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THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 
OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 



HAWORTH-PAST AND PRESENT: 



A HISTOKY OF 



ik Ilnnlturm 

6 u 6 



BY J. HORSFALL TURNER, 

AUTHOR OF 

; Nonconformity in Idel, with the History of Airedale College," 
"Independency at Briyhowe" tC'c. 

TWENTY ILLUSTRATIONS. 

ENTERED AT STATIONERS' HALL. 



BRIGHOUSI; : 
J. S. JOWETT, "NEWS" OFFICE. 

MDCCCLXXIX. 



To 

LOED HOUGHTON, D.C.L., 

ANTIQUARY, POET, PATRIOT, 

THESE PAGES, 

ON A SUBJECT OF SPECIAL INTEREST 

To His LORDSHIP, 
ARE (BY PERMISSION) RESPECTFULLY INSCRIBED. 




PREFACE. 

THIS little handbook is the outcome of a conversation the 
writer had with a native of Haworth, who expressed an opinion 
that a history of the township would be as acceptable to the 
inhabitants as to the numerous visitors. Whether this volume 
will fully answer the acknowledged requirements, it is not for 
me to say. I have had the pleasure of gathering the notes, 
and the task of stringing them together. The gathering of 
historic data I have always felt to be a pleasure; the task of 
stringing them together has been almost invariably irksome. 
In the first place, I have little time, and (I ought to add) in the 
second, little ability to do more than I have done. 

The critic will ask, " Why meddle, then ? " Well, I have 
this hobby, and it is one that will favourably compare with 
most hobbies. If this does not disarm him I must plead that 
each one has his sphere, and that local effusions need all the 
encouragement they can command. I have pleasure in 
acknowledging kindly services from the Rev. James Whalley, 
Messrs. A. Holroyd, W. Scruton, and T. Fairbank. 

COLLEGE HOUSE, IDEL, LEEDS. 
October 1st, 1879. 



545231 



CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

TOPOGRAPHY 9 10 

ANCIENT HISTORY. Druidical. Roman. Kirkby's Inquest. Nos- 

tell. The Manors. Barnard's Survey. Subsidy Roll 11 14 

WILLS 1421 

THE MANOR. Birkhead. Midgley. Oxenhope 21 23 

THE CHURCH. Origin. Inscriptions. Chantry 23 32 

INCUMBENTS. Pawson. Wynterburn. Emmott. Halifax. 

Smith. Rawlinge 32 34 

ENDOWMENT. Rebuilding. Tithes. Benefaction 34 36 

REV. E. ROBINSON. Coining. Church Registers. Emmotts ... 3638 

REV. J. COLLIER. REV. E. GARFORTH 39 

REV. R. TOWN. Registers. Exercises 40 41 

REV. J. COLLIER. Ramsdens. Recusants. Token 41 42 

REV. E. MOORE. Middleton. REV. R. MARGERISON. Heywood 4243 
DISSENT. Foster. Rhodes. Smith. Feather. ROBINSON ... 43 44 

REV. T. ELLISON. REV. W. CLIFFORD. JACKSON 45 46 

SEAT HOLDERS. Benefactions 46 49 

REV. I. SMITH. Suspended. Clog and Shoe Wedding. Mr. 

Keighley. Bells 4951 

REV. W. GRIMSHAW. Presentation. Life by Newton, c. 

Relics 5174 

CHURCH REBUILT. REV. J. RICHARDSON. Caveat 74 

REV. J. CHARNOCK. Law Suits. Terrier. Arvill 75 76 

REV. S. REDHEAD. Uproars 76 79 

REV. P. BRONTE. Fennells. Thornton Chapel. Books. Family 
History. Curates. Novelists. Trials. Rev. A. B. 
Nicholls. Marriage of Miss Bronte. Memorabilia. 
Tablet. Graveyard. REV. J. WADE 79100 

METHODISM. Ingham. Grimshaw. Maskew. Greenwood. 

Lee. Catlow. Darney 101 105 

Rev. John Wesley. Whitetield. Grimshaw's Letters. 

Reply to White. Chapel. Ministers 105 113 

BAFHSTS. Hartley. Greenwood. Fawcett's Poem. Crabtree's 

Sermon 113 119 

Rev. I. Slee. Thomas. Oddy. Winterbothom. Bury, Keats. 

Wood. Aldis. Harper. Hall Greeii Chapel ... 119123 



Content*. 

PAOl. 

Ha worth. People. Railway. Astrology. 

Voters. Worsted. Area 123129 

Sowileiis. Ash Mount. The OKI Hall. Ducking Stool ... 129133 

The Grammar School 133 136 

Scandinavian Names. Mytholm. Oxenhope. Valley. Church 136 143 
Captain Edwards. Copley Pedigree. Thomas Parker ... 143146 

Stanbury. Crow Hill Bog. Pond en 147154 

DKMOLITIOX OF HAWORTH CHURCH 155 164 

AUTHORS. Branwell Bronte. Rev. P. Bronte. Bronte 

Hardaker .. 164 



p. 105- 
p. 124. 
p. 129. 
p. 131. 
p. 132. 
p. 137. 
p. 142. 
p. 152. 
p. 169. 
p. 174. 

ADVERTISEMENT. 

Nonconformity in Idel, with the History of 
Airedale College." 

free for 3s. 



ILLUST1 

Haworth Church, Frontispiece. 
,, Parsonage p. viii. 
Church (East) p. 30. 
Emmott, or Old Hall p. 38. 
Rev. P. Bronte ... p. 73. 
Thornton Chapel ... p. 81. 
,, Parsonage p. 82. 
( 'harlotte Bronte ... p. 88. 
Rev. A. B. Nicholl* p. 92. 
Haworth Parsonage, 1879 p. 101 


IATI01TS. 

Rev. W. (jrimshaw 
Haworth Village ... 
Grimshaw's Flagons 
The Old Hall 
Ducking Stool 
Bronte Group 
Oxenhope Church ... 
Thomas Parker 
"Keeper." ... 
Charlotte Bronte ... 



Ten Illustrations. Post 



"Independency at Brig-house Pastors and 

People." Four Illustrations. Post free for 3s. 

" The Twin Churches Lightcliffe and Coley." 

Illustrated. 3s. [Will be re-issued as soon as suffi- 
cient Subscribers' names are received.] 

'* Haworth Past and Present." Twenty Illustra- 
tions, 3s, 



HAWORTH PAST AND PRESENT. 



x GENERATION ago it would have been much more necessary 
*"* to define the latitude and longitude of Haworth than it is 
at present. Even now it is generally supposed to be a most 
outlandish, or rather, one should say, inlandish place. Then, 

Iliiworth was known beyond its immediate district to few be- 
sides the old race of Methodists who treasured the memory of 
the incumbent Grimshaw, Wesley's co-worker. Notr, Haworth 
is on the lips of thousands upon thousands in various parts of 
the world. What has tended to this change? It is not owing 
to any sudden growth into a populous manufacturing town; 
nor owing to some royal personage, or merchant prince 
waving a magic wand over the barren hills ; nor to the late won- 
derful development in various branches of industry, else Haworth 
would have been left behind comparatively ; nor to a great 
railway system; nor even to a second Grimshaw. No; 
Haworth, and Stratford, and Abbotsford have their world- wide 
fame on account of the great thinkers who dwelt there. 
Haworth the home and burial place of the Brontes : such 
would he the gazetteer-like reply of the majority of readers if 
questioned as to what Haworth was. It has been asked if ever 
anyone was born at Stratford besides Shakespeare ! To any 
similar query respecting Haworth, we hope these pages will 
give a somewhat similar answer as has been returned from 
Stratford. 

Embosomed in the high moorlands connected with the Pen- 
nine Range, is the ancient village of Haworth, with the hamlets 
of Stanbury and Oxcnhope in its township. The ancient 
chapelry comprises an area of 10,540 acres, stretching from 
the village of Haworth (four miles south-west of Keighley,) 
westward to the boundary of Lancashire, nearly half of which 
is uncultivated moors, heaths and commons. The township is 
in the parish of Bradford, yet completely isolated from the 

B 



10 Haicorth : 

rest of that parish, being eleven miles distant from the town. 
Before the Worth Valley Railway was opened it was a point of 
some difficulty to decide upon the best means of reaching this 
ancient village. "Haworth a chapelry in Bradford parish, 
and Morley wapontake,* West Riding, Yorkshire," is still a 
somewhat indefinite direction to give a stranger, but formerly 
Haworth was difficult of access. Now the general direction 
is "Aim for Keighley, on the Midland Railway, and there 
change for the Worth Valley Line which has a length of five 
miles, having stations at Ingrow, Dameins, Oakworth, Haworth, 
and Oxenhope, the latter (in Haworth township,) being the 
terminus." Worth Valley derives its name from the Worths 
just mentioned, and is of modern application. The Worth, if 
we may so name the stream, is an inconsiderable river, and 
empties itself into the Aire at Keighley. Owing to the large 
reservoirs constructed on the moors the quantity of water is 
now insignificantly small. The two main becks forming the 
Worth stream meet, in Oxenhope, at Banks' Mill, otherwise 
called Brooks-meeting Mill, and passing, Dunkirk, Rishworth, 
Oxeuhope, Bridgehouse, and Ebor (Merrall's) Mills, leaves 
Haworth, near the Railway Station, for Oakworth. 

There has been a large increase in the population of Haworth 
during the present century. 

In 1801 the chapelry or township contained 8164 souls; in 
1811, 3971; in 1821/4668; in 1831, 5835. 

In 1841 Haworth had 2434, Far Oxenhope 1910, near 
Oxenhope 1013, and Stanbury 946, giving a total population 
of 6,303. 

In 1871 Haworth had 2700, Far Oxenhope 1704, near 
Oxenhope 808, and Stanbury 754, total 5,966 a decrease of 
three hundred from 1841, but an increase of nearly three 
thousand on 1801. 

Haworth is not mentioned by name in the Domesday Sur- 
vey, 1086, and no records of previous occupation have come 
down to us, unless Oakeudeu Stones, a heap of rocks on Stan- 
*0r hundred, from the custom of swearing fidelity by 'touching 
the sheriffs weapon.' 



Past and Present. 11 

bury Moor, are the remains of a Druid's altar. They consist 
of two stones erected perpendicularly. "On Crow Hill, the 
loftiest eminence of the ancient chapelry of Haworth, and at a 
height of 1,500 feet above the level of the sea, is a cromlech, 
an evident Druidicial remain, consisting of one flat stone, 
weight about six tons, placed horizontally upon two huge 
upright blocks, now half embedded in the heather." Lewis's 
Topographical Dictionary. A Roman vicinal way is believed 
to have passed near Many well-heights ; and the name Stanburgh 
(on the road to Colne, the Colony of the Romans,) is a strong 
indication that the place was held as a fortification by that 
people. The first direct notice we have is in the record known 
as Kirkby's Inquest, taken 24th year of Edward 1, 1296, when 
Godfrey de Haworth, Roger de Manyngham, and Alicia de 
Bercroft, had four oxgangs in Haworth, where twenty-four 
carucates made a knight's fee. William de Horton had four 
oxgangs in Oxeuhope, and William de Clayton held other four 
oxgangs in Oxenhope. Mr. James supposes that the Manyng- 
hams and Bercrofts acquired their property at Haworth as heirs 
of John de Haworth. 

The rich Abbey of Nostell held lands in Oxenhope at a very 
early date. Mr. Jennings records in his MSS., British 
Museum : " Alexander, son of Swane de Clayton, gave to 
Nostell Priory an oxgang of land in Oxenhope, which Swane 
fil Lefnath held, and another oxgang held by Wulmet ; Thomas 
de Thornton, sou of Hugh de Thornton, confirming the grant 
which Wulmet held, and Richard de Clayton confirming the 
land held by Swane fil Lefnath." 

" John fil Allen de Baildon, with Cecily his wife, gave to 
Nostell all their part of the land which lay between the toft 
belonging to Nostell, which their son, Alexander, gave to 
them, on the east side of the river, running from the east 
side of the village of Oxenhope, and the outer ditch which the 
Canons of Nostell made by the assent, and of the gift of our 
fellows. Elias de Oxenhope and Agnes, his wife, confirmed 
the said grant.'' 



12 Ilau-orth: 

" William de Aukehvorth, or Aukeworth, confirmed the 
grant of one toft in Oxenhope made to Nostell by his father, 
John de Aukeworth." 

" Richard de Haworth had a dispute with the Prior of 
Xostell respecting certain lands and a warren between Oxen- 
hope and Haworth which was settled by agreement." 

The Haworths, of Haworth, disappear from the local 
history after this date, but from the time of Edward III. to the 
present they occur as landowners in South Lancashire. 

Jane de Oxenhope, the last lineal descendant of that 
name, having married Adam Copley de Batley, alias Adam de 
Batley, the Oxenhope property became vested in him, and he 
assumed the name Adam de Oxenhope, in the reign of Edward 
II. Sometime after the death of this Adam, in 1337, the 
Eltofts held the land, having acquired it, most probably, by 
marriage, as they quartered the Copley arms argent, a cross 
moline, with theirs. The Eltofts came from Darlington. 
William Eltoft in 1409 paid for his relief vjs. viijd. for four 
oxgangs at Oxenhope. This William, who probably married 
a Copley, had a son Henry, the father of Christopher Eltoft, 
against whom, in the time of Henry VII., a bill was filed in 
the Duchy Court for enclosing forty acres of land at Oxenhope, 
when he pleaded that he was lord of the manor of Oxenhope. 
Thus we have another mesne manor, distinct from Haworth 
and Stanbury. Stanbury, up to the present, has continued in 
Bradford Manor. Christopher Eltoft married the sister of 
Sir Richard Tempest, Knight, and had three sons, Anthony, 
William, and Edmund. In Barnard's Survey, 1577, Edmund 
is recorded as owner, in succession to William. Edmund 
married Agnes, daughter of Sir W. Fairfax, of Steeton, and 
resided at Farnhill. They had issue Edmund, whose son 
Thomas was sixteen in 1585. Further particulars of the 
Eltofts may be found Harl. MS., 1477, Brit. Mus. Antony 
Eltoft, gentleman, had lands in Bingley, 15 Henry VIH. 

In 1311, on the death of the Earl of Lincoln, an inquisition 
was taken, which shows that the Haworths held land in 



Past and Present. 13 

Haworfch at that time. " This inquisition records three tenants 
under the Lacy fee : 

William de Clayton who held iiij bovates, or oxgangs in 
Oxenhope, and x oxgangs in Clayton of the yearly 
value of xivs. xd. 
William de Horton held iiij oxgangs in Oxenhope of yearly 

value of iiij s. 

Heirs of John de Haworth held iiij oxgangs of land in 
Haworth, and v oxgangs in Manyngham, yearly 
value of vija. 

TheNomina Villarum, 1316, gives Haworth and Oxenhope 
as in the possession of Nicholas de Audley, who held Bradford 
Manor; but sometime after this Haworth became a ruesne 
manor, and in 1544, as stated by Mr. J. C. Brook, Herald's 
College, MSS., Sir Christopher Danby, Knight, is the recorded 
possessor of John de Haworth' s property, and from him it 
descended to the Rish worths. 

Barnard's Survey, taken in 1577, affords the following 
information : 

Haworth I carucate ibm quondam Johis Haworth, 
postea Roger de Manyngham & Johis Bercroft, 
uuper Johis Rishworth, & niodo Alex. Rishworth tent. 
per servic viij part un feodi mil. In qua villa diet. 
Alexander clamat habere manerium ratione tre 
praedict. 

Oxenhope IV bov. tre quondam William de Heton, 

[mistaken for Horton,] postea Willi Eltofts, & modo 

Edm. Eltofts armiger. tent, per servic, &c. 

We have a lesume in these few words of the descent of 

the properties for a considerable period : In Haworth was a 

carucate of land, formerly in the possession of John Haworth, 

afterwards of Roger dc Manniugham and John de Bercroft, 

lately of John Rishworth, and now of Alexander Rishworth, 

held by service as the eighth part of a knight's fee; in which 

town the said Alexander claims to hold the manor by reason 

of the said land. Similarly, under Oxenhope, the Eltofts 

claimed the manor. 



14 Haworth: 

Th poll tax of 2 Richard II, 1380, mentions forty 
persons as inhabitants of Haworth, each of whom paid the tax 
of four pence, except John de Bercroft, a merchant, whose 
fine is set down at xijtl. Bradford township had fifty-nine 
persons charged. 

The Subsidy Roll, loth Henry VIII, 1525, [Yorkshire 
Archseo- Journal] gives under HAWORTH : 

William Bayley for xls. lands ijs. 

John Michell for xxvjs. viijd. lands xyjd. 

Edward Akcroyd for iiijli. vjs. viijd. lands iiijs. iiijd. 

Thomas Whyttaker for xls. guds xijd. 

Richard Schakkylton for xls. guds xijd. 

William Horsfall for xls . guds xij d . 

John Clogh for his wages xxs. by yer vjd. 

Edward Holmes for xxs. lands xijd. 

Under the same Roll, twenty-three persons at Bradford paid 
4 2s. lOd. ; three at Manuingham paid 3s. 4d. ; four at 
Horton paid 1 8s. Od. The Riding Rate, 24 Elizabeth, 
1582, shews the relative importance of the folllowing town- 
ships at that date: Haworth Is, Hothersfield Is. 5d., Brad- 
ford Is. 8d., Halifax Is. 7d., Bingley 9d., Otley 10d., Ilkley 
6d., Baildon 5d. 

In 1577 Christopher Holmes, John Mitchell, senior, and 
Thomas Scott appear as leading inhabitants of Haworth. 

To complete the observations I have to make on that 
period I will here record particulars from the wills of Haworth 
people, extracted (by the kind permission of Mr. Hudson,) 
from the original books at York. 

Edmund Tutyll, of Haworth, 1530, by will, gave his 
soul to God Almighty, the Blessed Virgin, and All Saints, 
and his body to be buried at St. Michael's, Haworth. To Sir 
Alexander Emote, curate at Haworth, he gave iijs. iiijd. To 
the church at Haworth vjs. viijd. He mentions his sons 
Henry and Umfray, his daughter Isabel, and his brother 
Thomas. 



Past and Present. 15 

Thomas Whitecars, of Haworth, seke of body, hool of 
mynd, made his will in 1631. "To Sir Alexander Emott 
xxd to py. [pray] for me. To Grace my daughter the best 
panne in my house except one." Mentions his daughters 
Alyson, Jannet, and Agnes; and Margaret his wife. His 
executors were exhorted to act justly " as answer me before 
God at the dome." "I py. my Right Worpful. maister Syr 
Rychard Tempest, Knyght, to be a good maister unto Thomas 
my son." Witnesses Sir Alex. Emott, preist, Sir John 
Clerk, deaken. 

William Horsfall, of Haworth, made his will July 1st, 
1536, seke in bodye, gave his soul to God and his body to be 
buried in the kirkgarthe of S. Michael, Haworth. To the 
church he gave vjs. viijd., to the curate iijs. iiijd. To Thomas 
his son xls. To Richard his sou xs. To Margaret his 
daughter a ' cowe." To William his sou, a bedde of clothes. 
The reversion of the household stuffe to Margaret and Eliza- 
beth his daughters. To Margaret daughter of his son Thomas, 
xiijs. iiijd. To the two childer of Edmund Bynnes to ayder of 
theme iijs. iiijd. To Richard Horsfall my beste iackett, my 
beste doblet and my beste hose. William my son to be 
executor. Thyes beeyng Wittenes John Dyxon, Thomas 
Horsfall. Proved by William, the sou, August 10th, 1536. 

T'liijihri Rishtcorth, gent., Haworth, seke in bodie and 
boll in mynde, gave his soull to God Almightie, the Blessed 
Mary and All Saints, .and his body to S. Michell's Church in 
Haworth. To the Church at Haworth vjs. viijd. To Elizabeth 
his daughter xiijli. vjs. viijd. Isabel his wife to be executrix. 
Sir Stephen Smith, witness, 1589. 

Robert Shakilton, of the parish of Haworth, 1543, men- 
tions his children but not by name. Agnes his wife was 
executrix, and Sir Robert Shakilton and Sir Steven Smith 
were witnesses. Undoubtedly Sir Robert Shakilton, the 
priest, would be a relation. Sir Steven Smith was the priest 
at St. Michael's. 



16 Haworth : 

Joint Dene, of Haworth, 1544, gave to "Edward my sonxxs. 
To Agnes my daughter vjs. viijd. The rest to my foure sons, 
except viij. shepe to Richard the sonue of John Dene of Hep- 
toustall. To John the elder and William my sonnes, my 
lauds in luddingden called Hcrboitleghes.'' His sons John, 
John, William and Edward were executors, and Arthur Raw- 
Huge, ' preist,' was witness. 

It was not uncommon to have two children of the same 
name living together. 

John Pit/hells, of Haworthe, 1546, gave to Elizabeth his 
daughter xxs. and a bedde of clothes. To Henry, John, 
Thomas, and Thomas, my foure sonnes, xs each. To Anne 
my daughter a braseu pott, and a paune and her childe parte. 
To Richard aud Christopher my sonnes towe sylver spones 
each beside their childes parte. Margaret my wife executrix. 
Wituesses Arthur Rawlinge, presto at Haworthe, John 
Midgcley, Gilbert Bynncs, John Emott. 

Aijnes Person, of Haworth, widdo, "I give my sone 
Anthony to the charge of Edward Byuues my broder to educate 
and bring up. Margaret my daughter to Elles Bynnes my 
broder. John my sonc to Henrie Pyghells. Agnes my 
daughter to William Scott, Will proved Oct. 22nd, 1549 
before Dom. Thos. Ogden, curatus de Bradford. 

James Barrett, Haworth, 1549, mentions Agues his wife, 
Jennett his daughter, and Umfray his son. Witnesses 
Christopher Holmes, William Pighells, Edmunde Bynnes. 

John Mwgatroyde, of Biugley parish, directed his body 
to be buried at Haworth Church. Agnes his wife, and 
Richard his sou executors. To Isabell daughter of John 
Risheworth he gave xxvjs. viijd. Dated 1551. 

Thomas Jenkenson, of the parish of Haworthe, 1552, 
[Arabic figures first time used in this case.] gave his goods 
quick and dead to his wife Margaret. Witnesses Arthur 
Rawlinge, prest, William Rysheworth. 

Yorkshire people use the word ' wick ' still for ' alive.' 



Past and Present. 17 

John Eishworth, of Hawortbe, gave his soul to God and 
the Virgin Mary, 1557. To Margaret my wife, and Umfray 
and Thomas my sonnes, I give my land at Haworthe and 
Haworthe bank. John my sonne executor. Mentions ' Mar- 
garet daughter of William my sonne.' To makying of the 
glassen wyndowe.s in the chappell of Haicorth xvjd. 

John Sutchjft'e, Haworth, will dated 1558. 

John Eishworth e, of Haworthe, by will dated May 15th, 
1569, directed his body to be buried within the sanctnarie at 
Haworth. To the Vicar of Bradford he gave the usual mor- 
tuary. " Isabell my wief, to have the tenement in Haworth 
for life, remainder to Henry my son. To Henry, my great 
arke. John, my son, to be executor. Mentions also ' Chris- 
topher, Anno, and Janet my children." 

Jennet Pic/hell, of HA worth parish, widdow, 1571, men- 
tions her children John, Roger, Jennet, and Katheringe. 

In the name of the Father, the Sone, and the holy Ghoste, 
so be it, I, Richarde Snnderlande, of Hye Sunderlande, 1573, 
being one of those elect and chosen psons wch are to be saved 

give to the poor of Northowram 3 6s. 8d. for 

clothing, and 3 6s. 8d. to the poor of Haworthe for clothing.'' 
The Coley estate in Hipperholme purchased from John Rish- 
worth, Esq., Alexander Rish worth, gent., his son and heir, 
and Beatrix wife of the said Alexander (then living) he 
bequeathed to his son, Richard Sunderland. 

Grace Sunderland, of High Sunderland, 1574, daughter 
of Richard Sunderland, gave by will (inter alia) to the wyfe of 
John Rishworth, of lanehead, Haworth, xs. 

John Moore, of Haworthe parish, 1574, directed his body 
to be buried in the chappell yard at Hawortbe. Names three 
daughters Janette, Johan, and Alice. Witnesses Sr. Arthur 
Rawlyn, clarke eodra, &c. 

John Clayton, Haworth, 1574, gave his lands to his wife 
Agnes, with remainder to his sons, Richard, and others 
unnamed. 



18 Hwcorth : 

Mar;/, <1an;/hter of Richard Sunderland, of High Sunder- 
lancl, 1574, gave (inter alia) to Abraham, son of Henry Rish- 
worth 2s., to Robert son of John Rishworth 3s. 4d., To the 
wyfe of John Ryshworth of laynehead, Haworth 20s., to 
Christopher Ryshworth 20s., to Anne his syster, 10s., to 
Henry Rishworth 10s., to Jennet daughter of John Rishworth 
10s., to John Rishworth, wolman, of Boothes town [near 
Halifax] 10., to the \vyf of John Rishworth one reade 
gathered pettycote, a paire of black sieves and one rayment of 
lynnen. To Jennet my sister and to the wyffe of John Rish- 
worth the rest of my rayment. To Jennet daughter of John 
Rishworth a reade pettycote. 

John Oijilen, Haworth, 157C, mentions his son Richard, 
his wife Alice, his daughter Alice, and his son-in-law, George 
Margaret. 

Isabel Eishirorth, of Haworthe. widowe, 1577 directed 
that her body should he interred at Haworth. To Anne, her 
daughter, she bequeathed one blacke kirtlc, and one white 
petticote. To Jennet, her daughter, the wife of Richard Byns,. 
a kertle, kerchief, and apron. To Alice the wife of Christopher 
Rishworth a white petticote. To Isabel daughter of Henry 
Rishworth one kyrtle homed about the skyrte with a re^de 
liste, one lynnin kirchif, one kaile and one apron. The rest 
to Christopher and Anne, her children. John, her son, was 
executor. Witnesses Henry Rishworth, Ric. Byns. 

Christopher Pit/hells, Haworth, 1577, gave his lands to 
his daughter Margaret, wife of Robert Nutter. 

Galj'nj Wilson, of the parish of Haworth, 1577 directed 
that his body should be buried at Haworth. Left his farm to 
Henry, Jennet, and Margaret children of James Wilson. 
Arthur Rawlinge, clerk, witness. 

Christopher AinUcr, of Haworth, 1578, mentions his wife 
Margaret, and his daughters, Mawde and Jennet. 

John Mitch rll, of Stanburie, 1580, gave xxs. to John son 
of John Horsfall, of Sludley [Heptonstall] Christopher 
Mitchell, his son, executor. 



f'ttxt and 1 J resent. 19 

John Clai/toH, Haworth, 1580, names his wife, Margaret, 
and one of his sons, John. 

Edmund Whittakcrs, of Haworth parish, 1582, ordered 
his body to be buried at Haworth. To William, son of Richard 
Ogden, he gave ten ewes. His 'fermhold' he left to his wife, 
Margaret, and son, William. 

Henri/ liixheivorth, of Haworth Chappell, bequeathed all 
his property to William Rishworth. Witnesses Thomas Scot, 
Edward Risheworth; 1584. 

Christopher Harr/reares, of Oxenhope, in the parish of 
Haworthe, 1584, gave to Agnes his wife, and Christabel his 
daughter, lands at Holkinstone and Stoneybanke. Legacy to 
his nephew, Thomas, son of Lawrence Hargreaves. Also xxs. 
to the buyldinge of HAWORTHE CHURCH when it may be 
enlarged. 

Ghristophtr Mi/chdl, of Haworthe, 1585, left his tenement 
in Haworth to his wife Johne or Jennet, with remainder to his 
children Christopher, Esabell, Nycholas, and Marie. Also 
xxs. towards the enlarging of HAWORTH CHAPEL, if clone within 
xx years. Christopher Mychell, of Stanbury, and Edward 
Sutclyffe, of Oxnope, were the appointed supervisors, and 
Thomas Horsfall a witness. 

liichard Crabtrec, of Stanburie, 158.6, left his property to 
his wife Agnes, with remainder to his brothers William, 
Thomas, and James. The overseers of the will were Chris- 
topher Mytchell, of Stanbury, and William Mytchell, clerk, of 
Hep ton stall. 

Abraham Snnderland, of High. Sunderlaud in Northourom, 
1586, (inter alia) gave to John Rishworth, of Shipden, his 
tenant, 10; to Christopher Rishworth, of Haworth, 20s.; to 
the wife of Henry Rishworth 20s ; to Richard Rishworth, gentle- 
man, the debt owing from him; lands at Bingley, and Keighley, 
to Richard Sunderland, his brother. 

Dorothie Ricroft, of Oxenoppe 1584, gave to "Alice wife 
of Richard Rishworth iiij marks, a reade coote, (red coat,) and 
a smocke. The rest of my apparell I give to Marie, Dorothie, 



20 Haworth : 

and Richard Rishworth. To Richard Rishworth xiijs. iiijd." 
The rest of her property she bequeathed to Christopher and 
Richard sons of Richard Rishworth, of Haworth. 

John liynncx, of Haworth, 1586, desired to be buried in 
the churchyard at Haworth. Mentions 'Mr. Thomas Rishe- 
worth my landslord.' Bequeathed his property to his wife 
Elizabeth, and his children Robert, Elizabeth, Marye, 
William, John, and Susan. 

Elline Pit/hells, of Haworthe, 1587, mentions Henry 
Pighells, her brother. Bequeathed to Elizabeth and Mary 
daughters of Jeft'ery Hartley, xs. each. The rest of her 
property she gave to ' Christopher, Isabel, and Mary, childer 
of the late Christopher Mitchell, of Haworth,' and appointed 
Christopher Mitchell, of Standburie, executor. 

Thomas Horsfall, of fledereford, in Kighley, 1589, .gave 
to Robert son of Robert Harpr. of Sutton, his lands in flederie- 
ford. To the two children of Richard Horsfall vjs. viijd. To 
Thomas Horsfall a seckinge jerkin, and xxijs. To the poor of 
Haworth xs. 

John Brii/i/e, of Haworth, 1589, gave to his son Henry 
his lands at Oxnoppe, and also vjli. xiijs. iiijd. The rest to 
his wife Agnes, and sons William, Samuel, Henry, John and 
Ambrose. 

Elizabeth Scott, of Haworthe, widow, 1590, gave to 
William Pighells, of Oxenhope, ' My son in law, xs. To 
Christopher son of Thomas Scott a silver spone, and xijd. To 
Thomas son of Christopher Scott xijd. To Thomas son of 
Thomas ffletcher xijd. To Mary daughter of the said William 
Pighells xijd. The rest to Agnes and Janet Scott. Witness 
William Rishworth, and others. 

We will again vary our narrative by introducing another 
family interested, though not resident, in Haworth. Richard 
Birkheade, of Halifax parish, 1544, gave his 'soull to god 
verelie belevinge myself to be one of the chosen nombre that 
shalbe saved thrughe christe,' &c. 'To my towe eldest sonnes 
Richarde and Martvne mv lands at Crofton, near Wakefield. 



I'ast and Present. 21 

To Elizabeth my wyf, and to my three younger sonnes, Thomas 
John, and Robert, my lands in Halifax. The rest to Anne, 
Sibell, Elizabeth, Isabell and Margaret my daughters.' He 
appointed as overseers Thomas Sauvell, (Saville,) of Clifton, 
Mr. Richard Pyuioude, of Wakefield, Robert Wuterhouse, of 
Halifax, William Kynge, and 'John Best, prest, writer hereof.' 
Witnesses Sir William Saltonstall, prest, and others. In 
1582, John Lacy, Esquire, of Leventhorpe, Bradford, gave a 
'chest with three locks, with all the evydences in yt, to the 
charge of Martyu Birkhead, Esquire, Richard Lacy, and John 
Lacy,' each to have a key, and all to be present whenever it 
was opened. In 1590, Martyne Birkhead, of Wakefield, made 
his will, bequeathing his lands in Southowrani, near Halifax, to 
Mary, his wife, for life. Harden Grange to Daniel his son. 
To NATHANIEL BIRKHEAD, his eldest son, lie bequeathed his 
'best geldinge, armor, weapons, gould riuge with scale of my 
armes, and the great boke of ffit/herbert Abridgements of the 
Lawe.' This Nathaniel Birkhead, Esq., was LORD OF THE 
MANOR OF HAWORTH. John Birkhead, of Wakefield, and 
Richard Birkhead, of Horbury, appear as wealthy men in 1524. 
The Birkheads had acquired Haworth before IiilO, in which 
year Christopher Dickson, of Stanbury, and Thomas Pighells 
conveyed land at Haworth, (adjoining Stanbury west field, the 
New Intacke, and the land of William Pighells,) with moors, 
turves, &c., to Christopher Mitchell, yeoman. The manor 
passed from Martin Birkhead, Esq., of Wakefield, to Nicholas 
Bladen, Esq., of the Inner Temple, London, but at what date 
I am unable to say. Mr. Bladen, in 1671, sold the manors of 
Haworth and Harden to William Midgley, gent., of Haworth, 
and Joseph, his son. Joseph Midgley, gent., the son, settled 
the manor, in 1690, on himself for life, with remainder to his 
brothers, Thomas and William, and to the survivor of them. 
William Midgley died in September, 1728, and is noticed in 
the Register of Burials as ' Lord of the Manor of Haworth.' 
Hie son, David Midgley, was Lord of the Manor, less than a 
year, dying in April, 1724. David Midgley, of Westcroft head 



22 Haworth : 

in Haworth, gout., made his will March 5th, 1724, arid gave to 
his cousin Joseph Midgley, son and heir of William Midgley, 
of Oldfield, in Keighley, yeoman, the manor or lordship of 
Haworth, and all commons, royalties and appurtenances belong- 
ing to the same ; also a messuage called Cookhouse, situate near 
Haworth, and the land thereto belonging, in the occupation of 
William Midgley, his cousin. After mentioning his late brother 
William, Testator gives to his mother Judith Midgley, the 
messuage and land , called Withens, in Haworth, for her life, 
and after her death to Joseph Midgley and Timothy Horsfall, 
of Westcroft head, his brother-in-law, to hold upon trust, and 
with the rents, issues and profits, to clothe with good and 
convenient blue clothes, and other necessary wearing apparel, 
ten poor children &c. He gives to Mary, his sister, wife of 
Timothy Horsfall, a messuage, with land, called Bully Trees, 
in Stanbury ; to Sarah, his sister, wife of Thomas Lister, of 
Heptonstall Oidtowu, and his said sister Mary, all the residue 
of his lands. Joseph Midgley executor. Witnesses Jonas 
Horsfall, Michael Horsfall, and T. Dobson. A tablet in the 
church records the death of Joseph Midgley, of Oldfield, Lord 
of the Manor of Haworth, November 10th, 1705, aged 40. 

In 1811, the manor was purchased for 4,100 from the 
Midgleys by the Trustees of Benjamin Ferrand, Esq., of Bing- 
ley. On the death of his mother, Mrs. Sarah Ferrand, 
William Ferrand, Esq., of St. Ives, Bingley, became Lord. 
W. B. Ferrand, Esq., the present Lord, succeeded Edward 
Ferrand, Esq. There was, in the south ast corner of Haworth 
Church, elevated a few steps above the rest, a pew known as the 
'Lord's Pew,' which was removed about eight years ago by the 
present Rector and sent to Miss liushworth, the owner, at whose 
residence, Moutdgreave, it is preserved. At the foot of this 
pew was the burial place of the Midgleys. 

Oxenhope mesne manor has been in the possession of the 
Greenwood family many years, but it seems to have been 
divided into several parts in the seventeenth century. Mr. 
lames says: "From a conveyance of Thornton Manor, about 



Past and Present. 23 

1700, I perceive that four shillings yearly was payable out of 
Oxenhope to Thornton Manor. How this payment arose I 
have no knowledge." Mr. J. C. Brook, in 1777, says in his 
MSS., Herald's College: "Charles Wood, Esq., of Bowling 
Hall, informs me that the Manor of Oxenhope is divided into 
five parts, of which he has one, Abraham Bauine, of Bradford, 
another, and the three heiresses of Copley, of Batley, the other 
three." The whole of the manor vested, by purchase, in the 
late Joseph Greenwood, Esq., of Springhead, and is now the 
property of Captain Edwards, though there are many estates 
here held by other families, as the Rushworths, Binns, 
Horsfalls, Kershaws, Emmotts, Greenwoods, &c. 

HAWOETH CHURCH. 

Lawton sums up his notice of Haworth Church in a few 
sentences. It is dedicated to St. Michael ; is a perpetual 
curacy, net value 170 ; chapel room for 1000. Patrons 
the Vicar of Bradford and Trustees. The curate is nominated 
by the Vicar, in conformity to the choice of the freeholders, and 
particularly of the trustees of lands heretofore purchased for the 
augmentation of the curacy, and at their instance and request. 

Maintenance 27 IBs. per annum. 

Recommended to be made a parish ; Parliamentary Sur- 
vey, Vol. xvm, page 291. [1655.] 

A Brief having been obtained in 1754, a faculty was 
granted 17th July, 1755, to enlarge the chapel. 

1757, March, 22nd, confirmation of seats. 

1779, July 29th, faculty to erect a gallery. 

The glebe house is fit for residence. 

The Register Books commence in 1045. 

Parochial Charities No return. 

Abp. Sharp's MS. Vol. i. pp. 172, 858. 

Dr. Whitaker (Luidis, p. 355,) in his attempt to disprove 
the antiquity of Haworth church has fallen into the opposite 
error. He says " Haworth is prior, but not long prior, to 
the Reformation ; a tremendous anachronism, indeed, if we 
are to believe a modern inscription near the steeple. 



24 Haii-orth : 

HlC FUIT COENOBIUM MoNACHORUM 

AUTASTE FUNDATORE ANNO CHRISTI 

SEXCENTESSIMO 

that is before the first preaching of Christianity in Northumbria. 
The origin of this strange misapprehension is visible on an 
adjoining stone 

fiouij sfnfu 



in the character of Henry the VIII th's time. 

Now every antiquary knows that the formulary of prayer, 
PRO BONO STATU, always refers to the living. I suspect that 
this singular Christian name has been mistaken by the stone- 
cutter for Eustat, a contraction of Eustatius, but the word Tod, 
which has been misread for the Arabic numerals six HUNDRED, 
is perfectly fair and legible. I suspect, however, that some 
minister of the chapel has committed the two-fold blunder, 
first, of assigning to the place this absurd and impossible 
antiquity; and secondly, from the common form, ORATE PRO 
BONO STATU, of inferring the existence here of a monastery. 

But 'hae uugae seria ducunt in mala ;' for ignorance as 
often happens, opened the door to strife. On the presumption 
of this foolish claim to antiquity, the people would needs set 
for independence, and contest the right of the Vicar to nomin- 
ate a curate. The chapel itself bears every mark of the reign 
of Henry VIII., but has some peculiarities; asex.gr. only 
two aisles, a row of columns up the middle, and three windows 
at the east end, one opposite to the columns. On the whole, 
Hawoith is to Bradford as Heptonstall to Halifax almost at 
the extremity of population, high, bleak, dirty, and difficult of 
access." 

The Doctor finely displays his crotchets in this summary 
description. Church and Curate, village and people are alike 
at fault. Haworth Church, as a foundation, notwithstanding 
the Doctor's emphatic denial, is 'long prior to the Reformation.' 
In the history of the Curate's dealings with THE Han-urth 
Stone he was probably nearer the truth. Manufactures and 



Past and Present. 25 

popular independence were sure to call forth the 
Doctor's indignation. The parallel with Heptonstall 
is very just, perhaps more so than he intended, for he surely 
must have known of the antiquity of Heptonstall. 
" Why should not we have an old church ?" asks the good lady 
who conducts visitors around. It seems as if strangers 
begrudge Haworth apre-norman edifice, and the natives ask what 
motive could have induced anyone to invent the statement. 
We are all apt to credit a statement in print that suits our 
ideas, and at Haworth we have a ' fact ' stated on stone four 
times over ! 

" Where ignorance is bliss 'tis folly to be wise." 
It would be very pleasing to make the grand discovery that 
Haworth Church was co-eval with Canterbury and York, or a 
connecting link with the old British Christian Church. But, 
alas for Ha worth! we have got the words ' mother church of 
Dewsbury ' and its ' Hie Paulinus 627 ' so instilled into our 
books, and thence to our minds, that Haworth people may 
strive, but strive in vain, to pull us out of the rut. Dews- 
bury's 627 may stand, but Haworth's 600 is preposterous: 
Paulinus is evidently 'gospel,' but Autest who was he? 

We turn to that lodestone Domesday Book, compiled 
about 1083, and failing to find a Haworth in it not to men- 
tion a Haworth Church, we turn away relieved by the thought 
that Domesday is no authority on ecclesiastical matters, and 
wofully short in other respects. Gildas and the Venerable Bede 
fail to satisfy us, and we are content to pass over the chivalrous 
days of our crusading King Richard, the grand achievements 
through the signing of Magna Charta, the long reign of 
Henry III., and the exploits of the warlike monarch, his son, 
before we meet with any authentic notice of a sanctuary at 
Haworth. Though written on stone we will not believe it, for 
the carver should have given his authority. I should be quite 
willing for Haworth to take the superlative degree : His Grace 
of York, primate of England, His Grace of Canterbury, primate 
of all England, but His Grace of Haworth primate of the primates. 



26 ftaworth : 

Some contend that Christianity was introduced into 
Britain by one or other of the Apostles, or, at latest, during 
the first century of this era. Probably some of the Roman 
soldiers had heard and received the truths of the Gospel ; but 
we leave these disputed points for established facts. 

In 314 A.D. three British bishops (York, London, and 
Lincoln,) were present at the Synod of Aries, and as it is un- 
likely that all the bishops would be in a foreign country, it 
would lead us to suppose that the Christian doctrine had met 
with a favourable reception. Britain, it is said, profited less 
by the humanizing influence of Christianity than other parts of 
Europe, owing to the wars with the barbarians, and the rebel- 
lions against the Roman governors. It was, moreover, tor- 
mented with heretical preachers, of whom Pelagius was the 
most formidable (A.D. 429). Little, if any, Christianity could 
be found in the country for a century after the Romans left. 
Pope Gregory sent . Augustine and other monks to evangelize 
amongst the Saxons in 596. They met with royal favour and 
gained many converts, not only in Kent, but in Northumbria. 
Paulinus became Archbishop of York in 624. We have al- 
ready alluded to the Saxon parish of Dewsbury (God's town), 
of which Halifax and Bradford parishes formed at that time a 
part. Then a few modest wooden churches appeared, but still 
in the vast woods, by the side of clear wells, and around huge 
stones, the rude Saxons fondly gathered. 

With their religion they mixed up much that was super- 
stitious and idolatrous. They imagined that a child born on 
the fourth day of the Moon would be a great politician; on 
the tenth, a great traveller; on the twenty-first, a bold robber 
and so on. They believed in swarms of elves and fairies, 
good and evil. Two places at least, near Halifax, now bear 
names indicative of this. One is "Awfe (Elf) House,'' in 
Hove Edge. Our common weed, Mugwort (Artemisia), acted 
as a charm and magic spell, if kept about the person. They 
held sacred, elder and other trees, wells and stones. Any 
rriminnl who could reach a frith. ;-plot (plot of laud surrounding 



Past and Present. 2? 

some holy well, &c,) was secure. The privilege of claiming 
sanctuary existed long after Saxon times. 

The begging-monks (Dominicans and Franciscans), 
shortly after their commencement, became the pests of the 
land, partly owing to their number, but more to their impu- 
dence. Chaucer says of a friar 

"He was the best beggar in all his hous, 
For though a widowe had but a shoo 
Yet wolde have a farthing ere he went." 

The Cleckhcaton actors of "Joseph and his Brethren" have 
precedents in the Franciscans. They performed rude dramatic 
exhibitions of Scripture stories in churches, or en stages in 
the open air. Religion must have been at its lowest ebb 
when, according to Barclay's "Ship of Fools," published 
1509, the priests in the Church repeated 'fayned fables,' 
'talked of battayles,' and the like, and the people 

"While the priest his mass or matin singes, 
Are chatting and babbling as it were in a fayre." 

Thus gloomy superstition, misery and vice prevailed. Rapa- 
cious and immoral monks preyed upon the people. Whatever 
they demanded, they got. 

"This bag full of straw I bear on my back 
Because niy lord's horse his litter doth lack ; 
1 f ye be not good to my lord grace's horse, 
You are like to go barefoot before the cross." 

The priests spent their time hunting and hawking, and when 
the disastrous Wars of the Roses commenced, many of them 
entered the army. 

Excommunication, when a bell was tolled, a book of 
appointed offices read, and three candles successively extin- 
guished, was feared more than death. Suspension " ab 
ingressu ecclesiae " (from entering church) was used as a 
threat if the priest's wishes were not complied with. Edward 
VI. 's Act is founded on this : " If any person quarrel, chide, 
or brawl in church or churchyard, the ordinary may suspend 
him." 

John Wicklifie, the " Morning Star of the Refbrwatiou," 



28 . Hau-orth : 

was born in the North Riding of Yorkshire, in 1324, and died 
in 1884, but probably his tenets took little hold here. 

We can scarcely imagine so benighted a condition as that 
of our forefathers, so late as 1500. Bells summoned them to 
church, but they heard no sermon. They bowed before some 
rude picture or ill-carved image, or confessed to some profli- 
gate, if not ignorant, priest. There were no seats in the 
churches before the Reformation. 

Pilgrimages were highly eulogised, and often imposed. 
Accoutred in coarse woollen gown, with a large round hat, a 
scrip by his side, a string of beads and a staff and, perhaps, 
barefooted the pious pilgrim wended his way to some holy 
place, supporting himself by begging. Pilgrims returning 
from the Holy Land bore a palm, and were received home 
with peculiar honours. Elias de Rastrick had a certificate 
granted him of having visited Jerusalem. Canterbury was a 
noted place for pilgrimages. 

The following are the inscriptions on the four Haworth 
stones. 

On the steeple are two stones placed in juxta-position : 



rattj $. famo 



Pro;/ for ye 

Soul of 
An teat 600 



Above these two stones is another, bearing a coat of amis 
of which only a bend and a cross saltier on the lower part can 
be deciphered. The arms of Alexander Rishworth were 
Argent, a cross betone fetche sable ; also given in the same 
MS. 1367, British Museum, Argent, a bend gules between 
eagle displayed in chief vert, and a cross crosslet sable in base. 
Dr. Horsfall, Bishop of Ossory, who died there about 1G09, 
and his wife (probably a Rishworth,) are buried at the Cathe- 
dral of St. Canice, Kilkenny. The monument to their memory 
is destroyed, but I have a rubbing of their arms, sent me some 



Past and Present. 29 

years ago by the Rev. Canon Graves, Hector of Inisnag : 
Horsfall Gules, a bezant, between three horses' beads, 
couped argent, bridled azure. The wife's are given A saltire 
engrailed, between four cross crosslets fetche. Sir Cyprian 
Horsfall, of Inisuag Castle, was their sou. 

Near the steeple, on the west end of the church is another 
stone bearing a more explicit statement : 

HlC OLIM FUIT MONACHOEUM 

CCENOBIUM AD HoNOBEM 

SANCTI MICHAELIS, ET OMNIUM 

ANGELORUM DICTATUM 

AUTESTE FUNDATORE ANNO CHRISTI 

SEXCENTESSIMO. 

The story of the three black crows is evidently a parallel 
case. The first stone is probably a copy of an older one, and 
ut the time when this fac-shnile stone was placed there (say 
1590,) the curate or some half-classical scholar had the com- 
panion stone placed in juxta-position, to serve as a key to the 
other. Then, to crown all, the third stone was added, en- 
larging upon the other two, and probably added about Mr. 
Grimshaw's time. ' Here was formerly a monastery, dedicated 
to St. Michael the archangel, founded by Auteste in the year 
of Christ, 600.' Within the church, near the vestry door, 
this is improved upon to a nicety, where a bell is added to the 
original foundation. 



This Steeple and the little Bell were 
in the year of our Lord 600 



Yet, strange to say, this ' little Bell ' bore the inscription, 
"Deo altissimis 1664." 

There is another difficulty in the fact that no family of 
the name, Todd, has been located here for six centuries, so 
11 1 r us auv evidence shews. If I were a native, I might be 



30 



Haworth : 



disposed to get over all difficulties by tracing the history of 
the Church to the Eustathians, a sect of Christians in the 
fourth century, who disallowed the worshipping of saints. 




Past and Present. 81 

Leaving the fictitious part of our subject, we have no 
mean antiquity to offer for Haworth Church. The base of the 
steeple, the two cast windows, and the pillars are undoubtedly 
very ancient. It is not at all improbable that an oratory was 
established here in Norman times, and I have been surprised 
to find how frequently Haworth is referred to as a parish in 
ancient writings. I am disposed to think, too, that it had the 
right of sanctuary, like the cities of refuge of old, and that the 
limits of sanctuary were indicated by crosses. At least two 
of them remain to the present in name Cross, at Stanbury, 
and Cross, near Oxeuhope Railway Station. 

Haworth seems to have been united with Bradford to 
form a parish as part of the Lacy fee, though probably Ha- 
worth Church is of as early foundation as Bradford. 

I have made numerous extracts from the Archbishop's 
Registers, and the Wills at York, from 1300, all showing the 
antiquity and comparative importance of Haworth Church. 
In 1317, a decree was issued commanding the rector and 
vicar of Bradford, and the freeholders of Haworth to pay to 
the curate of Haworth Chapel the salary due to him in the 
proportions to which they had been liable FROM ANCIENT 
TIMES. Again, in 1320 a monition was issued from the Arch- 
bishop's Court, commanding the rector of Bradford (not an 
ecclesiastic, but the owner of the tithes,) to pay to the chap- 
lain xxs., the vicar of Bradford to pay two marks and a half, 
and the inhabitants of Haworth one mark, to sustain a chaplain 
officiating in the chapel of Haworth. The chaplain's income 
was further augmented by the founding of a chantry in the 
chapel, which was endowed with a messuage and seven acres 
of land at Batley and xxs. rent. This took place in 1888. 
An Inquisition ad quod dampmim was taken in that year (llth 
Edward III,) by Roger de Thornton and eleven others, whereby 
they returned that it would NOT be to the damage of the king 
if permission were granted to Adam de Batteley to give and 
assign a messuage, seven acres of land, and xxs. rent, with 
appurtenances, to a certain chaplain, in augmentation of his 



32 Haworth: 

support, to celebrate divine service for the soul of the said 
Adam, and the souls of his ancestors, the souls of Thomas de 
Thornton and Ellen his wife, for all whose goods he had ill- 
gotten, and all the faithful deceased in the chapel of St. 
Michael at Haworth, every day; and the jurors returned that 
the messuage and three acres and a half of the land were held 
of William de Clayton by knight's service, of Queen Philippa, 
arid the remainder held directly of the honor of Pontefract. 

Adam de Batteley, alias de Copley, alias de Oxenhope, 
founded a chantry in Batley Church. He was probably re- 
lated to the de Thorntons. 

The Haworth chantry property reverted to the crown on 
the dissolution of Chantries, temp. Edw. YI. 

JOHN PAWSON, capellanus de Haworth in Craven. His 
will contains the following items: 'Ego Johannes Pawson, 
caps, de Haworth,' of sound mind, April 13th, 1431, gave his 
soul to God Almighty, the Blessed Mary, and All Saints, and 
his body to be buried in the cemetery of St. Michael the Arch- 
angel de Haworth. His bay horse ' ambulant ' he bequeathed 
as a mortuary, and gave vs. to the fabric of the Church at 
York. To the hospital at Knaresborough (St. Robert's,) 
ijs. for a priest to celebrate for his soul. Johan uxor John de 
Rylleston, and Richard de Wy[n]trburn, clerk, executors, 
proved the will May 20th. The witnesses were Henry de 
Bolton, Will. Mayrnoud, John Pyghtlye, Thorn. Pyghtlye, and 
Thorn. Denbye. 

The phraseology of the wills previously given indicate the 
religious beliefs. In one or two cases protestaut Calvinism 
crops out, bis t many retain their ancient Catholic formula. 
Haworth had thus early the right of sepulture. 

Sm ALEXANDER EMMOTT, probably of the Emmotts of 
Emmott Hall, in Haworth, appears as curate of Haworth 
before 153(1. He is charged to pray for tho souls of Edmund 
Tutyll, 1530, and Thomas Whiteears, 1581. John Emott 
WHS witness to a Haworth will in 1546. Sir Alexander left in 
1581, or 1532, and weut into Halifax parish. ' Alex. Emote, 



Past and Present. 88 

preiste,' and ' Sir William Saltonstall, preiste ' were witnesses 
to Richard Best's will, Halifax parish, 1537. William 
Holmes, of Halifax parish, 1538, commenced his will in the 
Protestant formula. He gave to ' Sir Alex. Emot, preist, one 
yrne chymney now in the handes of William Brodley by the 
water,' and a ' Rowme in the xxvj stall upon the Sowthe sid 
of the middle Alley in Halifax Church to Richard Brighouse 
of Hipperholme.' From 1589 Dominus Alex. Emmote fre- 
quently appears as a surrogate. Wills were proved in his 
presence. Richard Sunderland's will, 1537, was proved in 
1545 before Dno. Alex. Ernmott, curate de Halifax. 

' Sir John Clerk, deaken,' occurs along with Sir Alex. 
Ernott, preist, in Whitecar's will, 1531. 

SIR JOHN HALIFAX, of the parish of Haworth, seke in 
bodie, gave- his soul to our ladie, and his bodie to be buried at 
St. Michael's. 'To Mr. George Gargrave my Jacket; to 
Margaret my sister, my horse; to Edward Akerode my gown; 
to William Allerton myne olde gowue; to Richard Akerode 
towc dubletts, a mattres, and three sheits, a saddle and a 
hridell; to Grace Ackerode, towe courletts, two shets and a 
blanket ; to Thomas Lister a paire of hosse clothe ; to Henry 
Ackerode a cloke, and to Anne, his wife, a silver spone; to 
Sir John of Watterhouse my bonnett ; to Henry Ackerode my 
hatte ; to Henry Scladen a paire of hose ; to Robert Wadds- 
worth a paire of hose ; to Sir Thomas Hall towe books ; to 
Sir Steveu Smyth towe books ; to Henry Ackerode the rest of 
my books; to Isabell wife of Richard Ackerode xx gymbers, 
price xxxiijs. iiijd. ; and to the brige, and to bye a grave and 
horde xiijs. iiijd. Henry Ackerode and Thomas Lyster were 
executors. Sir Steven Smyth and George Gargrave, witnesses, 
June 7th, 1540. 

John Halifax, canon of Bolton, is mentioned in 1452. 

Sri: STKI-HEN SMYTH appears to have succeeded Sir Alex. 
Eiimiott as curate at Haworth. He WHS there in 1532, as 
shown by the will of Richard Hogden [Ogden, I presume,] 
of the chapelry of Haworth, 1532, who directed his body to be 



34 HaicortJt : 

buried at St. Michael's. The witnesses were Sr. Steven 
Smyth and Elyas Bynnys. 

The curates generally appear as witnesses, and were 
largely engaged in writing wills, being the persons best able to 
perform the duties, particularly when written in Latin. Sir 
Stephen was witness to Umfri Rishworth's will, 1589, and 
Robert Shakilton's, 1543. Sir Robert Sbakilton was a wit- 
ness to the latter, and would be a native of the district. Sir 
William Mitchell, of Heptonstall, was another who had entered 
the priesthood from a local family. Sir was given to such of 
the clergy as had not graduated, and Dominus to those who had. 

SIR ARTHUR RAWLIXGE, preiste, succeeded to the curacy 
about 1544, when he appears as witness in John Dene's will. 
In 154(5 and 1552 he occurs again. John Rishworth gave, in 
1557, ' to makyng of the CLASSEN wyndowes in the chappell of 
Haworth, xvjd;' and his son desired to be buried 'within the 
sanctuarie at Haworth,' twelve years later. Sir Arthur 
Rawlyn, clarke, of Haworth, was a witness to John Moore's 
will in 1574, and in 1577 to Galfrie Wilson's. 

By indenture made the 18th day of December, 2 Eliz., 
(1560) between Henry Savile, Thomas Darley, and William 
Adame, of Haworth, of the one part, and Andrew Heaton and 
Chr. Holmes, of the same chapelry, of the other part, after re- 
citing that the inhabitants of Haworth Chapelry had raised the 
sum of 36, which said sum, it had been agreed upon by the 
inhabitants, should be laid out in the purchase of lands, and 
the security of the same be taken and kept on foot, in the 
names of some of the principal men of the chapelry, in trust, 
to be transferred from time to time in succession to the said 
Andrew Heaton and Chr. Holmes, to take and receive the 
rents, and pay the same over to the minister, who performed 
the usual duties of divine service in Haworth chapel, being 
first lawfully licensed and admitted thereunto. The parties of 
the first part, in consideration of 36, granted to the said feoffees 
all those three messuages or tenements and forty-two acres of 
laud, situate at Stanbury, with the appurtenances, this proviso 



Past and Prewiii. 85 



being made, that if the said Andrew Heaton and Chr. Holmes, 
their heirs and successors, or a major part of them, should at 
any time thereafter be DEBARRED IN THEIR CHOICE, OR IN THE 
NOMINATION OF MINISTER to supply the place when any vacancy 
should happen, or if a minister, already licensed and admitted, 
be negligent in his duties in the said chapel, or of an infamous 
character, or litigious with tho inhabitants of the said chapolry, 
11ml then, and in any of tho said cases, it should and might bo 
lawful to and for the said fooflees, their heirs and successors, or a 
major part of them, to take and receive the rents, issues, and 
profits annually growing and arising from the said premises, 
and apply and distribute the same to the poor of the said 
chapelry, or to any other good and charitable use or uses for the 
benefit of all the inhabitants, until such time that a minister 
of better merit should be chosen and approved of by the said 
feoffees, their heirs and successors, to supply or officiate in the 
said chapel. 

In 1584, Christopher Hargreaves, of Oxenhope, be- 
queathed ' xxs. to the Imyldinge of Haworthe Church when it 
should bi> enlarged,' and in 1585, 'Christopher Mychell, of 
Haworth, gave xxs. towards the enlarging of Haworth Chappel, 
if done within twenty years.' ' These items indicate that there 
was some movement towards a re-building, and probably such 
took place before 1590. 

Richard Horsfall, of Oxenhope, in 1612 purchased 120 
acres of land at Weetshaw-bottom in Denholme, and from that 
time a branch of that family has been settled in Denholme. 
Mr. William Heaton appears as a leading parishioner in the 
same year, having his residence at Stanbury. In 1614, Stan- 
bury Withens, a place in the parish of Haworth is mentioned. 

In 1085 the Free School was established. 

In 1637 the tithes of the new land in Haworth, with fifty 
shillings per annum of Easter Book proceeds, in connection 
with Bradfoid Parish Church, were sold for 260, and in the 
following year the tithes of Haworth realized 200. 

Abraham Kitchin, (Kitchingman, on a board in the 



86 Haworth: 

chapel,) by indenture of feoffment, dated the loth of April, 
1644, conveyed unto Trustees a messuage called Whinney- 
hill, and land in Far Oxenhope ; and directed that they 
and their successors should receive out of the rents thereof, a 
ten shillings yearly rent-charge, to be paid for the use of the 
poor of the parish of Haworth at Martinmas day. The estate 
belonged to James Feather, of Far Oxenhope, and for thirty 
years previous to the Commissioners' Report, it had not been 
paid; but they intimated to the owner the existence and 
nature of the charge, and the propriety of his paying it. 

EDMUND ROBINSON. A pamphlet containing a sermon 
preached by the Rev. Geo. Halley, M.A., Chaplain of York Gaol, 
on the 29th of March, 1691, gives some particulars of the life 
of this notorious criminal. 

" Robinson was born in Colne parish. His father, a con- 
siderable husbandman, sent him to school, where he made 
great progress in something besides book learning, for I am 
creditably informed by an honest gentleman, who was his 
schoolfellow, that those base practices which have proved his 
ruin then began. He associated with a lad named Gregson, 
whose father was a coiner, and the two lads became utterers of 
pewter shillings. Gregson took holy orders, and was after- 
wards hanged at Lancaster for coining. From school, Robin- 
sou went to the University, but was not there long. However, 
he got into orders, being ordained by the Bishop of Lichfield, 
and went to Holmfirth, where he had a stipend of i'25 a year. 
He was there eleven years, and then pretended to leave the 
place from some bodily indisposition. He preached, likewise, 
for the space of a year at Haworth. This was all the preferment 
he had in the church. His life, while a curate, was by no 
means suitable to his profession, for he would forge licenses, 
and clandestinely marry, and was guilty of many other immor- 
alities, for which he was suspended and excommunicated ; 
and at last imprisoned upon a "writ excommunicato capienda. 
Afterwards he was several times apprehended and tried for his 
life, viz., at York, in March IGTb ; acquitted for clipping, but 



Past and Prex<-ni. 87 

convicted for uttering false money, and fined 20. Again, at 
the assizes in 1679, and in 81st Chas. II., he was convicted 
of uttering false money, and fined 500. In 1685 he was 
tried for coining, and acquitted ; and, lastly, at York, in 
-Aliirch, 1601, for coining and clipping. He challenged thirty- 
five jurors before he would come to his trial. He was con- 
victed and executed on the 31st March, along with nine other 
felons. The Rev. Chaplain, who preached to the condemned 
prisoners the previous day, observed, " I am heartily sorry that 
one who had taken holy orders upon him, (though it is a con- 
siderable time since he pretended to an Ecclesiastical office) 
should prove a malefactor of this kind, and that some should 
make it an accusation against the clergy." Robinson had 
married a daughter of Anthony Armitage, of Almondbury, who 
brought him property worth 12 a year. She and Benjamin 
their son, were tried' at the same assizes as Robinson. She 
was acquitted, and the son reprieved at the gallows. To show 
the extent of their nefarious dealings, a witness stated that 
one Roger Preston, had coined for Robinson to the amount of 
1800 in half a year.'' 

These parts of the West Riding were infested with coiners 
at that and subsequent periods. 

I have placed this notice of Robinson here as I cannot 
find a spare year from 1658 to the time of his execution, and 
I have found no entry at York respecting him. 

The Registers at Haworth have been preserved from 
1645. On the 17th July, 1646, there is an entry recording a 
great tempest, with thunder and lightnings, such as few have 
heard or seen. 

In 1648, February, John Emmott, alias voc. Shays, 
buried. A noise loci ubi natus. This would, probably, be the 
Old Hall, known as Emmott Hall, a sketch of which, from the 
east, is given on p. 88. Under this year is an entry recording a 
battle between Cromwell and the Scots, when the latter were, 
by God's assistance, routed. Also a great fall of snow on 
Fastens Even which continued till the last week of the same winter. 




EMMOTT HALL (EAST VIEW). 

February 25th, 1649, two suns appeared on either side 
of the true sun, making three in all. 

1652. Such a drought between and the first week 

in June that during that season, only one shower. Notwith- 
standing there was a good harvest. 

August 20th, there was a storm of wind and hail, some 
shaped like spur rowels. It was the effect of the conjunction 
of Saturn and Mars in Leo. There were two crops of bil- 
berries. 

Evidently astrology was cultivated at Haworth then, as it 
has been in later times. 

1653. JOHN COLLIER officiated as perpetual curate, but, 
in common with some other neighbouring churches, little order 



Past and Present. 89 

in church affairs prevailed. The Haworth Register of 1658 
has the following curious entry : "A gentleman named Keesbey 
and the relict of one Mr. Gates, being sister of John Midgley, 
of Headley, married by a man like a minister, whom they brought 
along with them." Rev. Win. Midgley, of Headley in Thorn- 
ton, curate of Sowerby, died in 1706, aged 34. Mr. James 
suggests that Mr. Collier was probably suspended by the Par- 
liamentary Commissioners, and re-instated ten years afterwards, 
as we find under date August, 1662 " Timothy, sou of Kev. 
John Collier, buried : 

Si qua Fata aspera rumpus 

Tu Marcellus eris, Deus dedit et abstulit." 

1674, June 28th, Mr. John Collier, sou. of Mr. Jo. Col- 
lier, aged twenty years, buried. 

Upon a gravestone, formerly in the churchyard, Mr. 
Collier, who was buried there October 10th, 1675, was de- 
scribed as ' Laureate,' indicating that, besides being a classical 
scholar, he was a poet. The fragment that remains of this 
stone is reared against the pulpit. 

IOHN COL 
LAVREAT 
SON : TO : 
MINIST 

This raises the question whether the son was not the poet. 
There are some entries in Bradford Church Registers respect- 
ing Mr. Collier's family. He was probably a native of the 
district. The Rev. Jeremy Collier was a native of Yeadon, 
where the family has been seated four centuries nearly. 

1654. The Register states that MR. EDWARD GARFORTH 
began to officiate as minister at Haworth, by commission from 
the Commissioners at London, ordained and empowered for 
settling and approbation of public preachers (he having been 
first approved of, and recommended unto them by the certifi- 
cate of most of the substantial inhabitants of the said parochial 
chapelry of Haworth) on the 12th June this year. 

H..I-.KKT TOWY, SENIOR. 



40 Haworth : 

The Parliamentary Survey, 1655, records " Haworth 
Chappell is distant from its parish church seaven myles. Mr. 
Robert Towne is mynister there, being a constant preacher of 
God's word, and hath for his sallarye twenty-seaven pounds 
thirteene shillings and foure pence p. imn. arysing out of lands 
allotted for that use." It was recommended by the Commis- 
sioners to constitute it a parish church. 

Mr. Town had previously been minister at Elland. The 
Rev. Oliver Heywood, of Coley, (1652) writes : " At Elland 
was old Mr. Robert Town, the famous Antinomian, who writ 
some books ; he was the best scholar and soberest man of that 
judgment in the country, but something unsound in principles. 
He removed: lived and died not long ago a Nonconformist." 
Daniel Towne, his son, an extreme Calvinist, was minister at 
Heptonstall. 

On the 24th of August, 1062, by the Act of Uniformity, 
Robert Town, senior, was ejected from Haworth. The Regis- 
ter there records his burial, June, 1664, " Robert Town, some 
time minister of Haworth." He was then about seventy years 
of age. 

There is also the entry under the year 1655 in the Regis- 
ter : There was a continual wet summer, so that most of the 
hay was generally got in the middle of September. 

1656. The bridge at Brighouse, in Haworth, repaired 
with new timber and stone heads. 

The Sessions Rolls, and Book of Bridges give numerous 
similar records. 

During the Protectorate, publications of banns of mar- 
riages were frequently made at the nearest market placte, 
according to an Act passed in 1653, when it took the form of 
a civil contract, and was performed before a magistrate. 

In my "Nonconformity in Idel " are a few notes taken 
from Bingley Churchwardens' Book, illustrating the customs 
of the ' Exercises ' so popular at Halifax and other places. 

1651. 13 Aprill, ffor meate and drinkewhen Mr. Towr.e 
preached, 4s. 



Pant and Present. 41 

Meat and drink to Jane Wright when Mr. Towne and Mr. 
Taylor preacht, 6s. 6d. 

When both Mr. Townes preached, 6s. 8d. 

For both Mr. Townes, 5s. 

To Jane Wright when both Mr. Townes preacht, 5s. 

1658. Payd att an Excercizefor both Mr. Townes 2s. 8d. 

Old Mr. Town preaching two sermons on Lord's Day, 
Is. 3d. 

Mr. Town preached Lord's Day, Is. 

Excercize for both Mr. Townes, November 7, 2s. 4d. 

Mr. Town younger, preaching Saboath day, Is. 

1654. Excercize, Mr. Town preacht, March 31, 2s. 

1658. Old Mr. Towne preacht in the absence of our 
vicar, Is. 8d. 

1661. Mr. Collier preached 19 June, 6s. 

1668. Mr. Townes [junior] preached, 2s. 6d. 

Mr. Kobbinson preached, 4s. 

In 1660, the number of persons assessed to the Poll Act 
within Haworth Constabulary was 490, which included all the 
Inhabitants over fifteen years of age, except a few paupers. 
The amount of the tax was 35, and the total rent of the lands 
and mills, &t the same time was 1,020. The population in 
the same year may be roughly verified by the entries in the 
Register, multiplied by the generally accepted numbers. 
There were twenty-six baptisms, three marriages, and eight 
burials. I suppose the population would be about 700. 

In 1663, the REV. JOHN COLLIER again appears as curate, 
having resumed office on the ejection of Mr. Town. In 1664, 
eight persons were sent to Halifax Corrections, and afterwards 
excommunicated for non-appearance, viz., seven men for not 
coming to church, and a woman for fornication. 

In 1665, Dugdale, at his visitation, acknowledged the 
right of Mr. John Ramsden, of Haworth, gentleman, to coat- 
armour. He was father of Mr. Joseph Ramsden, of Crowstone, 
near Halifax, (who died in 1698,) whose widow Elizabeth, nee 
Finch, grand-daughter of William Horton, Esq., of Barkisland, 

p 



42 Haworth : 

married, secondly, Sir Richard Musgrave, Bart. Thomas 
Ramsden, Esq., high sheriff in 1726, was son of Joseph and 
Elizabeth Rarnsden. 

In 1665, the following inhabitants of Haworth were charged 
with recusancy before the West Riding magistrates : Christo- 
pher Holmes, Joseph Smith, William Clayton, William 
Clayton, junior, John Clayton, junior, John Pighills, John 
Taylor, Jonas Turner, and Nathan Heaton. They were prob- 
ably Protestant Dissenters, and not Roman Catholics. 

We meet with one tradesman's token : 
SAMUEL OGDEN, HAWORTH. 
[A Tankard.] 

I WILL EXCHANGE MY PENNY. 
1670. 

1675, November, the REV. EDMUND MOORE entered as 
curate of Haworth, and in 1684 his death is recorded : Mr. 
Edmund Moore departed this life July llth. There were 
several clergymen of the name of Moore. Robert Moore was 
vicar of Guiseley ; his son, ' the good old puritanical minister 
of Guiseley, who diligently and faithfully served the cure sixty- 
three years.' Mr. Moore, of Baildon, was ejected in 1662, 
but afterwards conformed, and was curate at Coley for six 
months, 1671-2. Edmund Moore nou ita pridem colleg. xpi 
alumns. apd. cant. & curate Baildon, 1663. 

Dec. 20th, 1663, Mr. Oliver Heywood, ejected from Coley 
1662, went to hear Mr. Moore, of Baildon, at Coley, a reputed 
Antinomian. The churchwarden opposed his attendance in vain. 

He was the one who settled at Haworth. The Bingley 
Wardens' Book has : 

1651. Mr. Moore preached, 2s. 6d. 

1(558. When Mr. Moore preached at our church, Is. 6d, 

Mr. Heywood notes in his diary a long drought in April 
and May, 1681, when the moors of Haworth and Marsden 
were on fire. 

Mr. James supposes that Pdcluinhon Middlcton held the 
curacy because he signed a certificate of marriage in May, 



/'.s/ and 1'rcsrnt. 43 

1680, but I think this unlikely. He may have been assistant 
for a time on account of Mr. Moore's indisposition. 

The importance of Haworth, in 1679, as one of the town- 
ships of Bradford parish may be surmised from the heavy pro- 
portion (one-fifth) of the whole parish church lay. 

1684. On the death of Mr. Moore, the REV. Richard 
Margerison, A.B., was licensed to the curacy of Haworth, 
September 22nd. During his time we find traces that Dissent, 
consequent, no doubt, on the ejection of 1662, and the spread 
of Quaker tenets, had taken root in Haworth. 

On the 13th of June, 1672, the Rev. Oliver Heywood, of 
Coley, paid his first visit to Haworth. He describes it as a 
very immoral and profane place, where there had never been 
good preaching. He preached at the house of Jonas Foster, 
to a very large assembly. Mr. Heywood never failed to leave 
his mark for good, and so we find him looked upon by certain 
people at Haworth as their ' bishop,' and he occasionally paid 
them a visit. On the 28th of March, 1692, he makes the fol- 
lowing remarks : 

" I rode to preach at J. R.'s, in Haworth town. God 
greatly assisted my heart in weeping and wrestling with him 
for the conversion of sinners, and in preaching on Isaiah Iv. 7. 
There was a great crowd of people, and they were attentive. 
Who knows what good may be done ? The same day, being 
Easter Monday the Vicar of Bradford sat all day in an ale- 
house there, gathering his Easter dues, in Haworth parish. 
There was wont always to be a sermon in the church that day, 
but Mr. Pemberton had laid it aside. Many flocked to him to 
pay their Easter reckonings, which came to about 10, and 
then came to hear me. I had nothing for my pains, except 
some four or five put sixpence a-piece into my hand. I rode 
fourteen miles there and back, and was greatly comforted in 
my day's work, and thought it was better than his. Though my 
worldly gains were short, yet, may I gain one soul to Christ 
by my hard labour, and I shall be satisfied." 

This observation wab hardly worthy so ^juud a man as 



44 Hairorth : 

Mr. Heywood, and happily against it a hundred excellent ob- 
servations from his diary can be placed. The J. R. was John 
Rhodes, who obtained at Knaresbro' Sessions, October, 1690, 
permission to hold religious services in his house. 

In 1692, Mr. Heywood notes : " J. Rhodes, of Haworth, 
told me of a man near Colne, wrought upon by a sermon I 
preached at Holmes Chapel, two or three years ago, who is 
now very serious.'' 

I find the following notices in the Session Rolls, entered 
in accordance with the Toleration Act. George Fox had 
gained very many converts in the West Riding, and very 
severely they suffered for their dissent, as ween in Besse's 
" Sufferings of the Quakers." 
Oct. 10th, 1689, the house of James Smith, Haworth, was 

registered on the application of James Smith. 
July, 1693, at Leeds Sessions, the house of Thomas Fether, of 
Northis, in Haworth, recorded as a dissenting meeting- 
place. Signed Thomas ffether, John Holmes, Robert 
Heaton, Nicholas Dickson, Michael Pighells, Christopher 
Holmes, George ffether, John Moore, Joseph Pighells. 
At Leeds, July, 1696, the houses of William Clayton and 
Jonas Smith, Haworth, registered for the Society of 
Friends, commonly called Quakers. 

It is probable that Mr. Robinson was curate here after 
Mr. Margerison. He had been assistant at Holmfirth for 
eight years, and for three more (1685-8) held the curacy 
there, but was suspended, according to Burton Parish Regis- 
ter, in 1688. A cellar at Over Brockholes (or Bank End) 
was shown as the place where he carried on his coining. His 
son, aged 18, was reprieved, and sent to the Royal Mint, 
where, it is said, he acquired an ample fortune. 

The REV. TIMOTHY ELLISON was curate of Melthani, near 

Huddersfield, in 1674, when he certifies to certain interments 

where the body was wrapped in woollen as per a recent statute. 

July 23rd, 1882, he settled at Coley and was there till 

1702. He was a native of Prescot, in Lancashire, and of 



Past and Present. 45 

Puritan extraction. He " prayed well, preached zealously, 
and lived honestly. The people flocked to hear him and were 
much affected." Heywood's MSS. 

The York Presentation Books give : Timothy Ellison, 
clieus, A.M., licensed to the curacy of Coley, September 29th, 
1682. Timo. Ellisonne admitted curate of Haworth May 21st, 
1702. Mr. Oliver Heywood frequently attended service at 
Coley under Mr. Ellison's ministry, and they were 011 friendly 
terms. Mr. Nathaniel Heywood, of Ormskirk, often preached 
ut the house of Mr. Ellison's father. Timothy Elisoue, clerk, 
curate of Coley, 1701, was charged at the visitation with bury- 
ing persons in the chapellyard, being not consecrated. 

" Hannah, daughter of Mr. Ellison, minister att Otlay, 
buried at Bradford, June 4, 1642." Probably no relation to 
the former. 

1703. The REV. WILLIAM CLIFFORD, clerk, was admitted 
June 2nd, having been elected by the inhabitants, with the 
consent of the Vicar of Bradford. He had been a member of 
St. John's College, Cambridge, and became curate of Light- 
cliffe, near Halifax, in 1678. The Hartishead Register con- 
tains the entry of his marriage, August 28th, 1679 : " Mr. 
William Clifforth, curate of Lightcliffe, to Susan Thorpe." 
Married at Hartishead. The Thorpes were an influential 
family at Hipperholme. Halifax Parish Register records the 
baptism of two of his children : Susannah, baptized in 1680, 
and Grace in 1681. Also the burial of ' the wife of Mr. 
William Cliffe, curate of Haworth, buried at Halifax, in 1723.' 
I have several times seen his name written Cliffe. Mr. 
Wright, in the preface to his History of Halifax, 1738, says, 
" A late learned clergyman, Mr. William Clifford, M.A., has 
been heard to say that this severe custom (gibbeting,) was 
granted to preserve the King's deer in the forest of Hard wick." 
In the Northowrarn Register it is stated that Mr. Clifford 
resigned Haworth owing to old age, and lived many years at 
Northowram, where he died April 18th, 1732, and was interred 
at Halifax. The Archbishop '6 Buoks at York give the admis- 



46 HawortJi : 

sion of Mr. William Clifford, A.B., deacon, October 7th, 1G7B. 
He was ordained priest the same year. 

1680, William Clifford, clerk, Lightcliffe, charged with 
not receiving the Lord's Sapper at Easter. 

1715, Mr. William Clifford, clergyman, Shelf, called upon 
to take the oath of allegiance. It seems from this that he was 
considered a disaffected person. 

Collected in ye Chappell of Lightcliffe : 

Aug. 27, 1084, upon ye brief of Warsop, ye sum of 
3s 3d. Witness us William Clifford, Cur. ibid, John Sharppe, 
chappill warden. 

Oct. 26, 1684, upon ye brief of St. Maries Parish, Ely, 
Is 9d (witnesses the same). 

Feb. 5, 1687, upon ye brief of Stairbottom, in ye gift of 
Kettlewell co. York, us 5d. Witness us William Clifford cur. 
ibid, James Leake, warden. 

April 27, 1688, upon ye second brief for ye French Pro- 
testants, ye sunarn of eleven shillings (Witnesses the same). 

These entries remind us of days when Insurance Societies 
were unknown, and when collections were ordered to be made 
in all places of worship (dissenters' as well) for those who had 
suffered from fire and other disasters. 

1726. Sep. 3rd. MR. JACKSON buried. Mr. James 
supposes him to have been a curate, and it seems likely, as 
Mr. Clifford resided at Shelf in 1715, but I have not met with 
his license. The Rev. Jeremiah Jackson was Lecturer at the 
Parish Church, Bradford, in 1719. 

In Mr. Holroyd's Collectanea is a list of the owners of 
seats in Bradford Church, 1705. We thus get a summary 
view of the land owners at that date. 
HAWORTH. 

Mr. Midgley, for his land and School land... four. 

The Heirs of Mr. Ramsden and of Widow 

Holdsworth five. 

Mr. John Holmes, of Yeadon, for his land... two. 

The Heirs of Collier and Joseph Pighill's land four. 



Past and Present. 47 

Thomas Midgley's land .'. one. 

James Hartley, Hall Green one. 

James Rishworth, Strobbing one. 

John Greenwood, Brighouse one. 

Caleb Heaton and Smith's land of the Intack one. 

Michael Pighill's and John Wright l. 

Henry and John Ickoringill's lands j. 

OXENHOPE. 

John Holmes, of Old Oxenhope four. 

Mr. Robert Ferrand and Mr. Francis Lyndley two. 

Joseph Rishworth and Benjamin Rath two. 

Richard Pighills... 8*. Titus Mitchell f. 

John Heaton ... H. Martha Feather l. 

Michael Pighill's land one. 

Robert Beaton's laud and Joseph Crabtree's one. 

Thomas Rishworth and Parkinson's lands ... one. 

Widow Hartley and John Mitchell's land ... one. 

Mr. Pollard... . Tim. Horsfall's land ... . 
Bernard Hartley, John Pighills and John 

Sutcliff two. 

Widow Sutclift' and Buckley lands 

Jonas Horsfall and William Ogden's lands... three. 
John Roberts |-, and Jonas Horsfall of Yait. 

Thomas Whitaker and heirs of Samuel Midgley two. 

John Murgatroyd's laud one. 

Jonas Foster, junior, ditto one. 

Michael Ogdeu, Joseph Ogden, and William 

Haigh's lands one. 

James Hartley, James Rawson and Jonas 

Driver's lands two. 

Joshua Feather, John Rishworth and John 

AVhitaker's land two. 

Michael Hartley and Thomas Ackroyd's land one. 

Jonas Haigh... i. Abm. Farrer's land ^. 

John Driver, Michael Driver, John Hartley 

and Joseph Ogden's lands two. 



48 Ilairorth: 

Jonas Foster, Jonas Rishworth and Tiin. 

Mitchell's lands one. 

Heirs of Matthew Foster, Jeremy Pearson, 
Ismael Ogden, Jonas Haigh and 

Matthew Brjggs' laud two. 

Christopher Holmes, John Greenwood, and 
John Heaton, of Lame Close, 

lands one. 

STANBURY. 

Robert Heaton and Andrew Heaton three. 

Robert Heaton, junior, George Taylor, and 

Peter Heatou for Hill Top lands one. 
William Heaton, James Rawson, and John 

Wilson's lands two. 

Nicholas Dixon and Utley lauds two. 

Widow Taylor, half, and Wm. Midgley's lands two. 
N. Midgley, of Old Field, and Church lands three. 
John Pighills, wheelwright, and Crabtree lands two. 
Robert Pighills, Robert Taylor, John Holmes, 

and John Hanson's lands two. 

John Redman, Robert Clayton, and Nathan- 
iel Dixon, Coldknowe lands one. 

James Smith's lauds one. 

John Clayton and Michael Moorhouse, of 

Moorhouse lands one. 

David Midgley, Esq., by will, dated 5th March, 1723, 
devised, after the death of his wife, a messuage and thirty acres 
of land, at Withens, in Haworth, unto trustees, to the intent 
that they should yearly on Martinmas day, out of the rents, 
clothe with good blue clothes and other necessary wearing 
apparel, ten poor children under seven years of age, of the 
township of Haworth, to be chosen by the trustees for the 
tiuie being. The property lets for about ,1'fjO per annum, and 
has, since Mr. Midgley's death, been considered as private, 
and sold as such, subject to the said charge. The Ferrands 
now hold the property. Thy children :'.re chosen by the 



t'ast and /.'resent. 49 

chapelwardens of Haworth, with the concurrence of the owner 
of the estate. The boys receive each a coat, waistcoat and 
hreeches, of blue cloth ; and the girls a blue cloth jacket, two 
petticoats, a blue cap, and a pair of blue stockings. 

In 1785 Mr. Richard Pollard gave, by will, (inter alia,) 
out of his estate at Bradford, 50s. per annum to the poor of 
Haworth and Stanbury, to be distributed on Christmas Day. 
This was to be paid by Thomas Pighells, and George . Taylor, 
and their heirs. A stone in the churchyard records the burial 
of Mr. Richard Pollard, of Stanbury, August 25th, 1735, aged 69. 

1726. Isaac Smith, M.A., son of the Rev. Matthew 
Smith, of Mixendeu, succeeded in 1726. He made the fol- 
lowing entiy in the Register "Isaac Smith came to Haworth 
to be minister there, October 2nd, 1726, and raised the church 
rents vi et armis." 

The books at York record his presentation, September 
26th, 1726, when a deacon, on the nomination of the Rev. 
Benj. Kennet, Vicar of Bradford. 

In 1729 he rebuilt the church barn at the cost of 20, and 
erected a church clock which cost 8, of which he paid one-half. 
It is also recorded that on " May 15th, 1739, at six o'clock in 
the evening, the house in Haworth, called the parsonage, was 
solemnly dedicated and so named, with prayers, aspersions, 
acclamations, and crossings, by J. S." Another entry in the 
Register records " That theretofore there had boen a corrupt 
custom, after receiving the sacrament, for the church officers 
to dine in an alehouse with the minister; but the custom was 
altered, and instead, on Christmas-day and Good Friday, they 
were to go together, after divine service, to some alehouse to 
take a moderate repast." It would seem that he was some- 
what of a reformer, and encountered some opposition which he 
had to suppress ri <>1 xnnifi. There is still another entry of a 
personal character made by him: -"16 Mar. 1737. The 
Rev. Isaac Smith was suspended from his ministerial functions, 
for publishing and marrying a couple from Bradford parish, till 
Whit-Sunday, 1711, on -hich d;: hu resumed." 



50 Hairortlt : 

The Register states " These following were married by 
the clog and shoe in Lancashire, hut paid the minister of 
Haworth his dues. 1 ' Mr. Smith then adds sixteen names. 

" Henry Hallewell takes the grass in the church yard for 
15 Ib. of candles, three in the lb., every year, to be used for lights 
at six o'clock prayers, and burying the dead, when occasion 
requires." 

" One of the duties of the clerk is to ring the great bell 
at eight a.m. every Sunday, announcing thereby the day of the 
the month, by causing the bell to strike as many times as days." 

Mr. Smith was buried at Haworth, December 19th, 1741. 

Under date December llth, 1739, the York Presentation 
Book gives " Joseph Keighley, assistant curate of Haworth, 
on the nomination of Isaac Smith, clerk, curate." 

Of the three bells, formerly in Haworth Steeple, the third 
was purchased in 1741, and baptized Great Tim. 

Mr. Isaac Smith had evidently some peculiar ideas, and 
considering the training he had received it is somewhat sur- 
prising that he should have become a church clergyman at all. 
His father figured very prominently as a dissenter, and besides 
labouring indefatigably as an itinerant evangelist, educated a 
few young men for the ministry, among whom were two of his 
sons, John, who settled at Warley some years before his 
father's death, and Isaac, who conformed and settled at 
Haworth. The Rev. Matthew Smith refused an offer of a 
benefice in the Church of England of the value of 200 per 
annum, and wrote to the offerer thanking him for his generous 
proposals. He graduated in the University of Edinburgh, 
where he took his degree of M.A. He was born at York, in 
1650, and after staying a short time at Kipping, in Thornton, 
became minister at Mixenden. Joseph Lister's Autobiography 
gives many interesting notices of him. He afterwards divided 
his labours mainly between the congregations of Mixenden and 
Warley. There was some difference on doctrinal matters 
between him and Mr. Heywood in, or before, 1099, which are 
stated and defended in his " Treatise on the True Nature of 



Past and Present. 51 

\ 

Imputed Righteousness," published in 1700. This book 
created considerable clamour. He describes himself as 
' neither a Calvinist nor an Arminian, but one that treats in 
media via.' He married the daughter of Lieutenant Sharp, 
of Horton, cousin to the Rev. T. Sharp, of Leeds. Mr. Smith 
suffered much from persecution ; he preached at uncertain 
hours, often in the night ; but though soldiers were frequently 
sent to apprehend him, he always escaped. He was the 
means of establishing several dissenting ' causes ' in the vil- 
lages around. He died in 1786, aged 86. His life, prefixed 
to his " Sermons," was published by his son, the Rev. John 
Smith, of Bradford, who became an Arian. A grandson of 
the Rev. Matthew Smith became minister at Selby. 

1742. William Grimshaw, B.A., succeeded Mr. Smith. 
He made the following entry in the Register : Rev W. Grim- 
shaw, A.B., of Christ's College, Cambridge, succeeded the 
Rev. Isaac Smith, M.A., deceased in the parochial curacy of 
Haworth, May 16th, 1742, having been minister of the paro- 
chial curacy of Tochnorden ten years and nine months. He 
was born at Brindle, near Preston ; some time educated at the 
Freo School of Blackburn, by Mr. George Smith, head master 
thereof for some years, but was afterwards removed to the 
Free School of Heskin, and put under the care of Mr. Thomas 
Johnson, head master thereof, and from thence was sent to be 
admitted a member of the University and College above- 
mentioned." 

The Presentation Book at York has the following entry : 
"Win. Grimshaw, clerk, B.A., 23 June, 1742, licensed to 
Curacy of Haworth on mom u - of Benj Kennett, Vicar of Brad- 
ford, John Greenwood, Abm. Mitchell, Thos. Pighells, Michael 
Heaton Michael Pighells, Geo. Taylor, Wra. Greenwood, John 
Appleyd. Jonas Horsfall, Trustees for said chappel." 

Mr. James remarks that "Mr. Grimshaw may be consi- 
dered one of the most hard-working and conscientious clergy- 
men of his age, in the north of England. The labours he 
accomplished in the way of preaching, and other religious 



52 iiau-orl/i : 

exercises, iu bis o\vu Chapelry, and neighbouring parishes, are 
extraordinary. He was one of the most enthusiastic disciples 
of John Wesley, who often preached in Haworth Church and 
the churchyard to overflowing congregations. Though Mr. 
Grimshaw, on many occasions, exhibited more zeal than judg- 
ment, yet he was much respected by all parties in Haworth, 
and succeeded, though often by the persuasion of a horse- whip, 
in putting down there many rank vices." His popularity so 
increased the congregation that it was necessary to enlarge the 
church, which was accomplished in 1755. The Register 
records that " 1763, April 7th, Rev. William Grimshaw died 
at Sowdens near Haworth, after twenty years spent in preach- 
ing early and late, with great success." 
Memoirs of the Life of the late Rev. William Grimshaw, A.B., 

Minister of Haworth, in the West Riding of the County 

of York, by JOHN NEWTON, Rector of St. Mary, Wool- 

noth. 12 mo. pp. 187. London, 1799. 

It has been reprinted numerous times, but the most 
curious edition is one printed by John Greenwood, at Haworth, 
a few years ago, which has two or three different shades of 
paper. Mr. Spence Hardy published a ' Life,' and Mr. W. 
Myles published another. 

In justice to the first biographer of Mr. Grimshaw, we 
will use bis own words, as addressed to the Rev. Henry 
Foster. As a plea for the length of the quotations, allow me 
to say that, personally, I look upon Mr. Grimshaw's ministry 
as the grandest period in the history of Haworth Church. 
The good accomplished is incalculable. 

Mr. Grimshaw was born at Briudle, near Preston, on the 
8d of Sept. 1708. He was admitted a member of Christ's 
College, Cambridge, in his eighteenth year. He was ordained 
Deacon in 1731. Yet he loved jovial company, days of high 
living and boisterous jollity. His delight was in hunting, 
fishing, and playing at cards. About 1734 he was powerfully 
awakened to a sense of his duty, and after some years of re- 
lleetiou aud (struggles he attained to gospel freedom. After 



Past and Present. 53 

four years of married life, he lost his wife in 1789. He was 
her third husband, and was greatly attached to her. In 1742 
he settled at Haworth. Mr. Newton (Cowper's friend) copies 
Mr. Grimshaw's dedication of himself to the Lord's service. 
One passage in it reads : " Thou knowest, Lord, I solemnly 
covenanted with Thee, in the year 1738 ; and before that 
wonderful manifestation of Thyself unto me, at church, and in 
the clerk's house, between the hours of ten and two o'clock on 
Sunday Sept. 2, 1744, I had again solemnly devoted myself 
to thee on Aug. 8, 1744. And now once more and for ever, 
I most solemnly give up, devote and resign all I am, spirit, 
soul and body, to Thee, and to thy pleasure and command, in 
Christ Jesus, my Saviour, this 4th of December 1752." 

" I renewed this solemn Dedication in a most awful 
manner 5th of June, 1760. that I may carefully remember 
and keep it ! 

"I purpose to renew this Dedication with a quarterly 
fast, the first Friday in January, April, July, and October, 
during life." 

" The best account I have met with of the incident to which 
Mr. Grimshaw refers on Sept. 2, 1744, and which I think may 
be credited, was given by a person who then lived with him as 
a servant, to the following purport : That she was called up 
that morning at five o'clock, but found her master was risen 
before her, and was retired into a private room for prayer. 
After remaining there some time, he went to a house in 
Haworth, where he was engaged a while in religious exercises 
with some of his people, he then returned home and retired 
for prayer again, and from thence to church. She 
believes he had not eaten any thing that morning. While 
reading the second lesson he fell down ; he was soon helped, 
aud led out of the church. He continued to talk to the people 
as he went, and desired them not to disperse, for he hoped he 
should return to them soon, and he had something extra- 
ordinary to say to them. They led him to the clerk's house, 
where he lay seemingly insensible. She, with others, were em- 



54 Haworih : 

ployed in rubbing bis limbs (which were exceedingly cold, with 
warm cloths. After some time, he came to himself, and seemed 
to be in a great rapture. The first words he spoke were, 
1 1 have had a glorious vision from the Third Heaven.' But 
she does not remember that he made any mention of what he 
had seen. In the afternoon he performed service in the 
church, which began at two o'clock, and preached and spoke 
so long to the people, that it was seven in the evening before 
he returned home. 

" Haworth is a small village about nine or ten miles from 
Halifax, and nearly the same distance from Bradford, in the 
West Riding of Yorkshire. You know the place much better 
than I, but I mention it for the information of others. It is 
one of those obscure places, which, like the fishing towns in 
Galilee favoured with our Lord's presence, owe all their cele- 
brity to the gospel. The name of Haworth, would scarcely be 
known at a distance, were it not connected with the name of 
Grimshaw. The bleak and barren face of the adjacent country 
was no improper emblem of the state of the inhabitants ; who 
in general had little more sense of religion than their cattle, 
and were wild and uncultivated like the rocks and mountains 
which surrounded them. By the blessing of God upon Mr. 
Grimshaw's ministry, this desert soon became a fruitful field, 
a garden of the Lord, producing many trees of righteousness, 
planted by the Lord himself, and the barren wilderness rejoiced 
and blossomed like the rose. 

" The tenor and energy of Mr. Grimshaw's preaching soon 
engaged the attention of his hearers. Some of these had 
seldom thought it worth their while to enter the doors of a 
church ; and those who had attended public worship, had as 
seldom heard any thing more from the pulpit, than cold lec- 
tures upon lean, modern morality. But he commanded their 
attention. His heart was engaged, he was pressed in spirit, 
he spoke with earnestness and authority, as one who was well 
assured of the truth and importance of his message. Nor did 
he long speak in vain. 



Past and Present, 55 

" There are four hamlets in the parish of Haworth, and as 
in them there were persons whom age, sickness, distance, or 
prejudice, prevented from attending at church, he considered 
them all as belonging to his charge, and was unwilling that 
any of them should perish in ignorance. He therefore went 
to them who could not, or would not, come to him, teaching 
and exhorting them from house to house ; and preaching in a 
more public way in the houses where he was invited. Hearers 
flocked to him from adjacent, and in a short time from more 
distant, places. And when strangers were effectually wrought 
upon by his words, they of course felt a strong attachment to 
him themselves, and a concern for their neighbours. 

" His zeal, and his desire to be useful to the souls of men, 
made him readily accept invitations to visit and preach in 
other parishes. Thus the line of his service was gradually 
extended. His constitution was streng, his health firm, his 
spirits good, and his zeal ardent. He was able to bear much 
fatigue and hardship, and he did not spare himself. The love 
of Christ constrained him. Without intermitting his stated 
services at home, he went much abroad. In a course of time 
he established two circuits, which, with some occasional varia- 
tions, he usually traced every week, alternately. One of 
these, he often pleasantly called his idle week, because he 
seldom preached more than twelve or fourteen times. His 
sermons in his working or busy week, often exceeded the 
number of twenty-four, and sometimes amounted to thirty. 

" An itinerant preacher, especially an itinerant clergyman, 
was a character little known previous to the rise of Methodism. 
He was perhaps the very first man in Yorkshire, whose zeal 
prompted him to preach in the parish of another minister, 
without his express consent. Bxt in so doing, he did not break 
through those stipulations and engagements to be regular, 
which it has been thought proper in succeeding times, to re- 
quire from many candidates for holy orders. The circumstances 
which gave occasion for such restrictions did not then exist. 
Nor did he go abroad unasked. The visible effects of his 



56 Haimrtlt : 

ministry at home, engaged his neighbours to solicit his assist- 
ance. He neither could, nor would, nor did he dare to deny 
them, when he saw in many places, 

"The hungry sheep look up, but were not fed. 

" The providence of God favoured him in the attempt. For 
though unsupported by great patronage, and unsolicitous to 
obtain it ; and though he went far beyond all his cotempor- 
aries in this novel and offensive method, by which much envy, 
jealousy, and displeasure, were excited against him ; yet he 
was not restrained. Nor have I heard that he met with any 
serious and determined marks of disapprobation from his 
superiors in the church. But he sometimes met with opposi- 
tion from those who hated to be reformed. He Avas once 
disturbed by a set of rioters, who, it is said, were hired for 
the purpose, when preaching at Colne in Lancashire ; and the 
minister of the parish preached a sermon against him, and 
afterwards printed it ; this gave occasion to the only publica- 
tion which I have heard attributed to Mr. Grimshaw. It was 
printed at Preston in the year 1749, and entitled, An Answer 
to a Sermon published against the Methodists, by the Rev. 
Mr. George White, M.A., Minister of Colne and Marsden in 
Lancashire, by the Rev. William Grimshaw, Minister of 
Haworth, Yorkshire. It is reported and believed in that 
neighbourhood, that Mr. White, when on his dying bed, sent 
for Mr. Grimshaw, expressed his concern for having opposed 
him, and was perfectly reconciled to him. But in the latter 
years of his ministry, his character and motives were so gener- 
ally known, that he was respected not only by the pious, but 
the profane ; he lived down all outward opposition, and there 
was scarcely a person within the circle of his connexions, 
which was not a small one, who, however different from him in 
principles or in practice, did not believe but that Mr. Grim- 
shaw was upright in his professions and aims, and a friend to 
mankind. 

" But it was thought that his success was not so visible 
and extensive in his own parish, as amongst the numbers who 



Past and Present. 57 

flocked to his church from other places : he had hearers who 
came statedly from the distance of ten or twelve miles, for a 
course of years, and were seldom prevented either by severe 
weather, or bad roads. 

" In the summer season, Haworth was frequently visited by 
people from a still greater distance. When Mr. Wesley or 
Mr. Whitneld, and other eminent ministers have been there, 
the congregation usually consisted of many thousands. The 
communicants, on these occasions, were more than the church 
(which was not a small one) could contain at once ; and while 
divine service was repeately performed within the walls, a suc- 
cession of sermons, with some intervals, were preached in the 
course of the day, to the people in the church-yard, who could 
not attend in the church for want of room. These exercises 
were confessedly irregular, but there was at that time a great 
dearth of gospel knowledge. 

" But though Mr. Grimshaw often preached to great num- 
bers, he was a no less attentive servant to a few. When any were 
willing to hear, he was ready to preach, and he often cheerfully 
walked miles in the winter, in storms of wind, rain, or snow, 
upon lonely unsheltered moors, to preach to a small company 
of poor, aged, decrepit people, in a cottage. 

" In a word, he was a burning and a shining light. His 
zeal was not an angry, unhallowed, fire, nor the blind impulse 
of a heated imagination, nor was it ostentatious. It was the 
bright flame of that love, which his knowledge of the love of 
Christ had kindled in his heart. This love constrained him 
to such unusual and unwearied endeavours to make others as 
happy as he was himself, that perhaps he was thought beside 
himself, by those whose religion consisted in a form of godli- 
ness destitute of power. 

" If the doctrine which ascribes the whole of a sinner's 
salvation, from the first dawn of liijlit, the first motion of 
spiritual life in the heart, to its full accomplishment in victory 
over the last enemy, be Calvinism, I think Mr. Grimshaw was 
a Calvinist. But I am not sure that he thought himself so. 

I 



58 ttaworth: 

And many Calvinists would scarcely have acknowledged his 
claim to that name, if he had made it. 

" The last time I was with him, as we were standing 
together upon a hill near Haworth, and surveying the romantic 
prospect around us, he expressed himself to the following pur- 
port, and I believe I nearly retain his very words, for they 
made a deep impression upon me while he spoke. ' When I 
' first came into this country, if I have gone half a day's 
'journey on horseback towards the east, west, north, and 
1 south, I could not meet with or hear of one truly serious 
' person and now, through the blessing of God upon the poor 
' services of the most unworthy of his ministers, besides a 
' considerable number whom I have seen or known to have 
' departed this life like Simeon, rejoicing in the Lord's salva- 
' tion ; and besides five dissenting churches or congregations, of 
' which the ministers, and nearly every one of the members 
' were first awakened under my ministry ; I have still at my 
' sacraments, according to the weather, from three hundred to 
' five hundred communicants, of the far greater part of whom, so 
' far as man who cannot see the heart (and can therefore only 
' determine by appearances, profession, and conduct) may 
'judge, I can give almost as particular an account, as I can of 
' myself. I know the state of their progress in religion. By 
' my frequent visits and converse with them, I am acquainted 
' with their several temptations, trials, and exercises, both 
' personal ami domestic, both spiritual and temporal, almost 
' as intimately, as if I had lived in their families.' A stranger 
who had stood upon the name spot, from whence he could see little 
but barren mountains and moors, would scarcely think this 
declaration credible. But I knew the man well, and of all the 
men I ever knew, I can think of no one who was less to be 
suspected of boasting than Mr. Grimshaw. 

" Though he was not himself a magistrate, nor supported 
or backed by legal authority, bis success was wonderful. His 
irreproachable character, his resolution and firmness, his 
impartiality, his known benevolence, gave him an authority 



Past and Present. 59 

and influence, within his own circle, superior to what is often 
derived from titles, wealth, or official importance ; he had not 
been long in Haworth hefore he was almost universally 
respected, and the most vicious and profligate of his parishioners 
were restrained and awed by his presence. 

" He was very earnest and persevering in enforcing a due 
observance of the Lord's day. At church, in prayer time, if 
he observed any careless behaviour, he would often stop, 
rebuke the offender, and not proceed till he saw the whole 
congregation upon their knees. For with him, the reading 
prayers was not a matter of custom or form, to be hurried 
over merely as a prelude to preaching ; he really prayed, and 
the solemnity of his tone and gesture, induced the people, at 
least apparently, to pray with him. Exhortations to attention 
were seldom necessary from the pulpit, for the animated 
manner of his preaching, usually kept the eyes of his hearers 
fixed upon him, while he was speaking ; and frequently almost 
the whole congregation by turns, were in tears, during different 
parts of his discourses, as they were differently affected, either 
by a sense of guilt and danger, or by his pathetic representa- 
tions of the love of the Saviour, and his readiness to receive 
sinners. 

" It was his frequent and almost constant custom, to 
leave the church, while the psalm before sermon was singing, 
to see if any were absent from worship, and idling their time 
in the church-yard, the street, or the ale-houses, and many of 
those whom he so found, he would drive into the church before 
him. A friend of mine passing a public house in Haworth, 
on a Lord's day morning, saw several persons making their 
escape out of it, some jumping out of the lower windows, and 
some over a low wall ; he was at first alarmed, fearing the 
house was on fire, but upon inquiring what was the cause of 
the commotion, he was told, that they saw the parson coming. 
They were more afraid of their parson than of a justice of 
peace. His reproofs were so authoritative, and yet so mild 
and friendly, that the stoutest sinners could not stand before him, 



60 Haworth : 

" One Lord's day as a man was passing through Haworth 
on horseback, his horse lost a shoe ; he applied to a black- 
smith, who told him he could not shoe a horse ou the Lord's 
day, without the Minister's leave. They went together to Mr. 
Grhnshaw, and the man satisfying him that he was really in 
haste, going for a midwife, Mr. Grimshaw permitted the black- 
smith to shoe the horse, which otherwise he would not have 
done for double pay. 

" He endeavoured likewise to suppress the generally 
prevailing custom in country places, during the summer, of 
walking in the fields on a Lord's day, between the services or 
in the evening, in companies. He not only bore his testimony 
against it, from the pulpit, but reconnoitered the fields in 
person, to detect and' reprove the delinquents. One instance 
of this kind, which shews both his care of his people, and his 
great ascendancy over them, and which is ascertained by the 
testimony of many witnesses, some of whom I believe are still 
living, I shall relate. There was a spot at some distance from 
the village, to which many young people continued to resort ; 
he had often warned them in his preaching against this 
custom, and at last, he disguised himself one evening, that he 
might not be kuown till he was near enough to discover who 
they were. He then spoke and charged them not to move. 
He took down all their names with his pencil, and ordered 
them to attend him on a day and hour which he appointed. 
They all waited upon him accordingly, as punctually as if they 
had been served with a judge's warrant. When they came, he 
led them into a private room, where, after he had formed them 
into a circle, and commanded them to kneel down ; he kneeled 
down in the midst of them, and prayed for them with much 
earnestness for a considerable time, and concluded the inter- 
view, when he rose up, by a close and affecting lecture. He 
never had occasion afterwards to repeat his friendly discipline. 
He entirely broke the custom, and my informant assures me, 
that the place has never been resorted to on a Sunday evening, 
from that time, to the present day. 



Past and*Present. 61 

"But his attention to the people of his more immediate 
charge, was not confined to the Lord's day. He was the same 
man every day in the week. His religion was not by fits and 
starts, but habitual and constant, like the beating of his pulse. 
It was, as water is to a fish, the very element in which he 
lived. He had a meeting for prayer and exhortation, every 
morning when he was at home, in the summer season at five 
o'clock, and in the winter at six. These exercises were short 
and at an early hour, that the people might not be detained 
from following the duties of their callings, whether in the shop 
or in the field. For he was an enemy to idleness, and gave 
no encouragement to those who would plead religious saunter- 
ing, as an excuse for neglecting their proper business in civil 
life. But he thought likewise, that to begin the day with 
prayer and praise, was the best means to sweeten labour, to 
prepare the mind for unforeseen trials, and to guard it against 
the influence of the snares and temptations of the world. 

" His diligence in his own particular line, was exemplary 
and unusual. The exertions of the most industrious man in 
trade, could not exceed his in promoting the cause of Grod, the 
practice of Christian morality, and in discountenancing and 
suppressing vice. In all the actions of common life, in his 
most familiar and common conversations, he intermingled a 
savour and tincture of the spirit of his Lord and Master which 
governed him. He had a happy skill in teaching those around 
him spiritual lessons from the incidents of daily occurrence, and 
the objects which were before their eyes. His mind was 
fertile and prompt in improving these occasions, and, like his 
Lord, instructing his bearers and friends, from the birds of the 
air and the flowers of the field. 

"He painted sin and its deserved consequences in such 
strong colours, from the pulpit, as to make even the profane 
and profligate tremble. He was not content with inveighing 
against sin in general terms, but he descended to particulars ; 
and if any thing notoriously wrong was done in the course of 
the week, and known in the parish, the offender might expect 



62 llaicorth: 

to hear of it the next Lord's day, if he went to church. For 
as he rebuked sin with all authority, so likewise without 
partiality or respect of persons. The fear of the Lord raised 
him above the fear of man ; so that he was not only faithful 
in his public preaching, when he could speak withoiit interrup- 
tion, but he was equally zealous and bold in expostulating 
with the guilty, wherever he met them. Thus, when once a 
man, who had been often guilty of adultery, came into a shop 
where Mr. Grimshaw was, he charged him with his crime upon 
the spot, and said to those who were present, ' The devil has 
' been very busy in this neighbourhood ; I can touch the man 
' with my stick, who lay with another man's wife last night : 
' the end of these things will be death, the ruin of body and 
' soul for ever.' 

" He was particularly watchful over those of his flock 
who made an open profession of religion, to see if they adorned 
the doctrine of God our Saviour, in all things, and maintained 
a consistent character ; and he was very severe in his censures, 
if he found any of his communicants guilty of wrong practices. 
Being told of a tradesman, who they said was hard and honest, 
he said, I suppose you mean to say, hard!;/ honest ; for he 
would not allow that a professor of religion, whose honesty 
was only concerned to keep free from the penalty of human 
laws, could be really an honest man. When he suspected 
hypocrisy, he sometimes took such methods to detect it, as 
perhaps few men but himself would have thought of. He had 
a suspicion of the sincerity of some persons, who made great 
pretences to religion, and being informed of their several dis- 
positions, he applied to one, as a poor man, and begged for a 
night's lodging ; and this person, who had been willing to 
pass for very charitable,.treated him with some abuse. He then 
went to another house, to a woman who was almost blind ; he 
touched her gently with his stick, and persisted to do so, till 
she, supposing it to be from some children in the; neighbour- 
hood, began not only to threaten them, but to swear at them. 
Thus he was confirmed in his apprehensions, but he had no 



Past and Present. fi3 

good opinion of the religion of those, who were not, at least, 
gentle to the poor, or of those who did not bridle their tongues. 

" He was parsimonious of his time, and prudent in his 
arrangements. And as he had good health, a strong body, 
and a vigorous mind, though some of the places he visited 
were at a considerable distance, the severest weather caused no 
alteration in his plan. He was sure to be where, and at the 
time, he was expected. And he was so beloved, and so useful, 
that people were seldom prevented from coming ten or twelve 
miles, when they heard he was to preach. He seldom staid 
longer in a place than to deliver his message ; and that he 
might not be burdensome to the house that received him, and 
to avoid loss of time, he frequently took some refreshment in 
his hand, and posted away to further services. He was often 
entertained by the poor, for a cottage, if they who feared the 
Lord dwelt in it, was as welcome to him as a palace. He has 
often when travelling over moors aud mountains, feasted upon 
a bit of bread, or bread and butter, if the house afforded 
butter, and an onion. The plainest fare that was set before 
him, he accepted with thankfulness, both to the Lord and to 
his poor friends. He was with justice compared to an instru- 
ment which is never out of tune. He cared not for himself, 
so that he might do the will of his Lord, and be instrumental 
to the conversion of sinners, and the comfort and edification 
of believers. Whether abroad or at home, with the rich or 
poor, he was always the same man. 

' ' Night aud day were the same to him when he was desired to 
visit the sick. He has been known to walk several miles in 
the night, in storms of snow, when few people would venture 
out of their doors, to visit a sick person. He found his 
reward in his work, and would rejoice in such opportunities 
of speaking a word for bis Lord to a dying creature. 

" There arc at Haworth two feasts annually. It had 
been customary with the innkeepers, and some other inhabi- 
tants, to make a subscription for horse races at the latter 
feast. These were of the lowest kind, attended by the lowest 



64 Haicorth : 

of the people. They exhibited a scene of the grossest, and 
most vulgar riot, profligacy, and confusion. Mr. Grimshaw 
had frequently attempted, but in vain, to put a stop to this 
mischievous custom. His remonstrances against it were little 
regarded; and perhaps any other man would have been ill 
treated, if he had dared to oppose, with earnestness, an estab- 
lished practice, so agreeable to the depraved taste of the 
thoughtless multitude. But his character was so revered, 
that they heard his expostulations with some degree of 
patience, though they were determined to persist in their old 
course. Unable to prevail with men, he addressed himself to 
God, and for some time before the races began, he made it a 
subject of fervent prayer, that the Lord would be pleased to 
stop these evil proceedings in His own way. When the race 
time came, the people assembled as usual, but they were soon 
dispersed. Before the race could begin, dark clouds covered 
the sky, which poured forth such excessive rains, that the 
people could not remain upon the ground ; it continued to 
rain incessantly during the three clays appointed for the races. 
This event, though it took place nearly forty years since, is 
still remembered and spoken of at Haworth, with the same 
certainty as if it had happened but a few months past. It is 
a sort of proverbial saying among them, that old Grimshaw 
put a stop to the races by his prayers. And it proved an 
effectual stop. There have been no races in the neighbourhood 
of Haworth from that time to the present day. 

" Humility will show itself in small things. Mr. Grim- 
shaw was an economist, that he might be the more able to 
impart to the needy ; yet he was a lover of hospitalitj', and he 
had occasionally many visitants in the summer season. The 
house was sometimes full : it was his frequent practice to 
lodge as many of his guests as he could, to give up his own 
bed, and then he would retire to sleep in the hay-loft, without 
giving his friends the least intimation of his purpose. 

" A friend of mine who often lodged with him, surprised 
him early one morning, and was not a little surprised himself 



Past and Present. 65 

to find Mr. Grimshaw cleaning the boots of his guest, whom 
he supposed was still asleep. 

" One mark or effect of true humility is, simplicity. 
The humble man has no occasion for the address, subtlety, and 
caution, which are necessary to promote or conceal the pur- 
poses of self and pride. He does not wish to pass for more 
than he is, he affects no disguise, nor is afraid of detection. 
There is therefore an air of openness, and undesigning sim- 
plicity observable in his own conduct. It was very observable 
in Mr. Grimshaw. His words and his actions were natural, 
prompt, and easy, because they flowed from an upright and 
honest heart. Many instances of this might be adduced ; I 
shall confine myself to two, which are strongly characteristic 
of his spirit. 

" The late Mr. Whitfield, in a sermon he preached at 
Haworth, having spoken severely of those professors of the 
Gospel, who by their loose and evil conduct caused the ways 
of truth to be evil spoken of, intimated his hope, that it was 
not necessary to enlarge much upon that topic to the congre- 
gation before him, who had so long enjoyed the benefit of an 
able and faithful preacher, and he was willing to believe that 
their profiting appeared to all men. This roused Mr. Grim- 
shaw's spirit, and notwithstanding his great regard for the 
preacher, he stood up and interrupted him, saying with a loud 
voice, ' Oh sir, for God's sake do not speak so, I pray you do 
not flatter them ; I fear the greater part of them are going to 
hell with their eyes open." 

" He was in company with a late nobleman, who un- 
happily employed his talents in the service of infidelity ; he 
had some-time before been engaged in a long dispute with two 
eminent clergymen, in which, as is usual in such cases, the 
victory was claimed by both sides. Meeting afterwards with 
Mr. Grimshaw, he wished to draw him likewise into a dispute, 
but he declined it nearly in these words ; ' My lord, if you 
' needed information, I would gladly do my utmost to assist 
' you ; but the fault is not in your bead, but in your heart, 



66 Hatcorth : 

' which can only he reached by a Divine Power ; I shall pray 
' for you, but I cannot dispute with you.' His lordship, far 
from being offended, treated him with particular respect, and 
declared afterwards, that he was more pleased, and more 
struck by the freedom, firmness, and simplicity of his answer, 
than by any thing he had heard on our side of the question. 

" I will only subjoin on this head, an extract of a letter 
now before me, from a judicious and respectable dissenting 
minister, who still lives in the neighbourhood of Haworth. 
4 1 have often heard Mr. Grinishaw with great astonishment, 
' and I hope with profit. In prayer before his sermon, he 
' excelled most men I have ever heard. His soul was carried 
' oat in that exercise, with such earnestness, affection, and 
' fervour, as indicated most intimate communion with God. 
' His love and compassion for the souls of poor sinners, and 
' his concern for their salvation, were manifested in the 
' strongest manner in all his proceedings. Yet though his 
' talents were greit, his labours abundant, and his success 
' wonderful, he had the meanest and most degrading thoughts 
' of himself, and of all that he did. Humility was a shining 
'feature in his character.' 

" His disinterestedness was very exemplary. He sought 
neither patronage nor preferment. He was not rigorous in 
exacting his dues, but was contented with what his parishioners 
brought him ; he would say to them, ' I will not deserve your 
' curses when I am dead for what I have received for my poor 
' labours among you. I want no more of you than-your souls 
' for my God, and a bare maintenance for myself.' 

" When his clerk was disabled by age and infirmities 
from going round the parish to collect his salary, Mr. Grim- 
shaw undertook the business and did it for him. He could 
cheerfully submit to any service, and thought nothing too low or 
mean to engage in, if thereby he could benefit either the souls 
or the bodies of his people. 

" The care of rebuilding and enlarging the church at 
Haworth was entirely committed to him ; the parish expressly 



/W and I 1 resent. 67 

stipulating, that there should be no tax or rate for the service, 
and that he should expect nothing from the inhabitants but 
from their voluntary contribution. He cheerfully undertook 
the affair, and by his exertions and influence, it was completed. 

" Ho was a hearty friend of the established church, 
though his extra-parochial labours exposed him to the charge 
of irregularity. Besides proving and enforcing the doctrines 
lie preached by the holy scriptures, he very frequently ap- 
pealed for their confirmation to the articles, liturgy, and 
homilies of the church. Though he was no bigot, though his 
arms and his house were open to persons of all denominations, 
who hold the head, he expressed and shewed a decided prefer- 
ence for the church of which he was a member and a minister. 

"He was likewise firmly attached to the constitution, 
laws, and government of his country. He feared God, and he 
honoured the king. I am informed that soon after he camo 
to Haworth, I suppose about the time of the rebellion, he 
encouraged the recruiting service, by countenancing the 
officers, and exhorting proper persons to enlist and fight for 
their God, their king, and their country. 

" I number it amongst the many great mercies of my life, 
that I was favoured with his notice, edified (I hope) by his 
instruction and example, and encouraged and directed by his 
advice, at the critical time when my own mind was much 
engaged with a desire of entering the ministry. I saw in him, 
much more clearly than I could have learnt from hooks or lec- 
tures, what it was to be a faithful and exemplary minister of 
the gospel, and the remembrance of him has often both 
humbled and animated me. And I hope, while I live, to be 
thankful to the Lord, that he has reserved and inclined me to 
raise this monument, imperfect as it is, to his memory. I 
hope the detached particulars which I have collected and 
arranged, as well as I am able, will suffice to give the reader 
a just, though not an adequate idea, of this truly great and 
wonderful man. 

"In the spring of 17C3, Haworth was afflicted by a 



68 Han-orth : 

putrid fever, of which many persons died ; Mr. Grimshaw had 
a strong presage upon his rniiid, that some one of his owu 
family would be added to the number, and he repeatedly 
exhorted them all to be ready, as he knew not which of them 
it might he. As to himself, it was not for a man of his views 
and spirit, to decline the calls of duty and affection, from an 
apprehension of danger. The fever was highly infectious, 
and in visiting his sick parishioners, he caught the infection. 
From the first attack of the fever, he expected and welcomed 
the approach of death. He knew whom he believed, and felt 
his supports in the trying hour. ' While death pointed his 
'javelin* to his heart, he beheld the face of this king of 
' terrors, as it were the face of an angel. He said, Never had 
'I such a visit from God since I knew him.' We have but 
brief accounts of him during his illness ; for knowing that his 
fever was infectious, he was rather unwilling that his friends 
should visit him. But to one of them who saw him, and asked 
him how he did, he answered, ' as happy as I can be on earth, 
' and as sure of glory as if I was in it.' He is reported like- 
Avise to have said to his housekeeper, ' Mary, I have 
' suffered last night, what the blessed martyrs did : my flesh 
' has been, as it were, roasting before a hot fire. But I have 
' nothing to do but step out of my bed into heaven, I have my 
' foot upon the threshold already.' 

"I know not how long he was confined, but he was 
released from sickness, sorrow, and sin, and was admitted 
into the unclouded presence of the Lord whom he loved and 
trusted, and whose service had been long his delight, on the 
7th of April, 1763, in the 55th year of his age ; and in the 
21st from his settlement at Haworth. 

" He was twice married, and survived his second wife ; 
by the former he had a daughter who died when young, and a 
son who survived him about two years ; he was married, but 
had no child, f 

"* Venn's Sermon. 

" t The widow of Mr. Grinishaw's son is now the wife of tbe Rev. 
John Cross, Vicar of Bradford. 



Past and Present. 69 

"The Sermon preached at his funeral*, by his dear and 
intimate friend, the late Henry Venn (who was then vicar of 
Huddersfield) was published, and contains ^.the most early and 
authentic account of him, that has appeared in print. From 
this publication I shall select the concluding paragraph. 
Having mentioned his zeal and unremitting labours, he adds, 
' In this manner Mr. Grimshaw employed all his powers and 
' talents, even to his last illness. And his labours were not in 
' vain in the Lord. He saw an effectual change take place in 
'many of his flock; a sense of evil and good, and a restraint 
1 from the commission of sin, brought upon the parish in 
' general. He saw the name of Jesus exalted, rtnd many souls 
' happy in the knowledge of him, and walking as becomes the 
' gospel of Christ. Happy he was himself, in being kept by 
' the power of God, so unblamable in his conversation, that no 
' one could prove that he in any instance, laid heavy burdens 
' upon others which he refused to bear himself. Happy in 
' being beloved for several of the last years of his life, by every 
' one in his parish ; who whether they would be persuaded by 
' him to forsake the evil of their ways or not, had no doubt 
' that Mr. Grimshaw was their cordial friend, and, in every 
' labour of love, their servant to command. Hence at his de- 
' parture a general concern was 'visible through his parish. 
' Hence his body was interred with what is more ennobling 
' than all the pomp of solemn dirges, or of a royal funeral; for 
' he was followed to the grave by a great multitude who beheld 
' his coffin with afl'ectionate sighs, and many tears ; who 
' cannot still hear his much loved name, without weeping for tho 
' guide of their souls, to whom each of them was dear as chil- 
' dren to a father.' " 

In the words of Mr. Newton, TRULY MR. GRIMSHAW WAS 
A GREAT AND WONDERFUL MAN. Besides the regular services 
of Mr. Grimshaw, and the occasional visits of Mr. Newton, 

"* Mr. Venn preached his Funeral Sermon at Luclilemlen, in the 
parish of Halifax, where he was buried; the next day (being Sunday) 
at Ha worth." 



70 Haworth: 

Mr. Romaiue, Mr. Ingham and Mr. Venn (muscular Christians 
of that great revival period), the two Weslcys and Whitfield 
frequently preached at Ha worth, in the church they could 
not, because it would not hold the congregation, but standing 
on a scaffold in the churchyard. Mr. Grimshaw was once 
called in question by the Archbishop, who came to hold a con- 
firmation, and desired him to preach from a text he gave him, 
that he might judge if his doctrines were irregular. Mr. 
Grimshaw gave His Grace a prayer and a sermon such as he 
preached to his moorland congregations. When it was over 
the Archbishop thanked him, and wished there were more like 
him. Once, when he was visiting a church to preach, a 
churchwarden gently signified that the congregation did not 
like long sermons, and that Mr. Wesley never exceeded an 
hour. " Mr. Wesley, God bless him! can do as much in one 
hour as I can in two." In a book printed at Halifax, in 1810, 
called " The Methodist Manual," by the Rev. Jonathan Crow- 
ther, a native of Halifax parish, there are some interesting 
traits of character and specimens of Mr. Grimshaw's manner 
of speaking. Instead of saying " A Ram caught in a thicket," 
he would say " A Tup that had fastened his head in a thorn or 
briar bush." Complaining that his hearers would not " say 
grace before meals," he said " You are worse than the very 
swine, for the pigs will grunt over their meal, but you will say 
nothing." He concluded " Lord dismiss us with thy bles- 
sing. Take all these people under Thy care, bring them in 
safety to their own homes, and give them their suppers when 
they have got home, but let them not eat a morsel until they 
have said grace ; then let them eat and be satisfied, and return 
thanks to Thee when they have done. Let them kneel down 
and say their prayers before they go to bed : in their clothing 
for once at any rate, and then Thou wilt preserve them till 
morning." Speaking from Psalm xlviii, 14, he told the people 
that " they who have this God for theirs shall never want a 
pound of butter for eit/htj/ence, or three pints of blue milk for 
a ha'penny as long as they live." When he met travellers 



Past and Present. 71 

" he would rive them olf their horses to make them pray." 

The justly celebrated Essayist John Foster, of whom 
Yorkshiremen may be proud, tells the following anecdote 
respecting Mr. Clrimshaw. " The master of a house where 
such a practice (religious services) had been begun, complained 
to him that his pious exercise had been disturbed, and the 
persons coming to join in it insulted, by a number of rude, 
profane fellows, placing themselves in a long entry from the 
street to the" part of the house where the meeting was held. 
Grimshaw requested that in case of the repetition of this 
nuisance, information might be quietly sent to him. It was 
repeated, and the information was sent, on which he put on 
his great coat, and went in the dark (it was winter) to the 
house. He added himself, without being recognised, to the 
outer end of the row of blackguards, and affected to make as 
much rude bustle as the best of them. But being a man of 
athletic sinew, he managed to impel them by degrees further 
and further up the passage, and close to the door of the room, 
which was thrown open in the tumult, when, with one desper- 
ate effort of strength and violence, he forced the whole gang 
into the room and into the light. He instantly shut the door, 
took from under his great coat a horse-whip, dealt round its 
utmost virtue on the astonished clowns till his vigorous arm 
was tired, then fell on his knees in the midst of them, uttering 
in a loud imperative tone, 'Let us pray,' and he prayed with 
such a dreadful emphasis that all in the place were appalled. 
The wretches were dismissed, and there was no more disturb- 
ance given to the prayer meetings."' 

The liev. Charles Wesley wrote two hymns upon his 
death; and many other hymns and elegies were written to ex- 
press the great sorrow there was at his loss. Some of these' 
were printed on rough broad sheets like ballads, and sold 
about the country. His memory is had in honour still. 

Mr. Venn published, in 17G8, " Christ the Joy of the 
Christian's Life, and Death his (iaiu: on Phil, i, 21. A 
Funeral Sermon on the Death of the Rev. W. Grimshaw, A.B., 



72 Haworth : 

Minister of the Parish of Haworth ; with a Sketch of his Life 
and Ministry." 

The Rev. Mr. Romaine preached his funeral sermon in 
London, and both he and Mr. Venn fixed upon Mr. Grim- 
shaw' s favourite text " To me to live is Christ, and to die is 
gain." Mr. Romaine says, "He was the most laborious and 
indefatigable minister I ever knew. For the good of souls, he 
rejected all hopes of affluent fortune; and for the love of 
Christ cheerfully underwent difficulties, dangers and tribula- 
tion. When friends pressed him to spare himself, he replied, 
' Let me labour now. I shall have rest by-and-by.' He caught 
the malignant fever of which he died by visiting the poor. 
His last words were, ' Here goes an unprofitable servant.' " 

His remains, at his own desire, were taken from Sowdens, 
in Haworth, to Ewood, and thence to Luddenden Chapel, 
attended by great numbers who sang, at his dying request, all 
the way from Ewood to the Chapel. He was buried, as was 
customary, in a coffin of ' eller ' wood. At that time trans- 
mission of bodies, long distances, was by horse litter, and an 
unusually long and mournful spectacle presented itself as Mr. 
Grimshaw's remains were carried over the mountain to the 
Vale of Calder. A plain stone, near the communion table, 
indicates his grave. 

Mr. Grimshaw was admirably suited for the sphere in 
which he moved. Placed in a mountainous region, among 
people remarkably rough and uncivilized, he adapted his habits 
of life and his mode of address to them. Like a Boanerges, 
he thundered against them the awful threatenings of the law. 
On week days he made a preaching excursion, and Ewood, 
near Hebden Bridge, where his son resided, was frequently the 
scene of his labours. He used to say "I love Christians, 
true Christians of all parties ; I do love them, I will love them, 
and none shall make me do otherwise." Mr. Berridge, 
writing to Lady Huntingdon, in 1767, sets up " faithful Grim- 
shaw " as a model " episcopos." 

The Rev. John Grimshaw, who entered as curate of Cros- 




REV? P. BRONTE. 



Past and Present. 73 

stone, 1734, Luddenden in 1748, and Illingworth in 1749, 
married, at Lightcliffe Chapel, Feb. 25th, 1740, Mary Cock- 
roft, of Wadsworth. The Rev. William Grimshaw's second 
wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Cockcroft, gent., of 
Hebden Bridge. The widow of the Rev. Wm. Grimshaw's 
son married secondly, a Mr. Lockwood. 

The font at Haworth bears the inscription : " W. Grim- 
shaw, A.B., Minister, A.D. 1742." 

A stone slab within the church states that the " Church 
was rebuilt and enlarged in 1755 : W. Grimshaw, A.B. ; T. 
Greenwood, Br. house, T. Horsfall, Ha. yreen, R. Heaton, 
Ponden, G. Taylor, Stanbury, M. Piglielh,' Hole, T. Pighills, 
Stanbury, J. Murgatroyd, Ro. house, J. Horsfall, Manuels, 
J. Roberts, Lo. town, M. Heaton, Birks, Trustees. Jon. 
Whitehcad, dark. To us to live be Christ, To die our gain. 
Ph. i, 21." 

The text just named is known throughout the district as 
" Grimshaw's Text," being his favourite one. Mr. Grim- 
shaw's Pulpit Bible was formerly shown to visitors. 

Two large pewter flagons are still kept in the vestry. 
One has the inscription : 

"In Jesus we live, in Jesus we rest, 
And thankful receive His dying bequest, 
The Cup of Salvation His mercy bestows, 
And all from His passion our Happiness flows. 

A.D. 1750." 
The other reads : 

"Blest Jesus, what delicious Fare! 
How sweet thine entertainments are ! 
Never did Angels taste above, 
Redeeming grace or dying love. 
A.D. 1750." 

The sounding board over the three-decker pulpit has 
been removed since Mr. Bronte's death. It bore such an in- 
scription as Mr. Grimshaw was likely to select: "I DETER- 
MINED NOT TO KNOW ANYTHING AMONG YOU SAVE JfiSUS CHKIST 

AND HIM CRUCIFIED. W. G." 



74 Haworth : 

Mr. Grimshaw obtained a brief in 1754, and raised 
thereby the necessary fund for enlarging and repairing the 
Chapel. The gallery was not added till 1779. It ranged 
round three sides, the pulpit occupying the centre of the south 
side. The eastern gallery was removed a few years ago. The 
staircase to the galleries is at the north-west corner. 

1768. JOHN RICHAKDSON, M.A., was inducted as suc- 
cessor to Mr. Grimshaw. Mr. James supposed he was a 
native of Crossby, in Westmoreland. He is spoken of as a 
good disciplinarian, who kept, like his predecessor, the unruly 
folk of Haworth in great awe. The appearance of his shovel 
hat was, like Mr. Grinishaw's whip, sufficient to clear a public 
house, or quell a disturbance. He resided at Cook House, in 
Haworth. His death is recorded in the Register as follows : 
" The Rev. John Richardson, M.A., late Minister of Haworth 
Church, who died of a decline 23rd April, 1791, aged fifty-six 
years; interred the 3rd May, at Crossby Church, in West- 
moreland." His nephew, the Rev. Joseph Richardson, was 
popular at Haworth, and great dissatisfaction was manifested 
that he did not succeed to the curacy. 

Mr. Newton says " Though Haworth was deprived of 
Mr. Grimshaw, it was not deprived of the Gospel. The minis- 
ters who have succeeded him in the living, have all preached 
the same truths, have all maintained an honourable character." 
The two successors referred to were " the late Rev. John 
Richardson, and the present Incumbent, the Rev. James Char- 
nock ; to the latter gentleman's kind inquiries I am indebted 
for the principal and most authentic memoirs of Mr. Grini- 
shaw's life. The congregation at Haworth Church is still as 
large as formerly." This was written in 1798. 

The spirit of independence, or justice, manifested itself 
on the death of Mr. Grimshaw. I copy the following entries 
from the Presentation Book at York. "A caveat was entered 
April 12th, 1763, on the death of W. Grimshaw until John 
Greenwood and Robert Hcaton be first called." "A caveat 
was entered April 13th, 1703, by the Rev. J. Sykes." The 



I 'ant and Present. 75 

meaning of these caveats is that the parties claimed their 
" say " in the appointment of a successor. On the 10th Sep- 
tember, 1703, the Kev. John Richardson, clerk, B.A., was 
presented to the curacy of Haworth, vacant by the death of 
Win. Grimshaw, clerk, on the nomination of the llev. J. Sykes, 
Vicar of Bradford. 

1791. JAMES CHARNOCK, M.A., succeeded in July. 

For some time before his presentation the people of 
1 1 ;i worth were again at variance with the parish officials at 
Bradford, owing to the sale of certain pews in Bradford Church, 
when Ponden Farm was purchased with the proceeds, to form 
an endowment for the organist's salary. This led to a law- 
suit against Haworth people, who, in 1785, refused to pay 
their proportion (certainly a heavy one one-fifth) of the 
Church rate in future, as they contended that the money should 
have been applied to rate purposes. In 1789, action was 
brought in the Ecclesiastical Court, York, to compel them, but 
the Court had no compulsory jurisdiction. A mandamus was 
obtained from the Court of King's Bench, commanding the 
wardens at Haworth to levy the rate as usual. The case was 
tried at York, in 1792, before Mr. Justice Buller, and 
Haworth lost the day. A motion for a new trial was unsuc- 
cessful. From that time the usual payment was annually 
made until 1810, when they again refused, and another 
mandamus was applied for, but without success, because the 
rate was retrospective. A rate was shortly laid prospectively, 
when another action was tried at York Lent Assizes, in 1812, 
and Haworth lost again. 

The Terrier, of 1817, records that the Minister of 
! Fa worth receives the rents, issues, and profits arising from 
live farms, situate at and near Stanbury. He has also a croft 
at Hawortb, of about one acre. He has full dues for all kinds 
of Ecclesiastical duties, all of which have been performed from 
time immemorial in Haworth. There are three bells in the 
steeple, and a clock; a very ancient silver cup for the commu- 
nion, a blue velveteen cover for the table, and carpet to coyer 



76 Haworth : 

the floor of the same. The occupiers of farms are charged 
with the repairs of the edifices, and churchyard fences. 

Mr. Charnock died May 25th, 1819, aged fifty-seven 
years, and is buried within the communion rails, where there 
is an inscription to his memory. 

At the funeral of Mr. Charnock above eighty people were 
bid to the arvill, and the cost of the feast averaged 4s. 6d. per 
head, all of which was defrayed by the friends of the deceased. 
These arvills, or funeral meals, are of ancient standing in 
Yorkshire, but have now almost vanished, In some villages 
still, however poor the relatives, all who attend the funeral are 
expected to attend the " meat," or " sweet," tea (which of the 
two can best be afforded); and generally a funeral card is 
given instead of gloves. At the entrance to the house each 
one takes a biscuit and a glass of wine, before the funeral proces- 
sion starts off. As formerly, the sexton announces the breakfast 
or tea at some school or public-house, before the people 
disperse from the grave-yard. But, happily, the feasting and 
drinking of former days has nearly died out. 

On the decease of Mr. Charnock, the Rev. Mr. Heap, 
Vicar of Bradford, offered the living of Haworth to the Rev. 
Patrick Bronte, but the trustees of the Church Estate refused 
to receive him as the nominee of the Vicar, whereupon Mr. 
Bronte declared that he would not come without the consent of 
the parish, upon which the Vicar presented the REV. SAMUEL 
REDHEAD to the curacy. He was, however, compelled to 
resign the appointment, owing to the unruly proceedings of 
the inhabitants. Eventuallj', a compromise was effected, by 
the Vicar conceding the choice of the curate to the trustees, 
and the acceptance by them of Mr. Bronte, who had won their 
good will by his conduct in the affair. 

I find that many of our chapels-of-ease had formerly the 
right of choosing the curate, subject to the approbation of the 
vicar. Lightcliffe and Coley are instances to the point, and 
these, like Haworth, by neglect seem to have forfeited their 
rights. But in the case of Haworth the endowments are so 



Past and Present. 77 

vested in the Trustees that they may pine any curate who 
does iiot prove acceptable, if the vicar persists in forcing his 
nominee. 

Mr. Bronte says " My predecessor took the living with 
the consent of the Vicar of Bradford, but in opposition to the 
trustees ; in consequence of which he was so opposed that, 
after only three weeks' possession, he was compelled to resign." 

During Mr. Charnock's long illness, Mr. Redhead had 
given him occasional help, and was greatly esteemed by the 
people of Haworth. The following notice of Mr. Redhead's 
short curacy is from the pen of Mrs. Gaskell, and is substan- 
tially correct. I have met with old people in Haworth who 
were present at one or other of the scenes, and the grandson 
of Mr. Redhead's clerk vouches for the story from the oft- 
narrated experience of the clerk who accompanied him. 

" The first Sunday he officiated, Haworth Church was 
filled even to the aisles ; most of the people wearing the 
wooden clogs of the district. But while Mr. Redhead was 
reading the second lesson, the whole congregation, as by one 
impulse, began to leave the church, making all the noise they 
could with clattering and clumping of clogs, till, at length, Mr. 
Redhead and the clerk were the only two left to continue the 
service. This was bad enough, but the next Sunday the pro- 
ceedings were far worse. Then, as before, the Church was 
well filled, but the aisles were left clear; not a creature, not an 
obstacle was in the way. The reason for this was made 
evident about the same time in the reading of the service as 
the disturbances had begun the previous week. A [half- 
witted] man rode into the church upon an ass, with his face 
turned towards the tail, and as many old hats piled on his head 
as he could possibly carry. He began urging his beast round 
the aisles, and the screams, and cries, and laughter of the con- 
gregation entirely drowned all sound of Mr. Redhead's voice, 
and, I believe, he was obliged to desist. Hitherto they had 
not proceeded to anything like personal violence ; but cu the 
third Sunday they must have been greatly irritated at seeing 



78 Haworth : 

Mr. Redhead, detenniniued to brave their will, ride up the 
village street, accompanied by several gentlemen from Brad- 
ford. They put up their horses at the Black Bull, and went 
into Church. On this the people followed, with a chimney 
sweeper, whom they had employed to clean the chimneys of 
some out-buildings that very morning, and afterward plied with 
drink till he was in a state of solemn intoxication. They 
placed him right before the reading de^k, where his blackened 
face nodded a drunken, stupid assent to all that Mr. Redhead 
said. At last, either prompted by some mischief-maker, or 
from some tipsy impulse, he clambered up the pulpit stairs, 
and attempted to embrace Mr. Redhead. Then the profane 
fun grew fast and furious. Some of the more riotous pushed 
the soot-covered chimney-sweeper against Mr. Redhead, as he 
tried to escape. They threw both him aud his tormentor 
down on the ground in the churchyard where the soot-bag had 
been emptied, and though, at last, Mr. Redhead escaped into 
the Black Bull, the doors of which were immediately barred, 
the people raged without, threatening to stone him and his 
friends. One of my informants is an old man, who was the 
landlord of the inn at the time, arid he stands to it that such 
was the temper of the irritated mob, tbat Mr. Redhead was in 
real danger of his life. This man, however, planned an escape 
for his unpopular inmates. Giving directions to his hunted 
guests to steal out at the back door (through which, probably, 
many a ne'er-do-well has escaped from good Mr. Grimshaw's 
whip), the landlord and some of the stable boys rode the horses 
belonging to the party from Bradford backwards and forwards 
before his front door, among the fiercely expectant crowd." 
They then rode after the visitors, who had crept behind the 
street. 

This was Mr. Redhead's last appearance at Haworth for 
many years. Long afterwards he came to preach, and in his 
sermon to a large and attentive congregation, he good- 
humouredly reminded them of the circumstances. They gave 
him a hearty welcome, for they owed him no grudge. 



Past ami Present. 79 

A gentleman writes: "I accompanied Mr. Heap on his 
first visit to Haworth after his accession to the vicarage of 
Bradford. It was on Easter day, 1816 or 1817. His prede- 
cessor, the venerable John Crosse, known as the 'blind vicar,' 
had been inattentive to the vicarial claims. A searching 
investigation had to be made and enforced, and as it proceeded 
stout and sturdy utterances were not lacking on the part of 
the parishioners.'' Besides paying their fifth towards Brad- 
ford Church, ten miles away, " they had to maintain their own 
edifice, &c. They resisted, therefore, with energy, that which 
they deemed to be oppression and injustice. By scores would 
they wend their way from the hills to attend a vestry meeting 
at Bradford, and in such service failed not to show less of the 
anariter in modo than the fortiter in re." 

Mr. Redhead became Vicar of Calverley in 1823, and 
died August 26th, 1845, being succeeded by his son-in-law, 
the Rev. A. Brown, M.A. A Memoir, with portrait, of Mr. 
Redhead was published in 1846. 

THE REV. PATRICK BRONTE, B.A., succeeded, after the 
repulse previously mentioned, to the curacy of Haworth, in 
1819, and removed his family from Thornton, in Bradford- 
dale, in February, 1820. 

Mr. Bronte was born at Ahaderg, near Loughbrickland, 
County Down, Ireland, on St. Patrick's day, March 17th, 
1777. His father, Hugh Bronte, was a small farmer, and 
could give little education to his ten children, owing to reduced 
circumstances. The Bronte family were remarkable for great 
physical strength, and much personal beauty. At the age of 
sixteen, Patrick opened a school, which he continued for five 
years, when he became tutor in the family of the Rev. Mr. 
Tighe, at Drumgooland. In 1802, July, he entered St. John's 
College, Cambridge, and in four years gained the B.A. degree. 
While at Cambridge, he joined a company of volunteers 
intended to repel the threatened invasion by Napoleon, and 
among his comrades were Lord Palmerston and the late Duke of 
Devonshire. The last time the Duke visited his seat at 



80 Hau-orth : 

Bolton Abbey, he called ou Mr. Bronte, at Haworth, and a few 
days afterwards sent some hampers of game, and other 
delicacies, to show that he had not forgotten his old comrade 
in arms. 

It has sometimes been severely commented upon that 
Mr. Bronte broke off all connections with his family in Ireland, 
but I believe this statement is not correct, as he sent an 
annuity of 20 to his mother as long as she lived. 

After holding a curacy in Essex a short period, he ob- 
tained, July, 1810, the curacy of Hartshead, near Brighouse, 
worth 200 a year, and while there married, in 1812, Maria 
Branwell, daughter of Mr. Thomas Bran well, of Penzance, 
merchant, a noted local Methodist. Mr. Bronte a hand- 
some, enthusiastic Irishman, became acquainted with his wife 
while staying with her uncle, the Rev. John Fennell, a clergy- 
man living near Leeds. 

Mr. Feunell was previously a Wesleyan, and connected 
with Woodhouse Grove School. He was the son of Thomas 
and Mary Fennell, of Madelev, and was born June 19th, 1702. 
He married, in 1790, Jane, daughter of Richard and Margaret 
Branwell, who was born at Pcnzauce, Nov. l()th, 1753. She 
died at Crosstone Parsonage, near Todmorden, in May, 1829. 
They had one daughter, Jane Branwell Fenuell, born at Pen- 
zance, October 9th, 1791, who married (Dec., 1812,) the Rev. 
Wm. Morgan. Mrs. Morgan died in 1827. Mr. Fennell 
married secondly (at Halifax, 1830), Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Lister, merchant, Leeds, niece of Rev. Thomas Howorth, 
of Idel. Their children were: Mary Elizabeth, 1831, mar- 
ried Rev. W. G. Mayne, of Ingrow; Hannah Julia, 1834, 
married Dr. Edward Ilott, of Bromley; Chas. John, a doctor 
R. Navy; Ellen Jane, 1838, married Mr. Salmon, barrister; 
Thomas Edward, 1840, of the G. E. Railway. 

Miss Branwell " was exceedingly small in person, not 
pretty, but very elegant, and always dressed with a quiet, sim- 
plicity of taste." The marriage took place, I believe, at 
Guiscley Church. She possessed considerable literary taste, 



Past and Present. 81 

and brought her husband an annuity of 50 a year. 




THORNTON CHAPEL. 

After remaining five years at Hartshoad, where his two 
children Maria and Elizabeth were born, he obtained the 
living of Thornton, in Bradford-dale ; the Rev. Wm. Morgan, 
of Christ's Church, Bradford, who had married Mrs. Bronte's 
cousin, probably having some influence in the matter. An 
amusing incident respecting Mr. Bronte was told to Mr. 
Abraham Holroyd, by Mrs. Akeroyd, of Thornton. " A 
rumour reached her ears one day that one of the Dissenters 
had seen Mr. Bronte shaving himself on a Sunday morning, 
through the chamber window, which fronted the main street. 



82 Haworth: 

Here was a pretty state of things, and my informant herself 
thought this very wrong, so oft' she went to her minister's 
house, and begged a private interview. When Mr. Bronte 
had heard all, he said, ' I should like you to keep what I say in 
your family, but I never shaved myself in all my life, or was 
ever shaved by anyone else. I have so little beard that a 
little clipping every three months is all that is necessary.' ' 
The house in which Mr. Brontr lived at Thornton is near the 




THORNTON PARSON AGE, 



Past and Present. 83 

centre of the village. A butcher's shop has hoen erected, one 
story high, in front of the lower sitting room. On the 21st 
of April, 181G, Charlotte was born at this house. " Fast on 
her heels followed Patrick Branwell. Emily Jane, and Anne. 
After the birth of this last daughter, Mrs. Bronte -'s health 
began to decline." Having only one servant, Mr. Bronti'- 
applied to Mrs. Richardby, at the School of Industry, Brad- 
ford, for a young girl as nurse, and he obtained the services of 
Nancy Garrs, and after a time another sister named Sarah, 
who remained with the family for many years, and always 
testified of Mr. Bronte that " he was one of the kindest men 
that ever drew breath." There was nothing too good for his 
family and servants. These were the two servants stigmatized 
by Mrs. Gaskell as "wasteful," but were amply vindicated by 
Mr. Bronte in 1857, when he uttered the just sentence, 
"Mrs. Gaskell has made ns appear as bad as she could." 

, Mr. Bronte had published four small volumes before he 
left Thornton. 

Cottat/e Poems, by the Rev. Patrick Bronte, B.A., 
Minister of Hartshead-cum-Clifton, Yorkshire. Printed for 
the Author, at Halifax, by P. K. Holden, 1811, and contains 
an Epistle to the Rev. J. B. ; The Happy Cottagers ; The 
Rainbow; Winter Night Meditations; Verses to a Lady on 
her Birthday ; The Irish Cabin ; To the Rev. J. Gilpin ; The 
Cottage Maid ; The Spider and the Fly ; Epistle to a Young 
Clergyman ; Epistle to the Labouring Poor ; The Cottager's 
Hymn. 136 pages. 

The Rural Ministry: A Miscellany of Descriptive 
Poems. Printed for the author by P. K. Holden, Halifax, 
1818. Contents The Sabbath Bells; Kirkstall Abbey; 
Extempore Verses; Lines to a Lady on her Birthday; An 
Elegy; Reflections by Moonlight; Winter; Rural Happiness; 
The Distress and Relief; The Christian's Farewell; The 
Harper of Erin. 

The Maid of Killarney: or Albion and Flora, a tale in 
which ;ire interwoven cursory remarks on Religion and Politics. 



84 Haworth: 

Printed by T. Inkersley, Bradford, 1818. 166 pages. 

The Cottaye in the Wood : or the Art of becoming rich 
and happy; a tale, with poem. Inkersley, Bradford, 1818. 

Mr. Bronte was in many respects no ordinary man. His 
compositions have some characteristics in common with those of 
his children, and at times display deep observation and vigor- 
ous power of expression. The interest, however, which 
attaches to his name arises mainly from his extraordinary 
talented children. 

On the 25th of February, 1820, the Brontes removed to 
Haworth. For a fortnight they had stayed with the Misses 
Firth, of Kipping, until the packing was completed. Their 
quiet exit in the carts which conveyed the delicate wife and six 
young children, and their household goods, was witnessed by 
many with sincere regret. Soon after their arrival Mrs. Bronte 
had an internal cancer, but she continued the same patient, 
cheerful person ; very ill, suffering great pain, but seldom if 
ever complaining; devotedly fond of her husband, who warmly 
repaid her affection, and suffered no one else to take the night- 
nursing. She died September 15th, 1821, " and the lives of 
those quiet children must have become quieter and lonelier 
still." Miss Branwell, an elder sister of Mrs. Bronte, came 
from Cornwall to be housekeeper about a year afterwards. 
This responsible post she filled in a satisfactory manner for 
nearly twenty years. Her small fortune she shared between 
the three sisters, but left the name of Branwell out of her will. 
He had been her favourite ; she had generously shared in the 
expense occasioned by his lessons at Leeds in oil painting, but 
his reckless expenditure and dissolute habits had distressed 
the good old lady. 

Maria Bronte, the eldest child, died in May, 1825, aged 
eleven; and the month following, Elizabeth, her sister, aged 
ten, was laid in the same grave, near the communion rails, at 
Haworth. Maria was " a grave, thoughtful and quiet girl. 
She was delicate and small in appearance, which seemed to 
give greater effect to her wonderful precocity of intellect. 



Past and Present. 85 

She-must have been her mother's companion and helpmate." 
The illness of their mother, and the studies of the father, 
necessitated that the children should be very quiet. When 
between seven and eight Maria would read the newspaper, and 
be able to report "debates in Parliament." "She was as 
good as a mother to her sisters and brother. But there never 
were such good children. I used to think them spiritless, they 
were so different to any children I have ever seen. They were 
good little creatures. Emily was the prettiest." Such was 
the testimony of an old servant. Mr. Bronte taught his chil- 
dren their lessons when young. Besides his attention to their 
minds, he wished to make. them hardy, and indifferent to the 
pleasures of eating and dress. He was a great walker, and 
loved to stroll over the lone heights, where he occasionally saw 
the eagles seize their prey. " He fearlessly took whatever 
side in local or national politics appeared to him right." On 
account of his opposition to the Luddites, he became unpopu- 
lar (for a time) among the millworkers about Hartshead, and 
then, as was necessary, began to carry a loaded pistol about 
with him, a practice he continued through life. He had his 
meals alone, and seemed either to hate company, or to love 
solitude, or both. Afterwards he offended the mill-owners 
because he took the part of the workpeople in a " strike." 
Though seemingly misanthropic, he was extremely kind in his 
personal contact with his people. They attributed his reserve 
to a desire to mind his own business, and let other people do 
the same. He had little company; indeed, only church- 
wardens, and such as came on business, with an occasional 
friendly visit from some neighbouring clergyman. The girls 
had no companions with whom to associate, and hence their 
attachment to each other became the stronger. Charlotte, 
like Maria, was a precocious girl. The Duke of Wellington 
was her hero. In July, 1824, Maria and Elizabeth entered 
Cowan Bridge School the Lowood mentioned in " Jane 
Eyre," but not to be taken as strict matter-of-fact. In Sep- 
tember of the same year, Mr. Bronte took his next two 



80 llan-orth : 

daughters, Charlotte and Emily, to be admitted. Poor Maria, 
the Helen Burns of " Jane Eyre," was dreadfully home sick, 
and no wonder, considering the merciless tyranny of the Mi*s 
Scatcherd of the story. Her cough hacked her more and more, 
but the malicious spite of the teacher added considerably to 
her unhappiness. Low fever broke out in the school. Maria 
was taken ill, and Mr. Bronte was sent for. She was taken 
home, and died a few days afterwards. Elizabeth was soon 
after sent home, and as rapidly was cut down. Charlotte and 
Emily had another term at Cowan Bridge, but returned home 
in the autumn of 1825, on account of indisposition. Old 
Tabby, so frequently mentioned in Mrs. Gaskell's book, became 
servant about this time, and she afforded a new field to the 
observant Charlotte. Tabby had a will of her own, and kept 
the " bairns " within bounds. They were greatly attached to 
her. She had lots of old tales to tell them, and dearly loved to 
recount the gossip of the village. As they sat around the 
ingle on wintry nights, telling tales of their own invention, or 
listening to Tabby's stories of the fairies, they heard the old 
clock strike seven with deep regret, for the rule must not be 
broken, and they must retire. At fifteen years of age Char- 
lotte had done a large amount of writing, in a hand so small 
that it would require a magnifying glass to enable one to read 
it with anything like ease. 

I have seen one of the mimic magazines in Charlotte's 
handwriting. It is about two inches long and one broad, and 
(as may be expected) is highly prized by its possessor, the 
Martha Brown whose name frequently appears in connection 
with our notice of Miss Bronte. 

In January, 1881, Charlotte had the happiness to become 
associated with a kindly teacher, Miss Wooler, and gentle 
schoolmates, at a pleasant house named Roe Head, near 
Hartshead. Her progress here was great. She was very 
near sighted, and seldom joined in play with her schoolmates. 
Here she became acquainted with Miss Ellen Xussey (the 
Caroline Helstone of Shirley), whose friendship lasted for life. 



Past and Present. 87 

She and Miss Wooler sign, as witnesses, the marriage certifi- 
cate of Miss Bronte. In 1832 she left Roe Head, having 
made considerable progress in the French language, as well as 
mastered English. On the return home the sisters often 
walked to Keighley to obtain from a library such works as Sir 
Walter Scott's. Anne and Charlotte are described as " shy," 
but Emily as "reserved." In 1835 Charlotte became a 
teacher at Roe Head, and Branwell (who had become too well 
known at the riotings at the Black Bull) was to go to London 
to become a famous artist, and Emily went (a*s a pupil with 
Charlotte) to school. But Emily soon pined for Haworth 
quietness, and she returned, not to leave it again except twice; 
once, for six months, to be a teacher at Halifax, and for ten 
months, a student at Brussels. 

Miss Anne, gentle Annie, was also a pupil at Miss 
Wooler's school, then removed to Dewsbury Moor. 

Branwell's visit to London was relinquished. The hopes 
of the father and sisters had been centred on him, but, alas ! 
they met with grievous disappointment. Whenever a travel- 
ler stayed at the Black Bull, he was sent for as a " brilliant " 
companion; and his nervous system was already shaken. In 
1840 all the Brontes were at home, except Miss Anne. 
Their great hope and aim now was to keep a school, but this 
desire never came to a firm decision, as the aunt was averse to 
it. The few moments that were not frittered away by Bram- 
well, he employed in writing verse for the Leeds Mercury, 

The following letter, written in 1840 by Miss Bronte, is 
taken from Mrs. Gaskell's "Life." 

"Little Haworth has been all in a bustle about church- 
rates, since you were here. We had a stirring meeting in the 
schoolroom. Papa took the chair, and Mr. C. and Mr. W. 
acted as his supporters, one on each side. There was 
violent opposition, which set Mr. C.'s Irish blood in 
a ferment, and if papa had not kept him quiet, partly 
by persuasion and partly by compulsion, he would 
have given the Dissenters 'their kale through the reek' a 



88 Haworth: 

Scotch proverb. He and Mr. W. both bottled up their wrath 
for that time, but it was only to explode with redoubled force 
at a future period. We had two sermons on Dissent and its 
consequences, preached last Sunday one in the afternoon by 
Mr. W., and one in the evening by Mr. C. All the Dissenters 
were invited to come and hear, and they actually shut up their 
chapels, and came in a body; of course the Church was 
crowded. Mr. W. delivered a noble, eloquent, High-Church 
Apostolical-Suc<iession discourse, in which he banged the Dis- 
senters most fearlessly and unflinchingly. I thought they had 
got enough for one while, but it was nothing to the dose that 
was thrust down their throats in the evening. A keener, 
cleverer, bolder, and more heart- stirring harangue than that 
which Mr. C. delivered from Haworth pulpit, last Sunday 
evening, I never heard. He did not rant ; he did not cant ; 
he did not whine; he did not sniggle; he just got up and 
spoke with the boldness of a man who was impressed with the 
truth of what he was saying. His sermon lasted an hour, yet 
I was sorry when it was done. I do not say that I agree 
either with him, or with Mr. W., either in all or in half their 
opinions. I consider them bigoted, intolerant, and wholly un- 
justifiable on the ground of common sense. My conscience 
will not let me be either a Puseyite or a Hookist ; mais, [but] 
if I were a Dissenter, I would have taken the first opportunity 
of kicking, or of horse-whipping both the gentlemen for their 
stern, bitter attack on my religion and its teachers. Mr. W. 
has given another lecture at the Keighley Mechanics' Insti- 
tute, and papa has also given a lecture; both are spoken of 
very highly in the newspapers, and it is mentioned as a matter 
of wonder that such displa} r s of intellect should emanate from 
the village of Haworth, ' situated among the bogs and moun- 
tains, and, until very lately, supposed to be in a state of semi- 
barbarism.' Such are the words of the newspaper." 

It seems that Methodists and Baptists had refused to pay 
the Church rates. 

Soon after this, Branwell obtained a situation as a clerk 




CHARLOTTE BRONTE 



Past and Present. 89 

on the Leeds and Manchester Railway. 

Mr. Bronte, early, in 1842, took hia two daughters, Char- 
lotte and Emily, to M. Heger's School, at Brusiels. Miaa 
Bronte remarks in a letter, " I was twenty- six years old a week 
or two since; and at this ripe time of life I am a school-girl." 
They returned home on the death of Miss Branwell, but Miss 
Bronte re-visited Brussels as a teacher of English, and 
received German lessons in return. This was in January, 

1843. In December, though sinking with oppression, a dis- 
taste for her surroundings, and home sickness, she wrote to 
Emily: "Tell me whether papa really wants me very much 
to come home, and whether you do likewise. I have an idea 
that I should be of no use there a sort of aged person upon 
the parish. I pray, with heart and soul, that all may continue 
well at Haworth; above all in our grey half- inhabited house. 
God bless the walls thereof ! Safety, health, happiness, and 
prosperity to you, papa, and Tabby. Amen." 

Pleading the increasing blindness of her father, she left 
M. Heger's establishment, and reached home January 2nd, 

1844. The experiences of "Jane Eyre," "Shirley," and 
" Villette " have been thus dearly bought. One seems to see 
the life-blood of the agonized authoress coursing every line. 

In the Summer of 1845 she deplored the condition of her 
father. " He has now the greatest difficulty in either reading 
or writing; and then he dreads the state of dependence to 
which blindness will inevitably reduce him. He fears that he 
will be nothing in his parish. Still he is never peevish; 
never impatient; only anxious and dejected." Added to this, 
her sympathies were estranged from his assistants. "At this 
blessed moment, we have no less than three of them [curates] 
in Haworth parish and there is not one to mend another. 
The other day, they all three, accompanied by Mr. S., dropped, 
or rather rushed, in unexpectedly to tea. It was Monday 
(baking day), and I was hot and tired; still, if they had be- 
haved quietly and decently, I would have served them out their 
tea in peace; but they began glorifying themselves, and 



90 Haworth : 

abusing Dissenters in such a manner, that my temper lost its 
balance, and I pronounced a few sentences sharply and rapidly, 
which struck them all dumb. Papa was greatly horrified also, 
but I don't regret it." 

Branwell, who had for some time been engaged as tutor 
at Green Hammerton, in the same family as Anne, was 
summarily dismissed about this time. The home was now 
miserable owing to his presence. When be could not obtain 
opium, or intoxicating liquors at home, he resorted to stratagem 
to supply his cravings. The sisters dreaded some act of 
suicide. He suffered from attacks of delirium tremens, and 
kept the family in agitation day and night. Mr. Bronte had 
great difficulty in managing him on these occasions. Branwell, 
when he came to his senses in the morning, would say : 
" The poor old man and I have had a terrible night of it; he 
does his best the poor old man! but it's all over with me." 
The sisters, as a means of consolation and abstraction, fell to 
their happy, child-like habits of composition. John Green- 
wood supplied them with stationery. He gave the following 
outline of his transactions with the sisters. "About 1848, I 
began to do a little in the stationery line. Nothing of that 
kind could be had nearer than Keighley before I began. They 
used to buy a great deal of writing paper, and I used to 
wonder whatever they did with so much. I sometimes thought 
they contributed to the magazines. When I was out of stock, 
I was always afraid of their coming ; they seemed so distressed 
about it, if I had none." 

In 1848 an influenza had prevailed amongst the villagers, 
and amongst those who suffered was Miss Anne Bronte. Mr. 
Bronte represented the unsanitary state at Haworth pretty 
forcibly to the local authority, and after the requisite visits 
from their officers, obtained a recommendation that all future 
interments in the churchyard should be forbidden, a new 
grave-yard opened on the hill-side, and means set on foot for 
obtaining a water-supply to each house, instead of the weary, 
hard- worked housewives having to cany every bucketful up 



Past and Present. 91 

the steep street. But he was baffled by the ratepayers. 

Miss Bronte, in August, 1848, notes that the oldest 
family in Haworth failed lately, and have quitted the neigh- 
bourhood where their fathers resided before them for, it is said, 
thirteen generations. 

The next nine months was a season of bitter trial at the 
parsonage. In September, Patrick Branwell succumbed, and 
was buried in the family vault at the Church; in December, 
Emily Jane's remains were laid in the same place; and in 
May, 1849, the gentle Anne was buried at Scarborough, 
whither Miss Bronte had taken her to try to recruit her health. 
We join our regret with that of hundreds more that she was not 
buried at Haworth. Miss Bronte and her friend Miss Nussey 
were the two mourners at Scarborough. 

About the close of 1849, the public were informed that 
Currer Bell was none other than Miss Bronte. A spirit dealer 
at Liverpool, who was a native of Haworth, jumped at the 
conclusion, and published it in a Liverpool paper. 

Miss Bronte shortly after this became personally ac- 
quainted with Miss Martineau, Mr. Thackeray, Lord Carlisle, 
Lord Houghton, Sir J. Shuttleworth, Mrs. Gaskell, and other 
noted writers. But at no place was the enthusiasm greater 
than at Haworth. The announcement of Miss Bronte's 
authorship was a day that I have heard people of Haworth 
speak of as one of public rejoicings. We will let Miss Bronte 

narrate how the news fell on her startled ears. " Mr. 

having finished ' Jane Eyre,' is now crying out for the other 

book. Mr. has finished ' Shirley,' he is delighted with 

it. John *s wife seriously thought him gone wrong in 

the head, as she heard him giving vent to roars of laughter 
as ho sat alone, clapping and stamping on the floor. He 
would read all the scenes about the curates aloud to papa. 
Martha came in yesterday, puffing and blowing, and much 
excited. ' I've heard sich news !' she began. ' What about?' 
' Please, ma'am, you've been and written two books the 
grandest books that ever was seen. My father has heard it at 



92 Haworth: 

Halifax, and Mr. G T and Mr. G and Mr. M 

at Bradford ; they are going to have a meeting at the Mechan- 
ics' Institute to settle about ordering them.' " 

Visitors hegan to pour into Haworth in 1850. Sir James 
Shuttleworth, Lord John Manners, Mr. Smythe (sou of Lord 
Strangford), Mr. Thackeray, the first Bishop of Ripon, and 
many others. 

About the close of 1852, Miss Bronte had an offer of 
marriage (the fourth offer, I believe), which she declined, and 
as a result the person, Mr. Nicholls, who had held the office of 




REV. A. B. NICHOLLS. 



assistant curate eight years, resigned his situation. A testi- 
monial of respect from the parishioners was presented to him 
at a public meeting. However, after his removal they became 
engaged, and it was arranged that as soon as the curate who 
succeeded him had met with another engagement, Mr. Nicholls 
should resume the curacy. After one or two awkward hitches, 
the marriage ceremony was performed by the Rev. Sutcliffe 
Sowden, of Hebden Bridge, at Haworth Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Nicholls made a tour in Ireland, and on 
their return a tea and supper to about five hundred were given 
in the schoolroom. 

Mr. Nicholls had the offer of a good Hying soon after- 
ward, but decided to remain at Haworth. In November, Mr. 



Present. 



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94 Haicorth: 

and Mrs. Nicholls took a long walk to see the waterfall at 
Ponden Kirk, and she caught cold. Again, early in 1855, 
her cold was increased hy lingering on the damp ground at 
Gawthorpe, the seat of Sir J. K. Shuttle worth. Early on 
Saturday morning, March 81st, the solemn tolling of Haworth 
Church bell sent a thrill of anguish through the hearts of the 
villagers Charlotte was no more. Old Tahby had died a few 
months previously. 

We have been led further and further into the story of 
this melancholy yet fascinating history, and one is tempted to 
recount the many unwritten reminiscences treasured up at 
Haworth, and especially in the memory of Martha Brown, an 
intelligent woman, who is still in the service of Mr. Nicholls, 
at Banagher, but we must now turn more directly to the subject. 

Notwithstanding some eccentricities, and severity of 
manner, Mr. Bronte's character was greatly respected in the 
neighbourhood, and he lived in concord with the numerous 
Radicals and Dissenters of the township, although a Tory and 
staunch Churchman himself. 

In 1846, he became blind from a cataract in the eyes, 
but, with that stoicism which ever distinguished his conduct, 
he continued to fulfil the duties of the pulpit, and shortly 
afterwards, having undergone an operation, he regained his 
sight. " He conscientiously discharged all the duties of a 
parish priest, by visiting and comforting the sick, superintend- 
ing and directing the National and Sunday Schools, and 
preaching at all times in sickness and in sorrow. Though 
firm in his own religious opinions, he was tolerant of those of 
others. Of true, but unostentatious piety, he despised that 
sanctimonious affectation which consists in show rather than 
reality." He died on the 7th day of June, 1861, aged 84. 

By the authority of the Secretary of State, Mr. Bronte 
was interred in the family vault. This authority was neces- 
sary, as an order had been obtained, on Mr. Bronte's solicita- 
tion, for closing the old burial ground. On the day of the 
funeral, Haworth was full of mourners. The shops were 



Past and Present. 95 

closed, and business entirely suspended. The Rev. A. B. 
Nicholls was the chief mourner. The Rev. Dr. Burnet, of 
Bradford, and the Rev. Dr. Cartman, of Skipton, preceded the 
coffin, which was borne from the parsonage to the church, and 
thence to the grave, by six clergymen of the district, the 
Incumbents of Cullingworth, Oakworth, Oxenhope, Morton, 
Ingrow, and Hebden Bridge. Martha Brown, the house- 
keeper, Mrs. Brown, and Mrs. Wainwright (Nancy Garrs), 
with many visitors, followed the remains to the grave. The 
day of mourning will long be remembered in Haworth. 

In 1824, as recorded on a stone in the church, gates and 
pillars were erected at the entrance to the yard. The names 
of the Trustees and Minister are inscribed. 

In 1832, the National School was built by subscription, 
and a grant from the National Society. Miss Bronte was a 
Sunday School Teacher here. 

Mr. Bronte had, as assistants, the Rev. Wm. Hodgson, 
to whom the Pastoral Aid Society granted an annuity of 50, 
from 1836; the Rev. W. Weightman, M.A., of the University 
of Durham, curate about two years, and the Rev. James 
Stuart Cranmer, D.D., 1847, who was also Master of the 
Grammar School. Mr. Weightman died September 6th, 1842, 
aged 27 years, and was interred in the north aisle, where a 
tablet was erected to his memory by the congregation, by 
whom he was greatly respected. Mr. Bronte delivered his 
funeral sermon from I. Cor., xv, 56-58, on the second of 
October. It was printed by Mr. J. U. Walker, Halifax. 

He also published "A Sermon preached in the Church 
of Haworth, on Sunday, the 12th September, 1824, in refer- 
ence to an Earthquake there, by the Rev. P. Bronte, Incum- 
bent." This was an octavo, price sixpence, printed by T. 
Inkersley, Bradford, 1824. Further particulars of this event 
will be found subsequently. [Crow Hill Bog.] 

The six bells now occupying the steeple were cast by 
Mears, of London, in 1845. A board in the belfry states 
that the " Peal of Bells was hung by William Wood; Joseph 



96 Haworth : 

Redman being Architect, and were opened and prizes given, 
March 10th, 1846." " April 6th, 1849, change ringing, 6040 
changes in 2 h. 55 m. Nov. 22nd, 1853, ditto in 3 h. 6 m." 

We will now briefly point out the features of interest 
within the building. The pews on the ground floor are of old 
black oak, square, and, for convenience of attending to a 
sermon, incommodious. Many of them bear the names of 
the owners of certain farms to which the pews are appropriated. 
The Bronte pew was removed about 1870, when considerable 
alterations were made in the Church. The Lord's pew, raised 
a few steps above the rest, and near the Bronte pew, was also 
removed. The Bronte vault was near the said pews, and at 
the south corner of the Communion rails. The large twelve- 
light Chandelier was removed, and also the Sounding Board, 
leaving the three-decker pulpit incomplete. The pillars 
(which pass up the centre of the Church) were chipped several 
inches thinner. The east gallery was taken down, and the 
organ removed to the north-east corner of the ground floor. 
There are only two aisles, north and south. The entrances to 
the Church are from the south-west and north-west, opposite 
each other. Beginning at the north-west door we have on the 
left hand the steps to the galleries at one corner, and the 
door way to the vestry, or lower part of the steeple, at the 
other ; on the right are the two aisles, the rest blocked by 
high pews. Passing down the north aisle we notice the 
font and benefaction boards in the corner; the tablets 
previously mentioned, recording improvements during Mr. 
Grirnshaw's and Mr. Bronte's incumbencies ; the tablet to Mr. 
Weightman'a memory ; and the small organ. The three east 
windows, particularly the small one in the middle, containing 
two paintings The Last Supper, and Christ blessing Chil- 
dren, are worthy of inspection. The Communion Table is 
really an unpolished, ancient oak chest, a curiosity indeed! 
A new Lectern, a flaring brazen eagle, the gift of Mr. M. 
Merrall, stands near the Bronte vault, possibly to scare anti- 
quaries and literati from that immediate spot. The neat 



Past and Present. 97 

mural tablet, erected within the Communion railing, in April, 
1858, in place of the previous ones, to the memory of the 
Brontes, is of white Carrara marble, on a ground of dove- 
coloured marble. The old tablets recorded : 

HERE 

LIE THE KEMAINS OF 
MARIA BRONTE, WIFE 

OF THE 

REV. P. BKONTE, A.B., MINISTER OF HA WORTH. 

HER SOUL 
DEPARTED TO THE SAVIOUR, SEPT. 15TH, 1821, 

IN THE 89 TH YEAR OF HER AGE. 

" Be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the 
Son of Man cometh." MATTHEW xxiv. 44. 

ALSO HERE LIE THE REMAINS OF 

MARIA BRONTE, DAUGHTER OF THE AFORESAID; 

SHE DIED ON THE 

GTH OF MAY, J.825, IN THE 12TH YEAR OF HER AGE; 

AND OF 

ELIZABETH BRONTE, HER SISTER, 
WHO DIED JUNE 15TH, 1825, IN THE HTH YEAR OF HER AGE. 

" Verily I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become 
as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of 
heaven." MATTHEW xviii. 3. 

HERE ALSO LIE THE REMAINS OF 

PATRICK BRAN WELL BRONTE, 

WHO DIED SEPT. 24TH, 1848, AGED 30 YEARS; 

AND OF 

EMILY JANE BRONTE, 
WHO DIED DEC. 19TH, 1848, AGED 29 YEARS, 

SON AND DAUGHTER OF THE 

REV. P. BRONTE, INCUMBENT. 

THIS STONE IS ALSO DEDICATED TO THE 

MEMORY OF ANNE BRONTE, 
YOUNGEST DAUGHTER OF THE REV. P. BRONTE, A.B. 



98 Haworth : 

SHE DIED, AGED 27* YEARS, MAY 28xH, 1849, 

AND WAS BUEIED AT THE OLD CHURCH, ScARBRO'. 

On another tablet (the first being too small) was inscribed : 

ADJOINING LIE THE REMAINS OF 

CHARLOTTE, WIFE 

OF THE 

REV. ARTHUR BELL NICHOLLS, A.B., 

AND DAUGHTER OF THE REV. P. BRONTE, A.B., INCUMBENT. 

SHE DIED MARCH 31sT, 1855, IN THE 39ra 

YEAR OF HER AGE. 

On the south side are tablets to the memory of the 
Midgleys, Lords of the Manor ; to Grace, daughter of H. 
Cockroft, Esq., Wadsworth, wife of Joseph Greenwood, Esq., 
Magistrate, Keighley, 1822; to Thomas Andrew, born 1790, 
Surgeon in Haworth 24 years, died April 29th, 1842 (erected 
by friends); and to George Oates Greenwood, Esq., of Nether 
Wood House. 

In the vestry is an old oak chair. One of Mr. Grimshaw's 
chairs is preserved at the Wesleyan minister's house as a 
heirloom. 

The old flagons and the Marriage Register of Miss Bronte 
are usually shown to visitors, who are asked to enter their 
names in the Visitors' Book. There are three of these nearly 
filled, and many interesting signatures will be noticed. Many 
Americans have visited the Church. The first rough visitors' 
book is missing. 

The benefaction boards, besides the gifts previously 
mentioned, state that Christopher Scott, gent., gave a hundred 
marks to the Church; John Scott, gent., augmented it with 
10 per annum for a Sunday Afternoon Sermon, and also gave 
18 per annum to the School; John Holmes, gent., of Cross, 
in Stanbury, gave GOO, the interest to support a school- 
master. " May success attend this institution for ever." 

The Church, until very lately, was said to be a handsome 
structure in the Perpendicular style. It will be noticed that 

*Error : she was 29, 



Past and Present. 99 

the turrets and battlements of the tower have been removed, 
a new piece added, and then again they were replaced. There 
is a saying that Haworth people mucked (manured) the church 
to make it grow. A Bradfordian asked a woman of Haworth 
if this was true, whereupon she retorted " I don't know, but 
I've heard of Bradford folk coming and scratting to see if it 
were true." 

The graveyard is nearly filled with tombstones and head- 
stones. The graves rise in terraces up to the parsonage. 
There are few inscriptions of peculiar interest. Reared 
against the south wall of the Church is a short headstone 
recording remarkable instances of longevity of the Murgat- 
royds, of Lee: Susan, wife of John, 1785, aged 86; John, 
1789, aged 88; James, their son, 1820, aged 95, Ann, his wife, 
1831, aged 85; Sarah, wife of John, 1846, aged 70, and 
John (son of James), 1862, aged 85. United ages 509. 
Another of the family, of equal longevity, has been interred 
since in the new portion. 

A flat stone near the back window of the Black Bull Inn 

has the inscription: J. S. 1796. He is said to have been 

hung for stealing. Near the last stone is one to the memory 

of five women who were not worth naming, I suppose. 

Here lie the 

Bodies of the 5 

Wives of William 

Sunderland. Also 

William Sunderland 

1790. 

The Beavers, of Butteryate Sike, lived to a great age. 
Thomas died 1727, aged 76; Paul, his son, 1767, aged 83; 
Jonas his ion 1788, aged 82; Paul, brother of Jonas, 1786, 
aged 77. 

The Feathers are a family of long standing at Old Oxen- 
hope. Robert Feather, died 1828, aged 88, ' having been a 
faithful servant in the family of the late William Greenwood, 
Esq., of Moorhouse, nearly 50 years.' 



100 Han-ortJi : 

A headstone to the memory of Dawson, a musician, is a 
capital piece of sculpturing by Hargreaves. The portico at 
Dr. Ingham's mansion is by the same sculptor. 

Near the wall in front of the parsonage is a stone record- 
ing the death of Mr. Bronte's faithful servant, Tabby. 
" Tabitha Aykroyd, of Haworth, who died Feb. 17th, 1855, 
in the 85th year of her age." The footpath from the parson- 
age formerly passed close by this grave. 

In the higher portion of the ground, a stone records the 
interment of sixteen infants of one family, the Leemings. 

Hardaker, the local poet, was buried at the Roman 
Catholic Chapel, Keighley, I am told. 

The oldest stone I have seen has the initials and date : 
I. H. 1642. There are many stones to the Greenwoods, 
Redmans, Horsfalls, Rushfirths, Fosters, Tillotsons, Feathers, 
Judsons, Sunderlands, Pighells, &c. 

Latin has not been in much demand. There is a Hie 
jacet Hollins. 

The good glebe house of Mr. Bronte's time has had a 
wing added. 

" Mr. Nicholls would fain have had the living of Haworth, 
for which he had served so faithful an apprenticeship, and the 
people would fain have had him to minister over them; it was, 
indeed, promised to him by Dr. Burnet, the vicar of Bradford, 
but local influences were brought to bear upon the reverend 
patron, and the people got [a] Mr. Wade, from Bradford, 
instead. Mr. Nicholls, after this second disappointment, 
returned to Banagher, King's County, where he has since 
married, and has resigned the clerical order for that of a gen- 
tleman farmer." 

THE REV. JOHN WADE, who has held the living since Mr. 
Bronte's death, is a native of Bradford. 

The Ripon Calendar, for 1879, gives Haworth, Rec- 
tory, New Parish, value 170, Population 8,454, Accommo- 
dation 715. Rev. John Wade, 1861. 



Past and Present. 



101 




HAWOBTH PARSONAOE 1879. 

METHODISM. 

The Rev. Benjamin Ingham, one of the Oxford Metho- 
dists, who associated with the Wesleys and the Moravians, 
was about the first Yorkshire Methodist. In 17B8 he hud 
many societies under his charge in the West Riding, Haworth 
appearing amongst the numher. He obtained, as an assistant, 
John Toeltschig, a noted Moravian, from Germany. Many 
notices of Mr. Ingham, Mr. Grimshaw, and Mr. Venn will be 
found in the Life and Times of the Countess of Hunt iiu/dan, 
2 vols. Chapter xv, vol. I., records the Rise of Methodism in 
Yorkshire, the Settlement of the Moravians at Lightcliffe, Mr. 
Ingham's marriage with Lady Margaret Hastings, Mr. Gnm- 
shaw's defence against the dastardly attacks of the Yicar of 



102 Haworth : 

Colne, &c. The next two chapters bear particularly on York- 
shire, wherein Mr. Grimshaw figures prominently, and Haworth 
had such visitors as the Countess of Huntingdon, the Rev. 
George Whitefield, the Wesley s, Rev. Henry Venn, Rev. John 
Newton, and other worthies. 

The diary of Mr. Williams, of Kidderminster, contains 
particulars of Mr. Grimshaw's early Methodism. In a letter, 
dated March, 1747, he gives " The most material passages of 
what I learned from Mr. Grimshaw, touching his life, &c." 
Then a biographical sketch to that date is famished. Mr. 
Grimshaw had two local assistants, Jonathan Maskew, a 
native of Bingley, who formed, for many years, part of Mr. 
Grimshaw's family, as servant, companion, and evangelist; 
and Paul Greenwood, who was born at Ponden, in Haworth. 
An incident is told respecting young Paul. About 1740, after 
reading a sermon by Sir. Seagrave, he went into the barn to 
pray, where he continued an unusual length of time. His 
father, under some unpleasant apprehensions, went to see 
what had become of him, and found him engaged in earnest 
prayer. After standing a few moments, he himself was power- 
fully affected kneeled upon the ground and began also to 
raise the voice of supplication. It was not long before the 
mother went in search of both, who stood in like manner for 
a short time bowed the knee and prayed earnestly for 
mercy. Soon afterwards they were joined by a brother, and 
then by a sister, who were no less in earnest for salvation, 
and they all obtained peace with God before they left the 
place. Further notices of Maskew and Greenwood will be 
found in Myles' Life of Grimshaw, Atmore's Methodist Memo- 
rial, Methodist Magazine, 1798, p. 510, Everett's Methodism 
in Manchester, and Spence Hardy's Life of Grimshaw. Mr. 
Paul Greenwood travelled for twenty years, and died in 1767, 
at Warrington, on the same day that his mother died. Jona- 
than Maskew, better known as Mr. Grimshaw's Man, was 
another of the first members of the Methodist Society in 
Haworth. At Guiseley he was attacked by a rude and ignor- 



Past and Present. 108 

ant rabble. They stripped him naked, rolled him in the dirt, 
and nearly deprived him of his life, yet Mr. Wesley used to 
say that "Ten such preachers would carry the world before 
them." He settled at Deanhead, near Rochdale, where he 
died August 3rd, 1793, aged 81. 

Thomas Lee, born near Keighley, in 1717, was one of 
Mr. Grimshaw's converts, and began to preach about 1747. 
Thomas Mitchell, a native of Bingley, was another. He was 
a soldier in 1745, but attended Mr. Grimshaw's ministry from 
1746. In 1751 he became a travelling preacher. His life 
was published in 1781. James Riley, of Bradshaw, regularly 
attended Haworth Church, and was accompanied by some of 
his neighbours. For miles round, every Sunday, little groups 
and solitary persons were to be seen wending their way over 
the various moors to Haworth, and thus Mr. Grimshaw was 
the means of establishing and strengthening numerous congre- 
gations. Baptist and Independent, as well as Methodist 
societies, trace their origin to Mr. Grimshaw's labours. The 
following are amongst the number : Mr. Crossley, of Booth, 
and Mr. Titus Knight, of Halifax ; Mr. Smith, of Wainsgate, 
Mr. John Parker, of Barnoldswick, Mr. Hartley, of Haworth, 
Mr. Dan Taylor, of Wadsworth, Dr. Fawcett, of Bradford. 

Jonathan Catlow, of Scar Top, in Oxenhope, united with 
the Methodists, and became a local preacher at sixteen years 
of age. He expressed a desire to his mother that he might 
become a preacher, and she accompanied him to a house at 
Sough, on the edge of the Moor, in Keighley parish. The 
mother, who was the better reader of the two, gave out the 
hymns, and Jonathan had a few old women as auditors, who inti- 
mated that he had done very well ; and from that day he made 
great progress. He was a popular local preacher for twenty 
miles around Haworth, and then began to travel. He died at 
Keighley of a malignant fever he had caught by attending the 
funeral of a person who had died of that disorder. He 
requested that a sermon might be preached at his funeral, 
from I. John, iii, 2, and the great Keighley revival commenced 



104 Haicorth : 

from that time. This was about the year 1763. 

The name of John Nelson, of Birstal, was held in great 
esteem, but he does not seem to have visited Haworth often. 
Indeed, he had a large field of labour in Birstal Circuit. 

The following lines introduce to us one more labourer : 

In Keighley, by Thine own right hand, 

A church ia planted there ; 
help them, Saviour ! all to stand 

Thy goodness to declare. 

HawortKs a place that God doth own, 

With many a sweet smile ; 
With power the gospel's preach'd therein, 

Which many a one doth feel. 

But while the strangers do receive 

The blessing from above, 
There's many near the church that starve 

For want of Jesu's love. 

At Bradford dale and Thornton Town, 

And Places all around : 
And at Lingbob sometimes at Noon, 

The Gospel trump we sound. 

These are four of the one hundred and four verses of 
doggerel known as William Darney's hymn, published in 
1751. Scotch Will (as he was generally called) began 
his evangelizing mission in this district about 1742, 
having the Rev. Benjamin Ingham and the Moravians 
in the same field of labour. The Rev. William Grim- 
shaw heard this powerfully-gifted Scotchman harangue 
an out-door assembly at Haworth, and was convinced 
of the truths he spoke, and fascinated by the man's earnest- 
ness and fearlessness. They united in conducting similar 
services in Haworth and the district, and little societies were 
formed in each village, and known as "Darney's Societies." 
These were regularly visited by Mr. Grimshaw, hence arose 
the expression, "Mad Grimshaw has turned Scotch Will's 
clerk." But Darney was a meteor flash: no district bound- 
aries could confine his efforts, and gradually Mr. Grimshaw 
had the responsibility of the societies, under the directorship 



Past and Present. 



105 



of the Rev. John Wesley. The circuit became thus known as 
" Grimshaw's Round.'' From 1749 to 1776 Haworth was 
the head ol a circuit, but in the latter year Keighley took the 
lead. 




EEV. W. ORIMRHAW. 



As Mr. Grimshaw's portrait arrived too late for the notice 
of him as incumbent, we gladly place it under Methodism, 
where it equally deserves to be. 

The Rev. John Wesley paid his first visit to Haworth, 
May 1st, 1747. " I read prayers and preached in Haworth 
Church to a numerous congregation." 

In 1748 he paid another visit to Haworth. On the 21st 
of August (Sunday) he preached at Leeds and Birstal ; on the 
22nd at Heaton and Halifax; on the 23rd, at 5 a.m., at 
Halifax, 1 p.m., at Baildon, and in the evening at Bradford, 
where none behaved indecently, but the curate of the parish ; 



106 Haworth : 

on the 24th "At eight I preached at Eccleshill, and about 
one at Keighley. At five Mr. Grimshaw read prayers and I 
preached at Haworth, to more than the Church could contain. 
We began the service in the morning (Thursday, 25th,) at five, 
and even then the Church was nearly filled. I rode with Mr. 
Grimshaw to Roughlee, where T. Colbeck of Keighley, was to 
meet us. We were stopped again and again, and begged ' not 
to go on; for a large mob from Colne was gone before us.' 
So we hastened on, that we might be there before them. All 
was quiet when we came. I was a little afraid for Mr. Grim- 
shaw, but needed not. He was ready to go to prison or 
death for Christ's sake." 

Mr. Wesley writes, " Wednesday, June 30th, 1753, 
I rode to Haworth, where Mr. Grimshaw read prayers, and I 
preached to a crowded congregation ; but, having preached ten 
or twelve times in three days, besides meeting the societies, 
my voice began to fail." 

In 1757, Mr. Wesley visited Haworth again, and alludes 
to a powerful earthquake felt from Bingley to Lancashire. In 
1761 he preached at Haworth to so vast a multitude that the 
Church would scarce contain a tithe of the people. Mr. Grim- 
shaw had a plan which he almost invariably adopted on these 
occasions. He caused a scaffold to be fixed on the outside of 
one of the Church windows, through which the preacher went 
after reading prayers. At extraordinary times the church was 
entirely filled with communicants. 

176G, August 3rd, Sunday, Mr. Wesley preached again 
at Haworth. " When the prayers were ended, I preached 
from a little scaffold, on the south side of the Church, on those 
words in the gospel, that thoii haikt known the thimjs that 
Muni/ unto thy peace! The communicants alone (a sight 
which has not been seen since Mr. Grimshaw' 8 death) filled the 
Church. In the afternoon the congregation was supposed to 
be the largest which had ever been there : but strength was 
given me in proportion, so that I believe; all could hear." 

"August 1, Monday, At one I preached at Bingley, but 



Past and Present. 107 

with an heavy heart, finding so many of the Methodists here, 
as well as at Haworth, perverted by the Anabaptists. I see 
clearer and clearer none will keep to us unless they keep to 
the Church. Whosoever separate from the Church will separ- 
ate from the Methodists." 

" 1772, Saturday, July 4, I rode to the Ewood, to S. 
Lockwood's, formerly the wife of young Mr. Grimshaw; after- 
ward married to Mr. Lockwood, and now again a young widow. 
Her sister was with her, the relict of Mr. Sutclifle. 
At one I preached at Heptonstall to some thousands of people. 
Hence we climbed up and down wonderful mountains to 
Keighley, where many from various parts were waiting for us. 
Sunday, 5, not half the congregation at Haworth could get into 
the Church in the morning, nor a third part in the afternoon : 
so I stood on a kind of pulpit, near the side of the Church. 
Such a congregation was never seen there before, and I believe all 
heard distinctly. Monday, 6, at noon I preached at Bingley." 

" 1780 April 23rd, Sunday Mi 1 . Kichardson being un- 
willing that I should preach any more in Haworth Church, pro- 
vidence opened another." [Bingley.] 

' " 1786, May 23rd, Sunday, I preached in Haworth 
Church in the morning, and Bingley Church in the afternoon." 

" 1788 May 27, Sunday, I preached at Haworth Church 
in the morning : crowded sufficiently." 

In April, 1790, Mr. Wesley was again at Haworth. 

Haworth was a place of great interest to the Rev. George 
Whitefield. In a letter, dated Sept. 29, 1749, he writes, 
" I preached four times at Abberford [Mr. Ingham's] four 
times at Leeds, and thrice at Haworth, where lives one Mr. 
Grimshaw.'' In a letter to Lady Huntingdon, October 1st, 
he observes, "At Mr. Grimshaw's I believe there were above 
six thousand hearers. The sacramental occasion was most 
awful." The number of communicants he computed at above 
a thousand. The sacrament days at Haworth were seasons of 
great festivity as well as solemnity. Persons resorted to 
Haworth at such times from twenty miles round. Ou one 



108 Hawortli : 

occasion all the wine in the village is said to have been insuf- 
ficient for the requirements of the service. Mr. Whitefield 
notes his meeting with William Davy (Darney, is meant,) at 
Haworth, "who has since been imprisoned for preaching." 
Mr. Whitefield addressed large assemblies at Haworth in 1750 
and 1752. He was at Bradford and the district in the 
autumns of 1755 and 1756; and almost annually till 1766. 

His talents were admirably adapted for these itinerant 
visits. His manner, his voice, his action, and above all, his 
solemnity and fervour, commanded and riveted the attention 
beyond anything that modern times have exhibited. He fre- 
quently preached in the churchyard at Haworth. On one 
occasion, while addressing the congregation, he expressed a 
hope that most of his audience were enlightened Christians. 
Mr. Grimshaw, who was standing near him, from a sudden 
impulse, interrupted, exclaiming " They are going to hell 
with their eyes open." 

The old Society Book at Haworth (now in the custody of 
the Keighley Superintendent) gives some interesting notices 
of early Methodism : 

Jan. 10, 1748, A pair of boots for W. Darney, 14s. 
Oct. 23, 1755, Jonathan Maskew's shirts and stockings, 

14s. lOd. 

Jonathan Maskew's hat, 5s. 
July 22, 1756, Two shirts for J. Maskew, 13s. 
Three cravats for do. 3s. 
To Pumps, 6s. 
To Stockings, 3s. 6d. 

Oct. 21, 1756, To Jonathan Maskew's coat 1 12s. 6d. 
To W. Parker for J. M.'s stocks, 4s. 9d. 
To J. M.'s coat making, 4s. 6d. 
To do. for Gamashs 7s. 6d. 
April, 1782, A pair of shoes for Mr. Wesley. 
Three letters written by Mr. Grimshaw, in 1747, to the 
Rev. John Wesley, are printed in Everett's Methodism in 
Manchester. The first is dated from Haworth, the other two 



Past and Present. 109 

from Ewood. In the first he refers to his visits to Todmor- 
den, Heptonstall, and Mrs. Holmes', Lightcliffe. The second 
is a particularly interesting epistle. "Two under my own 
roof are just now under true conviction; one a girl about 
eighteen years of age, and the other, a boy about fourteen; 
and I hope, my own little girl, between ten and eleven years old. 

" The method which I, the least and most unworthy of 
my Lord's ministers, take in my parish, is this ; I preach the 
gospel, glad tidings of salvation to penitent sinners, through 
faith in Christ's blood only, twice every Lord's day the year 
round, (save when I expound the Church Catechism, and 
thirty-nine Articles, or read the Homilies, which, in substance, 
I think it my duty to do in some part of the year annually on 
the Lord's day mornings). I have found this practice, I bless 
God, of inexpressible benefit to my congregation, which con- 
sists, especially in the summer season, of perhaps ten or 
twelve hundred; or, as some think, many more souls. We 
have also prayers, and a chapter expounded ever} 7 Lord's-day 
evening. I visit my parish in twelve several places monthly, 
convening six, eight, or ten families, in each place, allowing 
any people of the neighbouring parishes that please to attend 
that exhortation. This I call my monthly visitation. I am 
now entering into the fifth year of it, and wonderfully, dear 
Sir, has the Lord blessed it. The only thing more, are our 
funeral expositions or exhortations, and visiting our societies 
in one or other of the three last days of every month. Some- 
times I have made more excursions into neighbouring parishes, 
to exhort, but always with a Nicodemical fear, and to the great 
offence of the clergy. I am determined to add, by the divine 
assistance, to the care of my own parish, that of so frequent a 
visitation of Mr. Bonnet's, William Darney's, the Leeds and 
Birstal Societies, as iny own convenience will permit, and their 
circumstances may respectively seem to require. 0! I can 
never do enough. I can discover in every way a perfect 
agreement between your sentiments, principles, &c., of religion, 
and my own. My pulpit, I hope, shall be always at your's, 



110 Haworth: 

and your brother's service ; and my house, so long as I have 
one, your welcome home. The same I'll make it to all our 
fellow-labourers." 

The rough treatment at Roughlee, mentioned in Mr. 
Wesley's diary, calls for more notice. The instigator was the 
Rev. George White, M.A., Minister of Colne and Marsdeu, 
who published "A SERMON against the METHODISTS, preached 
to a very numerous audience; at Colne, July 24, and at 
Marsden, August 7, 1748. Published at the Request of the 
Audience. Preston. 8vo, 24 pages." He was author of 
The Englishman's Rational Proceedui</s in the Choice of 
Religion, 1741; The Miraculous Sheep's Eye: A Burlesque 
Poem, 1743; The Hiyh Mass: A Burlesque Poem, 1747; 
Theological Remarks on Dr. Middletons Discourse; translator 
of Thurlow's Letters into Latin ; and editor of Merc units 
Latinus, a newspaper, 31 numbers. He was educated at 
Doway for the Roman Catholic priesthood. Dr. Whitaker's 
Whalley states that he was shamefully inattentive to his parish 
duties. On one occasion he is said to have read the funeral 
service more than twenty times in a single night, over the dead 
bodies which had been interred in his absence. After one of 
his excursions, he made his appearance with a Madam Hellen 
Maria Piarza, an Italian governante, whom he married at 
Marsden, March 23rd, 1745. He was shortly afterwards im- 
prisoned for debt. It was the 25th of August, 1748, 
that Mr. Wesley and Mr. Grimshaw were molested by a mob 
he had gathered in response to the following Proclamation : 

" Notice is hereby given that if any men be mindful to 
' inlist into his Majesty's service, under the command of the 
' Rev. Mr. George White, Commander in Chief, and John Banis- 
' ter, Lieut. General of his Majesty's forces, for the defence of 
' the Church of England, and the support of the Manufactory 
' in and about Colne, both which are now in danger, &c. &c. 
' let them now repair to the drum-head at the Cross, where 
' each man shall have a pint of ale for advance, and other 
"proper encouragement." 



Past and Present. Ill 

Mr. Grimshaw published " An Answer to a Sermon, 
lately published against the Methodists by the Rev. Geo. 
White. Why boastest thou thyself in mischief, mighty 
man? &c. Psalm 52, 1-6. Semper ego Auditor tantum? 
Nunquanme reponam? JHV." The motto was nearly as 
prophetic as it was pungent; for he was not long in the "land 
of the living," after its publication. The Answer is appended 
to Myles' Life of Grimshaw, as a reprint. 

Mr. Grimshaw's zeal scarce knew any bounds, and his 
liberality towards Methodist Itinerant Preachers was limited 
only by his income. He received them into his own house, 
and, well knowing the little chance his parish would have of a 
successor who would feel a deep concern for the work he was 
carrying on, he erected a Methodist chapel at Haworth. The 
present building, I believe, is the third chapel. The stone 
bearing Mr. Grimshaw's favourite text is walled into the pre- 
sent edifice: "To us to live is Christ, To die is gain, A.D. 
1758." Another stone near it records: "The First Chapel 
was erected by the Rev. Wm. Grimshaw, A.B., Minister of 
Haworth Church, A.D. 1758." This seems to have been 
added to the second building, which stood much nearer to the 
road than the present chapel. Haworth Church has no tablet 
to the memory of Mr. Grimshaw, but he has left monuments 
which will perpetuate his zeal and religious philanthropy far 
better than any marble tablet. 

At the parsonage is preserved a beautiful old-oak chair, 
bearing on a brass plate the following inscription: "This 
chair was originally the property of the Rev. Wm. Grimshaw, 
B.A., Incumbent of Haworth, and was presented to the resi- 
dent Wesleyan Minister of the same place by Robert Townend, 
Esq., of Ebor House, Haworth, afterwards of Broughton, 
Manchester." 

It will thus be seen that Haworth Methodists have still a 
peculiar respect for the memory of Mr. Grimshaw. A native 
writes, respecting the stoppage of the annual races on account 
of the heavy rain in Mr. Grimshaw's day, " I believe that 



112 tiaii'orth: 

certain Christians, on fine summer Sundays, continue to 
assemble together on this identical moor, to celebrate the 
great and wondrous event, making its solitudes resound to 
their loud hosannas." 

Haworth continued the head of the Circuit until 1775, 
when Keighley took its place, but in recent years Haworth has 
been constituted a separate Circuit. Various houses in the 
township (as Sawood End,) were early licensed under the 
Toleration Act as preaching places. The chapel at Lower 
Town, Oxenhope, was built in 1805, and enlarged in 1824. 
The school was rebuilt in 1852. There are two burial 
grounds attached, and in the new one the celebrated vocalist 
Thomas Parker the Yorkshire Braham is interred. He 
died April 8th, 1866, aged 79. An account of him will appear 
subsequently. On the clock face is the portrait of the vener- 
able John Wesley, a very suggestive position, opposite the 
pulpit. The Wesley ans, besides a school at Sawood, have a 
school-chapel at Marsh, built by subscription, in 1836, and 
enlarged in 1874. There are two resident ministers in the 
township. In 1832 a Wesleyan chapel was erected at Stan- 
bury. A few travelling preachers (Rev. Jonathan Clough 
Ogden, and others,) have been sent out from Haworth in 
modern times. The Primitive Methodists reared a chapel at 
Mill Hey in 1836; rebuilt 1870. 

The following ministers laboured in Haworth original 
circuit : 

1750 William Grimshaw, Wm. Darney. 
1753 Jonathan Maskew, John Whitford, Enoch Williams, 
Joseph Jones, William Hheiit, John Edwards. 
1755 William Grimshaw, John Nelson, John Schofield. 
1758 James Oddie, Alexander Coates. 

1764 John Pawson, W. Fugill, Paul Greenwood, Daniel 

Buinstead. 

1765 Isaac Brown, John Atlay, Nicholas Manners, James 

Stephens, l{obt. Costerdiue. 

1766 J. Brown, J. Shaw, li. Costerdine, J. Atlay. 



Past and Present. 113 

1767 E. Costerdine, Joseph Guildford, J. Whittam, T. 

Cherry. 

1768 Thomas Mitchell, J. Guildford, W. Ellis, T. Newall. 

1769 T. Mitchell, G. Hudson, Thus. Wride, D. Evans. 

1770 B. Seed, G. Hudson, D. Evans. 

1771 Jeremiah Bobertshaw, Stephen Proctor, John Poole. 

1772 Thomas Johnson, John Poole, Thos. Tatton. 

1773 T. Johnson, E. Slater, B. Costerdine. 

1774 B. Costerdine, B. Seed, B. Swann. 

1775 Thos. Taylor, B. Swann, Samuel Bardsley. 

In 1766 the numbers in membership were Haworth 
circuit 1536, Birstal 1376, Leeds 1072, York 982, Sheffield 
583. This seems to be the total for Yorkshire. 

In 1767 Haworth circuit had 1366; 17681356; 1769 
1269, but Bradford appears with 732 and Birstal with 
859; 1770 Haworth had 1333; 17711241; 17721219; 
17731212; 1774 1213; 1775 1844; 1776, Keighley, 
1640. 

BAPTISTS. 

WEST LANE CHAPEL, HAWORTH. On a stone is the in- 
scription "This Chapel was erected by voluntary contribu- 
tions, and vested in Trustees for the use of the Baptist 
Interest, A.D. 1752, and enlarged in the year 1775 by the 
same means, under the auspices of the ever memorable, the 
late BEV. JAMES HARTLEY, who, through the divine blessing, 
raised an interest here, and preached the gospel in this place 
27 years." Some of the principal subscribers towards build- 
ing the original chapel were Messrs. Greenwood, Bridge 
House, J. Horsfall, of Manuels, and M. Heaton, of Birks; 
and for its enlargement, W. Greenwood, Oxenhope, G. Green- 
wood, Moorhouse, and J. Holmes, Staubury." 

It is not known how many members there were during 
Mr. Hartley's ministry, but from the fact that iu a quarter of 
a century a new building was required, the cause seems to 
have made considerable progress. At the close of the Church's 
Confession of Faith is the statement " Settled this 12th day 



114 Hau-orth: 

of June, ye year of our Lord 1752, in the presence of Mr. 
John Johnson, Pastor of ye Church at Liverpool, Mr. Henry 
Lord, Pastor of ye Church at Bacup, Mr. Richard Smith, 
Pastor of ye Church at Wainsgate." The list of members, 
which ought to follow, appears to have been torn out of the 
book. 

I have a pamphlet, 8vo, iv, 44 pages, doubly interesting: 
" The Head-Stone brought forth. 

BEING 

The SUBSTANCE 

OF 

TWO DISCOURSES 
Occasioned by the Death of 

MR. JOSEPH GREENWOOD, 

At Bridge-House, near Haworth, Yorkshire, 

Who died June 21, 1755. 

BY JAMES HARTLEY. 

LONDON : 

Printed for the AUTHOR, and Sold by G-EORGE KEITH, 
at the Bible-and-Crown, in Gracechurch-street. 1755." 

There is a preface ' to the Relatives of the Deceased, and 
the Flock under my Care.' He says "After repeated Re- 
quests, both from you and some others, to commit them to the 
Press, I have prevailed upon myself to comply, though with 
very much Reluctance ; being deeply conscious how unable I 
am, for anything worthy to see the Light. I am sensible, I 
have, in this Compliance, exposed my Weakness, which is not 
small. However, this gives me little Concern, if I have not, 
herein, exposed that good Cause, for which I desire faithfully 
to contend." 

The text chosen was Zech. iv. 7. After reaching a 
seventhly in the introduction, he considers the text under four 
heads. 



Past and Present. 115 

I. The Work of Saving the Elect is committed to the Saviour, 

our spiritual Zorobabel. 

II. Notwithstanding all Opposition, it shall be done. 
TTI. The Work is of Grace. 

IV. The Completion will afford abundance of Joy. 

The first heading has two divisions, having respectively 
six and eight sub-divisions. 

The second heading has nine divisions, the third has 
eight, and the fourth, three, followed by several numbered 
remarks, and a brief sketch of Mr. Greenwood's illness and 
death. When about sixteen, he was publicly bapti/ed, and 
was only in his nineteenth year when he died. 

John Fawcett, of Bradford (afterwards the celebrated 
Rev. Dr. Fawcett), for two years regularly attended Haworth 
Church under Mr. Grimshaw, on sacrament days. Having 
imbibed the doctrines of the Baptists, he began, about 1760, 
in his twentieth year, to walk from Bradford to Haworth to 
hear Mr. Hartley. "March 23rd, 17GO, Mr. Crabtree being 
indisposed, I went to Haworth to hear Mr. Hartley. In the 
morning he paraphrased, in a very profitable manner, on 
Rom. xii. 9-13. I endeavoured to take down some short 
hints, and also of the sermon in the afternoon, from Luke i, 
74, 75. 

" April 9th, 1700. In the evening and part of the fol- 
lowing day we were favoured with the company of Mr. Hartley. 
He lodged- at our house. I cannot but admire his abilities, 
and esteem his acquaintance a great privilege. 

July 16th, 1760. In the afternoon I met with Mr. 
Hartley, as he was going to Leeds. He left me a letter re- 
specting my desire to enter the ministry." 

Mr. Fawcett, in his MS. book " Outlines of Sermons," 
gives many by Mr. Hartley. For his talents and character he 
retained the most sincere respect. Mr. Griinshaw treated 
Mr. Hartley with great affection and respect, and frequently 
made him a partaker of his liberality. Mr. Hartley sometimes 
travelled as far as London to preach, where he was always 



116 Haworth: 

welcomed. Mr. Fawcett copied in cxteiiso Mr. Hartley's ser- 
mon at the ordination of Mr. Wood, at Halifax, in 1760. Mr. 
Fawcett says it is superior to anything of the kind lie ever 
met with. Mr. Hartley was the medium in pressing Mr. 
Fawcett to become pastor at Wainsgate. The latter enters in 
his diary " Wainsgate, May 10, 1764. Yesterday our goods 
were removed from Bradford to this place. A number of the 
brethren here came with horses, and having met us at Haworth, 
conveyed us forwards." Wainsgate Chapel, six or seven 
miles over the bleak moor from Haworth, originated with Mr. 
Richard Smith, its first pastor, a former hearer of Mr. Griin- 
shaw. It was built about 1750, and Mr. Hartley and Mr. 
Crabtree went into the ministry from this community. 

A Mr. Johnson, of Liverpool, having published animad- 
versions on Mr. Smith, of Wainsgate, Mr. Hartley replied in a 
pamphlet entitled " The Trial of Two Opinions Tried." At 
the ordination of Mr. Fawcett, Mr. Hartley asked the questions. 

Mr. Hartley preached the funeral sermon on the death of 
Mrs. Beatson, wife of Rev. John Beatson, of Hull, which was 
published. 

Mr. Fawcett makes special entry of the decease of his 
friend Mr. Wm. Greenwood, of Oxenhope, who died Sept. 
30, 1779. His death happened suddenly. A few elegiac 
verses on his death are subjoined to Mr. Fawcctt's "Death of 
Eumenio," descriptive of his amiable and charitable disposi- 
tion, and of the deep interest excited in the neighbourhood, by 
the death of one so much beleved as a husband, parent, and 
friend. He preached Mr. Greenwood's funeral sermon. 

The Reign of Death : a Poem, occasioned by the decease 
of the Rev. James Hartley, late of Haworth, by John Fawcett. 
With a Funeral Sermon, on the same Occasion, by William 
Crabtree. Leeds : Printed by G. Wright and Sou for the 
Authors. 1780. Price One Shilling. 8vo. pp. 102. 

The Poem is divided into Four Parts, and occupies 
86 pages. 



Past and Present. 117 

Part First The. Nature and Extent of Death'* Dominion. 

Amidst the gloomy darkness of the night, 

While the dim taper sheds her feeble light, 

Sweet solitude, I seek thy lov'd recess, 

To vent those griefs, which mortals can't redress.. 

Creation now in mourning weeds appears ; 

In pearly dews she sheds a thousand tears. 

Part Second Philander' n Death. 

Extensive usefulness will not secure 
The wasting life of man; or yet procure 
A prolongation of its feeble thread; 
Philander, * too, is number'd with the dead. 

Part Third Euphronius; or the Death of the Rev. JAMES HARTLEY, 
late of Haworth. 

Euphronius, partner of my joy and care, 
No more, thy gen'rous sympathy, I share, 
Thy ear is closed to ev'ry plaintive strain ; 
Thy friendly counsels, now, I ask in vain. 

* * * * 

'Twas ne'er his aim to mingle with the great ; 
He liv'd contented, in a low estate : 
Secure from noisy pride's ambitious strife, 
Which often poisons all the sweets of life. 

* * * 

Euphronius spent his life amongst the poor ; 
( 'ontentment was to him a constant store. 
The golden bait, he steadily defy'd, 
And in his native village liv'd and dy'd. 

* * * * 

Vast was his stretcli of thought, and large his soul ; 
His judgment kept the helm, and could controul 
His weaker passions, and the reins command, 
In almost ev'ry work, he took in hand. 

* * * * , 

No low, dishonest arts, Euphronius try'd, 
In terms obscure, his sentiments to hide. 
His heart was open, and his language clear, 
Suited to gain the inattentive ear. 



* Mr. Adam Holden, late of Halifax. 



118 Haicort-h: 

Wonder and joy alternate seiz'd the soul, 
While streams of gospel-eloquence did roll 
From his dear lips: and his majestic look, 
Prov'd, that he felt the force of what he spoke. 
It was a feast divine, with dainties stor'd ; 
The richest viands crown the gospel board. 

And while he spake, the thunders seem'd to roll ; 
Convictive terrors seiz'd the stupid soul. 
His just rebuke, the haughty sinner felt ; 
The haughty sinner trembled at his guilt; 
Before his view, his youthful follies rise ; 
His crimes, enormous, reaching to the skies. 

* * * * 

Calm was his temper, and his soul serene, 
With patience arm'd, amidst the trying scene : 
No murm'ring thoughts disturb his happy mind; 
Like the smooth sea, unruffl'd by the wind, 
Its billows sleep; it seems a mighty plain, 
And one majestic smile adorns the main. 

* * * * 

The gath'ring crowds around the corpse attend ; 
Each one laments the loss of such a friend ; 
The pensive widow heaves the deep'ned sigh, 
And briny tears descend from ev'ry eye. 

Part Fourth Death's Dominion destroyed. 

15ut see, the mighty Ruler of the day 

Advances, with a mild and gentle ray. 

I'll quit the solemn theme, suspend the lyre, 

Walk o'er the mead, the blooming scene admire ; 

Shake, from my bosom, each corroding care, 

And taste the sweetness of the balmy air. 

The rosy-finger' d morn bedecks the east ; 

For ev'ry sense prepares a plenteous feast ; 

And jocund day, with gaudy lustre, gilds 

The hills and vales, the purling streams and fields. 

To merit such eulogium in such strains from the pen of 
Dr. Fawcett shows that Haworth had in Mr. Hartley a most 
worthy son. Surely Mrs. Gaskell's picture of Haworth people 
is very unfair. The reference to Mr. Nicholls, a predecessor 
at Coley of good Oliver Heywood, is (juitu misleading. Coley 



Past and Present. 119 

was not Haworth, and it does not follow that a debauched 
curate at the former place influenced the inhabitants there for 
two centuries, and is totally absurd to connect it with Haworth 
many miles away. 

The ministrations of Mr. Hartley alone could not be lost 
upon the people of Haworth, and he was but one of the faith- 
ful leaders, as our references to Mr. Grimshaw will show. 
Can it be supposed that Mr. Grimshaw's influence at home 
was nearly nil when his usefulness is referred to to-day for 
nearly twenty miles round. Even such visitors to Haworth as 
Dr. Fawcett and the Rev. William Crabtree must have left 
indelible impressions on the minds of those who did not avail 
themselves of the sermons preached in Haworth Churchyard 
by those worthies Rev. Benjamin Ingham, Rev. John Wes- 
ley, Rev. George Whitefield, Rev. Henry Venn, Rev. W. 
Romaine, Rev. J. W. Fletcher, and others of their co-workers. 

Mr. Crabtree's sermon on the death of Mr. Hartley is 
entitled The Christian Minister's Fareirell to his Flock. 

Mr. Hartley was born in 1722. and profited under the 
ministrations of Mr. Grimshaw, and Mr. Richard Smith, of 
Wainsgate. About 1748 he gathered the church of which he 
became the pastor. He was ordained over it, June 12th, 
1 752, and retained his office to the time of his death, February 
2nd, 1780. The Epitaphium (seemingly by Mr. Crabtree,) 
consists of seven verses. 

Slowly his earthly frame decay'd, 
His end was long in sight ; 
Nor was his steady soul afraid 
To take her awful flight. 

Mr. Hartley, the summer before his death, had a paralytic 
stroke. 

THE REV. ISAAC SLEE, who had before been a clergyman 
of the Episcopal Church at Plumpton, in Cumberland, was Mr. 
Hartley's successor. He preached with great acceptance and 
sin-cess for about three years. His constitution was delicate, 
and being invited to officiate at the funeral of the Rev. R. 



120 Haworth: 

Smith's widow at Wainsgate, he caught a severe cold, which 
terminated in consumption. He died, much lamented, 
January 13th, 1784, in the 31st year of his age. At his 
request Mr. Crabtree preached on the occasion from Job xix, 
25, and Mr. Fawcett delivered the oration at the grave. Mr. 
Whitfield, of Hamsterle}-, published an account of his life. 
Mr. Slee was ordained August 9th, 1781, at Haworth, when 
the Revs. J. Ashworth, J. Hindle, W. Crabtree and C. Whit- 
field assisted at the first service; and the Revs. W. Crabtree, 
J. Fawcett and S. Medley at the second. 

I have a scarce pamphlet, 8vo., pp. 88, entitled "Two 
Discourses, on the keeping of the Commandments of Zion's 
King, the only Evidence of Love to Him: and, Ananias's 
Reprehension and Exhortation to Saul. Published by request. 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne : T. Robson and Co., for the Authors." 
To the Church of Christ assembling at Hamsterly, Durham, 
these etc., are inscribed byC. Whitfield, I. Slee. The preface 
is dated September 2nd, 1778. "The keeping, &c." was 
"A Farewel Sermon, dc4ivered inPlumpton Chapel, Cumber- 
land; upon Resigning the Perpetual Curacy of that Place, 
August 1st, 1779. By the Rev. I. Slee, Master of the Gram- 
mar School, Salkeldgate. The text was John xiv, 15. Mr. 
Slee gave as his principal reasons for leaving the Establish- 
ment, (1) that the Church of England is established by human 
laws, having a human, secular head; (2) is of a national form, 
diocesan, parochial, &c., comprehending the impious, erroneous, 
and profane; (3) the clergy are, in general, irregular in their 
lives, and erroneous in their doctrines; (4) their Ordinance of 
Baptism is unscriptural ; (5) similarly with regard to the 
Lord's Supper; (6) Churching of Women a mere custom, &c., 
and (7) in the Burial Service, classifying reprobates, &c., as 
'brethren.' 

"Ananias's Reprehension and Exhortation to Saul. A 
Sermon, delivered at the Baptism of the Rev. I. Slee ; wherein 
the nature and ends are explained, &c., by C. Whitfield. Acts 
xxii, 1C." He addressed Mr. Slee as follows : "You have 



Past and Present. 121 

resigned a place in a popular connection, merely from a con- 
scientious regard to the order and institution of the Lord's 
house. You have known that neither a liberal education nor 
a sacred office, with the prospects of preferments, in a worldly 
sanctuary, are sufficient to excuse us in acting contrary to the 
will of God and our own consciences. . . Such a singular 
event as this, generally excites popular admiration. But with 
all due respect to you, Sir, give me leave to observe, that it is 
your future conduct, which will reflect the greatest honour 
upon this day's transactions. . . . To that considerable 
acquisition of classical learning, which you have already 
obtained, be daily makiug some addition, more especially in 
divine science." "A Hymn, composed by the Rev. I. Slee, 
and sung at his Baptism." Nine verses. 

(4) Human Inventions kept me blind, 
And darkness hover'd o'er my mind, 
Till heavenly rays slionc from above, 
And Jesus ory'd, "Dost thou me love?" 

(9) In faith and love then me baptize 
In this pure fount, and may I rise, 
To live by faith, and walk in love, 
Till I shall tread thy courts above ! 

Three pages are taken up with advertizing six of Mr. 
Whitfield's pamphlets, and his boarding-school. He offered 
to teach ' Country Teachers ' English Grammar in a few weeks. 

MR. THOMAS succeeded Mr. Slee, and married his widow 
in June, 1785, but she dying of a fever on the 27th of the 
following month, he soon after left the district, and resided in 
the South. 

THE REV. MILES ODDY, in 1785, by invitation, became 
pastor. The cause prospered under his ministry. The stone 
previously referred to bears the statement "Israel Sutcliffe, 
late of Hawson Hill, gave a sum of money to Mr. Greenwood, 
of Bridge-house to erect galleries in this Chapel which, with 
the concurrence and approbation of the Trustees, was laid out 
for that purpose in the year 1786." Mr. Oddy continued the 
pastor upwards of forty-five years, about the last two of which 

I 



122 Haworth: 

he was assisted by the Rev. W. Winterbothom. Mr. Oddy 
afterwards removed to Bingley where he died in March, 1841, 
aged 85 years, his remains being interred at Haworth. Some 
years previous to Mr. Oddy's resignation [1819,] several 
individuals in his church and congregation withdrew from his 
ministry and established Hall Green Chapel. 

THE REV. W. WINTERBOTHOM succeeded as sole pastor, 
and was ordained on the 27th of September, 1831, on which 
occasion Mr. M. Saunders, of Hall Green Chapel, read portions 
of the Scriptures and prayed ; Mr. Jonas Foster spoke on the 
nature of a Christian Church, and asked the questions ; Mr. 
Godwin, of Bradford, addressed the pastor ; and Mr. Jackson, 
of Hebden Bridge, preached to the people ; and Mr. Holroyd, 
of Wainsgfite, concluded with prayer. 

Mr. Winterbothom resigned in August, 1841, when there 
were about eighty members of the Church, and the sittings in 
the chapel were nea,rly all let. He annually led a strong 
contingency of Dissenters from Haworth to the meeting at 
Bradford, called for levying the parish rate ; and successfully 
moved the postponement of the rate for twelve-months on 
several occasions. 

THE REV. A. BURY became minister at Haworth, Decem- 
ber 1st, 1844, and left in 1850. The present chapel was built 
during his pastorate, 1844. The original chapel had been 
enlarged in 1775. It had an endowment of about i'13. The 
trustees were also trustees of Stanbury Free School. 

REV. MR. KEATS succeeded about Christmas, 1850, and 
died at Bristol, December 4th, 1852. 

THE REV. J. H. WOOD, of Padiham, formerly mission- 
ary in Jamaica, came at Christmas, 1853, and resigned in 
March, 1802. 

THE REV. MR. ALOIS came in March, 18G2, and left 
in October, 1868. 

THE REV. MR. HARPER, the present minister, succeeded 
in January, 18fif). The chapel has received another enlarge- 
ment. They have a, graveyard. Behind the chapel is a large 



Past and Present. 123 

school. The register of births and deaths commences in 1786. 
The Greenwoods and Horsfalls, descendants of the original 
founders, are still identified with the Baptists. 

THE HALL GREEN BAPTIST CHAPEL (Particular) was 
erected in 1825 at a cost of 1700. The separation from the 
congregation at West Lane took place a few years previously. 
The seceders met in a barn at Bridge House. The REV. 
MOSES SAUNDERS, who married Miss Greenwood, of the Bridge 
House family, was the first minister. He established an inter- 
est at Cullingworth, in 1835. About 1847 the REV. THOMAS 
HANSON succeeded. He was for some time at Idel, and died 
ut Biugley. Mr. Hanson was at Haworth about six years. 
The next minister, REV. JOSEPH THORNTON, a self-educated 
man, removed to Accrington about 1803, and there has been 
no resident minister at Hall Green since. 

There is a Baptist Chapel at Orkingstone, in Oxenhope, 
with a large school at Scar Hall. 

It is most probable that Haworth derives its name from 
How, high, and WORTH, a farm; "the high farm." It 
would seem from this etymology that in Saxon times some 
part of the township was under cultivation. It will be 
noticed that there are several moorland townships in the 
vicinity named worth: Wadsworth, Oakworth, Cullingworth, 
&c. The Worth beck separates Haworth and Oakworth, and 
is joined near Haworth Station, by the Oxenhope, or Bridge 
House beck. There is a Haworth in Lancashire, which has 
given name to an important family. A tradesman's token has 
been entered as appertaining to Haworth, near Keighley, but, 
I believe, erroneously. It reads: "Richard Neast, 1664. 
In' Hayworth. R. N. d." There is no difficulty in identifying 
the one previously mentioned "Samvell Ogden, of Haw- 
worth, 1670." I have given an extract, p. 13, from Brook's 
MSS., stating that Sir C. Danby, 1544, held Haworth. 
Being somewhat sceptical on this point, on referring to Harl. 
MS. 802, I found that Haworth, als. Hugeworth, is given 
under Skirack, and therefore misapplied. 



124 



Haii'ortJi : 




We have but little space to give to a notice of the people. 
They have heen represented as more vicious than the inhabi- 
tants of most other places. The most marked of their 
peculiarities, that which has attracted most attention, and 
drawn down unjnst censures and criticisms, is their spirit of 
independence. Yet I am not sure that it is more pro- 
nounced there than the rest of the West Riding, and I, for 
one, am far from censuring it. There is no denying that these 
hill-siders are dogged against opposition, and retain many 
features considered outlandish. To a "foreigner" they may 
be difficult to understand. They are strongly attached to 
their native place. Many inducements were offered to tempt 
Thomas Parker, the vocalist, to leave his native valley, but of 



Past and Present. 125 

110 avail. A story is told of an old inhabitant, at a time of 
great depression in trade, setting out to seek employment. 
At the top of Hawortli Brow, be turned to give a farewell look 
at the old village and churchyard. His heart beat and 
throbbed, and observing the grey smoke just beginning to 
rise from the cottages, he cried out " Ha worth dear 
Haworth I will never forsake thee, with thy pure rock water, 
and good new milk at three ha'pence a quart." But I cannot 
dwell on these traits of character. There is a simplicity 
(smart citizens might term them simpletons) rather than a 
viciousness more marked in their character. When the streets 
were first lighted by gas, the natives are said to have compared 
daylight as "a fool to it." The first carriage that climbed 
the rugged bank Kirkgate, was supposed to be a monstre 
elephant drawn by horses. So the story runs. " The old 
lady" would not ride on the new railway because it was a 
single line. She was not going to have to walk back. This 
reminds me I must give a touch of Haworth dialect, and it 
shall be from BILL OTH HOYLUS END'S History o' Haworth 
Railway fro th' Bcijinnin t' th' End, iri an accant o'th 
Oppnin Surennini/. 

Gather fra Stanbury, lads we yor carrot beds, 
Cum daan fra Locker taan lads be th' railway ; 
Cum we yor wives, yor dowters, an relatives, 
Shout lads, shout for th Worth Valley Railway. 

The humorous account of a cow eating the surveyor's plan 
then follows : 

AVe persperashun on his bra, 

He sez good fowk al tell yo na ; 

Oud Blue Beard's nasty wizend kaa 

Hes swellow'd plan o'th railway 

He sed mi blud begins to boil, 

To think et we sud work an toil 

An even th cattle cannot thoyle 

Ta let us hev a railway. 

tin hearin this the Haworth foak 

Began ta think it wur no joak, 

An wisht at greedy kaa ma chouk, 

At swallowd th plan oth railway. 



126 Haworth: 

"Bill" recently printed a broadside on the "vandals 
who wished to rebuild the church." It was very personal, and 
of little merit, yet of sufficient pungency to induce the 
"powers that he" to effect a suppression of its sale in the 
village. 

Haworth had, till recently, a noted astrologer, who lived 
near the Church. Rich and poor came from far and near to 
learn wisdom from this professor of the black art. The Rev. 
James Whalley, in his interesting tale, " The Wild Moor," 
refers to him. He also gives a picture of the superstitions of 
country people, as common at other Yorkshire villages as at 
Haworth. " Grace Serious gravely asserted to her neighbours 
that ' last night as she was walking thoughtfully along the 
footpath which goes direct through the old churchyard at 
Haworth, she saw something like a large Angora cat, with long 
white fur! When she moved, it moved, and when she stood, 
it stood! But, thanks to the heavens! it disappeared in- 
stantly as the old church clock in the tower struck twelve.' 
The old haunted hall, not far from the rustic habitation of 
Grace Serious, has long been unoccupied. Grace declared 
that she beheld, with her own eyes, the ghost in the old 
churchyard, and a few days afterwards she heard the well- 
known voice of the old squire, in the lawn, close by the old 
haunted hall. Only recently she has heard, not only the voice 
but the step, of the old squire pacing along the old oak gallery 
of the now deserted hall!" 

Of course, cats and rats cannot be allowed to have such 
supernatural influences. 

However, we must revert to facts, and leave fancies. 

The following list is interesting, as it shows the chief inhabit- 
ants of Haworth in 1741. The candidates for the seat of Lord 
Morpeth,M. P., deceased, were C. Turner, and G. Fox, Esquires. 
The voters from Haworth parish, for Mr. Turner, the success- 
ful candidate, were John Appleyard, John Cousin, Abraham 
Denby, Michael and Robert Heat.on, John and Joseph Holmes, 
Timothy Horsfall, Robert Pighills, Joseph Pickels of Stan- 



Past and Present. 127 

bury, and Michael Holdsworth. There voted for Mr. Fox, 
John, John, and William Greenwood; John, John, and 
Timothy Hartley; Henry, John, and William Helliwell; 
Jeremiah Holmes, John Middleton, William Midgley, Thomas 
Murgatroyd, John and Reuben Ogden; Abraham, James, 
Michael, and Michael Pickles; John Roberts, Thomas and 
William Rushworth, Thomas Westby, James Whalley, Jona- 
than and Thomas Whitaker, William Wilkinson, John and 
Joseph Wright, James Acroid, Robert and Robert Redman, of 
Stanbury, George Taylor, of Stanbury, and Edward Feather, 
of O.vup. George Kirton, of Oxup, is also given, but he was 
of another Oxenhope, as will be mentioned subsequently. 

The township has taken an important position in the 
worsted trade. 

Mr. James, in his " History of the Worsted Manufac- 
ture," states that " the parish of Bradford is the first place in 
Yorkshire in which traces of that business has been found, 
so far as they have come to the author's knowledge. There 
are extant documents in the latter portion of the seventeenth 
century, in which parties residing within the parish are des- 
cribed as shalloon manufacturers. Among the earliest thus 
designated may be mentioned the respectable name of Horsfall, 
a family who, possessing small estates in Haworth and Den- 
holme, sought addition to their emoluments by carrying on, 
along with agricultural pursuits, those of trade. The descend- 
ants of these yeomen -manufacturers were among the first to 
introduce, at Bradford, the use of machinery in the weaving of 
stuffs, and are still ever foremost in promoting the improve- 
ment of the worsted manufacture." 

Haworth, in 1810, ranked next to Bradford (and before 
Leeds and Halifax) in the amount of wool used in the worsted 
trade, thirty-two persons being enumerated among the 
recipients of drawback, and some of them for high amounts. 
This was a remission of the tax on soap used in the business. 
James Greenwood received 90 ; Joseph Pighills, 64 ; Sugden 
and Heaton, 56; John Feather, 34. 



128 Haicorth : 

It was calculated that there were, in 1888, twelve hundred 
hand-looms in Haworth, and six hundred in Oxenhope, 
engaged in worsted weaving, thereby taking a prominent lead 
in Bradford district. In 1834, the chief mills engaged were 
Leeming Mill, built about 1790 ; Bridge Mill (John and James 
Greenwood), erected about 1793, 16 horse power; Butterfield 
and Co.'s Mill, built about 1800, 10 horse power; Oxenhope 
Mill (William Greenwood), built about 1807, 8 horse power; 
Royd House Mill (Jonas Hird), applied to worsted 1819, 
8 horse poAver. 

During late years, in common with most Yorkshire vil- 
lages, Haworth has had its Local Board of Health (with its 
"shines" and "shindies"), Mechanics' Institute, Gas Works, 
Water Works, Temperance Society, Good Templars' Lodge, 
Conservative Club, Co-operative Societies, and, lastly, its 
School Board. It has its summer and autumn fairs, of 
ancient standing. The " rushbearing " custom has died out, 
but "Thump Snuday " is still kept. Of public buildings, of a 
secular character, it has a large Drill Shed, and a small Hall, 
the Victoria, belonging to the Odd Fellows. Haworth is a 
polling place for the North-West Riding. It will be seen 
from the following figures that it is the smallest but one of the 
four hamlets that constitute the township, yet it has more 
than half of the total population. 

Haworth has 1808 acres 3 r. 1 p. 

Stanbury 1970 8 1(5 

Near Oxenhope 1508 4 

Far Oxenhope 2820 2 18 



Total 8114 39 

Mrs. Gaskell gives a sad picture of Haworth, quite in 
keeping with the rest of her melancholy story. " The village 
is built with an utter disregard of all sanitary conditions. 
The great old churchyard lies above the houses, and it is ter- 
rible to think how the very water-springs of the pumps below 
must be poisoiml. But this winter of 1833-4 was particularly 



Past and Present. 



129 



wet and rainy, and there was an unusual number of deaths in 
the village. A dreary season it was to the family in the 
parsonage : their usual walks obstructed by .the spongy state 
of the moors the passing and funeral bells so frequently 
tolling, and filling the heavy air with their mournful sound, 
and, when they were still, the 'chip, chip,' of the mason, as 
he cut the gravestones in a shed close by." This account 
may be more truthful than tasteful. Things improve as time 
advances, and we prefer the pleasant walk from the church- 
yard, across the fields to Soivden, to morbid melancholy. 
Across these fields Mr. Grimshaw passed and re-passed. At 
Sowden he lived and died. The old nailed door is a curiosity. 
On an out-building is the date "H. I. 1050." In the 




GKIMSHAW'S FLAGONS (p. 73). 

kitchen he, with such Methodist preachers as Daniey, William 
Sheiit, Benjamin Beaulaud, &c., held crowded prayer-meetings. 
In this room the Rev. John Newton, Nov. 14, 1760, addressed 
about 150 people, half of whom were Methodists, and half 
Baptists. After Mr. Grimshaw's death, Methodism in 
Havvorth became so low as to have only eight members, but 
in 1805, when the chapel was enlarged, there were 13-1. The 
llcv. Charles Wesley spent some days here and at Leeds, 
with Mr. Grimshaw, in 1750. The visits of Mr. John Wesley 



130 Han-orth: 

and Mr. Whitefield have been alluded to. Mr. Grimshaw's 
son was addicted to drunkenness until shortly before his death. 
After acquiring his father's horse, he used to say " it once 
carried a saint, now it carries a devil." 

Balcony, a farmstead near the Church, has been rebuilt. 
The Horsfalls had it some time. It also bore the name Nopp, 
because of two ornamental stone globes at the gables. 

Toirn End Farm, the property of General Rawdon, has 
a good niullioned window. Cook Yate has been an important 
house, now mostly rebuilt. It belongs to Mr. Ferrand. Its 
" Nopps " yet remain. In Changegate is a house bearing the 
letters -I.S. A.S. 1671. At the Wesleyan parsonage an 
elegant oak chair, formerly Mr. Grimshaw's, is preserved. 
Ash Mount, the residence of Amos Ingham, Esq., M.D.. is a 
handsome, modern mansion, commanding lovely and extensive 
views of the valleys and hills for many miles. The front 
portico is of granite and stone, and is a fine specimen of 
carving, of elaborate design, performed by Akeroyd Har- 
greaves. In the grounds are many stone busts dispersed in 
various rockeries, representing the Twelve Disciples, great 
heroes, &c. These came from Mr. Peel's remarkable collec- 
tion at Windhill, near Bradford. There is a beautiful stained- 
glass window in the staircase, representing a waterfall. Dr. 
Ingham has a neat pencil drawing by Miss Bronte. 

The Old Hall, the property of General Emmott Rawdon, 
is at the bottom ol Kirkgatc. It is sometimes called Emmott 
Hall. The front view, from a sketch by my friend Mr. W. 
Scruton, appears on next page, and the east, by "Ant," is 
given on page 38. 

Emmott Hall, a capital specimen of an old hall, now 
divided into cottages, was for a long time the residence of the 
Emmotts, a branch of the Emmotts of Eminott, whose history 
appears in Dr. Whitaker's " Whalley." Their arms are given 
as a cross, engrailed, between three bulls' heads, embossed. The 
present Hall was erected about the time of Elizabeth. The old 
entrance hall was a magnificent room, with polished oak rafters. 



Past and Present. 



131 




182 



Haworth : 



Below the hall was a green, still known as Hall Green. 
An old house in Hall Green Fold bears the inscription 
"T. M. H. Bought An. Dm. 1724." It was bought by 
Timothy Horsfall. 

A few yards further was the ancient Ducking Stool Pond, 
now contracted into a well, but still known as Ducking Stool. 
In the pond that existed here, scolds had the privilege of a few 
" ducks " in the water. 




DUCKING STOOL, 

Brawling women and dishonest bakers had here to suffer 
the penalty of the law. Our picture tells its own tale, and a 
true one. Mr. Smith, of Morley, has kindly favoured me 
with it. 

We learn from the poet that the first dip did not always 
quieten the quean : 

"Down iu the deep the stool descends, 
But here, at first, we miss our ends ; 
She mounts again and rages more 
Than ever vixen did before. 
If so, my friend, pray let her take 
A second turn into the lake ; 



Past and Present. 133 

And rather than your patience lose, 
Thrice and again repeat the dose. 
No brawling wives, no furious wenches, 
Xo tire so hot, but water quenches." 

The district near is known as Folly Top. Here is Wood- 
lands, the residence of John Redman, Esq., manufacturer. 
Proceeding on Marsh Lane, we reach the 

GRAMMAR SCHOOL. 

The Commissioners of Charities report that Christopher 
Scott, by will, dated Oct. 4th, 13 Charles I. (1G38), gave a 
school house, which he had built on ground adjoining the 
church-way,* with an annuity of eighteen pounds a year, pur- 
chased of one Cockroft and one Murgatroyd, which he desired 
might be, if it was not then already, vested in eighteen or 
twelve feoffees at the least, to be chosen of the chief men of 
the parish of Haworth, for and towards the maintenance of a 
schoolmaster, able and willing to teach his scholars Greek 
and Latin in such a manner that they might be fit for either of 
the Universities of. Oxford or Cambridge ; and he desired to 
have the schoolmaster chosen out of the Universities of Oxford 
or Cambridge by all the voices of the feoffees, or at least the 
greater part of them, whereof he willed that his brother's heirs 
should have a double voice ; and he would have such a one 
that was a graduate at the least, or bachelor, if not a master 
of arts, and if there were any that should stand to have the 
place which should be of his blood, and a sufficient scholar in 
manners and learning, he desired that he should be chosen 
before another; and if the master should become negligent 
and of evil report, it should be lawful for all the feoffees, or 
the greater part of them, to expel him, and make choice of 
another more worthy ; and he gave to the poor within the 
parish of Haworth, for ever, the residue of an annuity which 
was purchased of Murgatroyd, which was forty shillings 
by the year (more or less) to be distributed among them at 

* "Kirk-way," I frequently find, was applied to highways 
leading to old churches, though miles distant. 



134 Han-orth: 

Easter and Christinas. 

It appears by a deed, dated Jan. 8, 1665, that the pro- 
perty thereby conveyed to now trustees of the school, con- 
sisted of the six perches of laud on which the school was built ; 
a close called Mytholrne, occupied as three closes; and an 
annuity of fourteen pounds, payable by Cockcroft, but no 
mention is made in the deed of the annuity of six or four 
pounds a year, payable by Murgatroyd. It is probable, 
therefore, that the laud at Mytholme was received in lieu of 
that annuity. 

By deed, dated Oct. 28, 3091, Thomas Cockcroft paid to 
the feoffees of the school 265, as the principal money and 
consideration of the annuity of 14 a year, and that 200, 
part of the money, was placed out upon mortgage, and 65 
was lent upon bond; and it further appears by a deed, dated 
August 17, 1713, that 115 was laid out in the purchase of a 
messuage and certain lands, Heyley-field (now called High 
Binus), which were conveyed by that deed to the feoffees. 

By the deed of conveyance to new trustees, dated April 
24 and 25, 1791, the properties were conveyed to eighteen 
trustees (of whom seven were living when the report was 
made), and consisted of the said six perches, with a school- 
house thereon, near the lower end of a lane leading to Oxen- 
hope, and a messuage or tenement called the Mytholme, with 
the buildings and closes thereto, within Haworth; and a 
messuage called the Mould-greave, with the buildings and 
closes of land thereto, in Oxcnhope, formerly purchased of 
Benjamin Ferrand, Esquire; and a messuage called the High 
Binns, with the buildings and closes of land thereto, in Oxen- 
hope, formerly purchased of Jeremy Pearson, upon trust, to 
pay the rents, &c., to the schoolmaster, and that when the 
trustees should be reduced to the number of twelve, the sur- 
vivors should elect six other persons out of the chief men of 
the parish, or reputed parish, or township of Haworth, and 
convey the premises to the use of the surviving and newly- 
elected feoffees. 



Past and 1'resent. 135 

At the making of the report the property consisted of a 
school, which was enlarged in 1818, and a house for the 
master adjoining, which was erected in the same year hy the 
trustees; a messuage called Mytholmes, with a small harn and 
about ten acres of land in Haworth, let to Thomas Sugden, as 
yearly tenant, at the annual rent of eighteen pounds ; a house 
and barn called the Mould-greave, with twelve acres of old- 
enclosed land, and an allotment of fourteen acres or thereabouts, 
let to Joseph Biuus as yearly tenant at 31 per annum; part 
of the allotment is moorland, and not yet converted into 
tillage; a messuage called High Biuns, with a barn and about 
seven acres of land, let to Mr. Wright as yearly tenant at the 
annual rent of '19. The property is let at the full annual 
value, and the land-tax has been redeemed out of the surplus 
rents. The sum of 100 was borrowed about ten years ago 
for the purpose of improving the land, building the school- 
house, and making other repairs, and the further expense of 
building the house was defrayed with money retained out. of 
the rent. The salary of 60 a year is paid to the master, 
and the surplus rent, 8, is applied to defray the interest on 
the 100, and necessary repairs. 

The present master, who had previously had the school 
at Harehill, near Keighley, was appointed at Midsummer, 
1826; and he instructs the children of all the inhabitants of 
the chapelry of Haworth who apply for admission, both boys 
and girls, in reading, writing, and arithmetic. The master is 
competent to teach Latin, but he is not a graduate of either of 
the Universities, and though a man of considerable attain- 
ments, is not duly qualified as teacher of a grammar school ; 
we find, however, that the school has not for a long time been 
maintained as a regular grammar school; that there is little or 
no demand for a classical education ; and that from the situa- 
tion of the school and the amount of the endowment, it would 
.be difficult to support the institution, or procure a proper 
master, and we are induced to conclude that the trustees did 
the best in their power for the charity, in the appointment of 



136 Haworth: 

the present master. There are about 200 scholars in the 
school, some of whom are extremely young, and attend to be 
taught the alphabet; he teaches them with the assistance of 
his son. It seems right some qualification for admission 
should be insisted upon. 

The list of masters (as usual) is most incomplete. Mr. 
Summorscales, of Keighley, machinist, held the post for some 
time. Also the Rev. Mr. Cranmer, and the Rev. J. B. 
Grant. The Rev. W. Patchett, M.A., is the present master, 
and the school is conducted as is usual at Grammar Schools. 
Scholars from this school of late years have attained particu- 
lar emincncy; some entering the ministry, and others the 
medical profession. An Oxenhope youth (Preston) got the 
"Brown" scholarship at Bradford, and afterwards the 
" Hastings." 

The school, especially the great ecclesiastical east window, 
has an ancient .appearance, but the interior seems far behind 
our ordinary government schools in furniture and attractive- 
ness. 

Mr Scott, the founder, was a clerynian, I believe. 

I have been much struck by the many instances we have 
in the Haworth valleys and hills of Scandinavian names. We 
shall only be able to note them in the form of an itinerary. 

Passing over the Worth, from Oakworth, \>y rail, we may 
name Mytholm and Lower Mytholm, with a worsted mill. 
We thus begin with evidence of Norse settlement, 'holm' being 
the Scandinavian word for fenny ground, ' Mytholm ' means 
'middle holm.' Mytholm Lane leads to Haworth village. 
Greenfield House is near. What a contrast between the 
Saxon Greenfield House, and the Norse Mytholm ! The Lees 
Sike forms the township's boundary a short distance. Here 
we have both nations represented: ' Lees,' Saxon for meadows, 
and 'Sike,' Scandinavian for watercourse. Sikes Lane passes 
near Ebor worsted mill, Ebor House, Ebor Lane (having at 
the corner a stone notifying private rights), Primitive Metho- 
dist Chapel (a handsome structure), Mill Hey, Mill Bridge, 



Past and rresent. 137 

Railway Station, Mill Hill (with footroad to Haworth village), 
Corn Mill, Belle Isle to Bridge House, with its worsted mill. 
'Hey 'is an Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian word signifying 
'enclosure or boundary.' 'Ebur,' as an old name, indicated 
the 'wild boar.' 

The Toller Lane, or Haworth and Blue Bell Trust, 
passes near Haworth Old Hall, Hall Green Baptist Chapel, 
Bunker's Hill, Bridge House, Haworth Brow, The Keys, 
Brow Moor Top, Brow Slack, Shreads, Brow Moor Edge and Noon 
Nook to Flappit Springs and Stump Cross. Laverock Hall 
(Saxon for 'lark') is over the boundary. The Brow indicates 
the forehead, or edge. Slack means ' flat highland.' The rustic 
bridges over the beck form interesting features in the land- 
scape. The steep hills are terraced by the continuous tread 
of the cattle. 

On the left, passing up the Leeds and Hebden Bridge 
Turnpike, we have Hawkclifte, a boundary stone marked 
(Manor of Oxenhope), Far North Ives Bottom, Naylor Hill, 
Cote Hill Wood, tipper Royd House, Royd House, with a 
worsted mill, Cat stones, sandstone delves, Cuckoo Park, 
Ive Stones (over the boundary being the celebrated Castle 
Stead Ring), North and South Birks, Crockhouse Wood, 
Lower and Upper Hayley, Bentley Hey, Hey End, Crumock, 
Black Moor, and Armshaw Lowe. In this list we have Cote, 
' a sheep cote ' ; Eves, Saxon for ' edge ' ; Cat, Cymric coed, ' a 
wood/ or Scandinavian (/at, 'a passage'; Shreads, Scandinavian 
for 'rock'; Royd, 'ridding or cleared land'; Birks, 'the birch 
trees' ; Hey, 'enclosures' ; Crumock, 'crooked oak,' or Crumbeck, 
'crooked stream' ; Shaw, 'a wood' (Scandinavian) ; and Lowe, 'a 
hill.' 

Nc;'.r Dark Lane (old, narrow, and overgrown) we reach 
Oxeuhope Lower Town, with its bridge and mills, Woodhouse, 
Gate Lane, Intake End, Summcrfield Villa, the residence of 
Mr. W. ]>iuns, High Binns, and Elm Laith. Intake indi- 
cates the land 'taken in' from the moor; Oxenhope derives 
its name from the Scandinavian hope, a sheltered spot between 

j 



138 llaieorth: 

bills, or on the side of a hill, and either oxen, ' the animals,' or 
onsen, 'water.' Beck is Scandinavian for 'a rivulet.' Binns 
may come from the Scandiavian, bit/riens, 'buildings.' Laitb 
is Scandiavian for 'barn.' 

Passing up Leeming Lane, we notice Height, Black Moor, 
Clutch, Tansey End, Scar Hall, Scar Top, with its old 
houses, Springs, Butteryate Syke, Lamb Inn, Hawking Stone, 
with a Baptist Chapel, Bradshaw Head Lane, Whinny Hill 
Foot, Sawood, with Wesleyan Sunday School, and Cobling. 
Whinny Hill is in Denholme, beyond the ancient Denholme 
Park Boundary Wall, as is also the Sentry Box, formerly 
used to signal war news to and from Swilling and Beacon 
Hills. Thornton Moor forms the next boundary. 

Scar is a Scandinavian word, meaning ' a steep rock.' 
Whinny takes its name from ' whins,' furze. 

On the right of Leeming Lane are Charles' Mill (wor- 
sted) a man named Charles lived near; Lee Hill, 

Leeming, Leeming Water, Lily Hill, Box Hall, Midge Holme 
Beck, Leeming or Midge Holme Mill, which stood about the 
centre of the present Leeming Reservoir; Isles Lane, Upper, 
Lower, and Farther Isles, Nan Scar Beck, Far and High Fold, 
Stoney Hill Clough, Throstle Nest Mill, pulled down on 
constructing the Leeming Reservoir; Pikely Hills, Foster 
Dyke, Crags, Doll Clough, Doll Bridge, Bank Nook, White- 
hill coalpit, Hey Bottom, Moorside, Whiteshaw, Delf Hill, 
Solomon's Temple, a capricious name ; Hambleton, Knoll 
Bottom, The Hoys, and Paddock End. 

Nant is a Cymric word meaning a ' beck in a narrow 
valley,' and is the probable etymology of Nan Scar; Fold is 
Scandinavian for 'enclosure' ; Clough indicates ' a stony valley' ; 
Pikeley Hills is a curious instance of tautology Pike, Scan- 
dinavian for ' peak ' ; lan-e has the same meaning. Rawnsley 
and Tingley were originally spelt ' Ravenslawe ' and 'Thinglawe' ; 
Doll is from the Scandinavian dtilil, 'a valley,' or, dole, 'common 
pastures ' ; Hoys is a Scandinavian word for 'bills' ; Nab, Knab, 
is from the same language, and means ' rising ground '; Knoll 



Past and Present. 139 

is from the Anglo-Saxon cnul, ' round hill.' 

Beginning at Lower Town again, we meet with Best 
Lane Bottom, Goose Green (indicating the place where the 
inhabitants had the right of turning geese upon the common), 
Wadsworth Mill, Back o'th Hill, Great and Little Hill Houses, 
Bull Hill Mill, Crossley Bridge, Paul Clough, Hill House 
Edge, and Lane, Rough Top, Hill House, Wildgreave Head, 
Moore Close Hill, Sunny Bank, Peat Lane, Pickles Rough, 
Peats Rough, Hough Lot, Stake Hill, Will's Allotment, 
Bentley Cellar, Foul Clough, Buck's Allotment, Davidson's 
and Bentley's Allotments, Wet Hill, Woodcock Hall, Nab 
Hill (1473 feet high), Nab Water, Nab Rough, Nab Scar 
Delf, Nab Water Rough, Nab Lane (parts of Oxenhope 
Moor), Rushworth's and Greenwood's Allotments, Red Carr 
Popples, Whitemoor Lane, Sawood Lane, Wildman Lane, 
Shady Bank and Sawood Moss. Over the boundary are 
Ovenden and Warley Moors, with such names as Fly, Cold 
Edge, and Fill Belly Flat. Haver cake will be acceptable in 
that region. 

Stake is another new name, and this again is of Scan- 
dinavian origin, meaning ' rocky.' Pickles, or Pighells, is 
Saxon for ' enclosed lands.' Sawood means probably 'south 
wood.' Paul and Poll are evidently from the German ptthel, 
'a hill.' Wilgreave is equivalent to 'willow grove.' Dike is 
Saxon for 'a ditch.' Rough and Grough mean 'uncultivated.' 
Paul Clough, in 1868, had numerous visitors to hear a night- 
ingale that made a casual settlement there. 

Passing up the Lees and Hebden Bridge Turnpike, from 
Lower Town, we have on the left hand Aberdeen, Intake 
Lane, Dike Nook, Rough Top, Spring Hall, Keeper's Lodge, 
Little Cock Hill, Great Grough Hole, Holden Clough Beck, 
Lord's Allotment, Cock Hill Stoops (boundary stones), and 
Long Dike, adjoining Midgley Moor. 

It was on Cockhill that Benjamin Foster, of Denholme, 
lost his life, through the inclemency of the weather, Feb. 4th, 
1831, aged 22 years. The incident is touchingly told in 



140 Ilaworth : 

"The Wild Moor." 

Near the gamekeeper's house is a stone over the grave 
of two clogs, with the inscription: 

"Here lieth a faithful old dog, called Don 
A better, stone was ne'er laid upon ; 
He was true to his game, and true to his master : 
Reader, his equal, I doubt, will not be after. 

Died on Cockhill, May, 1845, aged 13 years. Shot over by Jame 
Walton, Halifax, 12 years. 

Also Betty, sister to the above, died Nov. 1846, aged 12 years." 

Near Oxenhope Church is Westcroft Head (the residence 
of Mr. J. Foster Horsfall), Top of Stones, Hard Nese Lane 
and Clough, Wagon and Horses Inn, Grey Stones, Holden 
Hill and Lane, Rag Clough Beck, Long Ridging, Rennet 
Lane, Slack, Bank Lane, Low Fold, Green Lane, Hill Top, 
Penny Poll, Sun Hill, Sun Hill Clough, Deep Dike, Top of 
Stairs, Stairs Swamp, Stairs Hole and Lane, Stoneheap 
Stoop (1397 feet high), Red Dike Swamps, Cock Hill Swamp, 
Yeoinan Hill, Bodkin Top and Lane. On Bodkin Lane we 
find Stairs Bottom, Rag Clough Beck, Old Cote, Dunkirk 
(worsted mill), Brooksmeeting Mill (Leeshaw and Rag Clough 
Becks meet here), Leeshaw Reservoir, Great Stones (an old 
residence of the Feather family), Cold Well, Shaw, Weetshaw, 
Shaw Lane, Hawks Bridge, Moorside Lane, Lee Lane, Marsh 
Lane, Hoyle Sike (a remarkahle gully), Baptist Sunday 
School at Pinhill End, Pinfold House, Cote, Moorhouse Beck, 
Mouldgreave, the residence of the Rushworth family, and Rush- 
worth mill. Mouldgreave is worthy of a visit. There is some 
old oak furniture dated, the lord's pew from Haworth Church, 
&c. The house bears date W. S. R. 1742. I find that the 
fashionable ' not at home ' refusal to see a visitor has at least 
one disciple in Haworth township. Rushworth Mill seems 
more like a barn with a cottage chimney than what we now 
understand by a mill. It is tenanted by a manufacturer of 
band and dry soap. The inscription reads 



Past and Present. 141 

"W. M. R. 

The Fisher'a Lodge 1808. 
Repent no grievances, but 
Study to be quiet, and 
Mind your own business." 

The angler will find "light" fishes (to use the local 
word meaning feic] in the stream. 

Continuing our bird's-eye view we have Marsh Wcsleyan 
School, Moorhouse (Murrus in the native language), Moor- 
house Lane and Bridge, Upper Town, National School, Weasel 
Lane, The Cross (the original stone, face downwards, is 
pointed out in a wall near the houses), Oxenhope Railway 
Station (Terminus), Oxenhope Worsted Mill, North Ives 
(Nordice is the local pronunciation), Moorhouse Beck, joining 
the Leeming Water, and subsequently known as Bridge House 
Beck, Bents, Low Marsh, Marsh End, Stubbing Gate to 
Ducking Stool. 

On the left of Bodkin Lane and its continuations, Lee, 
Marsh, and Stubbing Lanes, are Green Holes Hill and 
Clough, Bond Hill and Clough, Little Stairs Brink, Stairs 
Hill, Stoop Hill, Holmes Intake, Spa Hill and Clough, 
Wether Hill Clough, Dry Clough, Leeshaw Water and Reser- 
voir, Windle House, Westhouse (old mill), Bodkin Rough, 
Low Bodkin, Upper, New, and Old Westfields (residence of 
the Horsfalls), Stanbury Height, Grove Hill Dike, Penistono 
Slack and Hill, Higher Marsh, Field Head Lane, Hanging 
Gate Lane, Oxenhope Mill and House, The Grammar School, 
whence we started on this etymological journey. The new 
names in the last list include Naes, Saxon for ' headland ' ; 
Pen, British for 'hill'; Bod, Gaelic for 'a bushy place' ; Bents, 
'a common' ; Stubbing and royd, 'cleared land' ; Bond, Scandin- 
avian for ' boundary ' ; Marsh, ' swampy land ' ; Stairs, ' the 
ascent'; Hoyle, 'hole.' 

Oxenhope is a straggling village in a narrow valley, as 
its name indicates. It is an ecclesiastical parish in Haworth 
township. Its Church, dedicated to St. Mary the Virgin, was 
built in 1849. The following particulars are taken from "A 



142 



Haworth : 



Memorial of the Church," by the Rev. Joshua Fawcett, M.A., 
12 pages, 12 mo., Bradford, 1850, price 6d. The profits 
arising from the Sale of the Memorial were appropriated to the 
purpose of erecting a Parsonage House, at Oxenhope. The 
district for ecclesiastical purposes was formed under Sir 
Robert Peel's Act, and includes Far and Near Oxenhope. The 
date of the formation was 1845, and the first incumbent (being 
also the present one), was the Rev. Joseph Brett Grant, B.A., of 
Emanuel College, Cambridge. Mr. Grant commenced his 
labours in a 'wool-combing shop,' which became too small. 
He then raised funds for a Day and Sunday school, and 
shortly afterwards began to agitate for a church. A handsome 
manse followed. The foundation stone of the Church was 
laid Feb. 14, 1849, and the building was consecrated Oct. 
llth, in the same year, by the Bishop of Ripon. It is a 
massive, stone building, a good specimen of early Norman, 
and forms a prominent feature in the landscape. The general 
outline of the building is in strict harmony with the scenery, 




Past and Present. 143 

and reminds us more of a structure of long by-gone times, 
than one of yesterday's erection. There is something quite 
unique in the whole design. The stonework has been put 
together without any reference to regular coursing, and is in 
admirable keeping with the whole coup d' ceil. It is in the 
Anglo-Norman in its severest form, utterly devoid of all orna- 
ment as a fabric. Its plan comprises a tower, nave, north 
aisle and chancel, with the sacristy on the north side. 
Dimensions : Tower, 22 feet square ; Nave, 48 feet by 24 
feet 9 in. ; Aisle, 01 feet by 8 feet 2 in. ; Chancel, 29 feet by 
14 feet; Height of tower, 44 feet. Cost of the building 
930, site and walling 218 additional. It affords accommoda- 
tion for 437 persons, one hundred of whom are reckoned 
children. There is a register and bell. The living, valued at 
150, with residence, is a vicarage, in the gift of the Crown 
and Bishop, alternately. 

The population of Oxenhope is on the decrease : 1861 it 
was 2880; 18712512. In 1821 Far Oxenhope had 1467, 
and Near Oxenhope 705 inhabitants. The railway was opened 
in April, 1867. 

The manorial rights passed from Joseph Greenwood, 
Esq., of Spring Head, to Captain Edwards, by purchase. 
The late Captain Joseph Priestley Edwards was son of Henry 
L. Edwards, J.P. He was captain of the 2nd W. Y. Yeomanry 
Cavalry, and resided at Fixby. He and his eldest son were 
killed at the Abergele accident, 1868. His second son, Lea 
Priestley Edwards, Esq., married his own cousin, Emily, 
daughter of Sir H. Edwards, in 1873. The Horsfalls, 
Fosters and llushworths were formerly large land- 
owners. A pew at Haworth Church is marked as having 
belonged to the Rev. Mr. Horsfall, for property at Lower Town. 

The following is the pedigree of Adam de Oxenhope, 
otherwise called Adam de Batloy. 

Adam Copley ; - Ann, dr Thos. de Rish worth 



144 Haicorth : 

Hugh = Margaret de Liverscdge 



Adam, 
Rafe = Jane de Stansfield Rector of Halifax. 



Adam = Ann, dr. John de Leventhorpe 



Thomas Copley de Batley = Winifred Mix-field 



Hugh = Ann, dr. Sir Robert Cromwelbotham, Knt. 



Raphe = (1) Ellen, dr. John dc Rookes ; Helen Henry Savile 
= (2) dr of Adam Batley 



Raphe John Adam C. de Batley Jane de Oxenhope 
obit s.p. ob.s.p. alias de Oxenhope 



Richard C. de Batley = dr. Sir John Hntton, Knt. 



Sir Richard = (1) Margaret, dr. Sir Ric. Denton 

I = (2) Elizabeth, dr. Sir John Harrington 



Lionel = Jane William Copley, Doncaster. 

d. 1489 I Thwaites 



Past and Present. 145 

John . Agnes Pigot 



John, d 1543, = Margaret, dr Sir Bry. Stapleton 



Alvary, J.P. d 1598, aged 72 = Jane Beaumont. 

The following tit-bit is sometimes placed to the credit of 
this village, but erroneously, as it is Oxenhope Hall, near 
York, that is referred to. George Kirton, Esq., of Oxnop 
Hall, died in 1709, aged 125 years. He was a most remark- 
able fox hunter, following the chase on horseback till his 80th 
year, and from that period till his 100th year, he regularly 
attended the unkennelling of the fox, in his single chair. It 
is a pity to lose this note for our Oxenhope, but it cannot be 
helped. 

The Rev. James Whalley, of Leeds, formerly of Cross 
Stone, a native of Oxenhope, published, in 1869, "The Wild 
Moor: A Tale Founded on Fact," 104 pages. He gives an 
interesting account of his journey "Over th' Stairs," the 
peculiarities of moor travelling, loss of lives in snow-storms, 
the moors in summer, disruption of Crow Hill Bog, return 
over the moors in a storm, in "Jake o' Isaac's" covered cart, 
and other particulars. The following is his notice of Thomas 
Parker, whose portrait I have been at some pains to obtain for 
this book, and am pleased to be able to present so correctly. 

"There was, a few years ago, in this district, an eminent 
vocalist, whose matin-song was sweet as that of the morning 
lark, and even-song melodious as that of the nightingale. 
Rich and poor, young and old, came to hear the sweet and 
mellow tones of 'the local star.' Did I say 'the local star'? 
Nay, he shone not only in the narrow valleys, and all around 
the dark borders of 'the wild moor,' but the brightness and 
brilliancy of this star was seen and wonderfully admired even 
within the walls of that ancient and sacred edifice York Min- 
ster. He was celebrated for the sweetness and excellence of 



146 Haicorth: 

his tenor voice. Home years ago he was solicited to sing in 
the Crystal Palace, when he excused Limself on the ground of 
old age and its infirmities. He neither cared for nor sought 
popularity at any period of his life. Still this distinguished 
amateur considered it his duty to perform ' home duties ' 
rather than render 'foreign services.' He frequently sang 
(Sundays excepted) at oratorios, concerts, &c., in different 
parts of the country," but his Sunday services were chiefly 
confined to ' the wild moor ' district. The ' charity season ' 
if I may so call it extended from the first Sunday in May to 
the end of September. On one Sunday the famous singer was 

engaged for St. , next St. , next II , next B , 

next Mount Zion, next M side, next H stone, next St. 

next Ebene/er, next H green, next J , next 

S Top, and so on till the end of the season. S Top 

charity [that is, Sunday School Anniversary Sermons,! takes 
place under the broad Canopy of heaven. There is a sheltered 
nook close by North Beck, and a sod platform is there erected. 
No fewer than 3000 people assembled in this obscure place at 
the festival of 1808 ! Ebenezer never failed to procure his 
valuable services. It happened on one occasion that the select 
piece of music sung by the distinguished amateur was, ' Why 
doth the God of Israel sleep?' from Sampson, which he sung 
with that marked degree of taste and refinement for which he 
was so celebrated. He acquitted himself to the entire satis- 
faction and delight of the crowded audience, and, but for the 
sacredness of the place, he would no doubt have elicited an 

encore It is remarkable that the last time this 

celebrated man sang in public was at a soiree in connection 
with 'Ebene/-'! 1 .' After a short illness, he died in his 
eightieth year, his remains being followed to the grave by all 
the professors of the divine art in the neighbourhood, as well 
as by scores of amateurs and admirers." 

One more stroll and our itinerary will be concluded. It is 
the favourite routo taken by the Bronte sisters. They had 
but to pass three stiles from the parsonage, and their feet trod 



Past and Present. 147 

the loved mocrlands, or they strolled along the highway to 
Stanbury. The Worth runs down the valley to the right, and 
Oakworth stretches for miles beyond. Passing up West Lane, 
with the Baptist and Wesleyan Chapels in it, near neighbours, 
we reach the Pinfold, Oldfield Gate, Lord Wood, Scholes Hip- 
pings (stepping stones across the stream), Bough Nook, 
Hollins (with worsted mill), The Dike, Dimples End Quarry, 
Lumb Foot Mill (worsted), Milking Hill, Sladen Beck (rises 
near Stanbury Withins), Sladen Bridge and Stanbury. 

Scholes is from a Scandinavian word meaning ' hut ' ; 
Sladen is the ' slead dean,' which in Anglo Saxon meant a ' strip 
of land between woods, in the hollow or bottom, or valley.' 
Lumb indicates 'a wooded valley.' Withins, probably, is so 
named from an abundance of willows. Stanbury is undoub- 
tedly derived from stan, 'stony,' and burgh, ' a hill.' This name 
indicates a Roman encampment. The village is seated upon 
the very pinnacle of a precipitous hill, well cultivated to the 
summit. The appearance contrasts strangely with the sur- 
rounding treeless moorlands. Stanbury is still in Bradford 
Manor, though separated many miles from the rest of that 
manor, and until the beginning of this century the land was 
mostly copyhold. The inhabitants in early times were mostly 
natiri, or bondmen, subject to the Lord of the Manor. There 
is a story told, evidently fictitious, as Staubury had the name 
centuries before Oliver Cromwell's birth, that the Protector on 
entering the village enquired of the inhabitants the name of 
the place. The answer was " Bury," to which Cromwell replied, 
"I say, Stand Bury," hence Stanbury. Abraham Dugdale and 
others are said to have kept forty or fifty horses here as 
earners. There was considerable traffic on this road between 
Lancashire and Yorkshire in former times, especially by 
drovers. The Waggon and Horses Inn and Cross Inn were 
much frequented at that time. The Wesleyans have a chapel 
here, and there is a Church school. The free school at Stan- 
bury, with a house for the master, was built by subscription 
in 1805, and endowed by the same means with 600, secured 



148 Haicorth: 

on the tolls of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, at 5 per cent, 
interest, for which, and the use of the school and house, the 
master teaches ahout sixty free scholars. It is partly vested 
in trust with the trustees of the Baptist Chapel, at Haworth, 
and is free for reading, writing, and arithmetic, to all the 
children of Stanbury, or Haworth, above the age of six years. 

Near Oldfield House is a grave, the headstone of which 
bears this inscription: "In memory of Mr James Mitchell, 
late proprietor and occupier of Oldfield House, who died on 
the 27th day of January, 1885, aged 72 years." A rough, 
unpolished stone, weighing about a ton, rests on the grave. 
It was formerly half-embedded fifty yards above its present 
resting place. Mr Mitchell, shortly before his death, had this 
stone rolled down the hill. When it stopped rolling he said 
to his servants, "There I will be buried." The tomb is 
surrounded by a wall. Thousands assembled to see the 
funeral. 

Continuing our peregrination we meet with Stanfield 
Well, near Stanbury, Clough Hole, Dale Moor, Lower Laithe, 
Intake, Waterhead Lane, Clogger Well, Smith Bank Bridge 
(old worsted mill), Enfield, Black Leech, The Slack, Enshaw 
Knoll, Sand-delf-hill, Utley Spring, Jos. Hill, Lumb Beck 
(with waterfalls), The Level, Rockhead Hill, Round Hill, 
Harbour Hill, Harbour Hole, Harbour Hole Brink, Oxenhope 
Edge, Harbour Slack, Harbour Scars, Harbour End, Limers- 
gate, Edge Nick, Sheep Cote, Carr Grough, Deep Nick 
Swamp, Deep Nitch Water, Oxenhope Stoop Hill (1452 feet 
high, near Oxenhope Edge), Dick Delf Hill, Hollow Height, 
Rushbed Top, Black Dike, Crumber Dike, Crumber Hill, 
Withins Foot. 

Beginning again at Stanbury, we have on the left bank of 
Sladen Beck Hob Hill, Back Lane, Cold Knoll, Bully Trees, 
Pollard Wood, Southdean Bottoms, Cuckoo Stone, Keelam, 
Newton Dean Side, Virginia, Forks House, Sandy Hill, 
Scar Hill, Upper and Lower Heights. Master Stones, Flaight 
Hill, Pike Stone, Goaten Hole, Goaten Hill, Withins Slack, 



Past and Present. 149 

Jack House, Bentley Scar, Bentley Hole, Withins, Near 
Fosse, Far Fosse, Rough Dike, New Dike, Intakes, Wilkins 
Flat, Noonen Stones, Green Hall, Bound Hill, Top of Cain 
(the boundary), Withins Height (in Wadsworth), 1504 feet, 
Withins Height (in Haworth), 1450 feet, Blue Scar Clough, 
Alcomden Stones (circular), Site of Harry House, Middle 
Moor Clough, Middle Moor, Middle Moor Hill and Flat, Duck 
Dam, Red Mires Flat, Stanbury Bog, Upper and Lower Ridge 
Green, The Sage of Crow Hill, The Grough of Crow Hill, 
Crow Hill, 1401 feet high, with boundary stones showing the 
division between Lancashire and Yorkshire. 

On Tuesday, the 2nd of September, 1824, there happened a 
dreadful eruption of a bog at Crow Hill, which kept the water of the 
river Aire in such a turbid state, that for sometime it could not be 
used at Leeds, or any other place, either for culinary or manufactur- 
ing purposes. Three days after the commencement of the disruption, 
the Rev. Mr. Bronte, of Haworth, sent a letter to the Leeds Mercury- 
office, stating that he believed it to be the effect of a severe earth- 
quake ; but as no agitation had been felt in the neighbourhood, this 
supposition was not generally accepted. The Editor, who visited 
the spot a few days afterwards described it in the Leeds Mercury, as 
follows: "Crow- Hill, the scene of this phenomenon, is about 9 
miles from Keighley, and 6 from Colne, at an elevation of about 
1,000 feet above the former place. The top of the moor, which in 
nearly level, is covered with peat, and other accumulations of 
decayed vegetables of a less firm texture; the whole appeared 
saturated with water, and in most places trembled under the tread 
of the foot. The superfluous water, at the east end of the Moor 
drained into small rivulets at the bottom of a deep glen or gill, down 
a precipitous range of rocks, which presented the appearance of a 
gigantic staircase. This rivulet passes down the valley to Keighley, 
and enters the Aire, near Stockbridge, about a mile below that town. 
At the distance of about 500 yards from the top of the glen, the prin- 
cipal discharge seems to have taken place : here a very large area, of 
about 1.200 yards in circumference, is excavated to the depth of 
from 4 to 6 yards ; and at a short distance from this chasm there is a 
similar excavation, but much less in extent. These concavities have 
been emptied, not only of their water, but also of their solid contents. 
A channel about 12 yards in width, and 7 or 8 in depth, has been 
formed quite to the mouth of the gill, clown which a most amazing 
quantity of water was precipitated, with a violence and noise of 
which it is difficult to form an adequate conception, and which was 



150 Haicorth: 

heard to a considerable distance. Stones of an immense size and 
weight were hurried by the torrent more than a mile. It is 
impossible to form any computation of the quantity of earthy 
matter which has been carried down inte the valley ; but that it is 
enormous is evident from the vast quantities deposited by the 
torrent in every part of its course, and from the great quantity 
which our river still contains. This destructive torrent was 
confined within narrow bounds by the high glen through which 
it passed, until it reached the hamlet of Pondens, where it expanded 
over some corn fields covering them to the depth of several feet ; it 
also filled up the mill-pond, choking up the water-course, and 
thereby putting an entire stop to the works. A stone bridge was 
also nearly swept away at this place, and several other bridges in its 
course were materially damaged ; we feel happy, however, in being 
able to state, that it was not fatal to life in a single instance. The 
torrent was seen coming down the glen before it reached the 
hamlet, by a person who gave the alarm and thereby saved the lives 
of several children, who would otherwise have been swept away. 
The torrent at this time presented a breast of 7 feet high. The 
track and extent of this inundation or mud may be accurately 
traced all the way from the summit of the hill to the confluence of 
the rivulet with the Aire, by the black deposit which it has left on its 
banks. The first bursting of the Bog took place at C o'clock in the 
evening of Thursday, the 2nd iust., and another very considerable 
discharge occurred on the following day, about 8 in the morning, 
and it is highly probable that other extensive portions of the Bog 
will, from time to time hereafter, be discharged into the Aire in a 
similar manner. No human being was on the spot to witness the 
commencement of this awful phenomenon, and of course we cannot 
arrive at an absolute degree of certainty as to its cause ; the most 
probable one, is the bursting of a water-spout. The suddenness 
and violence of the disruption strongly favours this supposition, tt 
would evidently require a power acting with a great degree of 
momentum to move and break in pieces the large and almost solid 
masses of peat and turf which were forced down the hill, to say 
nothing of the detached rocks which were moved. The state of the 
atmosphere about the time when the disruption took place, also 
renders this solution highly probable, the air being fully charged 
with electric matter. 'At the time of the irruption,' says Mr. 
Bronte, 'the clouds were copper coloured, gloomy, and lowering; 
the atmosphere was strongly electrified, and unusually close.' 
These appearances, as they indicated, were followed by a severe 
thunder storm, during which it is more than probable, that some 
heavily loaded clond poured its contents upon the spot. We may 
add, in support of this hypothesis, that more water seems to have 



Pant and Present. 151 

been sent down the glen than could have been supplied by the 
contents of the two bogs which have been excavated. But, 
perhaps, a, still more important inquiry is, what can be done to 
prevent :v recurrence of similiar irruptions? This is rather ;> 
difficult question ; there is, however, no doubt but the drainage of 
the Moss would remove the danger, as no instance exists of either 
the bursting or floating away of a drained bog. Probably the 
channels now made, should they remain open, will give the 
requisite stability to the peaty soil. " 

This account was reprinted as a broadside. It was also 
stated that the inundation was very fatal to the fish, which were 
suffocated by it in large quantities. There were four eruptions 
on the following Thursday. A gentleman who witnessed the 
last of them thus describes it: About a quarter to seven 
o'clock in the evening the phenomenon began to exhibit itself. 
On approaching the cavity, or canal, made by the former 
eruptions, and which is now about three quarters of a mile in 
length, he and his friends perceived a vast body of peaty 
earth in motion, impelled by the water in the rear. Soon the 
substance became stationary, and remained in that state for 
about ten minutes. By and by it was again in motion down 
the channel very gradually, all the while receiving fresh accessions 
of mud and peat, till at length the \vhole cavity was filled. 
Having at length reached the precipice, it rushed over the 
steep with a tremendous noise, and the discharge was distinctly 
heard at the distance of four miles. How long the flow continued 
he could not say, but he heard it for an hour at least after he 
quitted the place. From bis examination he conceives that a 
body of peat moss is loosened by these disruptions to the 
extent of a mile in circumference, and the prevailing opinion 
on the spot is that this enormous mass will come away before 
the discharge from Crow Hill will finally close. 

The following is an extract from Mr. Bronte's sermon. 

"I would avail myself of the advantages now offered for 
moral and religious improvement, by the late earthquake and 
extraordinary eruption which lately took place about four miles 
from this very church in which we are now assembled. 
You all know, &c., at about six o'clock in the afternoon, two 



152 Haicorth: 

portions of the moors in the neighbourhood sunk several yards 
during a heavy storm of thunder, lightning, and ruin, and 
there issued forth a mighty volume of mud and water, which 
spread alarm, astonishment, and danger along its course of 
many miles. As the day was exceedingly fine, I had sent 
nay little children, who were indisposed, accompanied hy the 
servants, to take an airing on the common, arid as they stayed 
rather longer than I expected, I went to an upper chamber to 
look out for their return. The heavens over the moors were 
blackening fast. I heard the muttering of distant thunder, 
and saw the frequent flashing of the lightning. Though ten 
minutes before, there was scarcely a breath of air stirring, the 
gale freshened rapidly, and carried along with it clouds of 
dust and stubble ; and by this time some large drops of rain 
clearly announced an approaching heavy shower. My little 
family had escaped to a place of shelter, but I did not know it. 
The house was perfectly still. Under these circumstances, I 
heard a deep, distant explosion, and I perceived a gentle 
tremour in the chamber." Mr. Bronte considered this 'earth- 
quake ' as a monitor to turn sinners from the error of their 
ways. The children referred to were the four youngest, as 
Maria and Elizabeth had been taken to Cowan Bridge School 
a few weeks previously. 

The view from the mountain ridges presents a wild and 
rugged country seldom traversed by the tourist, but abounding 
in beautiful and picturesque scenery. Miss Bronte's word- 
pictures of these purplc-heathered moorlands and upland 
valleys will be familiar to most readers. Here the geologist, 
in particular, may find ample interest. The millstone grit, 
the Cobling coal pit, the cold springs, the lateral valleys, 
the scattered boulders each has a history for him. He traces 
the cold water to the hidden reservoir, the formation of the 
valleys to the remote glacial period, the coal to some great 
dislocation, and so on. Miss Bronte gives a vivid and truthful 
description of the scenery about Haworth and Stanbury: 
"lu winter nothing more dreary, in summer nothing more 




T . PARKER. 



Past and Present. 163 

divine, than those glens shut in by hills, and those bluff, bold 
swells of heath." 

A few more names and our list closes. We have in the 
Stanbury district, Spring Dikes, Jarnel, Jarnel Washfold, 
Silver Hill (900 feet high), Churn Hole, Rushy Grough, Old 
Snap (residence of the HeatonB), Whitestone Clough, Ponden 
Slack (1100 feet high), Height Lathe, Clogger Wood, Ponden, 
Ponden Waters, Clough and Beck, Upper Ponden, Rush Isles, 
Round Intake, Slack, Far and Near Slacks, Birch Brink, 
Raven Rock, Robin Hood's Well, Ponden Kirk, Kirk Brink, 
Waterfalls, Heather Hole and Brink, Bracken Hill, Buckley, 
Buckley Green, Duke Top, Cony Garth, Cold Knole End, 
and Royds Hall, reaching Toller Lane again, which passes 
through Stanbury and Haworth. At Ponden Bridge is a 
cotton mill. Grift' Mill (worsted), completes this wild list. 

Sowdens is either 'south dean,' or the ' dean of the swine.' 
Ernshaw means 'eagle-wood.' Buckley is either named after 
the buck, or the Scandinavian btik, 'a beech tree.' Fosse 
indicates 'a swamp,' or 'ditch,' or 'waterfall.' Flaightis probably 
from the Anglo-Saxon, flet, 'flat.' Limersgate, and Goaten, 
and Kirkgate are allied to the Scandinavian (/at, ' a passage,' or 
'way.' Limers, I take to be carriers of lime, an important 
traffic often mentioned in connection with rights of road. 
Crumber means 'crooked land.' Hob is Scandinavian fora 
'rising eminence.' Bully Trees is probably Scandinavian also, 
from bol, ' a dwelling,' and ley, 'apasture.' Croft is Scandinavian, 
meaning 'a small field.' Kirk is from the same language, and 
means 'church.' Why applied to Ponden Kirk, I cannot say. 
Cam, in Scandinavian, means ' summit.' Conygarth in the same 
language, is the ' cony-yard.' Harbour is traced to the Scandin- 
avian bur, 'to dwell'; Griff to the Anglo-Saxon yrafe, 'a grove.' 
Pond-dene seems to explain itself, but Ripponden is traced to 
Ry burn dene. Silver Hill and Silver Dale in the Lake District, 
are said to be named after Solvar, a Norse leader, and this 
etymology seems to suit our Silver Hill equally as well. There 

K 



154 tiaworth: 

is a local tradition that, during the Scotch Rebellion, a large 
chest of silver was hid in the hill. 

Ponden House, about a mile and a half from Stanbury, 
has the following inscription over the door : "The old house 
(now standing) was built by Robert Heaton, for his son 
Michael, Anno Domini 1634. The old porch and peat house 
were built by his grandson, Robert Heaton, A.D. 1680. The 
present building was rebuilt by his descendant, R.H. 1801." 
The ruin caused by the Crow Hill disruption may here be 
traced. A fish-pond stands on a part of a swamped meadow, 
and huge stones are scattered about. 

The late Robert Heaton, Esq., had been shooting, with 
other gentlemen, 011 the moor a short time before the event 
took place, but hastened away for fear of an approaching 
storm. That part of the moor where the eruption occurred is 
at the present time exceedingly soft and boggy, but there has 
been no repetition of the phenomenon. 

At Ponden Kirk, as at Ripon Minster, a curious wedding 
ceremony is frequently observed. It consists in dragging 
one's-self through a crevice in the rock, the successful perform- 
ance of which betokens a speedy nuptial. Ponden Kirk 
consists of a ledge of high rocks, dry in summer, but forming 
a stupendous cataract after heavy rain. It was here that Mrs. 
Nicholls (Currer Bell) caught a severe cold shortly before her 
death. The place is now frequently called "Wuthering 
Heights." Apart from the association of such names as 
Crimlesworth and Oakden, fancy easih" ascribes a druidical 
settlement at the Kirk. 

Ponden Washfold presents an animated scene in the 
middle of June when hundreds of sheep are brought to be 
washed. 

CoNTROVEBSY ON THE DEMOLITION OF HAWORTH CHURCH. 

The following letter to the Standard, dated The Bull Inn, 
Ha worth, April 3rd, 1879, from a well-known writer, was the 
first discharge of public sentiment against the destruction of 



Past and Present. 155 

Haworth Church. Popular feeling had been pent up some 
time, and the aggressive attitude of those who might (with 
advantage) have been more conciliatory only tended to give 
greater weight to the explosion. 

"Haworth Church is doomed. A wealthy resident in 
this quaint little village has undertaken to contribute a 
handsome amount for its destruction, and for the erection 
on its site of one of those elegant modern Gothic edifices which, 
in his opinion, and from his point of view, will be, no 
doubt, more pleasing in outward appearance than the ancient 
weather-beaten and architecturally nondescript building which the 
three gifted daughters of Mr. Bronte have made so peculiarly their 
own. An effort has been made to save so interesting a parish church 
from destruction ; but that effort has apparently failed. The name 
of Charlotte Bronte has been invoked in vain, and there is little 
reason now to hope that we shall be spared the pain and the shame 
of an act of Vandalism which will be viewed with surprise and in- 
dignation in more than one quarter of the world." 

' ' The present incumbent of Haworth a Mr. Wade professes that 
he has no love for the name of Bronte, and will be heartily pleased 
if an end can be put to those pilgrimages of enthusiastic strangers by 
which the dismal calm of the old church is daily broken. To this 
Rev. Mr. Wade the name of Bronte is, as he says, nothing more than 
the name of his immediate predecessor in the incumbency of Haworth ! 
He stares in blank amazement when you tell him that it has any 
other claim upon his respect or consideration. Yet, I find to-day, aa 
I make inquiries here and there of the ' common people ' of Haworth, 
that they, at least, one and all, look forward with feelings of shame 
and indignation to the impending destruction of the grey old church, 
and the consequent removal of a shrine which furnishes the one 
claim of their sober village to a fame beyond that enjoyed by the other 
towns and hamlets of the West Hiding. It hardly surprises me to 
find that 1 have to ' dig deep ' in order to get at public sentiment 
on this subject. When Charlotte Bronte was still living, and when 
from yonder bleak and weather-beaten parsonage were issuing books 
which have added something to the wealth and glory of English litera- 
ture, it was not among the rich manufacturers or the local aristocracy 
that she found her admirers ; but it was the rough workmen of the 
little town, the members of the local ' Mechanics' Institution,' who, to 
use her own phrase, ' went crazy ' over ' Shirley ' and ' Jane 
Eyre.' Mr. Wade has insisted upon the removal of the Brontes' 
pew! That quaint 'square pew,' of a type now rapidly vanishing, 
had held more than one famous personage in the days when Currer 



156 Haworth: 

Bell was in her prime. Thackeray and Miss Martineau, and George 
Lewes, and many another distinguished author, might from time to 
time be seen here, listening to one of Mr. Bronte's vigorous sermons 
on the religion of common life and common sense. In one corner 
not a foot from the spot where her grave now is Charlotte Bronte 
had her own seat, and there, Sunday after Sunday, with undeviating 
regularity, she was to be seen, alike in the days of her obscurity and 
her fame, with her eyes fixed upon the book held within a few inches 
of her face, or upon the pulpit which father or husband occupied. 
In the opposite corner was Emily's seat, Emily sitting characteristi- 
cally with her back to the congregation, intent upon her own 
thoughts and upon the distant view through the window of those moors 
which she loved so passionately, rather than upon the utterances of 
the preacher. Well, the pew is gone. Was it in the way? No, not 
even that poor excuse can be made, for its site has been merely 
thrown into the aisle. It was swept away some years ago, 
so far as before the iconoclasts of the Bronte worship had 
dreamt of going to destroy the church itself. Ah ! well ; one 
can still stand at the altar where Charlotte stood on that 
early summer morning, when she gave her hand to the man who 
had loved her and served for her as long and faithfully as 
Jacob for Rachel. And standing there, looking at the little 
tablet with that long array of the names of the dead children 
of 'The Rev. P. Bronte, A.B., Minister of Haworth,' the lettering 
of which is already being obscured by time, one can still feel with 
awe and reverence that beneath our feet lie the two women who, 
with Mrs. Browning, 'make up for England the perfect trinity 
of highest female fame, ' to quote Mr. Swinburne's warm and gener- 
ous words. This satisfaction, I say, is still within our reach. But 
in a short time that also will be taken from us ; for surely in the 
brand new Gothic church of Haworth there will be no room for the 
memoiy, hardly any even for the bones, of the Bronte's. The Wades 
and such like personages will be enough to fill it ! The quaint old 
shrine, where so many generations of villagers have worshipped 
content, and which has been glorified by the presence of so rare and 
extraordinary a genius, and purified by the memory of a yet rarer 
virtue and courage, is doomed ; and the day of its disappearance will 
not now be long delayed. As soon as every vestige of the Bronte's 
has been cleared away, let us hope that he ma} 7 next get the living 
of Stratford-upon-Avon, where a good deal of useful clearing away 
of old rubbish- I'emains t6 be done. In Mr Bronte's time anyone 
who cared to visit it was welcome to see the little room, with its 
ugly paper, its simple furniture, its scanty collection of books. 
There, in their youth, Charlotte and her sisters had worked together, 



Past and Present. 157 

and there when fame, beyond anything she had ever dreamt of, bad 
come to the eldest, Charlotte sat alone and penned that most won- 
derful of all her works the record of her own soul's history 
' Vilette. ' But all this is changed now, and Mr Wade sets his face 
sternly against the admission of any stranger, however distinguished 
may be the name he bears, to the old home of the Brontes. It is a 
fact, which I write with shame, that among those who have been 
refused admission to the house is the daughter of the man who was 
Charlotte Brontes literary idol, and to whom 'Jane Eyre' was 
dedicated, Mr Thackeray. I will try not to be too hard upon the 
clergyman of Ha worth, however." 

The Standard in a leading article enquired : 

"Shall Haworth Church be destroyed? This we need hardly 
tell our readers is the question which engaged the attention of 
many correspondents whose letters have appeared in our columns 
during the past fortnight. What the answer returned to it has been 
will be known to all who have paid any attention to the correspond- 
ence. With hardly an exception, all who have addressed us upon 
the subject have uttered their strong and indignant protest against 
an act, which, if it should be carried out, must reflect grievously 
upon the taste, the culture, and the good feeling of the present 
generation. Judging by these letters and by the expressions of 
opinion which the original communication of our correspondent has 
evoked in other quarters, it cannot be doubted that the national 
sentiment has been shocked by the announcement that one of the 
most interesting memorials of real genius which our country possesses 
has been doomed to destruction. In these circumstances we do not 
hesitate to renew the protest we have already uttered, and to appeal 
directly to the two persons who are most immediately concerned in 
the proposed removal of Haworth Church Mr Wade, the incumbent 
of the parish, and his ecclesiastical superior, the Bishop of Ripon. 
We would ask those gentlemen whether they are prepared to persist 
in what at the very least must be described as an outrage upon public 
feeling, now that they know the sentiments which their proposal has 
evoked? We are well aware that the part of the Bishop in the 
matter is comparatively trivial. It was not from him that the original 
scheme for the pulling down of Haworth Church, and the erection of 
a new and more showy building, came. Yet if it be true, as our 
correspondents suggest, that he has thrown difficulties in the way of 
the retention of the present building, and has expressed his readiness 
to give his assent to its destruction, he must share with the Rev. 
Mr. Wade the responsibility for an act which will excite the amazed 
indignation of posterity, even as it has already drawn down upon us 



158 Haworth: 

the contemptuous sneers of foreign critics. " " It has been established 
by the testimony of those who are familiar with the spot, that there 
is no absolute necessity for the rebuilding of Haworth Church. It 
has stood for centuries, and if restored in a loyal arid reasonable, not 
an iconoclastic or barbarous spirit, it may stand for centuries longer. 
It is not, moreover, too small for the congregation which now 
worships in it. We are greatly mistaken, indeed, if the incumbent 
has experienced any difficulty in finding accommodation for those 
who are anxious to worship within the walls of the church, or to 
listen to his own discourses. It cannot, therefore, be said that there 
is any such pressing necessity for the removal of this weather-beaten 
and venerable monument of a great family the greatest family 
which even the broad county of Yorkshire has ever produced as 
would alone justify that proceeding. But even if it were to be 
granted that the comfort and convenience of Mr. Wade and a few of 
the 'aristocracy' of the village might be served by the erection of a 
new church, whose glittering newness should bravely outshine the 
sober glory of the time-worn edifice on behalf of which our corres- 
pondents have pleaded, we should like to ask if there would be any 
need in that case to pull down the older building? Can no site be 
found in that little hamlet, no spot on the moors which approach so 
nearly to the village street, where the new church could be erected, 
whilst the other was left standing on its doubly-consecrated 
foundations ? We have the authority of more than one local corres- 
pondent for the assertion that no difficulty would be found in 
providing such a site. We cannot doubt, indeed, that in order to 
save the old church from destruction a dozen sites, if necessary, 
would be offered. Let it be further borne in mind that popular 
feeling, even in Haworth itself, is decidedly against the proposed 
change." 

I am pleased to be able to state that the Bishop of Ripon 
did not place any difficulties in the way. This I have on the 
authority of a letter from his lordship. 

The Aberdeen Free Press said 

"So far, Mr Wemyss Reid's appeal has been fruitless, and his 
protest unheeded. The work of demolition will in all probability go 
on, and another memorial of genius will disappear from the land. 
This is too common an occurrence in England. When the cottage 
where Shakespeare was born was threatened, it required, if we 
mistake not, the enterprise and devotion of an American to keep 
intact that hallowed relic of the greatest genius the world has seen. 
Milton's house at AVestminster was demolished for business purposes; 
and the old church at Grasmere is to be ' restored '- -a work which 



Past and Present, 159 

will go far to break the ties which at present connect it with ' the 
man who uttered nothing base. ' But should not the Government 
interfere in such cases as these? " 

Major- General E. A. Green Emmott-Rawdon wrote to 
the Standard 

"I beg to thank you most sincerely for the admirable and most 
patriotic manner in which you have written regarding that most 
shameful act of vandalism exposed by your correspondent, and so 
ably handled in your leading article of the 9th of April the mis- 
chievous destruction of Haworth Church. Sir, I am deeply pained 
to see so little regard for old associations paid by the present genera- 
tion to the memory of the dead. The Bronte family in their dim 
obscurity and humble poverty were rich in all that makes one proud 
of being an Englishman or an Englishwoman ; and I appeal to you, 
sir, to do your utmost to stay the hand of the destroyer, and pre- 
serve to ' Old Haworth ' the memories that are so dear to it and 
its people its old church and its old Bronte associations. It is 
quite possible I may be charged with silly views of self-interest, 
because I succeeded to the ' Bull Hotel ' and most of the surrounding 
property, some years ago. But it is with regret that I have watched 
the remorseless way in which so many old monuments and memories 
have been destroyed in order to meet the notions of the present 
generation. I felt powerless, but now I have some hope that, as the 
Standard has taken us by the hand, we may yet be spared the 
extreme pain that awaits us. To add anything of my own after the 
excellent letter of your correspondent from the Bull, and your own 
conclusive leading article, would be indeed painting the lily." 

The Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings took 
up the matter early in the way of protest, but it was left to 
the Bradford Historical and Antiquarian Society to make a 
practical move in the matter. They obtained signatures to a 
memorial to the Bishop, got up a public meeting in Haworth, 
and (in the persons of the President and Vice-president) 
attended at the Consistory Court. 

The public meeting was held in the Drill Hall, May 28th, 
1879, Col. Ban-as, trustee of General Rawdon, in the chair. 
There were about 500 persons present. The Chairman 
expressed a hope that the church might not be demolished, 
and read letters from W. B. Ferrand, Esq., Lord of the Manor 
of Haworth, and Isaac Holden, Esq., both of whom deprecated 



160 Haworth : 

its demolition. Mr. Empsall, of Bradford, moved, and Mr. 
W. Greenwood, of Oxenhope, seconded the following resolution: 
That considering the history and antiquity of Haworth Church, 
it is the opinion of this meeting that the church ought not to be 
destroyed, but that every effort should be made to preserve it by 
judicious restoration or enlargement. 

Mr. G. S. Taylor, of Stanbury, moved, and Mr. Waite, 
schoolmaster, seconded an amendment: 

That this meeting desires to express its concurrence in the course 
taken by the Rev. J. Wade in regard to the noble offer of Mr. Merrall 
to give 5000. 

Dr. Maffey and Mr. Peterson, F.S.A., of Bradford, having 
spoken in favour of judicious restoration, the motion was 
carried by a large majority. The memorial from the general 
public was numerously signed, but that from Haworth had 
only half-a-dozen names. The spirit of independence quaked 
before local autocracy. 

Lord Houghton, Mr. John Hebb, London, Cuthbert Bede, 
and others kept the subject before the reading public. 

The following communication was addressed to the 
British Architect by Mr. James Ledingham, a Bradford 
architect 

"The storm raised by the announcement that Mr. Wade, th 
incumbent, backed by a wealthy parishioner, had decided to demolish 
the church so intimately connected with the history of one of Eng- 
land's greatest female novelists, gathers force as the unwelcome news 
travels. And the forcible appeal from the special correspondent of 
the >S(andardto the authorities has still further increased its violence, 
the fury of which we hope will only be assuaged by the withdrawal 
of a scheme which is obnoxious, not only to admirers of the Bronte 
family, but to all those who have reverence for the history of Eng- 
land as recorded in its ancient buildings. The claim which is made 
for the preservation of the building by the admirers of haunts of 
genius is one which has been sufficiently enforced elsewhere, and we 
need, therefore, not dwell upon it here, but pass at once to the 
interest which the church lias, not less to every cultured Englishman 
than to the antiquary. Crowning the hill side above the village, 
Haworth church forms a striking and picturesque feature in the 
landscape, its picturesque character not arising, however, from its 
form, but from its mass and surroundings. The general plan of the 



Past and Present. 161 

church is of a very ordinary form, and may be found dotted here and 
there over the land. A nave and north aisle, with a tower at the 
west end of tbe former, and containing a vestry, constitutes the 
plan ; there is no chancel, and the communion table is placed close 
against the east wall of the nave, enclosed by a somewhat massive 
balustraded oak communion rail. The aisle is separated from the 
nave by a very lofty arcade, and contains a gallery the full width of 
the aisle, the gallery being continuous across the west end of the 
nave. 

The Daily Telegraph said 

"Though the little church now bears no further trace of the 
Brontes than a small tablet on the chancel wall, in sight of the pew 
where they used to sit, yet the spirit of the family pervades the 
place. Indeed, for that matter, the entire building is not so much 
the parish church of Haworth as a memorial of those who made 
Haworth famous the world over. What, then, if it be ugly and 
inconvenient? What if, from an architectural point of view, its 
demolition be desirable? These considerations, and all others like 
them, are little to the purpose, since the public mind will insist on 
regarding the church as before all else a memorial. We have no 
desire to impugn the motives of those who contemplate the destruc- 
tion of the edifice. Doubtless they mean well, and, dwelling on the 
spot, think more of what the churcli should be to the parishioners 
than of what it is to the world. But they must not expect to have 
their way unchallenged. Emily, Anne, and Charlotte Bronte made 
the edifice in which their father ministered the property of the entire 
Anglo-Saxon race, and those who, for local and narrow reasons, 
would destroy it will surely be called to account. If Haworth needs 
a larger building Haworth can have it by appealing to the tens of 
thousands who, grateful to the authors of 'Jane Eyre' and 
4 Wuthering Heights,' would cheerfully subscribe to a new church 
on another site provided the old one were spared. 

The Editor of a Skipton paper, and an anonymous corres- 
pondent in the Bradford Observer, were about the solitary dis- 
sentients from the popular view. The Observer gave also Mr. 
Wade's defence. 

The Rev. J. Wade, M.A., before commencing his sermon on 
Sunday morning, defended the proposed rebuilding of Haworth 
Church. He said a statement had been made to the effect that he 
had been in consultation with the Bishop of the diocese witli refer- 
ence to the proposed new church. It was true that he had been in 
consultation with the Bishop, and had received his Lordship's 



162 Haworth: 

approval of everything that had been clone and all that was intended 
to be done in respect to the building in which they were assembled. 
He had told his Lordship that whatever was his wish in the matter 
he would endeavour to carry out, and his Lordship said that he had 
done perfectly right so far in keeping silence, under so much abuse 
and reviling, in the spirit of Him who when He was reviled reviled 
not again. His (Mr. Wade's) duty in that parish was not to main- 
tain a show-place for strangers, but a house of prayer for the praise 
of God. That, he would endeavour steadily to keep in his mind. So 
far as he was concerned, he had received from the husband of 
Charlotte Bronte (the Kev. Mr. Nicholls), and the only living 
relative so far as he knew, his entire approval of what was proposed 
to be done, so that there was now no further question that the 
Bronte family would object. He might say that Mr. Nicholls was 
the person who raised the simple memorial in the church to the 
memory of the gifted family ; no other person, so far as he was aware 
had subscribed to the raising of that memorial. When the new 
church was built there should be raised some new memorial some 
splendid memorial if they could manage it within the building over 
the spot where the remains of Charlotte Bronte were deposited. It 
would be the care of himself and the churchwardens to see that those 
remains were in no way disturbed during the building of the new 
church. He honoured her as much as any of those who loved the 
house of prayer, but he did not wish them to have any idolatrous 
wish or feeling for the genius who was once in that house of prayer. 
He might say that there was not a single pew in the church at the 
disposal of the churchwardens, and had not been for many years, 
except of those families who had left the parish, and he had had 
many times to refuse both Dissenters and Churchpeople because 
there were no pews except those which were claimed by the Sunday 
school and the regular attenders of the church. 

Application was made for a faculty to take down and 
rebuild Haworth Church, at the Consistory Court, Ripon, 
June 19th, 1879. General Emraott-Rawdon, who had offered 
a site for a new edifice, was present. Mr. Tomlin, solicitor, 
appeared for the Rev. John Wade, M.A. ; Messrs. G. and G. 
H. Merrall, churchwardens ; Michael and Edwin Robinson 
Merrall, two of the principal parishioners. Mr. Michael Ogden, 
of Haworth, expressed his belief that the Church people of 
Hawortb desired that the Church should come down. No 
parishioner appearing to oppose the faculty, it was granted. 



Past and Present. 163 

The last eflusion of the Press I have noticed on the sub- 
ject is as acrimonious us the first. It is from the Kcrnimj 
Standard. 

HAWOKTH CHURCH. The Goths have won the victory, and a 
spot dear to all intellectual Englishmen is to be demolished. 
Haworth Church is to be pulled down, and a new structure is to be 
raised in its place. The pleas raised in its behalf have failed, and 
the fact that the new church might have been built hard by, and the 
place sacred to the memory of one of the most gifted families of our 
race left to stand, was urged in vain. The Vandal party, indeed, did 
not care to dispute. They had money and they had the law, and 
cared no more for the sentiment and the association of the old fane 
than does an Arab who builds his sheepfold with the stones from a 
grand temple of antiquity. People of taste, people of heart, through- 
out not only England, but the United States, will feel a pang of 
anger and sorrow on hearing that at the Consistory Court of the 
Cathedral at Kipon a faculty to pull down the fabric of Haworth 
Church was granted, in spite of the protests which were made 
against it. It may be that the Consistory Court had no power to 
refuse the faculty, any more than the Mayor of Stratford-on-Avon 
could have prevented the owner of the house in which Shakspeare 
was born from pulling it down and building a new stucco shop in its 
place. It is not the Court, which only had to administer the law, 
which is to be blamed. It is the persons who, having the power to 
erect a new church and to allow the fabric dear to all educated men 
of Anglo-Saxon blood to stand, have deliberately chosen to perpetrate 
the Vandalism of its destruction. The name of the man who burnt 
the Alexandrian Library is lost, but the names of those who are 
about to destroy the shrine sacred to the memory of the Brontes \\ ill 
not easily be forgotten by Englishmen. 

Mr. Bret Harte, the great American humorist, writing to 
a gentleman who accompanied him on his recent visit to the 
"shrine of the Brontes," said: 

"Rest assured, I have not forgotten a single incident of our 
pleasant trip to Haworth. As a shrine-breaking American citizen, I 
suppose I ought to go in for change., under the name of improvement 
and rebuikfintf ; but if any word of mine could keep the old Church 
intact could fix for ever to posterity its grim, hard unloveliness ; 
could perpetuate the old churchyard, sacred to unhallowed 
mediocrity ; could preserve the religious discipline of those uncom- 
fortable stiff-backed pews ; could secure a mortgage on that bleak, 
lonely, outlying moor beyond the weary, clambering prospector's 



164 Haicorth: 

hilly street and unsympathetic inn ; could retain the grim, confining, 
limited atmosphere in which those sad sisters lived, and in which 
Charlotte's genius was developed -I'd say it, and make myself a 
little clearer than I do now. The Church is not picturesque, nor 
characteristic, I suppose; but I am inclined to believe that the 
cradle of genius seldom is the one or the other." 

The controversy ended in June ; tenders for the demolition 
and rebuilding of the Church (the tower is to remain,) were 
invited in August, the last sermon was preached on the 14th 
of September, and shortly Haworth will have a new 
Church, the plans of which were prepared by Messrs. Healey, 
of Bradford, in November, 1878. 

AUTHORS. 

The publications of the Rev. Robert Town, Rev. J. Hart- 
ley, Rev. W. Grimshaw, Rev. I. Slee, Rev. Joshua Fawcett, 
Rev. James Whalley, and the Rev. P. Bronte have been already 
referred to. 

We have left Joseph Hardaker's Poems and those of the 
Bronte sisters until the last. 

Two other authors must be named : 
A. C. SWINBURNE "A note on Charlotte Bronte." pp. 
97. 1877. Chatto and Windus, Piccadilly. He concludes his 
eloquent note "It may well be that in the eyes of English- 
men yet unborn not one will be found to have left a nobler 
memorial, than the unforgotten life and the imperishable works 
of Charlotte Bronte." 

J. WEMYSS REID "Charlotte Bronte A Monograph, 
pp. 236. Macmillan & Co. 

This is a worthy supplement to Mrs. Gaskell's 'Life,' 
correcting some of her errors, and further elucidating the 
character of the Brontes. He states that Mr. Bronte was 
named Prunty until he changed it on the suggestion of the 
Rev. Thomas Tighe. The book is well illustrated, four of the 
views represent scenes in Shirley, &c. 

The Yorkshir eman, in a series of articles on the Brontes, 
has the remark "In time we shall have a formidable Bronte 



Past and Present. 105 

literature. It grows year by year." One of the last refer- 
ences I met with wus in Xotm and Qncrictt, where a relative of 
the Rev. Thomas Tighe states that Patrick Prunty was not a 
tutor in Mr. Tighe's family, hut had a school in his parish. 
Mr. Grundy's "Pictures of the Past" contains a chapter on 
Branwell Bronte 

"Poor, brilliant, gay, moody, moping, wildly excitable, miser- 
able Bronti' ! No history records your many struggles after the 
good, your wit, brilliance, attractiveness, eagerness for excitement, 
--all the qualities which made you such 'good company,' and 
dragged you down to an untimely grave. But you have had a most 
unnecessary scandal heaped upon you by the author of your sister's 
J'lnijrajyhy, which that scandal does its best to spoil. Thi? generous 
gentleman in all his ideas, this madman in many of his acts, died at 
twenty-eight of grief for a woman. But at twenty-two, what a 
Splendid specimen of brain-power running wild he was ! AVhat 
glorious talent he had still to waste ! That Hector of Haworth little 
knew how to bring up and bring out his clever family, and the boy 
least of all. He was a hard, matter-of-fact man. So the girls 
worked their own way to fame and death, and the boy to death only ! 
I knew them all. The father, upright, handsome, distantly cour- 
teous, white-haired, tall; knowing me as his son's friend, he would 
treat me in the grandisonian fashion, coming himself down to the 
little inn to invite me, a boy, up to his house, where I would be 
coldly uncomfortable until I could escape with Patrick Branwell to 
the moors. 

"The daughters distant and distrait, large of nose, small of 
figure, red of hair, prominent of spectacles; showing great intellectual 
development, but with eyes constantly cast down, very silent, pain- 
fully retiring. This was about the time of their first literary 
adventure, 1 suppose say 1843 or 1844. Branwell was very like 
them, almost insignificantly small one of his life's trials. He had 
a mass of red hair, which he wore brushed high off his forehead, to 
help his height, I fancy ; a great, bumpy, intellectual forehead, 
nearly half the size of the whole facial contour ; small ferrety eyes, 
deep sunk, and still further hidden by the never-removed spectacles; 
prominent nose, but weak lower features. He had a downcast look, 
which never varied, save for a rapid momentary glance at long 
intervals. Small and thin of person, he was the reverse of attractive 
at first sight. This plain specimen of humanity, who died unhon- 
oured, might have made the world of literature and art ring with the 
name of which he was so proud. He one day sketched a likeness of 



166 Haicortk : 

me, which my mother kept until her death, and which is perhaps 
treasured in a more moderate manner among my sisterhood now. 
He wrote a poem called 'Bronte,' illustrative of the life of Nelson, 
which, at his special request, I submitted for criticism to Leigh 
Hunt, Miss Martineau, and others. All spoke in high terms of it." 
"One very important statement which he made to me throws 
some light upon a question which I observe has long vexed critics ; 
that is the authorship of Wutlierinrj Heights. It is well-nigh 
incredible that a book so marvellous in its strength, and in its dis- 
section of the most morbid passions of diseased minds, could have 
been written by a young girl like Emily Bronte, who never saw much 
of the world, or knew much of mankind, and whose studies of life 
and character, if they are entirely her own, must have been chiefly 
evolved from her own imagination. Patrick Bronte declared to me, 
and what his sister said bore out the assertion, that he wrote a great 
portion of Wuthering Heights himself. Indeed, it is impossible for 
me to read that story without meeting with many passages which I 
feel certain must have come from his pen. The weird fancies of 
diseased genius with which he used to entertain me in our long talks 
at Luddendenfoot, reappear in the pages of the novel, and I am in- 
clined to believe that the very plot was his invention rather than 
his sister's." 

In a letter to Mr. Grundy, he writes 
"I have lain during nine long weeks utterly shattered in body 
and broken down in mind. The probability of her becoming free to 
give me herself and estate never rose to drive away the prospect of 
her decline under her present grief. I dreaded, too, the wreck of 
my mind and body, which, God knows, during a short life have 
been severely tried. Eleven continuous nights of sleepless horror 
reduced me to almost blindness, and being taken into Wales to 
recover, the sweet scenery, the sea, the sound of music caused me 
fits of unspeakable distress. You will say, 'What a fool!' but if you 
knew the many causes I have for sorrow which I cannot even hint at 
here, you would perhaps pity as well as blame. At the kind request 
of Mr. Macaulay and Mr. Baines, I have striven to arouse my mind 
by writing something worthy of being read, but I i-eally cannot 
do so." 

The tragic force of these confessions is intense. In a later letter 
he tells Mr. Grundy that the gentleman with whom he had been is 
dead. "His property," he says, "is left in trust for the family, 
provided I do not see the widow ; and if I do it reverts to the execu- 
ting trustees, with ruin to her. She is now distracted with sorrows 
and agonies ; and the statement of her case, as given by her coach- 



Past and Present. 167 

man, who has come to see me at Haworth, fills me with inexpres- 
sible grief. Her mind is distracted to the verge of insanit)', and 
mine is so wearied that I wish I were in my grave." 

Mr. Grundy was then at work at Skipton, and from thence he 
went to Haworth to see Branwell. In the cosy parlour of the Black 
Bull Mr Grundy sat and awaited Brauwell's corning. Old Mr Bronte 
came down tirst, and informed Mr Grundy that Branwell was in bed 
when Mr Grundy's message arrived, that for the last few days he 
had been almost too weak to leave it but he had insisted on coming 
and would be there immediately. With that, Mr. Bronte left, and 
shortly afterwards "the door opened cautiously and a head appeared. 
It was a mass of red, unkempt, uncut hair, wildly floating round a 
great gaunt forehead ; the cheeks yellow and hollow, the mouth fal- 
len, the thin white lips not trembling but shaking, the sunken eyes, 
once small, now glaring with the light of madness, all told the sad 
tale too surely." When at last I was compelled to leave, he quietly 
drew from his coat sleeve a curving knife, placed it on the table, and 
holding me by both hands, said that, having given up all thoughts of 
ever seeing me again, lie imagined when my message came that it 
was a call from Satan. Dressing himself, he took the knife, which 
he had long had secreted, and came to the inn, with a full determina- 
tion to rush into the room and stab the occupant. In the excited 
state of his mind he did not recognise me when he opened the door, 
but my voice and manner conquered him, and 'brought him home to 
himself,' as he expressed it. I left him standing bare-headed in the 
road, with bowed form and dropping tears. A few days afterwards 
he died." 

The AtlieiHcum remarks 

Mr. Grundy svishes to whitewash the memory of his friend, who 
has been, as he thinks, unjustly assailed in Mrs. Gaskell's Life of his 
sister Charlotte ; but the portrait he gives of Patrick, though drawn 
in an eminently friendly spirit, is anything but attractive. He 
describes the young man's conversation as being extremely vivid and 
original, and his practical versatility as being little short of miracu- 
lous; but he confesses that Patrick was "as great a scamp as could 
be desired." 

It is impossible to allow one statement contained in Mr. Gruu- 
dy's book to go unexamined and unchallenged. He states, and we 
have no doubt that his memory is perfectly correct, that Patrick 
Bronte told him that he wrote a great portion of 'Wutbering 
Heights,' and that he inferred that the whole plot was Patrick's. It 
is to be hoped no critics of the sensational school will allow them- 
selves to be deceived by this statement. That the great and tragic 



168 Haicorth: 

novel in question was the work of one single writer, and that that 
writer was the same passionate and Titanic genius who wrote the 
poems signed by Emily Bronte, no sane critic can for a moment 
doubt, nor should we waver if a hundred asseverations to the contrary 
were forthcoming. It would have been impossible for the weak and 
vicious Patrick, with all his versatility and his flashes of brilliance, 
to write those successive scenes of concentrated force with which, as 
with plates of ringing metal, Emily Bronte constructs her sonorous 
romance. 'Wuthering Heights' was as much the outcome of her 
noble genius as the wretched verses Mr. Grundy quotes are character- 
istic of her brother's feeble and fluctuating talent. His statement 
that he wrote the greater portion of 'Wutheriug Heights' will be 
instantly rejected by any one who considers the purely conversational 
and social nature of his gifts, and the sullen integrity of Emily's 
character. She would not have endured for a moment to be called 
the author of a book which she knew she had no claim to consider 
hers. The only trace that Patrick Bronte has left in literature, it is 
to be feared, must be looked for in the gloomy pages of his sister Anne's 
study in alcoholic pathology. 

The kind wish of a friend to soften the horrors of the past is, 
unfortunately, self-frustrated by the publication of certain letters, 
written by Patrick Bronte to Mr. Grundy in 1845 and 1848. They 
are very distressing, and, while they move the pity of the reader, 
they display the contemptible spectacle of a clever mind denuded of 
its last rags of principle and attempting to conceal its absolute moral 
callousness under a pretence of remorse. 

William Dearden ("Oakendale,") many years ago wrote 
a long letter to the Halifax Guardian in which he asserted 
that Branwell read to him and Mr. Leyland a fragment of 
"Wuthering Heights" as his own production, and only 
recently, D. McB., in the Leeds Times, stated that Branwell 
read to him the plot of "Shirley" as his own. The latter 
assertion received the silent sneer it deserved. Indeed the 
wordings of the two letters were so similar (as <?. //., 'he took 
from his hat, the usual receptacle ' ) that a little plagiarism 
suggested itself. 

Martha Brown is not alone in her indignation. "Was 
Mr. Branwell able to do it '? Would Miss Emily, of all people 
condescend to such meanness ? Who knew so well as Miss 
Charlotte? Haven't I seen Miss Emily at her writing?" 



Past and Present. 169 

Miss Emily was a strange character. The dog scenes in 
"Shirley," in Mrs. Gaskell's "Life," and in Mr. Reid's 
"Monograph," show her undaunted courage. She made a 
capital sketch of her favourite "Keeper," dated, April 24th, 
1888, signed "Emily Jane Bronte." It is now in the 
possession of Miss Brooksbank, Bradford. The following is 
an accurate copy, hy "Ant." 







' KEEPER." 

A chastisement she gave the animal is narrated by Mrs. 
Gaskell. He had been lying on the best bed. 

"She went up stairs, and Tabby and Charlotte stood in the 
gloomy passage below, full of the dark shadows of coming night. 
Downstairs came Emily dragging after her the unwilling 'Keeper,' 
his hind legs set in a heavy attitude of resistance, held by the ' scuft 
of his neck,' but growling low and savagely. The watchers would 
fain have spoken but durst not for fear of taking off Emily's attention 
and causing her to avert her head for a moment from the enraged 
brute. She let him go, planted in a dark corner at the bottom of the 
stairs; no time was there to fetch stick or rod, for fear of the 
strangling clutch at her throat her bare clenched fist struck against 
his red fierce eyes before he had time to make his spring, and, in the 
language on the turf, she 'punished him' till his eyes were swollen 
up, and the half-blind, stupefied beast was led to his accustomed lair, 
to have his swollen head fomented and cared for by the very Emily 
herself. The generous dog owed her no grudge ; he loved her dearly 
ever after ; he walked first among the mourners to her funeral ; he 
slept moaning for nights at the door of her empty room ; and never, 
so to speak, rejoiced, dog fashion, after her death." 

L 



170 Hawortli : 

Our picture of the Brontt- group is a faithful reproduction 
of Mr. Branwell's painting of himself and sisters. I am told 
the features of his Bisters are represented accurately, but his 
own are not good. Anne is on Branwell's left, Charlotte on the 
right, and Emily to the right of Charlotte. 

I have seen two large paintings by Branwell, of Martha 
Brown's father and uncle, but they lack finish. Miss Brown 
has freehand drawings by each of the four children. 

The following lines are taken from " The Cottage in the 
Wood; or, the Art of becoming Rich and Happy. By the 
Rev P. Bronte, A.B., Minister of Thornton, Bradford," a 
little 12 mo. of 69 pages, with frontispiece. Second edition, 
Inkersley, Bradford, 1818. 

This little book is just the one to fascinate an intelligent child, 
and must have had some influence on the minds of the little Bronte's. 
Mary, the beloved and only daughter at the Cottage, is described in 
the following strain: "Her expressive features were agreeable, 
rather than beautiful, borrowing their sweetest charms from the 
pious endowments of her mind. Though she had none of that 
unmeaning artificial polish, which so many affect, and so few admire, 
she possessed something far more irresistibly pleasing ; she obtained 
from religion what art could never bestow that sweet Christian 
courtesy which springs from unfeigned love to God and His creatures. 
This divine principle shone in her looks, and gave a matchless grace 
to all her words and actions. The dove that cooed in the trees 
around her was not more harmless than she, nor was the serpent 
that lurked in the brambles beneath, more wise. Such were the 
dignified simplicity of her manners, and the weight of her sayings, 
that whilst piety and virtue were encouraged, folly and vice stood 
abashed in her presence." 

ON MARY BOWER. 

"Is there a daughter kind and good, 
Who ne'er a parent's wish withstood, 
Whose sweetest task, whose daily food, 

Is to obey ; 
Let her peruse, and to a flood 

Of tears give way. 



Past and Present. 171 

Is there a wife, fond, true, and fair, 

Whose bosom never knows a care, 

Save what her husband's weal moves there ; 

Let her bemoan, 
A sister dead ; whom reptiles share 

Beneath this stone. 

Is there a mother, whose kind heart, 
When her lov'd babes, from right depart ; 
Inflicts the rod, yet feels the smart, 

Let her draw nigh, 
And all her fondest cai'es impart 

And heave a sigh. 

Is there a lovely, guileless maid, 

Whose case demands sweet counsel's aid ; 

Here let her wand'ring feet be stay'd, 

In sorrow free : 
A bright example lowly laid, 

Says "Follow me." 

Let all the truly good and wise, 
Who knowledge, truth, religion, prize, 
With aching hearts, and tearful eyes, 

For Mary, mourn ; 
For hence she's fled beyond the skies, 

Ne'er to return. 

But, why weep o'er her senseless clay, 
Whose soul now basks in endless day ! 
Go, reader go she points the way, 

To joys above, 
Where death, and hell, ne'er couch for prey, 

And God is love." 

I have preserved the punctuation as in the original. 
Another poem of 119 lines is in blank verse. Mr. Abraham 
Holroyd, Bradford, reprinted the prose portion, by permission 
of Mr. Bronte, in 1859. 16 pages. In 1811, Mr. Bronte 
published " Cottage Poems," 12 mo., Halifax, and in 1818, 
"The Rural Minstrel, a Miscellany of Descriptive Poems." 
Here is an extract from the 

HAPPY COTTAGERS. 

The table-cloth, though coarse, 

Was of a snowy white, 



172 Ilaworth: 

The vessels, spoons and knives, 

Were clean and dazzling bright : 
So down we sat devoid of care, 
Nor envied Kings their dainty fare. 

When nature was refresh'd, 

And we familiar grown ; 

The good old man exclaim'd, 
"Around Jehovah's throne, 
Come, let us all our voices raise, 
And sing our great Redeemer's praise." 

Their artless notes were sweet, 

Grace ran through evei-y line ; 

Their breasts with rapture swell'd, 

Their looks were all divine : 
Delight o'er all my senses stole, 
And heaven's pure joy overwhelm'd my soul. 

In his preface to the Cottcuje Poems he remarks: "When 
relieved from his clerical avocations, he was occupied in writ- 
ing his Poems from morning till noon, and from noon till 
night ; his employment was full of real indescribable pleasure 
such as he could wish to taste as long as life lasts." From 
the Winter Night Meditations we cull : 

"Where Sin abounds Religion dies, 
And Virtue seeks her native skies ; 
Chaste Conscience hides for very shame, 
And Honour's but an empty name ! 
Then like a flood with fearful din 
A gloomy host comes pouring in ; 
First, Bribery with her golden shield, 
Leads smooth Corruption o'er the field ; 
Dissention, wild with brandished spear, 
And Anarchy brings up the rear ; 
Whilst Care, and Sorrow, Grief and Pain, 
Run howling o'er the bloody plain." 

"O thou whose power resistless fills 
The boundless whole, avert those ills 
We richly merit ; purge away 
The sins which on our vitals prey ; 
Protect with thine Almighty shield 
Our conquering arms, by flood, and field, 



Past and Present. 178 

Bring round the time when peace shall smile, 
O'er Britain's highly favoured Isle." 

The following is taken from The Rural Minstrel: 

\\ I XTER. 

See ! how the Winter's howling storms 
Burst forth, in all their awful forms, 

And hollow frightful sound ! 
The frost is keen, the wind is high, 
The snow falls drifting from the sky, 
Fast whitening all around. 

The muffled sun withdraws his light, 
And leaves the cheerless world, to-night, 

And all her gloomy train : 
Still louder roars the savage blast, 
The frowning shades are thickening fast, 

And darker scowls the plain ! 
* * * 

Though adverse winds should fiercely blow, 
Or heave the breast with sorrow's throe, 

Or death stand threatening by ; 
Blessed is the man and free from harm 
O'er whom is stretched His saving arm, 

Who peerless reigns on high. 

Mr. Bronte had probably several fugitive pieces. One 
such was reprinted in the Bradfordian, 1861. It is dated, 
Haworth, 1835. 

ON HALLEY'S COMET : 183o. 
Our blazing guest, long have you been, 
To us, and many more, unseen ; 
Full seventy years have passed away 
Since last we saw you, fresh and guy. 
Time seems to do you little wrong, 
As yet you sweep the sky along, 
A thousand times more glib and fast 
Than railroad speed or sweeping blast. 

And so on for a hundred lines, but, as comets are difficult 
to follow, we must leave the rest. 

CHARLOTTE BRONTE. Mr. Holroyd, in his " Garland of 
Poetry," gives the following Hues by his friend, Benjamin 
Preston, of Eldwick, 



174 



Hawortn : 



ON THE DEATH OF CURRER BELL. 

' ' Those near her attempted to cheer her by the thought of the 
new life which she bore under her heart. ' I dare say I shall be 
happy sometime, ' she would reply, ' but I am so ill, so weary ! ' " 
Mrs. GaskeWs "Life." 




CHARLOTTE BKONIE 

Ear and eye grew weary, weary, 
Weary even of life and light : 
Weary, weary, oh ! how weary ! 
Days and nights of pain and blight: 
Sweet to her the dreamless slumber 
< )f the never-ending night. 

Bathed in tears, with blessings laden, 
Pillowed on her husband's breast, 
Slowly, slowly, as the day-god, 
Sank she to her solemn rest: 
And a sadness o'er our spirits, 
Full like night-clouds o'er the west. 

Mournfully wu gather'd round her, 
Kibs'd tlio brow, and clasp'd the hand 



Past and Present. 175 

For we knew her heavenly Father 
Call'd her to the Better Land. 
Upward went she, for her spirit 
Flew to join the ransom'd band. 

The following are added as specimens of Miss Bronte's 
poetry. 

EVENING SOLACE. 

The human heart has hidden treasures, 

In secret kept, in silence sealed ; 

The thoughts, the hopes, the dreams, the pleasures, 

Whose charms were broken if revealed. 

And days may pass in gay confusion, 

And nights in rosy riot fly, 

While lost in fame's or wealth's illusion, 

The memory of the past may die. 

" But there are hours of lonely musing, 
Such as in evening silence come, 
When, soft as birds their pinions closing, 
The heart's best feelings gather home. 
Then in our souls there seems to languish 
A tender grief that is not woe ; 
And thoughts that once wrung groans of anguish, 
Now cause but some mild tears to flow. 

And feelings, once as strong as passions, 

Float softly back a faded dream ; 

Our own sharp griefs and wild sensations, 

The tale of others' sufferings seem. 

Oh ! when the heart is freshly bleeding, 

How longs it for that time to be, 

When through the mist of years receding, 

Its woes but live in reverie. 

And it can dwell on moonlight glimmer, 

On evening shade and loneliness ; 

And, while the sky grows dim and dimmer, 

Feel no untold and strange distress 

Only a deeper impulse given, 

By lonely hour and darkened room, 

To solemn thoughts that soar to heaven, 

Seeking a life and world to come. 



176 Haicorth : 

IN MEMORIAM: CHARLOTTE BRONTE. 



All day across the purple heath 
Fell ceaseless lines of wintry rain, 
And all the valley-town beneath 
Was mist-hid save the belfry vane. 

It rained until the mirk came down 

An hour before its wonted time, 

And gleams of light crept through the town, 

Which flickered out ere midnight chime. 

Across the casement yet a-light, 
A shadow, like a pulse-beat, passed 
Out from the fire-light to the night, 
As 'twere the house-heart throbbing fast. 

A halcyon sunlit time of love 
Is coming to you, lonely heart ! 
And you shall prize it, though it prove 
A bitter-sweet, ere you depart. 

* * * * 

While o'er the land, whoe'er has known 
The glowing words thy hand hath penned, 
Shall name thee in a softer tone, 
And feel as they had lost a friend. ANON. 

EMILY BRONTE. In an attack of home-sickness when at 
Brussels, Miss Emily Bronte composed the following grand 
description of her moorland home. 

There is a spot, mid barren hills, 
Where winter howls, and driving rain ; 
But, if the dreary tempest chills, 
There is a light that warms again. 

The house is old, the trees are bare, 
Moonless above bends twilight's dome ; 
But what on earth is half so dear 
So longed for as the hearth of home? 



Past and Present. 177 

The mute bird sitting on the stone, 

The dank moss dripping from the wall, 

The thorn-trees gaunt, the walks o'ergrown, . 

I love them, how I love them all ! 

A little and a lone green lane 
That opened on a common wide ; 
A distant, dreamy, dim, blue chain 
Of mountains circling every side. 

A heaven so clear, an earth so calm, 
So sweet, so soft, so hush'd an air, 
And deepening still the dream-like charm, 
"Wild moor-sheep feeding everywhere. 

That was the scene, I knew it well ; 
I knew the turfy pathway's sweep, 
That, winding o'er each billowy swell, 
Marked out the tracks of wandering sheep. 

ANNE BRONTE. "The home of the Bronte children must 
have been a delightful retreat to them ; for we find many proofs 
in their writings that they loved it dearly. Bleak and lonely in 
winter, in summer it was surrounded with brown heath, and 
blazing blossom, and nature laid before their eyes all her varied 
beauty and wild majesty. No wonder that Anne should write 
as below, when toiling as a governess far away amongst 
strangers." Holroyd's Garland. 

THE CONSOLATION. 

Though bleak these woods, and damp the ground, 
With fallen leaves so thickly strewn, 
And cold the wind that wanders round 
With wild and melancholy moan ; 

There is a friendly roof, I know, 
Might shield IMP from the wintry blast; 
There is a tire, whose ruddy glow 
Will cheer me for my wanderings past. 

And so, though still where'er I go 
< 'old stranger-plances meet my eye; 
Though, when my spirit sinks in woe, 
Unheeded swells the unbidden sigh. 



178 Haworth: 

Though solitude, endured too long, 
Bids youthful joys too soon decay, 
Makes mirth a stranger to my tongue, 
And overclouds my noon of day ; 

When kindly thoughts that would have way, 
Flow back, discouraged, to my breast ; 
I know there is, though far away, 
A home where heart and soul may rest. 

Warm hands are there, that, clasped in mine, 
The warmer heart will not belie ; 
While mirth, and truth, and friendship shine 
In smiling lip and earnest eye. 

The ice that gathers round my heart 
May there be thawed; and sweetly, then, 
The joys of youth, that now depart, 
Will come to cheer my soul again. 

Though far I roam, that thought shall be 
My hope, my comfort everywhere ; 
While such a home remains to me, 
My heart shall never know despair. 

Her "Word to the Elect" shows that theological subjects 
were not ignored by her, and her impressions on a subject that 
has commanded general attention during the past six years. 

That none deserve eternal bliss I know ; 

Unmerited the grace in mercy given ; 

But none shall sink to everlasting woe 

That hath not well deserved the wrath of Heaven. 

And oh ! there lives within my heart 
A hope long nursed by me ; 
(And should its cheering ray depart, 
How dark my soul would be !) 

That, as in Adam ALL have died, 
In Christ shall ALL men live ; 
And ever round his throne abide, 
Eternal praise to give. 

That even the wicked shall at last 
Be fitted for the skies, 
And when the dreadful doom is past 
To life and light arise. 



Past and Present. 179 

I ask not how remote the day, 
Nor what the sinners' woe, 
Before their dross is purged away ; 
Enough for me to know, 

That when the cup of wrath is drained, 
The metal purified, 

They'll cling to what they once disdained, 
And live by Him that died. 

Charlotte writes "As I have given the last memento 
of my sister Emily, I also give that of Anne." 

RESIGNATION. 

I hoped that with the brave and strong 
My portioned lot might lie, 
To toil among the busy throng, 
With purpose pure and high. 

But God has fixed another part, 
And he has fixed it well ; 
I said so with my bleeding heart 
When first the anguish fell. 

Thou, God, hast taken our delight, 

Our treasured hope away ; 

Thou bidst us now weep through the night, 

And sorrow through the day. 

These weary hours will not be lost, 
These days of misery, 
These nights of darkness, anguish tost, 
Can I but turn to Thee. 

With secret labour to sustain 
In humble patience every blow ; 
To gather fortitude from pain, 
And hope and happiness from woe. 

Then let me serve Thee from my heart, 
Whatever be my written fate, 
Whether thus early to depart, 
Or yet a little while to wait. 

If thou should'st bring me back to life, 
More humbled I should be, 
Move wise, more strengthen'd for the strife, 
More apt to lean oil Thee. 



180 Haivorth : 

Should death be standing at the gate; 
Thus should I keep my vow ; 
But, Lord ! whatever be my fate, 
let me serve Thee now ! 

"These lines written, the desk was closed, the pen laid 
aside for ever." 

JOSEPH HAKDAKER claims more than a passing notice as 
a gifted Haworthite. He published, in 1822, "Poems, Lyric 
and Moral," printed by Mr. Inkersley, Bradford. In 1830, 
" The Aeropteron: or Steam Carriage," issued from Mr. Aked's 
press at Keighley, and the year following Mr. Crabtree, of 
Keighley, printed for him " The Bridal of Tomar, and other 
Poems." He is said to have tried almost every sect of 
religionists, and finally became a Roman Catholic, in which 
faith he died. 

The following is from his " Tour to Bolton Abbey" : 
There the old Abbey's gothic arches stand, 
Whose grey walls' tottering to the wild winds' nod, 
Marked with stern time's and desolation's hand, 
The sacred shade; the hallowed shrine of God. 
There, with affected gravity, the owl 
Sits pensive, hooting to the silvery moon, 
Till scar'd by morn from her nocturnal prowl, 
She shuns the radiance of the glorious sun. 

Graceful and rich the creeping ivy crawls 
Around each bust, high on the Abbey borne ; 
Kindly it clasps the old cemented walls, 
Grown grey with age, and with the weather worn. 
Of uncouth form, what erst was grand, 
Haply escaped the ruthless war-fiend's rage, 
The long rear'd ancient gothic columns stand, 
Unturn'd by time, unlevell'd yet by age. 

There oft stern winter's mantle has been cast, 
While drifting snows chok'd up the dark defiles ; 
Full many a storm and many a bitter blast 
Have whistled wildly through the winding aisles. 
The gloomy vaults, whose unfrequented stones, 
] u dampy sweat and solemn stillness pent, 



Past and Present. 181 

Perhaps conceal some reverend father's bones, 
Whose days were there devotionally spent. 



Forth from the area of the Abbey shoots 
The spreading elm, with bending ashes green, 
Whose widely creeping old romantic roots, 
Across the winding grass-grown aisles are seen. 
Ah ! cruel Henry, ruthless was thy rage, 
Or yon fair piles had stopped thy mad career; 
The savage tyrant, Nero of thy age, 
Mad with ambition, unrestrained by fear. 



Rude as the blocks that from the cliffs project, 
Some uncouth stones of shapeless forms appear ; 
Some long forgotten ashes to protect, 
While some the marks of modern sculpture wear. 
There, too, the ash, chief tenant of the wood, 
In bushy pride, yet graceful reverence stands 
The brunt of storms, for centuries it has stood, 
Planted and pruned by long-forgotten hands. 

And there aloft the passing stranger sees, 

Cling round the boughs that shade the hallowed ground, 

The playful squirrel darting through the trees, 

In native wildness, springing forth they bound. 

The ancient gateway, rear'd in Gothic taste, 

The lengthened walls, beneath the oak's deep shade, 

The even lawn in tufted verdure drest, 

With rustic seats for recreation made. 

There, too, are seen the peasant's homely cot, 
The lordly mansion, and the cloistered cell ; 
The artless, moss-roofed, elevated grot, 
And various shades where virtue loves to dwell. 
Delightful now, yet more delightful, when 
Was heard the tinkling of the Abbey bells, 
Whose sound vibrated down the distant glen, 
By echo channted from the neighbouring hills : 

For oft they through the little hamlet rung, 
And called the peaceful villagers to prayers, 
Where pious monks and holy fathers sung, 
Raising their thoughts above the vaulted spheres. 



182 Heucorth: 

If aught of ai-t can add another grace 
To Nature's charms, or Nature's charms improve, 
'Tis surely found in yon sequester'd place, 
The seat of peace, of piety, and love. 

The following lines, referring to an official who has been 
long laid under the mould, are from the same pen. Mr. 
Hardaker wrote several others in this kind of stanza, as " An 
Epistle to my Lady's Lap-dog, Pompey," " To the Author's 
fine collection of Walking Sticks." 

THE HAWORTH SEXTON. 

0, Sexton ! ye are such a soul, 
Ye little care for whom ye toll, 
If ye can drain the arvill bowl ; 

With many more, 
Ye'll for a moment sigh and growl, 

Then all is o'er. 

Before the corpse, in solemn pace, 

Full oft I've seen ye pull a face, 

As though ye were to truth and grace 

Nearly allied ; 
That few would think ye mean or base 

So deep ye sighed. 



But think ye, old case-hardened blade, 
Knight of the mattock and the spade, 
Some lustier brother of the trade, 

Perhaps ere long, 
May lig you where you've thousands laid, 

Nor think it wrong. 



SUBSCRIBERS. 

The Most. Hon. the Marquis of Ripon, K.G., Studley Royal. 

The Right Hon. Lord Houghton, D.C.L., F.S.A., Frystone Hall (3) 



Past and Present. 



188 



Rev. J. Angus, D.D., Reg. Pk. Coll. 
W. Anderton, J.P., Cleckheaton 
W. Andrews, F.R.H.S., Hull 
A. Appleyard, Keighley (2) 

J. A. Busfeild, J.P., Bingley 

J. H. Batley, Huddersfield 

J. G. Berry, Fixby 

T. Brear, Bradford (6) 

J. B. Bilbrough, Leeds 

Thos. Briggs, G.P.O., London 

Joseph Briggs, Idel 

G. Best, Haworth 

J. Buckley, F.R.G.S., Winsford 

J. M. Barber, Heckmondwike 

I. Binns, F.R.H.S., Batley 

MissBrooksbank, Tyrrel St. , Bradford 

Mrs. Brown, (Jhangegate, Haworth 

Miss M. Brown, Haworth 

J. Bottomley, Photographer, Bradford 

Miss Binns, Cross, Oxenhope 

T. Barraclough, Haworth 

J. Briggs, Haworth 

R. Binns, Bridge House, Haworth 

W. Binns, Summerfield, Oxenhope 

Brook Booth, Newlands, Brighouse 

J. \V. Clay, Rastrick House, Rastrick 

Col. J. L. Chester, LL.D., London 

F. Curzon, Leeds 

S. J. Chadwick, Mirfield 

W. Cudworth, Bradford 

W. F. Carter, Edgbaston, Birmingham 

Rev. R. Cordingley, Scotforth (2) 

Enoch Chaplin, Haworth 

J. W. Cockshott, Oakworth 

J. W. Davis, F.G.S., Halifax 
Stanley Dickinson, Halifax 
H. Dalby, Mechanics' Buildings, Bfd. 
C. H. Dennis, Wesleyan School, 

Haworth (2) 

W. Dunlop, J.P., Grange, Bingley 
Geo. Dyson, Bethel Street, Brighouse 

S. Elliott, Stanley 
Dr. Exell, Idel 



W. Exley, Bermondsey, Bradford 
Dr. Fairbank, Doncaster 
W. Foster, J.P., Queensbury 

0. Field, F.S.A., London 
T. Fairbank, Windhill 

J. Feather, Idel 

E. Feather, Haworth 

J. Guest, F.S.A., Rotherham 

Rev. W. B. Grenside, M.A., Melling 

Rev. W. T. Garrett, M.A., Crakehall 

Rev. J. B. Grant, B.A., Oxenhope 

W. Glossop, Bradford 

Bronte Greenwood, Haworth 

W. Greenwood, Mytholm (2) 

J. D. Goldthorp, Wakefield 

R. Haughton, Subscription Library, 

York . 
J. Hepworth, Gas Works, Carlisle 

1. I. Howard, LL.D., Blackheath 
Rev. T. M. Horsfall, Bobbington Vic. 
Rev. Canon Hulbert, M.A., Almndbry 
Rev. H. Harrison, Vicar, Idel 

John Hebb, Board of Works, L'don(2) 
R. Hanby, Chetham Library, Man- 
chester 

A. Holroyd, Eldwick, Eingley 

I. Hordern, Oxly-Woodhouse, Hud- 
dersfield 

E. R. Halford, Idel 
J. F. Horsfall, Oxenhope 
W. Horsfall, Heckmondwike 
L. Hainsworth, Bowling, Bradford (2) 
J. Hainsworth, Thackley, Idel 
Lambert Hudson, Haworth 
Amos Ingham, M.D., Haworth (2) 
R. Jackson, Commercial St., Leeds (2) 
E. A. Jowett, 17, Grove Terrace, 

Brighouse 
R. Kershaw, Crow Nest, Lightcliffe 

B. Lockwood, J.P., Storthes, Hud- 
dersfield 

W. Law, J.P., Littleborough 

W. Lee, Hanover Square, Bradford 



184 



Haworth : 



J. Lister, M.A., Shibden Hall 
J. Lord, Gooder Lane, Rastrick 

G.W.Marshall, LL.D., F.S.A., Lndn. 

J. Massey, J.P., Burnley (2). 

Dr. Maffey, Bradford. 

S. M. Milne, Calverley 

T. P. Mannock, Hanover Square, 

Bradford 

R. Moxon, Pontefract 
S. Margerison, Calverley 
W. Mawson, Idel 
J. Moore, Haworth (3) 
Major Newsome, Newcastle 
Dr. Oldfield, Heckmondwike 
M. Ogden, Haworth (3) 
Arthur Orton, Haworth 
Arthur Oldfield, Shipley (6) 

J. .Pickup, 13, Queen St., Brighouse 

E. Pickles, Commercial St., Brighouse 
John Pearson, junr., Bradley, near 

Huddersfield 

T. Parker, Wombleton Nawton 
J. Pickles, Normanton 
J. Peate, Guiseley 
J. E. Poppleton, Horsforth 

F. Peel, Heckmondwike 

W. Procter, Scholes, Keighley 
Arton Parker, Queensbury 
J. Rusby, F.R.H.S., Regent's Park 
F. Ross, F.R.H.S., Stamford Hill, 

London 

J. B. Reyner, J.P., Ashton-undr-Lyne 
T. H. Rushforth, Coley Lodge, Baling 
Rev. T. Milville Raven, M.A., 

Crakehall 

S. T. Rigge, Halifax 
Marion Redman, Haworth 
S. Rayner, Pudsey 
T. Richardson, Market, Bradford. 
J. Robinson, Manchester Rd., Bradfd. 

E. Solly, F.R.S., F.S.A., Sutton, 

Surrey 
J. Sykes, M.D., F.S.A., Doncaster 



Rev. T. Sutcliffe, J.P., Heptonstall 
W. Smith, F.S.A.S., Morley 
W. H. Smith and Son, Strand 
C. W. Sutton, Free Library, Man- 
chester 

Mrs. Stapylton, Myton Hall 
Miss Scnven, Otley 
R. B. Shackleton, Cross Hills 
A. B. Sewell, Bradford 
R. Sugden, Brighouse 

F. Shute, Headingley 

S. Scholefield, Denholme (6) 

W. Sessions, York 

Joseph Stead, Heckmondwike 

J. J. Stead, Heckmondwike 

W. Scruton, Bradford 

Mrs. Smith, Brighouse Fields, Rastrick 

W. Taylor, Bailiffe Bridge, Brighouse 

T. W. Tew, J.P., Carleton Grange (2) 

G. W. Tomlinson, F.S.A., Hud- 
dersfield 

J. W. Tottie, J.P., Coniston Hall 
Rev. R. V. Taylor, B A., Melbecks 

Vicarge 

G. Terry, Mirfield 
J. Toothill, Haworth 
J. Thornton, Guy's Cliffe, Bradford (2) 

F. W. Turner, Boilings Mill, Hwth. (2) 
Robert Townend, Town End, Hawth. 
Thomas Thorp, College St., Keighley 
W. J. Vint, Idel 

C. H. L. Woodd, J.P., Oughtershaw 

Hall 

Rev. J. B. Waytes, M.A., Marking- 
ton Hall 

Rev. J. Whalley, Burmantofts, Leeds 
Rev. J. Ward, Melton Mowbray 
J. W. Willans, F.S.S., Headingley 
J. Watkinson, Fairfielcl, Huddersfield 
J. H. Wurtzburg, Leeds 
S. Waterhouse, Clarendon St., Bradfd. 
J. Walbank, Mill Hey, Haworth 
T. Waterhouse and Sons, Bradford (3) 

G. S. Young, Market, Bradford (7) 



'oral Ihrohs, 



By J. HORSFALL TURNER. 

HAWORTH, PAST AND PRESENT : A History of Haworth, 
Stanbury, and Oxenhope. 20 Illustrations. 8s. 

" Mr. J. Horsfall Turner has here given us a delightful little 
history of a place which will always have an interest for the 
student of English literature. We have not space to deal with it 
as lengthily as it deserves, but we can say that all should read it 
who care to know anything of the little village made memorable 
by the Brontes' fame. It may be obtained of the author, Idel, 
Bradford, and is ridiculously cheap." Graphic, Jan. 31, 1880. 

NONCONFORMIST REGISTER of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 
1644-1750, by the Revs. 0. Heywood and T. Dickenson, 
from the MS. in the Congregational Memorial Hall, 
London, comprehending numerous notices of Puritans 
and Anti-Puritans in Yorkshire, Lancashire, Cheshire, 
London, &c., with Lists of Popish Recusants, Quakers, &c. 
Five Illustrations, 380 pages, 6s. 

THE REV. 0. HEYWOOD, B.A., 1680-1702: His Autobiography, 
Diaries, Anecdote and Event Books, illustrating the Gen- 
eral and Family History of Yorkshire and Lancashire. 
Four volumes, 380 pages each, illustrated, bound in cloth, 
6s. each. 

VOLUME rv. is now in the press, and the names of Sub- 
scribers should be forwarded immediately. 

INDEPENDENCY AT BRIGHOTJSE : Pastors and People, 4 Illus- 
trations. 3s. 

NONCONFORMITY IN IDEL, AND HISTORY OF AIREDALE COLLEGE, 
10 Illustrations, (autotype portraits of Rev. J. Dawson, 
Founder of Low Moor Ironworks ; Rev. W. Vint, S.T.P.), 
&c. 8s. 



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LOCAL BOOKS continued. 

BIOGRAPHIA HALIFAXIENSIS : A Biographical and Genealogical 
History for Halifax Parish. Two volumes, 380 pages, 
with Portraits, 6s. each. 

Vol. I. is a reprint of half of Mr. Watson's " Halifax," 
that is, such chapters as the Halifax Worthies, Vicars, 
Benefactors, &c. This volume thus serves a double 
purpose, as it is a literatim reprint. 

Vol. II. to be issued in Spring, 1885, will be an 
original compilation, noting the Families and Worthies 
for six hundred years. 

LIFE OF CAPTAIN JOHN HODGSON, 1640-83. Illustrated, Is. 3d. 

This is a reprint of the 1806 publication, said to have been edited 
by Sir Walter Scott. The Captain narrates his exploits in the Wars 
at Bradford, Leeds, Lancashire, Isle of Man, Scotland, &c., and the 
troubles that followed on his settlement at Coley Hall, near Halifax, 
his imprisonment in York Castle, &c. 

THE ANTIQUITIES OF HALIFAX : By the Rev. Thomas Wright, 
A Literatim Reprint. Is. 6d. 

I have no sympathy with that form of Bibliomania that hoards up 
a book because it is scarce. Wright's " Halifax " is here offered for 
one-twelfth the selling price of the 1738 volume. 

Ready for the press : 
HALIFAX REPRINTS. 

THE GIBBET BOOK. 2s. 
KEABTBEE'S ALMANACK, 1685. 2s. 

TEIPLEX MEMORIAL, the scarcest, by far, of Halifax 
Books. 2s. 

THE BRIDGES OF W. R. YORKSHIRE : Their Histories and 
Mysteries. By the late Fairless Barber, Esq., F.S.A., 
and J. Horsfall Turner. 



*** P.O. Orders payable at Idel, near Bradford. 



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