*P. cupressina, B. Br. Benn. PL Jav. Rar. 1. 10. Burma, 
Malaya. 

*P. dacrydioides, A. Rich. Kirk Forest Flora of New 
Zealand tt. 31, 32. New Zealand. 

*P. elongata, UHerit. ; Engler Pflanzenw. Ost.-Afr. t. i. 
E. Africa, &c. 

*P. ferruginea, D. Don. ; Kirk Forest Flora of New 
Zealand t. 84. New Zealand. 

*P. japonica, Sieb. Japan. 

*P. macrophylla, D. Don. ; Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. tt. 133, 
134. Japan. 

*P. Nageia, R. Br. ; Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 135. 
Japan. 

*Var. rotundifolia. 

*P. neriifolia, D. Don. ; Bot. Mag. t. 4655. Himalaya. 

*P.l nubigena, Litull. & Paxt. Flower Garden 1851, 162. 
f. 128 ; Gard. Chron. 1891, x. 171, f. 23. Chili. 

*P. pectinata, Panch. (ex. Brongn. & Oris.) ; Bot. Mag. 
t. 7854. New Caledonia. 

Dacrydium Pancheri, Brongn & Oris. 
*P. purdieana, Hook. Icones Plantarum t. 624. Jamaica. 
*P. salicifolia, Klotzsch & Karst. Colombia. 



13 

*Podocarpus Totara, G. Benn. ; Kirk Forest FJora of New 
Zealand t. 115. New Zealand. 

Some of the above-mentioned species may really belong 
to Prumnopitys, but until they flower and can be critically 
examined and determined it seems better to include them 
provisionally under Podocarpus. 

Prumnopitys elegans, Philippi ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 154, 
ff. 53-4. Chili. 

Podocarpus andina, Poepp. 

Stachycarpus andina, Van Tieghem. 

*P. spicata, Mast. New Zealand. 

Podocarpus spicata, R. Br. ; Kirk Forest Flora of New 
Zealand, tt. 4, 5. 

*P. taxifolia, Mast. Andes. 

Podocarpus taxifolia, H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Sp. 
ii. t. 97. 

Taxodium bogotense, Hart. 

Saxegothea conspicua, Lindl. ; Gard. Chron. 1889, v. 782, 
f. 125. Veitch Manual ed. 2, 159, f. 55. Southern 
Chili. " Prince Albert's Yew. 



?» 



^Microcachrys tetragona, Hook. f. Bot. Mag. t. 5576. 
Tasmania. 



15 



PINACEAE. 



Tribe I.— Cupressineae. 

Sub-tribe I. — Juniperinae. " Junipers" 

fSABINA. 

•Juniperus barbadensis, L. ; Sargent Silva xiv. t. 738. 
Southern United States. " Red Cedar." 

J. bermudiana, Lunan. 

J. virginiana, (in part) various authors. 

J. virginiana var. australis, Endl. 

J. virginiana var. barbadensis, Gordon. 

J. virginiana var. bermudiana, Vasey. 

*J. bermudiana, L. ; Hemsl. Gard. Chron. 1883, xix. 657, 
f.f. 105-6 ; Sargent, Garden and Forest, 1891, 289, 
f.f. 51-2. Bermuda. 

J. fragrans, Hort. 

J. oalifornica, Carr. ; Rev. Hort. 1854, 353. f. 21. Sargent 
Silva x. t. 517. Utah, Arizona, California. 

J. chinensis, L. ; Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. tt. 126, 127 ; 
Beissner Handbuch, 119, f. 29. Himalaya, China, 
Japan. 

J. Cabiancae, Vis. 

J. canadensis aurea, Hort. 

J. densa, Gord. 



17 

Juniperus chinensis — cont. 
J. flagelliformis, Hort. 
J. jakobiana, Hort. Jakob-Makoij. 
J. japonica, Garr. 
J. reevesiana, Hort. 
J. squamata, Hort. Edinb. 
J. struthiaeea, Knight & Perry. 
J. Thunbergii, Hook. & Am. 
Var. albo-variegata. 

Var. aurea. 

J. japonica, Carr. var. aurea, Hort. 

Var. glauca. 

Var. pfitzeriana, Spaeth. 

Var. Smithii. 

Var. variegata. 

J. excelsa, Bieb. Asia Minor, Taurus. "Greek Juniper." 
J. phoenicea, Pallas Fl. Ross. t. 64 (not L.). 
Var. Perkinsii. 
Var. stricta. 
Var. venusta. 

*J. flaccida, Schlecht. ; Sargent Silva x. t. 519. Mountains 
of Mexico. 

J. macropoda, Boiss. Himalaya. 

J. excelsa, Brandts (not Bieb.). 

*J mexicana, Schiede. Mountains of Mexico. 



19 

Juniperus occidentalis, Hook ; Sargent Silva x. t. 521. 
North Western America. 

J. dealbata, Hort. aliq. (not Loud.). 

J. pyriformis, Lindl. 

Chamaecyparis Boursieri, Decne. (not Carr.). 

Var. Burkei. 
Var. fragrans. 

J. pachyphlaea, Ton\ ; Sargent Silva x. t. 520. New 
Mexico, Arizona. 

J. phoenicea, L. ; Laguna Fl. Forest. Esp. t. 14. Mediter- 
ranean region. 

J. bacciformis, Carr. 

J. Lycia, L. (not Pall.). 

J. tetragona, Moench. 

Var. turbinata. 

J. dealbata, Hort. aliq. 
J. oophora, Kunze. 

J. pseudo-Sabina, Fisch. & Mey. Siberia, Himalaya, Tibet. 

J. recurva, Biich-Ham. ; Gard. Chron. 1883, xix. 4G8, f . 69 ; 
Veitch Manual ed. 2, 186, f. 57. Nepal, Cashmir. 

Var. pendula. 

Var. squamata, Pari. 

J. densa, Gord. 

J. excelsa, Bleb. var. nana, Endl. 

J. religiosa, Boyle. 

J. squamata, Bud i. -Ham. 






21 

Juniperus Sabina, L. ; Beissner Handbuch, 108, f. 27. 
Mountains of Europe and N. America. " Savin. 

J. excelsa, Willd. (not Bieb.). 

J. Lycia, Pall, (not L.). 

Var. humilis, Endl. 

Var. procumbens, Pursh. N. America. "Waukegan 
Juniper." 

Var. prostrata, Loud. " Carpet Juniper." 

J. hudsonica, Ludd. 

J. prostrata, Pers. 

J. repens, Nutt. 
Var. tamariscifolia, Ait. " Spanish Savin." 
Var. variegata. 

J. scopulorum, Sargent Silva xiv. t, 739. W. United 
States. " Red Cedar." 

J. excelsa, Pursh (not Bieb.). 

J. occidentals, Porter (not Hook.). 

J. virginiana, Torrey (not Lindl.). 

J. virginiana var. montana, Vasey. 

J. Bphaerica, Lindl. , Lindl. & Paxt. Flow. Gard. 1850, 
58, f . 35. North China. 

J. chinensis var. Smithii, Loud. 

J. Fortunei, Van Houtte. 

Var. glauca, Gord. 

J. Shephardi, Hort. 

J. Sheppardi, Hort. 

J. tetragona, Schlecht. Mountains of Mexico. " Rock 
> Cedar." 

J. sabinoides, Sargent Silva x. t. 523. 



23 

Juniperus thurifera, L. ; Veitch Manual ed. 1, 271, f . 60 ; 
ed. 2, 192, f . 59. Spain, Portugal, Algiers. " Incense 
Juniper." 

J. bonatiana, Vis. 

J. cinerea, Car v. 

J. foetida var. thurifera, Spach. 

J. hispanica, Lam. 

J. sabinoides, Endl. 

J. utahensis, Lemmon ; Sargent Silva x. t. 518. Utah, 
Colorado. 
J. californica var. utahensis, Engelm. 
J. occidentalis, Watson (not Hook.). 
J. occidentalis var. utahensis, Kent. 

J. virginiana, L. Sargent Silva x. t. 524. North-east 
America. " Red Cedar." 

Var. argentea. 

Var. aureo-spica, Hesse. 

Var. aureo-variegata. 

Var. bedfordiana, Knight. 
J. bedfordiana, Hort. 
J. gossainthaneana, Lodd. 
J. gracilis, Hort. 
J. virginiana gossainthaneana, Carr. 

Var. Cannartii. 

Var. Chamberlaynii, Carr. 

Var. cinerascens, Carr. 

Var. clanbrassiliana. 

Var. compacta. 

Var. elegantissima. 

Var. glauca, Carr. 



25 



Juniperus virginiana — conl. 
Var. horizontalis. 
Var. humilis. 
Var. kostetiana. 
Var. pendula, Carr. 
Var. pyramidalis glauca. 

Var. Schottii, Gordon. 

J. virginiana viridis, Hort. 

Var. Smithii pendula. 

Var. tripartita. 

Var. viridis. 

Var. viridis pendula. 

tf Oxycedrus. 

*J. Cedrus, Webh. Mountains of the Canaries. 

J. communis, L. ; Beissner Handbuch $134, f. 31 ; • Sar- 
gent Silva x. t. 516. Europe, Siberia. " Common 
Juniper." 

Var. alpina. 

J. alpina, S. F. Gray. 
J. canadensis, Lodd. 
J. nana, Willd. 

Var. alpina aurea. 
J. canadensis aurea. 

Var. aurea. 

Var. fastigiata. 

J. hibernica, Gord. 

J. hispanica, Booth, ex Endl. 

J. suecica, Mill. 



27 



Juniperus communis — cont. 
Var. glauca. 
Var. hemisphaerica. " Hedgehog Juniper." 

J. hemisphaerica, Presl. 

J. nana var. hemisphaerica, Carr. 

Var. oblonga. 

J. oblonga, Bieb. 

Var. reflexa. 

J. communis var. caucasica. 
J. oblonga, Gord. 

J. henryana, B. Br. Campst. Gard. Chron. 1873, 8. North- 
Western America. 

J. litoralis, Maxim. Japan. 
J. conferta, Pari. 

J. macrocarpa, Sibfh. ; Reichb. Ic. Fl. Germ. xi. t. 537. 
Mediterranean Region. 

J. Oxycedrus, L. Herb, nee Sp. PI. 

J. neaboriensis, Hort. 

J. sphaerocarpa, Antoine. 

J. umbilicata, Gren. & Godr. 

J. Willkommii, Antoine. 

J. Oxycedrus, L. ; Rich. Conif. 39, t. [6 ; Kohler Med.- 
Pflanz. iii. 79. SouthHEurope, &c. 

J. biebersteiniana, C. Koch. 

J. rufescens, Link. 

J. tenella, Antoine. 

J. rigida, Sieb. & Zucc. Flor. Jap. ii. 109, 1. 125. Mountains 
of Japan. 

J. taxifolia, Hook. & Am. China and Japan. 
J. oblonga pendula, Hort. 



29 



ttt Arceuthos. 



Juniperus drupacea, Labill. ; Gard. Chron. 1896, xix. 519, 
f. 80 ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 173, f. 56. Mountains 
of the Levant. " Syrian Juniper." 

J. rufescens, Hort. Edirib. 

Arceuthos drupacea, Antoine. 

Sub-tribe II. — Oa llitris t ae. 

*Tetraclinis articulata, Mast. Algiers, Marocco. 

Callitris quadrivalvis, Rich. Conif. t. 8, f. 1 ; Loudon 
Encycl. 1072, f. 1995 ; Kohler Med.-Pflanz. ii. 1. 129. 

Frenela Fontanesii, Mirbel. 

Thuya articulata, Vahl. 

•Callitris australis, Sweet. Australia. 

Frenela australis, R. Br.; Hook. f. Fl. Tasman. t. 97. 

*C. calcarata, R. Br. Australia. 
Frenela Endlicheri, Pari. 

*C. cupressoides, Schrad. S. Africa. 

*C. Parlatorei, F. Muell. Australia. 
Frenela Parlatorei, F. Muell. 

*C. rhomboidea, R. Br. ; Rich. Conifer. 47 t. 18. Australia. 
Frenela rhomboidea, Endl. 

*C. robusta, R. Br. Australia. 
Frenela robusta, A. Gunn. 

# Var. verrucosa, Benth. <k F. Muell. 
C. verrucosa, R. Br. 



31 

*Actinostrobus pyramidalis, Miq.\ Hook. IconeB Plantarnm 
t. 1275. West Australia. 

"Widdringtonia Whytei, Rendle in Trans. Linn. Soc. Bot. 
Ser. 2. iv. 60. t. 9. Mountains of Central Africa. 
" The Milanji Cypress." 



Sub-tribe III.—Thuynae. 

*Fitzroya Archeri, Benth. & Hook. f. Tasmania. 
Diselma Archeri, Hook. f. Fl. Tasman. t. 98. 

*P. patagonica, Hook. f. Bot. Mag. t. 4616. Mountains of 
Western Patagonia, Chili, Valdivia. 

Widdringtonia glauca, Hort. 



t EuCupressus. — " Ct/2)i'esses." 

'Cupressus Benthami, Endl. ; Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. xxxi. 
341, f. 15. Mountains of Mexico and Guatemala. 

C. aromatica, Gord. 

C. braziliensis, Hort. 

C. Coulteri, Forbes. 

C. Ehrenbergii, Kunze. 

C. elegans, Hort. 

C. excelsa, Scott. 

C. Hugeli, Hort. 

C. karwinskyana, Regel. 

C. lusitanica, Carr. (not Mill.). 

C. Skinneri, Hort. 

C. thurifera, Schlecht. 

C. uhdeana, Hort. (in part). 

Var. arizonica. 

Cupressus arizonica, Greene. 



33 

*Cupressus funebris, Endl. ; Gard. Chron. 1850, 439, f. 31. 
China. 
C. amoena, C. Koch. 
C. pendula, Abel (not Thnnb.). 

*Var. glauca. 

C. kashmiriana, Hort. 

C. goveniana, Gord. ; Journ. Hort. Soc. London 1849. iv. 
205, f. Sargent Silva x. t. 527. California. 

C. calif ornica, Carr. 

*C. lusitanica, Mill. ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 211, f. 60. 
Locality unknown. " The Cedar of Goa." 

C. glauca, Lam. 

C. pendula, UHerit. 

C. uhdeana, Gord. (in part). 

C. macnabiana, A. Murr. ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 213, f. 
Sargent Silva x. t. 528. Mountains of California. 

C. glandulosa, Hook. 

C. macrocarpa, Hartiv. ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 215, ff. 62-3. 
Sargent Silva x. t. 525. California, near the coast. 
" Monterey Cypress." 

C. Hartwegii, Carr. 

C. lambertiana, Gord. 

Var. Crippsii. 

Var. fastigiata. 

Var. guadeloupeusis. 

Cupressus guadeloupeusis, S. Wats. 

Var. lutea. 

C. pygmaea, Sargent, Silva xiv. t. 7-10 ; California. 
C. goveniana var. pygmaea. Lemmon. 
C. goveniana, Sargent (partly). 
13614 13 



Cupressus sempervirens, L. ; Beissner Handbuch 101, f . 26 \ 
Reichb. Ic. Fl. Germ. xi. t. 534. Levant. 

C. horizontalis, Mill. 

C. patula, Spad. 

C. sempervirens var. horizontalis, Oord. 

C. Tournefortii, Audib. 

Var. fastigiata. 
C. ambigua, Hort. 
C. bedfordiana, Hort. 
C. conoidea, Spad. 
C. fastigiata, DC. 
C. pyramidalis, Targ. Tozz. 

Var. flagelliformis. 

Var. globulifera. 

Var. indica, Boyle. 
C. australis, Low. 
C. doniana, Hort. 
C. Roylei, Carr. 
C. whitleyana, Hort. 

Var. retrofracta. 

Var. thuiaefolia. 

C. torulosa, D. Don. ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 233, f. 71 ; 
Lawson Pinet. Brit. ii. t. 35. W. Himalaya. 
" Tufted Cypress." 

C. Tournefortii, Tenore (not Audib.). 

•Var. corneyana. Locality unknown. 
C. corneyana, Gord. 

Var. majestica. 
13614 » 2 



37 



ttCHAMAECYPARIS. 



Cupressus lawsoniana, A. Murr. Sargent Silva x. t. 531 ; 
Bot. Mag. t. 558 L. North California, Oregon. " The 
Lawson Cypress. 1 ' 

Chamaecyparis Boursieri, Garr. 

C. lawsoniana, Pari. ; Beissner Handbuch 72, f. 17 

The varieties, which are very numerous, admit of a 
rough classification according to their most conspicuous 
characters. Many of them lose their peculiar form as 
they increase in age ; they also vary in their decree of 
hardiness. 

Variatious in Colour of Folinge. 

Var. albo-maculata. 

Var. albo-picta. 

Var. albo-spica. 

Var. albo-variegata. 

Var. argentea. 

Var. argenteo-variegata. 

Var. aurea. 

Var. aurea nova. 

Var. aureo-variegata. 

Var. beissneriana, P. Smith. 

Var glauca. 

Var. glauca pendula. 

Var. gracilis. 

Var. gracilis aurea. 

Var. lutea. 



39 

Cupressus lawsoniana — cont. 
Var. ochroleuca. 
Var. Rosenthali. 
Var. Silver Queen. 
Var versicolor. 
Var. Westermanni. 

Variations in Form and Habit. 

1. — Columnar or fasti giate. 

Var. Allumi. 

Cupressus lawsoniana var. Fraseri. 

Var. contorta. 

Var. erecta filiformis. 

Var. erecta viridis. 

Var. erecta viridis argentea. 

Var. ericoides. 

Var. Wisselii. 

2. — Spreading. 
Var. ainabilis. 
Var. Bowleri. 
Var. californica. 
Var. darleyensis. 
Var. fragrans. 
Var. fragrans argentea. 
Var. inter texta. 
Var. juniperina. 



41 



Cupressus lawsoniana — cont. 
Var. Krameri. 
Var. lycopodioides. 
Var. patula. 
Var. Smithii. 
Var. Youngi. 

3. — Pendulous. 

Var. glauca pendula. 
Var. gracilis gracillima. 
Var. gracilis pendula. 
Var. pendula vera. 

4. — Globose, dwarf varieties. 

Var. compacta. 
Var. minima glauca. 
Var. nana. 
Var. Shawii. 

C. nootkatensis, Lamb. Sargent Silva x. t. 530. Oregon, 
British Columbia. " Yellow Cypress." 

Chamaecyparis nutkaensis,*S)?acft ; BeissnerHandbuch 
81, f. 19. 

Thuiopsis borealis, Hort. 
T. troubetskoyana, Hort. 
T. Tschugatskoyii, Hort. 

Var. albo-variegata. 
Var. argenteo-variegata. 
Var. aureo-variegata. 






43 

Cupressus nootkatensis — cont. 
Var. aureo-viridis 
Var. compacta. 
Var. glauca. 
Var. gracilis. 
Var. lutea. 

Var. nidifica, Rovelli. 
Var. pendula. 
Var. variegata. 

C. obtusa, C. Koch-, Veitch Manual ed. 2, 220, f. 64 

Mountains of Japan. 

Charnaecyparis obtusa, Sieb. A Zacc. 

Retinispora obtusa, Sieb. Ac Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 121. 

Var. pygmaea. 

Thuya obtusa var. pygmaea, Hort. 
Chamaecyparis obtusa var. pygmaea, Hort. 

Stages of growth and varieties of C. obtwa all known as 
Retinisporas (often spelt Retinospora) in gardens. 

Var. aurea. 

Var. compacta. 

Var. erecta viridis: 

Var. filicoides; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 221, f. 65. 
Retinispora nobleana, Hort. 

Var. gracilis. 

Var. gracilis aurea. 

Var. Keteleeri. 

Var. lycopodioides. 

Var. magnifica. 






45 

Cupressus obtusa — rant. 
Var. nana. 
Var. nana aurea. 
Var. nana gracilis. 
Var. tetragona aurea. 
Var. variegata. 

C. pisifera, C. Koch. Mountains of Japan. 

Chamaecyparis pisifera, Sieb. & Zucc ; Veitch Manual 
ed. 2, 224, f. 67 ; Beissner Handbuch 84, f. 20. 

Retinispora pisifera, Sieb. dt Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 122. 

Stages of growth and varieties of C. pisifera. all called 
Retinispora in gardens. 

Var. albo picta. 

Var. darleyensis. 

Var. filifera, Mast. ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 225, f. 68. 

Retinispora filifera, Gordon. 
Var. filifera aurea. 
Var. filifera variegata. 
Var. plumosa. 
Var. plumosa argentea. 
Var. plumosa aurea. 
Var. plumosa flavescens. 

Retinispora plumosa sulphurea. 
Var. squarrosa. Veitch Manual ed. 2, 226, f. 69. 
Var. squarrosa sulphurea. 

C. thyoides, L. Sargent Silva x. t. 529. East United States. 
" White Cedar." 

Chamaecyparis sphaeroidea, Spach ; Beissner Hand- 
buch p. 66, f. 13. 

Retinispora ericoides, Gord. (not Veitch). 



47 

Cupressus thyoides — cont. 
Var. atrovirens. 
Var. glauca. 
Var. Hoveii. 
Var. kewensis. 
Var. leptoclada, Mast. 
Chamaecyparis thyoides var. andeleyensie, Carr. 

Var. leptoclada nana. 
Var. variegata. 
Var. viridis. 

f Euthuya. -" Arborvitae." 

Thuya occidentalis, L. ; Beissner Handbuch 34, f. 4. Sar- 
gent Silva x. t. 532. Canada and North-Eastern 
States of North America to mountains of North 
Carolina. " The American Arborvitae." 

T. obtusa, Moench. 

T. odorata, Marsh. 

T. sibirica, Hort. 

Cupressus Arbor- vitae, Targ. Tozz. 

Variations in Colour of Foliage. 

Var. aurea. 

Var. Buchanani. 

Var. ellwangeriana aurea. 

Var. lutea. 

Var. pulverulenta. 

Var. Riversii. 



40 



Thuya occidentalis — cont. 
Var. vervaeneana. 
T. aurescens. 

Var. Wagneri, Froebel. 

T. columnaris. 

T. Versmanni. 
Var. wareana. 

T. caucasica, Hort. 

Var. wareana lutescens, Hesse. 
Var. Waxen, Spaeth. 

Variations in Form and Habit. 

Var. Bodmeri. 

Var. caucasica, Hort. 

Var. cristata. 

Var. densa. 

Var. Dicksoni. 

Var. dorkinensis. 

Var. Douglasi. 

Var. ellwangeriana. 

Retinispora ellwangeriana, Hort. 
R. "Tom Thumb" Hort. 

Var. erecta. 

Var. erecta viridis. 

Var. ericoides 

Retinispora ilubia, Hort. 

Var. flabellata. 

Var. globosa. 



51 

Thuya occidentalis — cont. 

Var. globosa compacta. 

Var. Hovei. 

Var. pendula. 

Var. Spaethii, R. Smith. 

T. Ohlendorfi, Hart. 

T. tetragona, Hort. 

It is possible that some of these forms may belong to 
T. plicata, D. Don, whilst some of those allotted to the 
latter may be forms of T. occidentalis. 

ft MACROTHUTA. 

T. japonica, Maxim; Gard. Chron. 1897, xxi. 259, f. 87. 
Japan. 

Thuya gigantea var. japonica, Franch. d Sav. 

T. Standishii, Garr. 

Thuyopsis Standishii, Oord. 

T. plicata, D. Don ; Masters in Gard. Chron. 1897, xxi. 

101, 213, 258, (not of gardens). North West 
America. " Red " or " Canoe Cedar." 

T. gigar.tea, Nutt. ; Beissner Handbuch 48 f. 7 ; 
Veitch Manual ed. 2, 240, f. 72. 

T. craigiana, Hort. 

T. Lobbi, Hort. 

T. Menziesii, Carr. 

Var. atrovireiis. 

Var. aurea. 

Var. compacta. 

Var. fastigiata. 

Var. gracilis. 



r>:'> 

Thuya plicata — cont. 
Var. pendula. 
Var. pumila. 
Var. pyramidalis. 
Var. recurva nana. 
Var. recur vata. 
Var. semperaurescens. 
Var. umbraculifera. 
Var. zebrina. 

tft Thtjyopsis. 

T. dolabrata, L.f. ; Gard. Chron. 1882, xviii. 556, f. 95. 
Mountains of Japan. 

Thirropsis dolabrata, Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. tt. 
119, 120 ; Beissner Handbuch 53, f. 9. 

Platycladus dolabrata, Spach. 
Var. nana, Sieb. <fc Zucc. 

Thuyopsis laetevirens, Lindl. 
Var. variegata. 

tttt Biota. 

T. orientalis, L. ; Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 118. North 
China and Japan. " Chinese Arborvitae." 

T. acuta, Moench. 

Biota orientalis, Endl. ; Beissner Handbuch 55, f. 10. 
Cupressus Thuya, Targ. Tozz. 
Platycladus stricta, Spach. 
Var. argenteo-variegata. 

Biota orientalis var. argentea, Gord. 



5b 



Thuya orientalis — cont. 

B. orientalis var. variegata, Endl. 
Thuya argentea, Hort. 
T. variegata, Hort. 

Var. athrotaxoides. 

Var. aurea. 

Biota orientalis aurea nana, Hort. 

Thuya aurea, Hort. 

T. nana aurea, Hort. 

T. nana compacta aurea, Hort. 

Var. aureo-variegata. 

Biota orientalis var. variegata, Oord. 
Thuya orientalis aureo-variegata, Hort. 
T. variegata, Hort. 

Var. compacta. 

Biota japonica, Sieb. 

B. orientalis var. nana, Carr. 

B. orientalis var. Sieboldi, Endl. 

B. zuccariniana, Sieb. 

Thuya compacta, Hort. 

T. nana, Hort. 

T. zuccariniana, Hort. 

Var. decu88ata. 

Biota orientalis var. decussata, Beissn. A Hochst. 

Chamaecyparis decussata, Hort. 

Frenela glauca, Hort. (not Mirbel). 

Juniperus glauca, Hort. 

Retinispora flavescens, Hort. 

R. juniperoides, Carr. 

R. rigida, Carr. 

R. squarrosa, Hort. (not Zucc.). 



57 

Thuya orientalis — cont. 
Var. densa. 
Biota orientalis densa glauca Bort. 

Var. elegantissima. 

Biota elegantissima, Hurt. 

Var. ericoides. 

Retinispora ericoides, Hart. 

Var. falcata. 

Var. falcata nana. 

Var. falcata nova. 

Var. freneloides. 

Var. Froebeli. 

Var. funiculata. 

Var. glauca. 

Var. globosa. 

Var. gracilis. 
Thuya freneloides, Hart 
T. japonica, Horl. 
T. nepalensis, Hurt. 

Var. Hoveyii. 

Var. incurvata. 

Var. intermedia. 
Biota orientalis var. intermedia. Carr 
B. intermedia, Horl. 
B. pendula, Endl. var. 
Thuya intermedia, Hort. 



59 



Thuya orientalis — cunt. 

Var. meldensis. 
Biota meldensis, Gord. 
Retinispora meldensis, Hort. 
Thuya hybrida, Hort. 
T. meldensis, Hort. 
T. orientalis meldensis, Hort. 

Var. minima. 
Biota orientalis minima glauca, Hort. 

Var. nepalensis. 

Var. pendula. 

Biota orientalis var. pendula, Pari. 

B. pendula, Endl. 

B. pendula var. recurvata, Gord. 
Cupressus filiformis, Hort. 

C. patula, Pers. 

C. pendula, Thunb. 

C. pendulata, Hort. 

Thuya Douglasii pendula, Hort. 

T. filiformis, Lodd. 

T. flagelliformis, Hort. 

T. orientalis var. flagelliformis, Jacques. 

T. pendula, Lamb. 

Var. pyramidalis, Endl. 

Biota orientalis var. expansa, Endl. 

B. orientalis var. tatarica, Endl. 

B. tatarica, Lindl. 

Thuya australis, Hort. 

T. orientalis cupressoides, Hort. 



6] 

Thuya orientalis — cunt. 

T. orientalis var. stricta, Loud. 
T. orientalis var. tatarica, Loud. 
T. pyramidalis, Tenure. 
T. tatarica, Forbes. 

Var. semperaurescens. 

Biota orientalis semperaurea, Hurt. 

*Libocedrus chilensis, Endl. ; Gard. Chron. 1850, 439, f. ; 
Rev. Hort, 1807, 410. f. 37. Chilian Andes. 

Thuya chilensis, D. Don ; Hook. London Journal of 
Botany ii., 199, t. 4. 

L. decurrens, Torr. ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 252, f. 73 ; 
Beissner Handbuch 28, f . 2 ; Sargent Silva x. t. 534. 
Oregon to South California on mouutains near the 
sea " Incense Cedar." 

Heyderia decurrens, C. Koch. 

Thuya craigiana, .4. Murr. 

T. gigantea, Hort. 

Var. compacta. 

Var. glauca. 

Var. nana. 

Var. variegata. 

*L. doniana, Endl. ; Kirk Forest Flora of New Zealand, 
tt. 82, 83. New Zealand. 

*L. macrolepis, Benth. & Hook. Yunnan. 

Calocedrus macrolepis, Kurz in Journ. Bot. 1873, 196. 
t. 133, f. 3. 

Tribe II.— Taxodinae. 

Sciadopitys verticillata, Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 101 ; 
Veitch Manual 202, ff. 46, 47 ; ed. 2, 288, f. 87. 
Japan. « The Umbrella Pine." 






63 

•Athrotaxis cupressoides, D. Don ; Gard. Chron. 1885, 
xxiv. 273, f. 60 ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 259, f. 75. 
Tasmania. 

•A. laxifolia, Rook. ; Gard. Chron. 1885, xxiv. 584, f. 134. 
Tasmania. 

Athrotaxis doniana, Hort. 

•A. selaginoides, D. Don. ; Gard. Chron. 1888, iv. 541. f . 79 ; 
Veitch Manual ed. 2, 262, f. 78. Tasmania. 

A. gunniana, Hort. 

Sequoia gigantea, Torr. ; Beissner Handbuch 163, f. 41. 
California. " Wellingtonia," •' Mammoth Tree." 

Sequoia Wellingtonia, Seem. ; Veitch Manual ed.;|2, 
276, f. 85 ; Sargent Silva x. t. 536. 

Taxodium washingtonianum, Winsl. 

Washingtonia californica, Winsl. 

Wellingtonia gigantea, Lindl. ; Veitch Manual 205, 
f. 48 ; Bot Mag. tt. 4777, 4778. 

Var. aurea. 

Var. pendula. 

S. sempervirens, Endl. ; Beissner Handbuch 158, f. 39 ; 
Sargent Silva x. t. 535. California. "Red wood." g 

Schubertia sempervirens, Spach. 

Tux odium sempervirens, Lamb. 
Var. albo-spica. 
Var. gracilis. 

•Glyptostrobus heterophyllus, Endl. China. "Chinese 
Water Pine." 

Taxodium heterophyllum, Brongn. 



65 

Cryptomeria japonica, D. Don ; Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. 
tt. 124, 124b ; Beissner Handbuch 142, f. 337. 
Mountains of Japan and China. "Japanese Cedar." 

C. Fortunei, Otto & Dietr. 

Cupressus japonica, L. f. 

Taxodium japonicum. Brongn. 

Var. araucarioides. 

Var. elegans, Veitch Manual ed. 1, 218, f. 51 ; ed. 2, 265, 
ff. 80-1. 
Cryptomeria Veitchii, Hort. 

Var. elegans nana. 

Var. Lobbi. Veitch Manual ed. 2, 266 f. 

Var. Lobbi nana. 

Var. pungens. 

Var. spiralis. 

Taxodium distichum, Rich. ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 282, f. ; 
Beissner Handbuch 151, f. 38 ; Sargent Silva x. 
t. 537. Southern United States. " The Deciduous 
Cypress." 

Cupressus disticha, L. 

Taxodium microphyllum, Brongn. 

Var. pendulum. 

Glyptostrobus pendulus, Endl. : Bot. Mag. t. 5603. 
Taxodium sinense, Gord. 

*T. mucronatum, Ten. Mexico. 



Tribe III.— Araucarineae. 

Cunninghamia sinensis, R. Br. ; Bot. Mag. t. 2743 ; Beissner 
Handbuch 197, f . 49. South China. 

Belis jaculi flora, Salisb. 

Pinus lanceolata, Lamb. 

13611 C 



67 

•Agathis australis, Salisb. ; Kirk Forest Flora of New 
Zealand tt. 79-81. New Zealand. "The Kauri 
Pine." 

Dammara australis, Lamb. ; Gard. Chron. 1883, xx. 525, 
f. 86. 

*A. loranthifolia, Salisb. ; Vidal Fl. Forest. Filip. t. 98a. 
Malaya. 

*A. Moorei, Mast. New Caledonia. 

Dammara Moorii, Lindl. Journ. Hort. Soc. 1851. 

*A. obtusa, Mast. ; Gard. Chron. 1897, xxi. 301, f. 103. 
New Hebrides. 

Dammara obtusa, Lindl. 

*A. robusta, Mast. ; Queensl. Agric. Journ. ii. 1. 10. N.E. 
Australia. 

Dammara robusta, C. Moore. 

*A. vitiensis, Mast. Fiji. 

Dammara vitiensis, Seem. Fl. Vit. t. 76. 

*Araucaria Balansae, Brongn. <k Gris. ; 111. Hort. 1894, 
xxi. t. 197. New Caledonia. 

A. elegans, Hort. Bull. 

*A. Bidwillii, Hook, ; Gard. Chron. 1873, 361, f. 73. 
Queensland. " The Bunya-Bunya." 

*A. brasiliana, Rich. ; Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 138. 
Mountains of S. Brazil. 

A. brasiliensis, Loud. ; Gard. Chron. 1887, i. 680, f . 132. 

*A. Cookii, R. Br. ; Gard. Chron. 1901, xxx. 387, f. 117. 
New Caledonia. 

A. columnaris, Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4635. 

*A. Cunninghamii, Ait. ; Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 139. 
Queensland. " The Moreton Bay Pine." 

136U C 2 



69 

Araucaria Cunninghamii — cont. 

*Var. glauca. Gard. Ohron. 1888, iii. 685, f. 90. 
A glauca, Antoine. 

*A. excelsa, R. Br. ; Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 140 ; 
Flore des Serres tt. 2304, 2305. Norfolk Island. 
" Norfolk Island Pine." 

*Var. albo-spica. 

*Var. goldieana, New Caledonia. 

A. goldieana, T. Moore Florist and Pomologist 1877, 
39 f. 

*Var. Muelleri. 

A. Muelleri, Hort. (not Brongn. & Gris.) ; Illustr. 
Hortic. xxix. t. 449. 

A. imbricata, Pav. ; Flore des Serres tt. 1577-1580 ; 
Veitch Manual ed. 2, 297, figs. 89, 90. Mountains 
of Southern Chili. " Chili Pine." 

Var. aurea. 

*A. Rulei, F. Muell, ; Gard. Chron. 1861, 868 ; Brongn. & 
Gris. Descr. Plantes Remarquables Nouv. Caled. 
t. 16. New Caledonia. 

A. Niepratschki, Hort. Lemoine. 

Tribe IV.— Abietineae. 

Sub-tribe I.—PlCEAE. 

*Tsuga brunoniana, Garr. ; Gard. Chron. 1886, xxvi. 501, 
f. 101. East and Central Himalayas. " Indian 
Hemlock Fir." 

Abies brunoniana, Lhidl. 

A. dumosa, Loud. 

Pinus brunoniana, Wall. 

P. dumosa, D. Don. 



71 

Tsuga canadensis, Garr. ; Sargent Silva xii. t. 603. 
Beissner Handbuch 401, f. 709. N.E. America. 
" The Hemlock Spruce." 

Abies americana, Marsh. 

A. canadensis, Miclix. ; Veitch Manual 114 f. 29. 

A. curvifolia, Salisb. 

Picea canadensis, Link. 

Pinus americana, Duroi. 

P. canadensis. L. 

Var. argentea. 

T. canadensis var. albo-spica. 

Var. macrophylla. 
Var. milfordiensis. 
Var. parvifolia. 
Var. pendula. 
Var. pendula argentea. 
Var. Sargentii pendula. 
Var. variegata. 

T. caroliniana, Engelm. ; Sargent Silva xii. t. 604 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1886, xxvi. 780, f. 153 ; Beissner Handbuch 
406, f. Ill; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 466, f. 116. 
Southern Alleghanies. 

Abies caroliniana, Ghapm. 

T. mertensiana, Carr. N. W. America. 

T. albertiana, Veitch Manual ed. 2, 460 f. 

T. heterophylla, Sargent Silva xii. t. 605. 

Abies albertiana, A. Murr. 

A. Bridgesii, Kellogg. 

A. mertensiana, Lindl. & Gord. 



73 

Tsuga mertensiana — cunt. 

A pattoniana, McNab. (not Pari.). 
Pinus canadensis, Bong. 
P. mertensiana, Bong. 

T. pattoniana, Engelm. Mountains of California. 

T. mertensiana, Sargent Silva xii. t. 606 (not Carr.) ; 
Veitch Manual ed. 2, 469, f. 117. 

Abies pattoniana, Jeffrey ; Veitch Manual H6,ff. 30,31 ; 
Beissner Handbuch 409, f. 113. 

A. Williamsoni, Newb. 

Hesperopeuke pattoniana, Lemmon. 

Pinus pattoniana, Pari. 

Var. glauca. 

Abies hookeriana, A. Murr. 

T. Sieboldi, Carr.; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 473, f. 118; 
Beissner Handbuch 395, f. 106. Japan. " Japanese 
Hemlock Spruce." 

Abies Araragi, Loud. 

A. Tsuga, Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 106 ; Veitch 
Manual 118 ff. 33, 34. 

Pinus Araragi, Sieb. 

P. Tsuga, Antoine. 

Tsuga diversifolia, Maxim. 

Tsuja Tsuja, A. Murr. 

Var. nana. 



t Eupicea.— "Spruce Firs. ,, 

Picea aiba, Link. ; Beissner Handbuch 341, f. 96. North 
Eastern America, British Columbia. " White 
Spruce." 

P. canadensis, B. S. &; P. ; Sargent Silva xii. t. 598. 



75 

Picea alba — cont. 

P. caerulea, Link. 

P. nigra var. glauca, Carr. 

Abies alba, Michx. 

A. alba var. caerulea, Carr. 

A. arctica, Seem. 

A. caerulea, Forbes. 

A canadensis, Mill. 

A. laxa, C. Koch. 

A. rubra var. caerulea, Loud. 

Pinus alba, Lamb. 

P. canadensis, Duroi (not L.). 

P. glauca, Moench. 

P. laxa, Ehrh. 

P. rubra var. violacea, Endl. 
Var. aurea. 
Var. caerulea. 
Var. caerulea Hendersoni. 
Var. compacta. 
Var. echiniformis, Carr. 
Var. monstrosa. 
Var. nivalis. 

P. alcockiana, Carr. ; Gard. Chron. 1880, xiii. 212, f. 43 ; 
Beissner Handbuch 379, f. 101. Japan. 

Abies acicularis, Hort. 

A. alcockiana, Veitch. 

A. excelsa acicularis, Hort. 

Pinus alcockiana, Pari. 



77 

Picea bicolor, Mayr. Monog. Abiet. p. 49, t. 3. Japan. 
Abies alcockiana (in part). 
Abies bicolor, Maxim (partly). 
Picea alcockiana (in part). 

P. breweriana. S. Wats. ; Sargent Silva xii. t. 601 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1886, xxv. 498, f. 93. Siskiyou Mountains, 
N. California. " Weeping Spruce " 

P. Engelmanni, Engelm. ; Sargent Silva xii. t. 599 ; 
Beissner Handbuch 344, f. 97. British Columbia, 
Oregon to Arizona. 

Abies alba, Torr. 

A. Engelmanni, Parry. 

A nigra, Engelm. 

Pinus commutata, Pari. 

P. Engelmanni, Engelm. 

Var. glauca. 
P. ericoides, Hort. A variety of uncertain origin. 

P. excelsa, Link. ; Kohler Med.-Pflanz. i. t. 8 ; Beissner 
Handbuch 353, f. 99. Mountains of Northern and 
Central Europe. ' The common Spruce." 

Abies excelsa, DC. 

A. Picea, Mill. 

A. rubra. Banhin. 

Picea vulgaris, Link. 

Pinus Abies, L. 

P. excelsa, Lam. (not Wall.). 



79 

Picea excelsa — cont. 

The varieties are extremely numerous and may be 
classified into — 

1, Dwarf Varieties. 
Yar. clanbrassiliana. 
Yar. clanbrassiliana elegans. 
Yar. compacta. 
Yar. diffusa. 
Yar. dumosa. 
Yar. globosa nana. 
Yar. gregoryana. 
Yar. Maxwelli. 
Yar. microsperma. 
Yar. pygmaea. 
Yar. pygmaea glauca. 
Yar. Remonti. 
Yar. repens. 

2. Pendulous and "jSnake-branched " Varieties. 
Yar. Cranstoni. 
Var. denudata. 

Yar. inverta. Gard. Chron. 190J, xxix. 263, f. 98. 
Yar. monstrosa. 
Yar. pendula. 

3. Colour Varieties. 
Yar. argenteo-spica. 
Var. aurea. 



81 

Picea excelsa — cont. 

4. Varieties showing other Differences in Leaf and Habit. 

Var. attenuata. 

Var. cincinnata, Hesse. 

Var. Dicksoni. 

Var. eremita. 

Var. gigantea. 

Var. laxa. 

Var. mucronata. 

Var. pinsapoides. 

Var. pyramidalis. 

Var. stricta. 

Var. tenuifolia. 

P. Glehni, Mast. Gard. Chron. 1880, xiii. 300, f. 54. Island 
of Sachalin. 

Abies Giehni, F. Schmidt. 

P. Maximowiczii, Regel. ; Gard. Chron. 1880, xiii. 363, f. 64. 
Japan. 

Abies Maximowiczii, Hart. 

P. Morinda, Link; Gard. Chron. 1885, xxiv. 383, f. 85. 
Himalaya. 

P. smithiana, Boiss. ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 456, f. 112. 

Abies Khutrow, Loud. 

A. smithiana. Forbes. 

Pinus Khutrow, Royle. 

P. smithiana, Lamb. 

P. nigra, Link ; Beissner Handbuch 334, f. 94. North 
Eastern America. " Black Spruce." 

P. mariana, B. S. & P. ; Sargent Silva xii. t. 5%. 



83 



Picea nigra — cont. 

Abies alba, Ghapm. 

A. americana, G. Koch. 

A. arctica, Hort. (not Seem.). 

A. denticulata, Michx. 

A. Mariana, Mill. 

A. marylandica, Hort. 

A. nigra, Po-iV. 

Pinus Mariana, Duroi. 

P. nigra, ^4iY. 
Var. aureo-marginata. 
Var. Doumetti. 
Var. pumila. 

P. obovata, Ledeb. Ic. PI. Ross. t. 499. N.E. Europe and 
N. Asia. 
Abies obovata, Loud. 

Var. japonica, Maxim. 

Var. schrenkiana, Carr. 

Abies schrenkiana, Lindl. & Gord. 
Picea schrenkiana, Fisch. & Mey. 

P. orientalis. Carr. ; Gard. Chron. 1886, xxv. 333, f . 62 ; 

Veitch Manual ed. 2, 444, f . 109. Mountains of the 

Taurus and Caucasus. 
Abies orientalis, Poir. 
A. wittmanniana, Hort. 
Pinus orientalis, L. 

Var. aurea. 

Var. nana. 

Var. pygmaea, Ohlend. 



85 

Picea polita, Carr.\ Veitch Manual ed. 2, 447, f. 110; 
Beissner Handbuch 380, f. 102 ; Gard. Chron. 1880, 
xiii. 233, f. 44. Mountains of Japan. 

Abies Torano, Sieb. 

A. polita, Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 111. 

P. pungens, Engelm. Utab and California. 
Picea commutata, Hort. aliq. 
P. Engelmanni, Hort. (not Engelm.). 
P. Menziesii, Hort. (not Carr.). 
P. parryana, Sargent Silva xii. t. GOO. 
Abies Engelmanni, Hort. (not Parry). 
A. Menziesii, Engelm. (in part). 
A. Parlatorei, Hort. 
Var. diversifolia. 

Var. glauca. Veitch Manual ed. 2,449, f. 113. ".Blue 
Spruce." 

P. annesleyana, Hort. 

P. parryana glauca, Hort. 

P. pungens argentea, Hort. 

P. Sargentii, Hort. 

Var. kosteriana. 

P. rubra, Link. ; Beissner Handbucb 339, f . 95. 
Picea nigra var. rubra, Engelm. 
P. rubens, Sargent Silva xii. t. 597. 
Abies nigra var. rubra, Michx. 
A. rubra, Poir. 

A. rubra var. arctica, Lindl. & Gord. 
Pinus americana, Gaerln. 



87 

Picea rubra — cont. 

P. americana var. rubra, Wangenh. 
P rubra, Lamb. 
Var. monstrosa. 

ft Omorica .— " Flat-leaved Spruce Firs.' 1 

P. ajanensis, Fisch. ; Bot. Mag. t. 6743 ; Beissner Hand- 
buch 386, f. 104. Amoor, Japan. 

Abies ajanensis, Kent. 

A. alcockiana, Hort. (in part). 

A. sitchensis, C. Koch (not Bong.). 

Picea Menziesii, Pari. 

Tsuga ajanensis, Reg el. 

Var. microsperma. 

P. ajanensis var. japonica. 

P. jezoensis, Maxim, (not Sieb.). 

P. hondoensis, Mayr. Monogr. Abiet. Japan t. 4. Japan. 

P. Omorica, Mast. ; Gard. Chron. 1884, xxi. 308, f . 58 ; 
Beissner Handbuch 383, f. 103. Servia, Bosnia. 
" Servian Spruce." 

Pinus Omorika, Pane. 

P. sitchensis, Trautv. & Mey. ; Sargent Silva xii. t. 602 ; 
Beissner Handbuch, 391, f . 105 ; Gard. Chron. 1886, 
xxv. 728, f. 161. N.W. America. " Sitka Spruce." 

Picea Menziesii, Carr. 

P. sitkaensis, Mayr. 

Abies Menziesii, Loud. 

A. sitchensis, Lindl. & Gord. 

Pinus Menziesii, Dougl. 

P. sitchensis, Bong. 



8<J 



Sub- tribe II. — La rice a e. 

Cedars. 

Cedrus atlantica, Manetti. ; Gard. Chron. 1891, x. 425, f. 
53 ; Gard. & For. 1896, 417. North Africa. "The 
Atlas Cedar." 

C. africana, Gord. 

Abies atlantica, Lindl. & Gord. 

Pinus Cedrus var. atlantica, Pari. 

Var. aurea. 

Var. fastigiata, Carr. 

Var. glauca. 

Var. pendula. 

C. Deodara, Loud. ; Gard. Chron. 1891, x. 423, f. 52. 
Himalaya. " The Deodar." 

Cedrus indica, Chambr. 

C. Libani var. Deodora, Hook. f. 

Abies Deodara, Lindl. 

Larix Deodara, C. Koch. 

Pinus Deodara, Roxb. 

Var. albo-spica. 

Var. crassifolia. 

Var. erecta. 

Var. pendula. 

Var. robusta. 

Var. variegata. 

Var. verticillata. 

Var. viridis. 

Var. Youngi. 



91 

Cedrus Libani, Loud. ; Gard.^Chron. 1878, ix. f. 113 ; 188G, 
xxvi.521,f.l02 ; 553, f. 109 ; Beissner Handbuch 299, 
f. 74. Syrian Mountains. " Cedar of Lebanon." 

C. patula, C. Koch. 

Abies Cedrus, Poir. 

Larix Cedrus, Mill. 

L. patula, Salisb. 

Pinus Cedrus, L. 

Var. brevifolia, Hook. f. ; Journ. Linn. Soc. xvii. 517. 
Cyprus. 

Var. pendula. 
Var. pyramidalis. 

Larches. 

Larix davurica, Trautv. Siberia. 

L. dahurica, Turcz. ; Beissner Handbuch 329. f . 90. 

L. europaea, DC. ; Reichb. Ic. Fl. Germ. xi. t. 531. 
European Alps. " The Larch." 

L. decidua, Mill. (1759). 

L. excelsa, Link. 

L. pyramidalis, Salisb. (1805). 

L. vulgaris, Fisch. 

Abies Larix, Lam. 

Pinus Larix, L. 

Var. glauca pendula. 

Var. pendula, Loud. ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 392, f. 99. 

Var. pendulina, Eegel ; Beissner Handbuch 325, f . 89. 

Var. rossica, Eegel ; Beissner Handbuch 325, f . 88. 

Var. sibirica, Beissner Handbuch 324, f . 87. " Siberian 
Larch." 

L. archangelica, Hort. 

L. sibirica, Ledeb. 



93 

Larix Griffithii, Hook./. ; Gard. Chron. 1886, xxv. 718, f . 157 ; 
Veitch Manual ed. 2, 396, f. 101. Beissner 
Handbuch, 317, f. 82. Eastern Himalaya. 

Abies griffithiana, Lindl. & Gord. 

Pinus Griffithii, Pari. 

L. leptolepis, Endl. ; Beissner Handbuch 318, f. 83 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1883, xix. 88, f. 13 ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 
398, f. 102. Japan. 

L. japonica, Carr. 

Abies leptolepis, Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 105. 

Pinus leptolepis, Endl. 

Var. murrayana. 

Var. pendula. 

L. occidentalis, Nutt.\ Sargent Silva xii. t. 591, Veitch 
Manual ed. 2, 401, f. 104. North- Western America. 
Pinus Nuttallii, Pari. 

L. pendula, Salisb. (1805). North-Eastern America. 
" Tamarack," " Black Larch." 

Larix americana, Michx. (1813) ; Sargent Silva xii. 
t. 593. 

L. americana var. rubra, Loud. 

L. microcarpa, Forbes. 

Abies microcarpa, Lindl. & Gord. 

A. pendula, Lindl. & Gord. 

Pinus laricina, Duroi. 

P. microcarpa, Lamb. 

P. pendula, Ait. 

Pseudolarix Kaempferi, Gord. ; Flore des Serres t. 1777 ; 
Gard Chron. 1884, xxi. 584, f. 113 ; 1884, xxii. 238, 
f. 48. China. " The Golden Larch." 

P. Fortunei, Mayr. 

Abies Kaempferi, Lindl. 



95 

Pseudolarix Kaempferi — cont. 

Laricopsis Kaempferi, Kent. ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 
404, ff. 105-6. 

Larix Kaempferi, Carr. 

Pinus Kaempferi, Lamb. 

Sub-tribe III. — sapineae. 

•Keteleeria davidiana, Franch. ; Beissner Handbuch 425, 
f. 117 ; Gard. Chron. 1903, xxxiii. 85, figs. 37, 38. 
China. 
Pseudotsuga davidiana, C. E. Bertr. 

*K. Fortunei, Carr.; Rev. Hort. 1887, 207, ff. 42-5; 
Beissner Handbuch 422, f. 116 ; Gard. Chron. 1889, 
vi. 688, f. 95 (leaf structure). China. 

Abies Fortunei, A. Murr. ; Gard. Chron. 1884, xxi. 
348, ff. 64-7 ; 1886, xxv. 428, ff. 82-3. 

A. jezoensis, Lindl. (not Sieb.). 

Abietia Fortunei, Kent. 

Picea Fortunei, A. Murr. 

Pinus Fortunei, Pari. 

*K. sacra, Beissn. China. 

Abies sacra, Franch. ; Nouv. Arch. Mus. eer. 2, vii. 
t. 14. 

Silver Firs. 

Abies amabilis, Forbes ; Sargent Silva xii. t. 614 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1880, ff. 136-141 ; Beissner Handbuch 469, 
f . 128 ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 491, ff. 126-9, British 
Columbia to Oregon. 

Abies grandis, A. Murr. (not Lindl.). 

A. grandis var. densiflora, Engelm. 

Picea amabilis, Loud. 

Pinus amabilis, Dougl. 

P. grandis, Lamb, (not Dough). 



97 

Abies balsamea, Mill.; Sargent Silva xii. t. 610; Gard. 
Chron. 1895, xvii. -423, 425, 431, ff. 57, 58, 60. 
N.E. America. " Balm of Gilead " or " Balsam Fir." 

Abies balsamifera, Mich.r. 

Picea balsamea, Loud. 

Pinus balsamea, L. 

Var. hudsonica, Sargent. "Dwarf Balsam Fir" 

Var. variegata, Beissn. 

A. brachyphylla, Maxim.; Gard. Chron. 1879, xii. 556, f. 
92 ; Bot. Mag. t. 7114. Japan. 

Abies umbilicata, Hort. (not Mayr.) 

A. Veitchii (of some gardens). 

Picea brachyphylla, Gord. 

P. pinnosa, Hort. 

P. Veitchii (of some gardens). 

Pinus brachyphylla, Pari. 

A. bracteata, Nutt. ; Bot. Mag. t. 4740 ; Gard. Chron. 1889. 
v. 242, f . 44. Santa Lucia Mts., California. " Santa 
Lucia Fir " 

A. venusta, C. Koch ; Sargent Silva xii. tt. 615, 616. 

Picea bracteata, Loud. ; Garden 1889, xxxv. 12, f . 

Pinus bracteata, D. Don. 

P. venusta, Dougl. 

A. cephalonica, Loud. ; Gard. Chron. 1884, xxii. 592, f . 105 ; 
Mouillefert Arbres tt. 133, xxvi. ter. Mountains of 
Greece. 

A. Apollinis, Link 

A. panachaica, Heldr. 

A. Reginae-Amaliae, Heldr. 

Picea cephalonica, Loud. 

Pinus Abies var. cephalonica, Pari. 

13614 D 



99 

Abies cilicica, Carr. Flore des Serres t. 1108 bis; 
Beissner Handbuch 449, f. 122. Cilician Taurus. 

A. Tschugatskoi, Gord. 

Pinus cilicica, Pari. 

A. concolor, Lindl. & Gord. ; Sargent Silva xii. t. 613 ; 
Gard. Chron. 1890, viii. 748, ff. 147-8; Veitch 
Manual ed. 2, 502, f. 129 ; Beissner Handbuch 472, 
f. 130. Colorado, Utah, Arizona. 

Picea concolor, A. Murr. 

P. lasiocarpa, Balfour (not Hook.). 

Pinus concolor, Pari. 

Var. argentea Wallezi. 

Var. pendula. 

Var. violacea. 
A. concolor var. violacea. 
Picea concolor var. violacea, Roezl. 

A firma, Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii.t. 107; Veitch Manual 95, 
f. 16 ; ed. 2, 506, ff. 130-2. Beissner Handbuch 451, 
f. 123. Japan. 

A. bifida, Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 109. 

A. holophylla, Maxim. 

Pinus firma, Antoine. 

A. Fraseri, Lindl. ; Sargent Silva xii. t. 609 ; Garden and 
Forest 1889, ii. 472, f. 132. Southern Alleghanies. 

A. humilis, La Pilaye. 

Picea Fraseri, Load. 

Pinus Fraseri, Pari. 

A. grandis, Lindl. ; Sargent Silva xii. t. 612. Veitch 
Manual 98, f . 24 ; ed. 2, 512, f . 133. Beissner Hand- 
buch 478, f. 133. Vancouver to California. 

A. amabilis, .4. Murr. (not of Forbes.). 
13614 D 2 



101 

Abies grandis — cont 

A. gordoniana, Gar/: 
Picea grandis, Loud. 
Pinus grandis, Dougl. 

A. homolepis, Sieb. & Zucc. PI. Jap. ii. t. 108 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1870, xii. 823, f. 136. Japan. 

A. brachyphylla, Mayr. 

A. tschonoskiana, Bort. 

Pinus harryana, McNab. 

A., lasiocarpa, Book, (not Sort.) ; Sargent Silva xii. t, 611. 
Gard. Chron. 1889, v. 172, ff. 23-32 ; Veitch Manual 
ed. 2, 515, f. 131. British Columbia to Colorado. 

A. (Picea) bifolia, A. Murr. 

A. grandis, Engelm. (in part). 

A. subalpina, Engelm. 

A. subalpina var. fallax, Engelm. 

Picea amabilis, Gord. (in part). 

Pinus amabilis, Pari, (in part). 

Var. arizonica. Gard. Chron. 1901, ff. 52-3. 
A. arizonica var. argentea, Bort. 

Var. caerulescens. 

A. lowiana, A. Murr. ; Gard. Chron. 1890, viii. 750, ff. 149, 
150. Sierra Nevada. 

A. concolor, Sargent (in part). 

A. grandis var. lowiana, Mast. 

A. lasiocarpa, Beissn. 

A. parsonsiana (of some gardens). 

Picea lowiana, Gord. 



103 

Abies magnifica, A. Murr. ; Sargent Silva xii. tt. 618-9. 
Beissner Handbuch 482, f. 135. Californian Sierras. 

A. campylocarpa, A. Murr. 

Picea magnifica, Gord. 

Pinus amabilis, Pari, (in part). 

Var. xanthocarpa. 

A magnifica var. shastensis, Lemmon ; Sargent Silva 
xii. t. 620. 

A nobilis var. robusta, Mast. Gard. Chron. 1885, xxiv. 
657, f. 147. 

A. shastensis, Lemmon. 

A. Mariesii, Mast. Gard. Chron. 1879, xii. 788, t. 129 ; 
Beissner Handbuch 455, f . 124. Mountains of Japan. 

A. nobilis, Lindl. ; Sargent Silva xii. t. 617. Veitch Manual 
ed. 1, 101 f. ; ed. 2, 521, f. 136. Oregon, California. 

A. magnifica, Engelm (in part). 

Picea nobilis, Loud. 

Pinus nobilis, Dougl. 

Var. glauca. 

A. nordmanniana, Spach ; Bot. Mag. t. 6992. Crimea. 
Picea nordmanniana, Loud. 
Pinus Abies, Pari. 

A. numidica, De Lannoy ; Flore des Serres t. 1717 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1888, iii. 140 (in part and excl. figs.). 
Algerian mountains. 

A. Pinsapo var. baborensis, Cosson. 
Picea numidica. R. Smith. 
Pinus Pinsapo, Pari, (not Boiss.). 

A. pectinata, DC. (1805) ; fteichb. Ic. PI. Germ. xi. t. 533 ; 
Beissner Handbuch 430, f. 119. Mountains of 
Central and Southern Europe. " Silver Fir." 

A. alba, Mill. (1768). 



105 

Abies pectinata — cont. 

A. excelsa, Salisb. (1805). 
A. Picea, Lindl. 
A. taxifolia, Desf. (1809). 
A. vulgaris, Pair. (1804). 
Picea pectinata, Loud. 
Pinus Abies, Durol (1771). 
P. pectinata, Lam. (1778). 
P. Picea, L. (1753). 

A. Pinsapo, Buiss. ; Gard. Chrcm. 1885, xxiv. 468, f. 99, 
xxvi. 9, f. 1 ; 1888, iii. 140, f. 22 (section of leaf) ; 
Laguna Fl. Forest. Esp. tt. 2, 3. Mountains of 
Southern Spain. 

Var. glauca. 

A. sachalinensis, Mast. Gard. Chron. 1879, xii. 588, f. 97 ; 
Veitch Manual ed. 2, 538, f. 138. Sachalin, Yesso. 

A. Veitchii var. sachalinensis, Schmidt ; Beissner 
Handbuch 461, f. 127. 

A. sibirica, Ledeb. Ic. PI. Ross. t. 500 ; Beissner Hand- 
buch 455 ; Veitch Manual 111. North and East 
Russia. 

A. Pichta, Forbes. 

Picea Pichta, Loud. 

A. Veitchii, Lindl. Gard. Chron. 1880, xiii. 273, f. 50. 
Beissner Handbuch 459, f. 125 ; Veitch Manual 
ed. 2, 541, f. 139. Mountains of Japan. 

Abies Eichleri, Lauche. 

A. nephrolepis, Maxim. 

Picea Veitchii, Horl. 

Pinus selenolepis, Pari. 



107 

Abies webbiana, Lindl. Gard. Chron. 1891, x. 393, 395, 
399. Veitch Manual ed. 1, 109 f. ; ed. 2, 544, f. 141 ; 
Beissner Handbuch 480, f. 134. Himalaya. 

Abies chiloensis, Hort. 

A. chilrowensis, Hort. 

Picea webbiana. Loud. 

Var. Pindrow, Brandis ; Loud. Encyl. 1052, f. 1970. 
North-Western Himalaya. 

Picea Pindrow, Loud. 

Pinus Pindrow, Royle Illustr. Bot. Himal. t. 86. 

Pseudotsuga Douglasii, Garr. ; Beissner Handbuch 413, 
f. 115. N.W. America. " The Douglas Fir." 

P. mucronata, Ludw. ; Sargent Silva xii. t. 607. 

P. taxifolia, Britton. 

Abies Douglasii, Lindl. ; Veitch Manual 120, f. 35. 

A. mucronata, Rafin. 

A. taxifolia, Poir. 

Abietia Douglasii, Kent ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 475, 
ff. 120-122. 

Picea Douglasii, Link. 

Pinus Douglasii, Sabine. 

P. taxifolia, Lamb. 

Tsuga Douglasii, Carr. 
Var. brevifolia. 
Var. elegans. 
Var. glauca pendula. 
Var. revoluta. 
Var. Stairii. 
Var. taxifolia. 
Var. variegata. 



109 

Pseudotsuga macrocarpa, H. Mayr ; Sargent Silva xii. 
t. 608. Southern California. 

Abies Douglasii var. macrocarpa, Torr. 

A. macrocarpa, Vasey. 



Sub-tribe IV. — Pineae. "Pines." 

t Pinaster. 

Pinus albicaulis, Engelm ; Sargent Silva xi. t. 548. North- 
West America. 

P. cembroides, Neivb. (not Zucc). 

P. flexilis, A. Murr. (in part). 

P. flexilis var. albicaulis, Engelm. 

P. Shasta, Carr. 

P. balfouriana, A. Murr ; Gard. Chron. 1876, v. 332, f. 5fr; 
Sargent Silva xi. t. 553. California. 

Var. aristata, Engelm ; Gard. Chron. 1896, xx. 719, f . 126. 

Pinus aristata, Engelm ; Sargent Silva xi. t. 554. 

P. banksiana, Lamb. North-Eastern United States and 
Eastern Rocky Mountains. 

P. divaricata, Du Mont ; Sargent Silva xi. t. 588. 

P. hudsonica, Poir. 

P. bungeana, Zucc. ; Gard. Chron. 1882, xvii. ; 8, f. 2. North 
China. " Lace Bark Pine." 

P. excorticata, Lincll. & Gord. 

*P. canariensis, G. Sm. ; Gard. Chron. 1888, iii. 723, f. 94. 
Canaries. 

P. cembroides, Zucc. Sargent Silva xi. t. 550. Arizona. 
P. llaveana, Schiede & Deppe. 
P. osteosperma, Engelm. 



Ill 

Pinus contorta, Dougl. ; Gard. Chron. 1883, xix. 45, f. 5 ; 
Sargent Silva xi. t. 567. North-West America, near 
the coast. 

P. Bolanderi, Pari. 

P. Boursieri, Carr. 

P. inops, Bong. 

P. macintoshiana, Lawson. 

Var. murrayana, Engelm ; Sargent Silva xi. t, 568. 
Californian valleys. 

P. contorta var. latifolia, Hort. 

P. murrayana, Lemmon. 

P. Coulteri, D. Don. ; Gard. Chron. 1885, xxiii. 415, ff. 73, 
74 ; Tree at Kew, 1888, iv. 765, f. 109 ; Sargent 
Silva xi. t. 571-2. California. 

P. macrocarpa, Lindl. 

•P. cubensis, Griseb. South United States, Bahamas, 
Central America. " Slash Pine," " Swamp Pine." 

P. bahamensis, Griseb. ; Hook. Icon. Plant, t. 1807. 

P Elliottii, Engelm. 

P. heterophylla, Sud worth ; Sargent Silva xi. tt. 591-2. 

P. Taeda var. heterophylla, Elliott. 

P. densiflora, Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap., ii. 22, t. 112. Japan. 
P. massoniana, Hort. (in part). 
P. tabuliformis, Hort. 

Var. argenteo-variegata. 

Var. aureo-variegata. 

P. edulis, Engelm ; Gard. Chron. 1892, xii. 563, f. 86 ; 
Sargent Silva xi. t. 552. New Mexico. 

P. cembroides, Gord. (not Zucc). 



113 

*Pinus filifolia, Lindl. ; Loud. Encycl. 1008, ff. 1889, 1890. 
Guatemala. 

P. Skinneri, Forbes. 

P. gerardiana, Wall. ; Royle lllustr. Bot. Himal. t. 85, f. 2. 
North- Western Himalaya, Afghanistan. 

P. halepensis, Mill. ; Gard. Chron. 1884, xxii. 553, f. 97 ; 
1888, iii. 629, f . 84. Mediterranean Region. " The 
Jerusalem Pine." 

P. abchasica, Fi'sch. 

P. hierosolymitana, Daltamel (1755). 

P. maritima, Lane//. 

P. persica, Hort. 

P. Pithy usa, Strangle. 

Var. prolifera. 

P. inops, So/and. (1789). North-Eastern United States. 
" Scrub Pine." 

P. variabilis, Lamb. 

P. virginiana, Mill. (1768) ; Sargent Silva xi. t. 581. 

P. insignis, Dougl. ; Gard. Chron. 1878, ix. 108, ff. 22, 23 ; 
1891, ix. 337, f. (habit). California. "The 
Monterey Pine." 

P. radiata, D. Don. ; Veitch Manual ed. 2, 371, f. 98 ; 
Sargent Silva xi. tt. 573-4. 

P. tuberculata, D. Don. (not Gord^). 

P. Jeffreyi, A. Murr. ; Gard. Chron. 1889, v. 361, f. 65. 
California. 

Var. deflexa, Torr. 

P. Laricio, Poir. ; Gard. Chron. 1884, xxi. 15, f. 1 ; (Tree 
at Kew), 1888, iv. 693, f. 97 ; Kohler Med.-Pflanz ii. 
1. 161 ; Beissner Handbuch 239, f . 59. South Europe, 
"Levant. " The Corsican Pine." 

P. Laricio var. latisquama, Willk. 



115 

Pinus Laricio — cont. 

P. Laricio var. poiretiana, Antoine. 

P. raaritima, Ait. 

The varieties of this species are extremely numerous 
and their identification and synonymy proportionately 
uncertain. The following forms may be roughly thrown 
under the following varieties, but they are not to be 
considered as strictly synonymous. 

Var. leucodermis, Hort. Kew. 
P. leucodermis, Antoine. 

Var. nigricans, PaW. " Austrian Pine." 

P. austriaca, Hoess. 

P. calabrica, Delamarre. 

P. dalmatica, Vis. 

P. Laricio var. austriaca, Endl. 

P. Laricio var. stricta, Carr. 

P. magellensis, (russ. 

P. maritima, C. Koch. 

P. nigra, Link. 

P. nigricans, Hoess. 

P. Pinaster, Bess, (not Sol.). 

P. romana, Hort. 

P. sylvestris, Baumg. 

P. taurica, Hort. 
Var. pallasiana. 

P. caramanica, Bosc. 

P. Fenzlii, Antoine. 

P. halepensis, Bieb. (not Mill.). 

P. karamana, Mast. Gard. Chron. 1884, xxi. 480, 

f. 91. 
P. maritima, Pall. 
P. neglecta, Hort. 
P. pallasiana, Lamb. 
P. Pinea, Habl. (not L.). 



117 



Pinus Laricio — cont. 
Var. pindica, Mast, Gard. Chrou. 1902, xxxi. 302,»f. 95. 
P. pindica, Formanek. 

Var. tenuifolia, Pari. 

P. Laricio var. angustisquama, Willk. 

P. Laricio var. cebennensis, Gren, <£ Godr. 

P. Laricio var. leptophylla, Christ. 

P. pyrenaica, Lapeyr. (in part). 

P. Salzmanni, Dun. 

The following are garden varieties : — 
Var. aureo-variegata. 
Var. nana aurea. 
Var. pendula. 
Var. pumila. 
Var. pygmaea. 
Var. variegata. 

*P. longifolia, Roxb. ; Royle Illustr. Bot. Himal. t. 85, f. 1. 
Himalaya. 

*P. massoniana, Lamb. Pin. ed. 2, ii. 16. t. 8. 
P. sinensis. 

P. mitis, Michx. Eastern United States. " Yellow Pine." 
P. echinata, Mill. ; Sargent Silva xi. t. 587. 
P. Taeda var. variabilis, Ait. 
P. variabilis, Pursh (not Lamb.). 

P. monophylla, Torr. ; Gard. Chron. 1883, xx. 44, f. 8 ; 
1880, xxvi. 137, f. 24 (habit) ; Sargent Silva xi. 
t. 551. Sierra Nevada, Utah. 

P. fremontiana. Endl. 



119 

Pinus montana, Duroi ; Laguna Fl. Forest. Esp. t. 7 ; 
Hempel Biiume t. 5. Mountains of Central and 
Southern Europe. 

Var. Fischeri. 

Var. Mughus. 
P. Mughus, Scop. 

Var. Pumilio. 

P. Mughus, Wahlenb. 

P. Mughus var. Pumilio. 

P. Pumilio, Haenke. 

P. sylvestris var. Pumilio. 

Var. Pumilio variegata. 

Var. uncinata, Mast. Gard. Chron. 1884, xxii. 208, f . 42. 
Pyrenees. 

P. sanguinea, Lapeyr. 

P. uncinata, Ram. 

*P. Montezumae, Lamb. var. lindleyana ; Gard. Chron. 
1894, xv. 273, ff. 29-32 ; 1899, xxv. 147, f. 53. 
Mexico. 

P. lindleyana, Gord. Journ. Hort. Soc. 1850, v. 215. 

P. muricata, D. Don. ; Gard. Chron. 1884, xxi. 49, ff. 7-9 ; 
Sargent Silva xi. tt. 585-6. California. 

P. edgariana, Hartw. 

P. radiata, Hort. (not D. Don). 

P. palustris, Mill. Sargent Silva xi. tt. 589-90. South 
United States. " True Pitch Pine." 

P. australis, Michx. 

P. parryana, Engelm. South California. 

P. quadrifolia, Sudw. ex Sargent Silva xi. 43, t. 549. 



121 

Pinus Pinaster, Soland. ; Sowerby Engl. Bot. ed. 3, viii. 
t. 1381. Mediterranean region. " Cluster Pine." 

P. helenica, Loud. 
P. Laricio, Santi. 
P. Latteri, Madden. 
P. maritima, Poir. 
P. nepalensis, Royle*. 
P. sylvestris var. L. 

Var. Hamiltoni, Lindl. & Gord. 
P. Hamiltoni, Tenore. 

P. Pinea, L. ; Laguna Fl. Forest. Esp. tt. 4, 5 ; Gard. Chron. 
1888, iv. 604, ff. 84-5. Mediterranean region. 
" The Stone or Umbrella Pine." 

P. ponderosa, Dougl. ; Gard. Chron. 1890, viii. 557, ff. 110- 
115 ; Sargent Silva xi. t. 560-5. British Columbia 
to Texas. 

A very variable species : the following names represent 
some of the more prominent forms or varieties : — 

P. Beardsleyi, A. Murr. 

P. benthamiana, Hartiv. 

P. brachyptera, Engelm. 

P. craigiana, A. Murr. 

P. Engelmanni, Torr. 

P. parryana, Gord. (not Engelm.). 

Var. pendula, Sargent. 

Var. scopulorum, Engelm. 

P. pungens, Michx. ; Beissner Handbuch 214, f. 56 ; Sargent 
Silva xi. t*. 584. East Central United States. 



123 

Pinus pyrenaica, Lapeyr. ; Gard. Chron. 1888, iv. 267, f. 32. 
South Europe, Levant. " The Calabrian Pine." 

P. Brutia, Tenore. 

P. loiseleuriana, Carr. 

P. parol iniana, Webb. 

P. resinosa, Soland. ; Forbes Pinet. Woburn. t. 6. North- 
Eastern America. " Canadian Red Pine." 

P. rubra, Michx. 

P. rigida, Mill. ; Beissner Handbuch 268, f. 64 ; Sargent 
Silva xi. t. 579. Eastern United States. 

P. Loddigesii, Loud. 

P. sabiniana, Dougl. ; Sargent Silva xi. tt. 569-70 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1888, iv. 44, f. 4. Tree at Kew, 1889, v. 45, 
f. 6. California. "Nut Pine." 

P. serotina, Michx. Sargent Silva xi. t. 580. North 
Carolina to Florida. 

P. Taeda var. alopecuroidea, Loud. 

P. rigida var. serotina, Loud. 

P. sylvestris, L. ; Sowerby Engl. Bot. ed. 3, viii. t. 1380 ; 
Beissner Handbuch 227, f. 58. Northern Europe, 
Asia. Scotch Pine. 

P. haguenensis, Loud. 

P. rigensis, Desf. 

P. rubra, Mill. 

P. sylvestris var. genuina, Heer. 

Var. altaica. 

Var. argentea, Steven. 

Var. aurea. 

Var. beucoriensis. 

Var. fastigiata, Carr. 



125 



Pinus Bylvestris — cont. 
Var. globosa. 
Var. nana. 
Var. pumila. 
Var. uralensis. 
Var. variegata. 

P. Taeda, L. ; Sarerent Silva xi. tt. 577-8. South-eastern 
United States. " Torch or Loblolly Pine." 

P. Thunbergii, Pari. Japan. 

P. massoniana, Sieb. &• Zucc. (not Lamb.) ; Fl. Jap. ii. 
tt. 113, 114. 

P. Pinaster, Loud, (in part). 

P. rubra, Sieb. 

P. sylvestris, Thunb. (not L.). 
Var. aurea. 
Var. variegata. 

*P. torreyana, Torr. ; Sargent Silva xi. tt. 557-8. Southern 
California. " Soledad Pine." 

P. lophosperma, Lindl. 

P.^tuberculata, Gord. (not D. Don) ; Gard. Chron. 1885, 
xxiv. 786, f. 184. Oregon. 

P. attenuata, Lemmon ; Sargent Silva xi. tt. 575-6. 

P. californica, Hartw. (not Loisel.). 



tt Strobus. 

P. Armandi, Franch. Nouv. Arch. du. Mus. Ser. 2, vii. 
t. 12. Gard. Chron. 1903, xxxiii. 66, 67, ff. 30, 31. 
China. 



127 

Pinus Ayacahuite, Ehrenb. ; Gard. Chron. 1882, xviii. 492, 
f. 83. Mexico. " Hickory Pine." 

P. Buonapartea, Roezl. 

P. Colorado, Roezl. 

P. Don Pedri, Roezl. 

P. durangensis, Roezl. 

P. hamata, Roezl. 

P. loudoniana, Gord. 

P. Popocatepetlii, Roezl. 

P. Veitchii, Roezl. 

P. Cembra, L. ; Gard. Chron. 1872, 397 ; Beissner Handbuch 
276, f. 65 ; Hempel Baume t. 8. Mountains of 
Central Europe ; Siberia. " The Stone Pine." 

Tar. aurea. 

Var. pumila, Pall. Flora Rossica 5, t. 2. 

Var. sibirica. 

P. excelsa, Wall. ; Gard. Chron. 1883, xix. 249, f. 35 ; 
Mouillefert Arbres t. 28 ter. Temperate Himalaya. 
" The Bhotan Pine." 

Var. zebrina. 

P. flexilis, James ; Gard. Chron, 1875, iv. 356, f. 75 ; 
Sargent Silva xi. tt. 516-7. Eastern Rocky Moun- 
tains to Texas, &c. 

P. koraiensis, Sieb. & Zucc. ; Beissner Handbuch 281, f. 68, 
Veitch Manual 178, f. 40 ; ed. 2, 335, f . 94 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1903, xxxiii. 34, 35, ff. 18, 19. Korea, Japan. 

P. mandshurica, Rupr. 

Var. variegata. 

P. lambertiana, Dougl. \ Gard. Chron. 1885, xxiii. 11, 
1887, i. 769, f. 144 ; Sargent Silva xi. tt. 542-3. 
California, Oregon. "The Sugar Pine." 



129 

Pinus monticola, Dougl. ; Sargent Silva xi. tt. 540-1 ; 
Veitch Manual 181, f. 41 ; ed. 2, 349, f. 95. Van- 
couver's Island, California. 

P. parvifiora, Sieb. & Zucc. Fl. Jap. ii. t. 115 ; Gard. 
Chron. 1878, x 624, f. 103. Japan. 

P. Peuke, Griseb. ; Gard. Chron. 1883, xix. 244, ff. 33, 34. 
Macedonia. 

P. excelsa, Hook, (not Wall.). 

P. excelsa var. Peuke, Beissner. 

P. Strobus, L. ; Beissner Hand ouch 290, f. 72 ; Sargent 
Silva xi. tt. 538-9. Canada, North-Eastern America. 
" The Weymouth Pine." 

Var. compacta. 

Var. densa. 

Var. fastigiata. 

Var. nana. 

P. Strobus var. pygmaea, Hort. 

Var. nivea. 

Var. prostrata. 



13G14 E 



131 



INDEX 



TO 



GENERA, TRIBES, SUB-TRIBES, SPECIES, 
AND SYNONYMS. 



Note. — The typography is the same as in the list, that 
is, the names adopted at Kew are printed in thick, those 
which are regarded as synonymous in ordinary, type. 
The abbreviation in italics after each n'ame indicates the 
author who first published it. As this indication is only 
of interest to anyone who wishes to trace the original 
description, it is, for the sake of simplicity, omitted on 
the permanent labels attached to the trees and shrubs 
in the living collections. One abbreviation needs a word 
of explanation : Hort. (= Hortorum) is attached to names 
which are current in gardens. They have no recognised 
authority, are usually of uncertain origin, or at the best 
have only been published in nurserymen's catalogues 
without distinctive characters by which the plants can 
be recognised ; they are only cited for purposes of 
convenience. 



Abies aciculavis, Hurt., 75. 
ajanensis, Kent, 87. 
alba, Chapm., 83. 
alba, Mirhx., 75. 
alba, Mill., 103. 
alba, Ton:, 77. 
alba var. caerulea, Carr., 
albertiana, A. Marr., 71. 
alcockiana, Hurt., 77, 87. 



75. 



Abies aloookiana, Yeitch, 75. 
amabilis, Forbes, 95. 
amabilis, A. Mttrr., 99. 
americana, C. Koch, 83. 
ainericana, Marsh., 71. 
Apollinia, Link, 97. 
Araragi, Loud., 73. 
arctica, Hort., 83. 
arctica, Seem., 75. 



13614 



E 2 



132 



Abies arizonica var. argentea, 
Hurt., 101. 
atlantica, Lindl. fy Gord., 89. 

balsamea, *«B.i 97. 

balsamifera, Michx., 97. 
bicolor, Maxim., 11. 
bifida, Sieb. $ Zucc, 99. 
bifolia, A. Murr., 101. 
brachyphylla, Maxim., 97. 
bracbypbylla, Mayr, 101. 

bracteata, AW*., 97. 
Bridgesii, Kellogg, 71. 

brunoniana, Lindl., 69. 
caerulea, Forbes, lb. 
campylocarpa, .4. Murr., 103. 
canadensis, Michx., 71. 
canadensis, Jl/f'ZZ., 75. 
caroliniana, Chapm., 71. 
Cedrus, Poir., 91. 

cephalonica, Loud., 97. 

chiloensis, Hort., 107. 
cbilrowen9is, Hurt., 107. 
Cilicica, #m\, 99. 
COllCOlor, Lindl. of Gord., 99. 
concolor, Sargent (in part), 
. 101. 

concolor var. violacea, 99. 
curvifolia, Salisb., 71. 
denticulata, Michx., 83. 
Deodara, Lindl., 89. 
Douglasii, Lindl., 107. 
Douglasii var. macrocarpa, 

Ibr?-., 109. 
dumosa, Loud., 69. 
Eichleri, Lauche, 105. 
Engelmanni, 7/yrf., 85. 
Engelmauni. Parry, 11. 
excelsa, DC, 77. 
excelsa, Salisb., 105. 
excelsa var. acicularis, Hort., 
75. 

firma, Sie&. 4' fc., 99. 



Abies Fortunei, A. Murr., 95. 

Fraseri, Lindl., 99. 

Glehni, F. Schmidt, 81. 
gordoniana, Can:, 101. 
grandis, ^4. Murr., 95. 
grandis, Engelm. (in part), 
101. 

grandis, Ziw^., 99. 

grandis var. densiflora, 

Engelm., 95. 
grandis var. lowiana, Mast., 

101. 
griffitbiana, Lindl. c f Gord., 

93. 
holophylla, Maxim., 99. 

homolepis, SfeJ. # ^c<?. ; 101. 

hookeriana, A. Murr., 73. 
bumilis, La Pilaye, 99. 
jezoensis, Lindl., 95. 
Kaempferi, Lindl., 93. 
Kbutrow, Loud., 81. 
Larix, Lam., 91. 
lasiocarpa, Beissn., 101. 

lasiocarpa, i7o«&. (not 

//«?■#.), 101. 
laxa, C Koch, 75. 
leptolepis, <&>&. $ Zucc, 93. 
lowiana, -A. Murr., 101. 
macrocarpa, Vasey, 109. 
magnifica, ^. Jfiwr., 103. 

magnifica, Engelm. (in part), 

103. 
magnifica var. shastensis, 

Lemmon, 103. 
Mariana, Mill., 83. 
Mariesii, Jfiut., 103. 

marylandica, Hort., 83. 
Maximowiczii, Hort., 81. 
Menziesii, Engelm., 85. 
Menziesii, Loud., 87. 
mertensiana, Lindl. & Gord., 
71. 



133 



Abies microcarpa, Lindl. $ Gord., 
93. 
mucronata, Rafin., 107. 
nephrolepis, Maxim., 105. 
nigra, Engelm., 77. 
nisrra, Poir., 83. 
nigra var. rubra, Mieli.r., 85. 
nobilis, Lindl., 103. 
nobilis var. robusta, Mast., 

103. 
nordmanniana, Spach, 103. 
numidica, De Lannoy, 103. 
obovafca, Loud.. 83. 
orientalis, Poir., 83. 
panachaica, Heldr., 97. 
Parla'torei, Hurt.. 85. 
parsonsiana, Wort., 101. 
pattoniana, Jeffrey, 73. 
pattoniana, McNab, 73. 
pectinata, PC, 103. 

pendula, Lindl. $ Gord., 93. 
Picea, Lindl., 105. 
Picea, ifcRZZ., 77. 
Pichta, JbrJe*, 105. 
Pinsapo, Botes., 105. 

Pinsapo var. baborensis, 

Cosson, 103. 
polita, 6'/e&. cj - Zucc, 85. 
Reginae-Amaliae, Heldr., 97. 
rubra, Bau/iin, 77. 
rubra, Ptf<>., 85. 
rubra var. arctica, Lindl. $,• 

Gord., 85. 
rubra var. caerulea, Loud. 75. 

sachalinensis, ii/«^., 105. 

sacra, Franchet, 95. 
scbrenkiana, Lindl. $' Gord., 

sbastensis, Lenimon, 103. 

sibirica, P«JeJ., ior>. 
sitobensis, C. Aoc/i, 87. 
sitcbensis, Lindl. $ Gord., 87. 



Abies smithiana, Forbes, 81. 
subalpina, Engelm., 101. 
subalpina var. fallax, Engelm., 

101. 
taxifolia, Bcxf., 105. 
taxifolia, Poir., 107. 
Torano, S'iei., 85. 
tscbouoskiana, LTort., 101. 
Tschugatskoi, Gord., 99. 
Tsuga, iS'(W>. 4* -2mcc, 73. 
umbilicata, Sort., 97. 
Veitchii, Po/v 1 ., 97. 

Veitchii, Lindl., 105. 

Veitchii var. sachalinensis, 

Schmidt, 105. 
venusta, ft Koch, 97. 
vulgaris, Poir., 105. 

webbiana, £i«^., 107. 

Williamsoni, JVewi., 73. 
wittmanniana, Tlort., 83. 
Abietia Douglasii, Ae«£, 107. 
Fortunei, A'twi. 95. 

Abietineae, 69. 
Actinostrobus pyramidalis, 

Miq., 31. 

Agathis australis, Salisb., 67. 
loranthifolia, Salisb., 67. 
Moorei, 2Ko*£., or. 
obtusa, ii/iw*., 67. 
robusta, il/iwtf., 67. 
vitiensis, -3/a**., 67. 

Araucaria Balansae, Brongn. 

<§' (rris., 67. 
Bidwillii, Hook., 67. 

brasiliana, Rich., 67. 
brasiliensis, Loud., 67. 
columnaris, Hook., 67. 
Cookii, P- Pa, 67. 
Cunninghamii, Aft., 67. 
elegans, Hort., 67. 
excelsa, P. Pr., 69. 



134 



Araucaria glauca, Antoine, 69. 
goldieana, T. Moore, 69. 

imbricata, -P«i'.> 69- 
• Muelleri, Sort., 69. 
Niepratschki, Hurt., 69. 
Rulei, F. Muell., 69. 

Araucarineae, 65. 
Arceuthos, 29. 

drupacea, Antoine, 29. 

Athrotaxis cupressoides, D. 

Don., 63. 
doniana, Ilort., 63. 
gunniana, Ilort., 63. 

laxifolia, Ifooft., 63. 
selaginoides, D. Don., 63. 

Belis jaculiflora, Salisb., 65. 

Biota, 53. 

elegantissiraa, Ilort., 57. 
intermedia, Ilort., 57. 
japonica, <S7e&., 55. 
meldensis, Gord., 59. 
orieutalis, Endl., 53. 
orientalis var. argentea, 

<3tor&, 53. 
orientalis aurea nana, Hort., 

55. 
orientalis var. decussata, 

Beiss7i. 3? Hochst., 55. 
orientalis densa glauca, 

Hort., 57. 
orientalis var. expansa, Endl., 

59. 
orientalis var. intermedia. 

Carr., 57. 
orientalis minima glauca, 

Hort., 59. 
orientalis var. nana, Carr., 

55. 
orientalis var. pendula, Pari., 

59. 



Biota orientalis semperaurea, 

Ilort., 61. 
orientalis var. Sieboldi, jEWZ., 

55. 
orientalis var. tatarica, Endl. , 

59. 
orientalis var. variegata, 

Endl., 55. 
orientalis var. variegata, 

Gord., 55. 
pendula, Endl., 57, 59. 
pendula var. recurvata, Gord., 

59. 
tatarica, Lindl., 5£, 
zuccariniana, Sicb., 55. 

Callitrinae, 29. 

Callitris australis, Sweet., 29. 
calcarata, J>. Br., 29. 
cupressoides, Schrad., 29. 
Parlatorei, F. Muell, 29. 

quadrivalvis, Rich., 29. 

rhomboidea, #. ^''., 29. 
robusta, R- Br., 29. 

verrucosa, JR.. Er., 29. 

Csdrus africana, Gord., 89. 
atlailtica, Manetti, 89. 
Deodara, iowrf., 89. 

indica, Chambr., 89. 

Libani, ioKf/., 91. 

libani var. Deodora, Hook., 

89. 
patula, C. Koch, 91. 

Cephalotaxus Buergeri, Mlq., 3. 

drupacea, Si«&. ,$• Zucc., i. 
Fortuni, ^o^., l. 
Oliveri, Mast., l. 
pedunculata, Si>&. 4' Zucc, 

Chamaecyparis Boursieri, Carr., 
37. 



135 



Chamaecyparis Boursieri, Decne, 

19. 
decussata, Ilort.. 55. 
lawsoniana, Pari., 37. 
nutkaensis, Spach., 41. 
obtusa, Sieb. if Zucc, 43. 
obtusa var. pyginaea, Ilort., 

43. 
pisifera, 6'iei. <$• Zucc, 45. 
sphaeroidea, Spach., 45. 
thyoides var. andeleyensis, 

Cam, 47. 

Cryptomeria Fortunei, tftfo $ 

Dietr., 65. 

japonica, ^ -#<>«•, 65. 

Veitchii, Ilort., 65. 

Cunninghamia sinensis, -ft- 

i// 1 ., 65. 

Cupressineae, 15. 

CupreSSUS anibigua, .Efort., 35. 
amoena, C. Koch, 33. 
Arbor-vitae, Targ. Toxz., 47. 
arizonica, Greene, 31. 
aromatica, Gord., 31. 
australis, Low., 35. 
bedfordiana, Ilort., 35. 

Benthami, -EMJ-,31. 

braziliensis, Ilort., 31. 
californica, Carr., 33. 
conoidea, Spad., 35. 
corneyana, Gord., 35. 
Coulteri, Forbes, 31. 
disticha, Z., 65. 
doniana, Ilort., 35. 
Ehrenbergii, Kunze, 31. 
elegans, Ilort., 31. 
excelsa, Scott, 31. 
fastigiata, J9C, 35. 
filiformis, Ilort., 59. 

funebris, -ff/«M., 33. 



CupreSSUS glandulosa, ZZiwA., 
33. 
glauca, Lam., 33. 

goveniana, AWd., 33. 

goveniana, Sargent, 33. 
goveniana var. pygmaea, 

Lemmon, 33. 
guadeloupensis, 5. 11'ata., 33. 
Hartwegii, Carr., 33. 
horizontal is, Mill., 35. 
Hugeli, flbrt., 31. 
japonica, Z., 65. 
karwinskyana, JRegel., 31. 
kashmiriana, Ilort., 33. 
lambertiana, Gord., 33. 

lawsoniana, 4. iK"w»".j 37. 

lusitanica, Carr., 31. 

lusitanica, JfiW-i 33. 
macnabiana, ^- -Zlftwr., 33. 
macrocarpa, Hartw., 33. 
nootkatensis, £<»»&., 41. 
obtusa, C ZbcA, 43, 

patula, Pers., 59. 
patula, Spad., 35. 
pendula, -4&eZ., 33. 
pendula, L'Herit, 33. 
pendula, Thumb., 59. 
pendulata, Ilort., 59. 

pisifera, C- -Kb«*» 4 5. 

pygmaea, Sargent, 33. 
pyramidalis, Ta/y. 2(>zz., 35. 
Roylei, Carr., 35. 

sempervirens, •£•, 35. 

eempervirens var. hori- 
zontal, Gord., 35. 
Skinneri, Ilort., 31. 
thurifera, Schlecht, 31. 
Thuya, Zh?y. Ztow., 53. 

thyoides, -£-, ±5. 
torulosa, -#. £"<>»., 35. 

Tournefortii, Audlb., 35. 
Tournefortii, Teiwre, 35. 



136 



CupresSUS uhdeana, Gord., 33. 
uhdeana, I/ort., 31. 
whitleyana, Hort., 35. 

Dacrydium araucaroides, 

Brongn. $ Gris., 9. 

cupressinum, Soiand., 9. 
elatum, Wall., 9. 
Franklini, Book., 9. 

Pancheri, Brongn. % Gris., 11. 
Dammara australis, Lamb., 67. 
Moorii, Luidl., 67. 
obtusa, Lindl., 67. 
robusta, C. Moore, 67. 
vitiensis, Seem., 67. 

Diselma Archeri, Hook., 31. 

Eucupressus, 31. 

Eupicea, 73. 

Euthuya, 47. 

Fitzroya Archeri, Bentk. $ 

Hook., 31. 

patagonica, fliwk, 31. 

Frenela australis, .ft. Br., 29. 
Endlicheri, ParZ., 29. 
Fontanesii, Mirbel, 29. 
glauca, Hort., 55. 
Parlatorei, P. JfcftteZZ., 29. 
rhomboidea, Endl., 29. 
robusta, J.. Cunn, 29. 

Ginkgo biloba, •£., 1- 
Glyptostrobus heterophyllus, 

Endl., 63. 
pendulus, Endl., 65. 

Hesperopeukepattoniana,ie/?j»io«, 

73. 
Heyderia decurrens, C. Koch, 61. 

Juniperinae, i»- 



Juniperus alpina, S. F. Gray, 25. 
bacciformis, Carr., 19. 

barbadensis, £•, 15. 

bedfordiana, Hort., 23. 

bermudiana, -£■, 15. 

bermudiana, Lunan, 15. 
biebersteiniana, C. Koch, 27. 
bonatiana, Fw., 23. 
Cabiancae,Fi*., 15. 

californica, Carr., 15. 

californica var. utahensis, 

Engelm., 23. 
canadensis, Lodd., 26. 
canadensis aurea, Hort., 15, 25. 
Cedrus, Webb., 25. 
chinensis, L., 15. 

cbinensis var. Smithii, Loud., 

21. 
cinerea, ftm\, 23. 
communis, L., 25. 

communis var. caucasica, 27. 
conferta, Pari., 27. 
dealbata, Hort. aliq., 19. 
densa, Gord., io, 19. 

drupacea, Labm., 29. 
excelsa, #«*•! 17 - 

excelsa, Brand is, 17. 
excelsa, Pursh., 21. 
excelsa, Willd., 21. 
excelsa var. nana, Endl., 19. 

flaccida, Schiccht, n. 

flagelli.formis, fliwtf., 17. 

foetida var. thurifera, Spach., 

23. 
Fortunei, Tan Iloutte, 21. 
fragrans, Hort., 15. 
glauca, Hort., 55. 
gossainthaneana, Lodd., 23. 
gracilis. Hort., 23. 
hernispnaerica, Presl., 27. 

henryana, -R. -#''• Campst., 

27. 



137 



Juniperus bibernica, Gord., 25. 
hispanica, Booth, ex Eiidl., 25. 
bispanica, Lam., 23. 
hudsonica, Lodd., 21. 
jakobiana, Jlort. Jakob- 

Makoy, 17. 
japonica, Carr., 17. 
japonica var. aurea, Sort., 17. 
HtOralis, Maxim., 27. 
Lycia, i., 19. 
Lycia, Pall., 21. 

macrocarpa, StWA., 27. 
macropoda, 5«m., 17. 
mexicana, SoMede, 17. 
nana, Wffld., 25. 
nana var. hemisphaerica, 

Cam, 27. 
neaboriensis, llort., 27. 
oblonga, Bieb., 27. 
oblonga, Gord., 27. 
oblonga pendula, Hort., 27. 

occidentalis, S>oA., 19. 

occidentalis, Portei; 21. 
occidentalis, H'm/sow, 23. 
occidentalis var. utahensis, 

Aew£, 23. 
oophora, Kunze, 19. 

Oxycedrus, £., 27. 

Oxycedrus, i. Herb, nee 
S/>. PJ., 27. 

pachyphlaea, Torr., 19. 
phoenicea, £•, 19. 

phoenicea, Pallas, 17, 
prostrata, Pers., 21. 

pseudo-Sabina, P<'.v<7<. ,<• 

Mey., 19. 
pyriformis, Litull., 19. 
recurva, Buch.-H.am., 19. 
reevesiana, Hort., 17. 
religiosa, Boyle, 19. 
repens, iV«W, 21. 
rigida, 5/eJ. <J* itocc, 27. 



Juniperus rufescens, £t»fc, 27. 
rufescens, Jlort. Julinb., 29. 

Sabina, L., 21. 

sabinoides, Endl., 23. 
sabinoides, Sargent, 21. 
scopulorum, Sargent, 21. 
Shephardi, Hort., 21. 
Sbeppardi, Hort., 21. 

sphaerica, £i»dZ., 21. 

sphaerocarpa, Antoine, 27. 
squamata, Buch.-Ham., 19. 
squamata, .Hiorfc Edinb., 17. 
struthiacea, Knight % Perry, 

17. 
suecica, J1/7M., 25. 
taxifolia, -Six*. <£ 4m., 27. 
tenella, Antoine, 27. 
tetragona, Moench., 19. 

tetragona, SchlecJd, 21. 

Thunbergii, Hook. $ Am., 17. 

thurifera, -£■, 23. 

unibilicata, 6" mi. 4" Godr., 27. 
utahensis, Lemmon, 23. 
virginiana, £•, 23. 

virginiana (in part), 15. 
virginiana, Torrey, 21. 
virginiana var. australis,.EWZ., 

15. 
virginiana var. barbadensis, 

Gordon, 15. 
virginiana var. bermudiana, 

I'«.yry, 15. 
virginiana gossaictbaneana, 

«",/rr., 23. 
virginiana var. niontana, 

Vaney, 21. 
virginiana viridis, Hort., 25. 
Willkomniii, Antoine, 27. 

Keteleeria davidiana, Franoh. 
95. 
Fortunei, Cam, 95. 
sacra, -Bei**, 95. 



138 



Lariceae, 89. 

Laricopsis Kaempferi, Kent, 95. 

Larix, americana, Michx., 93. 
americana var. rubra, Loud., 
93. 

archangelica. Hort., 91. 
Cedrus, Mill., 91. 
dahurica, Turcz., 91. 

davurica, Trautv., 91. 
decidua, J//7Z., 91. 
Deodara, 61 ZiraA, 89. 

europaea, 2?c., 91. 

excelsa, Z/«Z;, 91. 

Griffithii, fliwife., 93. 

japonica, Carr., 93. 
Kaempferi, Carr., 95. 

leptolepis, £&«#., 93. 

microcarpa, Forbes, 93. 

occiden talis, ■#»#, 93, 
patula, Salisb., 91. 

pendllla, Salisb., 93. 
pyramidalis, <SkZw5., 91. 
sibirica, Lrdeb., 91, 
vulgaris, tf&cA., 91. 

Libocedrus chilensis, ^toW.. 

61. 

decurrens, 2brr., 61. 

doniana, .ewz., 61. 

macrolepis, -Be^A. ^ SiwA., 
61. 

Macrotbuya, 61. 

Microcachrys tetragona, 
Hook., 13. 

Omorica, 87. 
Oxycedrus, 25. 
Pbyllocladus rbomboidalis, 

Rich., 3. 



Piceae, 69 

Picea ajanensis, Fisch., 87. 

ajanensis var. japonica, 87. 
alba, Link, 73. 
alcockiana (in part), 77. 

alcockiana, Carr., 75. 

amabilis, Gord., 101. 
amabilis, Loud., 95. 
annesleyana, Hort., 85. 
balsamea, io M( 7., 97. 
bicolor, Mayr, 77. 
brachyphylla, £,w/., 97. 
bracteata, Loud.. 97. 

breweriana, 8. Wats., 77. 

caerulea, Z/«#, 75. 
canadensis, B. S. $ P., 73. 
canadensis. Link, 71. 
cephalonica, Loud., 97. 
commutata, /for*, alia., 85. 
concolor, X Murr., 99. 
concolor var. violacea, iZoe-Z 
■ 99. 

Douglasii, Link, 107. 
Eng-elmanni, Engelm., 77. 

Engelinanni, Zfort., 85. 

ericoides, Hort., n. 
excelsa, Link, 77. 

Fortunei, A. Murr., 95. 
Fraseri, Loud., 99. 
Grlehni, Mast., 81. 
grandis, .EotwJ., 101. 

bondoensis, J/«y/-, 87. 

jezoensis, Maxim., 87. 
lasiocarpa, Balfour, 99. 
lowiana, 6Wd., 101. 
magnifica, 6'o?-d., 103. 
mariana, B. S. Sf P., 81. 

Maximowiczii, i%<?z., 81. 

Menziesii, Carr., 87. 
Menziesii, Sort., 85. 
Menziesii, Pari., 87. 



139 



Picea Morinda, Link, 81. 
nigra, Link, 81. 
nigra var. glauca, Carr., 75. 
nigra var. rubra, Engelm., 85. 
nobilis, Loud., 103. 
nordnianniana, Loud., 103. 
nurnidioa, R. Smith, 103. 
Obovata, Ledeb., 83. 

Omorica, -Va**., 87. 
orientalis, Cw^-j 83. 
parryana, Sargent, 85. 
parryana glauca, Hort., 85. 
pectinata, Loud., 105. 
Pichta, Loud., 105. 
Pindrow, Loud., 107. 
pinnosa, Llort., 97. 
polita, Car;*., 85. 
pungens, Engelm., 85. 
pungens argentea, LLort., 85. 
rubens, Sargent, 85. 

rubra, •£»«&, 8ft. 
Sargentii, flbrt., 85. 
schrenkiana, Fisclv. cf Hey., 

83. 
sitchensis, ZVawfo. «$■ Jl/ey., 

87. 
sitkaensis, Mayr, 87. 
smithiana, Boiss., 81. 
Veitchii, .Hi?r£. (in part), 97. 
Veitchii, ZJTori., 105. 
vulgaris. Z/«&, 77. 
webbiana, Loud., 107. 

Pinaster, 109. 
Pinea, 109. 

PinilS Abies, Duroi, 105. 
Abies, L., 77. 
Abies, Pari., 103. 
Abies var. cephalonica, Pari., 

97. 
abschasica, Fiseh., 113. 



Pinus ftlbftj Lamb., 75. 

albicaulis, Engelm., 109. 
alcockiana, Pari., 75. 
amabilis, Dougl., 95. 
amabilis, Pari, (in part), 101, 

103. 
americana, Duroi, 71. 
americana, Gaertn., 85. 
americana var. rubra, FPan- 

#e«/t, 87. 
Araragi, 5ieZ>., 73. 
aristata, Engelm., 109. 

Armandi, Frcmch., 125. 
attenuata, Lem/mon, 125. 
australis, Michx., 119. 
austriaca, IIoe.su., 115. 

Ayacahuite, Mreiib., 127. 

baharnensis, Griseb., 111. 

balfouriana, ^- -Marr., 

109. 
balsamea, Z., 97. 
banksiana, Zam&., 109. 

Beardsleyi, .4. Murr., 121. 
benthamiana, Llartw., 121. 
Bolanderi, L J arl., 111. 
Boursieri, Carr., 111. 
brachyphylla, Pari., 97. 
brachyptera, Engelm., 121. 
bracteata, Z>. jDotc., 97. 
brunoniana, FPaZZ., 69. 
Brutia, Teuore, 123. 

bungeana, ^wce., 109. 

Buonapartea, Poezl., 127. 

calabrica, Delamarre, 115. 

californica, Llartw. (not 

Loisel.}, 125. 
canadensis, Bong., 73. 

canadensis, Duroi, 75. 

canadensis, Z., 71. 

canariensis, C #«<., 109. 

caramanica, Bosc, 115. 
Cedrus, Z., 91. 



140 



Pinus Cedrus var. atlantica, 
Pari., 89. 

Cembra, !>., 127. 

cembroides, Gord. (not Zucc.'), 

111. 
cembroides, Newb. (not Zucc.'), 

109. 

cembroides, z%ee^ 109. 

cilicica, Pari., 99. 
Colorado, Boezl., 127. 

commutata, Pad., 77. 
ooncolor, Pari., 99. 

contorta, -D^z., ill. 

contorta var. latifolia, Hurt., 
111. 

Coulteri, D. 2fc»»., 111. 

craigiana, A Murr., 121. 
CubensiS, Griseb., 111. 
dalmatica, Pw., 115. 
densiflora, SieJ. ^- Zucc., ill. 
deodara, Roxb., 89. 
divaricata, D» Mont., 109. 
Don Pedri, J?oe.-Z., 127. 
Douglasii. Sabine, 107. 
dumosa, Z>. ZW., 69. 
durangensis, Roezl., 127. 
echinata, JfcfiZZ., 117. 
edgariana, Hartio., 119. 
edulis, Engelm., 111. 
Elliottii, Engelm., 111. 
Engelmanni, Engelm., 77, 
Engelmanni, TJ'rr., 121. 
excelsa, Hook. (notlla7Z.),129. 
excelsa, Lam., 77. 

excelsa, JPoK., 127. 

excelsa var. Peuke, Bern., 

129. 
excorticata, Lindl. $ Gord., 

109. 
Fenzlii. Antoine, 115. 

filifolia, £««rfZ., 113. 

firma, Antoine, 99. 



PillUS flexilis, J.. Murr. (in part), 
109. 

flexilis, «7a»ie*, 127. 

flexilis var.albicaulis,2?wgreZm., 

109. 
Fortunei, Pari., 95. 
Fraseri, ParZ., 99. 
fremontiana, Endl., 117. 

gerardiana, WoW., 113. 

glauca, Moenck., 75. 
grandis, Dougl., 101. 
grandis, Lamb., 95. 
Griffithii, ParZ., 93. 
haguenensis, Loud., 123. 
halepensis, i?i£&. (not il/iZZ.), 
115. 

halepensis, #*#., H3. 

hamata, Roezl., 127. 
Haniiltoni, Tenore, 121. 
harryana, McNab, 101. 
helenica, Loud., 121. 
heterophylla, Sudworth, 111. 
hierosolymitana,Z'M/<aweZ,113. 
hudsonica, Po/r., 109. 
inops, Bong., 111. 
inops, Soland., 113. • 

insignis, -Dow^., 113. 
Jeffreyi, A Jftw?., lis. 

Kaempferi, Lamb., 95. 
karamana, Mad., 115. 
Khutrow, Boyle, 81. 
koraiensis, Si«&. 4* <&««»., 

127. 

lambertiana, 2)oa^Z., 127. 

lanceolata, Lamb., 65. 
laricina, Duroi, 93. 

Laricio, £Wr., 113. 

Laricio, Santi, 121. 

Laricio var. angustisquama, 

TH///.'., 117. 
Laricio var. austriaca, Endl., 

115. 



141 



Pinus Laricio cebennensis, Gren. 

S- Godr., 117. 
Laricio var. latisquarua ) 

WUlJt. t 118. 
Laricio var. leptophylla, 

Christ, 117. 
Laricio var. poiretiana, An- 

toine, 11"). 
Laricio var. stricta, Carr., 

115. 
Larix, L., 91. 
Latteri, Madden, 121. 
laxa, Ehrh., 75. 
leptolepis, Endl., 93. 
leucoderniis, Antoine, 115. 
lindleyana, Gord., 119. 
llaveana, Schiede Jf' Deppe, 

109. 
Loddigesii, Loud., 123. 
loiseleuriana, Carr., 123. 
longifolia, #<«;&., 117. 
lophosperma, Lindl., 125. 
loudoniana, Gord., 127. 
macintoshiana, Lawson, 111. 
macrocarpa, Lindl., 111. 
magellensis, Guss., 115. 
mandshurica, Biipr., 127. 
Mariana, JDitroi, 83. 
maritima, yliY., 115. 
maritima, {". Koch, 115. 
maritima, Lamb., 113. 
maritima, Pall., 115. 
maritima, Pot; 1 ., 121. 
massoniana, Ilort., 111. 

massoniana, -£«?«&., 117. 

massoniana, «S7eZ>. 4' Zucc, 

125. 
Menziesii, Dougl., 87. 
mertensiana, Bong., 73. 
microcarpa, Lamb., 93. 
mitis, Michz., ill. 
monophylla, 21»t., in. 



Pinus montana, P">w, 119. 
Montezumae, Eami., 119. 
monticola, -D««<7^-, 129. 

Mughus, Sctfp., 1 19. 
Mughua, UW</., 119. 
Mughus var. Pumilio, JJ«A- 
lenb., 119. 

muricata, #• ^"»-, H9. 

murrayana, Limmon, 111. 
neglecta, Ilort., 115. 
nepalensis, Boyle, 121. 
nigra, vl/Y., 83. 
nigra, Z<«&, 115. 
nigricans, Iloess., 115. 
nobilis, Dougl., 103. 
Nuttallii, iWZ., 93. 
Omorica, Pane, 87. 
orientalis, i., 83. 
osteosperma, Engelm., 109. 
pallasiana, Lamb., 115. 

palustris, AfiW., 119. 

paroliniana, Webb., 123. 

parry ana, Engelm., 119. 

parryana, <%?•</. (not Engelm.'), 
121. 

parviflora, SieJ. # ^"^ 129 - 

pattoniana, Pari., 73. 
pectinata, Lam., 105. 
pendula, .4i£., 93. 
persica, Ilort., 113. 

Peuke, <W«i, 129. 

Picea, Z., 105. 

Pinaster, Bess, (not Soland.), 

115. 
Pinaster, Loud., 125. 

Pinaster, fiWaad., 121. 

pindica, Formaneh, 117. 
Pindrow, .Royfe, 107. 
Pinea, Hahl., 115. 

Pinea, £•, 121. 

Pinsapo, PatZ. (not Boiss.), 
103. 



142 



PinuS Pithyusa, Strangw., 113. 

ponderosa, Ihugl., 121. 

Popocatepetlii, Rorzl., 127. 
Pumilio, Haerilte, 119. 
pungens, Mehx., 121. 
pyrenaica, Lapeyr. (in part), 
117. 

pyrenaica, Lapeyr., 123. 

quadrifolia, Sudw., 119. 
radiata, 2). Dow., 113. 
radiata, i/o/^. (not Z>. Don.), 

119. 
resinosa, Soland., 123. 

ri^ensis, Dps/., 123. 

rigida, ifl«., 123. 

rigida var. serotina, Loud., 

123. 
romana, Ilort., 115. 
rubra, Lamb., 87. 
rubra, Miclix., 123. 
rubra, JtftZZ., 123. 
rubra, #/>&., 125. 
rubra var. violacea, Endl., 75. 

sabiniana, 2?o«^., 123. 

Salzmanni, Ztoro., 117. 
sanguinea, Lapeyr., 119. 
selenolepis, Pari., 105. 

serotina, Miehx., 123. 

Shasta, ftm\, 109. 
sinensis, 117. 
sitchensis, Bong., 87. 
Skinneri, Forbes, 113. 
smithiana, Lamb., 81. 

Strobus, £., 129. 

Strobus var. pygmaea, Ilort., 

129. 
sylvestris, Balling. , 115. 

sylvestris, £•, 123. 

sylvestris, lliunb. (not i.), 

125. 
sylvestris var. genuina, Heer., 

123. 



Pinus sylvestris var. Pumilio, 
119. 
sylvestris var., X., 121. 
tabuliformis, Ilort., 111. 

Taeda, £., 125. 

Taeda var. alopecuroidea, 

Loud., 123. 
Taeda var. heterophylla, 

Elliott, 111. 
Taeda var. variabilis, .4i£. 

117. 
taurica, Ilort., 115. 
taxifolia, Lamb., 107. 

Thunbergii, iVrZ., 125. 
torreyana, Torr., 125. 

Tsuga, Antolne, 73. 
tuberculata, D. Dore., 113. 

tuberculata, Gord., 125. 

uncinata, Ram., 119. 
variabilis, Lamb., 113 
variabilis, Pursh., 117. 
Veitchii, ItoezZ., 127. 
venusta, Dougl., 97. 
virginiana, JKiZZ., 113. 

Platycladus dolabrata, Spach, 53. 
stricta, Spach, 53. 

Podocarpeae, 9. 

Podocarpus alpina, #. 5a, 9. 
amara, Blume, 9. 
andina, Hort., 11. 
andina, Poepp. 13 
argotaenia, S««ee, 9. 
canaliculata, ilovt.,u. 
chilina, £«?&., 11. 
cupressina, R Br., 11. 
dacrydioides, ^. .Rw*., 11. 
elongata, L'JBertt, 11. 
ferrugiDea, -0- #<>«., 11. 

insignis, Ilemsl., 9. 

japonica, <&>&., U. 



143 



Podocarpus koraianus, Hort., 3. 
macrophylla, D- Don., 11. 
Nageia, R. Dr., n. 
neriifolia, D. Don., 11. 
nubigena, Lindl.$ Paxt.,l\. 
pectinata, Panoh. (ex 

Brongn, ,f Gi-is.), 11. 
purdieana, Booh., 11. 
salicifolia, Kiotzack <.$• 

Kard., 11. 
spicata, J2. Z?/\, 13. 
taxifolia, //. B. A'., 13. 
Totara, G. Benn., 13. 

Prumnopitys elegans, PM- 

lippi, 13. 
spicata, Mast., 13. 
taxifolia, Mast., 13. 

Pseudolarix Fortunei. Mayr, 93. 

Kaempferi, GW., 93. 

PseitdotSUga davidiana, C. 2?. 
B^rtr., 95. 

Douglasii, Cow., 107. 
macrocarpa, H. Mayr, 109. 

mucroData, Sudw., 107. 
taxifolia, Britton, 107. 

Retinispora dubia, Hort., 49. 
ellwangeriana, Hort., 49. 
ericoides, Gord., 45. 
ericoides, Hort., 57. 
filifera, Gordon, 45. 
flavescens, Hort., 55. 
juniperoides, Can:, 55. 
meldensis, Hort., 59. 
nobleana. Hart., 43. 
obtusa, SzeJ. 4' -Z'tfcc., 43. 
pisifera, S¥«J. <$' Zucc, 45. 
plumosa sulphurea, 4"). 
rigida, Carr., 55, 
Bquarrosa, 7/d/f , 55. 
"Tom Thumb," Hort., 49. 



Sabina, 16. 

Salisburia adiantifolia, Salixb., 1. 

Salisburineae, l. 

Sapineae, 95. 

Saxegothea conspicua, AiradJ., 

13. 

Stachy carpus andina, Fare Ticghcm, 
13. 

Schubertia sempervirens, Spack, 
63. 

Sciadopitys verticillata, 5/eJ. 

^' Zucc, 61. 

Sequoia gigantea, 2«»->-., 63. 
sempervirens, £W/., 63. 

Wellingtonia, Seem., 63. 
Strobus, 125. 

Taxeae, 3. 

Taxineae, 3. 

Taxodinae, 61. 

Taxodium bogotense, Hort., 13. 
distichum, Rich., 65. 
heterophyllum, Brongn., 63. 
japonicum, Brongn., 65. 
microphyllum, Brongn., 65. 

mucronatum, ^<«., 65. 

sempervirens, Lamb., 63. 
sinense, Gord., 65. 
washingtonianum, Winsl., 63. 

Taxus adpressa, Gordon, 3. 
adpressa erecta, Z/u/tf., 5. 
adpressa fastigiata, Hort., 5 
adpressa stricta, Hort., 5. 

baccata, -£•, 3. 
baccata Crowderi, 5. 

baccata cuspidata, Carr., 9. 



144 



Taxus baccata empetrif olia, 5. 
baccata microphylla, 5. 
baccata Mitchelli, 5. 
baccata nigra, Hurt., 7. 
baccata stricta, Sort., 5. 
baccata subglaucescens, 

Jacques, 7 
baccata verticillata, Hurt., 5. 
brevifolia, Ilort., 3. 

brevifolia, Nutt., 9. 
canadensis, Willd., 9. 

canadensis Washington!, Hbrt., 

9. 
CUSpidata, Sieb. $ Zucc, 9. 
disticha, Wendcr., 7. 
Dovastoni, Ilort.. 5. 
Harringtonia, Knight $ Perry, 

1. 
hibernica, Hook,, 7. 
hibernica aurea, 7. 
japonica, Hurt., 3. 
pendula, Hurt., 5. 
recurvata, Lawson, 7. 
sinensis tardiva, Knight, 3. 
umbraculifera, Hurt., 5. 

Tetraclinis articulata, Mast., 

29. 

Thuiopsis borealis, Hurt., 41. 
troubetskoyana, Hurt., 41. 
Tscbugatskoyii, Ilort., 41. 

Thuya acuta, Muench., 53, 
argentea, Hurt., 55. 
articulata, Vahl., 29. 
aurea, Hurt., 55. 
aurescens, Hurt., 49. 
australis, Hurt., 59. 
caucasica, Hurt., 49. 
chilensis, D. 2?0«., 61. 
columnaris, 49. 



Thuya compacta, Hort., 55. 
craigiana, A Murr., 61. 
craigiana, Hurt., 51. 

dolabrata, £-, 53. 

Douglasii pendula, Hurt., 59. 
filiformis, Ludd., 59. 
flagelliforrnis, Hurt., 59. 
freneloides, Hurt., 57. 
gigantea, Ilort., 61. 
gigantea, Nutt., 51. 
gigantea var. j aponica, F ranch. 

$ Sav., 51. 
bybrida, ZTdrt., 59. 
intermedia, Hort., 57. 
japonica, Ilort., 57. 
japonica, Ma.rim., 51. 
Lobbi, Hurt., 51. 
meldensis, Hurt., 59. 
Menziesii, Car?:, 51. 
nana, Hort., 55. 
nana aurea, Hort., 55. 
nana compacta aurea, Hort., 

55. 
nepalensis, Hort., 57. 
obtusa, Muench., 47. 
obtusa var. pygmaea, Hort., 

43. 

occidentalis, -£•, 47. 

odorata, Marsh., 47. 
Ohlendorfi, Hurt., 51. 

orientalis, £•, 53. 

orientalis aureo - variegata, 

Hurt., 55. 
orientalis cupressoides, Hort., ' 

59. 
orientalis var. flagelliforrnis, 

Jacques, 59. 
orientalis meldensis, Hort., 59. 
orientalis var. stricta, Loud., 

61. 
orientalis var. tatarica, Luud., 

61. 



U5 



Thuya penduia, Lamb., 59. 
plicata, D. Don., 51. 
pyramidalis, Tenore, 61. 
sibirica, Hort., 47. 
Standiehii, Carr., 51. 
tatarioa, Forbes, 61. 
tetragona. Hort., 51, 
variegata, Hort., 55. 
Versmanni, 49. 
zuccariniana, Hort., 55. 

Thuynae, 31. 
Thuyopsis, 53. 

dolabrata, Sieb. % Zucc, 53. 
laetevirens, Lind., 53. 
Standisbii, Gord., 51. 

Torreya californica, Z'wr., 3. 

Myristica, Hook., 3. 

nucifera, Sieb. $ Zvcc, 3. 
taxifolia, Am., 3. 



Tsuga ajanensis, Hegel., 87. 
albertiana, rei£c/i, 71. 

brunoniana, Carr., 69. 
canadensis, ttwr., 71. 

canadensis var. albo-spica, 71. 

caroliniana, Engeim., 71. 

diversifolia, Mawim., 73. 
Douglasii, Carr., 107. 
heterophylla, Sargent, 7 1 . 

mertensiana, Cam, 71. 

mertensiana, Sargent, 73. 
pattoniana, Engeim., 73. 
Sieboldi, Owr., 73. 
Tsuja Tsuja, J. 3/nrr., 73. 

Washingtonia californica, Witul., 
63. 

Wellingtonia gigantea, Lindl., 63. 

Widdringtonia giauca, //«;*., 

31. 
Whytei, #««#«, 31. 



13614 



F 



I 



144 



LONDON: 

PEINTED FOR HIS MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE, 

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HAND-LIST 



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CONIFEliAE, 



GROWN IN 



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THE KOYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, 



(SECOND EDITION.) 




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Hand-list of Trees and Shrubs grown in Arboretum (excluding 
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boards. Price 2s. Post free 2s. 4Jd. 

Hand-list of Tender Dicotyledons cultivated in the Royal Gardens. 
1899. Price 2s. U. Post free : Inland, 2.v. lQd. ; Foreign and Colonial, 
2*. lid. Cloth boards, Price 3s. Post free : Inland, 3*. id. ; Foreign 
and Colonial, 3*. 5d. 

Mycologic Flora of the Royal Gardens, Kew. 1897. Price id. 
Post free 5d. 



Money orders to be made payable at Kew Post Office to W. Wataon, Curator 
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 



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