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Full text of "Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital, 1904 to 1957"

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22-EASTVIEW 



11-CHURCH 
7-GREENHOUSE 
A-REST COTTAGE 12-TUPPER HALL 

HALL 8-50UTHLAWN 

5-MAINTENANCE 13- KNOLLWOOD 

OD HALL BUILDING 9-MAIN HOSPITAL 

6-OAK LAWN K-SHADY NOOK 

I0-PAUL50N HALL 

15-HILL5IDE 



16-HILLCREST 
17-KIMBALL 
18-THE INN 
19-HIGHLAND HALL 
20-SUNRlSE 
21-MOLINE COTTAGE 



23-PARKVIEW 



HINSDALE SANITARIUM AND HOSPITAL 
1904 — 1957 



HINSDALE 

Sanitarium and Hospital 



1 904 TO 1957 



COMPILE D 

AS A CONTRIBUTION 

TO THE HOSPITAL 

by Hugh G. Dugan 



TO THOSE WHO SPARE 
NOT THEMSELVES THAT 
OTHERS MAY LIVE. 






Foreword 

In America great respect prevails for those who 
raise themselves up from meagre beginnings and inauspicious 
surroundings to become of some exceptional service to man- 
kind. But there is also respect and admiration for those who, 
after having achieved success in their own right, reach out 
to help others along the way; and often the latter gesture, in 
its practical effect, is as much or more productive of accom- 
plishment than the former. How fortunate it is when an in- 
stitution is blessed with both kinds of stones in its foundation. 

According to statistics sent to the American Hospital Asso- 
ciation, covering the year 1953, the Hinsdale Sanitarium and 
Hospital admitted 6,310 patients for general, short-term hos- 
pital care, the average daily adult patient census being 158, 
and had a bed capacity of 193. The total births were 1,099 
or an average of three daily. The institution is shown as 
having a state-approved professional nursing school, and total 
paid personnel numbering 357. 

The American Hospital Association's Joint Commission 
on Accreditation of Hospitals lists the institution among 
those that are FULLY ACCREDITED, which means that it 
is meeting all of the Commission's established standards as 
to treatment and care, management, equipment, supplies, 
personnel, and medical and nursing procedures. 

To have reached its present stature from nothing but an 
idea in a little more than 50 years, while surmounting the 
troubles and anxieties that inevitably beset most organiza- 
tions whose purposes are exclusively humanitarian, there 



must have been some unusual sources of strength. No en- 
deavor can grow with such assurance and mounting success 
as that demonstrated by the "San," as it is affectionately 
known to all Hinsdaleans, without foresight, administrative 
wisdom, cooperative devotion to duty, and a deserved com- 
munity of interest. 

On that premise let us review the beginnings, the growth, 
and the present-day services of this modern hospital. 

H. G. D. 



Contents 

Struggle and Hope .... 9 
Under Way --.--- 14 

In Stride -..--- 32 

The Path Ascends - - - - - 57 

Postscripts ------ 87 

Personnel - - - - - - 89 

Index ..---- 93 



vu 



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

The following persons made substantial contributions 
toward the compilation of this book: 

Mrs. Corina M. Collier, for the art work- 
Mrs. Caroline Louise Clough, for permission to use infor- 
mation from His Name Was David, her excellent biography 
of Dr. David Paulson, and for certain other notes she furn- 
ished from among her records. 

Mr. A. C. Larson, Mr. Olof Moline, and especially Mr. 
A. W. Vandeman, of the hospital staff who made various 
records and information available. 

The Merrill Printing Company, publisher of the Hins- 
dale Doings. 

Mrs. L. H. Whitehead, for reviewing back issues of the 
Doings, for typing, and for indexing. 

Miss Naidene Goy, for a final check of the composition. 
Mrs. Virginia Pelton, for typing. 



Struggle and Hope 



The origin and early years of the Hinsdale Sani- 
tarium were so closely associated with the life of David Paul- 
son, that a brief review of the first four decades of that excep- 
tional life is an essential preliminary to a complete story of 
the institution. To the extent that institutions are the pro- 
ducts of personalities, the sanitarium originated most un- 
mistakably from the vision and the capabilities of this 
remarkable individual. 

He was born at Raymond, Wisconsin, in 1863, and while 
he was quite young his parents moved their large family to 
a small farm in South Dakota, near Beresford. Existence was 
rugged in the Dakotas during the 1870's. Pleasures were few 
and simple; work was hard. The mother died a few years 
after their arrival there, and when David was fifteen he was 
stricken with diphtheria. It was a severe case. Two of the 
children had died of the same malady, and then another 
brother. While in semidelirium, David overheard his father 
say, 

"David will be next. He can't last long. I think we had 
better wait and bury both boys at once." 

While his life hung in the balance David prayed most 
fervently, promising the Lord: 

"I will give you everything — all my life — if you'll let 
me live." 

He vowed to God that, if spared, he would devote the 
remainder of his life to the service of humanity, to the sick 
and the needy. 

(9) 



10 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

Undoubtedly, that experience was a significant milestone 
in David Paulson's life, for it surely did portend accurately 
the course of his life; and it imbued his young and impres- 
sionable mind with the power of the spirit, as released 
through prayer. It was among his first lessons in learning 
what to pray for, and what not to pray for. On many occasions 
during subsequent years his pleas to heaven for help in behalf 
of the sick and the indigent were answered in ways that are 
most impressive. 

One day David went over to Mitchell, South Dakota, to 
hear a talk by a Mr. Prescott, then president of the Battle 
Creek College in Michigan. He returned home determined 
to attend that college. 

After the passing of his father, an older brother helped 
David enter Battle Creek in 1888, where he took a premedical 
course, working part time to pay his way. After graduating 
from there, his medical courses were pursued at the Universi- 
ty of Michigan, and completed at Bellevue College in New 
York. He joined the staff of the Battle Creek Sanitarium as 
a physician in 1894. 

Dr. John H. Kellogg, a well-known surgeon, author, and 
promoter of healthful living, was Medical Director at Battle 
Creek Sanitarium, and he became interested in the career 
of Dr. Paulson. Dr. Kellogg's interests were not confined to 
the institution he managed; he also wanted to establish a 
medical mission among the poor in the city of Chicago, this 
to be an extension and enlargement of similar endeavors that 
had been undertaken in Battle Creek. The Chicago mission 
was launched in 1893, next door to and in collaboration with 
the Pacific Garden Mission, then on Van Buren Street. 

Dr. Kellogg's mission was known as the Life Boat Mission. 
Later, its quarters were moved to 472 South State Street, next 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 11 

door to the Homestake Lunch Room that was advertising 
"three hot cakes, including coffee, butter, and roll, for 10 
cents"; and in that era many pan-handlers were on the streets 
begging that sum of money. A member of the Mission has left 
this description of one phase of their routine work: 

"Every Sunday tliroughout the year a group of our workers 
visited the South Clark Street Police Station. After a special prayer 
in an upper room, we went first to the corridor where the dis- 
orderly and the drunks were confined, and there we began to sing 
songs and hymns. Many a time I have seen noisy, half dazed men 
who, crazed with their drinking and carousing of the night before; 
having no respect for God or eternal things, would ridicule our 
singing and try to break up the meeting. I have seen such men 
calm down . . . and usually, at the close of the meeting, they 
would raise their hands in prayer. We believe that many went 
out from those cells with a genuine determination to make their 
lives worth while." 

The mission's work among the disabled, the criminal, and 
the destitute of the near south side was commended highly 
by the churches and all good citizens. Its accomplishments, 
in both practical assistance and permanent conversions to 
righteous living, were many. There were Tom Mackey, Dick 
Lane, Samuel Coombs, among various others who were, in 
many instances, literally picked up off the curb, and who 
later became useful members of society. The mission was 
incorporated in 1904. 

Dr. Paulson likewise was interested in medical missionary 
work; so much so that he felt its call was more tirgent than 
his duties at Battle Creek, and this decision proved to be a 
main turning point in his career. Medical missionary work, 
in order to be done efficiently and effectively required a 
trained personnel; in this it was no different from other lines 
of endeavor. Also, it must be remembered that in those days 
there were not so many charitable organizations, and those 



12 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

that did exist were not so well organized nor so influential 
as they are today. (They also, however, were in need of 
trained workers) . So, with Dr. Kellogg's cooperation. Dr. 
Paulson moved to Chicago to organize a pioneering institu- 
tion to be known as the American Medical Missionary 
College. 

It was in the year 1895, with Dr. Kellogg's assistance, and 
with strength reinforced by prayer, that Dr. Paulson estab- 
lished the American Medical Missionary College in a build- 
ing that had formerly been a watch factory, at 1926 South 
Wabash Avenue. It was the purpose of this school to produce 
medically trained missionaries to circulate among the slums, 
to administer medical service and moral support. The stu- 
dents lived and attended classes in the same building, and 
worked while they learned. They visited families in need 
and assisted in the clinics in minor surgery, and maternity 
cases. In that neighborhood it was not safe to be on the streets 
at night, but the work went on. Some of the graduates of 
the American Medical Missionary College are still serving, 
in this and other lands. 

The reputation of that pioneering school spread, and 
finally, in 1910, a larger, better equipped institution, to serve 
the same purpose, was built in California, under similar 
auspices. It is known as the College of Medical Evangelists, 
and its auditorium in Los Angeles is named Dr. Paulson 
Memorial Hall. 

In 1896 Dr. Paulson and Mary Wild were married. She 
too had been a medical student in Michigan. She graduated 
from the Northwestern University Medical School in Evan- 
ston, Illinois, in the year of their marriage, and from that 
time on the two Doctor Paulsons worked and achieved to- 
gether in their various undertakings. Together they served 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hiospital IS 

at the medical mission, at the missionary college, in the allied 
work of rehabilitating wayward girls; the ill and the destitute. 
The Life Boat magazine, promoted by Dr. Kellogg in the 
interest of all of these endeavors, was to be edited and man- 
aged by the Paulsons. Later they managed a branch of the 
Battle Creek Sanitarium on the south side of Chicago, and 
eventually they were to launch the sanitarium at Hinsdale. 

At each step in his various pursuits Dr. Paulson was faced 
by the problem of finding money and other forms of aid to 
carry on the work. Time after time the required assistance 
was found through prayer. In fact, the sequence of cause and 
effect in this regard was so obvious and so undeniable that 
the word "miracle" has been used in describing the timeliness 
of certain donations to his work that were received from 
strange or unexpected sources within days, or hours, after 
the doctor had prayed for them. In his contact with the slums, 
and during his teaching and lecturing, physical healing was 
always joined with spiritual healing and trust in God, a policy 
that produced many "a gem from Chicago's gutters," and ul- 
timately brought great expansion of his worthy endeavors 
to all classes of society. 

Thus far Dr. Paulson had kept the promise to God which 
he had made in that hour of trial out on the western plains. 
He had faced the challenge, conquered many an obstacle, and 
had surmounted several worthy preliminary steps to greater 
achievement. 

In 1903 Dr. Paulson went to Europe to take part in certain 
conferences, and to observe European methods, pertaining 
to his work. During the trip home to America, Dr. Paulson 
pondered the idea of a sanitarium in the country; and it was 
not long before he determined to carry it through. 



Under Way 



Mr. C. B. Kimbell, a prominent Chicago business- 
man who resided in Hinsdale, seventeen miles west of Chi- 
cago, a Civil War veteran who had been severely wounded at 
the battle of Shiloh, had been stopping in for treatments at 
the south side Chicago branch of the Battle Creek Sanitarium. 
During those visits he became well acquainted with Dr. Paul- 
son and the two had frequent discussions about health and 
treatment; the doctor's ideas and philosophies found a ready 
and sympathetic listener in his new friend. 

When he became aware of Dr. Paulson's ambition to start 
a sanitarium of his own, somewhere out in the country, Mr. 
Kimbell immediately thought of his own home neighbor- 
hood and suggested it as being an ideal location for such an 
institution. The suggestion found ready response; Dr. Paul- 
son was interested and eager. Yet, he knew of Hinsdale's re- 
putation of being a wealthy community. He questioned 
whether a sanitarium would be wanted there, and also, 
whether, amid prosperous surroundings, he could continue 
to administer to the needs of the indigent. Mr. Kimbell did 
not share those doubts. He felt that a first-class sanitarium 
was needed and wanted by the people of Hinsdale, and those 
of the neighboring suburbs, and that an institution having 
prosperous patients among its clientele would be in better 
position to care for the indigent patients than one having no 
well-to-do patients. 

The discussions continued, and one day Mr. Kimbell 
(14) 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 15 

made the diplomatic move of offering, on the easiest of terms, 
one of several small dwellings he ouTied in West Hinsdale 
to be used as a rest home, as a branch of the Life Boat Rest 
for Girls, whose South Clark Street quarters were then be- 
coming inadequate. If there were any superciliousness in 
Hinsdale, surely this would smoke it out. When the branch 
rest home was set up, it met with no objections; in fact, a few 
years afterward it was to be replaced by larger quarters, in 
the eastern part of the village. 

In the autumn of 1903 the Paulsons made a trip to Hins- 
dale to give serious consideration to a piece of property which 
Mr. Kimbell previously had pointed out to them, and which 
he thous^ht would be ideal as a site for a sanitarium. It con- 
sisted of ten acres in the Highlands, on the north side of the 
railroad, comprising the abandoned country estate of C. G. 
Beckwith, a former judge of Chicago; the plot was an elegant 
place in its day, having a fifteen room main dwelling, another 
of nine rooms, various out buildings, and a large pond at 
the rear of the property, formed by the impounded waters 
of Fla^sf Creek. Well matured elms and oaks reflected the 
former dignity of the estate, and neglected grape vines still 
asserted their prerogatives among the tall weeds. Additional 
acreage was available across the road to the east, if the sani- 
tarium should need room to expand. Dr. Paulson looked 
around. He envisioned in this place the ultimate fulfillment 
of his dreams. 

The property was so ideally suited that only one question 
remained, that of financing its purchase and its transmutation 
into a sanitarium. Nearly all of the buildings could be used, 
but they would require extensive alterations, and the Paul- 
sons wondered how they could pay for it all. Dr. Paulson 
adhered to his prayers. In such predicaments he would "ring 



16 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

up Central" as he expressed it, and the "Central" in heaven 
never failed to answer. Mr. Kimbell had a plan; first, he had 
already purchased the property in anticipation of their want- 
ing it; second, its acquisition from him could be arranged on 
terms more reasonable than they could have been obtained 
through the usual channels. The price would be exceptional- 
ly low, installments would be extended over a long period, 
and there would be no interest to pay. 

Pending completion of the work, the property could be 
deeded to the American Medical Missionary College, and 
later the deed could be transferred to a legal entity to be 
known as the Hinsdale Sanitarium and Benevolent Associa- 
tion. In due course each of those steps was taken under the 
direction of a board of trustees. 

Hinsdale at that time was becoming an important suburb. 
The village represented one of those experiments in sub- 
urban living for city businessmen that came into vogue after 
the railroads were built, and the experiment proved success- 
ful. 

The village site had been selected on the first rolling land 
west of the city half a mile south of the pioneer hamlet of 
Fullersburg. Streets had been laid out with care; the homes 
were substantial; gardens and landscaping were in evidence. 
The population in 1904 was about 3,000. A mile to the north, 
a picturesque stream flowed gently by, and open country 
was readily available for any kind of an outing. The Hinsdale 
community was clean, peaceful, and inviting. It was a grow- 
ing community, and there were no hospital facilities within 
many miles. Those requiring them went to the city. 

The decision to proceed with the undertaking resulted in 
the Paulsons' leaving their occupations and moving to Hins- 
dale to supervise the work personally. They set up housekeep- 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 



17 




''({'.! 

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THE BECKWITH HOUSE 



18 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

ing in one of the buildings on the property and soon were 
joined by others of their former employees who formed the 
nucleus of a working force. These were Mrs. Caroline L. 
Clough, a sister of Dr. Mary Paulson, Mr. Clyde Lowry, and 
Mr. and Mrs. N. W. Paulson. Shortly, a young girl from Mil- 
waukee, Anna Pedersen, would join them as cook. Local 
workmen arrived, and the preliminary weed cutting, clean- 
ing, and repairing got under way. 

The first major tasks were to consist of moving the main 
dwelling a hundred feet to the north, onto a new foundation, 
to make space for an addition or "annex"; converting the 
two-story brick carriage and chicken house into a dormitory, 
kitchen, and dining room for the workers, and making all of 
the rooms habitable. Furnishings and, at least, temporary 
heat were needed as well as equipment for treating the pa- 
tients. All these objectives were accomplished during the first 
eight months of 1904. 

The Hinsdale Sanitarium and Benevolent Association was 
organized in October, and on November first, the articles of 
incorporation were filed at Springfield, listing these persons 
as its Board of Trustees: 

C. B. Kimbell E. B. Van Dorn 

Lewis H. Christian F. J. Otis 

N. W. Paulson Jay W. Cummings 

W. S. Sadler Horace E. Hoyt 

David Paulson M. A. Winchell 

Mary W. Paulson John H. Kellogg 

The Board held its first meeting a few days later, in Chi- 
cago, to adopt by-laws and to elect officers of the Benevolent 
Association. 

Essentially, those first bylaws provided this declaration of 
principles and purposes: 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 19 

(a) A Christian, but non-sectarian, philanthropic, charit- 
able, and benevolent Association. 

(b) The purpose of the training school for nurses to be 
that of preparing young men and women for medical mis- 
sionary work. 

(c) The earnings and other income of the Association 
to be used exclusively in the conduct and promotion of its 
work, and not for the private gain or personal profit of any 
person whomsoever. 

The constituency of the Association was described, where- 
upon the by laws followed customary form in describing the 
various offices, outlining their duties and provisions for 
amendment. 

Elected as officers of the Association were: C. B. Kimbell, 
president; H. E. Hoyt, secretary and treasurer; Dr. David 
Paulson, medical superintendent, who was to have general 
charge of the sanitarium. Dr. Mary Paulson, steward. 

In anticipation of future needs, a special meeting of the 
board was held for the purpose of authorizing the borrowing 
of $60,000 for the use of the Association and to pledge the 
property and effects as security. This was the first of several 
loans and bond issues to be negotiated in order to carry the 
work forward. \Vise moves they proved to be. 

Meantime, work on the sanitarium buildings was pro- 
ceeding, and the weekly issues of the Hinsdale Doings were 
giving a running account of its progress. The issue of No- 
vember 26, 1904 said: 

"Lively activity has been in evidence on the Sanitarium 
grounds during the last ten days. Excavation for the Annex has 
been completed. The house mover is raising the old building 
preparatory to moving it. . . . The brick carriage house and barn 
is being remodelled into a modern twelve room dormitory." 



20 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

December 31, 1904: 

"The weather has hindered operations, but they are now pro- 
gressing well. 

"C. B. Kimbell has acquired title to the beautiful tract of land 
at Highlands known as the Reed place. He will use it in the 
interest of the Sanitarium, . . . More than half a dozen [such 
additional] lots have been obtained." 

The old Reed dwelling referred to was one of a small 
number of fine houses that had been erected at Highlands 
soon after 1870. At the time it was acquired the house had 
been in disuse, and contained no modern facilities, but the 
Sanitarium needed the building for its indigent patients. In 
that capacity it was to be called the Good Samaritan Inn, and 
eventually it was to be equipped with gas, electric lights, and 
modern plumbing. 

On February 18, 1905, the Hinsdale Sanitarium received 
a heavy blow. News came of the death of Mr. Kimbell. The 
loss was a severe one to this budding enterprise, and the local 
paper carried a long account of his life and accomplishments. 
A special meeting of the Board was called to pass a resolution 
of condolence. At a subsequent meeting Dr. David Paulson 
was elected president, and the work went on. 

May 27, 1905: 

"Although the Sanitarium [the first new building] is not 
entirely completed, the managers are overwhelmed with applica- 
tions from patients." 

On June 6 the first patient arrived, before the rooms were 
finished, and as soon as the building was completed it was 
nearly two-thirds filled. Mrs. C. L, Clough describes the arri- 
val of a patient in the new annex building: 

"... a bed patient arrived ... all the way from Michigan. 
By this time the roof was on and the group of rooms was ready 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 21 

on the second floor . . . but the stairs were unfinished. 

"In the old part of the building there was a dumb waiter 
that had evidently been used to carry furniture, trunks, and so 
forth, up and down. It was large enough to put a patient in it, 
stretcher and all. The boys pulled it up with a rope. So the patient 
rode to her room in style. . . . That young woman, invalided for 
years, soon went home cured and later became a physical culture 
teacher." 

With summer approaching, no heat had been provided 
for the larger buildings, but a contract soon was let for a 
heating plant that would supply present and future require- 
ments, insofar as they could be predicted. One building pro- 
ject after another, dictated entirely by demand, was the order 
of the day, so the predictions soon were encompassing another 
main addition to the central building. An architect named 
Van Osdell had ideas on the subject, and he was a frequent 
visitor at board meetings, where consideration was also being 
given to organization of a training school for nurses. It too 
would need housing. 

Duties at the Sanitarium did not prevent Dr. Paulson from 
continuing his lecture engagements. An announcement of his 
appearance at a Chautauqua held in Rockford said, "His 
mind, heart, and soul are on fire with the subject matter of his 
lectures, and he has the happy faculty of imparting to his 
hearers the interest and enthusiasm with which he is filled." 

On Wednesday, September 20, 1905, the institution was 
dedicated. According to the Doings: 

"A more beautiful day never dawned than that of September 
20 — the white building looked attractively gay in its drapings of 
red, white and blue which were carried around the broad piazzas 
above and below, while the porch rail was outlined with rows 
of gladiolus. The broad steps were built up into a speaker's plat- 
form, and even the cellar windows had bankings of beautiful 
flowers. The porch accommodated the speakers, the orchestra. 



22 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

nurses, and groups of visitors. . . . Chairs and benches on the lawn 
accommodated the largest audience ever seen in Hinsdale. The 
Reverend Smith invoked divine blessing and Mr. Frank Webster 
sang 'The Promise of Life' . . ." 

Honorable R. A. Childs, as chairman, spoke briefly and 
introduced the other speakers, among whom were Judge 
Orrin N. Carter of Battle Creek and Chicago, and Dr. J. H. 
Kellogg, whose talk was on "The Sanitarium Idea." His talk 
was very interesting and made an excellent impression — . 
Dr. Pearsons, owing to his wife's illness, was not able to be 
present, but he sent a message endorsing Dr. Kellogg's 
methods and commending the new Sanitarium. — Dr. Hart 
of the Children's Aid Society spoke of the unity of purpose 
of all humanitarian organizations and of the propriety of 
giving them hearty endorsement and support — . There fol- 
lowed talks by Dr. Thomas, formerly of Hinsdale, Hon. 
Alonzo E. Wilson of Wheaton, and Dr. Haskell of Hinsdale. 

The final address was Dr. David Paulson's. He reviewed 
the origin, purposes, and aspirations of the new institution. 
He referred to the friendly spirit existing between the Sani- 
tarium and the community and pledged his organization to 
its continuance. 

Soon all rooms were filled. One patient at Darjeeling, 
India, and another at Rome, Italy, had applied for admit- 
tance. The unexpected patronage led the board of trustees 
to consider extraordinary measures of increasing the build- 
ings' capacity, such as elevating the roof of one of the build- 
ings in order to add another floor, but patience won out and 
it was decided to await completion of the third main building 
unit; all of them to be joined into one large structure. As the 
months passed it became necessary to enlarge the office space 
also, and the heating plant required a separate building. 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 23 

At the Congregational Church in Hinsdale Dr. Paulson 
gave a lecture in which he derided the use of tobacco, liquor, 
and patent medicine. The doctor said that: 

"... while beer contained 4 per cent alcohol, Peruna [a 
patent medicine] contained 24 per cent," and that "while Mrs. 
Lydia Pinkham [manufacturer of a vegetable compound] is ad- 
vertising advice to anyone who will write for it, a tombstone in 
an Eastern cemetery proclaims that Lydia Pinkham has been at 
rest for over thirty years." 

Christmas, 1905, at the Sanitarium was a home-like affair. 
In the evening the patients and workers gathered in the par- 
lor and listened to an appropriate program of music and 
pleasantries. 

The training school for nurses was progressing. By April, 
1906, the first class, of six pupils, had completed a year of 
study. Evidence of the school's high standards was found in 
its registry with the New York State Board of Regents, which 
was the highest endorsement obtainable at that time. The 
students were following precedent in doing medical mission- 
ary work in the Chicago slums, as part of their training. 
Eventually, full-time teachers were to be employed for the 
nurses' school, to relieve Doctors Sadler and Mary Paulson of 
the teaching duty. 

The Doings issue of June 16, 1906, announced completion 
of the most recent main addition. It said also that "the greater 
part of the rooms are already occupied by patients." A gym- 
nasium had been equipped in one room, and physical exer- 
cises were held each day. "Thursday evening a free lecture was 
given in the sanitarium gymnasium by George H. Allen, the 
world's champion long distance walker, of England. His 
record was a walk of one thousand miles in eighteen days." 

By now the Board of Trustees had designated one of its 



24 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

meetings as the annual meeting, to which all constituent 
members of the Hinsdale Sanitarium and Benevolent Asso- 
ciation were invited. The annual meeting, held November 
15, 1906, heard a lecture by Dr. Paulson, a financial report, 
a review of progress of the nurses' school, and the reading of 
papers on certain subjects relating to the conduct of the 
sanitarium. 

The year 1907 brought hard times to the nation, and 
several requests to the Hinsdale Sanitarium for repayment of 
borrowed money. It was a year in which more of Dr. Paul- 
son's time than usual had to be spent on the ever present 
question of loans, to be made and to be repaid. 

Among other signs of growth were the need of finding 
another doctor, and a medical assistant, the purchase of a 
water filter, an improved procedure of care for the patients 
who could not pay, the need of a part-time surgeon, erection 
of a few cottages on the property for patients and others; a 
retaining wall on one side of the main building, a cistern dug, 
and the question of adjustment in salaries. 

On motion of Trustee Sadler, it was unanimously voted 
that Dr. Mary Paulson be paid a salary of $75 per month, and 
Dr. Mary Paulson stated to the Board that she would not 
accept the $75 per month, being perfectly satisfied with the 
foiTner salary of $65 per month. Dr. David Paulson was then 
accepting a salary of $40 per week. Nurses were paid 15 cents 
and 17 cents an hour. 

The erection of new buildings was far from ended. In 
1908 the board had plans for a nurses' dormitory, a new Life 
Boat Rescue Home, and another addition to the sanitarium 
proper. Many years Avere to pass before the dormitory was 
to be realized, but the addition and the Home were not far 
off. 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 25 

The treasurer's financial statement presented at the No- 
vember, 1908 annual meeting showed income for the year as 
§47,315, disbursements, $47,676, and a net worth of $8,244. 

Money for new buildings was not always obtained by con- 
ventional methods. Mrs. Caroline L. Clough, who was a mem- 
ber of the Board, tells of this incident: an elderly Wisconsin 
woman had given the Sanitarium a few hundred dollars at 
one time, and when funds were needed to complete the sec- 
ond addition to the main building it occurred to Mr. Hoyt, 
the treasurer, that a visit to the lady in Wisconsin might bring 
forth another donation. When he arrived at the house the 
former donor came to the door, but would not admit him for 
the reason that her husband was drunk. She did not want to 
be embarrassed by his presence. Mr. Hoyt made a quick 
appraisal of the situation, argued his way into the house, and, 
within a few minutes, he and the husband were kneeling in 
prayer for the latter's salvation. Such attempts at conversion 
do not always succeed, but this one did. The meeting and 
the prayers resulted in his abandonment of hard drinking 
to the amazement and joy of both him and his wife. 

Nothing more was heard from those people for some time, 
but eventually a brother of the reformed husband, living in 
the East, died, leaving him over $50,000. This sum was im- 
mediately willed to the Sanitarium; and within a few years 
the legator and his wife passed away. 

Around Hinsdale there have been many anecdotes con- 
cerning the eccentricities of D. K. Pearsons, the wealthy phi- 
lanthropist who lived on North Grant Street in the village 
until his death in 1910. He gave millions to various educa- 
tional institutions, so naturally he became a target of David 
Paulson's campaigns for funds for the Hinsdale Sanitarium. 
Mr. Pearsons was generous, but rarely did he seek advice in 
his choice of benefactors. 



26 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

Mrs. Clough tells how the Sanitarium was in a tight spot 
during erection of a new building, when $10,000 was due 
one of the contractors on a certain date, and the money was 
not available. Dr. Paulson walked over to the Pearsons' home 
and tried to convince the old gentleman of the worthiness of 
a donation of only five thousand dollars. If he could get that 
sum, it would relieve the tension for a time. Mr. Pearsons 
gave him a check in the amount requested, as a loan. 

As the other $5,000 became due, another request was 
made of Mr. Pearsons. "The trouble with you, Paulson," said 
Mr. Pearsons, "is you keep the sanitarium too warm. If you 
didn't waste so much on coal, you would have money to build 
without borrowing." After further discussion the second 
$5,000 was obtained, with the understanding that the entire 
$10,000 would be repaid by a certain date. Two weeks be- 
fore that date arrived, the lender inquired about his loan. 
Dr. Paulson admitted, with a smile, that he didn't have it, 
and that he hoped Mr. Pearsons would extend the time. A 
few days later a woman Dr. Paulson had never seen donated 
exactly $5,000 to the Hinsdale Sanitarium. This windfall 
was handed to Mr. Pearsons, much to his surprise, and Pear- 
sons responded with the following information: 

"I've been down to the bank and told them that you were 
nice people and that they should do business with you folks here 
on the hill. They said they would, and promised to let you have 
five thousand dollars now." 

A most noteworthy event of the year 1908 was graduation 
of the first class from the Nurses Training School. The mem- 
bers of this class were: Pearl W. Howard, Lauretta A. Ma- 
goon, Mae H. Mesick, and Hannah Swanson. It was an oc- 
casion for ceremony, and each of the graduates received a 
gold pin as well as a diploma. 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 27 

A new building for the Life Boat Home for girls was 
started in 1908, mostly on faith and hope, but was completed 
the following year with little outstanding debt. Dr. Frank 
Gunsaulus, the well-known pulpit orator of Chicago, had 
come to Hinsdale to make an appeal in behalf of the home, 
and many local citizens had responded. Upon completion of 
the next large addition to the main building soon afterward, 
there was a combined celebration. This time the ceremonies 
were in the form of a series of talks on subjects of health, an 
open house program that lasted for several days. 

Continuous gro^vth was a cause of fairly frequent rear- 
rangement of departments and relocation of partitions be- 
tween rooms. At one time it became necessary to locate the 
linen section temporarily adjacent to the morgue, and the 
two areas for a while were sort of overlapping. A certain lady 
who worked among the linen supplies at the time has said 
that during those few weeks when she arrived for work in 
the morning she was never just sure whom she was going 
to meet! 

Toward the end of 1910 the Board of Trustees consisted 
of: 

Dr. David Paulson Dr. Mary Paulson 

E. B. Van Dorn A. C. Gaylord 

N. W. Paulson Mrs. C. L. Clough 

Lillian Santee Laura Alkire 

Wm. Covert Rosa J. Andre 

M. A. Winchell Hannah Swanson 

Dr. Kellogg's name is absent from the list, but he still 
was a member of the Association. 

Reform took many directions during the early years of 
the century, and none of the reformers are to be disparaged in 
their motives, their objectives, or in their sincerity. An issue 



28 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

of the Doings in December, 1909 mentioned Lucy Page 
Gaston as being a guest at the sanitarium, and noted that: 

"From this place where most invalids resign themselves to 
rest and recuperation. Miss Gaston is marshalling her forces pre- 
paratory to a stirring campaign. While Miss Gaston has an ounce 
of strength left she means to use it in saving the boys from self- 
destruction caused by the use of tobacco and the cigarette." 

Several months later another reformer was reported at 
the Sanitarium: 

"Dick Lane, who was once a notorious bank robber, but who 
was reformed fourteen years ago [by the Life Boat Mission] and 
is now engaged in evangelical work, paid the sanitarium a visit 
during the past week." 

The sanitarium's annual statement for 1910 placed the 
real estate inventory at $132,495. Of course, this was largely 
attributable to the buildings, but the land also had appre- 
ciated considerably. The income account was showing little 
improvement because the outgo demands never ceased. A 
coal stoker, an electric light plant, the new elevator, a water 
softener, a new kitchen, and various other necessities brought 
no lessening in the need for funds, and when gifts were not 
forthcoming, the money had to be borrowed. 

Horace E. Hoyt, the treasurer, passed away during the 
summer of 1910. He had been a faithful, intelligent officer 
of the organization, and a staunch associate of Dr. Paulson's 
for years. He was energetic, a diplomat, and a keen worker 
for the cause. A. C. Gaylord was elected to succeed him. 

Upon the employment of Dr. W. H. Wolf sen as assistant 
physician to Dr. Paulson, the number of doctors serving the 
institution was increased to four. They were referred to as 
the "medical faculty," indicating their duties as teachers as 
well as physicians. 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 29 

In November, 1911, the Doings reported a widespread 
diphtheria epidemic throughout Illinois. Schools were closed 
in many counties, and all hospitals had a part in quelling the 
disease. 

Thanksgiving at the sanitarium was a pleasant one. Pa- 
tients and their friends were invited to dinner in the large 
dining room, which was well filled; and a free dinner was 
served to all employees, about 90 in number. A special service 
of song and thanksgiving was held in the large parlor in the 
evening under the direction of Mr. M. H. Serns, the new 
Director of Music. 

That entertainment was followed by others, all typical 
of the organization's unceasing and comprehensive attention 
to the patient's requirements. The Thanksgiving entertain- 
ment was followed by Christmas week, a talk by Mr. Sadler 
who had just returned from Europe, the usual Tuesday even- 
ing prayer meetings, a lecture on Africa by Miss Doering, and 
one by Dr. Paulson on "How the Body Defends Itself Against 
Disease." Radio was still some years away, which was one 
reason for frequent lectures and other diversions. Another 
of the lectures told "how to secure gymnasium exercise while 
performing ordinary household duties." (Many housewives 
of the present day might consider the suggestion as altogether 
superfluous) . 

Consideration of a variety of items, many of them small 
but unavoidable, began to take a good deal of time during 
meetings of the Board of Trustees. Fruit canning, the choice 
of a collection agency for delinquent accounts, a request to 
the railroad that its locomotives refrain from whistling while 
passing the sanitarium, a new coal contract, garbage disposal, 
and questions of discipline of individual employees, are only 
a few of the many routine items of business. Larger questions 



30 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

that were pending concerned management of the Good 
Samaritan Inn, living quarters for the expanding personnel, 
and especially the lingering question of a dormitory for the 
nurses. 

During 1 91 3 a beginning was made in occupational thera- 
py. The sanitarium sent a member of its staff to Berea College 
in Kentucky, to see the students there weave cloth, hammer 
metal, and work leather. Those, and similar operations at 
Hinsdale were, and still are, of aid in bringing certain pa- 
tients back to normal. 

Toward the close of 1914 Dr. Paulson looked back over 
the first ten years of the sanitarium's work with much satis- 
faction, but in the spirit of all achievers he also saw other 
things to do. He could point with pride to certain "branches 
that had grown from the sanitarium tree." There were the 
nurses' training school and the Rescue Home; taking the 
gospel to prisoners; health education; field work, as exem- 
plified in the medical evangelical tours, and the continuing 
medical missions in the large cities. The sanitarium itself, 
at last was functioning smoothly. It had been an up-hill pull 
at first, finding money to pay for buildings, equipment, and 
the various charities, but public faith in the undertaking, 
as demonstrated in the surprisingly large patronage, had 
proved sufficient security for both loans and donations. And 
now, the institution was showing a modest surplus at the 
end of each year. His capable wife, and other stalwarts of 
the organization, including the newcomer Dr. Wolfsen who 
had taken hold without prompting, had, of course, been larg- 
ly instrumental in these successes, to the doctor's way of 
thinking. 

But there were still other branches that should grow out 
from the tree. Dr. Paulson envisioned the development of 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 31 

more leaders in the work, those who would "welcome bur- 
dens" in providing superior service. The sick poor always 
needed their attention. He needed leaders to teach "funda- 
mental principles; not impulse or notion, or whim;" so that 
a larger force of leaders could be recruited. Those were the 
objectives. 



In Stride 



Many hospitals have religious backing and spon- 
sorship, and those that do usually represent some one denom- 
ination in particular. According to its By-laws, the Hinsdale 
Sanitarium and Benevolent Association was to be non-sectar- 
ian; it welcomes patients of all religious sects and faiths (only 
10 per cent of its patients have been members of the parent 
church) , but the Association and its sanitarium have, from 
the start, been affiliated with the comparatively young Sev- 
enth-day Adventist denomination. The denomination was 
reared in New England as one of the Evangelical Protestant 
churches, beginning about 1840. 

Physical healing and Adventism form a natural combina- 
tion, because the Adventists believe that "healing of the body 
is a vital accessory in the work of healing the soul." In this 
belief they have sponsored the establishment of 165 hospitals, 
sanatoria and treatment clinics at various places throughout 
the world, employing 385 doctors and 7,875 nurses and 
helpers. The first of these, opened in 1866, was the Health 
Reform Institute, later to become the Battle Creek Sanitar- 
ium. Most of their regularly employed physicians have come 
from the College of Medical Evangelists, in California, men- 
tioned on Page 12, which is one of various educational insti- 
tutions the Adventists also have sponsored. 

Why are the people of this denomination called Seventh- 
day Adventists? The answer is in two parts: the seventh 
day of the week, Saturday, is their Sabbath because they take 
(32) 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 33 

the fourth commandment exactly as it reads. "Remember 
the Sabbath Day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labor, 
and do all thy work; but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the 
Lord thy God." Accordingly, tliey believe that the original 
Sabbath of Jesus was on Saturday, and that only dates, not 
days of the week, were altered by Pope Gregory's subsequent 
revision of the calendar. They are "adventists" because they 
look forward to a second advent of Jesus upon the earth, the 
occurrence of which will bring universal peace and divine 
government to all mankind. The Adventists have become an 
active denomination of national and international scope only 
since the latter half of the 19th century, but through their 
missionary zeal, their ardent determination to serve, and their 
happy, bouyant spirit, remarkable progress has been made 
over the past 80 years. 

When the present century was young, both medical and 
lay people were evincing faith in nature's remedies: rest, 
'fresh air, sunshine, a wholesome diet, and a mind put at ease 
by pleasant surroundings. This was an enlightened reaction 
from the popular overuse of drugs, the benefits of which were 
becoming doubtful. Dr. Paulson was an ardent advocate of 
natural aids to health because they were in keeping with his, 
and the Adventists', belief in the oneness of physical and 
spiritual well-being. The sanitarium concept had originated 
and was nurtured in those beliefs, in "physiological therapeu- 
tics," as they were termed, and sanatoria were becoming 
popular throughout the country. Even today amidst the 
various chemical, surgical, and other therapeutic advances, 
the remedies provided by nature have lost none of their 
appeal. 

When the year 1915 arrived, the Board of Trustees con- 
sisted of: 



34 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

Dr. David Paulson Dr. Ora Barber 

Dr. Mary Paulson Nellie Jeffers 

A. C. Gaylord Dr. L. H. Wolfsen 

Mrs. C. L. Clough Mrs. Gaylord 

N. W. Paulson F. F. Johnson 

Rose Andre Mrs. Johnson 

The interior of the large frame structures that comprised 
the main building at that time was spacious and well ven- 
tilated, but the general appearance gave little suggestion of 
cheer, in which characteristic the interior decor was in marked 
contrast to the occupants. Typical of the general interior 
was the commodious dining room, with all of its woodwork 
in dark brown, heavy pillars supporting the beamed ceiling, 
and wood panelling half way up the walls all around the 
room. Rugs and carpets were more in evidence than they are 
in modern hospitals, and the beds, of course, were largely of 
the old non-adjustable type. 

Many of the patients were not bed patients. They wan- 
dered about at will except for their treatment and rest 
schedules. A few played tennis on the yard court, many sat 
out in the deck chairs on the verandas, even during the win- 
ter, and almost any time of day, during the summer, a pas- 
ser-by could see patients resting under the trees or strolling 
across the spacious lawn. Often in the evening there was 
music, a prayer meeting, or a "stereopticon" lecture. 

In various kinds of endeavor a ready source of help often 
is found in those who work while attending school. On this 
basis the management began, in 1915, to furnish teachers 
for boys and girls from various states who would work at the 
sanitarium while learning grade school subjects. At first the 
teachers were chosen from among the regular supervisory 
personnel, but as this work expanded over the years it was 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 35 

to become knoAvn as the Academy, with separate teachers, 
and quarters. 

The chief treatment departments of those days were: 
Hydro and heat therapy Electric, vibrator, etc. 

Surgery Laboratories, clinical 

Maternity and X-ray 

Children's department Occupational therapy 

There were stores in the village, but also a "general store" 
on the ground level, at the rear of the main sanitarium build- 
ing. It sold clocks, shoes, flashlights, canned food, thread, 
safety pins, and other things that might be needed in a hurry. 
A pharmacy on the premises filled prescriptions, and there 
was a circulating library. National, and a few denomin- 
ational, magazines were on the parlor tables. 

Dr. Paulson presided at his last annual meeting in No- 
vember, 1915. The following October, after several months 
of illness, he passed away, in Asheville, North Carolina, where 
he had gone in the hope of recuperation. The sanitarium 
family had anticipated this occurrence, which made the loss 
no easier to bear, but it did enable a smoother transition 
from conditions as they had been under Dr. Paulson's per- 
sonal administration to those prevailing without him. As he 
would have wished, after he had gone, the work went forward 
without hesitation or uncertainty, which, of itself was excel- 
lent testimony to the wisdom of his long administration. 

Dr. Paulson's friends outside the sanitarium perhaps were 
more vocal in their grief. The Hinsdale Doings carried a 
three column story of his life and achievements, ending with 
this statement: 

"He builded wisely and well, and the various institutions and 
interests of which he was the founder and chief promoter, and for 
which he gave his life, will continue to bless humanity, and serve 
as a monument to his memory." 



36 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 







'\ll1>Ml|ll .illlaiiliv 






wab 



l»Sfe»., 



'ii 




i* 



THE OLD SANITARIUM ABOUT 1910 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 37 

He was buried in Bronswocxi Cemetery, near Hinsdale, 
following a service that had been held at the Sanitarium. 

At the next meeting of the Board of Trustees Mr. Julius 
Paulson, a brother, who had recently arrived from his resi- 
dence in Mexico, and had been serving the organization as 
Desk Clerk, was elected president. 

America's entry into the war, in 1917, influenced many 
changes both nationally and locally, and among them was a 
feeling on the part of the Sanitarium's managers that there 
should be a closer affiliation between the institution and the 
Church. It seemed desirable for the institution to be under 
jurisdiction of the Lake Union Conference of the Seventh- 
day Adventists and that the Union Medical Board should 
have a larger voice in the Sanitarium's affairs. Eventually this 
was brought about through an agreement whereby the Con- 
ference was to have no financial control or obligation but 
was to have a substantial representation on the Sanitarium's 
Board. 

Dr. L. H. Wolfsen, "Gentleman Physician" for eight 
years; of demonstrated capacity in his profession, and as one 
of the leaders in the organizjttion, submitted his resignation 
in February, 1918. He had been a good team-mate, displaying 
both interest and initiative. The resignation was accepted 
with regret. 

As the war progressed, the Sanitarium, as others, began 
paying higher prices and higher wages. This caused a higher 
level of rates to the patients, but patronage increased as a 
shortage of workers developed. The old order was changing, 
at the "San" as elsewhere. 

In the fall of 1918 half of the working force was hit by the 
widespread epidemic of "Spanish influenza"; nevertheless, 
the calls received from outsiders having the disease were an- 



38 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

swered, and the doctors and nurses responded as best they 
could. At this time also, Professor J. G. Lamson began his 
first term as Chaplain. 

There were various salary and wage adjustments in the 
wake of the war; also a deed of trust was executed with the 
Central Trust Company of Chicago. Through this transaction 
$150,000 was obtained for the joint purpose of refunding the 
outstanding indebtedness, and of starting construction of a 
large fire-resistive addition to the Sanitarium. It was to be a 
brick building of three stories, erected just south of the main 
hospital, all of which was of frame and clapboard. 

By the end of the year 1919 the number of employees 
had jumped to 168, from 135 of the year before; the daily 
patient census was averaging 95, or well over two workers 
per patient, and the pay roll was almost half of the gross 
income. 

By 1920, income exceeded the previous year by $100,000, 
but wages and prices were soaring. The number of patients 
treated per year had reached 1 ,295 with an average stay of 23 
days. Many were turned away. During 1920 a much-needed 
cost accounting system was installed, and at the annual meet- 
ing that year President Julius Paulson lamented over the 
apparent desire for self-advancement on the part of so many 
persons, rather than advancement of the general good. 

The new brick addition had been completed during the 
year, at a cost of $146,000 adding accommodations for 50 
patients in nicely furnished rooms. Under H. E. Ford, its 
technician, the laboratory had been enlarged to carry out 
tests in pathology, serology, blood chemistry, and basal me- 
tabolism. No longer would that work have to be sent out. An 
Executive Committee had been appointed during the year to 
relieve the Board of various minor decisions. 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 39 

One of the minor but recurring problems was that of 
the disciplining of individual workers and students. The 
Board's minute book contains occasional statements such as: 

" was granted an indefinite vacation without pay. 

was transferred from the training school to duty in the kitchen 
for two weeks." It is evident throughout that high standards 
of personal conduct have been maintained by those in charge, 
as indicated by disciplinary measures and by occasional re- 
vision of the rules pertaining to employee and student con- 
duct. 

There had been no official change in the name of the in- 
stitution, but with increasing frequency it was being referred 
to as the "Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital," and un- 
doubtedly the reason for this was found in a gradual trend 
toward shorter term hospitalization, accompanied by a notice- 
able tapering off in the census of the longer term sanitarium 
"guests." In 1921 with the arrival of a slight business reces- 
sion, special rates were offered to industrial concerns for 
short-term hospitalization of their employees. 

Another sign of the times was found in a change that had 
taken place at the Good Samaritan Inn. The men from Chi- 
cago's slums who were in need of that rest facility had de- 
creased to such an extent that the building, in 1921, was used 
for a different purpose. In that year it became the Rescue 
Home, and the former Home was released to serve as a 
dormitory for the nurses. Various rooms in the Sanitarium 
were remodeled and refurnished during that year, and re- 
equipment of the obstetrical department was completed. Oc- 
cupational therapy was transferred to better quarters in the 
new south building. 

Then, there were 67 students in the Academy. It will be re- 
membered that this school was organized to teach elementary 



40 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 







.,"-"«««,, iJ?;t»feb«t 



^'^''^s::»mc^^ 



. ,.|i*;;'::!''iiH>i,,.,,,r.,, 

"">..',','< ii''' ".■•111,, 1/ 



"'iillll 



'"iHl 



Ik'^ 



'''''"'''^-HWaflliJi 



""'''lta',v,.YA\'j/;iwf 



,.,. „,,M\'ll''"'"WllllM''f'''ni|./7^6 . "11111, „ll"-*|;f)l"l*'Mn|ll" 



i;ill''^"'Mll)li!l'll//)'' 



PAULSON HALL WAS ADDED IN 1919 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 41 

subjects to young recruits for work in the sanitarium. 
They worked while learning, and became a sort of worker 
reserve, to fill in where needed. Full-time teachers of the 
Academy were R. U. Garrett, Miss H. Andre, Louise De- 
deker, Doris David, and Edna Ragsdale. A library was es- 
tablished for the Academy and for the Nurses' Training 
School. 

When President Julius Paulson passed away in 1923, he 
was generally recognized as a wise administrator and one 
with breadth of vision. He worked up until the day he died. 
In the resolution of condolence that was prepared in his 
memory, it w^as said, among other things, that "We appreciate 
more than ever the extent and diversity of his endeavors. . . ." 

These are the different departments that were perform- 
ing the sanitarium's work in 1923, and the names of those 
employed in each section: 



Medical 
Dr. J. F. Morse 
Dr. J. H. Neall 
Dr. Mary Neall 
Dr. J. W. Hopkins 
Dr. \V. C. Clough 

Housekeeping 
Rose Andre 
V. J. Mallernee 
Mrs. Dickinson 
Miss Crowell 

Laboratory 
H. E. Ford 

Chaplain 
L. A. Hoopes 



Business 
N. W. Paulson 
E. A. Morris 
W. J. Walter 

Publishing 
Mrs. C. L. Clough 

City Service 
Theresa Fernandes 

Music 
Vera Hoopes 

Occupational Therapy 
C. W. Hess 

Store 
Alfred Klug 



42 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

Dormitory Carpentry 

Hannah Swanson Mr. Geisweller 

Gardening Engineering 

A. C. Graefe Rex Jeffers 

Laundry L. B. R. H. 

H. M. Davis Mrs. M. Cobb 

Painting Farm 

Charles Dessain D. C. Stevenson 

The name "Paulson" kept rising to the top at the Hins- 
dale Sanitarium. A few months after the passing of Julius 
Paulson, during which time J. W. Christian served as acting 
president, Mr. N. W. Paulson was elected to the presidency. 
N. W. Paulson was among the original five who launched the 
institution in 1904, and as the years passed he was to become 
a stabilizing influence in time of need. 

During the years 1923 to 1930 the sanitarium prospered 
and made further progress in organization and plant. It was 
a period of steady growth, although there were no major 
events or additions to property. Selected from among the 
happenings of those years are these: As the missionary work 
in the city became less urgent, its name was changed to 
"Social Service Work," and an office for this activity was 
opened and named the Life Boat City Center. Better case 
histories of patients were being compiled, and the medical 
records department received a thorough overhauling. L. A. 
Hoopes, who had replaced Professor Lamson as Chaplain, 
was transferred to Atlanta, and Professor Lamson returned to 
Hinsdale. In 1916 bobbed hair for the nurses had been 
prohibited. In 1926 the prohibition was lifted. The Board 
voted to send all of the Academy teachers to a teachers' con- 
vention in Michigan. Mr. Ford was instructing students in 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 43 

laboratory techniques. The House Committee, that has served 
so well over the years, was appointed in 1927. The School of 
Nurses was placed on tlie accredited list of the State of Illi- 
nois. A business manager, an auditor, and a dietitian were 
employed. Standard medical and surgical fees were estab- 
lished. A safety vault for valuable papers was obtained. The 
Academy was accredited by the Lake Union Educational 
Board, and the school, by 1926, was no longer a financial 
drain on the Sanitarium. Radios in patients' rooms presented 
certain problems. An improved procedure for requisitioning 
supplies was instituted. A Department of Internal Medicine 
was established. Mr. Darrow, the capable electrician and 
plumber, was also designated as fire chief. The Rescue Home 
changed its name to the West Suburban Home for Girls. 

During the formative years the management had been un- 
usually lenient toward those who could not pay, or pay in 
full, for their hospital services. As experience accumulated 
with both the poorer patients, and the cost of running a hos- 
pital, it became obvious that a curtailment of the former gen- 
erosity in the discounting of patients' bills was unavoidable 
if the institution were to remain financially sound. There- 
fore, it was not surprising that beginning in 1927, the man- 
agement found it expedient to investigate the ability to pay, 
in many instances. Often this was done by means of inquiry 
of the patient's home church, coupled with a request that the 
church assist the patient if it could. Previous arrangement for 
the discounting of charges, instead of making the arrange- 
ments after the patient was admitted, became a requirement 
of all charity cases. The policy has met with little or no op- 
position. 

By 1928 the Board was using the present year's operations 
as a basis for the following year's budget. That could not 



44 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

have been done so easily during the building years. 

Because several of the key personnel had resigned or 
been transferred during 1928, the following year many po- 
sitions needed to be filled. An election resulted in this re- 
vised alignment of supervisors: 

J. W. Christian President 

G. H. Simpson Secretary 

Dr. C. F. Birkenstock Medical Supt. 

M. A. Hollister Chaplain 

Jessie S. Tupper Supt. of Nurses 

N. W. Paulson Vice-President 

W. E. Abernathy Business Manager and 

Treasurer 
E. A. Morris Credit Manager 

Miss Rose Andre Matron 

N. W. Paulson Steward 

Dr. J. H. Neall Assistant Medical Supt. 

When Miss Ulvick left, Miss Jessie Tupper had replaced 
her as Superintendent of Nurses. Miss Tupper had arrived 
from Nova Scotia in 1917 as the sanitarium's switchboard 
operator. At the 1928 annual meeting the manager's report 
referred to Miss Tupper as "one of our own girls who has 
had unusual training, and has made considerable advance in 
putting our nursing on a more efficient basis." 

April, 1930, brought a surprise to the management. The 
American College of Surgeons had omitted the Hinsdale 
Sanitarium from the list of fully approved hospitals. The 
disapproval related to these points: 

1. No regulations concerning admittance of staff mem- 
bers. 

2. No staff meetings. 

3. Medical records not up to date. 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 45 

These requirements could not be met immediately, but 
no time was lost in making a start. At the next Board meet- 
ing actions for repairing the deficiencies were voted and were 
soon under way. 



It will be remembered that back in 1895 Dr. J. H. Kel- 
logg had organized a medical mission among Chicago's poor 
and destitute and that the Doctors Paulson had been active in 
the work of the project which became known as the Life 
Boat Mission. 

In 1904 the mission was incorporated as the Working- 
men's Home and Life Boat Mission, with Dr. David Paul- 
son president of the board, and M. A. Winchell, superin- 
tendent. Most of the board members were also trustees of the 
Hinsdale Sanitarium. The principal constituents of the 
Mission were the Northern Illinois Conference of the Sev- 
enth-day Adventists, the trustees of the American Medical 
Missionary College, which then was still in existence, trust- 
ees of the Hinsdale Sanitarium and Benevolent Association, 
and certain persons in the employ of the corporation. Its 
purposes were purely philanthropic, benevolent, and char- 
itable. 

The activities were carried on by several committees 
whose work encompassed jail visits, especially at near-by 
police stations and at the Joliet penitentiary, and rescue ser- 
vice, in both of which the twin implements of religion and 
medicine played major roles; publishing the Life Boat maga- 
zine, and finances. The latter function was cause of even more 
concern than it was at the Sanitarium, because in the mission- 
ary work there were no paying guests. It was all out-go. In- 
come, of necessity, consisted entirely of gifts and donations. 



46 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

Because a farm in La Salle County that had been deeded 
to Dr. Kellogg for the benefit of worthy destitute men was 
too far away to be operated by the Mission, the land eventual- 
ly was sold and the proceeds were placed in trust for Mission 
purposes. In 1 907 a small farm south of La Grange had been 
purchased. For many years it proved useful in the Mission's 
rehabilitation work and for the growing of vegetables. A few 
of the more ambitious among the mission's proteges found 
country air and at least temporary employment at this farm. 

When the American Medical Missionary College closed 
its doors in 1910 the mission lost the services of those students 
of the College who had assisted in the missionary work, a loss 
that proved especially acute at times; but also it was notice- 
able that the charitable and benevolent needs of the city were 
undergoing a change. New agencies were coming into prom- 
inence. There were Hull House, Gads Hill Center, the 
Friendly Aid Society, the Chicago Commons Association, 
and others that had taken up the challenge and were "throw- 
ing out the life line," in the words of a popular mission song 
of the period. Older agencies, The Pacific Garden Mission, 
and the Salvation Army, were broadening their fields of 
operation. 

During the first World War meetings of the mission's 
board were few. There was less business to attend to be- 
cause work opportunities were more prevalent and all levels 
of society were realizing higher standards of living. At about 
this time also, the Hinsdale Sanitarium felt justified in re- 
ducing its attention to missionary work in the city and ex- 
tending more of it to the needy of Du Page, the county in 
which it was situated. 

As the year 1930 approached and passed, the mission was 
turning its attention more toward the magazine The Life 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 47 

Boat, tlian to the needs of destitute men and women. It was 
not long before the Life Boat Mission became a memory, to 
repose among other notable memories of Chicago's past. 

A review of the proceedings and the relationships between 
the various corporations and associations out of which the 
Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital has grown seems a bit 
complicated at times; but there is much evidence to show 
that each step was taken only after intelligent consideration, 
that all of them were needed, worthy, and right in step with 
their times. Above all, however, those various projects and 
accomplishments are a reflection of the men and women 
who undertook them. Guided by those "fundamental prin- 
ciples" so ardently advocated by their leaders, that pioneer 
group of the mission, the college, the sanitarium, with its 
two schools, the rescue home, and the magazine, have left a 
clear-cut record of well-integrated labor for humanity that 
few of the modern generation can equal. Those valiant 
groups not only preceded, but in a sense led the way for un- 
employment insurance, relief benefits, and other present-day 
public benefactions. 



When J. W. Christian resigned in 1930, N. W. Paulson 
was re-elected president, after serving a few months pro-tem. 
The Sanitarium had experienced its first operating loss in 
1927; a gain had not been realized since that year, and none 
was in prospect. A steady hand was needed at the helm. 

As the signs of a deepening general depression accumu- 
lated, the Hinsdale Sanitarium tightened its belt, and the 
President called for a special financial report. Business was 
falling off, more of the patients were finding it difficult to 



48 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

pay their bills, and a few heavy, unexpected repairs could 
be deferred no longer. The payroll ratio to net income was 
66.5 per cent, entirely too high. The sanitarium was becom- 
ing seriously embarrassed by the calling of its notes. Courage, 
confidence, and an earnest effort to reduce the operating ex- 
penses were imperative. 

To stem the unfavorable tide and reduce expenses, re- 
ductions could be made in the stock of supplies, in the work- 
ing force, and in wages; in fuel, traveling expenses, accounts 
receivable, and interest on loans. So during the next two years 
these measures were effected: a saving of 20 tons per week in 
coal consumption; the working force was reduced by 30, with 
understanding cooperation on the part of those who had to 
leave; a general salary and wage reduction of 10 per cent was 
effected, and the inventory of supplies was drastically cur- 
tailed. It was possible to close the "Inn" for the winter by 
moving the nurses to rooms in the main building, this being 
made possible by the reduced enrollment of patients. The 
Laboratory services were placed on a cash basis. An unused 
lot was sold to pay taxes. There were only three physicians 
instead of the usual four. A letter of reassurance was sent to 
holders of the sanitarium's notes, a step that was accorded 
substance through the election of a completely new Board 
of Trustees. The latter move was more of a reshuffle than a 
renewal, because it would have been difficult to find qualified 
new members who had not served on the Board at some time 
in the past; nevertheless, it was intended as a gesture to instill 
confidence, and very likely it had that effect. "Give me a 
family of workers who are Christians and will pull together, 
and I will show you an institution that will succeed," said 
the President. 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 49 

These persons constituted the new Board: 

Chairman W. H. Holden 

E. E. Harter W. E. Bliss 

S. E. Wright W. W. Frank 

G. S. Hoskin H. E. Ford 

N.\ V.Paulson R.U.Garrett 

M. A. Hollister E. A. Morris 

The services of C. E. Rice, the capable business manager 
who had served the Hinsdale Sanitarium at a previous time 
were again secured, in 1931, for a short time. He outlined 
certain plans and directives before returning to his post with 
the General Conference. His place was then taken by L. M. 
Bowen as permanent manager. Elder J. W. Christian con- 
ducted a remunerative campaign among those who were 
financially indebted to the institution. 

"Should the Academy be suspended for a time?" No, it 
was decided to continue it under a restricted program. Vaca- 
tions were curtailed. Mr. N. W. Paulson served as purchasing 
agent among his other duties. Salary advances were discon- 
tinued. The daily census of patients was still dropping and 
collections were more difficult. Many businesses closed their 
doors during that period, and so did many sanitariums, but 
the Hinsdale Sanitarium remained open. 

Not only did it continue to operate, but during those 
days of deepening shadow in 1931 the institution contributed 
a total of $9,005 toward charity in the combined forms of 
free services and donations. Indeed, the "family of Christians" 
was pulling through. 

A business promotion committee was added to the other 
remedial steps. The "Hinsdale Sanitarium Exponent" and 
other printed media were used for advertising. Steps '^vere 



50 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

taken to elicit the interest of more physicians of the Chicago 
area toward sending their patients to the relative peace and 
quiet of Hinsdale. There had been more patients per day in 
1926 than any year since, the daily census having fallen from 
88 to 47. 

During 1931 the Executive Committee gave way to the 
"Local Board," for deciding numerous small questions that 
required the directors' attention. The local board met more 
frequently and often called in those persons who were direct- 
ly concerned with the business at hand. The two boards and 
every worker, from the president down to the youngest bus 
boy, were instilled with the stark need of curtailing expenses. 
Rays of hope would appear only to vanish a few months 
later. A "payless week" and several others to follow were 
agreed to by all of the employees. How could such a group 
of people fail? 

When a definite turn for the better finally appeared, 
toward the latter part of 1932, it came in the form of im- 
provement in the rate of collections of overdue bills, this to 
be followed by the institution's ability to meet its interest 
obligations more promptly. In April 1932 the board had 
prepared a budget "to be balanced by a certain date," and 
at the end of the year the goal was almost reached. Patronage 
was still low, but expenses were becoming so well controlled 
that the future seemed secure. 

Aside from the Paulsons, there were several medical men 
of note who served the institution before the staff, as it is 
now organized, came into being. Dr. Wolfsen has been men- 
tioned. There were doctors J. F. Morse, C. F. Birkenstock, 
and J. W. Hopkins, medical directors, and Dr. J. H, Neall 
who organized the electrotherapy department, and who was 
so effective in the training of nurses, and Dr. W. C. Clough. 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 51 

During the year 1933 a very important move was made at 
the sanitarium. A set of byla^vs and regulations Avas drawn 
up governing the medical staff. The instrument covered the 
qualifications of staff members, terms of service, and ethical 
standards, and it divided the staff into four classes of physi- 
cians: 

Consulting. Those specialists on the staff who agreed to 
serve in this capacity. 

Active. Those who attended the free patients. Only these 
voted or held office. 

Associate. Junior, and less experienced physicians, each 
to be associated with a more experienced staff member. 

Courtesy. Those eligible members of the profession who 
chose the sanitarium for their patients and who agreed to 
serve on the staff in accordance with its regulations. The 
courtesy division has been the largest of the four. 

Following this rearrangement, the previous custom of free 
surgery was discontinued, but at the same time a free medi- 
cal clinic was established. The clinic was to prove an appro- 
priate accessory to the staff reorganization. 

The first Chief of Staff under the new bylaws was Dr. 
F. G. Dyas, a surgeon of wide reputation. Upon his death the 
office went to Dr. A. H. Lueders, and then to Dr. W. W. 
Frank, after his return from service with the army medical 
corps. During the years 1952-1955, Dr. Lueders, Dr. Frank, 
Dr. R. E. LaRue, and again Dr. Frank, served successively as 
president of the staff. From January, 1956, to the present, Dr. 
F. M. Brayshaw has been Chief of Staff. 

It is interesting to note in passing that by this time the 
sanitarium had regained the full approval of the American 
College of Surgeons, and that this action had been taken prior 
to reorganization of the staff. Among the surgeons who oper- 



52 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

ated at the old Hinsdale Sanitarium was the late Franklin H. 
Martin, organizer, and one of the early presidents, of the 
American College of Surgeons. 

In August, 1934, "Dr. Mary" Paulson Neall submitted her 
resignation. She was to join her sister, Caroline L. Clough, 
who had retired some years before. Both would move to 
California. Both had been among the original five who trans- 
formed a vacant estate into a useful institution. Both had 
served with distinction in those missionary services that were 
preliminary to the Hinsdale organization, and for twenty-six 
years in various institutional capacities. Mary had been Dr. 
David Paulson's inspiration and closest associate; Caroline, 
one of his chief lieutenants, and a leader in the various Life 
Boat undertakings. Both had served many terms on the board, 
and, as the years passed, had become advisors to their younger 
associates. 

As the year 1935 approached, the patient roster was giving 
indication of a turn for the better, but economies were still 
necessary. Long deferred repairs were scheduled, and the 
Board was drawing up a plan of sustentation for retiring em- 
ployees which would require a reserve fund. 

From the start, the chaplain at the Hinsdale Sanitarium 
has always been a very busy man. Besides the usual church 
activities, there were many ill and disabled persons to be 
visited, relatives to be consoled, visitors to be greeted, prayer 
meetings to be conducted, and denominational affairs to be 
attended. Reflecting loyal financial support on the part of 
the denominational members, no shortage of funds in the 
furtherance of those activities has been apparent. 

By 1935 there were thirty- three members of the medical 
staff: 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

L. L. Andrews F. G. Dyas 

R. D. Barclay 



W. S. Bebb 
A. E. Bricker 
P. G. Black 
E. W. Bretz 
C. T. Carr 
J. W. Can 
J. C. Clarke 
L. C. Clowes 
P. G. Dick 



G. G. Ehrler 
H. R. Feldott 
W. W. Frank 
J. A. Gardiner 
W. \V. Gourley 
A. J. Hospers 
C. I. Leff 
A. H. Lueders 
R. F. Manning 



53 

J. J. Moore 
P. G. Peterson 
P. L. Peterson 
C. E. Schultz 
C. S. Small 
P. H. Van Verst 
F. S. Weber 
N.T.Welford 
W. K. West 
O. D. Willstead 
E. F. Worsley 



R. A. Matthies 

Most of these physicians, of course, were members of the 
Courtesy Staff and representative of various communities. 
Many of them brought patients to the Sanitarium. In keep- 
ing with the improved staff organization, a nurses' registry 
was established soon after. 

In March, 1936, J. J. Nethery was elected President of 
the board, replacing W. H. Holden. M. V. Campbell was 
elected Vice Chairman, and Chairman of the local board. 
Under the new administration the Lake Union Conference 
was petitioned to make a complete survey of the sanitarium's 
organization and properties with a view toward scheduling 
its requirments over the ten years to follow; a comprehensive 
special report was drawn up by the medical department; and 
it was voted to make another canvass of all the sanitarium's 
bond and note holders. The canvass was made necessary by 
the large brick addition that had been built in 1919. Bonds 
covering that project were falling due. This benovolent and 
charitable institution had, from the start, operated on a 
margin (of what a business organization would call profit) 
of less than 1 per cent. Since there were no general reserves 
or sinking funds, when obligations fell due, means had to be 



54 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

found of meeting them, or melting them down. Mr. G. C. 
Hoskin, the manager, visited every bond holder, thus renego- 
tiating the entire indebtedness to a basis upon which the 
sanitarium could carry it. The canvass was a success, averting 
a second, though local, depression. 

Board members, constituents, and members of the staflE 
were changing. Employees were transferring to and from 
other institutions, or elsewhere, and occasionally news was 
received of former employees — cheerful news or sad. Harry 
E. Ford, the well-remembered laboratory technician of the 
1920's and '30's, passed away in 1938 at Nashville, Tennessee, 
He had joined the sanitarium force in 1919 and had eventual- 
ly become a member of the board. He was managing a sani- 
tarium for his colored race at the time and place of his 
passing. 

By 1940 the patronage had returned to normal, indebt- 
edness was considerably reduced, the property was in a fair 
state of repair, and a number of improvements had been 
effected. But the initial omens of a second world war were 
beginning to nudge any feeling of complacency that a full 
return to normalcy might have engendered. Months before 
Pearl Harbor, a higher rate of turnover in personnel became 
noticeable, and the cost of help and supplies was increasing. 

At this juncture President Nethery felt it necessary to re- 
mind his associates that "the greatest need is for all to realize 
the purpose of the institution," an admonition that had been 
repeated on past occasions. He referred, of course, to the 
need of healing the sick and of teaching the students, to the 
need of "keeping the eye on the ball," in the face of a new 
war and its accompanying distractions. 

The sanitarium's affairs at that time were being conducted 
by these boards and committees: 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 



55 



L. E. Lenheim 
R. M. Harrison 
J. J. Nethery 
O. J.Dahl 



Executive Board 

B. C. Marshall 

E. L. Green 

F. M. Brayshaw 



House Committee 
B. C. Marshall O. J. Dahl 

J. S. Tupper Evelyn Wiik 

J. S. Barclay Fred Griesman 

Helen Herwehe L. E. Lenheim 

Budget and Finance 

L. E. Lenheim E. L. Green 

R. M. Harrison J. J. Nethery 

J. S. Barclay H. P. Bloum 
B. C. Marshall 

Scho\ol of Nursing 
B. C. Marshall Jessie Tupper 



L. E. Lenheim 

A. W. Johnson 
Floyd Brayshaw 

B. C. Marshall 
J. S. Tupper 

F. M. Brayshaw 
L. Chatfield 
O. J. Dahl 
Amy Klose 
Edna Shelburg 



Faculty 



Louise Chatfield 
Amy Klose 
Mrs. R. Spohr 

Evelyn Wiik 
Lela Harper 
Stella Peterson 
Edwin Graff 
Arnie Roberts 
Myrtle Foreman 
V. Carleton 



Something new for the sanitarium occurred in 1942. 
Fifty five Hinsdale Township High School girls took a special 



56 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

course of training and served as aides to the nurses, relieving 
them of various duties that required no professional knowl- 
edge or skill. In 1943, an affiliation was made with the Veter- 
an's Hospital at Hines, Illinois, whereby the sanitarium's 
nurses could serve there a number of weeks for added ex- 
perience. 

Following Mr. Nethery, Mr. B. C. Marshall had become 
chief executive officer. His administration was to face some 
of the same problems that had appeared during the previous 
war, especially in the shortage and turnover of help and a 
rise in prices. But in addition, there was the disturbing and 
growing consciousness that the main buildings, the frame 
structures that had been erected in 1904 and 1905, were be- 
coming outmoded and soon would need replacing. 

The years of the second world war were taken in stride, 
and beyond that period momentous days were approaching. 
These events were to happen soon: The Lake Union Con- 
ference was to "acquire" the sanitarium, and, with the insti- 
tution's participation, the Conference was to build a new 
church on the property. The long anticipated modern dormi- 
tory for the nurses was to be erected, and adequate quarters 
for the other employees were to be realized. Of further sig- 
nificance was this statement from a special report of the build- 
ing committee, submitted July 3, 1945: "It is recommended 
that we employ a capable architect at once to draw up a 
master plan of the buildings that are needed, this plan to in- 
corporate a new sanitarium building, in place of the wooden 
structure. . . ." 



The Path Ascends 



When the war ended in 1945 the Hinsdale Sani- 
tarium and Hospital had reached a fork in the road: a time 
for decision. There had been 3,432 patients admitted during 
1948, and the patronage was outgrowing the buildings and 
other facilities. Both the buildings and the equipment were 
well along the path of obsolescence. It was further apparent 
that rebuilding on the required scale would enlarge the 
properties to an extent that would place the sanitarium 
beyond the scope of a purely local, suburban institution. 
It would need the guardianship of a broader authority. 

So the constituency arrived at the wise decision to apply 
for Conference ownership and supervision of the properties, 
while simultaneously petitioning the Conference for aid in 
the erection of a new main building. That Rubicon was 
crossed, and the Lake Union Conference of Seventh-day Ad- 
ventists drew up an agreement that ^vas acceptable to all 
parties. Under the new arrangement the Conference would 
contribute a sizeable sum toward the new construction. 

Existing funds would not cover the entire project, but 
possibly the community could be called upon for part of it; 
and there was new legislation, the Hill-Burton Act, under 
which the Federal Government and the State of Illinois 
would match the funds raised from private sources. Thus 
"private sources" actually constituted the key to the project. 

Architect Ed Halsted made a preliminary drawing. The 
community physicians wholeheartedly endorsed the objec- 

(57) 



58 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

lives, and as time went on they would contribute valuable 
advice on such questions as floor lay-out and the choice o£ 
equipment. The future was taking form, but the new build- 
ing was far from assured. 

About mid-July, 1949, a young boy of the neighborhood 
was stricken with poliomyelitis. Since there were no adequate 
suburban facilities for treating this disease, he was sent else- 
where for cure. Soon, other cases appeared in the area. 
Through their family doctor, this situation came to the 
attention of Mr. and Mrs. Eugene W. Kettering. Their keen 
interest in the subject of public health prompted them to 
inquire of the Hinsdale Sanitarium concerning the possibility 
of establishing a department for treating all contagious dis- 
eases of children, including polio, they to furnish the equip- 
ment. The proposal was altogether agreeable. 

Meanwhile, the disease was assuming epidemic propor- 
tions throughout the western suburbs. On August 18, the 
Doings said seven new cases had been reported within forty- 
eight hours. The handling of this emergency was legally a 
responsibility of the County Board of Health and the Board 
gave every assistance within its power, but Village authori- 
ties pitched in also. In Hinsdale some said "spray the Vil- 
lage," as is done for mosquitoes. But that was voted down by 
the doctors, whose recommendations soon followed a state- 
ment issued by President Dale Cox. Local swimming pools 
were closed, the water supply was examined, and children 
were urged to avoid public gatherings. Similar measures were 
observed in the other towns. 

Within a three-week period 53 active cases were re- 
ported in the county, 18 of them in Hinsdale. The year fol- 
lowing, the county had 27 cases, of which 3 were reported 
in Hinsdale. 



Hinsdale Sayiitarium and Hospital 59 

After the disease had run its course in that summer of 
1949, it was learned that before the epidemic had reached 
its peak, the Sanitarium had received a complete set of the 
latest equipment for combatting polio; and the Village Board 
issued this statement: "... We are all especially grateful. . . . 
Too few people realize how fortunate this community is to 
have the splendid facilities for handling polio that are now 
installed at the sanitarium. ..." The equipment was com- 
plete, and the best obtainable. Not again will the western 
suburbs be unprepared. 

That experience served another immensely useful pur- 
pose: It recruited community interest in the new hospital. 
Soon a meeting was held at the Kettering residence attended 
by various persons who had been connected with the epi- 
demic, either as parents of victims or as helpers in the cause. 
The Dewey Fagerburgs, Ed Gammon, T. A. Blank, Dr. A. H. 
Lueders, Clifford Pratt, E. W. Matteson, Marshall Keig, and 
others met to discuss plans for community participation. A 
committee was formed, and soon it was in consultation with 
the sanitarium officials. Mr. Robert Hervig, Administrator, 
his board of trustees, and all concerned could return their 
attention to the building plans, plans which ultimately were 
to grow beyond their original scope. 

The architectural firm of Fugard, Burt, Wilkinson and 
Orth was employed in April, 1950, to draw plans for the new 
hospital. It would accommodate 202 bed patients and cost 
approximately $3,000,000. "If the community is willing to 
underwrite a fraction of this cost," said the administrator, 
"there is every reason to believe we can realize our goal." 

Mr. C. R. Osborn of Hinsdale was asked to serve as gen- 
eral chairman of a fund-raising committee representing the 
seven principal suburbs within the sanitarium's sphere of 



60 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

patronage. Mr. N. M. Symonds would serve as finance chair- 
man, and the following as co-chairmen of the separate towns 
and divisions. 

Clarendon Hills Perry Magill 

Downers Grove John D. Clarke 

Hinsdale K. Harper Clarke, Jr. 

La Grange Park C. Livingston 

La Grange Park Park C. Livingston 

Western Springs George Arbogast 

Westmont Walter Carroll 

Volney B. Fowler Publicity Chairman 

Fred J. Keller Industrial Group Chairman 

E. W. Kettering Special Gifts Chairman 

R. E. Pearsall Medical Group Chairman 

A Civic Advisory Council was created by a Board of 
Trustees resolution in March, 1950, as a further bond be- 
tween the institution and the public. In anticipation of a 
fund drive, a continuing liaison between the sanitarium and 
the seven villages seemed advisable. It is the stated purpose 
of the Council to " . . . meet regularly with the chief admin- 
istrative officer of the institution to formulate, offer, and sub- 
mit helpful suggestions in the management and operation of 
said institution. . . . The Council shall consist of one mem- 
ber from each of the aforementioned seven villages, . . . and 
two additional members at large, . . . none of whom shall be 
a director of the hospital, and who shall, in the first instance, 
be chosen by the Board of Trustees." 

The first president of the Council was Mr. Newell Ford 
of Western Springs. He and his group coped with various 
unusual problems that arose during the period of transition 
from the old institution to the new. 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 61 

Presently the council has this set of officers: 

Chairman Gordon Metcalf 

Vice Chairman Norman Galbraith 

Secretary Mrs. Norine M. Manor 

And these members: 

Mrs. B. N. Anderson, Jr. 

Mr. George A. Arbogast 

Mrs. Jane K. Bunker (at large) 

Mr. Norman G. Galbraith 

Mrs. Virginia Kettering (at large) 

Mr. Gordon Metcalf 

Mr. William O. Nelson 
After the council had been created, Mr. L. E. Lenheim, 
president of the board of trustees, said, "the trustees believe 
the council will be of immeasurable assistance in the guidance 
of the board toward solution of many problems that in- 
evitably will come with the enlargement of the institu- 
tion. . . ." 

It was obvious from the start that the fund-raising organ- 
ization, under the chairmanship of Mr. Osborn, contained 
all the elements of a successful campaign. A kick-off rally held 
March 27, 1950, was attended by several hundred neighbor- 
hood workers. Each of the seven towns had been well organ- 
ized. 

By April, the half-way mark had been passed. In June an 
anonymous citizen offered to donate a sum equal to 10 per 
cent of the public contribution, up to the $1,000,000 goal. 
Under the Hill-Burton Act the State and Federal Govern- 
ments matched every dollar of public subscription, so this 
private offer obviously would, in effect, bring to $2.20 every 
dollar subscribed by the public. By July, $826,739 had been 
collected and pledged. 



62 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

In August, 1950, when Mr. Osborn was moved by his 
company to another city, his place as general chairman was 
taken by N. M. Symonds. J. O. Heppes became Vice Chair- 
man, a new post. 

In September, 1950, the architects' drawings for the new 
sanitarium were approved. As additional receipts were re- 
ported. Federal approval of the project came closer. An Oak 
Brook horse show, and several performances of the Hinsdale 
Village Players brought further support. By January, 1951, 
the citizens' contributions had passed $900,000, over $60,000 
of which had been marked for memorial equipment in 
memory of relatives or friends. In all, over 4,000 persons and 
organizations contributed, as revealed in the final count. 

By August, 1951, the fund had reached such proportions 
as to assure passage of the Federal appropriation. The United 
States Public Health Service immediately notified the archi- 
tects and the sanitarium to proceed with the construction. 
Idle funds were temporarily invested. Contractors' bids were 
received and analyzed, and ground was broken October 21, 
1951. 

In the presence of N. M. Symonds, general chairman of 
the funds committee, E. H. Marhoefer, Jr., whose firm was 
awarded the contract, Norman C. Taylor, Administrator, and 
others, the first spade of dirt was turned for the new build- 
ing. The spade was wielded by Miss Peggy Pratt of Hins- 
dale who had been one of the first polio patients during the 
epidemic in 1949. 

Preceding the ground-breaking, the event had been ob- 
served in the new Seventh-day Adventist Church. There a 
program led by M. L. Rice, president of the Lake Union Con- 
ference, was attended by village presidents and civic lead- 
ers from Hinsdale and near-by communities. 



Hijisdale Sanitarium and Hospital 63 

Construction had advanced far enough to lay the corner- 
stone the following year. Amid the miscellany of building 
equipment and supplies, the ceremony could be attended by 
only a few, but this is what the copper box placed under a 
pillar of the front portico contains: 

Historical notes pertaining to the old sanitarium and the 
events leading to erection of the new one. 

Lists of members of the board of trustees, the adminis- 
trative staff, and the fund-raising committee; also a list of 
all donors to the building fund. 

A list of officials of the seven villages, a list of the medical 
staff, names of the architects and contractors, and copies 
of newspapers containing stories of the new property. 

The cornerstone was set October 26, 1952, but a year was 
to elapse before the patients could be moved from the old to 
the new building. That year was not free of anxiety, as some 
lag was experienced in the collection of donors' pledges, and 
usual organizational routines were disturbed by construc- 
tion operations so close at hand. By May, 1953, however, the 
structure was 90 per cent finished, and on September 27 
"Chucky" Richards, age 8, with a broad grin and a pair of 
scissors cut a ribbon, signifying the opening of the $4,000,000 
Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital. Chucky had been among 
the 70 child victims of polio in 1949. 

On the day of formal opening several thousand past and 
future patients and other friends arrived to inspect their 
new facility. Some came from distant cities, and those who 
could not be present sent congratulatory messages, among 
them Governor Stratton and Health Director Cross, of the 
State of Illinois. 

Two days later all patients were moved at one time from 
the old building to the new, an unusual procedure among 



64 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

hospitals. On September 29, at 10:00 p.m., Judith Ann Lord 
was born, the first baby to arrive in the new hospital. 

Previously, an agreement had been reached with tht 
University of Illinois College of Medicine which strengthened 
between the hospital and the college a professional affilia- 
tion which had been in force for some time. Under the aug- 
mented agreement the college may avail itself of the hospi- 
tal's improved facilities in its research work, and the hospi- 
tal, in turn, will benefit from closer contact with the univers- 
ity's medical staff, receiving its instruction and advice. The 
college maintains procedural standards which the hospital 
must meet, and a continuous check will reveal any laxity in 
method or routine. 

One of the first manifestations of the agreement was the 
establishment of the children's clinic in the hospital as an 
extension of the crippled children's services of the University. 
The Du Page County Health Department cooperates in con- 
ducting these clinics. 

Razing of the old buildings took several months and made 
some noise, while the staff, doctors, and nurses were becom- 
ing accustomed to their new quarters. As the timbers came 
down and were carried away, they also gave rise to nostalgic 
contemplation among the old timers, as exemplified in this 
bit of verse from a member of the organization: 

Moving day came — the old San grew dim, 
Not a light shone through its windows or doors. 
Only a creaking sound was heard now and then, 
As a wrecking surveyor crossed over its floors. 

There were moments of silence as last looks were cast, 
Knowing the old San would be a thing of the past. 
One by one, old furnishings went their way, 
From attic to basement; it was quite an array. 

Edna Shelburg, '27 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 



65 




THE NEW MAIN BUILDING 



66 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

Some of the equipment from the old building was still 
usable, but most of it was disposed of in favor of equipment 
of advanced design, and functionally more capable. Some of 
the devices were new to the medical profession. 

Furnishing of the building occupied many painstaking 
hours, and other forms of generosity on the part of Mrs. Ket- 
tering, Mary Kendall, the Kroehler Company, and other 
friends of the hospital. Color schemes, curtain material, 
furniture for patients' rooms and offices, and floor covering, 
among various other items, called for decision, purchase, and 
installation. In those phases of the hospital's equipage it was 
the women who took the lead, but subsequent events were 
to prove the furnishings as secondary among their all-over 
contributions. 

The Women's Service Board really had its beginning dur- 
ing the epidemic of poliomyelitis in the summer of 1949. 
The cases of polio had been so unexpected and so numerous 
that the then existing facilities were inadequate. Defense 
against the attack called in every available resource, includ- 
ing aid to the overworked nurses; in the feeding of patients, 
and substituting in other duties that required no professional 
skill. Many women of the neighborhood volunteered in the 
emergency. 

The epidemic waned, but it had impressed Mrs. Kettering 
and her associates who had organized the women, with the 
desirability of maintaining a permanent corps of those wo- 
men who might care to volunteer for hospital work on a 
longer term basis. The region is fortunate in having many 
women of that inclination among its residents. During the 
following three years, organization of the Women's Service 
Board was perfected. Now it has 150 members, all active. It 
is a working organization. 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 67 

Breadth of objective, size and loyalty of its membership, 
and a bright record of service are noteworthy features of 
this volunteer group. With a belief in business-like methods, 
the members are guided by a carefully compiled set of by- 
laws, under elected officers and a director of the daily opera- 
tions, in work of the individual's choice. After completing a 
16-hour preparatory course, the members perform tliese 
specific services, complementary to, but in no way supplant- 
ing, the functions of the nurses: 

Baths for bed patients, on all floors. 

Reading, writing letters, and attending to personal busi- 
ness for patients. 

Attendance on the needs of child patients. 

Assist in hydrotherapy. 

Preparation of supplies in the central supply department. 

Attendance at the gift shop. 

Circulating the library cart, and the gift cart. 

Assisting the station clerks. 

Secretarial work in various departments of the hospital. 

Miscellaneous duties. 

As the members arrive for work, their tasks are assisrned 
by the volunteer director, and the members also report upon 
leaving for the day. Records are kept of the time spent by each 
volunteer, and of the time spent on each kind of work in 
every department. Volunteer director of the service since it 
was inaugurated is Mrs. J. Mackenzie Ward, whose office is 
located in the main building. According to her records, as of 
December, 1956, five members are entitled to wear pins 
denoting 1,000 or more hours of service. They are: 

Mrs. Wm. S. Faurot Mrs. Frank Hopwood 

Mrs. Harold Ford Mrs. E. W. Kettering 

Mrs. Perry Magill 



68 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

Mrs. Kettering, as organizer and general overseer, serves 
without a title. The organization is performing over 11,000 
hours of useful and essential work per year. 

During 1955 the Women's Service Board successfully 
undertook a departure from its customary routine. It raised 
enough money by means of a bazaar to air cool the entire 
maternity floor. 

At the Oak Brook Polo Club, September 22, 1956, the 
Women's Service Board staged the "Travelers' Market," a 
sale of gifts and wares from distant lands. The market at- 
tracted over 3,000 persons, from Chicago and other places, 
and it sold over $21,000 worth of goods for the Hospital's 
benefit. 

Service Board officers are: 
Mrs. Walter Barber President 

Mrs. Auwell Fogarty Vice President 

Mrs. Lawrence Johnson, Jr. Secretary 
Mrs. Neal Millar Secretary 

Mrs. Herbert McClean Treasurer 

These officers and the respective village chairmen consti- 
tute the organization's Executive Board. 

Closely allied with the Women's Service Board is the 
Gift Shop, operated under the direction of Mrs. William S. 
Faurot and Mrs. Harold Ford, The shop has been so suc- 
cessful that plans now contemplate an enlargement of its 
quarters off the main lobby. 

It should be emphasized that all community help for the 
hospital has come from a wide area; not from Hinsdale alone. 
In fund-raising, each of seven villages took part, and each 
continues to contribute its share in the various forms of 
routine assistance. 

The Medical Auxiliary was formed in 1953. It is open 



Hiyisdale Sanitarium and Hospital 69 

to wives of the medical staff and now has a membership 
of 75 to 80. 

Every year, in June, the group sponsors a "social," the 
proceeds of which go toward scholarships for the School of 
Nursing and toward a fund to provide loans to student 
nurses. An annual dinner in recognition of the new staff 
director and in honor of the retiring director is arranged. 
This dinner is an expression of good fellowship, an occasion 
for all staff members to meet informally. The Medical Auxil- 
iary provides Christmas gifts for the student nurses, and, in 
various ways, its members help to further the harmonious 
spirit throughout the hospital family. 

Officers of the Auxiliary are the following: 
Mrs. Joseph L. Hrdina President 

Mrs. George O. Baumrucker Vice President 
Mrs. R. \V. Janda Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Clarence Schilt Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Herbert Stanton Treasurer 

With the passage of the years and acquisition of the new 
building, many changes have been inevitable in routine and 
procedure as well as in equipment. The average length of 
hospitalization of the patients is much shorter than formerly. 
The institution no longer owns a farm. The free general 
medical clinic has given way to the special clinic for children. 
Gone are the days when nurses were assigned to general 
duties for individual patients. Now each nurse has more 
specific duties, a development that has been enhanced by the 
services of the Women's Service Board and which has brought 
greater efficiency to the daily routine. No longer does the 
Academy operate as a part of the sanitarium. Nurses* training, 
however, has greatly expanded. Family Night now takes the 
place of former entertainments. At a Family Night in Febru- 



70 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

ary, 1956, much of the program was in honor of Miss Anna 
Pedersen who had served with the "family" in different 
capacities for 52 years (see Page 18) . The messages of con- 
gratulation and affection, from near and far, were many. 

Worthy of a similar salute, but no longer present, was 
Rosa Andre, Sanitarium Matron for thirty-odd years, and a 
member of the Board. She was reliable, of pleasant demeanor, 
and an excellent influence. 

The new Seventh-day Adventist Church was built on the 
east side of Oak Street in 1946, and dedicated in December, 
1947. A large modern dormitory for nurses was ready for 
occupancy in July, 1953. It is named Jessie Tupper Hall. All 
of the furniture for this building was donated by the 
Kroehlers. 

No school has a more loyal alumni than the sanitarium's 
school of nursing. They are always ready to help, as was 
demonstrated during the depression years when the alumni 
staged various entertainments and other benefits to help the 
institution meet expenses. 

The brick addition to the sanitarium that had been 
erected in 1919 is known as Paulson Hall. In 1954 an audi- 
torium with stage, adequate lighting, and a large seating capa- 
city was completed on the ground floor. Here Family Night 
and other gatherings are held. Dr. Paulson had always used 
the word "family" in referring to his sanitarium associates. 
South of Paulson Hall a new stone barbeque grill, a memorial 
to Porter Essley, encourages suppers out of doors. 

National Hospital Day was emphasized in May, 1949, with 
the Director of Public Health for the State as the principal 
speaker. Eight hundred guests attended, and the day came to 
be suitably observed in subsequent years. 

Under Conference jurisdiction, the chief executive officer 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 71 

at the sanitarium has the title of Administrator. The first to 
hold this title was Mr. Robert H. Hervig. In 1950 he was 
succeeded by Mr. Norman C. Taylor who was in charge dur- 
ing tlie construction period. When Mr. Taylor resigned 
in 1954, Mr. O. T. Moline served as interim administrator 
until the appointment in that year of Mr. A. C. Larson, the 
present incumbent who administers the new plant. 

Let's take a ivalk through the hospital. 

First Floor 

After noting the comfortable lobby, surrounded on three 
sides by the information desk, the admittance office, the gift 
shop, and the modern business offices south along the corri- 
dor, we enter the Medical Records section north of the lobby. 
Here written case records are kept on hand for five years or 
longer on space-saving microfilms. A physicians' conference 
room adjoins the records office. 

West of there is the Surgery department comprising three 
major operating rooms, one for minor operations, one for 
genito-urinary operations, and one for fractures. All six rooms 
are equipped with improved types of adjustable tables, lights, 
and auxiliary devices. Adjoining service rooms are for con- 
sultation, preparation, anesthetists, clean-up, recovery, and 
a room for the supervisor of operation nurses. 

In keeping with advanced practice, surgical instruments 
are sterilized away from the operating rooms, in a special 
section, from which the sterilized articles are delivered by 
elevator as required. Large-faced time recorders embedded 
in the walls of the operating rooms obviate the need of 
wrist watches. For safety in the presence of anesthetic gases, 
static electricity must be avoided, which is accomplished 



72 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

through the use of a special floor-tiling and rubber-soled 
shoes. Even the wheeled stretchers on which the patients are 
moved to and from the operating rooms are improved ver- 
sions, for comfort and quietness. The best in surgery calls 
for a smoothly functioning team in performing the operation 
and also for a design and layout of equipment and floor space 
that conserves steps and motions. Most candidates for surgery 
will agree. 

Clinical and X-Ray Laboratories, so essential to the surgi- 
cal procedures, are practically next door to the operating 
rooms. The clinical laboratory, equipped with a flame pho- 
tometer and other technical advances, deals in bacteriology, 
basal metabolism, chemistry, hematology, pathology, serology, 
and urinalysis. It maintains a reliable blood bank for trans- 
fusions. 

The x-ray section is equipped for the various types of 
photography, deep-ray therapy, and fluoroscopy; with ade- 
quate insulation, film viewing rooms, and a comfortable 
waiting and dressing area. Film developing equipment is 
designed for rapidity as well as for technical perfection. Im- 
mediately after a film has been developed, the technician is 
able to make a written report of his findings on a dictating 
machine in an adjacent alcove. 

Upper Floors 
The Pediatric section treats persons under fifteen years of 
age, except for those with polio, many of whom are older. 
This area is so arranged that certain sections can be isolated 
when contagious maladies are present. The room for infants 
and another for postoperatives are permanently set apart. A 
junior library and recreation room are at one end of this 
department. 



Hinsdale Satiitariurn and Hospital 73 

Monaghan and Carmody-Mucller respirators (iron 
lungs) , a large thermal tub, sling and spring suspensions 
over beds, hot pack machines, beds that will rock, standing 
beds, and especially fitted wheel chairs, are among the equip)- 
ment currently in use for those with polio. Thirty cases at a 
time, including sixteen acute, can be accommodated, and ad- 
ditional equipment is available for emergencies. 

The Psychiatric Department. One of die requirements 
of a modern facility for mental hygiene is that of cheerful 
placid surroundings, and another is employment of the most 
recently approved treatments. The remedies have been 
changing rapidly during recent years. In a department on the 
fourth floor, all of the accepted requirements are provided. 
Usually this department is well filled, but many of the 
patients are not confined to their section of the building. 
Frequently they go for walks and to the cafeteria for meals. 
The patients have a sun parlor, a music room, facilities for 
playing games; they often spend profitable hours in occupa- 
tional therapy. 

Maternity facilities are on the fifth floor. The air-condi- 
tioned labor rooms, the delivery rooms, and the auxiliary 
rooms are effectively arranged. The main nursery, and the 
isolation nursery are fitted with picture windows, where 
shows are staged for those who have been admitted. When 
the curtain rises, the actors and actresses perform; or don't 

All other space on the upper floors is given over to rooms 
for the patients. A typical room has walls of a pleasing pastel 
shade, a white ceiling, and a floor covering of combination 
tile; two straight-backed chairs and a reclining chair; a com- 
mode, on top of which rests a telephone and a receptacle for 
drinking water; a clothes locker recessed in the wall, and a 
perform, in bassinets of clear plastic, on wheels. 



74 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

bureau. The lavatory is in a separate room, but the wash basin 
is placed in the main room. All "high-low" beds are adjust- 
able, having sides that can be raised or lowered and are fitted 
for the attachment of treatment accessories. An oxygen pipe 
leads through the walls to every room. Over the head of the 
bed are a radio speaker and a light that is adjustable for 
directing its rays up or down. 

Available to all patients and their visitors (except on the 
maternity floor) is a reception area, glazed to admit ultra- 
violet light and equipped with comfortable furniture. Every 
floor for patients has a nurses' station and utility room. 

Ground Floor and Basements 
An Emergency Receiving Room, conveniently located at 
driveway level near a side entrance, is ready with emergency 
examination tables for those who are suddenly ill or injured. 
Rest and waiting rooms adjoin the examination room. (Ac- 
cident cases brought to the hospital during 1955 numbered 
4,578. 

From the start Physical Therapy has held a prominent 
place at the sanitarium, and its value is confirmed in the 
present elaborate equipment for physical rehabilitation. 
Hubbard hydro tanks for exercise under water; various 
gymnasium apparati, a stationary "bicycle," therapeutic lamps 
and aids in walking are among the appliances that help to re- 
educate muscles and return them to strength and coordina- 
tion. 

Exercise under water has proved especially effective for 
muscular debility in its various forms. The resistive character- 
istics of water make it the most suitable medium for this 
exercise, for which reason swimming often is recommended 
for those recovering from polio. 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 75 

The Pharmacy contains a $10,000 inventory of drugs and 
pharmaceuticals that are dispensed by registered pharmacists. 
Prescriptions are filled at any hour of day or night. 

Auxiliary Departments 

At the Central Supply section, sutures and other operat- 
ing room supplies are sterilized, stored, and delivered as 
required. 

All major Kitchen equipment is of stainless steel. Hot 
meals are kept hot while en route from the kitchen to the 
patients' room in pre-heated, sealed packs. Cooking is by 
gas heat, and all baking is done on the premises. Frozen foods 
are used extensively; more of the food is frozen than canned. 
Fresh vegetables are plentiful in season. A separate, smaller 
kitclien prepares dietetic meals. 

The Housekeeping department comprises the laimdry 
with its large washers, extractors, tumblers, and ironers, as 
well as the linen supply section. 

In the Stock Room a great variety of hospital, building 
maintenance, and shop supplies are kept in storage ready for 
use on requisition. They include frozen foods, non-perish- 
able foods, and anesthetic gases. A small print shop is located 
in one corner of the stock room. It prepares about 50 dif- 
ferent printed forms for hospital use. 

Heat, Water, and Steam are provided by three 300 horse 
power boilers located in the sub-basement. The air condi- 
itioning units are there as well as the repair shops. 

Throughout the interior there is a general impression of 
light without glare and of thorough ventilation. That faint 
medicinal aroma so long associated with hospitals is com- 
pletely absent. The decor is pleasingly functional. There are 
few places for dust to collect. The building is highly fire- 



76 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

resistive. There is an agreeable aura of quiet efficiency. It is 
altogether cheerful. 

Mrs. O. W. Dynes, so well-known in garden club circles, 
selected and supervised the planting of shrubs around the 
circular drive and in the yard. As described by A. W. Vande- 
man of the hospital staff, they consist of "hicks yew, cockspur 
hawthome, wards yew, bigleaf wintercreeper, Japanese yew, 
cotoneaster, Alpine currant, and many stands of floribunda 
roses," all spaced and arranged by an expert. 

The dedication exercises on May 8, 1955, were held in 
the new church. It was a beautiful spring day and so many 
attended that extra chairs were provided on the lawn across 
Oak Street from the church. A public address system enabled 
those outside to hear the proceedings. 

Following a greeting of welcome by M. L. Rice, president 
of the Board of Directors, there was an address by Charles 
F. Kettering on the subject "The Hospital and the Com- 
munity," and the dedicatory address by Doctor Theodore R. 
Flaiz, secretary, Medical Department, at Seventh-day Ad- 
ventist headquarters in Washington, D. C. 

Afterward, there was open house throughout the new 
building. A film on cancer was shown, accompanied by vari- 
ous exhibits and a tour of the facilities. 

As the year 1956 proceeds, it brings announcement of a 
comprehensive medical center building to be erected in the 
village of Hinsdale by the Kettering Family Foundation. The 
building will include a conference and projection room, a 
medical library and medical exhibits, as well as doctor's 
offices. Undoubtedly it will serve as a further link between 
the hospital and the local medical fraternity. 

As this book goes to press, the framework of a new pro- 
fessional women's residence rises on Elm Street just west of 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 77 

the main building. Similar in design and materials to the 
main hospital, this new unit will house the graduate nurses 
and other professional women of the institution. The cost, in- 
cluding furnishings, will exceed $500,000, and funds have 
been made up from private gifts, a Ford foimdation grant, 
and church organizations. 

The cost of hospital care is rising, and that is true at 
Hinsdale as elsewhere. From 1946 to 1954 the consumers 
price index rose 37.6 per cent. In the same period hospital 
costs rose 132 per cent. From the patient's point of view, the 
rise has partly been offset by the shortening of his stay in the 
hospital, but obviously that relief has its limits. The reason 
for the rise in cost is the personal nature of hospital service. 
Mechanization, automation, have been applicable to hospital 
work only in a very limited degree. 



In 1904 the land on which the hospital stands was 
acquired by the Hinsdale Sanitarium and Benevolent Asso- 
ciation for $16,000. A recent estimate places the value of land 
and buildings at $5,500,000. During the interim about 95,000 
patients have been admitted, many thousands of infants have 
successfully been born, and upward of half a million treat- 
ments have been administered to the outpatients. As if to 
echo, in substance, the song "The Promise of Life," that was 
sung at the first dedication, every resource, both physical and 
spiritual, has been invoked in the patients' behalf. 

Regardless of its mounting accomplishments, it cannot 
be said that the Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital has arrived 
at a destination. Far from it. In years to come it will be wel- 
coming the ill in larger numbers, it will be seeking and find- 



78 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

ing better knowledge, implements, and facilities with which 
to treat them, and it will continue to administer to human 
needs under the guiding hand and spirit of the Great 
Physician. 



Postscripts 



On Sunday, March 11, 1956, Dr. Mary Paulson- 
Neall, co-founder of the Sanitarium, died in California at 
the age of 83. On Thursday of the same week she rested in 
the church across the street. With the soft winter sunlight 
illuminating the picture window of "Christ at the Door," 
Elder Lawrence Scott, pastor of the Hinsdale Seventh-day 
Adventist church, delivered the funeral sermon. Mr. Larson, 
Sanitarium administrator read the obituary. At the close of 
the service the student nurses, all in uniform, led by Mrs. 
Evelyn Nelson, director of the school Dr. Mary founded, 
filed past the bier, preceding other friends and former co- 
workers. A blanket of pastel flowers covered the gray casket. 
It was flanked on both sides by an arrangement of roses from 
her many friends. Burial was in Bronswood Cemetery, next 
to Dr. David. 



A plaque is attached to a wall of the lobby. It reads: 

In Appreciation 

of 

Mrs. E. W. Kettering 

Whose untiring efforts and 

devoted work helped make 

this hospital a reality. 

September 27, 1953 

(79) 



80 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

This message was received from Mr. W. B. Hill, President 
of the Illinois Conference, upon the occasion of Miss Anna 
Pedersen's fifty-second anniversary as an employee of the 
hospital : 

"Hand in hand with your God you have served in an 
institution where the suffering are relieved, the sick healed, 
and troubled hearts made peaceful. What compensation you 
must have as the Great Physician smiles upon you for the 
fifty-two years of unselfish service. 

"May the evening of your life be happy as you reflect upon 
your past, so nobly played, in bringing the healing balm of 
Hinsdale to so many in need." 




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X-ray Therapy 




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Vacuum Heat-controlled Meal Service 




Distilled Water for Various Purposes 




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Personnel 



J. D. Smith 
W. B. Hill 
A. C. Larson 

C. M. Bunker 
Elton Dessain 
W. W. Frank, M.D. 



BOARD OF DIRECTORS 

President 

Vice-President 

Secretary-Treasurer 



G. E. Hutches 
H. W. Kibble 
Arthur Kiesz 
H. A. Shepard 



O. T. Moline 
W. A. Nelson 
F. O. Rittenhouse 



CHIEF ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS 

1904 - 1957 

Dr's David and Mary Paulson — Co-founders 



H. E. Hyot 

A. C. Gaylord 

Julius Paulson 

C. E. Rice 

L. V. Roberson 

Verah MacPherson 



W. E. Abernathy 
L. M. Bowen 
G. C. Hoskins 
B. C. Marshall 
R. H. Hervig 
N. C. Taylor 



A. C. Larson 



(93) 



94 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 
MEDICAL STAFF- 1957 

R. A. Matthies, President 

H. M. Stanton, Vice-President 

J. V. Burke, Secretary-Treasurer 



Active 
R. R. Allen 
W. D. Allers 
Arthur Arnold 
G. O. Baunurucker 
T. J. Benton 

F. M. Brayshaw 
W. E. Bretz 

J. V. Burke 
A. P. Dado 
K. L. Duncombe 
N. M. Frank 
W. W. Frank 
P. G. Fredrickson 
T. P. Froehlke 
J. A. Gardiner 

G. E. Guemmer 
R. E Hall 

A J. Hospers 
J. L. Hrdina 
Paul Immerwahr 
R. W. Janda 

F. R. Johnson 
E. W. Kallal 
R. E. LaRue 

G. I. Leff 

A. H. Lueders 
G. R. Luke 

R. F. Manning 
R. A. Matthies 
G. G. Moran 
R. W. Nauman 

B. L. Rodkinson 
J. A. Schoenberger 

C. E. Schultz 

J. P. Schweitzer 



F. E. Snapp 
H. M. Stanton 
F. M. Sylvester 
Maya S. Unna 
Victoria B. Vacha 

B. F. Ward 

N. T. Welford 

M. G. Westmoreland 

A. F. Wiersma 

E. F. Worsley 

R. C. Youngberg 

Associate 

C. L. Anderson 
E. M. Christensen 
J. W. Payne 

Courtesy 
Margaret Austin 
O. D. Baab 

E. S. Baxter 

A. E. Bricker 
J. A. Conner 
J. W. Ertl 

D. J. Freriks 
T. P. Froehlke 
T. W. Hill 
Gerda Irving 

F. R. Johnson 

E. J. Justema 
R. T. Kearney 
Alexander Kolomijcew 
Abbie R. Lukens 

T. C. McDougal 

G. G. Moran 
W. A. Moore 

B. B. Newman 



E. E. Nyman 

R. C. Oldfield, Jr. 
C. J. O'Neill 
L. F. Peterson 
R. J. Schilling 
L. W. Schneider 
W. J. Schnute 
J. A. Schoenberger 
J. P. Schweitzer 

F. F. Shewmake 
Harkishen Singh 
Fred Sinkovits 
R. M. Steinberg 
M. J. Summerville 

G. R. Swanson 

B. F. Ward 
Norman Young 

Consulting 

A. G. Anderson 
O. D. Baab 
L. A. Baker 
J. W. Clark 
W. S. Dye 
Frank Jirka 

F. R. Johnson 
T. F. Kruchek 
P. R. Latta 
R. P. Mackay 
E. D. Maxon 
J. J. Moore 
Charles Mrazek 

G. H. Mundt, Jr. 
H. R. Oberhill 

C. J. O'Neill 
R. W. Poborsky 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 



95 



W. J. Schnute 
Louis Schukz 
Robert Stokes 
W. S. Walsh 



Honorary 
R. D. Barclay 

Dentists 
R. A. Anderson 



E. J. Budill 
L. M. Butler 
N. B. Carle 
S. W. Cotter 
K. W. Grundset 



DEPARTMENT SUPERVISORS 



Administrator 
Assistant Administrator 
Office Manager 
Personnel Director R: Public 

Relations 
Purchasing Agent 
Chaplain 
Director of Nurses 
Assistant Director of Nurses 
Educational Director 
Supervisors: 

Central Supply 

Physical Therapy 

Men's Hydrotherapy 

Operating Room 

Maternity Floor 

Medical Floors 

Surgical Floor 

Psychiatric Floor 

Pediatrics 

Anesthesia 
Plant Operations 
Chief Engineer 
Pharmacy 
Laboratory 
X-Ray 

Record Office 

Admitting and Information 
Dietitian 
Chef and Steward 
Executive Housekeeper 



A. C. Larson 
O. T. Moline 
R. L. Pelton 

A. W. Vandeman 
R. K. McAllister 

D. W. Anderson 
Mrs. Evelyn Nelson 
Mrs. Eva Maude Martin 
Gladys Passebois 

Mary Yamazaki 
Stella C. Peterson 
L. E. Peterson 
Elsie Wendth 
Edna Shelburg 
Evelyn Wiik 
Viola Carleton 
Vesta Peterson 
Willma Pekinpaugh 
Lela Harper 
V. P. Lovell 
C. I. Flyte 
Harry Fouts 
L. C. Mapes 

E. L. Graff 

Mrs. Erma McDole 

Eva Pitcher 

Mrs. Doris Batchelder 

Robert Hallifax 

Mrs. Alvia Montgomery 



96 Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 

YEARS OF LOYAL SERVICE 

50 years or more 
Pedersen, Anna (53 yrs.) 

20 years or more 

Flyte, Clarence (25 yrs.) 

Harper, Lela (22 yrs.) 

Heisel, Ruth (24 yrs.) 

Peterson, Cora 24 yrs.) 

Peterson, Lorenz (24 yrs.) 

Peterson, Stella (22 yrs.) 

Saturley, Otha (20 yrs.) 

Shelburg, Edna (29 yrs.) 

Wiik, Evelyn (24 yrs.) 

Graff, Mr. and Mrs. Edwin (20 yrs.) 

Mead, Mr. and Mrs. Melville (20 yrs.) 

NURSES' ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 

809 Graduates since 1908 — Active members now 527. 

Object No. 1: To enable us, through an organized body, more ef- 
fectively to guard and foster the principles and ideals which called 
us into this profession. 

OFFICERS 
President Miss Marydean Rayborn 1956 

Vice President Miss Dolores Elmer 1955 

Recording Secretary Mrs. Erma Series Associate 

Corresponding Secretary Mrs. Ruth Miller-Busch 1954 

Asst. Corresponding Secy. Mrs. Vesta Bishop Associate 

Treasurer Mrs. Beatrice Jonhston Associate 

OTHER SANITARIUM ORGANIZATIONS 
BLUE FEATHER— Open to any employee who wishes to join. 
Members pay dues toward a fund used to buy remembrances for em- 
ployees who ar€ ill and for gifts of appreciation to older employees 
leaving. 

EMPLOYEE COUNCIL — A committee of employees chosen from 
various departments without respect to job held, who assist in directing 
employee activities. 

CAMERA CLUB — This is a hobby club which teaches and pro- 
motes good photography. 



Index 



Abernatliy, W. E 41 

Academy, the 34, 39, 43, 49 

Aides, nurses 55 

Alkire, Laura 27 

Alumni Association officers 96 

Alumni, School of Nursing 70 

American College of Surgeons 

44, 51 

American Medical Missionary 

College 12 

Anderson, B. N. Jr., Mrs 61 

Andre, H 41 

Andre, Rosa 27, 70 

Andrews, Dr. L. L 53 

Arbogast, George 60, 61 

Auxiliary departments 75 

Barber, Dr. Ora 34 

Barber, Walter, Mrs 68 

Barclay, J. S 55 

Barclay, Dr. R. D 53 

Battle Creek Sanitarium 

10, 13, 14, 32 

Baumrucker, George O., Mrs. 69 

Bebb, Dr. W. S 53 

Beckwith, C. G 15 

Birkenstock, Dr. C. F 44 

Black, Dr. P. G 53 

Bliss, W. E 49 

Bloum, H. P 55 

Board of Directors, 1956 93 

Bowen, L. M 49 

Brayshaw, Dr. F. M 51, 55 

Bretz, Dr. E. W 53 

Brick addition, 1919 53, 38, 70 

Bricker, Dr. A. E 53 

Bunker, Jane K., Mrs 61 

Campbell, M. V 53 

Carleton, V 55 

Carr, Dr. J. W 53 

Carroll, Walter 60 



Carter, Judge O. N 22 

Charitable organizations, 

contemporary 46 

Chatficld, Louise 55 

Chief executive officers, 

1904 - 1956 93 

Childrens' clinic 64, 69 

Childs, Hon. R. A 22 

Christian, J. W 42, 44, 47, 49 

Christian, Lewis H 18 

Church, new S.D.A 70 

Civic Advisory Council 60 

Clarke, Dr. J. C 53 

Clarke, John D 60 

Clough, Caroline L. 18, 27, 41, 52 

Clough, Dr. W. C 41 

Clowes, Dr. L. C 53 

Cobb, M., Mrs 42 

Coombs, Samuel 11 

Corner-stone 63 

Cost of hospitalization 77 

Covert, William 27 

Cummings, Jay W 18 

Dahl, O. J 55 

David, Doris 41 

Dedeker, Louise 41 

Dedication, 1905 22 

Dedication, 1955 76 

Department supervisors, 1956.. 95 

Depression, effects of 47-50 

Dessain, Charles 42 

Dick, Dr. P. G 53 

Diphtheria epidemic 29 

Discipline 39 

Discounting procedure 43 

Dyas, Dr. F. G 51, 53 

Dynes, O. W., Mrs 76 

Ehrler, Dr. G. G 53 

Emergency room 74 

Employee organizations, 1956.. 96 

(97) 



98 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 



Entertainment 23, 29, 34, 69, 70 

Family Night 69, 70 

Farm, near La Grange 46, 69 

Faurot, William S., Mrs 67, 68 

Feldott, Dr. H. R 53 

Financing of the new 

hospital 57-62 

Flaiz, Theodore R 76 

Fogarty, Auwell, Mrs 68 

Ford Foundation 77 

Ford, Harold, Mrs 67, 68 

Ford, H. E 38, 42, 49, 54 

Ford, Newell 60 

Foreman, Myrtle 55 

Fowler, Volney B 60 

Frank, Dr. W. W 49, 51, 53 

Fugard, Burt, Wilkinson & Orth 59 

Fund-raising committee 60 

Galbraith, Norman 61 

Gardiner, Dr. J. A 53 

Garrett, R. U 41, 49 

Gaston, Lucy Page 28 

Gaylord, A. C 27, 28 

Gaylord, A. C, Mrs 34 

Gift Shop 68 

Good Samaritan Inn 20, 39 

Gourley, Dr. W. W 53 

Graefe, A. C 42 

Graff, Edwin 55 

Green, E. L 55 

Griesman, Fred 55 

Gunsaulus, Dr. Frank 27 

Harper, Lela 55 

Harrison, R. M 55 

Harter, E. E 49 

Heppes, J. 62 

Hervig, Robert H 59, 71 

Herwehe, Helen 55 

Hess, C. W 41 

Hill, W. B 80 

Hinsdale, Illinois 16 

Hinsdale Sanitarium & Benevo- 
lent Association 16, 18, 19 

Hinsdale Village Players 62 

Holden, W. H 49, 53 



HoHister, M. A 44, 49 

Home for girls 24, 27, 39, 43 

Hoopes, L. A 41, 42 

Hoopes, Vera 41 

Hopkins, Dr. J. W 41 

Ilopwood, Frank, Mrs 67 

Hoskin, G. S 49, 54 

Hospers, Dr. A. J 53 

Howard, Pearl W 26 

Hoyt, Horace E 18, 25, 28 

Hrdina, Joseph L., Mrs 69 

Janda, R. W., Mrs 69 

Jeffers, Nellie 34 

Jeffers, Rex 42 

Jessie Tupper Hall 70 

Johnson, A. W 55 

Johnson, F. F 34 

Johnson, F. F., Mrs 34 

Johnson, Lawrence Jr., Mrs 68 

Keller, Fred J 60 

Kellogg, Dr. John H. 

10-12, 18, 22, 27, 46 

Kendall, Mary 66 

Kettering, Charles F 76 

Kettering, Eugene W 58, 60 

Kettering, Eugene W., Mrs. 

58, 61, 66, 67, 68, 79 

Kettering Foundation 76 

Kimbell, C. B 14-20 

Kitchen 55 

Klose, Amy 55 

Klug, Alfred 41 

Laboratories 72 

Lake Union Conference 53, 56, 57 

Lamson, J. G 38, 42 

Lane, Richard 11, 28 

Larson, A. C 71 

LaRue, Dr. R. E 51 

Leff, Dr. C. J 53 

Lenheim, L. E 55, 61 

Life Boat City Center 42 

Life Boat Magazine 13, 45, 46 

Life Boat Mission 10, 45, 46, 47 

Livingston, Parke C 60 

Lord, Judith Ann 64 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 



99 



LowTy, Clyde 18 

Lueders, Dr. A. H 51. 53 

Mackey, Tom 11 

Magill. Perry 60 

Magill, Perry, Mrs 67 

Magoon, Lauretta A 26 

Mallernee, V. J 41 

Manning, Dr. R. F 53 

Manor, Norine M., Mrs 61 

Marhoefer, E. H., Jr 62 

Marshall, B. C 55 

Martin, Dr. Franklin H 52 

Maternity Department 73 

Matthies, Dr. R. A 53 

McClean, Herbert, Mrs 68 

Medical Auxiliary 68 

Medical Staff, organization 51 

Medical Staff, 1957 94 

Mesick, Mae H 26 

Metcalf, Gordon 61 

Millar, Neal, Mrs 68 

Moline, O. T 71 

Moore, Dr. J. J 53 

Morris, E. A 41, 44, 49 

Morse, Dr. J. F 41 

National Hospital Day 70 

Neall, Dr. J. H 41, 44 

Nelson, William 61 

Nether)', J. J 53, 54, 55 

Nurses' dormitory 70 

Nurses' training 23, 41, 43, 69 

Oak Brook 62, 68 

Occupational therapy 30, 73 

Opening of neAv hospital 63 

Osborne, C. R 59, 61, 62 

Otis, F. J 18 

Pacific Garden Mission 10 

Patients20, 21,32. 34. 38, 57, 

63, 69, 77 

Paulson, Dr. David 9-35, 45, 70 

Paulson Hall 70 

Paulson, Julius 37, 38, 41 

Paulson, Dr. Mary 12, 18, 27, 52, 79 

Paulson Memorial Hall 12 

Paulson, N. W 18, 42. 44. 47. 49 



Pearsall, R. E 60 

Pearsons, D. K 25, 26 

Pedersen, Anna 18, 70, 96 

Pediatric Department 72 

Peterson. Dr. P. G 53 

Peterson, Dr. P. L 53 

Peterson, Stella 55 

Physical therapy 74 

Poliomyelitis epidemic, 1949 58, 59 
Poliomyleitis, equipment.... 59, 73 

Pratt, Peggy 62 

Prisoners, work among.. I 1, 30, 45 
Professional women's residence 77 

Properties, value of, 1956 77 

Psychiatric Department 73 

Ragsdale, Edna 41 

Razing of old buildings 64 

Rice, C. E 49 

Rice, M. L 62, 76 

Richards, Charles 63 

Roberts, Arnie 55 

Sadler, W. S 18. 23, 24, 29 

Sanitarium movement, early.... 33 

Santee, Lillian 27 

Schilt, Clarence, Mrs 69 

Schultz, Dr. C. E 53 

Serns, M. H 29 

Service, years of 96 

Seventh-day Adventists 32, 33 

Shelburg, Edna 55, 64 

Simpson, G. H 44 

Small, Dr. C. S 53 

Spanish influenza 37 

Spohr, R., Mrs 55 

Stanton, Herbert, Mrs 69 

Stevenson, D. C 42 

Store, general 35 

Surgery 71 

Swanson, Hannah 26. 27, 42 

Symonds, N. M 62 

Taylor, Norman C 62, 71 

Treatments, early 35 

Treatments, present day 71-75 

Tupper, Jessie S 44, 55 

University of Illinois 64 



100 



Hinsdale Sanitarium and Hospital 



Vandeman, A. W 76 Willstead, Dr. O. D. 

Van Dorn, E. B 18, 27 

Van Verst, Dr. P. H 53 

Walter, W. J 41 

Ward, J. Mackenzie, Mrs 67 

Weber, Dr. F. S 53 

Welford, Dr. N. T 53 

West, Dr. W. K 53 

Wiik, Evelyn 55 



53 

Wilson, Hon. Alonzo E 22 

Winchell, M. A 18, 27, 45 

Wolfsen, Dr. W. H. 28, 30, 34, 37 
Women's Service Board.. 66-68, 69 
World Wars, 

influence of 37, 38, 54, 56 

Worsley, Dr. E. F 53 

Wright, S. E 49 



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7-GREENHOUSE 
A-REST COTTAGE 12-TUPPER HALL 

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5-MAINTENANCE 13-KNOLLWOOD 

IWOOD HALL BUILDING 9-MAIN HOSPITAL 

6-OAK LAWN K-SHAOY NOOK 

lO-PAULSON HALL 

15-HILLSIDE 



16-HILLCREST 
17-KIMBALL 
18-THE INN 
19-HlGHLAND HALL 
20-5UNRISE 
21-MOLINE COTTAGE 



22-EASTVIEW 



23-PARKVIEW