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Full text of "hassouni"






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niles. The researcher tried to adopt a definite attitude towards die texts 
grammarians based their mles on. That's why he was for those texts that are 
based on evidences; and on the other hand he was against those that lacked 
evidences. The researcher's preference is based on the texts of Prophetic 
Tradition mentioned in the first section of die descriptive study. His 
judgement in many controversial grammatical topics is based on those texts. 

The researcher concludes that except for 'lai', the Prophet - Peace be upon 
him - used all negative particles. He never used such a particle. Moreover, 
the researcher concludes that tlie Prophet's - Peace be upon him - most 
commonly used particles are 'la', 'lam', 'ma', 'laysa', 'Ian', 'in', 'kalla' and 
'lamma". 

One of die most conclusions the researcher came to is to prove die falsehood 
of the notion that accuses Prophetic Tradition of not observing many 
grammatical rules. Unfortimately, such a enmeous notion was commonly 
adopted by recent graiumarians. The researcher collected die issues upon 
wliich grammarians have census and those issues they have different 
opinions about. Then he made a comparison between diem and the language 
of die Prophetic Tradition. Finally he states die result in die conclusion of his 
research. 



D The contextual phenomena tiiat associate with such particles, which affect 
the sentence either m fonn or in significance. For example, 'ilia' [except], 
'qatt' [never], 'abadan' [never]. 

D The tense significance of negative particles, through which we can study 
the relation between each paiticle and tense in the context. Besides, this 
enables us to observe if this affects the setting of the tense or not, and, if 
it does, we can know to what extent it does so. 

Tins part concentrates on using statistics as an unpoitant method in pointing 
out how often the Prophet - Peace be upon him - used negative particles. 
The researcher examined each phenomenon and all the contextual elements 
such as nouns and predicate and their complementary elements. 

The researcher deals in deptli with the nature of the Prophet's use of negative 
particles, and how to make tliem do tlieir fimctions botli of form and of 
significance. Besides, he deals in depth with grammatically controversial 
Prophetic Traditions through stating scholars' opinions, among which he 
selects the opinion which is more likely mentioning the evidence. 

The Second Part: 

It deals witli the phenomenon of negation adopting grammatical speculation: 
tlie researcher observes all the grammatical rules of the phenomenon, he 
mentions gi-ammarians' different opinions and considers what is more 

probable. 

This part concentrates on higlilighting how deep and how how original 
grammarians deal with the phenomenon of negation and how far they 
depended on poetical quotations more than anytliing else. Besides, it 
highlights that they often used to interpret a text whenever it contradicts with 



The Research Summary 

This research deals witli tlie phenomenon of negation in Prophetic Tradition 
mentioned in Sahih Al-Bukhari [Bukhari's Haditli Collection]. Is focuses on 
eight negative particles: 'laysa', 'ma', 'la', 'lata', 'in', 'Ian', 'lam', 'lamma'and 
'kalla', which stand for explicit negation in Arabic grammar. 

The research is consists of two parts: 

The First Part: 

Adopting the descriptive method, this part deals with the above-mentioned 
phenomenon in the texts of Prophetic Tradition. It describes the negation 
phenomenon as it appears in the Prophet's - Peace be upon him- language 
without imposing any outer theories or rules on that language. 

In this part the researcher concentrates on the outer elements of description 
of the grammatical phenomenon. These elements fall into t-wo groups: form 
and flmction. The researcher also studies the context of each one. However, 
he keeps in mind to pay attention to the other contextual elements which 
affect on the grammatical fimctions of the negative particles. So he deals 
with each phenomenon from 6 aspects: 

D The structiu-e of its sentence. 

D Analyzing such structure. 

D The contextual functions, both that of form and of meaning, of the 

negation particle. 
D The contextual position of each particle. 



Cairo University 
Faculty ofDarAl-Oloum 
Department of Grammar, Morpholosy and Prosody 



A Research Summary 

The Phenomenon of Negation in the 
Prophetic Tradition 

Its Description and Speculation 

(A Grammatical Study of Saliili Al-Bukliari) 



MA Thesis 
By: Tharwat Al-Sayed Abd-Aatti Rahim 



Supervised by 



Ph D. Abd-AI-Rahaman Al-Sayed Ph D. Amin Ali Al-Sayed 

ex-Member of Arabic Assembly Member of Arabic Assembly 

ex-Dean of Faculty of Dai' Al-Oloiim ex-Dean of Faculty of Dar Al-OlomTi 



1422 AH -2001. AD