OLD SIXTH REGIMENT
IN 1861, 1862, 1863, AND 18ul
CONTAINING THE HISTORY OF THE SEVERAL COMPANIES PREVIOUS
TO 1861, AND THE NAME AND MILITARY RECORD OF EACH
MAN CONNECTED WITH THE REGIMENT
DURING THE WAR.
By JOHN W. HANSON, Chaplain.
US fy. A -r.l> BY , ^IIS.
LEE AND SHEPARD.
Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1865, by
JOHN W. HANSON,
In the Clerk s Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.
T> A K I y AND M E T C A
DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLUSTRATIONS.
THE FRONTISPIECE. At the top of the page is a photograph of NEFP-
HAM, and under him is his monument in Lawrence. On the left hand is
WHITNEY, on the right is LADD, with the Lowell monument between.
COL. JONES, HIS FIELD AND STAFF. Dr. Paine occupies the upper left-
hand corner; Lizzie Jones, the Daughter of the Regiment, is next; and Q.
M. Monroe is next. Below Dr. Paine, is Lieut.-Col. Watson; Col. Jone.- is
next; and Maj. Sawtell is next. On the lower left-hand corner is Dr.
Smith; Adj. Farr is next to him; and Chaplain Babbidge is on the right-
hand lower corner.
COL. FOLLANSBEE, HIS FIELD AND STAFF. Dr. Sargent is at the top
of the page; Q. M. Coburn is below on the left of him. Dr. Pinkham, on
right of him ; and Q. M. Farrar, immediately under him. On the left,
under Q. M. Coburn, is Maj. Allen; and on the right is Adj. Coleman.
Col. Follansbee fills the centre of the picture, Dr. Burnham on the right,
and Chaplain Hanson on the left. Lt.-Col. Beal is below Col. Follansbee,
on the left of the page, and Maj. Stott on the right. Immediately under
the colonel, is Q. M. Wise. Dr. Humphrey is on the left-hand lower
comer, and Dr. Bass on the right-hand lower corner.
THE author has endeavored to keep pace with the rapid
changes that have taken place during the progress of these
pages through the press ; and he believes he has recorded
most of those relating to the members of the regiment.
The rosters have been shown to a large number of officers
and men, and he has sought to make them as complete as
possible. He has given a plain, unvarnished account of
the adventures of the regiment during its three campaigns ;
and he believes that it is as nearly a literal record of the
transactions it professes to narrate as it is possible to write.
Nothing has been omitted that the most careful inquiry
could elicit, and no attempt has been made to exercise the
imagination. He sends his sketch forth, commending it,
with his best wishes, to those whose acquaintance and
friendship he will ever value, the present and past mem
THE SIXTH REGIMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEERS.
Cjxe Cjim Hl0ni|js Campaign.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
N the history of the greatest, as well as most
groundless, rebellion that ever convulsed the
earth, the part performed by the Sixth Regi
ment of Massachusetts Volunteers will always
occupy an honorable place ; for it was fortunate
enough to furnish the first hero-martyrs to lay
down their lives for their country, and to stand at the
head of the long, bright roll inscribed with the names
of the brave men who have sealed their patriotism
with their blood, during the tremendous civil strife of
1861-5. This honor should not, however, be ascribed
to its mere good fortune ; for it was an exalted, patriotic
zeal and fervor that impelled it to be first, rather than
any stroke of luck, that placed the name of the regi
ment on so bright a page of its country s history.
THEE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Many of its members had long cherished the military
spirit, and that, too, at a time when that spirit was nearly
dead in Massachusetts ; and some of the company organ
izations were among the earliest formed in the State, and
had for years been the propagating nurseries of that pa
triotism which rallied to the defence of Constitutional Lib
erty and Law, when they were assailed by traitors. It
was the drill in quiet times ; the holiday show which
evoked the derision of the philanthropist, and the op
position of the advocate of peace ; the parade and mus
ter, on which too many looked as the mere entertainment
Of a day, of no practical utility ; it was this that pre
pared, and had in readiness, the men and the arms, and
the needed skill, when the occasion called for their use
in the stern work of actual service.
At such a time, when the military spirit had nearly
died out in the State ; when the militia of Massachusetts
was about obsolete, and the soldier in uniform was looked
upon by thousands as a mere popinjay, half fuss and half
feathers, one far-seeing man, in whose prophetic mind the
events of the near and fast-approaching figure had begun
to shape themselves, commenced to revive the State mil-
itary ; and by his influence as chief executive, and, also,
through the legislature and the people, he resurrected the
militia system, and gave it new vitality and force. And it
is largely to the influence of Gov. N. P. BANKS, that we
owe the re-organization and efficiency of that system that
was in comparative readiness, when the great occasion
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 11
called for it, to stand between the Government and trea
son, the country and its enemies.
As will be seen in the course of the following pages,
the regiment whose history is here chronicled occupies
its distinguished position because it had given heed to
the injunction of the Father of his Country, and had, in
time of peace, prepared for war. It was owing to the
cultivation of the military spirit through the previous
years, that it was ready when the great emergency came.
THE FIRST BLOW STRUCK.
The latent treason that had been ripening its poison
for forty years in the southern portion of the Republic,
on the election of Abraham Lincoln to the Presidency of
the United States proceeded to overt rebellion. It was
confined to resolutions and words, until April 12, 1861,
when it assaulted the flag of the country. The telegraph
flashed the tidings as soon as the act was perpetrated ; so
that on the same day that the guns of South Carolina
were turned on the gallant garrison in Fort Sumter,
they found echoes in twenty million loyal hearts. The
anxiety and excitement that everywhere prevailed were
terrible. A handful of soldiers had been forced to sur
render to thousands of traitors, and the entire people
were resolved to punish the perpetrators to the bitter
end. Civil war was inaugurated; and the President
called for a special session of Congress, and for seventy-
12 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
five thousand men to " rally round the flag," and rush to
the defence of their country and government. The re
sponse was magnificent. The plough, the loom, the ledger,
the bar, the pulpit, all the avocations of ordinary life,
were abandoned ; and men of all conditions and circum
stances flew to arms, and gave their cheerful response
to the call of the nation s Chief Magistrate.
First to offer its services ; first to reach its State s
capital ; first to reach the nation s capital ; first to in
flict suffering on traitors ; first to attest its sincerity with
its blood, was the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment of
When it seemed probable to far-seeing men that there
would be trouble with the refractory spirits in the South,
and while the most of people did not foresee the coming
storm, a meeting was called at the suggestion of Maj. Gen.
B. F. Butler, of the officers of the regiment, to arrange for
future contingencies. It was held in the American
House, Lowell, January 21, 1861. At that meeting,
Major B. F. Watson presented a resolution, pledging the
services of the regiment to the Government ; and the
proposition received the unanimous support of the officers.
It was carried to Boston by Gen. Butler, who was then
in the Massachusetts Senate, and was by him read in the
Legislature. The resolution reads as follows :
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 13
Resolved, That Col. Jones be authorized and requested, forth
with, to tender the services of the Sixth Regiment to the Com-
inander-in-Chief and Legislature, when such service may be
come desirable, for the purposes contemplated in General Order
This was probably the first act of the volunteer militia
of the country to meet the approaching strife.
The readiness of the regiment to meet the danger
thrust upon the nation is largely, perhaps entirely, due to
Gen. Butler s sagacity. When the time comes to write
the history of the war, his name will fill a space second
to that occupied by but few others. In devotedness to
his country, in fertility of resources to overcome new and
trying emergencies, in complete success where most
would have failed, Gen. Butler has had no superior, ff he
has had an equal.
RESPONSE TO THE CALL.
When at length the call came, telegrams and expresses
flew to all parts of the command, notifying the members
of the regiment ; some of the officers Col. Jones
among them riding all night on their patriotic errands.
The " Middlesex villages and farms " then heard the
pounding of hoofs and the alarum cry of danger, as in
the olden time they had listened to the midnight ride of
Paul Revere. The official call came April 15th, as fol
14 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS,
ADJUTANT GENERAL S OFFICE, Boston, April 15, 1861.
Sir, I am directed by His Excellency the Commander-in
Chief to order you to muster your regiment on Boston Common,
forthwith, in compliance with a requisition made by the President
of the United States. The troops are to go to Washington.
By order of His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief.
WM. SCHOULER, Adjutant General.
The members of the regiment, when its numbers were
fully made up, were scattered over four counties, Mid
dlesex, Essex, Suffolk and Worcester, and in more
than thirty towns ; and yet, with but few hours notice,
the bulk of them mustered early on the morning of the
16th, and the rest within a few hours after, making in
all about seven hundred men and officers, ready at this
first call to don the armor of actual war.
The Groton, Acton, and Lawrence companies received
most enthusiastic farewells, the whole of those communi
ties, indeed, being roused to the intensest pitch of excite
ment ; and bidding good-by to their friends, they hast
ened to the rendezvous in Lowell, where, with the four
Lowell companies, they made up the original Sixth.
Lawrence manifested its patriotism in manifold ways.
On the departure of the two Lawrence companies, the
city government made an appropriation of five thousand
dollars towards the assistance of the members, and the
comfort of their families ; spontaneous mass meetings
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 15
were held, attended by the people, and addressed by the
clergy and the principal citizens ; and resolutions were
passed, approving the action of the city government,
and pledging the entire resources of the city in aid of
the war. The first meeting held after the fall of Sumter
was organized by the choice of Hon. Artemus Harmon,
President ; Dr. S. Sargent, Hon. Albert Warren, Hon.
Daniel Saunders, Jr., Major B. F. Watson, Levi P.
Wright, John C. Hoadley, N. W. Harmon, Geo. S. Mer
rill, Geo. W. Hills, and Lamson Rice, Vice Presidents ;
and E. T. Colby and John K. Tarbox, Esqs., Secretaries.
The spirit that animated the people was one that will ever
honor the city in the minds of all who hereafter shall read
that page in her history.
As the companies left for Lowell, the enthusiasm of the
people knew no bounds. The day was cold and dismal ;
rain and sleet were falling : but the multitude of the
population attended the companies to the cars ; and, at the
station, the largest crowd ever seen in the city bade them
God-speed with tears and prayers.
When the regiment had assembled in Huntington
Hall, Rev. Amos Blanchard, D. D., read the Eightieth
Psalm, after which addresses of a patriotic character
were made by the Mayor, Hon. B. C. Sargent, A. R.
Brown, Esq., T. H. Sweetzer, Esq., Capt. Peter Hag-
gerty, Hon. Linus Child, Col. G. F. Sawtell, and Hon.
Tappan Wentworth. All party divisions and distinctions
were abandoned ; and those who, during subsequent
16 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
stages of the struggle, endeavored to embarrass the Gov
ernment, were prompt to urge the citizen soldiery to rally
to the capital.
Future generations will find it difficult to imagine the
excitement that pervaded all classes and conditions of
this portion of the people of the old Bay State. The
fires that burned at Concord and Lexington, in the days
of 76, had only been smouldering, and they flashed with
all their old brightness at the first demonstration of armed
rebellion. After the eight companies had been addressed
by Hon. B. -C. Sargent, Mayor of Lowell, and as they
were departing, the entire population of that busy city
thronged after them. Never did that city know a sensa
tion more profound.
Men in all positions encouraged those who went.
Money was contributed by the wealthy ; professional men
proffered their services gratuitously ; and the soldiers and
their families became objects of the tender regard of all.
Mayor Sargent, on his own authority, assured the sol
diers, ere they departed, that they and their families
should be cared for by the city ; and the city government
promptly responded by unanimously voting eight thou
sand dollars, to be used for that purpose, by a joint com
mittee. Sacrifices were made by men and officers, such
as might, before the fact, have been deemed impossible.
Not only, like their revolutionary ancestry, did they leave
the plough in the furrow^ but business and professional
men, without a moment s hesitation, abandoned every
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 17
prospect and engagement. Many instances might be
given. Major Watson had but two hours notice ; but
he locked the door of his law office, leaving a large
docket to look out for itself, and most important business
interests, and for four months saw and knew nothing of
them. Nor was he alone. Lucrative positions, profita
ble professional pursuits of the most important character,
were counted as nothing, and were abandoned as cheer
fully and with as noble a spirit as men ever carried into
their country s defence. In the uniforms of privates
stood many qualified to grace any station in life, the
peers of any in high official position, who had forsaken
places of great emolument for a soldier s poor remunera
In Boston, excited thousands escorted them to Faneuil
and Boylston Halls, and, on the next day, to the State
House ^ where they exchanged their old muskets for the
modern rifle, and where they were addressed by Gov.
Andrew in language glowing with patriotic fervor, and
full of faith in their efforts to sustain the government.
He then presented the regimental colors to Col. Jones.
On presenting the flag, Gov. Andrew said :
Soldiers, summoned suddenly, with but a moment for prepara
tion, we have done all that lay in the power of men to do, all
that rested in the power of your State Government to do, to pre
pare the citizen soldiers of Massachusetts for this service. We
shall follow you with our benedictions, our benefactions, and
prayers. Those whom you leave behind } - ou we shall cherish in
18 THE THREE M o N T H s CAMPAIGN.
our heart of hearts. You carry with you our utmost faith and
confidence. We know that you never will return until you can
bring the assurances that the utmost duty has been performed,
which brave and patriotic men can accomplish. This flag, sir,
take and bear with you. It will be an emblem on which all eyes
will rest, reminding you always of that which you are bound to
hold most dear.
In reply, Col. Jones said :
Your Excellency, you have given to me this flag, which is the
emblem of all that stands before you. It represents my whole
command ; and so help me God, I will never disgrace it !
Before leaving the city, the youthful daughter of the
colonel, Lizzie Clawson Jones, was adopted as Daughter
of the Regiment.
During the day, the companies from Worcester, Stone-
ham, and Boston joined the regiment, attached to
other regiments in the organization of the State militia, but
detached from their own regiments for that purpose ;
and, at seven in the evening, they took up their line of
march for the Worcester depot, where the cars were
taken for Washington. Along the route, the firing of
cannon, ringing of bells, shouts of people, and all possible
demonstrations of applause, were heard ; and at Worces
ter, the military, fire-department, and thousands of peo
ple, lined the track as the train passed along. In New
York, the streets were literally packed with soldiers and
people to honor them. At noon, the 18th, they left
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 19
the city, via Jersey City, at which place, and all through
New Jersey, similar crowds attended them, making their
entire journey one grand ovation, such as no regiment
ever before received. At Philadelphia, beyond all other
places, their reception was enthusiastic. So dense were
the crowds, that the regiment could only move through
the streets by the flank. The officers were sumptuously
entertained at the Continental Hotel ; and the soldiers
were quartered at the Girard House, then new, and en
tirely empty and unfurnished. Worn out with the fatigue
and excitement of two days, they were glad to spread
their blankets for the soldier s great blessing, sleep.
FIRST NOTE OP ALARM.
The regiment had scarcely retired to rest in Philadel
phia, when the long roll sounded, and they were obliged
to turn out, leaving Philadelphia at one o clock, A. M.,
April 19, to write the first bloody line in the history of
the sanguinary war, the opening scenes of which were
distinguished by some of those singular coincidences that
have been numerous in its progress. If it had been in
the power of the government, for dramatic and patriotic
effect, to arrange the programme in the best possible
manner, could any other day have been so propitious for
treason to strike down its first victims, as the anniversary
of the day, on which was
" Fired that shot heard round the world "
20 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
at Lexington, April 19, 1775 ? And is it not remark
able, that some of the descendants of the very men who
then shed their blood in the beginning of the first great
war for independence, should have been the first to fall
in the last, and that, too, on the same immortal day ?
The nineteenth of April will, hereafter, unite Lexington
and Baltimore on the page of American history; for
each begun a long and bloody war, and Middlesex county
was represented in both conflicts.
The regimental dress at this time was far from "uni
form." Each company was literally an independent one
in apparel. Company A had changed its name to the
National Greys, and its uniforms were being made ; but
they were unfinished, and they left for Washington with
blue frocks and black pantaloons, tall round caps, and
white pompons. Company B wore the United States
regulation uniform ; that is, dark blue frocks, and light
blue trowsers. Company C wore gray dress coats, caps,
and pantaloons, and trimmings yellow. Company D, the
same as C, with buff trimmings. E and F were dressed
like B ; and G wore blue dress coats. Company H, gray
throughout. Company I, caps, and dark blue frocks and
red pants, in the French style. Company K wore gray ;
and company L was dressed in blue.
At the instance of Gen. Butler, Gov. Andrew provided
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 21
all with excellent gray overcoats, so that quite an ap
pearance of uniformity was preserved.
Before coming home, however, they were furnished
with a sort of Zouave suit, consisting of gray voltigeur
jackets, single-breasted, with full trowsers, and Fez caps
with dark tassels for fatigue, and gray hats turned up at
the side, with red trimmings, for " dress." Some of the
boys thought there was a march of two or three hours
inside their trowsers legs. The officers wore the Mas
sachusetts State uniform, dark blue frocks, light blue
trowsers, with broad white stripes on the sides.
The adoption of gray by the rebels, gradually induced
our soldiers to wear the old national color, blue, until it
was compelled by army regulations.
While the soldiers were seeking repose, Col. Jones
had a conference with Brig. Gen. P. S. Davis, of the
First Brigade, Massachusetts Militia (afterwards colonel
of the 39th Massachusetts, killed at Petersburg, July
11, 1864), who had been sent forward by Gov. Andrew,
to arrange subsistence and transportation, and who had
heard the most exciting rumors and threats from Balti
more. Gen. Davis related them to Col. Jones, and also
the opinions of prominent Philadelphians, as well as his
own, that there would be a stormy time of it when the
regiment should reach the Monumental City; and he
22 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
declined to take the responsibility of ordering the regi
ment either to go on, or to wait further information.
Col. Jones reply was, "My orders are to reach Washing
ton at the earliest possible moment, and I shall go on."
Gen. Davis, extending his hand, replied, " Colonel, if you
go on, I shall go with you." The only fear Col. Jones
expressed, in continuing the conference, was, that the
train might be destroyed by an obstruction on the track,
or by the destruction of a bridge, causing a wholesale
slaughter, for which the friends of the regiment would
hold him responsible; but he added, "My orders are
peremptory, and, whatever may be the consequences, I
These officers then went to the depot of the Phila
delphia and Baltimore R. R., and had an interview with
Hon. S. M. Felton, President of the road, and arranged
that he should despatch a pilot engine, in advance of the
train, and take every precaution to avoid a casualty.
Then the regiment was aroused ; and all possible care was
taken in embarking the men, so that, if called upon to de
bark suddenly, they would be in regimental line. The
car containing the field and staff was at the head of the
train. At Havre-de-Grace, the cars were not run off
the ferry-boat in the order in which they went on, and
the train for the rest of the way, of course, did not con
vey the regiment in its proper order. This derange
ment, as will be seen subsequently, changed the fate of
men, conferring the laurel crown of martyrdom on those
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 23
who otherwise would have lost that distinguished honor.
Man proposes ; God disposes.
Company K, Captain Sampson, was to have had the
left, and thus, with Major Watson, would have had the
post of honor, but for the derangement at Havre-de-
Grace, which misplaced the companies, so that, on their
arrival in Baltimore, company D occupied the position
of company K, and company L, which belonged on the
right, was transferred to the left. Thus the projected
programme was broken up, so that, on a sudden call, con
fusion would be sure to ensue. This derangement does
not seem to have been observed; for, on debarking, Maj.
Watson took his position with company K, supposing he
was with the extreme left of the battalion.
ARRIVAL IN BALTIMORE.
At every station, communication was had with the
railroad officials in Baltimore and constant assurance
was received, that there would be no trouble unless the
regiment provoked it. Orders were therefore given to
the band, to confine their music to tunes that would not
be likely to give offence, especially avoiding the popular
air, "Dixie." Quartermaster Munroe distributed twenty
rounds of ball cartridges ; and Col. Jones went through
the cars, issuing an order, that the regiment should
march across Baltimore in column of sections. The reg
iment here loaded and capped their rifles. As soon as
24 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
the cars reached the station, the engine was unshackled,
horses were hitched to the cars, and they were drawn
rapidly away. Col. Jones was unacquainted with this
practice of drawing the cars across the city by horses,
and supposed that they had not yet reached the Balti
more station, but that when it was reached, his march
would commence. He had not the remotest idea that
the cars were thus to be drawn across the city, or he
would have compelled them to stop, and have carried out
his programme. The railroad authorities had not con
sulted him, but made unusual haste, in order to get
across at that early hour, before the mob would be ready
to do violence, for the regiment was not expected until
about noon. At that time there was no crowd in the
streets, and the whole appearance of the city was un
usually quiet. The early arrival of the regiment, at
about 10 o clock, A. M., evidently took the people by
surprise.* Of course, under these circumstances, the
programme could not be changed, and the cars rapidly
followed each other, all but one arriving without particu
* Chaplain Babbidge was subsequently in a reading-room in Annapo
lis, and heard one member of the Maryland Legislature accuse another
of employing a steamboat load of " roughs " to go to Baltimore, and help
destroy the Sixth Massachusetts ; and, in the conversation that followed, it
appeared that this gang, and many others, were defeated in their plans by
the early morning arrival of the regiment. There can be no doubt that a
later hour would have made sad work for them.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 25
Some slight demonstrations were made on one or two
of the cars containing the fifth and sixth companies ; but
nothing like an attack was made until the seventh car
Major Watson, as he had been ordered, just before
reaching Baltimore, repaired to the left, company K,
Captain Sampson, to see the rear of the battalion across
the city. He took his position ; and as he was about
ordering those in the car, some fifty guns, to debark,
standing on the ground himself for that purpose, the
cars in advance were set in motion, and whisked away
as by magic, across the city, and in a moment his own
car started, which he thought was the last one, containing
as it did, the left of the regiment. He, of course, could
only spring aboard, and follow the rest of the regiment.
It was no sooner started, than it was attacked by clubs,
paving-stones, and other missiles. The men were very
anxious to fire on their assailants ; but Maj. Watson for
bade them, until they should be attacked by fire-arms.
One or two soldiers were wounded by paving-stones and
bricks; and at length one man s thumb was shot, when,
holding the wounded hand up to the major, he asked
leave to fire in return. Orders were then given to lie
on the bottom of the car and load, and rising, to fire
from the windows at will. These orders were promptly
26 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
In the passage across the city, the car was three times
thrown from the track ; Maj. Watson each time getting
out, and compelling the driver to assist in removing ob
structions, and getting in motion again.
Referring to the roster of company K, the reader will
see the names of the first men who were wounded in
this war, four in number. Moving with as much ra
pidity as possible, and receiving an occasional musket or
pistol shot, or a shower of rocks and bricks, the car
reached the main body of the regiment, when all were
surprised to learn that the change of cars at the ferry
had left a portion of the regiment still behind. Here
they halted until the four companies arrived from their
perilous march across the city.
By the time the rear car had arrived, an immense
and increasing crowd had gathered. The police were
present in force, and requested Col. Jones to order the
blinds of the cars drawn, and the regiment to avoid any
movement to excite the mob. The cars ceased arriving;
and Wm. P. Smith, Superintendent of the Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad, informed the commander that the
track was so obstructed across the city, that the four
companies still behind could not be drawn across ; but
he said, " If you will send an order for them to march
across, I will deliver it." He passed Col. Jones a rail
road blank, on the back of which he wrote in pencil, "To
the officer in command of detachment of Sixth Massa
chusetts Regiment : you will march to this place as
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 27
quick as possible ; follow the railroad track." This order
was never delivered. In a few minutes, Hon. Thomas
Garrett, President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad,
came to Col. Jones, saying, "Your soldiers are firing
upon the people in the streets." " Then," said the com
mander, " they have been fired upon first." " No, they
have not," was the response. Col. Jones returned,
" My men are disciplined : my orders were strict, and I
believe they have been implicitly obeyed." Events
proved him correct.
Meanwhile, the remaining four companies found that
the rails were so torn up, and the streets so barricaded,
that the cars could not go on ; and they debarked, and
formed to march on foot, the mob, which had been ac
cumulating until it must have reached many thousands,
filling the streets as far as the eye could see.
Capt. Follansbee, at the desire of the other officers,
and agreeably to his own wishes, took the command.
There were but about two hundred arid twenty in the col
umn; and the mob soon reached ten thousand, at least.
The air was filled with yells, oaths, taunts, all sorts of
missiles, and soon pistol and musket shots ; and Capt.
Follansbee gave the order to fire at will. But few of the
crowd were on the front of the column, but they pressed
on the flank and rear more and more furiously. At one
28 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
of the bridges in Pratt Street, a formidable barricade,
with cannon to sweep the streets, not quite ready for
service, had been arranged. Here the mob supposed that
the column would be obliged to halt ; but Capt. Fol-
lansbee ordered his command to scale the barricade. Be
fore the ruffians could follow over the bridge, or run
around to intercept them, the soldiers had succeeded in
getting quite a distance up Pratt Street. Had they
been compelled to halt at the bridge, it is probable that
the small detachment would have been annihilated ; for
arms were multiplying among their assailants, and they
were becoming more furious every moment. Cheers for
" Jeff Davis," and for " South Carolina, and the South ; "
all sorts of insulting language, such as "Dig your
graves ! " " You can pray, but you cannot fight ! " and
the like, were heard; but the little battalion went
steadily ahead, with no thought of turning back.
As the gallant detachment passed along Pratt Street,
pistols and guns were fired at them from the windows
and doors of stores and houses ; and our boys, getting
a little accustomed to the strange circumstances in which
they were placed, loaded their guns as they marched,
dragging them between their feet, and, whenever they
saw a hostile demonstration, they took as good aim as
they could, and fired. There was no platoon firing what
ever. At one place, at an upper window, a man was in
the act of firing, when a rifle ball suggested to him the
propriety of desisting, and he came headlong to the side-
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 29
walk. And thus the men, whose rare good fortune it
was to contribute the first instalment of blood to pay the
price of our redemption,* hurried along their way. They
were hampered by their orders to fire as little as pos
sible ; they were anxious to get to the capital, even then
supposed to be in danger ; they were separated from the
larger part of the regiment, and knew not where their
comrades were ; and thus assaulted on each side, and by
all sorts of weapons and missiles, they kept on their
way, loading and firing at will, marching the entire dis
tance, a mile and a half, bearing several of their
wounded with them, and reached the station, and joined
the rest of the regiment.
When the four companies reached the rest of the com
mand at the Washington depot, an immense crowd sur
rounded them ; and rushing towards the car windows,
they brandished revolvers, knives, clubs, and other
weapons, in angry fury, and with fearful shouts and
yells and curses ; the police having and many of them
caring to have no power to stay the tumult.
The column proceeded in the following order : C at
the head, I next, then L, and D last. The colors were
with the platoon under command of Lieut. Lynde, of
company L. After having marched about two squares,
the order to double-quick was given, and the rear of the
column, somewhat separated from the head, was more
and more fiercely assailed, and L and D were mingled
* " Without the shedding of blood is no remission." See Heb. ix. 22.
30 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
together. Captain Dike was wounded, and left behind ;
and being too far in the rear to see his superior officer,
Lieut. Lynde, in the exercise of his discretion, gave the
order to fire on the mob.
His orders were to escort the band across the city ;
but, being unarmed, they refused to leave the station, and
he left without them, keeping near the gallant bearer of
the flag till the cars were reached, when tearing it from
the staff, which could not conveniently be got into the
cars, it was carried in safety to Washington, and now
hangs in the State House in Boston.
In a private communication to me, Col. Jones says,
" Capt. Follansbee proved himself worthy of the con
fidence which I had always placed in him, and never
after, while under my command, did he do aught to sac
rifice one particle of the esteem and respect I entertained
for him." It was rare good fortune that gave Capt. Fol
lansbee this opportunity, to which he was fully equal.
There were other officers in the regiment who would
have given the best ten years of their lives, to have had
the same privilege.
Arrived at the station, officers and men were tried se
verely. They burned to avenge the wounds and death
of their comrades, arid were exasperated to the utmost ;
but the orders to hasten to Washington were strict and
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 31
imperative, and the city authorities were urging the de
parture of the regiment ; the mob meanwhile becoming
more and more furious. The president of the road said,
" For God s sake, colonel, do give orders to start the
train, or you will never get out of the city, for they are
already tearing up the track." Knowing the temper of
his officers, Col. Jones dared not consult them, fearing
that their voice would be, under such circumstances, to
stay, and "fight it out on that line," notwithstanding
orders. Reluctantly the command was given to start, the
railroad authorities doing all in their power to assist, by
putting tools and workmen on board with them, who
would remove obstructions, and repair the road as the
train went slowly on. In refutation of aspersions, freely
indulged in at the time, concerning the managers of this
road, especially of Hon. Thomas W. Garrett, President,
and Wm. P. Smith, Master of Transportation, it is the
testimony of Col. Jones himself, that he ever found them
loyal gentlemen, anxious always to do all they could to
serve the interests of the government, during four months
of intercourse between them and the regiment.
Seeing the train about to start, the mob ran on ahead,
and placed telegraph poles, anchors, etc., on the track.
The train moved a short distance and stopped ; a rail
had been removed ; it was replaced, and the cars went
on ; stopped again, the road was repaired, and the
train went on again ; stopped again, and the conductor
reported to the colonel that it was impossible to proceed,
32 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
that the regiment must march to Washington. Col.
Jones replied, "We are ticketed through, and are going
in these cars. If you or the engineer cannot run the
train, we have plenty of men who can. If you need
protection or assistance, you shall have it ; but we go
The crowd went on for some miles out, as far as Jack
son Bridge, near Chinkapin Hill, and the police followed,
removing obstructions ; and at several places shots were
exchanged. At length, they reached the Relay House,
where the double track ended, and where they waited
two hours and long hours they were for a train
from Washington that had the right of way ; and at length
started again, reaching Washington late in the afternoon.
Maj. M Dowell, since Maj. Gen. M Dowell, of Gen.
Scott s staff, was in waiting at the station to receive
TESTIMONY OF BALTIMOREANS.
The loyal men of Baltimore, many of whom saw the
whole transaction, and endeavored to assist the volunteers
as far as possible, and who were of great service, speak
in the highest terms of the conduct of the four companies,
officers and men, declaring that they bore themselves
with rare coolness and courage, and elicited the admira
tion of all who saw them, who were not infuriated with
rage against them. Hundreds might have been killed,
had the mob been promiscuously fired at.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 33
Fireside critics, fighting chimney-corner campaigns,
have said that the fatal mistake was in allowing the regi
ment to remain packed in cars, and drawn by horses, in
single companies, across the city, when an attack was
anticipated ; and that it was manifestly the duty of the
regiment to march, instead of riding, and thus be ready
at all points ; but it should be considered that then the
whole thing w r as new, and was met very differently to
what it would be now ; and the misapprehensions to which
reference has been made, explain such criticisms away.
The events that have since transpired were not antici
pated ; for that madness that has since prevailed, and
destroyed its victims, was scarcely considered possible.
THE FEELING NORTH.
Only they who remember those times will ever be able
to imagine the sensation caused by the news of this trans
action. Massachusetts, especially, was stirred from Es
sex to Berkshire, and it would have been easy to raise
men enough to lay Baltimore in ashes ; and had the ex
istence of that city proved a permanent impediment to
the passage of loyal troops to the capital, it would have
been destroyed. Throughout the North, the determina
tion was all but universal to make a highway " through
Baltimore " to Washington. " Through Baltimore " be
came a rallying cry, until it was settled that the Monu-
34 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
mental City its " roughs," who had always disgraced
it, emptied into the rebel army had become loyal and
true to the Union.
Gov. Andrew immediately transmitted the following
characteristic despatch to the Mayor of Baltimore :
To His HONOR THE MAYOR :
I pray you to cause the bodies of our Massachusetts soldiers,
dead in Baltimore, to be immediately laid out, preserved with ice,
and tenderly sent forward by express to me. All expenses will
be paid by this Commonwealth.
JOHN A. ANDREW,
Governor of Massachusetts.
Mayor Geo. Wm. Brown, of Baltimore, responded to
Gov. Andrew; and, in the course of his despatch, he
alluded to the passage of our troops through Baltimore
as an invasion of the soil of Maryland ; declaring, how
ever, that the dead and wounded should be tenderly
cared for, and that " Baltimore would claim it as her
right to pay all expenses incurred."
Gov. Andrew responded by saying :
I appreciate your kind attention to our wounded and our dead,
and trust that at the earliest moment the remains of our fallen
will return to us. I am overwhelmed with surprise that a peace
ful march of American citizens over the highway to the defence
of our common capital, should be deemed aggressive to Baltimo-
reans. Through New York the march was triumphant.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 35
Alluding to the .touching use of the word " tenderly "
in the governor s despatch, the New York " Times " elo
quently said :
Few men can read it without tears. Yes, those bodies, bat
tered and bruised by the brutal mob, are sacred. " Tenderly " is
not too gentle a word to be used for the care of them. Yes, bear
their bodies " tenderly " ; they are more sacred than the relics of
the saints. Wherever they pass, let the nation s flag, which they
died to defend, wave over them ; let cannon thunder the martial
honor, and let women and children come to drop a tear over the
Massachusetts dead, who died for Country and Liberty.
Never was exhortation better heeded, or less needed.
It were worth an early death to receive such veneration
from the people. Everywhere tears and admiration, and
love too deep for tears, were poured out ; and from their
silent lips came such inspirations to patriotism as roused
thousands of hearts to rush to battle, to avenge their
deaths. Living, they were brave and true ; but, dying,
their blood baptized many an otherwise indifferent one to
deeds of devotion to country that have since been chron
icled, and that will be rehearsed by grateful generations
THE KILLED AND WOUNDED.
There were four men killed and fifteen wounded in the
regiment ; and loyal men in Baltimore, who were careful
to collect all the facts as far as possible, are of the opin-
36 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
ion that about one hundred of the mob were killed by the
guns of our soldiers. About a thousand rounds of am
munition were fired ; and, considering the size of the tar
get, it is probable that the estimate is not far from the
truth. The company rosters present the names of the
CONDUCT OF THE COLORED PEOPLE.
On that day the colored people began that kindness
to the " Yankee soldiers " which they uniformly mani
fested during the war. A short time after the regiment
had returned, one of the soldiers, who was wounded on
the 19th, was in the State House, when he recognized a
colored man who had ministered to his wants, and whose
wife had torn up her under-garments to bind his wounds.
Being a slave, he embraced the opportunity to flee from
bondage, and related many incidents illustrative of the
kindness of the slave for our wounded soldiers. At one
place, afraid to be seen, colored women threw down from
the windows of houses such articles as were needed by
LOYAL MEN OF BALTIMORE.
Among the loyal men of Baltimore who employed ev
ery exertion to assist our wounded, William Robinson,
Esq., 79 Camden Street, Mass. State Agent during the
war, should be mentioned as one who was untiring in their
behalf. He was a native of Wilmington, Del., but had
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 37
resided in Baltimore for thirty years ; and he expressed
the undoubted truth to Col. Jones, when, deploring the
calamity of the 19th, he said that two thirds of the people
of the city were loyal to the government. To the exer
tions of such men oar wounded were greatly indebted,
and to their efforts should largely be attributed the
speedy vindication and redemption of Baltimore and
Maryland from the iron rule of secessionists.
COL. JONES OFFICIAL REPORT.
Col. Jones, in his official report to Maj. William H.
Clemence, Maj. Gen. B. F. Butler s Adjutant, dated in
Washington, 22d April, says :
* * * After leaving Philadelphia, I received intimation that
our passage through the city of Baltimore would be resisted. I
caused ammunition to be distributed, and arms loaded ; and went
personally through the cars, and issued the following order, viz. :
" The regiment will march through Baltimore in column of sec
tions, arms at will. You will undoubtedly be insulted, abused, and
perhaps assaulted, to which you must pay no attention whatever ;
but march with your faces square to the front, and pay no attention
to the mob, even if they throw stones, bricks, or other missiles ;
but if you are fired upon, and any one of you is hit, your officers
will order you to fire. Do not fire into any promiscuous crowds ;
but select any man whom you see aiming at you, and be sure you
Reaching Baltimore, horses were attached the instant that the
locomotive was detached, and the cars were driven at a rapid pace
38 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
across the city. After the cars containing seven companies had
reached the Washington depot, the track behind them was barri
caded, and the cars containing the band and the following com
panies, viz. : company C, of Lowell, Capt. Follansbee ; company
D, of Lowell, Capt. Hart ; company I, of Lawrence, Capt. Pick
ering ; and company L, of Stoneham, Capt. Dike, were vacated ;
and they proceeded to march in accordance with orders, and had
proceeded but a short distance before they were furiously attacked
by a shower of missiles, which came faster as they advanced. They
increased their step to double-quick, which seemed to infuriate
the mob, as it evidently impressed them with the idea that the
soldiers dared not fire, or had no ammunition ; and pistol-shots
were numerously fired into the ranks, and one soldier fell dead.
The order, " Fire ! " was given, and it was executed ; in conse
quence, several of the mob fell, and the soldiers again advanced
hastily. The Mayor of Baltimore placed himself at the head of
the column, beside Capt. Follansbee, and proceeded with them
a short distance, assuring him that he would protect them, and
begging him not to let the men fire ; but the mayor s patience
was soon exhausted, and he seized a musket from the hands of
one of the men, and killed a man therewith; and a policeman,
who was in advance of the column, also shot a man with a
They, at last, reached the cars, and they started immediately
for Washington. On going through the train, I found there were
about one hundred and thirty missing, including the band and
field music. Our baggage was seized, and we have not as yet
been able to recover any of it. I have found it very difficult to
get reliable information in regard to the killed and wounded.
As the men went into the cars, I caused the blinds to be
closed, and took every precaution to prevent any shadow ol
offence to the people of Baltimore ; but still the stones flew thick
and fast into the train, and it was with the utmost difficulty that I
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 39
could prevent the troops from leaving the cars, and revenging the
death of their comrades. * * *
EDWARD F. JONES,
Coi. Sixth Regt., M. V. M., in service of U. S.
WHY THE MOB WAS SO LENIENTLY TREATED.
Those who have since been made familiar with scenes
of war, and with the true method of dealing with such
men as those who intercepted the march of the Sixth,
might, at first thought, be surprised at the gentle treat
ment the mob received. But the regiment was anxious
to reach Washington, then supposed to be in imminent
danger ; and it was hoped that the demonstration in Bal
timore would not be serious. Besides, the people of the
North were trying conciliation. No blood had been
shed, and it was universally desired to treat Maryland
and other border states with all the forbearance pos
sible. The regiment had been drilled in street-firing,
and was amply able to strew the streets of Baltimore
with traitor dead ; and would have done so but for these
considerations. Place the same men under the same cir
cumstances to-day, and there would be grief in hundreds
of homes where one mourned on the 19th of April, 1861.
CAPT. FOLLANSBEE S ACCOUNT.
Capt. Follansbee, under date of Washington, April
20, wrote a letter to H. H. Wilder, Esq., of Lowell,
which embodies the observations of as cool a head arid
40 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
brave a heart as were among the two hundred heroes of
that day. He says :
We arrived in Baltimore about 10 o clock, A. M. The cars
are drawn through the city by horses. There were about thirty
cars in our train; there being, in addition to Col. Jones command,
about 1200 troops from Philadelphia, without uniforms or arms,
they intending to get them here. After we arrived, the cars were
taken, two at a time, and drawn to the depot at the lower part of
the city, a mob assaulting them all the way. The Lowell Me
chanic Phalanx car was the ninth ; and we waited till after the
rest had left, for our turn, till two men came to me and informed
me that I had better take my command, and march to the other
depot, as the mob had taken up the track to prevent the passage
of the cars. I immediately informed Capt. Pickering, of the Law
rence Light Infantry, and we filed out of the cars in regular
order. Capt. Hart s company, of Lowell, and Capt. Dike s, of
Stoneham, did the same, and formed on the sidewalk. The cap
tains consulted together, and decided that the command should
devolve upon me. I immediately took my position upon the
right, wheeled into column of sections, and requested them to
march in close order. Before we had started, the mob was upon
us, with a secession flag, attached to a pole, and told us we could
never march through that city. They would kill every " white
nigger " of us, before we could reach the other depot. I paid no
attention to them, but, after I had wheeled the battalion, gave the
order to march.
As soon as the order was given, the brick-bats began to fly
into our ranks from the mob. I called a policeman, and re
quested him to lead the way to the depot. He did so. After we
had marched about a hundred yards, we came to a bridge. The
rebels had torn up most of the planks. We had to play " Scotch
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 41
hop," to get over it. As soon as we had crossed the bridge, they
commenced to fire upon us from the street and houses. I ordered
the men to protect themselves ; and then we returned their fire,
and laid a great many of them away. I saw four fall on the
sidewalk at one time. They followed us up, and we fought our
way to the other depot, about one mile. They kept at us till
the cars started. Quite a number of the rascals were shot, after
we entered the cars. We went very slow, for we expected the
rails were torn up on the road.
I do not know how much damage we did. Report says,
about forty were killed, but I think that is exaggerated : still it
may be so. There is any quantity of them wounded. Quite
a number of horse,s were killed. The mayor of the city met
us almost half way. He said that there would be no trouble, and
that we could get through, and kept with me for about a hundred
yards; but the stones and balls whistled too near his head, and he
left, took a gun from one of my company, fired, and brought his
man down. That was the last I saw of him. We fought our way
to the cars, and joined Col. Jones, and the seven companies that
left us at the other end of the city ; and now we are here, every
man of the old Phalanx safe and sound, with the exception of
a few marks made by brick-bats, and all we want now is a chance
to go to Baltimore, and clean out all the roughs there. If Col.
Jones would march his command there, we would do it. There
are five or six of the regiment missing, and all of the band. I am
in hopes that most, if not all of them are alive. Where a man in
Baltimore showed his pistol, axe, or palmetto flag, he was about
sure to drop.
A. S. Young, a member of the band, after relating
that one of the musicians had left the car to consult with
Gen. Small, of the unarmed Pennsylvanians, says :
42 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
As he was returning, he was set upon, and driven into the car,
followed by a number of the roughs. We fought them off as long
as we could ; but coming thicker and faster, some crawling from
under the cars, others jumping from the tops, they forced their
way in, in spite of our utmost exertions. The door was then
partly thrown open by the exertions of our men inside, and
partly torn open by the mob outside ; and we attempted, by leap
ing from the car, and running in all directions, to escape from the
mob. We were obliged to leave everything behind. Music, in
struments, coats, caps, knapsacks, and haversacks. On our way
we saw squads of police, who took no notice of us, evidently
regarding the whole thing as a good joke. The writer of this saw
and spoke to two of them, and was told to " run run like the
devil ; " and he did. They could do nothing : they would take
care of our property, but could do nothing for us. After running
in this way for a half mile, as near as we could judge, we were en
countered by a party of women, partly Irish, partly German, and
some American, who took us into their houses, removed the
stripes from our pants, and we were furnished with old clothes of
every description for disguise. We were treated here as well as
we could have been in our own homes. Everything we wished
was furnished, and nothing would be taken therefor; but we
were told that it would be an insult to offer it.
Under the protection of four hundred policemen,
these unarmed musicians were able to reach the station,
and take the cars back to Philadelphia.
A GALLANT STANDARD-BEARER.
Timothy Crowley, the standard-bearer of the regi
ment, bore himself gallantly on that trying day. He
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 43
might have rolled up his colors, and have escaped the
position of prominence which otherwise would subject
him to the greatest danger. But, no ; he unfurled
them to the breeze, and bore them on, and, like the
white plume of Henry of Navarre, they became a guide
and inspiration. Without music, they could only look
on that, and follow where it led. All sorts of missiles
flew at him; but "left," "right," "left," "right," he
kept his face to the front, and his colors proudly flying,
and the detachment- attended it onward. The most con
spicuous object that day, his was courage of a high
order, that carried him on with proud defiance, and en
abled him to " stand by the flag," that he had sworn to
defend. Mr. Crowley afterwards distinguished himself,
as will be seen on a subsequent page.
The recipient of a splendid revolver, shortly after,
from the honorary members of the Watson Light Guard,
he returned a handsome acknowledgment, in the course
of which he said :
Thus far, I have only done what I deemed to be my duty,
in this hour of peril and treachery to our time-honored flag.
In the hour of adversity and oppression, that flag afforded a home
and protection to those whom I hold dearer than life itself, and I
trust that their descendant will not forget his duty, and help
to strike an effectual blow in defence of the laws and insti
tutions under and by which he has been nurtured into man
44 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
INCIDENTS ON THE MARCH.
Chaplain Babbidge relates that Crowley and his aids,
Marland and Stickney, were
The target for many a missile; for the mob knew that to
disgrace the regiment it was only necessary to down with the
standard. Paving-stones flew thick and fast, some just grazing
their heads, and some hitting the standard itself. One stone,
as large as a hat, struck Marland, just between the shoulders,
a terrible blow, and then rested on his knapsack. And yet he did
not budge. With a firm step, he went on, carrying the rock on
his knapsack for several yards, until one of the sergeants stepped
up and knocked it off.
Many hand-to-hand fights were had. As private Bry
ant, company C, was marching along in the ranks, he was
struck to the ground by a piece of plank, thrown from a
window. Lieut. Jepson stooped down to assist him to
his feet, when a gigantic rough seized him by his sword-
belt, and drew him into the crowd. Before he could ex
tricate himself his company was some ways off, and Lieut.
Jepson only got away by giving the fellow a blow, with
his sword, in the face. The weapon was a "regulation"
sword, more for ornament than use, or the brute s head
would have been cloven. The blow was hard enough,
however, to bathe the sword in blood ; and, as new and
better sabres were given to the officers on their arrival
in Washington, the blade was never cleansed, and the
traitor s blood remains to-day on the weapon, telling the
story of the conflict.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 45
As the column was moving on, a brawny rough
rushed out with a secession flag attached to a pole, calling
the Massachusetts men, "nigger thieves," and employing
other similar epithets, when Lieut. Lynde, of company
L, left his place, and driving the hilt of his sword
into his face, knocked him on his back. Then tearing
the" rag of treason from the stick to which it was at
tached, he buttoned it beneath his coat and resumed his
position with his company, as though nothing had occurred.
Victor Lorendo, a musician of company L, a boy of
seventeen, was in the car with the band, when the mob
burst into it, and he was just able to get under the train
and make his escape into the country, where, tearing
off the stripes from his pantaloons, so that he might
not be known, he succeeded in getting to Philadel
phia, and thence to Boston, incognito, whence he
walked out to Stoneham. He had been reported as dead.
Hiram P. Marston, of company L, since a gallant
captain in the Massachusetts 33d, displayed admirable
coolness. A ruffian fired at him, when Marston pursued
him into a grain store, and gave him the contents of his
rifle across the counter ; and, as the rear of his company
came up, he was seen standing by the curb, loading his
gun, as though firing at harmless game.
These are but a few of the many incidents that might
be procured, could the scattered members of the regi
ment be conferred with. A statement of what each man
experienced and saw that day would be a thrilling story.
46 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
The wound of Capt. Dike was a severe one, though far
less serious than would have been deemed probable. The
ball passed through his thigh, very near the artery. He
was able to hobble to the sidewalk, and happened to be
at the door of a public house. He entered, and was
carried by a kind friend, a stranger, Dorsey, a tobac
conist, a Union man, to a distant room, where, unknown
to others, he was carefully nursed and cared for. He
had scarcely left the bar-room in which he sought refuge,
when it was filled with the ruffians, who, had they known
his whereabouts would have murdered him. Indeed, the
landlord answered their inquiries for him by assuring
them that he had left. Here he remained in a helpless
condition for more than a week ; and, meanwhile, he was
fully believed to have been killed by the mob. Those
who were in Stoneham at the time can remember what
few others can ever realize, the terrible excitement
caused among the people of that patriotic town by the
tidings of the death of their townsman. No subsequent
events of the war created so profound a sensation, either
there or anywhere else in the region of the state repre
sented by the regiment, as did the occurrences of that
initial day in the history of the war.
THE KILLED AND WOUNDED.
The killed and wounded during the day were as follows :
Addison O. Whitney, Co. D. Luther C. Ladd, Co. I).
Simmer H. Needham, Co. I. Charjes A. Taylor, Co. D.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Capt. John H. Dike, Co. L.
Lt. Leander F. Lynde, Co. L.
Lt. James F. Rowe, Co. L.
Clias. B. Stinson, Co. C.
Serg. W. H. Lamson, Co. D.
Serg. John E. Ames, Co. D.
Alex. George, Co. D.
Chas. H. Chandler, Co. D.
Ed. Cpburn, Co. D.
Geo. W. Lovrein, Co. D.
Ira W. Moore, Co. D.
Daniel C. Stevens, Co. D.
Wm. R. Patch, Co. D.
Daniel B. Tyler, Co. D.
Wm. G. Wellington, Co. D.
Serg. George G. Dun-ell, Co. I.
Victor G. Gingass, Co. I.
Michael Green, Co. I.
Harry G. Jewell, Co. I.
Geo. Colgan, Co. K.
Henry Gardner, Co. K.
Wm. D. Gurley, Co. K.
Geo. T. Whitney, Co. K.
Chas. L. Gill, Co. L.
Daniel Brown, Co. L.
Henry Dike, Co. L.
Horace W. Danforth, Co. L.
Stephen Flanders, Co. L.
John B. Fortier, Co. L.
John W. Kimpton, Co. L.
James Keenan, Co. L.
James S. Moody, Co. L.
Julian Putnam, Co. L.
Ephraim A. Perry, Co. L.
Andrew Robbins, Co. L.
Wm. H. Young, Co. L.
Four killed, and thirty-six wounded ; the particulars of which
will appear further on.
THE HEROIC DEAD.
The heroic dead who fell, and whose blood rendered
the pavement of Pratt Street immortal, are four.
CHARLES A. TAYLOR came to Boylston Hall on the
morning the regiment left, and enlisted in company
D. He was a stranger to all, and represented himself
as a fancy painter by profession, about twenty-five years
old, and was of light complexion and blue eyes. Such
was the haste with which the companies were organized,
48 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
and the lack of system with which the books were kept,
in those first days of the war, that his loss was not
even known until his overcoat was received by Capt.
Hart. The gentleman who sent it, saw him fall, and
testifies, that after he fell the brutes who killed him
crushed him with clubs and rocks, so that almost all
trace of humanity was beaten out of him. He did not
wear a uniform, and so was taken for a civilian ; and was
therefore buried in Baltimore. No trace of his family
or friends has ever been discovered .by the officers of his
company or regiment ; though a box was received for
him from Boston, a short time after the regiment left
LUTHER CRAWFORD LADD, of company D, son of
John and Fanny, a native of Alexandria, N. II. , re
siding in Lowell, was a young mechanic of only seven
teen years. He was born Dec. 22, 1843. He
was full of patriotic ardor ; and when the call was
made for the first volunteers, the earnest solicitations of
his friends could not induce him to remain behind.
While gallantly marching along the streets of Baltimore,
he fell bleeding on the pavement ; and the last words his
comrades heard him utter, were, " ALL HAIL TO THE
STARS AND STRIPES."
The murderer of Ladd was probably a drunken, disso
lute wretch, residing inWilliamsport, Md., named Wrench.
He afterwards often boasted of the deed, and rejoiced
in having killed that " boy soldier who shouted for the
THE THREE MONTHS C A M p A i G N . 49
Stars and Stripes when he fell." In the summer of 1862,
he was engaged in a quarrel, and discharged two bar
rels of a revolver at a man he intended to kill; but
missing his aim, he was shot through the heart, and in
ADDISON OTIS WHITNEY, company D, son of John
F., and Jane B., was born in Waldo, Me., Oct. 30,
1839, and had lived in Lowell about two years. He
worked in No. 3 spinning-room, Middlesex Corporation.
He had been a member of the City Guards about a year
and a half, and was a young man held in high esteem
by all who knew him.
SUMNER HENRY NEEDHAM was born in Bethel, Me.,
March 2, 1828, and had lived in Lawrence about
twelve years. He was a corporal in company I, having
been a member about five years. He was an upright
man. He is supposed to have been the first mortally
wounded on that day. After he fell, he was conveyed to
the Infirmary, where he lingered till April 27, when his
spirit took its flight for a happier world.
As Needham was getting out of the car, he placed
his hand on the shoulder of private J. S. Knights, of
company I, and said, " We shall have trouble to-day, and
I shall never get out of it alive. Promise me, if I fall,
that my body shall be sent home." Knights smiled at
the apprehension as not well grounded, but assured his
friend that whoever suffered would be well looked after ;
T ii E THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
saying which, they fell into their places, and the two
never met again.
FUNERAL HONORS AND CEREMONIES.
The body of Taylor was buried in Baltimore ; but the
remains of Ladd, Whitney, and Needham were brought
to Boston, in charge of Merrill S. Wright, who was de
tailed by Col. Jones for that purpose. They arrived in
Boston at 5 o clock, on the afternoon of May 2, and
were escorted from the station of the Worcester Railway
by the Independent Corps of Cadets, and the Brigade
Band, accompanied by Gov. Andrew and staff, Gen.
Schouler, and others. They were draped with the Amer
ican colors, and received with military honors, and es
corted to the Vassall tomb under King s Chapel. The
buildings along the route were clad in mourning ; and
flags everywhere were at half-mast. The mayors of
Lowell and Lawrence were entreated by Gov. Andrew
that the Massachusetts Executive might assist in the
funeral services of the heroic dead ; and the obsequies
were arranged in mutual conference.
On the 3d of May, the body of Needham was con
veyed to Lawrence by a Committee of the City Govern
ment, and placed in the City Hall, where it was viewed
by thousands of people. The services were solemn and
The City Hall was appropriately draped ; the seats
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 51
were filled ; and every inch of standing room was occu
pied. On the rostrum were the clergy of the city; and
an eloquent sermon was preached by the pastor of the
deceased, Rev. G. S. Weaver, of the Universalist
Church, assisted by Rev. C. E. Fisher, of Lawrence
Street Congregational Church ; Rev. W. L. Jenkins, of
the Unitarian Church ; Rev. Henry F. Lane, of the First
Baptist Church; Rev. C. M. Dinsmore, of the Garden
Street Methodist Church; Rev. Daniel Tenney, of the
Central Congregational Church ; and Rev. George Pack
ard, of the Episcopal Church, in the devotional exer
As this was the funeral of the first soldier killed in the
war, a brief extract from the discourse may well be
The text was in Hebrews, xi. 4. " He being dead yet speak-
eth." The orator said : " He speaks from that scene of conflict,
with a silent yet terrible eloquence, which is heard all over our
great country, and which stirs the moral indignation of twenty
millions of freemen at home, and ten times that number abroad.
That blow that broke in upon his brain, struck upon the con
science of a nation. That wound has a tongue, speaking with
a trumpet of thunder, among the Northern hills, and along the
Western prairies. The blood spilt from it is the seed of a mighty
harvest of patriots, who will pour upon rebels the indignation of
their outraged souls. His shattered form calls, from its coffin,
upon an outraged country, to arouse in its might, and crush out
the reckless and imperious spirit of treason which has reared it
self against our prosperous land, and our benignant form of gov-
52 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
ernment. Yes, being dead, our brother calls upon us, his neigh
bors and friends, to stand up in our patriotism and manhood, and
maintain and defend the honor of that country for which he gave
his life. He calls upon our state to prove that her sons are
worthy descendants of the blood of Plymouth Rock and Lexing
ton ; upon our country to prove that her people are worthy of
the institutions under which they live."
In the beautiful cemetery in Lawrence lie the re
mains of Needham, under a granite monument of chaste
design and finish, on which is recorded the following in
By the City Government of Lawrence this monument is
erected, to endear to posterity the memory of Sumner H. Need-
ham, of company I, Sixth Regiment, M. V. M., who fell a victim
to the passions of a Secession mob, during the passage of the regi
ment through the streets of Baltimore, marching to the defence
of the nation s capital, on the memorable 19th day of April, A. D.,
1861. Aged 33. A loyal North, in common with his widow
and an only child, mourn his loss.
A. D. 1862.
On the base of the monument is the word
Monday, May 6, Mayor Sargent and the City Gov
ernment, and a detachment of the Richardson Light
Infantry, escorted the bodies of Ladd and Whitney
to Lowell. The Mayor, President of the Common
Council, and Alderman J. P. Folsom, and Messrs.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 53
Keyes and Norris, of the Common Council, were the
Committee of Arrangements. This committee received
the remains of the soldiers, enclosed in metallic coffins
and sealed in boxes, of the Executive of the Common
wealth, and placed them in state in Huntington Hall.
Thousands of people were unable to gain admission to
witness the funeral obsequies, which were as follows :
1. Dirge Brigade Band.
2. Reading of Scriptures Rev. C. W. Homer.
3. Prayer Rev. Dr. Cleaveland.
4. Anthem St. Anne s Choir.
5. Discourse Rev. W. R. Clark.
6. Original Hymn, written by Rev. C. W. Homer Read by
Rev. J. J. Twiss, and sung by St. Anne s Choir.
7. Prayer Rev. D. Mott.
8. Benediction Rev. Frederic Hinckley.
The pall-bearers were Lieutenants W. E. Farrar,
G. E. Dana, Edward S. Hunt, Surgeon W. H. Bradley,
James Francis, H. H. Fuller, David Hyde, and Capt.
Temple Tebbetts. The city authorities caused every
token of respect and reverence to be manifested ; and
the people of Lowell and vicinity, in immense numbers,
participated in the solemn ceremonies of the day.
54 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
The orator, in the course of his address, said :
" Thus early in life these sons of aged, pious parents have fallen
in the service of their country, on a day precious to every
American patriot, the eighty-sixth anniversary of the first
blood spilled in the struggle for our liberties at Concord and
Lexington. Their spirits are gone to God who gave them, and
who administers his awards with impartial and unerring regard
to the fidelity with which his creatures shall have discharged the
trusts he has committed unto them. Henceforth, the heroes of
Concord, Lexington, Bunker Hill, and Baltimore, shall blazon
together on the pages of their country s history, like the stars in
the flag whose honor they died to uphold."
The funeral hymn is as follows :
Before thy throne, great God, we bow ;
Humbly we bend the sorrowing head,
And ask Thy pity, while we now
Commit to earth our Patriot Dead !
Our Patriot Dead ! for them we claim
A place in mem ry s holiest shrine :
A sacred treasure shall their name
Be handed down to coming time.
In Freedom s cause these first fruits sleep ;
In peril tried they proved true men ;
And, while we o er their ashes weep,
Their martyr-seed springs up again.
Their glorious death shall make us brave ;
We wipe away the falling tear ;
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 55
Tis hallowed ground the soldier s grave
Tis sacred dust reposes here.
Choose we with them the patriot s part ;
Our country s cause doth loudly cry ;
Be this most dear to every heart,
The noblest lot to do and die.
The body of Ladd was conveyed to Alexandria,
where other services were celebrated, after which it
was returned to Lowell.
On the 8th of May, Mayor Sargent addressed a letter
to the father of Whitney, communicating the unanimous
desire of the people of the city that his son s remains
should be finally deposited in Lowell. Mr. Whitney
replied with great decorum, assenting " with feelings of
gratitude and melancholy pleasure."
The bodies of both Ladd and Whitney were deposited
in the Lowell cemetery, one of the finest burial-places in
the world ; but, as will appear on a subsequent page, they
were destined to be removed to a more fitting resting-
The Commonwealth, in conjuction with the City of
Lowell, has erected a beautiful monument to the mem
ory of LADD and WHITNEY. The Legislature appro
priated $2000, and Lowell expended some $2700 more.
It is of elegant design arid finish, as will be seen by the
photograph in this volume. A full description, and the
particulars of the consecration, will be found at the close
of this book.
5G THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
The remains of TAYLOR are unmarked by any memo
rial ; and it cannot here be said whether their place of
burial is even known. If it shall never be ascertained
where he was laid, let his memory be sacred in all loyal
hearts, and his noble deeds stand forever as his honor
The ashes of these proto-martyrs consecrate the soil in
which they repose, and hereafter their graves will be the
shrines to which men shall resort to obtain inspirations of
liberty. And has not their blood sanctified the soil it
drenched ? But four years have passed since they laid
their lives down, on the pavements of Baltimore, and
that city has not only become one of the most loyal in
the land, but Maryland has wiped the stain of slavery
from her fair escutcheon, and now stands forever free ;
and the gigantic treason which struck them down has
been crushed, and once more peace and a united
republic are the possession of the American people.
Who shall say that the pure blood of those heroic men
who fell in her streets on the immortal Nineteenth of
April, 1861, did not contribute gloriously to that great
end, and wash out the dark stains of years of oppression
and violence ? " The blood of the .martyrs is the seed
of the church." Thus the Nineteenth of April is twice
hallowed in the memory of every child of Massachusetts,
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 57
who will experience new emotions of patriotic pride as
he remembers the deeds of 1775 and 1861. And, as
though to teach us that one state must not be the
exclusive custodian of the honor of that great day, we
are reminded, that, while the native state of TAYLOR is
not known, LADD was born in New Hampshire, and
WHITNEY and NEEDHAM in Maine. Thus at least three
states share the honor of the day. If Massachusetts
sent these heroes forth, they drew their first inspirations
of patriotism from Maine and New Hampshire.
ARRIVAL IN WASHINGTON.
On reaching Washington, the regiment was welcomed
with great joy by the national authorities, who were
fearing an immediate assault from the enemy. They
were the first armed force to come to the relief of the
capital ; and their presence was of itself a defence,
though their position was one of great danger and
importance, for the enemy was supposed to be within a
short distance, and all connection with the North was
cut off for several days. They were quartered in the
Senate Chamber and adjoining rooms and halls, and on
their first night in Washington were able, for the first
time since leaving home, to sleep. Their long and
eventful march had indeed been checkered. Feted by
friends during the first part of their journey, and
assaulted by their foes during the last part, they were
58 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
glad at length to rest in the quiet of their stately quarters.
It will be long before the Senate Chamber presents a
sight like that which greeted the eye of the spectator
during the nights of the last of April. The colonel was
accustomed to sleep in the Vice President s chair, with
sword and equipments on ; the rest of the officers and
men were prostrate all over the floor around him, each
with sword or musket within reach ; the gas-lights
turned down to sparks, and no sound but the heavy
breathing of sleepers and the hollow tramp of sentinels
on the lobby floors. Thus the gallant fellows slept on
their arms for several nights. The iron ornaments, and
rough and polished ashlers, and barrels of cement that
lay about the capital, were speedily extemporized into
formidable barricades ; and soon everything was in readi
ness for an attack, which, though confidently expected,
THE FEELING IN THE CAPITAL.
The feeling in Washington when our troops arrived is
illustrated by the following brief note :
NATIONAL HOTEL, April 21.
COL. E. S. JONES,
Dear Sir, The ladies, whose names are on the enclosed card,
tender their services to your command, to perform any service
necessary which they can ; would be glad to do any sewing,
mending, &c., or to nurse the sick. At any time they will
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 59
respond to any call upon them to aid the brave Massachusetts
soldiers who have come to Washington at the call of their
In behalf of the ladies, I am,
Very respectfully, yours,
Z. K. PANGBORX.
The ladies names are Mrs. Z. K. Pangborn, Mrs.
Col. F. W. Lander, Miss Harriet Lander, and Mrs.
HOW THE FIRST FLAG WAS KEPT.
During the first few days in Washington, Col. Jones
became anxious for the preservation of the flag placed in
his care by Gov. Andrew ; and he entrusted it to the
custody of Chaplain Babbidge, with orders to keep it
about his person. The chaplain folded it carefully, and
buttoned it across his breast, beneath his coat, saying
occasionally to himself, a I hope, if I m hit, it will be
in the breast, and that the old flag will stop the ball."
Next day after reaching Washington, the regiment
marched up Pennsylvania Avenue in column of platoons,
open order and open files, thus having the appearance,
to an inexperienced eye, of being a brigade rather than
a regiment. The effect was to intimidate the secession
ists not a little by the idea that the government had a
60 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
large force at hand. The stores were closed, there were
few people about, and the streets were more quiet than
on any Sabbath since. There was no music, not even a
drum ; but eve-witnesses describe the marching as mag
nificent, and the scene as one of the most imposing
IN THE CAPITOL.
During those early weeks of the war, they drilled, built
ovens, tanks, stored immense quantities of flour in the
vaults of the building to withstand a siege, and wrote
letters on the desks of " honorable " gentlemen who had
practised treason and fraud at the government expense,
and enjoyed their new experiences immensely. Ree n-
forcements arriving, they were under less restraint ; and,
as they moved about the streets of the capital, they were
the objects of great regard to the loyal people and offi
cials, and no less of disgust to the disloyal men and
women, of whom in those days Washington had quan
tities. It is not probable that the honored and glorious,
and now martyred President, with all his other experi
ences, ever forgot the evening when the Sixth Massa
chusetts regiment arrived, and saved the capital.
THE RELAY HOUSE.
The coming of other troops, and the danger that
threatened another place, caused the regiment to be
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 61
removed to the Relay House, May 5th ; and on Elk
Ridge Heights, ten miles from Baltimore, they bivouacked
that night, and, without tents or other shelter, with a
cold storm raging, built booths of boughs and leaves, and
made a camp more unique than useful or ornamental.
Here they remained till May 13th, when they were
ordered to Baltimore, and left in fine spirits for the
scenes of their late hurried transit, notwithstanding the
declarations of many Baltimoreans that the Sixth Massa
chusetts should never enter their city again. They
reached there in the evening ; and, in the darkness of a
furious thunder shower, they raised the national flag on
Federal Hill, and kept their position there as a check
on any rebel plans in the city. While there, rebel
arms were seized ; and, on the 14th, their tents ar
May 16th, the regiment was ordered back to the Relay
House, where they remained guarding the railway. Im
mediately after Maj. Watson, with fifty men, went on
an interesting expedition to capture Ross Winans, a
At this time, these words made their appearance, and
" Baltimore " became the rallying cry of the regiment ;
and this constituted the
The night is dark, the camp is stilled ;
Each soldier s heart with joy is thrilled;
62 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
He dreams of home and scenes gone past,
Not conscious but his dream can last.
Chorus Baltimore, Baltimore,
He starts at the cry of Baltimore.
A mystic grandeur fills his breast,
While peaceful slumber brings him rest ;
He little thinks of danger near,
His dream unmixed with dread or fear.
Chorus Baltimore, &c.
At length the guard, with watchful eye,
Discovers danger lurking nigh :
Reminded of the days before,
He gives the cry of Baltimore.
Chorus Baltimore, &c.
Quick the soldier s ready ear
Warns him of the foe that s near ;
He springs out in the dreary night,
From slumber to defend the right.
Chorus Baltimore, &c.
" Baltimore ! " the alarming word
Thrills the heart whene er tis heard,
Suggests the loss of brothers gone,
Justice calls the foe to atone.
Chorus Baltimore, &c.
When duty calls so loud and plain,
With sorrow he recalls the slain ;
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 63
And sacred as the brothers dust,
So sacred is the cause, and just.
Chorus Baltimore, &c.
As long as the free their blood shall give,
Our country shall so long survive ;
And where the weak the strong implore,
The rallying cry shall be " Baltimore ! "
Chorus Baltimore, &c.
May 25th, the regiment was drawn up in line as a mark
of respect to a passing train bearing the dead body of
Col. Ellsworth. May 29th, several gentlemen of New
Jersey presented a stand of colors to the regiment. The
New Jersey committee expressed what was undoubtedly
the feeling of the nation at that time toward the
BERGEN POINT, N. J., May 25, 1861.
SIR, Please accept from the undersigned the accompanying
regimental colors, to be by you presented to your gallant com
mand, the Sixth Regiment of Massachusetts. In common with
the whole country, our eyes have been upon you, and we have
witnessed with admiration the alacrity with which you tore your
selves from the duties of civil life, and the endearments of home,
and hurried to the aid of the government, and the defence of the
flag. Our gift is but a slight acknowledgment of our apprecia
tion of your moral and soldierly deportment, your gallantry at
Baltimore, and your timely rescue from danger of the capital of
our common country.
64 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
We, without fear, commit these colors to the descendants of
Concord, Lexington, and Bunker Hill, confident that the Sixth
will never permit dishonor to tarnish the glories of the flag.
JOHN H. WATSON.
To Lieut. Col. B. F. WATSON, commanding Sixth Kegiment.
Col. Watson returned an appropriate reply.
While here, they were constantly apprehensive of an
attack, the air being full of rumors ; but all alarms proved
unfounded, and they remained without other incidents
than such as are always rife in camp, till June 13th,
when they were ordered to Baltimore to remain and pro
tect the polls during the election. With the New York
Thirteenth and Cook s Battery, they took position on
Mount Clare, and prevented the ruffians of Baltimore
from interfering with the polls.
While the regiment was in the city, it expected, and
was amply ready for, an attack. The Thirteenth New
York lay on the hill as a reserve, if needed ; and the
guns of Fort McHenry were all ready for action,
under the direction of Gen. Banks ; and our boys went
through the streets at double-quick, manoeuvred at street-
firing, charging bayonets, firing down cross-streets, and
the like, the whole length of Pratt and East Baltimore
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 65
Streets ; but this time the mob was silent. Learning that
the Union candidate was defeated, they returned to the
June 17, they marched to the railway station, to
honor the arrival of the Massachusetts First, then on its
way to Washington.
June 20, the regiment had 176 married, and 427
single men: all but 149 followed mechanical pursuits.
Of the 149, 30 were from Acton, and 27 from Groton,
and were chiefly farmers. In the Stoneham company of
67 men, 51 were shoemakers, and 2 curriers.
A banner was presented by ladies of New York,
June 26, the regiment was again sent to Baltimore,
where it encamped on Mount Clare, and in a neighboring
grove. On the 31st, at two o clock in the morning, it
marched through the city to the residence of Charles
Howard, President of the Board of Police Commis
sioners, and conveyed him a prisoner to Fort Mc-
Henry. The next day it returned to the Relay House.
The Declaration of National Independence was com
memorated on the Fourth of July f and a magnificent silk
banner was presented by loyal citizens of Baltimore,
bearing this inscription : " Loyal Citizens of Baltimore,
to the Sixth Mass. U. S. V. Pratt Street, April 19,
GG THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
July 16, the non-commissioned officers and privates
presented the Daughter of the Regiment with a costly
and beautiful uniform, a dark velvet jacket, trimmed
with gold lace ; a skirt of red, white, and blue silk ; and
a light-colored hat, with red, white, and blue feathers,
on one side of which was a gilt wreath, in which was
a figure 6. The canteen was of silver, handsomely
embossed. The presentation speech was made by Ser
geant Crowley, to which the Daughter appropriately
July 22 arrived, and the three months for which the
regiment had entered the service had expired ; but no
orders had been received to move homewards. An
alarm had been given early in the morning ; ammunition
was served out ; and a despatch from Gen. Banks re
quired them to hold themselves in readiness for duty, as
tidings had reached him that our forces were falling
back from Manassas Junction. An earnest desire was
expressed by some of the regiment to return home ; and
Gen. Banks came out and addressed them, asking them
to volunteer to remain a short time longer ; assuring
them that their services would not be needed more than
six days beyond the period of three months, for which
they enlisted, and that they were needed then. The
question was put to the regiment, and it voted to remain.
Col. Jones informed such as wished to go home, under
those circumstances, that they were at liberty to leave ;
and twenty-one left.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 67
The Baltimore " Clipper," referring to their decision,
They are as willing now to obey the call of their country
as when, three months ago, they left happy homes and firesides to
protect -the capital from invasion by Southern traitors.
VOTE OF THANKS FROM CONGRESS.
The popular branch of Congress passed a vote of
thanks, which was handsomely engrossed on parchment,
and forwarded, and is now in the- possession of Col.
Thirty-seventh Congress of the United States, at the First Session,
in the House of Representatives, July 22, 1861.
Resolved, That the thanks of this House are due, and are
hereby tendered, to the Sixth Regiment of the Massachusetts Vol
unteers, for the alacrity with which they responded to the call
of the President, and the patriotism and bravery which they dis
played on the 19th of April last, in fighting their way through
the city of Baltimore, on their march to the defence of the Fed
GALUSHA A. GROW,
Attest, Speaker of the House of Representatives.
EM. ETHERIDGE, Clerk.
THE GENERAL S CONGRATULATION.
Maj. Gen. Dix published a congratulatory order on
relieving the regiment from duty, dated July 29, 1861.
The following is one of many proofs that might be
68 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
presented to show how prudently the delicate duties
entrusted to it were discharged by the regiment :
BALTIMORE AND OHIO K. K. Co., July 29, 1861.
COL. E. F. JONES,
(Commanding Camp at Relay House, Washington Junction.)
Dear Sir, We understand that you are soon to depart from
your post, on your return to Massachusetts, the term of your regi
ment having expired some time since. Before you leave our midst,
we cannot omit to express to you our appreciation of the extreme
courtesy and manliness which have been shown by you during
our, almost constant intercourse, beginning in our station, at
Baltimore, during the fearful morning of the 19th of April
last. While at all times rigidly performing your duty to the
government, you have acted so as to command universal respect.
W. P. SMITH, Master of Trans.
July 29, orders came to break camp for home ; and
that military manoeuvre, never performed with unwilling
ness, was executed at six o clock in the morning ; and,
three hours later, Baltimore was again, and for the last
time in the campaign, visited. The regiment re
ceived quite a cordial reception this time, very different
from its first, and remained in the city till five in the
afternoon, when it left for Philadelphia, and started
for New York at ten next day, and for Boston at
six in the evening. Everywhere the people flocked
to see the men who received the first blows of the enemy,
THE THKEE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 59
and who had been able to be at the post of danger
so opportunely. The most gratifying attentions were
lavished on them by all.
They reached Worcester, the home of company G, at
ten in the morning of August 1st; and there were
greeted with a welcome worthy of the heart of Mas
sachusetts, and more gratifying than the plaudits of
strangers. They staid till three in the afternoon, and
then departed for Boston, where they were received
more heartily than elsewhere they had been, and es
corted to the Common, and addressed by Mayor Wight-
man ; to whom Col. Jones replied. They then partook
of a collation, and marched to Faneuil Hall, where they
were quartered for the night; all but company K, which
was quartered in its armory. Next morning (Aug. 2),
after breakfast on the Common, they were mustered
out of the United States service, by Col. Amory, and
proceeded to the Lowell Depot.
The regiment was dismissed by the following order
from the executive :
The Sixth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, Col.
Jones, has returned home. It was the first which went forward
to the defence of the national capital. It passed through Balti
more, despite the cowardly assault made upon it, and was the first
to reach Washington.
Its gallant conduct has reflected new lustre upon the Common
wealth, and has given new historic interest to the 19th of April.
It has returned, after more than three months of active and respon-
70 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
sible service. It will be received by our people with warm
hearts and generous hands.
The regiment is now dismissed till further orders.
Gov. Andrew was unable to be present at the recep
tion of the regiment; but the following note expressed
his regrets :
COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS.
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, (
Boston, August 1, 1861. j
To COL. JONES,
Commanding Sixth Regiment Mass. Vol. Militia.
COLONEL, His Excellency, Governor Andrew, regrets ex
ceedingly that the condition of his health prohibits him from meeting
you and your gallant regiment personally, to-day, and expressing
to you and them his congratulations upon their return, after a
period of such efficient service. He directs me, in his absence, to
express in his behalf, how highly he appreciates their conduct,
from the hour they left the Commonwealth to this moment of
He looks to such of them as may again proceed to the field,
for a longer term of service, for the surest means of promoting the
efficiency of our volunteer regiments, and of maintaining the mili
tary reputation of Massachusetts, which they have helped already
so much to illustrate.
By order of the Governor and Commander-in-chief.
I am, very truly,
Your obedient servant,
A. G. BROWNE,
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 71
Leaving Boston at noon, the regiment arrived in Low
ell at half-past one, where it was saluted by nineteen
guns ; and led by the Brigade Band, which had been
with it some two weeks, and a drum-corps of nineteen, it
was escorted by the fire department and other bodies,
amid the sound of cannon, bells, and enthusiastic cheers,
to the South Common, where a cordial welcome was given
by Mayor Sargent, to which Col. Jones appropriately
responded. The regiment then passed through some of
the principal streets, to Huntington Hall, and partook of
a bountiful collation, and separated after the heartiest
greetings. The entire population welcomed the gallant
fellows, whose appearance was unlike that of our soldiers
to-day. With suits of Garibaldi gray, they looked
more like rebel zouaves, than like the good Union soldiers
they were. A thousand times the hardships they had
experienced would have been slight to win such plaudits
from a virtuous and grateful people.
In the afternoon, the different companies separated for
their homes, those in Lowell disbanded for the time
being, to their families and friends ; and the others to
meet a hearty public welcome in their own localities.
Company B received a grand demonstration on the part
of all the people of the patriotic and famous old town of
Groton, worthy the renown of the place, and the charac
ter of the ancient company.
Company E was welcomed to Acton in a similar manner.
The town voted the funds for a fine celebration and a
72 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
military, civic, and popular procession was got up ; and
four military companies three of which were organized
for the occasion added to the interest of the day,
one of the most joyous in the annals of Acton.
The Lawrence companies were welcomed, by the public-
spirited city they represented, in a manner worthy of all
concerned. Everybody was out. Firemen, military,
city officers, a cavalcade, floral cars, and other accom
paniments, made the day the most imposing ever seen in
Lawrence. The wife and sisters of the lamented Need-
ham, dressed in black, rode in the procession ; and when
passing his late residence, arms were reversed, and a
dirge was played by the band. The procession then pro
ceeded to the Common, which was magnificently deco
rated ; and here congratulatory and patriotic speeches
were made by Mayor Barker and Lieut.-Col. Watson ;
after which, a collation closed the enjoyments of the day.
Lawrence, ever liberal and enthusiastic, was never more
so than when she welcomed home these gallant sons, who
had done her and themselves so much honor.
Company G received a double welcome from the heart
of the Commonwealth when the regiment passed through ;
and again, August 3d, with a fine public reception and
Company L did not find Stoneham behind the other
towns in her cordial welcome of the returning soldiers. The
population came to the station, which is connected with
tlie village by horse-cars, on foot and in carriages, with
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 73
music and banners ; and escorted them to their homes with
every demonstration of joy. There they gave them such
proofs of their appreciation of their services, as made the
occasion one of unalloyed pleasure. It can scarcely again
be possible that returning soldiers, whether for a short or
long period of service, can receive a welcome so enthusi
astic and feeling as was received everywhere by the
Heroes of Baltimore.
With the exception of the remarkable events of the
19th of April, the experience of the Sixth does not seem
to have been very notable ; but when the novelty of their
position ; the readiness with which they rushed to arms ;
the cool, calm courage they exhibited when surrounded
by an infuriated mob ; their obedience to orders, and their
readiness to meet every emergency ; the position of dan
ger and importance they occupied at Washington, the
first regiment to arrive for the defence of the capital ;
their efficiency at the Relay House and Baltimore, both
at the beginning of the campaign, and their willingness to
remain after their time had expired, when the disaster at
Bull Run made their presence of the greatest importance ;
when all this is considered, crowded into the brief
period of three months, it will be confessed by poster
ity, that theirs is a historic name and fame that should
never be forgotten.
74 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
That their patriotism was not the ebullition of a mo
ment, but a fixed principle, that they are worthy sons of
noble sires, can be seen in the subsequent military history
of most of them. After this brief campaign, the larger
part of them reentered the service, and fought their coun
try s battles, not only in many of our own state s corps,
about four hundred of them having entered sixty-five
different Massachusetts regiments and batteries, but
they distributed themselves through bodies of troops from
every New England state ; and were found in Regulars,
Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, New Jersey, and
District of Columbia corps, and in the navy. The battle
fields and hospitals of nearly every Southern State have
borne witness to their fidelity ; and the histories of those
a hundred different military organizations, and a thou
sand battles must be consulted, to complete the sum of
their noble efforts to serve their country.
At the close of the campaign, the organization was
preserved, in spite of the scattering of a large number of
its officers and men into other organizations. Its further
history will be seen in the sketch of the Nine Months
FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS OF THE SIXTH FROM
I had intended to trace the field and staff officers of the
regiments to which the several companies have belonged,
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 75
from the beginning of our regimental organizations ; but
the regimental changes have been so numerous in the
past, and the old records at the office of the Adjutant
General are so obscure, that it is very difficult, if not im
possible to do so ; and I have only attempted to trace it
while designated as the Fifth and Sixth. It dates from
the earliest years of our militia system. It has several
times had its number changed ; though, in 1778, it com
prised the same territory as now, and was known then as
the Sixth Regiment. Between 1840 and 1855, it was
called the Fifth ; and since then it has resumed its orig
The field and staff, since 1840, have been composed
as follows :
Colonel, JEFFERSON BANCROFT, 1840 . Lowell.
Lieut-Colonel, TIMOTHY G. TWEED, " . "
Major, SAMUEL P. SHATTUCK, " . Pepperell.
Adjutant, STEPHEN PARKER, " . . Dracut.
Quartermaster, SALMON D. CIIACE, " . Lowell.
Surgeon, JOHN W. GRAVES, " . . "
Chaplain, ABEL C. THOMAS, " . "
Colonel, TIMOTHY G. TWEED, 1842 . "
Lieut.-Colonel, SAMUEL P. SHATTUCK, " . Pepperell.
Major, GEORGE SHATTUCK, " . . Groton.
Adjutant, GILBERT FERRIN, u . Lowell.
Quartermaster, J. L. HUNTRESS, " . . "
Surgeon, OTIS PERHAM, " . "
Chaplain, A. A. MINER, " . . "
Colonel, S. P. SHATTUCK, 1845 . Pepperell.
Lieut.-Colonel, GEORGE SHATTUCK, " . . Groton.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Major, ABIJAH WATSON, 1845
Quartermaster, CHRISTOPHER BELLOWS, "
Chaplain, L. H. SHELDON, "
Surgeon, CHARLES E. PARKER, "
Colonel, S. P. SHATTUCK, "
Lieut-Colonel, GEORGE SHATTUCK, "
Major, ABIJAH WATSON, "
Adjutant, GILBERT FERRIN,
Quartermaster, CHRISTOPHER BELLOWS, "
Chaplain, LUTHER H. SHELDON, "
Surgeon, CHARLES E. PARKER, "
Lieut-Colonel, ABIJAH WATSON, 1847
Major, CHARLES E. STANLEY, "
Colonel, ABIJAH WATSON, 1848
Lieut-Colonel, CHARLES E. STANLEY, "
Major, BENJ. F. BUTLER, "
Quartermaster, HOLLAND STREETER, "
Chaplain, URIAH CLARK, "
Surgeon, LUTHER B. MORSE,
Chaplain, THEODORE EDSON, "
Lieut-Colonel, B. F. BUTLER, 1850
Major, GEORGE F. BANCROFT, "
Major, EDMUND A. PARKER, "
Adjutant, GEORGE F. SAWTELLE,
Colonel, B. F. BUTLER, 1852
Lieut-Colonel, ALDEN LAWRENCE, "
Surgeon, WALTER BURNHAM, 1853
Major, JOHN AVERY, JR., "
Lieut-Colonel, JOSIAH G. CLARKE, 1854
In 1855, the number was changed to the Sixth Regi
ment, M. V. M.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 77
Colonel, GEORGE F. SAWTELLE, 1855 . Lowell.
Lieut.-Colonel, L. D. SARGENT, " . Lawrence.
Major, EDWARD F. JONES, " . . Pepperell.
Adjutant, ALPHA i>. FARR, " . Lowell.
Quartermaster, BENJ. F. WATSON, " . . Lawrence.
Surgeon, JOEL SPALDING, " . Lowell.
Colonel, EDWARD F. JONES, 1857 . . Pepperell.
Lieut.-Colonel, WALTER SHATTUCK, " . Groton.
Major, B. F. WATSON, " . . Lawrence.
Chaplain, CHARLES BABBIDGE, " Pepperell.
Surgeon, NORMAN SMITH, " . . Groton.
Quartermaster, JAMES L. WILLIAMS, " . Lowell.
Quartermaster, JAMES MUNROE, 1859 . . Cambridge.
Lieut.-Colonel, B. F. WATSON, at Relay House, 1861.
POETRY OF THE PERIOD.
Among the poetry which burst from the hearts of the
people, the following pieces are presented here as worthy
of preservation :
APRIL 19, 1775-1861.
Once more, our dear old Massachusetts !
How the thought comes over us, and well it may !
Of the drops wherewith the ancient green was reddened,
It is six and eighty years this very day.
Six and eighty years and it seemed but a memory
Little left of all that glory, so we thought:
Only the old firelocks hung on farm-house chimney,
And rude blades the village blacksmith wrought.
78 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Only here and there a white head that remembers
How the frocks of homespun stood against King George,
How the hard hands stretched them o er the scanty embers,
When the sleet and snow came down at Valley Forge.
Ah me ! how long we lay in quiet and in error,
Till the snake shot from the coil he had folded on our hearth,
Till the dragon fangs had sprouted, o erhatched of hate and terror,
And hell in armed legions seemed bursting from the earth.
Once more, dear Brother State ! thy pure, brave blood baptizes
Our last and noblest struggle for freedom and for right.
It fell on the. cruel stones; but an awful nation rises,
In the glory of its conscience, and the splendor of its might.
H. H. B
HAKTFOED ( Conn. ) PRESS.
ALL HAIL TO THE STARS AND STRIPES.
BY GEO. T. BROWNE.
When home returning from the fight,
They wend their way with noble scars,
They ll point to wounds by traitorous hands,
Which fought against the Stripes and Stars.
But noble wounds will be forgot,
As each his blood-stained sabre wipes,
And thinks how rose that dying voice,
" All hail the glorious Stars and Stripes ! "
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
" All hail the Stars and Stripes ! " The words
Are graven now on every heart :
A nation s watchword, Freedom s song,
Of every future act a part.
" All hail the glorious Stars and Stripes ! "
The echo leaps from hill to hill ;
We first drew breath beneath its folds,
We ll live and die beneath it still.
"All hail the Stars and Stripes ! " the cry
From forest home to ocean shore.
Ten thousand times ten thousand hands
Are raised to free that flag once more.
To each proud heart new hope is sent,
To* each strong arm new strength is given ;
And, raised aloft from every home,
The Stars and Stripes float nearer heaven.
NEW YORK TRIBUNE.
ALL HAIL TO THE STARS AND STRIPES.
BY ANNIE M. LAWRENCE.
" Decet et dulce, pro patria mori"
Ebbed the purple life-tide slowly ;
Drooped the eyelids yet more lowly ;
On the face, the shadow holy
Told that Death had come.
80 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Will he die without one token ?
Will there be no last word spoken,
That shall soothe some heart nigh broken
In his far off home ?
Suddenly new strength seemed given :
Upward looking toward heaven,
Sought his gaze the starry pennon
Floating gainst the sky.
Love and Faith and Hope seemed meeting,
While with hands reached forth entreating,
Spake his dying lips their greeting,
Writ in gold on high.
Passed his life away, forth sending
Words whose triumph seems unending :
" All hail the Stars and Stripes! " whose blendin<
Tells of Freedom won.
In his agony of glory,
Spake he what in letters holy,
Gleaming mid our nation s story,
Patriots oft have done.
Words of old, yet now new spoken ;
Cling we to them as a token,
That our Union stands unbroken,
Safe each Stripe and Star.
God-preserved from desolation,
May we find a firm duration,
While above our happy nation
Freedom shines afar.
STILL RIVER, Worcester County, Mas?.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 81
THE MEN WHO FELL IN BALTIMORE.
DEDICATED TO THE SIXTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT.
BY J. \V. FORNEY.
Our country s call awoke the land
From mountain height to ocean strand.
The Old Keystone, the Bay State, too,
In all her direst dangers true,
Resolved to answer to her cry,
For her to bleed, for her to die ;
And so they marched, their flag before,
For Washington, through Baltimore.
Our men from Berks and Sclmylkill came
Lehigh and Mifflin in their train :
First in the field they sought the way,
Hearts beating high and spirits gay ;
Heard the wild yell of fiendish spite,
Of armed mobs on left and right ;
But on they marched, their flag before,
For Washington, through Baltimore.
Next came the Massachusetts men,
Gathered from city, glade, and glen :
No hate for South, but love for all,
They answered to their country s call.
The path to them seemed broad and bright ;
They sought no foemen and no fight,
As on they marched, their flag before,
New England s braves, through Baltimore.
82 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN
But when they showed their martial pride,
And closed their glittering columns wide,
They found their welcome in the fire
Of maddened foes and demons dire,
Who, like the fiends from hell sent forth,
Attacked these heroes of the North,
These heroes bold, with travel sore,
While on their way through Baltimore.
From every stifling den and street,
They rushed the gallant band to meet :
Forgot the cause they came to save ;
Forgot that those they struck were brave ;
Forgot the dearest ties of blood
That bound them in one brotherhood ;
Forgot the flag that floated o er
Their countrymen in Baltimore.
And the great song their son had penned,
To rally freemen to defend
The banner of the stripes and stars,
That makes victorious all our wars,
Was laughed to scorn, as madly then
They greeted all the gallant men
Who came from Massachusetts shore
To Washington, through Baltimore.
And when with wildest grief at last
They saw their comrades falling fast,
Full on the assassins in their track
They wheeled, and drove the cowards back.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 83
Then, with their hearts o erwhelmed with woe,
Measured their progress, stern and slow ;
Their wounded on their shoulders bore,
To Washington, through Baltimore.
Yet while New England mourns her dead,
The blood by Treason foully shed,
Like that which flowed at Lexington,
When Freedom s earliest fight begun,
Will make the day, the month, the year,
To every patriot s memory dear.
Sons of great fathers gone before,
They fell for right, at Baltimore.
As over every honored grave,
Where sleeps the " unreturning brave,"
A mother sobs, a young wife moans,
A father for his lost one groans,
Oh, let the people ne er forget
Our deep, enduring, lasting debt
To those who left their native shore,
And died for us in Baltimore.
Col. Forney, the distinguished editor of the Philadel
phia " Press," wrote these lines, which give expression to
the universal feeling that went out toward our regiment.
The second stanza describes the men of Pennsylvania as
having been first in the field. It should be remembered
that the Pennsylvanians were unarmed and undrilled,
and could have been of no possible service. The Sixth
84 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Massachusetts were the first soldiers to reach Wash
THE YANKEE VOLUNTEERS.
[Sung by Private Ephraim Peabody, on the night after the march
Come, all ye true Americans, that love the stripes and stars,
For which your gallant countrymen go marching to the wars,
For grand old Massachusetts raise up three rousing cheers,
Three times three and a tiger for the Yankee Volunteers.
The 19th day of April, they marched unto the war,
And on that day, upon the way, they stopped at Baltimore,
And trustingly expected the customary cheers
Which every loyal city gives the Yankee Volunteers.
But suddenly in fury there came a mighty crowd,
Led on by negro drivers, with curses long and loud ;
With frenzied imprecations, with savage threats and sneers,
They welcomed to the city the Yankee Volunteers.
So furious grew the multitude, they rushed at them amain,
And a great storm of missiles came pouring like a rain :
Amid a thundering clamor, such as mortal seldom hears,
They tried to cross the city, did the Yankee Volunteers.
The murderous storm of missiles laid many a soldier low,
Still the unswerving hearts forbore to give the answering blow,
Till all the miscreants shouted, " They re nearly dead with fears ;
We ll hurry up and finish these Yankee Volunteers ! "
THE THREE MOHTNS CAMPAIGN. 85
But lo ! the guns are levelled, and loud the volleys roar,
And inch by inch they fight their way through the streets of
Before them shrank the traitors, above them rise the cheers,
As, though they throng a myriad strong, march on the Volun
Hurrah, then, for the old Bay State, that stood so well at bay !
Hurrah for those who shed their blood, and gave their lives
For grand old Massachusetts, boys, let s give three rousing cheers ;
Three times three and a ti;rer for the Yankee Volunteers.
In the following roster the author has endeavored
to give the name of each officer and soldier, and to
append to his name his subsequent military service,
up to the close of the war ; and, so far as he could,
he has given the death or wounds of those who have
been wounded or died, on the authority, of course,
of others. Brief notes of reference to the Massachusetts
corps into which they have subsequently gone are ap
pended. To see the whole of the varied service in
which they have engaged, the reader will be obliged
to consult the published records of other states. Indeed,
the history of the members of the Old Sixth impinges
on almost every important event in the war, on land
and on many a glorious achievement on the seas.
86 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
FIELD AND STAFF.
Colonel EDWARD F. JONES, Pepperell. Col. Jones had
distinguished himself as the inventor of the famous arrangement
by which the kerosene lamp-wick is moved. He afterwards
recruited the Twenty-sixth regiment, 1 of which he was Colonel,
until he resigned his commission, July 27, 1862. The old town
of Pepperell has the distinguished honor of furnishing two colo
nels, who, from the places they have occupied in the country s
service, can never be forgotten, Col. Prescott, who was the
commander on Bunker Hill, and Col. Jones, the commander at
Baltimore. She can never cease to be proud that these two of
her sons will forever be associated with June 17, 1775, and April
Lieutenant-Colonel BENJ. F. WATSON, Lawrence. Col.
Watson was in the legal profession in Lawrence. He was pro
moted from the majority, August 17, 1861. The Lieutenant-
Colonel, Walter Shattuck of Groton, started for Washington with
the regiment ; but he resigned from age and infirmity. Col.
Watson was appointed U. S. Paymaster, September 25, 1861,
and was seriously injured in the performance of his duties, Janu
ary 30, 1864, and resigned in consequence, in October, 1864. He
was in command of the post at Relay House, from May 13 to
May 16, 1861, by order of Gen. Butler, and commanded the
regiment from May 16 to July 25.
1 The Twenty-sixth Massachusetts Eegiment was recruited in Lowell,
by Col. Edward F. Jones, commander of the Old Sixth. It contained
many of the officers and men of the old regiment, about a hundred in all.
It sailed from Boston, Nov. 21, 1861, and was stationed most of its term
of service in the Department of the Gulf. It returned from the wars in
the autumn of 1864, after three years of honorable service, leaving behind
a goodly representation of veterans.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 87
Major JOSIAH A. SAWTELLE, Lowell, was promoted from
the Captaincy of company A, May 17, 1861. On raising the
Twenty-sixth regiment, he was appointed to the majority, and
promoted to the I/ eu tenant-Colonelcy, July 29, 1862, and was
discharged October 14, 1864.
Surgeon NORMAN SMITH, Groton.
Chaplain CHARLES BABBIDGE, Pepperell. Mr. Babbidge
was pastor of the Unitarian Church in Pepperell, and was the
first clergyman who was called into actual service to suppress the
rebellion, as he was also the first graduate of Harvard University
to enter the service. He was graduated in the class of 1828.
Mr. Babbidge subsequently served three years as Chaplain of the
Adjutant ALPHA B. FARR, Lowell. Adjutant Farr en
tered the Twenty-sixth as Lieutenant-Colonel, and was promoted
to the command, July 28, 1862, and remained in command till
the expiration of his service, November 7, 1864.
Quartermaster JAMES MUXROE, Cambridge, was also
Quartermaster of the Twenty-sixth, and died in the faithful per
formance of his duties, November 18, 1862.
Paymaster RUFUS L. PLAISTED, Lowell.
Assistant Surgeon JANSEN T. PAINE, Charlestown. Sub
sequently Post Surgeon in the Department of the Gulf.
Sergeant-Major SAMUEL W. SHATTUCK, Groton, became
Adjutant of the Eighth Vermont, and was subsequently promoted
to the rank of Captain, and held the position of Assistant Ad
jutant General, 2d Brig. 1st Div. Nineteenth Army Corps.
Quartermaster Sergeant CHURCH HOWE, Worcester, was
Quartermaster of the Massachusetts Fifteenth, 1 and was promoted
a The Massachusetts Fifteenth was organized in Worcester County,
tinder command of Col. Charles Devens, Jr., and was mustered, June 2,
1861. It was at Ball s Bluff, in the Peninsula battles under McClellan;
88 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
to the rank of Captain, January 8, 1863. He was discharged
from the service, April 10, 1863.
Commissary Sergeant JOHN DUPEE, Boston.
Drum Major FREDERICK K. STAFFORD, Lowell.
Hospital Steward WILLIAM II. GRAY, Acton, has since
held the position of Surgeon in the U. S. colored regiment.
LOWELL BRIGADE BAND.
These celebrated musicians accompanied the Sixth to
Baltimore. Their transportation was in a baggage-car,
in the rear of the train ; and, through .some misapprehen
sion, it remained at the station after the regiment had
left. There the band stayed, awaiting orders to move,
and without arms, when the mob began to make hostile
demonstrations. The doors of the car were closed by the
band ; but the mob soon broke them open, and the musi
cians were forced to leave, abandoning their instruments
and other property. The Baltimore police, many of
them evidently in league with the roughs, were appealed
to in vain to assist them, and they fled for their lives.
A crowd of women, mostly foreigners, concealed them
in their houses, and exchanged their uniforms for other
clothing, in which disguise they were conveyed by a
strong body of police, late in the afternoon, under in
structions from the mayor, on board the Philadelphia
at Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg; and with Grant at the begin
ning of his successful advance on Petersburg. It has a most enviable
record of service.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 89
train. They arrived in Lowell, April 22. In the music-
store of Rugg and Carlton, Lowell, may be seen some
of the battered relics of the day, in the shape of a bass
drum and a brass instrument, much the worse for wear.
Their names were
George Brooks, Lowell ; subsequently, 26th Mass. Band.
Eli B. Carlton, "
Charles Colburn, Boston.
Abel F. Crocker, Lowell ; subsequently, 26th Mass. Band.
Oliver T. Davis, " " " "
William K. Doe, "
John M. Lovett, " 17th Mass. Band; 1 59th Mass. Band. 2
Greenleaf W. Metcalf, " Gth Mass. 9 months.
Eugene S. Muzzey, " subsequently, 26th Mass. Band.
Coffern Nutting, Dracut.
Henry G. Parshley, Lowell, 1 3th N. H. Band. Deceased.
John H. Parshley, " 13th N. H. Band.
Charles J. Patterson, "
James Poison, " subsequently, 26th Mass. Band.
George A. Wilson, " " " "
Artemas S. Young, "
1 The Seventeenth Massachusetts left Lynnfield. August 23, 1861, and
was stationed in Baltimore several months. It then went to New Berne,
in and near which it remained during the larger part of its service;
meanwhile engaging in most of the battles of 1863-4. Eight of its compa
nies were from Essex, one from Suffolk, and one from Middlesex. Kin-
ston, Washington, and Weldon, testify to its gallantry.
2 The Fifty-ninth Massachusetts was raised by the gallant Col. J. P.
Gould, Major of the Thirteenth, and arrived in Washington, April 28, 1864.
Ten days after leaving Massachusetts, it had its first fight. It performed
noble service in the closing scenes of the war.
90 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
COMPANY A, LOWELL.
Re-enlisted as a company nine months, 1862-3, in the same regiment.
Disbanded by general order in 1865.
The Lawrence Cadets were originally named for Dr.
Ambrose Lawrence, of Lowell ; and the company was
organized in 1855. In 1860, the name was changed to
National Greys. Its officers have been as follows :
Captain J. A. SAWTELLE held command from the organiza
tion of the company till May 17, 1861.
Lieutenants JAMES H. WARD, ENOCH W. BARKER,
JAMES W. HART, FRANCIS N. CARR, E. W. RICHARDSON,
CHARLES E. PEVEY, P. V. THOMAS, R. H. TYLER, AN
DREW J. JOHNSON, GEORGE W. LAWRENCE.
The Greys promptly responded to the Governor s call,
and assembled in Huntington Hall, on the morning of
the 16th, with companies C, D, and H, where a great
and intensely excited crowd had assembled to say good-
by. The Mayor, Hon. B. C. Sargent, addressed them,
and they departed, as already related.
The company roster, with such facts appended as I
have been able to procure, reads thus :
Captain, JOSIAH A. SAWTELLE, Lowell ; promoted Major, May
17 ; Lieut.-Col. 26th Mass., 3 years.
Lieutenant, ANDREW J. JOHNSON, Lowell; 1st Lieut. Co. A,
26th Mass.; discharged, April 10, 1862.
" ANDREW C. WRIGHT, Lowell; Capt. Co. A, 6th
Mass., 9 months; resigned, November, 1862.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 91
Sergeant, ENOCH J. FOSTER, Lowell ; 1st Lieut. 6th Mass.,
9 months ; discharged, sick, and died.
" GEORGE M. DICKERMAN, Lowell ; Capt., May 18, 1861.
Capt. Co. A, 26th Mass. ; prisoner in Shenandoah
" GEORGE W. SNELL, Lowell ; 2d and 1st Lieut. Co.
A, 6th Mass., 9 months; Capt., January, 1865,
" JOHN F. SWETT, Lowell.
Corporal, LINUS M. CADWELL, Lowell ; N. H., Color Serg.
" W. F. LOVREIN, Lowell; Serg. Maj. 6th Mass., 9
months; U. S. R. R. service, prisoner, 1864.
" ALFRED J. HALL, Lowell; 2d Lieut, and Capt. 6th
Mass., 9 months.
" JOHN W. CARTER, Lowell.
" SOLOMON CLARK, Lowell; 2d Lieut. 6th Mass., 9
" AARON ANDREWS, Lowell; discharged at Relay
House, May 16, 1861.
Musician, FRANK W. GREENWOOD, Lowell ; Drum Major,
" LEWIS A. YOUNG, Lowell ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
Julius T. Adams, Lowell ; Mass.
Oren L. JBowker, Lowell ; since in a Maine regiment.
Frederic A. Barren, Lowell ; 2d Sharpshooters, 1 Mass.
John Bulmer, Lowell ; Co. A, 26th Mass.
Isaac Chesley; Lowell.
1 The Second Massachusetts Sharpshooters were attached to the Mas
sachusetts Fifteenth and subsequently to the Twentieth. The history of
those regiments includes that of this company.
92 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
George S. Crocker, Lowell; 6th Mass., 9 months.
Horace T. Durgin, Lowell.
George W. Dightman, Lowell ; N. H.
Charles F. Emerson, Lowell ; Co. A, 26th Mass.
John Foss, Lowell ; since in Mass.
John Frost, Lowell ; Co. A, 26th Mass.
Joseph Fields, Lowell ; Co. A, 26th Mass.
Frank R. Grout, Lowell ; Co. A, 26th Mass.
Andrew J. Herrick, Lowell ; Co. A, 6th Mass., 9 months ; died
November 30, 1863.
Thomas H. Huntington, Lowell ; Co. A, 6th Mass., 100 days.
A. J. Howe, Lowell.
Winthrop H. Hall, Lowell ; Adj. 23d Maine.
William H. Higson, Lowell.
Gilb rt A. Hood, Lowell ; 2d Mass. 1 H. A. or 1st Mass. Batt, killed.
James F. Hudson, Lowell ; Co. D, 26th Mass.
Stephen Homans, Lowell ; 33d Mass. 2
Alfred G. Jones, Lowell; Sergt. Co. C, 27th Mass. 3
William H. Luce, Lowell.
Joseph Marshall, Lowell; Sergt. Co. G, 19th Mass. 4
1 The Second Masssachusetts Heavy Artillery left for the seat of war in
the beginning of 1864, and was distributed along the coast of Virginia
and North Carolina, in various fortifications.
2 The Thirty-third Massachusetts left the state, August 14, 1862, and
was encamped near Washington till January, 1863. It has taken part in
the battles of Gettysburg, Chattanooga, and Lookout Mountain, and has a
3 The Twenty-seventh Massachusetts was raised in the western part of
the state, and was mustered September 20, 1861. It took part in the
principal engagements in North Carolina, and did valiant service.
4 The Nineteenth Massachusetts was organized at Lynnfield, and left
Massachusetts under Col. Hinks, August 28, 1861. They were in Ball s
Bluff, before Richmond, second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Get-
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 93
Charles Miner, Lowell ; in Mass.
Robert Motley, Lowell ; Navy.
Bradford S. Norton, Lowell ; Co. A, 26th Mass.
Merrill D. Pevey, Lowell ; 1st N. H. Batt.
William H. Packard, Lowell ; 1st Mass. Sharpshooters. 1
Gordon Reed, Lowell ; in Mass.
J. G. Reed, Lowell.
Charles H. Richardson, Lowell ; 26th Mass.
Martin Richards, Lowell.
Scott Stewart, Lowell ; Mass, killed.
Warren M. Tuck, Lowell ; re-enlisted in
James M. Torsey ; 1st Sergt. 6th Mass., 9 months.
Henry M. Woodward ; Sergt. 6th Mass., 9 months.
COMPANY B, GROTON.
Re-enlisted as a company in the same regiment, in the nine months
and one hundred days campaigns. It still retains its organization.
With the exception of the Ancient and Honorable
Artillery, Boston, this is probably the oldest military
company now existing in the state. Amos Farns worth,
of Groton, was commissioned as first lieutenant of a
company of artillery, October 19, 1778, to be attached
to the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment. It had, at that
time, been in the habit of meeting for drill since 1775,
and was commanded by Capt. William Swan. Lieut.
Farnsworth s commission, signed by fifteen members of the
Council of Massachusetts Bay , is here printed verbatim :
tysburg, and other great battles, in all of which, they have covered them
selves with glory.
1 The First Company Sharpshooters was attached to the Massachusetts
Nineteenth, and shared the dangers and honors of that regiment.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
") The Major part of the Council of
State of Massachusetts, v
\ Massachusetts Bay, in New England,
To Amos Farnsworth, Gentleman, Greet
ing: You being appointed First Lieu
tenant of a Company of Matrossep Com-
[SEAL.] manded by William Swan, raised in the
Sixth Regiment of Militia, in the County
of Middlesex, whereof Jonathan . Reed,
Esquire, is Colonel, to Rank as Captain ;
By virtue of the Power vested in us, We
Jon. Powell do by these Presents, (reposing Special
Artemas Ward Trust and confidence in your Loyalty,
T Gushing Courage, and good Conduct,) Commission
Benj Austin you accordingly. You are therefore
H Gardner carefully and diligently to discharge the
J Hopkins Duty of a first Lieutenant, in Leading,
Saml Danielson ordering, and exercising said Company in
N Gushing Arms, both Inferior Officers and Soldiers,
B. White and to keep them in Good Order and Dis-
Danl Davis cipline, and they are hereby commanded
Oliver Prescott to obey you as their first Lieutenant, and
Oliver Wendall you are yourself to observe and follow
A S Fuller such orders and instructions as you shall
E Brooks from Time to Time receive from the
F M. Dana Major Part of the Council, or your Supe
Given under our hands, and the Seal of the said State, at
Boston, the nineteenth day of October, in the year of our Lord
By the Command of the
John A very Dy Secraty
Major part of the Council.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 95
This company has been well known to the people of
Middlesex county, for three generations, as the " GROTON
ARTILLERY." Until the rebellion of 1861 broke out, it
had always kept two brass field-pieces in its possession,
at its head-quarters, though it had, at the same time, for
many years done duty as Company B, Sixth Mass.
In the war of 1812, it was stationed on Dorchester
Heights, commanded by William Farnsworth. It has
uniformly been ready for duty for almost a century.
Some years after, it was attached to the Fifth Regiment
of Artillery, and afterwards it was returned to the Sixth.
I have been able to obtain the following among the
captains and lieutenants previous to 1861. Unfortu
nately, the books of this ancient company were lost in
Annapolis, in 1861 :
CAPTAINS. James Lewis,* William Farnsworth,* William
Dairy mple,* Aaron Brown,* Jonathan Pierce,* P. G. Prescott
(twice), Sumner Shattuck,* Joel Shattuck, Albert Shattuck,
Andrew Blood,* 1 Andrew Shattuck, Charles Prescott, William
Shattuck (twice), Bradford Russell,* Walter Shattuck, George
Shattuck (twice), T. S. Farnsworth.
LIEUTENANTS. Most of the above, and Charles Blood,
Charles Woolley, Rodney D. Cragin, Ezekiel Needham, Asa T.
Whiting (Pepperell), William P. Taylor (Pepperell), Norman
Kemp (Dunstable), Joseph Fitch. 2
1 Andrew Blood was Lieut.-Colonel, Third Louisiana, Dec. 5, 1862.
2 These names are recollected and furnished me by Colonel Walter
96 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
April 15, 1861, late in the day, Capt. Clark re
ceived a despatch from his colonel, to report for duty
the next morning, at seven o clock, in Lowell ; and,
though the members were scattered through eight or
ten towns, at the designated time the company was on
hand, " armed and equipped, as the law directs," and
sustained itself nobly in the part assigned it.
Captain, EUSEBIUS S. CLARK, Groton ; Capt. in 26th Mass. ; also
Maj. July 29, 1862; wounded, Shenandoah ; died,
Winchester, Oct. 1864.
1st Lieutenant, GEORGE F. SHATTUCK, Groton; promoted to 1st
Lieut. May 2 ; Capt. in 6th Mass., 9 months,
and 100 days.
2d Lieutenant, SAMUEL G. BLOOD, Groton ; 1st Lieut, in 9 months
campaign, 6th Mass.; Ensign in Navy, 1864.
Sergeant, E. DEXTER SAWTEL, Groton ; 2d Lieut, in 6th Mass.,
9 months; killed, Jan. 30, 1863.
" WILLIAM T. CHILDS, Groton ; Sergt. in 6th Mass., 9
months; 1st Lieut, in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
" WOOD J. BURGESS, Groton.
" JOHN S. COOKE, Groton ; 1st Lieut. 26th Mass., 3 years;
also Q. M. and Capt. in same.
" JOSEPH STEDMAN, Medfield, Capt. and Lieut.-Col. in
Mass. 42(1,* 9 months; also Lieut-Colonel in 100
days ; now a physician in Roxbury.
Corporal, GEORGE K. CRAGIN, Groton.
" ABBOTT A. SHATTUCK, Groton; 1st Lieut, in 25th
U. S. Colored Reg. ; also, Capt. in the same.
1 The Forty-second Massachusetts was a nine months regiment, organ
ized in November, 18G2, under Col. Burrill. Its career was a very event
ful one, chiefly in the Department of the Gulf.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 97
Corporal, JOSEPH A. BACON, Groton ; 2d Lieut. 9 months, 6th
Mass. ; also, 100 days, 6th Mass., 1864.
" CHARLES H. W. HAYNES, Groton; 3 years in llth
U. S. Regulars.
Musician, EUGENE A. TURNER, Groton.
" SOLOMON STORY, JR., Dunstable; Musician in 1st
Mass. Heavy Art. 1
Avander N. Blood, Pepperell; returned with the music by
order of the Mayor of Baltimore.
Amos L. Ames, Groton; joined Relay House, May 20.
Theodore Brigham, Groton.
John N. Brown, Groton ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
George V. Barrett, Shirley ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ;
1st Lieut, in Mass.
D. F. Blighton, New York.
Charles F. Cox, Groton.
Aaron Carter, Pepperell ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ;
26th Mass; killed in Shenandoah Valley.
Henry A. Dickson, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ;
Ord. Sergt. 33d Mass.
Samuel R. Dickerman, Pepperell ; joined at Relay House, May
20 ; 1st Lieut, in N. H.
George A. Fullick Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20; 26th
Mass. ; killed in Shenandoah Valley.
i The First Massachusetts Heavy Artillery was raised as the Fourteenth
Infantry, and left Massachusetts, August 7, 1861. It remained in the forts
around Washington nearly three years, with the exception of one com
pany, which was in the Winchester fight. During the last scenes of the
war, it experienced great losses, and achieved great honor.
98 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Benjamin Ford, Groton ; 26th Mass.
Thomas Gilson, Groton ; Corp. 6th Mass., 9 months ; in U. S.
George A. Gleason, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ;
26th Mass; reenlisted, wounded, and died in Washington.
Adams J. Hartwell, Groton ; 36th Mass. ; J died in service.
Timothy W. Heald, Carlisle ; Sharpshooters ; wounded.
Samuel D. Hoyt, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ;
2d Lieut. 26th Mass.
Russell O. Houghton, Lunenburg; joined at Relay House, May
20 ; 2d and 1st Lieut. 26th Mass.
Samuel J. Jaquith, Groton ; Q. M. Sergt. - N. H. Cav.
George D. Jaquith, Groton ; 7th N. H.
Frederick A. Jones, Townsend ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ;
Edwin H. Knowlton, Groton; 26th Mass.
Rufus Livermore, Groton ; Lieut, in R. I. Cavalry.
Charles M. Lovejoy, Townsend ; joined at Relay House, May
20 ; 6th Mass., 9 months, Corp.
Benjamin Mclntire, Dorchester.
Charles E. Moore, Groton.
Robert Munroe, Groton ; 26th Mass. ; discharged for disability.
Noah J. Moulton, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ;
George V. Mansur, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ;
Andrew J. Ockington, Groton.
William H. Priest, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; in
26th Mass. ; killed in service.
1 The Thirty-sixth Massachusetts entered the U. S. service September,
1862, and was in the battle of Fredericksburg; and then went West, and
saw Vicksburg fall, and participated in the glories of, the Mississippi cam
paign. It has suffered incredible hardships and privations.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 99
Henry J. Parker, Townsend; joined at Relay House, May 20 ;
1st Lieut. 33d Mass. ; killed, May 15, 1864.
John Quigg, Pepperell ; joined at Relay House, May 20.
James L. R. Russell, Groton ; 26th Mass.
John Reed, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20.
James E. Richardson, Winehendon ; joined at Relay House, May
Wm. E. Sartell, Pepperell ; joined at Relay House, May 20.
Josiah F. Sartell, Pepperell; joined at Relay House, May 20 ;
32d Mass. 1
Geo. H. Stall, Groton ; Sergt. 6th Mass., 9 months.
John R. Shattuck, Pepperell.
Andrew J. Shattuck, Pepperell ; joined at Relay House, May 20.
Henry E. Smith, Groton ; Sergt. 33d Mass.
John S. Selden, Pepperell.
Ansel A. Stall, Lunenburg ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ;
Mass. ; died at Washington.
Geo. N. Spalding, Townsend ; joined at Relay House, May 20.
Daniel M. Sidlinger, Townsend ; joined at Relay House, May 20.
Alfred A. Tolman, Boston.
Henry E. Tozier, 2 Groton ; Orderly Sergt. 3 years, 8th Maine ;
reenlisted ; became Lieut., then Capt. ; and shot through the
heart, Dec., 1864.
Benjamin Thompson, Groton ; 26th Mass.
Wm. H. Tenney, Groton.
1 The Thirty-second Massachusetts was raised on the basis of the First
Battalion in the winter of 1861-2. It was before Richmond, at Antietam,
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg.
2 Rev. J. Eastwood, Chaplain of the Massachusetts Universalist Soldiers
Mission, who describes his last moments, characterizes him as a splendid
soldier, and a noble man. His last words were, " Boys, take off my sabre:
don t let it fall into the enemy s hands ! "
100 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Stephen W. Wheeler, Shirley ; 26th Mass.
Salmon Whitney, Groton; 52d Mass. 1 ; 9 months; died after
Franklin Wilson, Groton.
Chas. H. Whitney, Groton.
Chas. H. Wright, Pepperell.
Henry C. Wynn, Pepperell ; joined at Relay House, May 20.
Wm. N. Warren, Pittston, Me. ; joined at Kelay House, May 20.
Henry F. Whitcomb, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20.
Robert F. Webb, Townsend ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ;
Sergt. Mass. ; killed.
Ransom C. Watson, Townsend ; joined at Relay House, May 20.
COMPANY C, LOWELL.
Re-enlisted in the same regiment, in the Nine Months and in the
Hundred Days Campaign. It is still an organized company.
The old MECHANIC PHALANX, one of the most cele
brated companies in the State, and now one of the oldest,
was organized in Chelmsford, now Lowell, February 16,
1825, in answer to the prayer of Isaac Anthony and
others, as a part of the Third Regiment, Second Brigade,
and Third Division. The enlisting papers were signed
by Col. John Baldwin, of Billerica. The original mem
bers were :
1 The Fifty-second Massachusetts was recruited in Hampshire and
Franklin counties, and proceeded to the Gulf Department Nov. 19, 1862.
It completed its campaign of nine months at Port Hudson, Baton Bouge,
and the other famous places in that region ; arid was the first regiment
to make the voyage of the Mississippi after the fall of Vicksburg and Port
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 101
James Derby, Captain ; Leonard Mitchell, Lieutenant ; Thomas
J. Greenwood, Ensign ; Sergeants N. S. Ramsay,* H. S. Smith,
Thomas Mayo, Isaac Anthony ; Corporals Daniel Ferguson,
Ezekiel Merrill, Nath l Currier, Judson W. Rice ; * Musicians
Luke Holt, John T. Spofford, AVarren Cudworth,* Ephraim An
drews, 1 W. P. Q. Badger ; Privates Pardon Derby ,Wm. Davis,*
Danford Atherton,* Abram Van Doom, John Houghton, John
Jewett, Samuel P. Emerson, Elisha Bunce, John Abbott, Samuel
W. Brown,* John P. Emmes, Hiram Chase, John L. Haines,
Daniel Hall,* Albert Griswold, Luther Anthony, Geo. W. Hovey,
Prentiss Richardson,* Richard Bartlett, Moses Quinby, J. R. Pur-
rington, Samuel Tower, John Newman, Paul Hills,* Carlton
Reed, Leander P. Cobb.
The officers of the company from its organization to
the year 1861 were :
Captains James Derby, T. J. Greenwood, Daniel Ferguson,
* N. S. Ramsay, * Hiram Cobbett, Jona. Kendall, * James Dennis,
O. W. Bailey, * Timothy G. Tweed, James M. Varnum, J. G.
Peabody, * I. W. Beard, Chas. Stanley, J. L. Huntress, T. G.
Farmer, A. W. Adams, Ephraim Hartwell, V. Garson, J. G.
Chase, E. Stackpole, A. S. Follansbee. Lieutenants Wm. Mil
ler, and most of the foregoing ; Wm. H. Oliver, J. Brooks Brad
ley, J. J. Dana, J. J. Burgess, Leonard Brown, John Billings,
J. M. Dodge, David Emerson, Joseph Stevens, W. H. Clemence,
Samuel Bentley, G. H. Pearsons, H. K. Barnard, A. R. Brown,
C. S. Hopkins, Reuben Frye, J. R. Melvin, J. L. Rollins, J. B.
Kimball, John McCarty, Sumner Hylan, John Mack, Thos. D.
Bradley, S. D. Shipley, J. W. Hadley.
1 Mr. Andrews was drum major " off and on" for some thirty years.
102 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
The Phalanx received orders at 8 o clock, p. M., April
15, and reached Boston the next day at noon, and pro
ceeded with the rest of the regiment to Baltimore.
Captain, A. S. FOLLANSBEE, Lowell ; Col. of 6th Mass., 9 months,
in 1862-3, and also 100 days in 1864.
First Lieutenant, SAMUEL D. SHIPLEY, Lowell. (1st Lieut
GEORGE II. PIERSON,* of Dracut, discharged, April
22,1862.) Capt. Co. C., 30th Mass.; also May
Second Lieutenant, JOHN C. JEPSON, Lowell ; Captain Co. C, 6th.
Mass., 9 months, 1862-3.
Sergeant, JOHN W. HADLEY, Lowell ; 1st Lieut, in Co. C, 6th
Mass., 9 months, 1862-3.
" BRENT JOHNSTON, Jr., Lowell ; Capt. Co. F, Mass.
30th ; wounded in Shenandoah Valley, October,
" IRA STICKNEY, Lowell ; Sergt. Co. C, 6th Mass., 100
days in 1865 ; 7th Mass. Batt. 3
1 G. H. Pearson went out as First Lieutenant, but declined to be sworn
into the service, and returned home.
2 The Massachusetts Thirtieth was organized Dec. 31, 1861, and had an
eventful campaign in the vicinity of New Orleans, contributing largely to
the work of regenerating Louisiana. It was engaged in the principal bat
tles of the Lower Mississippi.
3 The Seventh Battery left Boston May 22, 1861, among the first of the
three years men, under command of Capt. Phineas A. Davis. It was
stationed in South-eastern Virginia some two years, at Fortress Monroe and
Suffolk, where it did excellent service. It was stationed a short time in
New York, during the riots, and spent its last few months in New Orleans.
The writer of this sketch saw it under trying circumstances, and can tes
tify to its valor and efficiency.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 103
Sergeant, THOS. O. ALLEN, Lowell; Adjutant 6th Mass., 9 months;
and Major 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Corporal, JOHN H. LAKIN, Lowell; Sergt. Co. C, 6th Mass., 9
" ISAAC N. MARSHALL, Lowell ; 2d Lieut. Co. C, 6th
Mass., 9 months, 1832-3.
" CHARLES H. ARLIN, Lowell.
" RICHARD A. ELLIOTT, Lowell ; 2d Lieut. Co. C, 30th
Mass. ; transferred to 2d Louisiana as Adjutant.
Musician, ANDREW J. BURBANK ; Corp. Co. C, 6th Mass., 9
" JOSEPH J. DONAHUE ; Lieut, in N. H. ; Adjutant
10th N. H.
John Arlin, Lowell; joined the company in Boston, April 16 ;
7th Mass. Batt.
Seth Bonney, Lowell ; Lieut, and Capt. 26th Mass., 3 years ; re-
George W. Barnard, Lowell.
Tristram Barnard, Lowell ; joined after the company arrived
Theron A. Bryant, Lowell.
Andrew W. Bartlett, Lowell ; 1st Mass. Cav. ;* wounded at Olus-
tee, Fla., died Beaufort, S. C.
Thomas Burns, Lowell ; in Mass.
Frank Calvert, Montgomery, Ala. ; reached and joined the com
pany May 16, having abandoned business and property for
that patriotic purpose.
1 The First Mass. Cavalry was organized in September, 1861, and the
different battalions of this " the eyes of the army " have fought in
Maryland, South Carolina, Virginia, Gettysburg, Florida, and wherever
there has been any considerable fighting; and has always proved itself a
104 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Jeremiah Crowlcy, Lowell.
Edwin R. Clark, Lowell ; returned from New York, sick ; Capt.
Co. B, 30th Mass.
George A. Coburn, Dracut; in 7th Mass. Battery.
Erastus Dennett, Lowell ; Sergt., Co. D, 1st Mass. Cavalry.
Charles W. Doming, Lowell ; Colonel s Clerk.
Josiah E. Flanders, Lowell ; 13th N. H.
George D. Fairbanks, Lowell.
Charles E. Fitzpatrick, Billerica ; joined at Relay House, June 3d.
Albert George, Lowell ; 3d Mass. Batt. 1 ; 2d Lieut. 1st Mass. H. A. ;
re-enlisted in the same.
Reuel Greenleaf, Lowell; Corp. Co. C, Mass. 30th; killed, La. ;
Benj. F. Goddard, Lowell ; 1st Sergt. 9 months, 6th Mass. ;
Capt. Co. C, Gth Mass. 100 days.
Daniel W. Gray, Lowell ; 1st N. H. Battery.
Amaziah N. Goodwin, Lowell ; Lieut. 9th Maine ; killed.
Moses Harmon, Lowell ; 15th Mass. Battery. 2
Frank C. Horn, Lowell.
Thomas B. Johnson, Lowell ; joined at Relay House, May 27 ;
Lieut. 30th Mass.; wounded, Shenandoah, October, 1864.
William C. Kent, Lowell ; in Berdan s Sharpshooters.
Charles P. Lord, Lowell ; Lieut. 8th Maine.
Martin V. B. Libbey, Lowell.
George Lawrence, Boston ; 13th N. H.
Angus McKenzie, Lowell ; Corp. Co. F, Mass. 33d ; died in the
Wm. B. McCurdy, Lowell ; Sergt. 6th Mass., Co. C, 9 months
1st Lieut. 100 days.
1 The Third Mass. Battery s history is the honorable history of the Ar
my of the Potomac from October, 1861, till October, 1864. Its three years
were most eventful.
2 The Fifteenth Light Battery was mustered Feb. 17, 18G3, and was sta
tioned in the Gulf Department. It was commanded by Capt. T. Pearson.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 105
Joseph Mansur, Lowell ; joined at Relay House, June 1st.
Baldwin T. Peabody, Lowell ; 1st Lieut. Co. G, 33d Mass. ; dis
charged, March, 1863.
TVm. H. Phelan, Lowell.
Dudley M. Prescott, Lowell ; Capt. Mass. 33d.
Henry H. Pearsons, Bloom ington, 111. ; joined at Washington,
April 22d ; Capt. and Col. . N. H. ; killed.
Edward C. Rice, Lowell.
Geo. TV. Swain, Lowell ; Corp. in Co. C, 6th Mass., 9 months ;
died Dec. 24, 1862.
Eniilius Stackpole, Lowell ; died after leaving service.
Charles B. Stinson, Lowell ; wounded in Baltimore (nose broken) ;
and discharged May 9th ; Sergt. Mass. 30th ; discharged ; 4th
Mass. H. A. 1
Joseph F. Tebbetts, Lowell ; Sergt., 33d Mass. ; Veteran Reserve
Alexander Wilson, Dracut.
Merrill S. Wright, Lowell; joined April 28, in Washington ; de
tailed to convey killed to Boston. *
James L. Williams, Tewksbury ; joined, Washington, April 28 ;
reentered the service, Mass. 33d.
COMPANY D, LOWELL.
The City Guards was organized Sept. 21, 1841. It
has served through the three campaigns, and still holds its
organization. Its Captains have been Edward Beal,
Abijah Watson, James Townsend, Benj. F. Butler, 2
1 The Fourth Mass. Heavy Artillery was raised during the very last of
the war, and is still in the service.
2 The name of Benj. F. Butler appears on the roster of the company, and
on that of the regiment, in each grade up to that of Colonel. It has since
been indelibly written on the pages of the country s history.
106 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Geo. F. Sawtelle, Swan L. Lesure, Samuel Lawrence,
Benson Hazleton, Ezekiel Eastman, R. B. Cavevly, A. S.
Follansbee, 1 J. W. Hart.
Lieutenants. Most of the above, and E. Messinger,
James L. Huntress, Francis Bowers, S. J. Varney, M.
N. Home, Benj. P. Twiss, S. S. Stacy, Henry A. Sar
gent, John E. Ames, James S. Coleman, Wm. H. Lam-
son, 2 Nath l P. Melvin, James T. Lancaster, Chas. H.
Arlin, Wm. F. Persons, Andrew C. Wright, Andrew J.
Johnson, Chas. F. Williamson, Levi Stiles, Levi Wood :
bridge, D. H. Gordon, E. Simonds, C. J. Shackford,
Timothy Pearson, 3 Stillman Bushee.
Co. D was equally zealous with the other Lowell com
panies, and suffered most severely of all, as it was on the
extreme left of the column, when attacked.
Captain, JAMES W. HART, Lowell; Capt Co. D, 6th Mass., 9
months; Capt. also Co. D, 100 days.
First Lieutenant, CHARLES E. JONES, Lowell ; Capt Co. G, Mass.
33d ; discharged, March 28th, 1863.
Third Lieutenant, SAMUEL C. PINNEY, Lowell; 1st Lieut. Co.
D, 9 months, (6th Mass.) 1st Lieut. Co. D, 100 days,
Fourth Lieutenant, LLEWELLYN L. CRAIG, Lowell.
1 Captain of Co. C, and afterwards Colonel of the Sixth.
2 Lieutenant in Twenty-sixth Massachusetts, and Major Thirty-third
3 Timothy Pearson was Captain of the Fifteenth Massachusetts Battery,
raised in 1863.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 107
Sergeant, WILLIAM H. LAMSON, Lowell; wounded in Baltimore,
eye and head, paving stones ; Co. D, 26th Mass.,
1st Lieut.; 33d Mass. Major; discharged March
" JOHN E. EAMES, Lowell ; wounded in Baltimore, and
returned home ; died after leaving service.
" FRANK L. SANBORN, Lowell ; 26th Mass., discharged.
" WM. P. CUMMINGS, Lowell; Sergt. 9 months, Co. D,
" JOHN H. GILMORE, Lowell.
Corporal, ARTHUR J. WITHEY, Lowell ; 33d Mass.
" AMORY W. WEBBER, Lowell; Co. L, 3d Mass.
" WINSLOW A. DODGE, Lowell; Sergt. Co. G, 33d
Mass. ; discharged.
" JOSEPH L. WOOD, Lowell ; Corp. 1st Sharpshooters.
Musician, CHARLES H. EDMONDS, Lowell.
George Alexander, Lowell; wounded April 19th, Baltimore,
head, brick; Co. D, Mass. 30th.
William H. Bickford, Lowell ; Sergt. 26th Mass. ; died in service.
John R. Chamberlain. Lowell ; Co. A, Mass. 26th ; discharged.
James Conroy, Lowell ; in Navy.
Chas. Chandler, Cambridge ; wounded in Baltimore, April 19th,
head, brick; Co. G, Mass. 33d; in Navy ; in H. A.
Simeon Chandler, Lowell ; in Mass. ; discharged.
Edmund Colburn, Dracut ; wounded in Baltimore, April 19th;
1 The Third Massachusetts Cavalry left the State, as the Forty-First
Infantry, in November, 1862. In June, 1863, it became a cavalry regi
ment, and has performed extraordinary service in the Gulf Department.
108 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Martin Davis, Dracut ; Wagoner, Co. G, Mass. 33d.
Horace R. Finn, Lowell.
Frederic W. Glover, Groton.
"\Vm. P, Gilmore, Lowell ; 3d Mass. Cav. ; discharged.
Wm. B. Gass, Dracut ; Co. D, Mass. 26th.
Henry L. Huckins, Tewksbury ; Co. G, Mass. 33d.
Aldis B. Harvey, Lowell.
Daniel A. Ham, Lowell.
John A. Jacks, Lowell ; 7th Mass. Battery, discharged.
Alonzo Kincaid, Lowell.
Geo. W. Lovrein, Lowell; wounded in Baltimore, April 19th;
Co. D, Mass. 26th.
Luther C. Ladd, Lowell ; killed in Baltimore, April 19th.
Hiram C. Muzzey, Lowell ; 2d Lieut. Co. D, 6th Mass., 9 months ;
2d Lieut. Co. D, 100 days ; Frontier Cavalry. 1
Robert Marshall, Lowell ; Co. G, Mass. 19th, Vet. Res. Corps.
Hugh F. Mehill, Lowell ; Lieut. Mass. II. A.
Ira W. Moore, Lowell; wounded in Baltimore, April 19th, left
arm, brick; Sergt. Co. B, 30th Mass.; died after leaving
Joseph B. Peaks, Lowell ; in Maine Reg.
Wm. R. Patch, Chelmsford; wounded in Baltimore, April 19.
Andrew S. Peterson, Lowell ; 26th Mass.
John B. Rushworth, Lowell ; Co. F, 33d Mass. ; died 1864.
Henry A. Sinclair, Lowell ; Serg. Co. G, 33d Mass.
James M. Sanborn, Lowell ; Corp. Co. D, 6th Mass. 100 days;
Wm. H. H. Sunderlm, Lowell ; died 1861.
David C. Stevens, Lowell ; wounded in Baltimore ; Co. A,
, Mass. 26th.
1 The Frontier Cavalry was raised in expectation of troubles on the Can
adian frontier. It performed a great deal of provost duty.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 109
Chas. I. Taylor, Lowell ; 3d Mass. Cavalry ; discharged.
Clias. W. Taylor, Lowell.
Edward Taylor, Lowell ; 26th Mass.
Chas. A. Taylor, Boston ; killed and buried in Baltimore, April
Daniel B. Tyler, Lowell; wounded in Baltimore, April 1G, 1861 ;
Co. M, 1st Mass. Cavalry ; discharged.
James O. Winn, Lowell ; Co. H, 26th Mass.
Addison O.Whitney, Lowell; killed in Baltimore, April 19th,
Wm. G. Withington, Lowell; wounded in Baltimore, April 19,
1861 ; Corp. Co. C, 30th Mass.
COMPANY E, ACTON.
Re-enlisted in the Nine Months and One Hundred Days Cam
paigns, still an organized company.
The DAVIS GUARDS, named in honor of Captain Isaac
Davis, who fell at Concord Bridge, in 1775, was or
ganized April 19th, 1851. The members of the com
pany were scattered over a wide area of territory ; but
the night was devoted to transmitting the call to arms ;
and at 4 o clock, at the ringing of bells, the company
assembled to the number of forty. The day was stormy ;
and through the rain, after a sad parting with friends,
the Guards started for Lowell, reaching that city at 7,
A. M. Few in numbers, the company was always
prompt and efficient, and did honor to the name it bears.
The commissioned officers, since the organization and
previous to 1861, are as follows :
110 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Captains. Winthrop E. Faulkner, Daniel Jones,
Rufus Holden, Moses Taylor, Daniel Tattle (twice), A.
C. Handle y (twice).
Lieutenants. All who were captains except Faulk
ner ; and Wm. R. Lothro p, Cyrus Noyes, Wm. F. Wood,
James E. Harris, Abraham H. Jones, Luke Smith, John
D. Moulton, Henry Robinson.
Captain, DANIEL TUTTLE, Acton.
First Lieutenant, WM. H. CHAPMAN, Acton ; Captain Co. E, 26th
Mass., 3 years ; Major and Lieut. Col. 26th Mass. ;
wounded at Winchester, Sept. 19th, 1864.
Second Lieutenant, GEO. W. RAND, Acton ; 2d Lieut. 6th Mass.,
Co. E, 9 months.
Third Lieutenant, SILAS P. BLODGETT, Acton; 2d and 1st Lieut.
26th Mass., Co. E, 3 years.
Fourth Lieutenant, AARON L. FLETCHER, Acton; 1st Lieut. 6th
Mass., Co. E, 9 months.
Sergeant, LUKE SMITH, Acton ; in 26th Mass., Co. E; discharged,
disability; 6th Mass. 100 days, 1864.
" GEO. W. KNIGHT, Acton ; 2d Lieut. Co. E, 6th Mass.,
9 months; 1st Lieut. 100 days.
" HENRY W. WILDER, Stow; 26th Mass., Co. E; killed
Sept. 19th, 1864.
" GRANVILLE W. WILDER, Stow; 26th Mass., Co. E.
discharged, disability; 5th Mass., 1 100 days, 1864.
Corporal, CHARLES JONES, Acton.
1 The Fifth Massachusetts recruited for a hundred days, in the fall of
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. Ill
Corporal, JOHN F. BLOOD, JR., Acton; 26th Mass., Co. E ; dis
" LUKE J. ROBBINS, Acton ; 26th Mass., Co. E, 3 years.
" LEVI ROBBINS, Acton ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
Musician^ GEO. F. CAMPBELL, Acton; Lieut. 118th N. Y. Yols.
" GEORGE RUSSEE, Baltimore, Md. ; 20th Mass. 1
George Blood, Acton ; 2d Mass.
John Brown, Stow ; Sergt. 23th Mass. ; wounded, Sept. 19th, died,
Dec. 1864 ; buried in Acton.
Henry L. Bray, Acton; Co. E, 6th Mass., 9 months; Musician
Charles Brooks, Acton ; 26th Mass., 3 years; re-enlisted.
Edward D. Battles, Littleton.
James L. Durant, Littleton.
Aaron J. Fletcher, Acton ; 26th Mass., 3 years ; re-enlisted.
Abel Farran, Acton ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
Henry Gilson, Acton.
Nathan Goss, Acton; 26th Mass., 3 years; re-enlisted.
Wm. H. Gray, Acton ; appointed Hos. Stew. May 7th ; 1st U. S.
Gilman S. Hosmer, Acton; 26th Mass., 3 years; wounded in bat
tle, Oct. 19, 1864; re-enlisted.
Wm. S. Handley, Acton ; 26th Mass., 3 years ; re-enlisted.
Charles Handley, Acton ; accidentally shot while hunting, Jan y
1 The Twentieth Massachusetts left for the seat of war Sept. 4th, 1861,
under command of Col. Wm. Raymond, and was at Ball s Bluff, before
Richmond, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, and
constantly in active service when any was being performed, never failed
to honor itself and the Commonwealth.
112 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
George Jones, Acton ; Co. E, 6th Mass., 9 months.
Waldo Littlefield, Boxboro .
Henry W. Lazell, Acton ; 2Gth Mass. ; died of disease, in New
James Moulton, Acton ; 26th Mass. ; re-enlisted.
Charles II. Moulton, Acton ; 38th Mass. 1 ; died of disease, in Ac
ton, Dec. 26, 1864.
Charles Morse, Acton ; 26th Mass. ; re-enlisted.
John Putnam, Acton ; 26th Mass. ; died in Acton, Dec. 23,
Varnum F. Robbins, Acton ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
William Reed, Acton ; Co. E, 6th Mass., 9 months.
Wm. B. Reed, Acton; 26th Mass.; died in New Orleans in
Chas. W. Reed, Littleton ; - Mass.
Geo. A. Reed, Littleton ; 26th Mass., 3 years ; re-enlisted.
Luke J. Robbins, Acton ; 26th Mass., 3 years.
Ephraim A. Smith, Acton ; 26th Mass. ; discharged, disability.
And. J. Sawyer, Acton; 6th Mass. 9 months; and 100 days, 1864.
Edwin Tarbell, Acton ; appointed Assist. Com., May 17; 26th
Mass., 3 years.
John Whitney, Quincy.
Wm. F. B. Whitney, Acton ; 26th Mass., 3 years ; re-enlisted.
Eben F. Wood, Acton; navy, 1 year; 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Samuel Wilson, Acton.
Hiram Wheeler, Acton.
John Wayne, Acton ; 26th Mass., 3 years ; re-enlisted.
John II. P. White, Acton; 2d and 1st Lieut. 26th Mass.; died
July 10, 1863, in New Orleans.
1 The Thirty-eighth Massachusetts left the Commonwealth September
24, 1862, and was actively engaged in the Lower Mississippi campaigns
and Shenandoah Valley, and has made a brilliant record.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 113
COMPANY F, LAWRENCE.
Consolidated with Company /, in the same regiment, in the Nine
The " WARREN LIGHT GUARD " was organized March
3d, 1855, and was named in honor of General Joseph
Warren. The Lawrence companies received their orders
on the 15th, and with great ardor proceeded to perform
their duty. Early on the morning of the 16th, they
were ready to march to Lowall. Thousands of their
friends and fellow-citizens thronged to bid them adieu,
amid the most intense excitement ; and they were
received in Lowell with the wildest enthusiasm, and
proceeded with the Lowell companies to Boston, and so
on to the scene of strife.
The commissioned officers of this company from its
organization to 1861, and to its consolidation with Com
pany I in 1862, were as follows :
Captains. Jeffard M. Decker was Colonel of the Tenth Mas
sachusetts in 1858; Lieut-Colonel when the Tenth volunteered for
three years, and served eleven months ; resigned in ill health, and
was Adjutant of the Fifty-second Massachusetts nine months. J. D.
Drew served as Captain in the First New Hampshire during the
61 campaign of three months ; also Major and Lieut-Colonel, New
Hampshire Fourth, for three years. L. Bradley, B. T. Durgin,
B. F. Chadbourne, Melvin Beal. Jerome Cross was Captain
when the company was consolidated with Company I.
Lieutenants. Most of the above ; and Ira Hoford, Franklin
Grant, D. S. Yeaton, 1 Thos. J. Cate, 1 Jesse C. Silver, Andrew J.
1 Served in the war of 1861- 65.
114 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Butterfield, and Charles Stone. Lieut. Stone has since been
Lieutenant and Captain in the Fortieth Massachusetts.
Captain, BENJ. F. CHADBOURNE, Lawrence ; resigned May 4,
Second Lieutenant, MELVIN BEAL, Lawrence; elected Capt.
May 6 ; Lieut.-Col. 6th Mass., 9 months; and 100
Third Lieutenant, THOMAS J. GATE/ Lawrence ; elected 2d
Lieut, May 6; 1st Lieut. 16th U. S. Regulars;
now 1st Lieut, in Col. Inf.
Fourth Lieutenant, JESSE C. SILVER, Lawrence ; elected 3d
Lieut. May 6.
Sergeant, ANDREW J. BUTTERFIELD, Lawrence ; Co. K, 6th
Mass., 9 months.
" CHAS. B. FOSTER, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Heavy Art.
" CHAS. E. DREW, Lawrence ; 1st Lieut. 26th Mass.
" W. MARLAND, Andover ; 1st Lieut, in Nims s Battery. 2
Corporal, GILBERT P. CONVERSE, Lawrence.
" SURRILL FLINT, Lawrence ; Co. I, 6th Mass., 9 mos.
" THOMAS C. AMES, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Heavy Artil
lery ; killed June 16, 1864.
i Lieutenant Gate built the first army ovens, eight in number, in the
basement of the Capitol. They were very busy during the first of the war
in manufacturing the staff of life. Lieutenant C. has since been detailed
at different posts, to the same valuable service.
sNims s Battery [Second Massachusetts] entered the service July 31,
1861, and, after a few months at Fortress Monroe, debarked for the Gulf
Department, April 19, 1862. They took part in the bombardment of
Vicksburg, and in the battles of Baton Rouge, Brashear City, and other
affairs in that locality. It hns nn enviable name.
THE THTCEE MONT PIS CAMPAIGN. 115
Corporal, JAMES A. TROY, Methuen ; 2d and 1st Lieut. 26th
Mass., 3 years.
Musician, JUSTIN H. KENT, Lawrence; 3d Mass. Cavalry, 3
" WESTLEY W. KNOWLTON, Lawrence; N. H.
A. Allen, Lawrence.
Henry Beal, Lawrence ; 2d District of Columbia Regiment.
Geo. F. Bailey, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Cavalry.
Augustus Burrill, Lawrence ; 26th Mass.
William A. Bailey, Lawrence ; 3d Mass. Cavalry.
Chas. F. Belcher, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Romanzo C. Bailey, Lawrence ; Penn.
Chas. H. Cummings, Lawrence.
Wm. S. Carter, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Thos. H. Cooper, Manchester, N. H. ; 30th Mass.
Micajah S. Cole, Manchester, N. H. ; in N. H.
Willard Chaffin, Lawrence ; Mass. Battery.
Oliver W. Chowdrey, Lawrence ; 26th Mass.
Albert L. Dame, Methuen ; 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Lawrence N. Ducheney, Lawrence; 1st Lieut. 1st Mass. Cavalry.
prisoner; Capt. Mass. Battalion, 26th N. Y. Cavalry.
Wm. M. Doil, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Cavalry.
Wm. H. Dyer, Lawrence.
Lyman V. B. Furber, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Cavalry ; discharged ;
Wm. K. Foster, Lawrence ; in Co. I, 6th Mass., 9 months ; in llth
Unattached Heavy Artillery.
Chas. E. Greenlaw, Lawrence ; in Co. H, 4th Mass.* 9 months.
4 The Fourth Massachusetts was recruited at Camp Joe Hooker for nine
months, and sailed for the Department of the Gulf December 27, 1862, and
arrived February 13 ; a part of the regiment having been on shipboard
116 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Enos T. Hill, Lawrence; died 1865.
Frank Hinman, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Cavalry ; killed at Aldie.
Amos G. Jones, Methuen ; 26th Mass., 3 years ; re-enlisted.
Josiah N. Jones, Lawrence ; Capt. 6th N. H.
Frank Kent, Lawrence ; 4th N. H.
Geo. A. Kent, Lawrence; 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Geo. P. Leighton, Lawrence.
Geo. W. Littlefield, Amesbury ; 3d Mass. Cavalry ; killed.
Chas. G. Merrill, Lawrence.
Frank H.Merrill, Lawrence; 40th Mass. May 16, 1864; killed.
John A. Mills, Lawrence.
Geo. W. Morgan, Lawrence ; 3d Mass. Cavalry ; killed.
Benj. G. Morse, Lawrence ; 12th Mass. 1 ; transferred to 39th Mass. 2
James A. Morse, Lawrence.
Wm. I. Patterson, Lawrence ; 25th Mass. 3 ; discharged, disability ;
in Co. I, 6th Mass. 9 months; in llth Unattached Heavy
T. Morton Richardson, Lawrence.
Frank Russell, Lawrence.
forty-seven days. It bore a conspicuous and important part in the siege
of Port Hudson, and other engagements. It was one of the first regiments
to enter the fort at Port Hudson ; and after gallant and efficient service
having been on duty more than two months over its time, it arrived home
1 The Twelfth Massachusetts was raised by Fletcher Webster in the
summer of 1861, and commanded by him till he was killed, Aug. 30, 1862.
It fought at Cedar Mountain, the second Bull Kun, Antietum, Fredericks-
burg, the Wilderness, and Gettysburg.
2 The Thirty-Ninth Massachusetts left Boxford for Washington, Sept. 6,
1862. Up to January, 1863, it was in the defences of Washington. After
that, it was in the various engagements of the Army of the Potomac.
8 The Twenty-Fifth Massachusetts left camp for the seat of war, Oct. 31,
1861. It has been in many engagements from Koanoke to Olustee, and
has always borne itself with honor.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 117
Samuel D. Rogers, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Cavalry.
Frank Sandborn, Methuen ; 26th Mass. ; 59th Mass. ; killed at
Petersburg Mine explosion.
Robert I. Smith, Lawrence.
Charles Stone, Lawrence ; Capt. 3d Mass. Cavalry.
Charles M. Shattuck, Lawrence ; in Navy.
Geo. W. Thurlow, Methuen.
David Tufts, Lawrence ; 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Henry Turkington, Methuen.
Thomas P. Tuttle, Lawrence.
Horace Wentworth, Lawrence ; 30th Mass.
John T. Williams, Lawrence ; 26th Mass.
COMPANY G, WORCESTER.
This ancient company, the " WORCESTER LIGHT IN
FANTRY," was formed in the year 1803, by Governor
Levi Lincoln and others. It served in the war of 1812,
commanded by Captain John W. Lincoln, brother of the
governor. It was formerly Company B, Third Battalion
of Rifles ; but during the first three months of the rebel
lion it was attached to the Sixth. Late in the night of
the 16th April, it received orders to report in Boston at
noon next day, to start for Washington. Its members
were scattered through several towns ; yet, in spite of a
violent storm, ninety-seven men and officers reported for
duty. Several military organizations, and the people en
masse, escorted them to the cars ; and on the evening of
the same day they left Boston. I have not been able,
after much effort, to obtain the officers of the company
previous to 1861.
118 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Captain, HARRSION W. PRATT, Worcester ; Maj. 34th Mass. ; l
wounded Cedar Creek; died Sept. 25, 1864.
First Lieutenant, GEO. W. PROUTY, Worcester ; Capt. Co. D,
51st Mass. 2
Second Lieutenant, THOS. S. WASHBURNE, Worcester ; Capt. in
21st Mass.; 3 discharged March 2, 1862.
Third Lieutenant, J. WALDO DENNY, Worcester ; Capt. in 25th
Fourth Lieutenant, DEXTER F. PARKER, Worcester ; Quarter
master in Couch s Brigade ; also Major 10th Mass. ; 4
died of wounds May 12, 1864.
Sergeant, JOHN A. LOWELL, Worcester; 1st Lieut. 34th Mass.
Capt. do., June 25, 1863.
" J. STEWART BROWN, Worcester ; Adjt. 51st Mass.
" CHAS. H. STRATTON, Worcester ; Sergt. in 25th Mass.
u JAMES A. TAYLOR, Worcester; llth U. 5\ Infantry.
Corporal, JOEL H. PROUTY, Worcester ; 2d Lieut. Co. D, 51st
1 The Thirty-Fourth Massachusetts left the State Aug. 15, 1862, and
remained for some time near Washington and Harper s Ferry, performing
guard and picket duty. During the last year of the war, it was in nine
battles and several skirmishes, and experienced severe losses.
2 The Fifty-First Massachusetts left Boston Nov. 25, 1862, for nine
months service. It was stationed in North Carolina till June 24,
long enough to earn the names " Kinston," Whitehall," and " Golds-
boro ," on its flag, and then left for Fortress Monroe, arriving home
8 The Twenty-first Massachusetts left Massachusetts Aug. 23, 1861, for
three years service. It had a most eventful experience, the history of
which will doubtless one day be written.
4 The Tenth Massachusetts left Boston July 26, 1861, and was before
Richmond, and at Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg, Rappahannock Sta
tion, &c. It was commanded by Colonel Henry S. Briggs.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 119
Corporal, EDWARD S. STONE, Worcester; Sergt. Co. D, 51st
Mass. ; discharged, disability, Nov. 25, 1862.
" BROWN P. STOWELL, Boston.
" WM. H. HOBBS, Worcester.
Musician, EDWARD STALLWORTH, Worcester.
" WM. C. ROUND Y, Worcester.
Caleb F. Abbott, Worcester ; in Reed s Mounted Rangers.
Benj. F. R. Alden, Worcester ; in 25th Mass.
E. W. Alden, Worcester; in 22d Mass. 1
John W. Bacon, Worcester.
Algernon S. Badger, Boston ; 2d Lieut, in 26th Mass. ; Capt. 1st
David H. Ball, Worcester ; Com. Dept. Couch s Brigade,
Thos. E. Ballard, Worcester; llth U. S. Regular Infantry; died
Wm. F. Belser, Worcester; 2d and 1st Lieut. 34th Mass.
Henry Bemis, Worcester ; Sergt. 7th Conn.
Robert M. Brainard, Worcester.
Joseph L. Brown, Worcester ; Sergt. 7th Conn.
John E. Caligan, Worcester. *
Edwin A. Campbell, Worcester ; 25th Mass., or 5th N. Y. Cav
Edward C. Capron, Worcester ; 31st Mass. 2
Luther Capron, Jr., Worcester; 1st Lieut. Co. D, 51st Mass. 2
1 The Twenty-Second Massachusetts left the State Oct. 1, 1861. It
was recruited by Hon. Henry Wilson. It has been one of the most gal
lant in the service.
2 The Thirty-First Massachusetts sailed from Boston Feb. 21, 1862, and
has since been in the Department of the Gulf. It has ever been con
spicuous in the stirring scenes of that department.
120 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Thos. J. Casey, Worcester.
Joseph Clissold, Worcester.
Thos. E. Cogger, Newburyport.
Wm. Conner, Worcester; 25th Mass.; discharged March 30,1863.
David W. Corson, Worcester.
Moses W. Comsett, Worcester.
Geo. H. Conklin, Worcester; 31st Mass.; in Unattached Artil
lery, Co. A.
Marcus Curtis, Worcester.
Charles E. Dart, Worcester.
John B. Dennis, Norwich, Conn. ; Capt. 7th Conn.
Thos. A. Doherty, Worcester; 31st Mass.
E. L. Drury, Worcester.
Luke T. Drury, Worcester ; 25th Mass.
Jce Dyson, Worcester ; 15th Mass. 1
John Emerson, Milbury.
Josiah S. Estabrook, Worcester.
Adam. Gurnhard, Worcester.
Rudolph Hacker, Worcester; Sergt. 25th Mass.
Henry Hardy, Worcester ; U. S. Navy.
Ira B. Hastings, Worcester; 15th Mass.
Henry R. Haven, Worcester ; U. S. Navy.
Edward S. Hay, Worcester; U. S. Navy.
John Henry, Worcester.
Orlando Hodgkins, Worcester ; Sergt. 25th Mass.
Geo. A. Houghton, Worcester.
Adalbert D. V. Hoar, Danielsville, Conn. ; Sergt. 7th Conn.
Church Howe, Worcester; promoted Quar. Mast. Sergt. GthMass. ;
Capt. 15th Mass.
1 The Fifteenth Massachusetts left Worcester for Washington Aug. 8,
1861. It has been in most of the battles from Ball s Bluff till the summer
of 1864, a gallant regiment.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 121
George P. Johnson, Springfield ; Captain of Ordnance, Strong s
John M. Knapp, Worcester ; 25th Mass.
Frederick J. Kidder, Worcester.
Samuel O. La Forest, South Boston ; 1st Lieut. 21st Mass.; Capt.
Co. H,47th Mass. 1
William Lincoln, Worcester.
Henry Lawrence, Barre.
George F. Minter, Boston ; sent home sick from Camp Relay.
Charles A. Moulton, Worcester; discharged, disability, May 18.
John F. Methven, Worcester.
John F. Mulcahy, Worcester.
Myron J. Newton, Worcester, 3d R. I.
Dennis H. Nolan, Boston.
Edward B. Perry, Worcester; Navy.
William H. Piper, Worcester.
J. M. T. Pierce, Worcester ; Com. Dept, Couch s Brigade.
Elbridge M. Rice, Worcester.
Joseph O. Rice, Worcester.
Henry M. Richter, Worcester ; was in Crimean war; 1st Lieut.
25th Mass. ; died June, 18C3.
Calvin Riggs, Worcester.
Meilleux Seif, Worcester ; was in Crimean war ; Sergt. 20th
Mass ; killed at Ball s Bluff.
James D. Shaw, Worcester.
Dennis M. Shehan, Worcester ; 2d Lieut. 25th Mass. ; wounded
at Roanoke; discharged Feb. 6, 1863.
George Schwartz, Worcester.
J. Baxter Smith, Worcester.
1 The Forty-Seventh Massachusetts left for New Orleans Nov. 29, 1862,
for nine months service in the Department of the Gulf, and returned to
Boston Aug. 18, 1863, after valuable service to the country.
122 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
John W. Stiles, Worcester; 2d Lieut. 34th Mass.; discharged
June 27, 1863.
Timothy Sweeney, Holliston.
Thomas Talbot, Worcester ; went to Ireland.
Edwin P. Thompson, Worcester.
John F. Towle, Worcester.
Charles P. Trumbull, Worcester ; Quar. Mas. 34th Mass.
Peter J. Turner, Worcester ; 1st Lieut. 4th R. I.
William H. Valentine, Worcester; 2d and 1st Lieut. 21st Mass.;
Capt., Sept., 1863.
Albert C. Walker, Worcester ; 1st Lieut. 34th Mass. ; died of his
wounds Aug. 23, 1864.
Frederick Weigand, Worcester; was in Crimean war; 2d Lieut.
25th Mass. ; discharged March, 1862.
Charles E. Whipple, Springfield.
A. J. Whitcomb, Worcester ; 7th R. I.
Daniel Wilkins, Worcester.
James Wilkins, Worcester ; Sergt. 5th N. Y. Cavalry.
Charles H. Wilson, Worcester; llth Mass. 1
John Wolf, Worcester.
Ira Woodcock, Worcester.
J. Wallace Woodward, Worcester.
Silas E. Young, Worcester.
COMPANY H, LOWELL.
Re-enlisted in the same regiment, in the Nine Months Campaign.
Disbanded, by general order , 1865.
i The Eleventh Massachusetts was organized May 9, 1861, at Fort War
ren, and was at Bull Run, the Peninsula campaign of 1862, and before
Richmond, second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Chancellorville, Gettysburg,
Locust Grove, etc,
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 123
The " WATSON LIGHT GUARD " was organized in the
year 1851, and at the breaking out of the war was pos
sessed of no little esprit du corps. It was named for
Col. Abijah Watson, of Lowell. The officers of the
company, previous to 1861,-were,
Captains. Henry A. Sargent, A. Mason Hyde, Andrew Blood
(Capt. 26th Mass.), Jonathan Ladd (Paym r in U. S. service),
John F. Noyes.
Lieutenants. George E. Davis (Adjt. 26th Mass.), Charles H.
Rodliffe, Benjamin W. Frost (Capt.. 26th Mass.), A. H. Pulcifer
(Lieut, in 6th Mass. 9 months, and Lieut, and Capt. in 2d Mass.
Heavy Artillery), Frank E. Jewett, B. W. Davis, D. D. Colby,
David E. Grimes, I. N. Wilson (Capt. U. S. service), Andrew F
Jewett, C. H. Mansur, Benjamin W. Warren (Capt. 26th Mass.).
Like the other Lowell companies, it received orders on
the evening of April 15th, and the next morning was
ready for action. It of course participated in all the
stirring scenes that characterized the departure of the
Sixth, and that made those days the most exciting that
Lowell ever knew.
Captain, JOHN F. NOTES, Lowell; Capt. 26th Mass. Feb. 7,
1862; discharged Aug. 21, 1362..
First Lieutenant, GEORGE E. DAVIS, Lowell; Adjt. 26th Mass. ;
discharged Dec., 1863.
Second Lieutenant, ANDREW F. JEWETT, Lowell ; acted as Judge
Third Lieutenant, BENJAMIN W. WARREN, Lowell ; Capt. Co. D,
124 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Sergeant, NATHANIEL K. HEED, Lowell; Lieut. 3 Otli Mass. ; 1st
Lieut. Mass. 30th.
" CHARLES E. POOR, Lowell ; 1st Lieut. Co. H, 6th
Mass., 9 months; 1st Lieut. 38th U. S. Colored.
" BENJAMIN W. FROST, Lowell; Capt. Co. H, 26th
Mass., Feb. 7, 18(&
" TIMOTHY A. CROWLEY, Lowell ; carried regimental
flag through Baltimore, April 19 ; Capt. Co. F,
30th Mass.; died Oct. 5, 1862.
Corporal, EDWARD J. GRIMES, Lowell.
" HIRAM W. GORDON, Lowell; Sergt. Co. D, 26th
" CALEB PHILBRICK, Lowell ; Capt. Co. G, 33d Mass.
" WARREN C. CROSBY, Lowell.
Musician, GEORGE KOBERTSON, Lowell ; Corpl. Co. G, 33d Mass.
" LEVI BROWN, Lowell ; Corpl. Co. H, 6th Mass. ; 9
Charles C. Atwood, Lowell ; Co. L, 1st Cavalry.
Frank S. Avery, Lowell ; Co. G, 33d Mass.
John Brady, Lowell.
Charles R. Bills, Lowell ; Co. C, 6th Mass. ; in the Navy since.
Warren L. Braddock, Lowell.
Reuben P. Charters, Lowell; 1st Mass. Batt. ; re-enlisted in same.
Charles F. Clark, Lgwell ; in Co. H, 6th Mass., 9 months; 2d
Raeburn G. Clifford, Lowell; Frontier Service Cavalry, 1865.
George Dobbins, Lowell ; Co. G, 2d Mass.
Edwin Hapgood, Lowell.
Alexander Harper, Lowell; 1st Mass. Battery.
Silas S. Holmes, Lowell ; Sergt. Co. L, 1st Battery; died after
1 leaving service.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 125
Edwin Huckins, Lowell ; - re-enlisted in Mass.
Enoch Ingalls, Lowell.
Geo. F. Johnson, Lowell.
Geo. H. Keene, Lowell ; 59th Mass.
John J. Marshall, Lowell; Lieut. Co. H, 26th Mass.
Edwin P. McCoy, Lowell ; Co. L, 1st Cavalry. *
Angus McGilvery, Boston.
James M. Mitchell, Lowell ; 4th Mass. Battery. 1
Frank J. Milliken, Lowell; Hospital Steward 6th Mass., 9 months.
John H. bourse, Lowell ; Sergt. Co. H, 6th Mass., 9 months.
Chas. P. Palmer, Lowell ; Co. H, 26th Mass.
Albert Pinder, Lowell; 2d Lieut. 6th Mass., Co. H, 9 months
2d Lieut. 59th Mass.; Capt. in same, March 25th, 1865.
Chas. VV. Pucker, Lowell ; Co. D, Mass. 26th ; Capt in Cavalry.
Nathaniel Roberts, Lowell.
Chas. F. Rolf e, Lowell ; 1st Sergt. Co. H, 6 Mass., 9 months.
Daniel W. Russell, Lowell ; Co. K, 19th Mass. ; Lieut. Co. B, 10th
N. H. ; killed in service.
Alfred W. Scaddmg, Lowell.
William Short, Lowell; Co. A, 29th Mass.
Wm. Smith, Lowell; Sergt. Co. F, 33d Mass.
Frederic J. Small, Lowell; 15th Mass. Battery.
Martin V. B. Strong, Lowell; 1st Sharpshooters; killed.
Frederick K. Stafford, Lowell ; promoted to be Drum Major.
Augustus Warren, Lowell.
Joseph B. Whiting, Lowell ; 2d Lieut. Co. D, 26th Mass.
George B. Winn, Lowell; Sergt. Co. H, 26th Mass.; Capt. 3d
Louisiana ; died after leaving service.
Geo. Wilkins, Lowell.
Wm. T. Willis, Lowell ; joined regiment June 3d ; Co. G, 33d Mass.
1 The Fourth Massachusetts Battery left Lowell tor Ship Island, iNov. 20,
1861, and was engaged at Pontichoula and Baton Kouge, and took active
part in several important expeditions.
126 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
COMPANY I, LAWRENCE,
Re-enlisted in the same regiment in the Nine Months Campaign;
also in Ninety Days Campaign, Galloupe s Island, 1865 ; still
an organized company.
The " LAWRENCE LIGHT INFANTRY " was organized
in 1849, and was rallied and reported with the same
promptness that distinguished the other companies. All
that has been previously related of the rest of the regi
ment is equally applicable to them.
The officers in company I were as follows, from 1849
to the present time :
Captains. Samuel C. Oliver,* (Senior Major 2d Mass. Heavy
Artillery), Joseph M. Dodge (died at Acapulco, Cal., June 2, 1852),
Chas. B. Wilkins, Geo. W. Holt,* Lorenzo D. Sargent (Col. 3d.
Mass. Cavalry),* Joshua Pillsbury, John Pickering,* Leverett
Bradley,* Augustine L. Hamilton,* Frederick G. Tyler.*
Lieutenants. Most of the above, and John Phillips, Samuel
J. Thompson, Henry J. Livermore, Daniel Saunders, Jr., Chas.
O. Putnam, Chas. W. Fuller, Elisha T. Merriam (died at New
Orleans, Aug. 1853), Isaac W. Blake, Thos. B. Lour, James
Ward, E. W. Clark, J. G. Abbott,* John Brown, David W. Cook,
G. G. Kimball, J. C. Baker, Richard O. Greenleaf,* Sumner H.
Needham,* Frank Benson,* Gilman S. Ladd,* Geo. W. Cutter,
Stephen D. Stokes,* Edward J. Sherman,* Frank A. Rolfe,*
(Maj. Mass. 1st Heavy Artillery, killed in action), D. S. Yeaton*
(Capt. Mass. 26th, died, New Orleans), Eben H. Ellenwood,*
Eugene J. Mason,* R. G. Barr,* Frederick G. Tyler,* James S.
Roberts,* F. II. Morrill.
* In the above, those marked * have served in the war of 1861-5. Some
forty officers, in various parts of the service, took their first lessons with
the musket in this company, among whom was Col. Sumner Carruth, since
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 127
Captain, JOHN PICKERING, Lawrence ; Capt. in 26th Mass.
First Lieutenant, DANIEL S. YEATON, Lawrence ; Capt. in 30th ;
died Nov. 28, 1862.
Second Lieutenant, A. LAWRENCE HAMILTON, Lawrence ; Capt.
Co. I, 6th Mass., 9 months; also Capt. Co. I, Unat
tached, 90 days.
Third Lieutenant, EBEN H. ELLEN WOOD, Lawrence; 1st Lieut.
Co. I, 6th Mass., 9 months ; also Capt. Co. I, Unat
tached, 90 days.
Fourth Lieutenant, EUGENE J. MASON, Lawrence; 1st Lieut.
40th Mass. ; l resigned Jan. 1863.
Sergeant, STEPHEN D. STOKES, Lawrence ; Capt. 40th Mass. ;
discharged Jan. 1863.
" JOSHUA C. RAMSDEN, Lawrence.
" GEORGE G. DURRELL, Lawrence ; wounded Balti
more, April 19, head, brick; 19th Unattached, 1
year, com. August, 1864.
Corporal, WM. A. HUNTINGTON, Lawrence ; Serg. 26th Mass.
" GEORGE E. YERRINGTON, Lawrence ; 2d Lieut. 26th
Mass. ; 1st Lieut, do ; Major 13th, Corps d Afrique,
La., August, 1863.
" SUMNER H. NEEDHAM, Lawrence; killed in Balti
more, April 19, 1861.
1 The 40th Mass, left the State Sept. 8, 1862, under command of Lieut.-
Col. Dalton, and after some months of duty in the vicinity of Washington,
it went to assist in the defence of Suffolk, then to the Peninsula, and
ultimately to South Carolina, where the regiment was mounted. It then
went to Florida, where it behaved most gallantly at Olustee, and it made
some of the most arduous and brilliant expeditions of the war. When the
writer of this was in Florida, in February, 1864, it had the reputation of
being the best regiment in the department.
128 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Corporal, WM. F. CARLETON, Methuen.
" FREDERIC G. TYLER, Lawrence ; 2d Lieut. Co. I, 6th
Mass., 9 months ; in Co. I, unattached, 90 days.
" ROBERT J. BARR, Lawrence; 2d Lieut. Co. I, 6th
Mass.; killed Dec. 12, 1862.
Musician, JOHN D. EMERSON, Lawrence ; 2d Lieut. 6th Mass.;
100 days, 1864.
" EDWARD CARLTON, Lawrence ; 40th Mass., Lieut,
killed June 3, 1864.
Horace S. Berry, Lawrence ; 40th Mass.
Milton Blood, Lawrence ; 40th Mass. ; killed .
Wm. E. Bardsley, Lawrence.
Edward Caufy, Lawrence ; discharged, disability, May 8 ; 1st
Lieut. 2Gth, Sept. 20, 1861 ; Capt. 26th, Feb. 11, 1862.
Geo. A. Drew, Lawrence ; 4th N. II. ; 1st Lieut. 1st S. C., colored.
Frederick M. Farwell, Lawrence.
Victor O. Freeman, Lawrence.
Victor G. Gingass, Lawrence ; wounded in the arm, April 19,
Michael Green, Lawrence; wounded in the leg, April 19, 1861;
Edwin C. Heath, Lawrence.
John M. Harmon, Lawrence ; Corp. in Co. I, 6th Mass., 9 months.
Joseph Home, Lawrence.
Daniel Harkins, Lawrence.
William Holton, LaAvrence.
John E. Harriman, Lawrence.
Alonzo Joy, Lawrence ; fingers shot off, April 1 9, in Baltimore
Co. G, 30th Mass.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 129
Harry G. Jewell, Lawrence ; wounded in Baltimore.
James S. Knights, Lawrence; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63.
William Knott, Lawrence ; Co. F, 26th Mass. ; re-enlisted.
David Kittredge, Lawrence.
William Miller, Lawrence.
John H. Norton, Lawrence.
John Oliver, Lawrence ; in Co. B, 4th Mass., 9 months.
Samuel B. Pierce, Lawrence ; Co. I, 26th Mass.
John M. Page, Boston.
Henry A. Rolfe, Lawrence ; 26th Mass.
Charles M. Swain, Lawrence ; 2d Lieut. 26th Mass.
Edwin F. Spofford, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Charles H. IStandley, Lawrence.
George W. Shorey, Lawrence ; 26th Mass.
Joseph H. SatFord, Lawrence ; in Co. I, 6th Mass., 9 months.
Hiram A. Stevens, Lawrence.
Caleb Saunders, Lawrence ; 1st Lieut. 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery ;
discharged Dec. 10, 1862.
Charles T. Woodbury, Lawrence; 26th Mass.
Edwin Wentworth, Lawrence; Co. F, 22d Mass., Oct., 1861.
Charles J. Weymouth, Lawrence; Co. I, 26th Mass., Oct., 1861.
COMPANY K, BOSTON.
The " WASHINGTON LIGHT GUARD " was organized in
1810 as the Washington Artillery, and was for a long
time company C of the First Regiment. A few hours
after it was. notified to appear for duty, sixty-four men
reported; and the Guard left with the Sixth, attached to
it for the time being as company K.
The following are among those who served as commis-
130 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
sioned officers since the organization of the company,
previous to 1861 :
Captains. William Cunningham, John Wilson, Ephraim B.
Richards, Isaiah R. Johnson, Danforth White, Samuel D. Steele,
Daniel Cragin, Samuel Steele, Caleb Page, Jerome B. Piper, Wm.
W. Bullock, John B. Whorf, Isaac S. Burrill, Robert Cowdin,
Joseph N. Pennock.
Lieutenants. Most of the Captains ; and D. C. Parkhurst,
Norman Joseph, Saunderson Joseph, H. K. White, Samuel Hink-
son, George C. Oilman, Samuel C. Fiske, William Clarke, Henry
Taylor, Charles Gill, Richard W. Lakeman, Matthew Graham,
James W. Allen, James T. Higgins, Solon Fisher, W. A. Morris,
Samuel Morrison, Hiram Studley, James C. Singleton, William
P. Chase, Levi Flint, S. M. Rogers, J. L. Rogers.
Captain, WALTER S. SAMPSON, Boston; Capt. 22d Mass.; dis
charged Sept. 25, 1862.
First Lieutenant, ANSEL D. WASS, Boston; Capt. 19th Mass.,
Aug. 22, 1861; Maj. 19th Mass., July 1, 1862;
Lieut.-Col. 3d Cavalry, Aug. 28, 1862; Lieut.-
Col. 19th Mass., May 23, 1863; Col. 19th Mass.,
Feb. 19, 1864; Col. 60th Mass., 1 100 days; Col.
62d Mass., 2 1865.
Second Lieutenant, MOSES J. EMERY, Boston; 1st Lieut. 28th
Mass. ; 3 resigned after Antietam.
1 The Sixtieth Massachusetts was a hundred- days regiment, raised in
the fall of 1864. It served in the West.
2 The Sixty-second Massachusetts was the last infantry regiment raised.
The war closed before it could engage in its country s service.
J The Twenty-eighth Massachusetts was composed chiefly of Irishmen,
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 131
Third Lieutenant, THOMAS WALWORK, Boston.
Fourth Lieutenant, JOHN F. DUNNING, Boston ; Capt. Co. D, 22d
Mass. ; killed at Games Mills, June 27, 1862.
Sergeant, LEVI F. McKENNEY, Boston ; Maine.
" JAMES C. ROGERS, Boston ; Capt. 48th Mass. ; l Heavy
" GEORGE VV. GORDON, Boston ; Sergt. Co. A, 22d
Mass. ; killed at Games Mills.
" DAVID C. SISSON, Boston; Sergt. llth Mass. 2 Battery;
Clerk in Quar. Mas. Dept, Washington.
" GEORGE A. GURNETT, Canada ; joined May 4 ; 22d
Corporal, JAMES E. MARCH, Boston ; 1st Lieut, and Capt. 32d
" WASHINGTON J. CORTHELL, Boston ; Sergt. Co. D,
" JOSEPH SANDERSON, Jr., Boston ; 2d Lieut. 42d Mass.,
9 months and 100 days.
" ABRAHAM HOLLAND, Boston ; in N. J. .
Musician, WM. H. H. FORSTER, Boston.
" GILBERT W. HOMAN, Boston ; Maryland Cavalry ;
and started from home January 11, 1862, and spent a few months in South
Carolina, and thence proceeded to the Army of the Potomac. They were
engaged at the second Bull Eun, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg,
and other minor affairs. It has a great list of casualties to prove its gal
1 The Forty-eighth Massachusetts left New York for New Orleans, De
cember 27, 1862, and was a part of the force that reduced Port Hudson.
2 The Eleventh Massachusetts Battery was the only nine months bat
tery raised. It was mustered August 25, 1862, and was employed in
picket and scout duty in and near Washington.
132 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Elisha C. Boden, Boston.
George W. Butler, Boston ; re-entered service.
George Bell, Boston.
Charles H. Chester, Boston ; discharged, disability, at Relay House.
William P. Chester, Boston.
Edward W. Cady, Boston ; went as far as New York.
George Colgan, Boston; wounded in Baltimore, April 19; re-
James B. Daly, Boston ; wounded April 1 ; discharged for dis
ability, in Philadelphia ; 42d Mass., 9 months.
William H. Daly, Boston ; 42d Mass. ; Capt. Corps d Afrique.
Le Preble Drake, Boston ; in Co. D, 22d Mass.
John Dupee, Boston ; promoted Com. Sergt. ; discharged for dis
Joseph F. Ennis, Boston ; Mass. Cavalry.
Harold M. English, Boston.
Lewis F. Francis, East Cambridge ; Battery ; wounded.
Charles H. Frye, Boston.
Edward P. Fisk, Boston ; re-enlisted.
Henry Gardner, Boston ; wounded at Baltimore, April 1 9.
William D. Gurley, Cambridgeport ; wounded at Baltimore, April
19 ; 1st Mass. Cavalry.
John J. Gillespie, Boston ; Sergt. 28th Mass.
Charles M. Hamilton, Chelsea ; Lieut. Co. A, 22nd Mass. ; dis
missed Feb 18, 1863.
Charles H. Hall, Boston.
Lysander J. Hume, Calais, Me. ; Capt. 19th Mass. Fire Zouaves.
Erastus D. Holt, Fredonia, N. Y. ; joined May 4 ; Capt. N. Y.
Edward T. Knowlton, Boston.
James W. Keller, Boston ; Capt. N. H.
James H. Le Favor, Boston ; 22d Mass.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 133
Orrick Look, Boston ; 1st Lieut Co. A, 22d Mass. ; severely
wounded July 4, 1863.
Orville W. Leonard, East Boston ; Capt. 42d Mass. ; 9 months.
Lemuel Q. Morton, Boston ; Corp. Co. D, 22d Mass. ; in
Joseph O. Matthews, Boston. ^
Thomas Meadows, East Boston.
William IT. H. Mallory, Cambridgeport.
John G. Meserve, Boston ; Mass., 9 months ; Lieut. Corps
Henry C. Mann, Chelsea ; Sergt. 42d Mass.
James F. Moore, Boston ; Capt. 2d Maine.
Edward Nudd, Boston.
Eobert Nodine, Boston ; Sergt. in Co. D, 22d Mass.
James G. Peaks, Boston.
William Parks, Boston ; in Co. A, 22d Mass.
Henry Roberts, Boston ; joined May 4.
Henry J. Symonds, Boston ; Lieut, and Capt. 22d Mass. ; re
signed Aug. 26, 1863.
Charles F. Sloan, Jr., Jamaica Plain.
George A. Spinney, Boston.
Charles C. Story, Boston ; joined May 4.
Edwin J. Sanborn, Boston.
Adams Shepard, Boston.
Alexander Sproul, Boston.
Horace H. Small, Boston.
Mendall C. Spencer, Boston ; joined May 4 ; re-enlisted.
James C. Spencer, Boston ; joined May 4.
Geo. W. Stevens, Boston ; died August, 1861.
Geo. Temple, Boston ; Corp. Co. D, Mass. 22d.
Geo. T. Whitney, Boston; wounded at Baltimore, April 19;
Sergt. Co. D, Mass. 22d.
134 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Isaac, B. White, Boston ; 1st Lieut. 42d Mass. 9 months ; and Capt.
42d, 100 days.
James Wood, Boston ; re-enlisted in , Mass.
Henry F. Young, Boston.
COMPANY L, STONEHAM.
lie-enlisted in company (7, Fiftieth Mass., 9 months. 1
The " STONEHAM LIGHT INFANTRY " was organized in
1851, and belonged to the Seventh Regiment, but the
Governor detached it from the Seventh, and placed it in
the Sixth, to fill its ranks to the required number. Though
it received its orders latest of all the companies not till
2 o clock, A. M., April 17, Capt. Dike was at the
State House, with his command, at 11 o clock. The bells
were rung, the flags were unfurled, and all business was
suspended, while the people, with one mind and purpose,
went to work to furnish the men with needed articles.
The company s departure created a profound sensation
in that community.
The captains from the organization have been : Lyman
Dike, Osborn Richardson, R. A. Locke, Chas. C. Dike,
Samuel Tidd, Darius N. Stevens. The company is now
1 The Massachusetts Fiftieth was formed out of the old Seventh, for a
nine months campaign, and left Boxford Nov. 19. It encountered great
peril by sea, but arrived at last in New Orleans, in three parties, January
20 and 27, and February 9, 1863. It took active part in the seige of Port
Hudson, and other engagements, and returned home up the Mississippi.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 135
Captain, JOHN H. DIKE, Stoneham ; wounded at Baltimore, April
19, severely. (Capt. Dike has ever since his wound
First Lieutenant, LEANDER F. LYNDE, Stoneham ; Lieut, com
manding from April 19 to Aug. 2. (Kicked by a
ruffian, April 19, and afterwards hurt by a fall in
camp, which disabled him for two years.)
Second Lieutenant, DARIUS N. STEVENS, Stoneham; Capt. Co.
C, 50th Mass., 9 months.
Third Lieutenant, JAMES F. ROWE, Stoneham ; wounded in the
head with a brick, April 19, at Baltimore; Capt.
Co. F, 33d Mass., 3 years ; on staffs of Hooker
Howard, and Mower.
Fourth Lieutenant, WM. B. BLAISDELL, Stoneham ; private in
26th Mass. ; discharged sick.
Sergeant, SAMUEL C. TRULL, Stoneham; 1st Lieut. Co. C, 50th
Mass., 9 months.
" JEFFERSON HAYES, Stoneham; 1st Sergt. Co. C, 50th
Mass.; also 1st Sergt. Co. K, 5th Mass., 100 days.
" FRANCIS M. SWEETSER, Stoneham; 1st Sergt. Co. C,
50th Mass., 9 months; Capt. Co. K, 5th Mass., 100
" SIDNEY L. COLLEY, Stoneham; 1st Sergt. Co. D, 33d
Mass., 3 years.
Corporal, JAMES WHITTAKER, Stoneham ; promoted to Sergt.
" GEO. P. STEVENS, Stoneham ; 9th Company Unattached
" ANDREW J. KIMPTON, Stoneham ; Co. C, Unattached
" CHAS. L. GILL, Stoneham; wounded at Baltimore April
19 ; discharged, disability, May 3.
136 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Musician, VICTOR -LoRENDO, Stoneliam ; left at Baltimore,
" EUGENE DEVIT, Stoneliam ; Navy, 3 years.
Walter B. Berry, Stoneham; Co. D, 33d Mass., 3 years.
Wm. G. Butterfield, Stoneham; wounded April 19, discharged,
disability, May 30; Co. K, 5th Mass., 100 days.
Chas. II. Barry, Stoneham ; 33d Mass.
Daniel Brown, Stoneham ; third finger of left hand shot off, April
19, at Baltimore; Co. C, Unattached Heavy Artillery.
John W. Craig, Stoneham ; in Mass.
Chas. H. Carr, Stoneham ; 1st Sergt. 22d Mass., killed when
leading, his company to a charge, at Games Mills, the officers
all having been killed ; commission reached him the day after
Otis M. Clement, Stoneham; 1st Batt. Heavy Artillery.
Richard McCormack, Stoneham ; llth U. S. Infantry.
Henry Dike, Stoneham; wounded in leg by ball, April 19, 1861,
at Baltimore ; Andrews Sharpshooters ; wounded in arm at
Joel N. Ducett, Stoneham.
Horace W. Danforth, Stoneham ; wounded, and beaten after
wards ; left in hospital, Apr. 19; U. S. Navy, 1 year.
James Eastman, Stoneham ; U. S. Navy, 3 years.
John B. Eastman, Stoneham.
Stephen Flanders, Stoneham; wounded severely, April 19, at
Baltimore, in head with brick.
John B. Fortier, Stoneham; wounded severely, April 19, at Bal
timore, in head with stone.
Orrin A. Green, Stoneham ; 2d Co. Mass. Sharpshooters.
John A. Gerry, Stoneham ; U. S. Navy ; 3d Mass. Battery.
THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 137
Henry "W. Green, Stoneham; 2d Co Mass. Sharpshooters; Mass.
Aaron S. Hadley, Stoneham; Co. K, 5th Mass., 100 days.
Watson H. Hayes, Stoneham.
Levi W. Hayes, Stoneham ; Corp. 1st Mass. Cavalry.
Andrew E. Hill, Stoneham.
Battelle E. Hosmer, Stoneham ; artificer U. S. Engineers.
Warren Holden, Stoneham ; sent home sick, May 7.
Wm. H. Jones, Stoneham.
Samuel S. Johnson, Stoneham; 1st Mass. Batt.
John W. Kimpton, Stoneham; wounded in legs and arms, by
paving stones, April 19, at Baltimore; U. S. Navy.
James Keenan, Stoneham; wounded at Baltimore, April 19, leg
shattered by a ball. In hospital at Baltimore till July 31st ;
Co. K, 5th Mass.
Chas. Lamore, Stoneham.
Joseph LaClair, Stoneham; Co. D, 33d Mass.; killed May 15,
Dearborn S. Moody, Stoneham ; 4th New Hampshire, and then
1st Lieut in U. S. Col. Infantry.
James S. Moody, Stoneham; wounded at Baltimore, April 19 ;
Hospital Steward from June 1 to Aug. ; Co. C, 50th Mass.
Hiram P. Marston, Stoneham; Capt. Co. B, 33d Mass.
James A. Meader, Stoneham ; Sergt. Co. D, 33d Mass.
Wm. H. Madden, Stoneham ; 1st Sergt. 2d Co. Mass. Sharpshoot
Sidney F. Mellen, Stoneham; 8th Mass. Battery; killed, at
Maurice Mead, Stoneham; llth U. S. Infantry, taken prisoner,
and escaped from Andersonville.
Samuel H. Pinkham; Stoneham.
Fernando P. Pinkbam, Stoneham ; U. S. Cavalry, dead.
138 THE THREE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Alphonso Pinkham, Stoneham ; dead.
Julian Putnam, Stoneham; wounded at Baltimore, April 19.
Ephraim A. Perry, Stoneham ; wounded at Baltimore, April 19.
Augustus M. Parker, Stoneham ; 4th New Hampshire.
Joseph W. Pennell, Stoneham; 5th Mass., Co. K, 100 days.
Andrew Robbins, Stoneham; wounded in head with pistol-ball,
Apr. 19, and returned home.
James D. Sanborn, Stoneham ; captain in New Hampshire.
Henry A. Stevens, Stoneham.
Henry F. Stoddard, Stoneham ; dead.
Benj. F. Tay, Jr., Stoneham ; Co. C, 50th Mass.
John B. Wheeler, Stoneham ; 3d Mass. Battery ; Frontier Cavalry.
Archelaus Welch, Stoneham ; Lieut. 33d ; wounded and discharged.
Wm. H. Young, Stoneham ; wounded, brick, Apr. 19, and unfit for
duty ; detailed as Hos. Stew. June 10 ; 3d U. S. Cavalry.
C|xe Him i$fln:% Campaign,
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
HEN, in the year 1862, the call of the Govern
ment was made for men to serve nine months,
the quota of Massachusetts was seventeen
regiments and one battery ; and the Sixth, for
the second time, gave the first response. It
reported in Washington, ready for duty, before
any other regiment arrived. It preserved the same or
ganization, with such changes of officers and companies
as such times would inevitably produce. Seven com
panies were the same, namely, A (Lowell), B (Groton),
C and D (Lowell), E (Acton), H (Lowell), and I
(Lawrence). Company F (Lawrence) was partially
recruited for the present campaign, and then was con
solidated with company I. The place of the old
company F was filled by a new company from Cam
bridge ; and the old company G was supplied by
142 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
company G from Lowell ; and company K, a new com
pany from Chelmsford and the neighboring towns,
completed the ten. With these exceptions, the regi
mental organization, with the old books and papers, was
identical with that of the three months, and was, in fact,
the old State organization preserved and continued, with
about seventy-five officers and men, among whom during
the campaign, were twenty-seven commissioned officers,
who had served during the three months ; so that the
Sixth of the " Nine Months " campaign was the " Old
Sixth " of the " Three Months," and of Baltimore, and
of the Nineteenth of April. The history of the original
seven companies having been given in the account of the
three months campaign, it remains to trace the remain
ing three. Company F was recruited expressly for the
nine months campaign, and was mustered in last of all
the companies. Companies G and K were also recruited
for the campaign, and have no previous history ; and these
three new companies sustained themselves throughout
in a manner fully worthy the place they occupied in the
regiment. Of the privates, 324 were born in Massa
chusetts ; while 112 were born in Maine, 107 in New
Hampshire, 32 in Vermont; and 168 were born in foreign
countries, England, Ireland, France, Canada, etc. 319
followed the different mechanical trades, giving some to
every one -ever heard of ; 132 were farmers, 50 were
clerks, and 141 worked at various departments of manu
facturing, mostly in cotton or woollen factories. There
THE NIXE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 143
were 10 sailors, several theological and other students, 1
clergyman, 1 physician, and printers, teamsters, teachers,
apothecaries, and one or more following almost every
branch of business known in New England, with the
exception of the legal profession. There was not a
lawyer in the regiment, a remarkable fact.
THE DEPARTURE AND PROGRESS.
At length, at half-past ten o clock, on the morning of
September 9th, the regiment left Camp Wilson, Lowell,
for the seat of war, and without incident, except the
greetings from crowds of people at every railroad depot
on the route, reached Boston at noon. The United
States official, Q. M. McKim, ordered the regiment di
rectly across the city, to the Providence Railway Station,
and thus deprived it of a handsome collation that had
been provided for it by the state authorities, and of the
Governor s farewell and God-speed.
Taking the will of Boston and Massachusetts, and es
pecially of Governor Andrew, never deficient in good
offices for the soldier, for the deed, the regiment left the
Providence Station at about four o clock, and proceeded,
through continuous groups of applauding people, assem
bled all along the road, to Groton, Conn., where the regi
ment embarked on board the Steamer Plymouth Rock.
In the early morning, the regiment debarked, and
moved up to Union Park, under a misapprehension ; for
the " Sons of Massachusetts" were in waiting at the
144 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Shore-Line Depot, where it was expected to arrive ; but
after a while the hospitable committee found it, and a
bountiful breakfast was furnished the men at the Park
Barracks, while the officers were entertained at the Astor
House. Col. Howe, Massachusetts State Agent, pre
sided ; the divine blessing was invoked by Chaplain
Hanson ; and addresses were made by Hon. Parke
Goodwin, Gen. Wetmore, Rev. Dr. Hitchcock, Hon. E.
A. Alger, Maj. C. A. Stott, and others. The occasion
. passed off unexceptionably.
At about three o clock in the afternoon, the regiment
moved for the Jersey Ferry ; and a more enthusiastic
ovation never greeted a body of soldiers than met the
Sixth. The whole route was packed with men cheering,
and women waving handkerchiefs and flags ; while the
doors, windows, and balconies were thronged with the
smiling and cheering populace. A cannon greeted it
from the roof of the New England Rooms, as it passed
down Broadway ; and it left the city with a most cordial
The journey to Philadelphia was marked by nothing
eventful. We arrived at about ten o clock, p. M., and
the reception here will never be forgotten by officers or
men. It made the blood leap with electric force to see
that the men of other States knew our history so well ; and
we resolved more than ever that the page written in the
blood of Needham, Whitney, Taylor, and Ladd, should
be followed by pages as illustrious.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 145
A delegation met us at Camden, N. J., headed by
Major Henry ; and on our way into the city, Mr. Thomas
Webster addressed Col. Follansbee. In the course or
his remarks he said :
* * The Sixth Massachusetts has but to be named to be
honored. The recollection of its steadiness and bravery in the
streets of Baltimore, on the 19th of April, 1861, when suddenly,
savagely, and cowardly assailed by traitors and ruffians, from
their windows, their house-tops, and in their streets, is familiar to
the nation, and has passed into history. First to shed its blood in
defence of law, order, and right, may it be its privilege to combat
on that final field which cannot be far off, where treason shall be
crushed, traitors exterminated, and Union re-established.
Men of Massachusetts, it is the glory of your patriot sires that
they inaugurated the revolution ; it is yours, that you have had
the proud distinction of being the first to shed your blood in de
fence of our precious inheritance, against the assaults of rebellion
and anarchy, and the first to wreak vengeance on the audacious
wretches who rally under the unholy standard of revolt and seces
Lexington, the 19th of April, 1775, is illustrious in our
annals, and glorious to Massachusetts ; but not more glorious to
the old Bay State, than Baltimore, and the 19th of April, 1861.
Justice Gardner, Captains Isaac Davis, and Jonathan Wilson,
Sergeant Elisha Mills, and Deacon Josiah Haynes, patriot
yeomen of Massachusetts, the first martyrs in the cause of
American liberty, sleep in honored graves, and their memory
is revered by generation after generation.
Sumner H. Needham, of Lawrence, Addison O. Whitney, of
Lowell, and Luther C. Ladd, of Lowell, of your own gallant
corps , the first to die for the cause of self-government and
146 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
order, are names not less hallowed by every loyal American
His eloquent speech was frequently applauded ; and at
its close Col. Follansbee responded in behalf of the reg
iment. His words were few, but soldier-like, and to
the point. He accepted, in behalf of his command, the
hospitalities of the city, and paid a high and deserved
compliment to Philadelphia, but could not promise to
remain in the city longer than to refresh his men, as it
was his duty to proceed to the front, in obedience to orders.
The officers were sumptuously entertained at the Con
tinental, and the men at the Cooper Saloon, where not
only substantiate but luxuries were profusely spread be
fore them. Immense crowds attended them at every
step, and the whole city seemed poured into the streets
to do them honor.
The following address was printed, and laid on each
man s plate :
Union Saloon s 1 Welcome !
Hail to the Massachusetts Sixth !
"Wednesday evening, September 10, 1862.
Hail to you, noble old Sixth of the Old Bay State ! The Key
stone State clasps hands with you. We have fought with you.
Our blood has mingled with yours. Our sons have fallen with
you. Our honors are united forever.
Hail to you ! Welcome !
1 The Philadelphia Volunteer Refreshment Saloons, after having hospi
tably entertained more than a million soldiers, were closed in August,
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 147
Again you are going forward to do battle for our common
country. It is the highest honor any man can seek in this life.
You have won it : you may proudly wear it.
Hail to you ! Thrice welcome !
We follow you fast. You will find many of our state s children
already in the field ; and they will pour down after you in such
overwhelming numbers that your combined powers will instantly
sweep away all traces of infamous rebellion. This fresh and
mighty northern wind will blow into annihilation the insidious
pestilence that is seeking to rot the heart of our land, and vigorous
health will once more course in the veins of our old UNION made
Hail to you ! Our welcomes as you come , our blessings as
you go !
We will not say be strong : you have proved your strength.
We will not say be patient : you have endured insults as well as
blows. But we do say, that the 19th of April, 1861, can never
fade from our minds till life itself fades. We have faith in you,
an unswerving faith.
GOD BLESS YOU, AS WE SAY FAREWELL.
After the repast was finished, Mr. James Milliken
addressed the regiment, and Dr. Burnham responded.
Rev. Abel C. Thomas, of Philadelphia, once chaplain of
the regiment before the war, replied to a sentiment in
reference to the chaplain, who had accompanied the
regiment as far as New York, and had returned home to
complete his arrangements ; and he assured all, from his
knowledge of the chaplain, he would not only lead their
devotions, but would, if the occasion called, fight as well
as pray. After an exchange of cheers, the men retired
148 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
to repose. The Philadelphia " North American " devoted
two columns to the reception of the regiment, in the course
of which it said :
" The Sixth Massachusetts Infantry will live in history. * Like
the Sixty Ninth of New York, and the Second Regiment of the
Reserves of Pennsylvania, they have made their ineffaceable mark
in the record of this struggle. Their adventures in the earlier
stages of the war are known to every school child among us. * * * :
Regiments like this are produced but rarely. From the colonel
downward, there is, in the appearance of every man, a superiority
that commands respect."
At eleven o clock, the regiment left Philadelphia, arriv
ing in Baltimore at 7, P. M. Here a great reception had
been prepared, but the lateness of the hour of arrival
permitted only a part of it to transpire. An immense
crowd of people escorted them through the principal
streets, and the greatest enthusiasm prevailed, and was
exhibited in cheers long and loud, cheers for Massa
chusetts, the Old Sixth, and the Union; the soldiers
vainly trying to match the shouting of the people. The
flag which the regiment carried, presented by the ladies
of Baltimore, July 4th, 1861, was hailed with every mani
festation of delight ; and the fair donors rewarded the
regiment for its tender care of the memorial by waving
handkerchiefs and cheering smiles. The regiment ar
rived in Baltimore on the forty-eighth anniversary of the
repulse of the British troops at Fort McHenry, which
served to make the event one of greater enthusiasm.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 149
After supper at the Relief Rooms, the regiment started
at midnight for Washington. Owing to a collision on the
track in advance of th 3m, the train was delayed several
hours near the familiar locality of the Relay House, and
many of the officers and men visited the scenes of their
three months encampment. A heavy rain did not throw
cold water enough to cool the ardor of the men ; and they
reached Washington cheerful and happy, a little after
noon. If they had not enjoyed such hospitalities already,
the reception in Washington would have been pronounced
as surprising, as it was generous and gratifying.
They were quartered for the night at the " Soldier s
Rest ; " and Gen. Casey, to whom Col. Follansbee had
reported, ordered the regiment to Fortress Monroe. It
started early in the morning, a portion of the men, under
Col. Follansbee, in the steamer John A. Warner, and the
rest, under Lieut.-col. Beal, in the Swan. The weather
was pleasant ; the men had plenty of room ; and the his
torical objects along the banks of the Potomac afforded
great satisfaction to the soldiers, many of whom looked
upon them for the first time.
ARRIVAL IN SUFFOLK.
Arrived at Fortress Monroe, Gen. Dix ordered the reg
iment to Suffolk ; and the Warner transferred her load to
the Connecticut, and that steamer and the Swan con
veyed the regiment to Norfolk, and after a night s sleep
in the steamers, at the wharf in Norfolk, it proceeded to
150 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Suffolk, on the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad. The
ride, for a portion of the way, is through the strange
vegetation of the Dismal Swamp ; and the dead trees,
with their drapery of Spanish moss (Tillandsia Usneoi-
des~), and the glossy evergreens constituting the under
growth, the rhododendron, andromeda, and other shrubs,
gave a charming novelty to the journey. Suffolk was
reached in the afternoon of Monday, the 15th inst., and
the tents were pitched in an orchard, arid life in camp
was fairly inaugurated. At this time, Suffolk was an
outpost of Norfolk, and was occupied by a force of about
five thousand men, under command of Gen. 0. F. Terry.
It was then a pretty village, somewhat slipshod, as is the
manner of Southern villages, with a population consisting
mainly of women, children, and superannuated old men ;
loyal, in the southern acceptation of the term, that is,
willing to hold their property, should the government be
sustained. Interspersed, of course, were all shades of
negroes, having the F. F. V. blood unmistakably coursing
in their veins. In its palmy days, Suffolk had a popula
tion of about twenty-five hundred, dependent on its ne
groes, who produced lumber from the swamp, and sup
ported their owners with the profits. At this time, the
negroes were doing nothing : their owners had fled ; and
the women and few men remaining, too proud to work,
but not too noble to beg, lived largely on the charity of
1 By looking at the map, the reader will see the situation. We occupied
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 151
CAMP LIFE COMMENCED.
Tuesday, September 16th, the routine of camp life
commenced. The common " wedge" tents were received,
into each one of which five soldiers were stowed, while
the officers were comfortably quartered in " flies."
Hardly were we domiciled, when, on the 17th, Gen.
Terry notified his command that an attack was liable to
be made, at any moment, by a rebel force of thirteen
thousand men, reported as being in the neighborhood.
At midnight, ammunition was received, and sixty rounds
were delivered to each man ; and at four o clock the next
morning a line of battle was formed, waiting an attack,
in vain. During the day, the men were engaged in ob
structing an artillery road, and were constantly ready to
resist an assault. Gen. Dix, commander of the depart
ment, came up from Fortress Monroe, to view the dispo
sition of troops.
From this time, the men of the regiment were actively
employed : some on picket, others in cutting trees, and
others in constructing rifle-pits, forts, and other intrench-
ments. During the more than eight months of our stay
in Suffolk, a line of works, nine miles in extent, flanked
by the Dismal Swamp, was erected ; and the first spade-
the eastern bank of the Nansemond, and the rebels the western bank of
the Blackwater. About two miles out, the two railroads that traverse
Suffolk cross each other, the Petersburg going northwest to the city of
that name, and the Weldon southwest, to North Carolina. This belt of
country is some twenty miles in width.
152 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
ful of earth was thrown up by a working party under
Lieut. Iladley, of the Sixth.
DEPORTMENT OF THE REGIMENT.
On Sunday, the 21st, divine service was celebrated
for the first time in camp, the chaplain having arrived in
the night of the 19th. Sunday was usually observed by
the exhibition of a quieter demeanor than usual, on the
part of the men, and by a general abstinence from the
amusements and employments of camp life. For a few
Sundays, a great deal of fatigue labor was ordered by the
general in command, until after a memorial had been
drawn and presented to him by the chaplain of the Sixth,
signed by most of the chaplains of the post, when the
custom was discarded. 1 The regiment was true to its
New England antecedents ; for, whenever the assembly
was sounded, on Sunday, the men generally, though al
ways voluntarily, attended service. Several hundred
usually formed a square in front of head quarters, the
chaplain standing on a box, behind a pile of drums, and
discoursing briefly, to an attentive audience, with singing
of the first order. Worship was always had, when the
1 The chaplains at this post cordially united in consultation fc* die
welfare of their large and precious flocks. They represented the Presby
terian, Lutheran, Universalist, Wesleyan, Episcopalian, and Methodist
Episcopal Churches ; and on Monday of each week they held harmonious
and profitable meetings, to consult concerning the wants and interests of
their regiments. Their union of action and spirit gave a very good ex
ample to those of their profession out of the army.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 153
exigencies of the service could possibly permit. Two or
three times, a chapel in the village, belonging to the Chris
tian Baptists, was used ; but it was too small, and the
open air was on the whole preferred. Beside the reg
ular services of Sunday, a prayer meeting was held on
Sunday evening, and also on "Wednesday, sometimes
in the streets, and at others in the post-office, chaplain s,
or other quarters. Several men made a profession of
religion during the campaign; and the opinion of those
deeply interested in the moral welfare of the regiment
was, that the habits and character of the men improved
during the campaign. This was largely due to the great
number of letters constantly received from home. We
were known in Suffolk as the " writing regiment." The
mail-bag we regularly received was a wonder to other
soldiers, for it often contained several hundred letters at
a time. These gentle messengers from home kept alive
and active the restraining influences of social life, and
prevented many a one from relapsing into the rough hab
its too frequently found in camp. Religious papers and
books were procured and distributed in large quantities,
and cheap checker-boards, dominoes, and other amuse
ments, served to while away hours of leisure that might
otherwise have been worse employed. 1
CAMP LUXURIES !
Nor should the delightful society of several of the offi-
1 Ours was a writing regiment. I have counted two hundred and fifty
letters of a morning in the mail-bag for home.
154 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
cers wives, who after a time joined the regiment, be
omitted among the civilizing agencies that acted on the
character and conduct of the men. Their very presence
exerted an influence for good, and cheered the atmos
phere with social sunshine. A woman in camp, like " a
babe in a house," is " a well-spring of pleasure."
On the 23d, a picket of eighty our first detail was
sent out. A reconnoissance in force had gone from other
regiments ; and our boys, under arms, distinctly heard
the artillery engaged in a skirmish. It was the first
sound of real war they had heard during the campaign,
and they stood under arms during the afternoon with no
On the 24th, Maj.-Gren. John J. Peck arrived, and
took command of the forces stationed in and near Suffolk ;
and the same day the regiment was brigaded with the
Thirteenth Indiana, and One Hundred and Twelfth and
One Hundred and Thirtieth New York, and placed under
the command of Col. R. S. Foster, 1 of the Thirteenth
Indiana. We were afterwards brigaded with the New
York One Hundred and Sixty-Ninth, and Pennsylvania
1 Col.JFoster and staff were as follows : Colonel (now Major General
Robert Sanger Foster of Thirteenth Indiana, Acting Brigadier General;
Adjutant General, Samuel M. Zent, Thirteenth Indiana; Quartermaster,
Geo. W. Rader; Commissary of Subsistence, W. G.Wise, of Massachusetts
Sixth ; Aide-de-Camp, George W. Wells.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 155
One Hundred and Sixty Fifth and One Hundred and
Sixty Sixth. 1 We always considered ourselves fortunate
in being placed in such relations with these officers.
With Gen. Peck and his staff, of which Major B. B.
Foster, of the Maine Eleventh, was chief, all official
intercourse was of the pleasantest character, and his
opinion of the regiment will be seen by his parting
order, at the close of the campaign, found at the end of
this sketch. With Col. Foster our relations were more
immediate and intimate ; and all, men and officers, en
thusiastically admired him. Gallant, generous, aifable, a
man, a gentleman and a soldier ; his appearance was
always the signal for hearty greetings from our boys.
His opinion of us will be found in the order sent us at
our departure, printed at the close of this sketch.
CAMP CHANGED, AND MADE COMFORTABLE.
On the 25th, we struck tents for a new camp-ground,
previously occupied by Gen.Wessel s Brigade * an eleva
ted and pleasant spot, on which we had " ample room
and verge enough" for all the appointments of a perfect
camp. The streets were wide, the various quarters were far
apart, deep wells were digged, and health and regularity
were consulted in as neat and perfect a camp as is usually
1 Our brigade was several times changed, but was chiefly comprised of
the Thirteenth Indiana, One Hundred and Thirtieth and One Hundred
and Twelfth New York, One Hundred and Sixty Fifth and One Hundred
and Sixtv Sixth Pennsylvania.
156 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
seen. In a short time the boys began to stockade for
cold weather ; and the various expedients devised for
stoves, fire-places, and furnaces, were creditable to the
ingenuity of the men. The mortar was Virginia mud,
that " sticketh closer than a brother ; " the chimneys were
barrels, or clay and sticks, or bricks in some instances ;
while the walls were " daubed with untempered mortar,"
but were nevertheless tight and warm. The men s roofs
were generally tents ; but the officers succeeded in ob
taining roofs of " splits," huge slabs of cedar, a sort of
compromise between a shingle and a board, which kept
out the rain, though not the wind, for often it was diffi
cult to keep a candle lighted. 1
1 A great many accounts of the lack of comforts experienced by soldiers
have appeared in the prints. Some have boasted that they were entirely
destitute of the commonest conveniences of life, and seemed to take pride
in relating the story of their deprivations. They had the bare ground as
the floor to their tents; they sat on their haunches, without chair or seat;
their beds were on the ground ; they cooked without dishes, and ate with
their fingers, and lived a la pig, generally. There are times, of course, on
the march, when all this, or a part of this, is necessary. But if one is en
camped a week in a place, if he has any love for civilized life, and pos
sesses any gumption, he will begin to accumulate easy substitutes for past
comforts. If he cannot find old boards, by reason of distance from houses
or fences, and if unable to procure boxes with which to floor his tent, it
does not take long to split sticks of wood in halves for a tolerable floor of
puncheons ; while a bedstead, chairs, table, and any other household con
venience, can easily be extemporized with an axe, and the wood of which
Virginia forests are full. Our regiment had rough but convenient furni
ture, such as bedsteads, chairs, tables, and the like, and a large number of
log-houses, with furnaces and chimneys, made of wood, clay etc. ; and,
though coarse and rough, our accommodations were really excellent.
Yankee ingenuity always kept us comfortable.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 157
The quarters of the writer of this were a rustic cottage,
in an ornamental style of architecture, constructed of red
cedar and cypress, with the bark on, the interstices filled,
and the inside plastered with mud, and lined with illus
trated newspapers and shelter tents, and the shingled
roof covered with tent-flies, so that it was handsome, dry,
and warm. The bricks were exhumed from an old cel
lar, on the principal street in Suffolk, the remains of a
house destroyed by Cornwallis on his march to York-
town, so that the little cabin, 20x20, was quite commo
dious and picturesque and historical.
Anxious for the good name of his regiment, on reach
ing this ground the colonel made a little speech, direct
and to the point, urging the boys not to maraud ; at the
close of which he received hearty cheers, as an assent to
his words, and a proof of the estimate in which he was
held. I believe few acts of marauding were ever com
mitted by them, aside from that little foraging that the
soldier feels entitled to, and that few officers care to treat
But it was on this day, the 25th, that the Confisca
tion Act took effect, an extraordinary measure it was
thought by many, and when it was convenient to get a
little pork or poultry, or a few vegetables, to eke out the
proverbial " salt mule " that so many have spoken of but
never seen, it was usually done. Should a stray pig
158 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
come within reach, and refuse to give the countersign, he
was brought to with a bayonet (a four-runner of the fate
of the property of rebels) , and soon after, the agreeable
smell of roasting pork " wasted its sweetness on the Suf
folk air." About this time, I remember I saw a fellow
enjoying some fine-looking sweet potatoes. " Do you
draw those ?" said I. " Yes, sir," said he. u How do
you do it ? " " Oh, easy enough, ly the tops ! "
THE FIRST BLOOD SHED.
The first casualty in the regiment occurred on the last
day of September, when Lieut. S. G. Blood, in practis
ing with his revolver, accidentally put a ball through his
foot, which disabled him from duty for several weeks.
The fare of camp was helped out considerably at this
time by sweet potatoes, scuppernong grapes, persim
mons, chinkapin nuts, etc., which would find their way
into camp from the surrounding country. To a New
Englander, the vegetation presented a peculiar look. The
cypress, gum, sweet bay, magnolia, rhododendron, holly,
and laurel abound ; and the air is constantly blotted by
the buzzard or vulture, watching his prey from afar, or
descending to regale himself on some animal abandoned
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 159
At the close of the first month, we had seen nothing
of war, having been, during that time, acting the role of
Micawber, "waiting for something to turn up"; but we
were consoled in our inactivity by remembering that
" They also serve who only stand and wait ; "
for the force of which we constituted a part occupied a
threatening attitude, at a position about equi-distant from
Petersburg and Weldon, and thus co-operated with the
army of the Potomac and of North Carolina. Though
idle, we were not useless. As long as we lay inactive
even, Petersburg and the line of the Blackwater must be
well fortified, and held by rebel forces that would other
wise be able to act against McClellan and Foster.
COMPANY RATIONS AND SAVINGS.
During those days, the provisions served were ample
in quantity, and generally good in quality. Obtained
as they were , in such immense . quantities , occasion,
ally an inferior article would of course come. But bread
or other vegetable or animal food, was speedily con
demned, if of an inferior character; and in quality, the
rations averaged as well as the same articles in any New
England village. That the quantity was ample will
appear from the savings of the companies. Whatever a
company was entitled to, and did not draw, was commuted,
and returned to the company in cash. There were five
160 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
companies from Lowell, and one each from Lawrence,
Cambridge, Groton, Acton, and Chelmsford. During the
month of September, the Lowell companies saved $805,
or an average of more than $61. The Lawrence com
pany saved 160.92; Acton, 133.84; Groton, 47.36;
Cambridge, $27.36 ; and Chelmsford, $74.53. The cost
of a ration (the daily allowance of food) in Suffolk was
October 1st the regiment was gladdened by the arrival
of the Seventh Mass. Battery, Capt. P. A. Davis, from
Yorktown. This corps was the Richardson Light In
fantry, from Lowell, most of whom were old friends of
many of ours; and, during the rest of our term of service,
the pleasure of our stay was much increased by their
location within a few rods of our camp.
Large numbers of contrabands were continually com
ing into our lines ; and all told one story, and that was,
that there was a universal desire for freedom among the
colored people of the South, and a general expectation
that the hour of their deliverance from slavery was about
to dawn. They always told that their owners assured
them that lean fare and cruel treatment were meted to the
black people by the Yankees, and that the Southerners
were their only friends. We listened to many a story of
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 161
wrong and outrage ; and day by day the long files of
dusky pilgrims came in, with nondescript vehicles, harness
es and animules, as the travellers styled them ; sometimes
a horse, but as often a mule or a cow, dragging the house
hold penates ; and while the men were set at work on the
fortifications, for then we had not risen to the sensible
position of colored soldiers, the women and children
were supplied with rations and clothing, and soon their lit
tle settlements sprang up, neatly laid out, and filled with a
happy populace. Simple-minded, good-natured, patient,
and possessed of a certain natural shrewdness, we gener
ally found them as intelligent as, and every way the
equals, and in ability to take care of themselves the.
superiors of, the white people left in our neighborhood.
I wrote at the time in the Boston " Journal " :
" The contrabands continue to come in here, from
North Carolina mostly, in schools, if such a term is allow
able to such a poor, ignorant race. They tell but one
story. Scarcity at home, long-cherished desires for
freedom, willingness to work for hire, love of the Union
troops, and hatred of secession. But alas, poor souls,
they little know what to do with themselves, or what is
before them ! I have no doubt that their condition will
be improved, when these troubles are over ; but there is
a transition period between now and then, during which
these poor victims of generations of oppression must ex
perience much less physical comfort than they yet have
done. Government sees that they do not want ; and the
162 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
able-bodied men among them which are few are em
ployed wherever they can be made useful. God help
them ! "
At first their treatment by Union officers and men, was
in many instances, most brutal ; but in a short time a
better policy was pursued.
Among the "contrabands" in our mess, first and
foremost stood the major s boy, Tom Jones, the concen
trated essence of Africa; and after him w ere Clem, John,
Willis, Lam Babb, and others, whose comicalities helped
the mess far more than any other service they rendered,
and whose principal effort seemed to be always to be present
when they were not wanted, and always absent when
needed. Such was the force of their bringing or com
ing up. A volume could be filled with reminiscences of
our sooty attendants, some of whom at least Clem and
Lam have since done good service for the country in
the army. Our only reliable information of the enemy s
movements was derived through them; and the com
manders of our scouting parties often assured me that
they never were deceived or betrayed by a negro. Some
times they exaggerated numbers ; but they rarely mistook
a fact, and never betrayed a trust.
There was a singular attraction in the religious meet
ings of the colored population of Suffolk ; and, fond of a
new sensation, I several times entered their assemblies
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 163
when they were engaged in worship. At the time, I
wrote an account of my impressions for the Boston " Trum
pet and Freeman," an extract from which here follows.
I never wanted the pen of a Dickens and the pencil of
a Hogarth, combined in one magic instrument, as I have
since I have been here, in Suffolk, Va., when attending
the prayer and praise meetings of the negroes of the Afri
can Methodist church.
Fancy a plain, common-looking meeting-house, very
much like one of our own poorest New England country
chapels, " a little back from the village street," with a
sprinkling of army uniforms in the audience, but other
wise crowded, below and in the gallery, with " God s
image carved in ebony," mahogany, and even lighter
shades ; for that horrible " amalgamation," which has been
so great a possible bugbear at the North, is here a patent
reality. Both sexes and all ages are present. And the
styles of costume are a wonder. Many of them are ex
quisitely neat ; but I never knew what extravagances of
rags and ribbons combined ; what tawdry finery ; what
model dilapidations in the way of hats and garments,
can be made to adhere to the " human form divine," until
I saw the hats, caps, bonnets, and other garments, in such
a meeting. That, however, by the way.
The utmost decorum pervades the congregation, till at
length the preacher, an intelligent-looking mulatto, enters
the pulpit, and begins the services of the evening. He
reads a hymn, " deaconing " the words off, a line read
164 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
at a time, and then sung, so that his illiterate hearers
can keep the connection ; and the reading is of a kind
not taught in any school of elocution, while the singing is
really superb. The different parts are not given ; but the
soft, mellow voices of the women, and the clear, rich voices
of the men, all in unison, render the air with a power and
effect seldom heard.
The prayer is an earnest utterance of unfeigned de
votion, characterized, perhaps, with some marked depart
ures from the President s American, but, on the whole, it
would do no discredit to any Christian, or any church.
The sermon is peculiar. Its construction is not artistic.
Its drift is frequently varied by eddies, very considerable
eddies ; but its allusions are quaint ; its appeals power
ful ; its utterance full of devout, if homely unction ; and it
has the greatest apparent effect on its hearers, if one can
judge by the constant ejaculations from all parts of the
audience, of such expressions as "Dat s so / " " De Lord
knows dat are ! " " Bless God, yes ! " and the like, amount
ing at times to a perfect fusillade of comments, accom
panied by grotesque words, and all sorts of gestures, not
even excepting hearty laughter as some point is well
The sermon finished, the preacher descends to the altar-
rail ; and this is the signal for several of the leading
" brethren " to approach him, and for such as have been
pricked in the conscience by the sermon, to come forward
and kneel around the altar, as " mourners." Immediately
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 165
one of the best singers strikes up a devotional song, or,
as they prefer to call it, a " spiritual jig," usually to a
most lively air, and with words such as I am unable to
find in print, and suppose to be purely traditional. I have
taken down several from their own lips. Here is one :
" Blow, Gabriel, blow !
Oh, how loud shall I blow ?
Loud as seven peals of thunder
From ebery church-yard.
We ll see him as he is
In dat eternal day,
From ebery church-yard !
" We ll try on de long white robes,
We ll wear a starry crown,
Walk up and down de golden streets.
From ebery church-yard,
We ll see him, &c.
" You ll hear King Jesus say,
Oh, Father, these are they
Who ve come up through tribulation.
From ebery church-yard !
We ll see him, &c."
Here the whole audience drop on their knees, and a
fervent prayer is offered, the words of which, though
shouted at the top of powerful lungs, are not distinguish
able amid the shouts, groans, ejaculations, and sometimes
shrieks of the excited multitude. Such expressions as
these are heard : " Don t top yet ! " " Pray away! "
"Pray away!" "Bear down, bear down, brudder!"
166 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
When the prayer is finished, all rise, and another "jig"
is snug. Here is one :
" Go seek him early in the morning,
Go seek him early in the morning,
Go seek him early in the morning,
I hope I shall join dat band.
I hab a little time, it is not long,
I hab a little time, it is not long,
I hab a little lime, it is not long,
I hope I shall join dat band."
Other verses follow, ad libitum, by substituting "Pray
ing soon, early," &c. ; or u Religion soon, early," &c. ;
or any other words that strike the fancy of any of the
worshippers ; and then comes another prayer, perhaps as
excellent as would be heard in almost any social religious
gathering, with the accompaniment already referred to.
Sometimes some well-known hymn would be sung, al
most solus, such as " Come, ye that love the Lord," &c.,
with a chorus like this :
" Brethren, move round de altar,
Brethren, move round de altar,
De Lord will answer prayer."
One very lively song was usually sung when some soul
among the mourners had been made happy. It ran on
this wise :
" Oh, mourner, whar was you,
Oh, mourner, whar was you,
Oh. mourner, whar was you,
When de Lord was passin by ?
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 107
He s bin hyar, he s bin hyar,
He s blest my soul and gone !
He s bin hyar, he s bin hyar,
And dare s glory in my soul ! "
Substituting the word seeker, brother, sister, sinner,
or any other word, for mourner, gives any number of
stanzas that the enthusiasm of the meeting can sustain.
I was very much interested in the fact that the worshippers
would pray with great fervor for our soldiers. One elo
quent petition referred to them as dashing through the
" roar of cannon, the smoke of battle, and the flash of the
rifle," and supplicated the Divine protection for them, in
terms that would have done honor to any prayer. I re
call some of the words of .one of their freedom songs :
" Go down, Moses,
Way down Egypt s land,
Tell King Phar oh
Let my people go.
" De Lord told Moses what to do :
Go away down Egypt s land,
Lead the children of Israel through
Way out of Egypt s land. "
And much more of the same irregular structure, but to
the same purpose.
During the singing of these songs, the whole congre
gation was thoroughly alive. Some were keeping time
by a constant tramping of their feet ; others would raise
168 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
and let fall both hands as far as they could ; others would
bow the head in keeping with the time ; while some would
leap back and forth in the aisle, or, if the crowd was too
dense, up and down, as though striving to go over the
heads of the rest ; and one girl sprang into the pulpit,
with her hands swinging above her head, and body and
head swaying, and feet moving in the precise attitude of
a waltz ; while one venerable old lady, " darkly, deeply,
beautifully" black, seized a gallant New York colonel
near me, and spun him round and round before he could
extricate himself, dashing me from their swift and eccen
tric orbit ; while others meanwhile were shaking hands,
laughing, slapping shoulders, and in general ecstasy. It
was a scene not soon to be forgotten.
But the inexorable rule of the provost marshal cuts off
all devotion at half past eight ; and the excellent colored
preacher dismisses his flock with a benediction, keeping
right along in the same tone of voice, " And now, don t
ye go to loafing round after you leave here, but go right
straight home, all of you ; if ye don t, ye ll jist get chucked
into the guard-house, and good enough for you, too ! "
Of course one cannot help seeing the grotesque that
overlays what is said and done ; but no one who surveys
the scene candidly can avoid perceiving and acknowledg
ing that there is much genuine devotion, and that the
manner of conducting the worship is adapted to minds
that would not be reached by the colder and more formal
worship that characterizes the colder temperament of a
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 169
more phlegmatic people. Though the act is unlike our
own devotion, it is still true, that in such ways " Ethiopia
stretches her hands to God."
Among my reminiscences of the colored people, at that
early stage of the war, before our government had
recognized their manhood, or had learned to treat them
better than mules were treated, I recall my efforts to ob
tain some of the lines printed above. So interested was
I in the exercises that I found it impossible to report the
words they sang ; and so. one day I asked a venerable
darkey I met in the street, and whom I had heard singing
in the congregation, to repeat some of their songs. He
asked me if I wanted a " book piece," or a " holy jig."
Of course it was the jig I desired, and he began to en
deavor to recall some of the pieces ; but not a line would
enter his cranium. At length I said, " Sing one ! "
and sure enough, without the least difficulty, he struck
out into one, and pausing at the end of each line, to give
me space to report, he would go back to the beginning,
and sing on to the line I required. Of course, some of
the lines were repeated a great many times ; but I suc
ceeded thus in obtaining what I have reported above, and
I might also illustrate the liberality of those simple-
minded people, by relating another incident. The col
ored preacher of the congregation above alluded to came
to my quarters, and earnestly invited me to attend his
church one Sunday, and administer the communion. Ask-
170 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
ing private Fields, who was also a Methodist clergyman,
to accompany me, and with an audience of white and
black, of ministers and laity, and of many denominations,
we, a Uriiversalist and Methodist preacher, administered
the communion. It seemed a foregleam of the millen
nium, as we all worshipped together ; for, though speak
ing many sectarian dialects, we were united in one
WELCOME TO SUFFOLK.
It afforded us pleasure to be welcomed by the citizens
of Suffolk, w^ith the assurance that they preferred a
Massachusetts regiment to any other, having had expe
rience with one, the Sixteenth, once stationed there.
This gave us a new desire to do nothing unworthy the
name of our noble old Commonwealth ; and I am proud
to say that the campaign closed without any disgrace
being inflicted on the honored fame of Massachusetts by
any of our officers or men.
One of our social pleasures consisted in masonic
greetings. A regimental lodge was held in the room
of the Suffolk Lodge (organized in 1790) ; and officers
and men, from various regiments, frequently assembled
to celebrate the rites of the mystic fraternity.
At this time, the " allotment " system was just begin-
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 171
ning to work ; and large numbers, instead of wasting
their income in sutlers trash, had made an allotment
to their families of ten dollars a man ; so that each
one s family could draw that large proportion of his pay
of the State Treasurer. In company C, 101 men allot
ted an average of ten dollars a month.
OUR FIRST EXPEDITION.
October 3d we achieved our first expedition. We
went out to support an expedition against Franklin, the
report of whose guns we had heard for several hours.
We moved in silence. Orders were given in low
tones. No music was allowed. Only the katydid and
locust, with sibilant voices, were heard, as we plodded on
in the glorious light of the moon. A little way on we
met two ambulances coming in. In one was stretched
the stiffening body of a man just slain, and in the other
were the poor fellows who were wounded. Ah, that
told us, more eloquently than words, on what an errand
we were out ; and I could not help saying, Who will be
the fated ones who will never return, and over whose
remains dear ones will never lean, but who will perhaps
lie in unmarked graves in these swamps or woods ?
Thus we went on, and at length the moon went
down, and the narrow road pursued its way through
swamp and forest, the tall cypresses hanging their ven
erable beards of Spanish moss, and the lofty pines
rising like spires, mixed with the sweet gum, the oak,
172 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
and the red cedar, till, exhausted with loss of sleep,
with hunger and fatigue, at four in the morning we
reached an open space in the woods, in front of a farm
house occupied by a woman and her three little ones,
whose negroes had all run away, the husband and father
being with Jackson. Here we tried, for a short time, to
make ourselves comfortable, our regiment forming in
line of battle with guns stacked, while the men lay
around them and slept. As for myself, I took the ac
coutrements from my horse, picketed her to a tree, gave
her some oats, ate a little bread and raw bacon, and,
lying down on my saddle, dozed a short time on my first
bivouac, when we were again roused, and camp-fires were
built, and the men cooked their breakfast of sweet pota
toes found in the fields, and of frizzled pork, and ham,
and bread. Our position was near Western Branch
Church, so called, a little country school-house-looking
building, standing alone in a majestic forest ; and we
were to hold a road here, and prevent any rebel force
from descending, from the direction of Petersburg, to cut
off the return of our advance forces.
With an Ohio regiment, and a regiment of mounted
riflemen, we kept our position under arms till the force
returned, when we resumed our march, arriving home
at about seven in the evening, having accomplished
some twenty-two miles within twenty hours.
The men bore it finely, though some of them were
rather used up. I left the regiment about six miles
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 173
before it reached home, and pushed on alone, in order
to have a good supper ready for the men on their arrival.
Old campaigners, who know the heavy roads there
abouts, the creeks to wade, the ditches of mud to
fathom, and the hardships to be met by new troops
on their first march, after a week of hard digging on
fortifications, will know what a trying tramp this must
This section of country is all after one pattern : wide
tracts of forest ; at long intervals " plantations," on which
scattering stalks of corn, long and lean, stand on a thin
and famished soil ; roads of the wretchedest kind ; houses,
with rare exceptions, perfect tumble-down concerns, in
habited by old men, women, and children ; and a gen
eral poverty-strickenness everywhere. Really, of itself
alone, not worth conquering; and were it not for the prin
ciple involved in this struggle, we often said that we
should be better off without than with such a tract as
Probably no subsequent military experience has
equalled the impression made on the minds of us " raw
recruits " by that lonely and almost silent march through
the forest ; the halt to load and fix bayonets, in moment
ary expectation of meeting the enemy, and that most
exhilarating of sights, so often enjoyed afterwards, the
night bivouac, when the camp-fires are lighted, and as
far as the eye can penetrate the darkness, the stirring
174 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
scenes of the supper are exhibited, soon followed by the
silence of the sleeping host.
DEATH IN GAMP.
October 6th, we lost our first man by death. Alonzo
M. Woodward, of company E, of Boxboro , aged twenty-
six years, died of typhoid fever. He was an excellent
man. His body was embalmed and sent home, as were
subsequently the bodies of all our dead. Not one rests
in the adhesive mud of Virginia, except those who died
in rebel hospitals, hereafter mentioned. On the llth
inst., Luke Lovrien, of Lowell, company D, died of
asthma. He was a patriotic man, but too old to endure
the hardships of camp-life, his age being about fifty.
The most of the month of October was pleasantly
passed : the weather was fine, and drilling, brigade and
division reviews, and arranging quarters for cold weather,
and making themselves comfortable generally, occupied
the men. The weather was for the most part as warm
as a New England June.
A brisk skirmish was had outside the lines, near the
Blackwater, on the 15th, between our cavalry and the
rebels, and orders were received for us to keep one hun
dred and fifty rounds of ammunition on hand at all
SUPPLIES FROM HOME.
On the 8th, several large boxes from the city of
Lowell were received through Hon. H. Hosford, mayor,
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 175
containing all sorts of comforts and luxuries. It was
pleasant then and subsequently, on the arrival of city
or private boxes, to witness the distribution of the arti
cles, and the enjoyment of the boys, as they received
them. Their contents were rejoiced over, and added a
great deal of pleasure to those who received and shared
them with others.
The exertions of Surgeon Burnham, ever careful to
secure good accommodations for the sick, obtained, as
our regimental hospital, one of the best buildings in Suf
folk, the residence of a clergyman, surrounded with a
garden, and embowered in trees ; and, during our stay,
we found plenty of room, and the best of care and at
tention for all who became its inmates.
MARCH TO THE BLACKWATER.
On the 24th inst., we started on a reconnoissance,
with a force about 4,000 strong ; and during a march of
two days we accomplished about fifty-one miles (resting
but nine hours in all) , more than twice the distance
necessary to accomplish all the objects of the expe
dition. The reason was, " some one had blundered ; "
and we were half the night stumbling in the darkness to
find our way back from the wrong into the right road ;
and the result was, the infantry and artillery failed to
reach the position from which they could support the
176 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
cavalry, until it was too late for the latter to make what
otherwise might have proved a successful raid.
We went to the Blackwater, to a point about half way
between Zuni and Franklin, where we lay until the cav
alry crossed by fording, and went as far as Zuni, re-
crossed and returned, when we took the homeward
march. We captured five of the enemy s pickets, but
saw no rebel force, and met no rebel resistance, except a
few shots from their pickets. A little forage arid a good
deal of experience in marching was the sum total of ad
vantage that remained.
The country over which we went resembles the most
of this part of Virginia, and consists of vast level tracts
of forest, Avith an occasional plantation or smaller farm,
with mostly dilapidated buildings, and a general appear
ance of slip-shod about everything. Most of the men,
with the exception of the old, are gone ; and women,
negroes, and children seem to constitute the population.
But what besides poverty could prevail in a section where
the raising and selling of " niggers " and the distilling
and drinking of applejack had so long been the chief
business and employment ?
Apropos of applejack, this diabolical fluid a sort of
cross between camphene and fire-and-brimstone (distilled
from cider) is one of the worst enemies our soldiers
encountered. A small drink sets a soldier s brain on fire,
with the fearfullest frenzy of drunkenness possible to man.
In passing along our route, an officer was detailed to pre-
THE NitfE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 177
cede the column, and destroy what liquors could be found.
Riding to the front, on the banks of the Blackwater,
I saw our pickets, on the very brink of danger, so drunk
that they could scarcely sit their horses ; and I do not
wonder that our army has sometimes been surprised by
the enemy. One soldier from a Western regiment, in an
altercation with a comrade, was struck over the head
by a blow that broke his skull, and drove the hammer
of the lock into his brain. The surgeon left him for
dead, in charge of another ; and, on the arrival of the
regiment in camp, preparations were made for his
funeral, and his grave was dug. But when the rear
guard of cavalry came along, not clearly understanding
the case, he was made to mount a horse and ride home,
a dozen miles. He did so, and then walked a half mile
from the cavalry camp to his own, passing by his grave^
About the first of November many of the regiment
were detached to man the heavy guns in the forts, and
to serve in the batteries. They occupied those positions
till their term of service expired.
On the 7th of November, though in the " Sunny
South," we were all startled from our propriety by wak
ing in the morning to see a couple inches of snow, and a
driving storm, followed by snow on the ground and bleak
weather for several days, making us think of home ; and
178 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
great exertions were necessary to keep the quarters com
fortable, unprepared as we were for such a change ; for
the weather, day and night, had continued delightful up to
that date. All working parties, camp guard, etc., were
dispensed with during the day. That apocryphal person
age, " the oldest inhabitant," was reported to have de
clared that it was the coldest weather for sixty years. 1
THE LAKE OF* THE DISMAL SWAMP.
On the llth, the weather became as warm as before the
storm, and it was improved by the Chaplain and Assist
ant Surgeon Humphrey, who made a pretty excursion to
the Lake of the Dismal Swamp, some ten miles outside of
our pickets, in the heart of the swamp. The voyage was
made in a flat-bottomed boat, propelled by two negroes
from the shore. It was a unique trip, though nothing
was seen of that fair maid, who
" Down in the Lake of the Dismal Swamp,
All night long, by her fire-fly lamp,
Paddles her white canoe."
On the 15th, Corp. Orrin Park, a good soldier, belong
ing to company A, of Dracut, aged twenty-four, died of
typhoid fever, after a brief illness.
On the 17th, we were all in line at one o clock, p. M.,
on a pleasant day, with three days rations, and our faces
1 I asked my contraband the reason of such weather, and he replied :
" I speck you folks brung it down yere ! "
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 179
turned in the direction of what proved to be the ultima
tTiule of our journeys southward, the Blackwater.
One or two cavalry dashes having been made at our
pickets at Providence Church, some four or five miles
out, about the 12th and 13th, it began to look as though
a new order of things was being established, or that ad
ditional forces, of which these cavaliers were the advance
guard, had reinforced the Blackwater troops ; and a large
force, consisting of 3500 infantry, 1000 cavalry, and Fol-
lett s Battery, left Suffolk for the Blackwater at day
break Tuesday, for a place about seven miles above Frank
lin, and thirty from Suffolk, known as Ludlow Lawrence s.
This is one of those immense farms where the lord of the
plantation bears sway over his many acres and his ebony
vassals. The buildings were fine, and spoke of wealth
and power; the long avenue of red cedars, the lawns
and gardens, and the lavish display of means of enjoy
ment, gave a good specimen of the gentleman of the F. F.
Y. s. But alas, the lean and famished acres of this once
opulent soil told of the ruinous institution that impover
ished them ; while the empty halls and rooms of the lordly
mansion were eloquent in reprehension of the mental
madness that made " unfenced desolation " of the
" Ancient Dominion." And one solitary and ancient
darkey, in one of the negro huts, was sole survivor, like
the " Last rose of summer, left blooming alone."
The Sixth Regiment had the post of honor assigned to
it, the right of the column, on this march, and was moving
180 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
on to cross the Black water ford, just in the rear of Law
rence s house, when the advance guard of cavalry was
saluted by rebel shots, and by the sight of three " gray-
backs" retreating down the bluff just across the stream ;
for this Blackwater River, though quite deep, as are
most of the " rivers" in this part of the state, is no more
than a good-sized canal in width.
As we pushed on a few rods farther, frequent and
rapid firing saluted us, and the battery was ordered into
position, and immediately commenced shelling the woods
on the opposite shore, when the rebel force skedaddled.
The Sixth supported the battery, and was consequently
immediately under fire ; though, as in their fright the
rebels fired some thirty or more feet above our heads, I
must say that we were a good ways under. But it was
not the less exciting for all that ; for as the reveille saluted
us, it was just at daybreak (and day broke a little
louder than any of us remembered to have heard it be
fore), none of us knew, of course, that the humming
messengers, whose ticklish music we for the first time
heard, might not select either of us as their victim. I
was where I could see all our officers and men, and I was
delighted to observe that they were as cool and uncon
cerned in manner as though going to a holiday drill.
As I passed along the line, I saw some of the men filling
their pipes preparatory to a smoke ; while I and I might
as well confess it could not, on two occasions, avoid
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 181
ducking my head as the prolonged hum-m-m of the bul
lets tingled mj ears.
When the rebels had scattered, company H, of Lowell,
Capt. Ferson, was sent across the stream to support a
squad of cavalry ; and they found the camp of a regiment
of North Carolina soldiers. Had our battery been able
to cross, we should have gone over the Blackwater ; but,
on reaching the place of crossing, we had the misfortune
to break one of our pontoons, a long canal boat, and
it was not deemed safe to go with that part of our force
which was at Lawrence s. We were misled for the
first time since we have had forces in Suffolk by the
information given us by a contraband. But the ford had
been destroyed by the enemy, who had been warned of
our coming with pontoons.
While we held our position we heard part of our pro
gramme being carried out, in the shape of heavy cannon
ading at Franklin ; and at about ten we were ordered to
fall in, and proceeded to a point near the Widow Cobb s,
some mile and a half from Franklin, where we found the
rest of our battery in position, vigorously shelling the
woods some two miles off, across the stream. Before our
arrival, when the battery and cavalry first reached the
place, there was a rebel cavalry force on this side ; but
they speedily placed running water between us, and re
turned our compliments with solid shot and shell, and
several discharges from the famous Rocket Battery, which
was captured from McClellan.
182 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Here, too, we held the advance, and remained till our
battery had sent some three hundred shot and shell, and
while the enemy had dropped the iron exponents of his
regard for us all around us ; and I must say, little as I
had admired the sound of the minie bullets, that I was less
in love with the sound of shell, three of which I saw drop
and explode within a few rods, while several went as
near to us as we cared to have them. But there was no
flinching on the part of our boys. Two of our men
James L. McKeever of the Cambridge company, and
Luke Gray of Lowell fell out of the ranks, and were
taken prisoners. 1
On the return from this expedition, we enjoyed the
pleasantest bivouac of the campaign, near Beaver-Dam
Church. The field and staff found plenty of rails, which
were laid, one end on the ground, and the other on the
second rail of the Virginia fence, and, well covered with fine
boughs, they made a bed beyond description refreshing.
During the rest of this month, little occurred of special
interest, as the men were busy in preparing for winter,
and in recovering from the fatigues of the expedition.
The hospital inmates always increased in number, and
usually death followed in the track of a Blackwater ex
pedition. On the return from this march, Capt. A. C.
1 They were fagged, entered a house to rest, when they were gobbled,
and carried to Richmond. They were shortly after exchanged, and went to
Annapolis, whence Grey soon returned to camp. McKeever, a Balti-
morean, though he got as far as Annapolis, never made his appearance.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 183
Wright, of company A, applied for his discharge, and
his application was granted. 1
Private Chas. A. Cutts, company D, Lowell, died of
typhoid fever, on the 25th ; and A. J. Herrick, a marker,
formerly of company A, of the same disease, the 30th.
These were both faithful soldiers and excellent men.
A Blackwater expedition was ordered on the 26th ; but
a heavy rain setting in, it was " postponed on account of
the weather." This was pleasant news ; for, the night
before, we had received more than two tons of roasted
poultry, pies, puddings, etc., from home ; and, on the pre
vious Sunday, the Governor s proclamation of Thanks
giving was read in church, and all were anticipating the
festivities of that time, for which, all over the land, thou
sands of feathered bipeds had been
" Butchered to make a Yankee holiday."
The 27th was indeed a holiday in camp. 2 The rough
" board " (literally) of each soldier contained the tradi-
1 At this time we received the news of McClellan s removal. There were
many in the regiment who admired him, but the course of the government
was fully acquiesced in. No one would have known that any change had
taken place by the conduct of the soldiers.
2 For a long time there was no little foraging, to forelay that poultry
without which the genuine New Englander feels that the honored festival
is not duly kept. To secure that article there was many a fowl proceeding
184 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
tional luxuries of the day, roast turkey, plum pud
ding, pies, fruit, all from home, with the cooking
done by beloved hands, so that it had the familiar taste
and flavor, and, under such circumstances, more than
the usual relish. 1 The day was full of pleasant inci
dents that might be chronicled. I wonder if a certain
corporal, who received two fine turkeys, roasted, from
home, and who, in the fulness of his heart, gave one
away, remembers that he gave away the wrong one, and
recollects the hearty laugh that went round camp, when
the receiver of the gift, in carving the fowl, found that
his knife would not cut through the dressing, which, on
further investigation, turned out to be a little black bot
tle, the contents of which would hardly have got into
camp in any other way, but would probably have gone
down the neck of some provost marshal ?
All sorts of games were indulged in, the most mirthful
of which was the sack-racing, by our colored servants.
Tied up in a bag, each one did his best to outstrip the
others, and the result was side-splitting in the extreme.
Now Clem, now Tom, now Lam, was ahead ; and the spec-
in the vicinity of our camp; though it must be confessed that the chief re
liance of the boys was a long way off, and that they expected something
good from home.
1 There was not a canvas roof of ours in Suffolk whose occupants did
not fondly remember and bless the wives and sisters, the mothers and
daughters, and all the other home folk far away; and the blue-coated
boys in each rough log camp were more than ever desirous that the wheels
of time should roll more rapidly, and transport them to " home, sweet
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 185
tators were convulsed with laughter, until the goal was
reached, and the prize was won. Thanksgiving in camp
will long be remembered. A large number of spectators
was present, among whom was the rare and welcome
spectacle of beautiful Northern ladies. The sight of
them rejoiced our -hearts for a moment, until each of us
was saddened, as he remembered " the girl he left be
" THREE DAYS RATIONS."
Dec. l,at twelve, M., the regiment was ordered to report
at the South Quay Bridge, at three o clock. Fatigue parties
and pickets were called in, and all was ready at the
appointed time. The force consisted of twenty-three
hundred infantry, eight hundred cavalry, and six pieces
of artillery, the Seventh Massachusetts, all com
manded by Colonel Spear, of the Eleventh Pennsylvania
Cavalry, a gallant officer as ever charged a foe. He
was a Boston boy, a pupil of the old Franklin-Street
School, and early entered the City Guard, and the
United States Dragoons. He served through the Flor
ida war, went to Mexico, where he was seriously wounded
at Cerro Gordo, in the memorable charge under Harney.
He was promoted to the lieutenant-colonelcy for gallant
conduct. Major Stratton, as well as Colonel Spear, was
a Massachusetts man, born in Greenfield. The quarter
master Mr. Sherman was a Lowell boy ; so that
though this gallant corps was a Pennsylvania one, it was
officered by Bay State boys.
186 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
A curious coincidence attended us on this march.
When the Seventh Battery was originated, it was in
tended to be company G in the Sixth regiment. It
entered the service, however, as Richardson s Light
Infantry, eighteen months before, and served as such a
year at Fortress Monroe, when it became a battery. It
had done good service in garrison and as artillery, but
never moved on any expedition promising real work,
until it left camp with the Sixth, which entered the
service a year and a quarter after it.
We marched, with a brief halting, till after sunrise
next morning, when we camped around Beaver-Dam
Church, three miles from Franklin. We were comfort
ably cooking our breakfast, when the mounted pickets
brought our commander news that sent all his available
men to their saddles, and we soon saw that finest of mili
tary spectacles, a cavalry charge. Mounted on splendid
horses, bold riders and brave officers, led by Major
Stratton, this crack corps swept like a tornado through
our ranks, and out of sight. Soon we heard firing, and
knew that work was going on ; and ere long the bespat
tered squadron returned, with prisoners and spoils. We
learned from them that they encountered a force equal
to their own, four companies, with the addition of
two pieces of the Rocket Battery. This latter "gun"
throws a rocket with great force, and accompanied by a
fearful noise, that introduces the utmost confusion among
horses, and it has long been the terror of our cavalry. It
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 187
consists of fourteen pieces, presented to General McClel-
lan, and then taken from him by the rebels, on the Penin
Our men charged with the greatest impetuosity on the
foe, who made no resistance, but put their horses on their
wind and mettle, to escape over the Blackwater. But
they were overtaken about a mile out of Franklin, and
twenty cavalry and battery men were captured, most of
whom were more or less sabred, together with thirty-
five guns, horses, saddles, etc., but most important of all,
a prize that elated the captors immensely and justly,
two of the guns, a caisson, and the horses and men of the
Rocket Battery. At the request of Colonel Spear, one
of the gunners shot off fcur of the rockets, and the sight
was novel enough to us all.
The captured men answered the description we had
all so often read of secesh soldiers. Clad in coarse but
ternut or gray clothing, with the cheapest saddles and
military equipments, and with a famished expression of
countenance, their appearance told of their poverty, while
the avidity with which they seized food and coffee spoke
of their long hunger. One told me that his drink of
coffee was " worth three dollars, sure, for it is not rye
coffee, but coffee coffee."
The battery was composed of men from Halifax coun
ty, Va. ; and the cavalry was the Second Georgia, Colonel
J. R. Griffin, commander. I conversed with those who
were not too much injured to talk. With one exception,
188 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
they assured me that they were forced into the rebel
service, and that they were rejoiced at the opportunity
to take the oath of fidelity to the government ; that the
war was ruining everything in the South, and that they
longed to see it close. Their colonel was out with them,
but having a better horse than his followers, he succeed
ed in escaping, reversing the Scriptures, which declare
that " a horse is a vain thing for safety."
Next morning, the chaplain, as usual, rode into camp
ahead of the regiment, to forward dispatches, and have
warm food ready for the boys on their arrival. Frr
twelve miles, through a desolate realm, on a most dismal
day, he saw not a soul but one ancient darkey, in a re
gion intersected with cross-roads, and just the place for
" guerillas." Two of our pickets were shot on this road,
two miles from camp, the following night.
CHANGE OF CAMP.
On the 6th of December, Gen. Wessel s brigade
having gone to North Carolina, we were ordered to oc
cupy their camp, and take their position at the front.
We removed very reluctantly, for the place was low
and swampy, and we at once and unanimously designated
it as Camp Misery. But we transported our houses, piece
meal, and our " furniture," and at once began to drain
and grade the land; and ere long we had a very pleas
ant camp, and one which is, doubtless, remembered more
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 189
kindly than either of the others. A handsome engraving
has been published, representing Camp Misery.
Alfred A. Richardson, of company B, Groton, died of
diphtheria, Dec. 8. He was a young man of promise
and character, aged about twenty-two ; was perfectly
conscious to the last, aware that he was going, and passed
away in perfect trust in God, finding the dying bed " soft
as downy pillows are. " He laid off the armor of battle
for that of the celestial host on high.
At this time, we received quite a donation of useful ar
ticles for the hospital, from the Sanitary Commission.
We received no hospital stores from any other source
than the Sanitary Commission, and the Haverhill Sol
diers Aid Society, Mrs. E. P. Hill, President, and Mrs.
I. E. Chase, Sec. and Treas., during the campaign.
Some amusing stories might be told of our sentinels.
One day a Dutchman from Pennsylvania was being drilled
in his duties. After he had received his lesson once,
his instructor caused him to advance as though he were
a stranger, when he called out, " Who goes there ? "
" Donnelson" was the response, giving the countersign.
Another demanded of a soldier if he had a pass. He had.
He asked to see it. It was shown. " Would you have
the kindness to read it to me ?" said Pat, for it was not
a Dutchman this time.
190 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
AGAIN FOR THE BLACKWATER.
The familiar order, " Fall in with three days rations ! "
was again heard on Thursday, Dec. 11. The regiment
was promptly on the South Quay Road, at the appointed
time, half past eleven, and with full ranks, for it was
always noticed with pride that not even dress-parade or
drill called out so many officers and men as the prospect
of a hard march and rough work. Even the hospital
sent out its inmates, who suddenly discovered that they
were not sick, at the prospect of a brush with the foe.
Our brigade had the advance ; and, after marching all
night, we reached a place about two miles below Zuni, on
the Blackwater, where we intended to cross with our
pontoon train ; but we found the place so swept by a fire
of rebel sharpshooters as to make the sacrifice of life too
great, until that force was disposed of; and the cannonad
ing, dictated by a proper regard for our own men ; so noti
fied those we went out to visit, that we concluded not to
cross, as we might easily have done.
When we first reached the place, we found a force of
rebel sharpshooters in rifle-pits, guarding the only avail
able crossing ; and even there the water was some twelve
feet deep. The Thirteenth Indiana had the front as skirm
ishers, and company I (of Lawrence), Capt. Hamilton, was
with them. The rest of the Sixth stood in support of How
ard s battery. The fire of the rebels was rapid and exact.
Almost as soon as company I was in position, a rebel fired
at Lieut. Barr, and killed him almost instantly by a ball
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 191
through the heart. He was seeking to keep his men in
cover, with too little regard for himself, when he fell.
He had placed one man in position, and was just direct
ing another, when the fatal messenger came /"He stepped
forward, saying, " I am shot ! " and continued his direc
tions to his men. His last act was to serve those com
mitted to his care : his last words were in behalf of his
men. This was the first death in battle the regiment had
experienced. He was a most estimable man, beloved by
his company and regimental associates, and held by his
colonel in high regard. He fell nobly, though so early
in life. Let his townsmen and countrymen pray to be
found at the end of life doing their duty as was he.
Lieut. Barr was born in Fall River, and was about
twenty-two years old.
The rest of the regiment remained in support- of the
battery; and two companies of the Thirteenth Indiana
crossed the river at a point about an eighth of a mile distant,
and approached the enemy s rifle pit under cover, to within
a short distance, when with loud cheers they rushed upon
the foe, who had not time to run, but at the sight of the
cold steel they surrendered. There were three killed or
mortally wounded, others slightly so, and twelve prisoners.
Some had escaped previously by a trench leading to the
woods. We had hardly recrossed, when we were furi
ously shelled by a battery that was run down on the rail
road, large guns on platform cars, a very rapid and
effective method. Here the Sixth was particularly ex-
192 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
posed to a hot fire, for a long time, and though there were
close escapes, there were none injured. Shells passed
among them, and exploded all about them, but not a h air of
their heads differed. The regiment behaved splendidly.
One shell, the moment the order to lie down was obeyed,
passed over, within two feet of the ground, and struck
the earth within a rod of the rear of the line, and then
ricoclietted over the One Hundred and Twelfth New
York, in the same manner. The enemy fired with re
markable precision. Several of ours were hit in their
clothing. There were several killed and wounded in
Our battery silenced the enemy s fire, when the order
was given to fall back, as the noise of our cannonading
had put the force we went out to take on their guard,
and there was therefore no utility in crossing.
While our engagement was going on, we had a small
force at Zuni, and another at Franklin, shelling the enemy
in those places. The " diapason of the cannonade," as
" the Death Angel touched the swift keys," and sounded
the " miserere" of the battle, was among the sublimest
and most exhilarating of sounds I can imagine to fall on
the human ear.
In the stillness of night, Col. Follansbee and myself
rode into camp, fourteen miles. Liable at any moment
to be challenged by guerillas or rebel scouts, each kept
one hand in his overcoat pocket, grasping his revolver,
ready to reply to a challenge with the bark of the pistol.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 193
We were unmolested ; but the loneliness and excitement
of the ride will long be remembered.
The body of Lieut. Barr was escorted by the chaplain
to his home in Lawrence, and imposing services were
held in the Baptist Church, on Sunday, the chaplain and
another clergyman conducting the services. The fire
department and citizens generally thronged the church,
and testified to their regard for the departed.
Notwithstanding the unusual size of the regiment, it
rarely appeared as it should, in consequence of the large
number detached to other branches of the service. At
one time nearly two hundred were thus detailed. There
were orderlies, clerks, and detailed men in every part
of the department, and not one of them ever betrayed
his trust, or was punished for any neglect of duty.
Dec. 22d, Corp. Leonard Brown, company C,was detailed
as Division Post-master.
Nahum H. Whitcomb of Littleton, company E., died
of pneumonia, December 12th, an upright man, an obe-
. dient and willing soldier. The eighth death, by disease,
occurred Dec. 23d, when Hiram A. Legro, company D, of
Lowell, died of swamp fever ; and on the following day
Corp. G. W. Swain, company C, of Dracut, died. Both
were prompt, efficient, excellent soldiers.
Christmas was enjoyed as a holiday throughout the
division. While some of the regiments decorated their
194 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
grounds, and celebrated the day with much hilarity, a
quiet Christmas supper arrived from home, and furnished
most of the boys of the Sixth with a handsome entertain
Dec. 28th, Spinola s brigade left for North Carolina,
over land, and Gibbs brigade, with two sections of the
Seventh Massachusetts, went out toward the Blackwater,
to effect a diversion in their favor. A little skirmishing
was had with quite a force under Gen. Pryor, and the
designed effect was produced, in enabling Spinola to cross
the Chowan, and reach his destination unobstructed in
spite of the Confederate forces. The day following
Ferry s brigade commenced its departure for the same
NEW YEAR S.
New Year s was a holiday ; and among the excellent
things that made the time pass off pleasantly were
twenty boxes full of " goodies," from the city of Lowell.
There were in all about seven hundred packages.
January 4th, the chaplain returned to duty, after a
short absence, during which he visited the towns in
which all the companies in the regiment were raised
and communicated to the friends of the soldiers their
condition, and brought a large number of letters, pack
ages, and messages from home.
January 7th, Charles H. Balcom, of company B,
from Pepperell, died of swamp fever. Private Balcom
had won the respect of his officers and fellow-soldiers.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 195
At this time, our new camping-ground, situated on low
land, and in the woods, was one vast pool of mire and
mud. Frequent rain and occasional snow kept it wet
down all the time ; and locomotion, except on the railroad
track, was very difficult. The word " mud " has a new
emphasis to all who have waded through it in the vicin
ity of Suffolk.
On the 12th, certain indications seemed to point
toward an attack from the enemy ; and Col. Foster
directed, in case of sudden attack, that five companies
should rally to Fort Nansemond, four behind the rifle-
pits to the left of the fort, and the other to the Petersburg
Railroad bridge, which passed across a deep ravine, and
was very defensible. Gen. Peck, about this time, as we
then thought with too much caution, was constantly on
the qui vive, and sent extra forces here and there to sup
port pickets, and to watch, ready to defend exposed places,
and kept the boys busy in strengthening the defences ;
but we learned, after a while, that his course was a most
judicious one. A great deal of complaining and fault
finding was indulged in, but much life was preserved ;
and perhaps Suffolk itself was saved from capture, the
next April, by the labors performed this winter, by order
of Gen. Peck. Very much to our astonishment, a
Blackwater expedition was organized on the 12th, and
the Sixth Regiment was left out. We were less sorry
196 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
At this time Q. M. Wise sent in his resignation. He
had a fine business opportunity, which he thought he
could not afford to lose for so short a time as remained
of the regiment s service ; and his request was granted.
Lieut. Wise discharged the duties of his office with great
fidelity, arid was entirely honorable and upright in all his
conduct. He was succeeded by Com. Serg. Coburn.
During the last of January, the weather was so warm
that ordinary dress-coats were uncomfortable. Frogs
were plenty, and mosquitoes were not uncommon.
DEATH BY ACCIDENT.
January 27th, Dennis McCarthy, of company I, of
Lawrence, was instantly killed by a falling tree. He was
at fatigue duty in the woods. He was a faithful soldier.
Wednesday, January 28th, came the most agreeable
day in the calendar to the soldier, except the day when
he honorably closes his term of service ; and that was
pay-day. It was our first. What soldier has not expe
rienced its pleasures ? It is the fruition of which the
mustering-in is the anticipation. There is no man so
welcome as the paymaster, and no day so welcome as
pay-day, especially, if, as was our case, five months had
passed, during which nothing had been received. For
some weeks, letters had gone home without stamps, but
with the chaplain s endorsement, so that they could be
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 197
paid at the other end of the route, and sometimes with
the significant words by the writer, on the envelope,
" narry a red." All sorts of expedients have been
resorted to in order to obtain the soldier s chief comfort,
tobacco. Everything else, except his rations, he has
long since gone without. Several times, it has been
reported that the pay-master had been seen in some
neighboring regiment. One reports that he heard he was
in one, and another is confident he is in another place.
All the reports are false : "the wish is father to the
thought." But at last an ambulance is seen coming
toward camp. It stops before the colonel s. Out
jumps a major, and with him a gentleman dressed as a
citizen, and lifting a trunk, which both of them hold very
carefully, not ordering others to handle it like a com
mon trunk. Ah, it contains reams of greenbacks. It s
the paymaster ! The word " Greenbacks ! Green
backs ! " runs like fire ; and soon the aggregate length of
face in the regiment has shrunk several yards. The pro
cess of paying commences immediately. The boys march
up by companies ; and, after deducting what the sutler has
trusted them, too often a large sum, the money is
passed over, and the boys pockets are lined once more.
Those who have not allotted any portion of their pay
have a goodly sum, and all have something ; and it is
fun, indeed, to go to the sutler s, the shops in town, and
everywhere that the boys can visit, and see them lay in
the good things. Aside from his emoluments, I really
198 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
think I should like to wear the shoulder-straps of the
paymaster, he is so welcome wherever he goes. There
are several kinds of welcome that have passed into prov
erbs : but, of them all, commend me to a paymaster s
welcome, when the boys have waited months for their
At this time, there was a good deal of despondency at
home ; and the papers began to intimate that the army
was discouraged, and the war a failure. It was far from
that. I wrote at the time in the Boston " Journal : " " It
is true that the enthusiasm with which men are animated
on entering the service soon evaporates. It is so always.
Who of us does not know that the position, to which we
have struggled and aimed for years, when reached is
seen in a different light, and that possession is cool where
anticipation is ardent? It is also true that there is
no little fault-finding and grumbling. Where is this also
not true ? Men who at home found fault with their din
ner and the weather, cannot of course undergo the hard
ships of camp without indulging in the old habit. The
boys feel far better than one might infer from hearing
some of their talk. For instance, one night one of ours
was scolding generally, running a muck at government,
the paymaster, the army, and so on. A good-natured fel
low, who perhaps may sometimes have felt just so himself,
said : " Suppose you heard a secesh, down town, talking
that way, what would you do? " " Knock him over,
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 199
was the quiet response. This anecdote is representative.
We find fault ; we scold ; we grumble ; we long to be at
home ; but, if anybody thinks we are discouraged or de
moralized, he is infinitely mistaken. We are here as
ready and as efficient as ever we were ; and I must be-
ieve that is true of our army generally."
AGAIN FOB THE BLACKWATER !
At midnight of January 29th, another Blackwater ex
pedition began ; and, with three days rations, and under
the light of a clear moon, but with the whole country
sheets of mud and ponds of water, alternately, we took
up our line of march on the old and familiar road. Our
boys were as usual in the finest spirits, and tramped
along through the " horrible pit and miry clay " with as
much nonchalance as though a muster instead of a prob
able battle were on the tapis.
The expedition was projected to attack and rout, and
if possible capture, a large rebel force under General
Pryor (the redoubtable hero who did not fight Potter,
and whom we always found to be a general of retiring
manners), known to be in strong position at the Deserted
House, a well known landmark to all Suffolk soldiers,
about ten miles on the road to Carsville. Our forces
were all under command of Gen. Corcoran, who had
a portion of his own brigade, with Spear s Eleventh
Pennsylvania Cavalry, Follett s, and the Seventh Massa
chusetts Batteries, the Indiana Thirteenth, New York
200 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
One Hundred and Thirtieth, and Massachusetts Sixth,
and other infantry.
The advance guard Eleventh Pennsylvania had
proceeded but six miles, when a rebel picket squad of fifty,
01* thereabouts, poured a volley into them, seriously wound
ing one man, but inflicting no other damage. Not know
ing the number of their assailants, the advance fell back,
when the Indiana Thirteenth, with fixed bayonets, and
those cheers that have been heard on many a battle-field,
charged on the unseen foe, putting them to rapid flight.
We then pushed on till we had gone about eight miles
from Suffolk, when the enemy assailed us with great fury
with solid shot, shell, and rockets, served with great pre
cision and effect, from guns so posted as to be unseen
and yet rake the roads and open fields in which our line
of battle was formed. The range was about nine
hundred yards. Here Follett s and the Massachu
setts Seventh Batteries were brought into action,
and the guns were served so well and supported so
efficiently by the Indiana boys and our own, that
after two or three hours of fierce artillery duelling,
accompanied by the tattoo of rifles, the rebels were
driven back from point to point, until they made a stand
very near the Deserted House. So well had they ob
tained the range, and so accurate was their aim, that
they troubled us a good deal, but though fighting an un
seen enemy, in the night, our forces were not the less
undaunted, but fought their way step by step, the various
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 201
corps being handled so well that shortly after daylight
the enemy was again driven back ; at which time the
Sixth, as supports, formed and held its line of battle on
the exact spot just occupied by the rebel artillery, the
batteries and cavalry sharply following the retreating foe.
At about daylight, the firing on both sides was fierce and
continuous, and to us was quite galling ; and though our
advance was necessarily so slow that it afforded the
rebels ample time to remove most of their wounded and
dead, the bodies we saw, the large number of dead horses
left by them, and the havoc committed on trees and
buildings, on the exact spots they occupied, gave ample
proof that they suffered far -more than we did. Our
regiment never before so well knew by experience the
character of an artillery fire. The whole air at times
seemed full of the noise of the flying missiles, and the
fallen forms of dead and wounded comrades taught them
bitterly what a sad work was going on. I shall never
forget this, my first shelling. Dismounted, holding my
horse by the bridle, my back against a big tree between
myself and the enemy, I stood, like Paul, when he was
shipwrecked, and " wished for day." My contraband
left for the extreme rear as soon as the firing began.
Next day, he reported that when he passed through a
ditch in the road, at a two-forty gait, " dere came one
of the biggest shells, and fried like anything in the
water ! "
The most of our casualties were at about the time of
202 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
daybreak ; and, in the midst of the sinking of the heart
I experienced over the wounds and death of dear friends,
I could not help noticing that the pink of sunrise was
just as fair as on a marriage morn, and that the robins
and blue birds played their mellow flutes as though no
such scenes were transpiring.
" How strikingly the course of Nature tells,
By its light heed of human suffering,
That it was fashioned for a happier world."
We had a brief but melancholy chapter of disasters to
record, the most and the worst of which related to the
excellent Groton company (B).
Lieut. E. D. Sawtelle of Groton, aged twenty-eight,
was killed by a shell-wound on the chest and thigh. How
well I remember him all along the march, within a few
feet of me, the gayest of the gay, cheering his men with
lively and pleasant words, and moving to the battle as
though to festive scenes.
Lieut. S. G. Blood was slightly scratched in the face
by the same shell.
George W. Blodgett, of Westford, aged eighteen, was
instantly killed by a shell-wound in the head.
A. Withington, Townsend, aged nineteen, killed.
Augustus Reed of Westford, company B, was so
wounded in the right arm as to render amputation neces
sary. He died Feb. 27, of secondary hemorrhage.
Francis I. Howard, of Westford, company B, lost his
right leg, and died Feb. 3.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 203
Besides these, the rest were but slightly wounded.
Lieut. I. N. Marshall, company C, slight injury from piece
of shell near the knee ; Lieut. W. F. Wood, company K,
contusion of the head by a piece of shell ; W. H. Smith,
company K ; J. T. Smart, company C ; W. Whitcomb,
company B ; C. W. Hildreth, company B. Capt.
Bartlett was slightly lamed in the foot by a wheel,
and Adjutant Allen somewhat injured by the falling
of his horse across him, when he, together with Col.
Follansbee, had a fearfully narrow escape. Both
were sitting together, by the side of their horses, when
a shell passed through both animals, killing them both,
and throwing them across the adjutant. The colonel s
noble horse "Jim" was one of the finest animals* in
the service. The shell that killed these horses, tore
the back out of the blouse of Wm. Spalding, the
colonel s clerk, without inflicting a scratch on him. And
others of us had close but safe escapes.
Besides the above, one was killed and one wounded,
of those detached from the regiment into another depart
ment. B. F. Leighton, of Cambridge, aged twenty-five,
was killed by the explosion of a caisson in Follett s Bat
tery, to which he had been attached.
In the Seventh Battery, every tenth man was injured
or killed, a literal decimation.
Officers higher in rank than any in our own regiment
spoke of the Sixth to me in terms that would bring the
same glow of honorable pride on their cheeks, and
204 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
those of their friends at home, that I felt on my own.
Officers and men, with scarcely an exception, honored the
state they represented.
Col. Follansbee was complimented on the field by Gen.
Corcoran ; and Lieut. Col. Beal, Major Stott, and Adjt.
Allen were just where they should have been, and their
conduct was perfect. Nor do I know of a line or non
commissioned officer or private who failed to do his duty.
Indeed, when we went up to support the battery, we were
ordered to follow a certain New York regiment. We did
so till it halted short of the post of duty, when we
pushed by it, and obeyed the order given us.
At daybreak, our whole force pursued the enemy some
eight miles further, till they escaped over the Black-
water. One or two infantry engagements accompanied
the pursuit, and several casualties occurred, none of
which were in the Sixth. Thus our boys performed the
task of marching some thirty-six miles through mud and
mire, and of undergoing the terrible ordeal of hours of
silent submission to shell and cannon-shot, and all within
the brief limits of twenty-four hours. This surpasses
in danger, hardship, and loss all our previous military
At this fi<> ht occurred one of those blunders which
have destroyed so many lives during the war, because
necessity placed men without military knowledge high in
position. Gen. Corcoran stationed the Sixth in support
of the Seventh Battery, in a swamp, at right angles in-
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 205
stead of parallel with the Battery, so that any one shot
might have riddled the regiment, had not Col. Follans-
bee taken the responsibility of arranging his men as they
should be placed.
There were not many unpleasant features, aside from
the casualties, to mar the expedition. One colonel was
in a state of beastly intoxication, and was made to sur
render his sword, and come home in the rear of his regi
ment, under arrest. The habit of rum-drinking was
most wretchedly abused if such a practice is ever not
abused by officers in Peck s division. If a private got
drunk, he was punished, and was not allowed whiskey,
except in case of excessive fatigue ; but officers gener
ally used it, and very often to excess. And there was
too great a disposition on the part of officers to screen
each other when they drank to intoxication. It was the
cause of a great deal of disaster to the service.
The enemy had fourteen guns, the largest of which
were twelve-pounders, to our twelve guns, the largest
being ten-pounders. Our infantry undoubtedly exceeded
theirs ; and, had they not got far in advance of our forces
at daybreak, we should have given them the fate that
ought to befall all traitors.
Thus the Sixth Regiment lost six men, Lieut.
Sawtelle, G. W. Blodgett, Alanson Withington, Au
gustus Reed (morcally wounded), and F. I. Howard,
of the Groton company (B), and B. F. Leighton, of
Co. F. (Cambridge), detached to Follett s Battery ;
206 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
and the Seventh Battery lost three ; namely, J. P.
Hun ting ton , H. G. Craig and John Keegan. On ampu
tating Huntington s leg, no less than nine balls, probably
from a case-shot, were found in the limb. Craig s port-
monnaie, containing a roll of bills, two daguerreotypes,
and his knife, were driven through his leg by the force
of the shot. Sad were we all at the death of these noble
I fear I have not said enough of the perilous position
in which our regiment was placed, and the cool bravery
with which they sustained themselves, field and staff, line
officers, non-commissioned, and privates. Infantry against
infantry, or even charging a battery, is infinitely less try
ing than to lie, as they did for hours, silent and unflinch
ing targets for death to bombard. But from the time
that Col. Follansbee said, " Now, boys ! we are to keep
this position till we are ready to charge on the battery ;
remember and sustain the credit of the old Sixth ! " till
we pursued the flying foe, they did their duty like vet
erans. A New York adjutant told me, " They sustained
the national reputation which the regiment enjoys ! "
And these were not veterans, but raw militia.
Readers at a distance may wonder why, in the battle
of " Deserted House," our forces did not proceed with
more dash and elan. They will find the explanation
in the topography of the country: an almost continu
ous forest and swamp extend from the Narisemond to
the Blackwater. Through this dense growth runs the
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 207
narrow road, and an occasional opening occurs, just
about frequently enough to afford a good position for
batteries to be stationed. At the " Deserted House," the
clearing is some twelve feet above the general monoto
nous level of the country, and the approaches to it are
by this narrow road. Of course, our forces were as
much exposed while advancing as though crossing a
bridge, swept by hostile cannon. Cavalry cannot be
made effective ; and artillery and infantry can only ad
vance literally into the cannon s mouth. This ours did
gloriously, effectually, till they drove the enemy from
altogether the best position between the rivers. Had
our forces been large enough, we might have flanked
them. But with nine miles front to defend, and the pos
sibility that the rebel attack was a feint to cover an
entrance into our works, we had to be content to give
the enemy a fair flogging in a regular stand-up fight.
Our casualties in all were twenty-six killed, and eighty
How many more of these precious lives must be given,
we asked, as the price of our national honor and salva
tion ? We know that not one of them shall be given in
vain. Every drop of blood now shed shall be coined into
blessings for the generations to come, who shall count
the humblest one who dies to-day as worthy of more
honor than a score of those ignoble beings who live to
old age, incapable of such sublime self-sacrifice as is
being made by these noble sons of a heroic lineage.
208 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
". Oh, where can dust to dust
Be consigned so well,
As where Heaven its dews shall shed,
On the martyred patriot s bed ? "
Elbridge Conant died February 10, of brain fever,
contracted at " Deserted House." He was an excellent
member of Company E, and was from Acton.
All sorts of methods were adopted by those who de
sired to smuggle contraband goods from Dix s realms
to Dixie, and a good deal of ingenuity was needed to
foil their schemes. I am sorry to say that the most suc
cessful cheats in this line were of the feminine persua
sion. The younger and fairer they were, the more likely
they were to succeed ; for it is hard for a gallant officer,
however keen and loyal he may be, to distrust a lady s
declaration, when she is handsome; and I fear that
many a one has " pulled the wool " over the eyes of
provost marshals elsewhere, as well as in Suffolk. Not
withstanding that, a good deal was captured by Major
Smith, our provost.
On one occasion, one was arrested who, under her
feminine garb, wore two full suits of male attire, and
who, in addition, was able to conceal a small haber
dasher s variety, for the aid and comfort of her friends
in Dixie. And, just before we left, Gen. Peck re-
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 209
ceived a telegram, stating that a lady was in the train
then on its way from Norfolk, with passes, who had
complete sketches of all the defences of Suffolk screwed
into the handle of her parasol.
A YOUNG HERO S^ DEATH.
On the 27th of February, the whole camp was sad
dened to hear of the death of Augustus Reed, of company
B. " Gussy," as he was affectionately called, was but
nineteen years old, at the time of his death. His arm was
amputated at the battle of " Deserted House ; " but
secondary hemorrhage set in twice, and the loss of blood
made so great a drain on his system, that, after lingering
nearly a month, he died. He was a brave, gallant boy ;
and, having done his duty nobly, he only asked that he
might go home to his mother and die. A few minutes
before he died, he prayed a brief sentence ; and, from
the blood-stained cot of the hero, he went to the hero s
THE LONG ROLL.
The same night, for the first time, the long roll was
beat throughout our regiment and camp. At about nine
o clock the alarm commenced, and, in a camp as large as
Suffolk, the effect of that wild alarum is strange and
startling. First one drum rolls, then another, and an
other, and at length the entire camp resounds, far and
near, with the rapid pulsations of hundreds of them.
Then comes the " limbering up " of artillery, the clatter
210 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
of cavalry horses and sabres, the rumbling of artillery
wheels, the gallop of orderlies, the " thunder of the cap
tains, and the shoutings," until the entire force is in posi
tion to meet and repel any advance. Our own regiment was
promptly in line, and desirous of nothing more than that
the enemy should attach us, instead of compelling us to
move against him. The alarm was caused by a return
ing body of cavalry, that was mistaken for a rebel force.
After a couple hours of watchfulness, the cause trans
pired, the " voices of the night" subsided, and
" Silence, like a poultice, came,
And healed the blows of sound."
On the first of March, the gardens were smiling with
crocuses, snowdrops, and hyacinths, the advance guard
of the hosts of summer ; and, on the trees, the swelling
buds already prophesied the speedy birth of the leaves.
And this reminds me of "a little joke" which was in
circulation. " The regiment has a long march ahead, it
seems," says one. "Ah, what is it?" "The month
of March," was the reply.
A FAUX PAS.
During March, the mud was so deep, that but very
little movement was attempted. On the 17th, however, a
cavalry and artillery force of about five hundred returned
from an expedition that turned out rather unsuccessfully,
though under the circumstances our forces escaped re
markably well. Two sections of the Seventh Massachusetts
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 211
Battery, under command of Capt. Davis, and six com
panies of the Eleventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, all com
manded by Col. Spear, left camp at midnight of Monday to
reconnoitre a position near Carsville, where the rebels were
reported to have thrown up a redoubt, and to have a force
of seven hundred, with one gun. The expedition reached
the place without adventure, and Col. Spear immediately
ordered three of his companies to charge the redoubt.
His boys obeyed, as they were always glad to do ; and they
went with a will till they were within twelve feet of the
works, when a wide ditch in front forbade further progress,
and a furious discharge from some four or five guns, in
stead of one, and a flank movement by at least three rebel
regiments, met them. Determined not to give it up so,
Col. Spear ordered his other three companies to charge,
and the same result ensued ; but the flank movement of
the rebel infantry by this time looked rather formidable,
and Capt. Davis considered himself lucky in being able
to extricate his guns in safety. Before withdrawing,
however, Lieut. Farrar gave the enemy seventeen rounds,
which must have damaged them a good deal ; and then
our forces made a somewhat rapid exodus from the limbo
in which they found themselves.
IN STATU QUO.
On the 20th and 21st, we had a severe snow-storm,
fully up to the New England standard, and well calcu
lated by its hyperborean character to keep us from home-
212 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
sickness ! A similar storm took place as late as April 5th.
During this time, there was little done or apprehended
from the enemy, for the state of the roads embargoed all
military movements. The time was passed quietly, and
the quantity of correspondence with home, manufacture
of bone rings, rustic furniture, and the like, was quite
extensive. Time at length began to lay heavily, and
most of the men were anxious for something stirring to
A SOUTHERN WEDDING.
A unique performance came off on the evening of
March 24th, at a rough log-hut very near our camp.
This was nothing less than a wedding, the ceremony of
which was performed by the chaplain of the Sixth, between
a gallant young artillery-man, attached to a regular bat
tery, and a fair damsel of Isle of Wight County, Va.
Of course she belonged to one of the first families, for
all Virginians do that I have ever met; though it did
strike me a little oddly to see her roll the sweet morsel
of tobacco under her tongue, during the ceremony, and
eject the brown juice with surprising accuracy into the
ample fire-place that occupied nearly one end of the room.
Indulging in a little conversation at a bridal call, made
next morning, with my wife, I ventured to suggest that
it was well for kindred souls to be united, to which she
responded in the vernacular that I have found general
among Virginians of all colors : " Yaas ! I oilers thought,
when a gal loved a feller, she d better have him soon s
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 213
she could git him ! " When the refreshments were passed
at the close of the ceremonies, I was not a little taken
aback to see that they consisted of hot flour hiscuits
(a rare dish where corn bread is the regular food, for in
Virginia the staff of life is a cornstalk), and sausages,
and sugar candy ! But maugre the oddities of the oc
casion, the main thing the union of two kindred hearts,
(though the mudsill was a great ways superior to the
daughter of Virginia) was at length consummated,
an act typical of what is now rapidly transpiring, the
union of North and South :
" A union of hearts and a union of hands,
A union of fates none can sever. "
A very sudden change of programme took place on the
9th of April, when " Special Order No. 99 " came, re
quiring the colonel to have his regiment in readiness to
move at a moment s notice, with all its ammunition, and
camp and garrison equipage. Extra baggage was rapidly
sifted out, and started for home. Among the superflui
ties, several women and children were prominent ; for it
was reported that we were destined for New Berne. The
men on detached service were returned ; the fixtures
of cabins, furniture, windows, doors, and the like, were
given away, until camp was stripped quite bare ; and we
were even loading the train to convey us to Norfolk,
when the order was countermanded. Col. Foster, our
214 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
brigade commander, sent a very complimentary special
order to the officers and soldiers, thanking them for the
fidelity and cheerfulness with which they had obeyed all
commands ; and, in parting with them, he gave them his
hearty good wishes. But information had reached head
quarters, that Gen. Longstreet, with 40,000 men, was de
tached from his recent field of operations, and was rap
idly approaching Suffolk, as though to make a formidable
attack. In a brief space of time, the regiment resumed
its statu quo, minus the " improvements " given away,
and all were on the qui vive for what should next occur.
Other regiments that were to go with us received orders
to move, and some were already in the cars, to start for
their destination. A rebel mail was captured on the
10th, which divulged the rebel plans, and changed the
movements of the loyal forces.
TICKETS OF LEAVE.
On the llth, Gen. Peck ordered all women and children
to leave Suffolk. Some of the fair Yankees present were
strongly disposed to disregard this edict ; but their friends
among the officers were unwilling to incur the risks that
might follow ; and accordingly by railway train, and in
transports down the Nansemond River, the precious
loads were sent away. Before they left, however, the
advance of the enemy was briskly engaged in skirmish
ing with our videttes, and the cannonading from the
wharves on the river began as some of them were leav-
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 21")
ing. Their desire to remain, and their coolness and
pluck under the unusual circumstances in which they
were placed, gave an excellent example to some of the
HOW THE APPROACH WAS LOOKED AT.
One lady from Lowell was taking care of her husband
in the hospital ; and she refused point blank to go away
until her husband was better. Dr. Burnham told her that
the enemy would be shelling the camp in a short time.
" Let them shell ! " was her quiet answer.
In contrast with her spirit was the conduct of an agent
of a certain philanthropic commission, who called on me
a day or two before the alarm, and who professed a very
earnest desire to go where he could look after the spirit
ual interests of the soldiers. The sick were transported
to Norfolk ; and, while the train was being made ready to
convey them away, I went to see about the preparations,
for our own sick. There was a long train of cars, on
which, as yet, but a solitary person could be seen, and
he the one so anxious to be of service, availing himself
of the first opportunity to have that "enchantment"
which u distance lends to view."
Both in and out of the regiment, there were notable
instances of sudden indisposition, at the prospect of an
attack ; soldiers and officers were taken lame, or remem
bered slight wounds that other people, and even them
selves, had pretty much forgotten ; and weakness of the
216 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
spine was manifested on the part of those who had pre
viously kept a fair perpendicular. They were but
exceptions, though ; for the regiment generally desired
nothing so much as a rebel attack, so confident did they
feel in their ability to hold their position, and each man
went into his designated place with the utmost alacrity ;
and on Saturday afternoon our pickets on the " South
Quay " and " Petersburg " roads were driven in.
The writer of this, with his wife, was on horseback
about three miles from camp, when the long roll began
to sound from the further side of the town, and orderlies
began to fly to and fro, and officers on horseback were
seen dashing furiously to their positions, and all the " hot
haste " appropriate to an attack appeared. Inquiry
was answered by the tidings that the enemy was coming
on the Somerton Road, double-quick, and were already
within a mile or two of camp. The reader can perhaps
imagine the John-Gilpin speed with which we ran our
horses to camp, across ditches and fields, when he con
siders that three little children were left alone in quarters,
and that imagination already heard the shrieking shells
dancing and exploding among them. They were soon
found, and placed in a temporary shelter, and on the
morrow conveyed to Fortress Monroe, and thence home.
It had never seemed to the writer of these pages, that
the rebels designed a formidable attack, or a siege. At
that time they had never assaulted fortifications, and it
seemed unreasonable that they would jump out of the
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 217
frying pan of scarcity into the fire of our fortifications.
Accordingly, in his correspondence with the New York
" Tribune," he wrote :
" There are several considerations that look like some
thing besides a serious attack on us here :
" 1. We have been very lenient to the people all
about here, and a few days sojourn among them of the
rebel forces from Petersburg would give large accessions
to the enemy s commissariat.
" 2. We had a large detachment of troops that were
about leaving Suffolk when a rebel mail was somewhat
ostentatiously captured ; and the approach of the rebels
prevented their ^departure, and may have been designed
to that end.
" 3. The enemy knows our strength perfectly, and
if, as the rebel mail and captured prisoners assert, they
do not number more than 25,000, they do not intend to
assault our works, but are on a ruse to conceal other move
ments, perhaps the capture of Foster.
" Still, the enemy may be stronger than I suppose, and
may be carrying out the threat frequently made by secesh
residents, to attempt to flog us. If so, be sure he will have
a good time of it ; for a strong fort will meet him at every
angle in the breastworks that circumvallate us, while a
string of gun boatsdefends the river, with guns that can
not only toss huge projectiles far into their lines before
their field-batteries can damage us, but, should they get
within our lines, would make them hasten out as fast at
least as they entered.
218 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
" Be that as it may, on Saturday our scouts and outer
pickets were driven in, and the signal-station in sight of
our works, and about a mile from us on an air-line, was
taken by the enemy ; and yesterday they were in plain
sight of our camp. Our cavalry has charged on them,
and taken a few prisoners in return for our pickets cap
tured by them, and we have now and then dropped a shell
among them ; but our sharpshooters have done a driving
business with their telescopic rifles, manifesting great
daring and enterprise, and have picked off quite a number
of adventurous rebels from incredible distances. Further
than this, nothing as yet has been done, and we are all
waiting with everything ready for the enemy. If it is a
ruse, when he leaves he will find somebody on his track ;
if he intends to assault us, he will find a large-sized flea
in each ear.
" He threatens us on an arc of a circle three miles
long, about one-third of our front, where, should
he approach, he will be subjected to an enfilading fire
from forts and field-batteries, and infantry behind breast
works, such as would be terrific and unendurable by any
troops, and more especially by such as have always kept
behind defensive works themselves. The day on which
they make the attempt will be a dark and bloody one in
WHAT WHISKEY DID.
A melancholy episode occurred one night in the very
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 219
beginning of the siege. Hawkins Zouaves, whose time
had nearly expired, arrived in Suffolk to reinforce the
garrison ; and Lieut.-col. Kimball, a very brave officer,
attempted to stop the progress of Gen. Corcoran, who
with his staff was riding to inspect the disposition of the
forces, when the latter drew his revolver and shot him.
The general opinion in the camp was, that that worst en
emy of the country, whiskey, was at the bottom of the
sad affair, as indeed it was of most of the insubordina
tion, crime, violence, blunder, and disaster that occurred
within my knowledge during the term of our service.
I have seen every grade of officer and soldier, from
brigadier-general down, drunk, and often under circum
stances requiring the possession of all the powers, such
as the ambulance officer at the head of his train of
wounded ; and the ambulance driver, in the night, on
rough and strange roads, with wounded men in his charge ;
the surgeon in the hospital and on the field ; the officer
in command ; and the soldier on the march, in the enemy s
country ; even the vidette stationed at the very front, and
I am sure that no one cause has done so much damage,
and so retarded our progress, as the use of whiskey. If
it could be entirely discontinued, it would at any time have
given our army a reinforcement of more than 100,000
THE SIEGE COMMENCED.
On the night of each day after the rebel advance, the
open fields lying around our works were blazing with
220 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
burning houses, set on fire accidentally by our shells, or
purposely, because they interfered with the range of our
guns, or would be a cover to sharpshooters.
At the time, I wrote in the Boston "Journal": "Errly
Sunday morning the rebels could be distinctly seen at a
distance of about a mile from our works, and squads of
them came in sight all day (rather ostentatiously, if a
regular attack on us is intended), and several of them
were picked off by our sharpshooters. Our cavalry made
several charges, during the day, on the rebel skirmishers,
and brought in prisoners ; and once or twice we dropped
a peppercorn, in the shape of a shell, among them. But
so far, it has failed to elicit any response from them. Of
course they have succeeded, by crawling around our out
posts, in capturing a few of our pickets. But further
than this, as yet, nothing important has transpired.
" Scarcely ever was an army more ready or desirous
for an enemy to come on ; and I still think, as the rebels
know the strength of our position, that the whole thing
must be a ruse to cover other movements ; for it seems
too good to be true, that their forces (which are not sup
posed to be more than twenty-five thousand) can be so
foolhardy as to depart from their usual policy of defence,
and assault an army nearly as large, behind such works
as ours. Still, I may be mistaken. We shall see. If
they do, look out for good news."
During the siege, Dr. Humphrey was temporarily
detached from the regiment, to attend to the sick and
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 221
wounded of Follet s, Howard s, and Davis s batteries, and
Dr. Burnham was chief operating surgeon of the divi
A BARBAROUS ACT.
Early in the siege, one of those occurrences took
place, which have disgraced the Confederates so fre
quently. A family, whose house was burned, just out
side our works, attempted to seek safety by fleeing
to our lines. A rebel squad commanded them to halt ;
they disobeyed, when a volley was fired, killing the
woman. The family were entirely rebel, but were not
spared on that account. It was one of the saddest
sights I ever beheld, to see a little boy coming on before,
waving a flag of truce, while the afflicted husband fol
lowed, driving a team on which lay the dead body of his
wife, murdered by these fiends.
PROGRESS OF THE SIEGE.
From this time onward, the enemy lay around our
works, we on a segment of an irregular circle, nine
miles long, flanked, at each end of the arc, by a
swamp ; and the rebels about four miles distant, on a
parallel, but, as subsequent examination showed, much
weaker line of works. I shall chiefly describe the prog
ress of the siege by extracts from my correspondence,
with such omissions and additions as the sequel makes
From the " Tribune," April 14, 1863 :
222 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
" Nothing of startling interest occurred yesterday.
Early in the morning, rebel skirmishers and sharpshoot
ers made their appearance in the edges of the woods,
and our own went half a mile or so, outside our fortifica
tions, to exchange shots with them. A great many
lively rencounters took place ; and some of our men, par
ticularly among the Thirteenth Indiana, were wounded.
I have yet to learn of the first death on our side, though
from our parapets I have seen a great many of the
enemy fall. Toward night, the fusillade between the
two lines of skirmishers was rapid, and, after dark,
the flashes of the guns illuminated the night like
the gleaming of fire-flies. Once during the day a
battery made its appearance, but the emphatic protest
of three forts, enfilading it, soon caused its withdrawal.
A couple of shells were thrown over the woods, toward
our skirmishers, with no effect ; but, aside from this, the
enemy s fire was exclusively of musketry. Our own
fort guns and batteries kept pounding away, at intervals,
all day and night ; and the shots they sent to places
where the rebels appeared must have annoyed, if they
did not punish, them exceedingly.
u Prisoners and deserters came in at the rate of ten
or fifteen an hour, during the latter part of the day.
They report that the enemy intend to make another
Harper s Ferry of Suffolk, having ample forces, they
seem to think, for the purpose, of infantry, cavalry, and
artillery, among which are two heavy siege guns. They
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 223
transport their supplies to Franklin by rail, and the re
maining twenty-two miles they are hauled over these
execrable roads. If an attempt to take the place is
seriously intended, the time during the three days past
has been employed in planting batteries behind the
woods. There is every indication that the enemy will
approach us, if he comes, by the Somerton road, where
the rifle-pits are held by the Sixth Massachusetts, One
Hundred and Sixty Sixth New York, Hawkins Zouaves,
One Hundred and Twelfth New York, Thirteenth In
diana, Davis s (Seventh Massachusetts) Battery, and
swept by a withering fire from three forts. He ll have
a good time of it, coming over that road.
" Our men are in admirable trim, and are anxious to
have the struggle come, such confidence have they in
themselves and the strength of their position."
From the " Journal " :
" Deserters and prisoners came in quite numerously
during the day. Our artillery practice is splendid, and
when it comes to be directed to the living column, its
effect must be tremendous. The Somerton road, on
which the Sixth is posted, is guarded by several regi
ments, and is swept by cross-fires from more than sixty
cannon. An experienced artillerist and a general de
clares that one hundred thousand men could not emerge
from the woods, and form a line of battle, and enter our
fortifications. They would be entirely cut up before such
a purpose could be effected.
224 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
" Aside from the loss of life, it was one of the prettiest
of sights, to stand, last evening, just after dark, about a
half mile beyond our works, and see the flashes of our
own and the enemy s guns, like thousands of fire-flies,
and the great blazes from the deep-mouthed cannon, and
the huge lights from burning buildings, and to hear the
roar and rattle, and participate in the excitement of the
day. The whistle of rebel missiles, uncomfortably near,
however, soon modified the pleasure of the time, and I
re-entered the breastworks. The firing ceased soon after
dark, and was only broken at intervals through, the night
by the deep booming of our gun-boat cannon, baying
deep-mouthed welcome to the foe, and, no doubt, dis
turbing him in his concealment in the woods.
" This morning, we are dropping shells from batteries
and gun-boats, in all directions, and our sharpshooters
are briskly coquetting with the enemy s. The fire is
particularly lively for two or three miles down the Nan-
semond, from our gun-boats, that are shot at, once in a
while, by the rebel riflemen. Report says that a big
siege-gun is being planted by the rebels at our old signal
station, which is in plain sight. At the rate at which
the shot and shell are being deposited in that vicinity,
they are finding it rather uncomfortable working.
" The boys of the Sixth, who are on the extreme right,
enjoyed their skirmishing last night immensely : twice as
many volunteered to go out as were wanted ; and after
firing off their sixty rounds, some of them came in for
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 225
more, and went out on the double-quick. So far, not
one has been scratched.
" On the 15th, the fourth day ef our siege, besides
the skirmishing of sharpshooters, and some little billing
and cooing between our gunboats and rebel batteries,
seven or eight miles down the Nansemond River, nothing
was done. Very few casualties are reported, and none
of them among any of the New England regiments. We
are all lying in the trenches and forts this rainy day,
the fifth of our fronting the enemy. The eloquent voices
of our cannon are talking in a semi-circle of five miles
from the Edenton road, where Fort Dix is shelling the
distant woods, around to the Nansemond River, where
the gun-boats are scolding the rebel batteries away from
any attempt to control the river navigation."
During the 16th, the usual amount of shelling of woods
on our part, and of mutual skirmishing was had, causing
a few some eight or ten on our side to be wounded,
more or less severely. Every advance in every direc
tion, on the part of the enemy, was handsomely repulsed,
with comparatively very little effort from us, giving him
to perceive clearly enough that there was no link loose
in the armor which Gen. Peck had built around us.
And every hour the works were made stronger and
stronger. Those who deny the industry of the colored
men ought to have seen them volunteer to do their part in
erecting the defences, and the zeal with which they took
hold. I have no doubt that they have built works in
226 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
five days equivalent to a re-inforcement of 5,000
From the signal-station in the heart of the city, every
appearance and approach of the enemy was distinctly
seen and notified, so that a few minutes sufficed to
transfer forces from one point of the defences to another ;
and the man at the station telegraphed to gunners, who
could not see the effects of their own shots, exactly how
to vary, in order to do more execution. In most respects,
we could not have asked to be better situated for a suc
Frequent skirmishes and slight engagements occurred
all along the lines, in which the losses on our side were
few. The enemy, during the night, would dig rat-holes,
each large enough for one man, from which he would
shoot at us during the day. At times, for hours, there
would be a continual drip, drip, from these sharp-shoot
ers ; and yet it was seldom that they hit one of our men.
We frequently shelled them, and sometimes detach
ments were sent out to charge them. On some of these
occasions the contest would be in full sight of thousands,
who gazed on the conflict with feelings that cannot be
described. Up to April 18th, not a man from New Eng
land had been scratched, out of twelve or fifteen regiments
in the division.
The nineteenth of April, ever memorable in the history
of the country, and doubly dear to the members of the
Sixth Regiment, was intended to be held as a holiday ;
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 227
but its character was somewhat changed by circumstances.
Our shelter-tents were pitched against the logs of our
breastworks, and each man had his accoutrements on ;
while the cannonade, and the hum of rifle-bullets from a
foe separated from us but by a narrow stream, gave to
the day an emphasis that no civic display, no holiday
show, could impart. It was the holy Sabbath ; and yet,
with all the preparations of war around us, we watched the
foe and were ready for his approach.
Deserters began to report that Longstreet had no in
tention of besieging Suffolk, but that he designed to hold
us in by a strong front, while he was raking the country
of all food, negroes, and animals. During those times,
we appreciated the efforts of Gen. Peck, in obliging us to
dig so much for months before. Spades became trumps
with us, and we agreed that, in its place, " the spade is
mightier than the sword."
With the exception of slight skirmishes, one day fol
lowed another without much variation. We kept close
watch from our rifle-pits and parapets, and, on seeing a
little puff of smoke, took the hint, and stepped aside before
the messenger of death had quite time to reach us ; and
many a souvenir of Suffolk was brought away, in the
shape of a bullet well intended, but that failed to perform
the errand on which it was sent. Some of them, how
ever, came surprisingly near, and a few left emphatic
marks on the persons of soldiers. The wonder was
ever newthat so many could be fired and so few hit,
not one to ten thousand shots.
228 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
April 23d, we were all laughing over a jolly and per
fectly sailor-like adventure that occurred.
A detachment of tars, to the number of seventy-five,
landed on the left bank of the Nansemond, with a little
howitzer, and a mule-cart load of ammunition, and pro
ceeded toward the village of Chuckatuct, a short distance
from the river. As they approached the place, they found
it in possession of a squad of rebel cavalry, that seemed to
be the rear-guard of a retreating force. Firing immedi
ately commenced, whereat the mule attached to the am
munition cart became greatly " demoralized," as the rebels
call being afraid, and he broke, and ran for the enemy.
Seeing that they were in great danger of losing all their
ammunition, our nautical allies, regardless of rebel shots,
went on the double-quick after the supplies, meanwhile
peppering away at the enemy. This movement was a
new one to the rebels, and in a short time nothing could
be seen but the tails of their horses. The tars caught
their refractory animal, and found a rebel captain and
three soldiers killed, and captured three horses, and last
but not least, the "town" of Chuckatuck. The end
of the adventure corresponded with the beginning. One
of the sailors attempted to ride one of the captured horses
home, and the animal, not used to marine methods of
steering, ran away with his rider, who shouted "Avast ! "
" Belay ! " and all the terms he could think of, in vain.
Not liking his position, he drew his revolver, and plunked
a ball through the head of his horse, and literally brought
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 229
On the 24th, a reconnoissance proceeded by the Eden-
ton and Somerton roads. The Edenton force was quite
large, under Col. Foster, of the Thirteenth Indiana ; and
the Somerton expedition was commanded by Col. Buhler,
of the One Hundred Sixty Fifth Pennsylvania, leaving
Col. Follansbee, of the Massachusetts Sixth, in command
of the entire front toward these roads. Lieut-Col. Beals,
of the Sixth, led the right, and our force pushed on to a
position just in front of the rebel rifle-pits, when our bat
tery shelled the enemy with great severity, and the skir
mishers worked their way up as near as was contem
plated ^n the movement, the object on the Somerton
road being to engage the enemy s attention, while the real
engagement in force was on the other road. The boys
went in gallantly, the Sixth the only New England
regiment on this road consisting of companies C, G,
H,and I, with small details from all the other companies
except D, behaving as coolly as could be asked. The
only reply was from the enemy s rifle-pits.
Out of about forty killed and wounded, the Sixth had
one man slightly wounded, C. C. Foot, company G. The
same day, Horace W. Waldron, of company D, was
wounded in the leg by a ball from a sharpshooter. His
company was stationed at the Petersburg Railroad Bridge
two weeks, skirmishing with sharpshooters; and his was
the first injury received, though John Hood, of company
D, was knocked over by a ball that passed through a seven-
inch cypress log, and struck him on the breast. The es
capes that might be chronicled seem almost miraculous.
230 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
On Sunday, the 26th, quite interesting interviews took
place, under a flag of truce, in front of our camp, be
tween Col. Follansbee, Major Stott, who was officer of the
day, and other officers, and a party of rebel officers. At
the first meeting, in the morning, quite a shabby repre
sentation of the enemy appeared. The colonel wore a
pair of blue pantaloons, with a sergeant s stripes, and
other integuments equally unsuitable to his rank, includ
ing a shocking bad hat ; and his confreres were in keep
ing with him in their habiliments, for the only uniform
the rebels seem to have hereabouts is a lack of uniformity.
At an adjournment, in the afternoon, however, a different
set attended, more fortunate in their apparel, and dressed
in cadet gray, showing that some of the enemy, at least,
can wear good clothes. Cigars and refreshments circu
lated (at the expense of our officers, of course), and all
drank to peace, without specifying the conditions. At
the second meeting a general order from Gen. Longstreet
was produced, prohibiting all flags of truce, unless or
dered by the commander-in-chief of one of the armies.
John Humphrey, on the 27th April, John M. Davis, ,
on the 28th, and Geo. B. Whitney, on the 28th, all of
company D, were slightly wounded.
At 4 o clock, May 1, said my correspondence with the
" Tribune," " The New York Ninety-Ninth, Col.Wardrop,
led by Lieut.- Col. Nixon, Col. Wardrop being brigade
commander, was ordered to cross the South Quay Bridge
and ascertain the strength of the enemy in the rifle-pits
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 2. )1
fronting Gen. Terry. The enemy had been permitted
to honeycomb the land across the river with his rifle-pits,
so that he not only was able to annoy the gunners on the
forts, but to wound men in the roads, and even in the
camps on the South Quay. After having been very active
and annoying for several days past, they had become very
quiet, and the Ninety-Ninth was sent out to reconnoitre.
Laying plank across the gap in the bridge, about two
hundred and fifty went over. The enemy understood the
movement, and succeeded in decoying the brave fellows
along, by firing only an occasional shot, until they were
very near the rifle-pits, when the hottest volleys were sent
out from behind their breastworks, and large reinforce
ments emerged from the woods and deployed from the rear
of the pits. Then the cannon from Fort Nansemond, the
South Quay batteries, and from light batteries which had
been playing on the rifle-pits with accurate aim and
thorough execution, were pointed at the advancing col
umn of gray. The whole scene was in full view of thou
sands ; and our boys, who were compelled to be inactive
spectators, could not repress cheers of joy as they saw
the solid shot and shell plough through the ranks of the
enemy. We have no means of knowing the loss of the
rebels, but it must have been very large compared with
" Meanwhile, our infantry being entirely inadequate to
the work of advancing on such a force, fell back and re-
crossed the bridge, leaving, however, twenty or thirty
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
of their number killed and wounded on the field, within a
short distance of the enemy s sharpshooters. The en
gagement lasted about two hours.
"At about sundown, some two hundred commenced the
hazardous work of bringing off the dead and wounded.
As each one, bent on his humane errand, and without
arms, crept along behind what shelter the formation of
the land permitted, the murderous villains in the rifle-
pits would exercise their skill in shooting at them, until
it became so dark that they could not see to draw a bead.
But the brave fellows persevered, notwithstanding, and
brought off every one of the killed and wounded.
" Among those who volunteered to this humane work
was Quartermaster-sergeant 0. F. Swift, of the Sixth
Massachusetts (of Falmouth). The whole scene was in
full view of our regiment. The number of casualties
was forty-one killed and wounded, all of the Ninety-
Ninth New York. The Ninety-Ninth was partly raised in
Massachusetts. The list of killed and wounded forty-
one out of two hundred and fifty tells an honorable
story of gallantry in behalf of the Ninety-Ninth."
THE SIEGE RAISED.
Circumstances had for several days indicated that
the force beleaguering Suffolk, after twenty-two days in
front of it, were about departing; and on Sunday, May
3d, Gen. Getty and a strong force crossed the river to
test their position, and ascertain their intentions. En-
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 233
gagements took place at several points ; but the enemy
were evidently on the move, as was afterwards ascer
tained, to the assistance of Lee.
The Sixth was kept behind the fortifications, in reserve,
though the writer of these pages was out to the front, and
was a sad spectator of the fall of Rev. Dr. F. E. Butler,
chaplain of the Twenty Fifth New Jersey, an estimable
gentleman and faithful officer. He accompanied him to his
quarters, and assisted at his funeral service. It was soon
ascertained through deserters, prisoners, residents along
the roads, and the ever faithful contrabands, that the
rebels were hastening across the Blackwater. The gen
eral movement commenced at sundown, Sunday.
THE ENEMY PURSUED.
The Sixth joined in the pursuit, on the morning of the
4th, on the Somerton road. The following letter was
written at the time for the Boston " Journal : "
" The c siege of Suffolk has been raised. The be
leaguering foe has folded his tents like the Arabs, and
silently stolen away, only he hadn t a chance to steal
any tent, and so liad none. And to-day we are return
ing from shelter-tents to barracks, and from rifle-pits to
our old shanties, without any running accompaniment of
whizzing bullets whenever we show our heads. The inky
Blackwater, twenty-two miles away, rolls between us and
the discomfited rebels. We are all as willing to 4 speed the
parting as we were ready to welcome the coming guest.
234 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
They began their retreat simultaneously with the cross
ing of Gen. Getty s troops on the night of Saturday, and
during the fighting of Sunday they were already depart
ing. What Gen. Peck set in motion to feel their position,
they regarded as a movement in force to flank them ; and
though they professed a desire to meet us outside of our
works, yet at the first serious attack they hastened to de
part. On Monday morning, at daylight, not a regiment
was left within five hours march of our troops, and be
fore noon of Monday they were across their Styx, in
the Hades beyond.
" The Sixth Regiment and other forces, not knowing
but they might be on a ruse, started on their track at sun
rise. We followed the Somerton road twelve miles; but
aside from stragglers and deserters, not a rebel soldier
could be found. About a hundred were picked up on
that road, and more than as many more on other roads,
by other forces, that have explored all the approaches to
this place, even as far as Carsville. The roads are en
tirely clear of men, though the excellent earthworks on
all those approaches show that there would have been
warm work had we gone out to assault them ; for it must
be confessed, that for neatness and beauty, though I
cannot think for strength, they far surpass ours. But
their character establishes one fact : if they came here
intending to assault our works, they immediately aban
doned that purpose, for their works are too far out to
command our entrenchments, and they are constructed
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 235
solely to defend against attacks Suffolkward. This they
LONGSTREET S PURPOSE.
" I talked with a good many prisoners and deserters,
and residents along the road, black and white, who lis
tened to the conversation of officers ; and they all agree
that the expedition was for forage, of which there is
good evidence to make one believe they obtained an
" One deserter tells me that he heard a quartermaster
say they had obtained 1,500,000 pounds of pork, besides
beef, corn, etc. ; and one bright fellow a contraband
told me he saw an immense drove of cattle, in which, he
heard a man -tell an officer, there was about a thou
sand head, besides other droves he saw. Think of the
army this immense quantity would feed, and then think
that we have been protecting it all this time, in other
words, saving it up to enable the enemy to protract the
war. Every highway and cross-road has been ransacked
and raked clean of all portable food, paid for in Confed
erate scrip, or taken without pay, which amounts to
pretty much the same thing, leaving the impoverished
inhabitants with scarcely enough to keep the wolf from
the door till the lean and stingy earth hereabouts can be
made to send out a little corn, or a few long-nosed shoats
can grow into something resembling * meat. The Lord
pity the women and children among them ! The food
23 G THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
they obtained was immediately transported towards
Franklin, and thence by rail to feed Southern soldiers.
" Surely the Sixth Regiment and the Seventh Battery
have reasons for thankfulness as they remember how they
have escaped. For twenty-two days, company D has been
stationed at a post where, it is within bounds to say, ten
thousand balls were fired at them by sharpshooters, and
yet but one was seriously hurt, and he is doing finely,
while the others have been more or less exposed all the
time, and in one sharp skirmish, and all preserved. So
the Seventh, on Sunday, occupied a post of great expos
ure, and did excellent service ; and, though shells hit
cannon and wounded horses, not a man was harmed.
" We are all quiet to-day, and it seems like Sunday
to us all. Whether we shall remain as we are, or be
sent in advance, or go around and help gallant Joe
Hooker, we know not. Undoubtedly, great changes in
the disposition of the forces will immediately take place.
Of them it is not proper that I should tell what I know,
which I may say, en passant, is very little.
" The enemy s loss, in killed, wounded, and prisoners,
was estimated at from eight hundred to one thousand.
Our loss during the twenty-three days was forty-four
killed, two hundred and twelve wounded, and very few
prisoners. Gen. Peck issued the following congratula
tory order :
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 237
HEAD-QUAUTERS, U. S. FORCES,
SUFFOLK, VA., May 5, 1863.
General Order No. 31. The Commanding General recognizes
in the issue of the ineffectual investment of Suffolk for twenty-
three days by the enemy, and in the final withdrawal of his baffled
and dispirited forces, marked evidences of the Almighty s,
favor. With the acknowledged flower of his army, after long
premeditation, with superior numbers, and under his ablest gen
erals, he has failed. In view of this gratifying test of the forti
tude and gallantry of the officers and soldiers of this command,
the General Commanding tenders them renewed expressions of
confidence and thanks.
By command of Maj.-Gen. PECK.
BENJ. B. FOSTER, Maj., A. A. General.
There were apprehensions that the enemy might re
turn, and heavy details were hard at work on the
defences, and large numbers were constantly kept on
picket. The weather, meanwhile, grew very warm, and
for a week we enjoyed the accompaniments of a south
THE LAST BLACKWATER MARCH.
Wednesday, May 13th, the regiment again heard the
bugle call, and the drums beat, and the familiar order,
" Fall in with three days rations." We started just
after noon, and marched somewhat deliberately to the
old " Deserted House," where we bivouacked two hours.
The expedition was commanded by Col. Foster ; and
Foster s brigade was commanded by Col. Follansbee.
The object of the expedition was to protect a party of
238 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
workmen engaged in taking up the rails of the Seaboard
and Roanoke Railway, so that the rebels could not use
the roads, nor convey the rails away to repair their other
roads, or manufacture batteries with them. The weather
was oppressively hot, and the march a very hard one,
continuing through the night ; and the column reached
Carsville at daylight. Col. Follansbee commanded the
advance, while the main body rested at Carsville. The ad
vance halted about three miles from the Blackwater, where
the workmen were employed in tearing up the rails, and
sending them back on the track by horse-power. While
busily engaged in their work, they were suddenly scattered
by the explosion of shells from a rebel battery that had dis
covered their movements. This discovery was caused by
the conduct of the brave, but impetuous, Col. Spear, who
determined to capture the rebel pickets known to be in
front of an earthwork of theirs, at the junction of the
railroad and the pike. The writer of these pages, anxious
to see a cavalry charge, obtained the gallant colonel s
leave to join his squadrons. Away we went. I could
think of nothing but a whirlwind, a cloud of dust con
cealing us from each other ; and the horses, all used to the
thing, seemed to enjoy it quite as much as the riders. We
drove the rebel videttes into their fortifications, and then
as swiftly countermarched. It seemed as if we flew ; and
my own enthusiasm at one time was lost in the thought
that my mare educated in the cavalry would carry
me out ahead of all, as she passed one after another.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 239
But my feelings changed considerably, as the rebels in
large force followed us back, and I saw I should not bring
up the rear. Of all the excitements I ever experienced,
commend me to a cavalry charge. We returned, having
narrowly escaped, capturing several prisoners by the aid
of two companies of the Indiana Thirteenth, deployed
down an intersecting road.
Gallant as was this charge, it proved a damage to our
enterprise, for the detachments that followed us discov
ered our working party ; and when about five hundred
yards of the track had been removed, the workmen, par
ticularly the darkies, came skedaddling at a two-forty pace
down the railroad, followed by the solid shot and shell
of a couple cannon that were hurried after them to a
place commanding them perfectly. The regiments pro
tecting them wer,e very much exposed, and withdrew
immediately. A Pennsylvania regiment set a very bad
example. I happened to be going up the track to dis
cover what progress the working party was making, when
I saw the hospital attendants and surgeon, the latter in
his shirt-sleeves, running away from the place where duty
called them, accompanied by many of the soldiers. In
justice to the regiment, however, let it be said that the
officers did not flinch, and succeeded in rallying the bal
ance. Col. Foster was under positive instructions from
Gen. Peck not to bring on an engagement, unless in de
fence of his enterprise ; and Col. Follansbee, who had
command of the infantry, wisely withdrew to our main
240 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
position, it being the opinion of both officers that the
lives of men are of more value than railroad iron. In
this attack, there were three killed and ten wounded.
During the engagement, our regiment, with others,
was ordered to the front, where position was taken out
of the range of the enemy s artillery, and the workmen
continued their labors. We were kept in line of battle,
just out of Carrsville, during the night of the 14th. It
rained hard during the night, and the boys were thor
oughly saturated. Attacks were made on the pickets.
On the loth, the enemy troubled our pickets ; and
companies A and F were ordered forward from the main
body, as skirmishers. The enemy was found to be ad
vancing in large force ; and the rest of die regiment, with
cavalry, and Lieut. Farrar s section of the Seventh Mas
sachusetts Battery, were sent up to support them. The
artillery was posted in the road, just in front of" Holland s
House," near " Hebron Church;" and the Sixth was in
support of the battery, the right and left wings on each
side of the road, respectively. Companies D and B were
then sent forward to reinforce our skirmishers ; the enemy
and our skirmishers being concealed in the woods, while
our three lines of battle stretched across an open field, our
regiment, a part of the New York One Hundred and
Twelfth, and Farrar s (section of the Seventh) Battery
constituting the first line. The enemy advanced in force,
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 241
and our skirmishers fell back to the line of battle. The
enemy then appeared in the edge of the woods, and
opened on us vigorously with musketry. Our artillery
and first line of battle replied, and for nearly an hour
the firing resembled the continuous roll of drums. The
engagement closed, and strange to say, though the air
was thick with flying bullets, and though the trees near
the house, the gun-carriages, and caissons, and fence-
rails were perforated with balls, not a man was scratched.
A tree near which the colonel stood was tattooed as
though a woodpecker were rapping it, during the action.
At the end of an hour, or thereabouts, companies H
and G, with some of the Tenth New Jersey, were thrown
forward into the woods as skirmishers ; and they drove the
rebel skirmishers back to their lines, when they were re
called, and C and I were sent out. They were imme
diately charged by the rebels in superior force, when
they fell back. One horse was killed and nine wounded
in the Seventh Battery by sharpshooters. A part re
mained in the woods, and laid between and under the
two fires, which, as before, broke out with great fury, and
was general along both lines, the enemy employing only
infantry to our infantry and artillery. The firing, as be
fore, subsided by the falling back of our forces a short
distance, to draw the enemy on, and then we advanced
again, to resume our former position.
While we were returning, the fire became fast and
furious on the part of the rebels, and the hottest part
242 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
of the engagement then came on. The battery got
out of ammunition, so that the fight was one of infantry
alone. To protect our guns, as well as to secure a better
position, we fell back to the opposite edge of the field in
which we were, and picketed that position for the night.
In the last engagement, the Sixth was not on the front,
it having given place to others that had not borne the
great heat and exposure of the day.
All of the losses experienced by our regiment were
during the second round :
KILLED Ira Bowles ; Geo. H. Grey.
WOUNDED Company C, J. E. Wilson, slight ; G. I. Fox,
leg, mortal ; Anson G. Thurston, leg, mortal ; John Keith, lungs,
serious ; Lewis A. Pierce, leg ; David H. Goodhue, mortal. Com
pany B, C. A. Luce, arm, severe ; G. F. Lillis, arm, slight ; G. A.
Farnsworth, slight. Company H, Hiram E. Hartford ; Chas. F.
Clark, wrist, severe ; Augustus P. Frazer, head, slight. Company
K, Thos. Lines, slight ; Albert L. Burgess, slight. Company F,
Thomas Drinan, slight.
MISSING Joseph Stevens, of Company I, a drummer, taken
prisoner, unhurt. Fox and Thurston were wounded, and taken
prisoners ; and J. M. Thurston, father of A. G., and W. H. Drinker,
of Company D, went in search of Thurston and Fox ; and J. Sweat,
D. H. Godhue, Norman I. Austin, and B. F. Evans went in with
a stretcher, and all but Evans were captured. As these brave
fellows approached on their humane errand, the rebels began to
fire. An officer among them shouted to his men to desist firing,
as the boys were aiding the wounded. This was done to catch
them ; for, as soon as they were within their reach, they were
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 243
Fox, Thurston, and Goodhue afterwards died of their
wounds, in rebel hospitals. They were gallant fellows.
Indeed, it was a common remark that it would be difficult
for the enemy to destroy so much moral excellence in the
same number of men, among the survivors.
Grey was placed in a gig, after having been stripped
of clothing, and in the night was run near our pickets,
where he was found in the morning, the brutes who had
killed him having thus insulted his lifeless remains.
Thurston died of the wound in his leg. His father
was with him, and was afterwards exchanged. He was
a young man of much promise, having left Harvard Uni
versity, where he had been two years, at his country s
During the night of the loth, the enemy tried a scheme
to entrap prisoners. They would call, so that our pickets
could hear them, " Col. Spear! Col. Spear! Come and
get me ; I am badly wounded ; I can go no further ; I
belong to the Sixth Massachusetts ; come and get me ! "
But they tried in vain.
Next day, affairs were mostly quiet until toward noon,
when picket firing and skirmishing commenced, which at
length were stilled by cannonading from Davis s and How
ard s batteries. The enemy almost surprised the unso
phisticated pickets we had thrown out (from the Pennsyl
vania One Hundred and Seventy- Sixth). Their uniforms
are so nearly the color of the dirt, that they can scarcely
be distinguished from it. Taking advantage of this fact,
244 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
a large number of them had wriggled their way along
till almost up to our front, when they rose, and with
a yell charged. For a moment our pickets fell back ;
but Howard s and Davis s guns opened on the enemy,
and they rapidly retreated to their position. In the
skirmish, we had one man mortally and five otherwise
wounded. The enemy s loss must have been consider
able. Next night all was quiet. The enemy s force was
about 8,000, mainly infantry.
It was a sight of thrilling beauty and interest to see
the boys of the Sixth (while those who were with them
from other regiments, unused to the skirmish drill, fal
tered) go forward in perfect line, rise and fall like one
man, and conduct throughout as coolly as though in a
sham-fight. Making off myself with a wounded man on
my horse, who was hit at my side at one time, and at an
other lying so close to the ground that an emmet could
scarcely crawl under me, I could not help seeing how
admirably our boys were distinguishing themselves during
the last days of their service.
It is curious to think how men s thoughts will assume
a ludicrous phase, even under circumstances of great
personal danger. After the first round of fighting was
over, I had just been into the house (" Hollands"), and,
supposing the engagement was ended for the present,
and that our men would lie on their arms for a while, I
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 245
was moving a few rods to the rear, where our hospital was
located, to endeavor to sleep a little in the church, as
doubtless u many a friend and brother had done before
me," when the second volley suddenly burst upon us. I
fell prostrate on my face, some three rods behind our line
of battle, and finding that the bullets sang their death-
song rather nearer than was pleasant, I began to devise
some way of bettering my prospects, for I lay on my face.
It seemed to me that I had chosen an unfortunate posi
tion ; for the most prominent part of my body, in that
position, was one on which I could not describe the wounds
in a mixed company. I turned on my back, and then I
remembered that a wound in the bowels is more likely
to prove fatal than elsewhere, and, besides, my head was
toward the enemy, and thus there were two vital presen
tations ; so I placed my body parallel with the rebel line
of battle, when 1 suddenly was reminded that I was as
much .worse off than before, as five feet nine exceed two
feet. Place myself as I would, I wished I was otherwise
and otherwheres, and with a laugh I could not control, I
rose, the bullets ploughing the dirt and sounding their
zmmm all around me. I made for the road, and lay
under the slight protection of the bank, till the firing
Another incident : While the fight was going on
briskly, our men lying down and the officers standing,
the men instinctively hugged the ground, when one
officer, who never failed to do his duty, standing where
246 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
his command could not see him, but where " a chiel
among them taking notes " could, was heard to say,
" Boys [ducking his head], don t dodge! [Another
duck.] It s of no use to dodge when you hear the
sound of a bullet. [Duck again.] The ball passes long
before you hear the sound. [Duck.] I am more ex
posed here than you are [duck], and you need not
dodge more than /do ! " [Duck again.]
A VERACIOUS CORRESPONDENT.
I ascertained, at this time, the manner in which some
very glowing newspaper reports of battles have been
written. The reporter of a New York sensation sheet
came to me, as I was standing with my regiment, and
remarked that he had found an admirable spot from
which to view the approaching fight, pointing to an open
place in the field, hard by. He had scarcely spoken
when the tattoo of .the enemy s musketry began ; and, as
some of the balls hummed uncomfortably near, he tum
bled off his horse, and crouching to the ground, and
dragging the bit almost out of his horse s mouth, in his
haste to get to the rear, he disappeared from view, amid
the derision of all who observed his cowardly conduct.
Next day I met him in Carsville, some three miles to the
rear. He came forward with much more coolness, I
thought, than he exhibited the day before, saying, " I
found a better spot from which to see that fight. I
made up my mind that I could see it with less prejudice
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 247
from Carsville ! " When the paper came, containing his
account of the affair, it began in these words, with im
mense capitals and an excess of exclamation points :
" Great fight at Carsville ! ! ! Our correspondent in the
fight, and wounded ! ! ! " And then followed a long ac
count, describing what was accomplished by Corcoran s
Brigade, which was not under fire at all, and omitting
all mention of the Massachusetts Sixth, and New York
One Hundred and Twelfth, the only regiments that fired
at the enemy. So much for surveying matters at such
Recounting such incidents as these of ourselves and
each other serves to make many an otherwise tedious
hour of camp life pass away pleasantly and cheerfully,
and the memory of them will remain with us life-long
ALMOST IN RICHMOND.
On Saturday night, the writer of these pages came
near taking one of those involuntary journeys to Rich
mond that so many of our men have accomplished. Just
before dark, I had an interview with Dr. Hand, medical
director, who had come out from Suffolk to obtain facts
concerning the casualties, and to look after the duties of
his office, and gave him the items concerning the wound-
ed, which, in the exercise of my duties as a correspond
ent, I had gathered ; and just after dark it occurred to
me that I might convey to the readers of the " Tribune "
and the "Journal " the earliest news of our fight, and
248 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
also bring out the mails that had arrived for the mem
bers of the regiment, and thus kill two birds with one
stone. Accordingly I started. At Kinsale Swamp, our
last regiment, the New York Ninety-Ninth, was posted.
Col. Wardrop informed me that Dr. Hand and two others
had just gone in toward Suffolk, and at first I resolved
to hurry after him and overtake him ; but, on reflection,
concluded to save my horse s wind, in case it were
wanted. I soon overtook an ambulance train ; but, find
ing its progress too slow, I left it, and struck out on my
own responsibility. The way was dark and lonely enough.
I heard a gun ahead of me, after leaving Kinsale Swamp,
but pushed on, keeping a leisure lope or walk in the
open, but giving my horse her rein in the dense woods.
Thus I rode about eight or nine miles, till I came to our
pickets, three or four miles out of Suffolk. No one had
gone in, and I thought that perhaps the doctor had taken
Next morning, I went to head-quarters, and found he
had not made his appearance. It turned out that he
had ridden but two or three miles when he was suddenly
ordered to halt. He declined the invitation at first, and
gave his horse the spur ; but a more pressing invitation,
in the shape of a bullet through his horse s neck, " pre
vailed on him to stop," and his horse tumbled headlong.
The next feature on the programme, as the doctor
jumped up to run, was a blow with the butt of a rifle
on the head; and he came to himself, a while after,
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 249
riding on a strange horse, through the woods, a prisoner
in the hands of a squad consisting of a sergeant and six
teen men, that had flanked us, and that lay in ambush
to pick up small parties. The refusal of the doctor to
halt compelled them to fire, as they had not intend
ed, and then they feared that the shot would bring a
party down on them ; so they left for the Black water, at
Zuni. A few minutes after, I cantered by, and found no
obstruction, thanks to the gun that was fired at Dr.
Hand. But, had the doctor intimated to me his intention
of going into Suffolk that night, or had I overtaken him,
I should have been of his party, and might have got a
worse fate than befell him ; for I don t think I would
have halted unless my horse or self had received more
than a word. He was exchanged in a few days, as I, a
noncombatant, ordinarily would have been ; but the cor
respondence for the New York " Tribune " in my pocket
might have given me a bitter dose of Southern hospitality.
That is as far as I ever went on the road to Richmond.
At about the same time, Capt. Jepson went into Suffolk,
sick, with a couple of ambulances, when, as they were
moving slowly along the road, four shots were fired at
them, one of which took off the arm of one of the two
cavalrymen riding with them. There were not more
than three armed men with our train ; but the cowards
in the woods only dared fire from a distance. I have
250 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
been in eight fights ; and it will illustrate the manner in
which, for at least two years of the war, the fighting was
done. I never knew our army to be posted in ths woods,
nor the rebels to fight in an open field. Indeed, I never
saw a rebel, when fighting was going on, unless he was
brought in as a prisoner. They always kept in the
woods, and our troops always occupied the open.
Having finished our task, our forces fell back in the
night of the 18th, toward Deserted House, when a mel
ancholy blunder and fatal mistake occurred, between
Deserted House and Carrsville. Our forces were mov
ing, by two highways and the Seaboard Railroad, in
three parallel lines, from Carrsville to Deserted House,
having started a little after midnight. They had been
about an hour on the march, when the columns on the
other two roads were startled at hearing the sound of a
volley of musketry from the northern route. In a short
time several men from the New York (Corcoran s)
Legion, hatless and without arms, which they had dis
gracefully thrown away, came running across from the
road on which the firing was heard, through the woods,
to the railroad, and reported to Col. Foster that the
rebels had fired upon them and charged them. One of
them declared that a whole regiment charged his com
pany, and that he and one or two others alone were left
to tell the tale !
Col. Foster ordered two of Col. Follansbee s regiments
arid two pieces of artillery to hurry to the scene of con-
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 251
flict, and despatched orders for one of the regiments sta
tioned at Deserted House to move to the same place,
when word came from Col. Murphy that his column had
arrived at Deserted House. Col. , of the ,
was lighting his pipe or cigar with a match, when his
horse jumped suddenly, and caused a man s musket to
go off, when it was supposed to be an attack on the regi
ment, and a most disgraceful panic ensued. Men threw
away their arms and accoutrements, and in their igno
minious haste to escape supposed danger, rendered them
selves helpless and powerless by their own folly, while
others, wildly and at random, fired into each other, and
killed three, and wounded four men. In the confusion
that followed, for a short time, we had a miniature Bull
THE MARCH TOWARD HOME.
We bivouacked, on the night of the 19th, on ground
for which we fought on the 30th of January, and Gen.
Corcoran came out and assumed command of the forces,
in consequence of the sudden illness of Col. Foster.
During the day, we lay at the Deserted House, expecting
orders to return to camp, when we were directed to sup
ply ourselves with three days rations ; and toward night
we moved for Windsor, a station on the Norfolk and
Petersburg Railroad. Here we remained, in support of
Howard s Battery, while the track of this road was being
torn up, expecting a brush at any moment, until Satur
day, May 23d, when orders came from Gen. Peck, re-
252 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
lieving us from duty ; and we left on the easiest march
we ever accomplished, the road toward home. We
reached camp at about nine at night, as happy a crowd
of boys in blue as ever was seen. We were very much
reduced in strength. Camp life had agreed so well with
us, that many of us weighed twenty-five pounds each more
than at home, when we left on this expedition ; but the
great heat, and hard marching, and watchfulness, and
hard fare, had reduced us so that we scarcely looked like
the same regiment. We were as happy to reach camp
as we ever could be to see home. We received orders
to leave Suffolk on the 26th. Before leaving, a dress
parade was formed, when the following orders were
From our brigade commander :
HEAD-QUARTERS FOSTER S BRIGADE, )
SUFFOLK, Va., May 25, 63. )
To THE OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS OF THE SIXTH MASS. VOLS.
The time has arrived when the period of service for which you
enlisted has expired, and you are to return to your homes and the
avocations of business which a few months since you so sacrificing-
ly left, to aid in quelling the rebellion, which, in its attempt to
overthrow the best government in the world, needed the strong
arms and steady hearts of its supporters to subdue.
In the separation from my command, which has been of long
standing, and of an exceedingly pleasant character, permit me to
return my sincere and appreciative thanks for the manner in which
you have discharged your duties. It is needless to refer back, and
recall those obligations performed ; there are living evidences all
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 253
over this command that bear witness to your gigantic efforts, and
the patience, energy, and willingness by which they were accom
Let me suffer the hope, that, after a return to your homes, you
will again enroll yourselves under the flag of our country, again to
lend your efforts Jo remove all stains that a wicked people are
striving to place upon its gorgeous folds, and to plant that glorious
ensign so that it will cover our whole country from gulf to gulf,
and from the one ocean to the other. You are now veterans. You
are acquainted with the realities and inured to the hardships of
war, and your country still needs your services. Let me suffer the
hope that the " Old Sixth " will soon again appear upon the stage
of action, and be instrumental in securing and riveting the bonds
of this glorious country in the slumbers of a perpetual peace.
With many well wishes to the living, and the warmest feelings
of condolence to the friends of the dead,
I am, very respectfully,
R. S. FOSTER, Col. Com g Brigade.
From our division commander :
SUFFOLK, Va., May 25, 1863
HBAD-QUARTERS UNITED STATES FORCES, )
GENERAL ORDERS, No. 34.
1. The term of service of the Sixth Regiment Massachusetts
Volunteers being about to expire, the Commanding General is
unwilling to let the occasion pass without expressing his reluctance
at parting with it, and his appreciation of the service it has ren
Among the earliest, if not the first, to take the field, it served its
original term with credit and distinction. With unremitting
patriotism, since the necessity of the country still called for brave
hearts and strong arms, it again offered itself. Its second term has
been served almost exclusively with this command. Its record is
254: THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
an honorable one. Whatever have been the demands of duty and
discipline, they have met a cheerful response ; and its steadfast and
courageous demeanor before the enemy is witnessed by the list of
its lamented and honored dead.
The Commanding General trusts that many of this veteran
regiment may again be found rallying to the flag whose honor
they have so long and so ably contributed to sustain.
2. In recognition of the services rendered by the Massachusetts
troops, the battery between Fort McClellan and Fort Nanse-
mond will be hereafter known as " Battery Massachusetts."
By Command of Major General Peck.
BENJ. B. FOSTER, Major, A. A. General.
Official : CHAS. R. STIRLING, Aide-de-Camp.
THE HOMEWARD TRIP.
We had passed as pleasant a campaign in Suffolk as
usually falls to the lot of soldiers ; and we parted from a
great many friends with regret. It had always seemed
to me that Suffolk was an unnecessarily expensive post,
and that three or four regiments at Deep Creek would be
equal to thirty at Suffolk. I wrote in the Boston " Jour_
nal," on leaving : "I notice that fortifications are being built
at a very strong position between this place and Norfolk.
Would it not be an interesting fact if Suffolk should be
evacuated ere long ? We can hold it easily ; but so ex
tensive are the defences here, necessarily, that a large
number of troops must be kept here. Suffolk evacuated,
and the most of them would be available elsewhere. The
movement would be an economical one."
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 255
A few weeks from this writing, the vast earthworks
were levelled ; and a stranger could scarcely believe it had
ever been the place we left it. So, ere long, may every
trace of this cruel war be obliterated !
In a railway train to Norfolk, and thence in the S. R.
Spaulding, a noble steamer, during three cloudless sum
mer days, along the coast, to Boston, briefly describes as
pleasant a homeward trip as ever a regiment took. We
reached Boston in fine spirits, were addressed with words
of welcome by Gov. Andrew, from the State House steps,
to which Col. Follansbee responded with his accustomed
brevity and point, when, declining the offered hospitali
ties of the city, we proceeded to the Lowell Railroad
station, through dense crowds of people. The track was
thronged, at all the way-stations ; but when we reached
Lowell, we had such a reception as was never surpassed.
Business was suspended; and the entire population, men,
women, and children, thronged the streets of the city of
Debarking, we were escorted by the city government
of Lowell, selectmen of neighboring towns, Lowell fire-
department, and other bodies, through dense crowds of
people, to the South Common, where Mayor Hosford
addressed the regiment, and where the officers and men
were able to greet their friends. Thence the regiment
was conducted to Huntington Hall, to a most bountiful
collation, and then furloughed till the next Wednesday,
256 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
The companies were promptly present ; and, after a
review, were mustered out of the United States service,
and thus finally closed their second campaign.
In sickness, wounds, and death, the regiment was
remarkably favored throughout the nine months, consid
ering the unhealthiness of its location, and its exposure
to danger. And it proved, by its uniform conduct, and
its moral condition on returning home, that the oft-
repeated stories of war s demoralization are not always
true of soldiers. They would compare favorably with
any equal number of men taken promiscuously from any
community, and, when they returned, were as upright
and moral and religious as when they left their homes for
the trials and temptations of the camp.
Among the pleasantest recollections of the writer of
these pages will always be the men whose acquaintance
he formed, and with whom he went through the Nine
Months Campaign of the Sixth Massachusetts Regi
As in the first campaign, so in the second, a complete
list of the officers and men is here presented, with such
previous and subsequent military service recorded against
each name as the author has, by diligent inquiry, been
able to ascertain. Years hence, these items will be pored
over by reverential eyes. *
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 257
FIELD AND STAFF.
Colonel ALBERT S. FOLLANSBEE, Lowell; Captain of Co.
C, 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861, and Colonel in 100 days, 1864. Horse
killed at his side, January 30, 1863.
Lieutenant-Colonel MELVIN BEAL, Lawrence; 2d Lieuten
ant and Captain in Co. F, 3 months, 1861 ; and Lieut.-Colonel in
100 days, 1864.
Major CHARLES A. STOTT.
Surgeon WALTER BURNHAM, Lowell; Surgeon, lOOdays 1864.
Chaplain JOHN W. HANSON, Haverhill; Chaplain in 100
days, 1864. Also, he visited each Massachusetts Regiment from
Washington to Florida, from January to April, 1864, under an
appointment from Gov. Andrew and from the Massachusetts Con
vention of Universalists. He was the pioneer of the Soldiers Mis
sion, a benevolent organization of the Universalists, supplementary
and complementary to the Christian Commission.
Adjutant THOMAS O. ALLEN, Lowell; Sergeant in Co. C,
3 months, 1861 ; Major in 100 days, 1864. Horse killed at his side,
January 30, 1863.
Quartermaster WILLIAM G. WISE, Lowell ; Acting Brigade
Commissary, resigned January 26, 1863.
Quartermaster CHARLES H. COBURN ; promoted from Com.
Sergt., January 29, 1863 ; subsequently Commissary in 1st U. S.
Assistant Surgeon OTIS M. HUMPHREY, Lowell ; subse
quently Surgeon in Charge U. S. A. Hospital, New Orleans, La.,
Med. Director 19th Army Corps. Promoted Lieut.-Colonel by
brevet, 1865, "for faithful and meritorious services."
Assistant Surgeon GEORGE E. PINKHAM, Assistant Surgeon
in 3d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 1
1 The Third Massachusetts Heavy Artillery occupied the fortifications
near Washington, [t was raised during the last months of the war.
258 THE NI-NE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Sergeant Major WILLIAM F. LOVRIEN, Lowell; Corporal
in Co. A, 3 months, 1861 ; subsequently in U. S. R. R. Service ;
prisoner in 1864.
Quartermaster Sergeant OLIVER F. SWIFT.
Commissary Sergeant. CHARLES H. COBURN, Lowell ; pro
moted to Quartermaster, January 29, 1863. Commissary in 1st
U. S. Colored Cavalry.
Commissary Sergeant JOHN T. BILLINGS, Lowell ; promoted
from private, Feb. 6, 1863.
Hospital Steward FRANK J. MILLIKEN ; discharged for dis
ability, March 4, 1863.
Hospital Steward ISAIAH HUTCHINS, Acton ; promoted
from private, March 4, 1863 ; 2d Lieut, in 100 days, 1864.
Drum Major ELISHA L. DAVIS, Lowell ; mustered out by
an order abolishing the office, October 29, 1862.
COMPANY A, LOWELL.
In same regiment, 1861 ; disbanded, 1865.
Captain, ANDREW C. WRIGHT, aged 42, Lowell ; 2d Lieut, in same
regiment, 3 months, 1861 ; discharged, Nov. 1862.
" ALFRED J. HALL, 25, Lowell ; Corp. 3 months in 6th
Mass. ; promoted from 2d Lieut. June 3, 1863.
First Lieutenant, ENOCH J. FOSTER, 24, Lowell ; Sergt. 3 months
in 6th Mass., Co. A ; discharged, Feb. 20, 1863.
" GEORGE W. SNELL, 35, Lowell ; Sergt. 3 months in
6th Mass.; promoted to 2d Lieut. Jan. 3, and 1st
Lieut. Feb. 24, 1863.
Second Lieutenant, SOLOMON CLARK, 27, Lowell ; Corp. 3 months
in 6th Mass. ; promoted to 2d Lieut. Feb. 24, 1863.
First Sergeant, JAMES M. TORSER, 28, Lowell ; 3 months, 6th Mass-
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 259
Sergeant, HENRY M. WOODWARD, 26, Lowell ; 3 mos, 6th Mass.
" IRVING GRAY, 19, Lowell.
" GEO. W. FROST, 33, Lowell.
" HENRY S. MCALLISTER, 26, Lowell.
" JOSIAH H. STOKES, 53, Lowell ; disc, dis y, Jan. 24, 1863.
Corporal, HENRY H. BROWN, 28, Lowell.
" BENJ. F. SHAW, 29, Lowell.
" CHARLES A. DAVIS, 26, Lowell ; in Cavalry.
" JOHN W. TILTON, 19, Lowell ; 15th Mass. Battery.
" JOHN C. HOBBS, 25, Lowell.
" BENJ. MELVIN, 35, Lowell.
" WM. BARKER, 30, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
" PETER DEVLIN, 20, Lowell.
" ORRIN R. PARK, 21, Lowell ; died, Suffolk, Nov. 15, 62.
Musician, HORACE H. ROLLINS, 22, Lowell.
" ANDREW C. WRIGHT, JR., 17, Lowell; 100 days ser-
. vice, 6th Mass.
Wagoner, ADONIRAM J. COLGROVE, 30, Lowell.
Chas. E. Andrews, 20, Tyngsboro ; 1st Mass. Cav.
Thomas Allen, 43, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Edwin S. Bowers, 24, Lowell ; 29th Mass. ; Commissary in
Hospital Dep t.
Joseph Blood, 42, Lowell.
Firth Brooks, 29, Lowell.
John Bramhall, 28, Lowell.
Michael Bradley, 33, Lowell.
Patrick Burns, 38, Lowell.
Wm. Brittan, 30, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Samuel Chapin, 28, Lowell.
Patrick Cusack, 18, Lowell ; 59th Mass.
260 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
John Connelly, 24, Lowell ; 8th Mass., 1 3 months, 1861.
Michael Cavanaugh, 18, Lowell; 59th Mass.
James Connor, 44, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Aaron Cleworth, 31, Lowell.
Geo. Conway, 18, Lowell ; 59th Mass.
Patrick Collins, 25, Lowell.
Thomas Church, 32, Dracut ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Oliver Cheever, 44, Dracut.
Barnard Calahan, 19, Lowell ; 59th Mass.
Orin G. Coburn, 23, Dracut.
Geo. S. Crocker, 22, Lowell ; 3 months, 6th Mass., 1861.
Stephen Dunnigan, 18, Lowell; 30th Mass.
Frank Donnelly, 1 9, Lowell ; subsequently in the Navy.
Thomas Delaney, 18, Lowell.
Thomas Derbyshire, 39, Lowell.
Peter Devno, 26, Lowell.
Albert T. L. Davis, 20, Lowell ; Cavalry.
John P. Elliot, 38, Lowell.
Benj. Freeman, 30, Lowell.
John Grant, 18, Lowell.
Jotham Goodall, 44, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Joshua Hill, 35, Lowell.
James Henwright, 22, Lowell ; in 59th Mass., and since died.
Thomas Howaith, 23, Lowell.
Levi Harrison, 40, Lowell.
Andrew J. Herrick, 28, Lowell ; 3 months, 6th Mass. 1861 ; died
in Suffolk, Nov. 30, 1862.
Michael Keough, 32, Lowell ; died after the campaign.
1 The Eighth Massachusetts was a Nine Months Regiment, from Essex
County. It was out in 1861, three months, under Col. Hinks, and served
in North Carolina, from Nov. 1862 till July, 1863; and, after a short time
Maryland, it arrived home, and was mustered out, Aug. 7, 1863.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 261
Martin Lynch, 18, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
James W. Lee, 24, Lowell.
Jeremiah Murphy, 28, Lowell ; died after his return home.
Chas. S. Marston, 20, Lowell.
James Maher, 19, Lowell; 6th Mass., for 100 days, 1864.
Hugh McClusky, 19, Lowell.
Dependance Morrowson, 38, Lowell.
Michael Moran, 44, Lowell.
James J. Masterson, 18, Lowell; discharged, Dec. 28, 1862, and
shortly afterwards died in Lowell.
James Nuthall, 27, Lowell.
George Nesmith, 20, Lowell.
James J. O Connell, 19, Lowell ; in Cavalry.
Daniel O Neill, 22, Lowell.
Daniel O Brian, 43, Lowell ; deserted on his way to Suffolk.
Alexander Park, 22, Lowell.
Amos Packard, 44, Lowell.
John Rogers, 18, Lowell.
Thomas Rogers, 19, Lowell.
John Rafferty, 45, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Art., taken prisoner-
Joseph Simpson, 39, Lowell.
Wm. H. Snow, 37, Dracut ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery, since pro
moted to Lieut.
Patrick St. Leger, 35, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Geo. Short, 18, Lowell; 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
James Slowey, 23, Lowell ; 30th Mass.
James Sullivan, 19, Lowell; in Ambulance Corps.
Morty Scullay, 20, Lowell.
James Scott, 25, Lowell ; deserted while home on furlough.
Dennis Toomey, 28, Lowell.
Thomas Tully, 29, Lowell ; in Cavalry.
Jame Thornton, 31, Lowell.
262 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Jolm Thompson, SO, Lowell.
John Whalen, 39, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Thomas W. Wood. 27, Lowell.
Abram M. Webster, 26, Lowell.
James W. Whittier, 22, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Daniel A. Whittemore,*29, Tewksbury ; 2d Mass._Heavy Artillery.
Enos H. Wheeler, 23, Lowell.
Lewis A. Young, 27, Lowell.
COMPANY B, GROTON.
In Three Months , 1861, and One Hundred Days , 1864.
Captain, GEORGE^F. SHATTUCK, aged 24, Groton ; 1st Lieut, in
3 months, 1861 ; A Capt. in 100 days, 1864, 6th Mass.
First Lieutenant, SAMUEL G. BLOOD, 37, Groton ; 2d Lieut, in 3
months, 1861; accidentally wounded with pistol
Sept 30, 1862 ; wounded, Deserted House, Jan. 30,
1863 ; in Navy, 1864.
Second Lieutenant, EDWARD D. SAWTELLE, 28, Groton ; killed
Deserted House, Jan. 30, 1863 ; Sergt. in 3 months,
1861, 6th Mass.
" " JOSEPH A. BACON, 26, Groton ; promoted
from 1st Sergt. Feb. 9, 1863 ; Corp. in 3 months,
1861 ; Lieut, in 100 days, 1864.
First Sergeant, WM. T. CIIILDS, 41, Groton ; Sergt. in]3 months,
1861 ; 2d Lieut, in 100 days, 1864.
Sergeant, GEORGE H. STAHL, 23, Groton; in 3 months, 1861,
" HARRISON WAIT, 20, Groton ; in Signal Corps.
" FRANKLIN M. JEWETT, 34, Westford.
" GEORGE R. SHATTUCK, 25, Groton ; in 6th Mass., 100
THE IMNE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 263
Corporal, THOMAS GILSON, 23, Groton"; in 6th Mass., 3 months,
1861 ; in Signal Corps, 1864.
" ELLERY C. WRIGHT, 18, Westford.
" DANIEL S. KENDALL, 28, Groton; in 100 days, 1864,
6th Mass ; lost leg by scythe, July, 1865.
" CHAS. A. LUCE, jr. 18, Manchester, N. H. ; wounded,
in arm, Hebron Ch., May 15, 1863.
" CHAS. M. LOVEJOY, 21, Groton; in 6th Mass., 1861.
" HENRY B. STORY, 18, Pepperell; in 100 days, 1864.
" CHAS. H. BALCOM, 21, Pepperell; died Jan. 7, 1863.
Wagoner, CHAS. L. NUTTING, 40, Groton ; disc., dis y, Jan. 7, 63.
George H. Balcom, 21, [Pepperell.
George Blood, 24, Westford.
George W. Blodgett, 18, Westford ; killed, Deserted House, Jan.
Charles Blood, 38, Groton.
Abel R. Brigham, 18, .
Timothy Caiman, 28, Lowell.
George W. Childs, 18 Groton"; in 100 days, 1864, 6th Mass. ,
Charles N. Clark, 18, Groton ; in 100 days, 1864, 6th Mass.
Gilbert Colburn, 39, Groton"; in Signal Corps, 1864.
Francis W. Cragin, 18, Groton.
John Condon, 18, Groton ; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days.
Edwin P. Dodge, 19, Groton ; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days.
Joseph Donnelly, 25,*Lowell ; discharged, disability, Nov. 20, 1862.
George H. Farnsworth, 26, Groton ; ^wounded, Hebron Church,
May 15, 1863 ; reenlisted.
Henry M. Farnsworth, 21, Groton.
Joseph Fitch, 41, Groton.
Daniel Gilson, 26, Groton.
264 T II E N I N E M O N T II S C A M P A I N .
Sumner Gilson, 18, Groton ; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days.
Bowman S. Gale, 23, Groton; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days.
Albert II. Harnden, 18 Groton.
Charles AV. Hildreth, 20, Pepperell; slight wound, Deserted
House, Jan. 30, 1863 ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Wm. H. I. Hayes 18, ; in Mass. 59th, since.
Francis S. Howard, 35, Westford; wounded at Deserted House,
Jan. 30, 1863, from which died, Feb. 1st.
Isaac S. Knight, 44, Groton ; in 59th Mass., 1864.
Charles E. Kilburn, 26, Shirley.
George It. Lawrence, 18, Groton.
George F. Lillis, 18, Groton ; wounded, Hebron Ch., May 15, 63.
James McDonald, 25, Lowell.
Daniel H. Madden, 19, .
Frederick L. Mansfield, 19, Groton; disc., dis y, Jan. 14, 1863.
Edwd. D. Nutting, 20, Groton ; killed accidentally, Groton, 1864.
Richard Pierce, 20, Townsend.
George F. Patch, 20, Groton ; in Mass. 6th, 1864, 100 days.
Wm. F. Patch, 21, Groton.
George H. Richardson, 21, Groton; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days.
Rufus B. Richardson, 18, Groton; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days.
Wm. Reed, 39, Westford.
Augustus Reed, 18, Westford; wounded, Deserted House, Jan.
30, 1863; died, Feb. 27.
Alfred A. Richardson, 20, Groton ; died, Dec. 8, 1862.
George Russell, 35, Groton.
Amos L. Shattuck, 37 Groton.
Henry P. Shattuck, 18, Groton.
Dexter D. Smith, 37, Groton ; in N. H. regiment, 1864.
Kimball A. Stevens, 35, Dunstable.
Wm. Short, 45, Lowell.
Warner H. Souther, 23, Groton.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 265
Wm. T. Stackpole, 18, Lowell; in 7th Mass. Battery; also Mass.
15th Battery, subsequently.
Albert D. Turner, 18, Townsend.
Augustus W. Thorning, 27, Ashby.
Thomas Tully, 35, Lowell.
Charles H. Tileston, 18, Groton.
John E. Whiting, 19, Pepperell ; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days.
Charles A. Wright, 19, Townsend ; in Mass. H. A.
Charles G. Woods, 20, Westford.
John J. Wooster, 24, Groton; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days.
Wm. M. Whitney, 23, Westford.
John H. Whitney, 27, Westford ; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days.
Alanson Withington, 19, Townsend ; killed, Des. Ho., Jan. 30, 63.
W. Whitcomb, wounded slightly, Deserted House, Jan. 30, 1863.
COMPANY C, LOWELL.
In Three Months , 1861, and One Hundred Days , 1864.
Captain, JOHN C. JEPSON, 44, Lowell ; 2d Lieut, in 6th Mass., 3
First Lieutenant, JOHN W. HADLEY, 34, Lowell; Sergt. in 6th
Mass., 3 months, 1861.
Second Lieutenant, ISAAC M. MARSHALL, 23, Lowell ; Corp. in 6th
Mass., 3 months, 18G1 ; slightly wounded, Deserted
House, Jan. 30, 1863.
Sergeant, BENJ. F. GODDARD, 23, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 3 months,
1861 ; Capt. in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
" JOHN H. LAKIN, 24, Lowell.
" BRADBURY N. ROBINSON, 20, Lowell.
" JAMES B. TRUEWORTHY, 34, Lowell.
" WILLIAM B. McCuRDY, 22, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 3
months, 1861 ; 1st Lieut. 6th Mass , 100 days, 1864.
266 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Corporal, JOHN A. RICHARDSON, 22, Lowell ; 2d- Lieut, in 6th
Mass., 100 days, 1864.
" EDWARD G. TUCKERMAN, 21, Lowell.
u ALBERT A. MANNING, 41, Lowell; in Signal Corps.
" LEONARD BBOWN, 41, Lowell.
" MORRILL C. GOVE, 38, Lowell ; in 15th Mass. Battery.
" RUFUS K. GREEN, 33, Lowell.
" ANDREW J. BURBANK, 26, Lowell.
" A. F. EGGLETON, 32, Lowell.
" GEORGE W. SWAIN, 23, Lowell; died Dec. 24, 1862.
Musician, FRANKLIN P. NORRIS, 17, Lowell ; 6th Mass., 100 days
" HARLAN O. PAGE, 17, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100
Wagoner, HENRY MARTIN, 33, Lowell.
Nelson T. Aldrich, 20, Lowell; 15th Mass. Battery.
Hanson W. Allen, 33 Lowell.
Norman I. Austin, 26, Lowell ; prisoner, Hebron Ch., May 15, 63.
Henry C. Bruce, 35, Lowell ; in 2d Mass. Cavalry, subsequently.
Charles R. Bill, 24, Lowell ; in Navy, subsequently.
Wm. J. Blake, 21, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
John H. Caverly, 18, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
James G. Clarke, 23, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Ransom E. Cady, 34, Lowell.
Henry Carle, 23, Lowell.
Horace A. Carter, 36, Lowell.
John G. Crockett, 26, Lowell.
Alonzo P. Clifford, 29, Lowell.
Joseph Con way, 42, Lowell.
Charles A. Donahue, 23, Lowell.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 267
Reuben A. Derby, 32, Lowell.
Henry H. Dadmun, 21, Lowell.
Timothy F. Dow, 22, Lowell ; 15th Mass. Battery.
George H. Drake, 20, Lowell.
Orlando G. Delano, 3 1 , Lowell.
Alfred Day, 26, Lowell.
Wm. H. Dorr, 27, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Asgill H. Eames, 20, Lowell; in 6th Mass., K>0 days, 1864.
Benj. F. Evans, 29, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Lewis H. Frost, 18, Lowell ; died, June, 1864.
Luther A. French, 18, Lowell.
Benj. F. Freeman, 18, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
George I. Fox, 21, Lowell; wounded and taken prisoner, May 15
1863 ; died in enemy s hands.
Blaney Godfrey, 25 Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Wellington Greenleaf, 24, Lowell.
George Graham, 29, Lowell.
George A. Gray, 23, Lowell ; in 7th Mass. Battery, subsequently.
George G. Gragg, 26, Lowell.
Charles W. Goodhue, 31, Lowell.
David H. Goodhue, 28, Lowell ; wounded, May 15, 1863 ; died
in enemy s hands.
Theodore F. Gardner, 19, Lowell; in 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
George H. Gray, 27, Tewksbury ; killed in action, May 15, 1863.
Albert Hamblett, 18, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
George G. Hanaford, 40, Lowell.
Henry A. Hartley, 21, Lowell.
Wm. T. Hatch, 22, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Cavalry, subsequently.
Prescott L. Jones, 19, Dracut ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Cyrus P. Johnson, 33, Lowell.
Gardner W. King, 20, Lowell.
Joel-Knapp, 27, Lowell,
268 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
John H. Keith, 19, Lowell; wounded, May 15, 1863; died, May
16, in hospital.
Marshall Lincoln, 34, Lowell.
John Leslie, 28.
Greenleaf W. Metcalf, 28, Lowell; band of 6th Mass. (Bugler),
3 months, 1861.
James Murphy, 31, Lowell.
Rodney Mansur, 22, Lowell.
George W. McLennan, 19, Lowell.
George Matthews, 22, Winthrop.
Moses G. Nichols, 30, Lowell.
Daniel Nary, 28, Lowell.
George R. Northum, 25, Lowell.
Edmund H. Osborn, 33, Lowell.
George D. Otis, 22, Lowell.
Alfred G. Parkhurst, 24, Chelmsford.
Isaac B. Pendergast, 23, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Lewis A. Pierce, 21, Lowell ; wounded in leg, May 15, 1863, He
George H. Proctor, 18, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Julian A. Richardson, 19, Lowell.
Albert F. Ring, 23, Lowell ; discharged, disability, March 30, 1863.
Josiah T. Smart, 32, Chelmsford ; wounded, Des. Ho., Jan. 30, 63.
Wm. H. Sherman, 37, Lowell.
Frederick P. Sanborn, 21, Lowell.
John A. Sawtelle, 17, Lowell.
Luther B. Swain, 29, Lowell.
John H. Saunders, 18, Lowell.
Wm. C. Stanley, 35, Lowell ; 7th Mass. Battery, subsequently.
Torrey E. Stratton, 25, Lowell.
Joseph G. Sweatt, 19, Lowell ; prisoner, Hebron Ch., May 15, 63.
Anson G. Thurston, 21, Lowell; taken prisoner, Hebron ChurCh,
May 15, 1863 ; wounded, and died in rebel hospital.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 269
Ambrose S. Wilder, 25, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
George K. Willand, 31, Lowell.
James E. Wilson, 18, New Hampton, N. H. wounded May 15, 63.
Dudley L. Watson, 26, Lowell.
Frederick White, 30, Lowell.
Robert H. Walker, 19, Winthrop.
Benj. A. Young, 20, Lowell.
COMPANY D, LOWELL.
In Three Months , 1861, and One Hundred Days , 1864.
Captain, JAMES W. HART, 41, Lowell; Capt. in 6th Mass. 3
months, 1861, and in 100 days, 1864.
First Lieutenant, SAMUEL C. PINNEY, 43, Lowell; 3d Lieut, in
3 months, 1861, and 1st Lieut, in 100 days, 1864,
Second Lieutenant, HIRAM C. MUZZEY, 19, Lowell ; in 3 months,
and in 100 days, 1864, 6th Mass., and Frontier Cav.
First Sergeant, EDWARD D. DILLINGHAM, 32, Lowell.
Sergeant, WM. P. CUMMINGS, 23, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 3 months,
1861 ; subsequently Lieut, in Me. Regt.
" REUBEN H. DITSON, 33, Lowell; in 100 days, 1864,
" WILLIAM G. BRADY, 47, Lowell; 15th Mass. Battery.
" ANDREW STEWART, 27, Lowell ; in Me. Regt.
Corporal, PROSPER TYLER, 23, Lowell.
A. W. HEALD, 23, Lowell.
" MOSES F. WHEELER, 27, Lowell.
" JOHN DOUGLASS, 28, Lowell.
WM. A. CHANDLER, 29, Lowell ; in 2d Mass. H. Art.
" HOWARD COBURN, 20, Dracut ; in 6th Mass., 100 days,
" JASON J. C. BROWN, 29, Lowell; in 6th Mass. 100
270 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Corporal NATHAN C. HOYT, 26, Lowell.
Musician, CHAS. H. COLLINS, 18, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100
Wagoner, WM. ANDKKSOX, 21, Lowell.
John F. Bow, 35, Lowell.
Asahel M. Bryant, 22, Lowell.
Joseph Bixby, 24, Lowell ; in Co. C, 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Chas. F. Badger, 38, Lowell.
Lucius Butterfield, 20, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
John Cafy, 36, Lowell.
Chas. P. Craig, 22, Lowell,
Zebulon Clapp, 44, Lowell.
Silas T. Chaplin, 30, Lowell.
Wiseman W. Chaplin, 32, Lowell.
James Critehett, 31, Lowell.
Ivory H. Carleton, 18, Lowell ; in Navy, subsequently.
Chas. A. Cutts, 18, Lowell; died, Nov. 25, 1862.
Chas. F. Dane, 22, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Dudley Davis, 30, Lowell.
Joshua Dow, Jr. 32, Lowell.
Peter Duvill, 22, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
John M. Davis, 18, Dracut ; wounded, April 28, 1863; in Navy,
Win. H. Drinker, 18, Lowell; taken prisoner, May 10, 1863; in
2d N. H. Cavalry.
Edwin A. Fuller, 21, Lowell ; in Co. C, 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Chas. A. Green, 19, Lowell.
Hugh Golden, 26, Lowell.
Luke Gray, 21, Lowell; taken prisoner, Nov. 19, 1862.
Geo. Gardiner, Jr. 18, Lowell; discharged, disability, April 29,
1863 ; Deceased, May 3, 1863.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 271
John Hood, 18, Lowell ; 1st Mass. Cavalry.
Walter W. Hoyt, 19, Lowell; 2d Mass. Cavalry.
Benj. Horn, 32 Lowell.
Jonathan T. Harriman, 24, East Cambridge.
John Humphrey, 32, Chelmsford ; wounded, April 27, 1863.
John W. Hopkins, 30, Lowell.
Henry Harper, 36, Lowell.
John H. Housler, 40, Dracut.
Chas. N. Keyser, 27, Lowell ; discharged, disability, Feb. 24, 1863.
Geo. S. Langmaid, 27, Lowell.
John S. Lugg, 20, Lowell ; re-entered service.
Peter Littlehale, 26, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864 ; Fron
Sylvester VV. Lord, 24, Lowell.
Nathaniel Lathe, 39, Lowell.
Geo. T. Lawrence, 29, Lowell.
Luke W. Lovrien, 50, Lowell; died, Oct., 1862.
Hiram A. Legro, 18, Lowell; died, Dec. 23d, 1862.
Jerry McCarthy, 18, Lowell; in Navy, subsequently.
Patrick McNulty, 40, Lowell.
Alphonso Merrill, 26, Lowell.
Forrest B. Nichols, 18, Lowell; in Navy, subsequently.
Aaron Noyes, 33, Lowell.
David P. Nudd, 21, Lowell.
John A. Oldham, 23, Lowell.
John M. Page, 18, Lowell; in 7th Mass. Battery, 1863.
Thomas Probert, 36, Lowell.
William Partridge, 24, Lowell.
Wm. H. Parker, 21, Lowell ; Conn. Cavalry.
Washington L. Poor, 26, Lowell.
Geo. W. Pelsue, 18, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Samuel Reeves, 43, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
272 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Samuel A. Smith, 18, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Stephen Sargent, 36, Lowell.
Aaron Sawyer, 36, Lowell ; in 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
John W. Sullivan, 18, Lowell.
Solomon Spalding, 38, Tyngsboro ; 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Jonas L. Thompson, 28, Lowell.
Adolph Tetro, 25, Lowell.
Geo. F. Tilton, 21, Lowell.
Parris K. Taylor, 23, Lowell.
Joel M. Thurston, 39 Lowell; taken prisoner, May 10, 1863.
James M. Whitney, 35, Dracut ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Eugene E. Whipple, 18, Lowell; 1st Mass. Cavalry.
John Wyman, 23, Lowell.
M. J. Wentworth, 23, Lowell; Sergt. in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Horace W. Waldron, 24, Lowell; wounded, April 24, 1863.
Lycurgus K. Watson, 27, Lowell.
Geo. B. Whitney, 18, Lowell; wounded, April 28, 1863.
COMPANY E, ACTON.
In Three Months, 1861, and One Hundred Days, 1864.
Captain, AARON C. HANDLEY, 39, Acton.
First Lieutenant, AARON S. FLETCHER, 32, Acton ; 4th Lieut.
6th Mass., 3 mos., 1861 ; resigned, March 6th, 1863.
Second Lieutenant, GEO. W. RAND, 39, Acton ; 2d Lieut. 6th Mass.,
3 months, 1861 ; 1st Lieut, March 10th, 1863.
" " GEO. W. KNIGHTS, 28, Acton ; Sergt. of 6th
Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; promoted, March 10th, 1863 ;
Lieut, in 100 days, 1864.
t Sergeant, FRANK H. W T HITCOMB, 24, Acton ; Capt. in 1 00 days,
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 273
Sergeant, ANDREW J. SAWYER, 30, Acton ; in 6th Mass., 3
months, 1861 ; in 100 days, 1864.
" LEVI H. ROBBINS, 23, Acton.
" FRANCIS W. GOODWIN, 26, Acton ; in U. S. Cavalry,
" WM. MORRILL, 30, Acton.
Corporal, FRANCIS E. HARRIS, 18, Acton;
" ABEL FARRAR, JR, 24, Acton ; in 6th Mass., 3 months^
1861 ; in 100 days, 1864.
" SAMUEL G. BROWN, 27, Acton.
" VARNUM F. EOBBINS, 22, Acton; in 6th Mass., 3
" JOSEPH N. ROBBINS, 27, Acton; in 5th Mass., 3 months,
" GEO. L. SAWYER, 23, Acton; in 100 days, 1864.
Musician, WM. ALLEN, 17, Lowell; in Navy, subsequently.
Wagoner, WM. D. CLARK, 29, Acton.
Geo. T. Ames, 18, Acton.
Hiram Butters, 47, Acton.
Charles H. Blood, 20, Acton.
Henry L. Bray, 21, Acton; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; in Mass.
Marcus Conant, 20, Littleton ; in llth Mass. ; wounded and pris
oner at Bull Run; Lieut, in 14th unattached Heavy Art.
Wm. Chaplin, Jr., 22, Acton; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Eldridge Conant, 21, Acton ; died, Feb. 10th, 1863.
Francis Dutton, 26, Sudbury.
Edwin Dwinels, 20, Harvard.
Solomon Davis, 36, Sudbury.
Albert A. Dyar, 35, Chelmsford; in 15th Mass. Batt.
274 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Oscar Dwelley, 38, Acton ; in 56tli Mass. 1 ; prisoner at Petersburg.
Charles W. Fletcher, Acton.
Chauncey U. Fuller, 18, Acton; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Charles Franklin, 19, 2 Littleton; in 58th Mass. 3
Daniel H. Farrar, 24, Acton; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
John Griffin, 22,Boxboro .
Forestus D. H. Hoar, 32, Acton; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Eugene L. Hall, 18, Acton ; in 26th Mass., subsequently ; killed,
Sept. 19th, 1864.
Henry Hapgood, 20, Acton; deceased, Nov. 25th, 1863.
Charles H. Holton, 24, Littleton.
John S. Hartwell, 35, Littleton.
Marshall Hapgood, 21, Acton.
John L. Hill, 31, Harvard.
Walter O. Holden, 25, Acton.
John Hancock, 18, Westford.
Wm. F. Hale, 21, Westford.
Sherman J. Hoar, 33, Acton; disch., disability, Oct. 24th, 1862.
Isaiah Hutchins, 34, Acton; promoted Hosp. Stew. March 4th ,
1863 ; 2d Lieut., 100 days, 1864.
Charles F. Jefts, 19, Littleton; in 100 days, 1864.
George Jones, 22, Acton; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861.
George W. Knowlton, 18, Littleton; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
John M. Kidder, 23, Littleton.
Albert Moulton, 37, Acton.
Joseph Morin, 23, Boxboro ; in 26th Mass., subsequently.
Lewis J. Masters, 20, Boston.
1 The Fifty Sixth Regiment was raised in 1864, and did excellent ser
vice in the closing scenes of the war.
2 Now known as Charles Franklin Pierce.
3 The Fifty Eighth Regiment was completed soon after the Fifty Sixth,
find left Mass., April 28, 1864. It was nearly extinguished in the Fall of
1864, r.y casualties.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 275
Augustus Newton, 25, Stow.
Wm. H. T. Nichols, 44, Harvard.
George N. Pierce, 18, Acton.
John H. Pollard, 20, Acton.
Oscar Preston, 18, Littleton; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
George B. Parker, 25, Acton; disch., disability, March 16th, 1863.
Wm. Reed, 41, Acton ; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861.
Albert W. Robbins, 23, Littleton ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Kendall J. Rand, 24, Harvard.
Wm. *\ Stevens, 23, Boxboro .
Charles E. Sprague, 24, Harvard; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Matthew Smith, 19, Sudbury; 59th Mass.
Allen G. Smith, 21, Westford.
Matthew A. Smith, 19, Westford.
Nathan E. Tuttle, 40, Littleton.
Henry W. Tibbetts, 27, Harvard; 15th Mass. Batt.
Joseph R. Vangesel, 22, Kent Co., Del.
Allen P. Whitcomb, 35, Littleton.
Nahum H. Whitcomb, 24, Littleton; died, Dec. 13th, 1862.
Henry Willard, 23, Littleton.
Augustus G. Whitcomb, 19, Boxboro .
Wm. H. Whitcomb, 32, Stow ; wounded, Jan. 30th, 1863, Deserted
House ; in 56th Mass., subsequently.
Alonzo W. Woodward, 26, Boxboro ; died, Oct. 6th, 1862.
COMPANY F, CAMBRIDGE.
This company was raised by Captain John S. Sawyer,
immediately before the Sixth started, and sustained itself
honorably throughout the campaign. Its commander
endeavored to recruit it again for the Hundred Days,
1864 ; but the Sixth started for the seat of war before
the company s ranks were full.
276 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Captain, JOHN S. SAWYER, 31, Cambridge.
First Lieutenant, THEODORE COLLAMORE, 38, Cambridge; re
signed, Feb. 11, 1863.
" " CALVIN A. DAMON, 34, Cambridge ; promoted
from 1st Sergt., Feb. 11, 1863.
Second Lieutenant, LOWELL ELLISON, 30, Cambridge ; 3 months,
3d Mass., 1861.
1st Sergeant, SAMUEL HOYT, 25, Cambridge; subsequently in
llth Mass. Battery. ^
Sergeant, CHAS. M. HOWLETT, 22, Cambridge; 3 months, 3d
. Mass., 1 1861.
* JAMES RICHARDSON, 28, Belmont.
" HENRY A. SMITH, 25, Cambridge ; 3 months, 3d Mass.
1861 ; since Lieut, and Capt., Mass. 59th.
" DARIUS P. RICHARDS, 24, Cambridge; 1st Lieut, in
60th Mass., 1865.
Corporal, THOMAS II. LUCY, 20, Cambridge ; 3 months, 3d
" JOSEPH P. CARTWRIGHT, 25, Cambridge ; 3 months,
3d Mass., 1861.
" GEORGE E. HIXON, JR., 24, Cambridge.
" FREDERIC W. HAGAR, 32, Cambridge.
" MELVILLE D. JONES, 20, Cambridge ; 3 months, in
5th Mass., 1861.
u CHAS. H. MORGAN, 25, Cambridge; 18 months, 17th
Mass., previously; 19 months, 1st Mass. Cavalry,
Q. M. Sergt., subsequently.
" HERBERT D. JOHNSON, 28, Cambridge.
1 The Third Massachusetts, under Col. Wurdrop, served three months
B 1861, and nine months under Col. Richmond, from Oct. 22, 1862, till
1863, in North Carolina.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 277
Corporal, CHRISTOPHER A. KENDALL, 31, Cambridge.
Musician, EDWIN W. SNOW, 18, Cambridge.
Wagoner, SILAS F. WHEELER, 35, Cambridge.
Thomas Allen, 31, Cambridge.
Theobald Alexander, 32, Cambridge.
John G. Bachelder, 20, Cambridge.
Wm. C. Burgess, 26, Cambridge.
Albert L. Burgess, 18, Cambridge; Slightly wounded, May 15,
1863, Hebron Ch. ; since in Mass. Battery.
Edward L. Bowers, 23, Cambridge.
Isaac H. Black, 20, Cambridge ; 3 months, 3d Mass., Co. C.
Edwin Bartholomew, 37, Cambridge.
Wm. M. Cutting, 24, Cambridge.
John H. Costellow, 23, Cambridge.
Oscar Chandler, 36, Cambridge.
Joseph Crosby, 44, Cambridge ; subsequently in 56th Mass.
John Coggens, 22, Cambridge ; 3 months, 69th N. Y., 1861 ; since
in 59th Mass. ; wounded, and discharged.
Harvey G. Davis, 30, Cambridge.
Daniel W. Davis, 18, Cambridge ; subsequently in 4th Mass.
Thos. Drinan, 40, Cambridge; slightly wounded, May 15, 1863>
Hebron Ch. ; since in 61st Mass.
Owen Dailey, 40, Cambridge ; subsequently in 56th Mass.
Wm. H. Edgarton, 23, Cambridge.
James W. Ede, 22, Cambridge.
Constantine Eckstadt, 29, Cambridge ; deserted, Sept. 9, 1862.
1 The Fourth Cavalry was organized early in 1864. It served in South
Carolina and Florida, and afterwards near Richmond. It has had a brill
278 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Wm. F. Farwell, 32, Cambridge.
Frank Fox, 37, Cambridge; subsequently in 2d Mass. Heavy
Augustus Frazier, 28, Cambridge.
Alexander N. Fields, 29, Cambridge.
Stephen W. Gale, 28, Cambridge.
James Garry, 29, Cambridge.
John Grinham, 27, Cambridge.
Wm. U. Grannan, 35, Cambridge ; 3 years service, 7th New Jer
sey, in Mexican War; in N. Y. 69th, 3 months, 186] ; Co.
E, 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. .
Enoch D. Hewlett, 42, Cambridge.
Nathan Hutchinson, 33, Cambridge.
Joseph H. Hasty, 18, Cambridge.
John Hennessy, 27, Cambridge.
Hugh Holland, 21, Cambridge; since in Heavy Artillery; se
Chas. E. Hall, 25, Cambridge.
Wm. M. Harding, 36, Cambridge ; disch., dis y, Dec. 28, 1862.
Henry M. Jones, 27, Cambridge.
Joseph Locke, 32, Cambridge.
Wm. P. Livessey, 20, Cambridge.
Chas. E. Lovett, 20, Cambridge.
Wm. L. Luce, 25, Cambridge.
Paulin Laclote, 31, Cambridge.
Frank Leighton, 25, Cambridge ; killed, Deserted House, Jan.
Jeremiah Murphy, 44, Cambridge.
Alexander D. McKenzie, 19, Cambridge.
John R. McKenzie, 24, Cambridge.
James McCalvery, 38, Cambridge ; 59th Mass. ; killed in Battle
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 279
Walter H. Merrill, 18, Cambridge ; 1st Mass. Cavalry.
John McCannon, 30, Cambridge.
James L. McKeever, 20, Cambridge; prisoner, Nov. 19, 1862.
John G. Noble, 44, Cambridge ; subsequently in 1st Mass. Cavalry.
Oilman Page, 44, Cambridge.
Edwin Poole, 21, Cambridge.
Thomas Ryan, 30, Cambridge.
Edward Roome, 22, Cambridge.
James J. Roster, 29, Cambridge; subsequently in 59th Mass.
Wm. F. Riggs, 40, Cambridge.
John Seanlan, 40, Cambridge; 59th Mass. ; killed, battle of the
George Smith, 32, Newton.
Geo. H. Spencer, 21, Cambridge ; 60th Mass., 100 days.
Tromas J. Stafford, 18, Cambridge.
Andrew J. Studley, 18, Cambridge.
Chas. H. Smith, 23, Cambridge.
Wm. E. Stiles, 22, Cambridge.
George Shalon, 21, Cambridge.
Peter J. Thorogood, 23, Cambridge.
John Q. A. Thompson, 34 ; Com. Sergt. in Mass. H. A.
Samuel J. Woodward, 22, Cambridge.
Edward P. White, 29, Cambridge ; subsequently in Mass.
Wm. Whitney, 32, Cambridge ; in 1st Mass. Cavalry.
COMPANY G, LOWELL.
Company Gr was organized in 1862, as the Amateur
Drill Club, and paraded and drilled during that year ;
and when the Nine Months troops were called for, an
attempt was made to obtain the services of the company.
280 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
It succeeded only as far as a small part was concerned ;
but the ranks were recruited, so that it entered the
Sixth. Its drill was excellent ; and it passed through
the campaign with credit second to that of no other
company in the regiment.
Captain, GEO. L. CADY, 27, Lowell.
First Lieutenant, SELWYN E. BICKFORD, 29, Lowell.
Second Lieutenant, ALFRED H. PULSIFER, 30, Lowell ; Capt. 2d
Mass. Heavy Art.
First Sergeant, NATHAN TAYLOR, 23, Lowell ; Capt, in Co. G,
100 days, 6th Mass.
Sergeant, FRANK BUNCHER, 21, Lowell.
* STEPHEN KENNEY, 26, Lowell.
" CLARK R. CAS WELL, 27, Lowell.
" CHARLES O. BILLINGS, 21, Lowell.
Corporal, ALONZO C. GROUT, 28, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Cavalry ;
wounded near Washington.
" ANDREW J. SANBORN, 25, Lowell.
" MARCUS W. COPPS, 25, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days.
" GEO. H. FAVOR, 27, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days.
" GEO. G. TARBELL, 22, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days.
" WM. E. HILL, 29, Lowell; 15rh Mass. Battery.
" FRANKLIN S. PEAVEY, 20, Lowell.
" HENRY HUTCHINSON, 27, Lowell ; 6th Mass., 100 days.
Wagoner, WM. B. TINGLEY, 24, Tewksbury; 6th Mass., 100 days.
Willis B. Atkins, 31, Billerica.
John M. Averill, 19.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 281
Otis J. Brown, 31, Lowell.
Chas. H. Bassett, 25, Lowell; 1st Lieut, in 6th Mass., Co. G, 100
Stephen A. Bullens, 24, Lowell ; 6th Mass., Co. G, 100 days, 1864.
Henry T. Barnard, 21, Lowell.
Benj. Baldwin, 43, Lowell; Frontier Cavalry, 1865.
Henry A. Coburn, 21, Lowell.
Geo. D. Coburn, 18, Lowell; in 6th Mass., Co. G, 100 days, 1864.
James Christie, 19, Lowell.
Jeremiah M. Chute, 24, Lowell.
Theophilus J. Crowell, 19, Lowell ; disch., disability, Oct. 29, 1862.
Jairus A. Dexter, 21, Tewksbury; 2d Mass. Cavalry; dead.
Franklin Davis, 28, Lowell.
William P. Farrington, 30, Lowell.
Chas. C. Foote, 34, Lowell ; wounded, April 24, 1863.
Chas. Fosdick. 29, Lowell.
Clarendon Goodwin, 22, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Lathrop C. Grout, 21, Lowell; 2d Mass. Cavalry.
Samuel W. Grimes, 20, Lowell; Sergt.-Major, 6th Mass., 100
Geo. W. Gordon, 38, Lowell.
Levi C. Grant, 33, Lowell.
Albert T. Green, 22, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Erastus H. Gray, 20, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Amos S. George. 33, Lowell.
Chas. H. Horton, 18, Lowell.
Edward B. Holt, 18, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Chas. B. F. Hoyt, 29, Lowell.
William A. Hodge. 33, Lowell.
George Healey, 27, Lowell.
George W. Huntoon, 26, Lowell.
Henry S. Houghton, 21, Lowell.
282 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Frederic A. Hanson, 18; in Vermont Regiment.
George W. Hall, 21, Lowell.
Moses M. Hilton, 27, Lowell; died, April 26, 1863.
Lucius W. Hilton, 21, Lowell ; trans, to Mass. 39th, Sept. 1, 1862.
Chas. B. Kitchen, 35, Lowell.
Manlius Knowles, 22, Lowell.
Wm. H. Kimball, 18, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Andrew Liddell, 23, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Thos. J. Leighton, 21, Lowell.
S. Augustus Lenfest, 21, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Randolph C. Lord, 27, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Benj. C. Lane, 20, Lowell.
Wm. A. Morris, 21, Lowell.
John R. Moore, 20, Lowell.
Thos. A. McMasters, 28, Southboro.
Lucius I. McMasters, 26, Southboro.
Granville K. McAlvin, 27, Lowell.
Paul Paulus, 28, Lowell; 2d Lieut, 6th Mass., 100 Days, 1864.
Edward P. Pearson, 28, Lowell ; 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery; killed,
George G. Perry, 20, Lowell.
John H. Prescott, 21, Lowell.
Albert J. Pike, 29, Lowell.
Chas. H. Parmenter, 24, Lowell.
Edward E. Reed, 34, Lowell.
Chas. H. Richardson, 20, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 Days, 1864.
Geo. H. Richardson, 18, Lowell.
Joseph H. Rines, 21, Lowell.
Aaron W. Scales, 43, Low^ell; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Samuel E. Stearns, 25, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Alfred A. Sawyer, 21, Lowell.
Ahnon S. Senter, 18, Tewksbury ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 283
Wm. H. Spalding, 21, Lowell; Q. M. Sergt., 6th Mass., 100
Martin F. Spalding, 18, Tcwksbury ; Com y. 2d U. S. Colored
Cavalry ; brigade and division Com y.
Frederic J. Small, 23, Lowell; was in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ;
15th Mass. Battery.
Chas. Spencer, 21, Lowell.
Joseph H. Sears, 24, Plymouth.
John Spencer, 19, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Albert S. Stackpole, 20, Tewksbury.
Wm II. Townsend, 22, Lowell.
John F. Townsend, 19, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Wm. A. Underwood, 18, Lowell ; in Navy, subsequently.
Geo. W. Wifjgin, 21, Carlisle.
John C. Watkins, 21, Lowell.
Chas. W. Wilder, 25, Lowell.
Augustus W. Weeks, 29, Lowell.
Harvey Weld, 24, Lowell.
COMPANY H, LOWELL.
In 3 months, 1861. Disbanded, 1865.
Captain, RODNEY C. FERSOX, -28, Lowell.
1st Lieutenant, CHARLES E. POOR, 31, Lowell ; Sergt. in 6th Mass.
3 months; 59th Mass.; wounded, Petersburg; 1st
Lieut. U. S. Colored Infantry, March, 1864.
2d Lieutenant, ALBERT FINDER, 21, Lowell ; 6th Mass. 3 months,
1861; 2d Lieut, in 59th Mass., April, 1864; Capt.
in March, 1865.
1st Sergeant, CHAS. F. ROLFE, 29, Lowell; 6th Mass., 3 months,
284 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Sergeant, ALBERT C. WILKINS, 21, Lowell.
" JAMES G. MAXFIELD, 24, Lowell ; in navy.
" JOHN H.NOURSE, 22, Lowell ; 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861.
" CHARLES FINDER, 28, Lowell.
Corporal, LEVI BROWN, 41, Lowell ; 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861.
" JOSEPH H. TRASK, 35, Lowell.
" CHAS. E. RJCKER, 26, Lowell; Co C, 6th Mass., 100
" GEO. H. FOSTER, 20, Lowell; deceased.
" HENRY P. PARKER, 20, Lowell.
" WM. H. CARGILL, 22, Lowell.
" JOHN O GRADY, 22, Lowell.
Musician, MARSHAL M. HAYDEN, 14, Lowell
" ALBERT G. HAYDEN, 17, Lowell. t
Wagoner, EDWIN LEAVITT, 31.
Chas. E. Bartlett, 18, Lowell.
Jas. H. Burnham, 19, Lowell ; Co. C, 6th Mass , 100 days, 1864.
Samuel D. Butterworth, 23, Lowell.
Martin J. Brown, 29, Lowell.
Ira T. Bowles, 32, Lowell; Killed in action, May 15, 1863.
Michael Caine, 29, Lowell.
David Carr, 26, Lowell.
Francis Campbell, 32, Lowell; Mass. 59th, Jan., 1864.
James Cassidy, 27, Lowell.
Roscoe G. Crowell, 25, Lowell ; Co. C. 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864.
Daniel Corr, 23, Lowell.
Chas. F. Clark, 22, Lowell; wounded in arm, May 15, 1863 ; 2d
. Lieut, 78th U. S. Colored Infantry, Jan., 1864.
Henry Dodge, 24, Lowell.
Geo. A. Daniels, 19, Lowell.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 2<So
Chas. H. Danforth, 24, Lowell.
John F. Dix, 18, Lowell.
James P. Emerson, 19, Chelmsford.
J. Chandler Eastman, 33, Lowell.
Wm. T. Eager, 22, Lowell.
Geo. H. Fleer, 26, Lowell.
Wm. S. Flemming, 20, Lowell.
Maurice S. Ferrin, 32, Lowell.
John Flood, 24, Lowell.
William B. Farwell, 18, Lowell.
Edward Frazer, 33, Lowell; slightly wounded, May 15, 1863
Rufus B. Gardner, 28, Lowell.
George W. Garland, 20, Lowell ; discharged for disability ; died
Daniel E. Hardy, 25, Lowell.
Charles F. Hatch, 20, Lowell.
George R. Hussey, 34, Lowell.
George F. Hustwick, 23, Lowell.
Alvin F. Haines, 35, Lowell.
Hiram E. Hartford, 32, Lowell; slightly wounded, May 15, 1863
Lawrence Hayes, 28, Lowell.
Alexander Hastings, 28, Lowell.
Thomas Hardy, 38, Lowell.
Samuel Handlen, 22, Lowell.
John H. Haggett, 21, Lowell; 6th Mass., 100 days.
Edward Hutchinson, 26, Lowell.
William M. Haynes, 28, Lowell.
William A. Johnson, 37, Lowell.
Jeiferson P. Kennerson, 29, Lowell.
Almon Libby, 24, Lowell.
David B. L. Lamson, 20, Lowell ; Co. C, 6th Mass. 100 days, 18G4.
Samuel G. Ladd, 32, Lowell.
28G THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Charles E. Lovrien, 18, Lowell ; Co. C, 6th Mass., TOO days, 1864.
Patrick E. Lowney, 24, Lowell.
Dennis Lynch, 36, Lowell.
Peter Leslie, 44, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Frederick Munn, 29, Lowell.
Charles Morse, 22, Lowell.
George Murkland, 20, Lowell.
John Moulton, 19, Lowell.
James Mullen, 26, Lowell.
Patrick Murtagh, 33, Lowell.
Thomas McCarthy, 27, Lowell.
James McKnight, 23, Lowell.
George F. Nowell, 22, Lowell.
Azor Northrop, 23, Lowell.
Silas D. Newcomb, 29, Lowell.
Lafayette T. Newell, 40, Lowell.
Alonzo Putnam, 28, Lowell.
Jonathan Park, 27, Lowell.
Thomas E. Ross, 24, Lowell.
John Rose, 22, Lowell.
Lawrence Roach, 25, Lowell.
Philip Riley, 19, Lowell.
Jacob Saunders, 21, Lowell.
William A. Smith, 31, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
James H. Smith, 20, Tewksbury.
Nathaniel Shackfbrd, 25, Lowell.
Francis R. Scales, 34, Lowell.
John Shortall, 34, Billerica.
Benjamin F. Tracy, 23, Lowell
Alfred Taylor, 28, Lowell.
Edwin Wells, 22, Lowell.
Zalmura Washington, 28, Lowell.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 287
Michael Whooley, 34, Lowell ; 7th Mass. Battery.
Henry Wright, 21, Lowell.
COMPANY I, LAWRENCE.
In Three Months, 1861. Also, it was recruited by Capt. Ham
ilton, in 1864, for Ninety Days service at Galloupe s Island
. Coast Service.
Captain, AUGUSTINE L. HAMILTON, 26, Lawrence ; 2d Lieut. 6th
Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 90 days, 1864, Galloupe s
First Lieutenant, EBEN H. ELLENWOOD, 24, Lawrence; 3d Lieut.
6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 90 days, 1865, Gal
loupe s Island.
Second Lieutenant, ROBERT H. BARR, 22, Lawrence ; Corp. in
6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; killed, Tanner s Ford,
Dec. 12, 1862.
" " FREDERIC G. TYLER, 27, Lawrence; Corp.
in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; Galloupe s Island
1864 ; promoted from Sergt ; Capt. in 1865.
1st Sergeant, SURRILL FLINT, 24, Lawrence ; in 3 months, 1861.
Sergeant, JAMES S. KNIGHTS, 26, Lawrence; in 3 months 1861.
" FORREST B. CHAMBERLAIN, 30, Lawrence.
" CHARLES H. TRUEWORTHY, 36, Lawrence.
" LAROY A. DEARBORN, 19, Brown s Corner, Me. ; 90
days, 1864, Galloupe s Island.
Corporal, JEREMIAH DINEEN, 18, Lawrence.
" JAMES S. ROBERTS, 25. Lawrence ; Lieut, in Co. I,
" URANUS LAWRY, 29, Lawrence; in 6th Mass., 3
288 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
" JOHN G. ROBINSON, 26, Lawrence ; in 6th Mass., 100
" FRANK H. MORRILL, 26, Lawrence.
" JOHN M. HARMON, 19, Maiden.
" LEWIS GRANT, 31, Lawrence.
" DANIEL B. SIMPSON, 21, Lawrence.
" JAMES R. HODGE, 26, Lawrence ; discharged, disabil
ity, Dec. 27th, 1862.
Musician, STEPHEN M. COLBY, 19, Lawrence; in 2d Mass.
" JOSEPH B. STEVENS, 16,Pepperell ; taken prisoner at
Hebron Ch., May 15th, 1863.
Wagoner, SMITH VAUGHN, 17, Lawrence; Sergt. in 59th Mass.
Christian Adler, 41, Lawrence.
Daniel G. Bracket, 42, Lawrence.
George Blanchard, 30, New Portland, Me.; died, disease, 1864.
Matthew Connor, 18, Lawrence.
John Cain, 18, Lawrence.
Seth F. Clark, 1 9, West Buxton, Me.
George W. Colburn, 19, Lawrence.
Frank T. Crocker, 18, Lawrence; in Navy.
Patrick Curtin, 18, Lawrence.
John J. Carroll, 21, Lawrence.
William Casey, 50, Lawrence.
Orrin S. Carlisle, 24, Lawrence.
Thomas Cochran, 26, Lawrence.
James R. Cole, 39, Bradford.
Robert Comberbeach, 32, Westford.
Charles G. Connor, 39, Lawrence; discharged, disability, Dec. 31,
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 289
Frederic W. Crocker, 18, Lawrence ; discharged, disability, Sept.
Patrick Doherty, 44, Lawrence.
Simeon S. Dean, 34, Lawrence.
Edward Dunn, 30, Lawrence.
Charles T. Ellenwood, 19, Lawrence ; re-enlisted.
James Fleming, 18, Lawrence.
Ira Frye, 27, Lawrence,
Wm. K. Foster, 32, Lawrence ; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ;
llth Unattached Art., 1864.
James W. Fitz, 29.
William Graham, 18, Lawrence.
Frank A. Gordon, 19.
Patrick Gallagher, 21, Lawrence.
John F. Hogan, 21, North Andover.
William Harrison, 18, Lawrence.
Charles M. Harriman, 18, Lawrence.
Eli Howaith, 25, Lawrence.
Ivory P. Hanscomb, 27, Lawrence.
Andrew L. Hodge, 21, Lawrence.
Henry Holroyd, 38, Lawrence.
Joseph D. Hill, 40, Andover; furlough expired, April 22d, 1863.
James W. Joyce, 21, Lawrence.
George A. Knowles, 18, Lawrence.
Daniel Leary, 19, Lawrence.
James H. Larrabee, 32, Lawrence.
Andrew Larrigan, 21, Lawrence.
Mark Lundy, 28, Lawrence.
Charles E. Locke, 18, Lawrence ; 8th Co., Unattached Heavy
Calvin McCrillis, 37, Lawrence.
Amos E. Maynard, 19, Lawrence.
290 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Patrick McAleer, 18, Lawrence.
Thomas Manning, 35, Lawrence ; 30th Mass., died Aug. 1862.
John McCarthy, 25, Lawrence.
Patrick McCarthy, 19, Lawrence.
John A. S. McGowan, 19, Lawrence.
James McAloon, 20, Lawrence.
Wm. W. May, 24, Andover; llth Unattached Heavy Art., dis
charged, Aug. 1st, 1864.
James McQuaid, 26, Lawrence.
Philip Moglain, 22, Lawrence.
Dennis McCarthy, 22, Lawrence ; killed by a tree, Jan. 27, 1863.
Charles H. Newbert, 21, Lawrence.
John O Connor, 21, Lawrence.
La Forrest Parmenter, 19, China, Me.
James Parton, 34, Lawrence.
John Parks, 40, Lawrence.
Wm.I. Patterson, 33, Lawrence ; in 6th Mass., 3 months ; in 25th
Mass., from Sept.^ 1861, to June, 1862; Unattached Art.
1864; discharged, disability, June, 1865.
John F. Reynolds, 18, Lawrence.
Patrick Rossi tter, 18, Lawrence.
Kneeland Sibley, 36, Lawrence.
Charles Smith, 18, Lawrence.
Joseph H. Saffbrd, 22, Lawrence.
Frank L. Smith, 18, Lawrence.
Wm. P. Smith, 44, Lawrence; in 90 days, 1864, Galloupe s
William Smith, 23, Lawrence.
Edwin D. Sprague, 22, Lawrence.
Joseph C. Varnum, 18, Lawrence.
Augustus Wagner, 18, Lawrence.
Charles Whittier, 88, Lawrence.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 291
Arthur O. Waterman, 19, Lawrence.
Edward K. Walker, 26, Lawrence.
James Walsh, 18, Lawrence.
George Westhall, 18, Lawrence.
John Wolf, 42, Lawrence.
Ernest Wagner, 21, Lawrence.
Ferdinand Wagner, 26, Lawrence.
COMPANY K, DRACUT, CHELMSFORD, &c.
This company was raised expressly for the Sixth Regi
ment, and the nine months campaign, in Lowell and the
neighboring towns, and was disbanded on returning home,
after a creditable service to the country.
Captain, CHARLES E. A. BARTLETT, 26, Boston; slightly injured
at Deserted House, Jan. 30, 1863.
First Lieutenant, WILLIAM F. WOOD, Acton ; formerly in 26th
Mass. ; discharged for disability ; slightly wounded
at Deserted House, Jan. 30, 1863 ; now Sergt. in 3d
Mass. Heavy Art.
Second Lieutenant, SHAPLKIGH MORGAN, 26, Dracut.
First Sergeant, CHARLES A. BARKER, 21, Chelmsford ; llth Vt. 3
months; formerly in 2d Maine ; subsequently Lieut.
in Maine Heavy Artillery.
Sergeant, GEO. A. W. VINAL, 28, Andover ; 14th Mass., discharged
for disability previous to 9 months ; afterwards in
59th Mass. Vols.
" JONA. S. DAVIS, 29, Dracut.
" ABNER D. HOLT, 23, Chelmsford.
" CHARLES H. SWEENEY, 23, Lowell; 5th Mass., 3
292 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
Corporal, JOSIAII R. FLETCHER, 40, Chelmsford.
" ROLLIN PERKINS, 18, Methuen ; Co. B, 6th Mass., .100
" EDWIN BOWMAN, 38, Billerica.
" WILLIAM T. WILSON, 18, Dracut.
" EDWARD E. LAPHAM, 21, Chelmsford.
" ALBERT O. DAVIDSON, 21, Dracut.
" WILLIAM E. CLARK, 23, Chelsea.
" MILO J. PROCTOR, 21, Chelmsford ; discharged for
disability, Nov. 16, 1862.
u HENRY S. PERHAM, 18, Chelmsford ; discharged for
disability; Co. B, 6th Mass., 100 days.
Musician, ARTHUR JONES, 16, Lowell.
Wagoner, ROSWELL S. BURNHAM, 40, Lowell.
Stillman Byam, 44, Chelmsford.
Daniel P. Byam, 20, Chelmsford ; Signal Corps, U. S. Army.
George A. Byam, 18, Chelmsford.
George F. Butterfield, 18, Winchester ; Co. B, 6th Mass. 100 days.
Richard Burns, 38, Tewksbury.
James L. Boston, 24, Chelmsford.
Kirk H. Bancroft, 23, Dracut ; Asst. Surgeon in U. S. Navy, on
Patrick Buckmaster, 21, Chelmsford.
John Buckley, 42, Billerica.
George W. Bridges, 18, Lowell.
Michael Burrows, 26, Billerica.
John T. Billings, 26, Lowell ; promoted Com. Sergt., Feb. 1, 1863.
Dennis Crehen, 22, Dracut.
John Crehen, 24, Dracut.
Thomas Carney, 45, Westport.
THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN. 293
John H. Colburn, 24, Dracut ; discharged for disability, Jan. 29
Charity L. Dunn, 21, Chelmsford ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery.
Joseph V. Danforth, 31, Billerica.
Alonzo A. Davis, 33, Chelmsford.
Elijah N. Day, 23, Chelmsford ; 4th Mass. Cavalry; dead.
Benjamin F. Day, 31, Chelmsford.
Herbert H. Emerson, 20, Chelmsford.
Amos B. French, 18, Ghelmsford.
Charles F. Fletcher, 18, Chelmsford.
John P. Fisher, 20, Billerica.
George U. Gragg, 30, Billerica ; U. S. Navy.
Byron H. Griswold, 18, Dracut.
Joseph Hallo well, 21, Dracut.
Henry H. Ingalls, 21, Chelmsford.
Franklin Jaquith, Jr., 23, Billerica; Co. D, 6th Mass., 100 days ;
also in Navy, 1864-5.
Nelson E. Jewett, 23, Chelmsford.
Nathan B. Lapham, 23, Chelmsford.
Thomas Lines, 21, Dracut; wounded, Hebron Church, May 15,
Daniel Murphy, 35, Billerica.
Dennis Murphy, 33, Billerica; 30th Mass.
John McEvany, 21, Chelmsford.
Michael McNulty, 41, Billerica; 8th Infantry U. S. Army, 4|
years previous to 9 months.
John McCarthy, 26, Billerica.
Henry E. Putnam, 36, Chelmsford.
John Parkhurst, 3d., 35, Chelmsford.
George A. Parkhurst, 29, Chelmsford ; Co. B, 6th Mass., 100 dajs.
Amos A. Parkhurst, 19, Chelmsford.
John Pierce, 18, Chelmsford.
294 THE NINE MONTHS CAMPAIGN.
James B. Peck, 18, Westford; 4th Mass. Cavalry.
Peter Pendergast, 38, Lowell.
Oliver Pasho, 24, Billerica; discharged for disability, March
Hiram F. Russell, 34, Billerica.
Charles F. Reed, 27, Chelmsford.
Charles L. Richardson, 38, Billerica.
John Reall, 21, Dracut; taken prisoner, May 3, 1863.
Benjamin Sharp, 25, Billerica.
Henry Sharp, 35, Chelmsford.
William H. Smith, 23, Billerica ; slightly wounded, Jan. 3, 1863, at
Deserted House ; 59th Mass.
Henry W. Stravens, 21, Chelmsford.
Jesse A. Sargent, 38, Lunenburg.
Edward Sullivan, 18, Chelmsford.
Peter K. Staples, 37, Dracut.
Elbridge Stearns, 25, Billerica; 15th Mass. Battery.
Hudson F. Smiley, 21, Chelmsford.
George A. Seaver, 18, Tewksbury.
John T. Smith, 23, Tewksbury.
James Welch, 30, Dracut.
Jonathan Wright, 36, Chelmsford.
John Webb, 32, Dracut; discharged for disability Jan. 29, 1863.
THE ONE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
HE last campaign of the Sixth was very brief,
and equally monotonous. There was a hiatus
between the expiration of the time of some of
the veteran regiments and the coming in of new
organizations for three years, when the govern
ment called for regiments for one hundred days.
There were several of the State militia organizations anx
ious to respond, five of which came forward promptly,
within a week or two of each other. The first one
ready, as usual, was the Sixth. Its services were of
fered to the government early in July, and accepted ;
and it took camp July 13, in Readville, Lieut.-Col.
Beal commanding the companies as fast as they arrived.
The companies were mustered in the following order:
Co. K, on the 14th ; Cos. A, I, and G, on the 15th ; Cos.
C, F, D, and H, on the 16th ; Co. B, on the 17th, and Co.
E, on the 19th. The colonel, lieutenant-colonel, adjutant,
surgeon, and first assistant-surgeon were mustered on the
17th, and the time of service dated from the 20th, on
298 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
which day it left camp, with thirty-six officers and nine
hundred and ninety-four enlisted men. It immediately
proceeded to Washington, via Groton, Conn., New York,
Philadelphia, and Baltimore, arriving in the capital on
the 22d. The reception in Baltimore, on this its third
march through the monumental city towards the South,
was very gratifying ; and the officers were assured that
their command was distinguished for its excellence of de
portment, among the six hundred thousand who at that
time had passed " through Baltimore."
After remaining all night at the Soldiers Rest, the
regiment reported to Gen. De Russey, at Fort Corcoran,
and was ordered into camp, in shelter-tents, in the rear
of Fort C. F. Smith, on Arlington Heights, in old Vir
ginia, a most magnificent position, with a full view of
the Potomac and Washington, about a mile from the
Aqueduct Bridge. Here the regiment remained, without
special incident, for the most part broiling in the torrid
heat of July and August, until August 21st. One day
regularly followed its twin brother, having similar duties
for the soldier, with an occasional drill or inspection, and
fatigue duty in bushwhacking, that is, clearing and
burning brush in neighboring ravines. On each Sabbath
the regiment, in a body, attended divine service, before
headquarters ; and during several evenings of each week,
devotional meetings were held in the company streets.
The intense heat often 110-120, in the shade
induced a great deal of illness, which, however, was but
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 299
slight, only one member of the regiment having died at
Arlington, private W. J. Conn, of Co. H. His illness,
pneumonia, was very brief, and his death very sudden,
on the 9th of August. He was a resident of Brooklyn,
N. Y. His body was embalmed and sent to his friends.
July 25th, Adjutant T. 0. Allen was elected major,
by a vote of twenty-five out of thirty ballots cast. And
August 1st, First Lieut. E. C. Coleman, of Co. F, was
appointed adjutant. August 4th, the chaplain arrived,
and entered on his duties.
When off duty, and the weather permitted, the time
was improved by many in visiting Washington ; and
when the weather was insufferable, we lay under our can.
vas roofs, waiting and wondering if government had
nothing for us to do ; when we were startled and pleased
by orders to move, with three days rations ; and, accord
ingly, August 21st, we turned our faces homeward.
Our voyage was not eventful, though, of course, in pass
ing through the Quaker City, we could not escape a
Philadelphia welcome, which, to a soldier who has expe
rienced it, means hospitality of the most generous char
acter. The Sixth had now been entertained in Philadel
phia, at the Cooper Saloon, five times, and each greeting
seemed better than its predecessor. It was the season
of fruit, and a soldier of the Sixth could scarcely find a
market for his money, or room for the bounties lavished
August 23d, the regiment reached Fort Delaware,
300 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
Del., by the steamer Major Reybold, and went into ex
cellent barracks, where, during the remainder of their
time of service, they were comfortably quartered.
Fort Delaware is a fine fortification, on Pea-Patch
Island, about midway between the New Jersey and Del
aware shores, some forty miles below Philadelphia, in
the Delaware River. It is pierced for three hundred
guns, and had, besides our regiment, three batteries, to
work the guns and guard some nine thousand graybacks.
We relieved "the One Hundred and Fifty Seventh Ohio
Hundred Days Regiment, and immediately commenced
guard duty. Our barracks were nearly all new, and
were very convenient and comfortable ; and everything
was done that a soldier could ask, or had a right to ex
pect, to render us well situated, and to make our resi
dence on the island pleasant, by the commander of the
post, Brig.-Gen. A. Schoepf. The almost entire absence
of that red tape with which so many anxious officers en
tangle their own and everybody s feet contributed not a
little to our enjoyment.
The duties of the regiment consisted in standing guard
at the various posts on the island, in and around the bar
racks ; in escorting squads of prisoners that were at
work in improving the island with new buildings, reno
vating old ones, cleansing the ground, and hauling mili
tary stores about the island ; and assisting at the arrival
and departure of prisoners.
All the married officers of the field and staff, and some
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 301
of the company officers, were accompanied by their fam
ilies ; and thus a delightful social condition was enjoyed,
never for an instant marred by an inharmonious word.
Indeed, the most of us look back on the days at Fort
Delaware as among the pleasantest of our lives. The
only drawback was the lack of incident, and the indolence
that necessarily belonged to such a service, on the sunny
side of war.
A fine library, a billiard-room, and frequent visits to
Wilmington, Newcastle, and other places on the main
land, helped to break up the monotony.
A gem of Gothic architecture had been erected by
Gen. Schoepf, to conserve the religious interests of those
who should be stationed at the post; and the chapel was
regularly open on the Sabbath twice, and the chaplain of
the Sixth officiated once each Sabbath.
A great many interesting incidents connected with our
intercourse with rebel prisoners might be related, had we
space. But it need only be said that our charge was
kept perfectly safe, and that not an attempt to escape was
made during our stay. Our boys seemed to cherish not
a spark of ill-will toward their captured enemies, and
yet, in the discharge of their duty not one of them would
have hesitated a moment to shoot one who should be
insubordinate. The pleasantest relations existed between
us, and, so far as the regulations allowed, agreeable
intercourse was had. A personal incident may illus
trate. I was one day near a rebel officer, when I said,
302 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
" From what State do you come ? " " From South
Carolina," was the reply. " Give me your hand," said I ;
" I am from Massachusetts, and if men from South Caro
lina and Massachusetts cannot sympathize, who can?"
" Sure enough," said he, and a pleasant acquaintance was
the result. Many trinkets wrought by rebel ingenuity
were carried home, and will long be kept as mementoes
of the place. 1
I desire these pages to be among the many witnesses
that are to relate to posterity the treatment our authori
ties manifested to their prisoners, while our poor fellows
in the hands of the enemy were the victims of barbarities
that should disgrace Fegee Islanders. I can testify
that our prisoners at Fort Delaware were fed, clothed,
sheltered, and treated every way with the utmost kind
ness, when well, and that when sick, there was no per
ceptible difference between their clothing and fare and
that of our own men. A visit to our hospitals, from
Washington to Florida, qualifies me to say that the treat
ment received by the rebels in the hospital at Fort Del
aware was far above that of the average in Federal
Here we found, as we ever have, the prevalence of in
temperance among officers from which our own regi-
1 Among the visitors to the island was a distinguished Union exile, Rev.
Dr, Junkins, President of the University of Virginia, and father-in-law of
Stonewall Jackson, and author of a powerful work, entitled ; Fallacies of
Secession," leaves of which he distributed among rebel prisoners as army
tracts. He preached in the chapel, and spoke in our company prayer
meetings, to the great satisfaction of his hearers.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 303
mental officers were remarkably exempt to be a prevail
ing sin. Had our men and officers been like many in the
garrison, the rebels would have had very little difficulty
in overpowering their guardians at any time. Gen.
Schoepf, however, and Capt. Clark, commissary, are
honorable exceptions to this remark.
The weather was a great improvement on that in Vir
ginia, and the health of the men began to improve ;
though the prevalence of the small-pox, in the rebel bar
racks and in the garrison, excited no little apprehension.
The Sabbath was particularly observed. Not even a
mail arrived on that day, no military duty, except dress
parade, company inspection, and guard duty, was re
quired, and the day approached nearer a New England
Sunday than the regiment had ever found in camp. Be
sides public service in the chapel, several social meetings
were usually held, and a remarkable quiet and decorum
The most important event that broke the tedium of
garrison life was the arrival and departure of prisoners.
They usually came from recent battles, often wounded
and sick, and generally ragged and dirty ; and I have
often seen them, when exchanged, receive shoes and
clothing from our officers ; while the physical appearance
of those taken from the hospital was in great contrast
to those who came. Indeed, the food given them, both
in quantity and quality, was excellent.
On Monday, Sept. 5th, J. H. Dodge, of Co. I, died,
304 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
quite suddenly and unexpectedly, of diphtheria. His
body was embalmed, and, after impressive funeral ser
vices, it was sent home to his friends, He was an excel
lent man and a faithful soldier. On the 13th, private Geo.
W. Thacher, of Co. H, Boston, died of chronic diarrhoea.
He incurred his death during the heat of Arlington
Heights. He died full of Christian hope and faith,
saying, " I am anxious to live, but willing to die." His
funeral was both military and masonic, and his body was
embalmed and sent home to Boston. He was the only
son of his mother, and she a widow, and was one of the
many noble young men of the first families of Boston and
New England, whose deeds of self-sacrifice in this great
struggle will immortalize their names.
September 21, Assistant-Surgeon Sargent, recently
appointed, arrived, and entered on the performance of
On the 27th, John Long, of Co. D, died of confluent
small-pox. So malignant was his disease that no one
was permitted to visit him, and he was buried on the
main land, on the Jersey shore.
September 29th, Assistant-Surgeon Bass went home
sick, and did not return during the campaign. 1
1 During this, and the previous campaign, the regiment was under great
obligations to the United States Sanitary Commission, the Good Samar
itan on a war footing, whose munificent sanitary supplies were priceless
blessings to our sick. The Massachusetts Agency, under direction of Col.
Gardner Tufts, one of the most excellent institutions, managed by one of
the most efficient of men, also conferred great favors.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 305
October 19th, the regiment was relieved by a Del
aware regiment, and embarked for home. After a repe
tition of Philadelphia hospitality Jfind treatment in New
York, and a pleasant though somewhat long journey, we
reached Boston, October 21st, and were released for a
few days, to report at the camp in Readville, October
24th ; and were mustered out of the United States ser
vice, the 27th.
The third campaign of the regiment was not eventful,
and yet it was a contribution to the service of the coun
try of no small importance.
This was the value of the regiments raised for the brief
period of a hundred days : they held important posi
tions until new men came in, to take the places of those
whose term had expired ; and for the time being each
man was of as much worth to the government as any
other. Besides, many of them could leave important
positions at home for so brief a period, who could not
have been obtained for a longer time. On the whole,
the call for the " hundred days men " was a judicious
one ; and each soldier who served his country for that
brief season can always feel that he has done something
for his country in her hour of need.
The regiment separated with the most kindly mutual
feelings ; and most of us will always look back on the
brief campaign with feelings of satisfaction. Many of
the officers and men again entered the service, and were
heard from as rendering gallant service to their country.
306 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
On leaving Fort Delaware, the general commanding
issued the following order :
9 HEAD-QUARTERS, FORT DELAWARE^ )
Del., October 18, 1864. [
SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 366.
The commanding general, in taking leave of the officers and
men of the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, desires to extend to
them his congratulations upon their gentlemanly and correct
soldierly bearing, and assure them of his well wishes and kind
remembrance, for the manner in which they performed their each
and several duties, while at this post ; and his confidence that in
the future, as in the past, they will be ever ready and prompt at
the call of their country s need.
By command of Brig.-Gen. A. SCHOEPF.
HENRY WARNER, Lieut, and Post-Adjt.
[The author found his allotted space so encroached
upon, that he was obliged to omit much matter concerning
this campaign, which otherwise he would have inserted.]
FIELD AND STAFF.
Colonel ALBERT S. FOLLANSBEE, Lowell ; Capt Co. C, 6th
Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; Col. 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-3.
Lieutenant-Colonel MELVIN BEAL, Lawrence ; Lieut, and
Capt. Co. F, 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; Lieut.-Col. 6th Mass.,
9 months, 1862-3.
Major THOS. O. ALLEN, Lowell; Sergt. Co. C, 6th Mass.,
3 months, 1861 ; Adjut. 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-3.
Surgeon WALTER BURNHAM, Lowell ; Surgeon 6th Mass.,
9 months, 1862-3.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 307
Chaplain JOHN WESLEY HANSON, Haver hill; Chaplain in
6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-3.
Adjutant EDMUND COFFIN COLEMAN, Boston; promoted
from Lieut., Co. F.
Quartermaster WM. E. FARRAR, Lowell; Lieut., 7th Mass.
Assistant Surgeon WM. BASS, Lowell.
" GEORGE SARGENT, Lawrence.
Sergeant Major SAMUEL W. GRIMES, Lowell ; 6th Mass.
9 months, 1862-3.
Quartermaster Sergeant WILLIAM H. SPAULDING, Lowell ;
6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-3.
Commissary Sergeant ORFORD R. BLOOD, Lowell.
Hospital Steivard HENRY S. Wooos-Lowell.
COMPANY A, BOSTON.
Still a military organization.
This brief sketch was furnished by a member of the
Company A was composed mostly of young men en
gaged in mercantile pursuits, who felt that they could
ill afford a long military campaign; but having, as our
honored governor calls it, " cannon on the brain," they
cheerfully responded to the call for troops to garrison
fortifications in the vicinity of Washington, esteeming it
a great privilege to bear some humble part in suppress
ing the rebellion.
It was recruited with great despatch, by Capt. Joseph
308 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
M. Coombs and First and Second Lieuts. Moses
Briggs and George A. Chipman ; the first two gentlemen
were then, and are now, lieutenants in the Boston Police
Department ; the third was then, and is now, engaged in
extensive business with his father.
The recruiting office was at Tremont Temple, the
trustees of this edifice kindly giving its use for this
purpose, while the patriotic appeals of Rev. Justin D.
Fulton, pastor of the church worshipping there, greatly
encouraged the rapid enlistments which enabled the
company to complete its required number in forty-eight
hours, with its officers commissioned, and ready for duty.
For the. interest taken in their behalf, it was voted
that our company be called the Temple Guards.
JBefore leaving Camp Meigs, nearly the whole company
signed the temperance pledge, and there was also insti
tuted a weekly prayer-meeting, which was continued
throughout the term of enlistment, with much profit to
the members of the company. Its own officers, the
chaplain, and others in the regiment, were frequent visit
ors, and often took a part in these interesting services.
When the regiment moved to Fort Delaware, the meetings
were held in the ample company mess-room, the walls of
which were decorated with mottoes and inscriptions, such
as " Temple Guards," " The Union, it must and shall be
preserved," u God is love," " In union there is strength, "
" Get thee up, eat and drink, for there is a sound of an
abundance," " Wisdom is better than weapons of war,"
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 309
" Better is a dinner of herbs, where love is, than a stalled
ox and hatred therewith," " Geo. Washington," " Col.
Follansbee," " Capt. Coombs."
The musical talent of the company was brought into
requisition, by some of the members giving a number of
interesting concerts, vocal and instrumental combined ;
the melody was rich, the harmony good, the audience
select, and the entertainment satisfactory.
No death occurred in our ranks ; but the insatiate
archer, who " loves a shining mark," on the 16th of Oc
tober, pierced the clayey tenement of Joseph H. Coombs,
aged nine years, our captain s only son. He came out
with his mother to spend a few days at the Fort, when
a fatal disease carried him beyond the bounds of time.
The grief of the parents was assuaged by the sympa
thy extended to them by the Hospital, Post, and Regi
mental chaplains, and other friends.
In this brief review it can be said in justice to our
selves, that our company became quite proficient in mil
itary tactics, under the thorough instruction of our ac
While some of our company would not pass a rigid
surgical examination, being exempt from draft, and in
no way to be compared with the bronzed and scarred
veterans of many campaigns, yet all rejoiced that we
were counted worthy, by the mustering-in officer, to be"
enrolled in the Union army, and to march under our
glorious national emblem, and to adopt the sentiment
310 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
uttered many years ago by an eminent statesman, " Our
country, bounded by the Sabine and the St. John, or
however otherwise bounded, cherished in all our hearts,
defended by all our hands."
Captain, JOSEPH M. COOMBS, age 39.
First Lieutenant, MOSES BRIGGS, 40.
Second Lieutenant, GEORGE A. CHIPMAN, 21 ; 9 months, 45th
Sergeant, FREDERICK T. VOLEKERS, 22 ; 22 months in Navy ; 8
months, 2d Mass.
" A. POMERY BRIGGS, 22.
" HENRY A.WALKER, 20; 15 months, 5th Maine: 12
months, 47th Mass. 2
" ALPHEUS F. JENKINS, 18; 9 months, 47th Mass; sub
sequently in the service, at the capture of Richmond.
" Lucius ALLEN, Jr., 26.
Corporal, WM. W. MERSHON, 22; 3 months, 47th N. Y.; 9
months, 167th N. Y. ; 30 days, 71st N. Y.
" ALBERT LEAVITT, 21 ; 9 months, 8th Mass.
" N. HENRY STEVENS, 23.
" DAVID S. GREEN, 40 ; 12 years in English Army.
" SAMUEL BEECHER, 23.
" ALDEN D. WELLINGTON, 25.
" ISAAC E. HERSEY, 25.
" CHARLES F. HOLT, 25.
1 The Forty Fifth Massachusetts, the " Cadet Eegiment," Col. Codman,
was organized during the autumn of 1862, and served an honorable cam
paign in North Carolina, till June, 1863.
2 The Forty Seventh Massachusetts received marching orders Nov. 29,
1862, and reached New Orleans Dec. 31, and performed guard and provost
duty in that vicinity till it left for home, Aug. 5, 1863.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 311
William H. Bacon, 20.
Charles H. Butler, 19 ; 12 months in 50th Mass.
Charles F. Batchelder, 19 ; 14 months in 168th N. Y.
Henry P. Brown, 20. Christopher T. Braizer, 18.
Elbridge M. Bickford, 30. Sylvanus Bullard, 20.
Sumner T. Bradbury, 18. William H. Bartlett, 20.
Oliver Burnham, 18. Oscar S. Bigelow, 20.
George A. Conn, 20. William F. Corson, 18; in the navy.
George E. Cox, 18. Hiram W. Cheeney, 25.
Joseph S. Corliss, 22. George R. Gate, 18.
William A. Cline, 18. Timothy F. Crane, 18.
George W. Conant, 22. Charles H. Daniel, 28.
Horace Drew, 20. Edward H. Drew, 19.
Daniel Durning, 18. Albert H. Dunn, 32.
John M. Elliot, 24 ; subsequently reenlisted.
Joseph L. Eldridge, 34. Francis W. Ellis, 20.
Alexander B. French, 20. John M. Fisk, 19.
George B. Frazer, 21. Eugene Gardner, 18.
George H. Gardiner, 18. William H. Gilman, 19; 9 months,
42d Mass. 1
Francis W. Hickson, 1 9. George B. Hubbard, 44.
David Higgins, 36. George Holbrook, 18 ; reenlisted; lost an arm
Albert E. Hawes, 2t. H. Waldo Howe, 18.
Henry Howe, 45. Frederick P. Jaques, 18.
Charles H. Johnson, 18. Dudley C. Kidder, 19.
1 The Forty Second Massachusetts, Col. Burrill, was the old Second, a
Boston Regiment, and was organized Nov. 6, 1862, and left in transports
for New Orleans early in December. After great dangers by sea, it ar
rived. A portion was captured in Texas, and kept prisoners a long time,
and the rest served the balance of its nine months in the campaign near
312 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
Jeremiah Kelliher, 20. Saml. Leadbetter, 28 ; in the navy.
Charles S. Lord, 21. George W. Little, 18.
James H. Matthews, 30. Bernard McCabe, 22.
Geo. A. Mason, 18. Ira K. Messer, 21.
John P. Martin, 20. Hiram McLaughlin, 19.
Geo. H. Prentiss, 18. John B. Pickett, 18.
David B. Pillsbury, 25. Wm. A. Roberts, 21.
Chas. H. Rankin, 19 ; 9 months, 41st Mass.
Danl. C. Smith, 27 ; 9 months, 44th Mass. 1
Wm. A. Stickney, 20. Richard B. Sewell, 27.
Frederick A. Sanborn, 20. Saml. W. Taylor, 19.
Chas. F. Tinkham, 18. Chas. H. Trafton, 18 ; 10 months, 41st Mass.
Benj. R. Tarbox, 18. Thos. K. Trout, 19 ; 9 months, 42d Mass.
Hiram A. Thomas, 19. Henry A. Winn, 20.
Chas. C. Webster, 41. Geo. W. Wyman, 18.
John R. Waytt, 20. Weston Wyman, 19.
Benj. F. Willey, 20. Eugene Willworth, 20.
Oliver Wilson, 34. E. Ross Walker, 22.
Geo. A. Williams, 32 ; 5 years, regular U. S. A.
Walter J. Wellington, 19. Geo. P. Walkins, 18.
William F. Whipple, 18. James E. Walker, 27.
Augustus E. Williams, 18.
COMPANY B, GROTON.
In 3 months, 1861, and 9 months, 1862-63.
Captain, GEORGE F. SHATTUCK; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ;
9 months, 1862-63.
1 The Forty Fourth Massachusetts is the old Fourth Battalion, and left
Eeadville Oct. 22, 1862, for a nine months campaign in North Carolina.
It made a good record there, and returned, and was mustered out July
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 313
First Lieutenant, JOSEPH A. BACON ; in 6th Mass., 3 months,
1861 ; 9 months, 1862-63.
Second Lieutenant, WILLIAM T. CHILDS ; in 6th Mass., 3 months,
1861; 9 months, 1862-63.
First Sergeant, CHARLES F. WHITCHER; in llth 111., 1861.
Sergeant, BURTON W. PATTER; in 14th Vt.
" GEORGE R. SHATTUCK; in 6th Mass., 9 months,
" DANIEL S. KENDALL ; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63.
" HENRY B. STORY; in 6th Mass., 9 months., 1862-63.
Corporal, CHARLES F. WILLIAMSON.
GEORGE W. CHILDS ; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63.
" CHARLES W. HILDRETH; in 6th Mass., 9 months,
" EDWIN P. DODGE; in 6th Mass., 9 months 1862-63.
" HENRY S. PERHAM; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63 ;
" GEORGE A. PARKHURST; in 6th Mass., 9 months,
1862-63; Co. K.
" RUFUS B. RICHARDSON; in 6th Mass., 9 months,
" ROLLINS PERKINS; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63;
Musician, BOWMAN S. GALE; in 6th Mass., 9 months., 1862-63.
" JOHN BOHANON ; 16th N. H.
Wagoner, CHARLES BLOOD ; in 6th Mass., 9 months., 1862-63.
Charles Adams. John H. Bennett.
Joel A. Bartlett. Rufus S. Brown.
Thomas S. Brigham. Joseph Baxter.
Alonzo K. Blood. Timothy Brannan.
314 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
James Broyan. George W. Bennett.
Charles S. Barrett. Abel R. Brigham.
George F. Butterfield; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63 ; Co. K.
John N. Brown; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861.
Alfred D. Cutler. Curtis S. Childs.
Charles N. Clark; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63.
Lewis E. Comey. William H. Gate, Jr.
John Cordon; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63.
Joseph B. Emerson. George M. Foster.
William S. Flanders. John W. Farrar.
Daniel A. Felton. George H. P. Greenwood.
Elbridge E. Gay. Paul Gerrish.
Sumner Gilson; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63.
Samuel K. Gilson. Henry. T. Goldie.
George H. Green. Charles H. Holden.
James P. S. Hitchings. Lorenzo F. Hemminway.
Jerry Haley; died, Jan., 1865. Frank Harnden.
Henry H. Ingalls ; in 6th Mass., 9 months ; Co. K.
Charles E. Isaacs. Edward Johnson.
Oscar S. Johnson. Seth N. Kingsbury.
Alvah B. Kittredge. Ira G. Litchfield.
William D. Lee. George L. Lakin. Charles Livermore.
Frank M. Loring; in 44th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63.
Edward E. Lapham ; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63 ; Co. K.
Allan F. Little. James C. Moody.
James Murry ; in 6th Mass. Battery. James A. Nutting.
Albert A. Nickerson. George H. Nutting.
George F. Patch ; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63.
Walter B. Parker. Wilfred C. Parsons.
Marcus F. Prue. Ruf us Prescott.
George H. Richardson; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63.
Wilber S. Ring ; deceased. Alvah H. Richardson.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 315
Charles H. Ross. Ai Richards.
Isaac F. Saunderson. Charles Spaulding.
John B. Spaulding. Henry Sturtevant.
Charles F. Spaulding. Benjamin B. Spaulding.
Marshall D. Spaulding. Wesley Smith.
Charles H. Stone. Charles H. Torrey. William R. Wright.
John H. Whitney; in 6 Mass., 9 months, 1862-63.
John J. Wooster; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63.
William H. Whittemore. Everett J. Woods.
John E. Whiting; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63.
William T. Wright.
Was in the bixth Mass. 3 months, 1861, and 9 months, 1862-3.
Captain, BENJ. F. GODDARD ; 6th Mass., 3 and 9 months cam
Lieutenant, W. B. McCuRDY; 6th Mass., 3 and 9 months cam
" JOHN A. RICHARDSON; 6th Mass., 9 months.
Sergeant, ISAAC B. PENDERGAST ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
" ASGIL H. EAMES ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
" STEPHEN C. AMSDEN ; 7th Mass. Battery ; previously
discharged for disability.
" IRA STICKNEY ; 6th Mass., 3 mos. ; 7th Mass. Bat. 1865.
" WILLIAM J. BLAKE ; ftth Mass., 9 months.
Corporal, ALBERT HAMBLET ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
" AMBROSE S. WILDER ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
" GEORGE H. PROCTOR ; 6th Mass., 9 months ; Lieut.
10th U. S. Colored, 1865.
" WILLIAM H. DORR ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
316 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
Corporal, PRESCOTT L. JONES ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
" ENOS COLLINS; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861.
" CHARLES H. RICHER; Co. H, 6th Mass., 9 months.
" MILTON E. GRANT ; 27th Maine.
Musician, FRANK P. NORRIS ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
" HARLAN O. PAIGE ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
" ALPHONZO EASTMAN.
Ira Atkinson. Henry Buckland ; in Frontier Cavalry, 1865.
Gersham C. Bassett. Arthur H. Brown ; 15th Mass. Battery.
William Bowie. John Bowie.
Augustus Burgess ; 7th Mass. Battery.
James H. Burnham ; Co. H, 6th Mass., 9 months ; 7th Mass. Bat.
Fred H. Barnard ; since in Frontier Cavalry.
William F. Barry. Willis H. Brooks.
Joseph Bixby ; Co. D, 6th Mass., 9 months ; 7th Mass. Battery.
James G. Clark ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
William H. Clark. Edward H. Clark ; 44th Mass., 9 months.
John H. Caverly ; 6th Mass., 9 months. Hugh Campbell.
James P. Campbell. Charles F. Carr.
Jason W. Crosby ; Frontier Cavalry, 1865.
Benjamin F. Crosby ; 7th Mass. Battery. .
Edward W. Cowan ; 1st Me. Cavalry ; discharged for disability ;
since in 18th N. H ; discharged for disability.
Robert Carver; 1 year in Navy; died June 17, 1865.
Roscoe G. Crowell ; Co. H, 6th* Mass., 9 months.
George W. Cross. William B. Crafts.
Dudley B. Cole. William D. Day. Niles I. Donaldson.
William II. Diggles; 19th Mass.; discharged for disability.
Edward Downing. Benjamin F. Evans; 6th Mass., 9 months. .
Teddy Eno; Frontier Cavalry, 1865. Edward A. Ellis.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 317
George T. Farmer ; Sergt. in Frontier Cavalry.
Benjamin F. Freeman ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
Joseph Farrell ; 7th Mass. Battery.
Edward A. Fuller ; Co. D, 6th Mass., 9 months.
John H. P. Guild. Blaney Godfrey ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
Edward Gilman. Edwin M. Gray. William R. Hamilton.
Freeman A. Hobart; 1st New Hampshire, 3 months, 1861 ; since,
18th New Hampshire.
Edward B. Harlow. John H. Humes ; 7th Mass. Battery.
Harvey*C. Hardy. Edwin Hovey.
Thomas H. Harrington ; Co. A, 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861.
Daniel B. L. Lamson ; Co. H, 6th Mass., 9 months.
Edwin Ladd; 118th N. Y; discharged for disability.
Alonzo Lary. Charles E. Lovrein ; Co. H, 6th Massachusetts, 9
Frank Mansfield ; 1 2th Maine. John Melvin.
William Marr ; 7th Mass. Battery.
James Marr ; Co. A, 6th Mass., 9 months. Kimball Marshall.
Irving VV. Mason ; 3d Vt. ; since, 15th Mass. Battery.
George B. Ordway. William H. Perrin.
Andrew J. Putnam. Frank B. Peabody.
Frank O. Rolfe; 15th Mass. Battery.
Nathaniel Roberts ; Co. H, 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861.
George H. Smith. Cordyce R. Sprague ; Frontier Cavalry.
Lawrence Stan wood ; 71st Indiana; discharged for disability.
George Short ; Co. A, 6th Mass., 9 months ; since, 7th Mass.
Charles A. Stevens ; 7th Mass. Battery.
Augustus C. Stearns. Oliver S. Sanderson.
Samuel Titus ; Orderly Sergeant Frontier Cavalry.
Alvin S. Twiss. Charles A. Vinal.
John D. Wadleigh ; 22d Mass. ; dis. for disability ; navy since.
318 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
Butler J. Wetmore ; 7th Mass. Battery. James Ward.
William C. Witham. Orestes L. Woods.
George E. Wright. Matthew F. Worthen.
COMPANY D, LOWELL.
In 3 Months, 1861, and 9 months 1862-3.
Captain, JAMES W. HART ; 6th Mass., 3 mos. ; 6th Mass., 9 mos.
First Lieutenant, SAMUEL C. PINNEY ; 6th Mass., 3 months ; also,
Second Lieutenant, HIRAM C. MUSSEY ; 6th Mass., 3 months ; 6th
Mass., 9 months ; 2d U. S.
First Sergeant, JASON J. C. BROWN ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
Sergeant, CHARLES W. WEBBER ; 47th Mass, 9 months.
" REUBEN H. DITSON ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
" JAMES M. SANBORN ; 6th Mass., 3 mos. ; 1st R. I. Cav.
" HOWARD COBURN ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
Corporal, PETER LITTLEHALE; 6th Mass., 9 months.
" SOLOMON SPAULDING ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
" SIMEON C. CHANDLER ; 6th Mass., 3 months, 33d
" HARRISON NOURSE ; 44th Mass., 9 months. .
" CHARLES F. SIMONDS.
" ALBERT P. PE AXES; * 1st Mass. ; mustered out May
" HENRY A. DUTTON; 26th Mass.
i The First Massachusetts left the State June 5th, 1861 : the first of the
three years regiments. It was at Bull Run, Williamsburg, Fair Oaks,
Glendale, Malvern Hill, Kettle Run, Second Bull Run, Chantilly, and
Fredericksburg. It gave Stonewall Jackson his mortal wound. After
wards it was at Chancellorsville, and other great buttles, and has made a
record to immortalize every member of it.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 319
Corporal, CHARLES F. DANE ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
Drummer, CHARLES H. COLLINS ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
" JOHN W. BABB ; loth N. H., 9 months.
John W. Abbott. Sylvester D. Abbott.
Charles H. Abbott ; 47th Mass., 9 months.
Hiram H. Aldrich. James W. Adlington. Joseph H. Buck.
Robert O. Bird. George E. Barker. James Boyle.
Oscar E. Browne ; 6th Vermont. John H. Browne.
Otis S. Browne. Lucius M. Burke.
John H. Butterfield ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
Lucius Butterfield. Edwin M. Brooks. Charles M. Butler.
Edward Bulfinch ; 5th Mass., 9 months. Edwin W. Bartlett.
William S. Bennett. Henry H. Cochran ; 33d Mass.
Frank Crowley. Addison G. Coburn. Edward M. Converse.
Charles Cummings. James H. Carton.
Waldo B. Church. Charles Chapman.
Henry Desouza; 47th Mass., 9 months ; navy, subsequently.
Albert L. Dutton. Fred. Davis. Michael Dassey.
Peter Duville ; 6th Mass., 9 months. Walter H. Eagar.
Michael Farrell. W T illiam E. Frost. George W. Forbush.
John T. Godfrey. Charles A. Gordon. Joseph D. Gilman.
Lorenzo D. Gilman; 19th Maine, 3 years.
John Gray, Jr. George B. Greaves ; reenlisted.
Joseph A. Goodwin; 44th Mass., 9 months.
Charles W. Goodhue ; 15th N. H., 9 months.
Frank D. Hill. Abial P. Holt.
Benjamin F. Harris. George F. Harris ; 20th Ct., 9 months.
Newell Harris. Erasmus Holmes. Simon Flynn.
William Kemmick ; 47th Mass., 9 months.
Charles H. Kibbee. George F. Leird.
320 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
John Long; died Oct. 4th, 1864, at Fort Delaware, of small-pox.
George A. Locke. Samuel L. Lane. Patrick C. Murphy.
Thomas H. Mullen. Frank S. Mason. Thomas J. McDonnell.
Jonas E. Monroe. James Meredith ; navy, 1 year.
James McAloon ; 6th Mass., 9 months ; navy.
James O Brien. Elbridge W. Pierce.
George W. Pelsue; 6th Mass., 9 months.
George B. Pike ; 27th Maine, 9 months.
Charles F. Robinson. William M. Rushworth.
Charles S. Richardson. John H. Shields.
Willard S. C. Sargent. George F. Smith. George C. Smith.
Samuel A. Smith ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
Moses W. Stockman. Thomas S. Stone. George W. Sawyer.
Merrill J. Wentworth ; 6th Mass., 9 months ; reenlisted.
E. Amri Thissell.
COMPANY E, ACTON.
In 3 months, 1861, and 9 months, 1862-63.
Captain, FRANK H. WHITCOMB ; in 6th Mass., 9 months.
First Lieutenant, GEORGE W. KNIGHTS ; in 6th Mass., 3 and
Second Lieutenant, ISAIAH HUTCHINS ; in 6th Mass., 9 months.
First Sergeant, A. B. CLINTON DOUGLAS; in 18th Missouri;
discharged on account of wounds, received in battle
Pittsburg Landing, Tenn.
Sergeant, GEORGE L. SAWYER ; in 6th Mass., 9 months.
" HENRY M. HOYT ; in 44th Mass., 9 months.
" ANDREW J. SAWYER ; in 6th Mass., 3 and 9 months.
" ALBERT W. ROBBINS ; in 6th Mass., 9 months.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 321
Corporal, FORESTUS D. K. HOAR ; in 6th Mass., 9 months.
" CHARLES E. SPRAGUE ; in 6th Mass., 9 months.
" ROLLIN O. LINSLKY ; in 6th Vermont ; discharged
on account of disease contracted in Peninsular
" OSCAR E. PRESTON ; in 6th Mass., 9 months.
44 FRANCIS E. HARRIS ; in 6th Mass., 9 months.
" WILLIAM CHAPLIN, Jr. ; in 6th Mass., 9 months.
" ALONZO F. BURBANK; in 44th Mass., 9 months.
" GEORGE W. KNOWLTON ; in 6th Mass., 9 months.
Frank W. Ames. Frank Atherton.
Albert Albee; 42d Mass., 9 months; taken prisoner at Brashear
City, June 23, 1863 ; paroled June 26, 1863.
Sylvester Brown ; 3 years, in Navy. Alfred Brown.
Thomas H. Brooks, Jr. Chelles Byam. Henry O. Burnham.
George S. Bugbee. Fred. G. Cooley. J. Sherman Conant.
Waldo Chaplin. Charles F. Cora. John Conway.
John Cass. William H. Chadsey. Asa Collier.
John Conley. Richard D. Child.
Dudley P. Cole ; transferred to Co. C.
Andrew J. Putnam ; transferred to Co. C.
Frank B. Pt-abody ; transferred to Co. C.
Samuel Beecher ; transferred to Co. A.
Charles H. Eaton. John W. Evans. Ephraim Forbush.
Daniel H. Farrar; in 6th Mass, 9 months.
Leonard A. Felton. Chauncey U. Fuller ; in 6th Mass., 9 months.
Benj. F. Foster. Meldon S. Giles.
Lewis H. George ; 47th Mass., 9 months.
William U. Grennan ; in 7th N. J., 3 years, in Mexican war ;
3 months, 69th N. Y. 1861 ; 6th Mass., 9 months.
322 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
Elisha Goodwin. Benj. D. Gorham.
Albert Hardy. Frank M. Holmes.
True E. Holmes. Lucius Hosmer.
Edmund P. Hosiner. William Haley.
Charles W. Hapgood. Alfred B. Jenkins.
Jonas A. Kelton. Charles M. Kimball.
Hiram Knights. Alonzo A. Knights.
Edwin Little. Dennis Long.
Peter La Mountain. James P. Litch.
John McElaney. Edmund Maunder.
George Mace. James Melvin. James C. Melvin.
Lewis W. Mathu ; in 28th Mass. ; discharged on account of sick
ness, Jan. 31st, 1864.
Henry W. Moore. Thomas H. G. Marston.
John Q. Nichols. James H. Noble.
George G. Puffer. Rockwood Puffer.
Henry D. Parlin. Moses S. Page. William Roach.
Luke Smith; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861; 26th Mass.; dis
charged on account of sickness.
George D. Smith. Henry W. Smith.
Emery A. Symonds. Henry H. Spaulding.
Edwin G. Thomas. Charles H. Tuttle.
John B. Taylor, Jr. Albert Vilno. Ethan Valentine.
Edwin F. Webber; in 44th Mass., 9 months.
Robert Wayne. James Wayne.
Eben F. Wood ; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 12 months in Navy.
Homer A. Warren. Andrew C. Wright, Jr.
William A. Williams. John B. Walker. J. Fletcher Whitney.
COMPANY F, BOSTON,
Was an unattached company of the Independent Division
of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, raised in South
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 323
Boston in April, 1864. It was organized, May 6th, by
the choice of Henry W. Wilson as Captain, Edmund C.
Colman as First Lieutenant, and Richard J. Fennelly as
Second Lieutenant. With the approbation of His Excel
lency, Gov. Andrew, it adopted the name of the Andrew
Light Infantry, and as such, on the evening of Wednes
day, the 7th of July, the evening of the day on which
orders were promulgated, voted to respond to the call
of the governor for 100 days troops, which action was
reported at head-quarters the day following, and orders
were issued for the company to be recruited to the max
imum number. On Saturday, July 10th, the commander
reported the company full, and ready for duty. On
Wednesday, he received orders to go to camp at Read-
ville, which was done the day following.
Captain, HENRY W. WILSON.
First Lieutenant, EDMUND C. COLMAN ; promoted from First
^ Lieut, to be Adjutant, Aug. 1st, 1864.
" ARCHELAUS N. LEMAN ; promoted from First
Sergt, Sept. 14th, 1864.
Second Lieutenant, RICHARD J. FENNELLY.
First Sergeant, ARCHELAUS N. LEMAN ; promoted to be First
Lieutenant, Sept 14th, 1864.
" WILLARD L. HA WES; in 5th Mass., 1862-63.
Sergeant, THOMAS H. EVANS, JR.; 42d Mass., 1862-63.
" JAMES F. RUMRILL.
" J. DAVIS WILDER; in 7th Maine, 2 years; discharged
324 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
Sergeant, WILLIAM F. GARDNER ; in 42d Mass., 1862-63.
Corporal, CHARLES H. KENDALL.
" JACOB W. HASKELL.
" FRANK E. PARK.
" WILLIAM H. CONWAY; 1st Mass.; discharged for dis
ability, Oct. 18th, 1862.
" JAMES E. STANLEY; 42d Mass., 1862-63.
" FRANKLIN HA WES ; 42d Mass., 1862-63; since in Navy.
" CHAS. II. HAWES.
" BARTHOLOMEW HALEY.
Musician, WM. E. N. POTTER.
Joshua Atwood, Jr.
Geo. F. Bartlett ; served previously on the gunboat " Louisiana,"
13 months; since re-enlisted in Navy.
Edwin H. Bliss; previously in Navy; re-enlisted in Vet. Res.
Corps, and since died.
Charles Butler ; 1st Maine, 3 months ; discharged for disability.
William D. Blois.
James Brownlow ; in 29th Mass., 2 years; discharged, disability.
William F. Bacon.
Isaac Bartley; in Cook s Battery, 3 months, 1861.
Henry Buck ; 35th Mass. ; wounded at South Mountain ; disch d.
James B. Brown. William W. Bryant.
Danl. K. Balchelder; in 13th Mass., 1 18 months, discharged; dis
1 The Thirteenth Massachusetts was in the most arduous and faithful
service, three years, from July 30, 1861. The Second Bull Eun, An-
tietam, both Fredericksburgs and Gettysburg, Grant s chief battles, and
most of the stirring scenes in which the immortal Army of the Potomac
participated, were experienced by this heroic regiment.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 325
Francis Burns. James O. Brown.
Valentine Bradshaw. George Burke.
Thomas Clark. George S. Cole. Albert Converse.
Peter Carley ; re-enlisted, and since died. Chas. H. Durgin.
Lorenzo J. Damm ; served on the gunboat " Miami "16 months.
Dennis W. Downing. Francis Eaton.
Lawrence W. Flood. James Freeman, Jr.
William Fitzgerald ; 42dN. Y., 18 months; wounded, discharged.
Dennis Foley. John H. Gardner.
Frank W. Griffin ; in Navy. Peter Glynn.
Frederic A. Harding. Charles Hertkorn.
James Hatch. Benjamin A. Ham.
John H. Haskins; 42d Mass., 1862-63 ; Frontier Cavalry.
Lucius Howard, Jr. Oliver Howard. Charles Henan.
Orrin C. Hussey ; 9th Mass. Battery, 15 months; discharged for
disability; died, Oct. 26th, 1864.
Henry H. Hall. Charles W. Holmes.
George Howard. Patrick Hanley.
Saml. S. Knigdon. Warren A. Lewis.
Lewis Lunt. D. Swanson Lewis.
James H. Leighton. James Leavitt. Joseph G. Lay field.
Thomas J. Linton ; 22d Mass., 8 months ; discharged, disability.
Elijah G. Learned. Chas. F. Morrill.
Lunos F. Mendall. William H. Mason. Joseph S. McCully.
John R. Merrick; 18th 1 Mass., 2 years; discharged.
Lyman B. Manning. Saml. Newmarch, Jr. Edward Noonan.
David Powers ; in 25th N. Y., 3 months ; also in 1st U. S. Artillery,
14 months; discharged, disability.
1 The Eighteenth Massachusetts Regiment left the State in August,
1861, and was at Games Mills, Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg,
Shepardston, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Mine
Creek, and Grant s battles before Richmond. Sept. 3d, the battalion was
consolidated with the Thirty Second Massachusetts.
326 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
Frank Pluto. James H. Rush. Henry L. Reed.
James A. Riley ; 20th Mass. ; wounded at Fredericksburg ; disch d.
Robert S. Ripner. David Robinson ; 42d Mass., 1862-63.
John Smith ; 28th Mass. ; wounded, discharged.
Henry R. Smith; on gunboat " Louisiana," 13 months; time out.
Hugh Turish; 9th Mass.; discharged, Aug. 18th, 1861.
George A. Thomas; died, Nov. 13, 1864.
William A. Taylor; on gunboat " Hunchback," 13 months.
Eben Wilder; sloop of war " Dacotah," 1 year; time out.
Chas. C. Wadleigh ; gunboat " Macedonia, 1 year ; time out.
John Weigle. Thomas B. Wiggin, Jr. Thomas Walsh.
COMPANY G, LOWELL.
In 9 montJis, 1862-3.
Captain, NATHAN TAYLOR ; in 6th Mass., 1862-3.
First Lieutenant, CHARLES H. BASSETT ; 6th Mass, 1862-3.
Second Lieutenant, PAUL PAULUS ; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
First Sergeant, GEORGE G. TARBELL ; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
Sergeant, MARCUS W. COPPS ; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
" JOHN F. TOWNSEND ; in 6th Mass., 1862-3.
" S. AUGUSTUS LENFEST ; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
" JAMES R. HILL ; previously in llth Mass. ; afterward
in 15th Battery.
Corporal, CHARLES H. RICHARDSON ; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
" ALBERT T. GREEN; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
" EDWARD B. HOLT ; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
" RANDOLPH C. LORD ; 6th Mass., 1852-3.
" GEORGE H. FAVOR; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 327
Corporal, ANDREW LIDDELL ; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
" SAMUEL E. STEARNS; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
" STEPHEN A. BULLENS ; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
Musician, ERASTUS H. GRAY; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
" G. WINFIELD KNOWLTON.
George W. Adams. Ora A. Atkins.
William E. Averell ; 1 2th Mass. Battery. 1
Andrew I. Angell. James F. Auld ; 12th Mass. Battery.
Frederick A. Baron. John D. Biekford ; 7th Mass. Battery.
Charles Breckenridge. William Black.
Oliver K. Bradford. Allen Bailey.
Joshua H. Bailey. Edward Bailey.
Edward T. Bartlett. Hervey Bingham.
Elias H. Colburn. George D. Coburn ; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
William W T . Chase. Marshall H. Clough; died, July, 1865.
George A. Davis. John Engell.
Amos B. Filmore. Clarendon Goodwin; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
Samuel W. Grimes ; 6th Mass., 186 2-3, promoted to Sergeant Major.
Thomas J. Gray.
Joseph C. Hill ; 8th Me., discharged for disability.
Charles A. Hilton ; 27th Me., 1862-3 ; 12th Mass. Battery.
Charles B. Holt. Henry H. Holt ; 2d Mass., three years.
Charles H. Huntoon. George C. Hedrick.
Henry Hutchinson ; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
Alfred A. Hatch. William Hanneford.
Amos T. Hersey. Henry H. Harris.
John H. Haggett; 6th Mass., 1862-3, subsequently, Frontier Cav.
William A. Ingham ; 47th Mass., 1862-3.
1 The Massachusetts Twelfth Battery left the State, Jan. 3d, 1863, and
h as been stationed in the Gulf Department.
328 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
Julius C. Jockow. William H. Kimball ; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
Abner L. Kittredge. Nathan G. Lamson.
Horace H. Leavitt. George F. Lawton. Laurin Martin.
Joseph A. Mongovan ; 15th Mass. Battery.
Patrick H. Mannix ; Frontier Cavalry.
J. Eldridge Morse. Daniel \V. Mosher.
George A. Noyes. Eugene W. Norton.
Lyman B. Patten. Daniel O. Pearson. Henry Parker.
John Pierce ; 6th Mass., 1862-3. Auburn F. Pearl.
Sydney A. Parker ; left arm blown off, and finger and thumb of
right hand, when firing a salute in Carlisle, celebrating the
fall of Richmond.
William B. Piper.
John H. Prescott; 32d Mass., discharged, disability.
Thomas Stott. Samuel E. Stott.
David Scott. William W. Savage.
Owen H. Savage. John Spencer; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
Sylvanus Sanborn. James B. P. Sanborn.
John C. Sanborn ; 2d Lieut. 16th Vermont; discharged disability ;
George C. Stevens. G. Warren Spaulding ; 7th Mass. Battery.
Henry M. Thompson. William B. Tingley; 6th Mass., 1862-3.
Daniel H. Varnum. Walter O. Wetherbee.
Thomas Willman. John R. Willman.
Alfred Worthington. George M. Whitcomb.
William P. Wadleigh. Charles Washburn.
COMPANY H, BOSTON,
Has a brief, but most creditable history. In response
to the call of the government, a recruiting office was
opened in Boston, July llth, by Capt. Ware, and Lieuts.
Tripp and Chittenden ; and the next day the muster-roll.
T n E HUNDRED D A Y s C A M p A i o N . 329
contained one hundred and twenty-five names, from
which the company was selected. It reported at the
State House the 12th, went into camp the 14th, and was
mustered in the 16th. Without making any invidious
distinction, this company can be characterized as compe
tent to occupy a position in any regiment, however well-
drilled, and prompt in the discharge of the duty required
Captain, MOSES E. WARE; 45th Ma.ss., 1862-3.
First Lieutenant, GEORGE L. TRIPP ; 44th Mass., 1862-3.
Second Lieutenant, ALBERT A. CHITTENDEN ; 45th Mass., 1862-3.
Sergeant, WILLIAM R. ADAMS; 44th Mass., 1862-3.
u BENJAMIN V. COBURN; 45th Mass., 1862-3.
" FRANK G. GORHAM.
" GEORGE T. LOVEJOY ; in 45th Mass., 1862-63.
" HENRY S. MACOMBER ; 44th Mass., 1862-63.
Corporal, EDWARD F. BUTTERS; 45th Mass., 1862-3.
" JOHN M. CALL, JR.
" WILLIAM GALLAGHER ; 1 7th U. S. Inf. ; discharged,
" GEORGE E. HEYWOOD ; 45th Mass., 1862-3.
" CHARLES L. LE CAIN; 44th Mass., 1862-63.
" WILLIAM B. LIVKRMORE ; 44th Mass., 1862-63.
" CHARLES S. PIKE; 45th Mass., 1862-63.
" GEORGE H. TEWKSBURY ; 44th Mass., 1862-63.
Drummer, JULIUS C. SHAILER.
" GEORGE G. ALLEN; 5th Mass., 1862-3.
Ora S. Abbott. Henry H. Ashcroft.
330 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
Lyman Andrews, Jr. Lucius A. Brown.
Allston G. Bouve. Walter C. Bowers. Frank T. Bayley.
Edward H. Bowers; 1st Batt. Penn., 3 mos., 1861.
"Wilfred Barker. Dana B. Brigham. Frederick Grossman.
Isaac Curtis, Jr. ; 20th Mass. ; discharged, disability.
William J. Conn ; died at Regimental Hospital, August 9th, 1864.
Daniel Carter; 47th Mass., 1862-3.
Charles T. Clark. Ransom F. Clayton.
Luther G. Chandler. Edward F. Clark.
Lorenzo B. Dutton. Joseph H. Dorety.
Aaron K. Downs. Warren P. Dustin.
Melville Eggleston. Edward Flannagan.
William I. Fletcher. Charles A. Fox.
Eben A. Folsom. M. William Greenwood.
Charles W. Grant. Charles F. Gardner. Nathaniel Grant.
Joseph H. Hunneman, Jr. ; 45th Mass., 1862-3.
John G. Hutchins. Albert H. Hopkins.
Charles S. Hersey. B. Frank Hatstat.
Frank S. Henry; Co. B, 10th Vermont; discharged, disability.
Theodore L. Harlow. Nathaniel H. Kemp.
Wells G. Kellogg. Charles F. Low. John Loughrey.
Stephen Mitchell; 66th N. Y., one year; discharged, disability.
S. Oscar Merrill. Timothy Murphy; 36th N. Y. ; 2 years.
Luther Moulton ; 38th Mass. 1 Charles H. Nowell.
Gardner O. North; 53d Mass., 2 9 months; discharged, disability.
Albert Norton. George E. Otis.
John H. Oviatt. Frank L. Putnam.
1 The Thirty Eighth Massachusetts started for the seat of war, Sept. 24,
1862, and arrived in New Orleans, Jan. 1, 1863. It was at Port Hudson,
Red River, and in the Shenandoah Valley under Sheridan, and at Cedar
2 The Fifty Third Massachusetts spent its nine months of service in the
Department of the Gulf, and served an honorable campaign.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 331
Arthur W. Pope. Arthur Rogers.
John Rider. Thomas Scott.
Edwin R. Swett. Clarence A. Swan.
Gregory Stone. Charles L. Snow.
Robert W. Storer; 45th Mass., 1862-63.
Frederick W. Stackpole ; 45th Mass., 1862-63.
George T. Scott. Pelatiah R. Tripp ; 27th Maine, 1862-63.
Daniel L. Tower.
George W. Thacher; died, Fort Delaware, Sept. 13, 1864, of
Francis A. Taylor. Walter T. Winslow.
H. Howard Wilson. William M. Whitehouse.
COMPANY I, SALEM.
Company I, the Salem Mechanic Light Infantry, is one
of othe oldest and most honored companies in the State.
It was organized February 22d, 1807, and paraded
for the first time, July 4th, of the same year. It has
uniformly preserved its organization to the present time,
and never paraded with fewer than twenty-five non-com
missioned officers and privates. Before 1861, and since
the three months campaign of that year, it was always
known as company B, Seventh Massachusetts ; but
it was detached to the Fifth Massachusetts, by the Gov
ernor, and received orders, April 19th, 1861, at 3 P. M.,
to report in Faneuil Hall at 10 the next morning. At
7 o clock, April 20th, the company assembled in its
armory, to the number of one hundred and twenty, includ
ing three commissioned officers, answered to roll-call,
and then marched to the City Hall, where Col. Perley
332 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
Putman, the first commander, presented them a silk
American flag, in behalf of the ladies, when, followed by
the cheers and regards of the whole city, they departed
for Boston, arriving at the place of rendezvous at ten
precisely. The surplus men of the maximum number re
quired were sent home, very much to their disappointment.
At 7 o clock on the morning of the 21st, the Fifth Reg
iment left Boston, with Cook s Battery, arriving in Wash
ington April 26th, in the vicinity of which city and of
Alexandria they remained till July 16th, doing garrison
and fatigue duty, when the regiment left in the direction
of Bull Run. The Fifth did good service on that un
fortunate day, and fell back with the rest of the federal
army to Washington on the 22d, and reached Boston, a
fortnight beyond its time, on the 30th. It had a mag
nificent reception everywhere ; company I receiving from
Salem, on the 1st of August, a most flattering wel
come. Captain Staten entered the campaign as First
Lieutenant, but was promoted to the captaincy on the
promotion of Captain Pierson to the lieutenant-colonelcy,
July 6th, 1861.
The commissioned officers of this company, from
1807 down, were as follows :
Captains. Perley Putnam, 1807-10; Benj. Hopes, 1810-12;
Joseph Edwards, 1812-16; David Bobbins, 1816-20; Daniel
Millett, 1820-22 ; Benj. George, 1822-24; David Pulsifer, 1824-28 ;
Jeremiah S. Perkins, 1828-34; James Chamberlain, 1834-37; James
Kimball, 1837-41; John A. Browne, 1841-43; Wm. B. Brown,
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 333
1843-47; Wm. Sauaders, 1847-50; Benj. R. White, 1850-3;
Simeon Flint, 1853-6; Albert S. Follansbee, 1856-7; George
H. Peirson, 185 7-61 ; Edward H. Staten, 1861-65.
Lieutenants. Several of the captains, and Oliver Peabody,
Wm. Roberts, Josiah Lord, Wm. Brown, Jonathan L. Kimball,
Wm. Merritt, Wm. H. Danforth, Thomas M. Dix, Reuben G.
Nelson, George Norris, Jr., Henry F. Saunders, Lewis E. Went-
worth, Jesse B. Edwards, Daniel B. Lord, Israel P. Harris, Isaac
S. Noyes, Daniel B. Lord, Jr., Chas. D. Stiles, Joseph H. Glidden,
Geo. M. Crowell.
Captain, EDWARD H. STATEN ; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 6
months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862.
First Lieutenant, JOSEPH H. GLIDDEN ; 5th Mass., 3 months,
1861 ; 6 months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862 ;
Capt. in 1865.
Second Lieutenant, GEORGE M. CROWELL ; 5th Mass., 3 months,
1861 ; 6 months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862.
Sergeant, ROBERT P. CLOUGH; 5 months at Fort Weftren, 1862,
in Battalion of Cadets.
" JOSHUA W. DOWST ; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; Capt
Reed s Mounted Rangers ; discharged for disability.
" BENJAMIN F.PICKERING; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ;
6 months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862.
" CHARLES A.WILLIAMS; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861.
" CHARLES H. GWINN; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861; 6
months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862.
Corporal, ELDEN BENNETT ; 6 months at Fort Warren, unat
" AUGUSTUS SHEPARD ; 6 months at Fort Warren,
334 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
Corporal, CHARLES A. STATEN; 6th months at Fort Warren,
" WARREN P. DODGE ; 6 months at Fort Warren, unat
" NATHANIEL A. SYMONDS; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861.
" JOHN CHANDLER.
" JOSEPH E. WALDRON ; 5 months at Fort Warren,
Battalion Cadets, unattached, 1862.
" DANIEL STANIFORD ; 5 months at Fort Warren, Bat
talion Cadetfe, unattached, 1862.
Peter F. Adams. Thomas M. Adams. Frank Atwood.
George F. Averill ; 6 months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862.
George W. Bragdon ; re-enlisted in Frontier Cavalry.
John H. Burrough. Albion W. Bodwell.
Otis Burnham; 6 months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862.
Edward W. Burding. Arthur Branigan.
William Collins; 8th Mass., 1862. Daniel A. Caskin.
Patrick Collins; 8th Mass., 1862.
J. H. Dodge; died of diphtheria, Sept. 5, 1864.
Walter S. Daniels.
Henry F. English; 8th Mass., 1862; 1 year in Navy.
James W. English ; 5 years in 2d U. S. Cavalry.
George Evans; Navy, 3 years. John Flood; 48th Mass., 1862.
George L. Goss ; 23d Wisconsin ; discharged for disability.
Charles II. Giles; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861.
John H. Hall. Onis K. Huff.
James A. Hall; re-enlisted in 62d Mass.
Thomas T. Hines ; 48th Mass., 9 months.
Thomas Hartman ; 1 7th Mass. ; discharged for disability ; re-en
listed in 62d Mass.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 335
Nathaniel K. Howard. William S. Inman.
Luther D. Kilbourn. Jeremiah Kerby.
Charles L. Lord ; 5 months at Fort Warren, Bat. of Cadets, 1861.
William D. Lufkin. Henry A. Long. George C. Lord.
Hiram O. Lamb ; 5 months at Fort Warren, Bat, of Cadets, 1861.
John E. Moody. Charles E. Moulton.
George Murray; 3d Mass. Cavalry, from Jan. to Aug., 1865.
Edward Moulton ; re-enlisted in 3d Mass. Cavalry.
Phillip A. Manning ; re-enlisted, Frontier Cavalry.
Hugh Murphy ; re-enlisted, 17th Mass.
John J. McKenny. Frank B. Messer.
Joseph A. Moultou ; re-enlisted, 9th N. Y. Cavalry.
Edward North; re-enlisted, 17th Mass.
William H. Nichols, Jr. ; previously in R. I. Cavalry.
Thaddeus Osgood ; re-enlisted and served 7 months in unattached
Joseph H. Oldsen ; re-enlisted in unattached.
John O Connor.
James E. Perry ; 12th Mass. ; discharged for disability.
Isaiah B. Peabody.- George Pettengill. Charles D. Paine.
Richard Poor; 6 months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862.
John O. Rollins. Nathaniel A. Riley. Joshua O. Rider.
John E. Rogers ; 2 years in Navy ; discharged for disability ; 4th
Samuel A. Stevens ; 2d Maine ; discharged for disability.
Frederick H. Sanger. George L. Stone. John J. Sheehan.
Abner K. Sanborn; previously in 27th Maine.
Joseph Thompson. John Thompson. Joseph F. Thomas.
Theodore P. Teague ; 5 months at Fort Warren, Battalion of Ca
dets, 1862; 4th Mass. Cavalry, 1865.
336 THE II u NO R E D DAYS CAMPAIGN.
Walter F. Tarlton ; previously in 8th Mass.
Austin Towne. Russell T. Varney.
Frederick Wright ; 1 7th Mass. ; discharged for disability.
COMPANY K, LAWRENCE.
This company was a new one, raised mostly in Law
rence upon the call of the Governor for five thousand 100
days men. Recruiting commenced on the llth day of
July, 1864, and the company was filled on the evening
of the 12th, went into camp on the 13th, was mustered
into the service on the 14th, and, on the 15th and 16th,
the men were clothed, armed, and equipped throughout,
and ready to move on the 17th, just six days after the
first movement was made.
" Capt Sherman," says the u Lawrence American,"
" under extraordinary difficulties, raised a company of
men for nine months service, himself enlisting as a pri
vate, from which he was promoted to a captaincy, and,
as we personally know, no braver or more faithful officer
has left our city ; always attentive to the needs of his
men, and even when weak and emaciated with sickness,
as we saw him at Port Hudson (in the 48th Massachu
setts) leaving the hospital, against the positive prohibi
tion of the surgeon, to lead his men in the assault."
Lieut. Batchelder was in the siege of Charleston, and
in the assault on the forts there, with the Fortieth Mas
sachusetts, one of the finest regiments in the service.
Lieut., now Capt. Emerson, was drummer in the old
Sixth, April 19, 1861.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 337
Captain, EDGAR J. SHERMAN; Capt. in 48th Mass., 1862-3.
First Lieutenant, MOULTON BATCHELDER ; Private, Corporal,
1st Sergt. and 2d Lieut, in 40th Mass.; ^resigned,
Jan. 30, 1864.
Second Lieutenant, JOHN D. EMERSON ; drummer in 6th Mass., 3
months, 1861 ; Capt, Co. K, 1865.
First Sergeant, GEORGE N. ARCHER ; 8th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ;
2d Lieut. Co. K, 1865.
Sergeant, SMITH DECKER; 13th Vt, 1862-3 ; 1st Lieut, 1865.
" JOHN M. FISHER.
WILLIAM H. SIXER ; 36th Mass.; wounded and disch.
" LORENZO S. LEAVITT, 23d Maine, 1862-3.
Corporal, ALAXSOX C. HAIXES; loth N. H., 1862-3.
" SAMUEL BROUGHTON; 40th Mass.; wounded, dis
charged ; Frontier Cavalry.
" JOSEPH A. BABB; 4th Mass., 1862-3.
" CHARLES J. RHOADES ; 44th Mass., 1862-3.
" J. FRANK EATON ; 4th Mass., 1862-3.
" ALBERT E. LAZELLE.
" EDWARD B. TAYLOR.
Drummer, AARON P. ORDWAY ; drummer, Co. H, 4th N. H. ;
discharged for disability.
" FRANK A. EDWARDS.
Charles H. Abbott.
John Adams ; 3d Mass. Cav. ; 1 year in Virginia and Colorado.
Henry F. Barnard. John Boyle; 4th Mass., 1862-3.
Thomas Bagley. John B. Brierley.
Joseph Buckley. William Blyth.
John Bond. John Busfield.
William Barker. George Buchan.
338 THE HUNDRED DATS CAMPAIGN.
William F. Belanger. John Brannan ; 4th Mass., 18G2-3.
James M. Cutter. Jolm Chelley.
Willard L. Carleton. Frank C. Carleton.
Patrick Curry. Baldwin Coolidgc.
Gardner A. Carpenter. Thomas Donnelly.
Ai E. Durgin. Remi Dionne.
Thomas A. Dyson. Solomon N. Davis.
William II. II. Davis. Daniel N. Davis.
Franklin E. Doyen. Benjamin L. Dixon.
John J. Dixon. Trustram S. Goss.
Warren George. Moses F. Goodwin.
George H. Greene. William Heap; 4th Mass., 1862-3.
David Henderson. Michael II. Herbert.
Benjamin F. Hodgdon. William C. Holt. Thomas Ilernon.
Seth C. Hildreth ; 4th Mass., 1862-3 ; Frontier Cavalry.
James T. Johnson. David Johnston, Jr.
Mark Judge. James Leach.
Murdo McA. McKenzie. John McCullough.
Angus McPhee. Thomas Norris.
Albert Needham. Edward W. Packard.
James Partington ; 4th Mass., 1862-3. Nathaniel B. Parsons.
James H. Rowell. William Rushworth.
John A. Ross. Bernard Rourk.
Jolm G. Rines. Leander A. Robinson.
William Sorton. George I. Sargent.
Daniel Stevens. Melvin E. Smith.
James Standring. George Stewart.
John W. Stewart. John Soule.
John Summers. George W T . Town.
David Y. Tufts ; Gth Mass., 3 months, 1861. Duncan Wood.
James Waddington. Russell Wentworth.
John Welch. Lament C. Willouby. John F. Whitehill.
Edward Lurvey ; Deserter.
THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN. 339
Additional items, relating to the Three Months Roster, obtained
while the book was passing through the press, are here printed.
Company A. W. F. Lovrein was promoted sergeant in 18G1 ;
was 1st lieutenant in Mass. 30th, and prisoner from June, 1864,
to April, 1865. William Iligson afterwards was in the Navy.
Gilbert A. Hood was not killed. Bradford S. Norton was ser
geant and 2d lieutenant in the 26th, and was killed at Cedar
Creek. Charles H. Richardson was sergeant in the 26th Mass.
Company B. William T. Childs was 2d lieutenant in the 6th
in 1864. Joseph A. Bacon was 1st lieutenant in 1864. Solomon
Story joined at Relay House, May 20th. Avander N. Blood was
a musician. Russell O. Houghton was promoted captain. Ansell
A. Stall was in the 33d. George N. Spalding became 1st lieuten
ant in Mass. Cavalry. Charles H. Wright and Henry F.
Whitcomb afterwards served in a Massachusetts regiment.
Company C. Joseph J. Donahue was in the 3d N. Hampshire.
Seth Bonney was major in the Mass. 26th. Thomas Burns was
in the Mass. 6th Battery.
Company F. Lieutenant Stone has been major of the 41st
Massachusetts. Andrew J. Butterfield has not served since the
three months campaign. W. Marland has been captain in Nims s
Battery. James A. Troy was captain in the 26th.
Company G. Major Harrison AV. Pratt was wounded mortally
at Fisher s Hill. Brown P. Stowell was 2d lieutenant in Mass.
42d. John E. Caligan was sergeant and lieutenant in Mass. 34th.
Thomas E. Cogger was in company A, Mass. 17th. George H.
Conklin was in Mass. 51st, and was 1st lieutenant in Unattached
Artillery. Thomas A. Doherty was in Mass. 21st. John Emer
son was captain in Mass. 42d. Church Howe was aid to Major
General Sedgwick. John F. Methuen was 1st lieutenant in
U. S. A. Dennis H. Nolan was sergeant in 8th Penn. Cavalry.
Henry M. Richter is not dead, but was afterwards sergeant in 7th
R. Island. John F. Towle was in 7th R, Island, and was wounded
at Petersburg. Charles H. Wilson was wounded at Roanoke
Island. John Wolf was in 7th Connecticut. J. Wallace Wood
ward was sergeant in Mass. 51st.
Company I. Major Oliver has been lieutenant-colonel.
Company K was a long time in the Fifth Artillery, and after
wards in the First Infantry. J. S. Burrill and Robert Cowdin
should be omitted from the list of captains. James E. March is
340 THE HUNDRED DAYS CAMPAIGN.
now brevet major of volunteers. William PI. Daly was in the
30th regiment. .Omit Fire Zouaves after Lysander J. Hume.
Company L. Sidney L. Colley was promoted to lieutenant.
Charles H. Barry promoted to lieutenant. James D. Sanborn
was sergeant instead of captain.
Company G. Worcester. By the kindness of His Honor.
Mayor Lincoln, of Worcester, I am able to present some interest
ing facts that had not come to my knowledge when the roster
passed through the press.
The original charter bears the date of 1804, and has the sig
nature of Harrison Gray Otis, Speaker of the House, and Caleb
Strong, Governor. The petition for the company is signed by
Levi Lincoln, Jr. (afterwards Governor), Levi Thaxter, John
Nelson, Jr. (afterward Rev. John Nelson, D. D., of Leicester),
Daniel W. Lincoln, and thirty-three others. The first officers
were Levi Thaxter, captain ; Enoch Flagg, lieutenant ; and Levi
Lincoln, ensign. Many of the principal citizens of Worcester
have been in the ranks of the company, among whom may be
mentioned Joseph R. Caldwell ; Edward D. Bangs (Sec. of
Mass.) ; William Lincoln (historian of Worcester) ; Joseph Wil-
lard (historian of Lancaster) ; Brigadier-General William S.
Lincoln (of Mass. 34th) ; Brigadier-General Calvin E. Pratt (of
N. York 31st) ; Hon. Isaac Davis ; Hon. George W. Richardson ;
Hon. D. Waldo Lincoln (Mayor of Worcster) ; and others dis
tinguished in the civil and military history of the state and nation.
The company was in Boston, in defence of the coast, from
Sept. 14, till Oct. 31, 1814.
The following is a complete list of captains from 1804 to 1806 :
Levi Thaxter, 1804-6; Enoch Flagg, 1806-9; William E.
Green, 1809-11; Isaac Sturtevant, 1811-12; John W. Lincoln,
1812-16; Sewall Hamilton, 1816-20; John Coolidge, 1820-22;
Samuel Ward, 1822-24 ; Artemas Ward, 1824-26 ; John Whit-
temore, 1826-28; Charles A. Hamilton, 1828-31; William S.
Lincoln, 1831-34; Charles H. Geer, 1834-37; Henry Hobbs
1837; Dana H. Fitch, 1837; D. Waldo Lincoln, 1838-40;
Ivers Phillips, 1841 ; Henry W. Conklin, 1842; Joseph B. Rip-
ley, 1843 ; Edward Lamb, 1844-8, 50-51, 56-57; Levi Barker,
1849 ; Charles S. Childes, 1852 ; Samuel P. Russell, 1853 ; George
W. Barker, 1854; George F. Peck, 1855; Harrison W.Pratt.
THE LOWELL MONUMENT.
HE propriety of placing a monument above the
remains of Ladd and Whitney was suggested
by Mayor Sargent, of Lowell, directly after
their funeral ; and the body of Ladd was re
turned to the city with the understanding that
a monument would at some time be erected.
In 1861, the mayor and aldermen of Lowell ad
dressed a petition to the General Court, asking for aid in
constructing it ; but the petition was referred to the next
Legislature. In 1863, Mayor Hosford urged the matter ;
and the legislature of that year passed a resolve, appro
priating $2000, provided the city would give a like sum.
A plan was obtained, designed by Woodcock & Meach-
um, of Boston, and the monument was wrought by
Runels, Clough, & Co., and erected on Merrimack
hereafter Monument Square. It was finished early
in April, 1865, and the intention was to dedicate it on the
19th, the anniversary of the event it commemorated ;
but the melancholy death of President Lincoln postponed
the services to June 17. April 28, the bodies were de
posited in the vault beneath the superstructure.
June 17th, 1865, dawned intensely hot, yet very
pleasant, and saw Lowell crowded with thousands of in
terested strangers, who had come from all quarters to
participate in the day s exercises. They were very suc-
3i4 THE LOWELL MONUMENT.
cessfully performed. More than 4500 persons were in
the procession, while the city, along the route, was
densely thronged. The oration was by Gov. Andrew,
and the religious exercises were conducted by Rev. Dr.
Amos Blanchard. The services of consecration were
performed by the Massachusetts Grand Lodge of Free
and Accepted Masons. The Governor closed his oration
in these words :
" Let this monument, raised to preserve the names of Ladd and
Whitney, the two young artisans of Lowell, who fell among the
first martyrs of the great rebellion, let this monument, now
dedicated to their memory, stand for a thousand generations. It
is another shaft added to the monumental columns of Middlesex.
Henceforth shall the inhabitants of Lowell guard for Massachu
setts, for patriotism, and for liberty, this sacred trust, as they of
Acton, of Lexington, of Concord, protect the votive stones which
commemorate the men of April, 75.
" Let it stand as Long as the Merrimac runs from the mountains
to the sea ; while this busy stream of human life sweeps on by the
banks of the river, bearing to eternity its freight of destiny and
hope. It shall speak to your children, not of death, but of im
mortality. It shall stand here, a mute, but expressive witness of
the beauty and the dignity of youth and manly prime, consecrated
in unselfish obedience to duty. It shall testify that gratitude will
remember, and praise will wait on, the humblest, who, by the in
trinsic greatness of their souls, or the, worth of their offerings,
have risen to the sublime peerage of virtue."
At the close of the services, a banquet was enjoyed at
Huntington Hall, which was richly decorated for the oc
casion. Among the adornments were about fifty portraits
of those who had laid down their lives for their country dur
ing the past four years, furnished by Count Schwabe, a
noble foreigner, who, during the war, contributed thou
sands of dollars for the relief of our sick and wounded
THE LOWELL MONUMENT. 345
soldiers. Beside the 1400 guests feasted here, multi
tudes were provided for elsewhere.
After dinner, in response to sentiments offered by C.
C. Chase, Esq., toastmaster, gentlemen were called up
by Hon. J. G. Peabody, mayor of the city, president of
the day. Rev. Mr. Peck, Gen. B. F. Butler, and Rev.
J. W. Hanson, responded. The latter was called out
by the following sentiment :
" THE SIXTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT, first in the field
of danger : its record will form a bright page in the history of the
The reponse was in rhyme, as follows :
" Of those who at Thermopylse were slain,
Glorious the doom and beautiful the lot;
Their tomb an altar: men from tears refrain,
To honor them and praise, but mourn them not !
Such sepulchre nor drear decay,
Nor all-destroying time shall waste! "
Two white-winged ships from Europe sought the late- discovered shore
Of bountiful America, and each full freightage bore,
To colonize the wilderness and found a mighty state,
To stand among the nations, down to time s remotest date.
In the Mayflower s rude cabin rode a freedom-loving band,
Resolved that Heaven s great institutes should govern ail the land,
Law, liberty, and knowledge, rights of man and fear of God,
Should go where er their homes and fanes should rise above the sod.
In the cabin of the other floated a lordly crew,
Whose highest law, " The many shall be subject to the few; "
And in the hold beneath them, stripped of all that manhood craves,
In manacles of iron, crouched a group of negro slaves.
Each colony a landing found; one reached old Plymouth Rock,
And on New England s sterile soil set freedom s hardy stock;
And one in fair Virginia planted that Upas tree
Beneath whose poison shadow lies the blight of slavery.
Both grew apace, their monuments rose high in all the land ;
The pilgrims built the school-house, the church, and sent the band
Of colonizing emigrants, till, like the vital air,
Their heaven-born institutions were potent everywhere.
346 THE LOWELL MONUMENT.
The other, cruel, arrogant, its deadly influence threw
Wherever its protecting folds the star-sprent banner flew,
Till all men s hearts were failing them, as they with anguish saw,
Suspended o er the land, the sword of Heaven s avenging law.
In the heart of each lay nourished a stern, relentless hate;
And both foreread the prophecy, writ by the pen of fate,
That in a mortal conflict they their forces should arra} T ,
And Liberty or Slavery bear universal sway.
At length the destined hour came on, when Slavery, filled with hate,
Drunken with human suffering, entrenched in church and state,
Lifted its iron gauntlet high, to smite, with dastard blow,
Time s last and best republic, to a fatal overthrow.
The flag that waved on Sumpter s walls, from Carolina s sands,
Was rent in twain by hostile shot, torn down by traitor hands;
And where the cloud-born eagle shrieked from out the stripes and stars,
The viper of secession hissed, behind its symbol bars.
But every cannon s loud-voiced wrath, that o er the country rolls,
Finds echoes quick responding in twenty million souls,
And legions swift, invincible, the summons gathers forth,
From the happy homes of freemen, in all the loyal North.
First to meet the hastening dangei*, foremost to do and die,
The sons of Massachusetts heard the loud alarum cry;
And Essex shops, and Suffolk mai ts, and Worcester valleys then,
And Middlesex s factories, sent out their bravest men.
On Baltimore s rude pavement their blood was freely shed;
With an immortal valor they the martyr legions led;
And on the bright ning pnges of the muster-roll of fame,
To-day we write, in living light, each proud, illustrious name.
Since then, what sacred blood has poured its tides of crimson glow,
By Mississippi s yellow floods, where James s waters flow,
Along Potomac s rugged banks, on Carolina s plains!
A thousand thirsty fields have drunk those pure and precious rains.
To-day four rapid years have passed, and lo ! each patriot jye
O er Richmond and o er Charleston sees again the old flag fly,
The rebel cohorts scattered wide, and Treason s power o erthrown,
Its altar s crumbled fragments in ruin wildly strewn.
A reunited country, restored by patriot hands,
Honored at home, and all abroad, she now securely stands,
Tier beauteous shield no longer marred by battle-dints and scars;
And on her untorn flag she wears all the old stripes and stars!
THE LOWELL MONUMENT. 347
Tears for the fallen martyrs who ve died without the sight
Of this, the glorious triumph-hour of Justice, Truth and Right !
Yet theirs a happier lot to win than ours but to receive ;
For blessed most of all are those whom God empowers to give!
Each grave shall be a hallowed shrine, a Mecca for men s feet,
Around whose sacred boundaries shall countless pilgrims meet,
To bless the hands that struggled, and the hearts that nobly bled,
The soldiers of the army, the living and the dead.
Among them all we celebrate OUR DEAD, who went before,
And poured their precious blood upon the ground of Baltimore;
Their noble lives and nobler deaths shall still be fondly known,
When Time, with iron tooth, shall gnaw to dust yon shaft of stone !
Hail ! NEEDITAM, WHITNEY, TAYLOR, LADD ! the pioneers were ye,
Who led the bright procession on to death-bought victory !
Your memories embalmed shall be in a grateful nation s tears,
Your names be passed from sire to son, down all the coming years !
And here shall linger loving hearts yoiir honored names to read;
Here generations yet unborn shall emulate each deed;
Your hands have joined to Seventy-Five the days of Sixty-One,
And mai ried fairest Baltimore to gallant Lexington !
To-day, upon this granite shrine, we kindle a new fire,
Whose flame upon its glowing hearth shall never more expire ;
Its light shall down the future shine, to guide the patriot s way;
And men shall learn to live and die, directed by its ray.
And when the drum forgets to throb, when o er the cannon s mouth
The spider weaves his web, and when, from North to farthest South,
The sword shall rest in idleness, the battle cry shall cease,
And o er the land the happy bells ring through long years of peace,
When, from Maine s rugged coast of pines to the far-off Golden Gate,
Our happy children shall possess a land regenerate,
And our blood-cemented Union, great, glorious, and free,
Shall draw the wand rers of all climes to a realm of liberty,
To the heroes who have fallen, the brave who ve lived and died,
To all who ve bled for Freedom s sake, she ll point, with holy pride,
And, leaning o er each silent bed, as here we bend to-day,
Will pour her choicest chrism on their consecrated clay.
The monument is of Concord granite, cruciform, meas
uring fifteen feet on the longer, and twelve on the shorter
348 THE LOWELL MONUMENT.
arms. It is twenty-seven feet and six inches high. The
central shaft is placed upon a plinth and high base, on
the two sides of which, forming the longer arms, are two
sarcophagi, having on their sides the names of the mar
tyred soldiers beneath, and on their ends granite leaves.
The cornices of the sarcophagi are ornamented with thir
teen raised stars ; four more are on the plinth trusses,
and four near the top of the shaft, making thirty-four,
the number of the States in 1861. On the other two
sides of the base, forming the shorter arms, are two
plinths, of the same height as the sarcophagi, on one of
which is the following inscription :
" Nothing is here for tears, nothing to wail,
Or knock the breast ; no weakness, no contempt,
Dispraise or blame ; nothing but well and fair,
And what may quiet us in a death so noble."
L. C. LADD. A. O. WHITNEY.
On the opposite plinth :
ADDISON O. WHITNEY,
BORN IN WALDO, ME., OCT. 30, 1839,
LUTHER C. LADD,
BORN IN ALEXANDRIA, N. H., DEC. 22, 1843,
Marched from Lowell in the 6 M. V. M. to the
Defence of the National Capital,
And fell mortally wounded in the attack
On their regiment while passing through
Baltimore, April 19, 1861.
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts,
And the City of Lowell,
Dedicate this monument to their memory,
April 19, 1865.
A. O. WHITNEY. L- C. LADD.
THE LOWELL MONUMENT. 349
The horizontal lines are merged into the vertical by
fluted trusses, resting upon the four arms ; and above
these is a plinth, with moulded base and ornamental
cornice, on two sides of which are bronzed medallions,
representing the coats of arms of Massachusetts and
Lowell, respectively. Upon the plinth is a pyramidal
shaft, terminating in a cone.
These ceremonies were a fitting conclusion to the
career of the Sixth during the great Four Years Rebel
lion. Having felt the first blows given in the war, it
had sent into other organizations those who received the
last blows, and who yet remain in the service of their
country. Not a moment during the struggle was it
unrepresented or misrepresented. And now, with its
ranks full, its discipline thorough, with accomplished
officers and brave men, it is, and (let us hope) will
ever remain, as in 1861, ready to quell domestic trea
son, or repel foreign aggression, should either ever
threaten. May it always do honor to its historic tra
ditions and fame !
THE adventures of the car containing company K and Major
Watson, having been somewhat different from those of the
rest of the regiment, the author desired Major Watson to
furnish the story in his own language. Just as this book was
being published, I received the following, which will be of great
interest to all. I extract from the Register that part which has
not previously been stated in these pages.
" LAWRENCE, October 30th, 1865.
" My dear Sir, I regret that my engagmcnts have not permitted me
time to comply with your request, that I should furnish you a state
ment of my recollections of the first campaign of the Old Sixth. I have
been too much engaged to write a single line at any time, for publication,
about the deeds of our good old regiment. In looking over the Massa
chusetts State Register for 1862, I find a statement which briefly and
imperfectly, but nevertheless substantially, embodies my recollections of
that part of the passage through Baltimore coming under my personal
observation. I think it is mainly to be relied on; but it would be
strange if all memories should exactly agree upon the details of that
exciting occasion. You are at liberty to make such use of this as you
may think proper. Very truly, your obedient servant,
"B. F. WATSON.
" Rev. JOHN W. HANSON,
" Chaplain and Historian of 6th Regiment Mass. Vol. Militia,
* * * " On arriving at the Susquehanna, our train was greatly
augmented by the addition of cars containing an unarmed corps
of young men, apparently from sixteen to twenty-two years of age,
numbering, as was said, about one thousand, and calling them
selves Small s Brigade. I am unaware that any official recognition
took place between the two corps at any time. In re-arranging
the train on the south side of the Susquehanna, it being night-time,
some of the cars, in which were a portion of the Sixth Regiment,
were misplaced, separating them-from the other companies of the
regiment, and breaking the order in which it was embarked in the
cars at Philadelphia ; namely, in regular order from right to left,
each company occupying a single car, the last and left com
pany being company K, Captain >ampson, from Boston. This
disarrangement of the line was not discovered by the regimental
officers, and was afterward the occasion of unhappy results. The
great length of the train so retarded its speed that we did not ar
rive in Baltimore until nearly noon. * * * The colonel also ordered
Major Watson, his second in command, to repair, upon the stop
ping of the train, to the left company, Capt. Sampson, to remain
in the car with that company until ordered to file out into place
in column, and charged him to see the rear of the battalion
through the city. When the train arrived and stopped, Major
Watson proceeded, in obedience to this order, through the gather
ing and excited crowd, from the forward car to that one containing
Capt. Sampson s command. No orders came to file out ; and, in
a few minutes time, all of the cars forward of the one occupied
by Capt. Sampson s company, or the larger portion of that com
pany, disappeared, and horses were being attached to that. We
knew nothing of the movements of the balance of the regiment,
as no intimation had been transmitted to us of a change in the
orders. Our car was drawn by horses until it came to the first
turn in the street, when, owing to the obstructions, it was thrown
from the track. Major Watson ordered Capt. Sampson to pre
vent his men from leaving the car, while he, with the aid of a pass
ing team, succeeded in replacing the car upon the track. At this
time, the mob were much excited, and many missiles were thrown
at and into the car. We proceeded on to Pratt Street, nearly
opposite the dock, when the mob surrounded the car, and, de
taching the horses, stopped the car in suspicious proximity to a
large pile of paving-stones. Here a most furious and determined
attack was made with stones and other missiles and fire-arms,
wounding several in the car, and making of it almost a complete
wreck. After we were fired upon, the fire was returned from
the car. Major Watson ordered the command to shelter them
selves, so far as was possible, by lying upon the floor of the car,
while he went out into the crowd, and by threats, enforced by
the formidable appearance of his revolver, compelled the driver
to re-attach the horses, and, amid a fresh volley, it went forward
a short distance, when the horses were again detached. Here
the crowd was less numerous, and Major Watson succeeded in
again getting the horses replaced ; and the car was drawn to the
Washington Depot without further difficulty, other than an occa
sional stray shot or brick-bat and torrents of imprecations and
ERRATA BY THE AUTHOR.
92, Huntington should be Harrington.
101, for Garson, read Ganson.
102, 1. 9, for May, read Maj.
118, 1. 2, for Harrsion, read Harrison.
" 1. 13, for Lowell, read Lovell.
150, and 151, for Terry, read Ferry.
322, 1. 12, For Mathu, read Mather.
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