Skip to main content

Full text of "Hardyston memorial : a history of the township and the North Presbyterian Church, Hardyston, Sussex County, New Jersey"

See other formats




Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

Princeton Theological Seminary Library 








Newton, N. J. 






J. Indian Inhabitants and Pioneer Settlers 7 

II. Some Early Settlers and their Families - 25 

III. Early Families Continued - - 48 

IV. Revolutionary Times - - 69 
V. Iron Manufacture - - - 81 

VI. Hamburg and Some of its People - 95 
VII. The Second War With England ; Hamburg and 
Paterson Turnpike Road ; Customs and Local 

History - 108 

VIII. Mexican and Civil AVars - 122 

IX. Early Churches - - - 130 
X. North Hardyston and Hamburg Presbyterian 

Churches - - - 146 

XL Ministry of Dr. Fairchild and Mr. Campbell 152 
XII. North Church Continued, and History of other 

Churches in Hardyston - - - 160 

XIII. Register of North Presbyterian Church - 174 


The purpose in preparing this volume has been to place in 
durable form such incidents of history belonging to the Town and 
the North Church of llardyston as might be of interest to those 
now living, as well as of value for future reference. The work is 
necessarily imperfect, for only what is remembered can be re- 
corded, and many tilings deserving of notice have passed from 
memory. It is a matter of regret that the effort was not sooner 
made. ( )ur aged people have been rapidly passing away and 
much that might have been gathered even twenty years ago is 
lost. With gleanings from all available sources it is believed that 
the main facts of local history have been secured and are truth- 
fully presented. 

Grateful acknowledgment is made to kind friends for the 
generous aid they have given in the compilation of the work. 



When the first settlers came to these regions they found them 
already in possession of a race of men known to us as the American 
Indians, whose origin has given rise to much discussion among 
civilized people. Some have thought them indigenous to the 
land, and others that they emigrated from the old world over both 
the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, or came down by way of Green- 
land, or by Behring straits to Alaska. They have peculiarities 
which mark them as a distinct race. Their features and habits 
were such that they cannot be allied with any other type of men, 
but remain separate by themselves. Had adventerous crews or 
stranded ships brought their progenitors here, hundreds and even 
thousands of years ago, resemblances could have been traced to 
the inhabitants of the old world, whether they came from eastern 
Asia, western Europe, or Africa. 

That they had been very numerous, we judge from thei 1 * 
sepulchers which are often invaded by the spade of the excavator. 
Where the plow turns the soil, we find every year, the stone 
implements and flint arrow-heads of a prehistoric age. These 
are the principal Indian relics that remain to us. They are so 
abundant and are found in so many localities as to prove the 
number and general diffusion of the old inhabitants. These stone 
implements are of great variety and some of exquisite finish. 
They are made of honestone, jasper, chalcedony and flint. They 
are adapted to warlike, hunting and fishing purposes, as well as to 
the requirements of common life. There are arrow and lance 
heads, axes, some of which are grooved for handles, knives, hammer 
stones, pestals and mortars. The chisels and gouges were used 
in peeling bark from trees, and shaping the wood for purposes in 
which it was employed. Their pipes were of various forms, 


beautifully polished, the bore being true, and they were fitted 
to a wooden stem which was ornamented. 

The mound builders were evidently a more cultivated people 
who subsisted largely upon the products of the soil. The modern 
Indians, when first discovered, were to some extent agricultural. 
They protected their villages by stockades and ditches, and were 
expert in many industrial pursuits. Their mats and baskets, their 
fishing nets and feather cloaks, have long disappeared. They had 
ornaments and beads, and belts decorated with wampum, made 
with great skill and perseverance. 

It has been customary to speak of the Indian as the untutored 
savage. The habits of the Indians were different from our own, 
but suited to the forest life they led. From the narrations of 
those who lived with them, as the boys captured and adopted into 
their tribes and afterwards released, we may believe that their 
lodges were abodes of happiness and, according to their primitive 
tastes, even of comfort. To suppose that they were so inferior to 
white men as to have no refinement of sentiment and attraction in 
character and bearing, would be a great mistake. They were 
without a written language, but by certain marks and pictured 
signs could convey news of victories and losses, and the numbers 
of their own forces and of their enemies on a campaign. They had 
their legends in poetic form, which they committed to memory and 
handed down from generation to generation, and sang around 
their fires. But they had no Homer to gather these legends and 
clothe them in immortal verse, and tell of some Indian Achilles 
or Hector of undying fame. 

The language of the Delawares was said, by those who under- 
stood and could appreciate it, to have been poetic and beautiful. 
Their young braves were handsome. Their old chiefs were venerable 
in appearance. The young were tall, erect, and moved with grace- 
fulness. They were agile and skillful in capturtng the game with 
which the woods abounded and upon which they largely fed. The 
fish were abundant in the streams and lakes, and were taken with 
bone hooks, or speared at night, when they were attracted to the 
water's surface by the waving of flaming torches. The whites 
learned lessons in hunting and fishing from the Indians, and made 


good use of the wood craft they derived from them. Our baskets 
of oak splints are some of them still made upon their old 
patterns. The Indians raised corn, pumpkins, squashes, 
beans, and other vegetables, around their lodges. These 
were cultivated by their squaws and the smaller boys, while the 
men prided themselves on their prowess as hunters and trappers. 
They planted orchards of apple, plum and cherry trees. In 
my boyhood there were Indian orchards still bearing fruit in old 
age, and some of their descendants may still be found, where a 
native specimen stands by itself without mixture with those of 
European origin. Fifty years ago there were in this neighborhood 
several flats called " plum bottoms,'' that produced the red Indian 
fruit in great profusion. The Indians had several varieties of 
cherries. The berries were mostly growing wild, although the 
red raspberries seems to have been planted and cultivated by them. 
The government of the Indians may be described as simple 
and patriarchal, and the chiefs exercised their authority for the 
good of all the tribe. The sentiment of exact justice prevailed, 
and harmony and good feeling were preserved. 

The Lenni-Lenapi, called Delawares, from living in the 
regions adjoining the Delaware River, are the Indians with 
whom our immediate territory had the most to do. In many 
respects they are the most interesting of the Indian tribes known 
to us, from their historical legends and their intercourse with the 
early settlers. If the historian Palfrey gives a correct view of 
the Indians of New England, our Delawares were vastly their 
superiors. Their language has been pronounced the most ex- 
pressive of all the Indian tongues. They claimed to have been 
the earliest comers of all the Algonquin tribes, and were called 
the grandfathers of the nations. They were naturally of a 
peaceful disposition, and often the arbitrators between the tribes 
at war. 

One remarkable tradition of the Lenni-Lenapi survives, and 
we may regard it as their traditional account of the subjugation 
and expulsion of the race known to us as the " Mound Builders,"" 
whose gigantic works extend along the entire length of the Ohio 
and Mississippi rivers and are found at points in the Middle States. 


" Hundreds of years ago," they said, " they resided in a far away 
country toward the West. As they journeyed toward the sun, 
they found the country east of the Mississippi possessed by a 
people, the Allegewi, who had many large towns. A great war 
ensued, in which the Allegewi were defeated and fled down the 
Mississippi, and the Lenni-Lenapi occupied their country in 
common with the Iroquois, or Six Nations, who had followed them 
from the far West." 

They had three divisions or great clans, known by their em- 
blems of the wolf, the turtle, and the turkey, which are still distin- 
guished and held by the little surviving remnant now in the far 
off Indian Territory. 

Previous to the coming of white men the Delawarcs had 
greatly decreased in numbers, and many a village fire had gone 
out never to be re-lighted. Great wars had thinned the ranks 
of their braves and spread desolation through their forest homes. 
Diseases, some of which had been introduced by Europeans, 
spread among them and swept away many thousands. These 
epidemics were beyond the power of their simple remedies to 
check. The weakness of the Indians, and the naturally peace- 
ful and inoffensive disposition of the Delawares, were favorable 
to the settlement of Northern New Jersey. They manifested 
a friendly disposition toward the new comers. With their own 
numbers small and the land so wide, they were less jealous of 
intrusion than if they had been more numerous and re- 
quired the whole country for their own occupation. They made 
liberal grants of land in exchange for very trifling sums. The 
early settlers purchased of them sites for their homes, and built 
their cabins without much fear ; they pursued game on the 
Indian hunting grounds, and fished in their waters, visited them 
in their villages, and received their visits in return. 

The Missionary, David Brainerd, from 1742 to the close of 
his labors, passed among them in his long tours unmolested. The 
Dutch settlers were living in amity with them at their first settle- 
ment upon the upper Delaware as far back as 1680, when they 
journeyed inland from the Hudson River. We have some accounts 
of the massacre of whites and torture of captives, but they were 


liot usual, and the atrocities of King Phillip's war in New Eng- 
land, found no counterpart in the conflicts of very early times 
along our border. Our ancestors suffered most from Indian 
depredations during the old French war, when the Indians were 
invited to massacre and plunder by the emissaries of a civilized 
nation. So, too, during the Revolutionary war, the British officers 
employed Indians in their murderous work, and disguised Tories 
led them in marauding expeditions. That the improper conduct 
of the whites sometimes provoked to retaliation and bloodshed, 
does not fix any special ferocity upon those whose soil was invaded, 
and who, as the whites multiplied, might well be alarmed lest 
their homes should soon be entirely lost to them. We read that, 
in 1774, an unprovoked invasion of the Indian country was made 
by a party of land hunters. Without cause the Delaware Chief, 
Bald Eagle, was killed, scalped, and his body set adrift in his own 
canoe on the river. The celebrated chief Logan, whose family 
had been ruthlessly murdered, led on parties of the Delawares and 
Shawnees to terrible reprisals. The Indians were said to have 
been revengeful, but how were the whites ? Tom Quick, called 
the Indian slayer, and avenger of the Delaware, was said to have 
slain ninety-nine of them in revenge for his father's death, and 
to have only regretted that he could not make the number an 
even hundred. 

The great superiority of the white man was in the possession 
of the axe and the rifle. The woodman's axe found no competitor 
among their stone hatchets. A white man could clear his ground, 
cut and hew his logs and build his cabin — a more enduring 
structure — in shorter time than they could cut their poles 
and roof their wigwams. Firearms were deadly instruments 
against the Indians. In the chase they gave the white 
man the superiority in killing game, which grew scarcer with 
the greater slaughter of animals. In battle the Indians had 
little hope of success if victory must be won against firearms with 
only bow and spear. They learned, however, to make their 
attacks and draw the white man's fire, and then rush upon him 
before he could reload, and overcome him by force of numbers. 
The whites in emergency learned to hold their fire, and often by 


merely pointing at the Indians kept them at bay. We read of the 
Indian atrocities which are on record, but we have not the full 
statement of the more frequent acts of injustice and cruelty, 
perpetrated by the whites upon the Indians. They were doomed 
to pass away when the first settlers were permanently established, 
and the process began when our fathers landed and followed their 
trails along the streams and over the hills. We tread upon their 
graves and plow among their bones, but have lost the story of 
their lives. 

The Indian population among our Sussex hills was sparse at 
the beginning of the eighteenth century, and became more so 
as many withdrew into the Susquehanna country, or passed on 
into Ohio, abandoning many of their settlements. Yet there were 
scattered communities and a few families that long remained, and 
traces of their blood may be seen in the complexion and features 
of some of the mixed race yet living among us. The Indians 
often tamely submitted to oppression with a forbearance white 
men never exercised, although they would nourish revenge and 
sometimes rise in resistance and strike back deadly blow^. 

Edsall says in his Sussex County Centennial Address : " No 
difficulties with the red men are of record before 1755, or have 
been handed down by tradition. The settlers purchased their 
lands and dealt equitably with the Indians and were accorded 
privileges of hunting and fishing." Although in general on good 
terms with the aborigines, the settlers felt the necessity of 
guarding against treachery, and took precautions against hostile 
surprises. They placed their houses in proximity, and cut loop- 
holes for musketry in the log walls. Sometimes they stockaded 
about their homes. Women and boys, as well as men, were 
practiced in the use of the rifle, and often exercised their skill 
effectively against wild beasts, as well as in preparation for the 

In very early times Sussex county was a favorite hunting- 
ground for the Indians, and was mostly covered with a dense 
forest. As by war and pestilence the tribes diminished in 
numbers, the game multiplied for the survivors, who found 
here all that delights the heart of the red hunter. Among 


the birds were geese, clucks, wild turkeys, pigeons, partridges and 
quail. The deer were so plentiful as to furnish a common supply 
of Indian food. Fish abounded in the lakes and streams, and 
were taken with bene hooks or in nets. Oposum, otters and 
beavers were often killed. The beavers were particularly hunted 
for their furs, and after white men came, the beaver skin became 
a great article of commerce. 

The first white settlers were greatly troubled by beasts of prey. 
Panthers, bears, wildcats and wolves, dwelt in the woods, and often 
prowled around the settlers' homes, killing sheep and calves, and 
even threatening men. Hunters were compelled to keep their fires 
burning all night when they bivouaced on the mountains. Wolf 
scalps or heads were nailed on the outside of many a cabin, a pleasing 
exhibition of the hunter's success in the chase after these ravagers. 
The destruction caused by a single wolf, or a pair of wolves, for 
they generally went in pairs, in one night among a flock of sheep 
would be fearful. The old wolves became exceedingly cunning 
to escape pursuit or to avoid the traps set for them, and the she 
wolves when they had young were the fiercest and most ravenous. 
The American gray wolf was nearly four feet long, with a 
bushy tail of eighteen or twenty inches. Some overgrown speci- 
mens might have been even larger. Although about the same 
height and length as the European wolf, the American was more 
muscular and had more powerful jaws. The general color was a 
grey, with some much lighter than others. 

Sometimes a great hunt would be organized for the destruc- 
tion of a single wolf, which had broken into some sheep 
fold. The hunters surrounded a large district, or a mountain 
side, within which they supposed the wolf was lurking and then 
came in closer and closer until he was found. "Wolves are afraid 
of fire, and of the human eye, and seldom attack men. Large 
bounties were paid for killing wolves. In 1730 the New Jersey 
Legislature passed " An act to encourage the killing of wolves 
and panthers." A reward of twenty shillings was paid for every 
wolf's head to the slayer ; five shillings for every whelp of a wolf 
that cannot prey ; and for every panther fifteen shillings. 

In 1751 an amendment to this act was passed. The preamble 


says, " Whereas it is found by experience that said act is not a 
sufficient encouragement for the killing of wolves," and the 
amendment provided, that " the further sum of forty shillings shall 
be paid for every wolf killed, and five shillings for every whelp of 
a wolf, over and above the allowance in the first act." 

December, 1807, the flock of Thomas Lawrence, of Ham- 
burg, was invaded by wolves and a number of sheep killed. 

As late as 1820 twenty dollars were paid for a wolf's scalp ; 
and boys who could handle a gun received two dollars for each of 
the wild cat's heads they brought to the Justice of the Peace. The 
" Squire '' cut off the ears and gave the slayer a certificate entitling 
him to draw his money. Wolves were on Snufftown mountain in 
the recollection of men now living who can recall their howling at 

Black bears were formerly quite numerous. They seldom 
attacked a man, but when standing on the defensive, would tear 
the dogs with their claws when they ventured near enough to be 
caught, or squeeze them to death with their paws. They would 
sometimes come into the corn fields and devour the green corn. 
With their sharp claws they could very quickly climb the largest 
trees. Bears meat was highly esteemed by the settlers. 

In 1818 Peter Shafer killed a bear and three cubs in a clump 
of trees, not far from the big rock, in the Wallkill, below the 
Haines House. Near 1823 two bears were killed in the vicinity 
of Monroe Corner and the meat was divided among the families. 
Still later a bear was discovered on the James Scott place in the 
early morning by a man who was very much frightened at seeing 
him emerge from a hollow. The man ran back and gave the 
alarm. Scott's boys and others joined in the pursuit but were un- 
successful. The latest bear killed in these parts was found in 
Wawayanda mountain about 1860, and his skin was made into a 
lap robe. 

Deer were so plentiful in olden time that they formed a 
common food for the Indians. Fifty years ago they were killed 
upon the mountain about Oak Ridge. A herd of deer was also 
hunted on the Blue mountain on the line of the Hamburg and 
Milford turnpike road within a much more recent period. Very 


frequently they would come down from Pike county, and swim 
the Delaware, or cross upon the ice to reach our Sussex mountains. 
In 1836 vension was eaten from a deer, shot within a few miles 
of Hamburg. 

The Indians had much skill in smoking and dressing for 
preservation the skins of the animals they slew, and especially in 
preparing the buck-skin of which to a large extent their clothing 
was made. The furs of different animals were spread in their 
wigwams, or covered the dried grass of which their beds were 

The most venomous serpents were the rattlesnakes. These 
abounded in some localities and were objects of dread. Yet it is 
wonderful, that in proportion to their numbers and power for 
mischief, these reptiles destroyed so few of the lives of the early 

The men sometimes stripped bark from young white ash 
trees and tied it about their legs when they went upon surveying 
parties, or were working in places where they were much exposed. 
The rattlesnakes, it is said, would avoid the white ash, and if they 
did strike, their fangs could not penetrate beyond the bark. 

Immigrant families as they went through the woods in search 
of their new homes sometimes drove before them their swine, 
who were very ravenous in devouring the snakes, and because of 
the fat under their skin, suffered very little when they were bitten. 

The Indian dwellings were huts, called wigwams. The frame 
was made by driving poles into the ground and bending them over 
until they came together at the top. They were bound in their 
places by cords of hemp or thongs of leather. Stakes were driven 
to form the sides, and the roof was of bark. 

The early settlers had very primitive structures, but these 
were great improvements upon those of the Indians. They felled 
trees and scored them for the walls of their cabins, using: often 
the bark of chestnut trees for roofing. Afterwards shingles were 
split out of red oak trees, or pines when they could be found ; but 
for want of nails, slabs were frequently substituted. The doors 
were hung without iron hinges, and the window, if any, was 
unglazed. One room constituted the house. 


After a little time the capacit} 7 of their dwellings was doubled, 
by putting a second house close by, and near enough to have' 
one roof cover both, leaving a passage-way between. Sometimes 
this was wide enough for the storing of the farm implements or 
even the running in of a wagon. The doors [being opposite, the 
access was easy from one room to another. These were called 
double houses and saddle-bag houses. My grandmother described 
them as common in her youth. In such a house lived Peter 
Coulter, and the Itutans, and the Perry family towards Vernon 
sixty or seventy years ago. John McCoy lived in such a house 
on the bank of the Papakating creek. There were no saw mills, 
here at the erection of the earliest frame houses, and all the sawed 
lumber had to be hauled from a distance of many miles. 

The last log house in the village of Hamburg was the Sam 
Sidman house, with two rooms and two chimneys, standing near 
the site of Colonel Kemble's barn. 

The Indians cracked their corn in mortars with a pestle. The 
mortal's were sometimes made of stone but more frequently of 
some hard wood which would not split. For this they chose the 
gum tree or sweet balsam. Acquackanunck was so called by them, 
meaning (lie place of gum blocks. The pestle or pounder was of 
stone, which varied in length and weight. The whites were often 
obliged to do as the Indians before they had mills. Some old 
families have the stone pounders which were in use a hundred 
years ago by their ancestors, and which they received from the 

Previous to 1700 families of Hugenots, driven from France 
upon the revocation of the edict of Xantz, and exiled from 
Holland, had settled on the Hudson at the mouth of the Wallkill 
at Esopus, or Kingston. By penetrating into the country they 
reached the mouth of the Navarsink where another colony was 
formed. The name they gave the river testifies to the nationality 
of the settlers who conferred it, and who where once inhabitants of 
Navarre in France. So too, the name of our principal stream, the 
Wallkill river, which was named by the Holland settlers after the 
river Waal in the Low Lands. So Wallabout bay, Brooklyn Navy 
Yard, was named from the Waaloons, farmers from Holland. The 


Xavasink Colony sent some of its families over the Kittatinny 
mountain to find their homes in our part of the Wallkill Valley. 
Then from Kingston, by a more direct route following up the 
Wallkill, families of Huguenots and Hollanders strayed into this 
vicinity where they established themselves. 

The French and Dutch names still linger here, aud are borne 
by some of our families. Of these some retain the original 
spelling and pronunciation, and others may be recognized in some- 
what corrupted form. Thus we find names of French origin 
testifying to their Huguenot descent ; among whom we may place 
La Fountain, Ballou, Chardavoyne, Bevier, L'Hommedieu, 
Roy, &c. 

In a letter written from Quebec by M. de Denonville to the 
French Minister, dated 16th Nov., 1686, the writer says: "The 
same man from Manat told me that within a short time fifty or 
sixty men, Huguenots, arrived there from the Island of St. 
Christopher and Martinique, who are establishing themselves at 
Manat and its environs. I know that some have arrived at Boston 
from France. There again, are people to operate as Banditti," 
[Documentary History X. Y. 1: 225.] Some of these were an- 
cestors of our people. 

In 1700 there were few if any white settlers in the territory of 
Sussex county except in the Minisink region bordering upon the 
Delaware River. They are said to have gone there in search 
of minerals. A road had been constructed from Pahaquarry to 
Esopus, a distance of one hundred miles. It was the earliest work 
of any considerable length constructed by Europeans in North 
America. It is still a thoroughfare and remains an enduring 
monument cf the enterprise of the hardy Hollanders. [See 
Edsall's Centennial Address.] 

The Minisink region forms parts of New York, Pennsylvania 
and New Jersey. It includes the townships of Montague, Walpack 
and Sandyston in our county. When Wantage extended to the 
Delaware river it embraced a portion of the Minisink country. 
It was called by the Indians the country of the " Minsies," or 
separate people, because long before they separated from the 
Indians at Columbia and Belvidere, and passed by way of the 


Indian Ladder through the Water Gap to the other side of the 
Pohoqualin Mountain, which is a part of our Kittatinny or Blue 

In 1682 and succeeding years, while New Jersey was under 
a Quaker Governor, many persecuted Presbyterians came from 
Scotland to New Jersey and found their way in time to the 
northern part of the province. About 1730, families of English 
origin began to arrive in our vicinity. Some of these came from 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, some from Connecticut, and others 
from Long Island by way of Amboy and Elizabethtown. The 
proprietors of New Jersey encouraged immigration, with a desire 
to enhance the value of their lands, and held out inducements to 
settlers by making grants of land on easy terms. 

In David Brainard's diary, S May, 1744, he writes, "Travelled 
about forty-five miles to a place called Fishkill, and lodged there. 
Spent much of my time, while riding, in prayer that God would 
go with me to the Delaware. My heart was sometimes ready to sink 
with the thoughts of my work, and going alone in the wilderness, 
I knew not where." He crossed the Hudson, and went to Goshen 
in the Highlands ; and so travelled across the woods, from the 
Hudson to the Delaware, about a hundred miles, through a 
desolate and hideous country above New Jersey where were very 
few settlements ; in which journey he suffered much fatigue and 
hardship. He visited some Indians in the way, at a place called 
Minisink, and discoursed with them concerning Christianity. 
"Was m elan ch oily and disconsolate, being alone in a strange 
wilderness. On Saturday, May 12, came to a settlement of Irish 
and Dutch people, and proceeding about twelve miles further 
arrived at Sakhauwotung, an Indian settlement [near Easton] 
within the Forks of the Delaware," "28 May. Set out from the 
Indians above the Forks of the Delaware, on a journey towards 
Newark, in New Jersey, according to my orders. Rode through 
the wilderness ; was much fatigued with the heat ; lodged at a 
place called Black River [now Chester, Morris Co.]; was exceed- 
ingly tired and worn out." "17 Feb. 1745. Preached to the 
white people in the wilderness [somewhere in Warren Co.], upon 
the sunny side of a hill ; had a considerable assembly, consisting 


of people who lived, at least many of them, not less than thirty 
miles asunder ; some of them came near twenty miles." 

Smith describes Sussex Co., 1765, or twenty years later, 
as "a frontier, uot much improved and having but few 
inhabitants," while the act of 1768 giving Sussex the right to 
representation in the Legislature, says, "Whereas, the counties of 
Morris, Cumberland and Sussex are now become very populous, 
&c." When the Provincal authorities in 1709 defined the 
Ixmndaries of West Jersey, they included the territory of Sussex 
within the limits of Burlington. When Hunterdon was formed in 
1713 we belonged to that county ; when Morris, in 1738, we were 
included within its bounds. The Provincial Legislature by enact- 
ment, Sth June, 1753, established the county of Sussex. The 
name was given by Governor Jonathan Belcher in compliment 
to the Duke of New Castle, whose family seat was in Sussex 
Count} 7 , England. Some English miners from Sussex, England, 
had also opened an iron mine at Andos r er, which they called the 
Sussex mine. Walpack and New-Town Townships embraced 
nearly all of the present territory of our county until Wantage was 
formed from New-Town, May, 1751. Ilardyston from New-Town, 
1762. Ilardyston was named for Josiah Hardy, who was Gover- 
nor of New Jersey, 1761-1763. It included the present townships 
of Vernon and Sparta. Vernon was set off from it in 1792, and 
Sparta in 1845. 

When in 1738 Morris county was erected, the northern part 
of New Jersey began to attract attention. This region from a 
remote period had been the favorite residence of the Indians, but 
the migration to hunting grounds more remote made their 
population sparse. The wise policy of the Proprietors of East 
New Jersey, under whom we now came after the county's 
erection, greatly promoted its early settlement. Representa- 
tions of the great fertility of the lands, the abundance of game, 
the fewness of the Indians, and the many other inducements 
offered, were freely circulated, and adventurous sons of the first 
European settlers, as well as many new comers, turned their faces 
northward. The tide of immigration flowed in until the people 
in 1750 petitioned the Provincial Authorities to form a new 


county, and relieve them from the inconvenience and expense of 
attending the courts at Morristown. The Assembly, 8th June, 1753, 
passed " An act for erecting the upper part of Morris county, in 
Is ew Jersey, into a separate county to be called the county of 
Sussex, and for building a Court House and goal." The first court 
of justice was held November, 1753, in Jonathan Pettit's house in 
Ilardwick, near where Johnsonsburg now is, and in which vicinity 
the "Log Goal" was built. The courts continued here 
until February, 1756, when they were ordered to be held in 
New-Town. Henry Harelocker was a Hollander, who built a log 
cabin on the site of Newton, on lands of Jonathan Hampton, about 
the year 1750. There was not another cabin for miles around in 
any direction. The question of location for the Court House was 
under discussion. The courts had been held in Ilardwick near 
Log Jail, now Johnsonsburg ; Stillwater put forth strong claims 
for the selection ; but the act of Assembly, 1761, directed the Court 
House to be erected upon the plantation occupied by Harelocker, 
doubtless through the influence of Jonathan Hampton who owned 
the land. Several pieces of ground in the vicinity were donated 
and sold, and other dwellings were put up. This was the beginning 
of Newton, which was long called Sussex Court House, and bore 
that name for four years after it was given a post office, from March 
20th, 1793 to July 1st, 1707. The Indians called it the " Side 
Hill Town," Chinkchewunska, in their language. 


( )ur population was increased by the arrival of many new fami- 
lies, until 1755. In this year on the 8th of July General Braddock 
was defeated on the banks of the Monongahela river. This defeat 
gave the Indians very exalted opinions of French power and 
martial ability, and they listened more readily to the emissaries 
sent to induce them to plunder the English settlements. There 
was much alarm, and rumors came of the hostile disposition of the 
Indians, but this was not believed of those who had so long lived 
at peace with our settlers along the Delaware. Teedyuscung, the 
great Indian King, declared that they went upon the war path, 
not so much to please the French, as to maintain their own rights, 
and to retaliate for the wrongs they suffered. White men were 


everywhere imposing upon them, and would often induce the 
Indians to drink, that they might rob them while intoxicated, or 
gain their signatures to agreements giving away their lands. 
Claims were often set up, founded upon agreements made with 
Indians, who bargained away what did not belong to them, — 
the white men then driving off the rightful possessors. The evic- 
tion of the christian Indians from their settlements in Burlington 
County, and the dishonesty of William Penn's agents, aroused at 
last their resentment. They felt that nothing was secure and 
after many council fires, war upon white men was begun. The 
New Jersey Legislature, alarmed by the hostilities in Pennsylvania 
and the bloodshed along our western border, appointed commis- 
sioners who held a convention at Crosswicks, in 1756, and in 
accordance with an agreement there made, a bill was passed upon 
the assembling of the Legislature the next year, removing some 
of the difficulties of which the Indians complained. Among these 
were intrusions upon lands they had never sold, the insisting upon 
forged deeds, and the ruthless, destruction of the deer upon which 
they largely depended for subsistence. This commission pre- 
served the peace in the lower counties, but the Minisink and Wap- 
ping and other Indians committed twenty-seven murders on our 
side of the Delaware within one year from May, 1757, besides 
carrying away many captives. 

The alarm was so great that two terms of court, which was 
now for the first time removed from near Jolmsonsburg and ap- 
pointed at the house of Thomas Wolverton in New Town, were 
not held, " by reason of troublesome times with the Indians." 
Judge VanCampen repaired to Elizabeth town, by express, to lay 
before the Governor and Council the exposed condition of Sussex 
County. The Provincial Authorities " authorized the erection of 
four block houses, 27 Dec. 1755, at suitable distances from each 
other, near the River Delaware, in the County of Sussex," and 
ordered the enlistment of 250 men to garrison them. Westfall's 
block house was the most northerly, and the one at the mouth of 
the Pequest the most southerly, with two between them. The one 
in AValpack was named Fort Nomanock. The forts were rapidly 
built and garrisoned, and all preparations made for defense. Much 


zeal was shown for enlistment, and with tidings of every fresh 
murder new recruits offered themselves as avengers of their fallen 
countrymen. It is a matter of regret that our records of that 
garrison life are so meagre, and that we have so few of the names 
of the volunteers. This township was doubtless represented 
among the troops who formed the garrisons. Parties of Indians 
sometimes came in between the forts, and would attack isolated 
families, and murder or take them prisoners. 

Robert Price, the grandfather of our venerable elder Samuel 
O. Price, of the North Church, was long in their hands. "When 
a small boy, he was taken a prisoner by the Indians at one of the 
massacres in the Eastern States. He and bis mother were 
marched off together, and she being somewhat conversant with 
the language of the savages, soon learned from their conversation 
and gestures that she was herself to be dispatched, and told her 
son. She said to him that he must not cry when they killed her, 
or they would kill him too. She marched only a few rods farther 
before she was killed, and the boy was adopted by a squaw who had 
lost her own child a few days previous. lie lived with the Indians 
until he was over twenty-one years old and was then rescued by 
lils friends. It was a long time before he became thoroughly 
reconciled to civilized society, and he sometimes expressed a desire 
to return to the Indians, but the feeling gradually wore away. 
Several years after his release he removed to Frankford Township." 
[Barber & Howe]. He died 15th Jan. 1782, fifty-one years of 
age, and is buried, with Abigail, his wife, in the Plains burying 

His son John married for his second wife Susannah Hover, 
whose father, Manuel Hover, was also captured by the Indians and 
then rescued very much as Robert Price above mentioned. So 
that both the grandfathers of Mr. S. O. Price were in their boyhood 
captives in the hands of the red men. Manuel Hover, captain of 
militia, lived to quite an old age and told many incidents of those 
troublous times. Once a party of Indians had been driven off, 
leaving one of their number dead, and scalped. The scalp was 
brought into the house and hung on a nail in a closet. At night 
there was a great rapping at the door, but the inmates could see no 


one. Another night the dogs barked most furiously and an at- 
tack was expected, but none was made. They learned later 
that a party of Indians swam part way across the river and then 
turned back. 

A son of Colonel Oliver Spencer, and grandson of Robert 
Ogden, Sr., of Ogdensburg, was, somewhat later, captured and 
carried far west, and thence to Canada. He was believed to be 
living, and great efforts were made to secure his release, but this 
was not eftected until he was a grown man. His return to his 
friends was made a matter of treaty with the Indians, and through 
the interposition of the British authorities, \vho agreed that he 
should be given up at the request of the United States govern- 

In June, 1758, Governor Bernard, of New Jersey secured a 
conference which was held at the Forks of the Delaware, near 
Easton, which the Indians termed the place of their " Old Council 
Fire." He attended, himself, with the commissioners, and with 
magistrates and freeholders from botli States of New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania. Fourteen different tribes were represented by five 
hundred and seven Indians who sat down in the council. Our 
State had already appropriated £1,60C to extinguish Indian claims, 
and it was agreed that £1,000 more should be added for damages, 
and the Indians should forever renounce all claims to lands on the 
east side of the river. Our frontier by these means was freed 
from Indian aggression from the time of the treaty until the war 
of the Revolution. 

Through the labors of Brainerd and the Moravian missionaries, 
numbers of the Indians had already been converted to Christianity, 
and the way was now open for more successful labor among them. 
The King, Teedyuscung, who had been a leader in the war, at 
the conference declared his purpose to settle with his people in 
Wyoming, where he would build a town such as white men live 
in, and have the religion of Christ preached to them and the 
children instructed in schools. He passed the winter at Bethlehem, 
and the next spring carpenters were sent to the site of his new 
town, who built him a house, around which his tribe put up many 
of their lodges. Here he lived for five years, until his house was 


lired at night by his treacherous enemies, the Iroquois, and the 
king of the Delawares was burned to death. 

The following may be regarded as the closing history of the 
Delawares : " When first discovered by the whites they were 
living on the banks of the Delaware river. Early in the 17th 
century the Dutch commenced trading with them under friendly 
relations. Subsequently William Penn bought large tracts of land 
from them, moving them inland. A war followed this purchase, 
the Indians alleging they had been defrauded, but, with the 
assistance of the Six Nations, the whites forced them back west 
of the Alleghany mountains. In 1789 they were placed upon a 
reservation in Ohio, and in 1818 were moved to Missouri. Various 
removals followed until 1866, when they accepted lands in severalty 
in the Indian Territory, and gave up the tribal relation. They 
are now living in civilized fashion, and have become useful and 
prosperous citizens. They number between 1,000 and 1,100." 
[Encyclopedia Brittanica.] 




No certain date can be given for the arrival of the first settlers 
within the limits of Hardyston. Several cabins were built on the / 
site of the village of Hamburg near 1740. Colonel Isaac Cary 
had already built his log house on the site of the present North 
Church, where his son Isaac Cary, Junior, was born, 1742. By 
1750 there were enough Presbyterian families in the vicinity to 
hold religious meetings in their own dwellings. 

Joseph Walling, Sr., came in very early. He owned a 
tract of land extending from the Wallkill, and the lands of the 
Sharps and the Lawrences, for nearly a mile east. He lived at 
first in a log house, but, about 1750, erected his frame dwelling. 
Some have called this the first frame house in Hamburg. At any 


rate, it was superior to all that had preceded it, and standing on 
the State road, was for more than a century the central landmark 
of the village. The house was licensed as an inn, and on ancient 
maps the place is designated as " YVallings." It was consumed by 
fire in 1859 and the house of Richard E. Edsall now stands upon 
its site. 

When General Washington, during the Revolutionary War, 
passed through from Newburg to Easton, he is said to have dined 
at the stone house of Colonel John Hathorn, this side of Warwick, 
to have spent the night in the Walling house, and the night 
following at New Town, where he was entertained by Thomas 
Ai^derson, assistant Quartermaster of the Continental army. The 
room is still shown in the Anderson house where he slept. 

The story is rather mythical that Mrs. Washington accom- 
panied him, and after breakfast walked in the garden of the 
Walling house and brought back a roll of blue carded wool which 
had blown out of the hall, remarking " It was worth saving." 

Joseph Walling, Jr., built what is commonly called the 
Samuel Riggs house, which is still standing. There he died at 
the age of twenty-four, leaving three children, Francis, Joseph 
and Polly. The land passed out of their hands. Francis, when 
grown, lived at Amity, but returned for one year to Hamburg and 
worked at the tanner's trade. They were ancestors of the Wallings 
now living among us. 

Francis Inman, second son of Joseph Walling, Sr., removed 
to Montague, and the daughter went to Western New York. 

Samuel Fitz Randolph removed from Piscataway, near New 
Jirunswick, and came into possession of the Walling tract. He 
married Elizabeth Hull and lived in the Walling house for a few 
years, and there his son Jeptha was born in 1TS0. Samuel died 
in his thirty-third year, and his tombstone is in Papakating grave 
yard. His widow married again and had children by her second 
husband. His son Jeptha, born in Hamburg, died near Beemer- 
villein 1863. Jeptha's son, Samuel Fitz Randolph, owns the farm, 
formerly Colonel Cary's, at the North Church where he now 
resides. Reuben, son of Samuel, Sr., was Major of Militia during 
the late war with England. When a levy of Sussex troops 


was sent to Sandy Hook, he was in failing health, and paid quite 
a sum for exemption money. 

Henry Simpson, who had previously removed from Long 
Island to Baskingridge, came here in 1750. His lands lay east of 
the AValling tract extending to McAfee Valley. His second wife 
was the Widow Elizabeth Cross, supposed to have been related to 
the family of the celebrated Rev. John Cross, of Baskingridge 
She was a woman of some cultivation and an ardent Presbyterian. 
Henry Simpson's son, Henry 2d, married her daughter by her, 
first husband. From these ancestors are descended most of the 
Simpsons of this vicinity. They lived at first in log houses, but 
after a while Henry 2d built the frame dwelling which was only 
recently taken down to make room for the new house of Ora 

Henry Simpson 3d, was born in this house 1757. He died 
in 1841, on the William Edsall farm below the mountain, where 
he lived. He married Marcy Pettit, who was born 1757, and died 
1831. He was a Revolutionary soldier and is mentioned in N. J. 
Official Register, page 753. His son John, at the time of his en- 
listment, was too young to serve in the ranks, and was transfered 
as teamster to Captain Dunn's Team Brigade. 

Mary, daughter of Henry 2d, was born at McAfee Valley L7t'»U, 
and died at Rudeville, 1851. She married James, commonly 
called " Coby," Edsall, a Revolutionary soldier and pensioner. 

Isaac Gary, Sr., lived in a log house which stood, as nearly 
as can be ascertained, on the site of the present North Church. At 
that time most of the region was an unbroken wilderness inhab- 
ited mainly by Indians. The date of his arrival is unknown, but 
his son Isaac was born here in 1712. He came into possession of 
at least two extensive tracts of land, one in the vicinity of his 
dwelling and the other above Upper Hamburg, or Hardystonville, 
as it is now frequently called. He took part, it is supposed, in the 
French and Indian war in 1757, and was said to have been an 
officer in the army of the Revolutionary war, although his name 
does not appear in the Official Register among the New Jersey 
troops. lie was known as " Old Colonel Caiy," designating his 
venerable years and his military rank. Everv mention of him is 


respectful, and we may regard him as a man of honor and piety. 
He was a leading man in Colonial times and exerted much influ- 
ence. He was largely instrumental in the erection of the first 
North Church, which stood in the grave yard and always bore the 
name of " C ary's Meeting House." 

As early as 1750, Presbyterians in the vicinity held religious 
meetings in their own homes. When the matter of building a 
house of worship was agitated, Colonel Gary insisted that it should 
be on the hill above his house, and carried his point. This state- 
ment was made by the late Judge Richard R. Morris. The date 
of the erection of the meeting house is unknown, but the oldest 
date upon the tombstones in the yard is 1774. 

Colonel Cary's grave is unmarked by any stone, but is still 
pointed out by his descendants and is near the old brown head- 
stone of his son. 

Isaac Cary, Jr., was born in his father's log house on the 
site of the present North Church, February, 1742, and lived in 
the old house which stood on the corner of the road until taken 
down by J. B. Monnell. He married Eunice Beardslee, who 
was born in 1751, and who died in 1850, at the age of 9S years, 
at the house of Captain Goble, of Sparta, her son-in-law. Her 
recollection was very distinct of many occurrences of her youth. 
At the time of her birth her parents were living upon Hamburg 
Mountain. There were rumors of Indian troubles, and for secur- 
ity her father built a log house against the rocks, where a cave 
behind made a second room, in which she was born. This was 
near where the Gate House stood in later times. 

The North Church lands of Isaac Cary, Jr., passed into the 
hands of the Beardslee family, and he removed to upper Hamburg 
and lived upon another tract of land inherited from his father, 
now constituting the Rude farms in that vicinity, and adjoining 
the property of Henry AV. Couplin. lie lived in the log house 
which stood on the opposite side of the road from Jonathan 
Dymock's house. He had two sons, John and Mahlon, and six 
daughters. Maria, married a Rude ; Nancy, Captain Isaac 
Goble ; Hannah, William Reeves, who built the Jonathan Dym- 
ock house, became a Methodist minister, and removed to Newark ; 


Polly married Henry Edsall, and, after his death, kept the moun- 
tain turnpike gate and was the mother of Benjamin PI. Edsall ; 
Phebe married William Osborne, a blacksmith, who changed the 
log house, after it came into his possession, into a blacksmith shop ; 
Emiline married a Heminover. Isaac Cary, Jr., was a mag- 
istrate, and his headstone at the North Church reads, " Sacred to 
the memory of Isaac Cary, Esquire, who died January 18th, 1791, 
aged 48 years and 11 months." 

Captain John B. Cary, the eldest son of Isaac, Jr., was born 
at the North Church and lived for many years in Upper Ham- 
burg, until he removed to Sparta township. He commanded one 
of the four companies of the Second Sussex Militia that went to 
Sandy Hook in 1812. After the war he was Captain for a time 
of the Hamburg Cavalry Company. He married Hannah Ham- 
mond, who died in 1888, aged 85 years, and is buried beside him 
in Sparta church yard. 

The Hamburg Cavalry Company was composed of young 
men who owned their own horses and accoutrements. They wore 
the Continental uniform with leather helmets and long horse-hair, 
feathers. Some of their uniforms were in existence until recently 
and a sword or two is yet shown. 

Charles Beardslee, Sr., was born in 1742 and died March 
5th, 1803. He was said to have been a Revolutionary soldier, 
and was called "Colonel." His parents were living on the Hamburg 
Mountain in 1751, at the time of the birth of his sister Eunice. 
He lived with Colonel Cary at the North Church and is supposed 
to have married his daughter. Pie was twenty years of age at the 
time of the birth of his son, Charles, Jr. All the Cary tract of 
land finally came into the possession of his descendants. Part of 
the lands came to the Beardslees by inheritance, and through 
intermarriage, and other portions by purchase. The North 
Church tract, comprising fifteen hundred or more acres, is now 
divided into eight good sized farms. Upon it Charles Beardslee 
built several houses for himself and his sons. 

Charles Beardslee, Jr., was born in 1762 and died in 1818. 
His wife was a Schofield. Samuel Beardslee, their son, was born 
in 1813, and died in 1863. He married Sarah Kimble, born in 


1813, and died in 187T. They were the parents of Samuel A. 
Beardrfee, who died in 1881, in his forty-first year. 

George was Captain of a Company of Sussex 2d Regt., and 
took his company to Sandy Hook during the war of 1812. He 
lived in the stone house on the Lantz farm, which was commonly 
called the "Plains farm," and upon which were the Hemp meadow, 
the Potash works, and a brick kiln. He was a very active busi- 
ness man. He engaged in iron manufacture and ran a forge at 
SnufFtown ; but iron making did not prove profitable, and, his 
estate becoming involved, he sold out and removed in 1837, with 
all his family, to Michigan. 

John lived in the Samuel F. Randolph house, and kept a tavern, 
lie married Susan Gary for his second wife. After his death she 
kept the public house for many years. His son Beverly lived in 
the old parsonage, now the sexton's house, built in 178S, and mar- 
ried Ann, daughter of Captain Christopher Longstreet. Beverly 
was drowned in Lake Grinnell while fishing. Edward, another 
son, lived on the Darrah place until he removed AVest. Sibella, a 
daughter, married Joseph Linn, who kept store at Monroe Corners. 
The sign painted on the house, "Monroe Store, " gave name to the 
cross roads. Another daughter married one of the Wellings, of 

Morrison lived on the farm owned by Judge Haines for 
many years, and now by Edward Case. He built the house and 
cleared the fields, which were then thickly covered with timber. 

Samuel lived on the Peter Wilson farm and built the house. 
His wife was Hannah, daughter of Major Blain, of Orange county. 
Their daughter Abbey married Thomas L. Wilson. 

James lived in the old house yet standing near the Fowler 

Thomas was an elder in the North Church, and married 
Rachel, daughter of Ebenezer Tuttle. They were church mem- 
bers previous to the separation of Sparta and the North Church, 
in 1819. Their home was on the Demarest farm, east from 
Turtle's Corner, in Lafayette township. They removed in 1831. 

Ebenezer Tuttle owned the Mark Congleton farm and 
lived in a house which was burned, near Monroe Corners. He 


united with the church in 1820 and died in 1S34. His son Samuel 
married Lydia, daughter of James Hopkins, and lived at the Big 
Spring on the farm his wife inherited, where he built the stone 
house. He sold the place to his brother-in-law, Jacob Kimble, 
and bought the Zebulon Sutton, now Rutherford farm, near 
Franklin Furnace. He was an Elder of the North Church from 
1823 until his death in 1861. His wife died in 1868. 

James Hamilton was born at sea. He was a young man, a 
carpenter in Philadelphia, during the Revolutionary war. After 
the capture of the city, in 1777, by the enemy, he was claimed as a 
British subject and taken forcibly to a man-of-war anchored in 
the river. One night he tied his clothes together and threw him- 
self, with his bundle, into the water. The current was so swift 
that he lost his clothes and reached the shore naked, but he went 
into the town and climbed up by the window of his boarding 
house and reached his own room. In the morning when the 
woman, who had charge of the room, entered, she was surprised 
to find the bed occupied. He asked her to bring him a suit of his 
clothes and to say nothing about him. He escaped, and came to 
Orange Co. to a Mrs. Hinchman's house. A troop of tories and 
British came in pursuit of -him. Mrs. Ilinchman concealed him 
in a large barrel over which she spread flax, and then prepared a 
good dinner for the troopers, with plenty of cider, and they went 
away without discovering the fugitive prisoner. After the war, 
Hamilton worked at his trade, and, going to Frankford, met and 
married Sarah Price, daughter of Francis Price, and grandaughter 
of Robert, who was captured by the Indians. After the birth of 
his son Benjamin, he engaged to build a grist mill near the Dela- 
ware River. He built a log house in a lonely place which he had 
selected, but had no materials for window or door # Here he had 
to leave his wife and child for days while he went away to his 
work. She closed the entrance at night with her table and a bed 
quilt. She was frequently awakened in terror by the wolves 
which came prowling around the cabin, but they never broke the 
feeble barrier. James Hamilton built the Lawrence mansion, 
1794. The eldest son, born in 1781, was named for an uncle, 
Benjamin, in Philadelphia, who sent money to pa} r for his school- 


ing. He conducted many suits at law in Justices Courts, and be- 
came Brigadier General of Militia and had a prominent part at the 
general trainings, which were formerly held every year. He was 
a member of the Legislature, and for several years represented 
Sussex in the State Council. He died in 1864. His wife was 
Sally Edsall, who died in 1874, in the 95th year of her age. She 
was a woman of remarkable ability of mind and of attractive 
character. She retained her memory to the last, and we are in- 
debted to her for much information respecting olden times. 

Col. Robert Hamilton, their son, was member of Congress ; 
and Major Fowler Hamilton, another son, showed great gallantry 
in the Mexican war, and died soon after in Texas, while on mili- 
tary service. Benjamin Hamilton, Jr., practiced law in Newton, 
was a member of the Legislature, and died in early manhood. 

Francis Hamilton, another son of James, was named for his 
mother's father. He married the eldest daughter of Joseph Sharp, 
Jr., Nancy (or Anne), who was brought up by her grandmother, 
Grace Sharp, the Quakeress, who gave them a large sum of 
money to purchase the farm where they lived. This farm was 
purchased by Dr. Samuel Fowler, sometime previously, for$S per 
acre. Peter Fountain worked it for him for a number of years 
and never owned a horse during that time, using oxen. Dr. Fow- 
ler sold it for $22 per acre ; and in more recent times it has been 
valued as high as $120 per acre. 

Esther Hamilton, daughter of James, married Colonel Joseph 
E. Edsall. 

Thomas Hamilton, another son, lived in Hamburg and mar- 
ried Elizabeth Hoffman, (familiarly called Aunt Betsy), a woman 
noted for her kindness of heart and earnest piety. 

Michael Rorick was of Dutch descent. He was born April 
10th, 1749, in Bergen County, and came to Franklin Furnace 
about 1765, in the employ of the men who built and ran the earl- 
iest forge there. He was then but seventeen years old, and drove 
an ox team for carting around the forge. By careful saving he 
gathered a little property, and some years later secured a tract of 
wild land, embracing several hundred acres, on the west bank of 
the Wallkill, above the forge. He lived at first in a log house, but 


afterwards built the frame dwelling which stood an hundred years, 
and was burned after the construction of the N. Y., Susquehanna 
A: Western Railroad, which ran beside it. The house was at that 
time occupied by his grandson, Samuel Losey, who inherits that 
portion of the homestead farm. 

Michael Rorick, in 1774, married Lucretia Hardin, who was 
born in Massachusetts, February 21st, 1752. The region around 
their home was a vast forest, with the exception of the little clear- 
ing where there had been a small Indian settlement, and within 
which their house was erected. An old Indian trail crossed the 
Kill at what is still called " The Ford," where the water is shal- 
low and runs with nearly a uniform depth over a pebbly bottom 
It then passed along up the stream on the edge of the meadow 
and upland, very near where the road was formerly located. The 
trails were very narrow foot-paths, where the Indians walked in 
single tile, one behind another; for it is said they never went two 
abreast, and so disturbed as little as possible the foliage along 
their foot-paths. Traces of the Indian occupation may still be 
seen in the fruit trees, some of which, planted by them, are yet, 
after all these years, standing and bearing in their season 
blossoms and fruit. The apples are of peculiar variety, the plums 
of the common red sort, while the cherries are of three kinds — 
red, yellow and black. 

It was with difficulty Rorick could preserve his sheep from 
the attack of wolves which abounded in the country. To save his 
flock, he constructed caves in the side hill into which they were 
driven at night. One morning, at break of day, the cry of the 
wolves was heard just opposite the house, and one of the men ran 
out and fired at them. They fled to the kill and passed over it in 
two or three jumps, making the water fly and shaking themselves 
from the wet as soon as they were over, w T hen they started for the 
mountain on the east side. A hunt was organized by several 
men, who saw nothing that day of the wolves, but killed a bear 
and several wild cats in Bear Swamp, then an almost impenetrable 
jungle on the mountain near the Losey pond. The passage way 
for wild beasts from the Wild Cat Mountain to the Munson moun- 
tain seemed to run very near the house, and frequently the cry of 


the panther, as well as the howl of the wolf, was heard at night. 

The Indians were occasional visitors for years after the set- 
tlement. A rock on the Wild Cat Mountain, whose top overhangs 
its base, was occasionally the halting place at night for their 
warriors and hunters. One day a warrior, decorated with red 
paint and naked to the waist, presented himself at the door with 
a demand for food. He said he would tell them where there was 
a lead mine if they would feed him. "When his hunger was ap- 
peased, he said the mine was under a clump of trees in the bend 
of the river. No searching has ever yet been able to verify the 
saying of the Indian. 

Michael and his wife were very exemplary in their lives and 
firm in their religious belief. Their four sons and six daughters, 
who survived childhood, were trained in the knowledge of the 
Scriptures and to follow their godly example. The parents were 
among the ten corporate members who formed the Franklin Bap- 
ist Church at its organization, December 11th, 1823. 

When Michael died, October 28th, 1832, at the age of eighty- 
four years, and Lucretia, September 12th, 1834, aged eighty-two, 
they were buried in the grave yard of the Franklin Church- In 
March, 1832, Michael put all his property into the hands of two 
trustees, who were to furnish him and his w T ife a good, comforta- 
ble and ample support, and divide the remainder of the income 
among his heirs apparent, while he and his wife survived, and 
after their death, make equal division of all his estate among his 

Garret Kemble's grandfather came from Devonshire, Eng- 
land, with his wife and four sons. Three of the sons entered the 
Revolutionary army, two of them losing their lives during the 
war, and the survivor afterwards settling in Virginia. William, 
the youngest son, studied medicine and practiced in that part of 
Bergen County which is now Northern Passaic. He married 
Elizabeth Cole, of Holland descent, and lived at Oak Ridge. He 
had a large family of hardy children, but died himself in middle 

Garret was born near Oak Ridge, September 4th, 1793. He 
came to Sussex County in 1S12, in his nineteenth year, and enter- 


ed the employ of Captain George Beardslee on his farm in the 
vicinity of the North Church. When New York city was threat- 
ened by the British, during the second war, Captain Beardslee 
marched his company to Sandy Hook, and young Kemble had the 
entire management of the farm. This was conducted to the satis- 
faction of his employer, who encouraged him to bring here his 
mother and her three youngest children. He was remarkable for 
great physical strength, and his industry and integrity made him 
respected by all. He married, in 1818, Ann Carnes, daughter of 
Michael and Lucretia Rorick, who was born 1795 and named by 
Mrs. Ann Carnes Newman, the blind wife of Emanuel Newman, 
who lived in the J. Ludlum Munson house. After their mar- 
riage, Michael Rorick built a house for them, and they lived upon 
the farm which Mrs. Kemble inherited from him, until their 
death. The house and farm remained in the family until recently. 
Mrs. Kemble died in 1877, aged eighty-two years, and Garret 
Kemble in 1881, in his ninety-first year. They united with the 
Baptist Church of Franklin in 1824, and were esteemed and use- 
ful members, distinguished for consistent piety and fidelity to the 
Christian profession. Garret was ordained a Deacon in 1828, and 
held the office until his death. 

Two brothers, named Sutton, of Huguenot descent, settled in 
Morris County before the war of the Revolution. Captain Jona- 
than Sutton, the son of one of the brothers, was in the Continental 
army. At the close of the war he came to Sparta, and from thence 
to Hardyston, where he resided until his death, in 1818. He was 
an Elder in the Sparta Church. Some of his descendants imi- 
grated to the West and some still reside in the vicinity. 

Jacob Sutton, Sr., son of Captain Jonathan, married Hannah 
Rorick, eldest daughter of Michael and Lucretia Rorick. They 
had six sons. The eldest son, Michael B., owned a farm on which 
he lived, one mile northeast from the New Prospect School 
House. He, his wife and children, were members of the North 
Church. He was a very active member of the congregation. 
Removing to Michigan, he died in advanced years. His eldest 
son is Rev. Dr. Ford Sutton, of New York city, a son-in-law of 
the late Horace Holden, a man well known in the religious world. 


Jacob Sutton^ Jr., lived on lands formerly owned by George 
Buckley, near New Prospect School House. He married a 
daughter of Martin Cox, of Wantage, in 1825. They are both 
living at an advanced age at Monroe Corners. 

Jonathan Sutton, another son of Jacob, Sr., lived on the West 
Mountain road on the second farm from the school house. He 
was an active member of the North Church, a man of considerable 
enterprise, removed to Andover, and afterwards to Michigan. 

West Mountain was formerly called Ireland. Samuel Knox 
came from Ireland, with his wife Rose, who united with the North 
Church in 1S26. When there was special religious interest at the 
North Church, Rev. Mr. Fairchild visited them and urged their 
attendance upon the meetings. The wife, with her daughters, 
spun and wove the yarn and cloth to furnish a new suit of clothes 
for her husband that he might attend church. One evening the 
father, mother, sons and daughters came for the first time to 
church. The house was filled, and, coming in late, they had some 
difficulty in finding seats. The father, and several of the sons and 
daughters, were converted while the series of meetings continued. 
The descendants of Samuel and Rose Knox have been excellent 
citizens and useful in church and state. Jeannett married Samuel 
Morrow, of Hamburg, and afterwards of Wantage. They edu- 
cated their sons, and five of them entered the legal profession and 
attained to high civil positions. 

James Scott lived at Franklin, near where Col. Samuel Fow- 
ler built the stone house. He was a contractor in building the 
Paterson and Hamburg Turnpike road, and is said to have made 
considerable money by his contract. Scott's Hill, on the turnpike, 
is called after him. He invested in land and became well off. He 
had several sons and left to each of them a good farm. He gave 
$100 toward building the North Church, in 1S13. His brother, 
Ben Scott, was a man of powerful frame and noted for great 

Garrett Van Blarcom was the son of a Revolutionary sol- 
dier, born in Bergen County, 17S0, and married to Mary Degraw, 
in 1804. He served in the war of 1S12, was a mason by trade, 
and came to New Prospect 1820. His death, in 1831, was caused 


by a fall from a haymow by which his back was broken. On his 
death bed he summoned his sons and neighbors around him 
and most earnestly counseled them to seek religion and 
lead holy lives. He and his wife were devoted Christians 
and members of the North Church. They had two sons, 
Samuel and William. Their grandson, Garret S. Van Blarcom, 
son of Samuel, was struck by a locomotive on the Sussex 
Railroad, and instantly killed. Captain Lewis Van Blarcom, 
another grandson, and son of William and his wife Catherine 
Sutton, was a student at law with M. R. Kemble, of Hamburg, 
for one year, and afterwards with John Linn, at Newton. He 
went out with the 15th Regiment, N. J. Vols., was wounded and 
captured at Spottsylvania, May 8th, 1864, and his leg amputated. 

Martin Ryerson, with his brothers, came to Sussex County 
in 1770. They were descendants of Martin Ryerson, of Flatbush, 
Long Island, who emigrated from Amsterdam previous to 1063. 
Martin purchased the Walling property and, in 1800, made his 
home in Hamburg. He died at Hamburg, in the house built by 
Dr. Fowler, November 1S20, at the age of seventy-two. His 
wife was Rhoda Hull, and among their six children were David 
Ryerson, of Newton, well known in business circles, and as Presi- 
dent of the Sussex Bank, Thomas C. Ryerson, and Elizabeth, 
who married Robert A. Linn. 

Thomas Cox Ryerson was born in 1788, at Myrtle Grove, 
and came to Hamburg with his father in 1800. His early life 
was spent upon the farm, but having a taste for study, Ills father 
sent him to Princeton College, where he graduated in 1809. 
After a course of legal study in the office of Job Stockton Hal- 
stead, he was admitted to the practice of law. He married Han- 
nah Amelia Jarvis Ogden, the daughter of Robert Ogden 3d, of 
Sparta, and lived with his father in the house built by Dr. Fow- 
ler, frequently called the "L'Hominedieu house," where his son, 
the late Judge Martin Ryerson, of Newton, was born September 
17th, 1815. Mr. I^yerson's law office was a small building on the 
side of the public road, and was afterwards used by Daniel 
Haines, when he first began the practice of law in Hamburg, in 
1 824. He was a member of the State Council for two years, and, 


in 1834, was chosen Justice of the Supreme Court. He died ira 
1838, while in office. He was a man of the firmest independence 
and strictest integrity. As a lawyer, he was well read and an 
earnest advocate, having great influence over the courts and juries 
in the counties where he practiced. As a judge, he was held in 
the highest esteem, and had the confidence of the bar and the 
general public. In 1820 he exchanged lands with his brother-in- 
law, Robert A. Linn, and removed to Newton. His second son 
was Thomas Byerson, an eminent and well known physician, who 
died in Newton, May 27th, 1887. His youngest son, Col. Henry 
Ogden Ryerson, after a brave and honorable service in the late 
war, was killed in the battle of the Wilderness, in Virginia, May 
7th, 1864. 

Alexander McEowen was born in Kilaron, in the Isle of 
Isle, Scotland, in the year 1730, and reached Philadelphia when 
eleven years of age. He accompanied the family of Andrew 
Kirkpatrick in their journey on foot across the State to Basking- 
ridge, where he made his home in after life. He married, Feb- 
ruary 20th, 1766, Mary Cross, daughter of the celebrated Rev. 
John Cross, and died April 27th, 1777. His son was Hugh Mc- 
Eowen, and his granddaughter, Matilda, the wife of Rev. Dr. 
Elias R. Fairchild. 

Rev. John Cross left a number of sons and daughters, several 
of whom were quite young at his death, and were brought up by 
his widow, Deborah. Joseph Cross, of Baskingridge, was a grand- 
son, and his daughter, Caroline, was the mother of Joseph E. 
Sheldon, of Hamburg. 

Joseph Linn was born in 1725 and died at Harmony Vale, 
April 8th, 1S00. lie married Martha Kirkpatrick, of Basking- 
ridge, who was born in Scotland, 1723, and died March 7th, 1791. 
After their marriai e they lived, first in Hunterdon County, then 
near Johnsonsburg, in Hard wick township, and later, removed to 
Harmony Vale. 

Andrew Kirkpatrick, with his sons, John and David, and 
his daughters, Martha and Elizabeth, and also his brother Alexan- 
der and family, removed from Wattie's Neach, Dumfrieshire, Scot- 
land, the place of their birth, to Belfast, Ireland, about 1725. In 


1736 they embarked for America, landed at New Castle, Dela- 
ware, crossed the river at Philadelphia and wandered up through 
Xew Jersey, reaching Bound Brook. Finally they settled on the 
southern slope of Round Mountain, near Baskingridge. They 
were all on foot, and much of the way there were no other roads 
but the Indian paths. 

David Kirkpatrick was twelve years old when his father 
came to this country. For one hundred years the Kirkpatrick 
family were prominent in the Presbyterian Church of Basking- 

Andrew Linn, M. D., son of Joseph and Martha Kirkpat- 
rick, was born in Hardwick township, in 1755. His youth was 
spent at Harmony Vale. He studied medicine with Dr. Samuel 
Kennedy, who lived near the "Log Goal." In the war of the Rev- 
olution he was Adjutant of the Second Sussex Regiment. He 
began the practice of medicine at Monroe Corners, and, after his 
marriage, removed to Newton, where he died April, 1799. He 
lived in a stone house, which was afterwards enlarged by a frame 
and brick structure by his son Robert, and where Judge Thomas 
C. Ryerson afterwards lived. His practice was very large. He 
was highly popular and regarded as an excellent physician. He 
married Ann Carnes, of Bladensburg, Maryland, whose brother, 
Thomas, was Member of the Third U. S. Congress, from Geor- 
gia. She was on a visit to her blind aunt, Mrs. Ann Carnes 
Newman, near Sparta, when he met her. 

Their children were Robert Andrew, long a merchant and 
leading citizen of Hamburg ; Margaret, wife of Major William 
Thornton Anderson, of Newton ; Mary, wife of David Ryerson, of 
Newton ; Martha, who married Hugh Taylor, and, after his decease, 
became the wife of Judge Richard R. Morris, of Sparta ; and Alex- 
ander, of Easton. Their children, with their descendants and 
connections, have filled a wide circle of influence in the society of 
the Town and County. 

John Linn. Few men of Northern New Jersey stood 
higher in public esteem than he, in his lifetime. The son of 
Joseph and Martha Kirkpatrick, he was born December 3d, 1763, 
in Hardwick township, Warren Count} 7 , and came to this vicini- 


ty when his father removed to the farm which he afterwards 
inherited and called Harmony Vale. 

During the Revolutionary war lie was at first a private, then 
Sergeant in Captain Manning's Co., Sussex, New Jersey Troops. 
We know not how early in life he became a child of God, but 
when the First Church of Hardyston (embracing the congrega- 
tions at the Head of the Wallkill and Gary's Meeting House) was 
organized in 1787, in accordance with the requirements of the 
State law, his name and that of Martha Linn, his mother, ap- 
pear as communicants. 

He married, May 19th, 1791, Martha Hunt, daughter of 
Richard Hunt, Sr., of Hardwiek, who, July 15th, 1827, in the fifty- 
fourth year of her age, "died, asshe had lived, a christian." 

Their children were fourteen — Elizabeth, the wife of Rev. 
Edward Allen, born September 2d, 1792; Joseph, born Septem- 
ber 25th, 1793, a most excellent and exemplary man; Sarah, 
Mrs. Shafer, born March 7th, 1796 ; Alexander Richard, died in 
infancy; Andrew, born May 7th, 1799, married Sibella Beardslee, 
elder in North Church 1827, keptstore, at Monroe Corners; Marga- 
ret died in infancy; John, born May 6th,lS03. died at Bloom field 
Acadamy, 1819; Mary Ann, Mrs. Low, born March 4th, 1805 ; 
Caroline, born December 18th, 1800, wife of Dr. Roderick By- 
ington, of Belvidere, and mother of the missionary, Theodore- 
Linn Byington, D. D.; Henrietta, who still survives, received 
into the church in 1S30, at a communion held in Hamburg, and is 
the first upon the roll of living membership of the North Hardys- 
ton Church ; David Hunt, and Alexander, M. D., were twins, 
born February 17th, 1811, David dying in infancy, and Alexan- 
der, May 12th, 186S ; Lucilla Matilda, wife of Ezekiel Brown, 
born December lOtl , 1814, and died in California, 1884; and 
William Helm, M. I)., born March 6th, 1819, died October, 1877. 

John Linn had s-erved as Sheriff of Sussex County, and, in 
1805, was appointed Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and 
re-appointed for his fourth term, serving for sixteen years. He 
was then elected member of Congress, and re-elected for a second 
term. He died in Washington City, while a member of Congress, 
Jan. 5, 1821, of typhoid fever. As the weather was very cold,, 


his remains were brought the whole distance in a sleigh to the 
North Church Cemetery, where he was buried. 

lie was made an Elder of the IJardyston Church 1812, and, 
after the division, of the North Church of Hardyston, May, 1819, 
exerted an extraordinary influence for good in the community 
and was associated with Kobert Ogden in church work and public 

His sons, Dr. Alexander Li a it, and Dr. William Helm Limi, 
were eminent in their profession. All who remember them, 
hnow of their skill in medicine, their kindness in sickness, and 
that sterling worth inherited from their parents, which always 
distinguished them. The town is favored which has beloved 
physicians like them to administer in sickness, and bring relief in 
suffering and accident. 

His grandson, Theodore Linn Byinglon, was born at John- 
sonsburg, 1831. He graduated at Princeton College and Union 
Theological Seminary, N. Y. city, went as Missionary to Turkey 
1858, was Pastor at Newton from 1869 to 1874, returned to the mis- 
sion field for eleven years, died in Philadelphia June 16th, 1SS8, 
and was buried at Springfield, Mass. 

Robert Andrew Linn, son of Dr. Andrew and Ann (Carnes) 
Linn, was born near Monroe Corners, January 29th, 1787. His 
father removed to Newton, where his boyhood was spent. In 
early manhood he went South to live. In 1812 he joined an ex- 
pedition, organized of Americans, by a Mexican patriot, General 
Jose Bernardo Gueterrez, who invaded Texas in the interests of 
Mexican independence, and carried on a campaign against the 
Spanish arm} 7 . All who served on this campaign, beside their 
bounty money and monthly pay, were promised one square league 
•of land when the national independence was established. This 
expedition was so far successful that for a time the Spanish author- 
ities withdrew from a large part of Texas. In the battles which 
took place Mr. Linn's hearing was impaired by the artillery firing, 
to which he attributed the beginning of the deafness from which 
he suffered in after life. He was much attracted to Texas, and 
when Mexico became free, was inclined to go there to live and 
/ilaim the square league of land to which his services entitled him. 


He was at New Orleans when General Jackson commanded 
the forces there, participated with the citizens who volunteered in 
the defence of the city, and was an eye witness to the battle of 
New Orleans, January 8th, 1815. After the war he went to 
Nashville, Term., and engaged in business for several years. In 
1816 he married Elizabeth Byerson, daughter of Martin Ryerson, 
of Hamburg, who was born December 19th, 1791, and died Sep- 
tember ISth, 1867. After his marriage he became a merchant in 
Newton, and lived in the stone house of his father. To this he 
added the larger part, a frame structure with brick front. In 
1820 he exchanged properties with his brother-in-law, Judge 
Thomas C. Ryerson, and came to Hamburg. He lived for a time 
in the Walling house and, about 1824, by exchange with Joseph 
E. Edsall, he acquired the present Creamery property and made 
the house his home until his death, January 2d, 1868. 

He was a Director of the Sussex Bank, and continued for 
more than fifty years one of the first business men of the place. 
Much of this time he was Postmaster. His business was conducted 
on principles of prudence, so that while many others failed, he was 
never overtaken with financial disaster. 

His eldest son, Robert Andrew, Jr., was born in 1817, and 
died in 1838, a few days after completing his majority. He 
united with the North Church when he was sixteen years old, and 
showed much earnestness in his young religious life. 

The second son, David Ryerson, was born in 1S20, spent 
twenty years in California, and was killed in 1875, by falling acci- 
dentally from a railway train, while it was in full motion, near 

The third son, Thomas Ryerson, was born 1S22, and died 
from heart disease, 1S67. For many years of his life he was occu- 
pied in the care of his father's farm. 

The fourth son, Theodore Anderson, was born in 183o, and 
his studious habits gave great promise of intellectual ability. He 
studied medicine and was admitted to practice in 1S50, but soon 
after his health declined, and he died September 5th, 1S52. The 
bright hopes entertained for his future success were thus suddenly 
cut off. 


His eldest daughter, Anna 3Iary, was born 1S19 and died in 
1876 ; a woman of great goodness of heart, and cultivated mind, 
she was held in high esteem by a wide circle of friends. 



Thomas Lawrence, Escj., Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas. Among the many who suffered great financial losses dur- 
ing our war for Independence were the Lawrence family, of Phil- 
adelphia. For three generations they had been merchants in that 
city, and had filled many public offices. One Thomas Lawrence 
was a member of Penn's Council, and Mayor of the city when the 
State House was built. His son Thomas was also Mayor five 
times, and his son John held the same office, it being of yearly 
appointment. The Thomas who was Mayor for five years had a 
large place called " Clairmont," on the north side of the city. He 
died in 1775, leaving three sons grown, and some younger chil- 
dren. It was impossible to keep the property together, taxes were 
enormous, and the family went elsewhere to seek a living- 
Thomas, the eldest son, came first to Princeton, where he lived 
for a few years on a farm. In 1784, he entered into partnership 


with Mr. Pobert Morris, of New York, but the business was not 
successful, and in Feb., 17S7, he says: "The discouraging situa- 
tion of commercial affairs has determined me to retire to the coun- 
try for the support of my family." 

His father-in-law, Lewis Morris, had a farm in Sussex Co., 
N. Jersey, called " Morrisvale.' 1 During the war Col. Morris was 
unfortunately situated, his home at Morrisania, in Westchester 
Co., being near enough to both armies to be in danger from each. 
As one of the signers of the Declaration, Col. Morris suffered 
most from the English, and was obliged to take up some vacant 
lands in Sussex Co. to provide a living for his family. He sent 
slaves to cultivate the farm, and they carried grain, vegetables and 
fruit over the mountain to Morrisania. It was this Sussex farm 
that Col. Morris rented to his son-in-law, Thomas Lawrence, who 
was also his nephew. In May, 1787, Mr. Lawrence brought his 
wife and children to Sussex Co. One of the little girls, then only 
seven years old, Mrs. Maria Shee, lived to tell in old age the story 
of the long journey in a carriage over the rough mountain, not 
then crossed by a good stage-road. In 1790, Mr. Lawrence 
bought the property at Morrisvale of his uncle, but it did not 
agree with the health of his family, so he decided to build on 
higher ground overlooking the broad meadow nearer the village. 
This he accomplished in 1794, and then turned his thoughts to 
establishing some communication with the outside world. Sussex 
C. H. was the only Post Office north of Morristown, but, in 1795, 
Mr. Lawrence and others succeeded in their efforts and a Post 
Office was opened in the village, and the name Hamburg chosen. 
He kept careful accounts of arrival and departure of mails, often 
carried on horse-back, and sometimes twenty-four hours behind 
time. It is interesting to see how an old gentleman of that time 
treasured everything in the way of literature that he could find. 
In a scrap-book he copied the verses that pleased his fancy, " An 
Elegy, wrote by Mr. Gray," " The Fireside, wrote by Dr. Cotton," 
show his poetical tastes, and his letters to friends and family con- 
tain many criticisms on modern literature. 

In 1813, he purchased another farm near the village, so that 
at his death, in 1823, he owned between seven and eight hundred 


acres in the county, which property is still in possession of his 

Mr. Lawrence was first married to Rebecca, daughter of Dr. 
Thomas Bond, of Philadelphia. She had two daughters, and died 
in Philadelphia in 1771. lie then married his cousin, Mary 
Morris, whose only son w r as born on that memorable day, July 
4th, 177C. The mother died a month later, and, in 1778, her 
husband married her sister, Catherine V. Both were daughters 
of his uncle, Col. Lewis Morris, of Morrisania. 

The tw T o elder daughters were married soon after the family 
came to Sussex, Mary to Gabriel Ludlum, nephew of Robert 
Morris ; Rebecca to Warren de Lancy, of New York. 

The eldest son served as Ensign in the Regular Army, and 
died a month after receiving his commission as Lieutenant, in 

Lewis, the second son, died at the age of seventeen, in 
Goshen, where he was at school. 

Maria, the third daughter, was seven years old when they 
came to Sussex. She married, in 1810, her cousin, Walter Louis 
Siiee, son of Gen. John Shee, of Philadelphia. For a few years 
after marriage they lived in Oxford, a suburb of Philadelphia, but 
Mrs. Shee was anxious to return to New Jersey. In 1814, her 
father purchased the Beach farm, and rented it to Mr. Shee. 
They removed to this property, in Hamburg, which was given to 
Mrs. Shee by her father's will, and here she spent the rest of her 
life. Mr. Shee became Postmaster in 1815, or soon after, and 
Judge of Common Pleas Court under five appointments, serving 
from 1817 to 1842, and took an active interest in county affairs. 
He died in 1856. His wife survived all her family, dying in the 
spring of 1870, as she entered her 90th year. Spending nearly 
all her long life in the place, she was closely identified with it, and 
seemed to the younger generation a connecting link with the past. 
In her manner she preserved the stately formality of the old 
school, and had no liking for modern ways. She never saw a 
locomotive engine, and the idea of a railroad in the place was very 
distasteful to her. Those who had heard her dread of it, thought 
it strange that on the day ground was broken for the Midland 


Railroad, in sight of her window, she lay on her death bed. 

Richard, the third son, studied surveying, and did much 
active work in the county. lie lived with his sister, Mrs. Shee, 
and died at her house in 1858. 

Catharine, the fourth daughter, never married. After the 
death of her parents, she lived in a cottage on the Morrisvale 
farm. Her benevolence was so universal, that " Aunt Kitty," as 
she was called by all who knew her, was appealed to in every 
trouble. Her home was like a happy family in its variety of pet 
animals. Ill health obliged her to leave " The Cottage " in her last 
years, which were spent with her sister, Mrs. Shee. She died in 1862. 

When Mrs. Shee lived at Oxford, she met a young girl who 
had lost both parents in infancy by yellow fever. Mrs. Shee 
wrote often about this interesting young girl, and in a letter to 
her father said she " wished one of her brothers would come on and 
fall in love with her, as she would make so good a wife."' Her 
brother Thomas took her advice, and was married to Janet Will- 
son, by Bishop White, Dec. 1st, 1813. They lived on the Mor- 
risvale farm, where Mrs. Lawrence died in 1821, leaving two 
children, Thomas and Catherine. The son was adopted by his 
grandparents, and the daughter by her aunt, Mrs. Shee. Mr. 
Lawrence lived for many years with his sister, in the Morris- 
vale cottage, and died at the residence of his son, in Sparta, in 

The youngest daughter in this Lawrence family, Sarah, mar- 
ried Dr. Jesse Arnell, a physician who came to Hamburg from 
Goshen. He practiced for a few years, and they were married in 
the spring of 1813. Doctor Arnell died in July, 1811, and his 
wife in the following November. 

Mr. Lawrence had three other children, Jacob, William and 
Lena, who died in infancy, a few years after they came to New 

Samuel Beach, M. D., who sold to Thomas Lawrence, in 
1805, the house and land which became the home and farm of 
Judge Walter L. Shee, came with his brother, Calvin, to Ham- 
burg from Parsippany, Morris Co., N. J., where their parents, 
Isaac and Mary (Bigals) Beach lived. Isaac Beach died in 1831, 


aged 89 years. His wife died in 1830, aged 82 years. The 
grandfather of Samuel and Calvin Beach was Abner, and their 
great-grandfather, Benjamin. 

Dr. Beach purchased lands which are described as rive tracts. 
The first three were conveyed by Abraham Kitchel and Benjamin 
Lindsley to Jonathan Lindsley, in 1798. The 4th tract was con- 
veyed by Joseph Sharp and William Sharp to Jonathan Lindsley, 
in 1796. Said four tracts were conveyed to Dr. Samuel Beach by 
Jonathan Lindsley, in 1801. The fifth tract was the one on which 
the house was built, and is described as a part of that conveyed by 
heirs of Mary Alexander to Gov. Lewis Morris. 

When Mrs. Shee made her home here, in 1814, the place was 
called " Oaklands." 

The two brothers, Samuel and Calvin, returned to Parsippany, 
where Calvin remained until his death. Dr. Samuel was a resi- 
dent of Jeffersonville, Indiana, for more than twenty years. He 
was born Nov. 7th, 1774, and died in the city of New York, June 
1st, 1S36. The brothers were related to Judge Samuel Beach 
Ifalsey, of Bockaway, and to Dr. Columbus Beach, of Beach Glen. 



The Ogdens had much influence in Hardy ston, and the history 
of the town requires no little mention of them. Going back to 
the first immigrant of the family, we find John Ogden, born in 
Northampton, England, whose descent is traced from John Ogden 
living in 14G0. He lived in Stamford, Conn., in 1641, and con- 
tracted, in 1042, with the Dutch Governor, William Kieft, to 
build a stone church in the fort of New Amsterdam. The fort 
stocd within the precincts of the present Battery, in New York 
city. By grant from Governor Kieft, with Bichard Denton and 
others, he made the settlement of Hempstead, L. I., in 1044. He 
removed to Southampton, L. I., in 1047 ; held office as Magistrate 
from Connecticut and New Haven Colonies, and represented 
Southampton in the upper house of King's Council, Conn. It is 
claimed for him that Charles II gave him armorial bearings with 
the legend : ' : Granted to John Ogden Esquire by King Charles 
the second, for his faithful services, to his Unfortunate Father, 
Charles the First." 

In 1004 he came to Elizabethtown, and was one of the two 
original patentees who established the settlement of the town. A 
man of sterling piety, he was frequently called " Good old John 
Ogden." He died December, 1081. Five grown sons accompa- 
nied him from Long Island. Jonathan, his third son, was the 
father of Bobert Ogden 1st, and grandfather of Kobert Ogden 2d. 

Robert Ogden 2d was born at Elizabethtown, October 7th, 
1716 ; married Bhebe Hatfield, and had a large family of chil- 
dren. Mrs. Ogden was a woman of patriotic spirit, and three of 
her sons and two sons-in-law were in the army, and her husband 


was a Commissary during the war of the Revolution. Upon their 
removal to Sussex, she gave the name of Sparta to their new 
home in the wilderness, expressing the wish that the youth of this 
vicinity might emulate the virtues of the ancient Spartans. The 
name has traveled to the village four miles away, at the head of 
the Wallkill, whose Post Office is Sparta, while the site of the 
Ogden home is now known as Ogdensburg. 

Robert Ogden 2d filled numerous offices of honor and trust 
under the royal government. At that time Elizabethtown was 
the state seat of government. He was a member of the Provin- 
cial Council and for several years Speaker of the House of Assem- 
bly. Being appointed one of the delegates from the Legislature 
of New Jersey to the Provincial Congress that met in New York 
in 1705, to protest against the Stamp Act, he, with the chairman 
of the convention, refused to sign the protest and petition to the 
King and Parliament, upon the ground that it should be trans- 
mitted to the Provincial Assembly, and through it be presented to 
the Government of Great Britain. Tin's so displeased his con- 
stituents that he was burned in effigy on his return home. He 
convened the Assembly and resigned his Speakership and mem- 
bership, and in his address on the occasion said: "I trust Provi- 
dence will, in due time, make the rectitude of my heart and my 
inviolable affection to my country appear in a fair light to the 
world, and that my sole aim was the happiness of New Jersey." 
When the war of the Revolution began he took a firm stand on 
the side of freedom, and was a member of the Committee of Vig- 
ilance of Elizabethtown. He was so obnoxious to the Tories that 
they made great efforts to capture him. After the battle of Long 
Island and the occupation of New York by the British, it was no 
longer safe for him to remain in the vicinity. In a letter written 
Oct. 7th, 1776, to his son-in-law, Colonel Francis Barber, he says: 
' "We still continue in the old habitation, though almost surrounded 
by the regulars [British troops] . They have been on Staten 
Island, a month on Long Island, and three weeks in possession of 
New York, a large part of which is burned to the ground. A 
very serious part of the story — our troops yesterday evacuated 
Bergen — carried off the stores and artillery, moved oft" as many of 
the inhabitants as could get away, and fired all the wheat and. 


other grain. 

" Your mother still seems undetermined whether to stay here 
by the stuff, or remove to Sussex. A few days will determine 
her, but perhaps in a few days it may be too late to determine a 
matter of this importance." 

The removal was forced upon them when AVashington re- 
treated through the Jerseys, and was no doubt effected soon after 
this letter was written. A division of the British army entered 
Elizabethtown Nov. 29th, and the winter, which found Washing- 
ton in Morristown, found them in Sparta. 

The following letter from his son, Matthias, is of interest as 
showing their residence here at the time of its date, and also 
( >gden's connection with the Continental army. He had years 
before served the King's army as Commissary, when General 
Amherst commanded the royal forces ; and again when General 
Abercrombie was commander-in-Chief before his defeat on Lake 
George. Much of the correspondence is still in existenr-e : 

"Mokris Town, January 6, 1777. 

" Honorable Sir: I send you Mr. Lowrey's letter, who, since it 
was written, has desired me to inform you that the way he does, 
and the method you must take, is to apply to General Washington, 
who will give a warrant for any sum of money you may apply for 
necessary for carrying on your commissary department. I am in- 
formed there is a complaint here for want of flour, and I think it 
best you should attend here } T ourself as soon as possible — where 
you will receive help from the military by General Washington's 
order, to take wheat or any other necessary for the army from 
such persons as have it to spare without distressing their families. 
General Washington will be here about noon. Forty Waldeckers 
were brought in yesterday by the militia. The killed, wounded 
and prisoners of the enemy at Princeton were about fiOO ; our loss 
of men was about ten or twelve, and of officers six or eight, among 
which was General Mercer. 

From yours dutifully, 

M. Ogden." 

"To llobert Ogden, Esq., Sussex." 

The forty Waldeckers were the Germans, so called from AVal- 
deck, whence they were brought, captured January 5th, two days 
after the battle of Princeton, by Colonel Oliver Spencer, a son-in- 
law of Robert Ogden, near Springfield, N". J. For his gallantry 


on this occasion, Spencer was rewarded with the command of a 
regular regiment. 

Washington writing to Congress on the 7th of January, says : 

" The most considerable skirmish was on Sunday morning 
1 5th | when eight or ten Waldeckers were killed or wounded, and 
the remainder of the party, thirty-nine or forty, made prisoners, 
with the officers, by a force not superior in number and without 
receiving the least damage." 

One of Robert Ogdeirs descendants wrote : " My grand- 
father and his wife, Pliebe Hatfield, lived on the rising ground 
toward the Snufftown mountain. He owned a great deal of land 
estate in this vicinity and some of ' Drowned Lands' of Wantage. 
There were no sawmills in the country when he emigrated from 
Elizabethtown. The house was built entirely of squared logs. I 
have often been in the house, but before my advent it was hand- 
somely covered with weather-boards, and w r ainscoted and plastered 
within. The house was a large one, with a hall running through 
the centre. Four rooms were on a floor and a very large kitchen. 
My great-grandmother and her sister, Bettie Hatfield, made this 
house and its surroundings very beautiful. There was a large lawn 
and garden. Around the lawn were set rose-bushes, lilacs and syrin- 
gas in regular order. The whole country was at that time a dense 
forest. A clergyman who was a guest of the family when some 
of the ornamental plants were in bloom exclaimed, ' Mrs. Ogden, 
you have made the wilderness to blossom as the rose.' " 

It was this house that was assailed by the gang of robbers- 
(called cowboys) ; and its ample cellars afforded them refreshment 
and booty. The leader of the gang was Claudius Smith, who 
confessed to participation in the robbery when under the gallows 
at Goshen, N. Y., where he suffered for his numerous crimes 
January 22d, 1779. It was a very cold night. A colored girl 
said that as she was milking, she saw a man raise his head from 
behind a log not far from the house. But the family were not 
alarmed, as there were guards at a station two miles away, and 
they thought themselves safe from the Tories. The miscreants 
robbed the house of all the silver, but were disappointed in not 
rinding the large sum of money which Judge Ogden was sup- 


posed to have received for purchasing provisions for the Conti- 
nental army. They drank freely of some whiskey kept in the 
cellar, were thrown off their guard, and found that they 
were recognized. One man said, " Judge, I have had many a 
good meal in your house before this." When they had ransacked 
everything and collected their booty, they took him, with the big 
family Bible, down into the cellar, and threatened to kill him if 
he did not take a solemn oath never to divulge who they were, or 
seek their punishment. Mrs. Ogden shrieked, thinking they were 
going to murder him. 

The alarm was sounded next morning by one of the 
negro boys, who hid himself in the swamp all night, 
and on going out informed the guards. The troops with the 
neighbors gave chase. They tracked the men in the snow, and 
saw where they had cooked and slept and thrown away some 
blankets. A silver sugar bowl which had been dropped was found. 
This is still in the possession of one of Mr. Ogdeirs descendants, 
a lady of the Oliver Spencer family, living in Ohio. More of 
the hidden plunder was afterwards recovered, but the Judge so 
regarded his oath that he refused to authorize any proceedings 
against his spoilers. lie had his house barricaded, and was not 
afterwards disturbed. According to the date upon the chimney, 
this house was built in 1TTT, in the spring and summer after Mr. 
Ogden's removal here. It was destroyed by fire in 1845. 

Here we find the germ of the Sparta Church. The record 
of legal organization at the County Clerk's office styles it, "the 
dwelling house of Rob. Ogden, Esq., the present and most usual 
place of meeting of said congregation." Here its owner and his 
pious wife would gather their tenants and neighbors for divine 
worship, he himself leading the services on the Sabbath when no 
clergyman was present. The New Jersey Legislature on March 
10, 17SG, passed an act for the incorporation of religious societies. 
This church was the first to avail itself of the new law, and, asso- 
ciated with the congregation of Cary's Meeting House, they as- 
sumed the name of "The First Presbyterian Church in Ilardyston," 
November 23d, 17S6. Steps had been previously taken towards 
the erection of a meeting house. Snow was on the ground in 


the spring of 17S6, when the first timber was cut. 

Judge Ogden died January 21st, 1787, in his 71st year. 
Before the completion of the new meeting house, he was laid to 
rest a little in its rear. Before his removal to Sussex he had 
long been an Elder in the Elizabethtown church, and was a mem- 
ber of the Synod of New York and Philadelphia, 1763 and 1766. 
II is lands extended from the head of the Wallkill to Franklin 
Furnace, with large tracts of mountain land. Ogden Mine was 
worked in 1762, and named for him. The zinc mines were 
opened long after his death, u-pon lands once his. lie owned por- 
tions of the Wallkill Drowned Lands. The turnpike bridge across 
the Wallkill, a mile and a half north of Hamburg, has always 
been called " Ogden's Bridge." 

Mrs. Phebe Ogden survived her husband and died December 
22, 1796. Ifer remains were buried beside his in the Sparta 
church varcl. 

From History of the Cliosophic Society. 
Memoir of Robert Ogden. 
By the Hon. Daniel Haines, Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of New Jersey. 

Robert Ogden, Jr., one of the founders of the Cliosophic So- 
ciety, was the great-grandson of Jonathan Ogden, who was one of 
the original associates of the " Elizabethtown purchase," and who 
died in 1732, at the age of eighty-six. 

Of his grandfather, Robert Ogden, but little is known by the 
present generation, except that he was one of a long line of pious 

His father, Robert Ogden, Sr., resided at the old borough of 
Elizabeth, 1ST. J., and filled with ability and fidelity, several offices 
of honor and trust ; among others, that of Surrogate for the Coun- 
ty of Essex. He was one of the King's counsellors, and for sev- 
eral years speaker of the House of Assembly. 

During the war of the Revolution, he was one of the three 
who composed the Patriots' Committee of Vigilance for the 
town. During the struggle, he retired to Sparta, in the County 
of Sussex, where he continued a life of usefulness, to both church 
and state, until the year 1787, when he died, at the full age of 
three score years and ten. 


Robert Ogden, Jr., was born at Elizabethtown, on the 23d of 
March, 1746. He entered the college of New Jersey at the age of 
sixteen, and graduated in 1TG5, at the age of nineteen years. 
While a member of College, he united with William Patterson, 
Luther Martin, Oliver Ellsworth and Tapping Reeve, in the for- 
mation of the Cliosophic Society, then known by the name of the 
" Weil-Meaning Society." 

lie chose the profession of the law, and pursued his prepara- 
tory course under the direction of that distinguished jurist and 
eminent statesman, Richard Stockton, one of the signers of the 
Declaration of Independence. 

Having completed his term of clerkship, Mr. Ogden was ad- 
mitted to the bar, and received " a license to practice law in all the 
courts of New Jersey, on the 21st June, 1770." 

In April, 1772, Governor Franklin showed his confidence in 
his ability and integrity by appointing him " One of the Surro- 
gates of New Jersey, in the room and stead of his father Robert 
Ogden, Senior, resigned." 

lie opened his law office at Elizabethtown, and soon acquired 
an extensive and lucrative practice, and the name par excellence of 
the " Honest Lawyer." In such esteem was he held that, within 
ten years after his admission to the bar, he was called to the 
degree of Sergeant-at-Law, then held by twelve only of the most 
learned and upright counsellors. 

During the war with Great Britain he took an active and 
efficient part, and by his energy and means contributed much to 
the establishment of American independence. In patriotism and 
valor he was not surpassed even by his brother, General Matthias 
Ogden, who was wounded at the storming of the heights of 
Quebec, and subsequently distinguished for military skill and per- 
sonal daring in many battle-fields of the Revolution. But Prov- 
idence denied to him the honors of the field. His right arm hav- 
ing been disabled by a fall in childhood, he could neither wield a 
sword nor handle a musket, but he rendered good service in the 
capacity of Quartermaster and Commissary of stores. He gave 
his time and his talents, spent his mone} r and pledged his credit 
freely to supply the suffering army of Washington with subsist- 
ence, clothing, horses, and transportation. His readiness and abil- 
ity to do this will be shown by the following incident: His 
brother, Captain Aaron Ogden, afterwards Colonel, and Governor 
of New Jersey, one of the aides-de-camp of General Lafayette, 
was summoned to the tent of that distinguished and beloved 
patriot and friend of American liberty. On his appearing at the 
tent, the Marquis said, " Captain Ogden, have you a good horse ? " 


" No, sir," replied the Captain, " but my brother Robert has." 
"Get one," said the commander, "and select twenty-rive men as 
escort. Let them be well mounted, and equipped in the best 
manner, and report to me at twelve o'clock, for a delicate and im- 
portant service." At the hour named, Captain Ogden, with the 
escort, appeared mounted and equipped as ordered. He was then 
instructed to bear a flag of truce to the British officer in command 
at Paulus Hook, with the verbal message to Sir Henry Clinton, 
whose headquarters were in the city of New York, proposing to 
exchange Major Andre for the traitor Arnold. This proposition, 
as is well known, was rejected ; but the gallant Captain who bore 
it, and the Commissary who furnished the horses and equipments, 
then so important in the impoverished condition of the country, 
alike received the commendations of Lafayette and Washington. 

After the establishment of American independence, Mr. 
Ogden resumed his profession at Elizabeth, and practiced law with 
great success, until the state of his health required his removal to 
a place beyond the influence of the sea air ; and he retired to a 
farm in Sussex, [spring of 1786] which on the death of his father 
descended to him. There he lived in dignity, but not in idleness. 
There he increased the fertility of the soil, and cultivated the 
graces of the head and of the heart. There he acted the part of 
a wise counsellor, and of a warm and an efficient friend. There 
lie became a ruling elder, and one of the chief supporters of the 
Sparta Chm-ch ; representing it in nearly every church judicatory, 
and being almost a standing commissioner to the General Assem- 

Having no ambition for political distinction, he declined all 
public offices. And, except in the representation of the county in 
the State Legislature, on one or more occasions, he adhered to the 
maxim, " The post of honor is the private station." At the close 
of his life, not forgetting his Alma Mater, he left a legacy to the 
college of New Jersey, which was more than a tenth part of the 
residuum of his estate, reduced in value as it was by great and 
general commercial depression. 

The last year of his life he spent with one of his daughters 
| Mrs. Mary Haines] at Hamburg, in the county of Sussex, and 
died on the 14th of February, 1826, a few days before the com- 
pletion of his eightieth year, in the Lawrence house. 

Mr. Ogden was a fine scholar, and kept up his classical read- 
ing, and w T as delighted with the exercise, now so generally in dis- 
use, of capping verses of Greek and Latin poetry ; a pleasure, 
however, in which in the later part of his life, he could seldom 
indulge for the want of a competitor. 


His taste for English literature was also marked, and his let- 
ters and all his writings exhibit much strength of thought, and are 
decidedly Addisonian in style. To the close of his life he was of a 
most cheerful temper, and a delightful and instructive companion. 
He especially enjoyed the society of the young and made them 
seek and enjoy his. He reared a large family of children and left 
a very numerous posterity, who have moved in various spheres in 
different sections of our Country ; many of them eminently suc- 
cessful in public and private life ; and many now walking in the 
pious steps of their ancestors, realizing the truth of the promise, 
k ' I will be a God unto thee and to thy seed after thee." 

Mr. Ogden's pay for subsistence furnished the army was much 
of it in Continental money (worthless at the end of the war), which 
was kept in an old trunk in a garret until finally scattered and 
lost. His house in Sussex Co. is still standing. It was built by 
Mr. Iloagland. When asthma drove him from the sea-board, he 
relinquished to his brother Aaron a fine law practice. They 
exchanged properties, and he received lands in Sussex county, 
for others in Elizabethtown and vicinity. His final re- 
moval to Sussex was near the spring of 1786. A deed from his 
father, Ilobert Ogden, Sr., conveys ten acres of land for the con- 
sideration of £250 proclamation money of New Jersey. The de- 
scription says : " All that Messuage, Tenement & Tract of Land 
on which the said Ilobert Ogden Junior now lives, Beginning at a 
stake on the west side of the Koad leading to the New Meeting 

In the fall of 1776 he was obliged to remove his family to 
Morristown for safety from the raids of the British troops and 
Tories who came over from Staten Island. In 1777 he took them 
to Turkey, now New Providence, in Union county, where he 
resided until near the close of the war. His first wife was Sarah 
Piatt, daughter of Ebenezer Piatt, of Huntington, L. I. Their 
children were Elizabeth Piatt, wife of Colonel Joseph Jackson, of 
Kockaway ; Ilobert Ogden 1th, who removed to New Orleans, a 
lawyer of distinction and Judge of the Supreme Court of Louisi- 
ana ; Mary, wife of Elias Haines ; Jeremiah, drowned in 
Elizabethtown creek, and Sarah Piatt, wife of Cornelius Dubois, 
of New York. Mrs. Oaden died two hours after the birth of this 


child. Mr. (Jo-den was about to try a case before the court in 
Newark when a messenger came with the sad announcement, and 
he fainted in the court room. His second wife was Hannah Piatt, 
sister of his first wife. Their children were Rebecca Wood Piatt, 
who married Doctor Samuel Fowler, of Franklin Furnace ; Han- 
nah Amelia Jarvis, wife of Thomas C. Ryerson, Judge of the 
Supreme Court, of Hamburg, and afterwards of Newton ; Phebe 
Henrietta Maria, 2d wife of Judge Thomas C. Ryerson ; Zophar 
Piatt ; William Henry Augustus, and John Adams. One of his 
latest gifts to the Sparta church was the silver communion set, 
presented just before his removal, in May, 1821, to Franklin, 
where he made his home with his son-in-law, Dr. Fowler, until 
his grandson, Daniel Haines, came to Hamburg with his widowed 
mother, Mary Haines, when he went to live with them. He had 
been au Elder of the church for forty years. 

General Matthias Ogden, son of Robert 2d, born Oct. ^2d, 
1754, inherited his father's Elizabethtown residence which he 
made his home. He was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
First Regiment New Jersey Line, December, 17T5 ; was wounded 
in storming the Heights of Quebec, December 31st of the same 
year ; distinguished throughout the war, and made Brigadeir Gen- 
eral by brevet. He was cut down in the prime of life, and amid 
prevailing lamentation was buried with every token of honor and 
affection. His tomb is in the Elizabethtown church yard, and 
reads : 

" Sacred to the memory of General Matthias Ogden, who died 
on the 31st day of March, 1791, aged 36 years. In him were 
united those various virtues of the soldier, the patriot, and the 
friend, which endear men to society. Distress failed not to find 
relief in his bounty ; unfortunate men, a refuge in his generosity. 
If manly sense and dignity of mind, 
If social virtues liberal and refined, 
Nipp'd in their bloom, deserve compassion's tear. 
Then, reader, weep ; for Ogden's dust lies here. 
Weed his grave clean, ye men of genius, for he was your 

Tread lightly on his ashes, ye men of feeling, for he was your 

Aaron Ogden, son of Robert Ogden 2d, was born Dec. 3d 


1756. lie was carefully educated, graduating at Princeton Col- 
lege in 1773, in his seventeenth year. In the winter of 1775 he 
joined a volunteer corps at Elizabethtown, and was one of the 
party who captured a transport lying off Sandy Hook. The men 
embarked in shallops and row boats, boarded the ship and made 
her their prize. She proved to be the Blue Mountain Valley, of 
three hundred tons, loaded with coal, flour and live stock for the 
British troops at Boston. A resolution of Congress commended 
this exploit. 

Ogden joined the regiment, commanded by his brother Mat- 
thias, and actively participated in the battle of Brandywine. At 
Monmouth he was Brigade Major and acted as Aide to Lord Stir- 
ling. By Washington's personal direction, at the most critical 
moment of the day, he rode forward to reconnoiter, and from his 
report, Washington ordered the advance which determined the 
action. In the charge made and the pursuit of the enemy, he 
bore a conspicuous part. When night came on, instead of sleeping 
he wrote a tender, filial letter to his father, detailing the incidents 
of the day. We may mention his heroism at Springfield, when his 
horse was shot under him ; and his saving of Maxwell's Brigade, 
when a large British force from New York came over by Staten 
Island to destroy it. lie gave timely notice to the threatened 
command, but was severely wounded in the breast from a bayonet 
stab by a British sentinal. In 1779, he took part in the expedi- 
tion of General John Sullivan against the hostile Indians. Soon 
after he was appointed Captain of a company of Light Infantry in 
the corps of Lafayette. He was with Lafayette in Virginia and 
covered his retreat, when the young Marquis had nearly fallen 
into the grasp of Lord Cornwallis. He was commended by Gen- 
eral Washington for " having with his company gallantly stormed 
the left redoubt of the enemy," at Yorktown. A warm friend- 
ship grew up between him and Lafayette ; and upon the latter's 
visit to America long afterwards, he gave honorable mention of 
his esteem for Ogden and his services. 

When dismissed from the army with the other officers at 
Newburg, he resolved to study law, and carried out this reso- 
lution by coming to Sussex, and spending the winter at his father's 


house in Ogdensburg, where he devoted his time assiduously to 
Blackstone. He was licensed as an attorney in September, 1784, 
the regular period of study, no doubt, being shortened in consid- 
eration of his military services, and he was received upon his 
examination. He was afterwards admitted a counsellor, and in 
1794 made Sergeant-at-Law. In 1797, he was appointed Colonel 
of the 15th U. S. Regiment, when war with France was contem- 
plated. He was chosen U. S. Senator in 1801, for two years, fill- 
ing an unexpired term. In 1812, the Federal party, having the 
ascendency in the State, the Legislature chose him Governor. 
While in this office, President Madison nominated him as a Major- 
General, with the intention of giving him the command of the 
forces operating against Canada, and his nomination was unani- 
mously confirmed by the Senate. With reluctance he declined 
this high honor, thinking that his obligation to the party which 
elected him precluded him from acceptance. AVith great modesty 
he expressed his opinion that he could serve the national cause 
better as Governor of New Jersey than as a general on the field. 

He engaged in the building and running of steamboats, and 
sunk much of his means in the business and in contentions with 
rivals. In 1829, he removed to Jersey City, and in the winter of 
that year was arrested for debt in New York city and thrown into 
the old Provo6t prison, which still stands in the City Hall Park, 
and is now called the Hall of Records. Esteeming the debt unjust 
and his imprisonment a wrong, he declined the offer of friends to 
settle the claim. The story of his arrest was carried to Albany, 
where a law was passed forbidding imprisonment for debt of a 
Revolutionary soldier and directing his immediate release. So the 
trusted Aide of Washington, the companion of Lafayette, and 
President of the Society of Cincinnati, had the prison doors opened 
for him. Congress gave him a pension, and created for him the 
position of Custom House officer at Jersey City. The State of 
New Jersey donated lands to him along the river shore, which 
proved of no great profit then, but in recent years these have 
risen to immense value. He died at Jersey City in 1839, at the 
age of eight}*-three. 

Elias Ogden, the youngest son surviving childhood of Robert 


2d, born November 9th, 17G3, inherited his father's homestead. 
He was a man of great business capacity, carried on farming ex- 
tensively, and engaged in the manufacture of iron. His forge 
was located upon the Wallkill, two miles above Franklin Furnace, 
and he brought his ore from the Ogden mine upon the moun- 
tain. He died at the Haines house, in Hamburg, while on 
a visit to Mr. Sharp, March 31st, 1805. His wife died shortly 
after, and his family of young children were left to the care of 
their relatives. His son, Matthias Hatfield Ogden, was an 
Elder in Sparta Church, and removed to Hamburg in 1832. He 
was clerk for the Hamburg Manufacturing Company, and lost 
largely by their failure. He was Justice of the Peace, and a use- 
ful citizen. He had talent for singing, gave the young people in- 
struction in vocal music, and led the choir in the Presbyterian 
meetings at the North Church and Hamburg. His home was the 
house which the late Dr. William II. Linn purchased and remod- 
eled. "While living here he lost several of his children by small- 
pox, which the elder son had contracted when a clerk in New 
York city. He lived to a good age, 77 years, dying in Wisconsin 
whither he had removed, January 8th, 1870. William Anderson, 
another son of Elias Ogden, continued to live in the homestead 
after his father's death. Henry Warren, son of Elias Ogden, was 
Captain in the Navy, and highly distinguished for bravery and 
seamanship. Thomas Anderson, youngest son of Elias Ogden, 
was a Presbyterian minister : graduated at Princeton College 
1 s 21, and Princeton Theological Seminary. A portion of Ster- 
ling Hill, where are the richest zinc mines, fell to his inheritance. 
His father's executor sold it for five dollars per acre, that he might 
meet the expenses of his education. The value of the mines was 
not then appreciated. He was licensed by Presbytery which met 
in Hamburg Church ; became pastor at Abingdon,Va., and after- 
wards at Halafax, Ya. ; was missionary in Mississippi for many 
years, and died at Elizabeth. 

Southampton, Long Island, was settled by men of Plymouth 
Colony, Mass. Governor Winthrop, in his journal, states that 
about forty families, finding themselves straightened, left the town 
of Lynn, with the design of settling a new plantation. They in- 


vited Rev. Abraham Pierson, of Boston, to be their minister. 
The Dutch had claimed Long Island and made their settlements 
on its western end. In 1636, King Charles I, regardless of the 
Dutch claims, gave to William Alexander, Earl of Stirling, a 
patent for Long Island, and the islands adjacent. The Earl gave a 
power of attorney to James Farrel to dispose of his lands on Long 
Island. The Lynn colony was formed, and an agreement was 
made with Farrel, dated April 17th, 1640, for eight square miles 
of land to be located in any part of Long Island, and the amount 
to be paid to the Earl was to be fixed by Governor John Win- 
throp, of Mass. In consideration that the country was a wilder- 
ness, and that the Indians pretended to have some claims to their 
native soil, four bushels of Indian corn, to be paid annually at 
Southampton on the last day of September, were considered suffi- 
cient to liquidate the debt. Captain Daniel How carried the col- 
onists to their place of destination in his vessel, and the settle- 
ment at Southampton was effected in June, 1640. An amicable 
arrangement was made with the Indians, and their rights in the 
eight miles square of land were purchased for sixteen coats, and 
three score bushels of Indian corn, with an agreement to defend 
the Indians from the violence of other tribes. 

The colonists had not long since emigrated from England. 
The}' were young men, some of them from Northampton, others 
from Buckinghamshire and Lincolnshire ; but the majority com- 
ing from Southampton, they gave this name to the new town. 
Men of sterling worth and of the best class of English settlers, 
they formed their church organization before leaving Lynn, and 
erected their house of worship the second year of their settlement 
at Southampton. 

Young Benjamin Haines was among the first arrivals from 
Lynn to Southampton, and is named in the original list of set- 
tlers. He had recently emigrated from England, and married 
Johanna, daughter of John Jennings, at Southold. His third son 
was James, born 1662, and died 1721, whose grave is in the 
"Hay ground yard," at Bridgehampton. Benjamin's grandson, 
Stephen Haines 1st, born 1704, removed in 1725 to Elizabeth- 
town, where his son, Stephen Haines 2d, was born in 1733. 


Stephen Haines 2d, by his patriotic efforts, rendered him- 
self very obnoxious to the British, who, after the battle of Long 
Island, held New York and Staten Island. From the latter place 
boats filled with armed men would come over to make raids upon 
the Jersey inhabitants. One night when Stephen Haines and his 
wife were asleep in their bedroom on the ground floor of their 
dwelling, they were awakened by the tramp of horses outside. 
English troops, guided by tories, who knew the place well, had 
come over for his apprehension, lie sprang from his bed to the 
window, but only to find it guarded by a sentinal. He passed 
through another room to the kitchen, thinking to escape by that 
door. It also was guarded, as well as every window. There was 
a back kitchen with rather an obscure door, and by that he made 
his way to the open air. On the west of the house was a corn 
field, with the dry stalks standing. He sought to gain this hiding- 
place, but was discovered as he was about to spring over the fence, 
and a man rushed upon him with a bayonet crying, " Surrender, 
or die ! " He was taken prisoner and marched off barefoot and in 
his night clothes. He had three miles to walk in this way, and 
was then sent fifteen miles by water to New York where he was 
imprisoned in the dreadful pen the British had made of the old 
sugar house, which stood in Nassau street. The hardships he 
endured were very great, but he survived, while many died. He 
was captured in the fall of the year, and was not released until 
after the battle of Monmouth, June, 1778, when the numerous 
captures by Washington made the British glad to effect an ex- 
change of prisoners. 

Stephen 2d's oldest son, Job Haines, was twenty years old 
when the war broke out. He was a private among the " Jersey 
Blues," but was detailed to transport merchandise from Philadel- 
phia. It was a great task to bring a loaded wagon at that time 
from such a distance. He had just arrived from one of his toil- 
some trips and was asleep in his own bedroom, when the house 
was surrounded. Some informer had notified the British of his 
return. His only sister, Joanna, had been extremely wakeful 
since her father's capture, and hearing the tramp of horsemen, 
sprang to her brother's door, awakened him, and hurried him into 


a smoke closet connected with the kitchen chimney, where the 
family meats were cured. She locked the door and took the key. 
Pretending to be asleep, she did not rise until the troopers poured 
into the house, and then was a long time finding a light. At their 
order she took them through the house, opening every other door 
but the one to the smoke closet. They showed much disappoint- 
ment, and went away cursing the Tory who had lied to them. 

The second son, Elias Haines, was at that time eleven years 
old ; but, boy as he was, he soon had a man's responsibility in the 
care of their house and cattle. Their horses were stolen, and only 
an ox team was left. Pickets were stationed in the vicinity of 
Elizabethtown to warn the people of the coming of their oppres- 
sors. "Whenever the warning gun was heard, it was Elias's duty 
to put the oxen to the sled, and with the remaining members of 
the family and some of their goods, to start through the back lane 
to reach a small retired house they owned at "Sodom,' 1 where 
they could be concealed until the invaders were gone. 

Elias became a merchant in New York, and had business 
transactions which frequently brought him to this county, where 
he was well known. He supplied the early stores with many of 
their goods, and dealt with the iron men. He sometimes visited 
the house of Robert Ogden 3d, and, in 1800, married his second 
daughter, Mary. Their house stood fronting the Battery, in New 
York, near what is now the corner of White Hall and South 
streets. With partners, he formed the design of a settlement in 
Florida, and obtained from the Spanish authorities the " Aredondo 
Grant." He spent much time and money in the enterprise, but 
the breaking out of the Seminole war drove off the settlers, and 
after the territory came into the possession of the United States, 
the Government refused to re-establish them in their rights, or 
recognize the grant given by the Spanish authorities. Elias died 
October 11th, 1824, at Elizabethtown. 

Incident given by the late Mrs. Henry T. Darrah : 
" Miss Joanna Haines was my father's sister, and was an only 
daughter in a family of four brothers, Job, Elias, Stephen and 
Daniel. Joanna grew up a beautiful } T oung girl, with clearly 
cut features, a fine blue eye, transparent complexion with the 
blush of the rose on each cheek. My aunt, being an only daugh- 


ter, was indulged in a dainty wardrobe. Many of her dresses 
had been imported by special order from England. She wore 
high heeled shoes, which were made to her measure in London, » 
I have myself seen some of the relics. Her great band box, 
which fastened with a lock and key, had brought across the ocean 
her beaver hat, trimmed with gold lace and black ostrich feathers. 

" One day a party of Hessians rode up to the house, went 
into the kitchen, the pantry, and cellars, and finding edibles to 
satisfy their voracious appetites, they searched for booty to carry 
off. They went into my aunt's room, ransacked her bureaus, 
went through her ' chest of drawers,' took the sheets from the 
bed, and r>iled in all they could carry away or make of most 
advantage to themselves. She followed them from room to room, 
remonstrating, pleading and begging for her treasures. Two 
of the men took each a huge pack upon his back, and when 
they had reached the front door, up rode to the verandah a 
fine looking British officer. The young girl went to the front of 
the piazza and, with the loquacity of a woman, and the eloquence 
of an injured person, told her trouble. He smiled and said ' you 
shall have all your goods back again if you will grant me a favor. 
I want you to give me one kiss with your lips, and let me 
imprint a kiss upon your beautiful cheek.' Her modest} 7 and 
maidenly nature rebelled ; but she cast her eye on the two huge 
bundles, thought of the immensity of her loss, lifted her 
blushing face to the English officer's and sealed the compact. He 
immediately reprimanded the marauders in their own language, 
made them return the articles and bade them never to enter that 
house again/ 1 

Mary, the daughter of Robert Ogden 3d, and wife of 
Elias Haines, was born July 3d, 1778, at Turkey, now New 
Providence, in Union County, N. J. After the battle of Long 
Island and the occupation of New York by the British, the 
horrors of war became so alarming that all of the residents of 
Elizabeth town who could do so removed their families to a 
safe place. Her father first went to Morristown and later to 
Turkey. The war of the Revolution came to an end April 19th, 
1783, and Mr. Ogden returned to Elizabethtown, but came to 
Hardyston to live, in 1786. The youth of his daughter Man- 
was spent at Ogdensburg. After her marriage, she made long- 
visits to her father's house with her children, often accompanying 
her husband on his business trips. After her husband's death, 
she came to Hamburg to reside with her son, who lived in the old 


Lawrence mansion. She united with the North Church of 
Hardyston, January 21st. 1827, and continued her membership in 
it until her death, which occurred in New York city, May 5th, 
1852. Of earnest piety, she was a most useful woman. By her 
conversation, and the gifts of books and tracts, she led many 
to ( in-ist. Beloved by all who knew her, few could come within 
the circle of her influence, without recognizing the power of 
religion as exemplified in her life and character. 

Daniel Haines was born in New York city, January 6th, 
1801, and died January 26th, 1877. His father was Elias Haines, 
and his mother was Mary, daughter of Robert Ogden. He grad- 
uated at Princeton, in 1S20, studied law with Judge Thomas C. 
Ryerson, and was made Attorney, in 1823, Counsellor, in 1S26, 
and Sergeant-at-Law, in 1S27, being one of the latest to receive 
this distinction. He settled at Hamburg, in 1824, and soon 
gained a lucrative practice. He married, in 1827, Ann Maria 
Austin, daughter of Alanson Austin, Esq., of Warwick, N. Y. 
who died December 8th, 1844. He married again, in 1865, 
Mary Townsend, of Newark, N. J. He had belonged to the 
Federalist party, but espousing the cause of General Jackson, 
carried for him the solid vote of his township. He entered 
public life as a member of the Council, (now called Senate), and 
in 1889 and 1840 took an active part in what was known as 
the Broad Seal War. He opposed the proceedings of the 
Governor and the majority of the Legislature, and bore the 
principal part of the discussion against them. In 1843, his party 
having a majority in the Legislature, he was chosen Governor 
and Chancellor for the usual term of one year, but continued in 
office for a number of months longer until his successor was 
installed. His efforts in behalf of education, and a new Con- 
stitution have left their impress in the t State Normal School, first 
proposed by him ; and the present Constitution of the State, which 
he advocated, and as a Commissioner assisted in making. 
His decisions gave general satisfaction, and are recorded in 
Green's Chancery Reports. He declined the nomination under 
the new Constitution, because it would violate its spirit, as 
he was Governor when it was adopted, and one of its provisions 


was that thereafter no Governor should be re-elected to a 
successive term. In 1847 he was re-nominated and elected; 
by the weight of his character re-instating his party. In 1852, 
he was placed upon the Bench of the Supreme Court, and served 
for two successive terms of seven years each. His circuit 
included Newark and Elizabeth. Later in life he was placed by 
both parties upon judicial commissions relative to State bound- 
aries and the municipal affairs of Jersey City and Paterson, his 
great probity, judicial fairness and ability gave entire satis- 
faction. He was thoroughly in sympathy with the Union cause. 
One son, Captain Thomas R. Haines, laid down his life on his 
country's altar. The other son became Chaplain and served 
three years. A son-in-law, Major Frank H. Tucker, also served 
in the army. Judge Haines was otherwise very active, both 
in securing victory while the war continued, and after it was over 
in healing the wounds it had caused. 

He became a member of the North Hardyston Church in 
1831 ; was made an Elder in 1837, and was often sent by the 
Rockaway Presbytery to represent it in the New School General 
Assembly. He was one of the committee for the re-union 
of the two branches of the church, and several times, at 
critical junctures, saved that project from defeat. He was con- 
nected with the establishment of the Asylum at Trenton ; the 
Home for Disabled Soldiers at Newark ; the Reform School for 
Juvenile Delinquents; the National Prison Reform Congress at 
Cincinnati, and one of the Commissioners to organize an Inter- 
national Congress on Discipline and Reform, which met in 
London. He was made Vice-President, and presided over some 
of its sessions in Middle Temple Hall. While abroad he 
received marked attention from English Judges, and other distin- 
guished men, of different countries. 

He was the oldest Trustee of Princeton College at the time 
of his death, having been first appointed in 1844, resigned 
when made Governor in 1817, and re-chosen in 1850. One 
of the foremost of New Jersey Jurists wrote as follows : 

" What a beautiful exemplification of the Christian gentle- 
man he was ! 


u As a Judge he was unequalled in personal influence. His 
reputation for purity and integrity was such that juries followed 
his opinion whenever they could discern them. Had it not been 
that his common sense made him almost always right, his very 
excellence of character might have worked occasional wrong." 

"The consolation of his family can be partially found in the 
sense of the estimate which all good people have of the lifetime 
and beauty of his character.'" 

His remains were borne to their last resting place by a large 
concourse of friends. Impressive addresses were delivered 
by Rev. Dr. Stearns and Dr. Craven of Newark, giving very 
just tributes to the memory of the deceased. Rev. Dr. Fair- 
child, venerable in age and appearance, once Judge Haines' 
pastor at Hamburg, closed the services. Governor Bedle issued 
an order that the National flags on the State buildings should be 
displayed at half-mast, and at 2 o'clock on Tuesday the day of the 
funeral a salute be fired at Trenton. 

Dr. Irseneus Prime spoke of him in the New York Observer : 

" It has been our pleasure to enjoy the personal acquaintance 
of Gov. Haines for a long term of years, and to be often associa- 
ted with him in philanthropic labors. Of a remarkably quiet, 
gentle and devout spirit, modest and unobtrusive always, yet firm, 
patient and persistent in well-doing, he was upright and efficient 
in every public and private relation. A man of God, hating 
covetousness, a magistrate above reproach or suspicion, an Elder 
ruling well in the Presbyterian Church, he adorned every station 
to which he was called, and by his just, generous and kindly man- 
ner, won the regard and respect of all who came into contact with 
him. He had recently been appointed a delegate to the Presby- 
terian Alliance to meet in Edinburg, Scotland, next July, but he 
declined on account of the state of his health. He had filled the 
measure of his days with usefulness and honor, but we need such 
men more and more as their places are made vacant." 
The Presbyterian Encyclopaedia says of him : 
•' Useful and honored as Judge Haines was in political life, 
lie was even more useful and greatly beloved as a pious man. He 
was a man of prayer and constant study of the Divine word. He 
was very conscientious in the observance of the Sabbath, and had 
an ardent desire for the conversion of souls. During all the years 
of his public life he continued to take an active part in the prayer 
meeting. When he was Governor, a physician of Trenton re- 


marked : ' I have seen a strange sight to-day — the Governor of 
this State go into the room of a man, a stranger, and kneeling at 
his bedside pray for his salvation.' . 

; ' Governor Haines had great influence in private conversa- 
tion, and thereby led many to the Saviour, some of them mem- 
bers of the Bar of New Jersey. < )n his last Sabbath afternoon he 
made a list of families and persons to be prayed for and visited 
that week. He was a Sabbath School Superintendent for nearly 
half a century, and generally taught a Bible class. For forty 
years he made the offer of a copy of the Bible, or of some stand- 
ard religious work, to every scholar committing to memory the 
Assembly's Shorter Catechism. About the year 1837 he was en- 
gaged in a Sunday School work near his home, where, upon a 
mountain, men, women and children from the charcoal burners 
were gathered in a log house for religious instruction. The last 
Sabbath of his life he superintended his Sabbath School, taught 
his class and attended public services twice. He proposed to con- 
duct a meeting in a private house on the last evening of his life, 
but before the hour came he was stricken with death. Thus he 
brought forth fruit in old age, passing away in the still, calm 
beautv bv which his life had been adorned." 



The name Wattkill was given to our river by the Dutch set- 
tlers at its mouth, near Esopus,or Kingston, who called it after the 
River Waal, in Holland, from which they had come. The Indians 
named the part above the Drowned Lands Tivisch-saiv-hin Creek. 
It is so marked on the map drawn from the survey made in 1769, 
by order of the commissioners appointed to settle the partition 
line between the Provinces of New York and New Jersey. This 
is probably the same name as JVis-au-Jcin, said to mean River of 

The earliest bridge across the upper Wallkill, at Hamburg, 
was in the bend at the mouth of the little brook from the cream- 
ery and over the island. The foundation of this bridge may still 
be seen, as well as the lines of road approaching it. A later 
bridge was erected a little farther up the stream, just above the 
big rock on the Haines farm. The stones of the abutments of 
this bridge still remain, as well as some of the timbers which 
formed the pier under the water. From the bridge the road led 
past the poplar tree which marks the site of one of the three houses 
which stood in the meadow. The last house was standing as late 
as 1822, and in one of the three lived John Elridge, the grand- 
father of Peter Yatman, and in another, Jonathan Sharp, the 
great-grandfather of Doctor Jackson B. Pellet. The road passed 
the old houses, and by the Shee and Lawrence store and dwellings. 

From the bridge in the opposite direction a road went up the 
hill to Sharp's store, where it crooked to pass in front of the stone 
mill location, where two or three houses once stood ; and thence by 
the Odell house on to Ford's, and to the Windfield log house at 
the foot of the mountain. 


The State road from Newburg led past the Indian camp to 
the Walling house, turned by the Indian burying ground, and 
passing down the hill crossed the kill by the bridge. A more 
direct road was made, about 1795, from the Walling house to the 
one coming up from the kill to Sharp's store, and it ran through 
the creamery garden, before the house itself was built 

The Indian Burying Ground covered the flat formerly in the 
rear of the Margerum house and the store of Robert A. Linn. 
Here for years stone implements were dug up and numerous skel- 
etons. The bones of an Indian, found here when gravel was 
taken for the public road, were in the pessession of Dr. L'Hom- 
medien. The construction of the Midland Railroad unearthed 
many bones. Among them, those of a Sachem, buried with beads 
and a silver medal and silver bell. 

The site of the Indian Camp is marked by a great ring of 
ashes upon which the wigwams once stood with their fires. The 
circle of ashes extended over the lots of the late Dr. William H. 
Linn and Peter Yatman. It is less distinct than in former years 
from the cultivation and frequent plowing of the ground. The 
attraction for the camp was the fine spring of water in the rear 
of the lots. Evidence of the Indian occupation was once abun- 
dant in the large number of worked flints and the charred and 
broken bones of animals found in the ash heaps. The bones 
seemed to indicate a comparatively recent occupation. 

Along the road, in the same field with the Indian burying 
ground, stood the Barracks or block-house, which was garrisoned 
at times during the Revolutionary war, and was the place of 
rendezvous , for the Second Regiment of Sussex Militia. The 
garrison was necessary to keep in awe the Tory sympathizers with 
the British, and to prevent the marauding parties of freebooters 
from making their incursions. 

The Second Regiment of Sussex Militia was mainly raised in 
Ilardyston, and as most of the officers and men were from this 
vicinity it is deserving of especial mention. The following is the 
roster of its Field and Staff* officers : 

Ephraim Martin, Colonel, lived at Sparta, 

John Seward, Captain, Lt.-Colonel, Colonel, at Snufftown, 


Daniel Harker, Lt.-Colonel, at Upper Hamburg, 

James Broderick, Captain, First Major, near Sparta, 

Samuel Meeker, Captain, Second Major, near Ogdensburg, 

Joseph Linn, Adjutant, near Monroe Corners. 

Isaac Hull, Quarter Master. 

Henry Johnson, Quarter Master. 

Cornelius Baldwin, Surgeon. 

At one time when the headquarters of the American army 
were transferred from Morristown to Newburg, a detachment of 
the Continental army encamped on the meadows of the Haines 
and Lawrence farms. Tradition says that they remained here 
thoughout one entire fall. 

Burgoyne's army surrendered at Saratoga in October, 1777. 
By the terms of the surrender, the prisoners were to be paroled 
and sent home by way of Boston. When they had gone as far as 
Boston, General Howe exhibited considerable duplicity. General 
Burgoyne hesitated to give the list of the officers and men re- 
quired, Congress became alarmed, and a resolution was passed that 
the prisoners should not be released until the British government 
had given formal agreement to the terms of capitulation. Bur- 
goyne himself was permitted to return to England on parole, but 
his officers with their army were marched back to the interior of 
the country, as far as Pennsylvania, and some went to Virginia. 
On this march they passed through here under guard. The pris- 
oners had been as well cared for as circumstances allowed, but 
their uniforms were ragged and they presented a very shabby ap- 
pearance. The Hessians were still more dejected looking. They 
were less cleanly than the English regulars, and seemed without 
ambition or hope. Some had wives and young children with 
them, and they formed a miserable and motley crew. They were 
very willing to abandon the profession of arms and settle in any 
place where they might live in quiet. 

Colonel John Seward, long the commander of the Second 
Regiment of Sussex Militia, lived near Snufftown on what is now 
the Margerum property. Col. Seward's father, Obadiah, came 
from Wales and settled in Somerset county, where his son was 
born at Lamington, the 23d of May, 1730. John married Mary 
Swezy, in 1751. They moved to Hardyston and his name appears 


in 1767 as a member of the Board of Chosen Freeholders. A 
soldier of the Revolution, he was at first a private of Captain 
M' Mi res' Company in the First Battalion, first establishment of 
Jersey Line. lie was then Captain of Second Regiment, Sussex 
troops, promoted Lieutenant-Colonel February 28th, 1777, and 
later to be Colonel of the same regiment, he did faithful service 
in resisting the Tories, driving off the marauding bands who 'for 
a time infested Snufftown Mountain and capturing some of them. 
His house was barricaded for defence. The sum of £50 was 
offered by the British for his head ; and he once shot a British 
spy who was lurking with apparent evil intent in the neighbor- 
hood of his house. One afternoon in the woods he heard the click 
of a flint lock, and looked up to see an Indian who had drawn his 
rifle upon him, but whose weapon failed to go off. He drew his 
own rifle in an instant and called upon the Indian to surrender 
The savage vainly sought to dodge among the trees, but was soon 
made to yield and brought in as a prisoner. 

Colonel Seward's son, Doctor Samuel Swezy Seward, was 
born in the house upon the mountain, practiced medicine in Har- 
dyston and Vernon, and afterwards removed to Florida, Orange 
Co., X. Y., where his distinguished son, AVilliam Henry Seward, 
was born in 1801. Doctor Seward was at the time of his death 
the wealthiest man in Orange county. His son, George Wash- 
ington Seward, still survives at an advanced age. 

( \yptain Joseph Harker had a farm and house near where 
Samuel Wilson now lives. The foundation of the house is still to 
be seen near the Wallkill, by which the road formerly ran. He 
recruited his company in this vicinity and belonged to the Second 
Sussex Regiment. With a portion of his men he joined the 
Goshen troops who were going to the Minisink region, and partic- 
ipated in the battle of July 22d, 1779. He was wounded and 
some of his men were killed. When he went away from home 
with his company, Xathaniel Martin, of Wantage, who was then 
quite a lad, staid at his house to protect his family. 

Reuben Mosier came to this vicinity when a boy, having, it 
is said, escaped with his mother from an Indian massacre in which 
several of his family were slain. He had just grown to manhood 


when the war of the Revolution broke out, and he joined Captain 
Joseph Barker's Co. He lived in Red Cedar Hollow in a log 
house, near the Widow Mitten's. His descendants by his daugh- 
ters are still living in Hardy ston. 

Lieut.-Coi.onel Daniel Harker, of the Second Sussex Reg-i- 

' CD 

ment, was supposed to have owned and lived upon the farm in 
Upper Hamburg, which was known as the Harker farm, but in 
later years belonged to Peter Fountain. After the Revolution he 
removed with his brother, Capt. Harker, to Stillwater, where their 
descendants still live. 

Henry Winfield was a soldier of the Revolutionary Army 
and rose to the rank of Lieutenant. He was among the few of a 
detachment who were surrounded by the British during the 
retreat after the battle of Long Island, and escaped by swimming 
a mill pond that was situated about the centre of Williamsburg as 
it now stands. He was also engaged in a number of battles along 
the Hudson, and was on duty at West Point for some time. He 
is thought to have been with General Wayne at the capture of 
West Point, and his commission as Lieutenant is dated from that 
time. After the war, he returned and married Mary Rodgers 
and raised a family of children. He died in 1840 at the age of 87 
years, in the house which he built, now occupied by his great- 
grandson, Henry Winfield Couplin. 

Henry Winfield's father was one of four brothers who came 
here from Germany, and he built his house, which was uf logs, 
near the trout pond on the present Couplin farm. 

Samuel Edsall came from Reading, Berkshire Co., England, 
in the ship Tryall, in 1648, landed in Boston, and came to New 
Amsterdam previous to 1655 when he married his first wife there. 
His knowledge of the Indian tongues made him highly esteemed 
as an interpreter and negotiator between the Indians and the 
Dutch, and the early English settlers in New Jersey. He died 
soon after 1701. 

His youngest son, Richard, by his third wife, Ruth Wood- 
hull, was born about 1682. A surveyor, he resided in Newtown, 
L. I., then at Hackensack, N. J., and finally in Orange Co., N. Y. 
Richard's third wife was Hillegonde DeKey, of New York, by 


whom be had live sons and one daughter. Among these were 
Jacobus and Richard 2d. 

Jacobus (Dutch for James) born 1724, baptized 1725, in 
Hackensack D. R. Church, was Captain in the Second Regiment 
N. J. troops. His wife was Charlotte, a daughter of Colonel 
Joseph Barton, of Sussex Co. She had a brother, Benjamin Bar- 
ton, who was arrested by General Sullivan, in August, 1777, 
charged with having received the appointment of Captain in the 
British Army. His Edsall relatives became surety for his good 
behavior, but he broke his parole and went over to the enemy. 
His family was sent after him to Staten Island within the British 
lines. Jacobus had four sons, Richard, Jacobus 2d, Benjamin and 

His son, Richard 2d, born 1750, was also a Captain in the 
Second Sussex Regiment N. J. troops, and Lieutenant in the Jer- 
sey line of the Continental Army. Father and son participated in 
the battles of Brandywine and Monmouth and other conflicts of 
the Revolution. Richard was a land surveyor and lived at 
English Neighborhood, Bergen Co., when the war began. He 
married his first wife Polly, eldest daughter of Colonel John Sew- 
ard, of Snufftown, in 1771. She died soon after and was buried 
at Warwick, N. Y. His second wife was Jemima Seely, born 
January 28th, 1702, and died January 1st, 1843. He lived in 
Vernon, became entirely Wind, and died May 10th, 1S23. 

Joseph, son of Richard 2d, born in Vernon township July 
12th, 17S3, was Quarter-master in the army during the war of 
1812, and a member of the Legislature in 1825. He married 
Sarah DeKay, and died in Vernon April 5th, 1833. He was the 
father of Richard E. Edsall, of Hamburg. 

Jaxxibus 2d, commonly called " Coby,". was attached to Cap- 
tain Iluddy's Co. of artillery, State troops. His brothers, Benja- 
min and Joseph, were privates in the State troops. Coby lived at 
Rudeville in a log house near where his grandson, Benjamin II. 
Edsall, now lives. He received a pension from the Government 
for his Revolutionary services, and was very bitter in his hatred of 
the British. He married Mary Simpson, daughter of Henry 
Simpson 2d, of McAfee Valley. Their children were : Sally, 


wife of Benjamin Hamilton ; James, Henry, Joseph E., William, 
George, Richard and Thomas. Jacobus was born 1754, and 
died 1S39. His wife, Mary Simpson, was born 1760, and died 
1851, aged 91 years. 

The surrender of Burgoyne's Army, at Saratoga, October 
1777, had diminished the British forces required for a regular 
campaign in the year 177S, and it was determined to employ the 
Indians, and Tories, in carrying on a war of devastation on the 
frontier. The destruction of the Wyoming settlements was re- 
solved upon, because so many of the men of this region had early 
declared against British tyranny, and large numbers of them had 
volunteered in the Continental Army. The beautiful valley was 
desolated. The dwellings were burned, and the inhabitants mur- 
dered, with the exception of those few who were carried into 
hopeless captivity. The cruelties perpetrated tilled the country 
with horror. Those who could,fled for their lives,with the loss of all 
they possessed. Numbers of fugitives came to Hardyston with 
their sad story, and awakened the sympathy and compassion of our 
people. One of them was Angustus Hunt, whose son, Rev. liol- 
loway W. Hunt, became the Presbyterian pastor here, and 
continued his ministrations for seven years. Among those who 
fell by the tomahawk was William Marsh, an early settler in 
Hamburg, and the first minister of the Baptist congre- 
gation of New Town, Hardys Town and Frankford. The 
leader in these atrocites was Joseph Brandt, of the Mohawk tribes, 
who had received a christian education. He was commissioned 
Colonel by the British, and at the head of a force of Indians and 
disguised Tories carried fire and bloodshed through our western 
settlements. In the summer of 1779, Brandt, with his blood 
thirsty forces, broke into the Minisink region, and committed 
great ravages, killing the settlers and burning their homes. 

On the 20th of July, 1779, Colonel Benjamin Tustin, of 
Goshen, received, by express, tidings of the dreadful occurrences, 
and summoned the officers of his regiment to rendezvous, the next 
day, with all the men they could collect. The order was obeyed 
with alacrity. Major Samuel Meeker and Captain Joseph Harker, 
of the Jersey Militia, with portions of their commands assembled 


with them. Col. Tustin, with his small force, decided not to pur- 
sue the enemy, but Major Meeker mounted his horse and shouted, 
" Let the brave men follow me, cowards may stay at home.'' 
The disaster of the day is attributed to this rashness of Major 
Meeker. His words decided the question, and they marched in 
pursuit, making seventeen miles the first day, and camping on the 
same ground occupied the night previous by the enemy. Colonel 
John Hathorn. associated with our village in its early history, here 
joined with a small additional force, and as the ranking officer, 
took the command. He approved of Colonel Tustin's caution, and 
called the officers together to hold a council. Meeker again over- 
came all prudence by his bold talk, and they marched forward 
until they fell into the murderous ambush of Brandt. Our men 
threw themselves into a square as soon as the situation was per- 
ceived, and fought with great bravery, against overwhelming num- 
bers advantageously posted. Of the eighty men engaged, forty- 
four, including Colonel Tustin, were slain. Major Meeker and 
Captain Harker were severely wounded. Of the fallen, ten or 
twelve were of the Jersey troops. Among these were Captain 
Stephen Mead, David Talmage, Nathan Wade and Corporal 
Eliakim Boss, of Hardy ston. Moses DeWitt, of Wantage, 
behaved with great bravery and was among the wounded. Lieu- 
tenant James Patton, of Major Meeker's command, received his 
discharge, June 8th, 17S0, on account of wounds, probably re- 
ceived in this battle. Forty-three years after the massacre, the 
bones of the victims were gathered and buried in the public, 
square in Goshen, where a monument is inscribed with their 
names. Colonel Hathorn, then 80 years of age, laid the founda- 
tion stone, July 22d, 1822. 

A body of four thousand men, styled the Western Army, 
was formed, for the purpose of chastizing he Indian Allies 
of the British. To the command of this force General John 
Sullivan was appointed in the spring of 17S9 ; and Colonel Fran- 
cis Barber, son-in-law of Robert Ogden, 2d, was made its Adju- 
tant General. General Sullivan broke up the Indian settlement 
along the Susquehannah, and drove the Indians to the Niagara 
River. In a battle with the savages, August 29th, at Conewawa 


N. Y., Colonel Barber was wounded in the head, but not so 
severely as to prevent his appearing soon after, in active service. 
This gallant officer participated in most of the great battles of the 
Revolution, and was with Washington, at Newburg, when the Gen- 
eral announced to his officers the close of the war. A few hours 
later, he rode near a tree which some soldiers were felling 
and was instantly killed. He was a man of finished education, 
a popular officer, and a christian gentleman. 

Colonel John Rosencrantz, of Walpack, with a regiment of 
Sussex Militia, accompanied General Sullivan upon this expedi- 
tion, and was advanced to the command of a brigade. There were 
four hnndred of the Jersey Militia, and their promptitude was 
highly commended. At this time, or later in the war, Colonel 
Rosencrantz received a wound in the shoulder, from the effects 
of which he never recovered. It broke out afresh, causing 
his death three years after the war ended. 

All the Indians did not at once disappear, but returned and 
made incursions into our territory. An Indian band, headed by 
a noted Tory, named Daily, committed many murders, and again 
spread dismay along our borders. Once more our Jersey Militia 
were sent against them. The troops pursued them across the 
Delaware River, and succeeded in killing Daily, and in destroying 
and dispersing his followers. 

During the war of the Revolution, the people of this county 
were very much annoyed by the surprises of a Tory band, who 
mysteriously disappeared after their raids. At last one fellow 
was found in a house, where he was either sick or disabled by 
an accident. Threatened with hanging, he made a full confession, 
and gave information by which numbers of the gang were taken. 
In an old house, two chimneys came together, with a single top 
above the roof, and between was a closet, where three men 
were secreted. The interior of an old haystack had afforded a 
hiding place, and here several were taken. At first there was no 
answer to the demand " Come out and surrender." But when the 
leg of one man was seized, he was soon dragged out, and the rest 
made to follow, and the stack was shortly ablaze. The pursuing 
party came to a large house, somewhere on the Snufftown Moun- 


tain, where the owner received them with much apparent frank- 
ness, and conducted them over the house, telling them they should 
see everything and find all right on his premises. He brought 
them to the last room, saying, " My wife is here very sick, and 
you need not disturb her, but just go in and see that there is 
nothing there." They said that they would not harm the sick, 
woman, but the men followed their captain in. Over the floor in 
the middle of the room, a green baize cloth had been tacked clown, 
and on it stood the bed with its occupant. They lifted the bed- 
stead and woman aside, took up the cloth, and found a trap-door 
in the floor, beneath which was an excavation where half a dozen 
fellows were hiding. Other ruffians were picked up elsewhere, 
and the Captain started for Goshen with quite a company of pris- 
oners. When night came on, they camped, made a pen of logs for 
the culprits, and built a large fire, but drank so freely of whisky 3 
from a big keg they had taken, that the guards all went to sleep, 
and their prisoners escaped. 

Claudius Smith was a recognized leader of the free-bo oters 
who ravaged Orange County and extended their depradations 
over into Sussex. He robbed the house of Robert Ogden, in the 
winter of 1778. He lived near the site of the present town 
of Monroe, with three sons, desperadoes like himself. He 
was a terror to the whole region, and a large reward was 
offered for his apprehension. He eluded pursuit by going to 
Long Island, where he was tracked and captured, near ( )yster 
Bay, and thence taken to Goshen. He was chained to the jail 
floor and a strong guard kept over him, until January 22d, 1779, 
when he was hung, with two others, Gordon and De la Mar. His 
son, Dick, committed several murders afterwards, in revenge, as 
he said, for the hanging of his father. Claudius Smith was con- 
nected with the robber, Bonnell Moody, who had a place of retreat 
near Newton, and after the war escaped to England, where he 
published an exaggerated story of his career. He received a Lieu- 
tenant's commission in the British Army, and a pension. His 
brother was captured and hung. 

The following letter was written in behalf of Hugh Max- 
well, who was in New Town jail, under sentence of death, and 


was afterwards executed. 

Dear Sir: I have enclosed to his excellency, the Governor, 
several affidavits, etc., in favor of the Criminal Maxwell ; whom ] 
verily believe is altogether innocent of the charge against him ; 
and I cannot but think, that the evidence in his favor is quite suf- 
ficient to convince every candid, unprejudiced mind, open to con- 
viction ; and you may be assured there are many hundreds of 
persons in the county, who are entirely persuaded he is not guilty. 

I doubt not you will do all in your power to preserve the 
life of one whom I think is innocent. I am in no wa}*s partial 
towards him ; and if after all, the man is executed, I shall have 
the satisfaction to reflect I have done my duty, and that his blood 
will not be upon me. 

1 am, dear sir, your friend and very humble servant, 

T t zal Ogden. 

Newtown, Sept. 7th, 1780. 

To the Hon. Robert Ogden, Esq., at Sparta. 

Favored by Mr. Broderick 

Ephraim Woodruff belonged to Colonel Oliver Spencer's 
regiment of the Continental Army. He was present and partici- 
pated in a number of the great battles of the Revolutionary war . 
As years increased upon him he delighted to narrate the stirring- 
incidents of his military life. lie taught the school at Ogden sburg 
in a log house, which occupied the site of the present school house, 
and was donated for the purpose by Robert Ogden, Jr. 

In this school house religious services were sometimes held, 
and a weekly prayer meeting maintained. Mr. Woodruff's log 
house stood beside the school house, and was very much of the 
same pattern. 

William Johnson 2d and Cornelius Devore were soldiers 
of the Revolution and pensioners. Their certificates were signed 
by John C. Calhonn, Secretary of War in 1822. 

Major Jonathan McPeake was a soldier in the Continental 
Army and settled in Hardyston after the war. His son Jona- 
than, was born in 1800. His wife was Sophia Maines, daughter 
of Peter Mains, of Sparta, a Revolutionary soldier, and Olive Bas- 

Olive Bassett, wife of Peter Mains, died at an advanced age 
about the year 1850. Their log house stood two miles from Sparta 
on the Newton road. Thev were living there when the Ameri- 


can Army passed through, on its way to the Delaware River, as 
she supposed. It was in the winter time, with snow upon the 
ground. Many of the soldiers had no shoes, and blood from their 
frozen feet marked the snow. Some of them had their feet bound 
up with rags, and begged from her all the old clothes she had to 
give them. Her oven stood by itself outside, and she had in it a 
large baking of bread, but the soldiers took it all. 

Simon Wade was a member of the Second Sussex Regiment, 
and during the Revolutionary War served in a powder manufac- 
tory. His family early settled in Connecticut. His brother Na- 
than Wade, was killed in the battle of Minisink. He was a car- 
penter by trade, and first came to Hardyston in the employ of 
Robert Ogden, Sr. He married Abigail Beardslee, of Pough- 
keepsie, 1ST. Y., purchased his farm from Robert Ogden, Sr., and 
erected the house and buildings now standing. He died Septem- 
ber 21st, 1817, aged sixty -eight years. 

Charles Wade, son of Simon, was born at the homestead, 
December 4th. 1796. His wife was Mary Jane, daughter of 
Elder Samuel Tuttle. Mr. Wade died November 22d, 1S69. 
He was highly esteemed for his integrity of character and upright- 
ness in business. He was for many years a member of the North 
Church and much interested in all that pertained to its welfare. 



Five forges, worked at different times, stood at the "Head 
of the Wallkill," near the present village of Sparta. 

The Ogden forge was a mile from Ogdensbnrg, and a mile 
and half above Franklin Furnace. The time of its erection was 
very early. At the beginning of this century, and until his death 
in 1805, it was run by Major Elias Ogden, who brought most of 
his ore from the Ogden Mine on the top of the mountain. 

Previous to the Revolutionary War, ore from the Ogden 
Mine was transported on pack horses to the forges in Morris 
County. Dr. Fowler's " New Forge " was put up on the bank 
of the Wallkill in the rear of the Catholic Church. 

An ancient forge stood near the site of the old Franklin 
furnace, and was operated as early as 1765, when Michael 
Rorick came from Bergen in the employ of the men who 
ran it. The leading man was William A. Potts, reported 
to have been so wealthy, that if all his money had been 
turned into silver dollars, no four-horse team could have 
drawn them. Upon the mountain are lands still called after 
Potts, the former owner. An old deed calls for a " marked 
tree at the corner of the Potts mountain tract, now of the 
Franklin Manufacturing Company." The birch-flat is spoken 
of as having belonged to Potts. John Potts had a mountain 
survey made as late as 1788, and recorded in the Clerk's Office in 
1792. At the breaking out of hostilities, 1776, the proprietors of 
the forge withdrew to New York, being Englishmen and sympa- 
thizing with the British. The works were then unused for years. 
John Odell Ford, who lived at Stockholm, repaired and enlarged 


them, and expended much money in the endeavor to make iron 
from Franklinite ore. He was very persistent, but could not keep 
up the required heat, and salamander after salamander resulted. 
Dr. Fowler was asssociated with him for a time, and upon Mr. 
Ford's failure bought out his interest, took the works, and finally 
came into possession of all the mineral lands. These were not 
highly appreciated at that time, and so little value was set upon 
Mine Hill, which contains such a wealth of zinc and iron, that 
even Dr. Fowler never took pains to perfect his title to it, and it 
was done by his heirs some time after his death. He ran this and 
his other forges successfully, improving upon the methods of smelt- 
ing hitherto used. In a letter he once expressed his opinion that 
the reduction of Franklinite ore required a greater heat than 
could be produced by charcoal, and furnaces must be perfected for 
the use of anthracite coal. 

There were zinc works near the Franklin grist mill where the 
old fulling mill house was supplied with a chimney and re- 
arranged for use. Mr. Ballon, a man of some scientific attainments* 
was for a long time employed in the endeavor to work the zinc. 
By his fires most of the zinc was evaporized and escaped through 
the chimney. lie also attempted to separate the iron from the 
zinc by mechanical operation, reducing the ore to powder and 
taking out the iron particles by a series of magnets^ ranged upon 
a wheel. His methods were not successful enough to warrant ' 
their long employment. His experience however was valuable to 
others, and at a later time a great zinc house was erected, with a 
series of bags, within which the zinc vapor was held until it was 
deposited in a white or blue powder. This powder mixed with 
oils made a valuable paint. The zinc paint of commerce is little 
more than the same article, improved in its process of manufac- 

The Franklin Manufacturing Company erected the charcoal 
blast furnace. Oliver Ames and Oakes Ames, of Massachusetts) 
were the principal onwers, and William L. Ames was their super- 
intendent. They introduced the casting of stoves and rolling of 
sheet iron. For the latter purpose their quality of iron was well 
adapted, and the stoves and pipe made by them were far more last- 


ing than those produced in later years. 

The Company had several re-organizations. A process was 
thought to have been discovered which would make both iron and 
zinc from Franklinite mineral at the same time. A new and 
larger blast furnace was put up a little farther from the kill, at a 
cost of $100,000, with zinc works in connection. But the process 
failed to meet the sanguine expectations of its inventors. Charles 
C. Alger brought suit against this Company, and against Joseph 
E. Edsall. and recovered a small amount of damages for infringe- 
ment upon his patent for hot blast chimneys in furnaces. 

The Boston Franklinite Company was organized by gentle- 
men mostly from Massachusetts, and John H. Brown, who had 
been long associated with the Ames brothers, was their superin- 
tendent. In 1867, William E. Dodge, Moses Taylor, John I. 
Blair, the Scrantons and others, stockholders of the Lackawanna 
Iron and Coal Company, of Scranton, Pa., purchased the entire in- 
terest, and under a new charter became, in 1872, the Franklin 
Iron Company. By purchase this Company- own large tracts of 
land, estimated at 15,000 acres, embracing farm and wood lands, 
and including many valuable ore mines. A portion of these 
tracts lie in Passaic County. The present large furnace was 
erected at a cost of half a million of dollars, and completed in 1873. 
With few interruptions it has been running ever since, producing 
large quantities of pig iron which is sent to Scranton and trans- 
formed into Bessimer steel. The company carried on a long liti- 
gation with the New Jersey Zinc Company, the contest ending 
finally in their favor. A compromise has been effected, by which 
the Franklin Iron Company became possessed of the rights of the 
New Jersey Zinc Company, and now engages in zinc mining. 
The Sussex Branch Railroad was extended from Newton to 
McAfee Valley by this company, mainly for their own conven- 
ience in mining and making iron. 

Isaac Sharp, of Piles, in the county of Salem, and Western 
division of the Province of New Jersey, made his will March 22d, 
1770. By this he constituted his widow Elizabeth executrix, and 
his son Joseph executor. On the 20th of March, 1775, the widow 
Elizabeth, and Joseph and his wife Grace, conveyed 182 acres of 


the Pepo-Cotten lands to Ezekiel Dennis, of Sussex, who was the 
progenitor of our Dennis families. 

This Joseph was Joseph, Senior, who married the widow 
Grace Bassett, a Quakeress, who always wore the Quaker dress. 
They had quite a number of sons. She had money in her own 
right, and was a woman of much refinement and benevolence. 

Joseph, Senior, came to Hamburg before the Revolutionary 
war, and took possession of the lands to which his father Isaac had 
proprietery claims. These lands extended along the Wallkill from 
the State line, and, with a few breaks, to the Ogden tract above 
Franklin Furnace and to Penn's line, with extensive mountain 
tracts. He built the forge or furnace near the Fountain bridge, 
and named it the Sharpsboro Iron Works. The manufacture of 
iron under the restrictions imposed by the British Government was 
not remunerative, and under financial embarrassment he returned 
to Salem. 

The works abandoned by Sharp fell into the hands of 
Stephen Ford, Senior, who lived in the house, near the Upper 
Hamburg bridge, which was afterwards enlarged by his son David. 
He was a native of England and sympathized with the English 
during the war of Independence. It is said that he made iron 
for the use of the British Army and cast cannon balls for them. 
His men often performed their work at night, and the children 
and females of the family carried food for the workmen from the 
house to the forge after dark. He received considerable sums of 
English gold wlnbh he secreted in small bags let down in the par- 
tition walls between the plastering. He had sheet iron shutters 
made at the forge for the windows of his house. This was reputed 
to be a place of retreat for the more open Tories and free booters 
when they were closely pursued. He seems to have been on good 
terms with his neighbors, even the patriotic ones, and kept quiet 
in the later years of the war, escaping arrest although under sur- 

After the Revolution the sons of Joseph Sharp, Senior, Jos- 
eph, Junior, and William, rode up on horseback to occupy the 
property inherited from their father. The forge was started under 
the direction of the sons, and another was built on the site of the 


saw mill above the present paper mill. When William became 
deranged, Joseph associated his brother-in-law with him in busi- 
ness, and Colonel John Hathorn, of Warwick, was their clerk or 
superintendent. The business in their hands was not profitable, 
and except for the rise in value in his landed property, Colonel 
Joseph Sharp would have become a bankrupt. 

Stephen Ford, Senior, before mentioned, had two sons, 
Stephen, Junior, and David. Stephen, Jr., was a merchant and 
carried on business in the store house that he built near his father's 
dwelling, and which is still standing, having been used by a long 
succession of store-keepers. lie went to New York for the pur- 
pose of buying goods, and died there with the yellow fever which 
was then prevailing in the city. 

David Ford was the second son of Stephen, Senior, lie was 
interested in the forges with the Sharps, or after them. Soon 
after his brother's death he entered into partnership with William 
Darrah, and they were associated until 1818. They conducted 
the store, the grist mill, and the Fountain bridge forge, and the 
firm of Ford & Darrah was extensively known. Ford was a 
Director of the Sussex Bank and Superintendent of a portion of 
the Paterson and Hamburg turnpike road. Under his supervision 
a large part of the difficult work over and through the mountains 
was done. His day book shows the setting of the mile-stones from 
Snufftown through Hamburg and Deckertown, October, 1830. In 
the midst of his business enterprises he died June 30th, 1837, in 
the sixtj-flfth year of his age. 

William Dakeaii, the partner of David Ford for many years, 
was born near Hamburg 1777. His large farm lay half way from 
the village to Franklin Furnace, and adjoined the forge lot, which 
still bears the names of himself and partner. The house in which 
he spent most of his clays is still standing in the field in sight from 
the public highway. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Captain 
Richard Edsall, of Vernon, and had a large family of sons 
and daughters. Henry Thompson Darrah, his eldest son, 
succeeded him in business. In October, 1818, he was ap- 
pointed Sheriff of Sussex county, and served three years. There 
were many civil suits and judgments, and many Sheriffs sales of 


property while he was in office. lie built the Martin Mabee 
house, was remembered as a kind friend and good citizen, 
and died, in 1830, in his fifty-third year. lie is buried 
a few feet only from his partner, David Ford, at Hamburg. In 
1S3T his family immigrated to Missouri. 

In 1792 Jesse Potts and his brother came from Trenton, 
and built a more extensive forge than any hitherto constructed in 
this region. This was located farther down the AVallkill, and the 
site is below the Haines homestead. The timbers were very large 
and cut in Pochuck Mountain. In hauling a large stick of timber 
one man was killed. The dam was washed out in a freshet, and 
the Potts brothers, after several misfortunes, gave up business at 
this place and moved away. It is said, 1 know not with how 
much certainty, that they, with members of their family, after- 
wards founded Pottsville, Pa. They are supposed to have been 
connected with the Potts who erected the first forge at Franklin 
Furnace, in 1765; and possibly with Thomas Potts, who was 
high Sheriff of Sussex Co. from 1772 to 1775, although belonging 
to a younger generation. Joseph Sharp, Jr., took possession of 
their forge, and after a short time removed the building. Rem- 
nants of the dam still remain in the water of the stream. 

The Potts's called their forge the Hamburg Iron Works, 
from Hamburg, Germany. From this is derived the name of the 
village. The Sharps sought to perpetuate the name of Sharps- 
boro, by which the place had been called for some years, but when 
the Post Office was established, October 1st, 1795, it was called 
Hamburg. The German name is derived from two words, 
Hamme, a forest, and Burg, a fortress ; the whole signifying a 
Toxcer in the Woods. Hamburg was the second Post Office in 
the county, (which then included Warren County), Sussex Court 
House being established March 20th, 1793. The next in order of 
time was Sparta, January 1st, 1798. Previous to these Morris- 
town was the most northerly Post Office in the State. 

Colonel Joseph E. Edsall came into possession of the Sharps' 
lower forge near the site of the paper mill, and after running it 
for a time, built, a second forge in close proximity a few rods lower 
down, 1822-4. Adam Smith, of Canistear, now living in bis 


ninety-sixth year, was his carpenter. The great hammer beam 
was cut in Pochuck Mountain, and broke down the wagon in the 
village during its transportation. These forges were run much of 
the time at a dead loss, and Edsall was heavily in debt at the time 
he relinquished them, and was appointed County Clerk. 

The Hamburg Manufacturing Company was organized pre- 
vious to 1830, and purchased the forges of Edsall and other prop- 
erty adjoining. In 1834 this company took down the forges, and 
erected the charcoal hot air blast furnace on the same site. John 
F. Winslow was President of the company as well as of the Clin- 
ton Manufacturing Company, of Passaic. Among those associa- 
ted with him were Messrs. William Jackson, Makepeace and 
Huntington, who resided in Hamburg for a time. The two com- 
panies, by purchase and lease, held much valuable property. They 
were owners of the Clinton or Pochunk mine of hematite ore., 
which made iron of superior quality. This mine was on the farm 
of Nathan Smith, which the companies purchased. Peter M. 
Kyerson, of Pompton, transported much of the ore from this mine 
all the distance to his own furnace. lie constructed what was 
called the " gravity road," which branched from the public high- 
way opposite Francis Hamilton's place, and by gradual assent 
reached the ore beds. 

The Hamburg Company employed a large number of men 
in the mines, in chopping wood and burning charcoal upon the 
mountains, and at their furnace. Their employees occupied every 
available house in the vicinity, and the company put up a number 
of small dwellings of their own to which the name of " the 
City " was given. Their charcoal burners lived in log houses put 
up near the places where they worked. Their numerous teams 
tilled the highways as they carted ore and charcoal tojthe furnaces 
or transported their iron to the markets. Farmers found employ- 
ment for their teams in hauling ore, for which they received tick- 
ets entitling them to trade, to the amount due them, at any of the 
Hamburg stores. These stores were doing a good business, the 
upper and lower mills were running to their full capacity, grind- 
ing flour and feed, while farmers found ready sale near home for 
most of their farm products. 


In consequence of the failures of others and the general col- 
lapse of business enterprise at the time, misfortunes overtook the 
Hamburg and Clinton Companies, and they were forced to sus- 
pend in the Spring of 1838. This was a great blow to the village 
of Hamburg. It sent away some important families, threw many 
workmen out of employment, and brought much of the business 
activity of the place to a standstill. 

On the 27th of February, 1838, the Clinton Company agreed 
to sell to Peter M. Ryerson, of Pompton, for $22,500, six and 
eighty-five hundredths acres of their mine in Pochunk, upon 
which was part of their hematite or ore beds. After the company's 
failure, Dr. Elias L'Hommedieu was appointed trustee for the 
creditors and purchased, Dec. 7th, 183S, at a sale made by Sheriff 
John Brodrick, for $4,011, the entire property of one hundred 
and nine acres " whereon is the Clinton ore bed, usually called the 
Clinton Mine.''' 

Colonel Joseph E. Edsall had, by foreclosure of mortgage, 
regained possession of his lands, with all the improvements, fur- 
nace and houses, erected upon them. He united with Dr. L'Hom- 
medieu under the firm name of Edsall & L'Hommedieu, and they 
operated the mines and furnace for a time, until L'Hommedieu 
withdrew, in 1815, and removed to Newark, leaving all in Edsall's 
hands. The latter continued the business for four or five years 
longer, until near 1850, when iron ceased to be made on this spot, 
and the works fell into decay. Edsall used considerable ore 
brought from the Ogden Mine, and his son-in-law, Thomas D. 
Edsall, mined and carted it for him. 

Samuel Edward Margerum was an iron man and had a 
blacksmith shop in Hamburg. His wife was Mary Ford, daugh- 
ter of Stephen, Sr., and sister of David. He built the house, oppo- 
site John L. Wood's present shop, afterwards occupied by Sheriff 
John Brodrick. David Ford induced his sister after the death of 
her husband to sell her house and with her children make her 
home with him, he being unmarried. About 1822 he enlarged 
his father's house in upper Hamburg and built what is now the 
main part, but leaving the long wing with dining room and 
kitchen, which belongs to Revolutionary times. Mrs. Mary Ford 


Marge ni in was born in 1772 and died in 1850. She possessed a 
remarkable memory and loved to detail the stirring events of her 
early life. 

Stephen Ford Margerum, the son of Samuel Edward and 
Mary F. Margerum, was born at Hamburg 1793, and died 
in 1852. He inherited the enterprise of his family, and his 
business connections were veiy extensive. In 1827 he bought, at 
commissioners' sale, of the estate of William Smith, deceased, 
merchant of New York city, and partner of Elias Haines, 
1,088 65-100 acres of the Colonel Seward tract upon Snufftown 
Mountain. He added to this purchase by others afterwards made. 
The venerable John Seward mansion was his home, and his 
mother, Mrs. Mary F. Margerum, resided with him. The old 
house has only recently been taken down to make room for the 
more commodious and tasteful dwelling erected by his son, 
Noah II. Margerum. After standing a century and a quarter, 
much of the old frame was sound and good. 

Mr. Margerum had a saw mill and grist mill, and ran the 
forge, upon the Seward Creek branch of the Pequannock above 
his house and near the Vernon township line. 

When John O. Ford relinquished the Franklin works he 
started a new forge, the Windham, near his home at Snufftown. 
He had several sons, among them Sidney, Horace and Mahlon, 
who were engaged in mining and forging. They worked the 
forges at Snufftown, Stockholm and Milton, and carried on their 
works to a late period, making blooming iron and ship anchors. 
The charcoal iron works were unable to compete with the anthra- 
cite furnaces of Pennsylvania, and eventually all the forges along 
the Pequannock River were closed. 

The Clinton, or Pochunk Mine, lies within the limits of Ver- 
non township about two and a half miles from Hamburg, upon 
the summit and slopes of a white limestone ridge running 
parallel to the mountain a short distance from its base. The ore ? 
which is brown hematite, is irregularly distributed through a mass 
of highly ferruginous clayey loam, which shows a great display of 
color, texture and composition. The ore itself presents an equa 


diversity of appearance, but is all hematite. The mineral yields 
an iron superior to that of the magnetic ores and can be reduced 
with much less consumption of fuel. The ore was formerly 
carted fifteen miles to the Clinton Furnace and ten miles further to 
Pompton, and. after railroad connections were formed, was sent 
as far as Scranton. The Franklin Iron Company constructed a 
branch from the Susquehanna Railroad, at Hamburg, to McAfee 
Taller, a distance of three miles, to connect the mine by rail with 
Franklin Furnace. The working has ceased for over ten years, 
and the branch to the mine now forms part of the Lehigh 
A: Hudson Bailroad. 

The Edsall mine, at Rudeville, two miles from Hamburg, 
was discovered in sinking a well, and was opened a little earlier 
than the Clinton mine. It has the same valuable quality of ore. 
The excavation is nearly two hundred feet square, about sixty feet 
in depth, and is now mostly filled with water. A tunnel which 
once drained off much of the water has been closed. William 
Edsall was its former owner, and it is still in possession of his 
heirs. Some years ago they were offered quite a sum of money 
for it, but declined selling, and since then there has been no de- 
mand for the ore to invite purchasers. William Edsall raised 
large quantities of the ore, which he sold to the Franklin Manu- 
facturing Company, for some years previous to 1S40. Other fur- 
naces and forges were supplied from it. 

The Simpson mine, between the two, and just over the Ver- 
non line, has a large and valuable deposit of ore, but it has not 
been worked sufficiently for its development. 

Iron ore has been found upon the Rosencrantz farm, and was 
one inducement for the Franklin Iron Company to purchase it, at 
$30,000 for three hundred acres, from Mrs. Mary Rosencrantz, 
who inherited it from her father, Col. Joseph Sharp. 

The following letter, inserted by his permission, is from 
Hon. John I. Blair, now venerable in years, one of the most suc- 
cessful business men of his time, and who will be remembered 
by future generations for his large benificence in the cause of edu- 
cation : 


Blairstown, N. J., May 5, 1888. 
To Jacob L. Bunnell : 

My Dear Sir: — I read in the New Jersey Herald of last 
week, with great pleasure, the early history of' those intelligent 
and influential men, who, in the days of their generation, were the 
owners of those various forges, iron and zinc mines in the old 
county of Sussex. All these men have long since passed away and 
their property changed to other hands. Nothing remains now to 
remind this generation of the existence of those forges except the 

The narrative recalls to mind my first experience, seventy-one 
years ago, at the age of fifteen. I was then clerk in a store in the 
village of Hope, then in old Sussex, and went with a teamster 
with a load of barrel pork to exchange for iron. Early the first 
day we arrived at Sparta and stopped at the hotel of Dan Hurd, 
who was then the principal owner of Sparta, and owned and con- 
trolled a number of forges. Hurd had gone to New York and his 
son, a boy somewhat older than myself, asked me to stay until his 
father returned that evening, assuring us that he would purchase 
our cargo. The next morning I proposed the trade, when he re- 
plied " that he had all the pork he needed." This was a great dis- 
appointment ; the day and evening spent and a hotel bill to pay, 
and money scarce. I felt like fighting young Hurd for the deten- 
tion. We left Sparta and crossed the mountain, by what was 
called a mountain road, almost impassable, to Russia forge, where 
the people were hungry for pork. We stayed two days while they 
made iron for a part of our pork. They weighed out to the wood- 
chopper his share, then to the man who found the coal his share, 
then to the one that made the iron, then to the miner, while the 
balance went to the owner. 

The next day we went to other forges without success. We 
then went to a place called " Newfoundland." I thought it was 
properly named, as it was the only land we had found since we left 
Sparta. We spent two days going from there to other forges 
with but little success until we arrived at Hamburg and Franklin, 
and finally sold out to Joseph Sharp for iron. 

Years after I grew up to manhood my business relations ex- 
tended more or less to them all and ended in friendship. 

What unexpected changes have taken place since ! In the 
seventy-one years all these eminent men, all long since gone, their 
property changed hands ! The Lackawanna Iron and Coal Com- 
pany, of Pennsylvania, has become the owner of the most valuable 
portion of these properties, including the Franklin Iron Company, 
the Zinc Company, and various iron mines as was stated. The 


great outlay in erecting furnaces, zinc works, and other improve- 
ments has run into the millions, and t all the main dividends have 
been paid to the county of Sussex, including some to the State for 
taxes, and, strange to say, whether fortunately or unfortunately, 1 
am among the principal owners in all these properties. The 
ownership of this property caused me, on account of the company, 
to become one of the owners of the Sussex Railroad, which I ex- 
tended to Franklin and several miles beyond. Also the line to 
Branchville. I changed the line across the meadows at Newton, 
and made other valuable improvements for the terminus at New- 
ton, including a costly and convenient depot. We have since 
turned over the road to the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western 
Company, who has relaid it with steel rails, and it is now a first- 
class road in every particular, including rolling stock. 

Very truly yours, 

John I. Blair. 


The white crystalline limestone of this vicinity furnishes a 
superior quality of lime. Many years ago Dr. Samuel Fowler 
wrote upon the minerals of Sussex Co., for Gordon's Gazefe^r of 
New Jersey. The following is an extract from it : 

" Perhaps in no quarter of the globe is there found so much 
to interest the mineralogist, as in the white crystalline, calcareous 
valley, commencing at Mounts Adam and Eve, in the county i >f 
Orange, and State of New York, about three miles from the line 
of the State of New Jersey, and continuing thence through Ver- 
non, Hamburg, Franklin, Sparta and Byram, a distance of about 
twenty-tive miles in the county of Sussex. This limestone is 
highly crystalline, containing no organic remains, and is the great 
imbedding matrix of all the curious and interesting minerals 
found in this valley. When burned, it produces lime of a superior 
quality. A considerable quantity of this stone is burned into lime 
near Hamburg, and when carted to the towns below, as Paterson, 
Newark, etc., is sold for one dollar per bushel. It is principally 
used in masonry, for white-washing, cornice-work and wall of a 
fine hard finish, and is considered superior to the best Rhode 
Island lime. Some varieties, particularly the granular, furnish a 
beautiful marble ; it is often white, with a slight tinge of yellow, 
resembling the Parian marble from the Island of Paros ; at other 
times clouded black, sometimes veined black, and at other times 


Around Hamburg on many farms are the remains of ancient 
lime kilns. The Sharps, Edsalls, Fords and Rudes burned lime. 
In 1810, and subsequent years, much of this lime found its way to 
market in our larger towns and the city of New York. But 
although an ancient article of production, the more extensive 
works now employed are of quite recent erection. 

The old-fashioned kilns were approaching an egg-shape in the 
interior, and the wood and lime stone were put in, in successive 
layers. The kiln was built into the side hill to afford easy access 
to the top. It was covered with sods before the flame was kin- 
dled. The ashes and lime were drawn out at the bottom, and the 
fire went out after each burning. 

The continuous kilns are constructed with the fire upon the 
side, so that the flame and heat may pass through the lime stone, 
and when the lime is burned it may be drawn off without ming- 
ling with the ashes or interfering with the continuance of the fire. 

The Windsor Works, at Hamburg, were begun in 1876. 
Sayre <k Van Derhoof are the owners and Richard Van Derhoof the 
superintendent. They have four perpetual kilns, one with its 
chimney seventy-four feet high, a second sixty-five feet, and two 
are thirty feet. The company employs about 150 men in the 
kilns, quarries and mountain. They have a tramway of two and 
a half miles in length from the Rudeville quarries to the kilns. 
They turn out about one hundred thousand bushels of lime a year, 
and are arranging to do still more. 

The Hamburg Lime Works were also begun in 1S7G. Joseph 
E. Sheldon is superintendent. They have three perpetual kilns 
which are without flues. Twenty men are employed in the kilns 
and quarry, but much of the work is done by contract. They 
have no wood choppers and purchase wood by the cord. AVhen 
in full operation the kilns produce 500 bushels of lime per day. 

The Hamburg Papek Mill was erected in 1873, on the site 
of the old blast furnace, by James B. Davenport, who manufact- 
ured straw wrapping paper and tissue paper. The premises were 
rented to Tompkins ifc White, who were manufacturing quite ex- 
tensively, when the mill took fire and was consumed with a quan- 
tity of paper ready for shipping. The mill was rebuilt, and pur- 


chased by the McEwan Manufacturing Co., who enlarged^it, and 
employ about twenty hands in making straw boards, producing 
four and a half tons per day. The boards are cut of uniform size 
and sent to the box makers. 



It is an error to suppose that Hamburg is a larger village now 
than it has ever been. Its relative importance has been diminish- 
ing with advancing time for nearly a century. We must go back 
some fifty, or even ninety years, to reach what may be called its 
palmiest days. These were about the time when the Post Office 
was established, October 1st, 1795, under Thomas Lawrence, and 
all the iron works were in operation ; when our citizens embarked 
in the enterprise of constructing a turnpike road fifty miles in 
length, to connect the village witli the city of New York. When 
the Hamburg turnpike road was completed, about 1810, there 
was not a Post Office on the entire route to New York. Around 
the iron works many small houses were erected for the use of the 
workmen employed. These, with numbers of other dwellings 
then built, have mostly disappeared. For many years there were 
more stores here than at any other point in the county. Farmers 
brought their produce and did their trading, coming as far as from 
Andover and Wantage. 

Mr. Sharp put up his store house about 1S04, built the stone 
mill in 1808, and constructed the mill road running from his house 
and store to intersect the Newton road north of the North Church 
Cemetery. He stated that it was sixty-eight chains nearer by his 
road from Ryerson's (Walling house) than by Lawrence's. He 
made a strong effort to secure the office of Postmaster and bring 
the postal business to his store, but did not succeed. 

He built the Haines homestead in 1800. Caleb and Issacher 
Rude were his carpenters, and he brought a man named Johnson, 


from Salem, or Philadelphia, who did the joining and finer work. 

Mr. Sharp had abundant means from the rise in value of his 
lauds, and lived in good style, and what was esteemed luxury, in 
these days, until the losses attendant upon his iron works and 
other ventures diminished his income and he removed to another 
house, which he built along the Wallkill, in Vernon township, 
near the base of Pochunk Mountain, where he died in 1845, in his 
-eighty-eighth year. 

His wife was Elizabeth Simpson, daughter of Henry Simpson, 
who lived near McAfee. She was born in 1771, and died in 182-1 
while Mr. Sharp was living at Hamburg. She was a member of the 
Hamburg Presbyterian Church and of the North Hardyston, after 
the union of the two churches. They had four sons, Thomas. 
Joseph, Anthony and Isaac. Of their daughters, Eliza married 
Dr. James Fowler ; Clarissa married Major Thomas B. DeKay, 
who lived in Vernon near the State line; Mary was the wife of 
Dr. Henry C. Posencrantz, and lived in the house on the Posen- 
crantz hill ; Deborah became the wife of Dr. Horace Vibbert, of 

Issaeher Rude, one of the carpenters who worked for Col. 
Sharp, was killed in the raising of a barn on the Conrad Tinker 
place. Caleb, his brother, also a carpenter, lived to the age of 
ninety-three and a half years, respected and beloved by all who 
knew him, and died in 1871. Their father, Caleb Pude, Senior, 
lived in Morris county and became a soldier in the Continental 
Army. The Tories made several raids upon his home, and that 
of his neighbors, so that he removed his family for safety to the 
vicinity of Stockholm, and took most of his pay in Continental 
money, in exchange for his house and farm. He had two sons in 
the army, Abner and Noah. When the war closed, his paper 
money was of no value, and he found himself poor. His wife 
died, and he bound out his son Caleb as an apprentice to Simon 
Wade to learn the carpenter's trade. Caleb, Jr., married Elizabeth 
Simpson, daughter of the Henry Simpson 3d, who lived on the 
William Edsall farm. 

Joseph E. Edsall was born in 1789 at Pudeville, in the log 
Jbouse where his parents, James Edsall and Mary Simpson lived, 


lie built the house on the creamery property in 1820, placing it 
directly in the road, which he crowded into the hill in front ; and 
built three tenement houses adjoining. lie had on the same 
ground a distillery and a tannery, below the hill. For a time he 
kept a store in his dwelling, and in 1824 put up a store house,. 
which stood in the creamery garden, and at the foot of the church 
hill. When not used for a store it was occupied as tenements 
for families. Christopher Longstreet was Edsall's carpenter. 

When Robert A. Linn, in 1820, exchanged properties with 
his brother-in-law, Judge Thomas C. Eyerson, he came to* Ham- 
burg, and after a few years, by another exchange, acquired the 
property where Edsall had lived. Dr. James Fowler had gone 
south, and Edsall bought his lot of land, on the^opposite side of 
the road from the present Presbyterian Church. Upon the lot 
were an unfinished dwelling, a store house and barn. Edsall set to 
work to complete this house, but before it was done it was de- 
stroyed by fire. He re-built the dwelling in 1830, and from that 
time, with the exception of a year or two, when he rented it, lie 
made it his home until his death in 18G5. His wife- was Esther. 
daughter of James Hamilton, who died in 1812, at the age of fiftr- 
four years. In process of time, Mr. Edsall became possessed of most 
of the adjoining property, consisting of farm, mill, forges, and 
buildings. He was County Clerk, a Judge of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, a member of the Legislature, and a member of Con- 
gress for two terms, in Mr. Polk's time and during the Mexican 

Doctor Samuel Fowler was born in Newburg, N. Y., Octo- 
ber 30th, 1779. His ancestor, John Fowler, came from England 
and settled on Long Island as early as 1665. After completing 
his medical studies, at the age of twenty-one years, he began the 
practice of medicine in Hamburg, 1801. Of great versatility of 
talent, he engaged in many enterprises, and was successful in alL 
He was one of the most eminent physicians that our county has- 
produced, and his was the leading mind in all medical consulta- 
tions, and at the meetings of the Medical Society. 

He was a distinguished naturalist and mineralogist, collecting 
a most valuable private cabinet of American minerals, and c©n«- 


sponded with scientific men at home and abroad. His valuable 
letters and papers were consumed in the destruction of the Fowler 
homestead, in 1884, and the store of information they might have 
imparted is lost. 

He married in 1808, Ann Breckenridge, daughter of Colonel 
Mark Thompson, of Changewater, N. J., who was a member of 
Congress under Washington's administration. Their only daugh- 
ter surviving childhood, was Julia, who became the wife of Hon. 
Moses Bigelow, of Newark, N. J. Dr. Fowler built a house in 
Hamburg, which is still standing, and which he sold to Martin 
Ryerson. Soon after his wife's death he removed to Franklin, 
where he re-built and enlarged the house in which he lived until 
his death. This neighborhood had been called The Plains, from 
the flat lands beginning here and extending toward the North 
Church, which included the farm of Capt. George Beardslee. Dr. 
Fowler constructed a dam across the small stream that passed his 
house, and erected a grist mill, fulling mill, storehouse, black- 
smith shop, a tannery, and several small dwellings. To these he 
gave the name of Franklin, and from this, the valuable iron ore 
in the vicinity received the name of Franklinite, and the Post 
Office and furnace that of Franklin Furnace. 

Dr. Fowler's second wife was Rebecca Wood Piatt Ogden, 
daughter of Robert Ogden 3d, of Ogdensburg, to whom he was 
married in 1S16. For a time he carried on the manufacture of 
iron at the Hamburg forges, and afterwards at Franklin Furnace, 
for a while in partnership with John O. Ford, but mostly by him- 
self. Through his sagacity and business tact, he made remunera- 
tive a hitherto failing business, and gave an impetus to this branch 
of manufacture in this county, which was unknown before and 
lias been felt ever since. 

He attended to the arduous duties of his medical profession, 
visiting patients many miles away. His practice extended over 
five counties of this State, and even into New York and Pennsyl- 
vania. He was constantly visited by patients who came long dis- 
tances, and was sought by his medical brethren in consultation on 
difficult cases. No man could exceed him in industry and careful 
attention to all he undertook. He was well known, a personal 


friend and warm supporter of General Jackson, was twice elected 
to Congress, and was in "Washington in the stormy time of Cal- 
houn and nullification. His celebrity as a mineralogist ranks him 
among the first in the country. lie brought into notice the value 
of the minerals extending in the hill ranges from Sparta to 
Amity, Orange county, with their wealth of zinc and Franklinite. 
He was an honorary member of many of the scientific societies of 
Europe and America. 

He was a liberal supporter of the North Hardyston Church, 
long the President of its Board of Trustees, a regular attend- 
ant upon its services, and left a legacy to the church. 

It is due to place him in the first rank among those distin- 
guished citizens whose talents and lives have reflected honor upon 
their State and country. 

He died at Franklin, February 20th, 18-14 in his sixty-fifth 
year, and is buried in the North Church cemetery. 

Sidney Piioznix Haines, son of Elias and Mary Ogden Haines, 
was born in the city of New York in 1801, and was sent, when 
quite young, to Florida b}^ his father, who was a partner in the 
company which obtained the Aredondo Grant from the Spanish 
government, and began the first American settlement in the ter 
ritory. Sidney acted as agent for his father, and traded for him 
with the Spaniards and Indians. The frequent voyages of their 
brig, which conveyed cattle and good s, and all the hazards of the 
early settlement, were well suited to his adventerous spirit ; and 
hunting and exploration added a charm to his southern life. At 
the breaking out of the Seminole war the settlers were obliged to 
fiee for their lives, leaving all their property and improvements. 
"When the United States government assumed possession of Flor- 
ida, it refused to recognize the rights of the settlers, and restore 
to them the territory to which they laid claim. 

"When driven from Florida, the young man came to Ham- 
burg, and, about 1828, became established in business. In 1830 
John Brodrick was his partner, and they kept store in the house 
that once stood where the brick store of Edsall, Chardavoyne & 
Co. now is. Haines ran one of the Sharp forges for a time, and 
burned charcoal upon the mountain. 


He married Diadamia Austin, second daughter of Alauson 
Austin, of Warwick, Is. Y., in 1830, and lived in the Walling 
house. Tie was Post Master in 1833, and for some years after, 
the salary being $48.25. When Brodrick retired from the firm of 
Haines & Brodrick, Robert A. Linn entered into partnership 
with him, and the new firm of Linn & Haines conducted a thriv- 
ing business for a country store. 

Mr. Haines w T as a very jovial man, and popular wherever he 
was known. For a time he entered warmly into politics, and at 
the meetings would get off many witty sayings. He had a four 
horse team and a large wagon, which he often drove to the polit- 
ical meetings, or the voting polls, with a full load of the men em- 
ployed in his works. They were all Jackson Democrats in those 
da}"s. Later, when he became a christian man and a church mem- 
ber, the same team, with its driver, often carried as full a load to 
the extra religious meetings of Dr. Fairchild. 

He started a Sunday School upon the mountain, near his 
" Coal job," in the vicinity of the Mud Pond, and rode on horse- 
back to attend it on Sunday afternoons. The "coal job families" 
were among the poorest and most destitute portion of our popu- 
lation, but the Sunday School bore precious fruit in leading some 
to Christ, as did the Log Chapel Sunday School, somewhat mod- 
eled after it, in later times. 

The late John Biggs, a leading minister of the Free Metho- 
dist Church, learned to read and received his first religious im- 
pressions in this Sunday School. For nearly thirty years, he 
labored and preached through the mountains, in school houses 
and dwellings, reaching scores who were overlooked by churches 
and christians. His death occurred in April, 1888, and the large 
attendance from all denominations at his funeral attested the 
high esteem entertained for one who, with few advantages, 
accomplished much good. 

Sindey Haines was benevolent, and interested in every chris- 
tian work, into which his good wife also entered most heartily. 
This earnestness characterized him all his days ; and his widow, 
now at the age of eighty-five years, in her home in Denver, Colo- 
rado, is still engaged in good works. The sick and the poor find 


in her a friend and a comforter. 

Haines visited the west, and embarked in the enterprise of 
founding a great town, projected on the banks of the Mississippi 
River, in Missouri, to be called Marion City. The location 
seemed excellent, stretching along the river for a mile and a half, 
with convenient landings for steamboats, and making a fine port. 
The lands were purchased from the government, the streets 
laid out, churches planned, and a college founded, with Rev. Dr. 
Ely as President. Haines moved his family there in 1838. For 
a time all went well, but other towns attracted the settlers, and 
after a great freshet, when the river rose so high as to flood the 
place, he changed his home to Palmyra, and afterwards to Hani- 
bal, Mo. Here he engaged extensively in business, and on one of 
his business tours contracted inflammation of the lungs, from 
which he died, July 13th, 1817. 

Henry Thomson Darkah was the son of Sheriff William Dar- 
rah and Elizabeth, daughter of Captain Richard Edsall. He was 
born in the old Darrali house Oct. 11, 1805. His youth was spent 
upon the farm ; he attended the district school and was one of the 
foremost scholars. He had been clerk in the store in Upper Ham- 
burg, and upon his father's death, in 1830, took the business on 
his own account, and continued it until his removal to Missouri, in 
1837. He was early the subject of religious impressions, and 
in 1831 united with the North Church and became very useful in 
this community, as well as in his western home. He was a mag- 
istrate in St Louis. His fondness for study continued through 
life, and, familiar with books, few surpassed him in general knowl- 
edge. He died in St. Louis. 

His wife was Mary Ogden daughter of Elias Haines, born 
Oct. 3d, 1S00, a woman of great literary attainments, whose prose 
and poetic writings frequently appeared in religious papers and 
magazines. Her benevolence and christian activity were exhibited 
wherever she went. Her death occurred at Flora, 111., in 1883. 

After their marriage they lived in the Darrah-Dale cottage, 
which was afterwards transformed into the Baptist parsonage. 
When they occupied it, the beautiful order of the grounds and 
the wooded glen adjoining, inade it a gem of a home, with pic- 


turesqne surroundings. 

Their only child, Elizabeth, born at Hamburg June 25th, 
1832, married General Lewis B. Parsons, of Illinois. In her were 
combined rare graces of mind and heart, and an artistic talent 
which she cultivated by several years of study in Europe. She 
died at Scarboro, Me., September 2d, 1887. 

John Newman, supposed to have been born on Long Island, 
came to this vicinity from Monmouth county, N. J. He had two 
sons, Emanuel and David. 

Emanuel purchased the present James Ludlum Munson farm 
of Robert Ogden, in 1775. He bought other lands of Lewis Mor- 
ris in 1779, and of Anthony Brodrick in 1780. His wife was 
Ann Carnes, who became entirely blind. He died in 1795, 
leaving no children. 

David purchased at one dollar and a quarter per acre the 
Beaver Bun tract, which, including the Dusenbury farm and ex- 
tending to the Morris Yale farm, contained 989 acres. He lived 
in a house which stood near the present Beaver Run Post Office. 
At his death his landed estate was divided into six farms and 
given to his four sons and two daughters. The eldest son, Eman- 
uel, inherited the Roleson farm, David the Hardin farm, James 
the Hiles farm, John the Beaver Run farm, Elizabeth, who mar- 
ried James Congleton, had the Congleton farm, and Jane, who 
married Joseph McDaniels, the Dusenbury farm. 

Emanuel, Jr., died in 1850, aged 77 years. His son is Sam- 
uel Newman, who sold the farm he inherited to Jackson Roleson, 
and now resides near Deckertown. Jane, wife of Emanuel, Jr., 
died in 1S63, aged 84 years. 

David Neicman 3feDaniels, grandson of David Newman, 
was born in 1801, and now resides near Wilksbarre, Pa. He re- 
members well his coming when a boy to see the four companies of 
the 2d Sussex Regiment when, in 1814, they set off on their march 
to Sandy Hook. They assembled in Hamburg, and with flying 
colors and martial music, marched over the Sharp's bridge and by 
the Lawrence road and past the North Church. 

In his childhood he was frequently taken to the Cary Meet- 
ing House, winch was then an old building, and he is sure it 


must have been erected before the Revolutionary war. 

Ashman Carpenter was born in Morris county in 1702, and 
at the age of sixteen became a soldier of 1ST. J. State troops. With 
two others, he captured a party of four Hessians, coming upon 
them by surprise when the}' had halted at a spring. The prison- 
ers were taken into the American lines but their muskets were re- 
tained. Carpenters was preserved for a great while, until one of 
his sons traded it off for a bird gun. After the war he farmed 
for a time for Mr. Thomas Lawrence, and lived in the stone house, 
standing a little back from the North Church road. Coby Quick, 
a stone mason, said to have been a brother of Tom Quick, the In- 
dian slayer, was its builder. Carpenter learned the weaver's trade, 
and wove linen and woolen cloth. After a time he received in- 
struction in'the weaving of blue and white counterpanes, and was 
very skillful in forming figures and flowers in his web. He died 
in 1839. 

Anthony Chardavoyne and his brother were early owners of 
the Dusenbury property, which was afterward sold to David 
Newman, and inherited by his daughter, Mrs. Jane McDaniels. 
They kept a store there for a long time, until Anthony purchased 
the farm in Red Cedar Hollow, which after his death was 
bequeathed to his son AVilliam, and is now occupied by his grand- 
son, Barret II. Chardavoyne. On the Dusenbury farm is the 
" Indian Meadow," and upon it is a mound largely made up of 
fragments of broken stone and flint chips, left by the Indians who 
had there a sort of factory for stone implements and arrow heads. 

Peter Shafer, born 1792 or 1793, and who still survives, 
was living in 1818 on the Ilarker farm, now known as the Peter 
Fountain farm. One morning he saw four black animals come 
out of the woods and follow down the Wallkill. At first sight he 
mistook them for dogs, but got his gun and pursued them. He 
soon found that it was a she bear with three cubs. They climbed 
a large tree just below the Haines house, where Shafer killed the 
old bear and captured the cubs. 

He married a daughter of William Cassady, and^after the 
death of his father-in-law bought out the interest of the other 
heirs, and made the house his home until he sold it to Thomson D. 


Major Absalom Shaker, brother of Peter, lived in the 
David Benjamin house. He was Captain of the " Hardyston Vol- 
unteers," a military company formed in Hamburg. They wore 
blue coats, white pantaloons, and high crowned hats ; the front of 
each hat was covered with a plate of tin, on which was painted 
the name of the company, and surmounted with a white feather 
tipped with red. Peter Fountain was fifer to this company. 

Elias L'Hommedieu, M. D., was of Huguenot descent, and 
born 1794. His mother was Cornelia Losey, of Morris county. 
He began to practice medicine in Hamburg, and announced his 
coming in May, 181G,by the advertisement that he had "taken board 
at James Ilorton's Inn, and would punctually attend the calls of 
all who should favor him with their, patronage." In 1821 he 
purchased of the heirs of Martin Ryerson the Dr. Fowler house 
and farm. His wife was Sarah Denton, of Vernon. He was the 
Fourth of July orator in 1821, and is said to have been a man of 
much versatility of talent; was appointed Judge of the Court 
of Common Pleas in 1832, and again in 1837, serving for ten 
years. He united with the North Church in 1831, was made an 
Elder in 1837 and became very useful and influential. 

When the Hamburg Manufacturing Company failed, in 1S38, 
he was appointed Trustee of the creditors, and purchased, De- 
cember 7, 1838, at a sale made by Sheriff John B rod rick, for the 
sum of $4,041, one hundred and nine acres, being that part of 
land conveyed by mortgage of Nathan Smith, whereon is the 
( linton ore bed, usually called the Clinton mine. 

Joseph E. Edsall had by foreclosure of mortgage secured pos- 
session of the Hamburg furnace. L'Hommedieu & Edsall united 
in business and operated the iron works for a time. It was a losing 
enterprise for the doctor, and he relinquished the entire business 
into the hands of his partner, April 1846. He removed to New- 
ark, and entered the grocery and commission business with John 
V. Baldwin. His commercial ventures were unsuccessful. He 
died at Bloomfield, July 28, 1853. 

He had five children. His eldest daughter, Mary, married 
Rev. Mr. Moore and removed with him to the West. His sons, 
"William Henry and Hezekiah Denton, died in early manhood. 


James Congleton was born in Hardyston, June 12, 1780 ; 
married March, 1805, Elizabeth, daughter of David Newman, 
who was born 1787, at Beaver Run, and died 1861, on the farm 
where her entire life had been spent. Mr. Congleton united 
with the North Church in 1819; was made an Elder in 1821, 
and continued in that office for fifty years, serving the church 
with sincere piety and consecration. A man was once being ex- 
amined before the Session for admission to the communion, and 
in narrating his experience said, that the regular and faithful 
attendance of the old deacon so affected his mind, he could not 
rest until he followed him to church and gave his heart to God. 
Mr. Congleton fell asleep January 21, 1871, in full age, like a 
shock of corn fully ripe. 

His eldest son Levi Congleton, was born April, 1810, married 
Charlotte, daughter of Ilezekiah Schofield. united with the 
North Church in 1831, and was made an Elder in 1866. He re- 
moved to Sparta, but returned to Beaver Run a short time 
before his death, November, 1879. His widow died August, 
1887, at Sparta, 

John Erastus Congleton was the fourth child of Levi, born 
in 1841 ; was sergeant Co. D., 27th Regiment N. J. Yols. He 
married Anna Mary Hiles, daughter of William Hiles, of Beaver 
Run, and granddaughter of Rev. George Banghardt. They 
united with the North Church in 1866. Lie was made an Elder 
in 1876, and after giving promise of great usefulness, died sud- 
denly, June 23d, 1879, at Beaver Run. 

John Buckley, whose father came from England, carried on the 
tannery business at Hackettstown. He was an active business 
man. His name appears as a witness to a deed given for the site 
of the Hackettstown Presbyterian Church, in 1764, in the pros- 
perity of which church he was largely interested. He married 
Mary Turner. His sons were George, Reuben, James, John, 
Robert and Amos. He removed to Hardyston and came in pos- 
session of the farms afterwards owned by Michael R. Sutton and 
Abram Stoll, and carried on farming and the tannery business. 
His sons, Robert, James, John and Amos removed from 


George lived on his father's farm, and was an Elder of Ilar- 
dyston Church, and of North Ilardyston Church after the separa- 
tion in 1819, and assisted in planting the maple trees which now 
surround that edifice. His pastor, Kev. Dr. Fairchild, in speaking 
of the struggles of the church, years after t\\ii death of Mr. Buck- 
ley, said that "George Buckley was a great worker in the church ; 
he could almost carry the ark alone." Removed in 1837 to War- 
ren county. Reuben Buckley, brother of John s- Sr., settled in 
Wantage township after the Revolutionary war, and had three 

Beuben 2d, son of John, Sr., married Sarah, eldest daughter 
of Samuel and Abigail AVade. He resided and died in Hardys- 
ton, where his widow continued to live, and raised a family of 
iive sons and one daughter. 

Simon Wade, the oldest son of Reuben 2d, born April 14th, 
1808, married Jane, daughter of Jacob and Bethia Kimble. 
He was Elder in the North Ilardyston Church from 1818 
until his removal to Wantage township. He there became an 
Elder in the Deckertown Church, and served until his death in 
1875. His wife, Jane Kimble, died in 1885. 

Jacob and Ephraim, Kimble were twins, and only children of 
Daniel Kimble, who married a Keltz. Jacob married Bethia, 
daughter of James Hopkins, and lived at the Big Spring. He 
was an Elder at the North Church from 1827 to the time of his 
death, in 1863. His sons were Burr Baldwin, Jacob and David 
Hopkins. His daughters — Lydia, married to William Lantz ; 
Sarah, to Samuel Beardslee ; Jane to Elder Simon W. Buckley ; 
Catharine, to Abram Stoll ; Lucilla, to Elder Samuel O. Price ; 
Charlotte, to Sheriff James Smith, and Matilda, unmarried. 

Ephraim was the father of Robert and Ephraim M. He 
lived in the house which was burned down, and rebuilt of brick 
by his son, Ephraim Martin Kimble. 

James Hojjl-ins owned land from Big Spring to Mark Con- 
gleton's, and had two sons, Jonathan and David, and three 
daughters, Charlotte, wife of Benjamin Kays, Sr.; Bethia, wife 
of Elder' Jacob Kimble, and Lydia, wife of Elder Samuel Tuttle. 
To each of his children he bequeathed a large farm. 


William Inglis, Esquire, married Lucretia, daughter of 
Michael Borick. Their home was at Monroe Corners. His son, 
Rorick Inglis, died July, 1888. 

Shadrach Fountain came from Saddle River, Bergen Co., 
N. J., and worked on the farm of Thomas Lawrence. His name 
indicates his Huguenot descent. He was the father of Peter 
Fountain, and Mary, wife of Nathan Smith. 

Nathan Smith was born in 1777, and died in 1857. He was 
the owner of the Welch farm, which he purchased from Joseph 
Sharp. After the discovery of the hematite iron ore mine upon 
it, he sold the farm to the Clinton Manufacturing Company, and 
lived on the Harker farm, along the Wallkill, above Hamburg. 
He afterwards bought the farm on the Mill road, and lived in the 
house which William Ayres built in 1822, opposite the Bennett 
Field. Henry I. Simpson took down the old house and built the 
present one, for one of his sons. Mary Fountain, wife of Nathan 
Smith, was born in 1780, and died in 1835. Nathan left a large 
property divided at his deatli among fourteen children. 

Nathan Smith and Peter Fountain together bought the 
Harker farm. Smith sold out to Fountain, and Fountain sold 
considerable portions of it to Colonel Edsall. 

William. Ayres lived on the Mill road, and his sons, Archi- 
bald and James, in two small houses, which he put up for them 
on the two hills beyond. In the first, afterwards lived the Widow 
Markham, who told fortunes, and was accounted a witch. 

Benjamin, son of Moses and Abigail Northrup, was born at 
Eidgeiield, Conn., 1739, and died September 1774. His wife was 
Lenora, born 1739, and died March 1811. They removed first to 
Dutchess county, N, Y., and came about 1769 to the North Church 
and lived on the Plains farm now owned by the Franklin Iron 
Co. He was the owner of a large tract of land. Their son Moses 
was born 1762 and died 18-16 ; their grandson Moses Whitehead 
was born 1799 and died 1877, and Henry Northrup of Lafayette 
is their great grand son. 



Congress declared war against Great Britian on the 18th of 
June, 1812. The result of the fall elections of that year in our 
State was the complete overthrow of the administration party, and 
the triumph of the Federalists, or Peace party, in the choice of 
members of Congress and the securing of a majority in the Legis- 
lature. Colonel Aaron Ogden, son of Judge Ogden, of Ogdens- 
burg, was chosen Governor. lie was at that time a resident of 
Elizabethtown, engaged in the successful practice of law. The 
voice of her people was in condemnation of the war, but never 
was New Jersey found to falter in patriotism, nor did she ever 
refuse (like some States) to call out her contingent of troops. 
When the nation was in actual conflict with a great power, it was 
not the disposition of her Governor, her Legislature and people, 
to hesitate in bearing their part in the sufferings and privations of 
the struggle. So great was the confidence reposed in Ogden'that 
President Madison nominated him as Major General, with the in- 
tention of placing him in command of the forces operating against 
Canada. He, however, declined the appointment. 

In the conflict which followed the declaration of war, Kew 
Jersey did not suffer from actual invasion. The contest was prin- 
cipally carried on upon the frontiers and upon the sea, yet her 
sons bore their share in the great struggle. Who joined the na- 
tional army from among the citizens of our town cannot now be 
fully ascertained. A man named Grill, commonly called " Cap- 


tain," was wounded in the shoulder at Lundy's Lane. Upon his 
discharge he came to Canistear, where lie lived for many years, 
and from time to time appeared in Hamburg to receive his pen- 
sion. Among his sons were Fred and Moore Grill, who had an 
unenviable reputation. 

The Second Sussex Regiment New Jersey militia, of revolu- 
tionary fame, still continued its organization. Many were veter- 
ans, but young blood mostly coursed in the veins of those who 
tilled its ranks. Four companies marched to Sandy Hook, when 
New York City was threatened with assault from the British 
fleet. One of these companies was led by Captain Charles Beards- 
lee, of the North Church, and another by Captain John Cary, of 
Hamburg. Their recruits were mainly Hardyston men. Some 
military companies from Orange county joined them, one of which 
was commanded by Captain Alanson Austin, of Warwick. 

William and Henry Warren Ogden, nephews of Gover- 
nor Ogden, were scarcely more than lads when they received 
midshipmen's warrants in the navy. William soon left the ser- 
vice, but his brother continued a naval officer the remainder of 
his life, rising to the rank of Captain, and commanding his own 
ship. He cruised in every quarter of the globe, and was sent on 
many important expeditions. In his visits to Hamburg he loved 
to recount some of the eventful scenes of his life, and especially 
the cruise of the frigate Essex. 

He was ordered on board of her upon receiving his first com- 
mission. The Essex was commanded by Captain David Porter. 
She carried thirty-two guns, and on the 3d of July sailed from 
Sandy Hook on a cruise to the south. On the 13th of August 
she encountered the Alert, a British war vessel, which ran down 
upon the Essex's quarter sending the shot over her decks. The 
fire was gallantly returned, and after an action of only eight min- 
utes the Alert surrendered. Captain Porter put on board of his 
prize a crew of his own men, and sent her with his prisoners to 
New York. Her capture was the first American success of the 
war, and her flag sent to Washington, the first taken from the 

Captain Porter continued his cruise, doubling Cape Horn 


amid tremendous storms, and entering the Pacific Ocean. For 
six months he cruised along the coast of Chili and contiguous 
waters, making havoc of British shipping. The news of the 
Essex achievements caused, at length, the sending of a force to 
destroy her. She had been carried into Valparaiso for supplies, 
and was just standing out for sea, when the frigate, Phoebe, and 
the slope of war, Cherub, made an attack. This was in neutral 
waters and contrary to all the rules of war. The Essex had lost 
her main top mast, the wind was contrary, and in close proximity 
to the coast, she could not be brought into position to use her 
broadsides. Anchors were dropped ahead from small boats, and 
and the hausers were hauled to bring her into place. All this 
was done under the heavy fire of the hostile ships. After three 
hours of useless conflict the proud Essex surrendered,to her foes, 
with the loss of 124 men in killed and wounded. Her Captain 
and crew were paroled and sent in a small brig, one of Captain 
Porter's own captures, called the " Little Essex," to the United 
States. When approaching New York harbor they were inter- 
rupted by an English armed vessel and detained for days regard- 
less of their parole. Early one morning Captain Porter took to 
the long boat with as many men as she could carry. They were 
thirty miles at sea, yet eluded the efforts of their pursurers to 
sink them with shot or to overtake them, and landed safely on the 
Long Island shore. Ogden came home on leave, and in full 
health and handsome naval suit, he was the admiration of some 
and the envy of others who had been his companions of earlier 

In mature years he was naval commander in New York 
harbor, and on board his " receiving ship," the North Carolina, 
received the visits of noted persons, both Americans and foreign- 
ers, lie paid a lengthy visit to Hamburg in 1846, and a year or 
two later died in New York City. He was distinguished for sea- 
manship as well as for gallantry in action. Generous and impul- 
sive, he was often entirely self-forgetful. Once when his ship 
was in the harbor of Gibraltar, one of his seaman fell overboard. 
In a moment lie leaped after the sailor and sustained him above 
water until a boat could be lowered and come to their rescue. 


Hamburg and Paterson Turnpike Road. Furnished by Hon. 
Thomas Lawrence, and first printed in the New Jersey Herald. 

The " Hamburg Turnpike Boad " was chartered in 1806, 
while Colonel Joseph Sharp was a member of the Legislature. It 
was first constructed from Hamburg to Paterson, and was subse- 
quently extended to Hoboken, on the east, and Milford on the 
west, from which it connected with a road to Bath, N. Y., form- 
ing an important outlet for the Lake country and Western New 
York. Its route across Sussex county was from Stockholm, by 
way of Hamburg, Deckertown, Libertyville and Brick House to 
Milford, Pa. Some of the mile stones are yet standing, announc- 
ing so many " miles to Hoboken or Jersey City." The former 
coaches ran with four horses, and made three weekly trips, on 
alternate days, bringing mails and passengers. The arrival of the 
stage was an important event, and the sound of the driver's horn 
announced its approach. There were relays of horses at Captain 
Brown's, New Foundland, and at Deckertown. Deckertown was 
the extent of travel for one day from New York. The first regu- 
lar meeting for organization was held at Stockholm, January 1, 
1806. The proceedings read as follows : 

" At a meeting of a number of gentlemen from the towns of 
Newark, Acquaconack, Paterson, Pompton, New Foundland and 
Hamburg, on the first day of January, 1806, at New Foundland, 
for the purpose of taking into consideration the practicability of 
erecting a Turnpike road from Hamburg through Pompton to 
Acquaconack, from thence to intersect the Turnpike at the Cedar 
Swamp, by Schuyler's mines. Also from Bobert Colfaxes Corner 
in as straight a direction to the town of New Ark as the ground 
will admit of; also for extending the said Turnpike from Ham- 
burg to the line of New York, or the Biver Delaware, in order to 
facilitate the traveling from the western country. 

Thomas Lawrence, Esq., in the chair. The following reso- 
lutions were agreed to : 

1st — Resolved, That a Turnpike road be erected from Ham- 
burg to Colfaxes Corner, from thence to Acquaconack so as to 
intersect the Turnpike at the Cedar Swamp. Also from Bobert 
Colfaxes to New Ark on the best direction the ground will admit 
of, which last is to be considered as a separate stock. 

2d — Resolved, That John Linn, of Sussex, Martin Byerson, of 
Bergen, Abraham Ackerman, of Acquaconack, Esquires, together 


with a gentleman hereafter to be chosen by the citizens of New 
Ark be a committee to attend the Legislature at Trenton, in Feb- 
ruary next, for the purpose of procuring a law to erect the said 

3d — Resolved, That the above Committee procure and circu- 
late petitions to the Legislature for the purpose of obtaining the 
above law which shall stipulate Hamburg as the place where the 
Turnpike is first to commence. 

4th — Resolved, That the following persons, or their asso- 
ciates, be appointed to secure subscriptions for erecting said Turn- 
pike, to wit: Joseph Sharp and John Seward, of Sussex, 
Esquires, Robert Colfax and Martin Ryerson, of Pompton, 
Esquires, Charles Kinsey, Abraham Godwin and Abraham Van 
llouten, of Paterson, Esquires, Abraham Aukerman and Garret 
Vanllouten, Acquaconack, Esquires, John Odle Ford, of Morris 
county, and Jacob Kenouse, of New Foundland. 

5th — Resolved, That Major Gordon, of Paterson, get inserted 
in the New Ark Centinel, that application will be made to the 
Legislature in February next for a law for said Turnpike. 

6th — Resolved, That the aforesaid Turnpike shall be desig- 
nated in the law by the name of the Hamburg Turnpike. 

7th — Resolved, That Alexandria McWhorton, Esq., be 
requested to draft a Bill to be presented to the Legislature in Feb- 
ruary next for said Turnpike, and Major Gordon is hereby desired 
to take the execution thereof in charge. 

8th — Resolved, That the sum of eighty thousand dollars be 
raised for the purpose of making said Turnpike from Hamburg 
to Acquaconack. 

9th — Resolved, That twenty-five dollars shall be the price of 
each share. 

10th — Resolved, That one dollar on each share be paid in 
advance at the time of subscribing. 

11th — Resolved, That there shall be nine directors, one of 
whom to be chosen for their President, and five to make a 

12th — Resolved, That every subscriber shall be entitled to 
a vote for each share subscribed, to the number of ten, and for 
every five shares over that number one vote. 

13th — Resolved, That the hills between Hamburg and the 
Bergen line are not to exceed six degrees elevation and the re- 
mainder part of the road not to exceed five degrees. 

14th — Resolved, That the road from Hamburg to Acqua- 
conack shall be made twenty-four feet wide. 

15th — Resolved, That the Commissioners to lay out said 


road shall be chosen by the President and directors. 

16th — Resolved, That when one thousand shares are signed 
for, the Committee are required to call together the stockholders 
in order to choose directors.'' 

Thomas Lawrence, Esq., was from the start, one of the most 
active spirits in the enterprise and was a director in 1810, as shown 
by the notice found among his papers. 

May 8, 1810. 
Sin : 

At a meeting of the Stockholders of the Patersort 
and Hamburg Turnpike Company, at the house of Martin G. 
Ryerson, Pompton, this day, you were elected one of the Direc- 
tors for the present year. A meeting of the Directors is requested 
at M. G. Ryerson's, Pompton, on Monday the 28 of this inst., at 
11 o'clock forenoon at which meeting you are desired to attend. 

By order of the Directors, 

Martin J. Ryerson, Pr. 
To Thomas Lawrence, Esq. 

The following memorial is endorsed "A memorial to the P- 
M. General from the citizens of Hamburg, Stockholm, Pompton, 
Paterson and Acquaconack, on the subject of the establishment of 
Post Offices and a post route between Hamburg and New York : 

" To Gideon Granger, Esquire, Post Master General of 
the United States, at the City of Washington: 

"The subscribers, inhabitants of the villages of Hamburg, 
Stockholm, Pompton, Paterson, and Acquanunck, and their vicin- 
ity, in the State of New Jersey, beg leave to represent that a 
turnpike road has lately been completed from Hamburg through 
the several other villages to the city of New York. That the dis- 
tance thereby to the city has been much shortened, and the facil- 
ity for traveling greatly improved. That the citizens residing in 
and near the villages aforesaid beg leave to solicit the Post Master 
General to favor them with the convenience of having a Post 
Office established at the villages of Stockholm, Pompton, Pater- 
son, and Acquanunck, of which they have heretofore been de- 
prived, and consequently has subjected them to very great incon- 
veniences, expense, and delay in their communication of business 
with the city. That the settlements on this route have become 
very populous, and the business transacted, even under their pres- 
ent privation of a public conveyance, is such that in their opinion 


it would add very considerably to the revenue of the postal depart- 
ment. Your memoralists pray, therefore, that you will take their 
request into consideration, and grant them the conveniences they 
now solicit. 

"They beg to add further that it is contemplated to commence 
running a stage shortly from the village of Hamburg on the above 
route to New York City, and which they take the liberty to sug- 
gest to the P. M. G., under the idea that a contract may possibly 
from that circumstance be made with more economy for the con- 
veyance of the mail, and that the distances between the offices 
solicited for may be known, your memoralists have enjoined, a 
schedule of the places and the distances from each other, and from 
Hamburg to the city of New Y r ork." 

The road was completed through the whole extent about 1810. 

Jersey City was originally called Paulus Hook. The Paulus 
Hook Ferry was well known to older travellers, and the crossing 
of the Hudson River was a matter of apprehension with the 
timid. In 1802 there were only thirteen inhabitants within the 
limits of the present city, exclusive of the settlements of Bergen 
and Communipaw. Thomas Lawrence in a letter written in 180-t 
to a member of his family said : 

"1 wish to entertain you with all the news' afloat, and an 
information was announced to me last night that will be new and 
surprizing to you. What think you of a new city, to be called the 
City of Jersey^ The grounds have all been purchased, on a 
lease of 999 years, of the Dutchman, the proprietor. This has 
been done by a company of gentlemen in New Y^ork. The lots, 
many of them, have been laid out, and many sold. The plan is 
to be similar to the city of Philadelphia. The situation is ele- 
gant, and the salubrity of it will induce its speedy settlement." 

It was incorporated in 1820. Gov. Aaron Ogden moved 
there in 1828, and was made Collector of Customs. A steam 
ferry took the place of the old sail boat. 


In the days when flax was raised and all the family linen was 
homespun, it was the custom to have spinning visits. After the 
flax had been gathered and hatcheled, it was divided into por- 


tions, and the boys would go out on horseback to carry a small 
bale to each house. The girls of the families spun the flax, and 
upon invitation assembled on a given evening with their young 
friends to bring in their hanks of thread, and have a gay party. 
There would be an inspection of the work done, and some of the 
young ladies took much pride in spinning fine yarn and having it 

All the appliances for carding wool, and spinning and weav- 
ing wool and flax were common in many houses. The ordinary 
winter dress of the females was often of colored flannel. The 
men and boys wore homespun gray suits of woolen cloth. Some- 
times, however, the cloth was dyed a butternut, or even a bright 
blue. Their shirts were of coarse linen and very durable. Home- 
manufactured clothing might not be considered handsome in our 
own times, but it was serviceable, and much more lasting than 
the modern garments. The patterns for cutting out the clothes 
were carefully preserved by the good mothers. 

Tailors were found in the large towns, but few in earlier 
times in the country. When, however, broadcloths and cassimers 
began to be imported, lads were apprenticed to learn the tailor's 
trade. Hamburg, for years, supported two or three tailor shops 
with journeymen and apprentices. Then there sprang up a race 
of sewing women, who were styled " tailoresses," and went out to 
sew upon men's garments in the different houses. In primitive 
times a calico dress was considered quite a luxury with many. 
Some of the patterns were very quaint with floral designs almost 
as big as cabbages. Chintz curtains were hung upon the high 
posts of the best bedsteads. The coverlets were blue and white, 
often with quite pretty designs. They antedated the patch work 

The early settlers made themselves moccasins in Indian fash- 
ion, for covering their feet, with the addition of thick leather soles. 
When tanneries were established, families sent their own cow- 
hides and calf-skins from which their boots and shoes were to be 
made. The shoemaker made yearly visits, boarding at the houses 
were he worked, often for weeks at a time, until the whole 
household, father, mother, boys and girls, were provided for the 


next twelve months. Boots and shoes were commonly not made 
rights and lefts, and for the sake of economy changed from foot to foot 
every day to make the wear uniform. The more skillful young 
men could repair their own boots, and one of the accomplishments 
of a good house wife was the ability to put on a neat patch for 
herself and her children. 

A shoemaker named Shadrach kept the turnpike gate two 
miles north of Hamburg, and for many years spent his winters in 
going around to the houses where his services were required. 

Soap and candles were home made. It was a busy day in the 
house when the soft soap was made for the yearly supply. So, too, 
was it, when the tallow candles were dipped. 

Most hardware, sixty years ago, was procured from the black- 
smith. All the nails, hinges, door latches, and common locks, 
were made at the village shop. Every blacksmith made his own 
tools, and supplied many of those of the carpenter. Farmers 
would come to the blacksmith to have their axes and sythes made, 
and their plow shares pointed. The stores sold Jiollowware — i. c. 
pots, kettles, etc. 

Upper and lower Hamburg from early times have each had 
their blacksmith and wheelwright shops. The upper blacksmith 
shop was long run by Samuel Woodhull, commonly called *' Uncle 
Sam Odell." He was a devout man, a good Methodist, although 
somewhat noisy in meetings. His son," Bill Odell," also a black- 
smith, was the village poet and wit. He composed many verses 
and often gave recitations of them in public places. Some of his 
compositions were comic doggerel, in which he would travesty 
the words and speeches of his townsmen, and describe their ways 
and characters. AVoe to the man against whom Bill had any 
grudge, for he would " show him up," and affix a nickname never 
to be lost. His poems never went to the printer, and the words 
of his songs are now lost. " Full many a gem, etc*" 

An old cannon, of somewhat rough casting, was handed 
down from revolutionary times, and remained for many years in 
the village. In was dragged out on general training days, and 
used on occasions of national rejoicing and political victoiy. It was 
a great feature at the Fourth of Julv celebrations. When the news 


of General Jackson's re-election reached the place, in 1832, the old 
cannon was used in firing a salute of one gun for each state of the 
Union. In the rapidity of the firing the piece became heated, and the 
loading was attended with some danger. It was necessary to ex- 
clude the air from the powder as it was put in. A man was hold- 
ng his thumb upon the touch hole for this purpose, while two 
others were ramming down the charge. The hot iron burned the 
man's thumb, and made him flinch, so that air was let in, and an 
explosion took place. One of the gunners was Coonrod Welch, son 
of .Jacob, who was badly burned in the breast, his left arm torn away, 
and the thumb taken from his right hand. He recovered, how- 
ever, and with one hand, and that maimed, continued to work at 
his trade, gaining quite a local reputation for making grain 
cradles and axe handles. 

.V swarm of ^Krolites, or shooting stars, appeared throughout 
the country on the night of November 12th and loth, 1833. Pro- 
fessor Ohustead, of New Haven, estimated that 240,000 fell in 
the space of nine hours. The inhabitants of our town observed 
the storm of fire, and not without alarm as portentous of some 
great change that might affect the duration of the globe, or the 
conditions of life upon it. 

The winter of 1835 and 183G is spoken of as the most severe 
ever known in this region. ( )n the 20th of November the snow 
commenced falling, and the storm continued for three days. The 
depth of snow, with accumulations from succeeding storms, 
was from four to live feet upon the level. This was followed by 
continuous cold weather, so that the snow covered the ground for 
five months, until the latter part of April. Travel was impeded,, 
and the labor of opening the public roads was very great. Com- 
panies of men on horseback were formed to ride though and 
break the tracks. Most of the fences were out of sight, and the 
road breakers were not at all particular in keep to the highway, 
but passed anywhere through the fields where the snow was light- 
est. At intervals there were side tracks or switches broken to 
enable sleds to pass each other. Accilents upon the roads were 
of common occurrence. Teams would be stalled, horses fall down, 
and become exhausted with a few miles driving. Paths were 


shovelled from the barns to the streams for the watering of the 
stock, and to the hay stacks. Often the weaker would be thrust 
into the snow by the stronger cattle, and the farmers were obliged 
to draw them out and lift them to their feet again. Many cows 
and sheep died. Sheds were not then commonly provided for the 
dairy, but the cows were foddered to a large extent in the barn 
yards. Families were shut in for weeks. Many were in want of 
firewood, and were forced to cut down the shade trees around 
their dwellings for fuel. The}' cut the trees to the level of the 
top of the snow, and when the snow finally disappeared, the 
stumps left were five feet high. The supply of provisions with 
many families ran very low. It was difficult to carry grain to the 
mills, and some were without flour for days together. It was 
equally difficult to reach the stores and purchase groceries. Our 
mails were brought by stage from Paterson, but the route was 
completely blocked for a long time. 

About L820 there was a considerable immigration to the 
Lake country in central and western New York. The immigrant 
wagons camped on the field above the Lawrence hill, which be- 
came quite a recognized halting place for the night. 

In the years of 183G and 1837 there was a great exodus of 
families to the western States, especially to Illinois and Missouri. 
Some thirty-five families went out from the bounds of the Xorth 
ilardyston congregation, and the church was necessarily very 
much weakened. In the fall of 1S36 long strings of wagons 
loaded with household goods and farming utensils, and carrying 
the families of the settlers, were seen on their way passing to 
Pennsylvania and Ohio, and thence to what was regarded as the 
far West. Some were months in reaching their destination near 
the Mississippi River. Those who were overtaken by winter, 
suffered terribly in the tedious journey. They passed through 
regions sparsely settled, with the people poor and having small 
supplies for their own use and little to sell to strangers. When 
the settlers reached their new homes the manner of living was 
very different from that of their former abodes. Young children 
died and delicate mothers pined away under the hard conditions 
of prairie life. Yet, the thrifty in the course of years established 


comfortable homes and lived in plenty. Some, from the rise of 
their lands in value, became wealthy. It is said of one family 
that they loaned all their money, $600, and when the borrower 
failed, they felt it a great hardship that they received only a piece 
of prairie land. In the course of years the city of St. Louis ex- 
tended around and over their property and the younger generation 
have been living in affluence from the sale of their city lots, and 
the rentals of portions of their inheritance. 

A strange halucination of the times was the expectation of 
great wealth from the raising of silk. It was believed that a new 
industry had been introduced, more profitable to farmers than the 
raising of grain and making of butter. Whole ship loads of young 
trees and cuttings of the white Italian and morus-multicaulus mul- 
berries were imported, and fields planted with the worthless 
growth. Silkworms eggs were brought from southern Europe and 
the East, and sold all over the country. Men, women and boys 
gathered leaves and fed the worms, which were hatched by expos- 
ing the eggs to warmth and the rays of the sun. The amount of 
silk was so inconsiderable and of so little value for manufacture, 
that the speculation died out as speedily as it had sprung up. 
The descendants of the foreign trees are still occasionally seen, 
the vestiges of the short-lived scheme. Some importers of the trees 
made great fortunes, but many more who embarked in the enter- 
prise lost heavily. 

After the second war with Great Britain there was great pov- 
erty throughout the country. The national resources were in a 
deplorable condition. There was little money in circulation and 
great business depression. Farm products brought low prices and 
our community suffered in common with other places. Then 
came a reaction, and business was conducted upon the credit sys- 
tem. Paper money and promises to pay took the place of coin. 
jSo one thought of paying in actual money. The United States 
Bank came into operation, and the State Legislatures chartered 
banks for almost every town. Our own village had its charter 
entitled " An Act to incorporate the Hamburg Bank," passed by 
the Legislature in 1837. Fortunately, perhaps, as it was ready to 
go into operation, some occurrences delayed organization, and its 


bills never went into circulation. Some of these State Banks were 
conducted honestly, but too many, with small assets in their 
vaults, issued their bills and sent them broadcast wherever they 
could dispose of them, (living and endorsing of notes was the 
common practice. Long credits were given and payments made 
in written promises to pay after so many days from date. Upon 
these principles trade was very active. Many were induced to 
make purchases, because the pay day might be so indefinitely 
postponed. The Philosopher's stone, which John Randolph de- 
clared, he had found comprehended in four words," Pay as you go,'" 
was lost sight of. Sales were made, property exchanged owners, 
and real estate rose very high. Speculation of all kind was rife. 
Town lots were staked off and cities grew upon paper. Many 
men were suddenly accounted wealthy, and reckoned their imag- 
inary wealth by the thousands and hundred of thousands of dol- 

This insecure basis could not stand however, and in due time 
the bubble burst. When inflation came to its end, it scattered 
dismay on every side. The charter of the United States Bank ex- 
pired in 1830, and was renewed bv authority of the State of Penn- 
sylvania. It suspended specie payment in I80T, a measure fol- 
lowed with few exceptions by all the banks throughout the coun- 
try. These suspensions were followed by disastrous consequences 
to many. Failures and bankruptcy spread through business cir- 
cles. ( 'redit ceased as notes went to protest, and men were una- 
ble to meet their obligations. Many who believed themselves 
secure in their possessions, awoke to see that their riches had taken 
wings and they were penniless. Manufacturing ceased and work- 
men were thrown out of employment. 

Snitfftown, as narrated by Col. .Joseph Sharp, received its 
name from liquor being sold on the top of the mountain, the men 
who went there to have their jugs filled called it " going to buy 
snuff." Then a set of men frequented it for their frolics and 
called it " Snufftown.'" So that "going to Snufftown " was equiv- 
alent to going on a drinking carouse. The name still adheres to 
the locality from old usage, although the railroad station and Post 
Office are called Stockholm, from the iron works which were 


formerly carried on a little farther down on the Pequannock 

The name of the river Pequannock means, in the Indian lan- 
guage, the dark or black creek. The whole range of the Ham- 
burg Mountains was called by the Indians " Wa-wa-gan-da," 
which is still applied to a part of the range, with the change of a 
single letter, making Wawayanda. 

Yery near the county line, on the Pequannock River, stood 
the " Windham forge," and a little farther up stood the " New 
Snufttosvn forge."' Then on the Seward branch stood the forge, 
grist mill and saw mill of Stephen Ford Margerum. 

Podiunk is said to have been the name of an Indian chief, 
from whom the mountain was called. The termination unh is 
frequent with Indian names of mountains, as Monunka Chunk, 
Musconetcunk, Shawangunk, and others in New York and Penn- 



Hardyston bad little part in the Mexican Wak. 

Fowler Hamilton, son of Benjamin and Sally Hamilton, 
was a graduate of the West Point Military Academy. He served 
with distinction under General Taylor and General Scott, rose to 
the rank of Major in the Regular Army, and died while on duty 
in Texas, after the war. 

Wallace C. Collett was a student at law in Hamburg 
when the war broke out. He returned to Paterson, his native 
place, and raised a Volunteer Company, who chose him Captain. 
He took his company to Texas and served in several battles under 
General Taylor. A Lieutenant from Orange Co. challenged him 
to a duel, in which he was killed. His brother was Colonel Mark 
"W. Collett, of the 1st X. J. Volunteers, who fell while gallantly 
leading his regiment at Salem Heights, Va., May 3d, 18G3. 

Mr. Edsall, our Member of Congress from this District, had 
obtained promise from President Polk, that if a company was 
raised here it would be accepted and the officers he nominated 
commissioned. The company was raised, but the officers did not 
receive their commissions, and nothing came from the enlistments, 
much to the disappointment of our young men. 



With the national uprising that followed the assault upon 
Fort Sumpter, our section fully sympathized. A few of the 
yoBDg men entered the three months service of the first volunteers, 
but most of those who desired to go found the ranks of the New 
Jersey quota already filled. The defeat of Bull Run had very 
marked effect in arousing patriotic feeling. Soon after August, 

1861, Thomas R. Haines was authorized to recruit men for the 
New Jersey Cavalry Regiment which was being raised. Meet- 
ings were held and addresses made in school houses and public 
places, and in a short time the required number enlisted, and 
formed Co. K. 1st Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry. Haines de- 
ferred his claims to the captaincy of this company in favor of his 
friend, Virgil Brodvick, and accepted the 1st lieutenantcy. 

Company M. of the same regiment was also mainly recruited 
here, and Haines was subsequently made its Captain. 

In the pursuit of Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley, the 1st 
N. J. Cavalry was placed in the advance. On the 6th of June, 

1862, Colonel Windham, contrary to orders, advanced his com- 
mand beyond his supports and fell into an ambuscade at Harrison- 
burg, Va. He was himself with a number of officers and men 
captured, and Captain Haines was killed. 

Lieutenant Alansox Austin was at the time of his enlist- 
ment a clerk in a Newton store. He was a cousin of Captain 
Haines, and commissioned 2d Lieutenant of Co. M. At the bat- 
tle of Cedar Mountain August 9th, 1862, he was struck by a shell 
which took oft* his right leg. He was carried to the rear, but soon 
afterwards expired with patriotic sentiments upon his lips, and 
asking Chaplain Pency to pray with him. 

Virgil Brodrick, born near Lafayette, was clerk for some 
time in a store in Hamburg, and afterwards at Newton. He 
served as private in the first three months volunteers, and was 
made Captain of Co. K. 1st N. J. Cavah\y. He passed through 
many battles, showing great courage, rose to the rank of Lieut. 
Colonel, and was in command of the regiment at the battle of 
Brandy Station, Va., June 9th, 1863, leading his men in a charge 


upon the enemy's camp at daylight. He was struck by a bullet 
and fell almost at the entrance to the tent of General J. E. B. 
Stuart, and was buried in Virginia. 

The 1st N. J. Cavalry Regiment participated in nearly one hun- 
dred fights during the four years of the war. Few organizations have 
left a more honorable record. Companies Iv. & M. poured out their 
blood on the numerous battle fields, and left many of their fallen 
to slumber in southern soil. Survivors still bear the scars of their 
honorable warfare, and it is their glory that they belonged to this 

The handsome monument, erected by the State of New Jer- 
sey on the Rummel farm, near Gettysburg, to the memory of 
the fallen of this regiment, has inscribed upon it the names of the 
three officers above mentioned. 

Under the President's call of July 7th, 1862, for three hun- 
dred thousand volunteers, three companies were raised in Sussex 
County for the 15th Regiment N. J. Infantry. Co. D. was re- 
cruited in Lafayette, Co. I. in Newton, and Co. K. in Hardyston. 

Samuel Fowler, of Franklin Furnace, was appointed Colo- 
nel. He commanded the regiment until after its arrival at 
Bakersville, Md., where it was brigaded in the 1st Brigade N. J. 
troops, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps. At this place Colonel 
Fowler was stricken with typhoid fever, and when the army 
moved across the Potomac into Virginia he was left behind under 
the care of Surgeon Sharp. From this attack he never fully re- 
covered. For a time he resumed his command, but was by ill 
health forced to resign his commission March 6th, 1863. 

Colonel Fowler was born at Franklin, in 1S18, and inherited 
many traits of character from his father, Dr. Samuel Fowler. His 
mother was Rebecca Wood Piatt, daughter of Robert Ogden 3d, 
of Ogdensburg. lie was untiring in his efforts to further enlist- 
ments, and his influence was largely felt in gathering the com- 
panies which nis county and State sent into the field. He studied 
law with Governor Haines, was admitted to practice, but never 
continuously followed his profession. lie was naturally eloquent, 
and gifted with a degree of personal magnetism, which had great 
power to sway an audience. Leaving the army, he retired to his 


home at Franklin. Chosen to the State Legislature, he insisted 
upon being taken from a sick bed to make the journey to Trenton 
He was present at the organization of the House of Assembly, in 
the discharge of what he regarded as a duty, and was taken back 
to his hotel, where he shortly breathed his last,' January, 1865. 
His funeral was attended by the Legislature in a body, and he 
was buried at North Church Cemetery. 

Lieutenant John Fowler was a brother of the Colonel, and 
the youngest son of Dr. Samuel Fowler, born at Franklin 1825. 
He first entered the military service as 2d Lieutenant Co. K., 
1st N. J. Cavalry. lie resigned his commission in the Cav- 
alry, and upon the organization of the 15th X. J. Vols, was 
appointed 2d Lieutenant Co. K., and promoted 1st Lieuten- 
ant of same company, lie was in charge of the ambulance 
train, but anticipating the moving of the army, had some 
days before requested to be returned to his regment. He 
came back only to sacrifice his life, and to be killed by a 
bullet shot just before sundown in the battle of Salem Heights, 
Ya., May 3d, 1883. A comrade wrote : " He was in the thickest 
of the fight, leading his company, when he was struck by a 
minnie ball in the left side of the breast, and with a single excla- 
mation fell to the ground, and lay perfectly motionless. At this 
moment we were ordered to fall back, and were obliged to leave 
our wounded and dead in the hands of the enemy/' His body 
was never recovered from the battle Held. A handsome cenotapli 
is erected to his memory in North Church Cemetery. 

John P. Fowler, born Nov. 13th, 1813, nephew of Dr. 
Samuel Fowler, was Captain of Co. M. 1st N. J. Cavalry, but re- 
signed his commission and accepted the appointment of Sergeant- 
Major of the 15th N. J. Vols. A brave and gallant man, 
his name was the first placed on the list for promotion to a com- 
mission in the regiment. A railroad bank below Fredricksburg 
had been captured by a part of the N. J. Brigade, on the after- 
noon of December 13th, 1862. Fearless of danger he stood upon 
the track, rendering himself, a tall man, a conspicuous mark for 
the enemy's sharp-shooters. A bullet struck him in the thigh, 
severing a large artery. In the confusion of the moment it was 


impossible to stay the flow of blood, and he expired in a few min- 
utes. He was buried at evening ; and as w r e were recrossing the 
Rappahannock two days later, his cousin, Col. Fowler, arrived, his 
body was taken up, sent to Washington for embalment, and to 
Hamburg for burial. ( )n his tomb is inscribed : " He fell gal- 
lantly fighting for the constitution, the union, and the enforce- 
ment of the laws." 

Henry M. Fowler was the second son of Sergeant Major 
Fowler, born near Hamburg in 1846. He was sixteen years old 
when he enlisted in Co. K. 15th N. J. Vols. Upon the death of 
the father the Governor gave the commission intended for him to 
his son, who was made 2d Lieutenant Co. G. He was wounded 
and captured at Spottsylvania, Va., May 12th, 1864. After a 
painful experience of the hardships and cruelties of Southern 
prisons, he made his escape from the cars as a large body of 
prisoners were being transported to another place of confinement. 
By a romantic series of adventures and deliverances in the moun- 
tains and swamps, he at last reached the Union lines in Tennessee . 
He returned to the regiment and received his second promotion to 
be captain of Co. A. After the war he served in the regular 
army, and lost his life some years later in New Orleans during the 
prevalence of the yellow fever. He fell a victim to his sense of 
duty, refusing to leave his post, where he had charge of the large 
city cemetery. His memory wf.s honored by a meeting largely 
attended by Confederate and Union officers in the city, who paid 
all the expenses of his burial and sent his orphan children to the 

Martin ( '. Van Gelder was ( )rderly Sergeant of Co. K. 15th 
N. J. Vols. He was born at Hamburg about 1835, and was liv- 
ing at Deckertown, when he enlisted. He was mortally wounded 
at sunset in the battle of May 8th, 1863, at Spottsylvania, Va., 
and fell within the enemies lines, but after dark some of his com- 
rades reached him and brought him oft' in a blanket. As they 
carried him in, he said, "Tell my wife I die happy, Jesus is my 
Savior." He suffered great agonv from a wound in the breast 
and could not lie down without causing the blood to flow afresh. 
( )n the 19th of May he died in the hospital at Fredericks- 



Among others of Co. K., who fell in battle, or died from 
wounds were : 

James Cassidy, Corporal of the Color Guard, born at Ham- 
burg 1835, wounded at Spottsylvania, May, 8th 1864, and died 
May 22d. Buried at Fredericksburg, Va. 

Chileon II. Brown, Corporal, born near Hamburg 1812, 
killed at Fisher's Hill, Va., September 22d, 1864, and buried on 
battle field. 

Franklin S. Bishop, 24 years old, killed at Salem Heights, 
May 3d, 1863, body never recovered. 

Monmouth Boyd, born near Hamburg, 1843, died June 8th, 
1864, from wounds received May 8th, at Spottsylvania, Va., 
buried at Arlington. 

Isaac Byram, killed at Cedar Creek, October 19th, 1864, 
buried at Winchester. 

Seaman Conklin, 25 years old, killed at Spottsylvania, May 
8th, 1S64 buried on battle field. 

Andrew J. Doyle, born at Franklin, 1844. He had been 
twice badly wounded, and preferred to return to his regiment 
rather than be transferred to the Invalid Corps. He came back 
from the hospital a short time before the battle of Cedar Creek, 
Va., in which he was killed by a shell, which struck oft* his head? 
October 19th, 1864. He was buried by his comrades near the 
spot where he fell. 

Lewis L. Kent, Corporal, was a shoemaker at Hamburg, born 
1823. When the Sixth Corps withdrew from the south bank of 
the Rappahannock, on the night of June 13th, 1863, the passage 
across the river was effected so quietly that numbers of our soldiers 
were not aware of it until the bridge was taken up. In a shelter 
tent under the bank were sleeping privates Albert Fowler, Hiram 
C. Sands, and Kent. In the morning they found themselves 
prisoners and were marched off to Richmond. They were shortly 
after exchanged, and Kent came home on a furlough. In the 
charge at Spottsylvania May 12th, 1864, he was instantly killed by 
a bullet wound in the breast, and buried on the field three days 
after the battle, near the Salient (Bloody Angle). 


Andrew Lambert, 23 years old, killed at Salem Heights, Va., 
May 3d, 1863. Body not recovered. 

Bowdewine Meddalgh, nineteen years old, died at Alexan- 
dria, Va., June 7th, from wounds received May 12th, 1861. at 
Spottsylvania, buried in National Cemetery. 

Sidney N. Monks, born at SnufFtown in 1810, killed in the 
Wilderness, Va., May 6th, 1861, and buried on the battle field. 

Daniel O'Leary died May 11th, from wounds received at 
Salem Heights May 3d, 1863, buried at Washington, D. C. 

Eli D. VanCIorden, of Wantage, born 1S12, killed at Salem 
Church, Va., May 3d, 1863, body not recovered. 

Barney A^ an Orden, of Hamburg, aged 11, killed at Salem 
Church, Va., May 3d, 1863, body not recovered. 

Charles A. Zeek, aged 25, killed at Salem Church May 3d, 
1S63, body not recovered. 

Obadiah P. Lantz. Co 1.. 15 N. 1. Vols., aged 21, and 
Joseph W. Stonaback, Co. D., 15 X. J.Vols., aged 21, died from 
typhoid fever, in the army, in 1S63. Their remains were 
brought home and buried in North Church Cemetery. 

List of soldiers buried in Hardyston : 


1. Samuel Fowler, Colonel 15 Regiment N. J. Vols. 

2. Thomas R. Haines, Captain Co. M., 1st Regt. N. J. 

3. Cenotaph to John Fowler, Lieutenant Co. X., 15th N. 
J. Vols. 

1. Henry O. Fowler, Co. 11., 37th N. J. Vols, 

5. George W. Doland, Co. M., 1st N. J. Cav. 

6. Charles Price, Co. M., 1st N. J. Cav. 

7. Nathaniel I). Martin, Corporal Co. X., 1st N. J. Cav. 

8. Thomas J. Lewis, Sergeant Co. X., 1st N. J. Cav. 

9. Obadiah P. Lantz, Co. L, 15th N. J. Vols. 

10. Joseph W. Stonaback, Co. D., 15th N. J. Vols. 

11. William Lozaw, Co. K., 15th N. J. Vols. 

12. Daniel Everman, Co. X., 15th N. J. Vols. 

13. John E. Congleton, Sergeant Co. D., 27tli N. J. A'ols. 


14. John Cassady, Co. II., 27th X. J. Vols. 

15. Nelson Mabee, Co. D., 27th N. J. Vols. 

16. Searing Wade, Co. I)., 27th N. J. Vols. 

17. Joel Campbell, Penn. Vols. 

is. James McDaniels, 16th N". Y. Independent Battery. 

19. Matthew Babcock, Co. B., 124 X. Y. Vols. 

20. Martin Wright. 


21. John P. Fowler, Sergeant Major 15th N. J. A r ols. 

22. Daniel W. Tinkey, N. Y. Engineers. 



In 1738 the population of New Jersey was less than fifty 
thousand, and that of Sussex County between five and six hun- 
dred. " At that time there was not a school house or a meeting 
house within the limits of territory comprising the present coun- 
ties of Sussex and Warren." [Edsall.] 

The Hollanders, in the Minisink region, selected from their 
own people a youth of talent, sixteen years of age, John Casper 
Fryenmoet, whom they sent for education to Holland. They 
paid his expenses for four years, and upon his return in 1741, 
erected four buildings for his use. These were the Mahackemack 
Church, now Port Jervis, the Minisink in Montague, the Wal- 
pack, and the Smithfield in Pennsylvania. 

The first Greenwich Presbyterian Church was built of logs 
previous to 1744, in which James Campbell preached, and also 
David Brainerd, when in the vicinity. 

Peter John Bernhard and Casper Schaeffer, his son-in-law, 
were Germans, who came in 1742 from Philadelphia to Stillwa- 
ter. With other Germans they formed a congregation and 
appropriated a plot of ground for burial purposes, and for a 
church site. Mr. Bernhard died in 1748, and his was the first 
interment in the new cemetery. A church building was erected 
In 1771. The congregation was German Reformed in its con- 
nection, and was subsequently merged into the Presbyterian 
Church of Newton. 


Edsall says : " in 1TC9 Newton contained an Episcopal 
congregation ; about the same time a German congregation was 
gathered, and a Presbyterian congregation was soon brought 
together." The congregations at Newton had no church buildings 
for a long time afterwards, and their membership was small. 
After the Court House was erected the Presbyterians held servi- 
ces in it until their church was built in 1787 ; and there also the 
Rev. Uzal Ogden, the Episcopal minister, preached from 1771 
until his removal in 1779. 

The church at Beemer Meeting House was organized by set- 
tlers from Connecticut. Its government at first was Presbyterian 
inform, but afterwards it united with the Connecticut Association 
and became congregational. Its earliest pastor w T as A. Augustine, 
of whom little is known. The second was Jabez Colver, who was 
accused of Toryism during the Revolutionary war, and after the 
conflict removed to Canada, having served this church for thirty 
years. There the government gave him a large tract of land. He 
held extensive landed property in Sussex County, and Culver's 
(iap, and Culver's Pond were probably named for him. His suc- 
cessor was Rev. Mr. Seely, a godly man, who visited in Hardy s- 
ton, and occasionally preached and administered the sacraments in 
the Gary Meeting House. Mr. Kanouse, in 1844, says of him : 
" He was a good man, and much beloved by his people, and is 
still remembered by the aged with delight. Under his ministry 
the church was built up by hopeful conversions to God.'' Seven 
other pastors succeeded Mr. Seely, the last of whom was Rev. Bar- 
ret Matthias, a cultivated and graceful speaker, and a vigorous and 
interesting writer upon religious subjects. On the 13th of July, 
1844, the church resolved by unanimous vote to unite with the 
Second Presbyterian Church of Wantage. It was constituted a 
separate organization by Newton Presbytery in 1882, and is 
now called the Papakating Presbyterian Church. 

The earliest settlers at Hamburg were Presbyterians and 
Reformed Dutch, who had occasionally religious meetings in their 
houses as early as 1750. Says Mr. William Rankin : "In 1770 
three families came here from Rhode Island, named Marsh, Hart 
and Southworth, who were Baptists." The Baptists of the towns of 


Wantage, llardyston and Newton, " banded together in church 
relation," with William Marsh as their preacher. An old bond, 
executed by William Marsh, of I lardy s Town, October 20th, 1762, 
to Robert Ogden 2d, shows that he was living here at. that date, 
and also that Judge Ogden had at that early time business trans- 
actions with the inhabitants along the Wallkill. Marsh lost his 
life in the massacre of Wyoming, in 1778. 

In 1777 the Baptists chose Constant Hart as pastor, and organ- 
ized a religious society, taking the name of the " Baptist Church 
of AVantage, Hardystown and Newtown." They built a house of 
worship on Lawrence's Hill, to the west of Hamburg. Its loca- 
tion was not satisfactory to the Baptist families, who were 
mostly in Wantage; and in 1782, five years after its erection, it 
was taken down and rebuilt in Wantage, and became " The First 
Baptist Church of Wantage," more commonly known as the Pa- 
pakating Meeting House. 

The Dutch ministers from the Minisink region visited the 
settlers of the Clove, and at a meeting of the inhabitants, August 
21st, 1787, a petition was drawn up and signed by fifty-five names, 
asking for organization as a Low Dutch Church from the Olassis 
of New Brunswick. At September classis, 1787, "was granted 
and ordered the formation of a congregation in the (love and 
vicinity." " Agreeable to said order," elders and deacons were 
ordained, and the church was constituted April 16th, 1788, by 
Rev. Elias Y. Bunschooten, its oiily pastor while it continued a 
Dutch Church. Helmos Titsworth's barn served as a meeting 
house for a time, until a log church was built a little south of the 
present edifice. By vote of the members, November 24th, 1817, 
it became Presbyterian. 

The following record is found in the Clerk's office at Newton: 

" At a meeting of the Presbyterian congregation in llardys- 
ton, in the county of Sussex, holden at the dwelling house of 
Rob. Ogden, Esq., the present and most usual place of meeting of 
said congregation, on Thursday, 23d Novebmer, A. D., 1786, in 
order to form a body corporate and choose trustees, agreeable to 
the act of the Legislature of this State, passed the 10th March, 
1786, due notice having been given by advertisements agreeable 
to the directions of said act. A sermon was preached by the Rev. 


.las. Wilson previous to the election. 

The meeting then proceeded to business and chose Rob. 
Ogden, Esq., Moderator; Kob. Ogden, Jr., Clerk. The Modera- 
tor and Clerk being chosen, the meeting proceeded to the choice 
of trustees, when the following gentlemen were elected : Rob. 
Ogden, Esq., Christopher Hoagland, Esq., Charles Beardslee, Esq., 
Christopher Longstreet, Japhet By ram, Rob. Ogden, Jr., Esq., 
Thomas VanKirk, Esq. 

" I certify the above proceedings to be regular and true. 

Ron. Ogden, Moderator. ,, 

At the same meeting, the trustees chosen, took the oaths re- 
quired by the act of the Legislature, and assumed the name and 
title of the " First Presbyterian Church in Hardyston." 

" It would not be amiss to date the church back to the time 
when services were held in the house of Robert Ogden. This was 
perhaps as early as 1780. The church was built on land (to the 
extent of 54 acres,) given for that purpose by the proprietaries 
of New Jersey. For some years it was a mere shell of frame, 
roofed and weatherboarded, with roughly hewn seats for the wor- 
shippers. The old frame remains to-day, apparently as strong as 
when first put together. The original members of the church are 
supposed to have numbered ten, and to have been named as fol- 
lows : Christian Clay, Mary Clay, his wife; Jonathan Sutton, 
Robert Ogden, Jonathan Sharp, -lane Mills, wife of Robert Mills ; 
Mary Johnson, wife of Andrew Johnson ; Gabriel Paine, John 
Linn, and Martha, [his mother.] April 8th, 1810, there were 40 
on the roll. May 14th, 1819, there were 99 active members of 
the church, and 49 of them were dismissed to form the church of 
North Hardyston, and 13 to form that of Hamburg, leaving 37 to 
continue the First Church of Hardyston. " 

[Chambers Sparta Memorial.] 

The congregation of the First Church of Hardyston began 
the erection of a house of worship at the head of the Wallkill, 
now Sparta village, in the spring of 1786. This organization was 
designed to include all the Presbyterians of the town, but the 
inhabitants of North Hardyston, who worshipped at Cary's meet- 
ing House, petitioned for land to be given them also, within a 
reasonable distance. The petition was favorably considered, and 
a second donation of land was secured through the courtesy of 
Judge Lewis Morris, signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
and a parsonage lot of 54 acres was set off for congregational pur- 


poses to the people of North Hardjston. The land given is a 
part of the farm of Asa Munson, and known in his deeds as " the 
Parsonage Lot." The minutes of record at Perth Amboy, are in 
Book S, S, page 142, 30th May, 1787. 

Grants of land had been made by the East Jersey Proprietors 
for church purposes to the leading denomination of each town. 
In Newton the Episcopalians were stronger and received the gift 
of a farm ; in Hardyston the Presbyterians were the most num- 
erous, and obtained the double gift here spoken of. 

The date of the erection of the first Gary Meeting House 
cannot be given with certainty. 1782, the year the Baptists re- 
moved their church from Hamburg, is accepted by some, and a 
commemorative meeting was held at the North Church in 1882. 
Others think it was standing during the Revolutionary War. 
Deacon Garret Kemble said, " It stood there long before." The 
testimony of the few living who worshipped there in early life 
makes it a very old building. Burials were made on the spot as 
early as 1774. Mrs. Sally Hamilton described it as having a very 
substantial frame, and said it was used many years before its com- 
pletion. The ceiling was never plastered, and the swallows made 
their nests on the beams. 

A subscription paper, dated June 19th, 1813, speaks "of the 
decayed situation of the old meeting house near the Wd. Beard - 
slee's." A building must have stood many years, before such a 
description would be suitable. 

The Gary Meeting House continued its connection with the 
First Church in Hardyston, at the head of the Wallkill, until 
May loth, 1819, when it was organized as a distinct church with 
sixty-one members. Fifty of these came by letter and eleven 
were received on profession. On July 18th, nineteen more were 
received by letter, and eight on profession, making the total mem- 
bership eighty-eight. The corporate name adopted was " The 
North Presbyterian Church of Hardyston." 

The " Presbyterian Church of Hamburg " was constituted a 
separate church May 14th, 1819, the day previous to the organi- 
zation of the North Church of Hardyston and by the same com- 
mittee of Presbytery. The records have long disappeared. 


Very little is now remembered of the early ministry of the 
First Church in Hardyston. The names of He v. Mr. Jackson, 
and of Rev. Mr. Seeley, from the Frankford and Wantage, or 
Beemer Meeting House, Church, appear as doing ministerial ser- 
vice among our people. 

Rev. Holloway Whitefield Hunt was the earliest pastor of 
whom much can be' said. There is no record of stated preaching 
in our churches until 1795, when Mr. Hunt took charge of the 1st 
Hardyston, Cary's Meeting House, and Newton Churches, serving 
them until 1802. He received from Robert Ogden the use of a 
farm, and finally the possession of it, conditioned upon his re- 
maining as minister to these churches for seven years. He re- 
ceived his deed, gave his receipt in full, and shortly moved away- 
He was of an English family who came to America in 1652. 
His parents were Augustine Hunt and Lydia Holloway, and he 
was born in Orange Co., N. Y., 9th April, 1769. His father, who 
removed to Wyoming, Pa., but after the massacre, in 1778, fled 
with his family and returned to Orange Co., advised his son to 
seek some life work for himself, saying, " All I have to give you 
is a dollar and the blessing of God.'' After his conversion, Hollo- 
way began to preach as a Methodist minister, but found his edu- 
cation inadequate, and as soon as he had secured means, — by 
chopping wood and cleaning land — he prepared for college, grad- 
uated at Nassau Hall in 1791, and came here the following year. 
He was licensed by the Presbytery of New Brunswick, in Decem- 
ber, 1794, ordained and installed over the churches of Newton 
and Hardyston, June 17th, 1795, and died January 11th, 1858, in 
his 89th year. 

During his ministry the Presbyterians of Hamburg used a 
large school-house, with a chimney at each end, which occupied 
very nearly the site of the present Presbyterian Church. In this 
school-house Mr. Hunt frequently held evening services. On one 
occasion he preached a sermon, ever remembered by Mrs. Sally 
Hamilton, upon the words, " Faith, Hope and Charity." When. 
Joseph Sharp was living here, he took down the large school- 
house, and built a smaller one, near where the iron bridge of the 
Lehigh & Hudson River Railroad stands. Mr. Hunt's brother 


whom lie assisted in educating, and several of his sons and 
grandsons, became ministers. 

From 1802 the church had for three years supplies furnished 
by the New York Presbytery. In the winter of 1805 Barnabas 
King, a frail and youthful looking man, a graduate of Dartmouth 
( 1 ollege, who had studied for the ministry, was teaching in the 
State of New York, and preparing to go further west to some of 
the newly formed settlements. A friend, Mr. Beach, of Morris 
County ^ had written to him that there was an open door in north- 
ern New Jersey. He purchased a horse, crossed the Hudson 
River at Newburg, and entered New Jersey near Vernon. On 
Christmas eve he stopped for the night at a tavern where there 
was a country ball, but obtained very little rest. This was prob- 
ably the old tavern house in Hamburg whose site is now occupied 
by the new house of Henry \\ r . Edsall. The next day the trav- 
eller reached the hospitable mansion of Robert Ogden, who gave 
him a cordial welcome. 

Rev. Albert Barnes wrote that he knew of no minister whose 
walk and labor and success had been so admirable as those of Barn- 
abas King, of Rockaway. < me of our members recollects his com- 
ing to the house of her father, Judge John Linn, at Harmony 
Vale, to baptize one of his children. Robert Ogden gave Mr. 
King a letter of introduction to his son-in-law, Colonel Joseph 
Jackson, of Rockaway. The churches of Rockaway and Berk- 
shire Valley were vacant, and Mr. King took charge of them in 
connection with Sparta and the Cary Meeting House, and this 
arrangement continged for three years, when he received a call to 
preach one-half of his time at RocKaway, with the salary of $125, 
and afterwards of $208. A great revival began at Rockaway, 
and at one communion nearly eighty were received into the 

" lie began at once," says Dr. Joseph F. Tuttle, " in the most 
systematic manner to minister to his people. He not only 
preached in every neighborhood, but visited every house for re- 
ligious instruction and prayer. I lis labors became excessive at 
times, and for weeks together amounting to ten public services a 
weak, besides his regular visits in the parish and visits to the 


sick."" lie died in April, 1862, in his eighty-second year, and 
after a pastorate of fifty-live years. 

In 1810 Oliver Gueen, a licentiate, became stated supply. 
Before his ordination lie died at the house of Robert Ogden, 
August 24th. 1810, and was buried in the rear of the Sparta 
Church, where Mr. Ogden placed a tombstone to his memory. 
lie was the son of Oliver Green, of Ashburnham, England, grad- 
uated at Dartmouth ( 1 ollege in 1807, and was licensed to preach by 
South Worcester Association. 

In 1S11 Joseph Linn Siiafek, D. 1)., began his ministry, 
giving by agreement one Sabbath out of four to the congregation 
at Cary's Meeting House, and preaching also at Sparta and New- 
ton. He received $132 from the North Church as their propor- 
tion of the salary. In lSir> he ceased to preach in Hardyston 
and took the exclusive charge at Newton, remaining there as pas- 
tor until his death, with the exception of two years spent at Mid- 
dletown Point. 

Casper Scl wetter came from the Palatinate, Germany, and set- 
tled in 1712 on the bank of the Tehoe-neteong creek, now the 
Paulins Kill, near the site of the present village of Stillwater, lie 
married Maria Catrina, daughter of .John Peter Bernhard, who 
also settled in Stillwater. Casper had eight children, of whom 
Isaac was the sixth. Isaac Sehaeffer married for his second wife, 
Martha Linn, daughter of Joseph Linn and Martha Kirkpa trick. 
Joseph L., their oldest child, was born at Stillwater May 9, 1787, 
united with the Yellow Frame Church in his fourteenth year, 
and died at Newton November 12th, 1853. His wife was Diana 
Forman, of Freehold. 

Dr. Shafer's usefulness continued until he was stricken with 
paralysis, shortly before his death, while reading the closing hymn 
after his sermon. He was most conscientious in his religious con- 
victions and affectionate toward the people of his charge. His 
ministry in North Hardyston was distinguished by the building 
of two churches. 

A subscription list dated June 19th, 1813, reads: " We, the 
subscribers, being sensible of the decayed situation of the old 
meeting house near the widow Beardslee's, and of the necessity 


and great utility of having a decent and comfortable house erected 
at or near the place where the old one stands, for public worship, 
do engage to pay the several sums annexed to our respective 
names. When a sufficient sum is subscribed, managers shall be 
chosen to contract and superintend the work, and Martin Byer- 
son, Israel Munson, George Buckley, Noah Hammond, Peter 
AVhitaker and J. Sutton shall be a committee to circulate sub- 
scriptions to raise funds for the purpose aforesaid." John Linn 
subscribed $150 ; Samuel Fowler, $150 ; George Beardslee, $150 ; 
James Scott, $100 ; Charles Beardslee, $100, and others very lib- 
eral sums amounting to $1,133. Noah Hammond subscribed 
$45 " if no house is built at Hamburg." 

The portion of the congregation who before went up the hill 
complained so much, that the new house was placed below it, near 
where Colonel Cary's log house once stood. A paper endorsed 
"" Memorandum of Proceedings and resolutions respecting building 
a Meeting-house near "VViddow Beardslee's in Hardiston, 1814," 
reads : £i At a meeting held at the Widdow Beardslee's the 1st 
day of February, A. D., 1814, to consult upon the propriety 
of building the Meeting House near the old house in that place 
it was resolved to go on ; and that George Beardslee, Doctor 
Samuel Fowler, and Samuel Beardslee be the managers to Con- 
tract and superintend the work. 

" And that John Buckley, Jr., Beverly Beardslee, George 
Buckley, and Peter AVhitaker, Esqr., be Collectors, to collect the 
Money subscribed for the purpose of building said House. And 
that John Linn, Esqr., be and hereby is chosen Treasurer. It 
was moved and carried that the Treasurer and Collectors act in 
that capacity without fee or reward. And the Managers be only 
allowed pay when out from home on expense." 

By Feb. 10th, 1814, bills were presented for shingles pur- 
chased and lumber hauled, showing that the work went promptly 
on after the congregational meeting was held. A debt contracted 
was not wholly paid off until after 1S20. The building in an 
unfinished condition was occupied that winter, and for several suc- 
ceeding years. Dr. Fairchild speaks of it in 1830 as "scarcely 


From the time the Post Office was established until the break- 
ing out of the second war with Great Britain there was much 
business energy and some village pride in Hamburg. The build- 
ing of a church in the place had been discussed, and March 21st, 
1808, a meeting was held by a few influential citizens, who ap- 
pointed a committee to secure subscriptions for a meeting house, 
to be called the Hamburg Church, and to be free to all denomin- 
ations. Nothing, however, came of it. 

In 1813 when the matter of rebuilding the Cary Meeting 
House was under discussion, the Presbyterians of this place re- 
solved to build, and shortly after the two structures were going up 
at the same time. Mr. Martin Ryerson, who called himself a 
Quaker, promised to give the land. The Baptists subscribed 
nearly one hundred dollars, and when the deed was drawn up, 
dated January 10th, 1814, Mr. Ryerson refused to give the lot to 
the Presbyterians exclusively, but made it to the " Trustees of the 
United Presbyterian and Ana-baptist Society of Hamburg." 

AVhen the house was completed stated services were held in 
it by the ministers of the First and North Ilardyston congrega- 
tions, and the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper were 
administered. The Presbyterians exercised the prior use of the 
house, and continued until 1831 to have their Sabbath morning 
service here, alternating with the North Church. When the 
third North Church was dedicated Dr. Fairchild insisted upon 
preaching there every Sabbath morning, and giving the afternoon 
only to Hamburg. 

The Hamburg Church was originally almost square in plan, 
with a gallery on three sides. The wine glass shaped pulpit stood 
on a single pillar, and was reached by winding stairs. There were 
four square pews on each side and long seats through the middle 
of the house. The square pews were sold and deeds given for 
them as in the Sparta Church. The Second North Church re- 
sembled the Hamburg Church, and was built on the same model. 

Rev. Noah Crane came in 1816, and purchased a farm in 
Sparta, upon which he lived. He was born at Montclair July 
14th, 1780 ; ordained by the " Associated Presbytery of Morris 
( ounty ;" was our minister until 1818, and continued twelve years 


longer at Sparta, lie was spoken of in terms of wannest affec- 
tion. His death occurred at Newark Sept. 16th, 1851. 

Burr Baldwin, a licentiate of New York Presbytery, 
preached here for one year, 1818, and was greatly blessed in his 

The wave of the great revival of 1800 reached this region, and 
the activity of the pastors in our county was finally crowned with 
joyous ingatherings. There were several " general meetings 1 ' in 
which a number of churches united. As a specimen of these, 
we may name one held at Beemer Meeting House. Robert 
( >gden records it in his diary as follows : 

"1818, Tuesday, 25th August. After breakfast set off with 
Mr. Crane to go the General Meeting at Beemer's Church, in 
Frankford. Eat dinner at Judge Linn's. In the evening attended 
the prayer-meeting in Beemer's church ; about 100 assembled. 
Lodged at N. Beemer's. AVednesday morning attended the prayer- 
meeting at sunrise ; about fifty were present. At nine assembled for 
worship. Mr. Greer, Mr. Williams, Mr. Shafer, Mr. Crane, Mr. 
Baldwin and Mr. Allen attended. Mr. Greer preached, the 
others exhorted. At twelve had an hour's intermission. Assem- 
bled at one. Mr. Allen preached, the others exhorted. ( 1 losed 
the exercises before four o'clock. It was supposed 1500 were 
collected. Xo accident or disturbance happened. * '"" * * 
After breakfast Thursday morning came home. Mr. ( 'rane eat 
dinner with me. After dinner went to prayer-meeting [Sparta].'' 

Some dissatisfaction was expressed at the suggestion that Mr. 
Allen should preach at the great meeting. He was very youth- 
ful looking and a stranger. But as he stood in the doorway he 
soon carried the hearts of his great auditory with the earnest, 
piercing words he used. They were deeply affected, and from 
this time Mr. Allen's reputation as a preacher was established. 

Mr. Allen has himself recorded another account of this great 


"Sabbath 23d August, 18 IS. This day a Presbyterian 
Church was duly organized in Newfoundland. The ordinances 
were administered at Brownville in a barn. This was a very sol- 
emn dav. The largest audience assembled that I have ever seen 


in this region of the country, between 4 and 500. Dr. McDowell 
preached from the words, ' And he shall see of the travail of his 
soul.' While the ordinances were administered a no. of affec- 
ting addresses were made. It was a time of deep solemnity. Mr. 
Green preached in the p. \r. from the words, ' And yet there is 
room." I trust that the transactions of this day will not soon be 
forgotten. Mr. Green and myself rode to Snufftown. I preached 
in the evening at Mr. Ford's to a large assembly. 

" Tuesday, 25th August, 1818. Had made a promise to at- 
tend a great meeting about 20 miles distant — near Decker Town. 
This had been appointed by Eev'd Mr. Williams and Mr. Baldwin. 
Arrived at Judge Linn's at even. 

" Wednesday, 26. In a gig with Judge Linn, rode to Beem- 
er Meeting House. Here found five Presbyterian Clergymen 
assembled, two of the Baptist order, one Methodist and one Inde- 
pendent. At 10 : public worship commenced. The exercises 
were opened by Mr. Williams. After an exhortation and prayer, 
Mr. Greer, of X. York State, preached a good sermon. He was 
succeeded by Mr. Crane, of Sparta. The audience was large and 
not half could get into the house. Mr. Shafer, of Newton, com- 
menced the exercises with a short prayer. I then preached a ser- 
mon, and was followed by exhortations from Mr. Baldwin and 
Mr. Shafer. At 1: the meeting was dissolved. In the p. m. we 
preached standing in the dooi. It was judged that nearly 2,000 
persons were present, but the order and solemnity was as great as 
if it had been the Lord's day. Spent the night at Judge Linn's 
and had the pleasure of Mr. ( )gden's and Crane's company. 

''Thursday, 27th August, continued at Mr. Linn's until p. >r. 
At 12 : was informed that Mr. Linn's brother had expired the da}- 
before. He was ill but half an hour before he became a corpse — 
a solemn providence. Spent the night in Hamburg at Mr. 
Udell's, a Methodist. We had much interesting and edifying- 
conversation during the evening and retired late. 

" Friday, 28th. Continued in Hamburg until 2 o'clock p. &t., 
dined at Mr. Gould's [Elder Johnson X. Gould]. Made arrange- 
ments to exchange labours with Br. Baldwin a few days the com- 
ing week. Arrived at Pittenger's Tavern at the appointed hour 
for meeting, and preached again in the evening at Mr. Young's 
to a crowded house, "How will you escape, if ye neglect so great 
salvation."' Many were affected and the meeting solemn. One 
man desired our prayers. 

"Tuesday, 1 September, 1818. Had agreed to exchange 
with Br. Baldwin for a few days. Set off for Judge Linn's where 
I had an appointment in the p. m. Preached to a crowded house — 


the people gave good attention. Wednesday, 2d September, p. m., 
preached at Gary Meeting House to a full house, the people 
were attentive ; returned to Judge Linn's and spent the night. 

"Thursday, 3 September, 1818. In the p. m., with Mr. 
Linn rode to the place appointed for preaching. Found a crowd- 
ed house and spoke to them from these words, " O wicked man 
thou shalt surely die." Many appeared affected. I thought 
proper to appoint another meeting in the evening. Mr. Teasdale, 
a Baptist Clergyman was present and took part in the exercises. 
I spent the night with him at Mr. Hammond's. 

" Friday, 4 Sept. Arose at an early horn* and rode about a 
mile to Mr. Rorick's for breakfast. Was agreeably entertained 
with fruits. Came to Mr. Gould's, where I was hospitably enter- 
tained. In the r. m. visited a few families. They were willing 
to converse and some promised they would endeavor to reform. 
One man pleaded inability. In the evening addressed a very 
large audience. They were very attentive. I spoke from these 
words, ' O Jerusalem, &c, but ye would not.' 

" Saturday, 5 Sept. Rose at an early hour, walked 4 miles 
to Judge Linn's, took breakfast, and being favored with his horse 
and gig I went to Newton and spent a few hours at Br. Shafers. 
Returned and in the evening preached at Hamburg in a tavern. 
The people attended well. Spoke from the parable of the " Rich 
man and Lazarus." Spent the night at Mr. Ryerson's. Convers- 
ed with Mrs. R., an intelligent woman, relative to the concerns of 
her soul. Retired at a late hour. 

" Sabbath, 6 Sept. After the morning duties repaired to the 
house of God with raised affections. It pleased the Lord to put 
it in the hearts of many persons to assemble together this day. I 
felt animated while addressing so many precious souls — was ena- 
bled to speak with great freedom. I attempted to expose the 
vain excuses of sinners. In the p. m. spoke from the 1st verse of 
29th chap, of Proverbs. After this went to Vernon, about six 
miles, and preached to a crowded house. Spent the night at Mr. 
Winans' tavern. Very agreeable family. 

"Monday, 7th. Returned to Newfoundland. Did not meet 
Br. Baldwin. Dined at Mr. Ford's. Eve'g. attended the monthly 
concert for prayer, we had a very interesting meeting — the house 
was crowded with people who were very solemn Conversed witli 
Mr. Babbitt who has recently embraced a hope." 

One day as Mr. Allen was returning from a meeting an old 
gentleman invited him into his house, and said that if the people 
would build a meeting house, he would give the land and fifty 
dollars. On October 1st, 1818, a meeting- was held in a school 


house, when the people resolved to build a church, and live Trus- 
tees were chosen. Mr. Allen was much engaged in Sunday 
Schools, of which there were several large and full. " One girl 
recited 1152 verses, and another 800." " Some youth commit 200 
verses every week." " Thursday 8 Oct., 1818. Attended Pres- 
bytery at Elizabeth Town, and was examined for ordination. Six 
young men received License, viz : Crane, Condit, Armstrong, 
Babbitt, Osborn, Ford. 

" Tuesday 19th, 1818. In the evening preached my trial 
sermon for ordination in the session house of the Brick Church, 
[New York City] . It was determined that I be ordained at New- 
foundland on the 2d Tuesday in Nov. Spent the night with Br. 
Cox at the house of Mr. Dodge. 

" Sabbath, 24 Oct. This was considered by many as the 
most interesting day that was ever witnessed in Newfoundland. 
Two additional elders were elected. Thirteen persons were bap- 
tized, etc. Strictest attention from a large audience. Dr. Mc- 
Dowell preached and considered this as the most solemn day he 
ever witnessed. The Lord was evidently in the midst of us. I 
trust this was a day long to be remembered. 

"Tuesday, 10th Nov., [1818]. This day had been ap- 
pointed by Presbytery for my ordination as an Evangelist. The 
weather was very favorable. Ten of the clergy were present and 
seven elders — a very large concourse of people assembled. The 
exercises were performed in Capt. Martin Brown's barn. The 
Rev. Mr. Williams commenced the exercises. Mr. Condit made 
the opening prayer. An admirable sermon was preached by 
Samuel Cox, " I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ." Mr. 
Fisher made the consecration prayer and delivered the charge, 
and Dr. McDowell concluded the exercises by a pertinent address 
to the people. All was solemn and affecting. May I never for- 
get the solemnities of this day. The vows of God are upon me. 
May I ever look to him for assistance to fulfil the duties of my 

"Friday. 18 Dec, 1818. Rode through the mountains — ■ 
came to Bro. Bostedo's, [Methodist Minister] and preached in his 
house. Not many attended. About 10 in this place have united 
themselves to Mr. B.'s church. Arrived at Newfoundland and 
preached in the evening at the house of Maj. Sutton. The atten- 
dance was good. Had the pleasure of seeing Bro. Enos A. Os- 
born, on his way as a Missionary to Decker Town, to assist the 
Rev. Mr. AVilliams. The Lord is reviving his work in that 

" Jany. 1st, 1819. The year past my labors owned and blest 


of the Lord. A church formed in Newfoundland of 45 mem- 
bers. One in Stony Brook of 17 members, and a great Revival in 
Ixmg Pond. 

" Jany. 31st. Twenty-two persons received into the church 
at Long Pond. 

" In February preached in Post Mile and Amity, where Mr. 
Timlow attended, who was about to become their minister. As- 
sisted at ordination of Mr. Miller, at Blackrivcr, Chester. Morris 

""Thursday, March 11, 1819. Went to Hamburg— had 
agreed to spend the day, which had been set apart for fasting, 
humiliation and prayer, with Bro. Baldwin. A considerable num- 
ber of people assembled. We each made an address. In the 
evening I preached from the History of Bartimens. It was very 
stormy which prevented many from attending. Staid at Mr. 
( Mould's. 

" Friday, 12 March. Understood that the people in Ham- 
burg had issued a subscription with the view of having me to 
preach for them one half of the time. 

" Saturday, 20th March. Had made arrangements to ex- 
change a few days with Bro. Baldwin and accordingly set off for 
Franklin Furnace, arrived at Mr. Munson's before night and took 
tea. In the evening preached to a crowded house. The atten- 
tion of the people was good and solemn. Went to Hamburg to 
Mr. Gould's. 

-Sabbath, 21st March, 1819. A cold day. Those present 
were very attentive. In the evening preached at Vernon, 6 miles 
from Hamburg, to a very crowded and attentive audience. Spent 
the night at Mr. Winans'. 

" Monday 22d. Rode passed in the evening to Pochunk and 
preached to a thronged assembly. We passed a solemn evening 
and a number appeared affected —the Lord blessed the word 

" Tuesday, 23d. Came to Hamburg. Called on Mr. Jones 
and spent the day with him, his wife a member of the church. 
Storm prevented preaching. Became acquainted with Dr. L'Hom- 

" Wednesday, 24th. At Judge Linn's. Evening preached 
in S. House to a very crowded house. Many obliged to stand. 
Solemn meeting. Bro. Baldwin arrived during the service. 

" Thursday, 29th March, 1819. Newark— Attended Pres- 
bytery — was directed to preach at Hamburg and the North 
Church until the next stated meeting of Presbytery, commencing 
in June. 


" Friday, 14 May, 1819. Came this day to Hamburg. Had 
the pleasure of meeting Brothers Fisher, Williams, Crane and 
Baldwin, i*. m. Bro. Fisher preached a sermon suitable to the 
occasion, and afterwards constituted the church. AH the clergy 
went to Judge Linn's to spend the night. 





The following minute is taken from the Sparta Session 
Book : 

"May 14, 1819. The Session of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Hardyston met agreeable to notice at the house of 
Thomas Ryerson in Hamburg. Present, John Linn, Johnson 
N. Gould, George Buckley. The Rev. Mr. Samuel Fisher, 
Bishop of the congregation of Paterson, presided as Moderator. 
Opened with prayer. Forty-nine [whose names are given else- 
where] applied for dismission from this church to join the North 
Church in Hardyston. Whereupon it was resolved that the ap- 
plication be granted and that the several persons named be dis- 
missed agreeable to their request. 


" 1, Johnson N. Gould; 2, Elizabeth Gould; o, Martha 
Reeve; -i, Mrs. Jane Jones, w. of Thomas; 5, Nancy Silsby; 6, 
Jane Wood ; 7, Priscilla Vibbert, w. of William ; 8, Hannah 
Campbell, w. of John ; 9, Jnlia Kimball ; 10, John T. Perry ; 11, 
Jane Perry ; 12, Mary Edsall, and 13, Mary VanVliet, applied 
for dismission to join the church in Hamburg ; whereupon it was 
resolved that their application be granted and that the several per- 
sons named be dismissed at their request. 

" The session then closed with -prayer." 


North Church of Hardy ston, May 15th, 1819, 3 o'clock, p. m. 

" The persons whose names are underwritten, members of the 
Presbyterian congregation worshipping, in this place, being de- 
sirous of enjoying christian fellowship and the special ordinances 
of the church of Christ, met at their usual place of worship and 
opened their meeting by prayer to God for his guidance and 

" The liev'd Samuel Fisher, being present, was chosen Mod- 
erator and John Linn Clerk. 

" After having produced satisfactory testimonials of their 
having been admitted members of the Presbyterian Church, and 
of their dismission from the churches to which they respectively 
belonged, they unanimously adopted the following constitution, 
viz : 

I. That we do this day, humbly trusting in the grace of 
the great Shepherd and Bishop of Souls, cordially unite together 
as a Christian Church, under the name and style of the North 
Presbyterian Church of Hardyston. 

II. That we do sincerely receive and adopt the confession 
of Faith of the Presbyterian Church and do approve of the gov- 
ernment and discipline of the same, as exercised in these United 

III. That we do sincerely engage to walk together in Chris- 
tian fellowship and love ; tenderly and carefully watching over 
one another in the Lord. 

IV. That we do solemnly engage to submit to the discipline 
of this church, when administered according to the rules of Christ, 
as long as we continue members of the same. 

" The communicants of the church then chose John Linn 
and George Buckley Elders, and Mr. Linn Deacon. These per- 
sons having been already ordained to these offices were not 
reordained. Eleven additions were received upon profession. 


The loss of the records prevent us from knowing what oth- 
ers beside the thirteen named were received by letter from other 
churches or by profession of faith into the Hamburg Church when 
constituted. By direction of Presbytery Mr. Allen came at the 
end of the month to assume charge of the cliurches. We may 
again take up his diary which furnishes the best history of his 
ministerial labors. 

"Thursday, May 27, 1819 Thus have 1 spent one year and 
one month in preachiug the gospel in Newfoundland. The Lord 
be praised. lie has done great things for the people in^this des- 
titute region. Three churches have been established — containing 
45 in one, 35 in another, and 21 in the third ; the foundations laid 
for three meeting houses. This year has proved the most happy 
of my life. The Lord go with me to that people among whom for 
a few months I expect to labor. 

" Friday, 28th, spent the former part of the day in making 
preparations for removing to Hamburg. 

" Saturday, 29th, came to Hamburg. Stayed at Mr. Johnson 
N. Gould's. 

" Sabbath, 30th, 1819. A cloudy day and appearance of 
ram. Preached at the meeting house one sermon. The audience 
was respectable, but 1 felt cold and dull, and fear the sermon was 
not much felt. Dined at Mr. Itycrson's. Messrs. Ford and Bruer, 
lawyers, were present. In the r. m. rode to Vernon and preach- 
ed at the school house. The audience was not large but atten- 
tive ; ' Behold 1 stand at the door and knock, etc' Spent the 
night at Mr. Winans'. Next day I visited the school in Vernon 
and exhorted the children to remember their Creator in the days 
of their youth. In the i\ At., in company with Mr. Winans, went 
to Pochunk and heard Mr. Vreeland, a Methodist, preach. Went 
to Mr. P. Kyerson's where i spent the night. 

" Tuesday, 1st June. Attended the funeral of Mr. B 

once a professor of religion but had grieviously apostatized and 
-died from intemperance. He is gone to render up his account. 
In the afternoon 1 preached at the school house near Mr. Pyer- 
son's. Conversed with a young man who was a little serious. 

" Friday 4th. Visited the school near Judge Linn's. After 
examining the pupils, addressed them on seeking the Kingdom 
of Heaven, p. m., Visited a number of families. Found Mr. 
Tattle and wife at the Big Spring. Serious impressions. Had 
an interesting interview with them, and particularly with two 
men who were laboring at his house. One was niuch'affected and 


thought he would, without delay, seek the one tiling needfuL 
The other, his appi'entice, appeared somewhat impressed, said he 
had forsaken many of his evil practices, but he feared the scoffs 
and sneers of his young companions. At the next house found. 
Mr. Kimble and his wife both professors of religion. He had 
been in much distress and lost his hope, but was in a more com- 
fortable state of mind. Addressed a .young woman here who was 
careless, but promised to forsake her evil ways and think of her 
eternal concerns. Hopkins family — The man did not seem very 
happy to see me, but invited me to go into his house. His wife 
Avas somewhat serious. Came to Mr. English's, was detained by 
a shower all night. I saw him the next morning. Called at the 
Hopkins', found Mrs. II. serious and had a conversation with her. 
Spent an hour in the family of Mr. Smith. His case was pecu- 
liarly interesting. A native of Ireland, he had been a professor 
of religion and thought he enjoyed its comforts. He appeared 
penitent and wept much. I exhorted him to return unto the 
Lord who would heal his backsliding. 

" Sabbath, Oth June, North Church. Endeavored to sup- 
plicate a throne of grace that the Lord would this day own and 
bless my feeble labors. Repaired to the courts of the Lord and 
found a large assembly convened. Had much freedom in address- 
ing immortal souls. 'Behold I lay in Zion, etc'. In the p. >i. 
4 Parable of the Supper.' The attention was good. Baptised four 
children. Attended sabbath school at the Stone S. House. Heard 
the Bible class. 

" Monday T. In the r. m. attended the monthly concert of 
prayer, at the meeting house. A goodly number of people at- 
tended. Conversed with some persons on the subject of religion 
immediately after service. 

" Tuesday, June 8, my birthday. So teach me Lord to num- 
ber my days, etc. With Judge Linn rode to Newton, to attend 
the County Bible Society, was appointed a director, may I dis- 
charge my duties with fidelity. Wednesday, Bro. Enos Osborn, 
laboring at Deckertown, called on me and spent the day. We 
examined the points on which he expected next week to be exam- 
ined by Presbytery for ordination. 

" Thursday, p. m., preached at the school house [New Pros- 
pect] near Mr. Givans, to a full and interesting house. Spent the- 
night at Esq. Buckley's, an Elder. 

"Friday 11. Visited Mr. Givens' family. Conversed with 
the old gentleman on many points. He is indulging a hope. 
Also with two young women — both seriously impressed. One 
trusted she had found a hope in the Lord Jesus. Visited another 


family — woman unconcerned. Urged the necessity of seeking an 
interest in the Savior. She appeared pleased with my visit and 
desired me to call again. Left a message for a young woman who 
had hid herself at my coining. Visited Mr. Buckley's — Found 
Mrs. B. and a young woman under exercise of mind. ( 'ailed on 
her mother-in-law, a pious old lady. Dined at Israel Munson's 
and conversed with him and his wife. Visited Mrs. Wade. 
Preached at school house near the Franklin Furnace. The house 
was filled with attentive hearers." 

These extracts exhibit something of Mr. Allen's life and the 
style of his labors. He was an earnest preacher and faithful 
pastor. Those whom he visited and conversed with were mostly 
all in due time brought to Christ, many of them by his faithful 
personal appeals. 

lie labored here for nearly two years, during which time 28 
members were received into the North Church, and a goodly 
number into the Hamburg Church. lie went to Deckertown and 
the Clove, and met with wonderful success, and especially in his 
labors at Beemerville. 

The following is from the diary <>f Robert Ogden : 

''Saturday, October 23d, 1 824— Went to Decker Town. 
Lodged at Mr. Allen's. 

"'Sabbath 24th — Attended the communion at the new meet- 
ing-house below the mountain in Wantage [Beemerville | under 
the pastoral care of Mr. Edward Allen. A powerful and extensive 
revival of religion has taken place in that congregation, and the 
congregation of the Clove and of Decker Town, now united under 
the care of Mr. Allen. Over one hundred and twenty-two mem- 
bers were received into the church, of whom more than fifty were 
baptised. Mr. Job Foster Ilalsey, a licentiate from the Seminary 
at Princeton, was there and assisted Mr. Allen in the administra- 
tion of the ordinance. The house, though large, was crowded to 
overflowing. The exercises of the day were solemn, impressive, 
edifying, and consoling, and in the highest degree alarming to the 
impenitent. O my God, let not the operations of thy Spirit be 
suspended, but may they still be visible among that people and 
also be extended to this barren corner of Thy vineyard." 

Mr. Allen was for nine years in charge of the Wantage 
Church. His field extended fifteen miles east and west, and from 
six to eight miles north and south. Failing health compelled him 
to suspend his labors for a time, but lie resumed them later at 


Milford, Pa. When the Second Church of Wantage was organ- 
ized, in 1834, lie preached there two years, and then returned 
to Milford for two years, lie had charge at different times of 
five other churches in Pennsylvania, to all of which he came in 
their weakness and left them greatly strengthened and enlarged. 
As many as ten church buildings owe their erection to his endeav- 
ors, lie died August 1st, 1877, aged eighty-five years. His first 
wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Elder John Linn, of Harmony 
Yale, whom he married while minister here. His second wife 
was the AVidow Louisa T. Richardson, of Harford, Pa. 

The following is an extract from North Church Sessional 
Records : 

"'■ Near the close of the year 1S20 the Rev. Edward Allen, 
after laboring among us as a Missionary a year and a half, accepted 
a call from the Presbyterian ( 'hurch and congregation of Wan- 
tage, X. .1." 

" During the winter of IScil the congregation were convened 
according to notice; when they voted to give Rev'd Burr Bald- 
win a call to preach for them, either as Pastor or stated supply, 
under an engagement to preach one-half his time at the North 
( 'hurch and at Hamburg ; and the remainder of his time at Erank- 

This invitation was accepted by Mr. Baldwin, and he entered 
upon his duties as a stated supply, having been ordained since his 
former service here. It is a matter of regret that we know so 
little of this good man's labors while for three years our two 
churches were in his charge. During his pastorate twenty-one 
were added to the membership of the North Church. 

We had no communion set of our own. The one belonging 
to the Sparta Church, given by Robert Ogden, had been some- 
times used here. It was proposed that all the farmers' wives 
should make a contribution of butter, and as many as possible 
phould send a tub. This butter was forwarded to New York for 
sale, and with the proceeds was purchased the communion set^ 
which is still in use. 

Rev. Nathaniel Conkt.ino succeeded Mr. Baldwin in June,. 
1 824, and was here nearly four years, during which time there 
were thirty-nine additions to the church. Except from the Ses- 
sion book little information remains respecting his ministrations, 


but we may judge from these records that he was a useful man 
and faithful to his calling. 

He was ordained as an Evangelist by the Presbytery of .New- 
ton, November 19th, 1S23, preached in Indiana and Illinois, 
labored in Pennsylvania, and died at Tyrone City, Pa., about 
186G. Rev Nathaniel W. Conkling, I). P., of Xew York city, 
is his son. 




In September, 182t>, began the ministry of Elias Riggs 
FairchilDj who served the church exclusively for nine years, with 
the exception of nearly twelve months, when the state of his 
health required rest, and Rev. Stephen Thomson supplied his 

"When the North Church was burned the congregation was 
greatly disheartened. The session gathered around the smoking 
ruins, and the question was asked, what shall Ave do now ? Amid 
the tears of the old Elders, Dr.Fairchild answered, we must build 
again. Dr. Fowler headed a subscription list with $100, and 
others came forward liberally. Dr. Fairchild circulated the sub- 
scription paper at home and in other places. Stated worship was 
held under the trees in the orchard, as long as the weather per- 
mitted. The new house was dedicated on Friday, May Oth, 1831, 
fourteen months after the fire. Rev. Peter Kanouse preached on 
the occasion from Isaiah, 54:2. Rev. Mr. Allen was pre- 
sent and participated in the exercise-;, which were solemn and 

The attendance at the new church was soon greatly increased. 
In the fall and early winter of this year the work of God's Spirit 
was manifested, and sixty united with the church during 1831. 
The following sessional record is made November 26th, 1832: 
u In the early part of September the special influences of the 
Holy Spirit were shed forth on different sections of the church. 
The members soon manifested a deeper interest in the tilings of 


religion, and many of the unbelieving community were converted 
to God." Sixty-seven were received into the church this year.. 

In 1 833 there were but five additions, while in 1834 twenty- 
six are recorded. None were received in 1835, and seventeen 
were added in 1836. 

A woman's prayer meeting was held on week day afternoons 
at the different houses. The ladies met for co-operative work, in 
sewing and making garments for the poor, and their tract society 
carried the gospel message once a month to every house. Thus 
the woman's societies, now so universal, were all anticipated in 
Our female organization, which was in active service a half cen- 
tury ago. 

" Neighborhood prayer meetings " were held in every part 
of the congregation. The young men would walk long distances, 
often after a hard day's work upon the farm, and take their part 
in prayer, and if required conduct the meetings. From eight and 
ten miles distant the people drove to the North Church. "When 
there was much religious interest the church was overcrowded 
and benches were kept to be placed in the aisles. Mr. Fairchild 
preached and lectured night after night, gaining the solemn and 
fixed attention of his hearers. He had power in almost compell- 
ing careless families to come to the house of worship, and when 
they became hearers for a time, they were soon brought to an 
awakened state. 

Caleb Fairchild settled at Whippany, Morris County, N. '1., 
about 1735. Ezra Fairchild, his son, married Prisilla Burt, and 
removed to Mendham, in 1702. He was in Washington's army, 
and died of small pox, contracted while the army lay near Mor- 
ristown. He had four daughters and two sons. Ebenezer was the 
youngest child, born January 18th, 1770, married Phebe Vance 
in 1797, and died July, 1869, in his ninety-fourth year. He had 
been a Ruling Elder in the 1st Presbyterian Church of Mendham 
for seventy years. His wife attained almost as great an age as 
himself. They were both marked by great simplicity of charac- 
ter and earnestness in christian life. They had two sons, Ezra, 
a successful teacher and principal of an Academical school for 
many years, and Elias Riggs. 


Elias Riggs Fairchild, D. D., was born near Mendham, 
N. J., August 17th, 1801. His boyhood was spent upon his 
father's farm. Resolving to prepare for the ministry, lie secured 
a classical education, graduated at a New England College, and at 
Auburn Theological Seminary in 1S27. He was soon after 
licensed and did missionary service in Western New York. Some 
of his sermons were prepared with great care, yet he had remark- 
able facility in speaking, and some of his happiest efforts were 
made upon the emergency. At times he rose to eloquence and 
his appeals were most touching. He sought to reach the hearts 
of his hearers, and the love of Christ was his constant theme. 
Vet lie did not fail to persuade men by the terrors of the Lord. 

lie was three times called to the church of Montgomery, 
X. Y., and as many times installed its pastor. He served as Sec- 
retary of the American Home Missionary Societ} r , and afterwards 
of the American and Foreign Christian Union. These positions 
required severe labor, and the exercise of much courage and faith, 
but under his management both of these organizations prospered 
and sent out many young men. 

He was eminent in building up feeble churches. It was his 
habit to go to a weak congregation and devote himself to it for a 
tew years. Large revivals usually followed, and under his prac- 
tical suggestions, debts would be paid, and the salary raised for a 
new minister. lie would then consider his work complete in 
that field and go to another. 

After a painful illness he died at Morristowu April 22d, 
1878, in joyful contidence of entering the rest which remaineth 
for the people of God, and his grave is at Mendham. His funeral 
was largely attended and devout men carried him to his burial. 
Representatives were present from many churches for whom he 
had labored, and to whom he had been a blessing. 

He has written an autobiography, intended only for the 
perusal of his most intimate friends, but I have been permitted to 
copy, for insertion, that portion of it which includes his ministry 


narrative ok labors at north iiardyston church. 

- In July, 18-20, a delegate from the North. Church of liar- 


dyston, in Sussex County, X. J., (Mr. Andrew Linn, one of the 
elders of the church,) called on me in Mendham, JS\ J., to lay 
before me the claims of the church and vicinity, which he repre- 
sented, and to engage my services there if the way was clear for 
so doing. 

"Mr. Linn returned to his place and under date of August 
5th, 1829, at a meeting of the congregation of North llardyston 
and Hamburg, a paper was adopted, expressive of the desire of 
the congregations for my services among them, in the gospel min- 
istry, with the understanding that public preaching be held on the 
Sabbath days, in the churches alternately. After maturely con- 
sidering the call to this field of labor, its claims grew upon me 
and drew me toward it with unusual force. It was a rural con- 
gregation, extending iii length froni ten to twelve miles, (from 
Lafayette to Vernon) and in width six to seven miles, (from 
Ogdensburg to limits of the Baptist Church, near Deckertown). 
There were but 30 names on the church roll of members, and but 
a small sum could be raised for the annual support of the minister. 
I early signified that I would come to them if Providence should 
permit, about the middle of the month of August. 

"I succeeded in arranging my affairs so as to keep my ap- 
pointment. Mrs. Fairchild accompanied me. We were very cor- 
dially received into the family of Mr. .Joseph Linn, and made 
onr home in his house about nine months. The following May 
we removed to the parsonage, near the church, which the congre- 
gation had purchased. 

" Religious services were maintained in each of the churches 
alternately on Sundays. In a short time several stations for 
preaching were established outside of the church edifices. Sab- 
bath Schools, Bible classes, and meetings for prayer, were in time 
set up and maintained at various points, with manifest good re- 
sults. In March, 1830, the congregation of the North Church 
sustained a great shock from the burning of their church edifice. 
It was scarcely finished. It was not insured. The loss was there- 
fore absolute and total. To the friends of the church it was a 
previous affliction ; and over-cast them all with sadness, intensified 
by the impression that the fire was the work of an incendiary. 
But this sad event was made the occasion of good. A deeper 
interest in church affairs was by it awakened, and a resolution to 
build another and better house was quickly entertained. Event- 
ually subscriptions were opened for funds to supply the loss. 
Suitable persons were appointed to canvass the territory and see 
what could be obtained of cash, labor, or materials. When 
this work was fairly and encouragingly underway. I repaired 


to Newark, Elizabethtown and various places in Somerset 
and Morris counties, New Jersey, and solicited funds. I also 
visited some parts of Pennsylvania for the same object. At Mil- 
ford very handsome contributions in lumber were made. The 
offerings of k the people of the parish, and the contributions of 
friends outside of it, completed the work, and when the house 
was dedicated it was wholly paid for. 

" When the new stone church was completed the people con- 
sented to make it the central point for worship every Sabbath 
morning. Afternoon and evening services, Sundays and week 
days, were held at Hamburg and in the different neighborhoods. 
One organized Presbyterian Church, and one board of Elders only 
existed in the territory, and all church members were members of 
the North Church of Hardyston. 

" In seasons of revivals, the members were always ready to 
cooperate with me in visiting from house to house, and conversing 
with the anxious in the' inquiry room, and in any other service 
which they could render Several remarkable revivals o( religion 
were enjo}'ed. On one of these occasions almost every part of the 
territory seemed more or less affected, and the people were anx- 
ious to attend religious meetings. ( )beying the Providential indi- 
cations services were opened in the church edifice, and continued 
daily and nightly for considerable time. As one of the results 
about one hundred persons professed conversion to Christ ; and 
at a communion service, which included two Sabbaths consecu- 
tively, seventy-five were admitted to membership. Some of the 
converts sought connection with Baptist and Methodist Churches 
in the neighborhood. Other seasons of special interest in religion 
were enjoyed where-iu numbers were converted and added to the 
church ; but they were of more limited extent. By the Lord's 
blessing a valuable church and congregation grew up on that ground, 
having in 1838 a good church edifice of stone, a parsonage with 
barn and other outbuildings, and several acres of plow and meadow 
and wood land. There was a communion list of a little more than 
two hundred (200) members, of these about 150 had been added 
by profession. My closing services at the North ( !lrarch were 
held Sunday, May loth, 1838. In that week I went to Mont- 
gomery, N. Y. 

Rev. Joel Campbell came from Ilonesdale, Penn., and 
took charge of the North Church May, 1838. His ministry was 
a long one, continuing unbroken for eighteen years, when he 
purchased a farm in western Pennsylvania, to which he removed. 
On account of sickness he came back after six months, and en- 


gaged to supply the congregation for a short time. He was in- 
strumental in organizing the Presbyterian Church of Layafette, 
a number of whose early members went from us by certificates. 
\\ hen Mr. Campbell, came the church had reached its greatest 
advance in numbers and strength. The corrected roll showed a 
membership of two hundred, earnest, intelligent christians, and 
well Organized for christian work. The parsonage house was in 
good repair, with fourteen acres of land attached. The salary of 
$450 was paid every year, although with some delays. Mr. 
I ampbell purchased additional land to the amount of twenty 
acres, and after a time built a new house on his own ground, now 
the residence of Elder S. O. Price, and rented out the church par- 

In entering upon his labors lie followed Mr. Faircliild in his 
appointments, but left out the more remote stations. I do not 
think lie went at all to Vernon, where at one time there were so 
many Presbyterian families that efforts were made toward build- 
ing a Presbyterian Church in the village. The enterprise fell 
through, and the people went to Amity, or united with the Vernon 
Methodist Church, which was formed in 1837. Some of the 
Vernon members long continued their names upon our roll. 

Mr. ( 'ampbell usually preached three times on the Sabbath, 
but had not the physical ability to hold fom- or five other meet- 
ing.- through the week, as some of his predecessors had done. He 
won the affection of the children, and was considered peculiarly 
happy in his addresses upon funeral occasions. Two revivals of 
religion took place under his ministry. One in lS-i'2, when thirty- 
six were received into the church. The work commenced in the 
?uinmer, and reached its greatest power in September and Octo- 
ber. Rev. Mr. Allen and Mr. Conklin assisted in the extra servi- 
ces which were held. The word came with great power, and on 
several occasions the evening exercises in the church were accom- 
panied by weeping throughout the house. An inquiry meeting be- 
fore evening service was held at the parsonage, to which many of 
the young would resort in distress of mind, and to obtain spiritual 
direction. The scenes of Mr. Fairchild's day were repeated, and 
the little parlor became again the hallowed spot where souls en- 


tercd the kingdom of God. The 1st of January, 184^, was a 
memorable day, when twenty-six stocd up to profess their faith 
in Christ, and to come for the first time to the Lord's table. There 
was one man of sixty-five years, but most were young and more 
than half were under twenty. Mr. ( 'ampbell was very tender and 
judicious in dealing with awakened consciences. 

The second revival occurred in 1850. Early in the fall 
special meetings were held at the church in which Mr. Campbell 
was assisted by a young evangelist, who went freely in and out 
among the seats speaking with those in attendance. The singing 
of familiar hymns had much influence in arresting attention and 
carrying the truth home to the heart. This revival was not as 
widespread and remarkable as the previous one, and yet through 
it twenty-four were gathered into the church. 

An annual donation party for the minister's benefit was given 
at the parsonage. Few gifts were in money, and they were more 
commonly of farm products, useful in the household. The farm- 
ers brought oats, wheat and rye ; their wives linen and woolen 
yarn, and the merchants contributed sugar, coffee and tea. The 
married people came in the afternoon, and the " young folks'' 
in the evening. < )ne winter the young men of Franklin presented 
Mr. Campbell with a handsome broad cloth cloak, which he wore 
for many years afterwards. 

Mr. Campbell took charge of the Lafayette Church, and con- 
tinued its pastor until the Rev. Jetho B. Woodward was installed 
by Newton Presbytery, lie purchased a house in Lafayette vil- 
lage to which he removed, making it his home until his death, 
May 15th, 1872, in his seventy-sixth year. He was buried in 
North Church Cemetery in a lot donated for that purpose by the 
Trustees. His wife, son, daughter and son-in-law are buried in 
the same plot. His daughter, Amanda, became the wife of David 
Hopkins Kimble. His son, Joel, began to study for the ministry, 
and was for a time a student in Princeton ( 'ollege, but soon 
changed his purpose, serving in the' army during apart of the war 
of the rebellion. 



Rev. David C. Meeker came to the North Church April 
1st, 1S57. He had been preaching at Deerfield, X. J., and at 
Darby, near Philadelphia. The matter was under discussion 
whether to repair or rebuild the parsonage. Mr. Meeker was so 
urgent for the new house that the congregation decided to build 
if the means could be raised. A subscription paper was prepared 
and placed in the hands of my aunt, the widow T. .V. Austin. 
Her perseverance and activity secured the amount, and the new 
building soon arose not far from the old site, and is the present 
parsonage of the congregation. The old one, which has the date 
of 17sS on the chimney, Mas remodeled, and has since been the 
home of the sexton. 

Daring the year 1858 much religious feeling existed in the 
congregation, and a few extra meetings were held. These closed 
abruptly after two weeks continuance, and the result was the in- 
gathering of sixteen souls. The total addition during Mr. Meek- 
«er's ministry was nineteen. 

He left the church in August, 1859, and returned to Darby, 
Pa., where he died a few years later. 

The Rev. Goodloe Bowman Pell is the only survivor of the 
former ministers of the North Hardyston Church, and is now 
pas tor of the Presbyterian Church, of Amenia, IV. Y. 


He was the son of the late Hon. Samuel and Louisa Bell, and 
was born at Reading, Pa., dune 14th, 1832. After graduating - at 
Yale College in 1852, lie made an extended tour in Europe, and 
on his return entered the Union Theological Seminary in New 
York City, where lie graduated in 1850. He was ordained by the 
Fourth Presbytery of Philadelphia at Norristown, Pa., in Octo- 
ber, 1S59, and immediately after took charge of the North Church. 
He married Annie Augustine Austin, the only daughter of Mrs. 
T. A. Austin and neice of Daniel Haines, who died at Amcnia in 

Soon after Mr. Bell's advent extensive repairs were made 
upon the church building. The roof was slated, and the whole 
interior changed. The pulpit which formerly stood between the 
doors was placed on the opposite side, and the seats reversed. 
The alterations made transformed the house into a neat and com- 
modious place of worship. The attendance upon the services in- 
creased largely when the church was reopened, and new members 
were added. 

The civil war came with its excitements and occupied much 
of the thoughts of the community. Soldiers were recruited, and 
many of the young men volunteered. Three companies were 
chiefly raised from within the bounds of the congregation, besides 
individuals who joined other military organizations. The ladies 
formed a soldier's relief society, and made lint and garments, and 
knit stockings for their friends in camp, in all this patriotic 
work Mr. Pell heartily sympathized and co-operated. His own 
brother, Captain Bowman Bell, fell in battle. 

Mr. Bell writes, " The North Church was up to the highest 
standard of patriotism, and freely gave ' its boys' to save our coun- 
try. When 1 went to Hardyston inlS59 the first to welcome me 
was Thomas P. Haines. The last service 1 rendered as pastor 
was to officiate at his funeral ; he had fallen upon the battle field 
in Virginia, and was buried October, 1864, and the entire com- 
munity were mourners." 

Sunday evening services were held at Franklin Furnace 
where the school house was often crowded. < )ther stations were 
visited in their turn on Sabbath afternoons. Mr. Bell was an ex- 


cellent musician, and often led the singing, which formed an at- 
tractive part of the exercises. The whole number added to the 
membership during his five years term of service was seventeen, 
lie was called to Hope ( 'Impel, a mission enterprise of the Brick 
( 'liurch of New York, and resigned his charge here October 1st, 
1 s 'i4, and removed to the city. 

My own ministry in Ilardyston began at the close of my 
connection with the army. After three years service as Chap- 
lain of the 15th Regiment, X. J. Volunteers, I visited my home 
and was asked to preach the first Sabbath of July, 1865. Before 
service a paper was given me with thirty signatures representing 
the families of the congregation. This was a call inviting me to 
become their pastor, and stating that it was the unanimous wish 
of the people that I should settle among them. A few days later 
I. signified my acceptance of this invitation, and have continued 
here ever since. The only breaks in this relation were one of nine 
months, when I went to Palestine in the service of the American 
Palestine Exploration Society in L8T3, and another when I re- 
ceived a second leave of absence from my church for six months 
in 1876 to visit and make explorations in the Sinai Desert. 

1 was never installed here by action of Presbytery, but with- 
out the ceremony of an installation I have been just as much the 
pastor, and the congregation my people. This relation has been 
preserved when all the churches in the counties of Warren and 
Sussex, with a single exception, have changed their ministers, and 
after very short pastorates. 

The membership of the church in 1865 was by the roll of 
Mr. Bell thirty-eight. To say that the church was feeble does 
not fully describe it. A former pastor said, " It was weakness 
itself." The attendance at the church, excepting upon funeral 
occasions, had been reduced to a mere handful. One Sunday 
School was held at Franklin Furnace with about forty scholars. 
There was no prayer meeting or weekly lecture, and but one ad- 
dition had been made to the membership for over three years. 
There were two elders, my father, Daniel Haines, who was mostly 
a resident of Newark, where he held his courts, and .lames Oon- 
gleton, eighty-five years old. I had therefore to walk by faith and 


not by sight when J declined other invitations and determined to 
remain in my native place. 

We began with service every Sabbath morning at the North 
Church, and preaching every Sabbath evening in the old school 
house at Franklin. On Sabbath afternoons I preached in the 
school houses at Harmony Vale, at New Prospect and Monroe- 
Corners. Our progress was very slow. AYe reported to Presbytery 
forty members in the spring of 1800, forty-two in 1807. and sixty- 
seven in 1808. 

In the fall of 1807 and the winter following there was 
special concern for eternal things in the North Church Sunday 
School, and several boys and young men were converted. We 
soon began' extra services, with meetings for inquirers at Mr. 
Price's house. Quite a number came to these inquiry meetings, 
some of whom became hopefully pious. The work promised to 
become more general, yet did not attain the dimensions expected. 
Still the year 1868 was one of blessing, and in L869 we reported 
a membership of seventy-three, having almost doubled onr num- 
bers in three years. 

In the fall of 1870 the presence of the Holy Spirit was ver\ 
marked. Much prayer prevailed, the meetings were well attended, 
and throughout the congregation there was great tenderness of 
feeling. I invited the Rev. Almon Underwood to assist me \'<>v a 
fortnight. Conversions took place at Hamburg; the North < 'hureh. 
and at Franklin, and in the neighborhoods where we held cottage 
meetings, and the school house appointments. In the spring oi 
1 S71 the membership was 98, with the addition of thirty-one re- 
ceived the year previous. This was the largest increase for more 
than thirty years. 

By 1877 we had attained the number of 117 : having in 
eleven years trebled our membership. From this time we began 
to suffer by deaths and removals, and the strength of the church 
was greatly diminished. We continued to receive additions bul 
these were outnumbered by our losses. In 1881 we were reduced 
as low as SI members. In 1882 we had but 85; in LSSS, Ui, 
and in 1884, 99. 

Until the summer of 1883 I had not been confined t«. r.lic 


house by sickness for many years; then I was laid aside from 
parish duties for more than a month. The following summer, not 
being in good health, I went to the sea shore in hope of benefit, 
and was taken seriously ill at Berlin, Maryland, the place of my 
first settlement in the ministry. Although enabled to return 
home after a few weeks, it was long before my strength was 
regained. While laid aside, the services of the Sabbath were sus- 
tained by the Elders and church members. 

At the communion service in November, 18S4, three were 
added by profession. Some seriousness was shown, and as much 
as my strength allowed, I held extra prayer meetings in private 
houses. The attendance was small at first, but after a few conver- 
sions had taken place the numbers increased until our rooms were 
crowded. A memorable meeting was held one evening in the 
house then occupied by Theodore Talmadge, whose wife was 
dying witli consumption. There was no special indication of feel- 
ing until near the close of the meeting, when the presence of the 
Holy Spirit, was manifest. Tears and sobs filled theroom as one 
young person after another asked our prayers, or declared the 
inten tion of accepting Christ. The house was afterwards burned, 
but the memory of the meeting has not yet passed away. 
Another prayer meeting was held in my own house, when twenty 
arose to say they had found Jesus precious to their souls. When 
we held the spring communion a large number at Hamburg were 
received into the church. 

Much seriousness prevailed in the -North Church part of the 
congregation. Several who attended meetings at Monroe Corners, 
professed conversion there, but came back to unite with their own 
church. We had no help from other ministers, and "my strength 
and powers were limited, but Cod showed us that we were more- 
dependent for success upon him than any ability of our own. 

At the spring meeting of Presbytery, 1SS5, we reported an 
accession during the year of forty-two upon profession of faith, 
and ten by letter, making the total membership 142. In 1880 
we reported fifteen added upon profession; and in 1S8T, twelve 
accessions, the entire membership being 162, the greatest number 
for more than forty years. 


As in the winter of 1870 and 1871, so at this time, simulta- 
neously with our own church's quickening, was there a season of 
awakening at Pudeville, when numbers were reclaimed from a 
careless, worldly life. 

In 18G5 there was but one Sunday School, held at Franklin, 
in a room over the store house, with forty scholars. The North 
Church Sunday School, instituted in 1818, had been suspended. 
We re-opened it, at first with few present, but the second and 
third year it grew to be the largest ever held within our congrega- 
tion, the average attendance for the season being ninety scholars 
and teachers. It was held before morning service, and often the 
house of worship would be well filled with the school. As before 
noticed some of our earliest conversions were among the scholars. 
The Sunday School at Franklin enlarged and was transferred to 
the school house, and afterwards to the church, where it became 
almost as large as the one at the North Church. 

We organized Sunday Schools at Harmony Yale and New 
Prospect, which were maintained several summers with full num- 
bers, but were closed in the winter. The wants of the population 
upon the Hamburg Mountain were brought to our notice, and a 
Sabbath School was opened in a log house. This led to the build- 
ing of the Log Chapel, and the maintenance of a Sunday school 
for several years. The school has had as many as eighty schol- 
ars, and its influence for good is still felt in that mountain com- 
munity. We succeeded in having a common school district set 
off to give the children the opportunity of instruction. Itev. 
Nathaniel Petti t was the County School Superintendent ; we 
secured his interest in the enterprise, and he appointed Patrick 
McManus its first teacher. A large number of children and youth 
who were growing up in ignorance, learned to read, and were 
taught the principles of religion. This Sunday School was for 
several years mainly sustained through the efforts of an Elder, 
who with great fidelity continued to go there at all seasons. 

When our five Sunday schools were in full prosperity we had 
two hundred and fifty scholars ; the yearly gatherings at the North 
Church to celebrate our anniversary brought them all together, 
and we often gave dinner under the trees to five hundred per- 


sons, old and young. Thanksgiving evening was another occasion 
when the old church would be filled with boys and girls. 

The Sunday School at. Hamburg, in the new Presbyterian 
Church, was organized the first Sabbath in December, 1869, and 
has since continued without intermission. It drew somewhat 
from the North Church, but the majority of its scholars first 
attended here. 

AVe may speak of some of the enterprises successfully carried 
out by our congregation. Very early attention was directed to 
the old graveyard. It was overgrown with briars, and had be- 
come like the churchyard of Stoke Pogis, a neglected spot. Ad- 
ditional land was purchased to the extent of one acre and a tenth, 
which was enclosed with the old part by a wall, and laid out in 
lots. Their sale has covered all the expenses incurred in the pur- 
chase, grading and planting the cemetery with evergreen trees. 
In sixteen years the new ground was so fully occupied as to make 
a futher enlargement necessary.. Four more acres were bought in 
1885, and the ground is in process of preparation, with some of 
the lots already occupied. The death of Benjamin Northrop oc- 
curred in 1774, as inscribed upon his tombstone, and this spot was 
set apart and \\m><1 as a burial place as early as that year if not be- 

The crowded audiences at the Franklin school house seemed 
to demand better accommodations there. The new owners of the 
furnace and mines were spending much money, and expressed 
their purpose of making the place a great manufacturing town. 

At first we intended to erect a very modest chapel in propor- 
tion to our means. After a while a lease was effected upon the 
stone church for ten years. This belonged to the " First Particu- 
lar Baptist Society of Franklin," whose membership was greatly 
reduced by removals and deaths. The walls were very substantial, 
but the wooden parts of the structure were much out of repair. 
AVe expended one thousand dollars in renovating the church, and 
it was opened for service in the fall of 1867. The services were 
well attended, and we soon gathered a membership of thirty. The 
frequent changes among the workmen in the mines and furnace 
sent away many religious men and their families, and other influ- 


ences prevented the growth of a permanent and strong organiza- 
tion. In the spring of 1875 by the vote of the congregation at 
their annual meeting, and by the order of the Session, our servi- 
ces at Franklin were suspended, and we ceased to have stated 
preaching at the church. 

Many of our families at Hamburg found it difficult to attend 
the North Church, and others could not do so at all. The matter 
of having Sabbath services here was under consideration in the 
summer of 1869. One day Mr. Samuel Beardslee said to me, 
" We ought to have a church of our own at Hamburg, and one 
man has promised to give $250, if others will contribute the rest." 
The same evening I saw the person mentioned, and he introduced 
the subject of a new church. I said, " If you will secure $1,000 
we will put up a chapel.'* In three or four days he called to say 
he had that amount subscribed. The subscribers met and ap- 
pointed a committee to secure a site and begin the erection of a 
building. Two different lots were offered us, one adjoining the 
Hamburg school house, and one on the high ground toward Ilar- 
dystonville. We finally compromised and chose a location mid- 
way between the two, where land was given on the corner of the 
Turnpike and Kudeville roads. Here formerly stood the school 
house, with two chimneys, in which religious services were held in 
earlier days. Ground was broken September, 1860, and forty- 
two days after laying the first stone the entire stone work, 
designed to be put up at that time, was laid. The other 
work went on rapidly, and we opened for worship a part of the 
house, and held a service the first Sabbath afternoon of Decem- 
ber, 1869, having expended $2,200. The largest contributor was 
Daniel Haines, and the next Judge William E. Skinner. Much 
of the success in carrying out this enterprise was due to Samuel 
A. Beardslee. A number of others contributed largely, so that 
we had no difficulty in paying off the indebtedness incurred.. 

The Sunday School was large from the beginning, tBie con* 
gregations fair for our numbers in the village, and w* received! 
accessions at the different communion seasons. Among our male 
membership were a large number qualified to take part in prayer- 
meetings, or to conduct them acceptably themselves. We felt 


the good hand of our God with us, and anticipated prosperity 
for days to come. In January, 1877, the deatli of Elder Daniel 
Haines occurred. This was followed by other deaths, and the 
removal of many who had been influential. We were great!}' re- 
duced in strength by this unexpected loss of so many prominent men. 

The extension of the church was necessarily delayed from 
weakness and poverty. In the summer of 1879 Mrs. Matilda 
Fairchild, the widow of Rev. Dr. Elias R. Fairchild, one of our 
former pastors, encouraged me to renew the attempt to build, by 
the gift of $200, and the promise of more if required. This she 
afterwards supplemented by the additional gift of $500, making 
$700 in all. Had it not been for her sympathy and donations, 
the work would not have gone on. My friend, Colonel Henry 
L. Pierson sent me word that he would give $250. The matter 
was laid before the Board of Trustees, who authorized me to go 
on as long as the money lasted, but not to incur any debt. 

Considerable money was raised among ourselves ; the work 
moved slowly, and we paid as we progressed. With various hin- 
drances and interruptions, and notwithstanding our limited re- 
sources, the completed house was dedicated to the worship of God 
May 18th, 1881. The following minute was entered in the Ses- 
sion Book : " The church was dedicated free from debt, and the 
congregation gratefully acknowledge the kindness of the Lord 
God in so abundantly prospering their endeavor to build a house 
to his name." 

The rear window was put in in 1883, the expense of which 
was $360. The steeple was erected in IS 84 at a cost of $450. 
The walls were frescoed in 1887. The total cost being nearly 
$8,000. Some parts of the building still lack completion. It 
may be rightly said that this was a great enterprise for our con- 
gregation when our numbers were so depleted and our financial 
strength so weak. 

1 bear testimony to the affectionate kindness my people have 
ever shown me. In general every proposition I have made to 
them for temporal improvement or christian labor has had their 
approval. We have often been compelled to move slowly because 
of limited means, but in the end have carried out successfully 


every project upon which we have entered. 

Time will not permit ns to go over the full roll-call of be- 
loved brethren who have gone before us to glory. Death has 
been very busy, and wonderful changes in our population have 
taken place. Of the thirty-eight communicants who formed the 
church in 1805, five only are attending members. We have laid 
more in the churchyard than we meet on the Sabbath day. Oould 
we summon back again all those whom we have buried, a whole 
church could not seat them. 

From the eldership, we have lost the venerable James Con- 
leton, one of the best of men, at the age of ninety-one ; Daniel 
Haines for forty years an elder, our counsellor and guide ; Eras. 
tus Congleton, who gave promise of great usefulness, and was 
called away while still a young man ; also Levi Oongletcn, who 
returned to us from Sparta. 

Among those not elders, such good men as Lewis ('. iioe, 
Charles Wade, Thomas Schofield and Henry W. Conplin have 
passed away. There were others who did not become communi- 
cants, yet whose hopes and sympathies were always with us, and 
who were most useful in the congregation, such as Doctor William 
II. Linn, John II. Brown and Samuel A. Beardslee. Among 
christian women we have a noble record of those who loved their 
church and were ready for every good work. Of these we men- 
tion Mrs. Sarah Beardslee and Mrs. Lucilla Price. There was 
one, a member of another church, but ours in every other respect, 
a friend to the poor, and a helper in every benificent enterprise, 
Mrs. Lucy Lovell Brown. 

Think not that invidious distinctions arc made, if all who 
have been honored and useful are not mentioned in this connec- 
tion. We have their names on record, and their memories are 
cherished in our hearts. May God ever give our congregation 
more men and women such as they. 

Something of this church's history for the past twenty-three 
years has been given, but how much more might be said. There 
are many incidents precious to memory, yet so personal and in- 
dividual that they are hardly suited to a 'printed book. In the 
humblest efforts I have seen the happiest results in winning souls. 


Sometimes men have been won in a moment; at other times after 
repeated and persistent appeals. 

During the year 1887 we lost by dismissions twenty; by 
deaths four, and six became non-resident, so that the report of 
April, 1888, gave 137 as the membership upon the revised roll. 


Thomas Teasdale came from Yorkshire, England. He 
brought strong letters of recommendation to the Presbytery of 
New York to whom he applied for license to preach, but failing 
in the qualifications required his license was not given. He then 
became a Baptist and removed to Sussex. His house was in Ver- 
non, a little beyond McAfee, at the foot of the mountain. He 
preached in school houses and private dwellings, and organized a 
church in Pochnnk in 1708. This was afterwards merged into 
the Hamburg Baptist Church, which was formed in 1811. His 
church increased in numbers, but suffered by the disruption of 
1823, when an influential body withdrew and formed the Frank- 
lin Baptist Church. Mr. Teasdale was not always sound in doc- 
trine, yet a good man, sincere and earnest, and influential with 
many. He spoke a broad Yorkshire dialect, and was very sharp 
in denouncing sin and used cutting words in argument. He died 
in 1827, aged 75 yens, and was buried at Hamburg. 

Extract from letter written by T. Lawrence, Esq., to his 
grandson, James Ludlum, Jr. : 

" We could not expect in this retired situation to be gratified 
in every refinement, and altho' the person under whose charge 
Providence has placed us for our religious instruction is not pos- 
sessed of those superior attainments that many others are, yet we 
are fortunate in having one who from the purity of his heart, his 
perfect acquaintance with sacred writ, and the unexceptionable 
tenor of his conduct, is able to teach us our duty, and what he may 
be deficient in manner is made up to us in matter. I trust you 
will agree with me that I have done no more than justice in delin- 
eating to you the character of our worthy pastor, Mr. Teasdale."' 

He took pains to educate his sons who rose to prominent 


positions, and was succeeded by his son, John, who preached in 
Hamburg four years, and afterwards at Newton. 

For two years the church was supplied by Elders ('. Park 
and Elias Frost, of Franklin. 

William II. Spencer was a blacksmith in Pochunk at the 
time he professed conversion. He was called to this charge in 
1838, and remained for seven years and a half. He succeeded in 
bringing a great many into his church, and its membership was 
for a time the largest of any congregation in the county. 

Thomas Davis, who was born and educated in England, came 
for one year, 1846 ; and some time later supplied the pulpit on Sab- 
bath afternoons while he was pastor at Papakating. This excellent 
man, useful wherever he lived, died recently in Beverly, X. .1 
His son, Lt. (Lionel Ebenezer W. Davis, was Major of the loth 
Regiment 1ST. J. Yols. 

John Davis succeeded his brother Thomas in 1847, and was 
here for nearly three years, when he was followed by Mr. Hope. 

.1. M. Hope accomplished much for this church, and with 
some interruptions continued his ministrations for several years. 
It was mainly through his endeavers that the meeting house was 
rebuilt, and the parsonage and lot secured. His preaching was 
spiritual, and although fewer were brought into the church than 
under some others, it gained in substantial strength. 

David Silvek began his ministry here January 1st, 1865. He 
remained until 1870, when he accepted a charge near the Dela- 
ware River, in Xew York State, and afterwards another some 
miles from Princeton, X. J., where he died. While here his 
labors were successful, and one winter nearly one hundred per- 
sons united with his church. 

Charles Millington was twice called to be pastor. In the 
the interval between his two terms of service, Edward D. Shule 
was minister. IT. B. GnscARD has recently been supplying the 

The congregation sold their parsonage property in Upper 
Hamburg, and have built a more commodious house for their 
minister nearer their place of worship. 

The Franklin Baptist Church was organized December 


11th, 1823. Its corporate members were Lucretia Rorick, 
Michael Rorick, Noah Hammond, Catharine Hammond, Catha- 
rine Clay, Clarissa Sharp, Hannah Van Wart, Mary Hammond, 
Spencer Scott, and Fanny Rull. They assumed the title of " The 
First Particular Baptist Church of Hardy ston." Rev. Zelotes 
Grenell was Moderator at the constituting of the church, which 
lias had'some strong members, and was useful while it continued. 
Death made inroads among their numbers and so greatly 
reduced them, that the regular services ceased in December, 1853. 

The house of worship, erected in 1S3£, was leased for ten 
years to the Presbyterians of the North Hardyston congregation, 
by whom it was remodeled and put in substantial repair. It is 
now used by the Franklin Reformed congregation, which was 
organized in 1877, and of which Rev. Gilbert S. Gabretson is 

The Catholic Church of Franklin, Church or the Immacu- 
late Conception, was built in 1863, under the superintendence 
of Rev. Edward McCosker, who was its pastor until 1880. The 
house is substantially constructed of brick, thirty feet wide by 
seventy feet long. Rev. George A. Corrigan, brother of the 
Archbishop of New York, succeeded Mr. McCosker, and he was 
followed by Rev. J. H. Hill, who has recently been transferred 
to Rahway. The congregation possesses a handsome brick par- 
sonage, which is finely located. The charge was divided in 1881, 
when a congregation was organized at Ogdensburg, and the 
Church of St. Thomas of Aquin was built. 

the church of the good shepherd. 

The Protestant Episcopal Church of Hamburg was built in 
1872-73, upon a lot of land donated by the heirs of Robert 
A. Linn. The building is of blue lime stone, twenty-five by forty 
feet, with the chancel extending in the rear. The ceiling is pan- 
nelled with oiled wood, and a handsome memorial window to the 
memory of Miss Kittie Lawrence, is placed in the chancel. A 
large, sweet-toned bell occupies the belfry. 

Rev. IT. P. Stuart Martin, who was born in India, was the first 


missionary pastor. He was succeeded in 1878 by Rev. Levi 

The church was consecrated in 1880, by Bishop Starkey, of 
Northern New Jersey, and Bishop Quintard, of Tennessee. 
Rev. Joseph H. Smith, formeivry of St. Paul's Church, Newark, 
is the Rector. His ministry began in 1882. He officiates also at 
St. Thomas Church, in Vernon. 

A handsome legacy has been left to the church for the pur- 
chase of a memorial organ. 

The Snufftown M. E. Church was built sixty years ago. 
Manuel Force was then Presiding Elder, and Shaw and Dandy 
were preachers upon the circuit. Ketcham, the carpenter, came 
from "Warwick. Stated preaching has been maintained there 
ever since its erection. It has been blessed with many seasons of 
revival in which the hardy dwellers on the mountain have been 
gathered into its fold. 



Edward Allen, from June, 1810, to December, 1820. 
Bun- Baldwin, from July, 1821, to May, 1824. 
Nathaniel Conkling, from June, 1S24, to June, 1828. 
Elias Kiggs FairchiJd, from September, 1829, to May, 1838. 
Joel Campbell, from May, 1838, to October, 1856. 
David C. Meeker, from April, 1857, to August, 1859. 
Goodloe Bowman Bell, from October, 1859, to Oct., 18G4. 
Alanson Austin Haines, from July, 1805, to present time. 


John Linn, May, 1819, died 1821. 

George Buckley, May, 1819, dismissed 1837. 

Thomas Beardslee, Dec, 1821, dismissed 1831. 

James Congleton, Dec, 1821, died 1871. 

Samuel Turtle, Ma}*, 1S23, died 1861. 

Daniel Edwards, April, 1824, dismissed 1825. 

Jacob Kimble, June, 1827, died 1803. 

Andrew Linn, June, 1827, dismissed 1848. 

Daniel Haines, July, 1837, died 1877. 

Elias L'Hommedieu, July, 1837, dismissed 1845. 

Simon W. Buckley, April, 1848, dismissed. 

Joshua Predmore, April, 1848, dismissed. 

Samuel O. Price, February, 1866. 

Levi Congleton, February, 1866, dismissed 1879. 


John L. lirown, February, 1868, dismissed 1881. 

John E. Congleton, October, 1876, died 1879. 

William E. Skinner, Oct., 1870, dismissed 1878. 
;; " Charles II. Linn, April, 1878. 
* W. Hooker Ingersoll, April, 1878. 

* Now in office. 


sote. — Those uniting upon certificate are marked thus "C. " 

181 9. ,1 ohn Linn C, Martha Linn C, Elizabeth Linn C, Marga- 
ret Simmons C, Kitty PerigoC, Widow Parkhurst C, Widow Mary 
Buckley C, Gabriel Payne C, Richard Whitaker C, Elizabeth Whit- 
aker C, Sarah Van DuzenC, Seth Byram C, Sarah Byram C, Daniel 

B. Wilcox C, Cornelius Demarest C, Mary Demarest C, Peter 
Demorest ( \ Jane Demarest C, Catherine Nesbit C, Peter Shirts C, 
Jane Shirts C, Jane McDaniels C, Thomas Beardslee C, Rachel 
Beardslee C, Melinda Beardslee ( , ffunice Munson C, Catherine 
Gunderman C, Margaret Knoff C, -Widow Anna Hammond C, 
Hannah Carpenter 0, Elizabeth Beardslee C, Hannah Fairchild 

C, Sarah Linn C, George Buckley C, Margaret Buckley C, Elsey 
Buckley ( ', Peter Simmons ( !, Isaac Stirr ( \ Mary Stirr C, Eliza- 
beth Demarest C, Joseph Perigo ( J, Nancy ( uirdiner C, Sarah 
Harding C, Abigail Barton C, Sarah Barton C, Widow Abigail 
Wade C, Mrs. Peter AVhitaker C, Daniel Edwards (', Widow 
Mary Adams ( ', Sarah I )emarest ( '. Widow Mary McDaniels C, 
Martha Barr C. 

The above 52 were received by certificate from the First 
church of Hardyston and organized as the North Church of llar- 
dyston, May 15th, 1819. 

Abigail Losey, James Gardiner, Mary Gardiner, Ruhama 
Wade, Ann Beardslee, Jacob Kimble, Bethia Kimble, Andrew 
Johnson, James Congleton, Catherine Struble, Martha Demarest, 
John Crawford, Thomas Gardiner, Coonrod AVatson, Elizabeth 
AVatson, Abigail Ellison, Julia Carpenter, Mary (Givens) Brasted, 
Pamelia Barton, Peter Taylor, Hannah Taylor^ Mary Case, Panie- 
lia Howell, Lydia Crawford, Samuel Tuttle", Peter Demarest, Erne 

1820. Horace Ford, Ebenezer Tuttle, Ann Gardiner, Rhoda 
Crawford, Hannah Beardslee, Lydia Tuttle, Abraham Johnson, 
Hannah Ackerman, Elizabeth Congleton, AVillard Fletcher, Abi- 


gail Johnson C, Aaron Ackerson, Sophia Hopkins. 

1822. Jane Jones C, Sarah Simpson C, Eliza Fowler C, 
Mary Edsall C, John Hubbard C, Elizabeth Sharp C, Lucy In- 
glis, llhoda Kay, William A. Thompson. 

1823. Conrad Tinker C, Annie Tinker C. 

1824. Andrew Linn, James Johnson, John Payne, Rebecca 
Hardin, Emily II. Conkling, Mary Ann Linn, Snsan Losey, Eliza- 
beth McDaniels, Ayres Ackerson, Betsey By ram. 

1825. Samuel Payne, Annie Newman, Catherine Dema- 

rest, Ann Eliza Simmons, Jane , Rebecca Fowler, 

Sarah AVidner. 

1826. Cornelia L'Hommedieu C, Margaret Lane C, Rose 

1827. Garret Van Blareom, Mary Van Blarcom, Elizabeth 
Sutton, Sarah Case, Jemima Predmore, Joshua Predmore, Mich- 
ael P. Sutton, Henry Johnson, Mark Buckley, John Nixon, Abra- 
ham Ray, Sarah A. Buckley, Anna Crawford, Mary Buckley, 
Anna Predmore, Sally Ann Predmore, Ann Forester, Elizabeth 
AVolverton, Mary Haines ( ', Joseph ( Cole, Nancy Cole, Margaret 
McClellan, Sibella Linn, Eleanor Ketehem, Jane ( Vawford, Rachel 
Armstrong, Martha McCoy. 

1829. Mary Whitaker, Sarah Degraw, Delilah Sloat, Jane 
Congleton, Addie Tice, Clarissa Newman. 

1830. Maria Price C, Elizabeth Bunting C, Maria Price, 
Phebe Ann Wilson, Martha Demarest, " :f Henrietta Linn, Isaac 
IVardsley, Elizabeth Marccll C. 

1831. Catherine Drain, Emeline D. Stoll, Mary (). Darrah 
C, Aaron Woodruff C, Phebe AVoodruft' C, Elias L. Hommedieu, 
Robert Haines, Dorothy Stoll, Catherine Shiner, John Newman, 
Joel Buckley, Robert Buckley, ( 'atherine Stoll, Mary Yetman, 
""Maria Schoh'eld, Susan Beardslee, -Catherine Beardslee, Jane 
Buckley, Charlotte H. Tuttle, Mary Jane AVade, Lydia Kimble, 
Sarah Beardslee, Henry T. Darrah, AVilliam C. Predmore, Philip 
Losey, Elias Potter, Huldah S. Beardslee, Amy Tuttle, Ann Pred- 
more, Martha A. AVolverton, Jonathan Sutton, Phebe A. Max- 
well, Justice Beardslee, Elizabeth Darrah, Eliza A. Hopkins, 
Mahala Lose}-, Julia A. AVhitaker, Alanson Predmore, Delilah 
Predmore, Edwin Luckley, Thomas Brasted, William Darrah, 
Daniel Haines, Ann M. Haines, Diadamia Haines, John C. Bunt- 
ing, Elizabeth A. Sheppard, Ephraim Potter, Calvin Meade, Levi 
Congleton, Martha AVarbass, Mary Gibson, Henry AV. Ogden, 
Robert Price, Charlotte Hopkins, Elizabeth Gunderman, Susan 
Beardslee, Peter Gunderman, Martha M. AVarbass C, Mary Steph- 
ens C. 


Note. — Those marked * are members at the present time. 

1832. Fhebe Potter, Lewis C. Roe C, Terressa Roe C, 
Aim R. Stoll, Sarah Potter, Enos Goble C, Rebecca Goble C, 
Eliza Van Blarcom, Mary Gunderman, Sarah Byram, Sarah Ed- 
sall, Julia Denton, Mary Monnell, Catherine (DeKay) McMurray, 
Phebe Harden, Elizabeth Vandegriff, Moses Strong, John Pred- 
more, John Dunning, David Byram, James T. Newman, William 
Van Blarcom, David Dunn, Jacob Gimderman, Catherine Knofr, 
Drucilla Predmore, Daniel Gimderman, Jacob C. Maxwell, Joseph 
P. Fraser, Abraham Stoll, James Byram, William Gimderman, 
John Poller, Mahala Polley, Araminta (Polley) Doland, William 
Beardslee, Benjamin Valentine, Rebecca Turner, Catharine A. 
(Sutton) Van Blarcom, Simon Wade Buckley, Samuel Schofield 
Beardslee, William Gimderman, Jacob KnofT, Jane Skellinger, 
Sarah Hopkins, Mary Valentine, Rachel DeKay, Sarah Vande- 
griff, Elizabeth Myers, Susan Van Blarcom, Ann Freeman, Susan 
.Kimble, Matthias C. Lane, Margaret Buckley, Daniel Lane, Susan 
(Freeman) Vanatta, Mary Tiebout, Sarah Bay, Frances Worten- 
dyke, James Hutchinson, Mary Tiebout, Araminta Douglas, 
Matilda Fairchild C, Matthias II. Ogden C, Jerusha Ogden C, 
Sarah Shorter C, Jacob Myers (', Esther Dunning ( '. 

1833. Samuel Stage, Lucetta Stage, Mary Hopkins, Eliza 
Ilurd, Charles W. Buckley. 

1831. Samuel Knox, Alfred Buckley, Janetta Knox, (Cathe- 
rine Yetman, Mary Beardslee, Nancy Knox, Richard Whitaker 
Jr., Sidnej' P. Haines, Robert A. Linn, Jr., Anna Brodrick, Sam- 
uel Mnnson, "Samuel O. Price, Eliza Losey, Elizabeth Munson, 
Elizabeth Newman, Nancy Little, diaries Wade, Peter Van 
Home, Sarah L'Hommedieu, Maria Bungay, Mary Rosencrantz, 
John Darrah C, Agnes Darrah C, Thomas Tiebout, Stephen 
Staats Tiebout, Harry Tiebout. Paris Douglas, Jane (Knox) Ston- 

1839. Aaron Houston, Elijah Martin. Lewis Gunderman, 
David F. Stoll, Sarah D. Stoll, Phebe J. Byram, Emily (Polley) 
Luckey, Bertha Tuttle, Charlotte (Kimble) Smith, Mary Todd, 
Julia E. Edsall, Ann Congleton, Mary L. Shiner, Halsey L. Beem- 
er, Joseph Congleton, AVilliam Jackson C, Mrs. Jackson C. 

1839. Rebecca Campbell C, Horace Taylor C, Catherine 
Lewis C, Elizabeth Hamilton C, Ann Anderson. 

1840. Simeon Hand, Jane Westfall C, Phebe Kinner C, 
Julia Ann Cassady C, Alanson Predmore C, Mrs. Predmore C, 
Elizabeth Decker C, Phebe E. Martin. 

1841. Brice P. Edsall C, James B. Case, Ruth Woodruff, 
Elizabeth Case, Joseph Linn, Ilnldah Beardslee C. 


1542. Elizabeth Smith C, Phebe Lewis C, Abigail Dema- 
rest, Elias Freeman 0, Clarissa Perrj C, Hiram Predmore, Sarah 
Skellinger, Phebe Mackerly, Phebe Ann Sutton, Ellen Ludlum, 
Hannah E. (Sutton) Ayres, Mary A. Van Blarcom, Margaret Mc- 
Donalds, Mary Woodruff, Reuben R. Sutton, Mary (L'Homme- 
dieu) Moore, Lucy Ann (Sutton) Sibbit, Ralph Push, Jacob L, 
Bedell, Joseph F. M. Sutton. - Alanson A. Haines, Abraham Stoll. 
Abby Tuttle, John ( louplin ( !, Isabella Couplin C, "Hiram Aber, 
Frances E. (Neely) Byram, Phebe E. (Moore) Edsall, William 
Lane, Belinda Bay, Nancy Munson, Theodocia Munson, Caroline 
Rosencrantz, William L'Hommedieu, Jane Decker ( '. 

1843. Phebe Woodruff, Martha Demarest C, Eliza Ann 

1840. Sarah (Byram) ( ase. 

1847. Joseph McDaniels. 

1848. Catharine J. Sutton, George Case, Daniel P. Wood- 
ruff C. 

1849. Sarah D. (Haines) Guyot, Eleazer Cassady, Marga- 
ret Knox, Amanda (Campbell) Kimble, "Ann (Siinonson) Ed- 

1850. Hannah Hopkins, Sarah Woodruff, Sarah Maria 
('ase, Catharine (Hopkins) Hunt, Matilda Kimble, Mary Kimble, 
Mary Sutton, Retina Hopkins, Phebe (Hopkins) Woodruff, Lucy 
E. (Wilson) Vaughn, Louisa J. Ray, Rebecca Smith, Talmage 
Woodruff, Jacob R. Lyon, Elias F. Sutton. 

1851. Matilda (McManoman) (longer, Matilda (JBrasted) 
Simmons, Lucetta (Roe) Congleton, Julia Woodruff ( '. 

1853. William Roy ( /Mrs. Roy C. 

1S55. Matilda F. Sutton, Rachel McDaniels C. 

1858. Levi L- Hoffman, -John P. Wilson, George O. Wil- 
son, Anna M. (Wilson) Van Blarcom, Catharine K. (Beardslee) 
Lewis, Annie A. (Austin) Hell, Mary F. (Day) Davenport, Har- 
riet E. (Smith) Everman, Sarah (Cassady) Howell, Charlotte 
Congleton, Nancy (Scott) Benjamin, Amy Buckley C. "Amelia 
M. (Dunning) Linn C, Philanda D. (Roe) Wickham, Keturah 
Roe, Alexander II. Roe, Nancy A. Meeker C. 

1859. John A. Congleton C, Theresa Agustine Austin C, 
Sarah C. Fowler C, Ann M. (Haines) Tucker. 

1860. Phebe Congleton, Mary (Potter) Dennis, Eliza Ann 
(Van Syckle) Stoll, Dorcas C. Potter, Lucy Potter, Sarah Cornelia 
Brasted, Amelia Perry, John Rutan C, Anna P. Rutan C, Abby 
Jane (Wade) Mains, John Lovell Brown. 

1862. Thomas Schofield, Mary E. Schofield, Catherine Rosc- 
velt, Lauretta Amelia Howell. 


1863. Mary Ann Heardslee. 

1865. Barret Havens Titsworth. 

1800. John Erastus Congleton, *Anna Mary (Hiles) Con- 
gleton, *Merinda Shepherd, Lucilla (Kimble) Price. 

1807. James Mantania, "Sarah C. Ingersoll C, Almeda 
Predmore (', George Porter, '"'( "larinda Fowler C, Elias Frost, 
John Miller Longcore, David Fredenburg Longcore, Fowler Kim- 

1868. Benjamin If. Kays, Henry Winters, "Martha Elizabeth 
(Longcore) Lantz, Margaret (Edge) Longcore, "Charles Witworth 
Lewis, *Alfred Wyckoff Johnson, Mary Ann Kimble, John M. 
Minion C. 

18G9. Elizabeth Ann Minion. 

1868. Georgianna Lucy (Sutton) Tibbetts, Jennie E. Stoll. 

1869. * Joseph Johnson, Ruth Hughes Kimble, William Ers- 
kine Skinner ( 1, Mary L. (Ryerson) Skinner C, William T. Cogg- 
shall C, Julia W. (Ingergsoll) Coggshall C, Sarah Elizabeth 
(Minion) Allen, * Annie (Ogden) Beardslee ( '. 

1870. Susan Copeland (Ingersoll) Brown, "Susan (Hop- 
kins) Kimble, Amzie Roe, ^Charles Roe. 

1871. Henry Wintield Couplin C, Alonzo James Williams, 
*James Woods, Hannah (Edsall) Lawrence, "Elizabeth (McMan- 
ns) Woods, *Letta (Force) Dennis, William Radley, Mary Rad- 
ley, Joseph C. Piatt Jr. C, Kate J. Platte C, Ruth Simpson, 
Jacob Kimble, Margaret (Sharp) Kimble, Isabella ('oats, Alice 
Ann Kemble, Sarah Victoria Poland, "Mary Catherine (Poland) 
Simpson, Robert Morgan, Anna Morgan, "Matthias Shepherd, 
*Worthington Hooker Ingersoll, *Sarah Boswell (Ingersoll) Law- 
rence, Emeline (Longcore) Pellett, John Wesley Black, "William 
Henry Spangenburg, "Margaret McManus, Sarah Amanda Pig- 
gery, ""James PeWitt ( J, Nancy DeWitt, Emma Sykes, Sarah 
Dickinson, Albert A. Northwood C, "Mary (Townsend) Haines 
C, "Abigail Green , Amanda Ellen Snook, x\sa B. Peloubet C, 
John Kerr C, Helen Kerr C, Mary Jane (Stonaback) Montross, 
George Martin, Annie Martin, Helen Elizabeth 01 man, Lisa C. 
Anderson, Frederick William Kehren. 

1872. Seymour Lawrence, Elizabeth Pollock Prentice C, 
Andrew Shorter C, Margaret Shorter 0. *Franeis Henry Tucker. 

1873. Caroline Seward Kehren, Harriet Iona Williams, 
:f Elizabeth Kirkwood (Skinner) Linn, * Julia (Vibbert) Linn C, 
"Charles H. Linn C, John Edgar C, Jeannette K. Edgar C, 
Tliomas Warren Pellet. 

1874. *Laura (Woods) Havens, James Prentice, William 
Simpson Chardavoyne, Robert H. Howell, Emerson Bennett Pot- 


ter, Julia (Simpson) Chardavoyne. 

1ST5 *Lizzie (Bishop) Stevens, "Elizabeth Ann (Case) 
Kays, *Daniel Stewart McPeek, ••Margaret E. (Cary) McPeek, 
Isabel Shorter. 

1876. Elizabeth C. (Ingersoll) Gill C, Ilila G Brown C, 
Darius M. Brown, Frederick Goodell, "Caroline Bishop, Kate 
Barber, Marcus Barnes Duvall C, Laura Lovell (Brown) Lawrence, 
George Ryerson Skinner. 

1877. Sarah G (Munson) Bird ( ', Sarah Jane Ward, Susan 
Yansyckle, Albert Stoll, Eva Couse C, Susie Maria Gill, Cecil 
Dunscombe Peloubet, Elizabeth (Lewis) Shorter C, John Robert 
Spittle, Julia Spittle, Estin Peloubet, James Shorter, "Sarah Jane 

1868. -Sarah Elizabeth (Perry) Bross. 

L879. John Beemer Shorter, John Munson, Jr., Wilbur 
Lazier Paddock, "-"Nathan Paddock, Benjamin Decker Potter, 
-Susan Dymock, Ellen Eliza Young. 

1880. Burtis C. Megie, Jr., Daniel Hopkins Kimble. 

1881. -Maria (Osborn) Scott, 

18S2. Mary Jane (Washer) Wilson, Carrie Teressa Wick- 
ham, Mary Lucetta Wickham, Mary Ann Cantield, Jeremiah 
Canfield, "'Benjamin Scott, "'Emma L. (Stoll) Price, "Alta Woods, 
Josephine Woods, "Experience Elizabeth (Woods) Hamilton, 
"Mary Dunning Linn, "Ella A. (Congleton) Doland, ""'Mary Eliz- 
abeth'' (Smith ("Shorter C, "Richard YanDerhoof C, "Mary F. 
YanDerhoof C, """Stephen Boy Fitz Randolph C, "Alary Emma 
(Baxter) Fitz Randolph, Sarah Elizabeth Ward. 

1883. S. Alice Simpson, Elizabeth Teel C, Irene Ward, 
Charlotte Johnson, -Julia Johnson, "Bethia Alward, John 
Mabee, Carrie Westbrook (Roc) Mabee, Arminda F. Lewis, 
"Francis C. Sheldon C, Gabriel Ludlum Dunning C, Martha 
(Haines) Ilendershot. 

1884. Sarah Jane Lanterman C, "ilattie (Baker) Ingersoll, 
Daniel L. Ogden C, *David Doland, "Marvin Clement Potter, 
^Cecelia Ella Potter, Cora Ogden, Cora Ogden Beardslec, "Lucy 
Electa Walling, Alida Ellen (YanDerhoof) Ogden, "James W. 

1885. Mary Ann (Morgan) Talmage, Amelia Clara (Roe) 
Wickham, "Sarah Ella (Congleton) Fredenburg, "Martin Mabee 
Fredenburg, *Frank Smith Lanterman, Fred Irving Congleton, 
"Emma Elizabeth Bird, *Sarah Elizabeth Ryerson, """George 
Washington Ryerson, Jehiel T. Lanterman, -Ephraim Martin 
Kimble, "Levi Coursen Pollison, "John Bishop, Henry Ogden 
Beardslee, Norman Nanny Johnson, '-Esther Osborn, -'Emma 


Jane Dymock, *Erama Grace VanDenhoof, *Ella Drew, *Emily 
Louisa (Monks) Corner, *Edward DeKay Totten, *Plurania Tot- 
ten *Mary Jeanetta (Haight) Latta, *Abby Delia (Haight) Booth, 
^Theodore Talma^e, *Moses Piggery, *Mary Irene (Blair) Mor- 
gan, William L. Finnegan, Laura Ellen (Morgan) Talmage, "Wil- 
liam Pollison Blair, *James G. Irvin 0, "Sarah C. Irvin C, *Min- 
nie May Irvin C, Aaron Mead C, Jennie Burwell Meade C, *Na- 
thaniel E. Seely C, "Michael Sutton Bedell C, *Susan M. Bedell 
C, * Angelina M. (Bedell) Simonson C, "Mary Case, *Hattie Ann 
(Hopkins) Wheden, *Lucilla Price Kimble, ^Martha Florence 
Lantz, "William Marshall Lantz, ^Charlotte A. Kimble C, *Saron 
Leport Wilson, *Anna Mary (McPeek) Wilson, ""Cornelia (Simp- 
son) Stonaback, "George Washington Smith, Gilbert B. Winters, 
*Malvina Delia Potter, *Etta Delilah Scott. 

18S6. Emma Louisa Dingle, *John Ryerson Walling, 
*Charles Elmer Martin, "Henry Divers Bond, *Annetta Bond, 
*Charles McClellan Paddock, * Israel Davenport Chardevoyne, 
* Joseph Everett Bond, Nathaniel Drake Martin, John Wesley 
Monks, *William D. Beemer C, *Mary Alice Beemer C,*Ilannah 
M. Piggery C, ^Harriet W infield C, * Joanna (Chardavoyne) Read 
C, *Matilda (Read) Simonson, *Sarah Jane (Smith) Chardavoyne, 
*Barret Havens Chardavoyne, ""Sarah Alice Alward, * Abraham 
Winfield, Almeda (Edsall) Winfield, *Anna Estelle Chardavoyne, 
*Hattie Sutton Chardavoyne. 

1887. *Horatio Seymour Potter, *John N. Decker C, *Mary 
R. Decker C. 

1888. *John C. Chandler C, *Lucy C. Chandler C, * Annie 
(McPeek) Woods, *Thomas R. Simpson C, Mary Alice Terhune.