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Full text of "Hikayat Si-Miskin"

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4r ^^^ 



jyr 




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"^KABi^^ 




lOogle 




HIKAYAT SI-MTSKIK 



riTGEORrKK Doaa 



J* a A. VAN DISSEL. 



LEIDEK. — 1 



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TUr IIMlV/rDCITV Ar MiniJinAKt linnAnir-n 



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(i h ^joA '^^» ''^' -^ 



t ■ ' ^ 



HIKATAT SI-MISKIK 



UITGEOEYEN DOOR 



J. S. A- VAN DISSEL. 



BOEKHANDEL EN DRUKKERIJ 

TOOBBUK 

E. J. BRILL. 

LEIDEN. — 1897. 



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ROEKDRUKR£RIJ YOOrheen E. J. BRILL TE LEIDEM. 



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Z\ i'l,'^A 



1. Wil een tekst zich leenen tot de beoefening van een 
taal^ dan moet hij aan de nayolgende eischen yoldoen: 

1® eene rijke yerscheidenheid yan grammatische yormen; 

2° een eenyoudigen levendigen stijl, waarbij yooral tropen 
zoowel als grammatische en rhetorische tiguren in vol- 
doende afwisseling te yinden zijn. 

Aanbeyelenswaard is het, dat de intrigue niet te saai 
zij, doch dit is eene omstandigheid , die yoor de beoefe- 
ning yan weinig belang is. 

2. Onder de vele gedrukte maleische teksten nu, zijn 
er slechts enkele, die aan deze eischen in allen deele be- 
antwoorden. Het geyolg daaryan is dan ook, dat den 
docent in de maleische taal, wat aangaat de keuze van 
leerstof, de handen gebonden zijn. Hij is — wil hij geen 
nadeel toebrengen aan de wetenschappelijke methode yan 
zijn onderwijs — yerplicht , jaar-in jaar-uit, zich yan dezelfde 
teksten te bedienen. 

Elke yermeerdering derhalye van geschikte leerteksten ^), 



1) Ver8chil maak ik taaschen /^^-tekBten en leet-iokiitn. Het onderscheid 
tasschen deze twee categoriĕn wordt helaas b^ het beoefenen van een taal 



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kan niet anders dan met groote ingenomenheid begroet 
worden. 

Het is dan ook om die reden, dat ik als eerste van een 
serie leer-teksten de „Hikayat si-Miskin" uitgeef. 

3. De „Hi}cayai si-MisBn' beleefde te Singapore reeds 
eenige herdrukken. Terwijl het daar en op het schiereiland 
van Malakka door oud en jong gelezen wordt, is het in 
ouze bezittingen weinig of niet bekend; en toch verdient 
deze „Hikayat" wel eene nadere kennismaking. Voor de 
inlaodsche bevolking is deze tekst van waarde om de in- 
trigue, die zoo echt met haren literarischen smaak overeen 
komt, voor den philoloog door den rijken schat van phi- 
lologische eigenaardigheden, voor den lexicograaf door het 
voortreflfelijke materiaal, dat hij er in vindt, om bij den 
treurigen stand, waarop de maleische woordenboeken nog 
staan, aan zijn copia verborum een vasten basis te geven. 

4. De „si-Mi8kTn" zooals deze „Hikayat" ten onrechte 
in de wandeling genoemd wordt ^), kan men rangschikken 
onder de mythisch-ethnologische verhalen , waartoe o. a. de 
Hang Toewah behoort. 

De maleische novellist kan niet nalaten, aan zijn rijke 
fantasie den vrijen teugel te vieren, vandaar dat hij in 
deze „Hikayat's" ons de wonderbaarlijkste dingen opdischt; 
doch ondanks dat, vinden wij daarin een schat van prak- 
tische ethnologie, zoodat wij dankbaar mogen zijn, over 
zulk materiaal te kunnen beschikken om met a. s. O.-I. 
ambtenaren te behandelen. 



al te vaak nit het oog verloren. Zelfs in het in vele opzichten aitmnntende 
werk Tan Dr. Lichtenfeld: „Da8 Stadiam der Sprachen", wordt nog veel te 
weinig op dit ver8chil de aandacht geve8tigd 

1) Vergel. de HoUander, Handleiding hij de heoefening der Maleische taal 
en letterknnde pag. 844, N^ 88. 



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5. Bij de uitgave van de sirMiskin^ heb ik met het oog 
daarop , dat het een leer-tekat moest worden , een paar tech- 
nische wijzigingen ingevoerd. 

De eerste wijziging is niet van ingrijpenden aard. Ik 
heb nl. l^ den tekst in hoofdstukken verdeeld, deze zoo- 
veel mogelijk in overeenstemming brengende met den loop 
van het verhaal ; 2° dikwijls nieuwe regels laten beginnen ; 
3® telkens om de vijf regels een cijfer geplaatst. 

Bij de andere wijziging moet ik langer blijven stilstaan, 
daar zij iets nieuws is. 

Ik ben nl. door de bekende bereidvaardigheid van de 
Firma E. J. Brill in staat geweest eene interpunctie toe te 
passen. Dat eene interpunctie het lezen van een tekst ver- 
eenvoudigt, behoef ik niet nader uiteen te zetten; door het 
invoeren van leesteekens, zal ook, hoop ik, het streven 
naar transcriptie langzamerhand ophouden, want mijne lang- 
jarige ondervinding als docent heeft mij geleerd, dat een 
getranscribeerde tekst niet gemakkelijker wordt verstaan, 
omdat er met latijnscAe letters staat b. v. benteng en niet 
met maleische iXXjf doch omdat op den getranscribeerden 
tekst de interpunctie der moderne talen wordt toegepast. 

Een interpunctie toch geeft rustpunten aan het oog en 
daardoor ook aan den denkenden geest. 

Met het oog op de historische wording van het Arabisch- 
Maleische alphabet, bega ik door het invoeren van een 
interpunctie in het Maleisch ook geen ketterij; ik wil ten 
overvloede nog wijzen op het analoge ver8chijnsel, dat de 
«Pĕres Jesuits" te Beyrouth reeds eene gedeeltelijke inter- 
punctie in praktijk brengen op hunne arabische uitgaven 
voor eerstbeginnenden, zoo ook op het nog oudere voorbeeld 
van de latijnsche teksten , die oorspronkelijk van geen lees- 
teekens voorzien waren, terwijl in de nieuwere uitgaven 



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6 

der klassieken meer en meer de interpnnctie der modeme 
talen wordt overgenomen. Dit yolsta, om mijn standpunt 
nader toe te lichten. 

6. Bij het yaststellen van de type der leesteekens, heb 
ik mij door het Javaansch laten leiden en schrijf als: 

komma een / 

kommapunt „ // 

aanhalingsteeken „ «* 

punt „ o 

De „punt" is reeds in het Maleisch bekend. 

Bij het opslaan van den tekst, zal men zien, dat de 
toepassing van deze teekens niet iu het minst hinderlijk 
is. Dat het voorkomen zal, dat deze of gene zich hier en 
daar niet vereenigen kan met mijne methode van inter- 
punctie is begrijpelijk , doch dit heeft natuurlijk met de 
zaak zelve niets te maken. 

7. Wat de spelling der woorden in de „si-Miskin" be- 
treft, komt het voor, dat; 

1° op enkele woorden geen consequente spelling wordt 
toegepast; zoo vindt men ^L en sL* Juub^^ en 
JuL4-My, ^AjU^ en ^[S en nog een paar dergelijke 
woorden. Het zou voor mij een kleinigheid geweest 
zijn, een uniforme spelling te volgen, doch in een 
leer-tekst hebben zulke afwijkingen hunne paedagogi- 
sche waarde, vaudaar dat ik ze liet staan. 

2^ als eind-^ een g in plaats van een ^ gebruikt wordt. 
In alle Singapoorsche uitgaven wordt dit systeem ge- 
volgd. 

3° woorden die op a eindigen, worden gewoonlijk met 
een | geschreven, b.v. 15^5', LimIs> enz. 



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Yerder yindt men nog een paar afwijkingen, die licht 
in het oog yallen; het is hier de plaats niet om nader 
oyer deze spelling uit te weiden, ik hoop elders in den 
breede hierop terug te komen. 

8. De woorden, die niet in de woordenboeken staan 
opgegeven, zijn door den docent met een weinig kennis 
der yergelijkende taalstudie gemakkelijk te yerklaren. Ik 
heb hier alleen eene opmerking te maken oyer den naam 
^tw^ , die in den tekst yeelyuldig ^IIa^ wordt gespeld. 
fie aAeiding yan het woord in aanmerking nemende, moet 
ik aan ^Iul^ de yoorkeur geyen. 



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INHOUD. 



HooFDBTUK I. Lotgeyallen van ^jjJLmjo ^ . Geboorte van 
ĕjOjS\sLio . Ontstaan van het rijk (5;Li« v,.aamJ . Geboorte 
Tan ^y^ 5Lu blz. t— !♦. 

HooPDBTUK 11. Bezoek der kooplieden te ^^Lia» ^.AamJ* De 
twee kinderen van ^./SJami^ ^^ worden verbannen. 
De stad ^5jLm s^a^J brandt af blz. t»— 11. 

HoorDSTUK III. Wederwaardigheden van «uo^KLo en zijn 
zuBJe. Scheiding van broeder en zuster. Yerhaal om- 
trent ^sLm KJOa^. Deze vindt het zusje, dat den 
naam ^£)yiUo ^Lo krijgt blz. H— ri. 

HooPDSTUK IV. ^sJbo «^Lo vertelt haar levensgeschiedenis. 
Haar echtgenoot gaat gjoJS^sLo opzoeken. Yerdere lot- 
gevallen van auoj/KLo. Hij komt in het land der 
LmJLmo^ en vlndt daar de prinses ^'w^ L^^^ waar- 
mede hij in het huwelijk treedt. De LkM^AdMj»^ gaan 
uit om harten van wilde dieren te zoeken blz. \^\ — i/^i^ . 

HOOPDBTUK V. BjOjSULo en zijn vrouw ontvluchten het land 
der Lt»Lftiwu?i- Hij wordt door een Oy^^ in zee ge- 
worpen; door een yj ^^>X^t ingeslikt, wordt hij weer 
op de plaats zijner bestemmiug aan land gezet. Hij 
maakt zich aan zijn vrouw bekend blz. i^ie — ^y. 



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10 

HooFDSTTJK VI. ^iljj^ ^4^ wordt door den yorst van het 
land aan het hof genoodigd. auo^i^KLo maakt zich aan 
zijn zuster bekend. Straf yan den o^^u blz. dv — Hh- 

HoOEDSTUK VII. «^wS^LLo gaat zijn ouders opzoeken en 
vindt hen in armoedige omstandigheden blz. % — v1. 

HooEDSTUK Vin. gjo^Ui/o komt van zijn reis tenig. Op- 
tocht van ^LaS' JCjU3 . m^^Lo gaat met zijn zuBter 
naar hun ouders blz. y^ — a1. 

HooPDSTUK IX. De vor8t van «a3jJ kXj\ maakt krijgstoe- 
rustingen tegen auoJl%Lo. Gevecht tusschen de twee 
legers blz. a1— t*t. 

HooFDSTUK X. De krijg wordt voortgezet. De vader van 
auo^^^kLo zoekt zijn zoon op. Ver8chillende legerscharen 
komen bij elkaar. Ljo LJuI rukt tegen auoJ^kLo op 
en sneuvelt. ^ty AJ^ L^4^ ^^ ^^^^ broeder opzoe- 
ken blz. tM— iJa. 

HooFDSTUK XI. Huwelijk van L^d» iLo met Ljul Uul^^y 
zoo ook van ^L5 jCui met ^jXXx blOji . USL^^ 
kjul wordt koning in het rijk ftZ3«j aUjt . ^t^A^ t^g*^ 
gaat naar het land \^(Xj\ y^^ blz. itA— tM. 

HooPDSTUK XII. De schoonouders van auo^t^Lo zoeken hun 
kinderen op. Zij keeren rijk beschonken terug. Elk 
jaar maken de onderhoorige vorsten bij auo^S^t^Lo hun 
opwachting blz. tt**l — tl^t. 



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^jAA^y^ ^lj (jJLio <X-^ /&m''I^ JuJo JOj JuL^I JUS* 
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mxxj S\ji> ^yj ^Ju*, /^JumI ^) x^^t%Lo ^l>4^ ^^lpLi 
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