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Full text of "Heraldic badges"

Heraldic Badges 



BT THE SAME AUTHOR 

THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

THE ART OF HERALDRY 

ARMORIAL FAMILIES 

THE LAW CONCERNING NAMES 

AND CHANGES OF NAME 

ETC., ETC. 




riioto. Sf>oo>icy.\ 



Fig. I, 



A Bcefcatt-r (Tower of London) in his full-dress uniform, showing the 
ancient method of wearing;- the badge. 



HERALDIC 
BADGES 



BY 

ARTHUR CHARLES FOX-DAVIES 

OF Lincoln's inn, barrister-at-law 



WITH NUMEROUS 
ILLUSTRATIONS 



LONDON: JOHN LANE, THE BODLEY HEAD 
NEW YORK : JOHN LANE COMPANY. MCMVII 



^'- 






'if^ 



^ 
:i''^ 



WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LTD., LONDON AND BECCLES. 



CONTENTS 



HERALDIC BADGES . . . .11 



A LIST OF BADGES .... 73 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 



FIG. 

1. A Beefeater (Tower of London) in his full-dress uni- 

form, showing the ancient method of wearing the 
badge ....... Frontispiece 

TO FACE PAGE 

2. The Badge of England, from the Royal Warrant . 22 

3. The Badge of Scotland, from the Royal Warrant , 22 

4. The Badge of Ireland, from the Royal Warrant . . 22 

5. The second Badge of Ireland, from the Royal War- 

rant 22 

6. The (floral) Badge of the United Kingdom, from the 

Royal Warrant 22 

7. The second Badge of the United Kingdom, from the 

Royal Warrant 22 

8. The Badge of Wales, from the Royal Warrant . . 22 

9. The Badge of the Heir -Apparent to the British 

Throne ........ 22 

10. The Arms of William (Stafford-Howard), Earl of 

Stafford, from the Patent of Exemplification . . 38 

11. The Eighteen Stafford Badges, as exemplified in the 

same document . . . . , .40 and 41 

12. The Arms, Crest, and Badge of Thomas (de Mowbray), 

Duke of Norfolk 46 

13. The Seal of James II. for the Duchy of Lancaster, 

showing the ostrich-feather badge .... 50 

14. The " Shield for Peace " of the Black Prince . . 52 

15. The famous Broom-cod {Planta genista) Badge, from 

which the name of the dynasty was derived . . 52 

16. The " Rose-en-soleil," the favourite badge of King 

Edward IV 52 

vii 



List of Illustrations 



FIG. TO FACE PAGE 

17. A Badge of Henry VIII. and Queen Mary, being a 

combination of the Tudor Rose and the Pome- 
granate of Queen Katharine of Aragon, as depicted 
on the Westminster Tournament Roll ... 52 

18. The Star and Crescent Badge, used by King Richard I. 

and King John 54 

19. The favourite badges of Henry VII., viz. {a) the 

" Sun-burst " of Windsor, and the " Portcullis " . 54 

20. The " Ape's Clog," the badge of the Duke of Suffolk . 54 

21. The "Salet," a badge of Thomas (Howard), Duke of 

Norfolk ........ 54 

22. The " Stafford Knot," a badge of the Lords Stafford . 56 

23. The "Wake Knot," sometimes called the "Ormonde 

Knot" 56 

24. The " Bourchier Knot," the badge of that family . 56 

25. The "Heneage Knot," the badge of that family . 56 

26. The "Lacy Knot," the badge of that family . . 56 

27. The " Harington Knot," the badge of that family . 56 

28. The "Suffolk Knot," the badge of John (De la Pole), 

Duke of Suffolk, from MS. Ashmole, 1121, f. 105 56 

29. The " Bowen Knot " 56 

30. The Standard of Henry (Percy), 6th Earl of Northum- 

berland ......... 60 

31. The Dacre Badge ....... 60 

32. The Badge of Daubeney of Cote .... 60 

33. The Badge of Dodsley . . . . . . 60 

34. A design from "Prince Arthur's Book," showing 

badges, viz. the "Sun-burst," Fleur-de-lis, and 
Ostrich Feather . . . . * . .96 

35. A design from "Prince Arthur's Book," showing the 

following badges of King Edward IV., viz. the 
" Rose-en-soleil," the Fleur-de-lis, the Sun in 
Splendour, and the White Lion of March , .108 



Vlll 



List of Illustrations 



FIG. TO FACE PAGE 

36. A design from "Prince Arthur's Book," showing the 

cross of St. George, the Bohun swan, and the 
Fleur-de-lis 108 

37. A design from "Prince Arthur's Book," showing badges 

of King Henry VII., viz. the Cross of St. George, 
the « Tudor Rose," the « Dragon," the " Sun-burst," 
the Fleur-de-lis, the "Greyhound," and "Portcullis" 112 

38. The King's Cypher 132 

39. Badge of Lord Hastings, being a combination of the 

Hungerford " Sickle " and the Peverel " Garb " . 132 

40. A badge of the Earls of Oxford 132 

41. The "Garde-bras," the badge of Ratcliff . . .132 

42. The "Drag," the Badge of the Lords Stourton . .132 

43. A Cypher of Queen Victoria, from the Royal Warrant 132 

44. A Cypher of Queen Victoria, from the Royal Warrant 132 

45. A design from "Prince Arthur's Book," showing a 

combination of two of the badges of Richard II., 

viz. the "White Hart " and the "Sun in Splendour" 136 

46. A design from "Prince Arthur's Book," showing a 

combination of badges, viz. the White Lion, the 
Falcon, and the Fetterlock 160 



IX 



HERALDIC 




Heraldic Badges 



THE exact status of the badge in this 
country, to which it is peculiar, has 
been very much misunderstood. 
This is probably due to the fact 
that the evolution of the badge was gradual, 
and that its importance increased unconsciously. 
Badges formerly do not appear to have ever 
been made the subjects of grants pure and 
simple, though grants of standards were fre- 
quent, and standards often had badges thereupon. 
Apart from such grants of standards, however, 
the instances which can be referred to as showing 
the control, or even the attempted control, by the 
Crown of the use of badges are very rare indeed 
in times past. As a matter of fact, the Crown 
seems almost to have purposely ignored them. 

Badges are not, as we know them, found in 
the earliest period of heraldry, unless we are to 
presume their existence from early seals, many 
of which show isolated charges taken from the 
arms ; for if, in the cases where such single 

II 



Heraldic Badges 



charges appear upon the seals, we are to accept 
those seals as proofs of the contemporary exist- 
ence of those devices as heraldic badges, we 
should often be led into strange conclusions. 

There is no doubt that these isolated devices, 
which are met with constantly at an early period, 
were not only parts of arms, but were in many 
cases the origin of arms, which we find later in 
the use of the descendants of the same families 
as those which made use of the earlier form. 
Devices possessing a more or less personal and 
possessive character occur in many cases before 
record can be traced of the arms into which 
they subsequently developed. This will be 
noticed in relation to the arms of Swinton, for 
example. The earliest Swinton seal shows the 
isolated charge of a boar's head, whilst the 
developed coat of arms was a chevron between 
three such heads. If, however, these simple 
devices upon seals are badges, then badges go 
back to an earlier date than arms. Devices of 
this kind occur many centuries before such a 
thing as a heraldic shield of arms existed. 

The Heraldic Badge^ as we know ity however, 
came into general use about the reign of 
Edward III. ; that is, the heraldic badge as a 
separate matter, having a distinct and separate 
existence in addition to the concurrent arms of 

12 



Heraldic Badges 



the same person, and having at the same time a 
distinctly heraldic character. But long before 
that date, badges are found with an allied refer- 
ence to a particular person, which very possibly 
are rightly included in any enumeration of 
badges. Of such a character is the badge of 
the broom plant, which is found upon the tomb 
of Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, from which badge 
the name of the Plantagenet dynasty originated. 
(Plantagenet, by the way, was not a personal 
surname, but was the name of the dynasty.) 
It is doubtful, however, if at that early period 
there existed the opportunity for the use of 
heraldic badges. But, nevertheless, as far back 
as the reign of Richard I. — and some writers 
would take examples of a still more remote 
period — these badges were depicted upon flags, 
for Richard I. appears to have had a dragon 
upon one of his standards. 

These decorations of flags, which at a later 
date have been often accepted as badges, can 
hardly be quite properly so described, for there 
are many cases where no other proof of usage 
can be found, and there is no doubt that many 
cases of this nature are instances of no more 
than banners prepared for specific purposes ; 
and the record of such and such a banner cannot 
necessarily carry proof that the owner of the 

13 



Heraldic Badges 



banner claimed or used the objects depicted 
thereupon as personal badges. If they are to 
be so included, some individuals must have 
revelled in a multitude of badges. 

But the difficulty in deciding the point very 
greatly depends upon the definition of the term 
" badge ; " and if we are to determine the 
definition to accord with the manner of the 
usage at the period when the use of badges was 
greatest, then many of the earliest cannot be 
considered as coming within the limits. 

In later Plantagenet days, badges were of 
considerable importance, and certain cha- 
racteristics are plainly marked. Badges were 
never worn by the owner — in the sense in 
which he carried his shield, or bore his crest ; 
they were his sign-mark indicative of owner- 
ship ; they were stamped upon his belongings 
in the same way in which Government property 
is marked with the broad arrow ; and they were 
worn by his servants. They were ordinarily 
and regularly worn by his retainers, and very 
probably also worn more or less temporarily by 
adherents of his party, if he were big enough to 
lead a party in the State. And at aU times 
badges had very extensive decorative use. 

There was never any fixed form for the 
badge ; there was never any fixed manner of 

14 



Heraldic Badges 



usage. I can find no fixed laws of inheritance, 
no common method of assumption. In fact, 
the use of a badge, in the days when everybody 
who was anybody possessed arms, was quite 
subsidiary to that of the arms, and very much 
akin to the manner in which nowadays mono- 
grams are made use of. At the same time, care 
must be taken to distinguish the " badge " from 
the "rebus," and also from the temporary devices 
which we read about as having been so often 
adopted for the purpose of the tournament 
when the combatant desired his identity to be 
concealed. 

Modern novelists and poets give us plenty 
of illustrations of the latter kind, but proof of 
the fact even that they were ever adopted in 
that form is by no means easy to find, though 
their professedly temporary nature of course 
militates against the likelihood of contemporary 
record. The rebus had never any heraldic status, 
and it had seldom more than a temporary exist- 
ence. A fanciful device adopted (we hear of 
many such instances) for the temporary purpose 
of a tournament could generally be so classed, 
but the rebus proper was some device, usually 
a pictorial rendering of the name of the person 
for whom it stood. In such a category would 
also be included many if not most printers' and 

15 



Heraldic Badges 



masons' marks ; but probably the definition of 
Dr. Johnson of the word " rebus," as a word 
represented by a picture, is as good a definition 
and description as can be given. The rebus in 
its nature is a different thing from a badge, and 
may best be described as a pictorial signature, 
the most frequent occasion for its use being in 
architectural surroundings, where it was con- 
stantly introduced as a pun upon some name 
which it was desired to perpetuate. The best- 
known and perhaps the most typical and cha- 
racteristic rebus' is that of Islip, the builder of 
part of Westminster Abbey. Here the pictured 
punning representation of his name had nothing 
to do with his armorial bearings or personal 
badge ; but the great difficulty, in dealing with 
both badge and rebus, is the difficulty of 
knowing which is which, for very frequently 
the same or a similar device was used for both 
purposes. Parker, in his glossary of heraldic 
terms, gives several typical examples of rebuses 
which very aptly illustrate their status and 
meaning. 

At Lincoln College, Oxford, and on other 
buildings connected with Thomas Beckynton, 
Bishop of Bath and Wells, will be found carved 
the rebus of a beacon issuing from a tun. This 
is found in conjunction with the letter T for 

i6 



Heraldic Badges 



the Christian name, Thomas. Now, this design 
was not his coat of arms, and was not his crest, 
nor was it his badge. Another rebus which is 
found at Canterbury shows an ox and the letters 
N E as the rebus of John Oxney. A rebus 
which indicates Thomas Conyston, Abbot of 
Cirencester, which can be found in Gloucester 
Cathedral, is a comb and a tun ; and the printer's 
mark of Richard Grifton, which is a good ex- 
ample of a rebus and its use, was a tree (a graft) 
growing on a tun. In none of these cases do 
the designs mentioned form any part of the 
arms, crest, or badge of the person mentioned. 
Rebuses of this character abound on all our 
ancient buildings, and their use has lately come 
very prominently into favour in connection with 
the many allusive book-plates, the designs of 
which originate in some play upon the name. 

The words "device," "ensign/* and "cogni- 
zance" have no definite heraldic meaning, and 
are used impartially to apply to the crest, the 
badge, and sometimes to the arms upon the 
shield, so that they may be eliminated from 
consideration. There remain, therefore, the 
crest and the badge between which to draw a 
definite line of distinction. The real difference 
lay in the method of use, though there is a 
difference of form, recognizable by an expert, 

17 B 



Heraldic Badges 



but difficult to describe. The crest was the 
ornament upon the helmet, seldom if ever 
actually worn, and never used except by the 
person to whom it belonged. The badge, on 
the other hand, was never placed upon the 
helmet, but was worn by the servants and 
retainers, and was used right and left on the 
belongings of the owner as a sign of his owner- 
ship. So great and extensive at one period was 
the use of these badges, that they were far more 
generally employed than either arms or crest ; 
and whilst the knowledge pf a man's badge or 
badges would be everyday knowledge and com- 
mon repute throughout the kingdom, few people 
would know a man's crest, fewer still would ever 
have seen it worn. 

It is merely an exaggeration of the difficulty 
that we are always in uncertainty whether any 
given device was merely a piece of decoration 
borrowed from the arms or crest, or whether 
it had continued usage as a badge. In the same 
way, many families who had never used a crest, 
but who had used badges, took the opportunity 
of the Visitations to record their badges as crests. 
A notable example of the subsequent record of 
a badge as a crest is met with in the Stourton 
family. Their crest, originally a buck's head, 

but after the marriage with the heiress of Le 

i8 



Heraldic Badges 



Moigne, a demi-monk, can be readily substan- 
tiated, as can their badge of the "drag," or 
sledge. At one of the Visitations, however, a 
cadet of the Stourton family recorded the sledge 
as a crest. 

Uncertainty also arises from the lack of 
precision in the diction employed at all periods, 
the words "badge," "device," and "crest" 
having so often been used interchangeably. 

Another difficulty which is met with in regard 
to badges is that, with the exception of the 
extensive records of the Royal badges and some 
other more or less informal lists of badges of the 
principal personages at different periods, badges 
were never a subject of official record. Whilst 
it is difficult to determine the initial point as to 
whether any particular device is a badge or not, 
the difficulty of deducing rules concerning badges 
becomes practically impossible, and after most 
careful consideration I have come to the con- 
clusion that there never were any hard-and-fast 
rules relating to badges ; that they were originally, 
and were allowed to remain, matters of personal 
fancy ; and that although well-known cases can 
be found where the same badge has been used 
generation after generation, those cases may 
perhaps be the exception rather than the rule. 
Badges should be considered and accepted in the 

19 



Heraldic Badges 



general run as not being matters of permanence, 
and as of little importance except during the time 
from about the reign of Edward III. to about the 
reign of Henry VIII. Their principal use upon 
the clothes of the retainers came to an end by 
the creation of the standing army, the begin- 
ning of which can be traced to the reign of 
Henry VIIL, and as badges never had any 
ceremonial use to perpetuate their status, their 
importance almost ceased altogether at that 
period, except as regards the Royal Family. 

Speaking broadly, regularized and recorded 
heraldic control as a matter of operative fact 
dates little, if any, further back than the end of 
the reign of Henry VIIL, consequently badges 
originally do not appear to have been taken 
much cognizance of by the heralds. Their 
actual use from that period onwards rapidly 
declined, and hence the absence of record. 

Though the use of badges has become very 
restricted, there are still one or two occasions 
on which badges are used as badges in the 
style formerly in vogue. Perhaps the case 
which is most familiar is to be found in the use 
of the broad arrow which marks Government 
stores. It is a curious commentary upon heraldic 
officialdom and its ways that, though this is the 
only badge which has really any extensive use, it 

20 



Heraldic Badges 



is not a Crown badge in any degree. Although 
this origin has been disputed, it is said to have 
originated in the fact that one of the Sydney 
family, when Master of the Ordnance, to prevent 
disputes as to the stores for which he was re- 
sponsible, marked everything with his private 
badge of the broad arrow, and this private badge 
has since remained in constant use. One won- 
ders at what date the officers of His Majesty 
will observe that this has become one of His 
Majesty's recognized badges, and will include 
it with the other Royal badges in the warrants in 
which they are recited. Already more than two 
centuries have passed since it first came into 
use, and either they should represent to the 
Government that the pheon is not a Crown 
mark, and that some recognized Royal badge 
should be used in its place, or else they should 
place its status upon a definite footing. 

Another instance of a badge used at the 
present day in the ancient manner is the con- 
joined rose, thistle, and shamrock, which is 
embroidered front and back upon the tunics of 
the Beefeaters and the Yeomen of the Guard 
(Fig. i). The crowned harps which are worn 
by the Royal Irish Constabulary are another 
instance of the kind, but though a certain 
number of badges are recited in the warrant 

21 



Heraldic Badges 



each time any alteration or declaration of the 
Royal arms occurs, their use has now become 
very limited. Present badges are the crowned 
rose for England (Fig. 2), the crowned thistle 
for Scotland (Fig. 3), and the crowned trefoil 
(Fig. 4), and the crowned harp for Ireland 
(Fig. 5) ; whilst for the Union there is the 
conjoined rose, thistle, and shamrock under the 
crown (Fig. 6), and the crowned shield which 
carries the device of the Union Jack (Fig. 7). 
The badge of Wales, which has existed for long 
enough, is the uncrowned dragon upon a mount 
vert (Fig. 8) ; and the crowned cyphers, one 
within and one without the garter, are also 
depicted upon the warrant. These badges, 
which appear on the Sovereign's warrant, are 
never assigned to any other member of the 
Royal Family, of whom the Prince of Wales' 
is the only one who rejoices in the possession 
of officially assigned badges. The badge of 
the eldest son of the Sovereign, as such, and 
not as Prince of Wales, is the plume of three 
ostrich feathers, enfiled with the circlet from 
his coronet (Fig. 9). Recently an additional 
badge (on a mount vert, a dragon passant gules, 
charged on the shoulder with a label of three 
points argent) has been assigned to His Royal 

Highness. This action was taken with the 

22 




Fig. 2. 
England. 



^m 




j ^^^ffl / 




Fig. 4. 
Ireland. 



Fig. 8. 

Wales. 





Fig. 3. 
Scotland. 



Fig. 5. 
Ireland. 






Fig. 6. 
United Kingdom. 



Fig. 7. 
United Kingdom. 




Fig. 9. 
Heir- 
Apparent. 



Badges of the Sovereign, etc., from the Royal Warrants. 



Heraldic Badges 



desire in some way to gratify the forcibly- 
expressed wishes of Wales, and it is probable 
that, the precedent having been set, it will be 
assigned to all those who may bear the title of 
the Prince of Wales in future. 

The only instances I am personally aware of, 
in which a real badge of ancient origin is still 
worn by the servants, are the cases of the State 
liveries of the Earl of Yarborough, whose ser- 
vants wear an embroidered buckle, and of Lord 
Mowbray and Stourton, whose servants wear 
an embroidered sledge (Fig. 42). The family 
of Daubeney of Cote still bear the old Dau- 
beney badge (Fig. 32) ; Lord Stafford still uses 
his "Stafford knot" (Fig. 22). I believe the 
servants of Lord Braye still wear the badge of 
the hemp-brake, and those of the Earl of 
Loudoun wear the Hastings maunch ; and 
doubtless there are a few other instances. 
When the old families were^ becoming greatly 
reduced in number, and the nobility and the 
upper classes were being recruited from families 
of later origin, the wearing of badges, like so 
much else connected with heraldry, became lax 
in its practice. 

The servants of all the great nobles in ancient 
days appear to have worn the badges of their 
masters in a manner similar to the use of the 

23 



Heraldic Badges 



Royal badge by the Yeomen of the Guard, 
although sometimes the badge was embroidered 
upon the sleeve ; and the wearing of the badge 
by the retainers was the chief and principal use 
to which badges were anciently put. Nisbet 
alludes on this point to a paragraph from the 
Act for the Order of the Riding of Parliament 
in 1 68 1, which says that "the noblemen's 
lacqueys may have over their liveries velvet 
coats with their badges, i.e, their crests and 
mottoes done on plate, or embroidered on the 
back and breast conform to ancient custom." 
A curious survival of these plates is to be 
found in the large silver plaques worn by so 
many bank messengers. 

Badges appear, however, to have been fre- 
quently depicted seme upon the lambrequins of 
armorial achievements, as will be seen from 
many of the Old Garter plates ; but here, 
again, it is not always easy to distinguish be- 
tween definite badges and artistic decoration, 
nor between actual badges in use and mere 
appropriately selected charges from the shield. 

The water-bougets of Lord Berners ; the knot 
of Lord Stafford, popularly known as " the 
Stafford knot;" the Harington fret; the ragged 
staff or the bear and the ragged staff of Lord 
Warwick (this being really a conjunction of 

24 



Heraldic Badges 



two separate devices) ; the rose of England, 
the thistle of Scotland, and the sledge of 
Stourton ; the hemp-brake of Lord Braye, 
wherever met with, are all readily recognized as 
badges ; but there are many badges which it is 
difficult to distinguish from crests, and even 
some which in all respects would appear to be 
more correctly regarded as arms. 

It is a point worthy of consideration whether 
or not a badge needs a background ; here, again, 
it is a matter most difficult to determine, but it 
is singular that in any matter of record the badge 
is almost invariably depicted upon a background, 
either of a standard or a mantling, or upon the 
" field " of a roundel ; and it may well be that 
their use in such circumstances as the two cases 
first mentioned, may have only been considered 
correct when the colour of the mantling or the 
standard happened to be the right colour for 
the background of the badge. 

Badges are most usually met with in stained 
glass upon roundels of some colour or colours, 
and though one would hesitate to assert it as an 
actual fact, there are many instances which would 
lead one to suppose that the background of a 
badge was usually the livery colour or colours 
of its then owner, or of the family from which it 
was originally inherited. Certain is it that there 

25 



Heraldic Badges 



are very few contemporary instances of badges 
which, when emblazoned, are not upon the 
known livery colours ; and, if this fact be ac- 
cepted, then one is perhaps justified in assuming 
all to be livery colours, and we get at once a 
ready explanation on several points which have 
long puzzled antiquaries. The name of Edward 
" the Black Prince '* has often been a matter 
of discussion, and the children's history books 
tell us that the nickname originated from the 
colour of his armour. This may be true 
enough, but as most armour would be black 
when it was unpolished, and as all armour was 
either polished or dull, the probabilities are not 
very greatly in its favour. Though there can 
be found instances, it was not a usual custom 
for any one to paint his armour red or green. 
Even if the armour of the Prince were enamelled 
black, it would be so usually hidden by his 
surcoat that he is hardly likely to have been 
nicknamed from it. It seems to me far more 
probable that black was the livery colour of the 
Black Prince, and that his own retainers and 
followers wore the livery of black. If that 
were the case, one understands at once how he 
would obtain the nickname. The nickname is 
doubtless contemporary. A curious confirma- 
tion of my supposition is met with in the fact 

26 



Heraldic Badges 



that his shield for peace was : " Sable, three 
ostrich feathers two and one, the quill of each 
passing through a scroll argent." There we 
get the undoubted badge of the ostrich feather, 
which was originally borne singly, depicted 
upon his livery colour — black. 

The badges depicted in Prince Arthur's Book 
in the College of Arms {vide Figs. 34, 35, 
36, 37, 45, and 46), an important source of 
our knowledge upon the subject, are all upon 
backgrounds, and the curious divisions of the 
colours on the backgrounds would seem to 
show that each badge had its own background, 
several badges being only met with upon the 
same ground when that happens to be the true 
background belonging to them. But in attempt- 
ing to deduce rules, it should be remembered 
that in all and every armorial matter there was 
greater laxity of rule at the period of the actual 
use of arms as a reality of life than it was 
possible to permit when the multiplication of 
arms as paper insignia made regulation necessary 
and more restrictive ; so that an occasional 
variation from any deduction need not neces- 
sarily vitiate the conclusion, even in a matter 
exclusively relating to the shield. How 
much more, then, must we remain in doubt 
when dealing with badges which appear to 

27 



Heraldic Badges 



have been so largely a matter of personal 
caprice. 

It is a striking comment that, of all the 
badges presently to be referred to of the Staf- 
ford family, each single one is depicted upon a 
background. It is a noticeable fact that of the 
eighteen "badges" exemplified (Fig. ii) as 
belonging to the family of Stafford, nine are upon 
party-coloured fields. This is not an unreason- 
able proportion if the fields are considered to 
be the livery colours of the families from 
whom the badges were originally derived, but 
it is altogether out of proportion to the number 
of shields in any roll of arms which would have 
the field party per pale, or party in any other 
form of division. With the exception of the 
second badge, which is on a striped background 
of green and white, all the party backgrounds 
are party per pale, which was the most usual 
way of depicting a livery in the few records 
which have come down to us of the heraldic 
use of livery colours ; and of the eighteen badges, 
no less than eight are upon a party-coloured 
field of which the dexter is sable and the sinister 
gules. 

Scarlet and black are known to have been 
the livery colours of Edward Stafford, Duke of 
Buckingham, who was beheaded in 1521. The 

28 



Heraldic Badges 



arms of the town of Buckingham are on a field 
per pale sable and gules. 

With regard to the descent of badges and 
the laws which govern their descent, still less 
is known. The answer to the question, " How 
did badges descend?" is simply, "Nobody- 
knows." One can only hazard opinions more 
or less pious, of more or less value. It is 
distinctly a point upon which it is risky to be 
dogmatic, and for which we must wait for the 
development of the revival of the granting of 
standards. As cases occur for decision, prece- 
dents will be found and disclosed. Whilst the 
secrecy of the records of the College of Arms 
is so jealously preserved, it is impossible to 
speak definitely at present, for an exact and 
comprehensive knowledge of exact and autho- 
ritative instances of fact is necessary before a 
decision can be definitely put forward. Unless 
some officer of arms will carefully collate the 
information which can be gleaned from the 
records in the College of Arms which are rele- 
vant to the subject, it does not seem likely that 
our knowledge will advance greatly. 

In recently reading through the evidence of 
the Stafford Peerage case, a certain document 
which was then put in evidence excited my 
curiosity, and I have been at pains to procure 

29 



Heraldic Badges 



a copy of the grant or exemplification of the 
Stafford badges to the Earl of Stafford, pater- 
nally and by male descent Howard, but who 
was known by the name of Stafford-Howard, 
and who was the heir-general of the Stafford 
family. To make the matter complete, perhaps 
it will be well to first reprint a certain clause in 
the Act of Restoration, i Edward VI., upon 
which was based the necessity for action by the 
Crown — 

"And that the said Henry and theirs 
Males of his Bodye shall and may by 
Aucthoritie of the Acte be restored and 
inhabled from hensfurthe to beare and 
give and singuler suche the Armes of the 
Barons of Stafforde as the same Barons 
and Ancesto'^ to yo"" saide Subjecte have 
doon and used to doo in the tyme of your 
noble Progenif^ before theie or anny of 
them were called or created Earles or 
Dukes without chalenging bearing or 
giving any other Armes that were of the 
said late Dukes his Father." 

The Stafford descent and attainders with 
the restorations will be found detailed in the 
pages of the Genealogical Magazine^ September 
and October, 1900. Here it will be sufficient 

30 



Heraldic Badges 



to point out that by restricting the Act to the 
arms of the Barons Stafford, any claim to the 
Royal arms inherited after they became Earls 
of Stafford was prevented. It is curious that, 
whilst the heir-general was held to be de- 
barred from succession to the barony which 
was restored to the heir male, the former 
was not debarred from succession to the Royal 
quarterings which were specifically withheld from 
the heir male. The "opinion" referred to 
subsequently might throw some light upon the 
point were it available. 

Suffice it to say that the following is a 
verbatim extract from the Stafford Minutes of 
Evidence : — 

" Mr. Adam, the Counsel for the Peti- 
tioner, stated, they would next produce 
a Register in the College of Arms of a 
Petitionary Letter dated the 26th April 
1720 from William Stafford to Henry 
Bowes Howard Earl of Berkshire, Deputy 
Earl Marshall, desiring to have assigned 
to him such Supporters as his Grandfather 
William the last Viscount Stafford used 
in his Life Time, and that the Arms of 
Woodstock and Stafford might be quartered 
with his Paternal Arms, and depicted in 

31 



Heraldic Badges 



the margin of the Grant with the Badges 
of the Family of Stafford. 

"Also the Register in the College of 
Arms of a Warrant dated the 3rd of May 
1720 from the Earl of Berkshire to John 
Antis Esquire Garter Principal King of 
Arms, ordering him to grant Supporters 
and Arms to the said Earl of Stafford ; 
also the Register in the College of Arms 
to the opinion of Nathaniel Pigot Esquire, 
dated the 20th January 17 19, that their 
Heirs general of the restored Henry Lord 
Stafford were not affected by the Restric- 
tion in the Act of the ist of Edward the 
6th on the Heirs Male of the said restored 
Henry Lord Stafford to the bearing of 
Arms ; and the Register in the College 
of Arms dated the ist of August 1720 
of a grant of Supporters to William Stafford 
Howard Earl of Stafford expressing that 
the Arms of Thomas of Woodstock Duke 
of Gloucester were depicted in the margin 
and quartered as the same were borne by the 
Staffords, Dukes of Buckingham, with 18 
Badges belonging to the family of Stafford. 

"Whereupon Francis Townsend Es- 
quire was again called in, and producing 
a Book, was examined as follows : — 

32 



Heraldic Badges 



*' ' What is that you have before you ? * 
"'It is a Book containing Entries of 

Grants of Coats of Arms and Supporters ; 

it is the Seventh Volume of a Series/ 
" ' From whence do you bring it ? ' 
" ' From the Heralds College/ 
" ' Is that an official copy of the grant ? ' 
" ' It is an official record of the whole 

process relating to it/ 

"'Turn to April 26, 1720, and read 

the entry/ 

"'Read the following entries in the 



same' 



" My Lord, 

"Whereas his late Majesty King 
James the Second was pleased by Letters 
Patents under the Great Seal to create my 
late Uncle Henry Earl of StaffiDrd with re- 
mainder for want of Issue Male to him to 
John and Francis his Brothers and the 
Heirs Male of their Bodies respectively by 
means whereof the said Title is now vested 
in me the Son and heir of the said John : 
And it being an indisputable right belong- 
ing to the Peers to have Supporters to their 
Arms and my said Uncle having omitted to 
take any Grant thereof (as I am informed) 

33 c 



Heraldic Badges 



Is usually practised on such Occasions I 
desire y Lo^ would please to Issue proper 
directions for the assigning to me such 
Supporters as my Grandfather the late 
Viscount Stafford used In his life time, to 
be born by me and such on whom the said 
Honor is settled. 

"And whereas by my Descent from 
my Grandmother, Mary late Countess of 
Stafford, I am entitled (as I am advised 
by Council) to the Arms and Quarterlngs 
of her Family, I desire the Arms of Wood- 
stock and Stafford may be quartered with 
my Paternal Arms and depicted in the 
Margin of the said Grant, together with 
the Badges which have been born and 
used by the Family of Stafford : This will 
extremely oblige 

" Yo" LordsP^ 

" most affectionate Kinsman 
" and humble Servant, 
" Stafford. 

"Ap. 26, 1720." 

" Whereas the Rt Hon^^^ William Staf- 
ford Howard Earl of Stafford hath by 
Letter represented unto me that his late 

34 



Heraldic Badges 



Majesty King James the Second was 
pleased by Letters Patent under the Great 
Seal to create his late Uncle Henry Earl of 
Stafford with remainder for want of Issue 
Male to him to John and Francis his 
Brothers, and the Heirs Male of their 
Bodies respectively by means whereof the 
said Title is now vested in him, the Son 
and Heir of the said John ; and it being 
an indisputable Right belonging to the 
Peers of this Realm to have Supporters 
added to their Arms, and his said Uncle 
having omitted to take any Grant as (he is 
informed) is usually practiced on such 
occasions, has therefore desired my War- 
rant for the assigning to him such Sup- 
porters as his Grandfather the late Viscount 
Stafford used in his life time to be born 
and used by him and such on whom the 
said Honour is settled : And whereas he 
hath further represented to me that by his 
Descent from his Grandmother Mary late 
Countess of Stafford he is entituled (as he 
is advised by Counsil) to the Arms and 
Quarterings of her Family and has further 
desired that the Arms of Woodstock and 
Stafford may be quartered with his Paternal 
Arms and depicted in the Margin of the 

35 



Heraldic Badges 



said Grant together with the Badges which 
have been born and used by ,^«f ^Family of 
Stafford, I, Henry Bowes Howard Earl of 
Berkshire Deputy (with the Royal Appro- 
bation) to the Most Noble Thomas Duke 
of Norfolk Earl Marshal and Hereditary 
Marshal of England, considering the Re- 
quest of the said Henry Stafford Howard 
Earl of Stafford, and also the Opinion of 
Counsel learned in the law hereunto an- 
nexed, do hereby Order and Direct you to 
grant and assign to him the same Supporters 
as his Grandfather the late Viscount Staf- 
ford used in his life time ; To be born 
and used by him and such, on whom the 
said Honour is settled ; and that you cause 
to be depicted in the Margin of the said 
Grant the Arms of Thomas of Woodstock 
Duke of Gloucester, and Stafford Quartered 
with his Lordships Arms together with the 
Badges which have been born and used by 
the said Family of Stafford ; Requiring you 
to take care that the said Letter, these 
Presents, the said Opinion of Counsil that 
y° Grant be duely entered by the Register 
in the College of Arms : For all which 
Purposes this shall be your sufficient 
Warrant. 

36 



Heraldic Badges 



cc 



Given under my Hand Seal this third 
day ^ May Anno Dfii 1720. 

" Berkshire. 

" To John Anstis Esq'' Garter 
" Principal King of Arms. 

"Then the Witness being about to read 
the Registry of the Opinion of Counsel, as 
stated by M'^ Adam ; 

" M'' Attorney General objected to the 
same. 

" M'' Adam, Counsel for the Petitioner, 
waived the Production of it. 

" Read from the same Book the following 
Entry : — 

"To all and singular to whom the 
Presents shall come, John Anstis Esq' 
Garter principal King of Arms, sends 
greeting, Whereas his late Majesty King 
James the Second by Letters Patents under 
the Great Seal, did create Henry Stafford 
Howard to be Earl of Stafford, to have and 
hold the same to him and the heirs males 
of his body ; and for default thereof to 
John and Francis his Brothers and the heirs 
male of their bodies respectively, whereby 

37 



Heraldic Badges 



the said Earldom is now legally vested 
in the right Hon^^^ William Stafford 
Howard Son and Heir of the said John ; 
and in regard that y^ said Henry late Earl 
of Stafford omitted to take any Grant of 
Supporters, which the Peers of this Realm 
have an indisputable Right to use and bear, 
the right Hon^^^ Henry Bowes Howard 
Earl of Berkshire Deputy (with the Royal 
Approbation) of his Grace Thomas Howard 
Duke of Norfolk Earl Marshall and Here- 
ditary Marshall of England hath been 
pleased to direct me to grant to the said 
right Hon^^^ William Stafford Howard Earl 
of Stafford the Supporters formerly granted 
to y^ late Viscount Stafford, Grandfather to 
the said Earl ; as also to order me to cause 
to be depicted in the Margin of my said 
Grant y^ Arms of Thomas of Woodstock 
Duke of Gloucester quartered with the 
Arms of the said Earl of Stafford, together 
with the Badges of the said Noble Family 
of Stafford : Now these presents Witness 
that according to the consent of the said 
Earl of Berkshire signified under his Lord- 
ship's hand and seal I do by the Authority 
and power annexed to my Office hereby 
grant and assign to y^ Right Honourable 

38 




Fig. 10. 

The arms of William (Stafford-Howard), Earl of Stafford, from the 

Patent of Exemplification. 



Heraldic Badges 



William Stafford Howard Earl of Stafford, 
the following Supporters which were here- 
tofore borne by the late Lord Viscount 
Stafford, that is to say, on the Dexter side 
a Lion Argent, and on the Sinister Side a 
Swan surgiant Argent Gorged with a Ducal 
Coronet per Pale Gules and Sable beaked 
and membered of the Second ; to be used 
and borne at all times and upon all occa- 
sions by the said Earl of Stafford of the 
heirs males of his body, and such persons 
to whom the said Earldom shall descend 
according to the Law and Practice of Arms 
without the let or interruption of any Per- 
son or Persons whatsoever. And in pur- 
suance of the Warrant of the said Earl of 
Berkshire, The Arms of Thomas of Wood- 
stock Duke of Gloucester, as the same are 
on a Plate remaining in the Chapel of 
St. George within y^ Castle of Windsor, 
set up there for his Descendant the Duke 
of Buckingham are depicted in the Margin 
(Fig. 1 1 ), and quartered in such place and 
manner as the same were formerly borne 
by the Staffords Dukes of Buckingham, 
together with Eighteen badges belonging 
to the said most ancient and illustrious 
Family of Stafford, as the same are 

39 



Heraldic Badges 



represented in a Manuscript remaining in 
the College of Arms. In witness whereof 
I the said Garter have hereto subscribed 
my Name and affixed the Seal of my 
Office this First day of August Anno 
Domini 1720. 

"John Anstis Garter 

Principal King of Arms. 



C( 



" The Witness was directed to withdraw. 



>> 



It may be of interest to call attention to the 
fact that the Royal arms were displayed before 
those of StaffiDrd. 

On the face of it, the document, as far as 
it relates to the badges, is no more than a 
certificate or exemplification, in which case it 
is undoubted evidence that badges descend to 
the heir-general, as do quarterings ; but there 
is the possibility that the document is a re- 
grant in the nature of an exemplification follow- 
ing a Royal licence, or a re-grant to remove 
uncertainty as to the attainder. And if the 
document, as far as its relation to the badges 
goes, has any of the character of a grant, it can 
have but little value as evidence of the descent 
of badges. It is remarkable that it is abso- 
lutely silent as to the future destination of the 

40 




Fig. II. 
The Stafford "badges" as exemplified. {Vide also one on page 4.1.) 



Heraldic Badges 



badges. The real fact is that the whole subject 
of the descent and devolution of badges is 
shrouded in mystery. Each of the badges is 
depicted within a circle adorned with the suc- 
cession of Stafford knots, as is shown in the 
first instance in the text. 

Five of these badges appear upon a well- 
known portrait of Edward, Duke of Bucking- 
ham. The fact that some of these badges are 
really crests depicted 
upon wreaths, goes far 
as an authority for the 
use of a crest upon 
livery buttons for the 
purposes of a badge. 

In ancient days, all 
records seemed to point 
to the fact that badges 
were personal, and that though they were worn 
by the retainers, they were the property of the 
head of the family, rather than (as the arms) of 
the whole family ; and though the information 
available is meagre to the last degree, it would 
appear probable that in cases where their use by 
other members of the family than the head of 
the house can be proved, the likelihood is that 
the cadets would render feudal service and would 
wear the badge as retainers of the man whose 

41 




Fig. II. 



Heraldic Badges 



standard they followed into battle, so that we 
should expect to find the badge following the 
same descent as the peerage, together with the 
lands and liabilities which accompanied it. This 
undoubtedly makes for the inheritance of a badge 
upon the same line of descent as a barony by 
writ, and such a method of inheritance accounts 
for the known descent of most of the badges 
heraldically familiar to us. Probably we shall be 
right in so accepting it. But on the other hand 
a careful examination of the Book of Standards 
now preserved in the College of Arms provides 
several examples charged with marks of cadency. 
But here again one is in ignorance whether this 
is an admission of inheritance by cadets, or 
whether the cases should be considered as grants 
of differenced versions to cadets. 

This, then, gives us the badges, the property 
in and of which, I assume, would descend to 
the heir-general (and perhaps also to cadets), 
whilst it would be used (if there were no in- 
herited right) in token of allegiance or service, 
actual, quasi-actual, or sentimental, by the cadets 
of the house and their servants ; for whilst the 
use of the cockade is a survival of the right to 
be waited on and served by a soldier servant, 
the use of a badge by a cadet may be a survival 
and reminder of the day when, until they 

42 



Heraldic Badges 



married heiresses and continued or founded 
other families, the cadets of a house owed and 
gave military services to the head of their own 
family, and in return were supported by him. 

The use of badges having been so limited, 
the absence of rule and regulation leaves it very 
much a matter of personal taste how badges, 
where they exist, shall be heraldically depicted, 
and perhaps it is better to leave their manner 
of display to artistic requirements. The most 
usual place, when depicted in conjunction with 
an achievement, is on either side of the crest, 
and they may well be depicted in that position. 
Where they exist, however, they ought un- 
doubtedly to be continued in use upon the 
liveries of the servants, and the present practice 
is for them to be placed on the livery buttons, 
and embroidered upon the epaulettes or on 
the sleeves of State liveries. Undoubtedly the 
former practice of placing the badge upon the 
servants' livery is the precursor of the present 
vogue of placing crests upon livery buttons, 
and many heraldic writers complain of the im- 
propriety of placing the crest in such a position. 

I am not sure that I myself may not have 
been guilty in this way, but when one bears in 
mind the number of cases in which the badge and 
the crest are identical, and when, as in the above 

43 



Heraldic Badges 



instance, devices which are undoubtedly crests 
are exemplified as and termed " badges," even as 
such being represented upon wreaths, and even 
in that form granted upon standards, whilst in 
other cases the action has been the reverse, it 
leaves one under the necessity of being careful 
in making definite assertions. 

Having dealt with the laws (if there ever 
were any) and the practice concerning the use 
and display of badges in former days, it will be 
of interest to notice some of those which were 
anciently in use. I have already referred to the 
badge of the ostrich feathers, now borne ex- 
clusively by the heir apparent to the throne. 
The old legend that the Black Prince won the 
badge at the battle of Crecy by the capture of 
John, King of Bohemia, together with the 
motto " Ich dien," has been long since exploded. 
Sir Harris Nicolas brought to notice the fact 
that among certain pieces of plate belonging to 
Queen Philippa of Hainault was a large silver- 
gilt dish enamelled with a black escutcheon 
with ostrich feathers, "vno scuch' nigro cum 
pennis de ostrich," and upon the strength of 
that, suggested that the ostrich feather was 
probably originally a badge of the Counts of 
Hainault derived from the county of Ostrevans, 
a title which was held by their eldest sons. 

44 



Heraldic Badges 



The suggestion in itself seems probable enough, 
and may be correct, but it would not account for 
the use of the ostrich feathers by the Mowbray 
family, who did not descend from the marriage 
of Edward III. and Philippa of Hainault. 

Contemporary proof of the use of badges is 
often difficult to find. The Mowbrays had 
many badges, and certainly do not appear to 
have made any very extensive use of the ostrich 
feathers. But there seems to be very definite 
authority for the existence of the badge. There 
is in one of the records of the College of Arms 
(R. 22, 67), which is itself a copy of another 
record, the following statement : — 

"The discent of Mowbray written at 
length in lattin from the Abby booke of 
newborough wherein Rich 2 gaue to 
Thomas Duke of norff. and Erie Marshall 
the armes of Saint Edward Confessor in 
theis words : — ^ Et dedit eidem Thome 
ad pertandum in sigillo et vexillo quo 
arma Sti Edwardi Idcirco arma bipartata 
portavit sciF 't. Sci Edwardi et domini 
marcialis angliae cum duabus pennis stru- 
tionis erectis et super crestam leonem et 
duo parva scuta cum leonibus et utraq' 
parto predictorum armorum." 

45 



Heraldic Badges 



Accompanying this is a rough-tricked sketch 
of the arms upon which the illustration (Fig. 
12) has been based. Below this extract in 
the College Records is written in another hand : 
*-' I find this then in ye chancell window of 
Effingham by Bungay in the top of the cot 
window with Mowbraye & Segrave on the 
side in glass there." 

Who the writer was I am unaware. He 
appends a further sketch to his note, which 
slightly differs. No helmet or crest is shown, 
and the central shield has only the arms of 
Thomas of Brotherton. The feathers which 
flank it are both enfiled below the shield by 
one coronet. Of the smaller shields at the 
side, the dexter bears the arms of Mowbray, 
and the sinister those of Segrave. Possibly 
the Mowbrays as recognized members of the 
Royal Family bore the badge by subsequent 
grant and authorization, and not on the simple 
basis of inheritance. 

An ostrich feather piercing a scroll was cer- 
tainly the favourite badge of the Black Prince, 
and so appears on several of his seals, and 
triplicated it appears on his " shield for peace " 
(Fig. 14), which set up under the instructions 
in his will, still remains on his monument in 
Canterbury Cathedral, 

'46 




Fig. 12. 

The arms, crest, and badge of Thomas (de Mowbray), first Duke 

of Norfolk. 



Heraldic Badges 



The arms of Sir Roger de Clarendon, the 
illegitimate son of the Black Prince were 
derived from this " shield for peace," which 
I take it was not really a coat of arms at 
all but merely the badge of the- Prince de- 
picted upon his livery colour, and which 
might equally have been displayed upon 
a roundel. In the form of a shield bearing 
three feathers the badge occurs on the obverse 
of the second seal of Henry IV. in 141 1. A 
single ostrich feather with the motto " Ich 
dien " upon the scroll is to be seen on the seal 
of Edward, Duke of York, who was killed at 
the battle of Agincourt in 141 5. Henry IV. 
as Duke of Lancaster placed on either side of 
his escutcheon an ostrich feather with a garter 
or belt carrying the motto " Sovereygne 
twined round the feather. John of Gaunt used 
the badge with a chain laid along the quill, and 
Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, used it with a 
garter and buckle instead of the chain ; whilst 
ohn Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, placed an 
trich feather on each side of his shield, the 
Us in his case being compony argent and 
re, like the bordure round his arms. 
There is a note in Harl. MS. 304, folio 12, 
;.ich, if it be strictly accurate, is of some 
nportance. It is to the effect that the 

47 



Heraldic Badges 



"feather silver with the pen gold is .e 
King's, the ostrich feather pen and all silver 
is the Prince's {i.e. the Prince of Wales), and 
the ostrich feather gold the pen ermine is the 
Duke of Lancaster's." That statement evi- 
dently relates to a time when the three were 
in existence contemporaneously, i.e. before the 
accession of Henry IV. In the reign of 
Richard II. there was no Prince of Wales. 
During the reign of Edward III., from 1376 
onwards, Richard, afterwards Richard II., was 
Prince of Wales, and John of Gaunt was Duke 
of Lancaster (so circa 1362). But John of Gaunt 
used the feather in the form above stated, and 
to find a Duke of Lancaster before John of 
Gaunt we must go back to before 1360, when 
we have Edward III. as King, the Black Prince 
as Prince, and Henry of Lancaster (father-in- 
law of John of Gaunt) as Duke of Lancaster. 
He derived from Henry III., and, like the 
Mowbrays, had no blood descent from Philippa 
of Hainault. This, then, would appear to be 
another reason why the origin suggested by Sir 
Harris Nicolas is incorrect. 

A curious confirmation of my suggestion 
that black was the livery colour of the Black 
Prince is found in the fact that there was in 
a window in St. Dunstan's Church, London, 

48 



Heraldic Badges 



withv a wreath of roses, on a roundel per pale 
sanguine and azure (these being unquestionably 
livery colours), a plume of ostrich feathers 
argent, quilled or enfiled by a scroll bearing the 
words *' Ich dien." Above was the Prince's 
coronet and the letters E. and P., one on each 
side of the plume. This was intended for 
Edward VI., doubtless being erected in the 
reign of Henry VIII . The badge in the form 
in which we know it, i,e, enfiled by the princely 
coronet (Fig. 9), dates from about the be- 
ginning of the Stuart dynasty, since when 
it appears to have been exclusively reserved 
for the eldest son and heir-apparent to the 
throne. At the same time, the right to the 
display of the badge would appear to have 
been reserved by the sovereign, and Woodward 
remarks — 

" On the Privy Seals of our Sovereigns 
the ostrich feather is still employed as a 
badge. The shield of arms is usually 
placed between two lions sejant guardant 
addorsed, each holding the feather. On 
the Privy Seal of Henry VIII. the feathers 
are used without the lions, and this was 
the case on the majority of the seals of the 
Duchy of Lancaster. On the reverse of 

49 D 



Heraldic Badges 



the present seal of the Duchy the feathers 
appear to be ermine.'' 

Fig. 13 shows the seal of James II. for the 
Duchy of Lancaster. The seal of the Lan- 
cashire County Council shows a shield sup- 
ported by two talbots sejant addorsed, each 
supporting in the exterior paw an ostrich 
feather seme-de-lis. It is possible that the 
talbots may be intended for lions and the 
fleurs-de-lis for ermine spots. The silver swan 
was one of the badges of King Henry V. It is 
derived from the De Bohuns, Mary de Bohun 
being the wife of Henry IV. From the De 
Bohuns it has been traced to the Mandevilles, 
Earls of Essex, who may have adopted it to 
typify their descent from Adam Fitz-Swanne, 
temp. Conquest. The badge of the white hart 
used by Richard II. has been traced by some 
writers from the white hind used as a bi dge by 
"Joan, the Fair Maid of Kent," the mother 
of Richard II., but it is probably a devir ^ pun- 
ning upon his name, " Rich-hart." Richard II. 
was not the heir of his mother. - Her heir 
was his half-brother Thomas Holand, Earl of 
Kent, who did use the badge of the hind, and 
perhaps the real truth is that the Earl of Kent 
having the better claim to the hind, Richard 

50 






/a 



X 



X. 










5 :/^ 






•^f' 



m^ 







[<^ 



■y .-, 













Fk;. 13. 

The SL-at^^t James II. for the Duch)- of Lancaster, showing the ostiich- 
j^ teather badjje. 



Heraldic Badges 



was under the necessity of making an alteration 
which the obvious pun upon his name sug- 
gested. There is no doubt that the crest of 
Ireland (a stag leaping from the gate of a 
castle) originated therefrom. 

The stag in this case was undoubtedly 
"lodged" in the earliest versions, as was the 
badge, and I have been much interested in 
tracing the steps by which the springing attitude 
has developed itself owing to the copying of 
badly drawn examples. Amongst the many 
Royal and other badges in the country there are 
some of considerable interest. Fig. 15 repre- 
sents the famous badge of the "broom-cod" 
or "planta genista," from which the name of 
the dynasty was derived. It appears to have been 
first used by King Henry II., though it figures 
in the decoration of the tomb of Geoffrey, 
Count of Anjou. " Peascod " Street in Windsor, 
of course, derives its name therefrom. The 
well-known badges of the white and red roses 
of York and Lancaster may perhaps be briefly 
referred to. Edward I. is said (Harl. MS. 304) 
to have used as a badge a rose or, stalked 
proper, and roses of gold and of white and of 
red subsequently figured largely amongst Royal 
badges. White and red were the livery colours 
of the Plantagenet kings, but it is not very 

51 



Heraldic Badges 



apparent how or why the one colour became 
identified with the Yorkist and the other with 
the Lancastrian faction ; unless the assertion of 
Camden be correct, that John of Gaunt took a 
red rose to his device by right of his wife the 
heir of Lancaster ''as {i.e. I take it because) 
Edmund of Langley, Duke of York, took the 
white rose." The white rose of York was a 
sign of the tenure of that honour by the castle 
or tower of Clifford. Fig. 1 6, the well-known 
device of the " rose-en-soleil," used by King 
Edward IV., was really a combination of two 
distinct badges, viz. "the blazing sun of 
York," and " the white rose of York." The 
rose again appears in Fig. 17, here dimidiated 
with the pomegranate of Catherine of Aragon. 
This is taken from the famous Tournament 
Roll (now in the College of Arms), which 
relates to the Tournament, 13 th and 14th of 
February, 15 10, to celebrate the birth of Prince 
Henry. 

Richard I., John, and Henry III. are all 
said to have used the device of the crescent and 
star (Fig. 18). Henry VII. is best known 
by his two badges of the crowned portcullis 
and the " sun-burst " (Fig. 19). The suggested 
origin of the former, that it was a pun on the 
name Tudor {i.e. two-door), is confirmed by 

52 





Fig. 14. 

The '■ shield for peace 
Black Prince. 



Fig. 



15- 



of the 



The famous " broom-cod " 
badge of the Plantagenet 
dynasty. 




Fig. 16. 

The "rose-en- solell," a 
favourite badge of King 
Edward IV. 




Fig. 



17- 



A conjunction of the Tudor 
rose of Henry VIII. and 
the pomegranate of Queen 
Katharine of Aragon. 



Heraldic Badges 



the motto "Altera securitas/* which was used 
with it, but at the same time is rather vitiated 
by the fact that is was also used by the 
Beauforts, who had no Tudor descent. Save 
a very tentative remark hazarded by Woodward, 
no explanation has as yet been suggested for 
the badge of the " sun-burst." My own strong 
conviction, based on the fact that this particular 
badge was principally used by Henry VII., who 
was always known as Henry of Windsor, is 
that it is nothing more than an attempt to 
pictorially represent the name " Windsor " by 
depicting " winds " of " or." The badge is 
also attributed to Edward III., and he, like 
Henry VII., made his principal residence at 
Windsor. Edward IV. also used the white 
lion of March (whence is derived the shield 
of Ludlow : " Azure, a lion couchant guardant 
between three roses argent," Ludlow being one 
of the fortified towns in the Welsh Marches), 
and the black bull, which, though often termed 
"of Clarence," is generally associated with the 
Duchy of Cornwall. Richard III., as Duke of 
Gloucester, used a white boar. 

The Earl of Northumberland used a silver 
crescent ; the Earl of Douglas, a red heart ; the 
Earl of Pembroke, a golden pack-horse with 
collar and traces ; Lord Hastings bore as a 

53 



Heraldic Badges 



badge a black bull's head erased, gorged with 
a coronet ; Lord Stanley, a golden griffen's leg, 
erased ; Lord Howard, a white lion charged 
on the shoulder with a blue crescent ; Sir 
Richard Dunstable adopted a white cock as 
a badge ; Sir John Savage, a silver unicorn 
head erased ; Sir Simon Montford, a golden 
lily ; Sir "William Gresham, a green grass- 
hopper. 

Two curious badges are to be seen in 
Figs. 20 and 21. The former is an ape's 
clog argent, chained or, and was used by 
William de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk (d. 1450). 
Fig. 21, "a salet silver" (MS. Coll. of Arms, 
2nd M. 16), is the badge of Thomas Howard, 
Duke of Norfolk (d. 1524). 

Various families used knots of different de- 
sign, of which the best known is the Stafford 
knot (Fig. 22). The wholesale and improper 
appropriation of this badge, with a territorial 
application, has unfortunately caused it to be 
very generally referred to as a " Staffordshire " 
knot ; and that it was the personal badge of the 
Lords Stafford is too often overlooked. Other 
badge knots are the Wake or Ormonde knot 
(Fig. 23), the Bourchier knot (Fig. 24), the 
Heneage knot (Fig. 25), the Lacy knot (Fig. 
26), the Harington knot (Fig. 27), the Suffolk 

54 





Fig. i8. 

The star and crescent at- 
tributed to Richard I. 
and John. 



Fig. 19. 

The "sun-burst" and the '-crowned 
portcullis," favourite badges of 
Henry VII. 





Fig. 



20. 



The "ape's clog," a badge 
of William (De La Pole) 
Duke of Suffolk. 



Fig. 21. 

The "salet," a badge of 
Thomas (Howard), Duke 
of Norfolk. 



Heraldic Badges 



knot (Fig, 28)5 and the Bowen knot (Fig. 
29). 

The personal badges of the members of the 
Royal Family continued in use until the reign 
of Queen Anne ; but from that time forward 
the Royal badges obtained a territorial character. 
To the floral badges of the rose of England, the 
thistle of Scotland, and the shamrock of Ireland, 
popular consent had added the lotus-flower for 
India, the maple for Canada, and, in a lesser 
degree, the wattle or mimosa for Australia ; but 
at present these lack any official confirmation. 
The two first-named, nevertheless, figured on 
King Edward's Coronation invitation cards. 

As 1 have already said, the College of Arms 
in the old days do not appear to have ever 
granted badges in the form of a direct grant of 
a badge as a badge. At any rate, I can learn of 
no instance. But there is the exemplification 
of Lord Stafford already referred to, and I am 
told there is another — a similar, but later one 
' — of the Ogle badges. 

I am doubtful if one is justified in consider- 
ing these documents as grants. I think their 
real status is merely that of a record of existing 
facts, existing by virtue of other creative power 
than the instrument in question. 

But what the officers of Arms did do in 

55 



Heraldic Badges 



former times was to grant standards. There 
are still in existence such documents, and there 
are the records of these and many other 
standards. 

So that it now becomes necessary to consider 
the question of standards, and in so doing one 
must at once explode the curious misnomer 
which has applied the term "standard" to a 
flag bearing a representation of a coat of arms. 
That is a banner. Banners, at the period when 
badges were in vogue, were not taken into 
action, and had little if any other than ceremonial 
use. The flag that flies over Windsor Castle 
when his Majesty is residing there, and which 
shows the quartered arms of England, Scotland, 
and Ireland, is the King's banner, and not, as it 
is popularly called, the Royal Standard. 

Standards were what were used in battle. It 
may perhaps be just as well to make clear what 
were the purposes to which the difi^erent parts 
of a man's armorial insignia were put. 

The "coat of arms" was depicted on the 
shield. It was also embroidered on the sur- 
coat (a garment like a tabard), which was worn 
over the armour of the man himself to whom 
the arms belonged. Nobody else wore it on 
surcoat or shield, except (if they were present) 
the members of his own family, who wore the 

56 





Fig. 22. 
Stafford. 



Fig. 23. 
Wake, or Ormonde. 




Bourchier. 
Fig. 24. 







Fig. 27. 


Fig. 28. 


Fig. 29,. 


Harington. 


Suffolk. 
Badge Knots. 


Bowen. 



Heraldic Badges 



arms (duly difFerenced) in their own right as 
their own inheritance. 

The " crest " was the ornament from the 
tilting helm, and outside British heraldry a 
crest is never represented, except in its proper 
position surmounting a helmet. Personally I 
do not think that a crest was ever actually 
borne in battle. I believe strongly that their 
usage was confined to the tournament. I have 
dealt with this subject at length in my larger 
work, "The Art of Heraldry,'' to which I 
would refer those who may care to pursue the 
matter farther. 

The " badge " was the really important 
matter, because by his badge a man was as 
well known as by his arms. A man did not 
wear his own badge on shield, helmet, or 
surcoat. It was worn by his servants and re- 
tainers, and his property was marked with it. 
Whilst the science of heraldry was an intricate 
science, a badge was a simple figure easily 
recognized — a water-bouget, a ragged staiF, a 
wine-bottle — and easily recognized by the un- 
educated classes who formed the retainers of 
a landholder. 

The feudal system, of course, required the 
landholder to provide the specified number of 
armed men for military purposes. So that 

57 



Heraldic Badges 



when an army was mustered it was really an 
aglomeration of small armies, each little band 
led by its immediate lord. They wore his 
livery — his colours — and embroidered on breast 
and back or on the sleeve, or in the cap, was the 
lord's badge. The badge, therefore, being the 
sign by which a band was mustered, it naturally 
followed that it was the badge which appeared 
on the standard, the rallying-point in action, 
the resting-point in camp. Some lords had 
several, some many badges, due of course to the 
accumulation of estates in a single ownership 
by reason of descent through heiresses. Big 
men had several standards, others placed several 
badges on one standard — in either case the 
accustomed badge, with which the retainers on a 
particular lordship were familiar, was kept in use. 
Each standard {vide Fig. 30) had next the staff 
the cross of St. George — the patron saint of 
England ; but next to that came the personal 
badges. On the bulk of the standards will also 
be found mottoes. I confess the constant ap- 
pearance of the motto on such standards as we 
have record of puzzles me. Many people have 
inferred from this that the origin of the motto 
was the " Cri de Guerre." In a few rare cases 
this may be so, but in the great bulk the 
mottoes are so senseless and purposeless — so 

58 



Heraldic Badges 



impossible in many cases if considered as a cri 
de guerre — that I am tempted to doubt the 
appearance of the motto on the Standard of 
Battle, and to treat it as a later innovation when 
standards, like the rest of things heraldic, had 
passed into the paper age and the books of the 
heralds. 

In early days the intervention of officers of 
arms was hardly needful with regard to standards. 
They were hardly within the limits of heraldry. 
But to this statement I should, perhaps, add a 
certain reservation. 

In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, before 
the heraldic hadge^ as we know ity came into 
existence, I think it is not only possible, but 
p rob able y that what was carried into action was 
a banner of the arms, and that the retainers 
mustered by this. When all arms were simple, 
the process remained easy. We hear of Simon 
de Montfort — father and son — bearing "Le 
Banner party endentee d'argent & de goules " 
(Roll temp, Henry III.). Again, Henry de Lacy, 
Earl of Lincoln, bore " Baniere de un cendall 
saffi-in, O un lion rampant porprin " (La Siege 
de Carlaverock), his arms being, ^'Or, a lion 
rampant purpure." 

I choose these two cases, and especially refer 
to the latter, because a contemporary record 

59 



Heraldic Badges 



specifically refers to his Banner as such, a banner 
which we know displayed his arms and not his 
badge. 

But at the end of the thirteenth and the be- 
ginning of the fourteenth century, the number 
of those using arms was by the process of 
subinfeudation rapidly increasing — a process 
stopped by the celebrated writ, " Quo warranto," 
but a result increased by the division of the 
great estates. The necessity of " differencing " 
arms derived from a common ancestor, no less 
than the greater necessity of different arms 
where there was no relationship, not only vastly 
multiplied coats of arms numerically, but created 
the intricacies of the science which have seemed 
often to bid fair to strangle its very existence. 
With these growing intricacies, coat armour, to 
a large extent, was losing its original beauty of 
distinction and advertisement. How could an 
uneducated serf appreciate the niceties of differ- 
ence, e.g, between artistic diaper and geratting 
for difference ? , The growth of heraldry into 
a science, the pride of race which had evolved 
that science, with its confusion of quarterings 
and differences, had killed its original purpose, 
or, at any rate, diminished its use therefor. 
The science was retained with regard to coat 
armour, and conformity with its rules was 

60 




Fig. 30. 
The standard of Henry (Percy), 6th Earl of Northumberland. 



a:lj\ 




Fig. 33. 
Badge of Dodsley. 




Fig. 31. 
Badge of Dacre. 




Fig. 32. 
Badge of Daubeney. 



Heraldic Badges 



enforced by the King's heralds long before there 
was a College of Arms. Something simpler was 
needed, something within the ready comprehen- 
sion of the uneducated, something suitable to 
the original purpose {i.e. an advertisement of 
personality) which had called coat armour into 
being. In fact, it was nothing more than a 
pure reversion to the elementary rudiments 
from which the science of armory had been 
evolved. So that we find in the fourteenth 
century the landholders invented the standard 
and the " cognizance." The latter by its very 
name tells us what it was. Taking some charge 
from his shield, or some other simple figure — 
for the essence of the badge was its simplicity 
— which his retainers could readily recognize, 
the leader placed it on their jerkins so that he 
could recognize them in battle ; he placed it on 
his standard so that they might know where to 
be in action or in camp. His standard itself 
was of the colour or colours of his liveries, 
which his followers all knew and all wore. 
Such was the evolution of the standard and 
the badge. After the introduction of the 
standard, it should be noticed that it was of 
the colours of the livery^ and usually differed 
from the colours of the arms, and it bore the 
badge and not the coat of arms, and not (until 

6i 



Heraldic Badges 



nearly the close of the period in which standards 
were in use) the crest. 

As to what regulations existed concerning 
standards we are now largely in the dark, for 
certain rules which are quoted below plainly 
belong to the later and decadent period, after 
crests had appeared on the standard. 

It will be found in a MS. in the British 
Museum {temp, Henry VIII., Harl. MS. 2358) 
that the following is stated : — 

" The Great Standard to be sette before 
the King's Pavilion or tent not to be 
borne in battel to be of the length of two 
yards 

^*The Kinges Standard to be borne, to 
be of the length of eight or nine yardes 

"The Duke's Standard to be borne, to 
be slitte at the end and seven yardes long 

" The Erles Standard six yards longe 

" The Barones Standard five yards long 

"The Banneretes Standard four yards 
and a half longe 

"The Knightes Standarde four yardes 
longe 

"And every Standard & Guydhome to 
have in the chiefe the Crosse of St. George, 
to be slitte at the ende, and to conteyne 

62 



Heraldic Badges 



the crest or supporter with the poesy, 
worde and devise of the owner 

" Place under the Standard an hundred 
men." 

MS. Lansdowne 255, f. 431, sets out the 
same facts, but is not quite identical : — 

"The Standard to be sett before the 
King's pavilion or tente and not to be 
borne in battayle to be in length eleven 
yards 

" The Kinges Standarde to be borne, in 
length eight or nine yards 

"A Duke's Standard to be borne and 
to be in lengthe seven yards di' 

"A Marquesse Standard to be in length 
six yards di' 

" An Earles Standard to be in lengthe 
six yards 

" A Viscounts Standard to be in length 
five yards di 

" A Barones Standard to be in lengthe 
five yards 

" A Banneretts Standard to be in lengthe 
four yards di 

" A Knightes Standard to be in lengthe 
four yards 

" Everie Standard and Guydon to have 

63 



Heraldic Badges 



in the chiefe the Crosse of St. George, the 
beast or crest with his devyse and word, 
and to be slitt at the end." 

And now let us follow the development of 
matters a little further. I hesitate to lay it 
down as a definite, uninfringeable rule which 
has ever existed in England, but there is no 
question that the actual rule did exist on the 
Continent, and I am convinced there was also 
a broad general acceptance of it in this country. 
Whilst landholders — gentlemen — had arms 
which they bore upon their shields, crests only 
existed in the cases of those families which were 
of " tournament rank," i.e, who were eligible 
to take part in tournaments. What were the 
essentials needed to make proof of that rank, 
I do not know that it is now possible to say, 
but the essentials were international, and there 
is no doubt that it was recognized as something 
in excess of ordinary gentility. However that 
may be, the unquestioned fact remains, that 
whilst scores upon scores of families were en- 
titled to arms, but a very small proportion had 
crests. Arms were a necessity, a matter of 
course, in the status of life of the gentleman ; 
a crest then was a thing coveted and desired. 
The badge was a mere matter of convenience, 

64 



Heraldic Badges 



derived originally from no particular authority, 
carrying with it no rank or status, no particular 
attribute. Now comes the beginning of the 
confusion between the crest and the cognizance. 
It should be remembered that a knight, when 
tilting at a tournament, did not carry his shield 
— at any rate, not when the tournament was at its 
zenith in early Tudor days. He was " known " 
and identified by his crest, and consequently 
the term "cognizance" not unnaturally began 
to be applied to the crest ; and the device upon 
the crest was duplicated on his standards at the 
tournament. These standards, however, were 
not the same standards as those under which 
he mustered his retainers in battle. 

But whilst this confusion was beginning 
from what may be termed the natural conse- 
quences of events, there was another force at 
work. Gradually, following in exactly the same 
avenue of happening as two centuries or so 
earlier had coat armour itself proceeded, the 
badge proper had become fixed and hereditary, 
and as a natural consequence the standard of 
battle followed suit. 

And with that acquired hereditary character 
came the control of the King's officers of arms, 
their authority in all such matters increasing 
imperceptibly but concurrently with the gradual 

6$ E 



Heraldic Badges 



change in military matters, by which the army 
came to be considered less and less a collection 
of the bands of retainers of the King's barons, 
and more and more a levy of the King for the 
King's army collected through those who owed 
him such liability. With that control came the 
granting of standards by the King's officers of 
arms, and at this point (the end of the fifteenth 
century) came a change in the character of the 
standard. What was the reason of the change 
one can only speculate. It may have been 
partly the desire to assert authority by granting 
crests ; it may have been a desire to discourage 
the haphazard selection of badges, and an attempt 
to depreciate their popularity ; it may even be 
that what the officers of arms granted were 
tournament standards. My own idea rather 
leans to the belief, however, that the reason of 
grants of standards by the officers of arms was 
neither of the two former reasons, and that such 
grants were not made with the primary object 
even of creating a standard for use. I believe 
the standard itself was quite an ulterior matter, 
and that the standard was introduced merely as 
a vehicle for the primary and actual purpose of 
the grant of a crest for the actual or theoretical 
necessity of the tournament. 

But however that may be, the officers of 

66 



Heraldic Badges 



arms began granting standards upon which the 
principal device (after St. George's Cross) was 
a crest set upon a wreath. When the crest figured 
on the standard the importance of the badge 
was less apparent, its necessity less insistent. 

In the regulations quoted, mention is made 
that the standard should show "the crest or 
supporter," or, as the other MS. has it, " the 
beast or crest with his devyse." 

This needs some little explanation. The 
origin of the supporter has often been dis- 
cussed, but it is very simple indeed. Sup- 
porters originated in the custom of filling up 
the interstices of a seal with the badges. This 
can be seen by examination of seals of the 
fourteenth century, which show not only ani- 
mate beasts, but also inanimate objects. In the 
fourteenth century such an overwhelming pro- 
portion of the supporters are provable badges, 
that it would be by no means a far-fetched 
suggestion to treat all supporters at that period 
as being badges. The difficulty lies in know- 
ing at what date to draw the line between the 
fixed heraldic supporter not being the badge, 
and the badge singly or in duplicate, pressed 
for mere artistic purposes into doing the duty 
and filling the position occupied at a later date 
by the supporter proper. 

.67 



Heraldic Badges 



But by the beginning of the sixteenth cen- 
tury heraldry of all kinds was passing into the 
" paper " stage. The tournament, even, was 
dying. The Richmond tournament, the last 
one of any importance in this country, took 
place in 1510, and the development of military 
science and the formation of a standing army 
eliminated the great bulk of actuality from 
heraldry. 

There survived, however, those strong attri- 
butes of romance and tradition, of caste and 
aristocracy, integral parts of and inseparably 
connected with armory, the very parts which 
had exalted it to the high estimation with which 
it was regarded, rather than its actual workday 
use. The very natural result was that the 
unimportant workaday part of heraldry- — the 
badge and the standard — suffered by the exalta- 
tion of the crest and coat of arms, which meant 
a very great deal which the badge did not. 

The statutory limitation of the number of 
retainers, added to the personal idiosyncracies 
of King Henry VIII., was another factor tend- 
ing to the disuse of the badge, but the most 
potent influence was undoubtedly the occur- 
rence of the Visitations. The result un- 
doubtedly was that a large number of families 
not then possessing crests translated their 

68 



Heraldic Badges 



badges into crests. There are numbers of 
cases in which one can definitely prove that the 
erstwhile badge thenceforward becomes the 
crest, and the probability is, that were records 
available, this will be found to have been the 
case in scores of other instances. As far as I 
am aware, no badge as a badge is recorded in 
the Visitation Books, and since that period the 
use of the badge has survived in but a very 
limited number of families. The standard, 
however, survived in a perfunctory manner as 
an adjunct of the ceremonial of a funeral, and 
as badges had fallen into disuse it was but 
natural that crests should take their place. 
And, as crests were granted and used upon 
standards, it is little to be wondered at that the 
original purposes of the badge, as the sign of 
ownership and as the cognizance to be worn by 
servants, came to be fulfilled by crests. 

But such a usage is diametrically opposed 
and radically repugnant to the ancient ideas 
of the period when the use of both was simul- 
taneous, clearly defined and readily distinguish- 
able. That any man should permit his servants 
to wear his crest was then unthinkable, and the 
revival of interest and the greater knowledge of 
things heraldic has brought us nearer to a true 

appreciation of the different merits of each. 

69 



Heraldic Badges 



There still remain to us many of the old 
opportunities for the usage of a badge, and it 
is anachronistic to use a crest for purposes for 
which the crest is not fitted. 

All decorative artists will recognize the great 
artistic opportunities for decorative purposes 
which lie in the repetition of a simple figure. 
It is in such decorative use that our principal 
knowledge lies of the great prominence which 
badges enjoyed in the Plantagenet and Tudor 
periods. Heraldry at the present day has 
largely become a matter of decoration. It still, 
of course, retains its technical status and its 
old-time meaning ; it is still a mark of caste, 
and that its importance thereas is waning is 
due simply to the inevitable change by which 
caste is ceasing to be determined by birth. 
Nowadays, other factors with which heraldry, 
which is hereditary, has no connection, are 
becoming the controlling essentials. So that if 
heraldry had had no other reason for its exist- 
ence it would long since have become a pur- 
poseless and obsolete anachronism. There can 
be little reason to doubt that to its practical use 
and advantage as a matter of art and as a form 
of decoration we owe the rapidly extending 
revival of interest in its fascinating claims, a 
revival which is widening in its scope by a 

70 



Heraldic Badges 



greater knowledge of the science, and with that 
greater knowledge, by a more extended respect 
for its laws and a greater conformity with its 
original requirements. But in that revival the 
use of the badge has been overlooked, for 
whatever be the decorative purpose for which 
the aid of heraldry has been invoked, it must 
be admitted that the badge is usually the most 
apt heraldic form to be adopted. 

But the real point of necessity where the 
absence of the badge has been most felt is in 
the designing of liveries, and particularly of 
State liveries. To any one who knows any- 
thing of armory it appears ridiculous to see, 
as one sometimes does, a whole achievement 
embroidered on the sleeve, and scarcely less 
so to see a crest or a shield separately. That 
the practice of putting a crest on livery buttons 
is almost universal makes it none the less open 
to criticism. What a servant should wear is 
the livery of his master and his master's 
'* household badge." These are the occasions 
and the purposes on and for which those few 
families who have inherited a real badge from 
ancient times make use of them. 

Whatever may have been the excuse hitherto 
for newer families to use their crest for the 
purposes of a badge because it was not possible 

71 



Heraldic Badges 



to obtain the grant of a badge, such excuse 
cannot any longer be urged, as it has recently 
been decided by His Majesty's officers of arms 
that in cases in which it is desired and applied 
for the ancient practice of granting standards 
shall be revived. The grant will take the form 
of the grant of a standard upon which will be 
represented a badge, and the terms of the grant 
will permit this badge to be used alone as a 
single figure for those decorative and other 
purposes, for which its use will be more suit- 
able and correct than the use of a crest. Some 
number of such grants has already been made. 



72 



A List of Badges 



IN compiling the following list of badges, 
I would point out the difficulty which 
must attend any such attempt. There 
does not appear ever to have been any 
official grant of a badge as a badge. Badges, 
however, have been officially exemplified with 
arms, and standards have been granted with 
badges figuring thereupon. The result is that 
there is no one source from which such a list 
can be compiled ; nor can any test be applied 
beyond that of usage in the period when 
badges were in vogue. What records of 
badges exist in the College of Arms it is 
impossible to say in the absence of access to 
their records. There is, however, a short list 
of the principal badges in a MS. (2nd M. 16) 
and a Book of Standards (I. 2) now in the 
custody of that corporation. Many of the 
Royal badges, moreover, are depicted in 
" Prince Arthur's Book." None of these, how- 
ever, is an official record, and I am ignorant 
what weight they will carry. I should imagine, 
however, that the Book of Standards would be 
accepted as fully authoritative. The badges 
from MS. 2nd M. 16 and from the Standards 

73 



Heraldic Badges 



are included in my list, but I have excluded 
the devices on the latter which from their form 
are plainly crests. In every case I quote, in 
square brackets, the authority for the badge, 
but where any authority has been quoted by 
the book from which a badge has been trans- 
ferred to my list, I have thought it sufficient 
to give the authority quoted without adding 
the actual work I myself have derived it from. 
My list is merely a compilation, and not the 
result of original research ; so perhaps this 
explanation is needed, lest it should be thought 
I am laying claim to greater labour than I have 
undertaken. The list is merely an adjunct to 
my short essay on badges and their use. But 
I shall welcome any additions properly authen- 
ticated by proof of usage up to the and of 
the Tudor period, either by mention in con- 
temporary works or by their appearance in 
architectural or other guise. 

Abergavenny [My Lord of Bourgayne (Geo. 
Nevill)]. Colours — vert and argent. Badges 
— (i) a bull passant argent, pied sable, 
armed, unguled, collared and chained or, the 
chain fixed by two staples interlaced argent 
and or ; (2) a double staple interlaced, 
one argent, the other or. Motto — Tenir 

74 



A List of Badges 



promesse vient de noblesse [Standard — MS. 
I. 2j Coll. Arms]. 

Abergavenny, Marquess of (Sir Wm. Nevill, 
K.G.). Badges — (i) a rose gules, seeded or, 
barbed vert ; (2) a portcullis or [Burke's 
*' Peerage," 1906]. 

Admiral, Lord High. Badge — anchor [Wood- 
ward]. 

Admiralty, The. Badges — (i) a cresset with 
burning fire [Harl. MS. 144], (2) an anchor 
and cable [present Admiralty flag]. 

Aldercar, Sir RaufFe. Colour — or. Badge — a 
cock sable, beaked and combed gules 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Appellyerd (" Mayster "). Colours — white. 
Badge — an apple purpure slipped vert 
[MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Arundel, Sir John. Badge — an acorn [MS. 
Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Arundel, Earl of (Richard FitzAlan). Badge — 
a white horse [Annales Ric. II., 206]. 

Arundel, Earl of (Thomas FitzAlan). Colours 
— blue and red. Badges — (i) in front of 
an oak tree eradicated vert, fructed or, a 
horse courant argent, in his mouth a branch 
of oak as the first ; (2) a branch of oak 

75 



Heraldic Badges 



vert, fructed or ; (3) a branch of oak vert, 
fructed or, surmounted by a fret. Motto — 
Cause me oblige [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Arundel, Earl of (Philip Howard). Colours — 
" Six trumpeters in red and yellow satin, 
with red, white, and yellow plumes " [Letter 
in MSS. Dupuy, Von Ranmer, i6th and 
17th centuries, II. 432]. 

Arundell ("Mayster Arrondyll"). Colours — 
black. Badges — ( i ) a wolf statant argent ; 
(2) a swallow argent. Motto — Faictes le 
ligerement [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Askew (" Mayster Assecu "). Colours — gules. 
Badges — (i) an ass*s head erased argent, 
maned or ; (2) a lion's gamb erased or 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Astley. Badge — a cinquefoil [Woodward, Cus- 
sans]. 

Athole, Earl of (Walter Stewart). Badge^ a 
stag couchant [Woodward]. 

Audley (" Sir John Awdeley, Kt."). Colours — 

Or and gules. Badges — (i) a moor's head 

in profile proper, filleted round the temples, 

charged with a crescent for difference ; 

76 



A List of Badges 



(2) a butterfly charged with a crescent for 
difference. MoUo — Je le tiens [Standard — 
MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Audley. Badge — a fret [Planche]. 

Australia. Badge — the wattle [no official 
authority]. 

Babyngton, Sir Antony. Colours — argent. 
Badge — a man tyger purpure, collared and 
chain reflected over the back or with feet 
human, crined gray. (The animal is really 
intended for a baboon.) Motto — Foy est 
tout [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Baldwin (" Syr John Baudwyn, ChyfFe Justys of 
the Common Place for the Kyng*s May's te"). 
Badge — a wolf argent, vulned in the back 
by five arrows or, plumed argent, regardant, 
and grasping the same in his mouth 
[Standard— MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Basset. Colours — gules. Badge — a boar's head, 
couped argent, armed or [Standard — MS. 
I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Beauchamp. Vide Warwick. 

Beaufort (Dukes of), a portcullis [Cussans]. 

Beaufort. Vide Somerset and Exeter. 

Beaumont, Viscount (Wm. Beaumont, 1438- 
1507). Badges — (i) an elephant with a 

77 



Heraldic Badges 



castle full of soldiers on his back argent, 
armed and garnished or ; (2) a broom-cod. 
Motto — Dessus eulx eureusement [Doyle], 

Bedford, Duke of (John of Lancaster, s. of 
King Henry IV.), the root of a tree couped 
and eradicated or [Doyle], 

"The rote is dead." 
[Political Poem, 144.9 — "Excerpta Historica."] 

Bedford, Earl of (John Russell), Colours — 
red, white and black [H, Machyn, " Diary," 

P- 31]- 
Beltnap, Sir Edward, Kt. Colours — or and 
gules. Badge — on a stand, a fire-beacon or, 
flames gules, and in front of the beacon, 
and also on the stand, a lizard, tail nowed 
vert, ducally gorged and chained or [Standard 
— MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms], 

Beltnap, Edward. Colours — white. Badge — a 
lizard, tail nowed vert, ducally gorged and 
lined or [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms], 

Berkeley. Vide Nottingham. 

Berkeley, Lord (Thomas Berkeley, d. 1347, and 
Thos. Berkeley, d. 141 6). Badge — a mer- 
maid [Seal, 1327, and brass at Wotton- 
under-edge], 

Berners, Lord (Bourchier). Colours — or and 
vert. Badges — (i) on the branch of a 

78 



A List of Badges 



tree placed in fesse and sprouting to the 
dexter an eagle rising argent, armed or, 
the under feathers of the wings gules ; (2) 
the Bourchier knot (Fig. 24) [Standard — 
MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Blount. Colours — argent. Badges — (i) a wolf, 
passant sable, langued and armed gules ; 
(2) an eye encircled with rays argent. 
Mom — Pour par venir [Standard — MS. I. 
2, Coll. Arms]. 

Bluemantle Pursuivant. Badge — a blue mantle, 
lined argent, tied with gold cords. (In use.) 

Bohun. Vide Hereford and Northampton. 

Boleyn. Badge — a bulFs head couped sable, 
armed gules [Harl. MS. 303, p. ij. {Vide 
Bullayne). 

Booth. Badge — a boar's head erect and erased 
sable [Cussans]. 

Borough, Sir Thomas. Badge — the arming of 
an arm and the gauntlet [MS. Coll. Arms, 
2nd M. 16]. 

Borough. Badge — an arm vambraced, embowed 
and gauntleted proper, suspended by a golden 
cord, in the manner of a bugle-horn [MS. 
No. 1 121, Ash. Coll. — vide Cussans]. 

Bottrell. Badge — a bundle of arrows argent 

79 



Heraldic Badges 



within a sheaf sable, garnished or, the straps 
gules [Harl. MS. No. 4632]. 

Bourchier. Vide Berners and Essex. 

Bourchier. Badges — (i) the Bourchier knot 
(Fig. 24) ; (2) water-bouget [Woodward]. 

Bourght, Thomas, of Gainsborough, Lines. 
Colours — azure. Badge — an arm armed em- 
bowed and furnished with gauntlet and 
gerbralle argent, garnished or and suspended 
by six ribbons knotted of the last [Standard 
— MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Bowen. Badge — the Bowen knot (Fig. 29). 
[Planche, Cussans], 

Brandon. Vide Lisle and Suffolk. 

Brandon, Sir Richard. Badge — lion's head 
erased gold [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Bray. Badge — a coney sable [Cussans]. 

Bray ("Mayster Edmond Bray de Stoke Dabor- 
nun "). Colours — four stripes argent and 
vert. Badges — ( i ) a pair of wings endorsed 
vair ; (2) a hemp-brake or, charged on the 
side with a lion passant vert. Motto — Seray 
come a Dieu plaira [Standard — MS. L 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Braye, 5th Baron (A. T. T. Verney-Cave). 

80 



A List of Badges 



Badge — a hemp-braye (or hemp-brake). 
[Burke's " Peerage," 1906]. 

Bridgewater, Earl of (Henry Daubeney). 
Bai^ge — two bats' wings displayed sable, 
conjoined by a cord fretted or [Harl. MS. 
4632] (Fig. 32). 

Brooke. Vide Cobham. 

Brown, Sir Westyn, Kt. Colours — red. Badge 
— a lion's gamb erect and erased argent, 
winged sable [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Bruges. Fide Winchester. 

Bryan. Vide Northumberland. 

Bryan, Sir Francis, Kt. Colours — gules. Badges 
— (i) a beast called a "caretyne" having 
the body and horns of a bull and the head 
of a heraldic leger sable, sem6 of bezants, 
armed maned crined and tufted or ; (2) 
a beacon. Motio — Ja tens Grace [Standard 
— MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms.] 

Buchanan {Clan), Badge — birch [Seton]. 

Buckingham. Badge — a maiden's head [Wood- 
ward]. 

Buckingham, Duke of (Humphrey de Stafford, 

cr. 1444). Badges — (i) a cart-nathe in 

81 P 



Heraldic Badges 



flames ; (2) the Stafford knot or [Doyle] 
(Fig. 22). 

Buckingham, Duke of (Humphrey Stafford, d. 
1460). Badge — a cartwheel with flames 
issuant [Doyle]. 

" The Carte nathe is spokeless 
For the counseill that he gaf." 
[Political Poem, 1449 — "Excerpta Historica."] 

Buckingham, Duke of (Henry Stafford, d. 1483). 
Badge — the Stafford knot [MS. Ashmole, 
1121]. 

Buckingham, Duke of (Edward Stafford, d. 
1 521). Colours — scarlet and black. Badges 
— (i) a Stafford knot; (2) a heraldic ante- 
lope sejant (on a wreath) ducally gorged and 
lined ; (3) a mantle ; (4) a cross potent 
crossed within a string of Stafford knots ; 
(5) on a wreath, a swan with wings displayed 
and inverted, ducally gorged and lined. 
[Vide Genealogical Magazine^ vol. 4, p. 
428 ; vol. 5, p. 109 ; and see post^ sub 
Stafford.] 

Bullayn, Sir Thomas, Kt. Badge — a bull's 
• head couped sable, armed or [Standard — 
MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Burdett, Sir John, of Bromcott, Warwick. 
Colours — or. Badge — a pansy slipped the 

82 



A List of Badges 



dexter leaf blue, the sinister vert. MoUo — 
Cleve fast [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Burgh. Badge — a black dragon [Woodward]. 

Burghley, Lord. Badge — a wheat-sheaf [Wood- 
ward, Cussans]. (A garb supported by two 
lions became the Cecil crest. That family- 
derived it from the family of Winston.) 

Cambridge. Badge — an eagle [Woodward]. 

Cambridge, Earl of (Richard of Conisburgh). 
Badge — an ostrich feather with quill compony 
[Doyle]. 

Cameron {Clan). Badge — oak [Seton]. 

Campbell (Clan), Badge — bog-myrtle [Seton]. 

Canada. Badge — the maple [no official 
authority]. 

Capell, Sir Gyles, of Stebbing Co. Essex. 
Colours — or. Badges — (i) an anchor erect 
gules, bezanty, the ring or ; (2) a jessamine 
slip proper. MoUo — Pour entre tenir 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Care, Sir John, Kt. Colours — or. Badge — 
issuant from clouds argent, a dexter arm 
habited gules, cuffed ermine the hand argent 
holding a bunch of columbines azure, leaved 
and slipped vert [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 



Heraldic Badges 



Care. Colours — four stripes tawny and or. 
Badges — (i) a buck*s head couped argent, 
gorged with a collar gemel gules, the antlers 
also argent, the three upper tines or and 
connected by a ring argent ; (2) a columbine 
slipped and leaved or, flowered azure and 
argent. Motto — Por Dys server [Standard — 
MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Carew, Sir Wm., Kt, of Devon. Colours — four 
stripes sable and or. Badge — a falcon 
collared and jessed gules, bells on the neck 
and legs or. Motto — Felix quy poterit 
[Standard — MS. 1. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Carew, Sir John, Kt. Colours — or and sable. 
Badge — a spear bendways headed azure 
[Standard — MS. I. 2 Coll. Arms], 

Catesby (Katissby). Badge — a leopard passant 
guardant or [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms], 

Cecil. Vide Burghley. 

Chamberlain, The Lord. In MS. I. 2, Coll. 
of Arms, various standards are given under 
the above name, one, however, being 
described as "The Lord Chamberlayn 
Harbarts." This book of Standards was 
compiled between 15 10 and 1525. Wm. 
Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, was Chamberlain 

84 



A List of Badges 



of South Wales 1461 to July 1469, and of 

North Wales April to July, 1469. But 

with the standard described as " The Lord 

Chamberlayn Harbarts," the arms depicted 

are those of Charles Somerset, Earl of 

Worcester, with the arms of Herbert in 

pretence, he having married the daughter 

and heir of William, Earl of Pembroke. 

Charles Somerset was Vice Chamberlain 

from 1 501, and Lord Chamberlain of the 

Household 1 509-1 526. His principal 

standard was of the colours "blew, whyt 

and red*' in three stripes, but he had 

various other standards, respectively white, 

green, red, and blue. The various badges 

are — (i) a panther argent incensed proper, 

collared and chained or [Harl. MS. 6170 

gives this on a chapeau as his crest, and it 

is now used by his descendant the Duke 

of Beaufort as a supporter] ; (2) a portcullis 

debruised by a bendlet ; (3) a portcullis 

'this is of a very peculiar form, and may 

DC intended for the stocks] ; (4) a goat 

statant sable, collared and chained or, 

bearded armed and unguled or [this may 

be the "yale" or heraldic antelope, collared 

and chained, which figures as one of his 

supporters on his seal] ; (5) a wyvern vert, 

85 



Heraldic Badges 



holding in the mouth a sinister hand couped 
gules [vide the " grene dragon '* of Herbert, 
Earl of Pembroke] ; (6) a cubit arm habited 
bendy sinister wavy of five pieces argent 
and azure and issuant out of a rose gules, 
the hand proper grasping an arrow ; (7) a 
Moorish female's head, three-quarter face, 
couped at the shoulders, hair dishevelled 
and ringed through the ear all proper. 
(This is really the crest of Herbert.) Motto 
— " Faire le doy " [Standard— MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Chamberlain, "RaufF, of Kyngston in Cam- 
bridgesh." Colours — gold and purple. 
Badge — an ass's head erased argent, ducally 
gorged or. Motto — En acraois sant vostre 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll Arms]. 

Chamberleyn, Sir Robert. Badge — a friar's 
girdle azure [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Chatham, Earl of (John Pitt, d. 1835). 
Liveries — white and blue [Doyle]. 

Cheney. Badge — [a pair of bull's] horns silver 
[Woodward, Cussans]. 

Chichester. Vide Pelham. 

Chisholm (Clan), Badge — Alder [Cussans]. 

Cholmondeley, Sir Richard. Colours — gules. 

Z6 



A List of Badges 



Badges — ( i ) a helmet per pale or and argent 
charged with five torteaux ; (2) a bird rising 
or, the inside of the wings sable. Motto — 
De cueur entier [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms], 

Clarence, Duke of (Thomas of Lancaster, s. of 
Henry IV.). Badges — (i) a greyhound, 
gorged with a plain collar ; (2) an ostrich 
feather charged with thirteen ermine spots 
and having a small scroll in front of the 
lower part of the quill [Doyle]. 

Clarence, Duke of (George Plantagenet, s. of 
Richard Duke of York). Badges — (i) a 
bull passant sable, armed unguled and 
inembered or, gorged with a label of three 
points argent, each charged with a canton 
gules ; (2) a gorget of chain extended 
argent, edges and three clasps or, lined 
gules [Doyle]. 

Clifford. Fide Cumberland. 

CliifFord, Sir Henry, Kt. Colours — argent. 
Badge — a wyvern wings endorsed gules 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Clifford. Badge — annulet or [Cussans]. 

Clifford. Badge — a black dragon [Woodward]. 

Clinton. Fide Lincoln. 

87 



Heraldic Badges 



Clinton. Badge — a golden mullet [Boutell]. 

Clinton. Badge — a greyhound [Woodward]. 

Cobham, Lord. Badge — a man's head in 
profile, wreathed round the temples argent 
and sable [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms] ; 
"a black Saracen's head" [MS. Coll. Arms, 
2nd M. 16]. 

Cokayne (M. Cokyn). Colours — argent. Badges 
— (i) a cock gules ; (2) a " cokyll " flower 
gules, slipped vert [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Colquhoun {Clan), Badge — hazel [Cussans], 

Compton. Badge — fire-beacon or, fired proper 
[Cussans, Woodward]. 

Compton (" Mayster"). Colours — gold and blue. 
Badge — a dragon's head erased forepaws and 
wings erect gules, encircled by a ducal 
coronet or [Standard — MS. I, 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Constable, Sir Marmaduke, of Everingham, 
Yorks. Colours — gules. Badges — (i) an 
ancient three-masted ship headed with a 
dragon's head and sails furled or, charged 
with a crescent sable ; (2) an anchor erect 
or, ringed at the crown and charged with a 

88 



A List of Badges 



crescent sable. MoUo — Soies ferme [Stan- 
dard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

" As to the ship is anchor and Cable, 
So be thou to thy friend Constable." 

[Old Rhyme.] 

Conyers, The Lord. Colours — argent. Badges — 
(i) a lion passant azure ; (2) a cross crosslet 
gules ; (3) a pair of wings gules addorsed 
and connected by a knot azure. Motto — 
Ung Dieu ung Roy [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Cornewall, Sir Thomas, Kt. Colours — argent. 
Badges — (i) a lion passant gules, ducally 
crowned and seme of bezants ; (2) a Cornish 
chough proper ducally gorged or [Standard 
—MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Cossyn, Robert, of London. Colours — argent. 
Badge — a mount vert, on each a columbine 
azure and leaping therefrom a coney sable. 
Motto — Ne trop ne moins [Standard MS. L 
2, Coll. Arms]. 

Courtenay. Fide Devon. 

Courtenay. Badge — faggot [Woodward]. 

Courtenay. Badges — (i) a dolphin ; (2) a 

tau-cross ; (3) a tau-cross and suspended 

therefrom a bell ; (4) a sickle [all on 

chimney-piece of Episcopal Palace at Exeter, 

89 



Heraldic Badges 



erected by Peter de Courtenay, Bishop of 
Exeter]. 
Courtenay of Powderham, Sir William. Colours 
— red. Badges — ( i ) a boar passant argent, 
armed and hoofed or, charged on the 
shoulder with a crescent sable ; (2) a 
dolphin embowed argent each charged with 
a crescent. Motto — Passes bien devant 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Courteney, Mr. Perse. Badge — St. Anthony's 
Cross azure [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Cromwell. Badge — pelican [Woodward]. 

Cumberland, Earl of. Badge — raven argent 
[Cussans]. 

Cumberland, Earl of (Henry Clifford, d. 1542). 
Banner — party per fesse argent ( ? azure) and 
or, seme of annulets counterchanged, a dragon 
with wings elevated gules [MS. Harl. 4632]. 

Cumming {Clan), Badge — common sallow 
[Cussans]. 

Curzon, Lord (Robert). Colours — or and gules. 
Badge — a wolf's head erased gules [Stan- 
dard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Curzon (John Cursson of Croxsall, Derbyshire). 
Colours — or. Badge — a cockatrice wings 
elevated tail nowed and ending in a 

90 



A List of Badges 



dragon's head gules. MoUo — Bon eure me 
comforte [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Dacre ("The Lord Dacre Fynnys of the Sowth"). 
Colours — white. Badges — (i) a bull saliant 
gules ducally gorged and chained or, armed 
and unguled of the last ; (2) the cypher 
T. and D. connected by the Dacre knot 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Dacre, The Lord Dacre Fynnys of the South. 
Colours — red. Badges — (i) a wolf-dog 
statant argent, the collar spiked, the chain 
with a log at the end or ; (2) a wyvern 
azure issuant from a ducal coronet or. 
Motto — De moy nul mot sy ray son neve velt 
[Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Dacre of Gilsland, Lord, K.G. Colours — four 
stripes or and azure. Badges — (i) a bull 
passant gules, ducally gorged armed and 
unguled or ; (2) an escallop argent and a 
staff raguly also argent connected by the 
Dacre knot gules (Fig. 31). Motto — Fort en 
loyaulte [Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Dacre of the North, Lord. Badges — a silver 
escallop (Dacre) united by the Dacre knot 
gules to a ragged staff argent (Fig. 31) 
[Woodward, who says the ragged staff is 
"said to commemorate the hereditary 

91 



Heraldic Badges 



forestership of Inglewood," but Lord Dacre 
of Gillsland, K.G., who bore this badge on 
his standard, married Elizabeth, daughter 
and heiress of Lord Greystock, K.G., 
and this may be the allusion], (Planche 
describes it as the union of the Dacre shell 
and the Nevill ragged staff, the knot being 
an indication of descent from Bourchier.) 

Daniel, Thomas, Esquire of the Body to 
Henry VL Badge — a lily. 

" The lily is both fair and grene.'" 

[Political Poem, 1449 — " Excerpta Historlca."] 

Darcy, Thomas, Lord. Colours — green. Badges 
— (i) an heraldic tyger argent ; (2) three 
parts of a broken spear or, the point erect 
and two parts of the staff in saltire ; (3) a 
buck's head couped at the neck ermine. 
Motto — "Hit shal nat be bi mi . . ." 
[Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Darcy, Essex. Colours — four stripes argent and 
gules. Badge — a cinquefoil gules. Motto — 
Damitte desirant [Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Darell, of Littlecote, Sir Edward. Colours — 

azure. Badge — a lion's head erased or, 

ducally crowned argent. Motto — Si je puys 

je le feray [Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

92 



A List of Badges 



Daubeney. Fide Bridgewater. 

Daubeney of Cote. Badge — a pair of bat's 
wings sable tied by a golden cord [H. Coll], 
{Vide Fig. 32.) 

DeBohun. Badges — (i) a swan argent, collared 
and chained or (derived, with the Earldom 
of Essex, from the family of Mandeville, who 
represented Adam Fitz-Swanne) ; [Planch6] ; 
(2) an antelope [Planche]. 

De la Pole. Vide Suffolk. 

De la Warr, Baron (Thomas West, d. 1554). 
Colours — red and blue [MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

De la Warr. Badge — a crampet [Woodward]. 

De Lacy. Vide Lacy. 

Denny. Vide Norwich. 

Denny. Badge — two arches, supported on 
columns argent, capitals and bases or 
[Cussans]. 

Derby, Earl of (Thomas Stanley, d. 1504). 
Badge — 1475 "Gryppe lege, rasyd gold," 
i,e, a griffin's claw erased or [MS. 2nd M. 
1 6, Coll. Arms]. 

Derby, Earl of (Edward Stanley, d. 1572). 
Colours — tawny and vert. Badges — (i) in 
a cradle or, a child swaddled gules, fretty 

93 



Heraldic Badges 



or, thereon an eagle preying of the last ; 
(2) an eagle's leg erased at the thigh and 
erect or [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Despencer. Badge — an annulet per pale or 
and argent [Ash Coll., MS. No. 1121]. 

De Vere. Vide Oxford. 

Devereux. Vide Essex. 

Devon, Earl of (Baldwin de Revers, d. 11 55). 
Device — an eagle or griffin with wings 
elevated perched upon a crouching sheep 
[his seal about 1 146]. 

Devon, Earl of (William de Vernon). Device 
— a griffin with wings elevated holding in 
his beak a serpent by the neck and perched 
upon a crouching sheep [his seal before 
1 1 84]. 

Devon (Courtenay), Earl of. Baage — white 
boar [Woodward]. 

Devon, Earl of (Thomas Courtenay, d. 1458). 
Badge — boar — 

" The boore Is farr into the West." 

[Political Poem, 1449 — "Excerpta Historica."] 

Devon, Earl of (Henry Courtenay, d. 1553). 
2nd Crest ( ? Badge) — a falcon rising from 
a billet of wood raguly or [Doyle]. 

Devon, Earl of (Edward Courtenay, d. 1556). 
Colours — or and gules [MS. Harl. 2076]. 

94 



A List of Badges 



DIgby (" Mayster Dygby "). Colour — azure. 
Badges — ( I ) an ostrich argent, beaked mem- 
bered and vorant a horse-shoe or ; (2) a 
cypher of J. D. connected by a knot gules. 
Mom— As God be plesid [Standard — MS. 
I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Dodsley, Mr. ("Dean of the King s Chapell"). 
Badge — grate silver [MS., Coll. Arms, 2nd 
M. 16]. (Vide Fig. 33.) 

Dorset, Marquess of (Thomas Grey, d. 1501). 
Colours — white and pink. Badge — a unicorn 
ermine, armed, unguled, maned and tufted 
or. Motto — Virtute duce [Doyle]. 

Dorset, " The Lord Marquys " (Thomas 
Grey, d. 1 530). Colours — argent and gules. 
Badges — (i) a unicorn ermine, armed un- 
guled and surrounded by rays of the sun 
or ; (2) a sprig of pinks. Motto — A ma 
puissance [Standard], 

Douglas. Badge — a red heart [Boutell]. 

Draycott. Badge — a serpent^s head erased 
gules [Cussans]. 

Drummond {Clan). Badge — holly [Cussans], 

Dudley. Vide Leicester, Northumberland, 
Warwick, 

95 



Heraldic Badges 



Dundas of that Ilk. Badge — salamander 
[Nisbet]. 

Dunstable, Sir Richard. Badge — a white cock 
[MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. i6]. 

Dymoke (" Myster Dymmocke "). Colours — 
white. Badge — a sword sheathed sable point 
downwards garnished or, pommel and hilt 
of the last [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Edgecumbe (" Syr Perys Eggecombe "). Colours 
— blue. Badge — a boar's head couped and 
erect argent armed or, issuing from a laurel 
wreath vert. Motto — Au plesir fort de Dieu 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Edward I. Badges — ( i ) a rose slipped, the stalk 
vert, the petals or [Harl. MS. 304. Planch^ 
suggests that this badge is derived from 
his mother, Eleanor of Provence] ; (2) the 
broom plant [Cussans]. 

Edward II. Badge — a golden tower or castle 
(of Castile) [Great Seal]. 

Edward III. Colours — azure and gules. Badges 
— (i) the sunburst [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms] {vide Fig. 19) ; (2) a trunk or 
stump of a tree eradicated and couped or 
[Harl. MS.] ; (3) a fleur-de-lys [Boutell] ; 
(4) a sword [Boutell] ; (5) a falcon [Boutell] ; 

96 




Fig. 34. 

A design from *• Prince Arthur's Book," showing the following 
badges : (a) " sun-burst " ,• (b) fleur-de-lis 5 (c) crowned ostrich 
feather. 



A List of Badges 



(6) a gryphon [Privy Seal] ; (7) a sword 
erect on a chapeau, the blade enfiled with 
three crowns [Harl. MS. 147 1] ; (8) a boar 
[Cott. MS.— Titus A. XX. fol. 78] ostrich 
feather [Harl. MS., see text, page 48]. 

Edward IV. Colours — azure and gules [Stan- 
dard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. Livery — 
"murrey & blue." Badges — (i) a white 
rose-en-soleil [Great Seal] (Fig. 16) ; (2) a 
white rose [Standard, which also shows the 
red rose] ; (3) a red rose-en-soleil [Standard 
— MS. I. 2j Coll. Arms] ; (4) a red and 
white rose-en-soleil [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms] ; (5) a sun in splendour [Great 
Seal] ; (6) a falcon argent, within a closed 
fetterlock or (as Duke of York) [Burke, 
Boutell] ; (7) a dragon sejant sable, crowned 
or (as Earl of Ulster) [Burke, Boutell] ; 
(8) a bull sable, armed and hoofed or 
(Honour of Clare or Clarence) [Burke, 
Boutell] ; (9) a white hart, on a mount 
vert, gorged with a coronet, chained and 
attired or [Burke] ; ( 10) a white lion (March) 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms] ; (11) a 
white wolf [Lansdowne MS.]. Motto — 
Dieu et mon Droyt [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms], 

97 G 



Heraldic Badges 



Edward V. Badges — (i) the white rose of 
York [Burke] ; (2) a falcon within a fetter- 
lock [Burke], 

Edward VI. Badges — (i) the Tudor rose 
[Boutell] ; (2) the sun in splendour 
[Boutell]. (3) Within a wreath of roses a 
roundel per pale sanguine and azure charged 
with the letters E. P., and between them a 
plume of three ostrich feathers argent, their 
pens or, passing through an escroll inscribed 
with the motto " Ich dien/* and ensigned 
with the Prince's coronet. (This is his 
badge, of course, before succeeding to the 
throne, and so appears in St. Dunstan's 
Church, London.) 

Edward VII. As Queen Victoria, the cyphers 
being changed. {Vide Fig. 38.) 

Egerton, " M. RaufFe, of Rydley, Cheshire." 
Colours — argent. Badge — a pheon azure 
charged with a crescent. Motto — Fin faict 
tout [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Elizabeth, Queen. Badges — (i) a silver falcon 
[Burke] ; (2) a sieve [Burke, Woodward] ; 

(3) a harp or, stringed argent, crowned — 
for Ireland — [Burke, Woodward] (Fig. 5) ; 

(4) a crowned rose [Woodward], with the 
motto, " Rosa sine spina " [Cussans] ; (5) a 

98 



A List of Badges 



phoenix [Woodward] ; (6) a falcon with 
crown and sceptre [Woodward] ; (7) a 
fleur-de-lis gold [Woodward]. 

England. Badge — the Tudor rose crowned 
and slipped [Royal Warrant], [Fide Fig. 2). 

Errol, Earls of (Hay). Badge — an ox yoke. 

Essex, Earl of (Henry Bourchier, d. 1483). 
Badges — (i) a falcon volant with one wing 
broken argent ; (2) the Bourchier knot 
(vide Fig. 24) ; (3) a fetterlock or [Doyle] ; 
(3) a water-bouget ; (4) (?) a wine-bottle. 

" The wat bowge and the wyne bottell." 

[Political Poem, 144.9 — " Excerpta Historica."] 

Essex, Earl of (William Henry Bourchier, d. 
1540). Badges — (i) the Bourchier knot 
(vide Fig. 24) ; (2) a fetterlock with a rose 
within it. MoUo — Owr promesse made 
[Doyle]. 

Essex, Earl of (Robert Devereux, d. 1646). 
Colours — a deep yellow [Whitelocke, " Me- 
morials," p. 62]. 

Evers, William, of Walton, Yorks. Badge — 
a cat-a-mountain statant quarterly or and 
azure [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Exeter, Marquess of (Cecil). Fide Burghley. 

99 



Heraldic Badges 



Exeter, Duke of (Thomas Beaufort, d. 1427). 
Badge — a portcullis or [Doyle]. 

Exeter, Duke of (John de Holand, d, 1447). 
Badges — (i) an ear of wheat ; (2) a 
blazing cresset or fire-pot [Doyle ; but 
Planche suggests that this was only the 
badge of the Admiralty]. 

" The firy cresset hath lost its lyght." 
[Political Poem, 1449 — "Excerpta Historica.""] 

" The whete yer well them susteyn." 

[Ibid.] 

Eyre, of Hope, Co. Derby, Esq. Colours — vert. 
Badge — an armed leg erect couped at the 
thigh per pale argent and gules, the spur or 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms], 

Farquharson {Clan), Badge — purple foxglove 
[Cussans]. 

Fauconberg, Lord. Vide Kent. 

Fenys, Sir John. Badge — a martin sable [MS. 
Coll. Arms, 2nd M. i6]. 

Ferguson (Clan), Bade — poplar [Cussans]. 

Ferrers, Lord, K.G. Colours — argent and gules. 
Badges — (i) a greyhound courant argent, 
ducally gorged or ; (2) a French wife's 
hood ; (3) a horseshoe or [Standard — MS. 
L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

100 



A List of Badges 



Ferrers, The Lord. " A French wife's hood 
bounden" [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. i6]. 

Ferrers (" Sir Edward Ferrys, Knyght "). 
Co/ours — vert. Badges — ( i ) a unicorn 
courant ermine, charged on the shoulder 
with a crescent sable ; (2) a mascle or 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Fiennes, Fide Dacre. 

Fiennes, Lord Dacre. Badge — a griffin's head 
[Woodward]. 

FitzAlan. Fide Arundel. 

FitzAlan. Badge — White horse [Woodward]. 

Fitzpayne. Fide Northumberland. 

Fitzroy. Fide Richmond. 

FitzUryan, " Sir Rees ap Thomas." Colours — 
white. Badge — a raven sable standing on 
a turf vert [Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

FitzUryan, "Sir Griffith ap Res." Colours — 
gules and azure. Badge — a quatrefoil 
slipped argent leaved vert charged with a 
raven sable. Motto — Et pullis corvoru in- 
vocat ibiscum [Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Fitzwalter. Fide Ratcliffe. 

lOI 



Heraldic Badges 



Fitzwalter, Lord. Colours — azure. Badges- 



(i) a man-tiger purpure with feet as well 
as the head human, on the latter a chapeau 
or, turned up ermine ; (2) an estoile or ; 
(3) a "garbralle " argent. Motto — Je gar- 
deray [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Fitzwarren, Lord. Badge — a Bourchier's knot 
[MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. (Fig. 24). 

Fitzwilliam, Wm. Colours — azure and or. 
Badges — (i) an ibex sable, maned and 
tufted argent ducally gorged and chained 
or, on the shoulder a mullet for difference ; 
(2) a trefoil slipped argent. Motto — Loyall 
et s'aprouvara [Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Foljambe, Sir Godfrey of Walton, Derby. 
Colours — four stripes red and white. 
Badges — (i) a chatloup (or catwolfe) pas- 
sant quarterly or and sable armed or; (2) 
a human leg couped at the thigh vested 
per pale gold and sable, spurred or. Motto 
— Demoures ferme [Standard — MS. L 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Forbes {Clan). Badge — broom [Cussans]. 

Fortescue, " Mayster John." Colours — vert. 
Badges — ( i ) a heraldic tyger passant argent 

102 



A List of Badges 



maned and tufted or ; (2) an antique shield 
argent charged with the word " Fort ; " 
(3) a mullet pierced sable. Motto — Je 
pense loyalement [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Fortescue, Sir Adryan. Colours — vert. Badges 
— (i) a heraldic tiger passant argent, maned 
and tufted or, charged on the shoulders 
with a crescent sable ; (2) an antique shield 
argent charged with the word " Fort ; " (3) 
a mullet argent charged with a crescent 
sable. Motto — Loyalte pensee [Standard — 
MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Fraser (Clan). Badge — yew [Cussans], 

Fynch, Sir William of Ikylsham, Sussex. 
Colours — red. Badge — a finch vert, wings 
elevated and expanded or, standing on a 
thistle slipped proper. Motto — ^Je respon- 
deray [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Garnon, Sir Richard " of Canndyshe." Colours 
— four stripes gules and argent. Badges — 
(i) a pellet ; (2) the blade of a scythe 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

George III. Badges — (i) a rose crowned 
(England) (Fig. 2) ; (2) a thistle crowned 
(Scotland) (Fig. 3) ; (3) a harp crowned 

103 



Heraldic Badges 



(Ireland) (Fig. 5) ; (4) a trefoil slipped 
(shamrock) crowned (Ireland) (Fig. 4) ; 

(5) a Tudor rose, on the dexter side a 
thistle, on the sinister a shamrock, all issuant 
from the same stalk and surmounted by the 
Imperial crown (United Kingdom) (Fig. 6) ; 

(6) on a mount vert a dragon passant gules 
(Wales — N.B. : there is no crown used 
with this badge) (Fig. 8) ; (7) the crowned 
cypher. 

Gifford. Vide Gy fFord. 

Gloucester, Duke of (Thomas of Woodstock, 
s. of King Edward III.). Badges — (i) a 
swan argent ; (2) an ostrich feather erect, 
with a garter laid along the quiU, buckle 
downwards, below which a small scroll ; 
(3) " the fox tayle " (J. Harding, " Chron.,'' 
p. 341) [Doyle] ; (4) the stock or root of 
a tree [Seal]. 

Gloucester, Duke of (Humphrey of Lancaster, 
s. of King Henry IV.). Badges — (i) an 
ostrich feather the quill studded with 
fleurs-de-Iys. Motto — Loyalle et belle 
[Doyle] ; (2) a swan. 

"The Swanne is goon." 
[Political Verses, 1449 — " Excerpta Historica."] 

Gloucester, Duke of (King Richard III.). 

104 



A List of Badges 



Badges — (i) "ye whyt boore ; " (2) "the 
redd bull ; " (3) " the embrydylled horse " 
[MS. Ashm. 840, f. 221]. Colours — blue 
and murrey [Doyle], 

Gonthorpe, Mr. John. Baage — a saltire, on 
the sal tire a lion's head erased silver [MS. 
Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Gordon (Clan). Badge — ivy [Seton], 

Graham [Clan). Badge — laurel [Seton]. 

Grant (Clan), Badge — cranberry heath [Cus- 
sans]. 

Gray. Vide Kent. 

Gray, Sir Thomas. Badge — a scaling-ladder 
silver [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Grey. Vide Dorset, Kent, Lisle, SuiFolk. 

Grey. Badge — a lion crowned and guardant 
[Woodward]. 

Grey, Lord, of Codnor. Badge — a tress passant 
through a crown of gold, and within the 
compass of the tress a grey (or badger) 
silver [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Grey de Ruthyn, Lord. Badge — a ragged staff 
black [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Gulford ("Mayster"). Colours — four stripes 
wavy azure and argent. Badge — a ragged 

105 



Heraldic Badges 



stafF inflamed at top and sides all proper. 
Motto — Loialmant je sers [Standard — MS. 

1. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Gulfordj Sir Henry, Kt. Colours — argent and 
sable. Badge — a ragged staflF inflamed 
charged with a mullet sable. Motto — Loyal- 
mant je sers [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Gunn {Clan), Badge — rose -wort [Cussans]. 

GyfFord (" Mayster John GyiFord de Chelyng- 
ton in StafFs."). Colours — blue. Badge — a 
stirrup gold. Motto — Preignes alaine 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Harington. Vide Haryngton. 

Harington. Badge — a fret or *' Harington 
knot " [Planche]. 

Harleston. Colours — argent. Badge — a cypher 
like a quatrefoil voided. Motto — Regard et 
sovien [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Harvy, George, of Therley, Beds. Colours — 
gbld and red, four stripes. Badge — an ounce 
passant sable, spotted, collared, chained and 
holding in the forepaw a trefoil slipped or. 
Motto — Ne oblira James [Standard — MS. I. 

2, Coll. Arms]. 

106 



A List of Badges 



Haryngton, Sir James. Badge — a lion's head 
[MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. i6]. 

Hastings. Vide Huntingdon. 

Hastings. Badge — a maunch [Woodward]. 
(This badge, the charge upon the shield 
of Hastings, is still made use of in a 
curious method. The liveries of the present 
Earl of Loudoun, who is the heir of the 
Hastings family, are white, but on full- 
dress occasions his servants wear over their 
white liveries a black maunch upon one 
arm, this being fastened at the shoulder.) 

Hastings, Sir Ralph. Badge — a chafron silver, 
with three ostrich feathers or [MS. Coll. 
Arms, 2nd M. i6]. 

Hastings, Lord (William de Hastings, d. 1483). 
Badge — "Blake bouU hed rasid, horns & 
bout the neke a croune gold" [MS. Coll. 
Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Hastings, and Hungerford, Lord (Edward de 
Hastings, d. 1506). Badge — (Hungerford) 
a sickle and garb entwined and linked by 
a knot. Colours — "A lit blew & a sad" 
[MS. Harl. 4632]. {Vide Fig. 39.) 

Hastings, Lord. Colours — purple and blue. 

Badges — (i) a bull's head erased sable 

107 



Heraldic Badges 



ducally gorged and armed ; (2) a sickle 
erect argent, handle or, and a garb of the 
last, the two being connected by a knot ; 
(3) three sickles interlaced. Motto — Lame 
tiondray [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Heneage, Sir Thomas. Badge — a heart-shaped 
knot. Motto — " Fast tho' untied " [Wood- 
ward, Planche]. {Vide Fig. 25.) 

Henry II. Badges — (i) a gold escarbuncle 
[Burke (who states it to be an ancient mark 
of the house of Anjou), Boutell] ; (2) a 
sprig of broom plant (JPlanta genista) [Burke, 
Boutell] (Cussans suggests ^^ Planta Ange- 
venista^'^ i.e. the plant of Anjou) {vide 
Fig. 15) ; (3) a genet between two sprigs of 
broom [Burke] ; (4) a sword and olive- 
branch [Cotton, Boutell] ; (5) an eagle 
[Planch6]. 

Henry III. Badges — (i) a sprig of broom 
[Burke] (vide Fig. 15) ; (2) a crescent sur- 
mounted bjya star [Great Seal]. ( Vide Fig. 18.) 

Henry III. Mandate issued to Edward Fitz 
Odo ^'to cause a dragon to be made in 
fashion of a standard of red silk sparkling 
all over with gold, the tongue of which 
should be made to resemble burning fire 

and appear to be continually moving, the 

108 







Flc;. 



j:)- 



A design troiii '• Prince Arthur's L'dok," showing the tollowing 
hailges : (rt) the '• rosc-en-solcil " ; (/>) the flcur-ilc-Hs ; (c) the 
sun in splendour ; (</) the wliitc lion of March. 







Fk;. 36. 

A design troni "Prince Arthur's Book," showing (^a) the Cross 
of St. George 5 (A) tlie Bohun swan ; (c) the Heur-de-lis, 



A List of Badges 



eyes of sapphires or other suitable stones 
and to place it in the Church of St. Peter 
at Westminster" [17 June, 1244 — "Ex- 
cerpta Historica "]. 

Henry IV. Colours (of Lancaster) — white and 
blue. Badges — (i) a silver swan (Bohun) 
[Burke, Boutell, Cussans (who adds "du- 
cally gorged ")] ; (2) a white antelope 
[Burke] ; (3) a fox-tail proper [Camden] ; 
(4) the letters S. S. [Burke, Boutell, 
Cussans] ; (5) sun in splendour (2nd Gt. 
Seal), rose-en-soleil (2nd Gt. Seal) (Fig. 16) ; 
(6) an ostrich feather erect [Seal] ; (7) a 
crowned eagle [Harl. MS.] ; (8) an eagle 
displayed [Boutell] ; (9) a red rose [Bou- 
tell] ; (10) a columbine flower [Boutell] 

(11) a crowned panther [Harl. MS.] 

(12) the stock of a tree [Harl. MS. 4^32] 

(13) a crescent [HoUingshed ; but? if a 
cresset is not meant]; (14) a gennet 
passant between two sprigs of broom 
[Tomb] ; (15) an eagle displayed [Tomb]. 
Fide Lancaster, Duke of. (Queen Joan of 
Navarre used as a badge an ermine collared 
and chained.) MoUo — " A temperance." 

Henry V. Colours — ^white and blue. Badges — 
(i) a swan, wings elevated argent, beaked 

109 



Heraldic Badges 



and legged gules, ducally gorged and a 
chain reflexed over the back or ("by the 
howse of Herforth," i,e. Hereford) ; (2) 
the trunk of a tree eradiated or (" by the 
howse of Herforth *') ; (3) a red rose barbed 
and seeded proper ("for the howse of Lan- 
caster ") ; (4) an heraldic antelope statant 
argent, ducally gorged and chained or, armed 
tufted and unguled of the last. Motto — 
"Dieu et mon Droyt" [all the foregoing 
from Standards — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms] ; 
(5) a fire-beacon [Sir Wm. Segar ; also 
frieze in chantry] ; (6) an heraldic ante- 
lope lodged [Standard]. (The swan, the 
antelope lodged, both chained to the fire- 
beacon and conjoined into one device, are 
on his tomb in Westminster Abbey) ; (7) 
a fox tail [Planche] ; (8) ostrich feather 
argent [Planche]. 

Henry VI. Badges — (i) a spotted panther 
passant guardant [Harl. MS.] ; (2) two 
ostrich feathers in saltire, one silver, the 
other gold [Burke, Boutell, Cussans, and 
Woodward] ; (3) a chained antelope [Bou- 
tell] ; (4) (J) an eagle. 

"The Cornysshe chawghe (Trevillan) ofFt w* his trayne 
Hath made our egull blynde." 

[Political Poem, 144.9 — "Excerpta Historica."] 

IIO 



A List of Badges 



Queen Margaret of Anjou, Badge — a daisy 
with the motto, " Humble et loiall." 

Henry VII. Colours — argent and vert [Stan- 
dard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. Badges — (i) 
The red dragon of Cadwalladar [Burke and 
Woodward.] (N.B. — This badge was not 
originally, as now, shown passant upon a 
green mount. The mount, no doubt, ori- 
ginated from the fact that the red dragon 
was used upon a standard of the livery 
colours (Tudor), white and green. Wood- 
ward refers to another standard, in which 
the red dragon is inflamed and the field 
seme of flames. The dragon, according 
to early Welsh tradition, was of "ruddy 
gold," and is to be found both red and gold.) 

(2) A gold portcullis [Standard — MS. 
I. 2, Coll. Arms], with the motto "Altera 
securitas." (Woodward suggests the trans- 
lation of the motto, " Two-door," or a second 
door, as a pun on the name Tudor.) {Vide 
Fig. 19.) 

(3) The Tudor rose. (This was vari- 
ously represented. Burke and Woodward 
both mention the forms {a) quarterly argent 
and gules, and (J?) a white rose superimposed 

upon a red rose ; whilst Woodward also 

III 



Heraldic Badges 



mentions {c) per pale argent and gules. On 
one of this king*s standards (MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms) both red roses barbed and 
seeded proper, and white roses barbed and 
seeded proper, are found, as also " a red 
rose surmounted of a white rose with two 
buds slipped vert," and "a red rose sur- 
mounted of a white rose encircled by rays 
of the sun gold.") 

(4) The Royal Crown, in or above a 
bush of hawthorn, combined with the Royal 
Cypher. (Woodward, who recites the story 
that after the battle of Bosworth the golden 
circlet of King Richard's helm was found 
in a hawthorn bush, and with this Lord 
Stanley crowned King Henry on the battle- 
field.) 

(5) Flames of fire [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

(6) A white greyhound, collared gules 
[Standard— MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

(7) A fleur-de-lis or [Standard— MS. I. 
2, Coll. Arms]. 

(8) A dun cow [a yellow standard charged 
with a dun cow is mentioned in HalFs 
« Chronicle "]. 

(9) A falcon standing on a fetterlock 

[Cussans]. 

112 




Fig. 37. 

A design from "Prince Arthur's Book," showing (a) the Cross of 
St. George 5 {b) the crowned Tudor rose j (<:) the dragon } 
{d) the "sun-burst"; {e) the crowned portcullis,- (/) the 
fleur-de-lis; {g) the greyhound. 



A List of Badges 



(lo) The ''sun-burst" (vide Fig. 19). 

Henry VIII. Colons — argent and vert. Badges 
— (i) a red rose [Burke] ; (2) the Tudor 
roses [Standard] (a rose gules, surmounted 
of another argent, on a stalk with two buds 
proper. Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms) ; 
(3) a fleur-de-lis or [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms] ; (4) a portcullis or [Burke, 
Woodward] ; (5) a red dragon [Standard — 
MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms] ; (6) a silver cock 
with red comb and wattles [Burke] ; (7) a 
rose and pomegranate dimidiated [Tourna- 
ment Roll] [vide Fig. 1 7) ; (8) flames of fire 
[Standard— MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. Motto — 
Dieu et mon droyt. 

Katharine of Arragon, Badges — (i) a 
pomegranate ; (2) a sheaf of arrows silver ; 
(3) the two foregoing dimidiated into one 
device. 

Anne Boleyne. Badge^ — a silver falcon 
[Burke], a falcon with crown and sceptre 
[Woodward and Boutell] ; a falcon argent, 
on the stump of a tree erased or, holding 
a sceptre of the last and before him, issuing 
from the stump, a bunch of flowers argent 
and gules, stalked vert [Cussans]. 

Jane Seymour, Badge — a phoenix [Burke], 

113 H 



Heraldic Badges 



a phoenix rising from a castle between two 
Tudor roses [Boutell]. 

Anne of Cleves. Badge — a black lion 
charged on the shoulder with a gold escar- 
buncle [Burke]. 

Katharine Parr, Badge — a maiden's head 
issuing from a Tudor rose [Burke] ; the 
head crowned [Cussans]. 

Herbert. Vide Pembroke and Chamberlain 
(Lord). 

Hereford, Earl of (Humphrey de Bohun, d. 
1322). Badge — a swan [Doyle]. 

Hereford, Viscount (Walter Devereux, d. 1558). 
Badges — ( i ) a " French wife's " hood argent ; 
(2) a horseshoe or [Doyle]. 

Heron, John, " Chevalyer, Tresorier de la Cham- 
bre du Roy." Colours — red. Badges (i) a 
falcon argent, charged with three bars sable, 
on the first one, on the second two, and on 
the third three bezants, preying on a par- 
tridge or ; (2) a heron's head erased argent, 
beaked and ducally gorged or. Motto — Verite 
le demonstre [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Holand. Vide Exeter. 

Hopton, " Mayster." Colours — gules. Badge 

114 



A List of Badges 



— a griffin passant argent, wings erect or, 
beaked and tufted of the last, grasping in 
the dexter claw a pellet. MoUo — " Leyalte 
sansein " [Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Howard. Fide Arundel, Nottingham, Norfolk, 
and Stafford. 

Howard. Badge — white lion [Woodward]. 

Howgan, " Mayster." Colours — or and sable. 
Badges — (i) a cockatrice gules ; (2) a mart- 
let [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Howth, Lord (The Lord Hawth of Irland). 
Colours — four stripes argent and gules. 
Badge — a wolf statant of a " dark tawny," 
with fins along the back belly and upon the 
hind legs of a " water colour " [Standard 
MS. L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Hungerford. Fide Hastings. 

Hungerford, Lord. Badge — a sickle [tomb in 
Salisbury Cathedral]. 

Hungerford, Sir John. Colours — red and green. 
Badges — (i) a sickle erect argent, handle 
gules, banded or, charged on the blade with 
a mullet ; (2) three sickles as foregoing, 
interlaced round a mullet [Standard — MS. 
L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Hunsdon. Badge — swan [Woodward]. 

115 



Heraldic Badges 



Huntingdon, Earl of (George Hastings, d. 
1545). Colours — purple and blue. Badges 
— (i) three sickles entwined argent, the 
handles outward gules ; (2) a sickle as 
above ; (3) a sickle as above and a garb 
argent, conjoined by a cord in fret or. 
[MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. Motto — La me 
tiendra. (Vide Fig. 39.) 

Huntingdon, Earl of (Francis Hastings, d. 
1560). Livery — blue [H. Machin, "Diary," 

P- 13]- 

Huntingdon, Earl of (George Hastings, d. 
1604). Livery — 1601, "A blew coat with 
a Cognizance, being a Bull's head set 
upon the sleeve of the same " [Hey wood 
Townshend, "Hist. Collections," p. 286]. 

Huntingdon, Earl of (Henry Hastings, d. 
1595). Colours — russet and blue [Doyle]. 

Hussey, Lord. Colours — gold and green. 
Badge — a hind lodged and regardant argent, 
collared and chained or [Standard — MS. L 
2, Coll. Arms]. 

Ichyngham, "Mayster." Colours — gold. Badge 
— a hawk's lure per fesse azure and argent, 
the azure fretty argent, the string of the 

last [Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

116 



A List of Badges 



India. Badges — the Star of India (as the Star 
of that Order of Knighthood) ; the lotus 
flower [there is no official authority for 
either as a badge], 

Inglefield (Sir Thomas Ingelfeld). Badge — an 
eagle displayed with two heads per pale 
gules and azure [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms], 

Ireland. Badges — (i) the shamrock (trefoil 
slipped) vert, crowned [Royal Warrant] 
(Fig. 4) ; (2) the harp crowned [Royal 
Warrant] (Fig. 5). 

James I. Badges — (i) the Tudor rose [Burke] ; 
(2) the fleur-de-lis [Burke] ; (3) the harp 
(Ireland) [Burke] ; (4) the thistle (Scotland) 
[Burke] ; (5) a Tudor rose dimidiated 
with a thistle and surmounted by a Royal 
crown [Burke], with the motto " Beati paci- 
fici " [Cussans]. 

James II. (of Scotland). Badge — annulet [Great 
Seal]. 

James III. (of Scotland). The first Scottish 
King to use the badge of the thistle. 

James III. (of Scotland). Badge — fleur-de-lis 
[Great Seal], 

James IV. (of Scotland). Badges — trefoil [Great 

117 



Heraldic Badges 



Seal] ; mullet [Privy Seal] ; crescent [Privy 
Seal]. 

John (King). Badges — (i) a crescent sur- 
mounted by a star [Silver penny] {vide 
Fig. i8); (2) the broom plant [Cussans]. 
(Vide Fig. 15.) 

Kent, Countess of (Joan the Fair Maid of 
Kent). Badge — a white hind lodged ['^ the 
Whyte Hynd by the fayre mayden of 
Kent'' [Harl. MS. 304, fol. 12]. 

Kent, Earl of (William Neville, Lord Faucon- 
berg, d. 1463). Colours — white and blue. 
Badge — "an hangulhooke " "ye fyshoke " 
[Doyle]. 

" The Fissher hath lost his Hangulhook." 

[Political Poem, 1449 — " Excerpta Historica."] 

Kent, Earl of (The Lord Gray). Colours — ^gules. 
Badge — a wyvern with wings endorsed or 
[Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. Arms], 

Kent, Earl of (George Grey). Badge — 1475, 
" blak ragyd staffe " [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd 
M. 16] ; "a ragged staff in bend sinister 
sable." Motto — " De bon vouloir." Colour 
— scarlet [Doyle]. 

Kent, Earl of. Badge — a bear argent [Cus- 
sans]. 

118 



A List of Badges 



Kirkham ("Syr John Kerkh'm of Blakedon, 
Devon"). Colours — gules. Badge — a lion's 
head erased argent. MoUo — Ever to be 
trew [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Knowles. Badge — an elephant [Cussans]. 

Kyngeston, Sir William. Colours — azure and 
or. Badge — a goat argent rearing against 
and browsing on a tree eradicated vert 
[Standard MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Lacy. Badge — the Lacy knot [Planche]. (Fide 
Fig. 26.) 

Lamont (Clan). Badge — crab-apple tree [Cus- 
sans]. 

Lancaster, Earl of (Edmund Crouchback). 
Badge — the red rose [Tomb, according to 
Camden], 

Lancaster, Duke of (Henry, d. 1361). Badges — 
(i) the rose [Seal] ; (2) a red rose crowned 
[Harl. MS. 4632] ; (3) a fox- tail proper 
[Harl. MS. 4632] ; (4) the ostrich feather 
the pen ermine [Harl. MS. 4632]. Colours — 
white and blue. 

Lancaster, Duke of (John of Ghent). Colours 
— white and blue [Doyle]. Badges — (i) 
an ostrich feather ermine [Doyle] ; (2) 
an ostrich feather argent [Doyle] ; (3) a 

119 



Heraldic Badges 



padlock [Planche] ; (4) an eagle standing 
on a fetterlock [Doyle] ; (5) a red rose 
[Camden. The will of the Duke mentions 
his bed powdered with roses] ; (6) a white 
falcon holding a padlock in its beak [Wood- 
ward]. (A roundle sable, charged with three 
ostrich feathers ermine appeared in a window 
of Old St. Paul's opposite the tomb of John 
of Gaunt.) 

Lancaster, Duke of (Henry IV.). Badges — (i) 
an ostrich feather erect wound about four 
times by a scroll inscribed " So-ve-rey-gne,'* 
beginning at the lower end ; (2) the letter 
^ > (3) ^ swan argent, ducally collared and 
chained or (for Bohun) ; (4) an antelope or ; 
(5) a rose gules ; (6) a blazing cresset or 
fire-pot [Doyle]. Vide Henry IV. 

Lancaster, Duke of (Henry V.) Badges — 1401 
(i) a swan [R. Pari., p. 478] ; (2) an ostrich 
feather erect argent with a small scroll across 
the lower part of the quill inscribed " Ich 
dien " [Doyle]. (These two were some- 
times conjoined, the feather being held in 
the beak, and two in this form are some- 
times quoted as his supporters.) 

Lancaster Herald. Badge — a rose gules, 
crowned. (In use.) 

120 



A List of Badges 



Langford, Sir Nicholas. Badge — two wings 
silver [MS. Coll. Arms. 2nd M. 16]. 

Latimer, Lord. Badge — a human heart. Motto 
— A Dieu et a ma fiancee [Woodward]. 

Laware, Alphyn, The Lord. Colours — gules 
and azure. Badges — (i) a male griffin ; 
(2) a crampet or (Lord de la Warr) 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

La Zouche. Badge — falcon [Woodward], 

Leicester, Earl of (Robert Fitzpernell). Badge 
— a cinquefoil ermine (probably a pimpernel 
flower alusive to his mother's name) [Seal]. 

Leicester, Earl of (Simon de Montfort). Banner 
— per pale indented argent and gules (some- 
times stated to pertain to the Honour of 
Hinckley) [Roll, temp. Henry III.]. 

Leicester, Earl of (Robert Dudley). Badge — a 
ragged staff argent. Colours — or and blue 
[MS. Harl. 2076]. 

Lincoln, Earl of (Edward Clinton, d. 1585). 
Badge— ^n anchor erect argent, the stock 
flukes and two ropes extended in curves out- 
wards and down each side or [MS. Harl. 
2076] (? if this is not merely his official 
badge as Lord High Admiral. Compare 
with present Admiralty flag). Livery — 

121 



Heraldic Badges 



1552, "Cottes blake & brodered with 
whyt" [Hen. Machyn, "Diary," p. 20]. 

Lisle. Colours — blue. Badges — (i) a hart 
lodged argent, attired ducally gorged and 
chained or, within a circular wreath white 
and gold set round with lilies, some full 
blown, others in bud ; (2) a lily slipped. 
Motto — En bon heure puisse [Standard — 
MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Lisle, Viscount (Edward Grey, d. 14,92). 
Badge — 1475, "Lyon sylv. showyng hole- 
face, crouned gold, enarmed azur" [MS. 
Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Lisle, Viscount (Sir Charles Brandon). Colours 
— four stripes gules and argent. Badges — 
(i) on a rock azure, an eagle or, wings 
elevated azure, outer feathers or, beaked 
and legged purpure, holding in the dexter 
claw a bird or ; (2) a lion's head erased or, 
gutte de larmes [Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Lisle, Viscount (Arthur Plantagenet, d. 1542). 
Colours — blue and purple (four stripes). 
[MS. L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Loveday. Colours — or and argent. Badge — 
a wolf courant [Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. 
Arms], 

122 



A List of Badges 



Lovel, Viscount (Francis Lovel, d. 1487). 
Badge — a square-cornered padlock [MS. 
Ashmole, 1121]. 

Lucy ("Mayster Lusey"). Colours — azure. 
Badge — a lucy erect argent. Motto — By 
trwt be delegence [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

MacAUister (Clan), Badge — five-leaved heath 
[Cussans]. 

Macdonald (Clan). Badge — bell-heath [Seton]. 

Macfarlane (Clan), Badge — cloudberry bush. 

MacDonnell (Clan), Badge — mountain heath 
[Cussans]. 

MacDougal(C/^«). Badge — cypress [Cussans]. 

MacGregor (Clan), Badge — pine [Seton]. 

Macintosh (Clan), Badge — box (Cussans). 

MacKay (Clan). Badge — bull-rush [Cussans]. 

MacKenzie (Clan). Badge — deer grass [Cus- 
sans]. 

MacKinnon (Clan), Badge — St. John's wort 
[Cussans]. 

MacLachlan (Clan), " Badge — mountain ash 
[Cussans]. 

MacLean(C/(^«). Badge — blackberry [Cussans]. 

123 



Heraldic Badges 



MacLeod [Clan), Badge — red whortleberries 

[Cussans]. 
MacNab (Clan). Badge — rose buckberries 

[Cussans]. 
MacNeil (Clan), Badge — sea ware [Cussans]. 

MacPherson (Clan). Badge — variegated box 
[Cussans]. 

MacQuarrie {Clan). Badge — black thorn 
[Cussans]. 

MacRae (Clan). Badge — fir club moss [Cus- 
sans]. 

Malnwaring. Badge — an ass's head sable 
[Cussans]. 

Mainwaring, John " de Pevyr in com Chester 
Armiger." Colours — gules and or. Badge 
— a scythe argent. Motto — A la confucion 
des Ennemis [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms], 

Manners. Vide Roos and Rutland. 

March, Earl of (Roger Mortimer, d. 1360. 
Badge — a rose argent. [MS. Ashm. 1121, 

P- ^ZS\ 

March, Earl of (Roger Mortimer, d. 1398). 
Colours — red and white [Doyle]. 

Markham (" Mayster Marcam "). Colours — 

124 



A List of Badges 



azure. Badge — a lion of St. Mark, tail 
twisted round the leg and reflected over 
the back or, supporting in his fore paws 
a lyre (.? horse hames) unstringed of the 
last [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Marmion. Badge— 3.n ape passant argent, 
** ringed and chained gold [Harl. MS., No. 
1453, fol. 158^.] 

Mary I., Queen. Badges — (i) "The Tudor 
rose and the Pomegranate knit together " 
[Burke] (vide Fig. 17) ; (2) winged Time 
drawing Truth from a Pit, with the motto, 
" Veritas temporis filia " [First Great Seal] ; 
(3) a sheaf of arrows dimidiated with the 
Tudor rose on a ground of green and blue 
[Burke] ; (4) a crowned rose [Burke] ; (5) 
a red rose within a white one, impaled by 
dimidiation with a sheaf of arrows or, tied 
with a golden knot upon a semi-circular 
field argent and vert, the whole surrounded 
with rays and ensigned with an open crown 
or [Woodward] ; (6) an altar, thereon a 
sword erect with the motto, " Arae et regni 
custodia" ["Antiquarian Discourses," by 
Sir Richard Cotton, vol. i. p. 112.] 

Mary, Queen (of Scotland). Badge — crowned 
thistle. 

125 



Heraldic Badges 



Massyngberd, Sir Thomas, of Gunby, Co. Lines. 
Colours — four stripes, red and gold. Badge 
— two arrows in saltire argent [Standard — 
MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Mauleverer. Badge — a greyhound [Wood- 
ward]. 

Menzies (Clan), Badge — ash [Cussans], 
Montacute. Badge — talbot [Woodward]. 

Montacute,Lord. Badge — a buck [Woodward] ; 
a roebuck [Cussans]. 

Montagu, Baron (Henry Pole, d. 1539). Colours 
— blue and red, four stripes [Doyle]. 

Montford, Sir Simon. Badge — fleur-de-lys 
gold [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Montgomery, Sir Thomas. Badge — a fleur-de- 
lis [Seton]. 

Mordaunt, " Mayster " John. Badge — an eagle's 
head erased argent, ducally gorged gules, 
charged with three estoiles sable, holding in 
the beak a cinquefoil argent slipped vert. 
Motto — Lucem tuam da Nobis [Standard — 
MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Morley, Lord. Badge — bear's head muzzled 
[Woodward]. 

Mortimer. Vide March. 

126 



A List of Badges 



Mortimer. Badge — a wolf argent. 

Mowbray. Fide Norfolk. 

Mowbray. Badge — mulberry (leaf and fruit) 
[Woodward]. 

Mowbray, Segrave and Stourton, Lord. Fide 
Stourton. 

Munford. Badge — a fleur-de-lis gules [Cus- 
sans.] 

Murray (Clan), Badge — Juniper [Seton], 

Mylton ("Mayster"). Colour — gules. Badges — 
(i) a snake coiled proper ; (2) a trefoil 
slipped argent, the leaves inscribed with the 
letters A. B. C. [Standard— MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Nevill. Fide Abergavenny, Kent, Warwick. 

Nevill. Badge — a galley sable [Woodward]. 

Neville. Badge — dun bull [Woodward, Cus- 
sans]. 

Neville. Badge — annulet [Woodward]. 

Neville. Badge — a fret or [Cussans]. 

Neville. Badges — (i) ship [Woodward] ; (2) 
ship's buoy [Woodward] ; (3) staples 
[Woodward]. 

Newport, Sir Thomas, Bailiff of Egle. Colours 

— red. Badges — (i) a stag trippant or, 

127 



Heraldic Badges 



ducally gorged of the last ; (2) a vine 
branch argent. Motto — Esperance me 
grandement comforte [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Norfolk, Duke of (Mowbray). Badge — mul- 
berry tree [Seton]. 

Norfolk, Duke of (Thomas Mowbray, Duke and 
Earl of Norfolk, d. 1 400). Badge — ( 1387) 



" Pennis coronata 



>» 



J. Gower, " Chronica 



tripartita : " Political Poems, I. p. 419]. 

Norfolk, Duke of (John Mowbray, d. 146 1). 
Badges — (i) " the white lyoun — " 

" The white lyon Is leyde to slepe." 

[Political Poems, II. p. 222.] 

(2) an ostrich feather erect, a chain laid 
along the quill [Seal, 1442.] 

Norfolk, Duke of (John Mowbray, d. 1476). 
Badge— {i^^S) ^ " whytt lyon " [MS. Coll. 
of Arms, 2nd M. 16]. Livery — "Blewe 
and tawny, and blew on the leiFte syde and 
bothe darke colors " [" Paston Letters,'* II. 

P- 355]- 
Norfolk, Duke of (John Howard). Badge — 
1475, "Whytt lyon, on his sheulde, cres- 
sant azur " [MS. Coll. of Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Norfolk, Duke of (Thomas Howard, d. 1524). 

128 



A List of Badges 



Badge— i^^Sy " Salet silv." [MS. Coll. of 
Arms, 2nd M. i6]. Colours — argent and 
gules [Doyle]. {Vide Fig. 21.) 

Norreys, John, Esquire of the Body to Henry 
VI. Badge — a conduit. 

" The Coundite rennyth not as I wene." 

[Political Poems, 1449 — "Excerpta Histoiica."] 

Northampton, Earl of (William de Bohun, d. 
1360). Colours — Black and red [Lansd. 
MS. 856]. 

Northampton, Marquess of (William Parre, d. 
1 571). Liveries — 1571, yellow and black 
[H. Machyn, p. 13]. 

Northumberland, Earl of (Henry Percy, d. 
1407). Badge — ** Cressans, as braas" 
["Acts of the Privy Council," I. p. 210]. 

Northumberland, Earl of (Henry Percy, d. 
1489). Badges — (1) a crescent argent ; (2) 
a shacklebolt or, within a crescent argent 
[Doyle]. 

Northumberland, Earl of (Henry Algernon 
Percy, d. 1527). Colours — russet, yellow, 
and tawny. Badges — (i) the blue lion pas- 
sant (Percy) ; (2) a silver key crowned 
(Poynings) ; (3) a blue bugle horn sans 
strings, garnished gold (Bryan) ; (4) a 

129 I 



Heraldic Badges 



falchion hiked or and sheathed sable (Fitz- 
payne) ; (5) the silver crescent (Percy) ; 
(6) the gold "locket" (or manacles) 
(Percy) ; (7) a unicorn passant argent, 
ducally gorged and lined or [Poynyngs] ; 
(8) a boar statant argent, ducally gorged 
and lined or ; (9) a leopard statant argent, 
sem6 of torteaux and hurts, crowned or 
(Percy). Motto — Esperance en Dieu 
[Standards]. {Vide Fig. 30.) 

Northumberland, Duke of ' (Dudley, K.G.). 
Colours — gules. Badges — ( i ) a lion passant 
guardant argent, ducally crowned or ; (2) a 
staff raguly erect or. Motto — Ung Dieu, 
ung Roy, servir Je doy [Standard — MS. I. 
2, Coll. Arms]. 

Northumberland, Duke of (John Dudley, d. 
1553). Standard— IS S'^y " ^^^ damaske, a 
whyt lyon silver, and with ragyd stayifes " 
[H. Machyn, "Diary," p. 19]. Liveries— 
"Cotes alle blake wellevet in-brodery the 
alff, & th'odur blake in-brodery whyt & 
red" [Ibid]. Badges— {i) a bear argent, 
muzzled gules, collar and chain or, sup- 
porting a ragged staff of the first ; (2) a 
ragged staff erect argent ; (3) a cinquefoil 

pierced ermine [Doyle]. 

130 



A List of Badges 



Norton, Sir John, Kt. Colours — red. Badge — 
a greyhound's head erased in front of two 
wings erect all or [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Norwich, Earl of (Edward Denny, d. 1630). 
Liveries — 1603, "Blew livery coates and 
white dublets, hattes and feathers" [E. 
Howes, " Annales," p. 822]. 

Norys, Sir Walter. Badge — black raven's head 
erased [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Nottingham, Earl of (William Berkeley, cr. 
1483). Badge — a unicorn statant gules, 
armed unguled maned and tufted or 
[Doyle]. 

Nottingham, Earl of (Charles Howard, d. 
1624). Liveries — 1605. 'Trumpeters — 
orange colour damask, with clokes of cloth 
of the same colour. Footmen — orange- 
tawny velvet. Pages — velvet of the same 
colour, with their clokes suitable. Teomen 
— clokes of orange-tawny cloth, garded 
with silver and blue silk lace [Robert Tres- 
well, Somerset Herald, " Somers Tracts," 
II., p. 72]. 

Ogilvie (Clan), Badge — Hawthorn [Cussans]. 

131 



Heraldic Badges 



Ogle. Badge — a red bull's head [Woodward] ; 
a bulFs head erased argent [Cussans]. 

Oliphant {Clan), Badge — maple [Cussans], 

Ormonde. Badge — the Ormonde knot [Plan- 
che, Woodward, Cussans]. [Vide Fig. 23.) 

Ormonde, Earl of. Badge — "a pair of key- 
thongs" {sky but drawn as an animal) 
[MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Oxford, Earl of (Hugh de Vere, d. 1263). 
Badge — a boar's head [Sig. Secretum]. 

Oxford, Earl of (John de Vere, d. 1513). 
Badge — a mullet argent, charged with 
another azure [Doyle]. 

Oxford, Earl of (John de Vere, d. 1540). 
Badge — a mullet [Doyle]. 

Oxford, Earl of (John de Vere, d. 1562). 
Badges — (i) a mullet argent; (2) a stag 
statant argent, attired unguled and tufted 
o^ 5 (3) ^ long-necked round-bottle bar- 
wise argent, suspended by a cord azure ; 
(4) "a chayer of Estate, with cooshins all 
gold in it" [MS. Vincent, 172, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Oxford, Earl of (Sir John Vere). Badges — ( i ) 

a boar statant azure, armed unguled and 

bristled or, charged with a crescent argent ; 

132 




Fig. 40. 

The bottle of 

de Vere, Earls 

of Oxford. 




Fig. 38. 
The King's cypher. 






Fig. 39. 

The badge of the Lords 
Hastings. 



Fig. 41. 

The *' Garde-bras" 

of Ratcliff. 




Fig. 43. 

Queen Victoria's 

cypher. 



Fig. 42. 

The " drag " of the Lords 
Stourton. 



Fig. 44. 

Queen Victoria's 
cypher. 



A List of Badges 



(2) a mullet argent, charged with a crescent 
azure [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Oxford, Earls of (De Vere). Badges — (i) a 
boar azure [Stowe's " Survey of London "] ; 
(2) " The Earls of Oxford also used a bottle 
argent, suspended by a cord azure, in right 
of their hereditary office of Lord High 
Chamberlain ; or possibly this badge was 
only a Rebus,'and was intended to represent 
verre a glass bottle. Over the west window 
of the church at Castle Hedingham, Essex, 
this badge appears as in the margin '* 
(Fig. 40) [Cussans]. 

Parre. Fide Northampton. 

(i^) Parre (" Sir Thomas ap Per, Kt "). Colours 
— or and sable. Badge — a woman's head 
affrontee couped at the shoulders argent, 
crined or, vested gules, fimbriated or 
[Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Paston, Sir Wm., of Paston, Norfolk. Colours 
— red. Badge — a circular chain or. Motto 
— Si je pense [Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Paulet. Vide Winchester. 

Peche, Sir John, Kt. Colours — blue. Badge — 
a peach slipped argent charged with the 

133 



Heraldic Badges 



letter «E" [Standard— MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms], 

Pelham. Badge — a buckle argent (or sometimes 
gold). (This badge is now used by the 
Duke of Newcastle who is heir general, 
by the Earl of Chichester who is heir male, 
and by the Earl of Yarborough who is heir 
general of a cadet line.) 

It commemorates the part performed by 
Sir John Pelham in the capture of the King 
of France at the Battle of Poictiers, and is 
no doubt taken from the augmentation to 
his arms which was granted to him. These 
arms of Pelham are borne of right by all the 
above mentioned. 

Pembroke. Badge — spear-head [Woodward]. 

Pembroke, The Earl of. Badge — " a draught 
horse gold " (distinguished by having collar 
and braces) [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. i6]. 

Pembroke, Earl of (William Herbert, d. 1570). 
Badge — "the dragon grene" [MS. Ash- 
mole, 840]. Livery — 1554, "Bluw cotes 
gardyd with velvet and badge a gren dragon " 
[H. Machyn, " Diary," p. 74]. 

Per. Vide Parre. 

Percy. Vide Northumberland, Worcester. 

134 



A List of Badges 



Perth, Earl of. Badge — caltrap [Nisbet]. 

Peverell. Badge — pepper- sheaf [Woodward]. 

Peverel. Badge — a garb [Boutell]. 

Phyllypp ap Blederyke, Wales (Thomas F.). 
Colours — gold. Badges ( i ) a lion statant 
sable, collared and chained or ; (2) a mag- 
pie proper [Standard — MS. 1. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Pierpoint, Sir William. Colours — four stripes 
purple and white. Badge — a lion passant 
sable grasping in the dexter paw a cinque- 
foil or [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Pitt. Fide Chatham. 

Plantagenet. Fide Lisle, Richmondand Somerset. 

Plantagenet, Sir Arthur, Kt. Co/ours — four 
stripes blue and purple. Badges — (i) a 
lyon passant guardant cowarded argent, on 
the breast a bendlet sinister gules ; (2) a 
falcon within an open fetterlock all gold, 
surmounted by a bendlet sinister. MoUo — 
Dieu la volu [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Pole. Fide De la Pole and Montagu. 

Ponyngs, Sir Edward. Colours — gules. Badges — 
(i) a unicorn courant argent, armed and 

135 



Heraldic Badges 



unguled or ; (2) a key wards downwards 
argent, ensigned with a ducal coronet or 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Poole, William, " in Wherhall, Chestershyre, of 
Poole." Colours — argent. Badges — (i) a 
stag's head caboshed gules, armed barry or 
and azure ; (2) a griffin's head erased azure, 
ducally gorged, beaked and eared or. Motto 
— A vostre peril [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Portcullis Pursuivant. — Badge — a portcullis (In 
Use). 

Poynings. Vide Northumberland and Ponyngs. 

RatclifFe. Vide Fitzwalter and Sussex. 

Ratcliffe (" Mayster Ratleefe "). Colours — light 
azure. Badges — (i) a man tiger purpure 
with feet as well as head human, on the 
latter a chapeau or, turned up ermine, and 
suspended round the neck by a chain of gold, 
a sun of the last and beneath a padlock or ; 
(2) a bull's head erased sable armed, ducally 
gorged and chained or ; (3) an estoile or 
[Standard— MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

RatclifF (Fitzwalter), Sir John. Badge — a garde- 
bras silver [MS, Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Raynsforth, Sir John. Colours — four stripes 

136 



(?c &J ¥l^3curf Qc -^ 




Fig. 45. 

A design from " Prince Arthur's Book," showing a combination 
of two of the badges of King Richard II. 



A List of Badges 



gold and red. Badges — (i) a greyhound 
courant of a russet colour, plain collared or ; 
(2) a buck's head caboshed azure. MoUo — 
Passes avant [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Revers. Fide Devon. 

Rich. Badge — a greyhound courant [Cussans, 
Woodward]. 

Richard I. Badges — (i) a sprig of broom, the 
pods open [First Great Seal] {vide Fig. 15) ; 
(2) a crescent surmounted by a star [Great 
Seal] (vide Fig. 18) ; (3) a mailed arm 
grasping a broken lance. MoUo — " Christo 
duce " [Cotton, Boutell] ; (4) a sun over 
two anchors [Guillim]. 

Richard II. Badges — (i) a white hart lodged, 
gorged with a gold coronet and chained 
under a tree [Westminster Hall ; offigy, 
Westminster Abbey] ; (2) a sprig of broom, 
the cods open and empty [effigy, West- 
minster Abbey] (vide Fig. 15) ; (3) the sun 
in splendour [Standard MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms] ; (4) the eradicated stump of a tree 
couped or [Burke, Boutell] ; (5) a white 
falcon [Hollingshed] ; (6) the sun-burst 
[effigy, Westminster Abbey] (vide Fig. 
19) > (7) ^ white hart lodged, ducally 

137 



Heraldic Badges 



gorged and chained and armed and un- 
guled or [MS. Chronicle, "Wardrode 
Accounts," 1399. Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms], His wife. Queen Anne. 
Badges — (i) an ostrich ducally gorged and 
chained holding a passion nail in its beak ; 
(2) a knot [both on her Q^gy^ Westminster 
Abbey]. 

Richard III. Badges — (i) a silver boar, tusked 
and bristled gold [Harl. MS. 4632] ; (2) 
sun in splendour [Harl. MS. 4632] ; (3) 
rose [Great Seal] ; (4) falcon with maid's 
head [sculpture]. 

Richmond, Earl of (Edmund Tudor). Colours — 
white and green [Doyle]. 

Richmond, Margaret, Countess of (Mother of 
Henry VII.). Badge — ostrich feather 
argent [Planche]. 

Richmond, Earl of (Henry VII.). Banners — 
(i) " The ymage of Saint George " ; (2) 
" A red firie dragon beaten upon whyte and 
grene sarcenet " ; (3) " Of yelowe tarterne, 
in the whyche was paynted a dunne cowe " 
[Grafton, « Chron.," II. p. 158]. 

Richmond and Somerset, Duke of (Henry 
Fitzroy, natural son of Henry VIII., d. 

138 



A List of Badges 



1536). Colours — three stripes argent, azure 
and or. Badges — (i) a lion passant guard- 
ant, ducally gorged and chained ; (2) a rose 
per fesse gules and argent, stalked and 
leaved vert and issuant from the midst 
thereof a demi-lion rampant argent, ducally 
gored and chained or. MoUo — Debvoir me 
oblige [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Richmond Herald. Badge — a red rose dimidiated 
with a white rose-en-soleil, crowned. [In use.] 

Rivers, Earl (Richard de Wydeville, d. 1469). 
Badge — " Ye pychard & y^ pye " (i.e. a 
pitcher and a magpie) [Wroxton MS.]. 

Rivers, Earl (Anthony Wydeville, d. 1483). 
Badge — 1475, " Scaleipp silv '' [MS. Coll. 
Arms, 2nd M. 16] ; *'The scalop schelles " 
[Wroxton MS.]. 

Robertson (Clan). Badge — bracken [Seton]. 

Rodeneye. Badge — a boar's head couped sable 
armed or, charged with a label of three 
points azure [Standard MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Roos. Badge — silver water-bouget [Wood- 
ward]. 

Roos, Lord (George Manners). Colours — azure 
and or. Badge — a bull's head erased gules, 

139 



Heraldic Badges 



armed ducally gorged and chained or. Motto 
— Pour y parvenir [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Rose [Clan), Badge — briar rose [Cussans]. 

Ross {Clan), Badge — bear-berries [Cussans]. 

Rouge Dragon Pursuivant. Badge — a red dragon. 

Russell. Vide Bedford. 

Russell. Badge — a goat courant the horns 
wreathed or and azure [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms.] 

Rutland, Earl of. Badge — a peacock [Cus- 
sans]. 

Rutland, Earl of (Henry Manners, d. 1563). 
Colours — yellow and blue [H. Machyn, 
"Diary," p. 13]. Livery — 1552, "Cottes 
bluw in-brodery [Ibid., p. 19]. 

Sacheverell (Richard, of Sadyngton, Co. Leics.). 
Colours — red and gold. Badge — a hawk's 
lure stringed or, per fesse purpure and 
azure, the purpure fretty or, the azure 
charged with a water-bouget, and thereon a 
hawk argent, bells on his feet and one on 
his tail or. Motto — Trowthe byndith me 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

St. John. Vide Tregoze. Badge — horse-collar 

[Woodward]. 

140 



A List of Badges 



St. John. Badge — falcon [Woodward]. 

St. Leger ("Sant Legyre"). Colours — blue. 
Badges — ( i ) a griffin passant wings elevated 
or, head neck and wings fretty azure, fore- 
legs and beak gules ; (2) a pair of barnacles 
or [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

SandeSj or Sandys. Badge — elephant [Cussans, 
Woodward]. 

Savage, Sir John. Badge — unicorn's head 
erased silver [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Scales. Badge — escallop [Woodward]. 

Scotland. Badge — the thistle crowned [Royal 
Warrant] (Fig. 3). 

Scrope (The Lord Skroup). Co /ours — argent. 
Badge — a Cornish chough [Standard — MS. 
I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Seymour. Fide Somerset. 

Seymour (Sir John Semer, Kt.). Colours — 
gules. Badge — a leopard's head or [Standard 
—MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Sheffield, Sir Thomas, Treasurer of St. John's. 
Colours — blue. Badge — a garb or. Mouo — 
Save the le otheos [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Shrewsbury, Earl of (John Talbot, d. 1453). 

141 



Heraldic Badges 



Badge — a talbot dog argent. Livery — scarlet 
and black [Doyle], 

" And he is bownden that our dor shuld kepe 
That is Talbott our good dogge." 

[Political Poem, 1449 — "Excerpta Historica."] 

Shrewsbury, The Earl of. Colours — gules and 
sable. Badges — ( i ) a talbot passant argent ; 
(2) a chafFron adorned with three feathers 
or [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Shrewsbury, Earl of (George Talbot, d. 1541). 
Colours — scarlet and black [Doyle]. Stan- 
dard — 1 5 13, "GouUes & sabuU & talbot 
sylv. passant & shafFrons gold " [MS. Cott. 
C. V.]. Badges — (i) a talbot dog argent; 

(2) a chamfron (or horse's head armour), 
with three feathers above and buckle straps 
extended on each side or [MS. I. 2, Coll. of 
Arms]. 

Shrewsbury, Earl of (George Talbot, d. 1590). 
Badge — "The Talbot in the Garland" 
[MS. Harl. 11 56]. 

Sinclair {Clan), Badge — clover [Cussans]. 

Skeffington. Colours — gules. Badges — (i) a 
mermaid proper, crined or, comb, mirror 
and fins of the last charged with a label of 
three points gules ; (2) a crescent gules ; 

(3) a tun or, transfixed in pale by five 

142 



A List of Badges 



arrows points downwards argent. Motto — 
Loialte mantient amor [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Smyrte (Mr. Garter). Badge — a broad arrow- 
head black armynes [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd 
M. 16]. 

Smythe, William of Elford, Cheshire. Colours — 
white. Badge — a griffin's head sable, erased 
gules beaked or collared argent [Standard — 
MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Somerset* Vide Worcester ; and see Chamberlain, 
Lord. 

Somerset, Duke of (John Beaufort, d. 1444). 
Colours — bendy red green and white. Badge 
— an ostrich feather erect argent, the quill 
componee silver and azure [Garter Plate]. 

Somerset, Duke of (Edmund Beaufort, d. 1455). 
Badge — 1449, "The Portecolys '' — 

" The Portecolys is leyd a down." 

[Political Poems, II. p. 221.] 

Badges — " The bonet of stele, and the 
cresset w' a difference and the beane stalk " 
[MS. Ashmole, 763, iv.]. 

Somerset, Duke of (Edward Seymour, d. 1552). 
Colours — or and gules [MS. Harl. 2076]. 
Badge—'' The fenix " [MS. Ashmole, 840]. 

143 



Heraldic Badges 



StaiFord. Vide Buckingham, Wiltshire. 

Stafford, Earl of (William Stafford Ho war .). 
Grant of supporters, 1720, whereon are 
" depicted " the " eighteen badges be- 
longing to the said most ancient and illus- 
trious family of Stafford." Vide text, p. 41, 
(Ai) Colours — argent. Badge — a cross 
potent the palar limbs crossed, (i) Colours 
— barry of ten argent and vert. Badge — a 
lion rampant gules, ducally crowned or. 
(2) Colours — per pale sable and gules. 
Badge — on a wreath argent and vert, a 
swan with wings displayed and inverted 
argent ducally gorged and lined or. (3) 
Colours — per pale sable and gules. Badge — 
on a wreath argent and vert, a lion statant 
guardant and crowned or, collared argent. 
(4) Colours — vert. Badge — an escutcheon 
per pale sable and gules, charged with a 
Stafford knot or. (5) Colours — per pale sable 
and gules, on a wreath argent and vert, an 
heraldic antelope sejant argent, attired, 
ducally gorged and lined or. (6) Colours — 
per pale sable and gules. Badge — the hub 
of a cart-wheel inflamed or. (7) Colours — 
gules. Badge — a grif?in segreant or. (8) 
Colours — per pale sable and gules. Badge — 

144 



A List of Badges 



Fide illustration. (9) Colours — argent. 
Badge — a lion rampant gules, crowned or. 
^10) Colours-^per pale sable and gules. 
Badge — a mantle azure, lined ermine, cords 
and tassels or. (11) Colours — or. Badge — 
a lion rampant gules, crowned or within an 
orle of eight estoiles gules. (12) Colours — 
per pale sable and gules. Badge — an eagle 
rising azure, the wings displayed and in- 
verted or. (13) Colours — gules. Badge — 
a sun in splendour argent. (14) Colours — 
argent. Badge — a fret. (15) Colours — 
azure. Badge — two fleurs-de-lys in pale 
between as many fish paleways and addorsed 
heads upwards all or. (16) Colours — or. 
Badge — a mulberry branch. (17) Colours — 
gules. Badge — a lion rampant argent, 
ducally crowned or. 

Stanley. Vide Derby. 

Stanley. Badge — " bird and bantling '* [Wood- 
ward]. 

Stanley, Sir William. Badge — a hart's head 
silver [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Stapleton. Badge — staples [Woodward]. 

Stapylton, Sir Bryan. Colours — gules and or. 
Badge — a talbot passant, the ear slit and 

145 K 



Heraldic Badges 



bleeding. Motto — Mieulx je sera [Standard 
—MS. I. 2. Coll. Arms]. 

Stephen, King. Badges — (i) a Sagittarius ; 
(2) a plume of three ostrich feathers. 
Motto — Vi nulla invertitur ordo [Cussans]. 
(Whilst that writer refers to GuilHm, who 
quotes no authority, his assertion is almost 
incredible.) 

Stewart (Clan). Badge — thistle [Cussans]. 

Stourton, Lord. Badge — a gold " drag," or 
sledge. [The sledge is to be found on the 
wall of the church of Little Langford, 
Wilts, and Sir Richard Colt Hoare wrote 
that in his time the badge was to be seen 
painted on glass in the parish church of 
Stourton, Co. Wilts., with the motto, 
" Espoir en Dieu." Vide " History of the 
Noble House of Stourton," p. 105.] Livery 
— white and black. 

(Roger Stourton, of Ruston, Co. Dorset, 
younger son of Edward, 6th Lord Stourton, 
in his will, dated January 28, 1550, men- 
tions six of his servants, who are " to have 
their liveries according to my lord's livery, 
which is white and black." This livery 
has continued in use to the present day.) 

146 



A List of Badges 



Strangways (" Myster Gilys Strangweys of 
Stynynfordj" Dorsetshire). Colours — four 
stripes argent and purpure. Badge — a boards 
head issuing from a ducal coronet. Motto — 
Espoir me comfort [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Sudeley, 4th Baron (C. D. R. Hanbury-Tracy). 
Badge — a fire-beacon and in front thereof 
and chained thereto, a panther ducally 
gorged, the tail nowed [Burke's " Peerage,'' 
1906]. 

Suffolk. Badge — fetterlock [Woodward]. 

Suffolk, Duke of (William de la Pole, d. 1450). 
Badge — an ape's clog argent, with chain or 
[MS. Ashmole, 1 1 2 1, f. 142]. (Vide Fig. 20.) 

"The whyte Lion (D. of Norfolk) is leyd to slepe 
Throuz the qhyj of the Ape clogge." 

[Political Poem, 144.9 — "Excei-pta Historica."] 

Suffolk, Duke of (John de la Pole, d. 1491). 
Badge — 1475, ''Lyon of gold the Kewe 
forched" [MS. 2nd M. 16, Coll. Arms]. 
Badge — the Suffolk knot [MS. Ashmole, 
1 121, f 105]. {Vide Fig. 28.) 

Suffolk, Duke of (Charles Brandon, d. 1545). 
Colours — white and scarlet (four horizontal 
stripes on standard). 

Suffolk, Duke of (Henry Grey, d. 1554). 

147 



Heraldic Badges 



Colours — 1552, "whyt and morrey" [H. 
Machyn, *' Diary," p. 19]. 

Suffolk, Earl of (Thomas Howard, d. 1626). 
Liveries — 1597, "Blew coates faced with 
sad sea colour greene taffety, with feathers 
of the same colours, and many chaines of 
gold " [Doyle]. 

Surrey, Earl of (John de Warenne, d. 1347). 
Badges (or ? Crests) — (i) an escarbuncle ; 
(2) a wyvern argent ; (3) a wyvern argent, 
wings expanded, chequy or and azure 
[Doyle]. 

Sussex, Earl of (Robert Ratcliffe, d. 1542). 
Badges — (i) "A babyon wyth a hatte apon 
hys hed ; " (2) " A bulls hed sabull rassed, 
the homes sylv. with a crowne & a cheyn 
at hyt abowt his nek silv. ; '' (3) " An 
elbow gard, & the souns gold" [MS. 
Cott. C. v.] Vide Fitz Walter and Ratcliffe. 

Sussex, Earl of (Thomas Ratcliffe, d. 1583). 
Badge — golden serpent, his tail about a star 
[MS. Harl. 11 56]. 

Sussex, Earl of (Henry Ratcliffe). Badges — 

(i) "The star" [MS. Ashm. 763, iv.] ; (2) 

"The Serpent" (Egremont) [MS. Ashm. 

840]. 

148 



A List of Badges 



Sutherland (Clan). Badge — Cat's-tail grass 
[Cussans.] 

Swynarton, Thomas of Swynarton, Co. Staff. 
Colours — four stripes gold and blue. Badges 
— (i) on a mount vert, covered with daisies 
a boar argent, collar azure, charged with 
five bezants holding in his mouth a pomeis, 
snout, ears and hoofs gules, tusks and 
bristles or ; (2) a tuft of daisies argent. 
Motto — Avanturey et marche savant. 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Swynnerton (Thomas Swynarton de Stafford). 
Colours — gules. Badges — (i) on a mount 
vert covered with daisies, a boar argent, 
collar azure, charged with six bezants ; (2) 
a tuft of daisies argent. Motto — Spes mea 
in Deo [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Sydney. Badge — a hedgehog [Woodward]. 

Talbot. Vide Shrewsbury. 

Talbot, Sir Robert of Kymes. Badge — a white 
bull [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Talbot, Sir Humphrey. Badge — a running 
hound silver charged on the shoulder with 
a mullet [MS. Coll. Arms, 2nd M. 16]. 

Throckmorton (" Mayster Frogmorton "). 

Colours — four stripes red and white. Badge 

149 



Heraldic Badges 



— a crescent gold [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Tregoze, "a horse's breast-armour per pale 
argent and gules, rimmed gold." (This is 
a charge as "the badge of Tregoze " upon 
the sinister supporter of Viscount Boling- 
broke. Elsewhere termed "hames," and 
described as resembling an antique shield 
rimmed gold the field per pale argent and 
gules and charged with a crescent sable, 
thereon a label of three points or.) 

Trevilian, John, Esquire. Badge — a Cornish 
chough. 

"The Cornysshe chawghe ofFt w* his trayne." 

[Political Poem, 1449 — "Excerpta Historica."] 

Trusbutt. Badge — silver water-bouget [Wood- 
ward]. 

Trussell, Sir William. Badge — black ass head 
and bout the neck a crown gold [MS. Coll. 
Arms, 2nd M. i6]. 

Tudor. Vide Richmond. 

Tyler, Sir William. Colours — four stripes white 

and blue. Badge — a crescent and issuant 

therefrom a cross patee fitche gules. Motto — 

Nowe it is thus [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 

Arms]. 

150 



A List of Badges 



Tyrellj Thomas of Gypping, SufF. Badge — an 
interlacing of a trefoil shape. Motto — Tout 
pour le mieulx [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Vaughan, Sir Hugh of Lytylton. Colours — 
four stripes gold and green. Badges — (i) a 
griffin passant double queued gules, fretty 
gold, charged between the frets on the neck 
breast and wings with plates and holding 
in the dexter foreclaw a sword erect argent, 
pomel and hilt or ; (2) a fish-head erased 
and erect or " inguUant " of a spear's head 
argent. Motto — Couraige avance I'home 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Verdon. Badge — a fret [Cussans]. 

Vere. Vide Oxford. 

Verney (" M. RauiF, of Pendeley, Herts.'') 
Colours — white. Badges — (i) a demi-phoenix 
in flames proper looking to rays of the 
sun issuing from clouds ; (2) a mullet or 
fimbriated gules. Motto — Ung tout seul 
[Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Vernon. Vide Devon. 

Vernon, Sir Henry. Colours — argent and or. 
Badge — a fret sable [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arm]. 

151 



Heraldic Badges 



Victoria, Queen. Badges — (i-6) as George 
III. ; (y) the cypher V.R. within the garter 
and crowned (vide Fig. 43) ; (8) the cypher 
V.R. crowned {vide Fig. 44) ; (9) the con- 
joined crosses of St. George (England), St. 
Andrew (Scotland), and St. Patrick (Ireland) 
disposed upon a shield and crowned (vide 

Fig. 7). 

Villers, John, of Brokesby, Leics. Badge — a 
cock gules [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Wake. Badge — the Wake knot [Woodward, 
Cussans]. [Vide Fig. 23.) 

Wales. Badges — (i) on a mount vert, a dragon 
passant gules [Royal Warrant] (Fig. 8) ; 
(2) a leek [general acceptance only, there 
being no official authority]. 

Wales, Edward "of Woodstock," Prince of 
(The Black Prince). Shield for Peace — 
"sable, three ostrich feathers with scrolls 
argent." Motto — " Ich diene." {Vide text, 
page 46) Fig. 14. Badges — (i) an ostrich 
feather piercing a scroll [Woodward] ; (2) 
a swan with a lady's head [Planche]. 

Wales, Prince of (Henry of Monmouth, s. of 
Henry IV.). Supporter (? Badge) — a swan 

152 



A List of Badges 



ducally gorged and chained holding in his 
beak an ostrich feather erect enfiled with a 
scroll. 

Wales, Prince of (Edward of Westminster, s. 
of Henry VI.). Livery — " A bende of 
crymesyn & blacke, with esteryge is fe- 
therys '' [Gregory, "Chronicle," p. 212]. 

Wales, Prince of (Arthur, s. of Henry VII.) 
Badges — (i) a rose ; (2) a fleur-de-lys ; (3) 
a fetter-lock ; (4) five arrows tied in the 
middle, starwise ; (5) a portcullis ; (6) a 
rose in rays ; (7) a pomegranate [Doyle] ; 
(8) an ostrich feather [Tomb] ; (9) a plume 
of ostrich feathers [Tomb], 

Wales, Prince of (Henry VIII. ). Colours — 
white and green or "Blew and tawny" 
[Doyle]. 

Wales, Prince of, 161 8 (s. of James I.). Badge 
— three ostrich feathers enfiled by a coronet 
of crosses pat6e and fleurs-de-lis, with 
motto, " Ich dien," the whole badge dis- 
played upon rays of a sun in splendour or, 
all on a ground gules within the Garter 
[window in Staple Inn]. 

Wales, Prince of, 1906 (George, Duke of 
Cornwall and York). Badges — (i) a plume 
of three ostrich feathers argent, enfiled by a 

153 



Heraldic Badges 



coronet composed of crosses patee and 
fleurs-de-lis or, and upon a scroll the motto 
^'Ich dien" (Fig. 9) (N.B.— This badge 
appertains to the heir-apparent to the Crown^ 
and has no connection with the title of 
Prince of Wales, it having been exemplified 
to the Duke of Cornwall and York before 
his creation as Prince of Wales and imme- 
diately upon his father's succession to the 
throne) ; (2) on a mount vert, a dragon 
passant gules (the badge of Wales) differ- 
enced by a label of three points argent. 
Refer to Fig. 8 [Royal Warrants]. 

Walsingham. Badges — (i) a tiger's head [Harl. 
MS. No, 5910, Part II., fol. 167] ; (2) a 
boar's head couped sable, holding in the 
mouth a walnut vert [Harl. MS. No. 4031, 
fol. 162.] 

Warburton (^' Mayster Warburton de Warburton 
in Chesshy "). Colours — argent. Badges — 
(i) a Saracen's head affrontee proper couped 
at the neck, wreathed about the temples 
argent and gules and issuing from the 
wreath a plume of three ostrich feathers 
or ; (2) a cormorant's head erased sable. 
Motto — Je vouldroie avoir [Standard — MS. 
I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

154 



A List of Badges 



Warenne. Fide Surrey. 

Warwick, Earl of (Thomas de Warwick, d. 
1242). Badge — a swan argent, bill, wings 
and coronet round the neck gules, mem- 
bered sable [MS. Vincent, 152, Coll. Arms]. 

Warwick, Earl of (Thomas de Beauchamp, d. 
1401). Badges — (i) " Ursus " [J. Gower, 
Political Poems, I. 419] ; (2) a ragged staff 
[border of his helmet in effigy at Warwick]. 

Warwick, Earl of (Richard de Beauchamp, d. 
1439). Badges — (i) a bear argent, muzzled 
gules, leaning on a ragged staff of the first ; 

(2) a ragged staff in bend dexter argent 
[Doyle]. 

Warwick, Duke of (Henry de Beauchamp, 
d. 1446). Badge — A bear argent, collared 
gules, studded of the first, with chain attached 
and reflexed over the back or [Rous Roll]. 

Warwick, Earl of Salisbury and (Richard 
Nevill). Badges — (i) "The Bere, and (2) 
" Ragged staffe " [Polit. Poems, II. p. 222) ; 

(3) " Ung baston noir '' [P. de Commynes, 
" Mem.,'' I. p. 253] ; (4) also the bear and 
ragged staff conjoined ; (5) a bulFs head 
argent, spotted sable and armed or. (This 
on a wreath argent and gules is to be found 

155 



Heraldic Badges 



also as a Nevill crest.) Liveries — 1458, 
"Rede jakettys with whyte raggyd staves 
upon them" [Fabian, "Chronicle," p. 633]. 

"The Ber is bound that was so wild, 
For he hath lost his Ragged staff." 

[Political Poem, 1449 — "Excerpta Historica."] 

Warwick, Earl of (John Dudley, d. 1554). 
Guidon — 1552, " A red damask, whyt lyon, 
crowned gold, powdered with ragged stayffes 
of silver " [H. Machyn, " Diary," p. 20]. 

Warwick, Earl of (Ambrose Dudley, d. 1590). 
Badge — ragged staff of silver [MS. Harl. 
1 156]. 

Welles, Lord (" Lyonel de Welles," d. 146 1). 
Badge — " Y® buckett hangyng w* a payre of 
cheanes *' [Wroxton MS.]. 

Welles, Viscount (John de Welles, d. 1499). 
Badge or Badges — " Buckit hanging by the 
chane & ij flower de luys " [Doyle]. 

Wentworth, Lord. Badge — a griffin [Wood- 
ward]. 

Wentworth, Sir Richard, of Netylslede, Suff. 
Colours — red. Badges — (i) a griffin statant 
argent, forelegs or, collared per pale or and 
argent ; (2) a covered cup with ribbons 
attached to the handles argent ; (3) an 

156 



A List of Badges 



annulet per pale or and argent. MoUo — 
Penses a bien [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

West. Fit^e De la Warn 

Wharton. Badge — a white bull's head [Wood- 
ward] ; erased [Cussans]. 

Williams (Sir John, Lord Williams of Thame). 
Colours — argent. Badges — (i) a greyhound 
courant gules collared sable ; (2) an eel- 
basket in fess proper ; (3) a dragon statant 
gules [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Willoughby. Badge — buckle [Woodward]. 

Willoughby. Badge — a mill-sail [Woodward] ; 
a mill-sail or wind-mill [Cussans]. 

Willoughby, Robert, Lord. Badge — a mill-sail. 

** Our myllesaylle will not abowte." 

[Political Poem, 1449 — " Excerpta Historica."] 

Willoughby, Lord. Colours — argent and gules. 
Badge — a Moor's head (without neck) full- 
faced, the tongue hanging out. Motto — 
Verite est sens pere [Standard — MS. L 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Willoughby, Sir Henry. Colours — azure. 
Badges — (i) a griffin passant argent; (2) a 
water-bouget argent. Motto — Sance chan- 
gere [Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

157 



Heraldic Badges 



Willoughby de Broke (" Willoughby Lord 
Broke"). Colours — azure and gules. 
Badges — (i) a man's head without the neck 
proper, ducally crowned and charged with 
a crescent for difference (? crest) ; (2) a 
ship's rudder gold [Standard — MS. 1. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Wiltshire, Earl of (John Stafford, d. 1473). 
Badge — the Stafford knot (formed of a strap 
with a buckle and ornament at the ends) 
or, lined argent [Doyle]. 

Wiltshire, Earl of (Henry, " Th' Erl of Wylte- 
shyre)." Colours — sable and gules. Badges 
— (i) a swan with wings elevated and ex- 
panded argent, beaked gules, membered 
sable, ducally collared and chained or, 
charged with a crescent for difference ; 
(2) a Stafford knot, charged with a crescent 
gules for difference. Motto — " Humble et 
loyal " [Standard— MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Winchester, Earl of (Louis de Bruges, d. 1492). 
Badge — a bombard, with flame and ball 
issuant proper [Doyle]. 

Winchester, Marquess of (William Paulet, 
d. 1572). Badge — "The facon of gold." 
Banner — " white with falcon of gold." Men- 
at'Arms — " broidered coats red & white " ; 

158 



A List of Badges 



1552, "cotes whyt & red" [Diary of 
H. Machyn, pp. 12, 19]. Compare Paulet 
crest. 

Windsor. Fide Wyndesore. 

Windsor, Lord. Badge — white boar [Wood- 
ward]. 

Windsor. Badge — unicorn argent [Cussans, 
Woodward]. 

Windsor Herald. Badge — the sun-burst. (In 
use.) 

Wingfield (" Mayster Anthony," of Leathering- 
ham, Suffolk). Colours — gules. Badge — a 
bull statant quarterly sable and or [Standard 
—MS. L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Wodehouse (Sir Thomas). Colours — azure. 
Badge — a club gold. Motto — Frappes fort 
[Standard — MS. L 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Worcester, Earl of. Badge — a camel [Cus- 
sans.] 

Worcester, Earl of (Thomas de Percy, d. 1403). 
Badge — a crescent argent [Doyle]. 

Worcester, Earl of (Charles Somerset, d. 1526). 
Colours — 1 5 13, '^blew, whyt & rede" 
[Doyle]. Vide Chamberlain, Lord. 

Worcester, Earl of (Henry Somerset, d. 1548). 

159 



Heraldic Badges 



Badge— '^thQ port cullyce " [MS. Harl. 
1156, f. 51]. 

Wyatt ("Mayster Whyat"). Colours — or and 
gules. Badge — a barnacle barry argent and 
or closed and banded azure. Motto — 
Oublier ne puis [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. 
Arms]. 

Wydeville. Vide Rivers. 

Wyndesore, Sir Andrew. Colours — red. Badges 
— (i) a unicorn statant argent ; (2) a stag's 
head couped argent [Standard — MS. I. 2, 
Coll. Arms]. 

Yarborough, Earl of. Vide Pelham. 

York, Duke of (Edmund of Langley, d. 1402). 
Badges — (i) an ostrich feather argent; 
(2) " The ifaulkon silver " [MS. Ashmole, 
1 1 1 2, f. 10 /^ ; (3) " The faucon argent and 
the feterloke or" [MS. Harl. 304, 12]; 
(4) (often termed supporters) a falcon hold- 
ing in its claw a long scroll, which extends 
backwards above his body, and is inscribed 
with the motto, "Bon espoir" [Seal, 139 1]. 

York, Duke of (Edward, d. 141 5). Badges — 
(i) an ostrich feather erect argent, the quill 
covered by a chain, with small transverse 
scroll inscribed "Ich dien" [Seal]; (2) a 

160 



S>MC <>C VOit 




Fig. 46. 

A design tioiu '-Prince Arthur's Book," showing the "white 
lion ot March" snpporting a banner of the livery colours, 
thereon the '• falcon and fetterlock." 



A List of Badges 



moon excrescent, in the centre of which a 
lion sejant [Leland]. 

York, Duke of (Richard Plantagenet, d. 1460). 
Badges — (i) a falcon argent ; (2) a fetter- 
lock or ; (3) a rose argent ; (4) a lion 
argent; (5) a dragon sable; (6) a black 
boUe, rough, his horns and his legs and his 
members of gold ; (7) an ostrich feather 
erect, having a chain, with a small rose-like 
ornament at the lower end, laid along the 
quill, which has a small scroll across it near 
the lower end. Livery — 1459, " Whyte 
and brewe . . . & i brawderyd above with 
fetyrlockys " [Gregory, " Chron.," p. 208]. 

" The Fawkon fleyth and hath no rest 
Tille he witte wher to bigge his nest." 

[Political Poem, 1449 — " Excerpta Historica."] 

York, Duke of (King Edward IV.). Livery — 
Blue and murrey. 

York and Norfolk, Duke of (Richard, s. of 
Edward IV.). Badge — a falcon volant 
argent, membered or, within a fetterlock, a 
little open gold [Grant, 23rd April, 1477]. 

Tork Herald, Badge — a white rose-en-soleil. 
(In use.) {Vide Fig. i6.) 

Zouche ("John Zowche, son & heyre of the 
Lord Zowche "). Colours — sable and 

161 L 



Heraldic Badges 



purpure. Badges — (i) on the branch of a 
tree or, sprouting vert, an eagle rising argent 
gorged with a label of three points ; (2) an 
ass's head erased argent, haltered or, charged 
with a label of three points. Motto — Virtute 
non vi [Standard — MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 

Zouche, John, of Codnor. Colours — Red and 
green. Badges — (i) on the stump of a tree 
or, branching vert, a falcon wings elevated 
argent charged on the breast with a crescent 
gules ; (2) an ass's head erased and haltered 
proper, charged with a crescent argent ; 
(3) a badger argent encircled by a cordon 
of which the ends are passed through a ducal 
coronet all gold. Vide Lord Grey of 
Codnor. Motto — " Grace serra le bien 
vienv" [Standard MS. I. 2, Coll. Arms]. 



THE END 



1 /-M^ "I Oi -1 A 



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