PRINCETON, N. J
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PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, HAMBURG, N. J.
A HISTORY OF THE TOWNSHIP
NORTH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH,
HARDYSTON, SUSSEX COUNTY,
BY ALANSON A. HAINES, PASTOR.
Newton, N. J.
NEW JERSEY HERALD PRINT.
J. Indian Inhabitants and Pioneer Settlers 7
II. Some Early Settlers and their Families - 25
III. Early Families Continued - - 48
IV. Revolutionary Times - - 69
V. Iron Manufacture - - - 81
VI. Hamburg and Some of its People - 95
VII. The Second War With England ; Hamburg and
Paterson Turnpike Road ; Customs and Local
History - 108
VIII. Mexican and Civil AVars - 122
IX. Early Churches - - - 130
X. North Hardyston and Hamburg Presbyterian
Churches - - - 146
XL Ministry of Dr. Fairchild and Mr. Campbell 152
XII. North Church Continued, and History of other
Churches in Hardyston - - - 160
XIII. Register of North Presbyterian Church - 174
The purpose in preparing this volume has been to place in
durable form such incidents of history belonging to the Town and
the North Church of llardyston as might be of interest to those
now living, as well as of value for future reference. The work is
necessarily imperfect, for only what is remembered can be re-
corded, and many tilings deserving of notice have passed from
memory. It is a matter of regret that the effort was not sooner
made. ( )ur aged people have been rapidly passing away and
much that might have been gathered even twenty years ago is
lost. With gleanings from all available sources it is believed that
the main facts of local history have been secured and are truth-
Grateful acknowledgment is made to kind friends for the
generous aid they have given in the compilation of the work.
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS.
When the first settlers came to these regions they found them
already in possession of a race of men known to us as the American
Indians, whose origin has given rise to much discussion among
civilized people. Some have thought them indigenous to the
land, and others that they emigrated from the old world over both
the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, or came down by way of Green-
land, or by Behring straits to Alaska. They have peculiarities
which mark them as a distinct race. Their features and habits
were such that they cannot be allied with any other type of men,
but remain separate by themselves. Had adventerous crews or
stranded ships brought their progenitors here, hundreds and even
thousands of years ago, resemblances could have been traced to
the inhabitants of the old world, whether they came from eastern
Asia, western Europe, or Africa.
That they had been very numerous, we judge from thei 1 *
sepulchers which are often invaded by the spade of the excavator.
Where the plow turns the soil, we find every year, the stone
implements and flint arrow-heads of a prehistoric age. These
are the principal Indian relics that remain to us. They are so
abundant and are found in so many localities as to prove the
number and general diffusion of the old inhabitants. These stone
implements are of great variety and some of exquisite finish.
They are made of honestone, jasper, chalcedony and flint. They
are adapted to warlike, hunting and fishing purposes, as well as to
the requirements of common life. There are arrow and lance
heads, axes, some of which are grooved for handles, knives, hammer
stones, pestals and mortars. The chisels and gouges were used
in peeling bark from trees, and shaping the wood for purposes in
which it was employed. Their pipes were of various forms,
O 1IARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
beautifully polished, the bore being true, and they were fitted
to a wooden stem which was ornamented.
The mound builders were evidently a more cultivated people
who subsisted largely upon the products of the soil. The modern
Indians, when first discovered, were to some extent agricultural.
They protected their villages by stockades and ditches, and were
expert in many industrial pursuits. Their mats and baskets, their
fishing nets and feather cloaks, have long disappeared. They had
ornaments and beads, and belts decorated with wampum, made
with great skill and perseverance.
It has been customary to speak of the Indian as the untutored
savage. The habits of the Indians were different from our own,
but suited to the forest life they led. From the narrations of
those who lived with them, as the boys captured and adopted into
their tribes and afterwards released, we may believe that their
lodges were abodes of happiness and, according to their primitive
tastes, even of comfort. To suppose that they were so inferior to
white men as to have no refinement of sentiment and attraction in
character and bearing, would be a great mistake. They were
without a written language, but by certain marks and pictured
signs could convey news of victories and losses, and the numbers
of their own forces and of their enemies on a campaign. They had
their legends in poetic form, which they committed to memory and
handed down from generation to generation, and sang around
their fires. But they had no Homer to gather these legends and
clothe them in immortal verse, and tell of some Indian Achilles
or Hector of undying fame.
The language of the Delawares was said, by those who under-
stood and could appreciate it, to have been poetic and beautiful.
Their young braves were handsome. Their old chiefs were venerable
in appearance. The young were tall, erect, and moved with grace-
fulness. They were agile and skillful in capturtng the game with
which the woods abounded and upon which they largely fed. The
fish were abundant in the streams and lakes, and were taken with
bone hooks, or speared at night, when they were attracted to the
water's surface by the waving of flaming torches. The whites
learned lessons in hunting and fishing from the Indians, and made
INDIAN INHABITANTS AMD FIRST SETTLERS. 9
good use of the wood craft they derived from them. Our baskets
of oak splints are some of them still made upon their old
patterns. The Indians raised corn, pumpkins, squashes,
beans, and other vegetables, around their lodges. These
were cultivated by their squaws and the smaller boys, while the
men prided themselves on their prowess as hunters and trappers.
They planted orchards of apple, plum and cherry trees. In
my boyhood there were Indian orchards still bearing fruit in old
age, and some of their descendants may still be found, where a
native specimen stands by itself without mixture with those of
European origin. Fifty years ago there were in this neighborhood
several flats called " plum bottoms,'' that produced the red Indian
fruit in great profusion. The Indians had several varieties of
cherries. The berries were mostly growing wild, although the
red raspberries seems to have been planted and cultivated by them.
The government of the Indians may be described as simple
and patriarchal, and the chiefs exercised their authority for the
good of all the tribe. The sentiment of exact justice prevailed,
and harmony and good feeling were preserved.
The Lenni-Lenapi, called Delawares, from living in the
regions adjoining the Delaware River, are the Indians with
whom our immediate territory had the most to do. In many
respects they are the most interesting of the Indian tribes known
to us, from their historical legends and their intercourse with the
early settlers. If the historian Palfrey gives a correct view of
the Indians of New England, our Delawares were vastly their
superiors. Their language has been pronounced the most ex-
pressive of all the Indian tongues. They claimed to have been
the earliest comers of all the Algonquin tribes, and were called
the grandfathers of the nations. They were naturally of a
peaceful disposition, and often the arbitrators between the tribes
One remarkable tradition of the Lenni-Lenapi survives, and
we may regard it as their traditional account of the subjugation
and expulsion of the race known to us as the " Mound Builders,""
whose gigantic works extend along the entire length of the Ohio
and Mississippi rivers and are found at points in the Middle States.
10 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
" Hundreds of years ago," they said, " they resided in a far away
country toward the West. As they journeyed toward the sun,
they found the country east of the Mississippi possessed by a
people, the Allegewi, who had many large towns. A great war
ensued, in which the Allegewi were defeated and fled down the
Mississippi, and the Lenni-Lenapi occupied their country in
common with the Iroquois, or Six Nations, who had followed them
from the far West."
They had three divisions or great clans, known by their em-
blems of the wolf, the turtle, and the turkey, which are still distin-
guished and held by the little surviving remnant now in the far
off Indian Territory.
Previous to the coming of white men the Delawarcs had
greatly decreased in numbers, and many a village fire had gone
out never to be re-lighted. Great wars had thinned the ranks
of their braves and spread desolation through their forest homes.
Diseases, some of which had been introduced by Europeans,
spread among them and swept away many thousands. These
epidemics were beyond the power of their simple remedies to
check. The weakness of the Indians, and the naturally peace-
ful and inoffensive disposition of the Delawares, were favorable
to the settlement of Northern New Jersey. They manifested
a friendly disposition toward the new comers. With their own
numbers small and the land so wide, they were less jealous of
intrusion than if they had been more numerous and re-
quired the whole country for their own occupation. They made
liberal grants of land in exchange for very trifling sums. The
early settlers purchased of them sites for their homes, and built
their cabins without much fear ; they pursued game on the
Indian hunting grounds, and fished in their waters, visited them
in their villages, and received their visits in return.
The Missionary, David Brainerd, from 1742 to the close of
his labors, passed among them in his long tours unmolested. The
Dutch settlers were living in amity with them at their first settle-
ment upon the upper Delaware as far back as 1680, when they
journeyed inland from the Hudson River. We have some accounts
of the massacre of whites and torture of captives, but they were
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. 11
liot usual, and the atrocities of King Phillip's war in New Eng-
land, found no counterpart in the conflicts of very early times
along our border. Our ancestors suffered most from Indian
depredations during the old French war, when the Indians were
invited to massacre and plunder by the emissaries of a civilized
nation. So, too, during the Revolutionary war, the British officers
employed Indians in their murderous work, and disguised Tories
led them in marauding expeditions. That the improper conduct
of the whites sometimes provoked to retaliation and bloodshed,
does not fix any special ferocity upon those whose soil was invaded,
and who, as the whites multiplied, might well be alarmed lest
their homes should soon be entirely lost to them. We read that,
in 1774, an unprovoked invasion of the Indian country was made
by a party of land hunters. Without cause the Delaware Chief,
Bald Eagle, was killed, scalped, and his body set adrift in his own
canoe on the river. The celebrated chief Logan, whose family
had been ruthlessly murdered, led on parties of the Delawares and
Shawnees to terrible reprisals. The Indians were said to have
been revengeful, but how were the whites ? Tom Quick, called
the Indian slayer, and avenger of the Delaware, was said to have
slain ninety-nine of them in revenge for his father's death, and
to have only regretted that he could not make the number an
The great superiority of the white man was in the possession
of the axe and the rifle. The woodman's axe found no competitor
among their stone hatchets. A white man could clear his ground,
cut and hew his logs and build his cabin — a more enduring
structure — in shorter time than they could cut their poles
and roof their wigwams. Firearms were deadly instruments
against the Indians. In the chase they gave the white
man the superiority in killing game, which grew scarcer with
the greater slaughter of animals. In battle the Indians had
little hope of success if victory must be won against firearms with
only bow and spear. They learned, however, to make their
attacks and draw the white man's fire, and then rush upon him
before he could reload, and overcome him by force of numbers.
The whites in emergency learned to hold their fire, and often by
12 HAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
merely pointing at the Indians kept them at bay. We read of the
Indian atrocities which are on record, but we have not the full
statement of the more frequent acts of injustice and cruelty,
perpetrated by the whites upon the Indians. They were doomed
to pass away when the first settlers were permanently established,
and the process began when our fathers landed and followed their
trails along the streams and over the hills. We tread upon their
graves and plow among their bones, but have lost the story of
The Indian population among our Sussex hills was sparse at
the beginning of the eighteenth century, and became more so
as many withdrew into the Susquehanna country, or passed on
into Ohio, abandoning many of their settlements. Yet there were
scattered communities and a few families that long remained, and
traces of their blood may be seen in the complexion and features
of some of the mixed race yet living among us. The Indians
often tamely submitted to oppression with a forbearance white
men never exercised, although they would nourish revenge and
sometimes rise in resistance and strike back deadly blow^.
Edsall says in his Sussex County Centennial Address : " No
difficulties with the red men are of record before 1755, or have
been handed down by tradition. The settlers purchased their
lands and dealt equitably with the Indians and were accorded
privileges of hunting and fishing." Although in general on good
terms with the aborigines, the settlers felt the necessity of
guarding against treachery, and took precautions against hostile
surprises. They placed their houses in proximity, and cut loop-
holes for musketry in the log walls. Sometimes they stockaded
about their homes. Women and boys, as well as men, were
practiced in the use of the rifle, and often exercised their skill
effectively against wild beasts, as well as in preparation for the
In very early times Sussex county was a favorite hunting-
ground for the Indians, and was mostly covered with a dense
forest. As by war and pestilence the tribes diminished in
numbers, the game multiplied for the survivors, who found
here all that delights the heart of the red hunter. Among
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. L3
the birds were geese, clucks, wild turkeys, pigeons, partridges and
quail. The deer were so plentiful as to furnish a common supply
of Indian food. Fish abounded in the lakes and streams, and
were taken with bene hooks or in nets. Oposum, otters and
beavers were often killed. The beavers were particularly hunted
for their furs, and after white men came, the beaver skin became
a great article of commerce.
The first white settlers were greatly troubled by beasts of prey.
Panthers, bears, wildcats and wolves, dwelt in the woods, and often
prowled around the settlers' homes, killing sheep and calves, and
even threatening men. Hunters were compelled to keep their fires
burning all night when they bivouaced on the mountains. Wolf
scalps or heads were nailed on the outside of many a cabin, a pleasing
exhibition of the hunter's success in the chase after these ravagers.
The destruction caused by a single wolf, or a pair of wolves, for
they generally went in pairs, in one night among a flock of sheep
would be fearful. The old wolves became exceedingly cunning
to escape pursuit or to avoid the traps set for them, and the she
wolves when they had young were the fiercest and most ravenous.
The American gray wolf was nearly four feet long, with a
bushy tail of eighteen or twenty inches. Some overgrown speci-
mens might have been even larger. Although about the same
height and length as the European wolf, the American was more
muscular and had more powerful jaws. The general color was a
grey, with some much lighter than others.
Sometimes a great hunt would be organized for the destruc-
tion of a single wolf, which had broken into some sheep
fold. The hunters surrounded a large district, or a mountain
side, within which they supposed the wolf was lurking and then
came in closer and closer until he was found. "Wolves are afraid
of fire, and of the human eye, and seldom attack men. Large
bounties were paid for killing wolves. In 1730 the New Jersey
Legislature passed " An act to encourage the killing of wolves
and panthers." A reward of twenty shillings was paid for every
wolf's head to the slayer ; five shillings for every whelp of a wolf
that cannot prey ; and for every panther fifteen shillings.
In 1751 an amendment to this act was passed. The preamble
14 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
says, " Whereas it is found by experience that said act is not a
sufficient encouragement for the killing of wolves," and the
amendment provided, that " the further sum of forty shillings shall
be paid for every wolf killed, and five shillings for every whelp of
a wolf, over and above the allowance in the first act."
December, 1807, the flock of Thomas Lawrence, of Ham-
burg, was invaded by wolves and a number of sheep killed.
As late as 1820 twenty dollars were paid for a wolf's scalp ;
and boys who could handle a gun received two dollars for each of
the wild cat's heads they brought to the Justice of the Peace. The
" Squire '' cut off the ears and gave the slayer a certificate entitling
him to draw his money. Wolves were on Snufftown mountain in
the recollection of men now living who can recall their howling at
Black bears were formerly quite numerous. They seldom
attacked a man, but when standing on the defensive, would tear
the dogs with their claws when they ventured near enough to be
caught, or squeeze them to death with their paws. They would
sometimes come into the corn fields and devour the green corn.
With their sharp claws they could very quickly climb the largest
trees. Bears meat was highly esteemed by the settlers.
In 1818 Peter Shafer killed a bear and three cubs in a clump
of trees, not far from the big rock, in the Wallkill, below the
Haines House. Near 1823 two bears were killed in the vicinity
of Monroe Corner and the meat was divided among the families.
Still later a bear was discovered on the James Scott place in the
early morning by a man who was very much frightened at seeing
him emerge from a hollow. The man ran back and gave the
alarm. Scott's boys and others joined in the pursuit but were un-
successful. The latest bear killed in these parts was found in
Wawayanda mountain about 1860, and his skin was made into a
Deer were so plentiful in olden time that they formed a
common food for the Indians. Fifty years ago they were killed
upon the mountain about Oak Ridge. A herd of deer was also
hunted on the Blue mountain on the line of the Hamburg and
Milford turnpike road within a much more recent period. Very
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. 15
frequently they would come down from Pike county, and swim
the Delaware, or cross upon the ice to reach our Sussex mountains.
In 1836 vension was eaten from a deer, shot within a few miles
The Indians had much skill in smoking and dressing for
preservation the skins of the animals they slew, and especially in
preparing the buck-skin of which to a large extent their clothing
was made. The furs of different animals were spread in their
wigwams, or covered the dried grass of which their beds were
The most venomous serpents were the rattlesnakes. These
abounded in some localities and were objects of dread. Yet it is
wonderful, that in proportion to their numbers and power for
mischief, these reptiles destroyed so few of the lives of the early
The men sometimes stripped bark from young white ash
trees and tied it about their legs when they went upon surveying
parties, or were working in places where they were much exposed.
The rattlesnakes, it is said, would avoid the white ash, and if they
did strike, their fangs could not penetrate beyond the bark.
Immigrant families as they went through the woods in search
of their new homes sometimes drove before them their swine,
who were very ravenous in devouring the snakes, and because of
the fat under their skin, suffered very little when they were bitten.
The Indian dwellings were huts, called wigwams. The frame
was made by driving poles into the ground and bending them over
until they came together at the top. They were bound in their
places by cords of hemp or thongs of leather. Stakes were driven
to form the sides, and the roof was of bark.
The early settlers had very primitive structures, but these
were great improvements upon those of the Indians. They felled
trees and scored them for the walls of their cabins, using: often
the bark of chestnut trees for roofing. Afterwards shingles were
split out of red oak trees, or pines when they could be found ; but
for want of nails, slabs were frequently substituted. The doors
were hung without iron hinges, and the window, if any, was
unglazed. One room constituted the house.
1(> IIAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
After a little time the capacit} 7 of their dwellings was doubled,
by putting a second house close by, and near enough to have'
one roof cover both, leaving a passage-way between. Sometimes
this was wide enough for the storing of the farm implements or
even the running in of a wagon. The doors [being opposite, the
access was easy from one room to another. These were called
double houses and saddle-bag houses. My grandmother described
them as common in her youth. In such a house lived Peter
Coulter, and the Itutans, and the Perry family towards Vernon
sixty or seventy years ago. John McCoy lived in such a house
on the bank of the Papakating creek. There were no saw mills,
here at the erection of the earliest frame houses, and all the sawed
lumber had to be hauled from a distance of many miles.
The last log house in the village of Hamburg was the Sam
Sidman house, with two rooms and two chimneys, standing near
the site of Colonel Kemble's barn.
The Indians cracked their corn in mortars with a pestle. The
mortal's were sometimes made of stone but more frequently of
some hard wood which would not split. For this they chose the
gum tree or sweet balsam. Acquackanunck was so called by them,
meaning (lie place of gum blocks. The pestle or pounder was of
stone, which varied in length and weight. The whites were often
obliged to do as the Indians before they had mills. Some old
families have the stone pounders which were in use a hundred
years ago by their ancestors, and which they received from the
Previous to 1700 families of Hugenots, driven from France
upon the revocation of the edict of Xantz, and exiled from
Holland, had settled on the Hudson at the mouth of the Wallkill
at Esopus, or Kingston. By penetrating into the country they
reached the mouth of the Navarsink where another colony was
formed. The name they gave the river testifies to the nationality
of the settlers who conferred it, and who where once inhabitants of
Navarre in France. So too, the name of our principal stream, the
Wallkill river, which was named by the Holland settlers after the
river Waal in the Low Lands. So Wallabout bay, Brooklyn Navy
Yard, was named from the Waaloons, farmers from Holland. The
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLEKS. 17
Xavasink Colony sent some of its families over the Kittatinny
mountain to find their homes in our part of the Wallkill Valley.
Then from Kingston, by a more direct route following up the
Wallkill, families of Huguenots and Hollanders strayed into this
vicinity where they established themselves.
The French and Dutch names still linger here, aud are borne
by some of our families. Of these some retain the original
spelling and pronunciation, and others may be recognized in some-
what corrupted form. Thus we find names of French origin
testifying to their Huguenot descent ; among whom we may place
La Fountain, Ballou, Chardavoyne, Bevier, L'Hommedieu,
In a letter written from Quebec by M. de Denonville to the
French Minister, dated 16th Nov., 1686, the writer says: "The
same man from Manat told me that within a short time fifty or
sixty men, Huguenots, arrived there from the Island of St.
Christopher and Martinique, who are establishing themselves at
Manat and its environs. I know that some have arrived at Boston
from France. There again, are people to operate as Banditti,"
[Documentary History X. Y. 1: 225.] Some of these were an-
cestors of our people.
In 1700 there were few if any white settlers in the territory of
Sussex county except in the Minisink region bordering upon the
Delaware River. They are said to have gone there in search
of minerals. A road had been constructed from Pahaquarry to
Esopus, a distance of one hundred miles. It was the earliest work
of any considerable length constructed by Europeans in North
America. It is still a thoroughfare and remains an enduring
monument cf the enterprise of the hardy Hollanders. [See
Edsall's Centennial Address.]
The Minisink region forms parts of New York, Pennsylvania
and New Jersey. It includes the townships of Montague, Walpack
and Sandyston in our county. When Wantage extended to the
Delaware river it embraced a portion of the Minisink country.
It was called by the Indians the country of the " Minsies," or
separate people, because long before they separated from the
Indians at Columbia and Belvidere, and passed by way of the
18 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
Indian Ladder through the Water Gap to the other side of the
Pohoqualin Mountain, which is a part of our Kittatinny or Blue
In 1682 and succeeding years, while New Jersey was under
a Quaker Governor, many persecuted Presbyterians came from
Scotland to New Jersey and found their way in time to the
northern part of the province. About 1730, families of English
origin began to arrive in our vicinity. Some of these came from
Massachusetts Bay Colony, some from Connecticut, and others
from Long Island by way of Amboy and Elizabethtown. The
proprietors of New Jersey encouraged immigration, with a desire
to enhance the value of their lands, and held out inducements to
settlers by making grants of land on easy terms.
In David Brainard's diary, S May, 1744, he writes, "Travelled
about forty-five miles to a place called Fishkill, and lodged there.
Spent much of my time, while riding, in prayer that God would
go with me to the Delaware. My heart was sometimes ready to sink
with the thoughts of my work, and going alone in the wilderness,
I knew not where." He crossed the Hudson, and went to Goshen
in the Highlands ; and so travelled across the woods, from the
Hudson to the Delaware, about a hundred miles, through a
desolate and hideous country above New Jersey where were very
few settlements ; in which journey he suffered much fatigue and
hardship. He visited some Indians in the way, at a place called
Minisink, and discoursed with them concerning Christianity.
"Was m elan ch oily and disconsolate, being alone in a strange
wilderness. On Saturday, May 12, came to a settlement of Irish
and Dutch people, and proceeding about twelve miles further
arrived at Sakhauwotung, an Indian settlement [near Easton]
within the Forks of the Delaware," "28 May. Set out from the
Indians above the Forks of the Delaware, on a journey towards
Newark, in New Jersey, according to my orders. Rode through
the wilderness ; was much fatigued with the heat ; lodged at a
place called Black River [now Chester, Morris Co.]; was exceed-
ingly tired and worn out." "17 Feb. 1745. Preached to the
white people in the wilderness [somewhere in Warren Co.], upon
the sunny side of a hill ; had a considerable assembly, consisting
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. ID
of people who lived, at least many of them, not less than thirty
miles asunder ; some of them came near twenty miles."
Smith describes Sussex Co., 1765, or twenty years later,
as "a frontier, uot much improved and having but few
inhabitants," while the act of 1768 giving Sussex the right to
representation in the Legislature, says, "Whereas, the counties of
Morris, Cumberland and Sussex are now become very populous,
&c." When the Provincal authorities in 1709 defined the
Ixmndaries of West Jersey, they included the territory of Sussex
within the limits of Burlington. When Hunterdon was formed in
1713 we belonged to that county ; when Morris, in 1738, we were
included within its bounds. The Provincial Legislature by enact-
ment, Sth June, 1753, established the county of Sussex. The
name was given by Governor Jonathan Belcher in compliment
to the Duke of New Castle, whose family seat was in Sussex
Count} 7 , England. Some English miners from Sussex, England,
had also opened an iron mine at Andos r er, which they called the
Sussex mine. Walpack and New-Town Townships embraced
nearly all of the present territory of our county until Wantage was
formed from New-Town, May, 1751. Ilardyston from New-Town,
1762. Ilardyston was named for Josiah Hardy, who was Gover-
nor of New Jersey, 1761-1763. It included the present townships
of Vernon and Sparta. Vernon was set off from it in 1792, and
Sparta in 1845.
When in 1738 Morris county was erected, the northern part
of New Jersey began to attract attention. This region from a
remote period had been the favorite residence of the Indians, but
the migration to hunting grounds more remote made their
population sparse. The wise policy of the Proprietors of East
New Jersey, under whom we now came after the county's
erection, greatly promoted its early settlement. Representa-
tions of the great fertility of the lands, the abundance of game,
the fewness of the Indians, and the many other inducements
offered, were freely circulated, and adventurous sons of the first
European settlers, as well as many new comers, turned their faces
northward. The tide of immigration flowed in until the people
in 1750 petitioned the Provincial Authorities to form a new
20 HAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
county, and relieve them from the inconvenience and expense of
attending the courts at Morristown. The Assembly, 8th June, 1753,
passed " An act for erecting the upper part of Morris county, in
Is ew Jersey, into a separate county to be called the county of
Sussex, and for building a Court House and goal." The first court
of justice was held November, 1753, in Jonathan Pettit's house in
Ilardwick, near where Johnsonsburg now is, and in which vicinity
the "Log Goal" was built. The courts continued here
until February, 1756, when they were ordered to be held in
New-Town. Henry Harelocker was a Hollander, who built a log
cabin on the site of Newton, on lands of Jonathan Hampton, about
the year 1750. There was not another cabin for miles around in
any direction. The question of location for the Court House was
under discussion. The courts had been held in Ilardwick near
Log Jail, now Johnsonsburg ; Stillwater put forth strong claims
for the selection ; but the act of Assembly, 1761, directed the Court
House to be erected upon the plantation occupied by Harelocker,
doubtless through the influence of Jonathan Hampton who owned
the land. Several pieces of ground in the vicinity were donated
and sold, and other dwellings were put up. This was the beginning
of Newton, which was long called Sussex Court House, and bore
that name for four years after it was given a post office, from March
20th, 1793 to July 1st, 1707. The Indians called it the " Side
Hill Town," Chinkchewunska, in their language.
( )ur population was increased by the arrival of many new fami-
lies, until 1755. In this year on the 8th of July General Braddock
was defeated on the banks of the Monongahela river. This defeat
gave the Indians very exalted opinions of French power and
martial ability, and they listened more readily to the emissaries
sent to induce them to plunder the English settlements. There
was much alarm, and rumors came of the hostile disposition of the
Indians, but this was not believed of those who had so long lived
at peace with our settlers along the Delaware. Teedyuscung, the
great Indian King, declared that they went upon the war path,
not so much to please the French, as to maintain their own rights,
and to retaliate for the wrongs they suffered. White men were
INDIAN INHABITANTS ATD FIRST SETTLERS. 2 1
everywhere imposing upon them, and would often induce the
Indians to drink, that they might rob them while intoxicated, or
gain their signatures to agreements giving away their lands.
Claims were often set up, founded upon agreements made with
Indians, who bargained away what did not belong to them, —
the white men then driving off the rightful possessors. The evic-
tion of the christian Indians from their settlements in Burlington
County, and the dishonesty of William Penn's agents, aroused at
last their resentment. They felt that nothing was secure and
after many council fires, war upon white men was begun. The
New Jersey Legislature, alarmed by the hostilities in Pennsylvania
and the bloodshed along our western border, appointed commis-
sioners who held a convention at Crosswicks, in 1756, and in
accordance with an agreement there made, a bill was passed upon
the assembling of the Legislature the next year, removing some
of the difficulties of which the Indians complained. Among these
were intrusions upon lands they had never sold, the insisting upon
forged deeds, and the ruthless, destruction of the deer upon which
they largely depended for subsistence. This commission pre-
served the peace in the lower counties, but the Minisink and Wap-
ping and other Indians committed twenty-seven murders on our
side of the Delaware within one year from May, 1757, besides
carrying away many captives.
The alarm was so great that two terms of court, which was
now for the first time removed from near Jolmsonsburg and ap-
pointed at the house of Thomas Wolverton in New Town, were
not held, " by reason of troublesome times with the Indians."
Judge VanCampen repaired to Elizabeth town, by express, to lay
before the Governor and Council the exposed condition of Sussex
County. The Provincial Authorities " authorized the erection of
four block houses, 27 Dec. 1755, at suitable distances from each
other, near the River Delaware, in the County of Sussex," and
ordered the enlistment of 250 men to garrison them. Westfall's
block house was the most northerly, and the one at the mouth of
the Pequest the most southerly, with two between them. The one
in AValpack was named Fort Nomanock. The forts were rapidly
built and garrisoned, and all preparations made for defense. Much
22 HAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
zeal was shown for enlistment, and with tidings of every fresh
murder new recruits offered themselves as avengers of their fallen
countrymen. It is a matter of regret that our records of that
garrison life are so meagre, and that we have so few of the names
of the volunteers. This township was doubtless represented
among the troops who formed the garrisons. Parties of Indians
sometimes came in between the forts, and would attack isolated
families, and murder or take them prisoners.
Robert Price, the grandfather of our venerable elder Samuel
O. Price, of the North Church, was long in their hands. "When
a small boy, he was taken a prisoner by the Indians at one of the
massacres in the Eastern States. He and bis mother were
marched off together, and she being somewhat conversant with
the language of the savages, soon learned from their conversation
and gestures that she was herself to be dispatched, and told her
son. She said to him that he must not cry when they killed her,
or they would kill him too. She marched only a few rods farther
before she was killed, and the boy was adopted by a squaw who had
lost her own child a few days previous. lie lived with the Indians
until he was over twenty-one years old and was then rescued by
lils friends. It was a long time before he became thoroughly
reconciled to civilized society, and he sometimes expressed a desire
to return to the Indians, but the feeling gradually wore away.
Several years after his release he removed to Frankford Township."
[Barber & Howe]. He died 15th Jan. 1782, fifty-one years of
age, and is buried, with Abigail, his wife, in the Plains burying
His son John married for his second wife Susannah Hover,
whose father, Manuel Hover, was also captured by the Indians and
then rescued very much as Robert Price above mentioned. So
that both the grandfathers of Mr. S. O. Price were in their boyhood
captives in the hands of the red men. Manuel Hover, captain of
militia, lived to quite an old age and told many incidents of those
troublous times. Once a party of Indians had been driven off,
leaving one of their number dead, and scalped. The scalp was
brought into the house and hung on a nail in a closet. At night
there was a great rapping at the door, but the inmates could see no
JND1AN INHABITANTS AND FIKST SETTLERS. 23
one. Another night the dogs barked most furiously and an at-
tack was expected, but none was made. They learned later
that a party of Indians swam part way across the river and then
A son of Colonel Oliver Spencer, and grandson of Robert
Ogden, Sr., of Ogdensburg, was, somewhat later, captured and
carried far west, and thence to Canada. He was believed to be
living, and great efforts were made to secure his release, but this
was not eftected until he was a grown man. His return to his
friends was made a matter of treaty with the Indians, and through
the interposition of the British authorities, \vho agreed that he
should be given up at the request of the United States govern-
In June, 1758, Governor Bernard, of New Jersey secured a
conference which was held at the Forks of the Delaware, near
Easton, which the Indians termed the place of their " Old Council
Fire." He attended, himself, with the commissioners, and with
magistrates and freeholders from botli States of New Jersey and
Pennsylvania. Fourteen different tribes were represented by five
hundred and seven Indians who sat down in the council. Our
State had already appropriated £1,60C to extinguish Indian claims,
and it was agreed that £1,000 more should be added for damages,
and the Indians should forever renounce all claims to lands on the
east side of the river. Our frontier by these means was freed
from Indian aggression from the time of the treaty until the war
of the Revolution.
Through the labors of Brainerd and the Moravian missionaries,
numbers of the Indians had already been converted to Christianity,
and the way was now open for more successful labor among them.
The King, Teedyuscung, who had been a leader in the war, at
the conference declared his purpose to settle with his people in
Wyoming, where he would build a town such as white men live
in, and have the religion of Christ preached to them and the
children instructed in schools. He passed the winter at Bethlehem,
and the next spring carpenters were sent to the site of his new
town, who built him a house, around which his tribe put up many
of their lodges. Here he lived for five years, until his house was
24 HAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
lired at night by his treacherous enemies, the Iroquois, and the
king of the Delawares was burned to death.
The following may be regarded as the closing history of the
Delawares : " When first discovered by the whites they were
living on the banks of the Delaware river. Early in the 17th
century the Dutch commenced trading with them under friendly
relations. Subsequently William Penn bought large tracts of land
from them, moving them inland. A war followed this purchase,
the Indians alleging they had been defrauded, but, with the
assistance of the Six Nations, the whites forced them back west
of the Alleghany mountains. In 1789 they were placed upon a
reservation in Ohio, and in 1818 were moved to Missouri. Various
removals followed until 1866, when they accepted lands in severalty
in the Indian Territory, and gave up the tribal relation. They
are now living in civilized fashion, and have become useful and
prosperous citizens. They number between 1,000 and 1,100."
WALLING HOUSE. 1750.
SOME EARLY SETTLERS AND THEIR FAMILIES.
No certain date can be given for the arrival of the first settlers
within the limits of Hardyston. Several cabins were built on the /
site of the village of Hamburg near 1740. Colonel Isaac Cary
had already built his log house on the site of the present North
Church, where his son Isaac Cary, Junior, was born, 1742. By
1750 there were enough Presbyterian families in the vicinity to
hold religious meetings in their own dwellings.
Joseph Walling, Sr., came in very early. He owned a
tract of land extending from the Wallkill, and the lands of the
Sharps and the Lawrences, for nearly a mile east. He lived at
first in a log house, but, about 1750, erected his frame dwelling.
Some have called this the first frame house in Hamburg. At any
26 HAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
rate, it was superior to all that had preceded it, and standing on
the State road, was for more than a century the central landmark
of the village. The house was licensed as an inn, and on ancient
maps the place is designated as " YVallings." It was consumed by
fire in 1859 and the house of Richard E. Edsall now stands upon
When General Washington, during the Revolutionary War,
passed through from Newburg to Easton, he is said to have dined
at the stone house of Colonel John Hathorn, this side of Warwick,
to have spent the night in the Walling house, and the night
following at New Town, where he was entertained by Thomas
Ai^derson, assistant Quartermaster of the Continental army. The
room is still shown in the Anderson house where he slept.
The story is rather mythical that Mrs. Washington accom-
panied him, and after breakfast walked in the garden of the
Walling house and brought back a roll of blue carded wool which
had blown out of the hall, remarking " It was worth saving."
Joseph Walling, Jr., built what is commonly called the
Samuel Riggs house, which is still standing. There he died at
the age of twenty-four, leaving three children, Francis, Joseph
and Polly. The land passed out of their hands. Francis, when
grown, lived at Amity, but returned for one year to Hamburg and
worked at the tanner's trade. They were ancestors of the Wallings
now living among us.
Francis Inman, second son of Joseph Walling, Sr., removed
to Montague, and the daughter went to Western New York.
Samuel Fitz Randolph removed from Piscataway, near New
Jirunswick, and came into possession of the Walling tract. He
married Elizabeth Hull and lived in the Walling house for a few
years, and there his son Jeptha was born in 1TS0. Samuel died
in his thirty-third year, and his tombstone is in Papakating grave
yard. His widow married again and had children by her second
husband. His son Jeptha, born in Hamburg, died near Beemer-
villein 1863. Jeptha's son, Samuel Fitz Randolph, owns the farm,
formerly Colonel Cary's, at the North Church where he now
resides. Reuben, son of Samuel, Sr., was Major of Militia during
the late war with England. When a levy of Sussex troops
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. 27
was sent to Sandy Hook, he was in failing health, and paid quite
a sum for exemption money.
Henry Simpson, who had previously removed from Long
Island to Baskingridge, came here in 1750. His lands lay east of
the AValling tract extending to McAfee Valley. His second wife
was the Widow Elizabeth Cross, supposed to have been related to
the family of the celebrated Rev. John Cross, of Baskingridge
She was a woman of some cultivation and an ardent Presbyterian.
Henry Simpson's son, Henry 2d, married her daughter by her,
first husband. From these ancestors are descended most of the
Simpsons of this vicinity. They lived at first in log houses, but
after a while Henry 2d built the frame dwelling which was only
recently taken down to make room for the new house of Ora
Henry Simpson 3d, was born in this house 1757. He died
in 1841, on the William Edsall farm below the mountain, where
he lived. He married Marcy Pettit, who was born 1757, and died
1831. He was a Revolutionary soldier and is mentioned in N. J.
Official Register, page 753. His son John, at the time of his en-
listment, was too young to serve in the ranks, and was transfered
as teamster to Captain Dunn's Team Brigade.
Mary, daughter of Henry 2d, was born at McAfee Valley L7t'»U,
and died at Rudeville, 1851. She married James, commonly
called " Coby," Edsall, a Revolutionary soldier and pensioner.
Isaac Gary, Sr., lived in a log house which stood, as nearly
as can be ascertained, on the site of the present North Church. At
that time most of the region was an unbroken wilderness inhab-
ited mainly by Indians. The date of his arrival is unknown, but
his son Isaac was born here in 1712. He came into possession of
at least two extensive tracts of land, one in the vicinity of his
dwelling and the other above Upper Hamburg, or Hardystonville,
as it is now frequently called. He took part, it is supposed, in the
French and Indian war in 1757, and was said to have been an
officer in the army of the Revolutionary war, although his name
does not appear in the Official Register among the New Jersey
troops. lie was known as " Old Colonel Caiy," designating his
venerable years and his military rank. Everv mention of him is
28 HAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
respectful, and we may regard him as a man of honor and piety.
He was a leading man in Colonial times and exerted much influ-
ence. He was largely instrumental in the erection of the first
North Church, which stood in the grave yard and always bore the
name of " C ary's Meeting House."
As early as 1750, Presbyterians in the vicinity held religious
meetings in their own homes. When the matter of building a
house of worship was agitated, Colonel Gary insisted that it should
be on the hill above his house, and carried his point. This state-
ment was made by the late Judge Richard R. Morris. The date
of the erection of the meeting house is unknown, but the oldest
date upon the tombstones in the yard is 1774.
Colonel Cary's grave is unmarked by any stone, but is still
pointed out by his descendants and is near the old brown head-
stone of his son.
Isaac Cary, Jr., was born in his father's log house on the
site of the present North Church, February, 1742, and lived in
the old house which stood on the corner of the road until taken
down by J. B. Monnell. He married Eunice Beardslee, who
was born in 1751, and who died in 1850, at the age of 9S years,
at the house of Captain Goble, of Sparta, her son-in-law. Her
recollection was very distinct of many occurrences of her youth.
At the time of her birth her parents were living upon Hamburg
Mountain. There were rumors of Indian troubles, and for secur-
ity her father built a log house against the rocks, where a cave
behind made a second room, in which she was born. This was
near where the Gate House stood in later times.
The North Church lands of Isaac Cary, Jr., passed into the
hands of the Beardslee family, and he removed to upper Hamburg
and lived upon another tract of land inherited from his father,
now constituting the Rude farms in that vicinity, and adjoining
the property of Henry AV. Couplin. lie lived in the log house
which stood on the opposite side of the road from Jonathan
Dymock's house. He had two sons, John and Mahlon, and six
daughters. Maria, married a Rude ; Nancy, Captain Isaac
Goble ; Hannah, William Reeves, who built the Jonathan Dym-
ock house, became a Methodist minister, and removed to Newark ;
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. 29
Polly married Henry Edsall, and, after his death, kept the moun-
tain turnpike gate and was the mother of Benjamin PI. Edsall ;
Phebe married William Osborne, a blacksmith, who changed the
log house, after it came into his possession, into a blacksmith shop ;
Emiline married a Heminover. Isaac Cary, Jr., was a mag-
istrate, and his headstone at the North Church reads, " Sacred to
the memory of Isaac Cary, Esquire, who died January 18th, 1791,
aged 48 years and 11 months."
Captain John B. Cary, the eldest son of Isaac, Jr., was born
at the North Church and lived for many years in Upper Ham-
burg, until he removed to Sparta township. He commanded one
of the four companies of the Second Sussex Militia that went to
Sandy Hook in 1812. After the war he was Captain for a time
of the Hamburg Cavalry Company. He married Hannah Ham-
mond, who died in 1888, aged 85 years, and is buried beside him
in Sparta church yard.
The Hamburg Cavalry Company was composed of young
men who owned their own horses and accoutrements. They wore
the Continental uniform with leather helmets and long horse-hair,
feathers. Some of their uniforms were in existence until recently
and a sword or two is yet shown.
Charles Beardslee, Sr., was born in 1742 and died March
5th, 1803. He was said to have been a Revolutionary soldier,
and was called "Colonel." His parents were living on the Hamburg
Mountain in 1751, at the time of the birth of his sister Eunice.
He lived with Colonel Cary at the North Church and is supposed
to have married his daughter. Pie was twenty years of age at the
time of the birth of his son, Charles, Jr. All the Cary tract of
land finally came into the possession of his descendants. Part of
the lands came to the Beardslees by inheritance, and through
intermarriage, and other portions by purchase. The North
Church tract, comprising fifteen hundred or more acres, is now
divided into eight good sized farms. Upon it Charles Beardslee
built several houses for himself and his sons.
Charles Beardslee, Jr., was born in 1762 and died in 1818.
His wife was a Schofield. Samuel Beardslee, their son, was born
in 1813, and died in 1863. He married Sarah Kimble, born in
30 HARDY8TON MEMORIAL.
1813, and died in 187T. They were the parents of Samuel A.
Beardrfee, who died in 1881, in his forty-first year.
George was Captain of a Company of Sussex 2d Regt., and
took his company to Sandy Hook during the war of 1812. He
lived in the stone house on the Lantz farm, which was commonly
called the "Plains farm," and upon which were the Hemp meadow,
the Potash works, and a brick kiln. He was a very active busi-
ness man. He engaged in iron manufacture and ran a forge at
SnufFtown ; but iron making did not prove profitable, and, his
estate becoming involved, he sold out and removed in 1837, with
all his family, to Michigan.
John lived in the Samuel F. Randolph house, and kept a tavern,
lie married Susan Gary for his second wife. After his death she
kept the public house for many years. His son Beverly lived in
the old parsonage, now the sexton's house, built in 178S, and mar-
ried Ann, daughter of Captain Christopher Longstreet. Beverly
was drowned in Lake Grinnell while fishing. Edward, another
son, lived on the Darrah place until he removed AVest. Sibella, a
daughter, married Joseph Linn, who kept store at Monroe Corners.
The sign painted on the house, "Monroe Store, " gave name to the
cross roads. Another daughter married one of the Wellings, of
Morrison lived on the farm owned by Judge Haines for
many years, and now by Edward Case. He built the house and
cleared the fields, which were then thickly covered with timber.
Samuel lived on the Peter Wilson farm and built the house.
His wife was Hannah, daughter of Major Blain, of Orange county.
Their daughter Abbey married Thomas L. Wilson.
James lived in the old house yet standing near the Fowler
Thomas was an elder in the North Church, and married
Rachel, daughter of Ebenezer Tuttle. They were church mem-
bers previous to the separation of Sparta and the North Church,
in 1819. Their home was on the Demarest farm, east from
Turtle's Corner, in Lafayette township. They removed in 1831.
Ebenezer Tuttle owned the Mark Congleton farm and
lived in a house which was burned, near Monroe Corners. He
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. 31
united with the church in 1820 and died in 1S34. His son Samuel
married Lydia, daughter of James Hopkins, and lived at the Big
Spring on the farm his wife inherited, where he built the stone
house. He sold the place to his brother-in-law, Jacob Kimble,
and bought the Zebulon Sutton, now Rutherford farm, near
Franklin Furnace. He was an Elder of the North Church from
1823 until his death in 1861. His wife died in 1868.
James Hamilton was born at sea. He was a young man, a
carpenter in Philadelphia, during the Revolutionary war. After
the capture of the city, in 1777, by the enemy, he was claimed as a
British subject and taken forcibly to a man-of-war anchored in
the river. One night he tied his clothes together and threw him-
self, with his bundle, into the water. The current was so swift
that he lost his clothes and reached the shore naked, but he went
into the town and climbed up by the window of his boarding
house and reached his own room. In the morning when the
woman, who had charge of the room, entered, she was surprised
to find the bed occupied. He asked her to bring him a suit of his
clothes and to say nothing about him. He escaped, and came to
Orange Co. to a Mrs. Hinchman's house. A troop of tories and
British came in pursuit of -him. Mrs. Ilinchman concealed him
in a large barrel over which she spread flax, and then prepared a
good dinner for the troopers, with plenty of cider, and they went
away without discovering the fugitive prisoner. After the war,
Hamilton worked at his trade, and, going to Frankford, met and
married Sarah Price, daughter of Francis Price, and grandaughter
of Robert, who was captured by the Indians. After the birth of
his son Benjamin, he engaged to build a grist mill near the Dela-
ware River. He built a log house in a lonely place which he had
selected, but had no materials for window or door # Here he had
to leave his wife and child for days while he went away to his
work. She closed the entrance at night with her table and a bed
quilt. She was frequently awakened in terror by the wolves
which came prowling around the cabin, but they never broke the
feeble barrier. James Hamilton built the Lawrence mansion,
1794. The eldest son, born in 1781, was named for an uncle,
Benjamin, in Philadelphia, who sent money to pa} r for his school-
32 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
ing. He conducted many suits at law in Justices Courts, and be-
came Brigadier General of Militia and had a prominent part at the
general trainings, which were formerly held every year. He was
a member of the Legislature, and for several years represented
Sussex in the State Council. He died in 1864. His wife was
Sally Edsall, who died in 1874, in the 95th year of her age. She
was a woman of remarkable ability of mind and of attractive
character. She retained her memory to the last, and we are in-
debted to her for much information respecting olden times.
Col. Robert Hamilton, their son, was member of Congress ;
and Major Fowler Hamilton, another son, showed great gallantry
in the Mexican war, and died soon after in Texas, while on mili-
tary service. Benjamin Hamilton, Jr., practiced law in Newton,
was a member of the Legislature, and died in early manhood.
Francis Hamilton, another son of James, was named for his
mother's father. He married the eldest daughter of Joseph Sharp,
Jr., Nancy (or Anne), who was brought up by her grandmother,
Grace Sharp, the Quakeress, who gave them a large sum of
money to purchase the farm where they lived. This farm was
purchased by Dr. Samuel Fowler, sometime previously, for$S per
acre. Peter Fountain worked it for him for a number of years
and never owned a horse during that time, using oxen. Dr. Fow-
ler sold it for $22 per acre ; and in more recent times it has been
valued as high as $120 per acre.
Esther Hamilton, daughter of James, married Colonel Joseph
Thomas Hamilton, another son, lived in Hamburg and mar-
ried Elizabeth Hoffman, (familiarly called Aunt Betsy), a woman
noted for her kindness of heart and earnest piety.
Michael Rorick was of Dutch descent. He was born April
10th, 1749, in Bergen County, and came to Franklin Furnace
about 1765, in the employ of the men who built and ran the earl-
iest forge there. He was then but seventeen years old, and drove
an ox team for carting around the forge. By careful saving he
gathered a little property, and some years later secured a tract of
wild land, embracing several hundred acres, on the west bank of
the Wallkill, above the forge. He lived at first in a log house, but
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. 33
afterwards built the frame dwelling which stood an hundred years,
and was burned after the construction of the N. Y., Susquehanna
A: Western Railroad, which ran beside it. The house was at that
time occupied by his grandson, Samuel Losey, who inherits that
portion of the homestead farm.
Michael Rorick, in 1774, married Lucretia Hardin, who was
born in Massachusetts, February 21st, 1752. The region around
their home was a vast forest, with the exception of the little clear-
ing where there had been a small Indian settlement, and within
which their house was erected. An old Indian trail crossed the
Kill at what is still called " The Ford," where the water is shal-
low and runs with nearly a uniform depth over a pebbly bottom
It then passed along up the stream on the edge of the meadow
and upland, very near where the road was formerly located. The
trails were very narrow foot-paths, where the Indians walked in
single tile, one behind another; for it is said they never went two
abreast, and so disturbed as little as possible the foliage along
their foot-paths. Traces of the Indian occupation may still be
seen in the fruit trees, some of which, planted by them, are yet,
after all these years, standing and bearing in their season
blossoms and fruit. The apples are of peculiar variety, the plums
of the common red sort, while the cherries are of three kinds —
red, yellow and black.
It was with difficulty Rorick could preserve his sheep from
the attack of wolves which abounded in the country. To save his
flock, he constructed caves in the side hill into which they were
driven at night. One morning, at break of day, the cry of the
wolves was heard just opposite the house, and one of the men ran
out and fired at them. They fled to the kill and passed over it in
two or three jumps, making the water fly and shaking themselves
from the wet as soon as they were over, w T hen they started for the
mountain on the east side. A hunt was organized by several
men, who saw nothing that day of the wolves, but killed a bear
and several wild cats in Bear Swamp, then an almost impenetrable
jungle on the mountain near the Losey pond. The passage way
for wild beasts from the Wild Cat Mountain to the Munson moun-
tain seemed to run very near the house, and frequently the cry of
34 HARDY STON MEMORIAL.
the panther, as well as the howl of the wolf, was heard at night.
The Indians were occasional visitors for years after the set-
tlement. A rock on the Wild Cat Mountain, whose top overhangs
its base, was occasionally the halting place at night for their
warriors and hunters. One day a warrior, decorated with red
paint and naked to the waist, presented himself at the door with
a demand for food. He said he would tell them where there was
a lead mine if they would feed him. "When his hunger was ap-
peased, he said the mine was under a clump of trees in the bend
of the river. No searching has ever yet been able to verify the
saying of the Indian.
Michael and his wife were very exemplary in their lives and
firm in their religious belief. Their four sons and six daughters,
who survived childhood, were trained in the knowledge of the
Scriptures and to follow their godly example. The parents were
among the ten corporate members who formed the Franklin Bap-
ist Church at its organization, December 11th, 1823.
When Michael died, October 28th, 1832, at the age of eighty-
four years, and Lucretia, September 12th, 1834, aged eighty-two,
they were buried in the grave yard of the Franklin Church- In
March, 1832, Michael put all his property into the hands of two
trustees, who were to furnish him and his w T ife a good, comforta-
ble and ample support, and divide the remainder of the income
among his heirs apparent, while he and his wife survived, and
after their death, make equal division of all his estate among his
Garret Kemble's grandfather came from Devonshire, Eng-
land, with his wife and four sons. Three of the sons entered the
Revolutionary army, two of them losing their lives during the
war, and the survivor afterwards settling in Virginia. William,
the youngest son, studied medicine and practiced in that part of
Bergen County which is now Northern Passaic. He married
Elizabeth Cole, of Holland descent, and lived at Oak Ridge. He
had a large family of hardy children, but died himself in middle
Garret was born near Oak Ridge, September 4th, 1793. He
came to Sussex County in 1S12, in his nineteenth year, and enter-
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. 35
ed the employ of Captain George Beardslee on his farm in the
vicinity of the North Church. When New York city was threat-
ened by the British, during the second war, Captain Beardslee
marched his company to Sandy Hook, and young Kemble had the
entire management of the farm. This was conducted to the satis-
faction of his employer, who encouraged him to bring here his
mother and her three youngest children. He was remarkable for
great physical strength, and his industry and integrity made him
respected by all. He married, in 1818, Ann Carnes, daughter of
Michael and Lucretia Rorick, who was born 1795 and named by
Mrs. Ann Carnes Newman, the blind wife of Emanuel Newman,
who lived in the J. Ludlum Munson house. After their mar-
riage, Michael Rorick built a house for them, and they lived upon
the farm which Mrs. Kemble inherited from him, until their
death. The house and farm remained in the family until recently.
Mrs. Kemble died in 1877, aged eighty-two years, and Garret
Kemble in 1881, in his ninety-first year. They united with the
Baptist Church of Franklin in 1824, and were esteemed and use-
ful members, distinguished for consistent piety and fidelity to the
Christian profession. Garret was ordained a Deacon in 1828, and
held the office until his death.
Two brothers, named Sutton, of Huguenot descent, settled in
Morris County before the war of the Revolution. Captain Jona-
than Sutton, the son of one of the brothers, was in the Continental
army. At the close of the war he came to Sparta, and from thence
to Hardyston, where he resided until his death, in 1818. He was
an Elder in the Sparta Church. Some of his descendants imi-
grated to the West and some still reside in the vicinity.
Jacob Sutton, Sr., son of Captain Jonathan, married Hannah
Rorick, eldest daughter of Michael and Lucretia Rorick. They
had six sons. The eldest son, Michael B., owned a farm on which
he lived, one mile northeast from the New Prospect School
House. He, his wife and children, were members of the North
Church. He was a very active member of the congregation.
Removing to Michigan, he died in advanced years. His eldest
son is Rev. Dr. Ford Sutton, of New York city, a son-in-law of
the late Horace Holden, a man well known in the religious world.
36 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
Jacob Sutton^ Jr., lived on lands formerly owned by George
Buckley, near New Prospect School House. He married a
daughter of Martin Cox, of Wantage, in 1825. They are both
living at an advanced age at Monroe Corners.
Jonathan Sutton, another son of Jacob, Sr., lived on the West
Mountain road on the second farm from the school house. He
was an active member of the North Church, a man of considerable
enterprise, removed to Andover, and afterwards to Michigan.
West Mountain was formerly called Ireland. Samuel Knox
came from Ireland, with his wife Rose, who united with the North
Church in 1S26. When there was special religious interest at the
North Church, Rev. Mr. Fairchild visited them and urged their
attendance upon the meetings. The wife, with her daughters,
spun and wove the yarn and cloth to furnish a new suit of clothes
for her husband that he might attend church. One evening the
father, mother, sons and daughters came for the first time to
church. The house was filled, and, coming in late, they had some
difficulty in finding seats. The father, and several of the sons and
daughters, were converted while the series of meetings continued.
The descendants of Samuel and Rose Knox have been excellent
citizens and useful in church and state. Jeannett married Samuel
Morrow, of Hamburg, and afterwards of Wantage. They edu-
cated their sons, and five of them entered the legal profession and
attained to high civil positions.
James Scott lived at Franklin, near where Col. Samuel Fow-
ler built the stone house. He was a contractor in building the
Paterson and Hamburg Turnpike road, and is said to have made
considerable money by his contract. Scott's Hill, on the turnpike,
is called after him. He invested in land and became well off. He
had several sons and left to each of them a good farm. He gave
$100 toward building the North Church, in 1S13. His brother,
Ben Scott, was a man of powerful frame and noted for great
Garrett Van Blarcom was the son of a Revolutionary sol-
dier, born in Bergen County, 17S0, and married to Mary Degraw,
in 1804. He served in the war of 1S12, was a mason by trade,
and came to New Prospect 1820. His death, in 1831, was caused
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. 37
by a fall from a haymow by which his back was broken. On his
death bed he summoned his sons and neighbors around him
and most earnestly counseled them to seek religion and
lead holy lives. He and his wife were devoted Christians
and members of the North Church. They had two sons,
Samuel and William. Their grandson, Garret S. Van Blarcom,
son of Samuel, was struck by a locomotive on the Sussex
Railroad, and instantly killed. Captain Lewis Van Blarcom,
another grandson, and son of William and his wife Catherine
Sutton, was a student at law with M. R. Kemble, of Hamburg,
for one year, and afterwards with John Linn, at Newton. He
went out with the 15th Regiment, N. J. Vols., was wounded and
captured at Spottsylvania, May 8th, 1864, and his leg amputated.
Martin Ryerson, with his brothers, came to Sussex County
in 1770. They were descendants of Martin Ryerson, of Flatbush,
Long Island, who emigrated from Amsterdam previous to 1063.
Martin purchased the Walling property and, in 1800, made his
home in Hamburg. He died at Hamburg, in the house built by
Dr. Fowler, November 1S20, at the age of seventy-two. His
wife was Rhoda Hull, and among their six children were David
Ryerson, of Newton, well known in business circles, and as Presi-
dent of the Sussex Bank, Thomas C. Ryerson, and Elizabeth,
who married Robert A. Linn.
Thomas Cox Ryerson was born in 1788, at Myrtle Grove,
and came to Hamburg with his father in 1800. His early life
was spent upon the farm, but having a taste for study, Ills father
sent him to Princeton College, where he graduated in 1809.
After a course of legal study in the office of Job Stockton Hal-
stead, he was admitted to the practice of law. He married Han-
nah Amelia Jarvis Ogden, the daughter of Robert Ogden 3d, of
Sparta, and lived with his father in the house built by Dr. Fow-
ler, frequently called the "L'Hominedieu house," where his son,
the late Judge Martin Ryerson, of Newton, was born September
17th, 1815. Mr. I^yerson's law office was a small building on the
side of the public road, and was afterwards used by Daniel
Haines, when he first began the practice of law in Hamburg, in
1 824. He was a member of the State Council for two years, and,
38 IIARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
in 1834, was chosen Justice of the Supreme Court. He died ira
1838, while in office. He was a man of the firmest independence
and strictest integrity. As a lawyer, he was well read and an
earnest advocate, having great influence over the courts and juries
in the counties where he practiced. As a judge, he was held in
the highest esteem, and had the confidence of the bar and the
general public. In 1820 he exchanged lands with his brother-in-
law, Robert A. Linn, and removed to Newton. His second son
was Thomas Byerson, an eminent and well known physician, who
died in Newton, May 27th, 1887. His youngest son, Col. Henry
Ogden Ryerson, after a brave and honorable service in the late
war, was killed in the battle of the Wilderness, in Virginia, May
Alexander McEowen was born in Kilaron, in the Isle of
Isle, Scotland, in the year 1730, and reached Philadelphia when
eleven years of age. He accompanied the family of Andrew
Kirkpatrick in their journey on foot across the State to Basking-
ridge, where he made his home in after life. He married, Feb-
ruary 20th, 1766, Mary Cross, daughter of the celebrated Rev.
John Cross, and died April 27th, 1777. His son was Hugh Mc-
Eowen, and his granddaughter, Matilda, the wife of Rev. Dr.
Elias R. Fairchild.
Rev. John Cross left a number of sons and daughters, several
of whom were quite young at his death, and were brought up by
his widow, Deborah. Joseph Cross, of Baskingridge, was a grand-
son, and his daughter, Caroline, was the mother of Joseph E.
Sheldon, of Hamburg.
Joseph Linn was born in 1725 and died at Harmony Vale,
April 8th, 1S00. lie married Martha Kirkpatrick, of Basking-
ridge, who was born in Scotland, 1723, and died March 7th, 1791.
After their marriai e they lived, first in Hunterdon County, then
near Johnsonsburg, in Hard wick township, and later, removed to
Andrew Kirkpatrick, with his sons, John and David, and
his daughters, Martha and Elizabeth, and also his brother Alexan-
der and family, removed from Wattie's Neach, Dumfrieshire, Scot-
land, the place of their birth, to Belfast, Ireland, about 1725. In
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. 39
1736 they embarked for America, landed at New Castle, Dela-
ware, crossed the river at Philadelphia and wandered up through
Xew Jersey, reaching Bound Brook. Finally they settled on the
southern slope of Round Mountain, near Baskingridge. They
were all on foot, and much of the way there were no other roads
but the Indian paths.
David Kirkpatrick was twelve years old when his father
came to this country. For one hundred years the Kirkpatrick
family were prominent in the Presbyterian Church of Basking-
Andrew Linn, M. D., son of Joseph and Martha Kirkpat-
rick, was born in Hardwick township, in 1755. His youth was
spent at Harmony Vale. He studied medicine with Dr. Samuel
Kennedy, who lived near the "Log Goal." In the war of the Rev-
olution he was Adjutant of the Second Sussex Regiment. He
began the practice of medicine at Monroe Corners, and, after his
marriage, removed to Newton, where he died April, 1799. He
lived in a stone house, which was afterwards enlarged by a frame
and brick structure by his son Robert, and where Judge Thomas
C. Ryerson afterwards lived. His practice was very large. He
was highly popular and regarded as an excellent physician. He
married Ann Carnes, of Bladensburg, Maryland, whose brother,
Thomas, was Member of the Third U. S. Congress, from Geor-
gia. She was on a visit to her blind aunt, Mrs. Ann Carnes
Newman, near Sparta, when he met her.
Their children were Robert Andrew, long a merchant and
leading citizen of Hamburg ; Margaret, wife of Major William
Thornton Anderson, of Newton ; Mary, wife of David Ryerson, of
Newton ; Martha, who married Hugh Taylor, and, after his decease,
became the wife of Judge Richard R. Morris, of Sparta ; and Alex-
ander, of Easton. Their children, with their descendants and
connections, have filled a wide circle of influence in the society of
the Town and County.
John Linn. Few men of Northern New Jersey stood
higher in public esteem than he, in his lifetime. The son of
Joseph and Martha Kirkpatrick, he was born December 3d, 1763,
in Hardwick township, Warren Count} 7 , and came to this vicini-
40 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
ty when his father removed to the farm which he afterwards
inherited and called Harmony Vale.
During the Revolutionary war lie was at first a private, then
Sergeant in Captain Manning's Co., Sussex, New Jersey Troops.
We know not how early in life he became a child of God, but
when the First Church of Hardyston (embracing the congrega-
tions at the Head of the Wallkill and Gary's Meeting House) was
organized in 1787, in accordance with the requirements of the
State law, his name and that of Martha Linn, his mother, ap-
pear as communicants.
He married, May 19th, 1791, Martha Hunt, daughter of
Richard Hunt, Sr., of Hardwiek, who, July 15th, 1827, in the fifty-
fourth year of her age, "died, asshe had lived, a christian."
Their children were fourteen — Elizabeth, the wife of Rev.
Edward Allen, born September 2d, 1792; Joseph, born Septem-
ber 25th, 1793, a most excellent and exemplary man; Sarah,
Mrs. Shafer, born March 7th, 1796 ; Alexander Richard, died in
infancy; Andrew, born May 7th, 1799, married Sibella Beardslee,
elder in North Church 1827, keptstore, at Monroe Corners; Marga-
ret died in infancy; John, born May 6th,lS03. died at Bloom field
Acadamy, 1819; Mary Ann, Mrs. Low, born March 4th, 1805 ;
Caroline, born December 18th, 1800, wife of Dr. Roderick By-
ington, of Belvidere, and mother of the missionary, Theodore-
Linn Byington, D. D.; Henrietta, who still survives, received
into the church in 1S30, at a communion held in Hamburg, and is
the first upon the roll of living membership of the North Hardys-
ton Church ; David Hunt, and Alexander, M. D., were twins,
born February 17th, 1811, David dying in infancy, and Alexan-
der, May 12th, 186S ; Lucilla Matilda, wife of Ezekiel Brown,
born December lOtl , 1814, and died in California, 1884; and
William Helm, M. I)., born March 6th, 1819, died October, 1877.
John Linn had s-erved as Sheriff of Sussex County, and, in
1805, was appointed Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and
re-appointed for his fourth term, serving for sixteen years. He
was then elected member of Congress, and re-elected for a second
term. He died in Washington City, while a member of Congress,
Jan. 5, 1821, of typhoid fever. As the weather was very cold,,
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIBST BETfLEBS. 4-1
his remains were brought the whole distance in a sleigh to the
North Church Cemetery, where he was buried.
lie was made an Elder of the IJardyston Church 1812, and,
after the division, of the North Church of Hardyston, May, 1819,
exerted an extraordinary influence for good in the community
and was associated with Kobert Ogden in church work and public
His sons, Dr. Alexander Li a it, and Dr. William Helm Limi,
were eminent in their profession. All who remember them,
hnow of their skill in medicine, their kindness in sickness, and
that sterling worth inherited from their parents, which always
distinguished them. The town is favored which has beloved
physicians like them to administer in sickness, and bring relief in
suffering and accident.
His grandson, Theodore Linn Byinglon, was born at John-
sonsburg, 1831. He graduated at Princeton College and Union
Theological Seminary, N. Y. city, went as Missionary to Turkey
1858, was Pastor at Newton from 1869 to 1874, returned to the mis-
sion field for eleven years, died in Philadelphia June 16th, 1SS8,
and was buried at Springfield, Mass.
Robert Andrew Linn, son of Dr. Andrew and Ann (Carnes)
Linn, was born near Monroe Corners, January 29th, 1787. His
father removed to Newton, where his boyhood was spent. In
early manhood he went South to live. In 1812 he joined an ex-
pedition, organized of Americans, by a Mexican patriot, General
Jose Bernardo Gueterrez, who invaded Texas in the interests of
Mexican independence, and carried on a campaign against the
Spanish arm} 7 . All who served on this campaign, beside their
bounty money and monthly pay, were promised one square league
•of land when the national independence was established. This
expedition was so far successful that for a time the Spanish author-
ities withdrew from a large part of Texas. In the battles which
took place Mr. Linn's hearing was impaired by the artillery firing,
to which he attributed the beginning of the deafness from which
he suffered in after life. He was much attracted to Texas, and
when Mexico became free, was inclined to go there to live and
/ilaim the square league of land to which his services entitled him.
42 HAEDYSTON MEMORIAL.
He was at New Orleans when General Jackson commanded
the forces there, participated with the citizens who volunteered in
the defence of the city, and was an eye witness to the battle of
New Orleans, January 8th, 1815. After the war he went to
Nashville, Term., and engaged in business for several years. In
1816 he married Elizabeth Byerson, daughter of Martin Ryerson,
of Hamburg, who was born December 19th, 1791, and died Sep-
tember ISth, 1867. After his marriage he became a merchant in
Newton, and lived in the stone house of his father. To this he
added the larger part, a frame structure with brick front. In
1820 he exchanged properties with his brother-in-law, Judge
Thomas C. Ryerson, and came to Hamburg. He lived for a time
in the Walling house and, about 1824, by exchange with Joseph
E. Edsall, he acquired the present Creamery property and made
the house his home until his death, January 2d, 1868.
He was a Director of the Sussex Bank, and continued for
more than fifty years one of the first business men of the place.
Much of this time he was Postmaster. His business was conducted
on principles of prudence, so that while many others failed, he was
never overtaken with financial disaster.
His eldest son, Robert Andrew, Jr., was born in 1817, and
died in 1838, a few days after completing his majority. He
united with the North Church when he was sixteen years old, and
showed much earnestness in his young religious life.
The second son, David Ryerson, was born in 1S20, spent
twenty years in California, and was killed in 1875, by falling acci-
dentally from a railway train, while it was in full motion, near
The third son, Thomas Ryerson, was born 1S22, and died
from heart disease, 1S67. For many years of his life he was occu-
pied in the care of his father's farm.
The fourth son, Theodore Anderson, was born in 183o, and
his studious habits gave great promise of intellectual ability. He
studied medicine and was admitted to practice in 1S50, but soon
after his health declined, and he died September 5th, 1S52. The
bright hopes entertained for his future success were thus suddenly
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. 13
His eldest daughter, Anna 3Iary, was born 1S19 and died in
1876 ; a woman of great goodness of heart, and cultivated mind,
she was held in high esteem by a wide circle of friends.
LAWRENCE MANSION— 1/94.
Thomas Lawrence, Escj., Judge of the Court of Common
Pleas. Among the many who suffered great financial losses dur-
ing our war for Independence were the Lawrence family, of Phil-
adelphia. For three generations they had been merchants in that
city, and had filled many public offices. One Thomas Lawrence
was a member of Penn's Council, and Mayor of the city when the
State House was built. His son Thomas was also Mayor five
times, and his son John held the same office, it being of yearly
appointment. The Thomas who was Mayor for five years had a
large place called " Clairmont," on the north side of the city. He
died in 1775, leaving three sons grown, and some younger chil-
dren. It was impossible to keep the property together, taxes were
enormous, and the family went elsewhere to seek a living-
Thomas, the eldest son, came first to Princeton, where he lived
for a few years on a farm. In 1784, he entered into partnership
11 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
with Mr. Pobert Morris, of New York, but the business was not
successful, and in Feb., 17S7, he says: "The discouraging situa-
tion of commercial affairs has determined me to retire to the coun-
try for the support of my family."
His father-in-law, Lewis Morris, had a farm in Sussex Co.,
N. Jersey, called " Morrisvale.' 1 During the war Col. Morris was
unfortunately situated, his home at Morrisania, in Westchester
Co., being near enough to both armies to be in danger from each.
As one of the signers of the Declaration, Col. Morris suffered
most from the English, and was obliged to take up some vacant
lands in Sussex Co. to provide a living for his family. He sent
slaves to cultivate the farm, and they carried grain, vegetables and
fruit over the mountain to Morrisania. It was this Sussex farm
that Col. Morris rented to his son-in-law, Thomas Lawrence, who
was also his nephew. In May, 1787, Mr. Lawrence brought his
wife and children to Sussex Co. One of the little girls, then only
seven years old, Mrs. Maria Shee, lived to tell in old age the story
of the long journey in a carriage over the rough mountain, not
then crossed by a good stage-road. In 1790, Mr. Lawrence
bought the property at Morrisvale of his uncle, but it did not
agree with the health of his family, so he decided to build on
higher ground overlooking the broad meadow nearer the village.
This he accomplished in 1794, and then turned his thoughts to
establishing some communication with the outside world. Sussex
C. H. was the only Post Office north of Morristown, but, in 1795,
Mr. Lawrence and others succeeded in their efforts and a Post
Office was opened in the village, and the name Hamburg chosen.
He kept careful accounts of arrival and departure of mails, often
carried on horse-back, and sometimes twenty-four hours behind
time. It is interesting to see how an old gentleman of that time
treasured everything in the way of literature that he could find.
In a scrap-book he copied the verses that pleased his fancy, " An
Elegy, wrote by Mr. Gray," " The Fireside, wrote by Dr. Cotton,"
show his poetical tastes, and his letters to friends and family con-
tain many criticisms on modern literature.
In 1813, he purchased another farm near the village, so that
at his death, in 1823, he owned between seven and eight hundred
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. 45
acres in the county, which property is still in possession of his
Mr. Lawrence was first married to Rebecca, daughter of Dr.
Thomas Bond, of Philadelphia. She had two daughters, and died
in Philadelphia in 1771. lie then married his cousin, Mary
Morris, whose only son w r as born on that memorable day, July
4th, 177C. The mother died a month later, and, in 1778, her
husband married her sister, Catherine V. Both were daughters
of his uncle, Col. Lewis Morris, of Morrisania.
The tw T o elder daughters were married soon after the family
came to Sussex, Mary to Gabriel Ludlum, nephew of Robert
Morris ; Rebecca to Warren de Lancy, of New York.
The eldest son served as Ensign in the Regular Army, and
died a month after receiving his commission as Lieutenant, in
Lewis, the second son, died at the age of seventeen, in
Goshen, where he was at school.
Maria, the third daughter, was seven years old when they
came to Sussex. She married, in 1810, her cousin, Walter Louis
Siiee, son of Gen. John Shee, of Philadelphia. For a few years
after marriage they lived in Oxford, a suburb of Philadelphia, but
Mrs. Shee was anxious to return to New Jersey. In 1814, her
father purchased the Beach farm, and rented it to Mr. Shee.
They removed to this property, in Hamburg, which was given to
Mrs. Shee by her father's will, and here she spent the rest of her
life. Mr. Shee became Postmaster in 1815, or soon after, and
Judge of Common Pleas Court under five appointments, serving
from 1817 to 1842, and took an active interest in county affairs.
He died in 1856. His wife survived all her family, dying in the
spring of 1870, as she entered her 90th year. Spending nearly
all her long life in the place, she was closely identified with it, and
seemed to the younger generation a connecting link with the past.
In her manner she preserved the stately formality of the old
school, and had no liking for modern ways. She never saw a
locomotive engine, and the idea of a railroad in the place was very
distasteful to her. Those who had heard her dread of it, thought
it strange that on the day ground was broken for the Midland
46 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
Railroad, in sight of her window, she lay on her death bed.
Richard, the third son, studied surveying, and did much
active work in the county. lie lived with his sister, Mrs. Shee,
and died at her house in 1858.
Catharine, the fourth daughter, never married. After the
death of her parents, she lived in a cottage on the Morrisvale
farm. Her benevolence was so universal, that " Aunt Kitty," as
she was called by all who knew her, was appealed to in every
trouble. Her home was like a happy family in its variety of pet
animals. Ill health obliged her to leave " The Cottage " in her last
years, which were spent with her sister, Mrs. Shee. She died in 1862.
When Mrs. Shee lived at Oxford, she met a young girl who
had lost both parents in infancy by yellow fever. Mrs. Shee
wrote often about this interesting young girl, and in a letter to
her father said she " wished one of her brothers would come on and
fall in love with her, as she would make so good a wife."' Her
brother Thomas took her advice, and was married to Janet Will-
son, by Bishop White, Dec. 1st, 1813. They lived on the Mor-
risvale farm, where Mrs. Lawrence died in 1821, leaving two
children, Thomas and Catherine. The son was adopted by his
grandparents, and the daughter by her aunt, Mrs. Shee. Mr.
Lawrence lived for many years with his sister, in the Morris-
vale cottage, and died at the residence of his son, in Sparta, in
The youngest daughter in this Lawrence family, Sarah, mar-
ried Dr. Jesse Arnell, a physician who came to Hamburg from
Goshen. He practiced for a few years, and they were married in
the spring of 1813. Doctor Arnell died in July, 1811, and his
wife in the following November.
Mr. Lawrence had three other children, Jacob, William and
Lena, who died in infancy, a few years after they came to New
Samuel Beach, M. D., who sold to Thomas Lawrence, in
1805, the house and land which became the home and farm of
Judge Walter L. Shee, came with his brother, Calvin, to Ham-
burg from Parsippany, Morris Co., N. J., where their parents,
Isaac and Mary (Bigals) Beach lived. Isaac Beach died in 1831,
INDIAN INHABITANTS AND FIRST SETTLERS. 47
aged 89 years. His wife died in 1830, aged 82 years. The
grandfather of Samuel and Calvin Beach was Abner, and their
Dr. Beach purchased lands which are described as rive tracts.
The first three were conveyed by Abraham Kitchel and Benjamin
Lindsley to Jonathan Lindsley, in 1798. The 4th tract was con-
veyed by Joseph Sharp and William Sharp to Jonathan Lindsley,
in 1796. Said four tracts were conveyed to Dr. Samuel Beach by
Jonathan Lindsley, in 1801. The fifth tract was the one on which
the house was built, and is described as a part of that conveyed by
heirs of Mary Alexander to Gov. Lewis Morris.
When Mrs. Shee made her home here, in 1814, the place was
called " Oaklands."
The two brothers, Samuel and Calvin, returned to Parsippany,
where Calvin remained until his death. Dr. Samuel was a resi-
dent of Jeffersonville, Indiana, for more than twenty years. He
was born Nov. 7th, 1774, and died in the city of New York, June
1st, 1S36. The brothers were related to Judge Samuel Beach
Ifalsey, of Bockaway, and to Dr. Columbus Beach, of Beach Glen.
EARLY SETTLEKB AND TIIEIE FAMILIES CONTINUED.
The Ogdens had much influence in Hardy ston, and the history
of the town requires no little mention of them. Going back to
the first immigrant of the family, we find John Ogden, born in
Northampton, England, whose descent is traced from John Ogden
living in 14G0. He lived in Stamford, Conn., in 1641, and con-
tracted, in 1042, with the Dutch Governor, William Kieft, to
build a stone church in the fort of New Amsterdam. The fort
stocd within the precincts of the present Battery, in New York
city. By grant from Governor Kieft, with Bichard Denton and
others, he made the settlement of Hempstead, L. I., in 1044. He
removed to Southampton, L. I., in 1047 ; held office as Magistrate
from Connecticut and New Haven Colonies, and represented
Southampton in the upper house of King's Council, Conn. It is
claimed for him that Charles II gave him armorial bearings with
the legend : ' : Granted to John Ogden Esquire by King Charles
the second, for his faithful services, to his Unfortunate Father,
Charles the First."
In 1004 he came to Elizabethtown, and was one of the two
original patentees who established the settlement of the town. A
man of sterling piety, he was frequently called " Good old John
Ogden." He died December, 1081. Five grown sons accompa-
nied him from Long Island. Jonathan, his third son, was the
father of Bobert Ogden 1st, and grandfather of Kobert Ogden 2d.
Robert Ogden 2d was born at Elizabethtown, October 7th,
1716 ; married Bhebe Hatfield, and had a large family of chil-
dren. Mrs. Ogden was a woman of patriotic spirit, and three of
her sons and two sons-in-law were in the army, and her husband
EARLY SETTLERS AND THEIR FAMILIES. 49
was a Commissary during the war of the Revolution. Upon their
removal to Sussex, she gave the name of Sparta to their new
home in the wilderness, expressing the wish that the youth of this
vicinity might emulate the virtues of the ancient Spartans. The
name has traveled to the village four miles away, at the head of
the Wallkill, whose Post Office is Sparta, while the site of the
Ogden home is now known as Ogdensburg.
Robert Ogden 2d filled numerous offices of honor and trust
under the royal government. At that time Elizabethtown was
the state seat of government. He was a member of the Provin-
cial Council and for several years Speaker of the House of Assem-
bly. Being appointed one of the delegates from the Legislature
of New Jersey to the Provincial Congress that met in New York
in 1705, to protest against the Stamp Act, he, with the chairman
of the convention, refused to sign the protest and petition to the
King and Parliament, upon the ground that it should be trans-
mitted to the Provincial Assembly, and through it be presented to
the Government of Great Britain. Tin's so displeased his con-
stituents that he was burned in effigy on his return home. He
convened the Assembly and resigned his Speakership and mem-
bership, and in his address on the occasion said: "I trust Provi-
dence will, in due time, make the rectitude of my heart and my
inviolable affection to my country appear in a fair light to the
world, and that my sole aim was the happiness of New Jersey."
When the war of the Revolution began he took a firm stand on
the side of freedom, and was a member of the Committee of Vig-
ilance of Elizabethtown. He was so obnoxious to the Tories that
they made great efforts to capture him. After the battle of Long
Island and the occupation of New York by the British, it was no
longer safe for him to remain in the vicinity. In a letter written
Oct. 7th, 1776, to his son-in-law, Colonel Francis Barber, he says:
' "We still continue in the old habitation, though almost surrounded
by the regulars [British troops] . They have been on Staten
Island, a month on Long Island, and three weeks in possession of
New York, a large part of which is burned to the ground. A
very serious part of the story — our troops yesterday evacuated
Bergen — carried off the stores and artillery, moved oft" as many of
the inhabitants as could get away, and fired all the wheat and.
50 IIAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
" Your mother still seems undetermined whether to stay here
by the stuff, or remove to Sussex. A few days will determine
her, but perhaps in a few days it may be too late to determine a
matter of this importance."
The removal was forced upon them when AVashington re-
treated through the Jerseys, and was no doubt effected soon after
this letter was written. A division of the British army entered
Elizabethtown Nov. 29th, and the winter, which found Washing-
ton in Morristown, found them in Sparta.
The following letter from his son, Matthias, is of interest as
showing their residence here at the time of its date, and also
( >gden's connection with the Continental army. He had years
before served the King's army as Commissary, when General
Amherst commanded the royal forces ; and again when General
Abercrombie was commander-in-Chief before his defeat on Lake
George. Much of the correspondence is still in existenr-e :
"Mokris Town, January 6, 1777.
" Honorable Sir: I send you Mr. Lowrey's letter, who, since it
was written, has desired me to inform you that the way he does,
and the method you must take, is to apply to General Washington,
who will give a warrant for any sum of money you may apply for
necessary for carrying on your commissary department. I am in-
formed there is a complaint here for want of flour, and I think it
best you should attend here } T ourself as soon as possible — where
you will receive help from the military by General Washington's
order, to take wheat or any other necessary for the army from
such persons as have it to spare without distressing their families.
General Washington will be here about noon. Forty Waldeckers
were brought in yesterday by the militia. The killed, wounded
and prisoners of the enemy at Princeton were about fiOO ; our loss
of men was about ten or twelve, and of officers six or eight, among
which was General Mercer.
From yours dutifully,
"To llobert Ogden, Esq., Sussex."
The forty Waldeckers were the Germans, so called from AVal-
deck, whence they were brought, captured January 5th, two days
after the battle of Princeton, by Colonel Oliver Spencer, a son-in-
law of Robert Ogden, near Springfield, N". J. For his gallantry
EAKLY SETTLERS AND THEIR FAMILIES. 51
on this occasion, Spencer was rewarded with the command of a
Washington writing to Congress on the 7th of January, says :
" The most considerable skirmish was on Sunday morning
1 5th | when eight or ten Waldeckers were killed or wounded, and
the remainder of the party, thirty-nine or forty, made prisoners,
with the officers, by a force not superior in number and without
receiving the least damage."
One of Robert Ogdeirs descendants wrote : " My grand-
father and his wife, Pliebe Hatfield, lived on the rising ground
toward the Snufftown mountain. He owned a great deal of land
estate in this vicinity and some of ' Drowned Lands' of Wantage.
There were no sawmills in the country when he emigrated from
Elizabethtown. The house was built entirely of squared logs. I
have often been in the house, but before my advent it was hand-
somely covered with weather-boards, and w r ainscoted and plastered
within. The house was a large one, with a hall running through
the centre. Four rooms were on a floor and a very large kitchen.
My great-grandmother and her sister, Bettie Hatfield, made this
house and its surroundings very beautiful. There was a large lawn
and garden. Around the lawn were set rose-bushes, lilacs and syrin-
gas in regular order. The whole country was at that time a dense
forest. A clergyman who was a guest of the family when some
of the ornamental plants were in bloom exclaimed, ' Mrs. Ogden,
you have made the wilderness to blossom as the rose.' "
It was this house that was assailed by the gang of robbers-
(called cowboys) ; and its ample cellars afforded them refreshment
and booty. The leader of the gang was Claudius Smith, who
confessed to participation in the robbery when under the gallows
at Goshen, N. Y., where he suffered for his numerous crimes
January 22d, 1779. It was a very cold night. A colored girl
said that as she was milking, she saw a man raise his head from
behind a log not far from the house. But the family were not
alarmed, as there were guards at a station two miles away, and
they thought themselves safe from the Tories. The miscreants
robbed the house of all the silver, but were disappointed in not
rinding the large sum of money which Judge Ogden was sup-
52 IIARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
posed to have received for purchasing provisions for the Conti-
nental army. They drank freely of some whiskey kept in the
cellar, were thrown off their guard, and found that they
were recognized. One man said, " Judge, I have had many a
good meal in your house before this." When they had ransacked
everything and collected their booty, they took him, with the big
family Bible, down into the cellar, and threatened to kill him if
he did not take a solemn oath never to divulge who they were, or
seek their punishment. Mrs. Ogden shrieked, thinking they were
going to murder him.
The alarm was sounded next morning by one of the
negro boys, who hid himself in the swamp all night,
and on going out informed the guards. The troops with the
neighbors gave chase. They tracked the men in the snow, and
saw where they had cooked and slept and thrown away some
blankets. A silver sugar bowl which had been dropped was found.
This is still in the possession of one of Mr. Ogdeirs descendants,
a lady of the Oliver Spencer family, living in Ohio. More of
the hidden plunder was afterwards recovered, but the Judge so
regarded his oath that he refused to authorize any proceedings
against his spoilers. lie had his house barricaded, and was not
afterwards disturbed. According to the date upon the chimney,
this house was built in 1TTT, in the spring and summer after Mr.
Ogden's removal here. It was destroyed by fire in 1845.
Here we find the germ of the Sparta Church. The record
of legal organization at the County Clerk's office styles it, "the
dwelling house of Rob. Ogden, Esq., the present and most usual
place of meeting of said congregation." Here its owner and his
pious wife would gather their tenants and neighbors for divine
worship, he himself leading the services on the Sabbath when no
clergyman was present. The New Jersey Legislature on March
10, 17SG, passed an act for the incorporation of religious societies.
This church was the first to avail itself of the new law, and, asso-
ciated with the congregation of Cary's Meeting House, they as-
sumed the name of "The First Presbyterian Church in Ilardyston,"
November 23d, 17S6. Steps had been previously taken towards
the erection of a meeting house. Snow was on the ground in
EARLY SETTLERS AND THEIR FAMILIES. 53
the spring of 17S6, when the first timber was cut.
Judge Ogden died January 21st, 1787, in his 71st year.
Before the completion of the new meeting house, he was laid to
rest a little in its rear. Before his removal to Sussex he had
long been an Elder in the Elizabethtown church, and was a mem-
ber of the Synod of New York and Philadelphia, 1763 and 1766.
II is lands extended from the head of the Wallkill to Franklin
Furnace, with large tracts of mountain land. Ogden Mine was
worked in 1762, and named for him. The zinc mines were
opened long after his death, u-pon lands once his. lie owned por-
tions of the Wallkill Drowned Lands. The turnpike bridge across
the Wallkill, a mile and a half north of Hamburg, has always
been called " Ogden's Bridge."
Mrs. Phebe Ogden survived her husband and died December
22, 1796. Ifer remains were buried beside his in the Sparta
From History of the Cliosophic Society.
Memoir of Robert Ogden.
By the Hon. Daniel Haines, Associate Justice of the Supreme
Court of New Jersey.
Robert Ogden, Jr., one of the founders of the Cliosophic So-
ciety, was the great-grandson of Jonathan Ogden, who was one of
the original associates of the " Elizabethtown purchase," and who
died in 1732, at the age of eighty-six.
Of his grandfather, Robert Ogden, but little is known by the
present generation, except that he was one of a long line of pious
His father, Robert Ogden, Sr., resided at the old borough of
Elizabeth, 1ST. J., and filled with ability and fidelity, several offices
of honor and trust ; among others, that of Surrogate for the Coun-
ty of Essex. He was one of the King's counsellors, and for sev-
eral years speaker of the House of Assembly.
During the war of the Revolution, he was one of the three
who composed the Patriots' Committee of Vigilance for the
town. During the struggle, he retired to Sparta, in the County
of Sussex, where he continued a life of usefulness, to both church
and state, until the year 1787, when he died, at the full age of
three score years and ten.
a4 IIABDYSTON MEMORIAL.
Robert Ogden, Jr., was born at Elizabethtown, on the 23d of
March, 1746. He entered the college of New Jersey at the age of
sixteen, and graduated in 1TG5, at the age of nineteen years.
While a member of College, he united with William Patterson,
Luther Martin, Oliver Ellsworth and Tapping Reeve, in the for-
mation of the Cliosophic Society, then known by the name of the
" Weil-Meaning Society."
lie chose the profession of the law, and pursued his prepara-
tory course under the direction of that distinguished jurist and
eminent statesman, Richard Stockton, one of the signers of the
Declaration of Independence.
Having completed his term of clerkship, Mr. Ogden was ad-
mitted to the bar, and received " a license to practice law in all the
courts of New Jersey, on the 21st June, 1770."
In April, 1772, Governor Franklin showed his confidence in
his ability and integrity by appointing him " One of the Surro-
gates of New Jersey, in the room and stead of his father Robert
Ogden, Senior, resigned."
lie opened his law office at Elizabethtown, and soon acquired
an extensive and lucrative practice, and the name par excellence of
the " Honest Lawyer." In such esteem was he held that, within
ten years after his admission to the bar, he was called to the
degree of Sergeant-at-Law, then held by twelve only of the most
learned and upright counsellors.
During the war with Great Britain he took an active and
efficient part, and by his energy and means contributed much to
the establishment of American independence. In patriotism and
valor he was not surpassed even by his brother, General Matthias
Ogden, who was wounded at the storming of the heights of
Quebec, and subsequently distinguished for military skill and per-
sonal daring in many battle-fields of the Revolution. But Prov-
idence denied to him the honors of the field. His right arm hav-
ing been disabled by a fall in childhood, he could neither wield a
sword nor handle a musket, but he rendered good service in the
capacity of Quartermaster and Commissary of stores. He gave
his time and his talents, spent his mone} r and pledged his credit
freely to supply the suffering army of Washington with subsist-
ence, clothing, horses, and transportation. His readiness and abil-
ity to do this will be shown by the following incident: His
brother, Captain Aaron Ogden, afterwards Colonel, and Governor
of New Jersey, one of the aides-de-camp of General Lafayette,
was summoned to the tent of that distinguished and beloved
patriot and friend of American liberty. On his appearing at the
tent, the Marquis said, " Captain Ogden, have you a good horse ? "
EARLY SETTLERS AND THEIK FAMILIES. 55
" No, sir," replied the Captain, " but my brother Robert has."
"Get one," said the commander, "and select twenty-rive men as
escort. Let them be well mounted, and equipped in the best
manner, and report to me at twelve o'clock, for a delicate and im-
portant service." At the hour named, Captain Ogden, with the
escort, appeared mounted and equipped as ordered. He was then
instructed to bear a flag of truce to the British officer in command
at Paulus Hook, with the verbal message to Sir Henry Clinton,
whose headquarters were in the city of New York, proposing to
exchange Major Andre for the traitor Arnold. This proposition,
as is well known, was rejected ; but the gallant Captain who bore
it, and the Commissary who furnished the horses and equipments,
then so important in the impoverished condition of the country,
alike received the commendations of Lafayette and Washington.
After the establishment of American independence, Mr.
Ogden resumed his profession at Elizabeth, and practiced law with
great success, until the state of his health required his removal to
a place beyond the influence of the sea air ; and he retired to a
farm in Sussex, [spring of 1786] which on the death of his father
descended to him. There he lived in dignity, but not in idleness.
There he increased the fertility of the soil, and cultivated the
graces of the head and of the heart. There he acted the part of
a wise counsellor, and of a warm and an efficient friend. There
lie became a ruling elder, and one of the chief supporters of the
Sparta Chm-ch ; representing it in nearly every church judicatory,
and being almost a standing commissioner to the General Assem-
Having no ambition for political distinction, he declined all
public offices. And, except in the representation of the county in
the State Legislature, on one or more occasions, he adhered to the
maxim, " The post of honor is the private station." At the close
of his life, not forgetting his Alma Mater, he left a legacy to the
college of New Jersey, which was more than a tenth part of the
residuum of his estate, reduced in value as it was by great and
general commercial depression.
The last year of his life he spent with one of his daughters
| Mrs. Mary Haines] at Hamburg, in the county of Sussex, and
died on the 14th of February, 1826, a few days before the com-
pletion of his eightieth year, in the Lawrence house.
Mr. Ogden was a fine scholar, and kept up his classical read-
ing, and w T as delighted with the exercise, now so generally in dis-
use, of capping verses of Greek and Latin poetry ; a pleasure,
however, in which in the later part of his life, he could seldom
indulge for the want of a competitor.
56 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
His taste for English literature was also marked, and his let-
ters and all his writings exhibit much strength of thought, and are
decidedly Addisonian in style. To the close of his life he was of a
most cheerful temper, and a delightful and instructive companion.
He especially enjoyed the society of the young and made them
seek and enjoy his. He reared a large family of children and left
a very numerous posterity, who have moved in various spheres in
different sections of our Country ; many of them eminently suc-
cessful in public and private life ; and many now walking in the
pious steps of their ancestors, realizing the truth of the promise,
k ' I will be a God unto thee and to thy seed after thee."
Mr. Ogden's pay for subsistence furnished the army was much
of it in Continental money (worthless at the end of the war), which
was kept in an old trunk in a garret until finally scattered and
lost. His house in Sussex Co. is still standing. It was built by
Mr. Iloagland. When asthma drove him from the sea-board, he
relinquished to his brother Aaron a fine law practice. They
exchanged properties, and he received lands in Sussex county,
for others in Elizabethtown and vicinity. His final re-
moval to Sussex was near the spring of 1786. A deed from his
father, Ilobert Ogden, Sr., conveys ten acres of land for the con-
sideration of £250 proclamation money of New Jersey. The de-
scription says : " All that Messuage, Tenement & Tract of Land
on which the said Ilobert Ogden Junior now lives, Beginning at a
stake on the west side of the Koad leading to the New Meeting
In the fall of 1776 he was obliged to remove his family to
Morristown for safety from the raids of the British troops and
Tories who came over from Staten Island. In 1777 he took them
to Turkey, now New Providence, in Union county, where he
resided until near the close of the war. His first wife was Sarah
Piatt, daughter of Ebenezer Piatt, of Huntington, L. I. Their
children were Elizabeth Piatt, wife of Colonel Joseph Jackson, of
Kockaway ; Ilobert Ogden 1th, who removed to New Orleans, a
lawyer of distinction and Judge of the Supreme Court of Louisi-
ana ; Mary, wife of Elias Haines ; Jeremiah, drowned in
Elizabethtown creek, and Sarah Piatt, wife of Cornelius Dubois,
of New York. Mrs. Oaden died two hours after the birth of this
EARLY SETTLERS AND THEIR FAMILIES. 57
child. Mr. (Jo-den was about to try a case before the court in
Newark when a messenger came with the sad announcement, and
he fainted in the court room. His second wife was Hannah Piatt,
sister of his first wife. Their children were Rebecca Wood Piatt,
who married Doctor Samuel Fowler, of Franklin Furnace ; Han-
nah Amelia Jarvis, wife of Thomas C. Ryerson, Judge of the
Supreme Court, of Hamburg, and afterwards of Newton ; Phebe
Henrietta Maria, 2d wife of Judge Thomas C. Ryerson ; Zophar
Piatt ; William Henry Augustus, and John Adams. One of his
latest gifts to the Sparta church was the silver communion set,
presented just before his removal, in May, 1821, to Franklin,
where he made his home with his son-in-law, Dr. Fowler, until
his grandson, Daniel Haines, came to Hamburg with his widowed
mother, Mary Haines, when he went to live with them. He had
been au Elder of the church for forty years.
General Matthias Ogden, son of Robert 2d, born Oct. ^2d,
1754, inherited his father's Elizabethtown residence which he
made his home. He was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the
First Regiment New Jersey Line, December, 17T5 ; was wounded
in storming the Heights of Quebec, December 31st of the same
year ; distinguished throughout the war, and made Brigadeir Gen-
eral by brevet. He was cut down in the prime of life, and amid
prevailing lamentation was buried with every token of honor and
affection. His tomb is in the Elizabethtown church yard, and
" Sacred to the memory of General Matthias Ogden, who died
on the 31st day of March, 1791, aged 36 years. In him were
united those various virtues of the soldier, the patriot, and the
friend, which endear men to society. Distress failed not to find
relief in his bounty ; unfortunate men, a refuge in his generosity.
If manly sense and dignity of mind,
If social virtues liberal and refined,
Nipp'd in their bloom, deserve compassion's tear.
Then, reader, weep ; for Ogden's dust lies here.
Weed his grave clean, ye men of genius, for he was your
Tread lightly on his ashes, ye men of feeling, for he was your
Aaron Ogden, son of Robert Ogden 2d, was born Dec. 3d
58 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
1756. lie was carefully educated, graduating at Princeton Col-
lege in 1773, in his seventeenth year. In the winter of 1775 he
joined a volunteer corps at Elizabethtown, and was one of the
party who captured a transport lying off Sandy Hook. The men
embarked in shallops and row boats, boarded the ship and made
her their prize. She proved to be the Blue Mountain Valley, of
three hundred tons, loaded with coal, flour and live stock for the
British troops at Boston. A resolution of Congress commended
Ogden joined the regiment, commanded by his brother Mat-
thias, and actively participated in the battle of Brandywine. At
Monmouth he was Brigade Major and acted as Aide to Lord Stir-
ling. By Washington's personal direction, at the most critical
moment of the day, he rode forward to reconnoiter, and from his
report, Washington ordered the advance which determined the
action. In the charge made and the pursuit of the enemy, he
bore a conspicuous part. When night came on, instead of sleeping
he wrote a tender, filial letter to his father, detailing the incidents
of the day. We may mention his heroism at Springfield, when his
horse was shot under him ; and his saving of Maxwell's Brigade,
when a large British force from New York came over by Staten
Island to destroy it. lie gave timely notice to the threatened
command, but was severely wounded in the breast from a bayonet
stab by a British sentinal. In 1779, he took part in the expedi-
tion of General John Sullivan against the hostile Indians. Soon
after he was appointed Captain of a company of Light Infantry in
the corps of Lafayette. He was with Lafayette in Virginia and
covered his retreat, when the young Marquis had nearly fallen
into the grasp of Lord Cornwallis. He was commended by Gen-
eral Washington for " having with his company gallantly stormed
the left redoubt of the enemy," at Yorktown. A warm friend-
ship grew up between him and Lafayette ; and upon the latter's
visit to America long afterwards, he gave honorable mention of
his esteem for Ogden and his services.
When dismissed from the army with the other officers at
Newburg, he resolved to study law, and carried out this reso-
lution by coming to Sussex, and spending the winter at his father's
EARLY SETTLERS AM) THEIR FAMILIES. 59
house in Ogdensburg, where he devoted his time assiduously to
Blackstone. He was licensed as an attorney in September, 1784,
the regular period of study, no doubt, being shortened in consid-
eration of his military services, and he was received upon his
examination. He was afterwards admitted a counsellor, and in
1794 made Sergeant-at-Law. In 1797, he was appointed Colonel
of the 15th U. S. Regiment, when war with France was contem-
plated. He was chosen U. S. Senator in 1801, for two years, fill-
ing an unexpired term. In 1812, the Federal party, having the
ascendency in the State, the Legislature chose him Governor.
While in this office, President Madison nominated him as a Major-
General, with the intention of giving him the command of the
forces operating against Canada, and his nomination was unani-
mously confirmed by the Senate. With reluctance he declined
this high honor, thinking that his obligation to the party which
elected him precluded him from acceptance. AVith great modesty
he expressed his opinion that he could serve the national cause
better as Governor of New Jersey than as a general on the field.
He engaged in the building and running of steamboats, and
sunk much of his means in the business and in contentions with
rivals. In 1829, he removed to Jersey City, and in the winter of
that year was arrested for debt in New York city and thrown into
the old Provo6t prison, which still stands in the City Hall Park,
and is now called the Hall of Records. Esteeming the debt unjust
and his imprisonment a wrong, he declined the offer of friends to
settle the claim. The story of his arrest was carried to Albany,
where a law was passed forbidding imprisonment for debt of a
Revolutionary soldier and directing his immediate release. So the
trusted Aide of Washington, the companion of Lafayette, and
President of the Society of Cincinnati, had the prison doors opened
for him. Congress gave him a pension, and created for him the
position of Custom House officer at Jersey City. The State of
New Jersey donated lands to him along the river shore, which
proved of no great profit then, but in recent years these have
risen to immense value. He died at Jersey City in 1839, at the
age of eight}*-three.
Elias Ogden, the youngest son surviving childhood of Robert
60 IIAEDYSTON MEMORIAL.
2d, born November 9th, 17G3, inherited his father's homestead.
He was a man of great business capacity, carried on farming ex-
tensively, and engaged in the manufacture of iron. His forge
was located upon the Wallkill, two miles above Franklin Furnace,
and he brought his ore from the Ogden mine upon the moun-
tain. He died at the Haines house, in Hamburg, while on
a visit to Mr. Sharp, March 31st, 1805. His wife died shortly
after, and his family of young children were left to the care of
their relatives. His son, Matthias Hatfield Ogden, was an
Elder in Sparta Church, and removed to Hamburg in 1832. He
was clerk for the Hamburg Manufacturing Company, and lost
largely by their failure. He was Justice of the Peace, and a use-
ful citizen. He had talent for singing, gave the young people in-
struction in vocal music, and led the choir in the Presbyterian
meetings at the North Church and Hamburg. His home was the
house which the late Dr. William II. Linn purchased and remod-
eled. "While living here he lost several of his children by small-
pox, which the elder son had contracted when a clerk in New
York city. He lived to a good age, 77 years, dying in Wisconsin
whither he had removed, January 8th, 1870. William Anderson,
another son of Elias Ogden, continued to live in the homestead
after his father's death. Henry Warren, son of Elias Ogden, was
Captain in the Navy, and highly distinguished for bravery and
seamanship. Thomas Anderson, youngest son of Elias Ogden,
was a Presbyterian minister : graduated at Princeton College
1 s 21, and Princeton Theological Seminary. A portion of Ster-
ling Hill, where are the richest zinc mines, fell to his inheritance.
His father's executor sold it for five dollars per acre, that he might
meet the expenses of his education. The value of the mines was
not then appreciated. He was licensed by Presbytery which met
in Hamburg Church ; became pastor at Abingdon,Va., and after-
wards at Halafax, Ya. ; was missionary in Mississippi for many
years, and died at Elizabeth.
Southampton, Long Island, was settled by men of Plymouth
Colony, Mass. Governor Winthrop, in his journal, states that
about forty families, finding themselves straightened, left the town
of Lynn, with the design of settling a new plantation. They in-
KAKI.Y SETTLERS AND THEIR FAMILIES. 61
vited Rev. Abraham Pierson, of Boston, to be their minister.
The Dutch had claimed Long Island and made their settlements
on its western end. In 1636, King Charles I, regardless of the
Dutch claims, gave to William Alexander, Earl of Stirling, a
patent for Long Island, and the islands adjacent. The Earl gave a
power of attorney to James Farrel to dispose of his lands on Long
Island. The Lynn colony was formed, and an agreement was
made with Farrel, dated April 17th, 1640, for eight square miles
of land to be located in any part of Long Island, and the amount
to be paid to the Earl was to be fixed by Governor John Win-
throp, of Mass. In consideration that the country was a wilder-
ness, and that the Indians pretended to have some claims to their
native soil, four bushels of Indian corn, to be paid annually at
Southampton on the last day of September, were considered suffi-
cient to liquidate the debt. Captain Daniel How carried the col-
onists to their place of destination in his vessel, and the settle-
ment at Southampton was effected in June, 1640. An amicable
arrangement was made with the Indians, and their rights in the
eight miles square of land were purchased for sixteen coats, and
three score bushels of Indian corn, with an agreement to defend
the Indians from the violence of other tribes.
The colonists had not long since emigrated from England.
The}' were young men, some of them from Northampton, others
from Buckinghamshire and Lincolnshire ; but the majority com-
ing from Southampton, they gave this name to the new town.
Men of sterling worth and of the best class of English settlers,
they formed their church organization before leaving Lynn, and
erected their house of worship the second year of their settlement
Young Benjamin Haines was among the first arrivals from
Lynn to Southampton, and is named in the original list of set-
tlers. He had recently emigrated from England, and married
Johanna, daughter of John Jennings, at Southold. His third son
was James, born 1662, and died 1721, whose grave is in the
"Hay ground yard," at Bridgehampton. Benjamin's grandson,
Stephen Haines 1st, born 1704, removed in 1725 to Elizabeth-
town, where his son, Stephen Haines 2d, was born in 1733.
62 IIAEDYST0N MEMORIAL.
Stephen Haines 2d, by his patriotic efforts, rendered him-
self very obnoxious to the British, who, after the battle of Long
Island, held New York and Staten Island. From the latter place
boats filled with armed men would come over to make raids upon
the Jersey inhabitants. One night when Stephen Haines and his
wife were asleep in their bedroom on the ground floor of their
dwelling, they were awakened by the tramp of horses outside.
English troops, guided by tories, who knew the place well, had
come over for his apprehension, lie sprang from his bed to the
window, but only to find it guarded by a sentinal. He passed
through another room to the kitchen, thinking to escape by that
door. It also was guarded, as well as every window. There was
a back kitchen with rather an obscure door, and by that he made
his way to the open air. On the west of the house was a corn
field, with the dry stalks standing. He sought to gain this hiding-
place, but was discovered as he was about to spring over the fence,
and a man rushed upon him with a bayonet crying, " Surrender,
or die ! " He was taken prisoner and marched off barefoot and in
his night clothes. He had three miles to walk in this way, and
was then sent fifteen miles by water to New York where he was
imprisoned in the dreadful pen the British had made of the old
sugar house, which stood in Nassau street. The hardships he
endured were very great, but he survived, while many died. He
was captured in the fall of the year, and was not released until
after the battle of Monmouth, June, 1778, when the numerous
captures by Washington made the British glad to effect an ex-
change of prisoners.
Stephen 2d's oldest son, Job Haines, was twenty years old
when the war broke out. He was a private among the " Jersey
Blues," but was detailed to transport merchandise from Philadel-
phia. It was a great task to bring a loaded wagon at that time
from such a distance. He had just arrived from one of his toil-
some trips and was asleep in his own bedroom, when the house
was surrounded. Some informer had notified the British of his
return. His only sister, Joanna, had been extremely wakeful
since her father's capture, and hearing the tramp of horsemen,
sprang to her brother's door, awakened him, and hurried him into
EARLY SETTLERS \X\) THEIK FAMILIES. 63
a smoke closet connected with the kitchen chimney, where the
family meats were cured. She locked the door and took the key.
Pretending to be asleep, she did not rise until the troopers poured
into the house, and then was a long time finding a light. At their
order she took them through the house, opening every other door
but the one to the smoke closet. They showed much disappoint-
ment, and went away cursing the Tory who had lied to them.
The second son, Elias Haines, was at that time eleven years
old ; but, boy as he was, he soon had a man's responsibility in the
care of their house and cattle. Their horses were stolen, and only
an ox team was left. Pickets were stationed in the vicinity of
Elizabethtown to warn the people of the coming of their oppres-
sors. "Whenever the warning gun was heard, it was Elias's duty
to put the oxen to the sled, and with the remaining members of
the family and some of their goods, to start through the back lane
to reach a small retired house they owned at "Sodom,' 1 where
they could be concealed until the invaders were gone.
Elias became a merchant in New York, and had business
transactions which frequently brought him to this county, where
he was well known. He supplied the early stores with many of
their goods, and dealt with the iron men. He sometimes visited
the house of Robert Ogden 3d, and, in 1800, married his second
daughter, Mary. Their house stood fronting the Battery, in New
York, near what is now the corner of White Hall and South
streets. With partners, he formed the design of a settlement in
Florida, and obtained from the Spanish authorities the " Aredondo
Grant." He spent much time and money in the enterprise, but
the breaking out of the Seminole war drove off the settlers, and
after the territory came into the possession of the United States,
the Government refused to re-establish them in their rights, or
recognize the grant given by the Spanish authorities. Elias died
October 11th, 1824, at Elizabethtown.
Incident given by the late Mrs. Henry T. Darrah :
" Miss Joanna Haines was my father's sister, and was an only
daughter in a family of four brothers, Job, Elias, Stephen and
Daniel. Joanna grew up a beautiful } T oung girl, with clearly
cut features, a fine blue eye, transparent complexion with the
blush of the rose on each cheek. My aunt, being an only daugh-
64 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
ter, was indulged in a dainty wardrobe. Many of her dresses
had been imported by special order from England. She wore
high heeled shoes, which were made to her measure in London, »
I have myself seen some of the relics. Her great band box,
which fastened with a lock and key, had brought across the ocean
her beaver hat, trimmed with gold lace and black ostrich feathers.
" One day a party of Hessians rode up to the house, went
into the kitchen, the pantry, and cellars, and finding edibles to
satisfy their voracious appetites, they searched for booty to carry
off. They went into my aunt's room, ransacked her bureaus,
went through her ' chest of drawers,' took the sheets from the
bed, and r>iled in all they could carry away or make of most
advantage to themselves. She followed them from room to room,
remonstrating, pleading and begging for her treasures. Two
of the men took each a huge pack upon his back, and when
they had reached the front door, up rode to the verandah a
fine looking British officer. The young girl went to the front of
the piazza and, with the loquacity of a woman, and the eloquence
of an injured person, told her trouble. He smiled and said ' you
shall have all your goods back again if you will grant me a favor.
I want you to give me one kiss with your lips, and let me
imprint a kiss upon your beautiful cheek.' Her modest} 7 and
maidenly nature rebelled ; but she cast her eye on the two huge
bundles, thought of the immensity of her loss, lifted her
blushing face to the English officer's and sealed the compact. He
immediately reprimanded the marauders in their own language,
made them return the articles and bade them never to enter that
house again/ 1
Mary, the daughter of Robert Ogden 3d, and wife of
Elias Haines, was born July 3d, 1778, at Turkey, now New
Providence, in Union County, N. J. After the battle of Long
Island and the occupation of New York by the British, the
horrors of war became so alarming that all of the residents of
Elizabeth town who could do so removed their families to a
safe place. Her father first went to Morristown and later to
Turkey. The war of the Revolution came to an end April 19th,
1783, and Mr. Ogden returned to Elizabethtown, but came to
Hardyston to live, in 1786. The youth of his daughter Man-
was spent at Ogdensburg. After her marriage, she made long-
visits to her father's house with her children, often accompanying
her husband on his business trips. After her husband's death,
she came to Hamburg to reside with her son, who lived in the old
EARLY SETTLERS AND Til KIR FAMILIES. 65
Lawrence mansion. She united with the North Church of
Hardyston, January 21st. 1827, and continued her membership in
it until her death, which occurred in New York city, May 5th,
1852. Of earnest piety, she was a most useful woman. By her
conversation, and the gifts of books and tracts, she led many
to ( in-ist. Beloved by all who knew her, few could come within
the circle of her influence, without recognizing the power of
religion as exemplified in her life and character.
Daniel Haines was born in New York city, January 6th,
1801, and died January 26th, 1877. His father was Elias Haines,
and his mother was Mary, daughter of Robert Ogden. He grad-
uated at Princeton, in 1S20, studied law with Judge Thomas C.
Ryerson, and was made Attorney, in 1823, Counsellor, in 1S26,
and Sergeant-at-Law, in 1S27, being one of the latest to receive
this distinction. He settled at Hamburg, in 1824, and soon
gained a lucrative practice. He married, in 1827, Ann Maria
Austin, daughter of Alanson Austin, Esq., of Warwick, N. Y.
who died December 8th, 1844. He married again, in 1865,
Mary Townsend, of Newark, N. J. He had belonged to the
Federalist party, but espousing the cause of General Jackson,
carried for him the solid vote of his township. He entered
public life as a member of the Council, (now called Senate), and
in 1889 and 1840 took an active part in what was known as
the Broad Seal War. He opposed the proceedings of the
Governor and the majority of the Legislature, and bore the
principal part of the discussion against them. In 1843, his party
having a majority in the Legislature, he was chosen Governor
and Chancellor for the usual term of one year, but continued in
office for a number of months longer until his successor was
installed. His efforts in behalf of education, and a new Con-
stitution have left their impress in the t State Normal School, first
proposed by him ; and the present Constitution of the State, which
he advocated, and as a Commissioner assisted in making.
His decisions gave general satisfaction, and are recorded in
Green's Chancery Reports. He declined the nomination under
the new Constitution, because it would violate its spirit, as
he was Governor when it was adopted, and one of its provisions
6ti HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
was that thereafter no Governor should be re-elected to a
successive term. In 1847 he was re-nominated and elected;
by the weight of his character re-instating his party. In 1852,
he was placed upon the Bench of the Supreme Court, and served
for two successive terms of seven years each. His circuit
included Newark and Elizabeth. Later in life he was placed by
both parties upon judicial commissions relative to State bound-
aries and the municipal affairs of Jersey City and Paterson, his
great probity, judicial fairness and ability gave entire satis-
faction. He was thoroughly in sympathy with the Union cause.
One son, Captain Thomas R. Haines, laid down his life on his
country's altar. The other son became Chaplain and served
three years. A son-in-law, Major Frank H. Tucker, also served
in the army. Judge Haines was otherwise very active, both
in securing victory while the war continued, and after it was over
in healing the wounds it had caused.
He became a member of the North Hardyston Church in
1831 ; was made an Elder in 1837, and was often sent by the
Rockaway Presbytery to represent it in the New School General
Assembly. He was one of the committee for the re-union
of the two branches of the church, and several times, at
critical junctures, saved that project from defeat. He was con-
nected with the establishment of the Asylum at Trenton ; the
Home for Disabled Soldiers at Newark ; the Reform School for
Juvenile Delinquents; the National Prison Reform Congress at
Cincinnati, and one of the Commissioners to organize an Inter-
national Congress on Discipline and Reform, which met in
London. He was made Vice-President, and presided over some
of its sessions in Middle Temple Hall. While abroad he
received marked attention from English Judges, and other distin-
guished men, of different countries.
He was the oldest Trustee of Princeton College at the time
of his death, having been first appointed in 1844, resigned
when made Governor in 1817, and re-chosen in 1850. One
of the foremost of New Jersey Jurists wrote as follows :
" What a beautiful exemplification of the Christian gentle-
man he was !
EARLY SETTLERS AND THEIR FAMILIES. 67
u As a Judge he was unequalled in personal influence. His
reputation for purity and integrity was such that juries followed
his opinion whenever they could discern them. Had it not been
that his common sense made him almost always right, his very
excellence of character might have worked occasional wrong."
"The consolation of his family can be partially found in the
sense of the estimate which all good people have of the lifetime
and beauty of his character.'"
His remains were borne to their last resting place by a large
concourse of friends. Impressive addresses were delivered
by Rev. Dr. Stearns and Dr. Craven of Newark, giving very
just tributes to the memory of the deceased. Rev. Dr. Fair-
child, venerable in age and appearance, once Judge Haines'
pastor at Hamburg, closed the services. Governor Bedle issued
an order that the National flags on the State buildings should be
displayed at half-mast, and at 2 o'clock on Tuesday the day of the
funeral a salute be fired at Trenton.
Dr. Irseneus Prime spoke of him in the New York Observer :
" It has been our pleasure to enjoy the personal acquaintance
of Gov. Haines for a long term of years, and to be often associa-
ted with him in philanthropic labors. Of a remarkably quiet,
gentle and devout spirit, modest and unobtrusive always, yet firm,
patient and persistent in well-doing, he was upright and efficient
in every public and private relation. A man of God, hating
covetousness, a magistrate above reproach or suspicion, an Elder
ruling well in the Presbyterian Church, he adorned every station
to which he was called, and by his just, generous and kindly man-
ner, won the regard and respect of all who came into contact with
him. He had recently been appointed a delegate to the Presby-
terian Alliance to meet in Edinburg, Scotland, next July, but he
declined on account of the state of his health. He had filled the
measure of his days with usefulness and honor, but we need such
men more and more as their places are made vacant."
The Presbyterian Encyclopaedia says of him :
•' Useful and honored as Judge Haines was in political life,
lie was even more useful and greatly beloved as a pious man. He
was a man of prayer and constant study of the Divine word. He
was very conscientious in the observance of the Sabbath, and had
an ardent desire for the conversion of souls. During all the years
of his public life he continued to take an active part in the prayer
meeting. When he was Governor, a physician of Trenton re-
08 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
marked : ' I have seen a strange sight to-day — the Governor of
this State go into the room of a man, a stranger, and kneeling at
his bedside pray for his salvation.' .
; ' Governor Haines had great influence in private conversa-
tion, and thereby led many to the Saviour, some of them mem-
bers of the Bar of New Jersey. < )n his last Sabbath afternoon he
made a list of families and persons to be prayed for and visited
that week. He was a Sabbath School Superintendent for nearly
half a century, and generally taught a Bible class. For forty
years he made the offer of a copy of the Bible, or of some stand-
ard religious work, to every scholar committing to memory the
Assembly's Shorter Catechism. About the year 1837 he was en-
gaged in a Sunday School work near his home, where, upon a
mountain, men, women and children from the charcoal burners
were gathered in a log house for religious instruction. The last
Sabbath of his life he superintended his Sabbath School, taught
his class and attended public services twice. He proposed to con-
duct a meeting in a private house on the last evening of his life,
but before the hour came he was stricken with death. Thus he
brought forth fruit in old age, passing away in the still, calm
beautv bv which his life had been adorned."
TIME OF THE REVOLUTION.
The name Wattkill was given to our river by the Dutch set-
tlers at its mouth, near Esopus,or Kingston, who called it after the
River Waal, in Holland, from which they had come. The Indians
named the part above the Drowned Lands Tivisch-saiv-hin Creek.
It is so marked on the map drawn from the survey made in 1769,
by order of the commissioners appointed to settle the partition
line between the Provinces of New York and New Jersey. This
is probably the same name as JVis-au-Jcin, said to mean River of
The earliest bridge across the upper Wallkill, at Hamburg,
was in the bend at the mouth of the little brook from the cream-
ery and over the island. The foundation of this bridge may still
be seen, as well as the lines of road approaching it. A later
bridge was erected a little farther up the stream, just above the
big rock on the Haines farm. The stones of the abutments of
this bridge still remain, as well as some of the timbers which
formed the pier under the water. From the bridge the road led
past the poplar tree which marks the site of one of the three houses
which stood in the meadow. The last house was standing as late
as 1822, and in one of the three lived John Elridge, the grand-
father of Peter Yatman, and in another, Jonathan Sharp, the
great-grandfather of Doctor Jackson B. Pellet. The road passed
the old houses, and by the Shee and Lawrence store and dwellings.
From the bridge in the opposite direction a road went up the
hill to Sharp's store, where it crooked to pass in front of the stone
mill location, where two or three houses once stood ; and thence by
the Odell house on to Ford's, and to the Windfield log house at
the foot of the mountain.
70 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
The State road from Newburg led past the Indian camp to
the Walling house, turned by the Indian burying ground, and
passing down the hill crossed the kill by the bridge. A more
direct road was made, about 1795, from the Walling house to the
one coming up from the kill to Sharp's store, and it ran through
the creamery garden, before the house itself was built
The Indian Burying Ground covered the flat formerly in the
rear of the Margerum house and the store of Robert A. Linn.
Here for years stone implements were dug up and numerous skel-
etons. The bones of an Indian, found here when gravel was
taken for the public road, were in the pessession of Dr. L'Hom-
medien. The construction of the Midland Railroad unearthed
many bones. Among them, those of a Sachem, buried with beads
and a silver medal and silver bell.
The site of the Indian Camp is marked by a great ring of
ashes upon which the wigwams once stood with their fires. The
circle of ashes extended over the lots of the late Dr. William H.
Linn and Peter Yatman. It is less distinct than in former years
from the cultivation and frequent plowing of the ground. The
attraction for the camp was the fine spring of water in the rear
of the lots. Evidence of the Indian occupation was once abun-
dant in the large number of worked flints and the charred and
broken bones of animals found in the ash heaps. The bones
seemed to indicate a comparatively recent occupation.
Along the road, in the same field with the Indian burying
ground, stood the Barracks or block-house, which was garrisoned
at times during the Revolutionary war, and was the place of
rendezvous , for the Second Regiment of Sussex Militia. The
garrison was necessary to keep in awe the Tory sympathizers with
the British, and to prevent the marauding parties of freebooters
from making their incursions.
The Second Regiment of Sussex Militia was mainly raised in
Ilardyston, and as most of the officers and men were from this
vicinity it is deserving of especial mention. The following is the
roster of its Field and Staff* officers :
Ephraim Martin, Colonel, lived at Sparta,
John Seward, Captain, Lt.-Colonel, Colonel, at Snufftown,
REVOLUTIONARY TIMES. 71
Daniel Harker, Lt.-Colonel, at Upper Hamburg,
James Broderick, Captain, First Major, near Sparta,
Samuel Meeker, Captain, Second Major, near Ogdensburg,
Joseph Linn, Adjutant, near Monroe Corners.
Isaac Hull, Quarter Master.
Henry Johnson, Quarter Master.
Cornelius Baldwin, Surgeon.
At one time when the headquarters of the American army
were transferred from Morristown to Newburg, a detachment of
the Continental army encamped on the meadows of the Haines
and Lawrence farms. Tradition says that they remained here
thoughout one entire fall.
Burgoyne's army surrendered at Saratoga in October, 1777.
By the terms of the surrender, the prisoners were to be paroled
and sent home by way of Boston. When they had gone as far as
Boston, General Howe exhibited considerable duplicity. General
Burgoyne hesitated to give the list of the officers and men re-
quired, Congress became alarmed, and a resolution was passed that
the prisoners should not be released until the British government
had given formal agreement to the terms of capitulation. Bur-
goyne himself was permitted to return to England on parole, but
his officers with their army were marched back to the interior of
the country, as far as Pennsylvania, and some went to Virginia.
On this march they passed through here under guard. The pris-
oners had been as well cared for as circumstances allowed, but
their uniforms were ragged and they presented a very shabby ap-
pearance. The Hessians were still more dejected looking. They
were less cleanly than the English regulars, and seemed without
ambition or hope. Some had wives and young children with
them, and they formed a miserable and motley crew. They were
very willing to abandon the profession of arms and settle in any
place where they might live in quiet.
Colonel John Seward, long the commander of the Second
Regiment of Sussex Militia, lived near Snufftown on what is now
the Margerum property. Col. Seward's father, Obadiah, came
from Wales and settled in Somerset county, where his son was
born at Lamington, the 23d of May, 1730. John married Mary
Swezy, in 1751. They moved to Hardyston and his name appears
72 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
in 1767 as a member of the Board of Chosen Freeholders. A
soldier of the Revolution, he was at first a private of Captain
M' Mi res' Company in the First Battalion, first establishment of
Jersey Line. lie was then Captain of Second Regiment, Sussex
troops, promoted Lieutenant-Colonel February 28th, 1777, and
later to be Colonel of the same regiment, he did faithful service
in resisting the Tories, driving off the marauding bands who 'for
a time infested Snufftown Mountain and capturing some of them.
His house was barricaded for defence. The sum of £50 was
offered by the British for his head ; and he once shot a British
spy who was lurking with apparent evil intent in the neighbor-
hood of his house. One afternoon in the woods he heard the click
of a flint lock, and looked up to see an Indian who had drawn his
rifle upon him, but whose weapon failed to go off. He drew his
own rifle in an instant and called upon the Indian to surrender
The savage vainly sought to dodge among the trees, but was soon
made to yield and brought in as a prisoner.
Colonel Seward's son, Doctor Samuel Swezy Seward, was
born in the house upon the mountain, practiced medicine in Har-
dyston and Vernon, and afterwards removed to Florida, Orange
Co., X. Y., where his distinguished son, AVilliam Henry Seward,
was born in 1801. Doctor Seward was at the time of his death
the wealthiest man in Orange county. His son, George Wash-
ington Seward, still survives at an advanced age.
( \yptain Joseph Harker had a farm and house near where
Samuel Wilson now lives. The foundation of the house is still to
be seen near the Wallkill, by which the road formerly ran. He
recruited his company in this vicinity and belonged to the Second
Sussex Regiment. With a portion of his men he joined the
Goshen troops who were going to the Minisink region, and partic-
ipated in the battle of July 22d, 1779. He was wounded and
some of his men were killed. When he went away from home
with his company, Xathaniel Martin, of Wantage, who was then
quite a lad, staid at his house to protect his family.
Reuben Mosier came to this vicinity when a boy, having, it
is said, escaped with his mother from an Indian massacre in which
several of his family were slain. He had just grown to manhood
REVOLUTIONARY TIMES. (3
when the war of the Revolution broke out, and he joined Captain
Joseph Barker's Co. He lived in Red Cedar Hollow in a log
house, near the Widow Mitten's. His descendants by his daugh-
ters are still living in Hardy ston.
Lieut.-Coi.onel Daniel Harker, of the Second Sussex Reg-i-
ment, was supposed to have owned and lived upon the farm in
Upper Hamburg, which was known as the Harker farm, but in
later years belonged to Peter Fountain. After the Revolution he
removed with his brother, Capt. Harker, to Stillwater, where their
descendants still live.
Henry Winfield was a soldier of the Revolutionary Army
and rose to the rank of Lieutenant. He was among the few of a
detachment who were surrounded by the British during the
retreat after the battle of Long Island, and escaped by swimming
a mill pond that was situated about the centre of Williamsburg as
it now stands. He was also engaged in a number of battles along
the Hudson, and was on duty at West Point for some time. He
is thought to have been with General Wayne at the capture of
West Point, and his commission as Lieutenant is dated from that
time. After the war, he returned and married Mary Rodgers
and raised a family of children. He died in 1840 at the age of 87
years, in the house which he built, now occupied by his great-
grandson, Henry Winfield Couplin.
Henry Winfield's father was one of four brothers who came
here from Germany, and he built his house, which was uf logs,
near the trout pond on the present Couplin farm.
Samuel Edsall came from Reading, Berkshire Co., England,
in the ship Tryall, in 1648, landed in Boston, and came to New
Amsterdam previous to 1655 when he married his first wife there.
His knowledge of the Indian tongues made him highly esteemed
as an interpreter and negotiator between the Indians and the
Dutch, and the early English settlers in New Jersey. He died
soon after 1701.
His youngest son, Richard, by his third wife, Ruth Wood-
hull, was born about 1682. A surveyor, he resided in Newtown,
L. I., then at Hackensack, N. J., and finally in Orange Co., N. Y.
Richard's third wife was Hillegonde DeKey, of New York, by
74 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
whom be had live sons and one daughter. Among these were
Jacobus and Richard 2d.
Jacobus (Dutch for James) born 1724, baptized 1725, in
Hackensack D. R. Church, was Captain in the Second Regiment
N. J. troops. His wife was Charlotte, a daughter of Colonel
Joseph Barton, of Sussex Co. She had a brother, Benjamin Bar-
ton, who was arrested by General Sullivan, in August, 1777,
charged with having received the appointment of Captain in the
British Army. His Edsall relatives became surety for his good
behavior, but he broke his parole and went over to the enemy.
His family was sent after him to Staten Island within the British
lines. Jacobus had four sons, Richard, Jacobus 2d, Benjamin and
His son, Richard 2d, born 1750, was also a Captain in the
Second Sussex Regiment N. J. troops, and Lieutenant in the Jer-
sey line of the Continental Army. Father and son participated in
the battles of Brandywine and Monmouth and other conflicts of
the Revolution. Richard was a land surveyor and lived at
English Neighborhood, Bergen Co., when the war began. He
married his first wife Polly, eldest daughter of Colonel John Sew-
ard, of Snufftown, in 1771. She died soon after and was buried
at Warwick, N. Y. His second wife was Jemima Seely, born
January 28th, 1702, and died January 1st, 1843. He lived in
Vernon, became entirely Wind, and died May 10th, 1S23.
Joseph, son of Richard 2d, born in Vernon township July
12th, 17S3, was Quarter-master in the army during the war of
1812, and a member of the Legislature in 1825. He married
Sarah DeKay, and died in Vernon April 5th, 1833. He was the
father of Richard E. Edsall, of Hamburg.
Jaxxibus 2d, commonly called " Coby,". was attached to Cap-
tain Iluddy's Co. of artillery, State troops. His brothers, Benja-
min and Joseph, were privates in the State troops. Coby lived at
Rudeville in a log house near where his grandson, Benjamin II.
Edsall, now lives. He received a pension from the Government
for his Revolutionary services, and was very bitter in his hatred of
the British. He married Mary Simpson, daughter of Henry
Simpson 2d, of McAfee Valley. Their children were : Sally,
REVOLUTIONARY TIMES. 75
wife of Benjamin Hamilton ; James, Henry, Joseph E., William,
George, Richard and Thomas. Jacobus was born 1754, and
died 1S39. His wife, Mary Simpson, was born 1760, and died
1851, aged 91 years.
The surrender of Burgoyne's Army, at Saratoga, October
1777, had diminished the British forces required for a regular
campaign in the year 177S, and it was determined to employ the
Indians, and Tories, in carrying on a war of devastation on the
frontier. The destruction of the Wyoming settlements was re-
solved upon, because so many of the men of this region had early
declared against British tyranny, and large numbers of them had
volunteered in the Continental Army. The beautiful valley was
desolated. The dwellings were burned, and the inhabitants mur-
dered, with the exception of those few who were carried into
hopeless captivity. The cruelties perpetrated tilled the country
with horror. Those who could,fled for their lives,with the loss of all
they possessed. Numbers of fugitives came to Hardyston with
their sad story, and awakened the sympathy and compassion of our
people. One of them was Angustus Hunt, whose son, Rev. liol-
loway W. Hunt, became the Presbyterian pastor here, and
continued his ministrations for seven years. Among those who
fell by the tomahawk was William Marsh, an early settler in
Hamburg, and the first minister of the Baptist congre-
gation of New Town, Hardys Town and Frankford. The
leader in these atrocites was Joseph Brandt, of the Mohawk tribes,
who had received a christian education. He was commissioned
Colonel by the British, and at the head of a force of Indians and
disguised Tories carried fire and bloodshed through our western
settlements. In the summer of 1779, Brandt, with his blood
thirsty forces, broke into the Minisink region, and committed
great ravages, killing the settlers and burning their homes.
On the 20th of July, 1779, Colonel Benjamin Tustin, of
Goshen, received, by express, tidings of the dreadful occurrences,
and summoned the officers of his regiment to rendezvous, the next
day, with all the men they could collect. The order was obeyed
with alacrity. Major Samuel Meeker and Captain Joseph Harker,
of the Jersey Militia, with portions of their commands assembled
76 HAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
with them. Col. Tustin, with his small force, decided not to pur-
sue the enemy, but Major Meeker mounted his horse and shouted,
" Let the brave men follow me, cowards may stay at home.''
The disaster of the day is attributed to this rashness of Major
Meeker. His words decided the question, and they marched in
pursuit, making seventeen miles the first day, and camping on the
same ground occupied the night previous by the enemy. Colonel
John Hathorn. associated with our village in its early history, here
joined with a small additional force, and as the ranking officer,
took the command. He approved of Colonel Tustin's caution, and
called the officers together to hold a council. Meeker again over-
came all prudence by his bold talk, and they marched forward
until they fell into the murderous ambush of Brandt. Our men
threw themselves into a square as soon as the situation was per-
ceived, and fought with great bravery, against overwhelming num-
bers advantageously posted. Of the eighty men engaged, forty-
four, including Colonel Tustin, were slain. Major Meeker and
Captain Harker were severely wounded. Of the fallen, ten or
twelve were of the Jersey troops. Among these were Captain
Stephen Mead, David Talmage, Nathan Wade and Corporal
Eliakim Boss, of Hardy ston. Moses DeWitt, of Wantage,
behaved with great bravery and was among the wounded. Lieu-
tenant James Patton, of Major Meeker's command, received his
discharge, June 8th, 17S0, on account of wounds, probably re-
ceived in this battle. Forty-three years after the massacre, the
bones of the victims were gathered and buried in the public,
square in Goshen, where a monument is inscribed with their
names. Colonel Hathorn, then 80 years of age, laid the founda-
tion stone, July 22d, 1822.
A body of four thousand men, styled the Western Army,
was formed, for the purpose of chastizing he Indian Allies
of the British. To the command of this force General John
Sullivan was appointed in the spring of 17S9 ; and Colonel Fran-
cis Barber, son-in-law of Robert Ogden, 2d, was made its Adju-
tant General. General Sullivan broke up the Indian settlement
along the Susquehannah, and drove the Indians to the Niagara
River. In a battle with the savages, August 29th, at Conewawa
REVOLUTIONARY TIMES. 77
N. Y., Colonel Barber was wounded in the head, but not so
severely as to prevent his appearing soon after, in active service.
This gallant officer participated in most of the great battles of the
Revolution, and was with Washington, at Newburg, when the Gen-
eral announced to his officers the close of the war. A few hours
later, he rode near a tree which some soldiers were felling
and was instantly killed. He was a man of finished education,
a popular officer, and a christian gentleman.
Colonel John Rosencrantz, of Walpack, with a regiment of
Sussex Militia, accompanied General Sullivan upon this expedi-
tion, and was advanced to the command of a brigade. There were
four hnndred of the Jersey Militia, and their promptitude was
highly commended. At this time, or later in the war, Colonel
Rosencrantz received a wound in the shoulder, from the effects
of which he never recovered. It broke out afresh, causing
his death three years after the war ended.
All the Indians did not at once disappear, but returned and
made incursions into our territory. An Indian band, headed by
a noted Tory, named Daily, committed many murders, and again
spread dismay along our borders. Once more our Jersey Militia
were sent against them. The troops pursued them across the
Delaware River, and succeeded in killing Daily, and in destroying
and dispersing his followers.
During the war of the Revolution, the people of this county
were very much annoyed by the surprises of a Tory band, who
mysteriously disappeared after their raids. At last one fellow
was found in a house, where he was either sick or disabled by
an accident. Threatened with hanging, he made a full confession,
and gave information by which numbers of the gang were taken.
In an old house, two chimneys came together, with a single top
above the roof, and between was a closet, where three men
were secreted. The interior of an old haystack had afforded a
hiding place, and here several were taken. At first there was no
answer to the demand " Come out and surrender." But when the
leg of one man was seized, he was soon dragged out, and the rest
made to follow, and the stack was shortly ablaze. The pursuing
party came to a large house, somewhere on the Snufftown Moun-
78 HARDTSTON MEMORIAL.
tain, where the owner received them with much apparent frank-
ness, and conducted them over the house, telling them they should
see everything and find all right on his premises. He brought
them to the last room, saying, " My wife is here very sick, and
you need not disturb her, but just go in and see that there is
nothing there." They said that they would not harm the sick,
woman, but the men followed their captain in. Over the floor in
the middle of the room, a green baize cloth had been tacked clown,
and on it stood the bed with its occupant. They lifted the bed-
stead and woman aside, took up the cloth, and found a trap-door
in the floor, beneath which was an excavation where half a dozen
fellows were hiding. Other ruffians were picked up elsewhere,
and the Captain started for Goshen with quite a company of pris-
oners. When night came on, they camped, made a pen of logs for
the culprits, and built a large fire, but drank so freely of whisky 3
from a big keg they had taken, that the guards all went to sleep,
and their prisoners escaped.
Claudius Smith was a recognized leader of the free-bo oters
who ravaged Orange County and extended their depradations
over into Sussex. He robbed the house of Robert Ogden, in the
winter of 1778. He lived near the site of the present town
of Monroe, with three sons, desperadoes like himself. He
was a terror to the whole region, and a large reward was
offered for his apprehension. He eluded pursuit by going to
Long Island, where he was tracked and captured, near ( )yster
Bay, and thence taken to Goshen. He was chained to the jail
floor and a strong guard kept over him, until January 22d, 1779,
when he was hung, with two others, Gordon and De la Mar. His
son, Dick, committed several murders afterwards, in revenge, as
he said, for the hanging of his father. Claudius Smith was con-
nected with the robber, Bonnell Moody, who had a place of retreat
near Newton, and after the war escaped to England, where he
published an exaggerated story of his career. He received a Lieu-
tenant's commission in the British Army, and a pension. His
brother was captured and hung.
The following letter was written in behalf of Hugh Max-
well, who was in New Town jail, under sentence of death, and
REVOLUTIONARY TIMES. 79
was afterwards executed.
Dear Sir: I have enclosed to his excellency, the Governor,
several affidavits, etc., in favor of the Criminal Maxwell ; whom ]
verily believe is altogether innocent of the charge against him ;
and I cannot but think, that the evidence in his favor is quite suf-
ficient to convince every candid, unprejudiced mind, open to con-
viction ; and you may be assured there are many hundreds of
persons in the county, who are entirely persuaded he is not guilty.
I doubt not you will do all in your power to preserve the
life of one whom I think is innocent. I am in no wa}*s partial
towards him ; and if after all, the man is executed, I shall have
the satisfaction to reflect I have done my duty, and that his blood
will not be upon me.
1 am, dear sir, your friend and very humble servant,
T t zal Ogden.
Newtown, Sept. 7th, 1780.
To the Hon. Robert Ogden, Esq., at Sparta.
Favored by Mr. Broderick
Ephraim Woodruff belonged to Colonel Oliver Spencer's
regiment of the Continental Army. He was present and partici-
pated in a number of the great battles of the Revolutionary war .
As years increased upon him he delighted to narrate the stirring-
incidents of his military life. lie taught the school at Ogden sburg
in a log house, which occupied the site of the present school house,
and was donated for the purpose by Robert Ogden, Jr.
In this school house religious services were sometimes held,
and a weekly prayer meeting maintained. Mr. Woodruff's log
house stood beside the school house, and was very much of the
William Johnson 2d and Cornelius Devore were soldiers
of the Revolution and pensioners. Their certificates were signed
by John C. Calhonn, Secretary of War in 1822.
Major Jonathan McPeake was a soldier in the Continental
Army and settled in Hardyston after the war. His son Jona-
than, was born in 1800. His wife was Sophia Maines, daughter
of Peter Mains, of Sparta, a Revolutionary soldier, and Olive Bas-
Olive Bassett, wife of Peter Mains, died at an advanced age
about the year 1850. Their log house stood two miles from Sparta
on the Newton road. Thev were living there when the Ameri-
80 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
can Army passed through, on its way to the Delaware River, as
she supposed. It was in the winter time, with snow upon the
ground. Many of the soldiers had no shoes, and blood from their
frozen feet marked the snow. Some of them had their feet bound
up with rags, and begged from her all the old clothes she had to
give them. Her oven stood by itself outside, and she had in it a
large baking of bread, but the soldiers took it all.
Simon Wade was a member of the Second Sussex Regiment,
and during the Revolutionary War served in a powder manufac-
tory. His family early settled in Connecticut. His brother Na-
than Wade, was killed in the battle of Minisink. He was a car-
penter by trade, and first came to Hardyston in the employ of
Robert Ogden, Sr. He married Abigail Beardslee, of Pough-
keepsie, 1ST. Y., purchased his farm from Robert Ogden, Sr., and
erected the house and buildings now standing. He died Septem-
ber 21st, 1817, aged sixty -eight years.
Charles Wade, son of Simon, was born at the homestead,
December 4th. 1796. His wife was Mary Jane, daughter of
Elder Samuel Tuttle. Mr. Wade died November 22d, 1S69.
He was highly esteemed for his integrity of character and upright-
ness in business. He was for many years a member of the North
Church and much interested in all that pertained to its welfare.
Five forges, worked at different times, stood at the "Head
of the Wallkill," near the present village of Sparta.
The Ogden forge was a mile from Ogdensbnrg, and a mile
and half above Franklin Furnace. The time of its erection was
very early. At the beginning of this century, and until his death
in 1805, it was run by Major Elias Ogden, who brought most of
his ore from the Ogden Mine on the top of the mountain.
Previous to the Revolutionary War, ore from the Ogden
Mine was transported on pack horses to the forges in Morris
County. Dr. Fowler's " New Forge " was put up on the bank
of the Wallkill in the rear of the Catholic Church.
An ancient forge stood near the site of the old Franklin
furnace, and was operated as early as 1765, when Michael
Rorick came from Bergen in the employ of the men who
ran it. The leading man was William A. Potts, reported
to have been so wealthy, that if all his money had been
turned into silver dollars, no four-horse team could have
drawn them. Upon the mountain are lands still called after
Potts, the former owner. An old deed calls for a " marked
tree at the corner of the Potts mountain tract, now of the
Franklin Manufacturing Company." The birch-flat is spoken
of as having belonged to Potts. John Potts had a mountain
survey made as late as 1788, and recorded in the Clerk's Office in
1792. At the breaking out of hostilities, 1776, the proprietors of
the forge withdrew to New York, being Englishmen and sympa-
thizing with the British. The works were then unused for years.
John Odell Ford, who lived at Stockholm, repaired and enlarged
82 IIAEDYSTON MEMORIAL.
them, and expended much money in the endeavor to make iron
from Franklinite ore. He was very persistent, but could not keep
up the required heat, and salamander after salamander resulted.
Dr. Fowler was asssociated with him for a time, and upon Mr.
Ford's failure bought out his interest, took the works, and finally
came into possession of all the mineral lands. These were not
highly appreciated at that time, and so little value was set upon
Mine Hill, which contains such a wealth of zinc and iron, that
even Dr. Fowler never took pains to perfect his title to it, and it
was done by his heirs some time after his death. He ran this and
his other forges successfully, improving upon the methods of smelt-
ing hitherto used. In a letter he once expressed his opinion that
the reduction of Franklinite ore required a greater heat than
could be produced by charcoal, and furnaces must be perfected for
the use of anthracite coal.
There were zinc works near the Franklin grist mill where the
old fulling mill house was supplied with a chimney and re-
arranged for use. Mr. Ballon, a man of some scientific attainments*
was for a long time employed in the endeavor to work the zinc.
By his fires most of the zinc was evaporized and escaped through
the chimney. lie also attempted to separate the iron from the
zinc by mechanical operation, reducing the ore to powder and
taking out the iron particles by a series of magnets^ ranged upon
a wheel. His methods were not successful enough to warrant '
their long employment. His experience however was valuable to
others, and at a later time a great zinc house was erected, with a
series of bags, within which the zinc vapor was held until it was
deposited in a white or blue powder. This powder mixed with
oils made a valuable paint. The zinc paint of commerce is little
more than the same article, improved in its process of manufac-
The Franklin Manufacturing Company erected the charcoal
blast furnace. Oliver Ames and Oakes Ames, of Massachusetts)
were the principal onwers, and William L. Ames was their super-
intendent. They introduced the casting of stoves and rolling of
sheet iron. For the latter purpose their quality of iron was well
adapted, and the stoves and pipe made by them were far more last-
IKON MANUFACTURE. 83
ing than those produced in later years.
The Company had several re-organizations. A process was
thought to have been discovered which would make both iron and
zinc from Franklinite mineral at the same time. A new and
larger blast furnace was put up a little farther from the kill, at a
cost of $100,000, with zinc works in connection. But the process
failed to meet the sanguine expectations of its inventors. Charles
C. Alger brought suit against this Company, and against Joseph
E. Edsall. and recovered a small amount of damages for infringe-
ment upon his patent for hot blast chimneys in furnaces.
The Boston Franklinite Company was organized by gentle-
men mostly from Massachusetts, and John H. Brown, who had
been long associated with the Ames brothers, was their superin-
tendent. In 1867, William E. Dodge, Moses Taylor, John I.
Blair, the Scrantons and others, stockholders of the Lackawanna
Iron and Coal Company, of Scranton, Pa., purchased the entire in-
terest, and under a new charter became, in 1872, the Franklin
Iron Company. By purchase this Company- own large tracts of
land, estimated at 15,000 acres, embracing farm and wood lands,
and including many valuable ore mines. A portion of these
tracts lie in Passaic County. The present large furnace was
erected at a cost of half a million of dollars, and completed in 1873.
With few interruptions it has been running ever since, producing
large quantities of pig iron which is sent to Scranton and trans-
formed into Bessimer steel. The company carried on a long liti-
gation with the New Jersey Zinc Company, the contest ending
finally in their favor. A compromise has been effected, by which
the Franklin Iron Company became possessed of the rights of the
New Jersey Zinc Company, and now engages in zinc mining.
The Sussex Branch Railroad was extended from Newton to
McAfee Valley by this company, mainly for their own conven-
ience in mining and making iron.
Isaac Sharp, of Piles, in the county of Salem, and Western
division of the Province of New Jersey, made his will March 22d,
1770. By this he constituted his widow Elizabeth executrix, and
his son Joseph executor. On the 20th of March, 1775, the widow
Elizabeth, and Joseph and his wife Grace, conveyed 182 acres of
S4 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
the Pepo-Cotten lands to Ezekiel Dennis, of Sussex, who was the
progenitor of our Dennis families.
This Joseph was Joseph, Senior, who married the widow
Grace Bassett, a Quakeress, who always wore the Quaker dress.
They had quite a number of sons. She had money in her own
right, and was a woman of much refinement and benevolence.
Joseph, Senior, came to Hamburg before the Revolutionary
war, and took possession of the lands to which his father Isaac had
proprietery claims. These lands extended along the Wallkill from
the State line, and, with a few breaks, to the Ogden tract above
Franklin Furnace and to Penn's line, with extensive mountain
tracts. He built the forge or furnace near the Fountain bridge,
and named it the Sharpsboro Iron Works. The manufacture of
iron under the restrictions imposed by the British Government was
not remunerative, and under financial embarrassment he returned
The works abandoned by Sharp fell into the hands of
Stephen Ford, Senior, who lived in the house, near the Upper
Hamburg bridge, which was afterwards enlarged by his son David.
He was a native of England and sympathized with the English
during the war of Independence. It is said that he made iron
for the use of the British Army and cast cannon balls for them.
His men often performed their work at night, and the children
and females of the family carried food for the workmen from the
house to the forge after dark. He received considerable sums of
English gold wlnbh he secreted in small bags let down in the par-
tition walls between the plastering. He had sheet iron shutters
made at the forge for the windows of his house. This was reputed
to be a place of retreat for the more open Tories and free booters
when they were closely pursued. He seems to have been on good
terms with his neighbors, even the patriotic ones, and kept quiet
in the later years of the war, escaping arrest although under sur-
After the Revolution the sons of Joseph Sharp, Senior, Jos-
eph, Junior, and William, rode up on horseback to occupy the
property inherited from their father. The forge was started under
the direction of the sons, and another was built on the site of the
IKON MANUFACTURE. 85
saw mill above the present paper mill. When William became
deranged, Joseph associated his brother-in-law with him in busi-
ness, and Colonel John Hathorn, of Warwick, was their clerk or
superintendent. The business in their hands was not profitable,
and except for the rise in value in his landed property, Colonel
Joseph Sharp would have become a bankrupt.
Stephen Ford, Senior, before mentioned, had two sons,
Stephen, Junior, and David. Stephen, Jr., was a merchant and
carried on business in the store house that he built near his father's
dwelling, and which is still standing, having been used by a long
succession of store-keepers. lie went to New York for the pur-
pose of buying goods, and died there with the yellow fever which
was then prevailing in the city.
David Ford was the second son of Stephen, Senior, lie was
interested in the forges with the Sharps, or after them. Soon
after his brother's death he entered into partnership with William
Darrah, and they were associated until 1818. They conducted
the store, the grist mill, and the Fountain bridge forge, and the
firm of Ford & Darrah was extensively known. Ford was a
Director of the Sussex Bank and Superintendent of a portion of
the Paterson and Hamburg turnpike road. Under his supervision
a large part of the difficult work over and through the mountains
was done. His day book shows the setting of the mile-stones from
Snufftown through Hamburg and Deckertown, October, 1830. In
the midst of his business enterprises he died June 30th, 1837, in
the sixtj-flfth year of his age.
William Dakeaii, the partner of David Ford for many years,
was born near Hamburg 1777. His large farm lay half way from
the village to Franklin Furnace, and adjoined the forge lot, which
still bears the names of himself and partner. The house in which
he spent most of his clays is still standing in the field in sight from
the public highway. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Captain
Richard Edsall, of Vernon, and had a large family of sons
and daughters. Henry Thompson Darrah, his eldest son,
succeeded him in business. In October, 1818, he was ap-
pointed Sheriff of Sussex county, and served three years. There
were many civil suits and judgments, and many Sheriffs sales of
8t) HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
property while he was in office. lie built the Martin Mabee
house, was remembered as a kind friend and good citizen,
and died, in 1830, in his fifty-third year. lie is buried
a few feet only from his partner, David Ford, at Hamburg. In
1S3T his family immigrated to Missouri.
In 1792 Jesse Potts and his brother came from Trenton,
and built a more extensive forge than any hitherto constructed in
this region. This was located farther down the AVallkill, and the
site is below the Haines homestead. The timbers were very large
and cut in Pochuck Mountain. In hauling a large stick of timber
one man was killed. The dam was washed out in a freshet, and
the Potts brothers, after several misfortunes, gave up business at
this place and moved away. It is said, 1 know not with how
much certainty, that they, with members of their family, after-
wards founded Pottsville, Pa. They are supposed to have been
connected with the Potts who erected the first forge at Franklin
Furnace, in 1765; and possibly with Thomas Potts, who was
high Sheriff of Sussex Co. from 1772 to 1775, although belonging
to a younger generation. Joseph Sharp, Jr., took possession of
their forge, and after a short time removed the building. Rem-
nants of the dam still remain in the water of the stream.
The Potts's called their forge the Hamburg Iron Works,
from Hamburg, Germany. From this is derived the name of the
village. The Sharps sought to perpetuate the name of Sharps-
boro, by which the place had been called for some years, but when
the Post Office was established, October 1st, 1795, it was called
Hamburg. The German name is derived from two words,
Hamme, a forest, and Burg, a fortress ; the whole signifying a
Toxcer in the Woods. Hamburg was the second Post Office in
the county, (which then included Warren County), Sussex Court
House being established March 20th, 1793. The next in order of
time was Sparta, January 1st, 1798. Previous to these Morris-
town was the most northerly Post Office in the State.
Colonel Joseph E. Edsall came into possession of the Sharps'
lower forge near the site of the paper mill, and after running it
for a time, built, a second forge in close proximity a few rods lower
down, 1822-4. Adam Smith, of Canistear, now living in bis
IRON MANUFACTURE. 87
ninety-sixth year, was his carpenter. The great hammer beam
was cut in Pochuck Mountain, and broke down the wagon in the
village during its transportation. These forges were run much of
the time at a dead loss, and Edsall was heavily in debt at the time
he relinquished them, and was appointed County Clerk.
The Hamburg Manufacturing Company was organized pre-
vious to 1830, and purchased the forges of Edsall and other prop-
erty adjoining. In 1834 this company took down the forges, and
erected the charcoal hot air blast furnace on the same site. John
F. Winslow was President of the company as well as of the Clin-
ton Manufacturing Company, of Passaic. Among those associa-
ted with him were Messrs. William Jackson, Makepeace and
Huntington, who resided in Hamburg for a time. The two com-
panies, by purchase and lease, held much valuable property. They
were owners of the Clinton or Pochunk mine of hematite ore.,
which made iron of superior quality. This mine was on the farm
of Nathan Smith, which the companies purchased. Peter M.
Kyerson, of Pompton, transported much of the ore from this mine
all the distance to his own furnace. lie constructed what was
called the " gravity road," which branched from the public high-
way opposite Francis Hamilton's place, and by gradual assent
reached the ore beds.
The Hamburg Company employed a large number of men
in the mines, in chopping wood and burning charcoal upon the
mountains, and at their furnace. Their employees occupied every
available house in the vicinity, and the company put up a number
of small dwellings of their own to which the name of " the
City " was given. Their charcoal burners lived in log houses put
up near the places where they worked. Their numerous teams
tilled the highways as they carted ore and charcoal tojthe furnaces
or transported their iron to the markets. Farmers found employ-
ment for their teams in hauling ore, for which they received tick-
ets entitling them to trade, to the amount due them, at any of the
Hamburg stores. These stores were doing a good business, the
upper and lower mills were running to their full capacity, grind-
ing flour and feed, while farmers found ready sale near home for
most of their farm products.
88 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
In consequence of the failures of others and the general col-
lapse of business enterprise at the time, misfortunes overtook the
Hamburg and Clinton Companies, and they were forced to sus-
pend in the Spring of 1838. This was a great blow to the village
of Hamburg. It sent away some important families, threw many
workmen out of employment, and brought much of the business
activity of the place to a standstill.
On the 27th of February, 1838, the Clinton Company agreed
to sell to Peter M. Ryerson, of Pompton, for $22,500, six and
eighty-five hundredths acres of their mine in Pochunk, upon
which was part of their hematite or ore beds. After the company's
failure, Dr. Elias L'Hommedieu was appointed trustee for the
creditors and purchased, Dec. 7th, 183S, at a sale made by Sheriff
John Brodrick, for $4,011, the entire property of one hundred
and nine acres " whereon is the Clinton ore bed, usually called the
Colonel Joseph E. Edsall had, by foreclosure of mortgage,
regained possession of his lands, with all the improvements, fur-
nace and houses, erected upon them. He united with Dr. L'Hom-
medieu under the firm name of Edsall & L'Hommedieu, and they
operated the mines and furnace for a time, until L'Hommedieu
withdrew, in 1815, and removed to Newark, leaving all in Edsall's
hands. The latter continued the business for four or five years
longer, until near 1850, when iron ceased to be made on this spot,
and the works fell into decay. Edsall used considerable ore
brought from the Ogden Mine, and his son-in-law, Thomas D.
Edsall, mined and carted it for him.
Samuel Edward Margerum was an iron man and had a
blacksmith shop in Hamburg. His wife was Mary Ford, daugh-
ter of Stephen, Sr., and sister of David. He built the house, oppo-
site John L. Wood's present shop, afterwards occupied by Sheriff
John Brodrick. David Ford induced his sister after the death of
her husband to sell her house and with her children make her
home with him, he being unmarried. About 1822 he enlarged
his father's house in upper Hamburg and built what is now the
main part, but leaving the long wing with dining room and
kitchen, which belongs to Revolutionary times. Mrs. Mary Ford
IKON MANUFACTURE. 89
Marge ni in was born in 1772 and died in 1850. She possessed a
remarkable memory and loved to detail the stirring events of her
Stephen Ford Margerum, the son of Samuel Edward and
Mary F. Margerum, was born at Hamburg 1793, and died
in 1852. He inherited the enterprise of his family, and his
business connections were veiy extensive. In 1827 he bought, at
commissioners' sale, of the estate of William Smith, deceased,
merchant of New York city, and partner of Elias Haines,
1,088 65-100 acres of the Colonel Seward tract upon Snufftown
Mountain. He added to this purchase by others afterwards made.
The venerable John Seward mansion was his home, and his
mother, Mrs. Mary F. Margerum, resided with him. The old
house has only recently been taken down to make room for the
more commodious and tasteful dwelling erected by his son,
Noah II. Margerum. After standing a century and a quarter,
much of the old frame was sound and good.
Mr. Margerum had a saw mill and grist mill, and ran the
forge, upon the Seward Creek branch of the Pequannock above
his house and near the Vernon township line.
When John O. Ford relinquished the Franklin works he
started a new forge, the Windham, near his home at Snufftown.
He had several sons, among them Sidney, Horace and Mahlon,
who were engaged in mining and forging. They worked the
forges at Snufftown, Stockholm and Milton, and carried on their
works to a late period, making blooming iron and ship anchors.
The charcoal iron works were unable to compete with the anthra-
cite furnaces of Pennsylvania, and eventually all the forges along
the Pequannock River were closed.
The Clinton, or Pochunk Mine, lies within the limits of Ver-
non township about two and a half miles from Hamburg, upon
the summit and slopes of a white limestone ridge running
parallel to the mountain a short distance from its base. The ore ?
which is brown hematite, is irregularly distributed through a mass
of highly ferruginous clayey loam, which shows a great display of
color, texture and composition. The ore itself presents an equa
90 HAEDY6TON MEMORIAL.
diversity of appearance, but is all hematite. The mineral yields
an iron superior to that of the magnetic ores and can be reduced
with much less consumption of fuel. The ore was formerly
carted fifteen miles to the Clinton Furnace and ten miles further to
Pompton, and. after railroad connections were formed, was sent
as far as Scranton. The Franklin Iron Company constructed a
branch from the Susquehanna Railroad, at Hamburg, to McAfee
Taller, a distance of three miles, to connect the mine by rail with
Franklin Furnace. The working has ceased for over ten years,
and the branch to the mine now forms part of the Lehigh
A: Hudson Bailroad.
The Edsall mine, at Rudeville, two miles from Hamburg,
was discovered in sinking a well, and was opened a little earlier
than the Clinton mine. It has the same valuable quality of ore.
The excavation is nearly two hundred feet square, about sixty feet
in depth, and is now mostly filled with water. A tunnel which
once drained off much of the water has been closed. William
Edsall was its former owner, and it is still in possession of his
heirs. Some years ago they were offered quite a sum of money
for it, but declined selling, and since then there has been no de-
mand for the ore to invite purchasers. William Edsall raised
large quantities of the ore, which he sold to the Franklin Manu-
facturing Company, for some years previous to 1S40. Other fur-
naces and forges were supplied from it.
The Simpson mine, between the two, and just over the Ver-
non line, has a large and valuable deposit of ore, but it has not
been worked sufficiently for its development.
Iron ore has been found upon the Rosencrantz farm, and was
one inducement for the Franklin Iron Company to purchase it, at
$30,000 for three hundred acres, from Mrs. Mary Rosencrantz,
who inherited it from her father, Col. Joseph Sharp.
The following letter, inserted by his permission, is from
Hon. John I. Blair, now venerable in years, one of the most suc-
cessful business men of his time, and who will be remembered
by future generations for his large benificence in the cause of edu-
[RON MANUFACTURE. 01
Blairstown, N. J., May 5, 1888.
To Jacob L. Bunnell :
My Dear Sir: — I read in the New Jersey Herald of last
week, with great pleasure, the early history of' those intelligent
and influential men, who, in the days of their generation, were the
owners of those various forges, iron and zinc mines in the old
county of Sussex. All these men have long since passed away and
their property changed to other hands. Nothing remains now to
remind this generation of the existence of those forges except the
The narrative recalls to mind my first experience, seventy-one
years ago, at the age of fifteen. I was then clerk in a store in the
village of Hope, then in old Sussex, and went with a teamster
with a load of barrel pork to exchange for iron. Early the first
day we arrived at Sparta and stopped at the hotel of Dan Hurd,
who was then the principal owner of Sparta, and owned and con-
trolled a number of forges. Hurd had gone to New York and his
son, a boy somewhat older than myself, asked me to stay until his
father returned that evening, assuring us that he would purchase
our cargo. The next morning I proposed the trade, when he re-
plied " that he had all the pork he needed." This was a great dis-
appointment ; the day and evening spent and a hotel bill to pay,
and money scarce. I felt like fighting young Hurd for the deten-
tion. We left Sparta and crossed the mountain, by what was
called a mountain road, almost impassable, to Russia forge, where
the people were hungry for pork. We stayed two days while they
made iron for a part of our pork. They weighed out to the wood-
chopper his share, then to the man who found the coal his share,
then to the one that made the iron, then to the miner, while the
balance went to the owner.
The next day we went to other forges without success. We
then went to a place called " Newfoundland." I thought it was
properly named, as it was the only land we had found since we left
Sparta. We spent two days going from there to other forges
with but little success until we arrived at Hamburg and Franklin,
and finally sold out to Joseph Sharp for iron.
Years after I grew up to manhood my business relations ex-
tended more or less to them all and ended in friendship.
What unexpected changes have taken place since ! In the
seventy-one years all these eminent men, all long since gone, their
property changed hands ! The Lackawanna Iron and Coal Com-
pany, of Pennsylvania, has become the owner of the most valuable
portion of these properties, including the Franklin Iron Company,
the Zinc Company, and various iron mines as was stated. The
V'2 UARDYSTOX MEMORIAL.
great outlay in erecting furnaces, zinc works, and other improve-
ments has run into the millions, and t all the main dividends have
been paid to the county of Sussex, including some to the State for
taxes, and, strange to say, whether fortunately or unfortunately, 1
am among the principal owners in all these properties. The
ownership of this property caused me, on account of the company,
to become one of the owners of the Sussex Railroad, which I ex-
tended to Franklin and several miles beyond. Also the line to
Branchville. I changed the line across the meadows at Newton,
and made other valuable improvements for the terminus at New-
ton, including a costly and convenient depot. We have since
turned over the road to the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western
Company, who has relaid it with steel rails, and it is now a first-
class road in every particular, including rolling stock.
Very truly yours,
John I. Blair.
The white crystalline limestone of this vicinity furnishes a
superior quality of lime. Many years ago Dr. Samuel Fowler
wrote upon the minerals of Sussex Co., for Gordon's Gazefe^r of
New Jersey. The following is an extract from it :
" Perhaps in no quarter of the globe is there found so much
to interest the mineralogist, as in the white crystalline, calcareous
valley, commencing at Mounts Adam and Eve, in the county i >f
Orange, and State of New York, about three miles from the line
of the State of New Jersey, and continuing thence through Ver-
non, Hamburg, Franklin, Sparta and Byram, a distance of about
twenty-tive miles in the county of Sussex. This limestone is
highly crystalline, containing no organic remains, and is the great
imbedding matrix of all the curious and interesting minerals
found in this valley. When burned, it produces lime of a superior
quality. A considerable quantity of this stone is burned into lime
near Hamburg, and when carted to the towns below, as Paterson,
Newark, etc., is sold for one dollar per bushel. It is principally
used in masonry, for white-washing, cornice-work and wall of a
fine hard finish, and is considered superior to the best Rhode
Island lime. Some varieties, particularly the granular, furnish a
beautiful marble ; it is often white, with a slight tinge of yellow,
resembling the Parian marble from the Island of Paros ; at other
times clouded black, sometimes veined black, and at other times
IKON MANUFACTURE. 93
Around Hamburg on many farms are the remains of ancient
lime kilns. The Sharps, Edsalls, Fords and Rudes burned lime.
In 1810, and subsequent years, much of this lime found its way to
market in our larger towns and the city of New York. But
although an ancient article of production, the more extensive
works now employed are of quite recent erection.
The old-fashioned kilns were approaching an egg-shape in the
interior, and the wood and lime stone were put in, in successive
layers. The kiln was built into the side hill to afford easy access
to the top. It was covered with sods before the flame was kin-
dled. The ashes and lime were drawn out at the bottom, and the
fire went out after each burning.
The continuous kilns are constructed with the fire upon the
side, so that the flame and heat may pass through the lime stone,
and when the lime is burned it may be drawn off without ming-
ling with the ashes or interfering with the continuance of the fire.
The Windsor Works, at Hamburg, were begun in 1876.
Sayre <k Van Derhoof are the owners and Richard Van Derhoof the
superintendent. They have four perpetual kilns, one with its
chimney seventy-four feet high, a second sixty-five feet, and two
are thirty feet. The company employs about 150 men in the
kilns, quarries and mountain. They have a tramway of two and
a half miles in length from the Rudeville quarries to the kilns.
They turn out about one hundred thousand bushels of lime a year,
and are arranging to do still more.
The Hamburg Lime Works were also begun in 1S7G. Joseph
E. Sheldon is superintendent. They have three perpetual kilns
which are without flues. Twenty men are employed in the kilns
and quarry, but much of the work is done by contract. They
have no wood choppers and purchase wood by the cord. AVhen
in full operation the kilns produce 500 bushels of lime per day.
The Hamburg Papek Mill was erected in 1873, on the site
of the old blast furnace, by James B. Davenport, who manufact-
ured straw wrapping paper and tissue paper. The premises were
rented to Tompkins ifc White, who were manufacturing quite ex-
tensively, when the mill took fire and was consumed with a quan-
tity of paper ready for shipping. The mill was rebuilt, and pur-
94 HAEDYSTON MEMORIAL.
chased by the McEwan Manufacturing Co., who enlarged^it, and
employ about twenty hands in making straw boards, producing
four and a half tons per day. The boards are cut of uniform size
and sent to the box makers.
HAMBURG AND SOME OF ITS PEOPLE.
It is an error to suppose that Hamburg is a larger village now
than it has ever been. Its relative importance has been diminish-
ing with advancing time for nearly a century. We must go back
some fifty, or even ninety years, to reach what may be called its
palmiest days. These were about the time when the Post Office
was established, October 1st, 1795, under Thomas Lawrence, and
all the iron works were in operation ; when our citizens embarked
in the enterprise of constructing a turnpike road fifty miles in
length, to connect the village witli the city of New York. When
the Hamburg turnpike road was completed, about 1810, there
was not a Post Office on the entire route to New York. Around
the iron works many small houses were erected for the use of the
workmen employed. These, with numbers of other dwellings
then built, have mostly disappeared. For many years there were
more stores here than at any other point in the county. Farmers
brought their produce and did their trading, coming as far as from
Andover and Wantage.
Mr. Sharp put up his store house about 1S04, built the stone
mill in 1808, and constructed the mill road running from his house
and store to intersect the Newton road north of the North Church
Cemetery. He stated that it was sixty-eight chains nearer by his
road from Ryerson's (Walling house) than by Lawrence's. He
made a strong effort to secure the office of Postmaster and bring
the postal business to his store, but did not succeed.
He built the Haines homestead in 1800. Caleb and Issacher
Rude were his carpenters, and he brought a man named Johnson,
tlt> IIARDYSTON MEMORIAL,
from Salem, or Philadelphia, who did the joining and finer work.
Mr. Sharp had abundant means from the rise in value of his
lauds, and lived in good style, and what was esteemed luxury, in
these days, until the losses attendant upon his iron works and
other ventures diminished his income and he removed to another
house, which he built along the Wallkill, in Vernon township,
near the base of Pochunk Mountain, where he died in 1845, in his
His wife was Elizabeth Simpson, daughter of Henry Simpson,
who lived near McAfee. She was born in 1771, and died in 182-1
while Mr. Sharp was living at Hamburg. She was a member of the
Hamburg Presbyterian Church and of the North Hardyston, after
the union of the two churches. They had four sons, Thomas.
Joseph, Anthony and Isaac. Of their daughters, Eliza married
Dr. James Fowler ; Clarissa married Major Thomas B. DeKay,
who lived in Vernon near the State line; Mary was the wife of
Dr. Henry C. Posencrantz, and lived in the house on the Posen-
crantz hill ; Deborah became the wife of Dr. Horace Vibbert, of
Issaeher Rude, one of the carpenters who worked for Col.
Sharp, was killed in the raising of a barn on the Conrad Tinker
place. Caleb, his brother, also a carpenter, lived to the age of
ninety-three and a half years, respected and beloved by all who
knew him, and died in 1871. Their father, Caleb Pude, Senior,
lived in Morris county and became a soldier in the Continental
Army. The Tories made several raids upon his home, and that
of his neighbors, so that he removed his family for safety to the
vicinity of Stockholm, and took most of his pay in Continental
money, in exchange for his house and farm. He had two sons in
the army, Abner and Noah. When the war closed, his paper
money was of no value, and he found himself poor. His wife
died, and he bound out his son Caleb as an apprentice to Simon
Wade to learn the carpenter's trade. Caleb, Jr., married Elizabeth
Simpson, daughter of the Henry Simpson 3d, who lived on the
William Edsall farm.
Joseph E. Edsall was born in 1789 at Pudeville, in the log
Jbouse where his parents, James Edsall and Mary Simpson lived,
HAMBURG AND SOME OF ITS PEOPLE. 97
lie built the house on the creamery property in 1820, placing it
directly in the road, which he crowded into the hill in front ; and
built three tenement houses adjoining. lie had on the same
ground a distillery and a tannery, below the hill. For a time he
kept a store in his dwelling, and in 1824 put up a store house,.
which stood in the creamery garden, and at the foot of the church
hill. When not used for a store it was occupied as tenements
for families. Christopher Longstreet was Edsall's carpenter.
When Robert A. Linn, in 1820, exchanged properties with
his brother-in-law, Judge Thomas C. Eyerson, he came to* Ham-
burg, and after a few years, by another exchange, acquired the
property where Edsall had lived. Dr. James Fowler had gone
south, and Edsall bought his lot of land, on the^opposite side of
the road from the present Presbyterian Church. Upon the lot
were an unfinished dwelling, a store house and barn. Edsall set to
work to complete this house, but before it was done it was de-
stroyed by fire. He re-built the dwelling in 1830, and from that
time, with the exception of a year or two, when he rented it, lie
made it his home until his death in 18G5. His wife- was Esther.
daughter of James Hamilton, who died in 1812, at the age of fiftr-
four years. In process of time, Mr. Edsall became possessed of most
of the adjoining property, consisting of farm, mill, forges, and
buildings. He was County Clerk, a Judge of the Court of Com-
mon Pleas, a member of the Legislature, and a member of Con-
gress for two terms, in Mr. Polk's time and during the Mexican
Doctor Samuel Fowler was born in Newburg, N. Y., Octo-
ber 30th, 1779. His ancestor, John Fowler, came from England
and settled on Long Island as early as 1665. After completing
his medical studies, at the age of twenty-one years, he began the
practice of medicine in Hamburg, 1801. Of great versatility of
talent, he engaged in many enterprises, and was successful in alL
He was one of the most eminent physicians that our county has-
produced, and his was the leading mind in all medical consulta-
tions, and at the meetings of the Medical Society.
He was a distinguished naturalist and mineralogist, collecting
a most valuable private cabinet of American minerals, and c©n«-
98 UAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
sponded with scientific men at home and abroad. His valuable
letters and papers were consumed in the destruction of the Fowler
homestead, in 1884, and the store of information they might have
imparted is lost.
He married in 1808, Ann Breckenridge, daughter of Colonel
Mark Thompson, of Changewater, N. J., who was a member of
Congress under Washington's administration. Their only daugh-
ter surviving childhood, was Julia, who became the wife of Hon.
Moses Bigelow, of Newark, N. J. Dr. Fowler built a house in
Hamburg, which is still standing, and which he sold to Martin
Ryerson. Soon after his wife's death he removed to Franklin,
where he re-built and enlarged the house in which he lived until
his death. This neighborhood had been called The Plains, from
the flat lands beginning here and extending toward the North
Church, which included the farm of Capt. George Beardslee. Dr.
Fowler constructed a dam across the small stream that passed his
house, and erected a grist mill, fulling mill, storehouse, black-
smith shop, a tannery, and several small dwellings. To these he
gave the name of Franklin, and from this, the valuable iron ore
in the vicinity received the name of Franklinite, and the Post
Office and furnace that of Franklin Furnace.
Dr. Fowler's second wife was Rebecca Wood Piatt Ogden,
daughter of Robert Ogden 3d, of Ogdensburg, to whom he was
married in 1S16. For a time he carried on the manufacture of
iron at the Hamburg forges, and afterwards at Franklin Furnace,
for a while in partnership with John O. Ford, but mostly by him-
self. Through his sagacity and business tact, he made remunera-
tive a hitherto failing business, and gave an impetus to this branch
of manufacture in this county, which was unknown before and
lias been felt ever since.
He attended to the arduous duties of his medical profession,
visiting patients many miles away. His practice extended over
five counties of this State, and even into New York and Pennsyl-
vania. He was constantly visited by patients who came long dis-
tances, and was sought by his medical brethren in consultation on
difficult cases. No man could exceed him in industry and careful
attention to all he undertook. He was well known, a personal
HAMBURG AM) SOME OF ITS PEOPLE. 09
friend and warm supporter of General Jackson, was twice elected
to Congress, and was in "Washington in the stormy time of Cal-
houn and nullification. His celebrity as a mineralogist ranks him
among the first in the country. lie brought into notice the value
of the minerals extending in the hill ranges from Sparta to
Amity, Orange county, with their wealth of zinc and Franklinite.
He was an honorary member of many of the scientific societies of
Europe and America.
He was a liberal supporter of the North Hardyston Church,
long the President of its Board of Trustees, a regular attend-
ant upon its services, and left a legacy to the church.
It is due to place him in the first rank among those distin-
guished citizens whose talents and lives have reflected honor upon
their State and country.
He died at Franklin, February 20th, 18-14 in his sixty-fifth
year, and is buried in the North Church cemetery.
Sidney Piioznix Haines, son of Elias and Mary Ogden Haines,
was born in the city of New York in 1801, and was sent, when
quite young, to Florida b}^ his father, who was a partner in the
company which obtained the Aredondo Grant from the Spanish
government, and began the first American settlement in the ter
ritory. Sidney acted as agent for his father, and traded for him
with the Spaniards and Indians. The frequent voyages of their
brig, which conveyed cattle and good s, and all the hazards of the
early settlement, were well suited to his adventerous spirit ; and
hunting and exploration added a charm to his southern life. At
the breaking out of the Seminole war the settlers were obliged to
fiee for their lives, leaving all their property and improvements.
"When the United States government assumed possession of Flor-
ida, it refused to recognize the rights of the settlers, and restore
to them the territory to which they laid claim.
"When driven from Florida, the young man came to Ham-
burg, and, about 1828, became established in business. In 1830
John Brodrick was his partner, and they kept store in the house
that once stood where the brick store of Edsall, Chardavoyne &
Co. now is. Haines ran one of the Sharp forges for a time, and
burned charcoal upon the mountain.
100 HABDYSTON MEMORIAL.
He married Diadamia Austin, second daughter of Alauson
Austin, of Warwick, Is. Y., in 1830, and lived in the Walling
house. Tie was Post Master in 1833, and for some years after,
the salary being $48.25. When Brodrick retired from the firm of
Haines & Brodrick, Robert A. Linn entered into partnership
with him, and the new firm of Linn & Haines conducted a thriv-
ing business for a country store.
Mr. Haines w T as a very jovial man, and popular wherever he
was known. For a time he entered warmly into politics, and at
the meetings would get off many witty sayings. He had a four
horse team and a large wagon, which he often drove to the polit-
ical meetings, or the voting polls, with a full load of the men em-
ployed in his works. They were all Jackson Democrats in those
da}"s. Later, when he became a christian man and a church mem-
ber, the same team, with its driver, often carried as full a load to
the extra religious meetings of Dr. Fairchild.
He started a Sunday School upon the mountain, near his
" Coal job," in the vicinity of the Mud Pond, and rode on horse-
back to attend it on Sunday afternoons. The "coal job families"
were among the poorest and most destitute portion of our popu-
lation, but the Sunday School bore precious fruit in leading some
to Christ, as did the Log Chapel Sunday School, somewhat mod-
eled after it, in later times.
The late John Biggs, a leading minister of the Free Metho-
dist Church, learned to read and received his first religious im-
pressions in this Sunday School. For nearly thirty years, he
labored and preached through the mountains, in school houses
and dwellings, reaching scores who were overlooked by churches
and christians. His death occurred in April, 1888, and the large
attendance from all denominations at his funeral attested the
high esteem entertained for one who, with few advantages,
accomplished much good.
Sindey Haines was benevolent, and interested in every chris-
tian work, into which his good wife also entered most heartily.
This earnestness characterized him all his days ; and his widow,
now at the age of eighty-five years, in her home in Denver, Colo-
rado, is still engaged in good works. The sick and the poor find
HAMBURG AND SOME OF ITS PEOPLE. 101
in her a friend and a comforter.
Haines visited the west, and embarked in the enterprise of
founding a great town, projected on the banks of the Mississippi
River, in Missouri, to be called Marion City. The location
seemed excellent, stretching along the river for a mile and a half,
with convenient landings for steamboats, and making a fine port.
The lands were purchased from the government, the streets
laid out, churches planned, and a college founded, with Rev. Dr.
Ely as President. Haines moved his family there in 1838. For
a time all went well, but other towns attracted the settlers, and
after a great freshet, when the river rose so high as to flood the
place, he changed his home to Palmyra, and afterwards to Hani-
bal, Mo. Here he engaged extensively in business, and on one of
his business tours contracted inflammation of the lungs, from
which he died, July 13th, 1817.
Henry Thomson Darkah was the son of Sheriff William Dar-
rah and Elizabeth, daughter of Captain Richard Edsall. He was
born in the old Darrali house Oct. 11, 1805. His youth was spent
upon the farm ; he attended the district school and was one of the
foremost scholars. He had been clerk in the store in Upper Ham-
burg, and upon his father's death, in 1830, took the business on
his own account, and continued it until his removal to Missouri, in
1837. He was early the subject of religious impressions, and
in 1831 united with the North Church and became very useful in
this community, as well as in his western home. He was a mag-
istrate in St Louis. His fondness for study continued through
life, and, familiar with books, few surpassed him in general knowl-
edge. He died in St. Louis.
His wife was Mary Ogden daughter of Elias Haines, born
Oct. 3d, 1S00, a woman of great literary attainments, whose prose
and poetic writings frequently appeared in religious papers and
magazines. Her benevolence and christian activity were exhibited
wherever she went. Her death occurred at Flora, 111., in 1883.
After their marriage they lived in the Darrah-Dale cottage,
which was afterwards transformed into the Baptist parsonage.
When they occupied it, the beautiful order of the grounds and
the wooded glen adjoining, inade it a gem of a home, with pic-
102 HABDYSTOS MEMORIAL.
Their only child, Elizabeth, born at Hamburg June 25th,
1832, married General Lewis B. Parsons, of Illinois. In her were
combined rare graces of mind and heart, and an artistic talent
which she cultivated by several years of study in Europe. She
died at Scarboro, Me., September 2d, 1887.
John Newman, supposed to have been born on Long Island,
came to this vicinity from Monmouth county, N. J. He had two
sons, Emanuel and David.
Emanuel purchased the present James Ludlum Munson farm
of Robert Ogden, in 1775. He bought other lands of Lewis Mor-
ris in 1779, and of Anthony Brodrick in 1780. His wife was
Ann Carnes, who became entirely blind. He died in 1795,
leaving no children.
David purchased at one dollar and a quarter per acre the
Beaver Bun tract, which, including the Dusenbury farm and ex-
tending to the Morris Yale farm, contained 989 acres. He lived
in a house which stood near the present Beaver Run Post Office.
At his death his landed estate was divided into six farms and
given to his four sons and two daughters. The eldest son, Eman-
uel, inherited the Roleson farm, David the Hardin farm, James
the Hiles farm, John the Beaver Run farm, Elizabeth, who mar-
ried James Congleton, had the Congleton farm, and Jane, who
married Joseph McDaniels, the Dusenbury farm.
Emanuel, Jr., died in 1850, aged 77 years. His son is Sam-
uel Newman, who sold the farm he inherited to Jackson Roleson,
and now resides near Deckertown. Jane, wife of Emanuel, Jr.,
died in 1S63, aged 84 years.
David Neicman 3feDaniels, grandson of David Newman,
was born in 1801, and now resides near Wilksbarre, Pa. He re-
members well his coming when a boy to see the four companies of
the 2d Sussex Regiment when, in 1814, they set off on their march
to Sandy Hook. They assembled in Hamburg, and with flying
colors and martial music, marched over the Sharp's bridge and by
the Lawrence road and past the North Church.
In his childhood he was frequently taken to the Cary Meet-
ing House, winch was then an old building, and he is sure it
HAMBURG ANT) SOME OF ITS PEOPLE. 103
must have been erected before the Revolutionary war.
Ashman Carpenter was born in Morris county in 1702, and
at the age of sixteen became a soldier of 1ST. J. State troops. With
two others, he captured a party of four Hessians, coming upon
them by surprise when the}' had halted at a spring. The prison-
ers were taken into the American lines but their muskets were re-
tained. Carpenters was preserved for a great while, until one of
his sons traded it off for a bird gun. After the war he farmed
for a time for Mr. Thomas Lawrence, and lived in the stone house,
standing a little back from the North Church road. Coby Quick,
a stone mason, said to have been a brother of Tom Quick, the In-
dian slayer, was its builder. Carpenter learned the weaver's trade,
and wove linen and woolen cloth. After a time he received in-
struction in'the weaving of blue and white counterpanes, and was
very skillful in forming figures and flowers in his web. He died
Anthony Chardavoyne and his brother were early owners of
the Dusenbury property, which was afterward sold to David
Newman, and inherited by his daughter, Mrs. Jane McDaniels.
They kept a store there for a long time, until Anthony purchased
the farm in Red Cedar Hollow, which after his death was
bequeathed to his son AVilliam, and is now occupied by his grand-
son, Barret II. Chardavoyne. On the Dusenbury farm is the
" Indian Meadow," and upon it is a mound largely made up of
fragments of broken stone and flint chips, left by the Indians who
had there a sort of factory for stone implements and arrow heads.
Peter Shafer, born 1792 or 1793, and who still survives,
was living in 1818 on the Ilarker farm, now known as the Peter
Fountain farm. One morning he saw four black animals come
out of the woods and follow down the Wallkill. At first sight he
mistook them for dogs, but got his gun and pursued them. He
soon found that it was a she bear with three cubs. They climbed
a large tree just below the Haines house, where Shafer killed the
old bear and captured the cubs.
He married a daughter of William Cassady, and^after the
death of his father-in-law bought out the interest of the other
heirs, and made the house his home until he sold it to Thomson D.
104 HABDYSTON MEMOBIAI..
Major Absalom Shaker, brother of Peter, lived in the
David Benjamin house. He was Captain of the " Hardyston Vol-
unteers," a military company formed in Hamburg. They wore
blue coats, white pantaloons, and high crowned hats ; the front of
each hat was covered with a plate of tin, on which was painted
the name of the company, and surmounted with a white feather
tipped with red. Peter Fountain was fifer to this company.
Elias L'Hommedieu, M. D., was of Huguenot descent, and
born 1794. His mother was Cornelia Losey, of Morris county.
He began to practice medicine in Hamburg, and announced his
coming in May, 181G,by the advertisement that he had "taken board
at James Ilorton's Inn, and would punctually attend the calls of
all who should favor him with their, patronage." In 1821 he
purchased of the heirs of Martin Ryerson the Dr. Fowler house
and farm. His wife was Sarah Denton, of Vernon. He was the
Fourth of July orator in 1821, and is said to have been a man of
much versatility of talent; was appointed Judge of the Court
of Common Pleas in 1832, and again in 1837, serving for ten
years. He united with the North Church in 1831, was made an
Elder in 1837 and became very useful and influential.
When the Hamburg Manufacturing Company failed, in 1S38,
he was appointed Trustee of the creditors, and purchased, De-
cember 7, 1838, at a sale made by Sheriff John B rod rick, for the
sum of $4,041, one hundred and nine acres, being that part of
land conveyed by mortgage of Nathan Smith, whereon is the
( linton ore bed, usually called the Clinton mine.
Joseph E. Edsall had by foreclosure of mortgage secured pos-
session of the Hamburg furnace. L'Hommedieu & Edsall united
in business and operated the iron works for a time. It was a losing
enterprise for the doctor, and he relinquished the entire business
into the hands of his partner, April 1846. He removed to New-
ark, and entered the grocery and commission business with John
V. Baldwin. His commercial ventures were unsuccessful. He
died at Bloomfield, July 28, 1853.
He had five children. His eldest daughter, Mary, married
Rev. Mr. Moore and removed with him to the West. His sons,
"William Henry and Hezekiah Denton, died in early manhood.
HAMBURG AND SOME OF ITS PEOPLE. 105
James Congleton was born in Hardyston, June 12, 1780 ;
married March, 1805, Elizabeth, daughter of David Newman,
who was born 1787, at Beaver Run, and died 1861, on the farm
where her entire life had been spent. Mr. Congleton united
with the North Church in 1819; was made an Elder in 1821,
and continued in that office for fifty years, serving the church
with sincere piety and consecration. A man was once being ex-
amined before the Session for admission to the communion, and
in narrating his experience said, that the regular and faithful
attendance of the old deacon so affected his mind, he could not
rest until he followed him to church and gave his heart to God.
Mr. Congleton fell asleep January 21, 1871, in full age, like a
shock of corn fully ripe.
His eldest son Levi Congleton, was born April, 1810, married
Charlotte, daughter of Ilezekiah Schofield. united with the
North Church in 1831, and was made an Elder in 1866. He re-
moved to Sparta, but returned to Beaver Run a short time
before his death, November, 1879. His widow died August,
1887, at Sparta,
John Erastus Congleton was the fourth child of Levi, born
in 1841 ; was sergeant Co. D., 27th Regiment N. J. Yols. He
married Anna Mary Hiles, daughter of William Hiles, of Beaver
Run, and granddaughter of Rev. George Banghardt. They
united with the North Church in 1866. Lie was made an Elder
in 1876, and after giving promise of great usefulness, died sud-
denly, June 23d, 1879, at Beaver Run.
John Buckley, whose father came from England, carried on the
tannery business at Hackettstown. He was an active business
man. His name appears as a witness to a deed given for the site
of the Hackettstown Presbyterian Church, in 1764, in the pros-
perity of which church he was largely interested. He married
Mary Turner. His sons were George, Reuben, James, John,
Robert and Amos. He removed to Hardyston and came in pos-
session of the farms afterwards owned by Michael R. Sutton and
Abram Stoll, and carried on farming and the tannery business.
His sons, Robert, James, John and Amos removed from
106 HAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
George lived on his father's farm, and was an Elder of Ilar-
dyston Church, and of North Ilardyston Church after the separa-
tion in 1819, and assisted in planting the maple trees which now
surround that edifice. His pastor, Kev. Dr. Fairchild, in speaking
of the struggles of the church, years after t\\ii death of Mr. Buck-
ley, said that "George Buckley was a great worker in the church ;
he could almost carry the ark alone." Removed in 1837 to War-
ren county. Reuben Buckley, brother of John s- Sr., settled in
Wantage township after the Revolutionary war, and had three
Beuben 2d, son of John, Sr., married Sarah, eldest daughter
of Samuel and Abigail AVade. He resided and died in Hardys-
ton, where his widow continued to live, and raised a family of
iive sons and one daughter.
Simon Wade, the oldest son of Reuben 2d, born April 14th,
1808, married Jane, daughter of Jacob and Bethia Kimble.
He was Elder in the North Ilardyston Church from 1818
until his removal to Wantage township. He there became an
Elder in the Deckertown Church, and served until his death in
1875. His wife, Jane Kimble, died in 1885.
Jacob and Ephraim, Kimble were twins, and only children of
Daniel Kimble, who married a Keltz. Jacob married Bethia,
daughter of James Hopkins, and lived at the Big Spring. He
was an Elder at the North Church from 1827 to the time of his
death, in 1863. His sons were Burr Baldwin, Jacob and David
Hopkins. His daughters — Lydia, married to William Lantz ;
Sarah, to Samuel Beardslee ; Jane to Elder Simon W. Buckley ;
Catharine, to Abram Stoll ; Lucilla, to Elder Samuel O. Price ;
Charlotte, to Sheriff James Smith, and Matilda, unmarried.
Ephraim was the father of Robert and Ephraim M. He
lived in the house which was burned down, and rebuilt of brick
by his son, Ephraim Martin Kimble.
James Hojjl-ins owned land from Big Spring to Mark Con-
gleton's, and had two sons, Jonathan and David, and three
daughters, Charlotte, wife of Benjamin Kays, Sr.; Bethia, wife
of Elder' Jacob Kimble, and Lydia, wife of Elder Samuel Tuttle.
To each of his children he bequeathed a large farm.
HAMBURG AND SOME OF ITS PEOPLE. 107
William Inglis, Esquire, married Lucretia, daughter of
Michael Borick. Their home was at Monroe Corners. His son,
Rorick Inglis, died July, 1888.
Shadrach Fountain came from Saddle River, Bergen Co.,
N. J., and worked on the farm of Thomas Lawrence. His name
indicates his Huguenot descent. He was the father of Peter
Fountain, and Mary, wife of Nathan Smith.
Nathan Smith was born in 1777, and died in 1857. He was
the owner of the Welch farm, which he purchased from Joseph
Sharp. After the discovery of the hematite iron ore mine upon
it, he sold the farm to the Clinton Manufacturing Company, and
lived on the Harker farm, along the Wallkill, above Hamburg.
He afterwards bought the farm on the Mill road, and lived in the
house which William Ayres built in 1822, opposite the Bennett
Field. Henry I. Simpson took down the old house and built the
present one, for one of his sons. Mary Fountain, wife of Nathan
Smith, was born in 1780, and died in 1835. Nathan left a large
property divided at his deatli among fourteen children.
Nathan Smith and Peter Fountain together bought the
Harker farm. Smith sold out to Fountain, and Fountain sold
considerable portions of it to Colonel Edsall.
William. Ayres lived on the Mill road, and his sons, Archi-
bald and James, in two small houses, which he put up for them
on the two hills beyond. In the first, afterwards lived the Widow
Markham, who told fortunes, and was accounted a witch.
Benjamin, son of Moses and Abigail Northrup, was born at
Eidgeiield, Conn., 1739, and died September 1774. His wife was
Lenora, born 1739, and died March 1811. They removed first to
Dutchess county, N, Y., and came about 1769 to the North Church
and lived on the Plains farm now owned by the Franklin Iron
Co. He was the owner of a large tract of land. Their son Moses
was born 1762 and died 18-16 ; their grandson Moses Whitehead
was born 1799 and died 1877, and Henry Northrup of Lafayette
is their great grand son.
THE SECOND WAR WITH ENGLAND.
Congress declared war against Great Britian on the 18th of
June, 1812. The result of the fall elections of that year in our
State was the complete overthrow of the administration party, and
the triumph of the Federalists, or Peace party, in the choice of
members of Congress and the securing of a majority in the Legis-
lature. Colonel Aaron Ogden, son of Judge Ogden, of Ogdens-
burg, was chosen Governor. lie was at that time a resident of
Elizabethtown, engaged in the successful practice of law. The
voice of her people was in condemnation of the war, but never
was New Jersey found to falter in patriotism, nor did she ever
refuse (like some States) to call out her contingent of troops.
When the nation was in actual conflict with a great power, it was
not the disposition of her Governor, her Legislature and people,
to hesitate in bearing their part in the sufferings and privations of
the struggle. So great was the confidence reposed in Ogden'that
President Madison nominated him as Major General, with the in-
tention of placing him in command of the forces operating against
Canada. He, however, declined the appointment.
In the conflict which followed the declaration of war, Kew
Jersey did not suffer from actual invasion. The contest was prin-
cipally carried on upon the frontiers and upon the sea, yet her
sons bore their share in the great struggle. Who joined the na-
tional army from among the citizens of our town cannot now be
fully ascertained. A man named Grill, commonly called " Cap-
THE SECOND WAR WITH ENGLAND. 109
tain," was wounded in the shoulder at Lundy's Lane. Upon his
discharge he came to Canistear, where lie lived for many years,
and from time to time appeared in Hamburg to receive his pen-
sion. Among his sons were Fred and Moore Grill, who had an
The Second Sussex Regiment New Jersey militia, of revolu-
tionary fame, still continued its organization. Many were veter-
ans, but young blood mostly coursed in the veins of those who
tilled its ranks. Four companies marched to Sandy Hook, when
New York City was threatened with assault from the British
fleet. One of these companies was led by Captain Charles Beards-
lee, of the North Church, and another by Captain John Cary, of
Hamburg. Their recruits were mainly Hardyston men. Some
military companies from Orange county joined them, one of which
was commanded by Captain Alanson Austin, of Warwick.
William and Henry Warren Ogden, nephews of Gover-
nor Ogden, were scarcely more than lads when they received
midshipmen's warrants in the navy. William soon left the ser-
vice, but his brother continued a naval officer the remainder of
his life, rising to the rank of Captain, and commanding his own
ship. He cruised in every quarter of the globe, and was sent on
many important expeditions. In his visits to Hamburg he loved
to recount some of the eventful scenes of his life, and especially
the cruise of the frigate Essex.
He was ordered on board of her upon receiving his first com-
mission. The Essex was commanded by Captain David Porter.
She carried thirty-two guns, and on the 3d of July sailed from
Sandy Hook on a cruise to the south. On the 13th of August
she encountered the Alert, a British war vessel, which ran down
upon the Essex's quarter sending the shot over her decks. The
fire was gallantly returned, and after an action of only eight min-
utes the Alert surrendered. Captain Porter put on board of his
prize a crew of his own men, and sent her with his prisoners to
New York. Her capture was the first American success of the
war, and her flag sent to Washington, the first taken from the
Captain Porter continued his cruise, doubling Cape Horn
110 IIARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
amid tremendous storms, and entering the Pacific Ocean. For
six months he cruised along the coast of Chili and contiguous
waters, making havoc of British shipping. The news of the
Essex achievements caused, at length, the sending of a force to
destroy her. She had been carried into Valparaiso for supplies,
and was just standing out for sea, when the frigate, Phoebe, and
the slope of war, Cherub, made an attack. This was in neutral
waters and contrary to all the rules of war. The Essex had lost
her main top mast, the wind was contrary, and in close proximity
to the coast, she could not be brought into position to use her
broadsides. Anchors were dropped ahead from small boats, and
and the hausers were hauled to bring her into place. All this
was done under the heavy fire of the hostile ships. After three
hours of useless conflict the proud Essex surrendered,to her foes,
with the loss of 124 men in killed and wounded. Her Captain
and crew were paroled and sent in a small brig, one of Captain
Porter's own captures, called the " Little Essex," to the United
States. When approaching New York harbor they were inter-
rupted by an English armed vessel and detained for days regard-
less of their parole. Early one morning Captain Porter took to
the long boat with as many men as she could carry. They were
thirty miles at sea, yet eluded the efforts of their pursurers to
sink them with shot or to overtake them, and landed safely on the
Long Island shore. Ogden came home on leave, and in full
health and handsome naval suit, he was the admiration of some
and the envy of others who had been his companions of earlier
In mature years he was naval commander in New York
harbor, and on board his " receiving ship," the North Carolina,
received the visits of noted persons, both Americans and foreign-
ers, lie paid a lengthy visit to Hamburg in 1846, and a year or
two later died in New York City. He was distinguished for sea-
manship as well as for gallantry in action. Generous and impul-
sive, he was often entirely self-forgetful. Once when his ship
was in the harbor of Gibraltar, one of his seaman fell overboard.
In a moment lie leaped after the sailor and sustained him above
water until a boat could be lowered and come to their rescue.
HAMBURG AND PATERSON TURNPIKE ROAD. Ill
Hamburg and Paterson Turnpike Road. Furnished by Hon.
Thomas Lawrence, and first printed in the New Jersey Herald.
The " Hamburg Turnpike Boad " was chartered in 1806,
while Colonel Joseph Sharp was a member of the Legislature. It
was first constructed from Hamburg to Paterson, and was subse-
quently extended to Hoboken, on the east, and Milford on the
west, from which it connected with a road to Bath, N. Y., form-
ing an important outlet for the Lake country and Western New
York. Its route across Sussex county was from Stockholm, by
way of Hamburg, Deckertown, Libertyville and Brick House to
Milford, Pa. Some of the mile stones are yet standing, announc-
ing so many " miles to Hoboken or Jersey City." The former
coaches ran with four horses, and made three weekly trips, on
alternate days, bringing mails and passengers. The arrival of the
stage was an important event, and the sound of the driver's horn
announced its approach. There were relays of horses at Captain
Brown's, New Foundland, and at Deckertown. Deckertown was
the extent of travel for one day from New York. The first regu-
lar meeting for organization was held at Stockholm, January 1,
1806. The proceedings read as follows :
" At a meeting of a number of gentlemen from the towns of
Newark, Acquaconack, Paterson, Pompton, New Foundland and
Hamburg, on the first day of January, 1806, at New Foundland,
for the purpose of taking into consideration the practicability of
erecting a Turnpike road from Hamburg through Pompton to
Acquaconack, from thence to intersect the Turnpike at the Cedar
Swamp, by Schuyler's mines. Also from Bobert Colfaxes Corner
in as straight a direction to the town of New Ark as the ground
will admit of; also for extending the said Turnpike from Ham-
burg to the line of New York, or the Biver Delaware, in order to
facilitate the traveling from the western country.
Thomas Lawrence, Esq., in the chair. The following reso-
lutions were agreed to :
1st — Resolved, That a Turnpike road be erected from Ham-
burg to Colfaxes Corner, from thence to Acquaconack so as to
intersect the Turnpike at the Cedar Swamp. Also from Bobert
Colfaxes to New Ark on the best direction the ground will admit
of, which last is to be considered as a separate stock.
2d — Resolved, That John Linn, of Sussex, Martin Byerson, of
Bergen, Abraham Ackerman, of Acquaconack, Esquires, together
112 HAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
with a gentleman hereafter to be chosen by the citizens of New
Ark be a committee to attend the Legislature at Trenton, in Feb-
ruary next, for the purpose of procuring a law to erect the said
3d — Resolved, That the above Committee procure and circu-
late petitions to the Legislature for the purpose of obtaining the
above law which shall stipulate Hamburg as the place where the
Turnpike is first to commence.
4th — Resolved, That the following persons, or their asso-
ciates, be appointed to secure subscriptions for erecting said Turn-
pike, to wit: Joseph Sharp and John Seward, of Sussex,
Esquires, Robert Colfax and Martin Ryerson, of Pompton,
Esquires, Charles Kinsey, Abraham Godwin and Abraham Van
llouten, of Paterson, Esquires, Abraham Aukerman and Garret
Vanllouten, Acquaconack, Esquires, John Odle Ford, of Morris
county, and Jacob Kenouse, of New Foundland.
5th — Resolved, That Major Gordon, of Paterson, get inserted
in the New Ark Centinel, that application will be made to the
Legislature in February next for a law for said Turnpike.
6th — Resolved, That the aforesaid Turnpike shall be desig-
nated in the law by the name of the Hamburg Turnpike.
7th — Resolved, That Alexandria McWhorton, Esq., be
requested to draft a Bill to be presented to the Legislature in Feb-
ruary next for said Turnpike, and Major Gordon is hereby desired
to take the execution thereof in charge.
8th — Resolved, That the sum of eighty thousand dollars be
raised for the purpose of making said Turnpike from Hamburg
9th — Resolved, That twenty-five dollars shall be the price of
10th — Resolved, That one dollar on each share be paid in
advance at the time of subscribing.
11th — Resolved, That there shall be nine directors, one of
whom to be chosen for their President, and five to make a
12th — Resolved, That every subscriber shall be entitled to
a vote for each share subscribed, to the number of ten, and for
every five shares over that number one vote.
13th — Resolved, That the hills between Hamburg and the
Bergen line are not to exceed six degrees elevation and the re-
mainder part of the road not to exceed five degrees.
14th — Resolved, That the road from Hamburg to Acqua-
conack shall be made twenty-four feet wide.
15th — Resolved, That the Commissioners to lay out said
HAMBURG AND PATERSON TUBNPIKE ROAD. 113
road shall be chosen by the President and directors.
16th — Resolved, That when one thousand shares are signed
for, the Committee are required to call together the stockholders
in order to choose directors.''
Thomas Lawrence, Esq., was from the start, one of the most
active spirits in the enterprise and was a director in 1810, as shown
by the notice found among his papers.
May 8, 1810.
At a meeting of the Stockholders of the Patersort
and Hamburg Turnpike Company, at the house of Martin G.
Ryerson, Pompton, this day, you were elected one of the Direc-
tors for the present year. A meeting of the Directors is requested
at M. G. Ryerson's, Pompton, on Monday the 28 of this inst., at
11 o'clock forenoon at which meeting you are desired to attend.
By order of the Directors,
Martin J. Ryerson, Pr.
To Thomas Lawrence, Esq.
The following memorial is endorsed "A memorial to the P-
M. General from the citizens of Hamburg, Stockholm, Pompton,
Paterson and Acquaconack, on the subject of the establishment of
Post Offices and a post route between Hamburg and New York :
" To Gideon Granger, Esquire, Post Master General of
the United States, at the City of Washington:
"The subscribers, inhabitants of the villages of Hamburg,
Stockholm, Pompton, Paterson, and Acquanunck, and their vicin-
ity, in the State of New Jersey, beg leave to represent that a
turnpike road has lately been completed from Hamburg through
the several other villages to the city of New York. That the dis-
tance thereby to the city has been much shortened, and the facil-
ity for traveling greatly improved. That the citizens residing in
and near the villages aforesaid beg leave to solicit the Post Master
General to favor them with the convenience of having a Post
Office established at the villages of Stockholm, Pompton, Pater-
son, and Acquanunck, of which they have heretofore been de-
prived, and consequently has subjected them to very great incon-
veniences, expense, and delay in their communication of business
with the city. That the settlements on this route have become
very populous, and the business transacted, even under their pres-
ent privation of a public conveyance, is such that in their opinion
114 UARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
it would add very considerably to the revenue of the postal depart-
ment. Your memoralists pray, therefore, that you will take their
request into consideration, and grant them the conveniences they
"They beg to add further that it is contemplated to commence
running a stage shortly from the village of Hamburg on the above
route to New York City, and which they take the liberty to sug-
gest to the P. M. G., under the idea that a contract may possibly
from that circumstance be made with more economy for the con-
veyance of the mail, and that the distances between the offices
solicited for may be known, your memoralists have enjoined, a
schedule of the places and the distances from each other, and from
Hamburg to the city of New Y r ork."
The road was completed through the whole extent about 1810.
Jersey City was originally called Paulus Hook. The Paulus
Hook Ferry was well known to older travellers, and the crossing
of the Hudson River was a matter of apprehension with the
timid. In 1802 there were only thirteen inhabitants within the
limits of the present city, exclusive of the settlements of Bergen
and Communipaw. Thomas Lawrence in a letter written in 180-t
to a member of his family said :
"1 wish to entertain you with all the news' afloat, and an
information was announced to me last night that will be new and
surprizing to you. What think you of a new city, to be called the
City of Jersey^ The grounds have all been purchased, on a
lease of 999 years, of the Dutchman, the proprietor. This has
been done by a company of gentlemen in New Y^ork. The lots,
many of them, have been laid out, and many sold. The plan is
to be similar to the city of Philadelphia. The situation is ele-
gant, and the salubrity of it will induce its speedy settlement."
It was incorporated in 1820. Gov. Aaron Ogden moved
there in 1828, and was made Collector of Customs. A steam
ferry took the place of the old sail boat.
CUSTOMS AM) LOCAL HISTORY.
In the days when flax was raised and all the family linen was
homespun, it was the custom to have spinning visits. After the
flax had been gathered and hatcheled, it was divided into por-
CUSTOMS AJM1) LOCAL HISTORY. 115
tions, and the boys would go out on horseback to carry a small
bale to each house. The girls of the families spun the flax, and
upon invitation assembled on a given evening with their young
friends to bring in their hanks of thread, and have a gay party.
There would be an inspection of the work done, and some of the
young ladies took much pride in spinning fine yarn and having it
All the appliances for carding wool, and spinning and weav-
ing wool and flax were common in many houses. The ordinary
winter dress of the females was often of colored flannel. The
men and boys wore homespun gray suits of woolen cloth. Some-
times, however, the cloth was dyed a butternut, or even a bright
blue. Their shirts were of coarse linen and very durable. Home-
manufactured clothing might not be considered handsome in our
own times, but it was serviceable, and much more lasting than
the modern garments. The patterns for cutting out the clothes
were carefully preserved by the good mothers.
Tailors were found in the large towns, but few in earlier
times in the country. When, however, broadcloths and cassimers
began to be imported, lads were apprenticed to learn the tailor's
trade. Hamburg, for years, supported two or three tailor shops
with journeymen and apprentices. Then there sprang up a race
of sewing women, who were styled " tailoresses," and went out to
sew upon men's garments in the different houses. In primitive
times a calico dress was considered quite a luxury with many.
Some of the patterns were very quaint with floral designs almost
as big as cabbages. Chintz curtains were hung upon the high
posts of the best bedsteads. The coverlets were blue and white,
often with quite pretty designs. They antedated the patch work
The early settlers made themselves moccasins in Indian fash-
ion, for covering their feet, with the addition of thick leather soles.
When tanneries were established, families sent their own cow-
hides and calf-skins from which their boots and shoes were to be
made. The shoemaker made yearly visits, boarding at the houses
were he worked, often for weeks at a time, until the whole
household, father, mother, boys and girls, were provided for the
110 HARDY STON MEMORIAL,
next twelve months. Boots and shoes were commonly not made
rights and lefts, and for the sake of economy changed from foot to foot
every day to make the wear uniform. The more skillful young
men could repair their own boots, and one of the accomplishments
of a good house wife was the ability to put on a neat patch for
herself and her children.
A shoemaker named Shadrach kept the turnpike gate two
miles north of Hamburg, and for many years spent his winters in
going around to the houses where his services were required.
Soap and candles were home made. It was a busy day in the
house when the soft soap was made for the yearly supply. So, too,
was it, when the tallow candles were dipped.
Most hardware, sixty years ago, was procured from the black-
smith. All the nails, hinges, door latches, and common locks,
were made at the village shop. Every blacksmith made his own
tools, and supplied many of those of the carpenter. Farmers
would come to the blacksmith to have their axes and sythes made,
and their plow shares pointed. The stores sold Jiollowware — i. c.
pots, kettles, etc.
Upper and lower Hamburg from early times have each had
their blacksmith and wheelwright shops. The upper blacksmith
shop was long run by Samuel Woodhull, commonly called *' Uncle
Sam Odell." He was a devout man, a good Methodist, although
somewhat noisy in meetings. His son," Bill Odell," also a black-
smith, was the village poet and wit. He composed many verses
and often gave recitations of them in public places. Some of his
compositions were comic doggerel, in which he would travesty
the words and speeches of his townsmen, and describe their ways
and characters. AVoe to the man against whom Bill had any
grudge, for he would " show him up," and affix a nickname never
to be lost. His poems never went to the printer, and the words
of his songs are now lost. " Full many a gem, etc*"
An old cannon, of somewhat rough casting, was handed
down from revolutionary times, and remained for many years in
the village. In was dragged out on general training days, and
used on occasions of national rejoicing and political victoiy. It was
a great feature at the Fourth of Julv celebrations. When the news
CUSTOMS AND I.or.U. HISTORY. lit
of General Jackson's re-election reached the place, in 1832, the old
cannon was used in firing a salute of one gun for each state of the
Union. In the rapidity of the firing the piece became heated, and the
loading was attended with some danger. It was necessary to ex-
clude the air from the powder as it was put in. A man was hold-
ng his thumb upon the touch hole for this purpose, while two
others were ramming down the charge. The hot iron burned the
man's thumb, and made him flinch, so that air was let in, and an
explosion took place. One of the gunners was Coonrod Welch, son
of .Jacob, who was badly burned in the breast, his left arm torn away,
and the thumb taken from his right hand. He recovered, how-
ever, and with one hand, and that maimed, continued to work at
his trade, gaining quite a local reputation for making grain
cradles and axe handles.
.V swarm of ^Krolites, or shooting stars, appeared throughout
the country on the night of November 12th and loth, 1833. Pro-
fessor Ohustead, of New Haven, estimated that 240,000 fell in
the space of nine hours. The inhabitants of our town observed
the storm of fire, and not without alarm as portentous of some
great change that might affect the duration of the globe, or the
conditions of life upon it.
The winter of 1835 and 183G is spoken of as the most severe
ever known in this region. ( )n the 20th of November the snow
commenced falling, and the storm continued for three days. The
depth of snow, with accumulations from succeeding storms,
was from four to live feet upon the level. This was followed by
continuous cold weather, so that the snow covered the ground for
five months, until the latter part of April. Travel was impeded,,
and the labor of opening the public roads was very great. Com-
panies of men on horseback were formed to ride though and
break the tracks. Most of the fences were out of sight, and the
road breakers were not at all particular in keep to the highway,
but passed anywhere through the fields where the snow was light-
est. At intervals there were side tracks or switches broken to
enable sleds to pass each other. Accilents upon the roads were
of common occurrence. Teams would be stalled, horses fall down,
and become exhausted with a few miles driving. Paths were
118 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
shovelled from the barns to the streams for the watering of the
stock, and to the hay stacks. Often the weaker would be thrust
into the snow by the stronger cattle, and the farmers were obliged
to draw them out and lift them to their feet again. Many cows
and sheep died. Sheds were not then commonly provided for the
dairy, but the cows were foddered to a large extent in the barn
yards. Families were shut in for weeks. Many were in want of
firewood, and were forced to cut down the shade trees around
their dwellings for fuel. The}' cut the trees to the level of the
top of the snow, and when the snow finally disappeared, the
stumps left were five feet high. The supply of provisions with
many families ran very low. It was difficult to carry grain to the
mills, and some were without flour for days together. It was
equally difficult to reach the stores and purchase groceries. Our
mails were brought by stage from Paterson, but the route was
completely blocked for a long time.
About L820 there was a considerable immigration to the
Lake country in central and western New York. The immigrant
wagons camped on the field above the Lawrence hill, which be-
came quite a recognized halting place for the night.
In the years of 183G and 1837 there was a great exodus of
families to the western States, especially to Illinois and Missouri.
Some thirty-five families went out from the bounds of the Xorth
ilardyston congregation, and the church was necessarily very
much weakened. In the fall of 1S36 long strings of wagons
loaded with household goods and farming utensils, and carrying
the families of the settlers, were seen on their way passing to
Pennsylvania and Ohio, and thence to what was regarded as the
far West. Some were months in reaching their destination near
the Mississippi River. Those who were overtaken by winter,
suffered terribly in the tedious journey. They passed through
regions sparsely settled, with the people poor and having small
supplies for their own use and little to sell to strangers. When
the settlers reached their new homes the manner of living was
very different from that of their former abodes. Young children
died and delicate mothers pined away under the hard conditions
of prairie life. Yet, the thrifty in the course of years established
CUSTOMS AND LOCAL HISTORY. 119
comfortable homes and lived in plenty. Some, from the rise of
their lands in value, became wealthy. It is said of one family
that they loaned all their money, $600, and when the borrower
failed, they felt it a great hardship that they received only a piece
of prairie land. In the course of years the city of St. Louis ex-
tended around and over their property and the younger generation
have been living in affluence from the sale of their city lots, and
the rentals of portions of their inheritance.
A strange halucination of the times was the expectation of
great wealth from the raising of silk. It was believed that a new
industry had been introduced, more profitable to farmers than the
raising of grain and making of butter. Whole ship loads of young
trees and cuttings of the white Italian and morus-multicaulus mul-
berries were imported, and fields planted with the worthless
growth. Silkworms eggs were brought from southern Europe and
the East, and sold all over the country. Men, women and boys
gathered leaves and fed the worms, which were hatched by expos-
ing the eggs to warmth and the rays of the sun. The amount of
silk was so inconsiderable and of so little value for manufacture,
that the speculation died out as speedily as it had sprung up.
The descendants of the foreign trees are still occasionally seen,
the vestiges of the short-lived scheme. Some importers of the trees
made great fortunes, but many more who embarked in the enter-
prise lost heavily.
After the second war with Great Britain there was great pov-
erty throughout the country. The national resources were in a
deplorable condition. There was little money in circulation and
great business depression. Farm products brought low prices and
our community suffered in common with other places. Then
came a reaction, and business was conducted upon the credit sys-
tem. Paper money and promises to pay took the place of coin.
jSo one thought of paying in actual money. The United States
Bank came into operation, and the State Legislatures chartered
banks for almost every town. Our own village had its charter
entitled " An Act to incorporate the Hamburg Bank," passed by
the Legislature in 1837. Fortunately, perhaps, as it was ready to
go into operation, some occurrences delayed organization, and its
120 [IAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
bills never went into circulation. Some of these State Banks were
conducted honestly, but too many, with small assets in their
vaults, issued their bills and sent them broadcast wherever they
could dispose of them, (living and endorsing of notes was the
common practice. Long credits were given and payments made
in written promises to pay after so many days from date. Upon
these principles trade was very active. Many were induced to
make purchases, because the pay day might be so indefinitely
postponed. The Philosopher's stone, which John Randolph de-
clared, he had found comprehended in four words," Pay as you go,'"
was lost sight of. Sales were made, property exchanged owners,
and real estate rose very high. Speculation of all kind was rife.
Town lots were staked off and cities grew upon paper. Many
men were suddenly accounted wealthy, and reckoned their imag-
inary wealth by the thousands and hundred of thousands of dol-
This insecure basis could not stand however, and in due time
the bubble burst. When inflation came to its end, it scattered
dismay on every side. The charter of the United States Bank ex-
pired in 1830, and was renewed bv authority of the State of Penn-
sylvania. It suspended specie payment in I80T, a measure fol-
lowed with few exceptions by all the banks throughout the coun-
try. These suspensions were followed by disastrous consequences
to many. Failures and bankruptcy spread through business cir-
cles. ( 'redit ceased as notes went to protest, and men were una-
ble to meet their obligations. Many who believed themselves
secure in their possessions, awoke to see that their riches had taken
wings and they were penniless. Manufacturing ceased and work-
men were thrown out of employment.
Snitfftown, as narrated by Col. .Joseph Sharp, received its
name from liquor being sold on the top of the mountain, the men
who went there to have their jugs filled called it " going to buy
snuff." Then a set of men frequented it for their frolics and
called it " Snufftown.'" So that "going to Snufftown " was equiv-
alent to going on a drinking carouse. The name still adheres to
the locality from old usage, although the railroad station and Post
Office are called Stockholm, from the iron works which were
CUSTOMS AND LOCAL HISTORY. 121
formerly carried on a little farther down on the Pequannock
The name of the river Pequannock means, in the Indian lan-
guage, the dark or black creek. The whole range of the Ham-
burg Mountains was called by the Indians " Wa-wa-gan-da,"
which is still applied to a part of the range, with the change of a
single letter, making Wawayanda.
Yery near the county line, on the Pequannock River, stood
the " Windham forge," and a little farther up stood the " New
Snufttosvn forge."' Then on the Seward branch stood the forge,
grist mill and saw mill of Stephen Ford Margerum.
Podiunk is said to have been the name of an Indian chief,
from whom the mountain was called. The termination unh is
frequent with Indian names of mountains, as Monunka Chunk,
Musconetcunk, Shawangunk, and others in New York and Penn-
CHAPTER VII J.
MEXICAN AND CIVIL WARS
Hardyston bad little part in the Mexican Wak.
Fowler Hamilton, son of Benjamin and Sally Hamilton,
was a graduate of the West Point Military Academy. He served
with distinction under General Taylor and General Scott, rose to
the rank of Major in the Regular Army, and died while on duty
in Texas, after the war.
Wallace C. Collett was a student at law in Hamburg
when the war broke out. He returned to Paterson, his native
place, and raised a Volunteer Company, who chose him Captain.
He took his company to Texas and served in several battles under
General Taylor. A Lieutenant from Orange Co. challenged him
to a duel, in which he was killed. His brother was Colonel Mark
"W. Collett, of the 1st X. J. Volunteers, who fell while gallantly
leading his regiment at Salem Heights, Va., May 3d, 18G3.
Mr. Edsall, our Member of Congress from this District, had
obtained promise from President Polk, that if a company was
raised here it would be accepted and the officers he nominated
commissioned. The company was raised, but the officers did not
receive their commissions, and nothing came from the enlistments,
much to the disappointment of our young men.
HARDYSTON IX THE CIVIL WAR. 123
HAKDYSTON IN THE CIVIL WAR.
With the national uprising that followed the assault upon
Fort Sumpter, our section fully sympathized. A few of the
yoBDg men entered the three months service of the first volunteers,
but most of those who desired to go found the ranks of the New
Jersey quota already filled. The defeat of Bull Run had very
marked effect in arousing patriotic feeling. Soon after August,
1861, Thomas R. Haines was authorized to recruit men for the
New Jersey Cavalry Regiment which was being raised. Meet-
ings were held and addresses made in school houses and public
places, and in a short time the required number enlisted, and
formed Co. K. 1st Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry. Haines de-
ferred his claims to the captaincy of this company in favor of his
friend, Virgil Brodvick, and accepted the 1st lieutenantcy.
Company M. of the same regiment was also mainly recruited
here, and Haines was subsequently made its Captain.
In the pursuit of Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley, the 1st
N. J. Cavalry was placed in the advance. On the 6th of June,
1862, Colonel Windham, contrary to orders, advanced his com-
mand beyond his supports and fell into an ambuscade at Harrison-
burg, Va. He was himself with a number of officers and men
captured, and Captain Haines was killed.
Lieutenant Alansox Austin was at the time of his enlist-
ment a clerk in a Newton store. He was a cousin of Captain
Haines, and commissioned 2d Lieutenant of Co. M. At the bat-
tle of Cedar Mountain August 9th, 1862, he was struck by a shell
which took oft* his right leg. He was carried to the rear, but soon
afterwards expired with patriotic sentiments upon his lips, and
asking Chaplain Pency to pray with him.
Virgil Brodrick, born near Lafayette, was clerk for some
time in a store in Hamburg, and afterwards at Newton. He
served as private in the first three months volunteers, and was
made Captain of Co. K. 1st N. J. Cavah\y. He passed through
many battles, showing great courage, rose to the rank of Lieut.
Colonel, and was in command of the regiment at the battle of
Brandy Station, Va., June 9th, 1863, leading his men in a charge
124 HABDYSTON MEMORIAL.
upon the enemy's camp at daylight. He was struck by a bullet
and fell almost at the entrance to the tent of General J. E. B.
Stuart, and was buried in Virginia.
The 1st N. J. Cavalry Regiment participated in nearly one hun-
dred fights during the four years of the war. Few organizations have
left a more honorable record. Companies Iv. & M. poured out their
blood on the numerous battle fields, and left many of their fallen
to slumber in southern soil. Survivors still bear the scars of their
honorable warfare, and it is their glory that they belonged to this
The handsome monument, erected by the State of New Jer-
sey on the Rummel farm, near Gettysburg, to the memory of
the fallen of this regiment, has inscribed upon it the names of the
three officers above mentioned.
Under the President's call of July 7th, 1862, for three hun-
dred thousand volunteers, three companies were raised in Sussex
County for the 15th Regiment N. J. Infantry. Co. D. was re-
cruited in Lafayette, Co. I. in Newton, and Co. K. in Hardyston.
Samuel Fowler, of Franklin Furnace, was appointed Colo-
nel. He commanded the regiment until after its arrival at
Bakersville, Md., where it was brigaded in the 1st Brigade N. J.
troops, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps. At this place Colonel
Fowler was stricken with typhoid fever, and when the army
moved across the Potomac into Virginia he was left behind under
the care of Surgeon Sharp. From this attack he never fully re-
covered. For a time he resumed his command, but was by ill
health forced to resign his commission March 6th, 1863.
Colonel Fowler was born at Franklin, in 1S18, and inherited
many traits of character from his father, Dr. Samuel Fowler. His
mother was Rebecca Wood Piatt, daughter of Robert Ogden 3d,
of Ogdensburg. lie was untiring in his efforts to further enlist-
ments, and his influence was largely felt in gathering the com-
panies which nis county and State sent into the field. He studied
law with Governor Haines, was admitted to practice, but never
continuously followed his profession. lie was naturally eloquent,
and gifted with a degree of personal magnetism, which had great
power to sway an audience. Leaving the army, he retired to his
LIARDYBTON IX THE CIVIL WAR. 125
home at Franklin. Chosen to the State Legislature, he insisted
upon being taken from a sick bed to make the journey to Trenton
He was present at the organization of the House of Assembly, in
the discharge of what he regarded as a duty, and was taken back
to his hotel, where he shortly breathed his last,' January, 1865.
His funeral was attended by the Legislature in a body, and he
was buried at North Church Cemetery.
Lieutenant John Fowler was a brother of the Colonel, and
the youngest son of Dr. Samuel Fowler, born at Franklin 1825.
He first entered the military service as 2d Lieutenant Co. K.,
1st N. J. Cavalry. lie resigned his commission in the Cav-
alry, and upon the organization of the 15th X. J. Vols, was
appointed 2d Lieutenant Co. K., and promoted 1st Lieuten-
ant of same company, lie was in charge of the ambulance
train, but anticipating the moving of the army, had some
days before requested to be returned to his regment. He
came back only to sacrifice his life, and to be killed by a
bullet shot just before sundown in the battle of Salem Heights,
Ya., May 3d, 1883. A comrade wrote : " He was in the thickest
of the fight, leading his company, when he was struck by a
minnie ball in the left side of the breast, and with a single excla-
mation fell to the ground, and lay perfectly motionless. At this
moment we were ordered to fall back, and were obliged to leave
our wounded and dead in the hands of the enemy/' His body
was never recovered from the battle Held. A handsome cenotapli
is erected to his memory in North Church Cemetery.
John P. Fowler, born Nov. 13th, 1813, nephew of Dr.
Samuel Fowler, was Captain of Co. M. 1st N. J. Cavalry, but re-
signed his commission and accepted the appointment of Sergeant-
Major of the 15th N. J. Vols. A brave and gallant man,
his name was the first placed on the list for promotion to a com-
mission in the regiment. A railroad bank below Fredricksburg
had been captured by a part of the N. J. Brigade, on the after-
noon of December 13th, 1862. Fearless of danger he stood upon
the track, rendering himself, a tall man, a conspicuous mark for
the enemy's sharp-shooters. A bullet struck him in the thigh,
severing a large artery. In the confusion of the moment it was
126 1IARDVSTON MEMORIAL.
impossible to stay the flow of blood, and he expired in a few min-
utes. He was buried at evening ; and as w r e were recrossing the
Rappahannock two days later, his cousin, Col. Fowler, arrived, his
body was taken up, sent to Washington for embalment, and to
Hamburg for burial. ( )n his tomb is inscribed : " He fell gal-
lantly fighting for the constitution, the union, and the enforce-
ment of the laws."
Henry M. Fowler was the second son of Sergeant Major
Fowler, born near Hamburg in 1846. He was sixteen years old
when he enlisted in Co. K. 15th N. J. Vols. Upon the death of
the father the Governor gave the commission intended for him to
his son, who was made 2d Lieutenant Co. G. He was wounded
and captured at Spottsylvania, Va., May 12th, 1864. After a
painful experience of the hardships and cruelties of Southern
prisons, he made his escape from the cars as a large body of
prisoners were being transported to another place of confinement.
By a romantic series of adventures and deliverances in the moun-
tains and swamps, he at last reached the Union lines in Tennessee .
He returned to the regiment and received his second promotion to
be captain of Co. A. After the war he served in the regular
army, and lost his life some years later in New Orleans during the
prevalence of the yellow fever. He fell a victim to his sense of
duty, refusing to leave his post, where he had charge of the large
city cemetery. His memory wf.s honored by a meeting largely
attended by Confederate and Union officers in the city, who paid
all the expenses of his burial and sent his orphan children to the
Martin ( '. Van Gelder was ( )rderly Sergeant of Co. K. 15th
N. J. Vols. He was born at Hamburg about 1835, and was liv-
ing at Deckertown, when he enlisted. He was mortally wounded
at sunset in the battle of May 8th, 1863, at Spottsylvania, Va.,
and fell within the enemies lines, but after dark some of his com-
rades reached him and brought him oft' in a blanket. As they
carried him in, he said, "Tell my wife I die happy, Jesus is my
Savior." He suffered great agonv from a wound in the breast
and could not lie down without causing the blood to flow afresh.
( )n the 19th of May he died in the hospital at Fredericks-
HARDYSTON IN THE CIVIL WAR. 127
Among others of Co. K., who fell in battle, or died from
wounds were :
James Cassidy, Corporal of the Color Guard, born at Ham-
burg 1835, wounded at Spottsylvania, May, 8th 1864, and died
May 22d. Buried at Fredericksburg, Va.
Chileon II. Brown, Corporal, born near Hamburg 1812,
killed at Fisher's Hill, Va., September 22d, 1864, and buried on
Franklin S. Bishop, 24 years old, killed at Salem Heights,
May 3d, 1863, body never recovered.
Monmouth Boyd, born near Hamburg, 1843, died June 8th,
1864, from wounds received May 8th, at Spottsylvania, Va.,
buried at Arlington.
Isaac Byram, killed at Cedar Creek, October 19th, 1864,
buried at Winchester.
Seaman Conklin, 25 years old, killed at Spottsylvania, May
8th, 1S64 buried on battle field.
Andrew J. Doyle, born at Franklin, 1844. He had been
twice badly wounded, and preferred to return to his regiment
rather than be transferred to the Invalid Corps. He came back
from the hospital a short time before the battle of Cedar Creek,
Va., in which he was killed by a shell, which struck oft* his head?
October 19th, 1864. He was buried by his comrades near the
spot where he fell.
Lewis L. Kent, Corporal, was a shoemaker at Hamburg, born
1823. When the Sixth Corps withdrew from the south bank of
the Rappahannock, on the night of June 13th, 1863, the passage
across the river was effected so quietly that numbers of our soldiers
were not aware of it until the bridge was taken up. In a shelter
tent under the bank were sleeping privates Albert Fowler, Hiram
C. Sands, and Kent. In the morning they found themselves
prisoners and were marched off to Richmond. They were shortly
after exchanged, and Kent came home on a furlough. In the
charge at Spottsylvania May 12th, 1864, he was instantly killed by
a bullet wound in the breast, and buried on the field three days
after the battle, near the Salient (Bloody Angle).
128 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
Andrew Lambert, 23 years old, killed at Salem Heights, Va.,
May 3d, 1863. Body not recovered.
Bowdewine Meddalgh, nineteen years old, died at Alexan-
dria, Va., June 7th, from wounds received May 12th, 1861. at
Spottsylvania, buried in National Cemetery.
Sidney N. Monks, born at SnufFtown in 1810, killed in the
Wilderness, Va., May 6th, 1861, and buried on the battle field.
Daniel O'Leary died May 11th, from wounds received at
Salem Heights May 3d, 1863, buried at Washington, D. C.
Eli D. VanCIorden, of Wantage, born 1S12, killed at Salem
Church, Va., May 3d, 1863, body not recovered.
Barney A^ an Orden, of Hamburg, aged 11, killed at Salem
Church, Va., May 3d, 1863, body not recovered.
Charles A. Zeek, aged 25, killed at Salem Church May 3d,
1S63, body not recovered.
Obadiah P. Lantz. Co 1.. 15 N. 1. Vols., aged 21, and
Joseph W. Stonaback, Co. D., 15 X. J.Vols., aged 21, died from
typhoid fever, in the army, in 1S63. Their remains were
brought home and buried in North Church Cemetery.
List of soldiers buried in Hardyston :
AT NORTH CHURCH CEMETERY.
1. Samuel Fowler, Colonel 15 Regiment N. J. Vols.
2. Thomas R. Haines, Captain Co. M., 1st Regt. N. J.
3. Cenotaph to John Fowler, Lieutenant Co. X., 15th N.
1. Henry O. Fowler, Co. 11., 37th N. J. Vols,
5. George W. Doland, Co. M., 1st N. J. Cav.
6. Charles Price, Co. M., 1st N. J. Cav.
7. Nathaniel I). Martin, Corporal Co. X., 1st N. J. Cav.
8. Thomas J. Lewis, Sergeant Co. X., 1st N. J. Cav.
9. Obadiah P. Lantz, Co. L, 15th N. J. Vols.
10. Joseph W. Stonaback, Co. D., 15th N. J. Vols.
11. William Lozaw, Co. K., 15th N. J. Vols.
12. Daniel Everman, Co. X., 15th N. J. Vols.
13. John E. Congleton, Sergeant Co. D., 27tli N. J. A'ols.
HARDYSTON INK TH CIVIL WAR. 129
14. John Cassady, Co. II., 27th X. J. Vols.
15. Nelson Mabee, Co. D., 27th N. J. Vols.
16. Searing Wade, Co. I)., 27th N. J. Vols.
17. Joel Campbell, Penn. Vols.
is. James McDaniels, 16th N". Y. Independent Battery.
19. Matthew Babcock, Co. B., 124 X. Y. Vols.
20. Martin Wright.
21. John P. Fowler, Sergeant Major 15th N. J. A r ols.
22. Daniel W. Tinkey, N. Y. Engineers.
In 1738 the population of New Jersey was less than fifty
thousand, and that of Sussex County between five and six hun-
dred. " At that time there was not a school house or a meeting
house within the limits of territory comprising the present coun-
ties of Sussex and Warren." [Edsall.]
The Hollanders, in the Minisink region, selected from their
own people a youth of talent, sixteen years of age, John Casper
Fryenmoet, whom they sent for education to Holland. They
paid his expenses for four years, and upon his return in 1741,
erected four buildings for his use. These were the Mahackemack
Church, now Port Jervis, the Minisink in Montague, the Wal-
pack, and the Smithfield in Pennsylvania.
The first Greenwich Presbyterian Church was built of logs
previous to 1744, in which James Campbell preached, and also
David Brainerd, when in the vicinity.
Peter John Bernhard and Casper Schaeffer, his son-in-law,
were Germans, who came in 1742 from Philadelphia to Stillwa-
ter. With other Germans they formed a congregation and
appropriated a plot of ground for burial purposes, and for a
church site. Mr. Bernhard died in 1748, and his was the first
interment in the new cemetery. A church building was erected
In 1771. The congregation was German Reformed in its con-
nection, and was subsequently merged into the Presbyterian
Church of Newton.
KARLY CHURCHES. 131
Edsall says : " in 1TC9 Newton contained an Episcopal
congregation ; about the same time a German congregation was
gathered, and a Presbyterian congregation was soon brought
together." The congregations at Newton had no church buildings
for a long time afterwards, and their membership was small.
After the Court House was erected the Presbyterians held servi-
ces in it until their church was built in 1787 ; and there also the
Rev. Uzal Ogden, the Episcopal minister, preached from 1771
until his removal in 1779.
The church at Beemer Meeting House was organized by set-
tlers from Connecticut. Its government at first was Presbyterian
inform, but afterwards it united with the Connecticut Association
and became congregational. Its earliest pastor w T as A. Augustine,
of whom little is known. The second was Jabez Colver, who was
accused of Toryism during the Revolutionary war, and after the
conflict removed to Canada, having served this church for thirty
years. There the government gave him a large tract of land. He
held extensive landed property in Sussex County, and Culver's
(iap, and Culver's Pond were probably named for him. His suc-
cessor was Rev. Mr. Seely, a godly man, who visited in Hardy s-
ton, and occasionally preached and administered the sacraments in
the Gary Meeting House. Mr. Kanouse, in 1844, says of him :
" He was a good man, and much beloved by his people, and is
still remembered by the aged with delight. Under his ministry
the church was built up by hopeful conversions to God.'' Seven
other pastors succeeded Mr. Seely, the last of whom was Rev. Bar-
ret Matthias, a cultivated and graceful speaker, and a vigorous and
interesting writer upon religious subjects. On the 13th of July,
1844, the church resolved by unanimous vote to unite with the
Second Presbyterian Church of Wantage. It was constituted a
separate organization by Newton Presbytery in 1882, and is
now called the Papakating Presbyterian Church.
The earliest settlers at Hamburg were Presbyterians and
Reformed Dutch, who had occasionally religious meetings in their
houses as early as 1750. Says Mr. William Rankin : "In 1770
three families came here from Rhode Island, named Marsh, Hart
and Southworth, who were Baptists." The Baptists of the towns of
132 HABDYSTON MEMORIAL.
Wantage, llardyston and Newton, " banded together in church
relation," with William Marsh as their preacher. An old bond,
executed by William Marsh, of I lardy s Town, October 20th, 1762,
to Robert Ogden 2d, shows that he was living here at. that date,
and also that Judge Ogden had at that early time business trans-
actions with the inhabitants along the Wallkill. Marsh lost his
life in the massacre of Wyoming, in 1778.
In 1777 the Baptists chose Constant Hart as pastor, and organ-
ized a religious society, taking the name of the " Baptist Church
of AVantage, Hardystown and Newtown." They built a house of
worship on Lawrence's Hill, to the west of Hamburg. Its loca-
tion was not satisfactory to the Baptist families, who were
mostly in Wantage; and in 1782, five years after its erection, it
was taken down and rebuilt in Wantage, and became " The First
Baptist Church of Wantage," more commonly known as the Pa-
pakating Meeting House.
The Dutch ministers from the Minisink region visited the
settlers of the Clove, and at a meeting of the inhabitants, August
21st, 1787, a petition was drawn up and signed by fifty-five names,
asking for organization as a Low Dutch Church from the Olassis
of New Brunswick. At September classis, 1787, "was granted
and ordered the formation of a congregation in the (love and
vicinity." " Agreeable to said order," elders and deacons were
ordained, and the church was constituted April 16th, 1788, by
Rev. Elias Y. Bunschooten, its oiily pastor while it continued a
Dutch Church. Helmos Titsworth's barn served as a meeting
house for a time, until a log church was built a little south of the
present edifice. By vote of the members, November 24th, 1817,
it became Presbyterian.
The following record is found in the Clerk's office at Newton:
" At a meeting of the Presbyterian congregation in llardys-
ton, in the county of Sussex, holden at the dwelling house of
Rob. Ogden, Esq., the present and most usual place of meeting of
said congregation, on Thursday, 23d Novebmer, A. D., 1786, in
order to form a body corporate and choose trustees, agreeable to
the act of the Legislature of this State, passed the 10th March,
1786, due notice having been given by advertisements agreeable
to the directions of said act. A sermon was preached by the Rev.
EARLY CHURCHES. 133
.las. Wilson previous to the election.
The meeting then proceeded to business and chose Rob.
Ogden, Esq., Moderator; Kob. Ogden, Jr., Clerk. The Modera-
tor and Clerk being chosen, the meeting proceeded to the choice
of trustees, when the following gentlemen were elected : Rob.
Ogden, Esq., Christopher Hoagland, Esq., Charles Beardslee, Esq.,
Christopher Longstreet, Japhet By ram, Rob. Ogden, Jr., Esq.,
Thomas VanKirk, Esq.
" I certify the above proceedings to be regular and true.
Ron. Ogden, Moderator. ,,
At the same meeting, the trustees chosen, took the oaths re-
quired by the act of the Legislature, and assumed the name and
title of the " First Presbyterian Church in Hardyston."
" It would not be amiss to date the church back to the time
when services were held in the house of Robert Ogden. This was
perhaps as early as 1780. The church was built on land (to the
extent of 54 acres,) given for that purpose by the proprietaries
of New Jersey. For some years it was a mere shell of frame,
roofed and weatherboarded, with roughly hewn seats for the wor-
shippers. The old frame remains to-day, apparently as strong as
when first put together. The original members of the church are
supposed to have numbered ten, and to have been named as fol-
lows : Christian Clay, Mary Clay, his wife; Jonathan Sutton,
Robert Ogden, Jonathan Sharp, -lane Mills, wife of Robert Mills ;
Mary Johnson, wife of Andrew Johnson ; Gabriel Paine, John
Linn, and Martha, [his mother.] April 8th, 1810, there were 40
on the roll. May 14th, 1819, there were 99 active members of
the church, and 49 of them were dismissed to form the church of
North Hardyston, and 13 to form that of Hamburg, leaving 37 to
continue the First Church of Hardyston. "
[Chambers Sparta Memorial.]
The congregation of the First Church of Hardyston began
the erection of a house of worship at the head of the Wallkill,
now Sparta village, in the spring of 1786. This organization was
designed to include all the Presbyterians of the town, but the
inhabitants of North Hardyston, who worshipped at Cary's meet-
ing House, petitioned for land to be given them also, within a
reasonable distance. The petition was favorably considered, and
a second donation of land was secured through the courtesy of
Judge Lewis Morris, signer of the Declaration of Independence,
and a parsonage lot of 54 acres was set off for congregational pur-
134 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
poses to the people of North Hardjston. The land given is a
part of the farm of Asa Munson, and known in his deeds as " the
Parsonage Lot." The minutes of record at Perth Amboy, are in
Book S, S, page 142, 30th May, 1787.
Grants of land had been made by the East Jersey Proprietors
for church purposes to the leading denomination of each town.
In Newton the Episcopalians were stronger and received the gift
of a farm ; in Hardyston the Presbyterians were the most num-
erous, and obtained the double gift here spoken of.
The date of the erection of the first Gary Meeting House
cannot be given with certainty. 1782, the year the Baptists re-
moved their church from Hamburg, is accepted by some, and a
commemorative meeting was held at the North Church in 1882.
Others think it was standing during the Revolutionary War.
Deacon Garret Kemble said, " It stood there long before." The
testimony of the few living who worshipped there in early life
makes it a very old building. Burials were made on the spot as
early as 1774. Mrs. Sally Hamilton described it as having a very
substantial frame, and said it was used many years before its com-
pletion. The ceiling was never plastered, and the swallows made
their nests on the beams.
A subscription paper, dated June 19th, 1813, speaks "of the
decayed situation of the old meeting house near the Wd. Beard -
slee's." A building must have stood many years, before such a
description would be suitable.
The Gary Meeting House continued its connection with the
First Church in Hardyston, at the head of the Wallkill, until
May loth, 1819, when it was organized as a distinct church with
sixty-one members. Fifty of these came by letter and eleven
were received on profession. On July 18th, nineteen more were
received by letter, and eight on profession, making the total mem-
bership eighty-eight. The corporate name adopted was " The
North Presbyterian Church of Hardyston."
The " Presbyterian Church of Hamburg " was constituted a
separate church May 14th, 1819, the day previous to the organi-
zation of the North Church of Hardyston and by the same com-
mittee of Presbytery. The records have long disappeared.
EARLY CHURCHES. 135
Very little is now remembered of the early ministry of the
First Church in Hardyston. The names of He v. Mr. Jackson,
and of Rev. Mr. Seeley, from the Frankford and Wantage, or
Beemer Meeting House, Church, appear as doing ministerial ser-
vice among our people.
Rev. Holloway Whitefield Hunt was the earliest pastor of
whom much can be' said. There is no record of stated preaching
in our churches until 1795, when Mr. Hunt took charge of the 1st
Hardyston, Cary's Meeting House, and Newton Churches, serving
them until 1802. He received from Robert Ogden the use of a
farm, and finally the possession of it, conditioned upon his re-
maining as minister to these churches for seven years. He re-
ceived his deed, gave his receipt in full, and shortly moved away-
He was of an English family who came to America in 1652.
His parents were Augustine Hunt and Lydia Holloway, and he
was born in Orange Co., N. Y., 9th April, 1769. His father, who
removed to Wyoming, Pa., but after the massacre, in 1778, fled
with his family and returned to Orange Co., advised his son to
seek some life work for himself, saying, " All I have to give you
is a dollar and the blessing of God.'' After his conversion, Hollo-
way began to preach as a Methodist minister, but found his edu-
cation inadequate, and as soon as he had secured means, — by
chopping wood and cleaning land — he prepared for college, grad-
uated at Nassau Hall in 1791, and came here the following year.
He was licensed by the Presbytery of New Brunswick, in Decem-
ber, 1794, ordained and installed over the churches of Newton
and Hardyston, June 17th, 1795, and died January 11th, 1858, in
his 89th year.
During his ministry the Presbyterians of Hamburg used a
large school-house, with a chimney at each end, which occupied
very nearly the site of the present Presbyterian Church. In this
school-house Mr. Hunt frequently held evening services. On one
occasion he preached a sermon, ever remembered by Mrs. Sally
Hamilton, upon the words, " Faith, Hope and Charity." When.
Joseph Sharp was living here, he took down the large school-
house, and built a smaller one, near where the iron bridge of the
Lehigh & Hudson River Railroad stands. Mr. Hunt's brother
130 lIARnYSTON MEMORIAL.
whom lie assisted in educating, and several of his sons and
grandsons, became ministers.
From 1802 the church had for three years supplies furnished
by the New York Presbytery. In the winter of 1805 Barnabas
King, a frail and youthful looking man, a graduate of Dartmouth
( 1 ollege, who had studied for the ministry, was teaching in the
State of New York, and preparing to go further west to some of
the newly formed settlements. A friend, Mr. Beach, of Morris
County ^ had written to him that there was an open door in north-
ern New Jersey. He purchased a horse, crossed the Hudson
River at Newburg, and entered New Jersey near Vernon. On
Christmas eve he stopped for the night at a tavern where there
was a country ball, but obtained very little rest. This was prob-
ably the old tavern house in Hamburg whose site is now occupied
by the new house of Henry \\ r . Edsall. The next day the trav-
eller reached the hospitable mansion of Robert Ogden, who gave
him a cordial welcome.
Rev. Albert Barnes wrote that he knew of no minister whose
walk and labor and success had been so admirable as those of Barn-
abas King, of Rockaway. < me of our members recollects his com-
ing to the house of her father, Judge John Linn, at Harmony
Vale, to baptize one of his children. Robert Ogden gave Mr.
King a letter of introduction to his son-in-law, Colonel Joseph
Jackson, of Rockaway. The churches of Rockaway and Berk-
shire Valley were vacant, and Mr. King took charge of them in
connection with Sparta and the Cary Meeting House, and this
arrangement continged for three years, when he received a call to
preach one-half of his time at RocKaway, with the salary of $125,
and afterwards of $208. A great revival began at Rockaway,
and at one communion nearly eighty were received into the
" lie began at once," says Dr. Joseph F. Tuttle, " in the most
systematic manner to minister to his people. He not only
preached in every neighborhood, but visited every house for re-
ligious instruction and prayer. I lis labors became excessive at
times, and for weeks together amounting to ten public services a
weak, besides his regular visits in the parish and visits to the
KAULV CHURCHES. 137
sick."" lie died in April, 1862, in his eighty-second year, and
after a pastorate of fifty-live years.
In 1810 Oliver Gueen, a licentiate, became stated supply.
Before his ordination lie died at the house of Robert Ogden,
August 24th. 1810, and was buried in the rear of the Sparta
Church, where Mr. Ogden placed a tombstone to his memory.
lie was the son of Oliver Green, of Ashburnham, England, grad-
uated at Dartmouth ( 1 ollege in 1807, and was licensed to preach by
South Worcester Association.
In 1S11 Joseph Linn Siiafek, D. 1)., began his ministry,
giving by agreement one Sabbath out of four to the congregation
at Cary's Meeting House, and preaching also at Sparta and New-
ton. He received $132 from the North Church as their propor-
tion of the salary. In lSir> he ceased to preach in Hardyston
and took the exclusive charge at Newton, remaining there as pas-
tor until his death, with the exception of two years spent at Mid-
Casper Scl wetter came from the Palatinate, Germany, and set-
tled in 1712 on the bank of the Tehoe-neteong creek, now the
Paulins Kill, near the site of the present village of Stillwater, lie
married Maria Catrina, daughter of .John Peter Bernhard, who
also settled in Stillwater. Casper had eight children, of whom
Isaac was the sixth. Isaac Sehaeffer married for his second wife,
Martha Linn, daughter of Joseph Linn and Martha Kirkpa trick.
Joseph L., their oldest child, was born at Stillwater May 9, 1787,
united with the Yellow Frame Church in his fourteenth year,
and died at Newton November 12th, 1853. His wife was Diana
Forman, of Freehold.
Dr. Shafer's usefulness continued until he was stricken with
paralysis, shortly before his death, while reading the closing hymn
after his sermon. He was most conscientious in his religious con-
victions and affectionate toward the people of his charge. His
ministry in North Hardyston was distinguished by the building
of two churches.
A subscription list dated June 19th, 1813, reads: " We, the
subscribers, being sensible of the decayed situation of the old
meeting house near the widow Beardslee's, and of the necessity
138 HARDY ST0N MEMORIAL.
and great utility of having a decent and comfortable house erected
at or near the place where the old one stands, for public worship,
do engage to pay the several sums annexed to our respective
names. When a sufficient sum is subscribed, managers shall be
chosen to contract and superintend the work, and Martin Byer-
son, Israel Munson, George Buckley, Noah Hammond, Peter
AVhitaker and J. Sutton shall be a committee to circulate sub-
scriptions to raise funds for the purpose aforesaid." John Linn
subscribed $150 ; Samuel Fowler, $150 ; George Beardslee, $150 ;
James Scott, $100 ; Charles Beardslee, $100, and others very lib-
eral sums amounting to $1,133. Noah Hammond subscribed
$45 " if no house is built at Hamburg."
The portion of the congregation who before went up the hill
complained so much, that the new house was placed below it, near
where Colonel Cary's log house once stood. A paper endorsed
"" Memorandum of Proceedings and resolutions respecting building
a Meeting-house near "VViddow Beardslee's in Hardiston, 1814,"
reads : £i At a meeting held at the Widdow Beardslee's the 1st
day of February, A. D., 1814, to consult upon the propriety
of building the Meeting House near the old house in that place
it was resolved to go on ; and that George Beardslee, Doctor
Samuel Fowler, and Samuel Beardslee be the managers to Con-
tract and superintend the work.
" And that John Buckley, Jr., Beverly Beardslee, George
Buckley, and Peter AVhitaker, Esqr., be Collectors, to collect the
Money subscribed for the purpose of building said House. And
that John Linn, Esqr., be and hereby is chosen Treasurer. It
was moved and carried that the Treasurer and Collectors act in
that capacity without fee or reward. And the Managers be only
allowed pay when out from home on expense."
By Feb. 10th, 1814, bills were presented for shingles pur-
chased and lumber hauled, showing that the work went promptly
on after the congregational meeting was held. A debt contracted
was not wholly paid off until after 1S20. The building in an
unfinished condition was occupied that winter, and for several suc-
ceeding years. Dr. Fairchild speaks of it in 1830 as "scarcely
EARLY CHURCHES. 139
From the time the Post Office was established until the break-
ing out of the second war with Great Britain there was much
business energy and some village pride in Hamburg. The build-
ing of a church in the place had been discussed, and March 21st,
1808, a meeting was held by a few influential citizens, who ap-
pointed a committee to secure subscriptions for a meeting house,
to be called the Hamburg Church, and to be free to all denomin-
ations. Nothing, however, came of it.
In 1813 when the matter of rebuilding the Cary Meeting
House was under discussion, the Presbyterians of this place re-
solved to build, and shortly after the two structures were going up
at the same time. Mr. Martin Ryerson, who called himself a
Quaker, promised to give the land. The Baptists subscribed
nearly one hundred dollars, and when the deed was drawn up,
dated January 10th, 1814, Mr. Ryerson refused to give the lot to
the Presbyterians exclusively, but made it to the " Trustees of the
United Presbyterian and Ana-baptist Society of Hamburg."
AVhen the house was completed stated services were held in
it by the ministers of the First and North Ilardyston congrega-
tions, and the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper were
administered. The Presbyterians exercised the prior use of the
house, and continued until 1831 to have their Sabbath morning
service here, alternating with the North Church. When the
third North Church was dedicated Dr. Fairchild insisted upon
preaching there every Sabbath morning, and giving the afternoon
only to Hamburg.
The Hamburg Church was originally almost square in plan,
with a gallery on three sides. The wine glass shaped pulpit stood
on a single pillar, and was reached by winding stairs. There were
four square pews on each side and long seats through the middle
of the house. The square pews were sold and deeds given for
them as in the Sparta Church. The Second North Church re-
sembled the Hamburg Church, and was built on the same model.
Rev. Noah Crane came in 1816, and purchased a farm in
Sparta, upon which he lived. He was born at Montclair July
14th, 1780 ; ordained by the " Associated Presbytery of Morris
( ounty ;" was our minister until 1818, and continued twelve years
140 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
longer at Sparta, lie was spoken of in terms of wannest affec-
tion. His death occurred at Newark Sept. 16th, 1851.
Burr Baldwin, a licentiate of New York Presbytery,
preached here for one year, 1818, and was greatly blessed in his
The wave of the great revival of 1800 reached this region, and
the activity of the pastors in our county was finally crowned with
joyous ingatherings. There were several " general meetings 1 ' in
which a number of churches united. As a specimen of these,
we may name one held at Beemer Meeting House. Robert
( >gden records it in his diary as follows :
"1818, Tuesday, 25th August. After breakfast set off with
Mr. Crane to go the General Meeting at Beemer's Church, in
Frankford. Eat dinner at Judge Linn's. In the evening attended
the prayer-meeting in Beemer's church ; about 100 assembled.
Lodged at N. Beemer's. AVednesday morning attended the prayer-
meeting at sunrise ; about fifty were present. At nine assembled for
worship. Mr. Greer, Mr. Williams, Mr. Shafer, Mr. Crane, Mr.
Baldwin and Mr. Allen attended. Mr. Greer preached, the
others exhorted. At twelve had an hour's intermission. Assem-
bled at one. Mr. Allen preached, the others exhorted. ( 1 losed
the exercises before four o'clock. It was supposed 1500 were
collected. Xo accident or disturbance happened. * '"" * *
After breakfast Thursday morning came home. Mr. ( 'rane eat
dinner with me. After dinner went to prayer-meeting [Sparta].''
Some dissatisfaction was expressed at the suggestion that Mr.
Allen should preach at the great meeting. He was very youth-
ful looking and a stranger. But as he stood in the doorway he
soon carried the hearts of his great auditory with the earnest,
piercing words he used. They were deeply affected, and from
this time Mr. Allen's reputation as a preacher was established.
Mr. Allen has himself recorded another account of this great
EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF REV. EDWARD ALLEN.
"Sabbath 23d August, 18 IS. This day a Presbyterian
Church was duly organized in Newfoundland. The ordinances
were administered at Brownville in a barn. This was a very sol-
emn dav. The largest audience assembled that I have ever seen
KAKLY CHURCHES. 141
in this region of the country, between 4 and 500. Dr. McDowell
preached from the words, ' And he shall see of the travail of his
soul.' While the ordinances were administered a no. of affec-
ting addresses were made. It was a time of deep solemnity. Mr.
Green preached in the p. \r. from the words, ' And yet there is
room." I trust that the transactions of this day will not soon be
forgotten. Mr. Green and myself rode to Snufftown. I preached
in the evening at Mr. Ford's to a large assembly.
" Tuesday, 25th August, 1818. Had made a promise to at-
tend a great meeting about 20 miles distant — near Decker Town.
This had been appointed by Eev'd Mr. Williams and Mr. Baldwin.
Arrived at Judge Linn's at even.
" Wednesday, 26. In a gig with Judge Linn, rode to Beem-
er Meeting House. Here found five Presbyterian Clergymen
assembled, two of the Baptist order, one Methodist and one Inde-
pendent. At 10 : public worship commenced. The exercises
were opened by Mr. Williams. After an exhortation and prayer,
Mr. Greer, of X. York State, preached a good sermon. He was
succeeded by Mr. Crane, of Sparta. The audience was large and
not half could get into the house. Mr. Shafer, of Newton, com-
menced the exercises with a short prayer. I then preached a ser-
mon, and was followed by exhortations from Mr. Baldwin and
Mr. Shafer. At 1: the meeting was dissolved. In the p. m. we
preached standing in the dooi. It was judged that nearly 2,000
persons were present, but the order and solemnity was as great as
if it had been the Lord's day. Spent the night at Judge Linn's
and had the pleasure of Mr. ( )gden's and Crane's company.
''Thursday, 27th August, continued at Mr. Linn's until p. >r.
At 12 : was informed that Mr. Linn's brother had expired the da}-
before. He was ill but half an hour before he became a corpse —
a solemn providence. Spent the night in Hamburg at Mr.
Udell's, a Methodist. We had much interesting and edifying-
conversation during the evening and retired late.
" Friday, 28th. Continued in Hamburg until 2 o'clock p. &t.,
dined at Mr. Gould's [Elder Johnson X. Gould]. Made arrange-
ments to exchange labours with Br. Baldwin a few days the com-
ing week. Arrived at Pittenger's Tavern at the appointed hour
for meeting, and preached again in the evening at Mr. Young's
to a crowded house, "How will you escape, if ye neglect so great
salvation."' Many were affected and the meeting solemn. One
man desired our prayers.
"Tuesday, 1 September, 1818. Had agreed to exchange
with Br. Baldwin for a few days. Set off for Judge Linn's where
I had an appointment in the p. m. Preached to a crowded house —
142 IIARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
the people gave good attention. Wednesday, 2d September, p. m.,
preached at Gary Meeting House to a full house, the people
were attentive ; returned to Judge Linn's and spent the night.
"Thursday, 3 September, 1818. In the p. m., with Mr.
Linn rode to the place appointed for preaching. Found a crowd-
ed house and spoke to them from these words, " O wicked man
thou shalt surely die." Many appeared affected. I thought
proper to appoint another meeting in the evening. Mr. Teasdale,
a Baptist Clergyman was present and took part in the exercises.
I spent the night with him at Mr. Hammond's.
" Friday, 4 Sept. Arose at an early horn* and rode about a
mile to Mr. Rorick's for breakfast. Was agreeably entertained
with fruits. Came to Mr. Gould's, where I was hospitably enter-
tained. In the r. m. visited a few families. They were willing
to converse and some promised they would endeavor to reform.
One man pleaded inability. In the evening addressed a very
large audience. They were very attentive. I spoke from these
words, ' O Jerusalem, &c, but ye would not.'
" Saturday, 5 Sept. Rose at an early hour, walked 4 miles
to Judge Linn's, took breakfast, and being favored with his horse
and gig I went to Newton and spent a few hours at Br. Shafers.
Returned and in the evening preached at Hamburg in a tavern.
The people attended well. Spoke from the parable of the " Rich
man and Lazarus." Spent the night at Mr. Ryerson's. Convers-
ed with Mrs. R., an intelligent woman, relative to the concerns of
her soul. Retired at a late hour.
" Sabbath, 6 Sept. After the morning duties repaired to the
house of God with raised affections. It pleased the Lord to put
it in the hearts of many persons to assemble together this day. I
felt animated while addressing so many precious souls — was ena-
bled to speak with great freedom. I attempted to expose the
vain excuses of sinners. In the p. m. spoke from the 1st verse of
29th chap, of Proverbs. After this went to Vernon, about six
miles, and preached to a crowded house. Spent the night at Mr.
Winans' tavern. Very agreeable family.
"Monday, 7th. Returned to Newfoundland. Did not meet
Br. Baldwin. Dined at Mr. Ford's. Eve'g. attended the monthly
concert for prayer, we had a very interesting meeting — the house
was crowded with people who were very solemn Conversed witli
Mr. Babbitt who has recently embraced a hope."
One day as Mr. Allen was returning from a meeting an old
gentleman invited him into his house, and said that if the people
would build a meeting house, he would give the land and fifty
dollars. On October 1st, 1818, a meeting- was held in a school
EARLY CHURCHES. 143
house, when the people resolved to build a church, and live Trus-
tees were chosen. Mr. Allen was much engaged in Sunday
Schools, of which there were several large and full. " One girl
recited 1152 verses, and another 800." " Some youth commit 200
verses every week." " Thursday 8 Oct., 1818. Attended Pres-
bytery at Elizabeth Town, and was examined for ordination. Six
young men received License, viz : Crane, Condit, Armstrong,
Babbitt, Osborn, Ford.
" Tuesday 19th, 1818. In the evening preached my trial
sermon for ordination in the session house of the Brick Church,
[New York City] . It was determined that I be ordained at New-
foundland on the 2d Tuesday in Nov. Spent the night with Br.
Cox at the house of Mr. Dodge.
" Sabbath, 24 Oct. This was considered by many as the
most interesting day that was ever witnessed in Newfoundland.
Two additional elders were elected. Thirteen persons were bap-
tized, etc. Strictest attention from a large audience. Dr. Mc-
Dowell preached and considered this as the most solemn day he
ever witnessed. The Lord was evidently in the midst of us. I
trust this was a day long to be remembered.
"Tuesday, 10th Nov., . This day had been ap-
pointed by Presbytery for my ordination as an Evangelist. The
weather was very favorable. Ten of the clergy were present and
seven elders — a very large concourse of people assembled. The
exercises were performed in Capt. Martin Brown's barn. The
Rev. Mr. Williams commenced the exercises. Mr. Condit made
the opening prayer. An admirable sermon was preached by
Samuel Cox, " I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ." Mr.
Fisher made the consecration prayer and delivered the charge,
and Dr. McDowell concluded the exercises by a pertinent address
to the people. All was solemn and affecting. May I never for-
get the solemnities of this day. The vows of God are upon me.
May I ever look to him for assistance to fulfil the duties of my
"Friday. 18 Dec, 1818. Rode through the mountains — ■
came to Bro. Bostedo's, [Methodist Minister] and preached in his
house. Not many attended. About 10 in this place have united
themselves to Mr. B.'s church. Arrived at Newfoundland and
preached in the evening at the house of Maj. Sutton. The atten-
dance was good. Had the pleasure of seeing Bro. Enos A. Os-
born, on his way as a Missionary to Decker Town, to assist the
Rev. Mr. AVilliams. The Lord is reviving his work in that
" Jany. 1st, 1819. The year past my labors owned and blest
144 UABDYSTON MEMORIAL.
of the Lord. A church formed in Newfoundland of 45 mem-
bers. One in Stony Brook of 17 members, and a great Revival in
" Jany. 31st. Twenty-two persons received into the church
at Long Pond.
" In February preached in Post Mile and Amity, where Mr.
Timlow attended, who was about to become their minister. As-
sisted at ordination of Mr. Miller, at Blackrivcr, Chester. Morris
""Thursday, March 11, 1819. Went to Hamburg— had
agreed to spend the day, which had been set apart for fasting,
humiliation and prayer, with Bro. Baldwin. A considerable num-
ber of people assembled. We each made an address. In the
evening I preached from the History of Bartimens. It was very
stormy which prevented many from attending. Staid at Mr.
" Friday, 12 March. Understood that the people in Ham-
burg had issued a subscription with the view of having me to
preach for them one half of the time.
" Saturday, 20th March. Had made arrangements to ex-
change a few days with Bro. Baldwin and accordingly set off for
Franklin Furnace, arrived at Mr. Munson's before night and took
tea. In the evening preached to a crowded house. The atten-
tion of the people was good and solemn. Went to Hamburg to
-Sabbath, 21st March, 1819. A cold day. Those present
were very attentive. In the evening preached at Vernon, 6 miles
from Hamburg, to a very crowded and attentive audience. Spent
the night at Mr. Winans'.
" Monday 22d. Rode passed in the evening to Pochunk and
preached to a thronged assembly. We passed a solemn evening
and a number appeared affected —the Lord blessed the word
" Tuesday, 23d. Came to Hamburg. Called on Mr. Jones
and spent the day with him, his wife a member of the church.
Storm prevented preaching. Became acquainted with Dr. L'Hom-
" Wednesday, 24th. At Judge Linn's. Evening preached
in S. House to a very crowded house. Many obliged to stand.
Solemn meeting. Bro. Baldwin arrived during the service.
" Thursday, 29th March, 1819. Newark— Attended Pres-
bytery — was directed to preach at Hamburg and the North
Church until the next stated meeting of Presbytery, commencing
EARLY CHURCHES. 145
" Friday, 14 May, 1819. Came this day to Hamburg. Had
the pleasure of meeting Brothers Fisher, Williams, Crane and
Baldwin, i*. m. Bro. Fisher preached a sermon suitable to the
occasion, and afterwards constituted the church. AH the clergy
went to Judge Linn's to spend the night.
THE NORTH CHURCH.
NORTH HARDYSTON AND HAMBURG CHURCHES.
The following minute is taken from the Sparta Session
"May 14, 1819. The Session of the First Presbyterian
Church of Hardyston met agreeable to notice at the house of
Thomas Ryerson in Hamburg. Present, John Linn, Johnson
N. Gould, George Buckley. The Rev. Mr. Samuel Fisher,
Bishop of the congregation of Paterson, presided as Moderator.
Opened with prayer. Forty-nine [whose names are given else-
where] applied for dismission from this church to join the North
Church in Hardyston. Whereupon it was resolved that the ap-
plication be granted and that the several persons named be dis-
missed agreeable to their request.
NORTH HARDY8TON AND HAMBURG CHURCHES. 147
" 1, Johnson N. Gould; 2, Elizabeth Gould; o, Martha
Reeve; -i, Mrs. Jane Jones, w. of Thomas; 5, Nancy Silsby; 6,
Jane Wood ; 7, Priscilla Vibbert, w. of William ; 8, Hannah
Campbell, w. of John ; 9, Jnlia Kimball ; 10, John T. Perry ; 11,
Jane Perry ; 12, Mary Edsall, and 13, Mary VanVliet, applied
for dismission to join the church in Hamburg ; whereupon it was
resolved that their application be granted and that the several per-
sons named be dismissed at their request.
" The session then closed with -prayer."
FROM MINUTES OF SESSION.
North Church of Hardy ston, May 15th, 1819, 3 o'clock, p. m.
" The persons whose names are underwritten, members of the
Presbyterian congregation worshipping, in this place, being de-
sirous of enjoying christian fellowship and the special ordinances
of the church of Christ, met at their usual place of worship and
opened their meeting by prayer to God for his guidance and
" The liev'd Samuel Fisher, being present, was chosen Mod-
erator and John Linn Clerk.
" After having produced satisfactory testimonials of their
having been admitted members of the Presbyterian Church, and
of their dismission from the churches to which they respectively
belonged, they unanimously adopted the following constitution,
I. That we do this day, humbly trusting in the grace of
the great Shepherd and Bishop of Souls, cordially unite together
as a Christian Church, under the name and style of the North
Presbyterian Church of Hardyston.
II. That we do sincerely receive and adopt the confession
of Faith of the Presbyterian Church and do approve of the gov-
ernment and discipline of the same, as exercised in these United
III. That we do sincerely engage to walk together in Chris-
tian fellowship and love ; tenderly and carefully watching over
one another in the Lord.
IV. That we do solemnly engage to submit to the discipline
of this church, when administered according to the rules of Christ,
as long as we continue members of the same.
" The communicants of the church then chose John Linn
and George Buckley Elders, and Mr. Linn Deacon. These per-
sons having been already ordained to these offices were not
reordained. Eleven additions were received upon profession.
14b 1IAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
The loss of the records prevent us from knowing what oth-
ers beside the thirteen named were received by letter from other
churches or by profession of faith into the Hamburg Church when
constituted. By direction of Presbytery Mr. Allen came at the
end of the month to assume charge of the cliurches. We may
again take up his diary which furnishes the best history of his
"Thursday, May 27, 1819 Thus have 1 spent one year and
one month in preachiug the gospel in Newfoundland. The Lord
be praised. lie has done great things for the people in^this des-
titute region. Three churches have been established — containing
45 in one, 35 in another, and 21 in the third ; the foundations laid
for three meeting houses. This year has proved the most happy
of my life. The Lord go with me to that people among whom for
a few months I expect to labor.
" Friday, 28th, spent the former part of the day in making
preparations for removing to Hamburg.
" Saturday, 29th, came to Hamburg. Stayed at Mr. Johnson
" Sabbath, 30th, 1819. A cloudy day and appearance of
ram. Preached at the meeting house one sermon. The audience
was respectable, but 1 felt cold and dull, and fear the sermon was
not much felt. Dined at Mr. Itycrson's. Messrs. Ford and Bruer,
lawyers, were present. In the r. m. rode to Vernon and preach-
ed at the school house. The audience was not large but atten-
tive ; ' Behold 1 stand at the door and knock, etc' Spent the
night at Mr. Winans'. Next day I visited the school in Vernon
and exhorted the children to remember their Creator in the days
of their youth. In the i\ At., in company with Mr. Winans, went
to Pochunk and heard Mr. Vreeland, a Methodist, preach. Went
to Mr. P. Kyerson's where i spent the night.
" Tuesday, 1st June. Attended the funeral of Mr. B
once a professor of religion but had grieviously apostatized and
-died from intemperance. He is gone to render up his account.
In the afternoon 1 preached at the school house near Mr. Pyer-
son's. Conversed with a young man who was a little serious.
" Friday 4th. Visited the school near Judge Linn's. After
examining the pupils, addressed them on seeking the Kingdom
of Heaven, p. m., Visited a number of families. Found Mr.
Tattle and wife at the Big Spring. Serious impressions. Had
an interesting interview with them, and particularly with two
men who were laboring at his house. One was niuch'affected and
NORTH HAKDYSTON AND HAMBLKG CHURCHES. 11^
thought he would, without delay, seek the one tiling needfuL
The other, his appi'entice, appeared somewhat impressed, said he
had forsaken many of his evil practices, but he feared the scoffs
and sneers of his young companions. At the next house found.
Mr. Kimble and his wife both professors of religion. He had
been in much distress and lost his hope, but was in a more com-
fortable state of mind. Addressed a .young woman here who was
careless, but promised to forsake her evil ways and think of her
eternal concerns. Hopkins family — The man did not seem very
happy to see me, but invited me to go into his house. His wife
Avas somewhat serious. Came to Mr. English's, was detained by
a shower all night. I saw him the next morning. Called at the
Hopkins', found Mrs. II. serious and had a conversation with her.
Spent an hour in the family of Mr. Smith. His case was pecu-
liarly interesting. A native of Ireland, he had been a professor
of religion and thought he enjoyed its comforts. He appeared
penitent and wept much. I exhorted him to return unto the
Lord who would heal his backsliding.
" Sabbath, Oth June, North Church. Endeavored to sup-
plicate a throne of grace that the Lord would this day own and
bless my feeble labors. Repaired to the courts of the Lord and
found a large assembly convened. Had much freedom in address-
ing immortal souls. 'Behold I lay in Zion, etc'. In the p. >i.
4 Parable of the Supper.' The attention was good. Baptised four
children. Attended sabbath school at the Stone S. House. Heard
the Bible class.
" Monday T. In the r. m. attended the monthly concert of
prayer, at the meeting house. A goodly number of people at-
tended. Conversed with some persons on the subject of religion
immediately after service.
" Tuesday, June 8, my birthday. So teach me Lord to num-
ber my days, etc. With Judge Linn rode to Newton, to attend
the County Bible Society, was appointed a director, may I dis-
charge my duties with fidelity. Wednesday, Bro. Enos Osborn,
laboring at Deckertown, called on me and spent the day. We
examined the points on which he expected next week to be exam-
ined by Presbytery for ordination.
" Thursday, p. m., preached at the school house [New Pros-
pect] near Mr. Givans, to a full and interesting house. Spent the-
night at Esq. Buckley's, an Elder.
"Friday 11. Visited Mr. Givens' family. Conversed with
the old gentleman on many points. He is indulging a hope.
Also with two young women — both seriously impressed. One
trusted she had found a hope in the Lord Jesus. Visited another
150 IIAK])Y>Tt)X MEMORIAL.
family — woman unconcerned. Urged the necessity of seeking an
interest in the Savior. She appeared pleased with my visit and
desired me to call again. Left a message for a young woman who
had hid herself at my coining. Visited Mr. Buckley's — Found
Mrs. B. and a young woman under exercise of mind. ( 'ailed on
her mother-in-law, a pious old lady. Dined at Israel Munson's
and conversed with him and his wife. Visited Mrs. Wade.
Preached at school house near the Franklin Furnace. The house
was filled with attentive hearers."
These extracts exhibit something of Mr. Allen's life and the
style of his labors. He was an earnest preacher and faithful
pastor. Those whom he visited and conversed with were mostly
all in due time brought to Christ, many of them by his faithful
lie labored here for nearly two years, during which time 28
members were received into the North Church, and a goodly
number into the Hamburg Church. lie went to Deckertown and
the Clove, and met with wonderful success, and especially in his
labors at Beemerville.
The following is from the diary <>f Robert Ogden :
''Saturday, October 23d, 1 824— Went to Decker Town.
Lodged at Mr. Allen's.
"'Sabbath 24th — Attended the communion at the new meet-
ing-house below the mountain in Wantage [Beemerville | under
the pastoral care of Mr. Edward Allen. A powerful and extensive
revival of religion has taken place in that congregation, and the
congregation of the Clove and of Decker Town, now united under
the care of Mr. Allen. Over one hundred and twenty-two mem-
bers were received into the church, of whom more than fifty were
baptised. Mr. Job Foster Ilalsey, a licentiate from the Seminary
at Princeton, was there and assisted Mr. Allen in the administra-
tion of the ordinance. The house, though large, was crowded to
overflowing. The exercises of the day were solemn, impressive,
edifying, and consoling, and in the highest degree alarming to the
impenitent. O my God, let not the operations of thy Spirit be
suspended, but may they still be visible among that people and
also be extended to this barren corner of Thy vineyard."
Mr. Allen was for nine years in charge of the Wantage
Church. His field extended fifteen miles east and west, and from
six to eight miles north and south. Failing health compelled him
to suspend his labors for a time, but lie resumed them later at
NORTH HARDYSTON AM) HAMBURG CHURCHES. 151
Milford, Pa. When the Second Church of Wantage was organ-
ized, in 1834, lie preached there two years, and then returned
to Milford for two years, lie had charge at different times of
five other churches in Pennsylvania, to all of which he came in
their weakness and left them greatly strengthened and enlarged.
As many as ten church buildings owe their erection to his endeav-
ors, lie died August 1st, 1877, aged eighty-five years. His first
wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Elder John Linn, of Harmony
Yale, whom he married while minister here. His second wife
was the AVidow Louisa T. Richardson, of Harford, Pa.
The following is an extract from North Church Sessional
"'■ Near the close of the year 1S20 the Rev. Edward Allen,
after laboring among us as a Missionary a year and a half, accepted
a call from the Presbyterian ( 'hurch and congregation of Wan-
tage, X. .1."
" During the winter of IScil the congregation were convened
according to notice; when they voted to give Rev'd Burr Bald-
win a call to preach for them, either as Pastor or stated supply,
under an engagement to preach one-half his time at the North
( 'hurch and at Hamburg ; and the remainder of his time at Erank-
This invitation was accepted by Mr. Baldwin, and he entered
upon his duties as a stated supply, having been ordained since his
former service here. It is a matter of regret that we know so
little of this good man's labors while for three years our two
churches were in his charge. During his pastorate twenty-one
were added to the membership of the North Church.
We had no communion set of our own. The one belonging
to the Sparta Church, given by Robert Ogden, had been some-
times used here. It was proposed that all the farmers' wives
should make a contribution of butter, and as many as possible
phould send a tub. This butter was forwarded to New York for
sale, and with the proceeds was purchased the communion set^
which is still in use.
Rev. Nathaniel Conkt.ino succeeded Mr. Baldwin in June,.
1 824, and was here nearly four years, during which time there
were thirty-nine additions to the church. Except from the Ses-
sion book little information remains respecting his ministrations,
1T>2 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
but we may judge from these records that he was a useful man
and faithful to his calling.
He was ordained as an Evangelist by the Presbytery of .New-
ton, November 19th, 1S23, preached in Indiana and Illinois,
labored in Pennsylvania, and died at Tyrone City, Pa., about
186G. Rev Nathaniel W. Conkling, I). P., of Xew York city,
is his son.
MINISTRY OF DR. 1 AI K< II 1 I.I > AM) MR. CAMPBELL.
In September, 182t>, began the ministry of Elias Riggs
FairchilDj who served the church exclusively for nine years, with
the exception of nearly twelve months, when the state of his
health required rest, and Rev. Stephen Thomson supplied his
"When the North Church was burned the congregation was
greatly disheartened. The session gathered around the smoking
ruins, and the question was asked, what shall Ave do now ? Amid
the tears of the old Elders, Dr.Fairchild answered, we must build
again. Dr. Fowler headed a subscription list with $100, and
others came forward liberally. Dr. Fairchild circulated the sub-
scription paper at home and in other places. Stated worship was
held under the trees in the orchard, as long as the weather per-
mitted. The new house was dedicated on Friday, May Oth, 1831,
fourteen months after the fire. Rev. Peter Kanouse preached on
the occasion from Isaiah, 54:2. Rev. Mr. Allen was pre-
sent and participated in the exercise-;, which were solemn and
The attendance at the new church was soon greatly increased.
In the fall and early winter of this year the work of God's Spirit
was manifested, and sixty united with the church during 1831.
The following sessional record is made November 26th, 1832:
u In the early part of September the special influences of the
Holy Spirit were shed forth on different sections of the church.
The members soon manifested a deeper interest in the tilings of
154 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
religion, and many of the unbelieving community were converted
to God." Sixty-seven were received into the church this year..
In 1 833 there were but five additions, while in 1834 twenty-
six are recorded. None were received in 1835, and seventeen
were added in 1836.
A woman's prayer meeting was held on week day afternoons
at the different houses. The ladies met for co-operative work, in
sewing and making garments for the poor, and their tract society
carried the gospel message once a month to every house. Thus
the woman's societies, now so universal, were all anticipated in
Our female organization, which was in active service a half cen-
" Neighborhood prayer meetings " were held in every part
of the congregation. The young men would walk long distances,
often after a hard day's work upon the farm, and take their part
in prayer, and if required conduct the meetings. From eight and
ten miles distant the people drove to the North Church. "When
there was much religious interest the church was overcrowded
and benches were kept to be placed in the aisles. Mr. Fairchild
preached and lectured night after night, gaining the solemn and
fixed attention of his hearers. He had power in almost compell-
ing careless families to come to the house of worship, and when
they became hearers for a time, they were soon brought to an
Caleb Fairchild settled at Whippany, Morris County, N. '1.,
about 1735. Ezra Fairchild, his son, married Prisilla Burt, and
removed to Mendham, in 1702. He was in Washington's army,
and died of small pox, contracted while the army lay near Mor-
ristown. He had four daughters and two sons. Ebenezer was the
youngest child, born January 18th, 1770, married Phebe Vance
in 1797, and died July, 1869, in his ninety-fourth year. He had
been a Ruling Elder in the 1st Presbyterian Church of Mendham
for seventy years. His wife attained almost as great an age as
himself. They were both marked by great simplicity of charac-
ter and earnestness in christian life. They had two sons, Ezra,
a successful teacher and principal of an Academical school for
many years, and Elias Riggs.
MINISTRY OF DR. FAIRCHILD AM) MR. CAMPBELL. 155
Elias Riggs Fairchild, D. D., was born near Mendham,
N. J., August 17th, 1801. His boyhood was spent upon his
father's farm. Resolving to prepare for the ministry, lie secured
a classical education, graduated at a New England College, and at
Auburn Theological Seminary in 1S27. He was soon after
licensed and did missionary service in Western New York. Some
of his sermons were prepared with great care, yet he had remark-
able facility in speaking, and some of his happiest efforts were
made upon the emergency. At times he rose to eloquence and
his appeals were most touching. He sought to reach the hearts
of his hearers, and the love of Christ was his constant theme.
Vet lie did not fail to persuade men by the terrors of the Lord.
lie was three times called to the church of Montgomery,
X. Y., and as many times installed its pastor. He served as Sec-
retary of the American Home Missionary Societ} r , and afterwards
of the American and Foreign Christian Union. These positions
required severe labor, and the exercise of much courage and faith,
but under his management both of these organizations prospered
and sent out many young men.
He was eminent in building up feeble churches. It was his
habit to go to a weak congregation and devote himself to it for a
tew years. Large revivals usually followed, and under his prac-
tical suggestions, debts would be paid, and the salary raised for a
new minister. lie would then consider his work complete in
that field and go to another.
After a painful illness he died at Morristowu April 22d,
1878, in joyful contidence of entering the rest which remaineth
for the people of God, and his grave is at Mendham. His funeral
was largely attended and devout men carried him to his burial.
Representatives were present from many churches for whom he
had labored, and to whom he had been a blessing.
He has written an autobiography, intended only for the
perusal of his most intimate friends, but I have been permitted to
copy, for insertion, that portion of it which includes his ministry
narrative ok labors at north iiardyston church.
- In July, 18-20, a delegate from the North. Church of liar-
L50 HAKt)YSTON MEMORIAL.
dyston, in Sussex County, X. J., (Mr. Andrew Linn, one of the
elders of the church,) called on me in Mendham, JS\ J., to lay
before me the claims of the church and vicinity, which he repre-
sented, and to engage my services there if the way was clear for
"Mr. Linn returned to his place and under date of August
5th, 1829, at a meeting of the congregation of North llardyston
and Hamburg, a paper was adopted, expressive of the desire of
the congregations for my services among them, in the gospel min-
istry, with the understanding that public preaching be held on the
Sabbath days, in the churches alternately. After maturely con-
sidering the call to this field of labor, its claims grew upon me
and drew me toward it with unusual force. It was a rural con-
gregation, extending iii length froni ten to twelve miles, (from
Lafayette to Vernon) and in width six to seven miles, (from
Ogdensburg to limits of the Baptist Church, near Deckertown).
There were but 30 names on the church roll of members, and but
a small sum could be raised for the annual support of the minister.
I early signified that I would come to them if Providence should
permit, about the middle of the month of August.
"I succeeded in arranging my affairs so as to keep my ap-
pointment. Mrs. Fairchild accompanied me. We were very cor-
dially received into the family of Mr. .Joseph Linn, and made
onr home in his house about nine months. The following May
we removed to the parsonage, near the church, which the congre-
gation had purchased.
" Religious services were maintained in each of the churches
alternately on Sundays. In a short time several stations for
preaching were established outside of the church edifices. Sab-
bath Schools, Bible classes, and meetings for prayer, were in time
set up and maintained at various points, with manifest good re-
sults. In March, 1830, the congregation of the North Church
sustained a great shock from the burning of their church edifice.
It was scarcely finished. It was not insured. The loss was there-
fore absolute and total. To the friends of the church it was a
previous affliction ; and over-cast them all with sadness, intensified
by the impression that the fire was the work of an incendiary.
But this sad event was made the occasion of good. A deeper
interest in church affairs was by it awakened, and a resolution to
build another and better house was quickly entertained. Event-
ually subscriptions were opened for funds to supply the loss.
Suitable persons were appointed to canvass the territory and see
what could be obtained of cash, labor, or materials. When
this work was fairly and encouragingly underway. I repaired
MINISTRY OF DR. FA1BCHILD AND MR. CAMPBELL. 157
to Newark, Elizabethtown and various places in Somerset
and Morris counties, New Jersey, and solicited funds. I also
visited some parts of Pennsylvania for the same object. At Mil-
ford very handsome contributions in lumber were made. The
offerings of k the people of the parish, and the contributions of
friends outside of it, completed the work, and when the house
was dedicated it was wholly paid for.
" When the new stone church was completed the people con-
sented to make it the central point for worship every Sabbath
morning. Afternoon and evening services, Sundays and week
days, were held at Hamburg and in the different neighborhoods.
One organized Presbyterian Church, and one board of Elders only
existed in the territory, and all church members were members of
the North Church of Hardyston.
" In seasons of revivals, the members were always ready to
cooperate with me in visiting from house to house, and conversing
with the anxious in the' inquiry room, and in any other service
which they could render Several remarkable revivals o( religion
were enjo}'ed. On one of these occasions almost every part of the
territory seemed more or less affected, and the people were anx-
ious to attend religious meetings. ( )beying the Providential indi-
cations services were opened in the church edifice, and continued
daily and nightly for considerable time. As one of the results
about one hundred persons professed conversion to Christ ; and
at a communion service, which included two Sabbaths consecu-
tively, seventy-five were admitted to membership. Some of the
converts sought connection with Baptist and Methodist Churches
in the neighborhood. Other seasons of special interest in religion
were enjoyed where-iu numbers were converted and added to the
church ; but they were of more limited extent. By the Lord's
blessing a valuable church and congregation grew up on that ground,
having in 1838 a good church edifice of stone, a parsonage with
barn and other outbuildings, and several acres of plow and meadow
and wood land. There was a communion list of a little more than
two hundred (200) members, of these about 150 had been added
by profession. My closing services at the North ( !lrarch were
held Sunday, May loth, 1838. In that week I went to Mont-
gomery, N. Y.
Rev. Joel Campbell came from Ilonesdale, Penn., and
took charge of the North Church May, 1838. His ministry was
a long one, continuing unbroken for eighteen years, when he
purchased a farm in western Pennsylvania, to which he removed.
On account of sickness he came back after six months, and en-
!.'•> HAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
gaged to supply the congregation for a short time. He was in-
strumental in organizing the Presbyterian Church of Layafette,
a number of whose early members went from us by certificates.
\\ hen Mr. Campbell, came the church had reached its greatest
advance in numbers and strength. The corrected roll showed a
membership of two hundred, earnest, intelligent christians, and
well Organized for christian work. The parsonage house was in
good repair, with fourteen acres of land attached. The salary of
$450 was paid every year, although with some delays. Mr.
I ampbell purchased additional land to the amount of twenty
acres, and after a time built a new house on his own ground, now
the residence of Elder S. O. Price, and rented out the church par-
In entering upon his labors lie followed Mr. Faircliild in his
appointments, but left out the more remote stations. I do not
think lie went at all to Vernon, where at one time there were so
many Presbyterian families that efforts were made toward build-
ing a Presbyterian Church in the village. The enterprise fell
through, and the people went to Amity, or united with the Vernon
Methodist Church, which was formed in 1837. Some of the
Vernon members long continued their names upon our roll.
Mr. ( 'ampbell usually preached three times on the Sabbath,
but had not the physical ability to hold fom- or five other meet-
ing.- through the week, as some of his predecessors had done. He
won the affection of the children, and was considered peculiarly
happy in his addresses upon funeral occasions. Two revivals of
religion took place under his ministry. One in lS-i'2, when thirty-
six were received into the church. The work commenced in the
?uinmer, and reached its greatest power in September and Octo-
ber. Rev. Mr. Allen and Mr. Conklin assisted in the extra servi-
ces which were held. The word came with great power, and on
several occasions the evening exercises in the church were accom-
panied by weeping throughout the house. An inquiry meeting be-
fore evening service was held at the parsonage, to which many of
the young would resort in distress of mind, and to obtain spiritual
direction. The scenes of Mr. Fairchild's day were repeated, and
the little parlor became again the hallowed spot where souls en-
MIMSTKY OF l>K. FAIRCIIILD AM) Ml;. CAMPBELL. 150
tercd the kingdom of God. The 1st of January, 184^, was a
memorable day, when twenty-six stocd up to profess their faith
in Christ, and to come for the first time to the Lord's table. There
was one man of sixty-five years, but most were young and more
than half were under twenty. Mr. ( 'ampbell was very tender and
judicious in dealing with awakened consciences.
The second revival occurred in 1850. Early in the fall
special meetings were held at the church in which Mr. Campbell
was assisted by a young evangelist, who went freely in and out
among the seats speaking with those in attendance. The singing
of familiar hymns had much influence in arresting attention and
carrying the truth home to the heart. This revival was not as
widespread and remarkable as the previous one, and yet through
it twenty-four were gathered into the church.
An annual donation party for the minister's benefit was given
at the parsonage. Few gifts were in money, and they were more
commonly of farm products, useful in the household. The farm-
ers brought oats, wheat and rye ; their wives linen and woolen
yarn, and the merchants contributed sugar, coffee and tea. The
married people came in the afternoon, and the " young folks''
in the evening. < )ne winter the young men of Franklin presented
Mr. Campbell with a handsome broad cloth cloak, which he wore
for many years afterwards.
Mr. Campbell took charge of the Lafayette Church, and con-
tinued its pastor until the Rev. Jetho B. Woodward was installed
by Newton Presbytery, lie purchased a house in Lafayette vil-
lage to which he removed, making it his home until his death,
May 15th, 1872, in his seventy-sixth year. He was buried in
North Church Cemetery in a lot donated for that purpose by the
Trustees. His wife, son, daughter and son-in-law are buried in
the same plot. His daughter, Amanda, became the wife of David
Hopkins Kimble. His son, Joel, began to study for the ministry,
and was for a time a student in Princeton ( 'ollege, but soon
changed his purpose, serving in the' army during apart of the war
of the rebellion.
(Ill KCIl HISTORY CONTINUED.
Rev. David C. Meeker came to the North Church April
1st, 1S57. He had been preaching at Deerfield, X. J., and at
Darby, near Philadelphia. The matter was under discussion
whether to repair or rebuild the parsonage. Mr. Meeker was so
urgent for the new house that the congregation decided to build
if the means could be raised. A subscription paper was prepared
and placed in the hands of my aunt, the widow T. .V. Austin.
Her perseverance and activity secured the amount, and the new
building soon arose not far from the old site, and is the present
parsonage of the congregation. The old one, which has the date
of 17sS on the chimney, Mas remodeled, and has since been the
home of the sexton.
Daring the year 1858 much religious feeling existed in the
congregation, and a few extra meetings were held. These closed
abruptly after two weeks continuance, and the result was the in-
gathering of sixteen souls. The total addition during Mr. Meek-
«er's ministry was nineteen.
He left the church in August, 1859, and returned to Darby,
Pa., where he died a few years later.
The Rev. Goodloe Bowman Pell is the only survivor of the
former ministers of the North Hardyston Church, and is now
pas tor of the Presbyterian Church, of Amenia, IV. Y.
CHURCH HISTORY CONTINUED. L6I
He was the son of the late Hon. Samuel and Louisa Bell, and
was born at Reading, Pa., dune 14th, 1832. After graduating - at
Yale College in 1852, lie made an extended tour in Europe, and
on his return entered the Union Theological Seminary in New
York City, where lie graduated in 1850. He was ordained by the
Fourth Presbytery of Philadelphia at Norristown, Pa., in Octo-
ber, 1S59, and immediately after took charge of the North Church.
He married Annie Augustine Austin, the only daughter of Mrs.
T. A. Austin and neice of Daniel Haines, who died at Amcnia in
Soon after Mr. Bell's advent extensive repairs were made
upon the church building. The roof was slated, and the whole
interior changed. The pulpit which formerly stood between the
doors was placed on the opposite side, and the seats reversed.
The alterations made transformed the house into a neat and com-
modious place of worship. The attendance upon the services in-
creased largely when the church was reopened, and new members
The civil war came with its excitements and occupied much
of the thoughts of the community. Soldiers were recruited, and
many of the young men volunteered. Three companies were
chiefly raised from within the bounds of the congregation, besides
individuals who joined other military organizations. The ladies
formed a soldier's relief society, and made lint and garments, and
knit stockings for their friends in camp, in all this patriotic
work Mr. Pell heartily sympathized and co-operated. His own
brother, Captain Bowman Bell, fell in battle.
Mr. Bell writes, " The North Church was up to the highest
standard of patriotism, and freely gave ' its boys' to save our coun-
try. When 1 went to Hardyston inlS59 the first to welcome me
was Thomas P. Haines. The last service 1 rendered as pastor
was to officiate at his funeral ; he had fallen upon the battle field
in Virginia, and was buried October, 1864, and the entire com-
munity were mourners."
Sunday evening services were held at Franklin Furnace
where the school house was often crowded. < )ther stations were
visited in their turn on Sabbath afternoons. Mr. Bell was an ex-
162 UAliHYSTOS MEMORIAL.
cellent musician, and often led the singing, which formed an at-
tractive part of the exercises. The whole number added to the
membership during his five years term of service was seventeen,
lie was called to Hope ( 'Impel, a mission enterprise of the Brick
( 'liurch of New York, and resigned his charge here October 1st,
1 s 'i4, and removed to the city.
My own ministry in Ilardyston began at the close of my
connection with the army. After three years service as Chap-
lain of the 15th Regiment, X. J. Volunteers, I visited my home
and was asked to preach the first Sabbath of July, 1865. Before
service a paper was given me with thirty signatures representing
the families of the congregation. This was a call inviting me to
become their pastor, and stating that it was the unanimous wish
of the people that I should settle among them. A few days later
I. signified my acceptance of this invitation, and have continued
here ever since. The only breaks in this relation were one of nine
months, when I went to Palestine in the service of the American
Palestine Exploration Society in L8T3, and another when I re-
ceived a second leave of absence from my church for six months
in 1876 to visit and make explorations in the Sinai Desert.
1 was never installed here by action of Presbytery, but with-
out the ceremony of an installation I have been just as much the
pastor, and the congregation my people. This relation has been
preserved when all the churches in the counties of Warren and
Sussex, with a single exception, have changed their ministers, and
after very short pastorates.
The membership of the church in 1865 was by the roll of
Mr. Bell thirty-eight. To say that the church was feeble does
not fully describe it. A former pastor said, " It was weakness
itself." The attendance at the church, excepting upon funeral
occasions, had been reduced to a mere handful. One Sunday
School was held at Franklin Furnace with about forty scholars.
There was no prayer meeting or weekly lecture, and but one ad-
dition had been made to the membership for over three years.
There were two elders, my father, Daniel Haines, who was mostly
a resident of Newark, where he held his courts, and .lames Oon-
gleton, eighty-five years old. I had therefore to walk by faith and
CHURCH HISTORY CONTINUED. 10-1
not by sight when J declined other invitations and determined to
remain in my native place.
We began with service every Sabbath morning at the North
Church, and preaching every Sabbath evening in the old school
house at Franklin. On Sabbath afternoons I preached in the
school houses at Harmony Vale, at New Prospect and Monroe-
Corners. Our progress was very slow. AYe reported to Presbytery
forty members in the spring of 1800, forty-two in 1807. and sixty-
seven in 1808.
In the fall of 1807 and the winter following there was
special concern for eternal things in the North Church Sunday
School, and several boys and young men were converted. We
soon began' extra services, with meetings for inquirers at Mr.
Price's house. Quite a number came to these inquiry meetings,
some of whom became hopefully pious. The work promised to
become more general, yet did not attain the dimensions expected.
Still the year 1868 was one of blessing, and in L869 we reported
a membership of seventy-three, having almost doubled onr num-
bers in three years.
In the fall of 1870 the presence of the Holy Spirit was ver\
marked. Much prayer prevailed, the meetings were well attended,
and throughout the congregation there was great tenderness of
feeling. I invited the Rev. Almon Underwood to assist me \'<>v a
fortnight. Conversions took place at Hamburg; the North < 'hureh.
and at Franklin, and in the neighborhoods where we held cottage
meetings, and the school house appointments. In the spring oi
1 S71 the membership was 98, with the addition of thirty-one re-
ceived the year previous. This was the largest increase for more
than thirty years.
By 1877 we had attained the number of 117 : having in
eleven years trebled our membership. From this time we began
to suffer by deaths and removals, and the strength of the church
was greatly diminished. We continued to receive additions bul
these were outnumbered by our losses. In 1881 we were reduced
as low as SI members. In 1882 we had but 85; in LSSS, Ui,
and in 1884, 99.
Until the summer of 1883 I had not been confined t«. r.lic
1(>4 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
house by sickness for many years; then I was laid aside from
parish duties for more than a month. The following summer, not
being in good health, I went to the sea shore in hope of benefit,
and was taken seriously ill at Berlin, Maryland, the place of my
first settlement in the ministry. Although enabled to return
home after a few weeks, it was long before my strength was
regained. While laid aside, the services of the Sabbath were sus-
tained by the Elders and church members.
At the communion service in November, 18S4, three were
added by profession. Some seriousness was shown, and as much
as my strength allowed, I held extra prayer meetings in private
houses. The attendance was small at first, but after a few conver-
sions had taken place the numbers increased until our rooms were
crowded. A memorable meeting was held one evening in the
house then occupied by Theodore Talmadge, whose wife was
dying witli consumption. There was no special indication of feel-
ing until near the close of the meeting, when the presence of the
Holy Spirit, was manifest. Tears and sobs filled theroom as one
young person after another asked our prayers, or declared the
inten tion of accepting Christ. The house was afterwards burned,
but the memory of the meeting has not yet passed away.
Another prayer meeting was held in my own house, when twenty
arose to say they had found Jesus precious to their souls. When
we held the spring communion a large number at Hamburg were
received into the church.
Much seriousness prevailed in the -North Church part of the
congregation. Several who attended meetings at Monroe Corners,
professed conversion there, but came back to unite with their own
church. We had no help from other ministers, and "my strength
and powers were limited, but Cod showed us that we were more-
dependent for success upon him than any ability of our own.
At the spring meeting of Presbytery, 1SS5, we reported an
accession during the year of forty-two upon profession of faith,
and ten by letter, making the total membership 142. In 1880
we reported fifteen added upon profession; and in 1S8T, twelve
accessions, the entire membership being 162, the greatest number
for more than forty years.
CHURCH HISTORY CONTINUED. 165
As in the winter of 1870 and 1871, so at this time, simulta-
neously with our own church's quickening, was there a season of
awakening at Pudeville, when numbers were reclaimed from a
careless, worldly life.
In 18G5 there was but one Sunday School, held at Franklin,
in a room over the store house, with forty scholars. The North
Church Sunday School, instituted in 1818, had been suspended.
We re-opened it, at first with few present, but the second and
third year it grew to be the largest ever held within our congrega-
tion, the average attendance for the season being ninety scholars
and teachers. It was held before morning service, and often the
house of worship would be well filled with the school. As before
noticed some of our earliest conversions were among the scholars.
The Sunday School at Franklin enlarged and was transferred to
the school house, and afterwards to the church, where it became
almost as large as the one at the North Church.
We organized Sunday Schools at Harmony Yale and New
Prospect, which were maintained several summers with full num-
bers, but were closed in the winter. The wants of the population
upon the Hamburg Mountain were brought to our notice, and a
Sabbath School was opened in a log house. This led to the build-
ing of the Log Chapel, and the maintenance of a Sunday school
for several years. The school has had as many as eighty schol-
ars, and its influence for good is still felt in that mountain com-
munity. We succeeded in having a common school district set
off to give the children the opportunity of instruction. Itev.
Nathaniel Petti t was the County School Superintendent ; we
secured his interest in the enterprise, and he appointed Patrick
McManus its first teacher. A large number of children and youth
who were growing up in ignorance, learned to read, and were
taught the principles of religion. This Sunday School was for
several years mainly sustained through the efforts of an Elder,
who with great fidelity continued to go there at all seasons.
When our five Sunday schools were in full prosperity we had
two hundred and fifty scholars ; the yearly gatherings at the North
Church to celebrate our anniversary brought them all together,
and we often gave dinner under the trees to five hundred per-
166 IIAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
sons, old and young. Thanksgiving evening was another occasion
when the old church would be filled with boys and girls.
The Sunday School at. Hamburg, in the new Presbyterian
Church, was organized the first Sabbath in December, 1869, and
has since continued without intermission. It drew somewhat
from the North Church, but the majority of its scholars first
AVe may speak of some of the enterprises successfully carried
out by our congregation. Very early attention was directed to
the old graveyard. It was overgrown with briars, and had be-
come like the churchyard of Stoke Pogis, a neglected spot. Ad-
ditional land was purchased to the extent of one acre and a tenth,
which was enclosed with the old part by a wall, and laid out in
lots. Their sale has covered all the expenses incurred in the pur-
chase, grading and planting the cemetery with evergreen trees.
In sixteen years the new ground was so fully occupied as to make
a futher enlargement necessary.. Four more acres were bought in
1885, and the ground is in process of preparation, with some of
the lots already occupied. The death of Benjamin Northrop oc-
curred in 1774, as inscribed upon his tombstone, and this spot was
set apart and \\m><1 as a burial place as early as that year if not be-
The crowded audiences at the Franklin school house seemed
to demand better accommodations there. The new owners of the
furnace and mines were spending much money, and expressed
their purpose of making the place a great manufacturing town.
At first we intended to erect a very modest chapel in propor-
tion to our means. After a while a lease was effected upon the
stone church for ten years. This belonged to the " First Particu-
lar Baptist Society of Franklin," whose membership was greatly
reduced by removals and deaths. The walls were very substantial,
but the wooden parts of the structure were much out of repair.
AVe expended one thousand dollars in renovating the church, and
it was opened for service in the fall of 1867. The services were
well attended, and we soon gathered a membership of thirty. The
frequent changes among the workmen in the mines and furnace
sent away many religious men and their families, and other influ-
CHURCH HISTORY CONTINUED. 16T
ences prevented the growth of a permanent and strong organiza-
tion. In the spring of 1875 by the vote of the congregation at
their annual meeting, and by the order of the Session, our servi-
ces at Franklin were suspended, and we ceased to have stated
preaching at the church.
Many of our families at Hamburg found it difficult to attend
the North Church, and others could not do so at all. The matter
of having Sabbath services here was under consideration in the
summer of 1869. One day Mr. Samuel Beardslee said to me,
" We ought to have a church of our own at Hamburg, and one
man has promised to give $250, if others will contribute the rest."
The same evening I saw the person mentioned, and he introduced
the subject of a new church. I said, " If you will secure $1,000
we will put up a chapel.'* In three or four days he called to say
he had that amount subscribed. The subscribers met and ap-
pointed a committee to secure a site and begin the erection of a
building. Two different lots were offered us, one adjoining the
Hamburg school house, and one on the high ground toward Ilar-
dystonville. We finally compromised and chose a location mid-
way between the two, where land was given on the corner of the
Turnpike and Kudeville roads. Here formerly stood the school
house, with two chimneys, in which religious services were held in
earlier days. Ground was broken September, 1860, and forty-
two days after laying the first stone the entire stone work,
designed to be put up at that time, was laid. The other
work went on rapidly, and we opened for worship a part of the
house, and held a service the first Sabbath afternoon of Decem-
ber, 1869, having expended $2,200. The largest contributor was
Daniel Haines, and the next Judge William E. Skinner. Much
of the success in carrying out this enterprise was due to Samuel
A. Beardslee. A number of others contributed largely, so that
we had no difficulty in paying off the indebtedness incurred..
The Sunday School was large from the beginning, tBie con*
gregations fair for our numbers in the village, and w* received!
accessions at the different communion seasons. Among our male
membership were a large number qualified to take part in prayer-
meetings, or to conduct them acceptably themselves. We felt
168 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
the good hand of our God with us, and anticipated prosperity
for days to come. In January, 1877, the deatli of Elder Daniel
Haines occurred. This was followed by other deaths, and the
removal of many who had been influential. We were great!}' re-
duced in strength by this unexpected loss of so many prominent men.
The extension of the church was necessarily delayed from
weakness and poverty. In the summer of 1879 Mrs. Matilda
Fairchild, the widow of Rev. Dr. Elias R. Fairchild, one of our
former pastors, encouraged me to renew the attempt to build, by
the gift of $200, and the promise of more if required. This she
afterwards supplemented by the additional gift of $500, making
$700 in all. Had it not been for her sympathy and donations,
the work would not have gone on. My friend, Colonel Henry
L. Pierson sent me word that he would give $250. The matter
was laid before the Board of Trustees, who authorized me to go
on as long as the money lasted, but not to incur any debt.
Considerable money was raised among ourselves ; the work
moved slowly, and we paid as we progressed. With various hin-
drances and interruptions, and notwithstanding our limited re-
sources, the completed house was dedicated to the worship of God
May 18th, 1881. The following minute was entered in the Ses-
sion Book : " The church was dedicated free from debt, and the
congregation gratefully acknowledge the kindness of the Lord
God in so abundantly prospering their endeavor to build a house
to his name."
The rear window was put in in 1883, the expense of which
was $360. The steeple was erected in IS 84 at a cost of $450.
The walls were frescoed in 1887. The total cost being nearly
$8,000. Some parts of the building still lack completion. It
may be rightly said that this was a great enterprise for our con-
gregation when our numbers were so depleted and our financial
strength so weak.
1 bear testimony to the affectionate kindness my people have
ever shown me. In general every proposition I have made to
them for temporal improvement or christian labor has had their
approval. We have often been compelled to move slowly because
of limited means, but in the end have carried out successfully
CHUBCH HISTORY CONTINUED. 1(39
every project upon which we have entered.
Time will not permit ns to go over the full roll-call of be-
loved brethren who have gone before us to glory. Death has
been very busy, and wonderful changes in our population have
taken place. Of the thirty-eight communicants who formed the
church in 1805, five only are attending members. We have laid
more in the churchyard than we meet on the Sabbath day. Oould
we summon back again all those whom we have buried, a whole
church could not seat them.
From the eldership, we have lost the venerable James Con-
leton, one of the best of men, at the age of ninety-one ; Daniel
Haines for forty years an elder, our counsellor and guide ; Eras.
tus Congleton, who gave promise of great usefulness, and was
called away while still a young man ; also Levi Oongletcn, who
returned to us from Sparta.
Among those not elders, such good men as Lewis ('. iioe,
Charles Wade, Thomas Schofield and Henry W. Conplin have
passed away. There were others who did not become communi-
cants, yet whose hopes and sympathies were always with us, and
who were most useful in the congregation, such as Doctor William
II. Linn, John II. Brown and Samuel A. Beardslee. Among
christian women we have a noble record of those who loved their
church and were ready for every good work. Of these we men-
tion Mrs. Sarah Beardslee and Mrs. Lucilla Price. There was
one, a member of another church, but ours in every other respect,
a friend to the poor, and a helper in every benificent enterprise,
Mrs. Lucy Lovell Brown.
Think not that invidious distinctions arc made, if all who
have been honored and useful are not mentioned in this connec-
tion. We have their names on record, and their memories are
cherished in our hearts. May God ever give our congregation
more men and women such as they.
Something of this church's history for the past twenty-three
years has been given, but how much more might be said. There
are many incidents precious to memory, yet so personal and in-
dividual that they are hardly suited to a 'printed book. In the
humblest efforts I have seen the happiest results in winning souls.
1"70 HARDYSTOX MEMORIAL.
Sometimes men have been won in a moment; at other times after
repeated and persistent appeals.
During the year 1887 we lost by dismissions twenty; by
deaths four, and six became non-resident, so that the report of
April, 1888, gave 137 as the membership upon the revised roll.
HAMBURG BAPTIST CHURCH.
Thomas Teasdale came from Yorkshire, England. He
brought strong letters of recommendation to the Presbytery of
New York to whom he applied for license to preach, but failing
in the qualifications required his license was not given. He then
became a Baptist and removed to Sussex. His house was in Ver-
non, a little beyond McAfee, at the foot of the mountain. He
preached in school houses and private dwellings, and organized a
church in Pochnnk in 1708. This was afterwards merged into
the Hamburg Baptist Church, which was formed in 1811. His
church increased in numbers, but suffered by the disruption of
1823, when an influential body withdrew and formed the Frank-
lin Baptist Church. Mr. Teasdale was not always sound in doc-
trine, yet a good man, sincere and earnest, and influential with
many. He spoke a broad Yorkshire dialect, and was very sharp
in denouncing sin and used cutting words in argument. He died
in 1827, aged 75 yens, and was buried at Hamburg.
Extract from letter written by T. Lawrence, Esq., to his
grandson, James Ludlum, Jr. :
" We could not expect in this retired situation to be gratified
in every refinement, and altho' the person under whose charge
Providence has placed us for our religious instruction is not pos-
sessed of those superior attainments that many others are, yet we
are fortunate in having one who from the purity of his heart, his
perfect acquaintance with sacred writ, and the unexceptionable
tenor of his conduct, is able to teach us our duty, and what he may
be deficient in manner is made up to us in matter. I trust you
will agree with me that I have done no more than justice in delin-
eating to you the character of our worthy pastor, Mr. Teasdale."'
He took pains to educate his sons who rose to prominent
CHURCH HISTORY CONTINUED. 171
positions, and was succeeded by his son, John, who preached in
Hamburg four years, and afterwards at Newton.
For two years the church was supplied by Elders ('. Park
and Elias Frost, of Franklin.
William II. Spencer was a blacksmith in Pochunk at the
time he professed conversion. He was called to this charge in
1838, and remained for seven years and a half. He succeeded in
bringing a great many into his church, and its membership was
for a time the largest of any congregation in the county.
Thomas Davis, who was born and educated in England, came
for one year, 1846 ; and some time later supplied the pulpit on Sab-
bath afternoons while he was pastor at Papakating. This excellent
man, useful wherever he lived, died recently in Beverly, X. .1
His son, Lt. (Lionel Ebenezer W. Davis, was Major of the loth
Regiment 1ST. J. Yols.
John Davis succeeded his brother Thomas in 1847, and was
here for nearly three years, when he was followed by Mr. Hope.
.1. M. Hope accomplished much for this church, and with
some interruptions continued his ministrations for several years.
It was mainly through his endeavers that the meeting house was
rebuilt, and the parsonage and lot secured. His preaching was
spiritual, and although fewer were brought into the church than
under some others, it gained in substantial strength.
David Silvek began his ministry here January 1st, 1865. He
remained until 1870, when he accepted a charge near the Dela-
ware River, in Xew York State, and afterwards another some
miles from Princeton, X. J., where he died. While here his
labors were successful, and one winter nearly one hundred per-
sons united with his church.
Charles Millington was twice called to be pastor. In the
the interval between his two terms of service, Edward D. Shule
was minister. IT. B. GnscARD has recently been supplying the
The congregation sold their parsonage property in Upper
Hamburg, and have built a more commodious house for their
minister nearer their place of worship.
The Franklin Baptist Church was organized December
172 HARDYSTON MEMORIAL.
11th, 1823. Its corporate members were Lucretia Rorick,
Michael Rorick, Noah Hammond, Catharine Hammond, Catha-
rine Clay, Clarissa Sharp, Hannah Van Wart, Mary Hammond,
Spencer Scott, and Fanny Rull. They assumed the title of " The
First Particular Baptist Church of Hardy ston." Rev. Zelotes
Grenell was Moderator at the constituting of the church, which
lias had'some strong members, and was useful while it continued.
Death made inroads among their numbers and so greatly
reduced them, that the regular services ceased in December, 1853.
The house of worship, erected in 1S3£, was leased for ten
years to the Presbyterians of the North Hardyston congregation,
by whom it was remodeled and put in substantial repair. It is
now used by the Franklin Reformed congregation, which was
organized in 1877, and of which Rev. Gilbert S. Gabretson is
The Catholic Church of Franklin, Church or the Immacu-
late Conception, was built in 1863, under the superintendence
of Rev. Edward McCosker, who was its pastor until 1880. The
house is substantially constructed of brick, thirty feet wide by
seventy feet long. Rev. George A. Corrigan, brother of the
Archbishop of New York, succeeded Mr. McCosker, and he was
followed by Rev. J. H. Hill, who has recently been transferred
to Rahway. The congregation possesses a handsome brick par-
sonage, which is finely located. The charge was divided in 1881,
when a congregation was organized at Ogdensburg, and the
Church of St. Thomas of Aquin was built.
the church of the good shepherd.
The Protestant Episcopal Church of Hamburg was built in
1872-73, upon a lot of land donated by the heirs of Robert
A. Linn. The building is of blue lime stone, twenty-five by forty
feet, with the chancel extending in the rear. The ceiling is pan-
nelled with oiled wood, and a handsome memorial window to the
memory of Miss Kittie Lawrence, is placed in the chancel. A
large, sweet-toned bell occupies the belfry.
Rev. IT. P. Stuart Martin, who was born in India, was the first
CHURCH HISTORY CONTINUED. 173
missionary pastor. He was succeeded in 1878 by Rev. Levi
The church was consecrated in 1880, by Bishop Starkey, of
Northern New Jersey, and Bishop Quintard, of Tennessee.
Rev. Joseph H. Smith, formeivry of St. Paul's Church, Newark,
is the Rector. His ministry began in 1882. He officiates also at
St. Thomas Church, in Vernon.
A handsome legacy has been left to the church for the pur-
chase of a memorial organ.
The Snufftown M. E. Church was built sixty years ago.
Manuel Force was then Presiding Elder, and Shaw and Dandy
were preachers upon the circuit. Ketcham, the carpenter, came
from "Warwick. Stated preaching has been maintained there
ever since its erection. It has been blessed with many seasons of
revival in which the hardy dwellers on the mountain have been
gathered into its fold.
REGISTER OF NORTH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH <>!•' JIARDYSTQN.
Edward Allen, from June, 1810, to December, 1820.
Bun- Baldwin, from July, 1821, to May, 1824.
Nathaniel Conkling, from June, 1S24, to June, 1828.
Elias Kiggs FairchiJd, from September, 1829, to May, 1838.
Joel Campbell, from May, 1838, to October, 1856.
David C. Meeker, from April, 1857, to August, 1859.
Goodloe Bowman Bell, from October, 1859, to Oct., 18G4.
Alanson Austin Haines, from July, 1805, to present time.
John Linn, May, 1819, died 1821.
George Buckley, May, 1819, dismissed 1837.
Thomas Beardslee, Dec, 1821, dismissed 1831.
James Congleton, Dec, 1821, died 1871.
Samuel Turtle, Ma}*, 1S23, died 1861.
Daniel Edwards, April, 1824, dismissed 1825.
Jacob Kimble, June, 1827, died 1803.
Andrew Linn, June, 1827, dismissed 1848.
Daniel Haines, July, 1837, died 1877.
Elias L'Hommedieu, July, 1837, dismissed 1845.
Simon W. Buckley, April, 1848, dismissed.
Joshua Predmore, April, 1848, dismissed.
Samuel O. Price, February, 1866.
Levi Congleton, February, 1866, dismissed 1879.
EEGISTEK 01" NORTH PBESBYTERIAJS CHUECH OF HABDY8TON. 175
John L. lirown, February, 1868, dismissed 1881.
John E. Congleton, October, 1876, died 1879.
William E. Skinner, Oct., 1870, dismissed 1878.
;; " Charles II. Linn, April, 1878.
* W. Hooker Ingersoll, April, 1878.
* Now in office.
sote. — Those uniting upon certificate are marked thus "C. "
181 9. ,1 ohn Linn C, Martha Linn C, Elizabeth Linn C, Marga-
ret Simmons C, Kitty PerigoC, Widow Parkhurst C, Widow Mary
Buckley C, Gabriel Payne C, Richard Whitaker C, Elizabeth Whit-
aker C, Sarah Van DuzenC, Seth Byram C, Sarah Byram C, Daniel
B. Wilcox C, Cornelius Demarest C, Mary Demarest C, Peter
Demorest ( \ Jane Demarest C, Catherine Nesbit C, Peter Shirts C,
Jane Shirts C, Jane McDaniels C, Thomas Beardslee C, Rachel
Beardslee C, Melinda Beardslee ( , ffunice Munson C, Catherine
Gunderman C, Margaret Knoff C, -Widow Anna Hammond C,
Hannah Carpenter 0, Elizabeth Beardslee C, Hannah Fairchild
C, Sarah Linn C, George Buckley C, Margaret Buckley C, Elsey
Buckley ( ', Peter Simmons ( !, Isaac Stirr ( \ Mary Stirr C, Eliza-
beth Demarest C, Joseph Perigo ( J, Nancy ( uirdiner C, Sarah
Harding C, Abigail Barton C, Sarah Barton C, Widow Abigail
Wade C, Mrs. Peter AVhitaker C, Daniel Edwards (', Widow
Mary Adams ( ', Sarah I )emarest ( '. Widow Mary McDaniels C,
Martha Barr C.
The above 52 were received by certificate from the First
church of Hardyston and organized as the North Church of llar-
dyston, May 15th, 1819.
Abigail Losey, James Gardiner, Mary Gardiner, Ruhama
Wade, Ann Beardslee, Jacob Kimble, Bethia Kimble, Andrew
Johnson, James Congleton, Catherine Struble, Martha Demarest,
John Crawford, Thomas Gardiner, Coonrod AVatson, Elizabeth
AVatson, Abigail Ellison, Julia Carpenter, Mary (Givens) Brasted,
Pamelia Barton, Peter Taylor, Hannah Taylor^ Mary Case, Panie-
lia Howell, Lydia Crawford, Samuel Tuttle", Peter Demarest, Erne
1820. Horace Ford, Ebenezer Tuttle, Ann Gardiner, Rhoda
Crawford, Hannah Beardslee, Lydia Tuttle, Abraham Johnson,
Hannah Ackerman, Elizabeth Congleton, AVillard Fletcher, Abi-
170 HAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
gail Johnson C, Aaron Ackerson, Sophia Hopkins.
1822. Jane Jones C, Sarah Simpson C, Eliza Fowler C,
Mary Edsall C, John Hubbard C, Elizabeth Sharp C, Lucy In-
glis, llhoda Kay, William A. Thompson.
1823. Conrad Tinker C, Annie Tinker C.
1824. Andrew Linn, James Johnson, John Payne, Rebecca
Hardin, Emily II. Conkling, Mary Ann Linn, Snsan Losey, Eliza-
beth McDaniels, Ayres Ackerson, Betsey By ram.
1825. Samuel Payne, Annie Newman, Catherine Dema-
rest, Ann Eliza Simmons, Jane , Rebecca Fowler,
1826. Cornelia L'Hommedieu C, Margaret Lane C, Rose
1827. Garret Van Blareom, Mary Van Blarcom, Elizabeth
Sutton, Sarah Case, Jemima Predmore, Joshua Predmore, Mich-
ael P. Sutton, Henry Johnson, Mark Buckley, John Nixon, Abra-
ham Ray, Sarah A. Buckley, Anna Crawford, Mary Buckley,
Anna Predmore, Sally Ann Predmore, Ann Forester, Elizabeth
AVolverton, Mary Haines ( ', Joseph ( Cole, Nancy Cole, Margaret
McClellan, Sibella Linn, Eleanor Ketehem, Jane ( Vawford, Rachel
Armstrong, Martha McCoy.
1829. Mary Whitaker, Sarah Degraw, Delilah Sloat, Jane
Congleton, Addie Tice, Clarissa Newman.
1830. Maria Price C, Elizabeth Bunting C, Maria Price,
Phebe Ann Wilson, Martha Demarest, " :f Henrietta Linn, Isaac
IVardsley, Elizabeth Marccll C.
1831. Catherine Drain, Emeline D. Stoll, Mary (). Darrah
C, Aaron Woodruff C, Phebe AVoodruft' C, Elias L. Hommedieu,
Robert Haines, Dorothy Stoll, Catherine Shiner, John Newman,
Joel Buckley, Robert Buckley, ( 'atherine Stoll, Mary Yetman,
""Maria Schoh'eld, Susan Beardslee, -Catherine Beardslee, Jane
Buckley, Charlotte H. Tuttle, Mary Jane AVade, Lydia Kimble,
Sarah Beardslee, Henry T. Darrah, AVilliam C. Predmore, Philip
Losey, Elias Potter, Huldah S. Beardslee, Amy Tuttle, Ann Pred-
more, Martha A. AVolverton, Jonathan Sutton, Phebe A. Max-
well, Justice Beardslee, Elizabeth Darrah, Eliza A. Hopkins,
Mahala Lose}-, Julia A. AVhitaker, Alanson Predmore, Delilah
Predmore, Edwin Luckley, Thomas Brasted, William Darrah,
Daniel Haines, Ann M. Haines, Diadamia Haines, John C. Bunt-
ing, Elizabeth A. Sheppard, Ephraim Potter, Calvin Meade, Levi
Congleton, Martha AVarbass, Mary Gibson, Henry AV. Ogden,
Robert Price, Charlotte Hopkins, Elizabeth Gunderman, Susan
Beardslee, Peter Gunderman, Martha M. AVarbass C, Mary Steph-
REGISTER OF NORTH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OK HARDYSTON. 1 77
Note. — Those marked * are members at the present time.
1832. Fhebe Potter, Lewis C. Roe C, Terressa Roe C,
Aim R. Stoll, Sarah Potter, Enos Goble C, Rebecca Goble C,
Eliza Van Blarcom, Mary Gunderman, Sarah Byram, Sarah Ed-
sall, Julia Denton, Mary Monnell, Catherine (DeKay) McMurray,
Phebe Harden, Elizabeth Vandegriff, Moses Strong, John Pred-
more, John Dunning, David Byram, James T. Newman, William
Van Blarcom, David Dunn, Jacob Gimderman, Catherine Knofr,
Drucilla Predmore, Daniel Gimderman, Jacob C. Maxwell, Joseph
P. Fraser, Abraham Stoll, James Byram, William Gimderman,
John Poller, Mahala Polley, Araminta (Polley) Doland, William
Beardslee, Benjamin Valentine, Rebecca Turner, Catharine A.
(Sutton) Van Blarcom, Simon Wade Buckley, Samuel Schofield
Beardslee, William Gimderman, Jacob KnofT, Jane Skellinger,
Sarah Hopkins, Mary Valentine, Rachel DeKay, Sarah Vande-
griff, Elizabeth Myers, Susan Van Blarcom, Ann Freeman, Susan
.Kimble, Matthias C. Lane, Margaret Buckley, Daniel Lane, Susan
(Freeman) Vanatta, Mary Tiebout, Sarah Bay, Frances Worten-
dyke, James Hutchinson, Mary Tiebout, Araminta Douglas,
Matilda Fairchild C, Matthias II. Ogden C, Jerusha Ogden C,
Sarah Shorter C, Jacob Myers (', Esther Dunning ( '.
1833. Samuel Stage, Lucetta Stage, Mary Hopkins, Eliza
Ilurd, Charles W. Buckley.
1831. Samuel Knox, Alfred Buckley, Janetta Knox, (Cathe-
rine Yetman, Mary Beardslee, Nancy Knox, Richard Whitaker
Jr., Sidnej' P. Haines, Robert A. Linn, Jr., Anna Brodrick, Sam-
uel Mnnson, "Samuel O. Price, Eliza Losey, Elizabeth Munson,
Elizabeth Newman, Nancy Little, diaries Wade, Peter Van
Home, Sarah L'Hommedieu, Maria Bungay, Mary Rosencrantz,
John Darrah C, Agnes Darrah C, Thomas Tiebout, Stephen
Staats Tiebout, Harry Tiebout. Paris Douglas, Jane (Knox) Ston-
1839. Aaron Houston, Elijah Martin. Lewis Gunderman,
David F. Stoll, Sarah D. Stoll, Phebe J. Byram, Emily (Polley)
Luckey, Bertha Tuttle, Charlotte (Kimble) Smith, Mary Todd,
Julia E. Edsall, Ann Congleton, Mary L. Shiner, Halsey L. Beem-
er, Joseph Congleton, AVilliam Jackson C, Mrs. Jackson C.
1839. Rebecca Campbell C, Horace Taylor C, Catherine
Lewis C, Elizabeth Hamilton C, Ann Anderson.
1840. Simeon Hand, Jane Westfall C, Phebe Kinner C,
Julia Ann Cassady C, Alanson Predmore C, Mrs. Predmore C,
Elizabeth Decker C, Phebe E. Martin.
1841. Brice P. Edsall C, James B. Case, Ruth Woodruff,
Elizabeth Case, Joseph Linn, Ilnldah Beardslee C.
178 IIAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
1542. Elizabeth Smith C, Phebe Lewis C, Abigail Dema-
rest, Elias Freeman 0, Clarissa Perrj C, Hiram Predmore, Sarah
Skellinger, Phebe Mackerly, Phebe Ann Sutton, Ellen Ludlum,
Hannah E. (Sutton) Ayres, Mary A. Van Blarcom, Margaret Mc-
Donalds, Mary Woodruff, Reuben R. Sutton, Mary (L'Homme-
dieu) Moore, Lucy Ann (Sutton) Sibbit, Ralph Push, Jacob L,
Bedell, Joseph F. M. Sutton. - Alanson A. Haines, Abraham Stoll.
Abby Tuttle, John ( louplin ( !, Isabella Couplin C, "Hiram Aber,
Frances E. (Neely) Byram, Phebe E. (Moore) Edsall, William
Lane, Belinda Bay, Nancy Munson, Theodocia Munson, Caroline
Rosencrantz, William L'Hommedieu, Jane Decker ( '.
1843. Phebe Woodruff, Martha Demarest C, Eliza Ann
1840. Sarah (Byram) ( ase.
1847. Joseph McDaniels.
1848. Catharine J. Sutton, George Case, Daniel P. Wood-
1849. Sarah D. (Haines) Guyot, Eleazer Cassady, Marga-
ret Knox, Amanda (Campbell) Kimble, "Ann (Siinonson) Ed-
1850. Hannah Hopkins, Sarah Woodruff, Sarah Maria
('ase, Catharine (Hopkins) Hunt, Matilda Kimble, Mary Kimble,
Mary Sutton, Retina Hopkins, Phebe (Hopkins) Woodruff, Lucy
E. (Wilson) Vaughn, Louisa J. Ray, Rebecca Smith, Talmage
Woodruff, Jacob R. Lyon, Elias F. Sutton.
1851. Matilda (McManoman) (longer, Matilda (JBrasted)
Simmons, Lucetta (Roe) Congleton, Julia Woodruff ( '.
1853. William Roy ( /Mrs. Roy C.
1S55. Matilda F. Sutton, Rachel McDaniels C.
1858. Levi L- Hoffman, -John P. Wilson, George O. Wil-
son, Anna M. (Wilson) Van Blarcom, Catharine K. (Beardslee)
Lewis, Annie A. (Austin) Hell, Mary F. (Day) Davenport, Har-
riet E. (Smith) Everman, Sarah (Cassady) Howell, Charlotte
Congleton, Nancy (Scott) Benjamin, Amy Buckley C. "Amelia
M. (Dunning) Linn C, Philanda D. (Roe) Wickham, Keturah
Roe, Alexander II. Roe, Nancy A. Meeker C.
1859. John A. Congleton C, Theresa Agustine Austin C,
Sarah C. Fowler C, Ann M. (Haines) Tucker.
1860. Phebe Congleton, Mary (Potter) Dennis, Eliza Ann
(Van Syckle) Stoll, Dorcas C. Potter, Lucy Potter, Sarah Cornelia
Brasted, Amelia Perry, John Rutan C, Anna P. Rutan C, Abby
Jane (Wade) Mains, John Lovell Brown.
1862. Thomas Schofield, Mary E. Schofield, Catherine Rosc-
velt, Lauretta Amelia Howell.
REG1STEK OK NORTH PRESBYTERIAN CHUKC11 OF II A KM >1 ST< >.\. 179
1863. Mary Ann Heardslee.
1865. Barret Havens Titsworth.
1800. John Erastus Congleton, *Anna Mary (Hiles) Con-
gleton, *Merinda Shepherd, Lucilla (Kimble) Price.
1807. James Mantania, "Sarah C. Ingersoll C, Almeda
Predmore (', George Porter, '"'( "larinda Fowler C, Elias Frost,
John Miller Longcore, David Fredenburg Longcore, Fowler Kim-
1868. Benjamin If. Kays, Henry Winters, "Martha Elizabeth
(Longcore) Lantz, Margaret (Edge) Longcore, "Charles Witworth
Lewis, *Alfred Wyckoff Johnson, Mary Ann Kimble, John M.
18G9. Elizabeth Ann Minion.
1868. Georgianna Lucy (Sutton) Tibbetts, Jennie E. Stoll.
1869. * Joseph Johnson, Ruth Hughes Kimble, William Ers-
kine Skinner ( 1, Mary L. (Ryerson) Skinner C, William T. Cogg-
shall C, Julia W. (Ingergsoll) Coggshall C, Sarah Elizabeth
(Minion) Allen, * Annie (Ogden) Beardslee ( '.
1870. Susan Copeland (Ingersoll) Brown, "Susan (Hop-
kins) Kimble, Amzie Roe, ^Charles Roe.
1871. Henry Wintield Couplin C, Alonzo James Williams,
*James Woods, Hannah (Edsall) Lawrence, "Elizabeth (McMan-
ns) Woods, *Letta (Force) Dennis, William Radley, Mary Rad-
ley, Joseph C. Piatt Jr. C, Kate J. Platte C, Ruth Simpson,
Jacob Kimble, Margaret (Sharp) Kimble, Isabella ('oats, Alice
Ann Kemble, Sarah Victoria Poland, "Mary Catherine (Poland)
Simpson, Robert Morgan, Anna Morgan, "Matthias Shepherd,
*Worthington Hooker Ingersoll, *Sarah Boswell (Ingersoll) Law-
rence, Emeline (Longcore) Pellett, John Wesley Black, "William
Henry Spangenburg, "Margaret McManus, Sarah Amanda Pig-
gery, ""James PeWitt ( J, Nancy DeWitt, Emma Sykes, Sarah
Dickinson, Albert A. Northwood C, "Mary (Townsend) Haines
C, "Abigail Green , Amanda Ellen Snook, x\sa B. Peloubet C,
John Kerr C, Helen Kerr C, Mary Jane (Stonaback) Montross,
George Martin, Annie Martin, Helen Elizabeth 01 man, Lisa C.
Anderson, Frederick William Kehren.
1872. Seymour Lawrence, Elizabeth Pollock Prentice C,
Andrew Shorter C, Margaret Shorter 0. *Franeis Henry Tucker.
1873. Caroline Seward Kehren, Harriet Iona Williams,
:f Elizabeth Kirkwood (Skinner) Linn, * Julia (Vibbert) Linn C,
"Charles H. Linn C, John Edgar C, Jeannette K. Edgar C,
Tliomas Warren Pellet.
1874. *Laura (Woods) Havens, James Prentice, William
Simpson Chardavoyne, Robert H. Howell, Emerson Bennett Pot-
180 IIAKDYSTON MEMORIAL.
ter, Julia (Simpson) Chardavoyne.
1ST5 *Lizzie (Bishop) Stevens, "Elizabeth Ann (Case)
Kays, *Daniel Stewart McPeek, ••Margaret E. (Cary) McPeek,
1876. Elizabeth C. (Ingersoll) Gill C, Ilila G Brown C,
Darius M. Brown, Frederick Goodell, "Caroline Bishop, Kate
Barber, Marcus Barnes Duvall C, Laura Lovell (Brown) Lawrence,
George Ryerson Skinner.
1877. Sarah G (Munson) Bird ( ', Sarah Jane Ward, Susan
Yansyckle, Albert Stoll, Eva Couse C, Susie Maria Gill, Cecil
Dunscombe Peloubet, Elizabeth (Lewis) Shorter C, John Robert
Spittle, Julia Spittle, Estin Peloubet, James Shorter, "Sarah Jane
1868. -Sarah Elizabeth (Perry) Bross.
L879. John Beemer Shorter, John Munson, Jr., Wilbur
Lazier Paddock, "-"Nathan Paddock, Benjamin Decker Potter,
-Susan Dymock, Ellen Eliza Young.
1880. Burtis C. Megie, Jr., Daniel Hopkins Kimble.
1881. -Maria (Osborn) Scott,
18S2. Mary Jane (Washer) Wilson, Carrie Teressa Wick-
ham, Mary Lucetta Wickham, Mary Ann Cantield, Jeremiah
Canfield, "'Benjamin Scott, "'Emma L. (Stoll) Price, "Alta Woods,
Josephine Woods, "Experience Elizabeth (Woods) Hamilton,
"Mary Dunning Linn, "Ella A. (Congleton) Doland, ""'Mary Eliz-
abeth'' (Smith ("Shorter C, "Richard YanDerhoof C, "Mary F.
YanDerhoof C, """Stephen Boy Fitz Randolph C, "Alary Emma
(Baxter) Fitz Randolph, Sarah Elizabeth Ward.
1883. S. Alice Simpson, Elizabeth Teel C, Irene Ward,
Charlotte Johnson, -Julia Johnson, "Bethia Alward, John
Mabee, Carrie Westbrook (Roc) Mabee, Arminda F. Lewis,
"Francis C. Sheldon C, Gabriel Ludlum Dunning C, Martha
1884. Sarah Jane Lanterman C, "ilattie (Baker) Ingersoll,
Daniel L. Ogden C, *David Doland, "Marvin Clement Potter,
^Cecelia Ella Potter, Cora Ogden, Cora Ogden Beardslec, "Lucy
Electa Walling, Alida Ellen (YanDerhoof) Ogden, "James W.
1885. Mary Ann (Morgan) Talmage, Amelia Clara (Roe)
Wickham, "Sarah Ella (Congleton) Fredenburg, "Martin Mabee
Fredenburg, *Frank Smith Lanterman, Fred Irving Congleton,
"Emma Elizabeth Bird, *Sarah Elizabeth Ryerson, """George
Washington Ryerson, Jehiel T. Lanterman, -Ephraim Martin
Kimble, "Levi Coursen Pollison, "John Bishop, Henry Ogden
Beardslee, Norman Nanny Johnson, '-Esther Osborn, -'Emma
REGISTER OF NORTH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF HARDYSTON. 181
Jane Dymock, *Erama Grace VanDenhoof, *Ella Drew, *Emily
Louisa (Monks) Corner, *Edward DeKay Totten, *Plurania Tot-
ten *Mary Jeanetta (Haight) Latta, *Abby Delia (Haight) Booth,
^Theodore Talma^e, *Moses Piggery, *Mary Irene (Blair) Mor-
gan, William L. Finnegan, Laura Ellen (Morgan) Talmage, "Wil-
liam Pollison Blair, *James G. Irvin 0, "Sarah C. Irvin C, *Min-
nie May Irvin C, Aaron Mead C, Jennie Burwell Meade C, *Na-
thaniel E. Seely C, "Michael Sutton Bedell C, *Susan M. Bedell
C, * Angelina M. (Bedell) Simonson C, "Mary Case, *Hattie Ann
(Hopkins) Wheden, *Lucilla Price Kimble, ^Martha Florence
Lantz, "William Marshall Lantz, ^Charlotte A. Kimble C, *Saron
Leport Wilson, *Anna Mary (McPeek) Wilson, ""Cornelia (Simp-
son) Stonaback, "George Washington Smith, Gilbert B. Winters,
*Malvina Delia Potter, *Etta Delilah Scott.
18S6. Emma Louisa Dingle, *John Ryerson Walling,
*Charles Elmer Martin, "Henry Divers Bond, *Annetta Bond,
*Charles McClellan Paddock, * Israel Davenport Chardevoyne,
* Joseph Everett Bond, Nathaniel Drake Martin, John Wesley
Monks, *William D. Beemer C, *Mary Alice Beemer C,*Ilannah
M. Piggery C, ^Harriet W infield C, * Joanna (Chardavoyne) Read
C, *Matilda (Read) Simonson, *Sarah Jane (Smith) Chardavoyne,
*Barret Havens Chardavoyne, ""Sarah Alice Alward, * Abraham
Winfield, Almeda (Edsall) Winfield, *Anna Estelle Chardavoyne,
*Hattie Sutton Chardavoyne.
1887. *Horatio Seymour Potter, *John N. Decker C, *Mary
R. Decker C.
1888. *John C. Chandler C, *Lucy C. Chandler C, * Annie
(McPeek) Woods, *Thomas R. Simpson C, Mary Alice Terhune.