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Full text of "Hindustani self-taught with English phonetic pronunciation"

MARLBOROUGH'S SELF-TAUGHT SERIES. 



tPUSTANI 
L-F-TAUGHT. 




For 

STUDENTS 
TOURISTS 
TRAVELLERS 

&c., &c. 



AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA 



Ties . 
il Phrases 
itions. 



/, Legal, Religious, 
..jj Commercial Terms . 

Shooting and Fishing . . 
Money, Weights, Measures . 

Indian Titles, Castes, and 
Servants 






WITH PHONETIC 
PRONUNCIATION. 



YYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY 



By CAPT. C. A. THIMM. 



FIFTH EDITION. HINDUSTANI TEXT REVISED BY 

J. F. BLUMHARDT, M.A., M.R.A.S. 




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doth, 4/- Net 



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Hindustani Grammar Self-Taught, by Gapt. C. A. THIMIY1. Revised by 
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London ;-E. MARLBOROUGH & Co., Publishers, 51, Old Bailey, E,C, 4, 



MARLBOROUGH'S SELF-TAUGHT SERIES. 



Hindustani SelMaugt\t 



WITH 



ENGLISH PHONETIC PRONUNCIATION, 



BY 



CAPTAIN C. A. THIMM. 



FIFTH EDITION. 
Hindustani Text Revised by 



J. F. BLUMHARDT, M.A., M.R.A.S. 




tOISTCPtpl 



LONDON : E. MARLBOROUGH & Co., 51, OLD BAILEY, E.C 

1916. 

[ir.L BIGHTS JIKSKUVKD.] 



PREFACE. 



T'HE title of this volume indicates its purpose, and every endeavour 
has been used to make it of practical service to Travellers, 
Traders, Missionaries, and Soldiers, as well as to Students. 

A carefully prepared phonetic pronunciation is given through- 
out, the whole system of study being based on the way a child 
naturally learns to speak its native tongue. 

Thanks are due to Colonel F. FORJKTT (late of the Indian 
Army, President and Examiner in Hindustani of the Military Staff 
College, India), for the valuable suggestions he has given during 
the compilation of this treatise. 

The work has been divided into two volumes, the first 
" Hindustani Self-Taught" containing the matter most necessary 
for every-day requirements by those who find themselves in the 
midst of a .strange people without any knowledge of their speech, 
whilst in the second " Hindustani Grammar Self-Taught " a 
simplified scheme of study is developed to give the learner a more 
thorough grasp of the language.* 

In the present work the Persi-Arabic characters have not been 
given throughout, as comparatively few of the natives are able to 
read or to write, but the improved system of Roman letters and 
spelling used by Mr. John Shakespear in his Hindustani Dictionaries 
has been adopted, which provides at a glance a simple and ready 
way of learning to talk. 

It must be borne in mind that Hindustani, wneii well spoken, 
is a language of vowels and double consonants, and should be 
vocalized like Italian ; the great faults of Europeans, " clipping " 
their words, and leaving out the non-initial "h," must be 
scrupulously avoided. It must, however, be carefully noted that 
the phonetic columns are not in any sense a transliteration of 
the Persi-Arabic characters, but represent a consistent effort to 
express by English spelling and method the correct sound of the 
Hindustani words and sentences as spoken by educated natives, 
and this is worked out in accordance with the scheme adopted 
afc the last Congress of Orientalists. 



* Hindustani Grammar Self-Taught. By Capt. C. A. Thimm. Second 
Edition, revised and new matter added by Shams'ul '(Jlama Bavyid Ali 
Bitgrimi. M.A. Cantab, LL.B., Assoc. H.S.M. London, M.K.I.S. 1-2Q pages, 
crown 8vo., blue wrapper 2s. net, red cloth %s. 6d. net. E. MAUL.BOH-JUGII 
AND Co., Publishers, 51, Old Bailey, London, E.G. 



2004812 



NOTE TO THIRD EDITION. 



IN issuing this third edition of Hindustani Self-Taught, the 
Publishers desire to express their indebtedness to Professor J. F. 
Blumhardt, M.A., M.R.A.S., of London University, who has 
revised the whole of the Hindustani portions of the book, in- 
cluding the system of transliteration employed, and passed the 
proofs for the press. 

At the same time the scheme of phonetic pronunciation has 
been simplified, and the third or pronunciation column re-written 
throughout the book. 

Five pages of new matter have been included, partly in sub- 
stitution for less useful subjects and partly additional, viz., the 
vocabulary on " Health," pp. 40, 41, and the sections of conversa- 
tional sentences under "Travelling" and "Commercial," on pp. 
109-111. 

The complete work, consisting of the two volumes Hindustani 
Self-Taught and Hindustani Grammar Self-Taught, has now been 
thoroughly revised, and is of enhanced value and importance to 
students, officers, civil servants, missionaries, merchants, tourists 
and English-speaking residents in India. 

London, 1908, 



CONTENTS, 



FAOE 

The Alphabet, Introduction to 7 

,, ,, in Persi-Arabio Characters -8 

Urdu Penmanship (The Lord's Prayer in Hindustani) ... 10 

The Romanised Characters, with Phonetic Pronunciation ... 11 

Preliminary Notes 18 

VOCABULARIES. Pages 15 to 87. 
Animals, Vegetables, &c. : 

Animals, Birds and Pishes 18 

Fruit, Trees, Flowers and Vegetables 21 

Reptiles and Insects 20 

Colours ' 45 

Commercial and Trading Terms 75 

Fishing (Shooting and) ... ... 42 

Health 40 

House, The 28 

Eating Utensils 27 

Furniture 28 

Indian Titles, Castes and Servants 86 

Legal and Judicial Terms 79 

Mankind: Relations ... ... 24 

Human Body, The 23 

Dress 24 

Food and Drink 26 

Military Terms (Naval and) 62 

Titles 61 

Naval and Military Terms 62 

Numbers: Cardinal 43 

,, Collectives, Fractions, etc. ... 45 

,, Ordinal .*.. 44 

Parts of Speech : 

Adjectives - 46 

Adverbs, Conjunctions and Prepositions 66 

Verbs ... 49 



PAGE 

VOCABULARIES (continued) 

Professions and Trades "~ 82 

Religious Terms .' ... '... 77 

Ships and Shipping ... ... 33 

Shooting and Fishing ... 42 

Times and Seasons ... ... ... ... 36 

Muhammadan Year ... . ... ... ... 39 

Pars! Months 39 

Week-days 38 

Town and Country ... ... ... 30 

Travelling 34 

Washing List 87 

World and its Elements, The 15 

Land and Water 16 

Minerals and Metals ... ... ... 17 

Writing 85 

CONVERSATIONAL PHRASES AND SENTENCES. Pages 88 to 111. 

Breakfast 98 

Commercial ... 110 

Correspondence ... ... ... 104 

Dinner 99 

Evening 101 

Expressions : 

Surprise, Sorrow, Joy, Anger and Reproof 97 

Useful and Necessary Idiomatic 88 

Fishing 106 

Idiomatic Phrases ... ... ... ... 88 

% In Town 102 

Making Enquiries ... ... ... :.. 98 

Shooting 105 

Tea 101 

Time, The 102 

Travelling by Railway ... ... ... ... ... ... 109 

Washerman, The 108 

INDIAN MONEY 112 

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES " 112 



HINDUSTANI SELF-TAUGHT. 



THE ALPHABET. 

THE Persi-Arabic letters appear, at first sight, very bewildering to 
Europeans, and are a frequent cause of stumbling to many, who 
would find a knowledge of the language of immense importance to 
them. It is to meet this difficulty that the Romanized characters 
have been adopted in this work, as for ordinary colloquial purposes 
the Persi-Arabic letters are of little service, very few of the natives 
with whom one comes in contact being able to read or write their 
own language. 

Students who desire to study the wonderful literature of the 
East at first hand, must, however, overcome this initial difficulty, 
and to do this the best plan is to copy each letter repeatedly, and 
with care, until it is fixed in the memory, only two or three being 
dealt with at a time, and not the whole alphabet. In this way 
one is surprised how soon the characters in their various positions 
become familiarized to the mind. 

Having mastered the alphabet, the words given in the 
vocabularies should next be learned, pronouncing the phonetic 
aloud, and writing the word from memory in the Persi-Arabic 
letters, which can then be corrected by reference to the following 
tables. In this way the rudiments of the language will be easily 
acquired. 

The letters and sentences are written and read from right to 
Ljt, as in all the Semitic scripts, of which the Persi-Arabic forms 
part. To denote the end of a sentence a dash (-) or cross ( x ) is 
usually placed, as may be seen on reference to the specimen of 
handwriting on page 10. 



8 



THE ALPHABET IN PERSI-ARABIG 

WITH ROMAN CHARACTERS. 



Name. 


Detached 
Form. 


Forms used 
in Combination. 


Roman 
Characters. 

(For Phonetic 
Pronunciation, 
see pp. 11 & 12.) 


Final. 


Medial. 


Initial. 


Alif 


1 


I 


I 


1 


(see 
E p. ID. 


Be 


s-> 


^ 


Jk 


? 


b 


Pe 


v 


^ 


A 


i 


P 


Te 


e^> 


C^ 


A 


j 


t 


Ta 





el* 


I 


n 

j 


t 


Se 


& 


CU 


A 
Jl 


* 


8 


Jim 


K 


e 


s: 


- 


j 


Che 


f 


" 


s: 


, 


ch 


He 


r 


<- 


s 


r>- 


h 


KLe 


t 


g 


ae 


:=- 


kh 


Dal 


* 


A 


A 


J 


d 


Da 


& 


3, 


Jk 


2 


d 


gal 


j 


1 


i 


j 


B 


Re 


I 


j 


, 


J 


r 


Ra 


} 


5 


) 


J 


r 


Ze 


) 


j 


\ 


. } 


z 


Zhe 


J 


> 


A 


A 
J 


zh 



Name. 


Detached 
Form. 


Forms used 
in Combination. 


Roman 
Characters. 

(For Phonetic 
Pronunciation, 
see pp. 11 it 12.) 


Final. 


Medial. 


Initial. 


Sin 


' cr 


v 


Mk 


AM 


8 


SLIn 


J* 


Jz 


A 


A 


sh 


Sad 


u 


^ 


^ 


^ 


8 


zad 


u^ 


u* 


^ 


^ 


? 


To y e 


fc 


L 


L 


^ 


t 


Zo/e 


k 


& 


fe 


fe 


Z 


'Ain 





t 


* 


c 


'* 


Gbaiu 


i 


t 


X 


c 


g& 


Fe 


i j 


< a 


i 


i 


f 


Kaf 


j 




A 


j' 


k 


Kaf 


< i 


i X 


^ 


/ 


k 


Gaf 


& 


^ 


t 


i 


g 


Lam 


j 


J 


i 


i 


1 


Mi in 


r 


r 


>K 


- 


m 


Nun 


u 


c; 


A 


j 


u ** 


Wf^o 


J 


j 


^ 


J 


W, 0, U 


He 


8 


.X 


f 


A 


h 


Ye 


y 


^ 


^ 


J 


y, e, i 



* There is no Euiopean equivalent for this letter. 

* Th 9 foi-m ^ is used as a nasal, sea page 12. 



10 



fS>cJi 4*srr\A/t~OsC4. .. 




* Fora Romanized version, together with English Phonetic Prouucia- 
tion.see ' Hindustani Grammar Self-Taught." (E. &IABLBO&OUQB & Co., 
61. Old Bailey, London. E.G.) 



11 



Romanized Characters with Pronunciation. 



Pronunciation. 



I'honetie* 
used. 



Besembles the English u in up... ... ... u, a^ 

As a long in father ... ... ... ... a 

Like ai in aisle, i in bite, or y in my ... ... ai 

Like the English ou in our, or ow in cow ... ow 

As b in babble ... ... ... ... ... b 

As b with aspiration, closely sounded together \>h 

Always the soft sound, as ck in lurch ... ... ch 

As ch with aspiration, closely sounded together chh 
A soft d uttered by applying point of tongue to 

edge or back of upper front teeth ... ... d 

As the d above, with aspiration closely sounded dh 
Nearly like d in dull; uttered by striking point 

of tongue on 'palate ... ... ... ... d 

As the d above, with aspiration closely sounded, 

as dh in ivoodhouse ... ... ... ... dh 

As e in there or a in pane, not diphthongised ... eh 

As/infill f 

As g in ;/ood ... ... ... ... ... g 

As g with aspiration, closely sounded together gh 
A peculiar guttural sound, like that made in 

gargling ... gh 

As h in horse, but it serves to aspirate conson- 
ants, such as b, ch, d, g, k, p, &c., which see h 
As h forcibly expressed ... ... ... ... h 

As i in Jit... ... ... ... ... ... i 

As ee in feel ... ... ... ... ... ee 

As _;' in judge ... ... ... ... ... j 

As .7 with aspiration, closely sounded together jh 

As k in king ... ... ... ... ... k 

As k with aspiration, closely sounded together, 

like kh in workhouse ... ... ... ... kh 

Gutturally sounded with tremulous motion of 

throat, like ch in loch ... ... ... ... kh 



* When a wor.l finds In a with an unsounded h, the phonetic sign (or this 
termination will be "a." 



12 



Romanised 

Characters 



Pronunciation. 



/, //(, II 

n 

o 

P 
ph 
r 
r 

rh 
s, s 
sh 



th 

t 

th 
u 

a 

V 



As A; / uttered by pressing back the root of the 

tongue on the throat, and making a slight 

clicking sound... 
As in English ... ... ... 

A slight nasal sound, stronger than in the 

French "bon" 

As o in bone, not as in bond 

As in English ... t ... ... 

As p with aspiration, closely sounded together 

As in English, but with more vibration 

A hard r sounded by striking tip of tongue on 

palate ... ... .... 

As r with aspiration, closely sounded together 

As s in sin 

As sh in shine 

As s and . (As pronounced by the Arabs it 

resembles th as. in thin) 
A soft * uttered with point of tongue on edge 

or back of upper teeth 
As t above, with aspiration closely sounded 

together, not as th in the or thing 
As t in tub nearly; much harder than t and t... 
Aspirated t, like th in Lofthouse 
Short, as u in pull, full ... 
Long, as oo in cool 
As in English 
Between v and w... 
As y in you, always a consonant 
As z in English, without distinction, by the 

people of India and Persia ... 
As the French j, or s in pleasure, or in azure 



The Romanized characters are used for the Hindustani words 
throughout. 



* A hardly audible u>, occurring In a few Persian words, 
t Very rare ; perhaps not occurring at all lu the work. 



18 
PRELIMINARY NOTES. 



It is quite practicable to acquire an exceedingly good 
knowledge of Hindustani for colloquial purposes by means 
of the method and system contained herein, for the pro- 
nunciation need present no difficulty in its acquisition if 
the learner will remember that in Hindustani each letter 
has only one sound, and that one sound is always the same, 
and that every letter of a word must be distinctly sounded 
in accordance with the rules laid down in the preceding 
pages. This is not the- case in English, for many letters 
have various sounds and are sometimes not sounded at all. 
This is, therefore, the most important rule in pronouncing 
Hindustani represented by Roman letters. 

The vowels can be sounded alone, but the consonants 
can only be sounded with the aid of a vowel. 

The vowels used in Hindustani require careful attention, 
as they differ in sound from the English, being more like 
the German ; but the consonants are sounded very much 
as in the English. 

The diphthongs ai and an are represented in the pho- 
netic column the former by ai (as in aisle) ; the hitter 
by OH' (as in cow}. But the conjunction of these letters a 
and t in Hindustani words, or of a and o or u, may not 
always represent diphthongs. Thus, the word lard'i (battle) 
is not represented properly by lurai, but by lurd'ee ; and 
ndo (boat) is pronounced not nou or now, but nd'o. 

An inverted comma (as in the word 'Urn) denotes the 
occurrence of the Arabic letter 'am, a strong guttural 
breathing for which there is no equivalent in any Euro- 
pean language. 

In all combinations such as bh, c/ih, dh, gh, jh, kh, th, 
and the like, the initial consonant should be strongly 
aspirated. 

A final unsounded h in Persian and Arabic words is 
omitted in the transliteration, and the preceding a is 
expressed by that letter, instead of by , in the phonetic 
pronunciation; e.g., banda (Per.-, bandah servant) and its 
phonetic equivalent bunda. 



14 

Nouns in Hindustani, generally speaking, have no 
article. (See Hindustani Grammar Self-Taught.) 

The general rule for forming the plurals of nouns is : 
For the Nominative case masculine nouns of Hindi origin 
ending in a change into e ; all others remain unchanged. 
Feminine nouns ending in I add an ; all others add en. 
For the Oblique cases all nouns, masculine or feminine, 
add on, the a of masculine Hindi nouns being dropped. 

In the construction of a sentence the verb is invariably 
placed at the end, an auxiliary verb coming after the 
principal verb. The negative particle na, or nahln, pre- 
cedes the verb, and generally comes between the principal 
verb and its auxiliary; as Wuh jd nahln (or no) sakd "he 
could not go" literally, "he to go not could." The 
negative of prohibition is mat ; it may be placed after the 
Imperative for emphasis; as Matja'o or Jd'o mat "don't 

go-" 

In questions the interrogative pronoun or adverb is 
placed just before the verb, instead of at the beginning 
of a sentence, as in English ; as Tumhdrd ndm kyd hai ? 
"your name what is?" Turn kalian j ate ho? "you 
where going are ? " 

The direct narration is always preferred to the indirect, 
the "reported speech being usually introduced by the con- 
junction kih that. Thus, " I told him not to come to- 
morrow " is translated, "I told him that 'To-morrow 
don't come." 

An adverb of time precedes that of place ; as Kal 
wahdiijd'o " to-morrow there go." 

Special attention should be paid to the use of the Agent 
case, instead of the Nominative, with a transitive verb in 
a past tense. (See the rules on " The Particle ne" in 
Hindustani Grammar Self -Taught, p. 38.) 

The respectful pronoun dp ("your honour") should 
always be used when addressing a superior, or native of 
rank or respectability. The ordinary pronoun turn (you) 
would be derogatory and disrespectful. The Genitive and 
Dative (or Accusative) cases are dpkd and dpko. A plural 
number in the Third Person should be used with the 
Nominative ; as Ap kahdn rahte hain 1 " where do yOu 
live ? " 



VOCABULARIES. 

1. The World and its Elements. 

(Jahdn aur uske 'Andsir.J 





anunmmau* 


ronuiicitti/iou. 


Air 


hawd 


huwa 


cloud 


bddal, megh 


badul, mehgh 


-*' cold 


thand 


thund 


^ darkness 


andherd, tdrikl 


undhehra, tareekee 


dew 


os, shabnam 


os, shubnum 


^^dust 


dhiil, gard 


dhool, gurd 


earth 


zamln 


zumeen 


East 


purab, masluik 


poorub, mushri/c 


eclipse 


g rah an 


grtihun 


fire 


dg, dtish 


ag, atish 


fog 


kuhdsd, lalhrd 


kuhasa, koohra 


frost 


paid 


pala 


God 


Khudd, Allah 


Muda, ullah 


hail 


old 


ola 


^-heat 


garml 


gurmee 


^heaven (sky) 


asman 


asman 


hell 


jahannam 


juhunnum 


light 


roshnl, nur 


roshnee, noor 


lightning 


bijli 


bijlee 


moon 


chdnd, mdhtdb 


chand, mahtab 


(full) 


badr, pumimd 


budr, poornima 


(new 


hilal, nayd chdnd 


hilal, nuya chand 


moonlight 


chdndnl 


chandnee 


nature (world) 


l dlam 


'alum 


North 


uttar, shimdl 


uttur, shimal 


rainbow 


dhanuk 


dhunuk 


/ shade 


chhd'on, sd<jd 


chha'on, saya 


shadow 


sdyd, parchhd'in 


saya, purchha'een 


sky 


dsmdn 


asman 


South 


dakkhan 


dukkhun 


^sun 


suraj, dftdb 


sooruj, aftab 


thunder 


garaj, karak 


guruj, kuruk 


^weather (season) 


mausim 


mowsim 


West 


pachchham, maghrib 


puchchhum, mu^/i- 


^wind 


hawd 


huwa [rib 


^world 


dunya, jahdn 


dunya, juhan 



* Komanized characters are used for the Hindustani words throughout. 



16 
2. Land and Water. (Zamln aur Pdnl.) 

English. I Hindustani. I Pronunciation. 



Bay 


kjiallj 


Muleej 


s~ beach 


kindra 


kinara 


cliff 


dhdng 


dhang 


coast 


kindra 


kinara 


current 


dhdrd, sail 


dhara, sail 


ebb 


bhdthd, jazr 


bhSp^a, juzr 


flow (rising tide) 


jawdr, madd 


juwar, mudd 


foam 


phen, jhdg 


phehn, jhag 


ice 


barf 


burf 


island 


tdpu, jazira 


tapoo, juzeera 


lake, pond 


jhil, tdldb 


jheel, talab 


land 


zamln 


zumeen 


mainland 


barr 


burr 


s* mud 


kichar 


keechur 


peninsula 


jazira 


juzeera 


xrain 


menh, bdrish 


mehnh, barish 


x river 


nadl, daryd 


nudee, durya 


rivulet 


ndld 


nala 


rock 


chatdn, pdhdr 


chufan, puhar 


sand 


ret, bdlu 


reht, baloo 


sandbank 


char 


chur 


sea 


samundar, daryd 


sumundur, durya 


sea-shore 


sdhil 


sa/iil 


shore 


kindra 


kinara 


snow 


barf 


burf 


star [land) 


tdrd, sitdra 


tara, sitara 


storm (at sea or on 


tufdn, dndhi 


toofan, andbee 


stream 


sotd, dhdrd 


sota, dhara 


thaw 


pale kd pighld'o 


paleh ka pighla'o 


tide 


madd o jazr 


mudd o juzr 


at high \jawdr, madd 
,, at low bhdthd 


juwar, mudd 
bhatfta 


water , \pdnl, db 


panee, ab 


,, fresh 


tdza pdni 


taza panee 


,, salt 


lond pdnl . 


lona panee 


shallow 


uthld pdnl 


uthla panee 


waterfall 


db-shdr, jharna 


ab-shar, jhurna 


wave 


mauj, lahr 


mowj, luhr 


well 


ku'dn 


-koo'an 



17 



3. Minerals and Metals. (Dhdton In Fihrist.) 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


Agate 


sang-i-sulaimdni, 


sung-i-sulaimanee, 




yashab 


yushub 


alum 


phitkarl 


phitkuree 


amber 


kah-ruld 


kuh-ruba 


-brass 


jntal, birinj 


peetul, birinj 


bronze 


kdnsl 


kansee 


carbuncle 


sliab-chirdgh 


shub-chira^/A 


cement (mortar) 


gach 


guch 


chalk 


kharl mittl 


khuree miee 


clay 


chiknl mittl 


chiknee mi^ee 


coal 


ko'eld 


ko'ehla 


copper 


tdmbd, mis 


tamba, mis 


coral 


mungd, marjdn 


moonga, murjan 


crystal 


billaur 


billowr 


diamond 


hlrd, almas heera, ulrnas 


emerald 


zumurrud zumurrud 


glass 


shlshd, kdnch sheesha, kanch 


gold sand, zar 


sona, zur 


gravel 


kankar, kankan 


kunkur, kunkuree 


iron 


lohd, dhan 


lob. a, ahun 


,, cast 


dkdhrdn lohd 


t/Aalwan loha 


,, wrought 


sdkhta lohd 


sa/cAta loha 


lead 


sisd 


seesa 


lime 


chiind 


choona 


marble 


sang-i-marmar, 


sung-i-murmur, 




marmar 


murmur 


mercury 


par a, slmdb 


para, seemab 


metal 


dhdt 


dhat 


onyx 


sang-i-sulaimdnl 


sung-i-sulaimanee 


opal 


dUdhiyd patthar 


doodhiya putthur 


pearl 


moil, gohar 


motee, gohur 


ruby 


Idl, ydkut, mdnik 


lal, ya/coot, manik 


sapphire 


nll-niani, faflr 


neel-muni, sufeer 


silver 


cfidndl, nukra 


chandee, nu/cra 


eoda (carbonate of) 


sajjl 


sujjee 


steel 


fuldd, ispdt 


foolad, ispat 


stone 


patthar, sang 


putthur, sung 


tin 


kala'i, rdngd 


fculu'ee, ranga 



HludugUni S.T. 



18 

4. Animals, Birds, and Fishes. 

(Jdnwaron, Chiriyon aur Machhliyon kl Fihnst.) 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


^ Animal 


jdnwar, fyaiwdn 


janwur, /taiwan 


barking 


bhaunktd 


bhownkta 


bear 


rlcJih, bhdlu 


reechh, bhaloo 


^-bird 


chiriyd, parand 


chi^-iya, purund 


bleating 


mimiydtd 


mimiyata 


braying 


renktd 


rehnkta 


bull 


sand 


sanrf 


calf 


bachhera (m.) 


buchhehi-a 


carp 


rohii 


rohoo 


^cat 


billd (m.), billl (f.) 


billa, billee 


-chicken 


chuza 


chooza 


claw 


ndkhun, changul 


na/c/iun, chungul 


cock 


murrih, murghd 


mur^A, mur^/ta 


colt 


bachherd 


buchhehra 


.^cow, cowb 


gd'e 


ga'eh 


crab 


kentcrd 


kehwkra 


^crow 


kauwd, kdg 


kowwa, kag 


cuckoo 


kokild, ko'il 


kokila, ko'il 


> dog 


kuttd (m.) 
kuttl, kutiyd (f.) 


kutta 
kuttee, kutiya 


donkey 


<7od/ta(m.) ,gadhl(L] 


gudha, gudliee 


dove 


\fdkhta, kabutar 


fa/c^ta, kubootur 


duck 


bat, batak 


but, butuk 


eagle 


'ukdb 


u/cab 


eel 


bdm 


bam 


^ elephant 


hdtki, fll 


Lathee, feel 


feather 


par 


pur 


filly, foal 


bachheri 


buchhehree 


fins 


machhli ke par 


muchhlee keh pur 


x fish 


machhli, mdhi 


muchhlee, mahee 


fox 


lomrl 


lomree 


fur 


tamur, pashm 


sumoor, pushm 


gills 


galphard 


gulphura 


, goat 


bakrd(m.}, bakrl(L] 


bukra, bukree 


goose 


hans, rdjhdns 


huns, raj hans 


hair 


bdl 


bal 


hare 


khar-goth 


khur-gosh 



English. 


19 

Hindustani. 


Pronnnclatlon. 


hen 


murfjhi 


mur<7^ee 


hog 


su'ar 


soo'ur 


hoof (nail) 


sum, khur 


sum, khur 


horn 


sing, shdkh 


seeng, shaM 


horse 


ghord, asp 


ghora, usp 


howling 


nauha karta 


now/ta kurta 


lamb, kid 


bara, blierl kd bacli- 


bura, bhehree ka 




cha 


buchcha 


lark 


chakdwak 


chukawuk 


leech 


jonk 


jowk 


lion 


sher, singh 


shehr, singh 


lioness 


shernl, singhnl 


shehrnee, singhnee 


lobster 


jltingd 


jheenga 


louse 


jun, chillar 


joon, chilldr 


maggot 


klrd, kirm 


keera, kirm 


mane 


ydl, aydl 


yal, uyal 


mewing 


man 


mow 


monkey 


bandar, bozna 


bundur, bozna 


mouse 


cJiuhi, chiihiyd 


choohee, choohiya 


mullet 


parldn 


pur/tin 


neighing 


hinhinndtd 


hinhinnata 


nightingale 


bulbul, liazdr- 


bulbul, hnzar- 




ddstdn 


dastan 


owl 


ullu, bum 


ulloo, boom 


ox 


bail 


bail 


oysters 


kaxtdrd 


kustoora 


parrot 


totd 


tota 


partridge 


kabk, tltar 


kubk, teetur 


paw 


panja 


punja 


pheasant 


tadarv 


tudurv 


Pig 


su'ar, ghfiltd 


soo'ur, ghehnfa 


pigeon 


kabutar 


kubootur 


pike 


neza, garhii/d 


nehza, gur/iiya 


quail 


hater 


butehr 


rat 


chuhd, musd 


chooha, moosa 


raven 


jangll kauwd 


junglee kowwa 


salt fish 


nimkln machJdi 


nimkeen muchlilee 


scales 


choyd, chhilkd 


choya, chhilka 


shrimp 


chingrl 


chingree 


sheep 


blur, bheri 


bhehr, bhehree 


B 



20 



English 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


shell-fish 


sipl-wdll machhll 


seepee - walee 






muchhlee 


snipe 


chdhd 


chaha 


sow 


su'arl 


soo'uree 


sparrow 


gauriyd, chiriya 


gowriya, chiriya 


swallow 


abdbil 


ubabeel 


swan 


rdj-hans 


raj -buns 


tail 


dum, punchh 


dum, poowchh 


^tiger 


bdgh, slier 


bagh, shehr 


tigress 


bdghnl, shernl 


baghnee, shehrnee 


turkey 


peru 


pehru 


turtle 


kachhu'd, satig- 


kuchhoo'a, sung- 




puslit 


pusht 


turtle-dove 


kumri 


tumree 


weasel 


newald 


nehwula 


wing 


par, pankh 


pur, punkh 


wolf 


bheriyd, gurg 


bhelmya, gurg 


woodpecker 


kath-phord 


kuf/iphora 


wool 


un, pashm 


oon, pushm 


5. Reptiles and Insects. ( Hashardt aur Kire.) 


^ Ant 


chyuntd, chyuntl 


chyoowfa, chyoon- 


bee (honey-) 


mumdhhl, shahd 


mumakhee, shuhd 




kl makkhl 


kee mukkhee 


(humble-) 


bhringl 


bhringee 


beetle 


gubrautd, gubreld 


giibrowta, gubreh- 


bug 


khatmal 


khutmul [la 


butterfly 


titll, parwdna 


titlee, purwana 


caterpillar 


bhu'd, jhdnjhd 


bhoo'a, jhanjha 


crocodile 


magar 


mugur 


flea 


pissu 


pissoo 


- fly 


makkhl 


mukkhee 


frog 


mendak 


mehnduk 


gnat 


machchhar, dans 


muchchhur, dans 


grasshopper 


phangd, tiddl 


phunga, tiddee 


insect (maggot) 


lard, kirm 


keera, kirm 


locust 


tiddl 


tiddee 


s mosquito 


machchhar 


muchchhur 


moth 


patangd, parwdna 


putunga, purwana 



English. 


21 

Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


scorpion 


bichchhu 


bichchhoo 


^-serpent 


.saw/), mar 


samp, mar 


silkworm 


resliam fed fcird 


rehshum ka keem 


snail 


ghongd 


ghonga 


snake 


samp 


samp 


spider 


makrd, makrl 


mukra, muk?-ee 


sting 


nesli, dank 


nehshs rfank 


toad 


mend ale, gh.uk 


mehnrfuk, ^r/iook 


tortoise 


kachhu'd 


kuchhoo'a 


viper 


tlr-mdr 


teer-mar 


wasp 


birni, barr 


birnee, burr 


wax 


mom 


mom 


worm 


klrd, Jcirm 


keera, kirm 


6. Fruit, Trees, Flowers and Vegetables, 


(Phal, Darahkt, Phiil aur Tarkdn.} 


^-Apple 


seb 


sehb 


^ beans 


bdkila, sem 


ba/cila, sehm 


beetroot 


chukundur 


chuMndur 


* branch 


ddl, ddll 


dal, rfalee 


cabbage 


kobl 


kobee 


/ cauliflower 


phul-kobl 


phool-kobee 


cherry 


shdh-dlu 


shah-aloo 


chestnut 


shdh-ballut 


shah-bulloot 


cinnamon 


ddr-chlni 


dar-cheenee 


cucumber 


kakrl, khlra 


kukree, kheera 


currants 


kishmish 


kishmish 


fagot 


balhl 


bulhee 


fig 


anjlr 


unjeer 


fir 


$anaubar 


sunowbur 


s flower 


phill, gul 


phool, gul 


forest 


jangal, dasht 


jungul, dusht 


S ginger (dry) 


sonth, zanjabll 


sonth, zunjubeel 


(green) 


ddrak 


adruk 


grape 


angur, ddkh 


ungoor, dakh 


kernel 


gudd, mayhz 


gooda, mughz 


leaf (of a flower) 


pankhrl 


punkhree 


^ (of a tree) 


pattd 


putta 


^ lettuce 


kdhu, salat 


kahoo, sulat 



22 " 

English. Hindustani. j ' Pronnn elation. 


lily 


sosan 


sosun 


lily-of-tbe-valley 


saman 


sumun 


lime (fruit or tree) 


llmu 


leemoo 


mace 


jdwatrl 


j aw u tree 


melon 


phut, hharbuza 


phoot, /Jturbooza 


mint 


podlna 


podeena 


mistletoe 


bandd 


bunda 


mulberry 


tilt, shahtfit , 


toot, shuhtoot 


myrtle 


as 


as 


nettle 


anjira, bichhdtd, 


unjira, bichhata, 




gazna 


guzna 


nosegay 


guldasta 


guldasta 


nut 


jauz i 


jowz 


nutmeg 


ja'e-phal 


ja'eh-phul 


nut-shell 


jauz kd chhilka 


jowz ka chhilka 


oak 


balliit 


bulloot 


olive 


zaitiln, jalpd'e 


zaitoon, julpa'eh 


pear 


ndshpdtl 


nashpatee 


pepper 


mirch 


mirch 


pine-apple 


anannds 


unuunas 


pine-tree 


sanaubar 


sunowbur 


pink 


gul-i-machak 


gul-i-muchuk 


plum 


bair 


bair 


potatoes 


dlu 


aloo 


radish 


mull 


moolee 


raisin 


kishmixh 


kishrnish 


raspberry 


rasbarl (English) 


rusburee 


root 


jar, bekh 


jur, behAVi 


rose 


gul, guldb 


gul, gulab 


spinach 


isfdndj, pdlafc 


isfanaj, ptiluk 


stalk (of a plant) 


ddll 


rfalee 


strawberry 


strdban (E.) 


straburee 


stump, trunk 


thunth, tuttd 


thpoiuh, funJ 


tamarind 


imli 


inilee 


tobacco 


tambdku 


tumbakoo 


tree 


darakht, jhdr 


duruMt, jhar 


tulip 


Idla, shakaik 


lala, shu/ca'i^ 


vine 


tdk, latd 


talc, luta 


violet 


banafsha 


bunufsha 


walnut 


akkrot, chdr-magJiz 


uMrot, char-mu^r/tz 



7. The Human Body. ( 

English. , Hindustani. 


'Badan.) 
Pronunciation. 


A.rm 


bdzti 


bazoo 


^back 


pith 


peef/i 


beard 


ddrhl, rts/t 


</arhee, reesh 


blood 


lahu, khun 


luhoo, Moon 


^-body 


;'im, badan 


jism, budun 


bone 


haddl 


hurfrfee 


^x cheek 


gal, rufch 


gal, ruM 


chest 


chhati 


chhatee 


chin 


thuddi, thori 


thuddee, thoree 


cough 


khdnsl 


khasee 


^ear 


hdn 


kan 


elbow 


kuhnl 


kuhnee 


-x-eye 


ankh, chashm 


awkh, chushm 


eyebrow 


abru, bhaun 


ubroo, bhow 


eyelid 


papotd 


puf>oa 


face 


munh, chihra 


muwh, chihra 


^finger 


ungll 


unglee 


^foot; feet 


pdnw; pa 


panw; pa 


forehead 


mdthd, peshdni 


matha, pehshanee 


gums 


masura 


musoo?-a 


^ hair bdl 


bal 


s*- hand hath 


hath 


^-head V, mund 


sir, mund 


^^ heart ,dil, kalb 


dil, &ulb 


kidneys \gurda 


gurda 


knee 


ghutna, zdnu 


ghuina, zanoo 


leg 


tang, pdnw 


^ang, panw 


lip 


lab, honth 


lub, honth 


liver 


kalejd, jigar 


kulehja, jigur 


lungs 


phephre, shush 


phehphreh, shush 


medicine 


dawd 


duwa 


mouth 


munh, mulch 


munh, mukh 


nail 


nd/chun 


naMun 


neck 


gardan 


gurdun 


x nose 


ndk 


nak 


shoulder 


kdndhd 


kandha 


skin 


chamrd 


chumra 


stomach 


mi'da', pet 


mi'da, peht 


throat 


gala, halk 


gula, fiuUi 



24 



English. 


Hindiist&nl. 


Pronunciation. 


thumb 


angusht-i-nar, 


ungusht-i-nur, 




angutha 


ungooi/ta 


/- toe 


panic Id ungll 


pa?iw kee ungloe 


s* tongue 


,zabdn, jibh 


zuban, jeebh 


^- tooth 


dant 


dawt 


wound 


ghd'o, zakhm 


gha'o, znkhm 


8. Mankind; Relations. (Banl-ddam, Sayd'l.) 


Aunt (paternal) phiiphi, chachi ^ 


phoophee, chuchee 


,, (maternal) 


mausl, Wiala 


mowsee, A-7/ala 


^boy 


larka 


lu?-ka 


x- brother 


bhdi 


bhaee 


brother-in-law 


said 


sala 


^ child 


bachcha, larka 


buchcha, lurka 


cousin (male) 


chacherd bJtdl 


chuchehra bhaee 


,, (female)* 


chacherl bahin 


chuchehree buhin 


cripple 


langrd 


lungm 


daughter 


betl, larhl 


behtee, lurkee 


dwarf 


baund 


bowna 


family 


khdnddn 


/c/mndan 


,.> father 


bdp, wdlid 


bap, walid 


father-in-law 


susrd 


susra 


/ girl 


larkl 


lurkee 


hunchback 


kubrd 


kubra 


husband 


kjiasam, shauJiar 


/t/tusum, showhur 


man 


mard 


murd 


marriage 


bydh, shddl 


byah, shadee 


^mother 


ma, wdlida 


ma, walida 


mother-in-law 


sds 


sas 


^parents 


md-bdp, wdlidain 


ma-bap, walidain 


^ sister 


bahin 


buhin 


son 


beta, larka 


behta, lurka 


uncle (paternal) 


chachd 


chucha 


,, (maternal) 


mamu 


mamoo 


^ wife 


joru 


joroo 


a woman 


'aurat, zan, stri 


'owrut, zun, stree 


9. Dress. (Poshak.) 


Bonnet 


zanani topi 


zunanee fopee 


^boot 


juta, fata 


joota, jootee 



25 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


braces 


gdlis 


galis 


brush 


Onrush (E.) 


burush 


button 


tuk&a, ghundl 


tukma, ghunrfee 


cap 


\opl 


topee 


chemise 


kaml* 


/mmees 


cloak 


labdda 


lubada. 


^ clothes 


kapre 


kupreh 


coat 


kurtl 


kurtee 


^_ collar 


kdlar (E.) 


kalur 


^comb 


kanghl 


kunghee 


cotton 


ru'l, pumba 


roo'ee, pumba 


drawers 


pa' e- jam a 


pa'eh-jama 


dress 


pesliwaz 


pehshwaz 


x-~ glove 


dastana 


dustana 


^ hat 


topi 


topee 


^- handkerchief 


rumdl 


roomal 


needle 


sii'l, siijd 


soo'ee, sooja 


overcoat 


labdda 


lubada 


^ parasol 


chhatri 


chhutree 


petticoat 


sdya, ghdghrd 


say a, ghaghra 


pin 


alpln, kdntd 


ulpeen, ka?jfa 


^ pocket 


jeb 


jelib 


purse 


thaill 


thailee 


ring (for finger) 


anguthi 


ungoo/iee 


^ shirt 


kami? 


fcumees* 


shoe 


juti, pdposh 


jootee, paposh 


sleeve 


dstln 


asteen 


'slippers 


silpat (E.) 


silput 


--soap 


fdbun 


sabun 


^ sock 


moza 


moza 


stays (corset) 


istej (E.) 


istehj 


stocking 


moza 


moza 


thread 


sut, tdifd 


soot, tagu 


-^tie 


gala-band 


gula-bund 


^ trousers 


patlun (E.) 


putloon 


umbrella 


clihdtd, chhatri 


chhata, chhutree 


undervest 


banyan, anyd 


bunyun, unga 


veil 


burka 1 


burAa* 


\vaistcoat, 


wdskit (E.) 


waskit 


watch 


gharl 


ghu/ee 



28 
10. Food and Drink. (Khane-plne kl chlzen.) 

English. | Hindustani. | Pronunciation. 



Bacon 


bekam (E.) 


behkum 


beans 


sem, lobiyd 


sehm, lobiya 


^x beef 


blf gosht, gd'e k 


beef gosht, ga'eh 




gosht 


ka gosht 


beer 


blr shardb 


beer shurab 


bottle 


botal, shisha 


botul, sheesha 


brandy 


brdndl shardb 


brandee shurab 


bread 


rotl, nan 


roiee, nan 


breakfast 


hdzirl 


/mziree 


brinjal* 


baingan 


baingun 


butter 


makkhan 


mukkhun 


cheese 


panlr 


puneer* 


cocoa 


ndriyal 


nariyul 


cigar 


churut 


churoot 


coffee 


kahwa 


/cuhwa 


cream 


mala'i 


mula'ee 


curds 


dahl 


duhee 


curry 


kdrl 


karee 


dinner 


khdnd 


khana 


. - egg 


andd, baiza 


unrfa, baiza 


fat 


charbl 


churbee 


fish 


machhll 


muchhlee 


flour 


did, maidd, sujl 


U&, maida, soojee 


food 


khdnd 


khana 


- fowl 


murgh, murf/Jd 


rnur/7/i, murr/7tee 


<- fruit 


mewa, phal 


mehwa, phul 


gin 


jin shardb 


in shurab 


glass 


shisha 


sheesha 


ham 


hem gosht 


lehm gosht 


hunger 


bhukli 


)hookh 


ice 


barf 


>urf 


kidney 


jurda 


gurda 


lamb 


halwdn ka gosht 


lulwan ka gosht 


luncheon 


tijin 


ifin 


* meat 


gosht, mans 


gosht, mans 


boiled 


usnd 


isna 


,, roast 


kabdb 


cubab 


milk 


dudh, shir 


loodh, sheer 



An Indian regetable, often made into curry. 



27 

English. Hindustani. 


Pronunctatloii. 


mustard 


rd'i 


ra'ee 


^ mutton 


bher ka gosJit, 


bhehr ka gosht, 




mat tan gosht 


muffun gosht 


^ oil 


tel 


tehl 


pepper 
,, (black) 


mirth 

hall mirch 


mirch 
kalee mirch 


,t ( red ) 


lal mirch 


lal mirch 


V / 

pork 


su'ar ka gosht 


soo'ur ka gosht 


pudding 


putin (E.) 


pufin 


rice (boiled) 


bhat 


bhat 


salad 


saldt 


sal at 


salt 


namak, Ion 


numuk, Ion 


sausage 


lanyuclia 


lungoocha 


soda water 


wilayatl pdnl 


wilayutee panee 


soup 


shorbd 


shorba [misree 


. sugar 


shahar, chlnl, misrl 


shukur, cheenee, 


supper 


rat ka khdnd 


rat ka khan a 


tea 


chae 


chaeh 


thirst 


piyas 


piyas 


^-tobacco 


tambaku 


tumbakoo 


tooth-pick 
veal 


khilat 
bachhre ka gosht 


Milal 
buchhreh ka gosht 


vegetables 


tarkari, sabzi 


turkaree, subzee 


vinegar 


sirka 


sirka 


water 


pdnl 


panee 


whiskey 


wiskl shardb 


wiskee shurab 


wine 


shardb 


shurab 


11. Eating Utensils. (Klulne he Bartan.) 


-^Cup 
dish 


piydla 
bartan 


piyala 
burt'un 


^ fork 


kdntd 


kanfa 


glass 
^- knife 


shlsha 
chhiiri 


sheesha 
chhooree 


metal bowl 
,, napkin 
nut crackers 


katord 
mez ka tauliyd 
sarotd 


kutora 
mehz ka towliya 
surota 


^ plate 

* saucer 


bdsan 
pirich 


basun 
pirich 



English. Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


^ spoon 


chamcha 


chumcha 


table-cloth 


mez kl chddar 


mehz kee chadur 


tea-pot 


chde-ddn 


chaeh-dan 


, - towel 


tauliyd (E.) 


towliya 


water-jug 


furdhl 


sura/tee 


12. House and Furniture. (Ghar aur Sdmdn.) 


Apartment 


kothrl 


ko^ree 


armchair 


dram kl chaukl 


aram kee chowkee 


ashes 


rdkh 


rakh 


basin 


bartan, bdsan 


burtun, basun 


* basket 


tokrl 


tokree 


* bed 


palang 


pulung 


- bedding 


bichhaund, bistar 


bichhowna, bistur 


bedroom 


palang led kamrd 


pulung ka kumra 


bedstead 


palang 


pulung 


bell 


ghantd 


ghunfa 


blanket 


kam-mal, kamll 


kummul, kunilee 


blinds (Venetian) 


jhilmill 


jhilmilee 


box 


$anduk 


sundoo/c 


^- brick 


mt 


eent 


broom 


jhdru 


jharoo 


candle, wax 


mom-batti 


mom-butteo 


candlestick 


shama'ddn 


shumu'dan 


..- carpet 


farsh, shatranji 


fursh, shutrunjee 


ceiling 


chhat 


chhut 


cellar 


tah-khdna 


tuh-Mana 


/ chair 


chauki, kursl 


chowkee, kursee 


clock 


ghariydl 


ghuriyal 


coal 


ko'eld 


ko'ehla 


counterpane 


palang-posh 


pulung-posh 


cupboard 


bdsan kl dlmdrl 


basun kee almaree 


curtain (native) 


parda 


purda 


cushion 


gaddl 


gudd^e 


dining-room 


khdne kd kamrd 


klianeh ka kumra 


,- door 


darwdza 


durwaza 


drawing-room 


gol kamrd 


gol kumra 


fan 


pankhd 


punkha 


flame (of a fire) 


anch 


anch 


floor 


zamin 


zumeen 



29 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


footstool 


vnlndlid 


moond/ta 


frying-pan 


kardhi 


kurahee 


furniture 


sdmdn 


saman 


garden 


baghlchd 


bugheecha. 


^ house 


ghar, inakdn 


ghur, mukan 


iron 


istrl 


istree 


kettle 


degh, degltcha 


deh^, deh//Acha 


key 


chdbl, kunji 


chabee, kunjee 


kitchen 


bdicarchi-kh.an a 


bawurchee-Mana 


lamp 


chirdyh 


chira^r^ 


lid 


dhaknd 


rf/mkna 


^lock 


kufl, tola 


/oifl, tala 


., looking-glass (mir- 


d'ina 


a'eena 


ror) 






v matches 


diyd-sald'l 


diya-sula'ee 


mattress 


toshak 


toshuk 


piano 


bdjd 


baja 


picture 


taswir, naksha 


tusweer, nu/csha 


pillow 


takiya, bdlisli 


tukiya, balish 


pillow-case 


takiye kd rfhildf 


tukiyeh ka ^Ailaf 


plank 


takhta 


tu/c/ita 


portmanteau 


petl 


pehfee [dehgr/tcha 


pot 


hdndl, degh, deghclia 


handee, deh^A, 


^ quilt 


razd'l 


ruza'ee 


roof (thatched) 
room 


chhappar 
kothrl, kamra 


chhuppur 
ko/tree, kumra 


seat 


kursl 


kursee 


- sheet 


chddar, chaddar 


chadur, chuddur 


shovel 


belcha 


behlcha 


- smoke 


dhudn 


dhooa?i 


sofa 


fu/a 


suffa 


soot 


kdjal, kdlilt 


kajul, kalik 


staircase 


slrlil, zlna 


seer/iee, zeena 


stairs 


slrhl 


seer/tee 


,* stone 


patthar 


putthur 


table 


mez 


mehz 


tongs 


cldmtd 


chimta 


towel 


tauliyd (E.) 


towliya 


trunk 


anduk 


sundoofe 


/Wall 


diwdr 


deewar 



English. 


80 

Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


wardrobe 


dlmdrl 


almaree 


waterpot 


ghard 


ghu?-a 


wax-candle 


mom-battl 


mom-buttee 


, window 


khirkl, jharokd 


khi?-kee, jhuroka 


wood 


lakrl 


lukree 


13. Town and Country. (Shahr aur Mufassal.) 


^ Bank 


kinara 


kinara 


barn 


ambdr 


umbar 


bridge 


pul 


pul 


building 


'imdrat, ghar 


'imarut, ghur 


bush 


jhdr 


jhar 


cathedral 


bard girja 


bu?-a girja 


cattle 


maweshi 


muwehshee 


cemetery 


kabristdn 


Aubristan 


chemist 


klmiydyar 


keemiyagur 


church 


girjd 


girja 


coffee-house 


kahwa-khdita 


A:ubwa-A-/iana 


country 


dihdt, mufa$sal 


dihat, rnufussul 


courtyard 


chauk 


chowk 


custom-house 


parmat ghar 


purmut ghur 


..- ditch 


ndld, khd'l 


nala, kha'ee 


edifice 


'imdrat 


'imarut 


exchange 


chauk 


chowk 


farm 


kdsht 


kasht 


fence 


tattl, bar 


tuttee, bar 


field 


khet, maiddn 


kheht, maidan 


fisherman 


machhwd, mdhlylr 


muchhwa, mahee 






geer 


footpath 


pag-dandl 


pug-dunt^ee 


forest 


jangal 


jungul 


garden 


baghlchd 


bu<7/teecha 


gate, door 


darwdza 


durwaza 


grass 


ghds 


ghas 


^hartjour 


bandar 


bundur 


hay 


sukhl ghds 


sookhee ghas 


herd 


galla 


gulla 


herd of elephants 


halka 


/ml/ra 


high-road 


rdsta 


rasta 


highway 


shdh-rdh 


shah-rah 



81 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


^hill 


chhotd pahdr 


chhofa puhar 


hospital 


shifd-khdna 


shifa-Mana 


hotel 


hotal (E.) 


hoful 


huntsman 


shikari 


shikaree 


hut 


jhomprl 


jhompree 


inn (native) 


sard'e 


sura'eh 


^ lane 


gall, kucha 


gulee, koocha 


log 


kundd 


kunda 


market 


bdzdr 


bazac 


(fair) 


hat 


ha* 


meadow-land 


ohardgdh 


churagah 


^ mile 


mil 


meel 


mill 


chakld 


chukkee 


monument 


yddydrl, nishdnl 


yadgaree, nishanee 


^ mosque 


masjid 


musjid 


x mountain 


pahdr 


puhar 


.-palace 


mahal 


mu/tul 


^- path 


rdsta, sarak, rah 


rasta, su/-uk, rah 


pillar 


khambhd 


khumbha 


police-office 


kotwdll, thdnd 


kotwalee, thana 


post-office 


ddk-yhar 


dak-ghur 


prison 


iel-khdna 


jehl-A:/iana 


public-house 


kaldl-khdna 


kulal-/c/iana 


(tavern) 






railway 


rel kl sarak 


rehl kee suruk 


x river 


nadl, daryd 


nudee, durya 


.x-road 


rdh, rdsta 


rah, rasta 


school 


maktab 


muktub 


shepherd 


gadariyd 


guduriya 


-~ shop 


dukdn 


dookan 


^- square 


chauk 


chowk 


street 


sarak, rdsta 


su?-uk, rasta 


^ temple 


mandir 


mundir 


thatched house 


bangla 


bungla 


theatre 


tamdshd-gdh 


tumasha-gah 


timber 


kdth, lakrl 


ka/i, lukree 


town, city 


shahr, nagar 


shuhr, nugur 


town-hall 


kachahrl 


kuchuhree 


tower 


burj 


burj 


tramway | trem kl sarak 


trehm kee suruk 



English. 


82 

Hindustani. Pronunciation. 


tree 


daralcht, per 


duru/cAt, pehr 


university 


ddru'l 'nhlm 


daru'l 'ulooui 


valley 


dara, u'ddl 


dura, wadee 


. village 


gdnw, bastl 


gaww, bustee 


waterfall 


db-shdr, jharna 


ab-shar, jhurna 


wood 


jangal 


jungul 


14. Professions and Trades. (Pesha.) 


Apothecary, ' 


l attar t panxari 


'uttar, punsaree 


architect 


mi'mdr 


mi'mar 


baker 


rotl-wdld 


rofee-wala 


banker 


sdhilkdr 


sahookar 


barber 


nd't, hajjdm 


na'ee, /mjjam 


blacksmith 


lohdr 


lohar 


boatman 


kishti-wdld 


kishtee-wala 


bookbinder 


jild-saz 


jild-saz 


bookseller 


kitdb-farosh 


kitab-furosh 


brewer 


bozagar, kaldl 


bozagur, kulal 


bricklayer 


raj 


raj 


brick-maker 


int-patherd 


eeni-puthehra 


butcher 


kaa'l, ka$sdb 


/iusa'ee, A;ussab 


carpenter 


barhal 


burhaee 


cashier 


khazdnchl 


/c/tuzanchee 


clergyman 
elprk 


pddrl $dhib 
ftiufiarrir, kdtib 


padree, sa/tib 
mu/mrrir, katib 


coachman 


ffdrlwdn 


gareewan 


.cook 


bdwarchl 


bawurchee 


cutler 


cJihurl bandne-wdld 


chhuree bunaneh- 


diver 


fjhota-khor 


^f/tota-/c/ior [wala 


draper 


bazzdz 


buzzai 


engineer 


kal-sdz 


kul-sai. 


farmer 


kisdn, jotddr 


kisan, jotdar 


farrier 


salotrl, ndlband 


sulotree, nalbund 


fisherman 


machldl-wdla 


muchhlee-wala 


florist 


mali 


malee 


fruiterer 


mewa-farosh 


mehwa-furosh 


glazier 


shlsha-wdld 


sheesha-wala 


goldsmith 


zar-gar, sundr 


zur-gur, sunar 


governess 


ustdnl 


ustanee 


guide 


rdhnuma 


rahnuma 



88 



English. 


HiurtusUnl. 


Pronunciation. 


jeweller 


jauhari 


jowhuree 


mason 


raj 


raj 


merchant 


sauddgar, baipdrl, 


sowdagur, baipa- 




tdjir 


ree, tajir 


messenger 


harkdrd, ka*id 


hurkara, A-asi-i 


milkman 


dudh-icdld 


doodh-wala 


miller 


plsan-Jidra 


peesun-hara 


nurse. wet 


dd'l 


dti'ee 


officer 


'uhda-ddr 


'uhda-dar 


optician 


chashma-farosh 


chushma-furosh 


photographer 


'aksl tasiclr-sdz 


'uksee tusweer-saz 


physician 


Jialtim, tablb j/tukeem, tubeeb 


policeman 


pollR-wdla 


polees-wala 


porter 


mazdur, kull 


muzdoor, A:ulee 


printer 


chhdjme-wdld 


chhapneh-wala 


saddler 


zin-sdz 


zeensaz 


sailor 


malldh, jahdzl 


mulla/t, juhiizee 


servant 


naukar 


nowkur 


shepherd 


gadariyd 


gurfuriya 


shoemaker 


mochl 


mochee 


shopkeeper 


dukdn-ddr 


dookan-dar 


soldier 


Ki/mhl 


sipahee 


student 


tdlibu'l-'ilin 


talibul'l-'ilm 


tailor 


darzl 


durzee 


tinsmith 


kala'igar 


/culu'eegur 


tobacconist 


tamkhera 


tumkhehra 


trade 


shnyhal, peslia 


shu/7/ml, pehsha 


waiter 


khidmatgar 


/f/tidmutgar 


washerman* 


dhobi 


dhobee 


watchmaker 


gharl-sdz 


ghuree-saz 


workman 


kdrigar 


kareegur 


15. Ships and Shipping. (Jahdz.) 


Anchor 


langar 


lungur 


boat 


kishtl, nd'o 


kishtee, na'o 


bow 


sird 


sira 


cabin 


dabusa 


duboosa 


cable 


burj, rassa 


burj, russa 


deck 


takhta 


tuAVtta 



There are no laundresses In India. 
Hindustani 8.T. 



84 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


fishing-line 


chau-taggl 


chow-tuggee 


fishing-raft 


tdpd 


tapa 


flag 


nishdn 


nishan 


helm (rudder) 


patwdr, sukkdn 


putwar, sukkan 


light-house 


mandr 


munar 


mast 


mastfd, dol 


mustool, dol 


oar 


ddnd 


daud 


rope 


rnssd 


russa 


rower 


ddndl 


t/anc/ee 


sail 


pdl, bad-ban 


pal, bad-baa 


ship 


jafidz 


juhaz 


shipwreck 


jahdz-sliikanl 


juhaz-shikanee 


steersman 


sukkdnl, mdnjhl 


sukkanee, manjhce 


stern 


dabusa 


duboosa 


voyage, passage 


khep, safar 


khehp, sufur 


waterman,bpatman 


malldh, mdnjhi 


mulla/i, manjhce 


wharf 


gJidt 


gha< 


wharfinger 


ghdtwala 


ghatwala 


16. Travelling. (Safar.) 


Arrival 


Jimad 


amud 


bill 


hisdb 


/tisab 


bridle 


lagdm, bay 


lugam, bag 


cabman 


gdrlwdn 


gareeewan 


captain 


ndkhudd 


na/c/iuda 


camp 


pard'o 


pura'o 


carriage 


jdrl 


garee 


coachman ) 




_ 


driver J 


gdrlwdn 


garee-wan 


cushion 


gaddl 


guddee 


departure 


rawdnagl 


ruwanugee 


engine 


kal 


kul 


guide 


rdhbar, rdhnumd 


rahbur, rahnuma 


hotel 


hotal (E.) 


hotul 


interpreter 


tarjumdn 


turjuman 


key 


kunjl, cJiabl 


kunjee, chabee 


landlady 


bhathiyarin 


bhufAiyarin 


landlord ' zaniinddr, malik 


zumeendar, malik 



85 



English. 


HiudusUnl. 


Pronunciation. 


language 


zdban 


zuban 


luggage 


chlz-bast, nial, 


cheez-bust, mal, 




asbdb 


usbab 


office 


daftar 


duftur 


palanquin 


pdlkl 


palkee 


payment 


add 


uda 


pilot 


arkdti 


urkatee 


porter 


motiyd 


niodya 


postage 


mahful 


mu^sool 


railway 


rel kl sarak 


rehl kee suruk 


rail way -carriage 


rel-gdrl 


rehl-garee 


railway-station 


rel kd isteskan (E.) 


rehl ka istehshun 


receipt 


rasld 


ruseed 


reins 


rds 


ras 


road 


rdsta 


rasta 


rug 


kammal 


kummul 


saddle 


zln 


zeen 


steamer 


dg-bot 


ag-bof 


stirrup 


rikdb 


rikab A . 


strap 


tasma 


tusma 


tent 


khlma, tainbu, 


kheema, tumboo, 




derd 


tfehra 


tent-hook 


phall-kash 


phulee-kush 


tent-pegs 


mekji, khuntl 


mehkh, khoon^ee 


ticket 


tikat (E.) 


fikut 


voyage 


danjdl safar 


duryaee sufur 


waiter 


khidmatgdr 


Midmutgar 


weight 


wazan 


wuzun 


whip 


chdbuk 


chabuk 


17. Writing. (Tal t nr.) 


Address 


thikdnd 


f/akilna 


blotting-paper 


jdzib kdffhaz 


jazib ka#Auz 


book 


kitdb 


kitab 


copy 


nakl 


nu/cl 


date 


tdrlkh 


tareeM 


envelope 


lifdfa 


lifafa 


ink 


roshna'l, siydhl 


roshna'ee, siyahee 


(red) 


Idl siydhl 


lal siyahee 


inkstand 


dawdt 


duwat 


o# 



88 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


letter 


khatt, chitthl . 


Mutt, chittAee 


letter paper (writ- 


Wchne kd kdghaz 


likhneh ka ka#iuz 


ing paper) 






paper 


kdghaz 


k&ffhuz 


pencil 


pinsil (E.) 


pinsil 


penknife 


kalam-tardsh, 


Aulum-turasb, 




chdku 


chaA;oo 


postage 


ddk kd maJffill 


tfak ka mu/isool 


postbag 


ddk kd thaild 


d&k ka thaila 


postman 


ddk-wdld 


(/ak-wala 


post-office 


ddk-ghar 


(/ak-ghur 


post-paid 


maJi^iil diya hu'd 


mu/tsool diya hoo a 






[dusta 


quire of paper 


kdghaz kd ek dasta 


ka^uz ka ehk 


registered 


rijistrl 


rijisfree 


scissors 


kainchl 


/cainchee 


seal 


muhr, chhdp 


muhr, chhap 


sealing-wax 


lakh 


lakh 


sheet ^ 


td'o 


ta'o 


signature 


dast-khatt 


dust-Mutt 


steel pen fuldd kd kalam 


foolad ka /mlum 


telegram tar Jcl khabar 


tar kee Mubur 


18. Times and Seasons. (Wakt aur' Mansii . ) 


Afternoon 


sihpahar 


sihpuhur 


beginning 


shuru* 


shuroo 


birthday 


janam-din, sdlgirah 


junum-din, sal- 






giruh 


Christmas 


bard din 


bura din 


dawn 


bhor, tarkd 


bhor, turka 


day 


din, roz 


din, roz 


day and a half 


derh roz 


dehrA roz 


day by day 


din ba din 


din ba din 


day of the week 


din 


din 


,, ,, ,, month 


tdrikh 


tareeM 


days 


aiydm 


aiyam 


dayafter to-morrow 


parson 


pursow 


day before yester- 


parson 


pursow 


day 






daybreak 


gawerd 


suwehra 




English. 


87 

Hindustan!. Pronunciation. 


every day 


har roz 


hur roz 


from day to day 


din din 


din din seh 


in a few days 


thore dinon men 


tho?*eh dinon melm 


some days ago 


thore din hu'e 


thoreh din hoo'eh 


Easter 


istar (E.) 


eestur 


end 


dkhir 


&khir 


evening 


sham 


sham 


fortnight do-hafte, ddhd 


do-hufteh, adha 


mahind 


muheena 


half ddha 


adha 


holiday ta'ttl ', tu'teel 


hour (than, ghantd ghuree, ghunfii 


,, half an 


ddha ghantd adha ghunfa 


,, quarter of an 


pdo ghantd pao ghunfa 


hourly 


flhafi-ghari ghuree-ghuree 


last night 


kal hi rat 


kul kee rat 


later 


der-far 


dehr-tur 


mid-day do-pahar 


do-puhur 


midnight ddhl-rdt 


adhee rat 


midsummer saif, dhfip-kdl saif, dboop-kol 


month 


mahind, ma/t muheena, mab 


last 


gayd mahind guya muheena 


next 


agld mahind \ ugla muheena 


monthly 


mdhwdr 


mahwar 


morning 


fubh, fajr, tarkd 


sub/i, fujr, turka 


night 


rat 


rat 


nightly 


har rat 


hur rat 


noon 


do-pahar 


do-puhur 


now 


ab 


ub 


now-a-days 


Aj-kal 


aj-kul 


o'clock 


baj 


bujeh 


part 


hi?$a 


/dssa 


quarter 


chautlid'i 


chowtha'ee 


season 


mausim 


mowsim 


second 


daklka 


du&eeka 


sunrise 


fajr, tidii'-t-Aftdb 


fujr, tuloo'-i-aftfil 


sunset 


sham, gliurul'.- 


sham, o^uroob-i 




Of tab i aftab 


time 


if akt wuA't 


to-day 


dj ke din \ aj keh Jin 



English. 


88 

Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


^* to-morrow 


kal 


kul 


- to-morrow morning 


kalfajr 


kul fujr 


to-night 


aj In rat 


aj kee rat 


twilight 


shafak 


shufufc 


week 


hafta 


hufta 


weekly 


har hafta 


hur hnfta 


whole 


tamdm 


tumam 


year 


bar as t sal, san 


burus, sal, sun 


yearly 


sal ba sal, har sal 


sal ba^ sal, hur sal 


yesterday 


kal 


kul 


yesterday morning 


kal fajr 


kul fujr 


night 


kal rat 


kul rat 


4he days of the week 






Sunday 


iticdr 


itwar 


Monday 


plr 


peer 


Tuesday 


mangal 


mungul 


Wednesday 


budh 


budh 


Thursday 


jum'a-rdt 


jum'a-rat 


Friday 


jum'a 


jiim'a 


Saturday 


sanlchar 


suneechur 


NOTE. The following months correspond with the Hindu year : 


April-May 


baisdkh 


baisakh 


May- June 


jeth 


jehf/i 


June-July 


asdrh 


usar/i 


July-August 


srdwan 


srawun 


August- September 


bhddon 


bhadon 


September-October 


dsin, 'ku'dr 


asin, koo'ar 


October - November 


kartik 


kartik 


November-Decem- 


aghan 


ughun 


ber 






December - January 


paush 


powsh 


January-February 


magi i 


magh 


February-March 


plialyun 


phalgun 


March-April 


cliaitr 


chaitr 


the seasons 






Spring 


bahar 


buhar 


Summer 


garma 


gurma 


Autumn 


khizan, kharlf 


Mizan, ft/mreef 


Winter 


idra 


jara 



89 



The Muhammadan year is lunar, and contains only 851 
days. The months do not correspond to the English, and 
are as follows : 



Name of month. 


Pronunciation. 


Muharram 


mu/miTum 


Safar 
Rabl'u'l-aiiical 


sufur 
rubee'u'l-uwwul 


Rabi'u'l-dMi.'ii' 


rubee'u'1-aMir 


Jamddal amcal 
Jamdda'l dkh_ir 
Rajab 
Sha'bdn 


jumadu'l uwwul 
jumadu'l aA7ar 
rujub 
shu'ban 


Ramazdn 


rumuzan 


Shaicwdl 


shuwwal 


Zil-ka'da 


zi'l-/cu'da 


Zi'l-hijja 


zi'1-^ijja 



Pdrsl Months. There are 30 days in all but December, 
which has 35 : 



Farvardin 

Ardibihisht 

Khurddd 

Tlr 

Amarddd 

Sharivar 

Mihr 

Abdn 

Addr 

Deh 

Bahman 

Aspandarmad 



furvurdeen 

urdibihisht 

khurdad 

teer 

umurdad 

shurivur 

mihr 

abau 

adar 

dehh 

buhnum 

uspundurmud 



40 



19. Health. (Tan-durustl.) 



English. Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


Accident 


hddisa 


/tadisa 


appetite 


bkukh 


bhookh 


asthma 


dama 


duma 


bandage 


pattl 


puWee 


bile 


pit 


pit 


blind 


andkd 


undha 


(of one eye-) 


kdnd 


kana 


blood 


kkjln, lahfl, 


Moon, luhoO 


boil, blister 


pkord 


phora 


bruise 


chot 


chot 


catarrh 


zulcdm, nazla 


ziikam, nuzla 


cholera 


haiza 


haiza 


climate 


db o Jiawd 


ab o huwa 


cold, a 


sardl 


surdee 


colic 


kulinj, peckish 


Arulinj, pehchish 


constipation 


kabziyat 


ftubziyut 


constitution 


tabl'yat 


tubee'yut 


consumption 


chhai-rog, sill 


chhai-rog, sill 


contagion 


sir ay at 


sirayut 


cough, a 


khdnsl 


khansee 


cure 


shifd, 'ildj 


shif'a, 'ilaj 


cure, to 


achchhd kar dend 


uchchha kur dehna 


deaf 


bahrd 


buhra 


diarrhoea 


dast, islial 


dust, ishal 


diet 


ghizd 


<7/dza 


digestion 


hazm 


huzru 


discharge (pus) 


pip 


peep 


disease 


blmari 


beemareo 


dose 


mikddr 


miMar 


dumb 


yungd 


gunga 


dysentery 


peckish 


pehchish 


dyspepsia 


bad-hazml 


bud-huzniee 


epilepsy 


mirgl 


mirgee 


faint, to 


gliash and 


ghnsh ana 


fainting fit 


ghjash, be-hosM 


#Aush, beh-hosh t >e 


fatigue 


mdndagl 


mandugee 


fever 


tap, bukjidr 


tup, buMiir 


,, and aguo 


tap f la > ru 


tup i lurzjj 



41 

English. Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


foment, to 


senkitd 


sehnkua 


gout 


gathiyd ba'l 


gut/tiya ba'ee 


healthy 


tan-dumst 


tun-durust 


-ill, sick 


blmdr 


beemar 


illness 


blmdrl 


beemaree 


indigestion 


bad-hazml 


bud-huzmee 


inflammation - 


sozish, jalan 


sozish, julun 


insensible 


be-hosh 


beh-hosh 


itch 


khujll 


khujlee 


lame 


langrO, 


lungra 


liver 


kaleja 


kulehja 


medicine 


daivd, ddrH 


duwa, daroo 


ointment 


marham 


niurhum 


pain 


dard 


durd 


perspiration 


paslna 


puseena 


pill 


goll 


golee 


plague 


td'iln 


ta'oon 


plaster 


marham, lep 


raurhurn, lehp 


poison 


zahr 


zuhr 


powder 


sufilf 


sufoof 


prescription 


nushh_a 


nusA7a 


pulse 


nabz 


nubz 


..purgative 


julldb 


jullab 


purging 


dajit 


dust 


recovery 


?ihhat 


si/iAut 


remedy 


( ildj 


'ilaj 


rest 


di'dm 


aram 


rheumatism 


bdt, bd'i 


bat, ba'ee 


rub, to 


malnd 


mulna 


scar 


dd'jli 


d&gh 


shivering 


jdrd, thartharl 


|a/-a, thurthuree 


sleep 


nTnd 


neend 


small-pox 


mdtd, chechak 


mata, chehchuk 


sprain 


noch 


nioch 


swelling 


su/an 


soojun 


syringe 


jrichkdri 


)ichkaree 


thirst 


'>iyds 


)iyaa 


vaccinate, to 


Ikd lag and 


eeka lugina 


vomiting kai 


k&i 


wound \zakhm zu/c/mj 



20. Shooting and Fishing. (SMttar aur Atahl-yiri.) 



English. Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


Axe (hatchet) 


Inilhdri 


kulha? - ee 


bait 


chdrd 


char a 


- bank of a river 


kindra 


kinara 


* basket 


tokrl 


tokree 


boat 


ndOy kishtl 


nao, kishtee 


,, -hook 


balld 


bulla 


boatman 


mdnjhi 


manjhee 


breech of a gun 


pendd 


pehnda 


bullet 


goll 


golee 


canvas bag 


goni 


gonee 


cartridge-box 


tosh-dan 


tosh-dan 


cord, string 


rassi 


russee 


double-barrelled 


do-nall 


do-nulee 


file' . 


retl . 


rehtee 


fish 


machhll 


muchhlee 


fish, to 


machhll pakarnd 


muchhlee pukunia 


fisherman 


mdhl-glr 


mahee-geer 


fishing 


mahl-glrl 


mahee-geeree 


,, -hook 


kdntd 


kanfa 


,, -line 


chautaggl 


chowtuggee 


,, raft 


tdpd 


tapa 


ii -rod 


laggl 


luggee 


gimlet 


barmd 


burma 


grindstone 


sdn 


san 


gun 


banduk 


bundoo/c 


gunpowder 


bdrut 


baroot 


hammer 


hathord 


huthora 


,, of a gun 


ghord 


ghora 


hand-saw 


drd 


ara 


knife 


ckhurl 


chhuree 


matches 


diyd-sald'i 


diya-sula'ee 


nail 


kll 


keel 


nail, to 


kll thonknd 


keel thonkna 


net 


jal' 


jal 


padlock 


kufl, tola 


/cufl, tala 


pincers 


ehimtd 


chim^a 


pistol 


tamancJia 


tumuncha 


ramrod ' gaz gnz 



Kngiish. 


43 

Hindustani. 1'ronuuciuU'ji:. 


sheath 
shooting 
shot 


ghildf y <7%ilaf 
shikar shikar 
chharrd chhurra 


sport 
sportsman 
'tools 
whetstone 


&7wZ khehl 
shikari shikaree 
dZaf, hathiydr alat, huthiyar 
si7i silee 


21. 


Cardinal Numbers. ('Adad-i-sdti.) 


1 ek 


ehk 


31 iktls iktees 


2 do 

3 tin 
4 char 


do 
teen 
char 


32 battls [fw buttees [tees 
33 tetis, tain- tehtees, tain- 
34 chautls chowtees 


5 pdnch 
6 chha 


panch 
chha 


35 paintis pain tees 
86 chhattis chhuttees 


7 sat 
8 df/i 
9 nan 
10 das 


sat 
ilth 
now 
dus 


37 saintls \tls saintees 
38 ath'iUs, ar- uf/itees, urtees 
89 untdlls, untalees, 
nnchdlls unchalees 


11 igdrah, 
gydrah 
12 bdrah 


igaruh, 
gyaruh 
baruh 


40 challs chalees 
41 ektdlls, ehktalees, 
iktdlls iktalees 


13 tera/* 


tehruh 


42 be'dlis beh'alees 


14 chaudah 


chowduh 


43 tetdlls te'htalees 


15 pandrah 
16 soZa/t 
17 satrah 


pundruh 
soluh 
sutruh 


44 chau'dlls chow'alees 
45 paintdlls pai?italees 
46 chid 1 alls chhi'alees 


18 athdrah 


ut/mruh 


47 saintdlls sai?ztalees 


19 tmfs, 1(72722 

20 if* 


s ftnees, unnees 
bees 


48 artalls, urtalees, 
athtdlls ut/italees 


21 i'Mis 


ikkees 


49 unchds unchas 


22 fcd'fs 
23 fc'is 
24 chanbis 


ba'ees 
teh'ees 
chowbees 


50 pachas puchas 
51 ekdwan, ehkawun, 
ikdwan ikawun 


25 pachls 
26 chhabbis 
27 safcHs 


puchees 
chhubbees 
suta'ees 


52 bdwan bawun 
63 tirpan tirpun 
64 chamcan cliowwun 


28 athdls 
29 wnfis 
BO t 


uf/jaees 
unices 
tees 


55 pachpan puchpun 
56 chhappan clihuppun 
57 sattaifnn suttawnn 



44 



j-ii.uu. i rou. 


nuiu. i rou. 


58 athawan vuAawun 
59 unsath unsui/i 


85 pacliasi puchasee 
86 chhidsl chhiasee 


60 sdth- [sath s&th 
61 eksath, ik- ehksu7t,iksufA 
62 bdsath basutft 


87 satdst sutasee 
88 athdsl ut/msee 
89 nawasl nuwasee 


68 tirsath tirsuf A 


90 nawwe nuwweh 


64 chausath chowsutfi 


91 ekanawe ehkanuweh 


65 painsath painsutfi 
66 chhiydsath chhiyasuf/i 
67 sarsath sursufA 
QS^athsath, \ithsuth, 
arsath nrsuth 


92 banawe, banuweh, 
birdnawice biranuwweh 
98 tirdnaive, tiranuweh, 
tirdnawu-e tiranuwweh 
94 chaurdnawe chowranuweh 


69 unhaitar unhuttur 
70 sattar suttur 
71 ekhattar ^ehkhuttur 
72 bahattar buhuttur 


95 pachdnawe, puchanuweh, 
panchanawe punchanuweh 
96 chhiydnaive, chhij'anuwoh, 
chhdnawe chhanuweh 


73 tihattar tihuttur 


97 satdnawe sutanuweh 


74 chauhattar chovvhuttur 


98 athdnawe ut/<anuweh 


75 pachhattar puchhuttur , 
76 chhihattar chhihuttur 


99 nindnawe, ninanuweh, 
navdnawe nuvanuweb 


77 sathatlar suthuttur 
78 athattar ut/tuttur 


1 CO sau, sai sow, sai 
101 ek sau ek ehk sow ehk 


79 unasl unasee 


110 ek sau das ehk sow dus 


80 assi ussee 


200 do sau do sow 


81 ehasl ehkasee 


800 tin sau teen sow 


82 beasl beh'asee 


400 char sau char sow 


88 tirdsl tirasee 
84 c/iaurasl chowrasee 


500 pdnch sau panch sow 


a thousand hazar, das sau huzar, dus sow 
a million das lakh dus lakh 


ten million karor kuror 



22. Ordinal Numbers. ( l Adad-i-wasfl.) 



The first 
second 
third 
fourth 
fifth 
sixth 
seventh 



pahl& 

dusrd 

tlsrd, 

chauthd 

pdnchwdn 

chhatwdn 

s&tiedn 



puhla 

doosra 

teesra 

chowtha 

panch wan 

chhufwan 

satwan 



English. 


45 

Hindustani. 


ie eighth 
ninth 


dthwdn 
nawwdn 


tenth 


daswdn 


eleventh 
twenty-first 
hundredth 


igdrahu'dn 
etasicdn 
satnrdn 


last 


pichhld 



af/twan 

nuwwan 

duswan 

igaruhwan 

ehkeeswan 

suwwan 

pichhla 

Note. The Ordinal Numbers after the fourth are regu- 
larly formed by adding wan to the Cardinals. 

In Compound Numbers -the termination vcan is added to 
the last number of the compound only, as : 

The 120th ek-sau-blicdn ehk-sow-beeswan 



Pronunciation. 



23. Collectives, Fractions, etc. 

('Adad i majmil'i o walcsur.) 


Couple, pair 
double 


jord 
dund 


doona 


dozen 


bdrah 


baruh 


one-fifth 
firstly 
half 


pdnchdl 
pahle 
ddhd 


panchaee 
puhleh 
adha 


once 


ek-bdr 


ehk-bar 


quarter 
score 


pdo, chautlidi 
hori 


pao, chowthaee 
ko? - ee 


secondly 
single 
one-third 


dusre 
ekahrcL 
tihdl 


doosreh 
ehkuhra 
tihaee 


thirdly 
threefold 
fcwice 
two and a half 


tlsre 
tiguna, tihard, tih- 
do-bdr [rd 
arlidl, dhdl 


teesreh 
tiguna, tihuril, 
do-bar [tihra 
urhaee, rf/iaee 


2$. Colours. (Rang.) 


Black 
blue ^ 


siyah, kdla 
nild 


Si TTQ n Iro 1 5. 
1J clJlj nclilck 

neela 


brown 


bhftrd 


bhoora 


dark 


kdld 


kala 


green ^ 
grey 
light 


hard, sabz 
phlkd 


hura, subz 
AViakisturee 
pheeka 



46 



English 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


orange 


ndranjl 


narunjee 


purple 


arghawdni 


ur^uwanee 


-red 


surkh, Idl 


snrkh, lal 


violet 


bainganl 


baingunee 


- white 


sufaid 


sufaid 


yellow 


plld 


peela 


25. Adjectives. (Ism i ?ifat.} 


(With some Nouns of Quality for convenient reference.) 


Able, capable 


Id'ik 


la'ifc 


angry 


kJiafd 


A7iufa 


anxious 


fikrmand 


fikrmund 


arrogant 


maghrUr, mayrd 


mu*7/troor, mugra 


bad 


bur a, khardb 


bura, Murab 


beautiful 


khub-?urat 


A-^ooh-soorut 


bitter 


karwd, talkh 


kurwa, tnlkh 


bhmt 


kund, bhutrd 


kund, bhutra 


bold 


shujd', diler 


shuja', dilehr 


brave 


bahddur 


buhadur 


breadth 


chaurd'i 


chowra'ee 


bright 


roshan, ' ujla 


roshun, ujla 


brisk 


chdldk 


chalak 


,. broad 


chaurd 


chowra 


careful 


khabarddr 


/c/tuburdar 


certain 


yakin 


yuA;een 


> cheap 


sastd 


susta 


^ clean 


?af 


saf 


clear (plainly) 


?df ?df 


sat' saf 


clever 


chdldk, hoshydr 


chalak, hoshyar 


^ cold 


thandd , 


t/mnrfa 


contented 


rdzl 


razee 


courageous 


diler 


dilehr 


cowardly 


buz-dil, nd-mard 


buz-dil, na-murd 


dear (costly) 


mahngd 


niuhnga 


deep 


gahrd 


guhra 


/dirty 


maild 


maila 


disagreeable 


nd-muwdfik 


na-muwafiA; 


dishonest 


be-imdn 


beh-eeman 


drunken 


matwdld 


mutwala 


dry 


sukhd 


sookha 



English. 


47 

Hindustani. 1 Pronunciation. 


dusty 


yard-dluda 


gurd-alooda 


early 


saicerd 


suwehra 


easy (not difficult) 


dsdn, sahaj 


asan, suhtij 


- equal 


bardbar 


burabur 


fair (just) 


rdst 


rast 


faithless (not true 


be-wafd 


beh-wufji 


[to promise) 






,, (treacherous) 


namak-hardm 


numuk-/juram 


(irreligious) 


be-lmdn 


beh-eeman 


r false (not true) IJhiltha 


jhoot/ia 


fat 


mold 


mota 


fierce 


darinda 


durinda 


tit 


Id'ik 


la'i/c 


flat 


hamwdr 


hum war 


foolish 


beivukftf 


behwuA-oof 


free 


dzdd 


azad 


frequent 


aksar 


uksur 


fresh (cool) 


thandd 


t/tund-A 


full (filled) 


bhard 


bhura 


gay 


khwush 


/c/iwush 


gentle 


halini 


Ttuleem 


good 


achchhd 


uchchha 


great 


bard 


bura 


hairy 


pashmi 


pushmee 


handsome 


khubsiirat 


Moobsoorut 


happy 


kkiyush-dil 


A7iwush-dil 


hard 


sakht 


SU/f/lt 


heavy 


bhdrl 


bharee 


height 


unchai, bulandl 


uncha'ee, bulundee 


- high 


undid 


ooncha 


hollow 


khokhld 


khokhla 


honest . 


rdst-bdz 


rast-baz 


hungry 


bhukhd 


bhookha 


-in 


bimdr 


beemar 


impolite 


be-murawwat, be- 


beh-muruwwut, 




adab 


beh-udub 


important ' zarurl 


zurooree 


innocent be-gundh 


beh-gunah 


just (equitable) 'ddil 


'adil 


-large bar a 


bura 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


late 


be-wakt 


beh-wu/ct 


lean 


dubld 


diibla 


length 


lambd'i 


lumba'ee 


light 


roshan 


roshun 


long 


lambd 


lumba 


muddy 


gadld, maild 


gudla, maila 


narrow 


tariff 


tung 


new 


naijd, taza 


nuya, taza 


oblong 


kitdbl 


kitabee 


old 


bttrhd 


boo;7<a 


open 


khuld 


khula 


polite 


mu'addab 


mu'uddub 


ppor 


gha rib 


^Aureeb 


pretty 


suthrd, khifush- 


suthra, Mwush- 


private 


poshlda [nnmd 


posheeda [niima 


proud 


manhrur 


mu^fAroor 


public 


'dmm 


'anim 


pure 


tftf 


saf 


quiet 


chup 


chup 


rich 


daulat-mand 


dowlut-mund 


ripe 


pakkd 


pukka 


rough 


khurkhurd 


khiirkhura 


round 


gol 


gol 


sacred 


pdk, rnukaddas 


pak, mu/cuddua 


sad 


udds 


udas 


sharp 


tez 


tehz. 


short 


kotdh 


kotah 


slow (not fast) 


dhixta 


ahista 


small 


chhotd 


chhota 


smooth 


bardbar 


burabur 


soft 


narm, muld'im 


nurm, mula'im 


sound (faultless) 


be-'aib 


beh-'aib 


sour 


khattd 


khuWa 


square 


chau-kond, murabbd 


chow-kona, murub- 


strange (foreign) 


ajnabl 


ujnubee [ba 


strong 


zordwar 


zorawur 


stupid (dull) 


be-wukuf 


beh-wuA-oof 


sweet 


mlthd 


meeiAa 


swift 


tez-raftdr 


tehz-ruftar 


tender 


norm 


nurm 



49 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


thick 


motd 


mofa 


thickness 


motd'l 


mofa'ee 


thin 
thirsty 
torn 
troublesome 


patld 
piydsd 
phatd 
muzl 


putla 
piyasa 
phufa 
moozee 


true 


sachchd 


suchcha 


ugly 

uncertain 


bad-$urat 
thlk nahln 


hud-soorut 
fAeek nuheen 


unequal 
unfit 


nd-hamwdr 
nd-la'ik 


na-humwar 
na-la'i/c 


unsewn 
useful 
vain (futile) 


an-boyd 
mufld 
bdtil 


un-boya 
mufeed 
batil 


warm 
weak 


garm 
kamzor 


gurm 
kumzor 


well 
wet 
whole 
wide 


achchhd, bhald 
bhiyd, tar 
tcutiam, sab 
chaurd 


uchchha, bhula 
bheega, tur 
tumam, sub 
chowra 


wild 
wise 


jangll, wahshi 
'akl-niand, ddnd 


junglee, wu/tshee 
'u/d-mund, dana 


young 


jatcdn 


juwan 



26. Verbs. (Fi'l.) 
SIMPLE AND COMPOUND. 



Note. The majority of Hindustani verbs are formed 
by the use of a substantive or adjective as the complement 
of a verb such as karnd, to do; hond, to be; dend, to give. 

A thorough or intensified action is expressed by an auxi- 
liary (especially jdnd, to go) added to the root of a verb. 
The auxiliary alone is conjugated, and the root of the 
principal verb remains unchanged. The following examples 
will illustrate the manner in which they are used : 

tfdm, work (noun) ; kdm-karnd, to (do) work ; 
jaicdb, answer (noun); jawdb-dend, to (give) answer; 
Lhukhd, hungry (adjective); bhukhd-hond, to be hungry. 

Hindustani 8.T. D 



50 



In order that the student should become accustomed to 
adding the correct auxiliary, there being no invariable 
rule respecting compounds or intensified verbs, the follow- 
ing list has been carefully compiled, and the letter added, 
refers to the auxiliary to be used. Further explanatory 
notes and rules will be found in *" Hindustani Grammar 
Self- Taught " (ride Compound Verbs). 

The principal Auxiliaries are : 



ana (a'na), 
dena (deh'na), ... 
hand (ho'na), 
jana (ja'na), 
karnd (kur'na), ... 
lagnd (lug'na), ... 
pana (pa'na), 
rakhnd (rukh'na), 
saknd (suk'na), ... 



to come, represented by 


a., a. 


to give, 


rf.,d. 


to be, ,, ,, 


k., h. 


to go, 


./> J- 


to do, 


A-., k. 


to begin 


/., 1. 


to be allowed, ,, 


P" P- 


to keep, ,, 


r., r. 


to be able, 


s., s. 



English. 


Hlndftstani. i Pronunciation. 


To accept 


lend, kabul k. 


lehna, A-ubool k 


to admire 


kadar /r. 


kudur k. 


to affirm 


ikrdr k. 


i/crar k. 


to answer (reply) 


jawdb d. 


juwab d. 


to approve 


pasand k. 


pusund k. 


to arrive 


paliunchnd, ivdrid h. 


puhiinchna, warid 


to ascend 


charhnd 


chur/tna [h. 


to ask 


puchhnd 


poochhna 


to assure 


ikrdr k. 


i&rar k. 


to awake 


jdgnd 


jagna 


to beat 


pltnd, mdrnd 


peetaa, marna 


to begin 


shuru' k. 


shuroo' k. 


to believe 


mdnnd, bdwar r. 


manua, bawur r. 


to blame 


maldmat k. 


mulamut k. 



* THIMM (0. A.) "Hindustani Grammar Self-Taught." Wrapper, 8/0; 
cloth, 2/6. London : E. Marlborough & Co., 61, Old Bailey, E.C, 



61 


English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


to boil (a.) 


ubdlnd 


ubalna 


(n.) 


khaulnd 


khowlna 


to borrow 


karzl., mdng I. 


/mrz 1., mang 1. 


to break (a.) 


torna 


torna 


() 


tutnd 


footoa 


to breakfast 


hdzirl klidnd 


Aaziree khana 


to bring 


land, le-dnd 


Ian a, leh-ana 


to build 


banana 


bunana 


to burn (a.) 


jaldnd 


julana 


M (0 


jalnd 


julna 


to buy 


mol I., kharldnd 


mol 1., Mureedna 


to calculate 


hisdb k., ginnd 


/tisab k., ginna 


to carry 


lejdnd, uthand 


lejana, utAana 


to cbatter 


baknd 


bukna 


to compare 


mukdbala k. 


mu/cabula k. 


to consent 


kabid k., manna 


Aubool k., manna 


to continue 


rahnd 


ruhna 


to cook 


pakdnd 


pukana 


to cougb 


khdnsnd 


khansna 


to cover 


dhdmpnd 


d/iampna 


to dance 


ndchnd 


nachna 


to deny 


inkdr k. 


inkar x. 


to depart 


chalaj. 


chula j. 


to descend 


utarnd 


uturna 


to desire 


chdhnd 


cbahna 


to despair 


nirds h. 


niras h. 


to despise 


liaklr jdnnd, hikd- 


/m/ceer janna, 




rat k. 


/titarut k. 


to dine 


khana khand 


khana khana 


to dislike 


nd-pasand k. 


na-pusund k. 


to dispute 


bahs k. 


bu/is k. 


to doubt 


shakk k. 


shukk k. 


to draw (pull) 


khainchnd 


khainchna 


to dream 


kjufdb dcklind 


Mwab dehkhna 


to dress 


kapre paliannd 


kupreh puhunna 


to drink 


plnd 


peena 


to eat 


khdnd 


khana 


to embrace 


gale la/jdiid 


guleh lugana 


to endeavour 


koshish k. 


koshish k. 


to esteem 


'aziz r, 


'uzeez r. 


D* 



52 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunclfttion. 


to estimate 


mol thahrdnd, 


mol tAuhrana, 




anddz k. 


undaz k. 


to exchange 


adld-badld k., 


udla-budla k., 




badalnd 


budulna 


to exclaim 


bol ut/ind, pukdma 


bol u^Ana, pu- 






karna 


to excuse 


mu'&f k. 


mu'af k. 


to explain 


samjhdnd, batldnd 


sumjbana, butlana 


s to fall 


parnd, girnd 


puma, girna 


to feel 


chhund 


chhoona 


to find 


vdnd 


pana 


to finish 


tamdm k. 


tumam k. 


to flatter 


chdplusi k. 


chaploosee k. 


to follow 


plchhe j. 


peechheh j . 


to forget 


bhulnd 


bhoolna 


to get (acquire) 


pdnd, hdyil k. 


pana, Aasil k. 


to get out (extract) 
to give 


nikdlnd 
dend 


nikalna 
dehna 


to go 


iana 


jana 


to go away 


chald j. chula j. 


to go out 


bdhar j. 


bahur j. 


to grow 


ugnd, jamnd 


ugna, jumua 


to hate 


nafrat k. 


nufrut k. 


to hear 


sunnd 


sunna 


to hide 


chhipdnd 


chhipana 


to honour (dignify) 


sarfardz k. 


surfuraz k. 


to hope 


ummed k. 


unamehd k. 


. to be hungry 


bhukhd h. 


bhookha h. 


to imagine 


khaydl k. 


A-/myal k. 


to imitate 


nakl k. 


nu/cl k. 


to insult 


be-'izzatl k. 


beh'izzutee k. 


to joke 


thatthd mania, 


thuttha, marna 


to jump 


kudnd 


koodna 


to know 


idnnd 


janna 


to laugh 


hansnd 


bunsna 


to lay the table cloth 


hddar bichhdnd 


chadur bichhaiui 


to be lazy 


ust h. 


sust h. 


to learn 


nkhnd 


3eekhna 


to lend 


tarz d. A-urz d. 


to lie down i ' 


etna, lehtna 



English. 



Pronunciation. 



to live 


jlna 


jeena 


to look for 


dhundknd 


dhoondhnSi 


to lose 


khond 


khonS 


to love [ish 


piydr k. 


piyar k. 


to maintain (nour 


parwansh k. 


purvvurish k. 


(affirm 


td'ld k. 


ta'eed k. 


to meet 


muldkdt k. 


mula/iat k. 


to mention 


zikr k. 


zikr k. 


to object 


i'tirdz k. 


i'tiraz k. 


to offend 


bezdr k. 


behzar k. 


to open 


kholna 


kholna 


x^o pack up 


band k. 


bund k. 


to paint (colour) 


rang lagdna 


rung lugana 


to pardon 


mu'dfk. 


mu'af k. 


^ to pay (for a j 
purchase } 


kimat d., mol I. 


keemut d., mol 1. 


to pay (servants) 


talab d. 


tulub d. 


,, (as a debt) 


add k. 


uda k. 


to plant 


lagdna 


lugana 


to play [ment) 


khelnd 


khehlna 


,, (on an instru- 


bajdna 


bujana 


to pluck 


chhln I. 


chheen 1. 


(a fowl) 


banana 


bunana 


to praise 


ta'rlf k. 


tu'reef k. 


to present (give) 


bakhshnd 


buArAshna 


to prove 


sdbit k. 


sab it k. 


^ to pull 


khainchnd 


khainchna 


,, ,, down 


tor ddlnd 


tor rfalna 


,, off 


utdrnd 


utarna 


,, ,, up (a horse) 


bag I., thdmnd 


bag 1., thamna 


to punish 


sazd d. 


suza d. 


to purchase 


kJiaridnd, mol I. 


Mureedna, mol 1. 


to quarrel 


jhagrd k. 


hugra k. 


^to read 


parhna 


purAna 


to reap (cut) 


kdtna 


ottnft 


to receive (accept) 


lend 


.ehna 


to refuse 


inkdr k. 


inkar k. 


to regret 


afsos k. 


ufsos k. 


^to rejoice 


fchwush h. 


feAwush h. 


. to remember 


ydd k. 


yad k. 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciatioa. 


to repay 


phir d. 


phir d/ 


to repeat (say again' 


dubdra kahnd 


dubara kuhna 


(do again) 


phir k. 


phir k. 


(recite) 


parhnd 


pur/ma 


to repent 


pachhtdnd 


puchhtana 


to reply 


jawdb d. 


juwab d. 


to report 


khabar d. 


Mubur d. 


to rest (repose) 


dram I. 


aram 1. 


to return 


phirnd, lautnd 


phirna, lowtna 


(give back) 


wdpas d. 


wapus d. 


to ring the bell 


ghantd bajdnd 


ghunta bujana 


to roast 


kabdb k. 


kubab k. 


to run 


daurnd 


dowrna 


(flow) 


bahnd 


buhna 


,, about 


daurtd phirnd 


dowrta phirna 


after 


pichhe daurnd 


peechheh dow/-na 


M 17 at 


dhdwd k. 


dhawa k. 


,, ,, away 


bhdgnd, bhdg j. 


bhagna, bhagj. 


,, ,, down [ate] 


dabdnd 


dubana 


(depreci- 


halkd k. 


hulka k. 


to say 


kahnd, bolnd 


kuhna, bolna 


to seal 


muhr laijdnd 


muhr luganu 


to see 


dekhnd 


dehkhna 


to 


lihdz k. 


liMz k. 


to sell 


bechnd 


behchna 


to send 


b/iejnd 


bhehjna 


,, and tell 


kahld bhejnd 


kuhla bhehjna 


i for 


buld bhejnd 


bula bhehjna 


to serve 


khidmat Jc. 


A/iidmut k. 


(supply) 


dend 


dehna 


,, (stand in-) 
stead of)j 


'iwaz k., badal k. 


'iwuz k., budul k 


,, up dinner 


parosnd 


purosna 


to show 


dikhdnd 


dikhana 


to sigh 


dh mdrnd 


ah marna 


to sign 


dast-khatt likhnd 


dust-A/mtt likhna 


to sit 


baithnd 


baif/ma 


down 


baith j. 


baitA j. 


to sleep 


sond 


snna 


to sneeze 


chhinknd 


chheenkna 



55 

English. Hindustani. Pronunciation. 


to sow - 


bond 


bona 


to be spared 


bachnd 


buchna 


to speak 


bolnd 


bolna 


,, distinctly 


?df fdf bolnd 


saf saf bolna 


,, harshly 


sakhtl se bolnd 


suMtee seh bolna 


slowly 


dftiste bolnd 


ahisteh bolna 


,. ,, repeatedly 


bdr-bdr bolnd 


bar-bar boLna 


to spin (revolve) 


yhtimnd 


ghoornna 


to steal 


churdnd 


churana 


to stitch 


sind 


seen a 


to study 


slkhnd 


seekhna 


to sup 


nosh k. 


nosh k. 


to swear 


kasam khdnd 


fcusum khana 


to take 


lend 


lehna 


away din- ) 
ner& table cloth] 


barhdnd 


burAana 


to take back 


phir I. 


phir 1. 


by force 


clihln I. 


chheen 1. 


,, ,, care 


khabarddr k. 


Muburdar k. 


to taste 


chakhnd 


chukhna 


to tell 


bolnd, kahnd 


bolna, kuhnu 


to thank 


shukr k. 


shukr k. 


to think 


sochnd 


sochna 


to be thirsty 


piyds laynd 


piyas lugua 


/ to thrcnv 


phenknd 


phehnkna 


to touch 


chhiind 


chhoona 


to transcribe 


nakl k. 


nu/cl k. 


to translate 


tarjuma k. 


turjuma k. 


to travel 


safar k. 


sufur k. 


to try (examine) 


dzmdnd 


azmana 


,, (attempt) 


koshish k., sa'i k. 


koshish k., sa'ee k. 


. to nncover 


kholnd 


kholna 


to unpack 


gatthd kholnd 


gu^Aa kholna 


to unscrew 


peck kholnd / 


pehch kholna 


- : to wash 


dhond 


dhona 


"~ to weep 


rond 


rona 


to weigh 


wazn k. 


wuzn k. 


to wish 


chdhnd 


chahna 


to work 


kdm k. 


kam k. 


to worship 


'ib'ldat k. 


'ibadut k. 


., to writf 


likhnd 


likhna 



66 

27. Adverbs, Conjunctions and Prepositions. 

( ' Harf-i-tamlz, 'atf aur fyarf.) 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


About (around) 


as-pas, gird-d-gird 


as-pas, gird-a-gird 


(concerning) 


nisbat, par 


nisbut, pur 


above (over) 


upar 


oopur 


according to 


hasb, muwafik 


/msb, muwafift 


across 


par 


par 


after 


ba l d, ptchhe 


bu'd, peechheh 


afterwards 


tab, uske ba'd 


tub, uskeh bu'd 


., again 


phir 


phir 


against 


khilaf 


JWtilftf 


all along 


barabar 


barabur 


all at once 


ek-bargl 


ehk-bargee 


almost 


karlb 


Aureeb 


already 


ab-hl 


ub-hee 


also 


bhl, aur 


bhee, owr 


although 


agarchi, harchand, 


ugurchi, hurchund, 




go-ki 


go-ki 


altogether 


mutlak, bilkull 


mutlu/c, bilkull 


, always 


sadd, hamesha 


suda, humehsha 


among 


men, bich 


mehn, beech 


and 


aur, o, wa, bhl 


owr, o, wa, bhee 


anywhere 


kafiln 


kuheen 


around 


cliaron taraf 


charon turuf 


as 


jaisd, jis-tarah 


jaisa, jis-turuA 


as much as) 


jitna 


jitna 


as many as) 






as soon as 


jab, jonhln 


jub, jonheew 


at 


par, upar t ko 


pur, oopur, ko 


at first 


pahle 


puhleh 


at last 


dkhir 


aMir 


at once 


f aur an, ek bdrgl 


fowrun, ehk bargee 


at present 


filhdl 


fil/ml 


badly 


khardb tarah se 


Murab turu& seh 


because 


ki, kyunki 


ki, kyoowki 


x before 


dge 


ageh 


.Jbehind 


plchhe 


peechheh 


^below 


niche, tale 


neecheh, tuleh 



English. 


67 

Hindustani. 1 Pronunciation. 


beside (near) 


pas, nazdlk 


pas, nuzdeek 


besides 


siwa, 'aldwa 


siwa, 'ulawa 


between 


bich, darmiydn, 


beech, durrniyan, 




men 


mehw 


beyond 


pare, udhar, par 


pureh, udhur, par 


but 


rnagar, leldn 


mugur, lehkin 


by (near) 


pas 


pas 


consequently 


li-haza, is waste 


li-haza, is wasteh 


down 


niche 


neecheh 


during 


hote, bich, darmi- 


hoteh, beech, dur- 




ydn 


miyan 


early 


sawere 


suwehreh 


either (pron.) 


ko'i, ko'l ek, har- 


ko'ee, ko'ee ehk, 




ek 


hur-ehk 


either (conj.) 


ya, khii-dh, chdho, 


ya, Wiwah, chaho, 




kyd 


kya 


elsewhere 


kahln aur 


kuheen owr 


every 


har, sab 


hur, sub 


everywhere 


har-kahln 


hur-kuheen 


except 


bajuz, siwa 


bujuz, siwa 


far 


dur 


door 


for (prep.) 


liye, waste 


liyeh, wasteh 


for (conj.) 


kyunld 


kyoonki 


from 


se 


seh 


hardly 


mushkil se 


mushkil seh 


here 


yahdn, idhar, is 


yuha?z, idhur, is 




jag ah, is taraf 


juguh, is turuf 


how (adv.) 


kis tarah, kyunkar 


kis turuh, kyoora- 






kur 


however 


lekin, magar 


lehkin, mugur 


how much ? 


kitna ? 


kitna ? 


if 


a gar, jo 


ugur, jo 


if not 


nahln to 


nuheen to 


immediately 


ab-hi, fanran 


ub-hee, fowrun 


in (adv.) 


bhltar, andar 


bheetur, undur 


indeed . 


albatta, sach 


ulbutta, such 


inside 


bhltar 


bheetur 


instead 


ba-jd'e, badle 


bu-ja'eh, budleh 






[mehn 


late 


be-wakt, der men 


beh-wu&t, dehr 



English. 


58 

Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


less 


thord, kamtar 


thora, kumtur 


like 


in u ii'dfik 


muwati/r 


likely 


ijjtcdiban 


/y/falibun 


little 


thord 


thora 


little by little 


thord thord 


thora thora 


long time 


bari der, muddat 


buree dehr, muddufc 


many times 


bahut daf'a 


buhut duf'a 


.more 


aur, ziydda 


owr, ziyada 


more and more 


ziydda ziydda 


ziyada ziyada 


more or less (adv.) 


aune-paune 


owneh-powneh 


moreover (adv.) 


balki 


bulki 


much (adv.) 


nihdyat, nipat 


nihayut, niput 


near 


pas, nazdik 


pas, nuzdeek 


nearly 


takriban, kam-besh 


tu/creebun, kum- 


neither 


na 


na [behsh 


never 


kabhi nahin, hargiz 


kabhee nuheen, 




nahin 


hurgiz nuheen 


next to 


pas 


pas 


not 


na, nahin 


na, nuheen 


not at all 


mutlak nahin 


niutlu/c nuheen 


nothing 


kuchh nahin 


kuchh nuheen 


notwithstanding 


bd-u'ujiid, har- 


ba-wujood, hur- 




chand, td-ham 


chund, ta-hum 


not yet 


ab talc nahin 


ub tuk ^luheen 


now 


ab 


ub 


nowhere 


kahin nahin 


kuheen nuheen 


of 


kd, ke, ki 


ka, keh, kee 


of course 


albatta, be-$hakk 


ulbutta, beh-shukk 


often 


bdrhd, aksar, bdr- 


barha, uksur, bar- 




bdr 


bar 


on (prep.) 


iipar, par 


oopur, pur 


on (adv.) 


age, agu 


ageh, agoo 


only 


firf, fakat 


sirf, fu/cut 


opposite (adv.) 


sdmne 


sanineh 


or [way) 


yd, khwdh, ki 


ya, A;/iwah, ki 


otherwise (another 
,, (if not) 


aur tar ah 
nahin to 


owr'turu/t 
nuheen to 


out of 


se, men se 


seh, mehtt seh 


outside 


bdhar 


bahur 


over 


upar, par 


oopur, pur 



69 



English. 


Hindustani. 


PronunciRtloa. 


perhaps 


shdyad 


shayud 


presently 


ab, fauran 


ub, fowrun 


previously 


age se, pa hie 


ageh seh, puhleh 


quickly 


jaldl 


juldee 


quite (perfectly) 


khnb 


khoob 


rather (especially) 


khususan 


khusoosun 


recently 


hdl men 


/;al meh?/ 


round (adv.) 


ffhfim-kar 


ghoom-kur 


same (adv.) 


yehl 


yehee 


scarcely (adv.) 


mnshkil se 


miishkil seh 


seldom 


kam 


kum 


since (prep.) ba'd, se jbu'd, seh 


since (conj.) 


chunki 


choon-ki 


so 


aisd, waisd, taisd 


aisa, waisa, taisa 


some 


ko'l, kuchh 


ko'ee, kuchh 


something 


kuchh ^ 


kuchh 


sometimes 


kabhl kabhl 


kubhee kubhee 


somewhere 


kahln 


kuheen 


JBO much 


itna 


itna 


so much the more 


har-chand 


hur-chund 


soon 


ab-hl, jaldl 


ub-hee, juldee 


suddenly 


achdnak, ndyahdn 


uchanuk, naguhan 


surely 


be-shakk 


beh-shukk 


that (pron.) 


ituh 


wuh 


that (conj.) 


ki, td-ki 


ki, ta-ki 


that which 


jo 


jo 


then (adv.) 


p/tir 


phir 


then (conj.) 


to 


to 


thence 


wahdn-se 


wuhan-seh 


thenceforth 


tab se 


tub seh 


there 


walidn, udhar 


wuhan, udliur 


therefore 


is-u-dste, us-wd*ie 


is-wasteh, us-was- 


thoroughly 


sar-d-sar 


sur-a-sur [teh 


thus 


yun, is-taraJi, ai*e 


yoon, is-turu/i, 


till now 


ab-tak 


ub-tuk [aiseh 


to 


ko 


ko 


together 


ek sdth 


ehk sath 


too much 


ziydda 


ziyada [nib 


towards 


kl taraf, kl jdnib 


kee tumf, kee ja- 


under 


niche, tale 


neecheh, tuleh 



60 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


unless 


agar na 


ugur na 


until 


jab-talak, jab-tak 


jub-tuluk, jub-tuk 


up 


upar 


oopur 


upon 


par, ilpar 


pur, oopur 


up to 


tak, talak 


tuk, tuluk 


usually 


aksar 


uksur 


very (adv.) 


nihdyat, bahut 


nibayut, buhut 


well (adv.) 


bhald, khair, ach- 


bhula, Mail") uch- 




chhd 


chha 


when (adv.) 


jab, jo, jon 


jub, jo, jow 


-when? 


kab ? kis walet ? 


kub ? kis wu&t ? 


' where ? 


kahdn ? kidhar / 


kuhan ? kidhur ? 


,- where (adv.) 


jahdn, jidhar 


juhaw, jidhur 


whether... or 


kyd...kyd 


kya...kya 


while, whilst 


jab-tak,. jab-talak 


jub-tuk, jub-tuluk 


while (time) 


wakt, rguddat, bela 


wu/ct, muddut, 






behla 


why? 


kyun? kyunkar? 


kyoon ? kyoonkur ? 




kis-liye 1 kdhe-ko ? 


kis-liyeh? kaheh- 


willingly (adv.) 


khwushl se 


fc/iwushee seh- [ko? 


with (prep.) 


sath, se, sang, 


sath, seh, sung, 




ham-rdh 


hum-rah 


within 


b/iltar, blch, men, 


bheetur, beech, 




andar 


mehn, undur 


without (dutside) 


bdhar 


bahur 


without (unless) 


ba-ghair [pai 


ba-^/iair [pur 


yet (adv., besides) 


'aldwa, tis-par, is- 


'ulawa, tia-pur, is- 


yet (conj.) 


taubhi, lekin 


towbhee, lehkin 



For EGYPT and THE SUDAN. 

EGYPTIAN (ARABIC) SELF-TAUGHT. 

By 0. A. THIMM. In Roman character. For Travellers, Officials, 
Soldiers, Sailors, Explorers, Missionaries, Traders and others, in 
Egypt, the Sudan and Northern Africa. 

Containing the Arabic characters, transliteration and phonetio 
pronunciation ; Vocabularies of words in general use ; Military and 
0' mmercial Terms ; Government Ministries and Administrations ; 
Colloquial Phrases for daily use ; Travel Talk and Sporting Terms ; 
Tables of Money, Weights and Measures, &c. 

Third Edition ; revised and enlarged by Major R. A. MARRIOTT, 
D.S.O. Or. 8vo. Blue wrapper, 2s. ; red cloth, 2s. 6d. 



61 



28. Military Titles. (Lashkarl alkdb.) 



English. 



Hindustani. 



Pronunciation. 



Private 


sipahl sipahee 


bugler ; drummer 


biyul bajdnewdld ; 


bigul bujanehwala; 




dholkiya 


dholkiya, 


farrier 


sdlotari, na'lband 


s'aloturee, nu'lbund 


trumpeter 


karnachi 


^urnachee 


lance-corporal 


Ldns ndyak 


lans nayuk 


corporal 


ndyak 


nayuk 


sergeant 


jarnaddr 


jumudar 


sergeant-major 


fyawdlddr 


Auwaldar 


quarter-master ser- 


kdtar-mdstar-sdr' 


katur-mastur-sar- 


geant 


jant 


junt 


adjutant-major 


ajitan-mejar 


ajitun-mehjur 


chief clerk 


sarddr kirdnl 


surdar kiranee 


warrant officer 


ilchtiydr-afsar 


iMtiyar-ufsur ^ 


lieutenant 


laftant $dhib 


luftuuf sa/iib 


captain 


kaptdn ?dhib 


kuptan sa/tib 


major 


me jar dfyib 


mehjur sa/iib 


colonel 


karnail dhib 


kurnail saAib 


brigadier 


brigader dJ,db 


brigudehr sa^ib 


field-marshal 


sarddr 


surdar 


doctor ) 


ddktar $df.ub 


rfaktur sa/iib 


surgeon J 






paymaster (treas- 


bakhshl 


bu/f/tshee 


adjutant [urer) 


ajitan $dh'ib 


ajitun saAib 


commanding \ 






officer I 


karndn afsar $ahib 


kuman ufsur sa/iib 


commandant j 






general officer 


jarnel afsar 


jurnehl ufsur 


brigade-major 


brigit-mejar 


brigit-mehjur 


commander - in - 


sipdh sdldr 


sipah salar 


chief 






His Excellency \ 






(address of a 






fiel<J-rnarshal) 


huzur 


/uizoor 


Your Excellency j 







62 

29. Naval & Military Terms. (Bahrl aur lashkari alfdt.) 

Together with useful tcords for all rank*. 
[NOTE. Tlie words of command are generally given iii English.] 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


Absence (leave of) 


chhutti 


chhuttae 


accoutrements 


sat, kllkantd 


saz, keelkan/a 


acquittal 


rihd'i 


riha'ee 


admiral 


amiru-l-baJtr 


umeeru-l-buAr 


advance (to) 


age barhnd 


ageh bu;7ma 


advanced guard 


hardioal 


hurawul 


adversary 


harlf 


/mreef 


aim (to) 


shisht bdndhnd 


shisht bandhna 


aiming drill 


shisht-kawd'id 


shisht-/cuwa'id 


alarm 


alarm 


ularm 


,, post 


alarm kd makdm 


ularm ka mu/ram 


ambulance 


ghdyalon kl gdrl 


ghayulon kee garee 


ammunition 


gpll-bdrut 


golee-baroot ' 


ammunition pouch 


tosh dan 


toshdan 


ammunition wagon 


goU-bdriit Id gdri 


golee-baroot kee 


anchor 


langar 


lungur [garee 


anchorage 


langar-gdh 


lungur-gah 


armistice 


muhlat 


muhlut 


armourer 


dlian-gar, Baikal-gar 


ahun-gur, sai/rl- 


arms 


hathydr 


huthyar [gur 


army 


lashkar, fauj 


lushkur, fowj 


army-corps 


risala 


risala 


army orders 


lashkari hukm 


lushkuree 7mkm 


aiTow 


tir, ban 


teer, ban 


arsenal 


top-khdna, sildh- 


top-Mana, sila/t- 




kjidna 


A'/mna 


artillery 


iop-kh_dna 


top-AMna 


artilleryman 


topchl 


topchee 


attack 


hamla 


Auuila 


attack, false 


dd'o ka Jiamla 


da'o ka 7mmla 


,, in flank (to) 


kamar mdrnd 


kumur marna 


in front (to)| agarl mama 


ugaree marna 


,, in rear (to) 


pichhdri mdrnd 


pichharee marna 


with one's 


bd'isi tutna 


ba'eesee footna 


whole force 






attempt (to) 


koshish karnd 


koshish kurnft 



63 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


at what hour ? 


Ids gliante men? 


ds ghunteh nieh?j ? 


authority 


ikhtiydr 


i/f/itryar 


auxiliary 


kumalcl 


iumukee 


avenge (to) 


badld lend 


oudla lehna 


axe 


tango, 


fanga 


back of a horse 


<jhore par 


ghoreh pur 


backsight 


pichhli makk/il 


pichhlee mukkhce 


badges 


chaprds 


chupras 


ball cartridge 


fjollddr kdrtils 


goleedar kavtoos 


band (of men) 


toll 


tolee 


barrack 


bdrrak, cJthd'onl 


barruk, chha'onee 


barrel (of a gun) 


nail 


nulee 


base 


bunydd, jar 


bunyad, jur 


battalion 


paltan 


pultun 


battery (field) 


morcha 


morcha 


battle 


lard'i 


lura'ee 


battle order 


saff-i-jang 


suf-i-jung 


bayonet 


samjln 


sungeen 


bayonets! fix- 


sanyln charkd'o ! 


sungeen chur/ia'o 


belaying-pin 


khunti 


khoontce 


belt 


band 


bund 


binoculars 


do-nazar dilrlln 


do-nnzur doorbeen 


bit (for horse) 


dahdna 


duhana 


blacking 


kdlik 


kalik 


blade 


phal 


phul 


block 


yhinil 


ghirnee 


(single) 


,, ekhari 


ghirnee ehkhuree 


,, (double) 


,, doharl 


ghirnee dohureo 


blockade 


muhd?ara 


mu/iasura 


bomb 


yfinbdra 


<7/iiibara 


bombard (to) 


(jolandazl karna 


golundazee kurna 


bombardier 


golanddz 


golundaz 


boot 


moza 


moza 


booty 


lut 


loof 


braces 


galls 


galis 


brackish 


khdrl 


kharee 


breadth (of a river) 


pat 


pat 


breastband 


slna-band 


seena-bund 


breech of a gun 


pendd 


pehnda 


breech-loader 


tonteddr banduk 


fonfehdar bundoo/f 



64 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


bribe 


rishwat 


rishwut 


bridle 


lagdm 


lugam 


brigade 


dost a 


dusta 


broad 


chaurd 


chow? - a 


bugle 


ligul 


bigul 


,, sound 


bigul kl dwdz 


bigul kee awaz 


bullefc 


goli 


golee 


burst (to) 


phat parna 


phuf purna 


button 


botdm 


botam 


button-hole 


botdm kd ghar 


bo^am ka ghur 


cable 


rassd (chain, zanjir) 


rttssa (zunjeer) 


camels 


unt, shutur - 


oont, shutur 


camel's saddle 


mahmil 


mu/jmil 


camp 


lashkar-gdh 


lushkur-gah 


camp followers 


bahlr bungd 


buheer-bunga 


camp (intrenched) 


morchdl, salabat, 


niorchal, sulabut, 




khandak 


fc/tunduA 


camping ground 


pardo 


purao 


campaign 


maiddn 


maidan 


canal 


nahr 


nuhr 


caunon, gun 


top 


top 


cantonment 


chha'orii 


chha'onee 


capture (to) 


pakarnd 


pukurna 


carbine 


bandtik 


buudoo/c 


carriage (gun) 


top ki gdrl 


top kee garee 


carriage wheel 


gdri kd pahiyd 


garee ka puhiya 


cartridge 


tontd, kdrtils 


?onia, kartoos 


casuals 


anchite 


unchiteh 


cavalry 


sawdr 


suwar 


,, (a regiment of) 


risdla 


risala 


,, trot 


dulkl-chalnd 


dulkee-chulnS 


1 prepare for 


risdla ke waste 


risala keh wasteh 


^ 


taiydr ho ! 


taiyar ho ! 


cease fire ! 


handiik clilwro mat! 


bundoofc chhoro 


centre 


kalb 


.%ulb [niut ! 


certificate 


sanad sun ad 


certificate of dis- 


fdrighl kl sanad ' farig'Aee kee sunud 


charge 




chain 


zanjir 


zunjeer 


change step 


kadam badlo 1 Audum budlo 



65 


English. 


Hindustani. Pronunciation 


charge ! 


hamla-karo ! 


Aumla-kuro ! 


charge bayonets ! 


rokna 


rokna 


cholera 


haiza 


haiza 


cloak 


labdda 


lubada 


clothing 


kapre 


kupreh 


cock a gun (to) 


ghord charhdnd 


ghora chur//ana 


colours of a regi- 


nishdn 


nishan 


ment 






column of building 


khambhd 


khumbha 


column, close 


katdr 


/mtar 


combatant 


sipdhl 


sipahee 


,, , non- 


ralyat 


ru'eeyut 


command 


hukm 


^ukm 


,, , words of 


hukm kl bdten 


Mkm kee batehn 


commissariat 


modl-khdna 


modee-Mana 


compass(mariner's) 


kutb-numd, shimdl- 


/mtb-numa, shimal- 




numd 


numa 


company 


kampani 


kumpunee 




dohrl kampani 


dohree kumpunee 


,, , double 


ddhl kampani 


adhee kumpunee 


, half 


guroh 


guroh 


(ship's) 


fath 


fut/i 


cook 


bdwarchl 


bawurchee 


coolies 


kull 


Mlee 


court-martial 


lashkarl 'addlat 


lushkuree 'udalut 


court of inquiry 


tahJdkdt 


tu/i/cee/cat 


confined to bar- 


lain-kaid 


laeen-Aaid 


conduct [racks 


suluk 


sulook 


courage 


dildwarl 


dilawuree 


crew 


jahdzl log 


juhazee log 


crupper 


dumchl 


dumchee 


cut (wound) 


ghd'o 


gha'o 


dagger 


katdr 


kutar 


decision 


faifala 


faisula 


deep 


gahrd 


guhra 


, very 


dubdo 


rfubao 


defaulter 


gundh-gdr 


gunah-gar 


defaulter's book 


gundh-gdr kl kitdb 


gunah-gar kee kitab 


defaulter's drill 


gundh-gdr kl kawd- 


gunah-gar kee /m- 




'id 


wa'id 



Hindfigt&nl S.T. 



66 



English. 


Hindustani. 1 Pronunciation. 


defeat 


shikast, hdr 


shikust, har 


defence 


faifdzat, bachdo 


fafazut, buchao 


defile 


ghdtl, dara 


ghatee, dura 


departure 


rawdnagl 


ruwanugee 


depot 


goddm 


godam 


deserter 


bhagord 


bhugora 


detached file 


alag-lain 


ulug-lain 


detachment 


ta'lndtl 


tu'eenatee 


diarrhoea 


ishdl 


ishal 


diary, journal 


rozndmcha 


roznamcha 


discipline 


ta'lim 


tu'leem 


disembark (to) 


utarnd 


uturna 


\ / 

dismiss (to) from 


bartaraf karnd 


burturuf kurna 


service 


x 




(off parade) 
dismissal from 


rukhjat dend 
bartarfi 


ruMsut dehna 
burturfee 


dismount ! [office, 


utaro ! 


uturo ! 


dispatch 


murdsala 


murasula 


distance 


durl 


dooree 


ditch 


khandak 


fc/tunduA; 


division 


taksim, bdnt 


tuAseem, bant 


'dockyard 


dole 


rfok 


don't move 1 


chalo mat ! 


chulo mut ! 


draw swords ! 


talwdr nikdlo ! 


tulwar nikalo ! 


dress ! 


bardbar ho jd'o ! 


burabur ho ja'o 1 


,, by the left 


bd'en nazar karo, 


ba'ehn nuzur kuro, 




bardbar ho jd'o 


,, burabur ho ja'o 


* by the right 


ddhine nazar karo, 
bardbar ho jd'o 


dahineh nuzur kuro 
burabur ho ja'o 


drill 


kawd'id 


feuwa'id 


,, , aiming 


shist-kau-d'id 


shist-fcuwa'id 


drink 


shardb 


shurab 


driver 


f/dribdn 


ga?-eeban 


drum 


dhol 


dhol 


drunk , 


matwdld 


mutwala 


dysentery 


jirydn-i-shikm 


jiryan-i-shikm 


duties 


kdm 


kam 


duty (on) 


kdm par 


kam pur 


echelon 


tirchhl toll 


tirchhee tolee 


embarkation 


charhd'l 


chu?-M'ee 



67 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


encampment 


lashkar-gdh, khai- 


lushkur-gah, Ar/mi- 




ma-gdh 


ma-gah 


enemy 


dushman 


dushmun 


engagement 


mukdbala 


muA-abula 


engineer (naval) 


injiner 


injinehr 


ensign (colours) 


jhandd, nishdn 


jhunrfa, nisban 


equipment 


sdmdn-i-jang 


saman-i-jung 


European regiment 


r/oron kl paltan 


goron kee pultun 


escort 


badrika 


budriAra 


examination 


imtihdn 


imtiAan 


exercise, bayonet 


sangln kl kau-d'id 


sungeen kee A-u- 






wa'id 


, firing 


banduk kl kawd'id 


bundoo/t kee A-u- 






w&'id 


,, , manual 


hath kl kawd'id 


bath kee fcuwa'id 


, review 


sdn kl kaiva'id 


san kee A-uwa'id 


n i rifle 


rafal kl kawa'id 


ruful kee Aniwa'id 


,, , shelter- 


khd'l kl kawd'id 


kba'ee kee Amwa'id 


[trencb 






expedition (mili- 


daur 1 dowr 


extend [tary) 


phaild'o 


phaila'o 


eyes right 


ddhine nazar 


dahineh nuzur 


left 


bd en ,, 


ba'ehw nuzur 


fall in ! 


jagah men khare 


j uguh mebn khureh 




raho ! 


rubol 


farrier 


na'lband 


nu'lbund 


fatigue 


mandagl 


mandugee 


field of battle 


maiddn-i-jang 


maidan-i-jung 


field-day 


sdn 


san 


-exercises 


kawd'id 


A-uwa'id 


-glass 


do-nazar-du rbln 


do-nuzur-doorbeen 


-S un 


jangl top 


jungee top 


-bospital 


jangl shifd-khdna 


jungee shifa-A-/!ana 


file (of men) 


9ff 


suff 


fire! 


bandUk chhoro, 


bundoofc chho?-o, 




ddgho, mdro 


da#io, maro 


fire-engine 


dam-kald 


dum-kula 


fix bayonets I 


sangln char fid' o ! 


sungeen chur/ia'o ! 


flag 


jhandd 


jhunrfa 


flank 


pahlii, baghal 


pahloo, bu^iul 



English. 


Hindustani. Pronunciation. 


flank, inner 


andar kd pahlu 


undur ka puhloo 


.left 


bd'en pahlu 


ba'ehn puhloo 


,, , outer 


bdhar fed pahlu 


bahur ka puhloo 


,, , reverse 


ultd pahlu 


ul/a puhloo 


, right 


ddhine pahlu 


dahineh puhloo 


fleet 


bahr 


bu/tr 


foot-soldier 


tif>dhl 


sipahee 


forage 


rasad 


rusud 


foresight 


dur-andeshi 


door-undehshee 


formation 


tartlb 


turteeb 


fortress 


kil'a 


Ml'a 


fortress wall 


kil'a ki dlwdr 


ftil'a kee deewar 


fortify (to) 


kil'a-bandi karnd 


feil'a-bundee kurna 


forward 1 


dge-barho ! 


ageh-bur^o I 


front 


tdmne 


samneh 


front rank 


kabl kljagah 


A;ubl kee juguh 


funeral 


jandza 


junaza 


furlough 


rukhjfat 


ruArAsut 


gallant 


marddna 


murdana 


gallop 


daurnd 


dowj-na 


garrison 


kil'e-wdle 


fcil'eh-waleh 


general 


jernail 


jehrnail 


general command- 


jernail $dhib 


jehrnail sa/iib 


ing A.C. 






geography 


jughrdfiya 


j%7trafiya 


geometry 


handasa 


hundusa 


girdle 


kamar-band 


kumur-bund 


girth 


tang 


tung 


glass (for drinking) 


gilds 


gilas 


glove 


dastdna 


dustana 


government 


'amalddrl 


'umuldaree 


governor 


chakle-ddr 


chukleh-dar 


grave (*.) 


kabr 


A;ubr 


great-coat 


bdrdni-kurti 


baranee-kurtee 


groom (to brush a 


malnd 


mulna 


horse) 






ground arms 


banduk rakh do 


bundoofe rukh do 


guard, escort 


badrika 


budriAra 


guard (of soldiers) 


pahre-ivdld 


puhreh-wala 


gun (musket) ban/Ink 


bundooft 



69 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


gun-carriage 


banduk kl gdrl 


bundoo/c kee garee 


gunner 


gol-anddz 


gol-undaz 


gun-powder 


bdnlt 


baroot 


halt! 


khare raho ! 


khureh ruho ! 


halter 


bdgdor 


bagdor 


handle cartridge 


tontepar hath rakho 


tonteh pur hath 


hay (chopped straw) 


rakhl 


rukhee [rukho 


head-quarters 


sadr makdm 


sudr mu&am 


helmet 


topd 


lopi 


history (record) 


hikdyat 


fakayut 


horse 


ghord 


ghora 


,, (a brown) 


mushkl ghord 


mushkee gho? - a 


(a dark grey) 


ash'hab ghord 


ush'hub gho?-a 


horse-brush 


ghore kd bursli 


gho? - eh ka bursh 


,, -cloth 


kastuwdn 


kustuwan 


horse's hoof 


sum 


sum 


,, mane 


aydl 


uyal . 


shoe 


na'l 


nu'l 


,, tail 


dum 


dum 


hospital 


shifd-khdna 


shifa-Mana 


hut 


jhomprl 


jhomp7-ee 


imprisonment 


kaid 


Aaid 


incline ! 


md'il-ho ! 


ma'il-ho ! 


independent firing 


ek-ld'l-mdrnd 


ehk-la'ee-marna 


infantry 


sipdhl 


sipahee 


,, , mounted 


sawdr 


suwar 


inspection parade 


nazar-anddzi 


nuzur-undazee 


instructor 


ustdd 


ustad 


insubordination 


'udul-ftukml 


'udool-Aukmee 


Intelligence De - 


khabar makdm 


/c/iubur muA-am 


partment 






interval 


'arsa 


'ursa 


intoxicated 


maticdld 


mutwala [kurria 


intrench (to) 


morcha-bandi karnd 


morcha-bundee 


in which direction ? 


kis tar af men? 


kis turuf inehn ? 


in what strength? 


kis kuwicat men ? 


kis fcuwwut melm? 


ironclad 


lohe kd jahdz 


loheh ka juhaz 


judge 


jaj sdhib 


juj sa/iib 


keel 


pendd 


pehnda 


keep up your heads 


sir uthd'o 


fiir ut/ia'o 



70. 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


killed 


maktul 


mu&tool 


knapsack 


jholl 


jholee 


ladder 


slrhl 


seerAee 


lance, spear 


ballam, barchhi 


bullum, burchhee 


language 


bat, zabdn 


bat, zuban 


lantern 


laltain, fdnus 


lultain, fanoos 


lashing 


chdbuk-bdzl 


chabuk-bazee 


lay down your 


hathydr rakh 


huthyar rukh 


arms! 


chhoro ! 


chhom ! 


leave of absence. 


chhuttl 


chhuWee 


left 


bd'en 


ba'ehn 


about turn 


bd'en se ddhd chak- 


ba'ehn seh adha 




kar pldro . 


chukkur phiro 


wheel 


bd'en khunt chakkar 


ba'ehw khoonf 




mdro 


chukkur maro 


line (row) 


katdr 


fcutar 


load (to) 


bandilk bharnd 


bundoo/c bhurna 


magazine 


bdrut-khdna 


baroot-AAana 


main body 


kalbl fauj 


fculbee fowj 


make ready 


ghord do pd'e par 


ghora do pa'eh pur 




charhd'o 


chur/ja'o 


map 


naksha 


nu/csha 


march 1 


kuch-karo ! 


kooch-kuro I 


, file 


katdr chalo 


/cutar chulo 


marksman 


nishdna-amldz 


nishana-undaz 


mark time 


apni jag ah khare /to 


upnee juguh khu- 




kadam uthd'o 


reh ho Audum 


marquee tent 


derd 


dehra [uf/ja'o 


military police 


fauj kl polls 


fowj kee polees 


,, service 


fauj Id klddmat 


fowj kee Midmut 


mine 


kdn 


kan 


mortar 


ghubdra 


gr/tubara 


move a little to the 


plchhe thordjdo 


peechheh thora jao 


rear 






move .forward 1 


age chalo ! 


ageh chulo ! 


musketry 


bandukfii 


bundoo/celm 


,, Instruction 


banduk kl ta'llm 


bundooi kee tu'- 


muster 


ginti 


gintee [leem 


mutiny 


balwa 


bulwa 


muzzle (of a gun) 


muhri 


muhree 



71 

English. Hindustani i Pronunciation. 


news 


khabar 


khnbnr 


nose-bag 


tobra 


tobra 


occupy (to) 


dakjd karnd 


du/c/J kurna 


officer 


'uhdaddr 


'uhdudar 


officer's undress 


roz-ke-kapre 


roz-keh-kupreb 


onset 


mukdbala 


mu/rabula 


open pans 


piydla-kholo 


piyala-kbolo 


order (command) 


hukm 


/mkm 


order arms 


banduk utdro 


bundooft utaro 


orderly (on duty) 


ardall 


urdulee 


ordinary time- 


thambe kadam se 


t^umbeh /nidum 


march 


age chalo 


seh ageh chulo 


outpost 


chaukl 


cbowkee 


parade 


kawd'id, paret 


Auwa'id, purebi 


(to) 


kawd'id karnd 


/mwa'id kurna 


parapet 


fasll 


fuseel 


pass 


ahdtl 


ghatee 


patrol 


t.ildya 


tilaya 


pay, salary 


talab 


tulub 


peace 


fulh 


sulA 


pencil 


pensil 


pehnsil 


pension 


wazifa 


wuzeefa 


pickaxe 


kuddl 


kudal 


picket 


tilaya 


tilaya 


pile arms 


banduk jorke rakJio 


bundooft jorkeh 


pioneer 


belddr 


bebldar [ruklio 


.pistol 


pistol 


pistol 


pivot 


chul 


chool 


plan 


tadblr 


tudbeer 


point your toes 


pd'o7i I'e panje 


pa'ow keh pun j eh 


pontoon 


safari pul [dabd'o 


sufuree pul [duba'o 


post 


jagah 


juguh 


powder 


bdrut 


baroot 


powder-magazine 


bdrut-khdna 


baroot-Mana 


present 


shist-lo 


shist-lo 


,, arms 


salami kd hath 


sulamee ka hath 


prime 


ranjak pila'o 


runjuk pila'o 


prison 


kaid-khdna 


A;aid-/Jtana 


prisoner (in guard- 


bandu'd 


bundoo'a 


room) 







English. 


72 

Hindustani. 1 Pronunciation. 


proceedings of the 


kdr-rawa'l 


kar-ruwa'ee 


promotion [court 


tarakkl 


turuM-ee 


punishment 


sazd 


suza 


quarters 


chhd'onl- 


chha'onee 


quick march 


jaldl kadam uthd'o 


juldee /cudum ut/ta'o 


quickly 1 


jaldl se ! 


juldee seh ! 


quinine 


kivinain 


kwinain 


rain 


barish 


barish 


ram down cartridge 


tontd gaz se maro 


tonta, guz seh maro 


ramrod 


gaz 


guz 


range (distance of 


partdb, mar 


purtab, mar 


flight of projec- 






tile) 






rank (in army) 


darja 


durja 


,, (line of men) 


9<*ff 


suff 


,, and file 


si[>dhl aur ndyak 


sipahee owr nayuk 


,, , front 


sdmne kl aff 


samneh kee suff 


,, , rear 


plchhe kl saff 


peechheh kee suff 


rations 


rasad, rdtab 


rusud, ratub 


rear ranks take 


plchhdrl kholo 


peechharee kholo 


open order 






rear ranks take 


plchhdrl milo 


peechharee milo 


close order 






rebellion 


bayJidwat 


bu<7/iawut 


record (to) 


likhnd [pdhl 


likhna [pahee 


recruit 


ranfjrut, nay a si- 


rungroot, nuya si- 


redoubt 


kil'a 


&ila 


regiment 


paltan 


pultun 


regulations 


a' In, fyukm 


a'een, /tukm 


reins 


rds 


ras 


release 


rihd'i 


riha'ee 


relief (change) 


badll 


budlee 


report 


Ichabar 


/c/mbur 


resign (to) 


chhor-dend 


chhor-dehna 


retire (to) 


kindra-kash hand 


kinara-kush hona 


retreat (to) 


plchhe liatnd 


peechheh hutna 


return ramrod 


gaz phir do 


guz phir do 


rifleman 


bandukclil 


bundoo&chee 


right about turn 


ddhine se ddhd 


dahineh seh adha 


chakkar phiro 


chukkur phiro 



78 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


right incline ! 


ddhini taraf 


dahinee turuf 


right turn 1 


ddhine phiro 


dahineh phiro 


right wheel ! 


ddhine khunt chak- 


dahineh khoont 




kar maro 


chukkur maro 


roll-call 


rol 


rol 


sack 


bora 


bora 


saddle (to) 


sin bdndhnd 


zeen bandhna 


,, (for camel) 


kajdwa 


kujawa 


,, ( ,, horse) 


zln 


zeen 


saddler 


zingar 


zeengur 


salute ! 


saldm-karo 


sulam-kuro 


sapper 


khan khodne-wdld 


klian khodneli-wala 


scabbard 


miijdn 


miyan 


scaling-ladder 


kamand 


kumund 


scout [ment 


jdsus, bhedl 


jasoos, bhehdee 


second (the) regi- 


dusrl paltan 


doosree pukun 


sentence (decision) 


fa.is.ala 


faisula 


sentry 


paJirewdld 


puhrehwala 


shell 


nhubdra 


5r^ubara 


ship-of-war 


jangi jahdz 


jungee juhaz 


shipwreck 


jahdz-shikanl 


juhaz-shikunee 


shot (cannon ball) 


gold 


gola 


shoulder arms 


banduk kandhe par 


bundooA; kundheh 




rakho 


pur rukho 


sight of a gun 


makkhl 


mukkhee 


signal 


ishdra 


ishara 


signaller 


ishdra-bdn 


ishara-ban 


skirmish (to) 


jharpdnd 


jhurpana 


skirmisher 


jharpdne-wdld 


jhurpaneh-wala 


slowly ! 


dhiste ! 


ahisteh ! 


small shot 


chharrd 


chhurra 


snaffle 


kazal 


fcuzu'ee 


soldier 


sipdhl 


sipahee 


spade 


kuddl 


kudal 


spur 


kdntd 


k&nta, 


spy 


jdsus 


jasoos 


squadron 


gkol, dasta 


ffhoi, dusta 


square 


chauras 


chowrus 


stable 


istabal 


istubul 


staff (military) 


fauj he af&ar 


fowj keh ufaur 



74 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


stall 


than 


than 


stand (to) 


kJiard hond, 


khura hona 


step out ! 


lambd kadam rakho 


lumba Aradum 


stirrup 


rikab 


rikab [rukho 


support (to) 


teknd 


tehkna 


surrender (to) upon 


sompna, Tiawala 


sompna, /mwala 


terms 


karnd 


kurna 


sword 


tahodr, kirich 


tulwar, kirich 


take prisoner (to) 


kaidl karnd 


fcaidee kurna 


telescope 


dur-bin 


door-been 


tent 


derd 


efehra 


tent-peg 


khuntl, mekh 


khoonfee, meh/cA 


to the left 


bd'eii 


ba'ehn 


to the rear 


plchhe 


peechheh 


to the right 


ddhine 


dahineh 


transfer [redoubt 


badal 


budul 


trenches, rampart, 


fail 


fuseel 


troops 


afwdj 


ufwaj 


(regular) 


lashkar 


lushkur 


,, (reserve) 


kumakifauj 


kuniukee fowj 


trot 


dulkl 


dulkee 


trumpet 


turhi 


toorhee" 


tunic 


kurta 


kurta 


undress(daily dress) 


roz-ke kapre 


roz-keh kupreh 


uniform 


wardi 


wurdee 


veterinary surgeon 


salotan 


suloturee 


victory 


fatf), 


fut/i 


village -chief 


patel 


puiehl 


war 


lard'i, Jang 


lura'ee, jung 


water-bottle 


pdnl kd slshha 


panee kali seeshha 


wheeling 


chakkar mdrnd 


chukkur marna 


wing, left . 


maisara . 


maisura 


wing, right 


maimana 


maimuna 


wounded 


ghdyal, zakhml 


gbayul, zufc/imee 


wound in the head 


ghd'o 


gha'o 


(contusion) 




i 


He rose from the 


wuh apnl kdbllyat 


wuh upnee /cablee- 


ranks 


se barhd 


yut seh bur/ta 


What is his rank 


fauj men uskd kyd 


fowj mehw uska 


in the army ? 


darja hoi / 


kya durja hai? 



76 

Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


turn ne hitne baras 


turn neh kitneh bu- 


naukarl Id ? 


rus nowkuree kee? 


main ne das baras 


main neh dus burus 


naukarl kl hai 


nowkuree kee hai 


paltan kab kd'irn 
hu,l ? 
nsne naukarl chhor 


pultun kub A-a'im 
hoo.ee? 
iisneh nowkuree 


dl hai 


chhor dee hai 


wuh top-kjidne wdld 
hai 


wuh top - A7taneh 
wala hai 


lashkarfajr ke wakt 
kuch kar gaya 


lushkur fujr keh 
wu&t kooch kur 


Jajr Icis-wakt pal- 
lan kuch karegl? 


guya 
fujr kis-wu/ct pul- 
iun kooch kureh- 
gee? 



English. 

How many years 
have you served? 

I have been in the 
service ten years 

When was the regi- 
ment raised ? 

He has resigned the 
service 

He belongs to the 
artillery 

The army marched 
this morning 

At what time will 
the battalion 
march to-morrow 
morning? 

30. Commercial and Trading Terms. 
(Sandagarl aur tijdrat ke alfdz.} 

(See Vocabulary 17; Correspondence, see Page I'M.) 



Apprentice 
assets 
auction 


shdfjird 
jd'iddd 
nlldm 


shagird 
ja'idad 
neelam 


balance 


bdkl 


baA;ee 


bale 
bank 


gatthd 
kothl 


guWha 
kothee 


banker 
bankrupt 
bargain 
bill 


farrdf, sdhukdr 
dewdliyd 
sharp, saudd 
hundl 


surraf, sahookar 
dehwaliya 
shurt, sowda 
hunrfee 


bond 


dastdivez 


dustawehz 


borrow 


karz lend 


Aurz lehna 


buy (to) 
broker 
calico 


rtwl lend, hharld 
dalldl [karnd 
chhlnt 


mol lehna, AAureed 
dullal [kurna 
chheent 


capital 
cargo 
commercial 


punjl 
bhartl 
tauddgarl 


poonjee 
bhurtee 
sowdaguree 


contract 
counting-house 
credit (on) 


ijdra 
daftar-khdna 
udhdr dend 


ijara 
duftur-Mana 
udhar dehna 



76 



English. 


HlnduBtAnl. | Pronunciation. 


creditor 


karz-khwdh 


kurz-khw&h 


debt 


karz 


kurz 


debtor 


Jcarz-ddr 


&urz-dar 


demand 


khwdhish 


A^wahish 


discount 


battd 


\mtt& 


excuse 


bahdna 


bull an a 


export 


raftani 


ruftunee 


factor 


gumashta 


gumashta 


goods 


mat 


mal 


import 


dmdanl 


amdunee 


interest 


bydj, sud 


byaj, sood 


lease^ 


pattd 


putta 


letter of exchange 


muddat kl hundl 


muddut kee hundee 


loan 


udhdr 


udhar 


loss 


nufydn 


nu&san 


merchant 


sauddgar, baipdrl 


sowdagur, baiparee 


mortgage 


giro 


giro 


noteofhand,I.O.U. 


tip 


feep 


o"rder (to) 


mangdnd 


mungana 


package 


basta 


busta 


partner 


sharlk 


shureek 


pay (to) 


add, karnd 


uda kurna 


per cent. 


liar sau 


hur sow 


principal 


mul, asl 


mool, usl 


profit 


naf'a, fd'ida 


nuf'a, fa'ida 


property 


milklyat 


milkeeyut 


rate 


bhdo 


bhao 


receipt v 


rasld 


ruseed 


sell (to) 


bechnd, farokht 


behchna, furo&At 




karnd 


kurna 


signature 


dast-kkaU 


dust-/cAutt 


sum-total 


kull jam'a 


kull jum'a 


telegraph (to) 


tar bhejnd 


tar bhehjna 


trade 


baipdr, sauddgarl 


baipar, sowdaguree 


trustee 


zimma-ddr 


zimma-dar 


usage 


dastur 


dustoor 


warehouse 


kothl 


kof/iee 


weight 


wazn 


wuzn 


wholesale price 


thok bikrl 


thok bikree 



77 
31. Religious Terms. (Mazhabi alfdz.) 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


Alms 


khairdt 


Mairat 


angel , 


firishta 


firishta 


believe (to) 


i'tikdd karnd 


i'tiArad kurna 


blood 


lahu 


luhoo 


clean (adj.') 


?qf 


saf 


death 


maut 


mowt 


devil 


shaitdn, iblls 


shaitan, iblees 


died 


mar-gayd 


mur-guya 


divine worship 


'ibddat 


'ibadut 


doubt (s.) 


shakk 


shukk 


enter in (to) 


andar-dnd 


undur-ana 


envy (s.) 


ha?ad 


husud 


everlasting 


liame&ha kd 


humehsha ka 


faith 


Imdn 


eeman 


fast (s.) 


roza 


roza 


fear (s.) 


dar, khauf 


dm, khovfl 


find (to) 


milnd 


milna 


forgive (to) 


mu'df karnd 


mu'af kurna 


forgiveness, pardon 


mu'dfl 


mu'afee 


give (to) 


dend 


dehna 


gladness 


rdhat 


ra/mt 


hatred 


'addivat 


'udawut 


hear (to) 


sunnd 


sunna 


heart 


dil 


dil 


heaven 


bi hi si it 


bihisht 


hell 


jahannam 


juhunnum 


holiness 


takivd 


;u/cwa 


holy spirit 


ruhu'l-kuds 


roo/iu'1-ftuds 


honour (s.) 


'izzat 


izzut 


hope (s.) 


ummed 


ummehd 


ignominy 


fazlhat 


'uzeeAut 


instead of 


ke badle 


ceh budleh 


Jesus Christ 


'Isd Masih 


eesa museeA 


know (to) 


jdnna 


anna 


knowledge 


l ilm 


ilm 


life 


jdn 


an 


lost 


gum gayd 


jum guya 


love (s.) [you ! 


mahabbat [he! 


muAubbut [heh 


may God preserve 


Khudd sdlamat rak- 


Wmda sulamut ruk 



78 



English. 


Hindflstftnl. 


Pronunciation. 


mercy 


rdhm 


ru/im 


mind (intellect) 


'akl 


uja 


missionary 


pddri 


^adree 


New Testament 


nayd 'ahdnama 


nuya 'uhdnama 


obey (to) 


manna 


manna 


Old Testament 


purdnd 'ahdnama 


purana 'uhdnama 


pain 


dukh 


dukh 


place of worship 


'ibddat-gdh 


'ibadut-gah 


please God 


inshd Allah 


insha ullah 


peace 


saldmat 


sulamut 


praise (s.) 


hamd 


Aumd 


^prayer 


namdz, du'a 


numaz, du'a 


psalm 


bJiajan 


bhujun 


psalms of David 


zabur 


zuboor 


purgatory 


a'rdf 


u'raf 


receive (to) 


lend 


lehna 


,- religion 


din, mazhab 


deen, muzhub 


Bright (justice) 


in?df 


insaf 


righteousness 


dlnddrl 


deendaree 


saints 


auliyd 


owliya 


salvation 


najdt 


nujat 


seek (to) 


dhundhnd 


rf/ioond/tna 


sin (s.) 


pdp, gundh 


pap, gunah 


sorrow 


gham 


^Aum 


soul, spirit 


rub 


rooA 


substitute (s.) 


'iwaz 


'iwuz 


temptation 


imtihdn 


imtiAan 


thought 


khaydl 


/c/iuyal 


trust (s.) 


i'tibdr 


i'tibar 


whosoever 


jo ko'l 


jo ko'ee 


wisdom 


'aklmandl 


'uA;lmundee 


Word of God 


Khudd kd kaldm 


Muda ka kulam 


worship of God 


Khudd-parastl 


^/mda-purustee 


worshipper of God 


Khudd-parast 


AMda-purust 


wrong-doing 


'w-infdfi, gundh 


beh-insafee, gunah 


The Hindu Trinity : 


The Creator 


Brahma 


bruhma 


The Destroyer 


Shiva 


shiva 


The Preserver 


Vishnu 


vishnu 



79 



32. Legal and Judicial Terms. fFaujJari alfaz.j 



English. 


Hindustani. Pronunciation. 


Accusation 


nalish 


nalish 


accuser 


firyddl 


furyadee 


acknowledge (to) 


ikrdr karnd 


i/crar kurna 


acknowledgment 


ikrdr 


iArar 


,, deed of 


ikrdrndma 


iArarnama 


acquittal [court) 


begundh thahrdnd 


behgunah t/mhrana 


acquittance (in 


riha'l 


riha'ee 


address (of speech) 


'arz 


'urz 


,, (of letter) 


thikdnd, paid 


/iikana, puta 


admit (agree to) 


kabul karnd 


Arubool kurna 


adultery 


cilhindld 


chhinala 


advance (of money) 


dddanl 


dadunee 


agency 


gumdshta-garl 


gumashta-guree 


agent (law busine ss) 


vakil 


vukeel 


agreement 


kaul-o-kardr 


Arowl-o-fcurar 


allegation 


baydn 


buyan 


allege (to) 


baydn karnd 


buyan kurna 


amend (to) 


durust karnd 


durust kurna 


amendment 


durustl 


durustee 


apologise (to) 


'uzr kamd 


'uzr kurna 


apology 


l uzr 


'uzr 


appendix 


tatimma 


tutimma 


arbitrate (to) 


sdlisl karnd 


salisee kurna 


arbitration 


sdlisl 


salisee 


arbitrator 


sdlis 


salis 


arrangement 


band-o-bast 


bund-o-hust 


arrears 


bdkiydt 


baAdyat 


arrest (in) 


kaid hu'd 


/caid hoo'a 


(to) 


fliriftdr karnd 


giriftar kurna 


assault (to) 


hamla karnd 


^umla kurna 


attach (seize, by 


zabt karnd 


zubt kurna 


process of law) 






attestation 


tasdlk 


tusdee/c 


attest, (to) 


tasdik karnd 


tusdee/c kurna 


attorney 


mukhtdr 


mii/c/itar 


,, (power of) 


mukhtdr-ndma 


mu/c/ttar-nama 


auction 


nlldm 


neelam 



English. 


80 - 

Hindustani. Pronunciation. 


authorise 


ijdzat dend 


ijazut dehna 


award 


faiala 


faisula 


'bail 


zdminl 


zaminee 


bailiff 


ndzir 


nazir 


bailor 


zamin 


zamin 


bond (for money 


tamassuk 


tumussuk 


(borrowed) 






borrower 


karz lenewdld 


Aurz lehnehwala 


bribery 


rishwat 


rishwut 


brief (legal) 


kaiflyat 


kaifeeyut 


business (trade) 


tijdrat 


tijarut 


,, (profession) 


pesha 


pehsha 


case (in court) 


mukaddama 


mu&udduma 


,, (facts of) 


asl hdl 


usl /ial 


catalogue 


fihrist 


fihrist 


certificate 


sifdrish kd khatt 


sifarish ka Mutt 


character 


chdl-chalan 


chal-chulun 


(good) 


nek-ndm 


nehk-nam 


(bad) 


bad-ndm 


bud-nam 


(person) 


bad-ma'dsh 


bud-mu'ash 


charge (accusation) 


ilzdm 


ilzam 


. n (to) 


ilzdm lagd dena 


ilzam luga dehna 


circle (of jurisdic- 


'ilaka 


ila&a 


tion) 






circumstance 


hdl 


Ml 


circumstantial 


tafsil-wdr 


tufseel-war 


civil law 


dlwdnl d'ln 


deewanee a'een 


claimant (in court) 


mudda'i 


muddu'ee 


clause 


dafa' 


dufu' 


clerk (native) 


kirdnl 


kiranee 


(copying) 


nakl-navls 


nu/cl-nuvees 


client 


asdml 


usamee 


colleague 


raflk 


rufeeft 


collector (of dues) 


tahsilddr 


tuAseeldar 


complainant (in 


mudda'l 


muddu'ee 


court) 






confession (in court) 


ikrdr 


i/crar 


confine (in prison) 


kaid karnd 


A-aid kurna 


contract 


*ahd o paimdn 


'uhd o paiman 


contractor 


thike-ddr 


7ieekeh-dar 



81 



English. Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


convict, a. 


kaidl 


/caidee 


conviction 


8ubut-i-jurm 


suboot-i-jurm 


copy 


nakl ' 


nu/cZ 


court of justice 


dlwdnl 'adalat 


deewanee 'udalut 


(civil) 






,, (criminal) 


faujddn 'addlat 


fowjdaree 'udalut 


crime 


jurm 


jurm 


criminal 


mujrim 


mujrim 


crown lands 


kltds-mahdl 


AAas-muAal 


custom (tax) 


khirdj 


/c/tiraj 


deceased 


marlium 


murAoom 


decision (of a case) 


faisala 


faisula 


declaration 


baydn 


buyan 


decree 


di;/ri, iiukm 


digree, hu.km 


deed (of gift) 


Mba-ndma 


hiba-nSma 


(of sale) 


bai-ndma 


bai-nama 


,, (of lease) 


pattd 


puffa 


defence (answer) 


jawdb 


juwab 


defend (in court) 


jawdb dend 


juwab dehna 


defendant (in a suit) 


mudda'd-'alaih 


muddu'a-'ulaih 


denial 


inkdr 


inkar 


deposit 


amdnat 


urnanut 


(to) 


sipurd karnd 


sipurd kurna 


deposition (on oath) 


gawdhi 


guwahee 


deputy 


amln 


umeen 


detain (to) 


bdz rakhnd 


baz rukhna 


diary 


roz-ndmclia 


roz-namcha 


district 


zila* 


zila' 


divorce 


taldk 


tula/; 


(to) 


taldk dend 


tuUl/; dehna 


effects (goods) 


mdl o matd 1 


mal o rnuta' 


eject (to) nikdl dend 
embezzle (to) | khiydnat karnd 


nikal dehna 
Miyanut kurna 


embezzlement 


ta?arruf 


tusurruf 


employer 


munib, mdlik 


munib, malik 


enact (to) 


d'ln jdrl karnd 


a'een jaree kurna 


enactment 


a'in, kdnun 


a'een, /canoon 


equity 


in?df 


insaf 


error 


chuk 


chook 


estate 


milklyat, jd'iddd milkeeyut, ja'idad 



HilidusUni S.T. 



82 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


estate-holder 


zamlnddr 


zumeendar 


evasion 


tdlmatol 


talmuiol 


evidence 


gawdhl 


guwahee 


ex-parte 


ek tarfl 


ehk turfee 


excise [ m g) 


dbkdrl 


abkaree 


execute (by hang- 


phdnsl dend 


phansee dehna 


executioner 


jalldd 


jullad 


fact 


liakikat 


/m/cee/cut 


factory 


kothl 


kot/iee 


false pretence 


jhuth bahdna 


j hoof h buhana 


fee (of office) 


rusum 


rusoom 


file (of papers) 


misl 


misl 


fine (payment in 


jurmdna 


jurmana 


money) 


\ruplye 


[roopeeyeh 


five per cent. 


Jl saikre pdnch 


fee saikreh panch 


fortune (wealth) 


daulat 


dowlut 


forgery 


jdlsdzi 


jalsazee 


fraud 


fareb 


furehb 


gain 


nafa' 


nufa' 


government 


sarkdr 


surkar 


guardian (of pro- 


amdnat-ddr 


umanut-dar 


perty) 






guilt 


ffundh 


gunah 


hire (fare in money) 
,, (to) 


kirdya 
kirdya lend 


kiraya 
kiraya lehna 


hirer 


kirdya-ddr 


kiraya-dar 


illegal 


khildf-kdnun 


fcAilaf-/canoon 


income 


md-lia$al 


ma-/msul 


information (in 


ndlish 


nalish 


court) 






informer 


go'inda 


go'inda 


injunction 


fyukm 


Aukm 


injustice 


be-insdfi 


beh-insafee 


innocent (person) 


be-gundh 


beh-gunah 


inventory 


ta'lika 


tu'lee/ca 


issue (to) 


jdrl kar-dend 


jaree kur- dehna 


jail 


kaid-kjidna 


feaid-Mana 


judge 


jaj sahib 


juj saAib 


judgment 


faisala 


faisula 


., , to give 


faiyala den a 


faisula dehrj^, 



88 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


jurisdiction 


'amalddri 


'umuldaree 


landlord 


mdlik 


malik 


law (human) 


d'in 


a'een 


,, court 


'addlat 


'udalut 


suit 


da'wd 


du'wa 


lease 


ijdra 


ijara 


left (surplus) 


fazil 


fazil 


legacy 


tarka 


turka 


legal 


kdnunl 


Aranoonee 


legatee 


tarka-icdld 


turka- wala 


lender 


udhdr-deneirdld 


udhar- dehnehwala 


levee 


darbdr 


durbar 


mace-bearer 


chob-ddr 


chob-dar 


minister (of State) 


dlwdn, wazlr 


deewan, wuzeer 


money-changer 


satrdf, podddr 


surraf, poddar 


M -lender 


mahdjan 


muhajun 


murder 


khun 


/c/ioon 


(homicide) 
(wilful) 


katl-l-insdn 
katl-i-'amd 


A;utl-i-insan 
Autl-i-'umd 


murderer 


Ichunl, kdtil 


Moonee, Aatil 


mutual agreement 


'ahd-o-paimdn 


'uhd-o-paiman 


non-suit 


nd-manzur 


na-munzoor 


notification 


ishtihdr 


ishtihar 


notify (to) 


ittild' dend 


ittila' dehna 


v \ / 

oath (to take an) 


kasam khdnd 


/rasum khana 


\ / 

pardon 


mu'dfi 


mu'afee 


i. 

parish 


mahalla 


mu/tulla 


partnership 


hissaiidrl, shardkat 


/assadaree, shura- 


parties (in a suit) 
penal 


fankain 
wdjib-us-sazd 


furee/cain [kut 
wajib-us-suza 


X. 

code (Indian) 


majmu'a-i-ta'zirdt- 
i-Hind 


mujmoo'a-i-tu'zee- 
rat-i-hind 


penury 


jhuthl kasam 


jhoo^Aee /aisum 


IT *f * 

petitioner 


sd'il 


sa'il 


plaint (in court) 
pleader (in court) 


'arzl-da'ird 
vakil 


'urzee-du'wa 
vukeel 


pledge 


giro 


giro 


t o 

(to) 


giro rakhnd 


giro-rukhna 


\ / 

police 


polls 


polees 


t 
office 


thdnd 


thana 





English. 


84 

Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


police officer 


ddrogka 


daroffAa 


prisoner 


kaidl 


Araidee 


procedure (crimi 


majmu'a-i-zdbita- i 


mujmoo'a-i-zabita- 


[naF 


faujddrl 


i-fowjdaree 


(civil) 


majmu'a-i-zdbita -i 


mujmoo'a-i-zabit r 




dlwdnl 


i-deewanee 


proof [of) 


dalll 


duleel 


property (division 


takslm 


tuAseem 


(left by will) 


matruka . 


mutrooka 


,, (of woman in 


stridhan 


streedhun 


own right) 






prosecution ( in 


mukaddama 


mukudduma 


prosecutor [court) 


mudda'i 


muc-du'ee 


punishment 


sazd 


suza 


quotation 


iktibas 


i/ctibas 


quote (to) 


iktibas karna 


iArtibas-kurna 


recommendation 


sifdrish 


sifarish 


record (bundle of 


natihl 


nutthee 


papers) 






record keeper 


mufyafiz-i-daftar 


muhafiz-i-duftur 


, , office 


sai-ishta 


surishta 


redress 


in?df 


insaf 


regulation 


hukm, d'ln 


Aukm, a'een 


release 


rihd'i 


riha'ee 


,, (to) [ment 


rilia'i dend 


riha'ee dehna 


religious endow- 


wakf 


wuH 


rent (house, &c.) 


kirdya 


kiraya 


. (land) 


jama' 


juma' 


free 


Id-khirdj 


la-A;Arraj 


,, (rate of) 


nirkh 


nirkh 


-roll 


jama'bandi 


jumu'bundee 


repentance 


naddmat 


nudamut 


report (in detail) 


$urat fydl 


soorut h&l 


respite 


muhlat 


muhlut 


revenue 


jama'bandi 


umu'bundee 


reward 


in'dm 


.n'am 


risk 


hhatra 


/c/tutra 


(to) 


khatrd uthdnd 


Mutra utJisma. 


robbery 


chorl 


choree 


Beal 


muhr 


muhr 



85 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


seal (to) 


miihr la/id-dend 


muhr luga-dehna 


sealing-wax Idkh 


lakh 


search taldsli 


tulash 


(to) just-o-ju karnd 


just-o-joo kurna 


searcher 


dhundhne-wdld 


dhoondhneh-vf&la, 


sentence 


faifala 


faisula 


signature 


dast-khatt 


dust-Mutt 


slander 


badndm 


budnam 


staff (of office) 


chob 


chob 


stamp 


ddk-tikat 


c/ak-tikuf 


statement (in 


'arz-ddsht 


'urz-dasht 


writing) 






statute of limitation 


mi'dd 


mee'ad 


sue (in court) 


mukaddama karnd 


mu/cudduma kurna 


suit 


mukaddama 


mufcudduma 


suitor 


faryddl 


furyadee 


summons (of court) 


talabl-parwdna 


tulubee-purwana 


superintendent 


sarddr 


surdar 


suretyship 


zamdnat 


zumanut 


tenant (of house) 


kirdya-ddr 


kiraya-dar 


,, (of land) 


ra'lyat 


ru'eeyut 


testament (will) 


wa$iyat-ndma 


wuseeyut-nama 


testatDr 


wa&yat karnewdla 


wuseeyut-kurneh- 






wala 


theft 


clwri 


choree 


thief 


chor 


chor 


traitor 


darjhdbdz 


du<//tabaz 


treason 


namak-hardml 


numuk-/turamee 


trial (in court) 


tajwlz 


tujweez 


tribunal 


'addlat 


'udalut 


unlawful 


nd-jd'iz 


na-ja'iz 


usurer 


siid-khor 


sood-A;7ior 


usury 


sud-khori 


sood-Moree 


valid 


pakkd, kd'iin 


pukka, Aa'im 


wafer 


<tikll 


fiklee 


witness 


gawdli 


guwah 


worship (title) 


fyuzur 


Auzoor 


(your) 


jandb-i-'dli 


junab-i-'alee 


written agreement 


waslka 


wuseefca 


,, order 


paru-dna 


purwana 



86 



83. Indian Titles, Castes and Servants. 
(Hindustan he Mi tab, zdt anr natikar chahar.] 

(Professions and Trades, see Vocabulary 14, page 32.) 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


Ambassador 


elchl 


ehlchee 


Excellency 


jandb mustatdb 


junab mustutab 


Emperor of India 


kaisar i-ldnd 


/caisur i-hind 


King 


bddshdh, pddxlidh, 


badshah, padshah, 




raja, mahdrdjd 


raja, muharaja 


Majesty 


jahdn-pandh 


juhan-punah 


Minister of State 


dlwdn 


deewan 


nobleman 


amir 


umeer 


nobility . 


arkdn-i-daulat 


urkan-i dowlut 


Prince 


rand, kimwar, 


vana, koonwur, jub- 




jubrdj, shdh-zada 


raj, shah-zada 


Princess 


rani, slidh-zddl 


ranee, shah-zadee 


Queen 


mahdrdnl, rdnl, 


mubaranee, ranee, 




malika 


mulika 


bearer (valet) 


behrd 


behra 


_/ butler 


khdnsdman 


/c/iansaman 


coachman 


gdrlwdn 


gareewau 


female attendant 


dyah 


ayuh 


footman 


piydda 


piyada 


gardener 


bdyhbdn, mall 


ba^Aban, maiee 


gate-porter 


darbdn 


d urban 


groom 


ghorewdld, sals 


ghorehwala, sa'eos 


head house-servant 


sarddr behrd 


surdar behra 


labourer 


mazdur 


mnzdoor 


^.messenger 


chaprdsl 


chuprasee 


punkha-puller 


panhhd-ii'dld 


punkha-wala 


palki-bearer 


pdlkl-wdld 


palkee-wala 


scullion 


mash'alchl 


nmsh'ulchce 


subjects (generally) 


ra'lyat 


ru'eeyut 


sweeper (male) 


mihtar 


mihtur 


(fSmaie) 


mihtrdnl 


mihtranee 


...^table-servant 


khidinat'jdr 


/i/iidmutgar 


^-teacher (of languages) 


munshl 


munshee 


-^washerman 


dliobl 


dhobee 


water-carrier 


bihishti 


bihishtee 


writer (Hindu) 


kirdnl 


kiranee 



87 

English. | Hindustani. j Pronunciation. 


Castes, in order of precedence : 


priest 


brahman 


brahman 


warriors 


kshatrv/a 


kshutriya 


agriculturists ! raishya 


vaishya 


servants \sudra 


sudra 


out-castes \pdriah 


pariuh 


34. Washing List. (Dhula'i kifihrixt.) 


Apron 


epran 


ehprun 


blanket 


karifli 


kumlee 


bodice 


bddis 


badis 


cap 


topi 


topee 


chemise 


karnls 


/cumees 


* collar 


kdlar 


kalur 


cuff 


kafs 


kufs 


drawers 


pd'e-jdma 


pa'eh-jama 


dress 


frdk 


frak 


dressing-gown 


pairdhan 


pairahun 


napkin 


hath kd tauliyd 


hath ka towliya 


^ necktie 


gulu-band 


guloo-bund 


night-dress 


rat lid kami$ 


rat ka /rumees 


night- shirt 


rat kd kamif 


rat ka /oimees 


petticoat 


ghdghrd 


ghaghra 


do. (flannel) 


fldlen kd fthtifihrd 


flalehn ka ghaghra 


pillow-case 


takiye kd yhildf 


tukiyeh ka ghilai 


. pocket-handkerchf . 


rumdl 


roomal 


do. (silk) 


resham kd rumdl 


rehshum ka roomal 


sheets, pair of 


chddar 


chadur 


^ shirt 


kamif 


Arumees 


x- socks, pair of 


moza 


moza 


stockings, pair of 


maze 


mozeh 


do. (silk), 


resham ke moze 


rehshum keh mo- 


stays 


istej 


istehj [zeh 


table-cloth 


mez ki chddar 


mehz kee chadur 


towel 


tauliyd 


towliya 


/trousers 


patliin 


put loon 


under-vest 


banyan 


bunyun 


^- waistcoat tt-askit 


wuskit 


do. (flannel) fldlen kd waskit 


flalehn ka wuskit 



CONVERSATIONAL PHRASES AND SENTENCES. 



When addressing an equal or superior the honorific dp (you), gen. 
dpkd (your), should be always used instead of turn and tumhdrd. 
With dp the verb should be in the 3rd person plural. 



Useful & Necessary Idiomatic Expressions & Phrases. 

(Kdm he aur zarurl jumle aur mithdirardt.) 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


Thank you (to 


apkl 'indyat 


apkee 'inayut 


equals & superiors) 






Have the goodness 


mlhrbdnl kar-ke 


mihrbanee kur-keh 


Yes, sir 


han $dhib 


han sa/iib 


Yes, miss 


hdn mis sdhiba 


haw mis sa/tiba 


No, madam 


nahln mem-fdJiiba 


nuheen mehm-sa/;iba 


Bring me 


mere liye Ido 


mehreh liyeh lao 


Do you understand? 


dp samajhte hain ? 


ap sumujhteh haiw ? 


^r. Excuse me 


mu'df kljiye 


mu'af keejiyeh 


_, Give me 


mujhe do 


mujheh do 


Send me 


mere liye bhejo 


mehreh liyeh bhehjo 


Tell me 


mujh se kaho 


mujh seh kuho 


Will you tell me ? 


mujhe hahoge / 


mujheh kuhogeh? 


Do you speak 


turn Angrezl zabdn 


turn ungrehzee zuban 


English ? 


bol-sakte ho ? 


bol-sukteh ho? 


Is there anyone 


yahdn ho'i Angrezl 


yuhan ko'ee ungrehzee 


who speaks 


zabdn bol saktd 


zuban bol sukta hai ? 


English here? 


hai? 




Can you read 


turn Angrezl park 


turn ungrehzee pur/i 


English ? 


sahte ho ? 


sukteh ho ? 


I find the pro- 


main zabdn kd 


main zuban ka tuluffuz 


nunciation very 


talaffnz bahut 


buhut mushkil pata 


difficult 


mushkil paid hun 


hoon 


Have patience 


?abr karo 


subr kuro 


Hold your tongue ! 


chup raho ! [hai ? 


chup ruho! 


How are you ? 


dp kd mizdj kaisd 


ap ka mizaj kaisa hai? 


What do you say? 


kyd kahte ho ? 


kya kuhteh ho ? 


T beg your pardon 


mu'df kljiye 


mu'af keejiyeh 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


What did you ask ? 


turn ne kyd jmchhd? 


turn neh kya poocbha? 


Speak louder 


pukdrke bolo 


pukarkeh bolo 


[nify ? 


is-kd matlab kyd 


is-ka mutlub kya hai? 


What does it sig- 


hai ? [kin 




It is no matter 


kuclih muzdyaka na- 


kuchh muzayuA-a nuheen 


It is all the sarno 


yih sab mujhe ek-lil 


yih sub mujheh ehk-hee 


to me 


bat hai 


bat hai 


..Never mind 


kuchh paru-d nahin 


kuchh purwa nuheen 


What is the matter? 


kyd hai ? 


kya hai ? 


Nothing [slow ? 


kuchh nahin 


kuchh nuheen 


Why are you so 


kyun den karte ho ? 


kyoow dehree kurteh ho? 


- What is to be done? 


kyd karnd hogd ? 


kya kurna hoga ? 


I have not a notion 


main bil-kull jdntd 


mai?i bil-kull janta 




nahin 


nuheen 


Do you hear ? 


turn sunte ho ? 


turn sunteh ho ? 


I understand 


main samajhtd hun 


main sumujhta hoon 


I do not understand 


main nahin samajh- 


main nuheen sumujhta 




td hun 


hoon 


Carry this 


yih uthd ke le-jdo 


yih u/ta keh leh-jao 


Take this 


yih lo 


yih lo 


Take this away 


yih le-jdo 


yih leh-jao 


Make haste 1 


jaldl karo ! 


juldee kuro 1 


Come along ! 


mere sdth do ! 


mehreh sath ao 1 


-Take care ! 


khabarddr raho ! 


A7mburdar ruho 1 


Look out 1 


khabarddr ho ! 


Muburdar-ho 1 


Listen ! 


tuno ! 


sunol 


Come in ! 


andar do ! 


undur ao 1 


Come here 1 


idhar do ! 


idhur ao ! 


Come back ! 


laut do ! 


lowi ao ! 


,Call my servant 


mere naukar ko 


mehreh nowkur ko bu- 




buld'o 


la'o 


Take this note 


yih chitthl le-jdo 


yih chitthee leh-jao 


Bring (an) answer 


jawdb loo 


juwab lao 


Stand still 


kJiare raho 


khureh ruho 


'Go away 1 


chale-jdo ! 


chuleh-jao I 


This way 


is taraf 


is turuf 


That way 


us taraf 


us turuf 


Too soon 


bahut jaldl 


buhut juldee 


Too late 


bahut der 


buhut dehr 


. Very well 


bahut achchhd 


buhut uchchha 



90 



English. 


Hindflstini. 


Pronunciation. 


x Not very well 


bahut achchhd 


buhut uchchha nuhee?i 




nahin 




<== What do you want? 


hyd chdhte ho ? 


kya chahteh ho ? 


What do you say ? 


kyd Jcahte ho ? 


kya kuhteh ho ? 


It snows 


barf girtl hai 


burf girtee hai 


It freezes 


jam-jdtd hai 


jum-jata hai 


It thaws 


barf gal-jdtl hai 


burf gul-jatee hai 


, It is very dirty 


bahut maild hai 


buhut maila hai 


Is it slippery out 


bdhar bahut phis- 


bahur buhut phisluha 


of doors ? 


lahd hai ? 


hai? 


I nearly fell 


main girte, yirte 


main girteh, girteh 




bachd 


bucha 


It is dull 


ghatd d'l 


ghnta a'ee 


Do you think it will 


turn kjiaydl karte ho 


turn khuyal kurteh ho 


rain ? 


ki bdrisli hogl ? 


ki barish hogee 


I am afraid so 


main dartd hun ki 


main rfurta boon ki 




aisd ho-jde 


aisa ho-jaeh 


^ It is very windy 


hawd bahut chaltl 


huwa buhut chultee 




hai 


hai 


. It is very cold 


bahut thand hai 


buhut thund hai 


Give (me) 


do 


do 


, some bread 


rotl do 


rofee do 


, some meat 


gosht do 


gosht do 


, some wine 


shardb do 


shurab do 


, some beer 


bir-shardb do 


beer-shurab do 


Bring (me) 


lao 


lao 


, some water 


pdnl lao 


panee lao 


, some butter 


makkhan lao 


mukkhun lao 


, some cheese 


panlr lao 


puneer lao 


, some eggs 


ande lao 


unefeh lao 


, some milk 


dildh lao 


doodh lao 


, some coffee 


kahwa lao 


/cuhwa lao 


, some tea 


chd'e lao 


cha'eh lao 


Call the cook 


bdwarchl ko bulao 


bawurchee ko bula'o 


s" Do not forget 


bhulo mat 


bhoolo mut 


Do not worry (me 


dik mat karo 


dife mut kuro 


^Go quickly 


jaldi jd'o 


juldee ja'o 


^Shut the door 


darwaza band karo 


durwaza bund kuro 


.^Open the window 


jhilnril kholo 


jhilmil kholo 


Lower the blinds 


chlk niche karo 


chi^ neecheh kuro 



01 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciatioo. 


How do vou do to- 


dp kd mizdj dj 


ap ka mizaj aj kaisa 


day? * 


kaixd hai ? 


hai? 


I am very well 


main achchhd Jiiin 


mai?i uchchha hoon 


^,\ must go 


mujhe jdnd hogd 


mujheh jana hoga 


1 hope you will 


umcdwdr hnn ki dp 


umehdwar hoon ki ap 


come again 


phir jald tashrlf 


phir juld tush reef 


soon 


Idu-en 


laweh?* 


- I must take leave 


mujh ho dp se ntkh_- 


mujh ko ap seh ruMsut 


of you 


sat hond chdhiye 


hona chahiyeh 


Good-bye 


kliudd hdfiz 


/r/iuda /<afiz 


Order the carriage 


gdrl kd hit km do 


garee ka Aukm do 


Your carriage is 


gdrl taiydr hai 


garee taiyar hai 


waiting 






Will you do me a 


mujh par ek mihr- 


mujh pur ehk mihiba- 


favour ? 


bdnl karogef 


nee kurogeh ? 


You can render me 


turn mujh par ek 


turn mujh pur ehk buree 


a great service 


ban mihrbdnl 


mihrbanee kur suk- 




kar sakte ho 


teh ho 


I am very much 


dp-kd main bahut 


ap-ka mam buhut iftsan- 


obliged to you 


ihsdnmand hun 


mund hoon 


I am greatly in- 


main dp-kd bahut 


main ap-ka buhut shukr- 


debted to you 


shiikr-guzdr hun 


guzar hoon 


I thank you \shukr-guzdr hun 


shukr-guzar hoon 


I shall be much main dp-kd bahut 


mai?? ap-ka buhut mum- 


obliged to you 


mamniin hung a, 


noon hoonga 


I am sorry to 


afsos Jiai ki main 


ufsos hai ki mairi ap- 


trouble you so : dp-ko itnl takllf 


ko itnee tukleef dehta 


much 


detd hun 


boon 


No trouble at all 


sard bhl takllf 


zura bhee tukleef nuheen 




nahln 




J am glad I am 


main kjhush hun 


mai?i Mush hoon main 


very glad 


main bahut khush 


buhut kJmsh \\oon 




hun 




- I am very happy 


main bahut khush- 


main buhut Mush-dil 


^ I am delighted 


dil hun main 


hoon main dil-A/msh 




dil-kjiush hun 


hoo?i 


Are you hungry? 


tum-ko bhiikh lagl 


tum-ko bhookh lugee 




hai? 


hai? 


I am very hungry 


main bahut bhukhd 


main buhut bhukha 




him 


hoon 



fnglUh. Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


Eat something 


kuchh khdiye 


kuchh khaiyeh 


Are you not 


dp kuchh pydse 


ap kuchh pyaseh 


thirsty ? 


nahln ? 


nuheen ? 


No, not at all 


nahln,mutlak nahln 


nuheew, mutluA; nuheen 


1 am very thirsty 


main bahut pydsd 


main buhut pyasa boon 




hun 




.What will you 


kyd pl'oge? 


kya pee'ogeh ? 


drink ? 






Will you take a 


kuchh tliardb pl'o- 


kuchh shurab pee'o- 


glass of wine ? 


ge? 


geh? 


What o'clock is it? 


kyd bajd liai f 


kya buja hai ? 


It is one o'clock 


ek bajd hai 


ehk buja hai 


It is past one 


ek baj-gayd 


ehk buj-guya 


It is a quarter-past 


saird ek bajd hai 


suwa ehk buja hai 


one 






It is half-past one 


derh bajd hai 


dehr/i buja hai 


It wants a quarter 


paune do baje hain 


powneh do bujeh hain 


to two 






It has not struck 


bdrah nahln baje 


baruh nuheen bujeh hain 


twelve 


hain 




It is twelve o'clock 


bdrah baje hain 


baruh bujeh hai?> 


It is noon 


do pahar hai 


do puhur hai 


It is midnight 


ddhl-rdt hai 


adhee-rat hai 


It is not late 


der nahln 


dehr nuheen 


It is later than I 


jo main ne spchd, 


jo main neh socha, usseh 


thought 


usse ziydda der hill 


ziyada dehr hooee 


How late it is 1 


kaisl der hul 


kaisee dehr hooee 


How is the 


mausim kaisd hai ? 


mowsim kaisa hai ? 


weather ? 






It is bad weather 


khardb hai 


Wmrab hai 


^lt is fine beauti- 


achchhd khub mau 


uchchha Moob mowsim 


ful weather 


sim hai 


hai 


, It will rain 


pdnl barsegd 


panee bursehga 


We shall have a 


dj pharcha hogd 


aj phurcha hoga 


fine day 






The sky has clearec 


dsmdn ?qf hu'd 


asman saf hoo'a 


It is foggy 


dj kolidsd hai 


aj kohasa hai 


It is not foggy 


dj kohdsd nahln hat 


aj kohasa nuheen hai 


It is rainy weathei 


barsdt kd mausim 


bursat ka mowsim hai 




hai 





98 



English. 


Hlndftst&ni. 


Pronunciation. 


The weather is 


ab maiisim thlk 


ub mowsim f/ieek hai 


settled 


hai 




It is very hot 


dj bahut garm hai 


aj buhut gurm hai 


It is very mild 


dj to garm yd thand, aj to gurm ya thund 




bhl nahln 


bhee nu&een 


It is cold 


dj thand lagtl hai 


aj f/tund lugtee hai 


It rains 


bdrish girtl hai 


barish girtee hai 


[storm 






We shall have a 


tiifdn hogd 


toofan hoga 


It is. lightning 


bijll chamaktl hai 


bijlee chumuktee hai 


It thunders 


garajtd liai 


gurujta hai 


It is clearing up 


pharchd hotd hai 


phurcha hota hai 


The weather is very 


mausim bahut 


mowsim buhut budulta 


changeable 


badaltd hai 


hai 


It is very dusty 


rdh men bahut gard rah mehn buhut gurd 




hai 


hai 


It is very dirty 


rdh bahut maili hai 


rah buhut mailee hai 


It is daylight 


ban fajr hu'l 


buree fujr hoo'ee 


It is dark 


andherd hu'd 


undhehra hoo'a 


It is night 


rat hu'l 


rat hoo'ee 


It is a tine night 


rat achchhi hai 


rat uchchhee hai 


It is a dark night 


rat andherl hai 


rat undhehree hai 


It is moonlight 


chdndnl rat hai 


chandnee rat hai 


Do you think it 


turn khaydl karte ho 


turn AVtuyal kurteh ho ki 


will be fine ? 


ki din pharchd hot /a 


din phurcha hoga ? 


Where do you live ? 


kahdn rahte ho ? 


kuhan ruhteh ho ? 


Is it far from 


kyd yahdn se dur 


kya yuhan seh door hai? 


here? 


hai / 




--About ten kos 


ko'i das kos dur j ko'ee dus kos door 


Address of house 


makdn kd pat-d 


mukan ka puta 


Which is the 


jane ke liye 


janeh keh liyeh 


shortest way 


kaunsd rasta sab 


kownsa rusta sub seh 


to go to ? 


se chhotd hai ? 


chhota hai ? 


How far is it to ? 


tak kitnldilr hai? 


tuk kitnee door hai ? 


What sort of a rasta kaisd hai ? 


rusta kaisa hai ? 


road is it ? 






Is it a healthy 


yih jafjah shifd- 


yih juguh shifa-buMsh 


place ? 


bakhsh liai? hai ? 

1 


What is the name 


is gduw kd ndm is ganw ka nam kya 


of that village? | kyd hai ? hai ? 



94 



English. 


Hindustani. 


i'ronnnciatlon. 


You are in the 


dp sidhe raste men 


ap seedheh rusteh mehn 


right way 


hain 


hain 


You are not in 


dp sidhe raste men 


ap seedheh rusteh mehn 


the right way 


nahln hain 


nuheen hain 


You are quite out 


dp sldhl rah par 


ap seedhee rah pur 


of the way 


nahln hain 


nuheen hain 


Which way am' I 


main kis raste 


mam kis rusteh jaoon? 


to go ? 


jdun ? 




Go straight on for ek mil tak sidhe 


ehk meel tuk seedheh 


a mile 


chale-jdo 


chuleh-jao 


Turn (to the) right 


ddhine phiro 


dahineh phiro 


Turn (to the) left 


Id' en phiro 


ba'ehw phiro 


Which is which I 


kaun yih hai aur 


kown yih hai owr kown 


cannot say 


kaun wuh hai 


wuh hai main nuheen 




main nahln kah t 


kuh sukta hoon 




saktd hunt 




What is it ? 


yih kyd hai / 


yih kya hai ? 


What is the matter tumko kyd hu'd 


tumko kya hoo'a hai ? 


with you ? 


hai ? 




He urged me to is kl darkhwdst 


is kee durMwast mun- 


grant his prayer 


manzur karne 


zoor kurneh ko mujhe 




ko mujhe isrdr 


israr kiya 




kiyd 




It is nothing 


yih to kuchh nahln 


yih to kuchh nuheen 


Who is there ? 


wahdn kaun hai ? 


wuhan kown hai ? 


It is I 


main hun 


main hoon 


What is the news ? 


kyd khabar hai / 


kya &7mbur hai ? 


Have you any 


kuchh khabar hai ? 


kuchh Mubur hai ? 


news? 






I have heard 


main ne kuchh 


main neh kuchh nuheen 


nothing 


nahln sund 


suna 


Are you quite 


kyd tumko khftb 


kya tumko Moob yu/feen 


certain ? 


yakln hai ? 


hai? 


What is the matter? 


kyd hai ? 


kya hai ? 


What has hap- 


kyd hu'd ? 


kya hoo'a ? 


pened ? 






What do you 


kyd chdhte ho 1 


kya chahteh ho ? 


want? 






He is subject to 


usko bukhdr aksar 


usko bu/c/mr uksur ata 


fever dta kai \ Lai 



95 

English. Hindustani. 


Unless you do this 
I shall not pay 


agar turn yih kdm 
na karoge, to 


you 


main ek paisd 




nahln dungd 


How many hours 


tak kitne ghan- 


is it from here 


te lagenge ? 


tn 9 




It is not far 


bahut dur nahln 


What is the name 


is shahr kd ndm 


of the town? 


kyd hai ? 


It is called 


iskd ndm 


Please say it again 


phir kaho 


What temple is - 


wuh kaunsd mandir 


that? 


hai ? 


I am going to- 

TVI Al*TY^T_T7 to 


main kal ko 

ft fl T~l M ft ft * 


What is the price 


jUfiiftyu/ 

iskl klmat kyd hai ? 


of it? 




Il cheap I will buy 


agar sastd ho to 


it 


main kh_and ka- 




rungd 


1 cannot afford to 


main ziydda nahln 


pay more 


de saktd 


Be gone 


nikal jdo 


Go away from here yahdn se nikaljdo 


Go home 


ghar jdo 


<jo on 


chalo 


Go slowly 


dhiste chalo 


Go out 


bdhar jdo 


Go up 


up or jdo 


Go there 


udhar jdo 


Go down 


niche jdo 


Go in front 


age jdo 


Go to market 


bazar ko jdo 


Go to the Post and ddk-ghar ko jdkar 


bring me the 


mere kliatt Id do 


letters 




Come here 


idhar do 


Show me the house 


hdlcim kd ghar mujh 


of the Consul ko dikhlao 



Pronunciation. 

ugur turn yih kam na 
kurogeh, to main ebk 
paisa nuheen doonga 

tuk kitneh ghunfeh 
lugehngeh ? 

buhut door nuheew 

is shuhr ka nam kya 

hai? 

iska nam 
phir kuho 
wuh kownsa mundir 

hai.? 
mai?i kul ko jaoonga 

iskee /ceemut kya hai ? 

ugur susta ho to main 
/c/tureed kuroo/iga 

mai?i ziyada nuheen deh 

sukta 
nikul jao 

yuhan seh nikul jao 
ghur jao 
chulo 

ahisteh chulo 
bahur jao 
oopur jao 
udhur jao 
neecheh jao 
ageh jao 
bazar ko jao 
dak-ghur ko jakur meh- 

reh Mutt la do ^ 

idhur ao 

/takim ka ghur mujh ko 
dikhlao 



96 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


Make haste 


jaldl karo 


juldee kuro 


Let us start 


ab chalen 


ub chuletw 


Get everything 


sab chin taiyar 


sub cheez taiyar kuro 


ready 


karo 




^ Wait 


$abr karo 


subr kuro 


Take away 


le-jdo 


len-jao 


Here I am 


main yahdn hun 


main yuhan hoow 


-~_ We shall start 


ham kal ban fajr 


hum kul buree fujr ja'- 


early to-morrow 


jd'enge 


ehwgeh. 


before sunrise 






Be good enough to 


mihrbdnl kar ke 


mihrbanee kur keh mujb 


tell me 


mujh se kalio 


seh kuho 


Hear what I tel 


jo mam kahtd hun 


jo main kuhta hoo/t so 


you 


so suno 


suno 


Bring me my horse 


merd ghord Ido 


mehra gho?-a lao 


Speak with the in 


tarjuman ke sdth 


turjuman keh sath bat- 


terpreter 


bdt-chit karo 


cheet kuro 


Speak to him 


usse bolo 


usseh bolo 


Put water into the 


ghusl-khdna men 


^Ausl-Mana mehn panee 


bath 


pdnl ddlo 


rfalo 


Empty the bath 


ghusl kd pdnl nikdl 


ghusl ka panee nikal 




do 


do 


, I am feverish 


mujhe bukhdr sd 


mujheh bu/c/iar sa mu'- 




ma'lurn kotd hai 


loom hota hai 


x I am unwell 


mam blmdr hun 


mai?i beemar hoon 


I have enough 


mere pas has hai 


mehreh pas bus hai 


I am very tired 


main bahut thak^ 


main buhut thuk guya 




gayd [yd 




I will travel (start 


main safar karun- 


main sufur kuroo??ga 


1 want to eat 


main khdnd chdhtd 


main khana chahta 




hun 


hoon 


1 am very sleepy 


mujhe bahut nlnd 


mujheh buhut neend 




dtl hai 


atee hai 


Don't speak lest 


mat bolo, shdyad 


mut bolo, shayud suneh 


he hear 


sun e 




, He always makes 


wuh hamesha gha- 


wuh humehsha ghuluiee 


mistakes 


latl kartd hai 


kurta hai 


What is this ? 


yih kyd hai ? 


yih kya hai ? 


What does this 


is kd matlab kyd 


is ka mutlub kya hai ? 


mean? 


hai f 





97 

Expressions of Surprise, Sorrow, Joy, Anger and 
Reproof. 

(Tahaiyur, khushl, ghu^a-o-ilzdm ke alj'dz. ) 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


What 1 


kyd! 


kya! 


Indeed ! 


sach bat ! 


such bat 1 


Alas, that is im- 


of sos ! yih mumkin 


ufsos ! yih mumkin 


possible 1 


nahln hai 


nuheen hai 


That cannot be 


wuh kabhl nahln ho 


wuh kubhee nuhee?j ho 




saktd 


sukta 


You surprise me 


mujhe ta'ajjub hotd 


mujheh tu'ujjub huta 




hai 


hai 


Take care ! 


khabarddr raho ! 


Muburdar ruho ! 


My fault 1 


yih to men chuk 


yih to mehree chook 




thl 


thee 


Oh, it's nothing 1 


wuh to kuchh nahln! 


wuh to kuchh nuheen ! 


Don't mention it 


kuchh parwd nahln 


kuchh purwa nuheen 


I am sorry 


mujhe a/son hai 


mujheh ufsos hai 


What a pity I 


of sos ! 


ufsos 1 


It is a sad thing 


a/sos kl bat hai 


ufsos kee bat hai 


I am very glad 


main khush hun 


main Hush hoon 


He is very angry 


wuh bahut ghus$e 


wuh buhut ,9/tusseh hai 




hai 




Hold your tongue 


chup raho 


chup ruho 


What a shame ! 


kya sharm kl bat hai 


kya shurm kee bat hai 


Don't answer 


jawdb mat do 


juwab rnut do 


All right ! 


bahut achchhd ! 


buhut uchchha ! 


Oh dear ! oh dear ! 


hd'e hd'e ! 


ha'eh ha'eh 1 


Be off! 


dftr-dur ! 


door-door ! (like pool) 


Bravo ! Well done ! 


wdh-wdh ! shdbdsh'. 


wah-wah 1 shabash! 


How lovely 1 


kya khAb ! 


kya /c/ioob 1 


Stuff! Nonsense! 


kyd bat ! 


kya bat I 


Nasty ! It is no 


chhl ! chhl ! kuchh 


chhee ! chhee ! kuchH 


good 


kdm kd nahln 


kam ka nuheen 


How fortunate 1 


dhanl-dhan ! 


dhunee-dhun ! 


What a statement! 


kyd bat ! 


kya bat ! 


Get out ! 


dtlr ho ! 


door ho ! 


How excellent 1 


kyd khub ! 


kya A7ioob I 


My dear ! 


merl-jdn ! 


mehree-jan ! 


Help ! Mercy ! 


dohd'l ! 


doha'ee ! 



Hindustani 8.T. 



98 



Making Enquiries. (Puchhne fd babat.) 



English. 


HindflatanL 


Pronunciation. 


What do you say ? 


kyd kahte ho ? 


kya kuhteh ho ? 


What do you want? 


kyd chdhte ho ? 


kya chahteh ho ? 


Do you hear me ? 


turn sunte ho ? 


turn sunteh ho ? 


Who is he ? 


wuh kaun hai 1 


wuh kown hai ? 


Will you kindly ? 


mihrbdnl kar ke ? 


mihrbanee kur keh ? 


What is thematter? 


kyd hai? ikya hai ? 


Who is there? [me? 


wahdn kaun hai ? wuhan kown hai ? 


Do you understand 


turn samajhte ho ? 


turn sumujhteh ho? 


What is that ? 


yih kyd hai ? 


yih kya hai ? 


Can you speak 


Hindustani zabdn 


hindopstanee zuban bol 


Hindustani ? 


bol sakte ho ? 


sukteh ho ? 


Do you know 


sdhib ko jdnte 


sa/tib ko janteh ho ? 


Mr. ? 


ho? 




Where is the ? 


kahdn hai ? 


kuhan hai? 


What do you call 


vsko Hindustani 


iisko hindoostanee zuban 


that in Hindu- 


zabdn men kyd 


mehn kya kuhteh 


stani ? 


kahte hain? 


hain? 


W 7 hat does that 


uskd matlab kyd 


uska mutlub kya hai ? 


mean ? 


hai? 




What is that good 


wuh kis kdm led 


wuh kis kam ha hai ? 


for? 


hai? 




Breakfast. (Hdzin.} 


(See Vocabularies 10 & 11, pages 26 & 27.) 


Is breakfast ready? Jidziri taiydr hai Id 


/iaziree taiyar hai ki 




nahln / 


nuheen ? 


Breakfast is ready 


hdzirl taiydr hai 


Aaziree taiyar hai 


Bring it quickly 


jaldl Id'o 


juldee la'o 


Is the tea made ? 


chd'e band-dl ? 


cha'eh buna-dee? 


Some rolls 


kuchh rotl'dn 


kuchh rotee'an 


Do you drink lea 


chd'e yd kahwa 


cha'eh ya kuhwa pee- 


or coffee? 


ploge ? 


ogeli ? 


This cream is sour 


yih mald'l khattl 


yih mula'ee khuttee 




hai 


hai 


Will you take an 


andd leoge f 


unrfa lehogeh ? 


egg? 
These effffs are hard 


mh ande sakht hain 


vih urn/eh au/c/tt ham 



99 



English. 



Hindustani. 



Pronunciation. 



Give me the salt, namak, mirch, rail numuk, nairch, ra'ee do 
pepper, mustard do 



"~ Pass me the butter 



makkhan do 



taza 



yih makkhan 

nahln 
aur kuchh Ido 

bos ydrhd 



This butter is not 

fresh 

Bring some more 
Is the coffee strong! kahwa 

enough ? hai ? 

Coffee with milk ! kahwa ke sdth dudh 
Cofl'ee without j kahwa be-dudh 

milk 

We want more cups aur piydle chdhiye 
A cup and saucer ekpiydla pirich 
Take some more aur chinl lo 



sugar 

Honey and jam 
Ripe fruit 
A piece of toast 
Cold meat 
Eggs and bacon 
A rasher of bacon 
The table-cloth 
You can take away 

the things 



sliahd aur murabba 
pakka phal 
tost ltd tukrd 
thandhd gosht 
U'kam aur ande 
bekam ki ek sola in 
mez kl cJiddar 
mez par se chlzeii 
le-jdo 



rnukkhun do 

yih mukkhuu taza 

nuheen 

owr kuchh lao 
/ouhwa bus ga?7ta hai? 

/Vuhwa keh sath doodh 
/iuhwa beh -doodh 

owr piyaleh chahiyeh 
ehk piyala pirich 
owr cheenee lo 

shuhd owr murubba 
pukka phul 
tost ka fukra 
thmadha, gosht 
behkum owr unrfeh 
behkum kee ehk sulais 

! mehz kee chadur 

i mehz pur seh cheezehn 

i leh-jao 



Dinner. (Khana.) 

(See Vocabularies 1O & 11, pages 26-28.) 



What have you 

ready ? 

Mutton and beef , 
Have you any ! 

gravy soup ? 
Is there no tish ? 
Have you any roast 

beef ? [en 

Get me some chick- 
Curry and rice 
What wines will 

you have ? 
Here is the list 



kya taiydr hai 1 kya taiyar hai ? 

[t/oslit [gosht 

matan-fjosht aur l/if- mutun-gosht owr beef- 



kuchh shorba hai ? 



kuchli shorba hai? 



machhll nahln hai T, muchhlee nuheen hai ? 
kuchh rost-blf hai ? kuchh rosi-beef hai? 

[yosht Ido^ [lao 



thord vniryhi kd 

kdrl bhdt 

kaunsl shardb pl- 

oge? 
fihriat ko dekho 



thora mur^r/iee ka gosht 

karee bhat 

kownsee shurab peeo- 

geh? 
fihrist ko dehkho 



* 100 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


We shall dine at 


ham chha baje 


hum chha bujeh khana 


six o'clock 


khdnd khdu-enge 


khawehwgeh 


At half -past seven 


sdrhe sat baje 


sar/ieh sat bujeh 


Be punctual 


thlk icakt par do 


t/teek wuTc't pur ao 


Are you hungry ? 


bhukhe ho ? 


bhookbeh ho? 


I am hungry 


main bhukhd liun 


mam bhookba hooj? 


What shall I help 


mam ap-ko kyd 


main ap-ko kya doon ? 


you to ? [soup ? 


dun ? [oge 1 




Will you take some 


kuchh shorba le- 


kuchh shorba lehogeh ? 


It wants more salt 


aur namak chdhiye 


owr numuk chahiyeh 


It is too salt 


namak ziyada hai 


numuk ziyada hai 


It is excellent 


balmt achchhd hai 


buhut uchchlia hai 


Cayenne pepper 


Idl mirch 


lal mirch 


The mustard pot 


rd'l-dan 


ra'ee-dan 


Vinegar and oil 


sirka aur tel 


sirka owr tehl 


Chutney and pick- 


chatnl aur.acliar 


chufnee owr achar 


Some fat [les 


kuchh charbl 


kuchh churbee 


Well done or under 


khub pakdyd yd 


khoob pukaya ya adha 


done 


ddhd kachchd 


kuchcha 


Here are spinach 


met par sag aur 


mehz pur sag owr kobee 


and cabbage 


kobl hai 


hai 


Peas 


matar 


muftir 


-Cauliflower 


phiilkobl 


phoolkobee 


Asparagus 


ndgdaun 


nagdown 


'Potatoes 


alu 


aloo 


Change the plates 


bartan badlo 


burtun budlo 


Give me a clean 


saf kdntd do 


saf kanfa do 


fork 






A clean knife 


fdf chhurl Ida 


saf chhuree lao 


Are you thirsty ? 


pydse ho ? 


pyaseh ho? 


. I am very thirsty 


main bahut pydsd 


main buhut pyasa 


[watei 


hiin 


hoon 


Bring me a glass oi 


ek glas panl do 


ehk glas panee do 


Would you prefer 


ziyddapasand hai? 


...ziyada pusund hai ? 


- Iced water 


barf kd panl 


burf ka panee 


-Give me something 


kuchh pine ko do 


kuchh peeneh ko do 


to drink 






This wine tastes of 


is shardb men datte 


is shurab mehn dutteh 


the cork 


kd maza hai 


ka muza hai 


It is flat 


utar ;/ayd hai 


utur guya hai 



101 



English. 


Hiadi'istini. 


Pronunciation. 


Bring another bot- 
A corkscrew [tie 
Won't you take 
something more ? 
Nothing more 


dilsra botal Id'o 
pech-kash 
aur kuchh leoge ? 

aur kuchh nahln 


doosra botul la'o 
pehch-kush 
owr kuchh lehogeh ? 

owr kuchh nuheen 



Tea. (Ckd'e.) 

(See Vocabularies 10 A 11, pagei 28-2S.) 



Tea is quite ready 


chd'e bi'lkull taiyar 
hai 


Pour out the tea 
Bring a saucer 
A cup of tea 
1 Boiling water 
Some cream 


piydla men ddlo 
pirich Ido 
ek piydla cJid'e 
phutd pdnl 
kuchh mala' I 


A little more milk 


aur thord dudh 


Do you take sugar? 
More bread 


mi$rl leoge ? 
aur kuchh rotl 


Some bread and 
butter, some 


kuchh rotl, makkhan 
aur ande 


eggs [cake ? 
Will you take some 
' A small piece 
-Make more toast 


kuchh purl leoge f 
chhotd tukrd 
aur tost bando 


This is excellent 
tea 


yih chd'e bahut 
achchhl hai 



cha'eh bi'lkull taiyar hai 

piyala mehn rfalo 
pirich lao 
ehk piyala cha'eh 
[->hooa panee 
kuchh mula'ee 
owr tho/a, doodh 
misree lehogeh? 
owr kuchh rofee 
kuchh rotee, mukkhun 
owr undeh 

kuchh pporee lehogeh ? 
chhota tukra 
owr tost bunao 
yih cha'eh buhut uch- 
chhee hai 



Evening. (Sham.) 



It is late 
It is not late 
It is still early 
Are you tired ? 
Not at all 
Not much 
It is only ten 
Are you sleepy ? 
I am sleepy 
Put the mosquito; 
curtain on the bed! 



der ho gal 
der nahln hul 
ab tak to bihdne liai 
thak yaye ho 1 
bi'lkull nahln 
bahut nahln 
sir/ das baje hain 
nlnd lagtl hai I 
mujhe nlnd dtl hai? 
palang par masahrl 
lagdo 



dehr ho gaee 
dehr nuheen hooee 
ub tuk to bihaneh hai 
thuk guyeh ho ? 
bi'lkull nuheeu 
buhut nuhee?i 
sirf dus bujeh hain 
neend lugtee hai 
rnujheh neend atee hai 
pulung pur musuhree 



English. 


102 

Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


It is time to go to 


ab khivdb kd wakt 


ub fc/iwab ka wu/rt aya 


bed 


dyd 




Is my room ready? 


sone kd kamra 


soneh ka kumra taivar 




taiydr hai ? 


hai? 


Go and see 


jdkar dekho 


jakur dehkho 


Light the candle 


mom-battl jald'o 


mom-buttee jula'o 


The Time. (Wakt.) 


(See Vocabulary 18, page 36.) 


Morning, evening, 


fajr, sham, din, 


fujr, sham, din, rat 


day, night 


rat 





Midnight, noon 


ddhl-rdt, do pahar 


adhee-rat, do puuur 


- To-night 


dj rat ko 


aj rat ko 


What o'clock is it ? 


kyd bajd hai ? 


kya buja hai ? 


Ten minutes past 


sat baj-ke das 


sat buj-keh dus minu< 


seven 


minat 




It has just s.truck 


ab-hl nau baje 


ub-hee now bujeh 


nine 


hain 


hain 


A quarter past one 


sawd-ek baje 


suwa-ehk bujeh 


Half past four 


sdrhe char baje 


sar/ieh char bujeh 




hain 


ham 


Twenty minutes to 


bis minat kam 


bees minui kum chha, 


six 


chha baje 


bujeh 


s A quarter to eight 


paune dth baje 


powneh &th bujeh 




hain 


hain 


Exactly three 


thlk tin baje hain 


tAeek teen bujeh haira 


o'clock [ing 






The clock is strik- 


gharl bajtl hai 


ghuree bujtee hai 


"^At what time ? 


kis wakt? 


kis wu&t ? 


"9.0. a.m. 


nau baje din ko 


now bujeh din ko 


\7.0. p.m. 


sdt baje rat ko 


sat bujeh rat ko 


In Town. (Sha/ir men.) 


(See Vocabulary 13, page 30.) 


Where shall we 


ham kahdn jo 1 en ? 


hum kuhan ja'ehn ? 


go? 
Which is the way 


ko kis rdh se ? 


ko kis rah" seh ? 


to? 






V Where does this 


yih rdh kahdn jdtl 


yih rah kuhan jatee 


road lead ? 


hai! 


hai? 



103 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


Straight before you 


age sidhd 


ageh seedha 


Go to the other 


sarak ke us par 


suruk keh us par jao 


side of the road 


jdo 




To the right, left 


ddhine, id' en 


dahineh, ba'ehn 


. Is it far from here? 


yahdn se dur hai / 


yuhan seh door hai ? 


How far is it to ? 


se kitnl dur hai? 


seh kitneh door hai ? 


About a mile 


karlb-karlb ddhd-kos 


/cureeb-Arureeb adha-kos 


Where can I get 


ddk-tjhar jane ko 


/ak-ghur janeh ko main 


a carriage to the 


main gdrl kahdn\ garee kuhan paoonga? 


post-office ? 


pdfmgd / 


. .. 


"* Go quickly 


jaldl jdo 


juldee jao 


^Go slowly 


dhiste jdo 


ahisteh jao 


"^Straight on 


sldhe jdo 


seedheh jao 


-^Let us go 


chaliye 


chuliyeh 


Show me the way 


miijhe rail dikhlao 


mujheh rah dikhla'o 


- Turn to the right 


ddhine phiro 


dahineh phiro 


--Keep to the left 


bd'in taraj chalo 


ba'een turuf chulo 


Cross the road 


rdh pdr-karo 


rah par-kuro 


What street is the 


Ids raste men dukdn Ids rusteh mehn dukan 


shop in? 


hai ? tai ? 


Is this the way to 


bdzdr jdne ko yih 


bazar janeh ko yih rah 


the bazaar ? 


rdh hai 1 


hai? 


Do you know Mr. 


F. sahib ko pah- 


F. sa/db ko puhchanteh 


F. ? chdnte. ho ? 


ho? 


I don't know any-j ko'l us ndm kd 


ko'ee us nam ka mai 


one of that name 


main nahln jdn- 


nuheen janta l\oon 


[mine 


td hun 




He is a friend of 


wuh merd dost hai 


wuh mehra dost hai 


I know him very 


main nsko khub 


main usko khooib puh- 


well [ing? 


pahchdntd hun 


chanta boon 


Where are you go- 


kalian jdte ho ? 


kuhan jateh ho? 


>* Where does he 


wuh kahdn rahtd 


wuh kuhan ruhta hai ? 


live? 


hail *' 




/"'Close by 


nazdlk 


nuzdeek 


Can you direct me 


uskd ghar mujhe 


uska ghur mujheh but- 


to his house ? 


batld sakte ho ? la sukteh ho ? 


Here it is 


yihl hai yihee hai 


Is Mr. (Mrs.) 


sdhib ( sdhiba) sa/db ( sa/dba) ghur 


at home ? 


ghar men hain mehn bain ? 


v He is not in 


ghar men nahln hai ghur mehn nuheen hai 



104 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


Good morning 


salam 


sularn 


How do you do ? 


dp kd mizdj kaisd 


ap ka mizaj kaisa hai? 


%^ 


hai 1 




Very well 


bahut achchhd hai 


buhut uchchha Lai 


"- I am very well 


main bahut achchhd 


main buhut uchchha 




him 


hoo?i 


I must go 


miijhe jdnd chdhiye 


mujheh janft chahiyeh 


Don't go yet 


ablii najaiye 


ubhee na ja'iyeh 


Come again some 


phir ek din f\iye 


phir ehk din a'iyeh 


day 






Good-bye, farewell 


khudd fydfiz 


Muda Mfiz 



s 



Correspondence. (Murdsalat.) 

(See Vocabularies 17 & SO, pages 30 & 75.) 



I must write a 

letter 
I want some paper 

Have you any ? 

Will you give me 

some? 
Lend me a sheet 

The pen is bad 
Have you another ? 
Is your letter for 

the post ? 
A postage-stamp 
What is the day 

of the month ? 
To-day is the first 
Close the envelope 
Seal your letter 

There is no wax 
Send a reply 
Take this letter to 

the post 
Pay the postage 



rmijhe kjiatt likhnd] mujheh khuti likhna 



chdhiye 
kuchh kdghaz chdh- 

td hun 
tumhdre pas kuchh 

kdghaz hai ? 
mujh-ko kuchh 



de- 



oge. 



mujhe ek kaghaz kd 

takhta udhdr do 
kalam khardb hai 
dusrd hai ? 
tumhdrd kJiatt ddk 

ke waste hai ? 
ddk kl tikat 
dj kl 'tdrikh kyd 

hai? 

dj pahll tdrikh hai 
llfdfa band karo 
khatt ko lakh se 

muhr lagd do 
Idkh naliln hai 
jawdb bhejo 
yih khatt ddk-ghar 

ko le-jdo 
mahsul kd dam do 



chahiyeh 
kuchh ka<?Auz chahta 

hoon 
tumhareh pas kuchh 

ka#/tuz hai? 
mujh-ko kuchh deho- 

geh? 
mujheh ehk ka 9/mz ka 



udhar do 
Murab hai 
doosra hai? 
tumhara Mutt ofak keh 

wasteh hai ? 
rfak kee tikut 
aj kee taree/r/i kya hai ? 

aj puhlee tareeM hai 

lifafa bund kuro 

Mutt ko lakh seh muhr 

luga do 

lakh nuheen hai 
juwab bhehjo 
yih Mutt rfak-ghur ko 



leh-jao 



ka dam do 



105 



Shooting. (Shikar karnd.) 

(Sea Vocabulary 2O, page 42.) 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


Have I to obtain 


yahdn banduk cha- 


yuhan bundoo/c chula- 


permission to 


Idne ke waste ijd- 


neh keh wasteh ijazut 


shoot here ? 


zat lend, chahiye? 


lehna chahiyeh ? 


To whom must I 


ki,s se ijdzat lend 


kis seh ijazut lehna 


apply ? 


chahiye I 


chahiyeh ? 


What kind of game 


yahapi kis kism 


yuhan kis A-isrn ka 


can I get here ? 


ka shikar mil 


shikar mil sukehga ? 




sakegd ? 




Elk, stag, rabbit, 


sdmbar, haran, 


sambur, ' -hurun, A;Aur- 


buffalo, boar, 


kjhargosh, bhains, 


gosh, bhaiws, junglee 


fox, tiger 


jangll su'ar, lom- 


soo'ur, lomree, bagh 




ri, bdgh 




Can I obtain the ex- 


mujhe ekele shikar- 


mujheh ehkehleh shikar- 


clusive right over 


karne kl ijazat 


kurneh kee ijazut mil 


the shooting ? 


mil saktl ? 


suktee ? 


What rent must I 


kyd khirdj dend 


kya A'/tiraj dehna chahi- 


pay? 


chahiye ? 


yeh? 


Can I get one 


shikar karne ke 


shikar kurneh keh was- 


or two experi- 


waste mere sdth 


teh mehreh sath janeh 


enced men to 


jane ko ek do 


ko ehk do hoshyar 


go out shooting 


hoshydr ddml mil 


admee mil sukteh 


with me ? 


sakte hain ? 


hai 1 


How much must 


har ek ko kitnd 


hur ehk ko kitna paisa 


I pay each of 


paisd har roz 


hur roz (hur hufta) 


them per clay? 


(har hafta] (har 


(hur muheena) dehna 


(week) (month) 


mahlna] dend 


chahiyeh ? 




chahiye / 




How many dogs can 


kitne kutte mujhe 


kitneh kutteh mujheh 


you let me have ? 


de sakoge ? 


deh sukogeh? 


Aie the dogs prop- 


ye shikari kutte 


yeh shikaree kutteh 


- erly trained ? 


hain f 


haiw? 


Keep the dogs 


kutton ko plchhe 


kutton ko peechheh 


back 1 


rakho ! 


rukho ! 


Load my gun 


merl banduk bharo 


mehree bundoo/c bhuro 


Carry my gun 


meri banduk uthd- 


mehree bundoo/f uf/takeh 


[cartridges 


ke le-chalo 


leh-chulo 


Give me some kuchh tonte do 


kuchh <onfeh do 



English. 


106 

Hindastanii 


Pronunciation. 


Do not fire ! 


banduk mat mdro ! 


bundooA: mut maro ! 


Take good aim 


achchhltarahshist lo 


uchchhee turu/i shist lo 


Let me have a shot 


dp kl banduk se 


ap kee bundoofc seh 


with your gun 


mujhe mdrne do 


mujheh marneh do 


Gunpowder 


bdrut 


baroot 


To cock a gun 


ghord charhdnd 


ghora chur/tana 


Half-cock 


ek pd'e par ghord 


ehk pa'eh pur ghora 


The barrel 


nail [rahko 


nulee [rukho 


A gunsmith 


banduk-sdz 


bundoo/c-saz 





Fishing. (Machhll mdrnd.) 



(See Vocabulary 2O, page 42.) 



Is there any fish- 
ing to be had 
near here? 

Must I first obtain 
permission to 
fish? 

To whom must I 
apply? 

What is the rent 
for fishing in 
this river (lake, 
pond) ? 

Can I get the sole 
right of fishing? 

Are there places 
for salmon- 
fishing ? 

Can I have a boat 
and man ? 

What do you 
charge for the 
hour (day)? 

Are you an experi- 
enced fisherman? 

Can I depend on 
you? 



machhll mdrne kd 

ko'l thikdna naz- 

dlk hai ? 
machhll mdrne ke 

waste ijdzat pah- 

le lend chdhiye ? 
kis se ijdzat lend 

chdhiye ? 
is nadl (tdldo, td- 

Idb) men machhll 

mdrne ke waste 

kyd khirdj dend 

chdhiye ? 
mujhe ekele machhll 

mdrne ke waste 

ijdzat mil saktl? 
sdmdn mac/ihll 

mdrne ke thikdne 

hain ? 
ek nd'o aur malldJ.i 

mil sakegd? 
har gharl (roz) kd 

kyd dam chdhte 

Iw? 
turn hoshydr mahl- 

glr ho ? 
turn par bharosd kar 

saktd hun ? 



muchhlee marneh ka 
ko'ee Z/dkana nuzdeek 
hai? 

muchhlee marneh keh 
wasteh ijazut puhleh 
lehna chahiyeh ? 

kis seh ijazut lehna cha- 
hiyeh ? 

is nudee (talao, talab) 
mehn muchhlee mar- 
neh keh wasteh kya 
Miraj dehna chahi- 
yeh? 

mujheh ehkehleh muchh- 
lee marneh keh wa*- 
teh ijazut mil suktee ? 

saman muchhlee mar- 
neh keh t/dkaneh 
hain ? 

ehk na'o owr mulln/i 
mil sukehga ? 

hur ghuree (roz) ka ky;> 
dam chahteh ho ? 

turn hoshyar muheegeer 

ho? 
turn pur bhurosa kur 

sukta hoon ? 



107 

EngHsih. HindflsUni. | Pronunciation. 


Will you bring turn chard Id'oge ? 


turn chara la'ogeh ? 


bait? 






Have you brought j kuchh chard la'e 


kuchh chara la'eh ho ? 


some bait ? 


ho? 




Give me a hook 


mujhe dnkrl do 


mujheh ankree do 


Bait my line 


bansl par chard 


bunsee pur chara lugao 




lagdo 




What bait must 


kis kism kd chard 


kis A-ism ka chara cha- 


use? 


chdhiye? 


hiyeh ? 


Will you bait my 


men dorl meii chdrd 


mehree donee mehn 


line? 


lagdo 


chara lugao 


Give me my rod 


laggl do 


luggee do 


The weather is 


hawd nd-muwdfik 


huwa na-muwafi/c hai 


unfavourable 


hai 




The water is too 


pdnl maujen mdrtd 


panee mowjehn marta 


rough 


hai 


hai 


The tide is strong 


nadl tez chaltl hai 


nudee tehz chultee hai 


The oars 


ddnde 


dam/eh 


Row gently 


nd'o dhiste chaldo 


na'o ahisteh chulao 


Row into mid- 


wanjh-dhdr men 


mun j h - dhar mehn 


stream 


khe'o 


kheh'o 


This is a good 


yih achchhl jagah 


yih uchchhee juguh 


place 


hai 


hai 


Stop rowing 


khend maukuf karo 


khehna mow/coof kuro 


Don't make a noise 


shor mat karo 


shor mut kuro 


Make haste ! 


jaldl karo 


juldee kuro 


How much does 


is machhll kd wazn 


is muchhlee ka wuzn 


this fish weigh ? 


kyd hai ? 


kya hai ? 


Will you weigh it? 


usko wazn karoge ? 


usko wuzn kurogeh ? 


The fishing is good 


yahdn machhll mdr- 


yuhan muchhlee marneh 


here 


ne kd thikdna 


ka f/iikana uchchha 




achchhd hai 


hai 


Fishing tackle 


machhll mdrne kd 


muchhlee marneh ka 




sdmdn saman 


The line 


dorl doyee 


The reel 


phirkl phirkee 


Fishing-net \jal jal 


A fly makkhl mukkhee 



108 



The Washerman. (Dhobi.) 

(See Vocabularies 9 & 34, pages 24 ft 87.) 



X 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


This is too limp 


yih bahut narm hai 


yih buhut nurm hai 


You don't put 


is men bas kdnjl 


is mehn bus kanjee 


enough starch 


nahln ddll 


nuheen rfalee 


I miss a collar 


merd ek kdlar kam 


mehra ehk kalur kum 




hai 


hai 


See how badly that 


dekho yih kaisd 


dehkho yih kaisa Murab 


is done 


kharab band hai 


buna hai 


You must take it 


isko wdpas le-jd'o 


isko wapus leh-ja'o 


back 







This is badly ironed 


is men kharab istrl 


is mehn Murab istree 




kl hai 


kee hai 


You have scorched 


turn ne yih kaprd 


turn neh yih kupra jhul- 


this dress 


jhidsd diyd hai 


sa diya hai 


You put too much 


mere kapre men 


mehreh kupreh mehn 


blue in my linen 


turn ne bahut 


turn neh buhut neel 




nil ddld hai 


rfala hai 


This is not my 


yih merd rumdl 


yih mehra roomal nu- 


handkerchief nahln hai 


heen hai 


You have torn this 


merd kaprd phdr- 


mehra kup7-a phar-c/ala 


dress 


ddld hai 


hai 


Have you your bill? 


tumhdrd Jiisdb tum- 


tumhara Msab tumhareh 




hdre pas hai ? 


pas hai ? 


I want this linen 


yih kaprd main 


yih kupra mai?^ dholana 


washed 


dholdnd chdhtd 


chahta boon 




hun 




Please return this 


ke din yih 


keh din yih kupra 


linen on 


kaprd bhejo 


bhehjo 


I will pay you 


main tum-ko paisd 


main tum-ko paisa doon- 




dungd 


ga 


You must bring 


yih fihrist wdpas 


yih fihrist wapus lana 


back this list 


land 





109 
Travelling by Railway. (Pel kd Safar.) 



English. 


Hindustani. 


Pronunciation. 


s Get everything 


sab chlz taiy&r karc 


sub cheez taiyar kuro 


ready 






I shall go by the 


das baje In rel mm 


dua bujeh kee rehl mehn 


ten o'clock train 


jaCungd 


ja'oonga 


x Order a carriage 


thikd gdrl mangdo 


zAika garee mungao 


Is the luggage 


asbdb taiyar hai ? 


usbab taiyar hai ? 


ready ? [riage 


[do 




Put it on the car- 


usko gdrl par rakh 


usko garee pur rukh do 


It is late; drive 


der hu'l ; isteshan 


dehr hoo'ee ; istehshun 


quickly to the 


ko jaldl hdnko 


ko juldee hanko 


station 






I shall hardly 


mushkil se gdrl 


mushkil seh garee mil- 


catch the train 


mileyl 


ehgee 


s What is your fare? 


bhdrd kitnd hai? 


bhara kitna hai ? 


Where is the book- 


tikat ghar kahdn ? 


tikut ghur kuhan ? 


ing-office? [to 


[tikat 


[tikuf 


A first-class ticket 


ko pahle darje ki 


ko puhleh durjeh kee 


What is the rail- 


tikat kd dam kyd? 


tikut ka dam kya ? 


way fare? [start? 






When does the train 


rel kab chalti hai / 


rehl kub chultee hai ? 


In half-an-hour 


ddhe ghante men 


adheh ghunteh mehn 


When will it arrive 


men kab pahun- 


mehn kub puhun- 


at [where ? 


chegl ? [hofjd .' 


chehgee ? [hoga ? 


Must I change any- 


kahln gdrl badalnd 


kuheew garee budulna 


It stops at for 


men ek ghante\ mehn ehk ghunteh 


an hour [tory ? 


tak thairti hai 


tuk Mairtee hai 


Where is the lava- 


ghusl-khdna kahdn? 


^/msl-Mana kuha?i? 


^- Where is dinner to 


khdnd kahdn mile- 


khana kuhan milehga ? 


be had ? 


ga? 




The luggage will go 


asbdb mdl-gdrl men 


usbab mal-garee mehn 


by goods train 


ja'egd 


ja'ehga 


Whatdoes it weigh? 


uskd wazn kitnd ? 


uska wuzn kitua ? 


What is the freight? 


mahs/ill kitnd 1 


muAsool kitna ? 


Put the luggage in 


asbdb brek men 


usbab brehk mehn rukho 


the brake-van 


rakho 




The bedding and 


bistar aur petl 


bistur owr pehfee ga?-ee 


portmanteau in 


gdfl men 


mehn 


the carriage 




s 


Pay the porters j motiyon ko paisa do 


motiyon ko paisa do 



110 
Commercial. (Tijdrati.) 



English. 


Hindustani. Pronunciation. 


I want to buy some 


kuchh ru'i (cham- kuchh roo'ee (chumreh, 


cotton (hides, 


re, chdwal, gehun)\ chawul, gehhoon) mol 


rice, wheat) 


mollene chdhtd hun\ lehneh chahta hoo 


Show some samples 


kuchh namuna dikh- 


kuchh numooua dikhlao 


^ What price ? 


kyd darn ? [ldo\ kya dam ? 


How much a yard ? 


kitne rupaye gaz ? 


kitneh rupuyeh guz ? 


What is the width? 


kitnd chaurd hai ? 


kitna chowra, hai ? 


What is the length? 


kitnd lambd hai? 


kitna lumba hai ? 


It is very dear 


bard mahangd hai 


bura muhunga hai 


^ That is too much 


bahut ziydda hai 


buhut ziyada hai 


Have you 'anything 


kuchh is se sastd 


kuchh is seh susta hai ? 


cheaper ? 


hai ? 




I want this sort of 


is kism ki ru'i 


is Adsm kee roo'ee cha- 


cotton 


chdhiye r hiyeh 


Measure ten yards 


das gaz ndpo \ dus ' guz napo 


Show me another 


dusrl kism kd kaprd 


doosree kism ka kup/-a 


kind of cloth 


dikhlao [/iai 


dikhlao 


*> I prefer this 


yih ziydda pasand 


yih ziyada pusund hai 


^-1 shall buy this one 


isko mol lung a, 


isko mol loonga 


^-1 do not like it 


isko pasand nahln 


isko pusund nuheen 


[price ? 


kartd 


kurta 


^ What is your lowest 


kam se kam kitnd ? 


kum seh kum, kitna ? 


Reduce your price 


ddm kam karo 


dam kum kuro 


., I will not give so 


iske waste Una na 


iskeh wasteh itna na 


much for it 


dungd 


doowga 


Will you take a 


turn hundl yd nakd 


turn hundee ya nu/;d 


cheque or cash ? 


rupaye leoge 1 


rupuyeh lehogeh ? 


A demand bill 


darshanl hundl 


durshunee hundee 


Count the money 


rupaye gin lo 


rupuyeh gin lo 


Write out a receipt 


rasld likh do 


ruseed likh do 


Sign the receipt 


rasld par dast-khatt 


ruseed pur dust -Mutt 


[wrong 


karo \nahln 


kuro [nuheen 


Your account is 


tumhdrd hisdb thik 


tumhara /asab theek 


Have you any good 


tumhdre pds achchhl 


tumhareh pas uchchhee 


cotton ? 


ru'i hai? 


roo'ee hai ? 


This cotton is very 


yih bahut ghatiyd yih buhut ghufaya roo'ee 


inferior [aged 


ru'i Jiai 


hai 


The goods are dam- 


mdl ddghl hai 


mal daa/iee hai 


Give me an invoice 


chdldn do \ chalan do 



English. 


111 

Hindustani. Pronunciation. 


The goods do not 


yih mdl chdldn se 


yih mal chalan seh 


correspond with 


nahln miltd 


nuheen milta 


the invoice [sured 






Get the goods in- 


mdl kd blind hard do 


mat ka beema kura do 


What is the rate of 


dj hundl kd bhdo\ aj hunJee' ka bhao kya ? 


' exchange to-day? 


kyd? 




How much will you 


turn uskd kitnd 


turn uska kitna lehogeh ? 


take for that ? 


leoge ? 




What discount will 


kitnd battd deoge 1 


kitna bila dehogeh ? 


you allow ? 




I 


At cost price 


asl klmat par 


usl /ceemut pur 


Bring your bill and 


tumhdrd hisdb Ido, 


tumhara Aisab lao, main 


I will settle it 


main usko chukd 


usko chuka dooga 




dungd 




A detailed account 


tafsilicdr hisdb 


tufseelwar /tisab 


I shall pay the bal- 


kal bdkl rupaye 


kul ba/cee rupuyeh 


ance to-morrow 


dungd 


doonga 


The market is dull 


bdzdr nann hai 


bazar nurm hai 


brisk 


bdzdr garm hai 


bazar gurm hai 


The price has risen 


dar cliarh gayd hai 


dur churft guya hai 


,, ,, gone down 


dar kam ho fjayd 


dar kum ho gay a 


Wholesale dealers 


thok bechneicdie 


thok behchnehwaleh 


Retail sellers [noon 


phutkal bechnewdle 


phufkul behchnehwaleh 


Telegraph this after- 


tlsre pahar tdr bhejo 


teesreh puhur tar bhehjo 


There is a great de- 


gehfin kl bahut many 


gehhoo kee buhiit mang 


mand for wheat 


hai 


hai 


Account of sales 


kharld o farokht kd 


Mureed o furo/tAt 'ka 


and purchases 


hisdb 


/iisab 


How many pieces 


gdnth men kitne 


gant/i mehn kitneh than? 


in a bale ? 


than ? 




How is the market 


is mdl kd bdzdr 


is mal ka bazar kaisa 


for those goods? 


kaisd hai ? 


hai? 


Buy if possible 


a<jar ko sake, mol In 


ugur ho sukeh, mol lo 


Vs'hat amount have 


tuinhdre pas kitnd 


tumhart-h pas kitna mal 


you to sell ? 


mdl bechne ko hai? 


behchneh ko hai ? 


What profit do you 


kyd nap a chdhte 


kya nuf'a chahtah ho ? 


want? [bankrupt 


ho? 




He has become 


ictth diwdld nikld rwuh diwala nikla 


His business is 


uskd kdm kdj ach- 


uska kam kaj uchchha 


going on well 


ch/td chaltd hai 


chulta hai 



112 



INDIAN MONEY. 

SILVER. i. d. 

1 rupaya (" rupee ") = aboufc 1 4 
8aa("anna") = ... 8 
4 =...04 

2 , = .02 



( Sikka i Hind.) 

BRONZE. 

1 ana ... ... ... 

* , 

1 paisd (" pice ") ... 



= Id. 



Note. As a general rule, 1 sterling is equal to 15 rupees, but these equivalents 
are subject to tbe fluctuations In exchange. 



WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. (Wazn o map.) 



WEIGHT. 

IDS. Av. 

2-2046 



(Wazn.) 

BOMBAY. Ibi. A 

1 man (" maund ") = 28 

1 khandl = 5 GO 



BNGAL. 

1 ser (" seer ") = 

BOMBAY. 

1 ser (" seer ") =2 

Native Jewellers' Weight.* 

(Jauhari Jtd wazn.) 

gr. Troy 

I dhdn ... = a (0.46875) 
4 dhdn =1 ratl = If 
8 ratl =1 mdshd= 15 
12 mdshd=l told =180 

* These weights are employed in the native valuation or assay of precious metals. 
LENGTH. (Lamba'i.) 

MADRAS. 

1 kol or gaz = 32 inches 
1 mfdam = 19i 



Goldsmiths' Weight.* 
(Sonar kd wazn.) 

gi. Troy 

Zyunj =1 wal = 3-8382 

4 wal = 1 mdshd = 15*3128 

12 mdshd = l told =183-7536 



1 muthi 
1 AortA 
1 #02 
1 Aros 
1 yojan 

I gait 



1 bighd 
I ( 



1 paddl 
1 fnarkal 
1 parah 



s= 3 in. 

= 18,, 

= lyd. 

= about 2 miles 

8 

BOMBAY. 

= 27 in. 



SURFACE. 

BENGAL. sq.yda. 

= 1600 

f.W.P.) = 3025 



1 palgat 
1 tha 
1 tain 
1 dain 

(Sath.) 
1 fczgr/ia 



= 1 inch 

= 154 inches 

= 1069-4 yds. 

= 2-4 miles 



BOMBAY. 



q. ydi. 

= 3927 



CAPACITY. (Map.) 

BENGAL. 

("seer") = 1-7619 pints. 

BRMA. 



= 2-8852 pints 
= 2-8852 gals. 
= 14-4261 



1 solai 
1 soli 
1 teng 



= 1 pint 
= 1 gallon 
= 1 bushel 



Printed by A. & E. WALTER, LTD., 13-17 Tabernacle Street, Finsbury, E.G. a. 
P.O. COO 




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(u 1 p|U so arranged that they may be learned AT A GLANCE. 








Prices Net 

Cloth Wrap 


Cloth Wrap 


ARABIC (Syrian) Se!f-Taught 41- 31- ITALIAN Self-Taught 


3>- 


1/9 


BURMESE , 6/- 51- JAPANESE 


41- 


31- 


CHINESE , 61- 46 LATIN u 


31- 


1/9 


DANISH . 41- 31- NORWEGIAN . 


41- 


31- 


DUTCH . 41- 3i- PERSIAN 


41- 


3'- 


EGYPTIAN [Arabic] , 41- 31- PORTUGUESE, 


41- 


31- 


ESPERANTO , 3/- 1/9 RUSSIAN 


41- 


31- 


FINNISH , 41- 31- SINHALESE 


41- 


31- 


FRENCH . 31- 1/9 SPANISH 


31- 


1/9 


GERMAN , 31- 1/9 SWEDISH 


41- 


31- 


GREEK (Modern] . 41- 31- TAMIL 


41- 


31- 


HINDUSTANI , 41- 31- TURKISH 


41- 


31- 


HUNGARIAN . 41- 31- 






GRAMMARS. 






FRENCH GRAMMAR by J. LAFFTTTK, B. 6 3 L 


31- 


1/9 


GERMAN . by W. K. WEBER, M.A. 


31- 


1/9 


HINDUSTANI , by S. BU.GRAMI, M.A 


41- 


31 


ITALIAN , by A. C. PANAGULLI 


31- 


1/9 


JAPANESE by H. J. WKINTZ 


6/- 


4/6 


SPANISH , by ANDUKH J. R. V. GARCIA 




19 


TAMIL , by Don M. de ZILVA WICKKEMASINGHE .. 


6/- 


4/6 


SELF-TAUGHT PHRASE BOOK AND GRAMMAR. 


(In one volume,) 






FRENCH Self Tauiiht and Grammar with Key.. 


5/6 





GERMAN . . . 


5/6 





HINDUSTANI 


7/6 


_ 


ITALIAN 


5/6 





JAPANESE 


8/6 





SPANISH 


5/6 





TAMIL 


8/6 





HOME STUDY SERIES. 






Contains Self-Taught Grammar and Key to the Exercises. 






FRENCH by Home Study, by J. LAFPITTE, B. es L. 





4/3 


GERMAN ,. by W. E. WEBKR, M.A 





4/3 


ITALIAN it b y <* DALLA VECCHI.I <fe A. C. PANAOULLI 





4/3 


SPANISH it i, by ANDRES J. R. V. GARCIA 


- 


4/3 


ENGLISH SELF-TAUGHT. 






For the FRENCH .. L'ANGLAIS SANS MAITRE 


3/- 


1/9 


.. GERMANS .. DER ENGLISCHE DOLMETSCHEX 


31- 


1/9 


., ITALIANS .. L'INGLESE IMPARATO DA SE 


31- 


1/9 


N SPANIARDS .. EL INGLES PARA CADA CUAL 


31- 


1/9 


RUSSIANS .. CaMoyMHTejb anrjiHCKaro n3WKa. 


31- 


1/9 


JEWS .. ipnv^tDDS^T t'' MS 'jy - 


31- 


1/9 


Other volumes are to be issued, including Malay Self-Taucht, A-c. 







London: E. MARYBOROUGH & Co., Publishers, 51. Old Bailey, E.G. 4. 

P.O. C74H.