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Full text of "Hannah Logan's courtship, a true narrative; the wooing of the daughter of James Logan, colonial governor of Pennsylvania, and divers other matters, as related in the diary of her lover, the Honorable John Smith, assemblyman of Pennsylvania and king's councillor of New Jersey, 1736-1752;"

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W Companion f^o/ume 


Being- a Quaker Maiden' s Account of Her 
Experiences luith OJ/icers of the Conti- 
nental Ar>ny, 1777-177S- Illustrated ivith 
Portraits, Pacsi»iilcs and Photographs. 
Edited by Albret Cook Myers, izmo, 224 
pages, deckel-edge paper, cloth, $2.00: 
three-quarters levant, $4.00. 

A STRICTLY historical document, yet also 
a romance of unequalled charm. " Has in 
many respects the attractions of a work ot fic- 
tion. . . It is one of those books that one 
needs to read in order to Ret rid of the unreality 
that is apt to hang about the pages of history," 
says the Baltimore Sun. "A most delicious 
piece of literature," says the Inquirer ( Phila. ) 
" Much of it reads like chapters of the 
late Revolutionary romances, except that 
these pages are more vivid and the scenes 
more natural." — Anier. Historical Rerneio. 
" Sally Wister is one of those charming 
maidens whose memory has been preserved by 
a fortunate accident. We profess ourselves 
her devoted servants." — Athe7iieum (London). 


L O G A N'S 


A True Narrative 





With Portraits, Manuscripts, Relics and f^iezus 


Nos. 29-31 North Seventh Street, Philadelphia 

Two Copies Keceiveu 

DEC 19 tyo4 

Copyniini tntry 

/ a ^ zz 3 


Copyright, 1904, by Ferris & Leach. 







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JF* ^iS* 







M 1|^]U 




ON the warm afternoon of June i, 1744, a 
courtly company of Virginia gentlemen in 
cocked hats and gold lace rode out the Old 
York Road from Philadelphia toward Germantown. 
They were the Indian Commissioners and suite, but 
lately arrived in the city en route to make a treaty with 
the Iroquois at Lancaster. The party had dined 
sumptuously at the Three Tuns Tavern in Water 
Street with the Secretary of the Province, Mr. Richard 
Peters, and * ' after a few Glasses of Good Maderia 
were now on their way to pay their respects to the 
venerable statesman and scholar, James Logan, at his 
beautiful country seat of Stenton. 

" We got to Mr. Logan's a few minutes after 3," 
writes ^ William Black, the merry young Secretary of 
the Commission, " and found him hid in the Bushes, 
" an Expression the Indians used " two years previously 
when they found that " their Good Friend James 

^ Journal of William Black, Penna. Magazine, I., 406 ff. 
Cf. Witham Marshe's Journal, Mass. Hist. Coll., VII. 

6 Courtship of [i^^j^o- 

" Logan . . . was so much Oppress' d with sick- 
" ness as to be obliged to live a Life Retir'd from 
*' Public affairs." " He had been a very great 
*♦ Benefactor to the Indians," Black continues, " and 
" Conducted several Treaties with them, and they 
"having always found him true to them, had an 
•' Extraordinary Regard for him : The Commissioners 
"had some Conversation with him about the Indians, 
" and told him his Advice would be of the last Conse- 
" quence to them in Conducting the Treaty; he 
*' Appear' d [however] somewhat Reserv'd and Spoke 
" very little : 

" At last the Tea Table was Set, and one of his 
" Daughters [Hannah] presented herself in Order to 
"fill out the Fashionable Warm Water: I was really 
"very much Surprized," writes the impressionable 
young Virginian, " at the Appearance of so Charm- 
" ing a Woman, in a place where the seeming morose- 
" ness and Goutified Father's Appearance Promised no 
" such Beauty, tho' it must be allow' d the Man seem'd 
" to have some Remains of a handsome enough Person, 
"and a Complection beyond his years, for he was 
" turned off 70 : 

" But to return to the Lady, I declare I burnt my 
" Lips more than once, being quite thoughtless of the 
" warmness of my Tea, entirely lost in Contemplating 
" her Beauties. She was tall, and Slender, but 
" Exactly well Shap'd, her Features Perfect, and 
"Complection tho' a little the whitest, yet her 
" Countenance had something in it extremely Sweet. 

A Pa<:e from William I'.lack's Iliar' 



A Page from William lilack's Diary 

duction] Hannah Logan 7 

«« Her Eyes Express' d a very great Softness, denoting 
"a Compos'd Temper and Serenity of Mind, Her 
" Manner was Grave and Reserv'd, and to be short 
" she had a Sort of Majesty in her Person, and Agree- 
" ableness in her Behaviour, which at once Surprized 
" and Charmed the Beholders: ^ 

*' After the Tea Table was remov'd we were going 
*< to take leave, but it appear' d we must first view his 
*< Library, which was Customary with him, to any 
♦* Persons of Account, He had really a very fine 
"Collection of Books, both Ancient and Modern. 
<< He seem'd to Regrate that none of his Sons knew 
" not how to use them, and that he design' d them as 
•• a Legacy to the City when he died: After the Old 
" Gentleman had been Complimented on his fine 
"Taste we Departed." 

Hannah Logan, the heroine of our narrative, thus 
pleasantly portrayed by Mr. Black, was the younger 
of James Logan's daughters. She was named in honor 
of Hannah Penn, the second wife of William Penn.'^ 

1 Jonathan Belcher, Governor of New Jersey, in a letter from 
Burlington, of May iz, 1748, writes to James Logan: " My best 
Regards wait on your good Lady and free from all Compliments 
on your fine fine Daughter." — Belcher MSS., VL, 313, Mass. 
Hist. Soc, Boston. 

* In a letter dated Philadelphia, March 29, 1719-20, James 
Logan writes to his " Hon** Mistress " Hannah Penn : "I have 
a careful wife & but 3 Children of w<='' y'' last a Girl & called by 
thy name is but very young." — James Logan's MS. Letter-book, 
1717-1728, p. 117, Hist. Soc. Penna., Am .0951. 

8 Courtship of [intro- 

*'Our 4th [child]," writes' the father in 1723, 
*<is Hannah, born y^ 21st of febr^ '7if about noon," 
now at the age of three "a very hearty Child 
" Spelling in her Primer." Her fiarther education and 
housewifely employments, doubtless, were similar to 
those of her older sister, Sarah, of whom the father 
writes^ in 1724: " Sally, besides her needle, has been 
'* learning French, and this last week, has been very 
" busy in the dairy at the plantation, in which she 
♦' delights as well as in spinning ; but is this moment at 
*' the table with me (being first-day afternoon and her 
*' mother abroad), reading the 34th Psalm in Hebrew, 
•* the letters of which she learned very perfectly in less 
•* than two hours' time, an experiment I made of her 
" capacity only for my diversion, though," he adds, — 
an interesting comment on female education at the 
time, — " I never design to give her that or any other 
** learned language, unless the French be accounted 

Unfortunately no portrait * of Hannah is known to 

'MS. letter July 21, 1723, to his brother, Dr. William Logan, 
of Bristol, England, in possession of a descendant, Mrs. Charles W. 
Howland, of Wilmington, Delaware. 

^Letter, Philadelphia, "25, 8ber, 1724," to Thomas Story, 
the eminent Quaker minister, then in England. — Wilson Armistead, 
Life of Logan, 96. 

^ That a portrait of Hannah Logan had been made is evinced by 
the following e.xtract from a letter dated 11 mo. 17, 1758, from 

Sarah Logan (1715-1744) 
Daughter of James Logan and wife of Isaac Nor 

auction] Hannah Logan 9 

have survived, but it is inferred that she was much like 
her sister Sarah, whose portrait is here reproduced, for the 
father in a letter of 1736 thus refers to the resemblance 
of the sisters : *' My younger daughter now in all 
** respects equals the elder, save in years, being both, 
" I think, exactly of a height, and they are now 
"much what their mother was." * 

In the pages of the young secretary of the Virginian 
Commission, James Logan appears as an old man, 
leading the life of a country gentleman, in scholarly 
retirement among the treasures of his library. Yet he 
had not long lived thus remote from the world of affairs. 
For almost a half century he had devoted himself to 
business pursuits and to public concerns, and certainly, 
next to William Penn, the Founder, may be ranked as 
the most important personage of the Province.^ 

He was born of Scotch parentage, October 20, 

William Logan to his brother-in-law, John Smith : "I sent for my 
sister's Picture with an Intention to make a present of it, as thou 
hast y'' Original, & most right to it, but my Coz° Jn° Pemberton 
tells me my sister Intends when she Gets possession of it, to destroy 
it. If so, I can assure her I shall not part with it & thou must be 
her security she will not." — ^John Smith's Correspondence, 1740- 
1770, Am 158, Hist. Soc. Penna. 

'Letter, Stenton, 5 Mo. 12, 1736, to Thomas Story. — 
Armistead's Logan, 119 fF. 

' See sketch of James Logan in Myers's Immigration of the 
Irish Quakers into Pennsylvania, 1682-1750. 

lo Courtship of [i^tro- 

1674, ^^ Lurgan, County Armagh, Ireland.^ His 
father, Patrick Logan, a native of East Lothian, Scot- 
land, of good ancestry, was graduated M.A.^ from 
the University of Edinburgh, and became a clergyman 
of the Established Church of Scotland, serving for a 
time as Chaplain to Lord Belhaven^; but later he joined 
the Society of Friends. His wife was Isabella Hume, 
of a gentle family of the south of Scotland, descended 
from Lord Panmure.* About the middle of First 
month, 1671, Patrick Logan, as he records it, 
removed with his family to Ireland,^ and took charge 
of a Latin school at Lurgan. 

Here in his father's school James Logan received his 
education, "having learned Latin, Greek, and some 
" Hebrew," he writes in his autobiography,® "before 
"I was 13 years of age." "In my 14th [year]," 
he continues, *• I was put Apprentice to a Linnen Draper 
" — one as considerable with his Partner as any in 

^ Penn-Logan Correspondence, I., liii., Mem. Hist. Soc. 
Penna., Vol. IX. 

^ Proud, Pennsylvania, I., 473. 

' Keith, Provincial Councillors of Pennsylvania, 5. 

* Pa. Mag., XXVI., 479; Myers's Immigration, 238; Baronage 
of Scotland, 178; Douglas, Peerage of Scotland, 544. 

*Copy of Deborah Logan's Commonplace-book, No. I, owned 
by Miss Maria Dickinson Logan, of " Loudoun," Germantown. 

* See Myers, Immigration of the Irish Quakers, 238 ff. 

auction] Hannah Logan 1 1 

"Dublin. But the Prince of Orange, landing before I 
'* was bound (tho' I served my Master 6 months) in 
** the winter of 1688, I went down to my Parents — 
" and the wars in Ireland coming on. In the Spring 
" (1689) I went over to Edinburgh with my Mother 
" — after which my Father soon followed, who being 
** out of employment — repaired to London, & was 
"there gladly receiv'd by our friends — Deputies to 
"the Gen' Meeting from Bristol in that City — as 
" their school master ^ — for the Latin Language 
" [1690], and I followed him the next year; but 
"tho' the wages were good, and well paid," Patrick 
Logan returned to Ireland in 1 693 and left his son James, 
not yet nineteen years of age, in charge of the school. 
Young Logan retained his position as teacher, at the 
same time continuing his studies in Greek and Hebrew, 
and learning French, Italian, and Spanish — until 1697; 

1 Patrick Logan is described by the Bristol Friends, in 1690, as 
"a good scholar, and an apt schoolmaster to instruct youth in 
Latin, &c." (Tanner, Friends in Bristol, 124.) He died about 
1702, and his widow, Isabella Logan, was married again shortly 
afterwards to one not a Friend ( Penn and Logan Correspondence, 
L, 117). In 1717, she came to Pennsylvania (Letter, James 
Logan to Thomas Story, dated Philadelphia, 12 mo. 28, 171 7. 
— James Logan's MS. Letter-book, 171 7-1 728, Hist. Soc. Pa., 
Am .0951), and spent the remainder of her life with her son, 
James Logan. She died 11 mo. 17, 1722 (Letter dated Phila- 
delphia, 2 mo. 8, 1723, James Logan to John Hoop, of Ireland. ) 

1 2 Courtship of [}^^'°- 

then he entered upon the shipping trade between Bristol 
and Dublin. But in the spring of 1 699 William Penn 
sent for him, and engaged him to go with him to 
Pennsylvania as his secretary. 

So in the summer of the same year, at the age of 
twenty-five, we find him embarking with Penn in the 
Canterbury for the voyage to the New World. They 
arrived at Philadelphia late in the year. Logan was 
immediately plunged into the affairs of the Province, 
and soon showed such marked capacity for business and 
administration that his services became indispensable, 
and Penn, on his departure for England in 1701, not 
only continued him as secretary, but gave him a general 
charge both of the government and property, saying: 
" I have left thee in an uncommon trust, with a singular 
•' dependence on thy justice and care." ' 

Nor was the Proprietor's confidence misplaced; for 
though beset by many troubles and vexations, Logan 
ever remained true to his trust, discharging his duties 
with fidelity and judgment. His life becoming more 
and more occupied with public affairs, he was for the next 
forty years always holding some high office — Com- 
missioner of Property, member of Provincial Council, 
Judge of Common Pleas, Mayor of Philadelphia, 

1 Penn-Logan Correspondence, I., 59. 

auction] Hannah Logan 13. 

Chief- Justice; and in 1736-38, as President of the 
Provincial Council, acting as Governor of Pennsylvania. 

He became the devoted leader of the Proprietary- 
Party in the long and bitter political conflict that was 
waged after Penn's return to England, and zealously 
guarded the Penn interests and prerogatives against 
what were deemed the encroachments of the Popular 
Party of the Assembly, led in the earlier days by David 
Lloyd, and of the Church Party, led by Colonel Robert 
Quarry. It is true that in these earlier years he did at 
times become heated in partisan controversy, to such an 
extent as to make himself unpopular, but in his later 
days he was generally respected for his learning, 
character and ability. 

He remained a Friend all his life, but differed from 
the great body of the Society in his belief in defensive 
war, writing an address in support of this view, and 
contributing liberally to the funds raised for the protec- 
tion of Philadelphia in the French wars. 

An anecdote of his voyage over with Penn in the 
Canterbury^ 1699, as he told it to his friend Benjamin 
Franklin, is of interest in this connection : ^ 

*• It was war time, and their ship was chased by an 
•' armed vessel, supposed to be an enemy. Their captain 

'Franklin's Autobiography, Sparks, I., 153. 

14 Courtship of [i^^'^o- 

*' prepared for defence ; but told William Penn, and 
•* his company of Quakers, that he did not expect their 
** assistance, and that they might retire into the cabin ; 
♦* which they did, except James Logan, who chose to 
*' stay upon deck, and was quartered to a gun. The 
*« supposed enemy proved a friend, so there was no 
"fighting; but when the secretary went down to 
'•communicate the intelligence, William Penn rebuked 
" him severely for staying upon deck and undertaking to 
'• assist in defending the vessel, contrary to the principles 
'* of Friends; especially as it had not been required by 
*• the captain. This reprimand, being before all the 
** company, piqued the secretary, who answered: * I 
*• * being thy servant, why did thee not order me to 
*' 'come down? But thee was willing enough that I 
" * should stay and help to fight the ship, when thee 
** 'thought there was danger.' " ' 

As already intimated by Black, Logan was on very 
friendly terms with the Indians. Like his friend and 
master, Penn, he knew how to win and keep their 
confidence. It was largely due to him that friendship 
and alliance between them and the Province were so 

' In his address on defensive war, offered to Philadelphia Yearly 
Meeting in 1741, Logan doubtless alludes to this incident. He 
writes: *' I was therefore the more surprised, when I found my 
Master, on a particular Occasion in our Voyage hither, tho' coming 
over to exercise the Powers of it [government] here in his own 
Person shew'd his Sentiments were otherwise." — Broadside, No. 
48, Vol. 3, Pemberton Papers, Hist. Soc. Penna. 

James Logan's ^V'atcll 

ducdon] Hannah Logan 1 5 

long maintained. He often had them as guests at 
Stenton. On some occasions, it is said, there were as 
many as three or four hundred, who would remain for 
days enjoying the hospitality of the plantation.^ 

It is not only as a statesman, but also as a man of 
letters and science, that James Logan is conspicuous in 
our colonial annals. He carried on an extensive 
correspondence with many of the most learned men of 
Europe, and wrote numerous works, many of which 
are still in manuscript. His letters and writings show 
that there was almost no topic in science or literature 
that he could not discuss with the scholars of his time. 
** Sometimes Hebrew or Arabic characters and 
** algebraic formulas roughen the pages of his letters and 
"books. Sometimes his letters convey a lively Greek 
" ode to a learned friend; and often they are written in 
" the Latin tongue."^ His friend Linnasus, in compli- 
ment to his botanical knowledge, named after him a 
natural order of herbs and shrubs, the Loganiaceas, 
containing some thirty genera in three hundred and 
fifty species. He published Latin essays on reproduc- 
tion in plants, and on the aberration of light; translated 
Cato's Disticha and Cicero's De Senectute, and issued 

^ Armistead's Logan, 196. 

^J. F. Fisher, in Sparks's Franklin, VII., 24-27, note. 

1 6 Courtship of [i"tro- 

many other works. ^ His correspondence with the 
Penn family, which is a mine of historical information, 
reveals his carefulness and intellectual breadth. Says 
Professor Tyler, " Occasionally one finds in it a passage 
" of general discussion, in which the clear brain and 
•• noble heart of the writer utter themselves in language 
" of real beauty and force." - 

He bequeathed to the city of Philadelphia his library 
of 3,000 volumes, comprising all the Latin classics and 
more than a hundred folios in Greek. These books 
formed the foundation of the Loganian Library, which 
later was included in the collection of the Philadelphia 
Library Company.^ 

" In personal appearance," says Watson, the 
annalist, '♦ James Logan was tall and well-proportioned, 
♦« with a graceful yet grave demeanor. He had a good 
" complexion, and was quite florid even in old age, nor 
'• did his hair, which was brown, turn gray in his decline 
" of life, nor his eyes require spectacles. According to 
" the customs of the times, he wore a powdered wig. 
" His whole manner was dignified, so as to abash 

1 Joseph Smith, Catalogue of Friends' Books; Hildeburn, Issues 
of the Pennsylvania Press. 

' Moses Coit Tyler, History of American Literature, II., 234. 
^ Armistead's Logan, 174-5. 

James Logan 

auction] Hannah Logan 17 

'* impertinence ; yet he was kind and strictly just in all 
" the minor duties of acquaintance and society." ^ 
Black, we remember, who saw him in his declining 
years, says that he " seem'dtohave some Remains of a 
"handsome . . . Person and a Complection 
" beyond his years." 

From the correspondence of his youthful days we 
obtain a very human view of Logan in his affaires 
a"" amours. A bachelor's life was not to his liking, and 
he hoped to change in such a way as to contribute to 
his happiness and means. He was destined, however, 
to suffer the stings of disappointment several times 
before he met with success in his desires. He formed 
an attachment for the beautiful and wealthy Ann 
Shippen, daughter of Edward Shippen, Mayor of the 
city, but found a formidable rival in the learned and 
eloquent young Quaker minister, Thomas Story. The 
fair Ann was inclined to listen to the vows of the latter 
suitor. The progress of the love-affair soon became the 
town talk, and even reached the ears of the Proprietor 
in England.^ " I am anxiously grieved for thy unhappy 
** love," writes Penn to Logan, under date of l i mo. 
i6th, 1704—5, "for thy sake and my own, for T. 

^ Annals of Philadelphia, I., 524. 

* Thompson Westcott, Historic Mansions of Philadelphia, 
second edition. 

1 8 Courtship of U""''^- 

" S. and thy discord has been of no service here, any 
*♦ more than there ; and some say that come thence that 
" thy amours have so altered or influenced thee that thou 
" art grown touchy and apt to give rough and short 
*' answers, which many call haughty, &c. I make no 
"judgment, but caution thee, as in former letters, to let 
** truth preside and bear impertinence as patiently as thou 
*' canst." ^ To this Logan replied, 12 mo. nth, 
1704—5 : ** I cannot understand that paragraph in thy 
"letter relating to T. S. and myself; thou says our 
"discord has done no more good there than here, and 
" know not who carried the account of it, for I wrote to 
*♦ none that I know but thyself in 7''",I703. . . . 
" Before that we had lived eighteen months very good 
** friends, without any manner of provocation, only that 
" I had about three or four months before spoke some- 
" thing to Edward Shippen. . ." ^ In the following 
year Ann Shippen and Thomas Story were married, 
and Logan seems to have become reconciled to the 
match. He wrote to William Penn, Jr., August 12, 
1706: "Thomas Story carries very well since his 
" marriage. He and I are very great friends, for I think 
*«the whole business is not now worth a quarrel." ' 

1 Penn- Logan Correspondence, I., 358. 

'Ibid, I., 367. Mbid, II., 158. 

Dr. William Logan, of Bristol, Eno-lanc 

auction] Hannah Logan 19 

As years went by he became enamoured of another 
fair Quakeress, Sarah Read, daughter of Charles Read 
(d. c. 1705), a wealthy merchant of the city, Alder- 
man and Assemblyman, and sister of Charles Read, 
Provincial Councillor. The following quaint and 
tender missive he sent to her in 1 7 1 o : 

My Dearest Life : — 

Thy last discourses have laid me under so deep a concern and 
anxiety of thought, that I can find no Peace or Satisfaction, nor 
shall I have any till thee meets with more of it in thyself in relation 
to me. To tell thee how much I admire, value and love thee, and 
thy excellent virtues, is needless, for thou can'st not be insensible 
of it. I look on thee as one capable to bring a man the greatest 
Blessing in thy person, that he is capable of receiving in the world, 
if he himself be able to set a just value on thy excellent qualifica- 
tions ; and how eager one in my circumstances, who rates thee at 
the highest, would be to possess such a blessing may easily be judged. 
Yet my Dearest, I cannot press it further than thou with freedom 
can'st condescend to it, and enjoy Peace and Satisfaction in thy own 
mind, for without this I cannot as much as desire to obtain thee. 
I therefore here resign thee up to that Gracious God, thy tender 
and merciful Father, to whom thy Innocent Life and virtuous 
Inclinations have certainly rendered thee very dear, that He may 
dispose of thee according to His Divine Pleasure, and as it may best 
suit thy Happiness, Humbly imploring at the same time and 
beseeching His Divine goodness, that I may be made worthy to 
receive thee as a Holy Gift from His hands, and then thou wilt 
truly prove a Blessing, and we shall forever be happy in each other. 
This in the depth of my soul I earnestly desire, and this if thou 
finds a freedom by his Divine Direction to bestow thyself on me, 
of which perhaps I am not worthy yet, I shall receive thee as the 
greatest happiness and blessing that can be bestowed on me in this 
life, and as a sure pledge of God's continued love to me, even after 
all the offences I have hitherto committed against him, which in 

2 Courtship of [i"^'^°- 

the course of so active a life as mine has been, have doubtless been 
many, and which in thy sweet company I shall endeavour to 
expiate, that linked together in a strong, unspotted affection both 
of body and mind we may also be further cemented together in the 
Divine love that affords the most solid comfort to the soul here and 
the most lasting pleasure both here and hereafter. 

I therefore earnestly beseech thee, my dearest life, incessantly 
and most fervently to pray to thy Heavenly Father to direct us both 
aright according to His Heavenly Will, and ( if it can be consistent 
with His Divine Pleasure) to unite us in that sacred bond, which 
shall not end even in death itself 5 and I will with all the patience 
my affection will admit of, wait for thy resolution with a strong and 
earnest hope, and at the same time that it will be favorable to 
Thy most faithful and affectionate 

i8th 7 Mo. lyjo. James Logan. 

This time his suit met with success, and on the 9th 
of loth Mo., 1 7 14, he was happily married to Sarah 
Read,^ daughter of Charles and Amy (Child) Read, 
in the Friends' Meeting-house in Philadelphia. 

By this marriage James Logan had seven children, 
three of whom died young. Sarah Logan ( 1 7 1 5- 
1744), the oldest child, named for Sarah Milman, 
of England,^ was married in 1739 to Isaac Norris 
( 1 701-1766), one of the most learned and influential 
men of the Province, and for many years leader of 

1 Her sister, Rachel Read (b. 1691), was married, in 1710, 
to Israel Pemberton, son of Phineas. — Keith, Councillors. 

^ Letter, James Logan to Sarah Milman, dated Philadelphia, 
8br 22, 1726. — James Logan's MS. Letter-book, p. 443, Hist. 
Soc. Penna., Am .0951. 


W '''^' '"'^^^^^^^^1 




Mrs. William LoCTan, of Bristol, Ensrland 

auction] Hannah Logan 2 1 

the Quaker Party in the Assembly. The Norrises 
resided at the family seat, ** Fairhill," between Stenton 
and the city. Their daughter, Mary, married John 
Dickinson, of Revolutionary fame. 

William Logan (1718-1776), the third child, was 
educated at Bristol, England, under direction of his 
uncle. Dr. William Logan, one of the most distinguished 
physicians of that city. He became a successful 
merchant of Philadelphia, and served as Provincial 
Councillor.^ On the death of his father he succeeded 
to the Stenton estate, and took up his residence there. 
He was married in 1740 to Hannah Emlen (1722— 
1777), daughter of George Emlen. 

Hannah Logan (i 720-1 761), the fourth child, has 
already been referred to. 

James Logan, Jr. (i 728-1 803), married Sarah 
Armitt, but had no issue. 

The picturesque and dignified old mansion of Stenton,^ 
the scene of some of the most important events hereafter 
narrated, was built by James Logan in 1728, and is 
still in an excellent state of preservation. It is rich in 

' Keith, Councillors, 13, passim. 

^ The estate has descended to the present owners, Albanus C. 
Logan, Esquire, and his sister, Miss Maria Dickinson Logan, of 
*' Loudoun," Germantown. 

2 2 Courtship of [^"''■o- 

historic associations, and one of the finest examples of 
colonial architecture extant. Thanks to the loving zeal 
of the Pennsylvania Society of the Colonial Dames of 
America, it has recently been carefully restored, and 
under their trusty guardianship it has been opened to 
the public. 

The house, still surrounded by ample grounds, part 
of the original five hundred acres comprising the estate, 
is a short distance east of Wayne Junction Station on 
the Philadelphia & Reading Railway. It is a large 
two-story structure, built in rectangular form of varie- 
gated brick, and has two great towering chimneys, and 
a heavy roof, almost pyramidal in shape, set with 
dormer windows. From the rear, connected by a 
covered way, extends a long low outbuilding, used as 
a kitchen and servants' quarters. The approach to the 
front is through a long avenue of fine old sycamores. 
Passing up the curious circular stone steps, firmly 
clamped together with iron, and through the colonial 
doorway, we enter the great hall, paved with brick and 
wainscoted in white to the ceiling. In the corner to 
the right is an open fireplace, and in the rear through 
an archway the stately double staircase. On either 
hand are lofty rooms also handsomely wainscoted in 
white. The large fireplace in the room to the left 
contains an ornamental iron back-plate inscribed. 

Main Doorway, Stenton 

auction] Hannah Logan 23 

"J. L. 1728." In another room the fireplace still 
retains some of its original blue-and-white Dutch tiles 
of most grotesque pattern. 

One of the most attractive rooms is the library, in 
which the book-loving master of the place spent most of 
his time. This is a large, finely-lighted apartment, taking 
up half of the front of the house in the second story. 
Indeed, the ancient house is full of delights for the 
antiquary and the lover of the olden time. From 
garret ^ to cellar there are all sorts of quaint nooks and 
corners, mysterious cupboards and closets and secret 
staircases ; and leading from the cellar to the stables is 
a long underground passage, the subject of many a 
strange legend. 

James Logan had acquired a fortune in commerce and 
in trade with the Indians, and he and his descendants 
were well able to live in a style befitting their position. 
Free-hearted hospitality reigned at Stenton. For more 
than a century it was the resort of all the notable 
persons of the Province and of distinguished visitors 
from abroad. Here, too, in a later day, the elegant 
and cultivated Deborah Logan, wife of Dr. George 
Logan, grandson of James, drew around her the 
most eminent and illustrious men and women of the 

• On an attic chamber door is quaintly carved : " Will" Logan 
junf sail'd for England Octob'': 7''' 1763 M: i| — " 

2 4 Courtship of [i^'^°- 

then leading city of the young republic. Among these 
visitors were John Dickinson, John Randolph, of 
Roanoke, Thomas Pickering; the learned and witty 
Portuguese, Abb6 Correa; the French Minister Genet, 
Dr. Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and President Wash- 

In 1777, when the British were destroying some of 
the country seats in the outlying districts of the city, 
Stenton was only saved from the flames by the ruse 
of an old negro woman, one of the servants of the 
Logan household. Lord Howe made his headquarters 
here just before the Battle of Germantown. 

Of the visitors to Stenton, however, the one who 
most interests us is the hero and chief chronicler of 
these pages, the Quaker youth, John Smith, of the 
gentle and scholarly Smiths of Burlington, in New 
Jersey. He was born at Burlington, First month 20th, 
1722, the second son of the Honourable Richard, Jr., 
and AbigaiP (Rapier) Smith. His brothers were 

1 Richard Smith was married in 1719 to Abigail, daughter of 
Thomas Rapier, or Raper. John Smith records a mo., 1743, '" 
his MS. Diary, vol. 5 : ( i) " My Grandfather Thomas Raper was 
born at Sindersby near Thursk in Yorkshire and served his time with 
Bryan Peart a White Smith in Thursk. He left England about 
the year 1 68 1 leaving two brothers behind him. The Eldest of 

duction] Hannah Logan 25 

Samuel Smith (i 720-1 776), the Historian and King's 
Councillor of New Jersey ; William Lovett Smith ^ 
(1726-1798), and Richard Smith- (1735-1803), 
Secretary of the First Continental Congress. His 
sister, Elizabeth Smith, died unmarried in 1772. 

The Burlington Smiths were descended from a 
substantial Quaker family, resident since the sixteenth 
century at Braham, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, 
England. Richard Smith, Jr., the father of John, was the 
only son of Samuel Smith (b. 1672), who removed 

them was a wealthy man and had several Children. The youngest 
was William who had a Child or Children and lived well. ( 2 ) My 
Grandmother Abigail Raper was daughter of William and Mary 
Perkins who came from a town called Seilby a mile from a noted 
Market town called Mount Sorrel In Leicestershire which is about 85 
miles from London. They came from England in the year 1677 
in one of the first English Vessels that came up the river Delaware 
— William died at Sea but his wife lived 5 or 6 years after her 
arrival. This W" was son to Thomas Perkyns a Baptist preacher 
in the same town." 

^William Lovett Smith (i 726-1 798), engaged at first in 
his father's business as a West India Merchant, and then in agri- 
culture. He named his estate Braham. He was married in 1749 
to Mary, daughter of Daniel Doughty. — Burlington Smiths, 1 18. 

^Richard Smith (173 5-1 803), member of the Continental 
Congress, son of Richard and Abigail (Rapier) Smith, studied law 
in the office of Joseph Galloway, in Philadelphia, and took an 
active part in political life, serving as Recorder of Burlington, 
Assemblyman, and Treasurer of New Jersey. At the outbreak of 
the Revolution, he was elected to represent New Jersey in the 
Continental Congress and became its first secretary. His portrait 

2 6 Courtship of [^"^^°- 

from Braham to New Jersey, in 1694, located at 
Burlington, and served as Assemblyman. Samuel Smith 
was a son of Richard Smith (1626-1688), who was 
baptized at Braham and educated "for the Gowne " 
(the Law). Richard Smith joined the newly 
formed organization of the Quakers, wrote a tract 
called "A Christian Directory," and in 1660 suffered 
imprisonment with 500 other Quakers in York Castle. 
He was married in 1653 by Paul Peale, Alderman of 
York, to Anne Yates, daughter of William Yates, 
Quaker, of Alborough. She also was imprisoned in 
York Castle, in 1688. This Richard Smith was a son 
of Richard Smith (1593-1647), of Braham, and a 
grandson of William Smith, of Braham, the first known 
ancestor of the family.' 

The Honourable Richard Smith, Jr.'( 1699-175 i ), 

is introduced in Molleson's painting, "The First Prayer in Con- 
gress." He was carefully educated and devoted much of his time 
to literary pursuits. Part of his correspondence with Dr. Tobias 
Smollett, the novelist, at the beginning of the Revolution, has 
been published in the Atlantic Monthly. He was married to Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of John Rodman. His country seat was named 
"Braham Hall." He died at Natchez, Mississippi, in 1803, 
while on a journey through the Southern States. — R. Morris 
Smith, Burlington Smiths, 1 18-1 19; Appleton's Cy. Bio. 

' Burlington Smiths, 21, passim. 

2 Richard Smith had one sister, Mary, who married Joseph 
Noble, son of Abel, of Bucks County, Pennsylvania. 

Old View of John SiiiiUi ^, House in Burlington 
I'uilt in 1720 by his father, Richard Smith. Jr. 

auction] Hannah Logan 27 

a prominent Friend of Burlington, was a prosperous 
merchant, and for nearly twenty years a member of 
the New Jersey Assembly. He was extensively 
engaged in commerce to the West Indies, exchanging 
grain, lumber, and other products of the Middle States 
for sugar, rum, molasses, and the like. He owned 
his own vessels and built some of them at his own 
yard. His wharves were in Burlington on what is 
now known as Green Bank, the pleasant residential 
shore of the Delaware. He had a spacious town 
house, not far from the river, on Main Street, built 
of brick, in 1720, shortly after his marriage, and a 
country-seat near to the town called Green Hill, 
previously owned by Governor Samuel Jennings. 
The letters of Richard Smith show him to have been 
a genial, kindly man with some humor. He was very 
hospitable, and his house was much resorted to by 
traveling Friends and others. 

His contemporaries held him in great respect. 
Governor Jonathan Belcher, who resided for a time 
with him in Burlington, in 1747, shortly after his 
arrival in New Jersey, formed a high opinion of him,* 

^ That this feeling was reciprocal appears by a letter, 6 mo. 19, 
1747, of Richard Smith to his son John, in Philadelphia : " The 
Gover' Lodges & Diets with me yet, causes a pretty Deal of Com- 
pany ... if you have a mind to see the Gov' as proposed .... 

2 8 Courtship of [^"^^o- 

and according to one of the Councillors/ chiefly relied 
on him in political affairs. Smith being " by much, the 
" Man of the best Sense and Interest in " the Assembly. 
James Logan, in writing to Thomas Penn in 1 749, 
says that Richard Smith was " the most worthy man 
"in" Burlington, **tho by no means in Estate."" 
He maintained " a fair reputation," writes his son, 
Samuel Smith, the Historian,' ♦' was instrumental in 

.... Seventh day might Be a very suitable Time as he is soon 
Going to York to wait on Warrins Lady before she Goes. He is an 
exceeding afFable man. Expresses a very Great Regard to fFriends 
and acknowledges that by their Inf' Got the Gov™'. As far 
as I learn an Independent in Profession seems to have a Great Value 
for religion but very little opinion of part of the Clargy very ready 
of access & agreable Company untill nine oclock and allway to bed 
before Tenn, rises Early does his Busness him self and a Good 
Capacity for it promises fair and I hope will make a Good Gov''. 

he has at the request of some ffrds in London brought over 

Edm'* Peckovers son who for his father's sake he says he will prefer 
on his reformation. I have Got thy Bro"' Sam' to take him in to 
be at his house In order to keep him out of bad Company." — 
John Smith Correspondence, 1 740-1 770, Hist. Soc. Penna. 

1 Letter, James Alexander to Ferdinand John Paris, New Jersey 
Archives, ist series, vol. VII. 

* Letter dated Stenton, November 24, 1749. Smith MSS,Y i 2. 
7289, F 128. Ridgway Branch, Philadelphia Library Company. 

•''Samuel Smith (1720— 1776), the Historian, son of Richard 
and Abigail (Rapier) Smith, was born at Burlington, where he 
received his education. When a young man, he engaged in his 
father's business, as a West India merchant, living for some years 
in Philadelphia, but finally settling in Burlington. His town house 
has since been known as the "Coleman house." His pleasant 

auction] Hannah Logan 29 

•* procuring considerable provincial benefits, and hence, 
" acquired the love of many, who had no opportunities 
" of knowing him, but in a publick character. He was 
" cool and even in his temper, impartial and con- 
" scientious in the discharge of his duty, kind and 
'♦ careful in every paternal relation, and generous in 

country-seat, " Hickory Grove," still owned by his descendants, 
the Mott family, is near Burlington. He was married ii mo., 
I 74 1, to Jane Kirkbride, daughter of Joseph Kirkbride, of Bucks 
County, Pennsylvania (Burlington Smiths, 117). James Pember- 
ton, of Philadelphia, under date of 1 1 mo. 15, 1741, writes to 
John Smith, then in the Barbadoes : " This is only to Inform thee 
that I Left thy father &c well yesterday at the Falls where we were 
met to Confirm the Agreem' between thy brother [Samuel 
Smith] & his sweetheart, they had a very rainy unpleasant day, yet 
the Prize he has taken will ballance that, She is really an agreeable 
girl & dont doubt they'll live happily together." (Y i 2. 7287. 
F 207 Ridgway Branch, Phila. Lib. Co. ) 

Samuel Smith early took part in local politics, serving as a mem- 
ber of New Jersey Council and Assembly. In 1768, he, his brother 
John, and Charles Read, were commissioned to take charge of the 
seals during the absence of Governor William Franklin in England, 
and in this capacity, he affixed his name to official documents. He 
was subsequently Treasurer of West Jersey. 

In 1765, he issued his History of New Jersey, which was the 
first general work on the subject and even yet the standard ; he 
made judicious use of material not now accessible. ( Cf. Winsor, 
America, III., 453-4.) In a sense, he was also the first historian 
of Pennsylvania, becoming the final compiler of the History of 
the Quakers in Pennsylvania, authorized by Philadelphia Yearly 
Meeting. The collection of the materials for this work was 
begun in later life by Caleb Pusey (1650-1726), of Chester, 
Provincial Councillor, who left his manuscripts to the Yearly 

30 Courtship of [1"^^^°- 

" both sentiment and conduct." ' He was a *' Gen- 
" erous, Good-natur'd Hospitable Man, a True 
** Patriot," says Dr. Franklin, in the Penna. Gaz.^ 

In 1736, John Smith, then a youth of fourteen, 
living at his father's house in Burlington, began to keep 
the diary set forth in these pages. The record was 
continued, with but few interruptions, for a period of 
fourteen years, but the entries made during the last 

Meeting. After passing through the hands of David Lloyd (1656- 
1731 ) and James Logan ( 1674-175 I ), the records came to John 
Kinsey (1693-1750), who made extended additions to them. 
At Kinsey' s death, Samuel Smith, at the request of the Yearly 
Meeting, undertook the work, and with the aid of his brother, 
John (Smith MSS., Ridgway Br. ), and the historical accounts 
sent up by the subordinate monthly and quarterly meetings, 
completed it, but it was not printed during his time. One part of 
the History was printed in Samuel Hazard's Register, 1828-1835 
(VL), and other parts in The Friend (Philadelphia, 1845-1846, 
XVOL, 364 ff., and XIX.) and in New Jersey Archives, but 
it has never been published in its entirety. The original manu- 
scripts are in the collections of the New Jersey Historical Society 
and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania ( Winsor, America, 
III., 507; Watson's Annals, ed. 1891, vol. I.j p. 74 n.; copy 
Smith Letters, 1752-3, Am 158, Hist. Soc. Pa.; Henkels' Cat. 
Proud Papers, sold 1903, p. 49). Robert Proud made large use 
of the manuscripts in his History of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 
1797-1798 (See Proud's Introduction). 

" In these several stations," says the Pennsyl-vania Gazelle, July 
17, 1776, Samuel Smith " acquitted himself with ability, integrity 
and an unblemished reputation." 

• History of New Jersey. ^ No. 1197, Nov. 21, 1 75 1. 

auction] Hannah Logan 3 1 

nine years, after his removal to Philadelptiia, in 1743, 
are of more importance, and it is with these entries 
that the printed diary begins, extracts from the earlier 
items being transferred to the Appendix, and parts of 
the later portion of lesser interest being omitted from 
the book. 

As the observations and experiences of a young 
man of delicate and refined sentiments, and of an 
intelligence and culture far above the average of his 
day, — living, moreover, in intimate relations with the 
Quaker governing class, at a time when but few diaries 
were kept in the colonies on the Delaware, — this narra- 
tive is an exceedingly interesting historical document, 
aside from its charm and value as a naive, and perfectly 
frank account intended only for the eye of its author. 

It not only conveys an agreeable impression of the 
courtship and marriage, and the daily doings of a youth 
of the time, but it gives a pleasant picture of general 
social and economic conditions in the Quaker colonies, 
especially in the quaint Quaker capital, then a small, 
but flourishing country town, on the shore of the Dela- 
ware. It affords an interesting personal view of nearly 
everybody of consequence in the Province, and of 
many notable visitors, and records for futurity many 
items and incidents worthy of preservation. It pre- 
sents Quaker social life, not all in ascetic drab and 

32 Courtship of [1"^^^°- 

gray, but also in many of its more attractive aspects — 
traveling and visiting, genial hospitality and quiet good 
living, dining and tea-drinking, fishing, and sliding, 
and skating, and other mild diversions. It throws 
much light upon the philanthropic and scientific and 
general cultural interests of the Province, and takes us 
into the simple but elegant Georgian town-houses and 
country-seats of the well-to-do merchant gentry. 

Furthermore, John Smith, even as a young man, was 
deeply and sincerely religious and an active and weighty 
member of the Friends, and his Diary is, therefore, 
invaluable as the unstudied record of the spiritual striv- 
ings and habits of thought and action of a typical Quaker 
at an important transitional period in the political history 
of Pennsylvania. The Quakers had dominated the 
social and political life of the Province for nearly three- 
quarters of a century, but now their regime was drawing 
to a close. The long contest between the ecclesiastic and 
the politician in the Quaker concerning the question of 
war and military defense was to result in victory for 
the former, and the year 1756 was to witness the 
voluntary withdrawal of the Quakers from the Assem- 
bly and from political power.' 

' Cf. President Isaac Sharpless's scholarly monograph on "A 
Quaker Experiment in Government." 

duction] Hannah Logan 33 

From the Diary we obtain the very human details 
of John Smith's life. He seems to have received a 
good education for the time, and appears very early to 
have acquired bookish tastes. At fourteen, he began 
the Diary, making a few brief entries and memoranda 
more or less commonplace. At sixteen, he was 
translating Latin and writing papers on <♦ A Meditation 
" in Prose " and verses on " Pure Love." He wrote 
many letters, and copied them as systematically as he 
did almost everything else. He also kept a common- 
place book, into which he copied extracts from his 
favorite books. 

Burlington * was on the route from Philadelphia to 
New York and New England, and the numerous 

' Burlington about this time is described in the letters of Gov- 
ernor Belcher : 

"Sept. 17, 1747. — This is a fine Climate and a Country of 
great Plenty tho' but of Little profit to a Governour. The in- 
habitants are generally rustick and without Education, ['* yet Civil 
and Courteous Sober and Honest. "] I am therefore attempts 
the building of a College [Princeton] in the Province for Instruct- 
ing the youth in the Principles of Religion in good Literature and 
Manners." (MS. Belcher Letter-book, Mass. Hist. Soc, VL, 


" Sept. 27, 1747. — I have a Small Collection of Books that I 
shall divert my Self with as the Publick affairs may allow. But I 
find I shall want in this place agreeable Conversation, for which 
I must now and then make an Excursion to the pretty City of 
Philadelphia 20 miles from hence — a fine Turnpike Road — and 

34 Courtship of [i^^'^o- 

travelers, especially the Quaker ministers, many 
from abroad, who were entertained in the Smith 
home, evidently greatly influenced the mind and char- 
acter of young John. As a mere boy, he read contro- 
versial Quaker books and accompanied ministers on 
religious visits to meetings and families. Of some 
of these ministers, he has left interesting descriptions 
of their appearance and manner of speaking (See 
Appendix). His life at Burlington in these early 
years was varied by local visiting and occasional trips 

there is a Number of Gentlemen of good Sense and Reading for 
America." (Ibid, VI., 42). 

"Oct. 2, 1747. — In this Town are only an Episcopal Congre- 
gation and two of Quakers, to Some of which I must go on 
Lords days or stay at home — and can you believe it ? Meat and 
all things are publickly sold here on the Lords day and this I am 
Indeavouring to reform." (Ibid, VI., 88.) 

"October 3, 1747. — I have seen several of the Principal 
Towns of this Government, and have not seen one that has in it 
200 dwelling houses, and after weighing all things I have pitcht 
upon this City (as call'd, tho' but a Village of 170 houses) for 
the Place of my Residence and have taken a house standing on the 
Banks of the Beautiful River Delaware and from my window I 
have a pleasant view up and down the River for 10 miles. I have 
a handsome garden of near an Acre Inclosed with a Brick Wall, 
a good Orchard of 6 Acres, & 60 Acres of Pasturing & mowS 
Land and these things may give me many Necessarys of Life for 
my Family as well as Support my horses. Cows, sheep and Poultry 
and when I am tired at my Library this Little Farm may be an 
Innocent Amusement as well as an Advantage to my Health." — 
(Ibid, VI., 92.) 

auction] Hannah Logan 35 

to Philadelphia to see relatives, and to attend Yearly 
Meeting, whence he would return laden with treasures 
from Benjamin Franklin's bookshop. A few journeys 
were also made to New York. 

He was a sturdy,' active young fellow, with a frank 
and pleasing personality that won him a large circle 
of friends among the best people. He seems to have 
been very gallant and attentive in escorting or 
"waiting on" the Quaker dames and maidens to 
meeting and other places. A glimpse of his apparel 
is obtained from a letter of his brother Samuel, who, 
in 1738, when John was visiting a cousin, William 
Callender, in Second Street, Philadelphia, sent him a 
box of "close," containing a pair of "Breeches," 
a " Duroy Coat," a " fustin Jacket" and two pairs 
of "fustin breeches," " i new hat," & " i Stock 
"& I handkerchief"^ On the important occasion 
of his first "passing meeting" he puts on "a new 
" suit of hair Camblet." Like William Penn and other 
good Quakers he looked carefully after his wigs. In 
1765 his brother-in-law, William Logan, sends him 
" two Wigs of the Colour thou generally wears. 
" They are too little for me." ' 

1 " Recollections " of his grandson, John Jay Smith. 
^ Letter, 4 mo. 6, 1738, Smith MSS. 
^ Am 158, Hist. Soc. Penna. 

36 Courtship of U^^''>- 

In 1741/ at the age of nineteen, he appears actively 
engaged in the West India Trade with his father, and 
in the Tenth month of that year, in order to enlarge 
his nautical and business experience, and to let him see 
something of the world, he was sent as supercargo in 
one of his father's vessels on a voyage of five months, 
to the Island of Barbadoes. The journal which he 
kept of this trip is printed in the Appendix. Curiously 
enough, this voyage was made just ten years previously 
to one made to the same place and at the same age by 
a Virginia contemporary, the youthful George Washing- 
ton, who also kept a journal ^ of his travels. 

In 1743, having reached his majority, John Smith 
goes to try his fortunes in Philadelphia, where he 
resided for the next thirteen years, carrying on, with 
various partners, a flourishing mercantile and shipping 
trade, and enjoying the company of a delightful society. 

At first he took lodgings with relatives, but soon 
set up an establishment of his own in a handsome 
house in the best part of the town. By the year 
1746 his business had become so profitable that he 

' Cf. William Nelson's admirable sketch of John Smith in New 
Jersey Archives, ist series, X., 231-232, footnote. 

^ See George Washington's Journal to the Island of Barbadoes, 
1751-1752. Edited by Dr. J. M. Toner, Albany, N. Y., 1892. 
Small 4to. 88 pp. 

auction] Hannah Logan 37 

notes with satisfaction a net gain of ^800 for the 
year, but hears next day that a Lancaster man who 
owes him ;^I50 had absconded. "Being likely to 
*' meet with so Considerable a Loss to-day," he 
moralizes, "after mentioning Gains yesterday, affords 
" Room for Reflection on the unstability of Terrestrial 

In this same year he buys a fine country estate with 
a brick mansion at Point-no-point, on the Delaware 
above the town, employs a gardener at ^30 per 
annum, and takes much delight in gardening. His 
enjoyment in this pleasant pursuit is shown in an entry 
of 1st month 9th, 1 747 : " Weather quite Agreeable. 
** Spent the day at my plantation, in planting pinks, 
** Sweet Williams, Filberts, Hazelnuts, Rose & Goose- 
" berrie Bushes. Had E. Cathrall's Company. The 
** first appearance of Greenness in the meadows, with 
** the Singing of Blackbirds, the Chirping of Blue-birds, 
"with the Voice of the Turtle, a little Moderate 
** Exercise, & a useful Book by turns all helped to 
**make this an Agreeable day." He dines with the 
celebrated John Bartram, American Botanist to the 
King, "who is very civil in showing his rarities of 
" sundry sorts." 

He is very sociable and hospitable at both his town 
and country house and entertains handsomely a wide 

38 Courtship of [intro- 

circle of friends, including the leading families of his 
day. His love of fast riding was a subject of concern 
with his father, who writes to him i mo. 2, 1747 : 
"I. Pemberton's horse is dead which I hope will 
" have Greater Effect on you to Convince you of 
" the Evil of riding so hard than what I said to 
♦' you." ^ In 1746, also, he and "several friends 
" of the Young Sort" formed a social club agreeing 
to meet at the Widow Evans's public house "once 
" a week to have a Supper." 

Thus did he follow his quiet pleasures, and even the 
occasional loss of a ship, captured by French privateers, 
did not divert his attention from his readings in Don 
Quixote, Pope, Shakespeare, Milton and the best con- 
temporary writers. Fielding's " Joseph Andrews " and 
"Tom Jones," the Spectator, Tatler, Dr. Sherlock's 
Treatise on Death are read with apparently equal interest, 
as they come over the sea. In 1747, he wrote for 
gratuitous distribution a little book, "The Doctrine 
" of Christianity, As held by the People called Quakers, 
" Vindicated : In Answer to Gilbert Tennent's Ser- 
" mon On The Lawfulness of War." 

He found time in i 746 to promote the organization 
of the Philadelphia Contributionship, one of the first 

'John Smith Corres., 1 740-1 770, Hist. Soc. Penna. 

auction] Hannah Logan 39 

fire insurance companies in the country, and helped 
found the Pennsylvania Hospital (1751). He was 
also prominent in Quaker meetings, serving for a time 
as clerk of Philadelphia Quarterly Meeting. He took 
a deep interest in politics, and in 1750 and again in 
1 75 1 was elected a member of the Pennsylvania 
Assembly. He was a trustee of the Library Company 
and a member of the American Philosophical Society. 

The romantic interest of the book centers in the 
pure, sweet story of the courtship. Confided to the 
diary with Pepysian frankness it possesses all the charm 
of fiction with the vividness and reality of truth. After 
young William Black's glowing description of the 
beautiful and stately Hannah Logan, it is not to 
be wondered that John Smith also should be smitten 
with her charms. 

His first recorded visit to the home of James 
Logan was early in 1743, but doubtless he had 
known the family some years before. " The 
'♦ Moment I saw thee," he writes to Hannah, " I 
•' Conceived a more than common Regard for thee." 
This feeling soon ripens into the tender passion, but 
long he fears to declare his love, "from a Conscious- 
•'ness of" being much her '♦ Inferiour in every 
"Respect," in her "Superior Accomplishments, and 

40 Courtship of [int^o- 

<' Station in Life." Should he be "so Unhappy as 
"not to Succeed" he "must Languish in Silent 
"Woe." Despairing of success "in the Entertain- 
" ment of that passion," he used his "utmost Efforts 
" to Conquer it," and " thought the likeliest way to do 
"it was to seek another object." He *' found one, 
"but a very small Acquaintance quite overset" his 
scheme. He " had been early . . . Tinctured 
"with Religious sentiments" and "knew a fair out- 
" side did not constitute happiness, and in short," he 
writes, " I saw but little else in that person." 

" Soon after," he quaintly declares in telling the story 
of his troubles at a later time to Hannah Logan, " I 
"had some opportunities of Converse where thou was 
" in Company, which much Enhanced my Esteem. I 
" plainly saw that thou[gh] the Cabinet was Exquisitely 
" framed, the mind lodged in it, far Excelled, and thus 
" renewed and strengthened my former Regard." Yet 
still he swayed between desire and doubt, but one day 
on a journey with his friend Michael Lightfoot ( 1683— 
1754), ^^^ Provincial Treasurer and an eminent 
Quaker minister, as they were "riding very seriously 
"together," Friend Lightfoot told him that he had 
found a wife for him. " I little Expected," writes 
John to Hannah, "that he or anybody Else would 
" have thought me a suitable match for her I had in 

Auction] Hannah Logan 41 

" View, but on mentioning thy name soon perceived 
" by the Confusion in my Countenance the scituation of 
** my thoughts — and added something to what he had 
•'said, that Affected me with some degree of hope." 

He is now continually seeing Hannah, '« the 
*' Charmer," in the City at the houses of her relatives, 
the Pembertons and Logans. The tea she pours for 
him is ♦' Nectar and Ambrosia." At a wedding din- 
ner he is ** sufficiently Roasted about remaining single," 
but after ♦* being pestered with" such •' Imperti- 
** nence " he spends the evening happily (2 mo, 10, 
1747) at William Logan's <* with that dear Creature 
*' H. L., the Charm of whose Conversation Excells, 
"if possible, those of her person. Her discourse 
*' seemed more agreeable than common this Even^. 
*• . . . Oh, could I be Blest with the favour 
•• of Retiring to it upon every occasion — 

" Soft Source of Comfort, kind Relief from Care, 
" And 'tis her least Perfection to be fair." 

In the autumn of i 747 he hears that Hannah Logan 
is to be in Burlington on her way from the Yearly 
Meeting at Shrewsbury to attend Evesham Meeting. 
He is **in a most uneasy disposition of mind," he 
writes in his journal, "having an eager Inclination to 
"go to Burlington to meet the friends from Shrews- 
-" bury, & was afraid to do it, Least it should disoblige 

42 Courtship of H"^''"- 

" my dearest Hannah, who I expected would be 
" among them. These different passions contested so 
" Long that thev Actually made me sick. However, 
" Love prevailed, and I privately went. They got 
"to Burlington soon after I did. — I met H. at my 
*' Brother's. Had but Httle of her Company, thought 
** she did not like my coming. Oh Racking thought ! " 

The next day Hannah Logan " dined with her 
♦'friends at my Father's. I was Exceedingly pleased 
* * to See her there, and yet Trembled Least it was not 
*• a pleasure to her to be there. What pain is there in 
•* a state of doubt and uncertainty ! They set out 
** after dinner for Mount Holly, and I waited upon 
**them. . . . Jane & Hannah Lodged at 
*• B. Bispham's, as I also did." 

During the night " there fell abundance of Rain, 
*' and the morning being likewise very rainy & an E. 
** Storm, I sent a man to Burlington to Beg the Loan 
••of Governour [Belcher's] 4 wheeP Chaise, which 
••he readily sent. I wrote to him upon it, and to 
•• My Dear Father by the same optunity, wherein I 
••told him, among other things, that the Health of 
•* what is dearer to me than Life occasioned my taking 
••that Step, Scc"^. About 10 o'clock the Chaise came 
•* & Jane & Hannah riding in it." 

This favor from Governor Belcher John was enabled 
to return in October, 1748, when he brought over on 
one of his own ships the Governor's intended bride. 

auction] Hannah Logan 43 

and on her arrival ' in Philadelphia procured a four- 
oared barge and transported her up the river to Bur- 

"We got in pretty good time to Evesham 
•* meeting," John continues; *' we dined at the wid° 
" Evans's, and after dinner Rode to Eliz' Estaugh's, 
" ... The good widow received us kindly, 
" but the pleasure that I should otherwise have had in 
"the Evening's Conversation was Lost by dear 
" Hannah's having got a pain in her head, which I 
" thought occasioned by riding too far today." 

Finally, after these long delays he plucks up courage 
and "makes proposals of waiting upon her at home & 
"of Asking her parents' Consent if such attention was 
" not Absolutely Disagreeable to her. I was in a good 
" deal of Confusion, but her Good Nature Bore with 
it, without Endeavouring to Encrease it. And Though 
" I could not perceive that she was willing I should 
"take that Step, she Consented to receive" a letter 
from " me upon my promising not to take that for 
" any Encouragement. . . . Many were the 

^ Shortly after the arrival of this lady, Richard Smith wrote to 
his son John ( 7 mo. 5th, 1748 ) : 

" Such is the power of matrimonial thoughts even in 67 years 
of age. Under a fit of Illness his [the Governor's] feavour has 
seemingly left him, if this matrimonial affair don't throw him Into 
another. I am in hopes it will soon cure him, which I heartily 
wish, and that he may Injoy the Delights he promises himself, 
for he has been telling me a great deale of the Inconvenience of 
a single life, like one fond of a change." (John Smith Cor- 
respondence, Am 158, Hist. Soc. Penna.) 

44 Courtship of U^^'""- 

*' Revolving thoughts with which my mind was 
** Crowded after this Conversation, & yet upon the 
*' whole I found my Affection Encreased by her Gen- 
"erous behaviour & was thankful for the opportunity 
"I had of so much Conversation with her. I pray 
** God to pour down his Choicest Blessings upon her 
" head." ^ 

On the following day (12 mo. 5, 1747), he wrote 
a long letter to her in which he told his " mind very 
"fully — the Grounds upon which" he formed his 
"unalterable Resolution of having her if possible — 
** and as there was some difficulty whether my waiting 
*'upon her parents would be disagreeable or not." 

Two weeks later (12 mo. 21, 1747) he rode to 
Stenton, but his thoughts are " disturbed with pain & 
*' Anxiety Least this Visit should be disagreeable. 
*♦ Was, however. Courteously received, but I thought 
** my fr'* Hannah was not very well pleased with it, 
** which quite damped my Spirits. James told me he 
*' was Glad to see me, & had frequently Expostulated 
" with his Sons for not bringing me oftener. 
** Had very little time alone with Hannah. Apolo- 

' John's father tries to do what little he can to smooth the way of 
the son's wooing. In 1747 he sends a small box of apples, Spit- 
zenbergs and Newtown and Newark pippins, of his own grafting, to 
James Pemberton in Philadelphia, with the request that some of 
the Newark pippins, a "long yallow apple," be sent to Hannah 
Logan ; " and in 1748, as the courting prospers, begs to present 
his future daughter-in-law with a four-wheeled chaise. — Letter 
dated Burlington, I mo. 22, 1747, Pemberton Papers, Hist. Soc. 

auction] Hannah Logan 45 

" gized for my Visit by saying it was difficult for me 
"to [be] absent from her." He remained over 
night, but in the morning Hannah, to his grief, was 
unwell, for he ' ' had intended to Ask her father & 
" mother's Consent to make free with the house. . . . 
*' Her father took me into his Library, & took a great 
" deal of pains to Entertain me there, but my thoughts 
*• were so fixed & Intent about his daughter that much 
"of it was lost," and he soon sorrowfully took his 

He sees " Hannah [in the city] going home alone 
" in the Chaise," but knowing " her fears of being 
♦• talked of," dares not " Venture to wait upon her." 

For the next eight months John is kept in suspense, 
alternating between hope and fear. The truth of the 
situation seems to be that Hannah was beset by 
•♦ divers considerable offers," but she would have 
none of them. She had even "refused Thomas 
" Crosby, nephew of Josh Crosby, a wealthy & 
*' valuable man from Jamaica, who," as her father 
informs Thomas Penn, "offered me ^10,000 down 
" with him, and more at his death, and as the man 
♦♦was himself likely in his person, & no way to be 
" found fault I should have been content she had 
" accepted him, but she had her own objections." ' 

iSmith MSS.,Yi2. 7289, F 128. Vol. III., 1747-1751. 
Ridgway Branch, Philadelphia Library Company. 

46 Courtship of [i"^^"- 

She was determined upon a single life. Although a 
very attractive and charming girl she engaged much in 
religious introspection, and feared that marriage would 
conflict with her spiritual growth.* How well she carried 
out her plan of life and withstood the ardent wooing 
of the tactful and persistent young John Smith is now 
to be seen. 

John loses " a great part of the relish " he *' used 
**to have for other company," and becomes a very 
frequent visitor at Stenton. On i mo. 9, 1748, he 
' takes a ride to Germantown, under pretence of get- 
' ting some Cyons, but really upon more Important 
' business. Called at Stenton ; found Company 
' there, who soon departed. I intended to stay all 

* night, and accordingly did so. Had an opportunity 
' of Telling my mind to James & his wife separately. 
' They treated me Civilly, referring me Entirely to 

* their daughter, and the Old Gentleman told me if I 

< was her Choice, he would give his Consent &c''. I 

< had some of the dear Creature's Company, but our 

* Conversation was so much of the Ambiguous kind, 
' that after a Loving & friendly parting I retired to 

* Bed full of Doubt & perplexity, & Got but little 

* Sleep. In how much pain is a situation between 

* hope and Despair. 

In a letter of the next day (i mo. loth, 1748) he 
tells her that his unhappy doubt so possesses him that 

1 Memorial of her life, written by John Smith in 1762. 

auction] Hannah Logan 47 

he "can scarcely Talk Common Sence," and that it 
" was not therefore without Reason that I told thee a 
•' man in Love was the Silliest Creature in the 
" Universe." 

A month then passes. One morning, feeling very 
unwell, " thought perhaps the sight of my dear Han- 
'< nah might be so like to cure me as anything else, 
" wherefore I went to ... . Stenton, where 
" I was very agreeably Entertained. Had in the Even 
"my Charmer's Company till lo o'clock, and it was 
"more delightful to me than Ever, and gave me 
•* greater grounds of hope than I durst before Enter- 
" tain, and the Old Gentleman treated me in a very 
" Generous manner," and, as by his own experience, 
it will be remembered, he was very well able, advised 
"me how to Court, to have perseverance &c*, and 
** acquainting me that he had said more to his daughter 
"on my behalf than he had ever done on Tho. 
" Crosby's, though he was to have ^20,000. 

John returns "home in a Composed, Serene frame 
"of mind," and is very grateful to a higher power for 
the favorable aspect of his suit. As the weeks go by 
he has "a great deal of Conversation with" his 
"friend Hannah of the most solid & imposing kind," 
but she is still "very much undetermined in her senti- 
" ments ; however patience & Resignation is" his 
" best fortress, and Hope " his " only Comfort." He 
has a great deal of conversation " with the Old Gen- 
" tleman her father," concerning " my Circumstances, 

48 Courtship of [i"^^°- 

" and I told him I was worth about 3000 pound clear 
" Estate. He repeated his willingness to my having 
" his daughter, and told me if I got her he would give 
" me his Bills on his Brother for ^7S° Sterling that she 
•*had already 500 acres of Land of her own, would 
"have Two thousand pound more at his death, and 
** One thousand more at her Mother's. He desired 
" me to acquaint him when I had any Grounds to hope, 
** because he found himself declining, had a mind to 
** Settle his Affairs, and would make me an Executor." 

Hannah begins to show more favorable signs of 
weakening; "had my dear Hannah's Company till 
"near 10, and Enjoyed in it a sweet sense of pure 
'* Love which united us nearly together, and opened a 
"free & familiar Conversation." Her "principal 
" Objections against Accepting of my proposals " are 
removed, and she is " freer & easier to Condescend — 
"for so I may truly call it — to become mine," and 
John is jubilant. But three weeks barely pass when 
he is again sunk into a melancholy by Hannah's 
determination to put off the affair entirely and to receive 
fewer visits. 

It is not until 5 mo. 26, 1748, that he has 
finally " the fullest Assurances of a Reciprocal Love & 
" Tenderness. Our conversation was in boundless 
" Confidence, and with the most perfect Harmony our 
" Souls seem'd entirely knit and united together, and 

duction] Hannah Logan 49 

*♦ we jountly breathed that the Eternal One might 
" bless us in a sacred and indissoluble tye, & might 
•* make us one another's Joy in him." 

On 6 mo. 1 2th the scene of the love-making 
changes to the Falls of the Schuylkill, to which 
the Logans go on an angling excursion. As soon as 
John learns of it, he follows them and finds <' Hannah 
«' fishing at some distance from the rest of the com- 
'♦ pany, so that " he '* had an opportunity to make an 
"Apology for" his "coming — which was very 
"generously received, and" he "had the pleasantest 
" day in fishing that " ever he " Employed that way." 
" Waited as much as I was capable upon my Hannah 
" & her mother & we caught some fish, part of w"*" the 
" Old Gentlewoman & Jemmy took home with them 
"to dinner," while the others remained for the after- 
noon and " Caught enough to take to Stenton for 
" supper." 

The courtship was now so well advanced that John 
urged that the proposals of marriage be brought before 
the Quaker Monthly Meeting, but a new obstacle, 
mysterious to him, had arisen, and innumerable delays 
occur. The " Old Gentleman," formerly so favorable 
to the marriage, " now pretends to be sorry that he has 
"given his consent," and refuses to explain the 
change in his sentiments. The situation is thus com- 

50 Courtship of [1"^^°- 

plicated by Isaac Norris (i 701-1766), Speaker of the 
Assembly, a man of high standing, and next to 
Richard Peters, according to Logan's estimate, the 
most learned man in Philadelphia. He had come to 
his father-in-law, 3 mo. (May) 25th, 1748, and asked 
the hand of Hannah Logan for his younger brother, 
Charles Norris.^ John Smith, however, says Logan, in 
writing^ of the aiFair to John Kinsey, "full 10 
"weeks before had made his way good " and "the 
"younger brother" had "never made the least 
"appearance of a Suitor to any one of our family." 
The Norris alliance being declined, Isaac Norris 
went away deeply offended, and to the regret of the 

1 Charles Norris (171 2- 1766), son of Isaac Norris and brother 
of Isaac Norris, Speaker of the Assembly, was a prominent and 
wealthy merchant of Philadelphia. He was a manager of the 
Pennsylvania Hospital, a trustee of the General Loan Office of the 
Province. He built a handsome house where the Custom House 
now stands. He married, first, Margaret, daughter of Dr. 
Rodman, of Bucks County, and secondly, in 1759, Maryj 
daughter of Joseph Parker, of Chester. " Charles Norris is 
married to Polly Parker," notes Hannah Callender in her Diary 
[Penna. Mag., XII., 447), 6 mo., 1759, " — a great deal of 
money on both sides." His only child was the celebrated Mrs. 
Deborah Logan, wife of Dr. George Logan, of Stenton. — Keith, 

^Letter, dated 7 mo. 19th, 1749, owned by Mrs. Charles W. 
Howland, of Wilmington, Delaware. 

Charles Norris 

auction] Hannah Logan 5 1 

Logan family was ever after estranged from them/ 
and from John Smith in particular.^ 

Finally, at the age of twenty-six, John's long- 
cherished hopes are to be realized. All objections to 
the nuptials are removed, and the prolonged proposals 
of marriage begin. 8 mo. 28th, 1748, the young cou- 
ple set out for Philadelphia to declare their intentions 
before the Monthly Meeting, " Sarah & Hannah," 
writes John, riding "in the Chaise & I on horseback. 

^ Letters of William Logan to John Smith, one of 3 mo. 28, 
1758 (Y i 2, 7291, F 66, Ridgway Branch), and another about 
1765 (Am 158, Hist. Soc. Penna. ). 

' Although John went himself to Fairhill to invite Isaac Norris 
to the wedding, he was not received, and the Norrises failed to 
attend the marriage. The gossip of the town concerning the 
affair is given in a letter of John's business partner, Abel James, 
who writes 10 mo. 25, 1748, to James Pemberton, then in 
London : 

" As I don't doubt but that thou will be inform'd by others of 
John Smith's marriage I need not be particular as to the time &c 
when it was — But yet remembering the freedom I did use to take 
with thee, I can't help Relating a Singular piece of usage He met 
with from Isaac Norris — to wit — a few Days before the Marriage 
Day, He went to fair hill, and on asking for I: N:, the Servant 
told him that her M'' was in the Green House, on w'^'' J. S. told 
her to tell him that tiiere was a Person that wanted to Speak with 
him, on w'='' She went, & (She not knoing who the person was) 
bro' word that her M' was coming presently, but immediately his 
Eldest Daughter came into the Room, & finding Johnny's Errand 
Ran Chearfully & Innocently to her father and presently return 'd & 
told him that her Dady Said it was well enough, which however 
odd as it was did not prevent his waiting near half an hour longer, 
when appeared the Elderly maid thou had the pleasure of Saluting 
at thy Uncle Logan's in Company with her Cousin Harrison (I 
mean Molly Lloyd) — To whom he, humble waiter, again resum'd 
Courage to ask for I. N. & told her that he had been waiting half 

52 Courtship of L^"^'^^- 

* ' James [Logan] gave me his consent in writing to 
"the Mo: meeting & my father & S[arah] Logan 
" gave theirs verbally. . . . They went directly 
" to meeting; I changed my Cloathes, & put on anew 
** suit of hair Camblet, then with my father & partner 
" went also ... In passing [meeting] we were 
" preserved in a good degree of Calmness ; some 
" friends thought I spoke too loud, hut everybody 

an hour, Since the first messenger bro't him word that he might 
directly Speak with Isaac Norris, and He Should take it kind to 
Let him know that He yet was waiting to Speak with him, and 
that an Opportunity to do it would greatly oblige him. But She 
presently return' d with this Message — ' That her Cousin had Sent 
his answer by his Child and that he had not more to say,' and that 
He did not Ciioose to be Spoke with. Tlien John Pray'd he might 
have the favour to Speak with Betty — to w'''' (after the Message 
was Delivered) he had for Answer that ' She had Had a fever the 
Day before and could not come down Stairs.' Thou may Judge in 
which Confusion our Frd. Johnny was in to have Such Answers 
and to be Oblig'd to Leave his Business with any body but the 
Persons themselves that lie was to Invite. Plowever, he was forced 
to bear the Mortification — and the Family ar.otlier the Day after 
the Marriage, when thy Uncle & Aunt sent their Chaise Attended 
by a Messenger to wait on the Children and to Desire that they 
might come to See them — but they were Denied and the Chaise 
Sent back as Empty as it came. To the last Relation I was in 
part an Eye witness, and may Say with great Truth it was a disa- 
greeable Sight to See & hear the person give their account to Tliy 
Uncle, Aunt &c that the cliildren could not come & no good 
Reason why. Thou may easily think the Different Effect it had 
on the Different Dispositions of the persons concern'd. In fine, it 
has made a family Uneasiness (tho' not a Family Difference, owing 
to the good Disposition of one of them), and a Town Talk at a 
time of the Year when we want Topicks to Talk on. 

" I'll take leave of that Affair, and Shall Add that it promises 
to bear happy union to themselves, and appears to be agreeable to 
all their Friends and Relations, Except the above." (Pemberton 
Papers, Hist. Soc. Pa. ) 

duction] Hannah Logan 53 

*' agreed that Hannah spoke as well as could be." 
■"John began manfully," writes Israel Pemberton, Jr./ 
*' but found the Last word approbation hard to express, 
«<w°'' I tell him is because he's too proud now he has 
"her Consent to ask ours." "Then," says John, 
" My father & many more of us dined & supped at 
" Wm. Logan's, where we were handsomely 
*' entertained." 

The second "passing of meeting " occurred 9 mo. 
26th, both young people speaking " distinctly and 
"Intelligibly." "John Smith is in high Spirits," 
writes William Logan, ^ "he passed the Last Meeting 
"and Seems to think of nothing but marrying." 

The wedding day at last arrives, 10 mo. 7, 1748. 
*' All the Compy that we Expected, Except Isa : 
" Norris," and several "not Invited," so " Com- 
" plaisant as to come from town," assembled in the 
Friends* Meeting-house in Germantown and " the s'' 
"John Smith," as the marriage certificate reads, 
*' taking the s'' Hannah Logan by the hand did in 
*' solemn Manner openly declare that he took her" 
to be his wife, " promising through the Lord's assist- 
" ance to be unto her a loving & faithful husband untill 
" Death should separate them. And then & there in 
*' the same assembly the s* Hannah Logan did in like 

1 8 mo. 28th, to his brother James, in London. 
- 9 mo. 21, 1748, to his cousin, James Pemberton, then in 
London. ( Smith MSS. ) 

54 Courtship of [i"^^°- 

♦' manner declare that she took him, the s"* John Smith 
"to be her husband, promising through the Lord's 
<♦ assistance to be unto him a faithful & loving wife 
"untill death should separate them." " We Solem- 
" nized our marriage," says John, "in an awful and 
" Intelligible manner " ; and " behaved with a Graceful 
" becoming manner," writes Mary Pemberton,' " and 
"Johnny is not a Little Pleased." "Then," John 
continues, "had our friends Company" at Stenton 
" & the Entertainment was very agreeable," and 
" Several of our agreeable friends staid " all night. 

For the next few days the bride and groom remain 
at Stenton, receiving calls of congratulation from 
Benjamin Franklin, Edward Shippen, Richard Peters, 
and other friends. Then they take up their abode in 
John's house in the city. " Johny Smith & Coz. 
" Hannah (His Wife) Came home yesterday week," 
John Pemberton informs his brother James, in London 
(lo mo. 24, 1748), and " Coz Hannah Seems well 
" pleased with her Companion." John declares his 
new wife " to be the most amiable of the human race, 
" in my Esteem at least." ' 

In 1756 John retired from active business and re- 
turned to Burlington, occupying the home built by his 

' 10 mo. 12th, to her brother-in-law, James Pemberton. 
'Letter, 10 mo. 23, 1748, to James Pemberton. 

duction] Hannah Logan 55 

father in 1720.^ In this same year, at Burlington, 
Hannah Smith became a minister of the meeting and 
sought to shut out from her mind all worldly vanities, 
reflising to ride in the <• four wheel'd Chaise " with its 
" Driver & horses," ^ evidently preferring the more 
democratic mode of horseback riding. She even 
threatened to destroy her portrait if her brother Wil- 
liam sent it from Stenton. She died at Burlington 
I mo. 15, 1762, aged forty-two. "In the relation 
" of Child, Wife and Mother," says her husband, 
♦* she was tenderly and anxiously careful to fill her 

John was a subscriber to " The New Jersey Asso- 
ciation for Helping the Indians," in 1757.^ He was 
appointed, December 12th, 1753, ^ member of the 
King's Council for New Jersey on recommendation of 
Governor Belcher.* In June, 1761, he was named 
one of the Commissioners to Try Pirates,^ and in 

1 " I have for divers considerations declined Trade," and " I am 
about moving with my family to a small Paternal Estate I have at 
Burlington, a little City about 20 miles higher up Delaware." 
(Letter of John Smith, dated Philadelphia, 2 mo. 28, 1756, to 
his wife's uncle. Dr. William Logan, of Bristol, England.) 

^Letter, 11 mo., 1758, William Logan to John Smith. (Am 
158, Hist. Soc. Penna.) 

' N. J. Hist. Soc. Proceedings, Jan., 1875. 

^ N. J. Archives, IX., 127,151, 153. 

Mbid, 284. 

56 Courtship of [1"^^°- 

1768, he and his brother Samuel, and Charles Read, 
were commissioned to take charge of the Seals of the 
Province of New Jersey, during the absence of Gov- 
ernor William Franklin in England. 

It is related in the '♦ Burlington Smiths " that Gov- 
ernor Franklin, having for sale his country place at 
Burlington, with its herd of one hundred deer, the 
bellman going about the streets of the town very 
early in the morning disturbed John Smith, whose 
health had become impaired so that sleep was a rare 
pleasure to him. Putting his head out the window, 
John asked what was for sale. "The Governor's 
Park," was the reply. ** Put up your bell and go 
"home, and I will buy the property at the owner's 
"price," exclaimed the Councillor, as he closed his 
window and tried to resume his 
disturbed slumbers. Such is the 
story of his purchase of this fine 

He died, March 26, 1 77 1 , in 
his forty-ninth year. " He was 
" one of my most valuable & old- 
•*est acquaintances," writes 


James remberton, 3 mo. 20, ■' 
1 77 1. " We contracted an intimate fFriendship in our 
*• Early youth, which has ever remained inviolate, & 
" uninterrupted .... I knew him to be capable of 

< (JI'VKKillT, 1904 

Silhouette of John Smith, 1763 
Aged 41 

auction] Hannah Logan 57 

*• the strictest fFriendship, of the greatest Integrity, 
*• blessed with a Sound Judgment, & understanding, 
"which with his many amiable qualifications rendered 
"him a useful & honourable member of Society." 
Robert Proud says of him : " He was engaging, 
♦♦open, friendly and undesigning in his address and 
*' behaviour ; of a cheerful and benevolent disposition of 
" mind ; well skilled in the laws of his country ; 
"and very ready, generous and serviceable, in giving 
*♦ his advice and assistance. In his religious character 
"he exhibited an excellent example of true practical 
" Christianity, free from all affectation and narrowness 
"of mind. He was, in several relations, one of the 
*' best of neighbours and of men." ^ And his brother, 
Samuel Smith, ^ writes thus feelingly of him : " He 
" was, in every conjugal relation, aiFectionately ten- 
" der ; a fond father, an indulgent master; he was 
"more. But I must stop — he was — my brother, 
*♦ my most intimate friend and companion ! I lost all 
*♦ that could be lost in those relations." 

John and Hannah (Logan) Smith had four children, 
as follows : 

I. Sarah Logan Smith ( 1 749-1 769 ) married William Dillwyn 
( 1 743-1 824), of Philadelphia, an eminent Quaker minister, son 
of John Dillwyn, of Philadelphia, by his wife, Susanna Painter, a 
granddaughter of Caleb Pusey, of Chester. They had one daughter, 
Susanna (1769-1819), who married Samuel Emlen, a Quaker 

' History of Pennsylvania, II., 233. 
- Burlington Smiths, 165. 

58 Courtship of [1"^^°- 

minister, of "West Hill," Burlington County, New Jersey, but 
left no issue. 

II. James Smith (1750-1833), merchant, of Burlington 
County, New Jersey, nnarried Esther Heulings, daughter of William 
Heulings, of Burlington, and had eight children : ( i ) Hannah 
(m. Henry S. Drinker, of Philadelphia ) 5 (2) Sarah Logan 
(m. Hugh Roberts, of Philadelphia); (3) John J. (m. Mary 
Roberts); (4) Charles Logan ( d. s. p. ) ; (5) Abigail Bowne 
( m. John Drinker) ; (6) Elizabeth (m. Mordecai Lewis, mer- 
chant, of Philadelphia); (7) Susanna Dillwyn ( m. Samuel 
Allinson); (8) James Logan (m. ist, Elizabeth Alden, and 2d, 
Mary Couper, daughter of Dr. James Couper. This branch of 
the family is seated at New Castle, Delaware. ) 

III. Hannah Smith (b. 1753), married John Cox, Jr., of 
" Oxmead," Burlington County, New Jersey, and had a daughter, 
Hannah, who married George Davis, M.D., of Otsego, New York. 

IV. John Smith ( 1 761-1803 ), of " Green Hill," near Bur- 
lington, married Gulielma Maria Morris (i 766-1 826), daughter of 
William Morris (by his wife, Margaret,' daughter of Dr. Richard 
and Deborah Hill), son of John Morris, and grandson of Anthony 
Morris, the immigrant. They had five children: (l) Margaret 
Hill (m. Samuel Hilles, of Wilmington, Delaware, and had 
children : Gulielma Maria, of Wilmington, widow of Charles W. 
Howland, of New Bedford, Mass., William, Samuel and John); 
(2) Richard M. (m. Susanna Collins, daughter of Isaac Collins, 
the artist); (3) Rachel (m. George Stewardson, merchant, of 
Philadelphia, and had among other children the late Thomas 
Stewardson, of Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia); (4) John Jay Smith 
(1798-1881), of "Ivy Lodge," Germantown, for many years 
Librarian of the Philadelphia Library Company, and editor and 
author of many works (m. Rachel C, daughter of Robert Pearsall, 
of Flushing, New York. Children : Lloyd Pearsall Smith, 1822- 

' Margaret (Hill) Morris (1 737-1816) has left an interesting 
diary of her experiences at Burlington during the Revolution. — 
See Letters of Dr. Richard Hill, by John Jay Smith. 

^^M;i f^^ ^ ^/{,,.Mf, _ ^4.^, ,^^ ^^,^ ,- 
t'a^ /Yc.j (^0 'cCo. /< .^ 

4^^2/7 /*tc 'Uicttr CL<.ie^*H4 fiCj^,^, ,ut Mr ^-^ ' 

^KOuiJL Vox. ^i&^-Cch i\C^t(^ii.Cc^^<s<^(fOt^<^y 
^^ ^ //i^iuTc t!te'ici J/OAc lAirrwi < J •«'■■ '^■^^-''t^ 

Page of John Smith's Diary 

Photographed from ihe original manuscript 

auction] Hannah Logan 59 

1886, Librarian of the Philadelphia Library Company; Albanus ; 
Elizabeth Fearsall Smith, now of " Ivy Lodge Cottage," German- 
town J Horace J. Smith, now of Birmingham, England ; Robert 
Fearsall Smith, whose widow, Hannah Whitall Smith, an author 
of religious works, resides in London, and whose daughter Alys 
Whitall Pearsall Smith, married the Honorable Bertrand Russell, 
grandson of Lord John Russell); (5) Morris Smith (m. Caroline 
M. Smith. A son, Richard Morris Smith, compiled the " Bur- 
lington Smiths " ). ^ 

The Diary, which is written in thin little dark paper- 
backed volumes, eight in number, but formerly eleven, 
is printed, with the exception of some changes in 
punctuation for the sake of clearness, just as it is in the 
original. The writing, on linen paper yellowed by 
time, is well preserved, and the manuscripts are in 
good condition. The handwriting is almost as clear and 
legible as copper-plate. Seven of these little books, 
(I., III., IV., v., IX., X., XI.), varying in size from 
4 X 6 to 6x8 inches, are in the Ridgway Branch of 
the Philadelphia Library Company, to which they were 
presented by the family of John Smith's grandson, the 
late John Jay Smith. Another volume (VI.), with 
a modern copy of a large part of the whole Diary, 
and other treasured family relics and papers, are in the 
possession of John Jay Smith's daughter. Miss Eliza- 
beth Pearsall Smith, of "Ivy Lodge Cottage," Ger- 

^ Charles P. Keith, Provincial Councillors, 27 ff, passim. 

6o Courtship of U""^'^- 

mantown, to whom I am much indebted for kindness in 
giving me access to her collections. For the three 
missing volumes (II.,VII., VIII. ), covering the periods 
9 mo. 25, I 745, to 10 mo. 3 i, 1746, and 10 mo. 12, 

1748, to 10 mo. 19, 1749, I ^s^d the extracts given 
in R. Morris Smith's The Burlington Smiths, a rare 
privately-printed work, issued at Philadelphia, 1877. 
Other sources have been the Smith MSS. (1660- 
1855), a voluminous mass of correspondence and the 
like, of great historical value, presented to the Ridgway 
Branch, along with the Diary, by the family of 
the late John Jay Smith. Some extracts from John 
Smith's letters (1740- 1770) in this collection, made 
by the late Thomas Stewardson, of Chestnut Hill, 
Philadelphia, are in the Library of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania (Am 158). Mrs. Charles 
W. Howland, ot Wilmington, Delaware, has a con- 
siderable collection of papers and relics of her Logan 
and Smith ancestors, and she has most kindly permitted 
me to use them. Three large manuscript volumes of 
memorials of deceased Friends, written by John Smith, 
now owned by Haverford College, are deposited at 
Friends' Library, Sixteenth Street, Philadelphia. The 
great collection of Pemberton Papers at the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania, as well as many other manu- 
scripts, have also been laid under contribution. 

auction] Hannah Logan 6i 

In conclusion, it is a pleasure to express my thanks 
to the many persons from whom I have received 
courtesies in the execution of this work ; among others, 
to Miss Elizabeth Pearsall Smith, Mrs, Albanus Logan 
Smith, Mr. Charles J. Wister, Mr. Albanus C. Logan, 
Miss Maria Dickinson Logan, Mrs. Samuel Chew, 
of *• Cliveden," and Miss Anne H. Cresson, of 
Germantown ; to Mrs. Jane A. C. Luxmoore, of 
Weybridge, England ; to Mr. Horace J. Smith, of 
Birmingham, England ; to Mrs. Charles W. Rowland 
and Mr. Howard Pyle, of Wilmington, Delaware. 

To Mrs. Herbert A. Claiborne and Mr. Robert A. 
Brock, of Richmond, Virginia; to Dr. Samuel Abbott 
Green, of the Massachusetts Historical Society ; to 
Dr. Reuben Gold Thwaites, of the Wisconsin 
Historical Society, and Miss Edith K. Lyle, of 
Madison, Wisconsin ; to Mrs. Edward Minot Shelton, 
of Burlington, Iowa ; to Mrs. Amelia Mott Gummere, 
of Haverford, Pennsylvania ; to Mr. Rowland J. 
Dutton and Miss Margaret Gummere, of Burlington, 
New Jersey ; to Mrs. John T. Myers and the Misses 
Georgia C, Edith C. and E. Mae Myers, of Kennett 
Square, Pennsylvania ; to Mr. Gilbert Cope, of West 
Chester, Pennsylvania ; to Professor Arthur Beardsley, 
Professor George A. Hoadley, and Professor John 
Russell Hayes, of Swarthmore College ; to Dr. John 

62 Hannah Logan 

W. Jordan, Miss May Atherton Leach, Mr. Gregory 
B. Keene, and Miss Jennie C. Wylie, of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania ; to Mr. Bunford Samuel, of 
the Ridgway Branch of the Philadelphia Library Com- 
pany, and to Mr. George M. Abbott and Miss Elisabeth 
McClellan, of the Philadelphia Library Company ; to 
President Isaac Sharpless, of Haverford College ; to 
Friends' Library, Sixteenth Street, Philadelphia. 

To the Honorable Samuel Whitaker Pennypacker, 
Governor of Pennsylvania and President of the His- 
torical Society of Pennsylvania ; and to Mr. William 
f Brooke Rawle, Mr. Henry Pemberton, the late Mr. 
Edward Shippen, of Walnut Street, Dr. Edward 
Shippen, U. S. N., Dr. Charles E. Cadwalader, Dr. 
S.Weir Mitchell, Mr. Edward S. Willing, Mr. Thomas 
Willing Balch, Mr. Travis Cochran, Mr. Charles P. 
Keith, Mr. George Harrison Fisher, Dr. Henry M. 
Fisher, Mr. Charles Henry Hart, Mr. Joseph M. 
Fox, and Mr. Richard Peters, Jr., of Philadelphia. 
Albert Cook Myers. 

Kennett Stjuare, Penmyl-variia, 

December j, igo^.. 



Introduction 5 

List of Illustrations 63 

John Smith's Diary : 

I. — A Youthful Merchant 65 

II. — Courtship 85 

III.— Marriage 249 

IV. — Later Years 263 

&.PPENDIX , 325 

Extracts from the Earlier Parts of John Smith's 
Diary : 

A Voyage to Barbadoes 3^^ 

A Journey to New York 33 5 

Miscellaneous Extracts 33" 

Letter, John Smith to Hannah Logan, 1748 . . 34" 

Letter, John Smith to James Pemberton, 1749 . 34^ 
Inventory of John and Hannah Smith's Shake of 

James Logan's Personal Effects at Stenton . 349 

Index 35^ 


Iron Fireback, Inscribed "J. L., 1728," Title-page 

In fireplace, North Parlor, Stenton. 

Stenton Frontispiece 

James Logan's mansion, built in 1728. Still standing 
in good preservation, near Wayne Junction, on the 
Philadelphia and Reading Railway, between Philadel- 
phia and Germantown. Owned by descendants, 
Albanus C. Logan, Esquire, and his sister. Miss Maria 
Dickinson Logan, of" Loudoun," Germantown. Now 
in the care of the Pennsylvania Society of the Colonial 
Dames of America. 

Heading. — Cavalcade Approaching Stenton, 5 
Pages from William Black's Diary .... 6 

Photographed from the original manuscript in possession 
of Mrs. Herbert A. Claiborne, of Richmond, Virginia. 

Portrait of Sarah Logan (171 5-1744) . . 9 
Daughter of James Logan and wife of Isaac Norris 
(1 701-1766), Speaker of the Pennsylvania Assembly. 
From the original portrait in possession of a descendant, 
Mrs. Jane C. A. Luxmoore, nee Logan, of " Fair- 
holme," Portmore Road, Weybridge, Surrey, England. 

James Logan's Watch 14 

Photographed from original owned by Albanus C. 
Logan, Esq., of " Loudoun," Germantown. The 
dial bears the legend : " Barnold, Providence." 

Portrait of James Logan (1674— 1751) . . 16 
From the original painting in possession of a descendant, 
Albanus C. Logan, Esq., of'Loudoun," Germantown. 



Hannah Logan 64^ 

Portrait of Dr. William Logan ( 1 686-1 757), 

OF Bristol, England 18 -^ 

Brother of James Logan. Photographed from the 
original portrait in possession of Albanus C. Logan, 
Esq., of "Loudoun," Germantovvn, to whom it has 
descended from his ancestor, William Logan (1718- 
1776), nephew and one of the legatees of Dr. Logan. 

Portrait of Mrs. William Logan (died prior 

TO 1757), OF Bristol, England . . 20 ' 
From the original portrait owned by Albanus C. Logan, 
Esq., of " Loudoun," Germantown. 

Main Doorway, Stenton 22 ^ 

From a recent photograph. 

Entrance Hall, Stenton 24 ^ 

From a recent photograph. 

House of Richard Smith (i 699-1 751) . . 27*' 

Built 1720. Still standing on Main Street, Burlington. 
From a photograph made about fifty years ago. The 
house, on the west side of iVIain street. No. 320, 
now somewhat changed, is occupied on the first 
floor by Vandegrift's drug store. 

James Logan's Silver Tea Service 4' '' 

Inherited by John and Hannah (Logan) Smith. Now 
owned by a noble family in England. From photograph 
in R. Morris Smith's Burlington Smiths. (Cf. Wat- 
son's Annals, IL, 501, ed. 1891. ) 

North Parlor, Stenton 44 - 

From a recent photograph. 

South Parlor, Stenton 46 

From a recent photograph. 

Portrait of Charles Norris (1712— 1766) . 50 y 
From the original painting owned by a descendant, 
Albanus C. Logan, Esq., of" Loudoun," Germantown. 

Silhouette of James Pemberton (1724-1809), 56 
From Mrs. Amelia Mott Gummere's The Quaker : 
A Study in Costume, 72. 

64b Courtship of [i^^^^- 

SiLHOUETTE OF John Smith IN I 763, AGED 41 . . 56 

From a large paper profile owned by a descendant, 
Mrs. Charles W. Howland, of Wilmington, Delaware. 
The lower part of the bag wig has been added in the 
reproduction. In a memorandum on the silhouette, 
John Smith's son-in-law, William Dillwyn (who mar- 
ried Sarah Smith), in his own handwriting (according 
to another later memorandum by his niece, the late 
Mrs. Margaret H. Hilles) states that the " Features 
distinctly examined remind me of him but there wants 
something in the air ot the whole Face." 

Page of John Smith's Diary 59 

Photographed from the original manuscript owned by 
Miss Elizabeth Pearsall Smith, of " Ivy Lodge Cot- 
tage," Germantown. 

Tailpiece. — Side View, Stenton, 62 

Heading. — Logan Sideboard, at Stenton . 63 
Tailpiece. — Main Doorway, Stenton ... 63 
Heading. — Detail, Entrance Hall, Stenton, 64 
Tailpiece. — Fireplace, Bedroom, Stenton . 64h 

Dining-room, Stenton 65 

From a recent photograph. 

Heading. — View of Philadelphia, 1754 • • ^5 

From Scull and Heap's view. 

Autograph of John Reynell (d. 1784) . . 66 
From Dr. Robert C. Moon's Morris Genealogy, 236. 

Portrait of James Pemberton (i 723-1 809) . 68 

Photographed from miniature owned by Henry Pem- 
berton, Esq., of Philadelphia. 

Autograph of James Pemberton (1723-1808), 68 

From MS. letter dated London, I mo. 3, 1748-9, 
to his parents. No. 34, Vol. IV., Pemberton Papers, 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Autograph of Governor Lewis Morris (1671- 

1746), of New Jersey 73 

From Collections of New Jersey Historical Society, IV. 

trations] Hannah Logan 64c 

Portrait of William Plumsted (1708-1765), 

Mayor of Philadelphia 75 

Photograplied from the painting in the collection of the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Painted by John 
Singleton Copley. Size, 4o.\5o. 

Autograph of John Bartram (1701-1777), 

American Botanist to George III. . 78 

From Dr. William Darlington's Bartram, 59. 

Autograph of Sarah Morris (i 704-1 775) . 80 
From Dr. Robert C. Moon's Morris Genealogy, 204. 

Benjamin Lay (1677-1760), Reformer . . . 81 '^ 

Photographed from engraving made by H. D. from a 
painting by W. Williams, in the collection of the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Autograph of Isaac Greenleafe ( i 71 5-1 771 ), 84 
From Dr. Robert C. Moon's Morris Genealogy, 320. 

Headi.n'g. — "In my Chaise to Stenton " . . 85 

Autograph of Israel Pemberton (i 685-1 754), 90 
From Pemberton Papers, Historical Society of Penn- 

Autograph of Thomas Gawthrop (d. 1780), 92 

From MS. letter dated 10 mo. 4, 1747, in Pember- 
ton Papers, No. 83, Vol. III., Historical Society of 

Autograph of Mrs. Ann Graeme ( i 700-1 765 ), 92 
From Bean's History of Montgomery County, Penn- 
sylvania, 882. 

Autograph of Governor George Thomas . 93 

From Howard M. Jenkins's Memorial History of 
Philadelphia, I., 197. 

Autograph of Israel Pemberton, Jr. (1715- 

1779), "King of the Quakers" . . 94 
From MS. letter dated 8 mo. 28, 1748, to his 
brother James, No. 147, Vol. IV., Pemberton Papers, 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Pemberton Plantation House 95 

From an old painting in the collection of the Historical 
Society i)f Pennsylvania. 


Courtshio of U^^^ 

View OF Philadelphia, 1754, by Nicholas Scull 

AND George Heap 98 

The original was first published in London, in 1754. 

Portrait of Jonathan Belcher (1682- 1757), 
Governor of Massachusetts (1730- 
1741) and New Jersey (1747-1757), 103 

Photographed from the painting inscribed, " F. Liopoldt 
pinxit anno 1729," in the collection of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society in Boston. The portrait 
was made in London, while he was agent of Massa- 
chusetts at the British Court. 

Autograph of Governor Jonathan Belcher . 103 

From Winsor's Memorial History of Boston, IL, 82. 

Autograph OF Byfield Lyde ( 1 704-1 776). . . 105 
From Winsor's Memorial History of Boston, U., 551. 

Autograph of Andrew Hamilton (167 6- 1 741), 106 
From Year Book of the Pennsylvania Society of New 
York, 1903. 

Portrait of Andrew Hamilton (1676-1741), 106 

From the painting in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. 

Autograph of Thomas Carleton ( 1699- 1792), i 10 
From Albert Cook Myers's Immigration of the Irish 
Quakers into Pennsylvania, 126. 

Autograph of Philip Syng (i 703-1 789) . .113 
From History of the Schuylkill Fishing Company, 22. 

Autograph of Grace Lloyd, of Chester . . .121 
From Dr. George Smith's History of Delaware 
County, Pennsylvania, 442. 

Portrait, Mrs. Chas. Willing (1710-1754) . 134 

Photographed from a painting made by Robert Feke 
( 1 684-1 773). Owned by a great-grandson, Edward S. 
Willing, Esq., of Philadelphia. 

Portrait of Charles Willing (1710-1754), 

Mayor of Philadelphia 136 

Photographed from original painting in possession of a 
descendant, Edward S. Willing, of Philadelphia. 

Portrait of John Inglis (d, 1775) . . . .138 

From painting owned by Dr. H. M. Fisher, Philadelphia. 

trations] Hannah Logan 646 

Facsimile of Title Page of John Smith's 
Book, " The Doctrine of Christi- 
anity, AS Held by the People Called 
Quakers, Vindicated," etc., 1748 . 141 /^ 
Photographed from a copy in Friends' Historical 
Library of Svvarthmore College, Pennsylvania. 

James Logan's Library, Second Floor, Stenton, i 54 y 
From a recent photograph. 

Silhouette of Dr. Samuel Preston Moore 

(1710-1785), Provincial Treasurer . 155 
From original owned by Mrs. Charles W. Howland, 
of Wilmington, Delaware. 

Portrait of Richard Peters (i 704-1 776), 

Provincial Secretary 166 '' 

Photographed from a painting in tlie collection of the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, copied from the 
original in possession of the Peters family. 

Silhouette of John Pemberton (i 727-1 795), 168 
From Mrs. Amelia Mott Gummere's The Quaker, 72. 

Portrait of Timothy Matlack 177*^ 

Photographed from the original painting by Charles 
Willson Peale, in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. 

Autograph of Mrs. Anne Watts, of New York, 2 i 2 

From Memorial History City of New York, III., 35. 

Letter of John Smith to Hannah Logan . .230"^ 

Dated Philadelphia, 6 mo. 19, 1748. Endorsed: 
" To Hannah Logan at Stenton — p'' favour of J. Logan, 
jun''." Photographed from the original in possession 
of a descendant, Miss Elizabeth Pearsall Smith, of 
*' Ivy Lodge Cottage," Germantown. 

Autograph of Thomas Graeme 237 

From Bean's History of Montgomery County, Penn- 
sylvania, 882. 

Northeast Bed-room, Stenton 239 ^ 

Showing ancient cradle of the Logan family. From a 
recent photograph. 

Northeast Bed-room, Stenton 243 '' 

Another view. From a recent photograph. 

64^ Courtship of [^i^^^- 


Chief Justice of Pennsylvania . . . 245 

Photographed from the original painting made by 
Gilbert Stuart, in the Corcoran Art Gallery, Washing- 
ton, D. C. (Cf. G. C. Mason's Gilbert Stuart, 255.) 

Heading. — A Quaker Wedding 249 

Adapted from view of Gracechurch Street 2"^'^^'' 
Meeting, London, i8th century. — Mrs. A. M. 
Gummere's The (Quaker, 218. 

Letter of John Smith to Hannah Logan. .253 

Dated Philadelphia, 9 mo. 3d, 1748. Photographed 
from the original in possession of Miss Elizabeth Pear- 
sail Smith, of "Ivy Lodge Cottage," Germantown. 

Portrait of Governor James Hamilton (1710- 

17^3) 255 

From painting in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. 
Autograph of Governor James Hamilton . .255 
From Pennsylvania Archives, 4th series, II., 87. 

Marriage Record of John Smith and Hannah 

Logan, 1748 261 

Photographed from the original recorded certificate in 
Marriage Register of Philadelphia Monthly Meeting. 

Silhouette of Edward Shippen (1703-1781), 
OF Lancaster, Pennsylvania, sometime 
Mayor of Philadelphia 262 

From original in the collection of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania. 

Portrait of Edward Shippen (1639-1 7 12), 

Mayor ok Philadelphia 262 

Photographed from painting owned by a descendant, 
the late Edward Shippen, Philadelphia. Size 35 x 47. 

Heading. — The Great Meeting and Old 

CouRT-HousE 263 

Adapted from an old View. 

Portrait of Joseph Shippen (i 679-1 741), of 

Germantown 264 

Pliotographed from painting owned by a descendant, the 
late Edward Shippen, Philadelphia. Size 3 5x47 inches. 

trations] Haiioah Logan 64^ 

Portrait of Col. Joseph Shippen (1732-1810), 

Son of Edward Shippen, of Lancaster . 266 .' 

Photographed from painting owned by the late Edward 
Shippen, Walnut Street, Philadelphia. Joseph Shippen 
was graduated from Princeton, B. A., in 1753, served 
in the French and Indian War as Colonel. After 
travel in Europe he returned to Philadelphia in I 761, 
and in the following year was appointed Secretary of 
the Provincial Council. He resided, 1773100. 1782, 
at Kennett Square, Pennsylvania. In 1789 he be- 
came Judge of Lancaster County Court. He was an 
early patron of Benjamin West. His wife was Jane, 
daughter of John Galloway, — Keith, Councillors, 
(77) ff. 
Autograph of Samuel Powell (1705- 17 59) . 268 
From Dr. Robert C. Moon's Morris Genealogy, 238. 

Portrait of Tench Francis (d. 1758), Attorney 

General of Pennsylvania 278 / 

From H. B. Hall's etching. The original portrait is 
owned by a descendant. Dr. Henry M. Fisher, of 

Autograph of Dr. Christopher Witt (167 5- 

1765) . . ■ . . .284 

From Julius F. Sachse's Pietists, 403. 

Autograph of John Kinsey (1696-1750), 

Chief Justice of Pennsylvania . . .285 
From Dr. Joseph S. Walton's Life of John Kinsey. 

Portrait of Owen Jones (1711-1793), Pro- 
vincial Treasurer of Pennsylvania . . 292 </ 

Photographed from a painting owned by a descendant, 
Charles J. Wister, Esq., of Germantown. 

Portrait of Thomas Lawrence (1689-1754), 

Mayor of Philadelphia 308 . 

Photographed from a painting in the collection of the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Three-quarters 
length, facing right, standing. Size, 36 x 45 inches. 

Portrait of Dr. Phineas Bond (1717-1773), 314 y 

Photographed from painting owned by Travis Cochran, 
Esq., of Philadelphia. Size 32 x 38. Painted 1765. 


Hannah Logan 

Portrait of Dr. Thomas Cadwalader (1707- 

1779) 321 

Photographed from the painting owned by a descendant, 
Dr. Charles E. Cadwalader, of Philadelphia. Three- 
quarters length, seated, facing right. Painted by 
Charles WiUson Peale. 

Autograph of William Allen (1704- 1780), 
Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, Mayor 
OF Philadelphia 322 

From Howard M. Jenkins's Memorial History of 
Philadelphia, Vol. I., 227. 

Portrait of William Allen (1704- 1780), 

Chief Justice of Pennsylvania . . . .322 

Photographed from the original painting made by Ben- 
jamin West, in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. 

Heading. — Seafaring in Colonial Times . .326 

Burlington Meeting House (1683-1787) . 338 ^ 
Photographed from a painting, in size 15 x 18 inches, 
made by Jefferson Gauntt, now owned by his great- 
niece, Mrs. Joseph Shreeve, of Burlington. 

James Logan's Pewter Platter 349 

From the original owned by a descendant, Albanus 
Logan Smith, Esq., of "Ivy Lodge," Germantown. 

Heading. — North Parlor, Stenton . . .351 




•^^r'P H ILfiOE.LPHl fi />i-«t 

Hannah Logan' Courtship 

and Divers other Matters, as related irk 
John Smith's Diary 

Chapter I 

Fifth month lO, 1743. Being first day, 
rode to Germantown meeting with Ch"" 
Wilson ^ & Eleaz'' Sheldon." Dined with 
several others at James Logan's.^ 

I opened a dry Good Store "* at Philad* 
the 14*'' of 10'^ mo: 1743 — Took Lodgings 
at Coz W"» Callender's,' at /— f. Annum. 

' Christopher Wilson, a Quaker minister from Cumberland, Eng. 

"^ Eleazer Sheldon, a Quaker minister from Dublin. 

''This is John Smith's first recorded visit to " Stenton," the 
home of his future bride. 

* " A CHOICE Parcel of Molases, to be sold, by Richard 
Smith, jun"", in Burlington, or by John Smith, at Israel Pemberton's 
Store, in Philad."-r-Pi;nna. Gaz., June 2, 1743. 

^William Callender, Jr. ( 1703-1 763), a native of Bar- 
badoes, was a son of William and Hannah Callender, of Scotch 

66 Courtship of [io"'mo. 

In the lO*'' mo., 1744-5, 1 Joined with 
Israel Pemberton, John ReynelP & Israel 
Pemberton Jun"" in purchasing a small 

schooner which we made a Brig' of 

& Called her the Dolphin. Loaded her 
ourselves. Appointed John Peal m"" & she 
sailed for Barbadoes the 13*'' ii"* mo.^ 

Latter End of i'' mo., 1745, I Joined 
with M. Aspden [?], John Reynell & 
Israel Pemberton Jun*" in purchasing a new 
Vessel on the Stocks, a little below Marcus 
Hook. We made a ship of her. Called her 

extraction. He married Catharine, daughter of Daniel and Mary 
(Murfin) Smith, of the Burlington Smiths. Their daughter, 
Hannah Callender ( 1737-1801 ), who married Samuel Sansom, 
in 1 762, kept a diary of much interest concerning Philadelphia. 
Extracts from it are printed in Pa. Mag., XII., 432. 

'John Reynell ( —1784), was active in the Friends* 

meeting and in the civil life of the city. He was a manager of the 
Pennsylvania Hospital, 1752-1780. — Morton, Pa. Hosp., 412. 
'At the Philadelphia Custom-House the " Brigt. Dolphin, John 
Peele, for Coracoa," was entered out. — Penna. Gaz., Dec. 25, 

1 744] Hannah Logan 67 

the Bolton,^ appointed Edw*^ Dowers ^ m"" 
of her, and She Sailed the 9"^ of 3** mo: for 
Dublin & Liverpoole. My intimate friend 
WilHam Griffitts^ went Factor of her. He 
had Hved several years with his Uncle 
Thomas^ in this City, during w*"^ time We 
Contracted such a mutual Friendship, as 
will not Easily be forgotten. James Pem- 
berton and I went with him in the Ship to 
Delaware Capes, which the ship left the 
8'''. The time on board was rendered 
very agreeable by William & Capt. 
Dowers' Company. After taking our Leave 
of them, went ashore at Lewis, staid a day 

* The Penna. Gazette of April 12, 1745, notes that the ship 
Bolton, Edward Dowers, master, entered out, bound for Belfast. 

' " Edward Dowers is removed from his house in Water- 
street, to the house in Front-street, where Thomas Wells lately 
lived, and has to sell, Sundry sorts of European goods, and choice 
Cheshire cheese, cheap for ready money." — Pa. Gaz., Feb. 13, 
1749-50. No. 1 105. 

'William Griffitts ( — c. 1760), merchant of Philadelphia, 
son of James Griffitts, of Swansea, Wales, married, April, 1752, 
Abigail, daughter of Samuel and Mary (Morris) Powel. — Moon, 
Morris Family, 162, 463, 609. 

* Thomas Griffitts, Irish Quaker and Provincial Councilor 
of Pennsylvania. 

68 Courtship of [3' mo- 

or two there, & Came home in a pilot boat 

the I2*'\ 

About the beginning of 3** mo: 1745, 
purchased on 8'^ y" Snow Friendship. 
She sailed for Jamaica the 12"'/ 

22^ of 3*^ month James Pemberton ^ and 
I Left home to go to Flushing. We got 
there, Scammon Rodman ^ Accompanying 

^ The Snow Friendship, Walter Brown, master, entered out for 
Jamaica, April 12, 1745. — Pa. Gaz., April 12, 1745. 

^ James Pemberton (i 723-1 808), son of Israel and Rachel 
( ) Pemberton, after completing his education in the 

Friends' schools became a successful merchant. He figured 
prominently in the Friends' Meeting and in public affairs. He 
was one of the founders of the Pennsylvania Hospital, was early 
interested in the negro question, and became one of the organizers 


of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society, succeeding Franklin as 
President in 1790. He was one of the Friends who withdrew 
from the Assembly in 1756, because they could not conscientiously 
vote to appropriate money for military purposes. He was one of 
the exiles to Virginia in 1777. — ^J. Granville Leach, in Appleton's 
Cyc. Bio., 706. 

•■' Scamon Rodman, of Burlington. — See N. J. Archives, 1st 
Scries, XX. 

James Pemberton 

^74S] Hannah Logan 69 

us from Burlington, the 24*''. Was 
kindly Rec*^ by Thomas Rodman, at whose 
house we Lodged while we stayed on the 
Island. The meeting was Large. The 
strangers [there] at were Jos* Lord, Abr'" 
Moss^ & Zech'' Faris. Jemmy & I went 
to N. York the 28'^, stayed there one 
night, set out next day & got home the 31'', 
& found our Brig* Dolphin was arrived the 
day before from Barbadoes, which was 
very Agreeable to me. She sailed again 
for Barbadoes the 1 7'^ of 4**^ mo. 

The T i*^ of 5*'' mo: 1745, We rec'' news 
of the Surrender of Louisburg on the 1 7''' 
Ultimo to K: George. The N. England 
Troops on this Expedition Gained much 
Reputation among the Men principled for 
War. They were Commanded by W"" 
Pepperill, a N. E** man also, and assisted 
by a fleet of Ships of War under the 
Command of Capt° Warren. That Evening 
& the next the mob were very rude in this 
City, breaking many Windows that were 
not Illuminated, but by the Vigilance of 

' A Quaker minister of Salem, N. J. He died in 1-48. 

70 Courtship of [6*'' mo. 

the Inhabitants and the prudent Conduct 
of the then Mayor Edw** Shippen they 
were suppressed before they had done 
much mischief. 

The 4"" of 6*'' mo: 1745, went by 
Land With several other friends to the 
funeral of my dear Uncle Caleb Raper at 
Burlington. Mordecai Yarnal was in 
Company. There were many people 
thereat, among whom Mordecai had good 
Service. The Removal of this near Rela- 
tion affected me much, both because there- 
by I lost a Good friend. The City of 
Burlington a good Magistrate, for he was 
& had been Mayor thereof several years, 
And the Church a Useful, hospitable & 
Substantial Member. Came home next 
day and the 8"' was at our 5*'' day meet- 
ing, at which M. Yarnal was married to 
Molly Roberts. A week or two afterwards 
I accompanied them home. 

The Latter End of the y**" & beginning 
of the 8"' mo: my Sister & Coz., both 
Eliz'' Smiths, came forth in the Ministry 
among Friends at Burlington, which the' 

1745] Hannah Logan 71 

but small at present I hope will prove a 
Blessing to the Church. 

The Snow Friendship arrived from 
Jamaica the 24"' of 7"' mo. We made a 
Ship of her & put her up for London, 
appointed Henry Lisle m"", & She sailed 
for that port the 1 7"' of 9*^ mo. 

Our Brig* Dolphin again arrived from 
Barbadoes the 14*'' of 8'^ mo. This 
Voyage we Sheathed her, and the 24th of 
9*^^ mo. Ship Bolton & Brig' Dolphin 
sailed together from the Wharf, the ship 
bound for Ireland & Brig* for Barbadoes.^ 

Eleventh month. 
3*^ In the afternoon, the weather being 
agreeable, John Armitt^ and I rode to 
Charles Jenkin's ferry on Schuylkill. We 
ran and walked a mile or two on the ice. 
On our way thither we stopped to view 

' That part of the Diary covering the period 1 1 Mo. 3, 1745, to 
8 Mo. 18, 1746, is from R. Morris Smith's "The Burlington 
Smiths" (Phila., 1877), 131 ff. 

^JoHN Armitt, a Friend, a resident of Front Street in 1750. — • 
Fa. Gaz., June 7. 

7 2 Courtship of [n^'^mo. 

the proprietor's green-house/ which at this 
season is a very agreeable sight ; the 
oranges, lemons, and citrons were, some 
green, some ripe, and some in blossom. 

15*'' Dined at Israel Pemberton's, and 
afterdinner Jemmy and I rode on horseback 
toStenton. R. Pemberton" and M. Jordan^ 
went in the chaise. We spent two or 

1 This was in what was long known as the "Proprietor's 
Garden," the estate of Proprietor Thomas Penn, son of the 
Founder. He was in Pennsylvania from 1732 to 1 741, and 
established his residence in what is now the northwestern part of 
Philadelphia, between " Bush Hill," the seat of the Hamiltons, 
and the Schuylkill. A young Virginian, Daniel Fisher, of 
Williamsburg, who had come to Philadelphia to seek his fortune, 
and who strolled one Sunday afternoon in May, 1755, " two miles 
out of town," found the garden very attractive. " But what to 
me," he writes, "surpassed everything of the kind I had seen in 
America was a pretty bricked Green House, out of which was 
disposed (now) very properly in the Pleasure Garden a good many 
Orange, Lemon, and Citron Trees in great perfection, loaded with 
abundance of Fruit, and some of each sort seemingly then ripe." 

" The House here," he continues, " is but small, built of Brick. 
It is pleasantly situated on an eminence with a gradual 
descent, over a small Valley, to a handsome level Road cut through 
a wood, affording an agreeable vista of near Two miles. On the left 
hand the slope, descending from the house, is a neat little Park, tho' 
I am told that there are no Deer in it." — Fisher's Diary, Pa. Mag., 
XVn., 267-8 ; Jenkins, Penn Family, ist ed., 134. 

^ R-ivcHEL Pemberton, wife of Israel Pemberton, Sr. 

^ Mary Jordan, widow of Robert Jordan, Quaker minister. 

1745] Hannah Logan 73 

three hours very agreeably there in com- 
pany with J. Logan, his wife and daughter. 
The roads very muddy. 

17*'' In the afternoon Samuel Wetheri II 
and I rode to Burlington ; found my rela- 
tions and friends mostly well, and several of 
them came to my father's house and spent 
the evening there. Our discourse ran 
much upon the state of their province, 
oppressed by an ill-natured and super- 
annuated governor.^ 

1 8*^ The day fixed for two representa- 
tives for their city. My father and Cousin 
Daniel Smith were chosen without a dis- 
senting vote. Spent most of the evening 

1 Lewis Morris (1671-1746), a native of Morrisania, New 
York, is here referred to. He became the Royal Governor of 
New Jersey in 1738, and was soon involved in quarrels with the 

popular party of the Assembly concerning financial matters.— 
N. J. Archives, II., 217, XL, 546, XV., passim; Coll. N.J. 
Hist. Soc, IV. ; Winsor, America, V., 220—1. 

74 Courtship of [i^'mo. 

with my aunt M. Raper/ with my brother 
Samuel, looking over the library of our 
deceased uncle. Aunt was so kind as to 
give Sammy and me several of his books. 

First mojith. 

i^th \Yej^t- t-Q Samuel Moore's, where 
we drank tea and spent a considerable time 
in very agreeable conversation. Had a 
dispute upon inoculation for small-pox, two 
or three people in town having got that 
distemper from New York. It seems 
clear to me that we who are but tenants 
have no right to pull down the houses that 
belong only to the landlord who built 

Third month. 

1 2*^ At Point-no-Point. Busy in look- 
ing for bricks, etc., and had a good deal 
of conversation with Hugh Roberts upon 
gardening, etc. Agreed with George 
Martin to level my terrace-walk, leaving 
it twenty feet wide ; to make a fall thirty 

^ Mary Raper, widow of Caleb. 

William Plumsted 

1746] Hannah Logan 75 

inches on a level ; to level the next plot 
one hundred feet deep ; to do the next fall, 
turf it and the sides, and plant the whole, 
etc., for twenty pounds. Was in the after- 
noon taking up with draining plans, etc. 

1 7^'' After dinner S. Noble and I rode 
to T. Lawrence's^ plantation, then to Bush 
HilP and Plumstead's, from thence to my 
place. On our return we found our 
new Brigantine launched ; called her the 

•Thomas Lawrence (1689-1754), of Philadelphia, was a 
merchant, associated in enterprises with James Logan and the 
Shippens. He was chosen a Common Councilman in 1722, an 
Alderman in 1724, and Mayor in 1727, being rechosen in 1728, 
and again in 1734, 1749 ^""^ "753- ^^ ^^^ ^ member of the 
Provincial Council, Judge of the County Court, a warden of Christ 
Church, a Trustee of Philadelphia College, and in many ways 
prominent. He was a subscriber to the Dancing Assembly. He 
was married in 1719 to Rachel Lofifield ( 1689-1768 ), daughter 
of Cornelius Lonfield, of New Brunswick, New Jersey. He died 
in office as Mayor, April 20, I 754, and was buried in the burial 
ground at Fifth and Arch Streets. — ^Jenkins, Philadelphia, 238 j 
Keith, Councillors, 430 ff. 

2 Bush Hill Mansion, the residence of ex-Governor Andrew 
Hamilton, was built by him in 1714. It stood on a tract of land 
bounded by what is now Fairmount, Vine, Twentieth and Twelfth 
Streets. — ^Jenkins, Philadelphia, 213. 

76 Courtship of [4'' mo. 

Fourth month. [r'J 

29*'' Was at meeting. Eden Haydock 
was married. G. Whitfield^ and wife, and 
several of his hearers were there. 

Fifth month. 
9"' We had a report last 7"' day, by a 
vessel at Newcastle, from Ireland, that the 
rebels in Scotland were defeated ; and 
to-day the news by the post confirms the 
same. They had a very bloody battle, 
wherein the Pretender's army received a 
total defeat, but he, with a few of his 
attendants, escaped. To-night there were 
a few illuminations, bonfires, etc. 

10*'' The mayor ordered there should 
be no bonfires in the habitable part of the 
city, and his order was obeyed, and the 
mob pretty civil, tho' they broke a few 
Friends' windows. 

15"' At meeting. I was, as at many 
other times, favoured with a sight of the 
weakness and the vileness of my natural 

' Rev. George Whitefield, the famous Calvinlstic evangelist 
from England. 

1746] Hannah Logan 77 

disposition, which, with the remembrance 
of the tender mercies I have repeatedly 
received, bowed me very low, and made 
me abhor myself. Oh, may the same 
sense always keep me in a humble frame 
of soul ! Drank tea at S. Sansom's. 
Read Pope's Miscellany. 

24'^ This day was observed, by the 
governor's order, a thanksgiving day ^ for 
the victory over the Scotch rebels, by all 
but Friends, of whom too many conformed 
by keeping their shops shut, etc. 

25"' Had, in the evening, the company 
of Abel Noble, with whom had a long 
dispute. I undertook to prove him no 
Christian, and in doing it, was so close 

1 ^'■Philadelphia, July JT, \_1-J46'\. — In Pursuance of the 
Governor's late Proclamation for that Purpose, Thursday last was 
observed here with a becoming Solemnity, as a Day of Publick 
Thanksgiving to Almighty God, for the Suppression of the 
Rebellion in Scotland, &c. Great numbers of People attended 
at all the Places of Worship in the fore Part of the Day ; and his 
Honour the Governor [Thomas] entertained near a hundred of 
the principal Gentlemen and Inhabitants of the City at Dinner ; 
where our Happiness under the present Constitution, both in Church 
and State, and the great Obligations we have to the Family on the 
Throne, were properly and decently remember'd." — Penna. 
Gazette, ]\i\y 31, 1746. 

jS Courtship of [6'' mo. 

upon him that he was very angry, and gave 
me an account of abundance of judgments 
which had happened upon people who 
differed with him, as, their buckwheat 
being killed by the frost, their houses 
burnt, or dying soon after, with a deal 
more of such dark nonsense. 

Sixth month. 
12*'' I dined with John Bartram,^ who 
was very civil in showing his rarities of 
sundry sorts. 

'John Bartram (1701-1777), the eminent botanist, was a 
native of Darby, Delaware County. A farmer by occupation, he 
took great pleasure in the care of a botanical garden, laid out and 
planted by himself, on the west bank of the Schuylkill, near Gray's 
Ferry. He traveled extensively through parts of America, collect- 
ing specimens for his garden, and corresponded with the leading 
botanists of the time, becoming such an authority in his subject 

that Linnaeus 
pronounced him 
" the greatest 
natural botanist in 
the world." He received the appointment of American Botanist 
to George III., holding the office until his death in 1777. 
Journals of his travels among the Indians of New York and of his 
journey to Florida were printed in London in 1 75 1 and in 1766 
respectively. His quaint old house, built by his own hands in 1 73 1 , 
and grounds with many of the trees planted by him, yet remain 
and are known as Bartram's Gardens, a part of the city's park system. 
— AUibone, Diet., 137; Darlington's Life. 


/c ^co^i^i^ajpt 

1746] Hannah Logan 79 

13*'' After dinner went to the post-office, 
and received a letter from Edward Pening- 
ton, advising that our fine brigantine, the 
Addison, was taken by a French privateer, 
within sight of Antigua, and carried into 
Martinico. This, tho' a very great dis- 
appointment to my hopes of that beautiful 
vessel, I endeavoured to bear with patience 
and resignation. Then, John Dillwyn ^ 
and several other friends going to Point, I 
rode with them, and we spent most of the 
afternoon at my place. 

Eighth month. 
14*^ Entered into partnership with Abel 
James, and from thence to 

18"" Have been so busy that I have 
not had time to keep the Journal regularly. 

Eleventh month. 

i^* Spent the Morning, as I have done 

some days past, in settling my Books. 

Find I have had a profitable Trade last 

year, having Gained about X^*^*^ Clear of 

'John Dillwyn, a prominent Friend of Philadelphia. He was 
•chosen a member of Common Council in 1732, serving until 1747. 

8o Courtship of [^^ 

'^ mo. 

Expenses, Losses, &c. Went to Meeting. 
Sarah Morris^ and Benjamin Trotter^ 
preached & Durbraugh pray'd. Drank 
Tea at Edw*^ Cathralls. Spent the Even- 
ing at a pubHck House with several friends 
of the Young Sort, where we Agreed to 
meet once a week to have a Supper, &c'^. 

2*^ Heard that B. Clark, of Lancaster, 
is Absconded, who Owed me about X^5*-^> 
for which I have his Bond & Judgment. 
Agreed with Edw"* Drury to go up & seize 
his Effects if any. Being Hkely to meet 
with so Considerable a Loss to day, after 
mentioning Gains Yesterday, affords Room 
for Reflection on the unstability of Ter- 
restrial affairs. In the Evening Read 
a while in Chambers' Dictionary. 

^ Sarah Morris (1704—1775) was a regular minister of the 
^ yO ^j meeting, mak- 

CyO^^lnj ^^^^'i^^^^^ reliSious' visits in 
England and America. She was a daughter of Anthony and 
Elizabeth Morris. — Friends' Library, VI., 478-480. 

2 Benjamin Trotter (i 699-1 768) preached regularly in the 
Philadelphia meetings for many years, but not always to the 
edification of John Smith, as shown by later entries. — Friends' 
Library, XIL, 183. 

' B E N J AM IX L AV. 

1746] Hannah Logan 81 

3'' After dinner Rode with A. James, 
Jemmy Pemberton &c% to Skuylkill. 
Had a small spell of Skeeting, but not 
quite agreeable, the Ice being Rough. 
Read in the Evening in Don Qiiixotte. 

6*'' Agreed with Dan' Toole to go & 
Live at my plantation, to take Care of the 
Garden &c'', for which am to give him 
^30 per Annum. Spent sometime after 
dinner with M. Lightfoot at John 

7*'' Spent most of the day in Looking 
over Chambers' Dictionary. Drank Tea 
at T. [homas] Lightfoot's. 

8*'' Jno. Armitt, Jemmy Pemberton, 
myself, and several other friends Rode to 
Abington Meeting. T. Gawthrop preach'd 
& pray'd. We dined at Joshua Morris's, 
and the three of us mentioned above 
Lodged there to night, as did T. G. also. 
Had part of the Evening the Comp-^ of 
B. Lay,^ the Comi-Cynic Philosopher. 

^Benjamin Lay (1677-1760), eccentric philanthropist and 
reformer, of most peculiar physiognomy, was born in Colchester, 

8 2 Courtship of b 

9"' We Rode in Comp-^ with our 
Landlord to Frankfort Meeting, which was 
small. T. Gawthrop preach'd and D. 

England, of Quaker parentage. After some years at sea, in which 
he visited Palestine and other parts of the Orient, he settled in his 
native town in 1710, and became actively interested in some of the 
questions of the time, even interviewing George I. himself. So 
radical in his views did he become that in 1 7 1 7 he was expelled by 
the Society of Friends. The following year he removed with his 
wife to the island of Barbadoes, and entered upon the business of a 
merchant. Here he became much affected by the evils of slavery 
as he saw it about him, and endeavored to relieve the condition of 
slaves, not only by personal work among them, but by expostulating 
with their owners. Such a clamor finally rose against him that he 
was forced to leave the island 5 and in 1731 he removed to 
Pennsylvania, locating a few miles north of Philadelphia, at 
Abington, on the Old York Road. Thenceforth he devoted his 
life to reform and philanthropy. He was constantly preaching his 
anti-slavery doctrines, resorting to the most startling expedients to 
rouse the public conscience. He once carried a bladder filled with 
blood into a Quaker meeting, and in the presence of the congregation 
thrust the sword which he had concealed under his coat into the 
bladder, and sprinkling the blood about exclaimed, " Thus shall 
God shed the blood of those who enslave their fellow creatures." 
He also protested against the use of animal food, and strongly 
disapproved the new fashion of tea-drinking. Once when speaking 
against the habit from the balcony of the Court House he emphasized 
his remarks by breaking his wife's new tea service. He published 
pamphlets in support of his views, circulating them gratis, and 
doubtless was an effective agent, in spite of his 'eccentricities, in 
instituting the anti-slavery movement. — Dr. Rush, Essays, 296 ; 
Vaux, Lay ; Allibone, Diet. Auth.; Appleton's Cyc. Bio. 

1746] Hannah Logan 83 

Stanton pray'd. We dined at the Widow 
Chalkley's/ T. G. praying at Table. 

10"' (7*^ day) . . . Had several of 
my friends to spend the day with me at 
my Plantation, viz., E. Cathrall & wife, 
Jn° Armitt and wife, Wm. Callender & 
wife. Uncle Noble, Aunt M. Raper, S. 
Noble & wife, &c*. 

1 1*'' ( I'* day) . . . Was in the morn- 
ing at the Great house ; M. Emlen pray'd, 
and Michael Lightfoot^ preach'd. Was 
afternoon at the Bank ; Sarah Morris & T. 
Gawthrop preach'd. Drank Tea at Edw*^ 

1 Martha Chalkley, widow of Thomas Chalkley( 1675-1741) , 
the eminent Quaker minister, " Gentlest of skippers, rare sea- 
saint," who had established his family at Frankford in the mansion 
now known as Chalkley Hall. A daughter, Rebecca, married Abel 
James, John Smith's partner in business. 

2 Michael Lightfoot (c. 1683-1754), a noted Quaker 
minister, son of Thomas Lightfoot, also a minister, was a native of 
Ireland. His first wife, by whom he had all his children, was 
Mary, daughter of John Newby, of Dublin. He came to Pennsyl- 
vania with his family in I 71 2, and settled in Chester County. He 
travelled extensively in America, England and Ireland. In 1743 
he removed to Philadelphia to take the post of Provincial Treasurer, 
an office he held until his death. — Myers, Immigration of the Irish 
Quakers, 339, passim i Cope, Smedley Family, 195; Proud, 
Penna., II., 2325 Bowden, Friends, II., 387. 

84 Hannah Logan [ 

1 1 mo. 

Cathrall's. Evening, T. G. preach'd & 
pray'd, very well Indeed. 

12"' (2*^ day) . . . Read in Chamber's 
Dictionary. Supped with Tho' Gawthrop 
at Jn" Armitt's, from whence went to Israel 
Pemberton's, and found Isa: Greenleafe ^ 
just Come up from Virginia. He told us 
& Jemmy Pemberton, & I had a Letter 
from Rob* Pleasants Informing of his 
Mother's death. Isaac brought back the 
Money which I sent by him. 

1 Isaac Greenleafe ( 171 5-1 771), a Friend, one of the early 
managers of the Pennsylvania Hospital. — Morton, Pa. Hosp. 413. 

^^.^z^i^v ^^^^e^ 

Chapter II. 

Eleventh month. 

i^th ^^2js, at Meeting. T. Gawthrop 
preach'd & pray'd. Dined at Israel Pem- 
berton's with Hannah Logan, ^C Spent 
the Evening in Reading Sir Thomas 
More's Utopia. 

14"' Waited upon T. Gawthrop & M. 
Lightfoot to Stenton, & from thence we & 
many other Friends, viz., M. Jordan,^ S. 
Morris, M. Emlen, M. Armitt, J. Benezitt, 
Sarah, Hannah & Wm. Logan, &c% Jos. & 
Thomas Crosby, to Germantown Meeting, 
which we thought a Good One. M. 
Emlen & T. G. preach'd & T. G. pray'd. 

' Mary Jordan, widow of Robert Jordan, a Quaker minister, and 
daughter of Nathan and Mary Stanbury. Her first husband was 
Richard Hill. She was married a third time to Israel Pemberton, 
Jr. — Westcott, Hist. Mansions, 498. 

86 Courtship of [n^^'mo. 

We dined at Stenton, and were very agree- 
ably Entertained. 

1 5*^ At meeting. . . . Drank Tea 
at A. James's, with I. Greenleafe, who went 
with us to our weekly Club at Widow 

16*'' Spent the day at my plantation 
with I. Greenleafe, Jemmy Pemberton, 
Peter Reeve, Geo. & Sally Mifflin, Debby 
Morris, Jenny Proud, Peggy Newbury & 
Bekky Owen, &c'''. Found an Agreeable 
place to Slide on the Creek. We went and 
Returned in Slays. All safe & pleased. 

17"' Copy'd several Paragraphs from 
Chambers' Dictionary^ into my Common 
Place Book. . . . Drank Tea at Edw** 
Cathrall's. Waited on Eliz" Wyatt home. 

1 8*'' Stayed at home in the afternoon, 
having the Tooth Ache & reading Don 

19*'' Copy'd several paragraphs into my 
Commonplace book. Drank Tea at T. 
Lightfoot's with I. Greenleafe, &c^ 

^ Chambers, " The Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences," 
London, 1738. 

1746] Hannah Logan 87 

20"' (3'^ day) My Birth day, being now 
24 years of Age. Was at meeting. . . . 
Spent the afternoon Skeeting on Skuylkil 
with several Agreeable Acquaintances, viz., 
S. Shoemaker, Jemmy Pemberton, Wm. 
Griffitts, &c% &c*. 

2 1 "' Read in Chambers' Dictionary, &:c*. 

22'' Spent the Evening at Wid" 
Evans's, Scc^. 

23'^ Spent the afternoon in Skeeting 
upon Skuylkill, the Ice very rough. 

24"' I. Greenleafe & I with several 
others Rode to Bristol ; dined at Amos's. 
Left our horses at Bristol & walked on the 
River to Burlington. Found Frdswell &c''. 

25*'' Was at Burlington meeting. . . . 
Visited plentifully. 

26''' Bot a Red Bird for 5/— & bro* 

28"' Had at my Lodgings in the Even- 
ing the Compy of M. Yarnal ^ & wife, A. 

' MoRDECAi Yarnall (1705— ), an eminent Quaker 

minister, son of Francis and Hannah (Baker) Yarnall, lived in 
Willistown Township, Chester County, until 1747, when he 
removed to Philadelphia. He married Catharine Meredith (d. 

88 Courtship of [i^^'mo. 

Ashbridge ^ & wife, &c''. Copy'd several 
passages from Desideritus into my Com- 
monplace Book. 

29"" Read in the Spectators, Tatlers, 
&c^ My Red Bird dyed. 

30"' [On affairs at Monthly Meeting] 
I prated too much, which forwardness often 
occasions me uneasiness. 

Twelfth month. 

1^ Was at our Quarterly Meeting. 
The Business was protracted 
beyond the usual time by the Debates of 
some Haverford Welch Men. 

3*^ Spent . . . the Evening in 
Reading Oldham's Satires.'^ 

f Sup'd at Wid" Evans &c'\ 

7*^' After dinner waited upon Rachel 

1741) in 1733 and Mary Roberts in 1745. — Futhey and Cope, 
Hist. Chester County, Pa., 779. 

^Aaron Ashbridge (1712— 3 — ), a prominent Friend of 
Chester County. He was married in 1737 to Sarah Davies, and 
again in 1746 to Elizabeth Sullivan, a well-known minister among 
the Friends. — Futhey and Cope, Hist. Chester County, Pa., 465. 

-John Oldham. "Satyrs upon the Jesuits . . . and some 
other pieces by the same hand." [By J. O.] 1681. 8vo [Brit. 
Mus. Cat.] 

1746] Hannah Logan 89 

Pemberton to Stenton. Found only their 
own family there. Lodged there to night. 

8*"" (i''day) Waited upon the agreeable 
women to Germantown meeting. Dined 
& drank Tea at Stenton ; & I returned 
home having been very Courteously 

9*^" Had a good deal of Company at 
the Store. Saw H. L. at Pembertons. 

10"' Went to Pembertons, where was 
H. L., &c^ 

J J til Was in the afternoon at M. 
Jordans. Saw H. L. there, & intended to 
have seen her at her brothers in the 
Evening, but was disappointed. 

13"" Read in the Evening in Dr. 
Chevne's Essay on Health & Long Life.^ 

21'' Heard as soon as I came down 
Stairs that our Ship Friendship had put 
into Antigua, having sprung a Leak at Sea, 
& the Vessel was like to be Condemned 
there, her upper work being rotten. We 

' George Cheyne, An Essay of Health and Long Life, London, 
1724, 8" [Brit. Mus. Cat.] 


90 Courtship of [i'*mo. 

soon rec"^ a Letter from Cap* Lisle which 
Confirmed it. This very great disappoint- 
ment I bear with Resignation & Cheerful- 
ness, Considering that I know not whethei 
it's best for me to be Rich or poor. 

23** At my plantation in removing thi 
front Row of Apple trees & planting a 
Row of Eng: Cherry trees. 

26*^ At my plantation, accompanied by 
S. Noble. Planted some Spruce trees, and 
my Gardner planted peas & Beans. Spent 
the Even^at our fire Company. Officiated 
there as Clerk in room of Jas. Pemberton. 

First month. IJ47. 
4*^ Drank Tea at L Pemberton's.^ 
Broke a Cup & saucer. 

' Israel Pemberton, Sr. (1685— 1754), was a son of Phineas 
Pemberton (1650-1702), a persecuted Quaker, who emigrated 
from England to Pennsylvania in 1682 and became a leading settler 
in Bucks County. He was born in Bucks County, and received 

a good educa- 
tion for the 
time, becom- 
ing one of the wealthiest and best-known merchants of the Province. 
He served for nineteen years in the Provincial Assembly, and held 
numerous other offices. He also occupied a position of great im- 
portance in the Society of Friends, serving as an elder from 1729 


1747] Hannah Logan 91 

7"' At my plantation, in planting 
Tulip roots. 

^th Weather quite Agreeable. Spent 
the day at my plantation, in planting pinks. 
Sweet Williams, Filberts, Hazlenuts, Rose 
& Gooseberrie Bushes. Had E. Cathrall's 
Company. The first appearance of Green- 
ness in the meadows, with the Singing of 
Blackbirds, the Chirping of Bluebirds, with 
the Voice of the Turtle, a little Moderate 
Exercise, & a useful Book by turns all 
helped to make this an Agreeable day. 

12*^ Brought home the 5 Vols, of 
Jewish Spy.^ Lent them to Antho: 
Benezitt for his mother. Mem": my 
name is not in them. 

1 8'^ Rode to my plantation. Had 
there the Comp^' of E. C, James Pember- 

until his death. His mansion was large, and was the scene of 
unrivalled hospitality. His wife was Rachel, daughter of Charles 
Read. — J. Granville Leach, in Appleton's Cyc. Bio., 706. 

1 " The Jewish Spy : being a philosophical, historical and critical 
correspondence, by letters which lately pass'd between certain Jews in 
Turkey, Italy, France . . . Translated from the originals into 
French [or rather written] by the Marquis d'Argens (Jean Baptiste 
Boyer) ; and now done into English." pp. xii. -j- 303. D. 
Browne: London, 1739, i-nio[Brit. Mus. Cat.] 

92 Courtship of [i'*mt, 

ton, & Wm. Grlffitts. Planted Strawberry- 
vines &€'■*. 

20*'' Spent sometime before dinner at I. 
Pemberton's withT. Gawthrop,^ H. Logan, 
&c^ Supp'd at M. Jordan's with Eliza 
Wyatt" & Sally. Waited upon them home, 
& smoked a Christian pipe there, &c*. 

22^* Drank Tea at Coz Jn° Smith's with 
Dr. [Thomas] Graeme's wife,'^ Lawyer 
Price's, Spencer, &c\ 

^a ^^i^Ji^fl^ja ;» 

1 Thomas Gawthrop ( — 1 780) , an eminent English Quaker 

minister, born at Skipton, Yorkshire, made several religious visits 

to America. He 

married in 

735 to Isabel, 

daughter of Simon Crosfield, of Lowpark, Kendal, Westmoreland, 
and settled near Gatebeck. Two of his younger sons removed to 
Pennsylvania. — Friends' Intelligencer, LX., 586. 

^ Elizabeth Wyatt, nee Tomlinson, wife of Bartholomew 
Wyatt, died nth month 20, 1749-50, aged forty-three years. — 
John Smith's MS. Memorials, 623. (Friends' Library, 142 
North sixteenth Street, Philadelphia.) 

'Ann Graeme (i 700-1 765), wife of Dr. Thomas Graeme 
and daughter of Robert and Ann (Newberry) Diggs, was born at 
St. Albans, England. Her moth- 
er having married a second time 
Sir William Keith, who was ^. 

appointed Governor of ^Pennsyl- t<<' 

vania, she came over to Philadelphia with her stepfather and his 
family in 1 71 7. Two years later she was married in Christ 


1747] Hannah Logan 93 

24"' Rode to plantation. Had a pretty- 
deal of Comp^' there. 

26*^' At plantation, in planting privy- 
Hedges down the side of the Garden. 
Spent the Even° at Fire Company. 

30"' A Lovely day. Waited upon the 
Governour [George Thomas] ^ in the 
morning with a Register four our new Snow 
Prince William, w"'' he readily sign'd, & 
wish'd us Good Success with her. Then I 
went to my plantation. In the afternoon saw 
Compy go to Sam' Parr's, so I walk'd over 
to see them, & after drinking Tea there, 
they came & spent some time with me, 
viz. Jn° Kinsey, Jacob Giles, Is'' Pember- 
ton, JunV Capt° Heysham, & I. Green- 

Church to Dr. Graeme. She lived with her husband in Philadelphia 
and at the Keith Mansion, called Graeme Park, near Horsham^ 
in what is now Montgomery County. — William J. Buck MSS. 
on Graeme Park, in possession of the editor. 

1 George Thomas, a ^,1^-v 

planter in the West Indies, /^^^ ^7/C^ *^ 

assumed the governor- ^^-^l^^' Jfl^^-//Zd<^ 
ship of Pennsylvania by ^^" 

appointment of the Penn brothers in 1738. 

2 Israel Pemberton, Jr. (i7I5-I779)> son of Israel Pember- 
ton, received a good education, and engaged in business with his 
father. He was called the king of the Quakers, and stood in the- 

94 Courtship of [2' mo. 

leafe ; & I was pleased with their Company. 
[n the Evening the town was Alarmed 
with the Cry of fire, w'^^ proved a new 
house in Race y' Consumed. 

Second month. 

i^* Read the Conscious Lovers/ Grief 
Alamode," Sec'' 

forefront of the non-resistant Friends. He was active in estab- 
lishing the Pennsylvania Hospital and a liberal patron of many 
other public institutions of the city. 

He and some other Friends were not in sympathy with the 
American cause during the Revolution, and in 1777 Congress, 

fearing that their influence would be used against the colonies, 
caused him, his brothers James and John, and other Friends to be 
sent into Virginia, where they were kept in exile for eight months. 
— J. Granville Leach, in Appleton's Cyc. Bio., 706. 

^ The Conscious Lovers. A comedy [in five acts and in prose]. 
By Richard Steele. J. Tonson : London, 172.3, 8vo. [Brit. Mus. 

^ The Funeral ; or Grief a-la-mode. A comedy [in five acts 
and in prose]. By Richard Steele. London, 1702. 4". Other 
editions, 171 2 and I 721. [Brit. Mus. Cat.] 

1747] Hannah Logan 95 

3'' Spent the Even^ in Looking over A 
View of Westminster Abbey. 

7"' Rode to see Jn" Kinsey's^ & I. 
Pemberton's"^ plantations, also Lebanon* 
the way as thou goes to y*" Lower ferry. 

9"" Attended the marriage of my 
partner [Abel James] with R[ebecca] 
Chalkley."* . . . had a pretty deal of 
Compy at dinner at Abel's, & I was 
sufficiently Roasted about remaining single 

'John Kinsey owned a property immediately opposite Israel 
.'^emberton's " Evergreen," on the west side of the road leading 
to the Lower Ferry. Here he built a substantial mansion. It 
was square in shape, of one story, with a basement, a high hipped 
roof with a flat top, which was finished off with a balustrade. 
(n general appearance the house resembled the Norris mansion, 
" Fairhill." After Kinsey's death the estate was sold to James 
femberton, in 1758, and it was usually spoken of as *' Pember- 
Con's Plantation House." It was removed in 1829. — Westcott's 
Historic Mansions, 504-5. 

* Israel Pemberton, Sr., built a mansion-house, called "Ever- 
green," on *a tract of seventy-six acres of ground immediately 
south of the city, east of the road to the Lower Ferry, extending 
/rom Cedar Street, or its neighborhood, southward. At his death it 
was passed to his son James. The site of the mansion was probably 
on the line of the present Twentieth Street, and near its intersection 
with Fitzwater Street. — Westcott, Historic Mansions, 503. 

' " Lebanon," according to a later entry, was George Emlen's 
country seat. 

* Daughter of Thomas Chalkley, the minister. 

96 Courtship of [^' "^o- 

&c^ Was a little in the Even^ at B. 
Wyatt's, to take Leave of his wife &c''. She 
insists very much on my taking her son 
prentice, and I gave her some Expectations 
I would when I get Settled &c\ I presented 
her with a Large pearl Tobacco Box set in 
silver In hopes of being remembred by 
when she smoakes a pipe. 

10"' Had some of H. Logan's Compa^ 
at L P.'s in y'' forenoon, & hers & many 
other fr*** in the afternoon at A. James'. 
. . . Spent part of the Even^ at M. 
Jordan's & the Remainder at W*" Logan's 
with that dear Creature H. L., the Charm 
of whose Conversation Excells, if possible, 
those of her person. Her discourse seemed 
more Agreeable than Common this Even^ 


after being pestered with much Imperti- 
nence in the afternoon. Oh, could I be 
Blest with the favour of Retiring to it 
upon every occasion — 

Soft Source of Comfort, kind Relief from Care, 
And 'tis her least Perfection to be fair. 

ijth Was very busy; however, got 
some time to spend at I. P.'s with H. L. 

1747] Hannah Logan 97 

13^'" At my plantation. Planted Water 
Mellons. Read the Characters of Charity. 
Had E. Cathrall's Comp^, which was, as 
it generally is, very agreeable. In the 
Even" Read in D^ Sherlocke's Excellent 
Treatise on death, ^ 

14"" Spent the afternoon at the Sup: 
Court, & the Even^ in reading D''. Sher- 

I 7^'' At my plantation with Jo: Jordan 
fishing, &c'\ 

24*'' I drank Tea at Coz. Nanny 
Smith's in Co^ with some fine women who 
verifyed the Antient Remark, 

Women's Tongues of Aspden Leaves are made. 

Third month. 

4*'' Met our Library Comp^ & Voted 
&c*, and spent the Even^ with a Comittee 
of our fire Comp^ revising the Articles &c^ 

if" Read this Even^ the ist. Vol: of 

9'^ Picked some Ripe Strawberries in 
my Garden to-day, and was very much 

• Richard Sherlock, D.D., Practical Meditation upon the Four 
Last Things, viz. : I. Death. II. Judgment. III. Hell. IV. 
Heaven. London, 1692, 8vo. [Brit. Mus. Cat.] 

98 Courtship of [4'' mo. 

pleased with reading Paradise Lost, 
particularly so with the Conversation of 
Adam & Eve in Paradise. Part of Eve's 
speech struck my fancy so that I think I 
can remember it well Enough to set it 
down, — the Latter part of it being apropos 
to my present circumstances — 

With thee Conversing I forget all time. 

Nor Glittering Star Light, without thee is sweet. 

Fourth month. 

I St Walked down to see Gov'' Thomas 
& his wife take shipping, w*"'' they did at 
Powel's wharf, being Accompanied by 
Abundance of people. 

11^ Drank Tea at May Calvert's with 
several Girls. 

23'^ Our meeting was very Large. 
Whitefield, 2 Moravian preachers & several 
others that were not friends were there. 
Drank Tea at L Pemberton's 
with several fr''", and spent the Even^ there 
with H. Logan &c''. 

29*^ Drank Tea at Jno. Armitt's with 
the Girls, &c'\ 

1 747] Hannah Logan 99 

Fifth ni07ith. 

\^ Spent the day at my plantation in 
reading Dr. Sam'l Clarke's sermons, A 
Tour thro' Great Brittain, &c'\ 

4"' Even^ Read Shakespeare. 

9"' Drank Tea at Israel Pemberton's 
with H. Logan & several other friends. 

13"' An Express came up this morning 
from near Bombay hook, advising, as 'tis 
said, that there were yesterday afternoon 
several french privateers there who had 
Landed some men which were plundering, 
&C''. The Report preveild, & people were 
much frightened. A Council was called, 
&c% but some of us doubted the Truth of 
it. A little time will manifest whether we 
are right or not. I drank Tea at Isr' 
Pemberton's with M, Jordan, &c^ 

14"' Heard . . . that the Report 
which yesterday so alarmed the town proved 
Groundless, and the many hard Speeches 
made against the poor Qiiakers for their 
harmless principles serve only to show the 
malice of those who made them. 

15"' (4*^ day) It is now again said & 

u. wV \J. 

lOO Courtship of [5*' mo- 

supposed true that some Spaniards from a 
privateer near the Cape ventured in a pilott 
Boat as far as Bombay Hook, where they 
went ashore & did some mischief 

j^th ^^th ^^y~| W^s at meeting; Eliz. 
Evans & M. Lightfoot preached, & 
Chattin, a Lad who Hves at B. Franklin's, 
spoke a few words, as I heard he did ^'^ 
day Last. Spent some time after dinner at 
Jn** Armitt's, as I do almost every day, w*^ 
the Girls, &c*. 

23'' (5"' day) We were Invited to the 
funeral of our worthy friend Evan Evans 
of No: Wales.^ Drank Tea at I . Pember- 
ton's. Spent part of the Evening at M. 
Lightfoot's, whose wife is very unwell. 

24*^ (6*^ day) W" Logan, Jemmy 
Pemberton & I set out about 7. Called at 
Stenton, where the 2 Hannahs & I. Pem- 
berton jun" Joined us, & we Rode to No: 
Wales. The Corps was buried & friends got 
in the meeting house Just as we got there. 
The meeting was Large & Solid. Michael 
Lightfoot preach^ & pray**. We dined at 

' North Wales, or Gwynedd. 

^747] Hannah Logan loi 

John Evans's,' & the same Comp^ set out 
together with Antho: & John Morris. 
We stopt at Sam' Morris's — i. e. I. P. jun'" 
& myself — & drank Tea ; & riding pretty 
fast overtook the rest of the Comp^' & 
went to Ja^ Logan's, where we stay*^ 'till 9 
o'clock. Then Jemmy & I rode home, 
& our people being gone to Bed, we 
Lodged at W"" Logan's, having had an 
agreeable ride tho' upon a Sorrowful Occa- 
sion, the death of this valuable friend 
being a very great Loss to the Churches. 
— Memo: the horse that I rid — being 
Jemmy's — gave me a fall coming home 
near fairhill," but I got no hurt. 

2^th ^^th j^y^ Finished moving our 
Store, and wrote our Letters to Mesnard, 
whose Vessel Left the town today. Dined 
at A. James's, & spent part of the Evening 
at Jn" Armitt's. 

^JoHN Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Cadwallader Evans, was 
married 4th month 8, 171 5, to Eleanor, daughter of Rowland 
Ellis, of Merion. His wife was born in 1685 near Dolgellean, 
Merionethshire, Wales, and died 4th month 29, 1765. — 
Jenkins, Gwynedd, 2d ed., 167. John Smith's MS. Memorials, 
Fiiends' Library, Sixteenth Street, Philadelphia. 

* Fairhill, home of Isaac Norris. 

I02 Courtship ot L^"' 


31'* (6"' day) Attended our Mo. Meet- 
ing. Esther White preach'^ & Eliz""" Pen- 
nock pray''. Business managed prudently. 
I drank Tea at J. Reynell's. 

Sixth month. 

J St i^yth j^^y^ g^^ jj^o Qi-iffith, who is just 
returned from a Journey to N: England. 
After dinner A. Benezitt, W" Callender 
& I rode to my plantation. 

4* (3'' day) Saw 2 Live Allegators 
w*^** were sent from Georgia to Jemmy 

I o*'' ( 2** day) Agreed with Jenkins to be 
my Gardener at Richmond, to give him 
^30 p"' Annum & pay him Quarterly. 
Was in the Evening attempting to go to 
the burial of Jos. Morris's child, but Rain 
coming on I stopt before we got to the 
Grave Yard. 

1 1*'' (3" day) Agreed with Tho^ Smith to 
serve me as waiting man (a\ J^io ^, Annum. 

13*^' (5"' day) So hot that I was too Lazy 
to venture to meeting. Drank Tea at Coz. 
Nanny Smith's. Copied several paragraphs 
into my Commonplace Book. 

lunathan Belcher, (iovernor of New Jersey 

J 747] Hannah Logan lo 


j^th ^_,th ^^y-^ Busy getting my house 

j^th ^jst ^^y^ Suppd at I. Pemberton's 
with I. Greenleafe, who is Just come from 
Bush River. 

21** (6^'' day) I have been very busy in 
moving & settling in my new house. 

22^ (^yth ^^y^ After dinner J. Pole, I. 
Greenleafe, W. Griffitts, A. James & 
myself Rode to Burlington, and found 
Governour Belcher ^ at my father's, who 

^Jonathan Belcher (1682-1757), Governor respectively of 
Massachusetts and New Jersey, was a son of Andrew Belcher, 
a prosperous merchant in Boston, and a Provincial Councillor of 
Massachusetts. He was graduated from Harvard in 1699, and 
spent six years in Europe, where he visited the Court of Hanover 
twice, and by making the acquaintance of the Princess Sophia and 
her son, afterward George I. of England, prepared the way for his 
future advancement. He returned to Boston as a merchant, and 
became a 
and council- 
lor. In 1729 
he was sent to 

England as agent of the colony, and in 1730 was appointed 
governor of Massachusetts and New Hampshire, which office he 
held for eleven years, distinguishing himself by his hospitality and 
style of living. Like many of the royal governors of the colonies 
he was soon involved in a contest with the Assembly over the 
question of his salary, and this, together with some objectionable 


I04 Courtship of [6"' mo. 

Lodges & diets there. We were very 
kindly received by him & spent the Even^ 
pleasantly, the a little damped by finding 
Bro'' Sam', his Wife & Child disordered 
by a fever. Thus 

No Roses here but what on thorns do Grow. 

24*'' (2*^ day) We rode home, & tonight 
was the first I slept in my new house, 
and had the Comp^ of Lyde, Gov' 
Belcher's son-in-law. 

25"' (j'' day) Dined at my own house 

assumptions of authority, resulted in his removal in 1741. He 
then went to England, righted himself before the court, and in 1 747 
was appointed Governor of New Jersey to succeed Lewis Morris. 
Here he was able to conciliate the disaffected parties of the previous 
administration, and governed successfully until his death in 1757. 
He was deeply interested in education, giving a new charter to the 
infant College of New Jersey, now Princeton University, and used 
his personal and official influence in behalf of its endowment. On 
his arrival in New Jersey he located in Burlington, and made his 
home for several months with John Smith's father, Richard Smith, 
for whom henceforth he maintained an intimate friendship, frequently 
using his influence for preferment of the family. 

His first wife was Mary Partridge, daughter of William Partridge, 
Lieutenant-Governor of New Hampshire, whom he had married 
in 1706. She died in 1736, and during his last visit to England 
he became engaged to a widow, Mrs. Louisa Teal. In writing to 
his cousin in London under date of June 29, 1748, Governor 
Belcher sends his best compliments to "Her Imperial Royal 
Majesty the Empress Queen of Cesarea," adding that he begins 

1747] Hannah Logan 105 

with Byfield Lyde/ Esq% with whom I 

spent much of the day to show him the City, 

27*'' (5"' day) Was at meeting. M. 

Emlen preached and D. Stanton ^ pray'd. 

" to be impatient," that he is "something oldish." Mrs. Teal 
and her daughter arrived at Philadelphia in August, and as the 
entries in the Diary show John Smith received them and escorted 
them to Burlington, where the widow and Governor Belcher were 
married September 9, 1748. Of the children, all of whom were 
by the first wife, Andrew, who was a loyalist in the Revolution, 
removed to Nova Scotia, and served as a member of the Council ; 
Sarah married Byfield Lyde ; Jonathan also removed to Nova Scotia 
and became Chief Justice and Lieutenant-Governor. — Hatfield, 
Elizabeth, N. J., 377-384 ; Hutchinson, Mass. Bay; Smith, N. J.; 
Belknap, N. H. ; Neiv England Hist. & Gen. Reg., XXVII., 
237 ff; W^nsor, Boston ; Ann. Jud., N. J. ; Pa. Journal, 
Sept. 22, 1748 ; Appleton's Cyc. Bio.; N. J. Archives. 

^ Byfield Lvde, of Boston, son of Edward and Deborah 
(Byfield) Lyde, born in Boston, March 27, 1704, was graduated 

from Harvard College in 1 722; was married August 17, 1727, 
to Sarah, daughter of Jonathan and Mary (Partridge) Belcher. 
He was a royalist in the Revolution, leaving Boston with the royal 
troops. He died in Halifax in 1776. — Winsor, Boston, II., 551 •, 
Ne-zv Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., XXVII., 241 ; Drake, Boston, 
594; Savage, Gen. Diet., III., 133; Rec. Com., Boston, 
XXIV., 29. 

= Daniel Stanton (1708-1768), of Philadelphia, minister 
of the Society of Friends, traveled e.vtensively in the ministry in 
Europe and America. — Journal, Phila., 1772, 8vo. 

io6 Courtship of [6'^ mo. 

Waited on B. L. to the Proprietor's 
plantation & Cottar's [?] ferry. 

28*^ (6*^ day) Was at our Mo: meeting. 
Jos: Lynn passed the first time. Israel 
Pemberton & 1 were appointed to draw a 
Certificate for Pre: Brown ^ to Croswicks 
on acct of Marriage. Heard of several 
who have died today and a few days past 
with the Yellow fever. 

2^th ^^th ^^y^ jj^ ^j^g morning went to 
the Burial of Andrew Hamilton^ at 
Bushhill, and afternoon to that of D"" 
Kearsley's wife. Capt. Lyde set out about 
noon today for Boston. 

' Preserve Brown married Mary Sykes. He was afterward an 
elder of Chesterfield Meeting, and died 5th month 22, 1760. — 
Gilbert Cope. 

2 Andrew Hamilton ( c. 16 76-1 747) was the most eminent 
lawyer of his time in Pennsylvania, the champion of the liberty of 
the press, and the chief projector of what is now known as Inde- 
pendence Hall. He was a native 
Scotland. His parentage and 
career in the Old World he seems 
to have kept secret, as well as 
his real name. At one time in his early life he was called Trent. 
Later he used tlie name of Hamilton. About 1697, he came to 
Accomac County, Virginia, where he obtained employment as stew- 
ard of a plantation, and for a time kept a classical school. Here he 
m.inied the widow of the owner of the estate and thus bettered his 


Andrew Hamilton 

^747] Hannah Logan 107 

30"' (i'* day) Was pretty much pained 
in my head ; however was [at] both 
Meetings at the Bank. 

Seventh month. 

1^ (4*'' day) Rode after dinner with A. 
James & E. Cathrall to point. When I 
came home found my Sister & Jenny 
Large at my house. 

9"* (4'^' day) Had an invitation from J. 
Kinsey to dine with him, but having 
Company at home prevented me. 

12*^ (y*'' day) Rode to the burial of 
EHz*'' Thomas at Darby. Waited upon 
D. Morris, &c' home. 

fortunes. He practiced law in Maryland for some years and then, 
prior to 1716, removed to Philadelphia. Thenceforth, in addition 
to his professional duties, he was always holding some public office. 
He was made Attorney-General of Pennsylvania in 1 71 7; Pro- 
vincial Councillor in 1721 ; Speaker of the Assembly in 1729; 
and Judge of the Vice-Admiralty Court in I 737. The crowning 
glory of his career was his famous defense of John Peter Zanger, 
the printer of New York City, in 1 735, which he undertook 
without fee or reward. The winning of this case was hailed by the 
people of the colonies as a great victory for the cause of free dis- 
cussion of the conduct of public men. Gouverneur Morris referred 
to Hamilton as "the day-star of the American Revolution," and 
the Common Council of New York passed a resolution thanking 
him for his services, and presented him with the freedom of the 
city. — Charles P. Keith, Provincial Councillors, 120 ff. 

io8 Courtship of [7*'mo. 

j^th ^ jst ^^y^ Was morning at the Great 
meeting, having first visited John Armitt, 
who came home yesterday from accompany- 
ing our friend Tho. Gawthrop to N. 
England. Ann Widowfield pray'd, M. 
Lightfoot preached above an hour, and 
very well. 

14*'' (2*^ day) Intended today to have 
gone to see Jane Hoskins,^ who it is said 
is very ill, but was disappointed. Heard 
that there are two privateers at our Cape, 
who have taken several Ships. 

1 6'^ (4"' day) Employed in visiting &c** 
in the morning Jn" Armitt & 1 rode to 
my plantation. Found my Gardener very 
ill with a pain in side. Took some care of 
him by getting him Camomile Tea, &c''. 

j^th ^^th j^y^ Went to J. Pemberton's. 
T. Gawthrop came to town while I was 
there, which gave me a good deal of pleasure 
to see him return hearty after a fatiguing 

Mane Hoskins, a Q_uaker minister, a native of London, came 
to Pennsylvania in 1712 as an indentured servant, serving for a 
term of three years to pay for her passage. She lived for many 
years as housekeeper in the family of David Lloyd, at Chester. 
she made several religious visits to Great Britain. — Autobiography, 
Friends' Library, I., 460. 

1747] Hannah Logan 109 

Journey of 1400 miles in Eleven weeks. 
Had there likewise the Company of Sarah 
& H. Logan, &c'. Spent part of the 
Evening at J. Armitt's & J. Reynell's. 
Heard as I returned home the Certainty 
of our ship Bolton's being taken at our 
Cape by a privateer Sloop who has likewise 
taken several Vessells. Endeavored to be 
Resigned in this great Loss and disappoint- 
ment, & to say without murmuring. Shall 
we receive Good & Shall we not also 
receive Evil, &c'\ 

1 8"' (6**^ day) Had the Condolence of 
several of our friends on the Loss of the 

1 9"' ( 7*^ day) Waited upon Gov"" Belcher 
at Jos: Cooper's, and Conducted him to 
my house. Had pretty deal of Company 
to Supper with him. 

20"' Was forenoon & afternoon at the 
Bank, & it being our Annual Meeting 
was Large. . . . Was Evening at the 
Great Meeting, at which was Gov*" Belcher. 
Sam' Large, Nathan Lewis & M. Light- 
foot preached & T. Gawthrop pray'd. 

21"* (2'' day) . . . Afternoon waited 

iio Courtship of [y^'nio. 

upon the Governor to the Great house. 
M. Yarnal, Jos. White and Phebe Smith 
preach'd & Sarah Morris pray'd. 

22*^ (3'' day) Was at our morning meet- 
ing of business, & was appointed with A. 
Farrington to draw an Epistle to friends in 
Maryland ; then waited upon the Governor 
to the Bank Meeting. Sus'' Morris pray'd, 
Tho. Carleton,^ Sus'' Morris, N. Lewis & 
his wife & M. Lightfoot preach'd, & 
Peter Davis, an ancient friend from N. 
England pray'd. In the Even*^, Drew the 
Epistle to Maryland. 

25*'' (6"' day) Joined with Governour & 

Supreme Court did". At the wid" Evans's. 

Jesse Browne was buried this 

evening, dying in 48 hours of yellow fever. 

26"' (7"' day) Waited upon Gov'" Belcher 

1 Thomas Carleton (i 699-1 792), a much-esteemed minister 
of the Friends, was a native of Ballyhaken, Ireland, and came to 
Pennsylvania with his parents in 171 1. His residence was in 

^ ^ ^^^ y^ Kennett Town- 

^^yAcr-yn fi^ ^^<J*^-t^!^^>7tship, Chester 
w County. His 

wife was Hannah Roberts (1689-1758), widow of Robert Roberts, 
and daughter of William Howell, of Haverford. — Myers, Immi- 
gration of the Irish Quakers, 286—7 j Futhey and Cope, Chester 
Co., Pa., 493. 

1747] Hannah Logan 1 1 1 

over the river on his way to Burlington, 
as did several others. About noon Jenny 
Large & E. Smith & I set out for & got to 
Aaron Ashbridge's in the Evening, where 
we were kindly received. 

27*'' (i"' day) Were at Goshen Meeting. 
Eliza: Ashbridge ^ & Mary James preach'd 
& Mary pray'd. We dined at A. A.'s, as 
did M. Yarnal & Wife & several other 
friends. Then we visited Davis's, where 
we drank Tea. 

28*'' (2^^ day) Took leave of our kind 
friends, and got home about 2 o'clock. 
Heard that Jn" Harding lies dead of the 
Yellow Fever. 

29*'' (3'' day) Had the Comp^ of Jane 
Hoskins, &c% to dine with me. Spent 
the afternoon at I. Pemberton Jun"", with 
the overseers of the press upon Tho^ 
Chalkley's Journal.^ 

1 Elizabeth Ashbridge (171 3-1746), a native of Middlcwich, 
Cheshire, England, came to America as a redemptioner, and after 
a wandering career, which she interestingly describes in her auto- 
biography, she was married to Aaron Ashbridge, of Chester County, 
and became a Quaker minister. — Friends' Library, IV., 10 ff. 

'- A I Collection | of the | Works | of | Thomas Chalkley. | In 
Two Parts. | . . . Philadelphia : Printed by B. Franklin, 

112 Courtship of [s^'^mo. 

Eighth month. 

jst^^th ^j^y^ ^^g ^j. meeting. D. Stanton 
pray'd, Michael Lightfoot preach'd, & M. 
Emlen pray'd. Being our Annual Election 
the Old Assembly Men were rechose, viz., 
John Kinsey, Joseph Trotter, Owen Evan, 
Isaac Norris, Edw Warner,^ Hugh Evans, 
Thomas Leech,^ James Morris. For my 
part, I thought the last Six had been In 
long Enough, & therefore Voted for W" 
Callender, Is'" Pembertonjun'', W™Clymer, 
Hugh Roberts, Jn° Evans & Tho' 
Fletcher in their room. Rich. Sewel was 
chose Sheriff in the room of Nlcho^ SculP 

without opposition & the Assessors 

Commissioner Jn° Jones, Carpenter. 

1^ {G-^ day) Was at our City Election, 
and Israel Pemberton declining to serve as 

and D. Hall, MDCCXLIX | 8vo. — Hildeburn, Issues of the 
Penna. Press, 242. 

1 Edward Warner, a prominent Friend, annually elected a 
member of the Assembly from 1 73 5 until his death in 1 754. 

2 Thomas Leech represented Philadelphia County in the Assem- 
bly for nearly thirty years, being chosen Speaker in 1758. He 
was vestryman and warden of Christ Church, and a trustee of the 
College and Academy of Philadelphia. — Pa. Mag., H., 245. 

3 Nicholas Scull, a leading surveyor and map-maker, afterward 
Surveyor-General of the Province. 

^747] Hannah Loo-an 1 1 ^^ 

Burgess, John Dilwyn was proposed in 
his room, but many being still for the Old 
hands occasioned us to divide, which, some 
of the other party understanding, framed a 
Ticket for John Ross,^ and to get it to 
pass current among the people put Hugh 
Roberts with him. This being discovered, 
united us in prosecuting the Old Tickett, 
and Israel & Oswald Peel were chose by 
a large majority, tho' they got 60 Votes 
for Ross. The Assessors chose are Ste: 
Armitt, W" Callender, Tho^ Howard, Jn" 
Dilwyn, Philip Syng^ & Jn"^ Mifflin. 

'John Ross ( 1714-1776), a native of New Castle, Delaware, 
was a son of George Ross, an Episcopal clergyman. He was 
admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in 1735 
and by 1 743 had become the chief professional rival of Andrew 
Hamilton. John Adams, in his Diary, September 25, 1776, says 
he was " a lawyer of great eloquence and heretofore of extensive 
practice, a great Tory, but now they say beginning to be converted. ' ' 
— Appleton, Cyc. Bio. 

2 Philip Syng (1703-1789), goldsmith, grandfather of the 
eminent physician Philip Syng Physick ( 1768-1837) ; married, 

in 1724, Han- 
nah Learning, 
widow, of Cape 
May, New 
Jersey, and 
again, Febru- 
ary 5th, 1730, Elizabeth Warner (1714-1789). He was City 
Warden in 1753, City Treasurer 1 759-1 769, and Commissioner of 
Appeals in 1764. — Hist. Schuylkill Fishing Co., 357; Gilbert Cope. 


114 Courtship of [8*'' mo. 

f (7"' day) My Bro'' William & Coz 
John arrived from Barbadoes about noon, 
to our great Joy, it having been a very 
sickly time there, several of our young 
men having died of the Yellow fever, viz., 
James Bingham, Matthew Medicalfe, &c'. 
By them I had a very acceptable Letter 
from Dear Doctor Gamble. 

4*'' (I'^'day) R. Pleasants, I. Greenleafe, 
Jemmy Pemberton & I rode to Stenton, 
from thence toGermantown meeting, which 
was silent. We dined & drank Tea at James 
Logan's, where we were very Genteelly 
treated. Came home & went to our 
Evening Meeting. D. Stanton preached 
& E. Pennock pray'd. 

gth ^^ti. day) Busy in purchasing & 
opening a Large quantity of Goods of Sam' 
Powel, Jun"", Executor, Sc(f. Was to day at 
meeting, which I thought a very good one. 

12*^'* (2*^ day) Had several friends to 
dine with me, viz., B. Wyat & his wife & 
daughter, M. Jordan, A. Benezitt & wife, 
J. Armitt & wife, M. Newbury, M. 

1747] Hannah Logan 115 

Redwood/ J. Callender, I. Pemberton, 
Jun"", M. Lightfoot, R. Pleasants, I. 
Greenleafe & Johny Smith. 

16"' (6'^ day) This day my partner & I 
gave our Bond to W. Coleman & James 
Pemberton as executor to S. Powel's 
Estate, viz., one for ^2001—4-3, payable 
the 25*^' of March next, and the other for 
^2000, payable the 25*'' of September, 
being the amount of sundry Invoices of 
Goods bought of them. 

j^th ^^th ^^yj Afternoon John Armitt 
and I rode to my plantation. Memo : 
agreed several days ago with Martin 
Grudy to Rent it to him at ^30 P'' Annum 
for one year, reserving to myself the Brick 
house & Garden. 

jgth ^jst ^^y^ Qj^jj. Antient friend Ann 

Pierce," alias Pile, was buried this afternoon, 

1 Probably Mehitable Redwood, whose father, according to a 
certificate of removal from the Friends' Monthly Meeting at 
Newport, Rhode Island, dated yth month 29, 1747, and received by 
Philadelphia Monthly Meeting 8th month 30, 1747, " required her 
to Reside amongst the Friends of Philadelphia for some time " for 
her improvement. — Myers, Quaker Arrivals at Philadelphia, 112. 

2 Ann Peirce, formerly Webb, was married at Philadelphia, in 
1713, to Nicholas Pyle, of Concord, and 4th month i6th, 1725, 
to George Peirce, of Thornbury, Chester County. — Gilbert Cope. 

ii6 Courtship of [8"'mo. 

but I had Company which prevented my 
being at her funeral. 

19*^ (2'^ day) Employed most of it 
[day] in posting my Books. 

^jst ^^th ^^y^ jj^o Reynell & I waited 
upon Jane Hoskins & Sarah Homan to 
Burlington on their way to Shrewsbury 
yearly meeting. We got there in the 
Evening, & Lit at father's. Found 
Governour Belcher there, and all well. 

22'^ (5"' day) The Gov"" went with us to 
meeting, which was silent. Jn° & I 
returned home well, meeting Sarah & 
Hannah Logan, who were going home. 

23'^ (6"' day) Spent the afternoon in 
reviewing the ace* between S. Carpenter & 
T. Shute, w^'' W'" Callender, Jn° Armitt & 
I had sometime since arbitrated, &c*. 

24"' (7"' day) A very pleasant day, which 
I was Exceeding glad of, as I understood 
H. Logan went to Burlington last night, 
& my sister & she set out from thence 
this morning for Shrewsbury. 

28* (4"' day) Was this forenoon in a 
most uneasy disposition of mind, having 

1747] Hannah Logan 117 

an eager Inclination to go to Burlington 
to meet the friends from Shrewsbury, & 
was afraid to do it, Least it should disoblige 
my dearest Hannah, who I expected would 
be among them. These different passions 
contested so Long that they Actually made 
me sick. However, Love prevailed, and 
I privately went. They got to Burlington 
soon after I did. — I met H. at my 
Brother's. Had but little of her Company, 
thought she did not like my coming. Oh 
Racking thought! 

29*'' ( 5*'' day) Was at meeting at Burling- 
ton. The Gov"" &c% was there. . . . 
H. Logan dined with the friends at my 
Father's. I was Exceedingly pleased to 
See her there, and yet Trembled Least it 
was not a pleasure to her to be there. 
What pain is there in a state of doubt and 
uncertainty ! They set out after dinner 
for Mount Holly, and I ^.waited upon 
them. . . . Jane & Hannah Lodged 
at B. Bispham's, as I also did ; the other 
friends at Josiah White's. 

30"^ (6"" day) Last night there fell 

ii8 Courtship of [^'' "^o- 

abundance of Rain, and the morning being 
likewise very rainy & an E. Storm, 1 sent 
a man to Burlington to Beg the Loan of 
the Governour's 4 wheel'' Chaise, which he 
readily sent. I wrote to him upon it, and 
to My Dear Father by the same optunity, 
wherein I told him, among other things, 
that the Health of what is dearer to me 
than Life occasioned my taking that Step, 
&C'''. About 10 o'clock the Chaise came 
& Jane & Hannah riding in it. We got 
in pretty good time to Evesham meeting, 
. we dined at the wid" Evans's, and 
after dinner Rode to Eliz'^ Estaugh's,^ that 
is Jane, Hannah & I, with Eben"" Hopkin 
& Isa: Andrews. The good widow received 
us kindly, but the pleasure that I should 
otherwise have had in the Evening's 
Conversation was Lost by dear Hannah's 

' Elizabeth Estaugh ( i 682-1 762), daughter of John Haddon, 
a Friend, of St. George, Surrey, England, came over to New Jersey 
in 1 70 1, as a girl of nineteen, and settled on a large tract of land 
owned by her father at the site of the present town of Haddonfield, 
which was named for her family. In 1702 she married John 
Estaugh (1676-1742), a young Quaker minister from Kelvedon, 
England. He died while on a religious visit to the Island of Tortola. 
— Prowell, History Camden Co., N. J., 646-7. 

1747] Hannah Logan 119 

having got a pain in her head, which I 
thought occasioned by riding too far today. 

31'^ (7''' day) Leaving the fr*^' at EHz. 
Estaugh's I rode home, and sent my man 
to Mount Holly to Bring their horses down 
to them. Visited several fr*^". Heard of 
the Arrival of our Snow Prince William at 
Barbadoes, and think this hath been a 
week of continued mercies to me. May 
I be Bowed into deep Thankfulness to the 
fountain of all Goodness, who doeth 
whatsoever he pleaseth, and if it be his 
pleasure still to favovir me with more 
Blessings which I know I do not merit, 
or to Try me with distress & pain, which 
for my many failings & Errors I Justly 
deserve, may I always be helped to say in 
Truth & Sincerity, Thy will be done, and 
Let all thy dispensations produce Praise & 
Renown to thine Everworthy name 

Ninth month. 

2'' (2"* day) Was at our Quarterly 
meeting. . . . Business managed in 
Brotherlv Love & Condescension. 

I20 Courtship of [9"' >^o- 

^th ^^tu j^y^ This evening I spent in 
diligently posting our Company Books. 

gti. ^jst j^yj Was forenoon and afternoon 
at the Bank, which I now call our meeting. 
Morning Sam' Pennock made a long story, 
& would have done a much longer, but 
Antho: Morris told him he had said 

9*'' (2*^ day) I rode to my plantation, 
drank Tea &c% then had in the Even^ my 
Brother Samuel's Company. 

jQth ^^a ^^y-^ Waited upon Tho' 
Gawthrop to Chester general meeting, as 
did also Rachel & Jesse Pemberton, M. 
Jordan & Jn" Armitt. Jesse & I with the 
women did not get to meeting 'till late. Jn" 
Griffith ^ was just concluding a testimony, 
then Peter Davis & Tho" Gawthrop 
preached & Eliz'' Shipley '^ pray'd. I 
thought it a good meeting. 

^ John Griffith, a noted Quaker minister of the time. The 
journal of his life and travels has been printed. 

^ Elizabeth Shipley, an eminent Quaker minister, second wife 
of William Shipley, an emigrant from Leicestershire, England, and 
one of I he founders of Wilmington, Delaware. She was a 

^747] Hannah Logan 121 

II*'' (4'" day) Lodged at fr*^ Lloyd's \ 
last night, & came this day with the friends 
to Darby meeting. Peter Davis preached. 
I dined at Samuel Bunting's," & we 
returned safe home. 

13"' (6*'' day) Busy in posting our 
Company books. 

14"' (7*'' day) Heard in the Evening the 
death of Jona : Paul, who a few days ago 
had a fall from his bourse that fractured 
his skull, & he died today. 

1 5"' ( i'* day) Was morning at the Great 
meeting. . . . Peter & M. Lightfodt, 
J. Pemberton, L Greenleafe, &c'' dined with 

daughter of Samuel Levis, of Springfield, now Delaware County, 
Pennsylvania. — Ferris, Original Settlements on the Delaware, 
252 ff. 

' Grace Lloyd, nee Growden, widow of David Lloyd 
(1656-1731), the well- 
known leader of the popular 
party of the Provincial 
Assembly. They resided 
at Chester. — Smith, Hist. 
Del. Co., Pa., 480-1. 

2 Samuel Bunting (1699-1758), son of William and Mary 
Bunting, of Derbyshire, England, came to Pennsylvania in 1722 
and settled at Darby. He married Sarah, daughter of Josiah and 
Sarah Fearne, 9th month 22, 1727. — Morgan Bunting, Chart of 
Bunting Family. 

122 Courtship of [9*"nio. 

me. Several fr"^^ were gone, viz., T. G. &c% 
to the burial of J. Paul at Germantown. 
Was in the afternoon at our own meeting, 
which was silent. . . . Was at Even- 
ing meeting, which I thought a very 
melting time. 

1 6"' (2'^ day) Very busy in posting Sec"*" 
the forenoon, & in the afternoon in review- 
ing the Accts. between Tho^ Shute & S. 
Carpenter with the other Arbitrators, and 
we remain clearly of the same opinion we 
were when we signed the award. Spent 
the Even^ at I. Pemberton's, where was 
W™ & Hannah Logan the Charmer. 

17*'' (3*^ day) In the Evening wrote 
Letters to John Haslam & Christo*" 
Wilson, intending to send them by the 
friends who expect to sail in a few days. 

1 8*^ (4**^ day) Was part of the day at the 
Court of Oyer & Terminer, called on 
purpose to Try three Villains for a Burglary 
& Robbery of the widow Cox at my 
Accusing, &c% which was so clearly proved 
that the Jury soon found them Guilty. 

1747] Hannah Logan 123 

19"* (5*'' day) Heard that Sentence of 
Death was passed on the poor Villains 
mentioned above. Was in the Even^ 
bound with Isa: Greenleafe to Sam' Clemens 
for ^350 if Is'" Greenleafe does not send a 
Title to some land &c' in 12 months. 

20*'* (6*'* day) Very busy in writing 
Letters to go by the friends with Capt. 
White. Wrote to Elias Bland, D. Hunt, 
E. Peckover^ & S. Hopwood. 

^jst ^^th j^^y^ Spent the day in visiting 
my fr*^'. Drank Tea at Jn" Armitt's. 
Had in the Even^ my father's Company. 

24''' (3'' day) Was at meeting. B. 
Trotter & T. G. preached, & the latter 
pray'd. Helped them pack up &c% & 
spent the Evening with them at Israel 
Pemberton's in a silent retirement . 
sitting under our Vines in quietness, whilst 

* Richard Smith, Jr., of Burlington, wrote to his son, John 
Smith, in Philadelphia, under date of Sixth month 19, 1747, that 
Jonathan Belcher, the newly-appointed Governor of New Jersey, 
had " at the request of some ffrds in London brought over Edm* 
Peckovers son who for his father's sake he says he will prefer on 
his reformation. I have Got thy Bror Sam' to take him in to be 
at his house In order to keep him out of bad Company." — John 
Smith's Correspondence, Am 158, Hist. Soc. Penna. 

124 Courtship of [9"'mo. 

some hundreds of the Inhabitants were 
met at the new Building to sign an 
Association for defending themselves in 
case of an Attack which abundance of 
people are afraid of next Spring.^ 

2^th ^^th j^y'j Xho^ Gawthrop having 
received an inclination to go to Bucks 
Quarterly Meeting, D. Stanton,C. Marshall 
& I waited upon him to Neshaminneh, & 
went with them to the meeting for ministers 
& Elders. Margett Ellis, Sarah Lewis & 
Eliz. Morgan preach'd and Marget Lewis 
pray'd. Dined at Jos. Ritchison's [Rich- 

' The Province was now in constant fear of attack from the 
French, but the Governor vainly urged the necessity for defense. 
The Quaker majority in the Assembly held to their non-resistance 
principles and refused to contribute aid for the support of war. 
Franklin now became an effective leader of the war party, and in 
this year, 1747, issued his able pamphlet, " Plain Truth," which 
was largely instrumental in crystallizing public opinion in the deter- 
mination to adopt a policy of public defense. On November 21st 
a number of inhabitants met in Walton's school-room and resolved 
to form an association for military purposes. A committee was 
appointed to draft a plan of an association, which was submitted to 
a subsequent assemblage, which met at Roberts' Coffee-House, in 
Front Street. The next day the articles were ready for signing 
" at the new building." In three days five hundred signatures were 
obtained, and the work of volunteering still went on, not only in 
the City but throughout the Province. — Scharf and Westcott, 
Philadelphia, I., 214. 

1747] Hannah Logan 125 

ardson's] , where Daniel & I Lodged ; 
the other friends went to David Wilson's. 

26*^' (5"' day) The meeting was Large. 
Ben Field's^ wife pray'd, Enoch Pearson & 
Tho^ Gawthrop preach'd. The Latter was 
very close upon the Ministers & Elders ; 
his subject, Watch & pray &c*. Meeting 
of worship being over, Thomas Gawthrop 
& I dined at D. Wilson's, & returned home 
very cold & weary. 

27*'' (6"* day) Was at our monthly 
meeting . . . perceived by the Last 
minutes that John Armitt, John Morris, 
Antho. Benezitt & John Drinker were 
then added to the number of Overseers, & 
there were Antho. Morris, Jn° Bringhurst, 
W™ Callender & Jn" Reynells appointed 
to deal with such persons as refused to 
acknowledge their fault in joyning to fit 
out a Ship of War &c'', who now reported 
that Rob* StretteP told them he would 

'Ben Fell (?). 

^Robert Strettell (1693—17 ), a native of Dublin, 
Provincial Councillor and Mayor of Philadelphia ; a Friend, but like 
James Logan, an advocate of defensive war. — See Myers, 
Immigration of the Irish Quakers, 263-7 ; Keith, Councillors. 

126 Courtship of [9"' mo. 

send his opinion in writing, w*''' was 
produced & Read, wherein he justified his 
Conduct, & charged friends with persecu- 
tion for Conscience' Sake &c% and they 
also reported that W™ Coleman and Reece 
Meredith refused to give any satisfaction. 
The Affair was deferred another month at 
the request of some friends who had a 
mind to visit them. 

30^'' (2'' day) Pretty many met at Israel 
Pemberton's to take Leave of the friends, 
& had a setting together. Peter preached, 
then some of us accompanied the fr''" to 
Chester, viz. Israel Pembertons, Sen and 
Jun*" and James, Jn° Dilwyn, W™ Brown, 
Jn" Bringhurst, . . Jesse Elfreth, Isaac 
Lane [Zane?], Sam^ Noble, W" Logan, 
Judah Foulk,^ John Morris & myself. 
Most of them returned. In the Evening 
those that stayed had a meeting with the 
fr*^^ & many others at fr'^ Lloyds. 

'Judah Foulke (i 722-1 776), was a prominent and active 
citizen of Philadelphia. From I 745 to 1750 he was Collector of 
Excise for the city. In 1770 he was sheriff. In 1743 he 
married Mary, daughter of John and Mary (Claypoole) Bring- 
hurst. — Jenkins, Gwynedd, isted., 215. 

1747] Hannah Logan 127 

W" Logan & I Lodged together at 

Tc7ith month. 
J St ^'^(1 j^g^y.^ jj^ morning had another 
sitting with the fr''", . . . then took 
Leave, and they, viz, T. Gawthrop, P. 
Davis, J. Griffith, & L Greenleafe went 
on board Ship Widow, White M'', bound 
for London, & W. Logan & I saw them 
on & took leave of them there, I wrote 
to Uncle Large this morning. We returned 
home in the afternoon, having H, Logan 
& E. Hudson in Comp-^', 

1^ (4*'' day) Spent some time in the 
afternoon in again reviewing the trouble- 
some business between S. Carpenter & T. 
Shute, & continue still of the same mind. 

^th ^^tii ^^y^ Busy in posting, &c''. Was 
in afternoon at burial of Joseph Richards. 

5*'' (7*'' day) Busy in writing. i of the 
wretches mentioned the 1 8th ultimo were 
executed to day, the other reprieved. 

8"' {-f day) Was at our meeting. D. 
Stanton preach'd & M. Yarnal pray'd. 

128 Courtship of [io»Niio. 

Drank Tea at John Reynells with M. 
Redwood &c", where I wrote a Letter to 
S. Whipple. 

9'^ (4*'' day) Had I. Pemberton Jun"" to 
Invite me to his wedding to-morrow, & in 
the Even^ had A. Farrington & My bro. 
Samuel at my house. 

jQth ^^th ^^y^ Was at meeting. D. 
Stanton, B. Trotter & A. Farrington 
preach'd, then Israel Pemberton Jun'' was 
married to M. Jordan. Both spoke very 
well. The dinner was at Israel's, house, 
where there was much Company. Had in 
the Evening the pleasure of waiting upon 
Dear Hannah to her brother's, but could 
not get an opportunity for any private 
Conversation, which I have long wanted. 

1 1 ^'' (6^^' day) Spent the afternoon & 
Even^' at I. Pemberton jun'■^ 

12"' (7'^ day) Being a little disordered 
in body and a great deal in mind, I kept 
my Chamber today. 

j^th ^jst ^^y^ Kept house. Employed 
the Day in reading and writing. 

1747] Hannah Logan 129 

14"' (2'' day) Employed it [the day] as 

15"' (3** day) Was at meeting. Sam' 
Pennock spoke & D. Stanton pray'd. Had 
Sally Morris's Comp^ &c"' in the afternoon, 

1 6"' (4*'' day) A parcel of us went in Slays to 
John Kinsey's plantation. Drank Tea &c'\ 

j^th ^^th ^^y^ Was at meeting, at which 
J. Bartram was married. Dined with Israel 
Pemberton jun"". Had afternoon & Even^ 
at my house the Company yesterday men- 
tioned viz. Susy Galloway, H. Kearny, 
M. Redwood, M. Newbury, R. Owen, J. 
Kinsey sen"" & jun"", J. Foulk & wife, C. 
Evans, Jos. Galloway jun''. Jemmy Pem- 
berton &: Jonas Redwood.^ 

1 8*'' (6*'' day) Waited upon the most of 
the above Comp^ to Germantown. Instead 
of J. Kinsey, J. Pemberton and M. 
Newbury we had Tho^ Crosby & E. 
Kearney. Dined at a Tavern & got safe 
home. The river froze fast last night. 

^ Jonas Langford Redwood, son of Abraham Redwood, of 
Rhode Island, was sent by his father to Philadelphia, probably to 
attend the Friends' School. — Myers, Quaker Arrivals, 112. 

130 Courtship of [10'" mo. 

j^th ^yth ^^^^ Busy writing & reading. 

20"' (i"'' day) Was forenoon and after- 
noon at our own meeting. The former 
was silent ; at the latter R. Worrell's wife 
& B. Trotter spoke & M. Lightfoot pray'd. 
Drank Tea at W" Calender's. Was at 
Evening meeting ; D. Stanton preach'd & 
Sally Morris pray'd, & it being slippery 
walking, I waited upon the latter home, 
then called and spent some time at I. 

21"' (2'* day) Went in a Slay to W" 
Callender's plantation & dined there. 

22*^ (3'' day) Was at meeting, w'*' was 

23*^ (4*'' day) Met the fr''' in the after- 
noon upon T. Chalkley's Journal. 

24*^ (5*'* day) Was at meeting ; B. 
Trotter preach'd. Afternoon met the fr*** 
upon T. Chalkley's Journal. 

25*'' (6"' day) Was at our Mo. Meeting. 
Dan^ Stanton preach'd & Aba: Borton 
pray'd. Report was made that W"" Cole- 
man, R. Meredith & R. Strettel continued 

1747] Hannah Logan 131 

in a disposition to Justifie their Conduct, 
& no likelyhood of tlieir giving fr**" any 
satisfaction, wherefore A. Morris, J. 
Pemberton, J. Bringhurst, J. Reynei, I. 
Pemberton jun"" and myself were appointed 
to draw up Testimonies against them, and 
as Amos Strettel ^ had been dealt with for 
the same, & appeared to be in the like 
disposition, the same fr*^^ were likewise to 
draw up one against him. This affair was 
Conducted with Unanimity except some 
opposition from Isa: Norris.'^ I was also 

'Amos Strettell (1720- ), son of Robert Strettell, 

Provincial Councillor and Mayor, was married in 1752 to Hannah, 
daughter of Samuel Hansell, also Provincial Councillor. He 
became an Alderman in 1776 and Assemblyman in 1780. — Keith, 

^ Isaac Norris (1701-1766), Speaker of the Pennsylvania 
Assembly 1 75 1— 1 766, one of the ablest of the colonial statesmen 
of Pennsylvania, was a son of Isaac Norris (1671-1735), Mayor 
and Provincial Councillor, and a grandson of Governor Thomas 
Lloyd. He was in mercantile business until 1743. Prior to his 
father's death he resided in W^illiam Penn's " Slate-roof House " ; 
afterwards he removed to " Fairhill," the country-seat established 
by his father about 171 8, lying north of the city on the road to 
Germantown. In 1734 he was elected to the Assembly, and in 
1739 came to the fore as the leader of the popular Quaker party. 
In 1 75 1, when the old State House bell was ordered from England, 
it was he who directed the famous inscription to be placed around 
it. He had the literary tastes of the Quaker connection to which 

132 Courtship of [10'^ mo. 

appointed with John Drinker to prepare 
Testimonies against John Clair and 
Nicholas Cassel for not attending meetings 
and marrying out of Unity. Several parts 
of our discipline necessary on the present 
worries were ordered to be publicly read. 

2^th ^^th (\2.y^ Busy in reading dzc''. 

2^^^ (3'' day) Was at meeting. . . . 
1 drank Tea at I. Pemberton's, and spent 
the Evening there in company with several 
friends, among whom was dear H. Logan, 
whom I waited upon to her Brother's, and 
spent some time there in very agreeable 
Conversation. The Ice in the river began 
to drive last night. 

^Qtb ^^th ^^^^ After dinner Cha: Pem- 
berton & I rode in my new chair to Point. 
Drank Tea there. In the Evening read 
from Brother Samuel, Necessary Truth ^ 

he belonged, and collected a fine library for that time. He wrote 
with ease in French and Latin, and had some knowledge of Hebrew. 
He was married in 1739 ^° Sarah (171 5-1 744), daughter of 
James Logan, by whom he had one daughter, Mary, who married 
John Dickinson, the great statesman of the Revolution. — Keith, 
Councillors, 48 ff. 

^ Necessary Truth : Or Seasonable Considerations for the In- 
habitants of Philadelphia, ... In Relation to the Pamphlet, 
call'd Plain Truth etc. Philadelphia, 1748. 8" 16 pp. 

1747] Hannah Logan 133 

&c*. After reading it I carried it to W" 
Bradford/ & agreed with him to print 500 
of them for ^3. 10, & to give them away 
except sending 50 of them to me. I kept 
it private only between W. Callender, E. 
Catheral & myself. 

31'' (5*'' day) Was at meeting. M. 
Emlen, B. Trotter, M. Holland & M. 
Lightfoot preach'd, and S. Morris pray'd. 
Dined with the latter & dear H. Logan 
at I. Pemberton's. After lingering there 
some time went to LP. Jun*", & received 
the Book of Discipline to Copy such parts 
of it as the fr'"^ appointed by the last mo: 
meeting think necessary to be read publicly, 
which he read at the Great Meeting house 
last first day morning. Spent some time 
in copying it, then had an opportunity of 

'William Bradford (1719-1791), printer and soldier of the 
Revolution. He was a grandson of William Bradford 
(1658-1752), the first printer in Pennsylvania. For a time he 
was a partner of his uncle, Andrew Bradford, publisher of the 
American Weekly Mercury of Philadelphia. In 1 742 he began 
the publication of the Pennsyl'vatiia yournal. As a major, and 
afterward as a colonel, he participated in the War of the Revolution. 
— Appleton Cy. Amer. Bio., I., 350. 

134 Courtship of [io*mo. 

Conversing with Isa: Grifitts,^ in which I 
Endeavoured to Convince him of his Error 
in Joining to fit out Ship of War &c% and 
of his Duty to Acknowledge it, but am 
afraid it will have but little Effect, though 
he did not appear to be in the least 
displeased with me for my Love. W"" 
Logan & S. Shoemaker^ & E. Catheral 
were in Company, & the two former 
Joined too much against me in some parts 
of the Argument, but as my Aim was not 
for Victory but Information, we discoursed 
with [out] heat of passion and friendly. 
Had afterwards an opportunity of Shewing 

1 Isaac Griffitts ( -1755), ^o" °f Thomas Griffitts, 

Provincial Councillor, served for a time as sheriff of Philadelphia 
/ '^ Samuel Shoemaker, of the v^ell-known family of German- 
town and Philadelphia of that name, was a prominent Quaker 
merchant of the city, holding numerous prominent positions — 
Councilman, Alderman, Justice of the Peace, Mayor, City 
Treasurer, and Member of Assembly. He was a signer of the 
Non-Importation Agreement of 1765, but was a pronounced 
loyalist in the Revolution. On the British evacuation of the city 
in 1778 he accompanied the Army to New York, his property 
then being confiscated by the Americans. In 1783 he went to 
England, and in company with Benjamin West, the artist, had an 
interview with George III. and the royal family, an interesting 
account of which is given in his diary. — Pa. Mag., II. 

Mrs. Charles WillinE 

1747] Hannah Logan 135 

S. S. the 35 Chap: of Jeremiah as proof of 
one position I advanced & w*''' he 
acknowledged was sufficient ; — that was, 
" That it is the Duty of such as are 
descended from rehgious Parents to obey 
their precepts & Conform to the Rules they 
have prescribed, unless they contain any- 
thing Contrary to the Law of God &c'''. " 
I spent the Evening with our fire com- 
pany. 22 of us met, & defence & the 
Association was much the subject of Con- 
versation. I said but very little ; only 
when it was proposed that our Bank Stock 
should be applied towards purchasing 
Lottery Tickets,^ & that it should be put 
to Vote by Balloting, I opposed that, 
telling them that I feared if we took that 
private method, perhaps some might Vote 
for it that would not openly, and if that 
should be the Case I thought we were 
members of a Society that had made it a 
part of their discipline to Caution against 
being Concerned in Lotteries. I thought 

^ The associators projected a lottery scheme to raise the funds 
necessary for the erection of a battery. 

136 Courtship of [n^'mo. 

it would not be to our Reputation. After 
some debate the Question was put 
Whether we should Vote by Ballot or 
openly, & carried for the latter, 13 against 
9. Then the Question was put whether 
our Bank Stock should be so applied or 
not, & carried in the Negative, 19 against 3. 

Eleventh month. 

i'* The associators marched^ through 
some parts of the City, in Eleven Com- 
panies under arms. Chose the following 
officers, viz : Ab*^: Taylor, Colonel ; Tho* 
Lawrence, Lieutenant Colonel ; Sam^ Mc- 
Call ^ major. 

No. I. Chas: Willing,^ Captain; At- 

1 On December 6th six hundred of the associators met at the 
State House, marching thence to the Court House, where they 
agreed to the division of the City into Companies, according to 
wards and townships. — Scharf and Westcott, Philadelphia, I., 215. 

^ Samuel McCall (1710-1761), son of Samuel McCall, a 
prosperous merchant of Glasgow, settled at Philadelphia and 
engaged in business with John Inglis. He married his cousin 
Anne, daughter of George and Anne (Yeates) McCall, in 1737. 
— Penna. Mag., V., 341-2. 

'Charles Willing (i 710-1754), son of Thomas Willing, 
of Bristol, England, emigrated to Philadelphia in 1729 and 
became a prosperous merchant. In 1 73 1 he married Ann, 
daughter of Joseph and Abigail Shippen. He was elected Mayor 
of the city in 1748 and 1754. — Balch, Provincial Papers, XCIX., 

c, cni. 

Charles Willing 

1747] Hannah Logan 137 

wood Shute,^ Lieutenant ; James Clay- 
poole," Ensign. 

No. 2. Thos' Bond, Captain ; Rich** 
Farmer;^ Lieutenant ; Plunket Fleeson, 

No. 3. John I nglis/ Captain; Lynford 
Lardner/' Lieutenant ; Tho^ Lawrence 
jun"", Ensign. 

' Attwood Shute was chosen Common Councilman in 1743, 
Alderman in 1755, and Mayor in 1756. — Jenkins, Philad., 290. 

^James Claypoole in Walnut Street, painter and glazier, and 
■dealer in paints, window glass, etc. — Pa. Gaz., May 17, 1750. 

*" Richard Farmer, at the Unicorn, in Second-street. A 
Very large assortment of drugs and medicines, with colours for all 
sorts of paintings, etc." — Pa. Ga-z., May 3, 1750. 

"•John Inglis ( -1775), a native of Scotland, established 

himself as a merchant in Philadelphia, and had several public 
offices — Councilman, Collector of the Port of Philadelphia, and 
the like. He was one of the four managers of the City Dancing 
Assembly from its inception. He married Catharine, daughter of 
George and Anne (Yeates) McCall, in 1736. — Pa. Mag., V., 
335» 338; Balch, Provincial Papers, LXXXI. 

^Lynford Lardner (1715-1774), of Philadelphia, son of 
John Lardner of London, was an important personage of the 
Province. He served as Receiver General, Provincial Councillor, 
Keeper of the Great Seal, Trustee of what is now the University 
of Pennsylvania, Member of the American Philosophical Society, 
Lieutenant of troop of horse for defense of Philadelphia, original 
manager of the Philadelphia Dancing Assembly ; married Elizabeth, 
daughter of William Branson. — American Ancestry; Keith, 
Councillors, V., 38. 

138 Courtship of [n^'mo. 

No. 4. James Polgreen, Capt° ; W" 
Bradford, Lieutenant ; W"" Bingham,^ 

No, 5. Peacock Bigger, Capt. ; Jos. 
Redman, Lieutenant ; Jos: Wood, Ensign. 

No. 6. Th: Bourne, Capt ; R, Owen, 
Lieu: ; Fetter Etter, Ensign. 

No. 7. W" Cuzzins, Capf" ; G. Spof- 
ford, Lieut. ; A. Mason, Ensign. 

No. 8. J. Robinson, Capt. ; W. Clemon 
(?), Lieut ; W. Rush, Ensign. 

No. 9. J. Coultas," Capt: ; G. Gray,^ 
jun'', Lieut: ; Ab*": Jones, Ensign. 

No. 10. J. Ross, Capt. ; R. Swan, 
Lieut: ; P. Benezett, Ensign. 

* William Bingham (i 723-1 769), Common Councilman, 
1752, subscriber to the first dancing Assembly, m. Mary Stanton. 
— 363 Hist. Schuylkill Fish. Co. 

2 James Coultas, in 1755 Sheriff of Philadelphia County, and 
in 1 764 Justice of the Peace and Judge of the Quarter Sessions 
and Common Pleas. — Westcott, Historic Mansions, 173. 

^ George Gray, of Gray's Ferry, a Friend, but was expelled 
from the Friends' Meeting in 1775 for taking sides in the war. 
He served as a member of the Committee of Safety, as Chairman 
of the Board of War, as member of Assembly from Philadelphia 
County in 1772, and afterward as member of the Convention to 
amend the Constitution of the State, and Speaker of the House of 
Representatives. — Westcott, Historic Mansions, 173. 

John Inglis 

1747] Hannah Logan 139 

No. II. R. Nixon, Capt: ; R. Renshaw, 
Lieut: ; F. Garrique, Ensign. 

It is very remarkable that upon this 
occasion, though people of other persua- 
sions are so universally afraid, there were 
not above lo or 12 under our profession 
that bore arms in this City. 

Gilbert Tennent's Sermon on the Law- 
fulness of war^ came out today, and I was 
so moved at the deceit and Quirks In it 
that I determined to Essay an answer and 
accordingly began one. 

2*^ Kept Close at Answering G. 

3** Thomas Marriott of Bristol was 
buried today. 

S*'' Finished my answer to G. Tennent, 
& sent to L P. jun'' for Correction & amend- 
ment. It Contained 34 sides of paper very 
close wrote, which, considering it was begun 

' The late Association for Defence, | Encourag'd, | or [ The 
lawfulness of a Defensive War. | Represented | in a | Sermon | 
preach'd | At Philadelphia December 24, 1747 | . By Gilbert 
Tennent, A. M. | . . . Published at the request of the 
Hearers I Philadelphia: Printed by William Bradford. [1748] 
8vo. Half-title, | i leaf j pp. 46 ; Corrigenda, I leaf. — Hildeburn, 
Penna. Press, 238. 

140 Courtship of [n^^mo. 

but this day week, and many interruptions 
in the time by Comp*' &c% shews that I 
have not been very idle, 

11*** After dinner Cha: Pemberton & I 
rode an hour or two over the Commons. 
Got a fall out of the Chair w*"'' gave me 
some pain. 

12"' Received my proposed Answer to 
G. Tennent from I. P. jun with some of his 
remarks and a letter in Commendation of it. 

1 5*'' Some of the overseers of the press, 
viz: M. Lightfoot, A. Morris, I. Pemberton 
Sen'" & Jun"", met at my house upon it 
[answer to G. Tennent] , and after perusing 
it, I sent it up to John Kinsey with a note 
desiring his sentiments thereon in writing. 

22^^ Some of the Overseers met at my 
house & went through above one half of it, 
& Gave me Liberty to send it to the press, 
insisting that I should put my name to it, 
which I was very unwilling to do, but in 
Condescension to my friends' advice 
agreed to it. 

23'' Sent for D. Hall,^ printer, gave him 

' David Hall (i 714-1772), printer, was born in Edinburgh, 
where he learned the printing business. He worked at his trade 





;j // / / ,# 

.1 "•■ '. 4J i ; 

t. f P JJ f ' . * 


facsimile of Tillf Page of John Smith's Book, 1748 

1747] Hannah Logan 141 

about one half of it — ordered him to print 
1000 of them, send me 500 of them and 
put an advertisement in the paper that the 
rest were to be given away. 

25*'' Called my piece The Doctrine of 
Christianity as held by the people called 
Quakers Vindicated in answer to G: Ten- 
nent's Sermon on the Lawfulness of War/ 

26"' An Advertisement was in Frank- 
lin's paper" purporting that the above 
Treatise will be published the 30**^ Inst, to 
be given away at the printer's, 

30*'' This being the day my piece came 
out the printer's house & indeed my own 
was like a fair — people came so thick to 
get them D. Hall told me that he never 

for a time in London, and then came to America about 1747. He 
entered into partnership with Benjamin Franklin, also conducting a 
book and stationery store on his own account. — -Appleton's Cy. 
Amer. Bio., III., 39. 

^ [Smith (John)] The | Doctrine of Christianity, | As held by 
the People called | Quakers, | Vindicated: | In Answer to | Gilbert 
Tennent's Sermon | On | The Lawfulness of War | " etc. 
" Philadelphia : | Printed by Benjamin Franklin and Da-viJ Hall. 
MDCCXLVIII. I 8vo. pp. iv., 56-f. The Second Edition 
[Ibid]. — No. 1098, Hildeburn's Issues of the Pennsylvania Press, 
1685-1784 ; Joseph Smith's Catalogue of Friends' Books. 

^ PennsyI'vania Gazette. 

142 Courtship of [i2*^mo. 

saw a pamphlet in so much Request at first 
coming out in London. 

Twelfth month. 
f (4th day) Paid a Visit to the Wid° 
Sally Morris, where I found H. Logan. 
I waited upon her to L P.'s, from 
thence to her Brother's, but M. Ellis being 
to Lodge there, I could get none of her 
Comp^ in private. 

4*'>(5*'' day) Was at Meeting. . . . 
I drank Tea at L Pemberton's with S. 
Morris & H. Logan. Met in the evening 
with the latter accidentally at A. Benezitt's. 
Waited upon her to L P. jun"", where we 
Supped ; then accompanied her to her 
Brother's & had an opportunity of some 
Converse with her. Made proposals of 
waiting upon her at home & of Asking her 
parents' Consent if such attention was not 
Absolutely Disagreeable to her. I was in 
a good deal of Confusion, but her Good 
Nature Bore with it, without Endeavouring 
to Encrease it, And Though I could not 
perceive that she was willing I should take 
that Step, she Consented to receive another 

1 747] Hannah Logan 143 

Letter from me upon my promising not 
to take that for any Encouragement &c''. 
Many were the Revolving thoughts with 
which my mind was Crowded after this 
Conversation, & yet upon the whole I 
found my Affection Encreased by her 
Generous behaviour & was thankful for the 
opportunity I had of so much Conversation 
with her. I pray God to pour down his 
Choicest Blessings upon her head. 

5*'' (6"' day) I wrote a long Letter to 
Dear Hannah, & Got her brother William 
to Undertake the Delivery of it. I told 
her in it my mind very fully — the Grounds 
upon which I had formed my unalterable 
Resolution of having her if possible — and 
as there was some difficulty whether my 
waiting upon her parents would be disagree- 
able or not, I begged the favor of a Line 
or two upon that Subject, promising the 
Utmost Secrecy. Had in the Evening the 
Company of A. Farrington & my brother 
William. Abraham told me he was very 
well Satisfied with my Treatise — that he 
had begun to Answer G. Tennent's Sermon 
himself, but felt a full Stop in his mind, & 

144 Courtship of [12"^ mo. 

was told it was in better hands, & plainly 
saw where &c\ 


Philad% 1 2th mo: 5th, 1747-8. 
Dear Friend 

According to the Sentiments I Entertain of Friend- 
ship, that part of it which can bear with the weakness, 
and put the best Construction upon the failings of One 
Another Manifests the truest and most Exalted height 
of that Celestial Virtue. Judge, then, what an Opinion 
I have of thy Generosity in the little Conversation we 
had last Evening together, when the distress of my 
mind was such that it was difficult for me to Convey 
any Idea of my thoughts. Yet Good nature, instead of 
Endeavouring to Encrease my Confusion, which 
Thousands of the Sex in such a circumstance would 
have been glad to do, kindly Bore with my frailty. 
May Gracious Heaven put it in my power to Shew my 
Gratitude by Actions, which I really could not by 
words ; and I Beg thee to Rest fully Assured that no 
freedom shall ever be miscontrued or turned to thy 

I am now going to Tell thee some of the Inducements 
I had to fix my Affections unmoveably, — as I believe 
they are, whether they should ever be Crown' d with 
Success or not, — and herein I shall discover some 

1747] Hannah Logan 145 

weakness, but I have had too many Instances of thy 
Candour to suspect Severity, nor is there a thought in 
my Soul but what I could freely disclose to thee. It 
is now some years since first I conceived a very great 
Esteem for thy person from several opportunities I had 
of seeing thee. I knew my Circumstances in the 
world, nor any Accomplishments I had, did not 
promise Success in the Entertainment of that passion, 
and therefore used my utmost Efforts to Conquer it, 
and I thought the likeliest way to do it was to seek 
another object. I found one which appeared agreeable, 
but a very small Acquaintance quite overset mv Scheme. 
I had been early, thro unmerited kindness. Tinctured 
with Religious Sentiments. I knew a fair outside did 
not Constitute happiness, and in short I saw but little 
else in that person ; wherefore, without ever having 
given any occasion to Expect that I designed an offer 
of my person, I as willingly dropt my acquaintance as I 
had begun it. Soon after that I had some opportunities 
of Converse where thou was in Company, which much 
Enhanced my Esteem. I plainly saw that though the 
Cabinet was Exquisitely framed, the mind lodged in it 
far Excelled ; and thus as it renewed and strengthened 
my former Regard, so it increased the difficulty I saw 
it was obtaining what I so much wished for. Many 
were the Racking thoughts occasioned by the difl^erent 
Sensations of desire and doubt. To Enumerate them 
would require much more time than thou would 
willingly spare for that purpose. I long bore that 
Inward Contest before I ever Disclosed it to any 

146 Courtship of [12*" mo. 

person, and believe I never should have done [so] at 
all, but in a Journey that I went with M. Lightfoot, 
as we were riding very seriously together, he told me 
he had found out a wife for me. I little Expected 
that he or anybody Else would have thought me a 
suitable match for her I had in View, but as He, 
mentioning thy name, soon perceived by the Confusion 
in my Countenance the scituation of my thoughts — and 
Added something to what he had said, that Affected me 
with some degree of hope, — and he was at that time, 
and hath been ever since, very near and dear to me, — 
from that time I thought Seriously about it, and when 
in any degree favoured with Access to the Throne of 
Grace, I spread my case there, and with the utmost 
Submission and Reverence, desired to be Led aright in 
so weighty an Affair. Many and frequent were my 
Applications of that Sort, and I often found returns of 
Satisfaction and peace in these Addresses, and sometimes 
a nearness and Sympathy with thy Exercises, in such 
an Affecting manner, that words cannot Convey an 
Adequate Idea of. Sometimes I have thought I 
accompanied thee in much weakness and dejection of 
mind, — in poverty and distress of Soul, and great have 
been my Sorrows in that State, and frequent my Cries, 
when I was able to look toward the Holy Hill, that 
the Everlasting Arm might be underneath to Support 
and carry through all thy difficulties, and make Every 
Exercise truly profitable. These Tender Sympathies 
would look very foolish to those that are unacquainted 
with the frequent Afflictions that attend a truly Religious 

1747] Hannah Logan 147 

Life, but as I am very certain thou art not one of those, 
am therefore very free. . . . And now, my 
dearest Creature, I should like a great deal of time to 
Explain to thee the cause of my Conduct — but I am 
afraid of being Tedious. When I wrote that Letter, I 
remember I was in a great deal of perplexity, and 
therefore suppose that conveyed Evident Signs of it. 
After it was gone, the Reflections which were occasioned 
in my mind by the Cowardly manner in which I had 
Acted toward thee gave me much pain, so that for a 
long time after I was scarcely able to look thee in the 
face. This Bashfulness must have made some of my 
Conduct appear very odd to thee, and yet could the 
Causes be at the time discovered, they would mostly 
have appeared Justifiable. I have Acted with a great 
deal of fear and Caution, least I should do any thing 
that would disoblige thee, and should propitious heaven 
Incline a tender Sentiment in thee, in my favour, I 
should think no pains too great to take to Convince 
thee of the Sincerity of my Love. My dear Hannah, 
I ask not any hasty Conclusions, I only Beg that thou 
would weigh my proposal in the most Serious manner, 
and I trust thou wilt find a freedom to permit my 
frequent Visits, and that all Objections and difficulties 
will in time be removed — and we shall know the 
Encrease of our Esteem for each other by mutual Good 

But happy they ! the happiest of their kind : 

Whom gentle Stars unite, and in one fate 

Their hearts, their fortunes and their beings blend. 

148 Courtship of [12" mo. 

'Tis not the coarser tie of human Laws, 

Unnatural oft, and foreign to the mind, 

That binds their peace, but harmony itself 

Attuning all their passions into Love ; 

Where friendship full Exerts his softest power, 

Perfect Esteem, Enlivened by Desire 

Ineffable, and Sympathy of Soul, 

Thought meeting thought, and will preventing will 

With boundless Confidence. 

— Thomson i "Spring.'^ 

I thought when I asked permission to wait upon thee 
at Stenton it seemd to put thee into a deep thought. 
I Concluded thy not absolutely denying my Request 
was out of pity, and durst I ask such a favour, I would 
Beg a line or two upon the Subject. I am afraid of 
coming least it should give thee more uneasiness, and 
know by omitting it I vastly Encrease my own. If 
my Generous friend would favour me with her Senti- 
ments in writing, the Letter should either be immediately 
returned or destroyed to prevent its being ever known 
to any mortal but ourselves. 

I conclude with Observing that Marriage is a Solemn 
thing, but where undertaken with upright, honest 
Intentions, and the Blessing of the Almighty Solemnly 
sought and had therein, it must certainly be the happiest 
State of Life. And I must tell thee that my views in 
desiring to have thee mine, are so far [from] being 
mercenary, that should thou Incline to an Alteration 
with respect to place of Residence, Manner of Living, 
Business or anything Else, this Inclination shall be 
punctually Complied with. I pray God to pour down 

1747] Hannah Logan 149 

his choicest Blessings upon thy head — and with the 
Salutation of the Tenderest Regard, 
I Remain, 
Thy Truly AiFectionate Friend, 

John Smith. 

P. S. , . . From something Expressd at 
Uncle Pemberton's table one day I spoke to a person 
who writes a good hand to Copv the book of discipline. 
As soon as it's done, shall take care to send it to thee. 
I thought it would not be agreeable to have it in my 
hand writing, which was the reason of my Employing 

Being at a loss how to Convey this quite private 
have at length concluded to send it by thy brother, & 
shall first make him promise Secrecy. 

[Endorsed] : To 

Hannah Logan 
Favour of Wm. Logan. 

6*^ (7"' day) Had in the morning a pretty 
deal of Company. After dinner T. Burgess, 
J. Logan jun"" & I rode to Burlington. 
Got a fall off my horse, but with- 
out much hurt. Found father & fr^'' well. 

150 Courtship of [12"' mo. 

yth ^ jst ^^y-j Was at Burlington meeting, 
w*"^ was very small. P. Fearn preach'd 
& pray'd. Several of us sup'd & spent 
the Evening at Gov"^ Belcher's, who treated 
us sociably & handsomely. 

S'^ (2" day) We dined at Brother 
Samuel's. T. B., Jemmy & I rode to 
Doctor Rodman's, & drank Tea there. 

^th ^^d clay) Tho' the river was near 
clear of Ice when we went up, it is now 
quite fast. We dined at Governour 
Belcher's & drank Tea at Uncle Noble's. 

10''' (4*'' day) The same Company re- 
turned with me home, the Jersey side. 
Found the River here pretty full of driving 
Ice ; however, we got over pretty readily. 
Understood when I came home that A. 
Farrington had Recommended my Treatise 
at Concord Qiiarterly Meeting, & told the 
age of the person who wrote it &c'*. 

12"' {6^^ day) Visited & Visiting most 
of the day. 

j^th ^^th ^^y-j Had in the Evening the 
Company of several friends, viz. A. Far- 
rington, Sam' Cary, Martha Chalkley &c*. 

1747] Hannah Logan 151 

14"' (i''* day) Went in the morning with 
A. Farrington to the Great meeting. . . . 
Was in the Afternoon at our own meeting. 
Evening A. F. preach'd, conclud- 
ing " No Sword formed against thee shall 
ever prosper, and every tongue that riseth 
up in Judgement against thee thou shall 
Condemn," &c''. He preached at least an 
hour at a time each meeting. 

15"' (2'' day) A. F. went home. 
Employed most of the day in reading. 

16*'' (3'' day) Dear H. Logan was at 
meeting, having come to town last night. 
I spent the Evening with her at I. 
Pemberton's in pleasant & agreeable 

17"' (4"' day) Drank tea at I. Pember- 
ton's of Hannah Logan's making — Nectar 
and Ambrosia. Went after that to Rob* 
Strettel with fr''" Testimony against him. 
— He treated me Civilly upon the occasion. 

18*" (5"' day) Visited L Pemberton in 
the afternoon, who seems to be on the 
mending hand. ... I gave Eliz" 
Pcnnock £i for a poor Antient Couple in 

152 Courtship of [12"^ mo 

their Neighborhood, each aged above 80, 
who suffer for want, tho' they have been 
reckoned Reputable members of the 
Church of England. 

19"' (6"' day) Visited Israel Pemberton, 
drank Tea at I. P. jun"^", spent some time 
at W. Logan's, & the Evening at Jn° 
Armitt's with S. Morris &c*. 

20*'' (7*** day) It is remarkable What an 
Increase of the number of Beggars there 
is about this town this winter, — many 
more than I have before observed, and I 
have not yet sent any away Empty handed 
that hath applied to me. A fellow feeling 
of the Infirmities & wants of our Brethren 
— as all mankind are — is a duty, and not 
sufficiently practised, without Administer- 
ing Relief when in our power. 

21'* (i"* day) Was in the morning at 
our own meeting. M. Yarnal preach'd & 
pray'd. He and his wife dined with me. 
After dinner I rode to Stenton ; the roads 
very muddy, & my thoughts disturbed 
with pain & Anxiety Least this Visit 
should be disagreeable. Was however 

1747] Hannah Logan 153 

Courteously received, but I thought my 
fr*^ Hannah was not very well pleased with 
it, which quite damped my Spirits. James 
told me he was Glad to see me, & had 
frequently Expostulated with his Sons for 
not bringing me oftener &c''. Had very 
little time alone with Hannah. Apologized 
for my Visit by saying it was difficult for 
me to [be] absent from her &c". Carried 
up with me the York paper w''' contained 
two forged Letters in the name of Eben'" 
Large and Michael Lightfoot &c^ It also 
had a paragraph informing that Admiral 
Boscawen had taken 6 frenchmen of war 
& several East India men &c^ 

22** (2'' day) Understood in the morning 
that Dear Hannah was unwell, so that tho' 
I stayd till 10 o'clock she did not appear 
— w''"' gave me much pain. I had intended 
to Ask her father & mother's Consent to 
make free with the house — but as I could 
not Account for her Indisposition I was 
afraid to do it least it would disoblige her. 
How painful & Grievous my reflections 
upon this occasion were is more pungently 
felt than I am either able or willing to 

154 Courtship of [12*^ mo. 

describe. My good friend Her father 
took, me into his Library, & took a great 
deal of pains to Entertain me there, but my 
thoughts were so fixed & Intent about his 
daughter that much of it was lost. I left 
Stenton about lo o'clock. Overtook a 
man who was a stranger to me. After 
some Conversation he let me know he had 
been bred a Presbyterian, & was now about 
turning Quaker, & appeared to be turning 
from name only to name, whereupon I 
found freedom to give him a pretty deal 
of Advice — respecting the teaching of the 
Spirit, the danger of resting in form & 
name, and the necessity of being acquainted 
with & wearing the Yoke & Cross of 
Christ &c*. Had William Morris to dine 
with me, whose company was agreeable 
and edifying. Drank Tea at W™ Callen- 
der's & spent the Evening at home with 
M. Lightfoot &c^ 

23** (3*^ day) Was at meeting. 
I stay'd with the overseers &c'' to Consult 
about the business of the Mo. Meeting. 
The Chief Subject was whether Amos 
Strettel's paper should be read or not. 


W W\ 


3^ : 

^747] Hannah Logan 155 

As I had read it, I gave my opinion that 
it ought not, as the Quotations from our 
Antient friends' writings were unfairly 
taken and the Inferences unjustly drawn ; 
but several friends, supposing he would 
print it, and represent it as ill usage not to 
have that read w*^^ he offered as his own 
Vindication, they concluded it best to read 
it. I dined at A. James's with Sally Morris 
&C''. Spent some time at I. Pemberton's 
with Sarah Logan, whom I waited upon to 
her son's. Spent the remainder of the 
afternoon at John Dilwyn's with Jn° 
Armitt &c% where I drank Tea, and part 
of the Evening with I. P. jun"" & Sam' 
Preston Moore ^ at Israel Pemberton's. 

'Dr. Samuel Preston Moore (1710-1785), son of Richard 
and Margaret (Preston) Moore, was a prac- 
titioner in physic at Londongrove, Maryland, 
prior to I 744, and afterwards in Philadelphia, 
being for eight years a physician to the Penn- 
sylvania Hospital. He was a member of the 
American Philosophical Society, and Provincial 
Treasurer of Pennsylvania. He was married in 
1739 to his cousin, Hannah Hill, daughter 
of Dr. Richard Hill. — Charles P. Keith, 

Provincial Councillors, 74; John Jay Smith, Letters of Dr. 

Richard Hill. 

156 Courtship of [12"' mo. 

2^th ^^th ^^y^ After dinner Visited at 
I. Pemberton jun""^, where I found Rob' 
Pleasants & Rob* Langley just come up 
from Virginia, who came home & spent 
the Evening with me. 

25*'' (5'^ day) Was at meeting. . . . 
I dined at WilHam Logan's.^ Drank Tea 
at M. Lightfoot's with the above two 
friends, Sally Morris &c% and spent the 
Evening at home. 

16'^ (6*^ day) Attended our Mo: Meet- 
ing. M. Emlen pray'd. Peter Widow- 
field past the second time, and Joseph 
Ritchison — with Mary Allen — Abraham 
Carlisle, Stephen Stapler and Jn" Burroughs 
the first time. Amos StretteFs long paper 

'William Logan ( i 718-1776), son of James Logan, was sent 
when twelve years of age to his father's brother, Dr. William 
Logan, in Bristol, England, to be educated. On his return he 
became a merchant in the city. On the death of his father he 
became the owner of Stenton and removed there, devoting himself 
more particularly to agriculture. He was Common Councilman, 
1 743-1 746, and Provincial Councillor, I 747-1 775. A journal 
of his travels to Georgia has been printed. He was married in 
1740 to Hannah (1722-1777), daughter of George Emlen. 
His son. Dr. George Logan (l 754-1 821), who inherited Stenton, 
married Deborah Norris, daughter of Charles Norris. — Keith, 
Councillors, 14 fF. 

1747] Hannah Logan 157 

was read, and sundry remarks made there- 
on by several friends. A. Benezitt^ & I 
were appointed to wait upon him with the 
result of the meeting thereon. A Certifi- 
cate for Eliz* Hudson was read and signed- 

27^'' (7*^ day) R. Pleasants, R. Langley, 
Jemmy Pemberton & I rode to Burlington 
— round by Haddonfield. Lodged at my 

28"' (i^* day) Were at Burlington 
Meeting. M. Lightfoot preached. We 
visited plentifully, and it being the time of 
their Quarterly Meeting, had the Company 
of several very Valuable friends. 

1 Anthony Benezet (1713-1784), a philanthropist, was born 
at St. Quentin, France, a son of John Stephen Benezet. His 
parents were Huguenots, and shortly after his birth, their property 
being confiscated, they took refuge in England, where they resided 
for sixteen years. There young Benezet was educated, and joined 
the Friends. In 1731 he came with his family to Philadelphia, and 
in 1736 was married to Joyce Marriott, who became a Quaker 
minister. In 1 742 he was a teacher in what is now the William 
Penn Charter School. In 1755 he established a school for girls 
and conducted it with great success. About 1750 he became 
much concerned for the welfare of the negroes, and during the 
remainder of his life wrote many books and pamphlets in the 
interest of the anti-slavery and general humanitarian movement, 
undoubtedly doing much to promote the anti-slavery cause. — 
Roberts Vaux, Life of Benezet. 

158 Courtship of E^' 


29*'' (2*^ day) We returned home the 
way we went. 

First mouthy 1748. 

I*"' {2^ day) Was at our meeting. Sam' 
Pennock spoke. The Shoemaker Lad 
prayd. ... I. P. jun"", W" Logan, R. 
Pleasants, R. Langley, Jemmy Pemberton 
& I rode, after dining at L P.'s, to Ger- 
mantown to see it, and after going through 
it we came to Stenton & drank Tea. 
Found G. Tennent^ there. We Conversed 
freely. We met my dear Hannah at the 
Gate, having rode out with Chally Pem- 
berton, who is there to Endeavour the 
recovery of his health. I spent the Eve- 
ning at W°^ Logan's. 

2'' (4"' day) Waited upon R. Pleasants 
& R. Langley to see the State House, 
Library &c% and dined with them at L 
Pemberton's jun"". Then waited upon 
them to Skuylkill on their way home. 
In the afternoon met at James's 
Coffeehouse with the Auditor's appointed 

' Rev. Gilbert Tennent. 

1748] Hannah Logan 159 

by the Court upon the Affair between 
Carpenter & Shute. Gave them our 
Reasons for Awarduig as we did — then 
withdrew to W™ Logan's, where I drank 
Tea, & spent part of the Even^ at J. 
Armitt's. Gave a poor widow ;^20 that 
has several small children. 

4'^ {6'^ day) My partner & I Employd 
some part of it [the day] in Examining our 
Books. Had the Visits of several friends. 

5"> (7'" day) W. Callender, E. Catherall, 
W. Logan, Jemmy Pemberton, A. James, 
J. Foulk and myself rode to the Point, 
and had an agreeable Jaunt. 

6"' (i^May) Was morning & afternoon 
at our own meeting. 

7^*" {2'^ day) Employed in Examining 
our Comp^ Books. Samuel Mickle's wife 
died to-day. 

S^^ (3*^ day) Was at meeting. . . . 
Saw dear Hannah going home alone in the 
Chaise, and as I knew her fears of being 
talked of, I did not Venture to wait upon 

^th ^^th j^y^ J j.QQJ^ ^ Ride to German- 

i6o Courtship of [i''mo. 

town under pretence of getting some 
Cyons/ but really upon more Important 
business. Called at Stenton ; found Com- 
pany there, who soon departed. I intended 
to stay all night, and accordingly did so. 
Had an opportunity of Telling my mind 
to James & his wife separately. They 
treated me Civilly, referring me Entirely 
to their daughter, and the Old Gentleman 
told me if I was her Choice, he would 
give his Consent &c*. I had some of the 
dear Creature's Company, but our Con- 
versation was so much of the Ambiguous 
kind, that after a Loving & friendly part- 
ing I retired to Bed full of Doubt & per- 
plexity, & Got but little Sleep. In how 
much pain is a situation between hope & 

jQth ^^th day) Waited upon Sarah Logan 
& Cha: Pemberton to town. Was at 
meeting. ... I dined at Israel Pem- 
berton's. Wrote a long letter to my dear 
Hannah, & sent it by Charley Pemberton, 
who returned there this afternoon. 

' Scions — shoots to be engrafted. 

1748] Hannah Logan 161 


Philad% 1st mo: loth, 1747-8. 
My Worthy Friend 

I have not been very well pleased with myself since 
my spending some time with thee last evening. I had 
a great deal to say, and ought to have said much more 
than I did, but an unhappy doubt possesses my Spirits 
in such a manner whenever I attempt Conversation 
with thee upon a subject of so near a concernment, 
that I can scarcely Talk Common Sence. It was not 
therefore without Reason that I told thee a man in Love 
was the Silliest Creature in the Universe — and indeed 
I might have Omitted saying it in words, as my Con- 
duct had so frequently declared it. My Last night's 
thoughts, after parting with thee, were Employed in 
searching the Secret Recesses of my mind to find out 
if possible the cause of such a doubt. 

Dear Hannah, I omitted to acquaint thee that I had 
taken an opportunity to make my mind known to thy 
parents. They both treated me Civilly upon the 
Occasion — thy father very kindly — Referring me 
Entirely to thee, and Assuring me he held no Objection 
&c*. I hope this Step will not give thee any uneasi- 
ness. It was certainly my duty, and should have been 
done some years ago if I durst. 

John Smith. 

1 62 Courtship of [i'*mo. 

jjth ^^th j^y^ Employed the forenoon 
in Journalizing, and the afternoon at W™ 
Logan's, who kept his Chamber, being 
Indisposed with a Cold. 

j^th ^^th ^^y^ Busy in posting most of 
the forenoon. Afternoon visited at W" 
Logan's. Waited upon Sally Morris 
home. Had a good deal of Conversation 
with her upon my Stenton proposals. 
She had done me a particular piece of 
Service in recommending me to the old 
Gentleman, for which I had wrote her a 
Letter of thanks. I spent the Evening at 
John Reynell's with Jane Hoskins & 
Eliz* Hudson. 

j^th ^jet j^^y^ J ^g^t J,-, f}^g forenoon 
to the Great Meeting. ... I dined 
at L Pemberton's. Was at our own meet- 
ing in the afternoon. ... I then went 
with B. Trotter to the burial of Nathaniel 
Poole, an antient fr*^ above 80 years of 
age. Was at the Evening meeting, which 
was silent. Spent some time after meeting 
at William Logan's, his sister having come 

1748] Hannah Logan 163 

to town this Evening, but as he kept his 
Chamber had none of her Company alone. 

14*'' (2*^ day) Spent some time in the 
afternoon at I. Pemberton's with several 
fr''^ upon the like occasion, viz, — to visit 
Samuel Nottingham, who came from 
Chester to-day. Drank Tea of Hannah's 
making, & had her Company at her 
brother's an hour or two. She desired my 
forbearing my visits till after the meeting 

15'*' (j** day) Was at meeting. . . . 
Sally Morris & Katy Callender spent the 
afternoon with us. Samuel [Nottingham] 
prayd in my parlour, which is the first of 
his appearance in this town. I waited 
upon Sally Morris home. 

1 8*^ (6*^^ day) I had Sam' Nottingham's 
Company part of the day, and in the 
afternoon the visits of several female 
friends, and in the Even^ the Comp^ of my 
brothers & sisters &c*. 

j^th ^^th j^y^ J j^^j ^.j^g Company of 
pretty many friends come to me at the 
half-year's meeting. 

164 Courtship of [i^'mo. 

2Qth ^j8t j^y^ Was all three meetings 
at the Bank. Morning Hannah Hulford, 
M. Lightfoot, Jn" Scarborough & Marget 
Ellis preach'd & Sarah Morris pray'd. 
Had several friends to dine with me. 
Eliz'" Morgan pray'd at the Table. After- 
noon the Meeting was much crowded. 
Ben. Fell,^ Eliz'' Morgan & John Evans 
preach'd & Jos. Lord pray'd. The Eve- 
ning meeting held till past 9 o'clock. 
Sam' Nottingham pray'd, Isaac Andrews, 
Jn" Scarborough & S. Nottingham preach'd, 
& Ben Fell pray'd. 

2, jst ^.,(1 (^^Y^ Was at the Bank meeting. 
Had a pretty deal of Company 
of the best sort. 

22'' (3'' day) The meeting was very 
much crowded. J° Sikes, Lydia Menden- 
hall, W"" Harnans [?], Jane Hoskins & 
S. Nottingham preach'd, & D. Stanton 

'Benjamin Fell (1703— 1758), son of Joseph and Bridget 
(Wilson) Fell, was an eminent minister of the Society of Friends. 
He came to Pennsylvania with his parents in 1 704, and lived in 
Buckingham Township, Bucks County. — Fell Genealogy, 34. 

1748] Hannah Logan 165 

23^* (4'^ day) Kept most of it [the day] 
at home. John Giles was bound appren- 
tice to us for three years. 

24"' (5*'' day) Was at meeting. . . . 
Peter Widowfield was married. I dined 
at I. Pemberton's ; my father rode in the 
afternoon to Stenton. A. Benezitt & I 
spent some time in the Evening with 
Amos Strettel in Consequence of the mo: 
meeting's appointment, but could not 
prevail with him to make any Acknowledg- 
ment for his Misconduct. 

25'" (6"> day) W- Logan, Jn° Morris, 
Cha: & Debby Morris & I rode to Chester 
to see Jane Hoskins & Eliz* Hudson go 
on board the Brig' Pembroke, A. Burrows 
master, for Dublin. Found a pretty many 
friends there. W"^ Logan and I lodged 
together at Mather's. 

26"' (7"' day) The friends went on 
board, & several of us with them, about 3 
o'clock. Then a dozen in Company 
returned home. Broke one of the Chairs 
on the road, which occasioned us to dine 
at Darby whilst it was mended. Upon 

1 66 Courtship of [i^'mo. 

my coming home found my Father &c'' 
had gone up this morning. 

^^th ^ jst j^y^ Was morning & afternoon 
at the Bank. ... My Gardner, W" 
Jenkins, died this morning of a pleurisy. 
I rode in the Evening to Stenton ; Rich*^ 
Peters^ was there. I had an opportunity 
of some very agreeable Conversation with 
my Charmer, but her Conduct is so 
Cautious and well guarded that I do not 
yet know whether I dare hope to Gain 
her or not. 

^gth (^2,^ day) Got home before 7 o'clock. 
Wrote a letter to Sarah Logan to acquaint 
her that Chally Pemberton bore the ride 

'Richard Peters (i 704-1 776), son of Ralph Peters, town 
clerk of Liverpool, received his early education at Westminster 
School, and at Leyden in Holland. After five years of legal study 
in the Inner Temple he took orders, and in 1730 became an 
ordained clergyman. He came to Pennsylvania in 1735, ^""^ i^M 
the position of the Secretary of the Land Office for more than 
twenty-five years. In 1743 ^^ ^^^^ appointed Secretary of the 
Province and Clerk of the Provincial Council, and in 1749 mem- 
ber of the Provincial Council. By i 762 he had acquired a fortune, 
and resigned his secretaryship. From 1764 to 1775 he served as 
Rector of Christ Church. He also held positions of trust in the 
College and other institutions of the city. His only child died in 
infancy. — Keith, Councillors, 235 ff. 

Rev. Richard Peters 

1748] Hannah Logan 167 

from Stenton yesterday bravely, & intends 
to set out for Shrewsbury this afternoon 
&c\ After dinner Rachel Pemberton, 
Hannah Logan, William's wife, and I with 
Chally went over the river and to Eliz"' 
Estaugh's, who received us very Cour- 
teously and Entertained us very kindly. 

29*^' (j** day) We set out from the Good 
Widow's about lo o'Clock. Dined at a 
Tavern at Moore's town, and reached 
Burlington in the Evening, Found all 
well there, but the ride fatigued poor 
Charles very much. 

30*^ (4*^' d^y) Chally inclining to rest 
at Burlington, and S. Nottingham going 
to be at Mansfield meeting to day, H. 
Logan and I & many other friends accom- 
panied him there. The meeting was not 
very large. Samuel and Hannah Jenkin- 
son preached and Samuel pray'd. Hannah 
and I dined at Jn° Buffin's, and after 
returning to Burlington Visited at Cha. 
Read's, R. Hartshorne's & Isa: Cono- 
rotor [?]. 

31^* (5"' day) Charles Pemberton, ac- 

1 68 Courtship of [2' mo. 

companied by his brother John,^ my 
brother William & Johnny Smith, set 
out for Shrewsbury, and Rachel, Hannah 
and I returned home, calling at the wid° 
Estaugh's & Jos: Cooper's in our way. 
Found our Goods — [?] all opened, and 
much less damaged than from the length 
of the time they had been on board we 
had reason to fear. 

Secojid month. 

^th ^^d j^^y^ Employed myself in trim- 
ming trees & Caught Cold — so that I was 
confined to my Chamber till — . 

8"' (6"' day) I spent the day at Point 
with several friends. Had during my 
Confinement the visits of many particulars 
whom I esteem. 

'John Pemberton ( 1 727-1 795), a Quaker 

minister, son of Israel and Rachel (Read) 

Pemberton, was also a wealthy merchant 

like his father and brothers. He made several 

religious visits to Europe. He was an 

exile to Virginia in 1777. — Leach, 

Appleton's Cyc. Bio., 706; 

Keith, Councillors. 

^748] Hannah Logan 169 

9^'' (y*** day) Spent the day at W" 
Callender's plantation with several agree- 
able acquaintances, but was so indisposed 
that I had not a great deal of pleasure. 

jQth ^jst ^^y^ J ^^g jj^ j.}^g morning very 
unwell, having had a poor night's rest ; 
but thought perhaps the sight of my dear 
Hannah might be so like to cure me as 
anything else, wherefore I went to German- 
town meeting, w*^^ was silent, & after to 
Stenton, where I was very agreeably 
Entertained. Had in the Even^ my 
Charmer's Company till lo o'clock, and 
it was more delightful to me than Ever, 
and gave me greater grounds of hope than 
I durst before Entertain, and the Old 
Gentleman treated me in a very Generous 
manner, advising me how to Court, to 
have perseverance S^c", and acquainting me 
that he had said more to his daughter 
on my behalf than he had ever done on 
Tho. Crosby's, though he was to have 
j^20,000 &c*. 

jjth (^2*^ day) After a pleasant night's 
rest, & Breakfasting with my good friends. 

lyo Courtship of [2'*mo. 

I returned home, in a Composed, Serene 
frame of mind, and my thoughts somewhat 
Employed upon the Greatness of the 
divine kindness to me all my Life Long, 
and at this time in particular. He has 
been a Tender Father, the Best Friend, 
and kindest Benefactor, his hand hath 
been full of Blessings, and he hath plenti- 
fully caused them to descend upon my 
head. His mercies are new every day, 
and his Loving kindness often more than 
I durst ask or think, and Oh ! what is it 
for ? I have never merited anything ; my 
returns have rather been like Sour Grapes, 
than suitable. May my future Life be 
Cheerfully & freely spent in doing the 
will of so Gracious & Good a God, who 
is slow to Anger, delights in mercy, and 
with him is plenteous Redemption. May 
the Image of the Earthly be wholly put 
off, and May 1 in future faithfully bear 
the Image of the heavenly. 

I a''' (3*^ day) Was at meeting. Marget 
Holland preached & Sarah Cox said a few 
words in prayer ; then Daniel Stanton — 
with whom I spent the Last Evening in 

1748] Hannah Logan 171 

Sympathy — preached very Encouragingly. 
Walked down to Wickoco & 
round by Jos: Wharton's new house^ &c*. 
Spent part of the Evening at widow 
Morris's, having drank Tea at J. Dilwyn's. 
j^th ^^th ^^y-j Was some time at the 
Supreme Court. Drank Tea at I. Pem- 
berton's. Had W"* Logan's Company 
the Evening. 

1 4*'' (5*'' day) Was at meeting. Abraham 
Moor — who is lately come to live in town 
— and Mordecai Yarnal preach'd, & D. 
Stanton pray'd. Then Jos: Richardson 
was married to M. Allen. I staid & 
Signd the Certificate. In the Even^ I 
rode to Stenton & had a great deal of 
Conversation with my friend Hannah of 
the most solid & imposing kind. Find 
her very much undetermined in her senti- 
ments ; however, patience & Resignation 

^Walnut Grove, the seat of Joseph Wharton ( 1 707-1 776), a 
wealthy Friend, son of Thomas Wharton, an emigrant from 
England in 1688. The mansion, which was then on the outskirts^ 
of the city, was the scene of Major Andre's Mischianza during the 
British occupation of the city in the Revolution. — Westcott^ 
Historic Mansions ; Keith, Councillors. 

1 7 2 Courtship of C^' mo. 

is my best fortress, and Hope my only 
Comfort — 

Hope, the Glad Ray Glanc'd from Eternal Good 
That Life Enlives & Exalts its powers &c*. 

Whether I can be so happy as to succeed 
in my wishes of having her for a partner 
or not, I have found Benefit in her Con- 
versation, and a near friendship is begot 
between us that I hope nothing will be 
ever able to break, 

15*'' (6*^ day) Got up Early & saw Old 
Hannibal just as he died. After Breakfast 
I had a great deal of Conversation with 
Hannah in private, upon which I promised 
to write to her. 

16*'' (7"' day) Wrote a long Religious 
Letter to my dear Hannah, being as I 
thought under the Influence of Divine 
Love whilst I did it. Sent it by Rachel 

J 748] Hannah Logan 173 


Phikd", 2d mo: i6th, 1748. 
Dear Friend — 

If I have understood thee right, in our several 
Conversations upon a Subject, the most dear, and 
interesting to me, of any Temporal Concerns ; The 
principal Objection thou has to Accepting my proposal 
arises from some doubts whether thou ought ever to set 
thy Affections upon any man. Perhaps I may not 
have Expressed this in so proper a manner as it should 

be . . . [etc., etc.] 

John Smith. 

18*^ (2^ day) Busy most of the Day. 
In the Even^ Rode to Stenton, & under- 
standing that Hannah was at fairhill Rode 
to meet her, and did so just at Isa: 
Norris's fence, & had her dear Company 
Back & till pretty late in the Even^. She 
seems not yet determined in her Senti- 
ments, but uses me with the utmost 
Generosity and Tenderness. 

19*'' [2^ day) Returned home to Break- 
fast. Was at meeting, which I thought a 
good one, & was Glad of it — my Hannah 
being there. . . . Then Abr. Carlisle 

174 Courtship of [2' mo. 

was married to Ann Brooks. [ stay'd & 
sign'd the Certificate. Had Sally Morris's 
Company to dinner with me, with which 
I was much pleased. In the afternoon 
took Coz. Nanny Smith & Hannah 
Callender out in my Chair to my planta- 
tion & returned safe. 

20*^* ^^th jj^y^ Employed the forenoon 
in posting our Books, and the afternoon 
in visiting my friends. Drank Tea at W™ 
Callender's, & waited upon Sarah Armitt 
&c'* home from thence. 

2^j6t ^^th ^g^y^ Wcis at meeting, at 



Stephen Stapler was married. 

ia"* (6*'' day) Sally Morris & I rode to 
Stenton, & spent the day very agreeably 
there, tho' I had less of my Charmer's 
Company alone than I could have wished. 
I returned in the Evening alone, Sally 
inclining to stay there a day or two. Spent 
part of the Evening with the Widow 
Morris and at John Reynell's. 

23*^ (yth ^^^y^ J employed the day very 
busily sorting my papers. 

2^th ^^d ^^y^ Understood my good 

1748] Hannah Logan 175 

friend H. Logan came to town to-day — 
but did not see her. Spent the Even^ at 
T. Lightfoot's. 

26*'' (3'* day) Was at meeting, which I 
thought a very good one : ResembHng the 
Antient times when the Sons of God 
rejoiced together and the morning stars 
sang for Joy, . . , I spent the Even- 
ing at Israel Pemberton's with dear H. 
Logan &c*, 

27"' (4*'' day) L Pemberton came home 
from Shrewsbury with Acc'^ that poor 
Chally is no better for his riding there, 
which affected us with sorrow. I spent 
most of the afternoon there, and part of 
the Evening at J. Armitt's, 

2gth i^^th ^^y.^ Was at meeting, but 
Alass ! how Different was it to me from 
the Last I was at. Then the time of 
singing Birds was Experienced — now 
nothing but winter in its Extremity, & I 
was not at a loss for the Cause. I found 
I had not been so careful of the Govern- 
ment of my thoughts as I ought to have 
been, & had thereby been Betrayed into 

176 Courtship of [2*^ mo. 

undue Liberty — which though not noticed 
Or seen by others had hurt me, by 
leading from that reverence & awe which 
ought at all time to possess the Soul. 
Under some sight of this I suffered in 
Lamentation & mourning, and was ready 
to say with the Psalmist — Thou has set a 
print upon my heel, and has marked [?] all 
my goings. Yet I had cause to Esteem 
even the sense of Sorrow as a favour from 
God, because it is an Evidence that he 
hath not quite forsaken, and will not yet 
cast off forever. 

In the afternoon several friends of us 
rode to my plantation. Had Alice Bunt- 
ing's comp^ part of the Evening, and I 
spent some time at Israel Pemberton jun". 

29*'' (6*'' day) Attended our Monthly 
Meeting from lo o'clock to 4. Eliz'' 
Pennock pray'd in the meeting of worship. 
Thomas Brooks, Benjamin Hough & 
Davis Bassett passed the first time. The 
affair of Visiting families took up a pretty 
deal of time, and after solid & deliberate 
Consideration the following friends were 
appointed to that service, viz. M. Light- 

Timothv Matlack 

^748] Hannah Logan 177 

foot, M. Yarnal, D. Stanton, Tho" Brown, 
I. Pemberton, J. Kinsey, J. Bringhurst,^ 
J. Dilwyn, E. Catheral, T. Matlack, Isaac 
Zane, A. Benezitt & myself. I objected 
several times to my name being entered 
upon so great an undertaking, but friends 
insisted so much upon it that I sub- 
mitted, concluding if I could do no good, 
perhaps I may get some. John Morris 
& I were appointed to draw a Certificate 
for Daniel Morris & his wife to Gwynedd. 
Understood after meeting that the women 
friends appointed upon the affair of Visit- 
ing families are Eliz* Pennock, Esther 
White, Joyce Benezitt, M. Emlen, M. 
Holland, Sally Morris, Rachel & Mary 
Pemberton, Hannah Parrock, Rebekkah 

I spent the Evening in attending W" 
Vanderspiegel, Sam' Smith & Sam' Coates 

iJoHN Bringhurst (1691-1750), a Friend, son of John and 
Rosina (Prachen) Bringhurst, was born either in London or in 
Amsterdam, and brought to Philadelphia about 1 700. He became 
a prosperous merchant, and held several prominent positions in the 
city. He was married in 171 8 to Mary, daughter of John Clay- 
poole. — Leach, Bringhurst Family. 

178 Courtship of [^^ mo. 

— auditors appointed by the Court of 
Common pleas to settle an Account 
depending between Thomas Thomas and 
I. After hearing all he had to say they 
agreed to report the Ball^ according to my 
Books. I then offered him, that though 
the Court is next week, when Execution 
is to be obtained, if he would give me 
Security I would withdraw the action, pay 
the Costs and stay six months tor the 
money rather than I would distress him, 
which the auditors pressed him very much 
to Accept of as a very generous offer, and 
what he would meet with from very few 
men under those Circumstances, and he 
talks of taking their Advice. 

30"' (7"' day) Visited at Isr' Pemberton 
iun", Joshua Crosby's, &c''. Drank Tea 
at E. Catheral's with A. Benezitt & wife 
& Sally Morris. In the Evening Rode 
to Stenton and found my friends alone. 
Had my dear Hannah's company till 10 
o'clock, & Employed the time in sociable, 
improving conversation. She let me know 
she had not freedom to Give it Entirely 
up, and was not concluded to Accept my 

1748] Hannah Logan 179 

proposal, & would therefore have me look 
upon my Visits there entirely upon un- 
certainties dzd". However, she was so 
cheerful and agreeable that I will yet Hope. 

Third month. 

i"* (i^* day) Had some further Conver- 
sation with my Charmer, and a great deal 
with the Old Gentleman her father. He 
Enquired into my Circumstances, and I 
told him I was worth about 3000 pound 
clear Estate. He repeated his willingness 
to my having his daughter, and told me 
if 1 got her he would give me his Bills on 
his Brother for ^750 Sterling, that she 
had already 500 acres of Land of her own, 
would have Two thousand pound more at 
his death, and One thousand more at her 
Mother's. He desired me to Acquaint 
him when I had any Grounds to hope, 
because he found himself declining, had a 
mind to Settle his Affairs, and would make 
me an Executor &c*. I returned home 
time Enough to be in the morning meeting 
at the Bank. . . . Our Antient friend 

i8o Courtship of If'^^^, 

Mary Morris died to day about 74 years 
of Age. 

2'' (2'' day) Was at the Quarterly Meeting 
of worship. ... I then came out ot 
meeting Expecting Governour Belcher & 
my father down, who accordingly came to 
dinner with me & spent the Evening, 
which occasioned the Company of several 

3'' (3'' day) Waited upon the Governour 
to our Youths' Meeting. Sam' Notting- 
ham pray'd & preach'd twice. Had the 
Company of several to dine & spent the 
Evening with the Governour &c''. 

^th ^^th day) The Governor being to 
dine at J. Kinsey's, I went with Sam' 
Nottingham & Several other friends to 
Darby Meeting. . . . Had the Gov- 
ernour's Comp^ the Evening. 

^th ^^tb (^^y'^ An Appointment being 
made, several of us waited upon the Gov- 
ernour to Stenton, where we were very 
Elegantly & agreeably Entertained. Rich*^ 
Peters rode in the Chaise with me. The 
rest of the Comp^ were Jn" Kinsey, My 
Father, I. Pemberton jun'' & W. Logan. 

^748] Hannah Logan i8i 


6"' (6*'' day) Dined with the Governour 
&c* at Israel Pemberton jun". 

yth ^yth ^^y^ Being much troubled with 
the Tooth Ach I Excused myself from 
dining at 1. Pemberton's with the Gover"" 
&c% and in the afternoon rode to my 
plantation, & from thence to W" Callen- 
der's & drank Tea there. 

S*"^ (i'^ day) Kept my Chamber, My 
face being pretty much swelled with the 
Tooth Ach. Read 7 of D"" [Robert] 
South's Sermons, and Steel's Christian 
Hero,^ which I had borrowed of my dear 

9*'' (2'* day) I still kept my Chamber 
for the same Reason. The Governour, 
My father &c'' Returned home this after- 

lo^'' {2^ day) Got to meeting. B. Trotter 
& Sarah Morris preach'd & Abr: Mors 
pray'd. In the Evening I rode to Stenton ; 
found Chally Pemberton there, whom I 

' Richard Steele, the Christian Hero ; an argument proving that 
no principles but those of Religion are sufficient to make a Great 

1 82 Courtship of Lf 


had not seen since his return from Shrews- 
bury. Find him much weaker, and in my 
apprehension not Hkely to Hve long. As 
his Mother was there I had none of my 
dear Hannah's Company alone this Eve- 

II*'' (4*'' day) Had this morning my 
Charmer's Company alone a good while. 
Returned home about 10 o'clock. Busy 
in the afternoon with writing Letters &c* 
upon business to go by Captain Burk. 

j^th ^^th ^^y~j Was at meeting. . . , 
Busy in writing Letters "p Burk, who 
sailed this day for London. I wrote but 
one Letter of friendship only, and that 
was to dear Thomas Gawthrop. 

j^th ^^th ^^y^ Spent most of the day 
at W" Logan's, looking over an old 
Trunk of papers of his father's, which I 
did at the Old Gentleman's request. 
Dined & drank Tea there. Evening, 
W" Callender, Abel James & I met pur- 
suant to an order of the Orphans' Court 
to Examine the Acc*^ of the Execu'™ of 
Joseph Lynn. 

174^] Hannah Logan 183 

15"' (i'* day) Was morning at the 
great meeting. ... I dined at W. 
Logan's with Sally Morris. Was after- 
noon at the Bank. ... I rode in the 
Evening to Stenton, & had my dear 
Hannah's Company till near lo, and 
Enjoyed in it a sweet sense of pure Love 
which united us nearly together, and 
opened a free & familiar Conversation, for 
which Oh that I may be made thankful 

16*'' (2*^ day) Had several hours' Con- 
versation with dear Hannah, & was fully 
Confirmed that her principal Objections 
against Accepting of my proposals were 
removed, and that she was freer & easier 
to Condescend — for so I may truly call 
it — to become mine. Blessed be the 
God & father of all my mercies for this 
unspeakable favour. May every moment 
of my future Life be Entirely & without 
reserve devoted to the service of so Good 
& Gracious a Being, who is thus heaping 
his unmerited kindnesses upon me. My 
Soul was in our Conversation, and is at 

184 Courtship of [3' mo. 

present Bowed under the sence of his 
favourable deahng and my utter Incapacity 
of myself to make any suitable returns. 
O gracious & Infinite God, be thou pleased 
to help my weakness, Strengthen my 
feeble desires to Love and serve thee 
above every other Consideration, pardon 
my former Errings & Strayings, and Oh, 
make me Every Whit Clean. Let Thy 
pure Love guide and protect me through 
all future danger. Let it lead me from 
one degree of Grace to another, until I am 
made compleat in thy Beloved Son. And 
as thou has favoured my dear Hannah and 
me with a degree of thy uniting Love, 
Blessed and Holy Father, Encrease it I 
pray thee, that we may be truly and forever 
one another's Joy in thee, — that thou may 
always be our God, and may we never 
deviate from thy ways. Then wilt thou 
Continue to Own us with the Bedewings 
of Celestial rain, the sweet Overshadowings 
of divine Goodness, through time, and at 
last admit us through Infinite favour to 
Join the Heavenly Host in never-ceasing 

1748] Hannah Logan 185 

Songs of praise to thy High, Holy and 
Ever worthy name. 

Such were the devout Ejaculations of 
my soul. I got home before 12. Dined 
at Israel Pemberton's with Sam. Notting- 
ham, who set out this afternoon on his 
way to Rhode Island. 

j^th ^^d ^^y^ J ^^g ^j. nieetlng. Sarah 
Cox spoke; afterwards Michael Lightfoot 
preach'd & Joyce Benezitt pray'd. I was 
favoured with some degree of Tenderness 
& Contrition of Love, & whenever that 
is the Case I Esteem it a good meeting. 
Busy in the afternoon in posting our 
Company Books. 

I S*"" (4*^ day) Busy forenoon in posting 
our Company Books. In the Evening 
Rode to Stenton, but there being Com- 
pany had but little of my dear Hannah's 
alone, and in that little I thought she 
acted with more reserve than I hoped for, 
but I do not doubt her reasons for it were 
better than I knew of 

j^th ^^th jj^^,^ Returned home to 
Breakfast. Was at meeting. 

1 86 Courtship of [3' mo. 

Afternoon visited at I. Pemberton jun"", 
where was Sarah Logan, Sally Morris, dzc^. 

20"' (6"' day) James Logan sent me 
yesterday a Letter of his open, to forward 
after reading it, to Governour Belcher; and 
to-day I wrote to him a Letter of thanks 
for that & all other favors &c'\ Wrote 
also to my dear Hannah.' In the after- 
noon Jn° Reynells & I rode to Sam' 
Parr's place. Found a good deal of Com- 
pany there — & the greatest quantity of 
Strawberries that I ever saw in one place, 
as well as the Largest, of which we eat 

2 J St ^-,th clay) In the morning Abel 
James and I rode to I. Pemberton's plan- 
tation to see poor Chally. Found dear 
H. Logan there. I expect I took my 
last leave of Charles, he seems so weak. 
I think he cannot hold it many days. 
Hedesiredmeto tell Jemmy — who is gone 
to Burlington with S. Nottingham — that 
he wanted to see him. After dinner 
Elizabeth Morris & I rode in the Chaise 

1 See Appendix. 

1748] Hannah Logan 187 

to Burlington, E. Cathrall accompanying 
us. We got up in 4^^ hours ; found 
friends there pretty well. 

2^d ^j8t ^^y-^ Sammy Noble came up 
this morning, & brought advice that 
Chally Pemberton died yester afternoon 
between 4 & 5 o'clock & is to be buried 
to-morrow afternoon. The meetings 
were very large forenoon. Jn" Supres 
[Symes?] preach'd, Sam^ Nottingham 
pray'd & preach'd, P. Fearon pray'd & 
Samuel preached again. He & several 
other friends dined with us at father's. 
Afternoon Governour Belcher was at 
meeting, S. Nottingham preached twice & 
pray'd. He also pray'd at father's table 
at dinner. Spent part of the Evening in 
looking over a proposed answer of Bro"" 
Samuel's to G. Tennent's reply. Heard 
that the Snow Otter, man of war, arrived 
this morning at Philad. 

23** {2^ day) We returned about 6 
o'clock, having the Comp^ of S. N., P. 
Fearon, my Father & several others. The 
burial was very large, the Corpse being 

1 88 Courtship of [3' mo. 

carried into meeting. ... in the Eve- 
ning several friends met at I. Pemberton's 
and we had a very satisfactory sitting 
together. M. Yarnal preach'd and Sally 
Morris pray'd. I waited upon her home. 
My dear Hannah was at this meeting, and 
I was Glad of it. 

2^th ^^d j^y^ Was at meeting. 
My neighbor E. Cathral sat out this 
morning to accompany S. Nottingham to 
Rhode Island, & my father Sec" returned 
home. Spent part of the Even^ at I. 

25"' (4^'' day) Was very busy in the 
forenoon posting our Company books. 
After dinner took Eliz. Pennock out to 
Sam' Parr's. The widow Ashton & Joyce 
Benezitt went with us. We fared richly 
in Cherries, Strawberries. 

26"' (5"' day) Busy in the morning in 
posting. Went to meeting. 
After meeting the friends appointed to the 
service of visiting families, staid & con- 
sulted together about it. In the afternoon 
was at the burial of Sam' Austin's wife. 

1748] Hannah Logan 189 

Had Stephen & Brandon, two young 
Gentlemen from Boston, to spend the 
Evening with me. They were recom- 
mended tome by a Letter from Governour 
Belcher. The town was alarmed with the 
news of a Spanish Brig''' Privateer being 
at Ready Island, and much frightened 
were many people about it. 

if^ {6^^ day) Waited upon Stephen & 
Brandon to see the State house & Library, 
which made me late at our Monthly 
Meeting. . . . Isr. Pemberton jun"" 
being out of town at the burial of Joseph 
Kirkbride I was called upon to be clerk, 
& accordingly was. Thos. Brooks, B. 
Hough & D. Basset passed the second 
time, & Francis Harding with Rob: 
Ballenger the first. Dan' Stanton Laid 
his Concern of Visiting friends in Barba- 
does and Great Brittain before this meet- 
ing. Israel Pemberton & I were appointed 
to draw a Certificate for him. There was 
a pretty deal of other business, & the 
meeting concluded about ^ after one. I 
was busy the afternoon in posting our 
Company books. 

IQO Courtship of [3*^ mo. 

23th ^^th j^yj Employed the day at 
home. In the Evening Rode to Stenton. 
Found friends there well, and had my 
dear Hannah's Company till 1 1 o'clock, 
and the time was spent in Endearing 
Sociable Conversation. 

29"' (i"' day) After breakfast I returned 
home. Was morning & afternoon at the 
Bank. . . . There was a Cry of fire 
which disturbed the meeting while H. J. 
was speaking, but it proved only a Chim- 
ney. Had Jemmy Pemberton & W. 
Griffith's company to dine with me. . . . 
The disturbance about the privateers being 
in this Bay & at our Cape continues & 
Encreases. It is now said there are 4 or 
5 of them. 

30"' (2^^ day) Busy in different kinds of 
Employ. Afternoon I waited upon the 
Boston strangers, Stephen & Brandon, to 

^j8t ^^d clay) Stephen & Brandon went 
with me to meeting. . . . after which 
they dined with me. In the afternoon a 
person, Noiall [?] Chubb, who goes about 

174^] Hannah Logan 191 

with a Subscription paper to Send money to 
the President & Council upon the present 
Emergency came to me, but I was not free 
to sign it. However, 1 considered what 
friends could do in the present circum- 
stance of things — 5 or 6 privateers at 
the Capes. The Assembly had made no 
provision for any Exigencys of Govern- 
ment, and the council either could or 
would not Borrow money upon the Credit 
of the Assembly's repaying it. I thought 
if a Scheme could be drawn up reciting 
what J. Kinsey, the Speaker, had said in 
Council, viz., that he believed if they were 
put to any Expense in discharge of what 
they conceived to be their duty, that an 
adequate provision would be made by the 
Assembly in support of Government, and 
Binding the Subscribers to fulfil the 
Interest and meaning of that declaration, 
— it would help to still the Clamour & 
noises of the people, and be a means of 
healing the disturbances at present among 
us. According to this scheme I inad- 
vertently, without consulting with any 
body, drew up an instrument of writing & 

192 Courtship of [V^'mo. 

sign'd it with one hundred pounds. 
Jemmy Pemberton followed me with the 
same sum, & probably many more would 
have done so, but as soon as Chubb was 
gone I reflected that I had done a public 
Act, without consulting with my friends 
about it, which to say the best of it, was 
imprudent, let the intention be ever so 
good. I therefore immediately went into 
the town & consulted with some of my 
friends about it, who disapproving of the 
Act, Jemmy & I went & took up the 
paper again. Though it was but a little 
time between the signing & taking it back 
again, it was quickly reported & spread 
through the town that we had given those 
sums toward fitting out a Ship of war &c% 
and I was really troubled, though the 
report was false, that we had given them 
any grounds to raise false reports upon ; 
but as it was, what might be lawful was 
not Expedient. 

Fourth month. 

j8t ^^th ^^y^ J ]^^^ to-day a great deal 
of trouble about the foregoing afi^air in 
Endeavoring to remove the false storys 

1748] Hannah Logan 193 

that had been raised about, and acknowl- 
edging my folly in Attempting to set on 
foot a scheme without consulting my 
friends about it, and indeed, the meddling 
with anything of the sort was wrong in me. 
I Believe friends in such cases ought as 
much as possible to stand still. Spent 
the Even^ at I. Pemberton's with M. 
Lightfoot & M. Yarnal &c'\ 

2'' (5''' day) In the Evening I rode to 
Stenton, & Sally Morris being there, I 
took a Chaise to bring her home with me. 
Found friends well. Had my dear 
Hannah's company till 1 1 o'clock. Told 
her the whole of the above affair, & had 
some solid satisfaction .in her remarks 
upon that and other things. 

3'' (6*'' day) Sally & I got home before 
noon. Afternoon several of us rode to 
Point-no-Point. I spent the Evening at 
Israel Pemberton jun". When I came 
home found my bro. Samuel there. 

4*^ (y**^ day) My brother, partner & I 
waited upon Stephens & Brandon to see 


194 Courtship of [4"' mo. 

Germantown & the falls of Skuylkill.^ 
We returned about noon. Received a 
Letter from my dear father in answer to 
one I wrote wherein I had told him that 
I had some hopes the affair at Stenton 
would meet with all desirable success. 
He tells me in answer to it that he is very 
well pleased with it, and desires that such 
a Blessing may be sanctyfied to me &c\ 
Bids me to ask Hannah to give him leave 
to provide her a fourwheel'd Chaise of the 
best sort &c''. I wrote him, by bro'' Sam' 
who returned this afternoon, a letter of 
thanks. In the Evening W"" Logan & 
I took a walk to the State house &c'', and 
in our return called at his house, where we 
found his wife & my dear Hannah just 
come to town. Had there also some of 
Jn° Churchman's'^ company who with other 
friends began visiting families yesterday. 

1 The falls of the Schuylkill River, in consequence of the con- 
struction in 1 821 of a dam at Fairmount, three miles lower down 
the river, are no longer visible. Their location, however, is marked 
by a rock just below the Falls village. — Pa. Mag., XVI., 29. 

'■^JoHN Churchman (i 705-1 775), a noted Quaker minister, of 
Nottingham, Cecil County, Maryland. His wife was Marg.Tn-t 

1748] Hannah Logan 195 

^tu ^i«t j^y^ ^^g forenoon & afternoon 
at the Bank meeting. Forenoon M. 
Yarnal preached & pray'd, afternoon S. 
Morris, Jn" Churchman & B. Trotter 
preached. Had several friends' company 
between the meetings. Was at the Eve- 
ning meeting. ... I supped at I. 
Pemberton's, then went to W"" Logan's, 
where I had Hannah's company for some 
time. She seems now ahiiost determined 
to put the affair entirely off", which gives 
me a great deal of pain. It was difficult 
Enough to bear the doubts and fears I 
had before I made suit, but now when I 
thought I had rational Grounds to hope 
I should gain her, to have now the afflict- 
ing prospect of being deny'd, is abundantly 
more so. 

6**" (2** day) My mind to-day was so 
melancholy & dull on the foregoing 
account that I went very little out & did 
but very little at home. 

Brown, also a minister. They spent upwards of four years on a 
religious visit to Great Britian. — Futhey and Cope, Hist. Chester 
Co., Pa., 497. 

196 Courtship of [4*^ nio. 

^th ^^d j^yj Was at meeting. 
S. Cox said a few words in prayer & J. C. 
[John Churchman] preached again. I 
spent the afternoon with the friends 
appointed for Visiting the upper part of 
the town, viz. M. Lightfoot, E. Catherall, 
E. Pennock, Joyce Benezitt & Hannah 
Parrock. We were at 5 famihes. . . 
then the friends came & drank Tea with 
me. I was Glad to see an openness & 
freedom at the several families where we 
visited, and thankful that Truth opened 
suitable Council in every place. The 
Remembrancer & opener of the Store 
house & Treasury of Wisdom was cer- 
tainly with the Ministers. I omitted 
mentioning in its proper place that poor 
P. [?] Chubb the latter end of last week 
became delirious, supposed to be occasioned 
by his having schemes for raising money 
to fit out Ships of war to take the priva- 
teers at the Cape &c* too much at heart, 
& going about in hot days, drinking 
hard & being without sleep &c\ On first 
day he Jumped out of a window two Story 

^748] Hannah Logan 197 

high & broke both his Legs & to-day I 
understand he is in dangerous condition, 
gth i^^th j^^yj ^^g Ijj^gy ^l^g forepart of 
the day in posting our Company books. 
Afternoon, I accompanied the same friends 
(except Joyce, who was gone out of town) 
to visit. We were at 5 famihes, Viz. — 
Cha: West's, Jn° Jones', Rob' Wain's, the 
Wid° Watson's & Ed'* James's. Michael 
& Elizabeth had something very suitable 
to say, one or both, at Every house. 

^th ^^th ^^^^ ^^g ^j. jneeting, w*'*' I 
thought a very dull one. . . . Benj* 
Hough was married. I staid & sign'd 
the Certificate. Understanding that some 
friends down town who think they have a 
right to govern all Church Affairs, were 
uneasy at my going with the friends visit- 
ing families, pretending that they thought, 
as Reports were gone abroad (tho' false) 
that I had Contradicted the Testimony I 
had bore against war, it would therefore 
lessen the Credit of the Service &c'' — 
though I saw that this was rash Judgement, 
yet as I would neither give offence to Jew, 

198 Courtship of [4"' mo. 

Gentile, and especially not to the Church, 
I therefore avoided going with the friends 
though much pressed by M. L. &c* thereto. 

10*'' (6*'' day) Employed it [the day] 
in reading Thomas Story's Journal, one 
of which just arrived, being sent via Mary- 
land from Christo: Wilson to I. P. In 
the Evening took a turn with my partner 
to the Point. 

jjth ^^th jg^y^ Employed most of it 
[the day] as yesterday. Supped at I. P. 
jun'' with H. Logan, A. Benezitt & wife 
did". Waited upon Hannah to her 
brother's, & they being gone to Bed, had 
her Company till after ten o'clock, and we 
had together a good deal of melting Con- 
versation, she being determined to put the 
thing entirely off, but with much persuasion 
I got a little Liberty for one other time 
upon it, tho' she told me she could not 
give me the least hope by putting it off 
to a future time. 

^^tb ^^d ^^y^ Busy in writing &c*. In 
the Evening took a walk with J. Crosby, 
J. Kinsey, R. Hartshorne & Th" Crosby 

^74^] Hannah Logan 199 

to G. Emlen jun™ little place w*"'' he calls 
Lebanon.^ Were caught there in the 
hardest Gust of Thunder, Lightning & 
Rain that we have had this year. Got a 
Ride home in J. C.'s Chariot. 

14*'' (3'^ day) Was at meeting. 
Tho* Brooks was married. I did not stay 
to sign the Certificate because I did not 
hear the young woman say one word. 
J. C. came home & dined with me. 

1 was with the friends at two of the 
families they visited this afternoon, viz. 
Ed"^ Evan's & S. Noble's. 

1 5''' (4*^ ^^y) Had in the forenoon some 
of John Churchman's comp^, who gave 
me a pretty deal of Good Advice in open- 
ness & freedom, & it was so received. 
After dinner Rode to the Point with Jn" 
Armitt & A. James, viewing our Meadows, 
now covered with Swarths of grass mowed, 
Grass standing & Cocks of hay. After- 
ward we went to M. Chalkley's," where 

' Between the City and the Lower Ferry, near Israel Pemberton's 
seat " Evergreen," and John Kinsey's " Plantation House." 
2 Widow of Thomas Chalkley. 

2 00 Courtship of [4"' mo. 

we eat plentifully of Extraordinary Cher- 
ries called the Dutch Duke. 

16"' (5"" day) Was at meeting. Daniel 
Stanton preach'd, then David Basset was 
married to the widow of David Ellwell. 
I staid & sign'd the Certificate, as did 
many other friends, the Couple speaking 
Audibly & well. I drank Tea at John 
Reynell's & J. Armitt's with some of the 
agreeable fair Sex. Had my uncle Jos: 
Noble & his wife's company to dinner, & 
spent the Evening with them &c* at W° 

j^th ^^th ^^y^ Read part of Thomson's 
Seasons.^ Was in the afternoon with the 
fr*^^ visiting families at W"" Callender's & 
E. Catherall's. At the first, Joyce, J. 
Churchman & M. L. preached, and the 
two last did so at Edward's. 

jgth ^yth ^^y^ Went to see poor P. 
Chubb, who seems in a hopeful way. 
Spent some time at I. Pemberton's with 
Several agreeable friends. 

^ James Thomson, " The Seasons," 2 vols. London, 1730-36 
4°. [Brit. Mus. Cat.'] 

1748] Hannah Logan 201 

2Qth ^^d ^^y-^ Read Thomson's Sea- 
sons &C''. 

2 J St ^^d (^2.y) Rode to the ferry with 
Jn" Churchman on his return home. Came 
back time enough & went to meeting. 
In the evening I rode to Stenton 
& had my dear Hannah's Company till 
ten o'clock. Found her still in a disposi- 
tion to defer the affair till sometime hence, 
and desirous of my not making frequent 
Visits untill she can see clearer whether it 
is her place to accept my proposals or not, 
w*''' as I perceived it would be agreeable to 
her I consented to : and then we Conversed 
together in a very Chearful & agreeable 

22'^ (4*'' day) Had a good deal of 
Hannah's Company this morning and an 
opportunity of some conversation with her 
father & mother separately. I Acquainted 
them how the affair was circumstanced, & 
the reasons for my not making Visits as 
frequent as I could wish. They treated 
me now as heretofore verv kindly & 
Generously. I got home to dinner, & 

20 2 Courtship of [4*^ mo. 

left Hannah in a much easier and pleas- 
anter disposition than for some time 
before, which gives me a great deal of solid 
satisfaction. In the afternoon went to 
Geo. Emlen's place with Jemmy Pember- 
ton, where was W"" Logan's wife, J. Pole- 
green & wife Scc^. 

23^ (5*^ day) Was part of the Evening 
at I. P. jun". Drew a Certificate for D. 

24*'' (6*'' day) Was at our Mo: Meeting. 
Fr: Harding pass'd the 2d time. The 
Certificate for D. Stanton was approved 
& signed with the alteration of one word 
only. I was appointed with some other 
friends a Trustee for the Lots &c'' belong- 
ing to the meeting. Was in the Evening 
at the burial of Hugh Fitzrandolph, a 
young man lately come from E. Jersey to 
live in town. 

^^th ^^th (^2.y) Read Thomson's 

26"' (i'*day) Waited upon M. Light- 
foot to Merrion. Stay'd some time at 

'James Thomson, Sophonisba, a Tragedy. 

1748] Hannah Logan 203 

David George's. At the meeting Tho^ 
Davie, Hannah Harrison & Michael 
preach'd & Michael pray'd. We came 
back & dined at D. George's, Soon after 
dinner we had one of the greatest Gusts 
of Rain, attended with most and sharpest 
thunder & Lightning that ever I knew. 
It held up so as that we got home in the 
Evening without any other damage than 
being pretty much mudded. Heard of a 
Tree being split with the Lightening 
between where we were & the ferry. 
Several houses in town were likewise struck 
& a Shallop lying a little below Gloucester 
point were set on fire & burnt by it — but 
no lives Lost. 

27*'' (2** day) Spent some time in the 
morning in sympathy with Ezekiel Fitz- 
Randolph, who breakfasted with me & is 
very sorrowful for the death of his hopeful 
brother. Had afterwards the Company 
of Haggit Peckover, who for some mis- 
demeanor is obliged to leave Governour 
Belcher's service. I talked to him very 
closely & honestly about his misconduct. 

204 Courtship of [4*" mo- 

de Laboured heartily to stir him up to seek 
Repentance & Reformation, poor unhappy 
Creature ! I wish the pains that his friends 
take for & with him may have the desired 
Effect, for his own and his Valuable father's 
sake. I Employed part of the afternoon 
in persuading Coz Nanny Smith to give 
over the thought of going to Jamaica with 
Capt. Arthur, which she had determined 
upon, and I was happy Enough to succeed. 
I spent the evening in visiting several 

28*'' (3*^ day) Was at meeting, which I 
believe was to others a very good one, 
but poor I seemed, like the heath in the 
desert not knowing when good comes. 
M. Yarnal & D. Stanton preach'd & B. 
Trotter pray'd. Had W'" Logan's com- 
pany to dine with me. As 1 was sitting 
at my door this afternoon I perceived a 
Bricklayer who works at Building Capt. 
Dower's house & his negro differing — 
saw the master strike him, upon which the 
negro ran down to the End of the wharf 
& several after him. When he got there 

1748] Hannah Logan 205 

he swore if his master struck him again 
he would jump off & drown himself, which 
the master unhappily doing, the fellow was 
as good as his word, — jumped off & 
perished before anybody could save him. 
This affair Affected me very much. Had 
in the Evening the company of the fr"^* 
who are visiting families. 

29*'' (4"" day) Busy in the forenoon. 
After dinner 1 took. Capt. Dowers in my 
Chair to the falls of Skuylkiil a-fishing. 
We went in the rain, fished in the rain, & 
came home in it. Caught but few. 

^Qth ^^th ^^yj Called in after meet- 
ing at I. Pemberton's, & saw my friend 
Hannah Logan there. Heard that Sophia 
Hume is come to town. After dinner 
Jn" Armit & I went to LP. jun""** & saw 
her there. Was pleased with her Com- 
pany. Then Jemmy Pemberton & I took 
a walk to G. Mifflin's country place, where 
we found some agreeable Girls, whom we 
waited upon to town. Spent the Evening 
at our fire company meeting, in more 
debate than was profitable. 

2o6 Courtship of [s'^^o- 

Fifth month. 

j8t ^^th j^y^ ^2js, in the forenoon at I. 
Pemberton's where I had some of dear 
H. Logan's Company. In the afternoon 
I went with the friends who are visiting 
famihes to W"" & Thomas Fisher's, Jacob 
Cooper & the wid° Owen's. At each of 
the houses much wholesome advice & 
counsel was given. I spent some time 
to-day with the wid° Morris who hath been 
ill some days. 

2*^ (7"' day) Several of us Employd the 
day in fishing. Had but poor success at it. 

3*^ (i** day) I had David George & 
Jemmy Logan to dine with me. 
I went to the afternoon meeting, but was 
obliged to leave it before it was done. 
Being refreshed with some sleep 
I went to the Evening meeting. 
Found myself very ill to-night, — took 
some Camomile Tea, which threw me into 
a fine sweat, but I slept little. 

4"' (2*^ day) I continued, tho' not quite 
so bad, so unwell that I kept my bed 

174^] Hannah Logan 207 

most of the day. Read the first Vol. of 
Jos. Andrews.^ 

5"' (3'' day) Found myself something 
better. Went to meeting. . . . Had 
M. Lightfoot & M. Yarnal to dine with 
me. Was in the afternoon with the 
friends at Sam* Shoemaker's. 

6"' (4"' day) Employed part of the day 
in reading in the writings of our Antient 
& valuable friend William Smith, and 
several chapters in the book of Job. 

ytb ^^th ^i^y^ Francis Harding was 
married. Sophia, E. White, J. Benezitt, 
Rachel & Jemmy Pemberton came home 
& dined with me. I went with the friends 
visiting, having Sophia with us, but she 
said nothing. We were at the widow 
Elfreth's, the Wid" Durbrugh's, & at Paul 
Krepner's. I drank Tea at Sam' Pennock's. 

8*^ (6'*' day) Went to Merion Meeting, 
which was very large. I think there were 

1 " The History of the Adventures of Joseph Andrews and his 
friend Mr. Abraham Adams," Henry Fielding's famous novel, 
a typical specimen of the racy literature of the time. Sally Wister, 
as she notes in her Diary of 1778, also read "Joe Andrews." 

2o8 Courtship of [5"' mo. 

more people from town than I have ever 
seen at a country meeting. ... I dined 
at Hugh Evans's, with several other friends, 
and spent sometime both before & after 
at D. George's. Heard when I came home 
of the death of poor Piall [?] Chubb. 

^tb ^^th j^^y^ ^^g jj^ ^.j^g morning at 
the burial of P. Chubb, which was in our 
Burying Ground. There was a large and 
mixed number of people at it. . . . 
After dinner several of us rode out with 
Sam' Nottingham to Samuel Morris's, 
where S. N., John Armitt, Jemmy Pem- 
berton & I lodged to-night, & were very 
kindly Entertained. 

jQth (^jstj^j^y^ ^g gQ^ J.Q John Evans's 
an hour before meeting time. The meet- 
ing was large. . . . Jemmy & I, after 
dining at John Evans's, set out for home, 
Samuel & John intending to stay all night. 
We called at James Logan's as did J. 
Kinsey & several others, & drank Tea — 
of my dear Hannah's making. 

1 1*^ {^J day) I dined at Edw'' Cathrall's 
with S. Nottingham, D. Stanton, A. 

1748] Hannah Logan 209 

Farrington, I. Pemberton &;c^ After 
dinner we had a sitting there. Samuel 
pray'd. I had the company of Different 
Visitors in the afternoon. A. F., P. Fearn 
& Jn" Woolman & Samuel Galloway 
spent the evening with me, and the three 
former Lodged at my house, being come 
down to take their leaves of the friends 
who are about to leave us. 

j^th ^^d ^^y^ p^ Fearn dined with me, 
& I had several friends' company in the 
afternoon. I spent the Evening at J. 
Armitt's, with my dear Hannah, Sam' 
Nottingham & several other friends. 
Samuel pray'd before supper. 

13"' (4*^ day) Rode to Germantown 
meeting, which was very large. I suppose 
there was 30 Chaises & Chairs from town 
there. . . . Many friends dining at 
Stenton, I had the pleasure of dining with 
dear Hannah at a side Table — which I 
prefer to the most sumptuous & Exact 
Entertainment without her. 

j^th ^^th ^^y^ Wrote several letters to 
go by the friends. Was at meeting, which, 


2IO Courtship ot [5*^ mo. 

being the parting one, was very large. 
After dinner we had a sitting of a large 
number of friends at I. Pemberton's, w^'^was 
silent. Then we set out for Chester, I. P. 
jun"" taking S. N. in his Chaise, and Daniel 
rode with me in my partner's, which kept 
us pretty dry. Several fr*^^ rode on horse- 
back. We were at an appointed meeting 
at Chester, which began about 6 o'clock. 

1 5*'' (6*^' day) Took leave of the friends 
at their going on board the Snow, P. 
Draison M'', for Barbadoes, about 6 o'clock 
in the morning. Then we returned home. 

j^th ^yth j^y^ After dinner I rode to 
Burlington to see my father, who hath been 
some days indisposed, in comp^ with 
Robert Smith, his son Daniel, & T. 
Lightfoot. We went over the river to 
Cooper's round by Coxe's bridge, & so 
up the new unfinished road. Soon after 
I got into my father's house a messenger 
arrived from Amboy with a letter from 
Capt Peal, advising that our Snow was 
safe arrived at New York, and Imparting 
the necessity of some immediate advice, 

1748] Hannah Logan 211 

so that I determined to set out for thence 
early in the morning — because to take 
time to send for either of the other owners 
would make a great delay. So I wrote to 
my partner, Borrowed some linen of my 
bro"" Samuel, & got ready for the Journey. 

j^th (^j>^t(^ay) Set out with the messen- 
ger that brought us the news — viz. Ezek 
Fitzrandolph — about 6 o'clock in the 
morning. Baited at Croswicks. Dined 
at Cranbury, where there were a large 
number of people, the worship of the 
Presbyterians and Baptists being just con- 
cluded. We Baited again at South river, 
and got to Amboy before dark, w'^'' used 
to be reckoned 50 miles, but by their 
measuring it lately they find it to be but 
47. I waited upon the Collector to see 
if I could prevail upon him to Enter the 
Vessel while she lay at New York, but he 
would not do it unless she came over to 
the Jersey shore. 

18'^ (2** day) Set out for Amboy about 
7, & getting a ready passage over the 
narrows at Symond's ferrv I got to the 

2 12 Courtship of [5"* ^'^^■ 

ferry upon Long Island opposite to York 
about one. Got to the city soon after. 
Went to a Tavern & called for some dinner. 
While I was eating it saw Capt Peal & 
Spencer going down to the wharf near where 
I was, which I was very well pleased with, 
since I did not know where to find either 
of them. The wind and tide suiting, 
we got a pilot & sent the Snow over to 
the Hills, ordering the Captain after Entring 
her at Amboy to bring her back again. 
The reason of our Entering there is to 
save the Tonnage, there being a law in 
New York imposing a duty of ^2 '^, Ton 
upon all Vessells entring from beyond 
seas not owned there. James Burling 
meeting with me was so kind as to Invite 
me to take up my quarters at his house, 
and I accepted it. Drank Tea at Spencer's 
in the broadway in Company with a sister 
of Lady Warren's, viz. Jn" Watts' wife,^ & 
several other fine women. 

1 Anne Watts, wife of 
John Watts, of New York, 
was a daughter of Stephen^ 
DeLancey, a wealthy Huguenot merchant of New Work, by his 

1748] Hannah Logan 213 

19*'' {f day) Walked about the City 
pretty much. Took a great deal of pains 
to get a wharf for the Vessel to unload at, 
and at length got the promise of one. 
The Captain returned with the Snow 
before night, having entred & cleared at 
Amboy. I dined to-day at Spencer's 
upon a dinner drest after the french mode. 
Drank Tea at my Lodgings. 

20"' (4*^' day) Got the Vessel to the 
wharf about lo o'clock, & begun to unload. 
It being their meeting day, I invited my 
Landlord's daughter Phebe to shew me 
the way thither, & Joseph ShotwelP of 
Woodbridge went with us. There was 
but 4 people besides us — which I took 
care to mention to some of the delinquents. 
I dined to-day at Sam^ Burling's, & drank 
Tea there. Received a letter from my 

wife Ann, daughter of Stephen VanCortlandt, of Cortlandt Manor. 
Mrs. Watts' sister, Susanna, married Sir Peter Warren, Admiral 
of the British Navy. — Famous Families of N. Y. City, I., 91-2 ; 
Mem. Hist., N. Y., passim ; Nat. Diet. Bio., LIX., 419. 

^Joseph Shotwell, of Woodbridge, New Jersey, a Friend 
of Woodbridge Monthly Meeting. — A. M. Shotwell, Our Family 
Annals, 1 49. 

2 14 Courtship of [5*^ mo- 

partner advising of the arrival of Jane 
Hoskins & Betty Hudson at Dublin &c''. 

21'' (5''' day) We got out the remain- 
der of our wines that were to be landed, 
there being in all 83, & should have done 
it soon, but our people had imprudently 
stowed some of them in the ground floor. 
I dined to-day & drank Tea at Samuel 
Bound's. Spent the Evening at Henry 

22*^ (6*^ day) I spent some time to-day, 
as I had once before done, with Edw** 
Burling, who hath been some time Bed- 
ridden & helpless, witnessing the Evil day 
to become wherein there is no pleasure. 

The Captain Collected the freight 
money & I laid it out in Bills of Exchange. 
Dined & drank Tea at my lodgings, took 
leave of my kind friends, & left New York 
about 4 o'clock. Got to Amboy about 
10, which is computed 25 miles, and I 
was indeed a full hour at the ferry at the 
Narrows, besides what I was at the two 
other ferries. Waited upon the Collector 

1748] Hannah Logan 215 

and paid him his fees. Lodged at Rich'* 

23'' {f^ day) Left Amboy about 6 
o'clock. After I had got over South river 
bridge I took the Left hand road instead 
of the right, and rode near Ten miles out 
of my way. However, I got to Cranbury, 
& dined there. Baited at Croswicks, & 
got to Burlington about 8 o'clock. Found 
friends all well. 

24*'' (i'* day) Being pretty much tired 
I staid at Burlington to rest myself. Was 
at both meetings. . . , Governor 
Belcher drank Tea with us at Bro. Samuel's. 
I spent some time in the Evening with 
Jenny Large, who came to-day from 
Buckingham, and hath been some time in 
a very low. Afflicted state of mind. In 
waiting upon God together some things 
sprung fresh in my mind, as that saying 
of Job in his distress, " Though thou kill 
me, yet will I trust in thee," and that 
Comfortable Expression in one of the 
prophets, " Though I have hid my face 
from thee for a moment, yet with Ever- 

2i6 Courtship of [s*"" mo. 

lasting kindness will I remember thee," 
with some observations upon them which 
I communicated to her. She seemed to 
be much relieved thereby, — may the praise 
be given to him who when he shutteth 
none can open, and when he openeth none 
can shut. 

25^^ (a** day) Left Burlington about 6, 
and got home about 10. Found friends 
in general well, and my partners well satis- 
fied with my management of the business 
I had been about. Spent some time in 
the afternoon in visiting my friends. 
Drank Tea at J. Reynell's and at I. P. 
jun""** with So: Hume &c^ 

26"* {2'^ day) Was at meeting. . . . 
This was to me a peculiarly good meeting. 
I waited in it for a sence whether it would 
be suitable for me to renew my visits to 
dear Hannah Logan ; and in my waiting 
my mind was filled with sweetness, and 
enlarged in pure Love & a particular open- 
ness & freedom, so that I determined in 
the affirmative. Had Israel Pemberton 

^748] Hannah Logan 217 

& his wife & Jemmy, W. Logan & his 
wife to dine with me. 

In the evening I rode to Stenton. 
Hannah & her mother were not at home, 
but soon came, and my dearest Creature 
received me with a decent agreeable 
freedom, & we conversed together with 
solid delight & pleasure. I retired to rest 
in the arms of Mercy, my soul ascending 
in praise & Gratitude to the Great Healer 
of breaches & Restorer of paths to dwell in. 

Had my dear Hannah's company sev- 
eral hours, and received the fullest Assur- 
ances of a Reciprocal Love & Tenderness. 
Our conversation was in boundless Confi- 
dence, and with the most perfect Harmony 
our Souls seem'd entirely knit and united 
together, and we jointly breathed that the 
Eternal One might bless us in a sacred 
and indissoluble tye, & might make us 
one another's Joy in him. We had the 
pleasure to reflect that we had a true 
regard to his fear, & sought his direction 
& Blessing above all other consideration 
in this affair, and to consider that the 

2i8 Courtship of [5'' mo. 

Good hand had sanctify'd all our diffi- 
culties and fears, and given us a Liberty to 
Love one another without reserve. May 
we both forever Lean upon his Eternal 
Arm, and O may I, who am doubly obli- 
gated by this fresh instance of his match- 
less mercy, make it the principal Study 
and Endeavour of my Life to please and 
serve him who hath dealt thus bountifully 
with me. I proposed our going to the 
next monthly meeting, both to Hannah 
& her mother, & they took till to-morrow 
Evening to Consider it. I got home to 
dinner, & spent some time after at W"" 

^gth ^^th ^^y^ jj^ ^j^g Evening rode to 
Stenton, but the old Gentlewoman's rea- 
sons against going to-morrow were so 
strong that I was obliged to submit to 
them. Had however my dear Hannah's 
company till 9 o'clock in the freest and 
most agreeable manner ; then W. Logan 
& I rode home together. My father came 
to town to-day, w*"'' was the reason I 
returned to night. 

174S] Hannah Logan 219 

29*'' (6*'* day) Attended our monthly 
meeting, w*^'^ was but small. ... A cer- 
tificate was sign'd for S. Nottingham to 

Wellinborough in , the place of his 

abode, and one of removal for Rob: 
Minshall to Darby. I was appointed one 
of the Representatives to the Quarterly 

^Qth (^jth ^^y-j Hd.d A. Farrington's & 
several other frd*" company, who are come 
to the Ou. meeting. 

31'* (i'* day) Wrote a Letter to S. 
Nottingham, J. Ashton. Was morning 
and afternoon at Bank. 

Sixth mojith. 

i^* (2^ day) Attended our Quarterly 
meeting, w*"'' was very large. . . . The 
meeting of business held till near 5 o'clock, 
occasioned by the request of Merion and 
Abington monthly meeting that the rule 
which prohibits a man from marrying his 
wife's first Cousin might be carried up to 
the Yearly Meeting to be reconsidered. 
This caused a long debate, and it was at 
length concluded to refer it back to the 

2 20 Courtship of [6'' mo. 

monthly meetings that they might further 
consider of it before it is carried up. 

2'* (3'* day) My brother Sam' & Sister 
Betty came down to-day, & I had theirs 
& Stephen Onion's comp^ to dinner. 
Supped at Israel Pemberton's with dear 
Hannah Logan, whom I waited upon to 
her brother's, where I had her choice 
company in private till near 1 1 o'clock, 
and we enjoyed one another in a free, 
cheerful manner. 

3** (4*^ day) My father returned home 
with A. Farrington. I took some pains 
to persuade poor Haggit Peckover to go 
home in Smyter [?] and he at length agreed 
to do so. Then I went and provided him 
with a Bed &c''. I wrote letters to Elias 
Bland, I. Greenleaf & Tho^ Gawthrop to 
go ^ Smyter [?] who sails to-morrow. 

4"' (5*'* day) Employ 'd the afternoon 
at I. P. jun""' with him, M. Lightfoot & 
Antho: Morris in looking & reading 
over a piece which Sophia Hume intends 
to print. Spent the Even^ & sup'd at 
W™ Logan's with my dear Hannah, whose 


1748] Hannah Logan 221 

company I had also for some time, — the 
Balm that sweetens Life. 

Our Snow Prince William came up to- 
day. I was this morning at the burial of 
Jos: Govett. 

^th ^^th j^^y^ Busy in getting our Snow 
unloaded. Drank Tea at I. P. jun""^ with 
Sophia Hume, M. Lightfoot, W" Brown 
&c^ Had Sally Morris & Mary Armitt 
to spend the Evening with my sister at 
my house. 

^th ^^th j^y-^ jyjy sister returned home. 
I drank Tea at Israel Pemberton's, & 
spent some time at the widow Morris's & 
J. Armitt's &c''. 

f" (i^'day) Was at the Bank fore- 
noon & afternoon. In the first Sarah 
Banks spoke, Eliza Stephens preached, 
Sarah pray'd & H. Hulford preached. 
. . . Then went to the burial of Rich** 
Armitt, who died suddenly last night of a 
fit of the Asthma. I help'd twice to 
carry the Corps, & I think it was the 
heaviest that I ever felt ; my shoulder was 
made verv sore by it. Was at the Even^ 

222 Courtship of [6*'' mo. 

meeting. The Shoemaker Lad pray'd & 
Sarah Banks spoke twice. 

8"' (2** day) Employed the forenoon 
in selHng some of our wines, and the 
afternoon with the friends at I. P. jun" 
upon So: Hume's Treatise. In the Eve- 
ning visited at the Wid. Morris's, & found 
Sally & my dear Hannah just returned 
from [?] Cooper's &c'\ Waited upon 
Hannah to her brother's. 

^th ^^d j^y^ Was at meeting. M. Light- 
foot preach'd & pray'd. Spent the after- 
noon as yesterday. Rode in the Even^ to 
Stenton, & spent the time to my very 
great satisfaction, and I hope to Hannah's. 
We conversed together upon the highest, 
as well as lower objects, in a pleasant and 
open manner, & Embraced each other in 
pure Love & perfect Confidence. And 
Greater Temporal happiness cannot be ! 
O my Soul, forever Bow before the Blessed 
Dispenser of all Good in deep thankful- 
ness & Reverence, for thus highly favour- 
ing of thee — 

And in a true & faithful friend 
Hath doubled all my store. 

1748] Hannah Logan 223 

10*'' (4"' day) Had some of my 
Charmer's sweet Company & Conversation, 
& returned home to dinner. Employed 
the remainder of the day in business & 
spent the Evening alone — having lost a 
great part of the relish I used to have for 
other company beside my dear Hannah's, 
now I know the value of hers. 

II*'' (5"' day) Was at meeting, but 
being hindered by business was late. Old 
John Wright was preaching when I went 
in, and held it sometime after ; then Sarah 
Morris preached, and our Antient friend 
Eliz* Evans pray'd. Spent some time 
after at W" Logan's, who kindly informed 
me that his mother &c* intended to go 
a-fishing to-morrow morning &c% and I 
immediately concluded in my mind to 
make one of the company, but the fear 
of disobliging my Hannah gave me a 
good deal of uneasiness. Spent the Eve- 
ning alone at home. 

j^th ^^th ^^y>^ J j.Q|^g jj^ ^YiQ morning 
to the falls of Skuylkill. Found there 
my dear Hannah fishing at some distance 

2 24 Courtship of [6*' mo. 

from the rest of the company, so that I 
had an opportunity to make an Apology 
for my coming — which she very gener- 
ously received, and I had the pleasantest 
day in fishing that I ever Employed that 
way before. Waited as much as I was 
capable upon my Hannah & her mother 
& we caught some fish, part of w*^'' the 
Old Gentlewoman & Jemmy took home 
with them to dinner, & the remainder we 
— i.e. W"" Logan & his wife, my Charmer 
& I — took with us to John Roberts's,^ 
who kindly invited us to his house. We 
dined there, took a nap of sleep, & 
returned to our diversion. Caught enough 
to take to Stenton for supper, & got safe 
there about 7. I had my dear Hannah's 
blessed company till 12, and we never had 
a more agreeable time together : — I do not 
mean to the senses altogether, but pleasure 
to the mind, being mutually favoured with 
a degree of the heart-melting Love of God, 
which cemented us together and made us 

^ This was probably the John Roberts who was hanged in 1778 
for rendering assistance to the British. — Sharpless, Quakers in the 
Revolution, 193. 

1748] Hannah Logan 225 

one in him — praised be his most Glorious 
name ! Great and marvellous are his 
works, Tender and kind his dealings ! 
He hath done more for me inwardly & 
outwardly than ever I could have asked 
or thought. May I always ascribe the 
honour to him that ruleth on high, & 
whose dominion is an everlasting dominion. 
13*^ (7*^ day) Was Busy in the morn- 
ing. W"" Logan & I having got home 
about 7 o'clock, had Peter Fearn & 
Anthony Benezitt to dine with me. The 
latter, after dinner with E. Cathrall, went 
with me to see Conradus Matthew,^ an 
Antient Hermit who lives in a lone house 
about 7 miles from town on Wischickin 
road, and has done so above 30 years, 
having taken possession of that house 
upon the death of Kelpius, a learned man 
who lived some years there in the same 

1 Conrad MatthAi (1678-1748), one of the last of the 
Pietists, or mystic Hermits, of the Wissahickon, near Germantown. 
He was a native of Switzerland and came to Pennsylvania in 1 704 
to join the Kelpius settlement. With the death of the latter, in 
1708, the community declined, and soon Matthai alone remained, 
leading a life of religious seclusion until his death in 1748. — Sachse, 
Pietists, 388-401 J Chronicon Ephretense, passim. 

2 26 Courtship of [6'' mo. 

recluse manner. Conrad is a Svvitzer by 
birth, but talks English intelligibly. We 
found him in pretty good health. When 
he understood that I was the Author of 
the Answer to G. Tennent's sermon &c* 
he expressed a great deal of Gladness to 
see me, saying his mind has been often 
with me, and that he thanked God for 
giving me his Grace in that service &c'^. 
We had a pretty deal of religious Converse 
together, but I did not now or when I 
formerly visited him find that depth of 
Experience in religion which might be 
Expected in one that hath so long pro- 
fessed to withdraw his mind from all other 
objects to be fixed on that alone. 

We went from thence to Stephen 
Benezitt's ^ at Germantown, & the Old 
Gentleman was glad to see us. We drank 
Tea with him & returned home. On the 
way met Daniel Mackanat, who informed 
us that Capt Mesnard was arrived from 
London, which piece of good news gave 
me a great deal of pleasure. Soon after 

* Father of Anthony Benezet. 

1748] Hannah Logan 227 

I got home I went to Isr' Pemberton's, 
& found my Uncle Large there in good 
health, & father fresher than when he left 
us. He with P. Fearn &c'' came home & 
Lodged with me. Found by our Letters, 
that we have a Cargoe on board of about 
^iioosterl" — and I have sundry agree- 
able things for my own use. 

14*^ (i"' day) Was up early in the 
morning. Uncle Large & P. Fearn setting 
out for Burlington. Went to the Bank 
meeting, which I thought would have been 
a good one if the Life had not been 
preach'd away. Sam^ Pennock, the Shoe- 
maker Lad & Abraham Mors spoke, & 
Sarah Cox pray'd. Spent the afternoon 
with William Logan at his house. Read 
there a Sermon of D"" Watts's, & had a 
little of a young man's ^ company who is 
come for a Latin School-master for 
Friends' free school. 

15*** (2** day) Was busy in looking 
over our Letters, Invoices &c''. In the 
Evening rode to Stenton, took with me a 

• Robert Willan. 

2 28 Courtship of [6"' mo. 

plan of the damage done by the fire in 
London, & Gave to the Old Gentleman, 
& the magazines for March and April, 
which I left with Hannah, whose dear and 
most acceptable Company I had till past 
1 1 o'clock, and the time seem'd too short 
to say the many things which occurred in 
so delightful a scituation. An intimate, 
sociable and perfectly free conversation 
with a woman of Good sense, and Good 
nature, and both temper'd and Govern'd 
by Religion, is certainly the greatest Tem- 
poral happiness that a man can possibly 
Enjoy, and my being thus highly Blessed 
makes me sometimes reflect with wonder 
and Amazement, Good God, what am I 
that thou has thus mark'd me out for one 
of the happiest of thy Creation ! I often 
see myself an object so low, & w"'' hath 
frequently run so retrograde to thy will, 
that I am unworthy of the least of thy 
favours, and yet how art thou multiplying 
and heaping thy kindness upon my head ! 
No works of mine have ever merited any- 
thing of thee but wrath & Condemnation : 

174^] Hannah Logan 229 

— this display then of Love is meer 
mercy, free Lovingkindness. O may my 
hfe be one Continual return of Gratitude 
for so much Overflowing of kindness & 
Benignity ! 

1 6"" {2'^ day) Returned home to break- 
fast, & was busy in getting our store in 
order to receive the goods p"" Mesnard. 
My partner having very sore Eyes 
occasion'd my close attention to business 
to be necessary. However, went to meet- 
ing. Margaret Holland, B. Trotter & 
Eliz. Stephens & Marg* again spoke. I 
Employ'd the afternoon very diligently 
in opening and marking Goods &c'*. 

morning, & stuck very close to opening, 
marking and selling Goods all day. Had 
in the Evening my father's & Robert 
Willan's^ &c'' Company. 

^ Dr. Robert Willan, unmarried, brought a certificate of 
removal from Scarborough Monthly Meeting, Yorkshire, England, 
to Philadelphia, in 1748. He came over to take charge of the 
Friends' School, now the William Penn Charter School. — Myers, 
Quaker Arrivals at Philadelphia, 112. 

230 Courtship of [6*^ mo. 

jgth ^^th j^y^ Employ'd as yesterday. 
Had in the Evening the company of 
several Valuable frd^, viz. my father, W™ 
Morris, Jos: Noble, I. Pemberton jun'" &c^ 

19"' (6*'' day) Was very busy in the 
store, my partner's disorder continuing, 
but Jemmy Logan being in town, & to 
return about noon to Stenton, I took time 
enough to write a few lines to my dear 
Hannah acquainting her that I often 
remembred her &c% and with the grateful 
disposition I am in towards the Great 
Original & her as the Instrument of the 
present happy & easy scituation of mind 
that I am in &c''. 

My father returned home this morning 
& Robt. Willan went with him. In the 
Evening I visited at Israel Pemberton's, 
both he and Jemmy being unwell. This 
is the only time I have been lower than 
Arch street since First-day. 

^Qth ^^th ^^y^ Employ'd the forenoon 
very industriously in business. In the 
afternoon W"" Logan & I rode to our 
plantations at the Point. 

kturute)) OA-^uiuz^ eiH.1^ ^O^cju. f-^aM) A.ij.Jfrtf/xi^tli^ /LtuA 
^jh^ a-* S ■'K^{e.(JZ^»ii iIisL^%.Lhcin)i^ ^CtujIjluCQ m %i.i^A.-e-rit^Of /%<t. ^i) 

^u^i «/? vacL.^ '/uUi u Ztu. j^^^jeiiti,/^oM. tf Sl^f'ladL■^'>^'*^:^■ 
-J/U^ ^vto i^4u/l ^O^c A^..,/ncv< Z/tc.n r/aiii/iA-u^f /c ^u/f^r<r^itf 
UcAfXT.^ J^u^vtiO ui ('.•>/«< /iiiuvx4 , ^uL Hoi- U'UiiiMit <i tocrj/nt. erf fitt/r^ 

Letter of John Smith to Hannah Logan 

Photographed from the original manuscript 

1748] Hannah Logan 231 

2j«t (^i^t^^^y^ Read in D"" Jer: Taylor's^ 
imitation of Christ. Went to the Bank 
meeting, w*^*" was to me a very good one, 
being favored therein with a sense of the 
pure Love of God drawing my Soul to him 
in admiration of his tender & most mer- 
ciful dealings with me, and in praise and 
fervent thanksgiving to his high & holy 
name for all his mercies &c^ 

22'^ (2'' day) Was busy in the forenoon. 
In the afternoon I had the company of 
several relations. In the evening I rode 
to Stenton, and found the Old Gentleman 
very unwell with Rheumatic pains, and 
Jemmy continuing very weak &c^ How- 
ever, my Hannah being well I had her 
Endearing company till past lo o'clock in 
an affectionate & free Conversation, con- 
cluding as we generally do in a Religious 
Solid & Edifying manner. 

2jd ^^d (^ay^ f^a^^ a pretty deal of 
Conversation with Sarah Logan upon my 
affair, pressing to go to the next monthly 

•Jeremy Taylor, Bishop of Down and Connor, and of Dro- 

more, Ireland. 

232 Courtship of [6'^ mo. 

meeting, but found the present indis- 
position of the family & some other diffi- 
culties being in her way, and she being of 
opinion that every thing might be made 
easy by the next after, submitted to defer 
it till then. I also acquainted the Old 
Gentleman that I Expected to succeed &c% 
and had my dear friend's company till 
about 1 1 o'clock ; then Rode home. Had 
M. Yarnal, Coz. Mary Smith &c^ to dine, 
and M. Lightfoot &c'' to drink Tea with 

From 6*'' Mo. 24*\ 4*^ day, to 6*'^ Mo. 
2y^^, I was so busy that I did not keep 
my Journal regular. 

26'^' (6'^ day) Was at our mo: meeting. 
Nat' Parr pass'd the second time. 
I was appointed with E. Cathrall to pre- 
pare a Certificate to New Garden for John 
Hutton ^ & his wife & their son Thomas. 

'John Hutton, son of Thomas Hutton, of Killeagh, County 
Cavan, Ireland, came to Pennsylvania about 1724, and in that year 
married Sarah, daughter of Michael Lightfoot, of New Garden, 
Chester County. — Myers, Immigration of the Irish Quakers into 
Pennsylvania, 332, passim; Futhey and Cope, Hist. Chester Co , 
Pa., 609. 

1748] Hannah Logan 233 

We, with Jer^ Elfreth, were also appointed 
to Visit John Clifton and Endeavour to 
Convince him of the Evil of his ways 
or prepare a Testimony against 
him. There were in this meeting some 
unwarrantable heats, out of which the 
Lord preserved me, and kept my mind 
in its own proper Exercise. In the after- 
noon I wrote a letter to my dear friend 
Hannah Logan which I sent by her sister. 

27*'' (7"* day) Understanding in the 
morning that Jemmy Logan was worse, I 
rode to see him. Found him in a very low, 
weak condition, but I hope in a way of 
recovery. Came home to dinner, having 
Coz. Nanny & several other relations to 
dine with me, with whom I drank Tea 
at Callender's. 

^gth ^jst ^^y^ Rode in the morning to 
Burlington, and was at both of their meet- 
ings. In the first Uncle Large preach'd ; 
in the afternoon Jn° Sytres [?] & M. 
Lightfoot preach'd & Jacob Andrews 
pray'd. Visited several fr'^^ Found poor 
Jenny Large continues in a very distressed 

2 34 Courtship of [6"* mo. 

Scituation of mind, which exceedingly 
Affected me. 

29**" (2^^ day) Was at BurHngton 
Quarterly Meeting. Sarah Murfin & M. 
Lightfoot preach'd. Some debate was 
occasioned by an Irregular minute from 
Chesterfield mo: meeting, upon which I 
had something to say, that I hope had 
a little service. 

30"' (3'' day) After dinner several of 
us left Burlington, & when we got to 
Poquessin, the Company not caring to 
ride so fast as I inclined to, I left them & 
Crossing from Frankfort Got to Stenton 
about 7 o'clock. Found Jemmy a little 
better. Had my dear Hannah's company 
till 10 o'clock, and I sat up the remainder 
of the night with Jemmy. 

31'' (4^'' day) After sleeping about an 
hour & breakfasting at Stenton I returned 
home. My father Scc"^ came down to-day. 
Several of us dined & drank Tea at E. 
Cathrall's. Capt. Rankin came up to-day 
& brought us a Cargo of above One 
thousand pound Sterl" Value from Liver- 

1748] Hannah Logan 235 

pool. Heard that Conrad Matthew the 
Hermit died yesterday. 

Seventh month. 
I*' Was at meeting. . . . Nathan' 
Parr was married. I did not stay to sign 
the Certificate because 1 did not hear the 
young woman speak one word. Spent 
some time after meeting at Wm. Logan's. 

3*' Rose at 5 o'clock, and was very 
closely Employ 'd in business all day. In 
the Evening I rode to Stenton, found 
some of the family unwell, but was cheer- 
fully received by my dear Hannah, whose 
very Engaging & sweet Company I had 
till near 1 1 o'clock. 

4*^ Had some Conversation with the 
Old Gentleman, not very much to my 
satisfaction. He pretends to be sorry that 
he has given me Consent, though he had 
heretofore been so Explicit in declaring his 
approbation of my proposals, nor could I 
get him to give me any reasons for a 
change in his sentiments. I however 
comfort myself with a Consciousness of 
his Integrity, & make some allowance for 

236 Courtship of [7 


his Age & forgetfulness. Had some of 
his dear daughter's blessed Company, for 
whose sake I could endure any thing. 

Returned home about 1 1 o'clock. Soon 
after Capt. Lawson arrived from London, 
with whom came passengers, the widow 
Teal ^ & her daughter, who were recom- 
mended to me by Gov'" Belcher, & accord- 
ingly sent me a note advising thereof, 
upon which I went on board the ship & 
conducted them, with Capt. Jasson [?], 
another passenger, to my house. Had 
their company to dinner. Left them 
while I went to the afternoon meeting at 
the Bank. M. Yarnal preached, S. Morris 
pray'd & B. Trotter spoke. 

Waited upon the Gentlewomen to view 
the town, and their dress being a little 
peculiar, occasion'd them to be very much 
noticed. Found by our Letters that we 
have Goods to the amount of near J^iooo 
St^, which, with those we had before, will 
be more than we shall readily sell. 

1 The fiancee of Governor Belcher. 

1748] Hannah Logan 237 

5*^ Had Capt. Lawson to dinner with 
his passengers, who being principal Owner 
of the Ship, and a stranger here, desired 
us to Accept of the Care of his Palatines 
&c% which we consented to, and I waited 
upon Dr. Graeme^ and Dr. Bond to get to 
go on board to view the ship, but it raining 
too hard we deferred it till to-morrow. I 
yesterday sent a messenger to Acquaint 
Gov"" Belcher of the Lady's arrival, and 
this day received a Letter from him, 
acquainting me with his thanks for my 

1 Dr. Thomas Graeme (i 688-1 772 ), of a gentle Scotch family, 
was born at the family seat at Balgowan, in Perthshire, and came 
to Pennsylvania in 1717. He located in Philadelphia and became 

the chief physician 
there. He was 


of the Provincial 
Council in 1726, 
and a Justice of the Supreme Court in I 731. He was one of the 
physicians of the Pennsylvania Hospital, from i75itoi753. In 
1 719, he was married to Ann, daughter of Robert Diggs, and 
step-daughter of Sir William Keith, Baronet, then Governor of 
Pennsylvania. He succeeded to Governor Keith's estate of 
Graeme Park, near the present town of Hatborough, and lived 
there in great state. The old stone mansion at Graeme Park, 
built in 1 721, by Sir William Keith, is still preserved. — Keith, 
Councillors, 159; Buck MSS. 

238 Courtship of [?*' mo- 

care, &c% and that he intended to marry 
the Widow, &c'\ 

6"' At the Request of the Gentle- 
women I procured a boat & four Oars & 
waited upon them to Burhngton. The 
wind being fair up & having our sail 
we made our passage in 3 hours. The 
Governour received us very kindly, & 
appeared Exceedingly pleased with his 
Company. I stopt [to] see my father's 
family, & set off about one. Got home 
before dark, leaving my Guests with the 

y^^ Busy in selling Palatines ^ & other 
affairs, which in the Evening I willingly 
left for the sake of my dear Hannah's 
Company, w"'' I had at Stenton till 11 
o'clock in a f [ree]dom perfectly Engaging. 

10*'' In the Evening I rode to Stenton. 
Was taken at supper with a fit of the ague, 
which continued about an hour, & then 

1 The Palatines were German immigrants from the Palatinate in 
the Rhine Valley. Many of them were so poor that they had to 
sell themselves into temporary servitude to defray the expense of 
their passage to Pennsylvania. They were then called redemptioners. 

1748] Hannah Logan 239 

came on a very hot fever, which held me 
all night, 

11"' My fever continued all day, and 
I was very ill, but the careful nursing of 
my Good friend Sarah & my dear 
Hannah's company & kind Sympathy 
helped to make it tolerable. 

1 2*'' Sent Last night for Dr. Moore, & he 
came to-day & administered some powders 
to break the fever. Honest Marget Ellis 
happening here came in, preached & 
pray'd by my bedside, nobody being 
present but my dear Hannah. 

13"' I had a clear Intermission to-day, 
& this Evening took 6 doses of Bark. 
Was capable of a little conversation with 
my friends, and had their company in a 
very pleasant manner, and some of my 
dear Hannah's in a very solid Edifying 

14"' My fever returned to-day with 
great Violence. ... I received in it 
sundry marks of my Dear Hannah's 

240 Courtship of [7* 


j^th My fever Left me in the night. 
. . . Had a good deal of dear Hannah's 
precious Company, & think this illness 
has been a means of uniting us in a more 
near and Affectionate oneness than ever. 

18*'' Went down stairs to see the Old 
Gentleman, who received me freely & told 
me he was glad of my recovery, &c''. 
Had a good deal of Hannah's very 
Engaging Company. 

19*'' Taking an Affectionate leave of 
my very kind friends I returned home in 
the four wheel'd Chaise, accompanied by 
Jemmy Logan. Was a little tired with 
the ride. 

21'* Read in T[homas] Story's Jour- 
nal and H [enry] Fielding's Miscellanies. 

23*^ After dinner I rode up in my 
partner's Chaise to Stenton. Found 
Hannah had walked to Germantown. 
Sent the Chaise for her, & had her sweet 
Company till 1 1 o'clock, in most Engag- 
ing Conversation. 

24*^ I waited upon the Old Gentleman 
to request his Consent to our proposing 

1748] Hannah Logan 241 

our marriage to the next monthly meeting, 
but he told me he could not Consent yet, 
which disappointment flustered me a good 
deal, but as I could not get his reasons for 
it I was Obliged to be Content. Had i 
or 3 hours Endearing conversation with 
his daughter afterwards, which cheared 
and raised my spirits, that were before very 
Low. I carried up this time my Common- 
place book & left with her. Returned 
home to dinner. 

27*'' I spent some time with several 
fi-'^s at Wm. Logan's. Sarah took a walk 
with me into the Garden, & told me there 
that she found her husband had some 
reasons against our going to the next 
monthly meeting, but any time after he 
would be quite Easy, upon which I thanked 
her for her friendship, & told her I had 
much rather wait his time than give him 
any uneasiness, &c*. Drank Tea at W. 
Callender's, with the Wardells Sec". Spent 
some time in the Evening at L Pember- 
ton's with our worthy friends Grace Lloyd, 
Sophia Hume, &c% then went to W°' 


242 Courtship of [7*'' mo. 

Logan's, where I had some of my dear 
Hannah's precious Company in free and 
familiar Conversation. 

30"' A subscription being promoted 
for defraying the charges of printing our f '"^ 
Sophia Hume's books, friends came pretty 
readily into it. I subscribed ^2-10. . . . 

I rode in the Evening to Stenton. Was 
very much fatigued with the ride, but my 
dear Hannah's Company was so precious 
a Balsam that it seemed to restore strength 
to me, so that I sat up with her till past 
1 1 o'clock, and was then much livelier and 
better than I had been any time in the 
day. We Conversed together in as near 
& agreeable a manner, if not more so, 
than we ever did before, for the Encrease 
of which dear, Invaluable, & Inseparable 
Union, O God make me forever truly 
thankful ! 

I acknowledged my Obligations to J. 
Logan for his kind message by his wife, 
& he seemed to be in a sociable dispo- 

174^] Hannah Logan 243 

Eighth month. 

i'* Having had an hour's agreeable 
conversation with my Dear Hannah I 
returned home before noon. After dinner 
I went to the Election & gave in my Vote, 
then visited at Antho: Benezitt's, where 
were several agreeable friends. Robt 
Willan came home & spent the Even^ 
with me. Understood that the same 

Assembly men are [ ?] Except O. 

Peel in the room of T. Leech, the latter 
being intended to be put up for a Burgess. 
Wm. Callender was chose Commissioner. 

4*'' After dinner I rode to Stenton. 
Had my dear Hannah's Interesting Comp^ 
the Evening and till past lo o'clock. 

5*"" After some sweet Conversation 
with my Hannah the Old Gentleman 
called me to do some writing, telling me 
with a very pleasant air that if I did not 
my Spouse that was to be must. And I as 
pleasantly thanked him for the Expression 
and told him I would do it to save her 
the trouble. It took me about an hour. 
I then accompanied my Charmer & her 

244 Courtship of [8"' mo. 

mother down the Lane, & we parted at 
the Gate, they going to their meeting & 
I homeward. 

Called at Fairhill to Enquire how Isaac 
Norris is, he having been ill of a fever. 
His sister Debby acquainted me that he 
had mist his fit, but did not Invite me up 
to see him. 

9^'' ( i^* day) Rode to Stenton, & carried 
with me the good news of Mary Pember- 
ton's being this morning delivered of a son. 
Then waited upon the friends to German- 
town meeting, where Sally Morris preached 
choicely. Waited upon those friends back 
to Stenton, and dined & spent the after- 
noon agreeably with them, & the Evening 
till past lO in a most Delightful Scituation, 
being in the most free and Intimate Con- 
versation with my dear Hannah. I think 
Beneficent Heaven favours us when to- 
gether with a greater degree of sweetness 
and union than I could heretofore have 
thought possible to subsist. 

lo*'' After some time spent agreeably 
with my Jewel I returned home. 

Edward Shippen, Chief Justice 

1748] Hannah Logan 245 

13"' In the afternoon rode to Stenton, 
and had my Charmer's Company as usual 
in an Entirely Engaging & agreeable 

14*'* After some more of dear 
Hannah's sweet Company I returned 
home, and Employed the remainder of 
the day in business. 

ly*"* My partner and I Employed 
part of it [the day] in my Chamber in 
writing Letters to go "p Budden & 
Mesnard to London. 

iS**" In the afternoon rode to Stenton, 
and had there a very agreeable Evening. 

19*'' Had a good deal of my dear 
Hannah's precious Company. Returned 
home before noon, and J. Logan having 
sent a letter to E. Shippen junr.,^ who is 

1 Edward Shippen (i 729-1 806), Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, 
was a son of Edward Shippen, Mayor of Philadelphia and some- 
time merchant of Lancaster, by his wife, Sarah, nee Plumley. 
After studying law for some time with Tench Francis in Philadel- 
phia, he went to England in the autumn of 1748, and continued his 
legal studies at the Middle Temple, being duly admitted to practice 
as a barrister in I 750. He then returned to Philadelphia and was 
one of the Judges of the High Court of Errors and Appeals, in 

246 Courtship of P*' mo. 

going with Captain Budden, I waited upon 
him with it, and had an opportunity of 
taking leave of him. 

20*'' At meeting. The Shoemaker 
Lad pray'd. After dinner took M. 
Lightfoot out in the Chaise over the 
Commons. In the Evening visited poor 
Susy Dillwyn, and this being the first 
time I had seen her since the decease of 
her Valuable Husband, we were much 
affected together. 

22*^ In the Evening Jemmy Logan & 
I rode to Stenton. Found my Hannah 
not very well, but choice company till 
past 10 o'clock, being in a Serene sweet 
frame of mind. 

23*^ Spent some time afterward at L 
Pemberton's with my Dear Hannah, who 
came to town this Even^. Waited upon 

1784. In 1 79 1, he was raised to the Supreme Bench, and in 
1799, became Chief Justice, holding the position until 1805. He 
was married, in 1753, to Margaret, daughter of Tench Francis, 
the Attorney General. His daughter, the beautiful Margaret, or 
" '^ggy) ' Shippen, became the wife of Benedict Arnold. — Keith, 
Councillors, 54 fF. 

1748] Hannah Logan 247 

her to her brother's, where I also had 
some of her Company. 

2 •"' A large Company of us waited 
upon Sophia Hume & Jemmy Pemberton 
to Chester, the two Hannah Logans being 
in a Chaise. I took care to keep near 
them. They having an Inclination to go 
on board the Ship with the friends, I. P. 
junr, Wm. Logan, Esther White, Peggy 
Newbury & I with several others went 
with them. We stay'd 2 or 3 hours on 
board, drank Tea there, then taking an 
Affectionate Leave of frd. Hume and 
dear Jemmy & Capt Mesnard we returned 
on shore. 

I spent an hour in the Even^' at Jos: 
Parker's^ with Peter Dicks,^ Jn° Pennill & 

'Joseph Parker ( -1766 ), a native of Yorkshire, England, 

came over to Pennsylvania early in the eighteenth century and 
settled at Chester, serving for a time as secretary to David Lloyd. 
He acquired a fortune and held several important offices in the 
Province. His wife was Mary Ladd, daughter of John Ladd, of 
New Jersey. His daughter Mary married Charles Norris, and was 
the mother of Deborah Norris, who married Dr. George Logan, 
of Stenton, grandson of James Logan. — Penn-Logan Corres. 
I., xlii. 

2 Peter Dicks ( -1760), a Quaker minister, son of Peter 

Dicks, an emigrant from Cheshire, England, about 1686. He 

248 Hannah Logan [8"' mo. 

Capt. Lawson, in which time we disputed 
a great deal, but Peter being the security 
that John had proposed & we had accepted 
he refused to sign the Articles, so that the 
agreement was in my opinion thereby 
made void, and the Captain concluded to 
bring the Ship up again. Then I went 
to Grace Lloyd's & supped with the good 
woman. Wrote there one letter to Elias 
Bland & another to Jane Hoskins w*''' 
I. P. junr. undertook to send on board. 
Wm. Logan & I lodged at Mather's to 
night together. 

■25"' Most of the Company returning 
yester-night, the women & several of us 
returned to-day. Called at Derby ; waited 
upon the women to visit Rebekah Min- 
shall as was, — now Harvey; got home 
about 2 o'clock. 

was a resident of Providence Township, now Delaware County, 
and later in life became interested in iron-works. — Futhey and Cope, 
Hist. Chester Co., 523. 

Chapter III 

Eighth month, 1248. 

25'*" In the Even^ waited upon my 
Hannah to Stenton. Proposed to her 
mother our going to the Mo: Meeting 
next 6th-day, and she readily agreed to it. 
I had my dear Hannah's company till 
past 10 o'clock, and we fully agreed upon 
the above affair. 

26*** Talked upon the foregoing sub- 
ject with the Old Gentleman, and found 
he understood and Assented to it. Then 
took an hour or two's very agreeable Con- 
versation with my dearest Jewel. Returned 
home before noon. Sent a Lad in the 
afternoon to Burlington with letters to my 
father & sister to acquaint them of our 
having come to the aforesaid Conclusion 
& to desire their Company. In the 
afternoon I waited for the same occasion 

250 Courtship of [^ 


upon Sally Morris, Joyce Benezitt, Wm. 
Logan & wife &c'''. 

27* My father & sister came to town 
in the afternoon. In the Even^ I rode to 
Stenton. Found the Old Gentleman not 
very well, but he told me he hoped his 
indisposition would not prevent or hinder 
our proceedings. Had my dear Hannah's 
Company the Evening. 

28"' James Logan being pretty well 
recovered we set out about 9 — viz. Sarah 
& Hannah in the Chaise & I on horse 
back. James gave me his consent in 
writing to the Mo: Meeting & my father 
& S. Logan gave theirs verbally. We 
got to town about 10. They went directly 
to meeting ; I changed my Cloathes, & 
put on a new suit of hair Camblet,^ then 
with my father & partner went also. The 
meeting was but small, & I thought a 

^ Camblet, or camlet, a rich stuff used for dress as early as the 
thirteenth century, and made of hair, especially that of goats, with 
silk or wool, presenting a veined or wavy appearance. Pepys, in 
his Diary under date of June I, 1664, writes that he put on a 
" new camelott suit, the best I ever wore in my life, the suit cost- 
ing me above ^24.' 

174^] Hannah Logan 251 

good one. M. Emlen 6c H. Hulford 
preached & Sus'' Morris had a sweet prayer. 
In passing we were preserved in a good 
degree of Calmness ; some friends thought 
I spoke too loud, but every body agreed 
that Hannah spoke as well as could be. 
J. Benezitt & Sally Morris accompanied 
us from the women, and M. Lightfoot & 
A. Benezitt were appointed to Enquire 
Concerning me &c^. One John Moore 
with a daughter of Paul Chanders^ passed 
after us. During the sitting of the meet- 
ing upon business the Queries were read 
and some good advice occasioned thereby. 
I found myself under some Concern to 
speak about friends differing with each 
other, and A. Benezitt being under the 
life & speaking his mind, it was like a 
door to me, and I had an opportunity of 
fully clearing my mind. Being clear of 
aiming at any particular person I was the 

1 A certificate for Paul Chanders and family from Hartshaw 
Monthly Meeting, Lancashire, England, issued 7 mo. 19, 1738, 
was received at Philadelphia Monthly Meeting of Friends. In 
1744, he was living at the upper end of Second Street. — Myers, 
Quaker Arrivals at Philadelphia, 1683-1750, p. 106 ; Penna. 
Gaz., Oct. 18, 1744. 

252 Courtship of [9**" nio. 

closer upon some that were there, to the 
satisfaction of well Concerned friends, as 
I afterwards understood. My father & 
many more of us dined & supped at Wm. 
Logan's where we were very handsomely 

29"' Sarah Logan having returned 
home yesterday, I waited upon my dear 
Charmer & her sister to-day. We dined 
at Stenton, & having her dear Company 
in the afternoon, I returned home in the 

30"' Waited upon my father & sister 
to Stenton, from whence we went to Ger- 
mantown meeting, which was silent, and I 
thought a good one. Dined & spent 
the afternoon at Stenton, and were treated 
in a very Courteous & Elegant manner. 
Returned home & went to the Even*^ 
meeting. Thos. Brown preach'd. 

Ninth mo?ith. 

4'*" In the Even^ rode to Stenton, & 

had my Jewel's Company till past lo 

o'clock. I had wrote her a letter since I 

saw her last, w''*' she took very kindly. 

fin f / //'■/>- -^ "• ^■ 

.'/.)<.Vf,u''(V (/■,/<o/,.v,« y^(7 //^<-'>' ^.s ''-■A).! /f''/ //,:.: rr^^ //< 
\Qfcdl aa^ /,.,*vPu- //^^a.^/^^ <s f^.(<.^C<, cast Lud . o/J a- 

Letter of John Smith to Hannah Logan 

Photographed from the original inanuscript 

1748] Hannah Logan 253 


Philada, 9th mo: 3d, 1748, 
My Jewel 

I am deprived of the pleasure of waiting upon 

thee home this Evening by the pain thou saw me in, 

which I assure thee is no small mortification to me, as 

thy Company is the greatest Temporal delight I have. 

• John Smith. 

9'** Heard as soon as I rose of a sad 
accident that had befallen John Kinsey 
jun'', being yester Evening, returning from 
Gunning. As they were Crossing the 
ferry at Geo: Gray jun"", his Gun went 
accidentally off, & shot him in the head 
so that he died Instantly. 

11"* Reading Anson's Voyage.^ 

13"' I wrote a letter to my dear 
Hannah, & sent it by my old Servant 
Thomas Smith — who is returned to my 
service again as a Cook at £20 An". 

19"' In the afternoon I drove Joyce 
Benezitt in a Chaise to Stenton. Found 

' George, Baron Anson, A Voyage round the World in the year 
MDCCXL., L, n., in., IV., by G. Anson. 7th ed. Dublin, 

1^48. — [Brit. .Mus. Cat.] 

2 54 Courtship of [9* 


my dear Hannah very poorly, with a great 
Cold, and as she was to sleep with Joyce, 
I had none of her Company alone. 

20*'' Hannah much better, at which I 
was very much rejoiced. Waited upon my 
Good friends to Germantown meeting, 
which I thought a Solid Good time, though 
I was very unwell the forepart of it, 
occasioned by the Stove. Joyce & Thomas 
Wood preach'd, & Thomas pray'd &c''. 
We had a pretty large Company to dine 
together, being from town : Anthony 
Benezitt & his wife, Dr. Robt. Willan, 
Edw*^ Shippen, Rachel & Johny Pember- 
ton, Wm. Logan's wife. Jemmy & myself. 
All the Company returned in the Evening 
Except myself. I stayed & had my dear 
friend's company alone most of the Even- 
ing, to my great satisfaction. 

2i«' Waited upon my friends Sarah & 
Hannah to town, and Coz. Robt. Smith 
to dine with me. 

22** (4*'' day) A very pleasant day. 
I rode in the morning to Burlington, and 
the weather was so moderate that I wore 

Governor fames Hamilton 

174^] Hannah Logan 255 

no great Coat. When I got to my father's 
house I found Governour Belcher's Spouse 
& daughter-in-Law, my bro. Sam' & his 
wife &c" just setting down to dinner. 
I dined, & spent the afternoon with them. 
In the Even^ my brother & I waited upon 
them home. The Gov"" & my father were 
at Amboy attending the Sessions. Was 
about 10 o'clock alarmed with the Cry of 
fire, which proved to be a Cooper's shop 
at Bristol that was burnt down. 

23'* Dined at my bro. Samuel; returned 
home having my sister with me. Found 
that Capt. Cowie arrived to-day from 
London, having our Governour James 
Hamilton ^ with him. 

^James Hamilton (c. 1710-1783), Governor of Pennsylvania 
and Mayor of Philadelphia, was a son of the lawyer, Andrew 
Hamilton. In 1734 and several succeeding years he was elected 

to the Assem- 
bly from Lan- 
caster County. 
In 1 741 he 
was made 
Alderman of 

Philadelphia, in 1745 Mayor, and in 1746 Provincial Councillor. 
After some time in England he returned in November, 1748, as 
Lieutenant-Governor, serving until 1754. He was reappointed in 
1759, holding the office until 1763. He inherited a large fortune 

256 Courtship of [9''' mo. 

24'^ I wrote a letter in the morning to 
Sarah Logan to desire their opinion whether 
I should call at fairhill and Invite Isaac 
Norris to give us his Company to-morrow, 
and I received in answer to it a note from 
my dear Hannah acquainting me that both 
her father & mother were of opinion I 
need not. 

26'^ Waited upon my best friend & her 
mother to town. Came home & dressed, 
then with my bro. Samuel went to our 
monthly meeting. M. Emlen preached 
& B. Trotter pray*^. I had been hurried 
in preparing to get to meeting in time, so 
that my mind was not in so suitable a 
frame as I could have wished it ; however, 
I was favoured with a degree of Calmness, 
and we both spoke distinctly and Intelli- 
gibly, having our Eye to God & Trust in 
him, though poor and low in mind. 
Several agreeable friends dined, spent the 

from his father, and resided at Bush Hill, his late father's seat, 
north of Vine Street, in the style of a country gentleman. He 
took a prominent part in the founding of many of the institutions 
of the city, giving handsome donations to them. He left no issue. 
— Keith, Councillors, 130 ff. 

1748] Hannah Logan 257 

Evening, and supped with us at Wm. 
Logan's, where we were verv handsomely 
& generously Entertained. 

26*'' Busy most of the morning in 
Endeavouring to get John Pennill & Capt. 
Lawson to leave the difference between 
them to Arbitration, ... In the after- 
noon 1 took Wm. Logan's wife & son in 
my new Chaise, & Sally Morris & my 
charmer went in Billy's, to Stenton. Robt. 
Willan was also with us on horse back. 
I found, upon Conversing with James 
Logan, that John Pennill had been up with 
him yesterday to acquaint him with the 
difference between Capt. Lawson & him, 
which put me upon the necessity of 
Relating the whole affair to him. 

27**" John Pennill came this morning 
to Stenton again, and James heard us 
both, tho' not with that Impartiality that 
I thought I had reason to Expect, having 
a prepossession in John's favour, which 
made it difficult for him to see the real 
state of the Case. However, I bore it with 
patience. Waited upon my friends to 

258 Courtship of [9'' mo. 

meeting. Sarah Morris pray'd & preach'd. 
After dinner, John Pennill having left 
some ill Impressions upon the Old Gentle- 
man's mind, I had some more of the 
roughness of his Temper to bear with, 
under which I was also help'd to be 
patient, and took some pains to Convince 
him of my innocence in the affair, being 
clear in my Judgment that I had advised 
in it from no motives but a Regard to 
Justice. Came home time Enough to 
Evening meeting. Mich. Lightfoot 
preach'd & Esther White pray'd. Went 
after meeting to acquaint Eliza Morris 
that her daughter designed to stay at 
Stenton a day or two. 

28*^ My partner took Jn° Parrock & 
Capt. Dowers down to survey Fennel's 
Timber, who returned in the Evening and 
reported that he had not provided one 
half of the quantity, & most of that w'^'' 
was provided but in poor order, so that 
instead of 200, they believe there is not 
above 30 Ton in Merchantable order to 
ship &c*. 

^748] Hannah Logan 259 

29*^ In the Even^ waited upon my 
dear Hannah home, & had some of her 
precious company. The Old Gentleman 
was fully satisfied of John Pennal's 
falshood, upon my reading Parrock & 
Dower's report &c% and we fully Con- 
cluded upon next fourth day — /. e. to 
morrow come week — to have our marriage 

30"' After some more Conversation 
with my dear Hannah & her father I 
returned home. Waited upon Sarah 
Logan at her son's, and upon Rich"^ Peters 
with a letter from J. Logan. 

Tenth month. 

2^ Rode in my Chaise in the afternoon 
to Stenton. Wm. Logan returned there 
this Evening, having been in Hunterdon, 
&C''. I had an Opportunity of some 
Endearing Conversation with my Hannah, 
in which the dear prospect of our happy 
union was not forgot. 

5"* In the morning went to fair hill to 
Invite Isaac Norris to our wedding, but 
could not obtain any opportunity to speak 

2 6o Courtship of [io"^mo. 

to him, though he was at home & I sent 

3 times to ask that favour. I then left a 
message in as respectful a manner as I 
knew how, inviting him, his sister Bethy 
& children to the wedding, & Came home. 
Met with Sarah Logan at William's, and 
upon my telling her of the above treat- 
ment she was much affected. Invited our 
other friends that we Expect to have. 

6"' After the necessary preparations I 
set out on horse back for Stenton, having 
Sally Morris & Joyce Benezitt in my 
Chaise. Found Rachel Pemberton &c'' 
there, and had an agreeable Evening, 
Except the pain that the prospect of not 
having my father with us to-morrow 

[ ?], my brothers Samuel & Richard 

being come to Philad% & not having heard 
why he did not come. I was at meeting. 
To-day at lo Jn" Moore was married. 

7*'' Had all the Comp^ that we 
Expected, Except Isa: Norris, &c*. Several 
that were not Invited were so Complaisant 
as to come from town upon this occasion, as 
my partner, Edw*^ Catteral, Capt's Dowers 

M;irriaa:e Record of |olin Smitli and Hannah I-osaii, 174S 

1748] Hannah Logan 261 

& Goodman, Isa: Brown, Judah Foulk, 
Sam' Noble, John Smith jun'" ^cd". The 
meeting was pretty full, and a solid good 
time. I felt in it a degree of the heart- 
tendring Love of God, which was a 
strength & Comfort. Sarah Morris & 
M. Lightfoot preach'd, & J. Benezitt 
pray'd ; then we solemnized our marriage 
in an awful and Intelligible manner. Had 
our friends' Company, & the Entertain- 
ment for them was very agreeable. 

S**" A very pleasant day. Several of 
our agreeable friends staid at Stenton all 
night, and to-day we had theirs and the 
Company of several other fr''' from town. 
Spent the day to general satisfaction. 

9"" Rode with my sister to town. 
Rec'd the Complements of Several of my 
acquaintance. Went back in the after- 
noon. In the Even^ I had a Chilly fit, & 
after it a hot fever which held me most of 
the night. 

10*'' Read 2 manuscript Treatises on 
the Passions, of Father Logan's writing, 
& some letters w*"*" passed between him & 

262 Hannah Logan [1748 

Isa Norris Sen'', w*^'' proved to me that 
Pride was too much that otherwise Good 
man's weak side. 

jjth Went to meeting, w*"** gathered 
late on acct. of the burial of the woman 
that had been second wife to our very 
Eminent friend John Cadwallader. . . . 
We had several to visit us at Stenton, viz. 
Rich^ Peters, E. Shippen,^ B. Franklin, 
Dr. Moore & Robert Willan. 

[That part of the Diary covering the period from lo mo. II, 
1748, to loth mo. 21, 1749, '5 missing.] 

1 Edward Shippen (i 703-1 781), Mayor of Philadelphia, 
and merchant of Lancaster, Pennsylvania; of the distinguished 
Philadelphia family of that name. He was a native of Boston. 
He was a son of Joseph Shippen (1679- 
1741), of Boston and Germantown, by 
his wife Abigail Grosse, of Boston, and a 
grandson of Edward Shippen( 1 639-1712), 
a wealthy merchant. Mayor of Philadel- 
phia, and President of the Provincial 
Council of Pennsylvania, who emigrated 
from Yorkshire to Boston in 1668, and 
from Boston to Philadelphia in 1693, by his wife Elizabeth Lybrand, 
a Boston Friend. Edward Shippen was brought up by James Logan, 
being in business with him as Logan and Shippen in 1732 ; after- 
wards with Thomas Lawrence, in I 749, as Shippen and Lawrence, 
in the fur trade. Besides being Mayor he was a Judge of the 
County Court. In 1 732 he removed to Lancaster, where he resided 
until his death. — Keith, Councillors, 46 ff. 

Edward Shippen (1639-1712) 
Mayor of Philadelphia 

Chapter IV 

Tenth month, 174Q. 
2j6t ^^th jj^yj ^ Clear & very sharp 
day, the wind being very high. Was at 
meeting. John Forman pray'd & preach'd. 
Dined at Bro"" W"" Logan's. In the after- 
noon Bro"" W. L., I. Greenleafe & I visited 
Joshua Crosby, who is indisposed with a 
pleuritick disorder. We drank Tea with 
Jn° Bringhurst & his wife. Then we 
called at the Tavern where the Owners of 
Lamps were met to consult on methods 
for the better Lighting them. We signed 
an agreement with a man each of us to 
pay him 3 /9 "^ month for Lighting them 
every night for a month. Read to-day in 
Law's ^ answer to Hoadley.^ 

1 William Law. 

Bishop of Bangor. 

264 Courtship of [10"' mo. 

23*^ Read through the 5th Voh of the 
Jewish Spy. Sent to the Library the 3d 
Voh of Bayle & Got out the 4th. 

24*'' My wife & I were at the Bank 
meeting in the morning. Wm. Brown 
preach'd. Sam' Pennoclc, his wife & Son, 
with Sally Morris, dined with us. Was 
in the afternoon at the Bank. Sam' 
Pennock & Jn"* White spoke. Thos. 
Lightfoot & J. L. drank Tea with us, & 
they & several neighbours spent the Eve- 
ning with us. 

^^th ^^d ^^y^ Copied several para- 
graphs from the 5th Vol: of the Jewish 
Spy into my Commonplace book. After 
dinner visited at Uncle Pemberton's, & 
drank Tea there with many others. From 
thence Visited at Jn" Morris's, & Antho: 
Benezitt & my spouse & I suped at W. 
Callender's. When I came home found 
there an Invitation from the Governor to 
dine with him to-morrow. 

26^'' (3'' day) Mother Logan came to 
town in the morning, and we were at 
meeting, Isaac Andrews, B. Trotter, & 

loseph Shippen (1679-1741) 
of Germantown 

1749] Hannah Logan 265 

E. Pennock preach'd & Joyce Benezitt 
pray'd. I dined with the Governour. 
The rest of the Compan^ were Wm, Allen, 
R'^ Peters, Coz. Is', Jemmy & Johny 
Pemberton, & Bro"" W. Logan. We were 
very Civilly & handsomely Entertained. 
Several fr'"' drank Tea & spent the Eve- 
ning with us. Mother Lodged at our 

28*" (5'" day) A Clear, pleasant day. 
Was at meeting. B. Trotter & E. Pen- 
nock preach'd, and M. Wain jun"" pray'd. 
Called after meeting at Jn° Armitt's & 
Uncle Pemberton's. After dinner John 
Armitt & I rode to Skuylkill & tryed a 
little at Skeeting. We called in our way 
at James Alexander, the Proprietor's 
Gardiner's. He shewed us several objects 
magnified thro' his Solar Microscope, & 
his system of the heavens in wheels. 
Having little knowledge in Astronomy I 
could not Enter into the latter ; the former 
magnified yy*' of an Inch to 4 feet. In 
this little ride J. Armitt took a pretty deal 
of pains to persuade me to Qiialify in 
order to act as a [ustice. 

2 66 Courtship of [n^'mo. 

29"' ^^th ^^y^ Wrote a Certificate for 
James Arbucle, & carried to the monthly 
meeting. . . . Business was done with- 
out much Jarring. 

^jst ^jst ^^yj ^^g ^^ (.j^g Bank meet- 
ing in the morning. . . . EHz'' Morris 
dined with us. After dinner I rode to 
Stenton. Rob* Willan being there we 
rode home together. I was at Evening 
meeting, & sat in the boys' Gallery. 

Eleventh month. 

1^ (3^ day) Was at meeting. 
Mother Logan & Joyce Benezit dined 
with us. Several friends visited us in the 
afternoon. Sally Morris, E. Catheral, Bro'' 
Sam^ & his wife spent the Evening with us. 

^th i^^th ^^yj Went to Isr^ Pemberton 
jun""* after meeting, & discoursed with him 
about Copying the monthly meeting min- 
utes.^ He was mightily pleased with my 
thoughts of undertaking that service. My 
wife & I dined at Bro'" Samuel's. After 

^ The minutes of Philadelphia Monthly Meeting, now in the 
vault of the Meeting House, at Fourth and Arch Streets, are neatly 
copied in John Smith's handwriting. 

Colonel losepli Shippeii, Son of Edward Ship])en, of Lancaster 

1 749] Hannah Logan 267 

dinner I sent for Holland the book 

binder & ord'^ some paper for him to bind 
for the above service, also some pamphlets 
to be bound. Read Bayle in the Even^. 

9*'^ {3" day) About 2 o'Clock in the 
night past we were surprized with the 
Light of a great fire, which proved to be 
Preserve Brown's Brew house &c^ The 
Roof was fell in by the time I got there, 
& very little good to be done. 
The Snow Storm continued to-day. I 
waded thro it to the meeting, w^^ was silent. 
We were 21 men & 2 women. 

jQth ^^th ^^y^ -^g discovered that our 
maid Ann had been married near two 
months without our knowledge, or the 
least suspicion of it. I drank Tea in the 
afternoon at E. Cathral's with Sally Morris 
&c% and spent part of the Even^ at W. 
Callender's with Michael Lightfoot and 
Owen Evans discoursing about a petition 
to the assembly to set forth the grievance 
the province Labours under in the great 
number of Taverns &c*. 

jQth ^^th j^y^ Father & my spouse 

268 Courtship of [n^'mo. 

rode with Bro. W™ in his Slay to Stenton, 
& returned in the Evening. I drank Tea 
at Antho: Benezit's with M. Lightfoot. 

j^th ^^th j^y^ Began to Copy the 
monthly meeting minutes. My wife & I 
drank Coffee at E. Cathral's. Edward, 
with my father & Antho: Benezitt, spent 
the Even^ with us. 

13"' (7"' day) We had a pretty deal 
of Comp^ in the afternoon & Even^. We 
agreed on a Subscription for Young Pre- 
serve Brown. Uncle Isr' Pemberton 
subscribed £30, and his son Israel X^5» 
and I agreed to go about with it. 

15*'' (2"^ day) A very pleasant day. 
Employed the forenoon diligently in 
going about with the subscription paper 
for Pre: Brown jun"". I met with some 
very free to give, & others very skillful in 
distinctions to Excuse themselves. Sam' 
Powel ^ displeased me more than anybody 

1 Samuel Powell ( 1705-1759), son of Samuel and Abigail 
Powell, was a wealthy merchant of the city. He became a Com- 

^749] Hannah Logan 269 

else, because with an Estate worth I sup- 
pose ^40,000 he Insisted upon it that his 
Circumstances would permit him to do 
but very little &c*. 

16^^ {f day) Sally Morris's Birth day, 
being her 46th year. 

j^th ^^th ^^y.-^ Subscriptions for P. B. 
besides the two Pembertons mentioned 



John Kinsey 


Saml Parr 20 

Wm. Attwood 


Joshua Crosby 20 

John Smith 


Wm. Callender 5 

James Parrock ^ 


John Reynell 5 

James Pemberton 


Wm. Logan 5 

Thos Lightfoot 


Mich' James i 

Sam' Mickle 


Caspar Wister 5 

John Pole 


Edw'* Warner 2 

Jos: Richardson 


Antho: Morris jun'' 5 

Joseph King 


Lloyd Zachary 5 

Thos Burgess 


Saml Powel 3 

Antho: Morris 


Thos Lloyd 2 

Abel James 


Edwd Cathral 5 

John Luke 

2 10 

Isa: Greenleafe 2 

I 76 

Saml Preston Moore 3 

mon Councilman in I 730, and Alderman in 1 743. He married 
Mary Morris, daughter of Anthony and Phoebe ( Guest) Morris, 
in 1732. — Moon, Morris Family, 271 ff. 

iJames Parrock ( 1675-1 751 ), a Quaker shipwright. — See 
Myers, Immigration of the Irish Quakers, 386 ; Clement, New- 
town, N. J. (MS. note in copy. Hist. Soc. Pa. ) 

270 Courtship of [n^^'mo. 

which, with the two Pembertons, makes 

I Employed the afternoon in Copying 
the Monthly Meeting Minutes. Wm. 
Callender, Jn" Armatt &c* spent the 
Even^ with me, and took a great deal of 
pains to remove my Objections to Qualify 
as a Justice, and to persuade me to under- 
take that office. The River drove to-day. 

jgth ^^th j^^y^ J dined with the Gov- 
ernour at Bro'' W™ Logan's. The rest of 
the company were Jn° Kinsey, Wm Allen, 
Rich*^ Peters, Isr' Pemberton jun'' & Bro"" 
Jemmy. Spent some time after at Antho: 
Benezitt's with my spouse & several other 
friends. Coz. Isr' was kind enough to 
send his Chaise home with us. 

20"' (7''' day) My birthday, being now 
27 years of age. ... I drank Coffee 
to-day at E. Cathral's. 

21'' (7*'' day) Was in the morning at 
the Bank meeting. ... I rode up to 
Stenton & dined there with Edw*^ Shippen 
&c\ Waited upon Sally Morris & my 

1749] Hannah Logan 271 

wife home in the Eveii^, I employed the 
Even^ in Copying minutes. 

22'* We drank Coffee at Bro"" Samuel's. 

23*^ (3*^ day) Uncle & Aunt, w*'' Johnny 
Pemberton, Bro"" W. Logan & his wife 
dined with us. Wm. Fisher sup'd & 
Spent the Evening with us, being upon 
business with John Luke. 

25"' (5*'' day) Took my wife in the 
Chaise to meeting. B. Trotter preach'd, 
& some Good women thought he did it 
well. We dined at Bro"" W. Logan's with 
Mother, Sally Morris &c^ Afterwards 
visited at Jn° Armitt's, M. Lightfoot's & 
M. Yarnal's, & spent the Evening at our 
fire Company. 

26"^ (6"' day) Mother Logan lodged 
with us last night. Attended our monthly 
meeting. Wm. Brown preach'd, then the 
Queries were read before the men & 
women parted, upon which some good 
observations were made. I said some- 
thing upon that relating to Ending differ- 
ences, wherein I remarked that it might 
be possible for some families to be under 

272 Courtship of [n^'^mo. 

the reproach of having differences with 
some alHed to them, when they were 
innocent of having given any Even the 
least Occasion &c''. I did not know when 
I spoke of any of the Norris family 
being there, but afterwards understood 
Betty was. 

Our business was some of it difficult, 
and we had abundantly too much heat 
and haranguing. I did not meddle 
much with it, but once spoke a little ill- 
natured, which I was uneasy for, thinking 
nothing but Love and meekness ought to 
preside in assemblies for Religious services. 
Jn° Fisher & I were appointed 
to Confer with Anthony Benezitt about a 
Lot which he hath a mind to take of the 
meeting upon Ground Rent. 

^^th ^yth Jay) I sent to the Library 
the 5*^ Vol: of Bayle, & got out Dialogues 
on Education. 

29"" In the morning was working an 
Index of names to the Monthly Meeting 
Minutes. Mary Holcomb dined with us. 

30'^ In the afternoon Jn° Luke & I 

1749] Hannah Logan 273 

rode to my plantation at Point. I agreed 
with White, Massey's Tennant, for a year's 
rent of it to begin the first of March for 
^26, and he is to Clean the meadows of 
all Elders &c'', & neither to let creatures 
go into the orchard or meadows. 

Twelfth month. 

jBt ^^th ^^y^ jj^ j.j^g morning went 
down town about business & paid several 
visits. My father, M. Lightfoot, Uncle 
Pemberton, I. Greenleafe, J. Luke & 
Mary Holcomb dined with us. Abr"* 
Farrington came down this afternoon, & 
we had his & other frd® Comp^' the Even^. 

5"' Isaac Norris acquainted the meet- 
ing that he intended for Europe soon, and 
desired Friends' to think of another Clerk 

7*'' To Derby. . . . We dined at 
Sam' Bunting's. 

gth ^^tb ^^y^ J ^QQJ^ ^y gpQygg j,-, fj^g 

Chaise to Meeting. M. Holland & M. 
Lightfoot preach'd & Joyce Benezitt 
pray'd. We dined at Bro' Wm. Logan's, 

& drank Tea at Jn° Armitt's, where we 


2 74 Courtship of [i^^'^mo. 

were entertained with a view thro' his 
Glass of many fine prospects. Then met 
the other friends appointed about the Lot 
at Antho: Benezitt's. 

9*"' (6*^ day) After dinner I rode to 
Stenton. Before I set out Wm. Logan 
had advised me to go through Masters' 
plantation to avoid some Excessive bad 
road, and told me I should find a pannel 
of fence down at the other End, but 
upon Tryal I was mistaken, for after get- 
ting to the other End I not only found 
no fence down, but was obliged to come 
back all the way to the gate to get out of 
the field again, with the Dutch Tenant 
scolding at my heels, to whom I returned 
a great deal of mildness and good nature. 
Found all well at Stenton, and returned 
home in the Even^. Sally Morris and 
her mother spent the Even^ with us. 

13"' (3*^ d^y) Two Dutchmen, mem- 
bers of the Dutch Calvinist Congregation 
(one of each party), came to desire me to 
be an Arbitrator between the minister & 
part of his Congregation, who being dis- 

1749] Hannah Logan 275 

affected to him had chose another &c*. 
They had quarrelled very much about it, 
and the magistrates had taken the keys of 
the building and persuaded both sides to 
agree to an Arbitration, and they chose 
Capt. Clymer, Th: Lloyd, Jn° Mifflin,^ 
Hugh Roberts, A. James & myself. I 
was fearful of agreeing to it, least the 
point we were to settle might be which of 
these men should be their minister — and 
that I thought Friends could not meddle 
with; but they assuring me that it was only 
whether Slater was guilty of some immoral 
charges against him or not, I consented to 
meet, and as I was the first named, and 
they desired me to appoint a time of 
meeting, I proposed next day after to- 
morrow Evening at James's Coffee house, 
j^th ^^th ^^y^ Went after meeting to 
John Armitt's and viewed some of his 
prospects. Was in the afternoon at the 
burial of Mary Griffitts, & followed as a 

1 John Mifflin (i 714-1759), a prominent merchant of the 
city, became a Common Councilman in 1747, an Alderman in 
1 75 1, and a Provincial Councillor in 1755. — Keith, Councillors, 

276 Courtship of [12*^ mo. 

relation, and she being buried from her 
son Isaac's, we had a pretty deal of Com- 
pany at our house. 

In the Even^ we met at James's Coffee 
house, & Slater with a pretty many Dutch- 
men — the Complainers or those having 
their charges against him ready. We 
agreed to meet again next third-day morn- 
ing at 9 o'clock. 

j^th ^^th ^^y^ |-^^. Burlington] There 
was last Evening an Extraordinary appear- 
ance of the Aurora Borealis, which moved 
from N. E. to N. W. & back again. It 
seemed to have streaks of Light issuing 
to a considerable distance from the redness. 

I 8'*' (i''' day) Father was better. The 
Governour came to father's before meeting, 
and went with us to meeting which was 
silent. Bro"" Sammy, Jemmy Logan & I 
dined at brother William's. 

20"' The arbitrator & People con- 
cerned met at James's Coffee house about 
10 o'clock, and we agreed about the form 
of the bonds &c% & appointed to meet 
again at 4 o'clock this afternoon. M. 

1749] Hannah Logan 277 

Lightfoot dined with us. 1 met the 
arbitrators at the time appointed, and we 
sat together till about lo o'clock. Both 
parties sign'd the Bonds, and the answers 
Delivered in their charge against M. 
Slater, consisting of 8 Articles, Scc^. We 
agreed to meet to-morrow at 2 o'clock 
P.M. Heard to-day of the death of 
worthy Elizabeth Wyatt. 

21'' (4*'' day) In the afternoon we met 
again at James's Coffee house, & heard 
Evidences till near 10 o'clock. Agreed to 
meet again at 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 

22*^ We were busy upon the above 
arbitration, in Examining Evidences &c'\ 
from the time we met in the morning till 
9 o'clock at night. 

23*^ I met in the Even^ the rest of the 
Arbitrators at Tho: Lloyd's, who had 
invited M [ichael] Slater to spend an hour 
or two with us. 

25^'' I read to-day the 2 Volumes of 
Fitzosborne's letters.^ 

* William Melmoth, the Younger, "Letters on Several Subjects," 
first published in 1742, under the pseudonym of Sir Thomas Fitz- 
osborn.— Diet. Nat. Bio., XXXVII., 225. 

278 Courtship of [I'^mo. 

26*'^ Employed the Evening at the 
Coffee-house with the rest of the arbitrators. 

27"' {f day) Visited EHz'^ Pennock, 
M. Slater, Hannah Cooper (who came 
over last Evening to her new dwelling) & 
I. Pemberton jun"". I met the Arbitrators 
at the Coffee-house between 3 & 4 
o'clock, & we were together 2 or 3 hours. 
When I came home, I began an Essay of 
the reasons for the award which we intend 
to give. 

28*^ Went up in the Schooner to 

First month, ly^O. 

J St ^^th j^^y^ ^^ ^i^g Coffee-house upon 
our very troublesome Arbitration. 

2*^ (6"' day) Wrote all the forenoon 
upon our Reasons for the Award we 
intended to give. We met at the Coffee- 
house at 2 o'clock, & sat till near 10 at 
night. I drew an award which J. Mifflin 
took to Tench Francis^ to get strengthened, 

'Tench Francis ( -1758), son of Rev. John Francis, 

Dean of Lismore and Rector of St. Mary's Church, Ireland, 
emigrated to Maryland about 1 700. He had received a legal 

Tench Francis 

175°] Hannah Logan 279 

that if possible it might not be broke 

6*'' After dinner I met the rest of the 
Arbitrators at the Coffee-house, & we 
signed & dehver'd our awards to both 

7*^ The Governour having yesterday 
sent me an Invitation, 1 waited upon him 
to Stenton with Rich'^ Peters & Bro'' 
Jemmy Logan. We dined there, & the 
Gov'", Jemmy & I returned to town thro' 
the Snow. 

9"' (6*^ day) Agreed with Wm. Mau- 
dridge ^ for his house in Sassafras Street. 
He & his son Drury owed us ^458, but 
having had the misfortune of their house 
being burned, we made them a Consider- 
able allowance by taking said house in full 
for the debt, and I agreed with my Partner 

education, and established himself in Kent County, where he 
married Elizabeth Turbutt. After some years he removed to 
Philadelphia, and in 1744 was made Attorney-General. From 
1750 to 1754 he was Recorder of the City. — Balch, Shippen 
Papers, XLIII. ff. 

' William Maugridge, ship owner of Race Street in 1743. — 
Penna. Ga%., Aug. 18, 1 743. 

2 8o Courtship of [i^'mo. 

to take it of the Comp. at ^400, he 
allowing me X^5 ^^^ ^^^ risque I run in 
giving my Bond to the wid" Edgell for 
^150, for w'*' the s'^ house was mort- 
gaged, and for said sum I take Maugridge 
& Drury's Bonds, payable 50 pounds a 
year till the whole is paid with Interest. 
M. Slatter, Robt. Lawrence, S. Morris &c* 
spent the Evening with us. 

12"' Was out about business, particu- 
larly in getting my house in Sassafras 
Street ready for the widow Kock, who by 
her brother Wm. Vanderspiegel hath taken 
it at ^24 '^ An: to pay quarterly. . . . 
At Bro"" W™ Logan's, with Susy DlUwyn 

j^th ^^th ^^y^ Had several friends' 
Company, who are come to be at the 
Yearly Meeting. . . . Had a pretty 
many friends' Comp^ in the Evening. 

19*'' (2*^ day) Wm. Home & his wife, 
and several other friends whose names I 
do not know, dined with us, & we had 
many friends' Company in the afternoon. 

1750] Hannah Logan 281 

21^* Walked to the pasture which 
father Logan has given to my wife. 

22^ After dinner Edw'^ Cathrall & I 
walked to Thos. Lightfoot's plantation, 
& W. Callender being there walked with 
us back again. We smoked a pipe at An: 
Benezitt's with M. Lightfoot &d\ 

30'^' (6*^ day) My wife & I dined with 
Sister Hannah, where, hearing that Father 
Logan was not very well, we all therefore ^ 
immediately set out for Stenton, and found ^**' 
Father very much affected with the Palsy, 
on the right side, where he formerly has 
had it several times before, but he spoke 
pretty freely. 

^jst ^^th j^^y^ Father seems worse this 
morning, having lost his speech & the use 
of his right side. Johny Pemberton — 
he and his mother having been there last 
night — & I rode to town. I immedi- 
ately went to D'' Shippen^ & told him 

^ Dr. William Shippen (1712-1801), son of Joseph and 
Abigail (Grosse) Shippen, and brother of Edward Shippen, of 
Lancaster, became an eminent physician of Philadelphia. He was 
a member of the first Board of Trustees of the College of Phila- 
delphia, 1 749 ; one of the founders of the College of New 

282 Courtship of [2' mo. 

how father was, & he set out for Stenton, 
having also been there yesterday. I wrote 
a Letter to my own Dear afflicted Father, 
who has long suffered great pain with the 
Cholic or Rheumatism or both. In the 
Even^ I rode to Stenton again, & found 
very little alteration. Father's memory 
seems affected, but his apprehension quick 
and clear. He can speak one or two 
words at a time, but 'tis with great diffi- 
culty his meaning is apprehended. Bro"" 
W" sat up last night, and Jemmy to-night. 

Second month. 
1^ Wrote a page in the Meeting's 

3*^ Read Pope's Windsor Forrest. 

^th gj-Qi- ^m Logan & I walked from 
Stenton to town. We set off" about lo 
& got home about 12. 

^th ^^th jjjy^ Unexpectedly found the 

Jersey; Physician to the Pennsylvania Hospital, 1753-78; Vice- 
President of the American Philosophical Society, 1768 ; member 
of the Continental Congress in 1778 and 1779. He was married 
to Susanna, daughter of Joseph Harrison of Philadelphia. — Pa. 
Mag., I., 109, 212 ff; Keith, Councillors, 137 ff. 

1750] Hannah Logan 283 

award we gave between M. Slatter &c* 
printed in the Gazette.^ 

8*^ Read Dr. Tillotson's " Sermon on 

16*'* Viewing some new prospects 
thro Jn° Armitt's Glass. My father, 
Sisters Betty & Molly, Bro'" Sam' & his 
wife dined with us. After dinner Wm. 
Callender walked with me to my pasture. 

17*'' I took Father out in my chaise 
as far as Uncle Pemberton's place, & then 
took our Child & Nurse about as far on 
frankfort Road. Smoaked a pipe at 
Uncle Pemberton's, & my wife & I spent 
the Evening at Coz. Isr'^ 

Third month. 

f {f' day) My wife & I rode to 
Stenton & dined there. Found Mother 
very unwell with Histerick Cholic. She 
rode a little way with me beyond German- 
town, & we stop'd a while at D'" Witt's."' 

'See Petina. Ga-zette, April 5, 1750. 
^JoHN TiLLOTSON, Afchbishop of Canterbury. 
^ Dr. Christopher Witt ( 1 675-1 765), the last of the Hermits 
of the Wissahickon, came from Wiltshire, England, in 1704, 

284 Courtship of [3*^ 


6"' (i^' day) Was morning and after- 
noon at the Bank. At the first Ellis 
Hugh preach'd and pray'd ; the other was 
silent: — after w''*' I was at the burial of 
Mordecai Lloyd, &; helped to carry the 
Corps several times. Spent the Evening 
at A. Benezitt's & I. Pemberton jun" 
with Ellen Evans. 

gth ^^d j^y^ Was at meeting. Susannah 
Morris pray'd. M. Lightfoot, B. Trotter 
& Susan^ preach'd. I dined at Uncle 
Pemberton's & drank Tea at E. Cathral's, 
& Sally Morris & I rode to Stenton, then 
took Mother out a mile or two. 

^th ^^th j^^y^ ]y[y ^-^g ^ J rode from 

Stenton to our place at the Point, where 
we found E. Catheral &c". We rode 

and joined the Piedstic settlement of Kelpius. He was a graduate 
in medicine and deeply interested in botany. After the death of 
Kelpius, he removed to Germantown and practiced his profession. 

Here he laid out a large garden — said to be the first botanical garden 
in America — he and John Bartram having much in common in the 
pursuit of their favorite science. — Sachse, Pietists, 402-418; 
Penna Gaz., Feb. 7, 1765. 

1750] Hannah Logan 285 

home to dinner, drank Coffee at Bro'" 
Samuel's & Rode back to Stenton in the 

1 1'^ (6*^ day) E. Catheral, W. Vander- 
spiegel, Sam' Shoemaker, Bro"" Sam' & I 
Employed part of the day in fishing over 
the River at Parr's Cove. Heard in the 
Evening that Jn" Kinsey was taken about 
noon to-day with a fit after he had been 
pleading to a cause at the Supream Court 
at Burlington, & was carried into Co^ 
Dan' Smith's, & D'' Bond was immediately 
sent for. 

j^th ^^th j^yj Heard Early in the 
morning that John Kinsey ^ died about 

'John Kinsey (c. i 696-1 750), a distinguished jurist of 

Colonial Pennsylvania and New Jersey, son of John Kinsey, 

Speaker of the New Jersey Assembly, was a native of Philadelphia. 

«^ He practiced law in New Jersey 

y/ ^~^ as a member of Assembly and as 

Speaker of that body. He re- 
moved to Philadelphia in i 730, and took a prominent part in govern- 
mental affairs, being regularly elected to the Assembly, and serving as 
Speaker i 739-1 750. He was Attorney-General of the Province 
1 738-1 741, and Chief Justice 1 743-1 750. He published the 
" Laws of New Jersey " in 1733. Plantation House, his country 
place, lay between the city and the Lower Ferry of the Schuylkill. 

2 86 Courtship of [3' mo. 

8 o'clock last Evening. Sally Morris 
rode home with me. After landing her 
Bro"" Sam' & I rode in the Chaise to meet 
the Corps, w*"'* was brought down by water 
& landed at Masters's wharf. We accom- 
panied it home. The Loss of this Great 
& Good man occasions a general Lamen- , 

tation, and to present appearance is irre- ^ 
pairable. A. Farrington came down before 
dinner, dined with me. My spouse came 
home this Evening. ! 

13"' (i^' day) Was at Bank Meeting ^ 

in the morning. A. Farrington preach'd. 
He, Eliz. & Sarah Morris dined with us. 
About 1 we went to the burial. I. Pem- 
berton jun"", W" Logan, Bro'" Sam' & I 
took up the Corps. We also took it into 
the meeting, & brought it out again. 
There was the greatest Concourse of 
people that Ever I saw upon any occasion. 
M. Lightfoot & A. Farrington preach'd 
at the meeting. After the burial Uncle 

He had, among other children : i , John, who accidentally shot 
himself in 1748 ; and 2, James, afterwards Chief-Justice of New 
Jersey. — N. J. Archives, ist series, XII., 636 ; Appleton Cyc, 
Bio. ; Walton's Life. 

175°] Hannah Logan 287 

Pemberton & I went into John Morris's & 
drank Tea there. 

14*'' (2'* day) Afternoon E. Catheral 
& I rode to Point. From there to a 
Vendue of some land of Dan' Worthing- 
ton's held at francfort. 

j^th (yth ^^y-j Upon an invitation — 
Rachel Cathrall, Sally Morris, my Wife & 
I rode to Samuel Parr's plantation and 
dined. My Father & Sister, E. Catheral 
& K, Callender came up in the afternoon. 
We had our fill of Strawberries & were 
handsomely Entertained. 

20*'' ( I '' day) After the Evening Meet- 
ing I went to visit Coz. F. Burgess, & 
finding him as I thought dangerously ill, 
W. Fishbourne & I sat up with him 
to-night. A very restless one he had. 

23*^ (4*'' day) Coz. F. Burgess died 
this evening. 

24"' (5*'' day) Was most of the morn- 
ing at F. Burgess's late dwelling assisting 
in contriving about the burial. My wife 
& I dined at Uncle Pemberton's. Had 


288 Courtship of [j'mo- 

Coz. Isr' Pemberton & A. Benezitt's 
Company part of the Evening. 

2^th ^^th ^^^^ j^ Benezitt & I were 
appointed to visit Sam' Fisher, who hath 
left fr^^ & joined with G. Tennent^ 3zc\ 
Was afterwards at F. Burgess's burial, & 
with my sister followed as Relations. 

28"' (2'^ day) Diverted myself with 
reading The Turkish Spy &c''.^ 

29*'' {2^ day) Kept house. Read Tom 
Jones ^ &c^ 

30* (4"' day) Spent part of the after- 
noon at Bro"" Wm Logan's, assisting 
Jemmy Logan in packing up. Was 
afternoon at the Vendue of J. Kinsey's 

31'' (5**" day) Jemmy & Johny Pem- 
berton & Jemmy Logan dined with us. 
Was in the afternoon at the Vendue of 

' Minister for Whitefield's followers. 

^ Giovanni Paolo Marana, The eight Volumes of Letters 
Writ by a Turkish Spy . . translated into Italian [or rather 

written in Italian by G. P. M.], from thence into English, etc. 
1734, 12". [Brit. Mus. Cat.] 

* The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. By Henry Fielding. 
6 vol. London, 1749. 

1750] Hannah Logan 289 

J. Kinsey's goods. 1 had before said I 
would give the appraisment — Viz. ^86 
— for the 4 wheel'd Chaise & Horses. 
They were therefore set up at that, & 
nobody bidding, they were Cryed off to 
me. I also bought some plate &c*. 

Fourth month. 

i'* (6*'' day) Wrote several Letters to 
D' Logan ^ & Jn° Hunt to go by Bro'' J. 
Logan. In the Evening 1 took Eliz'' 
Morris in my Chaise to Stenton, my wife 
having went there yesterday. 

4^'' (2'' day) We set ofF for Chester 
with Bro'' Jemmy Logan &c'' in the morn- 
ing. Jemmy Reed rode with me in my 
Chaise. We dined at Chester. I wrote 
a few lines to S. Hume from Chester, & 
taking leave of Jemmy & Coz. John 
Pemberton — who are going to London 
with Capt. Mesnard — some went with 
them to Marcus hook to go on board 
there, but — several of us returned home. 

1 Dr. William Logan ( -I7S7)> of Bristol, England, 

brother of James Logan. 

290 Courtship of [4"' mo. 

^th ^^th ciay) Was busy in dispatching 
our Ship Prince WilHam, w*^^ sailed to-day 
for Jamaica. My spouse & I spent the 
Evening at Uncle Pemberton's with Coz. 
Alice Reed, who came up to-day from 

7"' (5"' day) We dined at Bro"" W. 
Logan's. After dinner W. L. & I went 
to Fewke's^ the painter's, & viewed several 
pieces & faces of his painting. Under- 
stood I was to-day chose a member of the 
School Corporation in the room of John 
Kinsey, Esq^ 

1 1*'* (2*^ day) Heard when I got home 
that honest Ann Roberts was to be buried 
to-day, but I was too busy to go to the 
burial, being settling the Administration 
of Adam & John Lewis's Estates with 
Henry Cross & Mary his wife. 

13*'' (4^'' day) Were at burial of James 
Delaplaine, aged 94, at Germantown. 

1 Robert Feke (1684-1773), son of John Feke, of Long 
Island. He was one of the earliest portrait painters to come to 
Philadelphia, having painted portraits there as early as 1746. — 
Hist. Mag., III., 348; IV., 20, 280 5 Scharfe and Westcott, 
Phila., II., 1030. 

1750] Hannah Logan 291 

After the burial was over the Comp^ 
retired into the meeting house, & we held 
a solid good meeting. 

j^th ^^th j^y^ Towards Evening I went 
into the river. 

^jst ^^th j^y^ j^ j.j^g Evening A. 
Benezitt & I had Samuel Fisher's Com- 
pany at my house till past lo o'clock. 
He acquainted us that he had left friends 
& Joined with the presbyterians from a 
persuasion of Judgement, that fr*^^ held 
several great Errors &c''. We had a pretty 
deal of Solid Conversation with him on 
several particulars. He owned he had 
now received a more satisfactory account 
of friends' principles than heretofore, Yet 
in conclusion declared himself fully satis- 
fied with the way he was in, & that he had 
no inclination to seek farther &c*. 

23"^ (7'^ day) My spouse with Nurse 
& the child in the Chaise, & I on horse- 
back, set out about y^ after 6 & Got to 
Stenton about y^ past 1 1 o'Clock. 

28*^ {f" day) Agreed with Rob' 
Moore for my Point Plantation. He is 

292 Courtship of [5'" mo- 

to pay me ^600 in 3 months for it. 
Attended the School Corporation, upon 
advise that I was Chose in the room of 
John Kinsey there, and accepted of the 
Trust & received my Commission agree- 
able to Charter. 

29*'' (6*'' day) Attended our mo: meet- 
ing. ... I was desired to assist Samuel 
Powell in binding out Seymour Wood, an 
orphan apprentice. Several new overseers 
were appointed, & I was much press'd to 
accept of that service, but as I knew my 
own unfitness, I Entirely declined it. 

Fifth month. 

9*'' (2'' day) In the afternoon Ed. 
Catheral & I rode to the Point, & brought 
home some of our household Goods. 

j^th ^^th j^y-j ^Tg Executed deeds for 
the place at the Point to Robert Moore, 
& for the Woodland at Oxford to Samuel 

1 5"" (i'*day) We with Uncle Pemberton 
& Owen Jones ^ dined at John Morris's. 

'Owen Jones (1711-1793), of Lower Merion and Philadel- 
phia, at one time Provincial Treasurer of Pennsylvania. He was 

Owen Jones 


1750] Hannah Logan 293 

The two latter rode with me to Stenton, 
& after smoking a pipe returned home, 
but I stayed all night. 

18"' (4*" day) About i8 friends dined 
at father Logan's. I rode home in the 

28"' (7"' day) Sam' Powel & I with 
some trouble bound out Seymour Wood 
apprentice to Francis Trumble to learn 
the Joiner & Chair makers Trades. 

29"' (i*" day) Went to Even^ meeting. 
Benj. Trotter made a considerable noise. 

Sixth month. 

3'' (6^'' day) Rode with Jonah [Thomp- 
son] to Abel James's place at francfort, 
where we refreshed ourselves, & then went 
to their meeting. Jonah preach'd & pray'd. 

6"' (2*^ day) Attended our Quarterly 
Meeting. ... I was appointed one of 
the Representatives to the Yearly Meeting, 
who are to consider A, Benezitt's proposal 
for encouraging Schools in the Country &c*. 

a son of Jonathan Jones, and grandson of Dr. Edward Jones, the 
leader of the band of Welsh settlers of 1682. — Myers, Sally 
Wister's Journal, 1 1 . 

2 94 Courtship of [6'*' mo. 

9"' (5"' day) Was in the Evening by 
request at Judah Foulke's, upon whose 
Effects an Execution had been served by 
direction of the Committee of the House 
for a deficiency &c% & he being disposed 
to give up the remainder of his Effects to 
his other Creditors, he gave a warrant of 
Attorney to Rich*^ Hockley, J: Jones & 
myself for that purpose. 

jQth ^^th ^^y-| Spent some time in 
warning J. Foulke's Creditors to meet 
together this afternoon, & they accordingly 
met & agreed that upon Judah's delivering 
up all his Effects they would sign him a 
general Release. He made an assignment 
of his books &c'' to the same three who 
have the Warrant of Attorney. 

j^tu ^^th ^^y^ Read in Fortescue's 
praise of the Laws of England. 

20"' [2^ day) Attended the Vendue 
of Judah Foulke's Goods all day, & at 
night Cast up the difference between the 
Sale & Appraisement. 

ii** (4"' day) Attended the Vendue of 
J. Foulke's Goods closely all day. In the 

1750] Hannah Logan 295 

evening 1 read Tickell's^ Life of Addison 

^yth ^,^(1 ^^y^ Jonah [Thompson] & 
I crossed the River thro a thick fog, & 
calhng at Enion WilHams's to see James 
Thornton, who is unwell with a fever, we 
there met with Antho: Morris & his 3 
sons, Anthony, James & John, whose 
Company and Enion's we had to Trenton. 

29*'' (4*^ day) Got to Stenton about 
noon. Found Sister Hannah & Sally 
Morris there & all as well as usual, 
Gilbert Tennent came there, & drank 
Tea with us. 

30*'' (5*^ day) Was in the afternoon at 
the School Corporation and in the Even^ 
at the fire Company. 

Seventh month. 

5"' (4*'' day) Spent most of the day 
with Coz. I. P. jun"" in sorting J. Kinsey's 

gth i^-^th ^^^-^ Spent part of it [the day] 

' Thomas Tickell. The Works of Joseph Addison [with some 
account of the life and writings of the author, by T. Tickell]. 
4 vols. London, 1721. 4". Another edition, Dublin, 1722. 
[Brit. Mus. Cat.] 

296 Courtship of [7* mo. 

at a Tavern in attending upon the people 
that had acco*^ to settle with J. Foulke. 

12"' (4*'' day) Rode in the afternoon 
to Stenton & brought my wife home. 
Met with Edw'^ Shippen jun'' there, just 
returned from England. 

j^th ^^th ^^y^ Was at meeting. Sarah 
Morris, B. Trotter & Joseph Delaplain 

1 8*'' (3'' day) Attended the meeting of 
worship at the upper meeting house. 
About 40 people dined at our 

27*'' (5"' day) Spent the Even^ at 
Uncle & Isr' Pemberton's with John 
Evans and other friends in Endeavouring 
to settle the Assembly Ticket. 

28"' (6"' day) My wife & I dined at 
Coz. W. Callender's. Heard that a 
Company who met to-day at Caspar 
Wistar's had agreed to have my name put 
in the Assembly Ticket in the room of 
Hugh Roberts, who had been before 
agreed on, but refused to serve. 

1750] Hannah Logan 297 

Eighth month. 

j8t ^^d day) As my name was in some 
of the Tickets, and I understood there 
were several sorts, I did not Chuse to go 
up to the Courthouse, but was about the 
town most of the day spreading Ticketts 
for Isaac Griffitts, who sets up for Sheriff 
The election not being like to be 
over till midnight I went to bed about 
10 o'clock. 

2'' (3'' day) Heard as soon as I got up 
that they did not finish Counting the 
Ticketts till about 6 o'clock this morning, 
and they stood thus — 



Isaac Norris 


Isaac Griffitts 

1 169 

Edw>' Warner 


Edw" Collins 


Owen Evans 


William Biddle 


Hugh Evans 


Edw^i Scull 


Joseph Trotter 


Israel Pcmbertonjun 
Evan Morgan 


Wm Trotter 


John Smith 

I 230 

Geo: Heap 


Thomas James 
W- Gray 



Thomas Leech 


John Naglee 


John Morris is chosen 
Commissioner but I have 

no list of Assessors. 

298 Courtship of P'^'mo. 

This unexpected promotion made me a 
little thoughtful, but I was preserved from 
those fears which at some times would 
have almost overwhelmed me in such a 

Visited Jonah Thompson in the morn- 
ing — who seems better. Was active in 
the afternoon in promoting Ticketts for 
Burgesses, and Joseph Fox & W™ Clymer 
were chose without much opposition, 
though W" Plumstead & his friends for 
him made some attempt, but he declined 
pretty early. Heard that there was some 
Contest in the Comon Council to-day 
about the choice of a Recorder. The Two 
Candidates were B. Franklin & Tench 
Francis, and notwithstanding the vast 
superiority of the former's Capacity and 
Character he had but 19 Votes when the 
other had 24. William Plumstead^ was 
chosen Mayor. 

1 William Plumsted (i 708-1 765), only son of Clement 
Plumsted, Mayor and Provincial Councillor, was one of the 
wealthiest merchants of the City. He held various important 
offices, serving as Common Councilman, Register-General of Wills, 
Mayor for three terms, and Provincial Councillor. When about 

1750] Hannah Logan 299 

Notwithstanding the hurry which poH- 
ticks occasioned I was to-day at Meeting, 
and thought B. Trotter preached well. 
I dined at Edw'^ Cathrall's and drank Tea 
at Bro'" W. Logan's. 

5*^ Was part of the morning at Rob* 
Moore's, & received ^500 in part pay for 
Point plantation. After dinner John 
Morris & I, in pursuance of the agreement 
of the overseers, visited Thomas Marshall 
— near Masters's Mill — & dealt closely 
with him for suffering & Encouraging 
Gaming in his house & other disorders. 
He promised to take what we said into 

S*** In the afternoon I walked to Ken- 
sington to see a Vessel Launched. 

9*^ Was all the forenoon hearing & 
Examining the accounts Depending be- 

middle age he renounced Quakerism and became a prominent 
Episcopalian. He was a subscriber to the first Dancing Assembly 
in 1748. He was married, first, in 1733, to Rebecca ( d. 1741 ), 
daughter of Philip Kearney, merchant ; and secondly, Mary 
(d. 1799), daughter of George and Anne (Yeates) McCall. — 
Keith, Councillors, 169 fF. 

300 Courtship of [9' 


tween Jonathan Love & Arent Hassert^ 
jun'', which they had submitted to the 
Arbitration of Abel James & myself. 

15"' In the Evening I attended the 
Assembly, who according to Charter met 
to-day. We unanimously Chose Isaac 
Norris Speaker, but as the proceedings of 
the house will be printed I need not be 
any more particular in my Diary. 

30"' Was at meeting. Crazy Hannah 
Lewis made some disturbance till John 
Reynell & I took her out of meeting. 

31'* Was at the Insurance Office, & 
began to underwrite. 

Ninth month. 

J St With Edw'' Warner, Evan Morgan 
& Jos: Fox — we being 4 of the Comittee 
of Accounts — at James Morris's in burn- 
ing ragged paper money. 

1^ We burnt in all but /1538 . 8 .3, 
but much of it was in small bills w'^'' were 
Exceedingly defaced. Employed the 

'Arent H assert, merchant, in Letitia's Court. — Pa. Gaz., 
May 17, 1750. 

1750] Hannah Logan 301 

afternoon in reading over the Votes of 
former Assemblys of this Province, many 
of which I have lately Collected. 

9*'' I Employed myself in sorting & 
wiping my books &c*. 

13*^ Met in the Even^ with the rest 
of the Arbitrators between M. Slatter &c% 
& he being very pressing we agreed to 
give him the reasons for our award to send 
to Holland. 

1 7*'' Wrote several dunning letters. 

1 8*^ We hear to-day that our Ship 
Prince William is below from Jamaica. 

ii**' Attended the unloading our Ship 
most of the day. However, having a 
Ticket for that purpose, I found time to 
hear Dr. Thomson's Oration on the 
Smallpox at the Academy. 

26*'' I spent the Evening at the School- 
house consulting with the rest of the 
Overseers of the Meeting about our duty. 

29"' Attended the meeting of the 
Overseers of The Free School. We chose 
John Armitt a member in the room of 
John Bringhurst deceased. 

30 2 Courtship of [lo'^mo. 

Tenth month. 

3'^ Understanding that Father Logan 
wanted me, I rode up there this morning, 
but though I found that he wanted a letter 
wrote to his bookseller, I could not at all 
apprehend about what. 

5"' Had the Comp^ of John Wilson,^ 
who is recommended to me by John Hunt, 
and who is come over to seek Employ as 
a Schoolmaster. 

8*^ In the afternoon met the overseers 
of the School, who unanimously agreed to 
Employ John Wilson as an usher to 
Rob* Willan. 

15"' At 45 minutes after 10 o'clock in 
the forenoon my dear wife was happily 
delivered of a fine boy. 

2jd ^jst j^y^ J went to the Evening 
meeting, w*""" was at first disturbed by John 
Durburon, supposed to be out of his right 

1 John Wilson, unmarried, schoolmaster, produced a certificate 
of removal, dated 6th mo. 30, 1750, from the Friends of the 
Monthly Meeting at Ackworth, England, to Philadelphia Monthly 
Meeting, loth mo. 28, 1750, he being "now usher of Friends 
School in this City." — Myers, Quaker Arrivals at Philadelphia, 
I 17-1 18. 


1750] Hannah Logan 303 

senses, going to prayer, at which the meet- 
ing rose & stood still till he was stopped. 

Eleventh month. 

17"* Attended the house. The City 
& County members, all but Ed. Warner, 
dined with the Governour. Was in the 
afternoon at the burial of Joseph Emlen. 

Twelfth month. 

12"' Was in the Evening at the 
Auction of books. Bought none. 

13*^ to 16"' At the Auction. 

18"' Attended with Joshua Crosby & 
Anthony Benezitt to sit in the meeting of 
Ministers & Elders. 

19"' At home with James Birkett in 
consulting about building a Vessel. 

20*^ Anthony Benezett & I visited 
Samuel Jackson in person to deal with him 
for being concerned in Counterfeiting 
Cobs & dollars Sec". 

21** To the meeting of the Overseers 
of the School. We were together till late. 
We chose W. Callender & Samuel Preston 

304 Courtship of [i'* mo. 

Moore to be trustees in the room of 
Father Logan & Uncle Noble. 

Fint month, lyji. 

ytb With Others of the Committee at 
Charles Norris's in burning ragged money. 
Dined with Mother Logan & other good 
friends at Bro'' W" Logan's. Was in the 
Evening at the Auction. 

8"^ The burial of Polly Griffith. 

11*^ Jos. Crosby & I were desired to 
speak, to Lewis Evans to prevent his 
printing our disapline, which we did, & he 
promised us he would not. We also spoke 
to B. Franklin about it. 

21'' To the burial of Elis* Greenleafe. 

23*^ Israel Pemberton Jun"" & I rode 
in the morning to our Pastures, & from 
thence to the Governour's house at Bush- 
hill & viewed it. 

27"' Went to the Vendue of B. Cal- 
ender's land at Frankfort. 

Seco7id month. 

1^ Was in the Even^' at A. Benezitt's 
to assist them with a conveyance to their 
father's burial to morrow. 

^750 Hannah Logan 305 

3'^ M. Lightfoot & I rode together to 
Stenton, & from thence to Germantown 
to the burial of Stephen Benezitt/ at which 
there was a great number of people. 
Gilbert Tennent said something at the 
Grave. A pretty many of us dined at 
Father Logan's. 

4*'' Isr' & I spent the afternoon in 
revising the minutes of Assembly. 

11'^ To the burial of Sarah the wife 
of Antho: Morris: jun"", which was very 
large. I helped carry. 

12''' I attended the Supreme Court 
about 1 1 hours to hear the Trial of 
Christr" Marshall" &c^ 

^JoHN Stephen Benezet ( -1751), son of John and 

Madelaine (Testart) Benezet, was a native of France, where he 
was married, in 1709, to Judith Delemajanelle. He was a Prot- 
estant, and in 171 5 had his estate confiscated. After living some 
time in England, he came to Philadelphia with his family in 173 1, 
and established himself as a merchant. In 1743, he gave notice 
in the Penmyl-vania Gazette that he intended to give up trading. 
During his later life he resided in Germantown. He had three 
sons, James, Daniel and Anthony Benezet. — MS. Benezet Pedigree, 
Historical Society, Pennsylvania. 

^Christopher Marshall (1709-1797), born in Dublin, 
became a chemist and pharmacist in Philadelphia, his shop being at 
the Golden Ball, on the south side of Chestnut Street, between 

306 Courtship of [3'^"io- 

j^th Yei-y ill . . . which I appre- 
hended to be pleurisy, but D"" Shippen 
thought otherwise. 

26th Was at our monthly meeting, 
Tho' there was a great deal of 
business & some of it weighty, particularly 
whether C. Marshall should be disowned, 
yet I thought upon the whole it was carried 
on with a good degree of brotherly Love 
& condescension. 

30*'' To see our Vessel on the Stocks 
at Kensington, which goes on better than 
I Expected. 

Third month. 

11"' Benj'' Franklin was chosen a 
Burgess yesterday in the room of William 
Clymer deceased. 

20*'' At the School house to hear a 
difference between D"" Moore & Rob' 

Second and Third Streets, opposite Strawberry Alley. He had 
been a Friend, but was expelled from the Society for his attitude on 
the question of war. He was a member of the Committee of 
Safety from its formation to the close of the war. He was on 
confidential terms with members of the Continental Congress, and 
the diary that he kept during the period is of great historical value. 
— Appleton Cyc; Winsor, America, VI., 2735 Diary, ed. 
by Duane ; Pa. Gaz., Feb. 20,1750. 

1751] Hannah Logan 307 

Fourth month. 

3** In the afternoon was at a meeting 
with the Children in the Schoolhouse 
appointed by Susannah Morris & Phebe 
Lancaster, at which they both & Hannah 
Hulford preach'd & EHs** Pennock pray''. 
Drank Tea at Bro'^ W. Logan's. Was 
in the Even^ at my pasture to view the 
Mowers Sec'*. 

ytii Was busy most of the morning in 
purchasing a servant Girl from a Liverpool 
Vessel. Her name Jane Lincey. 

14*'' Alderman Hasell^ was buried this 
Evening, having died yesterday of a 
Mortification in his arm. I yesterday 
signed the subscription paper for the 
Provincial Hospital with £^'^0. 

23*^ At the Evening meeting, & were 
much disturbed by B. Trotter's preaching. 
We supped with Uncle Pemberton. 

Fifth month. 

1^ Understood I was yesterday chose 

'Samuel Hasell (1691-1751), a native of the Barbadoes, 
came to Philadelphia before 1750 and engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness. He was chosen Common Councilman in 1728, Alderman 
in 1729 and Mayor in 1731, 1732 and 1740. — Keith, Councillors. 

3o8 Courtship of [s'^'mo- 

by the Contributors to the Pennsylvania 
Hospital to be one of the managers there- 
of, & had notice to meet the rest in the 
afternoon. ... I met the rest of the 
Managers of the Hospital, & we agreed 
to address the proprietors for a Lot. 

5*^^ In the afternoon met the Managers 
of the Hospital, & we viewed several Lots 
about the town. Were most pleased with 
one between 9th & loth Streets on the 
S. side of Mulberry street. 

6'^ Met the Managers of the Hospital 
at R. Peters's, & the address to the Pro- 
prietor being prepared was approved and 
signed. We agreed upon a letter to 
Thomas Hyam & Sylvanus Bevan ^ to 
request them to Sollicit the affair with the 
Proprietors. . . . In the afternoon 
met the Managers again & we sign'd the 
letter to T. Hyam & S. Bevan, & agreed 
to meet every month on the first fifth-day 
of the week. 

8*^ In the Evening I met with Tho" 
Lawrence & Edw*^ Shippen upon an 

1 A Quaker apothecary of London. He made the well-known 
Bevan bust of William Penn. 

Thomas Lawrence 

^751] Hannah Logan 309 

Arbitration between Sam' Hazard/ Exec- 
utor of Evan Morgan, & John Swift, 
Attorney of Wilhous & Rockliff. We 
finished it. 

14*'' The burial of Jos: Wharton's wife. 

20*** I went into the River in the Eve- 
ning to wash. 

21^' Capt Mesnard came up from 
London this morning "p whom came Bro"" 
Jemmy Logan & several other fr''^ Went 
with Jemmy to the Lower Meeting. . . . 
Jemmy dined with me, & after dinner 
Aunt Pemberton, He & I rode to Stenton. 
I had many letters & some goods. It 
rained in the Even^, but my wife & several 
others came from Plymouth & joined in 
the general Joy. 

22*^ Was busy in getting my front 
room altered into a store &c% & in the 
afternoon was on the publick Acco*^ 

27'** Attended the forenoon at the 
State house on the publick accounts. 

'Samuel Hazard ( i 714-1 758) , merchant, came from New 
York to Philadelphia in 1745. Was one of the first managers of 
the Pennsylvania Hospital. — Morton, Hist. Penna. Hospital, 410, 

3IO Courtship of [6*' mo. 

Sixth mo7tth. 

3"* At our Qiiarterly Meeting of Min- 
isters & Elders. . . . Uncle Pember- 
ton desiring to be Excused from serving 
as Clerk on acco* of his difficulty in hear- 
ing, I was chosen to succeed him. Peter 
Fearn, Thomas Lloyd ^ & Sarah Morris 
dined with us. 

6*'' Attended settling the publick 
accounts at the State house forenoon & 

7*^' Rich'' Peters having introduced 
D' Billings to me with a request to recom- 
mend him to brother Samuel, he hav^ an 
inclination to settle at Burlington, I accord- 
ingly wrote by him. 

8*'' Attended the Committee of 
accounts in burning money at the State 

1 9*'' Attended a Committee at the - 
State house in the morning, & was at the 
house in the afternoon. 

1 Thomas Lloyd ( -1754) > merchant, son of Thomas and 

grandson of Governor Thomas Lloyd, married Susanna, widow of 
Dr. Edward Owen and daughter of Philip Kearney. — Keith, 
Councillors, 22. 

1751] Hannah Logan 311 

Seventh month. 

5''' Met the managers of the Hospital, 
& was appointed one of those to Look 
out for convenient house to begin the 
design in, & to consider of Rules respect- 
ing the Admission of patients, &;c'\ 

10*'' Waited on the Gov*" with a regis- 
ter for our new Snow ; then met a Com- 
mittee appointed by the monthly meeting 
to discourse Joseph Shute respecting the 
meeting house ground in So: Carolina &c^ 
We met at Antho : Morris's, & after a 
pretty deal of conversation Joseph sign'd 
& seal'd an Instrument of writing drawn 
by I. Pemberton Jun^ 

j^th ^jst ^^^^ ^^g j^jl ^ meetings. 

. . . We had a Table full of friends to 
dinner & several to Lodge. 

16*'' In the afternoon I went to the 
meeting at the State house. Sarah Banks, 
Jane Hoskins, Ann Moore & Sus* Morris 
preach** & Ann Moore pray**. 

22** Was at the Great meeting in the 
morning. ... In the afternoon at 
the Bank, . . . also at the Evening 

312 Courtship of [8*'' mo. 

^^th ^^th j^y^ jyjgj. sQj^g of (-}^g over- 
seers of the School, but not being Enough 
to do business we spent a little time in 
considering the next Election. 

Eighth month. 
I St ^g gQ|. }^ome [from Burlington] 
in the Dark of the Evening. Found the 
people in a foam of Politicks. I voted. . . . 

1^ Obtained a List of the votes for 
Officers yesterday. Those for Assembly- 
men were as follows viz: 

Edward Warner 


Isaac Norris 


Evan Morgan 


Joseph Trotter 


Hugh Evans 


John Smith 


Joshua Morris 


Henry Pauling 


Isr' Pemberton ]"■ 


Joseph Fox 


Ben" Franklin 


The reason why the Votes for me run 
lower than the rest, I am told, was, some 
people met & agreed to put Jos: Fox in 
the County & me in the City, and I had 

1751] Hannah Logan 313 

before 1 went out of town very much 
desired to be left wholly out, which per- 
haps might have some Effect. Had to- 
day some of Elias Bland's company, who 
came in a day or two ago. There was 
some strife about the choice of Burgesses. 
Supp'd at I. Pemberton jun". The 
Tickets upon counting them stood thus 
Benjamin Franklin 495 

Hugh Roberts 473 

Joseph Fox 391 

W" Plumstead 303 


One half of these being 831, is I sup- 
pose a great many more than ever voted 
for the city before. 

3*^ We dined at Uncle Pemberton's. 
After dinner I met with B. Franklin & 
Jn" Mifflin, being appointed by the 
Supreme Court Auditors in a Cause, long 
Depending there, between the Lessors of 

[?] Story & one Coppock. We 

heard one Evidence, & agreed to meet 
again next 2'^ day at 2 o'clock. Then 
spent an hour or two with the managers 
of the Hospital. 

314 Courtship of [8*'' mo. 

y*'' Spent the afternoon on the audit of 
Court between Story & Coppock. Heard 
several Evidences & agreed to meet again 
5"' day Even^ at 6 o'clock. 

9*'' In the Even^ was a while at B. 
Franklin's in Examining i witnesses in the 
affair between Story & Coppock. 

lo*'' Charles Norris was to be married 

11*^ In the morning D" Bond, Isr^ 
Pemberton & I viewed the late Dwelling 
house of J. Kinsey Esq'' & were of opinion 
it would be a suitable place to take to 
begin the Hospital in. 

12*^ Father Logan being unwell, my 
wife and I rode to Stenton & back again 
in the Even^. 

14*'' Met the managers of the Hospital 
in the morning & viewed J. Kinsey's house. 

i^th Pitted out my 4-wheerd Chaise 
to bring some of Jemmy Pemberton's 
wedding guests to meeting. Was at the 
meeting, which was large & solid. Mord. 
Yarnall and Eliz'^ Hudson preach'd & 
M. Y. pray'd ; then Jemmy Pemberton 

Dr. Phineas Bond 

^75i] Hannah Logan 315 

was married/ Immediately after which I 
went up to the Assembly & was qualified. 
Molly Morris & Sister Hannah dined 
with me. Attended the house in the 
afternoon. Spent the Evening at Hannah 
Lloyd's with the new married Couple. 

16'^ Joshua Morris dined with me. 

ly*** I spent the Even^ with Jn" 
Reynell & Owen Jones at Josh. Crosby's 
in looking over some Acco*® which he 
desired to View. 

i8*'' (6'^ day) to if" {i'' day) Differ- 
ent sorts of weather but mostly good. 
Father Logan being likely to die, was 
there almost every day, & sat up two 

28*'' Rode to Stenton in the morning 
& staid all day, & sat up at night with 
Father, who seems near his End. 

29*'* Father Logan continuing much 
the same, my wife & I rode home in the 
Evening, but soon after a messenger came 

'James Pemberton, son of Israel, was married October 15, 
1751, to Hannah, daughter of Mordecai and Hannah (Fishbourne) 

3i6 Courtship of [8*' mo. 

with news of Father's being worse, but 
the night being very dark I durst not 
Venture to take my wife out & therefore 
staid with her. 

30"' To Stenton. Found father a 
little revived, bnt insensible, & we think 

little after 1 1 o'clock Father Logan 
changed, & his breath grew shorter & 
shorter till about 20 minutes after 12 
o'clock when he Expired ^ in a very easy 
manner. In the afternoon & Evening we 

1 Philadelphia, November 7. Thursday last, after a long Indis- 
position, died the honourable James Logan, Esq: in the 77th 
Year of his Age ; and on Saturday his Remains were decently 
interr'd in the Friends Burying Ground in this City, the Funeral 
being respectfully attended by the principal Gentlemen and Inhabi- 
tants of Philadelphia and the neighboring County. His Life was 
for the most Part a Life of Business, tho' he had always been 
passionately fond of Study ; He had borne the several Offices of 
Provincial Secretary, Commissioner of Property, Chief Judge of 
the Supreme Court, and for near two Years govern' d the Province 
as President of the Council, in all which publick Stations, as well as 
in private Life he behav'd with unblemished Integrity : But some 
Years before his Death he retir'd from publick Affairs to Stenton 
his Country Seat, where he enjoy'd among his Books that Leisure 
which men of Letters so earnestly desire. He was thoroughly 
versed both in ancient and modern Learning, acquainted with the 

1751] Hannah Logan 317 

consulted about several changes relating 
to the burial. 

Ninth month. 

i'* (6*'' day) Came to town & gave 
some necessary directions about the burial. 
After dinner took both my Chaises up to 
Stenton & accompanied the Corpse to 
Bro"" W. Logan's house. 

1^ (7''' day) Cold & windy, the Invi- 
tation being at one o'clock. We moved 
about y^ after two. There was a large 
company. The Corpse was carried into 
meeting. B. Trotter & M. Lightfoot 

Oriental Tongues, a Master of the Greek and Latin, French and 
Italian Languages, deeply skilled in the Mathematical Sciences, 
and in Natural and Moral Philosophy, as several Pieces of his 
Writing witness, which have been repeatedly printed in divers 
Parts of Europe, and are highly esteemed by the Learned. But 
the most noble Monument of his Wisdom, Publick Spirit, Benevo- 
lence, and affectionate Regard to the People of Penmyl-vania, is 
his Library ; which [he had been gathering for] 50 years past, 
with the greatest Care and Judgment, intending it a Benefaction to 
the Publick for the Increase of Knowledge, and for the common 
Use and Benefit of all Lovers of Learning. It contains the best 
Editions of the best Books in various Languages, Arts and Sciences, 
and is without Doubt the largest, and by far the most valuable 
Collection of the Kind in this Part of the World, and will convey 
the Name of Logan thro' Ages with Honour, to the Latest Posterity. 
— Penna. Gazette, Nov. 7, 175 1. 

3i8 Courtship of [9*'' mo. 

preach'd and M. Emlen pray'd. After 
the burial I spent the Even^ at Bro'" 
Logan's, where we had a pretty deal of 

j'* Several of us accompanied mother 
Logan home. B. Trotter, Ann Moore 
& Mary Knight, having been at German- 
town meeting, came there afterwards & 
had a sitting with us in which the two 
latter preach'd. 

10^'' About 10 o'clock Coz° William 
Smith came on a message to let me know 
that my dear Father changed about 5 
hours after I left him & that his life was 
despaired of. I therefore immediately 
sent to Mother Logan to desire the Loan 
of Gerrard to drive my Chaise, & he 
quickly coming I took brother Richard 
with me in it and got to Burlington before 

II* (2*^ day) Were up by break of 
day intending to be at Amboy to-night, 
but just as we were ready to set out a 
messenger came who had rode all night to 
acquaint us that our dear Father departed 

^750 Hannah Logan 319 

this life about 5 o'clock in the Evening of 
Seventh day & that they had brought his 
Corps to Cranbury last night. 
Met the Corpse at Croswicks ; from 
thence accompanied it to Burlington. 

12"' My wife & near 20 more from 
Philad'' came up. The Invitation was at 
1 1 o'clock, & the Company was large. 
We moved about 5^ after 12, and after 
Interring the Corpse retired into the 
meeting house. ... A Publick Invi- 
tation was given to dinner, & many came. 

14*'' Reached Stenton. 

15*'' In the Even^ the Children being 
together. Mother shewed Father Logan's 
will, about which there was a pretty deal 
of Conversation. 

26'^ At the burial of Coz. M. Light- 
foot, which was large & solid. 

28*^ In the afternoon met the Over- 
seers of the School, & was in the Even^ 
at the fire Company. 

Tenth month. 

12'^ Met the managers of the Hospital 
in the Even^. 

320 Courtship of [i'*mo. 

First month, 17^2. 

j8t ^^th ^j^yj According to the new 
method of computing time. 

9*^ We dined with Mother Sec** at 
Bro"" WilHam Logan's. After dinner we 
spent some time in preparing a state"* of 
the case respecting Father Logan's will 
&c* to consult council upon, L Norris 
Excepting to it. 

10"' Was visited by a German who 
wanted some conversation about religion 
&c*. After dinner W. Logan & I waited 
on Tench Francis with the state""' of the 
case agreed upon last night. 

13'^ In the morning met the Con- 
tributors to the P. Hospital to consider 
the proposed law &c% & was appointed 
with 3 other of the managers to attend a 
comittee of s*^ managers in further con- 
sidering it. 

14*'' Spent about 5 hours with the 
Committee of the Contributors to the 
Hospital in considering the proposed law. 

16*'' With the Committee of the Con- 
tributors to the Hospital, and agreed to 

Dr. Tiiomas Cnchvalader 

175^] Hannah Logan 321 

report several amendments to the pro- 
posed law. 

17'^ In the morning I attended the 
general meeting of Contributors at the 
Courthouse, and after deliberate consider- 
ation the Law respecting the duty & 
power of the managers & Treasurer was 
past. . . . Mem°. — After the Con- 
tributors had passed the above law they 
appointed a Comittee, of whom 1 was 
named one, to prepare a particular law 
respecting the choice of the Physicians &c*. 

20"" This was my birth-day, being 29 
years of age. Was at meeting & served 
as Clerk. . . . Spent 5 hours of the 
afternoon & Evening with the Committee 
of the Contributors to the Hospital in 
considering the law proposed relating to 
the Physicians &c*. This Committee are 
D" Grame, Kearsley, Cadwallader^ & 

' Dr. Thomas Cadwalader (i 707-1 779), son of John Cad- 
walader, an early Welsh settler of Merion, was an eminent physician 
of Philadelphia. In 1 75 1 he subscribed towards the stock of the 
Pennsylvania Hospital, of which he was one of the original physi- 
cians. The same year he was elected a member of che Common 
Council and served until 1774. He was called to the Provincial 

322 Courtship of [2' mo. 

Moore, W" Plumstead, Jos Fox, Alex"" 
Stedman;' W" Griffitts, B. Franklin, H. 
Roberts, Isr' Pemberton J'" & myself. 

21''* Spent a considerable time in the 
afternoon at Jn° Reynell's in hearing a 
complaint of some Germans against James 

Second niotith, 

^d jgj.1 Pemberton j' & I waited upon 
W. Allen" Esq"" with our Hospital Law 
to be confirmed. ... In the after- 
noon I met the Assembly according to 

Council in 1755, and retained the position until the Revolution. 
He was married in 1738 to Hannah, daughter of Thomas Lambert, 
of New Jersey. — Keith, Councillors, 371 ff. 

1 Alexander and Charles Stedman conducted a dry goods store 
in Second Street, in 1750. — Pa. Ga^., May 3, 1750. 

^William Allen (i 704-1 780), a native of Philadelphia, 
studied law in London. Served as Common Councilman in 1727, 
was a member of the Assembly and was associated with Andrew 

Hamilton in pur- 
chasing the site 
for the State 
House. He 
married Hamil- 
ton's daughter, Margaret, and by this marriage and his own gains 
became one of the richest men in the Province. He was appointed 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 1750. — ^Jenkins, Phila., 239. 

William Allen 

^75^] Hannah Logan 323 

4"' {2" day) to 8**^ (y*'^ day) . . . Was 
every day at the Assembly, & 5th-day 
dined with the Governour. 

lo**" In the forenoon at the Hospital, 
& in the afternoon at the Assembly. 

J jth (j^day) to 15*'' (y^'^day) Was every 
day at the Assembly. 

ly*** (2** day) to 22<* (y"' day) Every 
day at the Assembly. 

Third month. 

yth Was at the Assembly; & after, E. 
Morgan & I waited upon the Gov'' with 
sundry Bills, messages, &c% which I 
delivered, but not with so much presence 
of mind as I could wish. 

gth ]y[y ^gg^j. ^-^g ^ ^ ^ ^gg delivered 

of a fine Girl, which I call Hannah. 

I y*^ Caspar Wistar was buried to-day. 

20*'' Were 5 hours at W"" Plumstead's, 
examining witnesses in relation to Father 
Logan's will, & hearing Isaac Norris's 

26*'' In the afternoon at the meeting 
of the Overseers of the School, & in the 
Evening at the fire Comp^. 

324 Hannah Logan [j'' "^o- 

if" (6^^^ day) A Cold N. E. wind & 
some rain. Attended our monthly meet- 
ing. M. Emlen pray'd & Sarah Morris 
preach'd. Wm. Griffitts passed the second 
time, and Anthony Morris jun' with Eliz* 
Hudson the first. 



A Voyage to Barbadoes in 1741 

Tenth month, 17 41. 
Having a mind to See the Island of Barbadoes, and 
to know the manner of living at Sea, and to Survey 
the wonders of the Lord in the deep, and having my 
father's Consent So to do, I Set out from home 
[Burlington, New Jersey] for Philadelphia by land on 
the 8th of 10 mo : 1741, being 3d day of the week. 
The next day about 2 o' Clock P.M. I sett out from 
Philadelphia in the Brig" Burlington, Wm. Condy 
master. Belonging to my father, and her Cargo Con- 
signed to me and my Coz. Samuel Noble, who also 
went with me. The wind being a head we turned it 
from Philadelphia, and about two miles below the town 
on Pennsylvania Shore we gott aground, and there lay 
till the next tide. My desires to the Lord before I 
left home were to he Enabled to be wholly resigned to 
his blessed will, and that if it were Consistent there- 
with He might preserve me from the hands of unrea- 
sonable men without and from the Power of the more 
unreasonable Enemy within. 

1741] Barbadoes 327 

10th of lo'"' & 5th of the week, the tide having 
floated us, we weighed anchor about 2 o'Clock A.M. 
but it being Stark Calm they towed us down to Red 
Bank, where we dropt Anchor about 8 o'Clock A.M. 
to wait for the next tide, having again touched a ground 
a little above the mouth of Skuilkill, but Soon gott 
ofF again. The time that we lay at Anchor here, I 
spent with a great deal of pleasure in viewing the boats. 
Shallops &C'' that with the flood passed by us. I think 
there was 9 or 10 of them, and but one topsail Vessel, 
which was a Sloop from New York. 

The day I left home I wanted 43 days of being 19 
years of age, and had a good Certificate from the 
monthly meeting of friends in Burlington. Weighed 
Anchor about 3 o'Clock P.M., and the wind blowing 
briskly right a head we turned it down, and In the 
Evening mett a Pilot boat, by whom we heard that 
Capt. Redmon's great Ship was lost on the Sheers. 
She was very large, mounting 24 Gunns, and had i 50 
pipes of wine on board, being just gone from Phila- 
delphia and Bound to South Carolina. About 9 
o'clock in the Evening we Anchored just opposite the 
town of Marcus hook. 

11"' Weighed Anchor about 3 o'Clock P.M., 
and the wind being N.N.W. we laid it down finely. 
As we passed by Christeen Creek, I thought Wilming- 
ton made a beautiful appearance, seeming to stand under 
and upon the side of a high hill. We passed New 
Castle about SunSett. I think it seems to have much 
about the same number of houses as Burlington, but 

328 A Voyage to [10*'' mo. 

not nigh So regularly built. Came to an Anchor at 
8 o'clock in the Evening between Salem and Ready 
point, and could distinguish but one house in Salem. 
J 2th Wind at N. N. E. We Laid it down to the 
lower End of Reedy Island, where we found many 
Vessells waiting for a North Wester. In all that lay 
there to-night was 14 topsail Vessells. 

13"" Lay at Anchor at Reedy Island, alias Lazy 

14"* Still detained at Reedy Island by Contrary 
winds. This morning flood tide there passed by us 2 
Ships, 2 Snows, a Brig", a Sloop & a Schooner. 

I 5"^'' Lay at Anchor at Reedy Island, and in the 
afternoon the wind blowing hard at S.W., and Cap" 
M'Ckederick's Ship having but one Anchor out. She 
dragg'd it and drove foul of our Bowsprit and broke 
our flying Gibb Boom short off, but our Capt" being a 
Carpenter Soon Spliced it, and had it up again before 

17"' of lo"" mo. & 5"''' of the week. Weighed 
Anchor about 4 o' Clock in the morning, being 1 5 
Sail in Company, the wind at N.N.W. we were the 
Last Vessel that weighed but one and then some of 
them were 7 or 8 mile a head of us. About 2 or 3 
o'clock in the afternoon we ran by 2 Sail, and left 
the Capes a Stern, about 5 in the Evening, and the 
wind blowing hard before 12 o' Clock we ran by 9 
sail more. The other two were bound for Virginia, 
and so did not steer the Same Course that we did. 

^74i] Barbadoes 329 

As soon almost as we got out of the Capes the Wind 
Chop'd about to the Eastward, which Occasion'd a 
great swelling Sea, that made both my Coz. S. N. and 
me very Sea Sick, and so we Continued most of the 
passage. We saw Several Sail Vessells at Sea, but 
were not Chased by any. We saw but very few fish, 
2 of which were Grampus's, one we suppose to be 
about 23 or 24 feet long, the other about 16 or 17. 

i^."" of I i"* mo., being 5"" of the week, made Land 
about j4 after 12 o' Clock at noon, bearing W. of us, 
and then we Supposed it to be about 9 Leagues from 

15"', being 6"' of the week, about 11 o' Clock in 
the morning, we anchored in Carlisle-Bay, and the man 
of war's boat Came on board and prest 2 of our men. 
Coz. Benj* Callender & Isaac Williams Came on board 
of us, and with them we went on Shore at Bridge- 
town, where we were told the Sorrowful news of the 
death of our worthy friend Thomas Chalkley at 
Tortola. To-day we took lodgings at the widow 
Katharine Borden's. 

1 7"" Being first day of the week We went to 
meetings forenoon and Afternoon, but they were both 
Silent, Jn" Oxley being gone to the Spring meeting 
Most of this day Kind Doctor Gamble and 
his wife gave us their Company at our Lodgings, and 
Invited us to Come and see them, which we many 
times did ... I think we dined 7 times at their 
house while we were on the Island, twice at Jn' 
Oxley' s, once at Jn" Ritchison's, twice at Joseph 

330 A Voyage to [n'^'mo. 

French's, once at Jn" Gibson's, once at Rowland 
Gibson's, once at Jacob Luke's, twice at Wid" 
Harper's Estate at Black Rock, once at Joseph Callen- 
der's, once at Rich'^ Callender's, twice at Sam' Floyd's, 
once at Robt Gray's, & once at Joseph Jackson's, 
and once at Robt Edgell's. 

Barbadoes is a very pleasant Island, the air temper- 
ate, the fruits delicious. In the day time there is a 
Constant Sea Breeze, which mitigates the heat of the 
Sun, and very often Gentle Showers of rain, which 
refreshes the earth. I think I never felt it so hot there 
as it sometimes is at Philadelphia. But we were there 
in the Coolest time of the Year. Of Roots they have 
Yams & Potatoes in abundance, and many delicate 
fruits as Pine apples, oranges. Shaddocks, Plantains, 
Guavoes, Bananoes, and a delicate fruit w"'' they call 
the forbidden fruit, somewhat larger than an Orange. 

On the Island there are several towns viz. Bridge- 
town, Speightstown and Austin's. Bridgetown con- 
tains a large number of houses, but very Irregularly 
built. There are but three that's fit to be called 
Streets, which are Broad Street, the Roe Buck and 
Swan Street, the rest being but Alleys and narrow 
Lanes, of which there are many. Swan Street is 
mostly Inhabited by Jews, who carry on a great trade 
here, and have a large Synagogue, to which I and 
others one day went to See their manner of worship. 
The Men were together below, and the women in 
the Galleries above, but the latter have no part in the 
service. The men had each a small book in their 

1741] Barbadoes 331 

hands and a White Veil about their Shoulders, which 
at perticular parts of their worship they pull over their 
heads, and one of their Arms naked as far as the Elbow 
with a leather String tite bound round it. When we 
came to the door one of them came out and very Com- 
plasantly askt us in, and in we went. It was the day 
which they kept in memory of the Jews' deliverance 
from Haman's Plot. They then shewed the five books 
of Moses which was wrote on Parchment and rolled 
up. The ends of the frame which rolled them up were 
tipt or Gilt with Gold, and upon it hung several Small 
Golden or Gilt bells. At the opening of it the men 
Bowed towards it, with their Eyes fixed upon it, and 
seemed to rejoice very much, but their worship being 
in the Portugese language we could not understand 
them. The two Ministers whom they call the Rabbi 
and the Priest appeared very devout. But the rest of 
the people were Sometimes praying with their eyes 
lifted up to heaven, sometimes laughing, and sometimes 
talking about their ordinary business. 

Most of the Inhabitants profess to belong to the 
Church of England, who have a very large worship 
house in Bridgetown, besides several others on the 
Island. That at Bridgetown has a Chime of Seven 
bells. The Steeple of it is very high, and from the 
top thereof we have a fine prospect of the town, the 
Bay and the Country. One of our Company had the 
Curiosity to Count the Steps by which we ascended, 
and found there was 127. 

Friends have a meeting house at Bridgetown, and 

332 A Voyage to [12**^ mo. 

several others on the Island, viz. one at Speightstown, 
one at the Spring, one at the thicketts and one at 
Punkin hill, but there are but few friends belonging to 
them. Carlisle Bay (on which Bridgetown stands) 
is a large Capacious bay, big enough to Contain a 
great nuniber of Vessells. It is Commanded by 
several forts, the biggest of which is Needham's, in 
which they say there is near loo Cannon mounted. 
It is also guarded by two men of war. The Portland, 
a 50-gun Ship, and the Scarborough, a 20-Gun Ship, 
were then Stationed there. 

At this Island there is a very great trade carried on 
with Guinea, England, Ireland and the Northern 
Continent. It was Judged there was 1 50 Sail of 
Merchantmen in the bay at one time while we were 

At or about the 20th of 12th mo: the Salthidas 
fleet sails yearly. This year they numbered 46 sail 
besides the Portland who Conveyed them. 

Speightstown is not near so big as Bridgetown. Its 
bay is Commanded by Several forts well planted with 
large Cannon. 

Austin is but a small town. 

Their water in this Island is not very Good, but the 
wealthiest Inhabitants have their Stones, that is a large 
porous Stone with a hollow in the middle into which 
the water is poured, and Distills thro' the pores of the 
stone, and an Earthen Jarr underneath receives it. 
This Clarifies and Cools the water and makes it 
pleasant. Their chief drink is Punch, besides which 

1741] Barbadoes 333 

they have Sorrel drink. Ginger-drink, fey, maubie, and 
several other Sorts. 

They have abundance of Negroes on the Island, 
some of their Estates having upwards of 200 of them. 
Nay, 1 was told of one man that upon three Estates 
had upwards of 900 Negroes, and they use them 
coarsely, giving them hardly anything to eat but a pint 
of Corn a day for each Slave and a little Salt. 

I was at Speightstown twice. Once we went by 
water and staid there three days, the other time Coz. 
Benj' Callender & I rode there together, from whence 
we went to Rowland Gibson's, and so home. Once 
several of us went to the Spring (7 miles from town) 
meeting, being first day. After meeting staid and 
Lodged that night at Jacob Luke's, The next day 
we went to Mount Hellibel, a very high mountain 
about 2 miles from the Spring, from the top of which 
we have a prospect of the Sea all round the Island, 
except one small place. From the Mount we went to 
Jn" Gibson's & so home. Once several of us rode to 
the Wid» Harper's Estate, w'" is about 7 mile from 
town, where we staid two days. 

The 22d of the 2d month, 1742, we set sail from 
Carlisle Bay, being 6th day of the week, having on 
board Capt. Henry Coombe and Isaac Williams Jun% 
who came as passengers with us. We saw several sail 
ofVessells on the passage, and after we had been 9 days 
from Barbadoes, we discovered the Island of Bermudas, 
which we Judged to be 4 or 5 leagues from us. The 
day before we saw our Cape we saw a great number 

334 A Journey to [3' mo- 

of Whales (I believe so) playing in the Sea, some of 
which were very large. Three of them came very 
near us, I believe within lo or 15 foot of the Vessel. 
We Imagined they were each of them above 60 feet 

The I 3t'> of 3* month, being the 5"^ of the week, 
about Yi an hour after 8 o' Clock A.M., we made 
land, and about i 2 came a breast of the Capes, where 
we took in a pilott, and the 16"' of 3'^ mo. — being 
first day — about 6 o' Clock in the Evening we arrived 
safe at Philadelphia. The next morning I got a horse 
and rode home, where I found my father and family 
all well. Thanks be to God the Father of all our 
mercies. I also found my brother Samuel married to 
Jane Kirkbride. They were married in the i ith mo. 
last. When I came home I found our friend Samuel 
Hopwood at my father's. This was a worthy Elder 
and Minister of Jesus Christ Come from England to 
visit these parts . . . He was aged about 67 years, 
and yet was one of a hale hearty Constitution, travelled 
very much, and in his preaching streined himself 
Exceedingly, having a very loud Voice, and Standing 
a great while. 

174^] New York 335 

A Journey to New York. 

^Se-veral iveeh later than the preceding.'\ 

I took a ride with Coz. Benj' Smith & his Wife & 
Coz. Katy Callender to New York. We rode to 
Elizabethtown point, where we left our horses and 
went by water to York. As we were going along we 
stopped at Brunswick, which is a very thriving town, 
but Scituate very low. While we staid there I had 
the Curiosity to Count the houses, and 1 think there 
were about 140 of them. We staid a week in New 
York, which is a large, populous City, the buildings 
mostly larger than those oi Philadelphia, but the town 
is not nigh so handsome nor so regularly laid out. 
Their new Dutch Church (as they call it) is a very 
large building. We ascended to the top of its Steeple 
by I I 8 steps, from whence we had a very fine prospect 
of the town and the river. As Coz. Katy & I were 
returning homewards in the Shays, Coming to Cross- 
wicks Creek opposite Watson's Ferry, the horse run 
into the Creek, and oversetting the Shays threw us 
into the Creek, where in all probability we should 
have been drowned if God . . . had not sent us 
relief in the needfial time. Matthew Watson's boats 
Came and took us up, but the horse was almost 

33^ Diary of [1736 

Miscellaneous Extracts 

1736. In this year our Worthy friend John Fother- 
gill (from Old England) visited friends. In these 
American Parts, It being the third time he had been 
here on that account. He was an antient man, tall 
and Well Shap'd, Very Zealous against Sin and 
Iniquity. His testimony was Large, Sound and 
Weighty. He had a Very Loud Voice, and often- 
times had Great Auditory' s In these Parts, To Whom 
(by the Assistance of the Grace by which he was Sent 
among us) he would open the misteries of the kingdom, 
in a lively & powerful Manner. An Elder he was 
Worthy of Double Honour. He travelled most of 
(If not all) the English Governments on this Conti- 
nent, and Returned home In the Latter End of 1737, 
Visiting Barbadoes In his Way. 

In 1736, If I mistake not, Edward Tyley (from 
Old England also) Visited the Churches In these 
Parts. He was a Young Man of a Middle Stature, a 
pleasant Countenance and a Comely aspect. He was 
very zealous In his ministry and fervent In prayer, 
and having Visited Meetings, In this and the Neighbor- 
ing Governments, He returned home, being accom- 
panied by our friend Daniel Stanton, as far as Boston 
In New England. 

1737. Ruth Courtney and Susannah Hudson 
(from Ireland) Visited these parts. Ruth Courtney 
was an Elderly Woman, Her Gift of Publick Preach- 
ing Not Very Large, Yet Sound and Well Received. 
Susannah Hudson was a Young Woman, Very tender, 
and well Concerned In her testimony as also In prayer. 

1738. John Hunt, from England, visited Friends 
in these parts. He was a Young man of Low Stature, 
Somewhat Slow of Speech (In his testimony) Yet Safe 

^739] John Smith 337 

and very Correct, Devout In his prayers, which he 
Uttered with Great Humility. 

1738—9, iith month 5th. Transcribed a paper 
Entitled, A Scheme for a Bank-Stock In New Jersey 

6th. Paid Wm. Buckley a ballence of ^i is 
2i.^d due to him on Ace' of Sugar Shipt me P' Capt. 

8th. Sent By Wm. Hancock a letter to my father 
at Amboy, wherein was two books, one of them 
Entituled A true State of the Case of R. R. widow &c''. 
The other. Remarks Upon Zenger's Tryal &c*. Made 
some Verses on Pure Love. The Contents whereof 
may be Seen In the Collection of Writings, &c% Page 

lith. Wrote a paper Entitled, A Meditation In 
Prose, The Contents Whereof may be Seen in the 
Collection of Writings &c*, page (26) 

1 2th. Began to translate Mat. Corderii &c* from 
Latin Into English. 

2 1 St. Our fr''^ Jn" Cadwallet & Enoch Pearson 
were at our meeting. 

1 2th month iqth. I Was at Ancocas meeting, 
whereat were our friends John Salkil and Alexander 

1st mo. 2 1 St, 1739. I Went to ancocas meeting. 
Whereat were our Friends John Hunt and John 

I 2th month 4, 1739. Was our monthly meeting, 
whereat were Several Publick friends that did not 
belong thereto : Viz. Clark Rodman, John William- 
son, Jacob Orum, Richard French, John Sikes, Thomas 
Evans, Mary Wilkins and Hannah Forster, and that 
Night thro' the Carelessness (as was Supposed) of 
Ann White (that us'd to mind It) the fire In the 

3 38 Diary of [^739 

Upper Chamber of the Httle Meeting house kindled, 
and (as it was Suppos'd) Some of it fell off the hearth 
on the floor and so set It afire ; But it Was not Dis- 
covered till about I I o'clock the next Day, when 
(thro' Mercy) by the help of the Engine and Many 
People Most Part of the Roof of the Great house was 
Saved and the Lower floor & the timbers of the upper, 
In the little one, were also Saved, but the Roof of the 
little House & the S. W. Side of the Roof, and the 
Lanthorn of the Great house were AH Burnt. As the 
Engine was playing In the Great House, some timbers 
of the terret fell & hurt Several people. Samuel Brown 
was the Worst hurt, for one of the timbers fell upon 
his head & knockt him down So that he was Carried 
out for Dead, but In about five hours, Came to him- 
self again, but his head being Very much Bruised he 
Continued 111 Several Weeks. Thomas Pryor (also) 
had his Collar Bone Broke. 

9th. Uncle Caleb Raper took the Qualification to 
be Mayor of the City of Burlington In the Room of 
Edward Pierce Deceas'd, and Coz. Robert Smith to 
be Recorder of S'* City In the place of Isaac Decow, 
who was Preferred to be one of the Judges of the 
Quarter Sessions for the County. 

27th. I Bought of Sarah, Wife of Simon Nightin- 
gale, The Third and Last Vol. of Stephen Crisp's 
Sermons, being Twelve Declarations & 2 prayers, 
price IS 8d. 

1st month 4, 1739—40. This day Elizabeth, 
Daughter of Jon. Large, was to have been Married, 
but was disappointed. The man's Name that was to 
have had her is Robert Swingett, who had been in the 
Country from Old England about Six Months. This 
morning a Young Man that Came in the Same Vessel 
with him Came to Bristol, and hearing he was Going 
to be married Went to Some friends that Intended to 

i74o] John Smith 339 

be at the wedding and Told them that he knew the 
man had a wife and Child In England, and he being 
Very Positive in his Story & his account being Very 
Probable the Couple Were not married. So that It was 
thought the Certificate that he produced at the monthly 
meeting was a forged one. 

It was afterwards Confirmed from England that he 
had a wife & Child. 

7th. I Sent Money i 2s by George Page to buy me 
Whitefield's Journals & Sermons, as also Fuller Sc 
Holmes on the Suffering of the people Called Quakers, 
Barcroft's Journal, and Ma'' Drummond on Internal 
Revelation ; which he not Going Returned. 

2d mo. 4th or 5th. I Bought of Benjamin ffranklin 
the following Books (viz. ) Piety Promoted, the five 
parts Bound together ; W. Edmundson's Journal ; 
Jno. Banks's Journal, Thomas Wilson's Journal, John 
Barcroft's Journal & Fuller & Holmes on the Sufferings 
of the people called Quakers. They all together Cost 


Burlington, 2d mo. 23d, 1740. 

I agree with thee that An Epistolary Correspondence (when 
maintained in Amity & on profitable Subjects) Is not only Satisfac- 
tory, but may be very Improving. 

Our Assembly is now Sitting, & the Governor has made a long 
Speech to them wherein among other things he tells them that he 
has called them together to give them a Second Opportunity to do 
what good they Can for their Country by proposing Such Laws as 
Are wanting or Amending those Already made. He also Insists on 
their Coming to Some Resolutions about fixing the Seat of Govern- 

Last Seventh day War against Spain was declared here in due 
form, together with our Governor's Proclamation for Encouraging 
Volunteers to go in the Intended Expedition against some of the 
Spanish West Indies, of which I Suppose John Eaton will Send 
you two or three. 

There Seems to be a better harmony Subsisting at Present between 

340 Diary of [1740 

the Governor & Assembly, than Was Last Sessions at Amboy, 
which gives Room to hope of some good being done. 

We hear from Philadelphia that George Whitefield is Arrived 
there & preaches daily to great numbers of people. Last first day 
morning before Church time he preached a Sermon on faith In 
Opposition to the doctrine of Good works being absolutely necessary 
to our Justification in the Sight of God. And at Church (so 
Called) their Parson (Comminings ) preached up works in Opposi- 
tion to Whitefield and in the Evening Whitefield Again preached 
in Opposition to him, So that those of the Black Robe Sometimes 
display their different Opinions 

There has been some dispute about Henry Fisher, and he is now 
Expelled the house because of his being an Alien, and Somerset is 
to have a New Election for another in his Room. 

George Whitefield is going for New York. 

5th mo. 25th, 1740. I this morning Accompanied 
the Governour's Lady, daughter, Grandaughter & 
Aunt Mary Raper to Visit Thomas Nevvbould, & re- 
turned home in the Evening, the women being much 
delighted with the beautiful prospect of the meadows 
&ca in that part of the Country. 

7th mo. 19. Our Yearly Meeting began .... 
Kezia Baker from the main near To Long Island .... 
Conducted it in prayer. . . . This Kezia was a 
youngish Widow, tall and Slim, very plain in apparell 
and Speech, had a notable Gift, Seldom very long but 
weighty & Lively. 

loth mo. Robt Jordan went in to Barbadoes and 
several other islands in the West Indies in a new brig" 
Called the Burlington, Belonging to my father. 

iith mo. 31. I Went to Philadelphia in a Slay 
with Coz. M. Noble, and the next day being first, 
after forenoon meeting I Dined at Israel Pemberton 
Sen", The next day I was at their quarterly meet- 
ing & the next day returned home. Whilst I was at 
Philadelphia Thomas Lightfoot told me that they had a 
Letter from his father Micah Lightfoot dated in the 
seventh month Last wherein he Informed them that he 

1741] Joi'i^^ Smith 34.1 

was then travelling In Ireland, and that Samuel Bonas 
from England was his Companion, and Intended to 
Continue so till he got to London, which he expected 
would be in the ninth month. 


Burlington, 1st mo. loth, i74o[-4i]. 
Poor country people are almost continually Complaining for want 
of Hay, Corn, Meat &c''''', and abundance of their horses, Cattle, 
Hogs and Sheep die for want. One Man hath Lost 5 or 6 Cattle, 
above 20 sheep & near 40 hogs. Many are forced to give them 
Wheat to keep them alive, and it is well for them that Can get it 
for themselves to Eat, for it and almost Every thing Else but frost 
and Snow is very Scarce up in the Country. 

1st mo. 29th, I 74 1. This Last Winter I Trans- 
scribed the women's monthly meeting's minutes into 
the Standing book from the ist mo. A.D. 1732 to 
1st mo. I 741. 


2 mo. 14, 1741. 
I Suppose thou has heard the Report of the greatest Peer of the 
Realm's being found out In Maryland, To wit the under Sheriff of 
Cecil County proving to be Heir apparent to the Duke of Norfolk, 
Hereditary Earle Marshall of England, I should be glad To be 
Informed if there is any truth in the report &c*. 


Burlington, 2d mo. 14th, 1741. 
My Brother acquaints me th;it our friend John Hunt was married 
to an agreeable Woman (a Widow) on the 25th December Last, 
with a fortune of Two Thousand pounds. 

3 mo. 6th. The Sellar for a house for my brother 
Samuel was begun to be dugg. 

6 mo., I 74 1. At our Youths' meeting this month 
was a little maiden preacher from Bethlehem meeting 

342 Diary of [^741 

— her name Jane Symcock. She begun to Speak in 
meetings before She was i o year old, and is not yet 
1 1 till next I St month, as She told me herself, and tho' 
I have not heard her preach, yet Several that have told 
me that She speaks very notably and very much to 
their Satisfaction. 

7 mo., 1 74 1. Within these three months a Dis- 
temper Called the Yellow fever proved very Mortal at 
Philadelphia. It first seized the party with a violent 
pain in the head and back, and Some died with it 
quickly after being taken. Some the same day, some in 
two days and Some in more, but if they lived in it five 
days there was hopes of their recovery. 

It was thought that the violent heat of the fever 
Rotted the bowels of those that died with it, for 
Quickly after their Decease, and some before. Smelt 
so offensive that people Could hardly abide to be 
near them. I heard that Dr. Thos. Bond Dissected a 
man that had died with it and who had been well and 
hearty three days before. Upon opening his bowels 
he found them to be very much Decayed, and putting 
his hand up into his breast, it felt as if he had put it 
in scalding water, which caused him much pain in his 
hand for some time after. They say the most Suc- 
cessive Remedy for it is vomiting and Sweating. Of 
this Distemper Great numbers of people died. Some 
Shut up their houses and went into the Country for 
fear of it. Among those that died were Hannah 
Emerson, Eliz°^ Hatton, Sarah Thomas, Thos. Hatton, 
Jn» Ambler, Ew** Bridges, Henry Wormley, Thos. 
Say, Sam' Fisher. 

7 mo. 19, I 74 1. Being Seventh day. Went from 
home about lo o'clock A. M. by Water to Philadel- 
phia, Intending to stay the yearly meeting. I Got 
down about 4 o'clock P. M. Lodged that night at 
uncle Noble's. 

1742] John Smith 343 

20th. Being first day, went to the Great house to 
the forenoon meeting, the service of which was thus 
managed : first Robt. Jordan preacht very lively tho' 
not long, then Benjamin Farris spoke, he is a young 
man from New Milford, In N. E. : After him 
Rich-i French preacht, then John Smith spoke a few 
words, and then Benj" Farris concluded the meeting in 
prayer and praise to God the father of Spirits. I 
dined this day at Uncle Noble's. 

The afternoon meeting In the Great house (for I 
was not at the Bank at all) was thus ordered : first 
Kezia Baker preacht, then Dan' Stanton, then Marget 
Ellis spoke a few words, then John Cadwallet, who 
spoke Extraordinary notable against Pride and Vain 
fashions, particularizing Hoop Petticoats, then Susannah 
Morris Concluded the meeting in sweet Supplication 
and prayer. 

The Evening meeting, which was very much 
thronged, was thus Conducted : first some man spoke 
a few words, then Kezia Baker preacht notably, then 
Benj" Farris, then John Evans, who was Extraordin- 
arily opened In good advice and Counsel, then 
Susannah Morris spoke short and Sweet, and Daniel 
Stanton Concluded the meeting in fervent prayer. 

8 mo. 3d, 1742. Esther Clear, minister, buried 
at Phila. 

The last Summer the bloody flux proved very mortal 
about Crosswicks, 3 or 4 out of a family dying out of 
several families. It was also at Philadelphia, where it 
carried off Job Goodson and several others. 

After Yearly Mtg. Edmund Peckover went towards 
Md. accompanied by Wm. Thomas, who came last 
Spring from Tortola, where he and many others had 
been lately convinced of friends' principles. 

8th mo. 6th, 1742, about 10 A. M., Robt. Jordan 
died at Israel Pemberton's house. He was buried the 

344 Diary of [1742 

7th, being fifth day of the week, his Corps being 
accompanied to the meeting house and from thence to 
the grave by a great number of friends and others. At 
the meeting Micah Lightfoot preach'd. 

9 mo. ioth,To Adams meeting, whereat was our friend 
Eliza Pleasant (sister to Robt. Jordan), from Virginia. 

19th. Came Elias Bland here from Phila. on his 
way to N. Eng. Also Jas. Pemberton, Wm. Griffith, 
Jn" Bringhurst, Jr. 

II mo. 28, 1742. About this time a Vessel 
arrived at Philad'' from Antigua which brought us the 
Sorrowful news of the Death of our much Esteemed 
friends John Estaugh and John Cadwallader at Tortola. 
They went from here about the 13th of the 8 mo. 
and had a passage of about 25 days there. The 
account received from John Pickering of Tortola In- 
formed us that John Cadwallader was taken 111 of the 
flux at Sea, but lived 1 8 days after he arrived, and a 
Comfortable time in visiting them. Sometime before 
he died, being sensible of his death, he desired to be 
buried by T. Chalkley, which was accordingly done 
the [?] of 9th mo: Jn° Estaugh had more time, and 
was of great service among them. He was taken off 
by a fever, and was very sensible during his Illness, 
Going away like a Lamb, Singing Hymns and praising 
God to the very Last, and was also Interred by 
T. Chalkley the 6th of 10 mo. 

These were two Antient friends .... both 
about 65 years of age and had been preachers about 
40 years .... J. C. was a Welch man, and 
therefore not so fluent in the English tongue, but his 
ministry was neverless very acceptable, being sound and 
lively . . . . J. E. was an English man, and 
an Extraordinary Gift in the ministry he had, was 
fluent in Speech, Elegant in Expression and had a good 
Delivery .... 

1743] John Smith 345 

2 mo. 9, 1743. To Doct"' Shaw's plantation. 

2 mo., 1743. About this time we had the follow- 
ing paragraph in the publick prints, viz : " Dublin, 
Feb. 12, Last Monday night died much Lamented in 
the 91st year of his age Mr. George Rooke, Sen'', 
and on Thursday his Corpse was conveyed from his 
own house to the Quakers meeting house in Meath 
street with great solemnity, and from thence to their 
burying place. Dolphin-barn-lane . . . " 

3 mo. 1 7th. At an appointed mtg. at Mansfield 
for ministers, Lydia Dean and Dinah James from 
Chester Co, This Dinah is a young [married] wo- 
man, sister to Jn" Churchman. 

I 8th. To Phila. to m. of My cousin Mary Noble 
with Sam' Wetherill. 

22. Edmund Peckover went to Phila. to burial of 
John Oxley, John Oxley, minister, was born at 
Chester, Pa., but lived mostly in Barbadoes. 


3 mo. 27, 1743. 
He Qohn Oxley] arrived at Philadelphia the loth of this Inst. 
(I think). My Coz., S. Noble, T. Lightfoot and my Self went 
down the River to meet the Ship, and John knew us ( tho' in an 
Exceedingly weak Condition). That evening between lo & i i 
o'clock we carried him a shore in a hammock to Jn" Bringhurst's, 
where he continued sensible untill he died. 


Letters of [1748 


Philad% 3d mo: 20th, 1748. 
My Dear Hannah — 

The generous manner in which thou treated me the 
last time but one I was at Stenton — for I will not say 
quite so much of the last — fills me with Inexpressible 
Gratitude. There are very few minds capable of 
being truly generous, and I thank God I have found 
thine to be one : fewer still are able when they have 
generous sentiments to continue and Retain them, but 
Am fully Confident thou will be one of that happy 

I had occasion at present to write to thy father 
about his Letter to Governour Belcher, which the 
Dear Old Gentleman sent me open ; and I could not 
forbear Expressing a little of my opinion of thee. It 
he should show it thee, I Beg thee to forgive my 
freedom ; they are the real and severe Effects of a 
Settled and fixed Judgement, and not from any Inten- 
tion to Complement at the Expence of my Integrity. 
I think I Abhor that disposition as much as any man 

I cannot tell, my dear friend, how I shall support 
so long an Absence as thou Seemed willing to Enjoin 
me. I hope for pardon, if I wait upon thee the latter 
end of next week : Ten of the longest days they will 
be to me of any I ever knew in my Life. Thou will 
easily perceive by the Style of this letter that I am not 
in the easiest disposition. To think of thee as a part 
of myself, as of one heart and Soul with me, for that 

1748] John Smith 347 

I firmly Believe has been the Case ; and not be 
Allowed to Visit thee. To look at thee. To hear thy 
refined sentiments, charmingly Expressed, To think of 
thee, as one United to me in Tender and Immortal 
ties, and yet that could with so much coolness and 
indifference desire me not to make such frequent Visits! 
Oh Hannah, Can there be a Circumstance so difficult 
to retain a Calm Serene mind in ? I have often wished 
thou could see my whole thought, but never more 
than at this Juncture, for I am [in] capable of Express- 
ing them. I heartily wish thee every desirable Bless- 
ing, and am in the utmost tenderness & Sincerity, 
Thy True & faithful Friend 

John Smith. 

To make up for my own deficiencies I Enclose a 
Letter from Dear Edmund Peckover — If I durst ask 
such a favour as a few Lines from thee the beginning of 
the week, I promise Entire Secrecy. Indulge me so 
much. Dear Hannah. 


8 John Smith [^749 


3d mo. 5, 1749. 
We have now in town some Deputies from the six 
nations upon a Treaty. Their chief business is to 
Congratulate the new Governour upon his arrival, & 
being one of their own Countrymen &c% and to Com- 
plain of the White People's settling upon their Lands 
beyond the purchase. I was a day or two ago at the 
state house with the Interpreter to see them. There 
happened to come some West Indians, the women 
drest in great hoops, at which the Indians made a great 
Admiration, seeming to wonder that anybody should 
Encumber themselves with such a dress. One of the 
Gentlemen had a large black bag to his Wig, at which 
one of the Indians pointing asked the Interpreter 
whether that was a woman. . . My brother 
Samuel has taken the new house that Capt. Dowers 
built, and Expects to move in about a month. 

Marriage seems to be at a stand among us ; there 
was not one couple at the last mo: meeting, nor any 
Expected but Jona: Mifflin & the Widow Edgell and 
a daughter of Caspar Wister's with a son in law of 
Tim Matlack's. 

1 Pemberton Papers, Hist. Soc. Penna. 

James Loran's Pewtei' I 'latter 




John and Hannah Smith's Part of 
Household Goods &c [at Stenton] 

A Chest of drawers, a dressing table & 

dressing box with 8 Cane Chairs, 
Feather bed & furniture in the South 

Chamber with a pair of Andirons 

Shovel, tongs & bellows . . . 

The two wheeled Chaise 

The Looking Glass in the little front room 
A Truckle bedstead, bed. Bolster & pillow 
A pair of brass top Andirons with Shovel 

& tongs in the common back 


A maple desk with walnut spice box in 

the back parlour 2 

An Old Chest of drawers, a rush bottom 

chair with 3 mops & dressing 

glass in the Green room .... 
In the North back Garret a servands bed 

& bedstead 

14* part of pewter from A to B in the 


i/^* part of the Table linnen from C to D 
j4 of a. suit Damask & i ditto muslin 


A large Enamell'd China dish 25s 

3 small dishes, 8 half pint blue & white 

cups with a spoon boat .... 
I blue China plate & 4 Coffee Cups . . 
6 half pint blue & white Cups & 9 China 


I blue & white China bowl 3s ... . 
24 syllabub Glasses, 2 Glass pyramid 












3 50 Inventory 

23 Jelly Glasses, i large & 3 small tum- 
blers 14 

1 1 China Cups Sc 8 saucers 15 

A small bell metal skillet & a Copper stew 


I Iron Chafing dish 3s6d i Lazy back 2s 5 6 

i/^'i part of the Lumber 3s 4d . . . . 3 4 

An Old Oaken table with 2 Cane Chairs, 7 6 

A black leather Chair in the Entry . . 76 

18 bottles Metheglin 18 4 

8 bottles Cherry wine 8 

8 bottles English beer 5 

6 bottles Elderberry wine 6 

— Yi 2, 7289, F. 181, Smith MSS., Ridgway 
Branch Philadelphia Library Company. 

By the will of their mother, dated 4 mo. 8th, 1754, 
William and James Logan received " each one piece ot 
Silver plate, such as they shall chuse," but Hannah 
Smith received the remainder of the plate and a negro 
woman named Menah. 

The negro woman, however, seems to have been 
kept at Stenton. John Smith, evidently, did not wish 
to have a slave in his home. He writes, 9 mo. 4, 
1753, to John Luke, of Philadelphia : <• I am obliged 
to thee for preventing the Consignment of a negroe to 
me, as I do not chuse either to buy or sell them." 
He does not hesitate, however, to sell Palatine 
redemptioners. — Ibid, F. 173. 


Abington 81, 219 

Addison, The, 75, 79 

Alborough 26 

Alden, Elizabeth, 58 

Alexander, James, 265 

Allen, Mary 156, 171 

Allen, William, 265, 270, *322 

Allinson, Samuel, 58 

Ambler, John, 342 

Amboy, 210-215, 255, 318, 337, 340 

Andrews, Isaac 118, 164, 264 

Andrews, Jacob, 233 

Anson's, George, "Voyage,". 253 

Antigua 79, 89, 290, 344 

Arbuckle, James, 266 

Armitt, John, "Tl, 81, 83, 

84, 98, 100, 101, 108, 109, 
114-116, 120, 123, 125, 152, 
155, 159, 175, 199, 200, 205, 
208, 209, 221, 265, 270, 271, 

273, 275, 283 301 

Armitt, Mary, 85, 221 

Armitt, Richard 221 

Armitt, Sarah, see Sarah (Ar- 
mitt) Logan. 

Armitt, Stephen 113 

Arthur, Capt 204, 337 

Ashbridge, Aaron, *88,111 

Ashbridge, Elizabeth (Sulli- 
van) 88, nil 

Ashton, J., 219 

Ashton (Widow) 188 

Aspden (?), M 66 

Associators, The, 136 

" Atalantis," 97 

Atwood, Wm., 269 

Austin, 330, 332 

Austin, Samuel, 188 

Baker, Kezia, 340, 343 

Ballinger, Robert, 189 

Bank stock 135, 136 

Banks' Journal, John 339 

Banks, Sarah, 221, 222, 311 

Barbadoes 66, 69, 71, 

119, 189, 210, 326, 330, 333, 

336, 340 345 

Barcroft's Journal, John, 339 

Bartram, John *78, 129 

Bassett, Davis (?), ...176, 189, 200 

Bayle 264, 267, 272 


Belcher, Jonathan, 7, 27, 

55, *103-105, 109, 110, 116, 
150, 181, 186, 187, 189, 203, 
215, 236-238, 255, 264, 265, 270, 
276, 279, 303, 304, 311, 323, 346 
Belcher, Louisa (Teal), 236-238, 255 
Benezet, Anthony, 91, 102, 114, 
125, 142, *157, 165, 177, 178, 
198, 225, 243, 251, 254, 264, 
268, 270, 272, 274, 281, 284, 

288, 291, 293, 303 304 

Benezet, John Stephen, 85, 

226, 304 *305 

Benezet, Joyce (Marriott),. 177, 
178, 185, 188, 196, 197, 198, 
200, 207, 250, 251, 253, 254, 

260, 2C1, 265, 266 273 

Benezet, P., 138 

Bermudas, . .». 333 

Bevan, Sylvanus, *30S 

Biddle, William 297 

Bigger, Peacock, 138 

Billings, Dr., 310 

Bingham, James 114 

Birkett, James 303 

Bispham, B 117 

Black, William, Journal of, . .5, 7 

Black Rock, 330 

Bland, Elias 123, 220, 248, 

313, 341, 344 

Bolton, The, 67, 71, 109 

Bombay Hook, 99, 100 

Bonas [Bownas?], Samuel, ... 341 

Bond, Dr., 237, 285, 314 

Bond, Thomas 137 

Bond, Dr. Thomas 342 

Borden, Katherine 329 

Borton, Aba., 130 

Boscawen, Admiral, 153 

Boston, 189, 190, 336 

Bound, Samuel 214 

Bourne, Th., 138 

Bradford, William '133, 138 

Braham, 25, 26 

Brandon, 189, 190, 193 

Bridges, Edward 342 

Bridgetown 329-332 

Bringhurst, John 125, 126, 

131, n77, 263, 301 345 

Bringhurst, John, Jr., 344 

Bristol 87, 139, 255, 338 

3 52 Courtship of 


Brooks, Ann, 174 

Brooks, Thomas, 176, 189, 199 

Brown, Isa., 261 

Brown, Preserve, *106, 267 

Brown, Preserve, Jr 268, 269 

Brown, Samuel, 338 

Brown, Thomas 177, 252 

Brown, William, ....126, 221, 

264 271 

Browne, Jesse, 110 

Brunswick, 335 

Buckingham, 215 

Buckley, William, 337 

Bucks Quarterly Meeting 124 

Budden, Captain 245, 246 

Buffln, John, 167 

Bunting, Alice, 176 

Bunting, Samuel, *121, 273 

Burgess, F., 287, 288 

Burgess, Thomas, ....149, 150, 269 

Burk, Captain, 182 

Burling, Edward, 214 

Burling, James, 212 

Burling (?), Phebe, 213 

Burling, Samuel, 213 

Burlington 24, 26, 28, *33, 

56, 65, 69, 70, 73, 87, 103, 
111, 116-118, 149, 150, 157, 
167, 186, 187, 210, 215, 216, 
227, 233, 234, 238, 249, 254, 
276, 278, 285, 310, 312, 318, 

319, 326, 327, 338 

' ' Burlington, Tlie, ' ' 340 

Burroughs, John, 156 

Burrows, A., 165 

Bush Hill Mansion, ...75, 106, 304 

Bush River, 103 

Cadwalader, John, 262, 344 

Cadwalader, Dr. Thomas, ....*321 
Cadwallet (?), John, ....337, 343 

Calendar, change of, 320 

Callender, Benjamin, 304, 329, 333 

Callender, Hannah, 174 

Callender, Joseph, 115, 330 

Callender, Katv, ....163, 287, 335 

Callender, Richard, 330 

Callender, William, ....35, 83, 
102, 112, 113, 116, 125, 130, 

133, 1.54, 159, 169, 174, 181, 
182, 200, 241, 243, 264, 267, 
269, 270, 281, 283, 296, 303 

Calvert, Mav 98 

Carleton, Thomas *110 

Carlisle, Abraham, 156, 173 

Carlisle Bay, 329, 332, 333 

Carpenter, S., ...116, 122, 127, 159 

Cary, Samuel, 150 

Cassel, Nicholas 132 

Catherall, Edward, ....37, 80, 
83, 84, 86, 91, 97, 107, 133, 

134, 159, 177, 178, 187, 188, 
196, 200, 208, 225, 232, 234, 
260, 266-270, 281, 284, 285, 
2S7, 292, 299, 344 

Catherall, Rachel, 287 

Chalkley, Martha *83, 150, 199 

Chalkley, Thomas, ...111, 130, 329 

Chalkley, Rebecca 95 

Chambers's Dictionary, 80, 

81, 84, 86, 87 

Chanders, Paul, 251 

Chattin, James 100, 322 

Chester, ....120, 126, 163, 165, 

210, 247, 289, 345 

Chesterfield, 234 

Cheyne's Essay on Health and 

Long Life, 89 

Christiana Creek 327 

Chubb, Piall or Noiall (?), .. 

190, 192, 196, 200, 208 

Churchman, John, ...*194-196, 

199-201, 337 

Clair, John, 132 

Clark, B., 80 

Clarke, Dr. Samuel, 99 

Claypoole, James, *137 

Clear, Esther, 343 

Clemens, Samuel, 123 

Clemon, W. , 138 

Clifton, John, 233 

Clymer, William, 112, 275, 

298, 306 

Coates, Samuel, 177 

Coleman, Rebecca, 177 

Coleman, William, ...115, 126, 130 

Collins, Edward, 297 

Collins, Isaac, 58 

Collins, Susanna 58 

Colonial Dames of America, ... 22 

Comminings, .• 340 

Commonplace Book (John 
Smith's), ...86, 88, 102, 241, 264 

Concord, 150 

Condy, Captain William 326 

Conorotor (?), Isa. 167 

Coombe, Captain Henry, 333 

Cooper, Hannah, 278 

Cooper, Jacob, 206 

Cooper, .Jos., 109, 168 

Cooper's, 210, 222 

Coppock, , 313, 314 

Correa, Abbe, 24 

Cottar's (?) Perry 106 

Coultas, James, *138 

Counterfeiting, 303 

Couper, Dr. James, 58 

CoujX'r, Mary, 58 

Court of Common Pleas, 178 

of Oyer and Terminer, 122 

Orphans' 182 

Superior, 97 

Supreme, 110, 171, 305, 313 

Courtney, Ruth 336 

Cowie, Captain 255 

Cox, John, Jr. , 58 

Cox (Widow), 122 

Cox, Sarah, 170, 185, 196, 227 

Coxe's Bridge, 210 


Hannah Logan 353 

Craribuiy 211, 215, 

Crisp's Sermons, Stephen, 

Crosby, Joshua, 85, 178, 

198, 199, 263, 269, 303, 304, 

Crosby, Thomas, 129, 169, 

Cross, Henry, 

Cross, Mary, 

Croswicks, 106, 211, 215, 


Crosswicks Creek 

Darby, ....107, 121, 16.5, 180, 

219, 248 

Davie, Thomas, 

Davis, Dr. George 

Davis, Peter, ....110, 120, 121, 

Dean, Lydia, 

Decow, Isaac, 

Delaplaine, James, 

Delaplaine, Joseph, 


Dialogues on Education 

Dickinson, John, 21, 

Dicks, Peter *247, 

Dillwyn, John, ...57, •79, 113, 

126, 155, 171 

Dillwvn, Susanna (Painter), 

57, 246 

Dillwj-n, Susanna, 

Dillwyn, William, 

Discipline, Book of, 

Dolphin, The 66, 69, 


Don Quixote, 

Dowers, Captain Edward, . .67, 

204, 205, 258-260, 

Draison, P., 

Drinker, Henry S. , 

Drinker, John, 125, 

Drinker, John 

Drummond, Mary, on " In- 
ternal Revelation," 

Driirv, Edward, 

Dublin 67, 165, 

Duncan, Robert, 

Durbraugh, Durbrugh (?), 

Durburon, John, 

Eaton. John, 

Edsell. Robert 

Edgell (Widow) , 280, 

Edmonson's Journal, W 

Elections 112, 243, 

297-299, 312 

Elfreth, .Ter 

Elfreth, .Tesse, 

Elfreth C Widow) 


Ellis. Margaret, ..142, 164, 239, 

Elwell. D.ivid, 

Emerson. Hannah 

Emlen, George 21, 

Emlon, O., .Tr 

Emlen. Hannah, see Hannah 

(Emlen) Logan. 

319 Emlen, Joseph, 303 

338 Emlen, M 83, 85, 105, 112, 

133, 156, 177, 251, 256, 318, 324 
315 Emlen, Samuel, 57 

198 England, 2!)0, 332 

29<1 Estaugh, Elizabeth 'llS, 

290 119, 167, 168 

Estaugh, John, 344 

Etter, Petter, 138 

Evan, Edward, 199 

Evan, Owen, 112, 207, 297 

Evans, C. , 129 

Evans, Elizabeth, 100, 223 

Evans, Ellen 284 

Evans, Evan, 100 

Evans, Hugh, ...112, 208, 297, 312 

Evans, John, *101, 112, 

164, 208, 296 

Evans, Lewis 304 

Evans, Thomas, 337 

Evans (Widow), ....86-88, 110, 118 

Evergreen, 95 

Evesham, 118 

Fairhill, 21, 101, 173. 244, 256, 259 
Falls of the Schuylkill River, 

194, 205, 223 

Faris, Zechariah, 69 

Farmer, Richard, *137 

Farris, Benjamin, 343 

Farrington, Abraham 110, 

128, 143, 150, 151, 209, 219, 

220, 273 286 

Fearn, Peter, 150, 187, 209, 

225, 227 310 

Feke, Robert *290 

Fell, Benjamin, 125, *164 

Fielding, Henry, ....207, 240, 28S 

Fire company, 90, 93, 

97, 135, 295, 319 

Fislibourne, W. , 287 

Fisher, Henrj% 340 

Fisher, John 272 

Fisher, Samuel 288, 291, 342 

Fisher, Thomas 206 

Fisher, William 206, 271 

Fishing, ....20.5, 206, 223, 224, 285 
Fitzosborn's, Sir Thomas, Let- 
ters, 277 

Fitz-Randolph. Ezekiel, ..203, 211 

Fitzrandolph, Hugh, 202 

Fitzrandolph, Richard 215 

Fleeson. Plunket, 137 

313 Fletcher. Thomas, 112 

233 Flovd, Samuel 330 

126 Flashing, 68 

207 Forman, .John 263 

335 Forstor, Hannah 337 

343 Fortescue's " Praise of the 

200 Laws of England," 294 

342 Fothergill, .John 336 

202 Foulke, Judah •126, 129, 

199 1,59, 261, 294 296 

Fox, Joseph, 298, 300, 312, 313, 322 
Francis, Tench, •278, 298, 320 
















354 Courtship of 


Frankford, ..82, 234, 287, 293, 304 

Frankford Road, 283 

Franklin, Benjamin, ...13, 24, 
30, 100, 141, 262, 298, 304, 

306, 312-314, 322, 339 

Franklin, Governor William, . . 56 

French, Joseph 330 

French, Richard, 337, 343 

Friendship, The, 68, 71, 89 

Fuller & Holmes, on " Suffer- 
ings of the People Called 

Quakers," 339 

Galloway, Jos., Jr., 129 

Gallowav, Samuel 209 

Gamble," Dr. Joseph, 114, 329, 34.5 

Garrigue, F., 139 

Gawthrop, Thomas, 81-85, 

*92, 108, 109, 120, 122-125, 

127, 182, 220 

Genet, French minister, 24 

George, David, 203, 206, 208 

George III. of England, 69 

Georgia, 102 

Germantown, 5, 65, 85, 89. 

114, 122, 129, 158, 160, 169, 
194, 209, 226, 240, 244, 252, 

254, 283, 290, 305, 318 

Germantown, Battle of, 24 

Gerrard, 318 

Gibson, John, 330, 333 

Gibson, Rowland, 330, 333 

Giles, Jacob, 93 

Giles, John, 165 

Gloucester Point, 203 

Goodman, Captain, 261 

Goodson, Job, 343 

Goshen, Ill 

Govett, Jos 221 

Graeme, Ann (Diggs) *92 

Graeme, Dr. Thomas, 92, 

*237 321 

Gray, 'George, jr., nss, 253 

Gray, Robert 330 

Gray, William 297 

Great Britain 189 

" Great Brittain, A Tour 

thro' " 99 

Greenleafe, Elizabeth, 304 

Greenleafe, Isaac, *84, 86, 

87, 93, 103, 114, 115, 121, 123, 

127, 220, 263, 269 273 

Griffith, John, 102, *nO, 127 

Griffith, Polly, 304 

Griffith, William 190, 344 

Griffitts, Isaac *134, 276, 297 

Griffitts, Mary 275 

Griffitts, Thomas *67 

Griffitts, William, *67, 87, 

92, 103, 322 324 

Grudv, Martin, 115 

Guinea 332 

Gwvnedd, 100, 177 

Haddonfield 157 

Hall, David *140, 141 

Hamilton, Andrew *106 

Hamilton, James, *255 

Hancock, William, 337 

Hannibal, Old, 172 

Harding, Francis, ....189, 202, 207 

Harnaus, William, 164 

Harper (Widow) 330, 333 

Harrison, Hannah, 203 

Hartshorne, R., 167, 198 

Harvey, Rebecca Minshall, . . . 248 

Hasell, Samuel, *307 

Haslam, John, 122 

Hassert, Arent, Jr., *300 

Hatton, Elizabeth 342 

Hatton, Thomas 342 

Haverford, 88 

Haydock, Eden, 76 

Haydock, Henry, 214 

Hazard, Samuel, *309 

Heap, George, 297 

Hellibel, Mount, 333 

Heulings, Esther, 58 

Heulings, William .58 

Hevsham, Captain, 93 

Hill, Deborah, 58 

Hill, Dr. Richard 58 

Hilles, Gulielma Maria, see 
Gulielma Maria (Hilles) 

Hilles, Samuel 53 

Hilles, William, Samuel, and 

John, 58 

Hockley, Richard 294 

Holcomb, Mary 272, 273 

Holland, 301 

Holland, Margaret, ...133. 170, 

177, 229, 273 

Holland, (the book bind- 
er), 267 

Homan, Sarah, 116 

Hopkin, Ebenezer, '. 118 

Hopwood. Samuel, 123, 334 

Home, William, 280 

Hoskins, Jane, *108, 111, 

116-118, 162, 164, 165, 214, 

248, 311 

Hough, Benjamin, 176, 189, 197 

Howard, Thomas, 113 

Howe, Lord 2t 

Howland, Charies W., 58 

Howland, Gulielma Maria (Hil- 
les) 58, 60 

Hudson. Elizabeth, ..127, 157, 

162, 165, 214, 314 324 

Hudson, Susannah, 336 

Hugh, Ellis 284 

Hulford, Hannah, 164, 221, 251, 307 

Hume, Isabella 10 

Hume, Sophia, ..205, 207, 216, 

220-222, 241, 242, 247 289 

Hunt, D., 123 

Hunt, John, 289, 302, 336, 337, 341 

Hunterdon 259 

Hutton, John *232 

index] Hannah Logan 355 

Uutton, Thomas, 232 

Hyiim, Thomas, 308 

Indian Commissioners, 5 

Indians, 5, 14, 348 

Inglis, John, "IS? 

Inoculation 74 

Ireland, 71, 76, 332, 341 

Iroquois, 5 

Jackson, Joseph 330 

Jackson, Samuel, 303 

Jamaica 68, 71, 204, 290, 301 

James, Abel 79, 81, 86, 95, 

96, 101, 103, 107, 115, 155, 
159, 182, 186, 193, 198, 199, 
210, 211, 214, 229, 230, 240, 
245, 250, 258, 260, 269, 275, 

279, 293 300 

James, Dinah, 345 

James, Edward, 197 

James's Coffee House, ..158, 


James, Mary Ill 

James, Michael 2G9 

James, Rebecca (Chalkley), .. 95 

James, Thomas, 297 

Jasson ( ?), Captain, 236 

Jefferson, Thomas 24 

Jenkin, Cliarles, 71 

Jenkins, William 102, 166 

Jenkinson, Hannah, 167 

Jenkinson, William, 167 

Jennings, Samuel 27 

Jewish Spy, The, 91, 264 

Jones, Abraham, 138 

Jones, John, 112, 197, 294 

Jones, Owen, *292, 293, 315 

Jordan, Jo., 97 

Jordan, Mary, see Mary (Jor- 
dan) Pemberton. 

Jordan, Robert, 340, 343, 344 

Kearney, E. , 129 

Kearnv. H 129 

Kearsley, Dr 106, 321 

Kelpius 225 

Kensington, 299, 306 

King, Joseph, 269 

Kinsev, John, 93, 95, 107, 

112, 129, 140, 177, 180, 191, 
198, 208, 209, 270, *285, 286, 

288-290, 292, 295, 314 

Kinsey, John, Jr 129, 253 

Kirkbride, Jane 334 

Kirkbride, Joseph 189 

Knight, Mary, 318 

Kock (Widow), 280 

Krepner, Paul, 207 

Lancaster, Pa., 5, 80 

Lancaster, Phebe 307 

Lane [Zane?], Isaac, 126, 177 

Langley, Robert, 156-158 

Lardner, Lynford, *1.37 

Large, Ebonezer, 153 

Large, Elizabeth, 338 

Large, Jenny, ..107, 111, 215, 233 

Largo, Jolm 338 

Large, Samuel 109 

Large (Uncle) 127, 227, 233 

Law, William 263 

Lawrence, Robert, 280 

Lawrence, Thomas, ..*75, 136, 308 

Lawrence, Thomas, Jr 137 

Lawson, Captain, 236, 237, 248, 257 

Lay, Benjamin, *81, 82 

Lebanon, 95, 199 

Leech, Thomas *112, 243, 297 

Letter, James Logan to Sarah 

Read, 19, 20 

Letter, John Smith to Elias 

Bland 341 

Letter, John Smith to James 

Pemberton, 341 

Letter, John Smith to John 

Warden, 339 

Letter to Dr. Joseph Gamble,.. 343 
Letters of John Smith to Han- 
nah Logan, ....144, 161, 173, 253 

Lewes, Delaware, 67 

Lewis, Adam, 290 

Lewis, Hannah, 300 

Lewis, John 290 

Lewis, Margaret, 124 

Lewis, Mordecai, 58 - 

Lewis, Nathan 109, 110 

Lewis, Sarah 124 

Library, The (Philadelphia), 
see Philadelphia Library. 

Lightfoot, Michael 81, *83, 

85, 100, 108-110, 112, 115, 121, 
130, 133, 140, 146, 153, 154, 
156, 157, 164, 176, 177, 185, 
193, 196-198, 200, 202, 203, 
207, 220-222, 232-234, 246, 
251, 258, 261, 267, 268, 271, 
273, 277, 281, 284, 286, 305, 

317, 319, 340 344 

Lightfoot (?), Peter 121 

Lightfoot, Thomas, 81, 86, 

175, 210, 264, 269, 281, 340, 345 

Linccv, Jane 307 

Lisle,' Henry, 71, 90 

Liverpool 67, 234, 307 

'Lloyd, David, 13 

Llovd, Grace (Growden),.*121, 

126, 241, 248 

Lloyd, Hannah, 315 

Llovd, Mordecai, 284 

Lloyd, Tliomas, 269, 275, 277, *310 

Logan, Albanus C, Esq 21 

Logan, Deborah, 23 

Logan, Dr. George 23 

Logan, Hannah, . .6-*9, 21, 73, 
85, 89, 92, 96, 98-100, 109, 
116-118, 122, 127, 128, 132, 
133, 142-149, 151, 1.53, 1.54, 
1.58-160, 163, 166. 167, 169, 
171-175, 178, 179, 181-186, 188, 
100, 193-195, 198, 201. 202, 
205, 206, 208, 209, 216-218, 

3 5^ Courtship of 


220, 222-224, 228, 230-236, 
238-210, 242-247, 249-254, 256, 
257, 259, 264, 266-268, 270, 
271, 273, 281, 283, 284, 286, 
287, 289-291, 296, 302, 309, 

314-316, 319, 323, 346, 347 

Logan, Hannah (wife of Wil- 
liam) 167, 168, 194, 217, 

224, 247, 250, 254, 257, 271, 

281, 295 315 

Logan, H;mnah (Emlen), 21 

Logan, James, ..5, 16-*20, 23, 
28, 65, 73, 101, 114, 153, 154, 
160, 169, 179, 182, 186, 201, 
208, 228, 231, 232, 235, 240, 
242, 243, 245, 249, 250, 254, 
256-259, 261, 281, 282, 293, 
302, 304, 305, 314-*316, 320, 323 

Logan, James, Jr., 21, 149, 

150, 206, 230, 233, 234, 240, 
246, 270, 276, 279, 282, 288, 

289, 309 

Logan, Miss Maria Dickinson,. 21 

Logan, Patrick 10, *11 

Logan, Sarah (Read), 19, 

20, 85. 109, 116, 155, 160, 166, 
179, 186, 201, 217, 218, 223, 
224, 231, 239, 241, 244, 249, 
250, 252, 254, 256, 259, 260, 
264-266, 271, 283, 284, 304, 

318, 319 320 

Logan, Sarah (Armitt), ...21, 174 

Logan, Sarah, Jr 8, 9, 20 

Logan, William 21, 85, 96, 

100, 101, 122, 126-128, 132, 
134, 142, 143, 149, 152, *156, 
158, 159, 162, 165, 171, 180, 
182, 183, 194, 195, 198, 202, 
204, 217, 218, 220, 222-225, 
227, 230, 235, 241, 242, 247, 
248, 2.50, 252, 257, 259, 260, 
263, 26.5, 268-271, 273, 274, 
276, 280, 282, 286, 288, 290, 

299, 304, 307, 317, 318 320 

Logan, Dr. William 8, 21, 

179, *289 

London 71, 127, 142, 182, 

226, 228, 236, 245, 255, 309, 341 

Long Island 212, 340 

Lord, Jos., 69, 164 

Louisburg, Surrender of, 69 

Love, Jonathan, 300 

Luke, Jacob 330, 333 

Luke, John 269, 271-273 

Lyde, Byfield, 104, *10.5, 106 

Lynn, Joseph, 106, 182 

McCall, Samuel n36 

McKedrick, Captain 328 

Maekanat, Daniel 226 

Mansfield 167 

Marcus Hook 289, 327 

Marriott, Thomas 139 

Marshall. Christopher 120, 

*305 306 

Marshall, Thomas 299 

Marsha, Witham, Journal of, . 5 

Martin, George, 74 

Martinique 79 

Maryland, 110, 198, 341 

Mason, A 138 

Masters' Mill, 299 

Masters' Plantation, 274 

Masters' Wharf 286 

Mathers, , 127, 165, 248 

Matlack, Timothy, 177, 348 

Matthai, Conrad, ....*225, 226, 235 

Maugridge, Drury, 279, 280 

Maugridge, William, *279, 280 

Medicalfe, Matthew, 114 

Mendenhall, Lvdia 164 

Meredith, Reece, 126, 130 

Merion, 202, 207, 219 

Mesnard, Captain, 101, 226, 

229, 245, 247, 289, 309 

Mickle, Samuel, wife of, ..159, 269 

Mifflin, George, 86, 205 

Mifflin, John, ..113, *275, 278, 313 

Mifflin, Jona., 348 

Mifilin, Sally, 86 

Minshall, Rebecca, see Rebecca 

Minshall Harvey. 

Minshall, Robert, 219 

Moor (?), AbraJiam, 171 

Moore, Ann, 311, 318 

Moore, John 251, 260 

Moore, Robert 291, 292, 299 

Moore, Samuel 74 

Moore, Dr. Samuel Preston, 

*155, 239, 262, 269, 304, 

306, 322 

Aloorestown 167 

Moravian preachers, 98 

More, Sir Thomas 85 

Morgan, Elizabeth, 124, 164 

Morgan, Evan, ..297, 300, 309, 

312 .323 

Morris, Anthony, 58, 101, 

120, 125, 131, 140, 220. 269, 

295 311 

Morris, Anthonj', Jr 269, 

295, 305 324 

Morris, Charles, 165 

Morris, Daniel, 177 

Morris, Debby 86, 107, 165 

Morris, Eliza 258 

Morris, Elizabeth, 186, 

266, 286 289 

Morris, Gulielma Maria 58 

Morris, James, 112, 29.5, 300 

Morris, .Tolin 101, 125, 126, 

165, 177, 264, 287, 292, 293, 

295, 297, 299 

Morris, John, 58 

Morris, Joshua, ..81, 102, 312, 315 

Morris, Lewis *73, 339, 340 

Morris, Margaret (Hill), 58 

Morris, Mary 180, 315 

Morris, Samuel, 208 

Index] Hannah Logan 357 

Morris, Sarah •80, 83, 85, 

110, 129, 130, 133, 142, 152, 
155, 156, 162-164, 174, 177, 
178, 181, 183, 186, 188, 193, 
195, 221-223, 236, 244, 250, 
251, 257, 258, 260, 261, 264, 
266, 267, 269-271, 274, 280, 
284, 286, 287, 295, 296, 305, 

310 324 

Morris, Susanna, ....110, 251, 

284. 307, 311, 343 

Morris (Widow), 171, 174, 

206, 221, 222 

Morris, William 58, 154, 230 

Moss (Mors?), Abraliam, ..*69, 

181, 227 

Mount Holly, 117, 119 

Mulberry Street, 308 

Murfin, Sarah, 234 

Naglee, John, 297 

Narrows, The, 214 

Needhain's Fort 332 

Neshaminy 124 

New Castle, Del 58, 76, 327 

New England, 69, 102, 108, 110, 344 

New Garden, 232 

New Milford, 343 

New York 69, 74, 210-212, 

214, 335, 340 

Newbould, Thomas, 340 

Newburj', M., 114, 129 

Newbury, Peggy, 86, 247 

Nightingale, Sarah, 338 

Nightingale, Simon, 338 

Nixon, R., 139 

Noble, Abel 77 

Noble, Jos., 83, 150, 200, 

230, 304, 342, 343 

Noble, M-. 340 

Noble, Mary, 345 

Noble, Samuel, 75, 83, 90, 

126, 187, 199, 261, 326, 320, 345 

Norfolk, Duke of, 341 

Norris, Bethy 260, 272 

Norris, Charles, »50, 304, 314 

Norris, Deborah, 244 

Norris, Isaac 20, 112, *131, 

173, 244, 256, 259, 260, 262, 

273, 297, 300, 312, 320, 323 

Norris family, 21, 272 

North AVales IOC 

Nottingham, Samuel, 163, 

164, 167, 180, 185-188, 208- 

210, 219 

Old York Road, 5 

Onion, Stephen, 220 

Orphans' Court, 182 

Orum, Jacob, 337 

Overseers of the Press, ....111, 

112, 130 140 

Owen, R 138 

Owen, Rebecca, 86, 129 

Owen (Widow) , 206 

Oxford, 292 

Oxley, John, 329, 345 

Page, George 339 

Painter, Susanna, see Susanna 
(Painter) Dillwyn. 

Palatines 237, 238 

Panmure, Lord, 10 

Paper Money, burning, ..300, 

304, 310 

Parker, Josiah, *247 

Parr, N.athanicl, 232, 2.35 

Parr, Samuel 93, 186, 188, 

269, 287, 292 

Parr's Cove, 285 

Parrock, Hannah, 177, 196 

Parrock, James, *261) 

Parrock, John 258, 259 

Paul, Jona., 121, 122 

Pauling, Henry, 312 

Peal, John 60, 210, 212-214 

Peale, Paul, 26 

Pearsall, Rachel C, 58 

Pearsall, Robert, 58 

Pearson, Enoch, 125, 337 

Peckover, Edmund 123, 

204, 343, 345, 347 

Peckover, Haggit 203, 220 

Peel, Oswald, 113, 243 

Peirce, Ann (Webb) (Pyle).. .*115 

Pemberton, Charles, 132, 

140, 158, 160, 166, 167, 175, 

181, 186, 187 

Pemberton, Israel, Sr., 65, 

66, 72, 84, 85, *90, 92, 95, 
96, 98-100, 103, 106, 112, 122, 
123, 126, 130-133, 140, 142, 
149, 151, 152, 155, 158, 160, 
162-164, 171, 175, 177, 181, 
185, 186, 188, 189, 193, 195, 
198, 200, 205, 206, 209, 210, 
216, 220, 221, 227, 2.30, 241, 
246, 264, 265, 268-271, 273, 

283, 284, 287, 290, 292, 296, 
305, 307, 310, 313, 314, 340, 343 

Pemberton, Israel, Jr 66, 

*93, 94, 100, 101, 111, 112, 
115, 126, 128, 129, 131, 133, 
139, 140, 142, 152, 155, 156, 
158, 176, 178, 180, 181, 186, 
189, 193, 198, 202, 205, 210, 
216, 220-222. 230, 247, 248, 
265, 266, 268-270, 278, 283, 

284, 286, 288, 295-297, 304, 
311-313 322 

Pemberton, .Tames, 56, 67, 

*68, 69. 72, 81, 84, 86, 87, 
90, 91, 100-102, 108, 112, 114, 
115. 121, 126, 129, 1.57-159, 
1S6, 190, 192, 202, 205, 207, 
208. 217, 224, 230, 231, 247, 
2&5, 269, 288. 314, *315, 341, 344 

Pemberton, .Tesse, 120 

Pemberton, .John, ...*168, 254, 
265, 271, 281, 288 289 


Courtship ot 


Pemberton, Mary (Jordan), 72, 
*S5, 89, 92, 96, 99, 114, 120, 

128, 177 244 

Pemberton, Rachel *72, 

88, 120, 167, 168, 172, 177, 
182, 207, 217, 254, 260, 271, 

281, 309 

Pemberton's Plantation House, 95 

Pembroke, The, 165 

Penington, Edward, 79 

Penn, Hannah, 7 

Penn, Thomas, the Proprietor, 

28, 72, 106 

Penn, William, 7, 9, 12, It 

Penn, William, Jr., 18 

Pennell, John, ..247, 248, 257-259 
Pennoek, Elizabeth, ..102, 114, 
151, 176, 177, 188, 196, 197, 

265, 278 307 

Pennoek, Samuel, 120, 129, 

158, 207, 227, 264 

Pennsylvania Gazette, 283 

Pennsylvania Hospital, ...307, 

308. 311, 313, 314, 319-323 

Pepperill, William 69 

Peters, Richard 5, *166, 

ISO, 259, 262, 265, 270, 279, 

308 310 

Philadelphia, ....65, 187, 326, 

330, 334 342 

Philadelphia Contributionship, 38 
Philadelphia Library, ..16, 97, 

158, 189 

Pickering, John, 344 

Pickering, Thomas, 24 

Pierce. Edward, 338 

Pleasant, Eliza 344 

Pleasants, Robert, ....84, 114, 

115, 156-158 
Plumsted, William, ..75, *298, 

313, 322, 323 

Plymouth, 309 

Point-no-point 74, 79, 

107, 132, 159, 168, 190, 193, 
198, 199, 230, 273, 284, 287, 

291, 292, 299 

Pole, John, 103, 269 

Polgreen, James, 138, 202 

Poole, Nathaniel, 162 

Pope, Alexander 77, 282 

Poquessin, 234 

Powell, Samuel, 115, 269, 292, 293 

Powell, Samuel, Jr 114, ♦268 

Price (Lawver) 92 

Prince William, The 93, 

119, 221, 290, 301 

Privateers, 79, 99, 100, 108, 

109, 189-191, 196 

Proud, Jenny, 86 

Prvor, Thomas 338 

Punkin Hill, ■ 332 

Pusey, Caleb 57 

Quarry, Cglonel Robert, 13 

Randolph, John, 24 

Rankin, Captain, 234 

Paper, Caleb, 70, 338 

Paper, Marv, *74, 83, 340 

Read, Charles, ....19, 20, 56, 167 
Read, Sarah, see Sarah (Read) 


Ready Island 189, 328 

Red Bank, 327 

Redemptioners, 237, 238, 307 

Redman, Joseph 138 

Redmon, Captain, 327 

Redwood, Jonas Langford, ...*129 
Redwood, Mehitable, •115, 128, 129 

Reed, Alice, 290 

Reed, James, 289 

Reeve, Peter 86 

Renshaw, R. , 139 

Revnell, John, *66, 102, 

109, 116, 125, 128, 131, 162, 

174, 186, 200, 216, 269, 300, 

315 322 

Rhode Island 185, 188 

Ridiards, Joseph 127 

Richardson, Jos., 124, 156, 

171 269 

Richmond, 102 

Ritchison, John 329 

Roberts, Ann 290 

Roberts, Hueh, ....58, 74, 112, 

113, 275, 296, 313 322 

Roberts, John *224 

Roberts, Mary 58 

Roberts, Molly (Yarnall), 70 

Robinson, J., 138 

Rockliflt, see Wilhous & Roek- 


Rodman, Clark 337 

Rodman, Scamon, 68 

Rodman, Thomas 69 

Rodman. Dr., 150 

Rooke, George, Sr., 345 

Ross, .lohn *1V3 

Ross, J., 138 

Rush, W., 13S 

Russell, Honorable Bertrand, . . 59 

Salem 328 

Salkil, John 337 

Sansom, S., 77 

Sassafras Street, 279, 280 

Say. Thomas, 342 

Scarlxirough, John, 164 

Schuvlkiir River, The, ....71, 

81. 87. 1.58, 265, 327 

Scotland 76 

Scull, Edward 297 

Scull, Nicholas *112 

Seaton, Alexander, 337 

Sewel. Richard 112 

Shakespeare, William, 99 

Shaw, Dr 345 

Sheldon, Elcazer 65 

Sherlocke's Treatise on Death, 97 

Shipley, Elizabeth, "120 

Shippen, Ann, 17, 18 


Hannah Logan 359 

Shippen, Edward (Mayor), 17, 

IS, 70. 254, *262, 270 308 

Shippen, Edward, Jr. (Chief 
Justice of Pennsylvania, and 

son of Mayor), *245, 296 

Shippen, Edward (of Boston 

and Philadelphia) 262 

Shippen, Joseph (of German- 
town)), 262 

Shippen, Dr. William, ..*281, 306 

Shoemaker Lad, Tlie, 158, 

222, 227, 246 

Slioemaker, Samuel 87, 

*134, 207 285 

Shotwell, Joseph, *213 

Shrewsbury, 16, 117, 167, 

168, 175 182 

Shute, Attwood, "IS? 

Shute, Joseph, 116, 311 

Shute, Thomas, 122, 127, 159 

Sikes, .John, 164, 337 

Skating, 81, 87, 265 

Slater, Michael 275-278, 

280, 283, 301 

Small-pox 74, 301 

Smith, Abigail Bowne 58 

Smith, Abigail (Rapier) 24 

Smith, Albanus 59 

Smith. Alys Whitall Pearsall,. 59 

Smith. Benjamin, 335 

Smith, Caroline M., 59 

Smith, Charles Logan, 58 

Smith, Daniel, 73. 210, 285 

Smith, Elizabeth 25, 58, 

70, 111, 220, 221, 249, 250, 

252, 255, 261, 283, 287 288 

Smith, Elizabeth Pearsall 59 

Smith, Hannah, 58 

Smith, Hannah (born 1753),... *58 
Smith, Hannah (Logan), see 
Hannah Log-in. 

Smith, Hannah, Jr., 323 

Smith, Hannah Whitall, 59 

Smith, Horace J 59 

Smith, James, •58 

Smith, James Logan, 58 

Smith, John, 30-*39 

Smith, John (cousin of the au- 
thor), 92, 115, 168 

Smith, John (1761-1803), *58 

Smith, John, Jr., 261 

Smith, John J 58 

Smith. John Jay (1798-1881), 

58, 59 60 

Smith, Lloyd Pearsall 58 

Smith, Margaret Hill 58 

Smith, (Cousin) Mary 232 

Smith, Mollie 283 

Smith, Morris, 59 

Smith, Nanny 97, 102, 

174, 204 233 

Smith, Phebe 110 

Smith, Rachel 58 

Smith, Richard (1593-1647), .. 26 

Smith, Richard (1626-1688), .. 26 

Smith, Richard, *25, 260, 318 

Smith, Richard, Jr., *24, 

25-30, 73, 103, 117, 123, 149, 
166, 180, 181, 187, 188, 194, 
210, 218, 220, 227, 229, 230, 
234, 238, 249, 250, 252, 255, 
260, 267, 268, 273, 276, 282, 
283, 287, 318, 319, 326, 334, 

337, 340 

Smith, Richard M 58 

Smith, Richard Morris, 59, 60 

Smith, Robert 210, 254, 338 

Smith, Robert Pearsall 59 

Smith, Samuel 25, *28, 56, 

74, 104, 120, 128, 132, 150, 
177, 187, 193, 194, 211, 215, 
220, 255, 256, 260, 266, 271, 
276, 283, 285, 286, 310, 334, 341 
Smith, Samuel (grandfather of 

John), 25, 26 

Smith, Sarah Logan, *57, 58 

Smith, Susanna Dillwvn, 58 

Smith, Thomas ." 102, 253 

Smith, William (of Braham), 26 
Smith, William (cousin to au- 
thor), 318 

Smith, William, " Antient and 

valuable friend," 207 

Smith, William Lovett, ...*25, 

114, 143, 168 

South's, Dr. Robert, Sermons,. 181 

South Carolina, 311, 327 

South River, 211, 215 

Spectator, The, 88 

Speightstown, 330, 332, 333 

Spencer's (in the Broadway, 

N. Y.) 212, 213 

Spofford, G., 138 

Stanton, Daniel 83, *105, 

112, 114, 124, 125, 127-130, 
164, 170, 171, 177, 189, 200, 

202, 204, 208, 210, 336, 343 

State House, The, 158, 

189, 194 309-311 

Stapler, Stephen, 156, 174 

Stedman, Alexander '322 

Stedman. Charles, •322 

Steele, Richard 94, 181 

Stenton, ..5, 15, 21-24, 72, 85, 
86, 89, 100, 114, 148, 149, 152, 
154, 158, 160, 166, 167, 169, 
171, 173, 174, 178, 180, 181, 
183, 185, 190, 193, 194, 201, 
209, 217, 218, 222, 224, 227, 
230, 231, 234, 235, 238, 240, 
242-246, 249, 250, 2.52, 253, 
257-262, 206, 268, 270, 274, 
279, 281-285, 289, 291, 293, 
295, 296. 305, 309, 314-317, 319 

Stephens, Eliza, 221, 229 

Stewardson, George 58 

Stewardson, Thomas, 58, 60 

Story, Thomas, 17, 18 

360 Courtship of 


story's, Thomas, Journal, 198, 240 

Strettell, Amos *131, 

154, 156 I60 

Strettell, Robert, ...*125, 130, 151 

Superior Court, 97 

Supreme Court, ..110, 171, 305, 313 

Swan, R., 138 

Swift, John 309 

Swingett, Robert, 333 

Symcock, Jane, 342 

Symes (?) (Sytres?) (Supres?), 

John, 187, 233 

Symond's Ferry, 211 

Syng, Philip, *113 

Tatler, The, 88 

Taylor, Abraham, 136 

Taylor, Dr. Jeremiah, " Imita- 
tion of Christ," 231 

Teal, Louisa, see Louisa (Teal) 

Tennent, Rev. Gilbert 139- 

141, 143, 158, 187, 226, 288, 

295, 305 

Thanksgiving Proclamation, . . 77 

Thomas, Elizabeth 107 

Tliomas, George, *93, 98 

Thomas, Sarah, 342 

Tliomas, Thomas, 178 

Thomas, William, 343 

Thompson, Jonah, ...293, 295, 298 
Thomson, James, 148, 200, 201, 202 

Thornton, James, 295 

Three Tuns Tavern, 5 

Tickell's, Thomas, Life of Ad- 
dison, 295 

Tillotson, Dr. John 283 

Toole, Daniel 81 

Tortola 329, 343, 344 

Trenton 295 

Trotter, Benjamin, ..*80, 123, 
128, 130, 133, 162, 181, 195, 
204, 229, 236, 256, 264, 265, 
271, 284, 293, 296, 299, 307, 

317, 318 

Trotter, Joseph, 112, 297, 312 

Trotter, William, 297 

Tnimble, Francis, 293 

Turkish Spy, The, 288 

Tyley, Edward, 336 

Vanderspiegel, William, ..177, 

280, 285 

Virginia 84, 156, 328, 344 

Virginia Indian Commission, 5, 9 

Wain, Robert, 197 

Wain, M., Jr. 265 

Warden, John, 339 

Warden's 241 

Warner. Edward, ..*112, 269, 

297, 300, 303 312 

Warren, Captain 69 

Warren, Lady Susanna (De 

Lancey) 212 

Washington, George, 24, 36 

Watson, Matthew, 335 

Watson (Widow) 197 

Watson's Ferry, 335 

Watts, Anne, *212 

Watts, Dr. Isaac, 227 

Wellinborough 219 

Welch Men (from Haverford) . 88 

West, Cha 197 

West Indians, 348 

West Indies, 27 

Westminster Abbey, 95 

WetherUl, Samuel, 73, 345 

Wharton, Joseph, *171, 309 

Whipple, S., 128 

White, Ann 337 

White, Captain, 123, 127 

White, Esther 102, 177, 

207, 247, 258 

White, John 264 

White, Josiah, 110, 117 

Whitefield, Rev. George, ..*76, 

98, 339, 340 

Wicaco 171 

Widow, The, (ship), 127 

Widowfield, Ann, 108 

Widowfield, Peter, 156, 165 

Wilhous & Rockliff, 309 

Willan, Dr. Robert 227, 

*229, 230, 243, 254, 257, 262, 

266, 302 

Williams, Enion, 295 

Williams, Isaac 329 

Williams, Isaac, Jr., 333 

Williamson, John 337 

Willing, Charles, *136 

Wilkins, Mary 337 

Wilmington 327 

Wilson, Christopher, ..65, 122, 198 

Wilson, David, 125 

Wilson, John, *302 

Wilson's, Thomas, Journal, . . . 3.39 

Wissahickon Road, 225 

Wister, Caspar, .269, 296, 323, 348 

Witt, Dr. Christopher, *283 

Wood, Joseph, 138 

Wood, Seymour 292, 293 

Wood, Thomas 254 

Woodbridge, 213 

Woolman, John 209 

Wormley, Henry 342 

Worrell,' R., 130 

Wortliington, Daniel 287 

Wright, John, 223 

Wyatt, B., 96, 114 

Wyatt, Elizabeth 86, *92, 277 

Yarnall. Mordecai 70, *87, 

110, 111, 127, 152, 171, 177, 
188, 193, 195, 204, 207, 232, 

236, 271 314 

Yates, Anne, 26 

Yates, Wniiam, 26 

Yellow fever, ..106, 111, 114, 342 

York, 153, 335 

Zachary, Lloyd, 269 

Zane, Isaac, see Isaac Lane. 

Deacidified using the Bookkeeper process. 
Neutralizing Agent: Magnesium Oxide 
Treatment Date: 

; / 1998 


1 1 1 Thomson Park Dnve 
Cranberry Township, PA 16066 



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