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3 1833 01707 8681 

Gc 977.202 H25h 

Hartford City illustrated 


..Hartford City Illustrated.. 

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Proiviinent Factories, Business Blocks, Residences 


Representative Commercial and Professional Men and Women 

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In one of the greatest states in the Union, and in the 
most fertile and productive county of that state, is located 
beautiful and progressive Hartford City, the future metrop- 
olis of Eastern Indiana. Time was when this bustling, 
thriving manufacturing city's chief claim for distuiction arose 
from the fact that it was the -judicial head of a ccunty that 
contamed a rich agricultural territory, with tine black loam 
soil that needed only to be cultivated by man's hand to in- 
duce it to give forth its most bounteous blessings. This was 
prior to the discovery of natural gas in the immediate 
neighborhood in the spring of 1S87, at which time Hart- 
ford City had a total population of not to exceed 2,0U0 people, 
none of whom dreamed of the coming inipi:)rtance of their 
humble village in the manufacturing and commercial world. 
With tnat discovery of nature's fuel a great change came over 
the comniunit}', and an awakening to a new and better life wag 
experienced; the rumblings of a metropolitan future were 
heard in the distance and honors unexpected and unsought 
were showered upon IIartf(jrd City. New and wide-awake 
people begun to locate here and they, working hand in hand 
with the older residents who were alive to the possibilities of 
the dny, eoon had the city fairly started on the road to wealth 
and fame. They did this in a thorough, 8}'stematic and direct 
manner, offering and giving free factory sites and free fuel and 
before long had a number of important manufacturing indus- 
tries located, which naturally gave a great impetus to the 
growth of the city. 

The increase in population from that time to the present 
has been slow but sure and today a conservative estimate of 
the residents within the city limits places the number at (j,orin. 
Probably one-half of these are employes, or wives and chil- 
dren of employes, of the various manufacturing industries lo- 
cated in the city, so these plants are great contributors to the 
wealth and prosperity of local commercial institutions. 

But those men who were working so hard to make Hartford 
City an ideal manufacturing centtr did not confine their efforts 
in that direction atone. They lived in this city, called it home, 
and were justly proud of the place; but at the same time they 
were painfully awnre that it was deficient in many of the ad- 
vantages usually found in a modern residence city. They be- 
gan work on another line — this time to remedy e.\i3ting defects 
— and many public improvements were soon projected and 
carried to surcessfu' i^sue. This work has been unceasingly 
continued from that time until the present, and today strang- 
ers admit that Hartford City is one of the most beautiful 
places in the country. We now have everything in the way 
of modern conveniences and improvements ordinary to metro- 
politan cities, and these are fine business blocks, modern hotels, 
palatial residences, beautiful churches, and convenient school 
buililings; we also have local and long distance telephones, 
electric light and power, as well as down town telegraph and 
express ottices. But this is not all, for we supplement these 
many advantages with fine block paved streets, stone, brick 
and cement pavements, an excellent sewerage system, and ef- 

ficient fire and police departments. Then nsain we have a frt e 
hbrary and readiii',; roDui, secret and benevolent orders of all 
kinds literary, musical and social organizations too numerous 
to mention. All these thint;3 add to the attractiveness of the 
city as a place of residence In addition to the many advan- 
tages jn-^t mentioned Hartford City has a practically unlimited 
sujjply of natural eas, excellent shipping and transportation 
facilities, as well as live and progressive commercial and pro- 
fessional men who have the interests of the city at heart. 

One other point that should not be overlooked in making 
claims for the future greatness of Hartford City is its proximity 
to the great Indiana oil lield. At the present time the lower 
edge of that field is but a few short miles north of the city lim- 
its and the close of every day brings additional testimony to 
the fact that before long Hartford City will be in its geograph- 
ical center. Already many of the local capitalists have inves- 
ted large sums of money in companies organized for the pur- 
pose of prospecting for oil and considerable work is being done 
in that line. 

And now, having in a general way explained the many ad- 
vant;iges attached to Hartford City as a place for the location 
of manufacturing and commercial institutions, as well as resi- 
dences, it 13 well to, in a brief manner, exiilain some of the in- 
teresting points of the citj', and therefore some of the follow- 
ing pages are devoted to that purpose. 


One of the many agencies that has contributed effectively to 
the up-building of the community is the Hartford City Land 
Co., which was incorporated under the state laws in .January, 
1891, with a capital stock of .Soill,iiOO, allot which is paid in. 
The object of its organization, briefly stated, was to secure the 
location of additional manufacturing industries in the city, 

thereby assuring an expansion of local mercaiilile trade. With 
this end in view the company makes the generous otler of free 
sites, free gas, excellent switching facilities, and reasonable 
cash subsidies to responsible parties who desire to esuiblish in- 
dustries that will give employment toa:iy number of workmen. 
Soon after its organization the company secured largo tracts 
of land located on both the north and south Bides of the city. 
That on the latter was laid off and platted into 592 lots and is 
now known as the South Side and the Cantwell A Patterson 
additions; over one hundred dwellings were erected by the 
company and these houses and the ground they occupied were 
soon sold, as well as great numbers of single lots. A few of 
the latter are still on the market and are 5fixJ:;0 feet in size 
while their value ranges from $')0 to S'-jO eacii. Most of the 
streets in these two additions are nicely graded and many of 
them are paved; the land is well situated and possesses excel- 
lent natural drainage. Taken altogether this part of the city 
has a bustling thriving appearance, and is an ideal working- 
man's district. 

The company's property on the north side of the citv is des- 
ignated as the 1st, 2d, and 3d additions and originally con- 
tained 1,000 lots. It is situated between the business district 
and the Sneath Glass Works and is all inside the city limits. 
The size and value of these lots is practically the same as those 
on the south side, and there are still some remaining unsold. 
This is a most desirable section for residence purposes and now 
contains some of the handsomest dwellings in the city. The 
large and elegant new North School building is also situated on 
this property 

The comiiny also owns some eighty additional 
acres just north of this property, which has been reserved for 
the use of factories. A railway switch, constructed and 
owned by the land company, runs from the L. E. & W. rail- 
way to this property and preparations are being made to ex- 
tend it to the Pan Handle railway, thus supplj'ing a "belt" line 
for the convenience of manufacturers. At present two Indus- 


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tries of considerable importTnceare on thisgrounit — tlie Pneatli 
Glais Workaand tlie Seuu-Steel Castings plant. The otiicers of 
the land company are nijvv in communication with several 
other concerns tliat are seeking liications and it is more than 
probable that some of them will be secured soon. 

The officers and directors of the Hartford City Land Co. are 
men well known in the business wurld and their connection 
with tlie company is an evulence of its reliability. Col. A. L. 
Conger, of Akron, (Jhio, is president; W. B. Cooley, vice presi- 
dent; S. \V. Cantwell, secretary and treasurer. The directors 
are: Col. A. L. Conger, president of the Whitman-Barnes 
-M'fg. Co.; Geo. T. Perkins, presulent of the First National 
Bank of Akron, Ohio; F. M. Atterholt, attorney; W. B. Cooley, 
president of tlie El:ickfor<l County Bank; CTias. AV. Cole, vice 
president of the Blackford County Bank; S. \V. Cantwell, at- 
torney; K. B. Conger, treasurer of the Muncie L«nd Co. All 
mquines in reference to the advantages oc Hartford City as a 
place for the location of factories, business institutions, resi- 
dences, etc., etc., addressed to S. \V. Cantwell, secretary of the 
company, will receive prompt attention. 


The opportunities afforded fur the acquisition of an educa- 
tion in Harttord City are not surpassed anywhere in the state. 
The system which now exists has been in progress of develop- 
ment since the t<')wn was originally settled and is as complete 
as years of experience can make it. The course of study em- 
braces twelve years' work — four years each in the primarj-, in- 
termedinte, an^lthehish school departments. In the latter 
the course is arrai'ired with a view to the wantsof students who 
complete their education there, with additional studies calcu- 
lated to qualify them to enter any of the state universities. 

The course in the intermediate department includes arithmetic 
geograph}',and jjranimar, etc., etc., rhile the primary studies 
are, of course, ot a preparatory character. 

The city has two tine public school buildings, known res- 
pectively as the North and booth Schools, they are both sub- 
stantially built of brick, commodious and well equipped, 
thoroughly lighted and ventilated, and provided with every 
au.xiliary and facility to add to the comfort and convenience of 
both teachers and pupils. The f>outh buildiag contains eight 
rooms and is under the charge of W'm. Keed, assisted by seven 
lady teachers. The North building has eleven rooms and 
Walter E. Ervin is the principal. Owing to the city's rapid in- 
crease in population these accomodations are not sufficient and 
the high school department and two primary grades occupy 
rooms away from the main buildings. The high school is loca- 
ted in the Evening News building and is in charge of Miss Jen- 
nie E. Hoover, assisted by Finley Gieiger. The two primary 
grades are located ca the West and South sides and are taught 
by Miss Nettie Tyner and Edwin C.Ford, respectively. It is 
believed that another large building will be erected within the 
near future, thus provuling additional accomodations. 

Nearly fourteen hundred pupils now have their names en- 
rolled upon the record, seventy-five of which are credited to 
the high school. Frank M. Beard is the city school superin- 
tendent and under his efficient management the standard of 
education is being rapidly elevated. 


The cause of religion found expression in the very earlj- 
days of the city's development and the religious character of 
the people, as also their liberality, has kept pace with munici- 
pal growtfi. This fact is evidenced by the large number of 

church organizations now in flourishing condition in Hartford 
City. These embrace the denominations of the following title: 
Methodist Episcopal, Presbyterian, <'hristian (the Church of 
Christ), Seventh L)ayAdventist^, United Brethern, Evangelical 
Lutheran, Wesleyan Mothodi>t, Catholic, and Baptist (Ger- 
man). All of these societies have church ediliceg of their own, 
some of them being very hanil:<ome and of striking architect- 
ual beauty. Besides the church organizations proper there are 
a number of societies more or less allied with the cliurclies and 
worUing wiih them in connection with the promotion of Chris- 
tianity ."benevolence and charity. 

The social and fraternal siiirit of the residents of Hartford 
City is evidenced by tlie many secret and benevolent organiza- 
tions that are in flourishing condition. Among the most im- 
portant of these should be mentioned the Free & Accepted 
JIasons, including a Subordinate Lodge, ('hapter of the Koj'al 
Arch Masons, and the Order of Eastern Star; Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows, hicliiding the Subordinate Lodge, Uni- 
formed liank. Encampment, and Daughters of Rcbekah; the 
Knights of Pythias, Independent Order of Pvcd Men, Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, Junior Order of Lnited American 
Mechanics, Knighted Order of the Tented J[accabees, and the 
Grand Army ofthe Republic. In addition to these there are a 
number of clubs organized solely for social enjoyment whose 
members are from among the city's best p(-oplc. 


As stated elsewliere the local supply of natural gas is prac- 
tically unlimited, there being plenty for home consumption 
and enough to spare to pipe it to other cities without diminish- 
ing the pressure in the least. In fact, instead of its force de- 
creasing it can be truthfully asserted that the pressure is even 

greater than when gas was first discovered in the neighbor- 
hood. The supply used within the city for illuminating and 
heating purposes is controlled by two companies, tlie Hartford 
City Natural CJas & < HI Co. and the Peoples Gas «"o. The lirst- 
named concern owns four wells and the other has live wells, 
all of which have a pressure of 27-5 to SdO pounds and a flow of 
of from •2,500,U.ii) to 6,0iJi)O,00U feet of gas each per day. 

The rates charged for residence heaters and cook stoves 
range from fifty to seventj--hve cents per month while ten il- 
lununating tips cost f."..!)6 per year. These companies also sup- 
ply some of the factories with gas for fuel although many of 
the manufacturing industries control their own supDly. 

When it is known that the Indiana gas belt, the largest in 
the world, has an area of nearly three thousand square miles, 
and that Hartford Cit}' is situated near its highest point, it re- 
quires no great amount of figuring to reach the conclusion 
that the local supply is almost inexhaustible. That this is a 
fact is conceded liy authorities on the subject ami nocity in the 
state has better prospects for continued prosjierity. 


It has been said— .md truly said — that the thrift, enterprise, 
and intelligence of any community can be fairly estimated by 
the number and character of its newspapers. Judged hy thi-* 
standard Hartford City is a leader among municipalities of 
equal size in this state, for it has four good ones — two daily 
and two weekly. All of tliese are ably edited and occupy a 
distinctive place in the front rank among their coiitemp<:>r:irics 
in the Gas heltof Indiana. They furnish their readers with a 
complete transcript of t'.io local news, as well as brief epitomes 
of interesting hapjienings at a distance; taken as a whole they 

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are good i)apers and n, credit to the city. The oldest is the 

Hartfokd City Tele hiam 

which w:is estnlilirilicii in ISTo and purchased by the present 
editor and piihlislier, E. E. Cox, in IS'Jl. It is a weekly paper, 
i.-'Sucd every Wednesday, a Eix-co!umn quarto, and has a lartte 
ciiy and county circulation, being recognized as the PKnith- 
picce of the local democratic pany. Its policy is to fcive the 
general news of county, state ami national importance in an 
impartial manner. The initial number of the 

IIautford City Evening Xews 

made its appearance in February, isn.3. being under the same 
managemeut as the Telegram, E. E. Cox, publisher and editor, 
and C. II. Hoover, city editor. It is a seven-column folio 
daily, with eight pageson Saturday, and is delivered hy carriers 
for ten cents a week. The Xews is a non political paper and 
devotes its space principally to disseminating local news. 

The IIaktioud City Times 

another weekly paper, was established in 1S84, but was pur- 
chased by A. \V. Tracy, the present owner and editor, Dec. 1, 
ls;i.5. It is a six-column quarto, of republican faith and is the 
otticial paper of the county. The subscription price is Sl.iio 
per year and since coming under Mr. Tracy's management 
has increased its circulation greatly. 

The Daily IJTiMES, 

an evening paper, is the offspring of the weekly, and is also 
edXed by Mr. Tracy, assisted by II. .Mercer, who holds the po- 
sition of city editor. It is a six-column quarto and is del'vered 
to any p-irt of the city for i,eu cents a week. It is also of re- 
publican faith and is the official city paper. Although the 

younp'p-'t daily in the city, Jan. 1,1896, being the date of its 
birth, like the Times it has a strung hold on public patronage. 


There is, perhaps, no feature that more fully indicates th.e 
business and commercial interests of a city than its financial 
institutions. The bank, to a great extent, is animmense artery 
channel that sup[ilies the life currents to nil busmees eiuer- 
prises, and 13 as indispensable to business life and activity as 
the great blo(5d channels are to animal vitality and e\i>icnce. 
Hartford City, estimated by this standard, makes an unusually 
solid and substantial showing, for there are few cities of its size 
possessed of belter or even as good banking facililie-*. Two 
banks, both state inslitutinns, furnish our manufacturers, mer- 
chants, and professional men, with excellent opportunities for 
exchange of money and paper. Of these two 

The Citizens' Bank 
is the oldest, as it opened its doors for business in ls72. For 
some years it was conducted as a private concern under the 
firm name of Sweetser & Matter but in ]s7'J the present man- 
agement secured control, merged it into a State bank and 
adopted the name now in u>c. Fronj that time to the ]iresent 
busine-is matters entrusted to its othcera have been succesjfully 
handled. A general banking businos is transacted and the 
accounts of individuals, firms, and corporations, aru solicited. 
The capital stock is $i;0,mijO and the surplus and undivided 
profits amount to S30,ijrio. The otficers are as follow^: H. R. 
Smith, president: C. Q. Shull, vice president; E. M. Stahl, 
cashier; J. B. Stahl, bookkeeper; S. J. Farrell, clerk. 

The Blackford County Bank 
has a capital stock of §75,UOU and is officered as foilowo: W. B. 

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Cooley , president; C. W. Cole, vice president, A. O. Lupton, cash- 
ier; J. A. Ncwbauer, assiot:int oushifr; M. tSchniidt and Anna 
Voss, book-keepers. The nianatijement is a liberal and pro- 
gressive one, a promoter o£ leijitimate enterprises, and stands 
everready to do alhn its power to advance the interests of Hart- 
ford City. However, combined with the qualities enumerated, 
it blends a conservatism that is a guarantee of the safety of 
any enterprise it may be iilentified with. This bank was in- 
corporated under the laws of the state in Dec. ISO-J, with a cap- 
ital stocli of $-'i<.i,00O; this amount was increased in January of 
the present year to the tij;ure first mentioned which gives it 
the largest banking capital in the county. In addition to this 
the Btock-holders, including such men as A. Lupton, president 
of the I'ennville (ind.) Kank, and Wm. H. Reed, president of 
the Citizens' Bank of Portland, Ind., represent over $l,OoO,OuO 
of capital. The bank has a large real estate backing, and is 
recognized as a substantial concern. 


Nothing is more iiuiicative of the growth and expansion of 
ITartford City's commercial and manufacturing interests than 
a glance at the amount of business transacted by the local 
[lostuttice during l*i.i-j. When this is compared with the tig- 
ures of 1804 and tlie years jirccefiling it the most skeptical 'pv'ill 
be compelled to admit that tlie city had a healthy and surpris- 
ing growth. During the year ending Dec. 31, 1895, the total 
number of pieces of mail handled "in" and "out," was 1,103,- 
ii3i>, an average of 3,527 daily, not including Sunday. The 
total weight of this matter amounted to thirty-one tons, and 
was more than double the business done in \><0l or any year 
]ireceding that one. It should here be mentioned that local 
mail, that is pieces addressed from resident to resident, is not 
included in either weight or number of pieces handled. The 
numbiT of money orders issued during 1S94 was 3,I4.'i, a 

monthly average of 287; during 180.5 the record shows that 4,.SCvi 
were issued, or an average of -in-j each n.onth. This shows an 
increase in the latter year of a total of l,41.j or 1 18 eachmontli. 
These figures do not include the International Money order 
business which, was considerable. 

In 1801 the rating of this olHce was changed from the fourth 
to the tlurd cla.-s, and from tlie fact tliat so far this 3-ear's bus- 
iness has been much greater than the corresponding period of 
last year, it is believed that witliin two years at the longest 
Hartford City will be placed in the second class with the atten- 
dant free delivery accomodations. Xot including two "star" 
routes there are nine mails received dail\- and an equal num- 
ber dispatched, e.xceptmg on Sunday when two mails arrive 
and two leave. Tliis Sunday feature is an addition made 
within the last year on account of increased business. For the 
convenience of patrons there are 8o7 private boxes, 4u0 of 
which are "call" boxes and the remainder "lock" boxc^. Of 
these 1-57 have been added within the la^t eighicen months and 
more will have to be placed in soon. The patrons of the post- 
office include a population of ll.oOO people which is nearly 
double tlie number tiitit u>ed it in IS'Jl. 

J. B. Chapman is the present postmaster and has held the 
office since Jan. 1, 18114. Hi^ adniinistratiua of its affairs have 
been extremely satisfactory to the public and he is recognized 
as a careful and painstaking official. His daughters, -Misses 
Maud A. and Urace G., act as first and second assistant, res- 


That Hartford City has a brilliant future no one will attempt 
to deny. The boom which it has and has had is not an artilic- 
ial one by any means, but is solid and substantial and founded 
on purely business conditions. That this is pois provrn by t'.ie 
confidence Its own citizens have exhibUed by erecting many 

handsome and substantial business blocks, residences and pub- 
lic buildmgs. Of the latter class the pride of the city is trie 
new county court house \vhicl\ is a structure of striking archi- 
tectual beauty. It was commenced in ItJ'ja and was ready for 
occupancy in December, 1^94, costing; complete Sr-O.OOii. It is 
a two-story building, with a half biisement and tower, and 
stands in the center of the public square. The interior is hand- 
somely frescoed throughout and finished in the highest style 
of art from top to bottcjni. 

Prominent among the business blocks stiould be mentioned 
the Cooley block, Campbell block, Briscoe block, Weiler block 
and the Hotel Ingram. The Weiler block, now being erected 
by \V. B. Cooley, will soon be occupied by A. Weiler iS: Bros., 
the general merchants, who will then conduct one of the largest 
department stores in the state of Indiana. The budding is 
three stories high, is composed of brick and iron and is abso- 
lutely fire proof. Each tloor is liiOxUJ feet in size and the en- 
tire building will be modern in all particulars, as it is to be fit- 
ted with elevators, electric lights, and every convenience. 

. The Hotel Ingram, which was erected in 1S'J3 and opened to 
the traveling pulilic Jan. 9, IS'.U. is also a credit to the city. It 
is under the iiKinagement of W. F. Cri^t, a hotel man of twelve 
years' experience. It has fortj--tive handsomely furnished 
guest rooms and a number of large sample rooms, and taken al- 
together make a welcome refuge for the weary "Knightof the 
Grip." The dining room, one of the chief features of this 
h(jiise, is a large, well ventilated room, resplendent with silver- 
ware, clean linen and is a model of neatness. The food placed 
on the table is the best the market affords and is gotten up in a 
style to suit the taste of the most critical. 

CiTV Water W.jrks. 

Hartford City is blessed witli an abundant supply of pure 
and wiiolesome water that, is obtained from four 8-inch artesian 
wells, each "J'jU feet deep. Over ten miles of,"mains arc in use 
through which the ,vater is forced by two Gordon Compound 

Duplex pumps, each with a nominal capacity of J.OOU.uiiO gal- 
lons per day. The entire water works system is owned by 'the 
city and cost about .•?43,nUi), bonds to" that amount having 
been issued to jirnvide for the payment. Work was com- 
menced on the plant during August, 18'.»1, and completed in 
January, l-Stlo, the mains also being laid within that time. Dur- 
ing lS9o more than three liundrcd services were put in making 
fully l,0<ii) consumers at the pre-ent time. From the very be- 
ginning the system has been self sustaining and the city will be 
able to redeem the bnnds before maturity, even after making 
contemplated extensions. For u.-e in case of fit e a supply of 
water is kept in a resorvoT with a 30U,U'iO gallon capacity and 
eighty-five hydrants or fire plm;s are scattered throughout the 
city. Edwin H. Ford is superintendent of the system. 

Local Firk Protection'. 

The city is protected against fire in the business and main 
residence districts by paid and volunteer fire departments. 
The former consists of tlie men who have charge of the head- 
quarters and the latter is composed of twenty citizens who 
work under the direction of C. S. Leonard, chief, and (ieo. ('. 
Laine, assistant chief. They have at their command a fine, 
all-steel hose wagon that is drawn by two horses, and have 
proven themselves successful fire fighters. The departniniit is 
well-equipped and responds to all calls promptly. An engine 
is not used as the water works system suijplies ail needed jires- 
sure, rjU pounds, which is a force capable of throwing from 
four to si.x streams of water a distance of i;>i1 feet. 

The south side also has a volunteer department which is 
known as the Diamond .s^pecials; it is equipped with a hand 
reel hose cart and occupies a special building erected by the 
individual members. John Mclntee acts as chief. 

Transport ATio.v F-vcilities. 

.\s one of many inducements for the location of manufac- 
turing industries Hartford City can ofler shipping and trans- 


portation facilities that are exrpptioriiilly gooil for a place of 
its size. Two railroads eiitrr ami leave the city, (jne east and 
west line and the other north and ^outh. The first is the " Pan- 
Handle" route, a portion of the Pennsylvania system, one of 
the greatest trunk lilies in the conntry. while tlie other is the 
Fort Wayne division of tlie Lake Erie & Western railway. 
These two roads either directly reach or make connections 
with all the principal trunk line roads in the country, and have 
guaranteed switching charges to all transfer points. 


Hartford City is particularly fortunate in its possession of 
many nianufacturint; industries that are not only permanent 
in location and reliable in character, but are of the kind that 
give employment to great numbers of people, many of them 
skilled mechanics who receive remunerative wages: hence, they 
are today all successes and great contributors to the city's 
wealth and general prosperity. Among the chief and most im- 
portant of these industries — considered from the standpoint of 
people employed and value of annual product — is the 

Hartford City Gl.\s3 Co., 

which has been in successful operation since 1891. Its plant is 
located on the south side of the city and the factory proper, 
with auxiliary buildings, covers twelve acres of ground. The 
business carried on is the manufacture of window glass and the 
product is conceded by authorities to he the best in the market, 
as it is of a clearness which is very striking and is entirely free 
from seeds and blemishes. This is accounted for by the fact 
that all the raw material that goes to make up the tinished 
goods is of the best quality, care being taken in its selection as 
the management desire to build up and maintain a reputation 

fur the integrity of the company's product. Although e\e:! 
at the beginning its operations were by no means on a small 
scale the capacity of the plant has been grutluully increas^'d as 
the quality of the goo<l3 became known, until at the preMiit 
time an average of 40,i)ii0 boxes of window glass (approximate- 
ly 2,000,000 square feet) are placed on the market each month . 

To do this requires the employment of .>">i) people — many of 
them skilled workmen — whose monthly pay-roll averages ?4'J,- 
000. The earnings of a blower runs from .SloO to S200 per 
month, that of a gatherer about §90, a flaltener's wages is f l-t' 
a month, and a cutter gets $140. It is easily seen that the dis- 
tribution of such a volume of money every thirty days is a 
good thing both for Hartford City and the employes. 

.\s this factory is one of the largest of the kind in the coun- 
try a little information about its details will prove interesting. 
There are two melting and blowing rooms, known as Xo. 1 and 
Xo. 2; the dimensions of the lirst-named are lliijxl^.j feet and 
it contains a tank eighty-tive feet long, eighteen feet wide, and 
six feet deep. The set of four flattening ovens belong to this 
tank and occupy a space f.f l.^Oxoti-) feet, while the cutting 
room is 50x305 feet in size. The corrugated galvanized iron 
roofs that cover the buildings are supported by immense steel 
trusses that extend from wall to wall in single pieces, thu> 
doing away with the necessity of obstructing pillars. In addi- 
tion "to these buildings there are two large warehouses, eacii -50 
xOSO feet in size, that are located on cither siile of the railway 
switch that traverses the company's property: then again there 
is a large blacksmith and machine shop, whi-re skilled me- 
chanics are employed in turning out all the blow pipes, tools 
and iron work used in the factory. 

This is a great source of economy to the company and in 
addition it manufactures all other articles necessary for its 
own use, such as clay tank blocks, Hoating dams and bridges., 
flattening stones, as well all packing boxes or cases, using for 
the latter purpose 3,000,000 feet of lumber annually. Natural 
gas, is, of course, used exclusively as a fuel, thereby ett'ecling 

l^jZf^iyi- V'^-S;<^ -pL/^^ 


a saving of tliousamls of itolhirs yearly in the expense acoonnt. 

One hundred and eightj'-four dwellings have been built by 
the companj'in the vicinity of the factories for the use of their 
workmen and families; 4ho of their hands live here, all of 
whom are married. They average hve to a family, and this 
makes 2,215 in the south side towards the total populaticjn of 
Hartford City, which is now estimated to be ti,0()ii, or nearly 
one-third of "the whole. It is evident, therefore, that the pros- 
perity of the window glass manufacturers means the prosperity 
of the city in a Uirge measure, and that this prosperity is likely 
to continue is evidenced by the fact that the pressure of nat- 
ural gas here is not excelled anywhere. 

The otticers of the Hartford City Glass Co. are: Oeo. T. Per- 
kins, president: .John A. .Jay, vice president: H. B. Smith, 
treasurer: J. R. Johnston, secretary: Richard Heagany, gener- 
al manager. The tirst three named are engaged in the banking 
business in Akron. Ohio, Kokomo and Hartford City, Ind., res- 
pectively, where thej' are well known and highly esteemed for 
their bu.siness ability, integrity and general worth. J. K.John- 
ston, the secretary, and Richard Heagany, tlie general mana- 
ger, devote their entire personal attention to the affairs of the 
company, and no higher compliment could be paid thes" gen- 
tlemen than to say that they have the confidence of their su- 
periors, the respect of their employes, and that their conduct 
of the affairs of the company has been marked by intelligent 

The Sne.\th Glass Co. 

is another local manufacturing concern of considerable magni- 
tude and second only in importance to the one just described, 
although the business carried on is entirely different. The 
Sneath (.tIkss Co. is engaged in the manufacture of all kinds of 
lantern globes, giving especial attention to railway and ship 
lantern globes and semaphore glass: it also has the distinction 
of being one of three factories in the United States that make 

what are known as copper ruby globes. The annual value of 
this company's product exceeds •i'lOOjiiUO and there is a daily av- 
erage output of l,20o dozen lantern globes, fifty dozen sema- 
phores, and from fifty to seventy-live dozen copper ruby 
globes. To do this necessitates the steady employment of 
about ninety hands who annually receive over S40,uOii in 

This industry was originally established in 188'.) at Tiffin, 
Ohio, and was known as the Tiffin Glass Co.. two years later the 
UMnie was changed to the one now in use, and in .May, 1S;'4, the 
plant was located in this cit}'. It covers three acres of ground 
and the main building, three warehouses and cooper ^hop, are 
all substantially built and leml a prosperous and busy appear- 
ance t(i the section of the city in which they are situated. 

To tit these biiihlings with machinery necessary for the suc- 
cessful manufacture of this company's goods cost over s|-j,oou, 
and it is needless to add that everything in use is of tlie latest 
improved pattern. 

The Sneath Glass Co.s factory is the only one in the L'nited 
States devoting its entire attention to this one line of goods, 
anil it makes more globes than any two concerns in existence: 
that the quality of its product is evidenced by the fact that a 
market is found for the goods over the entire l'nited States, while 
considerable exporting is done. Manufacturers of lantern 
frames are extensive patrons of the company and many of the 
leading railroads are numliered among Us permanent custom- 
ers. .\gencies have been established in New York, Chicago, 
Philadelphia, Pittsburg, New Orleans, and many other large 

Natural gas is the only fuel in use and is secured from a 
well owned by the company, which has a capacity of 6,000,0(iO 
cubic feet per day and is one of the best wells in the county. 
All barrels used for shipment of globes and semaphores are 
manufactured by the conipan}', as are the glass moulds, which 
are made from cast iron. 

The officers of the Sneath i Mass Co. are as follows; R. D. 

Sneath, president; J. W. Geiger, treasurer: A. C. Crimniel, 
secretary; Harry ("riiiiniel, manager. The}- are all men (if ex- 
perience and ability and have worked hard to bring their com- 
pany's product up t<i the proud standard of perfection it lias 
reached. Under their judicious management the future suc- 
cess of the concern they represent is assured and the iiuality 
of their goods will never grow less. 

The H.^rtforu ( itv Pai-kr Co. • 

is the largest institution of the kind in the state and was lo- 
cated in Hartford City during the year 18!i'.2. Both news and 
manilla paper are manufactured and a ready sale of the com- 
pany's product is found among the jobbers of the central and 
southern sUites. The mill is equipped with machinery of the 
most approved pattern and a process of manufacture origina- 
ted by the company enables the production of paper stock at 
a less cost than that of competitors. One brand of manilla 
paper known as "Texas," manufactured at this mill, is in es- 
pecial favor with the trade; it is a butcher's wrapping paper 
and has practically superceded the use of conmion s(raw paper 
as it is much cleaner and has a more inviting appearance. 

The water useil in the manufacture of this company's paper 
is secured from a large artirtcial lake near the mill, which is 
teeming with trout, an evidence of its purity. The natural gas 
which is used for fuel comes from the company's own wells 
and the supply is ample for all needs. 

About one hundred employes are given steady work and 
the company's annual pay njlfis over $30,000, while the value 
of the year's product is fully si.>o,oiiO. A. D. Schaetl'er is the 
local manager. 

Thk Utility P.\per Co. 

was organized during the fall of 1890 and the following .Jan- 
uary began active operations; the company is incorporateil un- 
der the laws of the State of Iniliana and has a capital stock of 
$r20,000. The business carried on is the manufacture of strnw 

wrapping paper, nearly six thousand tons of which are made 
and ^(dd each year. The works cover an area of six acres, ha.s 
solid stone and brick huiUiings with slate roofs, and is located 
on Lick ('reek just south of the L. E. & \V. tie pot. 

From seventy-tive to eighty hands are given steady employ 
ment in the C(jmpany's mill at Hartford City, whileforty-live 
others act as straw buyers and shippers in the territory "from 
which the raw material is secured. To pay this large force for 
services performed not less than ^45,000 is required each year, 
and this sum distributed in the regular channels of commerce 
is a great benefit to the community. 

The otticers of the Utility Paper Co. are the following: X. H. 
Trentman, president; \V. .s. Bash, vice president: .lohn Mohr, 
.Jr., secretary and treasurer: S. li. Fleming, local secretary and 
cashier. Messrs. Trenlm:;;; and Fleming are both residents of 
H:irtfiird City ami give the business their per.sonal supervision: 
under their judicious management of affairs tlie success of the 
company has been phenoniinal and the produoi, of the mill is 
now shipped over almost the entire country- and gives the 
greatest .satisfaction to consumers. 

The Con(;ress Cvci.k Co. 

is one of the late<t additions to lltirtford City's manufacturing 
circle, althnugh it i-i by no means the least important as it givi-s 
employment to seventy-five workme:', many of whom are 
practical and experienced mechiinics who comm:ind good 
wages. This concern began the manufacture of high grade bi- 
cycies during October, Issto, and the DO|)ularity of its product is 
evidenced by the fact that nearly all of this season's dutpiii is 
alreaily contracted for: in round rtgures this amounts to lU,niio 
wheels, truly a wonderful showing for a new company. 

The "Senator," for gentlemen, and the "Uipsy t^ueen," for 
laiiies, are the names of the two machines made by the Con- 
gress Cycle Co.; they are strictly high grade wheels, and arc 
doing much to advertise Hartford City abroad. 

the otticers of the company are M. Frash, president; .lohn 


Frash, treasurer ; I. T. Beard, secretary; V. A. Frash, manager. 
Under their direction tlie factor}- has been fitted with tiie latest 
improved machiner}-, all of whicli was built expressly fur tlie 

ChAS. H. IlfBllAKD 

is a manufacturer of wagon spokes and carnacte turned work 
anil has been engaged in that business in Hartford Tit}- since 
ISiiO. The product of his establishment is sold over the entire 
United States, Mr. Hubbard, however, dealing only with the 
jobbing trade. About fifty men are engaged in this industry, 
finding comparatively steady employment. 
Meredith, Da>[os & i- o. 
is the name of a tirm that is engaged in the manufacture of 
barrel staves and headings, also making a specialty of butter 
tub stock. From forty to forty five men are given steady em- 
ployment during the twelve months of the year and the annual 
pay roll of the company is Sr2,(J0O. 

The output of the concern last year was sold in seventeen 
different states and its value was in excess of >i.30,U(iO; during 
the present year it is confidently expected that the business 
transacted will not be less than ■?50,UO0, as each year of the 
company's existence has >een an expansion of trade. 

C. H. <'roninger, the resident manager, has been with the 
company ever since the Hartford City factor\- was established 
six j'ears ago. He is a man of wide experience in this line and 
under his able direction the business ha^ prospered. 

The Willmax Ltmber Co. 
located on East Washington street, was organized and incor- 
porated in March, 189.3, and is engaged in the manufacture of 
sash, doors, blinds, stair work and all kinds of interior and ex- 
terior decorations for houses. The plant is well equipped with 
modern improved machinery and the facilities for turning out 
first-class work are unexcelled in this p-irt of the state. This 
firm also does a retail bu-nness in hard and soft lumber and all 
kinds of builders' materials, the trade in both particulars being 

principally local — that is confined to Hartford City, the adja- 
cent country and neighboring towns. Employment is given to 
about twentj'-five men, all of whom receive good wages and 
comparatively steady work. 

The Willman Lumber Co. is officered as follows; .lohn Mon- 
tano, president: .1. l\ Willman, vice president; A. G. Luptnn, 
treasurer: I-t. K. Willman, secret;iry and manager. The first 
named, Mr. .\Iontano, is a resident of Union Cit\-, Ind., while 
all of the others live in Hartford City and enjoy the confidence 
and esteem of the community. J. P. and K. K. Willman de- 
vote their entire attention to the companj''s affairs, and 
the volume of the trade enjoyed by it evidences 
their efficiency in that direction. A. G. I.upton. the 
treasurer, is cashier of the Blackford County Bank and pos- 
sesses a large acquaintance throughout the county. 

A. .V. BowMA.v A Co. 
are manufacturers of surreys, buggies; and light vehiclesof all 
descriptions, and have been in business in Hartford cjiy for the 
past eight years; the local patronage bestowed upon the firm 
has increased each year as the public apparently appreciates 
the value of first-class work. The shop is located at the cor- 
ner of X'ain and Monroe streets and especial attention is given 
to fine repair work. 


is the firm name of a concern that manufacturers patent elm 
hoops and has been doing a large business ever since it was es- 
tablished, four years ago. The goods of this company's man- 
ufacture possess an enviable reputation and are sold over the 
entire United States. 

Messrs. Winklebleck it Winning are also retail dealers in 
hardwood lumber and transact a large business in that line. In 
the various departments of the C(jmpany's plant twenty-five 
hands are given steady employment throughout the entire 
vear. -J. E. Winning, tiie junior member of the firm, is the 
general business manager. 

WHO THEY l^RE - - 

And Something About the Positions Occupied by the Ladies and Gentlemen Whose Features 
are Reproduced in This Publication. 

Adams, H. B., of the firm known as 
Crist-Adams Co., dealers in harne;)i and 
all articles of horsewear, as well as lii^ht 
vehicles of all descriptions. Mr. ,\danis 
is well known throughout tlie city and 
county and is recoKnized as n reliable Vms- 
iness man. The tirni of which he is a 
member also does considerable business in 
the real estate line. 

Adams, J. C, photographer, located his 
business in Hartford city three years aijo. 
He is an adept at all kinds of photo- 
graphic work and makes a specialty of 
free hand crayon portraits. 

Alexander, J. F., is a physician of 
the regular school and has been practicing 
his profession in Hartford City for the 
past twelve j'ears. Dr. Alexander is a 
graduate of the University of Pennsylva- 

nia and came to this city from Philadel- 
phia. He is connerted with the O. X R., 
being entitled to membership ia that or- 
ganization from the fact tliat he served 
over f<jur years as a soldier ia the war of 
the rebellion. 

.4nder8on, 0., is a member of the 
firm of Cronin & Anderson, druggists, and 
was born in Warren, Ind., in 1851. For 
thirteen years he was identitied with the 
drug business in that city and has been 
located here for nearly three years. Mr. 
Anderson is a member of the F. & A. M. 
and has made many warm friemls during 
his residence in Hartford City. 

Anderman, Miss Rae, is a bookkeep- 
er and stenographer in the ortice of S. J. 
Emshwiller, real estate dealer, loan and 
insurance agent. 

— •21 — 

Arrick, C C, is manager of the local 
oflice of the Western Union Telegrapli 
company and has he'd that position for 
the last two years. He is well and favor- 
ably known in the city and has resideil 
here for five years. Mr. .\rrick is a mem- 
ber of the local lodge of the K. of P. 

jVvres, G. P., conducts a first-class 
grocery and meat market which is located 
(jn the northwest corner of the public 
si|uare. He was born and rai-ed in Hart- 
ford ( ity and has been established in hi-^ 
pre-ent bu>iness for thirteen years. Mr. 
.\yres is also a member of the citj- council 
as in the spring of IS'.i-t he was elected to 
that hoily by the Republican party to rep- 
resent the third ward. Socially he is a 
member of the K. of P. order. 

r- <■ r ^^ 


Beard, Frank .H., superintendent uf 
the Uailford Lit}- pablic scliools is con- 
ceded by aiitlioritiea to be an etlueator 
(vitli advanced ideas and one wlio is doing 
much to advance the efficiency of the 
teachers who work under hia directions. 
Prof, lieard has engaged in educational 
work since tlie fall of Is'.M, and wherever 
employed has given the best of satisfaction. 
lie gratluated from DePauw University 
with great honors in the Class of ''J2. In 
the summer of 1N'J4 he was selected to dis- 
charge the duties of the office he now 
holds and it is safe to add that the wisdom 
of that selection has never been questioned. 

IJedwell, J. A., has been a resident of 
Hartford City for the past sixteen years 
and for ten years of that time was con- 
nected with the Cleo. Gable Dry OoodsCo. 
Mr. iJedwell is well known in the county 
and numbers his friends by the liundreds. 
tSocially he is affiliated "with the local 
lodge of the K. of P. 

Bell, C. L.. is one of Hartford City'i 
leading pliysicians of the younger genera- 
tion and has been practicing medicine in 
this locality for over two years. He occu- 
pies a suite of pleasantly furnished office 
rooms in the Briscoe block and is rapidly 
acquiring a large and desirable practice. 
Dr. Bell is a graduate of the Starling Med- 
ical (.'oUege, of Columbus, Oh:o. At the 
present time he holds the position of 
county health officer and is a member in 
good standing of the local K. of P. lodge. 

Bell, J. E., is a memlier of the firm of 
Bell A Harris, dealers in boots and shoes. 
and located on the south side of the pub- 
lic square in the Bri-coe block. Mr. Bell 
has been a resident of the city for the past 
twelve years, and has a large number of 
acquaintances and friends. His hrm is a 
prosperous one and does a business that is 
second to none other in the same line in 
the city. 

Bell, T. B., is a jevyeler and optician 
whose place of business is on the we.-tside 
of the public S(|uare. Mr. Bell has been a 
resident of Hartford City for twelve years 
and established himself in his present bus- 
iness something less than two years ago. 
.Socially he is a K. of 1'. 

Bell, W. H., is junior member of the 
firm of Co.x & Bell, furniture dealers, un- 
dertakers and embalmers, and gives all 
of his time to the management of a 
branch store at the thriving little oil town 
known as Van Buren. Fraternally Mr. 
Bell is an F. & A. M. 

Boulinm, Joliu A., is Hartford City's 
chief executive being elected to the office 
of mayor in the spruig of 1n'J4; since that 
time he has perfcjrnied the public duties 
of the position in such a manner as to re- 
flect credit both upim himself and hispar- 
ty. Mayor Bonham was born in Black- 
ford county and has a large personal ac- 
quaintance among its residents; being an 
ardent Kepublican and a tireless worker in 

that party's behalf he has been honored 
with (lublic otlice many times. In lsS4 lie 
was elected to the position of town clerk, 
re-elected in is.s.i, and again in l^>t); he 
subsequently served a two-year term as 
town trustee; from 1SS4 to 1.'>.^.S, inclusive, 
was town attorney, and in ISsi) and in l^'.nj 
was county prosecutor. In the latteryear 
he left Hartford City and located in Wash- 
ington Co., Colo., wliere he remained for 
three years, one year of that time holding 
the positions of county attorney and a 
member of the Republican County Central 
Coiiimitlee. In the spring of lsy3 lie re- 
turned to his old home and again identi- 
fied himself with public attairs, the follow- 
ing sjiring being elected to the office he 
now holds and later the same j'ear was 
chairman of the Republican County Cen- 
tral Committee. Mayor Konhaiu takes a 
great interest in municipal attairs and is a 
willing worker for any enterprise that has 
for its end local advancement. Socially 
he is a member of the I. C). O. F., the K. 
of P., and the Jr. 0. U. A. M. 

Boiiham, J. M., of the firm of McCieath. 
BonlKiiu A 'I'rant, was bom on a farm in 
Blackford county and devoted the earlier 
years of his life to agricultural pursuits. 
From IST'J to ISSS he taught in the public 
schools of the district, and in the latter 
year was nominated by the Democratic 
party for the office of recorder of the 
County. His election followed and he 
gave a more than satisfactory admmistra 

L-- v/B.c°°'-^^'^.R^^"'^"" r ~ 

LEw.i/>^c(;(^e^DY5 Rc>. ,j 

tion of the affairs of the office. At the ex- 
piration of his term Mr. Hon ham became 
associated with J. P. Mcdfuth in the ab- 
stract, real estate, loan and insurance bus- 
iness and tiie tirm was kni)vvn as Mctleatli 
& Bonham until the admission of Mr. 
Trant some time later. Mr. Bonham is a 
member in good standing of both the I.O. 
(>. F. and the K. of ?. lodges ami is ex- 
tremely popular with all classes, irrespec- 
tive of political opinion. 

Bowman, A. A., is a member of the firm 
of .v. \. Bowman & <'o., manufacturers of 
surries, buggies and light vehicles. 

Bowman, J. B., is also a member of the 
tirm mentioned above. 

Bowman, J. T., is another member of 
the same tirm. 

Briscoe. Miss Francis M., is a teacher 
in the South school building. 

Bn^li, Jesse, the present shcrifTof Black- 
ford county, was born in I'erry Co., Ohio, 
in 1847; one year later his parents moved to 
this county and he has re-ided here ever 
since. When sixteen years old Mr. Bugh 
became a soldier in defense of his country 
serving five months in Co. I, 13Stli Indiana 
Volunteers. Politically he is a Republican 
and was elected to his position on that 
party's ticket in Nov. 1894, taking the of- 
fice .\ug. 24, 1895. So far he has proven 
himself a capable officer and justified the 
expectations of his friends. 

Bnp:h, I.everett, is a deputy in the office 
of his father, Jesse Bugli,the sheritf of 
Blackford county. Mr. llugh, the young- 
er, is twenty-six years of age, was boin in 
this county and prior to appointment to 
the office he now lioids resided in Wash- 
ington township where he engaged in 

Caldwell, A. M., member of the firm of 
Krauss & Caldwell, dealers in drugs and 
druggists' sundries, has been a resident of 
Ilantord City since the year 1S87. lie is 
a druggist of over ts\-elve years' experience 
and has been a member of the present tirm 
since 1891. Mr. Caldwell is affiliated wltti 
the local K. of P. lodge and personally is 
a very pleasant gentleman. 

Caldwell. D. C, is now serving his sec- 
ond term as clerk of l;l:ickfi>rd county 
which fact is a sufficient guarantee of his 
fitness for the position. lie was first elec- 
ted in 1888 and re-elected to succeed him- 
self four years later. Mr. Caldwell is a 
true and tried democrat and has been one 
of the wheel horses for that party since he 
located in Blackford county during the 
year 1874. 

Camphell, W. H.. is senior member of 
the lirni of Campbell it Ervin, dealers in 
dry goods, carpels, clothing, boots and 
shoes. Mr. Campbell gives his personal at- 
tention to the business and what is gener- 
ally and properly termed a successful 
businessman. His store has been in suc- 

cessful operation for fourteen years and 

empUiyment is given to six clerks. 

tautwell. John, is senior member of the 
firm of Cantwell, Cantwell & Mmnion-. 
the well-known attorneys at lav,-. He 
was born June 29, 1822, in Canton. 
Stark Co., Ohio, and located in Indi- 
ana when twenty years of age. Snon 
afterwards he began to study law during 
spare moments and in 18.">2 was adiniUed 
to the bar and commenced the pr:iciice of 
law in 8-ciitt county. Mr. Cantwell re- 
moved to this county in 18."i7 and has livcil 
here continuously since; with the excep- 
tion of a period of six years when he en- 
gaged in farming he has been pracucing 
his chosen profession. Politically Mr. 
Cantwell is an uncompromising opponeiil 
of democracy, believing that its 
are detrimental to the country's best in- 
terests; prior to tin birth of the Kepuiili- 
can party in IS.'h! he was a Wtiig but since 
that time he has always voted the Repub- 
lican ticket. 

Cantwell, S. W., attorney at law, and 
member of the tirm of Cantwell, Cant- 
well & SimiiKms, was born in this county 
inl8.J9and has always made it his honie. 
He began the study of law prior to reach- 
ing hi's maj.)rity and in 18^0 graduated 
from the Central Law School of Indianap- 
olis; one year later he had taken a literary 
course in OePauw University and gradu- 
ated from that institution with high liiui- 
ors. Mr. Cantwell then returned to Hart- 

ford City and begnn to practice law, be- 
coming a partner cit' liii fatlier. The Hrm 
name was C'annvell & L'antwell until Nov. 
1S94, when L. B. Simmons' name was add- 
ed. Mr. Cantwell is a Republican and 
has always been prominently identified 
witli that party's affairs. In 1^*8 he was 
a member of the Republican State Central 
Conimitiee and has twice been prosecu- 
ting attorney for this district. Inaddition 
to his law business Mr. Cantwell hasniany 
other intere'^ts; he is a director of the 
Black-ford Co. bank and Akron Oil Co., 
and is al^o secretary and treasurer of the 
Hartford City Land Co. and as such has 
been instrumental in accomplishing much 
good for the city. Socially he is connect- 
ed with the K. of P. order. 

riiitwell. Miss Eliiora, is a teacher in 
the North school buildmg. 

Casterline, C. L., is senior member of 
the firm of Casterline & Co., jewelers and 
ciplicians, and has been in business in 
Hartford City for the last nine years. His 
[ilace of business is on the south side of 
the public sijuare. Mr. Casterline is also 
local manager of the Central L'nion Tele- 
phone company's affairs and is well 
known in the community. 

Casterliue. Mrs. C. L., wife of C. L. 
Casterline the jeweler, is direi'fly m- 
terested in the management of her hus- 
band's business affairs, as she is herself an 
expert jeweler. 

Cawley, .T. W., lias been Hartford City's 
leading mercliant tailor fur the past eight 
years. His business roi>in is located in 
the Cooley block and contains an ample 
stnck uf foreign and domestic suitings, ami 
as .Mr. Cawley himself is a practical cut- 
ter and fitter, the work turned out from 
his estabhshment is alwavs satisfactory. 


in the City Council, and is the president 
of that body. He is also a member of the 
I. O. O. F. and the F. & .A.. M. 

Politically sneaking Mr. Cawley is a re- 
publican ana represents the Fourth Ward 

Chapman, J. B.. is Hartford City's 
postmaster and since faking posse-^sion of 
liis office, .Ian. 1, 1S94, has performed his 
duties in a more than creditable manner. 
He was horn in Allen Co., Iiid., in lSi4, 
ami has alwaysresided in this state. He 
located in Blackford county a little over 
ten years ago, and until the timeofliis 
appointment to office lived ^n a farm in 
Licking township and worked at the car- 
penter trade. He had always been a 
tighter for the cause of democracy but 
never sought public office until lie made 
the race for the postmnsfership. Mr. 
chapman fias given an ail ministration of 
the duties of his position in a way thathas 
made a favorable impression with the lo- 
cal business men and the gen.eral public. 
He is a pleisant and obliging gentleman 
whose great desire is to render every ser- 
vice to those who pi.fronize his office. 

Chapnian, Miss Man*! .V., daughter of J. 
P.. ( hapnian, is fir-t assistant in the Hart- 
ford City postoffice and performs her 
otiicial duties in a satisfactory manner. 

riiapmaii. 3[iss Grace G., also a daugh- 
ter of . I. B. chapman, is second assistant 
in the postoffice. Like her sister she is 
prompt and reliable in transacting official 

Clapper, M. M.. is a physician with a 
recognized standing in the city and occu- 
pies a pleasant suite of office rooms in the 
Uowell bldCK. He is a graduate of the 
Xortlnvestern L'niversity Medical College 
of Chicago and since his location in Hart- 
ford City has acquired a host of friends. 
Socially Dr. Clapper is a member of the 
I. O. O. F. 

rionser, N. T)., is the oldest practicing 
resident physician in Hartford City, and 
is hislily esteemed by all acquain'tances 
on account of his many sterling qualities. 

Cole, Chas. W., is vice-president of the 
Blackford iJounty Rank and one of Hart- 
ford City's representative men of the 
younger gi^neration. He isalsuone of the 
directors of the Hartford City Laml Co. 
and has numerous otlier local interests. 

Cole, F.nos, is an attorney at lawand h«» 
hern actively engageil at his chosen j'ro- 
fe->-ion in Hartford ( ity for the la<l five 
years. His ollii'e is in the Kir-hb-iimi 
block, where he gives attention to legal 
matters of all kinds and is prepared to 

the picture of Norman Wood, and Mr. Wood's name under 

NOTE:— Throug-h an unfortunate mistake, not discovered until 
^ -" too late to be rectified, the name of Jav A.. Hindman appears under ;| 

Mr. Hin d- J 

practice in the state and county courts. 
Mr. Cole 13 au cx-tiiwn clerk and a mem- 
ber of the K. of I', order. 

Cong-er, Col. .1. L , president of the 
Hartford City Land Co., was born in Eos- 
ton, S^ummit Co., (Jliio, Feb. 19, is:;s. He 
was a farmer's son and began his business 
career at the age of ten in a foundry, 
working for ten cents a day; soon after- 
wards, however, securing a position in a 
tlourmg null at the increased wages of 
twenty five cents per day. Later he em- 
barked U[ion the Ohio canal where he re- 
mained for two years, or until he began 
teaching sclioul, which occupation he fol- 
lowed until war was declared witii the 
South. At that time he enlisted in the ar- 
my as a private; was soon made Sei'ond 
Lieutenant, then First Lieutenant, and af- 
ter the final surrender at Appomafox, re- 
turned home in cimimand of hisconipany. 
He has always taken a prominent pare in 
politics, and while never a candidate for 
office he has served an entire apprentice- 
ship upon republican committees, having 
been a member of the National Repulili- 
can E.xeciUive committee for eight yc:irs; 
he has also been twice elected treasurer of 
Summit county. Col. Conger is also 
prominent in Grand .Army circles and was 
Commander of the Department of Oliio in 
ISSfi. He is identified in a prominent way 
with many important manufacturing in- 
dustries; he is president of the Whitman & 
Barnes M'fg. Co., operating several large 

factories throughout ttiis country and Can- 
ada; is vice-president of the Pittsburg 
Glass Company, operating nine ditt'erent 
plants in the L'liited States, establislied 
the American Tin Plate Co., at Khvood, 
Fnd., which has grown to be the largest 
tin plate factory in the world; was presi-- 
dent of the Hartford Ciiy Glass Co. until 
recently; is president of the Akron Steam 
Forge Co., Icicated at Klwood, Ind; and a 
director in numerous other manufactur- 
ing concerns at Akron, <Thio., of which 
city Col. Conger is a resident. 

fooley, W. H., is president of the Black- 
ford County Bank, president of the Elec- 
tric Light i 'o., vice president of the Hart- 
ford ( ity Land Co. and treasurer of the 
P(jard of Education, besides being promi- 
nently identified with many local business 
enterprises of various character. He was 
born and has always lived in Hartford City 
and is one of the b'est known men in 
Blackford county. 

and located in Blackford county in 1S4.''>. 
For some time he engaged in farming but 
for the last forty years he has been in the 
jewelry busine.-s. Nov. 1, ISSS, Mr. Thom- 
as was taken in as a partner. 

Cox. R. T.., editor and publisher of the 
Hartford City Telegram and the Evening 
News, is a newspaper man of extensive ex- 
perience a fact that is aptly flemonstrated 
by the capable manner in which he con- 
ducts his two publications. He was horn 
in Tipton, lud*., in IsiiS, but came to Hart- 
ford City in ISfll from Peru, Ind., where 
he had been identified Hith newspapers 
for several years. Shortly after his arrival 
here Mr. Cox purchased the Hartford 
City Telegram, a weekly paper, and in 
February, 1S'.I8, begin the publication of 
the Evening News, and from that time to 
the present has been very succes>ful with 
both publications. Socially he isattiliated 
with the F. ,!i A. M., and the K. of P. so- 

Covaiilt, J. F., has been a practicing Cox, W. H.. ia senior member of the firm 
dentist in Harl ford City for the past ten of Cux & Bell, furniture dealers, under- 
ycars and in the county for over twenty takers and embalmers; he gives the bu>i- 
years. He has an enviable standing in ness his personal supervision and by his 
the community and this fact is due to" his artable manner has made many friends for 
strict atteniiiin to busmess and his ever himself and steady patrons for the store, 
courteous manner. Dr. Covaiilt is a mem- Mr. Cox is a menilier of both the K. of 1'. 
ber of the local lodge of the K. of P. and the F. & A. JI. societie^. 

Covanlt, P. JI., senior member of the Croiiin, J. P.. the senior member of tlie 
firm of Covault A Thomas, jewelers, was firm of Cronin & Winters, dealers in gen- 
born in Penusylvaniasixty-seven years ago eral merchandise, is one of Hartford 

'■ ' ii:' f^: 




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city's best known husinoss men. His firm 
hen been in existence twd years ami for 
eleven years prior to its birth he was con- 
neetcd with A. Weiler & Rros. three years 
in Farmland as a partner and eight 3'ear3 
in this city as a clerk. Mr. C'ronin has al- 
ways been prominent in local politics, is a 
staunch democrat, and is ex-recorder of 
Blackford county. 

C'ronin, T. J., is a member of the firm of 
Cronin & .Anderson, drugsi'ts, has been a 
resident of Iila<-kf(ird county for thirty- 
one 3'ears, althougli he was born in Dela- 
ware county this state, seven years prior 
to locating here. He has been connected 
witli tlie drus business in Hartford City 
for lifteen years and has an established 
reputation as a successful merchant in 
that line. His store is located in the Van 
Cleve block. 

Croiilti, ^\'. N., is a physician of tlie reg' 
ular school and a graduate of the Detroit 
Cullege of Medicine, receiving the diploma 
of ^I. D. in 1SS.5. Dr. Cronin has been 
practicing in Hartford City for tlie last ten 
years and is very popular both with his 
professional bretlircn and the public gen- 
erally. His office is in the Citizens' Rank 
block on the east side of the public 

Davissou, H. C. has been a practicing 
physician in Hartford (_'i^y for over ciglit- 
een years and in lilackford count}" for 
thirty-three years. Dr. Davisson's office 

is in the Cooley I: lock and lie resides on 
Soutliwest Walnut street. Ue is of the 
regular school and is recognized as one of 
tlie leading professional men of tlie d.-iy, 
which is evidenced by the fact tliat he is 
ex-president of the Delaware Medical 
Society and is a member in good standing 
of the County, District, State, and Ameri- 
can Medical Societies. He is also an F. & 
A. M. 

Deiiany, L, M., is senior niendjcr of the 
lirm of Iienany & Hendry, real estate, 
loan and insurance agents, with offices on 
the southeast corner of the court house 
square. Tliey have alarge amountof city 
and farm property listed on their books 
for sale and exchange; represent a num- 
ber of the best -known tire and in- 
surance companies, and make a special- 
ty of building and loan business. Ti e 
present firm has been in existence for two 
years althougli the business was establish- 
ed over live years ago. 

Dick. .lolin U., is the oldest harness 
dealer in I'.lackford county liaving estab- 
lished his business in this city tliirt)'-one 
years ago. His store is located on tlieeaft 
side of the public s(|uare and he keeps in 
stock a full line of hor^ewear, all of wliich 
he manufactures himself. Mr. Dick w:s 
born in W.rk Co., Ha., in IS.'IO and by his 
man}' years' residence in this city has 
earned the respect and esteem of his fel- 
low townsmen. 

Dick, .Miss Irene 1?., is a bookkeeper l,i 
the employ of her father, John I". ^ Dick, 
tlie well-known liarness dealer. Slie lives 
with her parents on West Main street. , 

Dowell. Frank P., is a real estate bro- 
ker, abstracter of titles, and tire in>urance 
asientjwith an olrice in the Dowell block 
on tlie Boutli side of the public square. 
He was born in this city in lS"i;> and has 
engaged in the above lines of business 
since 1S70. Mr. Dowell possesses large tracts 
of land anil has subdivided three ailili- 
tions just north of town. Honiakes murt- 
g;ige loans and investments, loans private 
money at low rates, buys, sells ai:(l rents 
property and is also a notary puldic. lie 
is tlioroughly identified with tlie bu-inc-s 
interests of r>lackford county, and has a 
high rating in the community. 

Dowf 11, .1. H., president of the Hartford 
< ity Natural Casantl oil t'o., has been a 
resident of Hartford City since the year 
Is.'iO although he was born in the s'ate of 
\'irginia in I'S.j.3. Since he has lived in this 
city Mr. Dowell has always been looked 
upon iisa prominent and iuHuential citi- 
zen; for many years he was a leading mer- 
chant and grain dealer, was al-o ni the 
banking business, afterwards eii'.r:igiiig in 
hor-e buyimr, selling and timliiig. He 
has now practically ret ri d fiMin activr 
life. Since ISSl until tliepresent lime Mr. 
Dowell has continuously been a Drain:ii;i' 
Commisfiiiner of I'.lackford county. Fra- 
ternolly he is -x member of F. & A. .M. and 


'•■-.HroA ■^'oriA- 


has held all oflicial im^itKins in hiith the 
Lodge and Chapter of that orgauization. 

Draper, Miss Annsi B.. is a teacher in 
the .South school building. 

Draper, Miss Winifred .1.. is a teache*- 
in the South school building. 

Edsoii, L. 0', nieniber of the firm of 
niake & Edson, dealers in bootsand shoes, 
has been a resident of Hartford City for 
over a qr.arter of a century and is favor- 
alily kn'iwnin the coinniunity. He served 
as a justice of the peace for fifteen 3'ears; 
for five years held tlie position of secre- 
tary of the Hartford Natural Gas and Cil 
Co. and al~o engaged in the hott 1 business 
for a number of years. Something over a 
year ago lie formed a partnership with Mr. 
Blake and now devotes his entire time to 
the sliue trade. Mr. Edscm is a member 
of both the F. & A. M. and theG. A. R. 

j;mslnTil!er, Dell, represents some of 
the best-known and olderrt established 
tire, life and accident insurance compan- 
ies in existence; lie will be found in his 
office in the Opera House block during 
business hours ready to give information 
to those desiring policies of any kind. 
Mr. Enishvviller was born and raised in 
Blackford county and has a wide acquain- 
tance with the people of the vicinity. He 
is a member of the JMasonic lodge and the 
Order of Ben Hur. 

rrnshw'ller, S. J., is a real estate 
dealer, loan and insurance agent, wuli an 

office in the Opera n(juse block. He was 
born in this, county in lJ>4:i and devoted 
his entire time to agricultural pursuits 
until ISil when lie moved to Hartford 
City and became a merchant; si.Kyearsago 
ho took up the real estate, loan and insur- 
ance busiue-s and has met with more than 
ordinary success since that time. Vt. 
Emshwdler handles both farm and city 
propert_v, represents some first class fire, 
life and accident insurance companies and 
makes loans on realty holdings. 

Emsliwiller. Miss Mary, is a teacher in 
the North school building. 

Erviu, Walter E., principal of the Xorth 
school, graduated from liePainv L'niversi- 
ty in the Class of "J-J, but prior to that 
time had two years' experience as a 
teacher in the public schools of Portland, 
Ind. In the fall of ISii-j .Mr. Ervin was se- 
lected f(jr the piisilion he now holds, and 
is performing his duties in more tiian a 
satisfactory manner. While in college he 
made an especial study of history and ex- 
pects to make the educational line his 
life's work. 

ErTiti, W. H., is a doctor of dental sur- 
gery, with otticcs in the Briscoe block. He 
graduated from the Ohio College of Den- 
tal Surgery at Cincinnati in the class of 
"JI, and practiced three years before locat- 
ing in Hartford City two years ago. He 
has a high standing anumg the local pro- 
fessionaT brethren "iind Irs a large circle 
of acquaintances and friends. 

— ;36 — 

Farrell. S. J., is a clerk in the Citizens' 
I;ank, and by strict attention to business 
is making his services of great value to 
that institution. 

Ford. Edwin C, is a school teacher and 

has charge of the South side primary 
building. Although still youns in the 
service he is iilready givmg eviderce of 
his ability in educational work. 

Ford, Edwin H., superintendent of the 
city water works system, has held that po- 
sition ever since the plant has been in op- 
eration. He is a native of this state and 
has -resided in Hartford City since Issj, 
with the exception of two years spent in 
(Jas City, Ind., as secretary of the Almer- 
ian Glass Co. He resigned that position 
to return to this city and oversee the erec- 
tion of the water works plant, after which 
he was appointed to his present office. 

Fonts, Clias. M., attorney at law, is a 
member of the hrm of Geiger & Fonts, 
and occupies offices in the Opera House 
block. This firm practices in both county 
anil state courts and transacts all kinds of 
legal business. 

Fulton. G. T., the present incumbent in 
the office of County Surveyor, has proven 
himself in every way competent to suc- 
cessfully attend to the many duties de- 
volving upon him. He was born in Onta- 
rio, Ca.Kuia, in 1!S7'2, but accompanied his 
parents to this country when very young. 
He was elected to his present position by 






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tile voles of the Republican party in Xo- 
veniber, 1S'.»4, anil has dl;ehari;cd his du- 
ties m a creditalile manner. Mr. Fultim 
is also a member of the lirni of Harley & 
Fulton, and does all kinds of general en- 
gineering work.' 

Fulton. .Miss .Vnna E., is a teacher in 
the N'orth school building. 

Gadbnry. S. L., is one of the directors 
of the Willnian Lumber Co. lie was born 
in Ross Co., Ohio, in ISIVJ, but has been a 
resident of I'.lackford county and Hart- 
fcird t'ity for tifty-t'ight years. Mr. (iad- 
bury has served two terms as slieritt' of 
Blacktord county, bemg elected on the 
Democratic ticket in ls72 and again in 
l>so. He is a veteran of the late war and 
a member of the < i. \. R. 

Geis^er, Fiiiley, i- a well-known attor- 
ney at law and a member of the tirm of 
I ieiger & Fonts, witli an ottice in the < ipera 
House block. He has a large cir;'le of 
acquaintances, all of whom can be claimed 
as personal friends, made so by Mr. Gei- 
ger'salfable manner ami evident willing- 
ness to render any favor within Ins power. 
He also has charge of a deparlment in the 
Iwcal High School. 

Geijrer, J. Vf.. is treasurer i)f the Sneatli 
Glass I o. and one of Hartford City's re()- 
resentative men. His conservative but 
forceful business methods in transacting 
the atl'airs of the company which he rep- 

resent-' has won tor Mr. deigcr an eim- 
alile standing in the coiumunity. 

(Jeisler, Frank, formerly senior editor 
anil pubhslier (if the Hartford City Repub- 
lican, ilaily and weekly, was born in 
Wayne Co., Ind., in 1S04, and removed to 
this city six years later. In ISVy he be- 
came identified with the newspaper bu-i- 
ness and has made it his lUe's work siin-e. 
In lSS-1 he, in connection with E. S. lUiti'- 
man, established the Hartford City T nies 
and successfully conducted it until fuur 
years later, when the plant was disposed 
of. Mr. (leisler then removeil to Wi-cim- 
siii and for the ne.^t three 3-ear3 published 
the Clintonvillo Times and the Mcrnll 
.\dvocate. He then returned to Indiana 
and established the Stark County Repub- 
lican, but after a time disposed of that 
paper and in March, lSi:i4, again located 
in Hartfnnl City and, with his brotlier 
Henrj', purchased a local paper called the 
Arena and rerhristened it the Kepubliran. 
Last.Mairh that pajjer was consolidated 
with the Hartford City Times and .Mr. 
• ieisler will soon seek another location. 

(Jeisler, Henrv. was one of the editors 
and publishers of the Hartford City Re- 
publican until its consolidation with the 
Times. He was bi.rn in this city twenty- 
three years ago, and although stiil a young 
man IS a goo'd all-around news and job 
printer and a fir>t-cla3s newspaperman, 
having had a practical experience in the 
busiiiess seldom secured by one of his 

years. 1 Ins experience was liy no means 
conlined to Hartford Ci:y, as he has work- 
ed in some of the best btiices in the cen- 
tral states. 

HiuMiiii. Miss Liilil. is a teacher in the 
North school building. 

HeairarrT. liicliard, is general manager 
of the Ihirtfiird < ity Glass Company's 
local buslni-s, and to him much of that 
concern's success is justly attrilnitalile, fur 
lie is a conservative but enerL'Ciie luisuic s 
man and one who is th<iroii.;hly ionver>- 
ant with the technical points in ihe man- 
ufacture of glass. 

Hemingor. Mis-* Clara, is a teacher in 
the South scliool building. 

Hciiilry, II. (i., junior member of t'.io 
linn of lienany \ Hendry, real estate, 
loan and insurance agents. (See Denanv, 
L. .M.) 

Ilindmaii. .lay A., prosecuting attorney 
for tne Twenty-eighth .Iiidici.:! I'ircnii. 
which is composed of lilacktord and 
Wells counties, was tir?t apiminted to that 
ottice ill .March, IS'.:!, to HU a vacancy 
caused by a special legl-lative euactmenl. 
He proved himself to be such a compe- 
tent and pain.-taking otticial that at the 
e.xpiralion of his teiin ,'>Ir. Hindmaii was 
nominated by the ])emocralic party to 
succeed him-elf. and the people of the 
two counties named recognized his es- 
pecial fitness for the place by rciurning 

A O fl. 

''^^C£,£>V^^' "V;f^" '^^v.t-^' '^^OWNS^^ '""^O.-T.Q^' •^Qv7N^'''^^... 

Ilim to office liy a lar£;e majority over his 
Ke|iiililic:ui opponent. Mr. Himlnian was 
horn in Wells eonnty, Inii., in isij."). lie 
was edueated in the Fort Wavne M. K. 
I'ollese and tlie X'aliiaruiso I'niversity, 
i;radiiatini( from hoth institntions and oh- 
taininj; the decree 1'.. S. from the latter. 
In IMiih he was elected to the oltice of 
County Sn|)erintendent of .^ch(A)ls and re- 
elei-ted in IS'.i'i, re-i^iiinj; that position one 
year later to acce)it the appointment be- 
fore mentioned. .Mr. Ilindii'.an is an I. 
(I. (). K, and an F. and A. M. Politically 
he is recosjnizeil as one of the local lead- 
er< \n the liemocratic party and is an ag- 
gressive but fair tighter for it.s principles. 

HdKver. I'. H.. city editor of the Even- 
ing News, has held "that position since the 
birth of the paper, lie is a thorough and 
practical newspaper man of twenty years' 
experience and a leaily and plea-ing wri- 
ter on the <unreid topii's of the day. 

Iloovei-, Miss ,Ieii-ie K., is principal of 
the High Schoi.d.and for a nnmber of 
year> has been connected with local edu- 
cational work, acting as a grade teacher 
for a considerable length of time. Her 
general work was of so satisfactory a char- 
acter as to merit promotion to a more ad- 
vanced position. It is only fair to aild 
that .Miss Hoover just as successfully 
transacts the duties attendant upon the 
princijjal of a high school. 

Hiii-,lis, E!i. is proprietor id' the "Kxcel 
-ior" grocery and has been engaged in his 

present business for the last thirteen years. 
His establishment is located on the east 
side of the public square, the hrst door 
north of the Citi7,en>' bank. N'r. Hui;hs 
is i'\ treasurer of I'.lackford county and is 
recogni/.cil by all as one of llartfoi'd I'lty's 
representative commercial men. 

Hummer. I). .1., Recorder of niackford 
county, was elected to his present position 
in isii-j. He was born in helaware county, 
Ind., but has rcr-ided in lilacktord county 
since l>iN4. He has alwax's been a worker 
in the ranks of the r)em(j 'rtitic party, and 
was rewarded for his many years of faith- 
ful service by political preferment in the 
year above mentioned, and has satisfac- 
torily administeretl the responsible duties 
of i\is ortice ever since. Socially Mr. 
Hummer is a Royal .\rch Mason and 
stantls high in fraternal att'airs. 

HiiU-liiiisoii. (Jeo. \V.. dealer in haril- 
warc, luuvarc and stoves, has lieen one of 
Hartford City's leading business men for 
nearly a .pi.-irter of a century. His store 
is located on the west side of the [lublic 
stiuare, and in addition to the above men- 
tioued lines he liandles high-grade bicy<des 
and prolfalilv has the largest trade of that 
kind in the city. Mr. Hulcdiinson is a 
member in 2:ood standing of the local 
lodge of the I. (1. .1. F. 

Hiitfdiiiisoii. Miss Kdiiu, is a teacher in 
the North ^choid building. 

Jay, .loliii .v.. is vice-i)resident of the 

— 40 — 

Hartford City Olass Co., and is also en- 
gajjed in the banking business at Koko- 
mo. liuL, of which city he is a resident. 

Jiiliiistoii. J. 15., is secretary of the 
Hartfonl City Glass Co. and is a thorough- 
going ami practical business man. He is 
possessed of an atfable and accommo- 
dating disposition that has been the means 
of providing him with friends innumer- 

Jones. .Miss Ida E.. is a teacher in tin- 
.Vorth school building. 

Kraiiss, W. K., senior member of the 
tirm of Krauss A Caldwell, dealers in 
drugs and druggists' sundries, has been a 
resident of Hartford City for the past Mf- 
teen years and has engaged in the drug 
busine<s during all that time. His long 
e.xperience has taught him just how to 
conduct a Hrst-class pharmacy, and he is 
looked upon as one of the city's represen- 
tative business men. .Socially .Mr. Krauss 
is a member of the K. of P. order. 

haiiie. (Jeo. ('.. represents the First 
Ward in the Cdy t'ouncil and does it in a 
thorough anil satisfactory niaiuiiT. He 
was elected in the spring of ISlUoiithe 
Uepublican ticket and is an enthusiastic 
worker in that party's behalf Mr. I.aine 
IS also a member ofthc I. <). <>. F. and the 
.1.1). r. A. M., being State Vice-Counsel- 
lor of the latter society. He is a clerk in 
the emidoy of li. l*."Ayres, the grocery 




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Laitem, Miss Rose, is a teacher in the 
South school building. 

Lechein, F., repre-ents the Third ward 
in the city council, bein^ elected in the 
spring of ISD-l liy the Republican party. 
lie was horn in France and is a blower in 
the Hartford City (Jlasj Company's fac- 

Lenox, John, is secretary of tlie Hart- 
ford L'ity Natural Gas anil Oil Co. Mr. 
Leno.x was born in I)elaware Co., Ind., in 
186-2. He has been with the company 
since its organization in ISST, holding the 
position of secretar}' for over two years, 
and prior to that was manager for about 
one year. 

Leonard, Chas. S., is Hemocratic coun- 
cilman from the second ward, to which 
position he was elected in the spring of 
1894. He is also chief of the tire depart- 
ment and chairman of tlie water works 
committee. Mr. Leonard was born in 
France sixty }'ears ago but accompanied 
his parents to this country wlien two 
years of age and has lived in Hartford 
City for nearly tliirty years. Socially he 
is a-90ciated with the G. A. R. and the 1. 
O. O. P., and in business life is a lumber 
dealer and salesman, his headiiuarters be- 
ing with the .Mercer Lumber Co. 

Lnpton, A. (i., is cashier of the Black- 
ford county bank, treasurer of the Will- 
man Lumber Co. and a gentleman who 
takes an active interest in all enterprises 

that have a tendency to develop the city's 

Lyon, .r. Ervin, is a photographic print" 
er and has been an assistant in C. L- 
Swingley's studio for two years. 

3U'(Jeatli, M.H., County Superintendent 
of public schools, was l»")rn at Montpelier, 
Ind., during the year 18.57, and his entire 
life has lieeu devoted to educational pur- 
suits in the immediate neighborhood. 
From l.STC to 18',i.S lie performed the duties 
of a school teacher in Wells and lihu-k- 
fc)rd counties, and during the latter year 
was elected to his present oHicc and re- 
elected in isy-'i. Although a Democrat of 
pronounced views. .Mr. .McGeath adminis- 
ters the artairs of his office in a fair and 
impartial manner regardless of political 
preferences, having an e}'e only for the 
good of the public. He now is, an<l has 
been for twelve years, a member of the I. 
U. R. M. 

3Ir(ieatli. J P., the senior member of 
the firm of .McGeath, Bonham \- 'Irant, is 
one of the best known, and it wo^'.ld be no 
exaggeration to add one of the most pop- 
ular, residents of Blackford county. He 
was tioni at Xeiv Castle, Ind., but removed 
to Mt>ntpelier when (piite young and has 
been a resident of this county for thirty- 
nine ye.-ir-:. From the age of fifteen until 
188(1 he acted as scho(d teacher, but from 
the latter year until 18ss he engaged in 
the iieneral mercantile busiiies-^ in Mont- 
pelier .Mr. .McGeath, or ".1. P." as he is 

— -12 — 

generally called, has alway-i valiantly 
championed the cause of Dernocracy anii 
that party nominated him for and elected 
him to the office of County Treasurer in 
188S, and re-electe<l him to the same office 
two years later, which is an evidence of 
the faithful performance of his duties. 
.\t the expiration of hi^ last term of office 
.Mr. .McGeath established himself as an ab- 
stractiir, real estate dealer, loan and in- 
surance agent, which business he is still 
eni;a;;ed m. having .Messrs. J. M. lionliam 
and .[. T. Train as partners. In 18'J4 he 
was elected to the state legislature, repre- 
seutiiig Blackford, .lay and A.lams coun- 
ties m that body. In addition to his local 
business .Mr. McGeath has many interests 
ill \Iont|)elier. being president of the 
Farmers' Deposit Bank, and is also identi- 
fied wilh the .Montpelier Land and OH 
Co., the Montpelier Sheet and Tin Plate 
factory and the .Montpelier Klectric Light 

.Mcfieatli. .Miss Leota. is a ileputy in the 
office of the county recorilcr, receiving 
the api)uintment in ISIU. She is a daugh- 
ter of .1. P. McGeath and resides with him 
on ea>t Washington street. Mi.-s Mc- 
Geath i< well known in local >ocial atl'airs 
and has a large aci|Uaintance throughout 
the county, her charming personality and 
f'racioiisness of manner making all of 
these her steadfast friends. 

Mi-Cready, .Hiss Dea. is a teacher in the 
.South school building. 

MadtlOK, J. J., is now serving his third 
term as justice of the pence and is well 
and favorably known over the entire 
county. He was horn in lliland county, 
Ohio, during the year 18-5, but has been a 
resident of Blackford county for tifty six 
years and now enjoys the distinction of 
being the oldest attorney practicing at the 
bar in this city. During his residence in 
the community Mr. Maddox has engaged 
in nearh' all kinds of business, but has 
now practically retired from active life. 
He is an extensive holder of city and 
farm property and is looked upon as one 
of the city's solid men. He served his 
country in the late civil u-ar and was a 
secimd lieutenant in tiie Thirty-fourth 
Indiana Volunteers. 

Alaildox, Mrs. J. J., deceased wife of .J. 
J. Maddox. 

Maiiies, .Miss Tda IS., is a teacher in the 
North School budding. 

Manor, R. )i.. holds the positiim of City 
Clerk, being elected to that ottice by the 
Republican party in the spring of l^tU. 
He was born in Xenia, Ohio, during the 
year \S'yl, and since 1^77 has been a resi- 
dent of Hartford, working at his traile, 
that of stone catting, until the time of his 
election to the othce he now holds. Mr. 
Manor is recognized by all as a courteous 
gentlemen and an etticient public servant. 

Mercer, H., a practical and all-around 
newspaper man, has been city editor of 

the Daily Times since the first issue of 
that paper. He is a native of this state 
and learned the printing trade in the of- 
fice of the -Vnderson Bulletin and has 
held several important editorial positions 
on prominent papers, chief among which 
should be nientioneil the Times- Recorder, 
of Zanesville, Ohio, where he acted as 
city editor for some time. He located in 
this cit}- about one year ago and for a time 
was connected with the Kepublican, but 
as before mentioned assumed his present with the birth of the paper. 
Mr. Mercer is well known ivnuins; the 
news|iaper fraternity throughout this state 
as well as Ohio. 

MotTet, t". I)., is pre-ident of the board 
of education as well as an attorney' at law. 
He is well and favorabi)- known in both 
cit}' and county, as for a number of years 
he was editor and publisher of the Hart- 
ford (;ity Times. 

3I<)Hett, Miss Fiiiiclioii, is a teacher in 
the Xorth school building. 

Morse, )V. H., is the representative of 
the second ward in the deliberations of 
the cit}- council. He was nominated and 
elected by the Republican party in the 
spring of ISiH and performs well the du- 
ties of the office, giving universal satisfac- 
tion to his constituents. Mr. Morse is also 
proprietor of the Hartford City dairy. 

Xewhaiipr, .1. .\., is assistant cashier of 
the Blackford countv bank and .a, well 

known and inHuential citizen. He is also 
senior member of the tirm of J. A. Xew- 
bauer A Co., dealers in agricultural imple- 
ments of all kinds, as well as lime, cement 
and tile. This establishment is located on 
Walnut street, just south of Washington 

Owens, H. G., member of the tirni of c. 
L. Casterliiie i^i: Co., dealers in jewelry, 
watches, clocks, etc. This tirm's place of 
business is located on the south siile of the 
public siiuare and is recognized as head- 
rjuarters for gnods in the lines abijve men- 

Painter, .1. .V., is the auditor of Black- 
ford county and since his election, Nov. 
1S94, has administered the atf'airs of his 
ottice in a systematic manner. Mr. Paint- 
er is a tlyed-in-the-wool Republican and 
has always been an active jiarty worker. 
He is recognized as a practical business 
man as well as a courteous public servant, 
and as a result has won the friendship of 
all whom his official duties have brought 
him in contact with. 

Perkins, (.eo. T., is president of the 
Harttord City Glass Co. He is a resident 
of Akron, Ohio, where he is engaged in 

the banking business. 

Pierce, Clias. >V., is an attorney at law 
and junior member of the tirm of Pierce, 
Uonham ii^ Pierce. Is well known in the 
city and countjs having lived here prac- 
ticiillv all his life. 

Pierce, Elislia. an attorney at law, is 
senior member of the well-known tirni of 
Pierce, Ronham & Pierce, that transacts 
legal bnsines-; in all the courts of the 
state. Mr. Pierce has been practicinsi la.v 
in this city since IS7-2 and has taken an 
active part in all movements that have 
had for their object the advancement of 
his chosen home. Politically he is a Dem- 
ocrat and has always been a leader in that 
party's affairs. From 1S7:; to 1S77 he was 
prosecutor for Ulackford county. He 
was also a member of tlie state lejjislature 
in the session of 1SS7 and was ac;am elect- 
ed to the session of ISSH, serving his con- 
stituents in a faithful manner during both 
terms of office. Soeiallv Mr. Pierce is a 
member of the F. A .v'. M., the K. of P. 
and the O. .\.. R., being entitled to mem- 
bership in the last organization from the 
fact that he served in the late war in I'o. 
{', -lith Indiana Volunteers, and in Co. I, 
■J4th Indiana Volunteers, aciiuitting him- 
self in a manner creditable alike to both 
himself and his countrj-. 

Pierce. Titos. .M., an attorney at law, 
has an office in the l>ri-coe block and has 
been practicing his profession in this city 
for the last four years. He was born in 
Xewton, Iowa, in lSii.5, and when twentj-- 
one years of age began the study of law 
at Winchester. Ind. Three years later he 
was admitted to the bar an<l has been 
practicing since that time. Mr. Pierce 
transacts all kinds of legal business in the 

county, state and V. .S. courts and is looked 
upon as a successful lawyer. In Decem- 
ber, ISDo, he was appointed to and now 
tliilds the position of County Attorney. 
He is also chairman of the Republican 
county central committee. 

Powell. .11. !>., is proprietor of the In- 
gram grocery, which is located in the In- 
gram tiotel bloi'k on the east ^ide of the 
public square. Mr. Powell is a thorough 
and practical merchant who understands 
just how to conduct his establishment so 
as to give his patrons full value their 

Reed, >Viii.. principal of the .'^oiith 
school, has had a quarter of a century's 
e.Kperience in educational work, and for 
seventeen years of that time has been 
ideiititied with the public schoids of this 
city. He is well known in the city and 
county, and by his ever urbane and cour- 
teous manner has won the respect of the 
Community at large and the esteem of 
those with whom duty has brought him in 

Reiiiv. John .V., attorney at law, was 
born in Bartholomew county, lad., in 
isi>7. Hi- education w'as seciireil in the 
common and graded schools of his neigli- 
liorhood, supplemented by a thorough 
i-ourse m the Ilartsville ITniversity. He 
began the study of law in 1S,S7, practiced 
f.)r a short time in Kokomo, Ind.. and 
then located in this city. He is well 

— 44 — 

known in the city and county ami has de- 
serveilly attained the reputation of being 
a painstaking and conscientious lawer. 

Rlioades, J. H.. i.-, senior member of the 
lirm of Klioades, Kennej' i*i .<pence, real 
e>tate, loan and insurance agents, with 
offices in the Cooley block. .Mr. Rhoades 
is one of those .safe, conservative business 
men who>e counsel is eagerly looked for 
by younger men in the business and he is 
recognized by all as a represenrative citi- 

Sasro. .1. \V.. has been a practicing phy- 
sician in this city since ISUS and is ot the 
eclectic school, graduating from the."-cnd- 
der Medical Cc)llege, of Cincinnati. He 
nov,- holds the positicnis of coroner and 
city health officer, and was several times 
elected as president of the town board. 
Dr. Sage served three years in the war of 
the rebellion and was wounded at the bat- 
tle of Chickamauga. He is a member of 
the F. ct .v.. M. 

>$chnii(lt, )r.. is a bookkeeper in the 
Blackford county bank. 

Sfhilllz. .1. T., is local freight and pass- 
enger agent for the Lake Erie .t Western 
Kailway. He has been located in this city 
for about eight montlis and during that 
short time has made many friends by his 
strict attention to business and ever will- 
ingness n accommodate the patrons of 
his road. 

Sdiultz, Miss Georgia E., is the daugh- 
ter of J. T. Sehultz and lives with her pa- 
rents on East Washington street. 

Sliainbarsfer. .loliii W., is the marshal 
of [lartford City and is accredited with 
being a capable and efficient officer. 

Sliarpe, T. W.. is one of this city's lead- 
ing dentists and has been located here for 
the last four years. He is a graduate 
from the Baltnnore College of Dental 
Surgery, securing the title of D. D. 8. in 
1891. He practiced in l'enn^ylvania (jne 
year before coming here. Dr. .Sharpe is a 
courteous and affable gentleman wliose 
friends are limited only to the number of 
his acnuaintaiices. He is a menilier of 
the local K. of P. lodge. 

Shiiiii, B. G., attorney at law, wa< born 
in Dublin. Ind.. tifty-seven years agn, but 
has practiced law in this city for a (piar- 
ter of a century. His office is on the east 
siile of the public s(|Uare over the I'itizens' 
bank, where he transacts legal business of 
all kinds. Mr. Shinn is a member of the 
I. O. t>. F. anil the (J. A. R., and at the 
pre-ent time holds the position of City 

JSIiiill, Dr. C. I., is vice-president of the 
Citizens' bank. Was the second physician 
to locate in Blackford county and has 
now practically retired from active bus- 
iness and professional life. Dr. Shull is a 
resilient of Montpelier. 

Simnioiis, L. IJ., attorney at law, has 
only been located in this city for about 
eighteen months, although he is tjy no 
means a stranger in the neighborhooil, 
havmg lived and practiced hi;, profe— -ion 
for many years in lUutlton, Ind., where 
he held the office of deputy prosecuting 
attorney. He is now a menilier of the law 
firm known as Cantwell, Cantwell tV: Sim- 
mons, and is recognized as a valuable ad- 
dition to the local professional circle. 

Smith, H. U., is president of the Citi- 
zens' bank, treasurer of the Hartford city 
Glass Co., and is prominently identified 
with other local enterprises. He is recog- 
nizeil by all as one of the county's repre- 
sentative citizens. 

Stalil, E .H., is cashier of the Citizens' 
bank and an old and prominent resident 
of Hartford City. 

Stalil. .1. 15., is bookkeeper in the Citi- 
zens' bank and a son of K. .\I. Stahl. 

Stewart, Clark, represents the Fourth 
ward in the city council, being elected to 
that position by the Republican jiarty in 
the spring of IstM. In business life .Mr. 
Stewart is a buyer and shipper of live 
stock. Socially he is affiliated with the 
F. i<: .\. M. 

Sildwartli. .Iliss Eniiiia. is a teacher in 
the North school building. 

Swiiiifley. Clias. I,., proprietor of Swing- 
ley's photo parlors, located in this cny 

— 4.5 — 

about two years ago and since that time 
has -ecured a large and permanent pat- 
ronage, for the general public is ipuck to 
recognize and a(ipreciate the worth of 
true merit. .Mr. Swingley's studio is lo- 
cated on the southeast corner of the pub- 
lic si|uare where he exhibits tine samples 
of his work in butli gloss and plalino Hn- 
ish. as well as interior and e.xterior views. 
He also makes a specially of group and 
life-size portraits. 

The (iroiip "f young ladies shown on 
another page arc the Misses lie^sie Abbott. 
Daisy tiartin, fiona Schreel, Lillian Milli- 
kan.'Mabel Clifton and .lessie Arnold, 
'riie tirst two named are tvpewriters in the 
othces of .lohn A. Remy'and J. A. Hind- 
man, respectively; the second two reside 
at home witti their parents, while the last 
two are stenographers. Miss Clifton at the 
rtility Paper Co.'s office, and Miss Arnold 
in Frank P. Dowell's abstract office. 

Tlioinas. I). S.. is junior member of the 
firm of Covaiilt .V: I homas, jewelers. He 
was born in Wells county. Ind., in \!'i\''>. 
and resided there until ISSS when he re- 
moved to this city and engaged in the 
jewelry business. 

Toniisend. I. L., building conlnclor. 
has resided in this city for the last thirty- 
five years, and for nmre than twenty 
vears has engaged in the business (hat 
now occupies his attention. During that 
time he has erecteil many large buiidmgs. 

prominent among whicli sUoukl be men- 
tioned the paper mills located at Albany 
and Eaton, Inil., as well as the two in this 
oit}'. He also makes a specialty' of con- 
tracting for business blocks and tine resi- 

Tracy, A. »'., editor and publisher of 
the Hartford City Times, daily and week- 
ly, was born in I'.iUler county, Ohio, twen- 
ty-tive years ago but located in Xew Cas- 
tle, Ind., when ([uite young. It was there 
that he aciiuired his early newspaper ex- 
perience by acting as cit\- editor of the 
(."oiirier. Prior to that time, while going 
to high school, he became interested in 
the business to the extent of establishing 
a school paper. Later, while attending 
the DePauw University, he was editor-in- 
chief of the college paper. After leaving 
that institution he became assistant city 
editor of the Richmond, Ind., Item, re- 
signing that position to return to his home 
and become part owner of the Xew C;istle 
Press, then a weekly paper, and to which 
he afterwards added a daily edition. Dec. 
1, 189.), Mr. Tracy purchased the Hartford 
City Times and .Jan. 1, ISOi.i, established 
the Daily Times. Since that date he has 
successfully conducted both papers. Not 
long ago he purchased the plant and 
good will of the Hartford City Republi- 
can and consolidated it with the Times. 

Trant. J. T., the junior member of the 
firm of McGeath, iionham >^: Trant, is one 
of this city's best-known residents, as he 

has lived here since IStW. He has always 
been more or less prominently identified 
with local and county politics, taking his 
stand with the Democratic party in all its 
issues. Ill IS'JU he was nominated for and 
elected to the office of County Auditor. 
He served the public in a conscientious 
manner and in ISiU was again nominated 
to succeed himself. That, however, was 
the year of the great Democratic landslide 
and he met defeat with his party, although 
the majority against him was but tifty- 
nine votes "Wlien his successor took the 
ottice Mr. Trant ideutihed himself with 
.McOeath i<: Bonham. abstracters, real es- 
tate dealers, loan and insurance agent-^, 
and the firm has since been known as 
Mcdeath, P.onham & Trant. 

Trant. Mrs. J. T.. is a teacher in the 
South school building. 

Trniite. Miss Ella, is a teacher in the 
Xorth school building. 

Vanirliii. K. C, is judge of the Twenty- 
eighth .Judicial Circuit of Indiana, which 
is composed of Hlackford and WelU 
counties. He was first a[ipointed to that 
position by (Governor Mattiiews, in I^'.i:'., 
to fill the unexpired term of .hulge riailcw 
who went upon the Supreme Hencli. In 
1894 .Judge Vaughn was nominated by 
the Democratic party to succeed himself 
and his election, as a matter of coiir-p. 
followed. He is a resident of I'.lutVtun. 
the capitol of Wells county, where his 

— 46 — 

popularity is attested by the fact that he 
was once chosen as mayor of that city. 
He was also prosecuting attorney for two 
terms when the judicial circuit was com- 
posed of Huntington, Wells, .\dams anil 
■lay counties. .Judge Vaughn, for a num- 
ber of years, was chairman of the Wells 
Counly Democratic Ontral Committee, 
and while holding ihat position did effect- 
ive work for his party. He has always 
been an earnest and conscientious believer 
in the etiicacv of Democratic doctrine. 

Voss, Miss Anna, is a bookkeeper in the 
P.lackford county bank. 

Weller. .ll)e. senior member of the tirm 
of v. Weiler vV l!ro>., at the present time 
is living in Indian.ipolis, although for 
twelve year-! he was a resident of Hart- 
ford City. He i- well and favorably 
Known here and has many staunch friends 
who claim that his ett'orfs have done much 
to advance the commercial interests of the 
county, '"ertain it is that he is at the head 
of one of the largest and most substantial 
mercantile institutions in Indiana, and 
that its presence in this city add- much to 
the general im[iortance of Hartford City 
as a trailing place. 

Weiler, At'.olpli K.. also a member of 
the lirm (jf .V. Weiler A Bros., may be said 
to have practically grown up with the 
business as he has engaged in it nearly all 
his life. He has lived in this city for six- 
teen years and is known to most of the 
residents of the county, as his position as 

manager of the firm's business has been 
the means of Jntrodu(;ing: him, j'ear after 
year, to hundreds of people all of whom 
he can claim as personal friends. Much 
of A. Weiler A: Bros.'s business success can 
justly be attributed to Adolpli's hard 

Weiler, Meyer M.. another member of 
the firm of A. Weiler A liros., is common- 
ly called 'Meyer" and can count as many 
friends as any man in this city. This fact 
is due to his ever-courteous and affable 
manner, for to know him is to like him. 
Mr. Weiler also devotes his entire time to 
the firm's business and is a valuable man 
in his position. 

Williams, /adok. is one of the three 
commissioners of Blackford county and 
was elected to that position in the fall of 
18'J4 by the votes of the Republican party. 
Mr. Williams has lived m the county for 
forty years and been engnged in farming 
until seven years ago, when he retired and 
moved into this city. 

Willmaii. Floyd, deputy clerk of Black- 
ford county, IS well known to mo^t of the 
residents of this city. His attention to the 
petails of the work connected with the 

countv clerk's office shows him to be a 
valuable assistant to Mr. Caldwell. 

Willmaii. .r. P.. vice-president of the 
WiUiiiau Lumber Co., has engaged in the 
saw mill ami lumber business in this city 
for the la>t thirty years. He was born in 
fierman}' in 18;->(i and came to this country 
with bis parents when less than two years 
old. He is a member of the F. i>t .V. .M. 

Willina!!, K. K.. the secretary of the 
Wlllnian Lumber Co., was born and raised 
in this city. Although still yoiing in 
}-ears he is rapidly developing a business 
instinct that makes his services of much 
value to the C(_)mpany with which he is 

Wiiiniiiff. J. E.. is secretary of the 
Board of Education and a well known 
citizen. He is also a member of the firm 
of Winkleblf-ck iV: Winning, manufactur- 
ers of patent elm hoops and dealers in 
hardwood lumber. 

Winters, E. I., the junior member of 
the firm of Crouin <i Winters, dealers in 
general merchandise, is a progressive and 
a successful business man, as is evidenced 
by the rapid strides his firm has made into 

popular favor within the last two years. 
That lie stands well in the estimation of 
his fellow citizens is shown by the fact 
that Mr. Winters is now serving his fourth 
term as treasurer of this oity. Politically 
he is a Kepublican. 

Wood. .Joliii <i.. treasurer of lilackford 
county, was elected in November. IS'.U, by 
the votes of the Republican party and is a 
conscientious and faithful public otticer. 
He is a native of Ohio and was born in the 
year 1S4-J, but has lived in ihis county 
nearly all his life. Mr. Wood, when 
elected to his present office, was a resi- 
dent of Harrison township where been 
gaged in fanning and stock raising. ."So- 
cially he is a member of the <1. A. K., the 
I. (I. <). F. and the K. of P. 

Wood. .Norman, is a deputy in the of- 
fice of the treasurer of Blackford county 
and a son of John O. Wood. He was born 
in Harris(jn township, this county, in the 
year IsT'J, and, like his father, i- a staunch 
and uncompromising Kepublican. 

Worley. Nelson, is deputy marshal of 
Hartford City as well as street commis- 

Mr. Cecil Beeson 

P. O. Box 1 

Hartford Citv, Indiana 47348