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George Leib Harrison, LL.D., 1811-1885. 

From the paintin;^ in possession of 

Mrs. George Leib Harrison. 

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Copyright, 1910, by William Welsh Harrison 

1 85590 

Edward Stern & Co, Inc. 
Pbiudelpuia New Yorb 

One Jmndred copies of this book have been printed 

oti IV/iatman's hand-fjiade paper 

and one on velhmi 

This is member 



Mrs. George Leib Harrison, nee Sarah Ann Waples, 1816-1850. 
From miniature in possession of William Welsh Harrison. 


THIS volume contains all that has been 
found of the ancestry of my parents, 
George Leib Harrison and Sarah Ann Waples. 
No attempt has been made to prepare a record 
of descendants or of collateral lines. My object 
has been to preserve the data collected some 
years since, and to present it to members of 
the family in a convenient form. 

The researches in this country and abroad 
were made by William M. Mervine, a member 
of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

William Welsh Harrison. 

Philadelphia, June 1, 1910. 

H 'J -' 


Harrison of Greystock, England 1 

Harrison of Thurstonfield, England 4 

Harrison of Philadelphia 9 

Leib of Philadelphia 53 

Richards of Merion, Pennsylvania 59 

Jones of Plymouth, Pennsylvania 62 

Benson of Holm Cultram, England 64 

Gill of Greysouthen, England 66 

Waples of Sussex on Delaware 67 

Riley of Philadelphia 82 

Burton of Sussex on Delaware 84 

Trendall of Northampton County, Virginia 87 

Custis of "Arlington" and "Wilsonia," Virginia 88 

Custis of Deep Creek, Virginia 100 

Wise of Accomac County, Virginia 109 

Robinson of Deep Creek, Virginia 112 

West of Accomac County, Virginia 114 

Scarburgh of London and Virginia 117 

Whittington of Northampton County, Virginia 123 

Smart of Virginia 126 

Michael of Holland and Virginia 128 

Thorogood of England and Virginia 130 

Ofiley of Staffordshire and London 135 

O-fiorne of Kent and London 139 

Hcwett of Yorkshire and London 143 

I-t'vcson of StalTordshire 146 

B<«Jicy of Devonshire 149 

Frcstwfxxl of Staffordshire 151 

Dc Ru^hall of Staffordshire 152 

Index to Names 153 

Index to Places and Subjects 170 


George Leib Harrison, LL.D., 1S11-1SS5. From the [laiiuing in posses- 
sion of Mrs. George Leib Harrison Frontispiece 

Mrs. George Leib Harrison, nee Sarah Ann Waplcs, 1816-1850. From mini- 
ature in possession of William Welsh Harrison Opposite Foreword 


Arms of Harrison of Gre>stoke 1 

Gre) stoke Castle, Cumberland County, England 2 

Tluirstonfield, Cumberland County, England ^ 4 

Moorhouse Friends' Meeting House 6 

Farm House, Harrison Estate, Thurstonfield, Cumberland. Front view .... 8 

Same, another front view 10 

Same, rear view 10 

The Old Court House and Friends' Meeting, Second and High Streets, 

Philadelphia 12 

Title-page of The Constitution of the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting 

the Abolition of Slavery. With list of officers 12 

John Harrison of Philadelphia, 1773-1833. From the painting in possession 

of Provost Charles Custis Harrison 14 

Lydia Leib Harrison, 1777-1861. F"rom photograph in possession of Mrs. 

Robert A. Semple, Philadelphia 16 

"Priestley Lodge," residence of John Harrison, Frankford Road, Philadel- 
phia. From photograph in The Historical Society of Pennsylvania. ... 18 
The John Harrison Laboratory of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania. . . 20 
Thomas Harrison, 1805-1900. From photograph owned by Mrs. George 

Leib Harrison 22 

Michael Leib Harrison, 1807-1881. From photograph owned by Thomas 

Skelton Harrison 24 

Benjamin P. Hunt, 1808-1877. From photograph owned by Mrs. Robert 

A. Semple 26 

Mrs. Benjamin P. Hunt, nee Adelaide Louisa Harrison, 1814-1882. From 

photograph owned by Mrs. Robert A. Semple 26 

Arms used by George Leib Harrison of Philadelphia 28 

Residence of George Leib Harrison (1843-1850), 927 Pine Street.Philadelphia, 30 

"Glenwood," School House Lane, Germantown, Philadelphia 32 

Mrs. George Leib Harrison, nee Letitia Henry Mitchell. From photograph 

owned by William West Frazier 34 

The Franklin Sugar Refinery, destroyed by fire, 1882 36 

Plant of the Franklin Sugar Refining Company, as rebuilt after the fire of 

1882 36 

The George Leib Harrison Memorial House of the Episcopal Hospital, 

Philadelphia 38 

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"7 .:ii;. f!; !•;=■ r^i. n.-.lruAl dio-t o-'io-j;;) .ail/: 

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Mrs. William West Fiazier nee Harriet Morgan Harrison 4(1 

Ciiarles Custis Harrison, LL.D., Provost of the University of Pennsylvania. 

From portrait b>- Julian Story 42 

The Academy — University of Pennsylvania (1751-1802) 44 

The University of Pennsylvania, Ninth Street, between Market and Chestnut 

Streets, Philadelphia 46 

University of Pennsylvania. Location of Buildings. 191U 48 

Alfred Craven Harrison 50 

William Welsh Harrison, LL.D 52 

Mitchell Harrison ^ 54 

Dr. Michael Leib, 1760-1822. From portrait in possession of Provost 

Charles Custis Harrison 56 

Dr. Michael Leib, 1760-1822. From silhouette owned by Provost Charles 

Custis Harrison 58 

Thomas Jefferson, President of the United States. From the silhouette he 

presented to Dr. Michael Leib, now in possession of Provost Charles 

Custis Harrison 60 

Judge John Lewis Leib of Detroit. From painting in possession of Harrison 

Leib of Middletown, Ohio 62 

Commander Thomas Jefferson Leib, U. S. X., 1803-1851. Son of Judge 

John Lewis Leib of Detroit. From miniature in possession of his 

granddaughter, Mrs. Robert A. Semple 64 

Mrs. Thomas Jefferson Leib, nee Caroline Matilda Harrison, 1803-1893. 

From photograph owned by Mrs. Robert A. Semple 66 

German Prayer Book used by the Leib family. Printed in 1597. In 

possession of Mrs. Robert A. Semple 68 

William Welsh Harrison, Jr., and Geraldine Harrison. Children of William 

Welsh Harrison '^Q^ 

Old Ferry Landing on the Indian River, Sussex County, Delaware 72 

Landing at "Warwick," Indian River, Sussex County, Delaware 74 

"Warwick." House and Landing, Indian River, Sussex County, Delaware, 76 
Walnut Street Prison, Philadelphia. Where Colonel Samuel Waples was 

imprisoned by the British. From painting in The Historical Society of 

Pennsylvania 78 

Nathaniel Waples, 1795-1852. From painting in possession of Provost 

Charles Custis Harrison 80 

Mrs. Nathaniel Waples, nee Lydia Leib Riley, and her daughter, Sarah 

Ann Waples (later Harrison). Painting in possession of Provost Charles 

Custis Harrison 82 

Chart of Ancestry 84 

Cockermouth, England 86 

Arms of the Cliffe and Custis Families 88 

Colonel John Custis, "^tat 48, 1725." From painting owned by Mrs. 

Philip Tabbs Yeatman of Alexandria, Virginia 90 

1 •—L.iif 



Daniel Parke distil, 1711-1757. From portrait in Washington and Lee 

Universit}', Lexington, \'irginia 92 

Martha Dandridge, 1732-1S02. ^Larried first, 1749, Daniel Parke Custis; 
second, 1759, George Washington. From painting in Washington and 

Lee University, Lexington, \"irginia 9-i 

Mrs. Robert E. Lee, nee Mary .Anne Randolph Custis, 180S-1S73. Daughter 
of George Washington Parke Custis and Mary Lee Fitzhugh. From 

painting in Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia 96 

Mrs. LawTence Lewis, nee Eleanor Parke Custis. "Nelly Custis." From 

painting in Washington and I^e University, Lexington, Virginia 98 

"Grey Towers," Cheltenham Township, Montgomery County, Penn- 
sylvania 100 

"Grey Towers" 102 

"Grey Towers" 104 

"Grey Towers" 106 

" Grey Towers " 108 

"Grey Towers" 110 

"Grey Towers;" the Stables 112 

Pewter Plates of Thomas Harrison, 1741-1815, marked T. & S. H. Silver 
Sugar Bowl marked L. L. (Lydia Leib Harrison). Owned by Mrs. 

Robert A. Semple, Philadelphia 114 

Sir Charles Scarborough, ^LD 116 

"Priestley Lodge," residence of John Harrison, Frankford Road, Phila- 
delphia 118 

Pair of Silver and Cut Glass Candelabra of John Harrison, 1773-1833. 

Owned by Mrs. Robert A. Semple 120 

Coffee Urn and Candlesticks of John Harrison, 1773-1833. Property of 

Mrs. Robert A. Semple 122 

Carlisle Castle, Cumberland County, England 124 

Carlisle Cathedral 126 

-The Lake, near Thurstonfield, Cumberland County, England 128 

Arms of Thorogood of Chelston Temple 130 

Rose Castle, Carlisle, England 132 

Arms of Oftley of London 134 

The Stordy House, Moorhouse, Cumberland County, England 136 

Arms of Osborne of London 138 

Carlisle, England. From Rickerby Park 140 

Arms of Hewett of London 142 

Arms of Leveson of Willenhail 144 

Arms of Leveson of Wolverhampton 146 

Arms of Leveson of London 146 

Bodley Coat of Arms 148 

Arms of Prestwood of Prestwood 150 

Arms of De Rushall 152 

Arms of Harrison of Greystoke. 


J') ti rri 5.1 un at 6 nni t*if a 1} f. 

I K 


Arms; Or, on a f esse sable, three eagles displayed of the first. 
Crest; Or, on a chapeau gules turned ermine, an eagle's head erased or, 
charged with a crescent sable. 

HERRY OTHEAD, gentleman of Greystock, Cumberland 
County, England, died the first day of March, 1374, and was buried 
in Greystock Church. Of him the following appears in the Stowe 
Manuscripts, British Museum:^ 

"The Lord Wm Gray stoke who dyed in the yeare of our Lord 
God, 1359 Wch Lord Wm builded Graystock Castell & at the same 
Tyme for inlarging of his Park here, he made Exchainge of Land 
wth Sr Gyles of Orton & with Henr>^ 0th hcde Gent by reason whereof 
he Joyned ye old Park of Gilcallon & Graystock Parke together, as 
they are this day, to Sr Gyles of Orton he gave for his Lands Called 
the Skeall Towne, »& then distroyed with the Skot in King Edward ^ 
2 tyme: Lands in Stainton pie to be payd yerly forth of duston. 
To Henry 0th hede for his Lands wch now is Called the Hedwood 
Som ground, Grevis Leisse wth others he gave a patent of Gilcallon 
(in Compasse as it is at this day,) to him & to his heres for Ever, 
paying yerly for the same to the sayd Lord Wrn & to his heres xxM 
Herr}' 0th had afore sayd being possessed of his patent, bilt a little 
stone hall here & dyed ye Last day of March 1374 & bur>'ed in 
Graystock Church." 

ADAM OTHEAD, of Greystock, "otherwise called x^dam 
I Her>-son," son of Herry Othead as above, "dyed ye 6 of May 1391 

& is bur>-ed in Graystock Church. He had issue, Thomas, who 

} "THOMAS HERYSON who dyed at Gilcallon afore sayd 

i the 10 of August 1430, bur>-ed in Graystock Church. Thomas 

I Afore sayd had yssue: 

I ■ Stowe MSS. Xo. 624, folio 91b. Harleian MSS. 1476, folio 96b. 

• King Edward II, 1307-1327. 

1 [ 1 ] 


T. :><■> ,^0 ;.;u 

"WILLIAM HERESON who dyed 1475 and is bun-ed in 
Graystock Church Accordingly. Wilhani Aforcsayd had yssew:" 

JOHN HERYSON, died July 19, 1505, and was buried in 
Greystock Church. He had issue, John, Thomas and Wilham. 
To William "being the yongest son his father gave the Pattent of 
Gilcallon 1508, about wch tyme, the Lord Sr Thomas Dacre (by 
reason of the marrig of ye Lady of Graystock) entred & had Pos- 
session of Graystock Castell »& of all the Lord of Graystocks Lands." 

"Grej'stoke Castle, the seat of Henr>- Howard, Esq., is distant 
from Penrith about live miles. Greystoke, immediately after the 
Conquest, became the seat of a feudal barony. Lyulph, the first 
Baron, acquired the same by gift of Randulph de JMeschines, first 
Earl of Cumberland, both parties having probably come over with 
the Conqueror, and been companions in arms at Hastings. Grey- 
stoke was carried in marriage by Elizabeth de Greystoke, to the 
Dacres of Gilsland. George, the last Lord Dacre, was killed by an 
accident in 1659. His elder sister, Ann, carried Greystoke in 
marriage to Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel, from whom it de- 
scended to the princely house of Norfolk. Charles, the fourteenth 
Duke of Norfolk, bequeathed the Barony and Castle of Greystoke, 
and his estates in Cumberland and Westmoreland, to Henry Howard, 
Esq., the present owner. 

"The Castle, which has been much improved by its present 
owner, stands at the southeast end of the park, which contains 6,000 
acres of land, enclosed by a wall nine feet in height. A Manor 
House was doubtless erected at Greystoke soon after the Conquest, 
a licence to castellate which was obtained in 1353, from Edward 
III, by William de Greystoke. During the war of Charles I and 
his Parliament, Greystoke Castle was garrisoned for the King, but 
laid siege to and taken in June, 1648, by a detachment of General 
Lambert's army, commanded by a Major Cholmley. In the castle 
are many valuable portraits of historical personages, amongst which 
is that of John, Duke of Norfolk, who was slain at Bosworth, in 
1485." ' 

JOHN HARYSON, eldest son of the above John, "Com- 
playned to ye Lord Dacre who was Newly entred to Graystock 
Lands. The Lord Calling both ye bretheren before him, & after 
dyvers & Sundr>' tymes debating of the Matter they both by his 
P'saucion were Content to Abyde his Judgment, who taking ye 
Patent in his hand Judged ye right thereof to John Harryson ye 
elder brother & took Wm ye yonger brother into his service. The 
sayd John Haryson Could never after get his Patent, he had 3 sonns 

• Walker's History of Penrith, pp. 169, 170. The name appears as Greystoke and Greystock. 


•i-i-iH '//.i.K'rv 

G'reystoke Castle, Cumberland County, England. 

f:^M /v 


>rfm».,r... >.u-A»..aat j^rf. ^tL...^-.,. ..^-.-^..^ ^j^.. Y , trM^ i3 ^ ..j^. , 

W'ni Peter & Michaell. Willm Haryson eldest son to ye last John 
after ye death of his father, entred & had Gilcallon till ye yeare of 
or Lord 1563, at Wch Tynie, 18 Novembr ye Lord Sr Willm Dacre 
dyed to ye Mercy of God & was bur\-ed at Carlile. After whose 
death his eldest sonn (ye Lord Sr Thomas Dacre) entred to all his 
f fathers Lands & possessions. And because the aforesaid Wm 
Haiyson Lacked the Pattent wch ye old Lord Sr Thomas had. This 
Lord Sr Thomas that now }-s (by his Extrme might & Power) took 
Gilcallon from ye forsaid Wm Han,-son soe he lacketh (not only ye 
Lands wch were his Ancetors) but also Gilcallon & altogether." 

MICHAEL HARYSON, son of John above, was of Penrith in 
Cumberland Count}'. He married Ann Brounrigge of Cumberland 
and had: 

WILLIAM HARYSON of London, merchant; married first, 
Jane Waters of Ewell; married second, Mar>s daughter of John 
West. He received the following grant of arms, under the hand 
of Sir Richard St. George, Knight, Norroy King of Arms, November 
24, 1607:^ Or, on a fesse sable, three eagles displayed of the first. 
Crest: On a chapeau gules turned ermine, an eagle's head erased 
or, charged with a crescent sable.^ 


1. William Haryson, of the Inner Temple, Ebquire; died without issue. 

2. Thomas Haryson, of St. John's in Oxford, 1633; married and had issue, Thomas, 

Frances and Margaret. 


3. John Haryson. • 

4. James Haryson. 

5. Michael Haryson. 

6. George Haryson. 

7. Mary Haryson; married first, Benjamin Bacon of London, merchant; second, 

John King, Doctor of Divinity. 

8. Katherine Ha".yson. 

9. Charlotte Haryso.n. 
10. Elizabeth Haryson. 

The Genealogist, London, Volume XVII, p. 134. 

In Additional AfSS. 14295, British Museum, the date is given as 1613, and the chapeau or, 
turned up argent, the eagle's head couped. 


1! Iv'/.M.f;'/. 


THOMAS HARRISON, of Stoneraise,' Cumberland County, 
England, was born about the year 16-iO. Stoneraise, a joint town- 
ship with Brocklebank, is in the parish of Westward,' Allerdale ward, 
below the River Derwent, two and a quarter miles south-southeast 
of Wigton, and about ten miles southwest of Carlisle. In this town- 
ship are the ruins of Old Carlisle, where once was an important 
Roman city, supposed by Horsley to have been the Olemcum of 
the Notitia.^ 

Thomas Harrison was one of the followers of George Fox, a 
member of the Religious Society of Friends. He was married, ac- 
cording to the records of Holme Monthly Meeting of Friends m 
Cumberiand, on the thirt>-first of the Eighth month, 1666, to Mary 
Ranch, daughter of John Ranell of Quarehill in Bolton, m the same 

Mary, the wife of Thomas Harrison, died at Stoneraise, the 
nineteenth of Fifth month, 1681, as shown by the records of Holme 
Monthly Meeting. Thomas Harrison sur\'ived his wife, but the 
date of his death is not known. When his son Thomas was married. 
Sixth month eighth, 1700, the father was described as "late of Castle 
Sowerby, County of Cumberland." 

The will of William Harreson of Stoneraise, Westward, dated January 18, 1631, proved m May 
of 1632. mentioned Joseph, Jane, Janet, Marie and Kathern, children of John Iilhn of 
Stoneraise; Mun?o Starthwaite; John Grainier, his sister's son; Cousin Simon Scott; John 
Hewetson; .Acnes Timpron; John Grainier of Stoneraise, testator's brother-in-law; Thomas 
Watson of Hilekirk; Magdalen Harrison, residuary legatee and executrix^ \Vitnessed by 
John and Nicholas Harreson and Robert Starthuaite.— (Carlisle Probate Re?istryJ 

The will of John Harresson of Stoneraise, dated February 6, 1634, proved March 3, 
1634, directed burial in Westward Churchyard. Eldest son Nicho as; sons Edward and 
Adam. Wife -J-Catteran and son Thomas, residuary legatees and executors.— (Carlisle 
Probate Registrv.) 7<-iin 

The will of James Harrison of Hewerhill, Castle Sowerby, dated January 3 1/13-14, 
proved February 12, 1713-14. mentioned his brothers, Richard, Thornas and Hugh; sisters. 
Mabel Watson, Grace Pattinson and -Mary Sacald; niece, Isabell Harrison and her father 
Thomas Harrison; .Margaret Peacock of Woodhall. Wite Ruth. executrLx.— (Carlisle Pro- 

'The^paris?reg?sters of Westward and Castle Sowerby were searched, but without success. 

The books are in a very bad condition, portions of the pages missing. 
I Lewis' Topographical Dictionary, Volume IV. 
1 Friends' Records, Devonshire House. London. 


Thurstonfield, Cumberland County, England. 




■^ ■S3 1 I 

The parish of Sowerby, sometimes called Castle Sowerby, from 
an old fortress there, lies to the north, and is wholly inclosed by the 
forest of Inglewood. It is bounded by Dalston to the northwest, 
Sebergham and part of Caldbeck to the west and southwest. Gray- 
stock ' to the south, Skclton and the hamlets of Braithwaite and 
"Middlesceugh to the east. It is divided into four constablewicks, 
How, Southernby, Row and Stockdalewath. 

Within a quarter of a mile of the village of Stockdalewath, upon 
an eminence commanding an extensive view to the westward, is a 
large Roman intrenchment. It is called Castle-Steads, and within 
half a mile of it are two other camps, supposed to be Roman; one 
of them is called White-stones, and the other Stoneraise. These 
three camps are at equal distances from one another, forming a 
triangle. It is supposed to have been a place of sepulchre, used 
either by the Druids or Romans.^ 

It will be noted that Graystock is in the parish pf So^yerby. 
This was the seat of the ancient Harrison family mentioned in the 
foregoing account. It seems most probable that Thomas Harrison 
of Stoneraise and Castle Sowerby was of this family. 


1. Jonathan Harrison, born 5, 15, 1667. 
■' ' 2."Mary Hatjrison, born 10, 3, 1668. 

3. THOMAS HARRISON, born 8, 23, 1670; died 10, 27, 1738. Married Sarah Bawne. 

4. JosiAS Harrison, bom 4, 10, 1677. 

5. John Harrison, born 2, 17, 1679. 

THOMAS HARRISON, son of Thomas Harrison and Mary 
Ranell of Stoneraise and Castle Sowerby, Cumberland ,Count\', 
England, was born in Cumberland County, the twenty-third of 
\ Eighth month, 1670, as shown by the records of Holme Monthly 

Meeting of Friends. 

He removed to London prior to 1700, as appears by the fol- 
lowing record of his marriage, from the Southwark Monthly Meeting 
of Friends, in that city, viz.. Sixth month, eighth, 1700, at Park in 
Southwark, Thomas Harrison of Gracechurch Street, citizen and 
merchant, son of Thomas Harrison, late of Castle Sowerby, County 

See first page, Harrison of Greystock. 
' Jefferson's History of Cumberland, p. 140. 


■3( J 

.■[i^'Ki,; j'vj^jai (i'.:'h.i/' -v; -.r.! 

9f!) ^r 

of Cumberland, and Sarah Bawnc, daughter of John Bawne of 

In 1701, Thomas Harrison resided in BilHngsgate Ward, 
parish of St. Andrew's Hubbard, London, where ele\'en of his 
children were born. In 1715 he lived in Bridge Ward, parish of 
St. Bcnnet, Grace Church, London. 

He returned to his native county, and on October 4, 1726, 
while a resident of Moorhouse, received^ from Robert Watson, by 
deed, several parcels of land in Thurstonfield. He bought a field 
in Thurstonfield, from Rowland Pattinson, April 15, 1727, and 
other land in the same place from John Nixon, October 20, 1732.^ 

Thomas Harrison died in Thurstonfield and was buried Tenth 
month 27, 1738, as shown by the records of Carlisle Monthly Meeting 
of Friends. In this record of his burial, he is described asof "Thur- 
stonfield, formerly in City of London." The record of his children 
is from the registers of Devonshire House, London. 


1. Mary Harriso.v, born 3, 22, 1701. 

2. John Harrison, born 10, 29 1702. 

3. Thomas Harrison, born 1, 3, 1703;' died prior to 3, 22, 1713. 

4. Mary Harrison, born 12, 2, 1704. 

5. Nathaniel Harrison, born 6, 4, 1706. 

6. Peter Harrison, born 3, 25, 1707. 

7. Bawne Harrison, born 10, 14, 1708. 

8. Jonathan Harrison, born 1, 3, 1709.i 

9. Isaac Harrison, born 1, 16, 1710. 

10. Sarah Harrison, born 1, 25, 1712. 

11. THOMAS HARRISON, born 3, 22, 1713; married Hannah Benson. 

12. Elizabeth Harrison, born 1, 17, 1715. (On 3, 18, 1738, "John Stag and Elizabeth 

Harinsen offered intentions of marriage.") * 

THOMAS HARRISON, of Thurstonfield, Cumberland County, 
England, son of Thomas Harrison and Sarah Bawne, of London and 
Thurstonfield, was born in Billingsgate Ward, parish of St. Andrew's 
Hubbard, London, the twenty-second of Third month, 1713, as 
shown by the records of Friends in Devonshire House, London. 

From original deeds in possession of the owner of the Harrison homestead in Thurston6eld, in 

:, belo 


'-3 The?e dates are evidently wrontr, but so appear in the registers of Devonshire House. 
4 Records of Moorhouse Preparative Meeting, belonging to Carlisle Monthly Meetmg. 

!:.:j f,i 

r! ot I.- U..M. <)K 

Moorhouse Friends' Meeting House. 




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In 1731, he married Hannah Benson, daughter of Francis 
Benson a Member of the Society of Friends, who resided at Stanger, 
in Cumberland County. The records of the marriage are from the 
minutes of the several meetings indicated. 

"The Moly Meet: held att High-berries ye 19th of ye 1st Mo: 

"At the Meet: aforsd did Tho: Harrison signifie his Intention 
of Mariage with Anna Benson a Member of pardsay Mo: Meet: 
and as it appears procedure hath been regular consent of parents 
in due time something under ye hand of ye young woman aforsd to 
bliew her oneness and nothing offering to obstrut it is taken as a 
; presentation and John Robinson and John Sturdy to make Inquiry 

; concerning his Clearness and he or some on his behalfe to publish 

I it in the particular Meet: before their next appearance." ^ 

i "18th of 2nd mo. 1731. At our Preparative Meeting Thomas 

I Harrison of Thurstonfield and Hannah Benson, daughter of Francis 

I Benson of Stanger, presented their intentions of marriage with each 

\ other, they appearing clear of others in relation to marriage, and 

I having consent of Parents they have free liberty to propose their 

I intentions to the Monthly Meeting for approbation." ^ 

I "Likeside ye 14th of ye 3d 'Mo: 1731. the Moly Meet, held 

I att Carlisle ye 23d of ye 2d Mo: being ad Journed to be held here 

i this day as above att which Did Tho: Harrison ye Second time 

: ■ signifie his Intention of Marriage with Anna Benson and the friends 

j appointed give account of finding nothing but Clearness and nothing 

1 offering to obstruct he Hath Liberty to proceed to ye Mo: Meet: to 

I which she Belongs and David Hodgson and Richard Are Certifie 

> Upon his account to ye abovesd Meeting on ye Behalfe of this 

\ Meeting." ^ 

Thomas Harrison resided at Thurstonfield, where all his children 
i were born. He was a member of the Moorhouse Preparative Meeting 

f of Friends, and worshipped in their meeting house at Moorhouse, 

I which is still standing. 

I Thurstonfield and Moorhouse are in the parish of Burgh, 
\ locally pronounced "bruff." The parish of Burgh, five miles west 
f from Carlisle, and nine north of Wigton, is situated on a fine 
[ liry ridge of land, well cultivated and enclosed. It is rather a 
i quadrangular form, being about four miles square and is bounded 
J on the east by Kirkandrews and Beaumont, on the south by Orton 
! and Bampton, or Banton; on the west by Bowness, and on the 
I north by the River Eden, or Solway Firth. It contains the following 
\ ~ . [ ^ 

i I ^:"'''*'e Monthly Meeting Minutes. 1713-1737. 

! Nlinutes of Cockermouth Preparative Meeting. 

« .Mmutes of Carlisle Monthly Meeting, 1713-1737. 

[7] ■ , 

bib'iv. :j ■?'■-"].'" Si!) :?/ ■' 

.■-■■;:, ^o .r:ii '. rl.,17/ ,;j ,;^- 

; :- • :i....::-iiJ.i !' 'Im no-;' , ;..! 

i^J .-^ j r 

villages, viz., Burgh-by-Sands, where the church stands, Longburgh, 
Shield, Dykeficld, Bonsteadhill, Thurstonfield, Moorhouse and Wor- 
manby. "Burgh is in general accounted a plentiful, wealthy place." 
"The appearance of the ground is pretty level, though there are 
some gentle declivities, and all or most part enclosed, except the 
Marsh, and consists, about Burgh, Longburgh and Bonsteadhill, of 
fine rich land for either corn or grass, with a great quantity of meadow 
in the township of Burgh. Towards Moorhouse and Thurstonfield, 
the ground is of a much inferior quality." ' 

At Moorhouse is the ancient Stordy house, where Prince 
Charles Edward Stuart, "Bonnie Prince Charlie," found shelter 
November 9, 1745. "The Prince passed the night of the 9th at 
Moorhouse? a village four miles west of Carlisle, in a house of some 
note, which is still standing. It is mentioned in Hutchinson's 
Histor>^ of Cumberland, under the title of Stonehouse, and has been 
the residence of the 'Stordys,' a family of Quakers, for nigh three 
hundred years. In the reign of Charles II, the owner passed ten 
I .^, j- years in prison for refusing to take the oath of allegiance to the 

King, and subsequently frequently sutYered for conscience sake." ^ 

The Stordy house receives an additional interest from the 
following record: "Att ouer preparative Meeting ye 18 of ye 10 Mo. 
1726, did Thos Sturdy Lay his Intension of Marridg with Susana 
Harrison. Consent of parents beeing had in due time and Regular 
prosedings soe fare he is Left to his Liberty to apear att the Mounthly 
Meeting." ^ 

Thomas Harrison bought land in Thurstonfield from John 
Wilson, January 28, 1740, and a field in the same place from John 
Fizell, November 19, 1741.'* He was an active member of ^Ioor- 
house Meeting of Friends, by whom he w^as chosen a representative 
no less than thirtv-one times, between Eighth month 15, 1740, and 
Ninth month 12, '1762.^ 

He died in Thurstonfield, and was buried Third month 27, 
1763. Hannah, his widow, was buried Fourth month 27, 1777.® 


\ 1. Thomas Harrison, born in Thurstonfield, 10, 31, 1733; buried 3, 20, 1736. 

2. John Harrison, born in Thurstonfield, 9, 20, 1736. He remained on the Thurston- 
j field estate and added to it by the following purchases: a field from William 

I • Hutchinson's History of Carlisle, 1794, Volume II, pp. 507, 508. 

' • Bonnie Prince Charlie in Cumberland. J. A. Wheatley, p. 6. 

t » Minutes of Moorhouse Preparative Meeting, 1702-1776. 

< From original deeds in possession of the owner of the Harrison homestead in Thurstonfield, 

• Minutes of Carlisle Monthly Meeting and Moorhouse Preparative Meeting. 

• Records of Carlisle Monthly Meeting, Devonshire House. 
' Records of Carlisle Monthly Meeting, Devonshire House. 


;Hi. :.:!■- ■■•-!-'/ Jmu. 

, ;.;fi 

1 ;? 

Farm House, Harrison Estate, Thurstonfield, Cumberland. 
Front View. 

V,, ll-tSJ^v 


Pattinson, July 30, 1757; a field from Robert Wilson. February 12, 1763; 
lease from Joseph Harnes, for six parcels of land, Mav 13, 1767; land from 
said Barnes. May 14, 1767; from John Mark, January 2S, 1791; from George 
Corry, October S, ISOS: enfranchisement of land from the Earl of Lonsdale, 
March 24, 1819, and a feoffment of a close of land from George Corry, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1S20.' 

John Harrison was an active member of Moorhouse ^Ieeting of 
Friends, and was chosen as a representative to the Quarterly Meetjng, 7, 13, 
1766, and 7, 19, 1767. He was a member of a committee, 9, IS, 1774.' 

Sarah Richards Harrison, wife of Thomas Harrison.^ of Philadelphia, 
in the journal of her tra\els in England, wrote as follows: "Havinq; Hannah 
Gaylard for companion. I left Liverpool the 27th of Sth month, (1'92} and 
went by way ^f Kendal to Carlisle and Moorhouse, where my brother-in-law, 
John Harrison, lives; and he acrecd to accompany us through Scotland."' 

"Died, in England, on the 17th dayof the 4th mo. last, John Harrison, 
at the advanced age of 90 vears and 6 months. He was an elder brother of 
the late Thomas "Harrison of this City, well known as a cotemporary of 
Anthonv Bcnezet, and an active and persevering advocate of the abolition 
of Negro Slavcrv." (Poulson's American Daily Advertiser, Philadelphia, 
August 13, 1827.) 

The will of John Harrison, dated November 16, 1S26, proved June 
11, 1827, made bequests to: Elizabeth, daughter of his late nephew, Robert 
Harrison of Philadelphia; daughter of Charlotte, sister of said Elizabeth; 
Ruth, widow of said Roljert Harrison; daughter of said Charlotte; niece 
Nancy Nicholson, living w^ith the testator; relative Charles Ritson, then or 
late of Bristol; cousin Hannah Satterthwaite of the Wood, near Hawkshead 
in Lancashire, and at her decease to her son Jonathan Satterthwaite.^ 

3. JoN.\Tii.\N H.^RRISON-, born in Thurstonfield, 11, 3, 1738; buried 12, 13, 1738. 

4. J.!^coB H.\RRIS0N-, born in Thurstonfield, 11, 15, 1739; buried 4, S, 1740. 

5. THOMAS HARRISON, born in Thurstonfield, 8, 29, 1741; of Philadelphia; married 

6, 21, 1764, Sarah Richards of Pennsylvania. 

6. Joseph H.\rrison, born in Thurstonfield, 1, 19. 1744. On 6, 17, 1763, Carlisle 

Monthly Meeting granted Joseph Harrison a certificate of removal to Wake- 

7. HANN.\n H.\.rrisOxV, born in Thurstonfield, 9, 30, 1747; buried at Cockermouth, 3, 30. 


8. Deborah Harrison, born in Thurstonfield, 12, 20, 1750; buried 1, 24, 1752. 

I THOMAS HARRISON, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, son 

I of Thomas Harrison and Hannah Benson of Thurstonfield, Cumber- 

1 land County, England, was born in Thurstonfield, Eighth month 29, 

I 1741. His father died in Thurstonfield in Third month of 1763, 

^ when the house and lands evidently became vested in John Harrison, 

I the eldest son, who remained on the estate. 

f This change in the family aft'airs no doubt influenced Thomas 

I Harrison to seek his fortune elsewhere, and, as shown before, 

I his brother Joseph removed to Wakefield, by certificate of June 17, 

I 1763. Thomas Harrison applied to Carlisle Monthly Meeting for a 

1 certificate of removal, and in the "Minutes Entered at our Monthly 

' I Orifjinal deeds in possession of the owner of the Harrison homestead, 1905. 

i * .Mmutes of Moorhouse Preparative Meeting. 

I ' y'-.'?^'' -'^liscellany, Philadelphia, 1838, Volume XI, p. 124. 

I * Original deeds in possession of the owner of the Harrison homestead, 1905. 

I [9] 

.. .1: 

Meeting at Carlisle the 20th of 5th Mo. 1763, A Certificate was given 
at this Meeting on behalf of Thomas Harrison directed to Friends 
in Philadelphia." 


To Friends in Philadelphia whom it may concern, 

Dear Friends: We are informed that our Friend Thomas Harrison who removed 
from hence to London some few \ears since, and from thence to you, now by letter hath re- 
quested our certificate on his said removal. Wherefore we certify to you that he is the son of 
parents of good esteem amongst us, had a sober religious education, and for an\T;hing that we 
know his conversation was regular and orderly while with us. he being allowed to sit in meetings 
of business he belonged to and tho: but >oung was esteem'd a member in unity. 

On his first renio\"aI (that is to London) he was too dilatory in requesting our certificate, 
till such time as he had determin'd to remove to you, and that we may make up the deficiency 
as far as in us lay we have received a good account touching his conduct while in London signed 
by several Friends of good repute who knew him there who say they do believe his life and con- 
versation was orderly whilst there and that he left them free from debt or any engagement res- 
pecting marriage that they know of and that they have inquired of the master he was longest with 
in London who give him a good character as to honesty, sobriety, regularity and industry. We 
tenderly desire he may approve himself worthy of your notice, and that you may have a regardful 
eye over him for his good every way. 

We conclude affectionately your Friends and Brethren in the Truth. 

Signed in and on behalf of said Meeting by 

John Dockrey, Clerk. 

Thomas Harrison seems to have gone to America soon after 
the date of this certificate, for in less than a year he had wooed and 
won the daughter of a native of Pennsylvania. The records of the 
Philadelphia Monthly Meeting of Friends show that on Sixth 
month 21, 176-i, Thomas Harrison of Philadelphia, son of Thomas 
deceased, of Thurston Field, Cumberland County, Great Britain, 
was married at the Philadelphia Meeting, to Sarah Richards, daughter 
of Rowland Richards deceased, of Chester County. The marriage 
was witnessed by: Elizabeth Yarnall, Sam! Richards, Hannah 
Richards, Robert Evans, Jane Evans, Francis Yarnall, Joseph Moore, 
Rowland Richards, Lydia Richards. Margaret Chandler, Elizabeth 
Karlin, Mar>- Stephens, Samuel Alickle, \Vm. Brown, John Reynell, 
Joshua Emlen, Saml Sansom, Isaac Zane, John Pemberton, Isaac 
Greenleafe, Isaac Howell. \Vm. Lightfoot, Benajah Andrews, Richd 
Parker, David Bacon, Roger Waters, Hudson Emlen, Owen Jones, 
Owen Jones, Junr, Peter Howard, Geo. Painter, David Ivinsey, 
Thomas West, William Robinson, A. Morris, Jereah Warder, Joseph 
Lancaster, Francis Harris, Will. Harris, John McAllaster, Mary 
Emlen, Ann Hallowell, Hannah Logan, Eliza Morris, Junr, Rebecca 
Garrigues, Elizabeth Hollowell, by Order, Rebekah Howard, Cather- 
ine Jones, Sarah Hampton, Sarah Taylor, Sarah West.' 

Sarah Richards Harrison was the daughter of Rowland Richards 
and his wife Sarah Thomas of Chester (now Delaware) County, 

" Original Certificate in Collection of the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania. 



-.1 '.nf 

;? hir 

Farm House, Harrison Estate, Thurstonfield, Cumberland. 
Front View. 

■.i.-......-H Li. 

Farm House, Harrison Estate, Thurstonfield. 
Rear View 







■^B:MM^^i^ "^^^^^ ^^"^ 


I Pennsylvania. She was a distinguished incnilicr of the Society of 

I Friends, and an eloquent preaclier. The following paragraphs are 

I from the account of her life and travels, as published in the Bio- 

graphical Sketches and Anecdotes of Members of the Religious 
■• Society of Friends. Philadelphia, 1871. Pages 344 to 365: 

"Sarah Harrison was a daughter of Rowland Richards, and was born in what is now 
Delaware County, Pennsylvania. She was naturally cheerful and animated. 

"Sarah Richards, about the twentieth vear of her age, was married to Thomas Harrison, 

and became a resident in the citv of Philadelphia. She fulhlled with faithfulness and activity 

the duties of her new sphere of life, was managing:; and neat as a housekeeper, warm hearted 

and kind to friends and neighbors, hospitable to strangers, charitable to the poor, and ever ready 

to perform services of kindness to all. The Lord, her almighty Caretaker, did not permit her to 

'• pass along without trials. Several of her children died in infancy, and she was dipped into 

I various baptisms to qualify her for the ministry of the Gospel, to which service her Lord had 

I appointed her. During the time of the Revolutionary War she first spoke in the meetings of 

i Friends, and was acknowledged as a minister in 17S1. 

I "In the Fifth month, 1786, Sarah Harrison left her home, accompanied by her friend, 

! Mary England, to attend the Yearly Meeting of Virginia, after her return from which her mind 

I was impressed with a sense that further religious labor in the Southern States was required of 

'- her. In the latter part of the same year she was liberated by her Monthly Meeting to attend 

I all the meetings of Friends in Virginia and many of those further south. 

I "In^^the course of this visit she attended \orth Carolina Yearly Meeting, in the Tenth 

^ month, 1787, where she remarks, 'The subject of holding mankind as slaves came weightily 

I before the meeting, and a committee was appointed to visit such as have slaves, and if they 

i continue to disregard the wholesome advice of the body, Monthly Meetings were directed to 

(disunite them.' 
"In the early part of the year 1788, she spent several weeks in Charleston, South Carolina, 
where she wrote as follows: 'Great has been the oppression we have felt here; the Gospel truths 
\ we have had to deliver being so repugnant to the disposition of the minds of most of the in- 

habitants, who, like many others, love ease, and do not want their false rests disturbed. They 
say much against slave-holding; all we have conversed with agree that it is not right to hold 
their fellow-creatures in bondage, and wish they were all free, declaring that they are only a 
burden to them. But when anything is said to promote their freedom, they soon turn and say 
they are not tit for freedom, because they are such poor, helpless creatures. But, oh, that God 
may be pleased to hasten the coming of that day when the eyes of them that see shall not be 
dim and the ears of them that hear shall hearken to His inspeaking voice.' 
{ _ _ "Much religious labor was performed by Sarah Harrison and her companions during 

I this journey with those members of oui" Society who then held slaves. . . . Many indi- 

t viduals, particularly in Virginia, were much contrited under the Divine power attending her 

\ ministry, and, from a heartfelt conviction of duty, bore a righteous testimony against slave 

I holding by manumitting all their slaves. Within the limits of one .Monthly Meeting in that 

I State, the Friends had the satisfaction of seeing nearly fifty of their fellow-beings released from 

bondage in their presence. Toward the conclusion of their journey, Sarah Harrison remarks: 
'I can with gratitude say, I believe the arm of God's salvation has been made bare for our pre- 
servation thus far.' 

"They reached Philadelphia in the Eighth month, 1788, having been nearly a year engaged 
in this arduous ser\-ice. The annals of our Society furnish no similar record of such successful 
labor in the cause of the oppressed. 

"In 1792, Sarah Harrison was liberated by her friends to pay a religious visit to Great 
Britain and Ireland, a prospect of which had for some time previously weightily impressed her 
mmd. She sailed for Liverpool on the 15th of the Seventh month, in company with .Mary Ridg- 
way and Jane Watson, who, after having accomplished a visit in Gospel love to the churches in 
America, were returning to their native land. Samuel Emien, who had also been set at liberty 
tor religious labor in Europe, was a fellow-passenger. 

"Sarah Harrison was several years in Europe, visiting Friends' meetings in the limits 
of London and Dublin Yearly Meetings, and also travelling on the Continent, where the un- 
settled state of the country subjected her to many trials and difficulties in the prosecution of 
her labors of love, being on one occasion held prisoner for several days, by the French authorities, 
on suspicion of being an English spy." ' 

■ The French Revolution was started July 14, 1789; Louis XVI was beheaded January 21, 1793; 
war was declared between France and England, February 1, 1793. 



"While in England, a special audience was granted to her by 
the sovereign, George III."' 

The Journal of Thomas Scattergood contains these references 
to Sarah Harrison while abroad: 

7-13-1 79S. After breakfast went to see my country-woman, Mary Swett, and found 
she was going with Sarah Harrison to look at a ship in the Thames, bound for Germany. 

7-23-1 79S. Sarah Harrison. Mary Swett, Charity Cook, and George Stacey, started 
a few days ago for Germany. ^Letter Thomas Scattergood to iiis wife.) 

7-13-1799. Rode thirty-two miles [from Preston] to Liverpool, and got into Robert 
Benson's in good time: here we found S. Harrison, C. Hustler and daughter, etc. Met with a 
very kind reception from mv dear friends R. and S. Benson. 

7-16-1799. After dinner went with S. Harrison and John Hall to the vessel in which 
they think of embarking. 

"After her return home, her health became much broken, so 
that she seldom got out, except to her own meetings. Her last ill- 
ness was very short. She died the 29th of Twelfth month, 1812, in 
much calmness and quietude, her last words being, ' Lord Jesus, 
receive my spirit.' She was in the sevent\--sixth year of her age."^ 

Thomas Harrison resided at 36 High, now Market, Street in 
1791; at 72 South Third Street in 1793 and thereafter. He "was 
an ardent friend of the negro slaves and with singular earnestness 
ever labored for their freedom and elevation. He was an honored 
member of the Pennsylvania Colonization Society." ^ 

The "Constitution of the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting 
the Abolition of Slavery and for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlaw- 
fully held in Bondage and for Improving the Condition of the 
African Race," printed in 1787, shows Benjamin Franklin as presi- 
dent; James Pemberton and Jonathan Penrose, vice-presidents; 
Benjamin Rush and Tench Coxe, secretaries; James Starr, treasurer; 
counsellors, William Lewis, John D. Coxe, Miers Fisher and William 
Rawle; Thomas Harrison and others, electing committee. 

On December S, 1789, was passed by the Legislature of the 
State of Pennsylvania, "An Act to Incorporate A Society By the 
Name of 'The Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition 
of Slavery and for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully held in 
Bondage and for Improving the Condition of the x^frican Race.' 
Whereas a voluntary' society has for some time subsisted (in this 
state) by the name of 'The Pennsylvania Society for Promoting,' 
[etc.] Be it therefore enacted and it is hereby enacted by the 
Representatives of the Freemen of the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania in General Assembly met and by the authority of the same, 
That the present members of the said society, to wit, Dr. Benjamin 

'Biographical Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania, Volume III, pp. 405, 406. 

' According to the records of Philadelphia \Ionthly Meetmg of Friends, her death occurred 

11, 30, 1812, at the age of 76 years. 
> Biographical Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania, Volume III, pp. 405, 406. 


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Mr; ■•^•/f:0'»T 

The Old Court House and Friends' Meeting, 
Second and High Streets, Philadelphia. 

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Franklin, James Pemberton, Jonathan Penrose, Thomas Harrison, 
James Starr, William Lippincott, John Thomas, Benjamin Horner, 
Samuel Richards, John Evans, John Todd, Clement Biddle, Dr. 
Benjamin Rush, Thomas Penrose, Philip Benezct, [and others] all 
of the state of Pennsylvania, . . . The Honorable John Jay 
and Matthew Clarkson of the state of New York, . . . Warner 
Mifilin of the state of Delaware, Zebulon Hollingsworth ... of 
the state of i\Iar\-land, Noah Webster of the State of Massachusetts, 
The Right Honorable William Pitt, of the Kingdom of Great Britain. 
And Le Abbe Raynal, Le Marquis de La Fayette, I. P. Brissot de 
Warville, Charton de La Terrierre and Francis Clary Du Pont of 
the Kingdom of France and such other person or persons as shall 
be hereafter elected and chosen, be and they are hereby declared 
to be one body and corporate in deed and in law by the name of and 
style and title of 'The Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the 
Abolition of SIaver>',' " [etc.]^ 

When the scourge of yellow fever visited Philadelphia in 1793, 
Thomas Harrison offered his services, and with Stephen Girard was 
a member of the committee appointed by the citizens of Philadel- 
phia "to attend and alleviate the sufferings of the afHicted with 
The Malignant Fever Prevalent in the City and its Vicinity." On 
September 20, 1793, this committee "Resolved that Israel Helm, 
Joseph Inskeep and Thomas Harrison be a committee to visit the 
house of employment' to enquire of the steward of that place what 
are the circumstances of it and whether any of the managers attend 
there, and whether suitable objects can obtain the relief designed 
to be afforded by the institution. The last mentioned Report, 
'that they have been to the alms-house and have had a conference 
with the steward; who informed them that the last meeting of the 
managers was on the ninth day of this month, when a resolution was 
entered into, that no person should be admitted into that place until 
furtlier orders; that on the sixteenth instant, two members only 
met, when the foregoing instructions to the steward were renewed.'" 

September 30, 1793, "Thomas Harrison a member of the orphan 
committee having left the city, and Daniel Offley offering his ser- 
vices, he is requested to take his place in that committee." ^ Like 
Thomas Harrison, Daniel Ofiley was a member of the Societ>^ of 
Friends, or Quakers; he died of the fever soon after.'^ 

Thomas Harrison died in Philadelphia. Eleventh month 5, 
1S15. "Died, yesterday morning, in the 76th year of his age, 

S:.:lules at Large of Pennsylvania, Volume XIII. p. 424, 

' ■^'"•utfs of the Proceedings of The Connnittee. Appoinled on I4lh September, 1793, etc. Col- 
l».;ction of the Historical Society of Pennsvlvania. 
l>anicl Offley appears as one of the characters in The Red City, by Dr. S. Weir Mitchell. 


f...o/' ,l-'i;,,l /-If:!/: t'-<'ui:] -:;,;; I 

•: - i ,lr;ri •/;:.;■] ot'.i/ oJ hn/- 

;,;:■;. :i.:li >- , 

Tliomas Harrison, a native of England, but for many years a re- 
spectable inhabitant of this cit>'. His friends and acquaintances 
are requested to attend his funeral this afternoon at two o'clock, 
from the house of William Seal, jr. No. 118 south Front street." 
(Poulson's American Daily Advertiser, Monday, November 6, 1815.) 
The will of Thomas Harrison, dated the "Third day of the sixth 
month," 1814, "being in my Se\'entieth fifth year of age," made 
bequests to, "Ruth Harrison, Widow of My Son Robert Harrison 
and her two Daughters Elizabeth Dawson Harrison and Charlott 
Harrison." He appointed his said daughter-in-law Ruth, executrix; 
his cousin Leonard Snowden, friends Joseph Moor and Daniel 
Thomas, all of Philadelphia, trustees. \Vill witnessed by Samuel 
Smith, Ebenezer Le^•ick and William Master. Proved December 6, 


1. Joseph Harrison, born 3, 17, 1765. 

2. John Harrison, born 11, 21, 1766; died prior to 12, 17, 1773. 

3. Thomas Harrison, born 1, 22, 1769; died prior to 1, 21, 177S. 

4. Samuel Harrison, born 1, 3, 1771; died prior to 6, 8, 1772. 

5. Samuel Harrison, born 6, S, 1772. 

6. JOHN HARRISON, born 12, 17, 1773; married, November 27, 1802, Lydia Leib of 


7. Robert Harrison, born 8, 19. 1775; married in Philadelphia,' 4, IS, 1797, Ruth 

Roberts, daughter of Levi and Eli^abeth Roberts of Philadelphia. Their 
daughters, Sarah Harrison and Elizabeth Dawson Harrison, were born 1, 15, 
1798, and 1, 19, 1799, respectivelv.' Robert Harrison died prior to the 
date of his father's will. 6, 3, 1814. His widow and daughters, Elizabeth 
Dawson Harrison and Charlotte Harrison, were mentioned in the will of 
Thomas Harrison of Philadelphia, 1814, and in the will of John Harrison of 
Thurstonfield. England, in 1S26. "Departed this life yesterday morning, 
after a lingering illness, Ruth, relict of the late Robert Harrison, and 
Daughter in law of the late Thomas Harrison. Her friends and those of 
the family are particularly invited to attend the funeral, at 3 o'clock, this 
afternoon, from the House of her Son-in-Law, Samuel C. Cooper, No. 44 
' Market-street, without further notice." (Poulson's American Daily Adver- 

tiser, Monday, October 15. 1827.) 

8. Sarah Harrison, born 12, 13, 1776. 

9. Thomas Harrison, born 1, 21, 1778. 

JOHN HARRISON, of Philadelphia, manufacturing and 
operative chemist, son of Thomas Harrison and Sarah Richards, 
was born in Philadelphia, December 17, 1773. He was educated in 

' Philadelphia Will Book, 6, p. 188. 

' Records of .Northern District .Monthly .Meeting, Philadelphia. 

' Records of Philadelphia Monthly Meeting of Friends. 

[ 14 ] 

M >rav-l'r 

L ^\^-?,Uu/[) 

John Harrison of Philadelphia, 1773-1833. 

From the painting in possession of 

Provost Charles Custis Harrison. 



Philadelphia, and at an early age was apprenticed to Townsend 
Speaknian,' a drug;^ist of 8 South Second Street, the present number 
24. He later studied two years in Europe, and also under the 
eminent Joseph Priestley, the discoverer of oxygen.- 

Some time prior to April, 1793, while yet in his minority, John 
Harrison entered into partnership with Samuel Betton and carried 
on a wholesale and retail trade as chemists and druggists, under the 
firm name of Betton & Harrison. In Dunlap's American Daily 
Advertiser, Thursday, April IS, 1793, appeared this notice: 


Wholes.vle and Retail Chemists and Druggists, at their 


No. 10, SOUTH Second street, Philadelphia, 

Have imported in the ship George Barclay, from London, a very extensive Assortment 

of the freshest medicines, elegant shop furniture, and surgeons' instruments of the latest and 

most approved inventions. 

They have also just received from Cadiz, A few cases very fine Red and Pale Peruvian 

After surmounting many difficulties, they have established a Laboratory for the manu- 
facturing of aqua fortis, and most of the chemical preparations which were formerly imported; 
such as red and white precipitates, calomel, emetic tartar, dailaphorctic antimony, golden sulphur 
of antimony, patent green colour, ether, sweet spirit of nitre, spirit of salt, and a variety of other 

In 1793 and 1794, as described in his letter to Thomas Jefferson, 
John Harrison "commenced a series of experiments for the prepara- 
tion of Sulphuric Nitric and Muriatic Acids on a practical scale." 
In this attempt he "succeeded so far as to prepare them to the ut- 
most perfection, but the high price of the crude materials, the want 
of sufficient demand and the easy intercourse with Great Britain," 
caused him to temporarily abandon the undertaking and to con- 

• Townsend Speakman, druggist. Second Street, between Market and Chestnut Streets, in direc- 
tory of 1785; at No. S, now No. 24 South Second Street. f(jur doors below Friends' Meeting 
House, in 1791; Hannah Speakman. widow. 8 South Second Street, 1794; John Hart, 
druggist and apothecary, 8 South Second Street, 1794. Hart, the successor to Speakman, 
continued at this address and was widely known. 

'Joseph Priestlev, scientist, born in Fieldhead. near Leeds. Yorkshire. England, March 24. 1733; 
died in Northumberland, Pennsylvania, February 6, 1S04. He studied for the ministry, 
but was rejected on account of his views on original sin, etc. In 1753 he became an assistant 
in a meeting-house .-<t Needham Market, in Suffolk. \\'as the author of a number of books 
on languages, electricity and theology. Made great discoveries in chemistry, viz., nitric 
acid in 1772; oxygen in 1774. etc. fiecoming the recognized champion of liberal thought. 
he was the subject of severe condemnation; this feeling culminated on July 14. 1791, the 
anniversary of the French Revolution, in a riot in Birmingham, during which his meeting- 
house, dwelling, library and apparatus were destroyed. He escaped to London. In 1794 
he left London, arriving in New York June 4th, and proceeded to Philadelphia, where he 
was offered the professorship of chemistry in the University of Pennsylvania, but he 
declined and retired to Northumberland, where his sons had settled, and built a_ laboratory. 
Thomas Jefferson consulted him in regard to the founding of the University of Virginia, and 
he was offered the presidency of the Uni%-ersity of North Carolina. 

In the spring of 1796 he delivered a series of "Discourses Relating to the Evidences of 
Revealed Religion." He continued his literary work, including an "Answer to Mr. Paine's 
Age of Reason." (Applelun's Cyclopedia of' American Biography, Volume V. Memoirs 
"J Dr. Joseph Priestley, Northumberland, 1806, Volume I, p. 163; Volume II, p. viii.) 

, [15] 

tinuc in his "profession as a chemist, content with preparing such 
of them as were necessar\- for the supjily of my immediate customers." 
In Duiilap ami Claypoole's American Daily Advertiser for 
Saturday, June 21, 1794, we fmd: 


Wholesale and retail Chemists and Druggists — also Aqua Fortis Manufacturers, 

No. 10 SOUTH Second street, Philadelphia, 

Have received by the late arrivals from London, Bristol and .Amsterdam, a very ex- 
tensive assortment of fresh Drugs and Medicines — also an elegant assortment of Surgeons' 
Instruments and Shop Furniture, which they are now opening at their Warehouse, where such 
persons as may please to favor them with their custom, may depend upon being served with 
punctuality and attention. They Hatter themseh'es their extensive dealings in this line will 
enable them to sell at as reduced prices as any other house in the city; and as their assortment 
is large and general, they thinlc an enumeration superfluous. 

A few cases of pale and red Peruvian Bark of a superior quality. 

In the same paper, Thursday, June 19, 1794, appeared this 
report : 

"Health Office, Port of Philadelphia. 
June 7, 1794. 
Agreeably to Law, the Inspectors of the First Class of the Health Office, beg leave to 
REPORT, That on the Sth day of the last month they entered upon the duties of tfieir office, 
and notwithstanding the want of Funds, to carry that part of the law, which relates to the hos- 
pital on State Island, into execution, they proceeded to examine the situation of the buildings, 
and ascertain the improvements necessary to be made there; the result of this examination, and 
an estimate formed of the probable expense of the repairs and improvements required, deter- 
mined the inspectors to procure on loan, the sum of 3000 I. for the use of the hospital, and for 
the reimbursement of which, under the auspices of the Governor, a confidence is placed in the 
legislature of the commonwealth. 

The inspectors now have the pleasure to add, that materials are in part, prepared, and 
will be preparing for doing every thing that is necessary to put the Health Office on State Island 
in complete order; and also that at present there are no sick persons or patients there of any 

With the greatest respect and esteem we are 

Your obedient and very humble servants, 
J.ACOB Morgan, 

Stephen Gir.\rd, Inspectors of the first 
John Harrison, class. 

J. Cowperthwait, 
John Morrell. 

WiLLi.Aj,! .Allen, Health Officer of the 
port of Philadelphia 
To the Governor of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania." 

The duties of the Health Inspectors at this period were most 
important. The loss of life from yellow fever had been great in 
1793 — estimated at five thousand. John Harrison, chemist, was 
but in his twenty-first year; Hester Leib, sister of his future wife, 
married, in 1797, George W. Morgan, son of Brigadier-General Jacob 
Morgan, one of the above inspectors. 

On June 28, 1795, the "Philadelphia Society for the Information 
and Assistance of Persons Emigrating from Foreign Countries" 
issued a manifesto inviting immigrants aggrieved or misused by 
masters of vessels to appeal to a committee of the said society, 
who would see that redress was secured. Of the members of this 


■: r,7/ X'y{\ ,i: :.f.:.l ,/.,.i:M ■,>.-•: 

' /j;f 0'.';. a'v.^j.K.a'// 

i ■.!■■;;(. ,Vi.b^- 

■,a ,.'{J 



Lydia Leib Harrison, 1777-1861. 

From photograph in possession of 

]VIrs. Robert A. Semplc, Philadelphia. 





"Committee of Conference and Correspondence," which met every' 
Monday e\"ening at 8 o'clock, at 'Sir. Israel Israel's ta\'ern, Second 
and Chestnut Streets, was "Mr. John Harrison, Rei,^ister, 10 South 
Second Street." ^ 

In Claypoolc's American Daily Advertiser, July 20, 1799, 
Betton & Harrison advertise to ha^"e just received, in addition to 
their large spring importation, ver\- line Turkey opium, castor oil, 
manna in cases and Chinese vermillion. They also state that a 
general assortment of drugs, etc., would be kept at Samuel Betton's 
house in Germantown. This last note was no doubt for the con- 
venience of many persons who had removed from town to avoid 
the yellow fever. The city was almost deserted this year, the 
number of deaths estimated at twelve hundred and seventy-six.'^ 

The partnership of Betton & Harrison seems to have been 
dissolved in the latter part of 1800 or early in the year 1801. In 
1804, behcving the consumption of the United States to be sufficient 
for the support of such an undertaking, John Harrison stated 
to President Jefferson, " I relinquished my business and devoted the 
whole of my attention to this important subject [a chemical manu- 
factory']. In order to perform it with effect both capital and enter- 
prise were requisite. I employed $5000.00 in the construction of 
apparatus alone which had I failed in my endeavours would not 
have produced me $2000.00, but I succeeded. 

"It of course became necessary the works should be, increased 
for the purpose of doing business upon a large scale, because I could 
not expect the support of the senders, or consumers of those articles 
unless I could give them assurances of my ability to supply them to 
such an extent as I believe to be fully equal to the supply of the whole 
United States, as I have never yet had demand for more than one 
fourth of the quantity I am capable of producing. I have since 
added to my establishment, the different preparations of Mercury, 
Antimony, Copper and many other articles of lesser consequence 
and I have employed as a capital, about 840,000.00." 

In 1806 and 1S07, John Harrison was located at 75 South Fifth 
Street. In 1807 he built what was for that day quite a large leaden 
chamber; it was fifty feet long, eighteen feet wide and eighteen feet 
high, capable of making nearly a half million pounds of sulphuric 
acid annually. The price of the acid then was about fifteen cents 
per pound. The acid prepared in leaden chambers, as is well known, 
is not the oil of vitriol of commerce, and the only means emploved 
at that time to concentrate it to the required density was by boiling 
it in glass retorts, a ver>' precarious and dangerous process. The 

■ American Daily Advertiser, June 28, 1795. 

■ The History of Philadelphia, Schart and Westcott, Volume I, p. 496. 


•I'i- 0::;Tijl -M'.rU 


0^.1 nl 

loss occasioned b>- the constant breaking of the glass greatly in- 
creased the cost of the concentrated acid. 

At this time there resided in Philadelphia, Doctor Eric Boll- 
man,' a man of scientific training, who had brought from France 
the method then just discovered by Dr. Wollaston, of converting 
the crude grains of platinum into bars and sheets. One of the first 
uses to which he applied the sheets was the making of a still for John 
Harrison, for the concentration of sulphuric acid. This still weighed 
seven hundred ounces, contained twenty-five gallons and was in 
continuous use for fifteen years. The early application of platinum 
to this purpose was highly characteristic of the sagacity and in- 
genuity of the American manufacturer, for the use of the rare metal 
was at that time a novelty in Europe and known only to a few 

It is believed that John Harrison was the first manufacturer 
of sulphuric acid in America, certainh- the first to make it success- 
fully. He was not only the first in this country to concentrate it 
in platinum as a manufacturer, but probably the first of all. In 
1806 he added to his manufactures the production of white lead, 
subsequently apparatus for the manufacture of pyroligncous and 
acetic acid and their dift'erent products, white and brown sugar of 
lead, on an extended scale: also the oxides of lead, colors, alum, 
copperas, iron liquors, etc. 

' Eric Bollman, physician, born in Hoya, Hanover, in 1769; died in Jamaica, W. I., December 
9, 1S21. He studied medicine at Gottincrcn. and practiced in CarLsruhe and in Paris, where 
he settled at the beginning; of the French Revolution. He accompanied Count Xarbonne, 
who fled to England in 1792, and in London fell in with I-ally-ToUendal, who induced him 
to go to Austria and endeavor to find out where General Lafayette was kept in confinement. 
He established himself as a physician in Vienna. Learning that Lafayette was a prisoner 
at Olmiitz, he formed a plan to rescue him with the assistance of Francis Kinloch Huger, 
. a young American [and a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania]. Communicating 
with the prisoner through the prison surgeon, the two fell upon his guards while he was 
taking exercise in a carriage; he rode in the wrong direction and was recaptured. Dr. 
Bollman escaped to Prussia, but was handed over to the Austrian authorities, who kept 
him in prison for nearly a year, and then released him on condition that he should leave 
the country. He came to the United States and was well received; but in 1S06 was im- 
plicated in Aaron Burr's conspiracy and was Burr's agent in New Orleans. In 1814 he 
returned to Europe, and after another visit to the United States, took up his residence in 
London. (Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. 1S87.) 

Eric Bollman married Elizabeth Xi-xon, daughter of John Xixon of Philadelphia, by his 
w^fe Elizabeth Davis. John Xixon was a signer of the "Xon-Importation Agreement" of 
1765; was a delegate to the Convention for the Province of Pennsylvania, January 28, 1775; 
.Lieutenant-Colonel of the Third Battalion of Associators of Philadelphia, 1773; member 
and chairman of the Committee of Safety of Pennsylvania, 1775-1776. It was he who, 
from the platform at the State House in Philadelphia read "The Declaration of Indepen- 
dence, publicly for the first time." Colonel Xixon participated in the movement against 
Trenton under Washington and was in the Battle of Princeton. He served the Government 
in many other official capacities. Of his children. Mary married Francis West; Elizabeth 
married Eric Bollman; Sarah married William Crammond; Jane became the wife of Thomas 
Mayne Willing, and Henry married Maria, youngest daugliter of Robert Morris, financier 
of the Revolution. (The Pennsylvania Magazine, Volume I, pp. 188, 202.) 
Philadelphia and Us Manufactures, E. T. Freedley, 1859, pp. 206, 207. 


-.ill ■ 


The John Harrison Laboraton,- of Cliemistrx- 
Universit\- of Pennsylvania. 


:1 i ■ i 

f -"jrisT!- 

,,jjl ^...i.j3.-;^.jii^..£iA i >rl« ri aii3=-- 

~1 ! 

4\ " 


From Fiftli Street, John Harrison removed to Green Street, 
west of Third, old number 121, having an office at 26 Strawbern,' 
Street, near Third and Market Streets. Some of the products of 
hi? laborator>- are enumerated in an advertisement in The General 
Advertiser, of Tuesday, August 16, 1808: 


The subscriber oflFers for sale (wholesale only) the followint; articles, manufactured at 
his works, and warranted equal in even.- respect to the British. Manufacturers and druggists 
will find it to their interests to give him a preference. 

Applications made at the comjiting house, No. 26, Strawberry street, will be imme- 
diately attended to. 

John Harrison. 

Oil Vitriol, Aq Fortes, dup.. Acid Muriatic, Roman Vitriol, Spirit Nitri Fortes. Spirit 
Nitri Dulcis, Spirit Vitriol Dulcis, Spirit Salis. Volat. Aroni., Spirit Vinos. Rect., Acet Distillat, 
Calomel Crud, Calomel Ppt., Merc. Corros Sublim, Tartar Emetic, Ether Vitriol, Aq. Anion 
c Eale, Aq Amon c Tart, Alcohol, Liq. Anod Min Hoff, Patent Green, Sal E. Nixon." 

The troubles that led to the War of 1812-14 were growing 
more irritating at this period. The injur}' to American shipping and 
the overt acts of British commanders in seizing our seamen, cul- 
minating with the affair of the "Leopard" and the "Chesapeake" ^ in 
1807, caused the passage of the "Embargo Act" by Congress in that 
year. The result of this Act, so disastrous to the commerce of 
America, was in some respects ver>^ beneficial to the country. It 
\ i^rcatly helped the development of many industries and hastened 

j the progress of manufactures to a degree before unknown. Im- 

I portations of foreign goods being stopped, the energies of a restless 

I and ingenious people were forced into new channels. In October, 

( 1S08, the Philadelphia Aurora said, in justification of the adminis- 

I tration: "The embargo has built or nearly built ten thousand houses 

in this city. . . . We have two manufactories of red lead already 
established, whose capacity is competent to supply the whole country' 
with red lead and with litharge. A manufactory' of white lead is 
also going on." ^ 
I It was at this critical time, when Congress was engrossed with 

I the unhappy results of the "embargo, made manifest by the general 

I discontent throughout the country, that John Harrison addressed 

'; a memorial to that body. He undoubtedly apprehended that if, 

I \^ith the repeal of the said Act, trade with Great Britain was restored 

; under former conditions, American manufactures and investments 

would suffer greatly. 

The British man-of-war Leopard, supported by the frigate Melamfnis and the seventy-four 
Br'.loKj, fired into the Chesapeake. June 23d, outside of the \"irginia Capes, killed four of her 
crew and wounded eighteen, and seized three men, who were claimed as deserters. 

Tke History oj Philadelphia. Scharf and Westcott, Volume I, p. 531. 



')>.l .•■■! '-. r:ur. V,..;,:'.!'! k 

h, m// 


To THE Senate and House of Rei-resentatives of the United States. 
The Memorial of the Subscriber respectfully Sheweth; % 

That your Memorialist has at a considerable expence of time and Money succeeded in 
the establishment of Works, for the manufacture of a number of Chemical articles, amongst which 
are, some that are of the greatest importance to the Public as dying drugs, & arc, in consequence, 
at present by Law exempt from Duty, for the protection & encouragement of Manufacturers in 
other Branches; among these are Oil of Vitriol. Aqua Fortis, Marine Acid or Sp of Sea Salt and 
Blue or Roman Vitriol the raw materials or ingredients necessary for the composition of which 
are subject to duties. 

Your Memorialist, confident in his own ability to prosecute the busmess with success, 
on a fair competition, would not now trouble your honorable Body for protection, had he not 
full evidence of attempts having been made, i!t successfully so in some instances, by Manu- 
facturers of Brittain, to destrov other Manufactories in their Infancy by sliipping articles without 
order, in large quantities & without any limitation of Price, so as effectually to glut the .American 
market for the time, & thereby producing distress and embarrassment to the domestic Manu- 
facturer for want of sale, the consequence of which has been the destruction of some of the best 
efforts of our Citizens to render themselves, and our Country, independent of foreign Nations: 
This interference of Brittish competition has also happened to your Memorialist, whose works 
have been for something more than two ^'cars in full operation; Oil of Vitriol, an article of 
the first importance to our growing Manufactures and essential in the Bleaching, Dying and 
Printing of Cotton one of our great staple commodities, an article which with others denominated 
dying Drugs the wisdom of your predecessors saw the necessity of exempting from duty for their 
protection and encouragement & one in which few Countries in Europe have succeeded in pre- 
paring at such a price as to render it usefuU to Manufacturers and none in this Country but your 
Memorialist— whose labours to accomplish this desirable object have been conducted while 
numerous attempts have been made since his establishment to impede it by quantities of this 
Article being sent out from England without order and at reduced prices evidently with the 
view of destroying his Manufactory. . 

Your Memorialist therefore solicits respectfully your attention to the following h acts: 

1st. The quality of the various articles are pro%-ed by the accompanying Certificates 
to be in every respect equal to those Imported. 

2nd. Your Memorialist conceives his establishment is equal to the present consumption 
of the United States, but should the demand increase, as is probable from the growing State of 
our Cotton, Woollen, & Linnen Manufactures he can in a few Weeks increase his works so as to 
meet anv demand that mav be made on him. 

3rd. On a fair and' honorable competition he can sell the articles lower than they can 
be imported, but unless the fostering hand of Government be extended to his relief his estab- 
lishment is in danger of being destroyed as others have been, by combinations of Brittish Manu- 
facturers whose great Capitals United enable them with trifling individual sacrifices to destroy 
our infant exertions and in the end to compensate themselves by an advance on their own pro- 
ductions more than equivalent to the loss sustained in the accomplishment of their design. 

4th. The perfection of most of our necessary and useful! Manufactures, and the general 
advancement of Science is eminently promoted by these productions — Not a Callico printer 
Not a Dyer, nor Bleacher, not a Hatter nor Brass Founder, a Refiner of Metals a Gilder, or a 
Paper Maker with manv other branches that would not be prostrated; the researches ot the 
Mineralogist, & the Chemist would, be palsied without their aid, and even the Science ot Medicme 
would receive a shock, were thev stricken out of the list of Formula. 

5th. In time of Peace the Crude Materials can be had as abundantly & as cheap in 
America as in England & therefore the progress of the Manufactory will be regular & Steady. 

6th. .And'the establishment of this Elaboratory holds forth an inducement to seek in 
our own soil those productions for which we now send our money abroad to import. ^ 

After stating these facts accompanied by testimonials so respectable as are subjoined, 
your Memorialist would not offer anv further remarks were it not for the purpose of drawing 
your attention to the only objects for which he solicits your protection; his Manufactory at 
present embraces upwards' of Twentv Articles of more or less importance; — Oil of Vitriol, -Aqua 
Fortis, Marine Acid, Blue Vitriol are exempt from duty it is for these only he asks the protection 
of Government; presuming that the fostering aid which has been afforded to other Manufac- 
turers was predicated upon the impossibilitv of procuring their supplies in any other way than 
by importation from foreign places, your NIemorialist since that causeis removed by his estab- 
lishment conceives that he is as justly entitled to vour interference in his behalf. , • , , 

Y'our Memorialist therefore respectfully requests that the principles upon which the 
Articles enumerated were exempted from duty by Law, should be examined, & if his opinion on 
the subject be correct, in addition to the danger to which he is exposed by the Monopolizing 
habits of the British Manufacturers he trusts vour honorable Body will deem the subject ot 
sufficient importance to claim vour serious consideration, & that you will by Law direct such 
duty to be Collected, on the Importation of the Articles specified as to you shall seem meet. 
' John Harrison ■ 

' From the original paper in the State Department, Washington, D. C. 

[ 20 ] 

):, T>i. •■i •■^ iJ., 

Priestley Lodge," residence of John Harrison, Frankford Road, 

From photograph in The Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

' i 

i ; 


.7(C-» -'S-H' 



The importance of Sulphuric Acid, commonly called oil or spirit of vitriol, in medicine 
Mcachins:, caliro-priiuinc;. dyinj;, dressing Morroco leather — and in various other arts and Manu- 
factures already introduced here, and of vast utility, renders its production at home a matter 
of commensurate consideration. 

I certify that with Mr. Joseph Clay, and Doctor Barton, I have this day compared several 
s[iecimcn3 of the above acid prepared by Mr. John Harrison of this city, with some of the best 
kind imported from Britain — and that Mr. Harrison's was not only more pure, but somewhat 
exceeded the strength and spccilic gravity of the liritish. 

We also examined his Xitrous and muriatic acids, which, besides several other uses, 
are necessary in the Management of Metals and their ores — and were satisfied that his acids, 
c<iualled or rather surpassed these articles of forei5;n Manufacture. His Sulphate of Copper 
was the first we have seen. Further, I declare, that during several years in my practice as a 
physician, I have employed the oxy-Muriate of Mercury, or Corrosive Sublimate; the Mild 
Muriate of Mercury, or Calomel, & tartarised antimony or emetic tartar, made by Mr. Harrison, 
with continued cause of confidence, and that I believe all his chemical medicines to be correctly 

James Reynolds, M. D. 
Philadelphia, Feby. 12th, 1S03. 

PHrL.vDELPHiA 22nd February, ISOS. 
At the request of Mr. John Harrison of Philadelphia, we have carefully examined speci- 
mens of the Oil of Vitriol, Aqua Fortis, the Marine Acid, Calomel, Corrosive Sublimate, and 
Blue X'itriol of his manufacture, and compared them with specimens of the same Articles im- 
ported from Great Britain: And we have no hesitation in declaring that some of the former are 
Buperior, and none of them inferior in quality to the Articles with which they were compared. 

R. Patterson ■ 
■'-■■'. Benj. Rlsii' 

■' ' ' Joseph Cloud J 

Joseph Rich.\rdson.< 

At the desire of Mr. John Harrison of Philadelphia, I have examined specimens of the 
Oil of Vitriol, Aqua Fortis, Marine Acid, Calomel, Corrosive Sublimate & Blue N'itriol Manu- 
factured by him & have compared them, with specimens of the same articles Imported from 
Great Brittain, I have no hesitation in declaring that all the above articles of Mr. Harrison's 
Manufacture, are equal, & some of them superior in quality to those of Brittish Manufacture. 
Be.s-jamin Smith Barton, M. D..s 
Professor of Materia Medica, Natural History and Botany, 
in the University of Pennsylvania. 
PhiUda. Feby. 24, ISOS. 

Mr. John Harrison having requested our opinion of the Blue Vitriol Manufactured by 
him in this City, it will afford us pleasure if we can contribute to recommend his useful estab- 
lishment by certifying — that we have made use of the Blue \'itriol and have found it fully equal 
in quality and purity to the best, and superior to some we have used manufactured in London. 

Caldcleugh & Thomas.' 
Philadelphia, March 3, 1808. 

The Subscribers having used in the course of their business as Calico Printers very large 
quantities of Oil of Vitriol & Blue Vitriol manufactured by John Harrison of Philadelphia articles 
which are of great consequence to them do declare that we have found them in every respect 
equal to Brittish Articles of the same denomination. 

John Thoburn ' 
Philadelphia, March 3, ISOS. John Hewson, Jr.' 

'."Robert Patterson, professor of mathematics, director of the Mint of the U. S., and University 
yard, north apartments, south Ninth near High." (Philadelphia Directory of 1809.) 

' Dr. Rush, then professor of the theory and practice of physic and of clinical medicine, resided 
at 98 South Front Street. 

• Joseph Cloud, refiner in the Mint, 247 Mulberry f.^rch) Street. 

'Joseph Richardson, assayer in the Mint, near 357 High (Market) Street. 
I I'r. Barton at that time lived at 241 Chestnut Street. 

* Caldcleugh & Thomas, stationers and manufacturers of paper hangings, located at 66 and 

68 Chestnut Street. 
j John Thoburn, merchant, 6 North Third Street. 
John Hewson, Jr., merchant, 7 South Third Street. 


I have sold larpe quantities of the blue or (Roman Vitriol) and have reason to bclitve 
that it is equal to any of the imported. 

Bennett Dorsey." 
Philadelphia, 3 mo., 3, ISOS. 

I do certify that on the 12th day of Fcby. last I examined in Company with Doctors 
Barton & Reynolds Specimens of Sulphuric acid or oil of Vitriol, Roman vitriol. Muriatic and 
Nitric acids, and otiier articles of Chemical manufacture, made by Mr. John Harrison of Phila- 
delphia; the different articles were carefully compared with similar products of the British 
laboratories, and I have no hesitation to declare that as far as I am able to judge the specimens 
produced by Mr. Harrison were in no case inferior, and in some instances superior in quality 
to the British. 

Joseph Cl.\y. 
Washington, March 1-lth, ISOS. 

I hereby certify, that I have examined the Sulphuric Nitric and Muriatic .'\cid, the Blue 
Vitriol, Corrosive Sublimate and Calomel, manufactured by Mr. John Harrison, and that they 
are equal in quality, to those articles imported, from foreign countries. 

James Woodiiouse, M. D.' 
Professor of Chemistry in the 
University of Pennsylvania. 

Letter from John H.\rrison to TnoM.\s Jefferson, President of the United States.' 

Phil.^da., Nov. 1, ISOS. 

Resp'd Friend: — .As the period is approaching when the great National Council is to 
assemble for the purpose of deliberating upon the affairs of our country I trust I shall not be 
considered as intruding improperly on your time and patience, or of interfering officiously with 
the government of my country by selecting you as the proper person to whom I ought to com- 
municate such facts and reasonings relative to the subject of this communication as in detail 
would be too desultory for a Memorial to Congress and I do it with the more freedom because 
it appears to me that you are the constitutional organ thro' whom Congress are from time to 
time to receive information. 

The present is a crisis which most assuredly invites our attention to every subject how- 
ever minute that will have a tendency to lessen our dependence upon foreign nations and con- 
sequently decrease their influence in our country: Manufactures embracing not only articles 
of luxury but most of those which are necessary to our comfort and convenience we have been 
in the habit of receiving from abroad; this habit has become so familiar to us from the facility 
of exchanging our own native productions, for the productions of their arts, that we seem not 

to have discovered there is a sufficiency of genuine talent, energy and capital in our country 

to supply all those wants, but believing as I do that we possess these requisite qualifications to 
the fullest extent, in what are we deficient except the mere modus operandi? and how soon is this 
to be acquired under the fostering hand of government? Europe is defiending upon us for many. 
of the raw materials necessary to their manufactures, we are dependent upon Europe for many 
of the raw materials that would be es^^ential to our manufactures were we extensively engaged 
in them. One part of Europe is dependent upon another for an exchange of raw materials, in 
this there is a fair reciprocity, let us obtain from them, the native productions, in exchange for 
ours and we shall find the balance of trade greatly in our favor. 

Manufactures of every kind require long time and assiduous application aided by a 
knowledge of the particular branch and a sufficiency of capital to bring them to perfection, the 
question then is does the citizen, who uniting these various means, and who thro' his individual 
exertions has brought to perfection an important manufacture deserve the support and coun- 
tenance of his government? 

Anticipating your answer I shall proceed to a statement of facts relating to the manu- 
facture in which 1 am engaged. .After mentioning that I presented a Memorial to Congress on 
this subject, at their last session accompanied by a number of documents relating to the quality 
of the different articles which was referred to the Committee of Commerce & Manufacture but 
has not since been acted upon, this may have been occasioned by the peculiar situation of our 
country exciting at that time an uncommon feeling for the wrongs that had been done us and 
an anxious solicitude to obtain suitable reparation for the insult offered to our National Honor 
and Independence; but it appears to one that there is an improper association of duties in that 
Committee, for hitherto the Commercial and Manufacturing Interests have been at variance 

' Benedict Dorsey, grocer, 3 and 5 South Third Street. 

' Dr. Woodhouse resided at 26 Sansom Street. 

J From the original in the State Department, Washington, D. C. 


ni,r\-''-.) -II »iild ...(! lo '.ji-'iinc. 

:i. o; t,';u).v; 4J 

80? i .W^t i::a!;?/ 

Thomas Harrison, 1S05-1900. 
From photograph owned by 
Mrs. Gcorjie Leib Harrison. 



''''\y C"v''- 




f* a 



'^'^ ,:n 


and must remain so until manufactures are more generally established here and the course of 
trade so far changed as to afford our merchants other means of obtaininc returns for their ex- 
ports, I therefore think it would be an act of etiual justice to separate the two objects, giving 
to each dcscri[nion of citizens the same opiuirtunity of being heard and attended to and what 
is of as much importance as an act of policy the separation of them at this period would shew 
to foreign governments our determination to learn to do without them; permit me with the 
s^ime freedom to suggest to you the propriety of noticing the subject of manufactures in \our 
Message to Congress at the opening of the Session, with the view of directing their attention 
specially to that object. 

Ill the year 1793-4, I commenced a series of experiments for the preparation of Sulphuric, 
Nitric and Muriatic Acids on a practical scale, in this attempt I succeeded so far as to prepare 
them to the utmost perfection but the high price of the crude materials (Sulphur and Salt Petre) 
the want of sutTicient demand and the easy intercourse with dt. Britain from whence we obtained 
our supplies occasioned me to abandon the undertaking tho' at considerable loss and from that 
I time until 180-t I continued in my profession as a chemist, content with preparing such of them 

1 as were necessary for the supply of my immediate customers'. — at this period believing the 

I consumption of the United States to be sufficient for the support of such an undertaking, I re- 

■) linquislied my business and devoted the whole of my attention to this important subject, in order 

i to perform it with effect both capital and enterprise were requisite. 1 employed 55000 in the 

[ construction of apparatus alone which had I failed in my endeavours would not have produced 

j me 52000, but I succeeded. It of course became necessary the works should be increased for 

> the purpose of doing business upon a large scale, because I could not expect the support of the 

J senders, or consumers of those articles unless I could give them assurances of my ability to 

supply all their wants. I consequently enlarged them to such an extent as I believe to be fully 
equal to the supply of the whole United States as I have never yet had demand for more than 
one fourth of the quantity I am capable of producing. I have since added to my establishment 
the different preparations of Mercury, Antimony, Copper and many other articles of lesser 
consequence and I have employed as a capital about 540,000. 

In my Memorial to Congress presented at last Session I asked a protecting duty on 
those articles only which are at present free viz Oil of Vitriol, Muriatic .Acid, Nitrous Acid and 
Hlue Vitriol, and I did it with the more confidence because I knew I could supply the whole 
demands at prices as low as the importer provided there was no unfair means employed to destroy 
my undertaking and because the raw materials were at that time subject to dut\ — these viz 
Sulphur, Salt Petre, and unmanufactured Copper are by a late law exempt from duty but I de- 
rive no benefit from this since those articles have nearly doubled in cost, while 1 am com- 
l polled to adhere to my original prices in consequence of the market being constantly supplied 

. with them from Britain, in most instances of late date, by great additions to the orders, 

! or by shipments made without order evidently occasioned by their knowledge of my estab- 

} lishment and their determination to effect its destruction in its infancy. 

I It must be evident to you that the country will sustain great loss, should there be any 

I discouragement of real talent and enterprise at this time or should there appear on the part of 

{ the government an indisposition to give suitable protection after the experience we have had of 

f the necessity of a complete independence of manufactures, I shall therefore not dwell on this 

> subject, confident that in you it will meet with the consideration due to its great importance, 

I but I beg leave to notice tliat those articles, before enumerated, were exempt from duty in con- 

i sequence of their great importance to other manufactures, but since a complete and ample supply 

t can be had here lower than imported, on a fair competition the necessity of this exemption appears 

t to me to cease. 

! It now remains for me to shew the causes which have occasioned the establishment so 

f long to remain unproductive, from which I trust it will be seen that I have a fair and honorable 

j claim upon the interference of government in favour of a manufacture which as a collateral branch 

I is all important to the country and which without their aid must inevitably be suspended, how 

t s<xpn another might rise upon its ruins, is not for me to say, but as numerous unsuccessful 

attempts have been made, should this fail I fear the want of those articles would be sen- 
sibly felt. The means employed to discourage or destroy attempts at manufacturing in 
this country may be classed under two general heads: 1st Foreign, 2nd Domestic — the first 
consists in the perfection to which every species of manufactures has been brought in Europe 
arising in part from the great consumption, by which they are enabled to make a judicious ar- 
rangement of the various parts, — and from the cheapness occasioned by one manufacture aiding 
another, not only in the real produce of the manufacture but in many of their cast off materials 
or Caput Mortrums, large quantities of which are collected and worked over again to advantage 
or employed as auxiliaries in other branches but the aid which the governments afford may be 
Considered not the least important, for in Britain from whence we import the greatest variety 
of goods and to whom we are the best customers, drawbacks or bounties are allowed on almost 
every article of export, the manufacture of which they deem important to preserve to them- 
selves, and of so much consequence do they con-ider it that wherever attempts have been made 
to establish them in other countries they have always been found ready to assist their subjects 


in their endeavours to crush tliem. Even Oil of Vitriol since my establishment has become entitled 
to a bounty of 7 per cent, per Cwt. on e\|>i)rt notwithstanding; it pays no duty in this country. 
I cannot conceive that the mere protection of that article can be considered of so much con- 
sequence, because in its yireparation it consumes no product of their own isle and employs bvit 
few hands, nor does it yield anything to the government itself; tis true the East India Company 
are benefitted by the consumption of tl\e Salt Petrc employed, and their ships obtain ballast 
from the Mediterranean by bringing Sulphur instead of stones, but the secret is that every im- 
portant and useful manufacture, particularly in clothing, such as bleaching, dyeing, calico 
printing, hatting and in pajier making and working in metals, is eminently promoted if not ab- 
solutely dependent on this article for their excellence and as that country has almost e\clusi\ely 
made it for export and so cheap as to answer those great national purposes, it is considered an 
object by the government to keep it in their own hands. The manufacturer then, aided by the 
government, with greater security increases his exports and by a combination of numbers and 
consequently of capital is enabled to overstock our market, while the American manufacturer 
has the mortification to brood over the unproductive result of his labor, his talent and his capital 
and for what? To nurture foreign manufactures, for so soon as we are prostrated their produc- 
tions advance in a ratio that soon repays them for the first sacrifice; many examples of this 
might be mentioned but 1 shall content myself with noticing one which came more immediately 
under my own observation: Chris'r and Charles Marshall about the year 17S7 established upon 
a very e.\ tensive scale works for the preparations of Sal Amoniac, Glaubers Salts and Spirits of 
Hartshorn, they succeeded perfectly; so soon as this became known in England, Glaubers Salts, 
a very principal article was sent out in considerable quantity and interfered materially with 
their sales. This induced them to apply to Congress for a protecting duty which was granted 
and instead of an adequate ad valorem duty — a specific duty of two dollars per cwt. was im- 
posed; no sooner was this known to the powerful manufacturer of England than the article was 
sent out in most instances without being ordered in immense quantities at a price reduced from 
32 sterling to 10 per cwt. with liberty to the consignees, if the quantity was greater than they 
wished, to sell it at auction for the benefit of the shippers, by this means the country became 
overstocked and Marshall gave up the business after ha\ing sunk a large sum of money, and as 
soon as the stock became reduced the article rose in England to S-10. per cwt. Their operator 
is now following the trade of a banker in one of the Western counties of this state. Glaubers 
Salt is now made here to the exclusion of Brittish. I may also add that since I have been engaged 
in manufactures many of the articles have been reduced in price in England so far as respects 
their shipments to this country and Oil of \ itriol has been sent out in much larger quantities 
than ordered and in some instances without order on the plea of a considerable reduction in 
price, while we know that Sulphur and Xitre, the materials employed in its manufacture had 
advanced, from whence we may fairly infer that the reduction in price, etc. was the result of a 
plan formed for the destruction of a similar manufacture here. 

The obstacles which present themselves to an American manufacturer from domestic 
causes appears to me to consist of prejudices in favor of foreign goods, arising from our intimate 
acquaintance with the nature and quality of them, the certainty of always obtaining them in 
sulificient quantities to answer our purposes, at prices that had become familiar to us, the in- 
fluence of fashion in articles of dress, and the fear that American productions would not prove 
equal to those we had been accustomed to, there ha\-ing been few opportunities of making a fair 
comparison; but there is another and more powerful operative against them, the American im- 
porter may be considered as the medium thro' which the American consumer is supplied with 
foreign productions, to him it is unimportant what those articles cost, so long as they are pro- 
cured from a foreign market, because his profits arise from a percentage charged on that cost 
and the higher the charge the greater quantum of profits results on a given quantity, hence the 
indifference and in too many instances the hostility of those intermediate agents or senders to 
the introduction of manufactures among ourselves, for say they, whenever a manufacture is 
established equal to the supply of our wants, the consumer can go to the fountain head and 
we lose our profits: — This is also aided by the residence among us of agents of foreign manu- 
facturing houses, whose influence is increased by their apparent liberality in the extension of 
credit, where occasions prevent showing some prospective advantages is where the urgency 
of the importer requiring such indulgence feels the necessity of sacrificing his independence to 
his circumstances. 

Some of the obser\-ations in this letter you will perceive have a general application, while 
others apply particularly to my own concerns. I will not deny that my own have had a pre- 
ponderating influence, tho' I can assure you with the utmost truth, that I have always con- 
sidered the more general introduction of manufactures as essential to our happiness and that 
this consideration was ray principal inducement for engaging in my present undertaking. 

With best wishes for your present and future happiness, I am, 
Very Respectfully, 

Your Friend, 

JoHM Harrison. 


Michael Leib Harrison. 1S07-1SS1. 
From photograph owned by 
Thomas Skelton Harrison. 






^*-"---TT-'niii-i,iii-iW'';i-i'iirii*f^'='^-^*--'^if^"^-''''"'-^ — .>.-^-. ■■,:.:.,. ^.a- 

riViM'ia'rti*-~i — -"•'■-'■'■"- 

PllILADA. Fcbv. 10, 1S09. 
Dr. Bfnj. Say/ 

Ktsr. Friend; — As I luwo n.n \. t |i, r.( i\cd by the public prints thai my memorial to 
Congress presented at last session h - ' ■ < ': I up & having already had some conversation 
with you on the subject, I take th^' i . \ -■ . : i. -^tin!; your attention to it as soon as a favour- 
able opportunity offers. I feel I c( iiiK - ;,:ii. i. itude at present because 1 think the present 
CnniTress actuated by a lil)cral & eiih-^iiiiiud j.-ilicy will be disposed to foster domestic Manu- 

f.irtures as one means of lessenin:^ our dependence upon foreign Countries, wherever it can be 
dnne witliout a manifest injury to the Country or to the revenues of the Government; — as I 
am satisfied in this particular ca.^e, it will be admitted on all hands the Country will not only 
sustain no injury, but will actually be benefitted by such an establislmient, inasmuch as all the 
articles are important to the progress of most other manufactures 1 shall say nothing on this 
head, & with respect to revenue it is only necessary to ob^erve none is derived from them as they 
are admitted free of duty, & consequently no injury can result to the Government in granting 
me a protection. 

In my memorial (which is in possession of the Committee of Commerce & Manufactures) 
> you will find the subject treated rather more in detail than I think it necessary to do here, & in 

! a communication which I took the liberty of making to the President which no doubt you can 

! readily obtain you will find it treated pretty much at large. Should any points suggest them- 

\ selves to you as important, if you will be good enough to state them to me. I shall be much obliged 

I & will afford every information in my power — it may not be amiss to state as my opinion that a 


he duty would be the best suited to the occasion, for vou know that ad valorem du 


evaded where there is a disposition to do it by reducing the price of the article & charging 
! the reduction on the freight, or some other cliarges that are not subject to duties. 

\ I have felt considerable delicacy in obtruding myself upon Congress earlier, owing to the 

i Rrcat and important matters constantly occupying their attention, but could no longer defer 

I performing a duty wh. I owed to myself, since every day shews me the necessity of something 

f being done by the Govt, to protect the Manufacturer from the all powerful rivalship of the 

[ britlish manufacturer. 

? I am very respectfully your fr. 

iJouN Harrison. 
A line from you will much oblige me. 

The "Embargo Act" was repealed March 1, .1809, and a non- 
intcrcoursc act passed that only applied' to England' and France. 
Congress later imposed new and increased duties on many foreign 

John Harrison's laboratory on Green Street was destroyed by 
fire, May 14, 1809, and in consequence he removed "away out of 
town," as it was then considered, near the Frankford Road, where 
Huntingdon Street crosses Second. In the director}- of 1813 appears, 
"John Harrison, chemist, first gate, Frankford road." In later years 
the direction was given, "Frankford road near Orange Street." " 

In his report presented to Congress, April 27, 1810, Albert 
Gallatin, Secretar>- of the Treasur\-, said: "About 200,000 pounds of 
oil of vitriol and other acids are annually manufactured in a single 
establishment in Philadelphia." This undoubtedly referred to the 
laboratory of John Harrison, as in the Census of 1810 only one labora- 
tor\- for the manufacturing of nitre, borax, brimstone, etc., is 

Dr. Say at this time a member of the House of Representatives, from Pennsylvania; 
.^n'lrew Gregg and Dr. Michael Leib, the Senators. 

The location was west of Frankford Road and Front Street, south of Berks, near where the 
present Harrison and Filler Streets cross, in the Eighteenth Ward of the City of Phila- 
delphia. The History of Philadelphia, Scharf and Westcott, Volume HI, p. 2273. 
Philadelphia and Its Manufactures. 


reported, and that in the county of Philadelphia, wliere his plant was 
tlien located. 

Of the credit due to John Harrison in the growth of Kensiui:;- 
ton and the northeastern section of Piiiladelphia, Townsend Ward 
wrote: "The region to the east and west of this upper part of Second 
Street, from Brown Street northwardly, is so filled with factories 
as to arrest the attention of a visitor. It may be that this is, in a 
considerable degree, the result of a successful business long pursued 
by one family, and thus John Harrison demands some notice. . . . 
Sulphuric acid is the most important chemical of the arts; but being 
an article that cannot easily bear transportation, on account of the 
necessity to pack it in glass and the consequent danger of breakage, 
other industries requiring it must gather around the works where 
the needful article is made. Towards them, therefore, are drawn 
the textile manufacturer, who needs to have his yarns bleached or 
dyed; the paper manufacturer; the iron worker; the button manu- 
facturer; the galvanizer; the calico printer; the manufacturer of 
colors, of white lead, who uses vinegar distilled from wood, as well 
as a host of others. So diversified a manufacturing population 
attracts to itself other industries not so intimately dependent on 
the acid, but which require the skilled workmen who abound in such 
a region. . . . We can now easily understand Leibig when he 
says, ' The quantity of sulphuric acid made in a country' is a sure 
index to its wealth and prosperity,' and also appreciate the value of 
the labour of John Harrison when it is considered that he saw this 
article sold at seventy-five cents the pound, while his sons have seen 
it sold for one and a half cents the pound." ^ 

In 1831 John Harrison admitted his sons Thomas and Michael 
Harrison, into co-partnership, the firm then becoming John Harrison 
& Sons. On the death of John Harrison in 1833, his son, George 
Leib Harrison, became a member of the firm, then known as Harrison 
Brothers, and so continued until 1845, when George L. Harrison 
retired to become associated with Powers & Weightman. Joshua 
Lippincott was admitted into partnership in the last named year, 
the establishment assuming its present title of Harrison Brothers 
& Company. In 1855 Mr. Lippincott retired, when John, son of 
Michael Leib Harrison, and George L. Harrison, Jr., son of Thomas 
Harrison, were admitted to the firm. Thomas Skelton Harrison, son 
of Michael Leib Harrison, became a member in 1865. On January 
1, 1877, Thomas and Michael Leib Harrison retired from business, 
leaving it entirely to their sons John, Thomas S., and George L. 
Harrison, Jr. 

Magazine, Volume IV, pp. 183, 184. 

rrn.-ri ,Vrniii 

Benjamin P. Hunt, 1808-1877. 

From photograph owned b>- 

Mrs. Robert A. Semple. 


Mrs. Benjamin P. Hunt, 

nee Adelaide Louisa Harrison, 1814-1882. 

From photograph owned by 

Mrs. Robert A. Semple. 

*«S>. JLa^ i'%. 

'-^ h 

About the year 1S66, the present works on the Schuylkill at 
Gray's Ferr>- were begun, but the Kensington factory was operated 
until 1S72, when it was conducted by the \\'estern White Lead and 
Chemical Company, under the control of Harrison Brothers & 
Compan}-, who gradually transferred the various processes to the 
more modern establishment at Gray's Fern,', and finally disposed 
of their interest in the old factor\- in 1SS7. The Gray's Ferr>- plant 
covers over thirty acres, half of which space is occupied by buildings.^ 

John Harrison found time for other than his business affairs. 
He was captain of the Sixth Company in the Third Battalion of 
Philadelphia Militia in 1792.- This Battalion was commanded by 
Lieutenant-Colonel Peter Paris. On March 23, 1796, he was elected 
a member of the renowned "Schuvlkill Fishing Company of the 
State in Schuylkill." ^ 

In 1821 he was elected Recorder of the City and County of 
Philadelphia, and occupied the office until 1824.'' His commission 
is in possession of his grandson, Provost Charles C. Harrison. He 
was elected a member of the first Board of Managers of the Franklin 
Institute, February 16, 182-1. 

John Harrison was married by Bishop White, in Christ Church, 
Philadelphia, No\ember 27, 1802, to Lydia Leib,^ daughter of John 
George and ?»Iargaret .Dorothy Leib, and sister of Dr. Michael Leib, 
Senator of the LTnited States and Postmaster of Philadelphia. She 
was born in Philadelphia, January 15, 1777. 

John Harrison's mansion house, "Priestley Lodge," was on 
Frankford Road, near the chemical works. It was afterwards, for 
many years, the residence of his son-in-law, Benjamin P. Hunt. He 
died July 19, 1833, and is buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia. 

This notice of his death appeared in Poulson's America ?i Daily 
Advertiser, Philadelphia, Thursday morning, July 25, 1833: 

"The remark that death is always, in a manner sudden and 
that friends, although warned by protracted disease, are never fully 
prepared for the dread hour of final separation from a beloved 
object, has been fully verified, by the recent death of the lamented 
John Harrison, Esquire of Kensington. Continued indisposition, 
so trying in the active and enterprising, (and the deceased was 
eminently so,) and which so often renders them gloomy and des- 
pondent, his strong and philosophic mind enabled him to endure, 
with more than ordinary' patience and cheerfulness. Those who 

' I am indebted to my cousin, Thomas Skelton Harrison, for much of the foregoing information 
concerning the history and development of John Harrison's chemical laboratory. — W. W. H. 

* Pennsylvania Archives, Sbith Series, Volume IV, p. 6S. 

' A History of the Schuylkill Fishing Company of the State in Schuylkill (1S89), pp. 340, 375. 
' Martin's Bench and Bar of Philadelphia, p. 106. 

• Poulson's American Daily Advertiser, November 30, 1802. 


-"": : ( 

knew Mr. Harrison in earlier da>-s, ere debility had circumscribed 
his usefulness, will remember him as an enterprising and scientific 
manufacturer, a highl)- intelligent and useful citizen, a firm friend, 
and a public spirited and honorable gentleman. What were his 
domestic virtues, the sincere and poignant grief of his bereaved 
family too plainly indicates. He was, indeed, an affectionate and 
devoted husband, a fond and indulgent father; -and though time 
may abate the sufferings of the afflicted, it will never efface from 
their minds, the remembrance of his virtues. W." 

In 1892 the John Harrison Laborator\' of Chemistrj', of the 
University of Pennsylvania, was erected as a memorial to him by 
his grandsons, Charles C. Harrison, Alfred C. Harrison and William 
W. Harrison. 


I John Harrison of the County of Philadelphia, White Lead Manufacturer & Operative 
Chemist, considering the Uncertainty of human Life & being of sound mind & Memory, do 
make this my last Will & Testament as follows: 

Imprimis, I give & bequeath to my beloved Wife Lydia all my household furniture & 
goods of every description in her own absolute right which to save trouble of appraisment I 
value at fifteen hundred dollars. 

2nd As there is no copartnership existing between my Sons Thomas & Michael Leib 
Harrison & myself wlio now conduct the business for me & as my works are built ufion ground 
held in trust by ray friends Robert Brooke & Samuel C. Cooper for the use of my said bclo\ed 
Wife Lydia & her Heirs as will more fully appear by reference to the deed recorded in Deed 
Book I-H-.\o— Page— . - 

Now it is my Will and desire that immediately after my decease the business of Manu- 
facturing White Lead & other articles as now Manufactured by me may be conducted by my 
said Sons Thomas & Michael Leib Harrison in the same manner & for the same purposes as if 
I were still living viz the Mutual advantage of my said beloved wife Lydia & my heirs respec- 
tively: the said Thomas and M. Leib Harrison to receive as in compensation for their services 

in this respect the sum of Dollars out of the Profits of the said Manufacture but, should 

my said beloved Wife Lydia intermarry Then her proportion of the profits to cease & determine 
as there cannot be a division of the property upon which the Works stand or any part thereof 
without detriment to the whole, it is my will & desire that should my daughter Caroline Leib 
Wife of Thomas Jefferson Leib prefer it that she be paid semi-annually her share of the Profits 
arising therefrom, it being always understood that the debts due by her at the time of my de- 
cease be pro\-ided for out of the profits & to be paid at the time they respectively become due, 
the Ballance to be considered the profits upon the whole Concern. 

And further it is my Will & desire that the education of my two Minor Children George 
Leib Harrison & .-Xdelaid Louisa Harrison should be perfected upon the same plan as it is now 
progressing & I especially enjoin it upon my Executors to see that this injunction be complied 


Executrix, Lydia Harrison, Executors, Thomas Harrison & Mich' Leib Harrison. 

Should I not have time to compleat this will I wish it to be considered as mv will as far 
as it go« John Harrison. 

Philadelphia, .August 19th 1833. Then personally Appeared Isaac Elliott & Samuel C. 
Cooper &_on their solemn Affirmations do Say that they were acquainted with John Harrison the 
Testator in the foregoing Will named in his life time & are acquainted with his hand writing 
haying seen him write his name as well as other matters, that they have viewed the foregoing 
Will & that as well the body thereof as the signature "John fjarrison" subscribed thereto 
are all of the proper hand writing of him the said John Harrison, to the best of their knowledge 
& belief. Isaac Elliott 

Affirmed & subscribed before me Sam. C. Cooper. 

the date above 
J. B. Sew.\ll, Depy Register." 

• Philadelphia Will N'o. 126 of 1833; Will Book 11, p. 16. Copied from the original instrument, 
which is incomplete. 



Arms used by George Leib Harrison 
of Philadelphia. 


Lydia Leib Harrison, widow of John Harrison, died in Phila- 
delphia, November 15, 1861, and was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery, 


1. Caroline Matilda Harrison, born September 23, 1S03; dieri February 23, 1893; 

married by Bishop William White of Penns\lvania, at "Prie5tley Lodge," 
June 19, 1S3S, to Thomas letTcrson Leib. He was appointed a Midshipman 
m the United States Navv. September 1, ISll; Lieutenant, April :S, 1826; 
Commander, March 30, 1S44; died July U, 1851, aged 48 years; buried in 
1^-iurel Hill Cemetery." 

2. THOM.A.S Harrison, born April 1. ISO.S; died -April 8, 1900. Married Sarah Richard 

Crosbv, born December 15, 1814; died November 27, 1902. Both buried in 
All Saints' Church, Torresdale, Pennsylvania. 

3. Michael Leib Harrison, born April 3, 1807; died June 9, ISSl. Married first, at 

the home of Mark Richards in Philadelphia, by the Rector of St. Peter's 
Church, March 20, 1833, Virginia Thomas Skelton Johnston,' born August 
22, 1814; died November 26, 1870, daughter of Thomas Skelton Johnston of 
Fredericksburg, Virginia, by his wife, Hannah Knerr of Philadelphia. Michael 
Leib Harrison married second. Anne T. Rothrock, who died 1905. .All buried 
in Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia. 

4. Sar.\h Ann Harrison, died aged eleven years; buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery- 

5. John Edmund Harrison, died aged two years; buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery. 

6. GEORGE LEIB HARRISON, born October 28, ISll; died September 9, 1SS5; 

married first. June 8, 1841, Sarah Ann Waples; married second, October 16, 
1856, Letitia Henry Mitchell. 

7. Adelaide Louisa Harrison, born February 5, 1S14; married in St. John's P. E. 

Church, Northern Liberties, August 4, 1850, Benjamin P. Hunt, born May 
18, ISOS; "for a number of years American Consul at Port au Prmce, Hayti, 
where he acquired a full knowledge of the negro character and the advan- 
tages of the West India Islands. Mr. Hunt was an early Abolitionist and 
was prominent in movements connected with the opposition to slavery." ' 
He died February 2, 1877. His widow, Adelaide, died November 6, 1882. 
Both buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery. 

8. Cornelia Custis Harrison, born 1816; died May 13, 1824. "Died yesterday, the 

13th inst. after a short illness, Cornelia Custus Harrison, youngest daughter 
of John Harrison, Esq. The friends and acquaintances of the family are 
invited to attend the funeral, from her father's dwelling, Frankford Road at 
3 o'clock, this afternoon, without further notice."'' Buried in Laurel Hill 

GEORGE LEIB HARRISON, LL.D. (Univ. of Penna.), of 
Philadelphia, President of the Board of Public Charities, son of John 
Harrison and Lvdia Leib, was born in Philadelphia, October 28, 

'"Married at Priestlev Lodge, on Thursdav evening, the 19th 'inst. by the Right Rev. Bishop 
White, Lieut. Thomas lerferson Leib of the U. S. Navy, to Miss Caroline Matilda, Daughter 
of John Harrison, Esq"." Poulson's American Dailv Advertiser, June 21, 1828. 
List of Officers of the Xavy of the United States. E. Callahan, New York, 1901, p. 328. 

' Register of St. Peter's Church, Philadelphia. 

I Philadelphia Sunday Dispatch, February 4, 1877. 

' Poulson's American Daily Advertiser, May 14, 1824. 

[ 29 ] • . 

1811. He was educated chiefly in the Academies of Benjamin 
Tucker anil the Rev. Dr. Wylie, and was prepared for college by 
the latter. He entered the Freshman Class of Harvard University 
in 1828, but at the close of a year ill health prevented his return, 
and he was advised to try a residence in the West. Inconsequence, 
he visited his uncle Judge Leib, near Detroit. Judge Leib was of 
the United States Court in Michigan, and had formerly been a 
member of the Philadelphia Bar. 

Upon his return to Philadelphia in 1830, George Leib Harrison 
entered the law offices of Joseph R. IngersoU, Esquire. He was 
admitted to the Bar, May 15, 1833, but his father's death at this 
time altered Mr. Harrison's plans. Circumstances required that he 
enter the latter's business, and to this he now devoted his entire 
attention, as a member of the firm of Harrison Brothers. 

He was invited to become a member of the firm of Powers & 
Weightman in 1849, the firm name being changed to Powers, Weight- 
man & Harrison. Under his management their chemical enter- 
prise at the Falls of Schuylkill was enlarged, and he continued 
in the business several years. 

George Leib Harrison established his sons in the Franklin 
Sugar Refinery, as mentioned in the sketch of his son, Charles C. 
Harrison. From 1863 until his death in 1885, he devoted himself 
very earnestly to the advancement of their business, although he 
never was a member of the firm. 

The following mention of George L. Harrison, from Townsend 
Ward's North Second Street and Its Associations, is interesting 
in recalling some of the customs of old Philadelphia: 

"On the 21st of July, 1768, Council agreed that chains be 
made and put up across Market Street and Second Street, about 
sixty feet from the intersection of the streets, so as to prevent 
carts and other carriages passing thro' the market on market days, 
to be taken down at nine o'clock in the morning in Summer and 
ten in W^inter. It was perhaps from this e.\ample that afterwards 
some of the churches resorted to the same mode of blockading travel, 
to sanction which an Act of Assembly was passed about 1799, though 
the measure was opposed by so considerable a person as Robert 
Ralston. The practice was continued until less than half a century 
ago, when it was prohibited by another Act of Assembly, brought 
about in this wise. On a Sunday morning Mr. George L. Harrison 
drove into town to obtain a physician for some dying member of his 
father's family. In attempting to return home, street after street 
was found to be closed against them, and much precious time was 
consequently lost. A narration of the occurrence was written by a 
friend and sent to the late Jesse R. Burden, then in the Senate, who 
immediately secured the act of prohibition." 


'' •'•'A J I oj;-.: :]:--^ nifi --.l: A {'61 

,'!i:.>.J '"•;J-'(;> :;ijiiij ^^iri \i-j^i?A'/ oA 
If. :r. :•-;<.._) y-.Uii^ h'jS'iii'J -jiii 

:■:>.,] : ■ - ''r''- ■-.:! ■:•■'<' ' ^r.jn'> 

Residence of George Leib Harrison (1843-1850), 
927 Pine Street, Philadelphia. 



I! .H"' 






<, ^•>^: 


f '1>*^, 

j LL 

4:^ i 



^^^_^S*i^% U IJp^ 

In 1877, while his citv home was at 1618 Locust Street, 1 hila- 
delphia, George Leib Harrison was one of a number of citizens con- 
cerned in a pecuHar lawsuit. In June, 1876, four large bells had 
been placed in the tower of St. Mark's Episcopal Church, on Locust 
Street west of Sixteenth. These bells were "rung regularly before 
eich and ever^• service of the church, on each and ever>' day of 
cver>' week, and continuously for a period of between ten minutes 
and half an hour at each of these times." , , , 

The residents of the neighborhood protested against the loud 
and frequent ringing, but it became necessary- to settle the con- 
tention that arose in court. Mr. Harrison was living at Ulen- 
wood," his summer home, when the ringing was started._ Lpon his 
return to the city he was chosen as leader of the opposition to the 
ringing The complainants in the suit were: George L. Harrison, 
Isaac Lea, Henrv C. Gibson, Herbert M. Howe, James Parsons, 
William Read Fisher, William F. Norris, Charles H. Hutchinson, 
M. Edward Rogers, Joseph T. Tobias, Horace Fassit and Richard M. 
Cadwalader. , ,,. .... 

These complainants informed the court that in addition to 
the bell-ringing being thus so constant, it is, moreover, devoid of 
every quality which tends to allay the annoyance which overpowering 
noise produces. It is harsh, loud, high, sharp, clanging, discordant, 
and the noise produced bv it amounts to and is, in fact, a nuisance 
which is intolerable. It shakes the walls of the houses, in those m 
the immediate neighborhood, it renders conversation impossible, it 
disturbs rest and sleep. The volume of sound is moreover greatly 
augmented by the rapid succession in which the bells are rung, the 
strokes averaging about ninety-four to the minute." 

On February 24, 1877, Judge Hare, in Common Pleas Court 
Number Two, issued "an injunction restraining the defendants from 
ringing the bells of St. Mark's Church, or otherwise using the same 
so as to cause nuisance or annoyance, by sound or noise, to^the com- 
plainants, or anv of them, within their respective houses 

Mr Harrison earlv devoted much time to philanthropic pur- 
suits, beginning with labors in the various organizations of the 
Episcopal Church. He was a zealous member of St. Luke s Church 
from 1842 until his death, and was a vestryman and warden for most 
of the time. , , . , , , , 

"In a quiet, unostentatious way he devoted his wealth largely 
to the promotion of religious and benevole nt objects. The chu rch 

■ Rrport of Harrison et al. vs. St. Mark's Church, Philadelphia. (Collection of the Histoncal 
S<^ie{y of Pennsylvania.) This volume of 491 pajes was prepared ^'^ .^'^^"^^j :^"'^^,",^ 
has as a preface: "Xote.-This book contains all the P'<^^'|,'".S^/"A '^^P°"''X, w,th 
in the case, also all documents submitted to the Court or the.r 'l.^^'^'°"- °f ^^"^ ^ \'^^ 
reports of the arguments of counsel and the op.n.on and decree of the Court-^^th the 
exception of summaries of the plaintiffs' affidavits prepared by both sides.-G. L. H. 

[ 31 ] 

,i -.llHv, ., 'A r,l 

m: It; h'V '■.!., .,■■ 'i'^ 
. - ,-:'r/-^ 1m;-. fi-.... 

.:' .bvt 

rbH I; 

showered honors and responsibihtics upon him. He represented his 
parish in the diocesan, and the diocese in general conventions, and 
held important trusts both in the diocese and the church at large. 

"He ser\ed as trustee of the Divinity School from its estab- 
lishment, as treasurer of the Episcopal Hospital for twenty years, 
and as a member of the General ]3oard of Missions. In 1854 he was 
elected a director of the North American Insurance Company, a 
position he held for man\' years. . 

"As his ability and integrity had been appreciated in the 
church and commercial circles, so, despite the retiring modesty which 
was part of his nature, they came in time to be appreciated by his 
fellow men, who called upon him for service in the sphere of the 
great benevolences of the Commonwealth — first by selecting him 
as a manager of the House of Refuge, and later, through Governor 
Gears- in 1869, by his appointment on the then newly created Board 
of State Charities. In this his name at once became a power, and 
its influence extended far beyond the originally contemplated limits. 

"As its president he marked out the work of the Board, and 
contributed greatly, if not chiefly, to lift it to the high place it now 
occupies in public respect." When he became a member of the 
Board of Public Charities he fully realized the sacredness of the 
trust. He had been peculiarly fitted to render unique and remark- 
able sers'ices to the suftering humanity of his State and the world at 
large. His education and training, his knowledge of law and long 
experience in scientific and business affairs, made him a many-sided 
man, adapted to comprehend and administer the duties of his 
position as few others could. 

"To these qualities he added sympathy and untiring zeal. By 
personal and persistent supen.-ision and attention to the details of 
his office, he was at once impressed and shocked by the then pre- 
vailing conditions of public institutions of charity. He immediately 
extended his investigations and began a close and systematic study 
of the laws governing the care of the insane in this and European 
countries. The result was inevitable. His efforts created a great 
reform and a change in the care and treatment of the dependent 

"The annual reports of the Board of Public Charities give an 
outline of Mr. Harrison's work. They detail the true story of how 
he placed his brilliant talents and his wealth at the service of the 
State on the one hand, and of the most wretched and forlorn of its 
people on the other; how in his whole unselfish course he was governed 
only by the highest motives that ever actuated a Christian gentleman. 

"His position as the distinguished president of the Pennsyl- 
vania Board, although it was then the youngest of those com- 
missions, marked Mr. Harrison for the presidency of the first General 


" Glenwood," 
School House Lane, Germantown, Philadelphia. 

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Convention of the United States Boards of Public Charities, in 
New York, in May, 1874, and it was in tliat capacity that lie fur- 
nished, by request, the important information for which the British 
Government tendered him its formal acknowledgments. 

"After two years' service as a member and five years as presi- 
dent, he withdrew from the Board of State Charities in September, 
18/5. Among other features of the work which owe their introduction 
to him was the Committee on Lunacy, which has since accomplished 
so much in ameliorating the condition of the insane, and upon which 
he was tendered, but was unable to accept, the first appointment. 

"In March, 1878, he was appointed a member of the Board of 
City Trusts, and served one term, but was obliged to decline a 
second for the same reason that necessitated his withdrawal from 
the State Board, his impaired health. On the sixteenth of January, 
1879, he was appointed an inspector of the Eastern Penitentiary-, 
succeeding the lamented Thomas H. Powers. 

"He travelled widely to search out the causes and curative 
j ■ treatment of pauperism; he studied the school statistics and laws, 

i I and made from time to time most valuable suggestions and com- 

I ' pilations for the guidance of charity organizations, boards of educa- 

j '', tion and law-makers. 

! I "Mr. Harrison was an indefatigable worker. Besides filling 

j I the posts named, he was identified, either as a manager or honorary 

! ;; member, with a number of local enterprises and philanthropic in- 

i I stitutions, yet found time for literar>- labor." He was the author 

; f of: "Chapters on Social Science, as Connected with the Adminis- 

i ;■ tration of State Charities," Philadelphia, 1877; and "Legislation on 

I I Insanity — a Collection of all the Lunacy Laws of the States and 

j Territories of the United States, to the Year 1883, Inclusive; also 

I tlic Laws of England on Insanity; Legislation in Canada, on 

; \ Private Houses, and Important Portions of the Lunacy Laws of 

\ Germany, France, etc.," Philadelphia, 188-1. 

j "It is but probable that the great labor and voluminous corres- 

I pondence resulting from the latter work did much to hasten the 

I close of his life, toward which, that he might have the freedom and 

.■ repose his failing health required, he resigned all his positions of 

I trust and responsibility except his membership of the Board of 

I Inspectors of the Eastern Penitentiary^ 

j i "Among his other public services must be reckoned his voyage 

I I to England previous to the Bi-Centennial celebration of the settle- 

I I ment of the State, and his negotiations relative to the removal of 

I ^ the bones of William Penn to this countr\^" Under a joint reso- 

j I lution of the Legislature of the State of Pennsylvania, concerning 

! I the proposal to remove the remains of William Penn from England to 

! . America, Governor Hovt wrote to Mr. Harrison: 


tUi'y /■',-•/ J 

f(H ) 

t f > .'" J 

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Executive Mansion. 

Harkisburg, May 24th, ISSl. 
Dear Sir: — I take the liberty of enclosing a copy of a joint resolution of the Legislature 
in regard to the offered transfer of the remains of William Penn tc Pennsylvania, by one of the 
Society of Friends in England. 

Deeming that the contemplated removal can be most expeditiously and properly accom- 
plished through the efforts, and under the superintendence of some gentleman authorized by 
the Governor, who will undertake the journey to England, and visit in person the parties named 
in the resolution, and others if necessary, I would be greatly obliged and pleased if you would 
accept the mission. 

It vill, of course, be a purely honorary service, as the resolution does not provide for 
such an agent; and I presume upon your kindness and public spirit, in asking you to assist, in 
a manner that seems to me belter, than a long and tedious correspondence, in effecting the object 
of the resolution. In the hope that you may find it possible to accept, and will permit me to 
send you credentials from this department, and from the Secretary of State at Washington, I 
have the honor to be, with great esteem, 

Yours very truly, 

Henry M. Hoyt 
To George L. Harrison, Esq., Philadelphia, Penna. 

Mr. Harrison accepted this charge, and sailed for England 
June 22, 1881. The report of his investigation and negotiations 
was printed in 1882, viz.: "The Remains of William Penn. Penn- 
sylvania's Plea. The Mission to England, \'isit to the Grave, Letters, 

George Leib Harrison received the degrees of Master of Arts 
and Bachelor of Arts, causa lionoris, from Harvard University in 1878, 
and the degree of LL.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1883. 

He married first, June 8, 1841, Sarah Ann Waples, daughter of 
Nathaniel Waples and Lvdia Leib Rilev of Philadelphia, born 
November 4, 1816; died in Philadelphia, ' Sunday, May 12, 1850; 
buried in Laurel Hill CemeterA'. At the funeral sersuces, held in 
St. Luke's Church, Philadelphia, May 15th, the Rev. (later Bishop) 
William A. DeW. Howe, D.D., said: "You all remember her most 
freshly. The activity and lightness of her form, the sprightliness 
of her conversation, the vivacit}' of her temper, the ready flow of her 
affections — who that ever knew her can forget them? 

"To those who were on the outer circle of her acquaintance, 
it may have seemed at times that her buoyancy was almost levity; 
but those who knew her in the active pursuits of life, those who 
entered into her interior self, made no such mistake in judging of her 
character. Though always joyous in the intercourse of life, to all 
its solemn duties she addressed herself with the gravity and thought- 
fulness of a Christian. 

"She was a sunbeam wherever she went; and in that character 
she passed a few days since from the common walks of life into her 
sick chamber. What was there? Did her joy depart? Was her 
cheerfulness all vanished? No; she was the same cheerful, happy, 
contented creature as before, trusting herself in the hands of her 
Heavenly Father, and not anxious in reference to her physical con- 
dition until but two days before her death. 


Airs. George Leib Harrison, 

nee Letitia Henry Mitchell. 

From photograph owned by 

William West Frazicr. 

^ g W '.f P^ ;' 5;if#Itwaji^'^^ ^ 




fe iirir V ><>ti-iwaHatia^-4a^i?H^ •. 






"At her first apprehension of impending death, she had felt 
the ties of Hfe too many and too strong to be se\'ered without revul- 
sion, and had expressed especially her reluctance to leave her hus- 
band and children. But in the maturity of her preparation for a 
better world, every fond regret was chastened into complete ac- 
quiescence. And so she became the comforter of those who would 
bemoan her departure. The voice, which had been a tone of glad- 
ness in the sweet concert of home, now fell into a low and soothing 
music — its last cadences blended with words of consolation refreshing 
to the ear of present sorrow — precious to the memor>' of subsequent 
desolation. Thenceforward all was hope, and calmness, and gentle 
trust in God; no murmur, no repining, no faltering of Christian faith. 

"Was that joyous spirit then any less joyful than in her ordi- 
nary walks? Was there not a beauty and a hallowed light there, 
vastly more attractive and more memorable to us who survive, than 
any which had gladdened the days of her health?" 

On October 16, 1856, George Leib Harrison married Letitia 
llenr>' Mitchell, daughter of Dr. John Kearsley Mitchell of Phila- 
delphia, born August 11, 1831. Mrs. Harrison is now (1910) living 
at "Glenwood," in Germantown. 

George Leib Harrison died at "Glenwood," his summer home 
on School House Lane, Germantown, Wednesday, Sejitember 9, 
1885. The funeral services were held in Calvary Protestant Episco- 
pal Church on Manheim Street, Germantown, Saturday, September 
12th, conducted by Bishop Howe, assisted by the Rev. James De 
Wolfe Perry. Old employees of the Franklin Sugar Refinery acted 
as pall-bearers. The honorary bearers were: Richard C. McMurtrie, 
T. Charlton Henry, William R. Lejee, Charles Piatt, L. Clarke Davis 
and John S. Newbold. 

The will of George Leib Harrison, dated September 14, 
1882, made bequests to the Episcopal Hospital; the Trustees of 
the Christmas Fund for Disabled Clergymen and the Widows and 
Orphans of Deceased Clergymen; the Sheltering Arms of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church of Philadelphia; the Pennsylvania Retreat 
for Blind Mutes and /\ged and Infirm Persons; the Seaside House 
for Invalid Women; the Day Nurser\-, 2218 Lombard Street, Phila- 
delphia; the Home for Destitute Colored Children; and the Penn- 
sylvania Society to Protect Children from Cruelty in the City of 

The following tribute to his life, written by the late L. Clarke 
I^avis, appeared in The Philadelphia Inquirer, September 10, 1885: 

"George L. Harrison died yesterday. His death will be to 
those of his immediate family a poignant grief and mighty loss; but 
'f all that he was to them, and all that he did for them in life, were 
l^nown to those to whom his life was long ago dedicated, the general 



■0 ::;' : .'-f;'j' 


grief would overshadow that of family or friends, and his loss would 
be held in the common estimation to be immeasurable and irre- 
parable. But time will prove it is neither. It was significant of 
the good work in which the heart, brain and hand of this great 
philanthropist— a name he bore without abuse— were for so long 
a time emploved, that it inspired in others his own broad and noble 
spir't of philanthropy, and that in the wide fields of human suffer- 
ing niiser>', povert\- and ignorance in which he so faithfully wrougut, 
it created hosts of helpers for all those who needed help. It will 
be never- known how steadilv and earnestly, through all seasons and 
weather, through youth and age, through health and sickness, 
strength and weakness, through aggressive opposition, and, worse 
than that, the general indifference of men, he worked for the ameliora- 
tion of the condition of those whose only refuge in life had come to 
be the prison, the reformator^^ the almshouse or the asylum. 

"There was no class that had received hurt or wound in heart, 
brain or bodv for whom he did not labor unceasingly. That was the 
work of his fife. To those whom he had inspired to work with him, 
the greatness and usefulness of what he did was best known. He 
did not stand at the street corners to give his alms, nor cr>- out horn 
the housetop of what he did. George L. Harrison was a singularly 
reserved, retiring man, considering what else he was and what he 
did A revolution and change which has remo^-ed a great load of 
disgrace from this Commonwealth was effected by him inthe bestowal 
and treatment of the sane and insane pauper population ot Penn- 
sylvania; reforms too great to be estimated were wrought by him in 
the insane laws of this State. The Board of Public Chanties has 
become one of the most honored and useful parts of the govern- 
ment; earnest, energetic, public-spirited men control its operations. 
The Board of Public Charities, if not wholly the work of his brain 
and hands, owes its present high condition of usefulness to them. 
He planned the work for it to do; he builded upon its original founda- 
tions the present noble superstructure of its worth. 

"It was so in ever>-thing. He carried the heavy chain through 
the forest or wilderness of such human misery as is begot by poverty, 
sickness or ignorance, and after awhile the broad straight roads 
appeared; the forests or wildernesses became wide, luxuriant fields, 
yielding generous har\'ests. He has laid down the chain now; but, 
even before he did so, others stood ready to take it up and bear it 
onward through other forests and wildernesses of human suffering 
and wretchedness. The mortal part of him is dead, but his work 
was never more sentient than it is to-day. The great example that 
he gave to younger men is not dead. They are following it, carrying 
the chain that he carried, and certain to carry it far oeyond where 
he laid it down. 



The Franklin Sugar Refinery, 
destroyed by fire, 1882. 



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Plant of the Franklin Sugar Refining Company, 
as rebuilt after the fire of 1882. 





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"Of infirm health and with head all whitened by the many 
years, how could he help but inspire, by his untiagging zeal, his 
untiring energy-, his indomitable will, his de^'otion to the distressed, 
the interest or the enthusiasm of others endowed with youth and 
strength for such work? We cannot estimate the value of the in- 
fluence of such a man as this the day after he dies, as that influence 
perpetually survives and broadens. It is continuous, and of its 
ultimate and highest results we must claim a share for him. 

"IVIr. Harrison's philanthropy was not limited nor confined 
to any one purpose. It was as actively felt in the Church as in the 
prison, almshouse, as>lum or ho\el. His nature in its charity was 
wide and deep enough to hold the world of human wretchedness, 
and none who needed such help as he could give were barred out of it. 
Those who were in prison he \isited; those who were ^ick in. soul, 
body or mind he comforted; those who were hungr>' he fed; those 
who were naked he clothed. The social pariah, whom fault or mis- 
fortune had made an Ishmaelite, was his brother also. He lived, 
wrought, suffered for and with all such. For them he spen,t his life 

"He was a man of great wealth, which he employed greatly. 
He was wise as well as generous in giving. In the world of business 
Mr. Harrison occupied a distinguished place; as husband and father 
he was beloved and honored; as a citizen he was public-spirited and 
useful; as a philanthropist the good that he accomplished cannot 
be computed on this side the grave. That will live after him, and 
by that the world of poverty, crime, suffering, that he so helped, will 
remember him." 

The North American, Philadelphia, September 10, 1885: 
"By the death of Mr. George L. Harrison the world loses a 
benefactor and society one of its brightest examples. As an instance 
of unselfish living, his life may be held up to the eyes of the world 
without fear that any blemish will be discovered by the most cynical 
critic. The demands of business upon his time were constant and 
heavy during the greater part of his lifetime; but he found time to 
employ his sympathies in so many ways that he was almost better 
known as a philanthropist than as a man of affairs. Though im- 
mersed in the cares of various enterprises, he was never neglectful 
of the self-imposed duties of benevolence. His heart beat warmly 
for the suffering and friendless; but in a community having one such 
man none can be deemed friendless. 
I "He has gone from among us, and we may now contemplate 

I his life, so rounded out by deeds of kindness to the poor and un- 

I fortunate, who will miss him most of all. Such a life is above price 

I [37] 

as an example. It reveals the possibilities of a Christianized world. 
For if men lived as he lived, to make the world better, and therefore 
happier, a helping hand would be extended to even,- one who might 
stumble or faint by the way. Were all the honors of civil life heaped 
upon his coftin, the}- would appear as dust in contrast with the tro- 
phies of his unselfish life. He might have shone among men in 
civil life, no douljt; but his preferment was of a different order. It 
led him in difficult paths, where men cannot win showy reputations. 
It laid new burdens on his already burdened life. He was never 
known to shrink from the imposition of labor. He pursued his quest 
with painstaking solicitude, and his work was only laid down after 
overtasking a sensitive nature had wrought its inevitable results. 
"The most jjublic ser\'ice rendered by Mr. Harrison was as 
president of the State Board of Public Charities. Of this Board 
he was a member from its creation, and for several years its presi- 
dent. It had many disagreeable duties to perforn), and its conflict 
with what may be named 'Establishment' was severe. But the 
earnestness of the commissioners was equal to the strain, and Air. 
Harrison lived to see his labors acknowledged very, widely. His 
compilation of all laws relating to the treatment and accommodation 
of the insane is a standard work, and of the greatest practical value 
to the counto' at large. It shows the remarkable tenacity of his 
purpose. He never left any work half done, and he never hesitated 
to draw freely upon his private means, which happily were ample, 
in the prosecution of a charitable work. The example of such men 
enriches the world beyond computation of value." 

On April 10, 1890, Bishop Whitaker laid the corner-stone 
of the George Leib Harrison Memorial House for Chronic Invalids, 
at the Episcopal Hospital, Philadelphia. "The causes leading to 
the erection, of this George L. Harrison Memorial House were the 
desires of the managers to alleviate the sufferings of chronic invalids, 
who, under the purposes of a general-hospital, could not be provided 
for. The building would cost $100,000, and should have an endow- 
ment of $400,000, but the managers would open the house upon the 
assurance of $100,000 endowment. This appeal was promptly 
responded to by the family of the late George Leib Harrison, who 
proposed to give, as a memorial to him, the necessary sum for 
building it, and that part of the endowment fund which would 
enable the managers to open it when completed. 

"The plans were altered at the suggestion of a distinguished 
expert, in order to make it fireproof, and to embody in its con- 
struction the very latest improvements of a hygienic character, as 
well as every feature which can promote the comfort of the inmates 
and the efficiency of the service. The additional cost of these changes, 


The George Leib Harrison Memorial House of the Episcopal Hospital, 

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, ^? 



,^« ,^.^s? 

bringing it up to $175,000, is to be borne by the same generous 

"The closing address was by Bishop Howe. He said he could 
not resist the opportunity of an occasion to offer the expression of 
liis warm regard and profound respect for the memor>' of George L. 
Harrison. It had been one of the greatest comforts, and he thought 
he could say benefits of his life, to have been intimately related with 
him. He was the warden of the church of which the Bishop was 
tiie rector. He united in his character all the vigor of manhood 
with the tenderness of a woman. Whatever he set his heart upon, 
being first convinced it was right, he was sure to do. Strong in will, 
he was also generous, and his sympathies were awake toward all 
whom his Lord loved. He loAed the Master, whoui he followed, 
and strove for the Master's sake to do His bidding." ^ 

"The George Leib Harrison Alemorial House of the Episcopal 
Hospital was dedicated October 29, 1891, Bishop Whitaker offi- 
ciating and Bishop Howe, of Central Pennsylvania, delivering a 
brief address. 

"On enten'ng the building the eye is confronted with a brass 
tablet with this inscription. To the Glory of God and in loving 
memory of George Leib Harrison, LL.D., one of the founders and 
directors of this Hospital, his children haA-e erected this building for 
the relief and care of persons thought to be incurable.' 

"Bishop Howe said: T was present when the corner-stone of 
the main building of the hospital was laid. I knew and loved George 
L. Harrison, and so must come here to speak of his generous nature. 
May this Hospital be blessed from generation to generation, and may 
those who here receive both religious and physical aid be blessed.' " ^ 


1. Harriet Morgan Harrison, bom March 18, 1842; married William \V. Frazier, Jr., 

of Philadelphia. 

2. Charles Custis Harrison, LL.D., born May 3, 1844; married Ellen Nixon Wain. 

3. Alfred Cr,aven- Harrison, A.B., A.M., born February 20, 1846; married Kate de 

Forest Sheldon. 

4. WiLLi-Aii Welsh Harrison, LL.D., born May 4, 1850; married Bertha Marie Whyte. 


5. Mitchell Harrison, A.B., born April 14, 1838; married first, October 26, 18S2, 

Virginia Merrit Norris. He married, July 25, 1903, Margaret Janet Smith. 

' The Standard of the Cross and the Church, April 19, 1890. 
• The Press, Philadelphia, October 30, 1891. 


! .):.! 

Harriet i\Iori:!;an Harrison, daughter of George Leib Harrison 
and Sarali Ann W'aples, born in Philadelphia March 18, 1842, was 
educated in the schools of Miss Tathani, Miss Hoopes, Professor 
Helm, Miss Treichel and Madame \'aillent. She was married, April 
19, 1864, to William West Frazier, Jr., of Philadelphia. 

For many >ears Mrs. Frazier has been actively engaged in 
various charitable organizations. She ser\'ed on the Board of 
Managers of the Day Xursen,- for many years. While secrctar\- of 
this establishment in 1889, she learned of the urgent need of a 
nursery- in the southwestern section of Philadelphia. With the 
assistance of the Board of Managers she at once secured and opened 
a house on Federal Street. This was called the Harrison Day 
Nurser}', in memory of her father. 

The demands on this nurserv' had become too great for its 
accommodations by 1899. Through Mrs. Frazier's influence and 
generosity a lot at Nineteenth and Ellsworth Streets was then 
donated, and a commodious building erected. At the close of its 
twentieth year the records of the Harrison Day Xursers' showed 
an average daily attendance of sixty-fne children, with an aggregate 
attendance of two hundred and nine thousand. 

Mrs. Frazier aided in founding the Philadelphia x^ssociation 
of Day Nurseries, and was its first vice-president. After she had 
succeeded Mrs. Merritt as president, the Board of Education of the 
city of Philadelphia appealed to the Association to establish day 
nurseries in various sections. Mrs. Frazier immediately took up 
the matter, had thorough investigations made, and through her 
perseverance and cnerg\' six nurseries were started, The Harrison, 
The Hope, The Franklin, The Lincoln, The San Christoforo, The 
Sunnyside and The Saint Nicholas. Twenty-one nurseries are now 
in existence. 

In 1893 Mrs. Frazier was elected a director of the Children's 
Aid Society of Pennsylvania. In 1898 she became vice-president, 
and by her donations, interest and untiring zeal, contributed greatly 
to the success of the Society. 

She has been one of the most active members of The Women's 
Director^', and was a promoter of the Travellers' Aid Society. Mrs. 
Frazier served as President of the last mentioned Society until ill 
health forced her to retire. It has been said that the Philadelphia 
Travellers' Aid Society owes its existence to her efforts. 



Mrs. William West Frazier, 
nee Harriet Morgan Harrison. 


Charles Cuslis Harrison,' son of George Leib Harrison and 
Sarah Ann Waples, was born on the third da\- of May, 184.-i, at wliat 
is now No. 907 Pine Street. At the age oi" five he attended Miss 
Tatham's school on Pine Street, between Eighth and Ninth. When 
about seven years old, he went to Miss Learned's, the Parish School 
of St. Luke's Church, Thirteenth Street below Spruce. At nine 
years he entered the Episcopal Academy, where Dr. George Emlcn 
Hare was head master. He remained at the Academy five years, 
alwa^'s at the head of his class.- 

In September, 1858, aged fourteen years, Charles C. Harrison 
entered the College Department of the University of Pennsylvania, 
on Ninth Street, and was graduated in July, 1862. The Com- 
mencement Exercises were held at Musical Fund Hall, and as 
' he was number one of the graduating class, he delivered the Greek 

oration. Oddly enough, Miss Ellen Nixon Wain, his future wife, 
was present upon this occasion. Among Mr. Harrison's classmates 
I were Dr. William Pepper, subsequently Pro\ost of the University, 

and the Re\'. J-esse Y. Burk, for many years Secretary of the Board 
of Trustees of the University. 

Sarah Ann Waples Harrison, mother of Charles C. Harrison, 
had high musical ability, and this her son inherited. He was a great 
lover of music, and ap ardent student under the best masters. One 
of these was Charles Hohnstock, of 60G Spruce Street, and another 
Prof. Carl Wolfsohn,-254 South Twelfth Street. Charles C. Harrison 
frequently played the piano in public at amateur performances and 
for charitable purposes. At a concert held in the foyer of the 
Academy of Music of Philadelphia, in 1862, Wolfsohn played on one 
piano, while Mr. Harrison played another. 

After graduating from the University in July, 1862, Mr. 


g:. Some time prior to the birth of Charles C. Harrison, his parents were visited by his mother's 

L kinsman, Charles Parke Custis. Out of courtesy to this relative, their first son was given 

his name. _ 

' "Provost Harrison was at the Episcopal .Academy in Class C when I was in the lower Class A. 
But he sailed far to the windward of me and was through his college course before I became 
a freshman. I can see him now in an Eton jacket taking the great hiph horse in the gym- 
nasium at the Academy, with Dr. Hare looking on in admiration, and Mclntyre, the janitor, 
smiling a lengthened smile of approval, like the cast-iron smile of the lions at the foot of 
the Nelson monument at Trafalgar Square, London. There were three horses in the gym- 
nasium, positive high, comparative higher, superlative highest, and Harrison in his round- 
about used to clear the superlative horse in the finest possible style. 

"Years afterward, when, at Carlsbad, I read in a German paper that Provost Harrison 
I had given the University of Pennsylvania the sum of 5500,000, to be used for the best pos- 

^ sible service in the future, and that this sum of money had been deposited with a board of 

■ trustees for this purpose, I wrote mv old friend and former schoolmate a letter that very 

dav, in which I spoke of his faith in 'the people to do the be,t thing possible with so much 
money. A number of \ears later, meeting the Pro\ost in Philadelphia, I asked him .f he 
had ever received this letter. Whereupon, pulling out his pocket-book from his trousers 
pocket, he produced the crumpled letter, now in tattered rags, and remarked: 'Ves, and I 
have kept it near me ever since it came to hand.'"— Rev. William W'ilberforce Xewton, 
D.D., Class of 1S65, in Old Penn Weekly Re-view. 


i/MtriJ ?:'■_;. (i; 

Harrison had expected to study law; but about the time of the 
Battle of Antietam, he dccidecl to enter the arm\-, and left Phila- 
delphia for the battlefield, to join the regiment of cavalry com- 
manded by Colonel Richard Rush. He camped with the army 
immediately after the Battle of Antietam (September 16 and 17, 
1862), and then returned to Philadelphia, to complete arrangements 
for entering the militar\- service. 

During his absence from Philadelphia, a suggestion had been 
made to his .father by William Welsh, acting for his brother, John 
Welsh,' and Thomas A. Newhall, on behalf of his son, Walter S. 
Newhall, to buy the sugar retinen.^, 221 Vine Street, owned by 
Eastwick Brothers, who had retired from business. This Mr. 
Harrison's father: -agreed to do. Walter S. Newhall was in the 
army, and Mr. John W^elsh's son, Samuel Welsh, Jr., who was 
to be a partner, was not in good health. The plans of Charles C. 
Harrison were thus changed, and upon the first of January, 1863, 
he went into .business, under the firm name of Harrison, Newhall & 

In December of 1863, one of the partners, Mr. ^^■alter S. 
Newhall, was drowned on his way home from the Army of the 
Potomac to spend the Christmas holidays. His death resulted in 
the dissolution of the firm of Harrison, Newhall & Welsh, and the 
purchase by" Mr. Harrison's father of the interests of Walter S. 
Newhall and Samuel W'elsh, Jr. The firm was reorganized in July, 
1864, by the admission of Theodore A. Havemeyer of New York, 
the firm name being Harrison & Havemeyer. At short intervals, 
Mr. Harrison's brother-in-law, William W. Frazier, Jr., and his 
brothers, Alfred C. Harrison, William W. Harrison, and later, Mitchell 
Harrison, were admitted to the firm, the name having meanwhile 
been changed to Harrison, Havemeyer & Company. 

After the death of the father, George Leib Harrison, in Sep- 
tember, 1885, the members bought out the interests of Mr. Have- 
meyer, the firm being changed to I-Iarrison, Frazier & Company. 
In 1887, in order to be prepared to settle the business of a deceased 
member, the company was incorporated and the name changed to 
the Franklin Sugar Refining Company. The sole stockholders in 
the company were Charles C. Harrison, William W. Frazier, Jr., 
Alfred C. Harrison, William W. Harrison and Mitchell Harrison. 

From 1863 they had been independent refiners, never con- 
nected with other refiners, and had carried on their business with 

» Afterwards president of the Centennial Board of Finance, 1876, and Trustee of the University 
of Pennsylvania. For his services during the Centennial, Mr. Welsh received $50,000. 
This he turned over to the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania, who named it the 
"John Welsh Centennial Professorship of History and English Literature." Appointed 
Minister to the Court of St. James by President Hayes. October 30, 1877. 


i\')i,:, ••uiiriii 


Charles Ciistis Harrison, LL.D., 

Provost of the University of Penns>'lvania. 

From portrait by Julian Stor\'. 


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.^^ -. 

L«t i*--J ■ •■^'-jzin^'niia,. , 

absolute independence. Tlie American Sugar Refining Company ., 
of New York was organized in 1887. In March, 1892, thc\- made a 
proi)Osal for the purchase of the FrankUn Sugar Relining Company. 
The latter, all members of one famih-, were called upon to determine 
whether they would consider the sale of their business and retire, 
which, after mature deliberation, they concluded to do. While they 
never had a doubt of the moral right to sell their property to whom 
they chose, the Supreme- Court of the United States decided that 
they had the legal right to take that action. 

A certificate from their employees was presented to the com- 
pany when they retired from business.' The firm had established 
a pension fund for ol(^ employees and their widows. At this writing 
(1910) a number of the beneficiaries are still living. 

The Franklin Sugar Relinen.' was originally located at 221 
Vine Street. In 1866 the demand' for the firm's products had in- 
creased so greatly that a new refinery was built on the ground 
bounded by Bainbridge, Swanson and Almond Streets and Delaware 
Avenue. On September 25, 1882, the newly completed refineries on 
Delaware Avenue,' extending from Bainbridge Street to Almond 
Street Wharf, uere totally destroyed by fire. The rebuilding of fire- 
proof construction was a most severe strain on even.- member of 
the firm. 

Mr. Harrison was in business from the first of January-, 1863, 
until March, 1892- "developing the administrative abilities which 
have been so conspicuous in the scr\-ices to the University." During 
this whole time he was either the head of the firm or president of 
the Franklin Sugar Refining Company. In the year 1889, the 
business of the Company was probably the largest of any manu- 
facturing firm in the State of Pennsylvania, if not in the United 

Philadelphia, August 5, 1S92. 
gi ' At a meeting of the old employees of the Franklin Sugar Refining Company, held on 

I; August 2, 1892, the following preamble and resolutions were unanimously adopted: 

Whereas, Many of us have been in the service of Messrs. Harrison, Frazier & Co. and 
of the Franklin Sugar Refining Co. during their management, for long terms of years; and 

Whereas, Several members of the late firm, wishing to retire from business, have with- 
drawn from the management of the Franklin Sugar Refining Company; and 

Whereas, The Messrs. Harrison and Mr. Frazier, in bidding us good-by have sent to 
us expressions of their friendship and good-will, be it 

Resolved, That in returning our thanks for the parting presents sent to us, we wish to 
say that we have never forgotten Mr. George L. Harrison, who, with his sons and son-in- 
law, always treated us with fairness and sympathy; that to all of us, and most of all to 
those of us who have known no other employers, the separation is a sad one. 

Resolved, That we wish to record our opinion that there should be no enmity between 
labor and capital; each is the friend and helper of the other, and it has been shown here 
that the growth of the business has been benencial to us. 

Resolved, That as far as our message can go we wish to send word that benevolence and 
obedience to the laws of the land are our advice to all, to the employer and to the employees. 
To the former consideration for others; to the latter, fidelity, earnestness and temperance. 

Resolved, That these resolutions be published in the Public Ledger, Record, Inquirer, 
Press and German Democrat, one insertion in each of the above papers. 


[ 43 ] 

.!;• i: b 

J -rr:', ■.■..ji 

States; and in March, 1892, the FrankHu Refinery had an annual 
capacity ol" more than 600,000,000 pounds of raw sugar. 

As pre\ioush' stated, Mr. Harrison was graduated from the 
University in 1802. Fourteen years later, in 1876, when he was 
thirty-two >ears old, he was elected a trustee of the University of 
Pennsylvania, ha\ing had no knowledge that his name was being 
considered until he received notice of the election. At about the 
same tune, Mr. Harrison was elected a director of the Philadelphia 
Bank, and later of the Philadelphia Trust Compan}-, the Insurance 
Company of North America, and the Trust Company of North 

Soon after his election as a trustee of the University, Mr. 
Harrison was niad.e a member of the Committee on Ways and Means. 
Upon the death, of John Welsh, chairman of that committee, in 
1885, the Board of Trustees elected Mr. Harrison chairman of the 
Committee on Ways and Means, now called the Committee on 
Finance and Property. 

In April of 1894, nearly two years after Mr. Harrison had 
retired from business. Dr. Pepper resigned the Pro^•ostshil:) of the 
University. In May Mr. Harrison was elected Provost by the 
unanimous vote of the Board of Trustees. He declined to accept 
the position, but as Dr. Pepper had definitely resigned, Mr. Har- 
rison agreed^ at the request of the Board, to serve as Acting Provost 
for one year,, during which time the permanent head of the Uni- 
versity might be selected. Towards the end of that University year, 
he recei^-ed a communication signed by ever>^ member of the Board, 
again asking him to take the office of Provost, and with a feeling of 
great uncertainty as to his fitness, he accepted, although he never 
expected to ser^'e as Pro^•ost for any length of time.^ Shortly after 
accepting the. Provostship, Mr. Harrison resigned from all financial 
institutions with which he had been associated, having found that 
he had no time to attend to the necessar\- duties. 

The records of the Uni\-ersity show that when Mr. Harrison 
became Acting Provost there were about 2,000 students, a very 
meagre equipment, and few buildings. At the present time, nearly 

' One of George Leib Harrison's cUssmates at Harvard was Mr. John Holmes, brother of Dr. 
Oliver Wendell Holmes. In later %ears Charles Custis Harrison used to visit his father's 
friend when in Boston. The first time Mr. Harrison met Dr. Holmes after he had accepted 
the Provostship, the Doctor inquired how he was getting along in business. With con- 
siderable diffidence .Mr. Harrison said that he was now out of business. Dr. Holmes w-"S 
then interested to know what he was doing. Mr. Harrison replied that he was connected 
with the University of Pennsylvania. Mr. Harrison's embarrassment was so evident that 
Dr. Holmes discontinued his inquiries. Some time later the Doctor met Miss Agnes Ir« in, 
head of RadcUtTe College, and at once inquired: "What misfortune has happened to niv 
friend Charles Harrison? Has he failed in business, or what is the trouble? I could onlv 
learn that he was not in busine-s and had a position at the University of Pennsylvania. 
After a hearty laugh. Miss Irwin replied; "That is so like Mr. Harrison! He is out of busi- 
ness, and he has a position at the University. He is the Provost." 

[44 1 

!...nj !• 

The Academ\— University of Pennsylvania (1751-1802). 

"The Academy, "belter known as 'The New Building,' was 
erected in 1741 on the west side of P'ourth Street, near corner of 
Mulberry Street (below Arch). Built for the celebrated Rev. 
^Ir. George NVhiteticId, it was conveyed in 1749 to the Trustees 
of the .AcadBmy, and occupied by them in 1751. Through the 
eiTorts of Dr. John Morgan and Dr. William Shippen the Medical 
Department was founded in 1765, thus being the hrst medical 
school on this continent. Dr. John Morgan was chosen Pro- 
fessor of Theor\- and Practice of Ph\sic; Dr. William Shippen, 
of Anatomy and Surgery; Dr. Adam Kuhn, of Botany and 
Materia Mcdica; and Dr. Benjamin Rush, of Chemistry. The 
University continued in this building until its removal, in 1802, 
to the presidential mansion erected for John Adams, on the site 
now occupied by the Philadelphia Post-office." 



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F the entire sixty acres of t^round are covered with laboratories and 

ceneral University buildings, with a ver>' important dorniitor>' 
svstem There aren94 member* of the teaching body and more 
than 5,000 students. Between June, 1894, and iMarch, 1910, more 
money has been raised for the University of Pennsylvania than tor 
any other single public purpose in the State of Pennsylvania since 
the landing of William Penu. 

Upon June 9, 1910, Mr. Harrison had been sixteen years 
the head of the University and thirty-four years a Trustee. 
Adding his four years as student, much more than half of his life 
has been directly associated with the University of Pennsylvania 
While Mr! Harrison was an actne member of the Board of 
Trustees he had alwavs felt that a dormitory' or residential system 
was essential to tlie development of "Pennsylvania spirit" at the 
University. Immediately after accepting the position of Acting 
Provost, with the approval of the Trustees, he engaged Messrs. 
Cope & Stewardson to design a dormitor>' system to co\-er about 
seven acres of" ground south of Woodland Avenue, between Thirty- 
ninth Street and Thirtv-sixth Street. Mr. John Stewardson went 
to Oxford and Cambridge, in England, to study designs of college 
I buildings, and Mr. Weaker Cope at the same time made independent 

I studies of a dormitor>' svstem. When Mr. Stewardson returned 

I from England his suggestions were practically adopted, the plans 

■| of a completed dormitor\' svstem were designed, accepted by the 

I Trustees, and the first section was in course of construction in 1S9d, 

'I while Mr. Harrison was still Acting Provost. 

I There being no opportunity for student life at this time, outside 

I of the lecture-room or the laboratory, the question of a students' 

I club house was proposed by Mr. Harrison to the Trustees, and in 

I 1894-5 the familv of Mr. H. H. Houston gave S150,000 to erect 

;| Houston Hall, which was dedicated January- 1, 1896. 

, I "During his administration the University has taken on new 

i I life in even,- department; its progress, thorough and sure, being the 

•i I purpose of 'its guidance. Apart from the labors of brain and pen, 

iand the mastering of an immense amount of detail, often technical 
and professional, ^Ir. Harrison has been most generous of his means, 
, and has influenced very large contributions from his friends and 

• I fellow-citizens for University purposes. 

I " In 1895, in memory- of his father, he established the George 

Leib Harrison Foundation' for the Encouragement of Liberal Studies 
and the Advancement of Knowledge, the principal of the foundation 
being the sum of $500,000." 

One of the happiest davs of his University service was that of 
May 23, 1906, towards the conclusion of his tenth year as Provost. 
At the close of a dinner, given by the Trustees to Mr. Harrison, and 




j! .r'l.i 


'iuq J 

attended by a large number of citizens of Pliiladelphia and of the 
State, the Trustees presented him with an exquisite service of silver. 
An account of thi-^ dinner has been published, a copy of which is in 
the Librar>^ of the University. Air. Richard Wood, one of the 
Trustees, composed a poem for the occasion. 

By Richard Wood 
'' ■ • Life brings to some or wenlth or power; 

Some only crave the idle hour; 
The evening ease, the book and fire, 
Fill up the lazy man's desire. 
For nobler men a nobler aim, 
A better quest — a larger game. 
All in their way, whate'er their fate, 
Are some way yearning to be great. 

What lustre does life shed upon • , 

-« Our own good Provost Harrison? 

In aid of science and of art 
See him exploit the busy mart. 
No sceptred hand, no mitred head — 
Emblems to us of days long dead — 
Do send him forth; a freeman, he ; 

Would have all men with him agree 
So well to train the ways of youth 
That honor, virtue, goodness, truth, 
Forever may triumphant be 
In this wide land of liberty. 
• For him each coffer opens' wide 

To pour on us a golden tide. 
' Thus golden lustre falls upon 
Our own good Provost Harrison. 

With more than alchemist's rare skill, 
Transmutes he gold to human will. 
With heart of truth and purpose high 
He scans the stars of learning's sky. 
And sets them in our firmament, 
That, all compact, with fair intent — 
Teachers and taught, professor, boy — 
May mingle wisdom with their joy 
And manhood's highest stature kiiow, 
Until God's image in them show 
With light as pure as shines upon 
Our own good Provost Harrison. 

Mark well the man! In our good cause 
He seeks no honor nor applai se. 
In that great cause all else is lost. 
And duty done whate'er the cost. 
» Though men and angels know his worth, 

^ ' So modest is his walk on earth, 

That all with wonder look upon 
The quiet work so simply done 
By this good Provost Harrison. 

The Board of Trustees of the University were entertained at 
dinner by Mrs. Harrison on February 10, 1910, and one of the 
pleasant incidents of the occasion was the reading of a poem by 
J. Levering Jones, Esquire, entitled: 



The University of Pennsylvania, 
Ninth Street, between Market and Chestnut Streets, Philadelphia. 


r ^ 

<^SiiA SXt& 

-:::; * 

■ II " i «ii i. i L X'^-^^ii.'&Mt^'!T ^^-L'tl r 1^ 


Across the heated pavement, where a beggar stood, 
With p;i;m_outstretched, 

Akbar, prince of a noble line, walked thoughtfully; 
Fortune had blessed him with its golden store, 
Wisdom had come till he could gain no more. 
Yet he was restless to achieve some deed 
Whereby he would be blest by man and Heaven. 
Within his mind the legend old took form, — 
"God smiles," 'tis said, "where'er man gives to man 
The besi he hath." 

"Alms! " was the cry that came from near the wall, 
Then echoed clearly in the vacant air, 
' As if a spirit spoke. 

The heart of- Akbar beat with deepest joy. 
Here was the- way the feet of Christ had trod, 
Who walks therein approacheth near to God. 

Henceforth he lived, seeking for others' good; 
The souls, of men responded to his will; 

Giving to man, he many taught to give — -| . , '> 

■; Builder of minds, and noble hearts as well. 

He also wrought in stone ' ' - " ' 

Enduring monuments to a great purpose. (' 

Another Akbar is your guest to-night. ' ' 

His cause is ours; ' ' t' ', 

Our pledge we give to it and him. 
Honored we are by his dear company. 

Long may he live! ■ ' : 

Our debt to him increase. r- - 

Well will he be repaid hereafter, though asking naught 
In the large adjustments of enduring time. 

Some time in the spring of 1910, the following verses were 
written by Mr. Isaac Roberts, Treasurer of the Fairmount Savings 
Trust Company, as an expression of appreciation of the devoted 
and unselfish work of Mr. Harrison for the University of Penn- 
sylvania. Mr. Roberts was not personally acquainted with Mr. 
Harrison; but seeing him one day passing along the street, the 
thought expressed in these verses occurred to him. 


(C. C. H.) 

,1^-, I saw him pass along the street, ■.-■.■ 

And all the day grew brighter then; ■ ; 

For quick I saw how rich, how sweet 

. Was this man's work for other men. - '' ' 

A man of wealth, who makes his wealth . , 

Distribute blessings far and wide, , ' 

'-~ ■ And finds it joy to do by stealth . . 

'■••" Such kindnesses as e'er abide. 

As one who serves, yet king of men; 

Whose royal sway all men acclaim. 
Our modern Bayard! None may ken 

Reproach or fear who hear his name. 


i '• 

God's blesiing rest upon his head 

And crown his hie with joy and peace! 

And may the fragrance round us 
By gracious lives like his ne'er cease! 

I saw him pass alonjr the street, 

And all the day grew brighter then; 

At once I saw how rare, how sweet 
Was this man's work for other men. 

Provost Harrison has conferred honorary degrees upon a 
number of .the most distinguished men in the world; upon the present 
German Emperor, who sent his ambassador to receive it; upon 
King Edward MI, whose ambassador was sent to receive the degree; 
upon President Diaz, of -Mexico, who sent his ambassador; and 
upon President Roosevelt, President Taft, and Governor Hughes of 
New York. 

Mr. Harrison holds the honorary degree of DoctOF^'of Laws, 
from the Universities of Columbia, (1895) ; Princeton, (1896) ; and 
Yale (1901 )v He is a member of the American Philosophical Society, 
Historical Society of Pq.nnsylvania, The Academy of the Fine Arts, 
Phi Beta Kappa, Franklin Inn Club and others. 

Mr. Harrison says that the principal event of his life was his 
marriage, upon the twenty-third day of February, 1870, to Miss 
Ellen Nixon Wain. 

"Provost Charles Custis Harrison resigned his office as head of the University of Penn- 
sylvania at a meetin:; of the Trustees, held at 400 Chestnut Street, on Tuesday afternoon, October 
4th. This will take effect not later than December 31, 1910. In a letter to the Trustees Provost 
Harrison cited 'the many years of my service as Provost and the obligation to lead a less exacting 
manner of life' as the reasons for his resignation. 

"Provost Harrison is in his sixty-sixth year. For the last sixteen years he has been the 
active head of the University: altogether, he has sers'ed the institution for nearly thirty-five 
years, having been elected a Trustee in 1876. In view of this long service, the members of Dr. 
Harrison's family have for some time been urging him to give up at least part of the work he 
has been carrying on. He will continue to act as one of the Trustees. 

" His letter of resignation follows: 

'To the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania. 

'Gentlemen :^Xo member of our Board can feel as keenly as I do the action which I 
now respectfully take in resigning the Provostship of the University of Pennsylvania. 

'The many years of my service as Provost, and the obligation to lead a less exacting 
manner of life, are the reasons. 

'This change has been upon my mind for a number of months, and has often been brought 
before me by the members of my immediate family. In deference to their wishes, and in accord- 
ance With my own judgment as to the best interests of all concerned, I have come to the con- 
clusion now presented to you. 

'The years of senice which I have tried to render as Provost have already far outnumbered 
those which were at all contemplated, when, at the request of the Board, I assumed the duties 
of the office. Being now in the seventeenth year of this service, the time has fully come when 
I may retire from its special responsibilities and resume my duties as a Trustee. 

'There are, to-day, but three of our Board who were members in 1894. To them, and 
to all who have since joined us, I wish to ofler my grateful thanks for the confidence and afiectiun 
which has surrounded me — far beyond any share which I could have either expected or deser\ cd 
— from the beginning until to-day. 

'During this whole term, I have the consciousness of knowing that no action of im- 
portance has ever been taken without the knowledge and approval of the Board. 

'It had been upon my mind to retire from the Provostship some months ago; but it 
seemed to be right to remain for the time being and to see that all departments of the L nivcrsity 
were well started at the beginning of the new academic year. It is, therefore, a part of this note 


I -ion.-, tA 

\ I 



,' ! I 

to say that my resignation will take place at the convenience of the Board, not later than Decem- 
ber 31, 1910. 

'Having already enjoyed the privilege of membership in the Board of Trustees for nearly 
thirty-five years, my mind l<^jks forward with happiness to a continued association in University 

'I remain, with affection, and with my best thanks, 

'Faithfully yours, 

'Chas. C. H.\rrison."' ' 

Alfred Craven Harrison, son of Georgia Leib Harrison and 
Sarah Ann Waples, was born in Philadelphia, February 20, 1846. 
He was educated at the school kept by Mr. Martin, on School 
House Lane, Germantown; under JMiss Learned, in St. Luke's 
Parish School; at the Episcopal Academy, and at St. Mark's School, 
on Locust Street, above Sixteenth. The head master of the latter 
was the Rev. John Andrews Harris, of the Class of 1852, Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. Mr. Harrison entered the University of 
Pennsylvania in i860, and was graduated in the College Depart- 
ment in 1864, with the degree of Bachelor of -Arts, and later received 
the degree of Master of Arts. 

In the early summer of 1863, upon General Lee's invasion of 
Pennsylvania, and before the Battle of Gettysbu^^g, Alfred C. Har- 
rison, aged but seventeen years, enlisted in the First Troop, Phila- 
delphia City Cavalry, and served three months during that emer- 

He entered the firm of Harrison, Havemeyer and Company, 
at the Franklin Sugar Refiner}-, in October, 1864, and continued in 
the business with his brothers and brother-in-law until the retirement 
of the company in 1892. 

The "Harrison Building," Fifteenth and Market Streets, 
Philadelphia, was erected by Mr. Harrison in 1896. This structure, 
designed by Cope & Stewardson from the French Renaissance of 
the period of Francis. L is undoubtedly one of the finest of the 
ofifice buildings in Philadelphia. 

Mr. Harrison is a director of the Lehigh Valley Railroad 
Company; the Bound Brook Company; the North Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company; the Philadelphia National Bank; the Penn- 
sylvania Company for Insurance on Lives and Granting Annuities; 
and of the Western Savings Fund Society. He is a manager of the 
Franklin Reformatory^ Home; a Trustee of the Franklin Institute, 
of the House of Refuge, the Williamson Free School of Mechanical 
Trades, the Merchants' Fund, and of the Pennsylvania Academy of 
the Fine Arts. 

His great interest has been in the improvement of the House 
of Refuge, of which he has been a manager since 1892. His gifts to 
this institution include the gy^mnasium for the Boys' Department, 

'Old Penn Weekly Review, Volume IX, p. 7. 


■l;- •' > ■ !ll 

with an endowment for instruction and repairs; a steam and electric 
plant; and a Christmas Fund for boys not otherwise remembered. 

He gave,.the farm for the Girls' Department at Darlington, 
Delaware County, with improvements, power house, pumping 
station, roads, etc., amounting to upwards of $50,000. "But more 
than land and buildings, he has given, untiringly, personal care and 
interest that have been a constant inspiration to all engaged' with 
him in the House of Refuge." 

The financial standing of the Franklin Institute has been 
greatly benefited through Air. Harrison's efiforts. The money left 
by Benjamin Franklin for this purpose was turned over to the 
institution by the Board of City Trusts. This amounted to $125,000, 
to which Mr. Harrison added a gift of $50,000, April 9, 190S. The 
plans for a new building for the Franklin Institute, at Sixteenth and 
Arch Streets, were changed by the city's new Boulevard, but the 
money will eventually be used for a new building. 

Alfred 'C. Harrison married, April 4, 1872, Kate de Forest 
Sheldon, daughter of William Crawford Sheldon of New York, and 
Mary de Forest, his wife. 

William Welsh Harrison, son of George Leib Harrison and 
Sarah Ann Waples, was born May 4, 1850, at old number 267 Pine 
Street, Philadelphia. He was named for William Welsh; ^ was edu- 
cated in the Germantown Academy, on School House Lane, and 
in Mr. Henry Gregory's School, at Eleventh and Market Streets. 
He became a member of the Sophomore Class of the University of 
Pennsylvania in 1866, graduating in 1869, with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts, and later received that of Master of Arts. In 1904 the 
honorary degree of LL.D. was conferred upon him by Ursinus 

Immediately upon graduating in 1869, Mr. Harrison entered 
the Franklin Sugar Refineiy, and after serving an apprenticeship, 
was admitted as a member of the firm of Harrison, Havemeyer & 
Company, and so remained until the retirement of the company in 
1892. Of his connection with the business his senior partner said: 
"He was the 'sugar manufacturer' of the refinery. During all the 
twenty-three years there never was a more devoted and painstaking 
partner than he. He cared naught for hours; it mattered not how 
early he arrived, nor how late he left. Every' day in all seasons he 

• William Welsh of Philadelphia, philanthropist, born September 2, 1S07; died February U, 187S. 
He was a merchant of the firm of W. & S. Welsh; occupied many public posts; for some 
years was proprietor of The North American and of the Philadc'lphin Gazette. His great 
interest was in behalf of the North American Indians. He was instrumental in estabUsh- 
ing night schools and the Paid Fire Department; was a founder of the Episcopal Hospital, 
and secured the establishment of the Board of Public Trusts of the City of Philadelphia. 


■{ -. 

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: )i!'i ■: ivyn'i o 'nil M^i.' J:3iy)i;; 

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went into the heart of the work, and everj^ man in the service of the 
firm was devoted to him. His abiHty to get down to the smallest 
detail in an enormous plant, and the handling of men, was extra- 
ordinar>\ His motto was not to say 'Go!' but 'Come!'" 

While of the Franklin Sugar Refining Company, William W. 
Harrison conceived the idea of establishing an emergency hospital 
at the refinery. A building on Penn Street was fitted with modern 
improvements, and Dr. W. AI. L. Coplin, assisted by Dr. D. Bevan, 
"proceeded to systematize the construction of a modern receiving 
ward, complete in every detail." ^ During the summer, hundreds of 
the employees, suffering from heat exhaustion, were successfully 
treated by Doctors Coplin, Bevan and Sommers and their four 
helpers. Later, Francis J. Kelly, M.D., had full charge of the hospital. 

Mr. Harrison joined his brothers in founding the John Harrison 
Laboratory of Chemistry of the Universit>- of Pennsylvania, and his 
family in building and endowing the George L. Harrison Memorial 
House of the Episcopal Hospital. He has been a constant contributor 
to the University of Pennsylvania. 

In ISSl he purchased "Roscdale," the farm and country seat 
of J. Thomas Audenreid. This estate is on Willow Grove Turnpike, 
in Cheltenham Township, Mofitgomen,- County. Here a building 
of Chestnut HiU blue sandstone, designed by Horace Trumbauer, was 
erected, encasing, and preserving the rooms of the old "Rosedale" 
mansion. "Rosedale Hall" and its contents were entirely destroyed 
by a fire discovered at one o'clock in the morning of Januar\' 14, 
1893. Mr. Harrison and his family had but time to escape from 
their beds. The thermometer stood at two degrees above zero, and 
the ground was covered with snow. They found shelter in the 
stables until clothing could be procured. 

Preparations were at once made for rebuilding, Mr. Trum- 
bauer designed from Alnwick Castle,^ a structure of Chestnut Hill 
gray stone, with Indiana limestone trimmings, two hundred and 
twenty-five feet long, with a depth of one hundred and eighty-five 
feet. Six great towers, surmounted with massive battlements, divide 
the principal front. On the east and north the building is sur- 
rounded by terraces paved with marble mosaic, bordered by stone 
balustrades. On the south front an open court enclosed with 
balustrades terminates in a stone stairway, winding down to the 

• "In speaking of the cost and the motive and the end of the service, Dr. Coplin said: 'This costs 
flSO.OO a day. It is the practical, business-like application of humanitarian sense on the 
part of Mr. Harrison, who, in this respect, is the most remarkable man I have ever seen.' " 
— Newspaper Clipping. 

' Alnwick Castle, the seat of the Duke of Northumberland, adjoining the town of Alnwick, 
Northumberland County, England, is supposed to have been founded by the Romans. It 
covers five acres, is one of the noblest mansions in England, and has belonged to the Percy 
family since the reign of Edward II (1327). 


' --fii 

carriage dri\-c, ten feet below. In this court is the conservatory witli 
a great glass dome. When finished, the name of "Gre>- Towers" 
was found to be more appropriate than "Rosedale Hall." 

William Welsh Harrison is a member of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania; the Academy of the Fine Arts; of the Phila- 
delphia, University, Rittenhouse and Rabbit Clubs. He married 
Bertha Marie Whyte, and had two children, Geraldine Harrison, 
born March 26, 1881, and William Welsh Harrison, Jr., born October 
25, 1884.. 

Mitchell Harrison, son of George Leib Harrison and Letitia 
H. Mitchell, his second wife, born in Philadelphia, April 14, 1858, 
was educated in private schools and in the Rugby Academy of 
Philadelphia, of which Air. Smith was principal. He went to St. 
Paul's School, Concord, New Hampshire, in 1872, where he remained 
four years. In 1876 he entered Harvard University, was graduated 
with the Class of 1880, and received the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 

Mr. Harrison married first, October 26, 1882, Virginia Merrit 
Norris, daughter of S. Henn,^ Norris and Mary, his wife. She was 
born September 29, 1859, and died February 8, 1895; buried in 
Laurel Hill Cemeten,', Pljiladelphia. The school building at the 
Home of Our Merciful Saviour, in West Philadelphia, was erected 
to her memon,- by Mr. Harrison. 

He was a member of the Franklin Sugar Refining Company, as 
previously stated. When the business was sold to the American 
Sugar Refining Company in 1892, Mr. Harrison remained at the 
refinery until the autumn of 1893, and aided in the reorganization 
of the cornpany. 

Mitchell Harrison joined his family in building and endowing 
the George Leib Harrison Memorial House at the Episcopal Hospital. 
On July 25, 1903, he married Margaret Janet Smith. 

Mr. Harrison is an expert horseman and was an active member 
of the Radnor Hunt. He is a member of the Rittenhouse Club of 
Philadelphia, the University Club of New York, and the Metropolitan 
Club of Washington. He has resided in London for some years, 
where he is a member of the St. James's and Ranelagh Clubs. 


Seventh Gener.^tion 

VII. Thomas Harrison married Mary Ranell. 

VI. Thomas Harrison married Sarah Bawne. 

V. Thomas Harrison married Hannah Benson. 

IV. Thomas Harrison married Sarah Richards. 

III. John Harrison married Lydia Leib. 

II. George Leib Harrison married Sarah Ann Waples. 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 



■\ ■ .: ■'^ 

William Welsh Harrison, LL.D. 

?*^j...t, . -J ^ : - ^ ■ - -' -i. ~>^- ■ 



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<■ fr iiffliniftiirrfi Mtfiii!aF»iif*nirffiinD».aa 




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JOHN GEORGE LEIB, said to have been a native of Stras- 
burg, Germany, was born about the year 1730. He arrived in 
Philadelphia in September, 1753, on the ship Patience, commanded 
by Captain Hugh Steel, which had sailed from Rotterdam, stopping 
at Cowes, England. On the passenger list appears, "Hans Georg 
Leib sick." ^ 

On August 11, 1757, "Johann Georg Leib" and Margretha 
Dorothea Liebheit were married in St. Michael's and Zion Lutheran 
Church, Philadelphia. The witnesses to the marriage were Balthasar 
Fleischer and Andreas Grubel. In all other records his name appears 
simply as George Leib. 

He was a tanner, and on June 30, 1763, purchased from Joseph 
and Eleanor \V,7.tkins, a tan-yard and lands on the Germantown 
Road, in the Northern Liberties of Philadelphia, bounded partly by 
the Shackamaxon or Cohocksink Creek. This property was on the 
east side of Front Street, north of Brown, and was sold by the children 
of George Leib to Thomas and Benjamin Williams, September 24, 
1803.2 In 1793, George Leib and his son. Dr. Michael Leib, resided 
at 445 North Front Street.^ 

George Leib was a witness to the will of Robert Hulme of 
Philadelphia, October 3, 1771, and to the will of Anna Magdalena 
i'enton of Philadelphia, December 24, 1773. 

He was an active participant in the proceedings of the citizens 
of Philadelphia for the safety and defense of the Province against 
the British Government, and was elected a member of the Committee 
of One Hundred in 1775. At Philadelphia, June 30, 1775, it was 
"Resolved, That this House Approves the Association entered into 
by the Good People of this colony for the Defence of their Lives, 
Liberties, and Property." 

"At an election held on Wednesday last, at the State House, 
for chasing a Committee for the city of Philadelphia and its Dis- 

' I'ennsylvania Archives, Second Series, Volume XVII, p. 387. 
• t'liiUdelphia Deed Book, E. F. Xo. 13, pp. 678, 679. 
> Philadelphia Directory, 1793. 



l[ l>!;;.oA nr^ 

'( I 

,l;hl...' :•< 

tricts, the following Gentlemen were duly chosen," viz.: for the 
Northern Liberties, George Leib, William Coates, William Masters, 
John Dickinson, Charles Thompson, and seven others. 

For the City of Philadelphia, Benjamin P^ranklin, George 
Clymcr, Sharpe Delaney, Thomas Miftlin, Owen Diddle, Richard 
Bachc, William Rush, Joseph Wetherill, Jacob Morgan, John Cad- 
wallader, William Bradford, Thomas M'Keart,, Robert Morris, 
Richard Willing, John Benezet, William Wister, and others were 

The members of this committee, acting under direction of the 
Committee of Safety, of which Benjamin Franklin w^as president, 
had supervision over the military associations, etc. In addition to 
his duties as a member of the Committee of Observation and De- 
fense, George Leib was a member of Captain Isaac Cooper's Com- 
pany of the Second Battalion of Philadelphia County Militia, in 1780.^ 

The General Assembly of the State of Pennsylvania, by "A 
Supplement to the Act Entitled 'An Act for the Erecting and Opening 
a Loan Office for the Sum of Fifty Thousand Pounds and for other 
purposes therein mentioned,'" passed September 10, 1785, appointed 
George Leib and others to sign an issue of paper money in denomi- 
nations of twenty, fifteen, ten, five, two and one shillings, and nine 
and three-pence pieces. 

The section of the statute reads: "Be it enacted by the authority 
aforesaid^ That Levy Budd, James Laughead, George Leib, John 
Baker, William Wertz, Francis Mentges, Joseph Kerr, John Miller, 
James Glentworth, John Steel, George Goodwin, Joseph Marsh, 
Henrs' Kammerer, Michael Shubart and Robert Bridges, shall be, 
and they are hereby appointed signers for the said bills of credit in 
addition to those appointed in and by the act last recited." 

This issue was to raise funds for the payment of £130,000 
to the heirs of Thomas and Richard Penn, late proprietaries of 
Pennsylvania, the State's quota towards paying the interest of 
the debts of the United States, the State, etc. The signatures 
of three persons were required to each piece of currency.'^ 

George Leib was a witness to the wnlls of William Schuler of 
Philadelphia, September 20, 1783, and Matthias Landenberger of 
the Northern Liberties, October 23, 1788. He and his son, Michael, 
were witnesses to the will of Richard Farmer of Philadelphia, "Prac- 
titioner in Physick," dated September 13, 1789. It is possible that 
the latter was the preceptor of Dr. Michael Leib. George Leib also 
witnessed the wills of Levi Budd of the Northern Liberties, April 4, 
1789, and Mar\- Child of Philadelphia, Januar>' 21, 1798. 

' The Pennsylvania Gazette, August 23, 1775. 

'Pennsylvania Archives, Sixth Scries, Volume I, p. 681. 

» The Statutes at Large of Pennsylvania, Volume XI, pp. 434, 481; XII, pp. 23, 24, 2S. 



Mitchell Harrison. 






"■^ir^tHaiWiffihliri'tfWii-yiV i ■ 



He died of yellow fever in Philadelphia, October 9, 1798. 
His will, dated on the "day of his death, was proved October 16, 1798. 
He mentioned his wife Dorothy, and children, Michael, Sarah, John, 
Lydia and Hester; appointed his son Michael and wife Dorothy, 
executors. Witnesses, Abraham Howell and Henry Town.' 

Dorothy, the wid^w of George Lcib, did not long survive him. 
She died of the same disease, November 5, 1798, and was buried beside 
lier husband in St. Michael's and Zion Churchyard." When this 
burial ground was abandoned their remains were removed to Laurel 
Hill Cemetery, where the original tombstones may be seen, with 
these inscriptions: "Here lies the body of George Leib Esqr Who 
died of the Yellow Fever October 9th, 1798, Aged 63 years and 5 
months." "Here Lies the body of Dorothy Leib, Wife of George 
Leib Esqr who died of The Yellow Fever, November 5th, 1798 
Aged 62 Years." 


1. Michael Leib, born January 8, 1760, was baptized in St. Michael's and Zion Church, 
Philadelphia, January 27, 1760. He studied medicine and practiced in 
Philadelphia. He served during the Revolutionary War, having been com- 
missioned, August 10, 17S0, Surgeon of Colonel Benjamin G. Evre's Battalion 
of Philadelphia Militia, as shown bv "A Muster roll of the field and staS 
^fficErs of the Second Battalion of ^Iilitia, from the City of Philaclelphia, in 
the State of Pennsvlvania, now encamped in Nev/ Jersey, and their waiters, 
August 31, 1780." •>■ 

During the vear 1793 the people of Philadelphia were e.\cited to a 
high pitch of enthusiasm by the events of the French Revolution. On July 
4, 1793, the first Democratic Society established in the United States was 
organized, with David Rittenhouse as president; William Coats and Charles 
Biddle, vice-presidents; .Alexander J. Dallas, Michael Leib, Jonathan Dickin- 
son Sergeant and David Jackson, committee of correspondence. The mem- 
bers of the Society, together with those of the French Patriotic Society, cele- 
brated the anniversary bv a dinner at George Lesher's tavern, Xo. 94 South 
Second Street. This' sympathy, exhibited by the United States towards 
France, aroused the deep resentment of the British Government and led to 
offensive measures on the part of the latter, resulting in the embargo laws.< 
When the vellow fever was prevalent in Philadelphia in 1793, "\ 
Number of Citizens met at the Citv Hall the 12th September, 1793. The 
Mayor in the Chair. Mr. James Wilson an overseer of the poor reported the 
situation of the sick and poor at Bush-Hill, and that Dr. Physick, Dr. Cathral, 
Dr. Annan and Dr. Leib, are the attending Physicians at that place." ' _ 

Dr. Leib became one of the most prominent figures of his time in 
the political life of Philadelphia. In 1801 he was dined and toasted in Poplar 
Lane, "for his patriotic services." The following year he was said to control 

• Philadelphia Will Book Y, p. 15. ^ , 

• Chypoole's American Daily Advertiser, November 8, 1798. The Public Ledger, October 3, 1874. 

"George Leib, buried October 10, German Lutheran graveyard; his widow buried there, 
November 6." History of the Pestilence, commonly called Yellow Fever, which almost 
desolated Philadelphia, in the months of August. September and October, lygS. 

• Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, Volume XIII, p. 700 (1896). 

'Scharf and Westcott's i/iJ.'ory o/PAi7arff//)Aia, Volume I, pp. 472, 474. . , _ . 

' ilinutes of the Proceedings of the Committee, etc. (Collection of the Historical Society of 


// TI-S.l 

his' party, and al a banquet held at Hambiiri; Tavern, on tlie Scliu\lkill, 
to celebrate the election of Guvernor McKean, Dr. Leib was president, Dr. 
Betton, vice-president, and Governor McKean the honored guest. 

In 1S04, when Louisiana was acquired, the friends of President JelTer- 
.son gave a celebratiori, Mav 12tli. The parade terminated at Centre Sr|uare, 
(site of the present City Hall), "where an oration was delivered by Dr. Michael 

On June 28, 1S07, the intellicrence of the Chesapeake outrage 
reached Philadelphia. A meeting held July 1st, in the State House yard, 
Philadelphia, resolved to support the Government, pledged themselves that 
the (Ntizens of Philadelphia would discountenance all intercourse with the 
vessels of war belonging to Great Britain, and would withhold from them all 
supplies or assistance that might be necessary to their aid and subsistence. 
The committee of correspondence appointed to carry out the objects of this 
meeting was composed of Charles Biddle, Richard Dale, George Clynier,' 
Michael Leib, Joseph Hopkinson, George Bartram, Edward Tilghman and 

At the military election late in June, 1S07, Dr. Michael Leib was 
elected Brigadier-General of the Second Brigade of Philadelphia Militia.J 
He was at this time opposing the administration of Governor McKean. and 
in the previous Autumn had been challenged to a duel by Thomas McKean, 
Jr. In May, 1S07, the grand jury found indictments against young McKean 
and his second. Major Dennis; Dr. Leib had accepted the challenge, but the 
indictments against him for so doing were ignored.-* 

Dr. Leib had served as a State Representative, and as a Democrat 
was elected a Representative from Pennsylvania to the Sixth, Seventh, Eighth 
and Ninth Congresses of the United States, resigning in 1S06. He was a 
Presidential Elector on the Democratic ticket in ISOS. Elected as United 
States Senator from Pennsylvania (vice Samuel Maclay, resigned), January 
19, 1809, and served until his resignation in IS 14, to accept the postmaster- 
ship of Philadelphia. 

In 1S09 Dr. Leib and William Duane, editor of The Aurora, were 
strong opponents of Governor Simon Snyder. When the anti-Snyder party 
established ''The Whig Society of Pennsylvania" in 1810, Michael Leib was 
a member of its committee of correspondence. In 1814, after the city of 
Washington had been captured by the British forces, a town meeting was 
held in the State House yard in Philadelphia, presided over by ex-Go\ernor 
McKean, then eighty years of age. A committee was appointed, composed 
of Jared Ingersoll, Charles Biddle, vice-president of the Supreme Executive 
Council of Pennsylvania, and others. By the resolution of this body Dr. 
Leib was one of those appointed as a committee of defense. ^ 

"In 1811 Dr. Michael Leib, of the Senate of the United States, lived 
on the north side of Vine Street one or two doors east of Fourth. In the 
course of a year or two he moved to the corner of Third and Tammany Streets."' 

He died in Philadelphia, December 28, 1822. "Died, on Saturday 
last, of a lingering illness, which he has borne with the constancy and fortitude 
becoming his distinguished and elevated character. Dr. Michael Leib. The 
friends of the family are invited to attend the funeral from his late dwelling, 
at the North East corner of Third and Tammany streets. Northern Liberties, 
on Tuesday morning, the 31st. instant, at 10 o'clock. . . . The College 
of Physicians are particularly invited to attend the funeral of their late 
Member Dr. Michael Leib, on Tuesday next, at 10 o'clock."" 

The wife of Dr. Leib was Susan Kennedy, of Scotch descent. They 
had four children; George Clinton Leib, Elizabeth Leib, Henry Franklin 
Leib and Lavina Leib. 

His will, dated February 2, 1822. proved January 3, 1823, rnentioned 
his children, George Clinton and Henry Franklin Leib; appointed his friends. 

' George Clymer was a signer of the Declaration of Independence. 
' Scharf and Westcott's History of Philadelphia, Volume I, p. 528. 

1 Commission from Governor McKean, dated August 3, 1807, in possession of Parthenia P. Ruel- 
ker, 1434 Q Street, Washington (1910), granddaughter of Dr. Leib. 

* Scharf and Westcott's History of Philadelphia, Volume I, p. 529. 

5 Scharf and Westcott's History of Philadelphia. Volume I, pp. 511, 513. 519, 539, 545, 571_. A 
Biographical Congressional Dictionary of the United States. O. M. Enyart, 1903, p. 650. 

* The Pennsylvania Magazine, Volume IV, pp. 418, 419. 

' Poulson's American Daily Advertiser, Monday, December 30, 1822. 


Dr. Michael Leib, 1760-1822. 

From portrait in possession of 

Provost Charles Custis Harrison. 

»»ry?^ M»,wv«»il..V ^ qjj i iy ,;>-i^,,Mijt|^ i ^ ' M B WIiJ^-jiH»* ' ^m-'W«^ 

'T***^ ^'■*' 

■Mafa^-, 4,1^;%^ ■ -.yi' v-r,^ i, 4.'<Bi i- ■.-.tajiJtfi 

k * , • 

Stephen Simmons, Joseph Strouse aiifi Caleb Carnialt, trustees; mentioned 
his bruther, John I., l.eib; sister, Lytha Harrison and her children, and his 
sister, SariUi Riley; appointed the above-named friends, his wife and his 
brother-in-law, John Harrison, executors. Witnesses, John Simmons and 
Jonathan Carmalt.' 

i ■ "Died yesterday, August 2d, at 12 o'clock, Mrs. Susan Leib, relict 

?•, of the late Ur. Leib. Her friends are invited to attend the funeral from her 

J late dwcllingf. No. 204 North Fourth street, this afternoon, at 5 a'clock."" 

i 2. Dorothy Leiu, born December 2S, 17ol; baptized in 9t. Michael's and Zion Church, 

f' February 7, 1762, when her sponsors were Michael Fuchs, widower; Hannah 

i' Gutin, -single, Sebastian Meyer and his wife Elizabeth. Buried at same 

. church October S, 1762. 

3. HANN.A.H Leib, twin to Dorothy, baptized same day; buried November S, 1762. 

4. SARAH LEHi, married, by license dated December 30, 1784, John Riley of Phila- 

5. John Lewis Leih, admitted to the Philadelphia Bar, Julv 7, 1795. Clerk of 
Common Council of Philadelphia, ISOt,; Clerk of Select Council, 1802; 
appointed Clerk of- the Orphans' Court, l^ccember 21, ISOl. He became 
Judge of the United States District Court, near Detroit; married Margaret 
— . Died in Detroit, April 16, 1S3S.5 

6. LYDLA LF21B, born January 15, 1777; baptized in St. Michael's and Zion Church, 
'Philadelphia, February 6, 1777, as Margareta Lydia Leib. Her sponsors 

were Johann Christopher and Henrietta Margaretta Kunze.-* Married in 
Christ-Church, Philadelphia, November 27, 1S02, to John Harrison of Phila- 
delphia. The celebrated Dr. Kunze^ was a very close friend of the Leibs. 
A number of his long and interesting letters to his god-daughter, Lydia Leib 
Harrison, are in the possession of her grandson, Provost Charles C. Harrison, 
of Philadelphia. 

■ Philadelphia Will Book No. 7, p. 590. 
• F'oulson's American Dailv Advertiser, August 3, 1826. 
3 Martin's Beitch and Bar 'of Philadelphia, pp. 71, 112, 114, 286. 
« Original baptism;-} cectificate in possession of Provost Charles C. Harrison. 
'John Christopher Kunze, clergyman, born in Artern, Saxony, August 4, 1744; died in New 
York City, July 24, 1S07. He received a classical education at Rossleben and Merseburg, 
and his theological education at Leipsic; taught higher branches in the school at Closter- 
Bergen, near Magdeburg. Was selected by the theological faculty at Halle to go to America, 
in response to an application for a minister from St. Michael's and Zion Lutheran congre- 
gation at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and arrived in Philadelphia in September, 1770. 
W'hile residing in. Philadelphia he opened a theological seminary, which the Revolutionary 
W'ar brought to an end. During the British occupation Zion Church was converted into a 
hospital and St. Michael's was used half the day as a garrison church. He was appointed a 
B professorin the University of Pennsylvania in 17S0, giving instructions in Gerrnan, the Oriental 

W. languages and literature. Received the degree of M..A. from University of Pennsylvania, 

's, 1780, and that of D.D. in 1783. Accepted a call to New York in 1784, where he labored 

'5 until his death. Professor of Oriental languages and literature in Columbia. 17S4-7 and 

[a 1792-9. His ability as a Hebrew and Arabic scholar was recognized outside of his church. 

i'S First presiding officer of the Lutheran Synod of 1786. Dr. Kunze was one of the earliest 

'S of the educated Germans in .America to urge the expediency of giving the German youth 

if .an education in the English language. His published work's include a Concise History of 

I the Lutheran Church, and many others. {Appleton's Biographical Cyclopedia.) 

g The iodmother of Lydia Leib, and wife of the Rev. John Christopher Kunze, was Hen- 

^ rietta Margaretta, daughter of the Rev. Henrich Melchior Muhlenberg, D.D., by his wife, 

I Anna Maria, daughter of Conrad Weiser of Berks County, "the noted representative of the 

§ provincial government in its dealings with the Indians." Dr. Muhlenberg was "the most 

g eminent among the founders of the Lutheran Church in this country." His son, John 

I Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg, was the well-known preacher-colonel of the Revolution, who, 

I while pastor of the Lutheran congregation at Woodstock, Virginia, in 17J5, accepted a 

« colonel's commission in the Virginia line from W'ashington. Addressing his congregation 

3 after services one Sunday, he is reported to have said; "There is a time to preach and _a 

^ time to pray; but there is also a time to fight, and that time has now come," following this 

? remark by throwing back his clerical robe and e.xposing a colonel's uniform and reading his 

commission. He served through the War with the greatest distinction, and was afterwards 
i, a Sienator of the United States. General Muhlenberg's statue is one of the two contributed 

I by Pennsylvania to Statuarv Hall in the Capitol of the United States. {The Pennsylvania- 

I German, Volume XI, pp. 103, 107.) 

1 [57] 

,T, \ 

' > J J 

1 1 1 ^ 1 


I' 'i ! 


T il 

, 1 



' \,r- 

7. Hester Leih, born Auc;iist 7, 17S0; married in the Fir.-t Baptist Church, Philadelphia, 
February 8, 17'>7, Geori;e \V. Morsan, who was burn August S, 1776, and died 
August 22, 1S3S. Slie died Xoveniber 14, 1S48. Both buried at All Saints' 
Church, Torrcsd.ile, rcnnsylvaiiia. 

George W . Morgan was the son of General Jacob Morgan of the 
Revolution. Brigadier-General Jacob Mhrgan was born in Western Penn- 
sylvania in 1742; enlisted in one of the Provincial regiments at the at;e of 
fifteen and was Adjutant at the time of peace in 176J. During the Revo- 
lution, Major of Colonel John Dickinson's regiment in the Battles of Trenton 
and Princeton. .After the war he became a merchant, member of the Penn- 
• sylvania Assembly from Philadelphia County, Presidential Elector in ISOO, 
and voted for Jefterson. 
■ ■ ■ Elected Brigadier-General of the Philadelphia County Brigade in 

1793, and held the commission until June 3, 1S02. Died at Point-no-Point, 
September 17, IS02, aged 60 years.' 

The Philadelphia Directory of 17S5 shows "Jaeob Morgan, sugar 
merchant. Second between Arch and Race Streets." In 1791, "Jacob Morgan 
sugar refiner, 7 7 Vine Street." » * 

"The sugar house was on the rear of Second Street, on Moravian 
Alley, and accessible by a four or five foot passage, lettered on each wall, 
first, Muhlenberg & Schaclier, and again, Piersol & Schaeffer. Muhlenberg 
, . & Schaeffer in 1795; Morgan, Douglas & SchaetTer afterwards continued 

the business, and later, Piersol & Schaeffer." ' 
. Morgan, Douglass & Shaffer, Sugar Refiners, were located at 54 

and 56 North Third Street in 1797 and 1798. 

The will of Jacob Morgan, Esquire, of the Northern Liberties of the 

» City of Philadelphia, late of the firm of Morgaf,.& Douglas, Sugar Refiners, 

dated June 29, 1S02, was proved September 24, 1S02. He mentioned his 

wife Barbara, and children, Elizabeth Sergeant, George and Rachel Morgan.^ 

Through S.\r.\h Leib 
Fifth Generation 
V. John George Leib married Margaret Dorothy Liebheit. 
IV. Sarah Leib married John Riley. 

III. Lydia Leib Riley married Nathaniel Waples. 

II. Sarah -Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 

Through Lydia Leib 
Fourth Gener.\tion 

IV. John George Leib married Margaret Dorothy Liebheit. 

III. Lydia Leib married John Harrison. 

II. George Leib Harrison married Sarah Ann Waples. 
L William Welsh Ha 

" Claypoole's American Daily Advertiser, February 10, 1797. Westcott's MS. History of 
Philadelphia. (Collection of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.) Volume V, chapter 
852. Philadelphia Will Book Y, p. 729. Philadelphia Directories of 1797 and 1798. 

'History of the Moravian Church in Philadelphia, 1857, p. 271. 

' Philadelphia Will Book V, p. 729. 


Dr. Michael Leib. 1760-1822. 

From silhouettt. owned by 

Provost Charles Custis Harrison 

§ ; 



ROWLAND RICHARDS, or Richard, a Welsh Friend or 
"Quaker," was born Second month 9th, 1660.^ He was in Penn- 
sylvania as early as Fifth month 16th, 1686, when he was a witness 
to the second marriage of Hugh John Thomas or Hugh Jones and 
Margaret Da\id. 

He married. Catherine Jones, daughter of the said Hugh John 
Thomas or Hugh Jones, by a former marriage, and received from his 
father-in-la,w, by deed of gift, a house and tract of land in Alerion, 
Pennsylvania. This plantation, Rowland Richards sold to Cad- 
walader Morgan, January 19, 1707-8," and on the following day 
bought three hundred and eighteen acres of land in TredylTrin Town- 
ship, Chester County, from David Powell and John Cadwalader. 

Rowland Richards died Eighth month 9th, 1720. His widow 
Catherine, who was born Fourth month 20th, 1668, died Fifth month 
20th, 1758.3 


1. ROWLAND RICHARDS, Jr., marriedafterFourth month 26th, 1716, Sarah Thomas. 

2. Jou.N' Richards. , . , ,. : 

3. Samuel Richards. 

4. Ruth Richards. . ' . 

5. Elizabeth Richards. 

ROWLAND RICHARDS, Jr., son of Rowland Richards and 
Catherine Jones of Merion, Pennsylvania, born Second month 22d, 
1690, was a member of Haverford Monthly Meeting of Friends. 

The minutes of Gwynedd Monthly Meeting, Montgomery 
bounty, furnish the following record: At 'Gwynedd, Second month 

, i^';^'*^'''' family Record. 
Hh adelphia Deed Book E, No. 4, Volume 7, p. 108. 
Kichards' Family Record. 


A.\\'[ ^"1 

24lh, 1716, ""Sdly Rowland Richards and Sarah Thomas Declared 
their Intentions of marriage with each other the first time and he 
is Desired to produce a Certificate of his Clearness and Conversation 
from the meeting he belongs to, To our next Meeting." 

The minutes of Haverford Meeting show that on Third month 
10th, 1716, he received a certificate to marr>- Sarah Thomas. At 
Gwynedd Fourth month 26th, 1716, "Rowd Richard and Sarah 
Thomas Declared their Intentions of Marriage witb each other the 
second time his Certificate from Haverford Monthly Meeting was 
■ • read Gi\ing acct of his Clearness from all others & Conversation. 

They are left to their Liberty to Consumate their said Intentions. 
William Coulston and Thomas Pugh are appointed to See their 
Marriage Decently accomplished." 

Some time after his marriage Rowland Richards settled within 
the limits of Gw>:nedd Monthly Meeting, as shown by the following: 
At Haverford, Eleventh' month 9th, 1723-4, "Radnor Meeting pro- 
poses for a Certificate to Rowd Richd & his wife to Gwynedd 
Mo. Meeting: Lewis Walker & Evan Jones are desired to make 
Enquiry into his Conversation & bring an accot to next meeting." 

Their certificate was ordered to be signed by Haverford 
Meeting, Twelfth month 13th, 1723-4. When the certificate was 
recorded, the following note was made concerning Rowland Richards 
and his ^vife: "they being removed since the beginning of last 
Sumer, they lived amongst us about five year, the small meeting 
which they weekly frequented finds the miss of them." 
i'-vyr. About twenty-two years later Rowland Richards settled in 

Ff t: iTJ t'; the townships of Ridley and Nether Pro\'idence, Chester (now 

Delaware) County, Pennsylvania. This was within the limits of 
Chester Monthly Meeting of Friends, and on Ninth month 25th, 
1745, he produced a certificate at Chester Meeting for himself, his 
wife Sarah and three of their younger children, Aquilla, Samuel 
and Sarah, from Gwynedd Meeting. Sarah received a certificate 
to Philadelphia, Ninth month 21st, 1759. 

He evidently died soon after his removal to Chester County, 
as his name does not appear on the tax list of 1747, or later. No 
record of his death has been found, and no settlement of his estate, 
by will or administration, appears in Chester County. 


1. Is.\AC Richards. 

2. John Richards, of Nantmel Township, Chester County. 

3. Elizabeth Richards, who produced a certificate from Gwynedd to Goshen Mcetine, 
dated 12, 27, 1749-50, which stated that when very young she was removed. 
She married, 3, 9, 1730, at Newtown Meeting, Joseph Yarnall. Their daughter 



Thomas Jefferson, President of the United States. 

From the silhouette he presented to Dr. Michael Leib, 

now in possession of 

Provost Charles Custis Harrison. 



^x -^ 


Jane is said to have been in love with a British otTicer at tlic time of the 
occupation of Philadelphia. The latter was captured and executed and Jane 
subse(|uently married Leonard Snowdcn. 

4. Aquilla Richards. 

5. Samuel Richards. 

6. SARAH RICH.XRDS, born in 1737; died 12.29. 1812. Married, 6, 21, 1764, Thomas 

Harrison, of Philadelphia. 

Sixth Generation 
VL Rowland Richards, Sr., married Catherine Jones. 
V. Rowland Richards, Jr., married Sarah Thomas. 
IV. Sarah Richards married Thomas Harrison. 
IIL John Harrison married Lydia Leib. 
H. George Leib Harrison married Sarah Ann VVaples. 
I. William Welsh Ha 



HUGH JONES, also known as Hugh John Thomas, which, ac- 
cording to the Welsh custom, signifies Hugh, the son of John Thomas, 
was a member of the religious Society of Friends or "Quakers," 
and was from Nantleidiog, Merionethshire, Wales. He settled at 
Merion, Pennsylvania, where he purchased one hundred and fifty- 
six acres and a quarter of land from the Merion Company in 1682." 

The name of the first wife of Hugh Jones is not known. He 
married second, at Merion, Fifth month 16th, 1686, Margaret David 
of Merion. He married third, at Radnor ivleeting of Friends, 
Eleventh month 18th, 1693, Ann Williams, spinster, of Radnor, who 
died in 1700.^ 

Hugh Jones removed from Merion to Plymouth, Philadelphia 
(now Montgomery) County, Pennsylvania, and married a fourth 
time. Ninth month 22d, 1703, Margaret Edwards, of Merion. 


THIS INDENTURE Made the Nineteenth day of the Month Called January in the 
Sixth Year of the Reign of Queen Ann over England Anno Domini One Thousand Seven hundred 
& Seven (Eight) Between Hugh Jones of the Township of Plymouth in the County of Philadelphia 
in the Province of Pennsylvania, Yeoman, and Rowland Richard of the Township of Merion in 
the said County, Yeoman, (the son in Law of the said Hugh Jones) of the one part and Cadwalader 
Morgan of Merrion aforesaid. Yeoman, of the other part. Whereas by force «& Virtue of a certain 
Grant or Patent under the hands of the Commissioners of William Penn, Proprietary and Governor 
of the said Province, Dated the Eighth day of November 1703, Recorded in Patent Book A. 
Volume 2, page 61 1, he the said Hugh Jones became Lawfully Seized of A certain Tract of Land 
Situate in Nlerion Containing Xinty two Acres of Land, And the said Hugh Jones having Erected 
a Messuage or Tenement & .Made a Plantation thereon Did (for the Love and affection which 
he had Towards his Son in Law Rowland Richa/d) give one Moiety thereof to him the said 
Rowland & afterwards for the sum of Forty pounds did sell the other Moiety thereof to the 
said Rowland Richard. NOW for as Much as the said Hugh Jones hath not Conveved the 
premises to the said Rowland Richard, THEREFORE THIS Indenture WITNESSETH that 
the said Hugh Jones in consideration of £120 paid by the said Cadwalader Morgan to the said 
Rowland Richard, Doth grant unto the said Cadwalader Morgan, the said Messuage Plantation 
and Ninty two Acres of Land. 

Signed by Hugh Jones and Rowland Richard, in the presence of John Cadwalader, 
Richard Heath and Hugh Evans.' 

• Merion in the Welsh Tract, p. 111. 
' Merion in the Welsh Tract, p. 111. 
1 Philadelphia Deed Book E, No. 4, Volume 7, p. 108. 


. .l: 

judge John Lewis Leib of Detroit. 

From painting in possession of 
Harrison Leib of Middletown, Ohio. 


ii ,My,pi»iiwtii^;.^ i ;itJ i ^»ip ff . i jW!g^ 8 fflt^^ 





Hugh Jones died in Plymouth in 1727-8. His will, dated March 
22, 1727-8, mentioned liis wiie Margaret, and children, Catherine 
Richard and Hugh; the Meeting at Plymouth; grandchildren, Row- 
land Richard, Alargarct Williams, Sarah Evan, John, Samuel, Ruth 
and Elizabeth Richard, and Gaynor Bowen. He appointed Hugh 
Jones executor. Witnessed by Hugh Foulke and Joseph Samuel.' 


1. CATHERINE JONES, born 4, 20, 1668; died 5, 20, 1758; married Rowland Rich- 

ards, Sr. 

2. Hugh Jones, who is said to have died in Plymouth, unmarried. 

3. Joseph Jones, born 4, 12, 1697. 


Seventh Generation 

VII. Hugh Jones of Wales. 

VI. Catherine Jones married Rowland Richards, Sr. 

V. Rowland Richards, Jr., married Sarah Thomas. 

IV. Sarah Richards married Thomas Harrison, 

III. John Harrison married Lydia Leib. 

II George I eib Harrison married Sarah Ann Waples. 

I William Welsh Harrison. 

• Philadelphia Will Book E, p. 74. 


h:vj: ■■10 ;.r-i;^u,!.ir 

^.i^^A^ :^A-.\ 


FRANCIS BENSON, of Salt Coatc, in the parish of Holm 
Cultram, Cumberland County, England, a member of the religious 
Society of Friends or "Quakers," was born in the year 1664. 

The parish of Holm Cultram is in Allerdale Ward, below the 
river Derwent. Here there was an "abbey of Cistercians, but there 
is now very little of the monastic buildings, and but a part of the 
church, in its original form, is standing. It is said by several writers 
that' this abbey was founded by Prince Henn,% son of David, King 
of Scotland, about the year 1150, and was dedicated to the Virgin 

"Camden describes this country in the follow.iiig manner: 
'After the shore has run a little way in a straight line, it bends in 
with a winding and crooked bay, which, therefore, seems to be the 
Maricambe that Ptolemy fixes hereabout; such agreement there is 
betwixt the nature of the place and the name; for the estuary is 
crooked and Maricambe signifies, in British, a crooked sea. Upon 
this is the Abbey of Ulme or Holme Cultrame founded by David, 
the first King of Scotland. But Vultsey, a fort hard by, was built 

■ Jolin Benson of VVray, in Grasmere, son of John Benson, who married at Hawkshead, 2d 
July, 1570, Margaret, daughter of George Sandys, Esq., of Graythwaite (brother of Edwin 
Sandys, Archbishop of York), was father of Thomas Benson, o'f Stang End and Skelwith, 

bom Dec, 1607, buried in Grasmere Church 3Ist March, ; married first at Hawlcs- 

head, ISth October, 1635, Elizabeth Sawrey; she died 16th November, 1636, leaving an 
only son, George Benson of Stang End, who joined the Society of Friends; born 14th August, 
1636, and died 19th October, 1712; married, 12th July, 1663, Margaret, daughter and heir 
of Jarnes Braithwaite, of Croft Head, Colthouse, parish of Hawkshead, etc. The Pedigrees 
of Wihon of High Wray and Kendall and The Families connected unth them, Sandys B. 
Foster. 1890, p. 106. 

The will of Robert Benson of Brockholes, Holme Cultram, dated December 1, 1616, 
proved February 11, 1616-17, mentioned his wife Elizabeth, and children, Thomas, jannet, 
Robert, John, Elizabeth and William. Carlisle Probate Registrv. 

The will of John Benson of Highlawes, Holme Cultram, dated April 26, 1617, proved 
June 16, 1617, mentioned his wife, Agnes, and children, John, Nicholas and Hugh. Wit- 
nessed by Anthony and Richard Benson. Carlisle Probate Registry. 

The will of Elizabeth Benson of Pellethow, Holme Cultram, widow, dated October 18, 
1633, proved November 2, 1633, mentioned children, Elizabeth Thomlinson, Robert, John, 
Thomas and William Benson; four daughters of son Thomas, and other legatees. Wit- 
nessed by William Benson. Carlisle Probate Registry. 

The will of Frances Benson of Pellethow, Holme Cultram, widow, dated July 16, 1666, 
proved April 2, 1667, mentioned children Mary and John. Witnessed by Robert Benson. 
Carlisle Probate Registry. 


:nir no ■. ::] Im jj^b 

,-. fiiV 


^^ Commander Thomas Jefferson Leib, U.S.N., 


Son of Judge John, Lewis Leib of Detroit. 


miniature in possession of his granddaughter, 

Mrs. Robert A. Semple. 


bv til. .ih 


' -i 




by the abbots for tlie securinc; of their treasures, their books, and 
their charters, against the sudden incursions of the Scots. Here, 
they say, were long preserved the magic books of Michael Scot, till 
they were mouldering into dust. He was a monk of this place about 
the year 1290, and applied himself so closely to the mathematics and 
other abstruse parts of learning, that he was generally looked on as 
a conjuror; and a vain credulous age has handed down I know not 
what miracles done by him.' " ' 

Francis Benson was married by Friends' ceremony, at Pard- 
shaw Cragg, Cumberland County, Fifth month 3d, 1701, to Anna 
Gill, daughter of John and Elizabeth Gill of Eaglesfield. Her parents 
were members of Pardshaw Monthly Meeting of Friends, where the 
marriage was recorded. Pardshaw is about four miles south of 
Cockermouth. Eaglesfield is midway between Pardshaw and Cock- 

Francis Benson resided at Stanger, Cumberland County, when 
his wife Anna died, the 6th of Ninth month, 1749. She was buried 
at Coc-vcrmouth, Ninth month 8th, 1749. The village of Stanger 
is on the Cocker River, about four miles southeast of Cockermouth. 

He died at Stanger, the 3d of Second month, 1752, aged 
eighty-eight vears, and was buried at Cockermouth,^ Second month 
5th, 1752. 


1. John Benson, born at Pardshaw Hall, 10, 5, 1702, 

2. HANNAH BENSON, married, after 2, 23, 1731, Thomas Harrison of Thurstonfield. 

3. Sarah Benson, married Daniel Saul, a member of Holme Monthly Meeting of Friends. 

They presented their intentions of marriage, 2, 16, 173S.'' 

4. Elizabeth Benson, married at Gillfoot. in the parish of Caldbeck, Cumberland 

County, 6, 16, 1739, Jonathan Harrison, son of John Harrison of Sowerby 
Row, Sowerby Parish, Cumberland.* 

5. Mary Benson. 

Sixth Generation ' 

VI. Francis Benson married Anna Gill. 
V. Hannah Benson married Thomas Harrison. 
IV. Thomas Harrison married Sarah Richards. 
III. John Harrison married Lydia Leib. 
II. George Leib Harrison married Sarah Ann Waples. 
I. William Welsh Harrison. 

•History of Cumberland County, Volume II, pp. 327, 328, 329. 
' Friends' Records, Devonshire House, London. 

• Friends' Records, Devonshire House, London. 

• Records of Cockermouth Preparative Meeting. 
' rnends' Records, Devonshire House. 


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JOHN GILL of Greysouthen, in the County of Cumberland, 
England, was born about the year 1633. Greysouthen is about five 
miles west-southwest of Cockermouth and two miles from Eagles- 

He was a member of the Society of Friends or "Quakers," 
and, like other dissenters of the time in England, suffered for liis 
religious convictions, as the following testifies: 

'■^' About the year 1670, John Gill of Greysouthen, County of 
Cumberland, "being with others in the Burying-place at Eaglesfield, 
read a paper of Christian Advice, written by William Dewsberry. 
For this he was fined £20, and being unable to pay it, the same 
was partly levied on Richard Fawcett and John Fearon, from whom, 
and others, for Meetings at Pardsay, were taken, corn, cattle and 
other goods, to the value of ^^35, 11 shillings." ^ 

John Gill and his wife Elizabeth were members of Pardshaw 
Monthly Meeting of Friends. The dates of their deaths are not 

1. ANNA GILL, born 7, 14, 1663; died 9, 6, 1749 married, S,3, 1701, Francis Benson. 


Seventh Generation 

VII. John Gill married Elizabeth . 

VI. Anna Gill married Francis Benson. 

V. Hannah Benson married Thomas Harrison. 

IV. Thomas Harrison married Sarah Richards. 

III. John Harrison married Lydia Leib. 

II. George Leib Harrison married Sarah Ann Waples. 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 

Hesse's Sufferings of the People Called Quaker';, Volume I, p. 132. 
Records of the Society of Friends, Devonshire House, London. 




Mrs. Thomas Jefferson Leib, 

nee Caroline Matilda Harrison, 1S03-1893. 

From photograph owned by 

Mrs. Robert A. Semple. 


wAPLEs ;; ;;,^;, 


I PETER WAPLES, born about the year 1645, was a planter 

on the eastern shore of Virginia. The name of Waples is said to 
j I have been derived from the Manor of Walpol or Walple in Norfolk, 

I I England.^ "All our x^ntiquaries agree that surnames have been 

I I taken from towns, offices, &c. and that this family had denomination 

i s from Walpole in Norfolk, where they were enfeoffed of lands belong- 

ing to-'clie fee of Ely, and was in England before the Conquest. 
The learned Camden also asserts. That the owner of Walpole, gave 
both that and Wisbich in the Isle of Ely to the Monastery of Ely, 
at the same time that he made his younger son, Alwin, a monk there: 
Which is farther evident from King Edward the Conqueror's con- 
firmation of the town of Walpole to the said monastery. 

"There are two distinct parishes in the town of that name, 
I viz. Walpole St. Andrew's and Walpole St. Peter's; at which last 

I the family had its residence, as appears by antient charters in the 

I custody of the late Sir Robert Walpole, created Earl of Orford, who, 

f out of his great regard to the memory of his ancestors, favoured me 

I with a perusal of them. 

I "The Coat of Arms of Walpole, Earl of Orford, were: Or, on 

I a fess between two chevronels, sable, three cross-croslcts of the first. 

I "Crest. On a wreath, the bust of a man, side-faced, couped 

I proper, ducally crowned, with a long cap on, gules, thereon a Cather- 

I ine-wheel or." ^ 

I The first record of Peter Waples in Virginia is found in a law- 

I suit, viz. : 

I "Att a Court in the County of Northampton the 29th day of 

t Decembr A dom 1674: 

I "prsent Coll. Jno Stringer Coll. JnQ Custis Major Wm Spencer 

I Capt. Jno Savage. 

} "In the difference dependinge betweene JnQ Curtis pit. and 

I Peter Waple deft the Court findes noe cause of Action, Upon the 

' History of the State of Delaware, 1899, Volume I, p. 308. 

* The Peerage of England, Arthur Collins, 1779, Volume V, p. 28. 


! ■■ '■!■■! 

peticon of the said W'aple Xonsuitc is granted agt ye sd Curtis with 
paymt of Court charges als Execon:" ' 

Peter Waples removed to Somerset County, INIaiyland, and 
proved "his right to 100 acres of land there, for transporting himself 
and wife Frances out of Virginia into this province to inhabit," 
December 31, 1678.^ He received the said tract of one hundred 
acres, called "Come by Chance," which was surveyed for him in 
1681.^ This land was later sold by William, son of Peter Waples, to 
Edmond Dickenson, who received a patent for the same.^ 

Frances, the wife of Peter Waples, was the daughter of Paul 
Trendall of Northampton Count\', Virginia. 

"Att a Court held in Northampton County the 28th day of 
February' A dom 1678. 

"Upon the oath of John Curtiss accordinge to a former ordr 
for three hundred pounds of Tobacco & caske agt Peter Waples the 
Same is Confirmed agt the said Waples & ye Said Waples Security 
discharged hee ye said Waples forthwith payinge the Same wth 
cos'ts of Suite als Execon." ^ 

"Att a Court held in Northampton County the 27tli day of 
February A dom 1678. 

"Prsent Capt Jno Robins Capt Isaac Foxcraft Mr Argoll 
Yardlcy jNIr Tho: Harmenson. 

" Upon the Peticon of Peter Waples Administracon is this day 
granted him on the Estate of his ffather in Law Paule Trendall 
deceased whose IDaughter hee marry-ed hee pformeinge the Law 
in Such cases provided. 

"This day_ John Waterson and Robert Browne tendred them- 
selves Securit}' in open Court on the Administracon granted Peter 
Waples on the Estate of his ffather in Law Paule Trendall deceased 
whome the Court accepts of they entringe into Bond accordingly." ^ 
"A Comission of Administracon granted from Coll. William 
Kendall & Capt John Robins to Peter Waples on the estate of his 
ffather in Law Paule Trendall late of the County of Northton deed 
Accordinge to Act of Assembly & by vertue of an ordr of Court 
bearinge date the 27th day of ffebruary 1678: Dated. 

"A Bond from Peter Waples of the Count}' of Somersett in the 
Province of Mary-Land, John Waterson, & Robert Browne of the 
County of Northampton to Coll. Wm Kendall & Capt. John Robins 

» Northampton Countv Records. Order Book No. 10, pp. IS, 16. 
' Plarly Settlers' BookXo. 15, p. 532. Annapolis. 
1 Book 21, p. 392. Land Office, Annapolis. 

* Liber E. I., \o. 2, Book 57, p. 736. Land Office, Annapolis. Book A. Z., pp. 91, 92, Somerset 
County, Maryland 

' Northampton County Records. Order Book No. 10, pp. 330, 331. 
• Northampton County Records. Order Book No. 10, p. 328. 



CuTiiicHi rra\ cr Bonk u>v<\ \>y \hv Lcil) faiuiK' 

Printed in 1597. In ])ossession of 

Mrs. Rn\,vn .\. Srmplf. 

: i 

\ , 


"i 5 5" 5 3 ^ ~ " " « — -^^ 


& ye rest of the worty Court of tlie said County in ye Sume of Thirty 
Thousand pounds of good Tobacco & caske Dated the 12 of March 

" Condiconed for the true pformance of ye prccdent comission 
of Administracon & Savinge ye Court harmeles from the grantinge 
of the same &c. That Then '&c." Signed by Peter Whaples, John 
Watcrson and Robert Browne in presence of Richard Hill and Nath. 
" May the 8th 1679. 

"Wee the Subscribers have viewed the cattle of Peter Waples 
wch is to be drove into Mary-Land & ye Number of them & Naturall 
markes are as followeth (Yizt) one darke browne Cow with a Starr 
in the forehead marked on ye right eare with an overbitt & an 
underbitt: One Browne pyed cow with a Starr in the f forehead: 
one red cow with a white face, one black cow wth browne eares, one 
black Pyed cow wth Two white Spotts on ye Shouldrs: one black 
Hefifer with a little white under her belly: one red yearlinge Heiffer 
wth a white face & belly: one browne pyed Heffer wth a starr in ye 
forehead & a white Spott on ye shoulder: One black cow: Two 
young black bulls: & foure Suckinge cahes: Ail ye above Said 
cattle eare marked as ye first Cow is, only the calves. This give 
under our hands the Subscribers, one cow coloured browne pyed 
not marked. 

Nath: Wilkins 
Recorded ye 17th day of June 1679 John Watersox 
p Dan: Neech CI. Cu. Co. North ton George Clarke 

the marke of William Ster- 

LINGE." - 

John Waterson of Northampton County, by his will dated 
December 1, 1679, bequeathed to his son William, "the mare wch 
I lately purchast of Peter Whaples." ^ 

"The Deposicon of me Thomas Cofifin aged 30 yeares or there- 

"Saith That hee heard Peter Waples Say that Mrs Mellinge 
told him that if hee lived upon that Plantacon that was Wm Smiths 
hee the Said Waples Should pay her foure hundred pounds of Tobacco 
& further Sth not. The 28th of Jany 1679 Sworne in open Court." * 

Peter Waples remained in the Province of Marv-land about 
fourteen years, removing to Sussex County on the Delaware prior 
to the date of the following deed: 

■ Northampton County Records. Order Book No. 10, p. 355. 

• Northampton County Records. Order Book No. 11, p. 32. 

' Northampton County Records. Order Book No. 11, pp. 66, 67. 

' Northampton County Records. Order Book No. 11, p. 66. 




THIS INDENTURE made the Tenth day of the Ninth Month Called November Ano 
Dom: Sixteen Hundred Ninety Two and In the fourth year of the Reign of William and Mary 
King and Queen over England &c' Between John Barker of the County of Sussex Annexed 
unto the Province of Pennsylvania Planter of the One Party and Peter Waples Late of the County 
of Summersctt In the Province of Maryland and now of the aforesaid Covmty of Sussex Planter 
of the other Party. Whereas William Markham Robert Turner and John Goodson Three of 
the Commissioners Authorised and Appointed by William Penn &c. Granted unto Richard 
Patte &c a Certain Tract of Land Scituate on the South Side of the Indian River at the head 
of an Neck of Land Called Pine Neck In the aforesd County of Sussex. THIS INDENTURE 
WITNESSETH that the said John Barker for Divers considerations and more Especiallv for 
and In Consideration of the full and Just Sum of four Thousand five Hundred Pounds of Tobacco 
to him In hand paid by the said Peter Waples Have Granted unto the said Peter Waples, the 
above mentioneci Three Hundred Acres of Land. IN WITNESS and Conformation thereof 
the said John Barker have hereunto Sett his hand and Seal the Day and year first above Written. 
Sealed and Delivered in the Presence of us Wt" Clark and Alburtus Jacobs.' 

John How Acknowledged and made Over In Open Court, unto Peter Waples his Heirs 
and Assigns, Three Hundred Acres of Land, in the County of Sussex Called Warwick and One 
Hundred Acres more of Land Adjoyning upon the Same By Two Distinct Conveyances, Then 
and their Delivered, of date the Third day of Sep^ 1695. The Said Peter Waples did Acknowledge, 

then and there the Said 100 Acres of Land, unto his son William Waples with promise of — 

the next Court by Conveyance if his Said Son pay the Costs." 

The following data is preserved in the papers of the boundary- 
dispute between William Penn and his sons and the Calverts: 

"From the Sussex Records, an Indenture between William Clark of the County of Sussex 
annext unto the Province of Pensilvania, Merchant of the one Part, and Peter Waples of the 
aforesaid County of the other reciting that Proprietary Penn's Commissioners did by their 
Patent of 7 September 1691, grant to the said William Clark a Tract of Land, on the South side 
of Indian River, in the said County of Sussex containing 400 Acres. Now for the Consideration 
of 4300 Pound of Tobacco Clark conveyes the same to Waples, free of all Demands, the Rents 
and Services from henceforth to grow due to the Proprietor and Government only excepted. 
With an Endorsement signed by the Clerk of the Court that Clark acknowledged that Deed in 
open Court, held at Lewis for the said County of Sussex upon 5 September 1694." > 

Peter Waples resided on the above mentioned estate of "War- 
wick," where he established a ferr\'. The court records of Septem- 
ber 2, 1696, have this entry concerning this ferrj' over the Indian 

"Peter Whaples acquainted the Court of the conveniency of a ferry from his house over 
the Indian or South River for ye mutuall comodacon correspondencv of the Inhabitants of this 
county with those of the province of Maryland and desires yt himseife solely amongst his neigh- 
borhood may be appointed to keep the same and that ye C'rt would Please either out of the 
Public Charge to allow him yearly for his Labour and Trouble therein, or some certain rates that 
he shall take of p^sons for them and their horses Transient. The Ct thinks fitt to grant that he 
alone thereabouts keep ye said ferry and that he be paid for setting over to or froe of a man and 
horse (vizt) Ten pence for a man and Ten pence for a horse, so much forward and so much back- 
ward and yt he provide a good conveniency for ye safe passage or ferryrage both of man and 
beast. And all other persons, his neighbours, are hereby forbidden (upon hire or pay) to ferry 
any pfsons or horses over ye said ferry." ' 

"The road from Lewistown, which was the principal settle- 
ment at that time, led across the river at this place, and in later 
years came also from the upper part of the State, and both roads 

■ Deed Book B, No. 2, p. 120. Georgetown, Delaware. 
' Deed Book A, No. 1, p. 147. Georgetown, Delaware. 
'Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, Volume XVI, p. 412. 
* Scharf's History of Delaware, p. 420. 


Geraldinr Donjtln' and William Welsh, Jr. 
Children oi William Welsh Harrison. 

i 4 
^ I 

..1 N^ry ai:r 



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. x^. St 



united at St. Geori;e's chapel. The site of the old fern- is at what 
is still known as the 'Old Ferr\^ Landing,' a narrow place in the 
river and to which the old road led. It was on the tract 'Warwick'; 
the present name is used for the farm and mansion of old time." ^ 
The date of the death of Peter Waples is not known, and no 
account of the disposal of his estate has been found in the records 
of Sussex County. 


1. WILLLAM WAPLES, married Mary Burton. 

2. Peter Waples. 

WILLIAM WAPLES, of Indian River, Sussex County on 
Delaware, son of Peter Waples and Frances Trendall, was born about 
the year 1680. He married first, Mary Burton, daughter of Robert 
Burton of Sussex County; married second, Alargaret Newbold, 
widow of John Holmes.^ 


THIS INDENTURE made >•« 7th day of May In Ye Eleaventh Year of the Reign of 
our Sovereign Lady Anne of Great lirittain france & Ireland Queen Defender of ye Faitti &? 
and in ye year of our Lord God one thousand seven Hundred and Thirteen, Between Robert 
Clifton of ye Countv of Sussex upon Delaware in the Province of pensylvania of the one part, 
and William Waples'of ye County of Sussex Afs4 of the other part WITNESSETH whereas there 
is a Certain peace or Tract of Land situate Lying & Being in ye afsd County of Sussex Called 
Batchellers Lott, Situate on ye north side of %* South River Beginning at a Bounded Red Oak 
of William Kennings Juner: Standing By the River Side, and Contains five Hundred Acres, it 
Being part of a Dividend or Tract of Land Containing SLx Hundred and fifty Acres formerly 
Surveyed & Laid out unto Edward Southern, Late of the afs^ County of Sussex Deceas'd, and 
Likewise Binding to a Tract of Land Belonging to Job & Mary Barker of the same County afsd 
This Indenture further Witnesseth that for and in Consideration of >•* full & Just sum of one 
Hundred & seven pounds paid or secured to be Paid unto Honour Clarke Exc^r-^ of William 
Clark Late of ye Countv of Sussex Deceas'd >-e said Honour Clark doe Hereby Acknowledge To 
have Receiv'd'of ve said William Waples his' heirs &c, Therefore 1 %•« said Robert Clifton doe 
f. Give Grant Bargain and Confirm unto the said William Waples, TO HAVE AND TO HOLD 

\ >•« above Recited five Hundred Acres of Land Houses Orchards fencings & other ye premises 

thereunto Belonging. IN WITNESS and Confirmation thereof the said Robert Clifton Have 
hereunto set his Hand & Seal >■« day & year first above Written. 

Robert Clifton.< 
Sealed & Delivered in presence of us . . i ■ i -, ■_, 

Th? Fisher Isaac Wattson. , ,. . , 

William Waples was a witness in the suit of the Penns and 
the Calverts, concerning the boundar>^ between the provinces of 

' Scharf's History of Delaware, p. 420. 

' Biographical Encyclopedia of Delaware, p. 308. 

' Biographical Encyclopedia of Delaware, p. 30S. 

* Deed Book I, No. 9, p. 383. Georgetown, Delaware. 


i .i:f;rfl- 

rA i'i;: 

:o ii\>/]'.' :.■;!•; ,< 

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■1 lo";,',:!-: 

Pennsylvania and Alaiyland. His testimony is preserved in the 
Breviate of that case: 

"William Waples. aged 63. 

o,„;nf J^^^V^''. ''"" ^%l ^^l ^?^' """u ^''■'^'■. '" ^^^ Interrogatory mentioned, but is not well ac- 
quainted with tl.em. That he is well acquainted with the County of Sussex on Delaware and 
i'.,^;^ fh '"the Counties ot Newcastle and Kent, but is not well acquainted with them. .And 
«ho„;!7 /« v' \" l^^ Indian River and Lewes-Town, in the Inierrogatorv mentioned, 

about 47 or 48 ^ can., which Town and the said County of Sussex, when the Deponent first knew 
them, were by the Inhabitants and others, both called Whorekill.' and were under the Govern 
ment of William Penn Esq; and that the said Town is now in Susse.x County aforesaid- And 


this Deponent further saith. that when he first knew the said County of Sussex, his Father sett 

under the said W ilham Penn, on the South side of the Indian River aforesaid, about three Mile; 
f " 5''Tu ^ -"^^ ^"'Pf'^^ .tself into the South-side of the said River, upon Land which he pur- 
chased of President Clarke, and that he this Deponent being voung then, knew not how far 
the same County extended to the Southward; but then heard that the said William Penn claimed 
as far as Fenick s Inlett, near Fenick's Island; near which Inlett, at a Place called Inlopcn, or 
Hinlopen, he then heard there had been a Standard or Post put up bv, or for the said William 
Penn, or some other Person who was in Possession before him. with some Brass upon it And 
further saith, that there were about ten Families settled to the Southward of Indian River afore- 
said, between that and the said Inlett; amongst whom was one Stockelv a Magistrate for the 

ffnH ^T'P "''" '^"''^ ^ ^u°''^^-^} F,^.V,"'>'' .°"<= ^-^"^ J^"'''"^ ^ Constable for thf same Countv" 
under the Government of the said William Penn; That he has never heard that the Proprietors 
ot t^ensilvania, or anv Persons pretending .Authority under them, ever used anv Force or Com- 
pulsion to oblige the Inhabitants of Lewes-Town aforesaid, or the People residing to the South- 
ward of Indian River aforesaid, and above the said Inlctts, to submit to the Government of the 
same Proprietors, or to acknowledge them for their Proprietors or Landlords. And further 
saith. that about 44 or 43 ^ ears ago the Under-Sheriff of Somersett Countv in Maryland bv 
virtue ot a Writ from the County Court of that Countv, arrested his Father where he was settled 
as the Deponent has above declared, and that his Father refused to acknowledge the Jurisdiction 
L;h <!h'^'ff 5^°"''' f^^^J"- h^ "^-^d 'n Susse-x or Whorekill County; And that thereupon the 
pnH W^H f,- ^«P"'^^' =^"d in about a Fortnight after returned, with five Men. and took his father 
and tied him; W hereupon four of the Neighbours were sent for. and came there; That a Person 
standing m the House, named Charles Tindal/'said what will you tie a Man in his own House, 
and takmg a Gun down rom a Rack. said, he would clear the House of them; and thereui-on 

offerpH tft "'^^ ""r"m V ^u"^ r "' "'^' ^ f-''.'°" '''^° ^'^' ""^P^'^d ^ ^^1=^" °f Substance there, 
offered to become Bail for his Father; to which the said Sheriff replied, that if he would go down 

wnnW \ I n % } i ""l"!" °^ *""V'er S^''- '^^° '''^'^^ his Father answered, that except he 
to t.L-. 1^ 1 tt ' u'l^! had arrested him, he would not give any, for if he had not a Right 
Sheriff VnH th T' '^f"" ^'.^^\'° ^"T h'm. there, and that, afterwards, the said Under- 

iheritl and the five men aforesaid, departed; Which said Under-Sheriff in about a FortniVht's 
iime. returned with the High Sheriff of Somerset County aforesaid, and about 20 Men "with 
Arms with him. and seized and bound the Deponent's Father, and the said Charles Tindal and 
carried them down to Somerset County aforesaid. And saith that he heard from his Father 
p"rnv;n';"' Tm^ ^^ ^'f'"^ prosecuted in Somerset County aforesaid, and at Annapolis in the 
Proxince of Maryland for not obeying the said Sheriff, which cost him a great Sum of Money: 
and that m some small time after the said Arrest, the Inhabitants, residing on the South-side of 
Jndian Kiver aforesaid, submitted to the Government of Maryland." ' 

William Waples died in Sussex County on Delaware, prior to 
March 16, 1746. 

On. Th.'^ '^^^ ^'^ »^ 9^P°^ ;^^'^^' '^« Second day of October in the year of Our Lord 
Del J.r h" v^" """'^.T^'^. r^' ^-^"^^ f°^'' ^ ^^''"'^"^ ^^'^P'^ °f the County of Sussex upon 
to AlmiLhV r "^'^"'.^■'q Stncken in years but of Sound mind and Memory thanks be Given 
to Almighty God for the Same, and Calling to m ind the Mortality of my body. Knowing that it 

' The province of Pennsylvania "was divided into three counties. Philadelphia. Bucks and Chester, 
and the territories into New Castle, Jones, and Whorekills, alias Deal. The names of the 
two last were, towards the close of the year (Dec. 25, 1682). again changed; Deal to Sussex, 
and Jones to Kent.' (Hazard's A>inals, p. 605.) 
Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, Volume XVI, pp. 667, 668, 669. 


Old Ferry Landing 

on the 

Indian River, Sussex County, Delaware. 



i? \'"^ 

"V^^"*^ ^^ 





,[;« ••\.n NiARY i-.f 

■«■■ -. liVw^irttSaii 

ata^.aav m' raiirr-niMilii ^'.»i...A.^;J:a:^ffia«aj 

, t.«*:.w*«« ■ 

is Appointed for all flesh Once to Dye do make and Ordain tliis to be my Last Will and Testa- 
ment ill Manner and form following. First and principally I Rccomnicncl my Soul to tlie hands 
of Almighty God who gave it, and mv body to the Earth to be biiryed in a Decent and Christian 
Like Manner at the Discreation of my Executors. I will that all my Just Debts be fully paid and 
Discharged by my Executors. Inipr? I Give bequeath and Demise to my Eldest Son Peter 
Waples Three Hundred and forty Eight Acres of Land, it being the part the which 1 bought 
of Richard Poultney and part of the Tract whereon I now dwell (Called Uatchellors Lott) and 
that part of the Said Tract Binding on the Indian River to be divided by a Line from the Easter- 
most side Line of the aforesaid Tract of Land, untill it Intersect with ttie westermost Side Line, 
Also my Cain to be holden of him my Said Eldest Son Peter Waples and of his Heirs and Assigns 

Item I Give and bequeath to my Second Son Paul Waples Three Hundred Acres of 
Land being the Residue of the aforesaid Tract of Land Called Batchellors Lott on which he 
Now dwelleth together with all the priviledges thereunto belonging to be holden of him my said 
Second Son Paul Waples and of his Heirs and Assigns forever. 

Item I Give and bequeath to my Third Son Thomas Waples my Riding Horse Saddle 
and Bridle to be possest by him at my decease, and to be holden of him his heirs and Assigns 

Item I Give and bequeath to my fourth Son Burton Waples Two Acres of Land whereon 
he Now lives beginning at the Corner Redd Oak Binding on Askie Tract Running from Thence 
North west forty perches for Breadth Eight perches Containing Two Acres, and to he holden 
of him my Said Son Burton Waples his Heirs and Assigns forever. 

Item I Give and bequeath to my youngest son William Waples one Hundred Acres of 
j Land More or Less on which there is a plantation that John Hall Once Lived on. Also One Hundred 

, Acres of Land lying Near the Land of William Prettyman the which I bought of Samuel Johnson, 

I f also One feather bed and furniture One Cow and Calf the aforesaid Two Tracts of Land Goods 

and Chattels to be holden of my said Son William Waples, his Heirs and .Assigns forever. 

Item I Give and bequeath to my Two Sons Paul Waples and Thomas Waples all my 
wearing Apparel to be Equally divided between them and to be holden of them forever. 

Item I Give and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth Carey five pounds to be paid 
her by my Executors at my decease and to be holden of her and her Heirs forever. 

Item I will that all the rest and Residue of my Estate not heretofore Mentioned or 
Already given to be Equally Divided Amonghts my Children (that is to Say) Paul Waples Thomaa 
Waples and Burton Waples and Mary DirLxson I also will and Order that my Son Peter Waples 
to have half an Equall Shear with my four Mentioned Children which I Give and bequeath to 
him and them to be holden of him and them and his and their Heirs forever. Lastly 1 do Ordain 
my wife my Sons and Daughter (to wit) Peter Waples Paul Waples Thomas Waples and Burton 
W'aples and my wife Margeret Waples and Daughter .Mary Dirixson My Executors and Executrix 
of this my Last will and Testament making Void and Null all other wills and Testaments hereto- 
fore by me Made or Ordered Ratifying and Confirming this and No other to be my Last will 
and Testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto Sett my hand and Seal the day and year 
above written. 

Signed Sealed Published & pronounced by the above Named Waples to be his Last will 
& Testament In presence of us, William Evans, Joseph Carter. 

I hereby Certifie that the above Named Margret Waples widow and One of the Execu- 
trxrs in the above will Named at the Time of Probate of the Said w ill Objected Against the Said 
will as it regards herself and Insisted on her Thirds of the deed Estate Real and Personall as 
Allowed widows by Law &? and that the Above will was Proved on Such Terms Witness my 
hand this 16th of March 1746 



1. Peter Waples. 

2. PAUL WAPLES, married Temperance . 

3. Thomas Waples. 

4. Burton Waples. 

5. Elizabeth Waples, married Carey. 

6. Mary Waples, married Derrickson. 

7. Wi lliam Waples. 

I Georgetown, Delaware. Will Book A, No. 1, p. 412. 

' Biographical Encyclopedia of Delaware, p. 308. William Waples and Mary Burton had at least 
nine children; mentioned in her father's will. See page 85. 


PAUL WAPLES of Sussex County on Delaware, son of 
William Waplcs and Mary Burton, was born about the ^•ear 1710. 
He was a merchant and had a store at Warwick.^ His wife's name 
was Temperance, surname not known. 

In the absence of inclosures, it was customary in the early 
days to allow the cattle and other li\-e stock to roam after they were 
marked for identification. The marks of Paul Waples' cattle were 
thus recorded: 

"Paul Waples his Ear Mark for Cattle Sheap and Hoggs is As 
follows, (Viz) Crop the right Ear and under Bit and over Bit the 
Left Ear, recorded the 12th day of Septemr 1734. 

Test Jacob Kollock." ^ 

Paul Waples died before December 27, 1757. 


IX THE NAME OF GOD AMEX. I Paul Waples being in perfect health and Sound 
Memory Praised be to God, but Callins to mind the mortality of all Flesh therefore Desire that 
this may be my Last will and Testament. 

Item First I desire that all my Just debts and funeral Charges shall be paid. 

Item I Give and Bequeath to my well beloved wife Temperance Waples One Horse 
and Bridle and Side Saddle One bed and furniture to be of her and Heirs forever. 

Item I Give and bequeath to my Four Sons Dirickson Waples & Paul Waples and 
Nathaniel Waples and Samuel Waples All mv Land to be Equally Divided between them in 
Quantity and Quality to be holden of them and there Heirs forever. 

Item 1 Give and bequeath to my first Daughter Betty Vaughan three Pounds of Current 
Money to be holden of her & her Heirs forever. 

Item I Give and bequeath to my Second Daughter Catharine Waples Twenty Pounds 
of Current money to be holden of her & her Heirs forever. 

Item I Give and bequeath to mv Third Daughter Patience Waples Twenty Pounds of 
Current money to be holden of her & her Heirs forever. 

«7 , ''Tx-' ^'^'^ ^"'^ bequeath to my above Mentioned Children Dirickson Waples Paul 
Waples and Xathanicl Waples and bamuel Waples and Betty Vaughan Catharine Waples and 
Patience Waples all the re^t of my personal Estate to be Equally Divided in Quantity and in 
Quality and if Either of them Should Dye without Lawful! Issue their part to be Equally Divided 
between the rest of my Children to be holden of them and their Heirs forever. 

Item I Desire that if anv of mv Sons Should Dye without Lawfull Issue that their 
part of the Land Should be Divided Equally between the rest of the four mentioned Sons to be 
holden of them & their Heirs forever. 

Item My will is that my Executor Should keep all mv Children Estate in her hands 
while they Come of Age the Male to the Age of Twenty One, and female to the Age of Seventeen 
She giving of my Children Reasonable Education. 

Item My will and Desire is that mv well beloved wife Temperance Waples Should 
be my whole and Sole Executor of this my Last will and Testament and I do hereby revoke and 
Disannul and make \ oid all former wills and Testaments by me before made In Witness hereunto 
1 have Sett my hand and fixed my Seal this Eight day of January in the year of our Lord One 
Thousand Seven Hundred and Fifty Seven 

In Presence of Benjamin and Elizabeth Carter. Proved December 27, 1737.' 



This Indenture made the ninth day of February in the Year of our Lord One thousand 

Seven hundred and Fifty eight Between Thomas Prettvman of the County of Sussex on Delaware 

tsqr Attorney to Thomas Simmons and Ann his Wife of the Province of Xorth Carolina of the 

■ Biographical Encyclopedia of Delaware, p. 308. 

' Georgetown, Delaware. Volume of "WilU, .Manumissions and Ear Marks, 1705." 

» Georgetown, Delaware. Will Book B, Xo. 2, p. 133. 


I -".! .-iK;,.V/ 1, 

Landing at " Warwick," 
Indian River, Sussex County, Delaware. 




t '^J^^% 







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^ 'v>^ 

' '\-^> 

: -.'*■-' -i 







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' W^ 

. # 

S- one part And Direckjon Waples Paul Waples Nathaniel Waples and Samuel Waples Heirs of 

|. Paul Waples late of the County of Sussex on Delaware dcc^ of the other part. Whereas the 

afs'l Thomas Simmons and Ann his Wife jointly gave Bond unto Paul Waples of the County 
afsd Merclit bearing j^te the twenty sixth day of' February One tliousand Seven hundred and 
hfty Seven Conditioned for the making oNer a certain tract of Land therein Specified imcler the 
Penalty of Sixty Pounds, And Whereas also Thomas Simmons and Ann his Wife did Nominate 
Constitute and Appoint the s'l Thomas Prettvman their Attorney to make over the Sd Land 
agreeable to tlie afs4 Bond, which SJ tract of Land is Situate in 'the County of Sussex in the 
Indian River hundred Adjoining: the Lands of Thomas Carey on the South West side and William 
Burtons Lands on the other side containing about one hundred and four acres as by the Plot of 
the resur\ey thereof may more manifestly appear. Now this Indenture Witnesseth that the 
S<1 Thomas Prettyman Doth Convey unto the afsd heirs of Paul Waples deed the above men- 
tioned One hundred and four acres of Land. Signed in presence of Avery Draper and John 

Temperance, widow of Paul Waples, died in 1775. 


In the Name of God Amen the fifteenth day of March in the year of our Lord one thou- 
sand Seven hundred and Seventy Five I Temperance Waples of the County of Sussex on Dela- 
ware, wido\v\ being Sick and weak in body but of a perfect Sound mind and memorv thanks be 
given unto God therefore calling unto mind the mortality of my body, and knowing that it is 
appomted for all persons once to die do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament, That 
IS to say prmcipally and first of all I Recommend my Soul into the hands of God who gave it 
and my body to the Earth to be buried in a Christian burial at tlie direckshon of my Executors 
hereafter named nothing doubting but I shall receive the same again at the general Resurrection 
by the mighty power of God, and as touching such worldly Estate wherewith it hath pleased 
God to bless me m this life with I Give Demise and dispose of the same in the following manner 
and form. 

Imprimis It is my Will and I do order that 
funeral charges be paid and discharged. 

Item I Give and bequeath unto my daughter Betty X'aughan, wife of William Vaughan 
deceast one Gold Ring. 

Item I Give and bequeath unto my daughter Chatrin White, wife of Wrixam White 
one Gold Ring. 

^ Item I Give and bequeath unto my daughter Patience Fisher (wife of William Fisher) 
one Gold Ring. 

afosad daughter Betty Vaughn, and my afosaid 

the first place all my just Debts and 

Item I Give and bequeatli unto 

daughter Cathren White, and my afosd daughter Patience Fisher all my w-aring Appa'ril, to be 
equally divided between them. 

Item I Give and bequeath unto my Son Nathaniel Waples, one good bed and furniture. 

Item I Gi\e and bequeath unto mv Son Samuel Waples one Good bed and furniture 
being my best bed. 

'tem _ 1 Give and bequeath unto mv afsd son Nathaniel Waples, and my afsd Son Samuel 
Waples my Negro Gairl called Flower and her increase, to be equally divided between them, 
after my decease to be holden of them, and their Heirs and Assigns forever. 

Item I Give and bequeath unto my Said Son Samuel Waples, Sbc knives and forks also 
one Walnut dineing Table, also one pine Tea table, and Stand also one press, also one Cace, 
aUo Six Chease, also one table Cloth, and Six Napkins, also one par of hand irons and boxiron 
and heaters, also one bred Toster, and baking iron also one Tea Kittle, two puter dishes, one bacen 
and Six pleats. Also one pare of Fire tongs and Slice and towel. 

Item I Gi\e and bequeath unto my Grand daughter Polly Vaughan my Riding horse 
bridle and Sadie and Spinning wheel. 

U- ''if" ^ Give and bequeath unto my afsd son Nathaniel Waples, and my afsd son Samuel 

>\aples all the Rest, Residue and Remainder of my personal Estate, to be equally divided be- 
tween them. ^ ' 

Lastly I Constitute and appoint mv two sons Nathaniel Waples, and Samuel Waples 
my only and Sole Executors of this my last Will and Testament utterly disanulling and Revock- 
ing all other Wills by me made before this ratifying and confirming this and no oth. 
last UiU and Testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto 
year first above Ritten. 

to be my 
y hand Seal the day and 

' Deed Book I, p. 158. Georgetown, Delaware. 


Signed, Sealled, pronounced and declared hv the within named Temprance Waples, as 
her last Will and Icstanicnt in presence of Burton Waples, Sen., Cornelius Waples and Joseph 
Waples. Pro%ed November 6, 1775.' 


1. Df.rricksom W.\ples, died in 1775; married Mary -. 

2. Paul W.\ples, died without issue. 

3. Colonel N.\tiianiel W.aples, baptized in St. George's Church, Indian River, Sussex 

County, July 13, 1746; was a Member of the Assembly in 17S2 and an 
Elder of Coolspring Church; married Agnes . He died in 1797. 

4. COLONEL SAMUEL WAPLES, born June 9, 1755; married Anne Custis. 

5. Betty W'aples, married William Vaughan; had daughter, Polly Vaughan. 

6. Catherine Waples, married Wri.xam White. 

7. Patience Waples, married William Fisher. 

COLONEL SAMUEL WAPLES, son of Paul and Temperance 
Waples, of Sussex County on Delaware, was born June 9, 1755.^ 
Prior to the Revolutionary' War he settled in Accomac County, 
Virginia, on the Eastern Shore, where his great-grandfather had 
originally settled, and where Samuel Waples probably had relati\-es. 

At the outbreak of the Revolution in 1775, Samuel Waples 
enlisted in Accomac County, under Captain Isaac Smith of Vir- 
ginia, and "marched to Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts." 
Early in 1776 he was commissioned a Lieutenant in the Ninth 
Virginia Regiment, Continental Line, under Colonel Thomas Flem- 

This regiment, under the command of Colonel George INlat- 
thews, marched from Accomac to the north, late in the Autumn of 
1776, and joined the main American Army under General Washing- 
ton, at Morristown, New Jersey. It was engaged in the Battle of 
Brandywine, September 11, 1777, and the Battle of Germantown, 
October 4, 1777.^ 

At the Battle of Germantown, "Colonel Matthews, with a 
detachment of Greene's column, composed of a part of Muhlenberg's 
and Scott's brigades from the left wnng, advanced to the eastward 
of Chew's house, assailed a party of English, took one hundred and 
ten prisoners, and drove the remainder before him into the town, 
whither he followed as far as the market house. A thick fog, which 
began to form at daylight, now completely enveloped everything, 

' Will Book C, No. 3, p. 9. Georgetown, Delaware. 

' Biographical Encyclopedia of Delaware, p. 308. 

1 Biographical Encyclopedia of Delau'dre, p. oOS. 

* Bureau of Pensions, Washington, D. C. 

» The Pennsylvania Magazine, Volume XXII, pp. 122, 123, 124. 


" Warwick." House and Landing, 
Indian River, Sussex County, Delaware. 

^ "■ ', 1 '^'^ t; 

iV ;.: Jr 

i ;iU -."5 . . \ ' 

and the contending parties were unable to tliscover the movements 
of each otlier. Matthews, witli his prisoners, was soon stopped at 
a breast-work near Lucan's mills. At the same time, the right wing 
of the enemy, after discovering that they had nothing to fear from 
the Maryland and New Jersey militia, fell back, and completely 
surrounded Matthews and his party. This division of the enemy 
was composed chiefly of the fourth brigade, under General Agnew, 
and three battalions of the third. The prisoners were rescued, and 
Matthews, after a desperate defense, and when most of his officers 
and men were killed and wounded, was compelled to surrender, with 
his little remnant of about one hundred men." ^ 

Thomas R. Joynes, son of Major Levin Joynes of the Ninth 
Regiment, said that "when the retreat of the American Army was 
ordered, the Ninth Regiment was so far in advance of the rest of the 
army, that before they could join the main body they were sur- 
rounded and made prisoners. When surrounded, they had made 
more prisoners than the whole number of the regiment. For the 
bravery displayed in this battle, and for its imprudence in pushing 
so far ahead of the rest of the army, it was called 'The Brave and 
Rash Ninth.' 

"On the morning after the Battle of Germantown, the prisoners 
were marched to Philadelphia, and locked up in what was then 
called the 'New Jail,' but afterwards the 'Walnut Street Prison.' 
Here they were confined until the British Army evacuated Phila- 
delphia in the end of June, 1778. They were then marched to New 
York, and the officers were confined on Long Island and the men 
in 'the Old Sugar House,' and in the Jersey Prison Ship, where many 
of them died. 

"During the confinement of the Ninth Regiment in the 'New 
Jail,' a very benevolent Quaker was in the habit of visiting the 
prisoners, by permission of the British commander, ever>' day, for 
the purpose of doing various acts of kindness, in laying out to the 
best advantage the little sums of money which the friends of the 
prisoners might send them, and in any other way in which he could 
serve them. One day he went into the jail, which in consequence 
of its crowded condition was pretty warm, and pulled ofT his hat 
and coat, and, with his cane, laid them on the table, and was engaged 
walking about among the prisoners to learn their wants. 

"Lieutenant Waples of Accomack, who was very fond of mis- 
chief and fun, put on the Quaker's hat and coat and took his cane 
in his hand, unperccived by the British sentinel at the door, and 
said to his friends, 'Boys, what sort of a Quaker would I make?' 
Lieutenant Parker of Accomack, who was equally fond of fun and 

' Lossing's Field Book of the Rei'oliition , Volume II, pp. Ill, 112. 


.1 i> 






1 ■/, 

miscliief, ga\'e \Vai:»les a sign to tr>' to pass the sentinel at the door. 
Waples instantly determined to make the attempt. He passed five 
sentinels and got safely into the street, and from there to a house 
where he was acquainted, where the landlady concealed him for 
several weeks, until finally, in the garb of a servant boy going to 
mill with his mistress, by permission of the British commander, he 
passed the Britisli lines and got safely to the American Army, then 
near Philadelphia." 

The records of the Bureau of Pensions, Washington, show 
that "he was captured October 4, 1777, with the regiment at the 
Battle of Germantown, was confined in the State House in Phila- 
delphia until December, 1777, when he made his escape and was 
furloughed December 27, 1777, at Valley Forge, by General Nathaniel 
Greene. Engaged in Brandywine and Germantown Battles." 

"Waples was the last sur\-ivor of all the Eastern Shore Revo- 
lutionary officers. Not long before his death I invited him to spend 
a day with me in talk about the Revolution. He came with his 
wife, early in the day, and spent a long summer's day with me, and 
told me many things interesting to me, as the son of one of his 
companions in arms. When he was about to go home, I told my 
daughter, who was playing on the piano, to play 'Washington's 
March!' As soon as he heard the well-remembered tune, his e\es 
immediately moistened, and he marched out of the room with the 
measured tread of a soldier." ^ 

For their three years of Revolutionary service. Lieutenants 
Samuel Waples and Thomas Custis received a tract of fourteen 
hundred and fifty-seven and two-third acres of land, in the present 
State of Ohio. 

THOMAS JEFFERSON. President of the United States of America, TO ALL TO 

KNOW YE, That in consideration of military service performed by Samuel Waples (a 
Lieutenant for three years) and Thomas Custis (a Lieutenant for three years) to the United 
States, in the Virginia Line on Continental Establishment, and in pursuance of an Act of the 
Congress of the United States, passed on the 10th day of August in the year 1790 intitled "An 
Act to enable the Officers and Soldiers of the Virginia Line on Continental Establishment, to 
obtain titles to certain lands lying north-west of the River Ohio, between the L.ittle Miami and 
Sciota," and another Act of the said Congress, passed on the 9th day of June, in the vear 1794, 
amendatory of the said .Act, THERE IS GR.A.NTED by the United States unto "Thomas >!. 
Bayly" a certain tract of land, containing Fourteen Hundred and fifty seven and two thirds 
acres, situate between the Little Miami and Sciota Rivers, north-west of the River Ohio, as by 
survey, bearing date the Twelfth day of June in the year one thousand Eight hundred and Eight, 
etc. etc. 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the said Thomas JefTerson, President of the United States 
of America, hath caused the Seal of the said United States to be hereunto affixed, and signed 
the same with his hand, at the City of Washington, the Eighteenth day of January, in the year 
of our Lord 1S09; and of the Independence of the United States of .\merica the thirty third. 

By the President, Th: Jefferson. 
James M.\.dison, Secretary of State. 

Related by Thomas R. Joynes, July 30, 1858. Vide The Pennsylvania Magazine, Volume 
XXII, pp. 122, 123, 124. 


■ n sii; li\:'f III 

Walnut Street Prison, Philadelphia, 

Where Colonel Samuel Waples was imprisoned by the British. 

From painting In The Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

-s -n^ws "y*^:?^ ** ^ 

fX'VVWt '•^■^^ ' I t^BT ' *^ 

Endorsements on above. S.iniuel Wnples & Thomas Ciistis were oriirinally entitled to 
the bountv l.ind granted bv the witliin patent to Thomas M. Bayly, who clamis under the sd 
Waples and Custis. War Ofuro, ISth Jan'y. IMY). Recorded in the uttice of the Pepartment 
of State. X'oKinie 5 page lOS of the Records of Patents Granted to the Virginia Line on Con- 
tinental Establisliment. Hcpartment of State. J. W. King. ISth Januan,- 1S09. 

Samuel Waplcs married first, l'>bruar\' 12, 177S, Anne Custis, 
who was born Januaiy 2, 1755, daughter of Major John Custis and 
Cassandra Wise, of Accomac County, \'irginia. He married second, 
August 20, 1822, Sabra P. Scarburgh, said to have been the widow 
of Scarburgh Townsend. She was residing in Accomac County, 
April 25, 1853, aged sixty-two years.' 

On Januan,- 7, 1783, Matthias Collins of the County of Sussex, 
Delaware, conveyed to "Samuel Waples of Accomack County in the 
State of \'irginia," a tract of land in Indian Ri^■er Hundred, Sussex 
County, which was bounded in part by "Land whereon Dirickson 
Waples Deceast in his lifetime held a Dividcnt in; and now is held 
by the afsd Samuel Waples," containing one hundred and twenty- 
seven acres. This deed was witnessed by Btirton Johnson, W il- 
liam Bagwell, Bethsheba Burton and N. Waples.- 

By deed of September 12, 1818, "Samuel \^'aplcs of Accomack 

County, Virginia, for the Consideration of the Sum of Twelve hun- 

jft dred and twenty five dollars," sold to "William Smart of Richland 

if district of South Carolina, my negroe slaves, Daniel, Twenty live 

years of age, Agness, twenty years of age, and her child, Sarah, 

two years of age." ^ 

Colonel Samuel Waples died August 11, 1834. By his will, 
dated July 13, 1829, probated August 25, 1834, he bequeathed to 
his wife, Sabra P. Waples, "my negro Man Daniel, in fee, and I lend 
my said wife the use of all the residue of my Estate, both real and 
personal during the term of her natural life or widowhood, con- 
ditioned that she shall raise all my children since my last marriage." 
He devised, after the death of his wife, to "my son Edward Bassett 
I Waples, my plantation whereon I now \We, containing Two Hundred 

f and sixty four Acres. ... I also give to my said Son, all my 

I right title and interest in Tobacco Island, my Still and all my casks, 

t Tubs, &c., my silver Watch, chain, seal and key, and one negro 

I boy: Abel." The residue of his estate was devised to his three 

I daughters, Sarah Temperance, Mary and Martha W. Waples. He 

I appointed his friend, William P. Moore, sole executor, and by a 

I codicil, dated March 30, 1833, appointed Henn,' A. Wise as a joint 

I executor. Will witnessed by William P. Moore, Susan P. Moore, 

! William M. Riley, Anna M. Potter and Margaret I. Moore.* 

f ' Biographical Encyclopedia of Delaware, p. 312. Bureau of Pensions, Washington. 

t ' Georgetown, Delaware. Deed Book M, No. 12, p. 506. 

I ' Accomac Court House. Vir-inia. Deed Book. 1.81S-1819. p. 109. 

I * Accomac Court House, Virginia. Volume of Wills, 1828-1S40, p. 160. 

I [ 79 ] 


' ,C'.T[ ,'_ / ir;.!.','i,[ r.-.'jil mif orlv/ 

;g'/7 loij.:-;; 1' !•-: '<H' -aJ 

■ .!;i;i7; 


1. Colonel \Villl\m Derricksox Watles, born April 26, 1779. 

2. Thomas Custis Waples, born July 11, 17S2. 

3. Cassa Waples, born June 26, 1784. 

4. John Wise Waples, died in infancy. 

5. Robinson Waples, died in infancy. 

6. Nathaniel Waples, died in infancy. 

7. NATHANIEL WAPLES, born February 16, 1795; died January 11, 1852; married 

first, Lydia Leib Riley, of Philadelphia; second, Maria Momford; third, 
Susan B. Green. 

8. Robinson Custis Waples, born September 22, 1797. 


9. Sarah Temperance Waples, born December 13, 1823. 

10. Edward Bassett Waples. 

11. Mary Waples. 

12. ^L\RTHA W. Waples. 

NATHANIEL WAPLES, son of Colonel Samuel Waples and 
Anne Custis of Accomac County, Virginia, was born February' 16, 
1795. He removed to Philadelphia, where he engaged in watch 
and clock making. He married first, Lydia Leib Riley, who was 
born in 1796, daughter of John Riley and Sarah Leib. Sarah Leib 
was the daughter of John George and Margaret Dorothy Leib, and 
sister of Lydia Leib, who married John Harrison of Philadelphia. 

Lydia, wife of Nathaniel Waples, died in Philadelphia, October 
19, 1819, in her twenty-fourth year, and was buried in Christ Church 
burying-ground. On December 31, 1819, Nathaniel Waples of 
Philadelphia, having met with "Sundry Losses and Misfortunes in 
the Course of Trade and Business," made an assignment to Samuel 
Hildeburn of Philadelphia. Soon after this date he removed to 
Newberne, North Carolina. 

Nathaniel Waples married second, Maria Momford, of North 
Carolina, and third, Susan B. Green, who is said to have died in 
Tennessee in 1865 or 1866. He died in Newberne, January' 11, 
1852, and was buried in Cedar Grove Cemetery. His tombstone 
bears the following inscription: "Sacred to the memorv' of Nathaniel 
Waples, who was born the 16th of Feb. A. D. 1795 and departed 
this life the 11th day of Januar>' A. D. 1852, in the 57th year of 
his age." 


, -t 


Nathaniel Waples, 1795-1852. 
FVom painting in possession of 
Provost Charles Custis Harrison. 

^r-^rtTT 1^1., ii-i.,ii«Ti>fti'i 

- ■-=^T?-J^j:^?r?a!?5r 







fei« BM!fiAfr,^ iife-, v.- ^..atS-f^tea^^-iA, "a -> .-.^.-iH:' ■^"'<f*{;iraf 


SARAH ANN WAPLES, born November 4, 1816; married June 8, 1841, George Leib 

Seventh Generation 
VII. Peter Waples married Frances Trendall. 
VI. William Waples married Mary Burton. 

V. Paul \\'aples married Temperance . 

IV. Colonel Samuel Waples married Anne Custis 
III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 
II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib H; 
I. William Welsh Harrison. 

\ >■ I , . ' ,■ 



"il"'!,' !! ;/.v ■;.;; OJiin 


JOHN RILEY, of Philadelphia, clock and watch maker, was 
born in the year 1759. In 1785, and evidently until his death, he 
resided at No. 11 South Second Street. This was on the east side 
of the street, between Chestnut and Market. 

He married by license of December 30, 1784, Sarah Leib, 
daughter of John George Leib and ]Margaretha Dorothea Liebheit 
of Philadelphia, and sister of Doctor Michael Leib and of hydla 
Leib, who married John Harrison. John Carrell was surety on the 
marriage license bond, to which James Trimble was witness.^ He 
died in Philadelphia and was buried in Christ Church bursang- 
ground, where a tombstone bears the following inscription: "Mr 
John Riley May 14, 1814, in 56th year, & our beloved & only child, 
Mrs. Lydia Leib Waples, daughter of John and Sarah Riley, October 
19, 1819, in 24th year." 

On March 21, 1815, letters of administration on the estate of 
John Riley were granted to his widow, Sarah Riley, and Michael 
Leib, Esquire. John L. Leib of Philadelphia, attorney-at-law, and 
John Hart of Philadelphia, druggist, were sureties for the adminis- 


THIS INDENTURE Made the Eighteenth Day of April in the Year of our Lord One 
thousand ei?ht hundred and seventeen Between Nathaniel Waples of the City of Philadelphia 
Clock and Watchmaker, and Lydia Leib Waples his Wife (the said Lydia being the only child 
and sole Heiress at Law of John Riley late of the said City Clock and Watchmaker deceased) 
of the one part and William D. Waples of the County 3f Sussex in the State of Delaware, Gentle- 
man, and William Morrison of the City of Philadelphia aforesaid, Brewer of the other part, 
WHEREAS Thomas Savery, Executor of the Will of William Savery, by Indenture dated De- 
cember 13, 1S04, did ^rant unto the said John Riley, A Certain three story brick Messuage and 
Lot of Ground, on the east side of Delaware Second Street, between High and Chestnut Streets, 
in the said city, Containing in front North and South twelve feet and three inches, and in length, 
Eastward, One hundred feet. AND WHEREAS the said John R'ley hath since departed this 
Life Intestate leaving issue only the said Lydia and leaving his Widow Sarah Riley to sun-ive 
him. Whereupon the same Messuage descended to the sa.d Lydia, subject to the right of Dower 
for Life of her Mother, the said Sarah Rilev. And the said Lvdia having since intermarried with 
the said Nathaniel Waples, NOW THIS INDENTURE WITNESSETH, that the said Nathaniel 

Pennsylvania Archives, SLxth Series, Volume VI, p. 304. 
Administration Book L, p. 234, Philadelphia. 


Mrs. Nathaniel Waples, nee Lydia Leib Riley, 

and her daughter, 

Sarah Ann Waples (later Harrison). 

Painting in possession of 

Provost Charles Custis Harrison. 



^"iMW'i^^ W* ^^' » .:^ t^ l fapyffi^^^^ 



d8SfafTift«<hrfttffiiTfHih.-irt. ■I'iaWn 

W.iplcs and Lvdia Leib Waples his wife, have granted unto the said \\ ilhani D. Waples and 
W'llham Morrlion, All that the aforesaid Messuage and Lot of Ground, In 1 rust nevertheless for 
the sole and separate use of the above named Lydia Leib Waples durinc; the joint lives of the 
said' Nathaniel Waples and Lvdia l.cib his Wife, and that free from the inter\-ention and Control 
o'f her said Husband and free and clear from all any and every of his Contracts, Debts and hn- 
cacenients what ever and from and immcdiatelv after the decease of him the said .Nathaniel 
Wiplcs if the said Lvdia shall sun.-ive him, then to the Use of her the said Lydia and her Heirs 
and assi-ns forever, but if she the said Lvdia shall happen to die m the life time ot the said Nathan- 
iel Waples leavint; a Child or Children without having made her last W ill and 1 e.-^tament, then 
in Trust to and for all and every the Child or Children of them the said Nathaniel Waples and 
Lydia Leib his Wife, who may then be living and the lawful Issue of any such Child or Children 
then deceasi 

ed. Witnessed by William Andrews and Isaac Elliott.' 

LYDIA LEIB RILEY, born 1796; married Nathaniel Waples of Philadelphia. 

Fourth Generation 

IV. John Riley married Sarah Leib. ' 

III. Lydia Leib Riley married Nathaniel Waples. 

II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 

Philadelphia. Deed Book M. R., No. 13, p. 323. 


ROBERT BURTON, of Sussex County upon Delaware, then 
a portion of the Province of Pennsylvania, was born about the year 
1665. Pie was a Member of the Assembly from Sussex County in 
the year 1700,^ and died in 1725. 


IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN the 16th day of September in the year of Our Lord 
One Thousand Seven Hundred and Twenty and four I Robert Burton of the County of Sussex 
upon Delaware veoman being \'erv Sick and weak in body but of perfect mind and Memory 
Praised be God for the Same and Calling to mind the uncertainty of this Mortal Life it being 
Appointed for all men Once to Die do make and Ordain this my Last will and Testament in 
following Manner Viz, first and Principally I Recommend my Soul into the hands of Almighty 
God that Gave it and my body to the Earth from whence it Came to be buried in a decent Manner 
at the Discreation of my ExecutrLxs hereafter mentioned in Sure and Certain hopes of the Resur- 
rection in and Through the Merrits of my Lord and Savour Jesus Christ and as to Such worldly 
Estate as it hath Pleased God in this Life to bestow on me undeservedly, after my Just and 
Lawfull Debts are Paid I Give and bequeath in Manner and form Following 

Imps I Give and bequeath unto ray True and Loving wife Comfort Burton the bed 
and Furniture She Now lies on and also her Ridcing Mare Called Chance & her Saddle to be 
Quietly Enjoyed by her forever. Item I Give and bequeath unto my well beloved Son William 
Burton and to his Heirs forever, the Plantation and Tract of Land whereon I now dwell Con- 
taining by Estimation five hundred and fifty Acres with all the houses Edifices Orchards Meadows 
woods" underwoods Heriditaments and Appurtenances thereunto belonging or Appertaining but 
Notwithstanding it is my will that my Loving wife Comfort Burton shall have possession of the 
aforesd Plantation and all and Singular the Premises without Molestation During Such Time 
'as She shall Continue a widow and No Longer. 

Item I Give and bequeath unto my Two Grandsons Robert Burton and Joseph Burton 
sons of my Son Robert Burton deceased to them and their Heirs forever ail that Tract of Land 
and Plantation with the Appurtinances thereunto belonging Scituate Lying and being at the 
Bottom of Angola Neck and to be Divided between them as their father hath willed in his Last 
will and Testament. 

Item I will and bequeath unto my five Grandchildren, of Robert Burton a Third part 
of my Stock of Cattle now tuning and on the Plantation in Angola Neck to be Equally Divided 
among t'le Said Children Viz, Catharine, Elizabeth, Comfort, Sam! & Sarah Burton. 

Item I Give and bequeath unto my Grandson Thomas Bagwell and to his Heirs and 
Assigns forever all and Singular that Land and Marsh with the Appurtenances which I pur- 
chased from his Father Francis Bagwell Lying and being in Long Neck together with the Land 
I formerly Confirmed to him by deed of Gift which May^Appear Always, but if the said Thomas 
Bagwell Should dye without Lawfull Heir of his body, then the afore mentioned Land and Premises 
to fall to Joseph Burton Son of Joseph Burton and Robt Prettyman Son of Rob? Prettyman to 
them and Their Heirs to be Equally Divided Quantity and Quality Notwithstanding my will is 
that my Loving wife have Quiet possession of this Said Land and Premises till the Said Bag^vell 
Arrive to the Age of Twenty and One years, then he to Quietly Enjoy the Land and Marsh and 
Appurtenances Onelv then my will is that my Said wife Comfort Burton may with the Said 
Bagwell have Quiet Previledge of the Said Marsh During her widowhood 

' Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, Volume IX, p. 669. 


ill my 
age or 
!tween ^ 
:e and 


^^'^- -vJJLJ&i^^^ 

n my 

;en of 


y be 
> my 


; .ided 

i •■ jirton- 

'*<i by 
- ESS 

n .(.<X =^ 


I for 
y of 


> I 

-IV . 

O :.:)/■ ,HT 

•-■ ' t.nft-uo IT onO 









Item I Give and bequeath unto my afored wife Comfort Burton the use of all my 
Negroes Slaves to be uniler Command during licr widowhood but at the day of Marrage or 
death then my will and meaning is that my Said .Negroes Slaves be Equally Divided Between 
niy aforesaid Son W'm Burton and my live Daughters, \'iz, Sarah Elizabeth Anne Patience and 
Comfort them and their Heirs, whicii that is to Say Heirs they have by their first Husbands 
(viz) Children to be (Juietly Enjoyed and Possessed by them forever 

Item I Give and bequeath unto Elenor Lctherberry and to her Heirs a Three year Old 
Marc her and her Increase and Also the Linnen wheel she Spins on to be Enjoyed by her & her 
heirs forever 

Item I will and bequeath to my Grandson W'm Burton Son of Joseph Burton to him 
and his Heirs forever a Gun known by the Name of Petty 

Item I will and bequeath unto my Grandson Joseph Burton Son of Joseph Burton to 
him and his Heirs forever live Pounds. 

Item I will and desire that all that Tract of Land and Premises belonging thereunto 
and Containing by Estimation Eleven Hundred Acres being the Same Land I Some Time Sence 
Purchased from Thomas Bedwell be Vallued by Two Honest men and to be Reckoned in my 
Personal Estate to be distributed as hereafter Slentioned 

Item I will and bequeath that all the rest and residue of Personal Estate of what Nature 
or kind Soever, it being in this Government or Elsewhere. Togather with the aforsd Land \'alued 
as before Mentioned, to be Equally divided into Seven Parts whereof Three Parts to be taken of 
and I)i:^tributed as hereafter Mentioned, the other four remaining Parts to be Equally divided 
between my Loving wife Comfort Burton and my Three Daughters Sarah Anne and Patience 
them and their Heirs forever. 

Item I will and Desire that the One Part of those Three Parts taken Out of my Per- 
sonal Estate be Equally divided between my Nine Grand Children Children of my Daughter 
Mary Waples deceased Once the wife of William Waples. 

Item I will and Desire that another of those Three Parts before mentioned may be 
disposed and Divided as foUoweth (Viz) that the half of the Said Part may be gi\ en unto my 
Daughter Elizabeth Prettyman wife of William Prettyman, the other half to be Equally divided 
between her four youngest Children She had by her former Husband Joseph Burton to them and 
their Heirs forever (Viz) Catharine Cornelius Jacob and Joseph Burton. 

Item I will and desire the Third and Last Part of those Three Parts before Mentioned 
may be disposed and divided as FoUoweth (\'iz) that the half Part of the Said Part may be given 
unto my Daughter Comfort Walker or her heirs, the other half part to be Equally divided be- 
tween her Two Children she had by her first Husband Thomas Prettyman to them and their 
Heirs forever. 

Item My will and desire is that John Rhodes and Richd Henman may ba Overseers of 
this my Last will and Testament desireing and willing they also may See my Estate divided 
Among them as my will Testifies without bringing to Appraisment 

And Lastly I do hereby Ordain Constitute and Appoint my afore said wife Comfort Burton 
and my Three Daughters Sarah Prettvman Anne Burton and Patience Waples to be Executri,\s 
of this my Last will and Testament Revoking and Making Void all other and former wills by 
me heretofore Made declaring this and no other to be my Last will and Testament IN WITNESS 
whereof I have hereunto Sett my hand and Seal the day and year above and tirst written 

Signed Sealed Published Pronounced and Declared by the Said Robert Burton Senr 
to be his Last will and Testament in Presence of us Job Barker, Oliver Stockley and Thomas 
Leatherbury. Probated October 16, 1725.i 


1. William Burton was a witness and testified in the boundary dispute between the 
Penns and the Calverts, viz.: " Willi: m Burton of Maryland, Planter, aged 
62. Says that he has resided in the County of Sussex and in Maryland for 
48 years past, and that he has heard that the first Christian People who settled 
the said Counties of Newcastle, Kent and Sussex, were Swedes and Dutch; and 
understood, from some Writings which he has seen, that the said County of 
Sussex was formerly called Dale; and Delaware Bay aforesaid was called 
Wilk, by the Province of New York." Also, "That he has never been at 
Sea, but has been in a high Wood of about 100 .Acres on Fenicks's Island, 
and on the Sea Coast, which he has been informed by Sailors, has the .Appear- 
ance of a Cape from the Sea: but as it is approached, that Appearance van- 
ishes, and there is no Cape at all; That it is by some People called the False 
Cape, and by others Fenick's Island: he never heard it called by any other 

' Georgetown, Delaware. Will Book A, No. 1, p. 210. 


Name until he saw the printed Plan or Map mentioned in the late Agree- 
ment, between tlie Proprietors of l'en<il\-ania and MarN land, bv which it is 
called Cape Hinlopen; That he never heard the Place called Cape Cornelius 
in that Map, called by that Name until the Proprietor of Pensiivania arrived 
in that Province, about 40 Years a:Jo. And has heard his Father sav, that 
the same Proprietor then called it by that Name, but before that Time, as 
he ever understood, it was called Cape Henlopen." ' 

2. Robert Burtom, married and had issue: Robert, Joseph, Catharine, Elizabeth, 

Comfort, Samuel and Sarah. 

3. Sar.^h Burton. 

4. Elizabeth Burton, married first, Joseph Burton; second, William Prettyman. 

5. Anne Burton, married Francis Bagwell. 

6. MARY BURTON, married William Waples. 

7. Patience Burton, married Waples. 

8. Comfort Burton, married first, Thomas Prettyman; second, Walker. 

Seventh Gener.\tion 

VII. Robert Burton married Comfort . 

VI. Mary Burton married William Waples. 

V. Paul Waples married Temperance . 

IV. Colonel Samuel Waples married Anne Custis. 
III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 
II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 
I. William Welsh Harrison. 

' Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, Volume XVI, pp. 673, 675, 676. 


Cockermouth, England. 


1^ ^^-mt 







^ ■ ^. 

" V-r.- 'i 

,. \ 

^rifeitffMiiif^aii ft ifjiea^. 


PAUL TRENDALL of Northampton Count}', Virginia, was 
born about the >'ear 1623. The following deposition is the earliest 
record found concerning him in \'irginia: 

"The deposition of Paull Trindall aged about 25 ycares sworne 
& exam, in Court this 28th of August 1648. 
" Sayth 

"That beinge in company wth Man,' West she meete wtli 
Nicholas Bearnard & bid him yt hee should not take her bill of \\m 
Vincent wch he had for four barr. of Corne & about thirty sixe 
pounde of butter because she would discount it wth him: And 
further s'th not Paull Trindall." ^ 

He died prior to Februar>^ 27, 1678, on which day letters of 
administration on his estate were granted to his son-in-law, Peter 
Waples.^ Paul Trendall may have had other children than the one 
mentioned below. 

child of PAUL TRENDALL: 
1. FRANCES TRENDALL, married Peter Waples. 


Eighth Generation 

VIII. Paul Trendall of Northampton County. 

VII. Frances Trendall married Peter Waples. 

VI. William Waples married Mary Burton. 

V. Paul Waples married Temperance . 

IV. Colonel Samuel Waples married Anne Custis. 

III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 

II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib H 

I. William Welsh H 

Northampton County Records. Volume of Orders, Deeds, Wills, etc., No. 3, p. 1S2. 
Northampton County Records. Order Book No. 10, p. 328. 



Arms: Argent, three popinjays vert. 

Crest: An archer proper, coat vert, shooting an arrow from a bow of the first. 

JOHN CUSTIS, an Englishman, born about the year 1599, 
was a resident of Rotterdam, Holland, previous to his settlement in 
Virginia. It has been stated by Bishop Meade, in his Old Churches 
and Families of Virginia, that John Custis was of Irish birth; but 
the record of naturalization of his sons John and William Custis, in 
1658, sets forth that they were by descent, but not b\' birth, natural 
Englishmen. It is most probable that John Custis was of a family 
of Gloucestershire, England. 

He married, prior to 1630, Joan or Jane Powell. The will of 
John Smithier of Arlington, in the parish of Buybur>' and County of 
Gloucester, England, dated Februan,^ 16, 1618, proved October 31, 
1626, made a bequest to his cousin Jane Powell and appointed her 
executrix. He mentioned his cousin, Henry Custis, alias Cliffe; 
son-in-law, Edmund Custis, alias Cliffe; his son, John Custis, and 
William and Nicholas Custis.^ This will is of particular interest, as 
the Custis family of \'irginia used the Cliffe coat-of-arms, as shown 
above, and Major-General John Custis called his Virginia estate 

John Custis evidently resided in Holland as early as 1630, the 
date of birth of his son John, as the naturalization record of the 
latter shows that he was born out of the Kingdom of England. 

Charles the First was beheaded January 30, 1649, and it is 
well known that some of his followers found a refuge from the 
Cromwellian party in New England and Virginia. John Custis was 
on the Eastern Shore of Virginia as early as 1652." He served on a 

■ Liber, Hele, folio 133. Somerset House, London. William atid Mary College Quarterly, Volume 
III, p. 261. 

According to an Inquisition Postmortem, taken at Cirencester, 27th October, 1642, 
after the death of William Cliffe, alias Custus, it was shown that the said William Cliffe, 
alias Custui, died .August 8, 1642. Richard Sherman and John Whithorne were his kins- 
men. The deceased left lands in Woodchester. (Misc. Chan. Inquisitions Postmortem, 18 
Charles I, part 16, -N'o. 101. Public Record Office, London.) 

" Northampton County Records, Volume IV, p. 85. 


■A !'^,v/ 

■i(j'\ ,, 

Arms of the Cliffe and Custis Families. 



jun,' in Northampton County, with his son John, November 20 
1655.' The date of his deatli is not known and no record of the 
settlement of liis estate has been found in Virginia; it may be re 
corded in Holland. 

Joan, the wife of Joiin Custis, died prior to January' 5, 1675 

"Whereas a Contravcrsy is dependinge at Law undecided att Rotterdam on ye prtence 
of a proportion of the Estate left by M'^ Joane Custis which her son Edmond as also her son 
John Doe Individually lay claime unto, Now bee it knowne unto all men by these p''sents That 
I the above Said Edmond have Agreed and Consented Unto my above said Brother John; To 
Renounce imto him my whole Title & prtence to any thinge left by our Said Mother beinge 
Satisfyed with my proportion of that gift of our Said Mother duringe her life in Two hundred 
pound Sterlinge paid by Mr John Smithes many yeares past. Whereunto 1 Sett my hand & 
Scale this 5th of January 1675 in London. 
Signed & Scaled in the Edmp Ci;stis 

prsence of us 
Isaac Key 
Oliver Hering." " 

"Whereas by the hand writinge of Rob? Custis my Brother of Rotterdam, as also under 
y* hand of M"" Richard Banks Merchant in London it doth appeare there is due unto me fifty 
pound Sterlinge at Such time when the duties of Custome paid on >•« Ladinge of the Carolus 
Secundus (cast away) should bee repaid Againe. Of which fifty pound I Doe Acknowledge Whale 
reed Tenn pound in part. These are to Certifye That for y^ remaineinge forty pound I Doe 
Acknowledge to bee fully Satisfyed bv my Brother John Custis and Doe hereby resigne up Unto 
him my whole Interest therein for his proper use. In witnes whereof I have hereunto sett my 
hand & Scale This S'l' January 1675 London. 
Signed & Sealed in the ' Em? Custis 

prsence of 
Isaac Key 
Oliver Heringe.' 


1. THOMAS CUSTIS of Baltimore, Ireland, had son Edmund. The latter accom- 

panied his uncle, John Custis, to \'irginia, apparent by deed of gift from 
John Custis to Edmund, October 3, 1690, and by will oi' John Custis, dated 
March IS, 1691. 

2. Edmunt) Custis of London, England, signed the release to his mother's estate, January 

5, 1675. 

3. Robert Custis of Rotterdam, Holland, mentioned in release of Edmund Custis, 

January 5, 1675. 

4. MAJOR-GEXERAL JOHN CUSTIS, born 16.^0; died January 29, 1696; married 

first, Elizabeth Robinson; second, Alicia Walker; third, Tatsitha Scarburgh. 

5. WaLiAM Custis, born in Holland, 1633; naturalized in Virginia, April 7, 165S; settled 

in Northampton County.* 

6. Joseph Custis. 

7. Anne Custis, married in 1649, Colonel Argall Yeardley of Northampton County, 

Virginia, eldest son of Sir George and Temperance Yeardley, born about 1621.' 

Northampton County Records, Volume VI. 
Northampton County Records, Volume II, p. 92. 
Northampton County Records, Volume II, p. 92. 
'he Virginia Magazine, Volume V, p. 132. 
Sir George Yeardley, T. T. Upshur, p, 3. 


MAJC)R-G1-:XERAL JOHN CUSTIS of "Arlin-ton," Xortli- 
anipton Count}-, Virginia, son of John Cusiis and jane Powell, was 
born in the year 1630. He was in Northampton County, Virginia, 
as early as 1654, and served on a jun.- with his father, November 20, 
1655.' ' He and his brother, William Custis, were naturalized April 
7, 165S, as shown by the following record, from which it appears 
that they had been in Virginia four years and were evidently born 
in Holland: 

"Whereas by Act of Assemblv held at Tames City this Instant March 165S It is Enacted 
that all Aliens & Strangers wch have Inhabited this Country four Years & firmly resolved to make 
this Country the placie of their const' Residence Should be free Denizens of this Country and 
there by be Invested with all priviledges they are anyways Capable of This grand Assembly 
upon ye petition of John & Wm Custis being by decent though not by Birth Natural English- 
men have hereby declared approved & made ye Said John & Wm; Custis to be Naturalized in 
Virginia giving & hereby granting unto the Said [ohn & Wm Custis full power & priviledge to 
purchase hold and dispose of Land to Trade it Tratick & all other priviledges & Immunities to 
be Invested with and Injoy in as full and ample manner to all Intents and purposes as if they had 
been Englishmen born provided yt in the County Court where they doth reside that they Shall 
take oath of fidelity to yc Goverment of ye Country which oath is to be Administred by the 
Coniis? of the Said County Court and there to be record given this 7'h of April 1658. 

Teste Henry Randolph CI. Cur. 

"The above mentioned psons Mr John & Wm Custis have taken an Oath of Fidelity ad- 
ministred to them by the Comiso of Northampton Court in the County of Accomack accord- 
ing to Act of Assembly: Record may y^ lOt'' 1658 
^ Teste John Boys CI Cur." ■ 

Major-General John Custis married first, Elizabeth Robinson, 
as shown by the will of her mother, Elizabeth Robinson of Shadwell, 
parish of Stepheny, Middlesex County, England, proved June 29, 
1668, in which the testatrix bequeathed to her grandson, John Custis, 
a red seal ring.^ By this first wife John Custis had his only child, 
(Colonel) John Custis. 

He married second, in 1657, Alicia, widow of Peter Walker.'* 
She had married first, George Traveller,^ second, William Burdett, 
and third. Major Walker. John Custis married third, Tabitha 
Scarburgh,*^ daughter of Edmund and Maiy Scarburgh, and widow 
of Devereux Browne.'^ Tabitha was first married to John Smart, 

■ Northampton County Records, Volume \T. 

' Accomac County Records, Volume of Deeds, Wills, jtc, 1657-1666, p. 6. 

^ Accomac County Records, X'olume VI 11, p. 26. 

* Accomac County Records, Volumes VII and VIII, 1655-1658, p. 68. John Custis, who married 
the widow of Major Peter Walker, 1657. 

s Northampton County Records, Volume 1663-16S6, p. 136. Richard Reberdy, alias Green, 
of Northampton Co., gentleman, and Elisheba his wife, the only grandchild of George 
Trabeller of said county, deceased. Said Elisheba the granddaughter of .Alicia Custis. 

' On May 30, 1693, a deposition was made by Tabitha Custis, aged 53 years or thereabouts, 
(Northampton County Records, Volume XIII, ii. 235.) 

' April 30, 16S4. John Custis the elder of Northampton Co., Esquire and Tabitha his wife, 
in consideration and in pursuance of the award, etc., between .Martha Browne, widow of 
Edmond Browne, deceased, son and heir of Deverax Browne, late of Accomac, deceased 
and John Custis of .Northampton Co., Esquire, and Tabitha his wife, relict and one of 
the administrators of the said Deverax. (.Northampton County Records, Volume 1676- 
1690, p. 400.) 


■li j.-.fl1 

Colonel John Custis, ".Ctat 48, 1725.' 

From painting owned by 

Mrs. Philip Tabbs Ycatman 

of Alexandria, Virginia. 




-- - - . . ?^^'-'^'. . -.„. 

second, to DcNX'reiix Browne, and after the dcatli of Major-Gcneral 
Ciistis, she married fourth, Colonel Kdward Hill of Charles City 
County, X'irginia.' 

John Custis was appointed Surveyor of Northampton Count)', 
November 26, 1653,'- and High Sheriff of the same count\-, April 17, 
1665.^ He was a member of the Governor's Council and Major- 
General of the troops of X'irglnia.^ 

He "was an active, enterprising man, engaged in making salt 
on one of the islands. Foremost in all civil and ecclesiastical matters. 
I In 1676, during Bacon's Rebellion, he was appointed a major general. 

I |ohn Custis was a true ro\alist; a law and order man, and a great 

I favorite of Lord Arlington in the time of Charles H. This John 

I Custis was one of the vestn,- of Hungars' Parish, and presented sets 

; of heavy silver communion sers-ice to both churches, upper and 

I lower, of Northampton; and when the lower church was built, in 

I 1680, near which was his residence, he promised to give the builder 

% one hogshead of tobacco, or its equivalent, and thirty gallons of 

I cider to put up for him the first pew in the church." ^ 

I John Custis seems to have visited Rotterdam prior to 1672-3, 

I probably in relation to the estates of his father and mother. The 

I release signed b\- Edmond Custis to his brother John, January- 5, 

I 1675, shows that their mother's estate in Rotterdam was then un- 

l settled. The following license was granted to John Custis, Januarv 

j 14, 1672-3. 


I "CHARLES By the Grace of God Kinge of Create Brittaine Fraunce and Ireland De- 

I fender of the Faith &c. To all our .^dmiralU, Vice Admiralls, Comaunders of our men of Warr, 

I Governors of our Port=, & to all others our Officers, both by Sea and Land, to whome these p^sents 

I shall come Greetinge. 

I " Whereas John Custis Inhabitant of Rotterdam in the Province of Holland hath humbly 

« desired our letters of Safe Conduct For his Voyage and Transport into this our Kingdome. These 

J' are strictly to charge and require yo"^ and every of yo^" upon sight hereof to permit the said 

John Custis to passe and Transport himselfe with his family, their .\rms, moneys, goods, & 
effects, of what nature or kinde soever (Even those prohibited to bee Imported into this Realm 
»ee hereby dispensinge there with) into the Port of London, or to any other port with in this our 
Kingdomeof England, without any hindrance lett or Molcstacon, \Vee havinge taken the Said 
John Custis his family & EsUte into our Royall protection & Speciall Safeguard by these p^sents: 
And wee Doe further require & Comaund Such of our Officers att Sea, To whome these our letters 

November 18, 1690. John Custis and Tabitha his wife of the County of Northampton, 
to John Drumond of .Accomac County. For 300 acres of land, devised by will of George 
Watson, dated -November 4, 1674, to said Tabitha, then relict of Devorax Brown, merchant, 
now wife of John Custis. (Northampton County Records. Volume 1676-1690, p. 533.) 

' Deed of Gift, 1696. Edward Hill of the County of' Charles City in James River. Virginia, 
Esquire, to Tabitha Custis, widow of John Custis, late of .Arlington, Northampton County, 
who was to marry the said Edward Hill. (Northampton County Records, Volume XII, 
.. P- 94.) 

' Northampton County Records, Volume IV, p. 216. 

' Northampton County Records, Volume IX. p. 3. 

' Ucnning's Statutes. Palmer's State Papers, \'olume I, p. 21. Lipfiincott's Magazine, December, 

' Lfe of Virginia, p. 456. 

[ 91 1 

;|.' r- !r 

Shall happen to bcc shownc, That Imcdiately Upon Sight here of, they & every of them charge 
themselves, with the GuarJincje & protectinge, of the said John Custis in his person, familv, & 
goods, and also the Shijip or Vessell wherein %■« Said John Custis shall [liappen to be Embarqucd, 
And that they Treate him & his faniiU', upon all occasions, in the Same manner, as if the Said 
John Custis had bccne by o^ Imediate ordr comitted to their particular care & Convoy; Ob- 
servinge these our letters of Safe Conduct in all things Inviolably Upon Pain of Death (or Such 
is our pleasure: And Wee doe further make it our Speciall request to our Good Brother & Ally, 
the most Christian Kinge his Officers & Subjects, That if the said John Custis his family or goods, 
happen to be detained by Constraint of the Enemy or other Impedim? in any Towne. Garrison 
or place That is or hereafter be Reduced by the Armes of our said Good Brother, The Said John 
Custis his family & Goods may upon Sight of these p''scnts, be received & reniaine, under the 
protection & Speciall Safeguard of the Said most Christian Kinge, as our Naturall born Subject 
(havinge our letters of Safe Conduct and remaineinge undi' >« force of a Comon Enemy) by 
the Law of Xations, and y^ Strict alliance betweene >•« Two Crowiics ought to be. And that 
>* Said Jolin Custis with his family & Goods, passinge through any ye Quarters, Frontiers, Gar- 
risons, Camps, or Conquered place, of \"e said Alost Christian Kinge, may bee received protected 
& treated, with >* Same favour, friendsliipp & assistance, as if hee were our owne Naturall borne 
Subject, Wee assuringe our Good Brother, y^ most Christian Kinge, of our readines to make a 
returne answerable upon the like occasion. Given at our Court att Whitehall ye 14'h day of 
January 1672-3. 

Licence for By his ^L^'ies Comaund 

Tn9 Custis to come ARLINGTON 

from Holland. 

"Virginia North'on County the 20th May 16S4. Att ye instance of ye above said Jn9 
Custis. Recordd 

D.\n: Neech CI. Cu. Co: pr dicti." • 

The following appeared in the commissioners' report of the 
"Persons who suffered by Bacon's Rebellion." ^ 

"Major General Jo. Custis whose house was Sir William 
Berkeley's continued Quarters, a person who at all tymes and Places 
boldly asserted, and supported to his power the Governours honour 
and cause in his Majesties behalf against the Rebells. This worthy 
Gentleman upon consulting severall of the most emminent and able 
persons in Virginia for victualling his INIajestyes ships there most 
frankly and engaged to lend the King a Thousand pounds sterling 
on his owne account, to promote and advance the doing thereof if 
it possibly have been performed answerable to his Majesties on 
their Exigency, which none would undertake to doe." ^ 

"Att a Councill held att James Citty Aprill 15th 1692. Prsent: The Rt Honoble Francis 
Nicholson Esqf their Maties Lieut Governor of Virga \\m Cole Esqf See Wra B>Td Esqt John 
Lear Esqr C'' Wormelev Esqf Henry Whitinge Esqt Edmund Jennings Esqf 

" The Rt Honoble their Mat'es Lt Governor caused to be Read A petition of John Custis 
Esqr one of their Maties Council of this Colony directed to his Honor wherein the Said Custis 
Setts forth that beinge grown Aged, and God .-\llmighty for some years past havinge been pleased 
to Visitt him with Extreame Violent Sicknesses in Soe much That in his owne Judgmt and the 
opinion of most others that Saw him hee could not live, and allthough it hath pleased God in 
Some measure to restore his health:, yet is hee Sometimes Afflicted with very Violent fitts to 
Such a degree that were not Extraordinary care taken of him in them he Should be in greate 
danger. And for that by Such his disability and ye failer of his memory; and hearinge, he is 
AUtogether Unable to pforme the duty required of him in the pformance of the Severall offices 
and places hee now Enjoyes, hee most humbly prayed that he might bee discharged from them 
being desirous to Spend the remainder of his da yes in .A Retired life: After the Readinge whereof 
his Honor the L' Govt desired the opinion of ye Councill therein; who Acquainted his Honor 

« Northampton County Records, Deeds and Wills, Volume 16SO-1692. 

' A movement made by a Virginian, Nathaniel Bacon, and a strong party, against Berkeley, the 

Royalist governor, in 1676. 
' The Vjrgini<i Magazitie, Volume V, p. 69. 


Daniel Parke Custis, 1711-1757. 

From portrait in 

Washington and Lee University, 

Lexington, Virginia. 

-r^4 ^^ 

X ■ -v.- 





/ . ■ 

"'• .' .»^Jt.JB^;f<ii^.^..^..vs^--.^.jia,^.^.^i^ ■--»>-iJ^ ^,.,..a.A ^i%i^ .^^(j.^j^^,^,^^t^-^..£!st«,^^&i^-^ 

That the Said Custis had All alonce faithtullv and diligently discharged his duty in the Scverall 
,,l,ce5 and oiViccs hce had beene Honored \\ith, and in y<-- late Unhapin- troublesm the yeare 
1076- was very diligent and Active in ptormance ot his dnt\- to the then p'sent Kmge C harles 
the Srccrd ict 'ever blessed niemorv) and was in A \crv high degree serviceable to the Coiintrey 
m G^cn- and to inanv Lovall Gentlemen in particular: Hut it havinge pleased God lor borne 
vcars to \isit him with verv create Sicknesses w<:h hath caused him to be very weake, and beinge 
vet africted with verv \'iolent htts, one of which it may bee Expected in A small time will carry 
t'lim out of this world Also it beinge Evident that his memory & hearinge are both very bad. Are 
of opinion that the sd Custis his petition is very Reasonable on Consideration whereol: ;is also 
that hU Honor is very sensible during the time of his bcinge in this Goverment the baul Custis 
hath faithtullv discharged his dutv; and likewise well knowinge the Said Custis his Indispusicon 
of bodv with'the Advice & Consent of their .Mati«^s Council! Doth for the future discharge 
the Said Custis from his Attendance att Gen'! Courts cS: CouncilU till their Mat'e? pleasure be 
known therein; and from all other publick places & Ortices whatsoever (the said Custis clear- 
inge the Ships hee hath alreadv Entred) And their most Gracious .Mat--s are huniblv buppli- 
nted to take the Said Custis his Petition into their Royall Consideration and graunt the Same. 

Cop? \'era Test \V. Edwards C! Cou;' ' 

I Major-General Custis died in Virginia, January 29, 1696, and 

I was buried at "Arlington." His coat-of-arms was inscribed on his 

I tomb with the following inscription: 

I "Here lies the Body of John Custis Esq., one of the CounciU 

and Major Generall of Virginia who departed this life ye 29th Jan- 
; uar>- 1696 aged 66 years. And by his side a son and daughter Of 

his Grandson John Custis whom He had by the daughter of Daniel 

Parke Esq. Capt. Generall And Chief Governor of the Leeward 

Islands. Virtus Post Funera." ' 

In the Name of God Amen the Eighteenth day of March in the fourth yeare of the Reigne 
of cur Soveraigne Lord & I.adv William & Mary Kinge & Queene &c; And in the yeare of our 
Lord God One Thousand Six hundred Ninety &' one I John Custis of Northampton County on 
the Easterne Shore in Virginia Esqr beinge weake in body But of good and perfect minde and 
memory (thanks bee unto AUmightv God) And callinge to Remembrance the uncertaine Estate 
of this Transitory life And that All flesh must yeild unto death when it Shall please God to call: 
Doe make Constitute Ordainc and declare this my last Will and Testani' in manner and forme 
followinge: Revokeinge and AnnuUinge by these prsents All and every Testamt & lestamts 
Will & Wills heretofore by me made and declared either by word or writinge: And this tor to 
Stand and bee in full force and for and as mv Last Will and Testam' and none other: Princi- 
pally Comittinge & Comendinge mv Soule into the hands of Allmighty God .my Creator Iriist- 
iag and Assuredly beleeving (through the Meritts & passion of our Lord & Savior Jesus Christ) 
to Inherit Everlasting life And mv body to bee buried in Such place and decent manner as it 
Shall please mv Executo-"-' hereafter Named to Appoint: And for the Setling of my lemporali 
Estate Such as it hath pleased God for to bestow upon me I Doe order give Will devise and be- 
queath the Same in manner & forme followinge (that is to Say) 

ft'irst I will that All Such debts and duties as I justly owe to any pson or persons whatsoever bhall 
bee well and truly Contented and paid within Convenient time after my decease by my tx- 
fcutor? hereafter Named. . , , t, ji_ » j 

Item I Doe hereby give bequeath and conf^rme to my Kinsman John Bradhurst and 
hi-1 heirs for ever (five hundred Acres of Land beinge part of my Devident of Land called JoHy^ 
Neck l\-;nge and beinge in Accomack County in Virga According to my free Deed of gitt i^'hich 
I have 'Already given him for the Same under my hand and Scale as fully and as firmly to All 
intents and purposes As if the Said Deed had beene by me Acknowledged m the Court ot the 
Said County of Accomack and there Recorded: And further my Will and desire is That my 
Said Kinsmkn John Bradhurst as Soone as he hath an oppertunity purchase A man or bov berv^ 
f'.r the full time hee comes into the Countrev: as reasonable as hee can And that the Said Servant 
I « paid for by my Execrs hereafter Named which Said serv' I Doe also; freely give & bequeath 
tT my Said Kinsman for his full time as aforesaid. 

i I 


Northampton County Records. Orders and Wills. Volume XIII, p- 
Wiiiiam and Mary College Quarterly, Volume III, p. 258. 


Item I 1 )nc devise and bequeath unto my Kinsman Edmond Custis Son of mv nrotlier 
Thomas Custii Eicht hundred Acres ct Land lyinse and beince at iJcepe Creeke in the County 
of Accomack aforesaid and to his heires lor ever: which Said Eic;ht hundred Acres of Land is 
now part or parcell of the Seventeen liundred and htly Acres of Land Iiereafter in this Will j,Mven 
by me to my Deare and kn-ins;c wife 'I'abitha Custis but xXbutteth L"i)on the Same and that one 
Thousand Acres of Land Pattented and belonging to Tabitha Smart deceased and her heires. 

Item And I Doe for me my heires Exec? and AdnT"? remise, release, and for ever quit 
claime Unto Smart the Son of William Whittington and to his heires for ever: All and All 
manner of Right title Interest cLaimc and demand Upon any prtence whatsoever I or they have 
or may have to the Said one Thousand Acres of Land. 

Item I give and bequeath unto my Deare and lovinge wife Tabitha Custis and to her 
heires for ever: All that Tract or Devident of Land in Accomack County aforesaid at Decpe 
Creeke Containeing one Thousand se\en hundred & fifty Acres of Land beinge the halfe of Three 
Thousand five hundred Acres formerly pattented in her and Sister Matilda lier \ame with all 
houses Orcliards, Gardens, iTences, and all other profits & comodities thereunto belonging: 
Together with all Cattle horses & Mares belonginge to me (and not before disposed of by Deed 
of gift to my Kinsman Edmond Custis) now Running Upon it or which shall be thereto belonging 
at the day of my death. 

Item I give Will and bequeath unto my Said wife Tabitha Custis These following 
Negroes or slaves by Name (vizt) Kate, Charles, Jeremy, Rose A childe, Jennv A childe, Jack, 
Jenny Gabriels Daughter, Betty, Negro Ned, Maria, her child, Simon A Boy, Tom, Bell, Long 
Tom, Gabriel, Indian Jone, with all & every of their increase to bee fully. Freely & absolutely 
Enjoyed by her my Said Wife and at her disposall after my decease And I Doe also give and 

bequeath unto my aforesaid wife Tabitha Custis, Bead'le, Stephen Twyman, Taylor Boy, 

Ellenor MoghuU Irish woman. Servants for terme of years for the full time they have or shall 
have to serve by any way or meanes howsoever: And it is my Will and desire That my Slave 
Gabriel Jacob before herein menconed to be given to my Said wife at the Expiracon of foure 
years service to her. after my decease on Imploym* in the Sloope or otherwise as occasion re- 
quires then to be free and at his owne disposall But if it Soe happens That my Said Wife Should 
decease in less time then the Said foure years. Thence forward my Said Slave afore named to 
have and begin his manumission and freedome. 

Item My Will is that my Said wife Shall have and Enjoy to her ow-ne proper use for 
ever (without being Reckoned or Accompted any part or parcell of my psonall Estate) Three 
feather beds and Bolsters, Twelve downe pillowes, with one Rugg, one paire of blanketts, and 
A Suite of Curtains & Vallence to Each of them Said beds Such as my Said wife Shall choose of 
any in my Mansion house Arlington, Accordingly her Gold chaine for her Neck & Locketts, 
with all her Jewells, Rings, Necklaces, pockott watch, wearing Apparrell, made Up or by her 
intended to be made Up (To say) All Such New Linnens, Silks, Sattens, or other Stuffs of what 
kinde Soever as are now in my house, or which Shall be in my house or in passage for \'ireinia 
or sent for before the time of my death for her owne perticular use and wearing: And further 
I freelv give unto my Said wife my Russia Leather Couch & dozen of chaires dittP and my Square 
Table in the Hall, and the presse made of Cedar and black Wallnutt in the greate Parlour also 
my three best Copper Kettles or Such as Shee Shall choose at my dwelling house Arlington: 
Together with all provisions tliere upon beinge or growing (To witt) Indian Corne, Tobacco, 
Wheate and all other graine or pulse and all other Necessaryes provided for the keeping, iMaine- 
tenance, & feeding of my family. 

Item: I will and bequeath to my Said loving wife Tabitha Custis AH that Devident of 
Land and Dwelling plantacon I now live on at Arlington together with the Mansion house All 
the houses, outhouses, gardens. Orchards, and other Appurtenc? &c. Also my whole Island 
called Mockon with all houses and Appurtennc? thereunto belonging for the whole & Sole benefit 
of her Stock, And all other profitts. priviledges and Immunities that may any way Appertaine 
or belonge unto the Same duringe her Naturall life: And after her decease to nav Grandson John 
Custis And to the heires male of his body for ever: And for want of Such Issue then to the 
ne.xt of my Kindred but heires male for ever. 

Item I give Will and bequeath unto my Said Grandson John Custis these following 
Negroes hereafter Named (that is to Say) JetTery, Bess, A boy child, Peter. Mall, Tucker, Sarah, 
Nanney, Young Daniel, Sandy, Gustiea, Bab & Tom Sarah to bee delivered him with their 
increase att the Age of one and Twenty years And till then my aforesaid Wife Tabitha Custis to 
have the profit and benefit of my Said Grandsons Negroes tor his more liberall Mainetenance 
and Education: And for that Lookinge after and takemge care of his Stock: I Doe also give 
Will devi,e and bequeath my Island called Smiths Island wholly to my Said GrandSon John 
Custis: -And to the heires Male of his body for ever: And for want of Such Issue then to the 
next of my Kindred but heires male for ever: My W'ill also further is That my Said Grandson 
John Custis have the greate Dutch Presse and the Gilded looking Glasse in the dineing Roome 
of my Mansion house Arlington 

Item All the rest of my Lands, houses or plantacons, wheresoever or whatsoever I 
give to my Son John Custis and to his heires for ever: To Say All Such as are not before in 


Martha Dandridge, 1732-1802. 

Married first, 1749, Danid Parke Custis; 

second, 1759, George Washington. 

From painting in 

Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia. 

-rrr-v!^??''^"^''' r-?^':^'r'T7T^ir7^'^"*?s»rsf«sf^^!?r'T»^«^ 



-' ^ . t h 

.•,'in ■,ift-riiJaf^^'^*^'-a;''ifc--^«i*-^i^A>J^-'i^^ .->.v,..-»«rfi««aM 

i ' 


lliis my Will otherwise disposed of: And it is likewise my Will and desire And I Doe hereby 
ri\ c- and bequeath unto my Said Son All niv Wearing ApparrcU what Soc\ or my owne Diamond 
Kias, & pockett Watch, Swords & Bells, my owne Rydinq; Saddle wth Holsters pistolls & furni- 
ture thereunto bcIon;^ing All w hich are to be wholly at his owne disposall, As also my owne Ryding 
hurse to my Said Son. 

Item My Will is That my Executor? hereafter Nominated Doc lay out and Expend 
Tcnn pounds sterlint; on mourning Rings and bestow them on Such friends as they Shall thinke 

Item I will and desire and doe hereby further give Will and bequeath unto my Deare 
& lo\ing wife Tabitha Custis aforesaid her owne Ryding horse with Saddles & furniture Ap- 
perlaineing to them. 

Item ]\Iy U'ill is That All my Stocks of Cattle Sheepe horses & Mares (not herein al- 
ro.idy disposed of) Alt all or any of my plantacons or Islands whatsoever: I give bestow and 
hcqueath in Equall Thirds betwixt my Said Wife Tabitha Custis, my Sonn Jn9 Custis & my 
GrandSon John Custis to bee Equally devided betweene them (only my Said wife to have her 
first choice of every severall devision) and soe to remaine to them respectively with all their 
increase male and female. 

Item All the rest of my Estate whatsoever either in Virginia, Maryland, England, 
Scotland, Ireland, or Else where, whether in moneys, plate, Merchandizes, goods, debts. Servants, 
Chatties Reall, and Chatties personall of what nature or kinde soever not before herein be- 
queathed or given away (After one hundred pounds Sterlinge money of the Kingdome of Eng- 
land Sett Apart or the full \'alue thereof which I desire my Son to take care and see that it bee 
ducly remitted & jjaid as occasion requires for Maintenance of his childe my GrandSon John 
Custis at board & Schoole in England) I gi%e bestow and bequeath in Equall halfes betwixt my 
Said loving wife Tabitha Custis and my Said Son John Custis (only my Said wife to have her 
first choice of every Severall devision) And I Doe hereby Nominate Appointe and make my Said 
wife Tabitha Custis and my Said Son John Custis Executor? of this my last Will and Testam? 
.And Lastly in Testimony and confirmacon whereof I have hereto Subscribed my hand and putt 
to my Scale to this my said Will beinge Two severall sheets of paper Marked at the bottome 
N? 1: No 2 And Doe publish this for my last Will and Testam? in the p''sence of these persons 
Underwritten whome I purposely sent for and desire to Witncs the Same. 

Jno Custis 
These two Severall Sheets of 
p.iper Signed and Sealed by 
the Said John Custis Esqr as 
also published and declared 

by him as his last Will and ' '■ • ■ ' ' ' '■ 

Testam* and none other in 
p'scnce of us 

[ John Robins Ffr: Nicholson 

I Dan: Neech Ffr.ances Waterson . : 

5 Esther Robins Margaret Neech 

f the Marke of 

I » Eliz: W Waterson 

5 North''"? ss; February the Tenth Adom 1699 The Said day Madam Tabitha Custis 

? the wirji;>v- of the Hono'c'? Coll'. John Custis deceased p^sented his Last Will & Testam' To the 

I Cout~ffoT probate thereof To which probacon was made in open Court by the Corporall Oathes 

I of .Major Jn? Robins Daniel Neech and Margaret his Wife And Approved and .-Mlowed of by 

I the Court As an Authentick probate And Ordered to bee Recorded. 

I Test Dan: Neech CI Cu: Co. Northton ■ 

I As previously stated, Tabitha, tlie widow of Major-General 

I John Custis, married Colonel Edward Hill of Charles City County, 

1 Virginia.^ She died in 1717, as shown by the date and probate of 

2 her will. 

■ Northampton County. Orders and Wills. Volume XIII, pp. 355-339. 

' On June 1, 1714, "Tabitha Hill, once Lawful wife of the within mentioned John Custis Esquire 
do consent to the within deed of gift by my above said Husband of five hundred acres of 
Land." This consent w-as to a deed from John Bradhurst of Accomac County, made May 
31, 1714, to Jonathan Waggaman, for 150 acres of Land in Jolly's Neck, part of 500 acres, 
"given to the said Bradhurst by John Custis Esquire, as by deed of gift under hand of said 
John Custis Esquire, of April 19, 1693. (Accomac County Records, Volume 1692-1715, 
pp. 627-629.) 



In the Xame of God Anion the .\ithd djy of August Anoq Dom 17171 Tabitha Hill of 
ye County of Accumack beini; Sick in body but of perfect sence iSii: and Considerini; >•« Transi- 
toryness of this life & that all ft!c»h must veild to Death when it pleases God to Call'doe make 
this my Last will iS: Testament In maner & form rtoUuwing Revoking & niakeing \'oid by these 
presents all wills by me theretofore made. 

Imp'' I Give & Comitt my soul to almighty God In whome & by >■* Meritts of my Saviour 
Christ I trust to be saved & Injoy Etarnall Life and my body to be buryed In such Decent order 
as shall Seem meet to my Execuf^? hereafter Named & for Settleing my Temperal Estate & 
Goods wch it hath pleased God to bestoe on me 1 doe order and Give in maner tToUowing my 
will is y? my Just debts be all lirst paid. 

Item I Give & bequeath unto my great Grandson Thomas Custis seven hundred acres 
of Land Lying Xeare >•« place Called >•« White Marsh the Sd Land being part of ye Devident of 
Land vyi^h I sold to William Parker John Perry & Severall others prsons in Sd County to him 
ye S4 Custis & his heires for Ever. 

Item I Give and bequeath unto my Great Grandson Thomas Custis my Negro man 
Called Isaack my Negro woman Called Beck & my Negro boy Called Jacob to him y* Sd Custis 
& his heires ffor Ever. 

Item I Give & bequeath unto Anne Custis \-e wife of my Sd Grandson Thomas Custis 
my Wearing Stays Imbroidered w^h Gold and also my Wearing black Suit of Silk Cloaths & 
black Stays Sett w-th bugles with one Cloath of Silver petty Coat L)esiring her ye sd Anne to 
Weare j'e same. 

Item I Give & bequeath unto my Great Grandson Thomas Custis all ye Residue of 
my Estate of what nature or kind soever in Virginia England or Else where Excepting my wearing 
Apparell not already Disposed off w-eh I shall Give by word of Mouth. 

Item I ordaine Constitute & appoint my Great Grand son Thomas Custis whole & 
sole Executor of this my Last Will & Testament In Confirmation of all& Every part of ye above 
Will & Testam? the Sd Tabitha Hill hath hereunto sett her hand & afiixed her scale ye day & year 
above Written 

Signed Sealed & Published T.abith.\ Hill 

In Psence of us 
John r^IoRROGH 
Elizabeth Tilney. Proved January 7, 1717." 


1. COLONEL JOHN CUSTIS of "Wilsonia," born 1653; died January 26, 1713; 
married first, Margaret Michael; second, Sarah Littleton. 

COLONEL JOHN CUSTIS of "Wilsonia," son of Major- 
General John Custis of "Arlington," by his first wife, Elizabeth 
Robinson, was born in the year 1653. He was Colonel of the ]Militia 
of Northampton County, Virginia, in 1680, and Colonel and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of Accomac County in 1699.* He was a member 
of the Virginia Assembly, representing Northampton County, 
November 2, 1685, March 2, 1692-3, and September 24, 1696.^ 
He was also a member of the Governor's Council. 

Colonel Custis married first, [Margaret Michael, daughter of 
Captain John Michael and Elizabeth Thorogood. He married 

' Accomac County Records, Volume of Deeds and Wills, 1713-1729, p. 38. 
' Virginia Colonial Militia, pp. 105, 107. 
3 Colonial Register of Virginia, pp. 85, 89, 91. 


Mrs. Robert E. Lee, nee Mar>' Anne Randolph Custis, 1SOS-1S73. 

Daughter of 

George Washington Parke Custis and Mary Lee Fitzhugh. 

From painting in Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginic 




I y 

> -/ 






second, Sarah Littleton, daughter of Colonel Southey Littleton ' 
and widow of Adam INIichael. Sarah Custis was thirty-eight years 
of age in 1701.^ No issue by the second marriage. 

He died Januar>' 26, 1713. The following inscription is from 
his tomb on Wilsonia Neck, Virginia: 

"Here lyeth ye body of John Custis, Esq., one of the council 
of Virginia, colonel, and commander in Chief of the Militia on the 
Eastern Shore of this coloney. He was the son of the Honorable 
John Custis, of Arlington, and departed this life 26th of Januar^^ 
1713, and in the sixtieth year of his age. His first wife was Mar- 
gerett, ye daughter of Mr. John Michael, by whome he had seven 
sons and two daughters, who Avith three of their sons lies near him. 
His second wife was Sarah, the daughter of Colonel Southy Littleton, 
and widow of Mr. Adam Michaell, who survived him, but hopes to 
be buried by him when she dies, as was his desire. Which accord- 
ingly now she is, and departed this life the iSth day of April, Anno 
Domini, 1720, and in the fifty-lirst year of her age." ^ 

The will of Colonel John Custis, dated December .3, 1708, 
with a codicil made March 20, 1711-12, was proved March 16, 
1713-14. He provided for his wife Sarah and bequeathed to his 
son John the Chiconessox Plantation. ^Lide bequests to his cliil- 
dren, Hancock, Henn,', Elizabeth, the wife of Thomas Custis, and 
Sorrowful Margaret, wife of William Kendall. Mentioned his 
daughters and "there now Husbands." Left legacies to Sarah 
Custis Mathews, Yardley Michael, Elias Taj'lor and Henr}' Toles of 
Accomac County.* 



15 1. Major John Custis, "after being educated in England, received from his grand- 

f father, the Arlington estate. He was the John Custis who removed to Wil- 

„: liamsburg and married the daughter of Colonel Daniel Parke, = and was the 

I . 

^5 'November 17, 1691. Deed, John Custis, Junior, and Sarah his wife, to Richard Waters and 

I i Elizabeth his wife, in consideration of love and affection. For land left by will of Colonel 

|/ Southey Littleton, to his daughter the said Sarah Custis. Recital shows that Colonel 

Littleton left daughters, Hester, Sara, Elizabeth and Garthright. (Accomac Records, 
f,' Volume 1682-1697, p. 223.) 

1 ' Northampton County Records, Volume XIV, pp. 84, 85. 
I • \VUliam and Mary College Quarterly, Volume III, p. 258. 
f * .Northampton County Wills, Volume XX, p. 58. 

I 'Colonel Parke, the elder, was Secretary of the Colonial Council; he died in 1679. The son, 

5 referred to above, married Jane, daughter of Governor Philip Ludwell. This Daniel Parke 

I left Virginia and settled in England. He was appointed an aide upon the staff of Marl- 

I borough, and had the honor of conveying to London the news of the victory of Blenheim. 

I ' Queen Anne rewarded him by the present of her miniature set with diamonds. He was 

\ appointed Governor of the Leeward Islands. While defending himself from a mob there, 

I he lost his life, December 7, 1710. His daughter, Frances, married John Custis; his other 

S daughter, Lucy, married Colonel William Byrd of "Westover." (Lee of Virginia, pp. 458, 

I 459.) 

I [97] 

father of Daniel Parke Custis, who married Martha Dandridge. ll's 
tomb IS at Arhngton House, in Xorthampton, and the iiuscriptioii is one 
of the curiosities of tlie Eastern Sliore. It is plainly to lie seen from it that 
he was not \ery happy in his matrimonial relations." The inscription 
referred to is as follows: 

"Benoatli this Marble Tomb lies %•« body of the Honorable John Custis, 
Esq., of the City of W illiamsburt; and Parish of Bruton, Formerlv of Hungars 
Parish on the Eastern Shore of \irginia and the Countv of Xorthampton 
the place of his nativity. Aged 71 years and vet lived but seven years 
\yhicli was the space of time he kept A Bachelor's House at Arlington On the 
Eastern Shore of Virginia. Tliis information put on this tomb was by his 
own positive order." ' 

John Custis and Frances Parke had two children; the son, Daniel 
Parke Custis, was born October 15, 1711. "In 1749, Daniel Parke Custis 
married the beautiful Martha Dandridge, daughter of lohn Dandridge of 
New Kent County, and died in 175 7, leaving four children: Daniel Parke 
Custis, Francfs Parke Custis, John Parke Custis and Martha Parke Custis. 
The two eldest died while \oung. Martha Dandridge Custis. widow of 
Daniel Parke Custis, was married January 6, 1759, to George Washington, 
General of tlie American Arinv and First President of the United States 
of America." "John Parke Custis, born 1753, ^on of John Custis and Frances-^".! 
Parkejmarried, February^, 1774, Eleanor, daughter of Benedict Calvert, son 
of Charles Calvert, Fifth Lord Baltimore. Their son, George Washington 
Parke Custis, married Mary Lee, and had Mary Anne Randolph Custis, 
who married General Robert E. Lee.' 

2. Hancock Custis, of Accomac County, Virginia,^ married and had issue: 

I. John Custis. 
n. Southcy Custis. 

III. Levin Custis, of Somerset County, Md.: his will, dated March 7, 1733-4, 

proved June 3, 1735, bequeathed his estate to his sister Leah 
Gale and her three children, Betty, Sarah and Leah Gale. 
Appointed his brother-in-law. Levin Gale, and his sister, 
executors. Witnessed by Katherine Ryland, Patrick Stewart 
and John Williams.'' 

IV. Theophilus Custis. 

V. Leah Custis, married Levin Gale. 

3. Henry Custis, of Accomac Countv, married second, Anne Kendall Custis, daughter 

of Captain William Kendall and .Anne Mason, and widow of his brotlicr-in- 
law, Thomas Custis.s Children: Margaret Custis. married Henry Scar- 
burgh, Jr.; Henry, Robinson, Thomas, .Anne, Tabitha, Frances and Leah 

' William and Mary College Quarterly, Volume III, p. 258. 

' Lee of Virginia, pp. 459, 460. 

J His will dated Aug. 30, 1725, with codicils dated Aug. 30, 1725, Sept. 10, 1725, April 3, 1727, 
and Aug. 17, 1727, was proved May 7, 1728. Mentioned his son John; Littleton Kendall, 
son of his sister. Sorrowful Margaret; James, son of Andrew and Anne Hamilton; son, 
Southey Custis; cousins, Susanna and Hannah Preeson; Elizabeth Upshur, daughter of 
Arthur Upshur and Sarah his wife; son. Levin Custis; brother, llenrv Custis and wife 
Anne and his son Robinson; son, Theophilus Cistis; Adam Michael, deceased, the testa- 
tor's uncle; son and daughter-in-law, Levin and Leah Gale; mentioned name of his wife 
Mary; Madam Broadhurst; sons, John, Southev, Levin and Theophilus, executors. 
(Accomac Wills and Deeds, 1729-1737, p. 5.) 

< Accomac Wills and Deeds, 1729-1737, p. 201. 

s The will of Henry Custis of Accomac Countv, dated October 11, 1729, with a codicil dated De- 
cember 10, 1732, was proved March 6, 1732-33. He mentioned his wife Anne, and children, 
Henry, Robinson, Thomas, Anne, Tabitha, Frances and Leah Custis. His eldest son was 
not <jf age. To sons Henry and Robinson he bequeathed 1,333 acres where the testator 
lived, also lands and marshes on Tengoteague Island. To his son, Thomas, he devised 6'30 
acres at Mosonyor, in Accomac, and 600 acres near Deep Creek. r>auchters to receive their 
portions when aged IS years. Provision made for another child if bom. Wife to cause 
children to be taught to read and write. Legacy to daughter, Margaret, the wife of Henry 
Scarburgh, Junior. Witnessed by John Scarburgh, Richard Cooper and Sarah Custis. 
(Accomac County Wills, Volume 1727-1737, p. 127.) 


^ ., f^^., ,v%r^.^^ 

Mrs. Lawrence Lewis, nee Eleanor Parke Custis. "Nelly Custis. 

From painting in 

Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia. 

i I 



"' y 







'^■■\ ^: 

^^,> r" 



4. ELIZABF.TII CUSTIS, married Thomas Custis," son of Edmund Custis and Tabitha 

Whittimjton of Acromac Cpunty. Edmund Custis was son of Thomas 
Custis of Baltimore, Ireland, the son of John Custis and Jane Powell. Thomas 
Custis married, second, June 24, 1717', Anne Kendall, who, alter his death, 
married Colonel lienry Custis of Accomac County, his second wife. 

5. SoRROWFLL M.\RG.\RET CusTis, married William Kendall of Northampton County, 


Tenth Gener,\tion 

X. John Custis married Joan Powell. 

IX. Major-General John Custis married Elizabeth Robinson, 

VIII. Colonel John Custis married Margaret Michael. 

VII. Elizabeth Custis married Thomas Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and Anne Upshur. 

V. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 

IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 

III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 

II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Ha 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 

Tomb, "Arlington," Virginia 

Deed, November 1, 1715. Thomas Custis and Elizabeth Custis, his wife, of Accomac County, 
and William Kendall and Sorrowful .Margaret Kendall of Northampton County, for land 
on Gengoteague Island in Accomac County, in their joint possession, by will of Hon. Colonel 
John Custis, gentleman, late of Northampton County. (Accomac County Records, Volume 
1715-1729, p. 4.) ^ , , ,.,,■: 



THOMAS CUSTIS of Baltimore, Ireland, son of John Custis 
and Joan Powell of Rotterdam, and brother of JNIajor-General John 
Custis of Northampton County, Virginia, was born circa 1628. 
He seems to have remained in Ireland; at least there is no record 
of his removal to Virginia. 

The above relationship is shown in the deed of gift from John 
Custis to his nephew Edmund, son of Thomas. The name of the 
wife of Thomas Custis is not known, nor the date of his death, which 
was evidently prior to October 3, 1690. He may have had other 
children than the one mentioned below. 


1. EDMUND CUSTIS of Accomac County, Virginia, married Tabitha Scarburgh Whit- 

EDMUND CUSTIS of Deep Creek, Accomac County, Vir- 
ginia, son of Thomas Custis of Baltimore, Ireland, was born about 
the year 1650. While in his minority he was taken to Virginia by 
his uncle, Major-General John Custis. 

-He married Tabitha Scarburgh Whittington, daughter of 
Colonel William Whittington and Tabitha Scarburgh Smart. Tabi- 
tha Scarburgh Smart was the daughter of John Smart and Tabitha 
Scarburgh. Tabitha Scarburgh, wife of John Smart, married, after 
the latter's death, Devereux Browne; she married third, Major- 
General John Custis. Thus Edmund Custis married the grand- 
daughter of the wife of Major-General John Custis, as recited below. 


To all Xtian People to whome this pFsent writinge or Deed of gift shall come I John 
Custis Senr of the County of Northampton in Virginia Esqr send greeting— in our Lord God 
Everlasting— Know ye= that I the said John Custis Sen-- for and in Consideracon of the love 

[ 100 1 

■^J 1 ^u.. 

" Grey Towers." 
Cheltenham Township, iMontgomery County, PennsyK'ania. 

.-..^ifA '^:,-: »..?-■- 


t j!i^r 'mm,\3^^< !^^^^WW7y°^^ ' 


I I: 








and Affection I have and bcare to my Well beloved Nephew Edmund Custis of the County of 
Accomack in Virgin? aforesaid Son to my Deare Brother Tliomas Custis formerly Resident att 
lialtamore in the Kincjdonie of Ireland from whome 1 brou.:;ht my Said Kinsman in his minority 
w'h promise to give Education Accordinije to his Capacity: And for that liee hath Intermarryed 
with the Grandaughter of my pi'sent wife: As also for divers other good causes & Consideracons 
nie thereunto movinge: Ha\e given, granted Delivered and contirmed And by these p^sents: 
Doe fully freely & absolutely give grant deliver & confirme Unto my Said Nephew Edmund 
Custis: One Negro woman Named Mary and A maleSuckinge chikie about Six moneths old 
Named Ned with the Said childe: & all the future Encrease of the Necro woman Slave afore- 
said; to the heires of the body of him & his now wife for ever after their decease: But for defect 
of Such to the next issue of my Said Kinsman or of Tabitha his now wife: Further 1 give unto 
my Said Nephew one Negro Man Named Ned Tucker for foure yeares from the day of the date 
hereof: And one Irish woman Named Ellenor Carlee I bought of John Bayley for the full time 
Shee hath to ser\'e with all their profitts & Laboure what soever: Moreover I give unto my 
Said Kinsman Twelve cowes, and their calves belongin5:e to them which were calved last Springe 
before the date hereof, Ten hefers five of A yeare old the last Springe, and five of Two year old 
the last Springe, Two Oxen for his p^sent Killing, Two steerei live yeare old last Springe, 
Two steeres foure yeare old last Springe, Two Steeres, three yeare old last Springe: and Two 
Stceres Two yeare old the last Springe: Together with all the Sheepe male & female on the 
plantacon whereon my Said Kinsman liveth belonginge to me: As also Six breeding Sowes, 
and all the Piggs hee hath raised since his removall to Deepe Creeke: I give him also his Rydinge 
horse called Slittnose, one mare called Lightfoote, with a horse colt A yeare old last Springe 
belonginge to the Said Mare with all the future Encrease of the Said Cattle, mare, sheepe & 
other Creatures male and female for ever: And likewise I Doe further fully freely and abso- 
lutely, give graunt deliver and confirme Unto my Said Nephew Edmund Custis: AH Beddinge 
and furniture thereunto belonginge, linnen, Woollen, Pewter, Brasse, Copper, Iron Weare, 
Utensills of household Stuffe, Tooles, Necessaryes, and other goods & other things whatsoever 
as the Same arc now in the possession of and have beene delivered to my Said Kinsman Edmund 
Custis: Att the Plantacon hee now liveth on att Deepe Creeke in the County of Accomack 
aforesaid: To have and to hold: the Said Negro woman & childe with all her future increase 
in manner & forme as abovesaid. The other Servants, Cattle, Sheepe, Horses, mares, & other 
Creatures (with all their future increase male & female whatsoever); And all other goods house 
hold Stuffe. Tooles Necessaryes, Utensills, and things of what sort or Kinde Soever in manner 
as aforesaid to him my said Nephew & Kinsman Edmund Custis his heires Executo^? Adm""? 
and Assignes for ever soe that neither I the said John Custis Senr my heires Exec? or Adm^? 
nor any other person or persons what soever claimeinge or to claime by from or Under us or 
any of us shall att any time or times hereafter Aske challenge claime or demand any Right title 
claime or demand or Interest in or to the before given, granted delivered confirmed and menconed 
p^mises or any part or parcell thereof: But from the same Wee and every of us to bee Utterly 
debarred & for ever Excluded: In Witnes whereof and for the more sure makeinge & con- 
firmacon of all and Singular the afore & above menconed p^mises: I the said John Custis Senr 
have also hereby given & delivered for the use of my Said Kinsman & Nephew Edmund Custis 
Six Silver Spoones marked \\<-^ T B: as part & in the Name of the whole p^mises above given 
and Specifyed in prsence of the witnesses hereunder Named And have hereunto Sett my hand 
& Affixed my Scale and Doe alsoe ordr the Clerke of the Court of North'on County abovesaid 
to record this my prsent Deed of gift as a reall Testimoniall of my true intent and meaninge 
herein Contained & for its greater Validity & punctuall pformance as abovesaid this third day 
of October Adorn 1690: Annoqr Rs & Ra 2d 

Jn9 Custis 
Signed Sealed (Together w"j 

the Said Sbc Silver Spoones ' : ' 

above menconed Delivered) as 

myrealeActif: Deedinpi-sence ' ■ 

of us: , * 

Hknry Pike Elizabeth Jole \, i if 

Jane Pike Dan:Neech' 

Edmund Custis died in 1700-01. His will, in which he is 
described as "of Accomac County, gentleman," dated August 12, 
1700, with a codicil made August 20, 1700, was proved February' 23, 
I70O-7OI. He made a bequest to his son Thomas, and devised to his 

Northampton County Records, Deeds and Wills, Volume II, p. 273. 



daughter Tabitha Scarburgh Custis, eight hundred and fifty acres 
of land, "given nie by m>- lionoured Uncle Coll. John Custis Esquire 
of Arlington, Northampton County Virginia deceased, near Deep 
Creek, bounding on the 1750 acres by him in his will given his Wife 
Tabitha Custis and 1000 acres patented and belonging to Tabitha 
Smart deceased." The testator mentioned Mrs. Naomi Makemie, 
wife of Francis Makemie and Mr. Robert Pitt. Bequeathed to his 
son Thomas and daughter Tabitha Scarburgh, the residue of his 
estate, the division to be made when his daughter was aged seven- 
teen years and Thomas aged twenty-one years. Madam Tabitha 
Hill was to possess a room in the house on Deep Creek. ^ 


1. THOMAS CUSTIS, married first, Elizabeth Custis, daughter of Colonel Jolin Custis 

and Margaret Michael; he married, second, Anne Kendall, daughter of 
Captain William^ Kendall and Anne Mason, who married, after hi; death, 
Colonel Henry Custis, son of Colonel John Custis and .\Iargaret Michael, 
his second wife. 

2. Tabitha Scarburgh Custis. 

THOMAS CUSTIS of Deep Creek, Accomac County, Virginia, 
son of Edmund Custis and Tabitha Scarburgh Whittington of Deep 
Creek, was born about the year 1685. He was Sheriff of Accomac 
County, December 6, 1715.^ 

He married first, his second cousin, Elizabeth Custis, daughter 
of Colonel^ John Custis and ^Margaret Michael. Married second, 
June 24, 1717, Anne Kendall, daughter of Captain William Kendall 
and Anne Mason. After the death of Thomas Custis, his widow, 
Anne, became the second wife of his brother-in-law, Colonel Henr>' 
Custis ^ of Accomac County, son of Colonel John Custis and Mar- 
garet Michael. Thomas Custis died in Accomac County in the 
year 1721, as shown by the date of his will and probate. 

In the Name of God Amen, I Thomas Custis of Accomack Countv in Virg? being bv >■« 
Mercy of God in good health & of Sound & perfect memory &c. & Taking into Consideracon 
ye uncertainty of this Transitory Life & y? all flesh must yeild to God doe make & ordaine this 

'Accomac County Records, Volume of Wills, 1692-1715. 

'Accomac County Records, Volume of Orders, 1714-1717, p. 14. 

* Deed, October 7, 1729. Henry Custis of Accomac County, Virginia, in consideration of love 

and affection, to my present wifes daughter Elizabeth Custis, daughter to .Mr. Thomas 

^ Custis, late of the County deceased. For sundry negro slaves. "In case of the death of the 

said Elizabeth Custis, then said negroes to mv three daughters named thus, Ann, Tabitha 

and Frances Custis." (Accomac Records, Volume 1729-1737, p. 24.) 


Grey Towers. 

.•Sisaiji «.^^i*(. t..i-; 'jf-is^li..,!... 

r?r:»-^'' i^ ■^P«9BS?!^?!?'f!Sflflf?^W^ 


t I 








niv Last will & Testam' in manner iS: form folluwint;; hereby Rcvokint; & making Ndid all other 
5. Wills by nu- heretofore made: tVirst 1 Comitt my St)ul unto Ahni-hty God in whoiue Ov: by y"-' 

I Merritts of my Saviour Jesus Christ I hope to be Saved & yt at y Great tribunall my Sou'le 

I w'h my bod\- will Rise w'li Joy posses & in hiritt y<^ kingclom of heaven prepared for Gods Elact; 

5 my bodv I desire tin be luiriel at y: Discrcation of my Executors here after named & for Settleing 

§ niy Temporal Estate w:!' It hath pleased God in his mercy to bestow on me I doc give & be- 

i qifcath in maner & form following. 

I Imprimis first Item I order & desire all my Just debts to be pd by my Exec""'? wtli 

t all Convenient Speed I Give & bequeath unto my deare wife Anne Custis one negro man Called 

S Isaac & one negro Woman Called \'enus S: her increase to her %•« Sd Anne & y hcircs of her body 

* (begotten bv my Selfe) for Ever to be Disposed of Amongst her SJ Hcires as She Shall think htt 

I at her Death. 

I . Item I give & bequeath unto my Wife Anne Custis all ye Lands yt I had wtl> her Lying 

I near oak hall to her & her heirs for Ever. Item I give to my Dear Wife one Gold Ring w"-!? 

5 one Diamond In it & one Ring wch I give her at our Marriage as also all her wearing apparele 

I wth one Scale Skin Trunk w^h she keeps her Cloaths in markt A — C & her bridle & Saddle w'h 

I a young horse Called Squirell. Item I Give & bequeath unto my Son John Custis my Plan- 

I tation whereon I now Dwell Containing one thousand Seven hundred & fifty Acres of Land 

I being on Deep Creek in S4 County to him & ye heirs of his body Lawfully begotten for Ever. 

J Item I Give to my Son Edmond Custis one thousand Acres of Land adjoyning to y= Land 

* whereon I dwell w"<^h Sd Land Joseph Walker now Lives on now y^ same to him & his heires for 

I Ever. Item I give all my title & Interest to ye Lands on Gengoteaguc Island & Morry's Island 

t w^h was Given by >■* Last Will of ye Honb'e. John Custis of Hungers deceased to me & my wife 

I Eliz'h Custis, to my son Edmund' Custis & his heirs Lawfully begotten for Ever. Item, 1 give 

3 & bequeath to my Son Thomas Whittington Custis three hundred .Acres of Land Lying on old 

I ., nlantation Creek in Xorthampton County to him & his Heirs Lawfully begotten for Ever. Item 

i Sly will is y? if Edmund my son dyes before he arive at full age or without Lawfull Issue then 

- I give >-e Land to him gi\en to my Son Thomas as aforesd & if Thomas dyes before full age or 

I Lawfull Issue then my Son Edmund to have ye Land to him given If he Sur\-ives as aford meaning 

I their heirs for Ever. Item I Give to my Son John one Mullatto Man Called George Banana 

J & his Wife Saunter wth lier futer increase & one woman Called Creacy w'h her futer increase 

I' male & female & one boy Called Robin to him & his heirs Lawfully begotten for Ever. Item 

I I Give unto my son Edmund one negro man Call Xed one man Called Jack & one woman Called 

I Rose w'l.i her futer increase to him & his heirs Lawfully begotten for Ever. Item I Give to 

J my Son Thomas Whittington one negro man called Yaninan one man Called Prime & one Girle 

i Called Hannah with all her increase to him & his heirs Lawfully begotten for E\-er. Item I 

i give to my daughter Tabitha one Mallatto man Called Daniel one man Called Charles & one 

I Girle Called Pink to her & ye heires of her body Lawfully begotten for Ever. Item I give to 

% my daughter Sarah one boy Called Pompey one woman Called Kate & one Girle Called Kate 

i to her & her heires Lawfully begotten for Ever & all afore given I Give for Ever. Item I Give 

I all ye futer increase of ye female negros afore given to them y? I have given ye negros to as ye 

I sd negros are given &? Item I give my Daughter Elizabeth one man Called Cutty & Sarah his 

-- I wife negros wth her Increase to her & her heirs Lawfully begotten for Ever. Item if my wife 

I Sliall happen to be w'h Child at my Death or have one born not here mentioned I give Sd Child 

( one Negro man Called Tucker one boy Called Jacob & one boy Called Charles to ye Sd Child 

i & its heirs Law fully begotten for Ever. If noe Such Child be born then I Give 54 Negros amonghst 

I my Children afore named to be divided at discreation of my three friends Equally (only)^Sarah 

I my daughter to have ten pounds Vallue in them more than any other Child. Item I Give & 

I bequeath unto my Son John my Large press one writting desk one Russia Leather Couch & one 

I Doz: Chaires of Sd Leather & one Large Looking Glass all w<:h usually is in ye Hall also my best 

I Saddle & bridle. Item I give to my wife during my Son Johns Minority all Tooles of w^ Kind 

I S'X;ver & when he Arrives at age then he is & Shall have w'h his Slaves ye Smiths Tooles & Coopers 

the Residue to Remaine w'h my wife during her widdowhood, & after to be divided amongst my 
Children. Item my Will is yt'if any of my Children dye before they Arrive at age or have Law- 
full Issue that then yt Child or Children's part or parts bequally divided amongst my Children 
N^e Survivors. Item I Give all my ready Cash weh Shall be in my house to my wife Anne Custis 
*' after my mony debts paid. 

Item I give to mv Good ffriends Capt John Broadhurst M^ Charles Snead & Mr Henry 
Custis Each of them a Gold Ring of fifteen shillings price; & I give to my Loving Sister Tabitha 
Scarburgh Custis one Mourning Scarfe or ye worth to purchas >-e Same in Cash. 

Item I ordain Constitute & .Appoint mv Dear Wife Anne Custis & my ffriends Capt 
John Broadhurst Mr Charles Snead & Mr Henry Custis E.xecut" of this my Last Will & Testa- 
nient; Item My will & desire is yt my Sons have & receive their Estate at ye Age of Eighteen 
Vears, and my daughters at ye time of Marriag; or when they arrive to the age of Eighteen 
Yearj--' Item I give & bequeath to my Dear Wife . . .' have or may here after have to 

' The record worn here and in several other places. 


. . . for the better Support of her. Item I Give & bequeath my Estate not all ready given 
of what nature soever & in w' place soever to be . . . unto my Dear wife, & all my Loving 
Children afore mentioned to be Equally divided between them by my three friends afore^'.l or 
any one of them. S'' division to be made soone after my death; my desire is yt my Children 
have >■« precise ^state & Goods by me Left & y' there be noe Appraisment of my Estate after 
my decease. but''if any p'? or p'cell of yc S4 Estate Given to my Children be perishable then 1 
desire my sd E.xrs to dispose of y<: Sd pts to y^ best Advantage for Security Sake y^ my Sd Children 
may have y Same when they arrive at age Aforesd 

Item My desire is yt my wife Keep my children suitable to their Estates & maintaine out 
of y^ Improvement? of y« Same & Give them Education &? & if she marrycs She & her husband 
Enter into bond for ye true performance & delivery of my Cliildrens Estate to them & y<= keeping 
my house in repaire dureing . . . Sons &? & if they refuse soe to doe that then I desire my 
Executors do Compell them to doe it or wrest Sd Estate out of their hands & take Care thereof 
& of my Children as aforesd Item I Give & bequeath unto \-« first Child wi:h shall be born 
after this date of my wife Anne Custis Seven hundred acres of Land in \< Sd County Joynini; on 
y« Land of \Vm Parker near to Burtons Branch wch Sd Land desended to me from my Honrljl? 
Grand Mother Mr? Tabitha Hill y>= same to ye sd Child & itsheirs for Ever meaning . . . 
child by her. 

Item If my wife shall not bear any child hereafter then I Give one negro aforementioned 
Called Jacob to my daughter Sarah Custis & >-« other two negroes mentioned in yt parragrafe 
of my Sd Will to be Vallued by my Executors&y^sd Vallue tobepaid . . . yt Child y? should 
have one or boath Sd Negroes & y« Sum of money be Equally divided amongst all my Children 
afore Sd Sarah Excepted all wayes Meaning y\ ye Eldest Child shall have ye Refussiall of said 

Item If any one or more of my Sd Children shall be dissatisfied of their part herein 
Given & shall cause any disturbance or bring Any Law Suit or Suits for Any part of my Estate 
here Given then my will desire & Intent is y^ that Child have noe parte or parcell of ye Estate 
by me Given. Item I doe ordaine depu . . . Confirm ye above Written Containing two 
sheets of paper to be my Last will & Tcstam' Revoking all other wills & Testem'? by me formerly 
made &c. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & affixed my Scale this third day 
of October Ann? Dom 1719. 

Thomas Custis. 

Since ye Signing of y^ above will; Pink a Girle given to my Daughter Tabitha is dead; 
in Leiu of weh I Give to my Daughter Tabitha one boy Called Ned ye Second Son of Ned & 
Creacy & doe Charge all after me to fulfill this written w'h my own hand ye 12th of Aprill 1720. 

TiioM.^s Custis. 
Signed Sealed Published & Declared 
this to be ye Last Will & Testam? 
of ye Testator in \-e Presence of us 

Jo" Lewis 

Mary Collier 

John Chambers 

John Snead. Proved April 4, 1721.' 


1. MAJOR JOHN CUSTIS of Accomac County, married first, Susanna ; second, 

Anne Upshur, daughter of Arthur Upshur and Sarah Brown. 

2. Edmund Custis. 

3. Thomas Whittington Custis. 

4. Tabitha Custis. 

5. Sarah Custis. 


6. Elizabeth Custis. 

Accomac Wills. Volume 171S-1729, p. 136. 


"Grey Towers. 

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i J 


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MAJOR JOHN CUSTIS of Deep Creek, Accomac County, 
Virginia, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Custis, married fust, Susanna 

, and second, Anne Upshur, daugliter of Arthur Upshur 

and Sarah Brown of Accomac County.^ Major Custis died at an 
early age, in the year 1732. His widow, Anne, married second, Custis 
Kendall of Northampton County." 


IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN I John Custis of Accomack County in Virginia being 
Sick and weak of body but of Sound & Perfect Memory Thanks be to Almighty God for the 
Same Do make & Ordain this mv Last Will & Testament in Manner & tTorm froUowiug IM- 
PRIMIS I Give & Bequeath mv Soul to God who gave it trustmg through the Merits ot my 
Dear Redeemer Jesus Christ to Obtain Eternal Salvation & my body to Earth to be Decentlv 
buried at the Discretion of mv Exccu^? hereafter Named & as for my Worldly Estate Both Real! 
& Personall After mv Just Debts Are Paid 1 Dispose thereof as followeth ITEM 1 Give cSc 
Bequeath to mv Loving Wife Ann Custis A Mullato Boy called George & a Negroe Girl called 
Sarah with AU'their tTuture Increase to her & Heirs for Ever cS: my Riding Horse Spark & her 
i: Cjde Saddle. ITEM I Give & Bequeath to mv son Thomas Custis my Plantation where 1 

I now Dwell Lying on Deep Creek Containing flifteen hundred Acres to him & the Heirs of his 

t body Lawfully begotten for Ever. _ „ , r^ r^ nt 

I ^ ITEM I Give to mv Son Thomas Custis one Negroe Man called Daman One Negroe 

I Woman called Sarah One MuUatto Woman Sumter & one Negroe boy called Daniel with All 

I their fluture Increase to him & his Heirs for Ever I also give to mv 54 Son I homas Custis A 

i Cedar & Walnut Press One new Writing Desk One Large Looking Glass One Large Coutld (O 

S & one Dozn of Leather Chairs his Grandfathers Picture & the rest of the Pictures hangmg in 

I the Hall A New Chest of Drawers two Quart Silver Tankards One Gold Ring with a Seal on 

I it & one Plain Gold Ring & one Large Gold Shirt Buckle which he W ears. . t j 

»- ITEM I Give & Bequeath to mv Son Hancock Custis Seven hundred Acres ot Land 

I Lying near Burtons Branch near the White Marsh wch Said Land was given to my ffather by 

I my Grand mother Tabitha Hill Deceased, to him my Said Son Hancock & the Heirs of his Body 

!' 1 awfully begotten for Ever. 1 Also Give to mv Son Hancock Custis my Plantation where Walter 

I' Scot Liveth'Containing two hundred & ffiftv Acres to be bounded thus Beginning at a 1 arting 

I Gut at the End of the Ditch So Running Along the Sd Ditch So far as will Conclude two hundred 

f- & ffifty Acres between the Land of mv Sd Son Thomas Custis & the Land of John Drumond 

i William Parker Meaning that the Sd two hundred & flifty Acres be All Adjoyning to the Plan- 

I tation where Walter Scot now Liveth to him the Sd Hancock Custis & the Heirs of his Body 

I Lawfully begotten for Ever. „ , „ ^n v 

-7 ITEM I Give to Son Hancock Custis One Negroe Man called Pompey One Negroe 

Woman called Lucretia with All their ffuture Increase to him & his Heirs for E\;er. Also I Give 
to my Son Hancock Custis One Writing Desk One Middle Siz'd Looking Glass One Small Chest 
of Drawers One Silver Ouart Tankard One Silver Sugar Box two Plain Gold Ring? the Gold 
Shirt Buckle which I W(l"ar in mv collar & Six of the highest black framed Chairs & One Pair of 
hand mill stones. ITEM I Give & Bequeath to mv Daughter Betty One Negroe Woman 
called Pegg One Negroe Girl called Lilly One Negroe Girl called Rachel & One Negro Boy called 
Billy with All their ffuture Increase to her & her Heirs for Ever. ITEM I Give to my Daughter 
Betty All her Mothers wearing Cloathes & three Stone Gold Rings. „ , , „. . , , 

ITEM I Give & Bequeath to mv Daughter Susannah Custis my Gold Ring \vith the 
Nob on it. ITEM mv Will is that the Negroes that is given to my Wife After her Decease 
Descend to mv Son Hancock & mv Daughter Susannah to them & their Heirs Lawfully begotten 
for Ever. ITEM I Give to mv Son Thomas Custis All Smiths Coopers & Carpenters Tools 
which Are on my Plantation. ITEM my Will & Desire is that my Wearing Apparell be Equally 

■i • In a MS. family record, compiled by the late Mrs. Catherine W. P. Poubon, the name of the 

I wife of Major John Custis is given as Susanna. In the will of Major Custis, his wife s name 

I appears as Anne; but as he bequeathed to his daughter Betty, "All her Mother s wearing 

i Cloathes," it is evident that the said Betty was by a former wife. „ r> 

I 'Lease, November 19, 1734. Custis Kendall of Northampton County, Virginia, to t eter Bow- 

I doin of said county, for 1750 acres of land on Deep Creek in .Accomac County, ormerly 

I >':onging unto Major John Custis deceased. Which right the said Custis Kendall has by 

I intermarr>'ing with the widow of the said Major John Custis. (Accomac County Records, 

I Volume of Wills, 1729-1737, p. 201.) 

I [ 105 ] 

■.o.. io ';-,',,;■.:■( 

Divided between my two Sons & Hancock Custis & that All my Plate Except what is 
before Riven be Kcjually Divided among my iTour Children Thomas, Betty Hancock and 

ITEM I Give & Bequeath All the Remainincr Part of my Estate of what kind Soever 
to be Equally Divided Between my Eoving Wife Ann Custis & my tlour Children Thomas Betty 
& Hancock & Susannah & it is my Desire the Division may be made Soon After my Death & 
that there be no Appraismt of my Estate. ITEM it is my Desire that my Wife keep my Children 
She Giving them Education &'. Maintaining them Suitable to their Estate but if She Marrys 
then She & her flusband to Enter into bond with Security for the Childrens Estate Aforcsd 
ITEM it is my Will that my Children be At Age at Eighteen Years & that my Wife keep the 
Houses on mv Plantation in Repair till my Son Thomas Custis comes to age Aforesd but if She 
Refuse So to Do to .Maintain & Educate my Children AfJ then it is my Will & Desire that my 
Execurs Do Compcll her to it Otherwise to take the Children & their Estates out of her Custody. 
ITE.M my Will is that if Any of my Children be Dissatisfyed with their Fart of my Estate herein 
given or Cause Any Disturbance or bring Any Law Suites then my Desire is that that Child liave 
No Part or Parcel of my Estate Aforesaid. ITEM I Constitute Nominate & Appoint John 
Smith & John Jackson & George Douglass & Abel Upsher Execur? of this my Last Will & Testam? 
Revoking All Wills ffornierly by me made Acknowledging this & no Other to be my Last Will 
& Testament IX WITXESS Whereof I have hereunto Set my Hand & Seal this 7"> Day of 
Janry 1732. 

Signed Sealed Published & Declared to be the Last Will it Testam' of the within John 
Custis in the Presence of Us, John Wiese.^m Cl.\rk Chyr J.\mes Davies. 

Proved Eebruary 7, 1732.' 


1. MAJOR THOM.AS CUSTIS, born September 22, 1726; died January 6, 1764; married, 

June 21, 174S, Cassandra Wise. 

2. H.^NCocK Custis. 

3. Sus.\nn.\h CfSTis. 

4. Eliz.\bkth (Betty) Ccstis. 

MAJOR THOMAS CUSTIS of St. George's Parish, Accomac 
County, Virginia, son of Major John Custis of the same county, 
was born September 22, 1726. He married, June 21, 1748, Cas- 
sandra Wise, daughter of Major John Wise and Scarburgh Robinson, 
his wife. Cassandra was born April 7, 1728. 

Thomas Custis served during the French and Indian War, 
having been appointed Major of MiHtia of Accomac County in 
September, 1758.^ He died Januar\^ 6, 1764. 


IN THE NAME of God Amen. I Thomas Custis of St. George's Parish in the County 
of Accomack Being weak of Body but of Sound and Perfect Sense and memory do make and 
ordain this my Last Will and Testament in Manner and form following that is to Say first and 
Principally I recommend my Soul to Almighty God who Gave it me and my Body to the Earth 
to (be) buried in a Christian Like manner at the Discretion of my Executors hereafter Named. 

Accomac County Deeds and Wills, 1729-1737, p. 126. 
' Virginia Colonial Militia, p. 67. 

[ 106 ] 

Grev Towers.' 





•f..v:<V' •?-.-■■ '-v-" 


IMPRIMIS I sue and bequeath to mv Loving Wile all mv Estate of What Kind or Quality 
Soever MuriTig her WidowlKXid or untill mv Son Robinson Shall Arive to Lawful as;e Which ever 
Shall first happen, to maintain Educate and bring up mv Children upon And if my Saiii Wife 
Should Marry before my Son Robinson Arrives to Lawfull a-e then it is mv WiUand Pcsire 
tiiat my Estate be Equally Divided amona; Sucli of mv Children as shall be tlien alivi- and my 
Said Wife Provided She be not married At that Time Except my Sons Thomas Custis and Robinson 
Custis and it is mv Will and Ue<ire that Each of tliem have tirst one hundred Pounds wortii of 
my Said Negroes Set apart for Each of them before any Such Distribution Shall be made but 
if my son Robmson should not Live untill he Comes to LawfuU age or mvsaid Wife Shoidd not 
Marry then it is my Desire that mv said Estate should remain With mv Wife aforesaid untill 
my Son Tho' Comes to Lawful! age And in Case of his Death Till mv Son John Comes to Laufull 
Age Which Said Estate I give to be Equally Divided Among m\- "Children as aforesaid except 
the Breed of Horses and Mares Called Johnevs Which was Given' him by his Grandfather Majr 
John Wise Wcl? Said Horses and Mares with all their increase I give to mv Son John Custis and 
his Heirs for Ever, it is also my Will and Ilesire that half a Dozen Table'spoons markt: I W S 
be first Set aside before any Such Division be made for mv Daughter Anne Custis Which Said 
spoons I give to mv Said l')aughter Anne & her Heirs for Ever. 

Item it is my Will and Desire that all my Children be kept bv mv Said Wife Untill 
The day of her Marriage or untill tliev Shall arrive to LawfiiU age and in Case mv Said Wife 
Should marry before my Children Should Arrive to LawfuU age then mv Will and Desire is that 
my Friend John W ise Junr have the Care and Tuition of all mv Said Children Untill thev Arrive 
to LawfuU age But in Case of my Friend's Death then I give .AH mv Said Children to the Care 
and Tuition of Majr John Wise Senr And my Friend TuIIyR. Wise, Untill they .Arrive to LawfuU 
age Item it is my Will and Desire that my Exr. or Executrix hereafter Named Bind out and 
Put my sons John Custis. Thomas Custis and Robinson Custis Apprentices to any Such arts 
Sciences Trades or Mysteries as thev Shall think Proper. Lastlv I nominate and .\ppoint my 
Loving W ife and my friend John Wise Junr Executor and Extri.x of this mv Last WiUand Testa- 
ment Revoking all other Wills by me heretofore made IN WITNESS Whereof I have hereunto 
Set my hand and Affixed my Seal this Lxth day of May 1763. 

TnoM.\s Custis. 
Signed Sealed Published and Declared 
this to be my Last Will and Teuament 
in Presence of Joseph Co.x, Edmo.xd 
Chambers. i .,::■, ^ n ^■ 

This will was proved Februan-- 28, 1764. An inventory of 
the personal estate was made bv [ohn Sncad, Anthonv West "and 
John Wise, Constable, April 12, 1764.^ 

Cassandra, the widow of Major Thomas Custis, died April 26, 


In the name of God .Amen I Cassia Custis of .Accomac County do make and ordain the 
following to be my last Will and testament. Imprimis I give and bequeath to my daughter 
Ann Waples the following Sla\es during the term of her life to w-it Kcziah, Derry, Sail, Daniel, 
Agness, Charles, Arthur, Milly and her two children, Bridgit and an unnamed one, at her death 
I give the said Agness, Charles and Arthur and their increase to m v granddaughter Cassia Waples 
and her heirs tnd assigns forever and the use of the aforesaid slaves, and their increase I give to 
be equaUy divided among my s4 granddaughter Cassia and the other children of mv said daughter 
Ann Waples, which she now has or hereafter may have and in case any of her children should 
die in this life time leaving issue then the issue of such one so dying to'have the share of its or 
their father or mother. I also give to my daughter Ann Waples mv riding chair and harness 
and all my wearing cloths and apparel whatsoever. Item I give and beaueath to my grand chil- 
dren Thomas, Peter, Fanny and Edmond Custis children of my deceased son Robinson Custis 
my slaves Comfort and her son Stipney to be equally divided among them. 

. Item I give and bequeath to my son John Custis and mv grandson William Robinson 
*-ustis my negroe man Dyn to be sold between the two and the purchaser to pav half the price of 
Uie other. I also release to my son John Custis whatever sum he may be in' arrear to me for 
rent at the time of my death. Item I give to mv granddaughter Cassia West my bed and boulster. 

Accomac County Wills, Volume 1761-1767, p. 321. 


Item I give to my pranddaughter Cassia Waples six Silver tea Spoons. Lastly I appoint 
my son John Custis my executor In testimony whereof I have hereunto put mv hand and 
aflixed my Seal this 22 nd Jay of July ISOl. 

Cassy Custis. 
Signed, Sealed, published 
Pronounced & declared to 
be her last will and tes- 
tament in presence 

JNP Wise 

SOLO.MON Wise. Proved July 25, 1S03.' 


1. Jons' Custis. 

2. Thosi.\s Custis, mentioned in his father's will, but not in the will of his mother. 

Evidently the Thomas Custis who served with Samuel Waples during the 
Revolutionary War as a Lieutenant, in Colonel George Matthew's Ninth 
Regiment of Virginia, Continental Line. 

3. Robinson Custis, died prior to the date of his mother's will, leaving issue: Thomas, 

Peter, Fanny and Edmond Custis. 

4. ANNE CUSTIS, born January 2, 1755; died after ISOl; married, February 12, 1778, 

Colonel Samuel Waples. 

Through Edmund Custis of Deep Creek, Virginl\ 
Tenth Generation 
X. John Custis married Joan Powell. 
IX. Thomas Custis of Baltimore, Ireland. 
VIII. Edmund Custis married Tabitha Scarburgh Whittington. 
VH. Thomas Custis married Elizabeth Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and Anne Upshur. 

V. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 
IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 
III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 
II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 
I. William Welsh Harrison. 

Accomac County Wills, Volume 1800-1804, p. 615. 

" Grey Towers. 


/ 1 


■%flifiri#i'<i£rtfHgffrtfigialiiTriir ' -"■= t iHr'-T-'^-^-- 


JUDGE lOHN WISE, born in 1617, sailed from Gravesend, 
England, on the ship Transport, July 4, 1635,^ and settled on the 
Eastern Shore of Virginia. . , - . a ( 

He represented Accomac County for the hrst court, and tor 
manv years after.- He married Hannah Scarburgh, daughter of 
Captain Edmund Scarburgh and Hannah Butler of Accomac County. 

John Wi^e died in 1695. His will, dated October 20, 169o 
proved November 19, 1695,^ mentioned the followmg children and 


1. COLONEL JOHN WISE, married Matilda West. 

2. John V.'ise, "ye younger," called Johannes for distinction. 

3. WiLLLvi! Wise. 

4. Barba2_\ Wise, married Robins. 

5. Haxn-'lH Wise, married Scarburgh. 

6. M.^Y Wise, married Colonel WiUiam Anderson, and had daughters, Naomi Makem.e 

and Comfort Taylor. 

COLOXEL JOHN WISE, son of Judge John Wise and 
Hannah Scarburgh of Accomac County, Virginia, married Matilda 
West, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel John West and Matilda 
Scarburgh.* ... . 

Colonel Wise died in Accomac County in 1/17. His wil, in 
xvhich he was described as being sick and weak, was dated March 2/, 
1717, and proved May 7, 1717. He bequeathed to his son John the 

' Ho'.lfn's List, p. 102. 

' .Accomac County Records, Volume 1663-66, p. 1. 

' -Accomac County Records, Volume 1692-1715, p. 85. .. . , , ' 

* Accomac Counrj- Records, pp. 317, 318. ^^ .•i.<-'.,L : ''yt'--^-''''-'^^' 

[109] ' 


'. -i::] 

•1 1 ■! {i.irjj. 

Vi -:-, 1- 

plantation where the testator resided, containing five hundred acres, 
being part of an eight-hundred-acre tract. He made betjuests to his 
six children, John, Thomas, Samuel, Mar}' Cade Scarburgh, Eliza- 
beth and Hannah Scarburgh. Appointed his wife, Matilda, executrix. 
Will witnessed by Tully Robinson, Jonathan West, Elizabeth Brad- 
hurst and Sarah Robinson.' 

Matilda, the widow of John Wise, died in 1722. Her will, dated 
September 6, 1721, was proved March 6, 1722, and mentioned her 
children, John, Thomas, Elizabeth Wise, Mary Cade Scarburgh, 
Hannah Scarburgh and Samuel. Witnessed by Charles Snead, 
James Davis, Jonathan West and Henr>'- Davis." 


1. MAJOR JOHN WISE, married Scarburgh Robinson. 

2. Thomas Wise. 

3. Samuel Wise. 

4. Elizabeth Wise. ' . 

5. Hannah Wise. 

6. Mary Cade Wise. 

MAJOR JOHN WISE of Accomac County, son of Colonel 
John W'ise and Matilda West of the same place, married Scarburgh 
Robinson, daughter of Colonel Tully Robinson and Sarah West.^ 

He was appointed a Major of the Militia of Accomac County 
in September of 1758.* Major Wise died in Accomac County in 
1767. His will, dated August 5, 1767, was proved August 26, 1767.* 


1. John Wise. 

2. Tully Rohinson Wise. 

3. CASSANDRA WISE, or "Cassy," born April 7, 1728; died April 26, 1803; married, 

June 21, 1748, Major Thomas Custis. 

4. Mary Wise, married Smith; had issue, Elizabeth and Anne Smith. 

' Accomac County Deeds and Wills, Volume 171S-1729, p. 23. 

' Accomac Countv Deeds and Wills, X'olume 1715-1729, p. 178. 

J Will of Colonel tuUy Robinson, Accornac County Deeds and Wills, Volume 1715-1729, p. 208. 

* Virginia Colonial Miiilia, p. 67. 

s Accomac County Records, Volume 1767-1774, p. 49. 


iTl --,1 l;-V- .•::,v ii^ 

Grey Towers." 




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Eighth Generation 
VIII. Jud;;e John Wise married Hannah Scarburgh. 
VII. Colonel John Wise married Matilda West. 
VI. Major John Wise married Scarburgh Roliinson. 
V. Cassandra Wise married Major Thomas Custis. 
IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 
111. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 
II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 
I. William W'elsh Harrison. 

Old Mill, Northampton County, Virginia 



COLONEL TULLY ROBLNSON of Deep Creek, Accomac 
County, Virginia, born August 31, 1658, married Sarah West, daugh- 
ter of Lieutenant-Colonel John West and Matilda Scarburgh of the 
same county. 

Colonel Robinson was a member of the Virginia Assembly 
from Accomac County, 1700-1702, 1712-171-1, 1718, 1722, and was 
present at the session of May 9, 1723/ He died November 12, 1723, 
and was buried at "Poulson Place," Onancock, Virginia, where his 
tomb bears the following inscription: 

"Coll. Tully Robinson, late of Accomack Co., Va., who was 
born August 31st 1658, and departed November 12, 1723; Aged 
65 years and twenty days. A gentleman honourable, an Ornament 
to all places. He was loyall to his prince. Unshaken to his friend, 
and a true believer in the Church of England." - 

The will of Colonel Robinson, dated November 1, 1723, proved 
August 5, 1724, made bequests to: Jacoba Spires, thirt>^-five acres 
of land at or near Burton's Branch, and after her decease to the 
eldest living son of John Spires, deceased; John Williams of North- 
ampton County, orfe hundred acres of land; youngest daughter, 
Ann Robinson, who was then in her minority, three slaves; daughter, 
Mary Robinson, three slaves; loving wife mentioned; son William; 
daughters, West Smith, Scarburgh Wise, Sarah Smith and Susanna 
McClenachan; daughter Elizabeth Smith and John Smith, her 
husband, for the use of the testator's grandson, William Robinson 
Smith, and the rest of their children. He mentioned the plantation 
whereon the testator then lived, on Deep Creek; daughters Sarah 
Smith and Susanna McClenachan, £5, lodged in the hands of Mr. 
Evans, merchant, of London. Witnesses, William Black, Daniel 
and Sarah Fookes.^ 

Virginia Colonial Register, pp. 94, 100, 102, 104. 
William and Mary College Quarterly, Volume III; p. 259. 
Accomac County Deeds and Wills,' Volume 1715-1729, p. 208. 


y Grey Towers;" the Stable- 


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^K>i&.v(w£ifM^;jik:^SiSt:j;^ &i5tM;Ab^Ut*-' "^"^ 

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1. Mary Robinson. *^ 

2. William Rolunsos. 

3. West Roisinson, married Smith. 

4. SCARBURGH ROBLN'SOX, married .Major John Wise of Accomac County. 

5. Sarah RoniNSON, married Smith. 

6. Susanna Robi.vson, married McClenachan. 

7. Elizabeth Robinson, married John Smith; had a son, William Robinson S 

8. Anne Robinson. 

Seventh Generation 

VH. Colonel Tully Robinson married Sarah West. 

VL Scarburgh Robinson married ^L^ior John Wise. 

V. Cassandra Wise married Major Thomas Custis. 

. IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. ' ' 

' III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 

II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. , 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 





I' -t. 
jse, on 




Arlington Ho 

the Potc 


>e marriage of Colonel Tully Robinson and Sarah West is shown by the will of her father, 
John West, 1703. (Accomac Records, Volume 1692-1715, pp. 318, 319.) 


ig :•■:-! ..( fi;.-.i;r/. 

!jT _.J'_.:^0 'O 5S/.P-1J:' 

• Vy .niul 


ANTHONY WEST, born about the year 1600, went to Vir- 
ginia on the sliip James in 1622.^ Possibly he was of the same West 
family to which the Lords De la Warr belonged. 

He died in 1652. His will, dated October 12, 1650, was proved 
May 25, 1652.- Anne, the widow of Anthony West, married second, 
in November, 1653, Colonel Stephen.^ 


1. Anke West, married Charles Scarburgh; died without issue before her father. 

2. Catherine West, married first, Ralph Barlowe; second, her brother-in-law, Charles 

Scarburgh; third. Major Edmund Bowman. Issue: Barlowe and 

Henry Scarburgh. 

3. LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JOHN WEST, bom 1638-9; married Matilda Scar- 


County, Virginia, son of Anthony and Anne West of Northampton 
County, was born in 163S-9. He married Matilda Scarburgh, 
daughter of Colonel Edmund and Mary Scarburgh, who was born in 

John West was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Militia of Accomac 
County in 1680.^ He died in 1703. His will, dated Februar}- 6, 
1702-3, proved August 3, 1703, made bequests to: his son Anthony 
and said son's wife Elizabeth and their children; John, son of son 
Anthony; Matilda, Mar>' Scarburgh and Jean, the daughters of his 

■ Hollen's List, p. 235. 

* Northampton County Records, Volume IV, p. 83. 

1 Northampton County Records, Volume V, p. 108. 

< Northampton Countv Records, Volume XVII, March 17, 1679. Accomac Records, Volur 

1692-1713, p. 360; Volume 1676-1690, pp. 6, 7, 8. 
' Virginia Colonial Militia, p. 103. 


! // (y,'. .! • /■ 

Pewter Plates of Thomas Harrison, 

1741-1815, marked T. & S. H. 
Silver Sugar Bowl marked L. L. 

(Lydia Leib Harrison). 

Owned by Mrs. Robert A. Semple, 


I ^ 



\^-. •* 




son Anthony; son Alexander West and his sons; the testator's four 
youngest daughters, Catherine, Mary, Anne and Scarburgh West, 
when aged sixteen years or married; eldest son John and sons 
Benony and Jonathan; five daughters, Catherine, Mary, Anne, 
Scarburgh and Matilda; daughter Matilda Wise and her daughter, 
Man,- Cade Wise; daughter Sarah Robinson, provision for life 
and after her death to her children. West, Elizabeth, Scarburgh, 
Sarah and Susanna; daughter Sarah and "her now Husband, 
Capt Tully Robinson;" daughter Frances Kellam and her son 
Saram; Richard Kellam; John, son of Sarah Glaning, deceased, now 
in the care of Sarah Riley at the Hunting Creek, land at Gingo- 
tege; to "my youngest son John West, my Scale Ring," etc., and 
"when he dyes, then my Sonn great John have the sd Ringe, and 
then to my son Jonathan as ye nearest that bears my name;" son 
Jonathan West, John West the elder, John West the younger, son 
Anthony, Alexander West and son Benony West mentioned. Land 
and Manor House of Chieconessick; house at Chieconessick to be 
"for c. Common Home & Receptacle for all my Unmarried Children." 
Wife Matilda, executrix, and, after her widowhood or decease, his 
son Jonathan to act. Son-in-law Captain Tully Robinson to assist 
the executrix. Mentioned Ro])ert Hutchinson; grandson Anthony, 
son of John West; grandson John, ye eldest son of testator's 
daughter, Matilda. Witnesses: William Wise, John Wise, Tabitha 
Hill, Patrick Morgan and Robert Hutchinson.^ 


1. John West, the elder, of Accomac County; will dated November 9, 1705, proved 

February 2, 170S-9, made bequests to: John, son of Thomas Sparrow, by 
Ann his now wife, pro\ided that the testator's honored mother and his 
grandmother, Mrs. Matilda West, shall have use of the legacy until said 
John is a^ed eighteen years; Elizabeth, late wife and now widow of Garvas 
Bagaly; Mrs. Thomas Preson; Mr. Peter Gill o^ London; sister Sarah 
Robinson; cousin Susanna Robinson, daughter of Tully Robinson; cousin 
Anthony West, son of testator's brother, John West ye younger. Mentioned 
the will of testator's father. Colonel John West; cousins, Elizabeth Robinson, 
and John, son of testator's brother, Alexander West. His brother John West 
and brother-in-law Tully Robinson, e.\ecutors. Witnesses, Timothy Coe, 
John Lewis and Matthew Oneale.' 

2. Anthony West, married Elizabeth , and had John, Matilda, Mary Scarburgh 

and Jean. 

3. Alexander West, married; had John and others. 

4. Jon.\th.\n West. 

5. John West, the younger, had son Anthony. 

6. Benony West. 

7. Anne West, married Thomas Sparrow; had son John. 

Accomac County Records, Volume 1692-1713, pp. 318, 319. 
Accomac County Records, Volume 1692-1715, p. 471. 


if' ■ : , 

'M(;:y':iiA rr.y. ; /CI *>i^ J i , A i!<W 
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.,1 vM .^;.-.:.' >^i; i.:)1r hue 

!/- .::riiu. 

8. MATILDA WEST, married Colonel John Wise. Hor eldest son John and her daughter 

Mary Cade W iso, mentioned in will of their grandfather, Lieutenant-Colonel 
John Wot, 170:-J. 

9. SARAH WEST, married Colonel Tully Roliinson. 

10. ^LA.RY West. 

11. Catherine West. 


13. Frances West, married and had a son, Saram Kellam. 


Through Matilda West 

Ninth Generation 

IX. Anthony West married Anne . 

VIII. Lieutenant-Colonel John W'est married Matilda Scarburgh. 

VII. Matilda West married Colonel John Wise. 

VI. Major John Wise married Scarburgh Robinson. 

V. Cassandra Wise married Major Thomas Custis. 

IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 

III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Lcib Riley. 

II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 


Through Sarah West 

Ninth Generation 

IX. Anthony West married Anne . 

VIII. Lieutenant-Colonel John West married Matilda Scarburgh 

VH. Sarah West married Colonel Tully Robinson. 

VI. Scarburgh Robinson married .Major John Wise. 

V. Cassandra Wise married Major Thomas Custis. 

IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 

III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 

II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 


Sir Charles Scarborough, M.D. 



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.*.?;/' (;7i^^f:>i.fll /--'uiit/.re m Barier- Surgeons f/oJ^ Aci/y'iyn 


St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London, gentleman, was born about 1588,' 
and married in England, Hannah, daughter of Robert Butler.- 

He settled on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, and was a member 
of the Virginia House of Burgesses, representing Accomac County, 
in 1629, 1631 and 1632. He was a Justice of the said count)- in 
1631, and Commander or Chief Justice of the Plantation of Accomac 
in 1631-32,^ and probably earlier. 

Captain Scarburgh died intestate between April IS, 1634, 
and Januar}^ 9, 1635.'* 


1. Sir Charles Scarburgh, baptized at St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London, December 
29, 1615. "Entered Caiu5 College, Cambridge, March 4, 1632-j, aged 16 
years. Took the degree of A.M. in 1639, and became a fellow. Being a 
staunch Royalist, he was deprived of his fellowship by the Parliamentarians, 
lost his library, &c., and retired to Merton College, O.xford. He was created 
Doctor of Physic in 1643, and was a celebrated physician and scholar and 
particularly distinguished for his learning in anatomy and mathematics. 
He was physician to Charles II., James II. and William, and to the Tower of 
London. Was a Member of Parliament for Camelford, September, 1685-7, 
and was knighted at Durdens, the Lord Berkley's house at Ebsham in Surrey, 
August 14, 1669. He died F"ebruary 26, 1693-4, and \%'as buried at Cran- 
ford, Middlesex. His portrait is in Barber-Surgeons' Hall, London. By 
his wife Mary, second daughter of Thomas Daniel of Newberry, Bedford- 
shire, he had one son Charles Scarburgh, fellow of College of Physicians, 
London, Knight. The latter was admitted to Caius College, Cambridge, 
September 10, 1669, aged 16 vears. M.A. per Lileras Regias 1674, and also 
LL.D., September 28, 1681.' Created D.C.L., August 27, 1702. Student 
of Middle Temple, 1670. Was in the Service of Prince George of Denmark, 
husband of Queen Anne, and was envoy from him to his brother, the King 
of Denmark, on his accession to the throne. Several letters among the 
Virginia Correspondence, in the English Public Record Office, show that Sir 
Charles and Colonel Edmund Scarburgh of Virginia, were brothers." s 

' Alumtii Oxoniensis, Volume IV, p. 1482. 

' Records of Northampton County, Virginia, Volume I, p. 30. 

' The Virginia Magazine, Volume IV, pp. 421, 422. Records of Northampton County, Virginia, 

Volume I, p. 1. 
' Records of Northampton County, Virginia, Volume I, p. 30. 
' The Virginia Magazine, Volume IV, pp. 315, 318. Harleian Society Publications, Volume 

VIII, p. 226. Alumni Oxoniensis, Volume IV, p. 1322. 



'-I Oil!-.. 

•- i •■ 

2. COLONEL EDMUND SCARBl'RGH of Northampton County, Virginia, married 

.Marv . 

3. HANNAH SCARBURGH, married Judge John Wise. 

4. Catherine Scardurgh. 

5. Henry Scarburgh, merchant of London. 

County, Virginia, son of Captain Edmund Scarburgh and Hannah 
Butler of London and Virginia, was baptized at St. Alartin-in-the 
Fields, London, October 2, 1617.' 

He received a grant for two hundred acres of land on ALaggetye 
Bay, in Accomac County, Virginia, November 28, 1635; fifty acres 
being in right of his late father. Captain Edmund Scarborough, fifty 
for the personal adventure of his mother, Hannah Scarborough, 
fifty for his own personal adventure, and fifty for the transportation 
of one servant, Robert Butler. 

He received a similar grant on the same day for two hundred 
acres of land in Accomac County, on the seaboard and on Dunn 
Creek, due for the transportation of four persons, viz., Roger Wright, 
Alice, a maid servant, Edward Agas and Elizabeth Machin.- 

On November 28, 1642, Edmund Scarburgh made a deposition, 
in which he swore that he was about twenty-four years old.^ 
The maiden name of his wife. Mar},-, is supposed to have been 
Charlton. If this is so, she was probably the daugliter of Henry 
Charlton, brother of Colonel Stephen Charlton. She was born in 

Colonel Scarburgh was "for many years one of the most promi- 
nent and useful men in the Colony" of Virginia.^ He was appointed 
Surveyor-General of \'irginia in 1655, with the rank of Colonel and 
Commander of all the inhabitants on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, 
as shown by the Acts of Assembly of Virginia, No. 11, September 
10, 1663. He held this ofiice until his death. He was a member 
of the Virginia House of Burgesses in 16-42, 1643, 1644, 1645, 1647, 
1652, 1659, 1660 and 1666; Speaker of the House in 1645;^ Justice 
of Northampton County- and Sheriff of the same in 1660 and 1661.^ 

' Register of St. Martin-in-the-Fields. 

' The Virginia Magazine, Volume IV, pp. 316, 318. 

3 Records of Northampton County, Volume II, p. 113. 

< Records of Northampton County, Volume 1657-1666, p. 98; Volume 1673-1676, pp. 13, 300. 

s The Virginia Magazine, Volume IV, pp. 316, 317, 318. 

' Virginia Carolorum, p. 301. 

' The Virginia Magazine, Volume IV, p. 317. 



Priestley Lodge," residence of Jolm Harrison, 
Frankford Road, Philadelphia. 


4- \yil>^ '-' 


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The following records conccrniiii::; Colonel Kdmund Scarburgh 
are from the minutes of the court of Northampton County: 

"At the Court held July 29, 1651, aniont; other things 25 horses and marcs were to be 
provided with saddles and bridles: if not sulticicnt riders, men were to be pressed by the Sheriff 
on the Monday next at three o'clk in the afternoon at Xassawattocks at the house of Richard 
liayly. liach man was to bring with him half a pouTid of powder with shot and, bullets propor- 
tionate, and provisions for one week; to be armed with pistols, carbines, and short swords. 
And they were also authorized to take such things wherever they found them from the planters. 
"At the next Court May lOih, 1651, it was recorded that Edmund Scarborough, Thomas 
Johnson, Richard \'aughan, John Dollings, John Robinson, Toby Xorton, Richard Bayly, 
Ambrose Dixon, Richard Hill, Tomlin Price, and divers others, inhabitants and freemen in 
Northampton, did in a hostile manner contrary to the known laws of \'irginia, on the JSth of 
last April raise a body of men, and marched among the Indians to take or kill the King of Poco- 
moke. They shot at- the Indians, slashed them, cut their bows, icjok Indian prisoners, bound 
one of them with a chain, which accordingly caused the Indians to gather themselves together in 
great .Multitudes to invade the county to the great danger of the peoples' lives and estates. The 
Sheriff was ordered to take, to the number of fifty or all who went against the Indians, into 
custody, till they give security for their appearance at James City before the Governor and 
Council; and Argall Vardly and Mr. William Andrews were expressed to the Governor and 
Council at James City to prosecute the defendants. 

"The testimony of John Ames and \Vm. Scott sayeth, 'that we John Ames, skipper and 
VVm. Scott, pilot, of the Seahorse belonging unto Edmund Scarborough, of \'irginia, merchant, 
on the 3rd of June, 1651, being employed unto Delaware Bay, by the Dutch called the South 
River of X^ew Netherlands, were taken, searched and detained by violence, together with our 
merchandise, as we were sailing by the said Ri\er, which piracy was acted by Andrew Hudson, 
Deputy Governor General of New Netherlands, by order from the Dutch West India Company, 
and having so searched and taken us, we were now carried to the Fort Nassaw in the same river, 
our English colors pulled down and Dutch colors put on the vessel, with many insolent speeches 
to us, for which they would render no reason but their will. This we make oath unto.' John 
Colony also deposes to the same, but says they pretended it was for customs, although Stephesant ' 
the Governor had invited them to trade there without paying customs. 

"On 27th. February, 1652; a long Deposition was made about Captain Edmund Scar- 
borough's vessel the Hobby Horse, capturing Dutchmen or people they thought Dutch in the 
Potomac. Charles Scarburgh testified that he asked Edmund Scarburgh why he should threaten 
the Dutch Inhabitants in this County to plunder them, he answered he would maintain what 
he said and justify plundering them. 

"The Governor and Council held a Court the 29th July, 1653, in Northampton, and 
sold a ship, a Dutch prize, for 50,000 lbs. tobacco. She was called the St. John of Amsterdam. 
They took another called the White of home (While Horse 7) July 5th, 1653. A list is on record 
of 116 persons who signed the engagement tendered to them ^Iarch, 1651, to be true to the 
Commonwealth of England, without King or House of Lords. Also an order from James City 
5 to arrest Edmund Scarborough who was complained of for having a quantity of arms and am- 

I munition on board his ship, for trading with the Indians. He was suspected and accused of 

I' supplying them with guns, powder and shot, contrary to the known laws of the county, and 

I to the great endangerment of the peace thereof." = 

I On June 6, 1654, a petition was made by Captain Daniel Howe, of New England, to 

I the Lord Protector and Council, in England, setting forth that he was castaway between X'irginia 

I and New England; bought a ship at New Amsterdam in America, called the Hopewell, which 

I' was taken from him in Virginia by Lieutenant-Colonel Edmund Scarborough, under pretence 

I that she traded for the Dutch, and Scarborough procured one Peter Wraxhall to swear she acted 

I under his Commission.^ 

t At a Grand A.ssembly held at James City, March 26th, 1655, Edmund Scarborough 

I appeared on a warrant and was acquitted from all charges and crimes made against him for 

I matter of trade, and at the same time he was reinvested with "such offices and employment 

I as he before held in the Colony." 

I On June 22, 1670, John Farvacks of London, merchant, petitioned the King, setting 
J forth all that had taken place in reference to a debt due from Edmund Scarborough of Virginia 
I to his late father, and his refusal to comply with the orders already given, and praying another 
I letter to the Governor of Virginia, to compel him to put in good security for the payment thereof .< 

I ■ Peter Stuyvesant, Governor of the New Netherlands. 

I ' Court Records of Northampton County, Virginia. 

I ' Colonial Papers, Volume 32, No. 7, Public Record OfKce, Chancery Lane, London. 

I • Calendar of State Papers, 1669-1674, No. 200, p. 70. 

I [119] 

February 21, 1670. Thomas Ludwcll, Secretary, wrote to John Far^-acks, Merchant 
in London, that he had received hi> letter of Attorney since he wrote to Alderman JelTries. 
Finding he submits to the proposition of receiving 1,000 1. at three payments for what is due 
to him from Col. Scarborough, he will put the business to a speedy issue and hopes to both 
their consents. Desired he would give Scarborough better language in his letters or else he 
could not show them lo him fearing they might cause him to try all extremities.' 

March 22, 1671. Governor Sir William Berkeley wrote to the Committee of Trade 
and Plantations and e-xplained his conduct in reference to a business that concerned one Farvacks, 
of London, merchant, and one Scarborough, a planter in this colony, which His Royal Highness, 
the Oukc of York, had commanded tlie Governor to review; that he could not give a new hearing 
to Scarborough, nor would the Governor's duty sutler him to let His Royal Highness' mediation 
be altogether ineffectual, being the first that ever he received from His Royal Highness of this 
nature. Had retarded the e.xecution ready to be issued out on Scarborough's first sailing for 
one year to give time to his brother. Sir Charles Scarborough, to produce anything to their Lord- 
ships that might alleviate his brother's debt in equity. Hoped this would not be too severely 
censured by their Lordships.' 

May 23, 1671. Governor Sir \V. Berkeley wrote to Secretary, Lord Arlington. Since 
his last letter Scarborough is dead, but assured his Lordship he had secured the estate of Scar- 
borough for Faierfox (sic), who would now sooner have his debt than if Scarborough had been 
living. Begged that the place of Surveyor-General of Virginia, formerly held by Col. Scar- 
borough, might be confirmed to his [the Governor's] wife's brother, Culpeper.' 

Colonel Edmund Scarburgh "was a leader in all efforts for pub- 
lic improvement and at his particular charge, but to the infinite good 
of the country', erected salt works."'* He died intestate in 1671.''' 

Man,', the widow of Colonel Scarburgh, died in 1691. The will 
of "Mars- Scarburgh now resident at ye home of Anthony West at 
JNleriy branch," dated June 14, 1691, was proved December 15th of 
the same year. She made bequests to her grandson Anthon}^ West, 
and to his daughter Matilda; to her son Charles Scarburgh; to her 
daughter Tabitha Custis, a large bible; to son Edmund Scarburgh, 
a Bible and a book. No Cross No Crown; her grandson Edmund, son 
of her son Edmund, when twelve years of age; granddaughters 
Mary West and Tabitha Custis; daughter Matilda West and Anthony 
West appointed executors. Witnesses: Edward Marten, Tullv Rob- 
inson and Richard Bally, Jr. Codicil dated October IS, 1691.^ 


1. Colonel Charles Scarburgh of Accomac, a member of the House of Burgesses 
in 168S and other years; of the Council from 1691 until his death; was 
Councillor in 1692, Collector of the Eastern Shore. Naval Officer of the 
same; Commander-in-Chief of Accomac and Presiding Justice of that count>'. 
He took part in Bacon's Rebellion, but escaped with a fine and was pardonid 
asjto his life. In 1687 he was again prosecuted by the authorities for sayi.nj, 
"King James would wear out the Church of England, for whenever there 
was a vacancy he filled it with one of another persuasion." He married 
a daughter of Governor Richard Bennett, but it is probable that he married 

■ Calendar of State Papers, 1669-1674, p. 56. 

» Calendar of State Papers, 1669-1674, p. 1S7. 

J Calendar of State Papers, 1669-1674, p. 220. 

■• The Virginia Magazine, Volume IV, p. 317. 

s Records of Accomac County, Volume 1671-73, July 7, 1671. 

' Accomac County Wills, Volume 1689-1697, p. 229. 

' The Virginia Magazine, Volume IV, pp. 317, 318, 421. 


Pair of Silver and Cut Glass Candelabra 

of John Harrison, 1773-1833. 

Owned by Mrs. Robert A. Scmple. 


"I r^\.^.-/'^' 


!■ f more than once. Colonel Charles Scarburgh was one of the original trustees 

of William and Mary College. He died in Arconiac County. Will dated 
1701; proved 1702. 

2. C.\PT.\IN Edmlwd Scarhtrgh, Jr., with his brother Littleton and sister Matilda, 
had a grant of land in Xorthainpton in 1055, and otliers to himself in 1073 
and 1674; had a son Edmund. 

3. Littleton Sc.\kbirgh, had a grant for land in Accomac County in 1664. He died 
without issue, as the records state his brother Charles was his heir. 

4. MATILDA SCARBURGH, born in 1644, married Lieutenant-Colonel John West 
of Accomac County.' 

5. TABITHA SCARBURGH, married first, John Smart; second, Devereux Browne 
of Accomac; third, Major-Gcneral John Custis, and fourth, Colonel Edward 
Hill of "Shirley," Charles City County. 

6. Henry Scarburgh. 

Through ^^\TILD.\ Scarburgh .\nd J^Iatild.a West 
Tenth Generation 
i 4 ' X. Captain Edmund Scarburgh married Hannah Butler. 

j I IX. Colonel Edmund Scarburgh married Mary . 

\ I VIIL Matilda Scarburgh married Lieutenant-Colonel John West. 

;■ I VIL Matilda West married Colonel John Wise. 

\. I VL -Major John Wise married Scarburgh Robinson. 

I V. Cassandra Wise married Major Thomas Custis. , ■ ' , ,.,;, 

I ■ IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 

III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 
II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 
I. William Welsh Harrison. 

Through Matilda Scarburgh and Sar.\ii West 
Tenth Generation 
X. Captain Edmund Scarburgh married Hannah Butler. 

IX. Colonel Edmund Scarburgh married Mary . 

VIII. Matilda Scarburgh married Lieutenant-Colonel John West. 

VII. Sarah We-st married Colonel TuUy Robinson. 

VI. Scarburgh Robinson married Major John Wise. 

V. Cassandra Wise married Major Thomas Custis. 

IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 

I I III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 

II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 
I. William W'elsh Harrison. 

Virginia Carolorum, p. 419. 


Through Hannah Scardurgh 
Ninth Generation 
IX. Captain Edmund Scarburgh married Hannah Butler. 
VIII. Hannah Scarbiirgh married Judge John Wise. 
VII. Colonel John Wise married Matilda West. 
VI. .Major John Wise married Scarburgh Robinson. 
V. Cassandra Wise married Major Thomas Custis. 
IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 
III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 
II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Ha 
1. William Welsh Harrison. 


Through Tabitiia Scarburgh Smart 
Twelfth Gener.ation 
XII. Captain Edmund Scarburgh married Hannah Butler. 

XI. Colonel Edmund Scarburgh married Mary . 

X. Tabitha Scarburgh married John Smart. 

IX. Tabitha Scarburgh Smart married Colonel William Whittington. 
VIII. Tabitha Scarburgh Whittington married Edmund Custis. 
VII. Thomas Custis married Elizabeth Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and Anne Upshur. 

V. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 
IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 
III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 
II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 
I. William Welsh Harrison. 


, ■.!..! '..i 

CofTcc Urn and Candlesticks of 

John Harrison, 1773-1833. 

Property of Mrs. Robert A. Semple. 

V \ 1 




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County, Virginia, was born about tlie year 1621. His name first 
appears in the records of the Eastern Shore of X'irginia, in January 
of 1640.' His certificate of Head Rights, for a patent of land, was 
dated June 29, 1647, and contained the names of himself and wife 

Captain Whittington married second, Elizabeth Weston. The 
will of Thomas Shepherd of Virginia, dated July 30, 1648, proved 
January S', 1648-9,^ bequeathed to his cousin. Captain William 
Whittington, all his property in Virginia and all property in England 
to his uncle Weston. The said will sets forth that William Whit- 
tington was the said Shepherd's cousin b}' reason of his marriage 
to Elizabeth Weston, a cousin of the testator. 

Captain William Whittington took the Oath of Fealty to 
Cromwell, March 11, 1651.'' He was appointed a Captain of Militia, 
June 28, 1654, and a Justice of the Orphans' Court of Northampton 
County, December 27, 1655.^ 

On December 14, 1656, Captain William Whittington issued a 
warrant for a Jur\' of Inquest o^•er the body of Paul Rynners. The 
jury reported that they "Have viewed the body of Paul Rynnuse, 
late of this county deceased and have caused Mr. William Custis, 
the person questioned, to touch the face and stroke the body of the 
said Paul Rynure, which he very willingly did, but no sign did 
appear unto us of question in the law." ® 

In a deposition made May 4, 1658, William Whittington swore 
that he was "thirty seven years old or thereabouts." ' 

Captain Whittington died in 1659-60. His will, in which he 
stated that he was intending to go to Holland, was dated May 4, 

Records of Xorthampton County, Volume II, New Book, p. 51. 

Records of Xorthampton Countv, \"olume III, p. 89. 

Xonhampton County Record*. \"olume III, p. 176. 

Northampton County Records, Volume I\^ p. 188. 

Records of Xorthampton Countv, \'olume III, p. 223; Volume XI of Orders, p. 84; Volume 

D. W. & C. Xo. IV, p. 194; X'olume VI, not paged. 
The Virginia Magazine, Volume V, p. 40. 
' Northampton County Records, Volume I, p. 14S. 

[ 123 ] 

'*Tr'V iT ! : t.v; 

1659, and proved January 30, 1659-60. He made bequests to liis 
son W'illiani and also devised lands in the Pro\ince of Maryland 
to his unborn child. Appointed his daui;hter, Ursilie Whittington, 
executrix, and his friends William Waters and Mr. John Penniwell, 
guardians. Will witnessed by Will. Melling, John Turner and Mar- 
garet Neale.' 

Elizabeth, the widow of Captain Whittington, married second, 
June 14, 1660, Captain William Spencer.- 


1. Ursula Whittington. 

2. WILLIAM WHITTINGTON, Colonel, married Tabitha Scarburgli Smart. 

3. Elizabeth Whittington, a posthumous child, baptized when eight months old, 

May 16, 1660.3 

William Whittington and Elizabeth Weston of Northampton County, 
Virginia, was born about the year 1653. He was Captain of Horse 
in the Militia of Northampton Countv in 16S0,"' and on March 1, 
1681;= Major of Militia, March 14, 1695.'^ 

Colonel Whittington married first, Tabitha Scarburgh Smart, 
daughter of John Smart and Tabitha Scarburgh. He married second, 
Esther Littleton, daughter of Colonel Southey Littleton and Sarah 

Colonel Whittington was several times a Burgess, or member 
of the Virginia Assembly, from Northampton County.* He spent 
nearly all his life on the Eastern Shore of \'irginia, but removed to 
Mar>'land some time prior to 1692, and was elected to the Maryland 
Assembly, April 28, 1692." 

• Northampton County Deeds and Wills, Volume 1637-1666, p. 56. Order Book No. VIII, 

1657-1664, p. 60. 
' Northampton County Births, Volume 1657-1666, pp. 49, 56, 104. 
> Northampton County Births, Volume 1657-1666, p. 56. 

• Virginia Colonial Mililia, p. 105. 

s Accomac County Records, Volume XI, p. 210. 

' Accomac County Records, Volume 1692-1715, January 1, 1711. 

' Petition of Colonel William Whittington, who married Esther Littleton, the daughter of Colonel 

Southey Littleton, deceased, July 16, 1683. (Records of Accomac County, Volume 1676- 

1690, p. 345.) 

• Virginia Carolorum, p. 301. 

• Days of Makemie, pp. 205, 209, 210. 



Carlisle Castle, Cumberland County, England. 

.•iw^,;-w<*ii.«isa»4.„v*^. . -^».,'i.- .1 J 

*,T'''T^«*^!] 'A^_\'^^^^^W^. 





In 1717 he deposed that "he was si\l\" tour years old or there 
abouts." ' He died in Mar\laud. His will, dated February 28, 
1719-20, was proved March 13, 1720.' 


1. TABITHA SCARBURGH WHITTINGTON, married Edmund Custis of Deep 

Creek, \'irgiiiia, son of Thomas Custis of Baltimore, Ireland.^ 

2. Smart Wiiittint.ton, died youna:. as shown by a power of attorney, dated March 

14, lo95, from Colonel William Whittington to Edmund Custis, "to recover 
of John Lecatts, a grey mare, Which had belonged to his son Smart Whit- 
tington deceased." •■ 

3. William Whittington. 

4. SouTHEY Whittington. 

5. Esther Whittington. 

6. Hannah Whittington. 

Tenth Generation 
X. Captain William Whittington married Elizabeth Weston. 
IX. Colonel William Whittington married Tabitha Scarburgh Smart. 
VI IL Tabitha Scarburgh Whittington married Edmund Custis. 
VII. Thomas Custis married Elizabeth Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and Anne Upshur. 

V. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 
IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 
III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Lcib Riley. 
II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 
I. William Welsh Harrison. 

' Liber P. L., p. 41, Land Office, Annapolis. 

' Liber T. B., No. V, folio 105, Land Office, Annapolis. 

^ The will of George Watson, proved February 17, 1674, bequeathed to Tabitha Whittington, 
daughter of William Whittington and Tabitha his wife, a mare bought of Mrs. Tabitha 
Browne; he mentioned Henry Edwards; gave three hundred acres of land at Long Love 
Branch to John and Thomas, sons of Ralph Bundick; three hundred acres to Mrs. Tabitha 
Browne, relict of Mr. Devor Browne; residue of estate to Captain Southey Littleton in 
trust, to be sent home to the testator's daughter, (.'\ccomac Wills, Volume 1673-1676, p. 242; 
Accomac Records, Volume 1676-1690, p. 532; Volume 1716-1729, p. 37.) 

* Accomac County Records, Volume 1692-1715. 



• JOHN SMART, born in Bristol, England,' settled in Virginia 
with his brother, Captain William Smart, where they received patents 
for land on the Rappahannock River. He married Tabitha Scar- 
burgh, daughter of Colonel Edmund and Marj^ Scarburgh," who was 
born in 1640. 

The date of the death of John Smart is not known, and no 
record of his will or settlement of the estate has been found. Tabitha, 
his widow, married second, Devereux Browne; third, Major-General 
John Custis, and fourth. Colonel Edward Hill of Charles City, 

Deposition of Tabitha Hill 

"This may satisfie whome It may that I the subscriber was ye 
wife of Jno. Smart who was Brother to William Smart who purchasd 
a seate of Land up ye freshes of Rapahanock on ye North side, and 
mj'- said husband sold his wright to ye s'd land to his Brother Wil- 
liam Smart and that Sarah Tankred is the Daughter of W'illiam 
Smart who was ye purchaser of ye s'd land, to this I set my hand the 
2d day of March, 1707. Tabitha Hill. 

Sworne to by ye within Tabitha Hill in open Court of Accomack 
County. Robert Snead." ^ 

Her will, dated August 23, 1717, was proved January 7, 1717-18/ 

1. TABITHA SCARBURGH SMART, married Colonel William Whittington. 

■ Northampton County Records, Volume V, p. 140. 

' Deed of Gift from Colonel Edmund Scarburgh to his daughter Tabitha, as wife of John Smart. 

(Northampton County Records, Volume Iv, p. 132.) 
Accomac County Records, Volume 1692-1715, p. 431. The Virginia Magazine, Volume IV, 

pp. 421, 422. 
1 Accomac County Records, Volume 1715-1729, p. 37. 


/l'I^■ ,r:/!U' 

Carlisle Cathedral. 

■ VW^'-tI*i^'^.l^tt 



i. 1 

Tenth Generation • 
X. John Smart married Tabitha Scaiburgh. 

IX. Tabitha Scarburgh Smart married Colonel William Whittington. 
VIII. Tabitha Scarburgh Whiitington married Edmund Custis. 
VII. Thomas Custis married Elizabeth Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and Anne Upshur. 

V. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 
IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 
III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 
II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 
I. William Welsh Harrison. 

Custis Strong Box 


Ki /lAl.V- ', il 


, CAPTAIN JOHN MICHAEL of Northampton County, 
Virginia, born circa 1625, supposed to have been of English descent, 
was the first of his name to settle on the Eastern Shore of Virginia. 
He was from Graft, in Holland, where he had been a merchant, as 
shown by an agreement made July 3, 1652, "between the Master 
of the Farnvcll and Roiod, from Amsterdam, of the one part, and 
John Johnson and John Makule, both of Graft, of ye other part, 
that the vessel now lying at Accomac shall go to Holland and load."' 

Captain Michael was a prominent colonist and a man of wealth. 
He was a Commissioner of Northampton County, and a Justice of 
the Peace in 1665, and subsequent years.- 

He married first, Elizabeth Thorogood, daughter of Captain 
Adam Thorogood and Sarah Offley. Married second, Mar>-, the 
widow of John Culpepper.^ Captain Michael died in 1678. His 
will, dated in that year, proved January 28, 1678, mentioned his wife 
Mar}', and his children Adam, John, Simon, Yardley, Sarah and 
Margaret. He bequeathed to "my Dear & pious Brother Jno. 
Michael all my Dutch Bookes." ^ 


1. Ad.\m Michael, married Sarah Littleton; who married second, Colonel John Cusiis 

of " Wilsonia." 

2. MARGARET MICHAEL, married Colonel John Custis of "Wilsonia," son of 

Major-General John Custis of "Arlington." Colonel Custis married second, 
Sarah Littleton, widow of his first wife's brother, Adam Michael. 

3. S.\RAH MlCHAF.L, married first, 1678, Argall Yeardley, Hijh Sheriff of Northampton 

County, who died in 1682. She married second, John Watts, and third, 
Thomas Maddox. Her will was dated March 20, 169-i.s 

4. JoH>f Michael, Jr. 

5. Simon Michael. 

Northampton County Records, Volume 1651-34, p. 95. Sir George Yeardley, by T. T. Upshur, 

p. 6. 
Northampton County Records, Volume IX, p. 3. 

Northampton County Records, Order Book No. X, 1674-1679, p. 102. 
Northampton County Records, Order Book No. X, 1674-1679, pp. 324, 336. 
Northampton County Records, Will Book XIII, p. 419. 


i;. -: \JliA 

The Lake, near Thurstonfield, Cumberland County, England. 

6. Yeardi.ey Michael. 

Ninth Genesl^tion 
IX. Captain John Micliael married Elizabeth Thorogood. 
VHI. Margaret Michael married Colonel John Custis. 
VII. Elizabeth Custis married Thomas Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and Anne Upshur. 

V. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 
IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 
III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 
II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 
I. William Welsh Harrison. 



Arms: Sab!c, on a chief argent three buckles lozengy of the first. 
Crest: A wolf's head argent, collared sable. 

JOHN THOROGOOD of Chelston Temple, Hertfordshire, Eng- 
land, the first ancestor of this line now known, as shown by the 
Visitations of the counties of Essex and Norfolk, was born about 
the year 1440. 

THOMAS THOROGOOD of Chelston Temple, son of the 
ibove John, was born about the year 1470. 


1. Nicholas Thorogood of Chekton Temple, had a son Roger, who was of the same 


2. JOHN THOROGOOD of Chelston Temple. 

JOHN THOROGOOD of Chelston Temple, son of Thomas 
and brother of Nicholas of the same place, was born about 1500. 
He had issue: 

JOHN THOROGOOD of Frelsted, in Essex County, born about 
the year 1530, married the daughter of Lucken. 

■ The Visilaliott of Kssex. Harleian Society, 1879. 

Arms of Thorogood of Chelston Temple. 



1. WILLIAM THOROGOOD of Grim.ton. Norfolk, married first, Anne Edwards- 

second, Mary Dodge; third. Alice Holbcck. 

2. Thomas Tiiorogood, married Flower of Essex, and had a son, William. 

3. Lawrence Thordgood of Stondham Farva, in Suffolk; married Montiov 

of Essex; had sons, Edmund and John. 

WILLIAM THOROGOOD of Grimston, in Norfolk County, 
son of John Thorogood of Frelsted, born about the 3'ear 1560, was 
Commi^ssary to the Bishop of Norwich in 1587.' 

The town of Grimston is about seven miles east of Lynn. In 

the Domesday Book ^ it is written Grimestuna, Grunestuna' and 

I Ernestuna, and takes its name from a rivulet that arises by the 

I church.^ 

; I William Thorogood married first, Anne Edwards; second, 

■. I Mar)^ Dodge, widow; and third, Alice liolbeck, a widow. A sketch 

, j of William Thorogood's coat-of-arms appears in Harleian Mami- 

I script 4ys6, folio 1, with the following note: "A confirmation of 

! .| this Armes and Creast under the hand and Seale of Sr Wm Seager, 

! Garter to Willm Thorowgood, Officiall Within the Diocese of Nor- 

wich, son of John Thorowgood of Felsted in Essex, son of John 
.^^ yonger brother to Nicholas Thorowgood of Chelston Temple in Co" 

I Hertford gent, dated 24 day of March Aq 1620." 


1. Edward Thorogood. 

2. Sir John Thorogood, Knight, of Kensington in Middlesex; a pensioner in ordinary 
to Kmg Charles First and by him knighted; later of the Privy Chamber 
Extraordinary to King Charles Second ; married Frances, daughter of Thomas 
Mcautis, Esquire, of West Ham in Essex. 

3. Thomas Thorogood of Grimston. "B.A. from Queen's College, Cambridge, 1613-14- 
M.A 161/ (incorporated July 9, 1622); B.D. 1624; Rector of Little Massing- 
hani, 1620; of Grimston, Norfolk, 1625, and one of the assembly of Divines." 
Iwice Clerk of the Convocation.* 

4. Edmund Thorogood of Markham, in Norfolk; married Frances, daughter of Edward 
Smith of Chelston Temple, in Essex, gentleman, and had issue, as shown 
m the VtsxtaHon of Middlesex. 1663. 

I An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk, Volume HI, p 660 
A book compiled by order of William the Conqueror, conuining a survey of all the lands in 
^ History of Norfolk, 17S1, Volume V, pp. 155, 157. 
' Alumni Oxoniensis, Volume IV, p. 1482. 

[131] , 

5. William Thorogood. 

6. MoRDAUNT TiiOKOGOOD, died at the Siege of Breda. 

7. 'ADAM THOROGOOD, born in 1003. "Justice of the Peace, Captain, an 

Council of Virginia;" married Sarah Oltlcy of London." 

8. Franxes Thorogood, married Robert GrilBth of Wales. 

9. Robert Thorogood, "late mayor and captain in King's Lynne in Xorfolk;" 

Anne, daugliter and he'ir of Edward Hawke of Norfolk, gentleman. 

CAPTAIN ADAM THOROGOOD, son of William Thorogood 
and Anne Edwards of Grimston" Norfolk County, England, was 
born in the year 1603. He arrived in Virginia on the ship Charles 
in 1621, when in his eighteenth year. 

He married in St. Anne's Church, Blackfriars, London, July 
18, 1627, Sarah Offley, who was baptized at St. Benet's Church, 
London, April 16, 1609, daughter of Robert Ofitiey and Anne Osborne 
of London, and granddaughter of Sir Edward Osborne, Lord Alayor 
of London.- 

Captain Thorogood recei^■ed grants for large tracts of land in 
Virginia. In Virginia Land Patent, No. 179, it is recited that "the 
grant is made to Adam Thorogood at the espetiall recommendation 
of him from their Lordships and others of his Alajestys most Honor- 
able Privy Council." 

He receixed a patent for six hundred acres lying to the north 
of the first or second little creek, upon the eastern side of Lynn 
Haven, alias Chesapean River; this land being due to him for the 
transportation of Robert Whctle, Choyce Johnson, Elizabeth 
Lawson, Thomas Methell, Jon. Phillips, Jon. Cra'bb, Roliert Bennett, 
Edward Blake, Jon. James, Edward Williams, Edward Strong and 
John Burgess. Patent signed December 18, 1635.^ 

Captain Thorogood represented Elizabeth City in the Virginia 
Assembly in 1629, 1631 and 1632; was a member of the Monthly 
Court of Elizabeth City in 1632, and a member of the Virginia 
Council of State in 1637. He was President of the Court of Lower 

"He was one of the principal figures in the history of Virginia 
in the Seventeenth Centuty and left a large estate in lands and 
cattle, among the cattle being 107 goats." His will, dated February' 
17, 1639-40,' proved April 27, 1640, among other things, directed: 

■ The Visitation of Middlesex, 1663. 

» The Genealogist. New Series, Volume XIX, pp. 227, 229. 

3 The Virginia Magazine, Volume IV, p. 423. 


Rose Civile. Carlisle, England. 

"My "will and desire is that my beloved friend Captain Thomas 
Willoughbie and Mr. Hcnr>"''*i*J'a\vell here in Virginia, and my dearly 
beloved brother Sir John Thorogood, of Kensington near London, 
and Mr. Alexander Harris, my wife's uncle, li\ing on Town Hill, 
shall be overseers of this my last will and testament." ^ 

Captain Thorogood named Norfolk, Virginia, after Norfolk in 
England." Sarah, the widow of Captain Adam Thorogood, married 
second, Captain John Gookin and had issue, Sarah Gookin and 
others. She married third. Colonel Francis Yeardley, son of Sir 
George and Lady Temperance Yeardley. 

A tombstone at the site of the old church at Church Point, 
Princess Anne County, Virginia, bore this inscription in 1819: 
"Here lieth ye body of Capt John Cooking & also ye body of 
Mrs. Sarah Yardley who was wife to Capt Adam Thorogood 1st 
Capt Johij Cooking, Collonell Francis Yardley, who deceased August 
1657." 3 , 


1. Adam Thorogood, Lieutenant-Colonel, married, about 1648, Frances Yeardley, 

daughter of Colonel Argoll Yeardley.-' 

2. Anne Thorogood, married Job Chandler, member of the Council of the Province 

of Maryland. s 

3. Sarah Thorogood. 

4. ELIZABETH THOROGOOD, married Captain John Michael of Virginia, who was 

from Graft, in Holland. 

' Will Book of 1640, Clerk's Office, Portsmouth, Virginia. 

' The Virginia Magazine, Volume II, pp. 415, 422, et seq. Virginia Carolorum, pp. 71, 74, 90, 
133, 134. Bruce, Economic History of Virginia, Volume II, pp. 252, 576. Hening, Volume 
I, pp. 149, 170, 179, 1S7. William and Mary College Quarterly, Volume HI, p. 65. Bruce, 
Economic History of Virginia, Volume II, p. 299. Norfolk County Records, 1642-43, p. 
3S. Forest, History of Norfolk, Virginia, pp. 44, 45. 
Richmond Examiner, December 14, 1S19. Richmond Critic, September 21, 1889, p. 4. 

' TAe Virginia Magazine, Volume I, pp. 85, 36. Virginia Carolorum, p. 318. 

' The Virginia Magazine, V'olume III, pp. 91, 321. 




;»■'. Fifteenth Generation 

XV. John '1 horogood of Chelston Temple, Hertfordshire. 

XIV. Thomas Thorogood of the same place. 

XIII. Jolin Thorogood, son of Thomas. 

XII. John Thorogood of Frelsted, in Essex County. 

XI. William Thorogood of Grimston, Norfolk County. 

X. Captain .Adam Thorogood married Sarah Ofiley. 

IX. Elizabeth Thorogood married Captain John Michael. 

VIII. Margaret Michael married Colonel John Custis. 

VII. Elizabeth Custis married Thomas Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and Anne Upshur. 

V. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 

IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 

III. Natlianicl Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 

II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 


• 1^ 

Arms of Offley of London. 

-^^^ T'^ irvi 

^ f^^ 


Arms: Argent, on a cross Jlory between four Cornish choughs sable, 
beaked and legged gules, a lion passant guardant, or. 

Crest: A demi lion rampant per pale or and azure, collared per pale 
countercharged, and holding a branch of laurel proper. 

JOHN OFFLEY of Staffordshire, England, born circa 1460, 

married Margeiy . who married secondly, DiUarne of 


WILLIAM OFFLEY, son of John and Margery Ofiley of 
Staffordshire, born circa 1490, was twice Mayor of Stafford, and 
Sheriff of Chester in 1517. He married first, Ehzabeth Dillorne, 
and second, the widow of Rogerson, Alderman of Chester. 

As directed by the will of his son William, a monument was 
erected to his memor>' in St. Peter's Church, Chester, no trace of 
which now remains; but Ashmolc has fortunately preserved a copy 
of the inscription,- viz. : 

"Under the East window of the South He, is a faire Alabaster Monument Erected, wth 
the portraiture of a Man &,VVoman kne^Ung, unde,- who^rne ^g^^^Z'^^: ^ whome by 

Rt^laS wm^: ?[)r,^^s C^iv/^r^^ li^'d;^dW-t^ &-rd^i?^ofthe po^e, an 
vearelv exh b ition of 51 towarde the travning of some learned d.vme. being the son of a freeman 
Tthf Crtty1nlheunivsityofOxford-or Cambridge wth 51 towarde his Charge commencmg 

^'' °^ ^S: The Vthtta^nd,lde'r1he°'hire3 of their Sons & daughters, /-ut this In.ripcon: 

'He had also by his second wife William Offley, a wor 1 Cittizen of London & ^'^^ ha^t 

of the Staple who had by Anne Oftley 13 Children; who bemg blessed greate wealth, by 

his la!t w lUaye 300 1. to this Citty. being the place of his nativity, to the of young Traders . 

' The Genealogist, New Series, Volume XIX, pp. 217 to : 
' A$hmole MSS., Bodleian Library, Oxford, No. 8:>4, toll 



i-M' :.-U.:ii 

; I'.yijjj' ii'^i-i'iBin 


ordained the creccon of this Monum^ according to the discrecon of Anne Offley his loving wife 
Executrix, who faithfully accomplished the same, in the 'ycarc of of Lord 1602.'" 


1. Sir Thomas Offley, buried September 17, 15S2; married Joane Nicholls. 

2. Sir John Offley, High Sheriff of Stafford; M.P. for Stafford, and Gentleman of the 
Bedchamber to King James I; married Anne Fuller. 

3. Margaret Offley, married first, John Nicholls; second, Stephen Kirton, Alderman 
of London. 

4. Elizabeth Offley, married Thomas Blower. 

5. Margery Offlev, married first, Thomas Michell; second, James Leveson. 

6. ROBERT OFFLEY of Gracechurch Street, London; married the widow of Nicholas 

7. Thomas Offley. 

8. Richard Offley. 

9. William Offley of London; his will, dated December 21, 1600, contained this 
clause: "Item, I will that my Executors within One yeare next after my 
decease shall cawse to be made and set upp in some conveniente place of 
the parishe of Sainte Peeter in Chestar aforesaid there still to remayne one 
faire table of white AUyblaster and black marble which shall cost Thirtie 
or ffortie poundes of lawfull money of England or there aboute wherein 
shalbe fairely engraven as well the picture of my ffather and mother withall 
their children as allso such wordes and sentences wrvtten in flaire letters 
as shalbe thoughte meete and agreahle e>thcr for memorie or edification to 
be set downe by the discretion of my Executors uppon the same monu- 
mente." ' 

10. Hugh Offley. 

1 1 . Katherine Offley. 

12. Anne Offley. 

ROBERT OFFLEY of Gracechurch Street, London, Citizen 
and Haberdasher, Merchant of the Staple," son of William Offley, 
Mayor of Stafford, was born in Chester circa 1520. He was ap- 
pointed an executor of the will of his brother, Sir Thomas Offley, 
Knight, which was dated August 5, 1580. Robert Offley married 
the widow of Nicholas Rose of London. She was buried at St. 
Benet's Church, London, October 8, 1572.^ 

He survived her nearly twenty-four years and was buried at 
the same church, April 29, 1596. His will, dated April 9, 1596, was 
proved May 11th following.* 

■ TAfi Ge«fa/o£!j/, New Series, Volume XX, pp. 270, 271. 

' Formerly the king's staple was established in a number of ports or towns, and certain goods 
could not be exported without being first brought to these places to be rated and charged 
with the duty payable to the king or the public. The principal commodities on which 
customs were levied were wool, skins and leather, and these were originally the staple 

5 The Genealogist, New Series, Volume XIX, pp. 226, 227. 

* Liber Drake, folio 30, Prerogative Court of Canterbury. 

[ 136 ] 


The Stordv House, Moorhouse, Cumberland Countv, England. 


■ ■ ^1 


4' -1 > 


•^i.&»^i*i^ii*ai ." -^i 

i '-.4' '<'(i-' iL:i>fei^lgBa^!^?iifiia>*.rf*<w- 


,jf^. ROBERT OFFLEY. married, F'ebruary 3, 15SS-9, Anne Osborne, daughter of Sir 
5^5^ Edward Osborne, Knight, and Lord >Liyor of London. 

^ 2. 'Ursixa Offlky, married, May 5, 1572, Robert Brooke, Alderman of London. 

3. Elizabeth Offley, married by license, dated April 22, 1574, William Gamage of 
St. Matthew's Parish. 

ROBERT OFFLEY, son of Robert Offley of Gracechurch 
Street, London, born circa 1564, was a Turkey merchant^ of Grace- 
church Street. He married at St. Dionis, Backchurch, February 3, 
158S-9, Anne Osborne, daughter of Sir Edward Osborne, Knight, 
Lord Mayor of London in 15S3. She was baptized in St. Dionis' 
Church, Marcli 25, 1570. 

Robert Offley was buried at St. Benet's Church, May 16, 1625. 
Administration on the estate was granted to his son John Offley, 
May 27, 1625. Anne, the widow of Robert Offley, was buried in 
St. Augustine's Church, London, January 14, 1653-4.- Mer will, 
dated March 11, 1650, was proved at Westminster, February 13, 


1. Robert Offley, baptized Februarys, 15S9-90; died young. 

2. Anne Offley, baptized January 3, 1590-1. 

3. Robert Offley, baptized March 12, 1591-2; died young. 

4. John Offley, baptized March 5, 1592-3; died .-Xugust 28, 1667; married Elizabeth 


5. Edward Offley, baptized August 29, 1594; died March 11, 1650. 

6. Hewett Offley, baptized November 2, 1595; buried October 23, 1610. 

7. Robert Offley, baptized May 23, 1599. 

8. Susan Offley, baptized October 26, 1600; married Henry Hastings. 

9. Thomas Offley, baptized February 14, 1601-2. 

10. Stephen Offley', married Ursula Clarke. 

11. Abigail Offley, baptized October 4, 1604. 

12. Elizabeth Offlky, baptized February 12, 1606-7; married first, November 9, 

1631, William Clark; married' second, Benoni, si.xth son of Sir Thomas 

13. SARAH OFFLEY, baptized at St. Benet's Church, London, April 16, 1609; married 

first, in St. .Anne's Church, Blackfriars, I,ondon, July IS, 1627, Captain 
Adam Thorogood. She married second, Captain John Gookin; third, 
Colonel Francis Y'eardley. 

14. Katherinf, Offley, married, January 3, 1614-15, John Baker of the Inner Temple. 

The Turkey trade, commenced in the year 1550, was most lucrative at the time and long after- 
ward. The Turkey or Levant Company of London was instituted by charter of Queen 
Elizabeth in 1579. 
' As ".^nne Offley, the mother of Mr. Stephen Offley." 
Liber Alchin, folio 170, Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Somerset House, London. 
The Genealogist, New Series, Volume XIX, pp. 227, 223, 229. The Visitalion of the County 
of Essex, 1664. 
' The will of Anne Offley, 1653, as above mentioned. 



^afS^ Fourteenth Generation 

« "^- XIV. John Offley of Staffordshire. 

XIII. William Otfley, Mayor of Stafford. 

XII. Robert Offley of London. 

XI. Robert Offley married Anne Osborne. 

X. Sarah Offley married Captain Adam Thorogood. 

IX. Elizabeth Thorogood married Captain John Michael. 

VIII. Margaret Michael married Colonel John Custis. 

VII. Elizabeth Custis married Thomas Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and Anne Upshur. 

V. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 

IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 

III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 

II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 

< I. William Welsh Harrison. 

---^ ^^^ 

London Bridge in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, Anno Domini, 1563 


'! t.m;! :v 

-♦•^^•■■X' ...vy \ 

Arms of Osborne of London. 





- ) 

IR i-( 


Arms: Quarterly: i and 4. Quarterly ermine and azure, a cross or. 2. Ar- 
gent, two bars gules, on a quarter of the second a cross of the first; 
in chief a crescent of the last for difference, j. Argent, a chn'ron vert 
bet-ween three annulets gules. 

Crest: An heraldic tiger passant or, tufted- and maned sable, charged with 
an ogress. 

RICHARD OSBORNE of Ashford, in County Kent, England, 
born about the year 1480, married Elizabeth Fyldene of the same 

"The town of Ashford is pleasantly situated. It adjoins Hoth- 
field eastward, and in the Domesday Book is written both Estefort 
and Essetesford, and in other records Esshetesford. The family of 
Osborne, Duke of Leeds, was of this place. The church, dedicated 
to St. jMary, is a large handsome building." - . 1 .. ■ 

RICHARD OSBORNE of Ashford, son of Richard Osborne 
and Elizabeth Fyldene, was born about 1510. He married Jane 
Broughtpn, daughter of John Broughton, Esquire, of Broughton in 
Westmoreland, and sister and heiress of Edward and Lancelyn 
Broughton. ^ -: : ■ ., ■; 


1. SIR EDWARD OSBORNE, Knight, married first, .^nne Hewett; married second, 

Margaret Chapman. 

2. Thom.^s Osborne. 


' Collin's Peerage of England, Volume I, p. 235. 

' Ireland's History 0/ Kent, Volume 11, pp. 390, 392. 


.1 irii.jiy 

SIR EDWARD OSBORNE, son of Richard Osborne and Jane 
^Brouohton, was born about the year 1540. "Discovering a genius 

f.-for mercantile alfairs, whicli about that time began to tiourish, he was 
pnt apprentice to Sir Wilham Hewet. of the clothworkers company 
one of the most considerable merchants in London, and possessed of 
an estate of £6,000 a year. 

"And whilst he lived in that capacity, Sir William's only 
daughter and child, Anne, having been accidentally dropped by the 
maid playing with her in her arms, from the window of his house on 
London-bridge, into the Thames, almost beyond expectation of 
being saved, he immediately leaped into the river and brought her 
safe out. 

r<oi "^^^ Edward afterwards had the said Anne in marriage [in 
1562J, and with her got an estate in the parish of Barking in Essex 
together with lands in the parishes of Wales and Harthill in York- 
shire." ' 

Sir Edward "dwelled in Philpott Lane in Sir William Hewett's 
house," according to the list of Mayors of London in the tyme of 
Qriccjic Elizabeth. "He was Sheriff of London in 1575, and Lord 
Mayor in 1582, when he was knighted at Westminster. He served 
m Parliament for the City of London, 1585."- 

"Sir Edw. Osborne, Lord Mayor, drinks unto Alderman 
MASSA.M AS Sheriff of Lond." ^ 

"In the Year 1583, one Day in the Month of July, there were 
tvvo great Feasts at London, one at Grocers' Hall, and another at 
Haberdashers' Hall, (as perhaps there was in all the rest upon some 
pubhck Occasion.) Sir Edward Osborne, Mayor, and divers of 
his Brethren, the Aldermen, with the Recorder, were at Haber- 
dasher's Hall; where the said Mayor, after the second Course was 
come in, took the great standing Cup, the gift of Sir William Garret, 
being full of Hypocrase, and Silence being commanded through all 
the Tables, all Men being bare-headed, my Lord openly, with a 
convenient loud \^oice, used these Words: '^Ir. Recorder of London, 
and you my good Brethren the Aldermen, bear Witness that I do 
drink unto Mr. Alderman Massam, as Sheriff of London and Middle- 
sex, from Michaelmas next coming, for one whole Year; and I do 
beseech God to give him as quiet and peaceable a Year, with as good 
and gracious Favour of her Majesty, as I myself, and my Brethren 

Collin's Peerage of England, Volume I, p. 235. 
' Collin's Peerage of England, Volume I, p. 235. 
Maitland's History of London, Volume I, p. 268. 


Carlisle, England. 
From Rickerbv Park. 

vm"^ i*!Vfmm^'9»trs(^jnvf»f 

■ -«= ii 

iM ^- 

f - o: 

-I „ 


1 1 


II I' 


ii \ 

■m V 



the Sheriffs now being, liave hitlicito had, and as I trust sliall ha\-e.' 
This spoken, all Men desired the same. The Sword-Bcarer in Haste 
went to the Grocers' Feast, where 'Sir. Alderman Massam was at 
Dinner, and did openly declare the Words that my Lord-}>Iayor had 
used; whereunto Silence made, and all being hush, the Alderman 
answered very modestly in this Sort: 'First, I thank God, who 
through his great Goodness, hath called me from a ver\' poor and 
mean Degree unto this worshipful State. Secondly, I thank her 
Majesty for her gracious Goodness in allowing to us these great 
and ample Franchises. And Thirdl}-, I thank my Lord-Mayor for 
having so honourabile an Opinion of this my Company of Grocers, 
as to make choice of me, being a poor Member of the same.' And 
this said, both he and all the Company pledged my Lord, and gave 
him Thanks." 

As the host of another dinner, held on the abandoned ship 
Pelican, in which Sir Francis Drake visited the New World, Charles 
Kingsley has immortalized this ancestor in fiction: 

"The Lord Mayor is giving a dinner to certain gentlemen of the Leicester House party, 
who are interested in foreign discoveries; and v.hat place so tit for such a feast as the Pelican 

"Look at the men all round; a nobler company you will seldom see. Especially too, if 
you be Americans, look at their faces, and reverence them; for to them and to their wisdom 
you owe the existence of your mighty fatherland. 

"At the head of the table sits the Lord .Mayor; whom all readers will recognize at once, 
for he is none other than that famous Sir Edward Osborne, clothworker, and ancestor of the 
Duke of Leeds, whose romance is in every one's hands. He is aged, but not changed, since he 
leaped from the window upon London Bridge into the roaring tide below, to rescue the infant 
who is now his wife. The chivalry and promptitude of the 'prentice boy have grown and hard- 
ened into the thoughtful daring of the wealthy merchant adventurer. There he sits, a right 
kingly man, with my lord Earl of Cumberland on his right hand, and Walter Raleigh on liis 
left; the three talk together in a low voice on the chance of there being vast and rich countries 
still undiscovered between Florida and the River of Canada. Raleigh's half-scientific decla- 
mation, and his often quotations of Doctor Dee the conjuror, have less effect on Osborne than 
on Cumberland (who tried many an adventure to foreign parts, and failed in all of them; ap- 
parently for the simple reason that instead of going himself, he sent other people), and Raleigh 
is fain^to call to his help the quiet student who sits on hi? left hand, Richard Haklu>t, of Oxford." ' 

Anne, the wife of Sir Edward Osborne, was buried in the church 
of St. Martin's Orgars, London, July 14, 1585. He married second, 
at St. Dionis', Backchurch, London, September 15, 1588, Margaret 
Chapman of St. Olave's, Southwark, by whom there was no issue. 

Sir Edward was buried in St. Dionis', Backchurch, February' 14, 
1591-2. His widow, Margaret, married second, in the same church, 
April 10, 1592, Robert Clarke, Baron of the Exchequer. She was 
buried in the said church, May 20, 1602.= 

' Westward Hoi Charles Kingsley, Chapter XVL 
' Collin's Peerage of England, Volume \, p. 236. 

141 ] 



1. Sir Hewett Osborne, born 1567. KniRlited by the Earl of Essex, at Menoth, in 

Ireland, 1599; married Joice, daiijjhter of Thomas Fleetwood of the Vache, 
Bucks, Esquire; Master of the Mint. Sir Edward Osborne, son of Sir Hewett, 
married first, Margaret Fauconberi;; second, Anne Walmsley, by whom he 
had Sir Thomas Osborne, created Duke of Leeds. 

2. Edward Osborne, died unmarried in 1625. 

3. ANNE OSBORNE, baptized in St. Dionis", Backchurch, March 25, 1570; married 

in same church, February 3, lSSS-9, Robert Olticy of London.' 

4. Alice Osborne, married Sir John Peyton of Iselham, in County Cambridge, Knight 

and Baronet. 

Fourteenth Gener.\tion 

XIV. Richard Osborne married Elizabeth Fyldene. 

XIII. Richard Osborne married Jane Broufjhton. 

XII. Sir Edward Osborne married Anne Hewett. 

XI. Anne Osborne married Robert Oftley. 

X. Sarah Offley married Captain Adam Thorogood. 

IX. Elizabeth Thorogood married Captain John Michael. 

VIII. Margaret Michael married Colonel John Custis. 

VII. Elizabeth Custis married Thomas Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and Anne Upshur. 

V. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 

IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel VVaples. 

III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 

II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 

Foster's Yorkshire Pedigrees, Volume II. 

[142 1 

Arms of Hewett of Londor 

bVVi i 

is_ t>- ^^'--^ . 



..111 >iA.-I! 
1- 'a1;.<Ji ti 


Arms: Azure, on a Jesse flory counterjlory, between three lions passant 
guardant or, as many birds sable. 

NICHOLAS HEWETT of the county of York, England, 
living in the year 1490, was the first known ancestor of this family, 
as shown by the Familiae Mimriim Gentium,^ \'olume HI, page 

EDMUND HEWETT, son of the above Nicholas, was of 
Wales in Yorkshire. The parish of Wales, eight miles south-south- 
east from Rotherham, is partly within the liberty of St. Peter's,_ in 
the East Riding of Yorkshire, but chiefly in the Southern Division 
of the wapentake of Strafforth and Tickhill, in the West Riding. 


1. SIR WILLIAM HEWETT, married Elizabeth Lcveson. ' ' 

2. Thomas Hewett of Bilby, in Derbyshire. ■' 

SIR WILLIAM HEWETT, son of Edmund, was Alderman 
and Lord Mayor of London in 1559. He married Elizabeth, da_ughter 
of Nicholas Leveson, Sheriff of London.- About the year 1558, he 
was possessed of the Manor of Jenkins in the Hundred of Becontree 
in Esse-x.^ His residence in London was for a time on London Bridge, 
but according to the manuscript record of the Mayors of London 
in the lyme of Qiieene Elizabeth, prepared in 1609, "he dwelled in 
Philpott Lane by Fanchurch Streete," * in the year 1566. 

' Harleian Publicalions, Volume XXXIX. 
■ Harleian MSS., 1349, folio 30. 
' Morant's History of Essex, p. 3. 
< HarUian MSS.,'\3i9, folio 30. 


T lY/ap 

,-> v_-.<mA r-.--,:-,\ 15 if^ 

7/:!.! -A-'Oirjf^: 

TT-;-.7.^i; I ■ .iJ (iv; 


During his time and long afterwards, London Bridge was 
covered with dwellings, in one of which Sir William sometime li\-ed; 
concerning which this anecdote, previously referred to, has been pre- 
ser\'ed : 

"The Accident to Sir William Hewet's Daughter."' [1559] 

"The Mayor at this Time was that eminent Citizen and Cloth- 
worker Sir William Hewet, the Son of Edmund Hewet, of Wales in 
Yorkshire. This Knight was possessed of an Estate, Value 6,000 1. 
per Annum, at his Death, and was blessed with an Issue of three 
Sons and one Daughter; of which Daughter we ha\-e the following 
Tradition from the most noble Family of the Duke of Leeds: Sir 
William, her Father, living at that Time on London-Bridge, it hap- 
pened that the Maid-Serv-ant, as she was diverting the Infant-Miss 
on the Edge of an open Window-, accidentally let her drop into the 
Thames, and, to all Appearance, without Hope of being saved: But 
a young Gentleman, named Osborne, then Apprentice to Sir William 
the Father, and one of the Ancestors of the Duke of Leeds in a direct 
Line, seeing the Accident, immediately leaped into the River after 
her boldly, and brought the Child out safe, to the great Joy of its 
Parents, and Admiration of the Spectators. This brave and friendly 
Action so engaged the Affections of Sir William the Infant's Father, 
that, when she was grown to Woman's Estate, and asked in Marriage 
by several Persons of Quality, especially by the Earl of Shrewsbury, 
the Knight rejected all their advantageous Proposals, and, with a 
deep Sense of Gratitude, betrothed his Daughter, with a very great 
Dowry, to her Deliverer, and with this emphatical Declaration, 
'Osborne saved her, and Osborne shall enjoy her.' Part of the 
Estate given with her in Marriage was the Estate of Sir Thomas 
Fanshaw, late of Barkin in Essex, and several other Lands now enjoyed 
by the most noble Family of the Duke of Leeds, in the Parishes of 
Harthill and Wales, in the County of York. This remarkable Stor>' 
is represented in a Painting, carefully preserved by that most noble 

Sir William Hewett died "January' 21, 1566-7, and was buried 
in the church of St. Martin Orgar, of which he was a parishioner, in 
the ward of Candlewick Street, near Alice," his beloved wife, according 
to his will, dated on the 27th of that month, wherein he constituted 
his said daughter, with her husband, Edward Osborne, Thomas Huet 
his brother, of Bilby in Derbyshire, Esquire, and his nephew Henr>' 
Hewet, executors." 

' Maitland's History of London (1756), Volume I, p. 254. 
* A second wife. 



Arms of Leveson of Willenhal 

;i <^/- '// //y^y/^y^//^ 

Leve-son ^o/^/^i//f?/i/?a//. 

"He was a benefactor to divers of tlic hospitals in London, and 
to the poor of the several parishes. He bequeathed to the poor in 
the hospital of St. Thomas in Southwark, whereof he was President, 
20 1. and to eveiy poor maiden's marriage, that shall be wedded in 
the parish of Wales, or Harthill, in county Ebor,^ within a year after 
his decease, vi s. viii d. each. He bequeathed to his nephews, Henry 
and William Huet, sons of his brother Thomas Huet, his mansion and 
dwelling in Philpott-Lane in London." - 


1. John Hewett. 

2. Solomon Hewett. '., i - ,,■ \\ ,]■,, 

3. Thomas Hewett. ^ , ''[ 

4. William Hewett. ' ' - ' • 

5. Mary Hewett. ' ■' •' ' 

6. Elizabeth Hewett. 

7. ANXE HEWETT, married Sir Edward Osborne. 


Fiftee.vth Generation , i " 

XV. Nicholas Hewett of Yorkshire. ' ' ' 

XIV. Edmund Hewett of Wales, Yorkshire. '' 

Xin. Sir William Hewett married Elizabeth Leveson. 

XII. Anne Hewett married Sir Edward Osborne. 

XI. Anne Osborne married Robert Ofliey. ■ . 

X. Sarah Oftley married Captain .-\dam Thorogood. 

IX. Elizabeth Thorogood married Captain John Michael. 

VIII. Margaret Michael married Colonel John Custis. 

VII. Elizabeth Custis married Thomas Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and .Anne Upshur. 

V. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 

IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 

III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 

II. Sarah .Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 

I. WilUam Welsh Harrison. 


' Collin's Peerage of England, Volume I, pp. 235. 2>6. 



Arms of Leveson of Willenhall: Azure, three holly leaves or. 
Crest: A goat's head erased ermine, attired or. 

JOHN LEVESON of Willenhall, Staffordshire, England, who 
was living in the tenth and the forty-third years of the reign of King 
Edward the Third (1357-1370), was the son of Richard Leveson of 
the same place, who was living in the thirty-third \'ear of Edward 
the First and the sixth year of Edward the Second (1305-1313). 
The said Richard was the son of Richard Leveson of Willenhall, by 
his wife Margery Clements of Wolverhampton, in Staffordshire. 
The last-named Richard was the son of John Leveson of Willenhall, 
who was the son of Richard Leveson by his wife Agnes, daughter of 
William Clement. This last-named Richard, the first of the family 
on record, was living at Willenhall in the 3'ear 1299. 

Willenhall, written in the Domesday Book, Winehale, signify- 
ing, in Saxon, victon,', was so called perhaps from the battle fought 
in or near there in the year 91 I.- 
John Leveson, first mentioned above, by his wife Agnes had: 

RICHARD LEVESON of Willenhall, living in the years 1361 
and 1409, married Johanna, daughter of John de Rushall. 

NICHOLAS LEVESON of Prestwood and Wolverhampton, 
Staffordshire, son of Richard Leveson and Johanna dc Rushall, was 
living in the second year of the reign of King Henry the Fourth and 
the thirty-eighth year of King Henr>- the Sixth (1401-1460). 

He "changed the paternal coat ol his family from, Azure, three 
laurel leaves erect or, to. Quarterly, azure and gules, three sinister hands 
coiiped at the wrist arge>it, which coat was continued by his des- 
cendants." ^ 

In the chancel of the church of Wolverhampton is a statue of 
brass, "in honour of Richard Leveson, an admiral, who served under 

■ Additional MSS., 5524, folio 200-b. Harkian ^fSS., 1077, folio 105-b, British Museum. 
' Erdeswick's History of Staffordshire, pp. 409, 410. 
' Hasted's History of Kent, Volume I, p. 480. 

[ 146 ] 

Arms of Levcson of Wolverhampton. 

:lir.'^Kni .,/■' -.-li^lUin'H^^^ 



Arms of Lcveson of London. 

::^. c%'^" .t> on K'/ ;i^..; . ■7,;' o 


^f\^ c?^§^»CrN, 



cve^on a 

Sir Francis Drake against the Spanish Armada. Here are monu- 
ments to the memory of John Lcveson, in armour, wiio died in 1575." ' 

Nicholas Leveson married Maud or Matilda, daughter of John 
Prestwood, Esquire. 

RICHARD LEVESON of Prestwood and Wolverhampton, 
armiger, son of Nicholas Leveson and ]\LTud Prestwood, was living 
in the thirty-eighth year of Henr>- the Sixth (1460). His wife's 
name was Joanna. 

NICHOLAS LEVESON of Prestwood, son of Richard and 
Joanna, was living in the year 1482. By his wife Hillaiy, he had: 

RICHARD LEVESON of Prestwood, Esquire, living in the 
seventh and eighteenth years of King Henrj' the Seventh (1492- 
1503), had sons, John, Nicholas and James. The last named son 
was a merchant of the staple in Wolverhampton and Lillehall; b}' 
his first wife he had a daughter, Mary, wife of Sir George Curzon of 
Croxall, who became his heir. From her descended the Duke of 
Dorset and the Earl of Thanet.- 

NICHOLAS LEVESON of Hailing and Whornes Place, in 
Kent, second son of Richard Leveson of Prestwood, succeeded to 
the estate of his brother John, who died without issue. Nicholas 
was Sheriff of London in 1534.^ 

About the year 155S he purchased his estate at Hailing and 
"Whornes Place," and made the latter his seat. Whornes Place, 
usually called Home's Place, is in Cookstone Parish, situated close 
to the bank of the River Medway. It was erected by William 
Whorne, Knight, who had been Lord Mayor of London in 1487.* 

Nicholas Leveson married Dionysia, daughter of Thomas 
Bodley, Esquire, of Black Notley, in Essex. The coat-of-arms of 
Nicholas Leveson of London, was: Azicre, a fess nebiilce argent, 
between three leaves or, quartering argent, a chevron gules between 
three ciyiquefoils pierced sable. Crest: A goat's head erased argent, 
attired or.'' 

"Queen Mary, May 7th, in the first year of her reign, let to 
farm, to Dionysia Leveson, widow, all that the scite of the free 
chapel of St. Lawrence in Hailing, with several pieces of land lately 
belonging to it in Hailing and Snodland in county Kent, containing 
fifteen acres of land or thereabouts, to hold for twenty-one years at 
the yearly rent of twelve shillings and six pence." ^ 

■ Erdeswick's History of Staffordshire, p. 332. 
' Erdc5wick's. History of Staffordshire, p. 27. 
' Hasted's History of Kent, Volume 1, p. 478. 
' Hasted's History of Kent. Volume I, p. 482. 
s Harleian MSS., 1077, folio 105-b. 
' Hasted's History of Kent, Volume I, p. 480. 



i:;,.--! ,;.vj.:>/-;.".-i'; 

i ■■ : : :, 


■ ri 1 


1 , • ., 



'..•h ; 

:■' -.Mi iiiJ,' ^r-'u: :-;,( 

Dionvsia, the widow of Nicholas Leveson, died September 10, 
1561, "being possessed of the manor of Black Notley, and of ten 
messuages, four hundred acres of arable, one hundred acres of 
meadow, five hundred acres of pasture, two hundred acres of wood, 
and ten pounds rent in the parishes of Black Notley and White 
Notley, as also of three other messuages, three gardens, three tofts, 
one hundred acres of arable land, twelve of meadow, twenty of 
pasture, twelve of alder, sixty of wood, £3, 5, 2, of rent and two 
capons, in Black Notley, Great and Little Leighs and Fayrsted, 
holden of the Queen, as of her manor of Pleshie, parcel of the Duchy 
of Lancaster, in free socage, value £40 per annum." ^ 


1. Dorothea Leveson, married William Streate of Essex County. 

2. Mary Leveson, married Edmund Calthrope. 

3. William Leveson, died without issue. 

4. Nicholas Leveson, third son. . ,• , . 

5. John Leveson, married Baron, and died without issue, before his lather. 

6*. Thomas Leveson of Hailing, in Kent, married Ursula, daughter of Sir John Greshani, 

Knight, of Surrev. . , , ,, 

7. ELIZABETH LEVESO.N, married Sir William Hewett, Knight, Lord Mayor of 


Twenty-fourth Gener.\tion 

XX IV. Richard Leveson married .Agnes Clement. 

XXIII. John Leveson of Willenhall. 

XXII. Richard Leveson married Margeria Clement. 

XXI. Richard Leveson of Willenhall. 

XX. John Leveson married Agnes. 

XIX. Richard Leveson married Johanna de Rushall. 

XVIII. Nicholas Leveson married Matilda Prcstwood. 

XVII. Richard Leveson married Joanna. 

XVI. Nicholas Leveson married Miliaria. 

XV. Richard Leveson, son of Nicholas. 

XIV. Nicholas Leveson married Dionvsia Bodley. 

XIII. Elizabeth Leveson married Sir William Hewett. 

XII. Anne Hewett married Sir Edward Osborne. 

XI. .^nne Osborne married Robert Offley. 

X. Sarah Oftlev married Captain Adam Thorogood. 

IX. Elizabeth Thorogood married Captain John Michael. 

VIII. Margaret Michael married Colonel John Custis. 

VII. Elizabeth Custis married Thomas Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and Anne Upshur. 

V. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 

IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 

III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. _ 

II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 

Inquisition Postmortem, 3d year of Queen Elizabeth. September 1st. Morant s Hntory of 

Essex, Volume II, p. 123. 
Harleian MSS., 1077, folio 105-b. Additional MSS., 5524, folio 200-b. 


Bodley Coat of Arms. 

%i.:-- •: ^ 


-'^^'^ : y-S^-^i:'-^' 


"^- e- 



Arms: Argent, five martlets in saltier sable, on a chief azure, three 

crowns or} 
Crest: On a torse or and azure, on a field azure, a croii'n or, vnthin the 

sunbeams, engrailed proper. 

THOMAS BODLEY of Dunscombe, in Creditou, Devonshire, 
England, married Joan, daughter of Dennis Leech of WelHngborough, 

Of this family and of a later generation, was Sir Thomas 
Bodley, founder of the Bodleian Library at Oxford. Lawrence 
Bodley, brother of Sir Thomas, was Doctor of Divinity and Canon 
Resident of St. Peter's of Exeter. Another brother. Sir Josias, was 
"a skilful and valiant leader in the Irish wars against Tyrone and 
Don John de Aquila." ^ 

The market town and parish of Crediton, in the hundred of 
Crediton, is eight miles northwest from Exeter. It is pleasantly 
situated in a vale near the Greedy, which unites with the river Exe, 
between Crediton and Exeter. Crediton was for many years the 
seat of a diocese, of which a collegiate church, founded there in the 
year 905, and dedicated to the Holy Cross, became a cathedral.* 

After the death of Thomas Bodley, his widow, Joan, married 
Sir Thomas Bradburv, Knight, who was Lord Mavor of London in 
1509.^ Sir Thomas Bradbur}' died January 9, 1509-10, leaving a 
large estate in the Manor of Baads or Dounsels, parish of South- 
weald, Essex.® 

Joan surv'ived her second husband, Sir Thomas Bradbur>^ 
and died May 11, 1530, possessed of the Manor of Black Notley, in 
Essex County, "and of other lands in White Notley, both the Lees, 

' A View of Devonshire in 16^0, p. 501. 

' Harleian MSS., 1546, folio 127. 

^ A View 0/ Devonshire, pp. 120, 129. 

< Lewis' Topographical Dictionary 0/ England, Volume I. 

'Morant's History of Essex, 176S, Volume II, p. 123. Harleian MSS.. 1546, folio 127. The 

Visitation of Hertfordshire, 1572 and 1634. 
' Morant's History of Essex, Volume I, p. 121. 

[ 149 1 

Felstead and Fairstead, of the yearly value of forty marks, holden 
of the King, as of his Duchy of Lancaster; being then a widow." ' 


1. James Bodley, died before his mother, leaving a son, John Bodley, who was his 

grandmother's heir. 

2. DIONYSIA BODLEY, married Nicholas Levcson, Sheriff of London in 1531. 

Fifteenth Generation 

XV. Thomas Bodley married Joan Leech. 

XIV. Dionysia Bodley married Nicholas Leveson. 

XIII. Elizabeth Leveson married Sir William Hewett. 

XII. Anne Hewett married Sir Edward Osborne. 

XI. Anne Osborne married Robert Oftley. 

X. Sarah Ofllcy married Captain .-\dam Thorogood. 

IX. Elizabeth Thorogood married Captain John Michael. 

VIII. Margaret Michael married Colonel John Custis. 

VII. Elizabeth Custis married Thomas Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and ."^nne Upshur. 

V. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 

IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 

III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 

II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 

Morant's History of Essex, Volume II, p. 123. 
Morant's History of Essex, Volume II, p. 123. 



Arms of Prestwood of Prestwood. 

rr-i-^'v- ^fn>i 



Arms: Azure, a chevron gules between three citiqitefoils sable. 

JOHN PRESTWOOD/ armiger, of Prestwood, in Stafford- 
shire, England, son of John, grandson of John and great-grandson of 
Henry Prestwood, bore the coat-of-arms as above described. 

Prestwood stands upon the north side of Smestall Brook, 
about a mile below Swinford. "It should seem to be a member of 
Swinford Regis, and that both ]Mon.'e, Pensenet Chase, Ashwood, 
and a great part of that country', are within the forest of Kinfare."^ 

1. MATILDA PRESTWOOD, married Nicholas Leveson of Prestwood, 


Twenty-second Generation 

XXII. Henry Prestwood. ,, , 

XXI. John Prestwood. 

XX. John Prestwood. 

XIX. John Prestwood. 

XVIII. Matilda Prestwood married Nicholas Leveson. 

XVII. Richard Leveson married Joanna. 

XVI. Nicholas Leveson married Hillaria. 

XV. Richard Loveson of Prestwood. 

XIV. Nicholas Leveson married Dionvsia Bodley. 

Xni. Elizabeth Leveson married Sir William Hewett. 

XIL Anne Hewett married Sir Edward Osborne. 

XL Anne Osborne married Robert Offley. 

X. Sarah Oftlev married Captain Adam Thorogood. 

IX. Elizabeth Thorogood married Captain John Michael. 

Vin. Margaret Michael married Colonel John Custis. 

VII. Elizabeth Custis married Thomas Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and .Anne Upshur. 

V. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 

IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 

III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 

II. Sarah .'\nn Waples married George Leib Harrison. 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 

Additional MSS., 5524, folio 200-b, British Museum. 
Erdeswick's History of Staffordshire, p. 373. 



Arms: Ermine, a lion rampant sable, a border engrailed of the last. 

HENRY DE RUSHALL, armiger,- of Wolverhampton, in Staf- 
fordshire, England, was living about the year 1275. The family 
had been long seated near here, as King Henr}^ H (1154-1189) gave 
Rowley in Stafford to Richard de Rushall, and King John (1199- 
1216) confirmed it to Richard de Rushall, his son.^ 

RICHARD DE RUSHALL, armiger, son of the above Henr>', 
had issue: 

JOHN DE RUSHALL, son of Richard de Rushall, as above, 
had issue: 

JOHN DE RUSHALL, armiger, son of the above John, had 
issue : 

JOHANNA DE RUSHALL, daughter of the above John, 
married Richard Leveson of Willenhall, Staffordshire. 


Twenty-third Generation 

XXIH. Henry de Rushall of Wolverhampton, Staflfordshire. 

XXH. Richard de Rushall, armiger, son of Henry. 

XXI. John de Rushall, son of Richard. 

XX. John de Rushall, armiger, son of John. 

XIX. Johanna de Rushall, married Riclnard Leveson. 

XVIII. Nicholas Leveson married .Matilda Prestwood. 

XVII. Richard Leveson married Joanna. 

XVI. Nicholas Leveson married Hillaria. 

XV. Richard Leveson, son of Nicholas. 

XIV. Nicholas Leveson married Dionysia Bodley. 

XIII. Elizabeth Leveson married Sir William Hewett. 

XII. Anne Hewett married Sir Edward Osborne. 

XI. Anne Osborne married Robert Offley. 

X. Sarah Oftley married Captain Adam Thorogood. 

IX. Elizabeth Thorogood married Captain John Michael. 

VIII. Margaret Michael married Colonel John Custis. 

VII. Elizabeth Custis married Thomas Custis. 

VI. Major John Custis married Susanna and Anne Upshur. 

v. Major Thomas Custis married Cassandra Wise. 

IV. Anne Custis married Colonel Samuel Waples. 

III. Nathaniel Waples married Lydia Leib Riley. 

II. Sarah Ann Waples married George Leib Harrison. 

I. William Welsh Harrison. 

Additional MSS., No. 5524, folio 200-b, British Museum. 
' A warrior. 
Erdeswick's History of Stafford, pp. 344, 345. 


Arms of De Rushall. 

{^;!)^■\ ':'{■■ :, A 

y ^ .w-^'^r^ 

V^^^/?^/Z ^ 


Agas, Edward, 118 

Agnew, General, 77 

Allen, William, 16 , , .., : 

Ames, John, 119 

Anderson, Comfort (Taylor), 109 

Mary (Wise), 109 

Naomi (Makcmie), 109 

Colonel William, 109 
Andrews, Benajah, 10 

William, S3, 119 
Annan, Dr., 55 
Are, Richard, 7 

Arlington, Lord, 91, 92, 120 , ; .,(1 

Arundel; Philip, Earl of, 2 
Audenreid, J. Thomas, 51 

Bachc, Richard, 54 

Bacon, Benjamin, 3 .. , 

David, 10 

Mary (Haryson, King), 3 

Nathaniel, 92 
Bagaly, Elizabeth, 115 

Garvas, 115 
Bagwell, Anne (Burton), 85, 86 

Francis, 84, 86 

Thomas, 84 i , 

William, 79 
Baker, John, 54, 137 

Katherine (Offley), 137 
Bally, Richard, Jr., 120 . 

Baltimore, Fifth Lord, 98 
Banks, Richard, 89 
Barker, Job, 71, 85 

John, 70 

Mary, 71 
Barlowe, , 114 

Catherine (West, Scarburgh, Bowman), 

Ralph, 114 
Barnes, Joseph, 9 

Baron, (Leveson), 148 

Barton, Benjamin Smith, M.D., 21, 22 
Bartram, George, 56 
Bawne, John, 6 

Sarah (Harrison), 5, 6, 52 
Bayley, John, 101 

Bayly, Richard, 119 

Thomas M., 78, 79 
Beamard, Nicholas, 87 ■ ■ 

Bcdwell, Thomas, 85 
Benezet, Anthony, 9 

John, 54 

Philip, 13 
Bennett, Governor Richard, 120 
Benson, Ajnes, 64 

Anna (Gill), 65, 66 

Anna (Harrison), 7 

Anthony, 64 

Elizabeth, 64 

Elizabeth (Harrison), 65 

Elizabeth (Sawrey), 64 

Elizabeth (Thomlinson), 64 

Frances, 64 

Francis, 7, 64, 65, 66 

George, 64 

Hannah (Harrison), 6, 7, 8, 9, 52, 65, 66 

Hugh, 64 

Jannet, 64 

John, 64, 65 

Margaret (Braithwaite), 64 

Margaret (SandJ^), 64 

Mary, 64, 65 

Nicholas, 64 

Richard, 64 

Robert, 12, 64, 132 

S., 12 

Sarah (Saul), 65 

Thomas, 64 

William, 64 
Berkeley, Governor William, 120 

Sir WilLam, 92 
Berkley, Lord, 117 
Betton and Harrison, 15, 16, 17 
Betton, Dr., 56 

Samuel, 15, 16, 17 
Bevan, Dr. D., 51 
Biddle, Charles, 55, 56 

Clement, 13 

Owen, 54 
Black, William, 112 
Blake, Edward, 132 
Blower, Elizabeth (Offley), 136 


Blower, Thomas, 136 

BocIIey, Dionysia (Lcvcson), 147, 148, 150, 
151, 152 

James, 149, 150 

Joan (Leech, Bradbury), 149, 150 

John, 150 

Sir Josias, 149 

Lawrence, 149 

Thomas, 147, 149, 150 

Sir Thomas, 149 
Bollman, Elizabeth (NL\on), 18 

Dr. Eric, IS 
Bonnie Prince Cliarhe, S 
Bowdoin, Peter, 105 
Bowen, Gaynor, 63 

Bowman, Catherine (West, Barlowe, Scar- 
burgh), 114 

Major Edmund, 114 

Sarah (Littleton), 124 
Boys, John, 90 
Bradbury, Joan (Leech, Bodley), 149, 150 

Sir Thomas, 149 
Bradford, William, 54 
Bradhurst, Elizabeth, 110 

John, 93, 95 
Braithwaite, James, 64 

Margaret (Benson), 64 
Bridges, Robert, 54 
Brissot, L P. de Warville, 13 
Broadhurst, Captain John, 103 

Madam, 98 
Brooke, Robert, 28, 137 

Ursula (Offley), 13 7 
Broughton, Edward, 139 

Jane (Osborne), 139, 140, 142 

John, 139 

Lancelyn, 139 
Brounrigge, Ann (Haryson), 3 
Brown, Sarah (Upshur), 98, 104, 105 

William, 10 
Browne, Anne (Preeson, Hamilton), 98 

Devercux, 90, 91, 100, 121, 125 

Edmond, 90 

Martha, 90 

Robert, 68, 69 

Tabitha (Scarburgh, Smart, Custis, 
Hill), 89, 90, 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, 100, 
102, 104, 105, 115, 120, 121, 122, 124, 
125, 126, 127 
Budd, Levi, 54 
Bundick, John, 125 

Ralph, 125 

Thomas, 125 
Burden, Jesse R., 30 

Burdetl, Alicia (Walker, Travellor, Custis), 
89, 90 

William, 90 
Burgess, John, 132 
Burk, Rev. Jesse Y., 41 
Burr, Aaron, 18 
Burton, Anne (Bagwell), 85, 86 

Bethsheba, 79 

Catherine, 84, 85, 86 

Comfort, 84, 85, 86 

Comfort (Prcttyman, Walker), 85, 86 

Cornelius, 85 

Elizabeth, 84, 86 

Elizabeth (Burton, Prettyman), 84, 85. 

Jacob, 85 

Joseph, 84, 85, 86 

Mary (Waplcs), 71, 73, 74, 81, S3, 86, 87 

Patience (Waples), 85, 86 

Robert, 71, 84, 85, 86 

Robert, Sen., 85, S6 

Samuel, 84, 86 

Sarah, 84, 85, 86 

Sarah (Prettyman), S5, 86 

William, 75, 84, S5 
Butler, Hannah (Scarburgh^, 109, 110, 117, 
118, 121, 122 

Robert 117, 118 
Byrd, Lucy (Parke), 97 

William, 92 

Colonel William, 97 

Cadwalader, John, 54, 59, 62 

Richard M., 31 
Caldcleugh and Thomas, 21 
Callahan, E., 29 
Calthrope, Edmund, 148 

Mary (Leveson), 148 
Calvert, Benedict, 98 

Charles, 98 

Eleanor (Custis), 98 

Family, 70, 71, 85 
Carey, Elizabeth (Waples), 73 

Thomas, 75 
Carlee, Eleanor, 101 
Carmalt, Caleb, 57 

Jonathan, 57 
Carrell, John, 82 "'. ' • 

Carter, Benjamin, 74 

Elizabeth, 74 " ^ 

Joseph, 73 
Cathral, Dr., 55 ' 

Chambers, Edmond, 107 

John, 104 


Chandler, Anne (Thorogood), 133 

Job, 133 

Margaret, 10 
Chapman, Margaret (Osborne, Clarke), 139, 

Charlton, Henry, IIS 

Mary (Scarburgh), 118, 121, 122, 126 

Colonel Stephen, 118 
Child, Mary, 54 
Cholmley, Major, 2 
Clark, Elizabeth (Offley, Honywood), 137 

William, 70, 71, 106, 137 
Clarke, George, 69 

Honour, 71 

Margaret (Chapman, Osborne), 139, 141 

President, 72 

Robert, 141 

Ursula (Offley), 137 
Clarkson, Matthew, 13 
Clay, Joseph, 21, 22 
Clement, Agnes (Leveson), 146, 148 

William, 146 
Clements, Margery (Leveson), 146, 148 
Cliffe, alias Custis, 88 

Edmund, 88 

Henry, 88 ; ' : :''■" 

William, 88 
Clifton, Robert, 71 l^.n ,, '>;., 

Cloud, Joseph, 21 i; -~^....,\ ■ 

Clymer, George, 54, 56 

Coates, William, 54 :,'>i. . : \ ■, ,'' 

Coats, William, 55 I '■'. i ■■(, i ''■. i 

Coe, Timoth>', 115 

Coffin, Thomas, 69 .? n.i,-'. : ■ 

Cole, William, 92 ^ ■■,-,:'■ ■ 

Collier, Mary, 104 . . • 

Collins, Arthur, 67 

Matthias, 79 ' h'. 

Colony, John, 119 :, - 

Cook, Charity, 12 ' i ■' • . 

Cooper, Captain Isaac, 54 

Richard, 98 

Samuel C, 14, 28 
Cope and Stewardson, 45, 49 ;■ i:r 

Cope, Walter, 45 ■? . 

Coplin, Dr. W. M. L., 51 .,,.,. 

Corry, George, 9 

Coulston, William, 60 , , ■ .- 

Cowperthwait, J., 16 --< 

Cox, Joseph, 107 
Coxe, John D., 12 . i - ; '. • : 

Tench, 12 / ■, v, -. 

Crabb, John, 132 
Crammond, Sarah (Nixon), 18 

Crammond, William, IS 

Cromwell, Oliver, 123 q 

Crosby, Sarah Richard (Harrison), 29 

Culpoppcr, , 120 

John, 128 

Mary (Michael), 128, 129 
Cumberland, Earl of, 2, 141 
Curtis, John, 67, 68 
Curzon, Sir George, 147 

Mary (Leveson), 147 
Custis, Alicia (Walker, Travellor, Burdctt), 

89, 90 
Anne, 98, 102 
Anne (Upshur), 99 
Anne (Upshur, Kendall), 96, 98, 99, 

102, 103, 104, 105, 106, lOS, 122, 125, 

127, 129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 148, 150, 

151, 152 
Anne (Waples), 76, 79, 80, 81, 86, 87, 

99, 107, 108, 111, 113, 116, 121. 122, 

125, 127, 129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 148, 

150, 151, 152 
Anne (Yeardley), 89 
Betty, 105, 106 
Cassandra (Wise), 79, 99, 106, 107, 108, 

110, HI, 113, 116, 121, 122, 125, 127, 

129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 148, 150, 151, 

Charles Parke, 41 
Daniel Parke, 98 

Edmund, 88, 89, 91, 94, 103, 104, 107, 108 
Edmund of Deep Creek, 99, 100, 101, 

102^ 108, 122, 125, 127 
Eleanor (Calvert), 98 
Elizabeth, 103, 104, 105, 106 
Elizabeth (Custis), 89, 90, 96, 97, 99, 

102, 103, 104, 105, 108, 122, 125, 127, 

129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 148, 150, 151, 

Elizabeth (Robinson), 89, 90, 96, 99 
Fanny, 107, 108 
Frances, 98, 102 
Frances (Parke), 97, 98 
George Washington Parke, 98 
Hancock, 97, 98, 105, 106 
Henry, 88, 97, 98, 99, 102, 103 
Jane (Powell), SS, 89, 90, 99, 100, 108 
John, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 93, 96, 

98, 99, 100, 107, 108 
Colonel John, 67, 90, 99, 102, 129, 134, 

138, 142, 145, MS, 150, 151, 152 
Colonel John of "Wilsonia," 96, 97, 99, 

Major John, 79, 99, 103 


30 ; ,ic 

, 1 



Custis, Major John of Deep Creek, 103, 104, 

105, 106, lOS, 122, 125, 127, 129, 134. 

13S, 142, 145, 148, 150, 151, 152 
Major Jolin of Williamsburg, 97 
Major-Gencral John, SS, 89, 90, 91, 92, 

93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 99, 100, 101, 103, 

121, 126, 128 
John, Jr., 97, 98 
John Parke, 98 
Josepli, 89 
Leah, 98 
Leah (Gale), 98 
Levin, 98 
Margaret (Michael), 96, 97. 99, 102, 128, 

129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 148, 150, 151, 

Margaret (Scarburgh), 9S 
Martha (Dandridge, Washington), 98 
Martha Parke, 98 
Mary, 98 
Mary (Lee), 98 

Mary Anne Randolph (Lee), 98 
Nicholas, 88 
Peter, 107, 103 
Robert, 89 

Robinson, 9S, 107, 108 
Sarah, 98, 103, 104 

Sarah (Littleton, Michael), 96, 97, 128 
Sorrowful Margaret (Kendall), 97, 98, 99 
Southey, 98 
Susanna, 99, 104, 105, 106, 108, 122, 

125, 127, 129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 

148, 150 
Tabitha, 98, 102, 103, 104, 120 
Tabitha Scarburgh, 102, 103 
Tabitha Scarburgh (Whittington), 100, 

102, 108, 122, 125, 127 
Tabitha (Scarburgh, Smart, Browne, 

Hill), 89, 90, 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, 100, 

102, 104, 105, 115, 120, 121, 122, 124, 

125, 126, 127 
Theophilus, 98 

Thomas, 96, 97, 98, 99, 107, 108 
Thomas, of Baltimore, Ireland, 89, 94, 

99, 100, 101, lOS, 125 
Thomas, of Deep Creek, 96, 99, 101, 102, 

105, 125, 138 
Lieutenant Thomas, 78, 79, 108 
Major Thomas, 99, 110 
Major Thomas, of St. George's Parish, 

105, 106, 107, 108, 110, 111, 113, 116, 

121, 122, 125, 127, 129, 134, 13S, 142, 

145, 148, 150, 151, 152 
Thomas Whittington, 103, 104 

Custis, William, 88, 89, 90, 123 

William Robinson, 107 
Custus, see Custis 

Dacre, .Ann, 2 

George Loid, 2 

Lord Thomas, 2, 3 

Lord William, 3 
Dacres of Gilsland, 2 
Dale, Richard, 56 
Dallas, Alexander J., 55 
Dandridge, John, 98 

Martha (Custis, Washington), 98 
Daniel, Mary (Scarburgh), 117 

Thomas, 117 
David, Margaret (Jones), 59, 62 
Davies, James, 106 
Davis, Elizabeth (XLxon), IS 

Henry, 110 

James, 110 

L. Clarke, 35 
Dee, Doctor, 141 
De Forest, Mary (Sheldon), 50 
Delaney, Sharpe, 54 
Dela Warr, Lord, 114 
de Meschines, Randulph, 2 
Dennis, Major, 56 
Derrickson, Mary (Waples), 73 
De Rushall, see Rushall 
Dewsberry, William, 66 
Diaz, President, 48 
Dickinson, Edmund, 68 

John, 54 

Colonel John, 58 
Dillarne, , 133 

Margery (Oftiey), 135 
DiUorne, Elizabeth (Offley), 13 5 
DLxon, Ambrose, 119 
Dockrey, John, 10 
Dodge, Mary (Thorogood), 131 
DoUings, John, 119 
Dorsey, Benedict, 22 

Bennett, 22 
Dorset, Duke of, 147 
Douglass, George, 106 
Drake, Sir Francis. 141, 147 
Draper, Avery, 75 
Drumond, John, 91, 105 
Duane, William, 56 
Duke of Norfolk, 2 
Duke of York, 120 
Du Pont, Francis Clery, 13 

Earl of Cumberland, 2 


Earl of Lonsdale, 9 
Eastwick Brothers, 42 
Edwards, Anne (Thorogood), 131, 132 
Henry, 125 
Margaret (Jones), 62, 63 

\V., 93 
Elliott, Isaac, 2S, S3 
Enilcn, Hudson, 10 • . 

Joshua, 10 

Mary, 10 

Samuel, 11 
Emperor of Germany, 4S 
England, Mary, 11 
Enyart, O. M., 56 
Essex, Earl of, 142 
Evan, Sarah, 63 
Evans, Hugh, 62 

Jane, 10 

John, 13 

Mr., 112 

Robert, 10 

William, 73 
EyTe, Colonel Benjamin G., 55 

Faierfox, John, 120 

Fanshaw, Sir Thomas, 144 

Farmer, Dr. Richard, 54 

Farvacks, John, 119, 120 

Fassit, Horace, 31 

Fauconberg, Margaret (Osborne), 142 

Fawcett, Richard, 66 

Fearon, John, 66 

Fisher, Miers, 12 

Patience (Waples), 74, 75, 76 
Thomas, 71 
William, 75, 76 

William Read, 31 : . :', '. 

Fizell, John, S 
Fleetwood, Joice (Osborne), 142 

Thomas, 142 , > , • 

Fleischer, Balthasar, 53 

Fleming, Colonel Thomas, 76 

Flower, (Thorogood), 131 

Fookes, Daniel, 112 

Sarah, 112 
Foster, Sandys B., 64 ' • • 
Foulke, Hugh, 63 
Fox, George, 4 
Foxcraft, Captain Isaac, 68 
Franklin, Benjamin, 12, 13, 50, 54 
Frazier, Harriet Morgan (Harrison), 39, 40 

William West, Jr., 39, 40, 42, 43 
Freedley, E. T., 18 
Fuchs, Michael, 57 

Fuller, .■\iuie (Offley), 136 

Fyldene, Elizabeth (Osborne), 139, 142 

Gale, Betty, 9S 
Leah, 9S 

Leah (Custis), 9S '■.... ; - '. . : 

Levin, 9S S, v, • ■ , ■. 

Sarah, 98 ' ■ ' : 

Gallatin, Albert, 25 
Ganiage, Elizabeth (Offley), 137 

William, 13 7 
Garret, Sir William, 140 
Garrigucs, Rebecca, 10 
Gaylard, Hannah, 9 
Geary, Governor, 32 . . 

German Emperor, 4S > , 
Gibson, Henry C, 31 ' '■ • 

Giles, Sir, 1 : , ■■ ' 

Gill, Anna (Benson), 65, 66 ^ i 

Elizabeth, 65, 66 
John, 65, 66 
Peter, 115 
Girard, Stephen, 13, 16 
Glaning, John, 115 

Sarah, 115 
Glentworth, James, 54 
Goodson, John, 70 
Goodwin, George, 54 
Gookin, Captain John, 133, 137 
Sarah, 133 

Sarah (Offley, Thorogood, Yeardky) , 
128, 132, 133, 134, 137, 138, 142, 145, 
148, ISO, 151, 152 
Grainger, John, 4 
Graystoke, Lord William, 1 
Green, Elisheba, 90 
Richard, 90 
Susan B. (Waples), 80 
Greene, General, 76 

General Nathaniel, 78 
Greenleafe, Isaac, 10 
Gregg, Andrew, 25 
Gregory, Henry, 50 
Gresham, Sir John, 148 

Ursula (Leveson), 148 
Greystock, Lord of. 1, 2 
Greystoke, Ann de, 2 
Ann (Howard), 2 
Elizabeth de, 2 
William de, 2 
Griffith, Frances (Thorogood), 132 

Robert, 132 
Grubel, Andreas, 53 
Gutin, Hannah, 57 


,-.!„-:,■ '- J 

' 1 y lO"!-" ,..'''J 

:\r ,l,r,..l:;..^ 

Hakliiyt, Rich.ird. 1!1 
Hall, John. U.7i 
Hallowcll, Arm, 10 
Hamilton, Andrew, 98 

Anne (Browne, Trecson), 98 

James, 98 
Hampton, Sar^ih, 10 
Hare, Dr. George Emlen, 41 

Judge, 31 
Harinsen, see Harrison 
Harmenson, Thomas, 68 
Harreson, sec Harrison 
Harris, Ale-xander, 133 

Francis, 10 

Rev. John Andrews, 49 

William, 10 
Harrison, Adam, 1, 4 

Adelaide Louisa (Hunt), 28, 29 

Alfred Craven; sketch of, 49 

Alfred Craven, 28, 39, 42, 49, 50 

Anna (Benson), 7 

Anne T. (Rothrock), 29 

Bawnc, 6 

Bertha Marie (\Vh>te), 39, 52 

Caroline Matilda (Leib), 28, 29 

Charles Custis; sketch of, 41 

Charles Custis, 27, 28, 30, 39, 41, 42, 43. 
44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 57 

Charlotte, 3, 9, 14 

Cornelia Custis, 29 

Deborah, 9 

Edward, 4 

Elizabeth, 3, 9 

Elizabeth (Benson), 65 

Elizabeth Dawson, 14 

Elizabeth (Stag), 6 

Ellen Nixon (Wain), 39, 41. 46, 48 

Frances, 3 

George, 3 

George Leib; sketch of, 29 

George Leib, 26, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32. 33, 
34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 
44, 49, 50, SI, 32, 58, 61, 63, 65, 66, 
81, S3, 86, 87, 99, 108, 111, 113, 116, 
121, 122, 125, 127, 129, 134, 138, 142, 
145, 148, 150, 131, 152 

George Leib, Jr., 26 

Geraldine, 52 

Grace (Pattinson), 4 

Hannah, 9 

Hannah (Benson), 6, 7, 8, 9, 52, 65, 66 

Harriet Morgan (Frazier), 39, 40 

Hugh, 4 

Isaac, 6 

Harrison, Isabel, 4 

Jacob, 9 • 

James, 3, 4 
Jane, 4 
Janet, 4 

John of Philadelphia; sketch of, 14 
John, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 
19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 

51, 52, 57, 38, 63, 65, 66, SO, 82 
John and Sons, 26 

John Edmund, 29 

Jonathan, 5, 6, 9, 65 

Joseph, 4, 9, 14 

Josias, 5 

Kate de Forest (Sheldon), 39, 50 

Kathcrinc, 3, 4 

Letitia Henry (Mitchell), 29, 35, 39, 52 

Lydia (Leib), 14, 27, 28, 29, 34, 39, 

52, 55, 57, 58, 61, 63, 65, 66, SO, 

Mabel (Watson), 4 

Magdalen, 4 

Margaret, 3 

Margaret Janet (Smith), 39, 52 

Margaret Lydia (Leib), 57 

Marie, 4 

Mary, 5, 6 

Mary (Ranell), 4, 5, 52 

Mary (Sacald), 4 

Michael, 3 

Michael Leib, 26. 28, 29 

Mitchell; sketch of, 52 

Mitchell, 39, 42, 52 

Nathaniel, 6 

Nicholas, 4 

Peter, 3, 6 

Richard, 4 

Robert, 9, 14 

Ruth, 4 

Ruth (Roberts), 9, 14 

Samuel, 14 

Sarah, 6. 14 

Sarah (Bawne), 5, 6, 52 

Sarah (Richards), 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 52, 

59, 60, 61, 63, 65, 66 
Sarah Ann, 29 

Sarah Ann (Waples); sketch of, 34 
Sarah Ann (Waples), 29, 31, 34, 39, 40, 

41, 49, 50, 52, 58, 61, 63, 65, 66, 81, 

83, S6, 87, 99, 108, 111, 113, 116, 121. 

122, 123, 127, 129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 

148, 150, 151, 152 
Sarah Richard (Crosby), 29 
Susanna (Sturdy), 8 


Harrison, Thomas, of Thurstonfif Id and 
Philadelphia; sketcli of, 9 

Thomas, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, S, 9, lO, 11, 
12, 13, 14, 26, 2S, 29, 52, 61, 63, 65, 00 

Thomas Skclton, 26, 2 7 

Virginia Merrit (Xorris), 39, 52 

Virginia Thomas Skclton (Johnston), 29 

William, 2, 3, 4 

William Welsh; sketch of, SO 

William Welsh, 2S, 39, 42, 49, 51, 52, 
5S, 61, 63, 65, 66, SI, S3, S6, S7, 99, 
lOS, 111, 113, 116, 121, 122, 125, 127. 
129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 14S, 150, 151, 

William Welsh, Jr., 52 
Harrison and Havemeyer, 42 
Harrison Brothers, 26, 30 
Harri.ion Brothers and Company, 26, 27 
Harrison, Frazier and Company, 42, 43 
Harrison, Havemeyer and Company, 42, 49, 

Harrison, Newhall and Welsh, 42 
Harrison; Powers, Weightnian and, 30 
Harryson, John, 2 
Hart, John, 15, S2 
Haryson, Ann (Brounrigge), 3 

Charlotte, 3 

Elizabeth. 3 

Frances, 3 

George, 3 

James, 3 

Jane (Waters), 3 

John, 2, 3 

Katherine, 3 

Margaret, 3 • - 

Mary (Bacon, King), 3 

Mary (West), 3 

Michael, 3 

Peter, 3 

Thomas, 3 

William, 3 
Hastings, Henry, 137 

Susan (Offley), 137 
Havemeyer, Theodore A., 42 
Hawk, Edward, 132 
Hawke, Anne (Thorogood), 132 
Hayes, President, 42 
Heath, Richard, 62 
Helm, Israel, 13 

Professor, 40 
Hcnman, Richard, 83 
Henry, T. Charlton, 35 
Hereson, William, 2 
Hering, Oliver, S9 

Heryson, Adam, 1 

John, 2 _ 

Tliomas, 1 * 

William, 2 ,,■',, 

Hewetson, John, 4 , _ 

Hewctt, Alice, 144 

Anne (Osborne), 139, 141, 142, 145, 14S, 

150, 151, 152 
Edmund, 143, 144, 145 
Elizabeth, 145 

Elizabeth (Leveson), 143, 145, 14S, 150, 

151, 152 
Henry, 144 
John, 145 
Mary, 145 
Nicholas, 143, 145 
Solomon, 145 
Thomas, 143, 144, 145 
William, 145 

Sir William, 140, 143, 144, 145, 148, 
150, 151, 152 
Hewson, John, Jr., 21 
Hildeburn, Samuel, SO 
Hill, Colonel Edward, 91, 95, 121, 126 

Richard, 69, 119 

Tabitha, 115 

Tabitha (Scarburgh, Smart, Browne, 
Custis), 89, 90, 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, ICO, 
102, 104, 105, 115, 120, 121, 122, 124, 
125, 126, 127 
Hodgson, David, 7 
Hohnstock, Charles, 41 
Holbeck, Alice (Thorogood), 131 
Hollingsworth, Zebulon, 13 
Hollowell, Elizabeth, 10 
Holmes, John, 44, 71 

Margaret (Xewbold, Waples), 71, 73 

Dr. Oliver Wendell, 44 
Honywood, Benoni, 137 

Elizabeth (Oltley, Clark), 137 

Sir Thomas, 13 7 
Hoopes, Miss, 40 
Hopkinson, Joseph, 56 
Horner, Benjamin, 13 
Houston, H. H., 45 
Howard, Ann (Greystoke), 2 

Henry, 2 

Peter, 10 

Philip, 2 

Rebekah, 10 
Howe, Captain Daniel, 119 

Herbert M., 31 

Bishop William A. DeW., 34, 35, 3" 
Howell, Abraham, 55 

[ 159 ] 

:.|.I>,V fiU.a.wV 

■-■lii >J 


Howell, Isaac, 10 

Hoyt, Governor Henry M., 33, 34 

Hudson, Aniirew. 119 

Huficr, Francis Kinloch, IS 

Hughes, Go\eraor, 48 

Hulme, Robert, 53 

Hunt, Adelaide Louisa (Harrison), 2S, 29 

Benjamin P., 27, 29 
Hustler, C, 12 
Hutchinson, Charles H., 31 '■ '■ 

Robert, 115 

Ingersoll, Jared, 56 

Joseph R., 30 '• ■"'■ •'• 

Inskeep, Joseiih, 13 
Invin, Miss Agnes, 44 
Israel, Israel, 17 

Jackson, David, 55 

John, 106 
Jacobs, Alburtus, 70 
James, John, 132 
Jay, John, 13 

Jefferson. Thomas, 15, 17, 22, 56, 58, 78 
Jeffries, Alderman, 120 
Jenkins, David, 72 
Jennings, Edmund, 92 
Johnson, Burton, 79 

Choyce, 132 

John, 128 -■' 

Samuel, 74 

Thomas, 119 
Johnston, Hannah (Knerr), 29 

Thomas Skelton, 29 

Virginia Thomas Skelton (Harrison), 29 
Jole, Elizabeth, 101 
Jones, Ann (Williams), 62 

Catherine, 10 

Catherine (Richard,!, 59, 61, 63 

Evan, 60 

Hugh, 59, 62, 63 

Joseph, 63 

J. Levering, 46 

Margaret (David), 39, 62 

Margaret (Edwards), 62, 63 

Owen, 10 

Owen, Jr., 10 

Richard, 63 
Joynes, Major Levin, 77 

Thomas R., 77 

Kammerer, Henry, 54 
Karlin, Elizabeth, 10 
Kellam, Frances (West), 115, 116 

KcUam, Richard. 115 

Saram, 115, 116 ■^ 

Kelly, Francis J., M.D., 51 
Kendall. Anne (Mason), 98, 102 

Anne (Upshur, Custis), 96, 98, 
102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 108, 122, 1 
127, 129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 14S, 1 
151, 152 

Custis, 105 

Littleton, 98 

Sorrowful Margaret (Custis), 97, 98, 

William, 97, 99, 102 

Captain William, 98 

Colonel William, 68 
Kennedy, Susan (Leib), ib, 57 
Kennings, William, Jr., 71 
Kerr, Joseph, 54 
Key, Isaac, 89 
King Edward Seventh, 48 
King, John, D.D., 3 

J. W., 79 

Mary (Har>'son, Bacon), 3 
Kingsley, Charles, 141 
Kinsey, David, 10 
Kirton, Margaret (Oliley, NichoUs), 136 

Stephen, 136 
Knerr, Hannah (Johnston). 29 
Kollock, Jacob, 73, 74 
Kunze, Rev. Johann Christopher, 57 

Henrietta Margaretta (Muhlenberg). 

La Fayette, Marquis de, 13, 18 
Lally-ToIIendal, IS 
Lambert, General, 2 
Lancaster, Joseph, 10 
Landenberger, Matthias, 54 
La Terrierre, Charton de, 13 
Laughead, James, 54 
Lawson, Elizabeth. 132 
Lea, Isaac, 31 
Lear, John, 92 
Learned, Miss, 41, 49 
Leatherbury, Thomas, 85 
Lecatts, John, 125 
Lee, General Robert E.. 49, 98 

Mary (Custis), 98 

Mary Anne Randolph (Custis), 93 
Leech, Dennis, 149 

Joan (Bodley, Bradbury), 149, 150 
Leeds, Duke of, 139, 142, 144 
Leib, Caroline Matilda (Harrison), 28. 

Dorothy, 57 

Elizabeth. 56 

George, 53, 54, 55, 58, 80, 82 



Leib, George Clinton, 56, 57 

Hannah, 57 

Hans Geors, 53 

Henry Franklin, 56, 57 

Hester (Morgan), 16, 5S. 58 

Johann Georg, 53 

John George, 27, 53, 54, 55, 5S, SO, 82 

Judge John Lewis, 30, 55, 57, S2 

Lavina, 56 

Dr. Michael, 25, 27, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 82 

Lydia (Harrison), 14, 27, 2S, 29, 34, 39, 
52, 55, 57, 58, 61, 63. 65, 66, SO, 82 

Margaret, 57 

Margaret Dorothy (Liebheit), 27, 53, 
55, 58, SO, 82 

Margaret Lydia (Harrison), 57 

Sarah (Riley), 55, 57, 58, SO, S2, S3 

Susan (Kennedy), 56, 57 

Thomas Jefferson, 28, 29 
Leibig, 26 

Lejee, William R., 35 
Lesher, George, 55 
Letherbcrry, Eleanor, 85 
Leveson, (Baron), 148 

Agnes, 148 

Agnes (Clement), 146, 14S 

Dionysia (Bodley), 147, 148, 150, 151, 

Dorothea (Streate), 148 

Elizabeth (Hewett), 143, 145, 148, 150, 
151, 152 

Hillary, 147, 148, 151, 152 

James, 136, 147 

Joanna, 147, 148, 151, 152 

Joanna (de Rushall), 146, 148, 152 

John, 146, 147, 14S, 151 

Margery (Clements), 146, 148 

Margery (Offley, Michell), 136 

Mary (Calthrope), 148 

Mary (Curzon), 147 

Matilda (Prestwood), 147, 148, 151, 152 

Nicholas, 143, 146, 147, 148, 150, 151, 132 

Richard, 146, 147, 14S, 151, 152 

Thomas, 148 

Ursula (Gresham), 148 

William, 148 
Levick, Ebenezer, 14 
Lewis, John, 104, 115 

William, 12 
Liebheit, Margaret Dorothy (Leib), 27, 53, 

55, 58, 80, 82 
Lightfoot, William, 10 ; , . ■ , , 

Lippincott, Joshua, 26 

William, 13 

Littleton, Elizabeth, 97 

Esther (Whittington), 124 ' 

Garthright, 97 

Hester, 97 

Sarah (Bow^man), 124 

Sarah (Michael, Custis), 96, 97, 123 

Colonel Southey, 97, 124, 125 
Logan, Hannali, 10 
Lonsdale, Earl of, 9 

Lucken, (Thorogood), 130 

Ludwell, Jane (Parke), 97 

Governor Philip, 97 ... 

Thomas, 120 

McAIIaster, John, 10 
McClenachan, , 113 

Susanna (Robinson), 112, 113, 113 
McKean, Governor Thomas, 54, 56 

Thomas, Jr., 56 
McMurtrie, Richard C, 35 
Machin, Elizabeth, 118 
Maclay, Samuel, 56 
Maddox-, Sarah (Michael, Yeardley, Watts), 

Thomas, 128 , 
Madison, James, 78 , ;. 

Makemie, Francis, 102 

Naomi, 102 

Naomi (Anderson), 109 
Makule, John, 128 
Mark, John, 9 
Markhara, William, 70 
Marsh, Joseph, 54 
Marshall, Charles, 24 

Christopher, 24 
Marten, Edward, 120 
Martin, Mr., 49 

Mason, Anne (Kendall), 98, 102 
Massam, Alderman, 140, 141 
Master, William, 14 ' ,,. 

Masters, William, 54 
Mathews, Sarah Custis, 97 
Matthews, Colonel George, 76, 77, 103 
Meade, Bishop, 88 
Meautis, Frances (Thorogood), 131 

Thomas, 131 
Melling, William, 124 
Mellinge, Mrs., 69 
Mentges, Francis, S4 
Merritt, Mrs., 40 
Meschines, Randulph de, 2 
Methell, Thomas, 132 
Meyer, Elizabeth, 57 

Sebastian, 57 


i"> ','1, ..T 

Michael, Adam, 97, 9S, 1 

Elizabeth (Thoro-o 

133, 134, 13S, 142 

nl), 96, 12S, 
145, 14S, 130, 

Captain John, 96, 97, 12S, 129, 133, 13 
13S, 142, 145, US, 150, 151, 152 

John, Jr., 128 

Margaret (Custis), 96, 97, 99, 102, 12. 
129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 14S, 150, 15 

Mary (Culpepper), 128, 129 

Sarah (Littleton, Custis), 96, 97, 128 

Sarah (Yeardley, Watts, Maddox), i; 

Simon, 128 

Yeardley, 97, 128, 129 
Michell, Margery (Oftley, Leveson), 136 

Thomas, 136 
Mickle, Samuel, 10 
Mifflin, Thomas, 54 

Warner, 13 
Miller, John, 54 
Mitchell, Dr. John Kearsley, 35 

Letitia Henry (Harrison), 29, 35, 39, ; 

Dr. S. Weir, 13 
Momford, Maria (Waples), 80 

Montjoy, (Thorogood), 131 

Moor, Joseph, 14 

Moore, Elizabeth (Offley), 13 7 

Joseph, 10 

Margaret I., 79 

Susan P., 79 ' 

William P., 79 
Morgan, Barbara, 58 

Cadwalader, 59, 62 

Elizabeth (Sergeant), 58 

George W., 16, 58 

Hester (Leib), 16, 55, 58 

General Jacob, 16, 54, 58 

Patrick, 115 

Rachel, 58 
Morgan and Douglas, 58 
Morgan, Douglass and Schaeffer, 58 
Morrell, John, 16 
Morris, A., 10 

Elizabeth, Jr., 10 

Maria (Xixon), 18 

Robert, 18, 54 
Morrison, William, 82, S3 
Morrogh, John, 96 
Muhlenberg, Anna Maria (Wciser), 57 

Rev. Henrich Melchior, 57 

Henrietta Margarctta (Kunze), 57 

General John Peter Gabriel, 57, 76 
Muhlenberg and Schaeffer, 58 

Narbonne, Count, IS 

Nenlc, Margaret, 124 ^ 

Xeech, Daniel, 68, 69, 92, 93, 101 

Margaret, 95 
Newbold, Jolin S., 35 

Margaret (Holmes, Waples), 71, 73 
Newhall, Thomas A., 42 

Walters., 42 
Newton, Rev. William Wilberforce, D.D., 41 
Nicholls, Joane (Oftley), 136 

John, 136 

Margaret (Oftley, Kirton), 136 
Nicholson, Governor Francis, 92, 95 

Nancy, 9 
Nkon, Elizabeth (BoUman), IS 

Elizabeth (Davis), IS 

Henry, 18 

Jane (Willing), 18 

Colonel John, 6, 18 

Maria (Morris), 18 

Mary (West), IS 

Sarah (Crammond), IS 
Norfolk, Duke of, 2 
Norris, Mary, 52 

S. Henry, 52 

Virginia Merrit (Harrison), 39, 52 

William P., 31 
Norton, Toby, 119 

OfBey, (Rogerson), 135 

(Rose), 136 

Abigail, 137 

Anne, 133, 136, 137 

Anne (Fuller), 136 

Anne (Osborne), 132, 137, 13S, 142, 145, 

148, 150, 151, 152 
Daniel, 13 
Edward, 137 
Elizabeth (Blower), 136 
Elizabeth (Clark, Hon>'\vood), 137 
Elizabeth (DIUorne), 135 
Elizabeth (Gamage), 137 
Elizabeth (Moore), 137 
Elizabeth (Wright), 133 
Hewett, 137 
Hugh, 135, 136 
Joane (Nicholls), 136 
John, 133, 137 
Sir John, 136 
Katherine, 136 
Kathcrine (Baker), 137 
Margaret (Nicholls, Kirton), 136 
Margery (Dillarne), 135 
Margery (.Michell, Leveson), 136 


Offley, Richard, 136 

Robert, 132, 135. 136, 137, I3S, 142, 1 

14S, 150, 151, 152 
Sarah (Thorocfood, Gookin, Veardle 

132, 133, 134, 137, 13S, 


14S, 150, 151, 152 

Stephen, 137 

Susan (Hastings), 137 

Thomas, 136, 137 

Sir Thomas, 135 

Ursula (Brooke), 137 

Ursula (Clarke), 137 

William, 135, 136, 137, 138 
Oneale, Matthew, 113 
Orford, Earl of, 67 
Orton, Sir Giles of, 1 
Osborne, Alice (Peyton), 142 

Anne (Hewett), 139, 141, 14: 
150, 151, 152 

Anne (Offley), 132, 137, 138, 
148, 150, 151, 152 

Anne (Walmsley), 142 

Edward, 142 

Sir Edward, 132, 137, 139, 140, 141, 
142, 144, 145, 148, 150, 151, 152 

Elizabeth (Fyldene), 139, 142 

Sir Hewett, 142 

Jane (Broughton), 139, 140, 142 

Joice (Fleetwood), 142 

Julian, 139 

Margaret (Chapman, Clarke), 139, 141 

Margaret (Fauconberg), 142 

Richard, 139, 140, 142 

Thomas, 139 •-'•-. 

Sir Thomas, 142 ^ 

Othead, Adam, 1 

Herry, 1 ' ; . . 

Thomas, 1 
Oth hede, Henry, 1 

Paine, Thomas, IS 

Painter, George, 10 

Paris, Colonel Peter, 27 

Parke, Daniel, 93 , , • 

Colonel Daniel, 97 

Frances (Custis), 97, 93 

Jane (Ludwell), 97 

Lucy (Byrd), 97 
Parker, Lieutenant, 77 

Richard, 10 

William, 96, 104, 105 
Parsons, James, 31 
Patte, Richard, 70 
Patterson, Robert, 21 

Pattinson, Grace (Harrison), 4 

Rowland, 6 

William, 8 
Peacock, Margaret, 4 ■ < : ' 

Pembcrton, James, 12, 13 

John, 10 
Penn Family, 71, 85 ' •- '•' ■ ::". 
Penn, Richard. 54 .t. , - " ,, ; 

Thomas, 54 

William, 33, 34, 45, 62, 70, 72 
Penniwell, John, 124 
Penrose, Jonathan, 12, 13 

Thomas, 13 
Penton, Anna Magdalena, S3 
Pepper, Dr. William, 41, 44 
Percy Family, 51 
Perry, Rev. James De Wolfe, 35 

John, 96 
Peyton, Alice (Osborne), 142 ■ . ■ 

Sir John, 142 
Phillips, John, 132 
Physick, Dr., 55 
Piersol and Schaeffer, 58 
Pike, Henry, 101 

Jane, 101 
Pitt, Robert, 102 

William, 13 
Piatt, Charles, 35 
Potter, Anna M., 79 
Poulson, Mrs. Catherine W. P., 105 
Poultney, Richard, 73 
Powell, David, 59 

Jane (Custis), 88, 89, 90, 99, 100, 108 
Powers, Thomas H., 33 
Powers and Weightman, 26, 30 
Powers, Weightman and Harrison, 30 
Preeson, Anne (Browne, Hamilton), 98 

Hannah, 98 

Susanna, 98 

Mrs. Thomas, 115 
Prestwood, Henry, 151 

John, 147, 151 

Matilda (Leveson), 147, 14S, 151, 152 
Prettyman, Comfort (Burton, Walker), 85, 86 

Elizabeth (Burton), S4, 85, 86 

Robert, 84 

Sarah (Burton), 85, 86 

Thomas, 74, 75, 85, 86 

William, 73, 85, 86 
Price, Tomlin, 119 
Priestley, Joseph, 15 
Pugh, Thomas, 60 

Raleigh, Sir Walter, 141 


Ralston, Robert, 30 '. ■ ' , I I '• 

^Randoliih, Henry, 90 
Rancll, John, 4 

Mary (Harrison), 4, 5, 52 
Rawlc, William, 12 
Raynal, Le Abbe, 13 
Reberdy, Elishcba, 90 <■'■'■:■. 

Richard, 90 
Reynell, John, 10 • 

Reynolds, James, AI.D., 21, 22 
Rhodes, John, 85 
Richard, see Richards 
Richards, Aquilla, 60, 61 

Catherine (Jones), 59, 61, 63 

Elizabeth, 59, 63 

Elizabeth (Yarnall), 60 

Hannah, 10 

Isaac, 60 

John, 59, 60, 63 

Lydia, 10 

Mark, 29 

Rowland, 10, 11, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63 

Rowland, Jr., 59, 61, 63 

Ruth, 59, 63 

Samuel, 10, 13, 59, 60, 61, 63 

Sarah (Harrison), 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 
59, 60, 61, 63, 63, 66 

Sarah (Thomas), 10, 59, 60, 61, 63, 
Richardson, Joseph, 21 
Ridgway, Mary, 11 
Riley, John, 57, 58, 80, 82, S3 

Lydia Leib (Waples), 34, 58, 80, 
82, 83, 86, 87, 99, 108, 111, 113, 1 
121, 122, 125, 127, 129, 134, 13S, 1 
145, 148, 150, 151, 152 

Sarah, 115 

Sarah (Leib), 55, 57, 58, 80, 82, 83 

William M., 79 
Ritson, Charles, 9 
Rittenhouse, David, S3 
Roberts, Elizabeth, 14 

Isaac, 47 

Levi, 14 

Ruth (Harrison), 9, 14 
Robins, , 109 

Barbara (Wise), 109 

Esther, 95 

John, 95 

Captain John, 68 
Robinson, Aiinc, 112, 113 

Elizabeth, 90, 115 

Elizabeth (Custis), 89, 90, 96, 99 

Elizabeth (Smith), 112, 113, 115 

John, 7, 119 

Robinson, Mary, 112, 113 

Sarah, 110 

Sarah (Smith), 112, 113, 115 

Sarah (West), 110, 112, 113, 115. 116, 12! 

Scarburgh (Wise), 106, 110, 111, 112, 
113, 115, 116, 121, 122 

Susanna (McClcnachan), 112. 113, 115 

Colonel Tully, 110, 112, 113, 115, 116, 
120, 121 

West (Smith), 112, 113, 115 

William, 10, 112, 113 
Rodney, John, 75 
Roelker, Parthenia P., 56 
Rogers, M. Edward, 31 

Rogerson, (Oliley), 135 

Roosevelt, President, 48 
Rose, (Ofiley), 136 

Nicholas, 136 
Rothrock, Anne T. (Harrison), 29 
Rush, Dr. Benjamin, 12, 13, 21 

Colonel Richard, 42 

William, 54 
Rushall, Henry de, 152 

Johanna de (Leveson), 146, 148, 132 

John de, 146, 152 

Richard de, 152 
Rynners, Rynnuse, Rynure, Paul, 123 
Ryland, Katherine, 98 

Sacald, Mary (Harrison), 4 
St. George, Sir Richard, 3 
Samuel, Joseph, 63 
Sandys, Edwin, 64 

George, 64 

Margaret (Benson), 64 
Sansom, Samuel, 10 
Satterthwaite, Hannah, 9 

Jonathan, 9 
Saul, Daniel, 65 

Sarah (Benson), 65 
Savage, Captain John, 67 
Savery, Thomas, 82 

William, 82 
Sawrey, Elizabeth (Benson), 64 
Say, Dr. Benjamin, 25 
Scarborough, see Scarburgh 
Scarburgh, , 109 

Anne (West), 114 

Catherine, 118 

Catherine (West, Barlowe, Bowman), 114 

Charles, 114, 117, 119, 120 

Colonel Charles, 120, 121 

Sir Charles, 117, 120 

Edmund, 90, 120, 121 


Scarburgh, Captain Edinund, 100, 117, IIS, 
119, 1^1, 122 
Captain Ecynund, 

Colonel Edmund, 114, 11 

-0, 121, 

Hannah, 110 

Hannah (Butler), 109, 110, 117, US, 121, 

Hannah (Wise), 109, 110, 111, US, 122 

Henry, 114, US, 121 

Henry, Jr., 9S 

John, 9S 

Littleton, 121 

Margaret (Custis), 93 

Mary, 90, 114, US, 120, 121, 122, 126 

Mary (Charlton), IIS, 121, 122, 126 

Mary (Daniel), 117 

Mary Cade, UO 

Matilda (West), 109, 112, 114, llS, 116, 
120, 121 

Sabra P. (Townsend, Waples), 79, 80 

Tabitha (Smart, Browne, Custis, Hill), 
89, 90, 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, 100, 102, 
104, 105, 115, 120, 121, 122, 124, 125, 
126, 127 
Scattergood, Thomas, 12 
Schaeffer and Muhlenberg, 58 
Schaeffer and Piersol, 5S 
Schuler, William, 54 
Scot, Michael, 65 

Walter, 105 
Scott, General, 76 

Simon, 4 

William, 119 
Seager, Sir William, 131 
Seal, William, Jr., 14 
Seawell, Henry, 133 
Sergeant, Elizabeth (Morgan), 58 

Jonathan Dickinson, 55 
Sewall, J. B., 28 
Sheldon, Kate de Forest (Harrison), 39, 50 

Mary (de Forest), 50 

William Crawford, 50 
Shepherd, Thomas, 123 
Sherman, Richard, SS 
Shubart, Michael, 54 
Simmons, Ann, 74, 75 

John, 57 

Stephen, 57 

Thomas, 74, 75 
Smart, John, 90,100, 121, 122, 124, 126, 127 

Sarah (Tankred), 126 

Tabitha, 94 

Tabitha (Scarburgh, Browne, Custis, 

Hill), 89, 90, 91, 93, 94, 95. of,, 100, 
102, 104, 105, 115, 120, 121, 122, 124, 
125, 126, 127 
Smart, Tabitha Scarburgh (Whlttington), 
lai, 122, 124, 125, 126, 127 

William, 79 

Captain William, 126 
Smith, , 113 . ■..•..■ 

Anne, UO 

Edward, 131 

Elizabeth, UO 

Elizabeth (Robinson), 112, 113, 113 

Frances (Thorogood), 131 

Captain Isaac, 76 

John, 106, 112, 113 

Margaret Janet (Harrison), 39, 52 

Mary (Wise), UO 

Mr., 52 

Samuel, 14 

Sarah (Robinson), 112, 113, 115 

West (Robinson), 112, 113, 115 

William, 69 

William Robinson, U2, 113 
Smithes, John, 89 
Smithier, John, SS 
Snead, Charles, 103, UO . 

John, 104, 107 

Robert, 126 
Snowden, Jane (Yarnall), 61 

Leonard, 14, 61 
Snyder, Governor Simon, 56 
Sommers, Dr., 51 
Southern, Edward, 71 
Sparrow, Anne (West), 115 

John, 115 

Thomas, 115 
Speakman, Hannah, 15 

Townsend, 15 
Spencer, Elizabeth (Weston, Whittington), 
123, 124, 125 

Captain William, 124 

Major William, 67 
Spires, Jacoba, 112 

John, 112 
Stacey, George, 12 
Stag, Elizabeth (Harrison), 6 

John, 6 
Starr, James, 12, 13 
Starthwaite, Mungo, 4 

Robert, 4 
Steel, Captain Hugh, 53 

John, S4 
Stephen, Anne (West), 114 

Colonel, 114 


Stephens, Mary, 10 
Sterllnge, William, 69 
Stewardson, John, 45 
Stewart, Patrick, 98 
Stockley, Magistrate, 72 

Oliver, S5 
Stordy, see Sturdy 
Streate, Dorotliea (Leveson), 148 

William, 14S 
Stringer, Colonel John, 67 
Strong, Edward, 132 
Strouse, Joseph, 57 
Stuart, Prince Charles Edward, 8 
Sturdy, John, 7 

Susanna (Han'ison), 8 

Thomas, 8 
Stu>'\-esant, Governor Peter, 119 
Swett, Mary, 12 

Taft, President, 48 

Tankred, Sarah (Smart), 126 

Tatham, Miss, 40, 41 

Taylor, Comfort (Anderson), 109 

Elias, 97 

Sarah, 10 
Thanct, Earl of, 147 
Thoburn, John, 21 
Thomas and Caldcleugh, 21 
Thomas, Daniel, 14 

Hugh John, 59, 62 

John, 13, 62 

Sarah (Richards), 10, 59, 60, 61, 63, 66 
Thoralinson, Elizabeth (Benson), 64 
Thompson, Charles, 54 
Thorogood, (Flower), 131 

(Luckin), 130 

(Montjoy), 131 

Captain Adam, 128, 132, 133, 134, 137, 
138, 142, 145, 14S, 150, 151, 152 

Lieutenant-Colonel Adam, 133 

Alice (Holbeck), 131 

Anne (Chandler), 133 

Anne (Edwards), 131, 132 

Anne (Hawk), 132 

Edmund, 131 

Edward, 131 

Elizabeth (Michael), 96, 128, 129, 133, 
134, 138, 142, 145, 14S, 150, 151, 152 

Frances (Griffith), 132 

Frances (Meautis), 131 

Frances (Smith), 131 

Frances (Yeardley), 133 

John, 130, 131, 134 

Sir John, 131, 133 

Thorogood, Lawrence, 131 

Mary (Dodged, 131 

Mordaunt, 132 W 

Nicholas, 130, 131 

Robert, 132 

Roger, 130 

Sarah, 133 

Sarah (Offley, Gookin, Yeardley), 12S, 
132, 133, 134, 137, 138, 142, 145 14S. 
150,151, 152 

Thomas, 130, 131, 134 

William, 131, 132, 134 
Tiflin, John, 4 
Tilghman, Edward, 56 
Tilney, Elizabeth, 96 
Timpron, Agnes, 4 
Tindal, Charles, 72 
Tobias, Joseph T., 31 
Todd, John, 13 
Toles, Henry, 97 
Town, Henry, 55 

Townsend, Sabra P. (Scarburgh, Waples), 
79, 80 

Scarburgh, 79 
Trabeller, George, 90 

Travellor, Alicia (Walker, Burdett, Custis), 
89, 90 

George, 90 
Treichel, Miss, 40 
Trendall, Frances (Waples), 68, 71, 81, 87 

Paul, 68, 87 
Trimble, James, 82 
Trindall, see Trendall 
Trumbauer, Horace, 51 
Tucker, Benjamin, 30 
Turner, John, 124 

Robert, 70 

Upshur, Abel, 106 

Anne (Custis), 99 

Anne (Custis, Kendall), 96, 93, 99, 102, 
103, 104, 105, 106, 103, 122, 123, 127, 
129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 143, 150, 151, 

Arthur, 93, 104, 105 

Elizabeth, 93 

Sarah (Brown), 93, 104, 105 

Thomas T., 89, 123 

Vaillent, Madame, 40 

Vaughan, Betty (Waples), 74, 75, 76 

Polly, 75, 76 

Richard, 119 


Vaughan, William, 75, 76 
Vincent, William, S7 

\yaggaman^ Jonathan, 95 
Walker, , 86 

Alicia (Traveller, Burtlett, Cuitis), S9, 90 

Comfort (Burton, Prcttyman), S5, S6 

Joseph, 103 

Lewis, 60 

Major Peter, 90 
Walmslev, Anne (Osborne), 142 
Wain, Ellen Nixon (Harrison), 39, 41, 46, 4S 
Walpole, Sir Robert, 67 
Waples, , 86 

Agnes, 76 

Anne (Custis), 76, 79, 80, 81, 86, 87, 
99, 107, lOS, 111, 113, 116, 121, 122, 
125, 127, 129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 148, 
150, 151, 152 

Betty (\'aughan), 74, 75, 76 

Burton, 73 

Burton, Sr., 76 

Cassa, 80, 107 

Cassia, 107, 108 

Catherine (White), 74, 7S, 76 

Cornelius, 76 

Derrickson, 74, 75, 76, 79 

Edward Bassett, 79, SO 

Elizabeth (Carey), 73 

Frances (Trendall), 63, 71, 81, 87 

John Wise, 80 

Joseph, 76 

Lydia Leib (Riley), 34, 58, SO, 81. 82, S3, 
86, 87, 99, 108, 111, 113, 116, 121. 122, 
125, 127, 129, 134, 13S, 142, 145, 148, 

150, 151, 152 

Margaret (Xewbold, Holmes), 71, 73 

Maria (Momford), 80 

Martha W., 79, 80 

Mary, 76, 79, 80 

Mary (Burton), 71. 73, 74, 81, 85, 86, 

Mary (Uerrickson), 73 

N., 79 

Nathaniel, 34, 58, SO, 81, 82, S3, 86, 87, 
99, 108, 111, 113, 116, 121, 122, 125, 
127, 129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 148, 150, 

151, 152 

Colonel Nathaniel, 74, 75, 76 
Patience (Burton), 85. 86 
Patience (Fisher), 74, 75, 76 
Paul, 73, 74, 75, 76, 81, 86, 87 
Peter, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 73, 81, 87 
Robinson Custis, 80 

Waples, Sabra P. (Scarburgh, Townsend), 

79, SO 

Colonel Samuel; sketch of, 76 

Colonel Samuel, 74, 75, 76, 77, 7S, 79, 

80, 81, 86, 87, 99, 103. Ill, 113, 116, 
121, 122, 125, 127, 129, 134, 138, 142, 
145, 14S, 150, 151, 152 

Sarah Ann (Harrison); sketch of, 34 
Sarah Ann (Harrison), 29, 31, 34, 39, 
40, 41, 49, 50, 52, 5S, 61, 63, 65, 66, 

81, S3, 86, 87, 99, lOS, 111, 113, 116, 
121, 122, 125, 127, 129, 134, 138, 142, 
145, 14S, 150, 151, 152 

Sarah Temperance, 79, SO 
Susan B. (Green), SO 

73, 74, 

6, 81, 86, S7 

'1, 72, 


Thoniaj, 73 

Thomas Custis, 

William, 68. 70, 
86, 87 

William D., 82, S3 

Colonel William Derrickson, 80 
Ward, Townsend, 26, 30 
Warder, Jeremiah, 10 
Warv'ille, I. P. Brissot de, 13 
Washington, George, 18, 57, 76, 98 

Martha (Dandridge, Custis), 98 
Waters, Elizabeth, 97 

Jane (Haryson), 3 

Richard, 97 

Roger, 10 , ;., 

William, 124 
Waterson, Elizabeth, 95 • ; ; 

Frances, 95 

John, 6S, 69 

William, 69 
Watkins, Eleanor, 5i 

Joseph, 53 
Watson, George, 91, 125 

Jane, 11 

Mabel (Harrison), 4 

Robert, 6 

Thomas, 4 
Watts. John, 128 

Sarah (Michael, Yeardley, Maddox), 123 
Wattson, Isaac, 71 
Webster, Noah, 13 
Weightman; Powers and, 26, 30 
Weightman, Powers and Harrison, 30 
Weiser, Anna Maria (Muhlenberg), 57 

Conrad, 57 
Welsh, John, 42, 44 

Samuel, Jr., 42 

William, 42, 50 , 

[ 167 

Welsh, W. & S., 50 
Wertz, William, 54 
West, Alexander, 115 

Anne, 115, 116 ! . ' 

Anne (Scarburgh), 114 

Anne (Sparrow), 115 

Anne (Stephen), 114 

Anthony, 107, 114, 115, 116, 120 

Bcnony, 115 

Cassia, 107 

Catherine, 115, 116 

Catherine (Barlowe, Scarburgh, Bow- 
man), 114 

Elizabeth, 114, 115 
■' Frances (Kellam), 115, 116 

Francis, IS 

Jean, 114, 115 

John, 3, 114, 115 

Jonathan, 110, 115 

Lieutenant-Colonel John, 112, 113, 114, 
lis, 116, 121 

Mary, S7, 115, 116, 120 

Mary (Haryson), 3 

Mary (Nixon), IS 

Mary Scarburgh, 114, 115 

Matilda, 114, 115, 120 

Matilda (Scarburgh), 109, 112, 114, 115, 
116, 120, 121 

Matilda (Wise), 109, 110, 111, US, 116, 
121, 122 

Sarah, 10 

Sarah (Robinson), 110, 112, 113, 115, 
116, 121 

Scarburgh, 115, 116 

Thomas, 10 
W^eston, , 123 

Elizabeth (Whittington, Spencer), 123, 
124, 125 
WetheriU, Joseph, S4 
Wheatley, J. A., 8 
Whetle, Robert, 132 
Whitakcr, Bkhop, 38, 39 
White, Catherine (Waples), 74, 75, 76 

Bishop William, 2 7, 29 

Wrixam, 75, 76 
Whithorne, John, 88 
Whitinge, Henry, 92 
Whittidgton, Elizabeth, 124 

Elizabeth (Weston, Spencer), 123, 124, 

Esther, 125 

Esther (Littleton), 124 

Hannah, 125 

Smart, 94, 125 

Whittington, Southcy, 125 
Susanna, 123 
Tabitha Scarburgh (Custis), 100, : 

108, 122, 125, 127 
Tabitha Scarburgh (Smart), 100, 1 

124, 125, 126, 127 
Ursula, 124 
William, 94, 125 
Captain William, 123, 124, 125 
Colonel William, 100, 122, 124, 125, : 
Whorne, William, 147 
Whyte, Bertha Marie (Harrison), 39, 52 
Wiese, John, 106 
Wilkins, Nathaniel, 69 
Williams, Ann (Jones), 62 
Benjamin, 53 
Edward, 132 
John, 9S, 112 
Margaret, 63 
Thomas, 53 
Willing, Jane (Nixon), IS 
Richard, 54 
Thomas Mayne, 18 
W'illoughbie, Captain Thomas, 133 
Wilson, of High Wray, 64 
James, 55 
John, S 
Robert, 8 
Wise, Barbara (Robins), 109 

Cassandra (Custis), 79, 99, 106, 
lOS, 110, 111, 113, 116, 121, 122, 
127, 129, 134, 138, 142, 145, 148, 
151. 152 
Elizabeth, 110 
Hannah, 110 
Hannah (Scarburgh), 109, 110, HI, 

Henry A., 79 
Johannes, 109 
John, 108, 109, 110, 115 
Colonel John, 109, 110, 111, 116, 121 
Judge John, 109, 111, 118, 122 
Major John, 106, 107, 109, 110, HI, 

lis, 116, 121, 122 
John, Jr., 107 
Mary (Anderson), 109 
Mary (Smith), 110 
Mary Cade, 115, 116 
Matilda (West), 109, 

116, 121, 122 
Samuel, 110 
Scarburgh (Robinson), 
112, 113, 115, 116, 12 

110, HI 

106, 110, 
1, 122 


Wise, Solomon, lOS 

Thomas, 110 

Tully R., 107, 110 

William, 106, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 
115, 116, 121, 122 
Wister, William, 54 
Wolfsohn, Professor Carl, 41 

Wollaston, Dr., 18 

Wood, Richard, 46 ■ ,' 

Woodhouse, James, M.D., 22 .' ' ■ 

Wormeley, Cr., 92 

Wraxhall, Peter, 119 

Wright, Elizabeth (Oflley), 135 

Roger, US 
Wylie, Rev. Dr., 30 . 

Yardley, see Ycardley 
Yarnall, Elizabeth, 10 

Yarnall, Elizabeth (Richards), 60 

Francis, 10 

Jane (.Snowdcn), 61 

Joserli, 60 
Ycardley, Anne (Custis), S9 

Argall, S9, 119, 12S, 133 

Colonel Argoll, 63, 89, 133 

Frances (Thorogood), 133 

Colonel Francis, 133, 137 

Sir George, S9, 12S, 133 

Sarah (Michael, Watts, Ma<ldo\), 

Sarah (Ottky, Thorogood, Gookin), 
132, 133, 134, 137, 138, 142, 145, 
150, 151, 152 

Temperance, 89 

Lady Temperance, 133 

Zane, Isaac, 10 



Accomac County, Virginia, 76, 77, 79, SO, 

90, 94, 95, 96, 97, 9S, 99, 100, 101, 104, 
105, 106, 107, lOS, 109, 110, 112, 113, 
114, 115, 117, lis, 120, 121, 125, 126 

Militia, 110 

Court Hou5e, Virginia, 79 
Allerdale Ward, 4, 64 
All Saints' Church, Torresdalc, 29, 5S 
Alnwick Castle, 51 
American Army, 76, 77, 78 

Shipping, 19 

Sugar Refining Company, 43, 52 
Amsterdam, 16, 123 
Angola Neck, Delaware, S4 
Annapolis, Maryland, 6S, 72, 125 
Arlington, Gloucestershire, SS 
Arlington House, Virginia, 98 
"Arlington," Virginia, SS, 90, 91, 93, 94, 96, 

97, 102, 128 
Army of the Potomac, 42 
Artern, Saxony, 57 
Ashford, Kent, 139 
Ashwood, 151 

Assembly of Pennsylvania, 58 
Austria, 18 

Bacon's Rebellion, 91, 92, 120 

Baltimore, Ireland, 89, 99, 100, 103, 125 

Bampton, 7 

Banton, 7 

Barking, Essex, 140, 144 

Battle of Antletam, 42 

Bos worth, 2 

Brandywine, 76, 78 

Germantown, 76, 77, 78 

Gettysburg, 48 

Princeton, IS, 58 

Trenton, 13, 53 
Beaumont, 7 
Becontree Hundred, 143 
Bedfordshire, 117 

Bells of St. Mark's Church, Philadelphia, 31 
Benson Genealogy, 64 
Berks County, Pennsylvania, 57 
Bilby, Derbyshire, 143, 144 
Billingsgate Ward, London, 6 

Birmingham, England, IS 
Blackfriars, London, 132 
Black Xotley, 147, 143, 149 
Board of City Trusts, 33, 50 

Education of Philadelphia, 40 

Public Charities, 29, 36, 38 

Public Trusts, 49 

State Charities, 32 
Bodleian Library, Oxford, 149 
Bodley Genealogy, 149 
Bolton, 4 

Bonnie Prince Charlie in Cumberland, 8 
Bonsteadhill, 8 
Boston, 44 
Bowness, 7 
Braithwaite, 5 
Bristol, England, 9, 16, 126 
Brockholes, 64 
Brocklebank, 4 

Broughton, Westmoreland, 139 
Bruton Parish, Virginia, 93 
Buckinghamshire, 142 
Bucks County, Pennsylvania, 72 
Burgh-by-Sands, S 
Burgh Parish, 7, 8 
Burton Genealogy, 84 
Burton's Branch, Virginia, 104, 105, 112 
Bush Hill, Philadelphia, 55 
Buybury, Gloucestershire, SS 

Cadiz, IS 

Caius College, 117 
Caldbeck, 5, 65 
Cambridge, 142 

University, 43, 117, 131, 133 
Camelford, 117 
Cape Cornelius, 86 

Henlopen, 86 

The False, S5 
Carlisle, England, 3, 4, 6, 7, S, 10, 64 
Carlisle, Old, 4 
Carlsbad, 41 
Carlsruhe, 18 
Castle of Gre>-5tock, 2 
Castle Sowerby, 4, 5 
Castle-Steads, 5 


Centre Square, Philadilphia, 56 
Chapters on Social Science, as Connected wi'.h 
the Administration of Stale Charities, ii 
Charities, Board of Public, 29, 36, oS 

Board of State, 32 

United States Boards of, ii 
Charles City, Virginia, 126 

County, Virginia, 91, 93, 121, 
Charleston,' South Carolina, 11 
Chflston Temple, Hertfordshire, 130. 131, 

Cheltenham, Pennsylvania, 51 
Chemical Laboratory of John Harrison, 17, 

18, 19, 20, 25, 26, 27 
Chemistry, 15, 16, 28, 50 
Chemistry; John Harrison Laboratory of, 

28, 51 
Chesapean River, 132 
Chester County, Pennsylvania, 10, 59, 60, 

62, 72 
Chester, England, 135 
Chew House, 76 

Chieconessick Manor House, 115 
Chiconessox Plantation, Virginia, 97 
Children's Aid Society, 40 
Church Point, Virginia, 133 
Cirencester, England, 88 
City Hall, Philadelphia, 55, 56 
Closter- Bergen, 57 
Cockermouth, 7, 9, 65, 66 
Cocker River, 65 
Cohocksink Creek, 53 
College of Physicians, 56, 117 
College, William and Mary, 121 
Coolspring Church, Delaware, 76 
Colonization Society of Pennsylvania, 12 
Colthouse, 64 

Columbia University, 48, 57 
Committee of Observation and Defense, 54 

One Hundred, 53 

Safety of Philadelphia, 18, 54 
Concord, 76 

Concord, New Hampshire, 32 
Congress of the United Slates, 19, 20, 22, 

23, 24, 23 
Cookstone Parish, 147 
Cowes, England, S3 
Cranford, England, 117 
Crediton, Devonshire, 149 
Creedy River, 149 
Croft Head, 64 
Croxall, 147 

Cumberland County, England, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 
6, 7. 9, 10, 64, 65, 66 

Custis of " Arlington " and " Wilsonia," 8S 
of Deep Creek, 100 

Dale County, 85 , _ 

Dalston, 5 

Darlington, Pennsylvania, 50 

Day Nurseries, 35, 40 

Deal County, 72, 85 

Declaration of Independence; the reading 

of the, 18 
Deep Creek, Virginia, 9i, 98, 100, 102, 103, 

105, lOS, 112. 122 
Delaware, 13, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 
79, 82, 84, 85 

Bay, 85, 119 

County, Pennsylvania. 10, 11. 50, 60, 62 
Democratic Party, 56 

Society; Organization of the first, 55 
Derbyshire, 143. 144 
Derweut River, 4, 64 
Detroit, Michigan, 30, 57 
Devonshire, 149 

House, London, 4, 6. 8, 65, 66 
Dounsels Manor, 149 
Dublin, 11 
Dueling, 36 

Dunscombe, Devonshire. 149 
Durdcns, England, 117 , i ', 

Dutch on the Delaware, 85 

West India Company, 119 
Dykefield, 8 

Eaglesfield, 65, 66 

Eastern Penitentiary, H 

Eastern Shore of Virginia, 67. 76, 78. 88, 
97, 98, 109, 117, 118, 120, 123, 124, 128 

East India, 24 

Ebsham, England, 117 

Eden River, 7 

Elizabeth City, Virginia, 132 . ' 

Embargo Act, 19, 25 
Laws, 55 

English Laws on Insanity, 33 

Episcopal Academy, 41, 49 

Hospital, Philadelphia, 32,33,33, 39,49, 
51, 52 

Episcopal Hospital. The George Leib Har- 
rison Memorial House of the. 3S, 39, 
51. 52 

Essex County. England, 130, 131, 1 W. 143, 
144, 147 

Ewell, England, 3 

Exe River. 149 

Exeter, Devonshire, 149 


Fa>Tsted, 148 

Foisted, Essex, 131 

Fenick's Inlet, 72, S3 

Ferry on Indian River, 70, 71 

Fieldhcad, England, 15 

Fires, 25, 43 

First City Troop, Philadelphia, 49 

Florida, 141 

Fort Nassau, 119 

France, U, 13, 18, 25, '55 

Lunacy Laws of, 33 
Franklin Day Nursery, 40 

Institute, 2 7, 4'1, 50 

Reformatory Home, 49 

Sugar Refinery, 30, 35, 42, 43, 44, 49, 
50, 52 
Fredericksburg, Virginia, 29 
Frelsted, Essex County, 130, 131, 134 
French and Indian War, 106 
French Patriotic Society of Philadelphia, 55 

Revolution, 11, 15, 18, 55 

Gengoteague Island, 99, 103 

Georgetown, Delaware, 70, 71, 73, 74, 75, 

76, 79, 85 
Germantown, 17, 35, 49 

Academy, 50 
Germany; Lunacy Laws of, 33 
Gilcallon, 1, 2, 3 
Gill Genealogy, 66 
Gillfoot, 65 
Gilsland, 2 
Gingotege, 115 

"Glenwood," Germantown, 31, 35 
Gloucestershire, England, SS 
Goshen, 60 
Gottingen, IS 
Graft, Holland, 128, 133 
Grasmere, 64 
Gravesend, England, 109 
Gray's Ferry, 27 
Graythwaite, 64 
Great Leighs, 148 
Grevis Leisse, 1 ' ' 

Greysouthen, 66 
Greystock, 1, 2, 5 
"Grey Towers," 52 
Grimston, Norfolk, 131, 132, 134 
Gwynedd, 59, 60 

Hailing, 147, 148 
Hanover, Germany, 18 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 34 
Harrison of Greystock, 1 

Harrison of Thurstonfield, 4 

Building, Philadelphia, 49 

Coat of Arms, 3 

Day Nursery, 40 

John, Laboratory of Chemistry, Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, 51 

Street, 25 

The George Leib Foundation, 45 

The George Leib Memorial House of the 
Episcopal Hospital, 38, 39, 51, 52 
Harthill, Yorkshire, 140, 144, 145 
Harvard University, 29, 30, 34, 44, 52 
Haverford, 59, 60 
Hawkshead, 9, 64 
Hayti, 29 
Hedwood, 1 

Hertfordshire, 130, 131, 134 
Hewett Genealogy, 143 
Hewerhill, 4 
Highborries, 7 
Highlawes, 64 
Hilekirk, 4 

Holm Cultram, 64, 65 
Holme Meeting, 4, 5, 65 
Home of Our Merciful Saviour, 52 
Hope Day Nursery, 40 

Hospital of the Franklin Sugar Refinery, 50 
Hothfield, 139 
House of Employment, Philadelphia, 13 

Refuge, 32, 49, 50 
Hungars' Parish, Virginia, 91, 98, 103 
Hunting Creek, 115 
Hoya, Hanover, 18 

Immigrants; Society for the Assistance of, 

Indian River, Delaware, 70, 71, 72, 73, 75, 

76, 79 
Indians; the North American, 50, 57, 119 
Inglewood Forest, S 
Insanity; The Laws Concerning, 33 
Iselham, Cambridge, 142 

Jail, the New, 77 
Jamaica, West Indies, IS 
James City, Virginia, 90, 92, 119 

River, 91 
Jersey Prison Ship, 77 
Jolly's Neck, Virginia, 93, 95 
Jones County, 72 

Genealogy, 62 

Kendal, 9, 64 

Kensington, Middlesex, 131, 133 
Philadelphia, 26, 27 


Kent County, England, 139, U", 14S 

on Delaware, 72, S5 
Kinfare, Forest of, 151 
King's Lynnc, Norfolk, 132 
Kirk Andrews, 7 

Laboratory of Chemistry; The John Harrison, 

Lancashire, 9 

Lancaster; Duchy of, 14S, 130 
Leeds, England, 15 
Leeward Islands, 93, 97 
Leib Genealogy, 53 

Leicester House, 141 , .^ , . 

Leipsic, 57 

Leveson Genealogy, 146 
• Lewes, Delaware, 70, 72 
Lewistown, Delaware, 70 
Lexington, 76 
. Likeside, 7 
Lillehall, 147 
Lincoln Day Nursery, 40 
Little Leighs, 14S 
Little ^Lissingham, 131 
Liverpool, 9, 11, 12 

London, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, U, 15, 16, IS, 41, 52, 
65, 66, SS, 89, 97, 112, 113, 117, 118, 
119, 120, 133, 140, 141, 142, 143, 145, 
Bridge, 140, 141. 143, 144 
Tower, 117 
Longburgh, 8 
Long Island, 77 

Long Love Branch, Virginia, 123 
Lower Norfolk, Virginia, 132 
Lucan's Mills, Germantown, 77 
Lunacy Laws; A collection of the, 33 
Lynn Haven, Virginia, 132 
Lynn, Norfolk, 131, 132 :, , 

Magdeburg, 57 
Maggetye Bay, 118 
Markham, Norfolk, 131 

Maryland, 13, 6S, 69, 70, 72, 83, 86, 95, 98, 
124, 123, 133 
Militia, 77 
Massachusetts, 13, 76 
Mediterranean, 24 
Medway River, 147 
Menoth, Ireland, 142 
Merion Company, 62 
Merion, Pennsylvania, 59, 62 
Merionethshire, Wales, 62 
Merry Branch, Virginia, 120 

Merscburg, 57 

Merton College, Oxford, 117 

Mexico, 48 

Miami River; the Little, 78 

Michael Genealogy, 128 

Michigan, 30, 57 

Middlcsceugh, 5 

Middlesex County, England, 90, 117 131 

Militia of Accomac County, 110 
Northampton Countv, 124 
Philadelphia, 2 7, 54,' 55, 56, 58 
Virginia, 91 

Mockon Island, Virginia, 94 

MontgomeryCounty, Pennsyh-ania, 51, 59,62 

Moorhouse, 6, 7, S, 9 

Morristown, New Jersey, 76 

Morry's Island, Virginia, 103 

Morve, 151 

Mosonyor, Virginia, 98 

Nantleidiog, Wales, 62 

Nantmel Township, Chester Countv, 60 

Nassawattocks, Virginia, 119 

Needhani Market, Suffolk, 13 

Negro Slaves, 9, 11, 12, 29, 73, 79, S3 93 
94, 103, 103, 107 

Nether Providence Township, 60 

New Amsterdam, 119 

Newberne, North Carolina, SO 

Newberry, England, 1 1 7 

Newcastle County on Delaware, 72, 85 

New England, 88, 119 

New Hampshire, 52 

New Jersey, 55, 77 
Mihtia, 77 

New Kent County, Virginia, 93 

New Netherlands, 119 

New Orleans, 18 

Newtown, 60 

New York, 13, 15, 29, 33, 42, 43, 48, 30, 52, 
57, 77, 85 

Ninth Virginia Regiment, 76, 77, 108 

Non-Importation Agreement, 18 

Norfolk County, England, 2, 67, 130, 131, 
132, 133 

Norfolk, Virginia, 133 

Northampton County, Virginia, 67, 68, 69, 
87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95, 96, 97, 
98, 99, 100, 102, 103, 103, 112. 114, 
117, 118, 119, 121, 123, 124, 126, 12S 
County Militia, 124 
Northamptonshire, 149 
North Carolina, 11, 13, 74, 80 
University, IS 


Norllicru Libertios of riiilndclphia, 29, 53, 

54. 56, 5S 
Northuniberland, Pennsylvania, 15 

"Oak Hall," VirK-inia, 103 
Officy Genealogy, 135 
Ohio, 7S 

River, 78 
Old Ferry Landing, Delaware, 71 
Onancock, Virginia, 112 
Orton, 7 

Osborne Genealogy, 139 
Oxford, England, 141 

University, 3, 45, 117. 135, 149 

Pardsay, 7, 66 
Pardshaw, 65, 66 

Cragg, 66 
Paris, 18 
Pellethow, 64 

Penn, The Remains of William, 34 
Pennsylvania, 9. 10, 11, 13, 15, 25, 29, 33. 
34, 36, 39, 43, 45, 49, 54, 55, 56, 57, 
58, 59, 62, 72, 84, 86 
Colonization Society, 12 
Pennsylvania's Plea concerning the Re- 
mains of William Penn, 34 
Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the 

Abolition of Slavery, 12, 13 
Pennsylvania; University of, 15, IS, 21, 22, 
28, 29, 34, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 
48,49, SO, 51, 57 
Penrith, 2, 3 
Pensenet Chase, 151 

Philadelphia, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 
18. 19, 21, 22, 25, 26, 27, 28. 29, 30, 
31, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 
46, 49, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 
60, 61, 62, 63, 77, 78, SO, 82, 83 
Association of Day Nurseries, 40 
Associators, 18 
City Cavalry, 49 
County, 62, 72 
Meeting, 10, 12, 14 
Militia, 27, 54, S5, 56, 53 
Occupied by the British, 77 
Society for the Information and Assist- 
ance of Persons Emigrating from 
Foreign Countries, 16 
Travellers' Aid Society, 40 
Yellow Fever in, 13 
Physicians, College of, 56 

College of, London, 117 
Pleshie Manor, 148 

Plymouth, Pennsylvania, 62, 63 
Pocomokc; Indian King of, 119 
Point-no-Point, 58 
Port au Prince, Hayti, 29 
Portsmouth, Virginia, 133 
Potomac; Army of the, 42 

River, 119 
"Poulson Place," Virginia, 112 
Preston, England, 12 
Prestwood Genealogy, 151 
Prestwood, Stafford, 146, 151 
"Priestley Lodge," 27, 29 
Princess Anne County, Virginia, 133 
Princeton University, 48 
Prussia, IS 

Quarehill, 4 

Queen's College, Cambridge, 131 

Radcliflfe College, 44 
Radnor, 60, 62 

Hunt, 52 
Rappahannock River, 126 
Refuge; House of, 32, 49, 50 
Revolution; The French, 11. 15, 18, 55 
Revolutionary War, 11, IS, 53, 55, 57, SS, 

60, 76, 77, 78, lOS 
Richards Genealogy, 59 
Richland District, South Carolina, 79 
Ridley Township, 60 
Riley Genealogy, 82 
Robinson Genealogy, 112 
"Rosedale," SI 
"RosedaleHall," 51, 52 

Rossleben, 57 

Rotherham, Yorkshire, 143 

Rotterdam, Holland, 53, 83, 89, 91, 100, 101, 

Row, 5 

Rowley, Stafford, 152 

Rugby Academy of Philadelphia, 52 

Rushall Genealogy, 152 

St. George's Parish, Virginia, 106 

St. John's College, Oxford, 3 

St. Martin's, Maryland, 72 

Saint Nicholas Day Nursery, 40 

Salt Coate, 64 

San Christoforo Day Nursery, 40 

Saxony, 57 

Scarburgh Genealogy, 117 

Schuylkill Fishing Company of the State in 

Schuylkill, 27 
Schuylkill River, 27, 30, 56 


Sciota River, 78 

Scotland, 9, 04, 95 

Seborijham, 5 

Senate of the United States, 20, 

56, 57 
Shackaniaxon Creek, 53 
Shadwell, England, 90 
Shield, 8 
Ship, BcUona, 19 

Carolus Secundus, 89 

Charles, 132 

Farewell and Rcwd, 12S 

George Barclay, 15 

Hobby Horse, 119 

Hapcivctl, 119 

James, 114 

Leopard, 19 

Melaiiipiis, 19 

Patience, 53 

Pelican, 141 

St. John of Amsterdam, 119 

Seahorse, 119 

Transport, 109 

White Horse, 119 

White of Home, 119 
"Shirley," Virginia, 121 
Skeall Towne,^ 
Skelton, 5 
SkeKvith, 64 
Slavery, 9, 11, 12, 29, 75, 79, 85, 93, 

101, 103, 105, 107 
Smart Genealogy, 126 
Smith's Island, Virginia, 94 
Snodland, Kent, 147 
Social Science; Chapters on, iZ 
Solway Firth, 7 

Somerset County, Maryland, 68, 70, 
South Carolina, 11, 79 
Southernby, 5 
South River, 70, 71, 119 
Southwark, London, 5, 141, 145 
SoiJthweald, Essex, 149 
Sowerby Castle, 4 

Parish, 4, 5, 65 

Row, 65 
Spanish Armada, 147 
Staffordshire, 135, 146, 151, 152 
Stainton, 1 
Stang End, 64 
Stanger, 7, 65 

State House, Philadelphia, 18, 53, 56, 
State in Schuylkill, The, 27 
State Island, Philadelphia, 16 
Stepheny Parish, 90 

Stockdalcwath, 5 

Stondharn Par\-a, Suffolk, 131 

Stonehuuse, S * 

Stoncrai-,e, 4, 5, 52 

Stordy House, 8 

Strafforth, ^'orkshirc, 143 

Strasburg, Germany, 53 

Suffolk County, En;land, IS, 131 

Sugar House; the Old, 7 7 

Sugar Refining, 50, 58 

Sulphuric Acid, 13, 17, IS, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 

24, 26 
Sunnyside Day Xursery, 40 
Supreme Court of the United States, 43 

Executive Council of Pennsylvania, 56 
Surrey, England, 117, 148 
Sussex County on Delaware, 69, 70, 71, 72, 

74, 75, 76, 79, 82, 84, 85 
Swinford, 151 
Swinford Regis, 151 

Taverns, 17, 55, 56 

Tengoleaguc Island, 98 

Tennessee, 80 

Thames River, 12, 140, 144 

Theological Seminary in Philadelphia, 57 

Thorogood Genealogy, 130 

Thurstonfield, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 65 

Tickhill, Yorkshire, 143 

Torresdale, Pennsylvania, 29, 58 

Travellers' Aid Society, 40 

Tredyffrin, Pennsylvania, 59 

United States, Boards of Public Charities, 33 

Democratic Society first organized in 
the, 55 

Lunacy Laws, 55 
University of Cambridge, 45, 117, 131, 135 

Columbia, 48, 57 

Harvard, 29, 34, 44, 51 

North Carolina, 15 

Oxford, 45, 117, 135, 149 

Pennsylvania, 13, 16, 18, 21, 22, 28, 
29, 34, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 
49, 50, 57 

Virginia, 15 

Yale, 48 
Ursinus College, 50 

Valley Forge, 78 

Vienna, IS 

Virginia Militia, 91, 96, 106, 110, 114, 124 

Ninth Regiment of, 108 

University, 13 


Wakefield, 9 

Wales, 62, 63, 132 

Wales, Vorksliire, 140, 143, 144, 143 

Walnut Street Prison, 7 7 

Walpol Manor, 67 

Waplcs Genealogy, 67 

War; French and Indian, 106 

War of 1S12-1814, 19 

War of the Revolution, 11, 18, 53, 55, 57, 

SS, 60, 76, 77, 7S, lOS 
"Warwick," Delaware, 70, 71, 74 
Washington, D. C, 20, 22, 34, 56, 57, 76, 7S, 

Wellingborough, 149 
Welsh, John, Centennial Professorship of 

Hbtory and English Literature, 42 
Welsh Quakers, 59 
West Genealogy, 114 
West Ham, Essex, 131 
West India Islands, IS, 29 
Westminster, 23, 140 
Westmoreland, England, 2, 139 
"Westover," Virginia, 97 
West Riding of Yorkshire, 143 
Westward Parish, 4 
VVTiig Society of Philadelphia, 56 

Whitehead Manufacture, 19,28 

White Xotley, 14S, 149 

Whitestoues, 5 tt 

Whittington Genealogy, 123 

Whorekill County, 72 

Whornes Place, 147 

Wigton, 4, 7 

Wilk; Delaware Bay called, S3 

Willenhall, StalTord^hire, 146, 14S, 152 

William and Mary College, 120 

Williamsburg, Virginia, 97, 9S 

"Wilsonia," Virginia, 96, 97, 123 

Wilsonia Xeck, Virginia, 97 

Winehale, 146 

Wisbich, 67 

Wise Genealogy, 109 

Wolverhampton, 146, 147, 152 

Woodchester, S8 

Woodhall, 4 

Woodstock, Virginia, 57 

Wormanby, 8 

Wray, 64 

Yale University, 48 

Yellow Fever in Philadelphia, 13, 16, 17, 55 

Yorkshire, 15, 140, 143, 144, 145 


9 ' H I