Skip to main content

Full text of "Heston's hand-book; being an account of the settlement of Eyre Haven, and a succinct history of Atlantic City and county during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries .."

See other formats

* ~>r-'- *- 









^ if 





m-1 ; % 


America'' s Most 
ar Resort. 


Open throughout the year. Hot and cold sea-water baths in rooms; every modern comfort 
and appointment. Capacity 450. Golf privileges. Illustrated Booklet mailed on request. 


D. S. WHITE, President. 

HOWARD WHITE, Jr., Manager. 

With all 



Hotel .^ __ 
Belmont, i 



Steam Heat. 

Elevator to Street Level. 

Sun Parlor. 


THE BEST. £! £1 

Suites of %poms k>ith Tribate 'Baths. 

For Illustrated Booklet, Address 

E. S. WATSON. Manager. 

iS! OPEN ^ 

& 163- ^ 

^ HOTEL j^ 

A Modern Hotel in every respect. 
Capacity 500. 

Tresh and Salt Water in all 'Bath Rooms. 


Ok>ner and Froprietor. 


On the Beach. jB See view opposite page 102. 



A merican 


ROOMS en Suite, with Sea and Fresh 
Water Baths. Elevator from Street 
Level and complete Electric Plant. 
Steam Heat. Sun Parlor. A Table 
d'Hote Luncheon and Dinner served in 
Cafe. Orchestra. 

Accommodations for 800 Quests. 

TERMS, $3.00 TO $5.00 PER DAY. 
Special rates for May, June and September. 

See view opposite page 




\ \ 


PHONE 22. 




For 300 Guests. 


Overlooking the Ocean. 
Enlarged and Refurnished 

Sun Gallery. Elevators. Hot and Cold Sea-Water 
Baths in the House. Enclosed Walk of glass from 
Hotel to Beach. Billiard room and all the appoint- 
ments of a first-class house. Ocean parlor on the 
beach, free to guests. Telegraph and Long Distance 
Telephone in the house. Tickets for Golf Links 
at office. 


See view opposite paj 

Coach Meets all Trains. 

HOTEL ^ ^ 


^ ^ NEAR THE BEACH. jSf ^ 


The newest and one of the 
finest appointed Hotels on 
the Coast. Capacity 300. 
Central to Piers, Casino, 
and Best Bathing Grounds. 
Electric Lights. Elevator, 
Steam Heat. Rooms Single 
or en Suite, with Private 

See view opposite page 


Owner and Proprietor. 


tlbc Xatest Conception a^ 
of a Seasbore ^ff 


Directly on the Ocean Front, at the foot of St. Cliarles Place, Two 
Hundred Feet from the Breakers. 



An ever-flowing artesian well on the premises, bringing the water, crystal 

pure, from a depth of 1000 feet. Ball and music room, 60x75 feet, 

large dining room, seating 500. Reception Halls, etc. 

See view opposite page 32. 

■Phone 279. JAMES B. REILLY. 


The Ocean Pier 

Nearly 3000 feet long. JOHN L. YOUNG, Owner and Proprietor. 

Foot of Tennessee Avenue. 

VAUDEvii/i/E :entertainments in the theatre. 

II A. M., 3 AND 8 P. M. 


11.30 a. m. and 4.30 p. m. All kinds of curious t'lsh are caught in the 
great sea net at the end of the pier. 

Good Fishing on the Outer Deck. 
Spacious Sun Parlors. Something going on all the time. 

New St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Church. 

%.^. Ethlyn Hotel, 

«,,.,s»^" HARRY H. GRAFF, 

p t F ^ T 

'I South Carolina Avenue and Beach. 

^VWni I ;_ --« Terms Moderate. 

4. ^ ^- 


First Brick Hotel on the Beach. FIREPROOF. 


St. Charles Place. Beach End. 

Remodeled and Newly Furnished throughout. 

Rooms single or en suite with bath, American plan. 

Cafe Attached. Steam Heat. Ele\ator from street level. 

HORACE B WIMLEY, proprietor. 

The Runnymede^ j^ 


Open all the Year. I. McILWAIN. 

THE RpRWirTC ^ Kentucky Avenue. 

^ — J-^J-iXV VV iV^X-k.^ jQQ y3j.^3 f^^^ Beach. 

Ser%ice unexcelled. Large, airy rooms. Table unsurpassed. 
Centre of all amusements. Hot and cold sea water baths. 
$1 50 to $2.50 per day; $9 to $15 weekly. A famil\- hotel. 
Home comforts. Satisfaction guaranteed. Capacity 250. 

Long Distance 'Phone No. 52. GEO. W SPROEHNLE, Proprietor. 

Cuisine Unexcelled. Excellent Accommodations. 

Steam Heat. Open all the Year. 

The Bartram, 

Beach End, 

Hotel Maiestic Virginia avenue, 


Directiv o\ erlookini; New Steel Pier. Sun parlor. Elexator. Healed by steam. 
Capacit\- 300. Illustrated booklet mailed on application. 




T T It t T T Opened in i8g6. Supplied with Artesian well-water. 

nOllanCl rlOUSe Ll-hted by Electricity 

-— — — — - — 7= Meals served at any hour A. la carte. Fish and 

SAFE SURF BATHING Game Dinners a Specialty. 

Take Steamer at the Inlet, electric cars to the door. C. L. WALTON, Manager. 

See Brigantine Transportation Company's Advertisement. 

The New Brunswick 

ST. JAMES PLACE, near beach. 
Fi)rmerl\- Pacitic A\enue and 

Open all >ear. Steam Heat. Large Rooms. Full Ocean View. All Modern Improvements. 


The Chester Inn new york ave., near the beach. 

Central Location. Steam Heat. Sun Parlor. Moderate Rates. 'Phone 42 


T^T-»^ "Rf^vf/^t-^ MICHIGAN AVENUE, near BEACH. 

L lie UlCALUll Open all the Year. 

Greatlv Impr(.i\ed. Steam Heat. Electric Elevator. Sun Parlor. 

Convenient to Hot and Cold Sea Baths. J. A. MYERS, 

Formerly of the Brexton in Baltimore and Cape Ma\'. 

The Brookehurst Virginia avenue and beach. 

Accommodation 2co. Cuisine First-class. Special Sprinjj Rates. 


T^U-, (^rir^^i^\A VIRGINIA avenue. NEAR THE BEACH. 

1 ne v^anneia ,p,^^„^ ^^, p ^ canfield. 


iJlCaJS. l ■i-'JUbC «jt^Oj^,t By^n." GEO. H. CORYELL. 

Strictlx- turopean. Modern. AhsoluteK- fire-proof. The Hotel " par excellence." Fort\' 
private batlis. Capacit\' 400. Luxuriouslv- appointed. Booklet mailed. 'Phonk 4S6. ' 


Open all the Year. 
Three Minutes to the Beach. M. B. 'WALKER. 


i ne Xjea-UmOnr capacity 200. Large exchange and porch. High 

ceilin;.^s, broad halls, new furnishings, steam heat 

throughout. Excellent cuisine. Special spring rates. Open all \ear. Write fnr booklet. 


Between New York and Tennessee Avenues. 
Location and Service Unsurpassed. Capacity 200. Open all the Year. Steam Heat. 
Elt'valor to street le\el. Private Baths L p BL'RCH. 

Park Cottage 

The Glendale 

The Speedway Firstdas 


iss Cafe and Bar Attached. 
Open all the Year. EDWARD S. JOHNSON. 

Speidel^s Hotel 


Opposite Reading Depot. 
Open all the Year. 'Phone 227. CHAS. M. SPEIDEL. 


Hotel Atglen, 




TT-"^' ' r-'^"«'-^«. --- STEAM HEAT, 

' " « ' w L iPr^'^ OPEN ALL THE YEAR. 

-~T"T\ 11 'pi' " '' f|f " "^TffpTp "" Strictly first-class Family 

1 1 « " '' f ^ ^f ^n*T > , 5^ I House. All modern improve- 


ments. Special rates to fami- 
lies. $8. CO to .$10.00 a week, 

ML 3^^ " y i' M I S ' .! 

^'^:;~^_3 __ t^ "'I", I ''»"! r -1.50 to .$2.00 per day. 

'^"^^ — ^^'^ilLjpl "i- " , JjlL^ Phone 3^8. J. E. REED. 

The Lehman-Craig Hall h.uITu 


from Boardwalk 
Send for Illustrated Booklet and with view of Ocean. 

" EsL-nfs of a Da\- at Atlantic Citv." 



OllVerSICle open an the year. 

Steam Heat- Thorough in Appointments, Service and Table. 
Rates, $8 to $,2 per week. A. H. HURFF. 

Berkshire Inn Virginia avenue and beach. 

Modern in every detail. Cuisine a special feature. 



IVXCllVJoC X ICtil Near the Beach and Steel Pier. 

Large Airy Rooms. Home Comforts. Cuisine Unsurpassed. Telephone. 
MISS TAYLOR. Special Rates for Spring and Fall. MISS ANABLE. 

Hotel Chetwoode ^^^^i^siJ^T^ 

Open all ^■ear. Steam Heat. Sun Parlor. One minute from Beach. 

MRS. P. A. DEMPSEY, Owner and Prop. 


Steam Heat. 

First Cottage from Beach, opp. St. Charles Hotel. 
Cuisine excellent. Personal attention given to the preparation of special diets. 


Hotel Sothern e,.„„. ,„ ...TST *^'^"' '"° "'*"" 

^ A first-class Hotel at Modern Rates. Open all the Year. Steam Heat. 
Special Spring Rates, .$12 to .?i8. N. R. BOTHWELL. 

LJ^f^l P^t-,t-» OCEAN AVE., NEAR THE beach. 

1 lULCi 1 Cilii Convenient to Penn. R. R. Station. 

Special Rates, $10 to $15 per week. Hot and Cold Baths. 


160 St. Charles Place 

The Revere 



Facing Cit\' Park. Steam Heat. Heated Sun Parlor and Smoking Room. 
Open all the Year. 

The "V^iltshire Virginia avenue and beach. 

S. S. PHOEBUS. Proprietor. 

The Eastbourne open all the year 

Unobstructed Ocean View. Appointments Complete. 

Mrs. R. P. BOGLE, Successor to KATHARINE McG°ATH. 

V ictOria SOUTH CAROLINA AVENUE, Near The Beach. 

Good Ocean View. Hot-Water Heat. Open all the Year. 
The Finest Sea-Water Baths in the City. M. WILLIAMS. 

Hotel Aldine ^^^^'^^'^ avenue, between Michigan and Ohio. 

New Management. Capacity 200. Excellent Table. Careful Service 
Write for Booklet and Rates. L. TURNBULL. 


M. MALATESTA, Proprietor. 

J. K. CARMACK, Manager. 
Open all the Year Formerly Girard House, Philadelphia. 


1 ne IVlannattan Near Beach and Railroad Station. 

Open all the Year. P. O. Box 257 


Opp. West Jersey & Seashore R. R Depot. 

LOUIS KUEHNLE, Proprietor. 
Open all the Year. 'PHONE 400. 

Hotel Malatesta 

Kuehnle^s Hotel 

New Holland Hotel ^ 


M. J. LEE. 

Large Veranda. Pleasant Air\- Rooms. First Class Appointments. Service Une.xcelled. 
E.xcellent Cuisine. Send for Booklet and Special Weekh- Rates. 

?o.^\^I''^^^''^' FLORAL HALL. 

107 South Carolina Avenue, 

Beautiful Foliage and Bedding Plants Fresh Cut Flowers of the finest quality received 
daily from our own Nurseries at Bridgeton, N. J. Jardinieres, Floral Deco- 
rations for weddings, parties, funerals, etc. Open all the year. 

BACHARACH & SONS, ^J^^f^^^^3 

Kentucky and Atlantic Aves., 
Phone 428. AND Atlantic and Pennsylvania Aves^ 


13 17 and J 9 Memorial Avenue. 

Thorndale Certified and Pasteurized Milk for Infants and In\alids. Milk and Cream. 
for family suppK'. Ro\'al Pasteurized Butter. 

M. WALTON, Manager. 


], Rosenbaum^ 

HINKLE & McDEVITT, "'''"---s.,,hs 
^SiIh?^':'' plumbing, 


^??aTwork Steam and Hot Water Heating, 

817 ATLANTIC AVENUE. Thone 130. 




Oealer in Mar<dv\/are, M o ui sef lj rn ish i ng Goods, 




"TIINI, slate: aimd slag ROOFING, 


Plumbing^, Steam and Hot Water Healing, 

Hardware and Kitchen Furnishings. JS) 1218 ATLANTIC AVENUE. 

"The" Auctioneer for Atlantic City and County. 

P. O. Box 274. 

M.AMMOTH New Storage House, Office and Salesroom, 
Maryland Avenue below Atlantic. 

Furniture and Household Goods Rented by the season. The only Storage House in 
Atlantic Cit\'. A dvances made on Storages. 


Stoves, Heaters, Ranges and Housefurnishing Goods. 


L. E. FREEMAN, 1022 Atlanti c Avenue. 

Practical Plumber, Steam and Qas Fitter. 

Sanitary Plumbing and Drainage a Specialty. Constantly on hand a full line of 
TELEPHONE 192. Gas Fi.xtures and Globes. 


House and Sign Painter. Paper Hanging and Decorating. 

Paints, Oils and Window Glass. 

'iT^k^l.l':^: RiSLEY & BONIFACE, T^^^^^:;^'- 

Electrical Contractors. 

Interior Telephones for Hotels and Apartment Houses. Motors, Dynamos, Incandescent 

Wiring and Electrical Signs. Electrical Repairing a Specialty. 

E. M. KARRER. j^^j.j.gj. ^ Dauthaday's, "- ^- d-^-^-- 

IVIaohine and Iron NA/orPcs. 

Machinery, Engines and Boilers Repaired and Furnished. Iron Railings, Awnings, 
Fire Escapes, Etc. 

Estimates Given. A. C. 'Phone 1142. 

JESSE vJ. L_ E V E R , 

Compressed Air Carpet Cleaning and General Upholstering. 

Orders promptly attended to. Moths Removed. All Work Guaranteed. 
124 and iz6 North Texas Avenue. 




Rdoms 1, 2 and :;. 

Carlton Gouf^re> 




Rooms 13 and t5 Real Estate and Law Building. 



Rooms 1 and 2 Ciirrie Building, Soiith Carolina and Atlantic Avenues. 


Telephone 527. ARCHITECT, 

Galbrath Apartments. New York and Pacific Avenues. 


'Phone 178. Rooms 45 and 47 Law Building. 

Good Fishing on the Outer Deck of Young's Pier. 

Maryland Ave. and Boardwalk. 

20 per cent. OFF on all 


FREE use of Dark Room to all Amateurs. 

Developing and Printing in One Day. 

We Keep Open All the Year. 



D. & A. 'Phone 

Souvenirs of Atlantic Cit\'. 


Atlantic and Virginia Avenues. 

Silversmiths. Watclimal<ers, Jewelers. 

Special Attention given to Repairing 


Graduate of the U. S. College of Embalming 

22 Delaware Ave., North. 

Telephone No. 222. 

L. W. BETTS, T'^^Eye 

Successor to H.N.BOLTH, Specialist, 

Practical Optician, Watchmaker 

and Jeweler. 

Diamonds, Watches. Jewelr\' and Novelties. 
Repairing and Eye-titting Specialties. 


All kinds of Bread. 

RYE BREAD a Specialty. 

No. 127 North Indiana Ave. 



12 South Tennessee Ave. 

Hardwood Finishing a Specialty. Buildings 
Superintended. Plans and Estimates Fur- 
nished. Jobbing Attended to. 'Phone 4?i. 



Fruits, Nuts and Confectionery, 

I2I2 Atlantic Avenue. 

Phone 7?. 


Wholesale and retail dealers in Fish, Oysters, and 
Clams, Lobsters, Terrapin, Snappers, Soft Crabs and 
Crab Meat. Hotels, cottages and boarding-houses sup- 
plied at lowest rates. Telephone 233 Open eveninijs. 
905 Atlantic Avenue, below Maryland. 


Sold at all 
Book Stores and News Stands, 

Price, 25 cents. 


Clothier and Gents' Furnisher. 

A Full Line of Ladies' and Gent's Shoes. 

1603-05 Atlantic Avenue. 



Repairing a Specialty. 


Ship Chandlery, Fishing Tackle and 
Sporting Goods. 

Hardware. House-Furnishing Goods. 

Tools and Cutlery 



Architectural Modelers and Carvers. 

l-.Miiii.itc-, i-.ivcu. (irnaniental Piaster Work. 

IiLsi^iii I iiriii,-lit.'il. Wood Carving a Specialty. 

Works— No. 3 N. Congress Ave. 

■Pli-nr i.i,., I,. iP,et. I'nnn. and Mass .A.ves.i 

OPTICIAN, Jeweler, 


Watches. Diamonds, Jewelry, 
Fine Watch and Clock Repairing:. 

Long distance 'Phone 747-F. 


Leading Hair Dressing and Shaving 

. . . Parlor . . . 


Cor. Atlantic and Maryland Avenues. 


Paints, Oils, Varnishes and Glass. 

Manufacturer of Colorado White Lead. 
Guaranteed to be the best wearing; 
Lead in the world. 





J8I9 Atlantic Avenue. 

Charles Evans, Joseph H. Borton. Francis P. Quigley, 

President. Vice-President. Casliier. 


Atlantic City, N. J. 
CAPITAL, $50,000, SURPLUS, $200,000. UNDIVIDED PROFITS, $50,000, 
1881. igo2. 

Charles Evans, Joseph H. Borton, Dr. Thomas K. Reed, John B. Champion. 
Samuel D. Hoffman, Geo. W. Crosby, M. D., David Fitzsimons, Elisha Roberts, 
J.' Haines Lippincott. 



North Carolina and Atlantic Aves. 
This Company conducts a General Banking Business. Receives deposits subject to 
check at sight. Pays three per cent, interest on Saving Fund and time deposits. 
Executes trust of every description, and becomes surety on contractors' bonds. Acts 
as executor, administrator and trustee. Rents safe deposit boxes at $5 and upwards. 
Wills safely kept by this Company without charge. 
OFFICERS— Carlton Godfrey, President. Charles H. Jeffries, Treasurer. 

Louis Kuehnle, Vice-President. A, H. Phillips, Trust Officer. 

DIRECTORS-John J. Gardner, Carlton Godfrey, Louis Kuehnle, A. H. Phillips, Wm. 
A. Faunce, Clifton C. Shinn, O. J. Hammell, Hubert Somers, Wm. F. Wahl, Heulings 
LippincotI, Dr. Nelson Ingram, M. S. McCullough, Dr. Wm. M. Pollard, S. R. Morse, 
George P. Eldredge, Henry W. Leeds, W. E. Edge, James B Reillv, L. G. Salmon, 
James Parker, Charles R. Myers. C. J. Adams. 

htterest allo-tced on Special and Thiw Di-posits. 'Phone 453. 

Allen B. Endicott, Smith Conover, James M. Aikman, 

President. Vice-President Cashier. 




Allen B, Endicott, James Flaherty, Michael A. Devine. Lucien B. Corson, 

Smith Conover, Thompson Irvin. G. Jason Waters, Clarence M. Busch, 

Dr. A. D. Cuskaden, Thomas J. Dickerson, Lewis P. Scott, Geo. W. Jackson. 

George F. Currie, Levi C. Albertson, Robert B MacMullin. 

President. Vice-President. Cashier. 


CAPITAL, $100,000. SURPLUS and NET PROFITS, $135,000. 


George F. Currie, Louis Kuehnle, James H. Mason, E. V. Corson, 

Levi C. Albertson, Enoch B Scull, Joseph Scull, Lewis Evans, 

Joseph Thomps in, Israel G. Adams, Absalom Cordery, Warren Somers. 

Samuel K. Marshall. 


CAPITAL and PROFITS, $200,000. SURPLUS and NET PROFITS, $50,000. 

Pays three per cent, interest on deposits. Transacts a General Banking Business. Safe 
Deposit Boxes for rent in burglar-proof vaults, $5 per annum and upwards. Becomes 
Surety. Acts as executor, administrator, trustee, guardian, trustee for corporation 
mortgages, and executes trusts of every description. Private rooms for convenience 
of customers. Invites accounts. Wills drawn, receipted for and kept without charge. 

Directors— Geo. F. Currie, Jno. C Fifield, M. D. Youngman, Enoch B. Scull, Jas. T. Bew, 
Sam. K. Marshall, Levi C. Albertson, A. C. McClellan, Warren Somers, Wm. B. 
Loudenslager, Jos. Thompson, I. G. Adams, C. L. Cole, Jas. H. Mason, E. V. Corson, 
Lewis Evans, Brinckle Gummey, Wm. A Bell, J. L. Baier, Jr., Warren M. Cale, 
Harry Wootlon, Isaac Bacharach, Daniel W. Mvers. 

Officers— George F. Currie. President. ' Thompson & Cole, Solicitors. 

Jos. Thompson, / 'ice-Pres. and Trust Officer. R. B MacMullin. .Sec. and Treas. 

Buy your Stationery at 

s H R e: V E ' S . 

3e ISJevA/ VorPc Avenue, SovjtH. 

Have your Printing done there, too. 


BELL- ^ 

DICKERSON ""''str' 

Furniture, Carpets, Shoes, Hats, Men's 
Furnishings, Millinery, Women's and 
Children's Suits and Dresses. A large 
and well selected stock of goods in 
every variety, j^ ^ j& ^ j& j& 

Atlantic and Boardwalk and 

Tennessee Aves. North Carolina Ave. 


mianlic n ^^" worin. 



nROM Broad Street Station, Philadelphia, fast express trains run to Atlantic City, 
connecting with all the through trains of the Pennsylvania Railroad's vast system 
coming into Philadelphia, from the South, Southwest, West and Northwest. 
Under the comprehensive arrangement of through cars used by the Penns\ivania 
Railroad, it is possible for a visitor destined to Atlantic City to travel from any 
of the large cities included in the territory above mentioned with only one change of cars, 
and without transfer through Philadelphia. 

From New England and the North but one change is necessary. 

AND THE NEW TWENTY-THIRD STREET FERRY establish a direct connection 
between the great hotels of New York and those of Atlantic City. These trains leave 
New York at convenient hours in the morning and early afternoon every week-day during 
the year, and on Sundays durirg the Spring and Summer, and run through to Atlantic City 
without change. 

Ample Cab Service at West 23d Street Station, New York. 

The local service of fast express trains between Market Street Wharf, Philadelphia, 
and Atlantic Citv is unparalleled elsewhere in the World. 

The Penns>lvania Railroad has been closely identified with the material development 
of this great seaside resort, to which end nothing has contributed more than the matchless 
railroad facilities always provided by this company. 

Anv ticket agent of the Pennsylvania Railroad or its connections can give information 
as to routes and rates, or, should more detailed knowledge be desired, address 

. Geii'l .yfanagn . Gen'l Pass. Agl. Asst. (irii' I Pass. AkI. 


E. W. HUNT, SON & CO., Oea.ers in ^^° ':;„%^^^^ . 

Office: No. 8 N. INDIANA AVENUE. 

A. C. 'Phone No. 944. 

Practical Blacksmithing and Horse Shoeing, 

Horse Shoeing a Specialty. 109 N. Arkansas Avenue. 

Liberty Carriage and Wagon Works. 


/A. L. IKWIl-N. '^'<ACIICAL gj^QgjI^Q Repairing Neatly Done. 

Paintint; and Trimming in all its branches. Machine Forging Ship Smithing;. 

Haddon Ave., opp. Penna. Depot. 

B. FRANK HARRIS, horse shoeing 

xj. 1 xvfT.x>iiv iir^ivLv i^, ^ AND JOBBING. 


Fine Horse Shoeing a Specialty. No hot Fitting. Rubber Pads used for horses feet. 
See sign of Horse Shoe. New Jersey Ave. above Atlantic. 


INDIANA AND ^^ . , , \YTr>^r^T\ 


KENTUCKY AVES. Telephone No. 31. 

H. F, SOWERS, Manager of P°fces\L^llllst. 


Both 'Phones. Cor. Vermont and Mediterranean Aves. 

Pleasure Trips 

. . . BY . . . 





West Jersey & Seashore 

Delightful Excursions Along the Coast and Across 
Great Egg Harbor Bay. 

Time Tables may be procured at all ticket offices. 


PRESS ( Vitsolicited } . 

" Much valuable information is given by Mr. Heston in 
this little volume/' — Public Ledger, Philadelphia. 

"An excellent account of Atlantic City's many 
attractions. ' " — Pittsburgh Chronicle- Telegrapli. 

"A complete description of the famous watering 
])lace." — Washington Star. 

PHYSICIANS i Unsolicited). 

1404 Olive Street, 

,, A R,r TT St. Louis, Mo., Mav 7, IQOO. 

Mr. a. M. Heston. ' ' ■ • ■> y 

Dear Sir : Please accept my thanks for the Hand- 
of my Augusts in Atlantic City in the future, as I am about 
I believe the book has already determined two ot mv patients 
to go to Atlantic City instead of to Wisconsin resorts. 

Sincerely yours, C. A. WARE. 

Book. I will spend a 
retiring from practice. 

Mr. a. M. Heston. Atl.antic City, May 12, 1900. 

Dear Sir : I have always had a lively interest in your Hand-Book, have re- 
commended it to a great many people, and look upon it as the most valuable publication 
on Atlantic City. I have seen similar works in other cities, but consider your work the 
best and most perfect exponent of any city in the country. 

Sincerely yours, M. D. YOUNGMAN. 

OFFICIALS {Unsolicited). 

From Hon. Foster M. \'oorhees, Ex-Governor of New Jersey. 

Atlantic City is fortunate in having such a publication ; fortunate, also, in haying 
one who so well tells of the beauties, and so skillfully proclaims the merits of the resort. 
The reader of your story, longing for rest, is led to believe that here, beside the loud 
sounding sea, he may enjoy heaven on earthly ground. 

You have succeeded admirably in proclaiming, in an alluring way, the attractive 
features of the wonderful City by the Sea. The literary character of the book conceals 
the purpose of the writer, and in spite of his determination to " have none of it," the 
reader finds himself turning its pages with eager interest and longing for the scenes you 
have so invitingly portrayed. 

" Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore," you have pondered, 
investing the growth and life of the city with an historic interest that is as rare in works of 
this character as it is charming. The work is one of which you may well feel proud. 

Sincerely yours, FOSTER M. VOORHEES. 


Publisher, ATLANTIC CITY. 

Atlantic City Officials. 

Mayor. — Franklin P. Sto}-.* 

Recorder.— Cha.r\es C. Babcock.* 

A!derman.~llevm&n G. Mulock.* 

City Comptroller.— KUvftA M. Hestou.f 

City Treasurer. — John A. Jeffries.* 

City Solid tor. —Harry Wootton.f 

City Clerk. — Uracry D. Ii-elau.f 

District Com t Jit d^e.— Robert H. Ingersoll. Appointed by Governor. 

City Surveyor.— John W. Hackney. t 

Tajf Collector. — William Lowry, Jr.* 

Mercantile Appraise/ .-John W. Parsons. t 

Supervisor of Highways.— 'Ber\a.\\ Mathis.f 

Building Inspector. Simon Iv. Wescoat.f 

Overseer of /'oor.— Smith Collins.* 

City Electrician. -A.. C. Farrand.f 

Chief of Police.— Harry C. Kldridge.t 

Captain of Police.— Q. W. Ma-xwelLJ 

Connnissioner of Sinking Fund.— A^{heA M. Heston. Appointed by Supreme Court 
of New Jersey. 

City Assessors.— Stewart H. Shinn, Seraph Lillig and A. J. Withrow. Appointed 
by Mayor. 

Chief Engineer of Eire Depart men I .—Isaac Wiesenthal. Elected by City Council. 

Assistant Chiefs of Eiir Depa i /n/ en /.—Charles M. Speidel and Henry Williams. 
Elected l)y City Council. 

07,v t>///;/t-/7.— Alderman, Herman C Mulock. First Ward: David R. Barrett, 
Albert Beyer, James B. Reilly, Edwin A. Parker. .Second Ward: Euos F. Hann, Edward 
S. I<ee, Joseph E. Lingerman, John Donnelly. Third Ward : Charles W. Mathis, John 
R. Fleming, Willis PI. Vauaman, George H. I<ong. Fourth Ward : Thomas H. 
Thompson, William Riddle, William A. Ireland, William W. Bowker. Sergeant-at- 
Arras, Cornelius S. F'ort.f 

IVater Commissioners. — Louis Kuehnle, Dr. E. A. Reiley, Rufus Booye. Appointed 
by Mayor. 

Superintendent of Water Depa 1 1 men t.— Kenneth Allen. Appointed by Com- 

Cashier of li'ater Depot tme>it.—\V\\\\am H. Randolph. 

Chief Clerk of IVater Department.— Henry R. Albertson. 

Inspector of IVater Department. — B. Prank Souder. 

City Hall Commissioners. — Frederick Hemsley, Charles Evans, John B. Champion. 
Appointed by Mayor. 

Board of Health.— V>r. A. W. Baily, Walter McDevitt, Joseph p;. Lingerman, Dr. 
M. L. Somers, Thomas McDevitt, p;Uvood S. Jolinson, William Clark. P'.lected by 
City Council. 

Plumbing Inspector. — Curtis Frambes.j; 

Health Inspector. — Thomas C. Clement. § 

Register of Vital Statistics.— Wired T. Glena-g 

.«oa7-rfo/Arf«<-a('/o«.— C.J. Adams, S.R.Morse, Wm. A. Bell,. A.aronH inkle, Carlton 
Godfrey, Paul Wooten, Samuel H. Kelley. Elected by City Council. 

Superintendent of Schools.— T>r. W. M. Pollard. || 

Supervising Principal.— Charles B. Boj'er.jl 

Principal of High School.— Henry P. Miller. || 

Superintendent of Manual Training. — Helen D. Meeker. 

Superintendent of Drazving. — Wilhelmine Ochs.|| 

Superintendent of Business Course — F. J. Klock.H 

* Elected by voters, t Elected by City Council. | Life tenure. 3 Appointed by 
Board of Health. j| Appointed by Board of Education. 


Al-l.EN B. EndicoTT, County Judge. r. LEWIS P. ScOTT, County Clerk. 

3 Lewis Evans, State Senator. 
Fl^ANKl.lN P. Stov, Mayor. 5. Alfred M. Heston, Comptroller. 

Oueen ot the Coast 



Being an account of the settlement of Evre Haven, 
and a succinct history of Atlantic City and County 
during the 17th, i8th and 19th centuries; also 

Indian Traditions and Sketches 

of the region between Absegami and Chico- 
hacki, in the countr\' called Sche\ichbi. 


ALFRED M . H E S T () N 


Nineteen HuNnREO and Two. ir)TH Year of Pubi ication 

Good-bye to pain and care ! I take 

Mine ease to-dav ; 
Here, where the sunny waters break 
And ripples this keen breeze, I shake 
All burdens from the heart, all weary thoughts away. 

Ha ! like a kind hand on my brow 

Comes this fond breeze. 
Cooling its dull and feverish glow ; 
While through my being seems to ^ow 
The breath of a new life — the healing of the seas. 



Two CootK RLCt-M'F?. 

AUG. 6 190? 


CLASS ^ XXc. No. 

Copyrighted, iqo2, hy A. M. HESTON. 

All persons are cautioned not to use any part of this work in other compilations or 
publications without proper credit. 




Atlantic City Sketches — Winter and Summer 


N the olden times, 'tis said, every feudal baron welcomed the 
stranger to his castle and the pilgiim to his fireside ; he 
istened with delight to the tale of the traveler and the song 
the troubadour. The barons and bards, pilgrims and 
poets, made their entrance and their exit a thousand years 
ago, and since their day the centuries have wrought many changes. 
The world is not what it was, but though the times have changed, 
mankind has not changed his nature. He still has the same desire for 
novelty, the same love of story, the same fondness for pleasure. 

Attend then, worthy friends, if you will, while 1, a stranger and 
traveler, tell of a delightful place whereunto 1 have been, and show unto 
vou some pictures of the greatest and fairest of the world's watering places. 

Sir Oracle, another pilgrim who preceded me to this place of pleasure, 
homeward bound, was benighted, and craved a shelter at my hands, 
promising that this courtesy he would repay with some story of the 
wonderful city which he had visited, in my veins there flows no blood of 
barons; howbeit, in imitation of the cavaliers of old, 1 feasted Sir Oracle 
at my humble board and seated him at my fireside. Then remembering 
his promise, and mindful of my hospitality, out of the fullness of his 
heart he thus spake: "Atlantic City! Place of Pleasure! Haven of 
Rest ! Mecca of the Tourist ! Delight of the Pilgrim ! Abode of 
Fashion ! Paradise of the Summer Girl ! Home of the Neglige Shirt ! 
Age can not wither nor custom stale thine infinite variety! Pieans of 
praise can add naught to the glory that surrounds thee, thou Queen of the 
Coast." Again he was silent, and though I waited long, 'twas all he said. 

Since then 1 have been to Atlantic City, and for thee, worthy listener, 
who, perchance, hath never been there, this panorama of pen pictures and 
camera sketches hath been prepared, with the confident expectation that 
the succeeding season of outing will find thee there among the thousands, 
enjoying to the full the beauties and the pleasures of that unique resort. 
Though as yet a stranger to the place, thou mayst profit by my story, 
and, the while believing, may say to thy friend, in the language of Scot- 
land's bard, " I cannot say how the truth may be ; 1 tell the tale as 'twas 
told to me." 

Be assured, 1 would not forestall thy good opinion of Atlantic City 
by offering thee pictures and sketches that are too highly colored. Briefly 
and frankly, my only hope is that, having heard my story and seen my 
play, thou mayst say, as Nick Bottom, the weaver, said to good master 
Cobweb, the fairy, "I shall desire more acquaintance of thee" — thou 
Jersey island fair, with the wine of life in thy pleasant air. 

A. M. H. 
JULY I, 1902. 


' Shall I not take mine ease in mine inn r'—Si> John Falstaff. (Shakspeare.) 

Sir Oracle.— What sayest thou, spirit of the departed Falstaff? 
Dost thou desire ease in thine inn ? Then seest thou that the inn be chosen 
with care, that thy host be one worthy of thy company, and above all that 
the inn be situate in Atlantic City. 

Falstaff.— But how can 1 know the whereabout of this place thou 
callest Atlantic City, the direction thereto, the number of inns therein, and 
which be goodly taverns that rob me not of mine exchequer? 

Sir Oracle. — All this and much more store of information is vouch- 
safed unto thee, my lord. 

Falstaff.— But suppose that l too be a belated traveler, who spurs 
apace to gain the timely inn — how shall 1 find my place of abode, seeing 
that the west doth not yet glimmer with some streaks of day and 1 be a 
stranger in a strange land? 

Sir Oracle.— List ! Let my worthy and adipose knight send for 
that book yclept Heston's Hand-Book of Atlantic City, whereof there 
be many thousands print, and see therein many fair pictures and much 
story about the town ; and a catalogue of all the inns and boarding places, 
likewise some pictures of the taverns wherein thou wilt find thy warmest 

Falstaff.— Wherefore shall 1 know. Sir Oracle, if 1 go thence, how 
many pieces of gold to place in mine pouch, that I may have the where- 
withal to pay the inn-keeper? 

Sir Oracle.— Be not uneasy about that. Your jocund highness 
will find in the Hand-Book a catalogue of all the inns, the dole which each 
host doth demand of the pilgrim and the number of lodgings at his dis- 
posal. And thou shalt read in this book of elevators, electroliers, tele- 
phones, electric lights, electric cars, locomotives, railroads, steamboats, 
automobiles, biographs, phonographs, merry-go-rounds, roundabouts, to- 
boggans, switchbacks, kinetoscopes, and divers other strange devices, of 
which thou hast never before heard. 

Falstaff.— Avaunt there, wizard, with thy telephones and auto- 
mobiles, thy elevators, railroads, biographs and phonographs ! Thou 
speakest in an unknown tongue. Yet will 1 send for this book on the 
many taverns in thy town of Atlantic City ; howbeit, this be a place 
whereof 1 never before heard. Verilv, I must view the manners of this 
strange town, peruse its traders, gaze upon its buildings and take mine 
ease in mine inn. Knowest thou the cost of the book of which thou 
speakest so highly ? 

SIR Oracle.— Yes, my dear Falstaff. Send a bag of forty and eight 
farthings to the publisher, of to any bookseller in the provinces of America ; 
so shalt thou receive it by the earliest post. Verily, in this book there be 
much story about the town and pictures waiting of the best of the inns 
therein, where thy stomach is most carefully honored and thy couch like 
unto a bed of roses. 

0iieen of t^e Coast. 

HE island whereon Atlantic City is built is situated 
between Absecon and Great Egg Harbor inlets, 
I within sixty miles of Philadelphia and one hundred 
J and fifty miles of New York, by railroad. It is 
distant five miles from the mainland, the intervening space 
being an expanse of bays, sounds and salt marshes. The 
island in its chrysalis condition, before it felt the electric touch 
of a railroad, was known as Absecon Beach, which name still 
exists in the adjoining village of Absecon, on the mainland, 
now put completely in the shade by its more successful 

Many of the more recent patrons of Atlantic City do not 
know that, although the history of the place as a pleasure 
resort dates from the time of its founding, in 1854, it was not 
until more than twenty years later that it became widely 
known as a winter health resort and sanitarium. To-day 
there is no northern winter resort so popular, none so largely 
patronized and none so urgently recommended by physicians 
generally as Atlantic City. The physicians of Philadelphia 
were the first to discover the wonderful curative effects of the 
saline air of Atlantic City, and to them, more than to any 
other class of men, is due the credit of making the city what 
it is to-day, a famous sanitarium. 

in the olden times the seashore was considered a desolate 
place in winter. Such a bleak idea as to be there in January 
would have chilled the marrow of an invalid. And yet we 
find that many of the wealthy, who otherwise would go to 
Europe, now spare themselves the annoyance of ocean travel 
by going to Atlantic City. Others, who formerly sought 
health and relaxation in the more distant Southern resorts, 
now make this their winter abiding place. 


IpOling i!l9cn anD iipatDrns, Tlie founders of Atlantic City 
15acl)flor0 anD #ltl tl9aiD0. prophesied that it would stand 
pre-eminent as a resort. Doubt- 
less it is to-day the queen of American watering places and 
health resorts. There is a sort of freedom about the place 
that pleases all who come here, it is no uncommon sight, 
even in winter, to see men eminent in their callings busily 
engaged in scooping up bucketfuls of sand for children whom 
•they chance to meet on the beach, or aiding them in their 
search for shells after a receding tide. Young men and maid- 
ens, sedate bachelors and prudish old maids not infrequently 
rake part in such diversions, and one can not help thinking 
that the intellects and the characters thus unbent appear to 
greater advantage by the relaxation. 


Yachting Scene at the inlet. 

€)5onc off tl)c €)ccatt. 

EVERAL elements combine to produce the tonic and 
resting effects of the Atlantic City air, the first of 
which is the presence of a large amount of ozone — 
the stimulating, vitalizing principle of the atmos- 
phere. Ozone has a tonic, healing and purifying power, that 
increases as the air is taken into the lungs. It strengthens 
the respiratory organs, and in stimulating them helps the whole 
system, it follows naturally that the blood is cleansed and 
revivified, tone is given to the stomach, the liver is excited 
into healthful action, and the whole body feels the benefit. 

For some persons the air alone is sufficient, while others 
get along famously with the air and the aid of judicious bath- 
ing. Of course, during the cooler months of the year the bath 
must be elsewhere than in the surf. For all seasons of the 
year there are the hot sea-water baths and the natato- 
riums, with large pools of tepid sea-water. For some only 
the briefest dip in the ocean is all that is necessary or safe; 
others should refrain altogether from ocean bathing, and con- 
fine their ablutions to the hot baths ; exercising in these, how- 
ever, proper care as to time and temperature of the water. 
Delicate persons can not safely bear a prolonged soak in hot 
water, whether salt or fresh. 

As to diseases of the respiratory organs, a physician says : 
"I have had personal knowledge of many patients suffering 
from various forms of such affections who have made trials of 
the climate of Atlantic City in winter. The cases have, as a 
rule, improved, some of them very decidedly, though there 
have been exceptions. Consumptives in the incipient stage, 
and even those in the advanced stages of the disease, where 
the destructive process has advanced slowly, have often ex- 
perienced marked improvement and, in some cases, have been 

3U ^f Wt^VV anU Sufferers from autumnal catarrh, which 
$>Cat3V ilaUfn. '^ essentially a form of hay fever, enjoy 

great relief by coming to Atlantic City. 
The late Rev. Henry Ward Beecher and the late Dr. Oliver 
Wendell Holmes had a witty correspondence on the subject of 
hay fever some years ago, in which the latter declared that 
there was no cure for the disease "but six feet of gravel." 
Atlantic City, however, has answered back that if it can not 
be cured, it can at least be alleviated. 

Come then, ye disconsolate consumptive ; come, thou 
wheezing, sneezing victim of hay fever ; come, all ye weary 
and heavy laden, ye who seek health, rest or pleasure ; come 
and fill your lungs with ozone ; come and promenade on the 
broad Boardwalk, planted within reach of the sea ; come and 
take a mid-winter sun-bask; come while ye may; come ?io7i'. 
Take no heed of the chronic fault-finder who may be here, 
enjoying to the full all the benefits and advantages of Atlantic 
City, and who still carps and grumbles because the town, 
perhaps, lacks a few pretty curves and graces. 

A Morning Promenade in Mid-Winter. 


Pacific Avenue Eastward from States Avenue— Yachtmen's Pier and Pavilion. 

Rummer iy^catl)rv 'ncatl) l^intcr SfetciS* 

HE fame of Atlantic City is grounded not alone upon 
those qualities which give it prominence as a sum- 
mer resort. It is a great seasiae city, where, 
throughout the year, people from every State crowd 
Us hotels and lounge on its famous beach. In summer time 
the visiting population exceeds one hundred thousand. It is a 
great democratic crowd, good-natured, rollicking and happy, 
bent on the pursuit of amusement and enjoying the quest with 
unalloyed pleasure. The witching charms of autumn sea and 
sky hold many a summer visitor, even until the ides of Novem- 
ber. Indeed, not a few linger until December, ana ere the 
holiday festivities are fairly over at home, the first company of 
winter visitors has arrived, harbingers of that larger company 
whose appearance marks the advent of February. Excepting 
an occasional " nor'easter," which is a treat in itself, by way 
of contrast, the weather at this season is usually all that one 
could desire. The winter and spring or Lenten season is the 
swellest of the year. The resort then becomes the abode of 
a distinguished company who seek to escape the rigor of 
northern climes. The great hotels, which remain open through- 
out the year, are filled in the earlier months by the best repre- 
sentatives of society from the East, the West, the North and 
the South. There are days in February and March suggestive 
of May and June in cities farther north or remote from the sea. 
Indeed, the visitor is sometimes wont to say, " Truly this is 
summer weather 'neath winter skies." 

In point of accessibility, Atlantic City possesses advantages 
unequaled by any other resort on the coast. With Philadel- 
phia and all the railroads centering there, it is connected by 
numerous through trains, while with New York and the East 
there is ample communication by through trains, which make 
the run from New York to Atlantic City in but little more than 
three hours. 

tlTonir for 31nt)aliD8; The air here is so dry and mild, as a 
anD ConbalfSCnttS, ^^^^> ^^^* convalescents who are able 
to be about may enjoy at least a brief 
walk on the famous Boardwalk, even in winter. Then again 
there are miles of drives, either upon the hard, smooth beach, 
the finely paved streets of the city, the Speedway down the 
beach, or across the meadows to the grounds of the Country 
Club on the mainland. 

Visitors from all parts of the country have found in the 
equable climate and invigorating air of Atlantic City their 
only means of restoration to health. Hundreds and thousands 
who have been thus benefited will bear willing testimony to 
the tonic effects of its bracing atmosphere. Confirmed inva- 
lids are often materially benefited, and existences that would 
be utterly miserable at home are here made not only tolerable, 
but enjoyable. 

Lenten and pojst lenten pajstimejs. 

IN mid-winter, when the majority of the guests are 
' invalids, any but the mildest forms of dissipation 
I are out of the question, but during Lent, when the 
' more extravagant gayeties of the rest of the world 
are temporarily suspended, Atlantic City becomes the scene 
of genuine fun and frolic. 

Upon the advent of Lent some good-natured married lady, 
of unimpeachable social standing, in one of the larger cities, 
organizes a party of a dozen or more young people, and chap- 
erons them to Atlantic City. They come for ten days, often 
staying longer, and while they are here the heretofore quiet 
halls ring with the sounds of their music, dancing and merry 
laughter. The more sober-minded invalids gaze with a mild 
surprise, not unmixed with pleasure, at these jolly parties, and 
by force of example are inclined to forget their ailments. 

Equestrianism is an every-day recreation during the Lenten 
season. The brisk sea breezes, which sing and whistle around 
the cottage gables and through the bare branches of the trees, 
inspire the visitors with longings for the vigorous exercise of 
long walks and horseback rides. From these they return with 
such glowing cheeks, sparkling eyes and keen appetites that 
the mere sight of them is a better advertisement of Atlantic 
City air as a tonic, than all the hand-books that might be 

There is never any dearth of amusement for those who 
pass any portion of the fashionable spring season in Atlantic 
City. The opportunities for enjoyment at the Casino are 
varied, and include private theatricals, readings, musicales, 
orchestral and other entertainments. The visitors, of course, 
are the elite of other cities, refugees from the demands of 
social life, drawing new vigor from the pure air, and pleasure 
seekers whiling away their time 'neath the bright skies of this 
new-born rival to Southern Europe. 

ContJCninU ilounging The ocean parlors and pavilions are 
ItDlacC^ for ^[\, convenient lounging places, when 

one is not inclined to sit on the sand 
and take a sun-bask. Here he may behold the many strange 
and beautiful aspects of the sea. Sometimes it is as calm and 
placid as a lake, with only a line of breakers laving the shore. 
On another day it reflects all the delicate hues of the setting 
sun. Then again, under a serene sky, it is beautifully blue, 
while under heavy clouds it assumes the sombre green. When 
the wind prevails it heaves in heavy swells and dashes its 
breakers furiously on the gently shelving beach, sending up a 
roar like that of thunder. So, day by day, one may watch 
the changed and ever-changing conditions of the sea ; or, if 
not so inclined, whatever may be his tastes, he can find in the 
wonderful resources of the town an inexhaustible means for 
their gratification. 

Central M. E. Cliurcli 

amcrtca'js jttccca of Counjstjs, 

OURISTS who have visited all parts of the civilized 
world, men whose word we cannot doubt, and 
women whose judgment we cannot question, have 
declared that nowhere is there a resort combining so 
many points of excellence as Atlantic City. Already 
it is the Mecca of a considerable number of tourists from coun- 
tries beyond the Atlantic, as well as from states bordering on 
the Pacific ; and the time is not far distant when many Euro- 
peans, who have been in the habit of passing a portion of the 
year at some over-rated resort on the Mediterranean, will cross 
the expanse of ocean and spend a month or more in Atlantic 
City, whose climate combines the bracing qualities of Brighton 
and Malaga with the sedative virtues of Rome and Venice ; 
and within whose bounds might be placed the Frenchman's 
highly-prized Trouville and his picturesque and fashionable 
Etreta without making any appreciable difference in appear- 
ance or conditions. 

The visitor here, whether from Europe or the most distant 
parts of the United States, is charmed by the beauty of the 
town and the grandeur of the sea. The bright sunshine 
bronzes the cheeks and aids the bracing breezes to vivify the 
frame, while the paved avenues and magnificent strand afford 
ample opportunity to all who wish to indulge in equestrian 
pleasures. The facilities for sailing are unsurpassed, and 
yachts go bounding seaward or glide across the bays and 
estuaries with a speed that is truly entrancing. Here, also, is 
the perfection of fishing, whereof more is said under the caption 
of " Hook and Line." 

All the benefits that can be expected of a sea voyage are 
obtained by a residence in Atlantic City, with the added 
comforts and luxuries of a metropolis and the freedom of fast 
land, in his "Literary Recollections" Thomas Hood says: 
" Next to being born a citizen of the world, it must be the best 
thing to be born a citizen of the world's greatest city." This 
is stating only half a truth. In this country, next to his home, 
here in Atlantic City best may he abide, to rest and cheer him 
by the flowing tide. 

SlgrrrablC Climate auD The idea that Atlantic City is a 
Congenial i?rienD0, "^^re lounging place for the summer 
idler was long since abandoned. It 
is an all-the-year-round resort, where one can always find an 
agreeable climate, congenial friends and almost anything to 
engage his attention or excite his interest. It is without a 
rival in America in the matter of hotel accommodations, suited 
to the tastes and the means of every class of people. There 
are elaborate hotels, equipped with ail modern appliances and 
kept in the best manner ; less pretentious houses, well-kept 
and comfortably equipped cottages, villas with classic names 
and an indefinite number of boarding houses. 

"! ^, 

[[ 'v*i^i; 

Home of the "Atlantis Club,'' Illinois Avenue. 


glimmer t^av^ I3c0itic tl)c ^ta. 

HEN spring unlocks the flowers to paint the laughing 
soil, when hath passed that period of transition from 
the austere glory of winter to the roseate weather 
of June, then it is that one's thoughts revert, 
with fond remembrance^ to the deHghtful scenes, the cool and 
invigorating breezes and the joyous pastimes of Atlantic 
City, whose summer day is more than a mere creation of 
the fancy. 

The oft-quoted words of George Herbert, the sweet singer 
of Cherbury — "Sweet day, so cool, so calm, so bright," are 
almost meaningless to those who know summer only from the 
high temperatures, the glaring sun and the hot, parching winds 
that are its distinguishing characteristics in no inconsiderable 
portion of the United States. 

The ideal summer presupposes climatic conditions that 
make physical life, from the highest to the lowest, a perpetual 
delight and rejoicing ; and if there is any place more favored 
than another in that regard, it must surely be a matter of 
concern to the toiling millions to know where it may be 

Bu.t, apart from the mere pursuit of pleasure, the mere 
seeking after enjoyment, and that love of change for its own 
sake that is inherent in every son of Adam, there is, happily, 
in this busy, restless age, a just recognition of the importance 
of relaxing the extreme tension of business and endeavoring to 
repair the terrible waste of vital force. We are, however, with 
our pleasures very much what we are in our business, except 
that while we may not always make a pleasure of our business, 
we certainly make a business of our pleasure., seeking to obtain, 
with the least outlay, the largest possible results. 

011)3^ from tljC Jl^cat The accessibility of a summer resort 
anD $nil'lV'Burlv. ^^' ^'^•'' "^^ a few, a matter of impor- 
tance, second only to the paramount 
consideration of health and pleasure ; and herein lies the secret 
of Atlantic City's wonderful growth and popularity. 

The solid character of its patrons from the better elements 
of society, the quiet home-like aspect of the place, the natural 
scenery and charms peculiar to itself conspire to make Atlantic 
City the very ideal of a summer resort. Art and design have 
added to its attractions, beautifying it with broad avenues, 
walks bordered with trees, and with gardens whose fragrance 
unites with the cool breeze of the ocean to delight and refresh 
those who, turning from the heat and hurly-burly of the city, 
seek the charm and change of seashore life. 

Easter Sunday. 


15eautY on tl^c l3oarDtDal6- 

TLANTIC CITY invented the Boardwalk, and 
while other resorts have been content to tamely 
copy, she has lengthened and strengthened, rebuilt 
and renewed, until the present structure, erected in 
1896, and extended in 1897-98-99, is forty feet wide, twelve 
feet high, over three miles long, and cost the city $170,000. 
It has no equal in the world. 

The life, the light and the color that one sees on this prom- 
enade during the early evening hours are indescribable. 

It is an endless dress parade, a grand review, in which 
everybody is one of the reviewers, as well as one of the 
reviewed. The animation, the overflowing good nature, the 
laughter and contagious hilarity of this restless throng are irre- 
sistible. The lights from the scores of bazaars, the buoyant 
merriment of the children, the soft, melting colors of the sum- 
mer dresses of the women, the grace and freshened loveliness 
of the women themselves, the dizzy whirl of the merry-go- 
round, and the thousand and one little scraps of life and tone 
that line the thoroughfare, all blend in a picture that is war- 
ranted to banquet the eye and rest the mind of any one who 
is not utterly lost to every sense of enjoyment. 

Nowhere in the world is there such a kaleidoscope of 
beauty, such a panorama of wonders, as one sees on this 
great ocean promenade. An annual visitor said : " I have 
been to every prominent seaside resort and spa in Europe, and 
1 know whereof 1 speak when 1 say that nowhere is there a 
resort that can in any way approach Atlantic City. In addi- 
tion to the unusual opportunities for enjoyment, it is unques- 
tionably the healthiest place in America." 

pleading panorama From the balcony of the lighthouse, 
of ^ca ailD ilanCi, ^^^^^ ^^^^ eastern end of the prom- 
enade, a grand panorama of sea and 
land is presented. Looking north and east, across the ex- 
tended miles of salt marshes, with their winding bays and 
estuaries, one sees the pretty buildings and the fertile farms 
of the mainland. Westward is the beautiful city, with its 
splendid hotels and extensive boarding-houses, its hundreds of 
private cottages, and the long line of shade trees skirting the 
sidewalks ; while beyond, to the east and south, is the great 
ocean, reaching far out into the distant horizon. 

The ocean piers usually offer some sort of entertainment 
aside from the ordinary Boardwalk diversions. Indeed, it is 
impossible to pass a dull day or evening in Atlantic City, and 
yet if one does not care for the sprightlier pleasures, he may 
he as quiet as he please, and find delight in meeting and chat- 
ting with friends on the promenade, or listening idly to the 
thunderous monotone of the blue, unresting sea. 


Observing the Dress Parade. 



Cottage on States Avenue— Residence of Col. George P. EldriJge— Cottage on 
Pennsylvania Avenue— Cottage of Mrs. Cutiibert Roberts. 

pitamtt^ of tl)c paijsance* 

HE Plaisance of Atlantic City is tlie BoardwaIl<, but, 
in winter time, on pleasant days, and in summer, 
when the Boardwalk is literally full of humanity, so 
full, indeed, that the crowd surges over on the side, 
then it is that the Strand, either from choice or necessity, 
becomes an equally popular promenade. Up on the Boardwalk 
or down on the Strand the visitor may pass many delightful, 
dreamy hours. 

The long stretch of sandy beach and the roar of the surf 
may be uninteresting to some upon a gloomy day, but when 
the sun is shining all dreariness disappears, the ocean sparkles 
like a huge diamond, and groups of people wander along the 
Strand or scoop out convenient hollows, in which they lie for 
hours, enjoying the warm sun-bath- and inhaling ozone at 
every breath. Bevies of girls, dressed in dainty costumes, 
are scattered about on the sand, and ripples of laughter come 
to one's ears from every side. Far out upon the horizon a 
faint trace of smoke may be seen ascending from a passing 
steamer, while above the horizon and sometimes just beyond 
the surf the white wings of swift-sailing yachts or other craft 
lend a charm and a motion to the scene. Nothing could add 
to the quiet beauty of this scene or heighten the pleasure of 
those for whom it is created. 

From morning until evening the beach is a perfect paradise 
for children. The youngsters take to digging in the sand and 
paddling in the water by natural instinct, having unlimited 
opportunities for both. Every day they throw up fortifications, 
build mounds and excavate subterranean caverns, and every 
night the tide washes away all of their labor and leaves a soft, 
smooth surface for another day's toil. 

ipopularitV^ of ttjr The pleasures of the surf bath bring. 
^urf llBath. multitudes to Atlantic City during the 

summer months, and bathing here attains 
a popularity unknown to more northern resorts, the near 
approach of the Gulf Stream to this point increasing the 
temperature of the water to a delightful degree, and taking 
from it the bitter chill from which so many would-be bathers 
shrink. At the fashionable hours of bathing, from eleven to 
one, the beach is crowded with thousands of merry bathers, 
whose shouts and laughter mingle with the roar of the surf, 
while the Strand and Boardwalk are lined with interested 
spectators and promenaders. The scene at this time is as 
animated as the streets of a continental city on a fete day. 

An April Sunday on the Boardwalk. 



I^larsvounti of tl)c Country- 

TLANTIC CITY is the nation's healtii resort, its 
pleasure spot, its playground. Congress may re- 
solve and newspaper correspondents may with 
hasty pen declare that this or that spot, distin- 
guished by some local phenomena, shall be known as a 
national park, but neither formal resolution nor the verdict of 
casual writers can change the geography of the country, the 
facts of nature, nor the verdict of the people. The public has 
declared, with an emphasis that cannot be misunderstood, that 
Atlantic City, though not exactly a park, is the Playground of 
the Country. 

This resort long since learned how best to provide for the 
summer and winter visitors, and it is now the business of the 
place to set forth its attractions, which are all in the direction 
of making one's stay delightful. Hard to amuse, indeed, 
would be the visitor who could not find some congenial diver- 
sion ever close at hand on this interesting island. There is 
some sort of diversion at every hour of the day, every day in 
the week, and for those who prefer to do just nothing at all 
there is always the sublime panorama of sky and sea spread 
out in perennial magnitude before the most listless eye. 

For the man or woman who is brain weary, and breaking 
down under the weight of business, professional, social or 
domestic cares, there is no better restorative than a season of 
rest and recreation at Atlantic City. With increased bodily 
vigor, incident to a stay here, comes the gentle ministrations 
of tired nature's sweet restorer. Many who have been troub- 
led with insomnia find in a change to this climate the soothing 
balm that 

" Upon the high and giddy mast 
Seals up the ship-boy's eyes and rocks his brains 
In cradle of the rude, imperious surge." 

Wutt 2iit ^afiftjrsf Persons who could scarcely walk at 
il^tlt thf llung0. home, after coming here, stroll long 
distances on the Strand or Boardwalk, 
with only a cheerful sense of weariness that is soon succeeded 
by a sharpened appetite, the reward of agreeable exercise. 
Few, indeed, who visit Atlantic City fail to experience a 
marked improvement in appetite, while to many there comes 
such a feeling of drowsiness that the most exciting story fails 
to keep them awake. This is a sure sign that the nerves are 
being well rested. 

The exercise that one gets here is a tonic in itself. The 
pure air brightens, rests and strengthens the eyes, purities the 
blood, washes out the lungs, flushes the air-passages of the 
nose and ears, quickens the sluggish circulation, strengthens 
the weak digestion, brightens the complexion and resists the 
progress of disease. In the flood of ozone off the sea all poison 
is driven out of the system. 

A Snap Shot. 



1 1 



15tac\} mtDejs, gacl^ting anti (13unning, 

TLANTIC CITY is so situated that nature provides 
a constant round of summer pleasures. The sea, 
of course, is an endless source of delight. Even 
those who do not bathe find a pleasure in sitting 
under the big umbrellas and canvass-covered chairs on the 
beach, and watching the antics of those who are tumbling in 
the surf. Yachting is another delightful pastime. There isn't 
a safer, speedier or more comfortable fleet of fishing and sail- 
ing boats on the seaboard than Atlantic City's squadron, found 
at the picturesque inlet harbor, with its breezy houses of 
refreshment by the docks. 

Those who prefer steam to sails can be accommodated, and 
the few whose stomachs dread the heaving billows may eschew 
both and sit and watch the fleet of gaily-decked boats dancing 
in the distance, their blood meanwhile tingling with the ozone 
blown from the sea, or the commoner kind which some en- 
deavor to suck through a straw. 

The island is ten miles long and the two extremes are 
united by an electric railway, which is an unfailing source of 
pleasure to a countless number of visitors. The greater por- 
tion of the route is within sight of the sea and almost at the 
water's edge, in some places one may see the original for- 
mation of the island. There are woods and pleasant retreats 
among the sand-hills, shaded by umbrella-shaped trees, which 
have withstood the storms of many years. To those who 
love nature and who hold communion with her visible forms, 
a day of pleasure is promised in exploring these ancient sand- 
hills and sylvan retreats. 

If the visitor is a sportsman, he will scent the delirium 
of pursuit in the spray of the billows. With gun and rod, 
either or both, one is sure of a great day's sport under the 
guidance of the veteran yachtsmen at the inlet. The succes- 
sion of game fowl which visits the adjacent beaches, each in 
its own season, is surprisingly varied ; snipe, plover, marlin, 
willet, yellow legs, marsh hens, black duck, mallard and teal 
follow each other, often in such numbers as to provoke the 
city sportsman to the highest pitch of enthusiasm. 

SDoUJU tl)C llBfart) The trip down the beach is a most de- 
bv ^OOnligljt. Hghtful one, either by day or night, and 
to afford a view of the ocean by moon- 
light at least one night train is usually run throughout the 
year. This train is in great favor with the young people, it 
passes Sea View ; Ventnor, a quiet place with a fine hotel ; 
St. Leonard ; Oberon and South Atlantic City, celebrated for 
its sacred white elephant, which is the largest white elephant 
in the world. A mile and a half farther down the beach is 
Longport, where sailing craft or steam pleasure-boats convey 
passengers across the finest sheet of inland water in the State, 
to Ocean City or Somers' Point. 

A Spring Morning on the Boardwalk 


i^oofe auD Um. 

ERHAPS there are in this world souls sc sordid that 
they never can rise to the height of enthusiasm 
over that enticing pastime, fishing, it may be a 
matter of early training or education — this love of 
angling — since the man whose boyhood was passed in the 
country is usually an expert fisherman, and he remembers 
with pride and pleasure his first fishing outfit. He'd a horse- 
hair line and an elder stick, with bended pin for a hook, and 
he fished till noon in the shaded creek, with an angleworm for 
bait. At the very first nibble, when the cork went under, the 
rod was thrown swiftly over his head, and the fish, breaking 
away from the unbarbed hook, went flying through the air, and 
landed back in the woods, perhaps fifty feet from the edge of 
the creek. A pretty sight it was, too, that perch or sun-fish, 
with its silvery sides dappled with gold. Then it was strung 
by the gills on a crotched stick, and, with three or four others, 
was carried home in triumph. 

Ah ! lives there a man with soul so dead that he cannot 
cherish, with fond recollection, the joy of those youthful 
sports ? a memory so weak that it cannot recall the long-gone 
days of boyhood pleasures in the country — days of wishing 
and of fishing, when he listened to the voice of the rivulet 
and the language of the winds and woods ? The roar of the 
ocean was an unknown song in that distant country home, 
but to him the green aisles of the forest were more than a 
poetic fiction. 

In Atlantic City there are no scenes, no pastimes, like 
those incident to boyhood life in the country. There are no 
dank grottoes, vine-trellised and luxuriant, with perhaps only 
a ray of sunlight bursting through the fretted vault of green ; 
no vistas of glory like those found in hilly and mountainous 
places ; but, brother anglers, on the veracity of thousands of 
the fraternity, we assure you that you will find congenial 
spirits here, and as fine a lot of liars (fish liars, of course) as 
can be found in the United States — barring, perhaps, the State 
of Maine. 

iLanl)*ilOCl\fD True, there are no fresh-water trout here, 
^atcr iBrf^crUf. ^^^ ^^ have weak-fish, sea bass, flounders, 
blue fish, sheepshead and other fish, as 
good as, yes, better than those which navigate the mountain 
streams, as active and as gamy as any fish you ever saw. 
The bays and thoroughfares are a vast water preserve, with 
Nature for their keeper. From Grassy Bay and Little Egg 
Harbor on the north to Scull's Bay and Great Egg Harbor on 
the south, from the wreck of the " Cassandra " to the wreck 
of the "Diverty," fish of large size are found in abundance. 
The creeks and sounds teem with millions of the finny tribe at 
certain seasons of the year, and it is here, also, where agile 
oysters, mild, serene, on beds of moss recline ; where soft- 
shell crabs live pinchingly, and pearly sheen of hake and 
flounder wins the flies. 


piact of p^crcnnial i^lcajsure* 

N the charms of novelty and ever-shifting variety, 
Atlantic City surpasses the most celebrated of Euro- 
pean resorts. Surrounded on all sides by the waters 

of the ocean and blessed with a climate of rare 

equability, its physical advantages are superb. Seaward the 
waste of waters stretches almost three thousand miles, kissing 
the shores of another hemisphere ; while landward is a wide 
estuary as smooth as a mountain lake, and beyond that an 
expanse of salt meadows, reaching out to meet the pine forests, 
whose breezes mingle with Neptune's briny breath. 

The geological peculiarities of the island are one of the 
agents that contribute to its remarkable healthfulness. There 
is no indigenous or spontaneous vegetation on the island. 
The only growths are the arboreal embellishments of the ave- 
nues and lawns — sylvan contributions from the forests and 
fields of the mainland. No stagnant pools or sloughs disfigure 
the facial lineaments of the island, and there is no malarial or 
miasmatic emanation to offend the senses or affect its perfect 
hygiene. Indeed, it is believed by many scientists that the 
air of Atlantic City is "hostile to physical debility." 

All other attractions, of course, are secondary or subservi- 
ent to the charms of the sea, whose sunny waters break upon 
the strand and whose keen breezes drive all burdens from the 
heart, all weary thoughts away. The famous promenade, 
which follows the contour of the beach, is wide enough to 
accommodate 100,000 visitors, without crowding or discomfort. 
Here, at eventide, the city pours its countless thousands out, 
and a great procession marches and countermarches the entire 
length of the four-mile promenade, under the brilliant glare of 
the electric lights, lighted the year round, and the strains of 
music from the numerous places of amusement that line the 
landward side. 


3l0V anD pirasurr Cftrougl) The current of humanity on 
t\)t CU)dt)^tl9ontl)S; ^^^^ Boardwalk moves con- 

stantly on, the rule of the 
road — keep to the right — being strictly observed. As a study 
of some of the most unique phases of human character, a stroll 
along this crowded thoroughfare in spring or summer is worth 
a year of ordinary life. 

Year after year this commingling of the young and the old, 
the high and the low, the rich and the poor, the grave and the 
gay, goes on in Atlantic City ; and so until the end of time, 
generation after generation, the charmed voice of the sea will 
draw man to its sands and to its surf. From the plains of the 
South, from the wide expanse of the West, from the bleak, 
gray rim of the North, men, women and children will come and 
go, girdling our coast with joy and pleasure through the twelve- 

Perhaps You Know Them. 

3^l)crcin latlantic Cttv €rccljs» 

FEW of the advantages of Atlantic City over other 
resorts may be thus stated : 

There are excellent schools and churches, good 
society, good order, good government, good drainage, 
good water and good living. 

The underground sewage system has worked so successfully 
that Atlantic City is admitted to be the only properly drained 
resort on the coast. The waves that beat on the beach here 
are not required to act as scavengers for the city. The surf is 
absolutely free from refuse or defilement of any kind. 

The water supply from artesian wells, some of them looo 
feet deep, and from natural springs on the mainland, is inex- 
haustible. There is no purer or clearer water anywhere in 
America. This is conceded by scientists and recognized by 
thousands of critical visitors. 

For the promenader, a broad Boardwalk, without equal in 
the world, is built along the entire ocean front of the city, forty 
feet wide and over three miles long. It is at all times a 
centre of attraction and thousands of visitors from every 
corner of the United States there enjoy the delicious exhil- 
aration of the vitalizing ozone off the sea. 

There is an absence of formality, the bane of European 
resorts, that renders a sojourn in Atlantic City refreshing as 
well as fashionable. 

The city is admirably lighted with electricity. The authori- 
ties spend nearly $40,000 a year for lighting. The ocean 
promenade and all the principal avenues are lit with brilliant 
electric lights the year round. 

Notwithstanding the fact that hundreds of thousands of 
people visit the city annually, many of them afflicted with 
severe illness, statistics are not wanting to show that Atlantic 
City's death-rate is almost the lowest in the country. The 
national mortuary table averages the deaths among the resi- 
dent population at 12.05 to the 1000, or second only to one 
other place in the country. 



King Lear - 

" May be he is not well ; 
Infirmity doth still neglect all office, 
Whereto our health Is hound." 

— Shakspe/ 

Pilgrim.— Not well, my lord? Methinks thou knowest not what 
the matter is. Send thou and tell him I would speak with him. 

King.— Nay! I will not command his presence, seeing he doth yet 
suffer. We are not ourselves when nature, being oppressed, commands 
the mind to suffer with the body. But what is this thou revealest? 
What kind offices hast thou for the indisposed and sickly.? 

Pilgrim.— 'Tis this, my lord. These many summers have 1 wan- 
toned with the breakers at Atlantic City, and there, also, on many a win- 
ter day, have I found delightful outing by the sea and much ease in mine 
inn. "There, my lord, once I sat upon a'pier and heard a mermaid, on a 
dolphin's back, uttering such dulcet and harmonious breath that the rude 
sea grew civil at her song. At this place, whereof much praise hath been 
spoken by most learned men, in winter time, ere yet the inns at other 
places have their portals opened, 1 durst lay my hand upon the Ocean's 
mane and play familiar with his hoary locks. 

King, — I perceive, pilgrim, that thou art no fool, nor art thou abste- 
mious of pleasure, seeing that thy countenance is round and good-natured 
and that thy nose doth already wear the livery of good living. This 
word of thine persuades me that it behooves us all to go and linger yet a 
while at thy fair city which thou callest Atlantic City. Give me my serv- 
ant forth ! ' Nay ! go thou thyself and summon up the retinue. Command 
them to attendto-morrow at'nine, for at that hour we go to this place of 
rest and pleasure ; and so may this be our custom hereafter. Resolve, 
also, with all modest haste, whichsoever way thou mayest please, that 
this be our usage thrice every twelvemonth. Write it down and post it by 
every path we tread, and let it shine with such a lustre that he who runs 
may' read. 



Indian Stories and Traditions — Tales of the Olden Time 
Settlement of Eyre Haven — Atlantic County 
Reminiscences — Origin and History 
of Atlantic City. 




lODWIN'S once-famous story of " Caleb Williams " is said to 
have been written backwards. That is, the hero was first 
involved in a web of difficulties, forming the second volume ; 
and then, for the first, the author cast about for some mode of 
accounting for what was already done. 

in like manner, this History and Hand-Book has been 
written backwards. In the first part is presented an imperfect pen picture 
of Atlantic City, "Queen of the Coast," within whose bounds are cen- 
tralized ail the force and features necessary for a complete health and 
pleasure resort. In the second part Is an account of the beginning of 
seaside pleasures, when the aborigines made periodical visits to the sea- 
shore, eating enormous quantities of baked shell-fish (soquanock and 
sickissuog), making belts of poquanhock and luckahouk, bathing In the 
surf, and making merry in other ways. 

After the Indians came the first settlers, with their old-time diversions. 
Then came the generations of revolutionary and post-revolutionary times, 
in those days, at the seashore, it has been said, when men 
Old -Time went fishing in the morning, they rolled up their trousers to 
Diversions, the knees ; when they " dressed for dinner," thev simplv 
rolled them down again. By degrees the methods of sea- 
shore recreation have changed. The sea"^ laves the beach the same as 
of yore, but modern ways have made surf bathing a luxury. Instead of 
a penance; and there are just as good fish In the sea now as there were 
then, but they are caught with less trouble— some with a silver hook. 

What co'uld have been more perfect than the conception of this great 
seaside resort? its founders prophesied that It would stand pre-eminent 
among its kind, and looking at It to-day, as described in the first part of 
this Hand- Book, who will deny its pre-eminence? Undoubtedly, Atlantic 
Citv Is " Queen of the Coast." 

4 it d 

In issuing this souvenir edition of the Hand-Book, i shall offer no 

excuse, other than this : the demand has been made and the field is open 

for a work of this character — historical and descriptive — com- 

Labor of memorating the closing and signalizing the opening century. 

Love. Nothing in the nature of a reliable history and sketch-book of 

Atlantic County has been heretofore attempted, and 1 have 

therefore prepared these desultory chapters, hoping that they will merit the 

perusal of all into whose hands a copy of the book may chance to fall. 1 

need scarcely add that their preparation has been entirely a labor of love. 

It Is not presumed that the book Is faultless, but to approximate a 
degree of completeness has been my endeavor. The historical chapters 
will answer the end for which they were written, If they but awaken in the 
people of Atlantic County an interest in the oft-neglected subject of local 
history, to the study of which pride and patriotism should alike impel us. 

True knowledge, like true charity, should begin at home, and he who 
fails to study the history of the locality wherein he lives commences the 



Heston s Havd-Book. 

fabric of his education at the summit, instead of at the base; wherefore 
should these chapters direct any native or adopted son of ancient Absegam. 
to the path of TRUE knowledge, the author's labors will have been abun- 
dantly requited. 

d d <s 

In a work of this size and character, it would be impossible to embody 
a complete history in one volume ; hence, to preserve the annual feature of 
the Hand-Book and at the same time to offer a history that is reasonably 
■compact and complete, 1 have deemed it wise to publish only a few of the 
historical chapters in each volume, reserving others for later editions of the 

it is hoped, and I now make the suggestion to the future Mayor, City 
Council and other officials, that the year 1904 be made a jubilee year, com- 
memorative of the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of Atlantic 
Year of City. One or two months in that year may well be given over 
Jubilee, to festivity, including a week of carnival. To perfect and direct 
this proposed semi-centennial, there should be a committee of fifty 
representative citizens— one for each year of history— appointed by the 
Mayor a year or so in advance of the festival. Doubtless, this committee, 
in the fertility of its resources, will show to the country and to the world 
that in push, progress and popularity Atlantic City has no peer. 

Succeeding editions of the Hand-Book will contain chapters on the 
history of the county and growth of the city, the whole to be united in one 
grand souvenir edition, published in the year of Jubilee, IQ04. 

A. M. H. 

ATLANTIC City, July i, igo2. 


'Tis the pearly shell. 
That murmurs of the far-off murmuring sea ; 
A precious jewel, carved most curiously — 
It is a little picture painted well. 

-R. W. Gilder. 


HE concluding page of the Hand-Book for iqco was a breviary 
of " suggestions "—twelve in number— for the betterment o'f 
Atlantic City. It is the author's purpose to repeat these sug- 
gestions fro'm year to year until they have been tmally 
adopted or rejected by the municipal government. They are 
as follows — the italics indicating the result to date. 

I.— The c6ndition of Atlantic avenue, the sidewalks in many parts of 
the city and the alleys generally should receive more attention.' Atlantic 
avenue should be paved, not macadamized, and City Council should 
speedily enter into an equitable agreement with the railroad company to 
meet tlie expense of this improvement. Apparent progt^ess. 

2. — The sidewalks on Atlantic and every other avenue should be kept 
absolutely free from obstructions. Evil increasing ; ordinances not 
enforced^ Electric light, telephone and telegraph poles should be banished 
for all time and the wires placed under ground. No improvement. No 
signs, boxes or obstructions of any kind should be tolerated on the side- 
walks anywhere. Nuisance continues ; ordinance against obstructions 
not enforced. 

3. — The curb lines on Atlantic avenue should be moved out two or 
three feet — the driveways being more than ample now — and the additional 
space assigned to shade" trees, the planting of which should be encouraged, 
not onlv along Atlantic avenue, but on every avenue in the city. Read 
article on "Trees" in chapter " Around and About" — page 113. Ordi- 
nance passed to widen sidezvalks on Atlantic avenue tzvo feet. S/iade 
trees planted on some other avenues ; none on Atlantic. Make Atlantic 
avenue more inviting— shady in summer and free from mud in winter — 
and visitors will be glad to leave the Boardwalk, if only for a chance to see 
the commercial side of Atlantic City. Storekeepers will not then complain 
of business drifting away from the avenue to the Boardwalk. Give the 
visitors a chance to see clear and clean sidewalks, give them a refuge from 
the sun in summer and freedom from mud in winter, and they will soon 
realize that the Boardwalk is not Atlantic City's only promenade. Where 
the people are, there will the trade be also. Atlantic avenue even less 
inviting than before. 

4. — The ordinance against the dumping of refuse in alleys or on vacant 
lots should be rigidly enforced. Improvement. It should be the duty of 
the street supervisor" to see that all alleys are kept absolutely free of rub- 
bish, and the Board of Health should not tolerate for one day a nuisance 
of any kind in back alley, back yard, or side lot. Rubbish still in alleys. 

5. — Waste paper should be deposited in proper receptacles on the street 
corners, and once a day or once a week, as may be necessary, such refuse 
should be taken to the crematory. Appropriation made for purchase of 
receptacles, but none purchased. 

6.— Low lots everywhere, especially along the railroads, should be 
filled to grade and kept absolutely free from rubbish. Improvement ex- 
cepting along railroad. 



Hesfon' s Hand-Book. 

7. — The wires for electric lights on the Boardwalk should be placed in 
conduits, and the wooden poles which now disfigure the walk should be 
removed. No change. 

8. — The city should control absolutely the ocean front, and the hob-tail 
pier at the foot "of Pennsylvania avenue should be removed. The one at 
the foot of Tennessee avenue should be improved architecturally. Pro- 
gress in control of ocean front. 

Q.— Between the stations and the thoroughfare all railroad tracks 
should be elevated. This improvement should be completed not later than 
the Year of Jubilee, 1904. Ahi change. 

10. — The city should erect places of public comfort along the Board- 
walk and pavilions at the ends of the avenues, outside the walk. One 
piihtic pavilion erected by city. 

II. — The city should prohibit the charging of a fee for the privilege of 
sitting in a private pavilion anywhere along the Boardwalk. Progress 
toward this prohibition. 

12. — All sidewalks on cross avenues from the Boardwalk to Atlantic 
avenue should be flagged from curb to property line. Plenty of lazu for 
better sidewalks ; ordinances not enforced. 

Trench of a Revolutionary Fort. 


Dr. Thomas K. Reed. 


2. Dr. B. C. Pennington. 
4. Dr. John R. Fleming. 



ANY interesting sketches, descrip- 
tive of the old and new times on 
Absecon Island and the adjacent 
mainland, are necessarily omitted 
from this edition of the Hand- 
Book. The iqoo edition contained 
historical chapters as follows : 
" Indian Stories and Traditions," 
"Days of Yore," "Tales of the 
Olden Times," " Queen of the 
Coast," and the iqoi edition chap- 
ters as follows: "First Families 
of Eyre Haven " and " Revolu- 
tionary Reminiscences." 
d <« 4 

Succeeding editions will contain chapters as follows: 
A Quaker Indiction of Slavery. 
Roadways and Taverns. 
Old Times and New. 
Memorable Accidents. 
Ployden and Plantagenet Principalities. 
Concerning Metes and Bounds. 
Township Lines and Tithing Ofticers. 
Mayslanding and the Early Settlers. 
Hammonton and Egg Harbor City. 
Brigantine and Barnegat. 
Reminiscences of Old Gloucester. 

40 Hcstofi' s Hand-Book. 

Meeting Houses and Churches. 

Schools and School Teachers. 

Charitable Institutions, Hospitals and Libraries. 

Redemptioners in the Early Days. 

Albion Knights of Old Gloucester. 

Rain and Snow — Wind and Tide. 

Shipwrecks and Drownings. 

The Pen and the Sword — Editors and Soldiers. 

Lawyers and Physicians. 

The Water Question and Water Works Litigation. 

Murders and Hangings. 

City Hall and Post Office, 

Atlantic City and County Officials. 

Mysteries of the Sea. 

Gunning and Fishing. 

Outings by the Sea. 

Autumn and Winter Pleasures. 

Sanitation and Drainage. 

The publication of these chapters will extend over a period of four or 
five years, and a set of the Hand-Books for these years will make up a 
complete history and sketch-book of Atlantic City and County well worth 

To accommodate those who may not have a copy of the 1900 Hand- 
Book and who may wish to possess a complete set of the books, when 
published, a limited number of the igoo edition will be sold at seventy-five 
cents and of the 190 1 edition at fifty cents per copy. Postage ten cents 

Pages 41 to 66 of the Hand-Book are found only in the 1900 edition. 

Pages 67 to 82 of the Hand-Book are found only in the 1901 edition. 

Stalwart Sires and Sturdy Sons. 


ROM the most authentic accounts, it appears that about the 
year 1753 there was a settlement near the forks of the Mullica 
River, in Atlantic County, which consisted of about twenty log 
houses, and was called Sweetwater. Its inhabitants were 
typical woodsmen, who lived by lumbering and tilling the soil, 
varying these occupations with hunting and fishing. There 
was also at this time, in the vicinity, a small band of half savage white 
people, who lived in wigwams, after the fashion of the aborigines, and 
held little, if any, intercourse with their neighbors. They were known as 
"the clam eaters." After a few years these strange beings mysteriously 
disappeared. They probably joined one of the Indian tribes west of the 

In 1758 a church was built at Sweetwater, in the primitive style of the 
period. It had no settled pastor, but was used by preachers of all denom- 
inations. The present Methodist church edifice was erected in 1808 and 
dedicated the following year by the venerable bishop, Francis Asbury. In 
the cemetery "adjoining the church the forefathers of the 
The Forks hamlet sleep, the oldest of the tombs dating back to 
at Sweetwater. 1760. Two of the graves are of special interest. One is 
that of Mrs. Abigail Miner, whose husband was an officer 
under the celebrated naval commander, Paul Jones, and the other is that 
of Rev. Simon Lucas, a Revolutionary soldier and old-time Methodist 
preacher. Mrs. Miner died in 1777 and Mr. Lucas in 1838, the latter in his 
eighty-third year. The mansion, now belonging to the estate of William 
E. Farrell, was built in 1762. At the time of the Revolution it was occupied 
bv a wealthy family mentioned in C. J. Peterson's popular romance of 
"'Kate Aylesford." The name " Aylesford" is fictitious. The real name 
of the family is not positively known. 


During the Revolution Sweetwater, now called Pleasant Mills, was a place of some 
importance. Colonel Thomas Proctor's Pennsylvania State Regiment of Artillery and a 
body of New Jersey militia, well provided with cannon, were stationed at " The Forks " in 
October, 1778. A portion of General Charles Grey's division, of the British Army, under 
the immediate command of the general himself, had gone from New 'V'ork on a marauding 
expedition to Buzzard's Bav, New Bedford, Fair Haven and Martha's Vineyard; and 
another detachment had come to Egg Harbor, under Captain Patrick Ferguson, who was 
not less cruel than the general himself. 

Ferguson's force, after landing at Chestnut Neck, purposed marching toward the 
forks of the river, to destroy the iron works at Batsto, which were turning out large quan- 
tities of the munitions of war for the Continental army. They also had in view the de- 
struction of the stores and privateers at "The Forks." Hearing of the approach of the 
enemy, the Americans prepared to meet them. It was late in the day— probably the evenirg 
of October 6th— when the Americans, believing that a general attack would be made in 
the morning, fell back to a favorable position near Sweetwater, and rested on their arms. 
At daybreak thev were ready for the attack. The artillery was posted behind an eminence 
on the left, the infantrv was drawn up in a line extending across the main road to the river 
bank, and a wooded ravine on the right was occupied by a number of picked men. 

The dav was well advanced when the enemy had finished their work of destruction at 
Chestnut Neck, and instead of marching inland, toward Sweetwater and Batsto, as at first 
intended, Captain Ferguson prudentlv retired his forces under the protection of the guns of 
the Zebra, the Vigilant and the Nautilus. He then steered his barges to the landing place 
of Eli Mathis, near the mouth of Bass River, and destroyed the dwelling house and farm 
buildings of Mathis, besides the salt works, a saw mill and twelve houses belonging to as 
many patriots near the banks of that river. 


84 Hesiivf s Hand-Book. 

The story of the assault upon the fort and destruction of the stores at Chestnut Neck, 
and the slaughter of Pulaski's men near Tuckerton. is told in another chapter. 

Pat Ferguson was one of the most distinguished officers of the King in America 
during the Revolution. He was a brother of Adam Ferguson, the celebrated Scottish phil- 
osopher, and in his own way quite as gifted. He was a man of an ingenious turn of mind 
and invented a breech-loading ritle, in the use of which he became very expert. 

After the overwhelming defeat of Gates at Camden, South Carolina, in 1780, Corn- 
wallis had the whole South at his mercy. He moved slowly northward with the main body 
of his army. Ferguson was given command of various operations, with power to embody 
and command the Tory volunteers. The Carolinas and New Jersey were the only States 
which were entirely swept from border to border by the besom of war. There was scarcely 
a nook or a corner in which the rifle shot was not lieard, in which the torch was not lighted, 
or in which the passions of hell were not let loose. 

It will be recalled that General Grey, to whose army Ferguson's com- 
pany of marauders belonged, commanded the British troops who were sent 
to massacre the Americans under Wayne at Paoli on the night of September 
20-21, 1777. A Hessian sergeant, who tool< part in this massacre, alter- 

wards said: " We killed three hundred of the rebels with 

Cold-Blooded the bayonet. 1 stuck them myself like so many pigs, one 

Massacres. after another, until the blood ran out of the touchhole of my 

musket." On October 2, 1778, this same General Grey 
directed the massacre of the 104 cavalrymen, commanded by Colonel 
Baylor, at Tappan, north of Hackensack, N. J. As at Paoli. fhe Ameri- 
cans were surprised at night in a barn, being betrayed by a Tory. Their 
cries for mercv were unheeded and every man that could be found was 
bayoneted in cold blood. General Grey's orders were to give no quarter. 
Major General Lord Stirling (American) being requested to investigate the 
particulars of this massacre, did so and reported to Congress with the 
affidavits and depositions of the survivors. The testimon\- of one, a man 
named Southward, is sufficient. He said that five men out of the thirteen 
who were with him were killed outright, and the rest, e.xcepting himself, 
bayoneted. Southward heard the English officer order his men to put all 
to "death, and he afterwards asked if they had finished their work. They 
offered quarter to some, who, on surrendering, were baxoneted in cold 


it is interesting to note that among the papers of this same monster. General Grey, 
there was found, in March, igoi, the diary of Major Andre. After being hidden away for 
more than one hundred years, it was discovered in England by Lord Grey, in going over 
a lot of papers that had belonged to his ancestor, General Grey, on wjiose staff Andre 
served while in America. It is presumed that Andre's papers fell into the possession of 
General Grey, which accounts for the diary being found by Lord Gre\-. It is the story of the 
campaign, day by day, during the years 1777-78. It is simply but interestingly told from the 
soldier's standpoint, and is accompanied by maps, apparently drawn b\- Andre himself and 
with a skill that would make him the equai of any military hxdrographer of to-dav. The 
diarv ceases too early to throw new light upon the moti\es which prompted the tragic 
ending of his career, but it gives interesting glimpses of the personality of one of the his- 
torical figures of the Revolution. 

Remembering the sad story of Paoli and Tappan, we can easily 
imagine what must have been the fate of the patriots at Chestnut Neck 
and " The Forks," had they fallen into the hands of these cohorts of the 
merciless Grey. Their bayonets and swords were already twice wet with 
the blood of patriots, and thrice wet were thev a week later, when forty of 
Pulaski's Legion were massacred in cold blood near Tuckerton. 

Considering the character of General Grev, the orders he must have 
given and the butchery of Pulaski's Legion, the garrisons at " The 
Forks" and at Chestnut Neck were indeed fortunate. The annals of the 
Revolution are replete with pages of fearful suffering, of crueltv and of 
bloodshed. The British soldier's reputation for chivalrv was stained again 
and again by acts of cruel passion and by the malignant butchery of an 

S/a/cL'a/i Sires a)id Sturdy Sous. 85 

unprotected foe. Even as early as the battle of Long Island they record it 
as " a fine sight to see with vvhat alacrit\- we dispatched the rebels with 
our bayonets, after we had surrounded them so they could not resist." 

d d d 

During a portion of these trying Revolutionary times the Delaware 
River was occupied by the enemy's vessels, and it was with much 
difficulty that merchandise, particularly groceries, could be obtained in or 
near Philadelphia. Smuggling was considered a legitimate trade, and 
people resorted to every means to circumvent the revenue 
Smugglers at officers. Vessels of light draft could navigate the Mullica 
"The Forks." to "The Forks." Here barrels of sugar and molasses, 
1777 to 178? bags of coffee, boxes of tea, puncheons of rum, and vaii- 
ous other articles of trade, were taken on shore, placed 
upon wagons and hauled across the country, in the direction of Burlington 
or Philadelphia. All kinds of subterfuge" was used to avoid detection. 
Sometimes a load of salt hay concealed several barrels of molasses or sugar, 
or a quantity of clams kept from view numerous bags of coffee or boxes of 
tea. Cedar hoop-poles provided a good cover for articles of smaller bulk, 
and cord-wood was an excellent hiding place tor other goods contraband of 
war. Almost every swamp along the route had its secret place of deposit, 
and the loyalty of the people to the American cause aided much in making 
this kind of trade successful. 

Occasionally, however, during hot weather, hoops and staves would 
not hold the molasses, and finding a vent it left a stream along the road, 
thus betraying the smuggler to the officers of King George. The load and 
team were' confiscated, and the driver was fortunate if he escaped into the 
forest to avoid punishment. There were several such mishaps, when it 
occurred to the patriotic smugglers that the cool night atmosphere was the 
time for carrying goods across the country, and when the sound of a 
loaded wagoii was heard along the road "between the two days," the 
country folk knew what it meant. Some of these incidents, illustrating 
the patriotism of the stalwart sires and sturdy sons of old Gloucester 
County, of which Atlantic was then a part, have been employed by 
writers to point a moral or adorn a tale, just as the romantic love-tale of 
John Estaugh and Elizabeth Haddon, founder of Haddonfield, furnished 
the incidents for one of Longfellow's delightful " Tales of a Wayside Inn." 

Time has wrought its changes about the historic spots m old Egg 
Harbor. Where the woods and swamps along the shores of the Mullica 
and Great Egg Harbor afforded shelter for Tory marauders, and hiding 
places for the goods of smugglers, there are now pleasant villages and 
thriving farms : and on the once barren coast we now see the capacious 
hotels and pretty cottages that make up a twentieth century watering 

<i ii 6 

Along the banks of the Great Egg Harbor and Mullica Rivers, a 

century ago, the manufacture of iron was an important industry. The bog 

ore was taken from deposits thtoughout that section, and 

Bog Ore forges or bloomeries were operated successfully by brawny 

Iron Furnaces, sires and brainy sons. 

i7"otoiS4'. The first iron works in New Jersev was set up in 

Monmouth County in 1676 by James and Henry Leonard, 
brothers, who had moved from Taunton, Mass. The industry in South 
Jersev was destroyed bv the discovery of the magnetic ores in Pennsyl- 
vania' and elsewhere. The largest deposits of bog ore were found along 

86 Heston' s Hand-Book. 

the tributaries of the Mullica River, in what is now Atlantic County, and 
in the adjoining county of Burlington, extending from the sources of these 
streams southeasterly to the present site of Egg Harbor City. From ore 
taken from these bogs was produced the iron used in the construction of the 
cylinder for John Fitch's steamboat, which was operated on the Delaware 
on April i6, lygo. This furnace was owned by a man named Drinker. 


Toward the close of the sixteenth century, Roger Bacon, writing on navigation, said : 
" And first of all, by the figuration of Arte itself, there may be made instruments of navi- 
gation, as large as ships, to brooke the sea, onely with one man to Steere them, which 
shall sayle more swiftly than if they were full of men." This philosopher of the Eliza- 
bethan age evidently had some indefinite idea of a power other than wind and oars by which 
vessels might be moved more easily and certainly than by either of these forces ; which 
were only useful, as appeared to him, so long as there were men to pull the oars, and suffi- 
cient wirid to fill the sails. Some propelling power, more reliable than either, was, in fact,, 
generally sought for in that age. and many of the suggestions made to meet this growing 
desire were, no doubt, known to Bacon, who e\ identl\ based his prediction on the firm con- 
viction that eventuallv this power would be found. 

Thus we find William Bourse, in 1578, suggesting, in a book, wheels as a motor for 
vessels, instead of oars. "And furthermore," he says, "you may make a boate to goe 
without aore or sayle by placing a certain number of wheeles on the outside of the boate. 
In that sorte, that the armes of the wheeles may go into the water, and so turning the 
wheels by some provision, and so the wheeles shall make the boate goe." 

When Henry Bell, in 1801, applied to James Watt for advice in regard to a propelling 
engine that would stand upon its own base, to be used in propelling vessels, Watt replied : 
" How many noblemen, gentlemen and engineers have puzzled their brains and spent thous- 
ands, and none of all these, nor yourself, have been able to bring the power of steam to a. 
successful issue." 

Many persons, at that time, looked upon the attempt as sinful— an iusult to Provi- 
dence to force a vessel against wind and tide ; just as, in the time of Peter the Great, the 
proposition to open an artificial communication, by locks and canals, between the Volga, 
the Don and the Caspian Sea, was denounced by the clergy and nobility of his empire as 
a "piece of impiety, being to turn the streams one way which Providence had directed 

Bacon's prediction that " by the figuration of Arte itself " vessels would be built " to- 
brooke the sea," without oar or sail, was verified by John Fitch, an uneducated and ingeni- 
ous American, once a citizen of New Jersey, and inventor of navigation by steam. Writers 
of school books and prejudiced historians may accord the honor to Fulton, but the meed of 
praise belongs to Fitch. Truth may long tie made subservient to Fiction, but in this 
twentieth century, let us, in honoring Fitch, befriend Truth, so long crushed to earth. 

At Batsto, on the opposite side of the river, was another furnace, built 
in 1766 by Charles Read, and some years later sold to Joseph Ball, of 
Pennsylvania. About the year 1784 this property came under 
Batsto the management of William Richards, a native of Wales and 
Iron Woiks. a relative of Ball. Richards appears to have been a shrewd 
and energetic business man, who made e.xtensive improve- 
ments to the place and added a casting foundry to the iron plant. He 
accumulated wealth rapidly, built a fine mansion, where he dwelt in baronial 
splendor, and exercised ho'spitality with a lavish hand. 


Charles Read held many offices under the provincial government. An act of the 
Legislature passed June 2. 1765, empowered John Esfell to erect a dam across the Atsion 
River, at Atsion, and probably in the following year Read erected the Atsion furnace, as 
well as those at Batsto and Taunton, in the same neighborhood. Subsequentlv water was 
brought from Machesautuxen Branch to the Atsion furnace pond, b\- means of S.iiter's Ditch. 
The Atsion furnace was continued by various owners until the supply of bog ore became so 
scarce and the expense of transportation so great that the works were no longer protit.ible. 
Read lived in Evesham, a few miles from Mount Hollv, as e\idenced by the following 
advertisement published in the Pennsylvania Gazette of September 25, 1776 : 

Ten Dollars Reward. — Ran away from the subscriber, living In Evesham, in the county 
of Burlington, on Monday, the gth of September inst., a negro man, named Moses, about 5 
feet 4 inches high, a thick set fellow; had on when he went away, a short light coloured 
coat, with binding of the same colour, a pair of strong new shoes, with large plated buckles, 
homespun linen trowsers, a black stock with steel buckle. He also stole and took with him 
a blue great coat, with white metal buttons ; the other part of his clothes not known. As he 

Stala'art Sires and Sturdy Sons. 87 

has been endeavouring to prevail upon the negroes in this neighbourhood to go with liim. 
and join the ministerial army, it is hoped every lover of his country will endeavour to 
apprehend so daring a villain. Whoever will secure him in any goal lii this State shall be 
entitled to the above reward, with reasonable charges, if brought home, paid by Charles 

As stated, Read was a man of considerable account. He was deputy secretary of the 
province, one of the surrogates for both East and West Jersey, commissioner for New 
Jersey at the Easton conference with the Indians in 1758, and was entrusted with a number 
of otlier positions of honor and profit. He was commissioned a justice of the Supreme 
Court August 17, i75i, and the same day was licensed as an attorney and counsellor, but 

Remains of the Etna Furnace, on Tuckalioe River. 

whether he had ever studied law, or where, does not appear. He was appointed chief 
justice on February 20, 1764, and Frederick Smyth having been commissioned chief justice 
the following October, Read was again appointed an associate justice on November 6, 
1764, and held this office until his removal from New Jersey. About 1773 he made an 
assignment of his propertv for the benefit of his creditors, and went to St. Croix, in the 
West Indies, but soon afterwards located in North Carolina, where he earned on a cijuntry 
store, and died in 1774, in povertv and obscurity. He was related to Colonel Charles Read, 
of the Burlington militia, who wavered in his support of the American cause during the 
Revolution. For many years it was believed that the Read who thus wavered was General 
Joseph Reed, a native of Trenton, and a Revolutionary soldier of some prominence. In 
1876 an accidental discovery by the late Gen. William S. StryUer. of New Jersey, proved 
the utter groundlessness of the accusation against General Reed. The recreant officer was 
Colonel Charles Read, of the Burlington militia. 

88 //eshv/'s Hand- Book. 

The furnace at Batsto, as stated, was established in 1766 by Charles Read, and oper- 
ated by him until his assignment in 1775. Afterwards it became the property of Joseph Ball, 
a weal'thv Philadelphian, whose relative, Col. William Richards, became the manager about 
1784. The business was conducted very successfully by Col. Richards, and at his death in 
1823 his son, Jesse Richards, succeeded as owner and manager. But with the opening of 
the ore mines of Pennsylvania, the iron industry at Batsto and other places along the 
Gloucester-Atlantic-Buriington county line waned and died. After 1850 the works were 
abandoned. Many of the old buildings were burned by fire in 1874, and in 1876 the entire 
Batsto tract was sold under foreclosure to Joseph Wharton, of Philadelphia. Since then 
Mr. Wharton has made some improvements and restored the remaining buildings, in a meas- 
ure, to their former elegance. 

Atsion, at the angle of Gloucester, Atlantic and Burlington Counties, like Batsto. was 
famous for its bog iron furnaces. As late as i8u this furnace made about nine hundred tons 
of castings, and the forge nearly two hundred tons of bar iron annually. This estate, like 
that at Batsto, passed into the hands of the Richards family. The declineof the iron indus- 
try here, as at Batsto, was due to the opening of the mines in Pennsylvania. Manx- of the 
Indians at Edgepelick, three miles distant, were employed as workmen at the Atsion furnace. 

The extent of the iron industry in South Jersey and the manner in which the work 
was performed may be judged by the advertisements which appeared in the newspapers 
about the time ot the Revolution. Many of these might be given, but a few will suffice : 

[Advertisement in the Pennsylvania Evening Post of November 14, 1776. J 

Philad. Nov. lo, 1776. 
Wood cutters wanted at Batsto Furnace, at the Fork of Little Egg-harbour, in West 
New Jersey, where sober, industrious men ma\' make good wages, by cutting pine wood at 
two shillings and six pence per cord, which will be given by the manager of the works, or 
the owner in Philadelphia. 

N. B. Wanted also on freight, a number of shallops to go round to Egg- harbour for iron. 

[Advertisement in the Pennsylvania Journal of May 8, 1776.] 

Manufactured at Batsto furnace, in West New Jersey, and to be sold either at the 
works or by the subscriber, in Philadelphia, a great variety of iron pots, kettles, Dutch 
ovens and oval fish kettles, either with or without covers, skillets of different sizes, being 
much lighter, neater and superior in quality to any imported from Great Britain ; pot ash 
and other large kettles, from 30 to 125 gallons, sugar mill-gudgeons, neatly rounded and 
polished at the ends, grating bars of different lengths, grist-mill rounds, weights of all 
sizes, from 7 lb to 50 lb., Fullers plates, open and close stoves of different sizes, rag-wheel 
irons for saw mills, pestles and mortars, sash weights and forge hammers of the best qual- 
ity. Also Batsto pig iron as usual, the quality of which is too well known to need any 
recommendation. JOHN Co.x. 

[Advertisement in 1777. J 

Mountholly, in New Jersey, June 2?, 1777 

Wanted at Batsto and Mountholly iron works, a number of labourers, colliers and 
nailers, and two or three experienced forgemen, to whom constant employ and the best 
w.r^es will be .L;i\en. Four shillings per cord will be paid for cutting pine and maple wood. 
For furtlu-r information appiv to Mr. William Cox, at Col. Cox's counting room, in Arcli 
street, Philadelphia, or to Mr, Joseph Ball, manager, at Batsto, or to the subscriber at 
Mountholly. Richard Price. 

N. B. The workmen at these works are by a law of this state exempt from military 

The law referred to in the above advertisement was passed by the General Assemblv 
in session at Haddonfield on June 5, 1777. Inasmuch as the furnaces at Batsto and the 
forge and rolling mill at Mount Holly supplied to the army and navy of the United States 
cannon shot, camp kettles, as well as castings for the salt works, John Cox. proprietor of 
the works, presented a memorial to the Legislature that fifty men be exempt from military 
duty. The act provided for the organization of a company of iron workers, not exceeding 
fifty, under the command of a captain and two lieutenants to be named by John Cox and 
commissioned by the Governor of New Jersey. 

The Weymouth Iron Works, located on the Great Egg Harbor River, six miles above 
Mayslanding, were built about 1800 b>- Joseph Ball. Charles Shoemaker and two practical 
iron workers, named Duberson and Ashbridge. These works consisted of an iron forge, 
a furnace and a saw mill. The output consisted of stoves, cannon, cannon balls and pipes 
of all sizes, from i}4 to 20 inches in diameter. A number of the cannon made at these works 
were used in the war of 1812. 

Walker's forge was situated in Weymouth Township. Atlantic County, three miles 
from Mayslanding. This forge was not in existence in the time of the Revolution, but was 
established many years afterwards (about 1816) by Lewis M. Walker, who came to New 
Jersey from Pennsylvania in 1811. At first he was superintendent for Joseph Ball at the 
Batsto iron works, and resigned to establish a plant of his own on South River, near Mays- 
landing. He built a saw mill and iron forge and became a successful business man. 

Other iron works, erected about the time of those at Batsto or Weymouth, were 
the Etna works, on Tuckahoe River, the works at Mayslanding, Atlantic County, and those 

Sla/7cart Sires and Sfurdy Sons. 89 

at Martha. Washington and Gloucester, in Burlington County. All of tliese works were 
successfully operated for many years, or until about 1850. 

The old forge at We> mouth was accidently destroyed by fire in 1862 and the foundry 
three years later. In 1886 Stephen Colwell built a paper mill near the site of the old forge 
and furnace, and he or liis successors manufactured considerable quantities of manila paper 
for twenty-one years, or until 1887, when the mill was closed permanently. This mill was 
built of stone. A second mill was erected of wood in 1869, and this being burned in 1876, was 
rebuilt of stone. 

<) d 4 

Five miles from Batsto may be seen a heap of crumbling timbers and 
masonry, marking the site of the old Washington Tavern, the most 
famous of those wayside inns so numerous throughout South Jersey in the 
old stage coaching days. The historic structure was originally a farm- 
house, but when built or by whom is now unknown. 
A Deserted 'About the beginning of the Revolution it was transformed 
Wayside Inn. into a tavern, bearing on its sign a rudely painted portrait 
of Washington, encircled by a wreath of laurel and in- 
scribed " Our country must be free." 

Here, when the daily toil was over, the hardy laborers of that region 
— teamsters, woodmen and iron workers — were wont to assemble and 
discuss the topics of the day. Among the most frequent visitors were the 
recruiting sergeants of the Continental Army. Arrayed in a bright new 
uniform, the spruce official would march into the bar room and call all 
hands up to drink. He would then launch forth in a spirited harangue 
describing the glories of a military life, and finish by calling for volunteers. 
1 he young men of the party were generally prompt to respond. 

Some years later, when the theatre of war was shifted to the Southern 
States and the military operations of the North consisted mainly in par- 
tisan raids and occasional skirmishes, the Washington Tavern became 
headquarters for the Committee of Public Safet\- and a rendezvous for the 
local militia. The country at that period was infested by predatory bands 
of royalists who proved a great source of annoyance to the patriotic resi- 
dents. Whenever there was information of a Tory raid, the Committee of 
Safety was convoked and the militia called out to repel the marauders. 


Bv the time the war was over and the forces of King George were recalled, the old 
Washington tavern had acquired a reputation which insured it a liberal patronage for 
nearlv three-quarters of a centurv. But when the market wagon and mail coach were 
superseded bv the iron horse, the freight and travel went to the railroad, the guests 
departed and the old hostelry again became the dwelling place of a farmer. After serving 
as such for a time it was abandoned, and finally fell in ruins. 

During the last quarter of a century or more Batsto has undergone many changes. 
Its manufacturing industries have disappeared, and it is now an agricultural community, 
A correspondent of the Toms River Courier, under date of December 18, 1866, says : 

" In passing through the vi Mage of Batsto, a few days ago, I took a notion to examine 
the ruins of the old iron furnace, that stands at the north entrance of the village. This old 
relic was built in 1766, just one hundred years ago. The old furnaces and forges have 
passed away, and glass houses, grist and" saw mills, paper manufactories, &c., have taken 
their place Batsto at present is under the patriarchal supervision of Thomas Richards, 
one of the owners, and boasts of two saw mills, one grist mill and a large window glass 
factor v." 

d 4 4 

The colonial records of Atlantic Countv would be incomplete without 

mention of James Dovle, who achieved distinction as a scout during the 

Revolution. He was born in 175^, and was the youngest of 

James Doyle, six brothers, all of whom served in the Continental army. 

the Scout. He was of gigantic stature and perfectly fearless. When 

duty called he was always ready. At Flatbush and White 

Plains, on the toilsome retreat through New Jersey, in the memorable 


He s ton ' i' Ha n d- Book. 

passage across the Delaware, and the subsequent battles of Trenton and 
Princeton, he was ever at the front. 

The campaign of 1777 had closed, the British army was master of 
Philadelphia, and the Americans had taken up their winter quarters at 
Valley Forge. Doyle was continually devising schemes to annoy the foe. 
Under various disguises he entered th'e British lines and gathered intel- 
ligence of great importance to the Colonial cause. 

The stores of Philadelphia had been seized by the king's troops, and 
the patriotic residents were compelled to obtain the necessities of life, 
particularly flour, from Bristol, nineteen miles distant. Even this was a 
matter of difficulty, as the British had posted guards along Vine Street as 
far west as the Schuvlkill, and beyond these, toward Frankford, were 

stationed the picket guards. A poor woman, whose husband was at 
Valley Forge, had exhausted her stock of provisions, and being unable to 
get a pass, she managed to elude the guards and reach Bristol Mills, where 
she obtained about twenty pounds of flour, and then set out on her return 
to Philadelphia. She had passed the picket line and was almost home, 
with her children, when the stern voice of a British sentinel commanded her 
to halt. The woman, with tears in her eyes, stated her case to the soldier, 
told him of her long journey, of her hungry children, and begged that he 
would permit her to pass on. 

" Off, you d— d hussy," replied the brutal red-coat. " This flour is 
mine, and your rebel brats shall have none of it ; " and snatching the sack 
from her hands, he flung it to the ground. The woman remonstrated and 
while berating the sentinel for his ungallantry, a tall man appeared and 
faced the sentinel. The stranger was James Doyle. " For heaven's 

Stalwart Sires and Sturdy Sons. 


sake," said he, "let the poor woman have her tlour ; remember the 
distance she has walked ; think of her little ones." 

"Who the d— 1 are you, anyway?" growled the guard. "Begone, 
or by G— d I'll have you in the guardhouse." " Never," cried Dovle. 
" I'm James Doyle, the sworn enemy of vour infernal gang. Molest this 
woman further and I'll punish you." The guard attempted to use his 
gun, but a well-directed blow felled him to the ground senseless. 
" Madam," said our hero, addressing the terrified female, " now is your 
chance, take your flour, pass Vine street and you are safe. The country 
is swarming with red-coats and I must look out for mvself." 

Hastily speaking her thanks, the woman hurried awav, passed Vine 
street in safety and was soon with her children. Meanwhile the British 

were pursuing Doyle, who ran toward the Delaware. Behind him were 
the pursuers. Northward were the Frankford pickets, and on his right 
lay the city with its British garrison. He reached the river and plunged 
in, seeing no other means of escape. A volle\' of balls whistled after him 
and several boat loads of men started in pursuit, but the strong arms of the 
swimmer carried him safelv over and gaining the Jerse\ side, he was off 
again, with the speed of a deer. A day or two later he re-appeared in Egg 
Harbor and became a terror to the Tories thereabout. 

Doyle took an active part in all the succeeding campaigns, and at the 
close of the war returned to the plough on his Jersey farm, poor in purse, 
but rich in renown. For a while his duties on the farm proved irksome, 
and he often wished for the stirring scenes of martial life, but in time these 
desires passed away, and he settled down into a plain, thrifty farmer, con- 
tent to fight his battles over in social gossip among friends. 

Exploit of Commander Somers. 

NE of the earliest settlers in Atlantic County was John Somers, 
who was born in Worcester, England, about the year 1640. 
Worcester was also the home of Lord Chancellor John Som- 
ers, with whom the immigrant John Somers wascotemporary, 
and to whom, also, he was distantly related. The Somers 
family were tiie owners of a dissolved nunnery called the 
White Ladies, situated a short distance beyond the walls of Worcester. 
After the expulsion of the nuns the dormitory and refectory were fitted up 
as a modern mansion. This property was granted to the Somers family 
at the time of the Reformation, and 
here they received Queen Elizabeth in 
1585 ; the bed in which she slept and the 
cup from which she drank being preserved 
bv them as precious relics, even after they 
had joined the Whig party. 

Religious sentiments divided the Som- 
ers family in England. John Somers, the 
immigrant, became a follower of George 
Fox. and cast his fortune with the settlers 
in the land of Penn, whence he embarked 
[681 or 1682. He had been previously 
married, and his wife died in childbiith 
during the passage across the Atlantic. 
Both mother and child were buried in mid- 
ocean. He subsequently married Hann;ih 
Hodgkins, also a native' of Worcester. 

At what period John Somers located at 
Somerset Plantation, as Somers' Point was 
then called, is not definitely known, the 
earliest record being that " at the first court 
held at Portsmouth, Cape May County, 
March 20, 1693, John Somers was appoint- 
ed supervisor of the roads and constable for 
Great Egg Harbour." He had previously 
moved from Dublin, Pa., and remained a 
member of the Dublin Meeting long after 
his settlement at Egg Harbor. He pur- 
chased 30C0 acres of land of Thomas Budd 
in i6c)5. This same Budd was the original 
owner of most of the land and beaches in 
the eastern part of Atlantic County. The 
history of Absecon dates from i6q!;, when 
Budd disposed of large tracts of land to 
actual settlers. Each of his deeds had this 
clause inserted: "With the privilege of 
cutting cedar and commomidge for cattell, 
etc., on ye swamps and beaches laid out by ye said Thomas Budd for 
commons." The exaction of these privileges at this date would cause 



•i ' 


Exploit of Coiiiiiidudcr So/zicrs. 93 

much trouble, as a large part of the built-up portion ot Atlantic City 
stands upon one of the surveys of Thomas Budd. 

Beneath the escarpments of Tripoli, lulled in their everlasting sleep by 
the song of the sea, are the bones of Richard Somers, American patrio't 
and hero. Within the grounds of the Naval Academy at Annapolis is a 
monument which perpetuates his name, and in the old family burial ground 
near Somers' Point, enclosed by a brick wall, is a cenotaph, whereon is 
chiseled : 







He perished in tlie 25th year of his age, in the ketch 
Intrepid, in the memorable attempt to destroy the Turkish 
flotilla, in the harbor of Tripoli, on the night of the 4th of 
September, 1804. 



" Pi o Pallia non liiuidiis iiioii." 

But the valor and the virtue of Captain Somers can not be told by 
sculptured urn or storied monument. These are but symbols of national of 
family pride — memorials for the living rather than of the dead. 

Richard Somers, " Master Commandant in the Navy of the United 
States," was the son of Colonel Richard Somers, a Revolutionary soldier, 
grandson of Richard Somers (born March t, 1693) and great gra'ndson of 
John Somers. the immigrant. Commander Richard Somers was therefore 
the third of that name in the family, and was born at Somers' Point, as 
above stated. He went to sea when quite a youth, after an academic 
education at Burlington. He joined the American Navy in its infancy, 
receiving his warrant as a midshipman in the spring of 1798, and soon 
became distinguished for great courage. • He was intimately associated 
with Charles Stewart and James Lawrence, both Jerseymen, one a resident 
of Bordentown and the other a native of Burlington,"who were also con- 
spicuously identified with the American Navy early in the present centurv. 

Stewart earned for himself, as commander of the Constitution, the 
soubriquet of *'Old Ironsides," and Lawrence, while wounded and dying 
off Boston in 181 3, gave the order, " Don't give up the ship," which has 
since become the watchword of the American Navy. 


On the morning of May 19. 1776, Captain Mugford, of the armed schooner Franklin, 
after seeing a prize ship of three hundred tons, mounted with six carriage guns, safe in 
Boston harbor, was going out again, accompanied by the Lady Washington, Captain 
Cunningham, when he was attacked bv thirteen boat loads of the enemy, man\- of them 
armed with swivels, and having on board, at the lowest calculation, two hundred men. The 
Franklin's crew, including Captain Mugford, numbered twenty-one, and that of the Lad\- 
Washington, six besides the captain. The Franklin and Lady Washington sunk five of 
the enemy's boats, when the crews of the other eight attempted to board the Franklin. A 
number of them had their hands cut off as they laid them over the gunwale. Captain 
Mugford, making a blow at the enemv with his cutlass, received a wound in the breast. 
Falling upon the deck, he called to his lieutenant : " I am a dead man, but don't give up the 
vessel." An account of this fight, and the dying words of the brave Mugford, is given in 
the Pennsylvania Evening Post of June i, 1776, thirty-seven years before Lawrence uttered 
his memorable words, "Don't give up the ship!" Another account is given in Frank 
Moore's " Diary of the Revolution," under date of May 23. 1776. 

g^ Hestons Hand-Book. 

Of sterner stuff, perhaps, than any of these, was Richard Somers, 
whose exploit in the harbor of Tripoli demanded equal courage and greater 
sacrifice than that of Decatur, which Nelson pronounced the 
Somers, '* most daring act of the age." Between Somers and Decatur 
the Hero, there was a singularly loving friendship. The character of 
Somers was also much admired by Washington, and as a spe- 
cial token of his admiration he presented Somers with a ring, containing a 
lock of his hair. This ring is now in the possession of the Leaming family, 
of Cape May, descendants of Constant Somers, brother of the naval hero. 
There are but three locks of Washington's hair now in existence, one of 
which is the property of Richmond Lodge, No. 4, A. F. A. M. Another 
belongs to the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts and the third is the ring 
given to Richard Somers. now owned by the Leaming family. 

Of the grandmother of Commander Somers we are told that during 
the early part of the eighteenth century the widow of Sir James Letart, a 
native of Acadia, came to reside in Philadelphia. She was the mother of 
several children, one of whom, a daughter, was adopted by a wealthy gen- 
tleman named Peter White, who subsequently moved to Absecon. It was 
here that Miss Judith Letart White, a very Evangeline for beauty and 
devotion, won the heart and became the wife of the first Richard Somers, 
at the early age of fifteen. Of their nine children, the second was the 
father of Captain Somers. He was colonel of the Egg Harbor militia, 
judge of the court and member of the Provincial Legislature. He was par- 
ticularly obnoxious to the British and Tories during the Revolution, and 
Atlantic County being much exposed to depredations by the enemy, he was 
induced to remove to Philadelphia for protection. Heremained here until 
near the time of his death in 1794. The house in which Commander Somers, 
the hero, was born, at Somers' Point, is still standing. The only picture of 
the hero now extant is a silhouette, with his signature underneath. 

Somers was promoted to a lieutenancy in the spring of 1799, anJ was 
subsequently placed in command of the Nautilus. This was in the spring 
of 1803. The Mediterranean Squadron, which sailed in the summer and 
autumn of 1803, was that which became so celebrated under the orders of 
Commodore Preble. It consisted of the Constitution, the Philadelphia, the 
Argus, the Vixen, the Enterprise and the Nautilus. These vessels did not 
proceed to their station in squadron, but sailed away for the Mediterranean 
as they were ready, being ordered to the Mediterranean to subdue the 
Tripolitans. who persisted in exacting tribute of the American merchant 
marine. After settling a similar difficulty with Morocco, without any waste 
of powder. Commodore Preble, in command of the squadron, declared the 
blockade of Tripoli, before which he believed the frigates Philadelphia and 
Vixen were then cruising, though, unknown to him, the former had run 
upon the rocks and had been captured by the enemy. Commodore Bain- 
bridge and crew being then prisoners of war. Somers, Lawrence and 
Bainbridge were all Jerseymen by birth and education, Decatur by education 
and Stewart by adoption. 

On September 3, 1804, a fourth and last attack was made on Tripoli. 

Preble sent Decatur and Somers, with gunboats, covered with brigs and 

schooners, into the harbor's mouth, while the ketches bombarded more to 

leeward. On this occasion Somers was desperately en- 

Fighting gaged for more than an hour, pressing the enemy into his 

Before Tripoli, own port. Somers' gunboat was smaller than any one of 

those of the enemy, but so true was the fire that'not one 

of them succeeded in getting alongside of him to board. 

They were all bearing straight down upon the rocks, and Somers 
could not spare enough men from the guns to man his sweeps. Preble, on 

City Hall— Erected 1901— Cost of Building and Furniture, $135,000. 

Exploit of Commander Sonicrs. 95 

the Constitution, saw his danger and, coming up in time, sent a broadside 
of grape among the pirates, who got out their sweeps and retreated when 
one united attack would have made the victory theirs. As the\' drew off, 
instead of returning to the Constitution, as Preble wished, Somers pursued 
them until within less than a cable's length of a twelve-gun battery, which 
had not tired before for fear of damaging the fleeing Tripolitans.' When 
she opened tire at this close range the destruction of Somers' valiant 
little vessel seemed inevitable ; but by a lucky chance a bomb exploded in 
the battery, blew up the platform, and drove the Tripolitans to cover. 
d d d 

The arrival of reinforcements had been expected in vain for several 
weeks. Somers finally conceived a plan for destroying the enemy's tlotilla 
as it lay at anchor in the harbor. A ketch that had been captured from 
the Tripolitans by Decatur was in the squadron, and had been rechristened 
the Intrepid, for'the brilliant occasion on which she had been used, when 
Decatur recaptured and destroyed the Philadelphia. Somers proposed to 
fit up the ketch in the dual capacity of fire ship and infernal, take her into 
the harbor of Tripoli, and there explode her in the midst of the Tripolitan 
vessels. The panic created by such an assault, in the dead of night, it 
was hoped, would produce peace and the liberation of Bainbridge and his 
crew. Somers, after some difficulty, secured the permission of Preble to 
engage in this hazardous undertaking. 

Preble repeatedly warned the voung officer of the desperate character of 
the work, and told him that on account of the Napoleonic wars the Tripolitans 
were short of ammunition, and that so much powder must not fall into the 
hands of the enemv. But Somers needed no warning. On the deck of 
the ketch, around the mast and over the magazine was piled a quantity 
of shells of different sizes, and in the hold was placed 1500 pounds of 
powder. Notwithstanding the desperate character of the service, so great 
was their devotion to Somers, that every man on board of the Nautilus 
offered to engage in it. This compelled him to make a selection, and after 
consultation with Preble, he selected four men from the Nautilus and six 
from the Constitution, which, with Lieutenant Henrv Wadsworth, of the 
Constitution, an uncle of the poet, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and 
Somers himself, made up the complement of twelve men who were per- 
mitted to engage in an undertaking which was likely to cost them their 
lives. Midshipman Joseph Israel, familiarly known as Pickle Israel, 
and recently promoted to a lieutenancy, with the assistance of Q)uarter- 
master Daniel Dixon, as he afterwards confessed, eluded the eye ot 
his superior and was found on board one of the lifeboats accompany- 
ing the ketch, under a tarpaulin, after Somers had started on his errand of 

The ten seamen were James Simms, Thomas Tompline, James Harris, 
and William Keith, of the Nautilus ; William Harrison, Robert Clark, Hugh 
McCormick, Jacob Williams, Peter Penner and Isaac W. Downes, ot the 
Constitution. These men were all Pennsylvanians and Jerseymen. All 
told, thev numbered thirteen— alas ! unlucky number! 

On "the afternoon of September 4th Somers was ready to take the 
ketch into the harbor He pointed out the desperate character of the ser- 
vice to the men, and said he wished no man to go who would not prefer 
being blown up to being taken by the enemy ; that such was his own deter- 
mination and he wished all who were with him to be of the same mind. It 
was said, bv those who witnessed the scene, that in reply each man asked 
the privilege of applying the match to the fuse. Stewart and Decatur 
visited Somers before'he got away. The latter took from his finger a ring 
and broke it into three pieces, giving each of his friends a piece and retaining 


Hesto iC s Ha n d- Book . 

one himself. He also handed to Decatur a sealed envelope wherein was 
his will, and a personal note to Decatur, which read as follows : 

" Herein is my will, which I charge you to see executed, if I should never come back 
For yourself, dear Decatur, I have no words that 1 can write. To other men I may express 
my affection, and ask their forgiveness for any injury I have done them ; but between you 
arid me, there is nothing to forgive — only the remembrance of brotherhood ever since we 
were boys." 


■r^z ^•■jJX.'^^ 

Monument to Somers and others at Annapolis. 

At nine o'clock that night all was ready and the Intrepid was started 
for the harbor in the tow of two lifeboats, manned by ten seamen, with 
muffled oars. Stewart and Decatur, in their vessels, followed the ketch as 
far in the ofting as was prudent. Midshipman Ridglev, on the Nautilus, 


Exploit of Com))iandcr Somcrs. gy 

by the aid of a powerful night-glass aloft, managed to follow her until she 
got well within the harbor, and then she vanished. . . . The suspense 
soon became almost unbearable, tor not a shot had been tired, and not a 
sound came from the direction in which she had gone. About nine o'clock a 
half dozen cannon shots could be plainly heard, and even the knowledge that 
she had been discovered and was being t'lred on was a relief from the awful 
silence. About ten o'clock Stewart was standing at the gangway of the 
Siren with Lieutenant Carrol, when the latter, craning his neck out into the 
night, suddenly exclaimed, " Look ! See the light ! " 

Awa\- up the harbor Stewart saw a speck of light, as if from a lantern 
which moved rapidly as though it were being carried by some one running 
along a deck.' Then it paused and disappeared from view. In a second a 
tremendous flame shot up hundreds of feet into the air, and the glare of it 
was so intense that it seemed close aboard. The flash and shock were 
so stupendous that the guardships, though far out to sea, trembled and 

The officers and men looked at one another in mute horror. Could 
anything have lived in the area of that dreadful explosion? The tension 
upon the men of the little fleet was almost at the breaking point. 

The vessels beat to and fro between the harbor entrances, firing rock- 
ets and guns for the guidance of possible fugitives. All night the fleet kept 
vigil, but not a shot nor a voice nor even a splash came out from the harbor. 

With the first streaks of dawn the Americans were aloft with their 
glasses. On the rocks at the northern entrance through which the Intrepid 
had passed they saw a mast and fragments of vessels. One of the 
enemy's largest' gunboats had disappeared, and two others were so badly 
shattered that they lay upon the shore. 

The details of the occurrence were never actually known. Somers was 
a man capable of any sacrifice for the honor and welfare of his country. 
Being discovered and" in danger of capture, he may have ordered the match 
applied to the magazine, and thus sacrificed his own life and the lives of 
his men, to keep from the enemy the means of prolonging the war. The 
whole was over in less than a minute — the flame, the quaking of towers, 
the reeling of ships and the bursting of shells. No one ever came back 
from the ill-fated Intrepid to tell the storv of ihe explosion. 

The late Dr. J. B. Somers, of Linwbod, N. J., in a letter to the writer, 
under date of October 25, 1895, says: 

" I do not think the facts will warrant the conclusion that he (Richard 
Somers) blew himself up, although this was the popular opinion at the 
time, based upon the reports of the commodore. He had signified his inten- 
tion to do so, rather than allow so great a quantity of powder to fall into the 
hands of the enemy, but to do so without the occasion warranting it would 
indicate a rashness foreign to everything we know of his character. The 
account of their boat being surrounded and boarded by Tripolitans is all a 
mvth. Many of the discrepancies arise from the statements made by his 
sister, Mrs. Sarah Somers Keen, in her later years, when dementia had 
begun its work. 1 have tried by corresponding with the Episcopal minister 
at Burlington to have some matters straightened out, but to no avail. I 
have also corresponded with the Bainbridges, McDonoughs, etc.. but they 
think Decatur's friends captured most of the glorv for him." 

Commodore Preble, in his official report, alluding to the men on the 
Intrepid, said " thev were officers ot conspicuous bravery, talent and merit." 
The bashaw offered a dollar for each body recovered from the water, and 
within two days the entire thirteen were" recovered. Two bodies, those 
of officers, were found in the bottom of the ketch, which had drifted among 
the rocks. The six-oared boat drifted on the beach and one body was 


Heston' s Hand-Book. 

found in this. Six more bodies were found on the shore southward of the 
city and the remaining four were discovered floating in the harbor. Cap- 
tain Bainbridge, at that time a prisoner in Tripoli, saw the two bodies 
found in the ketch and the four floating in the harbor, and he described 
ihem as being " so much disfigured that it was impossible to recognize any 
human feature, or even distinguish an officer from a seaman." Surgeon's 
mate Cowdery, another prisoner, however, selected three of these men as 
officers, being guided by some fragments of dress remaining on the bodies 
and by the delicate appearance of the hands. The ten seamen were buried 
on the beach, outside the town, while the three officers — Somers, Wads- 
worth and Picl<le— were interred in Ihe same grave, " about a cable's length 
to the southward and eastward of the castle." Small stones were placed 
at the four corners of this last grave to marl< its site, but they were shortly 
afterwards removed by the Tripolitans, who objected to the disfiguring of 
their land with a Christian monument. 

Congress passed a resolution of condolence and erected a monument at 
the navy yard in Washington in honor of these heroes. At the burning of 
that city, "in 1814, this monument was very much defaced. Subsequently 
it was restored and removed to the west front of the capitol, whence it was 
transferred, in i860, to the grounds of the Naval Academy at Annapolis. 

A Relic of the Revolution— Cabin of General Doughty, on 
the Mainland. 


I ^M 








Daniel Leeds and his Almanac. 

ANIEL LEEDS, as early as i68g, made surveys near the mouth 
of the Mullica River, which surveys were confirmed by grants 
from the proprietary council of West Jersey, and subsequently 
the place on the south side of the river was called Leeds' Point, 
in his honor. From the records in the surveyor-general's 
office at Burlington, it appears that Leeds came to West Jersey 
In the ship Shield, Daniel Lowes, master, in October, 1678, she being 
the first vessel that had ascended the Delaware as far as Burlington. He 
was one of the noted men among tlie first settlers, a man of considerable 
learning for his time, and the first surveyor-general of West Jersey, receiv- 
ing his appointment in 1681. He was also a member of the Assembly in 

In 1702, when the proprietors surrendered their rights to Queen Anne, 
she appointed her cousin, Edward Hyde (Lord Cornbury), Governor of 
New York and New Jersey, and notified him to repair with all convenient 
speed to America, and call together certain persons who were to constitute 
his Council, two of whom were Thomas Revell and Daniel Leeds. They 
proved to be the leading members of the New Jersey Council, until Corn- 
bury was succeeded by Governor Lovelace in 1708. 

Lord Cornbury was one of the most tyrannical and arbitrary rulers 
New Jersey ever had, and in his acts of usurpation he was assisted by 
Thomas Revell and Daniel Leeds. So unsatisfactory was his administra- 
tion that he was opposed by a majority of the members 
Leeds and of the Assembly of 1707. Revell and Leeds refused to 
Lord Cornbury. administer the 'oath of office to three of the members 
opposed to the Governor— Thomas Lambert, Thomas 
Gardner and Joshua Wright— and addressed a letter to the Assemblv, 
endeavoring to convince that body that these three men were not entitled to 
their seats, not possessing each one thousand acres of land, a claim which 
proved to be entirely untrue and without foundation. Nevertheless, they 
were kept out of their seats for a period of " nigh eleven months," whereby 
the Governor's party gained a majority of one in the Assembly. Revell 
and Leeds also petitioned the Crown for the retention of Lord Cornbury. 
This was couched in eloquent language. They enlarged upon his virtues 
and covered his faults with the eloquence of their praise. But the people 
were so thoroughly aroused, their appeals so earnest, and their condemna- 
tion so strong that the Queen could not refuse their prayers. She com- 
missioned Lord Lovelace as Governor on April 19, 1708. 

William Penn recognized the abilitv of Leeds, but questioned some of 
his methods, and writing to William 'Popple, Secretary of the Lords of 
Trade, at London, in 1708, he said : 

"I am of the opinion that leaving Thomas Revell and Daniel Leeds out of the 
Council will tend more to the public quiet and the satisfaction of ye people of those parts, 
which I take to be of moment at this time, on divers accounts. One Keeble, that is to be 
with ye Lords, knows them both. Pray ask him." 

In 1686, Daniel Leeds began the publication of an almanac in Phila- 
delphia. William Bradford established the first printing press in that citv 
in 1685, being the third in the colonies. The first publication from his 
press was in 1685, being an almanac for 1686, by Samuel Atkins, called 


Daniel Leeds and His Abnanac. loi 

" Kalendarium Pennsylvaniense." It was not the first almanac published 
in the colonies. A copy of it sold in New York, in 1882, for $555. The 
next vear (1686) Daniel Leeds was the editor and compiler of an almanac 
for the year 1687, the printer being William Bradford. From some of 
these almanacs, which are still in existence, a few quaint and historical 
extracts are made : 

" 1706.— ' Daniel Leeds, the compiler of the Almanack, lives in Egg Harbour, New 
Jersey, and he attributes many of the errors in the printing to his distance from the work 
and tlie illness-of Bradford, who had to entrust an apprentice with the work.' " 
" 1712. — ' The author ne'er was Learned to attain, 

Neither to Arts or a Poetic strain. 

You must expect from him but homespun Rhimes, 

Nor was he bred or taught to Court the Times. 

His father did a poor Mechanick live. 

And Learning him could not afford to give. 

And yet the Heraulds in their Books express, 

That he descended is from nothing less 

Than of a Gentleman from Leeds in Kent. 

His Coat of Arms may tell what's thereby meant. 

Which beareth Argent a Fess Quels between 

Three Eagles Sable, and displayed there seen.' " 
" i7r4. — ' Courteous Reader : It is now 27 years that 1 have supplied my countrymen 
with a Diary gratis; and growing every year older and older, have had an intent for some 
years past to leave it to others to supply ; but that my friends have prevailed upon me, till 
now that I have a Son whose natural Inclination leads him to Science Mathematical, in so 
much that though he is not vet sixteen years of age, he has calculated the Planets' Places 
from Wing's Astronoma Britanica, and taken their Aspects, and Calculated the Great 
Eclipse of the Moon to be in May next, and performed all the Mathematical part of this 
Almanack himself. Wherefore I liave acquitted myself of this work, and leave it to him, 
not doubting that he will perform his Annual Service to the satisfaction of the Publick. 
And 1 hope vou will not take it amiss if I confess that he, being so young, I have given my 
assistance in other matters, and while he lives with me shall not be wanting. I think I 
need say no more, only ^11 happiness attend us 

And all good fortune mend us. 

Neither the Leeds nor the Atkins almanac was the first in America, though some 
writers have so stated. The first in the colonies appeared at Cambridge, Mass., in i6jq, 
and was called "An Almanack, Calculated for New England," by William Pierce, mariner. 
It was printed bv Stephen Dave. The first Boston almanac was published by John Foster 
in 1676. In 1697' J. Clapp published an almanac in New York. Beginning with 1700 Samuel 
Clough published the New England Almanac at Boston for eight years. It bore the tra- 
ditional wood cut, professing to show what parts of a man's body are governed by the 
moon, etc. Nathaniel Ames, physician and inn keeper, published at Boston for thirt\-six 
years— 1745 to 1779— what has been considered by some the best almanac in the thirteen 
colonies. In outward appearance it resembled works which, under the name of almanacs, 
are now published by owners of patent medicines. The figure of a nude man, with fishes 
and rams, twins and scorpions, about him was wanting;, but instead there was the rude cut 
of the solar system. Excepting the Bible, over or under which it often hung, the almanac 
was the most used and best read hook in the country farm-house. To destroy one was a 
piece of vandalism ; consequentiv, numbers of them accumulated in the homes of the 
farmers, sometimes covering a period of fifty years. Many of these have been handed 
down to the present generation, and others are found on the shelves of old book stores, 
where they command good prices. These almanacs were the diaries and account books, 
the calendars and journals, the jest book and receipt book, the encyclopedia and household 
book of poetry and wit. Down the margins of some and on the blank pages of others, 
wherever room could be found, were written all manner of notes and comments. One has 
been preserved in which the owner recorded the weight of his hogs, the yield of his turnip 
patch, who dined with him and who supped with him, who helped him with his work, what 
occurred on election day, in what a huff the hired help went off— in short, all the petty 
events of his every-day life. 

Daniel Leeds' son, Titan Leeds, continued the publication of the alma- 
nac for some years thereafter. The elder Leeds died in 1720, in the sixtv- 
eighth vear of his age. He was married three times, 
Leeds Denounces and left nine children. After the death of his second 
the Quakers. wife, he severed his connection with the Society of 
Friends and published a pamphlet denouncing the acts 
of his former religious associates. Allibone speaks of him as the earliest 

I02 Heston'' s Hand- Book. 

author in the Province of Pennsylvania. This lapse is probably due to the 
fact that his works were published in Philadelphia. Leeds was always a 

Titan Leeds afterwards became sheriff of Burlington County, and in 
the Pennsylvania Gazette of November 10-13, 172Q, we read that he was 
an important witness for the defense in the trial of James 
An Incident Burnside, an irishman with the " brogue on his tongue," who 
at Court. was condemned to death on account of a certain love affair 
of his with a widow named Anne Eastworthy. The account 
savs : " The Prisoner made little defence of himself ; but'having Counsel 
allowed by the lenity of the Court, several witnesses were called," and this 
counsel offered to " prove that the said Anne Eastworthy had been an 
infamous woman, but that not being allowed by the Court, and after a 
Trval of about four Hours, the Jury brought him in Guilty, and sentenced 
him to death, but the next day his counsel secured an arrest of judgment 
on account of a flaw in the indictment." Luckily for Burnside, perhaps 
with the assistance of Leeds, he " broke out of the' gaol at Burlington, on 
the 17th of December, 1729, about one of the clock in the morning," as 
appears by a statement in the American Mercury of December 23, 1729. 
There is no further record of what became of Burnside and the Widow 
Eastworthy. Perhaps he did what our Leeds' Point astronomer swore at 
the trial he offered to do — " make it up with her." 


The word "Almanac " comes from the Arabic "Al Manah '' namely, "the sun dial " 
Friar Roger Bacon, of gunpowder fame, first used it in his " Magnum Opus," Anno Domini 
1267. The earliest printed almanac was that of the astronomer and astrologer, Purbach, 
published at Vienna in 1457. Continuous calendar almanacs were inaugurated by Engel of 
Vienna in 1491. and to Nostrodamus, the notorious "magician," is due the discredit of 
having introduced so-called "prophecies" as an essential part of these publications. In 
England, until 1779, almanacs were the monopoly of the Stationers' Company, and miser- 
able impostures they invariably were. 

Joseph Taylor, the poet and printer, a rival to the long-bearded and gluttonous 
Samuel Keimer, whom Franklin amusingly describes in his autobiography, was well known 
as an almanac maker. It was not, however, until Franklin himself took the field that by 
far the best almanac of the eighteenth century was edited by "Richard Saunders, Philo- 
mat," and printed and sold by the young printer. In none of the many things that Franklin 
wrote during his long life is his fiumor more effective than in his annual personation of 
Saunders or Poor Richard. In his easy, familiar style, in his knack of commanding atten- 
tion and in his intuitive knowledge of the local life around him, he had much of the instinct 
and the equipment of a modern newspaperman. He was about twenty-six years old when 
he began to take on the character of Poor Richard, and he was fifty-one when he abandoned 
it, after it had become literally a household word up and down the land. 


The influence of Poor Richard was prodigious. No other work has done more to 
impress upon the American people the precepts of frugality and thrift. Franklin says in 
his autobiography : 

" I filled all the little spaces that occurred between the remarkable days in the calen- 
dar with proverbial sentences such as inculcated industry and frugality as the means of 
procuring wealth and thereby securing virtue, it being more difficult for a man in want to 
act always honestly, as, to use here one of those proverbs, it is hard for an empty sack to 
stand upright." 

The successor of " Poor Richard " in Philadelphia was " Father Abraham," but none 
of his imitators was ever able to rival him in his homely wit. The fact is most of the 
almanacs long afterward were chiefly confined to the lunations, eclipses, the rising and 
setting of the sun and moon, the movements of the tides, together with household recipes, 
coarse jests, broad advice regarding the conjugal relation, guesses at the weather for each 
day of the next twelvemonth, and not a little superstitious nonsense. 


Around and About. 

Condensed Historical and General Information about Atlantic City, 
Alphabetically Arranged. 

Ijriltlantis Club. — This social club of gentlemen was organized on March 
mi 4, iSqq. The club house is on Illinois avenue between Atlantic and 
Pacific. The membership is limited to two hundred. 

Amusements. — Young's Pier, foot of Tennessee avenue; Academy 
of Music, Boardwalk near New York avenue (destroyed by fire April 3, 
1CJ02, now being rebuilt); Empire Theatre, Atlantic avenue near Kentucky. 

imianks.— In Atlantic Citv there are four national banks where letters of 
ILSl credit mav be made payable— the Atlantic City National Bank, the 
Second National Bank, the Union National Bank and the Chelsea National 
Bank. There are also two trust companies— the Atlantic Safe Deposit and 
Trust Co. and the Guarantee Trust Co. 

Baptist Church. — This edifice, on Pacific avenue, was completed in 
July, 1882, and enlarged and improved in 1893. It is a neat structure, 
capable of seating about five hundred. The seats are arranged in amphi- 
theatre style. Bethany Baptist Church, in the lower part of the city, was 
organized in igoo. 

Brigantlne.— On the opposite shore of the Inlet is Brigantine Beach. 
It is reached bv vachts and by steamers operated by the Brigantine Trans- 
portation Company. The trolley road follows the "contour of the beach to 
Little Egg Harbor' Inlet, a distance of seven miles. The cars are double- 
decked and run swiftly. The road passes the treacherous Brigantine Shoals, 
upon which hundreds of vessels of all kinds have been wrecked, accom- 
panied by great loss of life. The charge for the round trip is twenty-five 

The thought of going to Brigantine [via the Brigantine Transportation 
Co.] is a pleasure in itself, and to those who have gone it is a pleasant and 
life-long recollection. The bathing is absolutely safe, while the angle at 
which the beach extends into the ocean and its distance from the maniland 
make it peculiarly open to the prevailing winds of summer. Cool breezes 
always favor the island from some quarter, and the facilities for boating, 
sailing and fishing are unsurpassed. Brigantine is the summer home of a 
number of prominent gentlemen and their families. 

This beach, at one time, was one of the choicest places along the coast 
for sportsmen. Blue-fish, flounders, porgies, bass, and weak-fish are caught 
in abundance. The adjacent meadows and marshes are alive with snipe, 
curlew, marlin and the whole family of wading birds. Wild geese, duck, 
brants and teal are to be had in large quantities in season. The crabbing is 
exceptionally good, and the bathing superb. The upper end of this beach 
was for many years the breeding place for sea-gulls. Myriads of these 
birds would congregate there. The eggs were laid in the sand, the nest 
being a mere hollow, with sometimes a few twigs and leaves. 

I04 Hestoji\^ Hand- Book. 

Hasino. — The Casino is located on tlie Boardwalk, overlooking the sea, 
near the foot of Indiana avenue. It affords various kinds of amuse- 
ments for adults and all reasonable attractions for the little folks. The sun 
parlors are especially adapted for the use of the many invalids and con- 
valescents who fmdnew life in our health-giving ozone during the spring 
months. On all sides of the assembly room are sun parlors, reading and 
smoking rooms. 

In the one-story extension at the rear are well-lighted and well-ventilated 
dressing rooms for surf-bathing, luxuriously furnished, hot and cold sea- 
water baths, and also well-appointed dressing rooms for the patrons of the 
adjoining natatorium. The large swimming pool is built of brick, with 
concrete bottom and white-marble sides, and is the finest on this continent. 
Bevond the pool are bowling alleys and shuffle-board parlors. 

The Casino is conducted on "the club plan, but admission is by tickets, 
instead of introduction, and the proprietor reserves the right to exclude any 
one for any cause. This is done to make it as select as possible for visitors. 

The subscription is 50 cents a day, or $2.qo a week. This includes 
admission, day and evening, to the daily concerts and to the dances. The 
cost of the Casino was $60,000. 

Carriages. — The legal fare for omnibuses, automobiles and locomobiles 
are as follows : Where the distance by the most direct route does not ex- 
ceed ten regular city blocks or squares, ten cents ; where such distance 
exceeds ten such blocks and does not exceed fifteen such blocks, fifteen 
cents ; where such distance exceeds fifteen such blocks and does not exceed 
twenty such blocks, twenty cents, and for each additional block, one cent ; 
and the distance from Pacific avenue to the Boardwalk shall be considered 
two blocks. 

When the employment is by the hour, or for other than a continuous 
passage from one point to another, for a one-horse omnibus, at the rate of 
one dollar per hour ; for a two-horse omnibus, at the rate of one dollar and 
fifty cents per hour. 

When the service is performed between the hours of twelve o'clock 
midnight and five o'clock in the morning, any rates not exceeding twice the 
fares above mentioned may be charged. 

It shall be unlawful for a driver to refuse to convey any passenger, and 
no delay or wait for additional passengers shall be made exceeding five 

When the driver of any omnibus or automobile or locomobile has been 
engaged he shall display a sign, to be furnished by the city, containing the 
word " engaged " in a conspicuous place on the outside of his vehicle. 

It is the duty of the driver to keep a copy of the ordinance posted at all 
times in a conspicuous place inside the omnibus, so that said copy can be 
conveniently read by passengers. 

The penalty for violating the carriage ordinance is twenty dollars fine. 

Catholic Churcli.— St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Church was built in 
1856, on Atlantic avenue near Tennessee. In the spring of 1887 the building 
was removed to its present location on Pacific avenue near Tennessee. 
Many changes and improvements were made, and it is now a large and 
very comfortable church edifice. A handsome new stone edifice is now in 
course of erection. 

St. Mary's Church edifice, (" Our Lady, Star of the Sea ") at the cor- 
ner of Atlantic and California avenues, was dedicated in 1897. This church 
was formerly known as St. Monica's, and was destroyed by fire December 
2, i8q6. 

Children's Seashore House. — This institution was opened at the sea 
end of Ohio avenue, occupying what was known as the main building, in 


Around and About. 105 

1883. Fourteen smaller buildings were afterwards erected within the grounds 
by visitors at the different hotels, each bearing the name of the house b\' 
which it was erected. This property was sold in igoi, and a much more 
commodious building is now (July, 19021 finished and in use. It is located 
at the extreme lower end of Atlantic Citvand accommodates over 200 chil- 
dren. The object of the corporation is to "maintain at the seashore an insti- 
tution in which children of the poorer classes, suffering from non-contagious 
diseases, or from debility, incident to the hot weather and a crowded citv, 
may have good nursing and medical care, without regard to creed, color or 
nationality. The house is open to visitors Tuesday and Fridav mornings 
from half-past nine to half-past ten o'clock, and every afternoon from 
three to five o'clock. 

Chelsea.— A few blocks below the built-up portion of Atlantic City is 
a select suburb, called Chelsea. It is laid out on a comprehensive scale 
with wide streets and large lots, those fronting on Pacific avenue being sixtv 
feet wide, and the corner ones sixty-five feet. Restrictions embodied in the 
deeds require all houses to be set back a good distance from the street, and 
prevent them also from being crowded closely together. Only one build- 
ing for dwelling-house purposes is permitted on each lot. No liquor saloon 
or other undesirable places are allowed in the place, and stringent regula- 
tions govern the drainage arrangements. The Pennsylvania Railroad has 
a station at Chelsea, and both the electric cars an'd omnibuses convey 
passengers to and from the city proper. 

Country Club House. — The golf links are on the mainland overlook- 
ing Lake's Bay. The city is but twenty minutes distant bv motor car. 
Adjoining the links is the" shore road, a "^beautiful highway running amid 
quaint little villages and fine residences. This road ext"ends along the 
entire New Jersey coast from near Sandy Hook to Cape May. A visit to 
the Club House and the Golf Links will appeal not only to those inter- 
ested in the Club, but to those who seek the enjoyment' of country club 
life in connection with the charms of the seashore. 

|rTl|eath-Rate. — The death-rate among residents is about 14 in 1000, which 
ILiJI is probably lower than that of any other city in the country. 

In relation to the resident death-rate Dr. M. D. Youngman says: 
"Thirty per cent, of the number are buried either in remote parts of 'the 
State or in other States, showing that they or their friends were only 
temporary residents, and yet claimed reside'nce here and intended livin'g 
here whife the boarding-house business paid, or while they found emplo>- 
ment as waiters, or as long as their health was conserved. A considerable 
percentage of these waiters are colored, the majority being children. 
Colored people come here tor the purpose of doing laundry work and 
waiting, and their children are bottle-fed and neglected. Many of the 
permanent residents are impaired lives, persons who maintain a permanency 
of residence here because they can not live elsewhere on account of some 
impairment of health. The local death-rate from acute diseases is very 
low. Of the non-residents the great majority are chronic invalids, man\' 
of them being in the city but a few days or even hours when^ they die. 
This is the case with children very frequently in the hot season." 

apiscopal Church.— St. James' Episcopal Church, corner Pacific and 
North Carolina avenues, was the first of this denomination erected in 
Atlantic City. It was finished in i86q and enlarged in February, 1874- 
The Church of the Ascension, originallv a frame building, was completed 
in 1879, and stood on Pacific avenue, below Michigan, but was removed 
in 1886 to its present location on Kentucky avenue, corner of Pacific. The 
present brick edifice was completed in 1893. A third church of this 

io6 Heston' s Hand- Book. 

denomination was organized in igoi, and a new building is now finished 
in the Chelsea district. 

"Everybody Goes to Brigantine." — This is a by-expression in 
Atlantic City, and it is literally true. Anybody is nobody if he does not 
go, because everybody goes. 


rBjire Department. — The present equipment of this excellent branch of 

the city government includes fifty-nine paid employees, thirty-seven 
pieces of apparatus, and forty-one horses. The apparatus is as follows : 
Eight engines, three chemical engines, three combination chemical and 
hose wagons, six hose wagons, two aerial trucl\s, one combination chem- 
ical truck and hose wagon, two patrol wagons, six supply wagons, one 
hand carriage, three parade wagons, one crab and one chief's wagon. 
Besides these there are one life net, seventeen hand extinguishers, 2o,oco feet 
of fire hose, 3000 feet of chemical hose and 150 feet of rope for use of fire 
wardens. No citv in the country of equal population has a fire department 
as well equipped as that of Atlantic City. 

Friends' Meeting-house. — This place of worship was built in 1872, 
previous to which the meetings of the Society of Friends were held in the 
old school-house on Pennsylvania avenue for four consecutive summers. 
Ipalarbage. — The garbage of Atlantic City, which amounts to i2,coo tons 
IkSJI annually, is collected in sanitary carts and taken to the crematory, at 
the extreme northwestern side of the'city, and there cremated. The crema- 
tory is a model plant and cost $93,000. The city pays the contractor 
$14,819 a year for collecting the garbage. 

|rri|ospital. — About the year 1892 an effort was made to establish a public 
ILIJI hospital in Atlantic City. A number of ladies and gentlemen organ- 
ized what was then known 'as the " Atlantic City Hospital Association," 
and they collected a fund of about $1200. After a time most of those 
identified with the movement lost interest in it, and finally the fund was 
turned over to a private sanatorium, and applied toward the founding of a 
" free bed " in that institution. Through the efforts of Mayor Franklin P. 
Stoy, the city contracted with the institution referred to, known as the 
Atlantic City Sanatorium, of which J.J. Rochford was Superintendent, 
and for a few years all sick or injured persons, who became charges upon 
the city, were provided for at the Sanatorium. In this arrangement Mr. 
Stoy was the careful guardian of the city's interests, and to him and Mr. 
Rochford — the one for the citv and the other for the sanatorium association 
—belongs the credit of providing hospital facilities in Atlantic City during 
the years i894-'95-'g6-'97. 

The present hospital corporation had its beginning when the following 
notice was published in the Atlantic Citv morning papers of February 12, 
1897 : 


All who are interested in the hospital movement in Atlantic City are invited to meet at 
the Atlantic City Sanatorium this evening, at 8 o'clock. /^ j^ HESTON. 

The following is from the hospital minutes : 

Pursuant to the above call, the following persons met at the Sanatorium this evening : 
A. M. Heston and J. J. Rochford. Notwithstanding the small attendance, it was decided to 
organize the meeting and carry out the purposes of the call. 

Mr. Heston nominated Mr. Rochford as temporary president, and he was unanimously 
elected. Mr. Rochford nominated Mr. Heston as temporary secretarv, and he was unani- 
mously elected. 

On motion, it was decided to elect a board of nine governors. Mr. Heston nominated 
Franklin P. Stoy, Stewart R. McShea, M. A. Devine. John F. Hall, M. V. B. Scull, H. S. 
Scull, and J. Leonard Baier, Jr. Mr. Rochford nominated Lewis Evans and A. M. Heston. 
There being no other nominees, by special request. Miss Josephine O'Brien, clerk of the 
Sanatorium, cast the ballot and the above-mentioned persons were declared duly elected. 

Aroimd and About. 107 

The Secretary was directed to notify the gentlemen of their election and request them to 
meet at the Sanatorium on Wednesday evening, February 24, 1897. to perfect arrangements 
for organizin-g the Atlantic Cit>- Hospital Association. 

The gentlemen selected as a Board of Governors were dulv notified 
and met on the evening appointed. At a subsequent meeting additional 
governors were elected as follows : 

Louis Kuehnle, William G. Hoopes, Charles Evans. H. H. Deakvne, James D. South- 
wick and Isaac Bacharach. 

Subsequently, at a meeting held on April q, 1897, the constitution and 
by-laws were adopted and permanent officers elected as follows : President, 
F. P. Stoy ; Secretary, A. M. Heston ; Treasurer, Lewis Evans. 

The Woman's Auxiliary was organized at the Hotel Dennis, on 
November 27, 1897, and the 'money collected by the ladies, amounting to 
$616.71, was set aside toward the "furnishing of the hospital, when built. 
The officers are : President, Mrs. John F. Hall ; Recording Secretarv, Miss 
Caroline M. Giltinan ; Financial Secretary, Mrs. James D. Southwick ; 
Treasurer, Mrs. M. A. Devine. 

The property on Ohio avenue near Pacific was purchased of Henry 
J. White, of New York, on August 20, 1898. The purchase price was 
$16,000, on account of which the Board of Governors paid $2000 in cash, 
and e.xecuted a second mortgage of $6oco. The property was purchased 
subject to a first mortgage of $8oco. It included a frame building contain- 
ing ten rooms. 

The formal opening of this temporary hospital building took place on 
November 30, 1898, on which occasion there were many visitors and gen- 
erous welcome to all friends of the institution. 

In the early part of April, 1899, Miss Elizabeth C. Boice, of Absecon, 
signified her desire to erect a brick annex to the hospital building, as a 
memorial to her father, Henry Boice, and her generous offer was accepted 
bv the Board of Governors. " 

It was suggested that the proposed building be known as the Boice 
Annex and that it be constructed of brick, with stone trimmings, to which 
she readily assented. Plans for this building were drawn by Architect 
Harold F," Adams, and work thereon begun immediately. 

It was learned that the marriage of Miss Boice to Mr. Clarence 
Doughtv Nourse was to take place on June 7th, at the home of a relative 
in West" Philadelphia, and the Secretary of the Hospital deemed it appro- 
priate to celebrate this happy occasion by breaking ground for the new 
building to be erected bv the "bride-elect. Accordingly, at the hour of the 
ceremony in West Phila'delphia, he removed the first soil for the foundation 
of the Boice Annex in Atlantic City. 

The work on this building progressed satisfactorily, the Board of 
Governors suggesting some changes and improvements during its progress, 
to which Mrs. Nourse readilv assented. The. building being finally com- 
pleted, at a cost of nearlv $10, coo, announcement was made of the formal 
opening on Thanksgiving Day, November 30th, exactly one year after the 
opening of what is now known as the '' main" building, but which will 
be razed or moved at some future time, to make room for an imposing 
building, thoroughly modern in appointments and architecturally in keeping 
with the Boice Annex. 

On May i, 1901, the Board of Governors purchased additional lands, 
fronting 50 feet on Pacific avenue and extending to the other lot, a distance 
of 150 feet. This L-shaped lot is now valued at $40,000, without the im- 
provements. The building fronting on Pacific avenue is used as a nurses 
home. When the requisite funds are in hand, a main hospital building 
will be erected on the lot. 

io8 Hesfon' s Hand- Book. 


rflnlet. — This is a large body of water at the upper end of the island. 

where sailing and fishing boats in charge of experienced captains can 
be hired by the day or by the hour. The sail through the bays or out to 
sea, through the inlet outlet, is delightful, and the fishing is generally very 
good. The rates per hour for parties is twenty-five cents a-piece.' The 
yachtsmen are prohibited by law from taking more than thirty passengers 
at one time. Yachts can be'chartered by the day for from five to ten dollars. 
Bllewish Synagogue. — This unique building is situated on Pennsylvania 
IBJI avenue above Pacific. The corner-stone was laid and the edifice com- 
pleted in i8q2. 

[ralechemeches.— This was the name of a tribe of Indians that once 
IliJl inhabited the country south of the Great Egg Harbor River, and made 
occasional visits to Absegami ( Absecon Island) in quest of oysters and game, 
and perhaps to visit friendly Indians who came here from Coaquanock 
(Philadelphia), Chickohacki"( Trenton ) and other places in summer time. 

nongport.— Longport is below Atlantic City, and occupies the western 
end of the island, bordering on Great Egg Harbor Inlet. Its water 
advantages are unique. The ocean, the inlet and the thoroughfare surge 
restlessly or wave pleasantly on three sides of it. The island narrows and 
is scarcely more than one block in width in the improved portion of Long- 
port, rendering both bathing and fishing convenient. The ocean beach is 
broad, smooth and level, making a fine promenade ground when the tide is 
out, and safe bathing when the tide is in. Fish are abundant in the thor- 
oughfare, and are caught steadily from the pier and breakwater, which 
accommodate and protect the shore at different angles. Little steamers 
make regular trips to Ocean City and Somers' Point. Sail-boats accom- 
modate those who desire such recreation. The cottages are diverse in 
architectural design. The Bay View Club House is a substantial structure 
and is the headquarters of the Bay View Club, which is composed of 
Philadelphia gentlemen, Longport derived its name from James Long, a 
Philadelphia merchant, who sold the land to M. S. McCullough, founder 
of the resort. 

Lutheran Church.— St. Andrew's Evangelical Lutheran Church (Eng- 
lish) is at the corner of Michigan and Pacific avenues. This Society was 
organized in June, 1887, by the Rev. William Ashmead Schaeffer, D. D., 
of Philadelphia. The first service was held in the upper room of a building 
on Atlantic avenue above Tennessee. The congregation afterwards bought 
the Philopatrian Hall on New York avenue, and changed the name to 
St. Andrews's Hall. In i8cj2 they bought the lot at Michigan and Pacific 
avenues and built the present edifice thereon. The pulpit was filled by 
various persons until the present pastor took charge in 1894. 
IfTliercer Memorial Home.— This institution provides a place where 
It4ij| invalid women, of moderate means, can spend a few weeks at the sea- 
shore, and have not only the comforts of a home, but also good nursing 
and the care of a physician, at a price which they are able to pay, but 
much below the actual cost. It differs from other 'seaside institutions for 
women in that it is intended for invalids only, and in this respect it meets 
a want which has often been felt by those who come in contact with the 
masses of working-women in our large cities. 

In 1884 the building at the corner of Ohio and Pacific avenues was 
erected, largely through the munificence of the late Mrs. J. C. Mercer, of 
Philadelphia, who gave ?4o,coo for the purpose. An addition to the east 
wing of the building, finished in 18(54, increased its capacity about one-third. 
The building is one of the finest of its size in Atlantic City, and is provided 
with everv convenience for the care of sick women. 

Around and About. 


Military Companies. — Joe Hooker Post, No. 32, G. A. R. 

second and fourth Tuesday evening in each month at G. A. R. 

, meets the 

First Presbvterian Church. 

Colonel H. H. Janeway 
Camp, No. ii,S.of V., meets the 
first and third Monday evening 
in each month in G. A. R. Hall. 

Morris Guards, named in 
honor of Colonel Daniel Morris, 
who was one of the first residents 
of the place. It is both a social 
and a militarv organization, and 
is intended to" be always ready to 
render anv service required of a 
militarv company, and to officiate 
at the reception of all organiza- 
tions visiting the city in a bodv 

Company L., attached to the Third Regiment, New Jersey National 

Methodist Church.— The first religious services held in Atlantic City 
were under the direction of the Methodists. The building was dedicated m 


HestoJi' s Hand- Book. 

1857, and still stands where originally built, on Atlantic avenue below 
Massachusetts, it is to be replaced, however, by a handsome stone and 
brick building, the erection of which will be begun before the close of igo2. 
Besides this, the First Methodist Church, there is the St. Paul's M. E. 
Church, built in i8g8; the Central M. E. Church, built in 1896; Christ 
Methodist Protestant Church and Trinity M. P. Church. 
|nn|araticongs and Nanticokes. — These were two tribes of Indians living 
lUul in Scheyichbi (New Jersey) when the white man came among them. 
The\- are referred to on pages 42 and 43 of the Hand-Book. 
Sljriginal People. — On page 38 ( Hand Book of icjoo) the reader will fmd 
■Ul some account of the Lenape Indians— the "original people" of Abse- 
con Beach and other parts of New Jersew 


A Suniiner Morning Scene. 

Imlost Office.^The post office is located on New York avenue near 
lUi Atlantic. It is open on Sundays and weekdays. The U. S. govern- 
ment has appropriated $125,000 for a new post office building in Atlantic 

Presbyterian Churches.— There are five edifices of this denomination 
in Atlantic City. The one at the corner of Pacific and Pennsylvania ave- 
nues was erected in 1856, enlarged some years later, and very much im- 
proved in the spring of 1887. The German Presbyterian Church was 
dedicated in 1884 and enlarged in i8q6. The Olivet Presbyterian Church, 
at Pacific and Tennessee avenues, was dedicated March" 27, i8g8. The 
Westminster Presbyterian Church and the Chelsea Presbyterian Church 
were organized in igoi. The first is at Vermont and Baltic avenues and 
the other on Morris avenue, south. 

Around and About. 

[Psiluail.— In the fall, when the gunning season opens, large numbers ot 
^A these birds are l<illed by sportsmen in the woods and fields on the 

Imjailroad Stations.— West Jerse\- and Seashore, South Carolina avenue, 

llijl above Atlantic. 

Atlantic Cit\- (Readin<^- S\stem), Atlantic avenue, between Arkansas 
and Missouri avenues. 

Longport and South Atlantic Cit\-, corner Tennessee and Atlantic 

Irajanitation. — Atlantic City has a model system for the disposal of gar- 
1M| bage and refuse, at the crematory. No bad odors are noticeable either 
in or out of the building in which the work is done, and all classes of offal 

The Beach at Noon-day. 

and refuse, including dead animals, broken glass, and crockery ware, etc.. 
as well as garbage, are quicklv and successfully destroyed. 

Unlike other places on the coast, the surf is absolutely free from refuse, 
or defilement of anv kind. By an underground svstem, which is a revelation 
to most citv people, the air, the soil, and the water are absolutelv free from 
contamination bv sewage. Brietlv stated, this system comprises a pump- 
ing station and reservoir, with deepiv laid sewers converging to it, and filter 
beds situated on the salt meadows at a considerable distance from the well. 

The reservoir is placed on the edge of the meadows, next that side ot 
the city which is farthest from the ocean and the hotels. It is a walled pit, 
cemented inside and out, thirtv feet in diameter and twenty feet deep. 
Connected with it is a ventilating shaft seventy-five feet high. The main 
sewer, which empties into the bottom of this well, is a cylindrical iron pipe 

Heston s Hand-Book. 

twenty inches in diameter. Connected with this is a system of sub-mains 

and laterals of glazed terra-cotta pipe. 

Schools.— The public schools of Atlantic City are well-appointed and 

six in number, the oldest being at Pennsylvania and Arctic avenues. The 

original building was removed in 1887, and a new brick building erected 

on the site at a cost of s?2o,cco. Other buildings are on Indiana avenue 

near Arctic, Texas avenue and Arctic, Arctic avenue near New Jersey, an 

imposing brick and 
stone school building 
atthecornerof Illinois 
and Arctic avenues, 
finished in 1896, and 
the Chelsea school, 
corner of Brighton 
and Arctic avenues, 
fmished in 1897. The 
buildings are well 
heated and comforta- 
bly furnished. As 
many as loi; teachers 
areemploxed at an an- 
nual cost" for salaries 
of $56,000. It has 
been truly said that 
no more cogent reason 
is required to show 
the salubrity of the 
climate and "the desir- 

City as an abiding abilitv of Atlantic 

place for all who 

esteem health a 

blessing than the 

number of children 

born within the 

Island's sandy 

rim. The number 

of enrolled school- 
children in Atlantic 

City is 4466. A 

new high-school 

building, costing 

$88,000, is now 

completed and in 

u«e at Ohio and 

Pacific avenues. 

The site for this 

building cost 

$50,000. Another school building is also completed on the West Side, 

costing $20,000. 

The Friends' Select School has three departments, kindergarten, pri- 
mary and intermediate. It is located at Pacific and South Carolina avenues. 
Seal of Atlantic City. — A description of the seal of Atlantic City is as 

follows: The escutcheon consists of a shell in which is a \'iew of the "ocean, 

a section of the Boardwalk and three vachts, supported by two dolphins; 

two Grecian maids, personifying health, holding the caduceus, meaning 

power, wisdom and activity," in one hand, and flowers of pleasure in the 

The Fishing Deck and Boardwalk. 





A West End Residence. 

Indiana Avenue Public School. 

Around and About. 113 

other; surmounted by two dolphins and the lighthouse. The motto, 
" Consilio et Prudentia " (Counsel and Wisdom), completes the design. 
The cit\- colors are blue and white. 

Somers' Point.— Somers' Point, one of the oldest ports of entrv in 
the United States, is a favorite resort for sportsmen. It is reached" bv 
steamers from Longport, but the popular wav is by railroad, across the 
meadows to Pleasantville, and thence to Somers' Point. The ride in pleas- 
ant weather is in open cars across the wide expanse of salt meadows and 
through a fertile farming country to the bav, on which Somers' Point is 
located. In its vicinity, many years ago, was the summer encampment of 
the Algonquin Indians, who enjoyed the bountiful supplv of ovsters and 
game. The charge is 2; cents for the round trip. 

Speedway and Other Drives.— The Speedway is a new drive extend- 
ing from Seaview to Longport. It is about seven miles long. The 
opening of this drive is celebrated by a floral parade in June each vear. 
Other drives in Atlantic City are as" follows : Beach drive, at low'tide, 
ten miles; to Longport or G'reat Egg Harbor inlet, eight miles; the Ele- 
phant, or South Atlantic City, five miles; Absecon Inlet and Lighthouse, 
two miles ; Pacific avenue drive, five miles to Ventnor. Another pleasant 
drive is to the Inlet on a macadamized road. Still another drive is across 
the meadows to Pleasantville, and thence along the shore road to the 
Country Club and Somers' Point, Absecon and other pretty towns in the 
vicinity of Atlantic City. The road across the meadows is kept in first- 
class condition. 

mrees. — It is, perhaps, not generally known that growing vegetation 
purifies the atmosphere. Carbonic acid is absorbed and oxygen given 
out, this result being just the reverse of what takes place in the human 
and all other forms of animal economy. But a general purification of the 
air is not the least benefit derived from growing vegetation. The puri- 
fying and cooling influences of trees placed uniformly throughout any city 
have a marked influence on the public health in summer time. For that 
reason, a health resort, above all other places, should have an abundance 
of shade trees. Therefore, in a matter that concerns not only the comfort 
and beauty, but the health of the city, there should be a universal interest 
on the part of its inhabitants. In the large inland cities, if the streets were 
all lined with shade trees, the summer heat would not be so intolerable and 
unhealthful. As trees maintain an average temperature of fifty-four 
degrees in all seasons, it is easy to understand what a constant cooling 
influence they possess in an atmosphere of eighty or ninety degrees. Add 
to this the co'iistant exhalation from the leaves of watery vapor that has 
been absorbed from moisture in the soil and from the surrounding air, and 
the cooling effect is much enhanced. This action takes place during the 
heated portion of the dav. 

Excepting the Boardwalk, the boating, the yachting and the marine 
vista, Atlantic City's greatest attraction should be long lines of streets, 
arched over with trees, in summer time as green as countr>- lanes. 

At its best a citv is a disfigurement of God's beautiful world, an ugly 
deformitv of man's creation, wherein he does his best to pervert and destroy 
almost everv condition of wholesome life. A multitude of trees would 
make green "and beautiful a large part of Atlantic City and mitigate that 
ugliness for which man is responsible. The miles of wa'ving green banners 
and the comforting shade would be an unceasing delight to the eye as well 
as a constant medicine for the mind. 

To destroy or to injure unnecessarily any trees already planted in At- 
lantic City is to do a sinful thing, and to allow them to be destroyed by an 


Heston' s Hand-Book. 

insect pest or by a soulless corporation in the cause of " progress," without 
making any effort to prevent their destruction, is criminal negligence. 

Trolleys.— The trollev cars of Atlantic City run the entire length of 
the island, a distance of ten miles, connecting with the boats for Brigan- 
tine on the north, and for Ocean City and Somers' Point on the south. 
The ride is always enjoyable. 

Irmlnamis and Unilacktos. — These were two opposing tribes of Indians 
lUI who inhabited the pine and coast region of New Jersey. In English 
their names mean Turtles and Turkeys. 

I^entnor.— Ventnor is another near-bv resort. It is two miles below 
mm Atlantic Citv, and is accessible by the motor cars to Longport. The 
various amusements and diversions of Atlantic City are easily accessible 
by train, drive, or beach, while freedom from noise and perfect rest are 
assured by its suburban location. A large and thoroughly appointed hotel 
is open for guests. 

pnlater Supply.— Atlantic Citv has an exhaustless supply of pure fresh 
I^All water, furnished both by artesian wells and two conduits, which bring 
the water seven miles across the meadows from a sweet, clear, and pure 
source among the pines of the mainland, partiv from mill ponds and partly 
from fifty driven wells. There are five artesian wells on the island, fur- 
nishing water that is as crystal clear, pure, and wholesome, and as wholly 
uncontaminated by organic matter as that obtained at any of the mountain 
resorts. There are water-works of the most elaborate character, and two 
stand-pipes, having a capacity of over half a million gallons, thus insuring 
an abundant supply of excellent water at all times for every purpose. The 
pumping capacity of the engines is eleven million gallons a day. Nearly 
seventy miles of pipe are laid throughout the city, and connected'with these 
pipes are 570 fire-hydrants. The total cost of the city water plant was 

Woodland Charms. —The woods and swamps on the mainland, west- 
ward of Atlantic Citv, are fragrant with magnolia blooms and ablaze with 
the laurel and rhododendron in spring-time. The ground, also, is carpeted 
with arbutus and the lakes are white with water-lilies ; everywhere, in 
wood and swamp, field and fen, the heath tribe gives beauty and perfume. 
In the brilliant autumn-time, when the gorgeous woods are gleaming, ere 
the leaves begin to fall, when the pippin leaves the bough and the sumac's 
fruit is red, when the quail is piping loud from the near-by buckwheat 
fields, when the mist is on the ocean and the network on the"^ grass, when 
the harvests are all housed and the farmer's work is done — 'tis then that 
there is good quail and rabbit shooting in the woods and fields on the 

'iTOlions (usually spelled Axions). — These were a tribe of Indians who 
[Ml had their hunting grounds along the Mullica River, in the upper end 
of Atlantic County. They were on 'xelent terms with the Tuckahoe tribe, 
whose provender they often shared. It is even said that the kindness of 
the Tuckahoes to the''Xions brought about the saying, which we hear to 
this day, " Tuckahoe— God bless her ! " 

l^lacomanshag. — This is the name of a tribe of Indians that once lived 
mi about where the town of Hammonton now stands. 

I^ounds!— If I can think of any word to complete this zigzag manu- 
IMI script, which the publisher is to transform into beautiful print for 
zealous critics' eves. 

Woodland Charms on Mainland— Atlantic City's Water Supply 

Atlantic City Statistics. 

Population of Atlantic City (census of igoo), 27,838 

Present population of Atlantic City, based on voters, about . . . 32,000 
Number of school children enrolled in Atlantic City, December 31, 

1901,' ' ■ • • 4,466 

Number of Registered Voters in Atlantic City in 1Q02, 8,554 

Transient population during winter and summer seasons, 40,000 to 150,000 
Value of Real and Personal Estate, as per assessment of igoi, $21,30)6,606 

Actual value of Real Estate, at least $60,000,000 

Water Pipes laid and in use in Atlantic City, 69 miles. 

Cost of City Water Works, $1,170,000 

Number of Fire Hydrants in use, 570 

Length of Streets, paved and graveled, 51 miles. 

Paved Streets, loX " 

Number of Public School Houses, 8 

Churches (.white, ig ; colored, 5), 24 

National Banks, 4 

Safe Deposit Companies, 2 

Militarx- Companies, including Grand Army Post and 

Sons of Veterans, 4 

Pieces of Fire Apparatus, 37 

Horses owned by Fire Department, 41 

Fire Companies, 8 

dwelling houses in Atlantic City, January i, igo2, . . 7,031 
dwellings with stores, etc., in Atlantic City, January 

I, 1Q02, 642 

" hotels and boarding houses in Atlantic City. January 

I, igo2, 6go 

Total number of buildings, excluding stables, January i, 1902, 8,363 

Number of Police Officers and Patrolmen, summer, 65 

" " " " " winter, 55 

Life Guards, 33 

" active Firemen, 59 

Arc Electric Street Lights, 321 

Gas Street Lights, 188 

" Public School Teachers employed, 105 

Value of School Buildings and Lots, $4co,oco 

Area of Atlantic Citv, 3,c66 acres. 

Island between Atlantic City and South Atlantic City, 1,101 

South Atlantic City 895 |' 

" Longport, 5i3 

entire Island, 5»575 [[ 

Acreage of Atlantic City built upon, 79° 

Island outside of Atlantic City built upon, . ... 15 ^^ 

'* entire Island built upon, 805 

ii6 Hes toil's Hand- Book. 

Distance from Inlet to lower end of Atlantic City 4 J^ miles. 

" Atlantic City to South Atlantic City 3 " 

" " South Atlantic City to Longport, .' iK " 

" Longport to lower end of beach, i " 

Length of entire Island, 10 " 

Distance from Atlantic City to Mainland, 5>4 " 

Length of Young's Pier, 2,804 feet. 

Iron Pier, 941 " 

Boardwalk, from the Inlet wharf to Jackson Avenue 4's miles. 

Erection of Boardwalk begun, April 24, i8g6 

Boardwalk dedicated to public use, July 8, i8q6 

First Permanent Resident of the island, Jeremiah Leeds, about 1795 

" Train to Atlantic City, July i, 1854 

Second Railroad (narrow gauge) to Atlantic, opened . ■ • July 25, 1877 

" " changed to broad gauge by Reading, . October 5, 1884 

Double track of Reading road first used in ' April, i88g 

Third Railroad to Atlantic City opened June 16, 1880 

First Train on Penns\lvania' system via Delaware River 

Bridge to Atlantic City, April ig, i8g6 

Newspapers in Atlantic City (3 daily and 5 weekly), .... 8 

Height of Lighthouse, 167 feet. 

Distance visible at sea, ig miles. 

Number of Steps to Lighthouse, 228 

Cost of Lighthouse, $52,187 

Bricks in Lighthouse Tower, 5g8.634 

Highest curb elevation in Atlantic City above mean low water, 13^^ feet. 
Lowest curb elevation in Atlantic City above mean low water, 6 " 
Meadow surface in Atlantic City above mean low water, . . 4 " 

Cost of Water Works to January I, igo2 $1,170,000 

Boardwalk to July i, ig62, $225,000 

" Crematory to January i, IQ02, $g3,coo* 

Net debt of Atlantic City, January I, igo2, $4go,ooo 

It should be noted, in this connection, that a distinction is made by 
investors between bonds issued by a municipalit\' to defray the cost of 
water works, etc., and those issued to pay for public improvements, which 
have no earning capacity, such as street paving, Boardwalk, Crematory, 
etc. In figuring on the debt of a city, to get the " net debt," the investor 
deducts from the total bonded indebtedness the amount of bonds issued for 
water works, sewage works, and so on, as well as money in the sinking 

Fire loss in Atlantic City during igoi, $51,318.81; insurance, $55,082.81 

Total number of fires in Atlantic City during igoi, .... 126 
Largest fire in history of Atlantic City, April 3, igo2— 
Illinois avenue to New York avenue and Boardwalk, 

loss, $750,000; insurance, $200,000 

Assets of Atlantic City, $3,416, g48 

Liabilities of Atlantic City, including Water Bonds, • $i,g7i,5oo 

Expenditures during Fiscal Year, excepting improvements, • $717,738 

Expenditures for Permanent Improvements during last Year, $350,806 

Expenditures for all purposes, one year, $1,068,544 

Receipts from all sources, one year", $1,282,128 


Atlantic City Statistics. 

The population of Atlantic City has shown a steadv, sometimes an 
unusual increase, since the city was founded in 1854. In the time of the 
Revolution the entire island had but ten inhabitants— none of these per- 
manent—representing two families. Since 1854 the population, registered 
voters and assessed property valuations have been as follows :— 

1854, ■ • • • 


1856, .... 

1857, • • • • 

1858, .... 

1859, • • • 
i860. Census, 

1861, . . . . 

1862, ... 

1863, .... 

1864, . . . . 

1865, Census, 

1866, .... 

1867, .... 

1868, .... 

1869, .... 

1870, Census, 

1871, .... 

1872, .... 

1873, . ■ ■ • 

1874, ■ . • . 

1875, Census, 

1876, . . . 

1877, . • • • 

1878, . . . . 

1879, • - • . 

1880, Census, 

1882, .... 

1883, .... 

1884, .... 
188";, Census, 

























No election. 















?6 1 3,706 













































Hestoii' s Hand-Book. 







10, coo 

• 13,037 

• 13,949 

• 14,925 


• 17,193 

• 18,329 


• 22,365 


. 27,838 



5 222 





The following is a low estimate of the population of Atlanti 
resident and transient — during each of the twelve months of the y 

January, 32,000 August, 

February, 45,000 September, 

March, 55,ooo October, 

April, 62,000 November 

May, 40,000 December, 

June, 55,000 

July, 130,000 Total, 

Average population for twelve months. 

c City— 
ear: — 


60, coo 


Atlantic City :- 
First Ward, 
Second " 
Third " 
Fourth " 

Total, Atlantic City, 
Absecon town, .... 
Brigantine City, • • 
Buena Vista township. 
Egg Harbor City, • ■ 
Egg Harbor township. 




Galloway township, 


Hammonton " 

Linwood borough, . 

Longport " 

Mullica township, 

Pleasantville borough, 

Somers' Point " 

South Atlantic City borough, 

Weymouth township, . . . 






Total, City and County, 46,402 

iND n A. 

Pages 41 to 66 are found oni\- in the Hand- Book for 1900. 

Pages 67 to 82 are found only in the Hand-Book for 1901. 

(See note o'n page 40.) 


Aborigines, battle of 42 

Absecon 02 

Absecon Beach 44, 45. 72, 78 

Absecon, origin of word 40 

Absegami, discovery of 44 

Absegami, summering at 40 

Acquackanonk, 78 

Adams, Ryan. 55. 57 

Adams, Aunt Judith, 55 

Adams, Jonathan, ... bg 

Allen, Ethan, 52 

Albertson, Leon 64 

Albertson, Levi C .... 64 

Alcorn, William 64 

Almanacs, ic2 

Amarong Indians, 42 

American Mercur\- 102 

America's Mecca of Tourists, 15 

Amersfoot 6g 

Ames, Nathaniel, loi 

Andre, Major John 84 

Annapolis Naval Academ\- 93 

Anne, Queen 100 

Ante-Bellum Days 63 

Armewame.xes Indians 42 

Arthur Kill 44, 45 

.Armstrong, Harriet 65 

Arwamus 71 

Asbury, Rev. Francis 85 

Ashbridge, 88 

Asomoches Indians 42 

Assanpink Creek 40 

AtlanticCity National Bank 61 

Atslon, 43, 59 

Atsion Indians 42,43 

Atsion Furnace 86, 88 

Atsion River, 86 

Atkins, Samuel too 

Atlantic House 58 

Auld Lang Svne 55. 55 

Avery, John G. W., 63 

Axion [Atsion, Atsionks] 42, 43 

Axwamus 71 

Aviesford, Kate 83 

Babcock, John 51 

Bachelors and Old Maids 8 

Bacon, Captain John 80 

Bacon, Roger .... 86, 102 

Bainbridge, Commodore, . . 94, 95, 97, 98 

Ball, Joseph 86, 88 

BarnegatBay 44 

Barende-gat 4S 

Barnegat, Sandy 42 

Bass River 83 



Basse. Jeremiah 49 

Barnegat 44, 45 

Barndegat 45 

Bates, Benjamin 78 

Batsto 83, 86, 88, 89 

Batsto Furnace 81, 86, 88 

Baylor, Colonel 84 

Beauty on the Boardwalk, ig 

Bentlev Manor .. 

BeachRides 25 

Bedloe's Hotel 60 

Bedloe's Island, ,c 

Belisle, D. W 

Bell, Henry 

" Bentley " Ship ^ 

Beach Thoroughfare 61 

Bell, Walter D. ,„ 

Berkley, Lord ^ 

Beargat, 45 

Bew, Richard g- 

Billup's Point, 45 

Billup, Captain James 44 

Blake, John ,;, 

Boardwalk, history of 65 

Bog-ore 85 

Boice, Henrv 57 

Boice, Peter „ 

Boice, William 52 

Borderie de la, Lieut 77 

Bosen, Baron de 76 

Boston, . 03 

Boundaries of the City 61 

Bourse, William, . .' 86 

Bradford. William 100, loi 

Bristol Mills go 

Bryant, John 55. 57 

Breakers, Inlet 45 

Brown & Woelpper 65 

Brown, Chester 65 

Budd, John 6g 

Budd, Thomas 49. 51, 69, 70, 92, gj 

Burlington, '46, 49. 85, 03, 100 

Burlington County 86 

Burlington Militia 87 

Burnside, James 102 

Buttonwoods, The 82 

Buzzards Bay, 83 

Byllynge, Edward 71 

Carteret, Sir George 44 

Camp, Ensign John 77 

Campanius, Rev. John (Holm) 46 

Calvin, Bartholomew S 48 

Calcefar— Indian King 42 

Camden. S. C S4 




Carolinas 84 

Carre, Sir Robert 44 

Carroll, Lieut g? 

Caspian Sea 86 

Chestnut Neck 40, 73, 80, 8}. 84 

Chelsea 66 

Chelsea Heights, 61 

Chickohackl 42 

Cherokees Indians, 48 

Chichequaas Indians 43 

Chamberlin Tract 55, 57 

Chamberlin, Thomas 66 

Charles II.. 44 

Civil War period 64 

"Clam Eaters," 83 

Clam Thoroughfare, . . 61 

Clapp, J., loi 

Clark, Robert 95 

Clark's Landing 67, 68 

Clark, Mrs. Ruth, 68 

Clark, Thomas, 68 

Clarke, Captain James, ... 67, 68, 6g 

Clough, Samuel loi 

Climate, agreeable 16 

Coaquanock [Philadelphia] 74 

Coftin, William 60 

Coffin, John Hammonton 59 

Coftin, William, 59 

Collins, Daniel L., 60 

Collins, Captain Henry, 73 

Colwell, Stephen 59, 8g 

Congenial Friends 16 

Congress Hall 60 

Conover, Peter 51 

Conover, Ordelle, 65 

Conover, Rubanna 57 

Conover, Leira 65 

Conover, David 70 

Conover, Jacob, 69 

Conover, Jesse 70 

Conover, John 69 

Conover, Micajah, 70 

Conover Peter, 69, 70 

Conover, Peter B 70 

Constitution, Frigate g3. 95 

Cornbury, Lord 100 

Corson's Inlet 67 

Cottage Retreat 60 

Courvenhoven. Covenhoven, Coven- 
over, Conover, 69, 70 

Courvenhoven, Van Wolphert Garret- 
son 69. 70 

Courvenhoven, Jacob 69, 70 

Courvenhoven, Lieutenant 69, 70 

Courvenhoven, Garret 6g, 70 

Covenhoven, Isaac, 70 

Covenhoven, John 70 

Covenhoven, Joseph 70 

Cowdery, Surgeon's Mate 98 

Cox, John 88 

Co.x, William 88 

Coxe, Dr. Daniel 49, 71 

Cramer, Carrie 65 

Cunningham, Capt g; 

Curtin, Jeremiah 38 

Day, William 52 

Da Costa, John C 5g 

Davis, Captain John 78, 79 

Daye, Stephen loi 

Decatur. Stephen 94, 95, 96 

De Laet— historian 42 

De Vries. David Pieterzsen 67, 70 

Disston & Sons, Henrv 66 


Dixon, Daniel 95 

Don, River 86 

Doughty, Edward 6g 

Doughty, General Enoch 59 

Douglass. Captain 78 

Downes. Isaac W 95 

Dows, Hester Symons . . 69 

Down the Beacli b\' Moonlight 26 

Doyle, James, 89, go, gi 

Drinker Furnace 86 

Dry Inlet 51, 52, 55, 61 

Duberson, 88 

Dublin (Pa.) Meeting g2 

Easton Indian Conference 8g 

Eastworthy, Anne 102 

Edgepelick 88 

Egbay (Egg Harbor) 42, 43 

Egg Harbor, 67, 71, 72, 7?, 80, 83, 85, 88, 91, 92 

Egg Harbor City 86 

Elizabeth, Queen, 92 

Elwood 59. 80 

Election, first 62 

Ellis Island 45 

Elizabethtown 70 

Encroachments of the Sea 64 

Endecott, Gov. John, 6g 

Endicott, Allen B. (plate) i, 6g 

Endicott, Joseph 6g 

Endicott, Zerubbabel 69 

English Creek 60 

Engel of Vienna 102 

Epilogue 32 

Eriwoneck Indians 42 

Estaugh, John, 85 

Estell, John 86 

Etna Iron Works, . 87, 88 

Eusopus (Kingston), 6g 

Evans, Lewis (plate), 1,24 

Evesham 86 

Evelin, Robert 42. 67 

Eyre Haven, 44 

Excursion House, first 63 

Fair Haven, 83 

Fair Ocean Maid 47 

Falkenburg, Daniel 7g 

Farrell, W'm. E 83 

Father Abraham, 102 

Ferguson, Adam 84 

Ferguson, Captain Patrick, ... 74, 77, 83 

Frederick the Great 37 

Fitch, John 86 

Flatbush 89 

Forked River 72 84 

Forks, The, 77, 80, 81, 83, 84, 85 

" Fortuyn," Ship, 45 

Foster, John loi 

Fountain of Youth 52 

Fox, George 92 

Fox. , . . 52 

Frankford 90 

Franklin, Benjamin 102 

Franklin, Ship 93 

Gale, Samuel, 6g 

Gardner, John J., 64, 66 

Gardner, Thomas 100 

Gates, General 84 

George III.. King 85, 89 

Giljerson, William 78, 79 

Giltinan, Adele 65 

Giltinan, Caroline, 65 

Gloucester 71, 72 

Gloucester County 85 

Gloucester Iron Works 8g 




Gloucester-town 46 

Grill. Gideon, 64 

Great Egg Harbor, .... 44.45,69,85,92 

Great Egg Harbor River 88 

Griscom, Norwood, 64 

Great Bay 44 

Grey, General Charles 8?, 84 

Grey, Lord 84 

Gufiin, Ship 67 

Gunning, 25 

"Half Moon, ' ship, 44 

Hackett, Judith 57 

Hackensack 84 

Haddon, Elizabeth 85 

Haddonfield 85, 88 

Hann, Benj. Z 64 

Harris, James 95 

Harrison, . 95 

Ha\-, Andrew K 59 

Haves, James, 65 

Hackett, Richard 60 

Hammonton 42 

Haupt, William, 65 

Heat and Hurlx -Burly 18 

Heckwelder. Re\-. John 57 

Heston, A. M., i, 62 

Historians, stories of the earl\- 45 

History, illusions of, 37,42 

Hodgkins, Hannah 92 

Horner, John, 72 

Hook and Line 27 

Houston. William C., 80 

Howard Pier 61 

Holscom, Christian [Holdzkom] 55 

Holm, Rev. John Campanius 46 

Hudson Henry 44 

Hyde, Edward, 100 

Indian Mounds and Shell-Heaps, ... 39 

Indian Relics, 39 

Indian Stories and Traditions, ... 37. 48 

Indian sage, speech of, 49 

Indian tribes and their location 42 

Ireland, Amos 51 

Ireland, Daniel 51. 52 

Ireland, James 55 

Iron Furnaces 85 

Iron Works, first in New Jersey, ... 85 

Irving, Washington 77 

Israel, Joseph 95. q8 

James, Duke of York 44 

Jackson Glass Works 60 

Jones, Judge, 77 

Jones, John Paul 83 

Joy and Pleasure Through the Twelve- 
months, 30 

Jubilee, year of, 36 

Juet, Robert 44 

Juliet, Col. Gustav 76 

Kalendarium Pennsylvaniense, . . . loi 

Kechemeches Indians 42 

Keeble too 

Key of Calmar, Ship 67 

Keen, Sarah 51 

Keen, Mrs. Sarah Somers 97 

Keim, Jacob 64 

Keim, Newten 64 

Keith, William, 95 

Kill von Kull 45 

Kitchen Middins, 38 

Knyphausen, General 74 

Kriger, Captain Martin 69 

Ladd, John 51 

Lambert, Thomas, 100 


Lane, Henry, 78 

Land-Locked Water Preserve 28 

Latham, Thomas 55 

Lawrence, Capt. James 93 

Leonardo, Vincent 46, 47 

LeBarre, Jean '53 

Lee, Edward S .... 65 

Lee, Irving, 57 

Leeds, Andrew 57 

Leeds, Chalkley S 57, 60, 62 

Leeds, Daniel, 100, toi 

Leeds Homestead jg 

Leeds, Judith 57 

Leeds, James, 57. 58 

Leeds, Jeremiah 5ii 55. 56, 57 

Leeds, John 57, 58, 60 

Leeds Point 4^ 

Leeds, Robert B 57 to 

Leeds, Steelman . 60 

Leeds, Titan, loi, 102 

Lenni-Lenape . . 17, 18, 40, 48 

Lenapes, origin of 75 

Lenten and Post-Lenten Pastimes, . . 13 

Layman, Mary 65 

Little Egg Harbor 45, 74, 79. 88 

Leonard, Henry . . 85 

Leonard, James 85 

Literary Association, 64 

Lounging Places for All 14 

Long Island, battle of 85 

Longfellow, Henry W 85 

Lovelace, Lord 100 

Lowes, Daniel 100 

Lower Bank 67 

Lucas, Rev. Simon 83 

Machesautu.xen Branch 86 

Manhattan Island 69 

Martyr. Peter (note) 53 

Matas Indians, 43 

Matikongees Indians 42 

Manahawkin, 45, 79 

Maeroahkong Indians 42 

Mantesees Indians, 42 

Matoachen, Indian Chief 44 

Marriage among the Indians 45 

Maselian Creek 42 

Magarge, S. E., cottage of 50 

Mathis. Lewis 64 

Martha Iron Works 89 

Martha's Vinevard 83 

Mathis, Eli 83 

Mayslanding 80, 88 

Mcbonough, Commodore 97 

McCormick, Hugh 95 

McManus, Francis 56 

Mermaid, Transport 78 

Metuchen. Indian Chief 44 

Mey, Captain Cornelius Jacobsen, . . 45 

Miner, Mrs. Abagail 83 

Minquosees Indians 42 

Minnequa 46, 47 

Michener, J. H 60 

Migration of Red Men 48 

Mansion House 60.61 

Monmouth County 85 

Moore, Frank 9< 

Morris, Daniel 60 

Morgan, Captain 82 

Morse, S. R 64 

Moses — runaway servant 86 

Mount Holly 86. 88 

Mugford, Captain 93 

Muller, George 65 


Mullica, River. . . 45. 67, 70, 74, 83, 85, 100 

Mullica, Eric 67, 69 

Mullica Hill, 67 

Mullica Township 67 

Mulliner, Joseph 81 

Mundv, Marion 65 

Naming the Citv 61 

Nautilus 7}, 77, 83, 94, Q5 

Navesink Indians, 43 

Navigation, inception of steam 86 

Nanticoke, Indians 43. 76 

Neleigh, William 60 

Nelson, Admiral 94 

Nelson, William, . . 38, 41 

New Albion, Province of 42 

New Bedford 83 

New Jersey 84, 86, 87, 88 

Newton, 7i 

New Amsterdam 69 

Nicholls, Admiral Richard 44 

North Carolina 87 

North, Howard 64 

Nostrodamus— magician . 102 

Naraticongs (Indians) 42, 76 

Olebis 38 

"Old Ironsides," 93 

Oldman's Creek, 71,72 

Old-time Diversions, 35 

Oldest Hotel in Atlantic City (plate), . 34 

Old-time Patriots, 52 

Original Owners 49 

Original Surveys, 51 

Origin of Absecon, 40 

Osborne, Richard B., 60 

Osborn, Richard, Jr , . . . ; 76 

Osborn, Thomas, 76, 77 

Osborn's Island, 4^ 76 

Oyster Island 45 

Ozone off the Ocean 9 

Park House (plate), 54 

Panorama of Sea and Land 20 

Paoli 84 

Patconk Creek . 69 

Penn, William 100 

Pennsylvania, 88 

Pennsylvania Evening Post, ... 88, 93 

Pennsylvania Gazette 86, 102 

Pennsylvania Journal, ... ... 88 

Pennsylvania Packet 73, 81 

Penner, Peter, 95 

Pensaukin Creek 71, 72 

Permanent Settlement, first, 55 

Perth Amboy 44 

Peterson, C. J 83 

Peter the Great 86 

Philadelphia 85, 88, 90, 94 

Phild, Henry 65 

Pha-nix Bridge Company 66 

Pierce, William . . loi 

Pitney, Dr. Jonathan 59. 6° 

Place of Perennial Pleasure 28 

Plantagenet, Beauchamp 42 

Plaxground of the Countrv 23 

Pleasant Mills 85 

Pleasures of the Plaisance 21 

" Poor Richard," 102 

Porter, Joseph 59 

Port Republic 60, 80 

Portsmouth 92 

Ponce de Leon S2 

Popple, William too 

Potter, Ceil. William E 52 

Powell, Richard 78 


Primitive Americans, myths of 38 

Preble, Commodore 04, 95, 97 

Press, Daily 62 

Price, Richard 88 

Princeton, 89, 90 

Proctor, Col. Thomas 77, 83 

Prologue 6 

Pulaski, Count 73, 76, 77, 84 

Pulaski's Legion 73, 84 

Punch Bowl 82 

Purback, Astrologer, . 102 

Queen of the Coast, 7 

Rancocas Creek 49 

Ramcock (Rankokas Indians 1 42 

Railroad Litigation 64 

Raleigh. Sir Walter 37 

Raritan Bav 45 

Raritan Indians 42,45 

Ravmont 42 

Read, Col. Charles 87 

Read, Judge Charles 86, 87, 88 

Red Bank, . . 7t 

Reed, Dr. Thomas K 39, 55, 64 

Reed, Alfred, Vice-Chancellor 61 

Reed, General Joseph, 87 

Reid, Frederick 64 

Reimer, Samuel 102 

Revell, Thomas 100 

Review, Daily 84 

Revolutionary Reminiscences, .... 73 

Rhodes. D. D 60 

Richards, Jesse 59. St, 88 

Richards, Samuel 59. 60 

Richards, Thomas 50, 86, 88 

Richards. William '. 86, 88 

Ridglew Midshipman 96 

Ries, John 65 

Risley. Richard, 69 

Risle>', Thomas 69 

Robbin's Reef Lighthouse 45 

Romance of the Indian Maid 46 

Roval Charles, Ship 68 

Rum Point, 53 

Rundall, Mildred, . . • 65 

Salem, 46 

Salter. Edwin 72 

Salter's Ditch 86 

Salutatory, 5 

Sampson, Hezekiah, 52 

Sandy Ho.ik , 78 

Sanhigan Indians 42 

Saunders, Richard 102 

Schauftler's Hotel, 60, 61 

Scheyichbi 37, 42, 43 

Schwinghammer, Eugene 64 

Scott, John SI, 69 

Scott, Lewis P. (plate) i 

Scull, John 69 

Scull, Lillian 65 

Scull, Nan 64 

Scull, Peter 69 

Sea Isle Citv . . . 67 

Seal of the City 62 

Seven Mile Beach 67, 68 

Sevier, Colonel 75 

Sewaposees Indians 42 

Shield, Ship, 100 

Shoemaker, Charles, 88 

Sikonesees Indians 42 

Silvers, Homer 65 

Simms, James Q5 

Siren. Ship 97 

Smugglers at the Forks 85 




Smyth, Frederick 87 

Somers, Constant 94 

Somers, Col. Richard 51 

Somers Family q2 

Somers, J. B., Dr 97 

Somers, John. 51, 92 

Somers' Point 9? 

Somers, Ricliard 92, 93, 94 

Somers, Soptiia 93 

Somerset Plantation 92 

Sorin, Herman 65 

South Cape 42 

South River 88 

Southward 84 

Squawktown 57 

Staaten Eviandt . 44 

Stack, ' 60 

Staten Island 44 

Statue of Liberty 45 

St. Croix, . . ' 87 

Steamboat, Fitch's 86 

Steelman, Andrew 51, 65, 69 

Steelman, Frederick . . 51 

Steelman, James 51, 69, 79 

Steelman, Rachel 57 

Steelman, Richard 79 

Sterling:, Lord-General 84 

Stewart, Commodore Charles, . . 93. 94, 97 

Stibbs, George, 52 

Stone Harbor 67 

Stov, Franklin p. (plate) i 

Stoy, Mrs. F. P., 66 

Strong Hands 70 

Stryker, General Wm. S 87 

Stu\\esant, Peter 44, 69 

Summer Days Beside the Sea 17 

Summer Weather 'neath Winter Skies, 11 

Surf Bathing 22 

Surf House 60 

Sweetwater, 81, 83 

Sybrants Alye 67 

Tappan, Old 74. 77 

Tappan, Massacre at 84 

Taunton, Mass 85 

Taunton, N. J 86 

Taylor, Captain 78 

Taylor, Ida 65 

Taylor, Joseph, 102 

Thomas, Gabriel 42, 45 

Thomas Josyntee 69 

Tiascan Indians, 42 

Tinans Indians, 42 

Timber Creek 40 

Tompline, Thomas 95 

Toms River Courier 89 

Tonic for Invalids and Convalescents, 12 
Trenton . 87, 90 


Ti^'PO'' 93. 94 

Tuckahoe 78, 79 

Tuckahoe Indians, 43 

Tutelos Indians 43 

Tuckerton 57, 76, 84 

Turtle Indians 40, 43 

Unamis Indians 40,42,43 

Unilachtos Indians, . 43 

United States Hotel Co 61 

United States Hotel 6:; 

Utrecht, Holland 69 

Valley Forge 90 

Vanderdonck's Map 45 

Vigilant, Sloop 73, 76, 77, 83 

Volga River 86 

Wadsworth, Lieut. Henrv 95. 98 

Walker, Lewis M 88 

Walker's Forge 88 

Washington Iron Works 89 

Washington, Lady, Ship 93 

Washington Tavern 89 

Washington, George 73. 74, So, 94 

Watt, James, 86 

Wavne, Gen. Anthony, 84 

Wayside Inn 85, 89 

Wau-Koo-Naby 47 

Weary and Heavy Laden 10 

West. George, 5t 

West, Joseph 72 

Westcoat, Col. Richard 80 

Wekolis 47 

Webster-Hayne Literary Society, ... 64 

Wevmouth. . . 59. 88 

Wevmouth Forge 88, 89 

Wharton, Joseph 88 

Whales and Whalemen 70 

Wherein Atlantic Citv Excels 31 

White, Judith, Letart 94 

"White Ladies," 92 

White, Peter 94 

White Plains 89 

Williams, Jacob 95 

Willits, James 76 

Wills' Island, 45 

Winner, Uncle John 52 

Wiltbank, Eugene 64 

Wilted Grass, 48 

Wood, William 46 

Worcester, England 92 

Winslow, 59 

Wright, Joshua 'oo 

Wurtz, Hon. George 63 

'Xions, "4 

Yacomanshag Indians 114 

Young Men and Maidens 8 

Zebra, Sloop 73. 76, 77, 8,3 

Zounds "4 

























































. 3 


« >, 


^ « 



^, S 




to "" 



• 1 m' 

2 e2 

x: u 

^«2e.ii-z ^E-.So 
§-£5^« list 

H E- F- H H 


E ^ 


•cr= ; : : _c^21' E^'-^E" "^ - : B"- ;:-ze~'- E 

O Ol — 3 — 0.3 — Z2— G.Ci.3— 3 

\2 «-3 

1 3 — 

' m o£ 



•^ -<t ir\00 O O O^O 

\ §^5S.2^;?,S;^?.tC', 




tfe " '^ " " 

u-^ u^ »n\o O O 00 CO iri in li^oO u^ i/^ O lr^OO inmlONir»minONNOONNOOooONONu^ 


COOOOOOOOONNOOOlTvOl/^OOOOOONOOOOOO "nOO 00 00 00 r. O^ N N ir>00 O 00 00 







2 i: (/) c 

-1< (/)< 


in nil 1^ 

j^Oji^j: E£ o^ «£ <!< ^^ 
H H H H H i- E- 

CtOl/) >-■ 1/5 I-' 

E 2 

o g 


S(/)<(/)(/l< C/5< 










E S 

C(/) c 2 



B r 







O -^O 0ij~'ij^'J^0mDvO O t- 

o o o o o o 






a"&,""a^a&""g."""a&,"s^« "^" 5, 

22° °2S5222S 






O -a 

5 ° 



-'i I iiX HIP liilH 

_ ,^ ^^^_, Ou| 

x: £ -c u g "^ ■- oj 7 « c g «T3 ■" § 2 c Is ■- lA. « G •- « C ^ 0, 

— C .o — c I- 


• is 



1 . 

I/) C 



ct. 15. 

Oct. I 


- - t/)aj 







: : E-: : 

. ■ ■■ : .d-E^-^-C^- : = 






. . IS 

. .M 

■ ■> 

' ' C ' 

• -0 • • ■ • • ■ 

a. Oa 0^ a a a OS q: a a a ce Tn/-/ •/! ly, !/) I/) 73 7) I/) t« i/i 5 tfl t« H s- > > > > > > > > > 

.ill I 

1 If^ o -a 











^ :;,x:5 c J2-a Ji," cu- ^ .«=;« ajO.Jf S^/ii 

>,s «:: ^s "u i'^E St '.Si|= ^s s-i .- ? s § = 



O O I 

l5 c 


Dama:Q_imu0^u.i/)Qicc;SQii7,^xux£ HOiQQQiO 

:= (U< a;D, c 


_ - . ^ t— >■ t- <i- <r o 1^ <r' " '" 

< •- ,: -S ■ 

c(/) ^■>J"^-,t:^<: 


„ WUgUJ ^ ' 



■ o • c 

b. OJ o •- o 

d E 




-'U dU 


.2 c o E E 5; c c-^_. ; 



■S E c- 

New Jersey Avenue School— Chelsea School. 

I .J 

Z «35 i' 5-^ 

^■^ hV = S S '5 

£ c S £ « ~ ^ -'" S £ ^ 

•- 'iJ c^aj.So c ^~ ii — i: "^ 

.Ei«-f s•iiio:?■■ 

. — -a 

• £ i £ u 

IBank Building, 




cky ave 

> > > > 




O- O ^ M O-VO^ Tt B ^o 

!« C = 

bi > o- M > 

re B cu « 

■ 2 .y 0^ i: •- 

' '^ S ?: 3 = 



2 v-'ii^ S'-'^ 


t ■ 

-a . 

'.'.'.. .'^ '■ 

•a . 

■■'■-■ S c 

• • • tvO I* 

. . . C . >■ W 

J; 71 7-, taO « "2 ; 

£ U E £ oi "n (X (S a ix "^ a m m O 2c a < a C a U m a o D u 51 i7) S CD a X u CQ 1/1 < u ul 




1 = 11: 

ajJ2ii = ii33S<i'Ot3<uox:<uiuiii34ii;a;o>-ocj=C,a>E^ 

.*i 3^ 










Successors to ISRAEL G. ADAMS & CO. 

C. J. Adams, Pirsidmt. 
Llc;ils I. Wright, licasut, 
J. Byron Rogers, Sccietai 

Real Estate and 

XiiOLI-l Ct^llL'C* .Mortgages. 

Real Estate and Law Building, Rooms 2, 4, 6 and 8. 

Onl\' First-Class Companies Represented. 

Commissioners of Deeds for Penns\l\ ania. New Jersey and New York. 

NOTARY PUBLIC. 'Phone N o. 71. 

J. R CRAMER & CO., ^BentI^^^^^ ^"'^ '^^^'^^^'^e 

Convevancinff Money to Loan on Mortgages in amounts from .$500 to .$100,000. 

■^ *•' Interest as Low as Five Per Cent. 

Telephone 67. No. 1328 ATLANTIC AVENUE. 


Real Estate. Insurance. Conveyancing. Mortgage Loans. 
1309 Atlantic Avenue. 

P. O. Box :iS7. Lon- Distance 'Phone 287. 


Insurance and Real Estate. Money to Loan on Mortgage. Conveyancing. 

'Phone 138 No. 1315 ATLANTIC AVENUE. 


Building Lots — Chelsea, Ventiior, Lon.trport, Somers' Point. 
Mone\- to Loan on Mortgage, 5 per cent. Fire and Life Insurance. 

Union Real Estate company, 
1210 Atlantic Avenue. 

-^OKKictc 01- »■ 


Offices, 6 States Avenue R EAL ESTATE BROKERS. 


T. H. SMITH & CO., 

Loans Negotiated. No. 4 STATES AVENUE. 

E. H. COOK & CO. Real Estate, Insurance and Mortgages. 

'Phone 464. Cottages for Rent or Sale. Collections. 

Properties E.xchanged. Money Leaned i.n Mortgage. Collecting Agency. 

He T/"CT T CV P rC\ Conveyancing, Real Estate and Insurance, 

Teleplione 492. A Full List of Hotels and Cottages For Sale and Rent. 




Hotels, Cottages, Business locations, Beach-front Loca- 
tions, AND Land for Sale and to Rent on favorable terms 


We buy, sell and hanlle real estate, improved or not improved, on commission. Money is made by judi- 
cious investment or speculation in high-grade real estate. Money can be lost quicker than it can he made. We 
know where it can be made and vice versa. We don't handle over-boomed building sites or other real estate 
without merit. We'll be glad to serve you any lime and liirnish information Ireelw 




4-1 and43 south 




Under Le Grande 


M. A. DEVINE, Insurance, i harry WOUTTON, Law, Room No. II. 

Real Estate in all its branches. i Commissioner of Deeds for Pennsylvania. 

Money to Loan on Mortgage. Room No. lo. Conve>'ancing, Titles Examined. Collections. 



'Phone 555 

Mortgages 5 and 6 per cent. 



1436 ATLANTIC AVENUE. Opposite Real Estate and Law Building. 

JAMES B. SPRINGER, real estate and insurance. 

Money Loaned on Mortgages. Convevancin.L,r. Interest and Rents Collected. 

No. n S. new YORK AVENUE. 

Agents for Columbia Wagon Co.'s Wagons, Carriages and Harness. 'Phone 825. 

A. U. \A/ITHRO\A/, 

Conveyancing, Real Estate and Insurance. 


Properties Exchanged. Money Loaned on Mortgages. A full list of Hotels and Cottages 
for Sale or Rent. 



^^^NSul^NCE^BROKERS. Boardwalk and St. Charles Place. 

Hotels, Cottages and Boarding Houses for Sale or Rent. 
Telephone 96. Mortgages Placed for any amount. 

O. B. F^O\A/L.ER, Real Estate and Insurance, Notary Public, 

No. 14 South New York Ave. (opposite Post Office), Atlantic City, N. J. 

Hotels, Boarding Houses and Cottages for Sale or Rent. Money to Loan on Mortgage. 

Choice Ocean Front Lots for Sale. Easy Terms. 

EUWIN H. CUTHBERT. D. & A. ' Phone 494-L, 480-F. a. h. bond. 

E. H. CUTHBERT & CO., Real Estate and Investments, 

Hotels, Boarding Houses and Cottages for Sale or Rent. BOARDWALK, 

boardwalk Stores for Rent. Mt 

led on Mortgage. Near Rhode Island Avenue. 

J. P. GIBERSON & CO., Real Estate and Insurance Brokers, 

Hotels, Cottages and Boarding Houses for Sale or Rent. 

Mone\' to Loan on Mortgage. 

"Phone 514 (Atlantic Coast). g MT. VERNON AVENUE. 


H. L. Allen Company, 





I.F.llXARD II. AI.OER, Treas. 
H I.. AIXKX, Scc.iuid Gtn. M»n. 

Pacific and Kentucky Avenues. 

Hotels and Cottages in all parts of the City for Sale or Rent. 

Agents for Chelsea, Longport and Ventnor building lots. 

Long Distance 'Phone igg-A. 
Communications solicited and given careful and prompt attention. 

Residence: 621 Atlantic Avenue. D. & A. 'Phone ioq6-Y. 

NO..U.^«^^l«^.. S r*^ Hotels and Cottages for sale or rent a specialty. 
. bUbrenSky (k to., Mortgages and insurance. 

Both 'Phones. 


nAVin GILTiNAN ^^^^ ^^^'^^ 

■Rhone 612. MORTGAGES. 


The Bartlett Real Estate Co.; 


Telephone 640 



P. S. CORSON & CO., 
Real Estate and Insurance. 

Hotels and Cottiges for sale and rent 
Choice Sites for sale 


Commissioner of Deeds for New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania. Real Estate and Insur- 
ance. Notary Public. 

Real Estate and Insurance Broker. 

PropertN- for Sale. Rent or E.xchan^^e. 

C. ;. BRINTON, JR., 
Real Estate and Mortgages, 



Central Market, 

City Dressed Meats 

Headquarters for 
Finest Print Butter. 

Cor. Atlantic and Mar> lani 
Botli 'Phones No. 28. 

Refrigerator Salesrooms : 

834. S:i6, 8^8 N. Second Street, Ph 
Hotels and Restaurants Supplied. 

Slaughtering Department : 

Abbatoir Stock Yards. West Phila. 
Rolls and Tenderloins a Specialty. 


A good supply of 

No. 1913 Atlantic Avenue. 

kinds of Meats, Provisions and Vegetables 
Goods delivered free of charge. 

'Phone 129. 

instantly on hand. 

ALBION MEAT MARKET, f d Poihemus. 

Butter and Eggs, Meats and Country Produce. 


^S.^^ Atlantic Ave. 


Cottage Trade a Special' 

'Phone 5=;. 



Telephone 223. 

1202 Atlantic Avenue. 



;otfees; Fine Teas. 

Eastern Game and Poultry Co. '^^'^.^^l^^^^r''- 

Choice Fruits and Vegetables, Fine Jersey Poultry, 

Butter and Eggs 

SK) A.Tr, ANTIC A.VEISOK, Comer States Avenue. 

ROBERT L. BEYER, Telephone Connection. 

Wholesale and Retail Dealer in SELECT POULTRY, 

Gilt Edge Butter, Fresh Eggs, Sugar Cured Mams, Pure Lard, 

6 So. New York Avenue, opposite Post Office. 

F. Stadler's Bakery and IceCream Parlor. 

Atlantic and Virginia Avenues. 

Open all the Year. 

Telephone 262-A. 

^^/ Jk 




Full line of first-class Drugs. Patent and Proprietary Medicines. 
Perfumery and Toilet Articles. 

Prescriptions a Specialty. Atlantic and Illinois Avenues. 

Bell Phone 8-X. BROWNLEY'S PHARMACY, Coast Phonev^,. 
Blair, 1880 to '82. C. J. Brownley, Prop. 

Gaibreath, 1882 to 'gg. [sjgw York and Pacific Avenues. 

Brownley, iSgg. »-■ , , • r. .• , 

First-class in every Particular. 

K^^^UXl^^^^odeA^ DRUGGIST, 

Atlantic and Micliigan Aves. M orris Ave, and Boar dwalk. 

Pacific Avenue, 
^ ^ Cor. Kentucky Avenue. 

^^^^^Af^OTHKCAn Y^^^ 

Open all the Year. Prescriptions a Specialty. 


Doctor of Pharmacy, 
South Carolina and Pacific Avenues. 

'Phones 869 and 646-A. Free Delivery. 

^-^ . . Kvervthint; First-Clas 

^^ 1>A0MHXU^ Cor. Penr 


New York and Philadelphia Prices. . ,„o a+i«„+;- a,,^„,,^ 

We sell lower than any one in Atlantic City. ^oS Atlantic Avenue. 
Prescriptions called for and delivered to all A. C. 'Phone 607. 

parts of the City in shortest time possible. D & A 'Phone 58-F. 

Accurate Prescription Wurk. 

insylvania and Atlantic 

'Phone 106— Pull Either Wire. AU-the-Year Duggist. Prompt and Free Delivery. 
Established 1871. Both 'Phones 6?. 


U°s!'pos^tar'' Co''- Virginia and Atlantic Aves. 

Sub-Station, No. 2. Prescriptions a Specialty. 

F. W. COTTON, Ph. G., Manager. 


J. F. CRANDALL, D. D. S., 

Offices, 140S Atlantic Ave., over Central Pharmacy. 

w. F. SEEDS. Cor. Kentucky and Atlantic Avenues. 

^"''^PennTyivania Avenue. Cor. Pennsylvania and Atlantic Avenues. 


BACHARACH BUILDING. New York and Atlantic Avenues. 

AUG - 7 1902 




Office Hours: 

8 to lo A. M. 
2 to 3 P. M. 
7 to 8 P. M. 

i6i8 Pacific Avenue. 

Telephone 64. 


192 1 Pacific Avenue. 

Telephone 217. 


6cQ Atlantic Avenue. 

Turkish Baths, Thermal and Hydro-Electric Baths, Russian, Sulphur, Medi- 
laths are given bv skilled attendants. The treatment 

cated. Perfumed and Eleclri 
of Facial Blemishes and Manic 




114 So. S. Carolina Ave. 

Bell Telephone: Office. 351; Residence, 731-L. 

Consulting Hours : 9 to 10 a. m., i to 2 p. m., 7 to 8 p. m. 


The Thomas, Thomas Circle, Washington, D. C. Established 1890. 

Henrik Schoultz, M. G., Carl G. Lilliecreutz, M. G., Mrs. Henrik Schoultz, M. G. 
Swedish Medical Gymnasts and Masseurs. 

Everybody goes to Brigantine.** 


Across the Inlet. Along: the Beach. 

Brigantine Transportation Company Steamers 
run every few minutes in season. 

. . . See Holland House ad\ ertisement. 


For men 
and women. 



IV- *V, 



014 205 089 4