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D. MOLONY, 

Manufacturer of Cigars, 

KTo. SO MOKTH.OES *STC\, 
TOLEDO, O. 



CHIEF JUSTICE, BOARD OF TRADE, 

LA CAROLINA, CUNARD, LEON A, 

WHITE SWAN, &c. 

PRIVATE BRANDS TO ORDER. 

None but the Best Quality of Havana Tobacco from 

the Vueta Abajo, District of Cuba, used 

in our our Best Goods. 

' '■ ■ ■" ■ -■ " 4SS 

WW* Au If. i»ML 




Veterinary Surgeon 

(Graduate Ontario Veterinary College), 

LIMA, OHIO. 



Calls by Telegrapb promptly attended! to, 




, V. NEWTON, 

Yeterinary Snrpon, 

(Graduate Ontario Veterinary College.) 

H8S 'li^lXl stal MEDICINE FOR HORSES & CATTLE 

WINFIELD BOY ALWAys QN HAND 

By Edward Everett. 
MAMBRINO Calls to Country by Mail or Telegram promptly 

PATCH EN, Jr. attended to. 

By DeHerr's Mambrino 

Pate hen. Office, Infirmary, Boarding and Sale Stable 

HENGIS, 

imp. Percheron. 299 St, Clair Street, Toledo, 0, 

LORD LORNE, 

Imp. Clyde. Residence, 21st and Jefferson Sts. 



J. H. WAGNER 

Manufacturer of and Dealer in 

l aim66, ^mot6e ^ood^ } 

AND RACING GEAR 

/ Make a Specialty of Single Strap 

TRACK HARNESS, FORi$30, Guaranteed. 




Goods Sent G. 0. D. by Express to all parts of the U. S. 
J. H. WACNER 9 

117 Superior Street, TOLEDO, OHIO. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 

Introduction 5 

Shoeing, Feeding and Watering 7 

Teeth 9 

Clothing, Harness, Bits, etc 13 

Shoeing, Boots, Care After Work 16 

Faster Work, Repeats, etc 19 

Sweating Scrapes, Their Effects and Reasons for 22 

The Sweat 27 

Treatment After the Sweat 30 

Watchfulness now the Order of the Day 32 

Financial Matters Discussed a Little 34 

How to Develop a Horse _ 36 

Win if you Can 39 

Toe Weights Changing the Way of Going 41 

Management Before and in the Race - 43 

Value of Trotters Compared with Pacers — 46 

Wintering a Trotter or Pacer _ 48 

Developing a Pacer 50 

Harnessing and Driving Horses 54 

Buying a Horse 57 

Conclusion _ _ 61 

Rules National Trotting Association 63-92 

Betting Rules. ..I..*. 93-99 

List of 2:30 Trotters..:.-. 100-134 

List of 2:30 Pacers -L. 135-141 



HAY SEED: 



HOW TO DEVELOP SPEED 



TROTTERS AND PACERS, 



STEER THEM IN A RACE. 

Also, the Rules of the National Trotting Association, and 

the names of all Horses with Records of 2:30 or 

better, Trotting or Pacing, down 

to the close of 1883. 




TOLEDO: 
Blade Printing and Paper Co. 

1884. 



I 
34 



Entered accordiug to Act of Congress, 

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C, by 

J. E. WATSON, 

In the yfeajiof our Lord, 1884. 



t 



PREFACE. 

|HE author and compiler of this work has endeav- 
ored to condense and crystalize, in as brief a man- 
ner as possible, the great fundamental principles of 
developing speed in Horses, and believes that by a 
careful reading and attention to the contents of this work, 
any man with horse sense and a natural love for this 
noblest of all animals, coupled with a patient disposition — 
a man who can "wait and win," : — can become a success- 
ful trainer and driver. The work is peculiarly adapted to 
amateurs and farmer boys, who can readily understand 
every word contained in the work without reference to the 
dictionary. The author has confidence the work will be 
appreciated, from the fact that it is the only brief treatise 
of its kind in English literature that embodies all 
the information the amateur needs. And there is no 
doubt that in the future, when interviewing the great 
Knights of the Ribbons rivaling the fame of Bither, 
Johnson, Turner, Mace, Splan, Frank Van Ness, Jack 
Phillips, and other present great lights of the trotting 
turf, the reporter will be informed that their fame is 

indebted in no small degree to 

Hay Seed. 



HAY SEED, 



CHAPTER I. 

INTRODUCTORY. 



It is my intention to give in this work a few short and 
sensible hints as a guide to the horsemen who seek to 
handle their own horses, who have had little or no experi- 
ence in the art of developing speed. There is no leger- 
demain or slight of hand business about developing a 
trotter ; the business was formerly, say twenty-five years 
ago, shrouded in mystery, and a trainer of trotting horses 
was looked upon as a walking epitome of knowledge, 
when at the same time nine out of ten of these same men 
were comparatively amateurs. The whole business of 
developing speed in horses is based upon common sense 
and the knowledge of the laws of health as applied to the 
equine race. Now, to begin with, don't ever fool your 
time away with a dunghill or cold-blooded animal, one 
that will be looking for a place to lie down before he 
gets to the half-mile pole. But don't understand me that 
a horse of whose breeding nothing is known is necessarily 
a dunghill. A well bred horse, if he doesn't look it, will 
show it in his miles, and there is where breeding is of the 
most value and satisfaction. But an exceptionally well 
bred animal will never be overlooked by a horseman, 
though he may have no pedigree that anybody knows of. 

We will take it for granted that your horse is broken 
or has been driven in harness ; if your colt has never been 
driven he may be worth more than if he had been 
handled by some of the self-styled horse breakers. In 
the first place, don't do anything to the young horse to 
shake his confidence in mankind, but try and cultivate 
his confidence and respect. As good a way as I know of to 



6 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

gentle green colts — three, or even four years old — is to 
tie them in a stall in a barn with other horses and 
treat them just the same, viz : feed, water, bed, 
groom and go through the whole business with them 
until they become accustomed to the noise, and having 
people around. They will in a couple of weeks be- 
come perfectly docile. I have found that the less fuss 
that was made about hitching up a green colt the better. 
If you have got a good driving pole horse, hitch the colt 
in with him, to some light running vehicle, having first 
had a harness on him a few times and a bit in his mouth, 
and if he has had the proper kind of treatment around 
the stable it is a hundred to one he will go off readily, 
and by the time he has been driven a mile he will act 
like a horse ; don't drive him too far, two or three miles 
is far enough the first time. Keep driving him every day 
carefully. But if you have not got a good driving pole 
horse, hitch the colt to a skeleton wagon or sulky and 
get up behind him just as though he had been driven be- 
fore. Make him think he is a horse, and above ail don't 
fight him, and don't try to pull his head up too high un- 
less you know he is going to kick Get him to do what 
he does cheerfully and you will have a better broken 
horse in two weeks than half the old ones are. 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 



CHAPTER II. 

SHOEING, FEEDING AND WATERING. 

The colt should be shod if worked on dirt roads, and if 
snow or ice prevail shoe him all around sharp, so he can 
stand up. Don't shoe him too heavy, a twelve or thirteen 
ounce shoe in front and an eight ounce shoe behind is 
heavy enough. If you don't know how to have him 
shod, go to the best and most intelligent blacksmith you 
know and tell him you want him shod just as well as he 
would shoe a trotter, and pay him what he asks, if he is 
a man of judgment and experience in this kind of shoe- 
ing. I am not going to write a work on shoeing horses ; 
there are too many of that kind of publications now, and 
the more a man reads — the greater part of them — the 
less he knows. 

In regard to feeding, which is a very important part of 
our undertaking, I will say: A three-year-old ought to 
have at least ten quarts of oats a day and what hay he 
will eat up in an hour, say at night. If you are going to 
make a practice of driving him early in the morning, give 
him two quarts of oats and a little water before you 
hitch him up ; it will stay his stomach and he will feel 
more like going out. But if you don't work him until 
late in the forenoon, give him his full feed, four quarts, 
about six o'clock in the morning, and a little hay. In 
respect to feeding hay, or grain either, no man can lay 
down any rule as to how much any horse should con- 
sume in 24 hours. They want what they need to supply 
the natural waste of the body and keep them in 
strength and flesh and growing every day. Here is where 
judgment comes in play. A colt doesn't want drawing so 
as to make him look gaunt like an old campaigner, 
neither do you want to stuff him. In aged horses hay at 
night only will ordinarily suffice if the horse is a hearty 



8 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

feeder, and again some horses will not eat any more than 
they need if they have it by them all day. Colts, like 
boys, ordinarily have good appetites, and want enough to 
keep them growing. 

Give the horse all the water he wants at night, unless 
he has a race or trial on hand for the morrow, when it 
would- not be advisable. In the morning a horse, if he is 
in good health and is accustomed to have what water he 
wants at night after he has finished his hay, will not ex- 
hibit much thirst, unless he is a glutton and has gorged 
himself with his bedding, which habit ought to be cur- 
tailed at once, for no horse can be gotten into condition 
or kept so, if he eats all the litter he can reach. In short, 
water should not be given a horse in quantity when it is 
going to interfere with the performance of his daily work. 
Give him a couple of swallows in the morning before he 
eats his feed. Never give him over one-half a bucket at 
once except at night, when he may have a reasonable 
allowance. Rain, river and spring water are the kinds 
ordinarily in use for horses in training, well water being 
too cold, drawn directly from the well, to give horses 
with safety. A sudden change of localities, as a cam- 
paign necessitates, sometimes compels a change of water 
from hard to soft, or vice versa, and is attended always 
with some danger of relaxation of the bowels, but by add- 
ing a small handful of linseed meal to a bucket of water 
and gradually decreasing the quantity, the use of it can 
be discontinued in two or three days, and your horse 
will have become accustomed to the water. Water is 
better to stand in the sun and air long enough to ap- 
proach the temperature of the atmosphere before using 
it if it is well or cistern water. If a horse is a light and 
delicate feeder, the more water you can get him to drink 
the more he will consume of feed. Dainty feeders are 
nearly always light drinkers The use of water for such 
horses with just enough cream tartar in it to assidulate 
it slightly has been found beneficial. If a horse is in- 
clined to drink too much put only as much in the bucket 
as you want him to drink at one time. Other horses 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 9 

want a pailful set down for them so they can drink it 
unobserved. 

In checking a horse up you need a check bit inde- 
pendent of the driving bit. Some horses will check 
with an old-fashioned check rein and check bit with the 
gag runners sewed or hooked high on the crown piece of 
the headstall, but nearly all the trotters and pacers are 
checked with an overdraw check running over the top of 
the head and buckling into the small check bit. You 
want a set of bandages, a couple of scrapers and plenty 
of rubbers made from linen salt sacks; you want a dozen 
for each horse ; you want a couple of soaking tubs ; take a 
kerosene oil barrel and saw off each end with a depth of 
six or eight inches, fit some boards inside of the chime 
and screw them to the head, so your horse will not push 
the bottom out when he steps his weight onto them. 
Wire spring skewers are essential ; and you also want a 
good muzzle, but be careful how you use it. You will 
need a rubbing out headstall, merely a strap over the top 
of the head, each end buckling into the ring of a bit ; 
you want a foot and a tooth rasp, and numerous other ar- 
ticles as your wants will suggest. Toe weights are very 
useful in some instances, and occasionally indispensable, 
but never use a weight that you have to fasten to the 
foot with screws screwed into the horn. I have seen in- 
flammation set up in the foot from the screws pressing into 
the laminae of the foot, and severe lameness result from 
their use. 

TEETH. 

The teeth in horses are receiving more attention than 
formerly, as it is a well settled fact that their teeth are 
subject to decay, ulceration, irregular growth etc., same 
as in the human family, though not perhaps, in the same 
degree. A horse in his three or four year old forms is 
most liable to suffer, as the three-year-old cuts four 
front teeth and eight back teeth, and in their fourth year 
they cut four front, eight back, and four tushes, and con- 
siderable irritation and fever often attend the cutting of 
these teeth. 



10 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

Attention should be directed to the shedding of the 
molars in the three-year-old, the roots becoming absorbed, 
the crowns of the teeth get loose and hang to the gums, 
and should be removed as they will cut the cheek and 
make the mouth sore. Many horses I am satisfied suffer 
from toothache with decayed teeth, and when a decayed 
tooth is discovered it ought to be removed immediately, 
upon its first attempt to ache. The presence of decayed 
teeth may be detected by such symptoms, as improperly 
masticated food passing the bowels undigested, tossing 
the head, discharge from one nostril, irritable disposition 
pulling or driving on one rein, and pulling at the bit or 
refusal to take hold of the bit. The remedy for de- 
cayed teeth is removal. You will need the assist- 
ance of some one skilled in Veterinary dentistry, to re- 
move a decayed molar tooth The upper jaw being 
wider than the under one, the outer margin of the upper 
grinders become sharp, and unless this over-growth is 
removed with a tooth-rasp, the cheek, coming in contact 
with the sharp edges of the grinders, gets sore, and check- 
ing a horse aggravates him, as it presses the cheek against 
the teeth with greater force. The inside margins of the 
lower grinders get sharp in the same way, and hurt the 
tongue, and no horse can be made to trot or pace fast, 
that has teeth that hurt or aggravate him, and as a trainer, 
you should always keep a tooth-rasp handy, they cost lit- 
tle, and you can remove the sharp edges of teeth as well 
as any one, but for the extraction of a grinder, you had 
better employ a Veterinary dentist, as it is quite an under- 
taking. The reason a horse cannot go fast with teeth 
•that hurt him is, that if he carries his head one sided, as 
he will invariably do if he is driving on one rein, he can't 
go square, and is bound to tangle in his gait, and of 
course cannot speed fast. I have seen horses in a race 
in scoring, that carried their heads one sided, and pulled 
on -one rein ; these horses were suffering from imperfect 
teeth or effects of same. These horses knowing how to 
go, would finally take hold of the bit and go fast, but this 
was game in its triumph over infirmity, the horse having 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 11 

acquired the proper way of going, in his course of train- 
ing, and possessing the spirit to do or die, he takes hold of 
the bit, though it may be ever so painful, and tries to get 
there. Horses possessing this valuable inheritance, 
known as game, ( which is by the way imparted from one 
generation to the othei ), are very dangerous competitors 
in a race. 



12 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 



CHAPTER III. 

CLOTHING, HARNESS, BITS, ETC. 

There are different opinions about blankets and cover- 
ing for horses in the stable. I don't believe a horse 
needs anything more than to make him comfortable. No 
horse ought to sweat under the blankets in the stable, 
and he should be provided with changes, so he can be 
made comfortable in any change of the temperature. In 
winter, if he is clipped, he must be provided with extra 
clothing, unless the stable is heated artificially, and for 
out door use the blanket for clipped horses should be 
large enough to cover them well down toward their feet, 
and the shed ought to be a very warm one, or they ought 
not to be left under it at all if it is a cold day. A single 
strap rubber trimmed harness with a good, substantial, 
three inch saddle and flat lines, all made from MarTot's 
leather, is good enough for anybody and looks as well as 
any harness that was ever made. Horses ordinarily act 
as well in a headstall with winkers as any, although some 
flighty, nervous horses, and shyers, act better in an open 
bridle. Experiment will teach you which kind of head- 
stall to adopt. There are a thousand styles of bits, but 
the ordinary jointed bit, known as the Dexter trotting 
snaffle, is as good as any. Some horses act better with 
a plain bar bit than any other, but use the one your 
horses appear to like best. Don't make a puller of him 
by driving him on a bit he is continually fighting against. 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 13 



CHAPTER IV. 

OBJECT OF WORKING HORSES WORK FOR AGED HORSES. 

It is important for the amateur to understand why he 
is working his horse. What is the object of it? Why, 
to develop his speed, of course. But not one man in ten 
can give you an intelligent answer to your questions as 
why do you do so and so. Now no horse can go any 
faster than he has got power to carry him. If the speed 
is not in him, no man can make him show it. 

Speed is the physical capacity or power to get over 
the ground at a rapid rate. A horse may have appa- 
rently the physical capacity to go fast, but does not and 
can not; he maybe proportioned correctly and fill all 
the dimensions of the tape line trotter and lookYike a trot- 
ter, but can't go on — and here is where those knowing 
men get left in trying to pick out a trotter with a tape 
line and references to the stud books. A horse without 
the inborn disposition to go on and get there is no good, 
no matter how he is bred, how he is formed, or how he 
is gaited. You get him in a tight place where it is nec- 
essary for him to extend himself and he will shut up like 
a jack knife, and quit without any apparent reason, only 
that he don't seem to want to do it. If a horse is strong 
and has the disposition to go on, if he is not quite per- 
fectly gaited, he will oftener surprise you by his rapid 
improvement than would a finely gaited one, and just as 
strong and sound, that don't care whether he gets there 
or not. 

We will assume that you have got a horse sound and 
five years old, that has a gait that is pure enough to carry 
him a mile in 2:30, when in condition to go a mile ; and 
this horse has never had an attempt made to develop the 
speed he is supposed to possess. We will also assume 
that it is early spring, the roads are in condition to 



14 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

drive upon, and you are situated so you can give this 
horse all the attention he needs to develop the latent 
speed he is expected in the near future to exhibit. I will 
say a few words respecting the quarters you give the horse 
to occupy. A box stall twelve by fourteen feet, with a 
plank floor not too tight to prevent the urine from run- 
ning through, will answer, and the floor should be far 
enough from the ground not to be damp. Arrangements 
should be made to properly drain the grounds in the 
vicinity of barns and stabling, as horses are, in my judg- 
ment, susceptible to malarial disorders, as well as the 
human family. I do not like an underground barn with 
stalls for horses over the basement, as there is always a 
draft through any aperture there may be in the floor, and 
horses' feet dry up when kept in such a place, and require 
a great deal of attention. A clay or earth floor is not 
desirable for horses doing fast work and sweating consid- 
erably, as they are liable to contract colds, coughs and 
rheumatic troubles from lying on these ground floors with 
nothing but straw between them and the earth. Don't 
let your horse lie on the ground if you are working him 
for speed. 

It is understood by you, of course, that proper venti- 
lation is desirable, as is also light. The windows for 
ventilating the stable should be about six feet from the 
floor, so that any draft through these windows will not 
strike the horse. We will suppose this horse as yet has 
not shown any disposition to interfere or cut himself any- 
where ; this being the case, you have not got to worry 
yourself about the shoeing, a very great relief, I assure 
you. Now you want to make a firm resolve not to speed 
this horse, either for your own or any other person's grat- 
ification or amusement, until he has had some work 
and got strong, and has learned something about going 
along — if you expect to make a trotter out of him. Walk- 
ing exercise has been found not absolutely necessary, as 
formerly indulged in. Old time trainers used to begin 
by giving horses walking exercise in the spring tor two or 
three weeks before they even thought of driving them in 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 15 

harness; but I believe that a horse is safer in the hands 
of the trainer, hooked to a light wagon or sulky, than he 
is in the care of a boy doing his walking work out of 
sight of the barn. You may commence by jogging and 
walking a little, say five or six miles (in the forenoon is the 
best time) for the first week or ten days. Ten quarts of oats 
in three feeds, of four quarts in the morning, two at noon, 
and four again at night, with some hay, ought to be enough 
for him, and you ought to see him begin to improve in 
the way he does his work as well as in appearance. By 
this time he will be in shape to send along a little, and 
you ought to increase his work a little, and likewise the 
amount of oats, say to twelve quarts per day ; but if you 
observe that he don't like the increased amount of work, 
wait a week more. By this time the muscles must have 
tone enough in them to carry him along on a good road 
a ten-mile-an-hour clip, for four or five miles, without 
much apparent fatigue. But don't begin to brush him 
yet; he wants to be able to jog his ten miles out in an 
hour easy before you commence to call on him. If he is 
the horse we think he is, he will soon commence to do his 
brushing himself. And here is where you want to use 
judgment; right here is where one-half the good horses 
are ruined. If he now commences to take hold of the bit 
and go away at a rapid clip, steady him carefully, and 
take him back before he commences to tangle or tire. 
The chances are at this time, if you let him go on and 
trot over himself and go into a break, he will hit himself 
somewhere, and it will set him back in his training weeks, 
and perhaps spoil him. Don't let him go to a break; 
trotters nowadays don't leave their feet often when they 
beat 2:20 , they don't have time. 



16 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 



CHAPTER V. 

SHOEING, BOOTS, CARE AFTER WORK, ETC. 

Up to this time, perhaps, you have seen no occasion to 
change his shoeing, except to have them removed and re- 
set, which ought to be done once in three weeks at the 
longest. You now want to observe closely how he carries 
his legs, and if he is brushing himself anywhere. Young 
horses often exhibit a propensity to shove the hind foot 
under the front foot and brush the hoof up at the coro- 
net, which is called " scalping." If your horse does this, 
get a pair of scalping boots the first thing you do, and 
wear them on him in this work. Horses do this scalping 
while jogging, but it gets them into the habit of single 
footing, and when they get this habit it takes a long 
time to restore their confidence so they will go square 
again. All horses, or nearly all that can go fast, go with 
their hind feet outside of their forward ones. You also 
want to observe if this horse brushes his hind pasterns 
with the outside of the shoes of the front feet ; this is 
called speedy cutting. If your horse, in your judgment, 
can show indications of a three minute clip or better, 
look out for this speedy cutting business. If you are 
working him on a half mile track he will probably brush 
himself here while making the turns, which will have the 
effect to scare him and make him unsteady and break. 
Now if your horse ever goes to a break when he is mov- 
ing within his speed, he has hit himself somewhere, and 
you should get right out and see about it at once. 
If, upon examination, you find he has hit himself, don't 
start him up again until he is protected. If he is shod 
all right don't expect to remedy the difficulty by chang- 
ing shoes unless the trouble is apparent. Clinches some 
times work out by the head of the nail striking a 
stone and driving it up: to avoid this have the shoer 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 17 

file the heads of the nails down even with the shoe, 
then the clinches will not work out to bother you. 
And here is something I want you to recollect about 
shoeing for interfering or knee knocking. Don't ever 
take any portion of the wall of the foot away in any case. 
All you take off the inside of the feet just so much nearer 
together the horse's feet will be whether in motion or 
standing, and you spoil the shape of the foot and weaken 
it. Horses sometimes interfere and hit themselves with- 
out any fault of the shoer. Perhaps the animal has not 
learned to travel, is weak, or a dozen other causes no 
blacksmith is responsible for. 

In bringing your horse in from a drive after he has 
acquired some strength, let him come home in shape, so 
you can scrape a little sweat out of him after he has 
stood with a woolen sheet on him a few minutes, or while 
you are hanging up his harness. If he breaks out in 
perspiration strip off the sheet and scrape him out as dry 
as possible and throw the sheet over his back and loins, 
and commence and rub out his head and ears and neck, 
and finally his whole body Don't put him in the stall 
until he is cooled off, so he will not break out again. It 
may take three-quarters of an hour, probably; you need 
not rub all the time. Pin the sheet on him and walk 
him around in the sun and out of a draft, and before you 
get done with him wash out his feet clean and brush him 
all over; brush out his mane and foretop and tail, but 
don't tear out any hair. If it is time to feed now, give 
him a suck of water and his dinner, and go and get your 
own. The best rubbers I have ever seen are Ashton salt 
sacks cut into four pieces. Always have plenty of clean, 
dry rubbers on hand; you can't dry out a horse with a 
dirty, damp rubber. There is considerable work about 
training one horse if you do all the work yourself. But 
your ingenuity will devise some way to get along with 
the work. I have never seen a man yet who liked to ride 
behind a good horse and do the driving, but who would 
manage some way to have some body around the barn 
when he got back to help do up the trotter. 



18 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

Don't be afraid to give your horse some grass. Let 
him pick it himself in the latter part of the afternoon if 
you work him in the forenoon, and if he at any time is 
constipated give him a big bran mash at night with some 
salt in it. Keep his bowels open unless he is of a washy 
constitution and inclined to scour; you must use judg- 
ment. A horse that scours (or in other words exhibits 
an unnatural looseness of the bowels) is out of shape 
some where, and is probably the result of indigestion or 
derangement of the stomach and bowels. If you live 
near a good veterinary surgeon, consult him ; it will be 
cheaper in the end- However, I have corrected this 
trouble more than once by giving a tablespoonful of 
powdered charcoal three times a day in the feed. 

The feet and legs must be looked after now; don't 
soak your horse out too much in hot or any other water, 
because you have seen some other trainer do it. It 
might have been necessary in the case, of an old ringer 
that had to be scalded every day to keep him on earth. 
Jack Phillips has probably won more races with hot 
water than any other man in this country. He knows 
when to use it. If you don't detect any fever in the 
legs, or inclination to swell over night, your horse is all 
right, and a good walk in the grass in the morning when 
the dew is on is as good a poultice as the feet can have. 
Don't oil or anoint the feet, or stuff them, if they don't 
need it. Blue clay or moss wet in water is the best stuff- 
ing, and oils are a detriment, I think. 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 19 



CHAPTER VI. 

FASTER WORK, REPEATS, ETC. 

About four weeks must have elapsed by this time, and 
you can now begin to call on the horse for a brush occa- 
sionally in his work. Don't brush him over a quarter 
yet at a time, and not too often, and never up to the full 
measure of his speed. Some horses will take more work 
than others, but an ordinary well-bred horse ought to jog 
out ten or twelve miles a day to a wagon in about an 
hour without falling off any in appearance, condition or 
feelings. After you commence to brush the horse along 
in his daily work, your judgment ought to guide you as 
to whether you are overworking him or not. 

I suppose you think you ought to give him a big scrape 
now. Perhaps it is not necessary ; a neck sweat and 
hood may reduce the throat and neck enough, and per- 
haps he don't want any scrape of the body more than he 
gets every day in his work yet a while. I will, further 
on in the work, give you a scientific explanation of a 
scrape, how to do it and what to do it for. It is about 
time this horse had a half mile trial. If you have any 
suspicion he will hit his knees, protect him. The night 
before you give him the trial, give him about half the 
amount of hay he ordinarily has and about two-thirds 
the usual quantity of water; in the morning give him two 
quarts of oats at the usual time of feeding (we assume 
you have been giving him his breakfast in one feed up to 
this time) and no hay of any account. Give him a couple 
or quarts of water when you go to the stable in the 
morning, and after he has eaten his oats and a very little 
hay let him have two or three swallows more. Hook 
him up about ten o'clock, the food having had time to 
assimilate, and jog him out five miles ; then give him a 
swallow of water, and give him a half mile, commencing 



20 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

to call on him as you approach the half mile pole and 
send him for all he is worth till you get to the win, with- 
out letting him leave his feet. Have some friend you 
can rely on to hold the watch that can catch the time 
correctly, and that won't lie to you. If your horse has 
shown a half in 1:25, you have got a quite promising 
young horse that has only been worked four weeks. This 
is a 50 clip, and lots of them can't do it that have been 
worked all summer. Now jog your horse to the stable 
and do him up in good shape. The first thing you do, 
put a set of linen bandages wet in warm water on his 
legs, all round, and let them stay on till they get dry or 
the horse has cooled out, then take them off, hand rub 
the legs a little, and if you don't see any swelling or heat 
in the legs they are all right and he has done well. Work 
him now just the same as you have all along; in a week 
give him a trial a mile out. If he has improved he ought 
to show you a mile in 2:45. ^ ne should chance to be 
one of those phenomenal trotters of the period, he might 
go so fast your hair would turn gray in the mile. Soberly 
speaking, the speed shown at the present day by horses 
with comparatively little training, and in the hands of 
amateurs in some cases, is truly marvelous. They break 
out at different places, hundreds of miles apart, but al- 
most without exception upon investigation it is discov- 
ered that these horses are bred to go fast and stay the 
distance. You will, by observing how your horse finishes 
his first mile, be able to determine to a great extent 
what kind of a horse you have. If he finishes his mile 
as though he had another mile in him, and trots the last 
half a couple of seconds the fastest, and does not show 
much distress in breathing, and his legs tremble but 
slightly if any, you may conclude you have got quite a 
horse, providing, of course, he has done his mile in as 
good time as you have reason to expect of him. You 
ought not to have driven him to a break in either of these 
trials. He had better have a little speed left in him than 
to have gone to a break. In ten days, if he is improving, 
give him another trial, a mile and repeat. Don't try to 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 21 

drive all the speed out of him the first heat, and if he acts 
as though he had plenty more in him, give him the sec- 
ond mile with an interval of twenty minutes or half an 
hour between the heats. As soon as you have finished 
the first heat, unhook him from the sulky, pull off his 
harness and throw a sheet on him ; give him two or three 
swallows of water, and in three or four minutes, while 
you are walking him around, he will break out in a pro- 
fuse perspiration. (Don't get in a draft with him.) Com- 
mence and scrape out his neck and shoulders and finally 
his whole body; have a couple of boys who can help rub 
him up, and in course of twenty minutes he will be suffi- 
ciently recovered to harness again and prepare for the 
next heat. If he has worn any boots in the first trial, 
remove them as soon as he is unharnessed and see that 
they have not chafed him, and put them back on the last 
thing before you hitch him in the sulky for the last heat. 
Jog him a mile or two, and, remember, always to jog 
your horses the reverse way of the track, and if any other 
party is driving the right way of the track and you meet 
them, give them the pole, or pass to the left, they pass- 
ing you on your right. In working a horse the reverse 
way of the track, and only turning him when you want to 
speed him, he acquires the habit of getting away rapidly. 
A very important thing for a trotter to know is how to 
score well ; it frequently wins a race. Up to this time, 
I have counciled extreme caution, which every trainer 
will tell you is safer that to rush business. 



HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 



CHAPTER VII. 

SWEATING SCRAPES, THEIR EFFECT AND REASONS FOR. 

I have promised to give you a chapter on sweating, and 
I will quote from that eminent authority on the subject, 
Joseph Cam Simpson : 

The natural outlets of the body are the skin, bowels 
and kidneys. With their aid we get rid of what the old 
trainers called the waste and spare. We can increase 
the action of them all by articles given as food or medi- 
cine. The evacuations through the numerous pores of 
the skin are what we call sweating, the effects of which — 
when properly used — being to bring a horse into such a 
state, called condition, that he can do without injury, 
what would be an impossibility for him to perform with- 
out its aid. 1 have signified my objections to stimulating 
the bowels and kidneys by cathartics and diuretics as 
aids of training, and I must necessarily show that condi- 
tion can be acquired without their help. Sweating has 
two distinct things to perform : the first, to give freedom 
to the respiratory organs and the action of the heart, which 
we may call internal relief; the second, to promote the 
strength and activity of the muscles and lighten the load 
to be carried, which, with the same propriety, may be 
termed external relief. The organs of respiration are the 
lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea or wind-pipe, glottis or 
valve, at the extremity of the trachea, nasal passages 
and nostrils. It requires study to understand the work- 
ings of the organs of circulation and breathing, and 
I must confess that I am not capable of understanding 
any of the treatises that I have read on the subject suffi- 
ciently to explain them, or to make them as intelligible to 
you as they are to me, though the deductions drawn from 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 23 

the statements I am going to make I know to be correct. 
They have been demonstrated by my practice, and since 
I have followed my present plan of sweating I have never 
had a horse become baked or feverish, which was fre- 
quently the case when I sweated them without thinking 
of the causes why it should be done, or was aware of the 
results that might be expected to follow. 

The action of the heart is so closely identified with the 
lungs that both have to be taken into consideration. 
Quicken the motion of the one and you accelerate the 
other, but not in the same proportion. For instance, 
when a horse is breathing tranquilly the respirations 
are from four to eight in a minute, and the pulsations 
thirty-six to forty. As you increase the motion of the 
lungs by fast work, the respirations will be multiplied 
till the ratio will be as one to two, possibly two to 
three. Suppose that, in driving your horse, you keep up 
the rate of speed until he becomes distressed ; the respi- 
rations would probably be forty to forty-five times in a 
minute, with the pulsations at seventy-five to eighty. 
The inspirations at times would be a good deal longer 
than the expirations, frequently sighing and " blowing 
out " suddenly. This arises from the amount of adipose 
matter interfering with the heart and lungs, restricting 
the first and enfeebling the others, and it would be along 
time before he would recover and the circulation and 
breathing be restored to their natural condition. You 
get rid of the superfluities, and drive him until he exhibits 
great fatigue, having gone perhaps two or three miles, the 
respirations have increased to two-thirds that of the heart. 
Still the expirations and inspirations are nearly equal, and 
there is very little if any sighing. He blows out freely 
and forcibly, recovering the natural breathing in much 
less time than before. In the first case he would have 
been " dead beat ; " in the second, by taking a pull he 
would " come again " and make another struggle. This 
shows that rapid respiration and arterial action can be 
kept up if the organs are in a proper state. The main 
muscle acting on the lungs and assisting in respiration is 



24 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

the diaphragm. In forcible expiration the abdominal 
muscles act with great power. It will be useless to take 
much time to show that if an excessive deposit of fat 
exists their aid will be much diminished. Fat within the 
chest is laid in layers beneath the serous coating, and 
about the base of the heart. It materially affects the 
breathing by encroaching on the pulmonary chamber, 
and interfering with the expansion of the lungs, so that 
the minute air cells can not be filled to the extent of their 
capacity as they can when freed from this obstruction. 
If the heart is healthy, there is room within the pericar- 
dium for all its motions, contraction and expansion not 
being greatly restricted by the outside coating of fat. 
But this coating does affect the equalization or rythm 
of the pulsations when the action is hurried, so it 
becomes necessary to remove the obstruction here as 
elsewhere. The change in the blood, from the time it 
leaves the heart by the arteries till it is returned by the 
veins, after having been aerated in the lungs, is a won- 
derful provision of nature for it to obtain properties from 
the atmosphere essential to the existence of life. 

The passage of the blood to the extremities of the 
vessels that convey it, is accompanied in sweating by 
another phenomenon, viz: the forcing the moisture 
through the pores of the skin, which we call sweat. In 
the evacuations from the bowels and kidneys there is 
never a particle of fat, and the emaciation following purg- 
ing or excessive stalling is not due to fat being carried 
from the body directly, but to causes resulting therefrom. 
In exudation, however, the oily part of the blood is got 
rid of as well as the watery fluid that accompanies it. 
You will perceive, when a horse takes his first sweats, the 
moisture is of a thick, unctious nature, forming a lather 
like soap when it meets with friction from the clothes or 
harness. As the horse's body becomes freed from impur- 
ities, the sweat becomes thinner and cleaner, finally hav- 
ing the appearance ot clean water as it trickles down his 
legs. The skin, then appears to be the most direct way 
of getting rid of the fat, and not only the most direct but 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 25 

the most natural. The fat, in the first place, being depos- 
ited by the blood, the loss of the oily portion in sweating 
is replaced by the absorbants working on the surplus in 
store, removing it from where the original deposit was 
made, and, as the sweatings are continued, exhausting all 
that we desire to get rid of. There are other changes, 
probably, that take place in the blood, one being a greater 
fluidity, perhaps occasioned by an increase of heat. It 
would appear that the abstraction of the watery particles 
would have a contrary effect, yet I am satisfied that this 
is counteracted by an opposing force, which I cannot 
explain, rendering the arteries and veins less liable to 
engorgement than when the circulating fluid had proper- 
ties which made it more difficult to propel through them. 
From the relief afforded by copious and repeated sweat- 
ings, we might infer that the abstraction of the fatty 
globules in the blood was the means of lessening the 
labor of the heart, which is of the greatest importance 
when the blood is sent bounding along more than twice 
as fast as when the animal is at rest. The theory that the 
pulsation keeps time to the step is, I believe, correct when 
the action is much hurried. Hence, when a horse is mak- 
ing a fraction more than two bounds in a second, the work 
of the heart is greatly increased, and the labor of that 
vital force-pump would be much lessened by the blood 
being easier to urge through the tubing of the veins as 
fast as the accelerated pace required that it should be. 
It will be readily seen that nearly all the inside fat will 
have to be got away before the respiratory organs are 
capable of performing their functions in a manner that 
will endure fast work. The heart is also facilitated in its 
operations by the removal, and the diaphragm and abdom- 
inal muscles can act with far greater force. The whole 
internal economy is in a measure changed, the muscles 
of the stomach are strengthened, and digestion is better 
and more rapid. The gastric juices are more intimately 
blended with the contents of the stomach, and the waste 
for the bowels to carry off is less acrid and easier expelled. 
We will also find that the same process will get rid of the 



26 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

external fat, and while the load is lightened for the horse 
to carry, and the muscular system is brought to a higher 
state of vigor, it also assists in the expansion of the chest. 
The intercostal muscles, or the muscles between the ribs, 
have a good deal to do with respiration, and the reduction 
of the neck removes the unnecessary load of fat which 
surrounds the wind-pipe, giving more room for it to con- 
vey the air to the bronchial tubes, and through them to 
the lungs. I have just said that the same process gets 
rid of fat whenever it is deposited either among the inter- 
nal vicera or where it surrounds the muscles. This is so, 
yet we can so modify it in practice that the effect will be 
greater in absorbing the interior than the exterior deposit. 
Thus you will frequently see an animal in racing condi- 
tion with a fair covering of hard flesh over the general 
exterior of the body. Till we remove from the lungs and 
heart the adipose deposit that hinders their working, we 
cannot give exercise to be of much benefit to the muscles 
of locomotion. The first sweats, then, will have to be 
given independent of speed, which these organs are yet 
unable to endure. The questions attending sweating for 
the outward formation are not so complicated. The 
muscles are masses of elastic fibers, terminated by the 
tendons on which they act by contraction and relaxation. 
Thus, while one set exert their force in one direction 
by contraction, the opposite are lengthened so not to 
interfere with the power applied. Some run parallel with 
the tendons, others cross these in an oblique direction, 
and still others at nearly right angles from the first. The 
fat is deposited where they overlap each other, filling up 
the interstices and giving prominence to the muscles by 
pushing the outside one out. In a very fat horse there is 
a further deposit of adipose matter between the skin and 
body, sometimes covering the muscles of the ribs to quite 
a depth. This is entirely useless, while that in the inter- 
stices has a duty to perform of great importance, viz.: 
lubricating the fibers so that the friction at the points of 
attrition is much lessened. The muscles become harder 
and more tendonous as they are made to perform active 
duty. This change takes place as the result of exercise, 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 27 

as does not the removal of fat, when that removal is 
dependent on other agencies than muscular exertion. 
Exercise is the only means of effecting this change of the 
muscular system, and the amount of work best adapted 
to effect this end is varied in almost every animal that has 
to undergo the conditioning process. As the fat is wasted, 
there ought to be a proportional increase of muscle, and 
which will invariably ensue if the training has been prop- 
erly attended to. 

Sweating under clothes has also a local effect. This 
is an advantage which no other system of depletion can 
boast of, and the benefits of which can hardly be over 
estimated. If it were otherwise, we would be compelled 
to bring one part of the horse's body much lower than we 
would like it in order that some other part might be in a 
condition to stand the requirements of fast work. 

There is nothing like the danger of over -sweating the 
neck that there is in the chest, which will bear a great 
deal of reduction. We may reduce the muscles that 
cover the shoulder-blade too much, but the intercostal 
and abdominal muscles will bear some reduction if it is 
necessary to get rid of any fat in the immediate vicinity. 
There is a vast difference between young and matured 
horses, both as to the necessity and effects of sweating, 
and the treatment given some aged horses would ruin a 
colt. The reason is, that young horses are not so fat in- 
side as older ones, and reducing them inside would be 
accompanied by the wasting of the muscles. Till colts 
can go fast enough to tire themselves, there is ordinarily 
no necessity for sweating them under clothes more than 
enough to cleanse the skin. They will sweat enough in 
their work to answer all purposes. 

THE SWEAT. 

The night before you sweat your horse, give him a 
bran mash in lieu of his regular feed of grain, and only 
half the ordinary allowance of water, and half his usual 
allowance of hay, and if a gross feeder muzzle him. In 
the morning, give him not over two quarts of oats when 



28 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

you feed your other horses, and no water, and as soon as 
he has eaten the grain muzzle him, groom him as usual, 
and about eight o'clock give him a walk for half an hour. 
By the time he has been walked the bran mash will have 
performed its office, and he will be emptied out and 
ready to prepare for the sweat. Take him into the sta- 
ble, take a long, soft woolen blanket and double it to- 
gether so it will be full length and half the width, throw 
it over his back and bring the end under his belly; be 
careful to have it straight and free from wrinkles — it 
ought to lap a foot or more — fasten it with safety skew- 
ers, or, what is better, four strings sewed onto the side of 
the blanket a little below where it crosses the back bone, 
and the same number on the end that you bring between 
the fore and hind legs ; then it can be fastened without 
any danger of wounding the skin. Take a little lighter 
blanket and double it in the same way, and fold it as 
many times around the neck, enveloping it from the 
shoulders to the ears ; now take another blanket, but 
smaller, and cover the horse all over with it, tying it 
under the tail and around the breast. A hood large 
enough to cover the shoulders, without ear pieces. A 
Kersey suit over this, buckled at the flank ; hood with 
ear pieces, and his costume is complete. Let out your 
harness to accommodate the extra amount of clothing, 
and hitch him into the sulky. (Have a drink made for 
him of oat meal and water, which make a little above 
blood heat by adding hot water.) Walk him and jog a 
couple of miles, when the perspiration will begin to start 
some, and you can give him a drink of the warm gruel, 
a few swallows (two or three), which will facilitate the 
flow. Then give him a couple of miles more jogging, 
fast enough to start the moisture, and go to the stable, 
unhitch him, but throw immediately onto him a couple 
of extra blankets to retain all the heat. He will labor in 
breathing, but give him another swallow of the warm 
drink, when the perspiration will begin to run down his 
legs and ooze through the blankets. Don't be alarmed 
at the profuse flow ; you will see that he doesn't breathe 
as hard as before, and the arteries will become more 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 29 

elastic and the pulsations less rapid. Have your scrapers 
and rubbers ready, unbuckle the hood and outside blanket, 
throw the hood across his loin and turn back the clothes so 
as to expose his chest, throw the neck wrapper to one side 
and scrape him out carefully. Have help enough to rub him 
gently around the head and ears while you, after cover- 
ing the neck and chest, scrape his back, sides and quar- 
ters ; be careful not to irritate him. His neck will now 
scrape again ; go all over him again, and then throw off 
all the wet clothes; rub him briskly, but gently, all over 
with dry, clean rubbers, and get some dry, clean clothes 
—blanket and hood — and smooth his hair down the right 
way, put on the blanket and hood and put a light blanket 
over this, outside the tail, and have him walked for fif- 
teen minutes, when you can finish doing him up by dry- 
ing him up slowly, occasionally removing the clothes and 
substituting lighter ones all the time. Wash his feet and 
get the tubs and put his feet into them, and wash his legs 
from the knees and hocks down with warm water. When 
this is done, dip the bandages in hot water and do up his 
legs from the knee and hock to the coronet. Fix up his 
bedding, give him two quarts of drink previously prepared 
by putting a tablespoonful of pure cream tartar into ten 
quarts of water, which is all he ought to have until the 
next morning. Pour out about two quarts of the asced- 
ulated drink at a time, so not to tantalize him by showing 
him more water than you want him to drink at one time. 
Give him two quarts of oats and three or four pounds of 
hay, and when he has eaten it, muzzle him, and leave 
him undisturbed till the next feed. The object of re- 
stricting him in the amount of water, is that the absorb- 
ents will take hold of the fat, which they would not do if 
you give him an unlimited supply of fluids. A good 
clear warm day should always be taken advantage of to 
give a horse a sweat, and you should be careful not to 
get into a draft of air in the cooling out process. His 
next feed will be his regular evening meal of oats and 
hay, which ought to be curtailed about one-third in 
amount, but the morning following feed him as usual, 
and give water likewise. 



30 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 



CHAPTER VIII. 

TREATMENT AFTER THE SWEAT. 

Hitch up your horse the morning after his sweat and 
jog him three or four miles slowly, but don't give him 
any fast work until the day after. If you have not over- 
done the sweating, your horse will act and step out as 
light as a feather, and his eye will be clear and bright. 
You can't fail to see if your horse don't feel as well as 
common. You will, the second day after the sweat, give 
him some fast work, but not up to his limit of speed, as 
this should never be done except in a trial, and I don't 
think half mile trials amount to much, only to teach 
the horse to quit after he has gone to the half mile pole. 
In the early part of the horse's preparation a half mile 
heat is well enough to gauge the speed he has, but I 
would not persist in half mile trials. I will say a little 
more about walking. In the early part of the horse's 
training, walking exercise in the morning should be given 
when the dew is on the grass, and walk him so he can 
have the benefit of it on his legs and feet. A walk to- 
wards evening of an hour, with the privilege of picking 
grass, will be enjoyed by the animal and his appetite and 
constitution benefited. In training horses a man must 
get up in the morning. A horse in training ought to be 
fed at five o'clock in the morning, after having a few swal- 
lows of water, two quarts of oats, his bed shaken up and 
stall cleaned of manure and wet straw. After you have 
had your breakfast, clean his coat and feet and give him 
a little walk in the dew, hitch him into the sulky and 
give him his work, after which he can be fed two quarts 
more oats and some hay, and watered. Now fix up his 
bed and leave him to himself till three o'clock in the af- 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 31 

ternoon, when you can feed him two quarts more oats r 
and when they are eaten give him some more water, after 
which you can give him his afternoon or evening walk, 
when is your opportunity to let him eat some grass, and 
after he has been returned to the stable, hand rub his 
legs a little, see if he has cuffed himself anywhere, pick 
and wash out his feet, have his bed fixed up a little and 
return him to his stall till seven o'clock, when you can 
give him his feed of four quarts of oats and his full al- 
lowance of water, and what hay he needs. Some horses 
need a little corn to keep up their flesh and stamina, and 
some very ravenous feeders, by mixing a little shelled 
corn in the oats, will be compelled to eat slower and mas- 
ticate the grain properly. You ought always to have on 
hand, ears of corn, good, sound oats and wheat bran, the 
coarser and lighter in weight to the bushel the better, to- 
be used for bran mashes. You want salt handy, also. 



HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 



CHAPTER IX. 

WATCHFULNESS NOW THE ORDER OF THE DAY. 

Your trotter now being on the high road to the object 
of your ambition, viz, to beat 2:30, you want to see that 
he gains in speed and style of going, and if you are train- 
ing in the vicinity of a track you will have opportunities 
to see how he likes company, and you should try and 
get him used to it. You want to take care he doesn't take 
on too much flesh, if he is a hardy horse, and also you 
don't want to over-work him. By reference to the article 
on sweating, you will learn by noticing the inspirations 
and expirations of air to and from his lungs when pulled 
up after fast work, and how he does it ; how he is pro- 
gressing in his training in respect to his internal organs. 
If he '* blows out " forcibly after fast work and fatiguing 
exercise, and recovers rapidly, it is fair to assume that he 
is doing well. As a horse approaches racing condition, 
the quicker and more completely does he recover from 
exhaustion in a short space of time. Your judgment 
must continually guide you now ; once a week is often 
enough, ordinarily, lor a horse to have fast work. You 
had better save him some and let him trot himself into 
condition than to have him right on edge the first race 
you start in. 

If you contemplate giving your horse only one race 
and then laying him out of work, that is a different affair 
from trotting through half a dozen meetings, and in 
that case should be on edge if you expect him to distin- 
guish himself, for it is exceedingly rare for a green horse 
and a green driver to win their first race, unless they lay 
over the rest of the entries in speed by several seconds, 
and then, if you have the most speed, some man may out 
drive you. 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 33 

But your horse should have five repeats before you 
start him to win a race, and one of them should be of 
three heats; the others just mile and repeat. But never 
give your horse a repeat within five days of a race, or 
after you start into a campaign. If he trots one race 
each week, he will not need any repeating, and, while I 
think of it, I wish to state that there is not a horse that 
ever marked the earth that can not be made to quit y by 
overwork. And here is where many horses not possess- 
ing the the stamina afforded by thoroughbred crosses 
have gone wrong, the trainer not having the judgment to 
tell him when to let up in the work. Always work your 
horse in the forenoon, when he can get the benefit of the 
sun. A horse worked only in the cool of the day will 
wilt like a mushroom when started in a race in the heat 
of the afternoon. 



S4 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 



CHAPTER X. 

FINANCIAL MATTERS DISCUSSED A LITTLE. 

It takes a smarter man to campaign a trotter or string 
of them and come out in the Fall with enough money to 
pay him for his time, risk and amount of capital invested, 
even if he has a winner to handle, than it does to do any 
other kind of business. You may inquire, how can this 
be; that a man controlling a winner, viz., one that is an 
average horse in his class, and not make anything out of it ? 
It is this way : these men ordinarily beat themselves. 
They get into some job to work the pool box, and the 
first they know they are left. James Wade, formerly 
owner of Red Cloud (now dead), can tell you how it 
works. He entertained the writer last summer one after- 
noon with his experience with a trotter who, by the way, 
was a winner. The business left a lasting impression 
upon Mr. Wade's mind. He went into the campaign in- 
experienced, but he knows all about the business now — 
no little job to let somebody else win will ever capture 
him now — not if he can win. If you are going to 
handle one horse to develop him, you might as well have 
two or three. It would use up more of the time and 
not be so monotonous. You could help pay the ex- 
penses by handling a couple of others besides your own 
horse, and afford to hire a good man to rub and take 
care. When you hire a rubber you had better give him 
double pay and get a good man than to have a bumrner 
do your work for nothing. Good horses cost money and 
are worth money, and no class of property requires as 
faithful, sober men to take care of it as property invested 
in race horses. Still, fifty per cent, of the rubbers in 
charge of good horses representing a large outlay of 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 35 

capital you would not trust to watch a lumber pile. But 
owners are requiring better men than formerly, to do 
work around trotters and pacers, and will not have men 
addicted to drunkenness and dissipation, and it is right. 
You want a man whom you can trust to sleep in the barn, 
and take care of the horses and premises, and back bone 
enough to clean out all bummers and tramps who or- 
dinarily infest training grounds and not have them sleep- 
ing and loafing around the premises at night. 

If it is your first experience try and manage it so you 
can relate during the hours spent around the stove in the 
winter coming, some of your experience in the charmed 
circle, with that feeling of satisfaction which is afforded 
by the fact that you got there. 



36 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 



[ CHAPTER XI. 

A FAST TROTTER OR PACER IS ONE THING, BUT A RACE- 
HORSE is another: and nothing makes RACE-HORSES 

BUT RACES. — NECESSITY OF RACES TO THOROUGHLY 
DEVELOP A HORSE AND FIND OUT WHAT THERE IS IN 
HIM. 

You will never be satisfied as to the capacity of your 
horse until you have had him in a race. So you will 
naturally look around and see where you had better enter 
him. You will probably select the three minute and two 
forty classes as the proper place to give him a chance to 
distinguish himself, although there is more danger at the 
present time of getting a record for your horse, that you 
would rather not have in the three minute, than in the 
" two forty class, " as nearly all the fliers make their 
debut in the slower classes. But make your entries 
where you think you will have a fair chance given you to 
win, if you can, and I would select a meeting where the 
track belonged to the National Association, for such or- 
ganizations are responsible, and in case you are not satis- 
fied with the treatment you get, you stand a chance to get 
some satisfaction if you are really in the right, by an ap- 
peal. Make your entry according to the conditions 
published and send the money to pay the entrance fee, 
you will have to pay it any way, and you might as well 
do it first as last. 

If possible get to the track in time to secure good 
stabling for your horses, and get an extra stall for a feed 
room, to put your hay and feed in, as well as the rest of 
your traps. You want above all things a good sulky, 
made by one of the reliable makers, of which there are a 
number, which vary in price from one hundred to a 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 37 

hundred and fifty dollars. A well built fifty or fifty-five 
pound sulky, will carry you around any turn at any rate 
of speed if you know how to sit in it, with perfect safety, 
and will tear down any ordinary buggy if you should run 
into it. These well built sulkies may bend, but very 
rarely break, so patronize a builder of known reputation. 
You want plenty of sheets, woolen and linen. Your 
woolen blankets which are not in use will come in play 
to hang on lines around the stalls to keep the air from 
blowing through the cracks in the stable, as at some 
places you can throw a cat through the cracks. Take 
plenty of rubbers, a couple of lanterns, curry combs, 
brushes, sponges, pails, foot tub, foot picks, boots, 
bandages, and hooks with screw eye and screw staples, 
are very handy to put on doors while you stay, and when 
you pack up take them away again. You want an oat 
seive and a two quart measure, a Marine clock with an 
alarm, a half gallon of leg wash of some kind, Castile 
soap, hammer or hatchet, foot rasp, a pair of pinchers and 
small saw. You can have a chest or large trunk that 
you can pack all these things into except the foot tub. 
You will need .all the articles I have enumerated and 
many more, and it is not a convenient place to borrow 
things at a race track. A couple of camp stools and a 
hammock are articles of convenience and don't take up 
much room. But the most important thing I have 
omitted, and that is money enough to carry you as far as 
you want to go, if you don't win a cent. It contributes 
so largely to a man's peace of mind, and is, I believe, a 
powerful nervine, and will assist you immensely by its 
influence when you get up to drive the race. You will 
meet the %ang when you get there, probably, or some of 
them ; they will size you up right away as a "tenderfoot," 
let them enjoy their convictions, and talk about anything 
but your horses and what you know about the business, 
they will find out all you want them to know, without 
you informing them. After getting located to suit you, 
get plenty of straw, and if your stall has no board or plank 
floor get some boards and put down before you make up 



38 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

the beds, if you have to buy the lumber; then fix up the 
things you have brought in their respective places; you 
want a clothesline to go around the stalls to hang the 
blankets on. You will have no trouble about buying 
what feed you want, nearly all the tracks now furnish 
hay and straw free. If you have shipped by rail (which 
is always the way to move, if you don't go more than 
twenty-five miles, unless you go with the horse yourself), 
don't hook up your horse until the next morning; you 
may give him his regular evening walk and let him get 
all the rest he can. Do not change the feeding time or 
manner of feeding or kind of feed from what you have 
been using all the time, and observe what the character 
of the water is and how it varies from the water at home, 
and govern your actions accordingly. Get a place to 
board as near as possible to your horses, so that you can 
go to your meals and leave your man or men in charge 
of the stable till you gel back ; never leave your horses 
alone, even if you lock the stalls; there is no necessity 
for doing it if you have men you can rely upon, and if 
you have not, get different ones. You are out to make 
a dollar if you can with your horses and you will need to 
attend strictly to business. Don't try to drink up all the 
'* Conversation Water " that comes in your way; that has 
been tried by some very hardy individuals of my ac- 
quaintance, and no man ever lived to accomplish it. In 
short, conduct yourself just as well as though you had 
your wife along with you, and set a good example for 
your men, it will have its effect and accrue to your bene- 
fit invariably. 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 



CHAPTER XII. 

GENERAL VIEWS ABOUT WINNING IF YOU CAN. 

Some men are continually contriving to save a record. 
I never saw one of these men have a horse that could get 
a record that would be fast enough to hurt him. You 
never can win either, by staying behind, you have got to 
get up in front to win. It is a very rare thing for any 
horse to be fast longer than two seasons in succession, 
There are some exceptions to this rule, however, as in- 
stanced in the case of Goldsmith Maid, Dexter, Rarus, 
and Driver, and that is about all I think of now. So if 
you have got the speed and staying qualities, you had 
better make use of them ; you can not tell how long you 
will have either. Horse flesh is a very uncertain com- 
modity. 

A man having a horse in a race and driving him him- 
self, has a great percentage in his favor over any outside 
bettor. He can not help but know whether he can win 
or not, and he will know if there is any " fixing " going 
on. Where a strange field of horses come together, 
every body is at sea when contemplating the relative 
chances of the starters. Occasionally there is a horse 
that cannot win a race, but can brush and speed so fast 
that if the driver is as astute as a number of men I could 
mention, he will be approached by some backer of a 
horse who desires to win the race, and an offer of a divide 
will be made in advance of the start, which arrangement 
is ordinarily effected. It is very amusing to observe the 
tangle these fixers sometimes get themselves into, by 
leaving out of the arrangement the wrong horse, or the 
one that proves to be able to win the race in spite of all 
the ingenuity of the opposition. The pacing race at 



40 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

Chicago, in 1883, where the Missouri pacer, Richball, 
downed them all, when he had been bringing but ten 
dollars in a hundred and twenty in the pools, is an 
instance where the discovery was made too late, and the 
" posted division " met their " Waterloo." 

No business sharpens a man's perceptive faculties like 
managing race horses, or awakens him to the fact that he 
may be operating out of his proper sphere. I never 
could see the odds that we often see one horse bring 
over the " field," when there is a large field of good 
horses to start, and all of them good ones and known to 
be by previous performances nearly matched in point of 
speed and staying qualities. In a race wheie such a field 
of starters show up, I want the short end to begin with, 
for it very frequently occurs that before the race is won, 
the hot favorite is selling in the field, and you can get 
both ends of the race and go out and set down and see 
them fight it out, as you will be ahead whoever wins. A 
man under these circumstances can view the race with a 
calmness that is truly blissful. 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 41 



CHAPTER XIII. 

TOE WEIGHTS CHANGING THE WAY OF GOING. 

Toe weights have played an important part in devel- 
oping the speed and steadiness in way of going in trot- 
ters, and are of recent discovery, comparatively. As 
near as I can ascertain, they were first used by James 
Wilson, of Rushville, Ind., who was the owner of that 
phenominal sire of trotters, Old Blue Bull, and who now 
leads all others in the number of his get that have ob- 
tained records of 2-30 and better in many a hotly con- 
tested race. Many of Blue Bull's get were either pacing 
or mixed gaited horses, and by the judicious use of toe 
weights, they were easily converted to the trotting gait of 
the purest character, and nearly every converted pacer, 
that possessed a sufficient amount of " hard bottom " 
blood, have proved themselves horses of no ordinary 
capacity in their day and time. But I think many good 
horses have been injured by wearing more weight than 
was absolutely necessary, which has had the effect of 
straining the muscles and tendons, and by injuring the 
feet, by bringing them in contact with the ground with 
greater force than the feet were calculated to stand with- 
out serious results. After a horse has been converted, I 
think the weights should be decreased in ounces gradu- 
ally, to the lowest point possible, and more reliance be 
placed upon skillful driving, to keep the horse level in 
his gait. Many horses that are pure gaited trotters can 
trot faster, and without detriment to themselves, by wear- 
ing a reasonable amount of weight on each fore foot, 
as the weight at the apex of the toe has the effect 
to straigthen out the fore leg when extended, and 
thus gain in length of stride, whereby they can trot 



42 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

the mile out from 2 to 5 seconds faster than they 
could without them. There are a dozen different styles 
of toe weights that have, as. claimed by their respective 
inventors, their advantages, and of their usefulness in 
many cases there is no question, and I might add that 
they are indispensable as part of your outfit as a trotting 
horse trainer. In the development of speed in horses 
that are mixed gaited, by this I mean horses that cannot 
either pace or trot squarely, weights will always have to 
be resorted to, if you desire to square them and save time 
in doing so. The application of a 4 or 6 ounce weight to 
each hind foot, on the outside, has the effect of opening 
their gait behind and thereby improving the way of go- 
ing. 

A trotter that puts one hind foot past his front foot on 
the outside, but carries the other hind foot in line with the 
front one on the same side is something very annoying to a 
trainer. The foot that does not go out where it ought to 
is ordinarily shod with a shoe twice as heavy on the out- 
side as on the inside, and sometimes a side weight is 
used, and there are cases where the reverse has been re- 
sorted to with success This is accounted for by some 
men as sympathetic. The mare Adelaide by Phil Sheri- 
dan, placed one hind foot between her front ones instead 
of going outside with both hind feet. She could go very 
fast and got a record of 2-19% this way of going, but 
these examples are rare. Many experiments will have to 
be resorted to in order to gait some horses properly, while 
others are the poetry or motion. If you have a horse 
that uses one hind leg properly and swings the other in 
line with his front foot, if a side weight or a shoe with 
the weight in the outside half doesn't have the desired 
effect, reverse the matter and shoe that foot light, with an 
ordinary shoe, and shoe the foot that is carried properly, 
same as you have previously shod the other, and use a 
side weight also. This has had the effect in some cases, 
of inducing the horse to carry both legs properly. Many 
experiments have to be resorted to, in order to get some 
horses to go square. 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 43 

CHAPTER XIV. 

MANAGEMENT BEFORE AND IN THE RACE. 

We will assume now that your horse is good enough 
to keep the starters company in the race, as far as speed 
is concerned, but never having been in a race, you can 
not tell how he will act in scoring among a half dozen 
starters, some up in the air, and some in front, some be- 
hind, the crowd in the ampitheatre and along the inside 
railing to the track all excited and more or less noise, is 
all calculated to somewhat excite a green trotter, and a 
green driver as well. If you are going to start your 
horse in a race to-morrow, you should observe some of 
the hints before spoken of, as to the curtailment of hay 
and water, to-night. In the morning give the horse his 
regular feed of oats at the regular time, and a little hay, 
and probably walking exercise will be all he will require ; 
and at ten o'clock give him two more quarts of oats and 
a few swallows of water. He will not want any thing 
more until an hour before you start, you can give him a 
pint of oats; it doesn't amount to much but satisfies the 
animal, and he will not miss his afternoon feed so much 
if the race should be prolonged by broken heats. Get 
everything ready and have boots, if you wear boots on 
the horse, that will protect him ; they should be made to 
fit. You will need quarter boots any way, and probably 
knee boots, and hind leg, shin and pass boots ; at all 
events give him what protection he needs, and own them 
yourself; don't borrow or depend on borrowing; have 
bandages, sponges, pail of water, etc., handy. If you go 
to the stable to rub out you will only have to take a pail 
of water and sponges to the quarter stretch to sponge 
out with. If you do not weigh 150 pounds have your 
extra weight to make that in the cushion to your sulky. 
Hitch up about fifteen minutes before you will be called, 
and proceed to warm up for the heat, and accustom the 
horse to the crowd and the music (if there is any), and the 



44 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

general surroundings, but don't unnecessarily excite him. 
When the judges have drawn the positions for each 
horse the bell will call you all up, and you will proceed 
to weigh, get your colors and position. When you are 
all ready to score for a start, you will go to the distance 
stand, or where you think best, watching the rest closely, 
and turn as soon as any of them and come down to the wire 
in the position assigned to you. You will never get the 
word the first attempt, but if it is not a "go" you will be 
signaled by the bell to come back, where as if it is a 
" go " the judges will say "go," in which case go on. If 
you have the pole and can keep it, do so, and don't 
" shrink " or " cringe " if some chap comes close to you. 
Never let anybody drive you into the fence nor carry 
you out on the turns ; stay where you are and keep your 
horse level. If any of them can out trot you they will be 
entitled to the pole, but never have any fear at this 
point ; remember if they run into you, you can hurt them 
as much as they do you, and if you don't flinch they will 
not try it again. Drivers do not ordinarily drive into a 
man known to be resolute and game ; when they do it is 
owing to being mistaken in the man. If your horse hap- 
pens to leave his feet don't snatch him, but let him take 
one, two or three jumps, steady him, and by a little skill- 
ful management you will be able to land him on his feet 
without slackening his pace, as a steady pull to land him 
in a trot is the proper thing. It is all wrong to teach a 
trotter when he leaves his feet to come almost to a stand- 
still before you catch him, as you will lose so much 
ground you will not be able to regain it, and thereby 
lose the heat. If it is evident that you can win the heat 
and you want to do so, go on ; but there is no use in 
winning with a dozen lengths to spare. You will save 
getting a lower mark for your horse by winning by a 
length, and it will answer all purposes. After you have 
won the heat, or finished it, slacken the gait and jog back 
to the stand, where your rubber should be to take the 
horse, while you dismount, by permission of the judges, 
and weigh, which by consulting the rules of the National 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 45 

Trotting Association, you will find is one of the require- 
ments. You will now attend to the wants of your horse. 
Slip him out of the sulky, slip off the harness, and cover 
him up so as to insure a scrape ; pull off the boots and 
have a set of wet bandages (not cold) and do up his legs 
immediately. Shower some water, with a sponge, on his 
poll and forehead, sponge out his mouth and move him 
until you get a scrape, when you can proceed to dry him 
out some with the rubbers. You will have ample time 
without any need of hurry or confusion, to get your horse 
ready for the next heat, as you will have twenty minutes 
any way, and if two races are sandwiched, you will have 
half an hour. A few sweet apples are the finest thing 
you can have to give him while he is walking — two or 
three between the heats — and a little wisp of hay. You 
can give him a couple of swallows of water and sponge 
out his mouth the last thing after having hitched up for 
the next heat. 

You must pay attention to his legs and see that the 
boots have not chafed him. The wash you have must be 
used on his legs, and can be used over his shoulders and 
loins when you strip those parts to scrape him. You will 
cool out in the open air, and in the warm season of the 
year there is very little danger of his getting chilly ; the 
sun will not hurt him unless he is very much fatigued, in 
which case you may walk in the shade 

This is the general way of conducting a race, and you 
will by this time have accumulated considerable experi- 
ence of your own. If your horse is strong in his legs and 
not very much fatigued by the heat he has trotted, there 
may be no real necessity for bandages, but they will do 
no harm, are put on in a moment, and may be of service ; 
and if weak in any of his legs they are positively neces- 
sary. Before you put the boots back onto him brush all 
the sand out of them and scrape off with a knife any ac- 
cumulation of sweat that will come in contact with the 
skin. A boot that chafes a horse may make him un- 
steady and flighty, and practically defeat every other 
effort you have made to win the race. 



46 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 



CHAPTER XV. 

VALUE OF TROTTERS AS COMPARED WITH THAT OF 
PACERS. 

Individual trotters of the first-class have as yet sold for 
more money than any pacer. But allow me to predict, 
(and I am not interested in any pacer or sire of pacers), 
that the time will come when a first-class pacer will bring 
as much as a trotter of the same degree of merit. There 
is a reason at present existing that is manifest, why a 
pacer is not as valuable in dollars for racing purposes, as 
a trotter. This is it : There are a thousand fast trotters 
where there are ten pacers, and consequently, trotting 
associations that are composed of men largely interested 
in breeding trotters, and as trotters predominate in such 
a degree, more money by far is offered by such associa- 
tions to be competed for by trotters ; and until within 
two years, there was no show anywhere for a pacer if he 
was not a "Whirlwind" in point of speed, and for this 
reason, men who wanted to invest money in racing stock 
bought trotters because there was a greater number of 
chances to win out their investment in races. But the 
pacer can no longer be ignored, he is bound to come to 
the front, the public demand it. You over-hear men 
talking now a days about attending a meeting, many of 
whom cannot leave their business more than one day 
perhaps, and nine out of ten of this class, will ask what day 
do the pacers go? "I want to see the " Sidewheelers." 
Any day at a race meeting where a large field of pacers 
are advertised to start, there will be a good attendance ; 
it is the attraction of the day and meeting, as a race among 
a fair field of pacers of any class, has been invariably worth 
seeing, they have in the past invariably "gone for blood," 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 47 

and the receipts at the gate and pool-box, have been 
very satisfactory. There have been more genuine sur 
prises in the pacing races of the last two years, than in 
any other, and that element of uncertainty which lends, its 
charm to racing of any kind, is intensified. The general 
verdict is " no man can pick a winner in the pacing 
race," and in conclusion I will say, I had rather own a 
fast pacer than be President of the United States, in so 
far as fun and money are concerned. It is gratifying and 
interesting to contemplate the fact that the American 
people can produce almost anything there is a demand 
for, in an incredible short space of time, and the pacer is 
a case in point, in proof of this assertion, as until quite 
recently, fast pacers were very scarce, now I can name a 
number who can almost break a watch with their speed* 
and a number yet to hear from not yet distinguished. 
Any gentleman desiring information concerning pacers, 
their pedigrees, location of birth, and general history, 
should correspond with Mr. N. A.. Randall, of Indianap- 
olis, proprietor of the Western Sportsman, who knows 
more about the pacing element in Indiana, Kentucky, 
and Illinois, than any man I have met. 



48 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 



CHAPTER XVI. 

WINTERING A TROTTER OR PACER WITH THE VIEW OF 
CAMPAIGNING HIM THE FOLLOWING SEASON. 

Unless a horse has some infirmity at the close of the 
season when it is intended to devote his powers to racing 
the following season, there is no good reason as I can see. 
for a complete let-up in his training. But if he is weak in 
his legs, and it is evident that comparative rest will not 
renew his accustomed strength and stoutness, he will have 
to have a let-up, and a course of blistering or firing re- 
sorted to, and before you do it, if you are not a compe- 
tent judge yourself of what is necessary to be done in the 
case, consult some Veterenarian of standing in his pro- 
fession, and follow his directions in the matter. But if 
on the contrary, the horse is all plumb on his legs, a 
season of comparative rest and good care, will take him 
through the Winter, and bring him out in the Spring in 
fine fettle, and eager again to renew the contest which 
will be ever ready to welcome him, providing he is not a 
" ringer." After you get him home, give him a chance to 
eat all the fresh grass he wants, and let him up in his 
work, jogging him short distances about every other day, 
and if there have been any inflammatory symptoms about 
his legs or elsewhere, they will shortly disappear. You 
can have his shoes removed and replace them with a set 
of tips, which will answer all purposes for him to do his 
jogging in, and will give his feet a chance to expand by 
allowing the heels to come in contact with the ground, 
but don't stop feeding him a reasonable amount of oats 
daily. When icy roads have taken the place of soft dirt 
roads, you will need to have him shod sharp with caulks, 
and give him work enough to keep him in health and 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 49 

bodily strength, and unless you are very anxious to sleigh- 
ride and brush with the boys, you have no need to clip 
him. I would not indulge in speeding him at all during 
the Winter, as he will have all the fast work he wants 
when Springtime comes. A horse wintered in the man- 
ner I have indicated, can be made " June fast," if you 
need the speed thus early. While you are passing the 
Winter months, subscribe for one or more of the Weekly 
Journals of the country, of which there are a number, to- 
wit : Turf, Field and Farm, Spirit of the Times, of New 
York, or the Western Sportsman, of Indianapolis, or the 
Chicago Horseman and Dunton's Spirit of the Turf, pub- 
lished in Chicago, all of which are interesting reading:, 
and devoted to the interests of Horsemen throughout the 
World. No Horseman can read either of these papers 
without learning something of value to him, beside enter- 
taining him during the leisure hours at home. Any ques- 
tion you may desire to ask of any of the foregoing jour- 
nals respecting the treatment for various complaints that 
horses, as well as other domestic animals, are subject to, 
will be answered through their columns by a competent 
Veterinarian employed for that purpose, free of charge, 
which many times is very convenient, especially if you 
reside at a point remote from a Veterinary Surgeon's 
place of business, and also a saving in expense. No 
trotter or pacer should be allowed to lay on a superabun- 
dance of fat in Winter, as it will have to be removed, and 
this must be accomplished at the expense of the legs, 
largely. But a horse can be allowed to lay on some fat, 
it helps him to keep warm, and when time comes to shed 
his coat in Spring, the fat will be there to assist nature in 
the reproduction of the new coat. I should never clip a 
horse designed to be campaigned the following season. 



50 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 



CHAPTER XVII. 

DEVELOPING A PACER. 

Many of the trotting-horse trainers and drivers, even 
of the present day, have had but limited experience in 
this department, if any. I think that Indiana has at 
present more talent in the line of developing pacers than 
any other State, and as it is the home of the pacer it is 
not to be wondered at. A pacer probably will give evi- 
dence, if he is going to show any remarkable speed, 
sooner, and with less trouble, in the hands of a compe- 
tent man, than a trotter. The lateral movements of a 
pacer in action at once demonstrates that there should 
be less trouble, by odds in developing him, than would 
be ordinarily with a trotter. A pacer moves a side at a 
time, or the fore and hind legs of each side of the animal 
move simultaneously; now all that is necessary is, to have 
a level head, and a disposition to "go on," (without which 
no horse is worth a dollar as a race horse,) together with 
the requisite strength bodily, to carry him along, and the 
condition to continue those exertions, and you have a 
pacer. If you have a pacing bred horse, with hard bot- 
tomed crosses in his pedigree, and he 6hows an aptitude 
for pacing, you would, I assume, be foolish to try and 
convert him, and make a trotter of him, it can be done as 
a rule, but the chances are that you would have but an 
indifferent trotter, where you might have had a "whirl- 
wind" in the form of a pacer. I will enumerate some of 
the requisities you will need in developing a pacer. In 
the first place a pacing horse should be shod as light in 
front, with steel shoes, as possible, and have a shoe (not 
a plate) on; and if you have any suspicion he will touch 
his knees, you want the most approved style of knee boot 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 51 

you can find, for when a pacing horse hits his knee, 
squarely, with the other fore foot moving at speed, and 
without boots, you will have a cripple for some time, and 
you therefore never should take any chances. Knee and 
quarter boots are ordinarily all the boots you will need ; 
they are at all events the most important, any others that 
may be needed will suggest themselves as time pro- 
gresses. A pacer can move rapidly with his head ele- 
vated by the check pretty high, with greater ease to him- 
self than can a trotter. You will notice by close attention 
that nearly every pacer that can go fast, goes with his 
head in a peculiar position, nearly all higher than you 
would expect to see them carry their heads if they were 
trotting. There are some exceptions to this rule, it is 
true, but in teaching a pacer to go, you will want his head 
pretty well up, and you can gauge the matter as the re- 
quirements indicate. In five weeks from the time you 
take a green pacer in hand you will be able to judge 
pretty accurately whether you have got any natural speed 
or not. For the horse should — if he was in good plight, as 
regards flesh and soundness when you took him in hand — 
have shown you he has some speed, if there is any 
in him — in four or five weeks. It is the theory of 
some good trainers, that a pacer tires in his legs before 
he does any where else, as evidenced by the fact, that 
when a pacer does leave his feet, he generally makes a 
wild losing break, and is rarely a good breaker. The lat- 
eral movements of the pacing gait will, I think, help to 
establish this theory, as the power applied to move the 
body along at the rapid pace, is not distributed as in the 
the trotter, and he consequently tires sooner. The long 
distant matches of earlier times substantiates this theory; 
notably, the ten mile races between Kentucky Prince and 
Hero, the pacer, in 1853, for $5,000 a side, each race; in 
the first Hero was stopped in the seventh mile and in the 
last he struggled on and quit in the tenth mile. Although 
Hero had a world of speed and had shown a mile in 2-i8£, 
he tired, and in the last race, nine miles in a trifle less 
than twenty-five minutes, was the best he could do. 



52 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

Kentucky Prince winning both races easily, driven by 
the veteran, Hiram Woodruff, while Hero was driven by 
George Spicer, a worthy contemporary of Hiram's. 
Therefore assuming the theory to be correct, that a pacer 
tires in his legs sooner than a trotter, it stands the trainer 
in hand to season the pacers legs thoroughly. The pac- 
ing gait is not as trying to the legs as the trotting gait, 
and consequently the pacer can, and does stand more fast 
work in his preparation for a campaign, or in the course 
of his development than you would subject the average 
trotter to. All the rules of health, feed, care and man- 
agement in his sweats and races are identical to those in 
vogue respecting the management of trotters. The pac- 
ing mare Gurgle, now owned by J. I. Case, Esq., of 
Racine, Wis., is a noticeable example of how near you 
can come to spoiling a pacer of the first magnitude by 
endeavoring to make an indifferent trotter. Pat Dicker- 
son, of North Vernon, Ind., bought her of his brother in 
the Spring of 1883, for six or seven hundred dollars, as a 
trotter, but she demonstrated to her owner's satisfaction 
in the first race he had her in, that he had more'of a pacer 
than trotter, and acting upon the impulse, changed her 
shoes, and at the Chicago meeting she distinguished her- 
self in the great pacing contest, wherein Johnson was the 
winner, by finishing a good second in 2-1 3, and was sold 
then and there to J. I. Case, for, I think, $7,000. This 
was a happy change. Gurgle was sired by the pacing 
stallion Pocahontas Boy, sire of Buffalo Girl, J. H. Clark, 
of Scio, Alleghany County, New York, is owner of Poca- 
hontas Boy. Pacers before they get balanced in their 
gait will often hit the inside of one front foot against 
the inside of the hind foot of the opposite side and 
sometimes " scalp " the inside of the hind pastern, in 
which case a pair of scalping or toe boots would be 
necessary ; but a pair of very light toe weights from 
two to four ounces, ordinarily corrects the habit, and, 
once over it, by continued proper attention to shoeing 
and driving, it rarely returns. I believe a light steel bar 
shoe, not to exceed twelve ounces in weight, for front 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 53 

feet, will suit a pacer better than any other, and I will 
add, that no shoe for any horse is as good as a bar shoe 
properly set. There should be a space between the froa; 
and the bar of the shoe, when first applied, so you can 
readily slip a silver quarter of a dollar between. By using 
a bar shoe, the horse gets a natural frog pressure and 
keeps the frog pressed up into the sole where it belongs, 
and the foot will stay sound longer at fast work, with a 
bar shoe properly applied than with any other. In driv- 
ing a pacer, a different position in the sulky may be as- 
sumed than in driving trotters; a pacer needs more weight 
on his back than a trotter, and the position intended to 
throw as much weight on the horse's back as possible 
should be assumed. In catching a pacer when he makes 
a break, swing him a little sidewise, first one way then the 
other, he has got to catch a side at a time and this motion 
will do it quicker than a pull you would take on a trotter 
to recover him from a break. 

There is a family that belong in Southern Indiana, 
named Stewart, who are natural born handlers of pacers. 
They brought out Flora Bell, Greeley, and a number of 
others, not so distinguished, but fast. I have heard them 
state that a pacer could be made to go as fast as he ever 
would in sixty days. No horse designed to become a fast 
pacer should ever be allowed to trot ; make him either 
pace or walk. A double gaited pacer is a fraud and a delu- 
sion. 



54 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

HARNESSING AND DRIVING HORSES. 

In "hitching a horse," as it is termed among horsemen, 
many men are deficient, otherwise good horsemen. A 
horse with a harness on that does not fit him, is in about 
the same frame of mind as his driver would be with a 
shirt on that is an uncomfortable fit. See that your head- 
stall fits his head, and that the hair in his mane and fore- 
top is not doubled up under the crown piece of the head- 
stall, the saddle should be set at the right point, back of 
withers, and the back strap should be the right length to 
keep the check-rein from pulling the saddle forward onto 
the withers. The girths should be buckled snugly and 
the breeching should be loose enough to give the quarters 
plenty of room, and tight enough not to allow the wagon 
to run on to the horse, should you be obliged to take a 
pull on him. Make a point to see that everything about 
the harness and vehicle is strong, and properly hitched; at- 
tention to this particular often saves many an accident, 
and in some cases, loss of life and property. Martingales 
should be long enough, ordinarily, to allow the reins to 
draw straight from the bit to turrets, and in many cases 
can be dispensed with entirely. The use of head- 
stalls with winkers, can also, in many cases be dispensed 
with. 

In trotting and pacing horses for racing purposes, I 
think an open bridle is preferable. But in road horses 
that are inclined to be slack drivers I think winkers are 
an advantage, as without them a lazy horse is watching 
you and will slacken his gait if he can see you are not 
prepared to give him a cut with the whip. 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 55 

In driving, the whip is an important auxiliary, and you 
should never get in behind a horse without one, but an 
indiscriminate use of the whip will produce unsatisfactory 
results with horses, as well as with the growing generation 
of men. Never use it unless it is necessary, then let the 
horse know that it is no plaything. In driving horses, 
insist upon an even rate of speed when you start them 
up, and don't pull at the bit, only steady the horse, he 
will as he improves in strength and gait, take hold of 
the bit hard enough to suit you. Horses learn to go 
themselves if they are not interfered with and have the 
capacity to go. A horse in a horseman's hands may in a 
short time learn to go a clip that will carry a man ten or 
twelve miles an hour, without any persuasion, and do it 
cheerfully, and passing into another man's hands, get in a 
short time so that he will have to be clubbed to get him 
ten miles in an hour, or else he will graduate into a 
chronic puller ; now this is all in the treatment and driv- 
ing. I have seen some ladies who were exceptionally 
good drivers of road horses and exhibited a judgment 
and discretion found in but few of the sterner sex. For 
horses that shy, and are afraid of objects they are unac- 
quainted with, of course you must be on the lookout for. 
But the fear in the horse is oftener intensified by the 
timid driver, than a catastrophe is averted by such a 
driver's exertions. Watch your horse but don't commu- 
nicate to him through the medium of the reins and bit, 
that you anticipate any unruly exhibition from him. 
There is a magnetism existing which I cannot account 
for, that is communicated from the driver to the horse and 
from the horse to the man through the medium of the 
reins and bit. Any man having had much experience in 
riding and driving horses, can attest to this statement. 
You may go out to drive, not feeling first rate, on a fine 
morning ; if the horse possesses a superabundance of ani- 
mal spirits, you will shortly begin to feel better and ex- 
hilerated by the association. Some may say it is only the 
air and exercise, and constant and rapid change of scenery, 
but I know better, you get into a street car, and ride, 



56 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

eight or ten miles at the same rate as behind the horse 
and you will be able to appreciate the difference. I would 
not give a cent to ride behind a horse if I couldn't drive 
him. I have no doubt many men have experienced the 
difference between riding with a friend, he doing the 
driving, and driving themselves. 

In recovering a horse from a break, some horses acquire 
the habit of catching their gait by a pull upon the left 
rein, some will only catch with the right, which habit is 
formed by the driver to whom they owe their education. 
A horse should not be snatched from side to side but 
steady him until he knows what he is about, and ordina- 
rily by a slight shake of the bit he will recover his trot 
readily. Never allow a horse to slacken his rate of speed 
if it is possible to catch him without doing so. There is 
occasionally a horse that will leave his feet and make a 
couple of jumps, when a steady pull will seemingly catch 
him in the air and he will land in a square trot and ap- 
parently glorying in his accomplishment. Horses that 
leave their feet without cause, like interfering, brushing 
themselves, etc., and are moving entirely within their limit 
of speed, a little whalebone does a world of good, and 
you can make them understand by its use, that you will 
put up with no such foolishness. But before you use the 
whip be sure that the horse is not brushing himself any- 
where, in which case you would commit an unpardonable 
mistake by whipping him, and a horse may be guilty of 
the offense of leaving his feet in & playful manner without 
being able seemingly to control his animal spirits. Work 
is the remedy to be applied in this case instead of the 
whip. 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 5T 



CHAPTER XIX, 

BUYING A HORSE. 

In buying a horse that is supposed to possess speed,, 
insist upon seeing him harnessed and driven, if he is 
broken to harness. Never buy a " lot trotter " unless you 
know to a dead certainty that he will not "shut up "when 
you hitch him in harness. The writer has seen horses that 
in the field, could show you a gait that would seem to 
indicate a capacity to wipe out all previous records, and 
when harnessed could not go fast enough to keep warm. 
Of course, a thorough horseman can judge something of 
the claims to merit a horse or colt may have in respect 
to speed, by observing their action in the field, being able 
by reason of their experience and observation to discrimi- 
nate between a high " tail over the back " gait, and 
genuine trotting action, he would take into consideration 
the conformation of the animal in general, and also his 
near ancestry, or pedigree upon which the writer places 
considerable reliance. I had rather have a green colt 
out of sire and dam who were performers, than out of a 
sire and dam not performers, whose offspring is untried ; 
other things being equal. If a man comes to you and 
says : " I have got a horse that can show a mile in '25,. 
he is sound and all right and no record, and I'll sell him 
for a thousand dollars!" If he will agree to show you 
2-25 and take off fifty dollars per second for every second 
he falls short of the mark, the probability is, if you can 
nail him to this agreement, he will have to give you the 
horse and odds besides. Men always over-rate the speed 
their horses possess, when negotiating a sale. If you are 
not a judge of speed, there is no sure test for you to ap- 
ply but a watch, it will generally beat any trotter. There 



58 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

are many men whose experience has made them excel- 
lent judges of speed, and will readily depend upon their 
judgment in estimating the speed of a horse under nego- 
tiation. 

Any unsoundness of limbs, feet or wind, in a trotter or 
pacer renders the animal practically of little value, 
there are some exceptions however. The loss of an eye 
would not incapacitate a horse for turf or road purposes, 
and horses with a bone spavin on each leg, are frequently 
of considerable value, but any infirmity of the locomotive 
or breathing powers will result in great disappointment 
to the owner nine times out of ten ; so, if you value your 
peace of mind, don't buy a cripple. Size in horses men 
may differ about more than either of my foregoing obser- 
vations, respecting speed and soundness. Horses both 
big and little, have been not only great performers but 
great lasters as well. From fifteen to sixteen hands seems 
by experience to be about the range that first-class per- 
formers cover in respect to height. A sixteen hand horse 
is large enough and a fifteen hand horse is small enough 
for turf purposes. Length of body is quite as important 
as height. A horse " long on the ground " has an 
advantage over a horse much shorter ; some horses 
fifteen and a half hands high, frequently are longer 
than other horses sixteen hands, in which case other 
things being equal, the smaller horse I would prefer for 
a race horse. Limbs, feet, respiratory and digestive organs 
in a sound and healthy condition, we must admit, con- 
tribute largely in the make up of a horse, but a horse 
without a well balanced head is of no earthly account as 
a race or road horse of the first order. The brain is the 
seat of nervous energy, and this is what is absolutely 
essential in a performer of the first magnitude. Were 
this not a fact, how can the superiority of Maud S., Jay 
Eye See, St. Julian, Richbal] and Johnson, be accounted 
for, as compared with others of the equine family. Thou- 
sands of horses all over the United States, trained and 
untrained, possesses as fine muscular development, just 
as good bone, from the same families, been educated and 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 59 

handled by just as good men, and have not lacked in 
opportunities to distinguish themselves. If the brain is 
not the fountain of speed in the trotter and pacer, will 
not some Solon of the present day enlighten us? The 
existence of this brain power in the requisite degree to 
impell the animal at the rate of a mile in 2-10 is not ap- 
parent to the observation, and it remains to be seen 
whether the horse has this requisite or not. All horses 
exhibit in their countenance and eyes, any index of their 
general disposition. If you will judge them in the same 
manner you would estimate a man's character, providing 
you are a good physiognomist, you will come as near the 
right estimate as any body. I have seen men who placed 
great stress upon a high tempered boisterously disposed 
colt, some kicker or runaway animal, that did it out of 
pure "cussedness." I have seen men go and buy one of 
this kind, and unbeknown to any neighbor work at his 
purchase for a month or six weeks, felicitously awaiting 
for the time to arrive for him to astonish and paralyze his 
friends and acquaintances with his newly acquired treas- 
ure, but I have never known a man made happy by the 
purchase of such an animal. We prefer a mild mannered 
sensibly disposed horse to any hot headed kicker or run- 
away animal, both for a road or a race horse, or in any 
other capacity. In respect to breeding, a well bred horse 
will not be overlooked on account of the absence of 
known pedigree. The breeding is apparent in the animal 
whether good or bad. In selecting a trotter that is un- 
developed from among a number of unbroken colts, the 
pedigree and performances of his immediate ancestors 
should not be overlooked, although one colt from the sire 
and dam of a number of colts and fillies may be a phe- 
nomenal trotter or pacer, while the others, full brothers 
and sisters, are of no particular account. The Bruno 
and Brunette family was remarkable for their all being 
trotters of no mean capacity. Bruno and Brunette trot- 
ted a trial in double harness^ in 2-25^2". Young Bruno's 
record 2-22%, Breeze 2-24, Daniel Boone, record 2-31. 
trial 2-26, Carl Burr, trial 2-24^ and Jack Archol, the 



60 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

youngest of Old Kate's foals, won a race in 1880, in 2-29 
and Bona Fide has no record, but is a trotter ; all these 
colts by Rysdyks Hambletonian, and Old Kate, of whose 
breeding nothing is known. Some men we hear speak 
very regretfully on account of the deaths of such sires as 
Rysdyks Hambletonian, Blue Bull, Ethan Allen, George 
Wilkes, etc., as though there would never be another sire 
capable of producing a first-class trotter, but I believe 
that to-day there are ten stallions calculated and capable 
of siring as fast and game trotters as any of the dead 
heroes proved themselves capable of doing, to where 
there was one such sire fifteen years ago. All there is 
necessary to prove this assertion is time and opportunity. 
We would not detract from the fame of the dead heroes 
above alluded to. if we could. At the same time, I believe 
in according to the living and vigorous representatives 
now in the stud, the opportunity they deserve, believing 
that the time is not far distant, when some trotter or 
pacer will do a mile in two minutes, and moreover, I be- 
lieve that there will appear upon the trotting and pacing 
horizon within the next three years, a double team that 
will wipe out all previous records, any way of going, and 
both horses go the same gait, or in other words, no run- 
ning mate will be employed. 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 61 

CHAPTER XX. 

CONCLUSION. 

When a horse has come to his speed, do not dog the 
speed out of him by long tedious slow jogging, for when 
his limbs are seasoned to go a mile in good time, say 2-30, 
or a little better, his further improvement in speed will 
result from short jogs and sharp brushes of speed in his 
work, not too extended, together with close attention to 
the conditioning process, with a repeat once a week or 
ten days, if you are not trotting him in races, and if you 
are, he will not need a repeat. Don't over work him; 
two-thirds of the ''quitters" are horses that have had too 
much work ; and bear in mind another important truth, 
different horses will require different treatment in respect 
both to feeding, water and work, and if you should have 
a dozen horses in charge, probably not more than two 
of them would require the same treatment, and your 
judgment must guide you as to feed, water, work, shoeing 
and hitching. No man has ever attained a desirable 
reputation as a trainer and driver of trotting horses with- 
out possessing the elements in his make up, that would 
have made him successful in any other department of life 
wherein judgment, perseverance and a level head, would 
be required to insure success. As to the general integ- 
rity of the profession I will say, that I believe they have 
exhibited as much fidelity to the trusts reposed in them 
as any other class of men ; bank officials and treasurers of 
trust funds not excepted. One thing is certain, you 
need never expect anfy man to serve you unflinchingly, 
unless you make it an object for him to do so. Very little 
complaint is ever heard from men who employ first-class 
trainers and drivers, and pay them what their services 
are worth. And further, no horseman on earth can take 
a natural born "duffer" and make a race horse of him, 
and still you hear men every day condemned and ma- 



62 HAY SEED, OR HOW TO 

ligned for not making a winner out of some animal utterly 
destitute of the first element of a race horse (except in 
the mind of his owner). If you set out to develop a trot- 
ter, your object, I presume, will be the dollars and cents 
that will accrue as speed is acquired by the horse. If 
you have not that object in view you will never make a trot- 
ter. I have never known a first-class trotter or race horse 
of any description, brought out by a trainer, just for the 
fun of the thing ; amusement is not a sufficient incentive. 
As I observed at the outset, do not trot or pace your 
horse for any one's amusement, or your own even, if he 
don't need speeding; great harm has befallen horses in 
showing them to people who had no interest in seeing 
them go, but idle curiosity. 

I have endeavored in the foregoing pages, to give the 
information the amateur horseman would naturally crave 
upon the subject of developing speed, at the outset of his 
career as a trainer. Perhaps there will never be a man 
read this book but what knows, or thinks he knows 
more than the writer, but that is nothing, there is 
no subject that the average man, and woman even, think 
they are as competent to grapple with as The Horse, and 
if you desire to arouse a man's antagonism, tell him he 
doesn't know anything about a horse. If I have succeeded 
in interesting you, reader, to the extent, that you will seek 
to upset any of the theories or practices laid down in 
this work, I am satisfied. There is a great amount of 
pleasure and satisfaction in the companionship of horses 
if they are good ones, but if you possess the knowledge 
and deservement that will enable you, not only to select 
a good one from among ten thousand, but to develop him 
in speed and money value also, you combine pleasure 
with profit. Many a horse to-day^is performing menial 
service that had he in his youth been taken in hand by a 
thorough horseman, would have had his name enrolled 
in the 2-30 list. No horse can ever distinguish himself 
without an opportunity and the assistance of a compe- 
tent trainer, and knowledge is the pre-requisite of the 
trainer's qualifications. 



DEVELOP SPEED IN HORSES. 63 



RULES AND REGULATIONS 

The Nstionsl Trotting Hssociition: 

[TO GOVERN ALL ENGAGEMENTS AND PERFORMANCES 
OVER THE ASSOCIATED COURSES.] 



Enacted by the National Trotting Association at the Congress held in the City 
of New York February 13, 1884. 



Rule i. — Mandate. 

Section i. All trotting and pacing engagements and 
performances over the several courses which are, or shall 
be, represented by membership in " The National 
Trotting Association," and each and every person 
who shall in any way be concerned or employed therein, 
as well as all associations and proprietors themselves 
who are or shall become members of said National As- 
sociation, shall be governed by the following rules from 
and after February 13, 1884. [See also Articles 12 and 
13 of By-Laws.] 

Rule 2. — Entries. 

Section i . All entries must be made in writing, signed 
by the person making the same or by some one authorized 
in his behalf; and, within the time appointed for closing, 
they must be addressed and forwarded according to the 
published conditions, or deposited with the Secretary or 
other person authorized to receive them 

Sec 2. All entries not actually received by the 
member as aforesaid, at the hour of closing, shall be in- 
eligible, except entries by letter bearing postmark not 
later than the day of closing, or entries notified by 
telegram, the telegram to be actually received at the 



•64 RULES NATIONAL 

office of sending at or before the hour of closing, such 
telegram to state the color, sex, and name of the horse, 
and the class to be entered, also to give the name and resi- 
dence of the party making the entry. 

Sec. 3. The hour for closing the entries for all purses 
or premiums offered by any of the associated courses 
shall be 1 o'clock p. m., except for stakes and purses for 
horses to be named at the post, the entries to which shall 
close at the hour fixed for the race. 

Sec. 4. Nominations for sweepstakes shall not be 
privileged to compete unless the payments have been 
made as required by the conditions. And nominations for 
premiums may be rejected when not accompanied by 
the entrance money. 

Sec. 5. It shall be the duty of the Secretary, or 
other person authorized, to prepare the list of entries for 
publication, comprising all information necessary for the 
enlightenment of the general public and parties to the 
race. 

Rule 3. — Entrance-Fee. 

Section i. The entrance-fee shall be 10 per cent of 
the purse, unless otherwise specified; and any person fail- 
ing to pay his entrance dues, or in stake races his declara- 
tion, forfeit, or entrance, may, together with his horse or 
horses, be suspended until they are paid in full, which 
shall be with addition of 10 per cent, penalty, and interest 
at 7 per cent, per annum until paid — the penalty to go 
to the National Association. [See Rule 50; also Rule 51, 
Sec. 7; and Rule 52, Sec. 3.] 

Sec. 2 No suspension for non-payments of dues as 
aforesaid shall be lawful unless ordered within one week 
of the close of the meeting, and no suspension shall be 
imposed for non-payment of such dues contracted in a 
class wherein the horse was permitted to start, or in any 
case when the member has applied for membership sub- 
sequent to the closing of its entries. 

Sec. 3. All entries shall be governed by the published 
conditions, and shall be bound for the entrance fee 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 65 

regardless of any proposed deviation from such published 
condition, and any member who shall make a collusive 
arrangement to allow a nominator privileges differing 
from those allowed by the terms of the race to other 
entries in the same class, shall upon satisfactory evidence 
therof produced to the Board of Review to be held to for- 
feit to the National Association, the amount of the purse in 
which such collusive arrangement was made, one-half of 
such forfeit to go to the informant upon recovery of the 
same, and the member, upon a second conviction of like 
character, shall be expelled. 

Rule 4.— How Many to Enter. 

Section i. In all purses three or more entries are re- 
quired, and two to start, unless otherwise specified. 

Rule 5. — Horses to be Eligible when Entries 
Close. 
Section i. A horse shall not be eligible to start in any 
race that has beaten the advertised time prior to the clos- 
ing of the entries for the race in which he is entered, un- 
less otherwise specified in the published conditions. Frac- 
tions of a second shall be considered in determining the 
time made, and shall be entered in the record, but they 
shall not operate as a bar in making entries; that is, a 
horse gaining a record of 2.29^ shall remain eligible in 
the 2.30 class. 

Sec. 2. A horse shall not be eligible if the time 
specified has been beaten by him at a greater distance ; 
that is, a horse having made two miles in five minutes 
shall take a record of 2.30 and be eligible for a 2.30 race, 
but not for a race limited to horses of a slower class than 
that. 

Rule 6. — Description and Name of. Each Horse 
Required. 

Section i. An accurate and sufficient description of 
each entry will be required; such as shall identify the ani- 
mal, and shall embrace the following particulars, to wit : 
5 



66 RULES NATIONAL 

[color.] 

Sec. 2. The color shall always be given, and when 
necessary to identification, the marks shall be stated. 
[Sex.] 

Sec. 3. It shall be distinctly stated whether the 
entry be a stallion, mare or gelding, and the names of the 
sire and dam if known shall be given in all cases, and 
when unknown it shall be so stated in the entry. 
If this requirement as to pedigree is not complied with the 
entry may be rejected; and when the pedigree is given, it 
shall be stated by the member with the publication of 
the entry, and if the pedigree or record of a horse be 
falsely stated, for the purpose of deception, the guilty 
party may be fined, suspended, or expelled, by order of 
the Board of Review. 

[name of horse.] 

Sec. 4. Every horse shall be named, and the name 
correctly and plainly written in the entry; and after enter- 
ing or trotting in a public race such name shall not be 
changed without procuring a record thereof to be made in 
the office of the Secretary of the National Trotting Asso- 
ciation, for which there shall be paid a recording fee of 
$50, the fee to go to said National Association. For each 
violation of this requirement a fine of $100 shall be 
imposed, together with suspension of the horse until paid, 
and no horse shall be thus recorded by a name that has 
been recorded for another horse. 

Sec. 5. If a horse has ever trotted in a public race, 
the last name under which he or she trotted shall be given 
with the entry; and if the name has been changed within 
two years, each name he or she has borne during that time 
must be given; and if any horse without a name has ever 
trotted in a public race, mention must be made in the en- 
try of a sufficient number of his or her most recent perfor- 
mances, to enable interested parties to identify the animal: 
provided, that it shall not be necessary to furnish any one 
association or proprietor with the same record of per- 
formance the second time during one season. 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 67 

Sec. 6. In entries and nominations made after 1875, 
the words M no name " shall not be received as a name ; 
neither shall such descriptive words as "bay horse," " gray 
mare," "unknown," etc., be allowed as name, under a 
penalty of a fine not to exceed the entrance-fee, to be 
imposed on the member who violates this restriction. 
But this restriction shall not apply to any horse having 
obtained a record previous to 1876 under the name of 
"Unknown." 

Sec. 7. Ahorse having once been named, shall not 
afterwards start in a race on any association course, with- 
out a name, or under a different name, unless the fore- 
going requirements have been complied with. 

[double teams.] 
Sec. 8. In all double-team races the entry must 
contain the name and description of each horse, in the 
manner provided for entry of single horses. 

Rule 7. — Identification. 

Section i. The residence and post-office address, in 
full, of the person or persons in whose name an entry is 
made must always be given, and if the name or residence 
be falsely stated, for the purpose of deception, the entry 
shall be disqualified from winning, and the offender shall 
be punished by a fine not or exceed $100, or by suspen- 
sion or expulsion. 

Sec. 2. If the nominator is not the owner, then the 
name and residence of the owner or owners must also 
be stated with the nomination. 

Sec 3. Whenever the nominator is personally un- 
known to the officers of the course, if required, or if his 
entry is protested, he shall establish his identity, and that 
of his horse, by sufficient references or evidence; and if the 
Judges are not satisfied in regard to said identity, before 
or after the start, all pools and bets on said horse may be 
declared off, and if so declared off it shall be publicly 
announced from the stand; and if the identity of the 
horse shall not be established within twenty-one days be 



68 RULES NATIONAL 

barred from winning, and any premium which might be 
awarded said horse which is not distributable under the 
rules to another horse in the race shall revert to the 
National Trotting Association. [See Rule 16, Sec 8.] 

Rule 8. — Entries that Cannot Start. 

Section i. As many horses may be entered by one 
party, or as many horses trained in the same stables as 
may be desired, but only one that has been owned or 
controlled wholly or partly by the same person or persons, 
or trained in the same stable within ten days preceding 
the race, can start in any race of heats. 
Rule g. 

Section i. No purse will be awarded for a "walk 
over," but in cases where only one of the horses entered for 
a purse shall appear on the course, he shall be entitled to 
his own entrance money and to one-half of the entrance 
money received from the other entries for said purse. 
The restriction herein as to " walk over," shall not 
apply to stakes or forfeits. 
Rule io. — In Case of Death, Enagements Void. 

Section i All engagements, including obligations for 
entrance fees, shall be void upon the decease of either 
party or horse, so far as they shall effect the deceased 
party or horse; but forfeits, also matches made, " play or 
pay," shall not be affected by the death of a horse. 
Rule ii. — Match Races. 

Section i. In all match races these rules shall 
govern, unless the contrary be expressly stipulated and 
assented to by the club, association, or proprietor of the 
course over which the race is to come off. 
Rule 12. — When Matches Become "Play or Pay." 

Section i. In all matches made to come off over any 
of the associate courses, the parties shall place the amount 
of the match in the hands of the stakeholder one day 
before the event (omitting Sunday) is to come off, at such 
time and place as the club, association, or proprietor, 
upon application, may determine, and the race shall then 
become "play or pay." 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 69 

Rule 13. — Purse or Stake Wrongfully Obtained. 
Section i. A person obtaining a purse or stake 
through fraud or error, shall return it to the Treasurer of 
The National Trotting Association, if demanded within one 
year, by the member or by the President or Secretary of this 
Association, or by order of the Board of Appeals, or he 
shall be punished, as follows : He together with the parties 
implicated in the wrong, and the horse or horses, shall be 
suspended until such demand is complied with and such 
purse or stake shall be awarded to the party justly entitled 
to the same. 

Rule 14. — Fraudulent Entries or Meddling with 
Horses. 

Section i. Any person found guilty of dosing or 
tampering with any horse, or of making a fraudulent entry 
of any horse, or of disguising a horse with intent to con- 
ceal his identity, or being in any way concerned in such a 
transaction, shall be expelled. 

Sec. 2. Any horse that shall have been painted or 
disguised, to represent another or a different horse, or shall 
have been entered in a purse in which he does not belong, 
shall forfeit the entrance money and be expelled. 

Rule 15. — Reward. 
Section i. A reward of $50 will be paid to any per- 
son who shall first give information leading to the detec- 
tion and conviction of any fraudulent entry and of the 
parties thereto, to be paid out of the funds of The National 
Trotting Association by the Treasurer, upon the decision 
and order of the Board of Review: provided, that this shall 
not be construed to extend protection to courses outside 
of this Association. 

Rule 16. — Protest. 
Section 1. Protests may be made verbally before 
or during a race, and shall be reduced to writing, and 
shall contain at least one specific charge, and when 
required, a statement of the nature of the evidence upon 
which they are based, and they shall be filed with the 



70 RULES NATIONAL 

judges, association, or proprietor, before the close of the 
meeting; and the protesting party shall be allowed to file 
additional charges with evidence. [See Rule 7, Sec. 3. ] 

Sec. 2. The Judges shall in every case of protest 
demand that the rider or driver, and the owner or owners, 
if present, shall immediately testify under oath in the 
manner hereinafter provided; and in case of their refusal 
to do so, the horse shall not be allowed thereupon to 
start or continue in that race, but shall be considered and 
declared ruled out, with forfeit of entrance money. 

Sec. 3. But if the parties do comply, and take the 
oath as herein required, unless the Judges find conclusive 
evidence to warrant excluding the horse, they shall allow 
him to start or continue in the race under protest, and 
the premium, if any is won by that horse, shall be retained 
a sufficient length of time (say three weeks) to allow the 
parties interested a chance to sustain the allegations of 
the protest, or to furnish information which shall warrant 
an investigation of the matter by the associate member, or 
the Board of Appeals: provided, that where no action as 
aforesaid has been taken to sustain a protest, or to 
furnish information, during three weeks, the associate 
member may proceed as if such protest had not been 
made. 

Sec. 4. In any heat such protested horse shall win, 
the Judges shall waive the application of a distance as 
to all other horses, except for " fouls " defined in rule 48. 

Sec 5. When a protest is presented before or during 
a race, and the parties refuse to make the prescribed oath, 
if the Judges believe the refusal is designed to favor a 
fraud, they may require the horse under protest to start 
or continue in the race. 

Sec. 6. Any person found guilty of protesting ahorse 
falsely and without cause, or merely with intent to em- 
barrass a race, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding 
$100, or by suspension or expulsion. 

S=ec. 7. When a protest has been duly made, or any 
information lodged with the Judges in support of a protest, 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 71 

alleging an improper entry or any act prohibited or 
punishable under these rules, the same shall not be with - 
drawn or surrendered before the expiration of three weeks, 
without the approbation of the association or proprietor 
of the course upon which such protest or information was 
produced; and if any association or proprietor shall permit 
such a withdrawal of protest or information, with a corrupt 
motive to favor any party who shall be affected by the 
same, the association or proprietor so permitting, if con- 
victed thereof by the Board of Appeals, shall be expelled 
from all connection with the National Trotting Associa- 
tion. [See By-Laws, Art. 7, Sec. 9.] 

Sec. 8. Associations or proprietors shall be warranted 
in withholding the premium of any horse, during the time 
herein mentioned, without any formal protest, if before it 
is paid they shall receive information in their judgment 
tending to establish fraud. Premiums withheld under this 
rule to be forthwith sent to the Treasurer of said National 
Association and by him be retained, awaiting the result of 
an investigation by the member or by the Board of Ap- 
peals. [See Rule 7, Sec. 3.] 

Sec. 9. The oath required in answer to protest shall 
be in the following form, to wit: 

I of in the County 

of State of .on oath 

depose and say that I am the of the 

called the same entered 

in a purse for horses that have never trotted better than 

minutes and seconds, 

to be trotted this day on this course, and the same that has 
been protested, and to which protest this affidavit is in answer, 
hereby declare and affirm that to the best of my knowledge 
and belief said before-mentioned horse is eligible to start or 
compete in the race aforesaid ; and that I fully believe all the 
provisions and conditions required in the rules and regulations 
for the goverment of trials of speed over this course were fully 
and honestly complied with in making the entry aforesaid. 

Given under my hand at this." 

day of.... ..A. D. 188 . 



Subscribed and sworn to before me, this, 
day of.. ...A. D. 188 . 



Justice of the Peace. 



72 RULES NATIONAL 

[Note. — In the absence of a Justice of the Peace, if 
this oath be administered by an officer oi the association, 
or one of the Judges of the race, it will be considered 
sufficient for the purposes of the National Association.] 

Rule 17. — When Horses Shall Not be Drawn. 

Section i. No horse shall be drawn except by per- 
mission of the Judges of the race, unless at or before seven 
o'clock p. m. of the day preceding the race (omitting 
Sunday), the proper party shall have lodged with the Pres- 
ident, Secretary or proprietor of t^ie course a written 
notice or notice by telegraph, of his intention not to start, 
after which notice the horse so drawn shall be ineligible 
to start in the race. For a violation of the requirement 
herein, a fine not to exceed $100, or suspension or expul 
sion shall be imposed, the penalty to apply to both the 
horse and party who violates the regulation. 

Sec. 2. Parties having two or more entries in one 
shall elect which they will not start, and notify their 
decision at the same time, in the same manner and under 
the same penalty as provided above. This rule shall not 
be construed to relieve nominators from payment for 
entries that are drawn. 

Rule 18. — Power of Postponement. 

Section i. In cases of unfavorable weather, or other 
unavoidable cause, each association or proprietor shall 
have power to postpone to the next fair day and good 
track (omitting Sunday) all purses or sweepstakes, or any 
race to which they have contributed money, upon giving 
notice thereof; and they may exercise this power before 
or after the race has commenced. [See also Rule 19.] 

Rule 19. — No Trotting after Dark. 

Section i . No heat shall be trotted when it is so dark 
that the gait of the horses cannot be plainly seen by the 
Judges from the stand, but all such races shall be con- 
tinued by the Judges the next fair day (omitting Sun- 
day), at such hour as they may designate. 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 73 

• Sec. 2. In all purses, matches, and stakes, the above 
rule shall govern, unless otherwise especially agreed be- 
tween the parties and the association or proprietors. 

Rule 20. — Weights and Weighing. 

Section i. Every horse starting for purse, sweepstake, 
or match, in any trotting or pacing race, shall carry, if to 
wagon or sulky, 150 lbs., exclusive of harness; and if 
under the saddle, 145 lbs., the saddle and whip only to 
be weighed with the rider. 

Sec 2. Riders and drivers shall weigh in the pres- 
ence of one or more of the Judges previous to starting for 
any race, and after each heat shall come to the starting 
stand, and not dismount or leave their vehicles without 
permission of the Judges, and those who are deficient in 
bodily weight shall be re-weighed after each heat. Any 
rider or driver not bringing in his required weight shall 
be distanced, unless such decision shall be deemed to 
favor a fraud. But a rider or driver thrown or taken by 
force from his horse or vehicle, after having passed the 
winning-post, shall not be considered as having dis- 
mounted without permission of the Judges, and, if 
disabled, may be carried to the Judges stand to be 
weighed, and the Judge may take the circumstances 
into consideration and decide accordingly, and the 
riders or drivers who shall carry during the heat and 
bring home with them the weights which have been 
approved or announced correct and proper by the Judges, 
shall be subject to no penalty for light weight in that 
heat : provided, the Judges are satisfied the mistake or 
fault was their own, and that there has been no decep- 
tion on the part of the rider or driver who shall be de- 
ficient in weight, but all parties shall thereafter carry the 
required weight. 

Rule 21. — Handicaps and Miscellaneous Weights. 

Section i. In matches or handicaps, where extra or 
lesser weights are to be carried, the Judges shall carefully 
examine and ascertain before starting whether the riders, 



74 RULES NATIONAL 

drivers, or vehicles are of such weights as have been 
agreed upon or required by the match or handicap, and 
thereafter the riders and drivers shall be subject to the 
same penalties and conditions as if they were to carry 
the weights prescribed by the rules. 
Rule 22. — When Riders and Drivers are Over- 
weight. 

Section i. If the bodily weight of any rider or driver 
shall be found to exceed that which is prescribed in the 
rules, or that which is required by the conditions of the 
race, and the overweight shall not exceed twenty pounds, 
it shall be announced from the stand before the heat; 
and the judges shall have power, if in their belief such ex- 
tra weight was imposed on the horse for an improper or 
fraudulent purpose, to substitute another rider or driver 
of suitable weight; and if they believe the horse has been 
prejudiced in the race by such overweight, he shall not 
be allowed to start again or continue in the race, and all 
bets on such horse may be declared off. [See also Rule 
28, Sec. 5.] 

Sec. 2. A horse prevented by this rule from continu- 
ing in the race shall not be distanced, but ruled out. 

Rule 23. — Length of Whips. 

Section i. Riders and drivers will be allowed whips 
not to exceed the following lengths : for saddle horses, 2 ft. 
10 in.; sulkies, 4 ft. 8 in.; wagons, 5 ft. 10 in.; double teams, 
8 ft. 6 in.; tandem teams and four-in-hand, unlimited; 
snapheri, not longer than three inches, will be allowed in 
addition to the foregoing measurement. 

Rule 24. — Judges' Stand. 

Section 1. Nonebutthe Judges of the race in pro- 
gress, the Clerk of the Course, or Secretary and their as- 
sistance, shall be allowed in the Judges' stand during the 
pendency of a heat. 

Rule 25. — Selection of Judges. 

Section i. In every exhibition or race, over any course 
represented in the National Trotting Association, each 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 75 

course for itself, through the proprietor or association 
controlling the same shall choose or authorize the selec- 
tion of three (3) competent Judges, for the day or race, 
who shall understand the rules of the said National Associ- 
ation, and shall rigidly enforce the same; and all their 
decisions shall be subject to and in conformity with said 
rules. [See also Art. 13 of By-Laws.] 

Sec. 2. Any person who at the time is under penalty of 
suspension or expulsion, or who has any interest in, or 
has any interest in either of the horses engaged therein, 
shall thereby be disqualified and restricted from acting 
as a Judge in that race. And if any person who is thus 
disqualified shall intentionally and deceptively violate this 
restriction, he shall upon conviction thereof by the Board 
of Appeals, b.e adjudged guilty of a dishonorable act, for 
which he shall be expelled from every course represented 
in said National Association. 

Rule 26. — Authority of Judges. 
[See also Rule 28.] 
Section i. The Judges of the day or race shall have 
authority, while presiding, to appoint Distance and Patrol 
Judges and Timers; to inflict fines and penalties, as pre- 
scribed by these rules, to determine all questions of fact 
relating to the race over which they preside; to decide 
respecting any matters of difference between parties to the 
race, or any contingent matter which shall arise, such as 
are not otherwise provided for in these rules; and they 
may declare pools and bets "off" in case of fraud, no ap- 
peal to be allowed from their decision in that respect, but all 
their decisions shall be in strict conformity with the rules, 
or with the principals thereof. They shall have control 
over the horses about to start, and the riders or drivers 
and assistants of the horses, and, in the absence of other 
provisions in these rules, they shall have authority to 
punish by a fine not exceeding $100, or by suspension or 
expulsion, any such person who shall fail to obey their 
orders or the rules. [See Rule 28; and Rule 52, Sec. 1 and 
Sec. 2.] 



76 R ULES NA TIONAL 

Rule 27. — Distance and Patrol Judges. 

Section i. In all races of heats there shall be a 
Distance Judge appointed by the Judges of the race or 
by those in authority, who shall remain in the distance- 
stand during the heats, and immediately after each heat 
shall repair to the Judges' stand and report to the Judges 
the horse or horses that are distanced, and all foul or 
improper conduct, if any has occurred under his observa- 
tion. But, in the absence of a Distance Judge, or in his 
failure to act, the Judges of the race shall determine what 
horses are distanced. 

Sec. 2. Patrol Judges may be similarly appointed, 
and it shall be their duty to repair in like manner to the 
Judges' stand, and report all foul or improper conduct, if 
any has occurred under their observations. * 

Rule 28. — Power and Duties of Judges. 
[See also Rule 26.] 

Section i. The Judges shall be in the stand fifteen 
minutes before the time for starting the race; they shall 
weigh the riders or drivers, and determine the positions 
of the horses, and inform each rider and driver of his place, 
before starting; they may require the riders and drivers to 
be properly dressed; they shall be prepared to take the 
time of each heat in the race, and they may appoint 
some suitable person or persons to assist them in that 
respect, and the time so taken shall be recorded and an- 
nounced in conformity with these rules. [See also Rule 
26 and Rules 39 to 44 inclusive, and Art, 13 of By-Laws.] 

Sec 2. The Judge shall ring the bell, or give other 
notice, ten minutes previous to the time announced for 
the race or heat to come off, which shall be notice to all 
parties to prepare for the race or heat at the appointed 
time, when all the horses must appear at the stand, 
ready for the race or heat, and any rider or driver failing 
to obey this summons may be punished by a fine not ex- 
ceeding $100^ or his horse may be ruled out by the 
Judges and considered drawn; but in all stakes and 
matches a failure to appear promptly at the appointed 
time shall render the delinquent party liable to forfeit. 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 77 

Sec. 3. The result of a heat shall not be announced 
until the Judges are satisfied as to the weights of the 
riders or drivers, and sufficient time has elapsed to receive 
the reports of the Distance and Patrol Judges. 

Sec. 4. The Judges shall not notice or consider 
complaints of foul from any person or persons, except the 
Distance and Patrol Judges appointed by themselves or 
by those in authority, and from owners, riders, or drivers 
in the race. [See also Rule 48.] 

Sec. 5. If the Judges believe that a horse is being or 
has been "pulled," or has been ridden or driven in other 
respects improperly, with a design to prevent his winning 
a heat or place which he was evidently able to win, and 
that such act was done on the part of the rider or driver 
for the purpose of throwing the race, or to perpetrate or 
aid a fraud, they shall have power to substitute a com- 
petent and reliable rider or driver for the remainder of 
the race, who shall be paid a reasonable compensation 
for his services, but not to exceed $50, which shall be 
paid by the member, and the member may retain the 
amount paid from the purse if any, which said substitute 
driver may win; and any professional rider or driver who. 
without good and sufficient reason, refuses to be so sub- 
stituted, may be fined, suspended, or expelled, by order 
of the Judges and upon approval of the Board of Appeals; 
and the Judges may declare such heat void, if it be a 
deciding heat of the race; and, if the result and circum- 
stances of the race shall confirm their belief, the rider or 
driver so removed shall be expelled by the Judges. And 
if the owner or person or persons controlling the offend- 
ing horse shall be a party or parties to such fraud, he or 
they together with the horse, shall be punished by expul- 
sion. [See also Rules 22 and 48.] 

Rule 29. — Starting and Keeping Positions. 
Section i. No rider or driver shall cause unneces- 
sary delay after the horses are called up, either by neglect- 
ing to prepare for the race in time, or by failing to come 
for the word, or otherwise; and in scoring, if the word is 



78 R ULES NA TIONAL 

not given, all the horses in the race shall immediately 
turn, at the tap of the bell or other signal given, and jog 
back for a fresh start. Bat their shall be no recall after 
the starting word or signal has been given, and the horses 
shall be deemed to have started in the race when the 
word "go" is given for the first heat; provided, however^ 
that if the Judges shall through any error give signal of 
recall, after having given the word, Distance shall be 
waived in that heat, except for foul riding or driving. 
[See also Rule 60, Sec. 2.] 

Sec. 2. The Judges shall, after the first scoring, 
choose one of the contending horses (the pole horse be- 
ing selected, if deemed suitable,) to score by. And no 
driver shall come up in advance of said horse, nor shall 
he hold back under penalty of a fine of not less than $5, 
nor more than $50, which shall be imposed and collected 
at once. [See also Rule 40, Sec 3.] 

Sec. 3. No driver shall be allowed to sponge out his 
horse or horses oftener than once in five times scoring. 

Sec. 4. If these requirements are not complied with 
on the part of any rider or driver, the Judges may not 
only start the race, or give the word without regard 
to the absence or position of the offending party or 
parties, but the offender may be punished by a fine not 
exceeding $100, or by suspension not to exceed one 
year. 

Sec. 5. In all cases, the starting word or signal shall 
be given from the Judges' stand, and in no instance shall 
a standing start be given. 

Sec. 6. No warning shall be necessary on the part of 
the Judges before inflicting fines or penalties for a viola- 
tion of any of the provisions of this rule. 

Sec. 7. The horse winning a heat shall take the pole 
(or inside position) the succeeding heat, and all others 
shall take their positions in the order assigned them in 
judging the last heat. When two or more horses shall 
make a dead heat, the horses shall start for the succeed- 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 79 

ing heat in the same positions with reference to the pole 
that they occupied in the finish of the dead heat. 

Sec. 8. In comi g out on the homestretch the fore- 
most horse or horses shall keep the positions first selected, 
or be liable to be distanced; and the hindmost horse 
or horses, when there is sufficient room to pass on the in- 
side or anywhere on the homestretch without interfering 
with others, shall be allowed to do so, and any party inter- 
fering to prevent him or them shall be distanced. 

Sec. 9. If a horse, in attempting to pass another on the 
home stretch, should at any time cross or swerve, so as to 
impede the progress of a horse behind him, he shall not 
be entitled to win that heat. 

Sec 10. Although a leading horse is entitled to any 
part of the track, except after selecting his position on 
the homestretch, he shall not change from the right to 
the left, or from the inner to the outer side of the track, 
during any part of the race, when another horse is so near 
him that in altering his position he compels the horse be- 
hind him to shorten his stride, or causes the rider or 
driver of such other horse to pull him out of his stride; 
neither shall any horse, rider, or driver cross, jostle, or 
strike another horse, rider, or driver, nor swerve, or "car- 
ry him out," "sit down in front of him," or do any other 
act which constitutes what is popularly known as " help- 
ing," or which shall impede the progress of another 
horse. 

Sec. 11. In any heat wherein there shall be a viola- 
tion of any of these restrictions, the offending horse shall 
not be entitled to win the heat, and he shall be placed 
behind all other horses in that heat. And if the impro- 
priety was intentional on the part of the rider or driver, 
the offending horse may be distanced, and the rider or 
driver shall be suspended or expelled. [See Sections 8, 
9, and 10 ; also Rule 48.] 

Rule 30. — Horses Breaking. 

Section i. When any horse or horses break from 
their gait in trotting or pacing, their riders or drivers shall 



80 RULES NATIONAL 

at once pull them to the gait in which they were to go the 
race, and any party failing to comply with this require- 
ment, if he come out ahead, shall lose the heat, and the 
next best horse shall win the heat ; and whether such 
breaking horse come out ahead or not, all other horses 
shall be placed ahead of him in that heat, and the Judges 
shall have discretionary power to distance the offending 
horse or horses, and the rider or driver may be punished 
by a fine not to exceed $100, or by suspension not ex- 
ceeding one year. 

Sec 2. Should the rider or driver comply with this 
requirement, and the horse should gain by a break, twice 
the distance so gained shall be taken from him at the 
coming out; but this provision must not be so construed 
as to shield any trotting or pacing horse from punishment 
for running. 

Sec. 3. In case of any horse (in trotting race) repeat- 
edly breaking, or running, or pacing, while another horse 
is trotting, the Judges shall punish the horse so breaking, 
running, or pacing, by placing him last in the heat. 

Sec. 4. To assist in determining the matters con- 
tained in Sections 1, 2, and 3, it shall be the duty of one 
of the Judges to call out during the progress of the race 
every break made, designating by colors or name the horse 
making it and the character of the break, and a Judge or 
assistant shall at once note the fact in writing. 

Sec. 5. A horse breaking at or near the score 
shall be subject to no greater penalty than if he broke on 
any other part of the track. 

Rule 31, — Relative to Heats and Horses Eligible 
to Start. 
Section i. In heats one, two, three, or four miles, a 
horse not winning one heat in three shall not start for a 
fourth, unless such horse shall have made a dead heat. 
In heats best three in five, a horse not winning a heat in 
the first five shall not start for a sixth, unless said horse 
shall have made a dead heat, but horses so ruled out shall 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 81 

have a right to a share of the purse or premium, accord- 
ing to the rank at the close of their last heat. And where 
ten or more horses start in a race, every horse not dis- 
tanced shall have the right to compete until the race is 
completed— subject, however, -to all other penalties in 
these rules. 

Rule 32. — Dead Heats. 

Section, i. A dead heat shall be counted in the race, 
and shall be considered a heat which is undecided only as 
between the horses making it, and it shall be considered 
a heat that is lost by all the other horses contending 
therein ; and the time made in a dead heat shall consti- 
tute a record or bar for each horse making such dead 
heat. [See also Rule 40, sec. 2.] 

Sec. 2. Whenever each of the horses making a dead 
heat would have been entitled to terminate the race had 
he won said dead heat, they only shall start again. 

Sec. 3. A horse prevented from starting by this rule 
shall not be distanced, but ruled out, and shall be entitled 
to a share of the purse or premium according to his rank 
at the close of his last heat. 

Rule 33 — Time Between Heats; Passing to the 
Left; Horses Permitted on the Track. 

Section i . The time between heats shall be twenty 
minutes for mile heats; and for mile heats best three in 
five, twenty-five minutes; and for two-mile heats, thirty 
minutes; and for three-mile heats, thirty-five minutes; and 
should there be a race of four-mile heats, the time shall 
be forty minutes. 

Sec 2. Not more than two races shall be "sand- 
wiched" in the performance on one day, but when one 
race of the two has been finished, another may be called 
on. And when races are "sandwiched" the first race 
started shall be trotted out on time as far as practicable. 

Sec. 3. After the first heat the horses shall be called 
five minutes prior to the time of starting. 
6 



82 . RULES NATIONAL 

Passing to the Left. 
Sec. 4. The rule of the road is reversed on the track; 
that is, horses meeting shall pass to the left. 

Horses Permitted on the Track. 

Sec. 5. Horses called for a race shall have the exclu- 
sive right of the course, and all other horses shall vacate 
the track at once. 

Rule 34. — Time Allowed in Case of Accidents. 

Section i. In case of accidents, ten minutes shall be 
allowed; but the judges may allow more time when 
deemed necessary and proper. 

Rule 35. — Collision and Break-Down. 

Section i. In case of collision and break-down, the 
party causing the same, whether willfully or otherwise, 
may be distanced; and if the Judges find the collision 
was intentional or to aid fraud, the driver in fault shall 
be forthwith suspended or expelled, and his horse may be 
distanced; but if necessary to defeat fraud, the Judges 
shall direct the offending horse to start again. 

Sec. 2. No horse but the offending one shall be dis- 
tanced in such a heat, except for foul driving. 

Sec. 3. The Judges in a concluding heat, finding that 
a collision involved a fraudulent object, may declare that 
heat void. [See also Rule 48.] 

Rule 36. — Placing Horses. 

Section i. A horse must win a majority of the heats 
which are required by the conditions of the race to be 
entitled to the purse or stake; but if a horse shall have 
distanced all competitors in one heat the race will then 
be concluded, and such horse shall receive the entire 
purse and stakes contended for. [See Rule 37, Sec. 3.] 

Sec. 2. When more than one horse remains in the race 
entitled to be placed at the finish of the last heat, the 
second best horse shall receive the second premium, if 
there be any; and if there be any third or fourth premium, 
etc., for which no horse has won and maintained a specific 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 83 

place, the same shall go to the winner; provided, that the 
number of premiums awarded shall not exceed the 
number of horses which started in the race. 

Sec. 3. The foregoing provisions shall always apply- 
in such cases, unless otherwise stated in the published 
conditions of the race. 

Sec. 4. In deciding the rank of horses other than the 
winner, as to second, third, and fourth places, etc , to be 
assigned among such as remain in the race entitled to be 
placed at the conclusion of the last heat thereof, the sev- 
eral positions which have been assigned to each horse so 
contending shall be considered as to every heat in the 
race — that is, horses having won two heats, better than 
those winning one ; a horse that has won a heat, better 
than a horse only making a dead heat ; a horse winning 
one or two heats and making a dead heat, better than one 
winning an equal number of heats but not making a dead 
heat; a horse winning a heat or making a dead heat and 
not distanced in the race, better than a horse that has not 
won a heat or made a dead heat; a horse that has been 
placed " second " one heat, better than a horse that has 
been placed "third" any number of heats. 

Sec. 5. When two or more horses appear equal in 
rank in the summary of the race, they shall share equally 
in the award of premiums won by them. 

Sec. 6. In case these provisions shall not give a 
specific decision as to the second and third money, etc., 
the Judges of the race are to make the awards according 
to their best judgment, but in conformity with the 
principles of this rule. 

Rule 37. — Distances. 

Section i. In races of mile heats, 80 yards shall be a 
distance. In races of two mile heats, 15c yards shall be 
a distance. In races of three mile heats, 220 yards shall 
be a distance. In races of mile heats, best three in five, 
100 yards shall be a distance. In heats of not over one 
mile, wherein eight or more horses contend, the distance 
shall be increased one half; but in any heat wherein the 



84 RULES NATIONAL 

number of starters shall be reduced to less than eight, the 
ordinary distance shall be restored. 

Sec. 2. All horses whose heads have not reached the 
distance-stand as soon as the leading horse arrives at the 
winning-post shall be declared distanced, except in cases 
otherwise provided for, or the punishment of the leading 
horse by setting him back for running, when it shall be 
left to the discretion of the Judges. [See Rule 16, Sec. 
4; Rule 29, Sec. 1; Rule 35, Sec. 2; and Rule 40, Sec 2.] 

Sec. 3. A distanced horse is out of the race, and if in 
any heat one horse shall distance all competitors, the race 
will then be completed, and the winner shall be entitled 
to the entire purse and stakes contended for, unless oth- 
erwise stipulated in the published conditions of the race. 
[See Rule 36, Sections 1 and 3.] 

Rule 38. — Rank Between Distanced Horses. 

Section i. Horses distanced in the first heat of the 
race shall be equal, but horses that are distanced in any 
subsequent heat shall rank as to each other in the order 
of the positions to which they were entitled at the start 
of the heat in which they were distanced. 

Rule 39. — Time and its Record. 

Section i. In every public race the time of each heat 
shall be accurately taken and placed in the record, and 
upon the decision of each heat the time thereof shall be 
publicly announced by the Judges, except as provided in 
in these rules concerning those heats which are not 
awarded to either of the leading horses. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the Judges of the race 
to take the time as aforesaid, or to appoint some suitable 
person or persons to assist them in that respect, and no 
unofficial timing shall be announced or admitted to the 
record, but in any case involving alleged suppression of 
time, or false announcement of time, nothing in this rule 
shall be construed to limit the Board of Review as to the 
evidence admissible. 

Sec. 3. In any case of alleged error in the record, 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 85 

announcement, or publication of the time made by a horse 
in a public race, the time so questioned shall not be 
changed to favor said horse or owner, except upon the 
sworn statement of the Judges and Timers who officiated 
in the race. [See also Article 20, of By-Laws; Rules 40, 
41, and 43.] 

Rule 40. — Horses to be Timed. 

Section i. The two leading horses shall be separately- 
timed, and if the heat is awarded to either, his time only 
shall be announced and be a record or bar as the case 
may be; and if the winning horse shall afterwards be ruled 
out of the race for fraud or ineligibility, he shall retain 
the record or bar acquired by the time so announced . 
[See also Rules 39, 41, and 43.] 

Sec. 2. In case of a dead heat, the time shall con- 
stitute a record or bar for the horses making the dead 
heat; and if for any other cause the heat is not awarded 
to either of the leading horses, it shall be awarded to 
the next best horse, and no time shall be given out by the 
Judges or recorded against either horse; and the Judges 
may waive the application of the rule in regard to distance 
in that heat, except for foul riding or driving. [See also 
Rule 32, Sec. 1.] 

Sec. 3. The time shall be taken from the pole horse, 
or from the horse that is selected to score by. 

Rule 41. — Suppression of Time. 

Section i. In any public race, if there shall be any 
intentional suppression or misrepresentation in either the 
record or the announcement of the time of any heat in 
the race, it shall be deemed fraudulent. And any horse 
winning a heat or making a dead heat wherein there was 
such a fraudulent suppression of time, together with the 
parties implicated in the fraud, shall by operation of the 
rules be henceforth disqualified from the right to compete 
on the grounds of members; which disqualification may 
be removed only by order of the Board of Review, when 
upon investigation the board shall believe that the con- 



86 RULES NATIONAL 

structive fraud was not premeditated, but only then upon 
a restitution or return to the custody of the Treasurer of 
this Association of any premiums that under any circum- 
stances have been awarded such horse on the grounds of 
members during the time of disqualification, and upon 
the payment of a fine of $100, to go to this Association. 
[See Rules 39, 40, 43, and 44-] 

Sec. 2. A fine of $100 shall be imposed upon any 
member of this Association on whose grounds the first 
section of this rule shall be violated; one-half of said fine 
to be paid to the informer upon recovery. 

Rule 42 —Public Race. 

Section i. Any contest for purse, premium, stake or 
wager, or involving admission fees, on any course and in 
the presence of a Judge or Judges, shall constitute a 
public race. 

Rule 43. — Time Records, and Bars. 
[When Time Becomes a Bar.] 

Section i. A record can be made only in a public 
race, the horse to trot or pace a full mile according to 
rule; and the time must be taken by at least two timers 
selected for the purpose, and the record of their names as 
well as the time must be kept. 

Sec. 2. Time otherwise taken, at fairs and on any 
track, whether short or not, shall be known as a bar, and 
shall constitute a bar the same as if regularly made over 
a track that was full measurement. 

Sec. 3. Any public race at a less distance than one 
mile, and exceeding a half mile, shall be regarded as 
irregular, and time made in any such race shall create a 
bar. 

Sec. 4. Time heretofore made on non-association 
tracks shall be records or bars, as the case may be, the 
same as if made over association tracks. 

Sec. 5. If it should appear to the Board of Appeals, 
upon investigation, that any record was fraudulently ob- 
tained, it shall be declared not a record but a bar. 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 87 

Rule 44. — When Time Shall Not Be a Bar. 

Section i. Time made under the saddle, or on snow 
or ice, as well as time made when two or more horses are 
harnessed together, shall constitute a bar for races of the 
same character, but shall not be a bar for races of a dif- 
ferent character. 

Rule 45. — Complaints by Riders or Drivers. 

Section i. All complaints by riders or drivers, of any 
foul riding or driving, or other misconduct, must be made 
at the termination of the heat, and before the rider or 
driver dismounts or leaves his vehicle. 
Rule 46. — Decorum. 

Section i. If any owner, trainer, rider, driver, or 
attendant of a horse, or any other person, use improper 
language to the officers of the course or the Judges in a 
race, or be guilty of any improper conduct, the person or 
persons so offending shall be punished by a fine not ex- 
ceeding $100, or by suspension or expulsion. [See also 
Rule 48.] 

Rule 47. — Loud Shouting. 

Section i. Any rider or driver guilty of loud shout- 
ing, or making other improper noise, or of making im- 
proper use of the whip during the pendency of a heat, 
shall be punished by a fine not to exceed $25, or by sus- 
pension during the meeting. [See also Rule 48.] 
Rule 48. — " Fouls." 

Section i. — If any act or thing shall be done by any 
owner, rider, driver, or their horse or horses, during any 
race or in connection therewith, which these rules define 
or warrant the Judges in deciding to be fraudulent or foul, 
and if no special provision is made in these rules to meet 
the case, the Judges shall have power to punish the 
offender by a fine not to exceed $100, or by suspension 
or expulsion. And in any case of foul riding or driving 
they shall distance the offending horse, unless they be- 
lieve such a decision will favor a fraud. 

Sec. 2. The penalty imposed herein for "Fouls" shall 



88 RULES NATIONAL 

apply to any act of a fraudulent nature, and to any un- 
principaled conduct such as tends to debase the character 
of the trotting turf in the estimation of the public. [See 
Rule 28, Sections 4 and 5; Rule 29, Sec. 11; See also 
Rule 35, 46, and 47.] 

Rule 49. — Fines. 

Section i. All persons who shall have been fined un- 
der these rules, unless they pay the fines in full on the 
day when imposed, shall be suspended until they are so 
paid or deposited with the Treasurer of The National 
Trotting Association. [See By-Laws, Article 17; See also 
Rule 52, Sec, 1.] 

Sec. 2. All fines which shall be paid to the association 
or proprietor on whose grounds they were imposed, shal) 
by them be reported and paid to the Treasurer of said 
National Association. See By-Laws, Art. 12, Sec. 4.] 

Rule 50. — No Compromise of Penalties by Judges, 
or Members. 

Section i. In no case shall there be any compromise 
or change on the part of the Judges or member in the 
manner of punishment prescribed in the rules, but the 
same shall be strictly enforced; but members may accept 
compromise settlements of suspended dues, and the pen- 
alties in such cases shall be reduced in proportion. [See 
Rule 52.] 

Rule 51. — Suspension and Expulsions. 

Section i. Whenever a penalty of suspension is pre- 
scribed in these rules, if applied to a horse, it shall be 
construed to mean a disqualification during the time of 
suspension to compete in any race to be performed on 
the course of the association or proprietor; and if applied 
to a person, it shall be construed to mean a conditional 
witholding of all right or privilege to make an entry, or 
to ride, drive, train, or assist on the course and grounds 
of the association or proprietor; provided that an entry 
made by any person or of any horse so disqualified shall 
be held liable for the entrance fee thus contracted, with- 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 89 

out any right to compete during suspension, and further 
provided that any suspended person who shall ride or 
drive in a race on the grounds of a member while so sus- 
pended shall be fined not less than $50, or more than 
$ 100, for each offence; one-half of such fine to go to the 
informant upon conviction and recovery. 

Sec 2. If no limit is fixed in an order of suspension 
and none is defined in the rule applicable to the case, the 
punishment shall be considered as limited to the season 
in which the order was issued. [See Section 7.] 

Sec. 3. Whenever the penalty of expulsion is pre- 
scribed in these rules, it shall be construed to mean un- 
conditional exclusion and disqualification from any 
participation in the privileges and uses of the course and 
grounds of the association or proprietor. 

Sec. 4. No penalty of expulsion for fraud shall be 
removed or modified after confirmation by the Board of 
Review, and on an appeal to the Board of Review the 
burden of proof shall be on the applicant, but expulsions 
for offenses not fraudulent may be so modified or removed. 

Sec. 5. Any associate member allowing the use of 
their track by any expelled man or horse, after notice 
from the Secretary of The National Trotting Association, 
shall be subject to a fine not exceeding $100. 

Sec. 6. Whenever either of these penalties has been 
imposed on any horse or person, on the grounds of any 
association or proprietor holding membership in said 
National Association, written or printed notice thereof 
shall immediately be forwarded to the Secretary of said 
National Association, giving the name and residence of 
the person, and the color, sex, and name of the horse, 
and stating the offense and the character of punishment, 
who shall at once transmit the information to each asso- 
ciated course or member; and thereupon the offender thus 
punished shall suffer the same penalty and disqualification 
with each and every association and proprietor holding 
membership in said National Association. 

Sec. 7. All suspensions imposed on horses for non- 



$0 RULflS NATIONAL 

payment of entrance dues, shall cease and become void by- 
limitation, at the expiration of six years frpm the date of 
their imposition, as per the records of this Association; 
but such release of the horse shall not operate to release 
the owner. 

Rule 52. — Right of Appeal. 

Section i. Appeals may be taken to the associate 
member in cases of suspension imposed by order of the 
Judges of a race or of an officer acting for the member, 
but members shall not remove or modify any fine imposed 
by the Judges of a race, nor review any order of ex- 
pulsion. [See Sections 2 and 3 as to Appeals, and Rule 
49 as to fines.] 

Sec. 2. All decision and rulings of the Judges of any 
race, and of the several associations and proprietors 
"belonging to The National Trotting Association, may be 
appealed to the Board of Review or to a District Board 
in the proper district, and shall be subject to review by 
such Board, upon facts and questions involving the proper 
interpretation and application of these rules : provided, 
that parties to be affected thereby shall be notified as the 
board shall direct, of a time and place when such appeal 
will be acted on; and provided further, if the appeal relate 
to the decision of a race, immediate notice shall have 
been given to the Judges of the race of the intention so 
to appeal. [See By-Laws, Art. 7, Sec. 8, and Sec. 9. 
See also Rule 26, Sec. 1 and Rule 51, Sec. 4 ] 

Sec. 3. Any person who shall appeal from any order 
suspending him or his horse for non-payment of entrance 
money or a fine, may deposit the amount claimed with 
the Treasurer of said National Association, who may 
thereupon issue a certificate or notice, through the Sec- 
retary, temporarily reinstating or relieving the party and 
liis horse from such penalty, subject to the final action of 
the Board of Appeals; and any person who shall make de- 
posit under this rule, or under protest, shall file with the 
Secretary of this Association, within sixty days there- 
after, a sworn statement of the grounds of appeal or pro- 



TROTTING ASSOCIATION. 91 

test, in the absence of which the protest or appeal shall 
be regarded as and become void, and the deposit may 
be administered as a payment applicable to the claim in- 
volved. 

Sec. 4. In any case of deposit with any member of 
this Association for account of any claim of another 
member, or on account of any claim of which notice has 
been furnished from the office of this Association, the 
deposit shall be forwarded, within one week of the close 
of the meeting, to the office of this Association, for custody 
of its Treasurer, pending appropriate action thereon; 
and it shall be the duty of the member receiving any such 
deposit to notify the Secretary of this Association of the 
same, by telegraph when possible, otherwise by mail, 
within forty-eight hours from the receipt of the deposit. 
Rule 53. — Age of a Horse — How Reckoned. 

Section i. The age of a horse shall be reckoned from 
the first day of January of the year of foaling. 

Rule 54. — Colts and Fillies — Equally Eligible 
to Enter. 

Section i. All colts and fillies shall be eligible alike 
to all premiums and stakes for animals of their age, unless 
specially excluded by the conditions imposed. 
Rule 55. — Green Horse. 

Section i. A green horse is one that has never trotted 
or paced for premiums or money either double or single. 

Rule 56. — Races Made and " No Hour Named." 

Section i. All races shall be started at 2 o'clock 
p. m , from the 1st day of April to the 15th day of Sep- 
tember, and after that date at 1 o'clock p. m., until the 
season closes, unless otherwise provided. 
Rule 57 — Race Made and no Distance Specified. 

Section i. When a race is made and no distance 
specified, it shall be restricted to the following distances, 
viz : One mile and repeat; mile heats, best 3 in 5; two 
miles and repeat, or three miles and repeat, and may be 
performed in harness, to wagon, or under the saddle; the 



92 RULES NATIONAL 

distance and mode of going to be named by the party 
accepting the race. 

Rule 58. — Race Made to "Go as They Please/' 
Section i. When a race is made to " go as they 
please," it shall be construed that the performance shall 
be in harness, to wagon, or under the saddle; but after 
the race is commenced no change shall be made in the 
mode of going, and the race shall be deemed to have 
commenced when the horses appear on the track. 

Rule 59 — Race Made to Go " in Harness." 
Section i. When a race is made to go "in harness,"" 
it shall be construed to mean that the performance shall 
be to a sulky. 

Rule 60.— Matches Made Against Time. 
Section i. When a horse is matched against time, it 
shall be proper to allow any other horse to accompany 
him in the performance, but not to be harnessed with or 
in any way attached to him. 

Sec. 2. In matches made against time, the parties 
making the matches shall be entitled and limited to three 
trials, unless expressly stipulated to the contrary, which 
trials shall be had on the same day — the time between 
trials to be the same as the time between heats in similar 
distances. In such races there shall be no recall after 
the word is given. 

Rule 61. — Horses Sold With Engagements. 
Section i. The seller of a horse sold with his engage- 
ments has not the power of striking him out. 

Sec. 2. In case of private sale, the written acknowl- 
edgment of the parties that the horse was sold with, 
engagements, is necessary to entitle the buyer to the 
benefit of this rule. 

A true copy from record, February 13, 1884. 
Attest— 

THO'S. J. VAIL. 

Secretary. 



BETTING RULES. 93 



PREFACE TO BETTING RULES. 



In framing the general Rules and Regulations, the first 
Congress (in 1870) made no reference therein to betting. 
But, acting upon the belief that a published code of bet- 
ting rules, emanating from a suitable committee, would 
assist in the correction of abuses, and thus promote the 
reformatory objects of the National Association, it was 
moved that the presiding officer appoint such a commit- 
tee, which being agreed to, the chair appointed three 
prominent gentlemen to discharge that duty, with 
authority to select and add two more to their number. 
Through that committee, there was established the Code 
of 32 Betting Rules published in 1870, and these were 
revised and amended by another committee of five 
gentlemen appointed from the Congress of 1871, who 
reported the Code of 31 Betting Rules published that 
year ; since which time (no change having been made 
therein), the same Code has continued in use among 
turfmen, and is now re-published as remaining in force. 

These Betting Rules form no part of the laws of the 
Association, but they are published in this place for the 
convenience of those who desire to consult them. 

Hartfor'd, Conn., February 13, 1884. 



94 BETTING RULES. 



BETTING RULES. 



IN FORCE FROM AND AFTER FEBRUARY 1, 1871. 

Number i. All pools and bets must follow the main 
stakes, purse or other prize, as awarded by the decision 
of the judges, except in cases where the horse that comes 
in first is found to be disqualified, or the bets are declared 
off for fraud or collusion. 

No. 2. If the race is postponed, it shall not affect the 
pools or bets that may have been made on it. They shall 
stand until the race comes off, unless the contrary shall 
be agreed on between the parties betting ; provided the 
race takes place within five days of the time first named; 
after which time all bets and pools are drawn, unless 
made play or pay. 

No. 3. When any change is made in the conditions 
of a race, all pools and bets made previous to the an- 
nouncement of the change shall be null and void. 

No. 4. When a bet is made on one horse against the 
field, he must start or the bet is off, and the field is what 
starts against him; but there is no field unless one start 
against him. 

No. 5. In pools and betting, the pool stands good for 
all the horses that start in the race; but for those horses 
that do not start the money must be returned to the 
purchaser. 

No. 6. In races made play or pay, outside bets are 
not play or pay unless so made by the parties. 

No. 7. All bets are void on the decease of either party, 
but in case a horse should die, play or pay bets made on 
him stand. 

No. 8. If a bet is made on any number of straight 
heats, and there is a dead heat made, the heats are not 
straight, and the party betting on straight heats loses. 



BETTING RULES. 95 

No. 9. If in any case the Judges declare a heat null 
and void, it does not affect the bets as in case of a dead 
heat as to winning in straight heats. 

No. 10. When a race is coming off, and a party bets 
that a heat will be made in two minutes and thirty sec- 
onds (2.30), and they make two thirty (2.30) or less, he 
would win. If he bets they will beat two minutes and 
thirty seconds (2.30), and they make exactly two thirty 
(2.30), he loses; but if he takes two minutes and thirty 
seconds (2.30), against the field, and they make exactly 
two thirty (2.30), it is a tie or draw bet. All time bets to 
be decided accordingly. 

No. 11. In a double event — where there is no action 
on the first race in order, in consequence of forfeit or 
other cause, the bet is off; out where there is an action 
on the bet, and the party betting on the double event 
shall have won the first, the bet shall then stand as a play 
or pay bet for the second event. 

. No. 12. If a bet should be made during the contest of 
a heat that a named horse will win that heat, and he 
makes a dead heat, the bet is drawn, but if, after the 
horses have passed the score, a party bets that a certain 
named horse has won the heat, and the Judges declare it 
a dead heat, the backer of the named horse loses. 

No. 13. In races between two or more horses, of a 
single dash at any distance, which result in a dead heat, 
it is a draw between the horses making the dead heat, and 
bets between them are off; and if it is sweepstakes, the 
money of the beaten horses is to be divided between the 
horses making the dead heat. 

No. 14. When a bettor undertakes to place^the horses 
in a race, he must give a specified place, as first, second,, 
third, and so on. The word "last" shall not be construed 
to mean "fourth and distanced," if four start, but "fourth" 
only, and so on. A distanced horse must be placed 
"distanced." 

No. 15. Horses shall be placed in a race and bets 
decided as they are placed in the official record of the 



96 BETTING RULES. 

day; provided, that when a horse comes in first and it is 
afterward found that he was disqualified for fraud, the 
bets on him shall be null and void, but pool-sellers and 
stake holders shall not be held responsible for moneys 
paid by them under the decision of the Judges of the 
race. [See article 13 of By-Laws] 

No. 16. Bets made during a heat are not determined 
until the conclusion of the race, if the heat is not men- 
tioned at the time. 

No. 17. Either of the bettors may demand stakes to 
be made, and, on refusal, declare the bet to be void. 

No. 18. Outside bets cannot be declared off on the 
course unless that place was named for staking the money 
and then it must be done by filing such declaration in 
writing with the Judges, who shall read it from the stand 
before the race commences. 

No. 19. Bets agreed to be paid or received, or bets 
agreed to be made or put up elsewhere than at the place 
of the race, or any other specified place, cannot be de- 
clared off on the course. 

No. 20. Bets on horses disqualified and not allowed 
to start are void, unless the bets are play or pay. 

No. 21. A bet cannot be transferred without the con- 
sent of parties to it, except in pools. 

No. 22. When a bet is made on a horse's time, it shall 
be decided by the time made in a public race, he going 
single and carrying his proper weight. 

No. 23. When a horse makes time on a short track it 
shall not constitute a record for the decision of bets. 

No. 24. Horses that are distanced or drawn at the 
conclusion of a heat, are beaten in the race by those that 
start afterward. A horse that is distanced in a heat is 
beaten by one draw at the termination of the same heat. 

No. 25. When a man lays odds and intends to take 
the field against a single horse, he must say so, and the 
other party will choose his horse. When a man under- 



BETTING RULES. 97 

takes to name the winner, whether he bets odds or takes 
odds, he must name some one horse. 

No. 26. All bets are relative to the purse, stake, or 
match, if nothing to the contrary is specified at the time 
of making the bet. 

No. 27. Parties wishing all the horses to start for a 
bet, must so name it at the time the bet is made. 

No. 28. When the Judges declare a heat null and 
void, all bets on that heat shall stand for decision on the 
next heat. 

No. 29. All pools and bets shall be governed and de- 
cided by these rules, unless a stipulation to the contrary 
shall be agreed upon by the parties betting. 

No. 30. Should any contingencies occur not provided 
for by these rules, the Judges of the day shall decide 
them. 

No. 31. When a horse which has not been sold in the 
pools wins the race, the best horse sold in the pools wins 
the money. 

A true copy from record. 

Attest— 

THO'S, J. VAIL, 

Secretary. 



Different Styles of Betting by Turf Speculators of the 
Present Day. 



Perhaps a brief explanation of the manner in which 
wagers are laid upon turf events will not be out of place 
in this volume. Every prominent race meeting of the 
present day offers its patrons the opportunity of invest- 
ing their wealth upon the " favorite," or the ''field," in 
any race that may come off. The favorite method of 
betting money on races is the auction pool system, which 
was introduced here by a man named Doctor Under- 



98 BETTING RULES 

wood, about thirty years ago, who became not only an 
attraction, but a necessity at every large race meeting of 
his day and time, as no meeting was complete without 
Doc. Underwood, as he was familiarly called by all the 
patrons of the turf. Many *' silver tongued orators " 
have appeared in Underwood's role as pool-sellers, but 
a gentleman named Herdic, hailing from Williamsport, 
Pennsylvania, I think can transfer more money 
from speculators pockets into the pool box in a 
given time, than any man that has appeared since 
Underwood's day. Pool-sellers are merely the stake- 
holders of speculators who desire to deposit the amount 
of their bet where they know they can get it when the 
event is decided upon which the wager is laid, as pool- 
sellers are compelled by all large racing associations to 
give bonds, or secure their patrons against any default of 
payment as soon as the bet is decided. To illustrate: 
Suppose ten horses start in a race, cy are expected to 
start, the pool-seller commences by selling at auction the 
first choice which may bring $100; he then sells in the 
same way the second choice, which may bring $50; now 
there is $150 »in the pool, and he will probably sell the 
"field," or all the other horses in a bunch, for $20, and 
the total pool amounts to $170. If you have bought the 
favorite, or any other part of the pool, you step up to 
the cashier and pay him the amount you bid and receive 
a card, or pool ticket as it is called, which states the 
name of the horse you have selected, the amount you 
have paid, and the total amount of the pool. If the 
horse you have selected wins the race, you, upon presen- 
tation of your ticket, are paid the total amount of the 
pool, less three per cent, which pays the pool-seller for 
his time and trouble. Money deposited with the pool- 
seller at any large meeting is just as safe as though it was 
in a bank, as far as he is concerned, as pool-buyers would 
be a little too desperate a class of creditors for any man 
to fool with. In some cases the horses are all sold sepa- 
rately, which is called " selling them down." In such a 
case, of course, there is no "field." 



BETTING RULES. 99 

Paris Mutuals, or " French pools," as they are called, 
are conducted differently. The horses are all sold at 
the same price, from $5 to $25 ; each and every heat is 
a race. The sales are kept track of by means of a regis- 
ter called a Paris Mutual machine, which registers in 
plain sight of all the buyers the number of tickets sold 
on each horse, as well as the total number of tickets, and 
a speculator can see at a glance exactly the value of each 
ticket sold on the winner at that moment. At the con- 
clusion of each heat the total amount of the receipts for 
tickets is divided between the holders of tickets on the 
winner, less the commission of the pool-seller, which is 
five per cent, usually. 

Book-making is another system of betting, which is a 
style of betting in vogue in England for a long time, but 
has been introduced in this country quite recently, and 
within the last ten years has made rapid strides into pop- 
ular favor, particularly at all " running meetings." Book- 
makers bet against every horse in the race winning, and 
generally give " odds," such as five to one, ten to one, 
and as high as seventy to one. If you desire to back any 
particular horse and the book-maker is giving the odds 
of five to one on him, he will not let you bet less than five 
dollars, so you lay five against twenty-five that the 
horse you have backed will win the race over all others, 
and the book-maker has the "field " against you in every 
transaction. No commission is collected by book-makers. 
In trotting and pacing races every heat is a race, same as 
in the French pool system. 



100 TROTTERS. 



List of 2:30 Trotters in Harness to the Close 

of 1883. 



(New horses of 1883 are designated thus: *) 

*Abbottsford, b s, by Woodford's Mambrino, dam by 

Young Columbus 2.19| 

Abdallah, b s, by Volunteer 2.30 

Abdallah Boy, b s, by Abdallah Messenger 2.244 

Abe Downing, ch s, by Joe Downing _ 2.20| 

Abe Edgington, gr g, by Stockbridge Chief, Jr 2.23£ 

Adair, b g, 4 yrs^ by Electioneer 2.30 

Ada Paul, ch m, by Red Buck 226 

*Addie E. C, b m, by Burger 2.30 

Addison Lambert, b s, by Daniel Lambert 2.27 

Adelaide, b m, by Phil Sheridan 2.19f 

♦Adelaide, b m, 5 yrs, by Milwaukee 2.26| 

Adele Clark, b m, by Leger 2.25£ 

Adele Gould, ch m, by Jay Gould 2.19 

Administrator, b s, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.29£ 

iEmulus, br s, by Mambrino Pilot 2.25 

Ajax, b s, by Whipple's Hambletonian 2.29 

Alameda Maid, ch m, by Whipple's Hambletonian 2.27£ 

Albemarle, gr g, by Tom Hunter __._ 2.19 

Albert, blk g 2.24f 

Albert W, b c, 4 yrs, by Electioneer 2.22 

Alcantara, b c, 4 yrs, by George Wilkes.. 2.23 

*Alcyone, br s, by George Wilkes 2.27 

Aldine, br m, by Almont 2.19£ 

Alexander, b s, by Goldsmith's Abdallah 2.28£ 

Alexander, blk s, by Ben Patchen _ 2.19 

*Alexander, b g, by Happy Medium 2.26| 

Alexander Button, b c, 4 yrs, by Alexander... _. 2.26J 

Alexanders., rng, by a Morgan horse 2.28£ 

Alfred (Little Alfred), b g, by Cloud Mambrino 2.26 

*Algath, bf, 4 yrs, by Cuyler 2.23 

Alice, b m, (Canadian) __ 2.29 

Alice, b m, by Abraham 2.28 

Alice Medium, b m, by Happy Medium _._ 2.29| 

Alice Oates' record is 2.31 

Alice Stoner, b m, by Strathmore 2.24£ 

Alice Tyler, ch m, by Hero of Thorndale.. 2.30 

Alice West, blk m, 5 yrs, by Almont. _ 2.26 



TROTTERS. 101 

* Alleghany Boy, rn s, by Wood's Hambletonian 2.27£ 

Allen, b g, by Woodward's Ethan Allen 2.28£ 

*Allen Roy, gr g by Patchen Vernon 2 .23 

Allen W. H., b s, by Volunteer 2.23* 

Allen W. T., gr g, by Pearsall 2.29 

Allie West, blk s, 5 yrs, by Almont 2.25 

Alley, b g, by Volunteer 2.19 

Alma, br m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.28| 

*Almonarch, b s, by Almont 2.24£ 

*Almont Gift, b s, by Almont Chief 2.29i 

Almont, Jr., b s, by Almont 2.26 

Almont, Jr. (Bostick's), b s, by Almont 2. 29£ 

* Almont M., b s, by Almont 2 30 

Alonzo Hay ward, gr g, by Billy Hay ward 2.30 

Alroy, b c, 3 yrs, by Peacemaker. _ . 2.27£ 

*Alta, b m, by Almont 2.23^ 

Alton Boy, rn s, by Honest Allen, Jr 2.29* 

Ambassador, blk s, by George Wilkes . . 2. 25| 

Amber, b s, by Clear Grit 2.25| 

Ambler, b g, by Wood's Hambletonian 2.30 

Amboy, ch s, by Green's Bashaw 2.26 

*AmeliaC., b m by Dexter Bradford 2.21* 

American Girl, b m, by Amos' C. M. Clay . 2.16* 

Amy, b m, by Volunteer ' 2 20^ 

Amy B., b m, by Frank Dunn 2.24£ 

Ancient Order Boy, ch g, by Gen Morgan (Kurtz Horse).- 2.27 

Andy Mershon, gr s, by Curtis' Hambletonian 2.25i 

Angeline (Western Girl), b m, by Richard's Bellfounder. . . 2.27 

*Anglin, b g, by George Wilkes 2.27* 

Annette, b m, 5 yrs, by Sentinel 2 25* 

Annie Collins, br m 2 23* 

Annie G.,brm, by Dictator 2.28 

Annie Laurie, b f , 3 years, by Echo 2.30 

Annie Page, b m, by Daniel Lambert 2.27^ 

Annie S ., ch m, 5 yrs, by Almont 2.28| 

Annie W., ch m, 5 yrs, by Almont, Jr 2.20 

Anodyne, ch g, by Ross 'Colt 2.25 

*Arab, b g, 5 yrs, by Electioneer 2 24* 

Archie, b s, by Rutter's Garibaldi 2.28i 

Argonaut, br g, by Wood's Hambletonian 2. 23£ 

Argonaut, b s, by Fearnaught 2.23f 

Aristos, b s, by Daniel Lambert 2.27f 

Arthur, b g, by DeLon^'s Ethan Allen 2.26* 

Arthur, blk g, by Lexington, son of Braudywine 2.28i 

Arthur, ch g by Golddust 2.28f 

Arthur, gr g, by Young Columbus 2.27* 

Arthur T.. br g, by Col Ellsworth 2.30 

Ashland Kate, ch m, by Ashland Chief 2.29f 



102 TROTTERS. 

Ashley, ch g, by Plumas _.. 2.25* 

* Astoria, b m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.29* 

Aulinda, b m, by Woodward's Ethan Allen 2. 25 

Aurora, ch m, by John Nelson 2.27 

Baby Boy, wh g, by Winthrop Morrill.. 2.30 

*Baby Mine, rn m, by Stonewall Jackson __ 2.27* 

*Backman Maid, b m. by Charles Backman 2.25| 

Badger Boy, b g, bv Leon 2.29 

Badger Girl, gr m, by Black Flying Cloud 2.22* 

^Banker, ch s, by Mambrino Patchen 2.29* 

Banquo, b g 2.21 

Barbara Patchen, b m, by Peck's Idol 2.24* 

Barkis, b g, by Whirlwind 2.25* 

Barney, b g, by Mike 2.25* 

*Barney B., b g, by Forrester Patchen 2.27* 

Barney H.chg 2.30 

Barney Kelly, b g, by Holland's Ethan Allen 2.25 

Baron Luff, b g, by Happy Me ; ium 2.27 

Barrett, b s, 5 yrs, by Chester Chief 2.25 

Bashaw, Jr , ch s, by Green's Bashaw 2.24f 

Bashaw Maid, ch m, by Plow Boy 2.30 

Basil Duke, rn g, by Hippy 2.28* 

Batemnn. b g, by Doty's Black Harry Clay 2.22 

Bay (Tea Boy), b g, by Gideon. 2.27* 

*Baybrino, b g, by Swigert 2.28| 

Bay Charley, b g 2.28^ 

Bay Chieftain, b g, by John F Payne 2.28* 

BayDick.bg, by Howser's Hiatoga 2.29* 

Bay Fannie, b m 2.28 

*Bay Frank, b g, by Tornado 2.20 

Bay Henry, b g, by Mambrino Chief 2.28* 

Bay Jack, b g, by Victor 2.30 

*Bayonne Prince, blk s, 4 yrs, by Kentucky Prince 2.27A 

Bay Whalebone, b g, by Whirlwind. 2.26} 

*Bay William, b g, by Clear Grit. 2.27* 

Beautiful Bells, blk m. by The Moor 2.29* 

Beecher, H. W., blk s, by Phil. Sheridan 2.28* 

Bella, b m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.22 

Belle, bm, by Ericsson 2.28* 

Belle Brassfield, b m, by Viley's Cripple 2.20 

Belle Dean, blk m, by Gen. Lyon 2.30 

Belle Echo, b f , 4 yrs, by Echo... 2.23* 

*BelleF., b m, 5 yrs, by Masterlode.. 2.29* 

Belle of Fitchburg, b m, by Paragon 2. 30 

Bellflower, b m, by Milliman's Bellfounder... 2.28* 

Belle H, ch m, by Fisk's Belmont 2.23* 

Belle Lawrence, b m, by Denmark _ 2.28 

Belle of Lexington, ch m, by IVIagna Charta 2.26f 



TROTTERS. 103 

Belle Oakley, ch m, by Garibaldi 2.24± 

Belle of Portland, b m, by Witherell Messenger 2.26 

*Belle Shackett, ch m, by Daniel Lambert... 2.27£ 

Belle of Saratoga, br m, by Vermont Black Hawk 2.29 

Belle Smith, ch m, by the Berce Horse 2.29 

Belle Strickland, ch m, bv the Merrow Horse 2.26 

Belle of Toronto, br m, bv Toronto Chief... 2.30 

Belle Wilson, ch m, by Blue Bull 2.23£ 

♦Belle Wilson, b m, by Mambrino Bruce 2.24£ 

Ben Flagler, gr g, by Niagara Chief - 2.26J 

Ben Franklin, ch s, by Daniel Lambert 2.29 

Ben McClellan, ch g, by the Drew Horse 2 30 

Ben Morrill, br s, by Winthorp Morrill.. _ 2.27 

Ben Smith, gr g. by Young Columbus 2.27 

*BenStar, bg.l 2.29^ 

Bertie, gr m, by Blue Bull 2.27 

Bertrace, b m, by Rysdvk 2.27£ 

Betsy Ann, ch m, by Marshall Chief . -■ 2.28 

Betty Bump, blk m, by Stockholm 2.30 

Bickford, dn g, by Black Chief 2.29± 

Big Fellow, b g, by Edward Everett 2.26 

Big Ike, gr g, by Yankee Bonner 2.29£ 

Big John, b g, by Pilot Duroc .. ...2.24} 

♦BigLize, bm 2.24± 

♦Big Soap, b g, by Honesty 2.23 

Bill Ed, b g, by Gen. Washington 2.28 

Bill Thunder, b g, by Robin Clay 2.25 

Billy, br g, by Victor Denmark 2.29£ 

Billy, ch g 2.30 

Billy Bad Eye, b g, by Marshal Ney . . 2.29| 

Billy Barefoot, blk g, by King Herod... 2.28i 

Billy Barr (W. B. Whitman), dn g, by Ethan Allen 2.23f 

Billy Bolden. b g 2.30 

Billy Boy, b g, by Mambrino Temple 2.26£ 

Billy Burr, b g, by Walkill Chief... 2.29| 

♦Billv Button, ch g, by Hambletonian Prince 2.21£ 

Billy D., chg, by Daniel Lambert. 2.26 

Billy Dow,bg ..2.27 

♦Billy Ford, ch g, by son of Clark's Mohawk, Jr 2.30 

Billy Hoskins, gr g, by Edwin Forrest 2.26^ 

Billy L, b g ... 2.28£ 

Billy Lambertson, b g 2.28£ 

Billy O'Neil, (Harry Robertson), br g _ 2.27 

Billy Platter, gr g 2.26 

♦Billy R, blk g, by Clay Pilot... „ 2.29 

Billy Ray, rn g. by Wood's Hambletonian 2.23| 

♦Billy Sheridan, br g, by Phil Sheridan . . 2.29i 

Birdie C, b m, by Butter's Garibaldi 2.28£ 



104 TROTTERS. 

Blackbird, (Cal), blk s, by Simpson's Blackbird 2.23 

Black Cloud, blk s, by Prewitt's Ashland Chief 2.17J 

Black Dan, blk s 2.30 

*Black Diamond, blk s, by Mambrino Diamond 2.30 

Black Douglas, blk g, by Henry Clay 2 30 

Black Frank, blk g, by Frank... 2.28£ 

Black Frank (Chaney's), blk g, by Pony Frank 2.30 

Black Frank, blk g, by Wild Wagoner 2.24| 

*Black Ing, blk g 2.27£ 

Black Mack, blk g... 2 26| 

Black Pilot, blk s, by Roscoe _ 2.30 

Blackstone Belle, blk m, by Clark's Whalebone 2.28£ 

Black Swan, blk m, by McCracken's David Hill 2.28| 

Blackwood Jr, blk s, by Blackwood... 2.22£ 

Blackwood Prince, blk s, by Blackwood.... 2.23} 

Blaine, blk g, by Messinger Hunter 2 28§ 

*Blanchard, b g, by Daniel Lambert 2.25| 

Blanche, blk m, by The Railsplitter 2.23£ 

*Blanche, b f , 4 yrs, by Little Eastern _ . 2.30 

Blanch Amory, b m, by Clark Chief 2.26 

*BlanchH., blk m, by Blue Bull... 2.26£ 

Bliss, b m, 5 yrs, by Bayard, dam by Sam Hazard 2.2l| 

Blonde, gr m, by Hoaglaud's Grey Messenger 2. 29 J 

Blondine, ch m, 5 yrs, by George Wilkes 2.24f 

*Blue Jay, rn g, by Ben Lomand 2. 29£ 

Blue Mare, rn m, by Wood's Hambletoniau 2.23 

Bob Acres, ch g, 4 yrs, by Honest Allen 2.28£ 

Bodine, b g, by Volunteer 2.19} 

Bolly Lewis, b g, by Seely's American Star 2. 29 J 

Bonesetter, b s, by Brooks 2. 19 

*Boniti, bf, 2 yrs. by Electioneer 2.18£ 

Bonner, ch g, by Star of Catskill 2.23 

Bonner Boy. b g, by Gill's Vermont 2.23 

*Bonnie, b f, 4 yrs, by Gen. Binton 2.25 

*BonnieL., chg. by Charley B... 2.28 

*Bonnie WilkesVb m, by George Wilkes 2.29£ 

Boston, b g, by Daniel Lambert 2.27£ 

Bradley, J J (Lookout & John Nesbitt), b g.. 2.25} 

Brandy Boy, b g, by Admiral Patchen... 2.20£ 

Breeze, b g, by Rysdyk's Hambletoniau 2. 24 

♦Breeze Medium, b m, by Happy Medium... 2.29| 

^Brigadier, b s, by Happy Medium 2.2lJ 

Brignoli (Mambrino Prince), b s, by Mambrino Chief 2.29| 

Bristol Bill, gr g 2.29 

Bristol Girl, b m, by Jim Irving ..: 2.28| 

*Bronze, b f , 4 yrs, by Morgan Messenger _ 2. 21} 

Brookside Flora, br m, by Hamlet 2.29 

Brother Jonathan, b g, by the Potter Horse 2.24 



TROTTERS. 105 

Brown Dick, br g, by son of American Star 2 25^ 

Brown Dick, br g 2.24£ 

Brown Dick, br g, by Anthony Wayne 2.29£ 

*Brown Wilkes, br s, by George Wilkes 2.26^ 

Bruno, br g, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.29^ 

Brushy John, blk g, by Rappahannock. __ _. 2.27 

♦Buffalo Bill, rng, by Saddling Buck 2.29^ 

Bully Brooks, b tr. by Dirigo 2.28 

♦Bums, b s, by Kirkwood... 2.30 

Bushwhacker, b s, by Joe Hooker 2.29^ 

Business, b g, by Gossip Jones.. 2.29 

Buzz, br c, 4 yrs, by Toronto .. 2.28£ 

Buzz Medium, b m, by Happy Medium 2.20^ 

Byron, ch s, by Royal George". 2.25£ 

Cairo, b g, by Chieftain 2. 25 

Calamus, b m, by Swigert 2. 24^ 

Caledonia Chief, ch s, by Howe's Royal George ... 2.29$ 

California Damsel, eh m, by Andrew Jackeon Jr 2.24^ 

Callahan's Maid (Chicago Maid), ch m, by Revenge 2.25 

Calmar, b g, by Bourbon Chief 2. 22 

Camors, b g, by Dirigo _. 2.25£ 

Camors, blk g, by Gen Knox 2.19§ 

Capitola, b m._ 2 29} 

Capitola. br m, by Gilbreth Knox. 2.22^ 

Capoul. b s, 5 yrs, by Seutinel 2.28 

Captain, b s, by Billy Denton 2.28 

Captain Emmons, ch g, by Continental 2,20 

Capt. Gill, brg. 2.30 

*Capt. Herod, ch s, by Son of King Herod ._ 2.25| 

Capt. Jack, b g, bv Fisher's Patchen 2.26 

Capt. Jenks, ch g" __ 2.30 

Capt. Lewis, ch g, by Spink.. 2.20| 

Capt. Smith, grg, by Fenian Chief ... __ 2.28A 

Capt. Smith, br g, 4 yrs, by Locomotive 2. 29 

Carbolic, b g, by Kipp's Logan _. _ 2.24^ 

Cardinal, gr g, by Cardinal 2.30 

Careless Boy, b g, by Young Brandy wine 2.28 

Carrie, bm 2.29f 

Carrie, b m, by Volunteer 2.24£ 

Carrie B, b m, by Elial G 2.28£ 

♦Carrie C, br f , 2 yrs, by Electioneer, 2.27£ 

Carrie K., wh m, by Blind Eagle _ 2.3C 

Carrie Medium, b m, by Happv Medium, Jr 2.27t 

Carrie K , b m, by Young Woeful 2.27 

Cassius Prince, ch s, by Ballard's C. M. Clay 2.29 

Castle Boy, b g, by Gooding's Champion 2.21 

Castleton, b g, by Chesbrough. _ 2 21 

♦Catehfly, b m, by Administrator 2. 19 



106 TROTTERS. 

Catskill Girl, blk m, by Kossuth 2.28£ 

Cattaraugus Chief, b g, by Rough and Ready 2.29f 

*Center, gr g, 3 yrs, by Sultan 2.29i 

*Centurion, blk g, by Black Pilot . 2.27| 

Champaign, gi g, by Edwin Forrest 2.30 

*Champion Girl, b m, by Gooding's Champion 2.29£ 

Champion, Jr., br s, by Mambrino Champion 2.24 

Champion Morrill, br s, by Vermont Ranger 2.2? 

Chance, ch g, by Blue Bull 2.20£ 

Charles Hinson, grg... _ . 2.25 

Charles E. Loew (Patchen Chief), blk s, by Geo. M, Patchen 2.25£ 

Charles R., b g, by Gilbreth Knox 2.27 

Charley B. (Gifford), ch g, by Chicamauga 2.30 

Charley B. (Lark), ch s, by King's Champion 2.25 

Charley C, b g, by Woodward's Ethan Allen 2.28£ 

Charley Champlin, b g, by Messenger Duroc - 2.21f 

Charley Douglas, b g, by Tom, son of Scott's Hiatoga 2.30 

Charley Ford (Billy Baste der), gr g, by Ferguson's Gray 

Eagle. 2.16| 

Charley Green, b g, by Careless 2.26| 

Charley Hood, b g, by Pearsall . . . 2.29£ 

Charley Mac, ch g, by Holabird's Ethan Allen 2.25 

CharleyT., ch g „. 2.29i 

Chauncey H., br s, by Robert Bonner. __ ... 2 27£ 

ChauDcey M. Bedle, b g, by Gooding's Champion 2.30 

Chester, ch g, by Patrick Henry 2. 28i 

Chester, b g, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian... 2.27 

Chestnut Hill, b s, by Strathmore 2.22i 

Chicago (Hardbread and Jim Rockney), b g, by Ole Bull . 2 24f 

Chicago Jack, b g, by Sherman Black Hawk 2.30 

Chieftain, b g, by William Miner 2.25£ 

Clara (Crazy Jane), b m, by Sager Horse 2.27 

Clara Cleveland, ch m, by Amboy 2.23 

Clara G., b m, by son of Miles Horse 2.26 

Clara J, ch m, by Black Diamond 2.28 

*Clara M., b m, by Jack Sheppard 2.29 

Claremont, b s, by St. Clair 2 29 

Clarence, ch g .. 2.27£ 

Clark S, grg, by Edward Everett 2.27£ 

Clay, blk g, by Fred Low .. .2.25 

Clementine, b m, by Addison, Jr 2 21 

*Clemmie G., ch m^ 5 yrs, by Magic 2.17 

Cleora, blk m, by Menelaus 2. 18f 

Clermont, ch g, by Almont <*. . 2 30 

Cleveland, b g, by Hughes' Ned Forrest 2.28£ 

Clifton Boy, blk g, by Joe 2.23 

Clifton Boy, br g, by Major Winfield 2.30 

Clingstone, b g, by Rysdyk. 2.14 



TROTTERS. 107 

Clover (Brightwood), b g, by Young Hindoo ... 2.25£ 

Coaster, b s, by Calliban 2.26£ 

*Cobden, ch s, by Daniel Lambert - ... 2.28f 

*Code, b s, 4 yrs, by Dictator 2.26£ 

Colbourne, gr g 2.30 

Colonel, blkg.._. 2.27 

Col. Barnes, ch g, by King Champion 2.28£ 

Col. Dawes, bg — 2.24£ 

Col. Lewis, gr g, by Rifleman 2. 18| 

Col. Moulton, ch s, by Daniel Lambert 2 .28f- 

Col.Pike,bg, by Ballard's C M.Clay 2.29£ 

Col. Russell (Hop), b g, by Lewis Napoleon 2.25f 

Columbia Chief (Stump Puller), blk s, by Mambrino Black 

Hawk 2.29£ 

Columbus Hambletonian, b s, by Ajax 2.26 

Comee, b g, by Daniel Lambert.". 2.19£ 

Commander, blk s, 5 yrs, by Blue Bull 2.26^ 

Commodore, b g, by Young Post Boy _. - 2.23 

Commodore Nutt, b g, by Grantham Chief. 2.29 

Commodore Perry, b s, by Nonpareil 2. 27£ 

Commodore Vanderbilt, b s, by Young Columbus 2.25" 

Commonwealth (Dred), br s, by Phil. Sheridan.. 2.22 

Confidence, ch g, by Gillis' Horse 2.26 

Confidence, gr h, by Old Columbus _ 2.28 

Convoy, gr g, by Woodford Mambrino 2.22-1 

Cooley, blk g, by Daniel Boone 2.26 

Coolo, bg _ 2.30 

Coquette, ch m, by Jack Hawkins, Jr 2.28i 

Cora, b m, by Charles Douglas 2.29£ 

Cora Belmont, gr m, by Belmont 2.24| 

Cora F. , gr m, by Brown Harry 2.28 

Corbin's Bashaw, ch s, by Am boy 2.26f 

^Coriander, b s, by Iron Duke 2.29| 

Corisande, b m, by Iowa Chief.. 2.24^ 

Cornelia, blk m, by Col. Bonner 2.21£ 

Cottage Girl, ch m, by Mambrino Star ,.2,29£ 

Cozette, blk m, by Blumberg's Black Bashaw 2. 19 

Crown Point, ch s, by Speculation 2.24 

Crown Prince, wh g, bv Logan's Messenger _ 2.25 

Croxie, bm, by Clark Chief 2.19£ 

*Cunard, b g, by Von Moltke... 2.30 

*Cupon, dn g, by High Jack 2.29£ 

*Cyclone, blk s, 5 yrs, by Caliban. 2.25 

*Cyclop b s, by Caliban 2.27 

Dacia, blk m, by Woodford Mambrino 2.29i 

Daciana, blk m, by Harold 2.27| 

Daisy Burns, b m, by Shenandoah 2.29f 

Daisydale, b m, by Thorn dale 2.19f 



108 TROTTERS. 

Daisy Harailtan, b m, 5 yrs, by Blackstone 2.28£ 

Dacota Maid, ch m 2 26£ 

Dame Trot, b m, by Messenger Duroc . . _ 2.22 

Damon, b s, by Palmer Bogus 2.23£ 

Dan, ch g... 2.28£ 

Dan Bryant, ch g, by Plow Boy 2.24 

Dan Donaldson, ch g 2.24£ 

Dan Howell b g._ _ 2.29* 

Dan Mace (Sorrel Dan), ch g 2.30 

Dan Smith, b g, by Reporter 2.21J 

Dan Voorhees, ch s, by Gen. McClellan 2.23} 

Daniel Boone, gr g 2.28} 

Daniel the Prophet, b g, by Red Eagle 2.27 

Darby, b g, by Delmonico 2. 16£ 

David C bg ._ . 2.25" 

David Wallace, ch s, by Mambrino Pilot _ 2.28 

*Day Dream, ch f, 4 yrs, by Cuyler _ 2.21f 

Deceit, br g, by Jean Baptiste.. 2.30 

Deceiver, br g 2.29£ 

Deception, gr g 2.22£ 

Deck Wright, b g, by Hinsdale Horse 2. 19f 

*Defender, blk s, by George Wilkes... 2.26 

Defiance, br g, by Chieftain 2.24 

Delaware, ch g, by Morgan Black Hawk 2.28 

Delhi, bg _ 2.29£ 

Del Sur, b s, 5 yrs, by The Moor 2.24£ 

Denmark, br g. by County Boy ... .2.30 

Derby (Dutchman), b g, by Rough and Ready _ 2.25| 

Despatch (Windsor), rn g, by Lewiston Boy 2.24} 

*Deucalion, b s, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian _ 2.22 

Dexter, b g, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2. 17£ 

Dexter (Cal), b g, by Volunteer 2.27 

Diamond, blk s, by Wild Bashaw 2.28£ 

Dickard, ch g, by Daniel Lambert... 2.27 

Dick Jamison, b g, by Miller's Joe Downing 2. 26 

Dick Moore, ch g, by Belmont 2.22£ 

Dick Organ, b g, by Commodore 2.25| 

Dick Swiveller, b g, by Walkill Chief 2.18 

Dick Taylor, gr g, by Bob Didlake 2.24£ 

Dictator, b g, by Goldsmith's Abdallah 2. 27 

Dictator (Huckleberry, Brown Jack, and John T.) by 

Comet, son of Vt. Black Hawk... 2.22£ 

Dinah, rn m, by Young Flying Cloud 2.30 

Dio, b g, by Gen. Sherman 2.30 

*Director, blk s, 5 yrs, by Dictator 2.17 

Dirigo, br g, bv Fox Hunter 2.27 

Dixie, grm, by Pilot, Jr 2.30 

*Dixie Sprague, b m, by Gov. Sprague 2.25J 



TROTTERS. 109 

Doble, blk s, by Ericsson .._ 2.28 

Doctor Lewis (Leanaer), ch g, by Marshall Chief ... 2.24 

Doctor Norman, b g, by Col. Moore 2. 19f. 

Dolly, b m, by Frank 2.30 

Dollv Davis (Easter Maid), b m, by Almont 2,29 

Dom Pedro, b g by Blue Bull 2.27 

*Don, gr g,by Peck's Idol.. 2.22| 

Donald, b g, by Dictator 2.28 

Don Cossack, b s, 5 yrs, by August Belmont... 2.28 

DonE'ipha.. 2.30 

*Dora (Grade D), b m, by Corbeau 2.20 

Dot, b g, by American Emperor 2.29f 

Doty, b g, by Challenge 2.21 

Doubtful, gr g 2.29i 

Douglass, gr g, by Thomas Scott 2.25 

Draco, blk s, by YouDg Morrill 2.28 

Draco Prince, blk s, by Draco _. 2.244, 

Dread, b g, by Jim Monroe _ 2.27^ 

Dreadnaught, ch g 2.27| 

Dream, b m, by Curtis' Hambletonian 2.25| 

Drift (Nor wood), br g, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.29f 

Driver, b g, by Volunteer..". 2.19^ 

Drummer Boy, b g, by John W Conley 2.29| 

Duck, blk m, by Scott's Hiatoga 2.60 

Duke, b g, by Warner's Duke of York _ 2.26| 

*Duquesne, ch s, by Tippoo Bashaw 2.17£ 

Duroc, b s, by Banker's Messenger 2.26£ 

Duster, b g 2.30 

Dutchess Boy, br g 2.29± 

Dutch Girl, gr m, by Dusty Miller 2.29£ 

*Dutch Girl, rn m, by Abdallah Boy 2.27f 

Dutchman, grg 2.30 

Eagle Plume, gr g, by Bayard _ 2.294, 

*Earl,chg 2.26 

Early Rose, ch m. by Almont 2.20£ 

Echora.bm, by Echo 2.234; 

Ed Eaton, grg, by White Ghost 2.28 

Edgar, ch g, by Col Winfield 2.30 

Ed Getchell, br g, by Winthrop Morrill _ 2.27 

Edna (Fanny Fern), rn m, by son of Wisconsin Tiger 2.29£ 

Edward, ch g, by Masterlode 2.19 

Ed White, b g, by Jim Scott 2.27 

Ed Wilder, ch g. by Blue Bull... 2.30 

*Edwin A (formerly Sentinel;, bg 2.24f 

Edwin B.,blkg 2.27 

Edwin Forrest, b g, by Brannock's Ned Forrest 2.18 

Edwin Thome, ch g, by Thornedale 2.16£ 

Effie Deans, b m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.25^ 



110 TROTTERS. 

Elaine, b m, by Messenger Duroc 2.20 

Ella Clay,, b m, by American Clay 2.27£ 

*Ella Doe, ch m, by Daniel Lambert 2.23£ 

Ella Earl, b m, by Almont.. 2.25 

Ella Ell wood, bm 2.29 

Ella Lewis, b m, by Vermont 2.27 

Ella Madden, b m, by Rysdvk's Hambletonian 2.25| 

Ella Wilson, b m, by Blue Bull 2.30 

Ella Wright, b m, by Trojan 2.24£ 

Ellsworth, S. S, ch g, by Andy Johnson 2.29 

Elmer, br g, hy Gooding's Champion 2.25£ 

*Elmerald,b g._ ; 2.29} 

Elmo (St. Elmo), ch s, by Mohawk... 2.27 

Elmore Everett, b g, by Andrew Jackson 2.30 

*Elm wood Chief, br g, by Black Ranger. 2.28 

Elsie Good, ch m, by Blue Bull. 2.22£ 

Elsie Groff.bm.. 2.25 

*Elvira, blk f , 3 yrs, by Cuyler 2.27 

Elwood Medium, b s, by Happy Medium 2.24f 

Emma B , gr m, by Bayard 2.22 

Emma C, blk m, by Superb 2.30 

Emma E , br m (Lizzie Keller) 2.29 

Emperor, b g, b r Rollin's Horse 2.30 

Emperor, blk s, by Newman Horse 2.29£ 

Emperor William, b s, by Gen. Knox 2.27$ 

Empress, bm 2.30 

Empress, ch m, by Whipple's Hambletonian 2.24 

Enchantress, b m, by Happy Medium 2.26| 

Enfield, b s, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.29 

Enigma, b m, by Alcalde 2.28 

*Ensign, b s, by Enchanter... 2.284 

Envoy, br s, by Gen. Hatch 2.28 

*Erebus, blk g, by Scott's Hiatoga 2.28£ 

Eric, b g, 4 yrs, by Ericsson 2. 28£ 

Essex, b g — 2.29 

Essex Maid, b m, by Wild Wagoner ♦ 2.30 

Ethan Allen, b s, by Vt Black Hawk 2.254 

Ethel, bm, by Blue Bull 2.23 

Ethel Medium, b m, by Happy Medium 2.254, 

Etta Jones, br m, by Parish's Pilot 2.20 

Eureka, blk g, by Gen. Grant. 2.23 

Eva (Swallow), b m, by Gooding's Champion 2.25± 

*Eva, b f, 2 yrs, by Sultan... 2.25§ 

Eva, blk m, by Black Dutchman 2.27 

*Eva, gr m, by Princess 2.29£ 

Everett Ray, b g, by Edward Everett 2.25 

Ewing, b g, by Primus 2.21| 

*Exception,b g........ 2.26£ 



TROTTERS. Ill 

Executor, b s, by Administrator 2.26 

*Ezra L., b g, by Gideon. « 2.21| 

Factory Girl, b m, by Rysdvk's Hambletonian 2.29£ 

Fairmount, ch g, by ^ ild Billy. _ 2 29.^ 

Falmouth Boy, ch g, b Potter Horse 2.29| 

Fancy, bm " 2.30 

Fancy Day, b m, by Alcalde 2.30 

Fanny, ch m, "by Flying Banner 2.29 

Fanny, ch m 2.27 

Fanny Allen, b m, by Ethan Allen 2.28± 

Fanny Jefferson, blk m, by Thomas Jefferson 2.28} 

Fanny Lee, b m, by Ethan Allen ; . 2.29} 

Fanny Otis (Louise), b m, by Post Boy 2.28f 

Fanny Raymond (Princess), b m, by American Ethan 2.30 

Fanny Robinson, b m, by Blood Chief 2.204 

Fanny Wilkes, br m, 5 yrs, by George Wilkes 2.26} 

*Fanny Witherspoon, ch m, by Almont 2.17 

*Farce, b m, 4 yrs, by Princess 2.29£ 

Farmer Boy, gr g, by Young Columbus 2.28 

Farmer Maid, b m 2.28i 

Fashion, b m, by Clark's Mohawk Jr 2.23i 

Faugh-a-Ballagh, b g . . 2. 2o| 

*Faustina, b m, by Phil Sheridan 2.28} 

Favorite, ch m, by Senator . _ 2.30 

Fearless, b m, by Meeker Horse 2.28 

Fearnaught, br s, by Canada Black Hawk 2.29 

Fearnaught, ch s, by Perkiu's Young Morrill 2.23^ 

Fearnaught Jr., ch s, by Fearnaught, son of Young Morrill 2.26 

*Felix, b g, by Nutwood 2.25£ 

*Fides, chg, Gen. Stanton 2.27* 

Filbert, gr g 2.28 

Fitzgerald (Dunn), b g, by Young Columbus 2.30 

*Flash, blk m, 5 yrs, by Bonesetter 2.27$ 

Fleta, blk m, by Gen. Hatch 2.28 

Fleetwood, b s, by Happy Medium 2.29 

Fleetwood, ch g, by Winthrop Morrill 2.29 

Fleety Golddust, gr m, by Golddust 2.20 

*Flight, b m, 5 yrs, by Buccaneer 2.29 

Flirt, ch m, by Gen. Knox 2.28± 

*FloraB.,bm 2.28 

*Flora Belle, ch m, by Prince, son of Wm. Tell 2.29f 

Flora Belle, b m, by Stevens' Uwharie 2.22| 

Flora Belle, ch m, by Abe Lincoln 2.27| 

Flora Belle, ch m, by Prince. 2.30 

Flora F., b m, by Clear Grit 2.24£ 

*Flora Jefferson, b m, by Thos. Jefferson _ 2.28f 

Flora Shepherd, ch m, by Gen. McClellan 2.30 

Flora Temple, b m, by Bogus Hunter 2.19f 



112 TROTTERS. 

Flora Windsor, b m, by Windsor _ 2.30 

Florence, ch m, "by Highland Gray. 2.23^ 

Florence M., ch m, 5 yrs, by Blue Bull 2.25£ 

Forest King, b g. by Honest Dan 2.27 

*Forest Patchen, br g, by King Patchen 2.19f 

Fox, cb g, by Peacock _ 2.30 

*Foxie V , ch m, by King Herod __s. 2.23f 

Frances, wh m, by H. W. Genet 2.27 

Frank, b g, (Bemis).. 2.28 

Frank, br m, (Wilson's) 2.27£ 

Frank, blk g, by Young Oneida., 2.20 

Frank, b g, by Abraham... 2.26£ 

Frank Allison, b s, by Ather ton's Blackbird 2.2^ 

Frank Davis, bg 2.29 

Frank F, by Emperor William 2.26£ 

Frank Ferguson, b g, by Billy Glenn 2.26 

Frank Fisk, rn g, by Black Hawk Bertrand 2.29 

Frank Forester, b 3, by Abdallah 2.30 

Frank J., (Milton Day), dn g __ 2.23f 

Frank Kernan, b g 2 261 

Frank Landers, b g, by Saddling Buck ._ 2.26£ 

^Frank Moscow, ch g, by Moscow 2.271 

Frank Munson, ch g, by Paragon 2.25 

Frank Palmer, b g 2.26£ 

*Frank Patchin, ch g, by Seneca Patchin 2. 30 

Frank Reeves, b g, by Skedaddle 2.23£ 

Frank Wood, b g, by Volunteer 2.24 

Fred, b g, (Roden's) 2.30 

Fred.bg, by Democrat 2.30 

Fred (Texa<), bg 2.28f 

Fred Casey, ch g, by Fessenden 2.23£ 

Fred Crocker, b c, 2 yrs, by Electioneer 2.25} 

Fred Douglas, ch s. by Green's Bashaw 2.20| 

Fred Douglas, blk g, by Black Frank.. 2.25| 

Fred Golddust, ch s, by Fancy Golddust 2.27£ 

Fred Hooper (J. Ellis), b g, by Royal Revenge. .... — 2.23 

*FredNeil, b g, by Bay Tom 2.29 

Freeman, blk s, by Macedonian 2.29 

Freestone, b g, by Capt. Webster 2.29 

Fritz, b g, by Bay Richmond 2.27£ 

♦Frustone, b g, by Republic _ 2.28£ 

*Fugue, b f, 3 yrs, by King Rene 2.27£ 

*Fulton Maid, b m, by Clay Pilot 2.29" 

Galatea, b m, by Fearnaught 2.24 

Gazalle, b m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.21 

Gen. Beamish, gr g, by Royal George 2.26£ 

Gen. Butler, blk g, by Smith Burr.. 2.2H 

Gen. Garfield, bg, by Ky. Black Hawk 2.21 



TROTTERS. 113 

Gen. Grant, ch s, by Wapsie 2.21 

*Gen. Hancock, b g, by Lightning 2.25 

Gen. Howard, br g, by Badger Boy 2.26| 

Gen. Lee, clig.. 2.29 

Gen. Love, ch s, by Field's Royal George 2.30 

Gen. McClellan, b s, by Drew Horse. 2.29 

Gen. McClellan, dn g, by Montauk "$.29 

Gen. Picton, gr g, by Rattler 2.30 

Gen. Sherman, gr g, by Pilot, Jr 2.28f 

Gen. Tweed, ch g, by Myron Perry - 2.26* 

George, bg 2.24| 

George, blk g, by Mambrino Patchen 2.24| 

*Qeorge, br s, by George Wilkes 2.30 

*George A., b g, by Daniel Lambert. 9.25 

George A. Ayer, gr g. by Woodford Mambrino _. 2.30 

George B. Daniels, ch g, by King's Champion _ .. 2. 24 

George Gooley, b g, by Neave's C. M. Clay 2.27 

*George D. Sherman, blk g, by Black Ralph 2,29| 

George F. Smith, b g, by Niagara Chief. . 2.28 

George H , br g, by Gen. Benton . . . 2.26f 

George H.. b g, by Godfrey's Patchen _ 2.25 

George Henry, bg . 2.27 

George H. Mitchell, b g. by American Ethan . . . . 2.26 

George Judd, rn g __ 2.26^ 

George K., gr g, by Swigert _ . _ 2.25£ 

George M, b g, by Westfield Boy- 2.24 

George Miller, b g, by Boston Boy 2.30 

George M. Patchen, b s, by Cassius M. Clay 2.23£ 

George M. Patchen, Jr , br s, by George M. Patchen 2.27 

George Palmer, b g, by Palmer Bogus 2. 19£ 

George Treat, br g, by McCracken's David Hill _ 2.25£ 

*George V., ch g, by Masterlode 2.20 

George Wilkes, br s, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.22 

Gibraltar, b s, by Echo 2.22£ 

Gift, Jr.. br s, by Mambrino Gift 2 27 

^Gilbird's Sprague, blk s, by Gov. Sprague 2.29± 

Gilbreth Knox, blk s, by Gen. Knox 2.26f 

*Gladiator, bg, by Blue Bull 2.22| 

*Glamis, gr g, by Godfrey's Patchen 2.25 

Glendale, b g, by Mambrino Wagner 2.20£ 

Glengarry (Uncle Abe), br g, by Winthrop Morrill 2.27 

*Glen Miller, gr s, by White Line 2.28£ 

*Glenwood ..ch s, by Wapsie 2,27£ 

Glide, ch s, by Perkins' Morrill 2.24 

Gloster, b g, by Volunteer. 2.17 

Gloucester, b g, by Highland Boy 2.23£ 

*GoldenBow, ch s, by Satelite 2.27f 

Golden Girl, gr m, by King's Champion 2.25J 



114 TROTTERS. 

*Golden Girl, b m, by Golden Bow 2.28£ 

Goldtinder, ch s, by John Lambert 2.23£ 

Goldleaf, chg 2.28| 

Gold Note, bg 2.25 

Goldsmith Maid, b m, by Alexander's Abdallah.. 2.14 

Good. Morning, b m, by Harold 2.28^ 

Governor, gr s 2.28 

Governor, b g, by Clark Chief 2.30 

Gov. Plaisted, b g, by Gray Dan ... 2.29£ 

Gov. Sprague, blk s, 5 yrs, by Rhode Island (?) 2.204 

Gov. Stanford, ch g, by John Nelson 2. 27£ 

Grace, gr m 2.27± 

Grace, b m, by Knickerbocker 2.27 

Grace Bertram, ch m, by New Jersey 2.29 

Grafton, ch g, by Van Meter's Waxy 2.22£ 

Grand Duchess (Mary Ann), b m, by Hanley's Hiatoga... 2.26| 

*Grand Sentinel, b s, by Sentinel „_ 2.27J 

Granville, ch g, by American Clay 2.26 

Grateful, ch g, by the Brown Horse . . . 2.28-| 

Graves, ch g, by Whipple's Hambletonian _ 2.20 

*GrayDan, gr g 2.30 

Great Eastern, br g, by Walkill Chief 2.18 

Great Western, blk g, by Superb 2.29 

Green Charley, blk g, by Green's Bashaw _.. 2.26£ 

Grey Bill, gr g, by Young Brandy wine 2.30 

Grey Charley, gr g . . 2.29 

Grey Chief, gr g, by Napoleon 2.24f 

Grey Cloud, gr s. by Blue Grass 2.23£ 

Grey Eddy, gr g, by Morse Horse 2.30 

Orey Eddy, gr g, by Blue Colt.... 2.27 

Grey Hawk, gr g _ 2. 28f 

<2rey Jack, gr g, by Clifton Pilot . ... 2.28£ 

Grey Mack (Mack), gr g, by Black Hawk Hero 2.25} 

Grey Salem, grg 2.24 

Guess Not, b m, by Hambletonian Prince 2.27£ 

Gus, b s, by Milliman's Bellfounder 2.26f 

Gypsy, b m, by Winthrop Morrill... 2.24^. 

Gypsy Boy, blk s, by Stonewall Jackson... _ 2.28 

Hall Terrill (S. V. Switz), b g 2.28f 

Hambletonian Bashaw, b s, by Green's Bashaw 2.21£ 

Hambletonian Mambrino, b s, by Curtis' Hambletonian... 2.21£ 

Hambrino, b s, by Edward Everett 2.2lJ 

Hambrino Belle, b m, 5 yrs, by Hambrino ._ 2.25£ 

Hamperion, b s, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian... _ 2.29J 

Hancock, b g, by Whipple's Hambletonian 2.29 

*Handi jap, rn g, by Stephen A Douglas 2.22 

Hannah D, br m, by Magna Charter 2.22^ 

Hannis, ch s, bv Mambrino Pilot 2.17f 



TROTTERS. 115 

*Happy , whra 2. 27 

Happy Jack, b g, by Andrew Jackson, Jr 2.30 

"""Happy Thought, b s, by Happy Medium 2.22J- 

Happy Traveler, b s, by Hambletonian Prince 2.27| 

Hardwo d, b s, by Blackwood. 2.24£ 

Harry, b g, by Happy Medium 2.20 

Harry Clay, blk s, by Neaves' Cassius M Clay __ 2.29 

Harry Clay, blk g, by Strader's Cassius M. Clay 2 23£ 

Harry Conklin, b g, by Superb 2.26 

Harry Gilbert, ch g, by Jupiter 2.24 

Harry Harhy, b g, by Young Columbus 2. 25f 

*Htrry Mills, br g\ by Sweepstakes-.. 2 27 i 

Harry Mitchell (Ed. Foster), by Foster's St Lawrence 2.28§ 

*Harry Pallon, b s, by Menelaus 2.29| 

*Harry Pelham, gr g, by Thomas Jefferson __ 2.28| 

Harry Spanker, b g, by Gen. Knox. 2.30 

Harry Velox, b g, by'YJox... 2.26£ 

Harry W. Genet (Danvers Boy), b s, by Godfrey's Patchen 2.26 

Harvest Queen, b m, by Kysdyk's Hambletonian 2.29£ 

Hattie, ch m . 2.30 

Harry Wilkes, b g, by George Wilkes 2.23£ 

Hattie Arnold (Lady Daniels), bm 2.2 i 

Hattie Woodward, b m, by Aberdeen 2.15£ 

Haviland (Ned Cole), b g, by Mountain Chief 2.29| 

Hazor (At wood) gr g, by Young America 2.26^ 

H. B. Winship, blk g, by Aristos 2.20£ 

Header, ch g 2.28 

Headlight, ch g, by Scott's Hiatoga 2 30 

Hector, b g, by Otego Chief 2 23 

Heleue, ch m, by Hambletonian Prince 2 22 

^Henderson, ch g, by Strathmore 2. 27£ 

Henry (Whitcomb) b g 2.2i)J 

Henry, b g, by Harry Lathrop 2. 20{ 

Henry (John Chambers), b g, by Canadian Lion 2.27£ 

Hermes, br s, by Harold 2.274 

Herod, blk s, by King Herod ._. 2.26f 

*Hersey, br s, by Macedonia 2.23f 

*Hetty Pearl, br m, by Princeps 2 27 

Hickok.O. A., bg _ 2.30 

Hickory, b s, by Goldsmith's Abdallah 2.27f 

Highland Grey, gr s, by Darkey _ _ 2.28 

Highland Maid, b m, by Saltram _.. 2.27 

Highland Mary, br m, by Pocahontas B< >y 2.26 

Highland Stranger, b s, by Mambrino Patchen 2.2o£ 

Hill, H. C, b g _. .._. 2.25* 

*Hinda Rose, b f , 3 yrs, by Electioneer 2 .19^ 

Hiram Woodruff, br g, by Phil Sheridan 2.25 

Hogarth, blk s, 5 yrs, by Messenger Duroc 2.26 



116 TROTTERS. 

Honest Billy, b g, by Green Mountain Morgan 2.29£ 

Honest Dutchman, ch s, by HoaglancTs Grey Messenger.. 2.26^ 

Honest Harry, rn g, by Winthrop Morrill 2.22£ 

Honesty, eh s, 4 yrs, by Priam 2.25| 

Hope, cii g, by Telegraph 2.28 

Hopeful, gr g, by Godfrey's Patch en 2.14f 

Hot-pur (Col. Maynard), b g, by Ethan Allen 2.24 

Hotspur Chief, b g, by Hotspur 2.29* 

*Howard Jay, rn g, by Wood's Hambletonian 2.2l| 

Hudson, b g. by Tippo 2.29 

Hugh McLaughlin, b s, by Aberdeen 2.23 

Humboldt, b g, by Stocking Chief 2.20 

Hunter (Wild Irishman), ch g, by Black Dutchman 2.29 

Huntress, b m, by Volunteer 2.20£ 

^Huntress, ch m, 5 yrs, by Admiral 2.28 

Hylas, ch s, by Alcalde 2.24£ 

*Idlewild, blk m, by Glenair 2.29£ 

Idol, ch m, by Black Warrior. 2.27 

Idol (Myrtle Thompson), b m, by Stephen A Douglass. .. 2.23 

InaG, bm, Blue Bull 2.24 

Inca, br s. by Woodford Mambrino. 2.27 

Independence, br s, by Young Hindoo 2. 23£ 

*Index, b g, by James R Reese 2.26| 

Indianapolis, br s, by Tattler 2.21 

India Rubber, blk g, by Rocket 2.29£ 

Indicator, ch s, by Golddust 2.27 

Ingomar, rn g, by Dick 2.29f 

*Ino, b m, by Chenery's Gray Eigle 2.22£ 

Irene, gr m, by Dusty Miller . 2.20| 

Iron Age, rn g, by Jules Jurgensen 2.23£ 

Iron King, b g, by Key's Abdallah 2.30 

*Isaac, b g, by George Wilkes 2.29£ 

Jack Barry, b g. 2.2$| 

Jack Draper, gr g, bv Hambird 2.27 

Jack Lewis, b g, by Clifton Hlot 2.28 

Jack Sailor, b g, by Sweepstakes 2.25 

Jackson (Corrigan Jackson), b s, by Fine Cut 2.27f 

Jacksonville Boy, b g 2.26 

* James Halfpenny, b g, by Blue Bull. 2.30 

James H. Burke (Gov. Morgan), blk g, by Tippoo Horse.. 2 27| 

James Howell, Jr., br g, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.24 

James D. McMann (Shoo-Fly), b g. by Geo M. Patchen Jr 2.28f 
Janesville, b g, by Robert Fulton 2.29J 

* Jay bird, b m, by Kent, son of Skepton 2.30 

*Jay Eye See, blk g, 4 yrs, by Dictator 2. 10£ 

Jay Gould, b s, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.21£ 

Jenny, b m, by Red Eagle 2.22| 

* Jenny, b m, by Dandy, son of L. I. Black Hawk 2.29| 



TROTTERS. 117 

Jenny Holton, b m, by Billy Bacchus 2.23£ 

Jenny L., gr m, by Hoagland's Grey Messenger (?) — 2.27J 

Jenny W„bm, bv Brown Harry . . 2 30 

Jericho (Everett),"b g.._ ._ - 2.30 

Jerome, ch g, by Keokuk 2.27 

Jerome (Legal), b g, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.27 

Jerome, b g, by Hamil' on _ _ * 2 .25f 

Jerome Eddy, b s, by Louis Napolean . 2. 16^ 

Jersey Boy, b g, by Young Volunteer 2.21^ 

Jessie Dixon, b m, by Mambrino Patchen ... ._ ... 2.27 

Jessie Hayes, b m, by Ned Forrest - . . 2.24 

Jessie Maude, gr m, by Regulus 2 .29 

Jessie Wales, blk m, by Smith's Ajax 2.30 

Jewell, b g, by Buckingham.. 2.285 

Jewess, The, b m, by Mambrino Patchen 2.26 

Jewett, blk g, by Allie West 2.22£ 

Jilt, ch m, by Allegheny Chief 2.28£ 

Jim, rn g, by Daniel Lambert 2.23| 

Jim Bowman, b g, 4 vrs, by Mambrino Patchen 2.29i 

Jim Crandall. ch g__"._ 2.30 

Jim Irving, b 2f, by Wilson's Snowstorm 2.23 

Jim Raven, blk g, by Star of the West 2.30 

Jimmy Stewart, b g. by Daniel Lambert 2.24J 

Jim Ward, b g, by Young Columbus 2.28i 

Joe (Triumph), ch g, by Young Plenipo 2.25| 

Joe Brown, gr s, by Woodward's Rattler 2,22 

*Joe Bunker, gr g, by Geo. Wilkes 2.19£ 

Joe Green, b g 2.26^ 

Joe Hooker, ch g, by Andy Johnson 2.30 

Joe Kellogg, b g 2.30 

Joe Pettit, b g, by Ashland 2.30 

JoeRhea,bg 2.23 

Joe Ripley, b g, by Sawin's Hambletonian 2.25 

Joe 8., b g. by Daniel Lambert 2.30 

Joe Udell, bg 2.30 

* Joe Young, blk s, by Star of the West 2.29| 

JohnB., b g 2.27 

John S Clark, by Thomas Jefferson 2.19f 

John W Conley (Beppo), b g, by Tom Wonder 2 24 

John J Cook, gr g, by Star of the West.... 2.29£ 

John E., rn g, by Clark's Chief 2.28f 

John Fero (Western Boy), bg 2.27£ 

John Grant, bg 2.25£ 

John H., by Blumburg's Black Bashaw ._ 2.20 

John Hall, b g, by Daniel Lambert . . 2. 24£ 

John Hall, blk g, by Gen Howard 2.25 

J@hn W. Hall, ch g, by Independence 2.25 

John S. Heald, br g, by Whalebone Knox 2.27£ 



118 TROTTERS. 

*John Love, b g, by Billy Denton 2.28£ 

John McDougall, b g, by Bay Billy 2.29 

John Morgan (Medoc), ch g, by Pilot Jr._ 2.24 

John R , br g, by Peck's Mol 2.23 

John Stewart, b g, by Tom Wonder 2.30 

John Taylor, b g 2.25 

John Virgin, ch g by Dirigo.. 2.29 

Johnny Gordon, ch g, by Toronto Chief 2d 2. 25| 

Joker br g, lby Parris' Hambletonian 2. 22£ 

Joseph, b g 2.29£ 

Joseph A., b g, by Sackett's Hambletonian 2.24 

Josephine, b m, by Green's Bash-iw _. 2.30 

Josephine S., blk m. by Guy Miller Jr 2.29^ 

Josephus, ch g, by Green's Bashaw 2.19| 

Josh Billings, ch g, by Mott's Independence ._ 2.29§ 

Jubilee Lambert, b s, by Daniel Lambert 2. 25 

*Judge Davis, b g, by Joe Brown 2.22 

Judge Fullerton, ch g, by Edward Everett 2.18 

Judge Hawes, b g, by Jim Monroe 2.24 

Judge Pollard, ch g, by Brown's Tom Crowder 2.29| 

Judgment, br g by Black Milo 2.29 

Kansas ChM. b g, by Young Josephus 2.21£ 

Kate Bennett, rn m, by Blue Bull 2.29| 

Kate Campbell, br m, by Scott's Hiatoga . 2 25| 

Kate Hall, b in, by Blue Bull 2.24| 

Katie Jackson, b m, 4 yrs, by Almont.. 2.25f 

Kate McCall. grm, by Blue Bull... 2.23 

Katie Mi Ulleton. ch m, by Mambrino Patchen 2.23 

Kate Sprague. b m, by Gov. Sprague... 2.18 

Kate Taylor, b m, by Aberdeen ...- 2.23f 

Keene, Jim, rn g, by Lookout.. 2.19^ 

Keney. ch g 2.29£ 

Ken o. b g, by Magic 2 23i 

Kentuckian. ch s, by Balsora 2.27| 

♦Kentucky Girl, b m, by Edward G... 2.?8£ 

♦Kentucky Wilkes, blk s, by George Wilkes 2.20£ 

Key West, ch s 2.28£ 

Ki Ki (G. W. Patterson), b g. by Henry B Patchen 2.28 

Kilburn Jim, b s, by Wood's Hambletonian 2.23 

King Almont, b s. by Almont ._.- 2.26£ 

King Philip, b s, by Jay Gould 2.21 

*King Wil<es. br s, by George Wilkes «... 2.23 

King William, blk g 5 yrs, by Washington Denmark 2.20f 

Kinsman Boy, blk s. by Case's Dave Hill 2 28| 

Kirkwood. br s, by Green's Bashaw . - 2.24 

Kisber, b s by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.27f 

*Kit Sanford, b m, by Wood's Hambletonian... 2.29£ 

Kitty, b m, by Andrew Jackson 2.30 



TROTTERS. 119 

Kitty Bates, gr m, by Jim Monroe 2.19 

*Kitty Burch, ch m, by Geo. B McClellau... 2.28 

Kitty Cook, b m, by Abraham.. _. 2.26 

Kitty Clyde, br m, by Kirkwood 2.29£ 

Kitty D., br m, by Tuckahoe Horse 2.26i 

Kitty Ives, gr m/by Bacon's Ethan Allen.. 2.28| 

Kitty Fisher, b m, by Glenn's Hambletonian 2.29£ 

Kitty Morris, b m, by Lon Morris 2.30 

•Kitty Patchen, ch m, by Jeb Stewart 2.22£ 

Kitty Silver, ch m , by Mambrino Patchen 2.27£ 

•Kitty Van, bm, by Walker's Morrell _ 2.24 

Knox Boy, br s, by Gen. Knox _ _. 2.23£ 

Lady Alice, b m 2.29i 

Lady Augusta, b m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian _ 2.30 

Lady Banker, b m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian _ 2.23 

Lady Bianchard, gr m, by Whipple's Hambletonian.. 2.26£ 

Lady Blanche, bm .. .... 2.28± 

Lady Blessington, b m, by Middletown 2.27 

Lady Brown ell, b m, by Western Fenrnaught 2.25f 

La !y Byron, blk m, by Royal George ... 2.28 

Lady Clark, rn m, by Clark's Mohawk Jr 2.27 

Lady Crossin, b m, by Sussex Chief 2.28 

Lady Daggett, gr m. by Logue Horse 2. 26 

Lady Dahlman, b m, by Robert Bonner 2.28 

Lady Din smore. b m 2.30 

•Lady Elgin, b m, by Legal Tender Jr 2. 26f 

Lady Ellen, b m, by Carr's Mambrino 2.28 

Lady Emma, ch m, by Jupiter 2.26J 

Lady Emma, b m, by Champion (Poscora) 2. 28 

Lady Faustina, b m. by Vermont 2.29£ 

Lady Fox, ch m, by Drury's Ethan Allen 2.30 

Lady Foxie, ch m, by Daniel Lambert 2.24£ 

Lady Garfield, bm 2.28$ 

Lady Griswold. gr m 2.29 

Lady Groesbeck, gr m, by Star of the West 2. 25| 

Lady H., gr m, by Manchester's Tuckahoe 2.27 

Lady Hamilton, gr m, by Royal George * 2 30 

Lady Hughes, b m, by Jupiter *. ,__ 2.30 

Lady Jane, b m 2.30 

Lady K, b m, by Gen. Geo. H. Thomas 2.29£ 

Lady Kerns, b m, by Ambov 2.29§ 

Lady Kildeer, br m, by Black Dutchman . ._ 2.28 

•Lady Leah, gr m 2.25£ 

Lady Lemmon, b m, by Knickerbocker 2.30 

Lady Lock wood, bm, by Neaves' C. M. Clay 2.25 

Lady Lowe, ch m 2.28 

•Lady Lucas, ch m, by Tramp 2.29J 

Lady Lumber, blk m, by Lumber 2.27J 



120 TROTTERS. 

Lady M, gr m, by Vermont Hero.. 2.30 

Lady Mac, b m, by Whirlwind 2.23 

Lady MoFatridge, b m, by Woodford Mambrino 2.29 

Lady Mack, b m ___ 2.30 

*Lady Martin, b m, by Downing's Abdallah 2.23 

Lady Maud, br m, by Gen. Knox 2.18^ 

Lady Mills, b m, by Chosroes , 2.24^ 

Lady Monroe, gr m, by Jim Monroe _. 2.26£ 

Lady Moore, b m, by Peacemaker . 2.25 

Lady Morrison, b m, by Volunteer - 2.27-£ 

Lady Moscow, b m 2.30 

Lady Prewitt, b m, by Clark Chief. — _ 2.30 

Lady Pritchard, ch m, by Green Mountain Banner 2.21 

Lady Rolfe, b m ; 5 yrs, by Tom Rolfe 2.22£ 

Lady Ross, b m, by Virgennes Black Hawk __ 2.29f 

Lady Sampson, b m, byDolphus . . 2.28f 

Lady Sargeant, b m, by Gooding's Champion 2.27j 

*Lady Scud, b m, by Edward Everett 2.29£ 

Lady Shannon, ch m, by Harris' Hambletonian _ 2.28i 

Lady Sheridan, bm 2.28$ 

Lady Sherman, br m, by Gen. Sherman...... 2.25| 

Lady Snell, b m, by Godfrey's Patchen- 2.23£ 

Lady Star (Capitola), b m, by Sir Henry 2.24 

Lady Stout, ch m, 3 yrs, by Mambrino Patchen 2.29 

Lady Suffolk, gr m, by Engineer 2d 2.26£ 

Lady Sutton, b m, by Morgan Eagle 2.30 

Lady Thorne, b m, by Mambrino Chief 2. 18^ 

Lady Thornton, b m, by Mapes' Hamiltonian 2.26| 

Lady Thorne, b m, by Darlbay 2.25 

Lady Tighe, blk m, by Felter's Hamiltonian 2 29 

Lady Turpin, blk m, by Bell Morgan 2.23 

Lady Vernon, gr m 2.29£ 

Lady Voorhees, b m 2.23£ 

Lady Williams, ch m, by Parson's Horse _. 2.28| 

Lady Woodruff, b m, by Burr's Washington 2.29" 

Lancet, blk g, by Vermont Black Hawk 2. 271 

Largesse, br m, by Seott's Thomas... 2 28f 

*Laura M., b m, by Washington, son of G. M. Patchen. ._ 2.27 

Laura Williams, gr m, by Holabird's Ethan Allen.. 2.24£ 

Leda, b m, by Aberdeen 2.251 

*Lee W. (Sorgum), b g 2.26£ 

Legal R,bg_ 2.30 

Legal Tender, b g, by Legal Tender 2.27£ 

*Lem, b s, by Orange County 2.27} 

*LeonBoy, b g.._. 2.29| 

Leontine, brm, by Hamlet 2.23£ 

Lewinski, b g, by Mambrino Messenger 2.25^- 

Lew Ives, b g, by Bacon's Ethan Allen 2.28 



TROTTERS. 121 

Lew Pettee, b g, by Benson Horse _ ■... 2.29 

Lew Sayres, rn g, by Neaves' Cassius M. Clay Jr 2.28f 

Lew Scott, b g, by Scott's Hiatoga 2.23 

License, ch g -. 2.26$ 

Lida Bassett, b m, by Forrest King ... 2. 20$ 

Lida Picton, brm... 2. 27$ 

Lillian, ch m, by Almont . 2.23 

Lilly, ch m 2.26^ 

Lilly Shields, ch m. by King's Cadmus ._ 2.29$ 

Littl e Frank , b g 2 30 

Little Fred, b g, by Dirigo 2.26f 

Little Fred, b g, by Eastman Morgan 2. 20 

Little Gem, ch g, by Henry B, Patchen 2. 29$ 

Little Gypsy, b m. by Shawan's Tom Hal 2.22 

Little Jake (Erastus). rn g 2.30 

Little Longfellow, ch g, by Flying Morgan . 2.29^ 

Little Mac, b s, by < 'olumbus ~ 2.28$ 

Littte Mary, ch m, bv Billy Mustapha 2.24 

*Little Miss, b m, by Goldsmith's Abdallah 2.26i 

Little Sam, ch g. by Marshall Chief 2.29 

Little Soux, b g, by Monitor 2.22| 

Little Wonder, ch s. 5 yrs, by Blue Bull 2.30 

Little Wonder, b s, by Tom Wonder 2.30 

*Lizzie. rn m _..___ __ 2.30 

Lizzie II, b m, by Trouble 2.23$ 

Lizzie Keller (Emma E.), br m, by Tom Moore 2.30 

Lizzie M. , br m, by Thomas Jefferson 2.27£ 

*Lizzie O'Brien, ch m 2.23$ 

Loafer, rn g, by Copperbottom 2.24$ 

Logan . ch s, by Wadleigh's Logan 2. 28 

Lola, rn m 2.30 

*Lona Griffin, b m, by Blue Bull 2.23$ 

London, cb g, 5 yrs, by Mambrino Patchen 2.28| 

^Longfellow Whip, blk s 2.23£ 

Lothair, blk s, by Gilbert Knox 2.29$ 

Lottery, gr g, by Bysdyk's Hambletonian 2.27 

Lottie, b m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.28 

Lottie K., b m, by American Emperor Jr 2.27 

Louis D, b g, by King William . 2.24f 

Louise, b m, by'Volunteer 2.29£ 

*Louise N., b m, by Alpine _ . . : 2.20$ 

Lou Whipple, b m, by Whipple's Hambletonian 2.26f 

Lucca, b m, by DeLong's Ethan Allen 2. 30 

*Lucilla, bf, 3 yrs, by Nephew 2.28^ 

Lucille, b m, by Exchequer 2.21 

Lucille Golddust, b m, by Golddust 2.16 

Lucrece, b m, by Robert Whaley 2.23 

Lucy, b m, by George M. Patchen 2.18J 



122 TROTTERS. 

Lucy, b m, by Felter's Hambletonian 2.26| 

Lucy, blk m, by Royal Revenge 2.20i 

Lucy C, cli m, by Hotspur 2.30 

Lucy Fleming, cb m, by Peavine 2.24 

Lula, b m , by Alexander's Isforman 2. 15 

LuluF, bm, by Ericsson 2.29 

Lumps, br s, by George Wilkes 2.21 

Lydia Thompson, b m. by Wild Wagoner 2.26£ 

Lyman, dn g, by Bay Chief. _ _ 2 251 

Lysander Boy, ch g, by Lysander 2.20f 

Mack, br g, by Morgan Ca3sar 2.28 

McCurdy's Hambletonian, b s, 5 yrs, by Harold 2.261 

McLeod, b g. 4 yrs, by Hernphilf's Patchen ... 2.251 

Madawaska Mafd. ch'm 2.291 

♦Madeline, b m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.23£ 

Magdallah, ch m, by Primus 2.24 

Magenta, b m, by Woodford Marabrino _ 2.241 

Maggie Briggs, b m, by American Clay,. 2.27 

Maggie C , b m, by Whipple's Hambletonian 2.25 

Maggie F., b m, 5 yrs, by Menelaus 2.27 

■*Maggie H , gr m 2.29| 

Maggie M.. blk m. by Patrick Henry ' 2.271 

*Masjgie Morrell, ch'm, by Charley B 2.29£ 

Maggb- S.. blk m 2.26^ 

*Magic, blk g, by Jim Fisk, son of Benedict's Morrell. __ 2.25£ 

Magnolia, gr g, by MagLolia 2.26£ 

Maid of Monte, b m, by Benedict's Comet— __. 2.28 

*Majolica, b g, by Startler 2.17 

Major Allen (Locust), ch g, by Frank Allen.. 2.24£ 

Major Edsall, b s, by Alexander's Abdallah 2.29 

Major King, ch g, by Careless 2.30 

Major Lord, dn g, by Edward Everett 2 23f 

Major Root, br g 2.27 

Ma'jorS, b g, ... 2 29 

Mallory , W. M. , gr g, by Orange County . _ 2 30 

*Malvina, b m, by Fearnauffht Spy.. . . 2.24£ 

Mambrino Boy, blk s, by Mambrino Patchen. 2.26| 

Mambrino Diamond, blk s, by Marabrino Patchen 2.30 

Mambrino Dudley, b s, by Woodford Mambrino 2,22 

Mambrino General, b g, by Fisk's Mambrino Chief 2.251 

Mambrino George, br s, by Fisk's Mambrino Chief 2 231 

*Mambrino George, b s, by Fisk's Mambrino Chief 2.30 

Mambrino Gift, cu s, by Mambrino Pilot 2.20 

Mambrino Kate, gr m, by Mambrino Patchen 2 24 

*Mambrino Southam, blk s, by Mambrino Gift 2.26£ 

*Mambrino Sparkle, b m, 5 yrs, by Fisk's Mambrino Chief 2.291 

Mambrino Star, b s, by Mambrino Chief 2.281 

Mamie, b m, 5 yrs, by Blue Bull 2.211 



TROTTERS. 123 

*Mamie M. , b m, 5 y rs, by Crittenden 2.25 

*Manon, b m, 5 yrs, by Nutwood . 2.22£ 

Marguerite, b m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.29 

Marion, ch g, bv Jamison's Tom Crowder 2.23£ 

^Marion, ch g, by Harold (?) 2.29 

MarionH.,bm 2.30 

Mars, ch s, by Gen. Sherman 2.21£ 

Martha, b m, by Prospect 2.30 

Martha Washington, ch m, by Young Blucher 2.22£ 

Marvel, b g, by Messenger Chief 2.28 

Mary, b m, by Geo. M. Patchen.. 2.28 

Mary Davis, b m. by Werner's Rattler 2.28^ 

Mary Russell, wh m, by Joe Brown 2.23| 

Mary A. Whitney, b m, by Volunteer 2.28 

Matthew Smith, bg 2.26£ 

Mattie. b m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.22-1 

Mattie Giaham, b m, by Harold 2.21J 

*Mattie H., gr m, by Blue Bull 2.29i 

Mattie Lyle, br m, by Young Morrill 2.28 

Matt Kirkwood, b g, by Sam Kirkwood 2.30 

Maud, b m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.29| 

Maud Macey, ch m, 5 yrs, by Joe Hooker.. 2.27§ 

*Maud Messenger, b m, by Messenger Chief ... 2.20 

Maud S., ch m, by Harold 2.10^ 

MaudT., bm, by Allie Gaines -- 2.26 

*Maxey Cobb, b s, by Happy Medium 2.20A 

May, ch m, by Young Moscow 2.27 

May Bird, blk m, by George Wilkes _. 2.21 

*May Bird, b m, by Jimmie 2.26^ 

May Day, b m, by Ballard's C. M Clay 2.30 

*May H , b m, by Chicago Volunteer 2 26| 

May Howard, gr m, by Capt Hanf ord 2. 24 

May Morning, b m, by D.miel Lambert 2 30 

May Queen, b m, by May Day 2.26 

May Queen (Nashville Girl), b m. by Alexander's Norman 2.20 

May 1 home, b m, by Thornedale 2.24| 

Mazomanie, ch g, by General Morgan 2.20^ 

*McClure, blk g, by Messenger Duroc 2.30 

*Mc\lahon, br s, by Administrator 2 27 

*Meander, b s, 4 yrs, by Belmont 2.30 

Medoc, gr g 2.28£ 

Messenger Knox, gr s, by Gen. Knox . . 2.30 

Metropolis, br g.'. .2.30 

Middlesex, ch g, by Seneca Chief 2.24 

Midge, bm, by Wilkie Collins..., 2.27| 

Midnight, blk g, by Peacemaker 2. 18£ 

Mignon, bm, by Sentinel 2 27£ 

Mike, br s, by Beecher 2.281 



124 TROTTERS. 

*Mike, br g, by Beecher 2.30 

Mike Jefferson, cb g, by Thomas Jefferson 2.29£ 

Mila C. (Mila Caldwell), ch m, by Blue Bull.. ._ 2.26| 

Mill Boy. br g, by Jay Gould 2.26 

Miller's Damsel, cbm, by Jackson _ 2.28£ 

*Milo. b s. by Milwaukee _ 2.26 

Milton Medium, b s, by Happy Medium 2.25J- 

*Minnie D , b m, by Alexander 2.30 

Minnie Maxfield, b m, by Charley 2.28± 

Minnie R , b m, by J. C. Breckinridge. 2.21£ 

Minnie Warren, en m, by Vankirk's Night Hawk 2.27£ 

Mistletoe, blk m, by Mambrino Patchen 2.30 

Molesty, b m, by torn Wonder 2.26| 

Modoc, ch g, by Ely's Tornado 2.25 

Modoc, grg.-_ 2.25 

*Modoc, ch g, by Aberdeen . 2.19^ 

Mohawk Chief, ch s, by Hall's Mohawk Jr __ 2.30 

*Mohawk Gift, ch s, by Hall's Mchawk 2.29i 

Mohawk Jr. (Clark's), b s, by Mohawk 2.25 

Mohawk Jr. (Hall's), b s, by Mohawk 2.26 

Mohawk Prince, b g, by The Commodore 2.28 

*Mollie B, br m, by Duke of Saratoga 2.30 

*Mollie Middleton, b m, by Bay Middleton 2.29J 

Molly, b m, by Dolphus 2.27J 

Molly, chm ... 2.27£ 

Molly, b m, by Magna Charta... 2.27 

Molly Bell, br m, by Consternation 2.30 

Molly Drew, ch m, by Winthrop. .. 2.27 

Molly Kistler, b m, 5 yrs, by Blue Bull 2.27£ 

Molly Morris, chm... 2.22 

Molsey, b m, by Whiteside's Black Hawk 2.21f 

Monarch, b g, by Woodburn 2.28f 

Monarch Jr, rn s, byStrawn's Monarch.. 2.24J 

Monarch Rule, b m, by Strawn's Monarch 2.24} 

Monitor, gr g, 5 yrs, by Strathmore _ 2.29} 

Monroe, ch s, by Miller's Iron Duke 2.27J 

Monroe Chief, b s, by Jim Monroe 2. 18^ 

Monroe D , b s, by Jim Monroe.. 2.28f 

Montreal Girl, b m, by Tiger... 2.30 

Moose, b g, by Washburn Horse 2.19* 

Morning, gr m, by Mambrino Pilot . 2.30 

^Morocco, b g, by James R. Reese... ... 2.30 

Morrill, J. G., ch g, by Winthrop Morrill 2.29 

Morris, br g, by Sherman Horse 2.29 

Morris, J. P , br g. by Robert R. Morris 2.20£ 

Morrissey, ch g, by Black Wairior. 2.26* 

Moscow, bg 2.30 

Moscow, blk g_... 2.28f 



TROTTERS. 125 

Motion, c*h s, bv Daniel Lambert 2.29 

Mou otain Boy , *b g, by Ed v\ ard E verett 2 20f 

Mountain Girl, b ni, by Wei^e.. - 2.80 

Mountain Maid, b m, by .VI orrill . . - - 2.271 

Mountain Quail, b m, by Widgeon 2.28 

M. R, bg, by Jupiter :". 2 28 

Musette, b m, by Almont 2. 29£ 

Music, b m . 2.29£ 

Music, ch m, by Middletown 2.21-g 

Myron Perry, b g, by Young Cfllumbus 2.24£ 

Myrtle, b m, by King's Champion 2.25£ 

Myrtle, rn m, by Flying Cloud 2.26i 

*Mystery, b g, by Magic 2.24J 

Mystic, b g, by Reliance .. 2.22 

Nabocklish, br g, by Rising bun 2.29^ 

Naiad Queen, b m, by Gooding's Champion 2.20^ 

Nancy, ch m, by Daniel Lambert 2.22| 

Nancy Hackett' rn m, by Wood's Hambletonian.. _. 2.20 

Nannie Talbot, ch m, 5 yrs, by Stratnmore 2.28 

Natchez, bg. 2.30 

Ned Forrest, blk g, by King's Brandy wine 2.28£ 

Ned Wallace, b s, by Taggart's Abdallah 2.25 

Neli, b m, by Thomas Jefferson 2.27 

Nelia, b m, by Camden Denmark 2.26 

Nell, blk m..' .- 2.29£ 

'Nellie Burns, b m, bj^ Milliman's Bellfounder 2.27£ 



Neliy, b m, by Green's Hambletonian 2.30 

Nelly G, bm 2.30 

Nelly Holcomb, gr m, by American 2.28 

Nelly Irwin, b m, by Middletown 2.25 

Nelly K., blk m, by Mambrino Templar ... 2.29 

Neily Patchen , b m, by Alexander 2. 27£ 

Nelly Rose, b m, by Henry B. Patchen 2.30 

Nelly Walton, b m, by Juies Jurgensen 2.26£ 

Nelly Webster, br m, by American Ethan 2.28f 

Nemo, b g, by John Nelson 2.30 

Neome, br g, by Post Boy Frank 2.24 

Nerea, ch m, by John Nelson 2. 23^ 

Neta Medium, b m, by Happy Medium .. 2.22f 

Nettie, b m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2. 18 

Nettie Burlew* b m, by King's Champion 2.24 

*Nettie R,, ch m, by Gen McClellan, Jr.. 2.19^ 

Nettie Ward, ch m,^ by Peavine 2.29£ 

*Neva, b m, Straler's Hambletonian. 2.23| 

New Berlin Girl, ch in.. 2.29| 

Newbrook, blk g, by Wilson's Henry Clay 2.30 

Newburg, b g, by Seely's American fcitarr. 2.30 



126 TROTTERS. 

Nick, blkg... .- *.. 2.29f 

*Nickle, bg, by Oak Hill-,. 2.21 

Nigger Baby, blkg, by Yankee Bill... ,.. 2.27£ 

Miglitingale, b m, by Ericsson 2.29f 

Nil Desperandum, b a, by Belmont-. - 2.24 

Nino, b g 2. 27 

Nira Belle, b m, by son of Ethan Alien 2.29 

*Nobby, Jr., b g, by Nobby, by Ganard Chief 2.25J 

Nonesuch, ch m, by Daniel Lambert -. .. 2.25| 

Noontide, gr m, by Harold 2.20| 

*Nora Temple, b m, by Belmont 2.29£ 

North Star Mambrino, b s, by Mambrino Chief 2.26i 

Novelty , ch m, by Gooding's Champion 2.2§| 

Nutwood, ch s, by Belmont... 2. 18f 

Oakland Maid, gr m, by Speculation 2.22 

O'Blenuis, b g, by Abdallah 2.27f 

Observer, ch g, by Revenge 2.24£ 

Occident, b g by D;c 1... 2.16£ 

Oceana Chief, ch s, by Aldrich Colt 2.23 

Ohio Boy (IL nry Chase), bg _ 2.27f 

Old Put, br s, by Clarion 2.30 

Onawa, blk s, by Goodwin's Hambletonian 2.22| 

Onward, blk s, by George Wilkes... 2.25J 

Orange Blossom, b s, by MiddletowD 2.26£ 

Orange Girl, b m, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian. 2. 20 

Orient, b g, by Smith's Mambrino Pate hen 2.24 

Orient, ch m. 4 yrs, by Cuyler 2.30 

Oscar, br g, by Reserve 2.30 

*Ossian Pet, b g, by St. Lawrence. 2.29£ 

*Ottawa Chief, b s, 5 yrs, by Byron 2.25 

^Overman, ch g, by Elmo 2.19 

Palma, ch g, by Matchless 2.22^ 

*Pancoast, b s, by Woodford Mambrino 2.25} 

Panic (Frank Vernon), b g, by Sherman Black Hawk 2.28 

Parana, b m, by Mambrino Hambletonian 2,19£ 

Parkis Abdallah (Dauntless), b h, by Taggart's Abdallah.. 2.26£ 

Parole, b g, by Prince Fearnaught 2.26£ 

Parrott, b g, by Vermont 2.26 

Patch, b g. by Detective Patchen 2.29£ 

Patchen (Orwell Boy), eg 2 .18f 

*Pathfinder, Jr , br s, by Pathfinder 2.30 

Pat Hunt, ch g, by Tecumseh. 2.25 

Pat McCann, blk g, by Sir George 2.28f 

Pat Ring, bg... 2.28 

Peaceful, blk m, by Gen. Knox. 2.26 

Pearl, b m, by Gentle Breeze... 2.30 

Pedro, gr g, by Rooney's Hambletonian 2.25^ 

Pelham, bg 2.28 



TROTTERS. 127 

Pemberton, b g, by Fearnaught, Jr 2 29£ 

Penelope, blue m, by Young Kemble Jackson 2.27 

Peralto, ch g, by H;imbletonian Priuce 2. 26£ 

Pete, bg 2.28 

*Phallas, bs, by Dictator 2.15£ 

Pbil,bg._. 2.23± 

Phil Dougherty, cb g, by Frank Pierce Jr 2.26 

PhilDwyer, b g, by Island Chief 2.29± 

Phil Sheridan, wh g, by Swanborougb's Creeper 2.26i 

Phil Sheridan, br s. by Young Columbus. _. 2.26£ 

*Phil Sheridan Jr, blk s, by Phil Sheridan 2.29£ 

Phil Thompson, grg, 3yis, by Red Wilkes 2.2 L 

*Phyllis, bm, by Phil Sheridan 2.17^ 

Pickard, b g, byAbdallah Pilot... 2.18^ 

Pickwick, br g, by Backman's Idol 2.29£ 

Piedmont, ch s, by Almont 2.17J 

Pilot, blk g, by Pilot Jr... ^ ._ 2.28f 

Pilot Boy, b g, by Kilmore. 2.2?| 

Pilot, G. T., dn g 2.24 

*Pilot Knox, br s. by Black Pilot 2 24£ 

Pilot R, bg, by Black Knight.... 2.21^ 

Pilot Temple, b s, by Pilot J r 2.24£ 

Planter, ch g, by Red Bird 2.24| 

Pluck, blk g 2.29i 

Pocahontas, b m, by Ethan Allen. 2 26f 

Pochuck Maid, bm _•_ _ 2.30 

Point Breeze, b g 2.28£ 

*Poika Dot, ch m, 5 yrs, by Pocahontas B >y 2.28 

Pompey, ch g __ 2.29 

Portia, ch m, by Startle 2.29£ 

*Poscora Hay ward, gr s, by Billy Hay ward 2.23£ 

Post Boy, ch s, by Magic 2.23£ 

Potter, T. J., gr g. 2.29£ 

Powers, br g, by Volunteer 2.2L 

Pratt, br g, by Strideaway 2.28 

Preston, dn g, by George Washington _ 2.28£ 

Prince (Harti'.rd), by L. 1. Black Hawk 2.24£ 

Prince, ch g, by Jupiter Abdallah 2 27 

Prince, rn or sp g 2.27f 

*Prince, b g .. 2.23 

*Priuce, blk g, by Royal Reverge 2.23 

Prince Allen, ch s, by Honest Allen 2.26f 

Prince Allen, b g, by Woodward's Ethan Allen 2.27 

Prince Arthur, b g, by Western Fearnaught 2.27| 

Prince Arthur, b g, by Volunteer 2.<:9 

Prince Charles, chg 2.30 

Princess, b m, by Andrus' Hambletonian 2.30 

Princess, blk m, by Dictator 2.29| 



128 TROTTERS. 

Princton Boy, ch g. by Vermont Boy 2. 28 

Proclor, blk g, by Harris' Mambrino Chief Jr 2.23 

Professor, b g 2.27f 

Prospect Maid, b m, by George Wilkes 2. 23£ 

Prospero , blk g, by Messenger Duroc 2 30 

Proteine, br m. bv Blackwood.. 2.18 

Purity, ch m, by Blue Bull 2.30 

Quaker Boy, b g 2.28£ 

Queechee Maid, br m, by Ballard's C. M. Clay Jr 2.25 

Queen of the West, gr m, by Pilot Jr 2.26£ 

Rachel, b m, by Woodford Mambrino 2.26f 

Rachel B, blk m, by Allie West .«. 2.281 

Randall, ch g, by Chauncey Goodrich 2 24£ 

Rarus, b g, by Conklin's Abdallah 2.13£ 

Rattler, dn g ._:___ 2.28 J 

Ray Gould, b m, by Jay Gould 2.29* 

Red Bird, b g, by Chenery\s Grey Eagle 2.27£ 

Red Bird. bg... 2.30 

Red Cloud, b g, by Legal Tender 2.18 

Red Cross, ch s, by Brigand 2.29| 

Red Cross, b g, by Vankirk's Night Hawk 2.2l| 

Red Dick, ch g, bv Gen. Morgan 2.28 

Red Jim, b g. 3 yrs, by Abdallah Pilot 2.30 

Red Line, bg 2.25£ 

Reindeer, blk g 2.29 

Reliance, blk s, by Alexander 2.22£ 

Resolute, b g, by Swigert . 2.27£ 

Result, b s, by Jupiter Abdallah 2.25 

Reveille, br s, by New York ; 2.27£ 

Rex Patchen, br s, by Godfrey's Patched 2.30 

Rhode Island, br s, by Whitehall 2.23£ 

Richard, ch g, by Blue Bull 2.21 

Richmond, blk g, by Gen. Lyon 2.26 

Richwood, bg 2.27 

Rienzi, b g, by Erie Abdallah 2.25± 

* Rifleman, b g, by the Pratt Horse, son of Rexford's Black 

Hawk 2.29£ 

Rigolette. b m, by Exchequer 2.29f 

Riley, b g, by Enoch 2.30 

Ripon (Tete Matthews), br s, by Ira Allen 2.25 - 

Rip Rap, br g, by Mambrino Brave 2.28£ 

Ripton, b g, by American Boy 2.29£ 

Rival, gr s, by Whiteside's Black Hawk 2.30 

Roanoke Maid, b m 2.30 

Robert H., bg 1 2.29£ 

Robert Lee, blk g, by Ridley Horse 2.23 

*Robert McGregor, ch s, by Major Edsall 2.17£ 

Robert B. Thomas, ch g, by Prince Allen 2. 25 



TROTTERS. 129 

*Robin,grg, by Enfield - 2.26£ 

Rockingham, gr g 2.25£ 

Rockton, b g, by Highland Beauty 2.25^ 

Roger Hanson, gr s, by Alta 2.28J 

Roland, b s, by Crown Chief 2.28 

*Rolla, ch g, by Shelby Chief -__ 2.27£ 

Rolla Golddust, br g, by Golddust -- 2.25 

Romance, blk m, 4 yrs, by Princeps 2.29^ 

Romeo, b s, by Menelaus 2.29£ 

Romero, gr s, 5 yrs, by A. W. Richmond 2.19^ 

Rosalind, b m, by Alexander's Abdallah 2.21f 

Rosalind, grm 2.29± 

Rosa Wilkes, b m, by George Wilkes 2.18^ 

Rose Medium, b m, by Happy Medium 2.26£ 

Rose Standish (Maud O.), b m, by Corbeau 2.29 

Rose of Washington, grm, by Green's Bashaw 2.21f 

Rosewood, br m, by Blackwood 2.27 

*Rosewood, b s, by Creole 2.28i 

Ross, sptd g 2.29| 

Royal George, gr g, by Black Eagle - 2.26J 

Royal John, gr g, by Woodstock 2.26^- 

R. P., bg, by Happy Medium _. 2.22£ 

Rufus, br g, by Bacon's Ethan Allen 2.29 

Russell, gr g, by Blue Bull 2.26 

Russ Ellis, b£, by Bacon's Ethan Allen 2.27± 

Russian Spy, bg... 2.26} 

Rustic, gr s, by Whipple's Hambletonian 2. 30 

Rutledge, b g, by Conqueror 2.30 

Sadie Belle, ch m, by Odin Bell 2.24 

Sadie H., b m, by Williams' St. Lawrence _ 2.30 

Sadie Howe, b m, by Mambrunello 2.26 

St. Charles, sp g, by Grey Eagle 2.26 

St. Cloud, b s, by Conklin's American Star 2.28 

St. Elmo, grg, by Brown Harry... 2.29± 

St. Elmo, br s, by Alexander's Abdallah 2.30 

St. Gothard, b s, by George Wiikes 2.29 

St. Helena, b m, by Gen. McClellan 2.27i 

St. James, b g, by Gooding's Champion 2.23£ 

St. Julien, b g, by Volunteer 2. Hi 

St. Louis, b g, by Colossus Mambrino... 2.25 

St. Remo, br g, by Volunteer 2 28£ 

*Sally Benton, gr f, 3 yrs, by Gen. Benton 2.30 

Sally Scott, b m, by Magna Charta 2.28£ 

Sam Bruno, b g, by George M. Patchen, Jr__. 2.25^ 

Sam Curtis, b g, by Winthrop Morrill 2.28 

Sam Purdy, b s, by George M. Patchen, Jr 2.20^ 

Sam West, bg, by Davy Crocket .- 2.29 

Sannie G., gr m, by Almont.. 2.27 



130 TROTTERS. 

Santa Claus, b s, by Strathmore _ 2.17$ 

*Saturn, b s, by Satellite 2.22 

*Scandinavian, b g, by Vermont Black Hawk, Jr... 2.27 

*Schuyball, b g, by Gooding's Champion 2.26$ 

Schuyler, b s, 5 yrs, by Seneca Chief 2.26 

Sciola, b m, by Hanshaw Horse _ 2.23| 

Sciota Belle, br m ._ 2.28 

Scotland, blk g, by Bonnie Scotland 2.22$ 

Scotland Maid (George M.), b m, by Hambletoman 2.28$ 

Scott's Chief, b g, by son of Edwin Forrest 2.23 

Scott's Thomas, b s, by Gen. George H. Thomas 2.21 

Sea Foam, gr m, by Young Columbus 2.24$ 

Selkirk, br s 2.29$ 

Sensation, b g, by Dixon's Ethan Allen 2.22± 

Sentinel, b s, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.29§ 

Shadow (Ayer), b g, by Gen. Lightfoot 2.28 

Shakespeare, b s, by Honest Allen 2.30 

Shamrock, gr g, by Sampson 2.28 

Shepherd Boy, gr g, by Woodward's Ethan Allen. 2.23$ 

Shepherd Knapp, Jr , by Shepherd F. Knapp 2.27f 

Sheridan, b g, by Edward Everett 2.20J 

*Sherman, br s, by George Wilkes 2.23$ 

Sherman Morgan, Jr., b s, by Sherman Morgan 2.29 

Silas Rich, ch g, by Young Priam ._ 2.24| 

*Silas Wright, b s, by DeGraif's Alexander. 2.28$ 

Silky B., cb g, by Ely's Tornado, Jr 2.30 

Silver... , 2.30 

Silver Duke, gr s, by Iron Duke 2.28f 

Silversides, gr g, by Scott's Hiatoga.... 2.22 

Silverton, b g, by Blue Bull_ 2.20£ 

Simon, ch g, by son of Ethan Allen 2.80 

Sinbad, bg 2.29f 

Sir Guy, bg, 4 yrs, by The Moor 2,28} 

Sir Walter, b g, by Abdallah 2.27 

Sir Walter, ch s, by Aberdeen 2.25$ 

Sir William Wallace, b s, by Robinson Horse. 2.27$ 

Sisson Girl, blk m, by McCracken's Black Hawk 2.28} 

Sister, b f, 4 yrs, by Admiral _ 2.29£ 

Skinkle's Hambletonian, b s, by Gage's Logan 2.28f 

Sleepy Bill, br g 2.26 

Sleepy George, ch g 2.29 

*SleepyJoe, br g, by Joe Thompson 2.19£ 

Sleepy John, bg 2.24} 

Sleepy Tom, b g, by Blazing Star 2.28} 

Sligo, bg, by Honest Dan 2.30 

Blow Go, rn g, by Sharatack, Jr 2.18$ 

Small Hopes, b g, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian 2.26$ 

*Smith O'Brien, b s, by Sweepstakes 2.29| 



TROTTERS. 131 

Smuggler, br s, by Blanco 2.15£ 

*Smuggler's Daughter, b m, 5 yrs, by Smuggler 2.29£ 

Snow Ball, wh g._ - 2.27£ 

Socrates, rn g, by Socrates ._ 2.27} 

Solo, b m, 5 yrs, by Strathmore _ 2.28§ 

Sooner, b g, by Hambletonian Rattler. _ 2.24 

Sophia Temple, br m, by Rattler 2.27 

Sorrel Dapper (Auburn Horse), ch g, by King's Champion 2.28i 

So-So, b m, by George Wilkes _ 2.17£ 

Spider, rng... 2.30 

Spinella, br m, by Louis Napoleon. 2. 30 

Spotted Colt, sp g _.225| 

*Spudress, b m, by King Phillip.. 2.25± 

Star, b g, by Aberdeen _ 2.25| 

Star, ch g, by Conkling's American Star 2.30 

Star of the West, blk s, by Jackson's Flying Cloud _ 2.26£ 

Startle, blk s, by Andrews' Horse _ 2.26| 

Starr King, dn s, by George M. Patchen, Jr 2.22 

Steinway, b c, 3 yrs, by Strathmore _ 2.25f 

Stella Blake, br m, by Pequawket _ 2.25£ 

Stella C, bm, by Aberdeen 2,27£ 

Stephanus, b s, by Bajardo... 2.28£ 

*Stephen G., b g by Knickerbocker „ 2.23£ 

Stephen M., b g 2.29 

Steve Maxwell, gr g, by Ole Bull, Jr. . _ ... 2.21£ 

Stewart Maloney, b g, by Charles E. Loew 2.27 

Stonewall, ch g, by Frank Pierce III . „ 2. 24| 

♦Stormer, b s, by Surprise 2.29| 

Stranger, gr g, by Eaton Horse _ 2. 30 

Stranger, bg 2.30 

^Stranger, ch g, by Alta 2.25 

^Stranger, b g, by Mambrino Hambletonian. 2.22f 

Stranger, gr g, by Selim 2.28 

*Strathlau, br s, by Strathmore 2.29£ 

Strathmore, b g. _ 2.30 

Strideaway, br g 2.28| 

Strong, H. ML, ch g, by Bay Middleton 2.25| 

Sucker Maid, wh m, by Robinson's Rockaway 2.29J 

Sue Grundy, br m, by Getaway 2.25£ 

Sunbeam, bm 2.30 

Sunnyside, blk m 2.30 

Sunshine, ch s, by Curtis' Hambletonian __ 2.30 

Surprise, gr g, by Sayre's Harry Clay _ 2.26 

Susie, ch m, by Hampshire Boy 2.21 

Susie, ch m, by George M. Patchen, Jr _ 2.26£ 

Susie Parker (Ellen), b m, by Henry B. Patchen 2.25$ 

Sussex, blk g, by Dunn's Star 2.30 

Sweetbrier, gr m, by Eugene Casserly 2.26| 



132 TROTTERS. 

Sweetheart, br m, 3 yrs, by Sultan ._ _ _ 2. 23£ 

Sweet Home, ch m, 5 yrs, by Milliman's Bellfounder 2.30 

Sweetness, b m, by Volunteer 2.2l£ 

T. A,bg, by Sentinel 2.26 

Tackey (Polly) gr m, by Pilot, Jr 2.26 

Tacony, rn g, by Sportsman 2 27 

Tamarack, gr g, by Jim H .wkins 2.28£ 

Tanner Boy, gr g, by Edward Everett.. _ ._ 2.22£ 

Tariff, b s, by Clarion Chief.-. 2.20| 

Tartar, b g, by Royal George 2.28} 

Tattler, b s, by Pilot Jr 2.26 

Taylor, rn g, by Johnny B 2.26| 

Taylor, W. H., ch g, by Crawford Horse... 2.29£ 

*Tecumseh, ch s, by Mambrino Gift 2.29| 

Tennessee (Dora Thayer) br m, by Commodore _ 2.27 

*TheKing, blk s, by George Wilkes 2.29£ 

Thomas, J. B., b s, by Sterling... _ _ 2.18f 

Thomas, J. W , ch g, by Scott's Thomas 2.27£ 

Thomas, W. K., gr g, by Osceola 2.26 

Thomas Jefferson, blk s, by Toronto Chief _ 2.23 

Thomas L. Young, ch g, by Well's Yellow Jacket 2.19£ 

Thornedale, b s, by Alexander's Abdallah 2.22£ 

Ticonic, b g, by Milwaukee.. 2.27£ 

Tilton Almont, b s, by Almont.. 2.26 

Timothy, b g, by Young Hindoo.. 2.26£ 

Tola.grm 1 2.29£ 

Tolu Maid (Neltie C), br m, by son of Red Bird 2.23^ 

Tom B. Patchen, br s, by Churchill Horse - 2.27i 

Tom Britton, b g, by Mambrunello 2. 26 

Tom Brown, ch g, by Adam's Bald Chief.. 2.27| 

Tom Hendricks, gr g, by Tom Hunter 2.30 

Tom Hendricks, b g, by Tom Rolf 2.25 

Tom Keeler, b g, by Jersey Star.. 2.25 

Tom Malloy, blk g. by Phil Sheridan 2.27 

Tom Medley, b g.'.. - 2.27f 

Tom Moore, b s, by Jupiter Abdallah 2.28 

Tommy Dodd, rn g, by Alexander.. 2.24 

Tommy Gates, br g, by The Moor 2.24 

Tommy Norwood, b g, by Norwood. 2.26| 

Tom Rogers, blk s, by George Wilkes.. 2.23£ 

Tom Walter, ch g, by Grey Messenger. 2.29 

Tom Wonder, br g 2.27 

*Tony Newell, b g, by Clark Chief 2.19£ 

Topsy, br m, 5 yrs, by Skinkle's Hambletonian 2.30 

Topsy, brm, by Walkill Chief 2.21f 

Toronto Chief Jr, br s, by Toronto Chief 2 26£ 

^Toronto Maid, blk m, by Captain 2.30 

Trampoline, ch m, by Tramp 2.23£ 



TROTTERS. 133 

Traveler (Grit), ch g, by Flying Morgan _ 2 27 

Tremont, bs, by Belmont 2.28 

Trinket, b m, by Princeps . 2.14 

Trio, b m, by Volunteer 2.23£ 

Troubadour, blk g, by Kevenge . 2.19£ 

*Troublesome, br m, by Messenger Duroc 2.29^ 

*Tucker, ch g, by Strathmore 2.19^ 

Tump Winston, ch g, by Primus... 2 % 25£ 

Twang (John A. Logan), b g, by Hanley's Hiatoga 2.281 

Twilight, gr m, by Washington Jackson _ 2.27 

Una, b m, by Almont ._ 2.29| 

Uncle Dave, spt g, by Mott's Independent 2.261 

Unknown, chg 2.23 

Unolala, b m, by Volunteer 2.22£ 

Upand-Up, bg 2.28 

*Urbana Belle, br m, by J. H. Welch 2.29£ 

Valliant, b s, by Enchanter 2.28^ 

Valley Boy, b g, by Aberdeen 2 24! 

Valley Chief, gr s, by Phil Sheridan 2.25 

Vanderlynn, b s, by George M. Patchen, Jr 2.22 

Vanity Fair, br g, by Albion.. 2.24J 

Venture, ch s, by Belmont 2.27£ 

Versailles Girl, b m, by Swift's Stephen A. Douglass 2.28| 

Victor, blk s, by Gen. Knox 2 23 

Victor, br s 2.29J 

Village Girl, ch m, by son of L. I. Black Hawk 2.28 

Viola (Hattie), br m, by Morgan Prince 2.28 

Vivandiere, br m, by Sentinel 2.26i 

Vivid C, bg, by Schuyler Colfax 2.28£ 

*Vision, b m, by Edsall's Clay 2.26£ 

*Vladimer, ch g, by Woodburn Pilot 2.28f 

Volney, b g, bv Volunteer 2 23 

Voltaire, br s, by Tattler 2.21 

Volunteer, br s, by Gen. Dana. _ 2.27 

Volunteer Maid, b m, by Volunteer _ 2 27 

Von Arnim, b s, by Sentinel 2.19^ 

Vulcan, blk g, by Green Mountain Banner ___ 2.25 

Wagner's Bashaw, b s, by Green's Bashaw. 2.25£ 

Waiting, b £, 4 yrs, by Lexington Chief Jr 2.25f 

*Wallace, b g, by Whalebone Knox 2.29| 

Walnut, b s, bv Florida 2 22^ 

Walter, chg./. 2.29£ 

Warrior, br g, by Indian Chief 2.26 

Warwick, b s, by Ethan Allen 2 29|- 

Webber, br g, by Como Chief _ 2 28 

Wedge wood, br s, by Belmont 2.19 

Wellesley Boy, br g, by Godfrey's Patchen 2.26£ 

Western, b g, by Swift's S. A. Douglass 2.30 

* Western, ch g, by Tramp Dexter 2 25£ 



134 TROTIERS. 

Western Boy (John Fero), b g 2.27* 

Western New York, b g, by Nonpareil 2.29 

Westfield, ch g, by Whipple's Hambletonian 2.26* 

West Liberty, ch g, by Wapsie 2.28 

*Westmont, b s, 5 yrs, by Colonel West 2.27* 

Whalebone, bg 2.29 

*Whirlwind, b g, by Whirlwind 2.27* 

White Cloud, wh g, by Joe Brown _ 2.25f 

White Line, gr s 2.30 

White Stockings, b g, by son of Commerce 2.21 

Wick, b g, by Justin Morgan. _ 2.30 

Widow Machree, ch m. by Seely's American Star 2.29 

Wilbur F., blk g, by Hinsdale Horse.. 2.24* 

Wildair, b g, by Sherman Morgan, Jr... _ 2.23 

Wildflower, b f, 2 yrs, by Electioneer _. 2.21 

Wild Lily, b m, by Daniel Lambert _ 2.24 

Wild Oats, br g, by Green's Bashaw 2.29* 

Wildwood, br s, by Blackwood 2. 30 

*Will Benham, b g, by Whip Clay.. 2.24f 

Will Cody, bg, by Blue Bull 2.19* 

William H., b g, by Sampson _ 2.29 

William H, b g, by Young Wilkes 2.18* 

* Willis Woods, b g, by Rescue 2.25 

* Wilson, b g, by George Wilkes. 2.16* 

*Winnie Wick, blk m, by Swigert _._ 2.26| 

Winthrop Morrill, Jr., blk s, by Metacomet. 2.27 

Wizz. b g, by Roscoe _ _ 2.23* 

Woodchuck, b s, by Fisk's Mambrino Chief 2.30 

Woodford Chief, b s, 5 yrs, by Clark Chief 2.22* 

Woodford Z. , b g, by Capt, Beaumont 2.22 

*Woodlake, b g, by Darlbay 2.27* 

Wolford Mambrino, br s, by Mambrino Chief 2.21* 

Wooley, C W., b g, by Crazy Nick. 2.22* 

Yankee Sam, b g ._ 2.27 

Yellow Dock (Mohawk Chief), ch in, by Clark's Mohawk. 2.20f 

York State, b g, by Gooding's Champion 2.23* 

Young, J. &, bg, 2.29| 

Young Bruno, br g, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian. 2.22| 

Young Buchanan, b s, by Buchanan II 2.29* 

Young Columbus, b g, by Young Columbus _ 2.30 

*Young Fullerton, ch s, by Edward Everett 2.20£ 

Young Magna, b g, by Magna Charta... 2.29 

Young Rattler, br g, by Pathfinder 2 30 

Young Sentinel, b s, by Sentinel 2.26 

Young Wilkes, blk s, by George Wilkes 2.28* 

Zelda, b m, by Tattersall'a Hambletonian 2. 29* 

Zephyr, ch s 2.29* 

Zephyr, b m, by son of Ethan Allen 2.30 

*ZoeB., chm, by Blue Bull __ 2.20* 



PACERS. 135 



List of 2:30 Pacers, Complete to the Close of 

1883. 



(Horses that got their "mark" in 1883 are designated thus: *) 

Abe Johnson, grg_ _ .. 2.29 

Ace of Clubs, rn g, by Sam Hazzard 2.24J 

Ace of Diamonds, bg 2.28J 

Aggie Downs, b m 2.29 

Albany Boy, ch g, by Sam Hazzard 2.20 

AllieBell, b m, by Tempest Jr 2.29£ 

* American Boy, b s, by Pocahontas Boy .- 2.29 

Americus, b g 2.24| 

Andrew J. Polk, ch g 2.26£ 

Andy Mellon, b g (Davy Crocket) 2.25i 

Annie Boyd, b m 2.20£ 

Badger, b s (Badger Boy), by Kerr's Bashaw 2. 29 

Bald Hornet, ch s, bv Red Buck 2.23 

Bay Billy, b g 2.14 

Bay Bob, b g 2.25 

Bay Jim, b g..._ 2.21f 

Bay Lucy, b m _ -. 2.30 

Bay Sally, b m, by Gosnell's Tom Crowder 2.20 

Bay Tom.bg. __ 2.26 

Belle Hamill, bm 2.30 

*Belle Mahone, b m, by Finches' St. Lawrence 2.24| 

Ben Butler, br g, by St. Clair. 2.19f 

Ben Hamilton, b g, by De Witt's Norman 2.16} 

Ben Higdon, ch g, by Abdallah _ 2.27 

*BessieM., blk m, by Pocahontas Boy 2.21f 

Betty Walker, bm _ _ 2.30 

Bill White, rn g 2.30 

Billy Bovce, b g, by Corbeau 2. 19 

Billy Button, gr g _. 2.29£ 

Billy C, b g 2.25f 

Billy Hopper (Billy Hooper), gr g 2.24^ 

Billy Hotspur, ch s _ 2.24 

Billy Larkin, bg ___ 2.27 

*Billy M., ch g, by Clear Grit, dam by Toronto Chief 2.24^ 

Billy Mayo, gr g 2.20 

*Bi!lvK, chg, New Ross, Ind., Aug. 16 2 30 

*Billy N., b g, at Red Wing, Minn., Aug. 22 2.22^ 

*Billy S., bg, by Corbeau 2.16f 

♦Billy Scott, ch g, by Billy Green _. 2.21 



136 PACERS. 

♦Black Bassenger, blk s, by Old Legal Tender. 2.29f 

Black Cat, blkm. 2.29 

Black Jack, blk g _ _. 2.29£ 

♦Black Rainbow, blk g, by A Rainbow 2.30 

Black Shy, blk g 2.30 

Black Weasel, blk g, by Longfellow _.. 2.26f 

*Bright Light, br s, by Legal Tender _ 2. 29 

♦Brown Prince, brg .. 2.27-£ 

♦Buck Dickerson, ch g, by Red Buck 2.27 

♦Buckskin, dn g ._.. _ 2.27 

Buckskin, dn s 2.28 

Buffalo Girl, b m, by Pocahontas Boy 2.12| 

♦Burgher, b g 2.30 

♦California Girl, b m 2.29± 

Capitola, ch m 2.25} 

Capt. Dan, bg 2.24 

Capt. Dan, b g, by son of Scott's Hiatoga 2. 26 

Capt. Jack, b s.._ 2.29£ 

Capt. Kinnev, b g 2. 25 

Capt. Walker, ch s _ 2.27£ 

Carrie T., b m, by Sam Hazzard 2.28£ 

Cayuga Maid, b m.._ _ _ 2.28 

Centreville Maid, bm... _ 2.25| 

Change, b g 2.19 

Charley, blk g 2.27 

Charley Evans (Isaac B. Loder), rn g ._ _-. 2.21| 

Charley F, b g 2.28 

Charley H., b g 2.21 

♦Charley Harvey, b g (to saddle) 2.29J 

♦Chestnut Star, ch s 2.22 

♦Chief , b g 2.24£ 

Chieftain, bg 2. 28* 

ClaraD.,rn m. 2.29f 

Clinker, blk s, by Sam Hazzard - 2.20 

Coldwater Billy, gr g _ 2.23 

Col. Dickev, b g, by Strathmore 2.27£ 

Comet, gr"g.-~- - - 2 - 2 2 

Comet, gr m 2.21£ 

Commodore, b g. 2,27 

Conlisk's (James Conlisk and Jack), rn g _ 2 27 

Copperbottom, rn g 2.19 

Corette, b m, by Winthrop.. _ 2.19 

Cotton Picker, ch m 2.27£ 

Creole, br m _ 2.30 

Crown Point, wh g. _ 2. 26 

♦Cyclone, bg _ _. 2.29£ 

♦Daisy D., blk m, by Black Steer.. 2.22± 

Dan Mahoney, rn s 2.21J 



PACERS. 137 

Dan Miller, ch g ... 2.23 

Dan Rice (Dennis Kearney), b g, by Signal 2.21£ 

Dan Rice, rn g 2.28 

Dan Voorhees, gr g. 2. 1 9£ 

Dan Webster, b g 2.29£ 

Daniel Webster, ch g 2.25f 

Dave,bg 2.27 

Defiance, br g, by Chieftain . r 2.24 

Dexter, ch g, by Woodward's Ethan Allen. 2.29 

Dido, bm. by Scott's Hiatoga 2.23| 

Dixie.gr m 2.29i 

Doc Snyder, b g, by Wild Tom 2.27i 

*DoctorM., blk g. 2.27 

Dolly Spanker, b rn 2.27 

*Don Cameron, gr g , .... 2.24£ 

Drover, bg 2.28 

*Eddie C, b g, by Happy Medium 2.22^ 

*Eddie D., gr g, by Accidental 2.17| 

Edwin A, bg.., 2 25 

*Edwin Frost, b g 2.30 

Ella Davis, b m 2.30 

Emma, ch m 2.29 

Estelle, b m, by Scott's Hiatoga. 2.23£ 

*Etta C, bm, by Hampshire Boy. 2.29^ 

Fanny Ellsler, gr m 2.27-1 

Fanny Fern, bm ... 2.28f 

*Fannie Golddust, ch m, by son of Golddust, dam by Red 

Buck 2.2o£ 

Felix, rn g, by Dictator 2.24J 

Fisherman (Swindle), b g 2.21 

Fleetfoot, br m 2.25 

Flitterfoot, chs.. 2.241 

Flora, b m, by Chieftain 2.30 

*Flora Bell, br m , by Stuker's Rainbow 2. 13f 

Flying Hiatoga, Jr. , br s, by Flying Hiatoga 2. 25 J 

Frank, ch g _ 2.27£ 

Frank Pierce, ch g. 2.23f 

*Frank W., dn g 2.28i 

*Fred Akerman, bg _ 2.26-1 

Frederick, gr g 2.29| 

Fred Johnson, gr g 2.26 

Fred Wormley, bg 2.29 

*Fritz, gr g 2.24£ 

•Fuller, bg, by Clear Grit 2.13f 

*Gem, bm, by Tom Rolfe 2.13§ 

Gen. Taylor, br g 2.26 

*GeorgeG.> dn g, by Flying Dutchman ._ 2.23£ 

*George Gordon, ch s, by Gen. Hardee 2.27$ 



138 PACERS. 

*Gideon, gr g . 2.29£ 

Granger, ch g, by Tom Crow der 2.24 

Granger Pete, gr g 2.23 

*Gray Frank, gr g, by Haywood Chief 2.26 

Grey Dan, gr g 2.24£ 

Grey Dick, gr s 2.26£ 

Grey Eagle, gr g : 2.25 

Grey Harry, gr s, by Tempest 2.26£ 

*GypsieJoe, brg... „ 2.30 

Gypsy, bg, by Scott's Hiatoga 2.28£ 

Gypsy Queen, blk m _ 2.24 

Gypsy Roan, ram.. ... _. 2.25 

Handy Andy, rn g... 2.29£ 

Harry, b g 2.19£ 

Harry D., bg 2.28 

Harry Goodrich (Nigger Boy), b g, by Cadmus . - _ 2.25| 

Heffner's blk g _. 2.30 

Hendricks, T. A. (Tom Hendricks), bg... 2.29 

Hero, gr g, by Harris' Hambletonian 2. 20£ 

Highjack, ch g 2.25f 

Hiram Tracy, b g, by Tecumseh 2.22£ 

Honest Jim, br g, by Dillon Horse 2.28} 

Honesty, bg 2.28 

Hoosier Dick, bg... __. 2 19 

Hoosier Sam, b g 2.24£ 

Hoosier Tom, b g, by Tom Hal 2.19£ 

Horace Greeley, br g .2.22 

Humming Bird, ch m, by St. Clair 2.30 

Innocent Sam, bg.. . 2.27f 

IrishMoll, blk m_... 2.28^ 

Jack Evans, br g 2.29£ 

*Jack Hart, ch g, by American Boy 2.23} 

*Jack Rapid, gr s, by Jack Rapid. ._ _ 2.25 

James K.Polk, ch g__ _ 2 27 

Jeff Davis, br g 2.25f 

Jenny Lind, ch m 2.28 

Jerry 2.30 

Jim Brown, ch g : 2.17£ 

*Jim Jewell, b g, by Aberdeen 2.19^ 

Jim McCue, b s, by St. Clair 2.18 

Joe Bowers, Jr., b g, bv Joe Bowers 2.25J 

*Joe Braden, b g, by Bull Gopher. ; 2.20£ 

Joe Coburn 2 30 

Joe Gates, gr g. 2.23£ 

Joe Hooker, blk s _. 2 30 

*Joe Lewis, gr g 2.29f 

Joe Wilson, bg 2.24f 

John Burke, bg.. _. 2.26 



PACERS. 139 

John Burnett, ch g 2.30 

*John H.,chg 2.29 

John Heenan, b g, by Henry Clay (pacer) ._. 2.25 

John (Jim) McKinney, rn g 2.23 

John McNair, bg... 2.23| 

John Schonchin, ch g__ _• _. 2.25£ 

*Johnson, foaled 1877 by Basbaw Golddust, son of Billy 
Bashaw, said to be a son of Green's Bashaw. Bashaw 
Golddust's dam by Champion Golddust. Johnson's 
dam, chestnut mare by Ned Forrest ; second dam, by 
Steele's Kentucky Hunter. Ned Forrest, by Alexan- 
der's Edwin Forrest ; dam by Young Sir Henry 2. 10 

JohnTowle, b g 2.26 

Johnny Weigle, b g 2.20| 

* Jordan, ch g, by son of Scott's Hiatoga. 2.26 

Josie, brrn.. . _ 2.30 

Katie F.,dnm 2.27-J- 

Keno, br g _ 2.30 

KillbuckTom, ch s. 2.26 

*Kismet, bg, by Capt. Walker 2.24f 

Lady Alice, b m. _ _ _ 2.29 

Lady Bevias, rn m 2.26 

Lady Gray, gr m 2.25 

*Lady Lightf oot, br m, by Strathmor e 2. 27| 

Lady Mac, rn m 2.25| 

*Lady Mack, b m, by son of Hamerick's Hambletonian, 

dam by Mambrino Templer 2.29 

Lady Ryan, bm _ 2.28 

Lady St. Clair, b m, by St. Clair 2.20 

*Lady Win, bm 2.28| 

Lamplighter, chm 2.23§ 

*Laura J., blk m, by Legal Tender, Jr 2.27£ 

Legal Tender, bs... 2 28 

^Leviathan, chg 2.24 

Limber Jack, b g, by Tom Hal 2.18£ 

Limber Jim, chg.. 2.26 

Lincoln, ch g, by Tempest Jr 2.23£ 

*Link, bg 2.23| 

Little Brown Jug, br g, by Gibson's Tom Hal 2. llf 

Little Ed, grg 2.27 

*Little Jennie, blkm.. 2.26i 

Little Mac, bg 2.22 

*LittleNed, b g, by Hotspur Jr 2.24£ 

*Little Willie, sp g 2 24 

Longfellow, ch g, by Red Bill.. 2.19£ 

*Lone Jack, br g./_ 2.19 

Lotta.rn m 2.25£ 

*Lottie P., b m, by Blue Bull (?) 2.24i 

Louisa, ram _ 2.29J 



140 PACERS. 

Lucy, gr m, by Sligo... ... 2.14 

Magoozler. gr g. . _ _ 2.20£ 

Marie Scott, b m, by Scott's Hiatoga 2.24 

Mattie Hunter, ch m, by Prince Pulaski _ _ 2. 12f 

Minnie N, b m ___ _ 2.25 

Ned„gr s._ ._ ... 2.25 

Ned, bg 2.28 

Ned Forrester, ch g, by Young Forrester 2. 23£ 

*Nellie Shaw, ch m 2.27 

Nelly Davis, bm, by Kremer's Rainbow 2.24£ 

Nelly Gray, gr m . 2. 24 

*Nettle Keenan, br m, by Geo. Gordon 2.27 

*Nigger, blk g___ 2.30 

Nimrod, ch g, by Missouri Chief 2.19f 

Noonday, bg 2.27 

Oddfellow, ch g_. _ 2.28£ 

*OhioMaid, bm-. 2.28 

Onward, blk g, by Chieftain 2.24f 

Ouida. b m, by Black Hawk 2.24 

Pacific, ch g 2.28 

Pedro, b g 2.30 

Pel, rag... 2.28^ 

Pete Whetstone, bg 2.22 

Pocahontas, ch m, by Iron's Cadmus 2.20 

Pompey Jones, gr g 2.28£ 

*Prince, br g 2.26 

^Princess, b m, by Pocahontas Boy 2.19J 

Prussian Maid, b m, bj^ Signal ._ 2. 19 

Queen of the West, dn m 2.28| 

Rattling Jim, b g, by Flying Hiatoga 2.23^ 

Red Bill, bg... 2.21f 

*Richball, br g, by King Pharoab, son of Seely's Ameri- 
can Star, dam bv Little Arthur, son of Imp. Glenco.. 2.12£ 

Roanoke, rn g, by Old Pilot 2 26 

*Rostrever, gr g, by Cutter's Davy Crockett. 2.26A- 

RowdyBoy, blkg.. 2.13J 

Sailor Boy, rn g, by Smuggle Jr. 2.17J 

Sallie, b m, by Tom Crowder.. 2.211 

*SallieB., blk m._ 2.23 

Sallie Morris, bm 2.20 

Sam Slick, b g 2,28 

Sealskin, blkg _. 2.26£ 

Shackleford, rn g 2.20^ 

*Shaker, bg 2.25f 

Shaker Boy, b g ___ 2.27£ 

Sherman, b g 2.27 

Silas, gr g._ 2.27 

Silvertail, b m 2.26f 

Silvertail, ch g - 2.26 



PACERS. 141 

*Silvertail, grg, by Tempest Jr, dam Bed Buck 2.21J 

Simcoe, b s, by Signal 2,26 

Skinner Dick, ch g . 2.2? 

Sleepy Bill, b g 2.22£ 

Sleepy Bill, grg 2.30 

Sleepy David, rn g 2.29f 

Sleepy George, b g, by Belmont Bill _. 2.15 

Sleepy John, b g _. 2,30 

Sleepy Tom, ch g, by Tom Rolf 2.12± 

Sorrel Billy, ch g, by Scott's Hiatoga 2.20 

Sorrel Dan, ch g, by Red Buck ... 2.14 

Sorrel Frank, ch g_ 2.25i 

Stella 2.29 

Stocking Leg, gr m 2.29J 

Stonewall, ch g, by Blue Bull ._ _ 2.28 

Straightedge, grg. 2.24| 

Sucker State, b g 2.23 

Sweeper, gr g.__ 2.23^ 

Sweetzer, grg, by Gosnell's Tom Crowder 2.15 

Tecumseh,chg.. _ 2.20* 

*Thunder, ch g, by Hardee 2.22f 

Tippecanoe, ch g 2.29 

Tom Parker, br g 2.30 

Tom Smiley, ch g _. 2.30 

Topsy, blk m 2.25£ 

Trifle, rn g 2.284- 

*Truro, b g, by Hamlet, dam by Marshall Chief 2.22f 

♦Tucker B.,bg 2.30 

Unknown, gr m... 2.23 

*Vasco, b g, by Copperbottom.. 2.26f 

Velocipede, b g 2.27£ 

♦Victor, bg . .-..-.-_ 2.28i 

Victor, grg.. 2.28 

Village Boy, rn g 2.25 

Wake Up Jake, brg... 2.30 

Warrior, b g, by Warrior 2.22| 

Washington, bg... 1 2.20 

Washington, blk s, by Bucephalus 2. 26J 

Washington Maid, ch m 2.26 

♦Westmont, ch g, by Almont 2.15| 

♦Wild Frank, bg. 2.25£ 

William C, b g 2.21£ 

Winder, ch g, by Whitehall 2.21 

Wisconsin Chief , gr g 2.27 

Wonder, grg 2.26 

Wonderful, b g, by Legal Tender Jr 2.25+ 

Wyandotte Chief, gr g 2.30 

Vankee Sam, dng 2.25|- 

Young America, br g, by Vt. Black Hawk 2.23 



"RECUPERATIVE" 



This preparation is designed to be administered 
to horses suffering from exhaustion, occasioned by 
violent exertion in all contests of speed. The " Re- 
cuperative " will slow the heart's action and restore 
the nerve force expended in trotting or pacing a fast 
heat. The " Recuperative " affords instant relief in 
cases of " Thumps " or Palpitation of the Heart, but 
should not be given unless the condition of the horse 
clearly indicates the necessity of an artificial stimu- 
lant, in which case this preparation is invaluable. 
Give no whisky, sherry wine, or any other stimulant 
with the " Recuperative." 

Dose.— Twent}^ drops on the tongue at the ter- 
mination of the heat, if necessary. 

In severe attacks of Lung Fever, or Congestion of 
the Lungs, give the " Recuperative " in fifteen drop 
doses every half hour until relieved, then once in an 
hour, &c. It will give relief in every case. 

Put up in four ounce bottles with directions. 
Price, $2.00 per bottle. Sent to any address on re- 
ceipt of price. 

Prepared only by 

The Smeall Horse Remedy Co,, 

TOLEDO, OHIO. 



Dr. A. N. SMEALL'S 

Nerve & Blood Tonic 



This remedy corrects every irregularity of 
the Digestive Organs, Liver, and Blood, arousing a 
healthy appetite, and assisting the stomach in digest- 
ing the food perfectly, whereby all functional troubles 
are expelled. This medicine is in form of powders, 
each box containing twelve powders, one to be given 
at a dose in soft feed, or bran mash. 

This preparation is compounded from pure in- 
gredients, and contains no metallic substance but 
Iron. Each powder has an outside wrapping of tin 
foil, and will retain its strength indefinitely. 

No medicine has ever been offered the owners 
of horses equal to this for Loss of Appetite, Staring 
Coat, General Weakness and Emaciation, Yertigo 
or Staggers, Swelling of the Legs, and all forms of 
trouble resulting from Indigestion, Neglect, or Over- 
work. One box is usually sufficient. 

Price, $1.00 per box. Sent to any address on 
receipt of price. 

Prepared by the 

Smeall Horse Remedy Co,, 

TOLEDO, OHIO. 



£3 



FOR 

Cuts, Burns, Wounds and Sores, 

Of Every Description. 



IMMEDIATELY RELIEVES PAIN. 



The old time theory, to heal wounds, sores, cuts, bruises, 
burns, skin and flesh diseases, of all descriptions, was by mak- 
ing salves of various ingredients, always using beef and mutton 
tallow, hog's lard, beeswax, and various other fatty substances. 
Late discovery has taught us that all above mentioned ingre- 
dients are injurious and outright poison to the human or ani- 
mal flesh where wounded. 

We introduce to the public the new remedy called the 
"Sure Cure," prepared entirely of extracts of vegetations. 
The " Sure Cure " will at once relieve pain, prevent inflam- 
mation, remove all soreness, and heal wounds and sores very 
quick. Our Agents are authorized to refund money in all 
cases where "Sure Cure" fails to do as recommended. 

This remedy has no equal as an application to horseflesh 
for all cases of sore necks, sore breasts, saddle galls, or cracked 
heels (commonly called scratches), or any form of flesh wounds, 
recent or chronic. 

Price, 25 and 50 cents per box. If your Druggist has not 
got it, order direct from us. Trial sample for human flesh 
sent on receipt of 2-cent stamp; sample for horse flesh sent on 
receipt of three 2-cent stamps. Goods sent by mail anywhere 
free, on receipt of price. Address 

SCHAEFFEH & CO., 

Sole Proprietors, 
Room 5, Campbell Block, TOLEDO, O. 



U 



n*%HA '■£-- 



Dr. JNO. ELLIOTT, Y. S. 

GRADUATE OF 

Ontario XXFtorinarg QoIIpgF 




OFFICE AND j| pB| j INFIRMARY 
No. 83 East Wabash Street, 

INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 

D. P. BISSELL, 

PRACTICAL 

HORSESHOER 

No. 26 East St. Joe Street, 

INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 

All Track Horses shod in the most scientific manner. Having had 30 years 
experience with Track Horses. I am enabled to give the best of satisfaction. 
Shoes made from diagram of feet of any weight and sent to any point in the 
United States.. PRICES REASONABLE. 




Dr. A. N. SMEALL'S 

CAMPHORATED 

Leg and Body Wash. 

This preparation must be diluted in the proportion 
of one ounce of the Wash to one quart of rain water, 
and thus diluted to be used as an ordinary wash for race 
horses in training. It will be found superior to any pre- 
paration designed for the same purpose, as it contains 
properties, which, when applied as a body wash, assists 
nature in opening the pores of the skin, which enables 
the blood to throw off its watery surplus through the 
pores, thereby reducing the temperature of the body and 
relieving the internal organs of circulation and respira- 
tion, and should always be used in assisting a horse to 
recover between heats of a race. 

As a Leg Wash it is equally valuable. Legs in- 
clined to inflammation and swelling from work, if ban- 
daged with wet bandages and kept moist with the Wash 
while not at work, will regain their normal condition, 
without a " let up " in training. 

Put up in Quart Bottles only, and sent by Express 
to any address on receipt of price, $3 00. One Quart 
makes Eight Gallons when diluted. . 
Address orders to. 

SMEALl HORSE REMEDY CO., 

, Toledo, Ohio. 






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