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Bonk iH.y Hj& 3 






cnAMDEK OF conno^cE 

M«&H- ScHoow • i^tg- 

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1 To the men and women of today and yesterday 

who have painstakingly and unselfishly labored 

1 to make their home the best, to improve those 

facilities which were Creator-given and to leave 
posterity a legacy in a Greater and Better Haver- 
hill, this Haverhill Book is respectfully dedicated 
by The Haverhill Chamber of Commerce. 

15. of w. 
APfi i 1920 


By Honorable Albert L. Bartlett 

THE Reverend Nathaniel Ward of Ipswich, — 
preacher, scholar, statesman and author, — 
was desirous that his son, the Reverend John 
Ward, and his son-in-law. Gyles Firman, a physi- 
cian, should be located together where they could 
be worthily supported in their professions. Conse- 
quently, the established settlements being supplied 
with ministers and doctors, a petition was presented 
to the General Court of Massachusetts in May, 1640, 
asking permission to establish a new plantation on 
the Merrimack river. This petition was at once 
granted, and the location chosen was where an 
Indian village called Pentucket, — "the place by the 
winding river," — had once existed, abandoned long 
before, however, because of the ravages of a pesti- 
lence among the red men which had greatly reduced 
their numbers. The new settlement was called "Mr. 
Ward's plantation," and was named "Haverhill" 
from the time of its being granted, after that "Ha- 
verhill,"— "the hill of the flocks," or "the hill of the 
oat fields," — in England that was the birthplace of 
the Wards. 

The first few adventurous settlers came from 
Newbury and Ipswich in 1640 and 1641. John Ward 
came in the latter year, but Gyles Firman chose to 
remain in Ipswich, from which place he later re- 
turned to England to enter the ministry. The col- 
onists bought the large tract of land constituting 
the original plantation of Haverhill from the In- 
dians, paying therefor three pounds and ten shil- 
lings, and receiving a deed thereof, dated November 
15, 1642, signed by John Ward, Robert Clements, 
Tristram Cofiin, Hugh Sherratt, William White and 
Thomas Davis, for the settlers, and by Passaquo 
and Saggahew, with the mark of the bow and arrow, 
for the Indian grantors. This deed is still preserved, 
the custodian being the Haverhill Historical Socie- 
ty. The town was incorporated in 1645, the twen- 
ty-third town of the colony, and the first church of 
the town was gathered in the same year under John 
Ward as pastor. The first selectmen of the tovra, 
Thomas Hale, Henry Palmer, Thomas Davis, James 
Davis and William White, were elected October 
29, 1646. 

The first meetinghouse, a tiny log structure 
twenty-six feet long and twenty wide, was built in 
1648 on the lower end of the Mill Lot, now Pentuc- 
ket Cemetery, and here worship was held for more 
than half a century, until in November, 1699, the 
meetings were transferred to the new house built 
within the Common, now City Hall Park. The long 

service of John Ward, first preacher and teacher and 
influential leader, lasted from 1641 until his death 
in 1693. 

The colonists v^rrested from the wilderness their 
scanty living, fought with cold and privation, and 
were in constant defense against the stealthy, 
treacherous and cruel Indians who ambushed and 
killed and captured, and who made two memorably 
flerce attacks on the little settlement; — one on 
Mai'ch 15, 1697, when they plundered and burned 
nine houses, killed twenty-seven persons of whom 
thirteen were children, and carried away thirteen 
captives, two of whom, Mrs. Hannah Duston and 
Mrs. Mary Corliss Nefl^, wrought bloody vengeance 
on their captors; the second, just before daybreak 
on August 29, 1708, when a large party of French 
and Indians, two hundred or more in number, at- 
tacked the centre of the tovvTi, killed the minister, 
John Rolfe, at the parsonage, where the High School 
now stands, massacred sixteen persons, carried 
away sixteen captives, and fled before the sun was 
fairly up. So hot was the day that it was necessary 
to bury the dead at once, and so exhausted were the 
townsmen that they could dig for them but a single 

Haverhill was made a part of Essex County, 
February 4, 1680, and the old county of Norfolk, of 
which it was previously a town, was abolished. 
Changes in the original territory of the town were 
made in 1725, when a large part of its western sec- 
tion beyond Hawkes Meadow Brook was made a 
separate township, called Methuen, and in 1740, 
when by the settlement of the bountary line be- 
tween Massachusetts and New Hampshire a large 
tract of land now embraced in the to\vns of Hamp- 
stead, Plaistow, Atkinson and Salem, was trans- 
ferred to New Hampshire. 

The town grew, expanded in industries, shared 
in all of the struggles of the colony, and used its 
town meetings as schools for the teaching of lib- 
erty and equality in rights. The news of the strug- 
gle at Lexington reached Haverhill on April 19, 
1775. Three days before a disastrous fire had swept 
Main street from the Common to White's corner, 
and men were still working over the ruins when the 
messenger rode into town, but before evening one 
hundred and five minute men and militia were on 
the march to Cambridge. In the more than eight 
years of the Revolution, Haverhill contributed its 
full quota of men and met its full share of expendi- 
ture. It bore its severe burden with characteristic 

courage, hope and determination, and when the 
war was over it set itself to rebuild its shattered 
industries. The shipyards took new life, the wharves 
were piled with commodities for commerce and 
prosperity smiled upon the town. Moreover it be- 
came a leading community in culture and refinement, 
in religious and missionary spirit, and in temperance 
and anti-slavery activity. 

When the Civil War of 1861 came, Haverhill was 
ready to do her patriotic duty. Her population in 
1860 was but 9,995, yet she contributed to the fight- 
ing force of the Union 1300 men, including 73 com- 
missioned officers; and although her valuation was 
but $3,798,550, she raised and expended on account 
of the war $118,135, while for aid to dependent fam- 
ilies she gave $114,542. 

The years following the close of the Civil War 
were filled with change and activity. The town was 

innumerable advantages and the quickening life of 
the city. Twice before, once in September, 1869, 
and once in June, 1872, efforts had been made to 
unite the places, but they had been rejected. 

In October, 1908, a new city charter, founded on 
the commission form, was adopted at a special elec- 
tion, and under this form of administration the city 
is at present governed. No years of her history 
have been so marked by excellence of conditions, 
by prosperity and healthy and rapid growth, as her 
recent years. 

"Proud of her history and traditions; proud of 
the men and women who here have lived and 
worked, preached and taught and sown the seed of 
larger thought and prosperity within her confines; 
proud of her growth, her honored standing among 
the cities of the Commonwealth, the intelligence 
and high character of her people; proud of the pros- 


ambitious to assume the dignity of a city, and on 
May 15, 1869, by a vote of 671 yeas to 141 nays, the 
act establishing the City of Haverhill was adopted. 
On January 3, 1870, the first city government was 
inaugurated, the Honorable Warner R. Whittier be- 
ing the first mayor. With the change from town to 
city the old Haverhill underwent a rapid trans- 
formation. Change and growth swept away old 
residential streets and old buildings, opened exten- 
sive new building tracts, built new schools, churches, 
bridges and public buildings, gave new life to busi- 
ness and brought the spirit of increasing activity 
and energy to the community. 

On November 2, 1896, an act annexing the tovm 
of Bradford to the city of HaverhilU was accepted 
by both communities. This union gave to Haverhill 
a beautiful residential district, and to Bradford the 

perity within her marts of trade, the peace within 
her streets, the harmony within her factories; she 
turns to the future a face shining with hope and 
the confidence of fortunes even brighter and greater 
than those of her past years." 

Many of the historical events described by Mr. 
Bartlett centered around the spot pictured above. 
The park was formerly called "The Common," and 
on it was erected the second meeting-house. The 
rear of the First Parish (Unitarian) church is 
seen at the right of the picture, while next to it, in 
the background is the old High School, now the 
Central Ninth. The monument in the foreground 
commemorates the brave deed of Hannah Duston, 
whose escape from Indian captivity is recorded in 
American school histories. 



By Charles C. Chase, President Haverhill Chamber of Commerce 

HAVERHILL, on the banks of the Merrimack, 
renowned as the slipper city of the world, 
is known wherever industry or the fruits of 
industry are recognized. As a place of residence, 
as a manufacturing city, it has proved itself among 
those of greatest importance. The beauty of situa- 
tion, topped by hills whose verdure is one of luxur- 
iance; with fertile valleys, stretches of woodland, 
beautiful to look upon; with many advantageous 
breathing spots; with a park, the happy recreation 
grounds of thousands, affording not only wonderful 
drives and vistas of scenery of incomparable splen- 
dor, but panoramic effect of long distance views. 
Many lakes afford pleasant prospects, furnish an en- 
viable water supply and make of the landscape a 
vision of delight. 

The construction of buildings in later years; the 
acquisition of public property, the exceptional 
growth of the city in many directions mark a pro- 
gress that foretells extension of boundaries and a 
development industrially and socially that will de- 
mand a greater citizenship. 

Here where our ancestors founded homes be- 
cause it was a fair place and here where General 
Washington immortalized the beauty of the river 
and its shores, here where our hearts have been in- 
spired by the history of those pioneers, here is where 
our destiny lies. 

With a vision comparable to that of the first 
settlers, our forbears built their homes and made 
their town a worthy place for others. With some- 
thing of that same vision, enlarged as to scope 
of present day opportunities, we, the citizens of 
Haverhill commend that early judgment and de- 
termine to make a city that shall always stand 
for the best. 

Beautiful for situation, ideal as a place of resi- 
dence, possessed of many opportunities, industrially 
and socially, Haverhill stands today with broader 
outlook and with an optimism unbounded. The 400 
manufacturing establishments of the present, the 
15,000 busy workers of 1917 are heralds of thousands 
of factories and a corresponding increase in popula- 
tion. Haverhill expects to do greater things in the 
future because of its great past. It is to be a more 
important Haverhill with a brilliant and powerful 
aggregate of citizenship which will have a part in 
the successes that are to be realized. 

Faithful to the traditions, with belief in the 
present and all its future, Haverhill invites others 
from distant places or nearby towns to share in 
creating a still better city and by the combination 
of many minds, with the accord that comes from a 
unison of ideas and hopes, there will remain for 
Haverhill a realization of all the blessings vouch- 
safed to man. 


By Albert M. Child, Secretary Haverhill Shoe Manufacturers' Association 

WHEN we study the history of shoemaking, 
we find it to be one of the first industries 
to be taken up in Haverhill, after John 
Ward and his band of adventurous spirits paddled 
up the Merrimack in 1640 and settled in the most 
beautiful spot which their eyes beheld upon its 

From making shoes for themselves, then for 
their neighbors and then on and on, the industry 
grew until in the fifties and sixties, the city was de- 
veloping into a Shoe City, reaching that distinction 
when receiving its City Charter in 1870 and in the 
summer of that year proving that fact, when her 
shoe manufacturers entertained upon the eastern 
shore of picturesque Lake Kenoza, shoe buyers from 

every state in the Union, bringing them from Bos- 
ton by special train, banqueting them in the "Old 
Stone House" and returning them to Boston. A 
valued souvenir of that occasion, a group picture, 
portraying that milestone in the industry, hangs in 
the office of the Haverhill Shoe Manufacturers' As- 

The central figures in this picture are Governor 
Washburn and Haverhill's first Mayor, Hon. Warner 
R. Whittier. It was presented to the Association 
by Mr. Henry G. Dillenback, one of the local partici- 
pants, who was a prominent manufacturer of that 

Haverhill shoe manufacturers of 1870 knew and 
practiced successful methods of making, advertis- 

ing and merchandising their goods and their suc- 
cessors, with this inherited knowledge, have, with 
infinite study, acquired the highest ability in devis- 
ing new styles and fancy combinations to attract 
and please the purchaser. Her shoe worlcers are 
born to the business, growing up in it, trained in it; 
employers and employees thinking, talking, dream- 
ing and making shoes. So Haverhill well merits its 
acknowledged position as the "Leading Slipper City 
of the World," and the Chamber of Commerce slo- 
gan, "Haverhill Shoes Tread the Carpets of the 
Globe," is just as true as though stated in less 
thrilling language. 

In 1876, at the Philadelphia Centennial, an ex- 

making Haverhill the "Great Boot and Shoe City" is 
the making of men's medium grade Welts and Mc- 
Kays, high and low cuts, and medium and high 
grade men's Turn slippers. The value of men's 
shoes made annually amounts to $6,000,000.00. 

With the 140 concerns doing business in soles, 
taps, counters, leather heels, wood heels, toplifts, 
tacks and all kinds of shoe findings; with officials in 
all of the National Banks and Trust Companies, who 
thoroughly understand the shoe business and who 
are ever ready to give character and ability their 
full value when extending credit and whose time 
and valuable advice are freely accorded with as 
liberal treatment as safety will allow; with opera- 



hibition of shoes by a local firm, Hazen B. Goodrich 
& Company, won a medal for unsurpassed style and 
workmanship. Although the style was the square 
toe and low heel of the period, the workmanship 
cannot be bettered today. 

While Haverhill has long been knoviTi as a Slip- 
per City and still holds the leading position in that 
line, she is fast becoming a leader, also, in the man- 
ufacture of women's boots. Welts, McKays and 
Turns, from medium grades to a high, fine and 
beautifully made product, which compares favorably 
with that of factories in other sections longer known 
as boot producers. 

Another feature which is an important factor in 

tives trained in the work from minority; with head- 
quarters of all the shoe machinery companies; with 
centrally located modern factories and with home 
facilities unexcelled in beauty, convenience and vari- 
ation, Haverhill has not only everything which the 
large manufacturers can desire, but is a place with 
unequalled opportunities for the ambitious young- 
man to start with small capital. 

Prom the Massachusetts Bureau of Statistics, we 
find that in 1914, Haverhill had 126 manufacturing 
establishments devoted exclusively to the manufac- 
ture of boots and shoes. The capital invested was 
approximately nine and one-half million dollars, the 
value of the stock and material $14,569,417, and the 















amount of wages paid $6,318,254, while the value of 
the products reached $25,319,953. The report for 
1916 will show such an increase as no man dares 
estimate. Haverhill has more individual shoe man- 
ufacturing establishments than any other city in 
the world. It is these individual establishments 
which grow and develop into larger firms that are 
the hope and promise of an even greater shoe manu- 
facturing city in the future. 

While Haverhill's shoes are largely sold to the 
jobbing trade, many of her manufacturers sell di- 
rectly to retailers, thus eliminating a profit and in- 
creasing the publicity of the Haverhill product. 

An article upon the shoe industry of Haverhill 
would be incomplete and the increase during the 
past decade inadequately explained without a word 
about facilities. 

In 1905, there being no vacant factories, there- 

fore no opportunity for expansion, the Haverhill 
Board of Trade successfully promulgated a factory 
building campaign which directly resulted in the 
addition of an average of 100,000 square feet of floor 
space per year for ten years. Without exception, 
the eleven factories and three additions built dur- 
ing that period are either brick and mill construc- 
tion or cement — modern in every way — and 90 per 
cent, or 900,000 square feet of this new space is util- 
ized for the manufacture of shoes, or an increase of 
60 per cent in ten years. Therefore, a statement 
that Haverhilll shoes tread the carpets, the streets 
and the fields of the world would not be overstating 
the distribution of the annual product of 25,000,000 
pairs of men's, women's, boys', misses' and chil- 
dren's Turns, McKays, Welts and Stitchdowns man- 
ufactured in the "World's Best Factories," in the 
"Fastest Growing Shoe City in the United States." 


"fTW i 



By E. A. Emerson 

WHEN Haverhill was first settled practically 
every man was a farmer. In the early days 
the wants of the family were supplied from 
the products of the farm. Vegetables, grains, fruits, 
maple sugar, maple syrup, meat, eggs, poultry, and 
wool were common products. Hides were tanned 
and made into shoes, wool made into cloth, hats and 
yarn for stockings. From this condition of indepen- 
dence there has been a gradual change down to the 
present time so that now we are dependent on al- 
most the whole world to supply our needs. The 
writer can remember when most of the clothing for 
the family was home made and boots and shoes 
made by the local cobbler. 

For many years most of the farm produce was 

raised in Haverhill or adjoining towns. Now a large 
part of it is brought from Boston. We raise very 
little grain, we produce very little butter, no cheese, 
and more than half our milk supply comes from out 
of town. Thirty years ago most of the milk was re- 
tailed by men who raised part or all of their supply. 
Now the number of pedlers has diminished 75 per 
cent, and most of the dealers buy all their milk. 

A few years ago almost every farm on the 
roads out from the center of the city had cows 
and hens. Now many farms have no hens or cows. 
There are few farms where many vegetables are 
raised. On the trolley lines many farms have been 
cut up into house lots on which practically noth- 
ing is produced. 


There are probably a dozen of farmers who raise 
a large quantity of milk and about two dozen who 
raise smaller amounts, about a dozen who produce 
large quantities of vegetables and thirty or forty 
who raise small quantities. There are also a few 
raisers of small fruits, no very large producers of 
eggs and poultry, but there are several hundred in 
the business in a small way. Haverhill is typical of 
other cities and large towns in New England. As 
population increases, milk and other farm products 
are brought in on steam cars. Even in Atkinson we 
find a decline of agriculture. On Maple Avenue 
there are now five or six cows where a few years ago 
there were two hundred. 

Agriculturally, Haverhill is not much unlike other 
New England cities which have enjoyed tremendous 
growths along industrial lines. Attracted by the 

wage of the city with its many factories, the farm- 
er's son has left the parental homestead and migrat- 
ed to the larger center. That is probably one of the 
reasons why agriculture has not developed into the 
industry which it properly is. The advent of the 
war in 1917 brought the average city-man to a real- 
ization of what an important factor home agricul- 
ture can be. 

The Essex County Agricultural School in Hathome 
is the first county agricultural school in the country. 
It was secured through the efforts of the Essex 
County Associated Boards of Trade. Day scholars 
are taken from the farms, both boys and girls, and 
are taught the principles of farming and may thus 
come back and apply them at home. This is one of 
the means of restoring agriculture to its proper 



r, r t r r . »• r l 

I [ c 1 1 [ t L s c i. i i. r 



By Daniel N. Casey, Secretary Haverhill Chamber of Commerce 

HAVERHILL is the fastest growing shoe city 
and in the period from 1909 to 1914, which 
was the last taken by the Bureau of Census, 
Haverhill made a net gain of 13 shoe manufacturing 
establishments, leading all other competing shoe 
centers in the number of concerns gained in this 
period. In that five years also, Haverhill gained a 
total of 52 manufacturing establishments, and to- 
day has a total of nearly 400 industrial plants. Ha- 
verhill has more individual shoe manufacturing con- 
cerns than any other city on the North American 
Continent about 135 firms being devoted to the 
manufacture of boots and shoes. Haverhill is also 
the center of the cut stock trade, there being about 
140 firms engaged in this line. Worsted goods, hats, 

morocco goods, leather, box board, wooden and pa- 
per boxes are also produced in Haverhill. 

Haverhill was for a long time known strictly as 
a woman's shoe center and is today the slipper city 
of the world. Her manufacturers have also gone 
into the production of other lines of footwear, how- 
ever, so that now Haverhill is producing 25,000,000 
pairs of shoes a year for men, women and children 
in turns, welts, and McKays. 

The disastrous fire of 1882 which leveled the old 
Washington Street district, gave forebears the op- 
portunity to re-create the brick factory building and 
practically all of Haverhill's industrial firms are 
today housed in the most modern factories of cement 
and brick. 


The growth of Haverhill in all lines, particularly 
in the last ten years, has been steady. Haverhill 
has added an average of 1,000 persons a year to her 
population in the past decade, has built an average 
of a modern shoe factory a year in the past ten 
years, and in the last five years has added seven 
and one-half million dollars to the value of her man- 
ufactured products, while her building permits have 
averaged close to a million and a half every year. 
New concerns and complete store alterations have 
naturally followed, and 2,000 tenements and homes 
have been built. 

Gas in Haverhill is 80 cents per thousand feet. 
Electricity for lighting is 11 cents K W hour, with 
a power rate as low as any in the State. 

Haverhill has 40 miles of street car trackage. 

Haverhill has an area of 32 square miles. 

There are two general hospitals, a tuberculosis 
and a contagious hospital. 


Boot and Shoe Cut Stock 

and Findings 135 

Boots and Shoes 119 

Boxes, Fancy & Paper 6 

Bread and Other Bakery 

Products 18 

Cutlery and Tools not 

elsewhere specified 4 

Foundry & Machine Shop 
Models and Patterns, 6 

Products ■ ■> 

Tobacco Manufacturers, ... 4 

Other Industries 67 

(These are the 1916 official 

Sixty trains a day arrive and depart from Ha- 
verhill depot, on main line Boston and Maine. Di- 
rect express service to Boston and express service 
direct to New York. 

Haverhill has four national banks, a trust com- 
pany, three savings and two co-operative banks. 

Settled in 1640, made a city in 1870, Haverhill 
has a population of 50,000. 

First city in the East to adopt the commission 
form of government, Haverhill has smooth paved 
streets, granolithic sidewalks, several hotels, a tele- 
phone to every six of its population, and is one of 
the first cities in the state in the ownership of auto- 

A new Boys' Club home, for which funds were 
raised through public subscription, is just completed. 
Young Men's Christian Association and Young Wo- 
men's Christian Association, both equipped with 
gymnasiums, are centrally located. 








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figures of the Massachusetts Bureau of Statistics.) 




By Charles H. Croy, Chairman River Navigation Committee 

THE battle for a deeper Merrimack goes back al- 
most as far as the oldest resident can re- 
member. With the assistance of a systematic 
plan worked out by the commercial organizations 
and representatives in the General Court in the Mer- 
rimack Valley indications were, up to a few months 
ago, that there were very bright prospects for de- 
velopment. The war intervened, however, and after 
a bill had unanimously passed both branches of the 
General Court promising state co-operation with the 
Federal Government on the project to obtain eigh- 

out into the sea; and then proceeding upward is 
Amesbury, then Haverhill and Lawrence and Low- 
ell. These cities with the towns adjacent have a 
population of 310,000 people. 

Haverhill has seven and one-half feet of water at 
mean low tide, and there is a rise and fall of about 
four feet. In 1914 the special committee appointed 
by Governor Foss advocated the development of the 
River to Lowell, which would be virtually to the New 
Hampshire state line. The project calls for a navi- 
gable channel eighteen feet deep and 200 feet wide 


teen feet from Newburyport to Lowell, Governor Mc- 
Call vetoed the bill because of war's contingency. 

In the last four or five years very comprehensive 
plans for the development of the Merrimack River 
have been worked out and the war will only serve to 
delay the ultimate consummation of a most meritori- 
ous project and one from which future generations 
will reap incalculable benefit. 

The Merrimack Valley is the richest industrial 
section in all industrial Massachusetts. Twenty-six 
per cent, of all manufactured articles in the Bay 
State are made along the banks of this river. The 
waters of the Merrimack turn more spindles than 
any other stream on earth, and it has been roughly 
figured that a million dollars a year could be saved 
on coal alone if the river was navigable as far as 
Lowell, thirty-six miles from its mouth. 

At Newburyport is the Harbor, which stretches 

at an estimated cost in 1914 of $7,076,600. The mem- 
bers of this state commission were: Charles C. 
Paine of Hyannis, chairman; Andrew B. Sutherland 
of Lawrence, and Lewis R. Hovey of Haverhill. 

December 10, 1914, fifty men from the Merri- 
mack Valley appeared before the committee on Riv- 
ers and Harbors, House of Representatives, 63rd 
Congress, and advocated the development proposi- 
tion. This followed the report from the government 
engineer of November 10, 1914. On May 23rd, 1916, 
representatives of the commercial organizations ap- 
peared before the Board of Appeal of the United 
States Army Engineers in Washington and the next 
month this board approved the project as one of 
merit with the recommendation that the Federal Gov- 
ernment participate in the expense equally with the 
State of Massachusetts. Under the plan the United 
States Engineers are to do the work with Massachu- 


setts to pay half at a rate not to exceed a million 
dollars a year. The cities and towns are to take care 
of all land damages and terminals and dock facilities. 

The bill which was presented to the Legislature 
in 1917 provided that the State was agreeable to the 
plan of the United States Army Engineers and mere- 
ly made the state funds available when the Federal 
Government called for them. 

This bill, had Governor McCall signed it, would 
have become a law, and the stamp of approval placed 
on it by the Legislature is evidence of the merit of 
the proposition. This is the plan which will, undoubt- 
edly, be followed in the future. 

Some of the figures which have been compiled to 
show the commercial strength of the Valley are very 
impressive. The following data may be of interest: 

There are on the banks of the river, in this short 

It equals in value 30 per cent, of the foreign 
trade of Canada, where $360,000,000 has been spent 
on rivers and ]■ rbors to develop foreign commerce. 

It equals in value nearly 25 per cent, of the for- 
eign trade of Austria-Hungary. 

It equals in value nearly 25 per cent, of the for- 
eign trade of the Russian Empire. 

It is equal in value to nearly 50 per cent, of the 
entire foreign trade of China and more than 50 per 
cent, of the entire foreign trade of Japan. 

It is greater in value than the foreign commerce 
of any of the countries of the Western Hemisphere 
with the exception of the United States, Canada, 
Brazil and Argentine Republic. 

It exceeds in value the foreign commerce of any 
of the seaports of the Western Hemisphere with the 
exception of New York and Buenos Aires. 


distance: 4 cities and 12 towns concerning which the 
following facts are submitted. (In order to be con- 
servative, 1912-13 figures have been used.) 
Population 307,540 

Value of assessed estates $262,710,204 

Number of manufacturing establish- 
ments 814 
Capital invested $188,152,336 
Number of wage earners 85,069 
Amount of wages paid in year $42,004,459 
Value of stock and materials used $116,870,360 
Value of finished product $196,595,077 
Value of raw material and finished 

products combined $313,465,473 

The value of raw material used, plus the value of 
the finished product equals 7% per cent, of the en- 
tire foreign trade of the United States. 

It equals in value 12% per cent, of the entire 
trade of France. 

It exceeds the foreign trade of Galveston by 
over $24,000,000. 

It exceeds the foreign trade of New Orleans by 
over $61,000,000. 

It exceeds the foreign trade of Boston by over 

It exceeds the foreign trade of Manchester, Eng- 
land, (where $100,000,000 have been spent in con- 
structing a canal 36 miles long with extensive sys- 
tems of docks) by $37,000,000. 

It exceeds the foreign trade of Glasgow, Scot- 
land, (where $55,000,000 have been spent in dredg- 
ing and dock construction) by $66,000,000. 

It represents trade of over one million dollars a 
day for every working day in the year. 

The foreign trade of the United States is $400 
per capita. 

The trade of the Merrimack Valley is over $1,000 
per capita. 


Cost of raw materials imported to Merrimack 
Valley is $7,000,000 more than all the exports from 
the United States to South America, and the trade 
in the Merrimack Valley is three times greater than 
the entire United States exports to South America. 

The trade of the Merrimack Valley is greater 
than the exports of the United States to France, 
Italy, Spain, Russia and Austria combined. 

Almost equal to our exports to Canada or to Ger- 
many, our second and third best customers, and is 
over 50 per cent of the United States exports to 
Great Britain, our best customer. 

The freight tonnage is over 5,000,000 tons an- 
nually, which is about the same as that of the Man- 
chester, England, ship canal, which cost $100,000,000 
to construct. 

Please remember that the above figures are all in 
connection with business done in 1912 and do not re- 
flect any of the recent tremendous increases due to 
war orders. 

If 1916 figures had been taken they would, in most 
cases, have been 50 per cent, higher, and in some 
cases nearly 100 per cent, higher. 

Not many years ago Massachusetts was second 
only to New York State in the value of its manu- 
factured products and led Pennsylvania by $3,000,- 
000, and Illinois by $192,000,000. 

Since that time New York State has spent $272,- 
000,000 on its waterways and leads Massachusetts in 
manufactured products $1,500,000,000. 

Illinois has spent $39,000,000 and now leads Mas- 
sachusetts, $192,000,000. 

Pennsylvania has spent $63,000,000 on water- 

ways and now leads Massachusetts by $840,000,000 
in manufactured products. 

The great Kiel Canal, completed in 1914, is 61 
miles long and cost more than $65,000,000. 

The British Royal Commission on Canals and 
Waterways reported concerning the German water- 
ways: "That the use of natural and artificial water- 
ways, in cheapening the transportation of coal and 
other low grade traffic increased the trade, industry 
and wealth of Germany and so indirectly increased 
the revenues of the railroads from passengers and 
high class goods." 

The engineering plan contemplated a lock and 
dam near Lion's Mouth in Amesbury and probably 
another lock between Haverhill and Lawrence. Up 
to a few years ago when street railway competition 
rendered the business unprofitable, pleasure steamers 
plied between Haverhill and Black Rocks at the 
mouth of the river and in 1904 a boat line for some 
months ran between Boston and Haverhill, but this 
had to be finally abandoned because the boat was 
forced to wait for the tide. There are about 200 
motor boat owners in the city with two boat clubs. 

With a great abundance of green on its banks, 
with trees overhanging, with fertile farms adjoining, 
with an undulating country spread out on both sides, 
including many nooks and turns the Merrimack Riv- 
er in the grandeur of its beauty rivals that of the 
Hudson from Albany to Poughkeepsie. The waters 
of the Merrimack are a pleasant blue, the hills which 
o'er top it in the summer a delightful green, and tVe 
vast areas of trees and plants which line its bp".cs 
render its view one of unsurpassed adommem, and 
wondrous scenic beauty. 


By Henry Frost, Supt. of Park Department. 

DIVIDING Haverhill's great industrial and mer- 
cantile sections, fronting Washington Square 
and running to the river, in the very heart 
of the city, a beauteous breathing spot is the marvel 
of visitors to our city. It is Washington Square 
Park and while its entire extent covers only 60,000 
square feet, its location in the very center of all 
commercial activities is proof that Haverhill has an 
eye to natural beauty and a liking for the things of 
earth. Shrubs, trees, and green grass make at- 
tractive this little garden spot at all times of the 
year, while the swift swish of the Merrimack lends 
a distinctiveness which makes it all the more 

City Hall Park as well is another area of green 
near the orbit of the city's activities and in it are 
the statues of Hannah Duston, erected by the late 
E. J. M. Hale, and a boulder set in place by the 

Daughters of the Revolution in commemoration of 
the men who fell in the war of 1776. 

Haverhill's Park Board created twenty-seven 
years ago has charge of nineteen parks and four 
playgrounds, with a total area of 296 acres and an 
assessed value of $507,000. The largest is Winni- 
kenni Park with 214 acres which lies around the 
shores of Lake Kenoza. This estate was for many 
years the property of the late Dr. James R. Nichols, 
who built the castle which surmounted the hill from 
rocks and stones all found in the adjacent neighbor- 
hood. Later this castle was the summer home of a 
Mr. Webb of Salem and is now owned by the Ha- 
verhill Water Works. Pour miles of driveway have 
been constructed around this Park circuiting the 
Lake. At one resting spot is a beautiful fountain 
contributed by the family of the late Dudley Porter, 
for many years a member of the Park Commission, 


and Tyler Memorial, a pagoda house of stone given 
by Mrs. Henry P. Tyler, in memory of her husband. 
A tennis court, bowling alley, swings and the vast 
area of shade contribute to make this Park one of 
the beauty spots of Massachusetts. The hemlock 
grove of extensive area is one of the only two in the 
state the other growth of hemlocks being at the 

feet, and Bradford Common, transferred to the Park 
Department by the first Parish in Bradford in 1901, 
contains 41,725 square feet. The Gale Park at the 
junction of Mill Street and Kenoza Avenue was 
given to the city by the late John E. Gale, for many 
years an enthusiastic member of the Park Commis- 
sion. The curbing around the Park costing a thousand 



Harvard arboretum. The entire Winnikenni section dollars was secured by subscription from the near- 

is in a wonderful location and its stretches of roads 
and walks with its trees and shrubs make it most 

Riverside and Shoreland Parks compose sixty- 
one acres. Mt. Washington Park is 48,000 square 

by residents. Some of the early churches were lo- 
cated on the lot of land now knovvTi as City Hall 
Park, and the title was given the city by the First 
Parish under the conditions that it should be for- 
ever kept for Park purposes. What is now Wash- 


ington Square Park was turned over to the Park 
Department in 1890 and was laid out by Superinten- 
dent Frost. 

The Brickett Park, adjoining the Walnut Square 
School, was taken by right of eminent domain and 
was named for the late Benjamin F. Brickett, at one 
time Mayor of Haverhill. Columbia Park was a 
gift from the people who laid out the street which 
the Park divides. The White Park on Mill Street 
was given by the White Estate. Sagamore Park on 
North Main Street was a gift from ex-Mayor George 
H. Carleton. Haseltine Park in the Bradford Dis- 
trict, was given by the estate of George Haseltine, 

tains 60,600 square feet. The Primrose Street 
playground is land owned by the city and contains 
about 18,000 square feet. It was turned over to the 
Park Commission last year and will be occupied 
shortly for the uses of a playground. Young lady 
supervisors and janitors are provided during the 
summer months at the playgrounds, most of which 
are thoroughly equipped. Places are also provided 
for coasting, skating and the Park Department is 
hopeful of doing more along these lines for the com- 
ing generations. 

The development of the Park System of Haverhill 
has been by conservative but helpful measures and 


which also provided a fountain and also furnished 
money for fitting the Park up for park purposes. 
The Union Park between Union and Nichols Streets 
was a gift of people living nearby. The lot on which 
Windsor Park is located was taken by the city for 
street purposes and the trees set out around it by 
S. Porter Gardner. Silver Terrace on Mt. Wash- 
ington is the smallest Park with 2,416 square feet. 
The city has four public playgrounds. The play- 
ground on Mt. Washington, known as Passaquio 
playground, was purchased in 1909 and contains 14 
acres of land. The Bradford playground in the 
Bradford District contains 73,342 square feet. The 
Margin Street playground near River Street con- 

steady, thoughtful work has brought all the results 
of today. 

The work has been broadened out as the years 
have passed by the increased activities made neces- 
sary. The spirit of the Park Commissioners and em- 
ployees has been to develop the natural breathing 
spots within the city to the best of their ability and 
limit of the appropriations and to lay out the Parks 
with an eye to future growth. These men have had 
the vision of the city beautiful before them and 
have labored unceasingly that Haverhill's Parks 
might compare favorably with all others. We have 
today a Park System of which we are justly proud 
and one that reflects the citizenship of the city. 



By Albert L. Sawyer, Registrar 

THE Haverhill Aqueduct Company was organ- 
ized in 1802, the first meeting being held in 
Harrod's Tavern, which stood on the site of 
the present City Hall. At this date there were but 
sixteen places in the United States that had a water 
works system, and there were none in Canada. 

In 1891 the City acquired the water system of 
the Aqueduct Company, paying for the same $720,- 

The management of the Department is vested in 
a Board of five commissioners, one being elected 

The purity of the various sources of water supply 
for the City is considered by the State Department 
of Health as generally satisfactory. The chlorine 
is considered the best index to pollution and the 
chlorine of all the sources of supply in Haverhill 
averages from .45 to .50 while the normal chlorine 
for the region about Haverhill is .30. Bacterial 
examinations of the main sources of supply have 
usually been satisfactory. 

In regard to the hardness, the waters of the 
various sources of the supply, with the exception of 


each year by the Municipal Council for a term of 
five years. 

In 1896 by the annexation of Bradford, the City 
acquired the water system that had been built by 
that Town. 

The sources of supply in Haverhill are. Crystal 
Lake, Kenoza Lake, Lake Saltonstall and Pentucket 
Lake, with a total watershed of 3207 acres, and a 
capacity of 1,551,400,000 gallons together with Mill- 
vale storage reservoir with a watershed of 4954 
acres and a capacity of 118,000,000 gallons. Brad- 
ford is supplied by Johnson's Pond with a watershed 
of 3300 acres and a capacity of 708,000,000 gallons. 
All but one of these ponds are wholly within the city 

Lake Saltonstall, are comparatively soft ranging 
from No. 66 for Crystal Lake to No. 130 for Lake 
Saltonstall out of a list of 153 water sources of 

The average hardness of the various sources 
of supply for 1916 is as follows, in parts of 100,000: 

Millvale Reservoir, 2.8 

Kenoza Lake, 2.1 

Crystal Lake 1.3 

Johnson's Pond, 2.7 

Pentucket Lake, 2.1 

Lake Saltonstall 3.0 

As a matter of comparison it might be stated 
that, the hardness of the Metropolitan water supply 
for 1905 to 1909 inclusive varies from .8 — Wachusett 


Reservoir, to 2.0 — Lake Cochituate. The hardness 
of the filtered Merrimack River water — Lawrence 
water supply — is 1.4. 

A reservoir on Gale's Hill with a capacity of 
9,000,000 gallons furnishes high service for domestic 
and fire purposes in Haverhill, and a second reser- 
voir with a capacity of 3,000,000 gallons furnishes 
similar service for Bradford. Separate mains for 
fire service are laid throughout the retail and the 
manufacturing districts, which afford ample service 
in case of fire. There is no charge for water used 
for fire stand pipes or automatic sprinklers. 

Since 1891 many improvements and additions 
have been made to the system. Among these have 
been, the purchase of much of the land on the water- 
shed of the various ponds; the construction of a 
reservoir and dam with pumping station and pump 
at Millvale; a new station and two pumps at Kenoza; 
two storage reservoirs and the installation of an 
additional pump at Bradford. The larger part of 
the land acquired around Kenoza Lake is known as 
Winnekenni Park, having been placed in the care of 

the Park Commissioners by the Water Board. 

The amount of bonded indebtedness which was 
originally $900,000, has been reduced to $360,000, 
and in 1927 will be entirely paid. 

There have been ten reductions in water rates 
since the City acquired the plant, the present sched- 
ule being among the lowest in the State. All fac- 
tories are metered, and water rates are based on a 
sliding schedule ranging from .16 per 100 cu. ft. 
(750 gallons) to .07 y2 per 100 cu. ft. 25 per cent, 
discount is allowed on water bills paid within fifteen 
days, and in 1916 $44,845.63 was allowed in discounts. 

The statistics of the department December 1, 
1916 were as follows: 116% miles of main pipe; 
8056 service taps; 1477 stop gates; 461 hydrants 
and 2599 meters; daily consumption 5,856,596 gal- 
lons or 116 gallons to each inhabitant; 32 per cent, 
of the services are metered. 

The total receipts from sale of water in 1892 
was $72,206; in 1916 $158,581. Expenses in 1916 for 
operation $51,568; interest, bonds and sinking fund, 
$50,240; construction and land, $53,871. 




By Frederick H. Magison, Esq., City Solicitor, 1916 

THE government of the City of Haverhill as de- 
termined by the charter amendment of 1908 
(Chap. 574 of the acts of that year), is osten- 
sibly and by reputation the so-called "commission 
form" of municipal government, and possesses cer- 
tain prominent features consistently connected with 
this new and concentrated form ever since it was 
first put into practical use in American cities some 
seventeen years ago. These particular features are 
the short, non-partisan ballot, the recall, and the in- 
itiative and referendum provisions. Nevertheless, 
the terms "commission" and "commissioners" were 
carefully and conscientiously avoided by the authors 
of Haverhill's "new charter," as a part of their plan 
of centralizing all authority in the Municipal Coun- 
cil as a board and of preventing the exercise of any 
of it by an individual member of that board. 

The governing body of the City of Haverhill, 
styled the "Municipal Council," is composed of a 
mayor and four aldermen elected at large and with- 
out political designations, for terms of two years. 
In theory, at least, it is supposed to be continuously 
on duty for the transaction of the city's business, 
as indicated by some of the terms of the charter, by 
the amounts of the salaries paid the council ($2500 
to the mayor and $1800 to each alderman), and by 
the absence of any expressed power to delegate any 

At the beginning of each municipal year the 
council is organized by the choice of a president, 
not the mayor, who, in the absence of the mayor 
presides at meetings and acts as mayor, with au- 
thority to do such minor acts and perform such du- 
ties as, by law or ordinance, devolve upon the mayor 
and which from their nature must be done by an in- 
dividual and without delay. 

Powers of the Council 

The charter specifically provides that all power 
and authority vested by law in the city as a body 
politic and corporate shall devolve upon and be ex- 
ercised by the council as a board. 

In accordance with the provisions of most com- 
mission government charters, the form adopted in 
Haverhill does not permit the exercise by the mayor 
of any of the authority which by general law and 
custom has long been an inseparable adjunct of the 
ofl!ice. He has no power of veto or approval, or of 
nomination or appointment to or removal or sus- 
pension from office. He presides at the meetings of 
the council when present, but otherwise has merely 

the power of his own vote on all matters, and is in 
all other respects no more than on a par with the 
other members of the council. The result is that 
each alderman has equal authority with the mayor 
in all municipal affairs. 

Division of Functions 

In contra-distinction to the typical commission 
government charter, the so-called "new charter" of 
Haverhill contains no provision for the division or 
assignment of administrative or executive functions 
among the five members of the Municipal Council, 
but on the contrary, definitely lays down the princi- 
ple that the Municipal Council shall exercise and 
perform, as a body, all the powers and duties which 
were previously exercised and performed by the 
mayor, the city council and its different branches 
and committees under the old bi-cameral form of 

Despite the directions, omissions and implica- 
tions of the "new charter," however, and in apparent 
recognition of the difficulties of administering the 
affairs of the city in any other manner, the Munici- 
pal Council has from the first adopted the plan of 
subdividing, by order at the beginning of the year, 
the various functions of government into five sepa- 
rate and distinct departments, and of assigning 
one of these departments to each member of the 
council, with power to supervise and control its op- 
erations subject to the general administrative auth- 
ority of the council as a board, thus, in effect, close- 
ly approximating the poorer of the two systems of 
government by commission. (The other system, it 
may be explained parenthetically, is the election of 
presumably fitted commissioners to appropriate de- 
partments already separated and established by 
charter. ) 

This division of executive responsibility in Ha- 
verhill, unauthorized by the charter as it is, has been 
from the first the cause of considerable criticism as 
well as confusion. But it has been believed that in 
no other way could the many details of municipal 
affairs be properly taken care of, and that necessity 
alone is sufficient to give this division of functions 
a sort of legal status, if it is not, indeed, permitted 
by implication for the very objects for which govern- 
ment exists. The omission in the charter of any 
provision whatsoever for the division of functions 
and their assignment to different members of the 
council has been accepted as a mistake in judgment. 


The five departments into which the government 
of Haverhill has thus by order regularly been di- 
vided are the departments of "Finance and Ac- 
counts," of "Highvirays," of "Public Safety," of "Pub- 
lic Property" and of "Health and Charities." 

The Recall Provision 

The recall provision of the Haverhill charter is 
of the type usually found in straight commission 
government charters. In order to recall a member 
of the Municipal Council a petition must be filed 
bearing the signatures of voters equal in number to 
twenty-five per cent of the votes cast at the last 
election at which a mayor was elected. When such 
a petition is presented to the Municipal Council, it 
must call a special election at which, unless the in- 
cumbent sought to be removed signifies his inten- 

Initiative and Referendum 

The right of initiative and referendum, in con- 
nection with the internal legislation of the city, is 
provided for by the Haverhill charter in a form very 
similar to that of the ordinary commission govern- 
ment charter. A petition for the passing of an ord- 
inance, signed by the same number of voters that is 
required on a recall petition, calls for the enactment 
of such ordinance by the Municipal Council, or for 
its submission to the people at a special election, or 
at a regular city election, if one is due within nine- 
ty days. A similar petition, signed by less than 
twenty-five but more than ten per cent, of the same 
number of voters obliges the Municipal Council to 
pass the ordinance, or to submit it to the voters at 
the next regular city election, whenever it may 


tion not to be a candidate, he will be included 
among the candidates for the office qualified at a 
primary previously held for the purpose. At such 
an election the person receiving the highest number 
of votes is declared elected and for the balance of 
the unexpired term of the person removed or sought 
to be removed. 

The exercises of the recall privilege has never yet 
been carried to the conclusion of a special election 
in Haverhill since the recall provision was included 
in the charter. This may be due to the requirement 
of a number of signers to the petition equal to twen- 
ty-five per cent, of the number of persons voting 
at the last mayoralty election, which is well above 
the average proportion required by the provisions 
of most modern short ballot charters, and is con- 
sidered too high by experts. 

The repeal of any ordinance passed by the coun- 
cil may be eflfected by a majority of the voters at an 
election, special or regular, after the filing of a pe- 
tition therefor signed by twenty-five per cent, of 
them; and the repeal or amendment of any ordinance 
passed on petition may be eflfected by a majority 
of the voters upon the initiative of the Municipal 
Council in submitting a proposition for such repeal 
or amendment to the people. 


The form of the municipal government of the 
City of Haverhill is admittedly a weak modification 
of the commission form, and is technically not en- 
titled to be known as such; but it is difficult to know 
how else to describe it in terms, inasmuch as the 
Municipal Council has by order and lately by ordi- 


nance assumed for its individual members the title 
and some of the authority of commissioners. 

But it must be evident from the results of its 
operation during the past nine years, as well as 
from a comparative study of the law under which 
it is established with those acts establishing in 
other cities the genuine commission form of govern- 

ment, that the frequent lack of departmental co- 
operation and the consequent furthering of ineffi- 
ciency in the management of municipal affairs is 
due as much to the timid deficiencies of the charter 
as to the incapacity of ofRcials elected in a sense at 
random to executive positions undetermined and un- 
defined in advance for the benefit of the electorate. 


By Major Ralph D. Hood 

HAVERHILL from the earliest period of her 
white settlement has furnished men of prov- 
en military ability and prowess as upholders 
and defenders of the God-given right, or religious, 
civic and personal freedom from all rule except that 
of, "By and with the consent of the governed." 

As early as 1631 a military company was auth- 
orized and in all probability Ensign Noyes, our first 
surveyor, was an officer, although it was not until 
1662 that a record was made of the organization of 
a Militia Company with Captain William White and 
Lieutenant Daniel Ladd as officers. 

In 1675 a fort was built around the meeting 
house and from that time until 1762 the colony was 
almost continually under arms in defense of their 
homes from the attacks of the Indians and French. 
On April 30, 1697, the famed Hannah Duston and two 
companions killed and scalped ten Indians, thereby 
carving a place for herself in the world's history as 
the American Amazon. 

In the Indian massacre of August 29, 1708, the 
following officers were killed: Captain Samuel Ayer, 
Captain Simeon Wainwright, and Lieutenant John 

In the pre-Revolutionary period many companies 
of Militia were organized. Among those whose 
names have been perpetuated, are found that of 
General Israel Bartlett, the only general officer men- 
tioned in early history, as well as the following Cap- 
tains: Edmund Mooers, Richard Saltonstall, David 
Johnson, John Hazen and Ensign Moses Hazen. 
These officers kept up the organization of the Mili- 
tary Companies of that early period. 

Previous to September 5, 1774, all of the Haver- 
hill troops had been Infantry, but on this date a 
company of Artillery was organized under Captain 
James Brickett, Lieutenant Israel Bartlett and En- 
sign Joshua B. Osgood as officers, probably in anti- 
cipation of the Revolution. 

On April 19, 1775, Lieutenant Colonel James 
Brickett with Captain James Sawyer's, Captain Eb- 
enezer Colby's, and Lieutenant Samuel Clement's 
Companies of minute men, a total of 105 officers and 
men, left Haverhill for Cambridge in answer to the 
first call of the American Revolution; one company 

of Militia having been left behind to protect the 
town and finish up the spring work. 

At the battle of Bunker or Breed's Hill two com- 
panies were in action and a number of men were 
wounded, among them being Col. James Brickett. A 
greater portion of these men, with many recruits 
from home, continued in the service of the Continen- 
tal Army throughout the war, among whom were 
Captain William Baker and General Thomas Bart- 
lett, the latter having been the ranking oflScer from 
the town of Haverhill. 

In 1804 Capt. Huse was commanding the local 
company and on May 26, 1810 the Haverhill Light 
Infantry was organized and commanded by Captain 
Jesse Harding, with an armory in the Bannister 
Block on the site of the Wachusett Club at the cor- 
ner of Merrimack and Bridge Streets. The town 
boasted of three companies in 1812 and on Septem- 
ber 10, 1814, Capt. Samuel W. Duncan's Company 
of the 5th Regiment, 2d Brigade, 2d Division, M. V. 
M., with Lieutenant Nathaniel Burrill and Ensign 
Thomas Newcomb, marched to Charlestown for ser- 
vice in the war against England. 

At the close of the war in 1815 the town held a 
celebration in honor of their successful efforts to 
maintain their independence and the names of Ma- 
jors Duncan, White and Harding appear as the rank- 
ing officers of the occasion. 

The Haverhill Light Infantry was disbanded in 
1841 and was succeeded by the Hale Guards under 
Capt. William Taggert. 

No company was organized for the Mexican War 
in 1849 and 1850, but many Haverhill soldiers went 
with Col. Caleb Cushing's Massachusetts Regiment 
and at least seven of these veterans are buried in Ha- 
verhill cemeteries. 

No remarkable military event occurred between 
1850 and 1861, and during a part of this time the 
Hale Guards were quartered in the Town Hall and 
later were transferred to the Armory at the corner 
of Merrimack and Fleet streets, where they were 
when the call came to put down the Rebellion, and 
under Capt. Carlos P. Messer the Hale Guards as 
Co. D, 5th Massachusetts Infantry, entrained for 
the defense of Washington and took part in the Bal- 

timore Riot on their way. The following companies 
were later recruited and did loyal service from 1861 
to 1865: 

Co. E, 17th Vol., Capt. Michael McNamara. 

Co. F, 17th Vol., Capt. Luther Day. 

Co. H, 22nd Vol., Capt. John J. Thompson. 

Co. G, 35th Vol., Capt. William F. Gibson. 

Co. G, 50th Vol., Capt. George W. Edwards. 

Co. F, 50th Vol., Capt. Samuel Duncan. 

Co. I, 60th Vol., Capt. David Boynton. 

Besides these other unattached units followed, all 
doing heroic service for state and nation. Many 
gained high rank and undying honor, among whom 
was Major Henry Jackson How, whose brilliant life 
closed on a Southern battlefield. With a total popula- 
tion of less than 10,000 persons, Haverhill furnished 

1873, John N. Ellsworth was commissioned 1st Lieu- 
tenant and Frank A. Dow, 2nd Lieutenant. 

April 13, 1874, John N. Ellsworth was commis- 
sioned Captain, Frank A. Dow, 1st Lieutenant, and 
Charles H. Stanton, 2nd Lieutenant, who was suc- 
ceeded by Marshall Alden on September 11, 1875, 
and who later became 1st Lieutenant on Sept. 17, 
1877. It was in 1877 that this company was equipped 
with the Springfield breech-loading rifle, calibre 45. 

On September 11, 1878, Marshall Alden became 
Captain, and on Dec. 20, 1878, William L. French and 
George H. Hanscom became 1st and 2nd Lieuten- 
ants, and by General Order No. 7, December 3, 1878, 
this Company was transferred from the Sixth to the 
Eighth Regiment. 

December 29, 1879, George H. Hanscom became 


73 officers and 1,300 men to preserve the Union, and 
of this number 186 gave up their lives in battle. 

Military matters were at a standstill in Haverhill 
after the close of the war in 1865 until July 1, 1869 
when Co. F, 6th M. V. M. was transferred from Con- 
cord to Haverhill and Capt. Edmund G. W. Cart- 
wright, 1st Lieut. Henry T. Fitts and 2nd Lieut. Wil- 
liam H. Turner were elected officers on August 6, 

1869, and camped at Boxford, August 24 to 29, 1869. 
On May 23, 1870, William H. Turner was com- 
missioned 1st Lieutenant and Richard B. Brown, 2nd 
Lieutenant. Annual Camp was September 6 to 10, 

1870, Swampscott. April 15, 1872, Richard B. Brown 
was commissioned Captain and John N. Ellsworth, 
2nd Lieutenant, and the Annual Camp was at 

In 1873 the State purchased the State Camp- 
ground at Framingham and the Militia was equipped 
with the muzzle-loading Springfield rifle. May 19, 

Captain and Benjamin H. Jellison, 2nd Lieutenant. 
Lieutenant French was succeeded as 1st Lieutenant 
by George W. Sargent on June 28, 1880. 

In 1883 the Armory was moved to Fleet Street 
and Co. F entertained Co. C, 1st Maine on February 
2 of that year. 

On January 18, 1884, the following officers were 
commissioned: Capt. B. H. Jellison, 1st Lieut. George 
W. Pettingill, 2nd Lieut. John A. Rich, who was suc- 
ceeded by Ira C. Titcomb on June 1, 1885, and later 
by George H. Page on June 20, 1887, and on January 
31, Charles P. Damon succeeded George W. Pettin- 
gill as 1st Lieutenant, Damon being followed by 
William C. Dow on May 13, 1890. Wilmot U. Mace 
became 2nd Lieutenant on Feb. 10, 1891. 

March 14, 1893, Captain William C. Dow and 1st 
Lieutenant Wilmon U. Mace were commissioned, fol- 
lowed by 2nd Lieutenant Thomas F. Crowley on May 
9. On June 28, 1895, William C. Dow was commis- 


sioned a Major in the 8th Regt. M. V. M., and on 
Dec. 28, 1895, Wilmot U. Mace resigned as 1st Lieu- 
tenant and from this date until March 20, 1896, 
Lieut. Thomas F. Crowley was in command of Com- 
pany F, on which date William C. Dow became for 
the second time the Captain and David E. Jewell be- 
came 2nd Lieutenant. 

At the call to the colors for service in the Spanish 
War Company F became a unit in the 8th Massachu- 
setts United States Volunteers May 10, 1898, and on 
May 11, 1898, Captain W. C. Dow and 2nd Lieut. 
David E. Jewell were commissioned in the U. S. Ser- 
vice at Framingham, Mass., then went to Camp 
George H. Thomas at Chicamouga, Tenn., arriving 
May 19, 1898; then to Camp Hamilton at Lexington, 
Kentucky, and from there to Camp Oilman at Amer- 
icus, Georgia, on Nov. 10, 1898. 

During the absence of Co. F for Spanish War 
Service a provisional company was formed and mus- 
tered into the State service on June 21, 1898, and 
was commanded by Lieut. Carlos E. Palmer, being 
disbanded on April 15, 1899, at the Armory on Emer- 
son Street, when Company F returned, and was re- 
organized under Capt. W. C. Dow, with Lieut. David 
E. Jewell and David F. Whittier. Capt. William C. 
Dow was commissioned for the second time in the U. 
S. Volunteers and gave up his life while in the Phil- 
ippine service. 

On Nov. 16, 1899, the following officers were 
elected: Capt. David E. Jewell, 1st Lieut. David F. 
Whittier; and on Nov. 18, 1899, 2nd Lieut. John R. 
Sanborn, who was succeeded on Nov. 21, 1900, by 
Charles F. Glover, and he by Harry B. Campbell on 
Feb. 26, 1901. Capt. D. E. Jewell resigning, the fol- 
lowing officers were elected: Capt. David F. Whit- 
tier, 1st Lieut. Harry B. Campbell on Jan. 20, 1903, 
and George M. G. Nichols as 2nd Lieut. April 15, 

June 7, 1904, Harry B. Campbell was commis- 
sioned Captain, George M. G. Nichols, 1st Lieuten- 
ant, and Ralph D. Hood, 2nd Lieutenant; and in 
1905 the present State Armory was built on Kenoza 

May 25, 1909, 1st Lieut. Ralph D. Hood and 2nd 
Lieut. Fred H. Whittier were commissioned. 

Jan. 5, 1912, Co. F saw service for 21 days in the 
Lawrence strike, and on Sept. 17, 1912, Charles H. 
Morse was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant. 

Upon the election and commission of Major 
Harry B. Campbell as a field officer of the 8th In- 

fantry, M. V. M., the following officers were commis- 
sioned on June 30, 1914, to fill the vacancies: Cap- 
tain Ralph D. Hood, 1st Lieut. Charles H. Morse, and 
2nd Lieut. John D. Hardy, the election being held 
while the Company was on duty at the Salem Fire 
for a period of eleven days. Following the retire- 
ment of Captain Ralph D. Hood, Charles H. Morse 
was elected Captain on March 7, 1916, and on April , 
3 was ordered out for riot duty for a few hours. 

On June 20, 1916, Co. F was ordered out for ser- 
vice on the Mexican Border, and during their ab- 
sence on August 2, 1916, John D. Hardy was commis- 
sioned 1st Lieutenant and on Sept. 23, 1916, George 
A. Colleton became 2nd Lieutenant, and after five 
months' service on the border the Company again 
returned to Haverhill on Nov. 11, 1916, and were re- 
ceived with honors. 

After the transfer of Captain Charles H. Morse 
to the Field Artillery, an election was held on May 
1, 1917, and the following officers commissioned: 
Capt. John D. Hardy, 1st Lieut. George A. Colleton, 
2nd Lieut. John B. Peaslee. 

The development of the German situation as a 
war in which the United States was about to engage, 
brought out a new arm of the Service in Haverhill, 
and that is the 2nd Battery Regt., Massachusetts 
Field Artillery, its predecessor having been organ- 
ized here Sept. 5, 1774. 

Battery A, 2nd Regt. Massachusetts Field Artil- 
lery, was mustered into the service on August 5, 
1917, with Captain Charles H. Morse, Senior First 
Lieutenant, William Henry Root; Junior First 
Lieutenant, Benjamin P. Harwood; Senior Second 
Lieutenant, George W. Langdon and Junior Second 
Lieutenant Percy L. Wendell. A Home Guard, with 
Capt. Charles F. Glover, was organized in May, 

From the earliest days to the present time Ha- 
verhill has always given her best men for military 
service, and wherever her soldiers have been called 
they have performed their duty honorably and not- 
ably and in so doing have been an honor to their 
Country, their Flag, and the spirit of the Constitu- 
tion. May future generations never falter in the 
work of continuing those ideals for which these sol- 
diers of the past have given their service and per- 
haps their lives, and may God grant that Haver- 
hill's sons shall never raise the standard of war ex- 
cept it be for the purpose of preserving her honor, 
her homes, a friend or our National ideals! 



By Edmund C. Wentvvortb, President C. H. Hayes Corp. 

ON the main line of the Boston and Maine Port- 
land division, Haverhill is directly served by 
this great New England railroad with its net 
work of connections to all other roads of the coun- 
try. There is a good line-up of service to all im- 
portant jobbing and mercantile centres which facili- 
tates delivery of Haverhill products. Sixty passen- 
ger trains a day arrive and depart from the Haver- 
hill depot, including through expresses to New York 
City. Boston, the heart of New England, 33 miles 
distant, is reached in 50 minutes. 

The Bay State Street Railway Company, which 
operates the largest single trolley corporation in the 
world, controls most of the urban trackage in Ha- 
verhill. This city is also served by the Massachu- 
setts Northeastern Street Railway Company, a pro- 
gressive company with headquarters in Haverhill. 
These have a combined trackage in Haverhill of 44 
miles. Direct trolley connection is effected with 
Lawrence, Lowell, Newbury port, Amesbury, Salem, 
Lynn, Boston, Nashua, N. H., Manchester, N. H., 
Seabrook, N. H., Salisbury and Hampton Beaches as 
well as all the surrounding suburban towns. 

The Bay State corporation took over the holdings 
of the old Haverhill and Groveland Street Railway 
Company, which was the original horse car line, re- 
ceiving its first franchise May 10, 1877 and being 
permitted to use electricity as a motive power June 
13, 1892. The Lowell, Lawrence and Haverhill noti- 
fied the mayor and aldermen of Haverhill on May 
20, 1893 that it had purchased the Haverhill and 
Groveland Company. The Haverhill, Georgetowoi 
and Danvers, operating from Haverhill through 
South Groveland and Georgetown to Rowley and Ips- 
wich and also to Newburyport via Byfield began 
construction in 1895. All of these lines were later 
merged into the one corporation now known as the 
Bay State. 

The Haverhill and Amesbury Street Railway 
Company received its first franchise June 13, 1892, 
entering Haverhill from Merrimac via Kenoza Ave- 
nue. The Haverhill and Southern New Hampshire 
Street Railway Company obtained first grant March 
1, 1900, and the Haverhill and Plaistow Street Rail- 
way Company, August 29, 1901. All of these are 
now part of the Massachusetts Northeastern system. 

The Boston & Maine Railroad opened for busi- 
ness to Bradford on October 26th, 1838 and came to 
Haverhill in 1839 when the original bridge was 
built. This was a small structure with single tracks 
and the entire upper part was of wood. The present 

railroad bridge was erected in 1881 and is of steel 
with two tracks, and just outside a foot walk for 
pedestrians. Grade crossings were abolished in Ha- 
verhill in 1905 and 1906 and at that time the Haver- 
hill Depot was remodeled. 

The main freight yard on upper Hale Street and 
in Bradford accommodates 650 cars; there is freight 
house space for the setting of fifty cars; private sid- 
ings accommodate 380 cars and there are six passen- 
ger stations within the confines of Haverhill. 

By means of the through car service, most of 
which was arranged through the Chamber of Com- 
merce, Haverhill is brought into more direct con- 
nection with the great jobbing centers. Chicago is 
reached the fourth morning and there is a forty- 
eight hour service in effect between Haverhill and 
New York in both directions via the Fall River Line. 
Any improved line-ups of service are closely fol- 
lowed by the Chamber which sees to it that Haver- 
hill is kept in close relationship with the large cen- 

In the passenger end several changes were made 
in schedules and two new trains have been added in 
the last few years through the instrumentality of 
the Chamber. The Boston & Maine officials have al- 
ways been glad to co-operate in every way possible. 
The passenger service is particularly good in the 
morning and night hours when the great bulk of 
local passengers are being moved. The dining cars 
on the limited trains enable passengers from New 
York to eat breakfast en route and step from the 
car in Haverhill ready for business. 

Most of the increases in service on the Bay State 
Street Railway Company during the past have been 
granted at the request of the Chamber. These in- 
clude the seven and one-half minute headway on the 
Main Street line, the extra twenty-minute car to 
Bradford and several minor additions. This trolley 
company which operates most of the local lines in 
Haverhill has about 150 cars in this division and 
during the rush hours every wheel is turning. The 
Massachusetts Northeastern cars have direct con- 
nections with all the beaches and with Canobie 
Lake Park, New England's greatest summer resort 
in Salem, New Hampshire, nine miles away. 

While cold figures are sometimes uninteresting 
the growth of Haverhill in the last few years is re- 
flected in the statistics of the Boston & Maine. In 
1906, 28,000 freight cars were required to handle the 
business and in 1916 82,546 cars were needed. This 
business grew to such an extent that a few years 


ago the Chamber urged the Boston & Maine to in- 
crease facilities, which was done by adding 300 feet 
to the freight house and last year additional yard 
space was secured. 

The freight receipts in the last ten years have 
been as follows: 

1906 $387,330.17 

1907 480,150.05 

1908 440,512.14 

1909 511,623.35 

1910 588,692.20 

1911 616,759.62 

1912 731,237.84 

1913 689,916.89 

1914 673,853.00 

1915 687,197.58 

1916 945,232.11 

Coal Received (Tons). 

Year Anthracite Bituminous Total 

1906 55,165 36,930 92,095 

1907 85,490 37,523 123,023 

1908 not available 

1909 62,948 19,200 82,148 

1910 70,943 28,105 99,048 

1911 85,732 41,605 127,337 

1912 107,209 66,262 173,471 

1913 45,520 27,271 72,791 

1914 51,542 29,826 81,372 

1915 39,172 39,146 78,318 

1916 61,449 60,755 122,204 




By Charles N. Kelly, Vice President Chamber of Commerce 

HAVERHILL may justly be proud of its fac- 
tories, — they are the foundation of its in- 
dustries and its prosperity. 

While the city is not wholly devoted to the shoe 
industry, this predominates, the manufacture of 
shoes being one of the very large industries here. 
Chase's History of Haverhill says that Phineas 
Webster was the first to manufacture for the whole- 
sale trade, about the year 1815. 

Mention is made of one David Howe, who after 
the Revolution made shoes on Main Street and was 
one of the promoters and builders of the Bannister 
Block, corner of Bridge and Merrimack Stret, oc- 
cupying two stores for his shoe business and send- 
ing his products to Danvers by team, where they 
were traded for leather. 

The methods of manufacturing shoes at that 
time were very primitive, everything being done by 
hand labor, the manufacturer using his factory in 
tovim principally as a storage for the raw materials 
and for trading and shipping the finished product. 
The farmers, for miles around, came to town and 
took home the material, making the shoes at their 
convenience. Of course, the cold weather months 
were the busy time for shoe making and the whole 
family would help at some part of the work, the 
women folk sewing the uppers, the men folk cutting 
out the soles by hand and finishing the product. 
The only part done by the manufacturer was to cut 
the upper stock. 

Many of our older people can remember the lit- 
tle country shops. No set of farm buildings in those 
days was complete without its little shoe shop ad- 
joining, and the ready money thus earned was a 
very important part of the income of the country 
people. These shops were really the first shoe fac- 

By 1832 shoe manufacturing had become an im- 
portant part of Haverhill's business. At that time 
there were twenty-eight manufacturers, sixteen of 
them keeping English and West Indian goods for 
sale and trade. 

In 1837, when the first railroad was opened to 
Boston, there were forty-two manufacturers and in 
1857 there were eighty-two. The southerly side of 
Merrimack Street had then become the centre of the 
shoe industry. 

While the manufacturers still continued to send 
their shoes to the country to be made, some of them 
began to make them in town, especially the better 
grades, and the practice of sending shoes to the 

country gradually dwindled until the Civil War, 
when that method was given up. The only shoe- 
making in the country shops after that was the 
turned slippers and some of that, in a limited way, 
is done today. 

The factories at this time were ordinary stores, 
three or four stories high, built in blocks of three 
or four stores in each block, with partitions between 
each store, running to the roof, and were dark and 
poorly ventilated. 

These old factories are today in the heart of the 
retail district of the city and have been remodelled 
and rebuilt so that the evidences of their former use 
have been obliterated. 

After 1860 machines for doing different parts 
of the work began to appear and methods of manu- 
facturing shoes changed. Contract shops came into 
vogue, many of the manufacturers letting out to 
contractors the stitching of uppers and to other 
contractors the making of the shoes. 

After the Civil War shoe business began to ex- 
pand and new factories were built on Washington 
Street and in the rear, but the old type of factory 
still continued. The big fire of 1882 completely 
levelled both sides of the street, but it was rebuilt 
on substantially the same lines as before. 

By 1890 new and modern methods began to ap- 
pear, machinery had been highly perfected and Ha- 
verhill was becoming one of the largest shoe cen- 
ters of the country. Our progressive manufacturers 
desired to expand and do business in a larger way, 
the contract shop was largely abandoned and the 
business concentrated under one roof. There are 
now several progressive shops doing various opera- 
tions, mostly stitching. 

This necessitated larger and more convenient 
factories. The first large mill constructed shoe fac- 
tory in Haverhill was built at this time on Hale 
Street and was the beginning of our modem fac- 

Our largest factory at this time is owned by the 
Haverhill Building Association, organized by the 
Board of Trade, (now Chamber of Commerce), and 
contains over 220,000 feet of floor space, and there 
are several others very nearly as large. 

About 1910 the re-inforced concrete type of 
building construction became perfected and since 
that time three of this type of factory (containing 
some 500,000 feet) have been added to Haverhill 

Our modern buildings are up to date, most of 


them being of brick or concrete construction, 
equipped with passenger and freight elevators, 
sprinklers, automatic alarm service to fire stations 
and electric lights, and the rates of insurance are 
very reasonable. Their central location, with refer- 
ernce to transportation of operatives on all trolley 
lines, is unsurpassed. 

The factories have developed as the shoe business 
itself has grown and as the demand came for con- 
centration and increased space under one roof, the 
giant factories of today were but the logical evolu- 
tion of the industry which for more than a century 
has occupied the attention of Haverhill and given 
employment to its people. Manufacturers of today 
like to do business in modern, well-lighted buildings 
where the insurance rate is low and where their em- 
ployees may have every advantage to get the work 
out under the best housing conditions. 

The Board of Trade, which is now the Chamber 
of Commerce, gave the real impetus for the modern 
factory building era for it established the Haver- 

hill Building Association. The financial success 
achieved with the Haverhill Building Association in- 
spired other groups of men to form associations for 
factory building purposes, encouraged new capital 
to invest, and blazed the way for the splendid types 
of homes which house the shoe manufacturing plants 
of today. 

Building of additional factories has not left the 
older factories vacant, for other firms have taken 
the places of those concerns which transferred to 
the new establishments. There is quite a constant 
demand for floor space, which is but another indica- 
tion of the healthy growth Haverhill enjoys. 

Besides a host of factories which operate for 
three and four stories over mercantile marts along 
Washington and similar streets, there are 35 build- 
ings of the modern type, containing approximately 
2,500,000 square feet of space with an estimated 
value of $3,000,000. So Haverhill may justly be 
proud of the enterprise of her business men who 
have achieved so much. 



Combining to a nicety, two essential elements in 
an effective municipal slogan, "Hitch Your Heart 
To Haverhill" has generally been adopted as the 
motto of the city. These two elements are allitera- 
tion and sentiment. The slogan was conceived by 
Daniel N. Casey, Secretary of the Haverhill Cham- 
ber of Commerce shortly after he assumed that posi- 
tion in 1912, and while several others were submitted 
it was felt that this was the strongest phrase which 
could be used. 

In the past Haverhill has been known as the 
"Slipper City of the World," but since this city has 

also produced a great number of boots the Chamber 
of Commerce has been using the phrase the "Great 
Boot and Shoe City." After the organization started 
the factory building in 1903 another strong sentence 
was employed, this being "When factories are va- 
cant fill them — when factories are needed build 
them." Because the great number of splendid brick 
and cement structures which house the industrial 
plants are among the finest to be found anywhere, 
the Chamber of Commerce has rightly proclaimed 
that Haverhill has the "World's Best Factories." 
The great output of footwear has also brought into 
somewhat common use "Shoes made in Haverhill 
Tread the Carpets of the Globe." 



By Louis E. Lawton, City Engineer 

THE City of Haverhill has maintained a Meteor- 
ological Station since October, 1899. The 
station was established primarily for the pur- 
pose of furnishing evidence in lawsuits against the 
city in which any of the elements of the weather 
might have a bearing. All original records are filed 
away, and all such tabulations as might prove useful 
for our purposes are made. A tabulation of maxi- 
mum rates of rainfall for periods of five, ten, fifteen, 
thirty and sixty minutes is made for each storm, 
which proves of great value from an engineering 
standpoint, and is constantly growing in value with 
the increasing length of records. 

Every effort has been made to so arrange the dif- 
ferent details that future changes may not be neces- 
sary, either in instruments or manner of observation 
and record. It has proven a great benefit to the city 
and a paying investment, not alone for the purpose 
for which it was established, but in many ways. 

The following data collected from the records ex- 
tending over a period of seventeen years, from 1900 
to 1916 inclusive, may be of general interest. 


Highest temperature recorded, 104 degrees on 
July 4, 1911. 

Lowest temperature recorded, 17 degrees below 
zero on February 12, 1914. 

There are several features of interest in regard 
to short periods of extreme high or low temperature. 

During the first twelve days of July, 1911, there 
occurred a remarkable period of extreme heat, break- 
ing all other records in severity and duration. For 
six of these days the maximum thermometer regis- 
tered 100 degrees or more. The highest reached was 
104 degrees on July 4. 

The months of January and February, 1914, were 
extremely cold. A cold wave coming on the night 
of January 12th and continuing through the 13th 
and 14th caused more discomfort than any cold wave 
for a great many years. There have been lower tem- 
peratures in other years, but seldom with wind of 
gale velocity, or without a substantial rise to above 
zero at midday. On the 13th of January, 1914, the 
highest temperature attained in the daylight hours 
was 6 degrees below zero at 2 p. m., while high west 
and northwest winds prevailed. The greatest ve- 
locity of the wind was at the beginning of the cold 
wave, 50 miles per hour, from the northwest, on the 
afternoon of the 12th. The minimum temperature 

was on the 13th and was 13 degrees below zero with 
a wind velocity of 45 miles per hour. 

In February, 1914, there was another period of 
even lower temperature. The lowest reached was 
17 degrees below zero during the night of the 12th. 
There was at this time a wind velocity of 30 miles 
per hour. 


(Including rain, hail, sleet and melted snow) 

The average yearly precipitation has been 38.1 

The greatest precipitation for any one year was 
48.13 inches, in 1900. 

The greatest for any one month was 10.98 inches, 
in July, 1915. 

The least precipitation for any one year was 28.87 
inches, in 1914. 

The least for any one month was 0.01 inch in 
March, 1915. This small amount of precipitation for 
one month is noteworthy. At Boston, in authentic 
records extending back to 1818, the least amount for 
any one month was 0.20 inch in April, 1844, until 
the month of March, 1915. 

The precipitation for each year from 1900 to 1907, 
inclusive, was above the average, while for the years 
from 1908 to 1915, inclusive, it was below the aver- 

The maximum short period rainfall occurred dur- 
ing the storm of August 21, 1914, when 3.6 inches of 
rain fell during a period of 10 minutes. 

The average yearly snow fall has been 50.9 inches. 
The greatest snowfall for any one year was 100 
inches, in 1916. In March, 1916, occurred the largest 
snowfall of record for any one month. Snowstorm 
succeeded snowstorm with a remarkable regularity 
and frequency. 47 inches fell during this month. 

The least snowfall for any one year was 19.8 
inches, in 1913. 

The average yearly number of clear days has 
been 152. The greatest number of clear days for 
any one year was 232, in 1912. 

The least number of clear days for any one year 
was 104, in 1914. 

The greatest wind velocity recorded was 85 miles 
per hour on December 27, 1915. 

Haverhill City Base. 

Haverhill City Base (Elevation 0), to which all 
levels in the office of the City Engineer are referred, 
was established in 1877, and was at that time sup- 


posed to be the level of extreme low water in the 
Merrimack River at Haverhill Bridge. 

Extreme Freshet Level. 

Observations by the City Engineer during the 
freshet of 1887 showed an extreme height of water 
in the Merrimack River of 22 feet over the City 
Base. This was then known to be the highest water 
for many years, and has since been used as the ex- 
treme. This elevation (22 feet over the City Base) 
is about the level of the top of the pavement in 
Washington Square, also the top of the dam at the 
Pentucket Mills. 

Various Elevations Above City Base : 

Ayer's Hill (the highest point in Haverhill,) 340 ft. 

Broadway at Ayer's Village, 200 ft. 

Lakeview Avenue 200 ft. 

Powder House Hill 253 ft. 

Silver Hill 278 ft. 

Winnekenni Castle, 296 ft. 

Water level. Gale's Hill Reservoir, 298 ft. 

Saltonstall Lake, water level, 121 ft. 

Kenoza Lake, water level 110 ft. 

Dead Hill Reservoir, water level 281 ft. 

Miscellaneous Data: 

Extreme length of city, 9 miles 

Extreme width of city, 5% miles 

Areas by wards: — 
Ward 1 73.6 acres or .11 sq. miles 

Ward 2 94.4 acres or .14 sq. miles 

Ward 3 110.3 acres or .17 sq. miles 

Ward 4 6,985.1 acres or 10.91 sq. miles 

Ward 5 7,395.5 acres or 11.55 sq. miles 

Ward 6 2,154.5 acres or 3.36 sq. miles 

Ward 7 5,192.1 acres or 3.11 sq. miles 

Total area of City, 21,985.5 acres or 34.35 sq. miles 

Haverhill has: — 
140 miles of public streets. 
75 miles of private streets. 
60 miles of public sewers. 
116 miles of main water pipe. 
91 miles of main gas pipe. 
35 miles of Street Railway track. 

k1';siijI':ncb of mr.s. charles k. \-i>x. aki.ington square 



By Clarence H. Dempsey, Superintendent of Schools 

THE public school system includes one high 
school, a central ninth grade, twenty-two 
graded elementary buildings and eight rural 
schools. The value of the school buildings has in- 
creased in ten years from $591,000 to over $1,000,- 
000. In the last three years a building program has 
been adopted that provides for the construction, as 
may be needed, of district grammar buildings capa- 
ble of economical enlargement. In pursuance of this 
policy, existing buildings will from time to time be 

of scholars. Those intending to go to college or 
technical schools may elect the college preparatory 
course, those expecting to prepare for business, the 
commercial course, and those wishing to obtain the 
best general training, the general course. All schol- 
ars take advanced manual arts work similar to that 
of the lower grades. 

The high school is housed in a beautiful and com- 
modious building, equipped with the very best of 
modem furnishings and devices. There are large. 


converted into primary schools, sending their upper 
grades to the highly organized grammar school cen- 

In congested parts of the city kindergarten 
classes are maintained. Admission to the first 
grade is permissible to children five and one-half 
years of age. 

The course of study pursued in the elementary 
schools is thoroughly up to date, having been recent- 
ly revised. In addition to the conventional book 
work, instruction is given to upper grade pupils in 
manual arts — wood-working for boys, and sewing 
and cooking for girls. These courses have been or- 
ganized for years and excellent training is furnished 
by skilful teachers. 

The ninth grade work is arranged in three 
courses to meet most effectively the varying needs 

well lighted class rooms of the regular type for reci- 
tation work, splendid laboratories for work in phys- 
ics, chemistry, botany, geology and other sciences. 
Freehand and mechanical drawing classes are pro- 
vided with the best of surroundings and equipment. 
A well-organized and efficient commercial depart- 
ment furnishes training of a high order for busi- 
ness positions, and in connection therewith an em- 
ployment agency assists students to secure desir- 
able situations. 

Students are grouped into sections according to 
their courses — college, scientific, normal, commer- 
cial and general — so that work may be adapted to 
particular needs. Students going to higher institu- 
tions have found their preparation excellent, and 
have been able to maintain high standing on that 














The high school has a fine auditorium capable of 
seating nearly one thousand people. It is widely 
used for public gatherings as well as for school as- 
semblies. The gymnasium is surpassed in size and 
equipment by but few school or college gymnasiums 
in New England. It is in constant use by both boys 
and girls for physical training and school athletics, 
and is frequently in commission for social events. 
The high school, erected by an unpaid commission, 
cost $400,000. 

One of the finest athletic fields in the country has 
been provided for the schools by the generosity of 
interested citizens. Football, baseball, track events, 
school meets and all sorts of outdoor gatherings 
can be splendidly cared for on this field, and specta- 
tors can enjoy events in comfort. The grandstand 
will accommodate about five thousand people, and 
beneath it are locker rooms for the care of both 
home and visiting teams. Four and one-half acres 
are enclosed with an eight foot cement fence, and 
there are six more acres capable of development. 

The health of school children is well safeguard- 
ed by the supervision of four school physicians, a 
school nurse and a school dentist. In addition, the 
Board of Health keeps careful watch of contagious 
diseases, and quarantines or excludes all children 
who might endanger the health of other school chil- 

Excellent school lunches of th'e usual kind are 
furnished daily in the high and central ninth grade 
buildings, and penny lunches are furnished in many 
other buildiings where the need seems to warrant it. 
Ventilation, temperature, general morals and other 
things that aflfect the welfare of children are care- 
fully regulated by principals and teachers. 

In addition to the regular day schools, evening 
classes are held during the fall and winter months 
for the instruction of foreigners in English and ele- 

mentary subjects, for adults who wish to extend 
their common school education, for young men de- 
siring work in mechanical drawing, and for com- 
mercial students. Many people have availed them- 
selves of these opportunities to their great advan- 

The administration of the schools is directed to- 
ward the highest welfare of the children of the 
city. A splendid training is possible through them 
for either higher education or for the occupations 
of life. The city appropriates generously for the 
support of the schools, and is endeavoring to not 
only keep them upon a high plane of efficiency, but 
to raise them to even higher standards. 

Parochial Schools. 

The St. James Church, one of the largest in the 
Boston Archdiocese, has connected with it the St. 
Gregory's Primary and Grammar school and St. 
James High School. The St. Joseph's Church has 
two parochial schools, one for boys and one for girls. 
All are housed in comparatively modem brick struc- 
tures, in convenient locations, and the standard of 
education is very high. There are 936 pupils in the 
St. James' and St. Gregory's school, vidth twenty-sev- 
en teachers, and 778 pupils, with seventeen teachers 
in the schools connected with St. Joseph's parish. A 
strong curriculum is maintained and the schools rank 
as among the best in the state. 

The assessed value of the school property con- 
nected with St. James' Church, including all the 
schools, convent and St. Patrick's Hall is over $200,- 
000. The assessed value of the schools connected 
with St. Joseph's Parish is approximately $60,000. 
All the rooms and equipment are in good condition, 
and all are substantial structures built for the busi- 
ness of education. 


ESTABLISHED institutions, recognized as pre- 
senting clean, readable news, Haverhill's 
newspapers stand among the leaders in Bay 
State journalism. A newspaper since 1798, the Ha- 
verhill Gazette today housed In its splendid fire- 
proof plant, combining every element known to me- 
chanical science, has achieved a reputation for in- 
tegrity and progression that has helped make it the 
popular paper that it is. The Haverhill Record, a 
live Sunday newspaper, was established in 1902 by 
Lewis R. Hovey, its present publisher. 

A leader in moulding public opinion since the 
early days of the town, the Gazette has been an ad- 
vocate of all the things that mean a better Haverhill 
and has ever taken a constructive view-point. The 
late John B. Wright a generation ago in the face of 
strong opposition built the Gazette along the virile 

lines it today follows and laid the foundation for its 
wonderful growth. Editorially it is energetic, pro- 
gressive and constructive. 

The Gazette's mechanical equipment includes the 
latest machines for setting types of all sizes, even 
to the large display and streamers, heads and adver- 
tising. A bank of eight linotypes, supplemented by 
smaller machines, a great stereotyping room with its 
facilities for quick casting and a press room with a 
Hoe press capable of turning out 48,000 16-page pa- 
pers an hour are only some of its facilities. 

The Sunday Record, which occupies the entire 
ground floor of the Merrimack Associates Building 
on Locust Street, uses a smaller but just as up-to- 
date plant. In connection is a complete printing 












GOOD fellowship among all races, between both 
sexes and among all classes of people in Ha- 
verhill is evidenced by the number and 
strength of the lodges and clubs which flourish with- 
in the city. Organized activity has been successful 
and companionship thus engendered has reflected the 
citizenship of the community. All of the great na- 
tional lodges are represented in Haverhill with good 

There are ten lodges of Odd Fellows, six of Ma- 
sons and sixty-four other lodges in Haverhill, making 
a total of eighty-three in all. Haverhill has a Ma- 
sonic Temple, a Moose Home and an Elks Home, 
while the Hibernians and Odd Fellows ov^rn their 
own buildings. The Knights of Columbus have re- 
cently incorporated a building committee for the 
purpose of securing a home. 

Haverhill has several clubs, prominent among 
which is the Pentucket Club. The front part of the 
present Pentucket Club was originally the mansion 
of James H. Duncan, one of Haverhill's first aristo- 
cratic citizens, a graduate of Harvard in 1808, who 
represented us in Congress in 1849. The Agawam 

Club vsdth a membership of 350, has rooms on Mer- 
rimack Street, while the Wachusett Club is another 
prominent social body. The Island Golf Club has a 
splendid course and recently remodelled the building 
situated on Porter's Island in the Merrimack River 
just below the center of the city. 

The Young Men's Christian Association has a 
well equipped building with a fine gymnasium and 
several dormitories on Main Street. Located just 
above the High School the Young Men's Christian 
Association is in an imposing location. The Young 
Women's Christian Association has a home and 
gymnasium on Winter Street. 

The splendid new home for the Boys' Club on 
Emerson Street was completed this summer at a 
cost of about $45,000. 

Among the women there are a number of very 
well organized clubs which not only accentuate the 
fraternal feeling, but also have made Haverhill bet- 
ter known and better liked because these women in 
every effort for the common good have unselfishly 
put their shoulders to the wheel and helped bring 
success to many a worthy cause. 













By George T. Lennon, Agent Board of Health 

FEW municipalities in the United States have 
been as progressive as Haverhill in looking 
after and providing for health and sanitation, 
and as proof of this, it is only necessary to cite the 
fact that in the past 37 years the increase in lon- 
gevity has been 44 per cent. 

The marked increase in longevity for a period of 
37 years clearly demonstrates the healthfulness of 
Haverhill and its people, while this is further em- 
phasized by the small death rate from typhoid fev- 
er of .04 per 1000 of population for the year 1916. 

The mortality from typhoid fever is the best 
index of the healthful and sanitary conditions of a 
municipality, and that Haverhill has even been 
ahead of other cities in the country, is apparent 
from the notable decrease in the death rate from 
that disease. 

It was in 1880 that the Board of Health was 
created and at that time the average of decedents 
was 30 years, 10 months. The mortality records 
for 1916 give the average age of decedents 44 years 
and 6 months with a death rate of 14.39 per 1000 of 

The Health Department has kept abreast of the 
times in preventive medicine and its members and 
officials feel pleased that their endeavors have been 
beneficial and that the people of Hustling Haverhill 
have become healthier. 

"The Place by the Winding River," as Haverhill 
was known by the Indians, possesses unusual natural 
advantages and its territory of 9 miles along the 
Merrimack river, with an average width of 5% miles, 
is drained by 56 miles of sewers. 

There are 140 miles of public highways, 32 of 
which are in the compact part of the city and wa- 
tered, while 110 miles of pipes furnish water service 
to the 5.5,000 people who make their homes here. 
The public parks, the breathing places for the many, 
cover 259 acres and the public playgrounds furnish 
18 acres for the children. 

The hospital facilities of Haverhill are much 
more adequate in comparison with other cities, with 
two general hospitals, the Hale and the Gen. Stephen 
Henry Gale, a Contagious Disease hospital, a Tuber- 
culosis hospital and a City Infirmary as well as a 
Tuberculosis Dispensary. 

The Board of Health consists of three members, 
Dr. John F. Croston, Dr. A. M. Hubbell and Edward 
A. Fitts. Dr. Croston has been a member of the Board 
since 1883, and besides having served as Chairman 

for many years, he has always evinced a deep and 
active interest in health matters. 

There are 15 employes of the Health Department, 
all of whom are daily engaged in numerous activities, 
the work of the Department having with the growth 
of Haverhill in recent years, perceptibly increased, 
and the Board of Health having been as progressive 
as those of other municipalities in caring for the 
health of the residents of the city. 

George T. Lennon is the agent and clerk of the 
Board, he having succeeded the late Chester A. Bry- 
ant, who had served in that capacity for 31 years. 
The Agent, besides being the executive officer of the 
Health Department, also looks after the contagious 
disease cases as well as the many complaints that 
are entered yearly. 

The Inspector of Plumbing Dennis X. Coakley, 
has been employed by the Health Department since 
1893, and for many years he and Mr. Bryant had 
charge of all the activities, each sharing in the work 
that was done until the Health Department was re- 
cognized as one of the important branches of munici- 
pal and civic life. 

Haverhill was one of the first cities in the state 
to employ a bacteriologist. Dr. Homer L. Conner 
having served in that capacity since 1906. In that 
year the Board of Health, two months after the law 
had been passed, also employed two school physi- 
cians, this number having been increased to four in 

The school physicians now employed by the De- 
partment are Dr. J. J. Fitzgerald, who has served 
continuously since 1906; Dr. F. H. Coffin, Dr. E. P. 
Laskey and Dr. T. N. Stone. The city is divided into 
four districts and the School Physicians devote many 
hours in looking after the welfare of the 7000 pupils 
enrolled in the public schools. 

It was in 1911 that the Board of Health first en- 
gaged a visiting nurse. Miss Anna A. Sheehan being 
elected to that position, and for four years she was 
employed in various capacities. The Board now has 
two other nurses, Mrs. Alice M. Rogers having 
served since 1915, and Miss Blanche B. Pulsifer since 

The establishment of a Tuberculosis Hospital in 
1913 and a Contagious Disease Hospital in 1914 were 
the result of the activity of the Board of Health 
members, who pointed out their need and those two 
institutions have demonstrated that the Board of 
Health was justified in urging their establishment. 











That the Health Department has been in the fore- 
front in inaugurating progressive health measures 
was again exemplified two years ago when the Tu- 
berculosis Dispensary was established, Haverhill be- 
ing one of the first cities in the state to open a dis- 
pensary for the care and treatment of those suffer- 
ing with tuberculosis. 

Dr. I. J. Clarke is the medical director of the 
Tuberculosis Dispensary, and he has a staff of 12 
volunteer physicians who each serve for two months 
yearly. Miss Anna A. Sheehan is the Visiting Nurse 
in charge of the Dispensary, and as a field and so- 
cial service worker, she is daily in touch with the 
relatives and friends of those ailing with the disease. 

Mrs. Alice M. Rogers has charge of Infant Wel- 
fare and Hygiene, and Miss Blanche B. Pulsifer is 
the School Nurse. The three visiting nurses have 
proved invaluable in their instructive work, which 
takes them among all classes of people. 

Dr. Homer L. Conner has since 1910 served as 
bacteriologist and inspector of milk, and he has as 
inspector of dairies. Dr. Charlmange Bricault. The 
milk supply which averages about 5000 gallons daily, 
is obtained within a radius of 15 miles of the city, 
and as the producers and dealers have always co- 
operated with the Health Department, the milk sup- 
ply ranks among the best in the state. 

Miss Eileen E. Keefe is the clerical assistant of 
the Health Department and as she is familiar with 
its various activities, she has proved a competent 
and valuable employe, since she became connected 
with the department in 1914. 

Dr. H. W. Watson has served for several years 
past as Inspector of Meats and Provisions, and in 
this capacity while he is only a half time official, he 
has supervision over all places where food and food 
products are handled as well as scoring the places 

The Board of health inaugurated a dental clinic 
for school children a year ago. Dr. Isidore P. Mor- 
ris is the School Dentist and in his work he. has 
been ably assisted by the School Nurse, their work 
for the first year having been confined principally 
to the lower grades. 


Haverhill has four well equipped hospitals. The 
Hale Hospital, erected largely through the generos- 
ity of the late E. J. M. Hale, has a wonderful situa- 
tion on Buttonwoods Avenue overlooking the Mer- 
rimack River. The Hale Hospital includes separate 
wards for men and women, a maternity ward added 
by J. Otis Wardwell, and several private rooms and 
has accommodations in all for forty-five patients. 
In 1916 the Gen. Stephen Henry Gale Hospital was 
opened. Part of this building was originally the 
Children's Home and was purchased by Gen. Stephen 
Henry Gale and was presented to the city. The 
building was entirely remodelled and contains ac- 
commodations for about fifty patients. The Con- 
tagious Hospital, built by the city, is just above the 
Hale Hospital, has separate wards for all kinds of 
contagious diseases and accommodates about thirty- 
five patients. All three of these hospitals are of 

Haverhill's Tuberculosis Hospital is acknowl- 
edged by experts to have a superb and unexcelled 
location. Originally the building was owned by the 
White Estate and it is at the crest of the bill facing 
Buttonwoods Avenue on one of the high points in 
the city swept by the breeze from all four winds, 
free from dust and noise and where the purest of air 
is always evident. The Tuberculosis Hospital ac- 
commodates about thirty patients. 


By Charles A. Richmond, Manager. 

The Haverhill Credit Bureau was established in 
March, 1911. The Retail Trade Committee of the 
Chamber of Commerce entered into an agreement 
with Charles A. Richmond whereby he contracts to 
furnish a clearing house of credit information. 

Since the date of organization, the bureau has 
had 396 subscribers, all of whom have co-operated in 
furnishing credit information from ledger experi- 
ence, and to this has been compiled a record of real 
estate transfers, mortgages, attachments, foreclos- 
ures, bankruptcy and poor debtor court proceedings, 
police and criminal court records, divorces, mar- 
riages, deaths, corporation formations and returns, 
partnerships and dissolutions, taxes, real and per- 
sonal, and all other available information as to char- 

acter and habits. This makes as complete a record 
as it is possible to obtain and gives a clear guidance 
to the subscriber as to his dealings with the pros- 
pective customer. The Bureau also keeps record of 
persons who move from place to place within the 
city and likewise secures information of strangers 
who move into the city. 

At the present time, the Bureau has over 180,000 
cards on which are more than 1,000,000 ratings, so 
that there is hardly a person in town or who has re- 
sided here since January, 1911, whose record as to 
bill paying ability is not instantly available to any 
subscriber. Charges to members of the Bureau are 
generally based upon the number of calls made 
within the year. 

That the methods of the Haverhill Credit Bureau 
are modern and successful is proven by the fact that 
similar forms have been adopted in other cities in- 
stituting like reporting agencies. 


CHARLES H. DOLE, 1st Vice-Pres. CHARLES N. IvELLY, 2nd. Vice-Pres. (Pres. 191S) 

CHARLES C. CHASE, President 1917 
GEORGE A. CHILDS, Treasurer DANIEL N. CASEY, Secretary 



By Daniel N. Casey, Secretary 

IN May, 1901, the Haverhill Board of Trade was 
reorganized with something less than one hund- 
red members. Today the Haverhill Chamber of 
Commerce, with a proud record of constructive 
achievements to its credit, has over nine hundred 
members on its roll. Unselfish, public spirited serv- 
ice by men of the community has materially con- 
tributed to the success of the organization, whose 
chief endeavor is a greater and bigger city. Every 
year the number of continuing projects has grown, 
every year the membership has increased. Aug- 
mented power and influence have thus been lent to 
the Chamber and today it stands forth as one. of the 
largest and best known in the entire United States. 

A resume of the men who have guided the des- 
tinies of the Board of Trade, whose name was 
changed to Chamber of Commerce in 1916, would 
be a re-naming of the men who have fostered and 
encouraged the developments within the city which 
have meant a mightier force to those things which 
have built Haverhill. The Chamber was built on a 
permanent basis and its leaders have been careful 
to take up only those factors of civic endeavor which 
could be best followed to a logical conclusion. En- 
thusiasm has always been tempered with good judg- 
ment, energy with foresight. 

It is impossible to give an adequate review of the 
successful accomplishments of the Chamber of Com- 
merce for the past sixteen years and only some of 
the most outstanding facts can be mentioned. 

It was the Chamber of Commerce back in 1902 
which started the factory building project and under 
the corporate name of the Haverhill Building As- 
sociation the three Walnut Street factories were 
erected. The result of this investment proved the 
sound business policy in the erection of such build- 
ings so that both local and outside capital have 
easily been attracted and at least one modern fac- 
tory, of brick and cement, has been erected each 
year since that time. Haverhill toway possesses the 
world's best factories. 

On the first night of January, 1913, Haverhill's 
new street lighting system along her main arteries 
was flashed into existence. The turning of a switch 
culminated more than a year of effort in the raising 
of a ten thousand dollar fund to make this possible, 
and in the last few weeks committees worked heroi- 
cally to bring about this much needed improvement. 

The Chamber has always worked for the develop- 
ment of the Merrimack River, has appeared before 
Congressional committees, army engineers, state 
legislators and other bodies; collected statistics, tab- 
ulated facts, and disseminated information which it 
is hoped will aid in securing a depth of eighteen feet 
from the mouth of the River to Lowell. 

Several of the large and successful manufactur- 
ing plants in Haverhill today have come as a result 
of inducements off"ered through the Chamber and a 
list of available floor space is always kept at the 
headquarters while the officers are in touch with 
any new concerns which might come to Haverhill. 

Frequent conferences are held with railroad and 
street railway officials and through the intercession 
of the Chamber additional train service has been se- 
cured in the past few years, while practically all of 
the extra car service operated at regular intervals 
on the Bay State has come as a result of the Cham- 
ber's agitation. The Chamber has lined up direct 
through car service to many important jobbing cen- 
ters, traces complaints in both freight and passen- 
ger service and through its activity a substantial 
addition was made to the freight house some few 
years ago. In opposing the six cent fare sought by 
the Bay State the Chamber of Commerce presented 
the best local case put in before the Public Service 

June 1st, 1917, a traffic bureau was established, 
with R. C. Johnson, an experienced railroad man, 
as manager. 

The Chamber has an advertising agreement 
whereby valueless program advertising has been 
diminished and solicitors for all kinds of propositions 
have been discouraged. At most conservative esti- 
mates this has saved a great deal more than mem- 
bers have paid in regular assessments. 

In 1909 the Chamber made such a strenuous fight 
against the establishment of a central alarm station 
connected with the factories having sprinkler pro- 
tection that the proposition was defeated. At that 
time the Haverhill Board of Trade Associates, Inc., 
was organized and in 1916 this Haverhill company, 
formed within the Chamber, took over all the lines 
and is now operating this system on a co-operative 
basis. If this had not been done the old company 
planned to raise the rates 125 per cent. 

The Chamber places high school boys and girls 







in spare time employment, sent six high school boys 
to the Plattsburg Military Training Camp last sum- 
mer, answers inquiries from every part of the Globe, 
co-operated in arrangements for a reception to Com- 
pany F on its return from Mexican border duty, se- 
cures partners with capital for going concerns, thus 
keeping good business in Haverhill, and on May 
11th, 1916, conducted the greatest meeting that Ha- 
verhill ever knew. This was the fifteenth annual 
banquet held in the State Armory with 1021 receiv- 
ers connected with San Francisco. The Chamber 
has gained publicity for Haverhill in the daily press, 
national magazines, trade journals, histories and en- 
cyclopaedias. It has lent its efforts for better postal 
service and opposes any legislation that might be 
prejudicial to Haverhill's industries. 

The Chamber of Commerce and Rotary Club are 
co-operating in plans to build a modern hotel in Ha- 
verhill, the Chamber has endorsed a Chautauqua 
week for this city, recently completed the installation 
of a traffic bureau, and has actively promoted, in 
connection with the Essex County Associated Boards 
of Trade, better roads and a county agricultural 

The Chamber has been able to bring to its offi- 
cial positions and to its board of directors and its 
committees men who have had foremost the interest 
of Haverhill at heart, and who have piloted the ship 
with a greater Haverhill as their only beacon light. 
The personnel of the Chamber has been loyal and 
supporting and it is largely due to these reasons that 
the growth in membership has been healthy, substan- 
tial and conservative, and that the Chamber has a 
proud record and an influence which makes it at once 
well known and highly regarded. 


The sprinkler and automatic fire alarm system 
in seventy-seven Haverhill buildings including prac- 
tically the entire industrial area, are controlled by a 
local association organized for service and not for 
profit. This local association, the Haverhill Board 
of Trade Associates, was formed in the Board of 
Trade in 1911 and provides service at cost. A ser- 
vice which means low insurance rates at a minimum 
of expense. 

The officers of the association employ a superin- 
tendent and assistant who keep the system in per- 
fect working condition, and since December, 1916, 
when the local company assumed charge, not a fire 
has started in any one of the local buildings but 
what it has been apprehended by this silent watch- 
man. The liability of a conflagration and the haz- 
ard attendant is greatly reduced. At the first sem- 
blance of a fire the water heads open automatically 
and the alarm simultaneously sounds at the Central 
Fire Station summoning the protective and chemical 
companies to immediate action. 

Charles N. Kelly is president of the Haverhill 
Board of Trade Associates, George E. Kimball is 
treasurer, Daniel N. Casey is secretary, and George 
McLean is the superintendent. The directors are 
Charles N. Kelly, George E. Kimball and Charles C. 
Chase. The company is conducted along a splendid 
line of non-profit co-operative basis and is headed 
by business men. 


In 1889 the Haverhill Board of Trade, which 
might be called the grandfather of the Chamber of 
Commerce of today, issued a very complete book on 
Haverhill as an industrial and commercial center, 
this book containing some 260 pages and its story 
of the organization of the old Board may be inter- 
esting here. The article set forth that: 

"Pursuant to a call for a meeting of business 
men and citizens of Haverhill to consider the pro- 
priety of the formation of a Board of Trade, about 
fifty gentlemen met in the office of George A. Hall, 
Esq., Academy of Music, March 30, 1888, and or- 
ganized by the choice of H. E. Bartlett, chairman, 
and E. G. Frothingham, secretary. A committee 
was appointed to nominate a list of officers for per- 
manent organization and to prepare a constitution 
and by-laws, which committee met at an adjourned 
meeting at No. 40 Daggett's Building, April 2, and 
voted to recommend for adoption a constitution and 
by-laws, and nominated a list of officers, all of which 
action was accepted and confirmed at the first regu- 
lar meeting of the Board, held at the Police Court 
Room, April 11, 1888." 


(Ohat Helps the City, helps you 

Boom the Town - Where you Live 


Haverhill Board of Trade 


^^SV-SmXH Al'b°E^T L."wtLES 



By A. Franklin Priest, Clerk, Central District Court of Northern Essex 

MEN in the legal profession have great op- 
portunities to win personal renown and to 
bring honor and fame to the city in which 
they reside. 

The highest standard of ethics has always been 
adhered to by the members of that profession in 

Haverhill may well be proud of the able attor- 
neys, statesmen and jurists who have claimed Ha- 
verhill as their home. The names of Moody, Bric- 
kett, Jones, Winn, Wardwell, Carter, Ryan, Peters, 
Wells, Abbott and Fuller, and many others have al- 
ready blazoned their way to fame and with them 
carried the fair name of the Slipper City of the 

Haverhill should boast of respectable and suit- 
able quarters for her local district court. In that 
respect she has been remote and negligent as to her 
own civic pride. Business men and the populace of 
Haverhill have awakened to this fact and they de- 
mand suitable accommodations. The state legisla- 
ture has passed an act authorizing the erection of a 
modem court building in Haverhill. 

Although Haverhill was the last city in the 
County, and among the last in the Commonwealth, 
to realize the inadequate and ridiculous accommo- 
dations of her court, she will not fail in her new 
endeavors. When the sounds of carpenters and ma- 
sons have ceased, there will appear in Haverhill, 
upon the best location available, a court house 
worthy of the name of Haverhill, and without doubt 
the best of its kind in the Comomnwealth. 

The Central District Court of Northern Essex 
is located now at 36 Main Street, Haverhill. John J. 
Winn is justice and the associate justices are Otis 
J. Carleton and Daniel J. Cavan. The clerk is A. 
Franklin Priest. The probation officers are Edward 
B. Savage and Silas L. Morse. 

The district court is of the class of courts which 
is closest to the people. It rubs elbows with all 
classes and with people from all walks in life. It is 
the first to hear the cry of distress from the victim 
who has been robbed, assaulted or injured, and to 
give the shield of the law to the person who has 
been wronged. 

Many people think of the district court as the 
place where the criminal or viTong doer is brought 
so that the penalty of the law may be administered 
to him. They who have been unfortunate enough to 
have been the victim, the law abiding citizen who 

has been wronged in some way, realize that they 
may immediately seek their remedy through the dis- 
trict court and not through the Superior Court. 
This is true in ninety-nine cases out of one hundred. 

The jurisdiction of the district court has been 
materially increased in late years, making possible 
the trial of many cases in the local court which 
formerly could only be tried in an upper court. 

The work of a district court is divided into four 
classes: — Civil, criminal, juvenile and miscellaneous. 

Civil actions are sub-divided into actions of con- 
tract or actions of tort, — the first arising from a 
contractual relation, expressed or implied, and the 
second from some unlavirful act or wrong doing of 

Under the civil division come actions of eject- 
ment, to expel a person unlawfully in possession of 
land or tenements, and also actions of replevin, to 
recover personal property unlavirfully held from its 
owner; Poor debtor, Dubuque and Mesne Process 
also come under this head. The limit for these 
actions in a district court is one thousand dollars. 

The criminal is subdivided innumerably and in- 
cludes the issuing of complaints for every crime or 
misdemeanor known to law and statute of the Com- 
monwealth, and every ordinance within the jurisdic- 
tion of the Court. The Court may try, hear and de- 
termine all cases which are not punishable by a 
state prison sentence of five years or over, in which 
case a hearing is held to determine whether or not 
there is probable cause to bind the defendant over to 
the grand jury. 

Juvenile includes all cases where the accused is 
under seventeen years of age. The child is not 
called a defendant or criminal, but a delinquent. 
The court hears and determines not whether the 
child is guilty or not guilty, but whether or not the 
child is a delinquent child. The hearing cannot be 
held in the main or criminal court room, but must 
be heard in a separate court room, called the chil- 
dren's court. 

The work in the juvenile court is subdivided into 
wayward and delinquent cases, children who have 
done as the name implies, truants, and habitual ab- 
sentees from school, and neglected children. Many 
sad cases come to light under this last division, and 
high praise should be given to the capable and effi- 
cient manner in which local charitable religious so- 
cieties and the State Board of Charity aid the un- 
fortunate boys and girls who have found their way 


into the children's court. The State Board of Char- 
ity at present has custody of between six and seven 
thousand children throughout the Commonwealth, 
and the question of their welfare has become one of 
the great social problems of the hour. 

Under miscellaneous comes inquests, i. e. hearing 
and determining cases of violent deaths, and fires of 
incendiary origin; insane applications-hearings to 
determine the sanity or insanity of a patient and 
commitments to various state institutions — Any al- 
leged insane person so desiring may claim a hearing 
by a jury of six to determine the question of insanity 
in the district court — hearings on applications for 
duplicate certificates of naturalization; for marriage 
licenses to be issued within the five days' limit; 
search warrants for the unlawful sale, keeping or 
transportation of intoxicating liquors, stolen prop- 
erty, and many others. 

Civil actions are usually instituted through at- 
torneys, but as a rule the remainder of the proceed- 

ings mentioned are commenced by the direct applica- 
tion of complainant to court, through the clerk there- 
of, who first hears the evidence, issues processes, 
and the case is determined by the judge thereof, 
from whose decisions defendants have the right to 

The lower or district court is a court through 
which the people may get quick and adequate jus- 
tice, and it is in great deal closer touch with the peo- 
ple than the supreme, superior or probate courts. 

In summary, the district court is purely local, for 
local people and local conditions. 

Haverhill has always had an able bench and bar, 
of which she has been justly proud, and, guarding 
zealously the welfare and enhancement of the civic 
affairs of the community, she is about to have a local 
court building to which every citizen may point with 
pride and satisfaction, and which will probably ex- 
emplify the esteem in which Haverhill is held, not 
only throughout the Commonwealth, but the Nation. 




By John J. Mack, City Marshal 

HAVERHILL is protected by a police force that 
is efficient, loyal and conscientious. Every 
effort has been used to keep the department 
up to modern standards and a good record for pre- 
vention and detection of crime has been achieved. 
The percentage of crime has been reduced, even with 
the healthy increase in population. 

Haverhill has an automobile police patrol, an 
automobile ambulance, a touring car equipped for 
the especial use of the department, motorcycle 
squad, a detective division and plain clothes men 
are assigned when necessary. The Gamewell signal 
system is used, having been installed all new a few 
years ago, and by it officers on post are in communi- 
cation with headquarters at frequent intervals. The 
finger print system and other up-to-date methods of 
police departments are in vogue here and constant 
correspondence is kept with other departments, par- 
ticularly those in the Merrimack valley that offend- 
ers may be speedily apprehended. Experienced traf- 
fic officers are detailed to important street intersec- 
tions and the city is covered every minute of the day 
and night by patrols of the blue-coats, while superior 
officers are always in charge at the station. 

The Haverhill police department includes a mar- 
shal, deputy marshal, captain, four sergeants, cap- 
tain of inspectors, lockup keeper, two patrol chauf- 

feurs, police clerk, police woman and 36 patrolmen 
to 50,000 people. There are also 13 reserve officers. 
While the size of the force is comparatively small, 
its esprit de corps is strong- and our per capita cost 
is among the lowest in the state. Several reserve 
officers are regularly detailed during the Summer 
and the city marshal is in control of the entire de- 

Under the commission plan of government, an 
alderman is given supervision over the public safety 
departments and Alderman W. Henry Root, Commis- 
sioner of Public Safety, has direct charge of the 
police department and the city marshal the execu- 
tive officer. Last year the department responded to 
some 4,000 complaints of various descriptions, made 
a total of about 2,000 arrests and operated at a total 
cost of $58,985.18. This year additional sergeants 
were added to the force and this makes possible 
supervision of officers on their routes. 

The headquarters include cell rooms, one large 
detention room and separate quarters for female 
prisoners. The offices include the main station, 
guard room, officers' quarters and private offices for 
the marshal and inspection division. The Legisla- 
ture having approved an appropriation for a new 
court house, the probabilities are that more commo- 
dious rooms will later be available. 


Catering to any diversity of tastes, the Haverhill 
theatres are all modem playhouses. All have been 
built within the past six years. 

The Academy of Music offers the latest metro- 
politan dramatic successes interpreted by a stock 
company that has achieved the enviable record of 
being the best stock company in New England, and 
productions are notable for their completeness. The 
Academy seats 1500. 

The Colonial, seating 1600, plays high class 
vaudeville and has presented some road attractions. 
It is a popular playhouse. Extreme care is used in 
the selection of the acts through a trained theatrical 

man who sees them prior to making bookings and 
thus Haverhill enjoys the best in the vaudeville 

Offering high class photoplays, the Strand, built 
in 1915, is a type of the modern theatre presenting 
the very best in motion pictures. 

All three are on Merrimack Street, the principal 
merchandising artery, are of brick and fireproof con- 

The Orpheum, seating 900 and the Majestic, seat- 
ing 500, are smaller picture theatres which maintain 
a high standard of quality and are well regarded by 
the theatre going public. 



By John B. Gordon, Chief Engineer 

RUNNING from nine houses some two dozen 
pieces of apparatus manned by nearly 150 
men, guard Haverhill from the danger of fire. 
Answering approximately 700 alarms of all kinds in 
the course of a year, yet operating on the economical 
basis of an annual appropriation which does not quite 
reach $80,000, the Haverhill Fire Department while 
not so large or well equipped as we would like to see 
it, nevertheless, for the size of the city competently 
protects Haverhill, a municipality with an extended 
area and laid out over several hills which renders re- 
sponse often difficult and fire fighting frequently a 

The total value of buildings and contents in which 
there were fires during 1916 was more than $3,700,- 
000, the insurance thereon was $3,300,000; the insur- 
ance loss was $162,000 and the uninsured cost $18,- 
000. The Haverhill fire department is equipped with 
seven pieces of motor apparatus, fourteen horse 
dravra engines, chemicals, ladders and hose wagons. 
Some of the latter are held in reserve while thirteen 
horses are used on these vehicles which are always 
in commission. A high pressure water service from 
twelve and sixteen-inch mains is available in the 
congested area. The wires of the modern fire alarm 
telegraph system reach like nerves to every part of 
the city and eighty boxes are connected with it. An 
automatic fire alarm system controlled by the Ha- 
verhill Board of Trade Associates records alarms 
from practically all of the factories while sprinkler 
systems in these buildings hold the fire in check un- 
til the department can respond. 

In the downtown section all of the wires are bur- 
ied in conduits beneath the streets and the entire sys- 
tem was newly reinstalled in 1912. 

Every minute of the twenty-four hours of every 
day a man is on duty at the desk in the seven active 
stations and forty-nine permanent firemen await the 
call to duty. We also have forty call-men, two volun- 
teer companies of eight men each and about fifty fire- 
men in outlying sections. There are 475 hydrants 
and the alarm whistle is a diaphone signal whose 
voice can be heard all over the city summoning call 
firemen and policemen to posts of duty. It was in 
1910 that Haverhill first purchased automobile ap- 
paratus and at that time secured a Knox Combina- 
tion chemical and hose wagon with sixty horse power 
at a cost of $4500. A Chief's car of the Knox make 
was placed in commission June, 1910, and the com- 
bination went in May first of the same year. Two 

Seagraves trucks, one combination chemical and lad- 
der, the other a large hose wagon, were secured in 
1913 at a cost of $11,500. Each one of these ma- 
chines has ninety horsepower. In April 1912 Hose A, 
which is another Knox car, was commissioned and in 
1916 two Kissell chasses were purchased. Haverhill 
firemen, who have a very mechanical turn, rebuilt 
horse-drawn bodies which were placed upon the chas- 
ses, turning out one combination chemical and cover 
placed in commission September 28th and one com- 
bination chemical and hose placed in commission 
October 24th. In 1915 a new Chief's car of the 
Chalmers make was purchased. 

A reorganization of the Board of Engineers was 
efl'ected early in 1917 — three permanent captains 
were elected First, Second and Third Assistant Engi- 
neers, while the fourth assistant remained as a call 
man in the department — George N. Whiting, George 
F. Walker, W. H. Hawkins and John B. Currier with 
the Chief comprises the Board of Engineers. 

A reserve engine and hose car at headquarters 
are equipped so that they may be dravwi by auto- 
mobile aparatus. 

The department equipment also includes a three- 
inch turret gun, an aerial truck, life nets, smoke 
masks, and all of the modern appliances used by the 
fire fighters of today. The Haverhill Fire Depart- 
ment endeavors to keep pace with the progress of 
modern inventions and the growth of the city. 

In view of the scientific fire fighting methods of 
today it is interesting to take a retrospective glance 
into the past. The earliest record of the organiza- 
tion of a fire company in Haverhill dates back to 
Washington's birthday 1768 when a fire club was or- 
ganized and four wardens chosen. In 1769 a com- 
pany was formed for the purpose of securing an en- 
gine and the first one ever used in Haverhill was 
purchased that year by subscription at a cost of $192. 
Cornelius Mansise was captain. In 1783 the fire 
club was given permission "to set an engine house 
on the west side of the landing adjoining land of 
Samuel White." The new engine house had been 
erected during the summer of 1769 and the first mus- 
ter was held in 1770. The first fire recorded in the 
tovsm annals was the burning in 1761 of a thatched 
house owned by Matthias Brittons on Kenoza Ave- 
nue. It is also recorded that an engine was pur- 
chased by subscription in 1759 and 1796 and another 
engine was purchased by subscription in 1819. This 
engine was brought from Boston on board of Captain 


William Haseltine's sloop, and cost $400 and on June 
15th of 1820 was piven to the town. 

Up to 1841 the fire clubs were self g-overned re- 
ceiving no remuneration except the allowance of their 
annual poll tax. March 15th, 1841 the governor 
signed an act which in that year was accepted by the 
to\vn establishins;- a fire department, and the different 
companies met that year and reorganized according 
to the act. At this time the town also voted to pay 
the firemen for services, which was the first evi- 
dence of any salary. 

At the first meeting of the reorganized fire com- 
panies, or as it was then called for the first time the 
Haverhill Department and sometimes known as the 
Fire Society, held in the office of Charles Minot, Sat- 
urday evening, April 10th, 1841, Ezekiel Hale was 
elected chief and he continued in that position to 
1845. September 24th, 1842 it was voted to purchase 
six hydrants. In 1848 a new engine the "Tiger" was 
purchased for Company 1 and the next year a new 
engine house was built on Water Street. On March 
10th, 1851, it was voted to buy a new engine. This 
was the first with a suction hose, all of the others 
being equipped merely with hand buckets. In 1860 
the present hook and ladder company was organized. 
At the close of this year Haverhill had four fire en- 
gines. Early in May 1866 Haverhill secured the first 
steamer used in the city. This was the "General 
Grant." The "City of Haverhill" was purchased in 
September 1870 and the "Essex," May, 1873. The 
"General Grant" and the "Essex" have been built over 
and are now in use, while the "City of Haverhill" is 
held in reserve. 

The first serious fire in the shoe district occurred 
at three o'clock, Sunday, November 16, 1873, when 
fire was discovered in a wooden building in the rear 
of the Prescott block, Washington Square, now the 
Hotel Thorndike. This was the most disastrous fire 
since 1775, the loss being estimated at $175,000. Ha- 
verhill's great conflagration, however, occurred Feb- 
ruary 17 and 18, 1882, originating in a wooden block 
about one-half way up the North side of Washington 
Street. The first alarm was rung in at 11:30 p. m. 
on Friday night in the midst of a bitter cold and 
shrieking gale. The fire whistle continued to sound 
all during the fire like the moan of a human groan, 
the building in which the whistle was located being 
in the centre of the conflagration. At two o'clock 
Saturday morning both sides of Washington Street 
and part of Wingate and Essex Streets were in 
flames. Many houses in Bradford caught fire from 
the huge cinders. 

Telegrams were dispatched to all the surround- 
ing cities for aid. At dawn the shoe district was al- 
most obliterated. All of the buildings on the South 
side of Washington Street as far as the Currier 
Building had become a prey to the flames, the North 
side was leveled and the East side of Wingate Street 
and Washington Square were laid in ashes. The 

property loss amounted to $2,000,000, ten acres 
were burned, but only one life was lost, that of 
Joseph St. Germaine, a member of the hook and 
ladder truck. 

Scarcely had the bricks cooled before plans were 
laid for a new shoe district and in a very short space 
of time brick and marble buildings towered toward 
the sky, a vast improvement over the buildings which 
had occupied the burned area. 

The hand of time is laying its palm upon the 
ancient records of the Haverhill Fire Companies and 
the writing is now very dim. So far as they show, 
however, the chiefs of the Haverhill Fire Depart- 
ment have been: 

1841-184.5— Ezekiel Hale. 

1845-1852— Ruf us Slocomb. 

1853-1857— Daniel Palmer. 

1858-1859— Francis Butters, Jr. 

1860-1866— J. M. Littlefield. 

1867 —George Treab. 

1868-1869— Thomas Grieves, 
(resigned June 7th, 1869). 

1869-1871— William Turner. 

1872-1873— Thomas Grieves. 

1874-1875— J. M. Littlefield. 

1876 —Fred P. Cheney. 

1877 — O. M. West. 
1878-1879— Augustus McDuffee. 
1880-1882— O. M. West. 

1883 —James M. Pearson. 

1884 — G. F. Pinkham. 
(Served three months) 

1884-1886— James M. Pearson. 

1887-1889— Edward Charlesworth. 

1890-1891— John B. Gordon. 

1892 —Edward Charlesworth. 

1893- —John B. Gordon. 

The first horses used in the Haverhill Fire De- 
partment were a pair of grays, driven by C. W. 
Foster, which drew the "City of Haverhill," and a 
pair of bays which drew the "General Grant," the 
latter driven by the late Abraham D. Champion. 
These horses were brought to Haverhill in 1872. 
Alexander Roberts who was engineer of the "Essex," 
is the oldest living member of the department. Ha- 
verhill also had the first chemical engine east of Bos- 
ton. The first installation of the Gamewell fire 
alarm telegraph system was made in 1883 and in 
March 3rd of that year Edward Charlesworth was 
appointed superintendent of office alarm. 

The present chief has been connected with the 
Haverhill Fire Department since 1881, having been 
out of the harness but one year, 1892, and has been 
chief continuously since 1893. 

The Haverhill firemen put their talents to good 
advantage, much of the apparatus having been re- 
built by them in the spare hours. A seventy-five gal- 
lon chemical tank on a rebuilt hose cart, so arranged 
that it can be drawn by horses or men, is now sta- 


NORTH coxc;kegation'al church 




tioned in Ayers Village. This wagon was made by 
the firemen from discarded apparatus. In 1917 two 
volunteer companies were orffanized to report at the 
Court and Essex Street Stations upon second alarms 
to take out the apparatus held in reserve. G. Her- 
man Pulsifer. formerly assistant chief in the Haver- 
hill Fire Department and A. F. Turner, formerly 
connected with the Boston Fire Department are cap- 
tains of these emergency companies. 

The Haverhill Fire Department has never fal- 
tered in its duty; its response has been complimented 
by experts from the National Board of Fire Under- 
writers; its personnel is of a high standard; its tra- 
ditions heroic and its creditable record truly noble; 
its standing is justly high; its record clean and hon- 
orable; its membership composed of men who have 
never flinched, and its performance always reflects 
the highest credit upon the city which it represents. 


HAVERHILL has been called a city of many 
churches. Every denomination is represent- 
ed in the 39 edifices dedicated to religion. 
The churches are well distributed in every part of 
the city. It was a minister of the Gospel who was 
the first white man to paddle up the Merrimack 
and settle where the purling Mill Brook joined the 
s\vift Merrimack, and Haverhill ever since then has 
had ample facilities for her people to worship as 
they wish. 

Haverhill's ecclesiastical history is very much 
like that of many of the other older New England 
settlements. The town and the parish were identi- 
cal for nearly 1.30 years, town meetings and the ser- 
vices of the Sabbath being held in the same build- 
ing, at once the town house and the parish meeting 
house. In the town books and by the town clerk 
were preserved the records of such transactions as 
would now be considered as relating entirely to the 
various religious societies, but were then a part of 
the town's business. In 1728, however, the town 

had become so large as to make it a matter of con- 
venience for its inhabitants to divide it into two 
parishes and later into more. Not until 1848 did 
the town have a distinct assembling place of its 
own. Practically all of Haverhill's churches have 
proud histories and their parishes are strong, which 
is another representation of the community spirit. 

Haverhill has: 

8 Baptist Churches, 

7 Congregational Churches, 

6 Roman Catholic Churches, 

2 Episcopal Churches, 

2 Methodist Churches, 

2 Methodist Episcopal Churches, 

2 Pentacostal Churches, 

2 Unitarian Churches, 

2 Christian Scientist Churches, 

2 Synagogues, 

1 Presbyterian Church, 

1 Adventist Church. 


By Leonard W. Smith, Curator 

SITUATED at one of the most picturesque bends 
in the beautiful Merrimack river, the home of 
the Haverhill Historical Society and grounds 
occupy a prominent place in the landscape of that 
section. The whole neighborhood is full of historic 
interest; not far away the first settlers landed; near 
by is the spot where the first group of log houses 
were built; the first meeting house, the first school 
and the first burj-ing ground. On one of the lawns 
in the Historical Society grounds stands a modest 
white house, built for the first minister, Rev. John 
Ward. This house as far as knowTi was the first 
frame building in the town and occupied by the 
Rev. John Ward and his family during his long pas- 
torate. Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. John and 
Mrs. Ward, married the Hon. Nathaniel Saltonstall, 
and to the young couple the Rev. Mr. Ward gave 
the house lot on which the Historical House now 

stands. The Saltonstalls descended from a rich and 
aristocratic family, and this young Nathaniel built a 
beautiful Manor House on the lot, and for many 
years it was known as the "Saltonstall Seat." Mr. 
Saltonstall had a row of Sycamore trees planted 
along the front of his estate, and these trees were 
set out by Hugh Tallant, the first Irishman who 
came into the town. These trees were made historic 
by Whittier's poem "The Sycamores." 

During the Revolutionary War, Colonel Salton- 
stall who resided at the homestead, favored the King 
in his sympathies, differing from the other mem- 
bers of the family who were in favor of the Col- 
onists. Under these circumstances he decided to go 
to England and live, and the property was confis- 
cated by the Government and purchased by the Dun- 
can family who were the owners until the estate was 
presented to the Haverhill Historical Society. The 






house which Hon. Nathaniel Saltonstall built was 
partially destroyed during the Revolutionary period 
and when it came into the possession of the Duncans, 
the present mansion was built for Samuel Duncan, 
and his bride Mary White, thus uniting two of the 
oldest and important families. Soon after the es- 
tate was presented to the Historical Society. It was 
formally opened January 30, 1904, with interesting 
exercises. Since then there has been added to the 

first few articles then owned, many valuable relics 
of early history until the catalog numbers over two 
thousand exhibits. Among them are portraits, docu- 
ments, china, linen, the original deed from the In- 
dians, a piece of cloth in which Hannah Duston 
brought home the scalps of the Indians whom she 
and her two fellow prisoners killed, and many other 
historic gems. At the east of the home is a fine 
colonial garden, full of old fashioned flowers. 


By L. F. McNamara, Postmaster 

DOING an annual business of more than $140,000, 
and employing over one hundred people in 
the transmission of its business, the Haver- 
hill Post Office must be considered a most important 
link in Haverhill's industry. Haverhill is a first 
class post office and enjoys practically all of the pos- 
tal advantages of the larger centers. Mails are re- 
ceived and dispatched at all hours during the day and 
night and eleven contract stations, dependent upon 
the Haverhill post office, are so established that they 
render convenient service to all the citizens. 

The earliest record of the government mail ser- 
vice extended to Haverhill was during the time that 
Ellis Huske was Boston's postmaster from 1734 to 
1784. He established an inland post route from Bos- 
ton via Medford, Woburn, Andover, Haverhill and 
Exeter to Portsmouth. The postal service, via Ha- 
verhill, began Thursday, April 14, 1740, which may 
be called the beginning of postal facilities in this 
city, and there was one mail a week. The mail car- 
rier or post-rider, as he was called in those days, 
had charge of the collection, transportation, and de- 
livery of all mails in all the towns. May 13, 1775, 
Congress ordered that post offices be established in 
certain towns and Simeon Greenough was appointed 
to be postmaster of Haverhill. The office was sta- 
tioned in the house at the corner of Water and 
Moore Streets. Later it is believed that the govern- 
ment business was transacted in the stores of John 
Edwards and Moses Ross on Merrimack Street near 
Haverhill Bridge, and the post office location 
changed from time to time with the appointment 
of new postmasters. 

In 1858 Davis Bodfish was postmaster. He 
moved the office to the block on Merrimack Street 
where the P. C. Wilson store is now located. On 
May nth, 1861, the late Edwin P. Hill was called 
postmaster. During his term of office, for the first 
time in the history of Haverhill, the postoffice was 
withdrawn from all connections in other business 
and the building on the corner of Main and Merri- 
mack Streets was commodiously fitted up after the 

model of the Boston postoffice of that time. When 
the late William E. Blunt held office, after being ap- 
pointed in 1876, he moved the office to the old post 
office block in the wooden building at 56 Merrimack 
Street. Following Mr. Blunt, who held office twelve 
years, Gilman L. Sleeper moved the post office to 
109 Merrimack Street in the Academy of Music 
Building. In 1893 the erection of the present post 
office building in Washington Square was begun and 
was finished and occupied the following year. The 
cost was $75,000. The land on which the post office 
stands is part of the original grant of 200 acres of 
parsonage land which was granted as pasture land 
to Rev. John Ward, the first minister of Haverhill. 
On this lot also was set the first engine house erect- 
ed in Haverhill, this latter having been built in 1783. 

The post office has kept pace with the growth of 
the city. September 1st, 1882, Haverhill was given 
its first letter carriers and at that time there were 
but five. Today Haverhill has thirty-nine regular 
and ten substitute carriers, thirty-four regular and 
six substitute clerks and four rural carriers. There 
are three branch offices in Groveland, South Grove- 
land and Georgetown. The eleven contract stations 
include East Haverhill, and Ayers Village, there are 
nine numbered stations, and one independent station 
in the Bradford District. 

In the last ten years, while Haverhill has been 
growing 10,000 people, the revenue of the post office 
has nearly doubled. For the calendar year ending 
1906 the receipts were $78,439.40, and for the cal- 
endar year ending January 1, 1917, the receipts were 
$143,926.75. May 1st, 1917 there were 364 deposit- 
ors in the postal savings department and there were 
$59,625 to their credit. There are about 200 mail 
boxes in the city proper and suburbs. 

Midnight collections are made from all boxes in 
the principal residential and business districts and 
clerks are on duty all night dispatching these mails 
on the early morning trains. Two parcel post teams 
are operated all the time and several special deliv- 
ery boys are employed to handle this special matter. 











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The present postmaster, appointed in 1913, succeed- 
ed Charles M. Hoyt, who was appointed in 1909. 
Clarence B. Lagacy is assistant postmaster. Nelson 
R. Foss has charge of the finance, George L. Kelly 
is superintendent and John J. Cronin is assistant 
superintendent of mails. 

The Haverhill post office has an efficient corps 
of men. Haverhill has a postal area of .54 square 
miles and this offers quite a complex problem to 
the post office department, but one, which we believe, 
is handled in such a way that meets with the ap- 
proval of the citizens and renders service. While the 

post office building itself is none too large because 
of the growth of the city and the demand made up- 
on the department, the office itself compares favor- 
ably with those in other cities much larger than Ha- 
verhill. The quality of personnel of the men is high, 
their painstaking efforts are sincere and their daily 
results gratifying. Those interested in Haverhill 
may rest assured that the post office department 
stands ready, at all times, to render the highest effi- 
ciency of service in the best possible manner and to 
aid, so far as possible, in the development of the 
community it serves. 


By Charles H. Grover, Chairman Retail Trade Committee 


[ANY times it has been truly said, by men who 
know, that a man who can do a successful 
retail business in Haverhill can do business 
anywhere — the reason for this frequent remark is 
because the retail business in Haverhill is so well 
conducted. The stores of Haverhill are abreast of 
the times. They are nearly all owned or conducted 
by men who have grown up in the business from 
clerks in Haverhill stores or who have branched out 
from some other business and established one for 
themselves. But, growing up in the business or 
growing old in the business does not mean that they 
have grown stale or old fashioned. Nowhere can 
one find more up-to-date merchandise or more mod- 
ern store methods than right in Haverhill. Her 
merchants and their buyers visit the great markets 
often and are in constant touch with all that is good 
in merchandise and they are only too glad to adopt 
new methods found to be efficient in the best estab- 
lishments in the large cities. 

Haverhill is not a cheap town. Her purchasing 
public on the whole demands good merchandise. 
They want what is right. They want good quality, 
and they are willing to pay a fair price. And the 
people or Haverhill pay only a fair price for their 
goods. Quality considered, nowhere in the world are 
goods of all kinds sold at a more reasonable profit 
than in Haverhill, Mass. 

Considering the size of the city, Haverhill mer- 
chants carry heavy stocks. Their patrons have the 
advantage of splendid assortments of merchandise 
enjoyed only by the buyers in much larger cities. 
Probably the city proper could not support so many 
large and so many well equipped establishments as 
she now does were it not for the very extensive sub- 
urban patronage she receives from the many small 
towns for which she is the best trading center. 

Perhaps another contributing fact to the scale on 
which the retail business in Haverhill is done is due 

to her close proximity and the ease and frequency 
with which her residents can reach Boston. Haver- 
hill merchants are thus placed in direct competition 
with that great city and must therefore meet its 
competition with first class stores and stocks and 
methods to keep her patronage at home where it 

Competition among the Haverhill merchants 
themselves is keen but friendly. They vie with each 
other to gain patronage and on the other hand work 
together in harmony for the welfare of the whole 
city. They have an organization represented by the 
Retail Trade Committee of the Chamber of Com- 
merce which has worked out many plans for the com- 
mon good of all, and who as a committee have been 
able to eliminate many of the evils which affect mer- 
chandising in other cities. 

This year the committee has inaugurated a cam- 
paign of newspaper publicity in an effort to keep a 
still larger share of Haverhill trade in Haverhill. A 
series of strong advertisements is being run in both 
local papers. 

The retail business of Haverhill is done in a com- 
paratively small area. The bulk of the business is 
still done on one street and in less than five city 
blocks, although it is gradually spreading out, due 
in the last few years to rising rentals and lack of 
space, and as is usual in small cities, the business is 
confined mainly to street floors. 

No large fortunes have been made in Haverhill 
in the retail business and on the other hand failures 
have been comparatively few. On the whole the 
merchants of Haverhill are a hard working, serious- 
minded and optimistic lot of men as you will find 
anywhere and are willing and able and ready to do 
their share toward any good work, and are satisfied 
to take a modest share of reward for their labor and 
for the capital invested in their business. 



By John G. Moulton, Librarian 

THE Haverhill Public Library was founded in 
1873 by the Hon. E. J. M. Hale, who offered 
the land for the site and $30,000 on condition 
that, if the city accepted the gift, a board of trustees 
should be appointed by the Mayor and City Council, 
a further sum of $30,000 should be given by friends 
of the library and the city government should pay 
the current expenses. The city accepted the propo- 
sition and the sum of $37,155.55 was raised by public 

wholly supporting the library and has paid only a 
part of the current expenses. The city has never 
spent anything for books, periodicals and pictures, 
all of these being paid for from the income from the 

Now, in 1918, the library has 108,000 volumes 
and is eighth in size among free city libraries in the 
state, being surpassed (in the order named) by the 
libraries of Boston, Worcester, Springfield, North- 
ampton, New Bedford, Cambridge and Somerville. 


Edward Capen, the first librarian of the Boston 
Public Library, was appointed librarian. The build- 
ing was opened to the public Nov. 18, 1875 with 20,- 
962 volumes bought at a cost of $17,583.34. The cost 
of the building was about $50,000 and the value of 
the library, including site, about $80,000. Haverhill 
at that time had a population of only about 15,000. 

Mr. Hale made annual gifts to the library until 
his death in 1881. He left the library a legacy of 
$100,000, half the income from which was to be spent 
for books and half used for current expenses. Other 
bequests have been received from James E. Gale, 
Mrs. Caroline G. Ordway, Herbert L Ordway, James 
H. Carleton, Nathaniel E. Noyes, Matilda T. Elliott, 
Jonathan E. Pecker and Elizabeth C. Ames, and the 
total endowment is now $157,829.72. From the be- 
ginning the city has been relieved of the burden of 

It is the largest public library in New England north 
of metropolitan Boston, and, with the exception of 
Northampton, is the largest public library in the 
United States in cities the size of Haverhill. 

Haverhill has unsurpassed Jibrary facilities. Be- 
sides the main library and reading-room with about 
270 current periodicals, trade papers, and newspapers 
on file there are two branch libraries, each with a 
large standard collection of books and a reading room 
with 33 periodicals and newspapers on file. There 
are in addition six stations with collections of books 
and 129 school-rooms through which books are dis- 
tributed. In 1916 the home circulation of books was 
202,059 volumes, or 3.9 per capita, which is a high 

About 5,000 volumes are added each year and 
about $5,500.00 are spent annually for books, periodi- 


cals, and pictures. The rules of the library are lib- 
eral and every encouragement is given in the use of 
books. Borrowers may take as many books at a 
time as they wish, provided that only one of these is 
new fiction. They may keep the books eight weeks. 

The library is both a popular and a students' li- 
brary. It is particularly rich in the fine arts, Amer- 
ican history, genealogy and town history, having spe- 
cial funds for the purchase of expensive books in 
those classes. It has one of the largest and most 
used collections of mounted pictures of any library 
in the country outside of New York, Boston, and 
Newark. The collections of books on the sciences, 
useful arts, education, vocation, and the trades are 
large. Every oportunity for self -education is given 
the student and working-man. 

The library has a memorial collection of first edi- 

tions of John G. Whittier and books about him that 
is probably the largest and most valuable Whittier 
collection in any public library. 

It has many valuable art treasures in both books 
and prints. It has a lecture-hall and art gallery 
where the pictures are frequently displayed. The 
lecture-hall is free for the use of clubs and societies. 

The library co-operates closely with the schools 
and sends books to the greater number of school- 
rooms in the city. Ten travelling libraries circulate 
among the schools in the country districts. 

As a people's university the library offers the 
best. It is unsurpassed by the libraries in the larg- 
est cities in its opportunities for self-education. It 
offers the additional desirable feature of being able 
to give personal attention when needed, and is a liv- 
ing personality and not a mere institution. 


By Robert A. Jordan, Chairman of City Planning Board 

HAVERHILL is emerging from a country vil- 
lage, and is becoming a city "standing with 
reluctant feet, where the brook and river 
meet," the old with its more or less narrow puritan- 
ism, the new with the broad outlook of all its citi- 
zens, its progress and its desire to learn new and 
better ways, and above all the development of public 
spirit. Haverhill is saying goodbye to the old with 
gratitude for all the work it has done, which ac- 
cording to its lights was good. Haverhill is wel- 
coming the new with hopes for a great and glorious 

It is in this changing time that the Planning 
Board has begun its duties, with the handicap of the 
old, but with the spur of the new, that may be per- 
haps of benefit to our community. During its first 
few months it has been engaged in studying condi- 
tions, the wants and the needs of the city. It has 
not as yet been able to advocate all that it wishes 
to do. It brought to a successful conclusion its agi- 
tation for home gardening; it has recommended uni- 
formity and non-duplication in the names of streets 
and several other matters of minor importance. The 
more important questions in the planning for a city 
of double our population, a city fifty years from now, 
a city that we may not live to see, requires that 
study and care that the twig be not bent, so that the 
tree may rise erect to lofty heights. 

The Planning Board is now considering the utili- 
zation of waste products, the sanitary needs of the 
community, the cleanliness of alleys and reduction 
of fire hazards, the establishment of a civic center, 
proper streets to remove the congestion now existing 
on our main streets, the question of water supply, 
the necessity for proper playgrounds, skating and 

bathing for the youth, the city's finances, a central 
hospital with one overhead charge instead of five in- 
stitutions with ever increasing expenses, the surren- 
der of a lake by the water board not necessary for 
drinking water, to supply the youth with skating 
and bathing; these are all matters of study and are 
all in some form under consideration by the Board. 

Every city has its slackers and these are the 
men who are lacking in public spirit; the men who 
are for self first and city last, who retard the new 
and cling to the old. These men are fast disap- 
pearing, but still their influence to a certain extent 
is felt in the work of the Planning Board. The 
Planning Board hopes that the citizens of Haverhill 
will all put the city above selfish interests and then 
we will progress. 

Haverhill's future is bright. The Merrimack 
River must be, and will be, dredged to the sea. The 
development of cities removed a short distance from 
the sea coast on rivers has been shown from expe- 
rience to be more advantageously located than" those 
upon the sea coast. With good train and transpor- 
tation service, surrounded by fertile fields, with 
large manufacturing plants and a delightful climate, 
Haverhill can look to the future without fear. With 
a channel to the sea our future is boundless in its 

Its chief advantage, however, lies in its citizenry, 
a strong, sturdy stock of manhood, not only drawn 
from the skilled artizans of other countries and 
cities, but coming likewise from the New Hampshire 
foot hills and our neighboring towns, a strong set of 
Americans who will progress, and who will find in 
Haverhill their ideal .for business endeavor, and 
above all a happy home. 



By Cliarles E. Dole, President First National Bank 

AMONG the many institutions that are serving 
the city well we must not overlook its banks. 
There are at the present time four national, 
three savings, two co-operative banks and a trust 
company; two national banks having been liquidateii, 
the Second National being merged with the Haverhill 
Trust Company in 1906, and the Merchants National 
consolidating with the Haverhill National in 1916. 

The combined deposits of the commercial banks 
at the present time are $11,757,000, while the savings 
banks have on deposit $13,912,000. 

In every growing community the banlver, very 
largely, assumes the burden of deciding upon the 
course of its future development. He is the one to 
determine the relative value of one enterprise as 
compared with another and he naturally gives his 
support to the one that promises the highest utility 
and therefore the most certain profits. 

Therefore, the banker assumes the position of 
trustee of his community for he is the custodian of 
the funds of others as well as his own, and he must 
be vigilant and consider carefully the wants of all 
new enterprises and make them prove their worth 
before lending them the money of his depositors. 

It may truly be said that the liberality of the 
Haverhill banks, with their customers, in no small 
degree, has assisted in the growth and up-building 
of the city, for the financial and industrial interests 
must work hand in hand to achieve the best and 
most satisfactory results. In the matter of small 
loans the banks are very generous and stand ready 
to extend a helping hand to the young man who has 
shown himself worthy. 

Merrimack National Bank. 

The Merrimack Bank was incorporated in 1814 
and is the oldest banking institution in the city. It 
was originally located on Water street. Later it 
moved to Merrimack street, about opposite the foot 
of Pecker street, where it remained until it pur- 
chased the property, in 1879, where it is located at 
present. About four years ago it entirely remod- 
eled its banking rooms, and now has very comfort- 
able and beautiful quarters. 

First National Hank. 

The First National Bank was originally the 
Union Bank, a state bank, and was organized July 
25, 1849. On July 17, 1864, after the National Bank 
Act was passed, the bank entered the national sys- 
tem, being the first bank in Haverhill to obtain a 
national charter. This institution was originally lo- 

cated on Merrimack street, about opposite the foot 
of Pecker street, but moved westward with the shoe 
industry to Washington street in 1880 to better ac- 
comodate its patrons. In 1914, owing to constantly 
increasing business the bank provided large and 
comfortable quarters at Nos. 73 to 79 Washington 
street, where it is now located. 

Haverhill National Bank. 
The Haverhill National Bank was incorporated in 
1836 and was located on Main street, near Court 
street. Later it moved to Merrimack street in the 
building located at No. 83. It remained here until 
1880, when additional room was needed and it moved 
into the building known as the Masonic Temple and 
located at No. 117 Merrimack street. In June, 1915, 
the bank moved into its present new office building at 
the comer of Merrimack and Emerson streets, 
where very much larger quarters were provided. In 

1916 the business of the Merchants National Bank 
was taken over by the Haverhill National, the con- 
solidation taking place in August of that year. 

Essex National Bank. 

The Essex National Bank was organized as a 
state bank in 1851 and was located at No. 7 Merri- 
mack street until it moved into its present quarters 
at No. 24 Merrimack street a few years later. It 
has, from time to time, improved its rooms and 
equipment as the demands of its growing business 
has seemed wise. This institution is serving the 
retail section of the city. 

Haverhill Trust Company. 

The HaverliiU Safe Deposit and Trust Company, 
now the Haverhill Trust Company, commenced busi- 
ness March 24, 1891, but did not have any perma- 
nent location until 1892 when it moved into its pres- 
ent quarters at the corner of Merrimack and West 
streets on the completion of its own building. In 
1906 the Second National Bank, which was then on 
Washington street, was merged with this Company. 

The growth of the commercial banks is shown 
below and is remarkable in that the increase in de- 
posits is about 400 per cent, in the last seventeen 

Capital Total 

Surplus & Profits Deposits Loans Assets 

1870 1,082,000 461,000 961,000 2,213,000 

1880 1,230,000 698,000 1,440,000 2,657,000 

1890 1,.505,000 2,003,000 2,712,000 3,788,000 

1900 1,533,000 3,178,000 3,365,000 5,298,000 

1910 2,183,000 6,474,000 5,813,000 9,280,000 

1917 2,247,000 11,757,000 9,550,000 14,570,000 


Pentucket Savings Bank. 

The Pentucket Savings Bank received its ciiarter 
on March 17, 1891 and started business across the 
street from its present location, in the rooms with 
the Second National Bank. On October 31, 1892 it 
had 713 depositors with $89,136 to their credit. The 
statement of the bank on February 1, 1917, showed 
that there were 4768 depositors and the amount on 
deposit had increased to $2,314,558.14. 

City Five Cent Savings Bank. 

The City Five Cent Savings Bank was organized 
in March, 1870, and at the close of the year, on De- 
cember 31st, there were on deposit $139,942.97. This 
institution, which accepts as little as five cents on 
deposit, has met a demand of the small depositor, as 
is shown by the large number of customers and the 
constantly increasing deposits, there being, on Jan- 
uary 2, 1917, 13,533 depositors with $3,696,269.27 to 
their credit. 

Haverhill Savings Bank. 

The Haverhill Savings Bank was the first savings 
bank to be established in the city and it received its 
charter February 8, 1828. The bank opened for de- 
posits on October 21, 1829 and on the first day $818 
was received from eight depositors. From this 
meagre start the institution has grown until on 
.January 17, 1917, there were 17,239 depositors with 
total deposits of $7,901,242.04. 

The following table shows the growth of the 
Savings Banks since the year 1880: 

No. of 
1880 11,998 

1890 17,203 

1900 23,747 

1910 29,917 

1917 35,553 

Guaranty Fund 

Deposits & Surplus 

$3,663,000 $37,000 

5,392,000 210,000 

8,001,000 418,000 

10,091,000 852,000 

13,912,000 1,170,000 

The two co-operative banks are assisting very 
materially in the up-building of the city by making 
loans to the owners of their own homes. 
Citizens Co-Operative Bank. 

The Citizens Co-Operative Bank was organized 
August 11, 1887. George H. Carleton was the first 
president and still holds that office. James W. Good- 
win, the treasurer, has also held office since the in- 
corporation of the bank. 

This bank has had a steady growth and now the 
dues capital, which is the amount due to share- 
holders, is $535,826. 

Haverhill Co-Operative Bank. 

The Haverhill Co-Operative Bank was the second 
bank of its kind to receive a charter in Massachu- 
setts. This was granted on August 20, 1877. This in- 
situation is located at present on Emerson street in 
the Haverhill National Bank building. The dues cap- 
ital, which was $229,047 in 1890, is now $1,100,837. 

Below is a comparative statement of the growth 
of the co-operative banks: 

Dues Capital 1890 1900 1910 1917 

$264,080 $477,928 $750,535 $1,636,663 

By George B. Houston, Editor Haverhill Gazette 

'"T~'HE last decade has seen enormous advances in 
I the growth and influence of the Press in Ha- 
verhill. News gathering and distribution 
have been perfected to a high degree.. Mechanical 
production has advanced with great strides; illustra- 
tion has progressed to a point never before dreamed 
of; special features have been developed; department 
pages have been established, and the editorial pages 
still maintain soundness of thought and vigor of ex- 
pression. In every way the newspaper of today is a 
marked advance upon its forerunner of ten years ago. 
One familiar with conditions hardly feels it nec- 
essary to record the fact that both The Gazette and 
The Record are and have been good newspapers. 
They have led the way in every movement for a bet- 
ter, busier and bigger Haverhill. Their pages are 
filled with a spirit of independence and intelligent 
curiosity. This is what makes newspapers worth 
while. Both have honorable records, worth more than 
all the dollars they will ever see. They have the cour- 
age of their convictions, pursue consistent policies 
and hold to settled ideals marked by consistent effort 
to say and do what they believe to be best for the 
community, the commonwealth and the country. 

They have sought positions of honor by force of 
character and persistent enterprise. 

The press of Haverhill is today more than ever a 
factor in directing public thought into right channels, 
in teaching honest citizenship, in pointing out the 
dangers to public interests and in illuminating the 
proper course. 

The Record has always given its best to the ser- 
vice of the people. It is a bright mirror of the Ha- 
verhill of today — one of the real assets of the com- 
munity. It admirably covers the extensive field in 
which it circulates. 

The Gazette still clings to the lofty ideals mark- 
ing more than a century of existence and its deter- 
mination to be of positive benefit to the people of its 
day and generation. The spirit of the square deal 
which controlled its conduct under the ownership of 
John B. Wright has been safely reposited in the 
Wright family of which the present publisher is a 

May those who control the destinies of both jour- 
nals in the future have the foresight and the cour- 
age to control them for the benefit of the people as 
did those of the past. 






A. B. S. Cement & Rubber Co., 

Abbott, I. A., 

Abrams, Warren F., 

Academy of Music, 

Albertson, M. H., Leather Co., 

Allen, C. F., 

Allen, Edgar L., 

Alter, S., 

Alter, Maurice B. Co., Inc., 

Amazeen, A. H., 

American Shoe Trimming Co., 

Anthony, Dr. F. W., 

Anderson, Carl A., 

Appleton Counter Co., 

Apteker, Nathan, 

Archibald, F., & Co., 

Archambault, A. J., 

Arlington Shoe Co., 

Arniitage, Francis, 

Arnold, T. M., and Son, 

Arnold, Charles W. Co. Inc., 

Atherton Furniture Co., 

Atvvood, E. S., 

Atwood Bros., 

Ayer, George H., & Co., 

Ayer & Webster, 

Babcock, Frank D., 

Bailey, George S., 

Bancroft-Walker Co., 

Barker-Hines Company, 

Barrett, Richard H., 

Barry, Edward H., 

Barry, Thomas F., 

Barry, T. E., 

Bartlett, James C, 

Bartlett Hotel, 

Bates, J. W., 

Bayley, Warren C, 

Bay State Leather Remnant Co., 

Bay State Street Railway Co., 

Bay State Toplift Co., 

Beach Soap Co., 

Beal Bros., 

Bean, D. B. & Co., 

Beauvais, Henry I., & Co., 

Belanger, Frederick M., 

Bennett & Co., 

Cement & Rubber, 





United Shoe Machinery Co., 




Hill Top Farm, 

Shoe Trimmings, 




Wholesale Shoe Jobber, 

Women's Cut Soles, 


Shoe Manufacturers, 

Electrical Contractor, 

Union Leather Soles, 

Soles & Leather, 


Granite & Marble Works, 


Shoe Trimming Manufacturers, 

Box Board, 

Reporter for Banker & Tradesman, 


Shoe Manufacturers, 


Cigar Manufacturer, 

Retail Liquors, 



Slipper Manufacturer, 


Bradford Charcoal Co., 

Real Estate, 

Leather Remnants, 

Garfield S. Chase, Sup't., 

Harold W. Winchester, Mgr., 

Soap Manufacturers, 

Dye House, 

Coal & Wood, 

Liquor Dealer, 

Malt Liquors, 

Retail Shoe Store, 

7 Railroad Avenue, Brad Dist. 

83 Merrimack Street 

19 Proctor Street 

103 Merrimack Street 

47 Washington Street 

145 Esse.x Street 

33 Kingsbury Ave., Brad. Dist. 

364 Washington Street 

19 Railroad Square 

King Street, Groveland, Mass. 

18 Phoenix Row 

50 Merrimack Street 

140 Essex Street 
Bradford District 

73 River Street 

60 Phoenix Row 

154 Merrimack Street 

62 Washington Street 

40 Essex Street 

85 Essex Street 

18 Wingate Street 

15 Washington Square 

51 Main Street 

24 Main Street 

59 Washington Street 

Bradford District 

22 Nichols Street 

87 Water Street 

141 Essex Street 
67 Main St., B. D.; 117 Wash. St. 

41 1/2 Locust Street 

28 Water Street 

59 Washington Street 

143 Washington Street 

128 Washington Street 

59 Main Street 

Railroad Ave., Brad. Dist. 

196 Merrimack Street 

74 Phoenix Row 

3 Water Street 

62 Washington Street 

Water Street, Cor. Mill Street 

116 Merrimack Street 

1981/2 Merrimack Street 

29 Lafayette Square 

68 Lafayette Square 

18 Merrimack Street 


Bennett, 0. F., 
Benoit, Louis J. A., 
Benson, Dr. Charles S., 
Beverley, J. A., 
Bickum, C. I. Co., Inc., 
Bickum, C. I., 
Bixby, George H., 
Bixby, William E., 
Blake-Curtis Co., 
Blake, C. E., 
Blake, J. P., & Son, 
Bodwell Counter Co., 
Bollard & Bailey, 
Boland, William P., 
Bon Ton Cafe, 
Bornstein's Men's Shop, 
Boston Beef Co., 
Boston Credit Co., 
Boston & Haverhill Express, 
Boucher, E. A., 
Bourque & Sears, 
Brackett, Karl S., 
Bradford Market, 
Bradley Shoe Company, 
Bradstreet Heel Co., 
Bragdon, John H., 
Brasseur, S. J., 
Bray, W. S., & Son, Inc., 
Brickett, James E., 
BrigRs, George W., 
Brief, Benjamin, 
Brissette, A. J., 
Brittain & Co., 
Broadwalk Shoe Co., 
Brody, M., & Son, 
Bromis & Boucouvalas, 
Brooks, F. K., 
Brosnan, John B., 
Brown & Hutchison, 
Brown, Everett L., 
Brown, M. L., Leather Co., 
Browne, Willard W., 
Bryant, E. E., & Co., 
Bryant, Dr. J. E., 
Bunker, Dr. George M., 
Burke, Patrick, 
Busfield Machine Co., 
Busfield, John A., 
Butler & Haseltine, 
Butler & Holmes, 
Butler, John P., 
Butler, W. Fred, 
Butrick, Arthur W., 
Cahill, E. L. & Co., 
Campbell, H. B. Co., 
Campbell, L. L., 
Canarie, Dr. Martin C, 
Cappabianca, Antonio, 
Carbone, August, 



Physician and Surgeon, 

Electrical Contractor, 



Cut Straw, Leather Board, 

Leather Board, 

Wholesale Grocers, 

Real Estate, 





A. P. Elion, Proprietor, 

Men's Clothing, 


Men's Clothing, 



Boot & Shoe Patterns, 


Shoe Manufacturers, 
A. H. Bradstreet, Mgr., 


Retail Shoe Dealer, 


Real Estate, 

Troy Laundry, 

The Brief System Printing, 

Real Estate, 

Retail Groceries, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 

Leather Remnants, 

Custom Tailors, 

Merrimack Laundry, 


Shoe Patterns, 

Soles & Taps, 



Hardware & Painting, 





Agent Texas Oil Co., 

Slipper Manufacturers, 

Retail Shoe Dealers, 


Pork Shop, 


Liquor Dealers, 

Wholesale Produce, 

Real Estate, 


Fruit & Confectionery, 

Fruit & Confectionery, 

38 Emerson Street 
57 Water Street 
50 Merrimack Street 
9 How Street 
7 Water Street 
73 Water Street 
56 Essex Street 
56 Essex .Street 
262 Winter Street 
4 Lexington Avenue, Brad. Dist. 
87 Portland Street 
Granite & Essex Streets 
29 Wingate Street 
Rear 104 Merrimack Street 
47 Essex Street 
130 Washington Street 
159 Washington Street 
139 Merrimack Street 
31 Wingate Street 
Hilldale Avenue 
G4 Wingate Street 
38 Winter Street 
39 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 
115 Essex Street 
40 Granite Street 
11 Railroad Square 
13 Essex Street 
42 Phoenix Row 
154 Merrimack Street 
64 Essex Street 
109 River Street 
30 Tenth Avenue 
5 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 
Bradford District 
40 Granite Street 
40 Orchard Street 
14 Washington Street 
3 Fernwood Avenue, Brad. Dist. 
120 Washington Street 
95 Washington .Street 
118 Phoenix Row 
8 Emerson Street 
51 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 
50 Merrimack Street 
174 Merrimack Street 
257 Winter Street 
84 Washington Street 
84 Washington Street 
145 Essex Street 
35 Merrimack .Street 
68 Winter Street 
12 Fleet Street 
789 Broadway 
48 Locust Street 
203 Essex Street 
162 Merrimack Street 
81 Winter Street 
117 Lafayette Square 
5 Water Street 


Carbone Bros., 

Carleton, George F. & Co., 

Carleton, O. J., 

Carlisle & Holt, 

Carriga', J- J., 

Carroll, T. F., 

Carter, Dr. Elmer W., 

Carter Co., 

Carter-Russell & Co., 

Carter's Transfer Co., 

Casey & Sheehan, 

Cass, Samuel E.. 

Caswell, Dr. G. E., 

Chadwick, J. T., 

Chadwick, W. B., 

Chagachbanian, K. M., 

Chapman, J. W., 

Chase Press, Inc., 

Chase, A. T., 

Chase & Laubham, 

Chase & Richardson, 

Chase, D. D., Lumber Co., 

Chase, F. S., 

Chashoudian, Gregory H., 

Chesley, B. A., 

Chicago Market, 

Child, A. M., 

Chooljian Bros., 

Citizens Co-operative Bank, 

City Five Cent Savings Bank, 

Clam Shell, The 

Clancey, Charles W., 

Clarke, Clifton A., 

Clarke, Greenleaf, 

Clarke, Dr. I. J., 

Clough, Leroy H., 

Coakley, Dennis X., 

Coddaire, J. W., 

Coddaire, William H., 

Colby, J. A., 

Colcord, Arthur T., 

Cole, B. E. Co., Inc. 

Cole, N. S. & Son Co., 

Collins & Johnson, 

Collins, H. S., 

Collins Market, 

Collins, A. G., Shoe Co., 

Colonial Alleys, 

Colonial Lunch, 

Colonial Theatre, 

Comeau, William J., 

Connell, .lohn, 

Conway Die Co., 

Cook, J. D., & Son, 

Cook, Christopher C, 

Cook, Charles Potter, 

Cooke, Dr. William H., 

Cooke, Thomas M., 

Cordopatis, Christos, 


Shoe Manufacturers, 



Star Laundry, 


Osteopathic Physician, 

Men's Clothing, 



Retail Liquors, 




Dirigo Cream, 

Shoe Store & Shoe Rep'g., 

Die Manufacturer, 

Printers & Stationers, 


Real Estate Owners, 

Groceries & Provisions, 


Shoe Manufacturer, 

Custom Tailor, 


Meats & Groceries, 

Sec. Hav. Shoe Mfgrs. Ass'n., 

Fruit & Confectionery, 

James W. Goodwin, Treasurer, 

George W. Noyes, Treas., 


Mgr. Trolley Guide Pub. Co., 


Real Estate, 



Inspector of Plumbing, 


Globe Market, 

Real Estate, 


Shoe Manufacturers, 

Carpenter & Builder, 

Auto Repairing, 

Shoe Manufacturer, 


Shoe Manufacturers, 



James A. Sayer, Manager, 



James J. O'Donnell, Manager, 



Sup't W. & V. O. Kimball Co., 


Shoe Counters, 


11 Washington Square 

22 Phoenix Row 

83 Merrimack Street 

9o Main Street, Brad. Dist. 

Washington Square 

2 Wingate Street 

72 White Street 

19 Washington Square 

23 Hale Street 

Rear 76 Merrimack Street 

14 West Street 

30 Ashland Street 

9 Merrimack Street 

West Boxford, Mass. 

19 Eleventh Avenue 

291 Washington Street 

Rear 44 Washington Street 

87 Essex Street 

54 Summer Street 

1 Essex Street 

1.59 Winter Street 

9 Washington Avenue 

.59 Wingate Street 

1-3% White Street 

313 Washington Street 

175 Merrimack Street 

58 Washington Street 

121 Winter Street 

81 Merrimack Street 
48 Washington Street 
9 Washington Square 

196 Winter Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

50 Merrimack Street 

112 Emerson Street 

39 Byron Street, Brad. Dist. 

Board of Health, City Hall 

82 Lafayette Square 

52 Fifth Avenue 

3 Water Street 

37 Wellington Avenue 

16 Walnut Street 

18 Central Street, Brad. Dist. 

12 Lafayette Square 

145 Essex Street 

71 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 

112 Washington Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

189 Merrimack Street 

Merrimack Street 

80 Lafayette Square 

105 Prospect Street, Brad. Dist. 

40 Granite Street 

28 West Street 

3 Byron Street, Brad. Dist. 

4 Walnut Street 

72 Merrimack Street 

45 Wingate Street 

25 Locke Street 


Costarides & Stavropoulos, 
Costello & Shanahan, 
Coucouvitis, Nicholas K., 
Courteau, Oscar A., 
Courtney, Thomas A., 
Cowan, Robert, 
Cox, Herbert W., 
Crafts, Albert M., 
Crane Drug- Store, 
Crepeau, Charles O., 
Cross, Charles E., 
Cross, John H., 
Croston, Dr. John F., 
Crovvell, Frank. 
Crowley, Daniel J., 
Crystal Lunch, 
Currier, George D. & Co., 
Curtin, J. F., 
Cushman & Hebert, 
Dagiannis, Nicholas, 
Dalryniple-Pulsifer Co., 
Dalton, A., Co., 
Danulian, A., 
Davis, B. W., 
Davis, B. C. & Co., 
Davis, Frank E., 
Davis, George I., 
Davis, James R., 
Davis, H., & Co., 
Day, Lewis A., 
Dean, Chase Co., 
Dearborn. John H., 
Delisle, Dr. Joseph D., 
Delva, A., 

Dempsey, Clarence H., 
Desmond, J. T., 
Desmond, William J., 
Dillon, P. J., 
Dinsmore, A. S., 
Dinsmore & Landers, 
Dole, Charles E., 
Dole & Childs, 
Donahue & Co., 
Donahue, Dr. Hugh, 
Donovan, Dennis, 
Donovan, John R,. 
Doucette, Nory, 
Dorion, Dr. Louis P. A., 
Dow, Moses H., 
Downs Commercial School, 
Drewett, William, 
Drinkwater, James, 
Drolet, Philip, 
Dudley, D. T. & Co., 
Dudley, L. B. & Co., 
Duffee. William F., 
Duffy, Charles, 
Dugan, Timothy, 
Dupre, Ferdinand, 

Retail Liquors, 



Dry Goods, 

Heel Manufacturer, 




George E. Crane, M. D., 



Shoe Manufacturer, 




Vastos & Mallis, 

Upper Leather & Shoe Trimmings, 

Shoe Threads, 

Shoe Manufacturei's, 

Meats, Groceries, Fruit, 

Slipper Bows, 

Paper Boxes, 


With A. Kimball Shoe Co., Law'ce, 

Top Lifts, 



Steward Wachusctt Club, 


Mgr. Hav. Construction Co., 

Shoe Mfg. Goods, 

Power Plant, 


Fruit & Confectionery, 

Sup't of Schools, 

Civil Engineer, 

Retail Shoe Dealer, 




Pres. First National Bank, 




Real Estate, 

Retail Butter, Eggs & Coffee, 

Pool & Billiards, 

Druggist & Physician, 

Shoe Manufacturers Goods, 

Business College, 


Real Estate, 

Manager, Simpson Bros., 

Slipper Trimmings, 

Little Folks' Shoes, 

Contractor & Builder, 


Lunch Room, 

Real Estate, 

32 Locke Street 

210 Winter Streeet 

4 Primrose Street 

18 Lafayette Square 

91 Hale Street 

40.5 Washington Street 

39 Prospect Street, Brad. Dist. 

22 Main Street 

198 Merrimack Street 

20 Laurel Avenue, Brad. Dist. 

62 Oak Street 

260 River Street 

83 Emerson Street 

651/2 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 

470 Washington Street 

23 Merrimack Street 

118 Phoenix Row 

82 Washington Street 

356 River Street 

40 Locust Street 

88 Washington Street 

50 Phoenix Row 

99 River Street 

Georgetown, Mass. 

23 Locust Street 

22 Summit Avenue 

83 Merrimack Street 

43 Merrimack Street 

11 Water Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

13 Railroad Square 

8 Phoenix Row 

S8 Locust Street 

32 Winter Street 

City Hall 

91 Merrimack Street 

4 Main Street 

124 Washington Street 

21 Water Street 

17 Water Street 

77 Washington Street 

39 Main Street 

2 Harrison Street 

21 White Street 

73 Merrimack Street 

132 Winter Street 

24 Water Street 

42 Lafayette Square 

81 Washington Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

36 Fleet Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

85 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 

66 Washington Street 

1.53 Essex Street 

82 Locust Street 

53 Wingate Street 

4 Granite Street 

15 Emerson Street 


Durgin, A. F. 
Durkee Counter Co., 
Durkee, E. L. Leather Co., 
Duston Dye House, 
Dutra Tobacco Co., 
Eastman, Harry L., 
Eaton, Willis F., 
Edgerly, Elwin A., 
Edgerly, John H., 
Elliott, Perry E. & Co., 
Ellis-Eddy Co., 
VAVis, W. EuR'ene Co., 
Ellis & Hussey, 
Ellis, Warren M., 
Ellison, J. O., & Co., 
Emerson, Charles & Sons, 
Emerson, E. A., 
Emerson Street Bakery, 
Emery & Marshall Co., 
Emmons Bros. Co., 
Eno, L. J., 

Enterprise Shoe Store, 
Essex Brewery, 
Essex National Bank, 
Essex Sign Co., 
Essex Wood Heel Co., 
Estabrook, Archibald M., 
Evans, George H., 
Factor, Max, 
Falvey & Foley, 
Faneuil Market Co., Inc., 
Fantini, S., 
Farnsworth, S. P., 
Farrell, J. W. Emerson, 
Farrington, Helen G., 
Feinberg, Meyer J., 
Fellows Hardware Co., 
Ferrin, Dr. W. W., 
Fibre Leather Co., 
Fielden, Robert S., 
First National Bank, 
Fitts, E. A., 
Fitzgerald, M. J., 
Fitzgerald, P. J., 
Fitzgerald, M. P., 
Fitzgerald, J. H., 
Flynn, Milton F., 
Follansbee, Somerby C, 
Forbes Bros., 
Foss, H. L., 
Fowler, M. J., 
Fox, Charles K., Inc., 
Fox, Daniel G., 
Fox Bros., 
Frankle & Tilton, 
Freeman, Frank, 
Fred's Poultry Place, 
Frost, Henry, 
Frost, O. C. & Co., 

Shoe Manufacturers, 

Shoe Counters, 

Counters, Soles, Etc., 

Thomas M. Duston, Mgr., 

A. P. Wadleigh, Mgr., 


Hav. Rose Conservatory, 

With E. H. Moulton, 



Shoe Manufacturer, 

Mfgs. Boot & Shoe Findings, 

Cut Soles & Leather, 

Foreman, W. & V. O. Kimball Co., 

Coal, Wood, Grain & Hay, 

China & Glass Ware, 


Nehemiah Jackson, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 

Hat Manufacturers, 


Retail Shoe Dealers, 

Geo. W. Smith, Mgr., 

Charles A. Pingree, Pres., 

Thomas H. Boland, Mgr., 

Wood Heels, 

Wood Heels, 

Liquor Dealer, 

Ladies' Tailor & Furrier, 


Hilay Berger, 





Soles, Taps, 



Fibre Leather, 

Salad Dressing Mfr., 

Charles E. Dole, Pres., 

Insurance Agent, 

Sup't of Moth Dep't., 

Cut Soles & Leather, 

Groceries & Provisions, 

Flexible Innersoles, 

Real Estate Owner, Insurance, 

Leather Dealer, 

Building Movers, 

Box Mfr., 

Optician & Optometrist, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 


New.s Dealer, 


Jewelry Store, 

Poultry & Pets, 

Sup't of Parks, 

Top Lifts, 

54 Washington Street 

118 Phoenix Row 

40 Phoenix Row 

58 Fleet Street 

29 Washington Street 

Ayers Village 

North Main Street 

132 Essex Street 

363 Washington Street 

17 West Street 

12 Duncan Street 

139 Merrimack Street 

8 Wingate Street 

4 Walnut Street 

9 Merrimack Street, Brad. Dist. 

38 Main Street 

260 North Broadway 

32 Emerson Street 

Rear 2-20 Washington Street 

Railroad Avenue, Brad. Dist. 

67 Merrimack Street 

133 Merrimack Street 

Bradford District 

24 Merrimack Street 

Rear 104 Merrimack Street 

40 Wingate Street 

194 Essex Street 

6 Essex Street 

118 Merrimack Street 

5 Fleet Street 

45 Merrimack Street 

65 Beach Street 

95 Winter Street 

41 Main Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

33 Railroad Square 

31 Merrimack Street 

77 Emerson Street 

250 River Street 

31 Prospect Street, Brad. Dist. 

77 Washington Street 

103 Merrimack Street 

200 Kenoza Avenue 

28 Washington Street 

232 Winter Street 

45 Wingate Street 

139 Merrimack Street 

76 Washington Street 

29 Hale Street 

22 Phoenix Row 

171 Merrimack Street 

35 Duncan Street 

103 Washington Street 

200 Merrimack Street 

151 Merrimack Street 

183 Merrimack Street 

Water Street 

11 Bradford Avenue, Brad. Dist. 

118 Phoenix Row 


Frothinghani, E. G., 

Gage, Frank S., 

Gage, H. H., 

Gale Shoe Manufacturing Co., 

Galvin, James P., 

Gammon, Arthur H., 

Garbelnick, Max, 

Gardella Bros., 

Gardella, Joseph & Son, 

Gardella, Joseph W. & Co., 

Gardner, Ralph E., 

Gardner, S. Porter, 

George, Albert B., Co., 

George, Dr. Arthur P., 

George, E. H., 

George, S. W., 

George, T. H., 

Gerrish, Samuel J., 

Gianowkos & Co., 

Giles, Lewis H., 

Gilman, B. B. & Co., 

Gitterman, Henry, & Co., 

Gleason, Chauncey, 

Glines Wood Heel Co., 

Globe Counter Co., 

Glover, C. F., 

Gofstein, Alexander, 

Goodrich, Hazcn B. & Co., 

Goodsell, J. W., 

Goodwin, E. J., & Co., 

Goodwin, J. W., 

Goodwin & Cavan, 

Gordon, J. B., 

Gordon, F. G. R., 

Gorman Shoe Co., 

Gosselin, Allen M., 

Gould & Balch, 

Grad Cloak & Suit Co., 

Graham, Rev. Fr. John J., 

Granite State Spring Water Co., 

Grant, W. T. Co., 

Graves, Rufus E., General, 

Grechevsky, Louis, 

Greeley, A. W., 

Greenleaf, H. Earle, 

Greenstein, M. & Co., 

Grover, Charles H., 

Grover, F. S. C, 

Gulf Refining Co., 

Gulezian, George 0., 

Gulezian, M. H., 

Gulezian, S. H., 

Guptil, H. E., 

Hale, B. C, 

Hall, E. B. Shoe Co., 

Ham, Leslie C, 

Hamel, C. A., 

Hamlin, Frank S., 

Hanna Co., The 

Care of Real Estate, 

Shoe Manufacturer, 

With J. H. Winchell & Co., 

Shoe Manufacturers, 

Shoe Manufacturer, 


Soles, Taps, 





Pres. City Five Cent Savings Bank, 

Specialty Chemists, 





Manager Liggett & Co., 


Treas. Haverhill Trust Co., 

Straw, Leather, 

Shoe Goods, A. A. Balch, Mgr., 


Wood Heels, 

Manufacturer of Soles, 

Real Estate Dealer, 


Shoe Manufacturers, 

Meat & Provisions, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 



Chief of Fire Dept., 


Mrs. M. A. Feehan, Pres., 

General Agent B. & M. R. R. 

Insurance Agents, 

Ladies' Specialty Store, 

Pastor St. James' Church, 

Soda Water, Tonics, 

25 Cent Department Store, 


Merchant Tailor, 

Slipper Manufacturer, 

Toplifts, Shanks & Soles, 

Leather Remnants, 

Men's Clothing Store, 

Counter Manufacturer, 

Oil, Eric Halverson, Mgr., 


Variety Store, 

Groceries & Real Estate, 

Shoe Manufacturer, 


Shoe Manufacturers, 


Hamel Shoe Machinery Co., 

Insurance Agent, 

Ladies' Specialty Store, 

3 Washington Square 

92 Essex Street 

17 Locust Street 

24-34 Duncan Street 

39 Wingate Street 

1 Washington Square 

Rear 54 Wingate Street 

6 Main Street 

73 Merrimack Street 

88 River Street 

3 Water Street 

212 Mill Street 

80 Phoenix Row 

143 Main Street 

Groveland, Mass. 

45 Highland Avenue 

32 Locust Street 

143 Merrimack Street 

9 Duncan Street 

163 Merrimack Street 

82 Wingate Street 

86 Wingate Street 

419 East Broadway 

112 Phoenix Row 
40 Granite Street 

3 Orchard Street 

44 Granite Street 

70 Washington Street 

66 Essex Street 

14 Walnut Street 

81 Merrimack Street 

91 Merrimack Street 

115 Webster Street 

278 Main Street 

96 Washington Street 

Hale Street 

103 Merrimack Street 

117 Merrimack Street 

Cottage Street 

Atkinson Depot, N. H. 

152 Merrimack Street 

13 Columbia Park 

18 Water Street 

49 Washington Street 

Rear 196 Essex Street 

100 Washington Street 

85 Merrimack Street 

60 Phoenix Row 

Mill Street, Brad. Dist. 

354 Washington Street 

219 Washington Street 

2 Gulezian Place 

Winter Street 

52 Winter Street 

348 River Street 

23 Water Street 

113 Essex Street 
212 Merrimack Street 
105 Merrimack Street 


Hammond Machine Co., 
Hanscom, P. W., 
Hanscom Hardware Co., 
Hanscom, Willis H., 
Harding, Albert G., 
Harmon Bros., 
Harrison, John M., 
Harris, J. W., 
Hartman, David, 
Haseltine & Colby Shoe Co., 
Haselton, C. W. Co., 
Haseltine, E. A., 


Blacking Co., 
Box Board Co., 
Building Trust, 
Business College, 

Hav. Carpet Rem. & Uphol. Co., 
Haverhill Cement Stone Co., 
Haverhill Co-operative Bank, 
Haverhill Electric Co., 
Haverhill Gaslight Co., 
Haverhill Gazette Co.. 
Haverhill Grocery, 
Haverhill House Heating Co., 
Haverhill Last Works, 
Haverhill Leather Remnant Co., 
Haverhill Leather Scrap Co., 
Haverhill Mercantile Co., 
Haverhill Milling Co., 
Haverhill Motor Mart, 
Haverhill National Bank, 
Haverhill Rubber Co., 
Haverhill Savings Bank, 
Haverhill Shoe Stock Co., 
Haverhill Sign Co., 
Haverhill Tallow Co., 
Haverhill Tire Shop, 
Haverhill Transportation Co., 
Haverhill Trust Co., 
Haverhill Wood Heel Co., 
Hayden, S. H., 
Hayes, C. H., Corp., 
Hayes, B. W., & Co., 
Haynes, Albert S., 
Hazen Brown Co., 
Heath, A. P., 
Hewett, R. E., 
Hilliard & Tabor, 
High Street Market, 
Hill, T. R., 
Hillson & Gerber, 
Hines, P., West End Market, 
Hobson, J. L., 
Holbrook, Dr. Charles A., 
Holder, William P., 
Holmes Bakery, 
Hood, Ralph D., 
Hooker-Howe Costume Co., 
Hooke, Fred V., 


Counters, Taps, 


Counter Manufacturer, 


Pictures & Frames, 

Christian Scientist, 

Pres. Hav. Co-operative Bank, 

Shoe Manufacturer, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 

I eather Remnants, 

Electrical Construction, 

Blacking Mfrs., 

Box Board Mfrs., 

Real Estate Owners, 

W. P. Mcintosh, Prin., 

A. W. Wells, Prop., 


James G. Page, Treas., 

Frank L. Ball, Mgr., 

Frank M. Roberts, Mgr., 

Daily Newspaper, 

Angel Colocousis, 


Branch United Last Co., 

Leather Remnants, 

Everett Mitchell, 

Collection .\gents. 

Hay, Grain, etc., 

Garage, F. H. Gallup, Mgr., 

Henry H. Gilman, Pres., 

Rubber Goods, 

W. W. Spaulding, Pres., 

Shoe Trimmings, 

Arthur & William West, 

Collection Station, 

J. H. Langevin, 

S. R. Dobbie, Prop., 

Louis H. Giles, Treas., 

Wood Heels, 

Broker at Boston, 

Box Manufacturers, 

Real Estate & Railroad Tickets, 

Rep. N. E. Telephone Co., 

Shoe Cement, 

Photographers' Supplies, 


Shoe Manufacturers, 

John Coppala, Mgr., 

Top Lifts, Heels, Counters, 

Leather Remnants, 

Groceries & Provisions, 

Vice-Pres. Merrimack Nat'l Bank, 



L. M. Holmes, Prop., 

Civil Eng. Mass. N. E. St. Ry., 

Theatrical Costumes, 


End Hale Street 

59 Wingate Street 

30 Main Street 

77 Washington Street 

12 Water Street 

28 Main Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

13 Sixth Avenue 

37 Wingate Street 
113 Essex Street 
196 Essex Street 

117 Winter Street 

39 Wingate Street 

Bradford District 

99 Washington St, Boston, Mass. 

72 Merrimack Street 

60 Fleet Street 

Bradford District 

9 Emerson Street 

121 Merrimack Street 

28-30 Washington Square 

179 Merrimack Street 

33-35 Locke Street 

97 Washington Street 

50 Wingate Street 

66 Phoenix Row 

5 Potter Street 

3 WasMUgton Square 

190 Essex Street 

Merrill's Court 

191 Merrimack Street 

13 Merrimack Street 

153 Merrimack Street 

50 Wingate Street 

11 Merrimack Street 

72 Hale Street 

119 Lafayette Square 

33 Hale Street 

168 Merrimack Street 

Island Park, Bradford District 

30 Westland Terrace 

36 Granite Street 

Railroad Square 

9 Fifth Avenue 

31 Wingate Street 

78 Merrimack Street 

164 Washington Street 

Rear 262 Winter Street 

911/2 High Street 

38 Wingate Street 
50 Wingate Street 

246 Essex Street 

8 Maple Avenue 

50 Merrimack Street 

7 Merrimack Street 

170 Salem Street, Brad. Dist. 

3 Hawthorne Street, Brad. Dist. 

30 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 

188 Merrimack Street 


Hopkins & Ellis, 

Home, Charles H., 

Hovey, L. R., 

How, William E., 

Howard, John P., 

Howe, H. S., 

Howe & Fenlon, 

Howes, Enoch H., 

Hoyt, Charles M., 

Hoyt, Charles N., & Son, 

Hoyt, George H., & Son, 

Hoyt, George O., 

Hui)bell, Dr. Adelbert M., 

Hunkins, W. O., & Co., 

Hurd, F. E., 

Hynes, E. F., 

Ideal Cloak Co., 

Island Box Co., 

Jacobs, Arthur T., 

Jacques, J. H., 

Jaques & Potter Power Plant, 

Jennings & Marble, 

Jones, Byron Howard, 

Jonas, Joseph & Co., 

Jones, Boyd B., 

Jordan, Samuel A., 

Kaffin Bros., 

Kalnewitz, A. E., 

Kaplovitch, Dr. Henry, 

Karelis Shoe Co., 

Karelitz, Morris, 

Kaulbach, C. H., 

Kearney, Dr. J. J., 

Keaveny, Michael, 

Keeler, Harley G., 

Keighley, Norman, 

Keith, Irving L., 

Kelleher, Michael J., 

Kelleher, P. J., 

Kelleher, Rev. Fr. John F., 

Kelleher, T. J., 

Kelly Bros., 

Kelly, C. O., 

Kelly, George J., Co., 

Kelly, P. J., 

Kempton, E. J., Co., 

Kennedy & Co., 

Kenney, D. J., 

King Hat Store, 

Kimball, George E., 

Kimball, Herbert W., 

Kimball, Hall & Loomis, 

Kimball, Leonard H., 

Kimball, L., & Son, 

Kimball, W. & V. O., 

King Toy Low, 

King, Dr. J. S., 

Knights-Allen Co., Inc., 

Knipe Bros., Inc., 

Shoe Manufacturers, 

Soles, Leather, 

Haverhill Record, 


Mfr. of Condiments, 

Real Estate, 




Real Estate & Lumber, 

Paper Box Mfrs., 

Real Estate, 


Slipper Manufacturers, 



Cloaks, Suits, 

Wood Boxes, 

City Treasurer & Tax Collector, 



Bradford Wet Wash, 

Electrical Contractor, 

Leather Remnants, 


With Fred W. Peabody, 

Stitching Room, 



Shoe Manufacturers, 

Real Estate & Rug Manufacturer, 




Heel Manufacturer, 


Shoe Findings, 



Pastor Sacred Hearts' Church, 

Billiards & Pool, 

Contractors & Builders, 

Insurance Agent, 

Heels, Paste & Leather, 


Men's Clothing, 

Butter Cheese & Eggs, 

Ladies' Specialty Store, 

Gaston H. Roberts, Mgr., 

Real Estate & Insurance, 





Shoe Manufacturers, 

Chinese Restaurant, 


Shoe Manufacturers, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 

Rear 98 Washington Street 

Essex Street 

25 Locust Street 

27 Washington Sq'iare 

21 Kingsbury Avenue, Brad. Dist. 

8 Fernwood Avenue, Brad. Dist. 

52 Washington Street 

98 Webster Street 

218 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 

723 Main Street 

250 River Street 

20 Edwards Street 

22 Merrimack Street 

143 Essex Street 

97 Cedar Street 

57 Merrimack Street 

17 Washington Street 

Island Park, Bradford District 

City Hall 

17 Essex Street 

67 Washington Street 

Rear 196 Essex Street 

146 Washington St., So. Groveland 

16 Washington Street 

530 Exchange Bldg.. Boston, Mass. 

7 Washington Square 

41 Washington Street 

43 Washington Street 

50 Merrimack Street 

1 Beach Street 

102 Pilling Street 

28 Main Street 

91 Merrimack Street 

210 Primrose Street 

56 Essex Street 

1 Railroad Square 

92-94 Washington Street 

142 Main Street 

154 Winter Street 

6 Carleton Avenue, Brad. Dist. 

29 Washington Square 

30 Pleasant Street 

103 Merrimack Street 

48 Phoenix Row 

97 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 

97 Merrimack Street 

140 Merrimack Street 

22 Merrimack Street 

123 Merrimack Street 

37 Merrimack Street 

13 Main Street 

69 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 

East Haverhill 

79 Merrimack Street 

4 Walnut Street 

63 Merrimack Street 

6 Emerson Street 

141 Essex Street 

Ward Hill 


Knowles, L. L., 

Kostas Shoe Trimming Co., 

Kritter, E. R., 

Lafayette Square Pharmacy, 

Lagasse, Emil, 

Lahey, Thos. H., 

Laing, John L., 

Lamond, Thomas, 

Lancy, John, Jr., 

Lane, J. C, 

Larkin, Dr. Richard B., 

Lawton, Louis C, 

Lea, L, 

Leach, Arthur E., 

Leary, John C, 

Leavitt, George B., 

Leavitt, Louis M., 

Leavitt, P. E. & Co., 

LeBosquet, Moore Co., 

Lefebvre, George E., 

Legare, Francois X., 

LeGro, Dr. L. B., 

Leighton, B. F., & Co., 

Leighton, Harold D., 

Leighton, Harry W., 

Leith, Frank, & Son., 

Lennox, Joseph L., 

Lennox & Briggs Co., Inc., 

Leonard, Dr. John B., 

Leslie Dry Goods Co., 

Levis, S. J., 

Lewis, H. E., 

Libcrty-Durgin, Inc., 

Littlcfield, Walter D., & Co., 

Loose-Wiles Biscuit Co., 

Lougee, Edwin A., 

Lynch, John A. Co., 

Maehling, Albert C, 

McDougall, Dr. D., 

MacKinnon, Dr. F. A., 

MacManus, James J., 

Mahoney, C. C, 

Majestic Theatre, 

Malbon Shoe Co., Inc., 

Manhattan Market, 

Manning, E. A., 

Manning, J. A., Shoe Mfg. Co., 

Manikus, Socrates H., 

Marin, J., & Co., 

Marshall Bros., 

Martin, George Willard, 

Martin, Howard E., 

Martin, O. A., 

Martin, O. L., 

Mason, Geo. F., 

Mass. Baking Co., 

Mass. N. E. Street Railway Co., 

Mazer, Hyman, 

McAree Bros., 


Leather Remnants, 


Frank H. Simard, 


Granite Contractor, 

Individual Family Laundry, 

Plumbing & Heating, 

Shoe Manufacturer, 


Dental Surgeon, 

City Engineer, 

Shirt Manufacturer, 

City Auditor, 

G. B. Leavitt Co., Shoe Mfrs., 

G. B. Leavitt Co., Shoe Mfrs., 

Builder & Contractor, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 

Horse Shoeing, 

Horse Shoeing, 

Dentist & Physician, 

Wholesale Groceries, 


Retail Shoe Dealer, 


Lennox-Nagle Leather Co., 

Morocco Mfrs., 


Department Store, 

Groceries & Provisions, 

Shoe Manufacturer, 

Manufacturers Gov't Equipment, 

Job Printers, 

C. J. Gardner, Manager, 

Shoe Repairing, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 


Physician & Surgeon, 





Jacob Bloomfield, 

Groceries & Meats, 

Cigar Manufacturer, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 

Groceries & Provisions, 

Coal & Grain, 

Contracting Masons, 


Electrical Supplies, 

Wood Heels, 


Fitz Bros. Co., 

George & Joseph St. Pierre, 

Franklin Woodman, Gen. Mgr., 

Tailor & Furrier, 


30 Emerson Street 

15-17 Railroad Square 

28-32 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 

37 Lafayette Square 

Cor. High & Central Streets 

42 Kenoza Avenue 

Kimball Street, Brad. Dist. 

53 Kingsbury Avenue, Brad. Dist. 

153 Essex Street 

122 Emerson Street 

22 Merrimack Street 

City Hall 

15 Main Street 

City Hall 

20 Duncan Street 

20 Duncan Street 

59 Pilling Street 

153 Essex Street 

Rear 37 Washington Street 

22 Walnut Street 

Hale Street 

50 Merrimack Street 

Batchelder Street 

18 Granite Street 

160 Merrimack Street 

648 Primrose Street 

Berwick, Maine 

24 Duncan Street 

3 Washington Square 

28-40 Merrimack Street 

59-61 Franklin Street 

14 Walnut Street 

21 Hale Street 

112 Washington Street 

30 Ferry Street, Brad. Dist. 

42 Emerson Street 

61 Wingate Street 

9 Washington Street 

131 Main Street 

103 Merrimack Street 

20 Fleet Street 

28 Locust Street 

61 Washington Street 

27 Essex Street 

16 Emerson Street 

59 Merrimack Street 

145 Essex Street 

40 Locke Street 

Rear 262 Winter Street 

1 Euclid Avenue, Brad. Dist. 

115 Merrimack Street 

60 Fleet Street 

145 Essex Street 

Webster Street 

Auburn, Maine 

8 Lafayette Square 

50 Merrimack Street 

26 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 

89 Washington Street 


McAree, Dr. Doniinick J., 
McCann Furniture Co., 
McCarthy, M. H., & Co., 
McCarthy & Malcolm, 
McComiick, Perry Shoe Co., 
McCuen, Dr. Charles N., 
McDonald, A. S., 
McDonald, William J., 
McFee, Dr. W. D., 
, McGregor, Fred D., 
Mclnnis, George A., 
McKeen, Archie S., 
McKeen, Edwin E., 
McKeigue, William J., 
McLaughlin, Dr. Arthur O., 
McLaughlin, Misses 
McNamara, L. F., 
McNeill, James A., 
Mears, Fred W., Heel Co., 
Melvin, A. A., 
Mencis, A., 
Mencis, Benjamin, 
Mercille, Dr. Joseph M., 
Merrimack National Bank, 
Merryman, Walter R., 
Middleton, Ernest, 
Milhendler, William, 
Miller, E. C, 
Miller & Busfield, 
Miller, Max, 
Mills, Roscoe S., 
Mills & McClintock, 
Misak & Moses Co., 
Mitchell, Robert 
Mitchell & Co., 
Mitchell, John H., 
Mitchell, Thomas W., 
Moberley, William R., 
Mohican Co., 

Monfils & Murphy Machine Co., 
Moore, R. Forrest, 
Moran, James E., 
Moriarty, Bartholomew J., 
Morse, H. F., 
Morse, C. 0., 
Morse & Proctor, 
Morse, Silas L., 
Motor Car Supply Co., 
Mosher, Fred L., 
Moulton, E. H., 
Moulton, John G., 
Moxcey & Johnson, 
Murphy, E. H., & Co., 
Murphy, John E., 
Murray Bros. Co., 
Murray, Horace W., & Co., 
Murray & Dugdale, 
Mysel, Dr. Hymen A., 
Nash, Dr. A. W., 




Shoe Manufacturers, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 

Physician & Surgeon, 

Stamp Business, 



Retail Shoe Dealer, 

Real Estate, 


Soles, Toplifts, 



Haverhill Laundry, 

Shoe Manufacturer, 


Wood Heels, 


Innersoles & Taps, 

Meats & Groceries, 


Arthur P. Tenney, Cashier, 



Leather Remnants, 

F. M. Hodgdon Stitching Room, 


Shoe Trimmings, 

Real Estate, 

Plumbing & Heating, 


Salesman, Haverhill Boxboard Co., 

Department Store, 


With Mitchell & Co., 

Bootblack, Prof. Bill, 

Groceries & Meats, 


With Wilson & Co., 

Business Mgr. Haverhill Gazette, 


Pictures & Frames, 


Soles & Taps, 

Probation Officer, 

Hugo A. Ramberg, Mgr., 

Electrical Contractor, 

Wholesale Beef & Provisions, 

Librarian Public Library, 

Wall Paper & Painting, 



Wholesale Grocers, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 




:57 Merrimack Street 

01 Merrimack Street 

63 Essex Street 

357 River Street 

260 River Street 

7 Main Street 

206 Merrimack Street 

103 Merrimack Street 

3 Washington Square 

18 Washington Square 

174 Merrimack Street 

66 Merrimack Street 

47 Wingate Street 
173 Salem Street, Brad. Dist. 

120 Emerson Street 

55 Main Street 

85 Essex Street 

52 Fleet Street 

18 Granite Street 

61 White Street 

25 Railroad Square 

30 How Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

20 Washington Street 

21 Kensington Avenue, Brad. Dist. 

161 Washington Street 

33 Railroad Square 

14 Walnut Street 

53 Essex Street 

98 Phoenix Row 

103 Merrimack Street 

22 Main Street 

54 Emerson Street 

49 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 

76-82 Merrimack Street 

194 Winter Street 

78 Merrimack Street 

116 Washington Street 

149 Merrimack Street 

48 Wingate Street 
201 Essex Street 

179 Merrimack Street 

21 Emerson Street 

44 Emerson Street 

40 Locust Street 

29 Granite Street 

7 Bartlett Street 

23 Emerson Street 

Essex Street 

132 Essex Street 

14 Mt. Vernon Street 

32 Main Street 

51 White Street 

16 Primrose Street 

Stevens Street 

208 River Street 

29 Water Street 

310 Washington Street 

50 Merrimack Street 


Nason, Alfred K., 

Nason, A. L., 

Nason & Phillips, 

Natho, Gustav, 

National Butter Co., 

National Innersole Co., 

National Window Cleaning, 

National Wood Heel Co., 

Nealley, George P., 

Nelson Bros. 

Nelson, F. E., & Co., 

Newcomb, Charles R., 

Newton, S. H., 

Newburg Shoe Co., Inc., 

New Eng. Tel. & Tel. Co., 

N. E. Wood Heel & Unit'd Lea. Co., 

New York Confectionery Co., 

Nichols, George (2nd) 

Nichols, George P., 

Nichols & Gilpin, 

Nichols & Morse, 

Nickett & Vallicaro, 

Noble, Charles B., 

Noonan, Edward J., 

Norwood, Granville M., 

Nott, Edward E., 

Noyes, George W., 

Noyes, Horace N., Inc., 

Noyes Paper Co., 

Noyes, Ray N., 

Noyes, Raymond 

O'Connell, George, & Co., 

Odiorne, John W., 

O'Leary, Michael, 

Olenick, Sam, 

O'Neill, Cornelius J., 

Oriental Restaurant, 

Ornsteen, M. T. Leather Co., 

Orpheum Theatre, 

O'Shea, John J., 

O'Toole, Dr. John L., 

Owens, John, & Co., 

Owen, E. C, & Son, 

P. & Q. Shop, 

Page, Benjamin I., 

Page, James G., 

Painchaud, P. J. Alfred, & Son, 

Palmer, Charles A., 

Palmer, George W., 

Parent, Arthur C, 

Parks, J. Edwards, 

Parshley, Arthur F., 

Patterson, James & Co., 

Payson, George W., 

Pazzanese, Joseph, 

Peabody, Fred W., 

Pearlmutter, Simon, 

Peaslee, Edson E., 

Peel, David Wilson, 

Automobiles, Trucks, Painting, 

Representative General Court, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 


Butter, Eggs, etc., 



Bertha H. Emery, Prop., 

Insurance Agent, 

Groceries & Meats, 

Department Store, 

Real Estate, 


Shoe Manufacturers, 

F. G. Bennett, Mgr., 

Louis Gorevitz, Prop., 

John Kyriax, Mgr., 

Merrimack Ice Co., 

Candy & Ice Cream, 


Men's Clothing, 

Furniture Dealers, 

Shoe Crimping, 



Shoe Factory Foreman, 

Treas, City Five Cent Sav. Bank, 

Jewelry & Pianos, 



Treas. Haverhill Savings Bank, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 



Inner Soles, 

Insurance & Real Estate, 

Chinese Restaurant, 

Shoe Trimmings, 
Stock Leather, 

Wood & Paper Boxes, 
Plumbing & Heating, 

F. J. Santry, Mgr., Clothing Store, 

Cashier Hav. National Bank, 





Meat & Groceries, 

Lunch Carts, 

Shoe Contractor, 

Fruit Dealer, 

Custom Shoes, 

Custom Tailor, 

Music Store, 

Dry Goods, 

Saw Mill, 

Optician & Optometrist, 

West Boxford, Mass. 
65 Laurel Avenue, Brad. Dist. 
260 River Street 
9 Curtis Avenue, Brad. Dist. 
90 Merrimack Street 
365 River Street 
33 Main Street 
32 Locke Street 
66 Merrimack Street 
2 Water Street 
176 Merrimack Street 
50 Merrimack Street 
149 Elm Street, Brad. Dist. 
258 River street 
14 How Streeet 
365 River Street 
144 Merrimack Street 
22 Washington Street 
183 Merrimack Street 
28 Wingate Street 
56-62 Merrimack Street 
12 Pecker Street 
25 Washington Street 
13 Union Street 
3 Washington Square 
3 Vine Street 
48 Washington Street 
71 Merrimack Street 
64 Washington Street 
53 Howard Street 
153 Merrimack Street 
98 Phoenix Row 
74 White Street 
12 How Street 
365 River Street 
191 Merrimack Street 
194 Merrimack Street 
76 Phoenix Row 
7-9 Essex Street 
2 Phoenix Row 
112 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 
348 River Street 
53 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 
109 Merrimack Street 
191 Merrimack Street 
9 Emerson Street 
216-218 Essex Street 
Saunders Hill 
47 Salem Street, Brad. Dist. 
137 Lafayette Square 
7 Carleton Avenue, Brad. Dist. 
Rear 22 Washington Street 
Essex & Granite Sts. 
20 Emerson Street 
79 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 
Washington Square 
51 River Street 
150 North Avenue 
26 Merrimack Street 


Pentucket Shoe Store, 

Pentucket Mills, 

Peoples House Furnishing Co., 

People's Coal Co., 

Perkins, Dr. Harry B., 

Perkins, James A., 

Perry, Austin H., Co., 

Pesprikos, James, 

Peters, Cole, Magison & Barrett, 

Pethybridge, H. M., 

Pettigrew, Bright & Co., 

Pettengill, Ernest E., 

Philbrick, L. 0., 

Pickard, B. T., Co., 

Pierce, Dr. F. B., 

Pingree, Ransom C, 

Pitcher, Dr. H. F., 

Pleasant St. Bowling Alleys, 

Plumstead, H. T., 

Poore & Abbott, 

Poore, Charles Herbert, 

Poor, Isaac, 

Popoff, Dr. Constantine, 

Porell, Dr. William I., 

Porter, Charles B., 

Portors, Frank W., 

Powers, Gardner L., 

Prescott, E. C, & Co., 

Primack, Bennie, 

Priest, A. Franklin, 

Pure Food Bakery, 

Puritan Lunch Co., 

Quality Saw Co., 

Quality Shoe Store, 

Quality Press, The 

Quality Wood Heel Co., 

Quincy Market, 

Railroad Square Smoke Shop, 

Rand, F. N., 

Rand, Howard B., 

Ray Dollar Store, 

Ray, Dr. John Z., 

Raymond, Fred O., 

Rayisian, Harry, 

Red Dragon Cigar Co., 

Redman, C. E., 

Reed, Melvin H., 

Regan's Auto Supply Shop, 

Renton Motor Car Co., 

Rich, William R., 

Richard, Alfred, 

Richey Drug Store, 

Rickard Shoe Co., The 

Riker-Jaynes Co., 

Riley, A. E., 

Rines, C. E., 

Roberts, Alexander, Jr., 

Roberts, L. H., 

Roberts, W. W., 

Shoe Dealers, 

M. T. Stevens & Sons Co., 





Shoe Manufacturers, 



Sole Leather, 


Jewelry & Cameras, 

Manager Shoe Finding Store, 

Ice Cream & Confectionery, 




John A. C. McKay, Mgr., 

Boot-Shoe Patterns, 



Member Water Board, 






Upper Leather, 

Groceries & Provisions, 

Clerk, Cent. Dist. Court, No. Essex 

J. J. Thompson, 


Saw Mfrs., 

Max Stolzberg, Prop., 

Chas. H. Potter, Mgr., Printers, 

Walter J. O'Brien, Mgr., 

David Salovitch, Prop., 

Haverhill Taxicab Co., 

Real Estate & Insurance, 


Dry Goods, 


Deputy Sheriff, 

Fruit Dealer, 

Fred W. Burrill, Mgr., 

News Dealer, 

Harness Maker, 

Edward D. Regan, 

Agents for Vim Trucks, 

Circulation Mgr. Haverhill Record 

Groceries, Meats, 


Shoe Manufacturers, 


Wet Wash, 


Junk Dealer, 


City Clerk, 

15 Washington Street 

J. A. Currier, Supt., Winter Street 

6-12 Merrimack Street 

142 Washington Street 

125 Main Street 

47 Merrimack Street 

280 River Street 

73 Essex Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

.53 Washington Street 

25 Washington Square 

19 Merrimack Street 

108 Washington Street 

20 Winter Street 

132 Main Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

50 Merrimack Street 

8 Pleasant Street 

110 Washington Street 

50 Merrimack Street 

Box 3, Bradford District 

40 Salem Street, Brad. Dist. 

158 Main Street 

3 Washington Square 

46 Winter Street 

144 Lafayette Square 

81 Washington Street 

35 Railroad Square 

27 Kenoza Avenue 

36 Main Street 

35 Locust Street 

214 Merrimack Street 

91 Hale Street 

137 Merrimack Street 

69 Merrimack Street 

210 River Street 

38 Water Street 

Rear 108 Merrimack Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

85 Merrimack Street 

88 Merrimack Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

2 Lafayette Square 

4 Locust Street 

1 Water Street 

29 Main Street 

Walnut Street 

32 Elm Street 

62 Lowell Avenue 

222 Essex Street 

124 Winter Street 

113 Essex Street 

1 Merrimack Street 

210 River Street 

941/2 Main Street 

43 Hale Street 

3V2 White Street 

City Hall 


Roche, James E., 

Root, William Henry, 

Rosengard & Cook, 

Rosengard Furniture Co., 

Ross & Baker Wood Heel Co., 

Royal Shoe Store, 

Rowe & Emerson Co., 

Ruddock Shoe Co., 

Ruel, Dr. Joseph A., 

Russ, John W., 

Russ, F. H., 

Ryan, John J., 

S. & S. Shoe Co., 

Sadowitz, Morris, 

Saltz, David J., 

Sansoucie, George, 

Sargent, Charles B., 

Sample Saving System, Inc., 

Savage, L. D., 

Sawyer, Herbert R., 

Sawyer, J. B., 

Sayward, J. H., 

Schlafman, Moses H., 

Schreiber, Dr. Eugene, 

Seale, Thomas H., 

Seavey, C. H., 

Seavey, George E., 

Sederquist, D. N., 

Segal Finishing Co., 

Senno, Emilo, 

Servetnick, S., 

Shannon, E. F., 

Shannon, C. E., 

Shattuck, A. L., 

Shaw, Robert, 

Sheridan Bros., 

Shevenell, John L., 

Shevenell, Prosper, 

Shohet, Dr. David, 

Short, J. M., 

Shugrue Market, 

Shute, Percy Harold, 

Silver Leaf Baking Co., 

Silverman, Jacob, 

Simas Drug Co., 

Simonds & Adams, 

Simons, James, 

Singer Sewing Machine Co., 

Sinotte, Louis J., 

Slipper City Toplift Co., 

Slipper City Wood Heel Co., 

Slavitt, Max S., 

Slocomb & Greenlay Co., 

Small, Harry F., 

Smart, Harris A., 

Smith Bros. Printing Co., 

Smith, Forrest V., 

Smith, Fred A., 

Smith, W. B. & L, & Co., 

Groceries & Provisions, 

W. A. & H. A. Root, Inc., Cont'rs. 

Shoes & Shoe Trimmings, 


Wood Heels, 

Retail Shoes, H. L. Platz, Mgr. 

Men's Clothing, 

Shoe Manufacturers, 


Real Estate, 

Real Estate, 


S. Shapiro, Mgr., 


Real Estate, 

Meats & Groceries, 


Manufacturers Mounted Samples, 

Sup't City Farm, 

Auto Supplies, 



News Dealer, 


Lunch Cart, 

Bicycles & Phonographs, 

Bicycles & Phonographs, 


Finishing Leather, 


Shoe Trimmings, Innersoles, Taps, 

Contractor & Builder, 

Fish Market, 



Shoe Manufacturers, 




Merchant Tailor, 

Meats & Groceries, 

Puritan Lunch, 


Real Estate, 

T. E. Lynch, Mgr., 

Department Store, 

Wall Paper-Paints-Painting, 

Machinery, Perley C. Blake, Mgr., 


Ernest Dumas, Mgr., 

James S. Moore, Prop., 

Real Estate, 

Shoe Supplies, 

Electrical Inspector, 

Shoe Manufacturer, 



Shoe Counter Manufacturer, 

Department Store, 

42 Primrose Street 

1 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. 

25 Railroad Square 

208 Merrimack Street 

63 Fleet Street 

1891/2 Merrimack Street 

68 Merrimack Street 

143 Essex Street 

14 Main Street 
130 Broadway 

71 Emerson Street 

165 Merrimack Street 

365 River Street 

25 Washington Square 

94 Emerson Street 

236 Essex Street 

35 Auburn Street 

159 Essex Street 

City Farm 

18 Fleet Street 

571 Salem Street, Brad. Dist. 

21 Washington Street 

45 Washington Street 

15 How Street 
17 Chadwick Street, Brad. Dist. 

35 Washington Street 

50 Emerson Streeet 

154 Merrimack Street 

Vila Street 

lOG Washington Street 

33 Railroad Square 

80 Howard Street 

14 Fleet Street 

39 Nichols Street 

7 Washington Street 

95 Essex Street 

151 Essex Street 

151 Essex Street 

210 Merrimack Street 

174 Merrimack Street 

195 Elm Street, Brad. Dist. 

Railroad Square 

Kimball Street, Brad. Dist. 

348 Washington Street 

Main St., cor of White Street 

42-54 Merrimack Street 

173 Washington Street 

153 Essex Street 

81 Essex Street 

184 River Street 

12 Duncan Street 

89 Emerson Street 

12 Walnut Street 

City Hall 

69 Washington Street 

104 Washington Street 

83 Merrimack Street 

35 Granite Street 

94-98 Merrimack Street 


Smith, W. C, 

Smith, Fred R., 

Smith, H. W., 

Smith & Norman, 

Smith & Palmer, 

Snelling, H. S., 

Snow White Family Laundry, 

Sonoma Stables, 

Spaulding, W. W., 

Splaine, R. A., Co., 

Sproull, Dr. John, 

Stanford, James, 

Stansfield, Bram, 

Stansfield, Dr. Howarth, 

Starensier, S., 

Stevens, Charles L. & Co., 

Stevens & Dow, 

Stickney, Albert E., 

Stiles, Franklin P., 

Stiles, George B., 

Stockbridge Shoe Co., 

Stone, Dr. T. N., 

Stover, J. M., 

St. Onge, Arthur R., 

Strand Theatre, 

Sullivan, E. E., & Co., 

Sullivan, Edward F., 

Sullivan, Dr. F. A., 

Sullivan, J. J., 

Sumner Counter Co., 

Swartz Bros., 

Swett, Fred F., 

Swett, M. E., 

Swett, P. C, 

Tabor, John E., 

Tabor, M. E., 

Tapin, W. Homer, 

Tapley, I. W., 

Taylor-Goodwin Co., 

Taylor, E. W. B., 

Taylor, H. L., & Co., 

Taylor, William B., 

Teichman, Albert F., 

Temple, Charles L., 

Tessier & Bowdoin, 

Tenney, M. G., Co., 

Thom Hat Co., 

Thompson, Avard G., 

Thompson, F. J., Inc., 

Thompson & Randall, 

Thorndike Hotel, 

Thurston, G. H., 

Thurston, Ralph M., 

Tilton, Sawyer & Cogswell, 

Tozier, N. C, & Co., 

Tracy, Edward M., 

Trask, Robert D., 

Tremblay, M. J., 

Triedman, L., 




Fish Dealers, 

Retail Meats, Etc., 

Agent American Express Co., 


S. D. Collins, 

Pres. Haverhill Savings Bank, 


Physician & Surgeon, 


Pentucket Laundry, 


Leather Remnants, 

Cut Soles, Leather, 




Plumbing & Heating, 

Slipper Manufacturers, 



Men's Clothing, 


Slipper Manufacturers, 





Leather Dealers, 

Shoe Manufacturer, 

Toplifts & Leather, 

Real Estate Owner, 


Groceries & Provisions, 


Wood & Paper Boxes, 

Coal, Wood & Lumber, 

Real Estate, 


Clothes Cleaning & Shoe Shining, 



Shoe Contractors, 

Shoe Trimmings, 

Hat Manufacturers, 


Shoe Manufacturers, 

Retail Bakery, 


Groceries & Provisions, 

Meats & Provisions, 



Cigars, Pool, 


Retail Groceries, 


91 Merrimack Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

420 Water Street 

11 Court Street 

61 Locust Street 

113 Washington Street 

611/2 White Street 

Locust Street 

54 Park Street 

32 Fleet Street 

50 Merrimack Street 

150 Winter Street 

Bridge Street 

70 Merrimack Street 

21 Railroad Square 

115 Essex Street 

Locust & Winter Streets 

73 North Broadway 

91 Washington Street 

Groveland, Mass. 

18 Granite Street 

27 White Street 

120 Broadway 

25 Essex Street 

135 Merrimack Street 

16 Walnut Street 

71 Essex Street 

3 Washington Square 

140 Winter Street 

78 Wingate Street 

100 Phoenix Row 

34 Duncan Street 

321/2 Locke Street 

39 Summer Street 

547 Main Street 

48 Winter Street 

64 White Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

Bradford District 

46 Summer Street 

201 Water Street 

12 Winter Street 

70 Washington Street 

155 Winter Street 

50 Phoenix Row 

59 Washington Street 

270 River Street 

45 Rutherford Avenue 

46-48 Essex Street 

61 Emerson Street 

2-12 Washington Street 

2 Merrimack Street 

Main & Bridge Streets 

191 Merrimack Street 

138 Washington Street 

40 Winter Street 

3 Washington Square 

64 Lafayette Square 

388 Washington Street 


Tuck, William 0., 

Tucker, F. E., & Son., 

Ty La Products, 

Tyrie, W. G., 

Union Clothing Co., 

United Cigar Stores Co., 

United Die Block Co., 

United Shoe Machinery Co., 

Varney Studio, 

Vaughn, Harry S., 

Veasey, Arthur Hale, 

Veasey, A. D., 

Villeneuve, I. M., & Co., 

Villeneuve, Joseph, 

Vovulis Bros., 

W. & M. Innersoles Co., 

Wade, A. R., & Co., 

Wade Printing Concern, 

Waldron, T. F., 

Wales, A. L., 

Walker, Clarence, & Co., 

Walker, Alonzo B., 

Walker, Arthur W., 

Walker, C. L., 

Ward Hill Garage, 

Wason, George M., 

Watson, F. E., 

Watnick, Louis, 

Webber Shoe Co., 

Webster, George H., 

Webster, Ira J., Co., Inc., 

Webster, Willard P., 

Weiners' Fur Store, 

Weinstein, Meyer, 

Welsh, Patrick T., 

Welch Press, The 

Wells & Hale, 

Wentworth, E. C, 

Wentworth-Swett Co., 

West, T. H., 

West, W. H., 

W. H. & Webster Jones Co., 

White, Charles D., 

White & Durgin, 

Whittier, Henry, & Son, 

Whittier, Henry B., 

Whittemore, I. B., 

Wiggin, Fred L., 

Wildes, C. M., 

Wilson, F. C, Co., 

Wilson, James W., 

Winchell, J. H., & Co., Inc., 

Winchester, H. W. Co., 

Wineburg, Charles, 

Wingate Shoe Corporation, 

Winn & Mitchell, 

Winn & Bailey, 

Winter, Ernest H., 

Witham, A. C, 

Art Goods, Stationer, 


Metal Stamping, 




Die Blocks & Wood Heels, 

Machinery, A. E. Smith, Mgr., 

John C. Varney, 


Woolen Manufacturer, 

Groveland Woolen Mills, 


Groceries & Provisions, 



Wood Heels, 


Fibre Counters, 


Soles, Counters, etc., 

With C. K. Pox Co., 

Shoe Contractor, 

Meats & Groceries, 

M. A. Jaffarian, 

Wood Heels, 

Real Estate & Insurance, 


Howard L. Webber, 

Soles & Counter Mfr., 

Shoe Manufacturer, 

Gold & Silver Leaf Stamping, 


The Quality Shop, Ladies' Spec. Store, 

Lunch Cart, 



Gen. Mgr. C. H. Hayes Corp., 

Shoe Manufacturers. 

Cider Manufacturer, 

Shoe Contractor, 

Storage Batteries. 






Caterer, Ice Cream, 

Wood Heels, 



Shoe Manufacturers, 



Shoe Manufacturers, 


Auto Repairing, 


Wood Heels, 

67 Merrimack Street 

168 Merrimack Street 

63 Fleet Street 

28 How Street 

184 Merrimack Street 

1 Main Street 

20 Locke Street 

145 Essex Street 

69 Merrimack Street 

64 Fleet Street 

4 Windsor Street 

4 Windsor Avenue 

26 Lafayette Square 

295 River Stret 

57 White Street 

Vila Street 

86 Washington Street 

31 Washington Street 

54 Wingate Street 
16 King Street, Groveland 

8 Phoenix Row 

44 Highland Avenue 

153 Essex Street 

181 Washington Street 

Ward Hill 

112 Phoenix Row 
73 Merrimack Street 

7 Potter Place 

113 Essex Etreet 
153 Essex Street 

Vila Street 

104 Washington Street 

134 Merrimack Street 

102 Merrimack Street 

9 Grant Street 

Rear 108 Merrimack Street 

50 Merrimack Street 

36 Granite Street 

23 Locust Street 

85 Millvale Road 

12 Phoenix Row 

Auburn Street 

125 Merrimack Street 

81 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 

69 Water Street 

277 Groveland Street 

189 Essex Street 

6 Pleasant Street 

64 Wingate Street 

53 Merrimack Street 

30 Pleasant Street 

17 Locust Street 

62 Washington Street 

40-44 Granite Street 

23 Locust Street 

115 Merrimack Street 

Central Street, Brad. Dist. 

Rear 59 Main Street 

55 Wingate Street 


Witham, B. N., 
Witham, Carleton C, 
Witherell & Dobbins, 
Woo:i, Fred A., 
Wood, Roswell L., 
Wood, W. H., Sons, 
Wood-Dunnells Co., 
Woodbury, Chester T., 
Woodbury & McLeod, 
Woodcock & Shute, 
Woolworth, F. W., & Co., 
Worcester, H. D., & Co., 
Wright, Robert L., 
Wyer, B. P., & Co., 
Young, Frank E., 
Young, Lewis J., 
Young, M. P., 
Young, Charles F., 

Wood Heels, 

Contractor <& Builder, 

Shoe Manufacturer, 

Shoe Repairing, 


Ice & Furniture Moving, Real Est., 

Soda & Mineral Waters. 




Department Store, 


Treas, Haverhill Gazette, 


Soles, Taps, 

Willett's Restaurant, 

Ice Cream & Confectionery, 

Auto Repairing & Painting, 

70 Phoenix Row 

Merrimac, Mass. 

145 Essex Street 

39 Water Street 

14 Stage Street 

60 Coffin Ave., & 3 Washington Sq. 

71 Locust Street 

191 Merrimack Street 

47 Merrimack Street 

8 Essex Street 

74 Merrimack Street 

18 Granite Street 

179 Merrimack Street 

49 Main Street, Brad. Dist. 

62 Fleet Stret 

12 Main Street 

7 White Street 

496 Main Street 



There is no institution in which Haverhill takes 
more pride, or which has reflected more credit upon 
the city, that the Bradford Academy. It is the oldest 
institution in New England for the higher education 
of women, and was established in 1803 by parishon- 
ers of the Congregational church of Bradford, and 
until 1836 was co-educational. In its beginning it 
was a local institution and intended to satisfy the 
demand of the little town of Bradford. Its unusual 
advantages early drew students from all over New 
England and for many decades the patronage has 
been national. More than 7000 students have at- 
tended the school, and throughout its history it has 
been fortunate in having on its Board of Trustees 

men and women of unusual capacity and devotion 
to the interests of Bradford. Miss Laura A. Knott, 
A. M., is now principal of the Academy. The mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees are: 

Rev. Raymond Calkins, D. D., President; Her- 
bert W. Mason, A. B., Secretary; Lewis Kennedy 
Morse, A. B., Treasurer; Cornelia Warren, Rev. 
Charles W. Huntington, D. D., Doane Cogswell, A. 
M., Herbert J. Brown, A. B., George Herbert Palmer, 
LL. D., John Wells Morss, A. M., Mary Barstow 
Ward, James S. Allen, A. B., Kate Anderson Ells- 
worth, B. S., Florence M. Gushing, A. B., Caroline 
Louise Humphrey, A. B., Laura A. Knott, A. M. (ex- 


We all realize that Haverhill could not be the 
fine city it is if it were not for its street railway sys- 
tem. Haverhill is thus not only a city of manufac- 
turing- plants, but a city of homes. Instead of being- 
compelled to live in the congested quarters people 
are enabled to live in the outskirts where there are 
fresh air and sunshine and where they can cultivate 
their own gardens and live as men and women and 
children should live everywhere. 

Many changes have taken place in the street rail- 
way business since the Haverhill and Groveland 
Horse Railway built its first line from the Haverhill 
depot to Mill Street in 1877, a distance of one and 
one-half miles. This line was later extended to 
Groveland, a distance of three miles, with an equip- 
ment of four cars and eight horses, carrying- daily 
about four hundred passengers. The capital stock 
was only $24,000. In those days the cars cost an 
averag:e of about $600. Now the cost of a car is 
$8000. Then straw was spread on the floor of the 
car to keep the feet of the passengers warm. Now 
a most expensive electrical equipment performs that 

In 1890 the company boasted of fourteen miles 
of track with an equipment of 38 cars and S.'j horses, 
with a capital stock of $144,000. 

Then came the greatest change of all. A fran- 
chise was issued in 1892 to operate cars with electri- 
city as a motive power. This was the commence- 
ment of the development which resulted in the pres- 
ent 6!) miles of track, comprising the Haverhill di- 

Local interests were bought out in 1893 by the 
Lowell, Lawrence and Haverhill Street Railway 
Company; and in that year the tracks were extended 
from Chick's factory to Lawrence, where connections 
could be made through to Lowell, which afforded a 
beautiful ride along- the banks of the Merrimack 

Not wishing- that their neighbors to the west 
should have all the good things, the people who lived 
east of Haverhill demanded street railway service, 
so in 1895 the construction of the Haverhill, George- 
town & Danvers Street Railway was begun. This 
was extended in 1900 through to Newburyport and 
Ipswich via Dummer Academy. 

Through service from Haverhill to Newburyport 
was given in 1898, when the Groveland line was ex- 

tended through West Newbury to Newburyport 
Plains, connecting with the Citizens' Street Railway 
Company. This line g:ave connections to other lines 
running- to the beaches along the coast. 

In 1902 the Haverhill & Andover line was built 
from Ward Hill to Andover Square, making- possible 
through connections between Haverhill and Salem, 
Lynn and Boston. 

Three years later, in 190.5, all the lines which 
comprised the Haverhill division were consolidated 
under the name of the Boston and Northern Street 
Railway Company, which, in 1911 was consolidated 
with the Old Colony Street Railway Company under 
the name of the Bay State Street Railway Company. 

The company maintains a beautiful natural 
grove. The Pines, in Groveland, where there are 
many park facilities together with an outdoor the- 
atre where there are performances daily during the 
summer season. 

At the present time the company operates in the 
City of Haverhill 26.16 miles of tracks, with an 
equipment of 41 open cars and 55 box cars. Also 16 
snow plows which includes a large rotary plow, used 
to clear the tracks of ice and snow. The average 
number of passengers hauled daily is about 17,000. 

The local offices of this company are situated in 
the same building as those of the original company 
in 1877. 

Of course, the history of a company is interest- 
ing but its ideals are even more interesting. Of spe- 
cial importance to the citizens of Haverhill and 
vicinity are the ideals of the management of the Bay 
State Street Railway Company. The only right this 
company asks is the right to be useful in the most 
efficient way. It realizes the scientific truth of the 
statement "He profits most who serves best." 

The Bay State Street Railway Company, there- 
fore, desires to give such service to the people of 
Haverhill that they will be enabled to build a city 
that is even greater than the Haverhill that exists 
today. In building such a city transportation is one 
of the greatest essentials. 

To furnish satisfactory transportation at a reas- 
onable cost and to win and hold the friendship and 
co-operation of the citizen is the ideal of the present 
management of the Bay State Street Railway Com- 



No industry shows, as vividly as does the shoe 
industry, the contrast of a picturesque past 
and a practical present. In no industry has 
there been so complete a chanRe from a handicraft 
to a finely orRanized and co-ordinated industry where 
to all intents and purposes every operation is per- 
formed by machinery. 

The change was long in coming, but it came with 
a rush and was completed in not much more than 
half a century. In 18.50 the machines used in the 
manufacture of shoes were few in number, rudimen- 
tal in design and crude in output. Today there are 

In the hurry of things today, in the rush for re- 
sults, past methods and their picturesqueness are 
seldom thought of. Dead and gone as they may be, 
they served the centuries well, and deserve respect- 
ful recollection. And it is interesting and illuminat- 
ing occasionally to "think on these things" from his- 
torical and comparative points of view. And the stu- 
dent is at once amazed at the similarity of methods 
employed by shoemakers from the time of the Pha- 
raohs almost to our own day. 

The earlist known representation of a shoemaker 
at work is a painting discovered on the walls of 


hundreds of machines, essential and auxiliary, used 
in making the many kinds of footwear. There are one 
hundred and forty distinct operations in the making 
of a Goodyear welt shoe, for instance, the greater 
number of which are performed by machinery. 

What a contrast, the present-day machine-made 
product, and the boots and shoes of our forefathers 
laboriously and patiently fashioned by one pair — or 
at best two or three pairs — of hands, with tools and 
aids that had changed but little throughout the cen- 
turies. Industrial history presents no sharper con- 
trast, nor completer. 

ancient Thebes which has withstood the wear of time 
since the fifteenth century before the beginning of 
the Christian era. These Egyptian sandal makers 
are seated on low stools, and their primitive imple- 
ments are strongly suggestive of those in use 
throughout the many centuries intervening before 
machinery so completely supplanted the handicrafts- 

An equally picturesque record conies from Greece. 
An ancient vase picture shows a shoemaker at his 
work in Athens between the years 600 and 400 B. C. 
The similarity of the methods of the ancient Athen- 


ian to those of modern times is very noticeable, and 
taken as a whole the scene suggests in many details 
the shop of the New England cobbler. This shoe- 
maker of Athens is seated on a low stool before his 
work-table or bench. With his left hand he is hold- 
ing a piece of leather stretched over a block or board 
of hard wood, and with his right he is cutting the 
leather with a curved knife which resembles the 
familiar meat-chopper of the present day. On the 
wall hang another knife, some finished shoes, a ham- 
mer, and strips of leather. 

Another interesting vase picture presents a maid 
of Athens being measured for a pair of sandals or 
shoes about 500 B. C. She is standing on a table, so 
that a bearded workman, who is sitting in front of 
it, can mark the outline of her foot on the leather on 
which she is standing. In his right hand he holds 
his crescent, a knife with a curved blade which also 

mender of shoes, was guide, philosopher and friend 
to his neighbors, and a conscientious craftsman. His 
little shop was the local forum, from "the good old 
Colony times" until but a few decades ago. Here 
he sat on his leather-covered bench, a patient, pic- 
turesque, village institution, with few tools and no 
machinery, and cut and hammered and stitched hour 
after hour until the boot or shoe was completed. 

Compared with the many and intricate machines 
now used universally in the manufacture of footwear, 
the equipment to which the cobbler was restricted 
seems almost impossibly primitive. Yet he lived and 
thrived and served his day and generation well. The 
awl, lapstone and hammer come first to mind, and 
the long low bench fringed with tools, with the leath- 
er-bottomed seat at the left end. 

Important among his implements and supplies 
were: knives, skivers, awls and hammers; lapstone, 


resembles the familiar meat-chopper. An apprentice 
is holding a piece of leather bent together, probably 
destined to be used for the upper part of the shoes. 
Tools, lasts, strips of leather, etc., hang on the wall. 
Thus were ladies' shoes made in Ancient Athens! 

These early methods of course were varied and 
improved as time went on, but still the making of 
footwear for the divers peoples of the earth contin- 
ued to be a handicraft requiring laborious eff'ort, 
painstaking care, and much time for the production 
of each pair of sandals, slippers, shoes, high boots, — 
whatever the requirements of country or century 
called for — almost to the present time. And our own 
eager craftsmen to fashion footwear, and for years 
at his bench was one of the picturesque figures in 
our history. He is entitled to a moment's sympa- 
thetic consideration here. 

The village cobbler, the olden-time maker and 

shoulder stick, straps and lasts; shoe thread, wooden 
pegs, bristles, wax, heelball, blacking pot; head 
block, moulding block and mallet, skiving board, shop 
tub, with the old-time air-tight stove as the central 
figure in the little room. 

Thus equipped and surrounded, with an appren- 
tice or two at near-by benches, the village cobbler 
made custom boots and shoes with infinite patience 
and skill. He loved his work. Had you lived during 
the years of his supremacy, he would have drawn 
the outline of your foot on paper with chalk or char- 
coal, taken careful measurements over the instep and 
elsewhere, and made your footwear entirely by la- 
borious and time-taking hand work. 

So much, then, in the way of brief glimpses into 
the picturesque past of the art of shoemaking, the 
far-sung "gentle art of Saint Crispin." It was in- 
deed picturesque, it changed little through many cen- 


turies, and was sufficient unto itself. But it has be- 
come a very dead past, and in a very few years, com- 

It was not until about the middle of the nine- 
teenth century that the beginning of a peaceful revo- 
lution in the manner of shoemaking dawned, a revo- 
lution by which machinery supplanted one of the fa- 
mous handicrafts of history. It is doubtful if so 
complete and far-reaching a change has taken place 
elsewhere in the realm of industry. Since then the 
era of machinery, speed, system, and service has 
triumphed, made necessary to save time, labor, and 
expense, and to meet the enormous increase in the 
demand of the wide, wide world for footwear. 

The efficiency of modem shoemaking in this 
country which has enabled the manufacturers to meet 

all the people, and not only to the people of this 
country, but to all the nations of the earth. 

The story of the inventors who primarily made 
all this possible is old, and yet ever new, and a brief 
summary here, even if in the nature of a repetition 
and familiar to many citizens of Haverhill, is not 

The beginning of effective shoe machineryy dates 
with the invention of the sewing machine in 1846 by 
Elias Howe, a native of Spencer, Massachusetts. 
About the year 1852 .lohn Brooks Nichols, a Lynn 
shoemaker, adapted the Howe sewing machine to sew 
the uppers of shoes. Using Howe's revolutionary in- 
vention as a basis, in 1858 Lyman R. Blake, a native 
of Abington, Massachusetts, invented a machine 
which sewed the soles of shoes to the uppers. This 

^'<A^la. u&3l^.i. 


the demands upon them, — unprecedented in extent in 
recent months — has been due to a great degree to the 
fact that machinery has been perfected for practical- 
ly every shoemaking process. Today a machine per- 
forms each of the early processes with great accu- 
racy, rapidity and economy, and many new processes. 
The startling growth of the shoe industry in the 
United States, and especially the success and pros- 
perity of the small shoe manufacturer, has been made 
possible very largely through the machinery which 
has been available in recent years. This standard- 
ization of shoe machinery has lowered the cost of 
manufacture, simplified the problems and facilitated 
the business of every manufacturer and retailer and 
helped to bring the best shoes within the reach of 

invention was financed and improved and made a 
commercial success in 1862 by Gordon McKay, a na- 
tive of Pittsfield, Massachusetts. 

Auguste Destouy of New York in 1862 invented 
a machine with a curved needle to sew turn shoes 
which was improved by Daniel Mills in 1869 and later 
still further perfected by Charles Goodyear, who in 
1871 and 1875 obtained patents for machines which 
were the beginning of the famous Goodyear welt sys- 
tem of manufacturing shoes. 

As machine after machine appeared, however, 
shoe workers held to the belief that it would always 
be impossible to last shoes by machinery, but even 
this problem was solved in due time. Jan Ernest 
Matzeliger, living in Lynn, Massachusetts, invented 


a hand method lasting machine in 1883, and the prin- 
ciple of his machine has remained during all sub- 
sequent improvements. 

Many other inventors participated in the devel- 
opment of shoe machinery during the last half of the 
last century and are entitled to their share of credit. 
Those here mentioned, however, show the important 
part which inventive genius played in developing an 
industry which today is one of the industrial marvels 
of the country, an industry which has proved itself 
in the last three years able to respond to a world- 
wide cry for help. 

To meet present-day demands, the up-to-date 
shoe factory is planned for practical results, is 
equipped for these results, and they are forthcoming. 
Picturesqueness is not thought of or desired. Stand- 

the manufacture of all kinds and grades of boots 
and shoes. So systematized and standardized has 
the industry become in recent years that over one 
million pairs of shoes are turned out in American 
factories each working day. And it was but yes- 
terday that the patient cobbler spent days in fash- 
ioning a pair of high boots for the village squire. 

Of the many machines used in this practical era, 
mention may be made of three, by way of illustra- 
tion. They are among the most important and most 
intricate, and emphasize the triumph of mechanical 
skill over the hand processes of former days. The 
Rex pulling-over machine, which pulls the upper of 
a shoe over the last, has been called the machine 
with human fingers, and deserves first place. Many 
years of effort have been devoted to its perfection 


ardization of machines, co-ordinated departments, 
and factory buildings so constructed and arranged 
that operations and processes follow without appre- 
ciable loss of time or interruption of labor, these are 
among the leading changes in recent years. Each 
floor is clean, well lighted, scientifically arranged, 
and run to schedule. Sentiment is wholly lacking, 
system and precision everywhere prevail. 

The necessary machines and processes in the 
modern shoe factory vary, of course, with the class 
or type of shoe. And it will surprise even some of 
those who live in such a big shoe city as Haverhill to 
learn that at the Beverly factories of the United 
Shoe Machinery Company there are made more than 
five hundred and fifty different machines for use in 

at an expense of approximately one million dollars. 
The Goodyear welter, which attaches the inner sole 
to the upper and to the welt, and the Goodyear 
stitcher, which attaches the outer sole to the welt, 
stand high in the shoe machinery list, for to them 
are largely due those qualities to be found in a 
Goodyear welt shoe which make a shoe most dur- 
able, comfortable and attractive. 

This brief review of the march of industrial prog- 
ress from the hand-made to the machine-made shoe, 
from the cobbler's bench to the modern factory, from 
a picturesque past to an intensely practical present, 
should be full of interest to the people of Haverhill, 
the city which leads the country in the number of 
shoe factories. 



The Haverhill Electric Co., one of the city's most 
important industrial concerns, furnishes electric 
light, heat and power, in Haverhill, and many ad- 
joining towns. Since its establishment in 1888, the 
company has pursued a progressive policy and has 
given such satisfactory service that during the agi- 
tation for municipal ownership of public service cor- 
porations in Haverhill, several years ago, the pro- 

1904 1917 

Number of Customers, 480 5009 

H. P. Capacity of Plant, 2,770 11,950 

Miles of street occupied by wire, . .39.4 91.6 

Miles of underground system, . . . .none 5.19 

Annual Taxes, $3,473.94 $32,071.79 

During this same period the maximum lighting 
rate has been reduced from 20c to lie per kilowatt 


position to take over the plant was put before the 
people and rejected by an overwhelming vote. 

In October, 1904, Charles H. Tenney and his as- 
sociates assumed the management of the Haverhill 
Electric Company. At that time the service was far 
below the present high standard, customers were 
few, and rates were high. The following table indi- 
cates what has been accomplished in ten years: 

hour, a reduction of 45 per cent., while the service 
has been extended and improved until today it stands 
second to none. 

By its low rates for electricity for light and pow- 
er, the company has assisted, in a constructive man- 
ner, the growth and progress of the city. Co-oper- 
ating with the Haverhill Advertising Club in 1912, 
Continued onj^age 82 



The Massachusetts Northeastern Street Railway 
Company operates, in all, 128.31 miles of single 
track, 82.44 being within Massachusetts and 45.87 
within New Hampshire. The system extends along 
the northern boundary of Massachusetts and the 
southern boundary of New Hampshire, from Lowell 
on the west to Newburyport on the east, crossing 
the state line at nine different points and parrallel- 
ing in a general way the course of the Merrimack 
River. In Massachusetts the company operates in 
the cities of Haverhill, Lawrence and Newburyport, 
and in the towns of Amesbury, Dracut, Merrimac, 
Methuen, Newbury and Salisbury, its cars being 

carried into Lowell from a connecting point at the 
Lowell-Dracut line. In New Hampshire the city 
of Nashua and the towns of Hudson, Pelham, Salem, 
Plaistow, Newton and Seabrook are served. 

The company operates a recreation park known 
as Canobie Lake Park in the town of Salem, N. H., 
and its lines extend to Hampton and Salisbury 
beaches and Plum Island, affording a shore ride of 
approximately 14 miles. 

Special provisions are made for parties desiring 
to travel by chartered cars. Rates for this class of 
service may be obtained at any office of the com- 
General Office, 50 Merrimack St., Haverhill, Mass. 


The F. W. Mears Heel Co., manufacturers of 
wooden heels of every description, was established 
in 1907, and is now engaged in business at 18 Granite 
Street. The firm is one of the most important en- 
gaged in this business and occupies 20,000 square 


feet of floor space, and employs 135 men and women. 
The capacity of the Haverhill factory is 1000 dozen 
pairs daily. To meet the increasing demand for the 
company's product, a branch factory, known as the 
Maple Heel Co., with a capacity of 700 dozen pairs 
daily, has been established in Newburyport. 

Fred Warren Mears, founder and present head of 
the concern, was bom in Essex, Massachusetts, in 
1880. He became a resident of Haverhill when he 
was 18 years of age and has since resided here. He 
is married and has four children. 

Haverhill is the trading centre of a population of 
over eighty-five thousand people, and the terminus 
of eight trolley lines. 

Haverhill has an area of thirty-two square miles, 
on both sides of the Merrimack River. 


Continued from ^dge 8i 

the company planned and arranged the system of 
decorative street lighting with which the principal 
streets of Haverhill are now adorned. The office 
is located in the company's building, situated at the 
corner of How street, at 131 Merrimack street, one 
of the finest business structures in the city, which 
was opened in 1916. The plant is located at 161 
Water street, and is both extensive and modern. 
The executives office is at 201 Devonshire street, 

The company's policy of expansion has resulted 
in extending its trade territory beyond the city lim- 
its to Groveland and Georgetown, and to the New 
Hampshire towns of Plaistow and Salem. The offi- 
cers of the company are: Charles H. Tenney, pres- 
ident; H. T. Sands, first vice-president; F. L. Ball, 
manager; George W. Hum, acting manager; E. A. 
Bradley, treasurer; H. A. Gidney, assistant treasurer 
and auditor; H. P. Wood, clerk; Charles H. Tenney, 
Howard T. Sands, H. P. Wood, Samuel A. York, H. 
C. Warren, Edward M. Bradley, B. E. Hilme, Ben- 
jamin Howe and F. S. Smith, directors. 


The Central Ninth School, formerly the High School, Crescent Place, 
opposite City Hall Park. 

The Haverhill Fire Department is now completely motorized and is as up-to-date and effi- 
cient as any in the country. This picture shows only a part of the apparatus. (City Hall and 
First Methodist Episcopal Church in the background.) 




Established October 1, 1907, Witherell & Dob- 
bins Co., a corporation, has become one of the lead- 
ing firms engaged in shoe manufacturing in Haver- 
hill. The business was started by George W. Dob- 
bins and E. A. Witherell, and in the first year of 
manufacturing the total business was valued at 
$35,000. Each succeeding year the volume of busi- 
ness has grown steadily, and in the year ending 
July 1, 1916, the volume of business reached the 
tremendous total of $1,200,000. The trade territory 
of this enterprising firm is the entire United States. 
The firm is located at 14.5 Essex street, in the Bur- 
gess cement building, and occupies the fourth, fifth 
and sixth floors. The business of the firm is the 
manufacture of welts and turns in low and high cut 
novelties. The firm was incorporated July 1, 1912, 

and the present officers are: E. A. Witherell, Presi- 
dent; George W. Dobbins, Treasurer; Phil English, 
Jr., Vice-President; Morton C. Witherell, Clerk; 
Napoleon Theriault, director. 

Edward A. Witherell, who resides at 80 Hamilton 
avenue, was born in Fremont, N. H., July 27, 1859, 
and received a high school education. He is married 
and has a son, Morton C, who is a member of the 
corporation. He is a member of the Pentucket club. 

George W. Dobbins, was born in Newton, N. J., 
August 10. 1862, and received a common school edu- 
cation interspersed with hard labor on the farm. 
He is a member of the Pentucket club and the Port- 
land Street Baptist church. He is married and has 
one son, Stanwood F. He resides at 38 Columbia 



"Democracy," says the Special News Service of 
the Texas Commercial Secretaries and Business 
Men's Association, "is the slogan of the Young Men's 
Business League of Austin, Texas. It is proposed 
to make every man in Austin, no matter what his oc- 
cupation, feel that he must contribute his personal 
effort toward achieving the upbuilding and develop- 
ment of the city." 

The policy of development of Austin is a pretty 
good one, and that is why the Haverhill Chamber of 

Commerce has maintained the policy of no initiation 
fee and low dues, so that it is an organization to 
which every man in Haverhill, wage-earner, salaried 
man, business man and banker may belong. Unfor- 
tunately, there are several who do not yet belong, 
but they have the opportunity without any large 
financial burden. 

Haverhill is located on the Western Division of 
the Boston and Maine Railroad, thirty-three miles 
from Boston, with sixty trains daily. 




The H. B. Campbell Co. deals in wholesale pro- 
duce and coal. Major Harry B. Campbell, is presi- 
dent and treasurer of the firm and Marshall G. Nich- 
ols is assistant treasurer and manager. The trade 
territory includes Haverhill and the surrounding 
towns, and the plant is located at 203 Essex street. 

Major Campbell, president of the firm, was born 
in Dexter, Me., Nov. 19, 1870. He was educated in 
the Dexter High school and Comer's Commercial col- 
lege, Boston. On April 1, 1902, he bought the busi- 
ness of Charles F. Meader and conducted it himself 
until April 1, 1916, when it was incorporated. He 
is a member of Saggahew lodge, A. F. & A. M., Ha- 
verhill lodge of Elks, Agawam club and Rotary club. 
He is married. He is one of the foremost military 

men in this section of the state, and was captain of 
Company F, Eighth regiment, Massachusetts Na- 
tional Guard, for several years, and was later elect- 
ed major. He accompanied the regiment to the 
Mexican border in 191G and when was was declared 
with Germany encamped at Lynnfield, Mass., and 
later at Westfield, where the regiment was reorgan- 
ized. Major Campbell being given important as- 
signment immediately. He is now in France with 
the American Expeditionary Forces. 

Marshall G. Nichols was boni Dec. 27, 1883, in 
Hartford, Conn., and was educated in the Haverhill 
public schools. He is married and has one son. He 
is a member of the Rotary club. Commercial Trav- 
elers and Junior Order of American Mechanics. 



There is a general misconception of the work of 
the Chamber of Commerce. The popular idea is that 
it should bring a new factory into the city two or 
three times a year. Established business concerns 
are not often moving from city to city, at least not 
the desirable ones. There are many "wild cat" 
schemes and stock-selling propositions in every mail 
that comes into the city of Haverhill. It is just as 
much the duty of the Secretary of the Chamber of 
Commerce to keep these catch-penny and semi- 
swindling schemes away as it is to get desirable bus- 
iness into the city. This work is constantly going on. 

In the course of a year, the Chamber keeps thous- 
ands of dollars in Haverhill that would otherwise be 
taken away in bad investments. 

The Chamber of Commerce is advertising Haver- 
hill everywhere. In the daily press, in national mag- 
azines, in trade papers, by special articles and de- 
scriptive stories, with circulars and letters, Haver- 
hill is being placed in the lime-light of favorable 
publicity. The Chamber believes that by making Ha- 
verhill a better place in which to live and do business 
more business can be attracted. 




Perley Leslie is a name that stands out promi- 
nently in Haverhill's retail business world; it is the 
name of the founder, president and treasurer of one 
of the city's greatest stores. Bom in Waterville, 
Me., April 5, 1858, Perley Leslie was educated at 
the Coburn Classical Institute, Waterville, Me. He 
established the dry goods business in Haverhill in 
1888, at 5 Water street. As years passed and the 
city grew, the store flourished proportionately until 
it has reached its present highly successful condi- 
tion. Today the Leslie Dry Goods Co. occupies four 
floors in the building extending from 28 to 40 Merri- 
mack street. Mr. Leslie is president and treasurer; 
Charles H. Rogers is vice-president, and John R. 
Whittier is assistent treasurer. The store carries 
everything pertaining to dry goods and ready-to- 
wear garments for ladies, misses and children. It 
caters to Haverhill and to all the suburban towns 
and has established an enviable reputation for qual- 
ity and fair dealing. Despite the fact that he has, 
for 30 years, given the closest personal attention to 
the company, Mr. Leslie has also taken a prominent 
part in the general commercial and social develop- 
ment of the city. He is vice-president of the Essex 
National bank, a trustee of the City Five Cent Sav- 
ings bank, treasurer of the Haverhill Branch, Amer- 
ican Red Cross, a trustee of the Linwood Cemetery 
Corporation, a trustee of the Young Women's Chris- 
tian Association and president of the Board of Trus- 
tees of the Young Men's Christian Association. He 

is a 32 degree Mason, and is prominent in the order, 
being affiliated with Saggahew lodge, the Knights 
Templar, the Massachusetts Consistory, Scottish 
Rite. He is also a member of the Pentucket club, 
Redmen, Jr. O. U. A. M., Knights of Malta, and 
United Order of the Golden Cross. He is married. 

The Haverhill Chamber of Commerce is affiliated 
with the Essex County Associated Boards of Trade, 
the Massachusetts State Board of Trade, the New 
England Association of Commercial Executives, the 
Chamber of Commerce of the United States, the At- 
lantic Deeper Waterways Association and the Na- 
tional Rivers and Harbors' Congress. Delegates 
from the Chamber attend practically all the confer- 
ences of these organizations. 


Wm. H. Page & Son, engaged in a general in- 
surance business, is a well-known Haverhill firm. 
This concern has acquired a wide reputation, not 
alone in Haverhill, but throughout the surrounding 
cities and towns. James G. Page conducts the busi- 
ness and the office is located at 9 Emerson Street. 
William H. Page was the founder of the firm, estab- 
lishing the business in 1881. Later the firm became 
Wm. H. Page & Son, and the business has been con- 
ducted under the same name since William H. Page's 





Hon. Edwin Herbert Moulton is one of the most 
prominent men in Haverhill's civic and commercial 
life. He was an alderman in 1895-96 and 97, and in 
the last year became mayor, and served in that of- 
fice until 1898. He then became a member of the 
Haverhill Water board, serving until 1909, and, in 
the meantime, also served as a member of the com- 
mission directing the work of building the new high 
schooll. In 1909, after the commission form of gov- 
ernment had been adopted, he was again selected 
as mayor and served for three terms, six consecu- 
tive years. He was born in Haverhill, Sept. 19, 1860, 
and was educated in the Haverhill public schools. 

Chas. Emerson & Sons is one of Haverhill's his- 
torical business houses, as it has been established 
over half a century. It was founded September 1, 
1866, and deals in fine china and glass, retailing fine 
imported and domestic wares. The trade territory 
of the firm extends throughout New England. It is 
one of Haverhill's oldest retail establishments, and 
is the only china store of its kind in this section of 
the country, being considered the leading china shop 
of New England. The store is located at 38 Main 
Street. William Wells Emerson, who is head of the 
concern, was bom in Haverhill, March 9, 1872, and 
was educated in the Haverhill public schools. He 



He is a member of the Pentucket club. Knights of 
Pythias, Saggahew lodge of Masons, Elks, Moose, 
and Rotary club. He is president of the Morris Plan 
Co., in Haverhill, and a director of the Haverhill 
National bank. His wife is Anna Belle Moulton, 
and he has two children. Miss G. Pauline, and Edwin 
L. He is the treasurer of the Edwin H. Moulton Co., 
the city's most important wholesale provision house. 
The plant is located at 132 Essex street, and the firm 
deals in beef, pork, lamb, butter, eggs, cheese, can- 
ned goods, and produce of all kinds. The trade ter- 
ritory is Haverhill and the surrounding towns. The 
firm was incorporated in 1909 when Elwin A. Edger- 
ly was chasen president. 

has been prominent in civic aff'airs and has been 
president of the Haverhill Chamber of Commerce. 
He is married, his wife before her marriage being 
Martha C. Emerson. They have one child, Ruth L. 

The Traffic Bureau of the Haverhill Chamber of 
Commerce is a member of the National Industrial 
Traffic League, an organization concerned with the 
traffic interests of shippers and receivers, recognized 
officially as such by the Interstate Commerce Com- 
mission, and comprising in its membership a great 
many of the chambers of commerce and of the lead- 
ing industrial corporations throughout the country. 
By this affiliation the Chamber gets the benefit of 
organized effort. 



Few men in Haverhill have lived lives of wider 
activity than Charles C. Chase, president of the Ha- 
verhill Chamber of Commerce. A native of Haver- 
hill, and an alumnus of the Haverhill public schools, 
every chapter of his life story is laid in the city. 
His family is one of the oldest that the city boasts 
of, and it has been prominently connected with Ha- 
verhill, almost from the settlement of the village of 
Pentucket. For generations, the Chases have been 
leaders in the commercial life of Haverhill, and 
Charles C. Chase has admirably maintained the best 
family traditions. His election to the presidency of 
the Chamber of Commerce was a recognition of his 
personal achievements. Equipped with a remark- 
able business instinct, he has alslo acquired an un- 
equalled reputation for fairness, generosity and pub- 
lic spirit. 

He has been a leader in all the recent important 
movements for civic betterment. Lending the in- 
fluence of his commercial connections, he was one of 
the most potent forces in the campaign of the Ha- 
verhill Advertising club to secure the modern street 
lights for the city. He has been a consistent worker 
for river development. He has aided in building the 
city also, for he gathered a group of associates about 
him and erected the Wingate Associate factory, that 
modern equipment might be available for new manu- 
facturing concerns. 

He was born in Haverhill, May 11, 1871. He is a 
director of the Haverhill Trust Co., treasurer and 
manager of the Haverhill Milling Co., a member of 
various Masonic bodies, Haverhill lodge of Elks, Pen- 
tucket club, Rotary club and Wachusett club. He is 
married and has one son. 

The Haverhill Milling Co., which is given the 
benefit of his personal supervision, conducts a coal, 
grain, feed, poultry supplies, hay and straw retail 
business at 170 to 190 Essex street. Its trade terri- 

tory extends from Haverhill and its environs, to 
southern New Hampshire and Western Maine. The 
company possesses the finest facilities for unloading 


Real Estate. 

President Haverhill Milling Co. 

coal and grain in large quantities. The officers of 
the company, in addition to Mr. Chase, are: George 
W. Lennox, president, and Jessie Bourneuf, director. 

The Traffic Bureau of the Haverhill Chamber of 
Commerce has made a good start. Seventy-eight 
out of 103 subscribers have used it, to a greater or 
less extent, and expressions of satisfaction have 
come from quite a few of those who have taken the 
trouble to learn what the Bureau can do. The only 
important difficulty is that more do not seek the aid 
of the Bureau; and yet this is being overcome grad- 
ually. The manager's practice is to make routine 
calls upon subscribers, especially upon those from 
whom he hears the least, for the purpose of arousing 
interest and securing patronage. 


The traffic manager, in his official capacity, is a 
member of the Traffic Club of New England; also a 
member of the Boston Association of Railroad and 
Steamboat Agents, a similar organization but more 
restricted as to membership. 




George B. Leavitt & Co., manufacturers of shoes, 
is a partnership consisting of John C. Leary and 
George B. Leavitt. This firm has been established 
18 years, and has steadily progressed until it is now 
one of the leading Haverhill shoe companies. The 
factory of the concern is located at 12 Duncan Street, 
and the firm manufactures women's McKay shoes. 

Both members of the firm are life-long citizens of 
Haverhill, and by close application to business, and 
ability both as manufacturers and salesmen, have 
succeeded in developing their concern until it now 
possesses a prominent place in the shoe industry. 

Both Mr. Leary and Mr. Leavitt are married, and 
the former has a daughter. 

Birthplace of John Greenleaf Whittier, the Quaker Poet, at East Haverhill. 
Preserved by the John G. Whittier Association and open daily to the public. 



Foremost among Haverhill builders and contrac- 
tors is the firm of Kelly Bros., the members of which 
are George L. A. Kelly and Charles N. Kelly. The 
firm was established in 1 880 and since that time has 
done business in Haverhill. Early in its history the 
firm established a reputation of ability and effi- 
ciency, and throughout its life has retained it. Not 
alone in Haverhill, where the majority of the im- 
portant buildings has been directed by the concern, 
but throughout this section of the country, there has 
been a steady and increasing patronage. In addition 
to their business as contractors the firm is also en- 
gaged in the manufacture of bricks and has success- 
fully conducted this enterprise, thereby retaining an 
industry which has been for generations one of the 
many important businesses in Haverhill. At pres- 
ent, the firm is located at 30 Pleasant Street. 

Charles N. Kelly was born in Salem, N. H., July 
24, 1854, and received a common school education. 
He has been prominent in public life in Haverhill, 
having served as a member of the common council, 
board of aldermen, and as a water commissioner. 
He is a member of all the local Masonic orders, and 
the Pentucket and Rotary clubs. He is married and 
has five children. 

Pre.sident Haverhill Chambei" of Commerce, I'JIS 





Charles Kilbum Fox, who died July 31st, 1912, 
was recognized as one of Haverhill's leading citizens 
and business men. His career as a shoe manufactur- 
er, marked by the organization and development of 
one of the city's largest firms, was proof of the ex- 
ceptional ability which he possessed. But he also 
became widely known because of his philanthropy 
and welfare work. He led the way in bridging the 
gap between employer and employe and inaugurated 
several movements which brought workman and 
manufacturer into closer communion. Industrial in- 
surance for his workers, get-together dinners and 
summer outings when he and his humblest worker 
met on an equal basis, were some of the splendid 
movements he originated, each of which had a per- 
manent effect on industrial conditions in Haverhill. 
He was born January 2.5, 1851, in Roxbury, Maine, 
and in his early life, was a printer. Later he be- 
came interested in the manufacture of shoes an;l 
continued in this business until his death. Although 
he, himself, had no inclination to assume public office, 
he assented to the request of the municipal authori- 
ties when the new high school was being erected 
and acted as a member of the building commission. 
He also worked zealously for efficient municipal 
service. He was a Mason, a member of the Ancient 
and Honorable Artillery Co. of Massachusetts, a di- 

rector of the Merchants Bank, a trustee of the Ha- 
verhill Five Cent Savings Bank, and a trustee of the 
General Insurance Guaranty Fund of Massachusetts. 
He left a wife and one daughter. 

The Haverhill Board of Trade urged the commis- 
sion form of government and helped make Haverhill 
the first city in the East to adopt this plan of gov- 
ernment where it has worked out with great success. 


Warren Emerson, who played an important part 
in the commercial growth of Haverhill, was born 
December 27, 1853, in Salem, N. H., and died in Ha- 
verhill, May 1, 1913. He was educated in the Salem 
public schools and at Pinkerton Academy, Derry, N. 
H. He founded the clothing house of Warren Emer- 
son, which, for years, was one of the principal retail 
businesses in the city. His business ability and 
acumen were widely recognized and he was made 
president of the Essex National Bank. The wisdom 
and strength of his financial policies was reflected 
in the growth and extension of the bank under his 
direction. He aspired to no public office during his 
lifetime, being content with his close attention to 
his varied business enterprises, all of which were 
very successful. He was identified with the Knights 
Templar, the Merrimack lodge of Masons, which he 
joined in 1881, Eagle Encampment, I. O. O. F., the 
Knights of Pythias and Pentucket club. He was 
married and his widow survives. 





Today the Ideal Vogue Shoe Co. is one of the 
leading- firms of Haverhill's boot and shoe world. 
The progress of the concern is remarkable because 
it was established only on January 1, 1917. The 
firm manufactures women's welt shoes, and the offi- 
cers of the corporation are: — 

President — Percy C. Griest. 

Vice-president — William J. Porell. 

Treasurer — John J. Sullivan. 

The factory is located at 115 Essex Street, and 
the goods manufactured by the firm are sold in ev- 
ery state of the union. William J. Porell, the vice- 
president, is also manager of the company's factory. 
He was born in Island Pond, Vermont, February 1, 
1868. He is married and has two sons. 


Formed 14 years ago, when a team and a single 
man were employed, the Blake-Curtis Company, a 
Massachusetts corporation, dealing exclusively in 
wholesale groceries and supplies, has become one of 
the leading businesses of Haverhill, with an annual 
trade valued at over a million dollars, and requiring 
the employment of six salesmen to look after the ex- 
tensive trade territory which reaches to Rochester, 
N. H., on the north, Lawrence on the west, Amesbury 
and Newburyport on the east, and Danvers on the 
south. Joseph Irving Curtis is president of the cor- 

poration and treasurer. The directors are Herbert 
A. Curtis, Herbert Atwood, Frederick E. Hurd, Jos- 
eph I. Curtis and George F. Carleton. The head- 
quarters of the company is located at 262 Winter 
street, and the firm deals in a complete line of groc- 
eries and specialties; flour, sugar, beans, cheese, etc. 
Joseph I. Curtis, the president and treasurer, was 
born in Norwell, Mass., June 14, 1875. He was grad- 
uated from the Abington High school and Record & 
Bradford's Commercial school. He is a trustee of 
the Pentucket Savings Bank, Universalist church so- 
ciety, and Haverhill Boys' Club; a director of the 
Haverhill Chamber of Commerce and the Athletic 
F'ield Association; and a member of the Universalist 
.society, Pentucket club, Saggahew lodge of Masons, 
Commercial Travelers, Knights of the Ancient Es- 
senic Order, and the Universalist Men's club. Lillian 
Maud Curtis is his wife, and his daughters are the 
Misses Doris and Ruth Curtis. 

The Haverhill Chamber of Commerce has worked 
unremittingly for the Merrimack river improvement 
with the Merrimack Valley Waterway Board and the 
Federal Government officials. The Board has col- 
lected statistics, tabulated facts and disseminated in- 
formation to further the development. When the 
boat line ran in 1902, the Boston and Maine reduced 
their rates from two to four cents per hundred 
weight. Developed for navigation, the river will ma- 
terially promote the growth and advancement of the 
communities along its banks. 




AL'.S'I'IX K. UL'DUOl'lv 

The Ruddock Shoe Co., located in the Burgess 
Buildinff at 143 Essex street, was incorporated in 
1909, and the present officers are: Arthur W. Bra;l- 
ley, president; Henry S. Bouve, vice-president, and 
Austin E. Ruddock, treasurer. The firm manufac- 
tures women's McKay specialties for the jobbing 
trade. Arthur W. Bradley, president of the firm, 
was born July 23, 1877, in Lynn. He attended the 
public schools in Bradford. He married Elizabeth 
W. Judge in 1903, and has two children, son and 
daughter, Arthur Gerhard and Kathleen Elizabeth. 
Austin Edwards Ruddock, treasurer of the corpora- 
tion, was born in West Newbury, October 7, 1863, 
and was educated in the Haverhill public schools, 
having graduated from the Haverhill High school in 
1882. He started in business with his father, the late 
Thomas S. Ruddock, in 1884, as T. S. Ruddock & 
Son, and the firm name was continued after his 
father's death in 1898 until 1909 when the Ruddock 
Shoe Co. was incorporated. The name of Ruddock 
has been associated with the shoe industry in this 
section since 1875, when the late Thomas S. Ruddock 
started the manufacture of shoes in West Newbury. 
Austin E. Ruddock is a member of the Pentucket 
club, and the Boston City club. He married Miss 
Claretta Webster in 1888. and has two daughters, 
Katherine and Dorothy W. 



FIRST: Because the Chamber of Commerce has 
worked, is working and will work to forward the 
manufacturing, mercantile, professional and finan- 
cial interests of Haverhill. 

SECOND: Because every live city has a Cham- 
ber of Commerce, which is doing the work in behalf 
of all the citizens, which our organization is endeav- 
oring to do in Haverhill. 

THIRD: Because the Chamber of Commerce is 
representative of all our citizens — of all classes of 
the community banded together for mutual protec- 
tion and benefit. 

FOURTH: Because the Chamber of Commerce 
is a non-partisan, non-political, non-sectarian organ- 
ization which is not interested in anyone's race, re- 
ligion or politics, but asks co-operation in the inter- 
ests of a bigger, brighter and busier Haverhill. 

FIFTH: Because every city needs an organiza- 
tion which can express the best thought of the com- 
munity on any given public question before the prop- 
er authorities with the prestige which all live organ- 
izations have over individual effort. 

SIXTH: Because the Chamber of Commerce 
without cordial support can do very little for Haver- 
hill; but with the co-operation of its members and 
friends there is nothing within reason which can- 
not be done for this city. 



HIKAM K. Pl;i:SC(]-l- I 


B. F. Leighton & Co. is one of the important 
produce firms of the city. Hiram E. Prescott is the 
sole owner. The firm was established in 1876, and 
is located on Batchelder's court. The business is 
that of wholesale groceries and a general line of 
groceries is carried. The firm because of its repu- 
tation is known as "The Quality House." Eastern 
Massachusetts and southern New Hampshire is the 
trade territory. Some of the leading specialties car- 
ried are Comer Stone Flour, Silver Spray Flour, 
Green Mountain brand canned goods, Clicquot Club 
beverages and private label teas and coffees. 

Hiram E. Prescott, the owner, was born in Ken- 
sington, N. H., January 24, 1867. He attended the 
public schools in Kensington, Exeter academy and 
Comers' Commercial college, Boston. He is a mem- 
ber of the First Universalist church Men's club, 
Merrimack lodge of Masons, Pentucket lodge. Royal 
Arch Masons, Haverhill lodge of Elks, Haverhill Ro- 
tary club and Pentucket club. He is married and 
has four children, two daughters, Pauline and Elea- 
nor; and two sons, Percy L., and Clarence D., who 
are connected with B. F. Leighton & Co. 


George Willard Martin, owner and manager of 
The Goodell Agency, the city's oldest insurance 
agency, has had an interesting and versatile career. 
He was born in North Stonington, Conn., Jan. 17, 

1863 and was educated in the public schools in 
Rhode Island cities. In 1878, when he was 15 years 
of age, he became a clerk in a drug store. In the 
following year, he took a similar position in a sta- 
tionery store and when another year had passed, ac- 
cepted a clerkship in a dry goods store. It was only 
after 13 years had passed that he began his life 
work, accepting his first position in the insurance 
business, in 1893. Having had so wide an experience 
in various lines of business, he was able to apply 
himself with unusual diligence to his new profession 
with the result that he succeeded the owner in 1905. 
He has continued as manager and owner of The 
Goodell Agency and his success has been proved. 
He has been president of the Haverhill Board of Un- 
derwriters and is a member of the Pentucket club 
and the Haverhill Rotary club. 

The Goodell Agency writes insurance of every 
description and has an extensive clientele in Haver- 
hill and vicinity. It was established in 1852 and the 
present office is at 128 Merrimack street. When or- 
ganized, the office territory extended from Lawrence 
to Newburyport, with offices in Lawrence and Ha- 
verhill. In the great Haverhill fire in 1882, this 
agency paid out over $750,000. It represents the 
oldest and strongest companies and stands for relia- 
bility and service. 

Haverhill has the largest number of individual 
home-owners, pro rata of population, of any city in 
the country, — proving stability and permanent 





F. N. Archibald Co., is a IMassachusetts corpora- 
tion, located at 60 Phoenix row, and ensjag'ed in the 
manufacture of cut soles. It was incorporated in June, 
1915. The officers are: Freelon N. Archibald, presi- 
dent and treasurer; George H. Marquette, vice- 
president and manager, and Wallace Archibald, sec- 
retary. Freelon N. Archibald, the president of the 
corporation, was born in Poland, Me., December 2, 
1854, and received a common school education. In 
1902 and 1903, he served as alderman in Haverhill, 
being president of the board in the latter year. He 
came to Haverhill in 1879 and engaged in business, 
and his progress since has been steady and uninter- 
rupted. He is married and has two sons. 

George Henry Marquette, vice-president and 
manager of the company, was born in Haverhill, 
March 10, 1883, and was educated in the Haverhill 
grammar schools. Before becoming identified with 
the Archibald company, he was with C. W. Arnold & 
Co., as salesman, for 13 years. He is married and 
has one child, and is a Mason, and a member of the 
Agawam club and United Commercial Travelers. 


HAVERHILL has the best high school stad- 
ium east of the Mississippi River. It came 
into being through the enterprise of a group 
of Haverhill citizens and was made possible by the 

generosity of the Haverhill public. Embracing 10 
acres all graded, with four and one-half acres en- 
closed with an eight-foot concrete fence and includ- 
ing separate gridiron, baseball diamond and running 
track, the Stadium situated on Lincoln Avenue, just 
out of the heart of the city cost about $26,000. An 
immense stand, erected of wood on cement founda- 
tion and posts, accommodates 4500 people and there 
are temporary stands used for either baseball or 

Shower baths and complete plumbing facilities 
are placed beneath the big stand and outside the en- 
closure there is ample room for the parking of auto- 
mobiles. The Stadium, or Playstead, was built in 
1916 and Dartmouth and Georgetown clashed there 
in October, being the first college football contest 
ever staged in Haverhill, Georgetown winning 10-0. 
The field is held by an association of business men 
and any profits from athletics at the High School 
are turned in to reduce the debt. Edwin A. Sheri- 
dan is president of the Haverhill High School Ath- 
letic Field Association which controls the Stadium. 

All college men and others who have seen the 
field proclaim it the most modern of its kind and 
particularly well equipped for its size. 

Haverhill leads the world in the manufacture of 
low cut shoes, and stands third in the country in the 
value of manufactured boots and shoes, turned, Mc- 
Kay and welts. 




The Haverhill National Bank, the city's third 
oldest banking institution, was granted its original 
charter in 1836. The first location was on Main 
street, just above the present entrance to the dis- 
trict court. Some years later it removed to 83 
Merrimack street and in 1883 occupied the quarters 
in the Masonic building at 117 Merrimack street. 

By 1913 the location became too small to accom- 
modate the rapidly growing business of the bank 
and the property at the corner of Merrimack and 
Emerson streets was purchased. Here the bank 

Under the presidency of the late John E. Gale, 
the bank had a steady growth in the deposit line 
and surplus and profits. With the leadership of 
Henry H. Oilman, who was associated with Mr. 
Gale for many years as vice-president, there is 
certain to be continued progress and prosperity. 

Mr. Gilman has associated with him as vice- 
presidents, N. Woodburn Nichols and Herman E. 
Lewis. Benjamin I. Page is cashier, and Otis E. 
Little assistant cashier. The board of directors is: 

Hazen B. Goodrich, Henry H. Gilman, Herbert 


erected the present handsome seven-story fireproof 
building, furnishing splendid modern offices. 

The new banking quarters were opened for busi- 
ness in June, 1915, providing thoroughly up-to-date 
facilities for all possible demands. 

August 5, 1916, the Haverhill National bank 
purchased the business and good will of the Mer- 
chants National bank, and the combined institutions 
opened for business August 7. This gave the Ha- 
verhill National a commanding position among the 
banks of the city. 

E. Gale, Edwin H. Moulton, N. Woodburn Nichols, 
Charles N. Kelly, John A. Towle, Charles A. Mc- 
Gregor, George C. Wadleigh, Herman E. Lewis, 
Charles W. Eaton, Nicholas C. Johnson, Ransom C. 
Pingree, Moses H. Dow, Charles L. Stevens, Lament 
H. Chick, Dennis T. Kennedy, Charles P. Sumner, 
Fred D. McGregor, William P. McLaughlin, George 
W. Dobbins and Charles Howard Poor. 

The capital of the bank is $200,000, surplus 
and profits over $400,000 and aggregate deposits 




Charles K. Fox, Inc., one of Haverhill's most 
prominent shoe manufacturing concerns, established 
35 years ago by the late Charles K. Fox, and incor- 
porated in 1910, occupies one of the city's largest 
factory buildings, situated at 35 Duncan Street. Mr. 
Fox made for himself an enviable reputation, both 
as a broadminded employer of labor and successful 

Fox Footery is America's premier line of pumps 
and slippers and has a nation-wide reputation. It 
has won its laurels because it cleverly combines 
fashions with quality. It sells to an enormous num- 
mer of most discriminating women of this and other 
countries. The Fox factories have the largest 
output of any firm in the world making exclusively 
ladies' turn sole, low cut shoes and trade territory 
extends to practically every market in the world. 

The officers of the corporation are: — 

President — Lamont H. Chick. 

Treasurer — L. H. Downs. 

Directors — Lamont H. Chick, L. H. Downs, John 
H. Kelso, A. B. Walker, and Charles D. Howard. 


Mr. Grover is identified with the Masonic orders, 
the Rotary club and Pentucket club. He has been 
president of the Chamber of Commerce during the 
period of its expansion, and it was largely due to his 
initiative that the organization adopted the pro- 


Charles H. Grover has been for many years prom- 
inently identified with the retail business activities 
of Haverhill. He is president and treasurer of 
Chas. H. Grover, Inc., dealing in men's retail cloth- 
ing, furnishings and hats. The place of business is a 
modem store at 85 Merrimack street. 

The firm was incorporated in 1907, and has done 
a flourishing business since, dealing in high grade 
standard wearables for men and young men. 


gressive policies through which it became so great a 
force for the betterment of the city. He is chairman 
of the important retail section of the Chamber and 
one of its directors at the present time. 



The First National Bank was organized as a 
state bank on July 25, 1849, under the name of the 
Union Bank and continued business until June 17, 
1864, at the time of the Civil War, when the National 
Bank Act was passed by Congress and the bank de- 
cided to enter the National Banking System, being 
the first bank in Haverhill to join the system. 

by the great fire of 1882, but was immediately re- 

In 1914 the bank purchased the premises at 
Nos. 73 to 79 Washington street, where the present 
beautiful and commodious quarters were provided 
and a bank vault constructed which is the largest 
and strongest in this section. 

g fps 





' "• ■ "m' 


The bank was, in its early days, located at No. 
94 Merrimack street about opposite what is now 
Pecker street. In 1880, as the firms engaged in the 
shoe manufacturing industry were moving west- 
ward to Washington street, the First National, 
which was closely identified with the shoe and leath- 
er business, purchased land at No. 46 Washington 
street and built a new building. This was destroyed 

The First National has ample resources and an 
enviable reputation for reliability and liberality. 

The present oflicers are Charles E. Dole, Presi- 
dent; George F. Carleton, Vice-President, and Fred 
H. Harriman, Cashier. 

Directors. — William E. Bixby, George F. Carle- 
ton, Otis J. Carleton, Charles E. Dole, Sylvanus P. 
Gardner, Fred H. Harriman, John A. Lynch, S. Bur- 


ton McNamara, Austin H. Perry, William A. Rugg, 
William W. Spaulding, Arthur H. Wentworth, Ed- 
ward A. Witherell. 

Growth of Deposits. 

1904 $368,000 

1907 658,000 

1910 1,274,000 

1914 1,755,000 

1917, 2,875,000 

1918 3,410,000 


The career of Robert Anson Jordan, attorney, 
city planner and authority on Colonial antiques, is 
linked to both Boston and Haverhill. He has been a 
member of the Boston municipal government and he 
has held important offices in Haverhill, being at 


present chairman of the Haverhill Planning Board. 
Born in Boston, August 31, 1871, he was educated in 
the Boston English High school, Roxbury Latin 
school, Harvard college, from which he graduated in 
1892, with an A. B. degree, and Boston University, 
where he was given a B. L. degree in 1894. He is 
actively engaged in the practice of law with offices 
at 60 State street, Boston, is a director of the Essex 
National Bank, Haverhill, and one of the city's larg- 
est real estate holders. From 1893 to 1899, he was 
a member of the Republican City Committee of 
Boston, and was an alderman in that city from 1899 
to 1901. He is a member of the Boston Harvard 
club, the Boston Press club. Island club, Agawam 

club, Wachusett club. Royal Arcanum, Washington 
lodge and Mt. Vernon chapter, A. F. & A. M. In 
1897 and 1898 he was on Gen. Thomas R. Mathews' 
Staff of the First Brigade. 

His wife was Edith Myra Taylor, daughter of ex- 
Mayor Oliver Taylor. They were married October 
6, 1896. There are three children, Mary Elizabeth 
Jordan Forsyth, born October 24, 1897; Dorothy 
Jordan, bom October 17, 1901, and Robert Anson 
Jordan, Jr., bom May 10, 1904. 

Mr. Jordan is exceedingly interested in municipal 
advancement. By birth, association and training he 
is closely acquainted with New England ideals and 
his career in Haverhill has exemplified them. His 
residence is the famous Saltonstall house, one of the 
country's perfect Colonial mansions, and his collec- 
tion of New England antiques is one of the most 
interesting and complete of private collections. 


Moses H. Dow conducts one of the most important 
establishments in the Haverhill shoe district, deal- 
ing in shoe goods, linings, satins, velvets, galoons 
and every other accessory of the shoe industry. The 
business was established 35 years ago by H. I. Pink- 
ham, and for eighteen years Mr. Dow was a partner 
in the business. At the death of Mr. Pinkham, Mr. 
Dow purchased the interest of the estate of Mr. 
Pinkham and continued the business in his own 
name. The firm is located at 81 to 87 Washington 
Street, and deals with all the European nations, with 
the exception of the Central Powers, with South 
America and Australia, and with all the American 
markets. Moses H. Dow is a prominent Haverhill 
citizen, and was bom in Hampstead, N. H., in 1861. 


The Groveland Co-operative Bank, which con- 
ducts a strictly co-operative banking business, was 
established in November, 1895, and is located in the 
George building, in Groveland, and also at 111 Mer- 
rimack street, in Haverhill. The trade territory of 
the bank is Haverhill and Groveland. The current 
rate of interest paid to shareholders is five and a 
half per cent, per annum. Five dollars deposited in 
this bank each month for twelve years, making a 
total deposit of $720, accumulates interest, at the 
present rate, so that at the end of the period, the 
depositor can withdraw from the bank $1007. 

The officers of the bank are: President, E. H. Par- 
ker; vice-president, William T. Pike; treasurer, 
George Mitchell. 

Directors: E. H. George, S. B. George, John Ma- 
gee, Allen G. Twombly, Edward McCormick, Walter 
H. Spofford, Edward L. Sides, Harry W. Vaughan, 
Albert H. Amazeen and George Mitchell. 



The Haverhill Trust Co. with assets of almost 
three millions of dollars, is one of the city's promi- 
nent banking institutions. It was established May 

14, 1891. The bank occupies its own building at 163 
Merrimack Street, and has recently remodelled the 
banking rooms to furnish adequate facilities for its 
increasing business. George W. Lennox is presi- 

dent; Lewis H. Giles is vice-president and treasurer, 
and Irving L. Keith is a vice-president. The direc- 
tors are: — Albert B. Blaisdell, Lawrence Callaghan, 
Charles C. Chase, Lester A. Colby, George H. Dole, 
W. Eugene Ellis, Lewis H. Giles, Milton A. Gilpin, 
Daniel C. Hunt, Irving L. Keith, David R. Knipe, 
George W. Lennox, George Nichols, 2nd, Edson W. 
Noyes, D. S. Frank Page, Austin E. Ruddock, John 
W. Russ, John J. Ryan, Arthur R. St. Onge, Fred J. 
Thompson and Robert L. Wright. The report of the 
condition of the company at the close of business 
October 1, 1918, was as follows: — 

Loans $2,225,630.85 

Stocks and Bonds 261,445.26 

Due from Banks and Cash 497,276.36 
Banking House and Fix- 
tures 68,110.54 

Other Assets 1,666.09 


Capital Stock $200,000.00 

Surplus 40,000.00 

Undivided Profits 83,950.15 

Deposits 2,729,649.39 

Other Liabilities 529.56 





Pew citizens of Haverhill have had a career bet- 
ter illustrating the opportunities awaiting the wide- 
awake young man than Arthur R. St. Onge, who, five 
years after entering business, is a member of the 

Board of Parli Commissioners, director of two banks, 
and one of the leading clothiers of the city. He was 
born in Haverhill, July 23, 1875, and was educated in 
the Haverhill public schools. He has a wife and four 
children, Victor A., aged 13; Lucien R., aged 11; Al- 
cide R., aged eight, and Hubert J., aged eight months. 
The Clever Clothes Shop, of which he is the sole 
owner, is one of Haverhill's busiest men's stores, 
situated at 25 Essex street. It was established in 
a small way, in 1907, and has since enjoyed a healthy 
growth, specializing in Sherman- Welton-Steefel, 
Strauss & Connor's "Clever Clothes," and Hick- 
ey-Freeman's celebrated lines. The novel motto of 
the store has been "We Want Your Business," and in 
pursuance of this policy, the establishment has built 
up a remarkably fine trade. Very recently the store 
had installed the latest models of fixtures and show 
cases. Mr. St. Onge is a member of Haverhill lodge, 
165, B. P. 0. E.; Haverhill council, K. of C; St. Jean 
Baptiste society, L'Orpheon club, of which he is 
treasurer; Haverhill Boys' club, Rochambeau club, 
Court Napoleon I, Foresters of America, Haverhill 
lodge, 848, L. O. O. M.; Court St. Joseph, 953, Cath- 
olic Order of Foresters; Les Patriotes Independents, 
and the Haverhill Rotary club. He is a director of 
the Haverhill Trust Co., Haverhill Mor; is Plan Bank 
and Haverhill Chamber of Commerce. 


Perhaps none of Haverhill's business men is more 
widely known than John H. Sayward, creator of the 
famous slogan, "Do It Now," and one of New Eng- 
land's most prominent figures in the hardware trade. 
Born July 23, 1868, in Center Harbor, N. H., he was 
educated at the New Hampton, N. H., Business Col- 
lege. In December, 1882, his businss career began 
and since that time has been a continued success. 
He conducts a retail hardware, cutlery, paint, varnish 
and fishing tackle establishment in Haverhill, is one 
of the largest stockholders in the Atlantic Coast 
Hardware Co. of Boston. His place in the business 
world is attested by the fact that he is a past presi- 
dent and chairman of the advisory board of the New 
England Retail Hardware Dealers' Association, a 
trustee of the Pentucket Savings Bank, a director of 
the Haverhill Co-operative Bank, Haverhill Morris 
Plan Bank and Atlantic Coast Hardware Co., of Bos- 
ton; a member of the National Retail Hardware 
Dealers' Association, Boston Chamber of Commerce, 
and Massachusetts State Board of Trade. His so- 
cial life is as wide, for he is a member of Saggehew 
lodge, Haverhill council and Pentucket chapter, Ma- 
sonic bodies; Haverhill commandery. Knight Tem- 
plars; Allepo Temple, Mystic Shrine; Merrimack 
Valley lodge of Perfection, Palestine lodge, K. of P.; 
Rathbone temple, P. S.; John G. Whittier council. 


Royal Arcanum; Burtt lodge, 53, A. O. U. W.; A. O. 
U. W. Benefit Association, Haverhill Chamber of 
Commerce, Pentucket club and Haverhill Rotary 



The Pentucket Savings Bank, another of Haver- 
hill's savings institutions, was incorporated in 1891. 

The bank is located at 42 Washington street. On 
February 1, 1917, the total assets of the bank were: 
$2,455,134.55. Deposits from $1 to $1000 are re- 

ceived daily at the bank and are put upon interest 
on the first day of February, May, August and No- 
vember. The bank allows deposits to accumulate to 
$2000 by addition of dividends. Dividends are com- 
puted February 1 and August 1, upon sums then on 
deposit and which have been on deposit for three or 
six months preceding. Money may be withdravra on 
any business day. The banking hours are from 9 
to 2 o'clock, on each business day except Saturday, 
when the hours are from 9 to 12.30 o'clock. The 
officers of the bank for 1917 are: 

President, Joseph W. Vittum; vice-presidents, 
George H. Carleton, Daniel C. Hunt. 

Trustees, George F. Carleton, George H. Carle- 
ton, Willard G. Cogswell, Joseph I. Curtis, George 
W. Dobbins, Arthur F. Durgin, Daniel G. Fox, James 
W. Harris, Daniel C. Hunt, Nicholas C. Johnson, J. 
Frank Nichols, Fred W. Peabody, John H. Sayward, 
Irving F. Sleeper, Joseph W. Vittum. 

Board of investment: George F. Carleton, James 
W. Harris, Daniel C. Hunt, Joseph W. Vittum. 

Auditors: Willard G. Cogswell, Daniel C. Hunt, 
Daniel G. Fox. 

Treasurer: Henry B. George. 

Teller: H. Ivan Hall. 




William Edward How is a native of Haverhill, 
and was born January 10, 1858. He was educated 
in the Haverhill common and high schools, and was 
graduated from Amherst college, in the class of 

stationery, also handling specialties in cutlery, fancy 
leather goods, fountain pens, typewriters and type- 
writer suplies, filing cabinets and loose leaf books. 


1881. He is a stationer on Washington square, 
where he conducts a model store. He was the first 
secretary of the Haverhill Board of Trade, and when 
the Haverhill Advertising club was formed he was 
elected as its first president. This organization in- 
itiated the campaign for the new White Way and 
succeeded in raising the major portion of the sub- 
scription. Later, the Haverhill Rotary club was 
formed, largely through Mr. How's efforts, and he 
was named as its first president. In this manner he 
has been one of the first principal officers in every 
association formed in Haverhill to stimulate indus- 
try and civics. Before becoming engaged in the 
business of stationer, he was a newspaper worker 
and was editor of the Haverhill Daily Bulletin, the 
Lowell Daily Times, the Syracuse, N. Y., Daily Her- 
ald. He was a charter member of Haverhill lodge, 
165, B. P. O. E.; and a charter member of the Wa- 
chsett club. He is a Mason, a member of the U. O. 
G. C, and a director of the Haverhill Chamber of 

Mr. How is the sole owner of the stationery firm 
in which he is interested. In 1897, he succeeded the 
old firm of C. C. Morse & Son, which had been in 
business 29 years. The store is located at 27 Wash- 
ington square, and deals in social and commercial 


William Henry Moody, Haverhill's most distin- 
guished jurist, was born in Newbury, Mass., Dec. 23, 
1853, the son of Henry L. and Melissa Augusta (Em- 
erson) Moody. He was graduated at Phillips (An- 
doverj Academy 1872; A. B., Harvard, 1876; studied 
law in the office of Richard H. Dana, Boston; (L. L. 
D., Amherst and Tufts Colleges, 1904;) admitted to 
the bar in 1878 and began practice at Haverhill. He 
was City Solicitor 1888-90; District Attorney for the 
Eastern Dist. of Mass. (Essex County) 1890-95; 
elected to the 54th Congress to succeed the late Gen. 
William Cogswell for his unexpired term in 1895, 
and was re-elected for the next three terms, 1897- 
1903; resigned from the 57th Congress April 30, 
1902, to become Secretary of the Navy under Presi- 
dent Roosevelt, holding this place in the Cabinet 
from May 1, 1902, to July 1, 1904. He became At- 
torney-General of the United States July 1, 1904, 
serving until Dec. 16, 1906. On the following day he 
was appointed associate Justice of the U. S. Su- 
preme Court, where he served with distinction and 


honor until compelled by ill health to retire on Nov. 
20, 1910. 

The last years of his life were spent in his beau- 
tiful home on Saltonstall Road in this city, where he 
died July 2, 1917. 



The Merrimack National Bank, occupies an in- 
teresting place in Haverhill's banking world, for 
having rounded out a century of existence, it is the 
oldest bank in Haverhill, and is now, after 104 years 
of steady progress one of the city's strongest and 
most popular financial institutions. The bank was 
established in 1814, and the banking house is located 
at 20 Washington Street, in a building which has 
been reconstructed to meet the demands of a modern 
banking institution. 


Trade in Haverhill. 

The Haverhill Chamber of Commerce represents 
organized optimism. 

The Chamber is working all of the time for all of 
the people. 

One way to make money is to spend it in boosting 
community business. 

When away from Haverhill, don't be a back- 
slider. Write "Haverhill" on the hotel register as 
if you meant it. 

The close-fisted miser who is afraid to invest a 
dollar in boosting his ovioi city should remember that 
shrouds have no pockets. 



The Merrimack National Bank has had a wonder- 
ful history because it has carried on a commercial 
banking business for more than a hundred years 
without a default. The demands of its present pa- 
tronage are so great that three floors of the bank 
building are occupied, and on each of the three floors, 
served by electric elevators, are special rooms for 

Charles W. Arnold, a prominent figure in the 
city's business life, is president of the bank, and as- 
sociated with him is a group of leading business 
men and citizens, as follows: — 

Vice-president — John L. Hobson. 

Cashier — Arthur P. Tenney. 

Assistant Cashier — C. Archie Home. 

Directors — Warren Kimball, John L. Hobson, Al- 
fred Kimball, Arthur D. Veasey, Osman S. Currier, 
Charles L. Briggs, Charles H. Davis, Charles W. 
Arnold, Myron L. Whitcomb, Charles Gleason, Ira J. 
Webster, Eugene T. Adams, Fred M. Hodgdon, Sher- 
man H. Marshall, Henry L. Taylor, Robert D. Trask, 
Grant H. Fairbanks, Arthur L. Hobson, Charles W. 
Arnold, Jr., Arthur H. Veasey, Harry E. Adams. 

"I like to see a man proud of the place in which 
he lives. I like to see a man live in it so that his 
place will be proud of him. Be honest, but hate no 
one; overturn a man's wrong-doing, but do not over- 
turn him unless it must be done in overturning the 
wrong. Stand with anybody that stands right. Stand 
with him while he is right, and part with him when 
he goes wrong." — Abraham Lincoln. 





The Taylor-Goodwin Company is one of the lead- 
ing coal and lumber yards of Essex County. The 
original concern was organized in 18 and incor- 
porated in 1894. Under the able management of the 


late George M. Goodwin, it was developed into one 
of the largest enterprises of the city, and today, 
through its efficient services to the public, is play- 
ing an important part in making Haverhill a "big- 
ger, better, and busier city." 

Harold M. Goodwin, President and Treasurer, was 
bom in Haverhill, April 7, 1886. He was educated 
in the public schools of the city and graduated from 
Harvard University in 1908. He was married in 
1914 to Mary Parker Hubbard, also of Haverhill, 
and they have one son. Mr. Goodwin is a member 
of the Rotary, Monday Evening, Pentucket and Aga- 
wam Clubs, and a director of the Y. M. C. A. 

Since the death of his father, George M. Good- 
win, in 1909, he has been actively engaged in busi- 
ness and connected with various banking institutions 
about the city, including the Essex National Bank, 
Haverhill Savings Bank, and the Haverhill Morris 
Plan Company. He is also administrator of his 
father's estate which embraces one of the largest 
real estate holdings in Haverhill. 

The Essex National Bank was formed July 5, 
1851, as a state bank. E. J. M. Hale was the first 
president. The bank afterward became a national 
bank and has continued in business in Haverhill un- 
interruptedly since its organization. 

It has a Savings Department as well as all the 
ordinary branches of a national bank. 

The advance made by the bank during the past 
ten years is evidenced by the following: 

1907 1918 

Deposits, $220,190.47 $1,747,693.12 

Surplus, 20,000.00 100,000.00 

Undivided Profits, 22,489.94 50,205.26 

The Directors are: Charles A. Pingree, President; 
Perley Leslie, Vice-President; John S. Mason, Har- 
old M. Goodwin, George E. Kimball, Robert A. Jor- 

The following constitute the office force: Fred L. 
Tovimsend, cashier; James C. Pease, paying teller; 
A. Raymond Reed, receiving teller; W. Harold 
Whiting, clerk; Anna C. Pierce, savings depart- 
ment; Katherine Palmer, bond department; Maude 
E. Dow, Maude H. Murray, bookkeepers. 

The bank has worked upon the policy of personal 
service, giving the same interest to small accounts 
as to large accounts, and always considering the 
interests of the city of Haverhill. 

Save your dues and more by telephoning the 
Chamber of Commerce for information about all 
advertising schemes. 


Are you engaged in business? 

If you are, you know the meaning of competition. 
You know what it means to have men in the same 
line of business seeking out the trade and traffic you 
desire to secure. 

This is an age of competition; an age of keen 
competition and it is getting keener. Business houses 
are continually seeking up and down the highways 
and byways for men who can devise and execute 
ways and means of producing more business. 

And as there is a competition between business 
houses, so also is there a competition between com- 
munities; and quite as keen, too. Cities and toviTis 
are applying to their development the same princi- 
ples that successful business houses are applying to 

As the condition of any business in a given com- 
munity is more or less — and generally more than 
less — measured by the general conditions in that 
community, community competition becomes a per- 
sonal, a vital matter to you. 

Therefore, you as a business man cannot afford 
not to join with your business competitors in meet- 
ing the competition your community is experiencing 
with other communities. — "The Efficient Citizen." 



The D. D. Chase Lumber Co. has been, for 72 years, 
a prominent factor in Haverhill commercial life. The 
firm deals in lumber and other building materials. 
The business was established by Abel Chase in 1845, 
and was continued by him until 1850, when he took 
in partnership his oldest son, David D., and it was 
carried on until 1855, as A. Chase & Son, at which 
time A. Washington Chase, the second son bought 
out the interest of his father, and the firm was car- 
ried on as D. D. & A. W. Chase until 1865, when it 
was sold to E. E. Stimpson. It was carried on 
under that name until 1897, when it was sold to the 
present owners, Charles D. Porter and Charles H. 
Croy, who have continued it under the title of The 
D. D. Chase Lumber Co. The firm was incorporated h. croy 

in 1905, with the following officers: — Charles H. 
Croy, Charles D. Porter, and Henry L. Stone. The 
firm has an extensive establishment at 9 Washing- 
ton Avenue, where the office and lumber yard are 

Charles Hudson Croy, president of the company, 
was bom in Newbum, Shelby County, Ohio, March 
26, 1858, and was educated in the public schools. He 
is married and has two children. He is a member 
of the Pentucket club. Rotary club, affiiliated with 
the Masonic and Odd Fellows, vice-president of the 
City Five Cent Savings Bank, president of the Hill- 
dale Cemetery Corporation. He was elected Mayor 
on Dec. 3, 1918, to serve the two year term of 

Charles Dudley Porter, treasurer of the company, 

is a native of Haverhill, was bom August 27, 1863. 
He was educated in the Haverhill schools and Har- 
vard College. He is secretary of the trustees of the 
Haverhill Public Library, treasurer of Hilldale Cem- 
etery Corporation, a trustee of the Haverhill Savings 
Bank, and is a member of the Pentucket club. Island 
Golf club, Fortnightly club, Rotary club of Haver- 
hill, the St. Botolph club and Harvard club of Boston. 


The Haverhill Gas Light Company is one of the 
leading public service corporations in the Merrimack 
Valley, being the only concern engaged in the manu- 
facture and sale of illuminating gas in Haverhill and 
adjoining towns. The office of the company is at 30 
Washington Square, and the manufacturing plant, 
which is equipped in a modern manner, is at 284 
Winter Street. The firm manufactures and dis- 
tributes gas for lighting, cooking and heating, and 
sells gas appliances of all kinds. The trade territory 
includes, in addition to Haverhill, the towns of Grove- 
land, Merrimac, and the Merrimacport district. 

The officers of the company are: — 

President — Frederick P. Royce. 

Vice-president — Marcy L. Sperry. 

Treasurer — Henry B. Sawyer. 

Manager — F. M. Roberts. 

General Managers — Stone & Webster. 


The Haverhill Box Board Co., manufacturers of 
box boards and Calno Wall Board, is one of Ha- 
verhill's principal industrial plants, and the product 
of the company ranks, in value of output, second in 
the city's commerce, being exceeded only by the 
city's total output of boots and shoes. The officers 
of the company are: — 

President — Cravirford Fairbanks. 

Secretary, Treasurer, and Manager — Grant H. 

Superintendent — Andrew Muirhead. 

The company was established in 1902, and the 
office and manufacturing plant are located on Kim- 
ball Street, Bradford district. The company manu- 
factures all grades of board for paper boxes, clay 
coating, and lithographic work. The trade territory 
of the concern extends throughout New England and 
New York, and the Calno Wall-Board, manufactured 
by the company, is used in all countries. 

Grant H. Fairbanks was born February 18, 1877, 
Joplin, Missouri, and was graduated from Princeton 
University in 1897. Since completing his college 
course he has been engaged in the manufacture of 
paper and box boards. He is married and has three 



Alex. Roberts Company, dealers in cotton rags 
and shoe cuttings, making a specialty of the latter, 
began business in Haverhill nearly forty years ago 
when Alexander Roberts came to this city with his 
family from Yorkshire, England. The son of the 
founder of the business, Alexander Jr., born in 
Yorkshire Feb. 26, 1868, entered the company after 
finishing his education in the public schools of this 
city, and later on he was joined by his brother, 
George, who was bom in Lawrence May 13, 1875, 
and also educated in this city. On the death of their 
father the sons formed a company and continued the 
business under the present name. 

Since 1880 the name of Roberts has been syn- 
onymous with square dealing and sterling integrity 
among their business associates in Haverhill. From 
a small beginning the business has grown to be one 
of the largest of its kind in New England, until to- 
day is occupies the substantial set of buildings 
shoviTi in the illustration, with its ovm side-track 
and modem equipment. 

Alexander Roberts is married, is a member of 
the Odd Fellows and Haverhill Chamber of Com- 
merce. George Roberts is married and has two 
children. He is a member of the Loyal Order of 


'lllh" PLANT ClK the; Al.lllX. liijl : l':ilTS CUMl'ANV. ilAl.l-: .ST, 





The firm of Liberty-Durgin, Inc., which was in- 
corporated Aug. 4, 1914, had made a remarkable 
success in the manufacture of women's turn boots 
and slippers, featuring the "Miss Haverhill" line, 
when the United States entered the war in 1916, 
and the firm secured large orders for haversacks, 
pack carriers and other army equipment and was 

among the first concerns in this locality to change 
over its factory to this kind of work. Up to the 
closing of the year 1918 several million dollars worth 
of work had been done for the United States Anriy, 
the product ranking among the best furnished to 
the Quartermaster's Department. 

Since its first beginnings on Army contracts Lib- 





also the 

erty-Durgin Inc., has been constantly expanding 
their business and now occupy all of the two large 
connecting buildings on Duncan street shown in the 
illustration, as well as large cutting rooms in other 

The officers of the corporation, who are 
principal stockholders, are Capt. Fred P. 
treasurer; Bernard L. Durgin, president; 
Starkie, clerk. Since Capt. Liberty won his com- 
mission in the Quartermaster's Department, U. S. 
A., Mr. Durgin has been in active charge of the 
business and Mr. Starkie has been general superin- 
tendent of manufacturing. 

Capt. Frederick P. Liberty, treasurer of the cor- 
poration, was born in Renovo, Pa., June 9, 188.5. He 
was educated in the public schools and Sacred Hearts 
College, and came to Haverhill as a young man. He 
is married and has four children. He has recently 
purchased a beautiful home in Merrimac, Mass. He 
is a member of the Agawam and Rotary clubs and 
several other local organizations. 

Bernard L. Durgin, president of the corporation, 
was born in Haverhill June 16, 1889, and was edu- 
cated in the public and high schools of this city. He 
is a member of the Masonic fraternities, the Aga- 
wam and Rotary clubs of this city. He is unmarried. 


The awakening of the public conscience in many 
cities is shown by the development of its commercial 
organizations within a few years. Haverhill, Lynn, 
Lawrence, Taunton, Worcester, Brockton, Portland, 
Maine, all have greatly increased their membership, 
revenue and efficiency by means of membership cam- 
paigns and have at the same time added to their 
prestige and power. 

Business prosperity depends upon the ability of a 
people to produce and earn, so that they may buy 
and pay. Business must have a human basis. The 
grade of a business depends upon the grade of its 
human background. To build up the humanity of a 
community is the surest way of building up the bus- 
iness of a community. This is what the Chamber of 
Commerce primarily does. It co-ordinates the work 
of the man. It keeps him busy working for the 
town. The result of his labors is to make the town 
better, — better for the people, and, logically, better 
for business. 

The Chamber of Commerce capitalizes the ideals 
and the ideas. They are the highest product of man's 
handiwork. The high aims of the trade board de- 
serve the support of every patriotic citizen. The 
lofty sentiments of its creation demand your atten- 
tion. They call forth your pride in your town and 
your hope for its growth. If you are faithful, you 
will enlist. 

DANIEL N. CASEY, Secretary, 
Haverhill Chamber of Commerce. 


Fred R. Smith, real estate and insurance, is a 
native of Salem, N. H., where he was bom Feb. 14, 
1879, coming to Haverhill when a boy with his 
parents. His father, John F. Smith, was for many 


years a leading insurance agent of this city, estab- 
lishing an agency here in 1865. 

Mr. Smith was educated in the public schools of 
Haverhill, graduating from the High school in 1898. 
He entered the insurance business with his father in 
1900. He has been prominent in athletics both dur- 
ing his school career and since. 

He is a member of the various Masonic bodies in 
Haverhill, the Odd Fellows and the Pentucket and 
Agawam clubs. He is also first lieutenant of the 
142nd Machine Gun Company, Mass. State Guard. 

Although he succeeded his father in an extensive 
business, he has continued to build it up and expand 
it by fair and honorable dealings to one of the larg- 
est in the county. 

If you are not a member of the Haverhill 
Chamber of Commerce you are missing one 
of the greatest opportunities for SERVICE in 

your city. 



Matthew J. Fowler, the leading optometrist and 
optician in this city, began business in Haverhill in 
March, 1907, and since then has built up a fine and 
constantly broadening clientele. 

Born at St. Catherine, Ont., May 31, 1879, he 
was educated in the public and high schools of 
Buffalo, N. Y., later learning under private instruc- 
tion lens grinding and optics, in which he became an 

Since coming to this city Mr. Fowler has been 
prominent in the social and business life of the 
community. He is now vice president and treasurer 
of the Haverhill Chamber of Commerce, chairman 
of the Mass. State Board of Optometry, a director in 


the Haverhill Co-operative and Morris Plan banks 
and a director of the Haverhill Boys Club. 

Mr. Fowler is a member of Saggahew Lodge 
A. F. & A. M., Pentucket Chapter, Haverhill Com- 
mandery, K. T., Lodge of Perfection, Consistory 
32nd Degree, Palestine Lodge K. of P., Haverhill 
Lodge of Elks, and the Pentucket, Agawam, Rotary 
and Merrimack Valley Country Clubs. 

Mr. Fowler was married in 1907 to Miss Daisy 
Longley and lives at 259 Main street. He is the 
sole owner of the M. J. Fowler, Inc., incorporated 
in 1907, which he founded at 171 Merrimack St., and 
is the only firm in the city carrying a complete stock 
of lenses and an equipment for grinding any lens 
made. His specialties are Kryptok invisible bifocal, 
Toric and all special ground lenses for the eyes. 


The Haverhill Co-operative Bank, the oldest in- 
stitution of its kind in this vicinity, was incorporated 
Aug. 20, 1877, and has shown a steady and pros- 
perous growth. 

Officers and Directors are: James G. Page, 
Treas.; James W. Harris, Pres.; Directors: Charles 
A. Bodwell, George A. Childs, Charles H. Clark, Ed- 
ward A. Fitts, Matthew J. Fowler, George E. Frye, 
James W. Harris, Eugene J. Kempton, Sam A. Mc- 
Gregor, Benjamin I. Page, James G. Page. 

This bank, which for many years was located in 
the Masonic Building, now occupies fine offices at 
9 Emerson Street, in the Haverhill National Bank 

The following recent financial statement (Nov. 
4, 1918) shows the high standing of this bank, which 
has helped thousands of workingmen to build homes 
in Haverhill and vicinity: 


Cash $61,772.47 

Interest 10,792.00 

Fines 253.21 

Loans on real estate 1,463,200.00 

Loans on shares 53,045.00 

Mortgages 14.00 

Liberty Bonds 25,000.00 


Dues Capital $1,320,781.00 

Forfeited share account . . 655.35 

Surplus 12,780.38 

Guaranty fund 24,828.68 

Due on Uncompleted Loans 5,575.00 

Personal Account 500.00 

Profits 248,956.27 



There is a difference between kicking and knock- 
ing. The knocker is out of place everywhere, but the 
kicker has a right to kick about the weak points and 
mistakes made by the city, providing he is willing to 
help repair the weak points and correct the mistakes. 

The knocker is sometimes considered a dangerous 
individual. Habitual knocking indicates a diseased 
mind of the individual, who seems to delight in 
knocking a city and the institutions and the men who 
are devoting their time for the upbuilding of the 
common good, but do not worry. 

It does not require a specialist to cure this kind 
of mental disease. Here is a recipe. It isn't patent- 
ed, so use it freely. Just quietly ask him, "What 
have you ever done to make the city better or to 
help any one but your selfish self?" 





There is no more interesting association in Ha- 
verhill, than the partnership of William H. Butler 
and Ernest Downing Haseltine. The senior partner, 
Mr. Butler, has lived and worked in Haverhill for 29 
years, has always been one of the city's most prom- 
inent church workers, an energetic and conscientious 
leader of the Haverhill No-License league, and in the 
forefront of every moral movement waged in Haver- 
hill during the past decade, prominent in which were 
his efforts as president of the Haverhill Civic Asso- 
ciation which secured for Haverhill her present form 
of city charter. The junior partner, Mr. Haseltine, 
is a Haverhill boy, and when he reached his 20th 
birthday, he was married and engaged in manufac- 
turing. He is one of the best known of the city's 
young men, is prominent socially and respected in 
business circles. 

The firm of Butler & Haseltine was established in 
1913, and is engaged in the manufacture of shoes at 
113 Essex street, specializing in the manufacture of 
ladies' fine turned boots and low cuts, and is recog- 
nized as making the finest line of white shoes in the 
country. The shoes from this factory are sold 
throughout the United States, in Canada, Cuba, Por- 
to Rico and Australia. 

William H. Butler was born in Weymouth, Nova 
Scotia, Dec. 17, 1871. He received a common school 
education, yet by personal application and a keen 
realization of moral values, he has steadily risen in 
the business world. His associates in the shoe in- 
dustry selected him as president of the Haverhill 

Shoe Manufacturers' Association and he has also 
been president of the Haverhill No-License Associa- 
tion and the Men's club of the Portland Street Bap- 
tist church. He is a director of the Haverhill Mor- 
ris Plan bank, a member of the Pentucket club, Miz- 
pah lodge, I. 0. O. F., and Portland Street Baptist 
church. For 20 years he was associated with the 
Charles K. Pox Co. He is married and has one 

Ernest Downing Haseltine was bom in Haverhill, 
Sept. 1, 1889. He received a grammar school educa- 
tion, but like his partner, steadily advanced through 
his own energy and assiduity. He is a member of 
Aleppo temple of the Mystic Shrine and the Aga- 
wam club. He is married and has one son. 


Chamber of Commerce members who served in 
Uncle Sam's Army and Navy include the following: 
Lt. Col. Thorndike D. Howe, Major H. B. Campbell, 
Major William Henry Root, Captain Francis L. Ball, 
Lieut. Everett Bradley, Ensign Chas. W. Arnold, Jr., 
Sergt. Daniel N. Casey, Sergt. John E. Gale, Arthur 
P. Abrams, Samuel Alter, E. A. Boucher, Clifton A. 
Clarke, Thomas H. Boland, Edward L. McAree, 
Aaron Hoyt, Wm. J. McKeigue, Dr. Joseph M. Mer- 
cille, Ernest Middleton, Fred L. Mosher, Dr. Wm. 
Porell, Emile Lagasse, Peter Vovulis, M. P. Young, 
Harold Winchester, E. A. Haseltine, Louis Swartz, 
Dr. Martin C. Canarie, Dr. Henry Kaplovitch, Joseph 
L. Lennox. 



The Pentucket Mills, located on the Little River 
at Winter street, is one of the oldest industries in 
the city. It has grown steadily since its establish- 
ment and now comprises the large group of build- 
ings shown in the accompanying illustration, has its 
own sidetracks on the Boston & Maine Railroad and 
utilizes both steam and water for power and manu- 
facturing purposes. 

Directors: Nathaniel Stevens, Samuel D. Stevens, 
Moses T. Stevens, Samuel D. Stevens, Jr., and Carl 

John A. Currier is superintendent of the local 

The business was established in 1804 and incor- 
porated in 1901. For many years the late Moses T. 
Stevens of North Andover was its active head, and 


These mills are owned by the M. T. Stevens & 
Sons Co., which also ovsti mills in North Andover 
and other Merrimack valley localities. The present 
officers are as follows: 

President, Nathaniel Stevens. 

Treasurer, Samuel D. Stevens. 

Ass't. Treasurer, Moses T. Stevens. 


When you dictate the day's mail, do not say 
"Replying to your valued favor of the 'steenth, we 
beg to say that," etc. 

You do not "reply" to a letter, but to an argu- 
ment. Use "answer." 

Never "beg." Any free-bom American should be 
ashamed to "beg." 

Then there's the time-worn, ancient-history, clos- 
ing phraseology, such as "Trusting to have your 
early order which shall have our earliest attention." 

Every one looking for orders expects them — 
everyone "trusts," so why not be different and use a 
little more gumption in landing the order. Any pros- 
pect, any patron demands "early attention" else he 
would not give you the order. 

"As per your request" is stiff stuff, fit for the 
court room rather than sales letters. 

his descendants today own and manage the extensive 
mill interests which he built up. 

The Pentucket Mills for over a century has had 
a nation-wide reputation for the excellence of its 
manufactures, which consists of woolens and wor- 
steds. The past two years it has had extensive gov- 
ernment contracts. 

"Of recent date," is a bluff. Why not give the 
exact date, so that the reader may call for the 
proper letter from his files, or call the thing up in 

"Agreeable to your request," is improper, even if 
it were not ear-torturing. The right form is 
"Agreeing to your request," but it is better to use 
something that is really agreeable instead of the 
participial form. 

"Yours received and contents noted." Now 
there's a nice lifeless thing. All wrapped up in un- 
dertaker's weeds. 

Just for a change, try to make your letters hu- 
man, sparkling with interest and friendliness and 
watch the result-rendering responses. — The Thinker. 

The injury of prodigality leads to this — that he 
who will not economize will have to agonize — Con- 




One of the institutions whose progress marks the 
growth of the city for almost a century is the Ha- 
verhill Savings Bank, which was established Febru- 
ary 8, 1828. 

This bank has always aimed to encourage local 
thrift and seeks local investment for its fund, so far 
as is practicable. 

It has over 17,000 depositors and assets of sub- 
stantially nine millions of dollars. 

With a guaranty fund and a profit and loss ac- 
count, maintained at the full amounts permitted by 
law, this bank enjoys high standing. 

It is located at 153 Merrimack street. The offi- 
cers for 1918 are: — • 

President, Wm. W. Spaulding. 

Vice-President, Fred D. McGregor. 

Trustees, John L. Hobson, William H. Floyd, F. 
E. Hutchinson, Wm. E. Bixby, Isaac Poor, Wm. W. 


Spaulding, E. G. Frothingham, Fred D. McGregor, 
Charles E. Dole, Hazen B. Goodrich, Harold M. 
Goodwin, George W. Lennox, Herman E. Lewis, Ira 
A. Abbott, Charles D. Porter, John A. Lynch, Ar- 
thur H. Wentworth. 

Treasurer, Raymond Noyes. 

Clerk, Alfred E. Collins. 

Investment Committee, Wm. W. Spaulding, Fred 
D. McGregor, Herman E. Lewis. 

Auditing Committee, Charles E. Dole, Wm. H. 
Floyd, Fred D. McGregor. 


Occupying one of Haverhill's largest factory build- 
ings, Emery & Marshall Co., established in 1903, has 
progressed until it is one of the leading manufactur- 
ing concerns in the city, being engaged in making 
women's Goodyear welt and turned footwear. The 
seven-story factory building is located on the river 
front, in the rear of 2 to 20 Washington street. 


Sherman H. Marshall is president and treasurer of 
the company. Orlando N. Dana is vice president, and 
Frederick S. Marshall is assistant treasurer. 

The company was incorporated in 1913. The bus- 
iness of the company has constantly increased and 
at present the trade territory extends throughout 
the United States and Cuba. 

Sherman H. Marshall, president and treasurer of 
the company, was born in Haverhill, Dec. 5, 1870. 
He was educated in the Haverhill grammar and 

high schools. He is a member of the Pentucket club 
and is a 32 degree Mason. He is married and has 
one son. 

A fine picture of the Emery & Marshall factory 
will be found on page 28. 


Both the city dweller of Haverhill and the subur- 
ban visitor who does his trading here, appreciate 
the fact that there are in the retail district depart- 
ment stores of metropolitan excellence. Few cities 
of Haverhill's size offer the purchaser so extended a 
variety at such reasonable prices. 

Occupying a high place in the retail business life 
of the city is the firm of Simonds & Adams. It has 
been an institution in Haverhill for years and is 
known wherever the city's trading district extends. 
It is one of the largest and most completely stocked 
department stores in New England. 

The firm owns the large building, 42 to 54 Mer- 
rimack street, the street and basement floors of 
which are occupied exclusively by the company. The 
remainder of the structure is devoted to offices and 
is one of the finest office buildings in the city. 

E. T. Adams and J. F. Ring are the members of 
the firm. The company was established in 1888. 


In building up the industry which won world 
fame for Haverhill, The Dalrymple-Pulsifer Co. has 
played a prominent part, for the firm is knovro wher- 
ever shoes are made. 

The present company is the successor of J. A. 
Dalrymple & Co., continuing in the lines in which the 
original concern was so successful, designing and 
manufacturing artistic shoe bows and ornaments. 

The firm of J. A. Dalrymple & Co. was estab- 
lished January 1, 1889, and was incorporated as the 
Dalrymple-Pulsifer Co. 29 years later, on January 1, 

The place of business is at 88 Washington street. 
The firm has established a world-wide reputation 
and does business throughout the United States and 
in foreign countries. 

The officers of the corporation are: J. A. Dal- 
rymple, president and treasurer; G. Herman Pulsifer, 
vice-president; L. H. Ordway, secretary; and George 
E. Dalrymple, son of the founder of the business. 

Did you ever notice that the big man in a big 
business has to use a lot of time in settling the rows 
of those under him ? 

There is a heavy overhead charge to every row. 

So it is well for those of us who feel inclined to 
row to consider this overhead and compromise; oth- 
erwise it is going to take the time and effort of a 
bigger man to settle it. 





The C. H. Hayes Corporation is one of the most 
extensive business enterprises in Haverhill, control- 
ling large shoe factory buildings, several box fac- 
tories, and, in addition, owning extended areas of 
woodland throughout New England where the raw 
materials for the boxes is secured. 

The firm was established in 1870 by the late 
Charles H. Hayes, who was, during his lifetime, one 
of the leaders in the city's business growth. He was 
president of the old Board of Trade when the big 
Haverhill Boxboard Co. promoters were induced to 
locate here and was largely instrumental in starting 
the first large building boom. 

The company was incorporated in 1902. The offi- 
cers of the corporation are Nellie M. Hayes, widow 
of the founder, Adelaide H. Blaisdell, a daughter, and 
Edmund C. Wentworth. 

The offices and paper box factory, shown in the 
illustration, are located at 36 Granite street, and the 
wooden box and shook factory is at 2 and 3 Hale 

The trade territory of the company includes 
New England, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania 
and Delaware. 

Edmund Clark Wentworth, treasurer and general 
manager of the corporation, was born in Plaistow, 
February 27, 1877. He was educated in the Haver- 
hill schools. In 1916 he was president of the Haver- 
hill Chamber of Commerce. He is a member of the 
several Masonic fraternities, the Pentucket, Rotary 
and Agawam clubs. He is married and has two sons, 


one of whom is a student at Dummer academy and 
the other a student in the Haverhill schools. 



The City Five Cents Savings Bank viras organized 
on April 29, 1870, and commenced business May, 
1870, in the office of the First National Bank, which 
was at that time located on Merrimack street, oppo- 
site what is now the Daggett Building. 

Warner R. Whittier, who was then Mayor of the 
city, was chosen its first president, and Elbridge G. 
Wood, who was cashier of the First National Bank, 
was electred as treasurer. Mr. Wood continued to 
hold the office of treasurer until September, 1876, 
when he resigned and Mr. Noyes, the present treas- 
urer, was elected to that office, which he has held to 
the present time. 

Mr. Whittier resigned as president in August, 

vacancy caused by the death of Mr. Hopkinson. Mr. 
Gardner continued as president until November, 
1917, and Mr. George Nichols, 2nd, son of former 
President John B. Nichols, was chosen to succeed Mr. 
Gardner as president, which office he still holds. 

The following table will indicate the growth of 
the Bank: 


Nov. 1, 1880 $751,623. 

Nov. 1, 1890 1,134,443. 

Nov. 1, 1900 1,816,143. 

Nov. 1, 1910 2,641,354. 

Nov. 1, 1918 3,689,654. 


Profit & 














1877, and was succeeded by Mr. Samuel W. Hopkin- 
son, who served in that capacity until 1881, when he 
declined a re-election on account of his removal to 
Taunton. John B. Nichols succeeded Mr. Hopkinson 
as president and continued to hold that office until 
1896, when he declined a re-election and John E. 
Gale was chosen to succeed Mr. Nichols. 

On July 1, 1904, when the law providing that no 
president of a National Bank should serve as presi- 
dent of a Savings Bank went into effect, Mr Gale 
relinquished his duties as president of the Savings 
Bank, and Mr. Hopkinson, having returned from 
Taunton, was again elected as president and con- 
tinued to serve in that capacity until his death, which 
occurred in June, 1911. 

Mr. Sylvanus P. Gardner was chosen to fill the 

The officers of the Bank are: — 

President, George Nichols, 2nd. 

Vice-presidents, Philip C. Swett, Charles H. Croy. 

Trustees, George H. Bixby, Charles L. Briggs, 
Otis J. Carlton, Charles H. Croy, Sylvanus P. Gard- 
ner, Harlan F. Hussey, Perley Leslie, George 
Nichols, 2nd, Geroge W. Noyes, Charles A. Pingree, 
George H. Bixby. 

Board of Investment, Charles L. Briggs, Charles 
H. Croy, Sylvanus P. Gardner, George Nichols, 2nd, 
Philip C. Swett. 

Auditing Committee, George Nichols, 2nd, Charles 
A. Pingree, George H. Bixby. 

Treasurer, George W. Noyes. 

Clerk of Corporation, Leonard H. Noyes. 

Clerks, Anna Sollenberger, Charles R. Hussey. 



Frank J. Bradley is today one of the important 
figures in Haverhill's shoe world, for he directs two 
important manufacturing firms, Hazen B. Goodrich 
& Company and The Bradley Shoe Company. 

The firm of Hazen B. Goodrich & Company has 
had an interesting history, being one of Haverhill's 
oldest shoe manufacturing concerns. It was estab- 
lished in 1887, succeeding the firm of Goodrich & 

The original firm was founded in 1860 by the 
late Daniel Goodrich and Dudley Porter, and through 

Battery A, of the 102d Regiment, Field Artillery. 
He is still serving his country in France. 

Frank J. Bradley was bom in Methuen February 
25, 1859. He was graduated from Lawrence High 
school. He was an alderman and a member of the 
city council in this city, for one term in each body. 
He is a member of the Pentucket club, Island Golf 
club, North Andover Country club, Boston City club 
and Boot and Shoe Trades club. He was married in 
1888 and has two children, Lieut. Everett Bradley 
and Mrs. George W. Langdon. 


its successors, the firm has continued since until the 
trade-slogan of the firm has become "58 Years of 
Goodrich Footwear." 

From 1885 to 1887 the business was conducted by 
Hazen B. Goodrich alone. In the latter year the 
present company was organized. 

The place of business is 70 Washington street, 
and the firm manufactures fine turns for the retail 

The Bradley Shoe Company is an auxiliary of the 
Goodrich firm, and was established in November, 
1916, vdth a place of business at 115 Essex street. 
Specialties in turned shoes are manufactured. 

Lieut. Everett Bradley is associated with his 
father in this concern, his active connection being 
temporarily closed when he went to France with 


The problem of properly welcoming and caring 
for the wants of the soldiers and sailors of the great 
war upon their return home is being efficiently solved 
by the municipal officials, The Haverhill Chamber of 
Commerce, The Rotary Club and scores of public- 
spirited men and women. 

A Service Club was opened in December, 1918, at 
138 Merrimack St., and has already proved a val- 
uable aid in caring for the men as they return. 
Money is being raised and plans laid for a perma- 
nent club house as a memorial to those who fought 
for the freedom of the world in France in 1917-1918. 

In all the activities of the war the Haverhill 
Chamber of Commerce has taken a leading part. 





Brown & Hutchinson, a firm engaged in design- 
ing, drafting and making shoe patterns, has devel- 
oped a business that has steadily grown until the 
trade territory extends throughout the United States, 
Canada and South America. 

The members of the firm are George W. Brown 
and John Hutchison. The firm was established Octo- 
ber 1, 1909, and the place of business is 120 Wash- 
ington street. 

George W. Brown was bom in Newburyport, 
August 31, 1875, and was graduated from the New- 
buryport High school. He is a member of the Aga- 

wam club, and previous to entering business had been 
for 21 years an expert designer and draughtsman of 
shoe patterns. 

John Hutchinson was bom in Philadelphia Feb. 
9, 1882. He was educated in the public schools. He 
is a member of the Knights of Pythias and Agawam 
club, and is married and has five children. 

Previous to the formation of this firm, he had been 
engaged for 18 years in making shoe patterns, be- 
ginning in the day when the process was exclusively 
hand work and continuing until modem machinerj' 
had been successfully introduced. 


Two business men were talking about a saleman 
who had made a record. 

"Yes," said one, "he has made big sales this year, 
but I wonder how long he can continue doing the 


"Because he makes people buy instead of making 
them want to buy." 

In that last sentence is a whole book of wisdom 
for every salesman. 

Every salesman should ask himself, "Am I mak- 
ing them buy my goods, or am I making them want 
to buy my goods?" 

It is one thing to cram goods down the throat of 

the customer. It is another thing to handle him so 
that he will reach for the goods himself. — The Vag- 


A little work, a little play 

To keep us going — and so good day. 

A little warmth, a little light 

Of love's bestowing — and so good night. 

A little fun tO' match the sorrow 

Of each day's growing — and so good morrow. 

A little trust that when we die 

We reap our sovsdng — and so good-bye. 



In the expansion of the shoe industry of Haver- 
hill during the past ten years no firm has played a 
more prominent part than Cushman & Hebert. 

The firm was established in 1898 and came to 
Haverhill later, moving from Lynn. 

States, and large quantities of shoes are exported 

George Herbert Cushman was bom in Lynn Aug- 
ust 21, 1854, and was educated in that city. He is a 
member of the B. A. A. of Boston, and the Pentucket 


Manufacturing women's McKays, the company is 
a large employer of labor and does an extensive busi- 
ness. G. H. Cushman and Placide Hebert are the 
members of the firm. 

The factory is located at 414 River street, and the 
trade territory includes all sections of the United 

and Island Golf clubs of this city. He is married 
and has two children. 

Placide Hebert was bom July 27, 1857, in New 
Brunswick. He is a member of the Pentucket and 
Island Golf clubs of this city and the Oxford club of 
Lynn. He is married and has seven children. 


The Purgatory is passed. Four years have we 
suffered and sacrificed and out of the chastening 
comes a visible reward. 

It was defeat — the debacle in the Appenines — 
that unified Italy. It was the suffering through 
defeat that glorified France and woke in her people 
their death-daring spirit. It was the surrender on 
the Tigris, the pitiable failure at Gallipoli, the break 
at Cambrai that woke Britain to a full-found 
strength. It was the mistakes, the blunders, the 
tremendous wastage that roused America from her 
muddled dreams and brought her to a realization of 
her need for an efficient participation. 

Out of the years of standing still in shame at 
futile effort, out of the years of deadlock and de- 
feat, came the flanking wedge that broke up the 

Marne, then the leveling of the lines in Picardy, next 
the flanking of the great Line. Now, while the 
Winter closes in we continue our forward march, 
we are out of the shadow of defeat and Victory is 
with us. 

That great pulpit orator, Henry Ward Beecher, 
sounded the blessings of defeat, in: "It is defeat 
that turns bone to flint and gristle to muscle, and 
makes a man invincible. It is defeat that forms 
those heroic natures that are now in ascendancy in 
the world. Man is never so near to ultimate victory 
as when defeated in a good cause." 

Defeat developed Diaz. Defeat found a Foch for 
France. Defeat handed Haig his baton. Defeat has 
brought us to Victory. Be of good cheer, we won! 
—The Thinker. 



The Haverhill Evening Gazette, the only daily 
newspaper published in Haverhill, and one of the 
oldest established newspapers in New England, oc- 
cupies the two modem fireproof buildings shown in 
the accompanying illustration, — a three-story office 
building on Merrimack St. and a model mechanical 
plant in the rear on Merrill's Court. It is published 
every day except Sundays and legal holidays and 
has a sworn circulation in Haverhill and contribu- 
tory territory of 13,500 copies. 

The Gazette is published by a corporation, with 
Robert L. Wright as treasurer and publisher. It 
was built up to its present high standard and pros- 

news service exclusively in its territory, and covers 
thoroughly with a large editorial and reportorial 
staff the city and all nearby towns. Its advertising 
columns are a directory of the business interests of 
the city. 


Ira J. Webster, one of Haverhill's largest and 
most prominent shoe manufacturers, was bom in 
Haverhill on January 16, 1854, and was educated in 
the Haverhill public schools and was graduated from 
the Haverhill high school. 

In 1883 he founded the firm of Ira J. Webster 


perous condition by the late John B. Wright, father 
of Robert L., who was one of the best known editors 
in the United States. 

The Gazette has always prided itself on being 
thoroughly independent, and has printed at the head 
of the editorial columns these words: 


"It aims to be a real friend to the common people 
and believes in the masses more than the classes. It 
espouses every deserving cause and cares nothing 
for so-called party obligations if the people be the 
gainer by advocating an independent policy." 

The Gazette carries the full Associated Press 

Company and conducted it for two years, when the 
firm of Webster & Tabor was formed and continued 
16 years. From that time until 1913 Mr. Webster 
conducted his business independently and the Ira J. 
Webster Co. was incorporated in that year. 

Mr. Webster started business in Phoenix Row 
and later built one of the city's largest factories on 
Vila street, illustrated on page 26. 

The firm makes women's McKay shoes, and the 
trade territory is largely confined to the United 

Mr. Webster is married and has four children. 
He is a member of Haverhill grange, P. of H. 



The Record Publishing Company, a Massachu- 
setts corporation, publishes the "Sunday Record" 
and conducts a general printing business at 17 and 
21 West street, occupying' the entire ground floor 
and basement of its own building, with a new and 
up-to-date pressroom in a building directly in the 
rear. It has a modern newspaper and job printing 
plant, including a 24-page Hoe perfecting press and 
Linotype machines. Lewis R. Hovey is treasurer 
and manager of the company. 

The "Sunday Record" was established by Mr. 
Hovey at No. 4 Main street in 1903 in partnership 
with Dennis A. Long of Lowell. Mr. Long soon sold 
out his interest and the business was incorporated. 

Treasurer Record Publishing Co. 

being later located sucessively in increasingly larger 
quarters in the rear of 108 Merrimack St., 1.5 West 
St. and 24 Locust St. As a newspaper it has 
been a success from its start and has shown a steady 
growth in circulation and advertising patronage, 
being the only Sunday newspaper in its territory. 
It is decidedly independent in its editorial policies, 
always fighting for a larger and better Haverhill. 

"The Record Press," the imprint used by the job 
printing department, has the largest and most com- 
pletely equipped printing plant in northern Essex. 
Its trade slogan is "Anything from a visiting card 
to a newspaper." 


The Citizens' Co-operative Bank, with headquar- 
ters at 81 Merrimack street, is one of the city's most 
popular financial institutions. On March, 1919, the 
balance sheet showed that $706,102 had been lent on 
real estate loans. This institution not only has pro- 
moted the principle of thrift and saving, but it has 
aided in the building of the city through the assist- 
ance it has rendered its patrons in the erection of 

The officers of the bank are: — 

President, Philip C. Swett. 

Vice-President, William W. Spaulding. 

Security Committee, James W. Goodwin, Charles 
A. Pingree and Herman E. Lewis. 

Directors, J. W. Goodwin, H. M. Goodwin, H. E. 
Lewis, C. A. Pingree, W. W. Spaulding, P. C. Swett 
and E. W. B. Taylor. 

The purpose of the bank is to promote regular 
and systematic savings, especially by persons of 
moderate circumstances; to help people to own their 
own homes, build or buy homes, or pay off existing 
mortgages; or to accumulate a fund for future ne- 
cessities. The bank provides a plan by which such 
indebtedness may be paid in small monthly pay- 



Ernest C. Prescott, proprietor of E. C. Prescott 
& Co., dealers in upper leather at 140 Washington 
street, was born August 22, 1869, in Salem, N. H., 


and was educated in the Salem, N. H., Methuen and 
Haverhill public schools. 

He is a member of Merrimack lodge, A. F. & A. 
M., and all the local York rite bodies including the 
Knights Templar, also the Mystic Shrine. He is 
married and has one child. 

Mr. Prescott started in business for himself when 
18 years of age and has continued in business since. 
For two years he was established in South Carolina 
and for seven years in California. 

The E. C. Prescott & Co. firm is the largest in 
Haverhill dealing in upper leather, and the trade 
territory covers New England. 


John J. Ryan, one of Haverhill's most prominent 
attorneys, is a native of this city, a graduate of the 
Haverhill grammar and high schools, Holy Cross 
college and Boston University Law School. 

Upon his graduation from law school he entered 


the law office of the late Mellen A. Pingree and upon 
the latter's death continued the established practice, 
becoming one of the leading lawyers of Massachu- 

He was for an extended period Associate Justice 
of the Central District Court of Northern Essex, 
succeeding to the chief justiceship which he re- 
signed to devote his time to his private practice. 

He is one of the leading figures in the democratic 
party in Massachusetts and has been chairman of 
state and county conventions. He was a charter 

member of the Pr. Mathew Society, and the first 
grand knight of Haverhill Council, No. 202, Knights 
of Columbus. 

He is married and has a son and a daughter. 


Blackburn & Hazeltine, manufacturers of high 
grade women's turn slippers for domestic trade ex- 
clusively, are engaged in business at 62 Washington 
street. The firm was established in 1919, and the 
members are Sherman Chase Haseltine and Edwin 
L. Blackburn. 

Mr. Haseltine was born in Haverhill Dec. 8, 1887, 
attended the grammar schools and was a high school 
student for a year. Determined to secure the neces- 
sary foundation for a thorough business training he 
attended evening schools for three years. He is 
married and has one child, and is a member of many 
organizations, including the Agawam club, and th« 
following Masonic orders: — Saggahew lodge. A. F. 
& A. M., Pentucket chapter, Haverhill council, Ha- 
verhill Commandery, Merrimack lodge of Perfection, 
Mt. Olivet chapter. Rose Croix, Gyles F. Yates coun- 
cil. Princes Jerusalem, Massachusetts consistory, S. 
P. R. S., 32d; and Aleppo temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. 

Mr. Blackburn was born in Groveland in 1889 and 
was educated in the Groveland grammar and high 
schools. He is a member of the Agawam club and 
is married and has three daughters and one son. 


Irving L. Keith, one of the largest manufacturers 
of and dealers in shoe findings in the country, estab- 
lished at 92-94 Washington street, is one of the 
city's most enterprising and successful business 
men. He succeeded to the business of C. P. Bullen, 
established in 1850, which he bought in 1902. 

Mr. Keith is a vice-president of the Haverhill 
Morris Plan Co., and the Haverhill Trust Co. He is 
a Mason, and has a wife and one daughter. 


You and I and all of us 

Feel often out of trim ; 
Life gets us by the throat somehow 

And prospects seem but dim. 
Work's just a burden or a bore. 

No efl^ort seems worth while. 
Until a comrade comes along 

And whispers, "Simply smile!" 

Aye! that's the tonic that we need 

When Life's a hollow game; 
Aye! that's the charm that never fails 

And everything's the same. 
When drab and grey the days creep by 

Our dullness to beguile — 
The whispered word from one we love — 

"Come, honey, simply smile!" 



The partnership of Dole & Childs, undertakers, 
was formed in 1893, and since then the firm has 
become established as a Haverhill institution. 

With an office at 39 Main street, and modem 
garage at 34 Stage street, the firm is one of the 
best equipped in the state. The equipment has been 

Grecian lodge, K. of P., Haverhill lodge, B. P. O. E., 
the Pentucket and Wachusett clubs. He resides at 
35 Mt. Vernon street, and has a son who is a student 
at Dumnier academy. 

George H. Dole was bom in Byfleld, and during 
his residence in Haverhill has played a prominent 


fully motorized, the automobiles replacing 36 horses, 
and the garage accommodates 50 cars. 

George A. Childs is active manager of the firm 
and has personal supervision of the business. He 
was bom in Deerfield, N. H., February 18, 1865, and 
was educated in that town. He is a member of Miz- 
pah lodge, I. 0. O. F., Burtt lodge, A. O. U. W., 


part in civic and business affairs. He has been pres- 
ident of the city council and for four years occupied 
the position of city marshal. He is a 32nd degree 
Mason, a Knight Templar, charter member of Ha- 
verhill lodge, No. 165, B. P. O. E., and a member of 
Mutual Relief lodge, I. O. 0. F, and the Pentucket 


The common problem, yours, mine, every one's. 
Is not to fancy what were fair in life 
Provided it could be — but finding first 
What may be, then find how to make it fair 
Up to our means — a very different thing. 

— Browning. 

That books are of prime importance is proved by 
the result which followed their withdrawal from cir- 
culation for a period of a thousand years. In the 
fifth century of our era two causes combined to de- 
prive the world of books. There was a failure of the 

supply of papyrus, necessitating the use of expen- 
sive parchment, and to this catastrophe was added 
the ecclesiastical narrowness which forbade the cir- 
culation of pagan literature. Homer and Plato were 
interdicted and a glorious company with them. The 
lay population had a choice of reading theological 
commentaries and sermons or of ceasing to read, 
with the result that it became unprofitable either to 
make or write any books other than those necessarily 
used by the priesthood. Ceasing to read, the Euro- 
peans ceased to think progressively. The Classic 
literature, arts, luxuries and sanitation were for- 
gotten and the Dark Ages intervened. — Henry Lewis 
Bullen in The Printing Art. 



Harry T. Plumstead, manufacturer of women's 
shoe patterns, and one of the prominent figures in 
Haverhill shoe circles, was bom in Lynn, and was 
educated in the Lynn public schools. 


His place of business is in the shoe district at 
110 Washington street. He is a member of the Odd 
Fellows and Haverhill lodge, No. 165, B. P. 0. E. 


Thomas F. Cooke & Son, dealers in counters, 
originally, but now dealing exclusively in women's 
soles, are located at 45 Wingate street. The product 
of the concern is sold largely outside of New Eng- 
land, although an extensive business with New Eng- 
land manufacturers is done. 

The members of the firm are Thomas F. Cooke 
and his son, Harold T. Cooke. The former was bom 
in the suburbs of Haverhill and has been a life-long 
resident of the city. The latter is a native of the 
city, is married and has one child. 

There is an inherent something in every success- 
ful man that singles him out and sets him apart. 
He has ideas of his ovsm, and in those ideas he has 
faith so supreme that nothing can shake it. 

through the use of advertising, you are able to pro- 
vide yourself with myriad voices, and you can tell 
your story everywhere to people whom you never 
think of approaching. This factor of advertising and 
publicity in its broadest sense, is the strongest force 
that is now at work in our national life." 


The Hamel Shoe Machinery Company has grown 
in a few years from a comparatively small concern 
to a commanding place in the shoe industry. 

In 1911 the Duplessis Machinery Company be- 
came part of the firm, being followed in June, 1915, 
by the C. K. Fox Machine Works, Inc., and the 
Haverhill Shoe Machinery Company. 

The business has steadily expanded, increasing 
space being acquired, until in April, 1919, the entire 
manufacturing establishment and the executive 
offices were removed to a new plant in Bridgeport, 
Conn., where four large floors are devoted to the 
manufacture of high-grade machinery for the mak- 
ing of welt and turn shoes. 

"Advertising is a voice," says Ivy L. Lee. "As 
a solicitor you can speak to one man and tell your 
story personally. Through the use of printer's ink, 


The company maintains, at its old location in 
Haverhill, a complete service station with a staff of 
expert mechanics and a liberal supply of repair 
parts, and from this station are furnished agents 
and supplies for the users of Hamel machinery in 
Haverhill and vicinity. 



Abram Weston Colby, formerly of the firm of 
Haseltine & Colby at 113 Essex street, was bom 
Nov. 3, 1870, and graduated from the grammar 


school into the shoe factory. He is one of the best 
known shoe manufacturing experts in the city, hav- 
ing charge of the production end of many well 
known concerns before entering business for himself. 
Mr. Colby is now senior partner in the firm of 
Colby & Borden, manufacturers of wood heels, with 
a modern-equipped factory at 9 Stage street. 


W. P. Mcintosh, Principal of Mcintosh's Haver- 
hill Business College, is well and favorably known 
by upward of five thousand past students of Haver- 
hill and vicinity. He is just as well known to the 
local business firms, because he has been supplying 
them with efficient bookkeepers, stenographers and 
clerks for the past twenty-three years. 

When the first successful business school of 
Haverhill was established in February, 1896, W. P. 
Mcintosh came to Haverhill as head teacher in the 
Bookkeeping Department. A few months later he 
formed a partnership with J. C. McTavish and pur- 
chased the College from Bliss Brothers, the found- 
ers of the school. 

In his chosen profession Principal Mcintosh is 
known throughout the New England States as a 
leader. He is an ex-president and also an ex-secre- 
tary of the New England Business College Associa- 
tion. In Masonic circles he is well known to the 
craft, having been for four years secretary of Sag- 
gahew Lodge, A. F. & A. M. 

The College has been popular from the start be- 
cause it rendered a valuable service to business men 
and young people starting out in business life. It 
has outgrown its quarters several times and the 
school rooms now occupy the entire third floor, 100 
feet long, in the Hunking Building, 72 Merrimack 
street. The offices of the College are located on the 
second floor and are in the centre of the retail busi- 
ness district. 

The College aims to give a thorough up-to-date 
training for business, secretarial and civil service 
positions, and its graduates are in such constant de- 
mand that only a fraction of the vacancies offered 
can be filled. 

The College has a yearly enrollment of nearly 
200 pupils in day and evening classes. 





The Haverhill Board of Trade, predecessor of the 
Chamber of Commerce, built the Walnut Street shoe 
factories, a picture of which appears on page 
102. This marked the inception of the modern 
factory-building era. Such a progressive advance, 
at a time when floor space was absolutely unavail- 
able, stamped the organization with a mark of ap- 
proval that amply justifies its existence. The Board 
showed the sound business policy in the erection of 
such buildings, and local capitalists, together with 
others who saw the opportunity, have built steadily 
each year, following the e.xcellent start made by the 
Board of Trade in 1906. 

The Chamber of Commerce has a widely used ad- 
vertising agreement whereby valueless programme 
advertising has been greatly diminished and the num- 
ber of programs issued has notably decreased. Con- 
servatively estimated, this has saved $5,000 a year 
and has permitted at least this amount to be diverted 
to more useful channels. The Chamber has also 
eliminated trading stamps. 

Through a live and efficient legislative committee 
the Chamber of Commerce watches legislation, aid- 
ing those intrusted with the forming of our laws to 
make wise laws, not prejudicial to business, but such 
as will preserve to the people at large all of the 
rights and protection which such a government as 
ours promises. 

In 1909, the Haverhill Board of Trade made such 
a strenuous fight against the establishment of a cen- 
tral station connected with the sprinkler factories at 
heavy initial expense, and several times the present 
cost of maintenance, that the proposition was defeat- 
ed and thousands of dollars saved the factory owners. 


One of the greatest bankers in this country, who 
died recently, said before he died: 

"I don't like publicity. I never shall like it. I 
wasn't brought up to it — when I was young business 
methods were very different. But it has come to 
stay. We might as well act accordingly. I don't 
mean that we have got to open our books but we 
have got to take the public into our confidence on the 
things concerning which it has a right to know." 

It is true of a human life that it finds its highest 
enjoyment in the consciousness of progress. Our 
times of greatest pleasure are when we have won 
some higher peak of difficulty, trodden under foot 
some evil, refused some pleasant temptation for 
truth's sake, been swept out of ourselves by love, 
and felt day by day in such high labours so sure a 
growth of moral strength within us, that we cannot^ 
conceive of an end of growth. — Stopford Brooke. 

The publication of the Haverhill Book has been 
delayed by war conditions and illness of the editor, 
so that several corrections and additions are neces- 
sary. The volume was finished in December, 1919, 
when President Charles N. Kelly was closing his 
second term of office and Nathaniel H. Stackpole 
had succeeded Daniel N. Casey as secretary of the 
Chamber of Commerce, Mr. Casey going to Penn- 
sylvania in the fall as field secretary of the state 
Chamber of Commerce. 

The membership roll of the Chamber has changed 
since the first of April, 1918, and now contains 850 
members. A general plan of reorganization, with 
dues based on a unit system, with a minimum of 
$25 per year, is under consideration at the close of 

Mr. Edward A. Witherell (see page 84) retired 
from the firm of Witherell & Dobibns to take up war 
work. Mr. Dobbins is head of the company operat- 
ing under the old name. 

Mr. Arthur W. Bradley (see page 93) retired 
from the firm of Austin Ruddock Company in 1919 
and engaged in business for himself. 

Mr. Freelon N. Archibald (see page 95) passed 
away in the early fall of 1919, the business being 
continued by his sons. Mr. Geo. H. Marquette, who 
had retired from F. N. Archibald & Co. in 1918, is 
now engared in the manufacture of cut soles as 
G. H. Marquette & Co. at 280 River street. 

Liberty-Durgin Inc., (see page 109) returned to 
the manufacture of ladies fine shoes shortly after 
the close of the war and have greatly increased their 
pre-war business. Mr. Liberty is also interested in 
Cooper-Liberty-Thompson, Inc., on River street, and 
other shoe manufacturing enterprises. 

The firm of Butler & Haseltine see (page 112) 
was dissolved early in 1919, each continuing in bus- 
iness individually in the same building they occupied 
as a firm. 

Men most familiar with any given task may be 
blind to its defects. Their work becomes a matter 
of routine. They think they know it thoroughly, and 
so do not analyse to discover whether they are get- 
ting from it all they should. It is the outside frame 
of mind, as existing in the trained investigators, that 
detects many of these incongruities at a glance. — 
"Successful Banking." 

A youth can now enter business and preserve his 
soul clean. The salesman need no longer be a liar. 
The clerk behind the counter need no longer practice 
deception. — B. C. Forbes, in "Forbes' Magazine."