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Full text of "Henry Dickinson Smith : a biography and memorial"

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1 . : H:J 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

A BIOGRAPHY AND MEMO* 



;!".. HENRY D. PORTE: 




:- 



University of California Berkeley 







HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 




HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 



Henry Dickinson Smith 



A BIOGRAPHY AND MEMORIAL 



BY 



Henry D. Porter 




NEW YORK CHICAGO TORONTO 

Fleming H. Revell Company 

LONDON AND EDINBURGH 



Copyright, 1908, by 
FLEMING H. REVELL COMPANY 



New York: 158 Fifth Avenue 
Chicago: 80 Wabash Avenue 
Toronto: 25 Richmond St., W. 
London: 21 Paternoster Square 
Edinburg: 100 Princes Street 



This volume 
is dedicated to the class of 1909, 

Beloit College, 

which will hold in lasting memory, 
the ardor in high service, 
the inspiring and eager example, 

of him 
Whom it commemorates 



FOREWORD 

Why callest Thou the stainless knight, 

With sword scarce proved against the foe, 

Why leavest us, with many a fight, 

Wearied and scarred, and fain to go? 

Yet this we dimly understand, 

That Life Eternal is our own, 
And that the unseen Other Land 

Is ours, and not this Land alone. 

Once Thou didst lose Thy Son awhile, 
On a strange errand, full of pain, 

Yet with a Father's welcoming smile 
Didst proudly take Him home again. 

So now we say; If life be one 
And Thou of Life the Ruler be, 

Dear God, Who gavest us Thy Son, 
Behold we give our sons to Thee. 

From " The Parting Guest/' 

ROSSITER W. RAYMOND. 



" And Jesus looking on him, loved him." R. V. 

The nobility of youthful ardor rightly directed arouses 
deep emotions of love and expectation. Often the signal 
souls are those whose career is shortened. They still point 
us to expanding powers in realms beyond our vision, but 
not beyond our hope. The preparation of this memorial, 
committed to me by Henry's parents, has been one of 
increasing interest. The attractive series of letters, so 
personal and self-revealing, were collated by his mother. 
Other sources have been freely drawn from, especially 
the Beloit College Round Table and the Codex of the 
classes 1907 and 1909- 

The verses Foreword and Postscript are here pre- 
sented through the kind permission of their authors. To 
each of the many hundred who have expressed their sym- 
pathy through beautifully worded and comforting letters 
and their high estimates of Henry's inspiring, though 
brief influence, an additional word of thanks is given. 
" The sympathies of sorrow are timeless and spaceless." 

HENRY D. PORTER. 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

BORN 
JANUARY 22, 1881, AT TIENTSIN, CHINA 

DIED 
AUGUST 8, 1906, AT GENEVA LAKE, WIS. 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

A KNIGHTLY soul! A knightly son! In 
- ** such felicitous phrases President Eaton 
summed up for us the brief but distinguished 
career of Henry Dickinson Smith. It is not 
necessary to look backward to King Arthur's 
time to see the true knight in his panoply. Nor 
need we turn to the days of historic chivalry to 
be reminded of noble youth in quest of high 
service. It is not the champing steed in his array, 
nor the steel-clad rider with visor down and 
lance at guard, that makes the loyal knight. 
Then, as now, it was the true and faithful spirit, 
the pure and consecrated life, that made one 
worthy to receive the touch of a king granting 
nobility and knighthood. Now, as then, youth 
is made beautiful through the soul within. 
Strength and beauty are the forces of manliness, 
equipped through service and discipline to the 
right estimate of duty. Whoever finds through 
work and service the joy of effort, has a claim to 
honor, and is fitly called a knightly soul. 



14 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

Hazards are for him but the opportunity for ser- 
vice. Death in victory may be the reward. 

The sad event which brought a sudden privi- 
lege and a speedy end to this knightly student 
makes it fitting that a more extended record 
should be preserved of his young and ardent 
manhood. For it was in the moment of eager 
self-forgetfulness, as ever impulsive in effort, 
that this strong and true life was laid down. 

New impulse has been given in recent years 
to the study of life* adding interest to the 
quondam introspective study of man. With 
great minuteness and patience of detail the deli- 
cate and intricate interrelations of human attrib- 
utes have been watched and the studies tabulated. 
The way was at once opened for a clearer study 
of the child life. The marvelous years of in- 
fancy, so swift in development, so far-reaching 
in result, have become a real source of valuable 
study. The child has been found to be the 
father of the man. Personality and individual- 
ity find in that child life their unique origins. 
What is the gift through heredity, what the 
increment of growth through environment, 
find here large solution. We trace in the physi- 
cal form and feature of the child the long-ob- 
served aspects and attitudes of the parents. We 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 15 

follow in like manner the mental unfolding, or 
the moral discipline, of parent or of earlier an- 
cestor. Of heredity, the scientific thinking is led 
to affirm, " Heredity is the sum of environment." 
But such heredity waits to find new and other 
environment to mold in its measure the new and 
idiosyncratic life. It is not without full signifi- 
cance that our Christian thought is glad to say: 
" Each life is a plan of God." No childish or 
youthful life can pass close scrutiny without the 
growth of assurance that resident, yet obscure, 
forces have full share in the building of character. 
Because of this, the modern parent learns to 
prize at high value the privilege and responsibil- 
ity of guiding without undue pressure the un- 
folding life. 

The children of foreign missionaries have an 
environment of their own, in a certain measure 
isolated, and valuable as a study on that account. 
The childish and youthful life of such an one, if 
this study may be permitted to linger a little, 
will find its own interest. 

A MISSIONARY BOYHOOD 

Henry Dickinson Smith, the only son of Rev. 
Arthur Henderson Smith and Mrs. Emma Dick- 
inson Smith, was born in Tientsin, China, Jan- 
uary 22, 1881. Two sisters had preceded Henry. 



16 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

One sweet babe was laid away in the quiet church 
yard at Tientsin. 

" Pure, sweet and fair 
Ere thou couldst taste of ill, 
God willed it, and thy baby breath was still ; 
Now 'mong His Lambs thou liv'st, thy Saviour's care 
Forever as thou wert, pure, sweet and fair." 

Marie Jessica, the second sister, lived to beauti- 
ful young womanhood. The four years that 
separated the ages of brother and sister made the 
elder sisterly relation very sweet and strong as 
the years passed on. A part of the new environ- 
ment was that chivalry of the home life, which 
meant so much for the future. The missionary 
home itself was full of merriment and song. 
With a devoted mother, so happy-hearted, 
and a father who, though wise and strong, 
made life glad for others, with quip and 
merry turns of thought and speech, and often 
with amusing tirades at the conventions of life, 
it was quite fitting that the child should always 
show a happy face, or learn to endure criticism 
with a brave, struggling impulse. The winning 
smiles of babyhood foretell the sympathies of 
later life. It was this which led to the dear 
" milk name," as the Chinese name it. " Honey 
Bee," drawing sweetness from every flower of 
happy intercourse, was the name which long clung 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 17 

to the sparkling eyes and curly locks of the happy 
child. 

He was as determined in a way as he was win- 
ning in smiles. A day came when he refused 
to drink from the accustomed bottle. The Chi- 
nese amah solved the dilemma: " He is disgusted 
with the bottle and wants a cup." Thus he 
graduated with honor from "mere babyhood." 
One language would seem to be enough to 
occupy the powers of even a strong and vig- 
orous child. In foreign lands one notices the 
marvel of a bilingual process. The theory that 
one can learn only his own appropriate native 
speech is daily disproved by abundant facts. 
Especially is this true when the second lan- 
guage is thought to be essentially difficult. 
The missionary child, cared for and followed 
closely by a native woman, learns to absorb 
the double speech with equal ease. He turns 
from one to the other apparently uncon- 
sciously, using each with a freedom that may 
well astonish those who learn in a less natural 
way. The childish vocabulary may not be very 
large, but is in this case made double and 
thereby an added marvel. In Henry's case this 
aptitude was no doubt increased by the abundant 
flow of speech of his father. It was a family 
amusement to recall that the elder sister at about 
four years of age had expressed her pleasure 



18 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

when her father was away in the country touring, 
" Because then I have a chance to say some- 
thing." Henry enjoyed such speech before he 
could talk plainly, and doted on being governed 
by " jawbreakers." His mother records that a 
perverse habit of refusing to go to sleep at the 
right time was broken up by a long and irrelevant 
speech from his father. There floats up from 
the early reminiscences the time when the pres- 
ence of guests made an early sleep most de- 
sirable. Why should papa not try his entice- 
ments ? There rolled into his little ear the solemn 
combinations: "Henry, do you know that ow- 
ing to the revolution of the sun, moon, and stars 
on their axes and owing to the precession of the 
equinoxes every form of unnecessary bedcloth- 
ing is contradicted? Do you know? Do you 
understand?" ''Stand," said the two-year-old, 
with a sigh of perfect content, as he took the 
closely gathered bedclothes from his head and 
went to sleep. 

He learned to read in the new way by words 
and not by letter. It is on record that the family 
poet prepared two envelopes. One was marked, 

" All of these 
Are Honey Bee's." 

When he forgot, it went mournfully into the 
envelope number two; 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 19 

" All the others, 
Are Honey Bee's Mother's. 

Energy easily develops in a growing child, and 
great hopes arise. When he first saw the moon 
he said: " When I'm a big boy, I'll dig it down 
with a stick." 

The baby days swiftly pass into childhood. 
The first furlough of his parents took them to 
America and into the swirl of missionary visits 
and talks. In some of these visits and talks the 
children joined. It was an ordeal, no doubt, 
for them, and required a little bribing. A large 
motive was offered one time when singing a 
hymn in Chinese was on the programme. " If 
you don't sing, I can't give you the red balloon 
bladder." So he went through "Bright gems 
for his crown." But the last verse had a varied 
ending. The lad seized the hard-earned bladder 
and blew a blast. No wonder the audience 
laughed. This visiting brought them at last to 
Wellesley and its lovely group of teachers and 
scholars, six hundred and more. The artless 
action of an eager child, curly-haired and bright- 
eyed, made a deep impression. One day, the 
morning service over, "Perpetual Motion," as 
his mother called him, felt the reaction that comes 
to a rapt audience when the listening is done. 
He had been a good boy through the long ser- 



20 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

vice. His conscience was clear. An idea struck 
him. Swift as an arrow the child darted up the 
aisle and flung himself into the arms of Miss 
Freeman, the President, with both arms about 
her neck. No matter that it was Sunday, no 
matter if a beautiful Voluntary was going on. 
She just looked at him and smiled like a seraph. 
She understood and " loved back." This re- 
minded his friends of a scene on the Road " Vic- 
toria," Tientsin. A little maid about his age 
appeared on the street daintily dressed. The lad 
from the country, unaccustomed to other than 
Chinese sights, ran up to the little maiden and 
kissed her with a vigorous hug. " I just kissed 
that little girl," was his simple comment. One 
of the Wellesley Professors who never saw him 
after he was four years old noticed one trait of 
his character. " Henry was the soul of honor, 
unimpeachable." There w r as a touch of endur- 
ance and bravery in the child. His father ex- 
plained to him that his tonsils were swollen and 
must be taken out; if he would be brave and sit 
on papa's knees without making a fuss he might 
choose anything he liked for a gift. The child 
came home in triumph, with a gay red checker 
board. 

One winter of the furlough was spent at 
Pasadena. A pretty reminder of that open- 
air winter is found in a neat little water-color of 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 21 

Marie Smith and Henry standing under the 
gracefully lovely pepper trees of California. 
The kind lady who painted this will be fully re- 
membered. A second winter was spent in Hono- 
lulu, with grandmother Dickinson and Mr. and 
Mrs. Merritt, then of Oahu College. "The 
Friend," published in Honolulu, for October, 
1906, contains the following in a Memorial 
paragraph: " In the early months of 1885, dur- 
ing the Presidency of W. C. Merritt, Rev. 
Arthur Smith, missionary to China, with his 
wife, Mrs. Emma Dickinson Smith, and their 
two lovely children, a girl and a boy, made a 
delightful visit at Punahou. Mrs Merritt and 
Mrs. Arthur Smith were sisters most tenderly 
loved, and the visit of the missionary family is 
still remembered. The sweet little girl, Marie, 
died a few years later in California. She was a 
most saintly girl whose life and death were widely 
known in Oakland, where the parents were on a 
missionary furlough. The ladies of the Board 
remembered the young man as a curly-headed 
boy who was called " Honey Bee Smith," and as 
such he is well recalled by those who were here 
twenty-one years ago. M. C. A." 

The return from Honolulu to China was by 
sailing vessel to Hong-Kong, a long six-weeks' 
sail, monotonous, no doubt, but with the unfail- 
ing charm of the sea, which neither child nor man 



22 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

escapes. The hardships and crudities of such a 
trip are a part of its remembered joys. Of this 
voyage the mother merrily said: " The soup was 
cold, the wine hot, and everything else was sour 
except the vinegar. The excitement of the trip 
centered about the ugly creature which followed 
the ship for days which the captain tried to 
catch. He swallowed the pork, but not the hook, 
and got away. Finally one proud day the 
creature came once too often and was hoisted on 
deck. It was not the ' Big Captain,' but the 
little captain in kilts and curls who boasted, ' We 
caught that shark.' " 

Henry was but six years old when he returned 
to the quiet compound at Pang Chuang to join 
the little circle of children in the happy rounds 
of their isolated life. It was another six years 
before the family were compelled to take another 
furlough. Six radiant and happy years with two 
or three companions older and younger, a group 
large enough to make life strenuous either in 
play or study, for its congenial members. At 
one time there were two girls and eleven boys 
with whom to study or to romp. These were 
years of rapidly increasing acquisition. A mis- 
sionary child has the advantage or disadvantage 
of being much with his elders, of training under 
the guidance of father and mother, of speech 
upon many of the larger rather than the lesser 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 23 

interests of life. The tasks set for such children 
must be very methodical and persistent lest they 
lose the fresh opportunity given to children 
in the home land. A seat in the father's study 
with appointed hours of study, recitations at 
suitable times, mark the daily course for years. 
We need not follow all that quiet, exacting dis- 
cipline except to note its progress and value. 
Going to Mission Meeting every second year 
with its long picnics of slow river-travel and the 
excitement of meeting the large companies of 
mission workers and the bands of children, add 
zest to the outing and store up treasure for long 
months of isolation. On one of these trips the 
growth of the appreciative boy was noticed by 
a lady friend at Tientsin. She had taken him 
to ride. An auction bill was thrown into the 
jinrikisha. The lad picked it up and read fluently 
and with a sense of the fun concealed in it, " On 
Thursday, these goods will be ruthlessly slaugh- 
tered/' These are the days when a boy's love 
goes out to all animal life. It was a pretty pic- 
ture which the eager lad showed, returning once 
from a northern trip; a cat in a bag, head ex- 
posed, a bird in a cage fit to hold it properly, and 
a small dog to be educated and duly disciplined. 
These called forth the best traits of character 
through the interest and care involved. When 
a bleating goat was added, how complete the 



24 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

joys of life! Alas, that goat! Tied by a rope 
too long to the knob of an outside door, near 
one's bedroom, of course, what should the poor 
thing do, but hang itself in the night ! The little 
dog was the surest companion and comfort. As 
it grew old and had a most unfortunate cough 
and asthma, affection alone could desire to keep 
it alive to its last days. And such affection was 
loyally given. 

A boy loves to imitate his father. So Henry 
carried with him in his pocket a small book from 
which to read aloud when occasion required, the 
other lads assisting with merry shouts when a 
good thing was on. Among the treasures of this 
period was a small booklet containing all the fine 
conundrums, dear old chestnuts of the father's, 
known to the present age. A mine of delight to 
Henry, and faithfully pondered, nest eggs for 
future fun. If an occasional proverb was 
swiftly hurled it was but following the ways of 
the Author of " The Proverbs and Common say- 
ings of China." 

As the children grew older it became necessary 
to lay plans of study out of the ordinary course, 
which might embrace as well the older sister, now 
on the verge of girlhood. The subject of politi- 
cal economy was one of those chosen. During 
several months the sister and two boys, eleven 
years old, listened for an hour each morning to 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 25 

a most inviting and practical talk on the varied 
themes of Production, Distribution, Wages, and 
Trade, fully illustrated from abundant material 
at home and abroad. About the same time 
another half hour was given in the afternoon to 
physiology. The local physician was supposed 
to know something about that. The little class 
was enlarged by having two younger lads, to 
whom the comparative anatomy of birds and cats 
and dogs was equally interesting. The older 
boys, already well along in Latin, enjoyed strong 
meat in the names of bones and muscles. They 
vied with each other in the effort to remember 
these and to rattle off, as Dr. Wendell Holmes 
did in his classroom, the happy combination of 
the " auriculo-ventricular orifice." When the 
Christmas of that year came, it was the teacher 
who got the diploma instead of the pupil. Henry 
had gotten the skillful Chinese writer to copy on 
a piece of delicate white silk, the frontispiece of 
his book, a fine specimen of the human skeleton. 
This was found in his teacher's stocking on 
Christmas morning. 

The theory of the relation of children to the 
church has undergone an entire change within 
the last half century. It had always seemed to 
these missionary parents that the suitable place 
for Christian children was within the fold rather 
than without. Whatever the future might have 



26 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

to change through growing thought or larger ex- 
perience, the hope was that a genuine Christian 
life might grow even from early childhood. The 
sister, Marie, had united with our Chinese church 
at the age of eleven. Henry wished to follow 
the steps of this dear sister. On his own applica- 
tion and eager desire he was received into the 
fellowship of the Chinese saints and of the 
church universal. It was always an impressive 
sight at each communion service to see often half 
a hundred Chinese making devout confession of 
Christ. No little pleasure was added when a for- 
eign child could stand with them in the midst of 
the great congregation. The test, of course, 
must come when the environment, somewhat se- 
cluded, should be changed. 

The spring of 1893 found Mr. Smith's health 
much impaired, as well as that of the dear daugh- 
ter. On returning to the United States, the 
autumn of the year found them making a home 
in Oakland, Cal. Henry entered at once upon a 
high-school course. The Oakland High School 
has one of the finest and best-equipped buildings 
in America, and its course is of a high order. 
The lad began this course with great pleasure. 
The long illness of the daughter, followed by a 
season of partial recovery, was full of discipline 
for them all. Rev. Arthur Smith returned to his 
work in China in the spring of 1895. Madame 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 27 

Dickinson, now in a gentle lovely old age, was a 
noble and chastening influence in the home life. 
In the autumn of this year, Marie, in the joy of 
the hope that she might begin a new a course of 
study, had entered the high school. Her clear 
and penetrating mind and gentle sweetness of 
Christian life gave promise of much usefulness. 
God willed it otherwise. In a few weeks her 
illness returned with new complications and she 
faded into the eternal life, November 21, 1895. 
There is no record of the immediate effect of 
this great sorrow upon Henry. The loss of an 
older and only sister, so dear, so gentle, so bril- 
liant also, must have greatly influenced his moral 
growth and life, deepening and elevating his 
thought, enriching his experience. Henry had 
chosen a classical course. He pursued it with 
unwonted zeal and determined effort. He was 
already attracting attention through his quick 
intelligence and energetic enthusiasms. His 
schoolmates could find no better name for such 
an one than "Freak Smith." His having 
come from China added uniqueness to this em- 
phasis.* 

*Mrs. Hinckley, the wife of the Clerk of the United States 
Court at Shanghai, was from Oakland and a member of Henry 
Smith's high school class. In speaking to a friend of those 
days she remarked that Henry Smith was to her a most in- 
teresting fellow student. She could never keep up with him in 
their mutual studies. 



28 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

Vacation days often show the measure of a 
lad. Henry always found some " job " to take 
up. He secured a bicycle and ran on errands. 
His mother records this. Passing a house a 
strange lady called to him. She was alone with 
a sick baby. Would he please go to the drug 
store and buy her some medicine? "Mamma, 
she just chucked her whole pocket book into my 
hand. I made change all right and brought it 
back at once. When she tried to pay me I 
wouldn't take it, for you know I promised God, 
if He'd give me a bicycle,, I'd do errands for 
Him." It was an axiom in the family that God 
was a very present help and ready to hear the 
desires of each, even in the little affairs of the 
daily life. We are again told of his finding a 
place in a cannery, with long hot days of work 
and slow advance in wages, or again as an eleva- 
tor boy with the daily incidents and perils. 

At length the high school course was com- 
pleted. His successes in study brought him to 
graduation in the spring of 1897, ready for col- 
lege. During the waiting months Henry decided 
to go into business. The question arose should 
he enter the University of California, or go East 
to Beloit College, the early home of his mother, 
and the college of his father and of Henry 
Dickinson, his uncle. The associations of school 
companionship and the vigor of California life 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 29 

would persuade him to remain. The wisdom of 
his father urged Beloit as a quieter and more 
fruitful place of study, with personal associa- 
tions all in its favor. Meanwhile he went to work 
in a San Francisco store. In the glad eagerness 
of earning money he gave himself with enthu- 
siasm to the new life, and the details of business. 
That great world of active effort, with its 
hustling energy* was opened before him with 
awakening emphasis. He decided to spend a 
year in business. A cousin of his mother now 
offered him a place in his business, greatly in- 
creasing his impulse toward a business life. This 
was well suited to the energies of a growing 
youth. The steady work of lifting, carrying, 
and arranging goods was well suited to his needs. 
His physical powers developed rapidly and he 
grew to the measure of a tall, large man, some- 
what above the average height. He rejoiced in 
the new found energy. But the question still 
remained should he give up study, and accept 
the attractive offers of promotion and respon- 
sibility? 

The advice of his father was finally, wisely, 
however reluctantly, accepted. His mother had 
returned to China in the autumn of 1897, leaving 
him thus alone to decide upon his future. The 
traditions of the family finally led him to decide 
on the college career. In the autumn Septem- 



30 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

her 1898, he went to Beloit and was entered a 
member of the class of 1902. 

COLLEGE DAYS 

Henry found at Beloit a circle ready to re- 
ceive him on his own and on his parents' ac- 
count. His Pang Chuang playmate and fellow 
student had returned from China the year before 
and was thus in the class above him. These 
early friends were able to be very helpful to each 
other, Henry receiving with pleased deference 
the suggestions of his Sophomore elder. It was 
one of the traditions of the college that Henry's 
first year in college lacked the finer purpose of 
his after years. Business life and its more care- 
less ways needed time to be outgrown. Every 
youth must pass his periods of testing in works 
and ways. The siren of unbelief undoubtedly 
sang its song, doleful as it may be. Happily 
other influences near at hand prevented any 
stunted growth. The record of his scholarship 
for the first semester does not bear out any tradi- 
tion of lack of purpose in study. Out of six 
courses taken, four are recorded with an "a," 
excellent work, and two with a "b," good 
work. 

In the autumn of 1899 Mrs. Henry Porter, 
returning from China, made her home in Beloit. 
Henry became a member of her family and re- 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 31 

mained two years in the home. He roomed in 
Chapin Hall during his Senior year. The en- 
thusiasm of student life had returned to him and 
he made the best of those good years. His in- 
terest in debate showed itself very early. His 
initial entrance upon the contests in which he was 
to win such fine repute was in the Beloit-Ripon 
debate of his Freshmen year. Beloit did not 
win, but the ardent youth had learned lessons 
full of meaning for his student life. In his 
Sophomore year he received an appointment as 
one of the prize speakers, but the prize went to 
his competitor. 

During his Sophomore year the Beloit-Knox 
debate was open to the three upper classes ; since 
then it has been restricted to the upper two 
classes. In the preliminaries for this debate 
Henry, although a Sophomore, was chosen 
among the elect three for the team. It was 
characteristic of his unselfish character and sensi- 
tive nature that he declined to accept this favored 
election. He felt that the upper class man would 
really strengthen the team and that he himself 
should have more maturity. He therefore gave 
way to the older student and had his reward in 
very full appreciation of his fine power of leader- 
ship later. The debate that year went to Knox, 
not necessarily because he was not upon the 
team. 



32 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

The long summer vacation gave Henry oppor- 
tunity to develop his taste for business and the 
pleasure of self-help which he emulated. 

During the second of these vacations, in the 
summer of 1900, the terrible reports of the 
Boxer massacres in China were received. Know- 
ing that his parents were incarcerated in the 
seige of Peking, he was in great anxiety. When 
the graphic account of the wholesale slaughter 
of all in Peking was published, he left his sum- 
mer work and hastened to Beloit entirely cast 
down. His whole course of life would be 
changed and overclouded. Reassuring telegrams 
from Chef oo ere long served to overcome this 
despondency. When the rescue of the beseiged 
bcame a great reality we may well imagine his 
personal joy. " If the Hand of the Lord had 
not been with us, we should have been swallowed 
up quick alive." 

The problems appealing to a collegian are 
much the same in all our institutions. Shall I 
be an athlete, as I long to be, or give scholarship 
the first place? Early in his course Henry wrote 
his parents as follows: "Of course a fine 
athlete may also be a fine scholar. I have known 
a few such. The combination is not impossible, 
but improbable and extremely rare. The reason 
is that training takes so much time and strength 
that few men have enough left to make good 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 33 

scholars, and besides an enthusiastic athlete is 
very apt to do this one thing, and have very little 
interest in anything else. A good athlete must 
be careful in his diet, regular in his training, and 
must never sit up late. A good student is often 
obliged to study hard and long. A man may 
start out with the intention of doing both things 
well, but sooner or later they are most sure to 
conflict. He will find himself face to face with 
four or five hours of hard studying which must 
be done before to-morrow. Then he has to make 
his choice. If athletics are uppermost in his 
mind, he will study what he can and then go to 
bed. If this happens often, his scholarship will 
suffer. Then, since he has lost one ideal, he will 
devote himself more to the other. After this he 
may be a good athlete, but unless he stops train- 
ing he will probably never be a good scholar. The 
extreme opposite of these are those whose whole 
existence is bound up in books. They seldom 
witness a baseball or football game and never 
think of taking part in one. They take no in- 
terest in athletics or society, and if one of them 
joins a debating society it is with a view to study- 
ing rhetoric. 

" A third class are interested in athletics and 
society, but not to the exclusion of studying. 
Though they may study hard it is always with 
limits. These are moderately esteemed by the 



34 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

professors, though they may never be brilliant in 
any line. An athlete may meet with continual 
disapproval of the faculty and yet be a popular 
hero, while a hard student may have the pro- 
found admiration of every professor and yet be 
disliked by his classmates and the college. I have 
settled for myself that I will not join the first 
class. I am passionately fond of football and 
moderately fond of baseball, but not fond enough 
of either to let them crowd out my studies, nor 
to give them the attention necessary to those who 
get on the team. Between the other two the 
choice is harder." (April 4, 1899.) 

Nothing could have been more natural than 
that Henry should turn toward oratory and de- 
bate. Beloit had an established reputation as 
a college of orators. Beginning as far back as 
1874, a Beloit man won an Interstate first place. 
Since then Beloit's record was five firsts and one 
second in the Interstate. Of thirty-three such 
Interstate contests, Beloit was represented in 
twenty-two. The Association includes sixty- 
three colleges. Such well-known names as 
Bryan, La Follette, Beveridge, and Finley were 
among the contestants and winners. The Inter- 
collegiate debates were equally maintained, and 
opened avenues full of interest for each incom- 
ing class. In the Codex of 1905, Professor 
Chapin writes : " Under the stimulus of inter- 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 35 

collegiate competition, the old-time interest in 
debating has revived." Beloit's first inter-collegi- 
ate debate was held at Knox college at Gales- 
burg in 1897. Mr. Rowell, instructor in oratory, 
writes: " At the present time there is no college 
in the country that has a faculty more loyal to 
the value of oratorical training. The student 
body is thoroughly imbued with the oratorical 
spirit. Almost every man who has any ability 
has at least made an effort to win a place on one 
of the various contests." Henry had taken part 
in the Freshman debate, as already noted. With 
the Junior year he entered more fully into the 
work of public speaking. 

Early in his Junior year he was invited by 
Professor Bacon to be one of the selected assist- 
ants in the Library. He felt this as a high com- 
pliment, since the work was exacting, demanding 
a peculiar grade of efficiency and intelligence. 
There were four such appointees, two in each 
upper class, with forty hours a week to divide 
between them. Professor Bacon wished only 
such men as could carry the work and still main- 
tain a high grade of scholarship. In close re- 
lation to Professor Bacon, whom Henry admired 
very greatly, and whom all the college revered 
for his valorous surmounting of unprecedented 
physical disability, he passed from one intense 
effort to another. The first of these during this 



36 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

year was his effort to gain a place on the oratori- 
cal contest. 

Naturally enthusiastic as well as sensitive and 
introspective, his letters to his father unfold his 
growing methods of discipline and his triumph 
over difficulties. Early in the year he wrote: 
"I have only been on rhetoricals three times. 
The principal difficulty in my case is I am 
apt to talk faster than the audience can listen. 
When appointed, I spend from two to five 
hours thinking up as good a speech as I can, 
repeating it and timing myself until I have 
a mastery of the points. I am apt to think of 
too much to say in six minutes, and to lack 
time to condense and discard. Then I am 
tempted to try and give a fifteen-minute 
speech in six by sheer speed, and the effect is 
lost. Have you ever had this difficulty?" 
(January 13, 1901.) 

"I do not remember having said anything 
about the oratorical contest in which I took part 
last autumn. All summer I had been planning 
and thinking and found a subject in the Chinese 
problems viewed from the standpont of the 
duty of American world-leadership. For seven 
weeks I worked at it with tremendous energy. I 
spent from twelve to twenty hours a week in 
writing and re- writing." Sixteen men were to 
take part in the preliminaries, eight were to be 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 37 

chosen in December. The competitors were some 
of them very strong and competent writers of 
the upper class, the contest being open to Juniors 
and Seniors. It was a disappointment to such 
eagerness to fall behind in the race; not attain- 
ing to the first three. He writes: " I have met 
defeat before, never one quite like this. It came 
as a storm from the blue sky. It crushed the life 
out of me and took away all my energy. I can't 
seem to get up any interest in oratory now, al- 
though but a short time ago it was the principal 
ambition of my life." (Same date.) 

The studies of Junior year, psychology, ad- 
vanced Greek, Biblical study in the new required 
course, were full of interest to him, and debating 
preliminaries added their own weight. " The 
spring term of my Junior year was the hardest 
of my life, and at times it seemed as if I could 
not bear it, but by easing up at a crucial time 
I averted a crisis." He ran the gauntlet of the 
preliminaries and was selected leader of the team 
for the Knox debate. The two other members 
were Seniors. In preparing for this debate 
Henry showed a disposition, which steadily grew 
upon him, to devote himself aggressively to the 
matter in hand to partial neglect of other duties. 

The question chosen for debate was : " Re- 
solved, that Labor Unions, as now conducted, are 
for the best interests of the United States." The 



38 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

artlessness of his own estimate of the effort will 
add interest to the result. 

A letter gives this full report of the debating 
experience : " During the spring vacation I went 
to Chicago and studied union labor there. The 
policy of the Buildings Trades Council had been 
such as to supply me with abundant material for 
the negative of the question. I felt keenly the 
responsibility of being leader of the team. It 
means forethought, detailed planning, continual 
readjustment of material and generalship. A 
good leader ought to do more work than the 
other two men. My own speeches required more 
work and more time,, and I must keep ahead of 
the two seniors. The debate took place on the 
19th of April. We were met at the station and 
escorted to the hotel. Throughout our stay they 
were most gentlemanly and cordial in entertain- 
ing us. We were not well prepared, having had 
really a short time for practicing together. I 
had lightened my school work and postponed 
everything that could possibly be postponed, to 
work day and night on the debate. The Chicago 
trip had brought me great results in facts and 
figures. The manager of the debate called, and 
said he hoped we would not think it discourteous, 
but that the local labor union had agreed to attend 
the meeting in a body. This meant that we must 
wage war on the Labor Unions in their own 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 39 

homes and before a hostile audience. He thought 
it only fair to tell me that in anticipation of any 
oh! demonstration he had arranged to have 
several policemen present to preserve order. I 
offered no objection, provided in case of any dis- 
order, we should have the extra time that was 
lost. I was far from feeling as cool as I ap- 
peared. The Knox men all memorized their 
speeches. We outlined ours carefully, wrote 
them out, polished them up, put the main heads 
on cards. The outline method gives one control 
of excellent language, yet leaves him independ- 
ent of words and sentences. A glance at the 
card concealed in the hand was a sure preventive 
against forgetting. The debate was to take place 
at eight o'clock. At seven-thirty, on looking 
from my window, I saw a brass band, leading a 
huge torchlight procession of working men, with 
banners and mottoes, ' We are for Labor Unions ; 
Organized Labor for Knox.' But these could 
not prevent Beloit from making a good showing. 
When we three met in my room I told the others 
how I felt, and then an idea came to me. I said, 
we were all three Y. M. C. A. men, and that 
it was a good time to keep our Christianity with 
us. Then, bowing our heads for a few minutes 
we prayed that whether we win or lose, we might 
not at any time forget that we were sons of Beloit 
and Christian gentlemen. 



40 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

" The great debate was on. The presiding 
officer called on Knox's first speaker. His argu- 
ments were carefully prepared, thoroughly 
memorized, well delivered. In reply, I briefly 
referred to his speech, stated what each of our 
three speakers intended to present, outlining my 
own speech. I spoke on the growth of the Build- 
ing Trades Council, the most gigantic tryranny 
ever established by any human institution or 
agency in any free American city. A curious 
thing happened here. There were in the audience 
a few non-union plumbers who had been in 
Chicago and had felt the bitterness of that des- 
potism. The only demonstration of the evening 
was when I summed up the effects of the Build- 
ing Trades Council's conduct in Chicago. ' What 
was the result of such an attitude on the part of 
ignorant, unscrupulous labor leaders in Chicago? 
Contractors, unable to satisfy their unreasonable 
demands, were driven out of business; building 
came to a standstill ; more than fifty million dol- 
lars' worth of contracts were lost; workmen lost 
thirty million dollars in wages; industry was 
paralyzed; law was set aside and utterly disre- 
garded; the liberty of American workingmen 
was trampled in the dust/ I gestured toward a 
body of rough-looking men on my right who 
wore no union badges. From them broke out a 
crash of applause. The offending workmen were 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 41 

the scabs of whom I had been speaking. They 
felt the truth of what I said. I went on to show 
what I considered the true sphere of usefulness 
of the unions and their limitations. It does not 
increase production, nor in any way add to the 
sum of the nation's wealth; it does not increase 
the efficiency of its members ; it does not enlarge 
profits, although by force of arms it can compel 
the employer to part with some of his share, as 
wages. Our opponents have not tried to prove 
that the employers' share is too large or that 
reason and justice demand such readjustment as 
the unions try to enforce. The unions do not 
claim to be altruistic organizations, working for 
the good of society, but only claim that they ben- 
efit the people of the United States indirectly. 
Now only one -fourteenth of the working class 
and not more than one-third of the total adult 
population of the United States are members of 
the unions, and what benefit there is may not be 
necessarily for the benefit of the whole people.' 
' The debate grew more fierce, the excitement 
more intense as the argument drew to a close and 
the contest was seen to be nearly equal. In the 
Knox rebuttal I was watching every word like 
a tiger crouching for a spring. The leader said : 
* It is not fair to say only three per cent, of the 
adult population of the United States belong to 
labor unions, because that is comparing the wilds 



42 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

of Arkansas with the highly organized industrial 
centers. In the great cities, where four-fifths of 
the labor is organized, you may properly study 
industrial conditions and tendencies of to-day.' 
The applause for this speaker lasted several 
minutes. 

' When it died away, I rose to reply, feeling 
the supreme moment had come: * Ladies and 
gentlemen, I have spent nearly one-third of my 
first speech in a survey of the largest industrial 
center in the United States, where four-fifths 
of labor is organized, showing the conditions and 
inevitable consequences of that strong highly 
centralized form of organization towards which 
all labor unions are striving, and what did my 
honorable opponent say? * Oh,, that is Chicago, 
that's an exceptional case.' He says we must go 
to great industrial centers to study conditions 
and tendencies. It is the truest thing he has said 
to-night, and the most utterly destructive of his 
line of argument.' I closed by putting my whole 
soul into an appeal for the stability of industry, 
the promotion of commercial prosperity and 
supremacy and purity of city politics, the main- 
tenance of social unity and peace, and the sanc- 
tity of individual liberty, social status, and moral 
law, so often violated by the labor unions of 
to-day. The strain of the speech was something 
terrific. I do not believe I could have walked off 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 43 

the stage without help. Every one of the judges 
gave his decision for Knox. Either the audience 
was too much for them, or they gave their vote 
to the men who had made the best speeches, but 
they could not see who had made the best argu- 
ment. 

"For a time I was heart-broken, but since 
then there has come a stern resolve to take life 
more seriously, and win things after this." (June 
23, 1901.) 

It was quite true that Henry returned to 
Beloit exhausted physically, and greatly op- 
pressed because his team, finely equipped as they 
were, had not carried the day. The sense of de- 
pression lasted many days. 

A later letter gives further comments on that 
debate : " I think I told you my college experi- 
ence up to and including the Knox debate. Lu- 
cius Porter and I were very much disappointed 
at the result, and I felt exceedingly tired after 
four months of extremely strenuous work. There 
are some disadvantages about working on an in- 
ter-collegiate debate, but I believe it is worth all 
it costs. Few men can have the privilege of 
taking part in such a contest, and no one who has 
not can understand how much it is worth. Last 
year's debate was of more use to me in teaching 
me how to face the world, how to deal with men, 
and how to enter the battles of life than any 



44 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

other semester of study that I have spent in 
college. I have been asked to go in for it again 
and am seriously considering the idea. I would 
like nothing better than to win one decisive vic- 
tory for Old Beloit before I graduate. It would 
be worth all it cost." (July 26, 1901.) 

But Henry's work in debating for that year 
did not end with the defeat at Knox. Professor 
Bacon, in spite of his physical limitations, was 
always one of the most valuable debate coaches. 
But even his determination could not make his 
strength equal to evening work that spring, and 
he called in Henry Smith to aid the Freshmen in 
their Ripon debate. 

Henry writes : " When the Shakespeare play 
was over, I gave all my spare time to coaching 
the team. I worked with individuals every spare 
hour I could get through the day, and every 
evening we had a consultation with Professor 
Bacon and Professor Chapin. Ripon had un- 
dertaken to prove that in cities of the United 
States of a population of 50,000, municipalizing 
of public utilities, gas, electric light, and railways, 
was preferable to private ownership. This was 
a question that I knew very little about, so that 
every night I had to study for several hours. I 
made the men work strenuously all day and go 
to bed early. As for myself I did not miss a 
recitation. I don't believe in neglecting regular 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 45 

work for outside enterprises, and was careful to 
set my Freshmen a good example. I became so 
interested that I went with the team to cheer 
them up. The Beloit men did amazingly well, 
though defeated by unanimous decision. But 
they had gained a great deal, and I had learned 
almost as much about debate as they had." (May 
24, 1901.) 

This full year ended with another speaking 
contest for Henry. He writes: "Commence- 
ment was as impressive and beautiful as usual, 
and a great deal more interesting to me than any 
previous, since it came nearer home. Professor 
Bacon always wants the men whom he honors 
with an appointment on the library corps to take 
front rank in whatever they undertake. He was 
disappointed when the Rice prize, extempora- 
neous speaking took place. Six of us took part. 
The subject was given out at 7 A. M. ' The rela- 
tion of the steel trust to the people of the United 
States.' Twenty-seven hours of mental torture 
followed. I read, wrote, tore up, rehearsed, and 
waited. The judges gave the prize to one of my 
classmates. The only criticism suggested on my 
delivery was that I talked too fast. All three 
judges gave the first place to Beaubien. No 
defeat is tolerable to me till I have learned some 
useful lesson from it. I have learned two 
things: I must improve my delivery, especially 



46 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

in learning to talk more slowly. It will be only 
by doing more work than others that I can rely 
on any superiority." (August 11, 1901.) 

In the early days of the summer vacation 
Henry attended the World's Students' Assem- 
bly, at Lake Geneva. He enjoyed this greatly. 
His deepening religious life found new scope. 
He joined the " Student Volunteers," and re- 
turned with real enthusiasm. Mr. Beach, once 
of the North China Mission, was perhaps the 
special influence. 

" At Geneva," Henry writes, " we had ten 
days of most delightful and inspiring combina- 
tion of physical and spiritual uplift. The most 
impressive feature, to me, was the life-work meet- 
ings. Many men had come to settle such life 
work problems, and many others were led to con- 
sider, or reconsider, such questions in a new light. 
I found myself in the latter class. I had no 
definite aim most of the time, but toward the lat- 
ter part of Junior year my predominating inter- 
est in Political Science had seemed to indicate a 
legal career for me. I had not considered it 
much from the standpoint of the world's need, 
nor of where I could be of most service to God 
and humanity. No one was urged to sign the 
Volunteer declaration: ' It is my purpose, if God 
permits, to become a foreign missionary.' It is 
no pledge, and is not considered such, but may 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 47 

be changed as one's purpose changes. After 
thinking the matter over from every possible 
standpoint, I finally signed the declaration as a 
Student Volunteer, and have felt much better 
ever since. My doubts and troubles have lasted 
for several years, and are only just now begin- 
ning to get cleared up." (August 13, 1901.) 

During the summer vacation Henry went to 
Chicago for a few weeks to study oratory in a 
summer school at the University, with Professor 
W. B. Chamberlain. He took fifteen lessons. 
He says of these: 

" I worked hard at public speaking with Pro- 
fessor Chamberlain. He saw through my diffi- 
culties at once and started me on the right way 
to overcome and remedy my deficiencies. He 
helped me immensely, and what he did will be 
of lifelong value to me." 

Along the line of spiritual development it is 
interesting to read from a letter to his mother: 
" I am coming to sympathize more with some of 
your views than I did at Oakland and get great 
help from the " Daily Light " which you sent me. 
I received your letters late in May, and it has 
kept me thinking ever since. I believe it had 
more influence over me than any one letter I 
have ever received. Next year is to be a busy 
happy life, but not too strenuous." That next 
year was his Senior year. 



48 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

One of the duties of the vacation was the prep- 
aration of the Y. M. C. A. Handbook. His 
business experience made the solicitation of 
" ads " less burdensome to him than it would have 
been to others. He made a genuine success of 
it, and the literary part, full of happy hits and 
quaint suggestion, made it one of the best of the 
series. 

The athletic interest in the college life had 
awakened the physical energies of this stalwart 
youth. As vacation drew toward a close, Henry 
joined a camp of athletes on the banks of the 
Mississippi, hoping, if possible, "to make the 
team." He had, however, special limitations. 
Owing to bronchial trouble he could not run or 
hurdle as others. But he could throw into it the 
intensest effort. He could enjoy the elan of the 
strenuous struggle. In such an effort he was full 
of muscular energy, eager as a racehorse to make 
the supreme effort. He did not make the team, 
but they elected him to the second eleven, of 
which he became captain, much to his delight. 

After the season was over he reported the ac- 
tivities of the term: " I want to tell you as much 
as I can of what I am doing and of the things 
that interest me most. The Y. M. C. A. Hand- 
book before referred to says: 'Make study 
first, that is what you came for.' I know, be- 
cause I wrote it myself. Which only shows that 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 49 

it is easier to preach to Freshmen than to act 
rightly as Seniors. International Law is a splen- 
did course under Mr. Matheson, a successful law- 
yer in Janesville. It is intensely interesting. 
Ethics comes on Tuesday and Wednesday. We 
are studying it from the point of moral standard 
and of the concrete moral life. Philosophy is a 
course in the history of Modern Philosophy and 
the lives and ideas of the world's greatest 
thinkers. This is in some respects the most 
broadening course I have ever taken. Finance, 
under Professor Chapin, interests me very much, 
as all study and research along the line of politi- 
cal science and political economy always does. 
It deals with the how and why of government 
incomes and expenditures. Victorian literature 
is, with Miss Pitkin, an extremely interesting 
study. This is by far the hardest course, requires 
a vast amount of reading of the most absorbing 
kind. Classic art, under Professor Wright, is 
easy for me, because I have studied Latin 
and Greek so much. I recognized that I 
was almost wholly ignorant of art, and wanted 
to learn how to study it. 

" I am captain of the second eleven football 
team now. The scrub team includes those play- 
ers not chosen to play on the first eleven. The 
second eleven men play against the first, or l Var- 
sity,' every night to give them practice. I told 



50 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

you why I desired to make an athlete. I care 
little for football as sport. At first I hoped to 
get on the first team, but the coach appointed me 
captain of the second eleven and asked me to de- 
vote my energies to keeping it up to a high grade. 
The responsibility is by no means small, and it 
has put me in hard positions many times. I 
pick out the hardest things for myself. Every 
captain does that. We play every night against 
the strongest and most experienced athletes in 
college. An hour and a half is most exhausting. 
It brings as desirable results magnificent health 
and splendid physique. A hygienic mode of life 
is a balance-wheel, preventing excessive mental 
work, and responsibility matures and strengthens. 
On one occasion the first eleven had a practice 
game with Rockford Y. M. C. A. When the 
game was half over, the coach took out the first 
eleven and put in the second. The score for the 
first half was 17-0. At the end it was 34-0, for 
my team had done as well as the 'Varsity, scor- 
ing a triumph and making quite a reputation. A 
return game was arranged. I took the scrubs 
to Rockford. They did splendidly, so that the 
result was in our favor 35-0. Work tells. That 
is enough of athletics. 

" The library work seems less to me since Pro- 
fessor Bacon is no longer there; but a man ap- 
pointed to an honorable position is supposed to 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 51 

stick to the place while he is in school. Professor 
B. picked his men and rather encouraged all his 
assistants to enter into everything they could, 
releasing them from library work if necessary." 
(Oct. 10, 1901). 

The letter-heads show that Henry was elected 
Treasurer of the Y. M. C. A. " It is enough 
work to occupy all the spare time of a very busy 
man. The problem of raising and spending (for 
the Y. M. C. A.) $175-$200 a year is not a small 
one. Seniors always lead in college affairs and 
for obvious reasons. My class contains only 
twenty men, of whom only half are members of 
this society. I hope to break in the chairman of 
the finance committee to take much of the work 
off my hands." 

From the Codex of 1903 we learn that Henry 
was associate editor of the Round Table, Presi- 
dent of the Cliosophic Society, and one of the 
eight speakers on the Home Contest in oratory. 
Of the former he wrote: "At present I have 
only to take three or four hours a week to read 
proof and write occasional editorials. I am 
President of the volunteer band now. We are 
studying Mott's ' Evangelization of the World 
in this generation.' I am surprised at his mod- 
eration, and am inclined to think he is about 
right. I find more time for social recreation this 
year. I very much regret that I have not sue- 



52 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

ceeded in getting in more music than I have. 
The few lessons that I took when a Sophomore 
represent all the training I have had, and now I 
cannot sing. I am trying to cultivate a thought- 
ful life more than ever before, realizing the su- 
perficiality of a life made up of doing innum- 
erable things at lightning speed, without much 
thought I read the "Daily Light " which mother 
gave me every day almost and try to cultivate a 
prayer life of my own. You will remember that 
I wrote of my bitter defeat in the Home Ora- 
torical Contest and my consequent discourage- 
ment. Professor Bacon said to me on my re- 
turn: ' Three hundred and sixty-three days to the 
next contest, Henry.' This year I had but little 
time to give to it and scarcely expected anything 
but ignominious defeat. My work last year was 
not wasted. I got on the first eight this time and 
am planning to get to work for the contest. 
Heredity is cropping out in great chunks." 

Professor Bacon, to whom Henry was greatly 
attached, passed through a period of great 
feebleness, and at last succumbed in October of 
that year. Henry writes : " I think I wrote 
you of the death and burial of my friend Pro- 
fessor Charles Bacon. Since then a memorial 
number of the Round Table has been issued. I 
have taken the place of the editor in chief, so the 
editorial is my tribute to my dead friend. I have 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 53 

attacked my oration seriously and am tremen- 
dously perplexed to know what to do to make it 
five hundred per cent, better than it was in the 
last contest. Here is where I miss Professor 
Bacon most. What I need more than help is to 
concentrate my mental energy on this one thing 
and do the work necessary to achieve excellence. 
The Home Contest comes December 13. Per- 
haps I have not told you of the recent formation 
of an English Club here. The idea is that of a 
voluntary organization to meet for an hour once 
in two weeks. I pushed Professor Wallace's idea 
vigorously. It became immensely popular. 

About a third of the students attended the first 
meeting. I was appointed a committee to draw 
up a Constitution. They accepted my Constitu- 
tion and elected me President. I didn't kick. 
Professor Bacon cured me of that trick long 
ago." (Nov. 9, 1901.) 

The Oratorical Contest came off at the ap- 
pointed time. The judges gave Henry only the 
third place, thus leaving him off from the In- 
tercollegiate. 

He began planning for the following year. 
He thought of the alternatives of Teaching or 
Post-Graduate study. " The possibility has oc- 
curred to me that I ought to go to some Theo- 
logical Seminary. I have not planned for this, 
because I do not believe I am ready for it yet. 



54 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

If you see reasons that I cannot, why should I not 
hasten to China as soon as possible. I suppose 
I could plan for 1905. In one of your latest 
letters you ask what I read. Perhaps you will 
be interested to know what books are on shelves 
of my table now. The most are library books of 
which as librarian I draw a great many." There 
follows a list of some fifty books, covering the 
themes of semester study, or those of oration and 
debate. "My library training has taught me 
how to read large numbers of books rapidly and 
at the same time to get from them most of what 
is worth while. I expect to change at least half 
of them before New Years'. I am sometimes 
tempted to drop all of my numberless responsi- 
bilities and retire into such a life as some of my 
classmates live, of seclusion and leisure, learning 
their lessons and reading many good books. 

" Before I forget it, I want to answer some of 
the questions in some of your letters. I weigh 
about 149 pounds stripped, or about 157 with 
my clothes on. The football players all weigh 
after undressing and before putting on their 
football suits every day and again after practice 
to see how much weight they have lost by hard 
work. The average loss runs from two to four 
pounds* but I have lost as much as six pounds 
in a hard-fought game. Of course I would gain 
it back in the course of twenty-four hours. My 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 55 

throat has troubled me very little since the win- 
ter of my Sophomore year, when I was thought 
to have consumption. That danger is now gone, 
but I am always rather careful. 

" Examination week is always a trying ordeal, 
but it was particularly wearing for me this time, 
because I have been doing almost everything ex- 
cept study. I worked furiously during the week 
reviewing and cramming for exams, and thereby 
added four or five credits to what I could other- 
wise expect. Only one or two in my class got 
higher averages, so that I feel fairly well satis- 
fied. I feel how far short I have fallen of a 
scholarly ideal. I appreciate the force of the 
suggestion made in your last letter that there is 
danger of superficiality in dissipating one's ener- 
gies, and am trying now to do fewer things and 
do them better. I am still Treasurer of the Y. 
M. C. A., but the work of collecting is being 
done by the Committees, and I merely supervise 
and urge the work on. Instead of going on a 
begging expedition whenever a little money was 
needed I inaugurated a plan of having regular 
membership dues of twenty-five cents a term. In 
this way $170 was raised in pledges without any 
difficulty. Then all who were not members were 
asked to contribute, and their generous subscrip- 
tions showed that even the unreligious men ap- 
preciate the value of the work. In trying to 



56 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

change all this I have encountered many obstacles 
and much opposition, but at every point I have 
insisted on being businesslike, and the others 
have let me have my way. I have already dis- 
bursed $250, including the Handbook. The peo- 
ple who don't approve of my methods are de- 
lighted with the results, for this is the most 
prosperous year the Y. M. C. A. has had. We 
have started a very good Missionary Library, 
which is used a good deal. This is the first thing 
I have ever done on a large scale to help any re- 
ligious organization, and it has been an unquali- 
fied success. I am now editor in chief of the 
Round Table, and although it involves some re- 
sponsibility, it does not bother me much. I say 
to one: 'Do this, and he does it, and to another, 
Go, and he goes.' I determine what the policy 
of the paper shall be, write some of the editorials, 
keep the editorial staff at work, and bother very 
little about details. I think I have told you that 
I have gone back to the library for five hours' 
work a week. I did not want to go back into 
something from which I had escaped. Professor 
Chapin besought me as a matter of service to 
the college, which he said needed my service very 
much." (February 15, 1902.) 

The event of the Senior year, aside from 
faithful study and library work, was once more 
the Knox debate. Although it was not custom- 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 57 

ary to give the honor of this debate to the same 
person in successive years, he was urged to enter 
the contest again, and feeling that it was due to 
the college to win at least one such prize, he 
once more entered the lists. It is unnecessary 
to suggest again the enthusiasm and energy with 
which he entered the contest. He was duly elected 
leader of the fateful three. The Knox debate 
was held this year at Beloit. The Beloit spirit 
was manifest in the anticipatory expectation. 
The usual incidents of debate appeared until 
the final rebuttal, which fell to his share. 
Professor Collie, in a graphic sentence, sums up 
the result: " Henry was a power in debate and 
became, perhaps, the most famous of undergrad- 
uate debaters in our history. In this debate, 
1902, Beloit had apparently lost, when Henry 
rose to make his argument in rebuttal. No one 
present will be likely to forget that speech. His 
generalship, his quick wit, with his eager, pas- 
sionate argument simply swept the Knox men 
from their feet and Beloit won the decision. The 
ambition of the college youth was satisfied. 
Eager intensity and strength carried the day." 

Of it Henry himself wrote : " The general 
impression of it remains with me as being one of 
the fortunate events of my Senior year. It en- 
abled me to leave college with the sensation that 
life didn't owe me anything. It was the fiercest 



58 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

and most desperate battle I ever took part in." 
The remaining interests of this year are best 
summed up in his own words. 

" Immediately after the Knox debate, April 
19, 1 began work with the Freshman team, which 
was to debate May 23, and the Sophomores, for 
May 29. There was nobody else to do this and 
the school looked to me in the emergency. From 
one point of view it was sheer sacrifice and loss 
on my part. I was tired and somewhat behind 
in my studies and desirous of making them up. 
On the other hand, coaching two teams would 
be good practice for the Oregon place, and win- 
ning those debates would be the finest kind of 
recommendation and might get me the place. 
Besides, the prestige and honor of Beloit were 
at stake. Each team called on me in a body 
and asked me themselves. I made my own terms. 
They were to follow my instructions in every 
detail, and I was to do for them everything that 
energy and experience in debate could do to en- 
sure their victory. I watched over them, sent 
them to bed early, and to regular and hard work. 
I would not let them go to the theater, nor smoke, 
and made them work hard. It was just what 
Professor Bacon had done for me. The last 
week I used my influence with the faculty and 
had the men excused from recitations. The 
Freshmen were colts and hard to handle. The 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 59 

leader was quick, bright and rather hard to man- 
age, on the whole. The debate took place at 
Beloit. 

'* The Ripon boys tried to prove that compul- 
sory arbitration of labor disputes should be 
adopted in the United States. The Beloit men 
claimed that voluntary arbitration was better, 
and that compulsory arbitration involved a viola- 
tion of personal rights and a sacrifice of individ- 
ual liberty. The Beloit speeches were better, and 
better delivered than those of their opponents. 
Two judges voted for Beloit. A great weight 
was lifted from my mind, but I became doubly 
anxious over the Sophomores, who were to de- 
bate against Carleton. Of course I went to 
Northfield with the team. It was a fast, hard 
battle clear through, and the result was doubtful 
more than half of the time. Gradually the 
splendid condition and training of the Beloit 
men began to tell. They braced up as their op- 
ponents weakened and won clearly in a furious 
finish. The judges' decision was two to one for 
Beloit. Maybe we did not get an enthusiastic 
reception. I never was so lionized in my life. 
The Sophs made old Beloit ring with their yells 
and illuminated the town by burning red fire up 
and down the streets. We had to make speeches 
and receive congratulations and there was music 
and rejoicing, ice cream, and cake. 



60 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

" For over three years I had planned to com- 
pete for the Hay Prize, given each year to the 
Senior who writes the best essay on some topic 
connected with American citizenship. I thought 
winning such a prize would probably please you, 
for it is a considerable honor. It is announced 
at Commencement and printed in the catalogue. 
In the Library I learned that only two days and 
three nights remained before the essay should 
be handed in. There came a fierce determination 
to make the desperate attempt. I selected the 
best of the available topics : ' The Influence of 
the Reconstruction Policy of Abraham Lincoln 
upon the Subsequent Reconstruction Policy of 
the Southern States.' Never in my life have I 
done so big a piece of work at one sitting. I 
began to typewrite the essay in the early dawn 
of the third day. After the essay was handed 
in to Professor Chapin I heaved a sigh of relief 
and turned to my other work. The examinations 
were now coming on. At last I finished my work 
satisfactorily and went off with my class for a 
lark and a rest. We had a wholesome, jolly kind 
of a time together, and came back sunburned and 
happy. Altogether Class day was a pretty 
strenuous day for me and I heaved a long sigh 
when the last enthusiastic burst of applause had 
died away. The next morning I went to Com- 
mencement and found the exercises rather tedi- 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 61 

cms except what concerned me. I drew a sheep- 
skin tied in gold and labeled cum laude. Tak- 
ing it all in all I was satisfied. After the Acting- 
president's farewell, we took our front seats for 
the announcements. Dr. Collie read from his 
lists, ' The Hay Prize of $35, for the best essay 
upon a topic connected with American citizen- 
ship, is awarded to Mr. Henry D. Smith, of 
Pang Chuang, China.' I gulped hard and looked 
unconcerned, while my chum squoze my arm. 
My rival had drawn the other prize, which he 
sought, and we both were happy. Ten minutes 
later a messenger boy handed me a telegram, as 
I walked in with my class to the corporation 

dinner. 

" Forest Grove, Oregon. 

" You were elected instructor last night. Will write 
to-morrow. 

" WM. N. FERRIN, DEAN." 

" My three wishes had come true. I had my 
diploma, my prize, and my position. The four 
years of hard struggle and bitter disappoint- 
ments were over. 

* The corporation dinner is the last ceremony 
of Commencement week. It was a swell affair 
and I enjoyed it to the full and went out feeling 
older, for college life was ended and real life 
had commenced." (September 11, 1902.) 

" The last afternoon at Beloit I called and 



62 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

said good-bye to my friends. Aunt M. cried and 
her father wished me well. Mrs. Chapin and 
Miss Chapin and Mrs. F. gave me their best 
wishes. Aunt Bessie wished me in Chinese ' I 
Lu Ping An ' ; parting with Uncle Harry was 
very sad. He spoke of your long friendship and 
of the blessing of such love and almost broke 
down when it came to say good-by. My heart 
was heavy as I left him, for we may never meet 
again on earth. My most solemn farewell was 
to the college library, silent and deserted now. 
One spot in it is forever sacred to me. Professor 
Bacon's wheel-chair used to stand there and he 
used to work there every day. For three years 
I watched him work there; for two years I 
worked and studied with him ; for one year I was 
his right hand-man, and after he had gone ' Over 
there/ I still worked on that spot. There I had 
vowed to beat Ripon, if it were possible to over- 
come such odds as we Freshmen fought against 
that year, and to that spot I returned forlorn 
and comfortless to gather fresh resolve. On that 
spot I had vowed, as a Junior, to defeat Knox, 
if it could be done. Here Professor Bacon had 
bidden me godspeed with his firm warm hand- 
clasp and his cheery voice, * God bless you, 
Henry, go in and do your very best.' Two days 
later, when I returned beaten, but not conquered, 
his earnest, vibrant voice greeted me with, ' Well, 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 63 

Henry, there are three hundred and sixty-three 
days to the next Knox debate.' His indomitable 
courage was contagious. On this very spot I had 
solemnly sworn that I would fight one more bat- 
tle to the very end, and to this place I had re- 
turned after the bonfire had burned out and the 
shouts had died away, and the crowd had gone 
home, the night of the Knox debate, to thank 
God for my first victory. On this same spot I 
lingered in farewell. The finest students I had 
ever known had worked here and grown under 
Professor Bacon's care into splendid men. The 
place was consecrated by his heroic life and 
death. 

" O God, to us may grace be given 
To follow in their train." 

I thought a moment and prayed on that spot. 
No place has ever been associated, for me, with 
so much of the strenuous endeavor and purpose- 
ful resolve." (September 11, 1902.) 

INSTRUCTORSHIP AT PACIFIC UNI- 
VERSITY 

On leaving Beloit Henry hastened West, to 
spend a short time with his Grandmother Dickin- 
son and his aunt Mrs. Merritt, at Tacoma, be- 
fore entering upon the school year at Forest 
Grove. It was four years since he had left, to 
pass his college years. 



64 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

We have his own full record of the new ex- 
perience as instructor: " Forest Grove, Oregon. 
I don't know how many aeons it is since I wrote 
last, so I shall have to go back to the beginning. 
I think I told you of my playing football last 
term with the boys here. The idea was suggested 
by some of the faculty, and I hesitated for some 
time. But the precedent had been set for me by 
my predecessor, Mr. Lyman, and not without 
some good reason. I wanted to have as strong 
an influence as possible for good, so set to work 
to get in touch with all classes of students, if 
possible. The athletes besought me to come and 
play, the coach implored me to help him out, and 
the faculty advised me to do so. I helped coach 
the team throughout the season. 

" I showed them how football is played at 
Beloit; my experience there last year was worth 
a lot. The only victory that we won was the 
result of a tackles-back tandem play which I in- 
troduced from Beloit and in which I led the in- 
terference again and again, as we used to do at 
Beloit, until somehow we smashed our way to 
victory. I was abundantly repaid, for the foot- 
ball men appreciated my sacrifices and I gained 
a hold over them which I could not have any 
other way. I refused the first invitations to at- 
tend the faculty meeting, and to vote and act 
with them, but a third invitation came in the 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 65 

shape of an unanimous request that I join their 
number and share the responsibilities and burdens 
of their work. They treated me splendidly, and 
have passed every motion that I have made. 

" A chance came in my way to get in touch 
with the other class of students, the girls. My 
predecessor was elected the business manager of 
the girl's basket-ball team as a sort of joke. He 
accepted, but never did anything. This year the 
girls came to me to know if I would help them. 
They elected me manager and I set to work. 
There was no place to play and they were 
obliged to play out of doors. In order to play 
basket-ball girls have to wear a gymnasium cos- 
tume, that is sailor blouses and bloomers with 
knee skirts. Practicing out of doors would at- 
tract a crowd and was hardly creditable to an 
institution with such a history. The trustees, 
' tumbled ' and hastily raised enough to fit up a 
large room, and now for the first time Pacific 
University has a ladies' ' gymnasium.' The result 
is showing right now. Pale, delicate girls, who 
can get no other exercise on rainy days, come 
flushed and hungry from the Gymnasium. The 
girls' team from the Academy here is to play a 
game with the team from St. Helen's Hall in 
Portland. 

:< I have tried at all times to co-operate with 
the Y. M. C. A. here and often go to their meet- 



66 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

ings. I joined the C. E. Society, and am teach- 
ing a class in the S. S. On Sunday, December 
21, I filled the Congregational pulpit and was 
favored with a large audience. I spoke on mis- 
sionary work in China, and some weeks later ad- 
dressed a joint meeting of the Y. M. C. A. and 
Y. W. C. A., describing some helps and hin- 
drances to mission work in China. I am an hon- 
orary member of the boys' debating societies. 
It seems to be the only way in which one can do 
young people much good, that of entering into 
close and friendly relations with them. 

' Within a month I have been obliged to re- 
fuse calls to preach, but have accepted two calls 
to speak on China. I shall continue to accept 
these missionary calls as long as I can. Oratory 
and debating are the chief interest in the school 
just now and I am bending all my energy to 
bring to the institution such success as it has not 
had before. Lyman worked up some good men, 
and I am trying to bring out every man who has 
any oratorical possibilities in him. This week the 
Home Oratorical contest takes place and a 
month later the State Oratorical at Eugene. For 
the Home contest eight men are working furi- 
ously, rehearsing with me every day, which takes 
five and six hours, in addition to regular duties. 
We have two intercollegiate debates, one with 
the University of Oregon, which is the strongest 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 67 

debating school in this part of the United States. 
All the hard work I did at Beloit last year coach- 
ing two winning teams comes in handy now." 
(Februarys, 1903.) 

" I don't think my moral and religious in- 
fluence has been as strong and steady as I meant 
it to be. During the busiest part of the winter 
I drifted away somewhat spiritually and have 
not quite got back yet. Somehow the terrific 
strain of overwork always breaks down my good 
resolutions and I neglect the deepest things of 
life to accomplish my immediate aim. But after 
the aim is secured I find I have lost something 
not easily regained. This year my eyes have 
been opened to this danger and remedy and next 
year I hope to avoid it. 

" Aunt Marie writes me that grandma has had 
another serious attack but has rallied well. When 
school is out I expect to accept their urgent invi- 
tation to visit them for a while. Later in the 
summer I shall go to Oakland and San Fran- 
cisco." (May 21, 1903.) 

" I had a rather exciting time making connec- 
tions in Portland, as I missed the train for Forest 
Grove by a few seconds and had to make a mad 
dash for it in a cab. We overtook it in a mile 
and a half, as it runs slowly through the town. 
It was just beginning to go fast when I jumped 
from the step of the cab to the last car and threw 



68 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

the cabman his fare. The evening train would 
have made me too late to vote in Forest Grove. 
I voted for the first time, casting my vote for no 
license. The town went ' dry.' 

" I think I told you how I came back 175 
miles from Tacoma to vote in the election and 
cast my first vote under the local option law for 
* No License.' I am neither a Prohibitionist nor 
a teetotaler, but I know a moral issue when I 
see one, and I don't believe there is any man in 
Oregon more anxious than I am to * get in the 
game,' when a hot fight is raging over a moral 
issue. We won by a majority of forty-one." 
(July 14, 1903.) 

A part of the summer vacation was spent, as 
he had planned, in San Francisco, in the business 
of his cousin, Mr. Howard. 

Henry was as eager for a fight in business as 
in debating. " In the store, good fortune began 
to come to me about the time that I began to be 
rested and recuperated. After six or seven 
weeks a chance came to me to do some work in 
the office. I have always wanted to work in the 
office. I did not know anything about short- 
hand, so missed my chance. But soon after there 
was a chance for me to do a little work in San 
Francisco as a drummer, and I jumped at the 
chance. It was a hard graft, for he set me to 
introduce a new line of hardware in a field 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 69 

crowded to death with competition. I had only 
a few days to work before going North, and the 
old spirit of dare-deviltry from college days came 
over mej and I went into it with more enthu- 
siasm than anything that I had had a chance to 
do this year. The first customer upon whom I 
called said : * Why, there was a man around here 
yesterday trying to sell a lot of that stuff.' To 
which I responded with cheerful recklessness, ' I 
have no doubt of it. There will probably be an- 
other to-morrow, and I'm four weeks ahead of 
the man who will be here a month from now, but 
we've got the very thing you want and at the 
right price.' I stayed with the gentleman more 
than an hour, and returned with an order for 
more than four hundred dollars' worth of as- 
sorted hardware. In five days I sold little less 
than a thousand dollars' worth of goods, besides 
working up some deals of which the harvest will 
be reaped later. It was lots of fun. Besides it 
is most excellent experience. I left Oakland 
September 12, having stayed two weeks longer 
than I had planned." (October 7, 1903.) 

The new term opened at Forest Grove and 
Henry entered upon the work with renewed 
eagerness. His letters reflect it: "I began my 
new course in ' Vocal Expression and Delivery ' 
in which I am trying to give the students here 
what I got in my post-graduate work in Chicago 



70 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

University. This last course has proved very 
popular. I intended it only for the select few, 
out of whom I hope to be able to make orators 
and debaters who will win this year's contest in 
public speaking, but a whole raft of people 
wanted to take the course. No such course is 
offered at Beloit, but if there had been any such 
thing it might have saved me from some of the 
bitterest experiences of my life. Two of the 
twelve pupils are ladies who expect to teach elo- 
cution, and one of them is doing special work 
with me fitting herself to go to the Emerson 
School of Oratory, in Boston, for a two years' 
course. I do not play football this year, but help 
coach the boys at their request. I am coaching 
the second team. Of course I am under no obli- 
gation to do this, but I like it and need the exer- 
cise. The students appreciate the help. I go to 
the meetings of the Y. M. C. A., to help them 
out, as it is rather small and needs all the help 
it can get. I believe strongly in college associa- 
tions ever since the one at Beloit straightened me 
out." 

In a, December letter Henry wrote more inti- 
mately of his inner life: " Dear Pater: I want 
to talk to you a little. I wrote to mother from 
Tacoma, so you know of our Thanksgiving 
there.* It was a blessing to me, as it always is, 

* Henry's maternal grandmother had one granddaughter, 
largely brought up by herself, who filled her heart. When this 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 71 

to get away from here and to be with them (his 
relatives) for a little. When I got back here, 
everybody was plunged into the midst of prep- 
arations to entertain a large Y. M. C. A. 
convention. The convention was a tremendous 
success in every way in numbers and interest. 
It was said to be one of the best ever held 
in Oregon. Before it was over a number of 
young men, including several from Pacific 
University, had made a start in the Christian 
life. It brought a great blessing to this col- 
dear one's marriage removed her the width of the continent it 
left an aching void. Just at this time the providence of God 
sent the only living grandson to the Pacific coast to live, where 
he could spend his vacations with her. Into the dear grand- 
motherly heart, that never grew old, nestled this strong, eager 
personality, loving her back in full measure and partly filling 
the vacant spot. 

As each vacation came they sent a joint letter to China, which 
was grandma's great delight. It was scientific division of labor. 
Grandma on her bed dictated half the ideas and Henry half. 
He did the writing except at the end. The words, 
" Your Loving mother 
" and son, 

"L. S. DICKINSON, 

"H. D. SMITH"; 

used to fade away in the midst of tears for the reader, as the 
first became fainter and more tremulous and finally ceased to 
appear. It was good for Henry to sit by the bed and learn 
to be quiet and tender and gentle, and he brought much ozone 
into the sick room with him for her. How little we thought 
that after a little parting, grandmother and Henry could go 
right on where they had left off in that little room in Tacoma. 
Grandma had said, " How I wish that boy Henry would stay 
here all the time, since he adds greatly to our happiness." 



72 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

lege and helped everybody immensely. I know 
it did a world of good to me. For months 
I had been drifting. You know how it started. 
For a long time, I had known that I was sliding 
along a dangerous way, but it seemed that I 
could not stop. This convention gave me the 
needed impetus and although my worst problems 
are not solved, I know that I am trying to do 
what is right. 

" It was eight months since I had received a 
call to preach or speak anywhere on Sunday, but 
within five days after the convention and after 
I had resolved to begin again, I received a hurry 
call to preach twice on a Sunday, in a neighbor- 
ing town. I try to leave no duty undone ' What- 
soever thy hand findeth to do'; and I have 
wonderful joy since that convention. It struck 
me as being a remarkable coincidence perhaps 
mother would call it something else. I had never 
before attempted to speak twice on Sunday, nor 
to conduct an entire service anywhere, to say 
nothing of two of them in the same place. But 
I never yet refused any such call when I could 
possibly accept it, so I went. I was extremely 
busy and had almost no time to prepare, about 
four or five hours for my morning sermon, more 
for the evening. Never have I felt more de- 
pendent upon a kind Providence for help or more 
conscious of receiving help and ideas when I 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 73 

needed them. I preached from Matthew xi. 2, 3,* 
explaining what I thought it meant and should 
mean to each one of us. In the evening I talked 
about China, giving them the same address that 
I used last winter. I found the conducting of 
two such services no small strain upon one's 
strength and nerve, and am a little doubtful 
about accepting any more such calls, but perhaps 
I had better not cross the river before coming 
to it. The people were very appreciative and 
want me to come again." 

In the spring of 1904, Henry's cousin in San 
Francisco renewed offers to him to join him in 
business. The inducements were attractive. His 
estimate of them appears in the following letter: 

" Spiritually I am not fitted for the ministry 
and doubt whether I was ever created for that 
calling or any other like it. I don't believe any 
man is ever called to be a round peg in a square 
hole. And yet I am by no means prepared to 
say that I have chosen once for all. And I 
know that to go into business with N. would 
practically be to choose before I am ready. For 
I know that I could make a success of business: 
I like it, I do not take a sordid view of it, as I 
believe you think I do. I am pretty sure that if 
I should go into business for a year or two it 
would be next to impossible for me to get out. 

* Art thou he that cometh, or look we for another? 



74 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

Now the offers which he has made me are in 
some respects the best and the most attractive 
which were ever held out to me; the position 
would be almost ideal from my point of view, 
and the inducements far beyond anything I had 
dreamed of in my most enthusiastic moments, 
amounting to making me a partner in the firm 
to a certain extent. The work would be pleas- 
ant,, the surroundings congenial, and yet 

Well, I have not accepted. 

" I chanced to mention this uncertainty of 
mind in a letter I wrote to President Eaton, 
trying to get a scholarship for one of the stu- 
dents here who wants to go to Beloit. By return 
mail I received a call to Beloit, which I enclose, 
together with various and sundry documents in- 
cluding comments from people interested. I had 
done nothing whatever to fish for that call, al- 
though of course I regarded it as a very high 
honor and was tickled to death to receive it. 
There is no man in this country that I would 
rather work with, and no institution that I would 
rather serve than Beloit. Accepting the call 
would not pledge me to remain there more than 
a year. Only two men have held the place before. 
One, Professor Holden, is now President of 
Wooster University, Ohio. The other, Mr. 
Vogt, is now General Secretary of the United 
Society of Christian Endeavor. The place and 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 75 

the work might lead me straight into the minis- 
try. I can see how filling the pulpits of different 
churches every Sunday might have that effect." 
(June 3, 1904.) 
President Eaton's letter: 

BELOIT, Wis., February 4, 1904. 

" MY DEAR HENRY: Your letter I have read with 
great interest and satisfaction. I am glad you are so 
deeply engrossed in your present work, and am still more 
glad that the work which I have suggested to you, for 
your Alma Mater makes the appeal it does to you, and 
from the motives which weigh most with you. Your letter 
increases my conviction that you will find in the work pro- 
posed a sphere for your best energies, in which you would 
accomplish great good and at the same time grow steadily. 

" Suppose you were to inspire twenty young men a year, 
who otherwise would not be reached, with the motives lead- 
ing to an education, for a career of positive usefulness, 
and that you should repeat this every year for five years, 
which is not at all an improbable supposition. What 
would it mean to have a hundred lives parallel to your 
own, working through your lifetime, all contributing to the 
world's uplift, through the impulse you had given them! 
How profoundly inspiring the thought is! It only sug- 
gests how distinctly the sphere into which we call you is 
one where every day's work has large issues, many of 
which can be measured and estimated far more than is 
the case with ordinary service. What you say about the 
business positions offered you interests me much, as indi- 
cating the justice of my thought in believing that you 
would have good access to business men and could in- 
fluence them strongly toward an interest in Christian edu- 



76 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

cation. The great importance of this can hardly be esti- 
mated. To help gather about the college a body of 
intelligent men of means will assure its development for 
the future in these material interests which are so essen- 
tial to its large usefulness. Personally I look forward with 
keen satisfaction to having you associated with me in this 
arduous but delightful work. We know each other 
thoroughly and we know we could co-operate so that each 
should strengthen the other. As I think I said before, 
I know no other of our younger alumni who would, I 
think, be so personally helpful and effective as yourself. 
I have laid the matter before the committee of the trus- 
tees of the college by whom this matter is entrusted to 
me. Mr. E. and Mr. P. both agree with me in the desire 
that you enter upon this work. As you are the man we 
want and as you cannot come to us until August, there is 
no necessity of our hurrying you to a decision before you 
can have your father's thought. 

" With cordial regards, 

" EDWARD D. EATON." 

The decision was made in favor of Beloit. 

The intimation that Henry was given to over- 
work had evidently reached his parents and they 
had wisely given him, as other friends had also, 
some good advice on that subject. As always he 
was fond of " rebuttal." 

" I think you exaggerate my tendency to over- 
work. I am tired, but in no danger of nervous 
breakdown. I have learned some things by ex- 
perience and am more sane than you think. I 
work hard from morning to night and shall 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 77 

stoutly defend my right to do so. ' Idleness is the 
American Hell/ Of course I work hard. I 
think the results justify me. The football team 
tied with the best in the State. The orator whom 
I trained won the State oratorical contest. Our 
debating team went one hundred and fifty miles 
and whipped the State University on their own 
grounds. When I came the college loyalty was 
low, athletics and debating were in a most dis- 
couraging condition. This year we have won 
everything. Of one thing I am sure: If I ever 
make a success of anything in life, it will not be 
through talent or inspiration, but through hard 
work. I never expect to do less than the very 
best I can. Of course I don't intend to kill my- 
self with overwork. As my judgment matures 
I hope to avoid setting my heart on impossible 
things, and thus stave off an early death. I 
think I said that my tendency is easily explained, 
since I inherited all your energy and all my 
mother's as well. Just now we are hard at work 
preparing for commencement. I have to pre- 
pare twelve speakers to appear in public. In- 
cidentally I might mention that I am to sing in 
one of the closing recitals of the Conservatory of 
Music. You know I have been taking vocal les- 
sons ever since I came here, two a week. Next 
year I intend to take lessons at Beloit if I can. 
Music has cost me $180 this year. It has been 



78 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

worth it, and more a great deal than I could pay. 
I only wish I had started earlier. For the last 
few days we have been working hard on a com- 
mittee which is rustling up a delegation to rep- 
resent Pacific at the Y. M. C. A. at Gearhart. 
This corresponds with the Geneva Convention 
in Wisconsin, which I attended in 1901-2. Ever 
since I was helped so much there I have done all 
I could to promote such things. Last year we 
worked hard raising money and getting men to 
go, but succeeded in sending only four. This 
year we aimed to get ten men. We have prayed 
earnestly and worked hard. For the last week 
we have been having noon prayer meetings, when 
the committee and a few faithful ones have 
planned and talked over the campaign. I have 
done all I could to encourage this thing, for I 
know what it means. My devotional habits are 
not always what they should be, but I am very 
much in earnest about this and am not ashamed 
to pray, nor afraid to fight hard for something 
that I know is right. 

" I seldom have time for recreation, but last 
Saturday I went with a crowd of college boys 
and girls on a straw ride. I went as one of the 
chaperones. A boy who had come in a road cart, 
driving a black colt* in the afternoon took one of 
the girls to ride. The colt got scared, ran into 
a chuck hole, tipped the cart so that it pitched 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 79 

the girl out. I saw her fall and ran as I used to 
run with the football when I had a clean field 
for a touchdown. Her foot caught between the 
spokes and was dragged up to the shaft, which 
would certainly have broken her leg in another 
instant. I had only fifty yards to go and reached 
her just barely in time to yank her out. She was 
shrieking like a maniac with fear; the boy white, 
but determined, gripping the lines with all his 
might to steady the plunging beast. The girl 
narrowly escaped a terrible accident, for she went 
out of the cart headlong and might have been 
hurt, and the colt barely missed stepping on her. 
Never in my life have I been more thankful for 
athletic training. Nothing in the world is so 
good as football to teach a man to think fast and 
to act while he thinks. I am planning to take 
back to Beloit one of the students with me. He 
is one of my best friends here. Last year he 
won the Home contest here. Beloit is a Christian 
college and he needs Christian influences." (May 
29, 1904.) 

Mrs. Lucilla Stanley Gary Dickinson, Henry's 
maternal grandmother, died at Tacoma in June, 
1904. She had passed her eightieth birthday. 
Mrs. Dickinson was a woman of most interesting 
personality. The Carys were Quakers from New 
Jersey. They had all the quiet and sterling 
qualities of their well-known sect. Some of us 



80 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

remember the admirable character of Dr. George 
Cary at Beloit, a friend of multitudes and a 
wise and careful physician. Mrs. Dickinson was 
a cousin of Dr. George. Lucilla Cary married 
Mr. Ansel Dickinson, from Amherst, Mass., who 
on account of ill health had given up his study 
for the ministry and with a brother had moved 
to Mount Zion, a few miles from Janesville, 
Wis., in 1838. Deacon Dickinson was among 
the men who formed the Congregational Con- 
vention, in Wisconsin, fully imbued with the 
spirit of church union. The early death of her 
husband led Mrs. Dickinson to dispose of her 
farm and to move to Beloit to educate her chil- 
dren. The simple happy home on Church Street, 
Beloit, will long be remembered by her many 
friends. Her eldest child and only son early de- 
veloped mental and spiritual qualities of the 
highest merit. It was natural for the son of such 
a mother to take rank as a student. Through 
him we learned something of the mental power 
of the mother, sustained and exact. Henry Cary 
Dickinson, for whom Henry Smith was named, 
was easily the first man in his college class, grad- 
uating as valedictorian in 1863. After teaching 
for a year he was called to Beloit as Instructor 
in Rhetoric. His pupils remember the enthu- 
siasm and exactness of his scholarship, and the 
beauty of his life. The ministry attracted him 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 81 

and he left Beloit for Andover Seminary in the 
autumn of 1865. He graduated from the Semi- 
nary with very high rank in a class which had 
such men as Joseph Cook, Daniel Merriman, 
John Taylor and Ezra Brainard, one of the 
splendid classes of old-time Andover, with a 
membership of forty. Mr. Dickinson accepted 
a call to the church at Appleton, Wis. His brief 
ministry was distinguished. In noble aspect of 
countenance, he closely resembled Frederic 
Roberston. And his friends were often reminded 
of mental fellowship with the rightly distin- 
guished minister of Brighton, England. Mr. 
Dickinson was called to the Professorship of 
Church History at Oberlin Theological Semi- 
nary. He felt, however, that his avocation was 
rather that of preaching. He showed remark- 
ably winning powers of address in evangelical 
efforts in aid of Wisconsin Churches. One such 
series of meetings at Beloit will be long remem- 
bered. The depth of his probing of the human 
spirit and the tender richness of his appeals were 
most effective. Ill health caused him to find re- 
lief in Colorado, where he preached in Central 
City. From Colorado he came home to die, in 
March, 1873. One learns something of the 
mother's thought and life from such a son. Mrs. 
Dickinson spent two or three years in work for 
the American Missionary Society in the South, 



82 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

Mississippi and Texas, before removing to Cali- 
fornia. Later her elder daughter's home was 
her own through all the years of a serene and 
lovely old age. A brief reference is made to this 
noble woman in the following letter : 

TACOMA, July 31, 1904. 

"DEAR MAMMA: Aunt Jennie and I have 
just returned from the cemetery. The grass is 
green and thick where Grandma lies, and the 
clover blooms and the little birds sing, and over 
all that peace and quiet was the golden glory of 
the setting sun, like the smile of the dear God 
above. ' And there shall be no more death, neither 
sorrow nor crying, neither shall there be any more 
pain/ By her grave I prayed God to make me 
worthy of the good women that have been dear 
to me, Grandmother, and mother, and sister He 
gave me. And to-night I go to the new life 
Beloit to begin again and try. I enclose a few 
little flowers from Grandma's grave. They will 
be withered, I know, when they reach you, but 
something tells me they will be dear to you. And 
I send you a lock of her hair, the only one that 
was saved. It was mine, it is yours now. And 
I love you. HENRY." 

LAUNCHING A GREATER BELOIT 

Early in August, 1904, after an absence of 
two years, Henry returned to Wisconsin to en- 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 83 

ter upon his new work, as General Secretary to 
the President. The year at Beloit was full of 
the deepest interest to him. He traveled widely, 
visiting high schools as well as churches in the 
interest of the College. He was well received 
wherever he went. It brought him into imme- 
diate contact with the young people who were 
planning further study. He carried forward his 
work with happy energy, often occupying a pul- 
pit on Sunday with his eager theme: " Christian 
Education for Young Men and Women." The 
Rev. Stanley Lathrop recalls such a Sunday at 
Ashland, with the North Wisconsin Academy. 
His address had a freshness and fine adaptation 
to the work he was advancing. He was acquir- 
ing a masterful way of presenting the claims of 
college life and its value. 

Among other duties assigned him was that of 
creating an interest in the college finances among 
business men. His discipline in business made 
it possible for him now to meet the necessary 
rebuffs with a calmer spirit. Of this side of his 
work he writes : 

" Since I have been working for the college I 
have put in most of my time and energy in the 
effort to raise money. This is the hardest part 
of the work. Everyone dreads it, and keeps out 
of it as far as possible. It has some advantages, 
for it brings one into contact with the biggest 



84 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

men in business, many of whom have built up 
vast fortunes, and many of them men of the 
noblest character. Also, like any other ex- 
perience, if taken in the right spirit, it may 
prove a means of grace. I have had some 
encouragements, as I have been favorably re- 
ceived by many noted men, a number of 
capitalists and financiers. In such cases I 
have been invited to come again in three or 
six months. There are over 400 charities in 
Chicago, all of them soliciting money all the 
time. Half a dozen other colleges have a strqnger 
hold there than we have. Most of the large for- 
tunes are in the cities in these days, and there is 
the place to work. I value material success per- 
haps more than I should. It is not enough for 
me that a man should struggle on faithfully and 
bravely he must win. Life owes me that, I 
will take no less. Time and again I have been 
heartsick and downcast. No friend could help 
me. Only one thing could console me Success. 
Of course there is another side to it. I am sow- 
ing seed which will grow. Others may harvest 
the crop, but I am sowing the seed far and wide 
in the best soil I can find. 

" That is a little consolation, but not much, for 
the future is extremely uncertain and in Chicago 
the mortality among seeds of that kind is exceed- 
ingly high." (February 1, 1905.) 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 85 

It was most natural that Henry should take 
once more a very deep interest in the College 
contests, oratory, and debate. 

Vivid descriptions of debating work are re- 
peated: "In March the Instructor in Public 
Speaking was drowned. This left the depart- 
ment in bad shape. The boys asked me to help 
them by coaching the three teams in the intercol- 
legiate debates. That is the one thing that I am 
most interested in, and more sure of being able 
to do. President Eaton cheerfully assented to 
my spending my spare time in such work. I 
worked at it for nearly two months. Little by 
little things began to look better until it ended by 
being the most successful year in debating that 
Beloit has ever had. We won all three of the 
debates. It never happened but once before 
that Beloit has won three debates in one year. 
That was my Senior year. There have been hi- 
larious celebrations. Beloit has been quite 
stirred up and enthusiastic. This year in the 
Knox debate all three of the judges voted for 
Beloit. It was great fun for me. You remem- 
ber I had some old scores to even up with Knox 
in regard to debating. The debate took place in 
Galesburg this year and was held in the same 
church in which we spoke in 1901. That year 
the decision was unanimous for Knox. This 
year it was unanimous for Beloit. The Beloit 



86 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

men were prepared for every argument advanced 
by KnoXj and answered each one with lightning 
rapidity and terrific force, so that after it was 
over the Knox men cheerfully admitted that they 
had been beaten. I got a heap of satisfaction 
out of that verdict. Another of our teams won 
in a debate against Carleton College, and an- 
other won against Lake Forest University. Al- 
together we have had good cause for congratu- 
lations. You know that defeat in 1901 nearly 
broke my heart, but it gave me more determi- 
nation than I had ever had before. Since then I 
have never been defeated in debate. Since then 
I have led one team and coached seven others 
and have had seven consecutive victories. So 
this seems to me a good time to stop. Yet I still 
have a vague hope that somehow, at some time I 
may have time and opportunity to engage in one 
more inter-collegiate debate. I hope before I 
leave Yale I may have a chance to get on one of 
the teams that debate against either Harvard or 
Princeton. 

" You ask me what I am doing for others. 
Not much, I fear. I have tried to help in the C. 
E. of our First Congregational Church. The 
Society has had a very prosperous year and is in 
a very prosperous condition. Sunday night, 
May 7, I preached in the darky church here. It 
was quite an experience for me. I gave them 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 87 

just a simple gospel talk from Matthew xi, 11. 
I am reluctant to fill any but a very small or very 
needy church, as I realize that I am a youngster 
and don't know anything about preaching." 
(May 14, 1905.) 

" Last night at a banquet in honor of Beloit's 
victories in oratory and debate, I made a plea for 
a f Greater Beloit/ and as enthusiasm was high 
everyone responded well. Next day in Chapel one 
hundred and fifty students signed cards promis- 
ing that each would do all in his power to bring 
one new student to Beloit next fall. President 
Eaton feared the scheme would not work, so I 
waited till he went East and got it up in his 
absence. It is working like a house on fire, and 
I am sure we shall succeed. Thus victory some- 
times treads upon the heels of defeat, and after 
I am gone to Yale, the Freshman class of one 
hundred may enter upon the wise care of the 
President who doubted if it could be done. Kiss 
Pater for me." (May 28, 1905.) 

The plans thus laid began soon to advance in 
the line of reaching high school pupils. With a 
clear vision he directed his efforts to lay a founda- 
tion for a larger college life. The entering class 
of 1904 had risen to the number of seventy-five. 
He thought that by suitable effort the next 
year's class could be raised to one hundred. His 
correspondence became large and personal soli- 



88 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

citation added to the effect of his urgency. 
During the summer vacation he devised several 
plans for advertising and promoting his plans. 
A small folder booklet was prepared under the 
Title: 

"THE REASONS WHY. 

" SOME INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT BELOIT COL- 
LEGE." 

These and a handsome blotting pad, with sug- 
gestive items and a calendar showing the date of 
the autumn term were sent out in large numbers 
and were valuable in directing interest toward 
the College. Recent successes in oratory and ath- 
letics gave their own intimation. A special ap- 
peal was made to the best men graduating from 
the high schools and academies. The summer 
was filled full with the new work. Henry writes : 

" I have not had time this summer to be lone- 
some, for I have been tremendously at work on 
our campaign for new students. If we succeed 
in getting a Freshman class of one hundred it 
will be the greatest thing that ever happened to 
Beloit. The largest class so far numbers eighty- 
one. There is no one who believes we can get 
the hundred. I am firmly convinced that we are 
going to succeed and have no thought of failure. 
We are still far from being sure of success. It 
is blistering hot weather and everything seems 
fearfully discouraging. Never mind. It will all 







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tution can show such a combi- 
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portunities? 

Beloit is RANKED first 
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because it IS first !^ " 

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<I You will find just such men 
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HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 89 

be over before you get this. My love to Pater." 
(August 6, 1905.) 

The effort to secure the complement of men 
suggested went on eagerly until the very day of 
registration. Writing from Rockland, Mass., en 
route to New Haven, Henry sums up the effort 
and its climax. 

" I left Beloit early Friday morning. College 
began there on Wednesday. I had kept still so 
industriously all summer that no one but Presi- 
dent Eaton knew how many Freshman we were 
likely to have. The Freshmen registered on 
Wednesday from 9-12. President Eaton and I 
kept the secret. No one believed it possible that 
we should get one hundred. For seven years the 
number of men had been from 75-80. As the 
Freshmen registered I slipped the enrollment 
cards into my pocket, refusing to allow anyone 
to see or count them. All was confusion and 
bustle so that no one could even estimate or count 
the number of students until it was announced. 
After the address, President Eaton announced 
the total number of Freshmen registered up to 5 
p. M. one hundred and twenty-six. You ought 
to have heard that crowd. 

' That night on the campus they had a bonfire 
as big as a house and the most rousing celebra- 
tion you ever saw. There really was some good 
reason for their enthusiasm, for no college west 



90 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

of Dartmouth has ever done anything like that 
before. An increase of fifty-five per cent, in 
the size of the entering class is good enough ex- 
cuse for a man who is looking for something to 
' holler ' about, and Beloit's students are about 
as loyal and enthusiastic as they make them. 

" It took me all day to settle my affairs at 
Beloit, say good-bye to everybody, and pack up. 
After several months of * horrid drug,' my * nice 
jam ' had come all at once, and I left in a hurry, 
partly for fear that I should have too much." 
(September 24, 1905.) 

The College Round Table voiced the feeling 
of the student body over the success secured. In 
the editorial for September 29, headed " Greater 
Beloit," it says: 

" Hopes for the Greater Beliot have been 
fully realized. The announcement that 126 Fresh- 
men had been enrolled up to that time was a 
pleasing surprise to everyone. When the cam- 
paign was started last May it was hoped to en- 
ter a class of one hundred this fall. The fact 
that this mark has been exceeded by almost 
thirty per cent, is due in part to the hearty co- 
operation of the student body and faculty, but 
most of all the untiring efforts of Secretary 
Henry D. Smith, who has spent the entire sum- 
mer in an ever active campaign for new students, 
and his splendid success is a source of gratifica- 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 91 

tion to every student. Not only has an immense 
amount of correspondence been carried on dur- 
ing the summer, but by personal visits to many 
who were doubtful he has persuaded them of 
the merits of Beloit and has succeeded in getting 
them to come here. Mr. Smith devised a novel 
scheme last spring for enlisting the student body 
by having cards given out among the students 
which all those who were willing to use what in- 
fluence they could towards getting one new 
Freshman were requested to sign. Nearly all 
responded, and these were kept in touch through- 
out the summer with the progress which was be- 
ing made, by letters from Mr. Smith. The best 
wishes of the college community go with him into 
his new field of work at Yale Divinity School, 
where he will continue to do things for the 
Greater Beloit which he has made a reality." 

One of the members of the entering class 
writes: "A great triumph for Henry Smith. 
He deserved it." Everyone was enthusiastic 
over his efforts. In the Codex of that autumn, 
Henry writes of the celebration in fitting meas- 
ure: 

"THE MAKING OF GREATER BELOIT 

" That celebration under September skies is 
memorable only as it marks the beginning of a 
movement destined to grow and triumph. The 



92 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

new idea is really as old as the college : for many 
years the trustees and alumni have felt that Beloit 
ought to have more students, that an effort 
should be made to swell the number of young 
men and women who enjoy the privileges and 
opportunities of college life. It remained for 
the undergraduates themselves to organize and 
conduct an enthusiastic campaign for new stu- 
dents with a definite view in aim. The campaign 
of 1905 centered about the effort to secure one 
hundred Freshmen in the class of 1908. To all 
the undertaking seemed a large one, to many it 
seemed utterly imposible. But few things are 
impossible when the old Beloit spirit is thoroughly 
aroused. During the summer many a student 
worked with untiring zeal. The trustees sup- 
plied without stint the needed funds for the 
campaign, and friends of the College who could 
do no more sent ringing messages of encourage- 
ment and good cheer. The plan was at best 
merely an experiment, a theory, and many a mis- 
take was made and many an opportunity dis- 
covered too late. Yet a kindly Providence 
seemed to favor the movement from the first. 
From the Atlantic coast to the shores of the 
Pacific new students began to send inquiries and 
applications to Beloit. Before the sun had set 
upon registration day a great victory had been 
won, for one hundred and twenty-six Freshmen 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 93 

had been enrolled. Many thoughtful friends of 
Beloit, remembering well its splendid influence in 
the days of small numbers, have asked solicit- 
ously to what this matter may grow. It should 
be said at once that those who have at heart 
the best interests of Beloit College do not wish 
to see it grow into a great university. Nor even 
into a college so large that the advantages which 
it to-day possesses will be lost. But Beloit may 
increase its present enrollment by one half or 
more without losing that precious individual as- 
sociation of each student with his fellow students 
and with every member of the faculty, which is 
the unique advantage of the small college. Many 
a student and alumnus must work faithfully and 
loyally before Beloit can reach her numerical 
ideal; many a strenuous summer campaign is 
still to be waged before that victory will be 
won. 

: ' The flames of the bonfire are dying down. 
The students turn away from the gay celebration. 
In each heart is the conviction that the greatest 
glory of Beloit is in the future, not in the past. 
Men may come and do their work and pass on, 
but the spirit of the college is immortal. In 
loyalty and reverence for the traditions of the 
past, with pride and joy in the glories of the 
present, with courage and enthusiasm and high 
resolve for the future, the sons and daughters of 



94 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

our Alma Mater will press forward to the splen- 
did achievement the making of the Greater 
Beloit." 

In regard to the same, Dean Collie has writ- 
ten : "The Greater Beloit will come in the future 
and it will be Henry Smith's credit that he gave 
it the first great impulse in the forward direction. 
His methods of advertising the college were 
models of their kind and will set a standard at 
Beloit for years to come." 

THE LAST YEAH 

The year at Beloit had strengthened Henry's 
plan for further study. He hastened from the 
West to join the entering class at Yale Divinity 
School. He was to make one of ten men from 
Beloit in the school, eager to complete prepara- 
ton for a life of service. The outlook for the 
young theological student is always most stimu- 
lating. The modern methods of Biblical study 
along historical lines, open doors hitherto un- 
thought of. The range of historical and theo- 
logical studies widens rapidly and the technical 
student finds himself all at once in contact with 
the great problems of the moral and spiritual 
life. He comes into touch with the multitude of 
thinkers, exegetes, dogmaticians, philosophers, 
whose problems must be understood, appreciated, 
and directly applied to the work of practical liv- 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 95 

ing, moral and social. Such a trained mind as 
that of Henry Smith seizes upon the modern 
and active methods of research with delighted 
eagerness. 

In the letter already quoted from he says: " I 
mean to settle down quietly at Yale, live simply, 
study hard, think deeply, pray more, worry less, 
and sympathize always. It is not hard for me to 
do things, it is very hard to live quietly and think 
deeply. The man who does not do so is shallow." 

In the new-found and most congenial Univer- 
sity life he soon found himself quite at home. 
His interest in the new work he mentions in a 
brief letter to the Round Table: 

' We have found Yale simply splendid. One 
can't help being enthusiastic about it. The Yale 
spirit is magnificent, and the opportunities tre- 
mendous. The Beloit delegation are trying to 
give an account of themselves here. Three of 
the four editors of the Divinity Quarterly are 
Beloit men and the Divinity choir is made up en- 
tirely of Beloit men. The work is mighty hard 
here, and does not leave much time for fun." 

Rev. Wilfrid Rowell writes of the same great 
interest: "Beloit men find in Yale Seminary the 
place they need. They find it supplies the things 
that the collegiate course could not give. They 
discover here a goodly fellowship, a thoroughly 
theological and practical training, and an inspir- 



96 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

ation for the greatest work in the world the 
Christian Ministry." 

Under such circumstances, Henry Smith 
found place for some of his exuberant energies. 
We find him as an assistant writer for Professor 
Kent in the preparation of his Old Testament 
Studies, and later as assistant Editor of the Yale 
Divinity Quarterly. 

The Beloit Round Table for December, 
1905, was issued as a Yale number. The ar- 
ticles were furnished by the Beloit men at the 
Yale Divinity School, full of Alma Mater 
loyalty. 

Among these papers, it fell to Henry to write 
of Yale Athletics, which he did in a very enthu- 
siastic article, entitled: "The Yale-Princeton 
Football Game." A few paragraphs will show 
the spirit of the whole. 

" To a Westerner one of the most attractive 
features of Yale life is the intense enthusiasm 
and loyalty of the students and alumni for their 
Alma Mater. A new student feels its influence 
at once and finds it getting a stronger grip upon 
him as months and years pass. This spirit ap- 
pears in many ways and places. In the fall the 
chief interest centers about the football games, 
and it is there that the greatest demonstrations 
of the Yale spirit may be seen. . . . 

" After the game the Yale brass band led the 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 97 

way round the field, followed by two thousand 
Yale men, eight or ten abreast, arms locked, joy- 
ously dancing the serpentine. Before the cheer- 
ing section of the orange and black they pause 
to give a long cheer for Princeton's men, which 
is heartily returned. One side is happy, and 
both are satisfied, for both have done their best, 
and there is no greater victory than that. As 
the happy throng moves homeward one cannot 
help catching a little of the Yale spirit from 
their chorus: 

" ' In after years should trouble rise 
To cloud the blue of sunny skies, 
How bright will seem, through memory's haze, 
The happy, golden, bygone days.' ' 

His growing interest in the University led 
almost immediately into lines with which he was 
happily familiar, and from which he hoped to 
add to the worth of the Divinity department. 
This letter is full of the old fighting spirit : 

" Recently it was announced that a series of in- 
ter-collegiate department debates would be held 
for the championship of the University. Some 
of the Seniors have persuaded me to go into it. 
The Divinity School has never yet won in the 
championship, and the men in other departments 
consider the theologs as pretty poor. So Teddy 
Lathrop and I went in together with a third man 



98 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

from Iowa. Our debate with the Law School 
was pretty warm, but we won an unanimous ver- 
dict of three judges. Next Friday, December 8, 
we are to debate against the Academics, that is, 
Yale College. If we win, it may perhaps bring 
some credit to the Divinity School. Each mem- 
ber of the winning team will receive a handsome 
silver cup appropriately engraved. Lucius 
laughs at my debating any more says I wish 
more scalps to hang at my belt. But I don't feel 
quite like that. I am willing to do some extra 
work if it will give Yale men more respect for 
the Divinity School. So we are out to win if 
we possibly can." (December 3, 1905.) 

The end of the first term in the Divinity 
School found Henry among the recognized 
scholars of his class. Among others, he gained 
an Allis Scholarship, the prize given to each man 
who gained the second grade average. 

In the middle of January of this year (1906) 
Henry had the delighted privilege of welcoming 
his father, Rev. Dr. Arthur Smith, returning 
from his mission work in China. 

Dr. Smith had been invited by his Society, The 
American Board, to return home, and aid in the 
effort to secure a million of dollars as a Centen- 
nial Haystack Memorial. Dr. Smith's first ad- 
dress in the United States was in the Plymouth 
Church, Brooklyn, this church having adopted 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 99 

him some years before as their Missionary. 
Henry met his father in New York the day be- 
fore that address. It was twelve years since they 
had seen each other. 

In the letter which follows we come into touch 
with that beautiful family life which no decade 
of separation nor earthly change can diminish. 

"NEW HAVEN, January 30, 1906. 
MY DEAR MOTHER: Of course you will want 
to know all about Pater's arrival and our meet- 
ing. He has told you of his triumphal trip 
across the continent, and of what he saw and did 
in San Francisco and Los Angeles. I went to 
New York Friday night, January 18, and met 
him at the Grand Central depot. I should have 
recognized him from his latest photograph, but 
my own memories were pretty vague. We went 
right up to my room at the hotel to talk it over 
and then Pater said: ' Come, Honey Bee, let's 
have a prayer.' ' Isn't that just like him? ' Of 
course we had a tremendous lot of back conversa- 
tion to make up, and I don't see when we are 
ever to catch up. He talks about 250 words to 
the minute and I do the same that makes five 
hundred; but there aren't minutes enough. As 
I had not been in New York for twenty years, 
I did not know anything about the town. But 
Pater knows the place pretty well, even if it has 



100 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

changed a good deal in thirty-five years. We 
waltzed around town at a great rate, called at 
Revell's, at the Presbyterian headquarters, where 
Pater explained some things about the massacre, 
lunched with Mr. Beach, and did no end of 
errands. Pater does not seem to have lost any 
of his energy. In the evening we went over to 
Brooklyn. Mrs. Hillis had been so kind as to 
invite me to spend Sunday too. They have the 
most delightful home, beautiful pictures and art 
specimens arranged in exquisite taste. Sunday 
morning Pater spoke in Henry Ward Beecher's 
pulpit, and I sat in the Beecher pew and was 
much impressed with the historic surroundings. 
Pater spoke in the morning on the relations be- 
tween the East and the West. He spoke very 
rapidly, but it was very interesting. People in 
the gallery leaned over listening eagerly to every 
word. After the service nearly the whole congre- 
gation remained to shake hands with him. The 
people were introduced and hustled along, but 
even then it took forty-two minutes for the line 
to pass him. That evening he spoke of the work 
of the American Board in China. He spoke 
more slowly and made a tremendous impression. 
Hundreds of people stayed to shake hands, and 
so he held another soiree, so to speak. My birth- 
day was a very happy one, though I could not be 
with Father. I found on my desk the dearest 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 101 

little picture of my * guardian angel' [his 
mother] and a * Chinese Poor Thing ' (Mrs. Hu, 
a Bible woman). It was the sweetest thing you 
could have sent, Mater, and I almost feel as if 
the long years since 1897 were bridged at one 
step. It is as natural as can be of Mrs. Hu, 
and it seemed to me that you had changed just 
the least little bit, but not near so much at Pater. 

" I have much work to make up. I have de- 
cided to try for a place on the Yale debating 
team, which debates against Harvard in March. 
Of the 75-100 men who compete for places, 
three are chosen. The competition is terrific. 
It is hard work, but I think I can help the 
Divinity School a little. Anyway I am going to 
try. 

" Good-night, Mater, lots of love. We both 
pray for you every day. As ever, 

" HENRY." 

The delight of the son in being with " Pater " 
once more was matched by the joy of the father 
in seeing his strong, stalwart son, already win- 
ning repute for energy and success in his lines 
of effort. A son has no greater joy than to 
measure the strength of his father's hold upon 
men, and estimates the deep esteem of vast 
numbers .of people over good work faithfully 
done. One of the fathers of the Church, a 



102 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

layman of blessed memory, has embalmed such 
esteem in the fine sentence, "There is an elo- 
quence in service." There could be no greater 
joy to a father than to find his little son grown 
to be a strong man among men, already finding 
his way to large service. 

During the spring Henry and his father were 
together for ten separate visits a few days at a 
time, entertained by kind friends, who enjoyed 
their happy, social intercourse. Dr. Smith was 
several times with Henry in New Haven. The 
last of their days together were spent there, 
precious days made merry and wise, with no 
shadow of the coming longer separation. God 
veils our joys from us as well as the shadows 
which, like the ocean mists, so stealthily steal 
upon us. 

The most engrossing external matter during 
the spring was the Yale-Harvard debate, open 
to all post-graduate students. As a competitor 
in the preliminaries, his previous experience 
stood him in good stead, and he won the leader- 
ship in this debate. One of his fellow debaters 
was a Senior in the Divinity School, and the 
other was in the Law Department. His pre- 
decessor at Forest Grove, also a Beloit man, had 
led the Harvard team a few years before and had 
won. He hoped such a result might fall to 
his lot also. The subject for debate was the 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 103 

" Municipal Ownership of Public Utilities in the 
City of New York." Following out his previous 
methods, Henry visited New York and called 
upon Mr. Belmont, the financial head of the New 
York City Railways, thus learning from head- 
quarters all the facts and figures necessary for 
the debate. The debate was held at New Haven 
in March of 1906. Perhaps to no other debate 
did Henry give so much time and labor. He 
felt the need of the most elaborate effort, and 
as leader spared himself no labor. He prepared 
briefs for himself and his two fellows, and spent 
many hours of day and night in writing and re- 
writing the essential parts of the arguments. 
Yale was not the winner of the debate, but the 
debaters won fine repute for their splendid effort. 
The Congregationalist of April 7 had a para- 
graph regarding it : " Rev. Dr. Arthur H. 
Smith has a son in Yale Divinity School who 
represented Yale in the annual debate with Har- 
vard last week. He has the fluency and the 
brilliancy of his father, and a resourcefulness 
which is characteristic. Set in this debate to at- 
tack municipal ownership he went right to head- 
quarters Messrs. Belmont and Ryan for facts 
about the situation in New York, as private mo- 
nopolists see it. When told by the Yale coach 
that a certain line of arguments advanced by 
Yale had at least five objections filed against it, 



104 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

young Smith said there were at least twenty-five 
objections, named them, and then turned round 
and rebutted them." 

In the Alumni Weekly of Yale University 
is given a complete report taken verbatim of the 
various speeches of both negative and affirma- 
tive. It says of Henry: " Mr. Smith won com- 
mendation by his able summing up of argument." 
His very familiar delivery seems to have slightly 
amazed the less rapid-going Easterners, for we 
find the editor saying, when he explains the in- 
completeness of the arguments as reported in his 
paper. " In such a rebuttal as that of Smith of 
Yale, however, whose talk was more rapid fire 
than is heard on the debating or any other plat- 
form, it is doubtless true that here and there a 
sentence was skipped." One of his dear friends 
and fellow students in speaking of the debate 
wrote: " It was simply fascinating to hear Henry 
in his swift and convincing speech. He talked 
like a streak, but every word was clear, and the 
movement and effectiveness were remarkable. He 
has a rare gift in being able to say vigorously 
what he knows, and to think so cogently on his 
feet." The Rev. Jason Pierce, the other Divinity 
student on this Yale Team, now a Pastor at New 
Haven, in writing for the Divinity Quarterly a 
year later, regarding "Debate at New Haven," 
said of Henry Smith, " He was in some respects 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 105 

the most brilliant man whom it has been my ex- 
perience to have met." 

A letter to his mother gives Henry's own 
story of the debate, with his plans for the sum- 
mer: 

" DEAR MOTHER : Pater was here four days 
last week and will be here three days this week 
and two next. He has been whirled around so 
fast that he has only made flying trips here be- 
fore, and this is almost the first real visit we have 
had. Even now we are both too busy to visit as 
much as we should like to. 

" I was exceedingly disappointed at the out- 
come of the Yale-Harvard debate. I have asked 
Aunt M. to send you the clippings about it. I 
got acute laryngitis in New York three weeks 
before the debate, and lost my voice, I recovered 
my voice the afternoon of the day of the debate, 
but it didn't sound much like mine and I was 
pretty shaky. After the debate I had an attack 
which laid me up for nearly three weeks. I 
missed nearly all my classes for nearly six weeks. 
That makes a mountain of work to make up. I 
cannot say the prospect is cheerful. I think I 
mentioned before that I expect to return to Beloit 
this summer to work for the college. They will 
give a campaign fund to work with and as 
many stenographers and assistants as I want. 
We are to aim for a class of one hundred and 



106 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

fifty. I think we can do it. I am on a committee 
here to start a similar campaign for the Yale 
Divinity School. I did not want to get roped 
into this at all, but the situation here is bad, and 
something must be done right away. The Divin- 
ity School is decreasing in the number of stu- 
dents nearly ten per cent, yearly. I am to write 
a little pamphlet, setting forth the advantages 
of Yale Divinity School, before I leave here, and 
will start the ball rolling. After I leave the 
Professors are to follow the thing up. 

" I suppose you have been informed of the 
uniform and complete success of Pater's tour. 
He has been enthusiastically received everywhere 
and has met with a most gratifying response, and 
I think it is largely due to his work that the 
American Board has pulled through its greatest 
crisis. 

" Probably Pater has told you of what I 
should like to do in the future. If the American 
Board will appoint me to North China, I should 
like to go out in 1908. I should want to live at 
Pang Chuang the first year ,or two to study 
Chinese with Pater." (April 29, 1906.) 

The good work which Henry had done for 
Beloit had attracted the notice of the Seminary 
faculty, and he was asked to prepare a brief 
pamphlet setting forth the advantages of theo- 
logical study at Yale. He accepted this inter- 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 107 

esting task and before the Seminary year closed 
there was published a handsome booklet of some 
twenty pages under the title " Why Choose Yale 
Divinity School." It was issued under the direc- 
tion of the Students' Committee on Publicity 
and Promotion of which Henry was chairman. 
The advantages were collated under seven gen- 
eral heads, each skillfully expanded by the 
editor, in finely selected quotations from educa- 
tional experts, or in his own growingly wise sug- 
gestions. 

YALE DIVINITY SCHOOL 

" I. Offers invaluable University privileges ; 

"Wide range of studies; Broad culture; Influence of 
great Masters; Contact with many kinds of men; Humani- 
tarian study and scientific method, and training to deal 
with great problems. 

"II. Yale Divinity School has a strong Faculty. [Here 
followed a list of the members of the Faculty with a note 
of the graduate honors and of the published works and 
articles of each Professor.] 

" III. Yale Divinity School maintains a broad course 
of study. For more than two centuries Yale has stood 
for honest, exact, scholarly study. The Divinity School 
is particularly strict in this requirement. The spirit of 
the Divinity School is strongly against bigotry and preju- 
dice. It is conservative with that liberality which dares 
to prove all things and hold fast that which is good. 

" IV. Yale Divinity School furnishes excellent oppor- 
tunities for special preparation. 

" The Department of Missions offers extraordinary op- 



108 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

portunity for study of a most important subject. The 
courses on Asiatic history are of great advantage to stu- 
dents. The Department of Christian Sociology offers 
courses of great interest. The Department of Pedagogy 
affords comprehensive training. The system of scholar- 
ship aid is so arranged as to cultivate self respect and 
independence. 

" V. Yale Divinity students enjoy exceptional religious 
privileges. 

" Daily service in the Marquand Chapel, Weekly meet- 
ings in the Y. M. C. A.; The University chapel services 
on Sunday; The churches of New Haven; The Volunteer 
Band. 

" VI. Yale Alumni do good work. 

" VII. A unique combination of special advantages. 
Yale enjoys a delightful location; is near New York City; 
the social life of the Divinity School is exceedingly pleas- 
ant and attractive. The atmosphere of New England is 
conducive to calm and thoughtful study of great problems. 
The religious atmosphere of the Divinity School is a 
powerful influence for the development of Christian man- 
hood. 

" No man ever regrets having chosen Yale." 

The Divinity Anniversary this year was on 
June 9. The examination came the previous 
week. Henry writes of the end of the school 

year and his summer plans: 

" June 2, 1906. 
"DEAR PATER: 

" I was very glad to get your letter from La 
Mesa, and drop you a line, although we are in 
the dizzy whirl of the last days of school. I 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 109 

have taken five exams out of seven. Hebrew 
comes on Monday and later at Beloit an exam 
in Browning, which will be sent to me. After 
that is off, June 12, I must prepare and publish 
a pamphlet for Beloit. This must be published 
and in the mails not later than July 1. About 
July 1 I expect to send out letters to about 
five thousand young men who are just gradu- 
ating from high schools. After that the work 
will be merely correspondence. About July 30 
I expect to take a stenographer and a type- 
writer to Lake Geneva or some other cool place 
or shady resort and spend two weeks in a riot- 
ously good time, tramping, boating, fishing, and 
living in the woods. After August 15 I hope to 
have an assistant for the last month, a young man 
who graduated last year. I want to break him 
in to the work, so that perhaps he can take it next 
year, if I want to do something else. 

" Last night we four spent an hour in the 
college yard at one of the Yale ' sings.' The 
orchestra played until it was dark, then we sang 
college songs (about two thousand of us) , sitting 
around the old fence and on the grass. Last 
of all we gathered in a close group and sang 
' Bright College Years.' Yale men always take 
off their hats when they sing that song, and as 
they sing the last line they raise their hats and 
pledge themselves to each other as man to man, 



110 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

' For God, for country, and for Yale.' The 
commencement exercises of the Divinity School 
are on Sunday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. The 
four speakers from the graduating class are all 
from our crowd, three of them Beloit men. I 
have made out my application and sent it in to 
the Prudential Committee of the American 
Board, for appointment to The North China 
Mission." 

The Divinity year at New Haven closed on 
the 6th of June. Henry hurried West to Beloit 
to carry on once more the campaign for that 
Greater Beloit which had begun so auspiciously 
the autumn before. His plan of campaign lay 
fully before him on the strenuous model of the 
previous year. 

His first effort was the issuing of a booklet, 
similar to that just issued at New Haven, under 
the title 

"Will It Pay?" 
"(Some interesting facts for High School Graduates). 

This was issued as the Beloit College Bulletin, 
July, 1906. Vol. 8, No. 5. 

It easily divides itself into two parts: 

"I. Will it pay to get a College Education ? 

"II. Why Choose Beloit? 

" I. Will it pay to get a College Education? 

For the man who studies Law? 

For the man who means to study medicine? 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 111 

For the man who is going into the ministry? 

For the man who expects to teach? 

For the man who is going into engineering? 

For the man who intends to go into business? 

For the man who does not know what he is going to do ? 
" II. Why Choose Beloit College? 

Beloit possesses the advantage of an independent 
college. 

Beloit has the best equipment, a strong Faculty, main- 
tains a high standard of Scholarship, has a fine body 
of students. 

Beloit's graduates succeed. 

Beloit offers an unique combination of special ad- 
vantages/' 

Each of these suggestions were carefully elab- 
orated, and a fine series of quotations were fit- 
tingly summed up in the (selected remark of 
President Cyrus Northrop of the University of 
Minnesota, from his address at the Yale Bi- 
Centennial Celebration : 

" If I were seeking in the whole West for a 
Young Yale, I should go at once to Beloit ; and 
I have no hesitation in saying that there is no de- 
nominational or independent non-sectarian col- 
lege in the West that is better than Beloit." 

Aside from sending out these pamphlets in 
large numbers Henry hoped to increase an inter- 
est through personal correspondence. A personal 
secretary and occasionally three or four type- 
writers became necessary for him to keep up with 



112 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

his overflowing correspondence. Such work, 
coming after the year of effort at New Haven, 
was no doubt a drag upon his physical powers. 
His father sailed for China early in July. He 
himself in August, with his stenographer, went 
to Lake Geneva for the relief and recreation 
which that beautiful resort affords, if it does 
not compel. 

Henry's summer letters tell of his work: 
"DEAR PATER: In one of your letters you 
refer to Dr. Patton's correspondence with me. 
I filled out the necessary papers and sent them 
in. I gave fifteen or twenty references, and I 
know that Dr. Patton has written to some of 
them, as I learned from Dr. Leavitt, who was 
one of them. Your letter of June 15 told of 
your visit in Forest Grove the week before. P. 
wrote me that your talk to the students was the 
most interesting they had heard for years, and 
that they could have listened to you for another 
hour with the greatest interest. Your account 
of your visit at Walla Walla was very interest- 
ing. It rather staggers me at times to think of 
my distinguished father, Rev. Arthur H. Smith, 
B. A., M. A., B. D., D. D., LL. D., P. Q. D., X. 
Y. Z., etc., after dinner speaker, and Missionary 
set loose on China, at large!! I guess you will 
be glad to get back to Pang Chuang. If I 
should go out in 1908 I hope you will be living 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 113 

somewhere where I can go and live with you for 
a year. I should want to live with you for the 
first year, if possible, and devote my entire time 
to the study of Chinese. Dr. Patton seems very 
keen to have me identified with the Board as 
soon as possible and sent out just as soon as I am 
through Yale. I should like very much to come 
back to Beloit for one year more. I love the 
college and Beloit seems more like home to me 
than any other place in this country. There is 
a great deal to be done here and I should like 
to do it. 

" When I reached Beloit I contracted the 
worst kind of a ' Girl-fever ' that I ever had. 
Spring weather and the College atmosphere are 
demoralizing. I would start across the campus 
to see what my stenographers were doing, but 
on my way would meet some fair maiden whom 
I used to know. When we returned after an 
hour or two from down by the river side I would 
be very likely to meet another one. As I knew 
how long and hot and lonesome the summer 
would be I did not take any pills to cure that 
June madness, but had all the fun I could be- 
fore Commencement came and it was all over. 
Dignified professors observed my antics with 
amusement, and kind old ladies regarded me with 
an indulgent smile, for Beloit people are very 
nice. My attack of feminamania did not pre- 



114 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

vent me from keeping three stenographers at 
work at the top of their speed the entire time. 
Commencement came off nicely. This one had 
no sadness for me. I did not feel that many 
intimate friends were going out of my life and 
was only happy in meeting old friends and 
acquaintances." 

"BELOIT, Wis., July 15, 1906. 

"DEAR MOTHER: I think I told you about 
Pater's different visits to me at Yale, and what 
delightful times we had. I was mighty proud to 
show him off to everybody, and I think he en- 
joyed meeting my friends. He had many en- 
gagements, but we managed to get in some fine 
visits, which I shall never forget. Have I ever 
written you about Mrs. Frank Porter, of New 
Haven? She had heard of Beloit's increase of 
students last fall and conceived the idea of try- 
ing the same thing in Yale Divinity School. I 
prepared a little booklet of twenty pages setting 
forth the merits and advantages of the Divinity 
School as a fine place to study theology. A 
thousand copies of this pamphlet were published 
and sent to young men just graduating from 
different colleges and to graduates of Yale who 
were asked to help. I am hoping they will get 
a good entering class. 

" Seven of our ten Beloit-Yale men came back 
to Beloit to Commencement. It was a delight 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 115 

to me to get back, for the longer I am away the 
more Beloit seems to me like home. We were 
very much shocked to hear of the sudden death 
of Professor Stevens of the Yale Divinity School. 
He was considered one of the greatest theolo- 
gians in the country, and will be a terrible loss 
to the Divinity School. He was a delightful 
teacher. I enjoyed his lectures immensely. 

" This summer I am working for Beloit again, 
and we hope to get a class of one hundred and 
fifty Freshmen. In order to do this we are en- 
tering upon such a campaign of correspondence 
as I never heard of before anywhere else. We 
have the names of all the students who graduate 
from high schools in six neighboring States this 
year. I am having printed a picture folder con- 
taining forty-six views of Beloit, and a thirty- 
six page pamphlet setting forth the advantages 
of a Beloit College education. These are to be 
sent with a personal letter, enclosing stamped 
envelope for reply to each one of those boys. 
All will go together, so that next week I expect 
to send out 6000 personal letters and 9000 of 
each kind of pamphlet. That tremendous volume 
of mail will open the battle what will follow re- 
mains to be seen. I have four stenographers 
under me, working at the top of their speed, and 
must have another to-morrow as four can not do 
my work. Outside of working hours I find de- 



116 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

lightful things to do, for there are some mighty 
nice young people in this town whom I have 
known for years. Although we hope that this 
summer will mean great things to Beloit College 
it is not going to wear me out as it did last 
summer. The Old Beloit is fast growing into 
the Greater Beloit that I have dreamed about 
and worked for. Old John Pfeffer still rings 
the bell, but he is almost the last of the Old 
Guard. It is late and I must stop. Give my 
love to everybody and keep lots for yourself." 

In the previous letter to his father Henry also 
wrote : 

" Professors Porter and Pearson have been 
granted pensions from the Carnegie fund. Their 
retirement removes the last of the Old Guard/ 
The Trustees have authorized the enlargement of 
the faculty by the addition of four new men. 
This is the first conspicuous result of the increase 
in the number of students. My work is pro- 
gressing fairly well. I was obliged to go in to 
Chicago for some days to use the city libraries, 
as I could not get hold of the facts and statistics 
here. 

" About August first I hope to take the best 
stenographer to a nearby summer resort for a 
few days. 

" With lots of love HENRY." 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 117 

GENEVA LAKE 

Henry went to Lake Geneva for his rest. The 
morning of the 7th of August he had at- 
tended the usual praise service, in which there 
were that morning some special suggestions, very 
comforting and refreshing to those weary in soul 
as well as body. Returning from this service, 
a morning swim was in order. Miss Ruth Ma- 
cumber, of Beloit, and Miss Van Aiken were 
going in also. Miss Van Aiken, not feeling well, 
was still upon the shore. Miss Macumber was al- 
ready in the water, and Henry some little distance 
from them. Miss Van Aiken very soon discovered 
that her friend Ruth was struggling in too deep 
water and called for help. Henry, without a 
moment's delay, pushed out to the rescue. As so 
often happens the weaker and struggling one 
pulled down the strong one, able to help. Miss 
Van Aiken, on the shore, noticed the struggle 
gave what help she could and summoned others 
through her cries of distress. Henry's body was 
in the water scarce more than twenty minutes. 
It was found that Miss Macumber had quite 
succumbed. There was, however, great hope 
that Henry might be won back to life. Dean 
Collie and his wife devoted themselves to the 
courageous task, and skilled physicians made the 
long effort to attain the result. After many 



118 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

hours there was a faint flicker of life and to the 
great joy of the rescuers, a slow return to con- 
sciousness. Then followed the delicate task of 
maintaining the life thus feebly restored. Under 
ordinary circumstances there was a fair chance 
that the dear patient might be fully recovered. 
He had, it is true, greatly exhausted his nervous 
energy in the continuous effort of the summer. 
When he slowly opened his eyes and began to 
speak in a feeble way he could not recall the situ- 
ation, wondering where he might be. The night 
wore away and a new morning dawned while the 
effort to sustain his strength went on. At last 
it became evident that his vital force was slowly 
ebbing once more. At the end of twenty-one 
hours of this remarkable effort, due to the patient 
solicitude of Dr. and Mrs. Collie, the precious 
life succumbed to exhaustion. Thus ended, on 
August 8, the splendid energies of a noble young 
life, so full of hope, courage, and persistent joy 
in service. 

The body was taken at once to Beloit, where 
the funeral services took place in the College 
Chapel on Friday. It was an interesting and 
peculiar providence that Rev. W. C. Merritt, the 
husband of Henry's Aunt, Mrs. Marie Dickin- 
son Merritt, was passing through Chicago 
from the far West when he heard of the ac- 
cident and hastened to the bedside of the dear 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 119 

young man. He found, however, that the 
body had been taken on to Beloit and fol- 
lowed thither. On Friday, August 10, the 
few friends still to be found in town during 
the summer vacation gathered to show their 
deep regard for Henry and fullest sympathy 
with the parents in China, who could not know 
for some weeks of their great loss. The simple 
and impressive ceremonies were enhanced by 
the lovely gifts of flowers and by the added 
depth of sorrow of the parents and friends of 
the lovely young woman on whose behalf Henry 
had so unwittingly laid down his life. The par- 
ents of Miss Ruth Macumber laid a beautiful 
wreath upon the casket with the well-chosen 
motto, " Greater love hath no man than this, that 
a man lay down his life for his friends." 

The question naturally arose: Where should 
be the final resting place for the precious body? 
Henry's uncle had been buried at Appleton; his 
sister was laid away in Oakland, Cal. Should 
Beloit be chosen or one of the other now sacred 
places? Even Mr. Merritt did not feel author- 
ized to determine the choice. It was therefore 
left to be decided later, when his parents could 
make the decision. In the meantime a private 
mortuary tomb in the Beloit cemetery was kindly 
placed at the disposal of Dr. Collie, and the re- 
mains were borne thither. The sunset glow of 



120 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

the radiant Wisconsin air fell softly around the 
closing scenes of this ardent and inspiring life. 
Spoken words seem inadequate to express the 
thought or emotion whose depth are seldom 
reached except in the quiet of the hidden man of 
the heart. It is enough to say in the words of the 
Apostle, " Thanks be unto God who giveth the 
Victory." It is the victory over the mortal life, 
over time and sense, which unfolds as the years 
pass on. 

An effort was made by Dr. Collie and Rev. 
Mr. Merritt to give Henry's parents word by 
cable of their great loss. It appeared best, how- 
ever, others, who had perhaps a larger ex- 
perience of such matters, to delay, letting the 
impress of sorrow reveal itself through the let- 
ters which were sure to hasten Chinaward. The 
event proved that this was quite the best. Dr. 
Arthur Smith was just about arriving in Shang- 
hai, at the time of Henry's death. He planned 
at once to go to a summer resort near Kiu-Kiang 
in central China. Mrs. Smith was still at Pang 
Chuang, but shortly after went to Shanghai and 
joined her husband on the 15th of September. 
Her husband met her at Kiu-Kiang, whence 
they returned to the mountain retreat. On ar- 
riving at Kuling, in the evening, they received 
the first intimation that some disaster confronted 
them in a telegram from friends at Peking 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 121 

" Love and Sympathy, Prayers." They waited 
three days in wondering, fearing expectation, 
when on the 18th letters came bearing the sor- 
rowful tidings. Dr. Collie had sent, as others 
did, a full account of the disaster and of the 
funeral services. A few sentences from Dr. 
Smith's personal letters will give a glimpse into 
the thought of the parents. 

" During the three days of interval, when we 
knew that something was coming but did not 
know what it was to be, we said to one another 
that no matter what it was, we were not afraid 
of it and we were not. So many, many people 
must have been praying for us; indeed most of 
the letters which reached us this evening spoke of 
that, almost the only thing that friends could 
do. I sent a cablegram to Dr. Collie, with the 
word * Beloit,' because it seemed much more fit- 
ting that he should be buried there, where much 
of his important work was done, than in a place 
with which he had no association. We feel very 
sure, as so many letters and President Eaton's 
telegram and letter repeat, that Henry's influence 
will be much greater for good on the life of the 
college than if he had lived." 

On receipt of the cable from China it was at 
once arranged to transfer the body to a perma- 
nent resting place in the Beloit cemetery. On 
Saturday, September 22, the final services, brief 



122 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

and simple, were held, attended by members of 
the faculty and such students as had received 
word of the interment. A memorial service was 
further held in the college chapel at Vespers, 
Sunday, September 30. The services included 
also a memorial of Rev. B. Royal Cheney, pas- 
tor of the Beloit Second Church, who had died 
in Italy, and was buried at Florence. The 
lovely cemeteries of our land, tenderly cared for 
alike by public and private interest and love, be- 
speak the living faith as well as the deepest emo- 
tions of the inner life. A sweet solemnity gathers 
round each single tomb, and the universal voice 
rejoices in witnessing to the " Hope of a blessed 
immortality." Spiritual longings surround these 
blessed dead with a reality which even the stress 
of active living cannot surpass. Whatever be 
the veil which hides from us our own, with glad 
Christian confidence we recall the words of the 
Master to whom we owe this hope. To such a 
hope there are no Dead. God is the God not of 
dead men, but of living souls. 



FUNERAL SERVICES AND 
ADDRESSES 



FUNERAL SERVICES* 

The funeral services over the remains of Henry Dick- 
inson Smith were held in the college chapel Friday after- 
noon, August 10, 1906. The service was very simple 
and impressive because of its simplicity. The casket 
was fairly buried in a background of golden glow, pure 
white lilies and carnations. There, in the peace and 
quietude of the beloved chapel, with the windows of the 
chapel radiant with the rays of the afternoon sun, a 
large gathering of college and town people assembled 
to pay their respects to the memory of one whom they 
had come to love and appreciate as a friend; as a ser- 
vant of the highest ideals of Beloit College, whose life 
had been devoted to the furtherance of these ideals in 
the attempt to found a greater and better Beloit. 
Death has stayed the hand of the sculptor, the master- 
piece remains unfinished, but the inspiration of the noble 
life such as Henry Smith's will remain forever in the 
hearts of all true sons and daughters of Beloit. Dean 
Collie spoke in behalf of the college, Rev. E. P. Salmon 
in behalf of the trustees. Rev. W. F. Brown offered 
prayer, and Mr. Darwin Leavitt, '04, who was with Mr. 
Smith at Yale, told of his life there. The Treble Clef 

* The following reports of these services, with the addresses 
given at them, are reprinted from the Beloit College Round Table 
for October 5, 1906. 



126 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

choir sang the beautiful hymns, " Hark, Hark, My 
Soul" and "Peace, Perfect Peace." Rev. Robert C. 
Bedford pronounced the benediction. At the close of 
the service, a telegram from President Eaton was read 
by Dr. Collie. 

St. Johnsbury, August 9. 

" Please express at the service our love and grief for 
this loyal knightly son of Beloit. His great heart and 
eager brain were tirelessly devoted in the noblest service. 
Deploring the bitter loss to earth, we reverently recog- 
nize his call to a higher mission." 

The remains were temporarily placed in the Broder 
vault at the cemetery, but on receipt of instructions 
from the parents in China, were removed to the grave 
on September 22. Brief services were held at this 
time in the presence of the faculty and the student 
body. 

PRAYER AT THE CHAPEL 

BY REV. W. F. BROWN, D. D. 

O God, the giver of all good, we thank thee for those 
good things that are given only to be soon taken away. 
We thank thee for daylight, though it quickly changes 
into darkness ; we thank thee for the flowers that give 
us their bloom and fragrance and then fade; we thank 
thee for the springtime with all its new life, that soon 
changes into the heat and discomfort of summer; we 
thank thee for children, the young lives given for our 
care and for our comfort, those boys and girls who 
quickly grow up and go off to homes of their own, per- 
haps thousands of miles away go out of our lives and 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 127 

yet not out of our life. So we thank thee for this 
young life, so briefly enjoyed, his father's comfort, his 
mother's joy, an honor to his college, the pride of his 
classmates, the friend of so many. We are glad that 
he possessed those friends and that they possessed him. 
With personal delight we all watched the young sculp- 
tor as he blocked out his life's design and wrought so 
earnestly at his work. The blows of his mallet were 
so vigorous, his chisel was so sure and the design so 
noble that we felt certain he would produce a master- 
piece. And then came the silent, muffled form and the 
extended arm and that resistless touch upon the work- 
er's hand, and he had to go. We know not why the 
sculptor was taken away from such promise and pros- 
pect of honorable achievement, but we feel sure it was 
not because his work was imperfect or the worker un- 
worthy. He has gone out of our life, yet, as we believe, 
not gone out of life. If angels bless thee and do thy 
commandments, harkening to the voice of thy word, 
we are sure that this redeemed soul will just as willingly 
hear thy commands and do them in heaven as he did 
on earth. 

Lord, let not this name pass from us, but may it re- 
main in this place as ointment poured. May the fra- 
grance of this short life of good Christian service, so 
freely poured out for others, linger here as one of this 
school's most precious memories. May it not be too 
much to hope, too much to ask that the inspiration of 
our young brother's earnest spirit may pass into some 
other, who shall take up the sculptor's fallen mallet and 
chisel and yet finish the masterpiece of life which he 



128 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

had begun so well. God of mercy, comfort the father 
on the sea, and the mother in distant China, and the 
other relatives and friends wherever they are. We know 
not why this loss has come. We only know that thou 
doest all things well. Since death is but thy messenger 
and takes us not out of life, but only to the heavenly 
place and work prepared, we humbly trust and hope- 
fully submit all to thee. May even this sad event only 
renew and strengthen that trust. May full comfort 
come to all who must bear sorrow, even as springtime 
comes after winter. 

We ask it for Christ's sake. 

COLLEGE MEMORIAL SERVICE 

Memorial services in the memory of Henry D. Smith 
and Rev. B. Royal Cheney were held in the chapel last 
Sunday (September 30, 1906) afternoon. The vesper 
choir sang the beautiful anthem ; " Peace I leave with 
you." Rev. W. C. Merritt of Tacoma, Wash., uncle of 
Henry Smith, spoke of the life of his nephew. He said 
in part : " I will mention a few of the instances 
which I remember in Henry's life. The first was 
when, at the age of four, he came to our home 
in Honolulu. The bright face and energetic voice 
of the boy gave promise of the man. The next incident 
was at a similar service to this, when he stood at the 
grave of his only sister. His mother was with him, but 
his father was in China. As a hymn was being sung 
Henry took a handkerchief from has mother's reticule 
and wiped her eyes from tears. When later, after being 
an instructor, he came to our home at Tacoma, he was 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 129 

the tall, broad-shouldered, splendid-faced young man. 
There is a lesson from his life. Life is the great prob- 
lem, not death. An early or sudden death is for God to 
decide; it is for us to attain early a strong life. It 
is not just how long we live, but how strong. Not long 
ago Henry had to overcome a great temptation. His 
cousin, successfully engaged in business in San Fran- 
cisco, urged him to turn his abilities in that direction. 
He declined, however, for he had dedicated his life to 
the work of his father and mother in the great mission 
field in China. Then he took the work of the secretary- 
ship of the College, and had a vision of ' Greater 
Beloit.' He gripped the vision and the vision gripped 
him and Greater Beloit became a reality." 

EDITORIAL 

In the bereavements of Rev. B. Royal Cheney and 
Henry D. Smith the college has sustained an inestimable 
loss. The tragic sweep has left a feeling of silence in 
the hearts of Beloit men and women has wrapt our 
Alma Mater in a pall of sorrow for her sons whom she 
loved so much and who so much loved her, and whose 
departure from this mortal life was so unforeseen and 
unexpected, who 

"Waned not as light from the landscape at even, 
As mist from the mountain or snow from the hill 

But passed as a star from the azure of heaven, 
A flash from the clouds or a ray from the rill." 

In reviewing the life of Henry D. Smith two factors 
become paramount, two qualities in that life, " not 



130 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

long, but strong," worthy of our best thought and 
highest emulation. The one was his enthusiastic and 
conquering attitude toward all activities into which he 
entered; the other his profound, loyal, and rooted de- 
votion to his Alma Mater. It is needless to speak of 
Mr. Smith as a worker. He was a worshipper of work. 
The Beloit-Knox debate of 1902, the Yale-Harvard 
debate and the " Greater B'eloit " are instances in a life 
whose course was steady and determined, of a person- 
ality which was firm in its resolve, unremittent in its 
endeavors, invincible in its purpose. Not only did he 
work, but he worked with a faith that makes the result 
come true. In himself, in others, in the object to be 
accomplished he had faith. It stimulated his efforts 
and brought to realization the thing desired. On all 
occasions Mr. Smith exhibited unwearying and unre- 
lenting fidelity toward his college, for he was a gentle- 
man always and everywhere. He was interested in 
every phase and department of Beloit, and in every un- 
dertaking he stood on lines ready to lend immeasurably 
of his inspiring influence, which was not the aroma of a 
violet, but the perfume of a forest of pine whose fra- 
grance is spread far and wide. What tribute can we 
pay him, what better and truer, more expressive of the 
service rendered than link him always with the name, 
" Author and founder of Greater Beloit." 

HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

DEAN G. L. COLLIE 

Henry Smith, one of the most devoted and loyal sons 
Beloit ever sent forth, died at Lake Geneva on August 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 131 

8, 1906. His death resulted from exhaustion brought 
on by his heroic efforts to save Mists Ruth MacCumber 
from drowning. 

Henry was the son of Dr. Arthur H. Smith and Mrs. 
Emma Dickinson Smith. He was born at Tientsin, 
China, on January 2, 1881. The first twelve years of 
his life were spent in China, with an interval of two 
years and a few months spent in the United States and 
in the Hawaiian Islands. In 1893 Dr. Smith brought 
his family to this country, leaving them here while he 
returned to China. The family made their home in Oak- 
land, Cal., where Henry attended the High School, from 
which he graduated in 1897. After graduation he 
spent a year and more in business in San Francisco, 
where his energy and his marked business ability at- 
tracted the attention of his employers. He decided that 
he must have a college education, and refusing all offers 
to continue in business he turned his face toward Beloit, 
entering college in 1898. It was appropriate that he 
should select Beloit as his college. His father was a 
member of the class of 1867, a famous class in our 
annals. His uncle, Henry Dickinson, was a graduate 
in the class of 1863. Both father and uncle had been 
instructors in the college, both of them true-hearted 
alumni. Henry Gary Dickinson has been dead more 
than thirty years, yet his memory is cherished by scores 
in this community and in the city where he labored, 
Appleton, Wis. Because of these relationships of the 
past, this ardent, enthusiastic youth of seventeen, who 
revered his family, would naturally come to his father's 
Alma Mater. 



132 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

Henry was always a perfect dynamo of energy, his 
working hours were filled with all kinds of useful ac- 
tivity, he did not neglect his studies, and yet he did 
not devote himself absolutely to them. He entered into 
all of the varied life of the college. He became one 
of the most famous undergraduates the college ever had, 
his enthusiasm and undaunted courage were infectious ; 
they begot like qualities in his fellow students. Who 
can forget his rooting at games or his rapid-fire speeches 
in the chapel or on the campus when he strove to awaken 
the flagging enthusiasm of his fellow-students. Study 
is perhaps the first requisite in a scholar's life while in 
college, and yet how important that other activities 
be maintained, how dull and narrow our life here would 
be with nothing but study in it. We need the athletic, 
musical, and literary influences as well. How grateful 
I am to students like Henry Smith, who have great 
natural endowments, who could take first rank in their 
studies, but who sacrifice this laudable ambition in order 
to develop other sides of college life. This very thing 
Henry Smith did, and his memory will be very dear to 
me, because though a student, he sacrificed the high at- 
tainments in scholarship of which he was capable in 
order to quicken student life in general. He was an 
earnest worker in the Y. M. C. A. 

In the autumn of 1901 he accepted the thankless 
task of captaining the second team in football. There 
is honor, no glory in this kind of work, nothing but 
hard knocks and harder work. It was characteristic of 
him that he accepted the difficult position and put his 
energy into it. Never before nor since has the college 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 133 

had such a " scrub team " developed. He kept its mem- 
bership full, he got his men out, and he made them play 
to the limit of their strength. He was a power in 
debate, and perhaps became one of the most famous of 
undergraduate debaters in our history. In the Knox- 
Beloit debate of 1902, Beloit had apparently lost the 
debate when Henry Smith rose to make his argument in 
rebuttal. No one who was present will be likely to for- 
get that speech. His generalship, his quick wit, his 
eager, passionate argument simply swept the Knox men 
from their feet and Beloit won the decision. To show 
the many-sided character of his participation in college 
affairs, let me enumerate some of the offices he held while 
in college: Member of the Ripon debate, manager of 
the Greek play, athletic editor of the Round Table, 
participant in the prize declamation, member of class 
football team, captain second football team, leader of 
the Knox debate, vice president Archean Union, presi- 
dent Cliosophic, treasurer Y. M. C. A., assistant li- 
brarian. From the outset of his career he took great 
interest in public speaking and debate. He was a hard 
and consistent worker along these lines. At the Fresh- 
man banquet he gave a capital speech on the subject 
of " Co-eds." He was a speaker on Prize Declamation 
in his Sophomore year, selecting a piece entitled " The 
Battle of Gettysburg." In his Freshman year, he was 
leader of the Ripon-Beloit debate, which Beloit lost, 
but he had the training which prepared him for the 
notable victory in the Knox debate already mentioned. 
After graduation he was tendered the position of in- 
structor in public speaking in Pacific University, Forest 



134 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

Grove, Ore. He was very successful in his work there 
and raised the institution to the first rank in that line 
of work among the colleges of the Puget Sound region. 
He threw himself into the work there with characteristic 
abandon and intensity. His uncle, Mr. Merritt of Ta- 
coma, tells me that he would come to his home occa- 
sionally so exhausted that he would sleep for a day or 
two, only being aroused to take nourishment. This 
utter disregard of his health and comfort while doing 
his work was always a marked feature of his career. 

After two years of labor at Pacific he was called to 
Beloit to act as assistant to the President. He con- 
ceived the idea of a Greater Beloit, and gave himself to 
this idea with rare force and business acumen. He 
toiled day and night to effect means by which the college 
could be built up. He convinced doubtful trustees that 
his plans were feasible, he enthused faculty, alumni and 
students until all joined hands with him to carry out 
his purpose. We all know the success that attended 
his efforts. The Greater Beloit will come in the future, 
that is assured, and it will be to Henry Smith's credit 
that he gave it the first great impetus in the forward 
direction. He had rare ability in collecting and pre- 
senting facts succinctly and forcefully. His pamphlet, 
" Will It Pay," is an instance of the successful way in 
which he presented the arguments in favor of a college 
education. His methods of advertising the college were 
models of their kind and will set the standard here at 
Beloit for years to come. He was a great promoter in 
his field, and yet he cared little for his position, but 
much for what he could accomplish. It was his plan to 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 135 

give his life for missionary service in China, to carry 
on the great work which his parents are now doing. He 
had completed one year of study at the Yale Divinity 
school in furtherance of that purpose. Already he had 
made application to the American Board to serve under 
its direction. The last letter I wrote in his behalf was 
one to the Secretaries of the Board urging the fitness 
for that service. 

He had returned to Beloit in June to carry on his 
campaign for 150 students. He had sent out thou- 
sands of letters to prospective students all over the 
Northwest. Wearied with his exacting service he had 
gone to Lake Geneva for a brief vacation. A day or 
two before the accident which terminated his life he 
came over to our cottage and talked eagerly and earn- 
estly about the future of the college. He feared that 
with increasing numbers among students and faculty 
the old ideals and purposes would be lost. I tried to 
assure him that this result was not likely, and that we 
of to-day would make every effort to keep the college 
true to its best traditions. Within seventy-two hours 
he lay dead in that same cottage even in his dying 
hours his whole thought was for Beloit. In a true sense 
he is a martyr in the cause of the college. He had used 
up his vitality in its behalf and was unable to overcome 
the effects of his accident. Since his death many tributes 
to his worth and zeal have been received and all were 
sincere and true in their appreciation. 

On August 10 he was taken to the well-beloved chapel, 
and simple services were held there, his silent form sur- 
rounded with a wealth of golden glow, the college color. 



136 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

Our deepest sympathies are with the parents in far- 
away China, now bereft of their only child. Yet even 
in our sorrow and their grief, we all have reason to re- 
joice that men of his heroism, his knightly qualities are 
still found among men. 

HENRY DICKINSON SMITH AT YALE 

REMARKS BY DARWIN A. LEAVITT 

For five years I have been having the privilege of 
knowing Henry Smith as a student, four of them spent 
at Beloit and one fruitful year at Yale Divinity school, 
so that while not intimately associated with him as some 
others have been, I have yet been near enough to feel 
that now I have lost a personal friend, one of Beloit's 
ablest and noblest sons. 

Henry Smith's student life was marked by its abun- 
dance, as shown in the variety of his activities and the 
efficiency with which he conducted them. He was a bril- 
liant student, as his first term's record at Yale shows: 
yet he never attained distinction in scholarship, as he 
might well have done had he devoted himself solely to 
study; because his conception of college life was too 
broad for that. So he plunged deep into the literary 
and athletic activities of the institution, and as captain 
of the second team in the football season, and member 
of three debating teams at Beloit and one at New Haven, 
as editor of the Round Table, and future editor of 
the Yale Divinity Quarterly, and as an enthusiastic 
advocate of the honor system in Beloit College, in all 
these ways he left a permanent impress on the life of 
the institution. His special gift was in debating, and 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 137 

his services to Beloit were not measured alone by the 
debates in which he actually participated, but by those 
as well for which he was of material assistance in bring- 
ing victory to Beloit by his efficient training of other 
debaters. In 1902 Henry led a winning team against 
Knox and coached the two lower classes, which 
were likewise victorious. Three years later, when he 
was here again as secretary of the college, he coached 
the three debating teams, and once more won all. These 
two were the only years in which Beloit won three 
debates. 

Henry Smith was a man of marked usefulness and 
loyalty to his college and to his friends. He would give 
himself without sparing whenever he saw any need that 
he could supply, even at great cost to himself and 
against the advice of his friends. He was always ready 
to believe the best concerning his college and his friends, 
and vindicate them against any criticism that might be 
offered. But his friendship did not spend itself in 
words. He lost his life trying to save a friend, and 
greater love hath no man than this. I could not speak 
of Henry as a student without mentioning his uncon- 
querable enthusiasm and optimism. Others might be 
discouraged in the face of an impending crisis, but not 
he, and before long his courage and hope would com- 
municate themselves to the rest of the students, and in- 
spire them to work with him and meet success. In the 
words of a favorite poem of Henry's he was 

" One who never turned back his back, but marched breast for- 
ward, 
Never doubted clouds would break, 



138 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

Never dreamed though right was worsted, wrong would triumph, 

Held, we fall to rise, are baffled to fight better, 
Sleep to wake." 



He has fallen asleep, to wake into a yet more glorious 
and fruitful life. 

MEMORIAL NOTICES. 

The following obituary references appeared in the 
Yale Dwmity Quarterly for October, 1906 : 

HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

Henry Dickinson Smith, '08, died August 8, at Camp 
Collie, Lake Geneva, Wis. The previous day he was 
in bathing and went to the assistance of a companion 
who was drowning. The shock and the exposure re- 
sulted in his death, although consciousness was restored 
for a few hours by the physicians. Henry D. Smith 
was the sgn of Rev. Arthur H. Smith, D. D., LL.D., 
the well-known missionary of the American Board in 
China. He was born in Tientsin, China, January 22, 
1881. He graduated from Beloit College in 1902, and 
then was instructor in English and Public Speaking in 
Pacific University, Forest Grove, Ore., for two years. 
He entered Yale Divinity School in the Junior Class 
one year ago. He was class deacon, an Allis scholar, on 
the editorial board of the Quarterly, a member of 
the Yale debating team that met Harvard in the spring, 
and was chairman of the students' committee on pub- 
licity and promotion, in which capacity he compiled 
the pamphlet, "Why Choose Yale Divinity School?" 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 139 

At the time of his death he was Field Secretary for 
Beloit College. 

Mr. Smith was characterized by a brilliant wit, a 
remarkable executive ability, and an unusual power of 
concentration. His enthusiasm for any work in which 
he was interested was almost unbounded, and he could 
put enthusiasm into others. He was most unselfish in 
his disposition, modest >and retiring in manner, and had 
a deeply spiritual nature. The foreign mission service 
was to have been his life work, as he had already applied 
to the American Board for appointment when he had 
completed his Divinity course. His promise for future 
usefulness was most unusual, and his loss is one that 
will be inestimable to the Divinity School, the mission 
field in China, and to all his friends East and West. The 
strong characteristics of his life will always be an in- 
spiration to all who knew him. 

W. A. ROWELL. 

The Middle class has adopted the following resolu- 
tions in memory of their former classmate, Henry D. 
Smith: 

" Whereas, God in His inscrutable providence has 
taken to Himself the soul of our beloved classmate 
Henry Dickinson Smith we, the members of this 
Middle class of the Yale Divinity School, desire to 
express our great sense of loss occasioned by the death 
of our brother, withal a noble death, for ' Greater love 
hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for 
his friends.' We remember with pride his unusual bril- 
liance and ability, and the large promise he gave of 



140 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

usefulness to his generation, and we bear in grateful 
remembrance his unique spirit of devotion which allowed 
no consideration of personal interests. 

" Therefore, be it resolved that we hereby extend to 
his parents in their bereavement our heartfelt sympathy, 
with the assurance that to those who knew him best the 
example of his devoted life will be a never ceasing 
inspiration. 

" Be it further resolved that a copy of the foregoing 
be sent to the parents of our departed brother, and that 
a copy be sent to the Yale Divinity Quarterly for 
publication in its next issue. 

" Signed on behalf of the class, 

" THEODORE B. LATHROP, 

" WALTER L. FERRIS, 

" ROBERT BELL, Secretary." 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 141 

From the Codex* published by the Class of 1909, 
of Beloit College. 

DEDICATION. 

To the Memory of a Loyal Alumnus 

Who Brought Honor to Hit College, Who Linked Hit 

Endeavors With the Class of 1909, in the Establishment 

of a Greater Beloit, and Who Gave up His Life 

While Striving for His Alma Mater, 

HENRY DICKINSON SMITH, 
This Book Is Reverently Dedicated. 



There are some lives, true and useful ones, which 
move in tranquil ways, with measured heart-beats, to 
their natural and foreseen conclusion. They are like 
long, serene summer days. There are other lives that 
are eager, tumultuous, rushing, throbbing with high 
purpose, accomplishing arduous tasks in unexpected, 
even catastrophic ways. They are like rivers sweeping 
in torrents and haunted with the sound of cataracts. 

There is no question as to which of these two types 
of life has the more fascinating interest and draws us 
with deeper sympathy to generous emulation. It is 
eagerness that makes us eager. Profound impulses stir 

*The Codex is a college record book published by every 
alternate Junior class. The volume of 1909 was in part a me- 
morial to Henry Smith. 

The students of the college purpose to offer more enduring 
testimony to the worth of Henry Smith's character and influence 
and to their loving interest in his memory by raising a monument 
over his grave. 



142 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

our hearts. And there is no doubt which of these two 
represents the life of Henry Dickinson Smith. 

Preceding him was a long line of ancestors of fine 
intellectual and spiritual qualities reaching back to the 
great brain and heart of Jonathan Edwards. Henry's 
father, Dr. Arthur H. Smith, one of the ablest of Be- 
loit's graduates, stands easily in the front rank of emi- 
nent missionary leaders who are profoundly affecting 
the destinies of the Chinese Empire. His books are al- 
ready classical authorities on Chinese character and life, 
and his conversation scintillates with brilliant expres- 
sion of insight and observation. At the great Cente- 
nary Conference at Shanghai this year, the two pre- 
siding officers being chosen to represent respectively 
Europe and America, it was fitting that Dr. Smith 
should be the one to represent our continent. Mrs. 
Smith, too, has remarkable power of concentrated pur- 
pose and graceful and graphic expression, beneath 
which is the mystic soul with unfathomable depths of 
self-devotion. 

Intensity has characterized their son's life through- 
out. In infancy, in a land where the children are pat- 
terns of tranquillity, he was a little dynamo. A story 
is told, current in one of the missionary families of 
Pang Chuang, which suggests in the child the qualities 
we admired in the young man. The mules kept in the 
mission compound for the purposes of evangelizing 
tours, sometimes broke loose and stampeded through 
the premises, causing much temporary confusion. After 
one of these experiences, little Henry said very earnestly 
to a grown-up friend, " The next time a mule does that, 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 143 

I'll get a big stick and hit him a * 'mendous whack.' 
How largely his life was made up of emergencies in 
the midst of which he stood, valiant and aflame, dealing 
blows with all his might at antagonists within his own 
soul or grappling with situations or competitors in 
generous but tremendous struggle! 

For one so intense as he was, his power of sinking 
himself and his own interest in some larger interest and 
aim was little less than marvellous, and made him both 
honored and beloved. When a mere lad employed as 
an elevator boy, someone in the basement carelessly sent 
the elevator, loaded with fragile merchandise, spinning 
up to the top of a high building at a perilous speed. 
Henry clung to the ropes regardless of the imminent 
danger to himself, was carried to the topmost level, 
and descended safely with the freight unbroken. In 
the autumn of his senior year, when the football season 
seemed darkening to disaster, it was he who organized 
the second eleven, and so held them together, and so 
flung them upon the college team that the latter gained 
from the encounters a reinvigoration which carried 
them to victory. The winning team was greeted with 
well-deserved plaudits; it was enough for Henry that 
his exertion, which gained him no distinction, had given 
the team the means of triumphing, and so had brought 
honor to Old Beloit. 

Disciplined by defeat in debates of preceding years, 
his senior inter-collegiate debate was characterized by 
a resistless leadership which won the decision and lifted 
the college to a high pitch of enthusiasm. He just 
missed his " magna cum laude " by his devotion to these 



144 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

interests of the college; but he made the sacrifice with 
a heart single to the wider interest he was serving, re- 
gardless of the cost. 

Next came two years on the faculty in a little college 
in the far West, where a handful of students became the 
winners in contest after contest in oratory and debate 
under the inspiring guidance of their young instructor. 
Then he was called to the service at Beloit along the 
lines of self-denying labor, at the same time that he was 
urged to enter upon business openings at the West, 
giving fine promise of larger pecuniary returns. It 
was the day of ultimate decisions. He turned his back 
upon prospective wealth to give himself to the college, 
and eventually to the work for the great and needy Em- 
pire of China, whose call to him grew more distinct and 
imperative witih the passing years. During the year at 
Beloit, he delighted on returning at night from a day 
devoted to college business, to give himself until the 
morning to studying with the prospective debaters the 
question chosen for their contest; and no team which he 
coached failed to win the decision of the judges. 

It was during this year that the idea of a Greater 
Beloit took possession of him. How he inspired stu- 
dents and Alumni with his project, how he wrought day 
and night throughout the summer for the realization 
of it, and how the entering class that fall registered an 
increase of fifty per cent, over the usual Freshman num- 
bers, all that is a part of Beloit history. But it is 
not generally known that he went to Yale Divinity 
School with health seriously impaired by the physical 
expenditures of his summer's campaign, so that he was 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 145 

gravely warned by his physician of the peril of such 
lavish giving of himself even in such a cause. It is 
most fitting that the class which entered Beloit that 
year, the class of 1909, should cherish the memory of 
Henry Smith with peculiar affection, regarding it as in 
a special sense their own possession. May it not be 
theirs to take up and complete the wide life work which 
was in the horizon of his thought and purpose. 

At Yale he had hardly recovered his health when he 
was chosen as one of the contestants in the Yale-Har- 
vard debate. Again his whole being was thrown into 
the effort; an embarrassing illness set in; but on the 
very day of debate he regained his voice, went into the 
struggle with every power keyed to the highest point, 
was believed by Yale to have won the debate, but lost 
the verdict. That night he had a long debate with an 
old friend upon the meaning of defeat. It was no easy 
task for him to give up anything on which he had set 
his soul. He felt that he had been chosen, not merely 
to do his best, but to win, and that without the verdict 
on his side the ideal was not attained. Through what 
hard struggles he obtained self mastery ! at what a price 
he gained freedom! 

So with unconquerable energy he came back once 
more to Beloit, cherishing a vision of a yet greater 
Beloit. He pressed impetuously through the first stage 
of the campaign, and went to Lake Geneva to snatch 
a few days rest before it was time for the second stage. 
There, at the sight of a young life in peril, he flung 
himself into the lake, and in the supreme effort to save 
was himself overborne. In spite of all the resources of 



146 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

devotion and skill lavished upon him in days and nights 
of agonized effort, he passed beyond the reach of eager 
hands and the sight of loving eyes, in his delirium dic- 
tating letters and yet more letters about the college, of 
which he had spoken in his last letter to his parents as 
the dearest place in all America to him. Could a young 
life fulfill more completely the high aspirations which 
the poet has imagined for us: 

" In some good cause, not in mine own, 
To perish, wept for, honored, known, 
And like a warrior overthrown." 

But not to perish. Such a life as that of Henry Dick- 
inson Smith transcends the measure of the local and the 
transitory. It requires the background of the universe 
to render it explicable, and eternity for its field of ac- 
tion. Springing from a far-reaching and widely influ- 
ential past, it beckons toward a life worthy of its hopes, 
its struggles, its equipment for service. Into what 
ampler opportunities, what larger ministry, what higher 
leadership our friend has been called we do not know, 
but the thought of him challenges us to look forward, 
to strive, to expect. 



LETTERS 



LETTERS OF HENRY'S PARENTS 

FROM DR. SMITH 

It is such an unexpected mercy that I was called home 
as I was and that I was able to be with him for longer 
or shorter periods at ten different times, and get to 
know him. He was indeed a dynamo of energy and 
gave promise of the largest usefulness. It must have 
been some other and very important work to which the 
Lord merely transferred him, and we can not think that 
he is not as energetic and as fully occupied there as 
here. The college will doubtless know how to conserve 
his influence in wise ways, and his name will be asso- 
ciated with a phrase which he originated and the work 
which he instituted. It was a great mercy that Mr. 
Merritt could be present at the first service and also at 
the later one. Professor Stevens, of the Yale faculty, 
and Henry will have opportunity to meet so much sooner 
there than here than either of them expected. There is 
his dear sister and his Grandma Dickinson and so many 
others, more there than here. It will not be very long 
either before we shall be united. His mother is strong 
and brave as she always is, and we face the future 
without fear. 

We have been speaking about the advisability of 
a memorial volume about Henry. The idea would be 
a sketch of his life work and numerous extracts from 
the letters we have received, such as to illustrate that 

149 



150 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

work. We do not want any flattery, any disguises 
of the devious ways by which he came into bright 
light, or the fact that he used up more of his nervous 
force than he could spare, leaving far too little reserve. 
We have received thus far in this month one hundred 
and twenty-two letters, and there must be many more 
to come. They are full of the most beautiful thoughts 
in the most beautiful language a moral and spiritual 
comfort, a marvel of inspired expression meaning the 
impartation of consolation and strength. I should like 
to have you understand how we feel about this sorrow, 
or at least to get our point of view. Many hundreds, 
probably many thousands, had been praying for us, 
long before we knew there was any special emergency. 
The Lord sent me to America when I was averse to 
go. The Lord brought Emma here when it seemed 
as if she could not come. The work that Henry was 
doing, was going to do, we knew, everybody could com- 
prehend; why it was suddenly stopped, nobody could 
comprehend. We were being conscious of being carried 
over the swamps of doubt and darkness on the wings 
of angels, as we should be if we crossed the Tai Hang 
mountains into Shansi in a balloon, instead of bumping 
over the stones of the Ku Kuan pass. We were greatly 
surprised, we were disappointed, but we were not stunned 
or for a moment overwhelmed. Why should we be? If 
the Lord who took him from China to America, from 
Oakland to Beloit, from Beloit to Forest Grove and back 
again, then to Yale, then pro tern to Beloit, and then 
into the vastly new and larger sphere of action instead 
of to Yale by the steps we thought of, what is there 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 151 

about the last that should disturb the balance or poise 
of our lives, of our trust, our certainty, that this is the 
best thing for him now, for us, for the North China 
Mission, for everybody. Instead of finding or feeling 
that this is strange, it seems strange not to feel so. His 
work is finished the last touch to what is now the com- 
pleted picture. It can never be undone or diminished, 
it is ours forever. We rejoice that the Lord gave us 
two such children that He thought them worthy to be 
used earlier than we had thought and longer. We have 
no " grief " whatever, at most only 

A feeling of sadness and longing 

That is not akin to pain; 
And resembles sorrow only 

As the mist resembles rain." 

This hill has been to us a mountain of blessing and of 
the presence of the Lord. Wherever we are the Lord is 
leading, will lead us. The first Sunday after the news, 
in the Ku Ling church, they sang that familiar hymn 
of Faber's, and some of the verses come back to us 
home to us, as never before: 

" He always wins who fights for God, 

To him there's nothing lost; 
His will is sweetest to him when 
It triumphs at his cost." 

A full setting of this experience cannot be told. We are 
sure it will mean so much to the college, to the classes 
whom he was the means of gathering, and as E. P. Sal- 
mon, says, " to fresh generations of students, among 



152 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

whom he will always be a living tradition, and so it will 
go on forever and forever." 

FROM DR. AND MRS. SMITH 

RULING, September 26, 1906. 
BELOVED FRIENDS : 

We have measured your love by the wonderful an- 
swers to prayer in our hearts these days on this moun- 
tain-top with God, and with new-born sorrow. 

We want you all to know of God's wonderful good- 
ness to us. Let us go back and trace the steps. On 
October 19, 1905, Mr. Smith left P'ang Chuang for his 
travels over the Celestial Empire to see missions for him- 
self, while Mrs. Smith broke up the home and went to 
work in the new parish of Lin Ch'ing. A few weeks 
later came the request to go to America and help in the 
million-dollar campaign. He shrank exceedingly from 
this, and felt sure he was not the man, and longed in- 
stead to go on with his work in China. 

He yielded to the pressure and went. He was hurried 
past his life-long missionary friend, Dr. Porter, whom 
he sorely longed to see, to New England, where the 
leisure between his various engagements permitted him 
ten brief visits with dear Henry. He had not seen his 
boy for almost eleven years. He had left him a small, 
unformed laddie. He found him a man full-grown, a 
student in the Yale Divinity School at New Haven. We 
had thought of a vacation after the Missionary Con- 
ference of 1907. We did not see Henry graduate from 
college, but perhaps we might from his theological 
course. How good our Father was ! How much those 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 153 

visits meant at the time! How beyond all price their 
memory now! There were years of arrears to be made 
up. As Henry wrote back gayly to his mother : " Papa 
talks 250 words a minute, and so do I, and that makes 
500, but there aren't minutes enough ! " 

He also said, with boyish exaggeration, meant only 
for a mother's eye, that at one place where Papa was 
especially rapid, Henry enjoyed seeing people leaning 
over the galleries lest they lose one word. The record 
of Henry's work and the kind words said of him made 
his father's eyes shine. Seven times he made his son 
short visits in New Haven, thus coming into touch with 
his theological friends and professors. 

Again the boy wrote : " I was mighty proud to have 
all my friends meet Papa." Twice, in New York and 
Brooklyn, delightful new circles of friends welcomed 
father and son, and added to their joys, while Henry's 
dear, beloved friend, ex-President Eaton, brought about 
a delightful reunion, by having Henry go with his father 
to the missionary meeting at Dr. Eaton's church at St. 
Johnsbury, Vt. Twelve years ago, realizing sharply 
that our little man had many temptations to meet, and 
that we had not been all we should be as guides, we 
knelt and gave him to God, agreeing to keep our hands 
off and remember whose boy he was henceforth. 

The Father took us at our word. When we wished 
Henry to keep pace with a friend and enter college very 
young, his heart turned instead to business. It was 
God's choice and vindicated itself at once, by better 
appetite, better sleep, and fine physical development. 
Into that business he went with all his might. It was a 



154 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

humble occupation and a child's might, but even there 
he was faithful. He was the elevator-boy, and when one 
day a careless hand in the basement sent an elevator 
load of fragile things spinning up, at a speed which 
threatened to smash them all, Henry hung on to the 
ropes with all his strength, and was carried up to the 
lofty ceiling and came down safely with nothing broken ! 

His mother was easy about him at noon, as the em- 
ployees all had lunch in the store. Fancy her sensa- 
tions when he told her one day, in his frank way, that 
he had become very tired of the meals there, and had 
been around sampling all the nearest city restaurants, 
drinks and all, and did not like them at all! 

Always he was kept. More than once his head was in 
the elevator shaft at a very dangerous moment. Once, 
trying a friend's bicycle before he had learned to ride, 
he could not guide or stop it, and ran directly in front 
of an electric car! A few minutes later a very white 
boy came back pushing a very wrecked bicycle. 

When high-school days were over, and the big showy 
universities beckoned with siren finger, God led HIS BOY 
to the small Christian college with its blessed Christian 
atmosphere, and to the dear town, where people were 
so kind to him, for Grandma's sake, and Uncle Henry 
Dickinson's, and Papa's. 

From college one looks ahead. One day he had a view 
down a Golden Lane. It looked very inviting indeed to 
the boy, to whom money meant power to do many large 
and fine things. He thought it over gravely, and for 
weeks was allured almost to his undoing, but his good 
angel never left him, and he turned his back on this 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 155 

most tempting business offer, and decided for a theo- 
logical course at Yale. 

One of his parents shrank exceedingly from having 
him play football, but he was not our boy and we left 
him free. He played, and won his little laurels there, 
and came out with all his bones whole, and a physique 
which made us praise God for overruling our fears. 

We coveted him for mission work, but we held our 
peace. And he was sure he was " not fit." One of his 
parents said one day, " Dear Lord, if Thou should'st 
call Thy boy to work in the darkest corner of Africa 
and we never see his face more Thy will be done." 

Slowly, gently, gradually it came, but the decision 
was final. He must help China. He did not see the 
mighty under-tow that brought him into that harbor. 
Years before the women of our Chinese church had set 
their hearts on it and had taken " no rest " and given 
God "no rest" about it. 

The mission heard with joy, and at the last meeting 
held out loving arms of welcome to him and to Lucius 
Porter, his life-long friend. We fondly thought there 
might be another David and Jonathan in the North 
China Mission, " two hearts that beat as one," but " my 
thoughts are not your thoughts." 

His heart had come to be right loyal and loving to 
Yale. He longed exceedingly to win one little laurel 
wreath for his theological friends. He went into the 
debate between Yale and Harvard in " Municipal Own- 
ership." He fought his way heroically through moun- 
tains of extra hard work, and through a harassing ill- 
ness of two weeks, which kept him in his room and made 



156 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

Mm miss many recitations. Specialists pulled him 
through, he recovered his voice the very day of the 
debate, went into it with all his soul and lost it! 

Chastening after chastening had come so. He seemed 
to himself to win everything he ever gained as a foot- 
hold through ghastly defeats. But the next time found 
him dauntless as ever, and just as intense. 

Beloved child! As a baby in arms he was a little 
dynamo. The other baby born in the same house at 
the same time kicked leisurely and methodically, one 
foot, then the other. Henry always kicked as hard as 
he could, and with both feet at once. Dear Heart of 
Fire ! His lamp could not be turned down, and his en- 
gine was built without brakes, and so, for sweet Ruth 
Macumber, and for his beloved Beloit, the dearest place 
in all America, as his last letter had said, that lamp has 
burned its last drop of oil! 

The Great Livingstone died on his knees, praying for 
Africa. Our boy, our " Honey Bee," from the humble 
little far-away village home in China, passed over the 
dark river, dictating more letters and ever more, to win 
more boys to his beloved Alma Mater. 

And so our Darling has skipped the missionary grade 
where we thought his education would be still finer, and 
has received his promotion. 

And what of us? His mother after a year of espe- 
cially strenuous missionary work was with great diffi- 
culty persuaded to come down to Central China for a 
two months' vacation, as it seemed likely we might not 
meet again for many months, and we had already been 
parted a year. She left the Shantung church, praying 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 157 

for a great blessing on their meeting; a mighty new 
infilling with the Holy Spirit! 

On the 14th of September, after a hard journey, dur- 
ing which in a collision her steamer was stove in aft, 
and they might so easily have all been drowned, she 
reached Kiukiang, and set eyes once more on Henry's 
father. What a joy it was to talk over the visits with 
the boy. How we read and re-read his last bright 
earnest letters, full of his stenographers and his new 
pamphlets, and his grief over Professor Stevens, and 
his plans for China. Next day we climbed the magni- 
ficent heights of Kuling, where we were to rest together 
an ideal plan, with such scenery, quiet, cool and se- 
cluded. Upon Mr. Smith's table lay a telegram from 
Peking : " Love, Sympathy, Prayers. Porters, Shef- 
fields." 

The swift thought flashed through my mind and 
came to my lips, " Henry has been drowned ! " I put 
it aside. Three people had just been drowned here in 
China, and I thought that suggested it. We stood and 
looked into each other's eyes, and Henry's Father said: 
" Whatever this news is we are not afraid are we, 
dear? " and Henry's mother thought of what was sung 
at Marie's funeral, and said: 



" I cannot fear Thee, blessed Will, 
Thine empire is so sweet." 



On Tuesday, the 18th, a whole sheaf of letters from 
four different States brought us the news ; to the Father 
first. He broke it to the Mother when she came in 
from her nap. The human Mother was stunned for a 



158 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

moment and slowly faltered, " But he was all we 
had left." For one second it was impossible, in- 
credible. " No," corrected a gentle voice, " we have 
each other." In an instant she remembered God, and 
her constant motto came at once to her lips. " It's all 
right. Praise God any way." 

Beloved, your prayers have not been in vain. God 
has held us on that table-land ever since, not asking 
" Why? " not crushed, not even " dumb, because Thou 
did'st it," but praising Him, with each fresh pang, as 
we bury hope after hope. He pours the balm in, and 
we are comforted again at once and are strong, and 
the praise wells up anew. 

If the secretaries had cabled us the mother would 
have received it alone in the midst of intense heat and 
hard work, and feeling more weary than for years. God 
guided the kind hearts to withhold it. We thank Him 
and them. 

We thank God for royal love and hospitality from 
the Y. M. C. A. here. 

The few friends left up here have been lovely in 
their sympathy; the majestic beauty around keeps us 
close to God. The long walks invigorate. Every hour 
together is so sweet, so precious. Last night's mail 
brought twenty letters, from the Secretaries, the Presi- 
dent of Beloit College, his Professors, his friends and 
ours. We were humbled and almost astounded as we 
read them. Was it our child of whom they spoke such 
wonderful words? Oh, thank God that we had any- 
thing so precious to give Him! " 

Who are we that we should be so honored ! 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 159 

And now for our " new China," that so sorely needs 
alert, devoted, self -sacrificing lives! O beginnings of 
the Greater Beloit! Precious, dearly-bought classes of 
1909 and 1910, we look to you. Who will step into 
that vacant place, close up the ranks, and march 
with us? 

By the pain, by the costly sacrifice, by the long years 
we must wait to hear again his dear voice say : " Father," 
" Mother," we charge you, PRAY FOR CHINA ALWAYS. 

Mrs. Browning wrote: 

"Dead! Both my boys!' 
One of them shot in East by the sea, 
And one of them shot by the sea in the West! 
If you want a great song for your Italy free, 
Let none look to me!" 

On the suimy slope of beautiful " Mountain-view," 
in Oakland, Cal., lies the daughter whose every heart- 
beat was for China, who lived in America only to 
get through her studies and hasten back to her dear 
adopted home; asleep by the sea in the west. 

In the city of his love, our dear Beloit, lies the boy 
who was to have moulded lives perchance in the T'ung 
Chou college ; asleep in the east by the lake. 

And yet our song is ready. 

A few more beautiful days together and we two must 
part again. The precious books that are to help China 
must be written. That means for their author a city 
and libraries. 

Two hungry, needy parishes are already pulling on 
heart strings. (How their tears will be flowing for 
us at this moment!) 



160 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

Their prayers will soon woo one of us back to work, 
while the other goes on his way alone. 

We thought of all that this morning, as we climbed 
the hill, and then we looked at each other and said 
"Hallelujah!" 

Give God all the glory, and for the unstinted 
and exhausting kindness of Dr. and Mrs. Collie through 
those three days, for her heroic fight to save the pre- 
cious life, for the Y. M. C. A. workers who toiled all 
day by her side, for the college chapel full of sympa- 
thizing friends, for the kind words said then of our 
Beloved, for the lovely decorations and the beautiful 
music by the Treble-clef Club, and for kind Miss Bro- 
der's cemetery guest-room for our Dead, until he find 
his last home, we thank God and bless you. 

We thank a kind Heaven that sent to stand by that 
casket one ownest own, the far-away dear " Uncle 
Will." (Rev. W. C. Merritt, who married Marie Dick- 
inson.) 

As the letters pour in by the score, how we praise 
God for them. Surely never before had mourners such 
wise, taught-of-God Comforters ! 

Ever yours, for Christ, 

For China 
and 
Beloit, 

EMMA DICKINSON SMITH, 
ARTHUR H. SMITH. 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 161 

" Bless the Lord Who crowneth thee with loving kindness and 
tender mercies." 

RULING, KIANGSI, October, 1906. 

MY DEAR FRIEND: 

Thank you so much for your very kind letter. Our 
sorrow has opened a Golconda mine of friends, such wise, 
sweet, comforting letters! So many beautiful souls, 
who have come out of God only knows what Geth- 
semanes themselves, and have dwelt thereafter " in the 
secret place of the Most High." They know how to 
comfort. Praise God for them ! The long printed let- 
ter will tell you general details. There has been no re- 
action. We are still steady, and brave, and triumph- 
ant. We hope some time to have a memorial volume 
of Henry's life. But just now would you like to share 
with us some of the btlm God has poured into sore 
hearts, making them praise Him even in the fires? 

Ex-President Eaton said: 

" Dear Henry, he is, and always will be, very dear 
to us. So noble a heart, so knightly a spirit. Such 
dauntless courage upspringing invincibly in the face of 
temporary defeat. Such almost resistless energy ; and 
a capacity for enthusiasm for the best things that was 
the very soul of leadership. His loyalty and affection 
are among my life's most sacred treasures." " I thought 
any missionary board was to be congratulated upon the 
opportunity to secure such a recruit, and now God has 
taken him through the gateway of a last supreme self- 
devotion. God grant that many another young son of 
Beloit may be truer and more heroic because of the in- 
spiration Henry has imparted in his swift and eager 
life of service." 



162 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

Dr. N. B. Hillis, pastor of Plymouth Church, wrote : 
" No event for years has so overwhelmed me. Some 
time ago I became acquainted with the work that Henry 
was doing among the college students. His enterprise 
was new to me, and as I looked into it I found hope for 
the future and now comes the end of all hope for his 
continued work here. He was one from whom his father 
and mother could never have expected too much. The 
early death of a gifted boy is one of life's darkest 
problems. Had I known of his death and funeral, I 
would at any cost have made a long j ourney , a pilgrim- 
age, to stand by his bier and represent Plymouth Church 
and the multitude of friends you have made in this 
country, and by this simple act to have testified at least 
to the profound sympathy and sorrow that I have for 
his father and mother." 

Professor Robert Chapin of Beloit College wrote : 
" I have rejoiced greatly in his intellectual brilliancy; 
his wonderful energy, his ability in leadership, would 
have won for him distinction in whatever channel they 
were directed. I think that no one ever handed in to 
me so complete a note-book on American history as 
his. I thought that he was making a splendid gift to 
China." 

Mr. E. P. Salmon, one of the trustees, said : 
" ' If I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto 
you.' By his very death Christ's Spirit actually passed 
into the disciples. It's something so in the death of our 
loved ones. Our immortality stretches both ways, on 
into the future, and back into the present, until the 
present becomes the past. Henry has actually entered 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 163 

into the life of Beloit College in this way, and is one of 
our Immortals. You can hardly realize what he has 
been to Beloit College, and now the impression is grow- 
ing stronger and stronger. We shall have a special 
memorial service for him. I doubt not his spirit will 
take possession of us all as never before." 

Rev. Robert C. Bedford of the class of '72, Beloit, 
says: 

" His creation of the ' Greater Beloit ' will become a 
familiar story, and will pass into the splendid traditions 
of the College to the end of time, and so he will live in 
his works though we call him dead." 

Dr. Josiah Strong writes : 

" My heart is broken for you and your wife. Such a 
death seems so needless and such a waste. I am told 
your son was the most brilliant and the most promising 
young man that had been in Yale Seminary for many 
years. Surely his service will be rendered when it is 
most needed. I love to think, therefore, that perhaps 
he will do more for the world now than had he remained 
in the flesh. 

" And this we are sure of, that a heroic, self-sacrific- 
ing death like his must have a profound influence for 
good on others. It may have been precisely the one 
thing needed to change the character and life of some 
who knew him. I do not want my dearest friends to 
explain to me ; I like to give proof of absolute confidence 
by declining an explanation. Perhaps we shall not 
care to claim the fulfillment of the promise, * Thou shalt 
know hereafter,' because our confidence in God has been 
perfected." 



164 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

Rev. Cephas Clapp of Forest Grove, Ore., whose 
children were Henry's pupils in elocution, wrote: 

" Sometimes I think that the early death of Bishop 
Hannington and McKay accomplished more than a long 
life could have done. Who can say but that a score or 
more of earnest young people may be stimulated to 
take up the work. My children thought him to have a 
willingness to work and sacrifice himself for his pupils 
with an abandon that knew no bounds. He gave them 
not only good measure, pressed down and running over, 
but he gave them everything that was in him. He 
seemed to teach each pupil as if there was something 
in them worth bringing out, and he was determined to 
bring it out, cost what it might to him. He spared 
no pains, counted no cost to his time and strength, made 
each pupil a separate study. He criticised with care- 
fulness and yet with consideration. He showed them 
their faults in style and finish, but they were not dis- 
couraged. They will have reason to be grateful to 
him all their lives. The Master does not do all His 
work with mortals. May the Master give you Himself. 
You gave Him a beautiful accomplished daughter, one 
who will be a bright and shining star in the galaxy of 
Heaven; and now you have given Him all that you 
had left your only son there remains nothing more 
to sacrifice. You have laid it all on the altar. But 
do not for a moment think that you have placed the 
Lord under obligations from which He cannot free Him- 
self. Trust Him for that. He will not leave you His 
debtor. Sometime, somewhere, here or up yonder, He 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 165 

will compel you to break forth into thanksgiving and 
praise, and hallelujah. 

" Uganda, in Central Africa, is being won for Christ 
by men who have volunteered because others had fallen. 
Your beloved China may be enriched by many soldiers 
because your boy was taken. At any rate, you have 
your two treasures laid up in Heaven. Your hearts 
are already there, and when your work here is com- 
pleted you will join them in a still more glorious work." 

He did! He has! How can we ever thank Him 
enough for the tidal wave of prayer that has buoyed us 
up, floated us on our rocky grief, and now bears us 
back strong and willing to our widely separated work. 
God is so good. Here more than 4000 feet above the 
sea, and 400 above nearly all neighbors, we have had 
Him and each other. We have never had such a rest 
and visit in nine years ! Our beloved Chinese parish 
have wept and loved and fasted over us so tenderly. 
The evangelist wrote to us in his quaint Chinese way : 
" The young teacher Ming (Henry) was one day 
sporting in the water, joyfully. Just then, all of a 
sudden, the Lord Jesus came and stood by the lake and 
noted how well they were doing it. His heart went to 
them with great love. Although it was doing them so 
much good to be there, as He thought of it, after all, 
that was not as good as for them to go to his Peace- 
Joy-Garden (Heaven) and disport themselves. They 
would enjoy themselves better than ever there. So it 
came about that the loving, loving Jesus led them away. 



166 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

" When the young teacher saw Jesus, his whole heart 
went out to Him in love, and he was delighted to go 
with Him. As they passed the lake, a mournful hymn, 
like a dirge, floated back to them. It was his young 
brothers of the Y. M. C. A. But ahead they soon saw 
a great multitude of angels who had come out to meet 
him, and they sang a new song, and these were the 
words, ' Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. They 
rest from their labors and their works do follow them.' 
The joy that those two have (Henry and Ruth) every 
day and always with the Lord Jesus is past all telling. 
We people on this side the water though, detained for 
a while, cannot refrain from scattering our tears but 
after all we are going to them and we too shall have 
that unspeakable joy." 

A Beloit College friend, Mr. Lewis, wrote to a friend 
of his and ours as follows : 

" It seems so impossible. Almost anyone ought to 
have been taken in preference to Henry. He was so full 
of energy and ambition, so willing to give himself for 
others. Beloit College has lost one of her noblest sons, 
and one who was doing more for her than almost any- 
one else could do. As President Eaton expressed it, 
' the earth has suffered a loss.' I had learned to think 
a great deal of him and have been strengthened in every 
way by knowing him. I am glad to have known him 
and I feel that his death was fully typical of his whole 
life, the giving of himself for others. I want to bear 
your sorrow with you, and to rejoice with you in the 
memory of his life and his character." 

Mrs. Professor Frank C. Porter of New Haven said : 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 167 

" We were very proud of his success as a debater. 
He did the whole work for the team and was altogether 
the most brilliant debater on either side. The Seminary 
felt a great pride in him. Then he did so much for his 
class. In the spring he did that fine piece of work for 
us in the little pamphlet, ' Why Choose Yale Divinity 
School ? ' His loss is a great one to the Seminary alone. 
He would have been of inestimable help in the next two 
years. New Year's night at the Seminary he perfectly 
convulsed everybody by his wit and flow of language. 
" But his prospective loss to the service of the world 
is a still greater one, for he had immense possibilities 
of usefulness before him. It is a comfort to think how 
he had given all his splendid talents to the service of 
God." 

Professor Frank C. Porter's estimate is below: 
" He impressed us as a man not only of very bril- 
liant intellectual capacities, but as one who had a rare 
ability to concentrate himself upon the task in hand, 
and work at it with eagerness and energy; and also a 
still more rare unselfishness of devotion to the cause 
or the person that claimed his service. He never spared 
himself, and seemed not to let the thought of himself 
have a place in his plans and efforts. He had con- 
tributed a great deal to the life of the Divinity School 
during his year with us. Such a life has done a great 
service on earth, and is fitted for the greater service 
in the realms of God's great Kingdom." 
From Henry's Uncle, Rev. Wm. C. Merritt: 
" The one word that best describes Henry's character 
to myself is intense, and he was so in a large and fruit- 



168 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

f ul way. As President and Mrs. Collie said : ' Many 
men at seventy have not accomplished what Henry has 
at twenty-five ! ' We had a wonderfully illuminating 
sermon this A. M. on the life, training, and work of 
Moses. It closed with * when you are ready for it your 
bush will burn, if not here in this world, yet in God's 
world. 9 So it is, and Henry will yet do his work for 
God where God wants him." 

From Mrs. E. R. Wagner, San Jose, Cal. : 

" Henry made us a precious visit three years ago, 
and won the love of every one of our children. They 
are deeply touched by this experience; we have loved 
no other young man as we loved him. That was a time 
of great perplexity, anxiety, and temptation to him 
the temptation to a business career. He talked it over 
so freely with us, and I felt then that one of the most 
beautiful things God had ever given me to do was 
that chance to help Henry. How wonderfully he was 
led out of that hard place ! " 

He wrote soon after : " I think God will not let me 
make a mistake." These are his exact words : " I am 
willing now, as I have not been before, to follow wher- 
ever God seems to lead the way for me, and I don't be- 
lieve He will let me make a failure of life." (July 2, 
1904.) 

Thank God for such friends as ours, and for such 
letters. Ask Him that we may give nobler service for- 
ever for all His mercies at Kuling. 

God bless you all and comfort you all as you have 
comforted us. 

MRS. ARTHUR H. SMITH. 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 169 

LETTER FROM PROF. R. W. RAYMOND 

BROOKLYN, N. Y., January 14, 1907. 

During the recent visit of Dr. Arthur Smith to the 
United States, it was our privilege to entertain him 
repeatedly, for considerable periods, as a guest in our 
Brooklyn home, where he became an admired and be- 
loved member of our family circle. And we love to re- 
member that in our house he enjoyed, after years of 
separation, his first reunion with his dear and only son. 

We prepared for their accommodation separate 
guest chambers ; but they begged the privilege of room- 
ing together; and often, in passing the door of their 
room, I heard the low tones of reading, conversation, 
or prayer. That room, already made sacred to us by 
reason of many memories of love, joy, sorrow, and 
death, is now also, and forever, associated in our minds 
with a grateful recollection of the close and precious 
intercourse between such a father and such a son, under 
circumstances so far transcending the ordinary expe- 
riences of human relationship. 

As you know, the son was just deciding, or had but 
recently decided, to devote himself to the work in which 
his father and mother were engaged. He made this 
decision, under the guidance of the Divine Spirit, with- 
out the least pressure from his missionary parents. 

A venerable clergyman once said to me, " I have been 
consulted by many young men who were thinking of 
entering upon the Christian ministry ; and I have never 
let one of them go in, if I could possibly keep him out ! 
For I hold that, if a man be not so called of God as to 



170 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

disregard human dissuasion, he is not called of God at 
all!" 

Without going to this extreme, Dr. and Mrs. Smith, 
as I personally know, had conscientiously left their be- 
loved son to higher guidance, and held themselves ready 
to accept his choice of any profession in which a Chris- 
tian man could usefully and honorably serve his genera- 
tion. All the deeper, therefore, was their joy in his 
final, free decision ; and I cannot but feel that the hours 
of new and exalted fellowship spent by Dr. Smith in my 
house with his son, who had thus become also his 
brother and comrade, prepared them both for an in- 
separable companionship, whether in the visible or in 
the invisible world. 

After such a mutual consecration to the service of 
the Kingdom which embraces both worlds, the accident 
of death can be no more than any other accident of 
physical separation. These two enjoyed a reunion and 
a new union, which defied the trivial obstacles presented 
by oceans and continents. Why should it not now defy 
an outward separation, possibly even less worthy to be 
considered between souls thus fused into the Life Eter- 
nal which now is, as well as shall be? 

It is for this reason that we congratulate our dear 
friend Arthur Smith upon the precious intercourse 
which he was permitted to enjoy with a son so soon to 
enter, by a hero's death, into the beckoning glory of 
the world invisible, while we thank God for the privilege 
granted to us, of providing an upper room for such a 
meeting. 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 171 

LETTER FROM PRESIDENT W. N. FERRIN OF 

PACIFIC UNIVERSITY, FOREST GROVE, 

OREGON 

My acquaintance with Henry D. Smith began with 
his engagement as instructor of Public Speaking in 
Pacific University. During the two years in which he 
served in that capacity, I came to know him well, and 
the acquaintance thus formed was maintained by occa- 
sional correspondence during the years following until 
his death. 

Mr. Smith came to Pacific fresh from college. He 
was strongly recommended for the position which he 
came to fill, and his work in it showed that the endorse- 
ments were fully justified. 

He was inexperienced and impulsive, and had some 
things to learn. I was glad to advise him occasionally, 
as need required, and found him always ready to re- 
ceive suggestions pleasantly, and to act upon them 
promptly and cordially. His relations with his fellow 
teachers were uniformly pleasant. His natural impul- 
siveness led to occasional mistakes, but these were of 
the head and not of the heart. 

In his dealings with students, both in the class-room 
and out of it, he made himself rather a fellow-worker 
with them than a master over them. When he trained 
students for oratorical and debating contests he entered 
into the work with all the zest and eagerness that his 
intense nature was capable of. In preparing for the 
contest he spared neither the student nor himself. 
There are traditions about the Campus that upon more 
than one occasion he kept the young men at work in the 



172 HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 

reference library until the small hours of the night, 
when it was necessary in order to complete, within a 
required time, the investigation of some topic connected 
with the question to be debated. 

All of Mr. Smith's work as an instructor was charac- 
terized by enthusiasm and indefatigable energy. 

He took an active part in the religious life of the 
college. As the youngest of the instructors, and only 
one year out of college, he entered easily and heartily 
into the work of the Student Christian Association, 
and was made welcome in it. 

It is doubtful if any instructor ever at Pacific Uni- 
versity for so short a time received in so large a measure 
as he did the respect and esteem of the students. 

Only a few days before his death I received a long 
letter describing somewhat in detail the work which he 
was doing in advertising his beloved Alma Mater to the 
young people of the adjoining region, and giving me 
the benefits of his experience in the work. I had written 
a letter in acknowledgment when the press dispatches 
brought the news of his tragic death. 

The gallant act which cost him his life in the effort 
to save the life of another was characterized by the 
same generous, impulsive thoughtfulness for others 
which marked all that he did, and showed him in high- 
est degree to be a true Christian gentleman. 



THE ESTIMATE OF FRIENDSHIP 

LUCIUS C. PORTER 

Henry was always ambitious, he was always develop- 
ing every power he possessed. He wanted to become his 
most effective self. But the controlling ambition for 
self -development was not selfish; it was guided at all 
times by the altruism of service. Effective service for 
his class, for his college, for China was his conscious 
purpose in every plan and effort for advance in per- 
sonal power. We often talked together of these things : 
of a man's duty to himself and of the claims of service. 
This was our conclusion: The most completely and 
successfully developed man is the most useful. 

From his Sophomore year, the question was settled 
for Henry. The intense application to every task that 
called for larger effort, the eager struggle for victory 
in each contest, were expressions of this loyalty to 
service. 

This incident, not known to many, illustrates his 
point of view. In the Sophomore year he entered the 
preliminary contests for the Knox debate. Other con- 
testants were upper-class men. He was still a Sopho- 
more. But in the preliminary contest in the Society he 
was chosen as the third man of the three to enter the 
final contest, winning over a Junior who was regarded 
as a strong speaker. Henry had made a fine record. 
But at this point he felt that the best service for the 

173 



174 HfeNRY DICKINSON SMITH 

College would be from the older speaker. He had won 
the place, but he voluntarily resigned in favor of the 
other man. He felt that his own service would be 
stronger the next year. The other man took the posi- 
tion, and those three Cliosophic men were the three 
chosen to meet Knox. They lost that year's debate. 
Henry had done what he felt was best for the College, 
he had shown how fully he made the best service his 
ideal. 

Henry's eagerness for victory was a part of his ideal 
of complete service. He could never feel satisfied with 
honest effort alone, because he could not feel that he 
had done his best unless that best was better than his 
opponents. It was this that brought the dismal 
reaction in cases of defeat. Others may not agree 
with this ideal of victorious achievement of the ac- 
claimed victor. But they must understand that it was 
a part, not of selfishness, but of his service. He and I 
have many times discussed the question of the relations 
of struggle and contest to the proclaimed victory. Fre- 
quently it was after some experience of defeat. We 
did not agree. But I always admired Henry's belief: 
" The team," he would say, " is sent in to defeat the 
enemy. If it does not win, it has not accomplished its 
great purpose, it has not performed its best service." 

Conscientious effort, a strong fight against odds, 
he could not view as any excuse for failure to win; 
even the evident superiority of the opposition did not 
modify his conviction that the defeated team had not 
fulfilled its purpose, had not come up to the full meas- 
ure of its service. 



HENRY DICKINSON SMITH 175 

The Henry of intense application, of furious work, 
of highest lambition, was such because he wanted to be 
the Henry of completest service. " Ich dien " was the ' 
motto blazoned on his banner. He fulfilled it to the 
unmost measure. 



POSTCRIPT 

My Darling Boy, so early snatched away 
From arms still seeking thee in empty air, 

That thou shouldst come to me I do not pray, 
Lest by thy coming Heaven should be less fair. 



Stay, rather, in perennial flower of youth, 
Such as the Master, looking on, must love, 

And send to me the spirit of the truth, 
To teach me of the wisdom from above. 



Beckon to guide my thoughts, as stumblingly 
They seek the kingdom of the undented, 

And meet me at its gateway with the key 
The unstained spirit of a little child. 

F. G. PEABODY. 



MRS. EDWIN LONDON 

SEATTLE, WASH 



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