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Full text of "Historia graeca: Recensuit et praefatus est Ludovicus Dindorfuis"

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HENO^iiNTOS 

EAAHNIKA. 



XENOPHONTIS 

HISTORIA GRAECA. 

REOBNSUIT BT PRAEFATUS BST 

LUDOVICUS DINDOBFIUS. 



EDITIO TERTIA EMENDATIOR. 



LIPSIAE 

IN AEDIBUS B. G. TEUBNERI. 
MDCCCLXXXII. 



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PRAEFATIO. 



Tertium mihi repetenti lianc Historiae Graecae editioneRL 
In qua per dao priores maxime libros iain sedusi multa quae 
tanquam a Xenopliontis ingenio eiusque liistoriae consilio alie- 
nissima notayeram in editione Oxoniensi, liac praefatione non- 
nulla tantum sunt attingenda quae illis niliilo videntur meliora 
aut Xenoplionte digniora. Nam etsi codices quibus utimur 
Ilistoriae Graecae neque correctorum tantam produnt licentiam 
quantam libri Anabasis neque eo sunt squalore obducti quo 
illampaullatimpurgavi, quippe multo minus quam Anabasis lecti- 
tatae neque novitiorum magistrorum ita ut illa ineptiis ouera- 
tae, minime tamen liberisunt partim minutis quibusdam ad 
verba Xenophontis appendicibus partim aliis magis minusve 
gravibus vitiis, insuperque lacunis multo pluribus quam illius 
libri sunt deformati. 

Ac primum 1, 1, 31, quae mterponuntur de Hermocrate 
Syracusano: ^Ek tovr<ov E(^fioxQ(irfig ra nollii iv r^ cvvs- 
SqI^ Bvioiei Xiyetv n dox£v fwl ^ovXbvhv ru KQariCra. 
[ii€nfiyo(^ili5€tg dh TiaCaqdQvovg iv jiaxidaliiovt *EQfiOKQarfigj 
fia(^vQo€vrog aal 'AarvoxoVf mA do^ag rie ovra XiysiVy 
ifpiKOfisvog fca(^a ^aQvafiatov, nq\v alrijcai x^^^tjfnara Xa- 
fiav^ naQBiSKSvaiiro nqog t^i/ slg ZvQanovcag %a^o6ov li- 
vovg T£ Koi rqiYK^ug^ iv rovrtj) 6h tiKOv ot diaioxoi rmv £v' 
qanooCanf dg MiXvftov xorl naqiXafiov rag vavg Kal ro fSrQa- 
rivfia, ea non solum propter duplex 'E(>fiOx^ari^, sed etian 
si deleatur alterum, propler se ipsa locumque quem occupanl 
iure sunt eiusmodi visa ut cuiusvis potius sint quam Xeno- 
phontis. Cuius de narrationibus confusis saepe et ieiunis, et 

a* 



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rV PEAEPATIO. 

rursus nimis ampiis, etsi inde a Palmerio multi sunt conquesti. 
haec tamen quae hic interponuntur quam praepostere sint 
Ulata iam Schneiderus exposuit pluribusque ostendit Brflck- 
nerus in Diar. stud. antiq. 1839, p. 396, qui sic: MVix expli- 
cabilem hic locus difficultatem obiicit Tissaphemem enim 
quod accusavisse dicitur Hermocrates Lacedaemone, integro 
fere anno e Thucydide (8, 85) constat ante factum esse. Quo 
si caussam explicari dicat, quaPhamabazi ille sibi gratiam con- 
ciliaverit, longius haecpetita explicatio fuerit, quum etplures 
et graviores caussas ex ipsius Xenophontis de his rebus nar- 
ratione cogitare liceat, quibus gratiam istam inierit, quam illa 
fuit mter utrumque satrapam inimicitia, cuius in prioribus 
liis libris ne mentio quidem ulla a Xenophonte facta est. Sup- 
posititia igitur ceiisemus haec v€rba habenda et adseripta ess% 
ab eo, qui Hermocratem e Thuoydide nosset Tissaphemis apud 
Lacedaemonios accusatorem ^titisse, et caussam inde invenire 
sibi videretur, qua Phamabaxus, quippe infestus illi, tam be- 
nigne eum excepisset. Sunt vero etiara in reliquis, in quibus 
iure oiTendamus. luraverunt enim, quura dimittebantur duces 
Syracusani, plerique trierarcharum reversos se in patriam re- 
vocandos etiam iUos caraturos esse. Hoe itaiam negligttur 
ut copias dioatur Hermocrates contraxis9e quibus illum a dvi- 
bus reditum vi extorqueret. Vere id eum feeisse Diodorus 
docet uberius, a Xenophonte autem, ut qui contrafa antea nar- 
rasset, nonuisi ita tradi poterat. ut qM eum movisset a^ioe- 
retur. Accedit quod iv toxnm di i^xov ot dtHoxpi etc, quae 
verba referri non possuot nisi ad tempus illud, quo Hermo- 
crates, pecunia a Phamabaeo adiutus, conducebat nrilites, non 
congraunt superioiibus illis i^vav (duces Syracusanoram) 
t(0£ iq>Uov%o ot avx instvav (ftgmifyol, nlsi quis hic scri- 
bendum exisUmat iiplitoivtOt quo tollatur illa repugnantia. 
Vd sic tamen mimm fuerit quod Iffileti novi duces copias suas 
assecuti esse dicuntur, quo quemadomodum illae venerint, nou 
Iraditur. Poterat autem hoc quoque recipi e Thucydide (8, 85). 
Hileti Syracusanam dassem traditam esse referente. Sat pro- 
babiies, puto, caussae, quibus Xenophonti haec abiudicentur.*' 
Non minus inexplicabilis eiusdem Hermocratis inter lega- 
tos Spartanorum ad regem Persarum commemoratio 1. 3, 13: 
^EnoQivovto 6h nal ylccKedatfiovtatv ytQiapsig Haamntite^ 



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PRABFATJO. V 

ml hsQ^iy (Uti ih xovttov 'EQfionffati^g ^^ ^vymu in 
£vifmnovOmv 9 xal idtlqAg avTOv IlQo^ivog, %al <Pia^v«- 
^tog ^ tovtovg n^w^ qiium 1, 1, 32 sit: JlwttfmUtcg 6 
Au%w S^pvytv in Zfti^g^ et de eodem hic 1 , d, 17 
seqiiatur: iViflfv^ ovkUiicov^ ui fioav iv t^'ElXifin6vtf aXXut 
aXl^ xataXiXimiUvai tp^qUiQ vno IlaOutTdiov %al iv 
^Avtaviifp, Quae qui ita expedire studuerunt ut non solum 
alium Pasippidam, sed etiam alium Hermocratem, non Syra- 
cusanum, quem reditum in patriam molientem Diodorus 13, 63, 
75, periisse narrat, sed Spartanum, hic did putarent delerent- 
que illa ^^ ^vynv i% £v^%ovavvy liaud dubie Aetliiopem 
laverunt. Nam si flermocrates hic non fuit Syracusanus , sed 
Spartanus, inepta est legatorum, qui omnes Spartani fuerunt, 
in duas partes distinctio, secus quam fit a Xenophonte 1, 4, 2: 
0/ AoMdaiiAOvlmv nQiofiag Boimiog %al ot fut^ avtov. 
Deinde tota illa Spartanorum ad regem Persarum legatiasuper 
vacua videtur, quum 1, 4, 2 dicantur legatis liis cum Phama 
bazo MOQivo^Uvoig naga fia^iXia obviam facti of Aa%saap* 
fLOvlonv nQhfing Boimtog %ai ot fut avtov %al otalXot 
ayyiXot, qui tXiyov ottAwudai^oviOi navtmv mv (legendum» 
opinor, navd'^ cov, ut navd'* ooafUQ pro nivtag oMiQ re- 
stitui Gyrop. 7, 5, 85) iiovtai mnqayotig iUv nuqa /^tfi- 
iUflog. Itaque in his quoque fraudem subesse tanto credibiiius 
quod apud Thucydidem 8, 85, ex parte eadem sunt verba 
quae in his, et ut supra notatis shnillimum est illud ttiqmv 
fjpiovtwv ig trjv MlXritov ot^vjyAv^ ita liic positis eiusdem 
qwyiit ^^ ovti t^ ^Eqfumifitii. Ac praestat haud dubie 
talia abiicere et siinilibus relinquere interpolatoribus qualem 
infra Pirddiemerum coarguam quam operam perdere in ezpli- 
candis iis tanquam Xenophontis quae neque explicari neque 
scripta ab illo esse possunt 

Aeque inexplicabile quod 1, 5, 19 : Tovg (ihv a^y|xa- 
Xcitovg anavtag titioav ji^rpfaZoi^ tov ih aQXOvta avtdov 
(narium Thurinarum) A(OQiia, ovta {uv ^PoiiOv, niXas il 
tpvyiia il '^^ifvab/ %al ^Poiov vno ^A^vatwv nati^ipio^'' 
vmv avtov ^ivatov %al t£v i%ilvov ovyyivmv^ noXttivovta 
naq avtotg (Thurinis) iXnfOavtig itpiioav, Dorieus Athe- 
nis simul et Rhodo pulsus dicitur ab Atheniensibus, quem un- 
quam Atheniensem fuisse propter ea quae de yita eius cognita 



yGoogle 



VI PBAEFATIO. 

sunt et de eodem fuerant 1, 1, 2, prorsus est incredibile, ut 
nisi utrumque nomeu , certe A^vmv kccI sit ezpungendum, 
fictum ab eo qui non intelllgeret quomodo Rliodius ab Atlie- 
niensib. 8 palria pelli potuerit. Neque iuiuria suspecta fue- 
runt illa noXtuvovxcc TtaQ* civTotgj parum commode inter- 
posita. Nam multa eiusmodi minuta additamenta inserta 
sunt verbis Xenopbontis, quorum nonnulla meliores libri re- 
darguunt, sed sunt etiam quae cum ceteris babeantconununia. 
Velut 1,1,22: 'Ewsv^ev d' ig>t%6fUvot tijg Kalx^iidovUcg $ig 
XQvaoTtoXtv iulxtaav avrijvj xal deKatevriii^tov iuxxiifKsva- 
aav iv avty [luct f^v 6s%atriv il^iXByov'] twv in tov Ilovtov 
nXoimv^ %al gwlaxtiv iyKcctaktTtovtig vavg tqtanovta imcI 
(StQaxniym dvo, BtiQafiivfj mcI Evfiaxov^ tov ts x^oqIov int- 
fieXito&at nal tmv ixTtXBovtcav nXolcov xal iXtt &XXo6vvatv* 
to pxdntetv tovg noXefilovg [ot d' aXXot atQcctfjyot] eig tov 
^EXXrjonovtov foi^ovTO. Quae sublatis demum iis quae bic se- 
clusi non erunt ita dicta quasi qui illud denuzevtviQtov xate- 
axevuaav iidem ri^v dexdtriv exegerint, aut antequam abirent 
g>vXaKriv potuerint iyxataXelnetVy quae cum sequentibus esse 
coniungenda ipsa monstrat inanis nunc particula naC^ quam 
qui deletam voluerunt occultarunt potius quam sustulerunt 
loci vitium, quem respidt Socrates Hist. eccl. 7, 26, p. 374, 8 : 
XQvcsonoXtg inlvHOv uqx^^ov iattv, o xettat fihf iv uqxV 
tov BoiSn6qov^ fiifivrivtat d' atttov noXXol twnaXatmv 
OvyyQag>icDVj Ztqa§cav te xat o JafiaaKfjyog NtxoXaog^ %al 
iv Xoyotg 6i ^avfiaatog S^otpmv iv te t^ Sxf^ tijg 
KvQOv 'Avapdaecng xat iv rij nQcifd '^^ ^EXXrjyinmv gyriat 
neql avtrlg ott ^AXKtPtddrig anotetxCaag avtijfv denatev^ 
tiJQtov iv avty ncctiatriae * tdg ydq dexdtag otano tov nov' 
tov nXiovteg iv ainy naQetxov^ et vitium in eo coarguil 
alioqui tuto latitaturum. Haud dubie enim restituendum 
%axiatriaav pro xateaKevaaaVy ut Pollux 8, 132 ponit: 
Kal dexativti^Qta 6i note Kutiatriaavy ex hoc loco, ut pu- 
labat Toup. Emend. vol. 1, p. 118. Ita infra 7, 2, 23. xa> 
taatriadfuvot restitui pro KataaKevaadfievot, quod eodem est 
modo depravatum C]rrop. 8. 6, 9. Nam hoc potius quam iliud 
legitimum de constituendis magistratibus et similibus mune- 
ribus verbum. 

Sed ut novitiis multis impostoribus ludibrio fuit Xeno* 



yGoogle 



PBAEFATIO. 7ir 

phon, de nihilo ficla commenta ei sua supponentibus , ut de 
Anabasi ostendi in fictis quibusdam etus fragmentis praef. ad 
ed. Oxon. p. XXX, de Historia Graeca in codicis Veneti item 
de nihilo fictis ineptiis praef. ad Hist. Gr. ed. Oxon. p. VIII s., 
ita correctorum illorum ea fuit infelicitas simul et tementas ut 
quae facillime possent corrigi gravissime saepe corrumperent. 
Kam ut hic nihil nisi prava interpunctio post noXefilovg cor- 
rectorem decepit, ita in Anabasi 2, 5, 13: Alyvmlovg di, 
olg [uihctoi vfiag vvv yiyvcicKa te^ncnfiivovgy ovx o^flo 
icola dvvdpLet (Svfifucva xqYfii^t^evoi, iiaXkov Sv xoXdaaiGd-e 
t^g vvv cvv i(iol ovcfjgy similis perversitas interpunctionis 
fecit ut non solum ovXj sed etiam quod omissum in optimo 
vvv ytyvciiSKm adderetur. Xenophon enim haud dubie 
scripserat: Alyvntlovg Sl^ olg (idXtata vfiag tedvficofiivovg 
OQmy Tcol^ dvvttfiei avfiftdxo) XQV^^l*'^'^^'' (Ji^^^ov av aoXd' 
cata^e v^g vvv avv ifiol ovarig ; Qualia commenta ubi ab ipsis 
libris ita redarguuntur ut infra 3, 3, 1 : 'Ett^I dh (ig ela^e^ 
Cav ai iffUqaty quod infelix addidit corrector TcaqHX^ov^ 
quum vitium iateat in mg elco^eaav pro mcimd^ricav 
illato, quod verbum ab Aelio Dionysio, ut infra dicam, hinc ex- 
cerptum repetiit Photius; et 4, 8, 12: 'H Tcal anoctiivai av 
itQog iavtovgy ubi ab optimis omissum Ttelceuiv moustrat 
anoctijcaiy facile fraus deprehenditur. Quo de genere praeter 
alia videtur quod 7, 5, 22 : ^Bjjte£ ye fi^v naqayaymv tovg 
inl ^iqayg mqevofiivovg Xoxovg elg fiitcmov laxvgov inoc^- 
tf«ro ro neql iavtov Sfi^oXov, tote dr] avaXa^eiv naqayyeC- 
Xag td onXa riyetto , deest in uno avaXaPetv: Unde corri- 
gendum esse naqayyelXag elg td onXa^ ut Anab. 1, 5, 13: 
Ev^vg TtaqayyiXXet elg td onXa, satis est probabile, ut idem 
verbum 6, 4, 37: ^Efivqateve rijv ^ldaovog yvvaiKa dvaXa- 
fietv^ delevit Stephanus. 

Sed sunt etiam libris omnibus communia, quorum nihilo 
melior est ratio. 1, 6, 16 : Katidav 6h avtov dvayofievov 
Sfia r^ fjfiiqa* idlcmevy vnotefivofievog tov elg Zdfiov 
nlovv^ htmg fiff izetae (pvyoi, verba postrema, sequente mox 
Kivcav d' Sg>evye tatg vavalv ev nXeovaaigj haud dubie 
novitii sunt scholiastae , quae ne Photius quidem quem de- 
scripsit habuisse videtur, qui : ^Tnotefivofievog tov nXovVf 
avtl tov did tciv awtoficatdtmv nXicaVy tvtt nataXdfi^q tiv 



yGoogle 



Vm PRAEFATIO. 

dimtofuvov ovTtog Sevog^mv tpvfi^Vy etsi ille npn cepUyim 
voc^uli, sive idem est Aeiius, de ^uo modo dLd, sive alius. 

1, 7, 31. xC tovtoov oifx tyuiviig Kocl ^ylco^ iTtffi^av; 
Deleu^um esse ml Kai£g ostendi ad GommenU 4, 1» 5, ubi 
libri ^ K4ifXcog ^ [^vcag et Stobaeus twtv&g ^ ^^yig. Pla- 
ton^m» qui toties simplici usus est fnavAg^ ^trum crecUbilius 
sit Polit. p. 284, P : Oti il ntfog ra vvv xaXcp^ ml huvmq 
isiKwtQfi donst (^ fiofi&siv (if^yaXoTtifiitAg i/jtirv ovroc o 
Ao^o^* Gonv. p. 177» E: ^Eccv ol tcqoc^sv iKavmg wjtl xa- 
Xng sfytfoatv^ scripsisse, an lus quoque locis sol\^m tmvmg^ 
non opus ei$t dici, quupn Men^x. p. 239, ^, iKccvmg pro 
KciXcSg ez libris sit rest|tutum. 

2, 1, 15. TtQoa^cildv noXei Ksd^ilaig ty v0tiqaUt 
itQOcBoX^ %tna Kqaxog atQst, Hanifesto toUendum TtQqc- 
§oXy^ quod neque cum v<fts(falf et multo ipinus cum Tiata 
xQcctog potest coniungi. 

3, 4, 11. ^Ttel 6s (iiya q>Q0viq6a$ 6 TtaaagfiQvtig inl 
rra Kaxapdvxt <5xqaxsv(iaxk itccqa PaifiXic^g y delepdum cum 
Agesilao 1, 13, TtaQcc paaiXicng, ductum ez s. 6, axQaxsv(ia 
TtoXv TtaQcc PaaiXicng (isxsni(insxo, Sic eQii^ 3, 4, 17» 
a^iav 6i nal oXriv xriv noXtv iv ri f(v xfjv "Ecpsaov &iag 
inolrfiev eieci in Agesili^p omissum r^vTE^i^aov, ut 3, 4, 14, 
ad slg avxmv ascripti^n UsQacSvy et 6, 1, 5, ad xtiv v(isxiQav 
noXiv quod in libris additur ^ccQaaXov, Quomodo illatum 
6, 5, 36 : Ov yciQ adiarjaavxGfv ag)cov imaxQccxsvouv ot ^Aq- 
naSsg xoig AaKsdai(iov(oig ^ perverse post ag>cov in ipso 
rum Lacedaemoniorum uratione ro^^ jiaxsdai(iovlQi,g recte de 
letur. Saepius sic inlerpolatus Thucydides, ut 1, 53: Ot (ih 
6rj xotavxa stnov • x£v dh Ksqkvq^oov xo (lev axQaxonsiov 
oaov in^Kovasv avsfiorjasvj ubi iam olim delevi KsQKVQalmv, 
et 1, 144, fti} ag>iat xoig Aa%eSai(iiOvlot.g intxr(de(ci>g avxo- 
vo(ieta^ai, deletum rori^ ApmeSaijkOvloig^ idemque 2, 72: 
*T(ieig Sl noXiv (ilv nal oh(ag ri(nlv naQccSoxs xotg Aans- 
Sai(iovloig^ et 4, 114: OvS^ av ag>&v nsiQaaa^iivovg avxovg 
xc5v AaHsSat(iov(ci>v Soxstv rjoaov . . svvovg av ag>(at ysvi' 
a^aty item deletum est xcov AaKsScct(iov(a>v ^ et 8,46: 
^Ano (ihv ag>av xav 'EXXi^vav iXsvd^SQOvv vvv xovq '"'EHi^ 
vag^ aito S* ixstvcnv xcov ^aQf^aQfav (irj iXsv^SQmaat ^ omis- 
flum in Yaticano ineptum xcov fiaQpdQcov^ quo sublato etiam 



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PBABPATIO. IX 

T(Sv 'ElX^ijvw toUendum tanquam scholion. Apud Herodo- 
lura 1, 4: 4^a; iikhf i^ tiyvg i% t^ Utf% kiyovai niqoai 
i^mtSoiU^fm jwy yvvmn&v Xoyov oidivu m^rfim^^at^ 
quam «ipt pmarse dicta llla rovg i% t^^ ^Achig^ aensit Len* 
Ungius, sed Don animadvertit ez margine esse illata. 

5, 2, 4. inBl ik i^ilQffaajo 4 "^^99^9 iafpecXag ^ri 
hvkX^ tH%og m(^ r^ noXiv ^itoiofifiQiv. Ubi quod me- 
liores , non omnlBO liberi aoholiis quibusdam sibi peculiaribus, 
addunt mw^ Scbneideil confirmare emendationem nvitXov 
non dubitabil qui «ut libri optinu 5, 2» 5, fi^ n&sovtogni^ xov 
%vnXtp %$(xf^g ioQiiXcntot yhoivxo seripturam %v%Xov 
ulpivg contulerit, quae t$lxovg esse ascriptum prodit ad 
KVKloVf aut Anab. 3, 4 11: ^Eml ^i tccvtji inantodofirivo 
nUv^ivov titxog, to iihv evgiog nBW^Mvta noddSvy ti 
di vilfog inmiv tov 6h nvxXov if n$QMog %i naqaxsiy- 
yai^ nudiorum scripturam tsl%ovg pro hvkXov^ de moenibus 
sic dicto H. Gr. 4 4, 11, et alibi saepe. Apud Tkucydidem 6, 
99, 1 : 0[ (Ah itslx^i^v vmv ^A^ffifalmv to nqog fioifiav toi/ 
TtvxXov^teixogj tstxog in nonnuUis ante rov xvkXov posituui 
ez margine esse illatum facile credet qui praeter alios locos 
Tbucydideoscontulerit ib. 98, 2 : 'ExciQOw nQog f^v 'EQvnriv 
oVA^i^dooi^ tvmuQ %a%$iomvo$ itilxiaap tov %v%Xov ita 
taxovg^ ubi unus vicissim i%v%Xciaav pro it$lxusav. 

5, 4, 2. rpf t$g QiXXUag, Sg iyQafifiatsvB toig mQi 
^AqxUtv 7toXi(MCQxoig, quod est, niliilo melius videtur ilio 
quod Platonis Sophistae initio est : ^Etaigov tmv afupi iZor^- 
fuvldriv %al Zrjviiava ttaigwv, ubi kalqtov redundat. ul 
hic noXBfKOQxo^S i quum continuo sequatur ^Aqx^'^ ^^v 
noXefuxQXPvvta. Atque etiam 2, 3, 46: 01 afig>i AQ&atotiXri 
%ai AkXavd-tov %ai ^AglataQXOv ctQatrjfovvteg (paviQoi 
tyivovjo ifd t^ %o>|[i<^^^ iQVfia tnxlSovtig, illud OtQatifyovV' 
tig scholiasta potius dignum quam Tlieramene caussam in 
tenatu dicente. Qualia in Anabasi quum alibi saepe addita 
tum, ut videtur, 2, 5, 18 : Ov toaavta oQrj OQati vfuv ovta 
noQivtia^ a rfftZv l^nfti nQO%ataXafiov0iv anoQa vfuv naQ* 
ix$^Vf ubi quum G. pr. habuerit nQO%ataXafi§avovtig^ id 
ipjum negligenter posuisse videtur qui hoc ascriberet. Simile 
quid vide infra 7, 4, 84. 

6, 1, 5. iivovg Ixm fucd^og^oQOvg, Etsi haec coniun- 



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X PBAEFATIO. 

gunt interdum recenliores, hic tamen ipsa vocabuli fno^o^ 
g^oQOvg incerta in libris sedes ez margine iilatum prodit quod 
Xenophon quidem cum ilio nunquam coniuniit. Nec Thucy- 
dides 3, 109 scripserat : BovK6(iSvog '^dmcat rovg ^A^Lnqa- 
XitoTccg tB Kca xov fuo^og^OQOv oxlov xov ^evixov, sed vov 
oxlov, ut videtur, quum alterum sufficiat, 

6» 4, 3. iTCsl ovv ^Wero ovx 07t<og xitg mXiig iipiivxag, 
aXX^ ovdh xo (fxQccxsvfia dittXvovxccg, &g avxsxccxxovxo nQog 
avxovgf ovxco drj aysi xriv oxqaxiav slg ti}v Bomxlav^ non 
ag avxixaxxoivxo nQog avxb/i corrigendum, sed omnia haec 
eiicienda puto, ut supra 1, 2, 1: nsvxaniCx^^Uovg xtiv 
vavx&v nsXxaaxag TtoiriaafiLSvogi [Ag a(ia %al 7tsXxa6xatg 
iao(iivoig]^ et 5, 4, 49 : Kal ag axqaxsvnaxt dvotv '^[liQaiv 
6^0 V iv (iia xaxavvOag, illud mgaxQaxsvfiaxi^ quod et per 
se inteiiigitur et mire positam habel particulam mg^ et Gvrop. 
6, 1, 29: 'Avxl Sh xovxov TtoXsiiusxi^Qia xaxsaKSvacaxo 
aQ(iaxa xqoxolg xs hxvqoig^ [cog ft^ ^c^dlcog awxQlfii^xat]^ 
et Anab. 5, 1, 13: nv xal xavta fifiiv fii} ixnsQatvifixa& 
[Saxs aQXsiv TtXota]. 

6, 4, 23. anixQsmv avxovg o 'laacov^ didaaKcov mg 
naXov {qvov yeysvrifiivov ovx a^Mv avxoig efi} diaMvdv- 
vsvaat, (0 axs r(\hi, (isCScn dtanQa^at rj axsQrjd^vat Ttal xrjg 
ysysvri(iivrig vinrig, ovx oqccxs^ iipri, oxt xal v(istgy insl iv 
avayxy iyivsa^s, ixQaxijaaxs; otsaO^at ovv XQ'^ ^^^ Aans- 
Sai(LOvlovg av^ sl avaynaioivxo inysvia^at xov f^v, ano- 
vori&ivxag dta(iaxsa^at. Nou tantum mira locutio ixys- 
via^ai xov irjvy sed ipsa sententia deleri iubet illa male 
interposita verba. Nam si Lacedaemonii niiiil nisi interituri 
erant in pugna, nulio modo Thebanis metuendum erat xo ats- 
Qri^rivat xrjg ysysvri(iivrig vtxrigy praesertim quum Xenophon 
infra 7. 6, 12 dicat: "E^saxt di Xiystv ag xotg anovsvori(ii- 
votg ovdslgav vnoaxalri, ut alteris potius immineret hoc 
pericuium ut avay%aiotvxo ixysvia^t xov !;rjv. Atque ipsum 
illud avayTiaiotvxo ixysvia^at xov tipf aiiquid habere per- 
versi sensit Dobraeiis, qui inysvia^at xov irjv cum sequen- 
tibus iungebat et dubitabat an xo esset scril)endum, (luorum 
neutrum fieri potest, sed dictum dvayTcdiotvxo ut iv avayxf 
iyivsa^s. 

6» 4, 27. a(pix6(isvog 6h slg ^HQaHXstav Kaxi§aXt ro 



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PRAEFATIO. XI 

^E^xiUfiOTcSv rstxog^ dtjXov oxt ov tovto q>o^fi£vogy fi^q 
nv€g ivaTtmTccuivfig tavtrig v^g iwqodav noqtvsoivto inl 
triv inslvov dwafiiVy oAXa fidXXov iv^novfisvog %. t, X. 
Frustra laboratum in ezplicando iilo dvvafiiv, quod recte iam 
ezpunctum. 

6, 4, 37. ta fiiv ovv aftta ttig iitipovXfig v^ro v^g 
ywaiKog ovtca Xiystai. Aut scribendum tijg vno vqg ywai- 
%6g aut vnb tifg yvvatKog absurde cum ovro Xiystai erunt 
coniuncta. Sed liaud dubie vTto ti^g ywatxog inutile est 
scholion, ut ibidem subiatum avaXafisiVj de quo dizi supra. 

7, 1, 28. KMsMag 6 aQ%mv tijg naqa Jiovvolov 
Porfislag SXsysv ott i^r^KOt avtm o XQOvog, og sl^fiivog rpf 
nagafiivstv. Inutilem appendicem og sl^fdvog r^v naQafiivstv 
redarguunt 7, 5» 18 : j^ta to i^stv tj ct(^atsttf tdv xqo- 
vov* Anab. 6, 3, 26: 'O di X9^9 i^^nsv. 

7, 4, 34. o/ tcov aqxovt(ov dtaxsxst(ftx6tsg T(i Isqu 
XQiifif^ata, Perverse interpositum rcov icf^x^''^'^ ^^ ^* ^^ re- 
petitum, ubi tmv iv totg 'AQmctv aqxovtcnVy coniicio, et 
faciie credam 7, 2, 11, 6 iv roJ 2t%v^vt.'&QX'^ ^ri^aiog 
recte deieri aqx^i qwmL i Gri^tog dicat Xenophon infra 
et 7, 4, 36, 37, pariterque 7, 4. 36: 'Ofioaavtcnv tcov ts 
alXcov anivtmv %al avtov tov Brf^aiov^ og itvyxccvsv iv 
Tsyici l%fioi/ tQtaxoalovg onXltag twv Botcotavy ot fihv 
^Aqnadsg iv t^ Tsyia avtov intHatafisivavtsg idstnvo* 
notovvto^ molestum iv ty Tsyia^ quum non intelligatur 
cur sit additum, ut in formula iv t^ X''^^^ avtov, et 7, 2, 
11:0/ fiiv ow aXXot avtcov dta tov Tqt%aqavov xatidat^ 
vov inl to ^'Hqatovy ig to nsdlov fp^sqovvtsg' nata d\ 
tag slg Koqtv^v ipsqovcag nvXag htl tov a%qov natiXtns 
Ikxvcoviovg ts %al IlsXXrfviag , o^fio^ fir^ tavtjj nsotsX^ov- 
tsg ol 0Xtdotot Kata KSfpaX^^v avtav yivotvto vnhq tov 
'Hqaiov , quod per se intelligitur vnhq tov ^Hqalov , perinde 
esse ez margine illata. 

At 7, 1, 25. Fsqavoqa (vel potius FsXavoqa) tov no- 
Xifiaqxov Znaqttdtriv ysysvrffiivov anixtstvavy minime 
Jdeuda sunt illa Snaqttdtrfv ysysvrffiivov , sed scril)endum 
tov JSnaqttdtriv ^ noXifiaqxov ysysvr^iivoVy ut 7, 3, 1: 
Alviag £tvfig>dXtog , atqatrjyog tav ^AqrtdSmv ysysvrffiivog 
— ivapag slg tr^v iitqonoXtv ifvyKaXst tcov Stnvcavifov 



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XU PBABFATIO. 

tovg HQatl6t(»vgy deteriores libri yfysvtniiiH^g ponunt posC 
£tvfii<pahog, 

Sunt vero praeterhaecetiam aiia nonnulla quae non magis 
videntur Xenophontea, velut 1, 6, 2 i^Ots di naqMdov o Ai" 
Cavdqog tag vavg^ SXsys t^ KaXXixqatid^ oti OaAarrox^a- 
tQQ t$ na(^itio(^ Kal vavimxf^ vsviKTiHmg. o Sl avtov 
h&^v0sv l| *Eq>i0ov iv aQf.0tsQJi Za^LOV itaQanXsvOavta^ 
ov ri0av at twv^A^vabov v^sg^ iv MiXv^ttp naQaiovvai 
%ag vavgy xal oiMXoyfjasiv d^aXattoKQatsiv j iila ov tfiav 
al t6v ^A^tivataw v^ visa sunt scholiasta potius digna 
quam Xenophonte post ea quae modo dixerat 1, 5, 15, quem 
etia^ credibilius mqmXsvaavta scripsisse quam TtaqajtXsv* 
cavta. Et 2, 2, 10: Ot d' ^A^fnvam itoXMQnovi(isvoi (adden- 
dum xflr/, quod etiam 1, 6, 19 ; 4, 8, 4» omisaum In deteriorihus, 
sed neces^arium in hac formula) ttata yijv ital nata ^tiXat' 
tav riitoqow tl %qri nouivy ovts vsnv ovts avfiiiaxtov av- 
totg ovtwf ovts aitov ivoiiiiqv i^ ovisfUav slvai amtiQiav 
firi na&stv a ov tif^mQOviisvoi inohfiavy iXXa 8ia fqv vpQiv 
fjilTCOw av&Qmcovg (iiaQonoXltag ovi^ inl (ii^ altl(f itsQa 
fl OTi ijuCvoig avvsfiaxovv^ suspicio est ex margine illatum 
esseillud lyiUi^ iui fqv vfiQivrfiUovv ab eo qui antithesin 
ad ov tinmQOviuvoi desiderans aliquid deesse putaret, quum 
Xenophon, vix tam gravitcr reprehensurus Athenienses, eodem 
esset modo loquutus quo s. 3: "Slat i%stvrig trig w%tog ov- 
isig ixoifii^drif ov (lovov tovg anoXaXotag nsvd-ovvtsgj 
aXXa TtoXv fiaXXov itt avtol ktvtovg^ nstasa^at vofnltovtsg 
oTa htolrfiav Mi^Xtovg ts AaKsiaiiiOvtmv anotKOvg ovtag^ 
ttQatijaavtsg noXiOQ%lcc^ nal ^latiaiiag xal Xximvatovg %ai 
ToQcovatovg xal Atyiv^tag Tial aXXovg noXXovg te&v !£AAi}- 
voiv. Ita 4, 8, 5 : Ot fniv ii^ tavt ixovovtsg ovh a%6vt(og^ 
aXXa nQ0&vfi,€9g insta^aav, haud dubie item est correcto- 
ris commentum pro ovk axovtsg insta^rfiav^ ut ipse Xeno- 
phon cum aliis quibusvis loquitur, nusquam dicens a%6vtaig. 

Non minor audacia fuit correctorum in iis quae non 
intelligerent utcunque corrigendis et captui suo accommodan- 
dis, cuius singulare exemplum est 5, 4, 14, toig i% tov 
avayxatov XsXv(t,ivotg , vocabulo obscuro et per compendium 
scripto avayxatovj de quo absurda veterum recentiorumque 
magistrorum commenta explosi praef. ad Anabasis ed. Oxon p. 



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PBABFATIO* XIII 

XI, sulistitutum in nno ^O^xofuvovy Ih alio KliOfiPifotov ^ in 
tertio Tacuum spatium^ Quomodo factum coidido ut 3, 5, 3 : 
Iht&ovCi jio9i(fOv$ in v^g a(ig>t0^ritffil(Mv x^^g ^cmivOi 
xs 9ud iavrolg ximuiva tskiaaij inferretur pro XBfiXaxijaaty 
quod est 4, 8, 30: ^ roSv ov n^wfxoifovomv nolBtifff JUi^- 
rciv XQ^fMtta roig arqaxtmatg. Et 6> 4, 24: El o bula'' 
Hcdm, SgMf^ fiovXeo^s ro ytysvr^bivov nadvg^ (TVfi/IovJtfvo) 
avanvovoavrag Mcri avan^voa^hovg nal f^^ovg ysfSvfifAi» 
vovg rotg anirtijrotg oSrng tlg fnaxip' Uvai^ ut reriittm imljK» 
%ia^i substitueretur verbo obscurius eiarato, quod unum 
hic conyenit, ava^La%&i%at» Item 6, 4, 25 : ''EXsys fihv ovv 
rotavra^ Sngatrt d tdmg onmg dviipoqoi xed i^roi aXXi^Xotg 
ovrsg ifAgtortifOt inslvov UotvrOy \jhi non apparet cur dica- 
tur 9ud ovrot. Unde Dobraeus*: Nonne aal ovtmg. Sed 
gravius haud dubie Titium latet, quod eorrigendum ope Cyrop. 
7, 4, 4, ubi similis dolus narratur: Tavra 8i notiiaag oj^o- 
ri^tg Xa^Q^ i%ariomv vvnra aw^svo v^v avriiy Kal iv 
ravry sbfiiXato slg ta t9l%7i %al nagiXaPs ta ii^viima aiig>0' 
riQmvj ita ut seribatur diaq>Oi^i Swhs^» ctXJi^Xotg ovrsg^ 
quomodo 1, 5» 17 dicit: Ovdiv )^ ovrm Pqaxi onXov 
hiarsifOt slxov fo ovk i^txvovvro aXXi]Xmv, 

Sire corrector sive librarius intulit 5, 4, 17: ^Antovrt 
ys (ifiv SevsfMg ainm ifytlotog insyivsro^ Sv Kal olmvtiovro 
rtvsg iffi(mlvsiv ft(o rav fulXovroiv, noXXa (iiv yaq %al 
aXXa filata inokiasvy oraQ nal vnsQpaXXovrog avrov (isra 
r^g Crqattag i% r^g KQSvatog rd xa^^fjxov inl ^aXatrav 
oQog noXXoig (i,iv ovovg «ars%^(Jivtasv awtotg a«svsat, nafn- 
noXXa di onXa aq)a(>naa^ivra i^inXBvasv slg rfjv &dXar' 
rav, quod in nullius fidei libris est iiinsasVy Xaiophon 
scripserat quod ego restitui ifpaQnaa^ivra i^invsvasv, ut 
Ven. 9, 18 dixit at nirf^t f^ovat rbv tpXoiov rov ^vXot 
aqniQnaa(iivov, 

Lacunas praeter illas, quae astierfscis sunt in hac edi- 
tione notatae» alias complures prodit narratio vel oratio ab- 
rapta. Atque ipsum initium nemo spondeat integrum super- 
esse, quippe quod adeo non cohaeret cum Thucydidis ex- 
tremis , ut quamvis ficta videatur fabula Xenophontem illa 
quoque edidisse, tamen quum ea exdpiat, nihii ineptius 
fingi possit libro Xenophontis ita ut nunc fit cum iUisconnexo 



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XIV PBABFATIO. 

et unum ad librnm redacto. Unde iam Mitfordus suspicatus esC 
fura Sh tavta ab alio addita fuisse libro capite truncato , ut 
in medio eodem quidam sunt lod manifesto mutilati. Ita 2. 1» 
16: Ot 6^ ^A^rpfaioi ix t^j Ikifiov OQficifitvot trjv jSatfc- 
Ximg KaKoig bcolovv^ fial Inl ti)v Xlov ital tijy "EcpsiSov 
ininlBOv^ nal naqBG%tvatovto ngog vavfiaxCav nal crrpa- 
ti^yoifg n^g toig vnuQXOvai nQoaefXovto MivavdQOVy Tvdia^ 
KnfptfSodotov ^ iidem duces qui illa faciebant alios allegisse 
duces dicuntur, quod populi potius erat, ad quem ot ^A^^ 
^aioi propter interposita referri non licet. Quodsi quis 
contulerit 1, 5» 16, ubi post s. 14 positum ot d' ^A^rivatoi 
(SnXsvaav) elg Hdfiovj sequitur ot dh iv ofttai ^Ad^fjvaioi^ 
imid'^ fiyyil&ri rj vavfittxUcj xaXencig dxov tm ^AXniPtddi^, 
Kttt atqatr^ovg frAovro aXXovg dixaj et 1» ^^ 1, ubi post 1» 
6, 38, positum ot dh ^A^rjfvaioi narinXevaav eig trpf Mvti" - 
Xi^vriv sequitur ot S^ iv oiicip tovtovg fihv tovg atgatriyovg 
^navcav nXtjv Kovayvog • nQog dh tovtm stXovto Adelfiav- 
tov %al tqltov OiXoKXia^ vix dubitabit bic quoque ita 
loquutum Xenophontem, ut ante atqatriyovg exdderint ot S* 
iv oiitm et alia nonnulla, quum inane iam Kai plura etiam 
interddisse prodat. 

Porro 2, 1, Bl:^B^tav^a tfi} Katrjyoqlat iytyvovto 
noXXai toov ^A&rjvalayv a te ^drj naQSvevofiipisaav nai a 
l^qfiafnivoi rjaav noieiv^ el HQatrfieuev t^ vavfiaxla^ trjv 
de^idv x^^Q^ anoitdnteiv tmv imy(^ivtaifv ndvtatVj nai ott 
Xa^vteg dvo tgii^Qeigj Kogiv&tav itai 'AvSgtaVj tovg av^ 
dqag i^ avtcov ndvtag itataKQrifivtaetav' OiXoxX^^g d^ tjv 
atQtttrjyog tcov A&rjvatcovy og tovtot)g Siig^d^etQev. iXiyera 
Sh Kai aXXa noXXd, nai iSo^ev dnonteivai tcov alxfitaXtotoov 
oaoi ^av ^A&rjvaioi nXrjv 'ASeifidvtov , oti fiovog ineXd- 
§eto iv tjj iKxXrjata tov neqi trjg dnotofirjg tcov x^^Q^V' 
ffniiplafiatog* ittd&ri fnivtoi vnq tivcnv nqoSovvat tag vavg, 
AvaavSqog Sh OiXoiiXia nqmov iQcotrfiag^ og tovg ^Av- 
Sqlovg fiai Kogiv^lovg fiatexQrifiviae , ti eXri d^iog na&etv^ 
dg^dfievog eig^^^EXXrivag naQavofieiVy dniaipa^ev^ non solum. 
suspectum duplex x^'^Q propter verba Giceronis .Offic. 3, 11» 
46: „Athenienses sciverunt ut Aeginetis. qui classe valebant, 
pollices praedderentur," etPlutarchi Lysand. c. 9, dnonimeiv 
xov Se^iov dvtlxsi^a, oncog Soqv fihv (piQeiv fjtri Svvcovreei^ 



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PKAEPATIO. XV 

nciniiiv d' iXavv(06i, quum nimis foedum videatur alterum. 
sed etiampostremaadmodumsunt breviterdicta. NampostTr^co- 
Tov exspectes nivxag , et post iqmiqca^ nlhil addi de responso 
Philoclis non iniuria Weiskius miratus excidisse puta- 
vit quae Plutarchus, sed auctore usus Theophrasto, narrat 
Lysand. c. 13: 'O 6i Avecivdqog^ inn x^v xqiaxiklmv^Ad^' 
valtavj ovg Skapsv alxfiaXmovg.vno xmv avvidQcov d^dvaxog 
KaxiyvGKSxo , itaXicag OiXoxXia xov oxqaxriyov avxw ^pco- 
xtiasv avxov xlva xmaxai dlKtiv iavx^ xoiavxa mql 'EXXrj' 
vav ifvnPePovXsviKog xotg noXlxaig. 6 Si ovdiv xi nqbg 
f^v avfupoqav ivdovg iKiXsvas (irj naxriyoqslv cdv ovdslg 
icxi dtita6xifgy aXXa viaoivxa nQaxxsiv ansq av vtmrfislg 
Snacxsv^ slxa Xovadfisvog xa2 Xafimv xXavlda XaiinQav nqfo- 
xog inl xr^v 6g>ayrjy '^ysixo xotg noXlxaig , &g lcxoqsi Bso- 
ipi^acxogy sed non animadvertit eadem iam olim ex Plutarcho 
inserttlsse Pirckhemerum, qui haec ita vertit : „Primo interro- 
gavit quid pati dignus esset, qui primus contra leges Graecos 
interficere coepisset. At ille ad calamitatem minime demissus 
respondit ut victor ageret quae victus passurus fuisset : deinde 
lotus, ac splendida sumpta veste ante alios ut iugularetur pro- 
cessit cives." Nec duhium ex eodem Plutarcho post naqavo- 
fisiv inserta esse in uno nullius fidei lihro haec: NtKT^oag^ 
Sq>ri, nolst o na^siv SfisXXsg rixxrfislgy sv^g vovxov ani- 
Ccpa^s fisxa xdSv aXXctyv axqaxr^^v, Ad Adimantum quod 
attinet, eius tanquam proditoris bona publicata fuisse ante 
captas ab Lysandro Athcnas ex inscriptione Attica 01. 93, 4, 
collegit Boeckhius Epigraphisch-chronoL Studien p. 
10. Mira igitur Xenophontis brevitas, si nihil hic desit 
2, 3, 20. ot S* i^ixaaty Ttottjaavxsg xmv (tiv XQtaxt^^oov 
iv xy dyoQa^xiav 6' S^oo xovKataXoyovdXXoovaXXaxoVjSnstxa 
%sXsv6avxsg iTtt xd onXa , iv ^ ixstvot dnsXriXvd-s^av niit>- 
'ilfavxsg xoifg g>QOVQOvg Kal xmv noXtxav xovg oiioyvoSfiovag 
uvxotc xa onXa ndvxoDv nXr^v xmv xQt^xtXloov naQslXovxo^ 
%al avaK0(ii6avxsg xavxa slg xr^v dnQonoXtv 6vvi^Kav 
iv T^ vam. Etiamsi quisq^iam dicere potuerit KsXsvstv inl 
%d onXa (infra s. 64: 'JSjc dh xovxov ixiXsv^s (ihv 6 xwv 
%QtaKovxa xij^vj xovg SvdsKa inl xov BtiQaiiivri^ rectissime 
Stephanus ixdXs6s), hic tamen prorsus est absurdum illud 
Ipsum inl xa onXaj quum neque intelligatur cur hoc sil im- 



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&yi PKA£FATIO. 

peratum lis qui mox inermes discesserunt, et post hoc illatum 
iv q) hsivoi aTteXriXv^satitv manifesto prodat aliquid dictum 
fuisse de eorum sine armis discessu, ut nisi plura exdderunt, 
certe TiBXsvaavxeg intivai iTto&siiivovg tcI xaraXiTtowag 
xa onXa sit scribendum. Venerant enim i^era xAv ZnXwv^ 
ut simiii fraude a Pisistrato decepti Athenienses apud Polyae- 
nnm 1, 21, 2, quem qui contulerit concedet Gobeto hic quo- 
que inermes, non armatos requiri. In altero autem loco illo, de 
quo modo diii, s. 54 : 'Ex dl xovxov htaXeCi (ikv o fw xqta- 
novxa Kiiqvi xovg Ivdena htl xov Bfiqa^tivfi* inetvoi di 
eheX^Qvxeg 6vv wtviqitaig^ rifov^ivov avxav £axv^v xov 
^qaCvxaxov xe vmI avaidecxaxov ^ elite ^iv o K^ixtag^ IlaQa-' 
Sidoiiev v^lv^ ^9V\ BfiQafiivfi xovxovi naxaneKQtfLivov 
K. X. X^^ restituto indXeiSe^ quod sic in iniXevffe comiptum in 
Ouelf. Gyrep. 2, 2, 3, et in deterioribus 8, 7, 5, in Etonensi 
Anab. 2, 3, 'S, et hic tcI propter sequens eloeX^&^vxtg lieces- 
sarium est, lacuna superest explenda, quum eUseX^oPxeg 
nihil habeat quo referatur, neque aut de vitio cogitanduni aut 
de nominatiTis absolulis, quibus nihil ab hoc loco alfenius, 
nedum ut eontendere liceat non fallere hic lOvros scrlpti tot 
aliis lacunis deformati, ut infra 4, 1, 23, quo de loco paullo 
post dicam. 

3, 4, 5. Quae est lacuna in verbft aiU' Mi&stl aot xo%' 
xtnv -nlaxtv Xafietv et ins^rtis dovxa nlaxtv aal itaq ifiOv 
a me quadantenus est suppleta, fortasse paullo amplior fuit, 
ut exciderint nonnulla de legatis qui in sequentibus memo- 
rantur Agesilai, et aXX' S^eoxtv Tissapl^rnis indpiant respon- 
sum, cuius extrema perierint cum primls eorum quae Agesi- 
*aus ad iUud responderft. Similem lacunam 3, 3, 2, male 
explere videntur libri deteriores verbis nonnullis quae melio 
ribus desunt post fiaiStXevetv. 

4, 1, 23. OTtmg dh fii^y el oftoxQhtotxo ^ icaxayeX^ev 
avxov oi aXXot xQtdHovxa^ htOQevexo avv { elxe 6vvd(jtst, 
afta di xy fifUq^ imTtsatov x^ 0aQva§dSov OXQaxonedsC^y 
xng (jthv nQoqwXan^qg avxov Mv<Smf ovxasv noiXol Ineaov^ 
avxol 6i dtatpevyovfSt , xo 61 cxQaxoitedov aXkff^stat, Non 
solum Tocabulum neque Xenophonteum neque a quoquam 
ante Alexandrum M. usurpatum oxqaxonsdsla et libri unius 
scriptura pro eo exliibentis xio^cr, sed etiam mire illatum 



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PRABFATIO. XVII 

«rvTo2 et constructio non quidem inexplicabilis , sed tamen, 
ut dixi paullo ante ad 2, 3, 2(X dissoluta, lacunae facit in- 
dicium ab aliis aliter expletae et uno de his vocabulis non 
sublatae. 

4t, 2, 16. lam Gailius et Schneiderus animadverterunt 
omissas esse inter singuiarum gentium copias nonnullas antea 
et postea nominatas. 

4, 3, 8. ot (liv ocTcid^vrfixov avrmvy o[6h aal rikl(S%ovxo, 
Quod Agesilaus 2, 4» habet i^xBg viXIgkovxo haud dubie 
praestat, ut 3> 4, 22, 6 ^qysiimv additum ex eodem 1, 30. 

5, 4» 33. Quod ex melioribus restitui 6 ow aKovaag 
xavxa aitTJyysiXe xm KXecovvfiai^ pro 6 diy aut particula ^sv 
defectum est aut nomine post ovv. Non apte enim se- 
quente 6 6' Tjad^slg iunguntur 6 axovaag aut o ovv dicitur ut 
o filv ow. Neque o^sv 6, 6, 33, integrum, ubi ev^a exspectes. 

Articulo omisso peccatum videtur quum alibi tum 2, 2 
6: AfpmofHBVog slg Aia§ov %axsc%svaCaxo xdg xs aXXag 
noXtig hf avtjj xat MvxiXi^vriv ^ ubi scribendum putes 
xag iv am^^ ut 3, 4, 28; Tatg noXsai naQiiyysiXs xatg iv 
taig vifiotg. £t 3, 5, 3: Avsiv xdg cnovddg ngog xovg 6vfi 
(idxovg^ idbi addendum xdg, ut apud Thucydidem idem ex 
cidisse dixi in ed. Oxon., quod est etiam apud Demosthenem 
p. 193, 1 : MiJ Xvovxa xag <snovddg xdg nQog PaCiXia, Et 
1, 3, 22: !£i/ x^ o^Afo dnopaivovxcov ivllsiqauty deside- 
ratur xav dno§aiv6vx(Ofu , et 6, 1, 29: Ilqdyfiaxa ixovxsg 
%al na^ixovxsg ne^l xrjv KoQtvd^ov^ scribendum videtur 
1:0(9 n9Ql, ut dixi ad Gomment. 2, 1, 9. 

Quaerentem autem quae in ceteris sit conditio librorum 
quibus conservata est Historia Graeca et quae singuiorum fides 
et auctoritas et inter se ratio fugere non potest nullum super- 
esse eiusmodi codicem qui ceterorum possit archetypum haberi, 
unde illi ita sint ducti ut quicquid habent peculiare nullius 
sit fidei. Nam cui, ut nunc est, plurimum tribuendum duxi, 
Pariiinus B., de quo dixi praefatione ed. Oxon. p. IV, quippe 
vel una illa aliquot versuum lacuna quam ex homoeoteleuto 
ortam solus explet 3, 3, 5, ceteris omnibus fide se digniorem 
praestanti, tamen non tantum vitia habet eiusmodi quae cete- 
rorum ope sunt corrigenda, ut praeter alia 3, 3, 9, ovdslg 
pro sldeiri^ sed etiam defectus est vocabulis quae H ceterU 
Xenoph. Hist. Gr. b 

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rvm PBAEFATIO. 

noD sunt a correctoribus inserta, sed ex integriori libro ser- 
vata, ut 1. 1, 8, elg^ 1, 1, 24, acocey 3, 2, 26, SHOvreg, 3, 3^ 
10: 4, 2, 23, ngmov^ 4, 1, 15, naqadBiaoigj nisi Iioc sit 
glossema, 4, 3, 6, ficiluy 4, 3, 23, nctqacxaxmv^ 4, 7, 2, 
frvat, 7, 1, 18> x«f2 avnfU^avxeg j ei praeter articulos non- 
nullos et particulas quasdam, duobus versibus propter homoeo* 
teleuton omissis 2, 2, 1; 6, 5, 18» et dimidiato 2, 4, 36, et 
plus uno 4, 7, 4, ut ampliores lacunas libri 5 initio, quas cum 
aliis Iiabet communes, deteriores explent 

Hunc igitur librum quum iam in editione Oxoniensi it» 
expresslssem. ut exceptis quae in ordine verborum saepe habet 
sibi peculiaria , perpauca mihi reliquissem nunc demum ex eo 
asciscenda, eaque omnia fere adeo nuliius momenti ut utro^ 
modo legantur vix quicquam intersit, multum tamen abest ut 
vel iliius ope Xenophontis oratio et dialectus ubique possint 
r«tstitui. Nam etsi ille formas exquisitas et Atticas saepiu» 
svlus servavit, velut XQ^^V ^* ^* ^^» ^^ h%XvicUiov 5, 3, 16^ 
quod etsi niliili est ita scriptum, tamen verae servat indi- 
cium formae riKKXriGCaiov y quae non solum apud DemosthG- 
nem, ut dixi ad Thes. Stephani, bonis est libris conservata, 
sed etiam apud recentiores interdum apparet, ut nemo si^, 
dubitaturus de restituenda apud Thucydidem 8, 93, pro i£. 
snKlriaiaGav vel i^snXfiataaavy tamen idem non minus 
quam ceteri fallit in multis ne ipse quidem servans formas 
illas quibus Xenophon pariter atque omnes illius aetatis Attic'; 
vunt usi, sed quae iam antiquitus cum novitiis sunt permu- 
tatae. Quis enim credat, qui xa yQcififiaxa SXsysv scripsit 5, l^ 
32, eundem 1, 1, 23, scripsisse iaXcoaav^ quum vel apud Plu- 
tarchum sit idXcD, et 7,2,8,« hvxov^ aut 1,7,23, xgtvkd^ci} 
aavy quum summa cematur in his imperativorum formis Mace 
donicis inferendis vel apud Thucydidem temeritas librariorum,. 
apud Platonem autem eiusmodi earundem cum Atticis alter- 
natio qua nihil fingi potest ineptiusV Quibus nilulo melionV 
fidei sunt formae optativorum in ijjiev, tits^ r^aav perpetuo 
cum formis in (isvy xs^ sv alternantes, de quibus dixi ad 
Conunent 1, 4, 19; 4, 5, 7. £t verborum nvXivdsiv pro nvXlv- 
6si>v S, 5, 20, CwsiXovvxo pro awOJuovxo 7, 2, 8, de quibue 
praef. ad Gyrop. p. X ed. Lips., quum ilLXXovaai servatum sic 
Yen. 6, 15, ut etiam in Anabasi libros inter nsQUiXstv et nsQtm, 



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PBAEFATIO. XIX 

isiv variantes 4, 5, 36, perinde fallere appareat. Feliciter vero 
servata in melioribus 2, A, 32, forma praesentis ilav pro 
iXavvsiVy quae restituenda Anab. 1, 3, 20 : ^O i* itmviq^tno 
OTft iviQioi A§^ok6iuiv i%%Qbv avd^a ini x^ Evq^Qary no^ 
xanL^ tlvai^ anixovxa dmdeaa axa&(iovg' jvQog xovxov ovp 
Iqyfl fioiilsa&ai il^^stv ubi C. pr. eAe.*: pro iXstv, i. e. iXoP. 
Item eieci formas tmg 1, 2, 5, et a^og pro fcog et amg^ dc 
quibus dixi ad Gomment 3, 12, 2, et praef. ad Gyrop. ed. 
Lips. p. XII, XIII, pariterque accusativi nominum in rig ter- 
tiae dedinationis in fjv terminati, sed aliquoties etiam in i^, 
de quibus dixi ad Gomment. 1, 1, 1. Quibus addenda Km 1, 
5, 1, et Kito 5, 4, 61, quae Attici certe Kcov et Ki(»v di- 
xisse videntur, ut Timv dixerunt, item interdum Tim scriptum 
in libris. Nullum in libris relictum exemplum formarum 
liCTviig pro nominativo tmvstg^ iiXysiv pro nXsisiVy plusquam- 
perfecti in ri pro siv, imperfecti verbi sl(ii formae tjfiav pro 
^saavy quod Xenopbonti ita fere K^onvenit ut idsdlsaav. 

In aliis libri ludunt formis rectis cum deterioribus per« 
mutandis , ut in verbis in (ii , praesentis tertiae pluralis for- 
mam in vovaiv exbibentes omnes 4, 4, 2 ; 6, 5, 22, imper- 
fecti singularis tertiam in v servantibus nonnuilis 1, 7, 4, 
alibi vsv inferentibus, ut in aliis plerisque Xenophontis 
scriptis variari dixi ad Gyrop. 6, 4, 5, p. 309 ed. Ox., et iv» 
S7tl(inQ€i)v 6, 5, 22, sed ib. 32, ivsnlfinQaaav , ut Anab. 7, 
4, 15, pariterque in verbi inip4Xo(iai, forma hac et contracta, 
quam tanquam alienam aXenophonte notavi ad Gonunent. 1, 1, 
19. Alia de hoc genere vitia sunt 3, 3, 6, nQoaxaxsvovatv^ 
quod corrigeudum nQoaxaxovaiv , ut dixi ad Gomment 2, 8, 
4. £t 5, 2, 5, anoqqotagy quod anoqqoiig scripsisse vide- 
tur Xenophon, ut praecipit Pluynichus Bekkeri p. 28, 16: 
*AnoQQOri as(iv6rsQOV xov anSQQOia, et persuadet constans 
usus Platonis, pluribus quam Lobeckius ad Phryn. p. 496 
attulit exemplis confirmatus. Librarios hanc cs(iv6xvixa 
saepe violasse testantur codices Aristotelis et Theophrasti , in 
hoc ceterisque compositis , de quibus ad Steph. Thes., inter 
ntrasqne formas variantes. Nihilo melior euim in his fides 
librorum Xeuophontis quam in (isao^aia 7, 1, 8, alibi recte 
lisaoysia scripto , aut nsvxadQayjila pro nsvxsSQax(ila 1, 6, 
12, et {^(ifjvov 3, 4, 3, quum apud Platonem et Ari- 

b» 

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XX PRABFATIO 

stotelem idem sit in Sxfifivog mutatum ex libris, vel 
Xafio&Bv pro %ciiiitt%Bv 7, 2. 7, inter quae yariant libri 
Dionis Chr. vol. 2, p. 197, aut formis solutis Siea^cct, 
nXhiv^ Xovsa&ai, pro contractis, toXbZov vel adeo TtXeloi pro 
nXiov^ optativonim in aiw pro tutv. Formam rivoiyB quae 
est 1, 1, 2; (5, 13, ubi ^vo^s); 6, 21, reiiciunt Suidas sive 
grammat. Beickeri p. 399, 24, avicoys praecipientes , et una 
cum rivoiyBxo et ^voixtai, tanquam Seivcog §aQ^aQa^ 
Etym. Paris. Grameri Anetd. Paris. vol. 4, p. 113, 30. Atque 
altera forma usitata significatione est Anab. 5, 5, 20. Itaque 
hic et infra fallant necesse est libri ijvoiyov et ijvoi^a inferen- 
tes pro avicjyyov et avita^ay quae unae Atticae sunt formae, 
nisi ipsi grammatid, quorum de praecepto plunbus dixi 
ad Thes. Stephani , falluntur. Sed quum illa non sint novitio- 
rum illorum commenta , ut ostendunt Gomicorum quae addunt 
fragmenta, sed ab Aelio Dionysio potius cum aliis multis 
petita videantur, et ab ipso Philopono apud Choerob. Can. 
vol. 2, p. 626, 27, ijvoiyov et rjvoL^a tribuatur IStckaig, 
Xenophonti vLx possunlhae formae affingi. 

Contra 3. 2. 25, tzbqiovxi tcj iviavxm^ non dubitavi re- 
cipere formam quamvis ab uno prope custoditam iibro optimo, 
quam etiam Cyrop. 3. 3, 3, servavit D. pr., ut Demosthenis 
optimi p. 54, 3, et alibi, Ciaridanus Platonis Euthyphr. p. 15, 
B , Crat. p. 409 , B, alibi alteram praebens , ubi brevior forma 
est in aliis. Theophylacto Hist. p. 17. D: TlaqLOvti xtp 
S-eQBi^ recte restitutum nBQiovrt. 

Articulum saepe ab librariis depravatum etsi meliorum 
ope librorum restitui 4, 8, 24: OiXoxQarBi nXiovri fiBra 
diaa tqiiJqcdv '^A^vi^d^Bv slg Kvtzqov inl Ovfifiaxia ty 
lyvayoQOVf pro tot;, 5,4,61: Tov vavr tnov ovrog xov 
AaKBdai(i,ovCa)V nBQl xs AXytvav nal KicoVy pro rcSv, 6,.5,2: 
ToTg 'tfnig>£afiaat xotg 'Ad^alcov^ pro xcSv, ut in Anabasi 7, 
2, 11, xo xstxog x6 IIsQtv^lmv ex libris optimis restitueram 
pro xmvj tamen eredibile est etiam plura huiusmodi vitia 
iatere , ut certe 3, 6, 25, xov dij^ov xov ^A^n^alcDv^ et 7, 4, 
4, i^ di^fioo ToSi ^A^fivaloDv his est restituendum pro tcSv, 
quo de vitio dixi ad Remp. Athen. 1, 16, ubi, ut 17, 18, xoSv 
alternat vel cum o. Atque 1, 7, 20: 'Edv xtg xov xcov ^A^ri^ 
vatcav Srjfiov adtK^fjj ipsius iibri optirai indicio correxl, deleta 



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PBAEPATIO. XXI 

non quod ille omittit xovy sed rcov, ut soleut Attici dicere 
xov ^A^rjnftiifav S^^fiov^ nou xov xcov^ et nominativo 6 dijfiog 
'ji(hpf€tlajv, ut Plato Gorg. p. 481. D, E; 513, A. et 
Td apud Polyb. 6, 44, 1, xov xcav ^Ad^aloav S^fiovj ubi 
xov omittunt nonnulli, delendum videtur rcoi/. 

Nomina propria deformata sunt 1, 4, 8, ubi r^^ KuQiag 
elg xov BsQaiiiKOv (vel KsQafisiTiov) xoAtcoi/, sed 2, 1, 16, 
Ksqaiuiov vel KsQafiiovy libris Herodoti 1, 174, KBQansiaog 
vel KsQafiMOs exbibentibus , Scylacis p. 73, 2, KtQafiutnogy 
Choerobosco vero Gram. An. Ox. vol. 2, p. 234, 10, KsQafuaog 
per ft praecipiente , etsi credibilius est KsQafiiytog ab iibrariis 
Ceramicum cogltantibus suppositum esse quam KsQafUiog pro 
illo. Nihili est XaiQCXag 2, 3, 10. Nam aut a in prima aut 
£ in secunda usitatum , illud haud dubie ab librario illatum 
ut ineptum IlQoixovvfiaog per ot propter ixqoI^ pro simplici o. 
Neque Graecum videtur ^Ejcidoxov 1, 1, 29, ubi plerique 
IJiioxovj et 1, 3, 13, 0iXodl7ifig scribendus videtur OiXo- 
xvdrigj quod est in inscr. Attica G. I. vol. 1, p. 538, n. 960. 
^EniXvxldav 5, 4, 39, recte Schneiderus mutavit in ^Enixv- 
iiSav^ ut est 4, 2, 2, HxijaixX^^g 6, 2, 10, redarguit Diodo- 
rus, qui KxffiinXtig. 'Ayysvldag 2, 3, 10, videri potius 
^AQysvUag scribendum dixi ad Thes. StephanL I}cdX%ag 
Eleui 7y 4, 15, non HixaXnagy sed EvdXxag fuisse videtur. 
^Hiova 1, 5, 15, illatum pro Titov^ neque 3, 2, 11. si 
postrema sunt Xenophontis, intelligitur cur aito HdQdsoiv 
dicatur potius quam an ^AxaQvs<og, ut 1, 1, 36, ZriCxov 
illatum videtur pro '*A^vdov, 

Sed praeter hos de quibus dixi locos multi sunt magis 
minusve depravati, aut quorum scriptura dubia est, de qui- 
bus paucos tantum attingam. 

1, 1, 30. Tovg inisiKsaxdxovg avvaXlicov avsTioivovxo. 
Quod Suidas ad hunc locum referendus ponit: ^Avatiotvti^ 
Gac^ai xal Avanoivwsai^ afigxo XiyovCi. SBvotpav di xal 
^Avs^wovxo stQtiKSv iv xaig ^EXXrivixaig ^ et: ^Avs^wovxOj 
avsKOivovxo. Ssvoq>mvy si ex parte Photii hodie amissa re- 
petitum, a Photio autem, ut supra dixi de^ 6aKo&^vai>j ab 
Aelio Dionysio petitum , dubitari non potest quin Xenophon 
semel usus sit forma lonica, ut semel dixit dvrfilfiania pro 
iviliXantay nec minores gratiae sunt habendae et Aelio el 



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rxil PBAEFATIO. 

Suidae pro conservatahacglossa quam iisdem pro conservata ex 
3, 3, !• otfiflo^^viri, quae si periisset, neque librorumoptimorum 
indicio futilecorrectoris ulterlus locumcorrumpentis redargue- 
retur additamentum mQ^Xd^ov^ omnes fortasse decepisset 

1, 2, 7. htl Tcc h€QU t^g noXmg non scrlpserat Xeno- 
phon, qui semper &cirsQa in hac formuia, cui xa itsqa^ quo 
noYitii quidam scriptores ad Thes. Stephanl v. "!jBrs^o^, p. 
2137» D» a me citati utuntur» suppositum ab libraiio, ut 
apud Isaeum p. 43, 38 : Oinovv dvoiv xa ixBqa nQ(Hffl»i xy 
yvvatiU^ ipse pluralis prodit ^axsQOv. £t ut xaTtl ^ixBqa 
scripsit Xenophon 6, 2» 7 ; 1, 4» 80» quod in xa inl ^axzqa 
distractum nisi apud Thucydidem 1, 87; 1, 84, certe apud 
Polyhium 6» 41» 4» omnia haec contrahentem, ita 2, 2, 5, 
Tcexsrpotius» ut Thucydides» quam quod Gyrop. 4» 1, 7, vel 
optimi alteri substituunt xa Ixa , scripserat, et semper xant- 
xrideia, etiam in Historia Gr. saepe distractum, ut dia huius- 
modi » de quibus dixi praef. ad Anab. ed.Lips. p. XXI, et Cyrop. 
ed. Oxon. p. XI» quae in libris distracta contra usum scripto- 
rum non defenduntur inscriptionibus» non magis alias crases 
servantibus, ipsasque elisiones fere tantum in praepositiom' 
bus» et ne in his quidem semper. 

1» 3» 17. vavg CvUiliiafv , cS ri^av iv xf*ElXffin6vxio 
alXui luxxalsXeifinivat q>qovqidig vno IlaamnUov nal iv 
*Avxavdqf. Quod olim probaveram iusertum aXXin post 
aXXai^ nunc quoque mihi verum videtur. Sic Anab. 6» 6, 5, 
post aXXoi Schneiderus inseruit tfAA^, et apud Thucyd. 3» 
17: KjuI naxa xov xQOvov xovxov iv xoZg nXeicxai dij vrjeg 
a(i avxQig ivsqyol xdXXsi iyivovxOy inane illud xdXXsi ego 
correzi alXai aXXfj. 

1, 3» 20. avol^avxsg xag nvXag xdg inl xo 0Q^7iiov 
aaXovfAivag. KaXoviASvov, quod Gyllium posuisse dLa ad 
Anab. 7» 1» 24: To Bq^Ktov naXov^tsvov , non ^^ neces- 
sarium» etsi saepe sic in KaXovi/LSvog et Xsyofisvog et simill- 
bus participiis fallunt libri» ostendit Polybius 16» 17» 1: 
IlQOTiSttai xHg Tsyiag ^ MsydXri noXtg iig nQog n^v Msaaiq' 
vfiVy &0x^ advvaxov slvai aaXsta^at xiva nvXr^v naqd xotg 
Msacrivlotg inl Tsyiav et Pausanias 8, 36, 5: MsyaXono- 
Xlxaig 6a did xmv iid xo%Xog ovoiuc^o^ivaiv nvXmv hxi 
xijg o6ov iv a^iaxsq^ ^Ayad^ov ^sov vaog. 



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PRABPATIO. XXIII 

1, 4, 2. ekeyov on ndvxoov cov diovtM nmQctyoxBg 
^Uv nuqa §aadioi>g, Diii supra p. 111 scribendum videri 
Tiiv^^ mvy quod in altenim vel propter sequens nivxtov fa- 
cile potuit depravari. Similiter Anab. 1, 7, 3, pro avxl mv 
i%(o nivTtovy quum ivri twv praebeat G. pr., scribendum 
ivd'^ &Vj et 1, 9, 19» TiCCtcNfaivaSovta ts t]g aQxoi %oo^g, 
^um in eodem sit te trjg, scribendum '9'' {^. 

1, 6, 12. oi €cltiaS6(isvoi ivavtiovc^ai ^ quod B. prae- 
bei avtiova^av , est quidem etiam in melioribus Gyrop. 4» 2. 
39, sed» ttt dixi ad 6, 3, 13» alienum videtur a Xenopbonte et 
Thucydide» qui ambo saepissime ivavtiovc&ai y etsi utroque 
promiscue utitur Aeneas in Tactico, libris interdum varianti- 
Lus inter atrumque, ut saepe apud Xenophontem variant Uiter 
itvxiog et ivavtiog, 

1, 6, 29. na^ 61 ^tofiidovta oi Haiuoi di%a vavalv 
inl luag tBtayfiivoi' iatoaniysi Ss avTcoi/ £a\jLiog ovofAaxt 
'Inmvg. InuUle illud ovofnatij de quo dixi ad Comment 3, 
11, 1, facile credam ex margine, ubi ovofui ti ascriptum fuis- 
set , irrepsisse. Post KXsdwfiog deletum cum libro optimo 
Hvofia infra 5, 4, 25, ut 1, 4, 2, et alibi saepe hoc vocabulum 
additum est nommibus, et tovvofut apud Poiybium 5, 82» 13. 

2, 1, 14. naqidn^ 6' avtf Ttavtag tovg q^OQOvg 
fovg i'A tcSv n6ks€9Vy o? avtai fdtoi ^aav. Usus poscit 
^vtov. 

2» 1» 17. oi d' ^A^ipfaioi ix f^g HafAOv oQnoifisvot 
tifv Paailicag nanmg inoiawy %al hd trjv Xiov Kal t^v 
^Egfsaov ininXsov, nal itaQsansvaiovto nQog vavfiaxiavy 
iMil atgatfiyovg n^og toig vnaQXOvai nqoasikovto Mivav- 
dQOVy Tvdia^ Krig>ia6Sotov. Avaaviqog J' i% trig ^Podov 
naqa trfy ^ltaviav innXst nqig tov 'ElXiliaTtovtov nq6g ts 
tw nXoioov roi' S^nXow %al inl tag atpsati^Kviag avtmv 
n6Xsig„ Irrepsit inter duplex in alienum ab boc iooo praesens 
ifinXsi pro knXsiy ut sequitur naQinXsi, s. 18» et est 2, 2» 1: 
^EnXsi inl to (vei potius ini ts) Bviavtiov nai KuXxfl^ova* 
4» 8, 24; 5, 1» 5» 6» 19» 21» 26, et alibi saepe composita. 
Nam alia ratio praesentium insiaiiXsl 1» 1» 5, 12» et KaxanXst 
7, 1, 20. Atque losephi A. I» 17. 9, 3: /^«i, ^' ixwAer 
fikv hti tiig ^Ptofifig 'A(fxiXaogy OvuQtp S* ht ^Avtioxsiag 
iyivovto Tiofudaiy JEafiivog . . naQaXafiPavsi tic fiaaiXsia^ 



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XXIV PRAEFATIO. 

manifeato legendum iTtXst , ut sequitur 4, 1 : UXst dh Kata 
xovxov xov aaiQOv inl ^Pcifirig Kal 'AvxlTtag. 

2, 3, 19. axonov slvai x6 TtQmov (isv povXofUvovg 
xovg fisXxlaxovg xav noXixcov KOtvcavovg noLfjaaad-tu xqKS- 
XiXtovg. Similcs quodammodo sunt loci Anab. 6, 4, 1: 
'Ag^afiivri 6h rj Bqanri avxrj icxiv ano xov axofiaxog xov 
Hovxov fiixQt' 'HqanXsiag^ ubi ano xov axofiaxog tam ad 
praecedentia perlinet quam ad sequenlia. Yen. 5» 29 : "Oaoi 
dh aXlGKOVxai^ naqa tpvGiv xov Ocofiaxogj xvxy i^h %^i»/ii£voif 
ubi repetendum aXlanovxai. Gyrop. 5, 5, 35: 'Ensidav dh 
nslqav fifi^v XdSfjg nmg ^x^fisv nqog aiy iav fisv diq OOt 
€paLvri;tat xa vn ifiov nsnQayfisva inl tw am aya^tS ns- 
noirifkivaj aaTta^Ofiivov xi fiov as avxaanutov svsQyixr^v xs 
vofiit^yubi omissum ab optimis nsnoirjfiiva , si non scripse- 
rit Xenophon , semel positum nsnQayfiiva contuli cum Hero- 
doti 8, 80 : "la^i yaq i| ifiio xa nouvfisva vno Mrfitav. 

2, 3, 20. aXXtiiv lcXXaxov. Xenophonteum esse aXXarv 
aXX\i dixi ad Cyrop. 7, 4, 7. 

2, 3, 36. ov fiivxot •d^avfidtco ys xo KqixUnv naqavsvo^ 
ftri%ivai, Wolfii potius probanda coniectura naqavsvoriiiivat 
quam Wyttenbachii na^ai^ri^oivai j quum alterum illud ver- 
bum eadem qua hic opus est significatione cum naganovstv 
coniungat Plato Menex. p. 195, K, miuime, ut sit delirare. 

2, 4, 31. nQoaipaXXsv oaov ano §oi]g ivs^sv insl d^ 
ovdhv dno xHg nQoapoXrjg n^d^ag dnijX^sv. Mirum si Xeno- 
phontis sit inutile illud ano xrjg 7r^o0/9oA%, qul 1» 1, 3: 
O/ Ad^rivatoi dninXsvaav ovdsv nQd^avxsg, 

2, 4, 36. dfig>6xsQ0i xrjg fisxa Ilavaavlov yvcifirig 
ovxsg fidXXov rj x^^g fisxd Avadv^Qov, Qui contulerit 6, 6, 
4: IIoirfiSLV oiars fisxd x^^g AvadvSQOv yvcifirig nal ft?} 
danavriQcig xsixi^^^iivai xo r^r^o^, similesque apud alios 
locos et iocutiones avsv xrjg yvcifirjg vel aiv xy yvoofi^ju , hic 
^oque bis transpositum putabit fisxd. 

3, 1, 10. xoig dwafiivoig fidXtaxa naQa OaQvapdSa^ 
pro fiiyiaxovj quae usitata est formula» nihilo yerius videtur 
quam apud Demosthenem p. 836, 10, cpQOvst fidXiaxa pro 
fiiytaxoVf etiamsi ita scripserit Libanius vol. 1, p. 358» 5» 
et non ipse quoque inl nXovxip fiiyiaxov tpQovovaag pro 
fidXiaxa cpQOvovaag, 



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PRABFATIO. XXV 

8, 2, 18. bI (livroi ravra Sbi nouiv, Quum a — dzl 
sit in optimis , scripsi bI — det pro av — 6iri. 

4, 1. 24. ?roAAa fiei/ initto^ata nal akXa dr( ola 0aQ» 
vapaSov Ktri^axa. Tam supervacuum 6fi post aAXef quam 
aptum post olaj quocum. etiamsi fallat Gyrop. 1, 2, 6: 
rCyvsrai iyKXiffiara anari^g ocai naKoXoyLag %al aXXtov 
oXwf di} tlv,6gy ubi omittunt optimi, iunxerunt alii multi, ut 
non dubitem liic quoque scribendum esse aXXa ofcr ^r{. 

4, 1, 37. xu\o\t\ov w, fljg Ibtjff, yiXortfiia iarl. 
Phamabazum haec de se dicere, etsi verba simillima sunt Pla- 
tonicis Reip. 4, p. 443, D: Toiovrov fiiv ri r^v, mg Somsv, 
17 di%aio0vvri^ quum prope ridiculum sit, recte expungi haec 
videntur, tanquam otiosi additamentum lectoris. 

4, 3, 9. iv too oqsi toj Naq&aKico. rm oqsi , ut est in 
uno pro oqst iv, quo ne Plutarchus quidem opus putavit, 
recte videtur deleri. Non minus supervacuum apnd Thucyd. 
3, 116: Tmv KaravaCoav, 0? inl ryAl^rvy rmoqsi ohovGiv^ 
onsQ (liyiarov iariv OQog iv ry ZiksXIc^, ubi praecesserat 
ix rflg ^trvYig , liber Unus autem roo o^si ry Afrvi^, 

4, 7, 7. inaXa noXXic pXa^ipag rovg ^Agysiovg^ axs 
an^oadowliroDg avroig ifipaXcov. Quum 3. 4, 12, libri optimi 
anqoadoHiftoig, ceteri cum Agesiiao anqoadoinircag praebeant 
eodemque modo varient libri Thucydidis, sed iidem saepe con- 
sentiant in anQoadoariroig^ ubi ne locus quidem est adverbio, 
hic quoque dativus videtur praeferendus, ut dixi ad Stephanum. 

4, 8, 16. avrrj (niv 17 slQijvri ovrfag iyhsro arslifg, lial 
aniiX^ov ofiiads Fxacrtog, qui contulerit cum 5, 1,32: 
^Axovovrsg ow raiJra of ano rmv noXsoav nqiapsig , anriy' 
ysXXov inl rag iavrmv fxaaroi noXstg* 4, 18: Kal iz rov- 
xov otxads fidri ?Kaaroi anrjaav, et 7, 1, 38; 'Ensl dh acpl- 
xovro otnqia^sig otnaSs ixaaroi,^ tam hic quam 7, 1, 22: 
Msra ravxa (iivrot ot Brjpatoi (istvavrsg ov noXXag ij- 
(li^ag anrjX^ov o^xads, oial ot aXXot dh ixaarog oi^Kads^ 
verius putabit ?Kaaroi^ ut 2, 4, 38. amsvai inl ra iavr^v 
ixaarovg^ meliores omnes ?xaarov^ etiamsi fuerint inter illas 
dvitates quae unum tantum legatum mitterent 

4, 8, 22. rjv i* ovrog avriQ sv%aqlg rs ov% lyrtov, 
(naXlov rs awrsrayfiivog nal iy%siQririiimsQog arqarriyog. 
Rcstitui quod Dobraeus coniecerat avvrsrafisvog. Nec dubito 



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XXVI pbAefatio. 

Thucydidi 5, 9 : *Ev rcp ivsifiivcii ainov t^g yvm(i,fig Kal 
fCQiv ^wraxd^viu (liiXXov xriv So^av^ idem esse restituen- 
dum, ut alibi contraria sunt ivsivai et avvestvai et ipsius 
Xenophontis Oecon. 2, 18 : Tovg yvcofiy awtstafUv^ inir- 
fLsXofiivovg , Ubri quidam awTSxayfiivy , et apud alios saepe 
peccatum animadverterunt Heusdius Spec. Plat. p. 105, et 
Wyttenb. adEunap.p. 79, egoque ad Cyrop. ed.Lips.p.XXI. Sic 
prae ter alios Dio Clu*. vol. 1 , p. 1 70 : '^fJupQtov xal avvxsx€C(iivog. 

6, 1» 6. naQaxQSTtOfiSvog dh slg Tivsdov idyov vijv 
XdoQav. Recte' haud dubie corrigitur jtaQoxQOTcdfUvog, ut est 
Oecon. 12, 17: IlaQaxQanofisvog xov Xoyov difXcoaov» 

5, 1, 11. aal ano ih wv nXfjQa>(Mixcov 6i xcov iv, xcov 
vsoov iKT^Qv^s §ori^stv oaoi iXsvd^SQOi slsv. Mirum si hoc 
uno loco inutile illud x&v i% xoov vscoVf idque praemisso xoig 
xoov vswv imfiaxatg, addiderit Xenophon, neque ita sit 
loquutus ut semper alibi quum ipse tum Thucydides, et hic 
loquutum coniecit Piuygers, ut solum poneret nXi^Qmfuixcav, 

5, 2, 4. aaq>aXcog ijdi^ xvxXm xstxog nsQl xfjv noXiv 
mKodofifiasv. Dixi iam p. VII omissum in minus quijem bonis 
iCHxog irrepsisse ex scholio adxvxA^ in xvxAoi/ mutandum 
ascripto, ut Hesychius nvnkovg interpretatur xic xslxVi ^^ 
fuisse coniicio qui interpretaretur. apud lulianum p. 340, C: 
'£ari;^%ai/oi/ iyco %f ffi«i^an/ naQa xr^v tplXfjy Aovnsxlav * ovo- 
(laSovai di ovxoog ot KisXxol x&v IlaQialcov x^v noXlxvrjfv - 
laxi d' ov fisyaXfi v^aog iyr^stiUvri xw noxa^t^ nal avxrj[v 
fivHXp naaav ^axaXa^^avsi. Ubi quod in codicibus Mar- 
ciano et Vossiano Hnemos. vol. 10, p. 167, est naaav x6 
xsixog ywxaXafi^avsiy grammatici scholion puto , qui %v%Xop 
perverse interpretatus xo xsixog Lucetiae Parisiorum oppidu- 
ium muro cinxit, quem ipse ineptus liic articulus diruit, ne 
dicam , quum avxriv nemo non sit ad vriaog potius quam ad 
noXlxvriv reiaturus, insulam ipsam muro cingi. Haud dubie 
enim luiianus avxfjy ad v^aov, verbum autem ad fluvium re- 
ferens scripserat nSaav fynaxaXanpavsi. 

5, 4, 20. Sustuli formam ixnoXsfifjasts^ quantumvis lam 
ab Harpocratione inventam haud paucis eiusmodi vitiis decepto, 
ut dixi ad Anabasin 1, 2, 22, et restitui iKTtoXsficoasis ^ ut 
apud Polybium 15, 6, 6, i^snoXs(i(6aa(uv servayit palim- 
psestus Vaticanus p. 55, 11. 



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PBABFATIO. XXVU 

5, 4, 35. ovdiv uv o x^ noXsi doxolfi avxetnHv. Scri- 
iMndum potius oHbvL 

7, 1, 29. insl di anoTto^svdiASVOv vnsvifjLvovto atnov 
o£ Mseaiijvioi inl arsvov rij^g oiov. Scribendum videtur 
inl ctsvfov , quod est apud Scylacem p. 25, 18 ed. MQller. 
Alioqul exspectes inl oxsv^^ quod est 6, 4, 3, 27. 

7, 2, 9. inl xrjg omTiqCug xovg (ihv uvdqug ds^iov- 
(Asvovg aXXtjXovg, Usitata in talibus constructio cum dativo 
fj amxijftl^. Ibidem quod est ajia %a(^^ dan^voagy contuii 
praef. ad Gyrop. ed. Lips. p. XXI, cum eo quod est ib. 6, 1, 6 : 
Toiavxa snaiiov (Snovdy nfog aXXi^Xovgj quod a(ia (Snovdy 
potius dicendum videatur, ut reapse dixit Dio Ghrys., 
quum rursus apud AchiUem Tat. 5, 14, p. 115, 26 sit: 
Tavxa fiiv ow snai^s cnovdy^ sed quae lacobsius con- 
luiit exempia omnia praepositl4>nem habent adiunctam, neque 
alteri prorsus convenit hoc Platonis Apol. p. 24, G: 'Admsiv 
^fii MsXifjftov^ oxi anovd^ xaQtsvxllsxai^ ^iltog slg aym- 
vag »a&icxag av^i^conovg. 

7, 2, 20. Quod est in melioribus xmqUiv inl xoTg oqoig 
flfiiv xst^xliovaiv y pro eo Xenophon certe et Thucydides alibi 
semper dixerunt quod est in ceteris ogloig^ etsi alterum ita 
dixisse videntur recentiores, ut Polybius 2, 24, Qi^Exa^av inl 
xtSv OQDOV xflg raXaxtag^ et Diodorus 1, 37: Ov8\ fAixQ$ 
Zfov oQmv xilg Alyvnxov nqoaavs^riGav' 41: iZ^o^ xoig 
'^QOig xfjg 2Kv&lag' 13, 75: ^Eni tmv OQom/ xaxiiASivs* 19, 
38: MivsLV inl xoiv oqojv xijg igi^fjLOv. Itaque praestat 
haud dubie quod in ceteris est OQloig. — Ibidem quod est 
tafog 6s innpavslg av XQonijv^ £ansQ iv nsXXn^vy^ noi^^asig^ 
dixit praeter Herodotum 1, 30, Polybius 1,9.8: 2>o- 
nip/ is Ttoitjaag avx^v laxvQav, et alii recentiorum in Thes. 
Steph. citati, velut Piut. Gamill. c. 2: ZviinXsKOfisvog 
xotg aQiaxoig xav TtoXsfnUov xqonriv inolfiasy et Cleom. c* 6. 
Isocratis p. 242 , £ : Zhta^xtaxai fisv aqxovxsg IlsXonowri- 
almv slg xrpf vavfiax^av xrjy noirfiaaav * xqonriv anavxog 
xov noXifiov dina (lovov avvs^iXovxo XQtrJQstg^ codex Urbi- 
nas pro ^OTnfi/, ut quod losephus A. I. 17, 9, 7 dicit: Zar- 
oaQ 61 AQxiXuov iptXo(pg6v(og aviaxrj . • . noXXrjfv xs ani- 
(paivs XQonipf yvtofi/ifig xr^g avxov ov» aXXa nQti^^v, vidssim 
apud Zonaram vol. 1, p. 261, G, scriptom KuiaaQ 6h fwXhov 



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XXVIII PEAEFATIO. 

vnhQ ^A^^xbXuov ^onriv idslxvv, Quod verum videtur. Idem^ 
vocal)ulum latere suspicor apud Ps.-Demosth; p. 153, 27: 
TriliKCivxriv d' axH ^tofAfiv n(fdg tag nqoxsqovy &dT8 fivUct 
AaKsdaiiiOvioig inoXsiAOVfASv , onotiQotg nqoa^oixo^ xov- 
xovg iitoUi KQcnsiv xmv hiQcov^ ubi §onriy^ quod est 
p. 154, 18: uXcog (lev yaQ fi MccKEdovM'^ 6vva(iig iv fihv 
nQOCdi^Krig (isqsi §onriv ix^i xiva %al XQrjfSiv^ et habet Demo- 
sthenes p. 598, 7 : "SIgxs dioialcog xrihiiavxriv ixov0cov ^OTtviv 
iq>* iicdxsQa xav XQiiqQcov^ xovxov oQOv xsd^slnaxs xy povX^y 
legendum v}detur, ut apud Polybium 7,14, 6: TriXiKavxriv 
xoig vioig §aGiXsv6i ^onrfv l%f* %al nQOg axvx^v xal nQog 
iTtavoQd^cooiv xflg aQxrjg i} xoiv naQsnOfiivav cplXcov ixXoyrf 
aal %Qlaig, et alterum cum ^onf^ etiam alibi est confusum. 
Atque idem et apud Xenophontem aptius et apud Plutarchum 
Gam. c. 2 supra cit., si coniunguntur xolg aQlaxoig tcov 
noXsfjucDVy locum habet, ascripsitque nescio quis exemplari 
quo utor. Nam Xenophon XQonriv notiqaaad^ai 5, 4, 43. 

7, 4, 39. nifi^ilfavxsg slg 6ifj5a^ nQsapsig naxrjyoQOVP 
avxov mg dsTv ano^avsVv, Si recte ita scriptum, non pro 
der hoc positum , sed pro diov^ quam formam axxiKcaxiQav 
dicit et cum nXsiv pro nXiov confert Apollon. Bekkeri An. 
vol. 2, p. 542, 33, et Herodianus qui dlcitur Grameri An. Ox. 
vol. 3, p. 234, 2, aliique testantur grammatici ad Thes. 
Stephani v. ^io, p. 1036, G, citati. £a in libris scriptorum 
fera abolita apud Dionem Ghrys. Or. 11, vol. 1, p. 254 : Mr^ 
dhv yaQ dstv ^AXi^avdQOv xoaovxajv ovacov xaxa xtjv ^Aalav 
ywammv xov 6s slg xffv 'EXXa6a iX&ovxa fnvriaxsvsiv • 45, 
vol. 2, p. 208 : Kal nQog iviovg ov6h 6ik&v fAOi 6stv , aXXct 
fiaXXov sinsiv aal fivriadijvai nsQl xcov naxsxofuvcDv nQog 
ov6sva ovx ifivffi^rjy ovxs Xoyov inoirfadfiriv ov6ivay om- 
nibus est conservata, ut apud alios nonnullos, de quibus 
Boisson. Anecd. vol. 2, p. 78 ; 5, p. 286. 

7, 5, 9. 6sinvonoirjadfASvog xal naQayysiXag fiysixo 
rw axQaxsvfiaxt svd^g inl SndQxrpf, Verum videtur quod 
superscriptum in uno aO^ai super f»,svog , deleto quod idem 
cum aliis omittit nai. Sic 1, 6, 38: Totg axQaxicoxaig 
TtaQrfyysiXs 6sinvonoisiC&ai, Et Polybius eandem quam Xe- 
nophon rem narrans 9, 8, 3 : Asmvonoifjaaa^ai xoig avxoi 
XDf'9' &Qav naQayysiXag i^ys xffv 6vvafiiiv, 



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PRAEPATIO. XXIX 

7, 5, 15. oc 6^ ^Ad-rjvmoi tTtJCstg di.sX96vx£g roig Kleco-' 
vag hvyxuvov nQOCtovxsg slg xr^v MavrlvsKxv %(xl xarir- 
ifXQccxoTCsdsvifaiuvot ivxog xst%ovg iv xatg ohlaig* Xeno- 
phon, opinor» scripserat nQOtovxsg 

Supenunt vero loci quidam inexplicabiles» ut 4, 2, 13: 
'£v xovxm ot AaxsdatfiovKii nal dfj Tsysdxag 7ta(iSiX7iq>6xeg 
%al Mavxiviag i^ycav xr^v a(iq>talovy ubi quum neque de re 
neque de verbis constet, quid scripserit Xenophon nemo dixerit. 
• Et 6, 4, 14: 'BjTtsl fiivxoi ani^avs Aslvmv xs 6 noXifiaQxog 
nal SqtodqUig xav ns(fl dafioalav xal KXsmwfnog 6 vtog 
avxovj 1MU ot fiiv tnnoi %al ot av(iq>OQstg xov noXsfid(txov 
iialovfisvoi> otxs aXXoi vno xov oxXov md^ovfisvoi avexioQOvv, 
Ubi neque ot fiiv Xnnot coniectura Hemsterhusii ot a^mnoi 
expediuntur neque av^oqstg unius llbri scriptura aaiig)0(fstg 
aut altero non minus incerto et obscuro iUius vocabuli exemplo 
in Hippiatricis p. 3» 4: KsnXfjad^a ( — maav aut ooi/) di '^fitv 
avfiL<poqstg xov X6yov xovds Iloasidmv xs fnniog xaVAaxXfi- 
ntog^ ubi sponsores dici videntur. In colloquio vero partim 
Laconico regum Spartanorum 3, 3, 2, etsi formae Ooricae me- 
liorum ope librorum aliquoties sunt restitutae, ut noxsidav in 
dlis Ttoxi d' avj in deterioribus Iloaeidmv scriptum, et ovxv 
in his in ovxiva mutatum, tamen simile vitium adhuc latet in 
verbis «9»' 01; yaq xoi iq>vas nal ig>dvri iv xm ^aXdfim^ ds- 
%dx(fi (irjvl iyivovy quod neque deteriorum scriptura Sqyvyt 
%aL iq>dvri vel ovx iq>dvri neque Gobeti coniectura aq> ov 
yuQ ovK iq>dvfi iv x^ ^aXd(imy dsndxtp firivl xv Sq>vg sub- 
latum est. Simili fraude , qua hic Doricae formae in deterio- 
ribus, supra 1, 1, 30, ut dixi p. XXI, in omnibus lonica periit, 
nec quisquam quod est 4, 4, 16, xovg Aaxsda&fiovlovg iSe- 
dlsaav, liic quidem non ex ididiaav natum esse, sed ex 
Skvow, scire potuisset, nisi hoc servasset Priscianus. Quae 
duo exempla vei sola ostendunt quantopere sint deformati 
ctiam huius scripti Xenophontei codices tot post scriptoris 
aetatem seculis exarati. 

Scribebam Lipsiae mense Martio a. 1866- 



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8 D M M A R I A. 



LIB. I. 



1 ost lnfeliceBi iu Hellesponto poguam Athenienftes iisdem in li>cis, 
oum Aloibiades venisset subsidio, prospera fortona utnutur. Hssa- 
phernes in Hellespoutum profectus Aidbiadem comprehensum in cu- 
stodiam coniicit: uude ille noctu elapsus petit Clazomenas, Tlirasyl- 
lus Athenas navigat ad novas copias et naves petendas. Cum La- 
cedaemonii Atheuienses denuo petere vellent, his auxilio venit AI- 
oibiades, quo duce pugna ad Cyzicum feliciter pugnata est, in qua 
cecidit Mindarus. Inde oum Athenieuses e Cyzico, Perhitho, Sely- 
bria peounias coegissenty munita Clirysopoli portorium instituerunt, 
Afnictis Lacedaemoniorum rebus suocurrit Phamabazus. Interim 
praetoribus Syracusanorum domi abrogatum imperium: in Thaso 
eiecti qui rebus Lacedaemoniorum studerent: Athenis autem Agis 
admovet exercitum, quem minus armis quam minis Athenienses re- 
pelluut. Eodem anno Carthaginienses magno exercitu aggressi duas 
mbes Graecas ceperunt (c. 1.). TlirasyUus cum dasse Samum pe- 
tlw Inde iu Asia nonnuUa feUoiter gerit, sed Ephesum aggressus a 
Tlssapheme et Syracusanis defensam affidtur magna clade. Rursus 
ad Lesbnm navibus quattuor Syracusanorum captis navigavit Se- 
stum, ubi er^t reliquae Atheniensium copiae. Hinc universus exer- 
citns Lampsacnm se contulit ad Iiibema, in quibus Aicibiade duce 
adversus Abydum expeditione suscepta Phamabazuni viucunt, et 
aliis locis Persarum terras vastant (c. 2.). Athenienses Chalcedouem, 
quae ad Lacedaemonios defecerat, oppugnant. £am infeUciter de- 
fendere conatur Hippocrates Lacedaemoniorum harmosta. Quare 
enm liio in pugna occidisset, Athenienses cum Chalcedoniis et Phar- 
nabazo» qni his anxiUo veneraty pacem inennt. Mox eodem modo 
Byiantium oppngnant a Laoedaemoniis occupatam: quae cum capi 
uon potuisset, a Byzantiis ipsis et Laoedaemoniis quibusdam abseote 
Cleandio harmosta in manns Atheniensinm, quos dam noctu intro- 
miseranty traditur (o. 3.). Redeuntes e Perside Lacedaemoniorum 



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XXXII S U M M A R 1 A. 

legati cum omnia quae voluissent a rege se obtinoisse dicerent, 
Atlienienses quoque se istuc deduci cupiebant: sed diu a Phama- 
bazo et Cyro lusi tertio demum anno ad suum exercitum reducti 
sunt. Alcibiades cum animos civium a se non alienos videret, se- 
que audisset imperatorem esse creatum, Athenas demigravit ibiqus 
■nmmum copiarum Atheniensiom imperium demandatnm accepit. B^e 
f rofectus est Andrum et Samum (c. 4.). Lacedaemonii interim Per- 
ftjtrum opibus adiutJ ad bellum Lysandro duce se instruebant, classe 
ad Ephesum subducta. lam cum Alcibiades Notinm profectus a na- 
vibns discessisset » Antiochi temeritate AthenieDses infelici pugna 
quindecim naves amiserunt. Id cum Alcibiadis onlpae domi tribue- 
rent, in eius locum snffectus est Conon (c. 6.). Lysandro sncces- 
sor missus Callicratidas. Simultas inter ntmmqne. A Cyro cum hnic 
non statim pecunia numeraretur, e Mileto et Chio accepit nnde sti- 
pendia suis daret. Hinc statim Methymnam expugnavit et inde Co- 
nonem ad Mytilenen obsedit. Qnod cum periatum esset Athenas, 
magnam classem Athenienses ei miserunt subsidio. Cnm hao reli- 
quisque Atheniensium copiis Callicratidas congpressus ad Arginusas 
ipse in mari periit : naves antem eius aut demersae aut captae. 
Eteonicus tamen eallide cum reliquis elapsus est (c. 6.). Sed quia 
praetores Atheniensium suos qui perierant in pugna e mari non sus- 
tulerant, capitis omnes sunt damnati , fmstraque eos defendit En- 
ryptolemus. Interim Eteonicns in Chio pennria laborabat, ita ut eins 
mUites conspiratione facta Chium diripere vellent. Sed eos praden- 
ter cohibuit et accepta a Chiis pecunia iis solvit stipendinm. Sed 
tamen Chii reliquiqne Lacedaemoniomm socii alium imperatorem, et 
Lysandmm quidem, petiemnt. Lacedaemonii autem iis misemnt 
Aracum Lysandro adiuncto legato (c. 7.). 

LiB. n. 

Lysander a Cyro pecunia instmctus exercitui stipendium solvil,. 
et expugnatis Cedreis Cariae civitate Atheniensium socia, navigat 
Rhodum. Athenienses autem Chium et Ephesnm transmittunt et se 
parant ad pugnam navalem. Tum Lysander Hellespq^tum petit et 
Lampsacum expugnatam militibus diripiendam dedit. Athenienses 
item illos persecuti ad Hellespontum contendunt, et ad Aegospota- 
mos spreto AlcibiadiSy qui prope habitabat, consilio, cum Lysan- 
dro infelicissima pugna confligunt» imparati ab illo oppressi. Co- 
non cum novem navibus Cypmm ad Euagoram fngit : reliqua omnia 
capta. Athenienses omnes sunt necati (c. 1.). Paralus navis cnm 
nuncium de calamitate pertulisset Athenas, cives omnia parant, ut 
certam obsidionem tolerarent. Mox a Pausania Lacedaemonioranr 
rege et Lysandro terra marique diu obsessis, cum multi fame mo- 
rerentur, pax convenit his legibus ut naves nonnisi duodecim ha- 
berent, exsules revocarent, dimerent muros longos et Lacedaemo- 



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SUMMARIA. XXXIII 

niis ^mne imperiiun traderent (cap. 2.)* imperio Atlienarum triginta 
ririB tradito Lysander Samum expugnat et magna e toto beilo pecunia 
ditatns Spartam redit. Triginta Tiri cum leges conscribere deberent, 
magistratibus noyis constitutis et praesidio harmostaque a Lacedae- 
moniis expetito pro lubitn optimum quemque ad mortem ducebant. 
Critias princeps triginta yirorum, cnm e collegis Theramenem ma- 
zime haberet adversarium, lenius qnippe sentientem, ne huic popu- 
lus se applicaret, re cum reliquis composita, tria iniUia civium ie- 
git qui summam rempnblicam defenderent: reliqnos arma tradere 
inbent. Hinc Theramenem in senatu Critias proditionis accusat. Egre- 
gie se defendit ille adeo ut senatus eum absolvere veUe videretur. 
Sed calumnia usns Critias et armatis hominibus hominem ad sup- 
plicinm abstrahi iubet (c. 3.). Tum Thrasybulus Thebis, quo multi 
Atheniensinm exsules se eontulerant, cnm paucis profectus Phylen 
castellum occupat, et crescente suorum numero mox tyrannorum co- 
pias ad oppugnationem Phyles profectas yincit. Hi, ut haberent 
perfugium, Eleusina occupant, incolis nefaria frande circumventis. 
lam Thrasybulus noctu Piraeenm oconpat, et mox in Munychia ftm- 
dxt adversarios ; qua in pugna ceoidit Critias. Tandem populus abro- 
gato triginta virorum imperio sdeeemviros creat. Cum in Piraeeo 
exsnles se magis magisque confirmarent, rursus Lysander accitu ma- 
xime triginta viromm cnm fratre nauarcho venit, ut exsules terra ma^ 
rique obsessos ad deditionem compellerent. Quaeres cum ex sententia 
succedere yideretur, Pansanias invidens Lysandro, nomine quidem 
snbsidio ei yenit, sed re ipsa Thrasybulo. Itaque post levia cum 
ipso proelia dam ad ntriusqne factionis Athenienses misit, eosque 
permovit nt Lacedaemoniomm arbitrio se snaque ad restituendam 
concordiam permitterent. Lacedaemonii ergo miserunt quindecim 
legatos, qui cnm Pansania res Atheniensinm his conditionibus com- 
posuemnt, nt hi inter se pacem haberent et ad sua qnisque nego- 
tia praeter magistratus redUrent; si qui eorum qui ftdssent in urbe, 
tntnm sibi in ea locum non putarent, iis potestas esset Eleusina mi- 
grandi. PauIIo post cnm hi ex Eleusine bellnm moverent, eoram 
dndbus circumventis Athenienses lege dfiv7iat£ccg discordias omnes 
snstuleront (c. 4.). 

LiB. m. 

Cyro anxilia Lacedaemoniomm petenti adversns Artaxerxem fra- 
trem Samius nauarchus tntum ad Ciliciam praestat iter. Graecis Asiati- 
ds contra Tissaphemem auxilio mittnnt Lacedaemonii Thibronem, 
eni Athenienses adiungnnt equites, qnos in bello perire cnpiebant. Sic 
mediocriter instmctus lonicas civitates ntcunqne tnetur. lam Grae- 
ds Cyri nnper sociis cum Thibrone coninnetis hic audador factus 
etiam in campo cum Tissapheme congrediebatur. Cetemm plures 
dvitates sponte se ei adiungebant; inibecilliores qnasdam vi ex 
Xenoph. Hist 6r. . c 



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XXXIV S U M M A R I A. 

pugnabat. Ta oppugnanda Larisa qnae dicitar Aegyptia cam frustra 
baereret, iassas est ab ephoris can:i exercita transire in Gariam. 
Thibroni snccedit Dercylidas , imperator callidissimas, qui cum Tis- 
sapherne se coniungit, et sio unum tantum habet hostem Pharna- 
bazum. Mania Zenis hyparchi uxor mortao marito impetrarat a Phar- 
nabazo ut satrapiam mariti servaret, et egregie omnes res snas ges- 
serat. Sed eam interfecit Midias filiae maritus eiusque ditionem in- 
vasit. Ad quem ulciscendum cum se pararet Pharnabazus, venit 
Dercylidas et complures urbes in deditionem accepit. Gebrenem vero 
cum oppugnare vellet, cives invito urbis praefecto ei se tradant. 
Hine adversus Midiam profectus Scepsin et Gergitha urbes eius ia> 
signlores astn occupavit, et magnis qaas Mania collegerat pecaniis 
ditatus Midiae pateraa bona concessit, milites eius sibi addixit mer- 
cenarios (c. 1.). Hinc Pharnabazus cnm eo facit inducias; ipse per 
hiemem Bithynoram Thracum regionem vastat. Vere redeunte ad 
Dercylidam venerunt domo legati, qui imperium ei prorogarent mi- 
Utumqae laudarent virtutem et integritatem. Dercylidas cam ex iis- 
dem andisset legatos e Ghersoneso petiisse a Lacedaemoniis at muro 
Thracas a Ghersoneso arcerent, mrsaB cum Pharnabazo pactus in- 
ducias istuc est profectus, et muri opere strenue perfecto rediit in 
Asiam et Atarnea a Chiorum exsulibus occupatam vi expugnavit eam- 
que ita armavit ut in eam, quoties istuo veniret, commode posset di- 
vertere. Inde abiit Ephesum, Legati a Graecis Asiaticis Lacedae- 
monios docent, Tissaphemem ita posse cogi ut sibi libertatem red- 
deret, si Garia, ubi eius esset domiciliam, infestaretur. lubent 
ergo ephori Dercylidam istuc transire. Venerat tum in eandem Ca- 
riam cura Tissapherne Pharnabazus : qnos cum Dercylidas accepisset 
Maeandram rursus transiisse, transiit et ipse. Instmxerant Persae 
exercitum, ut Lacedaemonios , quos securos et dispalatos iosequi 
potabant , imparatos opprimerent. Sed Dercylidas cum propius ac- 
cessisset, re cognita confestim suos ad pugnam instruxit. Sed Tis- 
saphernes metn Graecomm misit qui illum ad colloqoium invitarent. 
Deinde pax servata his conditionibus ut rex civltatibus Graecis Iiber> 
tatem daret, Lacedaemonii harmostas ex iisdem revocarent et e re- 
gis ditione abirent. Domi interim propter antiquas Ininrias Lace- 
daemonil bellum intulemnt Eleis. Sed Agis rex iam in hosticum 
iDgressus terrae motu, quasi dei monitn, absterritus exercitum di- 
misit. Rursus insequenti anno idem Eleos petiit, eoramqne regionem 
misere vastavit. Redeuote aestate Elei pacem petentes obtinuenint 
ioiquis conditidnibus (c. 2.). Mors Agidis et contentio Agesilai cnm 
Leotychide; cui ille ut iastior regni successor praelatas est. Agesi- 
laus cum fere annnm obtinuisset imperium, periculosa exstitit adver- 
sus Spartanos conspiratio Ginadonis, qui se non inter principes Spar 
tanorum haberi aegre ferebat. Sed ephori in auctores cailide compre- 
hensos animadverterunt atque ita depulerant perioulum (o. 3.). Gam 
nunciatum esset Lacedaemone magnam in Phoenice ora&ri classem. 



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SUUMARIA. XXXV 

ad expeditiouem in Asiam se paravit Agesilaus, adiunoto Lysaudro. 
€um autem Agamemnouis exemplo Aulide sacra facere instituisset, 
a Boeotarchis coutumeiiose impeditus Epliesum navigavit. Agesi- 
iaus cum aperuisset Tissapherni se ad iiberandas Graecas in Asia 
civitates venisse, inducias hic iureiurando interposit') pactus, dum a 
rege illud conficeret, bellum comparavit: sed religiose fidem serva- 
vit Agesilaus. Interim Graeci Asiatici Lysandrum ita observabant ut 
ipse regis, Agesilaus privati hominis speciem liaberet Sensit Ly- 
sander ea re offendi Agesilaum petiitque ab eo ut sibi aiibi aliquid 
muneris gerendum assignaret. Missus ergo in HeUespontum etsi 
A.gesilao non inutilem se praebebat, tamen non magnam ab eo ini- 
bat gratiam. Tissaphemes novis a rege missis copiis superbns bel- 
lum indicit Agesilao, ni ex Asia excedat. Sed Agesilaus niliil ter- 
ritus in Phrygiam irrupit et magpia praeda potitus est. Gum per 
aiiquod tempus tuto illam regionem depopnlatus esset, casu con- 
currunt equites Agesilai cum Phamabazi equitibus, quos ille pene 
victores in fugam ooniecit pedestri exercitu. Insequenti die cun: 
sacra fecisset infausto omine, versus mare^se convertit et equitatu 
maxime se instraere coepit. Ineunte vere Agesilaus Ephesi summo 
ttndio bellum paravit. Deinde postquam caliiditatem Tbsaphemis, 
eiuserat, armis etiam eum superavit. Ipse Tissaphemes cum in 
pugna uon adfuisset, Artaxends proditionis insimulatum misso Ti- 
tlirauste interfici jussit (c. 4.). A Titlirauste cum Agesilaus ex Asia 
discedere juberetur, et hic potius regem ipsum adoriri meditaretur, 
quinquaginta talentis ille Graecos in Europa cormpit, ut bellum 
Lacedaemoniis inferrent. Caiiide rem instituemnt, qui pecunias il- 
.as accep6runt, ita ut ipsi Lacedaemonii belium movere et Theba- 
nos petere coacti essent. Sed infeiioiter illa expeditio cessit. lu' 
(erfecto enim ad Ualiartum Lysandro rex ipse Pausanias sponte cum 
exercitu abiit : qui absens crimine proditioids damnatus Tegeae morbo 
mortuus est (c. 5.). 

LIB. IV. 

Spithridatis suasu Agesilaus in Paphlagoniam profectus cum Otye 
rege init societatem: cui matrimonio iungit Spithridatis fiiiam. Hi- 
bema constituit Dascylii. Hic cum Herippidas praedatum egressus 
Spitliridati res captas abstulisset, hic noctu cum suis clam ad 
Ariaenm abiit. Mox ApoUophanes Cyzicenus, hospes et Phama- 
bazi et Agesikii, perfecit ut hi venirent in colioquium, in quc 
Pharaabazus hanc tulit conditionem ut si a rege Persamm alius 
cttiuspiam imperio subiioiatur, cum Agesilao societatem faciat, sin 
ipsi sommum imperium committatur, bellum strenue cum Agesilao 
gerat. Delectatus eius oratione Agesilaus spopondit se statim ex 
eius ditione abitumm, et concessit in campum Thebes. Sed cum 
magna moliretur adversus regem, revocatur domum ad defenden- 
dam patriam (c. 1.). Itaque adiunctis ex Asia sociis eodem itinere 

C« 



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XXXVI SUMMARIA. 

■ rediit qno Xerxes ad bellam Grfteciae inferendam iverat. Interim 
eam Corinthii onm sodis de belli ratione consnitarent , Lacedaemo- 
nii iam in agmm prooesserant Sicyonioram. In pugna socii Laoe- 
daemonionim oedunt praeter Pellenaeos, ipsi yinoaot et victores bo- 
cioram redeuntes caedunt (o. 2.). Nunciatnr haec pugna AgesLao, 
qui oontinuo ciyitatibus Asiaticis eandem nnntiari iubet. In Thessalia 
yexatnr a Boeotiorum sodis: sed equitibus snis Thessalos ipsos 
equitatu mazime valentes yincit. Ad Boeotiam accedenti nuntius 
affertur de infelid pugna navali: quo dissimulato effecit ut in leri 
proelio Lacedaemonii superiores discederent. Pugna ad Coroneam 
in eaque virtus Agesilai. Finito bello decimam partem praedae con- 
secrayit Apollini (c. 3.). Apud Gorinthios ultimo Eudeonim die 
optimates pads cnpidi ab adversarib necopini oaeduntur. Ab eo 
tempore cum tota civitas sub Arg^voram ditionem ventura videre- 
tur, Pasimelus et Aldmenes in praesidiis ad portus constituti noctu 
Praxitam Lacedaemonium Sicyone cum suis adduotum intra muros 
redpiunt, Insequuto die facta pugna vinonnt Laeedaemonii ^ qnl 
deinde parte muroram longorum dirata et Sidunte Cronmiyoneque 
capta munierant Epiiciam. Inde conductitio milite utrinque beUa- 
tum. Iphicrates irrapit Phliuntem: Phliasii sponte arcessunt Lace- 
daemonios iisque dvitatem suam tuendam tradunt. Athenienses mu- 
ros Corinthioram diratos refidunt: quos AgesUaus rarsus demolitur 
(c. 4.). Postea oum Piraeo portu Corinthii opes suas tuerentur, rar- 
^us LacedaemonU Agesilao duce bellum Us Uitnlerant. Hic cum re 
perisset portum Ulum magno praesidio munitum, caUide fecit ut 
praesidii^i discederent ipsique occupandi portns facultatem praebe- 
rent. Oocupavit et castelTum: quo faoto u qui Heraeum confugerant 
sponte se suaque ipsi dedidernnt. Eius laetitiam turbavit nuntius 
de mora Lacedaemoniornm deleta. Nam Amydaeos ad celebranda 
Hyadnthia ituros peltastae Iphicrate duce paucis exceptis conciderant. 
Agesilaus deinde reUcta ad tuendum Lechaeum mora domum est 
profectus (c. 5.). Cum Calydonii Achaeoram socii ab Acaraanibus 
bello peterentnry denuo Laoedaemonii duce AgesUao exdtantur ad 
opem Achaeis ferendam. Cum his ergo coninnctus AgesUaus Acar- 
naniam vastavit eorumque oopias M&U NuUam tamen cepit ur- 
bem. Quare cum minus satisfecisset Achaeis, promisit se insequenti 
anno bellum redintegratnram, atque ita domum rediit (o. 6.). Initio 
veris cum bellum sibi a Laoedaemoniis instare viderent Acaraanes, 
cum his sodetatem, cum Achaeis pacem fecernnt. Laoedaemonu 
antem beUum adversus Argivos deceraunt: quos Agesipolis repente 
oppressos vehementer afQixit. Mag^a vero audacia proxime ad urbem 
accessit et magnum Us saepe terrorem inonssit (c' 7.). Interim 
Pharaabazus et Conon, per insulas et urbes maritimas harmostis 
Lacedaemonioram expulsis, multos sibi sodos adiunxerant. Abydnm 
vero et Sestum tenebai Dercylidas. Initio anni Pharaabazus cum 
Conone magna classe ad Peloponnesum acoedit et multa maritima 



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s u II M A R I > xxxvn 

yasUt. Inde se recipiens Cythera occnpat, et harmosta praesidio- 
que ibi relicto iBthmam Corinthi petit, nbi aocios confirmat et peon- 
nia omat. Hinc cum rediret domum dassem reiiquit Gononi : qniy 
nt promiserat, deinde muros longos Piraeique munitionem magna es 
parte restituit. Lacedaemonii hac re audita Antalcidam mittunt» 
qui Tiribazo exponeret quid remm pecunia regia gereretur, pacem' 
que cum rege faceret. Ezponit liic mandata et offert» ut omnes in- 
sulae et civitates Asiaticae sint liberae. Miserant et Athenienses re- 
liquique legatos, quibus ilU conditio yidebatur iniquissima. Tiriba- 
sns Lacedaemoniis clam pecunia instractis Cononem coniecit in vin- 
cula et profectus ad regem de his rebus retulit. Rex mittit Stra- 
Ibam ad res maritimas gerendas. Hic favebat Atheniensibus : unde 
Lacedaemonii adversus eum mittunt Thibronem, sed infausto snc- 
cesBu. Ad exsules Rhodioram restituendos popularemque statum 
toUendam Lacedaemonii mittunt Ecdicum nauarchum; Dipliridam 
tntem adversus Stratliam. Ecdico Lacedaemonii snbsidio cumnavi- 
bus mittunt Teleutiam ; Athenienses adversus illos Thrasybulum. Hic 
omissa Rhodo Thracum reges dissidentes conciliavit, et deinde By- 
zantio et Chalcedone recuperata Lesbnm navigat et Mytilenis, quae 
sola urbs AUieniensibns fida manserat, confirmatis ad Methymnam 
Lacedaemonios vincit. lo Tlirasybuli ab Aspendiis occisi locum suf 
fidnnt Athenienses Agyrrhinm, et in Hellespontum , ubi Lacedaemo- 
nii Anaxibio duce multa moliebantur» mittunt Iphicratem. Qni posk 
\evia proelia cum accepisset Anaxibium cum suis Antandram abiisse 
noctn Abydum traiecit et redeuntem ex insidiis oppressit. Anaxibius 
ipse fortiter pugnans cecidit: eius autem copiae partim fuga ela- 
psae partim caesae sunt (c. 8). 

LIB. V. 

Aeginetas Lacedaemonioram permissu ex Attica praedas agen* 
tes oppugnant Athenienses, Horum classem Teleutias Lacedaemo- 
niuB Aigat. Honores Teleutiae a militibus habiti. Successit ei Hie- 
raxy et huic Antalcidas, qui Nicolochum mittit Abydum. Interim 
Eunomus praefectus classis Atheniensium cum ab Aeg^na noctu pro- 
fectof Atticam accederet, Gorgopas Lacedaemonius ,cum decem na- 
vibus modico intervallo tacite insecntus eum opprimit, et captis 
quattuor triremibus Aeginam redit. Eodem Chabrias deinde nocto 
vectus insidias ponit. Re animadversa Gorgopas cum Aeginetis 
aliisque ei occurrit: sed ipse cum multis Aeginetaram cadit: reliqui 
diffugiunt. Hinc rarsus Teleutias mlssus magno militum gaudio ex- 
cipitur. Hic cum duodecim navibus ipsum Piraeeum noctu invadere 
ansus aliquot navibus abreptis Aeginam reversns e praeda nautis et 
militibus stipendia numeravit. Antalcidam Athenienses in errorem 
inducti frastra persequnntur. Ipse contra Thrasybulum CoUytensem 
com octo triremibus capit. Postea navalibus copiis ita est auctus, ut 



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XXXVIII SUMMARIA. 

totius marig videretur habere imperium. lam Athenientes paci< 
quam belli cupidiores faoti. Simul et Lacedaemonii et Argivi de 
pace cogitare coeperunt. Habebat eo tempore Tiribacus eius con- 
ditioues a rege acceptas, quarum caput erat, ut onmes Graecae ci- 
vitates et insnlae exceptis paucis sui essent iuris. Placebat conditio 
omnibuB praeter Thebanos: quos tamen Agesiiaus belii terrore coe- 
git ut Boeotiis civitatibus ccvtovofiiav redderent. Pari modo Corin- 
•hios et ArgiYos commnni foederi subiecit (c 1.). lam in sooios 
etiam dubiae fidei Lacedaemouii animadvertere coeperunt et primo 
Mantineensium urbem penitus sustulerunt. lam exsules Phiiasiorum, 
temporibus usi, ad Lacedaemonios de rebus suis confugiunt. Hi 
per legatos Phliuntem missos rogant nt iiios restituant. Pliliasiiy qui 
cognatos exsulum aiiosque rerum novarum studiosos timerent, eos 
confesiim revocant et iis bona sua publice restituunt. Legati Acan- 
tho et Apoilonia missi Lacedaemonem Olynthiorum impotentiam ac- 
cusant et quid pericuii ab iUis immineat ostendunt. Statim igitur 
Lacedaemonii adversus iilos mittnnt Endamidam cum copiis quas e 
proximo cogere potuerant, et huius fratrem cum reliqub Phoebidam 
subsequi iubenl. Hic cum processisset ad Thebas, quae civitas dis> 
cordia dviii tum laborabat, Leontiades alterius factionis princeps ei 
arcem tradidit et deinde confestim adversarium ut patriae hostem 
abstralii iussit. Hinc contendit Spartam. Lacedaemoniis et Agesi- 
lao maxime hoo factimi placebat, miseruntque qui de Ismenia iudi 
c^rent. Hoc interfecto Leontiades cum suis Thebas tenens magnis 
ad bellum Olynthiacum copiis Lacedaemonios iuvit , praesertim cum 
Teleutiam Agesilai fratrem harmostam misissent. Expeditio ipsa feli- 
siter cessit, et quanquam initio dubia fuerat victoria fortiter pugnan- 
tibus Olynthiis, tamen cum praeiium prope urbem committeretur, 
viderenturque Lacedaemonii esse irrnpturi, cesserunt tandem Olyn- 
ihii, et multis suorum amissis in urbem se receperunt (c. 2.). Te- 
leutias cum ad vastandojB Oiyntliiorum agros egressus audacius eo- 
rum equites excurrere vidisset, primo Tlemonidam in eos impetum 
facere iubet, mox cum hic multis suorum amissis cecidisset, ipse 
cum onmibus copiis eos ad muros usque persequitur. Sed erum- 
pentes Olynthii eum prostemunt Lacedaemouiosque omnes partim 
fuga disiiciunt, partim concidunt. Maiorem postea adversus Olyn- 
thios exercitum duce Agesipolide mittunt. Interim Phliasii cum ex- 
sulibus fidem non praestarent, hi ad Lacedaemonios confugiunt eos- 
que ad beilum excitant. lam Agesilaus Phliuntem obsidet et callide 
benignitate necessarios exsulum elicit ex urbe et ad partes suas tra- 
ducit. Interea Olynthios vexat Agesipolis; sed pauilo post morbo 
mortuus refertur in patriam. Phliunte Delphion quidam cum tre- 
centis diu obsidentes vexat: sed tandem penuria victus agit de de- 
ditione. Laoedaemoniorum civitas totam rem commisit Agesilai ar- 
bitrio. Hic quanquam debebat esse iratior, tamen magna humanitate 
adversus Pliliasios ea in re usus est. Olynthii in fidem recepti (o. 



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SUMMARIA. XXXIX 

3.). Thebanis vero poenam dedemnt Lacedaemonii. Nam panoi 
qnidam Thebani clam facta conspiratione occisis tyrannis Gadmeam 
cum Atheniensibns aocitis inyadant et Lacedaemoniomm praesidinm 
ad deditionem cogunt. Morte mnltant Lacedaemonii harmostam qni 
Cadmeam Thebanis reddiderat. lam yero cum Agesilaus aetatem 
exousaret, adversus hos bellum Cleombroto mandant. Qni oum fere 
nihil egisset, reliquit Thespiis cum tertia sociorum parte Sphodriam 
harmostam, domumque rediit. Inusitata procella in eius reditu. The- 
bani ne soli bellum haberent cum Lacedaemoniis, Sphodriam corru- 
peranty ut in Atticam irramperet. Hoo ille facit insciis Lacedaemo- 
niis, atque arcessitus, cum in iudicio oapitali non comparaisset, ta- 
men ob virtutes et merita in patriam, yel potius deprecante apud 
Agesilaum Arohidamo, absolutus est. Gommovit hoo Athenienses 
ut iam Boeotios onmi ope iuyarent. Lacedaemonii autem rarsus 
Agesilao duce bellum iisdem inferunt. Sed hio non multis rebus 
gestis domum rediit, Thespiis rellcto Phoebida harmosta. Hio primo 
multum agri yastabat Thebanoram. Sed ad pngnam Thebani pro- 
fecti eum prosteraunt eiusque exercitum caedunt et fhgant. Agesi- 
laut suscepta adyersus Thebas ezpeditione simularat se primo The- 
spias yenturam. Hoo falso nuntio decepit Thebanos, et alia loca 
atque ipsi putarant ingressus multa depopulatus est, priusquam illi 
rebus suis subsidio yenire possent. Deinde cum aceessissent , ipsas 
rhebas yersus deflectens eos permoyit ut cursu ad urbem magno 
anfttiotu contenderent. Sciritae eos usque ad moenia persecuti, re- 
yertentibus inde Thebanis, oelenter se recipiunt. Tropaeum igitur 
statuunt Thebani. Postero die Agesilaus abiit Thespias. Ibi dis^ 
eordias ciyiles sedayit, et inde cum snis domum est profectus. ThO' 
bani duas triremes frnmenta emtnm emittunt Pagasas. Has cum 
firumento et trecentis hominibus capit Aletas Lacedaemonius Oreum 
Buboeae tenens captosque in arce includit. Sed commodam nacti 
oocasionem ipsi aroem occupant: qno facto ciyitas defecit a Lace- 
daemoniis, neque amplius Tliebani firumento oaraerant. Morbus Age- 
silai* Cleombrotus adyersus Thebas profectus cum Cithaerone ab 
hostibus deieetuB esset, reyersus est ezercitumque dimisit. lam 
suasu soeioram Lacedaemonii magnam olassem parant, qua maxime 
re fhimentaria intercluderent Athenienses. Sed hi Chabria duce 
yictores nayibus annonariis tutum Athenas cursum praestiterunt. 
Mox et Boeotioram rogatn dassem sexaginta nayium Timotheo duce 
adyersus eos miserunt. Timotheus oiyitates drca Corcyram aequi- 
(ate sibi adiunxit. Contra enm Laoedaemonii mittunt Nieolochumf 
hominem yalde audacem, qul a nayibus nondum satis instractns ia- 
feliciter pugnayit (c 4.). 



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XL SUMMARIA. 

LIB. VI. 

luterim ad Phocenses bello petitos a Thebanis proficiscitur Qe- 
ombrotus. Eodem fere tempore Lacedaemonem venit Polydamas 
Pharsalius, ciyitatis suae princeps, petiturus auxilia adversus laso- 
nem hominem potentissimum, qui vel precibus vel amus Pharsaium 
sibi adiungere vellet. Lacedaemonii cum ei non possent satisfacere, 
redux cum lasone rem composuit ita, ut ille, quod cupierat, totius 
Thessaiiae constitueretur imperator (c. 1.). Athenienses cum vide- 
rent Thebanorum opes augeri, suas minui, pace cum Lacedaemoniis 
facta Timotheum revocant domum. At hio in reditu simul exsules 
Zacynthiorum in sedibus suis reponit: unde sequenti anno novum 
bellum. Ob Timothel factum Lacedaemonii suis et sociorum opi- 
bus magnam classem exomant Mnasippo duce ad Corcyram Athe 
aiensibus eripiendam. Quo facto cum Goroyraei undique inclusi 
fame premerentnr, Atheniensium auxilinm imploramnt, qui post alios 
ds misemnt Iphicratem. Sed antequam hic adveniret, Mnasippi te- 
meritate faotum ut Corcyraei facta emptione Laoedaemonios magna 
elade aCficerent. Ipse Mnasippus ceddit, reiiqui metu adventantis Iplii- 
cratis Leucadem profugemnt. Laudatur Iphicrates et eiut disciplina nau- 
tica. Cum venisset Corcyram decem triremes a Dionysio Syracusis Cor- 
eyram missas capit, ipsamque iam Laconicam petere cogitabat. Lau- 
datur tota eius expeditio (c. 2.). Athenienses a Thebanis offens* 
optimum putabant eos invitare ad paoem cum Lacedaemoniis facien- 
dam. Itaque et ipsi cum sociis legatos Spartam misemnt» et The- 
bani» Boeotiomm omnium, ut ipsi quidem volebant, nomine iuraturi. 
Postquam Callistratus ille praeter alios oratores dixerat, his legibus 
pax convenit ut Lacedaemonii harmostas undique revocarent, exer- 
citus omnes dimitterent, civitatibus libertatem redderent» licerety si 
quis haeo migraret, sncourrere violatis. lurarunt itaque Laoedae- 
monii suo sociommque nonune, Athenienses autem per se, ut et 
ipsorum civitates sociae. In Thebanis vero res manebat ambigua 
(c. 3.). Thebani cum civitatibns Boeotiae libertatem non red- 
derenty Cleombrotns Ephoromm iussu adversus eos e Phooide 
profectus improviso adventu Creusin urbem et duodecim itriremes 
cepit et deinde ad Leuctra castra metatus est. Non longo intervallo 
castra posuerant Thebani. Utrisque autem conmiodum videbatur 
pugnare. Sed infausta omnia cecidemnt Lacedaemoniis, ita ut gra- 
vissima clade afQigerentur et plus mille suorum amissb in fugam 
se darent. Ephori de hao re certiores facti collectis undique copii» 
Archidamum subsidio mittunt. Thebani vero Athenienses permovere 
student ut hoo tempore tam commodo poenas a Lacedaemoniis re- 
petant. Sed ab his minus benigne exoepti lasonem excitant. Hio 
cum venisset in Boeotiam tam Lacedaemonios qnam Thebanos pru 
denti oratione a beiio determit. Itaque illi Archidamo obviam pro- 
fecti domum rediemnt. lason per Phooidem rediens praeter alia nt 



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SUMMARIA. XLI 

in Lostico hostiliter facta Heracleae munitiones diruit, nt tutior ipsi 
pateret transitus in Graeciam. Pytliia celebrare parat lason lucu- 
lenta victimarum copia. Sed dum Pheraeorum equites icstrat, a 
septem adolescentulis quasi de controversia quadam eum accedenti- 
bus Intei-iicitnr. Ei succedunt in imperio fratres Polydorus et Poly- 
pliron, et his deinceps Alexander. Hic saevus et domi et foris fraude 
uxoris periit. Ex quo Tisiphonus imperium tenebat quo tempore 
haeo scribebat Xenophon (c. 4.)* Cum Peioponnesii etiamnum au< 
spicia Lacedaemoniorum sequerentur, Athenienses agebant cum civi- 
tatibus ut se legibus pacis Antalcidae obstringerent. Fecerunt hoc 
quos conyocarant omnes praeter Eleos, qui civitates qnasdam liberas 
dimittere nolebant. Mantineenses rursus in unam urbem invitis La- 
cedaemoniis ooeunt. Apud Tegeatas Callibius universnm concilium 
Arcadum constituere volebat: ilii adversabatur Stasippi faotio. Orto 
mde bello Mantineensibus onm Gallibio coniunotis Stasippus cum 
suis periit. Poenas a Mantineensibus repetitum Lacedaemonii mit- 
tnnt Agesilaum. Sed quanquam interim illi Orchomeniis rursus bel- 
Inm inferebanty tamen Agesilaus cunctandum ratns, cum hostes in 
eampo potestatem sui non facerent, in Laconicam reversus dimisit 
exercitum , domumque rediit. Thebani ab Aroadibus vocati cnm 
Agesilaum viderent abiisse domum , domum et ipsi redire volebant : 
sed multorum precibus et cohortationibns victi in Laconicam irru- 
perunt et vastatis agris prope aocessemnt ad urbem. In hoc tn- 
«nultu Lacedaemonii Helotes armant. Locant et insidias : e quibus 
bostes oppressos in fugam verterunt atque ita termerunt nt ab urbe 
discederent. Interim et Athenas miserunt legatos, qui opem eius 
oivitatis implorarent, in quorum oratione illnd maxime movit Athe- 
vienses, quod Lacedaemonii olim Thebanomm auctoritati obstiterunt, 
neque passi erant Atheniensium civitatem plane exscindi. Prorsus 
autem admirabilis erat oratio Proclis Phliasii. Denique iis mise> 
runt Iphicratem cum omnibus copiis, ouius tamen opera tnm fere 
fuit nulla, felioiterque videtur cessbse quod sponte Thebani domnm 
redierant (c. 5.) 

LIB. VII. 

lam nova legatio Lacedaemoniorum venit Athenas deliberatum 
quibus legibus sooietas esset* ineunda. Hic etsi pradens Proclifl ora- 
tio magna laude ab onuibns excepta est; suaserat antem ut Athe- 
nienses mari, Lacedaemonii terra gererent imperium: tamen in Ce- 
phisodoti sententiam decreverant ut alterais per quinos dies ntriqne 
summam reram tenerent. Lacedaemonii cum Atheniensibus ad Co~ 
rinthum congregati difficillimam Onei montis partem defendendam 
soscipiuot. Sed Thebani sub diluculum oppressos inde deiicinnt, 
et d^de oum Arcadibus* Kleis ct Argfvifi coniuneti multa vastant; 



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XLII S U M M A R I A. 

Ociintlinm vero invasuri g^viter acoipiontiir. Interim a Dionysio 
veniunt triremes Tiginti. Gnm ergo a Corintho ad mare Tbebani 
agpros obsiderent, Atheniensibus et Corinthiis niliil andentibus, quin- 
quaginta fere Dionysii equites illos mire vexatos fatigabant. Paucis 
post diebus Thebani redeunt domum. lam vero Lycomedes Manti- 
neensis magnos Arcadibus iniicit spiritus, eosque deterruit, ne am- 
plius sub Thebanis agerenti sed oommune imperium postularent. 
Hinc facti snnt Thebanis invisi , et ob similem arrogantiam Eleis. 
Distractis iam eorum animis venit ab Ariobarzane cum magnis pe- 
emiis Philisons et Thebanos Lacedaemoniosque convocavit Delphos 
aa paoem restitnendam. Hic cum Messenen Lacedaemonii liberam 
dimittere noUent, ad belium iis faciendum Philiscns magnnm exerci- 
tum paravit. Auidlia itemm mittit Dionysius. Cum liis et Lace- 
daemoniis Arohidamus Caryas expugnat et incolas omnes tmoidat et 
vastat Parrhasiomm agros. lam Cissidas dux Sionlomm oum pro- 
fectionem pararet, hostes reditum eius interoludere oonabantur: sed 
ab Archidamo ineredibili oiade sunt afPeoti, salvis omnibus ad nnuni 
Lacedaemoniis. Thebani imperium Graeoomm dudum afiTeotantet 
Pelopidam mittunt ad regem: qui oonsilio et eloquentia impetravit 
ab eo ut pads formulam soriberet, ex qua Messene a Lacedaemo- 
niis libera esset) Athenienses naves subducerent, reliquae civitates 
liaeo armis defenderent. In hano formnlam oum Corintliii iurare 
nollent, oomplures aliae oivitates huius exemplum secutae oonatum 
Thebanorum feoemnt urritum. Epaminondas civitates Achaiae parti- 
bus Thebanomm adinngere cupiens beilo eas petit. Sed oum opti- 
mates statim oum eo se ooniungerent , nihil aliud nisi foedus oum 
iis pepigit, ex quo sooii Tbebanornm essent in omni bello. Hi ci- 
vitatum prinoipes oum (^pressa populari faotione Laoedaemoniis 
studerenty Arcades in medio oonstituti ancipiti premebantur perioulo. 
Apud Sioyonioe Euphron populare imperium, ut videri volebat, insti- 
tuit, sed reipsa tyrannidem ocoupavit (o. 1.). Phliasii autem ab 
Argivis et Sioyoniis eommeatu privati firmam cnm Laoedaemoniis 
amicitiam tuebantur. Huius fidei et fortitudinis plura documenta 
etiam e superioribus annis profemntnr, in qnibus illud, quod cum 
Ipsomm exsules ab £Ieorum Arcadumque mann adiuti dolo in nrbem 
irmissent et captam iam tenerent acropolin , eos inde effngere et 
partim e muris desilire coegerunt (c. 2.). Aeneas Arcadum dux Si- 
oyoniis domestieo malo laborantibus cum exercitn succnrrit; et in 
acropolin convooat eorum prinoipes et exsules non publice eieetos. 
Enphron statim confugit in portum, eumque tradit Lacedaemoniis. 
Postea eum Thebani Sicyoniam aoropolin tenerent, in Boeotiam pro- 
fectus cum Thebanis de tota Sicyonis urbe sibi tradenda agere vo- 
lebat. Sed in ipsa Cadmea a oivibus quibusdam suis occisus est (c» 
S.). Oropum, sociam Atheniensium civitatem, exsules ocoupant. 
Arcades snasuLyoomedis de societate cum Atheniensibns agunt eam- 
qne obtinent. Eodem tempore Athenienses fhistra Corinthi irope- 



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SUMMARIA. ILIII 

rium affectabant. Gam vero Corinthii de rebus suis iam magis sol- 
Ikiti laborarent, foedua fecenmt cam Laoedaemoniis et T^ebanis 
hao lege nt qnantom in ipsis esset ab omni beiio abstinerent. Eo- 
dem tempore Dionysins innior Lacedaemoniis misit dnodecim trire- 
mes, quibus 11 li adluti Sellasiam oppngnamnt. Elei Lasionem Ar- 
cadum urbem ut antiqnitns suam occnpant. Arcades Elidem nr- 
bem occnpant, ex qna tamen mox sunt eiecti. Discordia Elei da- 
dum laborabant. Unde Arcades ab altemtra factione adiuti facilius 
reliquos snperabant. Postea cum Achaei ad societatem Eleorum ac- 
eessissent, et eomm nrbem cnm praesidio tuerentur, Arcades cnm 
aocepissent Peilenenses Elidem tueri, Oluram occupamnt, e qno ipso 
tamen vi snnt ezpnlsi. Nova expe(JUtio Arcadum feliciter cedit. laro 
Lacedaemonii ab Eleis excitati ad bellum adversns Arcadas Archi- 
damo dnce Cromnnm occupant, praesidioqne relicto domnm redennt. 
Arcades statim Cromnum obsident. Denuo igitnr mittitnr Archida- 
mus: sed rem gerit infeliciter. Interim ipsi Elei ^snles vincunt et 
Pylum- expugnant. lam Lacedaemonii noctu Cromnum profecti val* 
(um occnpant et suos ex urbe evocant. Sed cum Arcadcs concurre. 
rent, plus centum praesidiariomm in eomm venemnt potestatem. 
Seqnitur tempus ludomm Olympicomm, quos Arcades cum Pisatls 
appararo coeperant. Sed Elei prope Olympiam inusitata fortitudine 
cum iis conflixerant, et pene e loco sacro deiecemnt. Sed tamen 
eum postridie yallo et fossa locum viderent mnnitnm, Elidem re- 
dierunt. Cum Arcadum principes pecunia Olympicis sacris dicata 
abnterentur ad nnmerandum Eparitis stipendlum, Mantineenses primi, 
post et alii hnio saorilegio obsistere coepemnt. Hinc magni motns. 
Nam illi acrins causam acturi Thebanorum auxilia reqnimnt. Publico 
tamen decreto Thebani rogati snnt, ne iam copias in Arcadiam mit- 
lerent, et pace cnm Eleis restituta iam convivia securi et laeti Tegeae 
celebrabant. Sed principes illi et praefectus quidam Thebanomm 
qnam pinrimos convivantlum comprdiensos in custodiam dnxemnt. 
Plnrimi autem inprimis Mantineensinm , qui praeter ceteros custo- 
diri debebant, cum eiapsi essent, res aliter atque illi volnerant, ce- 
cidit. luprimis Thebanns ille ab Arcadibus domi accnsatns labora- 
bat. Sed Epaminondas eius causae favens duram dedit legatis re- 
sponsum; bellum Boeotios Arcadiae illatnros, quod sine ipsomm au- 
ctoritate pacem fecissent (c. 4.). Epaminondas cum primum potnit 
cnm sociis transiit in Peloponnesnm, et frastra exspectatis Athenien- 
sibus, quos intercipere cogitabat, Tegeam profectns est. Hic ubi 
audierat Agesilaum iam domo cum copiis exiisse, recta contendit 
Spartam, qnam vacnam occupasset, nisi Agesflaus re andita mature 
recurrisset. Ad urbem antem Epaminondas conflixit infausto Marte, 
atque inde celeriter Tegeam rediit, missis Mantineam equitibus. 
Eodem paullo ante venerant Atheniensium eqnites, qui opportanis- 
simo tempore acerrime pngnantes commeatnm Mantineensinm ser- 
varant. Epaminondas bis snperatns delere hoc dedecus decravit. 



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XLIV SUMMARIA. 

Haque confirmatis animis militum se ad noyum pioelium paravit: et 
delasis aliqua ounctatione hostibus, conferto in cunei formam agmine 
«onun aciem perrupit et ad fugam compulit. lam ipse cadit: sui 
victoria uti nesciunt: itaque a victis multi caeduntur: denique victo- 
ria utrius partis fuerit dubitari coeptum est. Geterum lioc tanto 
totius pene Graeciae confiictu niliil confectum est: contra maior 
qiam ante fuerat rerum perturbatio exstitit (c. 5.). 



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SBNO^HNTOS 
EAAHNIKA, 



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fiat^ ^ccg avxov xQi!^€igy cog ^vot/ys, nsfl xo '{\>^ 
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nata x^ ^va fiixQi Ssikqg i^ sco^^vov, xal xa ^ 
Xenoph. Hist. Gr. 1 



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2 LIB. I. CAP. I. 

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ddvotv deov6atg etxo6i vavaCv. ivxev^Bv d\ gyvy^ 
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*Afiv8ov dvr^ynivat slsv slg Kv^txovy avtbg ftkv ns^Q 
^X^^sv slg £ri6t6v^ tdg 8% vavg nsQtnXstv ixst6s iTii^ 

12 Xsv6sv. insl & ^Xd^ov^ dvdys^d^at fj^rj avtov iiiX- 
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fiovXog stxo6tv stiQatg ix @d6ov^ diig)6tsQot ^pyv* 



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LIB. I. CAP. I. 3 

goXayfixotsg. ^AXxi^PuidTig di sbcmv xol t(yutoig dim^lB 
HSiv a^dtov iislofiivoLg ta fisydla l6tla avtog ink&v-- 
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^xov stg Ilifomifvrfiov. ixst if iavd-ovto ort MCvda- 14 
Qog hf Kv^lxp stfi xal 0a(fvdfiaiog fistd tov Ttstov. 
tavtviv nkkv ovv t^v ^(liQav avtov i^istvavj ty dh 
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xal td (uxQa 6vvri^Q0i6s naQ savtdv^ onmg (iridslg 
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6xsva6dfksvog dg inl vav(jLa%iav dvrfydysto inl tr[v 
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rdg ih vaSg ot ^A^vaXoi» ^%ovto ayovtsg andaag stg 

Hfoxowrfiov nX^v tmv SvQam6imv ixsivag 8% 

1* 



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4 LIB. I. CAP. I 

lHavtol natiww^v ot JSvQOHOifioi. Bxst&sv 8i rg 
v0regata inXeov oC ^A&vfvaiob hti Kvi^HOv, ot ih Kv^ 
ttnipfol tmv IlBXonovvfi^tmv xtd 0aQvafiiatov ^sciU- 

20n6vtmv avt^ i8i%ovto tovg ^A^rfvalovg^ ^Akmfim^ 
dfig 8h ftstvag avtov BlK06iv r^Qag ^ 'jij^^^ta 
TCoXka kafiiov na^ tmv KvfitxfivtSv ovdep alAo xa^ 
xov igyaediiBvog iv ty nokBv axijtXsvem 9ig IlifOr' 

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xal 86xatevti]Qtov xatB6xBva6av iv avvQ^ xal t^p 
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akko 8vvcHvto fikdmBiv tovg nokBfUovg^ ot A' 

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anB6^va' nBtvmvtt tmv^Qsg. dnoQlo^g tl fg^ 

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6ag toifg vavtag ^vkaxag xofti^nfiB t^g imvtov nm^ 

25 Qa^^aXatttag y^g. xal 6vyxaXi6ag tovg ts dno tmf 
noXBmv 6tQatfiyovg xal^tfiQdQXiovg imdXivs fmim^^ 
fBMha tQiiJQBtg iv ^Avtdf^fQq^ o6ag Sma4tot dmd^ 



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LIB. I. CAP. I. 5 

SfMa w^ ^Avt9tv9plovg tovteigpvg Ti 4nsvila6m^ jcol 
ip Tf^ ipQO^nQ^ ^n^^av itmftmv fndli&tt$, dm tmta 
ih av€Qyt6ia fa xol ^ix^sCd JEvQanoftCoi^g iv'AP9fdw^ 
8q^ iovi. 0aQQmfi€^6 piv ovv xavta dwtil^ cv- 
9^g Ug KaXpiBova ifio4^> 

'Ep dh tm XQov^ mvty '^yyHdTf totg tmv JSv- 27 
Qaao6i(ov OtQatTfyotg obfo&sv oti <psvyot9v vxEO tov 
diffftov. 6vfxaXi6avt$g ovv tovg iavtmv ^tQatimag 
^EQitOKQatovg XQotiyoQOVvtog ogMAoijpVQOvto t^ iav- 
tav ^vfMpoQivy mg iiittmg fp&iyomf Smavtsg xaQa 
tov vofjnov' MQgv€6iv 7S XQo^vffovg bIvcu xal ta 
Xoatiy j£6mQ ta ^QOtSQa^ moI ovdQccg iya^ovg MQog 
tic id na^ayysXXopbSvaj fisitvfffiivovg o6ag ts vav- 
pMjnlms avtiA H(x%'^ ainwg vBvmii«aTS «al vavg slki^ 
ipats^ o6a ts p,sta tmv SciXmv anfvnjtot ysyovats 
illMv "^ovpivan/j ta^iv i%ovtsg t^qv HQOttctffif 9m 
ts tinv 'ifistiQov aQSf^ xal 8ta ti^ vfbStiQav itQO- 
^vft&cv xal nata y^^i xata ^iXattw vxiQff3V6av. 
ilia^i 8i ixiisvov OQXpvtag^ fi^Q^ ^^ wplxayvtai 
ol ^^QffftivoL ivt ixeivBfv, ol 9^ avafioi^f9kvtsg ixi- 28 
Xsvov insivovg Hqxsiv^ xvA fbaXe6ta ot tQtfiQaQxot 
xal oC ixtfiitat xal oC xvfisQvfjfcai, ot 9' ovx i(pa6av 
9sSv 0xa6ii^Lv ^CQog tijv iavtmv noXiv' si 9i tig 
ixixaXoifi tt avtotg, Xoyov bpa6av XQ^^ 9t96vat. 
ov9sv6g 9i oi^j^v inattt&pivov ^ 9softivwv fystvavHd 
&og wpixovto ot av^ imCvan/ 6tQat7ffoC^ ^ftaQxog 
ts ^B«t96xov xal Mvoxmv MsvsxQatovg xal notapig 
rvm6tog. tmv 9h tQtfjQiQX^:^ optooavtsg ot nXstotot 
xsttaHstv avGOVg^ inav s^ JDoQOXov^ag iapixmvtat^ 
ansniftifavto onot ifiovXovto nivtag inatvovvtsg' 



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6 LIB. 1. CA.P. I. 

SOldia dhotTCQog EQiioxQatfi itQo^oiiiko^vteg iidJU^ta 
in6%^6av xrpf ts imfiiXsLav xal 7tQo9v(iiav xal xo^- 
votrpsa, mv y&Q iy{yvm0xs tovg inmxs6tatovg xol 
tQi/qifa^mv xal xvfisQvritSv xal imfiatAv^ ixdetfis 
illUQag TtQ^ xa\ xQog i^xiQov 0walt^cDV ^Qog 
tr^v 6xipnjv trjv iavtov dvsivvovto o^tt iiisXXsv ^ 
Xiysiv ^ TtQdttstv^ xaxsCvovg idCSaffxs xsXsvc9v Afi- 
ystv ta fihv dno tov naQaxQrJliay td dh fiovXsvCa^ 

^l^ivovg, ix tovtmv ^EQiuLOXQdtrjg td noXXd iv trci 
awsdQip svdol^st^ Xiysw ts doxmv xal fiovXsvsvv td 
xQotufta. xatr^o^eag Sh TL00ag)SQvovg iv Aaxs- 
dcUfLOvt^EQfioxQdtijg^ lucQtvQowtog xoA^A0tv6%ov^ xal 
d6%ag td ovta Xiystv^ dg)ix6iisvog jtaQd ^aQvd^a-' 
%ov^ TtQiv alt^aai x^iiata Xafimv^ 7taQs0xsvdisto 
nQog trjv slg I]vQaxov6ag xdd^odov ^ivovg ts xal 
tQi/rjQSig, iv toiitp dh ^xov ot diddo%ot tdSv ZvQaxo- 
ffUov slg MlXrjftov xal naQiXafiov tdg vavg xal f 
0tQdtsv(ia. 

32 ^Ev Sd0p Sh xatd tov xavQov tovtov atd^smg 
ysvofiivrjg ix%httov0iv ot Xaxmvt6tal xal 6 Adxmv 
iQ(io0tfig 'Etsovtxog. xataitta^slg 9h tavta TtQdJ^at 
0VV Tt00atpiQvst na0t7t7ttSag 6 Adxan/ i(pvysv*4x 
UadQti^g' istl dh to vavttx6v^ o ixstvog ri^Qotxsv 
dno t(Sv 0V(i(idxaiv, S^sfti^q)dri KQatti^tTtTttdag^ xdi 

SS^aQiXafisv iv Xtci. jtsQl dh tovtovg tovg ^parot;^ 
0Qa0vXXov iv 'A^vatg ovtog ^Ayig ix f^g AsxsXstag 
XQovofiviv xoioviisvog XQog avtd td tst%ri ^Ms td5v 
^A^vatmv ®Qd0vXXog dh S^ayaymv *A^vatovg xal 
tovg aXXovg tovg iv tfj n6Xst ovtccg anavtag naQi-- 
talis naQa ro Avxsiov^yviivd^tov]^ mg fia%ovii&vogj 

34 ai; 7tQo0tc90tv, idmv dh tavta ^Ayig ditrffays ta%img^ 
x€ct tivsg avtcSv oXtyot tmv inl nd0iv vno tAv iQtr^ 



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LIB. 1. CAP. I. 11. 7 

Au^ u«i%uvov, ot ovv ^A^vutoi tp @Qa6vlXp diic 
taHta hi nQO^fiotsQO^ Jjcav itp a ^xs^ xal hjm- 
qd6avto onkltaq ts avtov xataXilaisd-ai %iXiovg, fsr- 
Jtiag di sxatov^ tQv^Qsig Sh nsvf^xovta. ^Ayig dh ix 35 
zilg ^sxsXslag idtov KXota noXXa oltov slg Jlsigatd 
xatad-dovtaj ovdlv og)sXog iq)7j slvat tovg iist av- 
tov stoXvv fjdri XQovov *A%^vaCovg stQysiv tilg y^g^ 
U ^ tig axqCoi> xal o^sv o xata d^dXattav 6ttos 
q>oixa' xQati6t6v ts slvai, [xal] KXiaQ%ov tov 'Pofft- 
<plov itQoisvov ovta Bv%avt{iov iciii^ai slg KaXxrf- 
8ova ts xal Bvlavtiov. dolavtog di tovtov^ srAiT- 3a 
Qe9&sufdiv vsfSv ix ts MsyaQmv xal naQa tSv aX^ 
Xtov ^viiiidxmv nsvtsxaCdsxa 6tQatt<otCda}v fidXXov 
^ taxfi^fSv pxsto. xcct avtov t<Sv vsmv tQstg anoX" 
Xvwai iv tp ^EXXfionovtip vno tc5v *AttLx<5v svvia 
vs(ov^ at asl hnavd^a td nXota dtstpvXattov ^ al d* 
aXXai iipvyov slg Zfvi^tov^ ixstd^sv dh slg Bvtdvttov 
iam%^0av, \xav 6 ivucvtog iXtiysVj iv p KaQXfj86^ 37 
viov ^Awifia '^yoviiivov (StQatsvoavtsg ini Utxs^ 
Xtav dixa {ivqi^l 0tQatidg cUqov6iv iv tQUJl 
f^fl6l dvo JCoXstg ^BXXfivtdag SsXivovvta xal ^lfiiQav] 

T^ di aXXc) itsi [9J ^v 'OXviinucg tQitri xal \\ 
ivsvfixo6tii^ 5 TtQoatsd^st^a iwmQlg ivlxa JSvayo-Jio. 
Qov ^HXsiov^ to Sk Otddiov Evfidtag KvQtjfvatog^ 
htl iqiOQOV fikv ovtog iv ZndQtri EAaQxiitnov^ Sq- 
Xovtog d* iv *Ad^vavg Evxtij(iovog^'] *A^vatoi (ilv 
BoQixov itsixi>oav^ ®Qd&vXXog Sh td ts ^q^iOd^ivta 
xXota Xafidv xal itsvtaxiCx'^'^^ ^^^ vavtSv nsX^ 
ta&cdg novri^dinsvog^ \jhg aiia xcH jtsXta0tatg i0Ofii^ 
poigj^iiinXsvOsv aQxo^ivov tov ^iQOvg slg Zdfiov. 
ixst dh (isivag tQStg i^(iiQag htXsv6sv sig IlvysXa * 2 



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8 LIB. I. CAP. II. 

nal ivrav%'tt xr^v xs xtS^v idrjov xal nQ06ifialX& 
rp ts(xsL ix ds r^^g MiXrjftov fiorfi^^avtig xivsg 
totg UvysXsvCt disOitaQiiivovg ovtag tdSv *Ad^va(av 

S tovg iftXovg iStmxov. ol dl %sXta6ta\ xal tmv ^Kir' 
tfov SvQ X6%ov poffitjoavtsg ^Qog tovg avtcSv iftr- 
Xovg anixtstvav anavtag tovg ix MtXijtov ixtog 
oXly(ov^ xal a^nCdag iXafiov dg dtaxofllag^ xal tQo- 

^TCavov i6tfi6av, tfj dh vetSQaltf inXsv6av slg N6~ 
ttovj xal ivtsi^sv TcaQaCxsvacdfisvoi hcoQSVovto 
slg KoXo^(Sva, KoXoq>eivtot ih %^6s%ciQvfiav. xod 
v^g 4niov<f7ig vvxtog ivifiaXov stg t^v AvSCav ax^a- 
lovtog tov akovj xed xdfiag ts TCoXXag iviitQvfiuv 
xal XQ^iiata iXafiov xal avdQaieoda xal aXXr^ Xsiav 

5 TtoXXijv, Stdyrjg dh 6 IliQ^vig icsqI tavta %d %(OQta 
Svy insl ot *Ad^vatot ix tov 4ttQat07eidov 8ts6x£- 
da6(iivot fflav xatd tdg Idlag Xstag^ fio^i&rfldvtmv 
tmv tTUtiav Sva (ihv ^wv SXa^^ sxtd dldvdxxBws. 

SQdevXXog Sh fistd taika dm^yaysv ikl d^kXaztaik 
tifif 6tQattdv^ (og stg 'E(ps6(yv nXsv66(isvog. Tt66€^ 
g>iQvrig 3h at6dvpLSvog tovto ro isu%siQripta, 6tQM^ 
ttdv ts 6wiXsys stoXX^v xcd tjtxiag dni6teXXs ^uQwy^ 

7 yiXXmv n&etv sig "E^saov ^ori^^sXv tfj *AQti(Mdt. ®pa- 
6vXXog dh ifi86(m xal dsxdftrj i^(iiQa (istd triv stafioXi^v 
stglEq>s6ov ixXev6Sy xal tovg (isv onXttag nQog mv 
KoQ7i666v dxofitfid^ag, tovg ds txitiag xal xsXtcaStdg 
xal ixtfidtag xdl toi>g aXXovg ndvtag XQog ro sXog ixl 
^tSQa r^ JtoXscDg^ a(ia ty '^psQa XQO^ys dvo &tQar- 

Stottsda. otd' ixtrig %6Xs(og ifioi^tri6av 6qd/6tv^ otta 
6vft(uc%ot ovg Tt66a(piQvrig fjyaySf xal £vQix»66iot oS 
t dsto t&v JtQotiQmv stxo6t vstSv xal djco stiQmv Ti^i^ 
ts^ al Stv%ov t6xs itaQaysv6(ksvatj vsm6tl ^xov6m (ibs^ 
td.EvxXiovg ts tov"ljt7t(ovog xaVUQaxXsCdov tov^Agt- 



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LIB. I. CAP. n. 9 

6tayii^iwg ^tQatfiytStf^ xid Zs)Uvov6im dvo. ovtoi, H 9 
Mmiit$g "TCQmtov fn^ scpo^ tovg oxXitag tovg iv Koifqft^ 
6^ifio^d^m' tomwg dh tQsiHiiievoinalcacoxtsivav^ 
tag a avtmv mg sl ixatov xal aig v^ ^alattav xa- 
ta&m^bannBg mgog tovg xaQa to slog itQaxovto. if>v^ 
yov ^ xanst ol*j4diivaio$j jxai oKm^vto avttSv mg 
tQimx66w. <il ih ^Ef)i6m tQonmov ivtavd^a ictvi^av 10 
x^ StBQov nQog tp KoQ^66f. totg Sh IlvQauo6loig xtd 
IiaXivov6ietig xQatC6tOig ysvoiiivoig aQiatBla idmxav 
x(A xovv^ xai m^ noHotg^ xaL otxstv dtiXsucv idocav 
t^ fiovXo4tivm iei' Sslwov6lobg di^ ixsl i} noX^g an^xh- 
Idks^jxal nolwiw l8o6av. ot d* A^valo^ tovg vs^ 11 
XQOvg vaio6n6vSovg dnokafiot/tsg dninXsv6av sig No^ 
uov^ xaxst^a^vtsg cc^ovg inXsov isdAiofiov xat 
EXXfi6x6vt€iv. oQiibovvtsg dh iv Mi^dvjiv^ f^g Ai6fiov 
sldov jn€CQaxXsov6ag il *Etpi6ov tdg 2JvQaxo6i€cg vaHgli 
nivtsxal sixo6r xal in* avtdg dvaxd-ivtsg titzoQag 
fuv iXafiov avtotg dvdQa^t^ tdg d' aXXag xatsiieJiav 
sig^q>s6ov. xal tovg fx^v aXXovg aix^Xaitovg ®Qd'- 
^vXXog siglA%^vag dutinsiiilfs ndvtag^^AXxifiuidnv 8hW 
'A9fivatQv/AXxLfiLddov Svta uv^tov xai6vfigyvydda^ 
daUXv6sv. ivtsv&sv 9s btXsv6sv sig ti^v Siq6tov «Qog 
to aXXo ^tQatsvfLa - ixsi^sv Sh ana6a ii 6tQmia diifiti 
sig Adykifaxov. xtd %SkiMV inysi^ iv Sot aijuidXmoi 14* 
SvQax66u)ij stQyyuhfOL tov JIs%QaiAg iv Xi^otofUatg^ 
dioQvliavtsg f^v nitQaVy dat»SQdvtsg wxtog ^xpvto 
sig ^sxiXsucvj ot d' sig MiyaQa. iv Sk ty Aa^iffdxp < 
6vvtdttovtog 'AXnifiucdov ro 6tQdxsviMc vcav ol nQO-- 15 
tSQot 6tQatuitai ovx ifiovXovto totg futd 9Qa6vX- 
Xov 6wtdtts6^ccij mg a^dtol [ikv ovtsg m^^toi^ ixst^ 
yoi ih i^tt^ftivot ^xoisv. ivtavd^a iij ixsifiMiov a^v^ 
tsg Adiitaxov tsix^ovtsg. xai i6tQdtsv6av ytQoglG 



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10 LIB. I. CAP. IL in 

"Jfivdov' OccQvdpatog d^ i§oiq^^Bv Xnjcoi^ nolXotq^ 
Hal ^dxy '^ttfid-elg itpvyav. *Mxipui8fig dh iSUoHBV 
Ixoav tovg ta tnniag xal ttov bnXitmv stHo0i xal ixa- 

17 ToV, (Sv ^QX^ MivavdQog, H^hQ^ 6x6tog dq>8ilsto. ht 
Sh t^g fidxfig tavtrig awi^Hav ot 6tQaxi(otat avtol 
avtotg xal ii^ndtovto tovg nistd @Qa6vlkov. iliiMov 
di tivag xal aXXag i^odovg tov x^f^ii^fSvog sig t^v ^xsir- 

18 Qov xal iTCOQ^ow triv §a0vXimg xdQav. rjo d* avtm 
XQovp xal Aaxsdai^viOL tovg slg to KoQvq>d0U)v tAv 
EtXdtmv dq)S6t(5tag ix MaXiag V7co6n6vdovg agy^ 
xav. xatd Sh tov avtov xaiQov xal iv*HQaxXsia ty 
TQaxt^vla ^Axatol tovg iscotxovg^ dvtctstayfLivah/ ndv^ 
t(ov ycQog Ottatovg noXsfitovg ovtag^ 7tQov8o6aVj 
&ats dnoXied^av avttSv nQog sntaxo6tovg 6vv t^ 

19 ix, Aaxsdaifiovog aQ(io6tg Aafidta. [xal d ivucv^ 
tog iXfiysv ovtog^ iv ^ xal M^^dot dno AaQslov toh 
nsQ6<Sv fia^iXiog dno6tdvtsg ndXiv nQ06sxciQfj6at 
avtai.'] 

UL [ Tov ** iniovtog hovg 6 iv Otoxaia vsmg tijg^AdTi- 

i». vdg ivsnQiJ6d^ nQfi^f^Qog i^ns^ovtog.'] insl if 6 x^t^ 

fidv iXfjys^lIlavtaxXiovg (ihv iq^oQSvovtog, aQxovtog 

d* 'Avti/yivovg^]laQog dQxofiivoVjldvotv xal stxo6iv 

hfov tp noXi^p naQsXi^Xvd^^ta^v^ ot^Ad^vatoi, inXsv^ 

2 6av stg TlQox6vvri6ov nuvtl tp 6tQatonida}. ixst^sv 

d* inl KaXxfldova xal Bvldvtiov oQii^^avtsg i^tQccto^ 

ns8sv6avto nQogKaXxfldovi. ot dlKaXxfjdoviOL nQ06^ 

lovtag al^d^Ofisvoi tovg *A%^vatovg^ v^v Xstav ana6av 

xati^svto stg tovg Bid^wovg ®Qaxag d^tvysttovag 

Sovtag. ^AXxvfivddrig dh Xafimv ttSvts onXi/tSv oXlyovg 

xai tovg Inniag^ xal tdg vavg naQanXstv xsXsv^ag, 

iMtmv stg tovg BiSwovg dn^si td ttSv KaXxviovtav 

tQiJiiata' st dl (njj noXs(iii6siv iqni avtotg. ot di dnd^ 



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LIB. I. GAP. III. 11 

doftav. *Ahufiuid7ig d* isesl f^%sv slg to ^tQOXMBdw 4 
xrjfv xa Xeluv i%wv xal nC6tsig neTtotfifkBvogy axstsix^t^ 
triy KaXxV^ova navtl t£ 0tQato7eidcD osro d^aXdtvi^g 
slg ^aXattav xal tov norcanov ocov oiov t ^v ivliv^ 
tsCxBv. ivtav%-a ^lTtTtoxQatfig iih/ 6 Aaxsdatjiovi^g aQ- 5 
(M&cijg ix f^g TeolscDg i^TJyays tovg 6tQatu6tag , mg 
(laxovfisvog' ot ,dh *Ad^vatot dvtmaQStdiavto avt^^ 
^aQvdfia^og ds l|o tcSv HBQi.tsi^xf^^V^tcav nQ06S§ori" 
^si 0tQatiM ts xal iTcnoig noXXotg. *Iitjeo7C(fdtrig fihv 6 
ovv xal @Qd6vXXog ifidxovto sxdtSQog totg onXCtaig 
XQOVov xoXvVj [iixQi' *AXxifiiddrig ixcDv oseXCtag ti w- 
vag xal tovg Inniag ifioijd^6s. xal ^lyeTeoxQdtrig filv 
iiesd^avsvj ot 8% [ist' avtov ovtsg iipvyov sig tr^v xoXiv. 
ai/La 8s xal ^aQvdpa^og, ov 8vvd^svog HvfiiiCliai nQog 7 
tov ^IienoxQdtri 8id ri}v CtsvoTCOQCav ^ tov leota^ov 
xal t£v aTCotSiXf^^^lJ^dtcav iyyvg oinroM/, dnsxciQri0av 
slg ro ^HQaxXaiovto tSv KaXxri8ovia)Vj ov^r^v avt^ to 
6tQat6ns8ov, ix tovtov 81 ^AXxi§id8rig fih/ ^%£iro slg 8 
tov ^EXXijiSnovtov xal slg Xsqq6vi]6ov xQW^'^^ nQa- 
icDv' ot 81 Xomol ^tQatriyol avvsxdQriaav TCQog OaQ- 
vdfia^ov vnhQ KaXxri86vog stxooi tdXavta 8ovvac 
^Adip/aiocgOaQvdpalov xal <og pa0cXsa nQsafiscg 'Ad^- 
vaian/ dvayaystv^ xal oQXOvg i8o0av xal iXafiov naQCc 9 
^aQvapd^ov vnotsXstv tov <p6QOV KaXxri8oviovg 
'Adrjvaiocg oOovnsQ sldd^s^av xal td ofpsiXoybSva XQV' 
yiata aico^ovvac^ 'Ad^vaiovg 8i [itj noXs[istv KaXxri" 
Sovioig, sag av ot naQa pa0cXicog nQicpstg iXd^cniScv, 
*AX7u(Ud8ri$ 8% totg OQXOcg ovx itvyxccvs naQcivy dXXd 10 
«sqI JSrjXvPQiav '^v' ixsivrp/ 8* sXdv TCQog to Bvidv- 
tiov fjxsv^ ixow XsQQOvrfiitag ts nav8i^(isl xai dno 
0Q^xrig atQatuQtag xal tnTciag icXsiovg tQucxoHiayv. 
^aQvdfia^og 8h d^cciv 8stv xaxstvov 6(ivvvaCf nsQii" 11 



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12 LIB. I. CAP. UI. 

likBvev dv KaXxfldov^ V^Q^ SMoi in tov Bvtavtiov 
insii^d* flXd^sp^ ovx iqnj 6iiSt6%€U,jd fi^ xaHetvog av- 
12tfi ofi^tai. i$sta taOta SiM0ev 6 [ikv ivXQveoxoXat 
olg 0aQva(iatog ImfiifS Mttfopdtsi xal ^AQvaMij 6 
d' iv KaXx^^dovt totg nag ^AXmfiiddov EAQVTCtoXi^^ 
xal Auytifi^ tov ts xoi^vov oqxov xal ISitf aXXrj^ig 

13 itiatsi^g ixoi/ijifavto. OetQvdfiaiog (ihv ovv sv%vg aici^Bi^ 
xal tovg juc^d fiaOiXia MQBVop,ivovg ngi^psLg dnav^ 
tav ixiXsv6Bv sigKv^LXOv, ijeiiig>d^0av da 'Ad^aimv 
lihv AoQod^sogj ^LXodixfjg, &soyivrig^ EvQvxtoXsiiog^ 
Mavti^sogy 6vv dh tovtoig ^AQystoi KXsoatQatogy 
IlvQQoXoxog ' iicoQSVovto dh xjul Aaxsdainovioyif nQi- 
6PstgIla6L7exidagxalstsQ0Cyiistd dhtovtmv xaVEQfio^ 
XQatKigj ijdi^ ^svyav ix SvQaxovOwv^ xcct 6 ddsXq>6g 

14 avtov IlQoisvog. koI OaQvd^a^og [ihv tovtovg ^ysv ' 
ot dh^A^vatoc to Bv%dvtcov inoXcoQxovv nsQvcstxi^ 
Cavtsg^ xal jCQog ro tstxog dxQofioXiHiiovg xal 7Cqo6§o^ 

15 Xdg iTCoiovvto. iv dh tp Bv^avtio} r^v KXiaQxog Aa^ 
xsiaiyL&viog aQ^oOf^g xal avv avtS tmv TCSQioixwv tir- 
vhg xal t^v vsodajicadiov ov noXXol xccl MsyaQstg xal 
aQXtov avtiBvlSXi^og MsyaQSvg xal Boccotol xal tov- 

IQtav Sqxcov KovQatddag, ol d\ *A%^vatOL (6g ovdhv 
hdvvavTO dLascQdiaed^ac xat iiSxvv^ in:sL6dv tLvag tiSv 

17 BviavtioDV JCQodovvac r^i/ noXLv. KXiaQxog dh 6 «(h 
lio6tijg ol6iisvog ovdiva dv tovto 7Coi/^6aL^ xccta6tiJ6ag 
dh anavta &g sSvvato xdXXL6ta xal imtQi^ag td iv 
r^ TCoXsL KoLQatdda xal 'EXC^^j dLipri TCaQd rof 0aQ^ 
vdfiaiov slg to niQav^ [iL^d^ov ts totg 6tQatLcotaLg tcccq 
avtov Xfiipoiisvog xal vavg ^vXXi^cov^ at ^6av iv 
t£ ^EXXrflnovtip aXXac 7cataXsXsL(i^ivccL q)QOVQi8sg 
V7c6 Jla6L7C7ci8ov xal iv*AvtdvdQm xal ag ^Ayri^avdQl- 
dag slxsv iTcl ©Qaxrig^ i^CLfidtrig mv MLvddQOV^ xcA 



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LIB. I. CAP. m.IV. 13 

Sxmg alXai vatmv^ynfitifriaav y a^Qoai dh ysvoiMPai 
Ua6tti^ tmi^fSg %ovg 0vnfi,dxovg %mv ^Ad^vaUov xoiov6av 
ano0iciiUi4xv to ctgmomSov am zov Rv^avtiov. 
istil d* Siinl£V0sv o KXia(^%og^ ot ngoiMvtsg f^v %6^ 18 
Aii/ tmf Bviavtioiiv Kvdokv xtd *AQl6tmv xal ^Ava^jir- 
XQavqg xccL AvxovQyog xaVAvaifXaogyOg vzayofmvog 19 
^•avdtov vCtsQov 4v Aaxsdaiiiovi, did v^v XQO$o6iav 
mxigfvysv^ ott ov XQodoti^ t^v nokiVj dXXd 6m6ai»^ 
naldag OQciv xal yvvatxag hiii,^d%okkv(kivag^ Bvi/dv- 
tu>g mv xal ov Aaxsda^K^v^ag' tovydQ iv&vta 6Ztov 
KXiaQiffiv totg Aaxsdai^iuntiw 6tQatmtaig didovtu- 
did tavx ovn tovg nolsfiUovg Ssfyq st0i69ai^ ovx dgyv^ 
qjCov Svsxa ovdh dw to it,i6stv AaxsiaiiMviovg ' insl dh 20 
avtoli naQs6xsva6t0j vvxtog dvoHhnvtsg tdg nvXag 
tdg inl %o 9QfXiOP xalovnivag si6ijyayov to 6tQdtsv^ 
IMC xai tov 'AXxtfiwdiiv. 6 dh "EXilipg xai, 6 KmQW^Adug 21 
ov8hf tovtiov siddtsg ifio^&ovv ^istd ndvtaiv slg tv^v 
dyoQav ind di ndvty ot tcoHi/uqp xatsl%ovy ovdhf 
ixovtsg o^t^ noirfiswv^ itaQiSo6av 6q>ag avtovg. xal22 
ovroi fniv dns9ti^9^6av sig^Ad^vag^ xal 6 KoHH^" 
dag iv t^ oxXp dno^MOfOvtixiv iv nsiQcust iXa^sv 
djiioitQdg xdl dns^d^ sl^ AsxiXsucv. 

^oQvdfiaiQg d^ xai ot nQinfiug t^g 0Qvyiag ^iy. 
FoQiisip Svtsg tov %sifmva td nsQi tq JSviiivtwv n^m. 
9CQayfiiva^xov6av. ,dQ%/^Uvov Sk tov £aQogWQSVO^% 
fiivoig avtotg icaQd fia6iXia aToivx^i^vmtafiaivovtisg 
olts Atcxsdai^oviw nQioftsig Boimioe [ovQi$a] ml ot 
list avtov x(d ot aXXoi, ayysXoi^ x<xl iXsyov ou Aaxs^ 
daijkdpwit %dvtmv mv diovtai xsxQayotsg slsv nafic 
§a6^Xiagf ifol KvQfigj SqJ^v ndvtav tiSv ixl &alattfQ S 
iKd 6viMtoXsfMi0mvAaxsdamopioigj iMtoh^v ts iq>sQS 
totg xdtm nd6i to fia^iXsnov 6q>Qdyi6iHii i%ov6uVy iv ^ 



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14 LIB. I. CAP.IV. 

iv^v Kal tdds' KaraxsfLxa> Kvqov xaQavov tfSv sig 

4 Ka6tc!>X6v a^Qoiioybivmv. [ro 9h xaQavov itftt xvQtov^ 
tavt ovv axovovtsg ot t(5v ^A^vaiw xgitffiBLg^ xal 
imvdri Kvqov sldov, ifiovXovto nMkL^ta (isv jtaQa fia- 

5 6Lkia dvafiilvai, sl di ffif , otxads dxsM^stv. KvQog di 
0aQvafidip slxsv ij xaQadovvav tovg 7CQi6fisig iavttp 
i} fifj otxadi X(o aTCoxifLiwL^ fiovXoftsvog tovg ^Adi/i^ 

6vatovg fii^ sldivai td XQattofisva. 0aQvdfiaiog &s 
timg (ih/ xatst%s tovg XQi<ffisig^q>d0xoi}v toth (ihv dvd-- 
isLv avtovg xaQa fia^Llia^ tots dh otxads dxoxifitlfSLV^ 

7 (og (ifidhv ($i($initaL ' ixsLdfj dh ivLavtol tQstg ^^av^ 
id&jdij rot; KvQov dtpstvaL avtovg^ ipdffmw oiMOfioxi-- 
vaL dxd^SLV ixl ^dkattav^ ixsL&^ ov xaQa fia^LXia, 
xifii/avtsg dh 'AQLofiaQidvsL xaQaxofti^aL avtovg ixi^ 
Xsvov* 6 Sh dxijyaysv sig Klov v^g Mv6iag, o^sv xqo% 
to aXXo 0tQat6xsdov dxixXsv6av. 

8 ^AXxL^Lddrig Sh fiovXofisvog (istd tdSv 6tQatLanmv 
m,dxoxXstv otxadsj dviix^ svd^g ixl IkifLOV' ixstd^sv 

dh Xafimv t^v vsmv sExo6lv ixXsv6s f^gKaQiag stg tov 

9 KsQafiLXov xoXxov. ixstd^sv dh 6vXXiiag sxatov ra-> 
Xavta ^xsv stg tr^ £d[wv. 0Qa6vfiovXog dh 6vv tQLd • 
xovta vav6lv ixl &Qdx7ig ^xsto^ ixst dh td ts aXXa 
XmQtatdxQog Aaxsdcufiovtovgfisd^s^tfixota xats6tQi- 
ifoto xtA 9d6ov^ Sxov6av xaxAg vxo ts t(Sv xoXifiiov 

10 iud6td6sa>v xal Xl^iov. 0Qd6vXXog dh 6vv r^ aXXfj 
6tQatL& stg*A^vagxatixXsv6S' xqIv dh ijxsLvavtov 
ot *A^vatOL 6tQatfiyovg SLXovto^AXxLfiLddfivfihv fpsv- 
yovta xal 0Qa6vfiovXov dx6vta^ K6v(ova dh tQttov ix 

11 tdSv otxo&sv. ^AXxLfiLddfjg d* ix tijg Udfiov ixan/ td 
XQfJliata xatixXsv6sv slg IldQOV vav6lv stxo6i/v^ ixst^ 
^sv if dvfix^ svd^ Pvd^stov ixl xata^xoxfjv tcSv tQLi]- 
Qfov^ ag ixwd^dvsto AaxsdaLfjLOvtovg avt^d^i xaQa-- 



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LIB. I. CAP. IV. IS 

0U€viiHvtQuiKOvr€Cy xid tov oi^Ttada xataxXov oxa^g ij 
xolig XQog avtov ixs^. iml d^ iciQa iavtfl evvow ov^ 
Hav xol 6tQaxfiyov avtov ^gQijftivovg xol idic^ fistcaesfi^ 
mflivovg tovg imtTidBiovg j TcaxiitXavaBv eig xovIlBir' 
Q€ud iui^QCf y nXwtijQW '^ysv fi xoXtg, rot; sdovg xa- 
tax^taXvfi^ivov t^g *uidififdg, 5 tivsg oiavi^ovto avs^ 
nitr^dBiov Blvat koL avrcoi lud ty xoXbi' uidTjvcUmv yccQ 
ovdslg iv tavty ty rjiikiQa ovdsvog 6itovdaiov iQyov 
toXiMj6ai av aifa6^aL. TtataitXiovtog d^ avtov oteixlS'- 
tov IleiQcudSg xai 6 ix tov aatecag o%Xogri^Qoi6^ TtQhg 
tag vavg, 4tav^dtovteg xal idetv fiovXofievoitov^AX'' 
xifiuidTiVy Xiyovteg ot ^ikv (og xQatiAtog eirj tSv xoXir- 
t&v xal [Aovog [ansXoyiid^ fig] ov dtxaiatg q>vyo^ ijtir' r 
fiovXevd^elg dh vTto tc5v iXattov ixeivov dwa^iivafv * 
liox^QOteQd te Xeyovtayi/ xal JtQog to avtav Idiov 
xiQdog xoXitevovtcov 9 ixeivovaeltoxovvov avlovtog 
xdl asto t&v avtov xal a%6 tov trjg TtoXecog dwatov, 
i^iXovtog dh tote xQive6^ai 7taQa%Qrii/i,a t^g aitiagl^ 
[iQti]ysy^fi>ivrig 6g '^^efirixotog eig ta yLV^trjQiM, 
wteQfiaXoiievot ol i^d^Qol ta doxovvta dixaia elvat 
axovta avtov i6tiQri6av v^g natQidog • iv p XQOva) vito 15 
af*i2%ai/^^[doviUiion/] rjfvayxd^^iikyvd^eQaTcevei^vtovg 
iX^i6tovg^ xi/ydwevcov ael naQ* exdotriv ruiiQav ano^ 
Xi6^ai,' tovg 8\ oixeimdtovg xoXitagte xal 6vyyevelg 
xdlv^v xoXiv ana6av 6q<Sv S^aiiaQtdvov6av ^ ovx el- 
Xev onofg dipeXohi qyuyy dneiQyoiievog * ovx i<pa6av de IQ 
ttSv oZayimeQ avtog ovtcav elvai xatvSv dei^d^av %Qa^ 
yfMtcav ovSh [leta^tdoecog * vnaQXBiv yaQ ix tov dij^ 
[Mv ainip fih/ tmv te rjXiMiancSv nXiov i^e^v tmv te 
%Qe6fhniQCov i/i,'^ iXaxtovetavy toXg d' avtov ix^Qolg 
towvtoig doxeXv dvai* oXoL6neQ nQOteQOVy v6teQov di 



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16 LIB. I. CAP. IV. 

dvyaiS^Mvv aj^lXvvm zovg §BhfU0%Qvg^ avtovg dh 
l/Lovovg k^i^ivxag ^i' avxo zoiko &famt4Sdi^i v9eo %&v 
-47 xoUzAv oti hiifoig ^tlopw ovk aljffiv TKfifn^af^' ol 
di^ oti t(ov naQou%ofn4v0v avtoS^ifiaHmv^vog ahwg 
Bpq^ t(Sv te g)op€Q(Sv ovt($v T# n4isiysvi0%a*ikovog 

18 xiafdwBvaac ^ysimv xata^f^aL. ^AXm^idivi^ Sk f$(fog 
v^v y^v oQiiia&slg dxifiai/vs [ikhv ot^H svQtiiQg , ^ofiov- 
fksvog tovg i%9^vg * 4wva6tdg dh inl tov xataCtQ^ 
^atog i0K6scsL tovg Mvtov iiiitiiiSsiovg^ sl ^o^ahfiav. 

19 xatidmv dh E&fyxt6Xsi$Qp '^ UsiAUdvaxtogy mttov Sh 
dvs^uivy xaltovg aXXovg obtstovg hs^ tov^ (pllovg fi<c' 
avtdiVf tots dn^ofidg dvafiaivs(> sig t^v mXiv fMta t^ 

203ta(fs6HSva(Sniv(iMff si:tiga^Q(gii^9 (H^int^nsiv. iv 
Sh rg /}ovlg %ai v^ i%nXrfi(tf djifoXoyfiadiiLSvog Stg ovx 
'^asfiijKSi, slxdv di mg rfibiifflai,^ Xs%^ivtmv Sk %ai, aX- 
X(ov toiovt(ov ml ovdsvog dvtsiicovtog dud to ftq dva^ 
6%Ji6f^ac av f^v iimhi0tav , dvotQ^^dg dtfdvtmv Tiys^ 
lid^ avtoxQdt(OQy (og oldg ts Sv ocSoaL t^v XQoti^v 
f^g TCoXscog dvvai/btv^ ngdtSQOv ^v td i/^vavifQW ^hS^ 
l4^vai€jv xatd d^dXattav dyovtcav difi^ tov aPoA^i^ 
xatd y^v inoiriasv Si^fVaymv tovg OtQfc^idn^ ana$^ 

2ltag' iistd ds tw§w xat^X^iffi^o 0it^9mdvj onifpag 
idh/ nsvtaxoaiovg xal XfMopg^ fmnias Sk ^£mi{kqw« 
xai sxazov^ vnvi ^ ixat&v. ml^ta%ovx9fvdMiwv 
tQitp if/ip/l dvfix^ i^ '^AvdQov d^siftffm^tav wv *4^^ 
vai(»v^ xal ii^sx* airtov ^AQ^6to%Qmvrifi ml *A8fiiikav%og 
oAsvxoXo^ptdov awsnin^pd^sfw 'gifillikivo$ xocvd y^v 

22 atQccti^oi. 'AXxLfi(48n9 Sh dnsfiifia^^ to otQii^svika 
t^g ^AvHifiag njmQag sig FavQSLov' ixfio^O^igiBfvtag 8i 
tovg*Av9Qiovg itQiiffavto xdt xmi^U^Oav «^ vVf ^^ 
X(v xai t(/vag dniwtsi/vav ov noXXovg xal tovg Adxoh^ 



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LIB. I. CAP. IV. V. 17 

vag otuvto&i fj^w. 'AXxtfiidifigdi t06^i6v ta l6tfi0i S3 
Kai^li}^v^ tfvro# oUyccg '^f^ifccg inXBV^Bv BtiJSAp^^ 
KdkeV&i^^opfLmtl^tsifitfg inokip^Bt. 

6Mh Auk^lfv6tHm sri^otl^t/ rotk«)i> oixokl^yl 
XQov^ l^tfj&iftntdcf t^ vavoQxiag xa(feXfjitv4h>ta!ii^ 
AvMi^9^v ^iittpipai^ vOdtcQxov. S dl iq>ix6(i6vog sli 
'P6d^ McA' va^O^ ixeWsV Xafi6v^ ^g KtS xal MtXfttHv 
ht%ih)0BVy ixite^v &* 6tS^E^€60Vy xal ixst Ifist^vs vaifg 
iXB^Sfidbpii^vt^ lil^QL ov KvQog stg ZaQ9hig dq>t- 
xstw inBt ** ^itev , a^ifin itQdg avtov dvv to?? ixAa-' 2 
x€&a(fLOfWg ^ ft(fi6fiB(giv, ivtadd^a' d^ mtd ts rotJ Tut" 
oatpijfv&^ SkBy&if & ftSiib^itAg stfj, ainov ts Kvqov 
iiiovto ibgftpo4h)potdtov nifog rot^ n6Xs(iov ysffio^at, 
Kvpog^Sk tik^ts natifuifp^ tavta ins&taXxivat xaiS 
avtog^odxaXX^ iyvttncivai^ dXXd ndvta noii^asiv' i%ahr 
6\ fjftsiv tdXavta nsvto^&uc ' idv ditavta ixXinyy totg' 
tdtiugx^^^ilV^^ Sonat^pait^idanltsv* idvfV 
xal tavta, xaltov d^Qovov xataxoiffstv i(p oi ixdd^to, 
ovta dQyvQovv xal xQv^ovv, ot dl tavt^ infiffOvv xaVA 
ixiksvoff aihs6v td^ac ttp vavtji dQaxp,iflf'^AxtCK^flry dtr- 
dd^novtsg ott^ oitogo (iW^og yivfjtat^ ott&v ^AV^ 
vatmv vavtat dnoXstipovOt tdg vavg^ xal pstm xQiifitattr 
dvaXciffst, 6 di xaXdSg n%v i^ a^oifg Xiystv^ ov 6i)-b 
vatov d* slvat naQ^ a fiaOiXsi^i inictstXsv avtdi aXXtc 
notstv. slvat d\ xaltdg 6vv%^xag ovtmg ixovOag^ 
tQidfcovta ftvug ixdatfj vfil tov pvj^vog dtd^vat, 6n66ag 
av fiovXmvtat tQitpstv AaxsSatp6vuot. 6 Sh AvCav^H 
dQog t6ts (xihv iotdnfj&s • [istd d^ to dstnvov^ insl cctf^ 
t^ nQont^v 6 Ki^Qog ^QSto tt dv pdXtOta xf^Qt^otto 
notdivy slnsv ott Ei nQog tov (itod^ov ixd6ta vavty 
ofioXov nQ06%strig. ix Sh tovtov tittaQsg SfioXol tJv 7 
6iiLt6d^6g, nQotsQov 81 tQtcSfioXov. xal tov ts nQOv- 

Xenoph. Hist. Gr 2 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



18 LIB. I. CAP. V. 

fpHXofLBVQv aTcidmxs xal Sti iiifvog XQovdc9xsVj m6ti 

8 td 0tQdt^fia TtoXv XQo^^otsQov slvai, ol Sh *Ad^ 

I vatoi dxovovtsg tavta ddiiii^ag fihv slxovj ixe^xov dh 

XQog tov KvQov nQsapaig did Ti06a<piQvovg. 6 dh ov 

sCQ066d^sto , dBOfisvov Ti4J6a<psQvovg x€cl Xdfovtog^ 

ajCBQ avtog ixcilsL mi^d^slg vii *jiX9ufiuidov ^ 6MOXstv 

oxatg t(ov'EXXiivGnf ^fjdi ottivsg i^xvQol m6Wy &kXd 

\0navtsgd6^svslg^ avtol iv avtotg 6ta6iaiovtsg. xal 

6 fikv jdv^avdQog^ iTCsl avt^ to vavtixov 6wstitaHt0y 

dvsXxv6ag tdg iv ty 'Eg)i6a ov6ag vcmg ivsvijxovta 

11 ri6vxtav ^ysv, iici6xsvdimv xaL dvairvxmf avtdg, L^A- 
XLfiuidfig dh dxovoag 9Qa6vfiovXov ig 'EXXii6x6vtov 
ijxovtdi tscxitsiv Omxatav dtijcXsv6s iCQog avtSv^ xof- 
taXmm/ inl taZg vav6lv 'jivtioxov tov avtov xvfisQ- 
vifCTiv^ iia6tsCXag (i'^ iianXstv iscl tdg Av6dvdQov 

12 vavg, 6 dh ^AvtCoxog r^ ts avtov vi^l xal aXXji ki No- 
ttov slg tov XtfLsva tcSiv*Eq>s6layv sl67cXsv6agnaQ* av- 

\g tdg tdg nQ^Qag tmv Av6dvdQ0v vsmv jcaQiicXsi. 6 8\ 
Av6avdQog ro fihv TCQoitov oXCyccg tmv vsmv xa&sXxv- 
6ag idioMSV avtov^ iscsl dl ol ^Adip/atot t^ ^AvtcoxV^ 
ifio^^ovv nXsio6L vav6C, tdts dij xal %d6ag ^wtd^ag 
ininXst. [istd dh tavta xal ot ^A^vatov ix tov No^ 
ttov xad^sXxv^avtsg tdg Xocndg tQciJQScg ai^%^tfai/, 

14 dg Sxa6tog ijvoil^sv. ix tovtov d' ivavfidxi/i^av ol ybkv 
iv tdist^ ol Sh ^A%^atoL 8u6naQiiivatg tatg vav6L^ 
fkiXQf' ov iq>vfov dnoXi6avtsg nsvtsxatdsxa tQiiiQscg. 
t&v Sh dvdQfSv ot fch/ nXstatoc il^iqyuyov^ ol d' i^ixh* 
yQijd^6av. Av6avdQog 8h tdg ts vavg dvaXafimv xal 
XQonaiov 6tij6ag inl tov Nottov 8cinXsv6sv slg^E^s^ 

15 ^ov 5 ol 8' '4d7jvatoL slg Ud^v. (istd 81 tavta ^AXxir- 
fiid8rig iXd^c^v sig Udfiov dvi^x^ ^^% vav6lv dnd6aig 
inl tov Xciiiva t(Sv ^E^s6lmVy xal nQO tov 6t6fLatog 



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hlB. I. CAP. V. 19 

naQita^sv^ Bttig ^vXoito vav^a%siv. iicsid^ 8i Av^ 
ifavdQog ovx avtaviffays dta to xoXXatg vaviSlv iXat- 
tov^d^aij aniitksv6sv slg Jlaiiov. AaxsdaifLovioi dh 
oltyp v6tSQ0V atQOVfft jdsXq>lviov %al *Hi4va, 6t dlVS 
iv otx^ ^Adifivatoty iscBtd^ VfyyiXd^ ^ vavfucxtaj xalB- 
letSg sl%ov ta ^AXxipiddji , olofLsvov di* aiiiXstdv ts xai 
dxQdtsiav axoXmXsxivat tdg vavg^ xal ^tQattjyovg 
stXovto aXXovg dixa^ Kovmfa^ ^tofi^idovta^ Aiovta^ 
IlsQixXia , *EQa6vvt8i]v , ^AQi6toxQdtri , 'AQ%i6tQat0Vy 
nQan6fia%0Vj 0Qd6vXXovj ^AQiAttoyivri. *AXxifiid-Vl 
iijg ptkv ovv noviJQa}g xal iv tfj 6tQati§ ^SQOfiBvogy 
la^mv tQvqQvi fiiav d7ti7tXsv6Bv slg Xsqqovti^ov stg td 
iavtov tst%ri. iistd dh taika Kovayv ix trjg "AvSqov 18 
6VV alg sl%s vav6lv stxo6L rlnig)i6a(iivG>v^Ad7ivat(ov stg 
J^dfiov hcXBv6sv ixl ro vavtixov. dvtl dh Kovayvog slg 
^AvdQOV btsfi>tl;av Oavo69iv7i , tittaQag vavg S%ovta. 
ovtog nsQitv%d)v dvotv tQLi^Qotv 06vQtatv iXafisv ats 19 
totg dvdQd6i * xal tovg (ihv alxfiaXdtovg aitavtag idij^ 
6av*Adi2vat6t^ tov Sh aQ%ovta avtc5v AoQtia , ovta 
fihv'P6dtov, xdXat dh q>vydda i^*A%^vmv xal^Podov 
vTto *A%^vat(ov xats^7ig)t6iiivG>v avtov d^dvatov xat 
tmv ixstvov 6vyysvav, noXttsvovta %aQ avtotg^ iXs" 
i]6avtsg d(pst6av ovSh %Qil(iata nQa^dfi,svot, K6va>viO 
^ ixsl sig tfiv Udfiov dq>ixsto xal to vavttxov xatiXa^ 
fisv ddvfiag ixov^ 6viixXrjQ€i6ag tQtrjQstg sfidoii/qxovta 
dvtl tmv JtQotiQav ^ ov6(Sv xXiov rj sxat6v y xaltav^ 
tatg dvayayofisvog ^std tmv aXXiov 6tQatriy6v^ «A- 
Xots aXXy dnopaivfov tijg tSv ^oXsniiov x^Q^S ^^V"~ 
^sto, [xal 6 ivtavtog iXriysv^ iv mKaQxrid6vtot slgStxs-2l 
Xtav 6tQatBv6avtsg stxo6t xal sxatov tQtiJQS6t xal Tts^ 
irjg 6tQattag dddsxa ^iVQtd^tv slXov^AxQdyavta Xtitp^ 
(x>dxii filv '^tftf&ivtsg^ jtQo^xad^stoitsvot Sh STttd fii^i/ag.] 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



90 LIB. L CAP. VL 

m,^ wA o maXmoq Tig'ji9^pSg vutgiw 'A^^waig h^ 
nff6^^ Ibfmt f^ ^pOQ€vawtog^ Sfgnrrog dl Kul- 
Xioo *A9^iwif0tfW^ot Aaxsdtui^ovm x^ AvodvdQft sof- 
il^lv^itog ^ihi xov jffovov^mLx^ woXipL^ xmmQ&v 
tuA sbfOOtv itap]iM^t^m^ hd tag vavg KaXlutoau^ 

iimv. ot$ SkMa(f£dldovoAvOapd4fogtagvavgy iXsyst^ 
KaXXiMQatCdff m ^aXattOM^fimf ts MOQaitdotq jcol 
pavfMjiftfvspiMftiixmg. o Sk avtov iMiXmoev Si^Bq^ioov 
ipoQiOtsf^ SifLOV MOQOMXev^avtaj ov ^eav al twp 
^A^hfvahov v^sg j iv AbXiitp MaQadovvai tag vaSg^ oid 

HofMXoYrfiuv^aXaxtoxQat^v. ov ipandvov Sktov Av- 
odvdQov MoXvMQayifOPBtv aXXov aQ%OPtogy avtog 6 
KaXXjuMQOtliag MQogidgMaQd AvodviQov iXafia v(Kv6l 
MQO0$MXiiQmO8v ix Xiov M$A 'P6dov xol aXXft^sv aMo 
tiSv 0vfLfM%iov Msvt^qaovta vavg. tavtag dl Miioag 
a^Qoidag, ovOag tsttOQdxovta xid ixatoVy MaQBifx$v- 

^dijBOO tog aMawqCoiuvog tOlg MoX$iUoig. xaxafut^iot 
S VMO tmv AvffdvdQov ^lXiov xatixotaiSuciftpkevogj ov 
liOPOV dMQOdviHDg VMflQStOVVtiOV^ dXXd xid dnx/^QO- 
ovvtiov iv tatg moXbolv ott Accxsdaiiioviot i^iyiota 
MOQaMiMtouv iv t^ diaXXdttuv tovg vavdQxovg, moX- 
Xdxig dvt* iMmidsliov ysvoniviov xid aQti awidvtiop 
td vavtixd xid dv^QiOMoig mg xQti^tiov yifvi06x6vt$»v 
dM$CQ0vg %aXdttrig MiiiMOvtag xal ayvatag totg ixBt^ 
xwdvv$voiiv ti, Ma%$tv did tovto^ ix tiyvtov dh o 
KaXXtxQatidag 6vyxaXi6ag tovg AaxBdaijiovCiov ix$l 
MaQOvtag iXayev avtotg tovdde. 

fy ^Efkol fihf oQXBt otxoi ii,iv$i/v ^ xcd $tt$ AvcavdQog 
$tt$ dXXog tvg iiiMBiQOtBQog m$qI td vavtixd fiovX$tai 
$lvatf oi xioXvno tC xat iiii* iyio d* wro r^ M6X$(og 
iMl tdg vavg M$ii^%$lg ovx i%ia tl aXXo MouS ^ td xe- 



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LIB. I. CAP. VI. 21 

Xtoofttvcc ^s iv dwQ>fi€ct KQcm0t€c, vnsig dh itQdg & 
iyoir€ipiX9te(t&viMct9tal ^ noXts^iSp uttu^^M^ tet$ 
yuQ ccvtcc SfhiSQ ical iy^y (fvfipovXsiieta tic u^6ta 
vpV» doxoihta slvai nsQl toviftk^v^aSsiiivstvijot'^ 
xads anoTcXs^ iQOvvta tcc xad^s^tdita iv^is. 

Ovdsvog dh toXfifj^avtog aXXo ti ^bi^ ijifotQ olr-i 
Kot Ttii^&sd^at TCoutv t^itp^ SijieHf iX^v^uQa Kih^ 
Qov xjftei, ^ut^ov totg vavtaig * 6 dh avt^ dm "dvo t^fiui^ 7 
Qag ini6%Btv. KaXXiacQOttdag di a%^s6^Blg t^ wvcu- 
fioXy xal tatg inl tag ^VQog tpovti^BCiv^ OQyui^dg xcA 
slitmv dd^XtcBtdtovg slvat tovg^EXXr^ag ^ ^t §dQ^A- 
Qovg itoXaKsvov6tv Svsxa ccQyvQCov, ^6xwv^fiv^Wxh' 
^ otnadB , xofta ys to avtiridwatov dtaXXc^stP ^JjShf- 
vcctovgxal AaxeSatiioviovg^ dniitXsv^sveig MlXijtov' 
H&xst^sv nsftifag tQtijQStg slg AaxsdcUiMva inl ^XQ^j- 8 
\uctu^ inxXrfllav a^Qoleag tmvMtXffiCcovmaSs slnsv. 

'Eftoi ftiv , m MtXijatot , dvdyxri tof^ olxm SQ%ovai 
nsi^^s^dat' vftdg dh iym afym nQo9v(iottdtovg slvm slg 
tov noXsftov dtd tro olxovvtag iv poQfidQmg mXst6ata 
xaxd fjdri vn^ avttSv nsnov^ivat. is£ 4' vp,&$iiitiyst- 
o^at totg aXXoig ovfmd%otg Sntng mv tdg^td <t^ xal 
ItdXtata §Xdnt(OfLSv zovg itoXsfLiovg^ &cog uv^4x Ach- 
xsdcctftovog ^xc36tVy ovg iytb Insft^ %Qi^paxa tHiovtag^ 
inA ira iv^dis vndQ%ovta Av6avd^ Kvq^ dnoim^ 10 
fli^ nsQWzd ovta ot%staf KvQog^Sk iX^vfkog iftov 4n 
avtov dsl dvspdXXsto fiot dtaXs%Sijvai^ iyd <^ iTtlifAs 
ixsivov d^Qag ipottav ovx siwdihfiv iftmrtov nstffm. 
4nt6x;vovftcct 6^ vfttv dvtl ttSv avftpdvtokv ^tv dya- 11 
4tAv iv T$9 fxfiovq^ 4 ^^ ^^tva nQOodsxdftsd^a ,%dQia/ 
iiUw dmodci^mv. iXXd fsvv iDoSg ^s^g ds^oftsv totg 
ficoQfidifotg oti xcA Svsfu^oed ixfitvovg d^avftdtstv dmd^ 
x§^a tovg ix^QOvg ttfic^Qstffd^at. 



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22 LIB. 1. CAP. VI. 

12 'ETtsl di tavt^ slxsv^ avtatd^svoi tcolXol nal fMr- 
Xiata ot cUtuctoftsvoi^ ivavtiovcd^ai dsdiotsg alafjyovv- 
to xoQOv xiyi^iidtayv xal avtol iTcayysXXofkBvov Idicf. 
la§m/ dh tavta ixstvog xal ix Xiov 9tsvtsd(faxiUav 
hia6tp vc&v vavt&v iipoduccdfuvog IxXsvcs tfjg Ai- 

13 Hfiov iicl Mijdv^vav xoXsfitav ov6av. ov povXopJvcav 
dl t£v Mijdvfivaicav fCQ06%GiiQStv y dXX* i^ifpQOVQcav 
ovt(ov ^Adifvaicav xal tc5v td TCQdy^ta i%6vtmv dttir- 
xiiovtcDVy XQOiSpaXtov atQSl f^v tcoXiv xatd xQdtog. 

lAtd iihv ovv %Qii^ata ndvta di/r^Qna6av ol OtQatciozai^ 
td Sh dvdQdicoda ndvta ^wijd^Qoiasv 6 KaXXiXQatiSccg 
slg tr[v dyoQdvy xal xsXsvovtcov tcii40viiiid%aiv daodo- 
0^ac xdl tovg Mi^dv^vaiovg ovx iqni iavtov ys Sqxov- 
tog ov9iva^EXX7Jvc9V slg ro ixsivov dvvatov dvdQano- 

15 di6d^vat, tfi d' v6tsQai(f tovg fihv iX&vd;sQovg d^xs^ 
tovg 6i tAv ^AdTjvaictv ipQovQovg xal td dvdQdicoda 
td dovXa jcdvta dxiioto * Kpvcovc d\ slxsv oti^ nav6si 
avtov ^oc%iSvta t^v d^dXattav. xatiddv di avtov 
dvayofisvov Sfia ty '^^iQccy idicaxsv vxotsftvoiisvog 

IQtov sigZdfkOV nXovv^ Sscmg fi'^ ixstifs qyvyoi. Kovmv 
d^ lipsvys tatg vavclv sv nXsov6aig did t6 ix noXXiSv 
nXinQcafidtoiv slg oXfyag ixXsXi^d^ai tovg dQiUtovg iQS- 
tag^ xal xatatpsvyst slg MvtcXfjvtiv f^g Ai6fiov *ai 
6VV avtp t(Sv dixa 6tQatriyiSv Aic9v xaVEQa6iviSi;g. 
KaXXiXQatidag dh 6wsi6snXEV6sv slg tov Xifiivay dm^ 

17 XC9V vav6lv ixatov xal ipdofi/^xovta. Kovayv dh cig 
iqAifi vno tSv noXsfUcov xataxcsXvd^sig^ TJ^vayxd^Q^ 
vavfLa%^6ai nQog tp Xifiivc^ xaL dnciXs6s vavg tQtd" 
Hovta' of 9h SvdQsg slg trjv yijv dnifpvyw tdg d^ 
XocndgtcSv vsmvj ttttaQaxovta ov6ag^ ino tp tsl- 

18 %si dvsiXxv6s. KaXXixQatiSag Sh iv tp Xifdvi OQfuair- 
fjksvog inoXiOQXsi ivtav^a^ tbv ixnXow i%cov. .%al 



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LIB. I. CAP. VI. 23 

uma yijv iiettmsiiifdfuvog tov£ Mij9vfi>vaCovg navdri'' 
pbA %aX hi t^g Xtov to ift(fdtev($a dtsfiifiaiSs - xQTjfiatd 
tB 9UCQa Kvfiffov avt^ ^Mbv. 6 Sk Kovmv ixd ino^ 19 
iMQ9Ulto xal xatd yijv xol xata ^dXattav^ ntai 6ltov 
ovdafi^d^sv 171/ sixoQ^aat^ ot Sk avd^Q^mi mXXoliv 
t^ ndXsi ^6av %al ot ^A^h/pfatoi ovx ifio^^otnf did to 
fnf nw^dvsa^m tavta^ Kal&Mhiv6ag tSv vsmv tdg 
agufta nXsowfag dvo iitkiiQa>6s nQofifbiQagy i%a%a- 
6mv tmv vsmv tovg dQlatovg i^itag iHkiiag xal tovg 
ini^tag slg xoiXfjv vavv fk&caj^vfidaag xal td naQa- 
QVfiata naQafialmv, tTf^v fikv ovv '^(liQav ovtmg dvst- 20 
XOVy slg dh vijv SaniQaVy inslaxotog spq^ ilsfitfiaisvy 
mg f^ xwtadiiXovg slvai, totg nolsfUoig tavta noiovv- 
tag. nifkntji 8i "^fi^Q^ slad^ifisvoi 6tta ftitQucy insir- 
8^4Jdifi f^aov vifdQag ^v xal ot iq>0QfLOvvtsg oXi/yciQmg 
d%ov xdi iviov dvsnavovtOy i^inXsvaav i^m tov Xifii- 
vogj x€tl 1} fL^ inVEXXijanovtov mQfLrjasv , '^dlslg to 
niXayog. tmv d* iq>0QfL0Vvtmv mg sxaatoc ijvoi/yovyil 
tdg ts dyxvQag dnoxontovtsg xal iysi^^Ofisvoi ifioij- 
^ovv tnaQayfkivot^ tv^ovtsg h/fgyfj dQiatonovovfiS^ 
voi * slafidvtsg di idtmxov trjfv slg to niXayog a^opfiif- 
aaaav^ xdl Sfia ttp ^A^ dwovti, xatikafiov^ xal xqch 
tijaavtsg futxg^ dvadriadfisvov dn^^ov slg ro atQato^ 
nsiov avtotg dvdQdaiv. ^ d* inl tov^ElXijan6vtov2i 
ffvyovaa vavg di4tpvys , xal dipiatOfJvri slg tdg 'Adijvag 
SiayyHXBitffvnokiOQxlav. j^iofddmv 9h fiwt^mv Ki^ 
vmvi noXiOQXovfiivsf^ dmdsxa vavalv mQfUaato stg tov 
WQinov Tot^ tmv MvtiXfivatmv. dh KalXiXQatt8ag23 
inmXmiaag avtm Siahpvrig 8ixa fih/ tmv vsmv IXafiSj 
^iofMiov d' lipvys fg ts avtov xoA aXXy. ot 81 ^Adff^ S4 
fratdi td ysyswifdva xal tr^v noXiOQxiav insl rptovaav^ 
hfniq>taavto fior^^sVv vavaXv sxatov xcct 8ixa. Mtafii" 



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24 LIB. L CAP. VI. 

fiaiovtBg tovg iv ty rihxia ovtag azavtag ac«(l, ^oiUovs 
9ui iliv^iQOvg' xcdmif^id^avMgtdg ii^a,HCil,($tmov 
ivtQLauovtaf^iiQaig a^p^Qo^v. ihsi^6m di^j^ ttov 

2bt%siimv noJAoi. fma taHta ai/^X^^^ ^^ iS4lf^^9 
xausl^svIkcfi^gvavgMafimfdim' '^QQ^fif^ ^ ^ 
SXXag nXelovg ^ tQidm^ staQa t^ aUAAJH^NOilV^- 
%mv^ ai0fiaiveiv maimii0avt€g aTt^^vmg.j i^^^ ^^ 
xal §t tms$ a^tQtg itv%f^ Hfo o&St^i. i^ivovt^ ^ ai 

iS ^tfia iclBiavg ^ %$(vtv^Q9fta M^l htfx^ov- o (^ ^aA- 
XucQatidag axovan^ts^ {hi^Miav '^^y.ivySdpf^^ffav, 
avtov [ikv xatiXMB m^ni^ovt^ ,vavg x^^^ piQiXppta 
'Et$6vimVi tatgH^txQ^c xal &xat6v dpox^^ls itf^^* 
itvomMto ti^ AM(Un} istl fg MaXiff iiifiQa dvtfov 

27t^g MvtiXiivfig. vq d^ avtfg "^iQf itV%QV xal oC 
^A^flvatot ^invottQtov^avoi iv tafg *ji4f^^vofp6^ ' 

28 avtai d* dalv dvtiov t^ Ai^v. tijg fi^ vwf^g 
idmv td nvQu^ xai tww am^ ^a^£ifXdvtav Stt 
ot ^jid^fivatot shv, dviiy€to ^£qI ^iaag i>vMta£j m 
^i^astivaimg ^QO6Jti0oi' vd^ ^' invywonLBvov noXv 
mi fiQQvtdiJluxciiv^av ti^ dvaytj^i^v. i^ di Avi- 

29 tf j^i/ , ayLa tf '^(liQc^ inX§t ^l %dg 4QyMmifim' ot i' 
*Adf^toi o^fmviiyov^o y^ isp ^:^iXay<^ x^ Bvcmi^j 
noQat^ay^vQi ,<£&. '4Qfi0^HQdtfig ^v $d £vmfv- 
fLOv i%f^v '^Blko mvtsxc^dBxa vav^iy (utd di tavta 
J^o^idjokv §iM^Qcm M£v:rBHa0BX^' ^titaxto Sh ^A^i- 

MtOKQdfH,fl^ UCQ^^g^ JtQII,iSQVf[t^ '^fp^f^f^fe^- 

MccQd & jitiQf^Qnnsa ,ot JBdjmt i$im vw^ A^ ik^g 
xBimy^ivQi' i^tQatr^y^ 0h mtf^ ^ii^og pvqf^ti^In" 
0i^g' J%Q(imat d' at t^v tft^idp%a^.fl^xfi^ ,^4i(^al 
^Mjmg ' inl ^j!4mtfius,^ ^0v vavdQ%(^v^tQ^^ x^ Bt 
dX^tmgMlKXc^ 4^av0Vii4ta%idBg. ^q .d^4^oi/ ^QCfg ffMh- 
%6fLa%og bI%b nBvtBxcUdBxa vav0i' naQa 9^ av^ovSod- 



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L 1 B. I. C A P. VI. 25 

pd]gp #^ ^0iagy i%0V ms r^^g i/a%,H9ftf$f(ftiAi^»i^^ 
ji(fi0xoyi^. ovtm i* im%^^$ifPy hm^kfi Siimi&vv 
dt$0te$^' %ftfop yuQ in;A$ov. st^ .8i mv Am^Sm^l^ 
vtmv mrtixitu!y^i(vw "^^u^v Mm^mlnUm^e^fh.m^s 
8i&fsUovv nal mefiivXovv mi^HWCi^ifkimh 8m so 
fiiAtwv xlstv. 0lxB^8h to S^tov m^ag SsiM9iQm(89^S' 

^$>if9ik ^vp0v Ztfi BjHnml^ 4^ ^mMU^ifm* ^l 
!^ t^^rif^Big tm ^Jfh^aiim xoXlip nXsiovBg ^Cccv, 
KtAUnifmtSag 8\ slstcv orti} £ndQti/iov8hvjitiimmov 
olxittM avtov om>^av6vtog^ ifK&^i^ 8\ .ai^juf^ I94} 
fJofui,. ^m^ 8% tmka ^ivm^Xfi^av %(f6(ifov sraldii/, 33 
MfiStovii^d&QoaL^ ^^ta 8i !Si^aHe8a0(i4w^' ^e^ 
ihKaUiXQat^(8^\%€ ifi^fdop^s^ ^trig vws J[MQJfi00v 
aig t^v ^akmtav 'q^pantia^ IlQmoiMx^^g ts nal ot 
/mr' avtovt^ 8^1^ to ivmm^ov ivixafimy htm^Bv 
^wj/nq ^(SpMBiomwn0i(PPii^(im^o ^lg ^v^ oAfii^twv 
d^Hfii:sig 09ixaiav * ,ot 8h 'A^vatoi Mahv ^ mg ^Aq- 
yivov^ag xatinl6v0av, andkovto 8% t(xiv,fs^^Ad^S4 
y^iaw v^$g xivts hoI ^o0iv avtoH ^viodP^v ixtog 
oJUjfm^ tmv MQog t^ y^v mqo06v^%9^(»v^ ^«5v 8h 
Jl^ioswvvffii^v Aanmtmlphfhwia^ tmf^c^^v.ov- 
tfcDi/ tWw, tdv^ &i,lmv6vMmximf nMovg ^4^mvta. 
Moyjfh [a^M] toHtmv 'A^vai(xnf.0tiQatriyoli md i/hiai 
KUiitfiaftimfdnovtavaval&fiQafidwfi te xoA&^a^vfiov^ 
Ji0VifQi^Q4QXf>vg Svt0g ml tiSv toiiwQX^v tivdg nK&v 
bA t»g mtaSfi8pmfi&G n^m ^ tovgJ^' wtfiv «v- 
J*«^avg, tatg 8h aAA««^ M tdg ^^' 'Sitsovimv^i 
Mvnii^vv iq>OQtMV0ag. tavta 8h fipvMfiivov^ ^i^v 
Svmog fuA %€i,n(»v8iSH(ii/v0sv ai^ovg iiiyafs yjBvofis- 
vog • zQ6mtov ,8h ^t^avzeg tmtov ijwAttfwro. t^ 8* 36 



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26 LIB. L CAP. VI. VII. 

'EtBov^xp 6 wcfjQBtixog KiXfjgndvta i^iiyf$iXs ta jugl 
tijv vuvyM%lav. 6 Sk avtov naXiv ilijcsfiifsv Bjhtmv 
tolg hovCL 6imn'^ ixnletv xal (iijdsvl diaUyB0^ai,^ me- 
Qa%ifii\ia Sh avd^Lg fcXstv slg to iavtmv &tQat6ns8ov 
iiftsqxxvmiiivovg xai fiomvtag oti KaXXiMQatldag vsvt^ 
Hfpcs vavyLax&v xal oti al twv ^A%^vaCmf vtjsg dxoXi6^ 

^T Xa0w ana6ai. xal ot ^lv tavt* ixoiovv avtog d\ 
iitsid^ ixstvot xatijtXsov f idvstdsvayyiXiaf xtdtotg 
6tQatu6tai>g JtaQiiyysi>Xs dsiacvo7Coist6^ai, , xaL totg ifar- 
noQoi^g td %QijfLata 6imn:fi ivd^sfiivovg slg td nXota 
dicoTcXstv slgXiovy ^v 8h to TCvsvfia ovqcov^ xaLtdg 

88tQi,ijQsigt^vta%f6ti]v, avtog 8h to xstov dic^ysv stg 
tfjv Mij&vfLvav, to 6tQat6ics8ov ifLnQii6ag. Kovmv 
8h xad^sXxvCag tdg vavg^ iscsl oZ ts noXifuoc a7cs8s- 
8Qdxs6av xal 6 avsiiog sv8uUtsQog ^i/, djcavti^^ag 
totg ^A^vcUoig ^8r^ dvifynivoig ix tSv ^AQycvov^av 
SfpQa6s td nsQl tov ^Etsovixov. ot 8h ^A^vatoc xati- 
nXsv6av stg r^i/ MvtiXvivf(v^ ixstd^sv 8^ ijtavrfi^^/fiav 
slg triv Xtov^ xal ov8hv 8ianQaidfisvoc dni7cXsv6ar 
iycl IJd^v. 

Vn. Ot& iv otxp tovtovg fihv tovg 6tQatfiyovg hcav^ 
6av nXviv K6v(ovog' iCQogSh tovtp sZXovtoji^stfiaff^ 
tov xal tQttov 0iXoxXia. tav 8h vav(iaxiij6dvtmv 
6tQatijydlv nQmt6fLa%og fihv 9cal *AQc6toyivfjg ovx 
S dn^^Xd^ov slg ^Adijvag^ tmv 8h S| xaxanX^v6dvtmv^ Us^ 
QixXiovg xal AwfLiSovtog xal Av6tov xai ^AQUttoxQd" 
tovg xal @Qa6vXXov xal ^Qa6ivt8oVj ^AQ%i8fi(iog 6 
tov8iiliov t6ts nQos6tf^mg iv *A9^vacg xal t^g 810^ 
BsXtag ini($sX6fLsvog *EQa6ivl8^ incfioX^v im^aXmv 
xaxrffOQSc iv 8ixa6tviQitp ^ fpd6xmv i% *EXXfi6n6vtof> 
avtov fyscv %QiifLata ovta tov 8i^fLov' xatrjy^QSi, 8h 
xai nsQl T^g 6tQatijyiag. xal i8ois tp 8ixa6tfiQtp 8n- 



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LIB. I. CAP. VU. 27 

eiu tov *BQaai,vidfpf. [ista di tavta iv tjj §wk^ di/i^H 
yovvto ot 6tQafvrffoi nsQltB rigfg vavftMxtccg xal tov [U^ 
yid^ovg tov XBifimvog. TiiionQaxovg d^ ebtovtog oTt 
nal tovg allovg xq^ ds^ivtag $lg tov d^^nov xagado^ 
^vaiy ^ fiovl^q Idvi^B, (Uta dh tavta iKnlrflla iyi^^ 
vBtOj iv ^ tSv 6tQaxifySv HatijyoQow akkoi, tB nal 
SfiQaiiivfig imXufta^ dLxaiovg dvai Xoyov vno^x^tv 
iwti ovH avsiXovto tovg vavayovg. oti (ikv yoQ 
ovdsvog aXXov Ka^ntovto imetoXiifv ixsdsixw fMQ- 
tvQiov f^v iiCBnifav ot OtQatifyol slg tfjv fiovXiiv xal 
slg tov d^iMV^ aAAo ovdlv altLoifLSvoi ^ tov x^tfifln/a. 
($sta tavta dh ot ^tQatffyol fiQaximg Sxccotog axeXo- 5 
yij^atOy ov y&Q TCQOvtidfj <ftpC6c Xoyog xata tovvofMV^ 
xal ta xsxQayfiiva difiyovvtOj oti avtol ^lv iitl tovg 
xoXsfUovg nXioiBv^ tfp/ 81 avalQB6iv tiSv vavayAv 
iCQOtSta^Biav tmv tQtfiQaQx<ov avdQatSiv Ixavolg xai 
i&tQatffffpio^iV ^dfj^ BfiQafiivBi, xal @QaavfiovXp xal 
aXXotg totovtotg* xcA BtXBQ yi tivag diov^ icbqI tf^g^ 
avacQi^smg ovdiva aXXov Ixsiv aitovg altui0a6^at ij 
tovtovg olg TCQoostaxOfi. xcA ovx otc ys xatffyoQovifiv 
ijffcot/, ItpaiSav j tlfBV^oiiBd^a q>d0xovtsg avtovg alttovg 
slvaiy aXXa to fiiys^og tov x^i^f^^og slvac to xcaXv^ 
aav t^v dvatQS6iv. tovtC9v dh fuiQtVQag naQslxovto 
tovg xvfisQvijtag xal aXXovg t(ov ^vfiTcXsovtayv noX-- 
Aovff. toiavta Uyovtsg hcsidw tov d^^fLOv ifiovXovto 7 
dl noXXol tcSv IduotcSv ^fyvdad^ai dvuftdfisvoc' idois 
dh dvafiaXiad^ai slg itiQav ixxXfjatav tots yaQ o^i ^v 
xal tdg x^tQag ovx av xa^^smQcav ' r^ Sh fiovX'^ nQO- 
fovXsv^aoav Bl^svsyxsPv otn tQ6ncp ot ovdQsg xQln 
voivto. fistd dh tavta iytyvsto *AnatovQm^ ivolgoZH 
tB natiQsg xal ot 0vyysvBtg 6vvbc6c 6fpt6w avtoltg. ot 
ovv nsQl tov OfiQa^ivfi naQSOxBvaCav dv^Qcinovg 



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«8 LIB. I. CAP. VIL 

pJXavu Ifiatttt ixovtag xal iv XQp ouiUbQfUVOvg Ttok- 
%^vg ivwvvg t^ ioift^^tva XQog t^v ixit^iavfiMOUVx 
wg d^ ^vyyevetg Sfvtsg tdv axoXokhitmv^ ^alKeMU^ 
%Bvov imi^av iv t^ fiovXg nuxtifffaQtBhfxiBv^t^tdfiyiiSv. 
9ivtBV%^v ixKhr^^iaiv iscohw^ eig i|fi/ ^ fiovX^ eiaijve' 
^e tfjv Savv^ yvmp^p/ KaJiAiiivov alxovtog tiivdi* 
^EmS^ tw <t!B Katt^yoQovvtmv uata tSv 6tQat^mv 
jmtI ixBtvmv anoXoyovfkivmv iv trg xfotiQ^ ixxXriala 
amimaaij iuxi^vi^ha^Q^ai ^A^valovg axavtag uata 
^^vXmg* S-BtvM^ iSi Btg vi^ g>vX9Jv ixdctiiv 8f6o vdiQtag' 
ig>* BKdffty^i fQ g>vX^ xiiQvxa xfiQvttBiVj 5tp doxoi)^ 
&iv aduu&f ot CtQimiyol ovx dvBXofLBvoi, tovg wxii- 
6amag iv vg vavpuxxta^ slg t^v XQOtiQav ^fptoa^d^a^, 

lOotm ih pf, slg tijv i^tiQav av d\ doiat^iv ddiifstv^ 
^avwc^ ifllkLmCac xal totg BvdBxa jcaQadovvai xat ta 
XfiijlLata 8fiiio6cBv6aiy to d' ijciiixatov v^g ^bov Blr- 

11 vai. ocofijX^B 8i tvg Blg tiiv ixxJlAj^tav ^d6xmv hX 
tBvxovg dXqdtmv 6md^vav' ijciatiXXaiv A* avtptovg 
dTCoXXviiivovgj idv ^md^jjy dmyyBtXav tp ^aifip ot$ 
ot ^tQatfjyol ovx dvetXovto toxfg dQtctovg VTchQ f^g 

12xatQt8og yBvo^kivovg. tov 8% KaXXCiBvov 7CQ06BxaXi^ 
6avto naQavonLa g>d6xovtsg yByQag>ivac EvQtmto^ 
XBfiog tB 6 IhuSMvaxtog xat dXXoc tivig. tov 8h 8ijiiov 
ivioc tavta iscyvfiWj to ^h^^^ogifioa 8bi,vov elvai 

13 bI (mj tig id6Bc tbv 8i^iiiov jCQdttuv o dv fiovXrflai. xai 
ixl tovtocg Blnovtog Avxt6xov xat tovtovg ty awg 
1lnjg>ff xQtvB^d^ac ^far^p xal tovg 6iiQa^^fivgj idv jifi 
aipm6c t^v xXri6iVy ijCB9^0Qvfi^6B zdXiv 6 ojcXQgy xfd 

14 ^mpcd^d^fi^av dg>iivixi tdg xXij6sLg. xmv 8h a^QvtdvBmv 
tivmv ov g>a6x6vtmv xqo^6bcv t^v 8iailnj^t6Lv TtOQd 
fbv poiMVj iW9ig KaXXiiBvog dvafidg xatr^yoif^ av- 
tmv td aitd. ot 8h dfiomv xoXbIv toig oi g>d6xovtag 



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LIB. I. CAP. m 39 

ot d^ ^tifvtweis g>ofiijd^htt8g^mfiQi6jiom^vtM9 ^tifOrli 

ov» S^ ikJC tI HMi^ voiiav xdvta not/ii^^v. nsta d& 16 
r«ura avafiii^E&^ifimiioAsiifOg iX^^ p^ ^v <ft4fc(:mr 
ynv tuds. 

Tai»ivxatsfyoQ^cyi/y di &vd(f^s*A,^l!W^^(^ ^^ 
fi9tvivd:ddsIkQimkiovgavayiikuiov f»o& ovtog n^ i9*r 
tijde/ovf KuL^dwykiSovtogtpikoUy ta d* vjf^^AwAo^r- 
66fievog^ td 81 iH^ov^vc^a^ afio^ ioxBtoffi^Otaslr' 
vm iBsedcff t^ xoXsi. xat^i^(fm f^ ovv avtdiv ou%j 
Imsiifav tovg 6wd(f%ovtag fiovkoiiivovg ui^usiv y^d(ir' 
lucta t^ ts fiov^ mi v^v SrA iTicitaiav %0 @ijQa(f4vsi> 
Moi Si(fa6vfiovi(p vsxta(fduQvta %al ima t%^^i^c^v 
xvsXi^diu^tovg vmxayovgy oi A^ ovz^ ivsjCXovw,. slta 18 
vuv Tqv aitiav »omivixova0f kksdmv I9i^ afHM(f%6vr 
$mv^ xal avtlv^g tots q^kKavtSt^wtia^ vfSmvm intsivGiv 
%s %ai tivatv ilifov ixvfiovJUv6(isvop, mvdw^ovo^v 
ojcokiff^^' om avv(ks!!gyiii04.mid'if(BfS^ta Si7MMil9 
val o€ia noiovvtsg^ xal o9sv ymhiisxa tdXr^ xsvds-' 
€^s nai ov fkstavo^fUxvtsg v6ts(fov svgt^^sts cgmg av- 
tovg ^pM(ftipt6tag td {kiyuita sig Ssovg ts utA v{Lag 
avtovg. 6V(ifiovXsvm d* viitv^ iv olg ov&'' vn* i\kQV 
ovd'* vn aXlov ovdsvog i^tcv il^anatfi&^vaL viitagy xai 
tovg aSvmvvtag sldotsg Kold6s6%s y av fiovXtjOd^s 
dixfiy xal &ii^a mdvtag xal xa#' sva sxa^tov, si fiig 
xliov, dXXd ^iav iJfi^Mri/ S6vtsg avtoXg VTtig avt&v 
dxoXoyij^a^&aL, (iif aXXoig (idXXov jcustsvovtsg ij 
vfi,tv avtotg. l6ts Si^ <d &vSQsg *A%^atoi^ Tcdvtsg Sti ro 20 
Kawayvov in^tpie^d i6tcv i6%VQ6tatov^ S xsXsvsv^ idv 
tig voy ^A^^ffvaimv Sijiuyv aS^xg^ SsSsfiivov dstoSL' 
xstv iv ttp Sijn^^ xal idv xaxayvm6%^ aSixstv^ dno- 
ttavstv slg td fiiaQad^^fov ififiXijd^svta, td 81 xQi^iiata 



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30 LIB. L CAP. m 

avtov dviitsvd^vav huI irqff d^iov ro inidimtov slvai 

21 xata tovto to if^q>i6fLa xsXsiMO xQivsod^ai tovg 6tQa- 
tm^ovg Hal vviJCa^ av vfitv ys dox^y nfiStov IIsQtt 
nXia tov iftol XQOffipcovta' ai6%qov ydg ^t iativ ixst- 

22 vov nsQl leksCovog noist^fhu q tqv oAi^v leoXiv. tovto 
d* sl BovXs^d^Sy Hota tovds rov vofkov xQtvatSy og 
i^tiv inl totg tsQoHvXoig xcd ngoddtaig^ idv ttg ^ t^v 
noXvv ngodidp ij td tsgd xXinty^ XQid^ivta iv duca- 
6tfiQtp, dv HatayvGHSd^y f*^ taq>iimu iv vg *AttiM^^ 

23 td Sh XQij^ata avtov Sfi(i66va slvai. tovtfov onotiQp 
fiovXs^d^Sy cJ avdQsg ^A^vatov^ rp vo^ KQivi^d^mv 
ot dvSQsg xatd Sva Sxa6tov diyQiiiiivayv trjg ri(U- 
Qag tQuov (isQcSvy ivog iiiv iv ^ ^vXXiys^d^ai v^kdg Sst 
xal Sunfniq^tis^d^acy idv ts dStxstv Soxm0iv idv ts ft^j 
itiQov S* iv 5» xatfiyoQ^6at,^ StiQov S* ivip dnoXoyii-- 

24 ca^d^ai. toHtwv dh yi/yvoflivmv ot (ihv ddixovvtsg tsv^ 
iovtai v^g fksyCctvig ti^Qtag^ ot S" dvattiot iXsv&s- 
Q(o%^6ovtai vg>* v(ii5v^ m ^Ad^vatov^ xal ovx ddixovv- 

25 tsg dnoXovvtai. v^stg Sh xatd tov v6(iov svcsfiovt^ 
tsg xal svoQxovvtsg xQivstts xal ov 6vii7CoXs^6sts 
AaxsdaviiovCoig tovg ixsivovg ifido^MJxovta vavg dq)s- 
Xofiivovg xal vsvCxiptotag ^ tovtovg dnoXXv^ftsg dxQC- 

26tovg TCaQd tov v6(iov. tC 8h xal 8s8i6tsg 6q>6dQa ov- 
tcog insCyscd^s; ^' (ifj ovx v(istg ov dv fiovXfj^d^s «jro- 
xtsCvfits xal iXsv&SQciCfjts , dv xatd roi/ v6(iov xqCvtj^ 
tSy dXX* ovx dv naQa tov v6(iov y S6nsQ KaXXd^svog 
tijv povXfjv Snsiesv slg tov 8^(iov sl6svsyxstv (kv^ inj^ 

2799' 9 ^^^' ^^^S ^'^ ^^^ xal ovx attiov ovtadnoxtsi^ 
vavtSy (ista(isXfJ6si 81 v6tsQOV. dva(ivij6d7its d^ dX- 
ysivov xal dvtofpsXkg fjSfj i6tCj iCQog d' itc xal nsQl d^a^ 

28 Wrot; dvd^Qoinov fi(iaQtfix6tsg, 8sivd 8' dv noiij6ans^ 
sl *AQi6tdQxp (ihv iCQ^tsQOv tov 8fj(i,ov xataXvovtif 



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LIB. 1. CAP. VU. 81 

slta di Olvoi^v iCQodtdovtL &rificUoi^ noXiiiioLg oi^Wj 
idots i^fkiQav anoXoyri^ws^m y i(hvls%o smeI t&kla 
xara tov v6f$ov XQovd^Bti^ roi;$ 8h CtQotriyovg toifg 
%avta viUvTcata yvdiifiv nQa^avtag^ vvm^cavtc^ ii 
tovg noXeittovg, taiv a^dttSv tovtav ano&tsQii^sts 
fi^ Vfistg ysy m ^A^valoi^ aXX' iavtcSv ovtag tovg i/o*29 
Hovg, di* ovg (idXi6ta ^kiyiCtoC iats^ tpvXdttovtsg^ 
avsv tovtmv ^kriSkv nQattsiv asiQdcd^s. inaviMsts 
Sh xol in* avtd td nQdy^iata xccd'* S xal at dfiaQtiai 
doxov6v ysysv^ad-aL totg otQatTjyotg. insl yaQ XQatij- 
0avtsg Tj vav^tt%C(f slg f^v y^v xatinXsv6av , ^toini^ 
iayv fikv ixiXsvsv dva%^ivtag inl xiQ€9g anavtag dvair- 
Qstod^cu td vavdyia xal tovg vavayovg, *EQa6ivldr^g d* 
ini tovg nQog MvtiXr^vr^v noXsfklovg tr^v ttt%i6trfv 
nXstv anavtag' ®Qd6vXXog dldfiq^otSQa iqyri ym/i^d^ai, 
dv tdg iihv avtov xataXln(a6i^ tatg 8h inl tovg noXs- 
liiovgnXia6v' xal io^vtmv tovtwv xataXinstv tQstg^Q 
vavg S7ta6tov ix trjg avtov ^vikikOQiag^ ttSv ^tQatr^- 
ymv oxtm ot^aii/, xal tdg tdSv taiidQ%(DV dixa xci 
tdg ZafkiQnv dixa xal tdg tmv vavdQ%iov tQstg* 
avtai, ana6icv yiyvovtai intd xal tsttaQdxovta ^ tit^ 
taQsg nsQl sxd6triv vavv tSv dnoXaXvtfSv dddsxa 
ov6(Sv. t(Sv Sh xataXsi^d^ivtiov tQvriQdQ%(ov ij6av xai 31 
BQa6vfiovXog xal ®riQaiiivrig ^ og iv tfj nQotiQcc ix- 
xXri6icf xatr^yoQSv t&v 6tQatriy(Sv. tatg dh aXXavg 
vav6lv inXsov inl tdg noXsfiiag. ti tovtcav ov% txa- 
vm^xal xaXmg] inQa^av; ovxovv dCxavovtd ijvhv nQog 
tovg noXsfiiovg fiij xaXcSg nQa^d^ivta tovg nQog tov- 
tovg ta^d^ivtag vni%svv Xoyov^ tovg dh nQog tr^v dvair- 
QS6vv^ firi novij6uvtag a ot 6tQatr^o\ ixiXsv6aVy dvotv 
ovx dvsCXovto XQivs6%av. to6ovtov d^ {%a) slnstv vnlQ 32 
diupotiQCDV otv 6 %sviivciv dvsxciXv6s (irjdlv nQ&iav £v 



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82* LIB. 1. CAF. Vn. 

ot (tTQatifyol naQ6X€X€v6avto, tovrwv 91 fUKpn^pft 
ot ow&^vtsg ano troti avtondtov^ mv dg ta^^putiQOiv 
6tQatifymv M xatncdwffig vimg ducom^eig^ ov xekev-^ 
ov6t tiffait^^q>q> n(fiv&f&€Uy xal ccvtov tots dsofisv^v • 
avw^fiiUmg^ fJM^ tohg ov nffiJgavtag ta nQ06ta%^v^ 

38 Ta. ikiitolvvv^ ci avd(fsg'Adi^vatk>t^ avtl [ihv v^g vt^ 
xijg 9ucl t^ svtvxtag Ofioux noiri^^ts totg^ ifttfnUvoig 
ts xal axvxov6iv^ avtl 8i tcSv ix d^sov avayxoUav 
ayvmfwvstv ddinits j n(fodo6lav xatayv6vtsg avtl f^g 
adtmmUagy ov% txavovg ysvoiuivovg 8m tov ^sijmva 
n(fSiav ta nQOCtaxfiivta - akXa noXv 8ixai6tSQOv ^ts- 
g>dvoifg ysQatgstv tovg vixdivtag ^, d^avdtp iijf^tovv 
WVfiQptg avd^Qcinotg nstS-Ofiivovg. 

34 Tavt ' stnmv EvQvntoXsyLog fy^faifs yvcigiip/ xata 
to Kawcavov tlniq>i6iia xgivs^d^at tovg av8Qpcg 8t%a 
lxa6tov ' ii 81 tijgPovXijg ^v (ii^ '^lf^^p anavtag x^t- 
vstv, tovtc9v. 81 8taxj^t(fotovovfitivmf to (ihv ngcStov 
ixQtvav tyv EvQvntoXiiiov • vno(ito6aiiivov 8l Msvs^ 
xXiovg xal ndXtv StaxstQotovtag ysvo^ivfig ixQtvav 
ti^ ti^g fiovXilg, xal [ista tavta xats^q>t6avto tmv 
vaviiLa%ri6dvtaiv 6tQaftriy(ov oxt^ ovtcnv anid-avov 
8h ot noQovtsg 1$. xal ov noXXp XQOvp v6tsQ0v iksti^ 
litsXs totg ^Ad^vatotg^ xal itlnj<pt6avto ^ otttvsg tov 8^ 
(nov ilfindtfiaav j nQofioXdg avt(ov slvaty xdl iyyvfj^ 
tdg xata6tfj6aty icag dv XQtd^m^tVy slvat 8% xdl KaXXt- 
^svov tovtcov. nQOvfiXijd^rjOav 8s xal aXXot tittaQsg^ 
xal iSidfjOav vno tc5v iyyvrj6afiiva)v, v6tsQov 8% 
6td6scig ttvog ysvoiiivrjg, iv 5 KXso<p(5v dnid^avsv^ 
ani8Qa6av ovtot^ nQlv xQtd"^vat' KaXXi%svog 81 xat- 
sX^dtv ots xal ot ix UstQatcSg slg to fi6tv^ (u^oviuvo^ 
vno ndvtcov Xiitm dnid^avsv. 



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LIB. II. CAP. L 33 



[B.J 



UC dh iv tfj Xi^ (ista tov ^Etsovixov, (StQattcotat ov- 1. 
tsq^ icjg [ihv ^i(fog ijv, ayto ts f^g Sgag itQitpovto xaL 
igyaioiuvoi i^ujd-ov xata trjv %oiQav' insl Sh xsLfnbv 
iyivsto xal tgofjp^v ow sl^ov yvi^voi ts^<Tav xal dvv- 
xodfjtoi^y 0wi6tavto aXkriXoig hcH 6vvsxi%svto mg tjj 
Xip iTtiSTjeoiisvov' olg dh tavta aQiiSxoc TidXa^ov q>s^ 
gsiv idoxsv , iva aXXrikovg (td^^ouv ojco^of, stijaav. tcv^ 2 
^•oiisvog dh to ovvdifnia 6 'EtsoviHog, dnoQtog ^hv sl^s 
ti XQ^to tm nQayiucti dcd to nXijd^og taiv xaXaiiijq>6- 
QfBV to ts ydq ix roii; ifiq>avovg ini,%siQiiiSai otpaXs- 
Qov idoxsc slvaij fiij sig td onXa 0Q^6m6i xal triv 
noXiv xata6%6vtsg xal ^oAif^to^ ysvofksvoi dnoXiacaiSi 
ndma td nQdy^iata^ av XQatr^CCHSi^ ro r' av dnoX- 
Xvvai dv^Qcinovg6V{ifkd%ovg noXXovg dsivov ifpatvsto 
slvaiy fi,ri tiva xal slg tovg aXXovg "EXXrjvag diafioX^^v 
6%otsv xal ot 6tQatimtai 8ii6voi ngog td nQayiiata 
m6iv' dvaXapdv 81 (isd'* iavtovavdQag nsvtsxatdsxaS 
iy%siQtduc Sxovtag inoQsvsto xatd v^v noXiVy xcd iv- 
tv%civ tivi ofpd^aXiiLmvtt dvd^Qcinp dniovti, i( latQst- 
Wy %aXaikovi%ovtVj dnixtsivs. d^OQvfiov dl ysvo(ii- ^ 
vov xol iQonmvtmf tvvmv 8id ti dnid^avsv 6 av^Qcsh' 
nog^ nccQayyiXXsiv ixiXsvsv o^Etsovixog^ otvtovxd- 
Xa^ov sl%s. xatd 81 tr^v nagayysXtav iQQtntow ndv- 
tsg O60V sl%ov tovg xaXdfiovgy dsl 6 dxoiicov 8s8LCog ^^ 
otp^stri i%(ov. ikstd 8s tavta6'Ets6viXog6vyxaXi6ag5 
tovg Xtovg %Qi^nata ixiXsv6s 6wsvsyxstVy onmg 
ot vavtai Xafic^i (AUfd^ov xal f^i; vs(OtSQt6(06t tu ' ot 8% 
st6ijvsyxav * aiuc 8^ slg tdg vavg i6i](irivsv sl6fiatvsi,v " 
Xenoph. Hist. Gr. 3 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



34 LIB. II. CAP. I. 

nQ06id)v dh iv iiSQBi tcuq' exdatfjv vavv TeaQed^aQQwi 
ts xal TtaQyvsi xoXXd, (hg tov ysysvr^^svov ovdlv sl- 

Q ddg , xal ^iad^ov iKd6tc3 ^rivog StiSfoxs. iisrd Sl tav- 
ta ot Xtov xal ol aXXoi avfi^axoi 6vkXsysvtsg slg^^qis^ 
60V ipovXsvoavto nsQl tc5v ivs6t7jx6t(Dv nQay^tiOv 
nifixsi/i/ slg AaxsSaCiLOva nQi6^svg taikd ts iQOVvtag 
xalAvcavSQOV ahi^eovtag inl tdg vavg^ si (psQOfisvov 
^aQa toTg dvfifidxing xatd triv TtQotiQav vavaQxCav^ or« 

Ixal trjv iv Notip ivCxrjas vaviiaxiav, xal dit£yti(ir' 
q)d^0av nQiafisig^ 6vv avtotg Sh xal naQa Kvqov tav^ 
td Xiyovtsg ayysloi. ot Sh AaxsSaifkoviov iSo6av tov 
Av6avdQOv d>g im6tokia^ vavaQxov S\ ''Aqoxov' ov 
ydQ vofiog a^otg Slg tov avtov vavaQxstv tdgfiiv' 
rofc vavgitaQiSo^av AvadvSQcp [it(5v ijSri t& nokifAp 
nivts xal stxo6i ^JtaQsXriXvd^otCDt']. 

g [Tovtip S\ tm iviavt(p xal KvQog dnixtsvvsv Av^ 
to§ov6dxriv xal Mi/tQd^tov ^ vlstg ovtag t^^g AaQUtiw 
dSsXqy^g trjg tov SiQ^ov irov AaQsiov statQog^ otv av- 
tdi daavtwvtsg ov Svi(D6av Svd t^g xoQi^g tdg %siQag^ o 
novoi^t fi(x0vXst iwvov ^ Si xoQr^ i6tl (laTCQotSQov r^ 
XSVQig 5 iv y r^i/ %£^a ixcnv ovSsv av Svvmto 3tovr}64a. 

^^lsQa^ivrig {ikv ovv xal rj yw^ SXsyov ftQog AuQiatov 
Ssvvov dvav simsQVQtl^av t^v X(av v^qvv tovtov 6 Sh 
avtdv (istani^jtstav (og dQQ(o6t(i5v^ Ttsiifag dyyiXovg.] 

10 TdiS^ invovtv hsv^inVAQxvta iisv i(poQSvovtogy 
i»; «Moi/rog ^ iv 'Ad^rjvavg *AXsitov^Av6avSQog d(pvx6(AS^ 

vog sig "Eq>s6ov ybstsniin^to 'EtsovvTcov ix Xvov 6W 
tutg vav6iy xal tdg aXXag nd6ag 6vvrj^Qov6sv^ st 
xori tvg ^v , xcA tavtag r* i%s6xsva%s xal aXXag iv *Av- 

11 tdvSQ4p hm^nriystto. iX%^mv Ss xaQd Kvqov jj^^ijfMmr 
^tsv 6 S' ait^ shuv otv td (ihv jtaQa §a6iXi(ag dvri" 
Xcofisva strj ^ xalhv^XsicaxoXX^, Suxvvatv o6a sxa 



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LIB. 11. CAP. I. 35 

^yroff t(Sv vavaQX'^ ^X^^? ofi(og d' idiJOKS. Xafidv dhl^ 
6 A66avdQog tdoyvQiov , ijtl tag tQLiJQBtg tQHfiQaQXOvg 
ini6trj6$ xcd totg vavtaig tov ofpscXoiisvov liusd^ov 
dniiwiirp. niOQscxsvdiovto ds xal ot t&v 'A^vaCtov 
CtQatt^ol iCQpg tp vavtixov iv t^ ^ld^ci, 

KvQog. d* ixl tovtovg i/,stsniikifato AvcavdQOv^ IS 
hcsl avt^ ^aQpt rot; xatQpg '^sv ayysXog Xsyov oti 
aQQCDiSt^v ixslvov xaXofyf , m/ iv ©a^vriQioig t^^g Mif- 
diagiyyvgKadovCiayv^ iq>^ ovg itftQatsvCsv dg^sctdh- 
tag. ^xQvta {(h Avf^avSfiOv ovx sta vavfMcxstv nQoglA 
*Adi^vq^Qt(g^ idv (lij noXX^ itXstovg vccvg ixV ^^^^^ ^^9 
XjQ^HLata %oXXa xticl fiaCtXst xal avtciy Scts tovtov 
svsxsv JtoXXdg tcXhiqovv, naQidsil^s d* avtp ndvtag 
tovgg^oQovg tovg ix tc5v 7e6Xs(Qv^ ot avt^ tdioi ^tfai/, 
xal td ^sQ¥ttd XQijiiata idmxs * xcci dva^vi^aag dg slxs 
^ikCag nQp^ ts v^v ttSv Aaxsdat^vicov jcoXlv xal XQog 
Av6avdQ0v I8t(f , dvi§atvs naQa roi/ natsQa. 

Av6ay8Qog 8\ insl avtp KvQog ndvta nccQa8ovg 15 
td avtov x^Qog tov natiQa dQQC06tovpta i^stdnsiintog 
dvifiatvSj lki6%ov 8ia8ovg tfj 6tQatia dvijx^ ^^ff Ka- 
Qiag slg tov KsQd(iiSiov xoXnov. xal nQ06§aXmv noXsi 
t(Dv'Ad7iv^tav 6viik(iidxff ovo^a Ks8QstaLg fQ v6tSQata 
nQo^fioXy xatd xQdtpg alQSt xal i^fiv8Qan68L6sv. 'fi^av 
8h fu%opdQ§aQOi p[ ivoixovvtsg. ixstd^sv 8* dninXsv^ 
6SV slg'P68ov, ol 8' 'A^vatOL ix f^g Zdfiov 6Q(ici(iS- 16 
voL tiiv fia6LXi(pg xax(3s inotovv , xal inl v^v Xtov xal 
t^v^^q^s^ov ininXsovy xal naQS6xsvdiovto nQog vav^ 
jMcxtav , xol 6tQati^yovg nQog totg vndQX0v6L nQ06st~ 
Xovto Mivav8Q0Vy Tv8iayKiq(pL668otov. Av6av8Qog^n 
ix t^Q *P68ov nccQa t^v ^IcDvtav ixnXst nQog tov ^EXXi^^' 
novtov nQ6g ts tAv nXotov tov ixnXow xal inl tdg 
dg>$6ti/ixvtag avtiv n6XsLg. dvqyovto 81 xcd.ot ^Ad"^- 

8* 



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36 LIB. 11. CAP. I. 

18 vatoi ix t^g Xiov nBXayu)i, ' t^ yaff 'A6icc noksfUa av- 
roig ^v ' AvaavdQog tf * i\ 'Jfivdov naQinkBv sig AafL- 
ipaxQV 6vii^a%ov ov6av ^A^vaCmf ' xal ol 'Afivdfjvol 
xal ot akXoL itaQ7J6av net^ ' ^yetro dl BmQaJi jiaxsdac" 

19 (loviog. XQ06fial6vtsg di tfj tcoXbl atQov6L xata xQa- 
togj xal 8Li^Qna6av ot 6tQatt(Stai ov6av nXov6Cav xal 
otvov xal 6itov xal t(Sv aXXmv inttijdsianf nXiJQrj * ta 

20 dh iXBvd^BQa 6(6fLata navta aofy^B Av6av8Qog, ot 8' 
^Adi^vatoL xata n68ag nXdovtBg mQfU6avto t^g Xbqqo- 
VT^^ov iv*EXaLovvtivav6lv 6y8oipcovtaxalixat6v, iv- 
tav^a 8fi aQiatonoiovndvoig avtotg ayyiXXBtai ta nBQi 

21 Adiitlfaxov j xal Bvdifg avri%%ifi6av Blg Ihi6t6v, ixBL- 
d^ev 8' svd^g ini6LtL6ayi,BV0L inksv6av stg Alydg nota- 
[lotfg avtiov r^$ Aaiipdxov- 8Li%SL 8* b*EXXi]6novtog 
tavtri 6ta8iovg (og nsvtsxai^Bxa. ivtavd^a 8h iSsinvo' 

22 noLOvvto. Av6av8Qog 8h rg inL0v6ji wxti^ insl oq- 
^Qog tJv 5 i67J(i7^vBv slg tag vavg dQL6tonoLvi6a^vovg 
stefiaivsLv^ ndvta 8h naQa6xBva6d^6vog dg stgvav^ 
^a%iav xal td naQapXi^iiata naQafiaXcivy nQOStnsv dg 

'23 (ii]8slg xLVTq6oLto ix v^g tdis(og iifj8l dvdioito. ot Ss 
'Ad^vatoL afia r© '^Xip dvi6%ovtL inl tp XLfiivL naQs^ 
td^avto iv fistdnp dg stg vaviia%iav. insl 8hovx dvt^ 
avTfyays Av6av8Qog^ xal tijg "^fiiQag otlfh ^v, dnd- 

24 nXsv6av ndXLv sig tovg Alyog notafiovg. Av6av8Qog 
8i tdg ta%i6tag tmv vsav ixiXsv6sv snB6%aL totg ^A^t^- 
vaiocg^ insL8dv 8s ixfim^Lj xatL86vtag o,rt 7COlov6l% 
dnonXsiv xal avttp i^ayystXaL. xal ov nQ6tsQ0v H^Bfiir- 
Pa66v sx twv v6(Dv nQLV avtaLrjxov. tavta 8* dnoisi 

25 tsttaQag rjfisQag • xal ot ^AdTjvatoc inaviqyovto. ^AX- 
XL^Ld8rig dl xatt8(ov ix tcSv t6L%(dv tovg (ihv *A%^al 
ovg iv aiyLaXm oQfiovvtag xal nQog ovSsuLa ndXsL^ ti, 
8^ snLtijSeLa sx Zlri6xov ^ietL^vtag nsvtsxaiSsxa 6ta- 



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LIB. n. CAP. I. 37 

iiovg ixo tdSv vacivj tovg dh xoXs^uovs iv Xv^dvi xal 
n^og tcoXbi, i%ovtag Tcdvta, ovk ivxaXdi iqyri avrovg 
oQyLitVj aXXa [lud^OQiu^av alg Ihictov naQT^vac TtQog te 
Xiftiva xaL XQog noXiv * ov ovtsg vaviucxijosts , iiffiy 
otav fiovXfi^d^s. ot Sh 6tQatfjyo£, [uiXi^ta dh Tvdstfg26 
xal MsvavdQogy a^Uvav avtov hciXsvCav ' avtol yaQ 
vvv 6tQatfiystVy ovx ixsivov. xal 6 [liv ^xsto. Avoav- 27 
dQog d\ hcsl r^v rnUQa jei^jctri iniacXiovoi, totg^A^Ti" 
vatoLg^ shcs totg icaQ avxovhcoydvoig^ i^v xat£d(o-' 
0CV avtovg ixfispfixotag xocL ioxsdao^ivovg xata tiiv 
XsQQOVfi^ov^ o^SQ inotow xoXv ^dXXov xad^ sxd6tfp/ 
fllkiQaVy td ts Oi/cia ycoQQiod^sv Avovfisvoc xai xata- 
q>QOvovvtsg dfj tov Av6dvdQov^ or* ovx avtav^sv^ 
ixoTcXiovtag tovjixaXiv %aQ avtov aQac dojctda xata 
IIS60V tov ycXovv. ol ds taika inoifri6av log ixiXsv6s. 
Av6avdQog d^ svd^g ioilix/rivs tf^v taxt6tfiv nXstv 28 
OvimaQ^sc ds xal @ciQal^ to xs^ov sxatv. Kovaov Sh 
Idmf tov i%CnXoWy i6ijiifiv&v sig tdg vavg fiori^slv 
xatd xQdtog. dcs6xsda6iiiviov 8h tmv dvd^Qcixiov ^ al 
^ihvtiSvvsiSvdtxQOtoc^aVy at 8h luyvoxQotocj at 8h 
navtsXSg xsval* ^ 8h Kovmvog xai aXXau tcsqX avtov 
hctd TcXfiQSig dvi^x^^^''^ dd^Qoac xal '^HdQaXog, tdg 
8^ aXXag Tcdoag Av6av8Qog iXafis JCQog vq yH- '^o^ff '^ 
xXsi^tovg av8Qag iv t^ yg 6wiX^sv' ol 8% xaX igwyov 
slg td tsi^xv^Qia. Kovmv 8% taXg iwia vav6l g>8vyiovy 29 
ixsl iyvio tiovld^vaiiov tic yCQdyfucta 8u<p^aQiisvay 
xaxa6%mf iTcl ti^v ^AfiaQvC8a tiqv Aa^ifdxov axQav 
iXafisv avto^sv td ^sydXa tiovAv6dv8QOV vsAv t^tla^ 
xai avtog (ihv oxtio vavolv dn4%Xsv6s naQ* EvayoQav 
slgKvTCQOVy fi 8h HdQaXog slg tdg'Ad^agy dTcayys- 
Xov6a td ysyovota. Av6av8Qog 8h tdg ts vavg xolSO 
tovg alxiiaXmovg oeal taXXa ndvta sig AdfbiHXxov 



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38 LIB. U. CAP. f.n. 

aTtiiyayeVy ikafis dl xaltdlv &tgatfiyt5v SXlovs tb xal 
OtXoxXia Hfii^A^ihCiJLaviov, y d' rjpiiQa taijttc xatst^ 
yacato^ ikiiiilfs @s6ko^nov tdh/ MiXijfftov Xy6t^v ^l^ 
Jaxsdatiiovd a%ayysXovvta ta yjpyoi>6ta , Sfe rfytxo- 

31 insvog tQitccTog aitr^^siXs. likta dh tairi^ Ai^irtcvdgog 
a^QoOsag tovg 6vyLiiA%6vg ixiXsv0s fiovXsvs6Qtci kspl 
tSv alxfiaXcitav. ivtavd^tc *J xanjyopCav fyfj^vovto 
koXXal tSv *A$^vatmVy & k:s '^Jiy itetQgi/svojiijxscav 
xal S^itlrtj^cd(jcii/6v r^ixv^cstVy sl XQatiJ6sucv tg vav^ 
pi>a%ta , trjv dsli&v %^a cat6x6k^Si;V "i&v imyQti^iiftmy 
itairi^i/^ ical Sti Xa^6ih:sg Wo tQi^QSvg^ KoQiv^tav 
xal^JiiriptaVj ^ovg^avdQdgiJ^ avt&v xdvtag TeatctkQij^ 
[ivtdsiav' 0iX6xXiig •*' ijt/ '^itpttTriyog ttSv 'A^vatmvy 

32 o^ toiSto^vg dii^^svQSv. iXiysto dh xal aXXanoXXd^ xal 
idoisv ddoxtstvai tfSv at%iiaXcStmv S&oi ^av *Adij- 
vtitoi 7tl^f^*jidst[idvtov^ Stv (lovbg ixsXdfisto iv i^y ix- 
xXf^Cd tov nsQl T^g dxotoitf^g ^iSv )cBiQ(8v i^q>^c^ 
tog* "Qtaxdi] fliVtoL v%6 tivtov nQoSovvca tdg vavg. 
Av6ai>8Qog Sh "^iXoxXia nQ&tdv iQCitij6btg^ Sg tovg 
*AvdQtovg ical KdQtvd^tovg itSt^^p^iSss, 'ti s^ aliog 
ndi^ttif dQ&tpt^6g eig '^Xijvtxg "noQdh^ifiisfu, dni^ 
6}po^hf. 

U. ^n^ Sk td tv t^ Adliiiffdkp ^dts6tij(fato y inXsi 
fnl Ito Bb&lmov 'Hdl mXt^i6i;a. ot8" dirt^ ^s8i^ 
%6viOy toi}g t&V^Ad^ffvatdyv ipQovQovg vn66n6v8ovg 
dip^^g. ot Vh ^Q686visg *AXxipLd8ji io Bv%dvtio% 
ioisfllvitpv^vslg xi>v tl6i>t6Vy v^sq&i/S' slg^Ad^' 
ivdg xVcl'^i)>dVto ^J^hjvatov. A66dv8Q6g «I tovg "ts 
ifiQdvpovg icSH/ ^Ad^rftidtiov xalst ttOd itov SXXov Moi 
^j^^vaXovy d3iiks(iytsvtigt&g)?id^va^^ St86ifg ix^s 
[i6v6v'nXiov6tv d6q>dXsucv^ aXXo6s S^^o^, 'itScohg Sti 
S^pavnXstovg 6vXXsym6iv stg^b a6ivKal ir6i/i7M- 



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LIB. II. GAP. II. 39 

^tuayd^attov t&v imti^dsiGyi/ SvSaiav iCBCd^ai, xata^ 
Xc%(ov d^ Bv^vtiov xal KaXxrjiovog SQ^Bvikaov ag- 
ptoot^v Aaxmvay avtog axojtXBV6ag sig Aa(iif<^7C0v tag 
vavQ insiS^svaisv* 

*Ev dhtcttg ^A^rffvaig r^ Ila^dXov aipuxoit,ivfig vv- 3 
xtog ikiysto 17 6v(iq)OQa^ xal oifAmyij ix toi; nsLQai- 
wg did t(3v ^axQcov tsi%&v slg afttv diipuv^ 6 StSQog 
tw hi^w naQayysXlayi/' Sift* ixsivtjg t^gvvxtogov' 
dslg ix&ifi/i^^^ ov (lovov tovg dTCohoXotag scsv&ovv- 
tsg^ dXkd scoXv fAaXXov hi avtol iavtovg^ nsi6s0%ai 
voyU^ovtsg ola inoiri^av MriXiwg ts AaxsdaijU)vi(ov 
dxoinovg ^mag^ XQwctj^avtsg ^oXiOQxioi^ xal ^latiat" 
iag xal £kiojvai6Vg xal ToQcyvaiovgxal Alyivr^tag xal 
aXXovgnoXXovgtciv*EXXi]V(ov. trj f vOtsQaiaixxXri-A. 
ifiav inoirfiav , iv ^ idoi,s tovg ts Xtfiivag dno%G)6ac 
xXrjv £v6 g xal td tai%ri svtQSTCi^siv xal (pvXaxdg ifpiOtd'- 
vaixaltaXXa Tcdvtaagsig noXtOQxiav 7caQa6xsvdisiV 
Trjv icoXlv, xal ovtov {isv tcsqI tavta ijtfov, 

AvaavdQog tf* ix tovEXXri^jcovtov vav6l SvaxoiSi'' 5 
aig d(pLx6fisvog slgAic^ov xats&xsvdcato tdg ts aXXag 
noXsLg iv avty xal MvtLXtjvrjv" slg di tdnl SQtixrig 
%(OQia i7CS(itlfS SixatQLiqQSLg s%ovta* EtsovLXOV^ ogtd 
dxst icdvza nQog AaxsSaLpLoviovg ^stidtriosv, svd^vg 6 
i\ xal rj aXXr] ^EXXdg dq>SL0ti^KSL ^A^rivaicov (istd f^v 
vav^a%Lav nXrjv 2a(iicjv ' ovtOL di 6(paydg t(DV yvio- 
Qificav noLTJaavtsg xatst%ov trjv noXiv. Av0avSQOg Sh 7 
^stdtavtains(jLrl;snQdg^Ayiv ts sigAsxiXsLavxal slg 
AaxsSai^iova otL nQO0nXst 6vv SLaxooiaLg vavai, Aa- 
xsSaLiiovLOi d' i^yaav navSrjfisixal oi ccXXol nsXonov" 
vi^aLOLnXrjv^AQysioVy naQayysiXavtpg rov stiQovAa- 
xsSaLyLOvicnv ^a(jLXsog IJavdaviov. insl S* anavtsgS 
il^Qoi6^ri(Sav^ dvaXafiav avtov g nQogtfiv nohv iatQa^ 



yGoogle 



40 LIB. U. CAP, IL 

tOTcidavasv iv vg ^ATiadfjiisia [rp TcaXov^ivtp yvfiva^ 
9 iSCp]. AvcavSqoq 8\ aq)i7i6(isvog slg Atyivav aTcidcoxs 
xijy noXiv Alyivr^taigy o6ovg idvvato ieXst6Tovg avtfSv 
ad^Qoieag^ (og ^ avtag xal MriXloig xal totg aXXoigo6o$ 
v^g avtcov i^tiQovto. (ista ih tovto dfi(66ag JSaXaiitva 
(OQfiieato JtQog tov nscQavd vavel nsvti^xovta wd sna- 
ToV, Ttal ta nkota slgys tov stcnXov. 

10 Ot & ^Adnjvatot nolioQX(njiisvoi xata y^v xal xata 
d^dXattav rJTCOQOvv tixQrl notstvy ovts vscSv ovts 6vnr- 
Ikdxanf avtotg oinr(Di/ oiks 6itov * ivofii^ov dh ovdsfiiav 
slvai 6(otfiQiav fi^ xa&stv a ov ti(ia)Qoviuvov ixot* 
rfiav aXXa did tr^v v§qiv rldixow avd-QciTCovg /ux^ 
TCoXitag ov8' inl iiiji altitf ktiQ(f rl oti ixsivotg ^vvs-- 

11 (idxovv. did taika tovg atifiovg imftiiMvg icoi,i^6avtsg 
ixaQtiQOWy xal ano%i^6x6vt(X}v iv t^ ndXsv X(^m 
noXXwv ov dtsXiyovto tcsqI diaXXay^g. insl 8h navts^ 
XcSg ^dij 6 6ttog insXsXoinsiy ins(iilfav nQi6^sig naQ* 
^Ayi4fyfiovX6(Uvoi6vfiiiaxoi slvavAaxs8ai(iiovioLg ixov- 
tsg td tsixfi xaL tovUstQaidy xalinltovtotg6w&ij- 

lixag noist^d^aL 6 81 avtovg sig Aaxs8aifiova ixiXsvsv 
Uvav' ov ydQ slvai xvQvog avtog, inslS' dnijyysvXav 
oi nQi6fisig tavta totg ^AQ^tfvaioig^ insfvifav avtovg 

13 sig AaxsSaifvova.' ot 8' insl i^6av iv £sXXa6icf [nXrj-- 
6iov] fqg AaxcDvixijg xal invd^ovto ot i(poQoc avt(Sv a 
iXsyoVy ovtaoldnsQxalnQog^AyiVy avtoQ^sv avtovg 
ixiXsvov dnUvai y xalstti 8iovtav siQijvrigj xaXXvov 

14 rixsvv povXsv6aivivovg. ot 81 nQi^fisig insl ^xov olt- 
xa8s xal dni^yysvXav tavta slg triv n6Xiv^ dd^vfiia ivi» 
ns6s nd6vv' (povto ydQ dv8Qano8i6pri6s6%^av^ xal 
sci)qdvnsunai6ivstiQovgnQi6fisvg^ noXXovg tp Xtiip 

15 anoXsL^d^ai. nsQt 8h tSv tsvxfop tijg xad^acQs^scog ov- 
islgifiovXsto ov^fiovXsvstv 'AQxi6tQarog yaQ sinmv 



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L 1 B. II. C A P. II. 41 

iv t^ fiovXy AttXsdaLfwvioig HQdti6tov slvai iq>\ olg 
itQovaaXovvto bIq^vtiv itovstffd^aiy ida^' fcgovwxr' 
Xovvto Sh tmv ii^axQcav tsixmv inl dixa dtadlovq na^-s^ 
XbPv ixati(fov' iyivsto dl t[njq>i6iia fi^ il^stvai nsQl 
tovtokv 6vikfiovKsvsiv, toiovtayv 8\ ovtiov 0fi(fafLivfjg 16 
ilitBV iv htnl^rfiia ore sl fiovXovtav avtov ni^ifav naQa 
Av6avdQ0Vy sld6g i^ist Aaxs8ai>(ioviovg notSQOv i^av^ 
dQastoSioa^d^at tr^v n6Xvv fiovXd^isvot avtixov6v xsqI 
t&v tSL%(ov 71 nictsmg Svsna. nsiifp^^slg 81 8vitQc§s 
naQa Av0av8Qp tQstg (iTJvag xal xXiov^ iTatt^QiSv 
ozots ^A%^vatOf, ifisXXov 8ia to imXsXovnivav tov Ct- 
€ov ajcavta o^ti ttg Xiyoi oiioXoyii^svv, ifcsl 8% ^xs ts^ 17 
taQtp (iriviy dnriyysiXsv iv ixxXri^Uf otv avtov Av^ 
6av8Qog tscog (ih/ xatixovy slta xsXsvol sigAaxsSai- 
HLOva iivac ' ov yaQ slvai TtVQiog Sv iQon^to vii avtovy 
akXa tovg iq^oQOvg. (ista taika ^Qi^ nQs^fisvt^g sig 
Aaxs8aifiova avtoxQatcoQ 8ixatog avtog. Av6av8Qog 18 
8\ totg iq>6Q0vg iycs^iffsv dyysXovvta (ist' aXX&v Aaxs-- 
8aiiu)viaw 'AQUftotiXrj , (pvya8a*A%rivatov ovta^ ot^ 
axoxQivavto ®riQa(iivsL ixsivovg xvQiovg slvav siQiqvrig 
xal noXi(MV. ^Qu^Uvrig 81 xal ot aXXoc XQi6fiscg insl 19 
q<Tai/ iv jSsXXaehf , iQ(xnci(isvov 81 ini tivv Xoyp ^xovsv 
shcov otv avtoxQatoQsg tcsqI slQipn}g^ (ista tavta ov 
lg)OQOv xaXstv ixiXsvov avtovg, iicsl 8' ,17x01/, ix- 
xXfi6iav i7Coiti6aVy iv y dvtiXsyov KoQiv&vov xal 
Sflfiatov (idXveta^ tcoXXoI 8h xal aXXov tdov ^EXXij" 
vmvy iivri6niv8s6%av^A%7ivaiovgy dXX' i^avQStv. Aa-iO 
xs8av(i6vvov 8h ovx iq>a6av n6Xvv'EXXrivi8a dv^QOUCo^ 
8vstv (liya aya^ov slQya^fiivrjv iv totg (isyi6tovg xvv^ 
Svvovg ysvo(ivivovg ty^EXXd8vy dXX' inovovvto slQt(vriv 
ifp* ^ zd ts (laxQa tsixij xal tov nsvQavd xad-sX6vtag 
xal tdg vavg nXriv 8oi8sxa naQa86vtag xal tovg q>vyd^ 



yGoogle 



42 L I B. 11. C A P. II. lil. 

8ag xad^dvtas tov avtiv i^QOv nal qdlov vofii^ovtag 
Aanedamovtov$ Bns^^ai wil nata yi\v ical iUttit dtilcct- 

21 tav o^tm Sv i^y&vtai. &iiQafiivijg dh i^(d tt ffiv oAndS 
TtQie^vg ittaviq^SQov tavxa elg tag ^A^Vag, ^v6v^ 
tag d' amovg ^^g fCBQfu%fih:o nokvg^ ip0fi6i)p^voi fi^ 
axQaHtoi^oiev' ovy&Qitt ivBXiOQH (iiXXstv 8lA ro 

22 ytlfj^g t&v axoXlVfiivmv tm XifL^. t^ dh vtftSQata 
ajt^yyelXov ot nQitffing ifp' otg ot Aax€8at>(i6vvov arot- 
otmo t^v slQifUifV' itQOT/ff^Qev dh avtiop (BhfiQafiivrig^ 
Xiymv mg XQV ^std^eif^ai Aaxedabftovt^tg xtA ta tetxij 
TtBQiatQetv. dvteiieovtmv 8e tMov adt^^ mXv 8h 
nlev6vviV6vvenaweedvtai¥^ iS^I^ Sixe^i^at t^v eiQi]- 

23 V1JV. f&^a di ta^^ta A^avSQog t^ xwtinXei etg tov 
IletQaia xal ot ^vyd8eg xat^ffav xcA tet teix*l itaz^ 
iexantov vn* aiifitQl8mv noXX^ff nQodvftta, v6ftt* 
tovtsg inetv^v t^v '^fkiQav tji 'EXXddi, &q%hv tijg iXe^a- 
^eQiag. 

24 [,Kal 6 ivtavtog iXfiyev^ iv fil fte^tnwtt AtovSotOL, 
6 'EQftoXQdtovg ^Qax66tog hvQdvv^6e^ ftdxtl 1^^^ 
ftQ^t^ov ^tfid^&n/ 4^6 2krQctico&tai» KaQXtiSdPitSvj 
endvet 8i etfov iXovttxh^ 'AxQdytp^ta^ ixXtndPtOiV ttSv 
ZtxeXtoftAv t^v n6Xtv.'] 

ffl. T^ 8' intovtt itH \^ 'qi^^OXVfLittdg^ ij to atddtov 
404*. ivtxa KQoxtvag 0ettaX6gy 'Ev8tov iv UndQfjj iqroQev^ 
otnog 5 tlv9v8(6QOV 8' iv ^Adijvatg aQXow&g , oV *Ad^- 
vatotj StiivoXi/yaQxiayQi^fjy ovx owpdSovetv^ dXXL 
dvaQxtav ti^ ivtavtov xaXiH^w. iyh/eto Si avtri ij 
2 dXtyaQxt^ <^«.] iSol^e t^ jtfifft» tQtdxovta SvdQag iXs- 
od-ai, or tovg natQtovg v6ftovg 0vyyQdit>ovtib^ xa^' 
otfe mfXttiiid0Vdt. xtd g^^B^av (X8e^ IIoXvxdQfjgj 
Kptttag^ MfiX6fia)g^ lnn6Xo%oSy SixXetSfig^ ^iQtoVj 
Mpfi0t^X9Si XQifiov, SfiQapivfigy ^AQeeiag^ z/to- 



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LIB. n. CAP. III. 43 

^^VSy ^cciSQiaS) XaiQilsog, ^AvaixLog^ JlBt^cDv, JJb* 
q)oxk^g^ *EQaro6d'BV7]gj XaQinX^g^ 'Ovofttcxlijg^ 0io- 
yvig^ AicfxCvrig^ @eoyivfig^ KXsofii^Srig^ 'EQaaCfStQaTog^ 
^€lSg)v, AQaxovxiSris^ Ed^dd^tjg^ ^AQLiSrotikrig^ 7?r- 
3ro/i«%og, MvriOLd^siSrig, tovrtov Sl nQax^ivtav dni-$ 
nXsL AviSavSQog TCQog Ed\iov^AyLg S* ix f^g AsxsXsiag 
dnayaymf to nsiot^ CtQdtsviia SLiXvds xard noXsig 
ixdarovg. 

[Katd Sl ToiJroi/ tov xaLQov nsQl fjXiov ixXsifLvi 
Avx6(pQ(ov 6 OsQalog^ PovX6(isvogaQ^aLoX7jgtrjg@st- 
xaXiag^ tovg ivavtLOV(iivovg airS ttSv ^sttaXSv^ Aec" 
QKSaiovg ts xal dXXovgj iidxxi ivLXrjffs xal noXXovg 
dnixrsLvsv, 

^Ev S^ ra avrtp XQ^'^? ^"^ ALOvv6Log & ZvQaxo-b 
iSiog rvQavvog (idxij rjrrrjd^slg vnoKaQxriShviciv ViXav 
xal KafidQLvav dnwXsiSs, fist oXiyov S\ xal Asovtt- 
VOL HvQaxoaloig CvvoLXOvvrsg dni6trj6av slg trjv av- 
xciv n6XLv dno ALOvv6iov xal 2JvQaxo6iG>v. naQU- 
XQ^a Sl xal o[£vQax66LOL tnnstg vno AL0w6iov slg 
Katdvrjv dns6tdXri6av.] 

Ot S\ £d(U0L noXLOQXov(isvoL vno Av6dvSQ0v6 
^dvtjjy inslov povXo(iivtov avtm/ to nQ^tov 6(ioXo- 
yslv XQoapdXXsLv rjSij l(isXXsv 6 AvcavSQog, c5/ioAo'- 
y7j6av dv t[idtLOv ix^ sxa6tog dniivaL tm/ iXsvd^i- 
ffiov^ td S* aXXa naQaSovvoL ' xal ovtog i^riXd^ov. Av- 7 
iSavi^ogShtotgaQxaLOLg noXiraLg napaSovg t^v n&XLv 
9cal td iv6vta ndvta xal Sixa aQxovxag xara6rrJ0ag 
ipQOVQStv d(piixs ro rcSr 6vp,(idx(ov vavtLxov xatd n6^ 
XsLg^ tatg Sl Aaxcn/ixatg vavclv dninXsv0sv sig Aa- 8 
xsSaCykOva^ dndyav tdts tcivalx(iaXcita}vvscivdxQ(x)'' 
xijQLa xai tdg ix IIsiQai^mg tQLijQSLg nXr^v SciSsxa 
xal 0ts(pdvovg^ ovgnaQatmv n6Xsa>v iXdfifiavs SciQ€t 



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44 LIB. U. CAP. 111. 

tdicf^ xal txQyvQiov zstQaxoCca xal ifidoiiTJxovta ra- 
Xavta^ a stBQuyivovto t(Sv q>6Q(Qv^ ovg avt£ Kvqos: 
TCaQidsi^sv elg %6v TtoXsyimf^ xccl st tv aXlo ixtij^ 
9 6ato iv tm xoXifiG). tavta 81 ndvta AaxBdaiiiovloig 
aTciSmxB tslavt&vtog tov d^iQovg, [slg o i^dfifjvog 
xal oxtm xal alxofStv itri t^ mlifiG) itsXsvta^ iv olg 
i(poQOv ot aQvd^fiovfisvoL ovds iyivovto^ Aivrj^tag 7tQ<D - 
tog^ itp ov iJQl^ato 6 noXsfiog^ ni^ntco xal Ssxdtc» itsi 
t&v fist Evfiolag dX(o6iv tQiaxovtastldtQv 6%ovS(Sv^ 

10 fnstd Ss toikov oiSs^ BQatStSag^ 'l6dv(0Q^ HcnotQatiSag^ 
^^aQXog^^Ayri^liStQatog^ 'AyysvtSag^^OvoiiaxX^^g^ Zsvl^- 
iicnog^ Ilixvag^ IlXsuStoXag^ KXsvvofiaxog^^IXaQxogy 
Ai(ov, XaiQiXag^ IlatTi^idSag^ KXsoiSd^ivfjg y AvxdQiog^ 
^EicriQatog^ 'Ovoiidvtvog ^^AXs^mniSag , MvayoXatSagy 
^laiag^ "AQaxog^ EvdQXVTCTtog, IlavtaxXrlg^ Ilvtvag^ ^Aq- 
XVtag/'EvSvog^ iq) ov AvaavSQog Tcpd^ag td slQrjiiiva 
otxaSs xatiicXsvasv.'] 

11 Ot S)- tQidxovta ^Qidr]6av fisv ijtsl tdx^Cta tc^ 
[laxQa tsixrj xal td tcsqI tov IlsLQacd xa%i[iQi%^ri' aiQS- 
%ivtsg Sh i(p alts (SvyyQd^ai vofiovg^ xa^ ov6tivag 
7CoXctsv6otvto^ tovtovg [ihv dsl iiisXXov 6vyyQd(psvv xs 
xal aTCoSsvxvvvaVy povX^^v Ss xaltdg aXXccg aQxdg xat- 

12 iiStr]6av dtg iSoxsv avtotg. ijcsvta tcqcqtov fisv ovg 
Tcdvtsg rjSs6av iv trj Sr^^ioxQatia aTCo avxo<pavtiag 
^wvtag xal totg xaXotg xdyad^otg fiaQsig ovtag^ CvX- 
Xainfidvovtsg vn^yov ^avdtov ' xal ^ ts /SovAi) '^Sia^g 
avtcjv xatSTfjrj^pi^sto ot ts dXXov o6ov 0vvySs6av iav- 

13 'cotg ftij ovtsg tovovtov ovSsv rjx^ovto. iTCsl Sh iJQl^avto 
PovXsvsiSd-av oTCCDg av il^sirj avtotg tfj tcoXsv xQ^^^^c 
OTCcag fiovXovvto, ix tovtov TCQ&tov fihv Tcifiipavtsg slg 
AaxsSai^ova Ai(Sxivriv ts xal 'AQViStotiXrj ijcsvaav 
AvoavSQOv g)QOVQovg 6(pi0v (SviinQd^av iX^stv^ scag Sj^ 



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LIB. II. CAP. m. 45 

rovg ^ovriQovg ixjtoSdv xoLtiadiiBvoL xuta6tii6aivto 
trjv noXitsCav • Q^Qi^etv Sh avxol imusxvovvto. 6 S\ 14 
nBL6%elg tovg ts g>Q0VQ0vg xal KaXXi^iov aQfi06tf^ 
4fw6nQal£v avtotg 7tsiiq)d^vaL, ot ^ insl tijv q)QOVQav 
iXafioVj tov fihv KaXXtfiiov i&SQaxsvov na^xi ^sQansiif^ 
iig ndvta inaivoifi a TCQattoisv^ tcSv dh g>Q0VQ(5v rov- 
tov aunnifiTCovtog avtotg ovg ipovXovto^swsXdfipa- 
vov ovxiti tovg novriQOvg ts xal oXfyov diiovg , aXX 
fldri ovg ivoniiov ^xLOta fisv TCaQad^ovfiivovg dvixs" 
ijd^at^ dvtvxQdttsiv di ti inL%siQoihtag nXsUstovg dv 
tovg tfuvs^iXovtag Xafifidvsiv. tp fihv ovv nQcitp 15 
XQovm 6 KQLtCag tp €hjQa(iivsv ofioyvdfnxyi/ xs xal q^C- 
Xog Tiv * insl Sh avtog [ihv nQonst^^g ijv ini to noXXovg 
dnoxtsCvsLv, ats xal q>vymv vno tov Sfj^ioVy 6 Sh ©ij- 
Qafisvrig dvtixontSyXsycav ott ovx slxogsCifi ^avatovv^ 
^ttLg itiiiato vndtov Si^fMVy tovg Sh xaXovg xaya- 
d^ovg ^fjShv xaxov slQydtsto, insl xal iyci, Igpiy, xal 6tf 
noXXu Sfi tov dQicxsLv svsxa t^ noXsi xai sHnofLSv xaL 
inQdJ^afisv * 6 Siy itt yaQ olxsCag ixQfjto t& QfjQaiiivsi^ iq 
dvtsXsysv otL ovx iyxcoQoCfj totg nXsovsxtstv fiovXo^ 
iiivoLg /i^ ovx ixnoSm» noLsta^ai tovg Ixavandtovg 
SLaxmXvsLv ' sl Si^ otv tQLaxovtd itffisv xai ovx slg^ i]t^ 
tovtL otsL S6nsQ tVQavvCSog tavtfjg tijg dQx^^g x^t^'^^^ 
dntfisXst&d^aLj svfjdTig sl. insi 8h dnodi/fi^xovtayi/ noX^ 17 
XSv xai dSCxfDg noXXoi SHXol "^CavOvvL^tdiisvoCts xckI 
^avfid^ovtsgxl idOLto fi noXLtsCa^ ndXtv iXsysv 6 0r^ 
QUfiivfig otL sl fi/fj tLg xoLVcavovg Ixavovg XfjtffOLto t(Sv 
nQayfidtCDv ^ dSvvatov icoLto rifv oXi/yaQxCav SLa^Li^ 
vsLV, ix tovtov [livtOL KQLtCag xai ot dXXoL tQLdxov- 18 
ra, fjSri g)opovfisvoL xai ovx fjxtata tov @fiQcciiivfij 
[tfj ffvQQvsCfjaav nQog avtov oC noXttai^ xataXiyovffL 
tpt^xtXCovg tovg (is&il^otrcag S^ t&v nQayfidtcav. 6 S* 19 



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46 LIB. II. CAP. 111. 

av @ifiQa(iivris xal TtQog taika iXeysv ovl atonov do- 
KOi^ iavttp ye elvai, to jtQdnov fisv fiovkofiivovq tov^ 
fiiXti0tovg tAv %oXitmv xoivmvovg 7cotr^0a0^ai tQKf- 
xMovSy &MBQ tovaQi^^ov tovtov S%ovta tvva avdy- 
xijv xahovq Tcaya^ovg slvatj xal oiit ^gco tovttou 
6MovdcUovs ovt ivtog tovtmv xovijQovg olov te sHi} 
yaviad-ai' ^naixa S^fi^^ oqS iymys 6vo rj^ag ta ivav- 
tmtata nQattovtag^ fitalav ts f^v aQx^^v xal T^ttova 
2l0tcivaQXOii,ivG^vxatM^sva^fiivovg. 6 fikv tavt iXs- 
ysv. oC d' i^itaaiv jcotij^avtsg tcSv [ihv tQt0%jLkC(QV iv 
t^ dyoQqi^ t(av S' i^ci) tov xataXoyov aXlcDv dXXaxoVy 
STtstta 7tsXsv0avtsg inl td oxXay iv ^ ixstvotdnsXriXv- 
^swv Ttiftilfavtsg tovg q)QOVQovg xal tmv TCoXttmv 
tovg Ofioyvdiiovag avtotg td oTcXa ndvtmv nX^v rcJ* 
tQtax^^^^A^ TcaQsCXovtOy zal dva^ofU^avtsg tavta slg 

21 triv dxQomoXtv awidijxav iv tp vap. tov^cnv 8% ysvo- 
(iivciyv^ dg siov ijSij zotstv avtotg o^tt fiovXQtvto , jtoX- 
Xovg (ihv ix^Q^S svsxa dxmtstvov^ TCoXXovg 8e XQVi^^" 
tcnv. i8o%s 8' avtotg^ onmg l;^ot«i/ toig (pQOVQotg 
XQ^ftata 8t86vaty xal t(Sv fistoCxcav ava axaatov Xa- 
fistv^ xal avtovg lisv duoxtatvat^ td 8a %()if fA«ra avt(dv 

22 dno^ri^rivaed-at. ixiXsvov 81 xal tov GrjQaiiivri Xa^ 
fistv ovttva fiovXotto. 6 8' dicsxQCvato , ^AXX ov 8oxst 
fioty i(priy xaXbv slvat (pd0xovtag fiaXtC6tovg alvat d8ir- 
xdrsQa tcSv 0vxo(pavt(Sv notatv. ixatvot ^av yaQ %a^ 
(Sv XQW^^^ Xaiifidvotsv iriv atcot , '^fistg 8h dnoxts-- 
vov(isv (irj8hv dStxovvtag^ tva xQW^^ca Xanpdvca^iav 

2SJC(Sg ov tavta r§5 jcavtl ixaCvcov dStxcStSQa; o[8* spr- 
no8cjv voiiC^ovtag avtov alvat tdi Tcotatv o^tt jSov- 
Xoi/vtOy i7CtfiovXavov6tv avt^j xal l8Ca %Qog tovg 
fiovXavtdg aXXog TCQog dXXov 8ti§aXXov 6g Xv(iatv6- 
(isvov tr^ TCoXttsCav. xal TCaQayysCXavtsg vsavC^ 



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LIB. U. CAP. lll. 47 

OKOi^ ot idoxow ctvtotg ^Qa6vtatot elvai ^Lq){dia 
v%o i^dJi,^$ l%ovt9^g naQay^iad^ai^avviXBiav f^v jSov- 
kiiv. iml $} h 0ti9ayLiv7ig naQ^v, avaCtag o KQi,tlag 24 

^Si* SvSQ^g fiiOvXevtai^ ei fniv tig v^fSv vofiiiei xXsio- 
vas tov Tf^^tQov diCod^vijaxsjkVp ivvoriadtm oti onov no- 
htstac (is^iatavtat navtaxQV tavta yiyvstat' nXsi- 
^ovg dh dvdyxfj ivd^d^s noXsiifovg slvai totg slg oXir- 
yccQxiav ^s^kOtdOi^ did ts to TCoXpixv^Q^notdtriv tcSv 
^EXkrivL$<ov 'prjivnoXiv slvai xal did to nXstiStov %q6vov 
iv iXsvd^Qla %ov diifAOv ts&Qd^pd^ai, '^stg d^ yvovtsg 25 
usv totg Qtoig riiitv ts xal VflkXv %aXs7Criv noXttsiav slvai 
druioxQaziaVj yvovtsg Ss otv AaxsSaiiiovioig totg 3r«- 
Qi6m6a0iv rj^dg 6 ^hv S^iiog ovnot dv g>iXog yivoito, 
of (Ji piXtiOtoi dsl dv ni0tol dvatsXotsVy Sid tavta 6vv 
rg 4fxx^f^t^ovi<x)v yvoifiy trjvSs t^^v ^oXvtsiav xad^i- 
6ta($sv. xal idv tiva alcd^avdnsd^a ivavtiov ty o At- 26 
yaQXiif^ QGov dvvdiisd^a ixnoSdv noioviisd^a • noXv Sh 
lidXi0ta Soxst ^fitv Sixauov slvai^ st tig rnkiSv avtiSv 
Xvfiaivstai tavty tfj xatu6td0siy Sixrjv avtov SiSovat. 
vvv ovv alo^avofis^a ®riQa(iivrj tovtovl olg Svvatai 27 
inoXXvvxa '^fidg ts xfxl viidg. otg Sl tavta dXrjd^j 
^v xatavo^ts^ svQijasts ovts ifiyovta ovSiva fidXXov 
BriQayiivovg tovtovl td naQovta ovts ivavtiovinsvov^ 
orai/rw« ixnoSAv fiovXdiis^a noiijaaod^ac tmv Srnia" 
ymyiSv, sliiiv toivvv i| dQ%iig tavta iyiyvcnaxs , no- 
XifiLog (JLSV ijz/, ov js^ivtOL novriQog y dv Sixaiog ivo- 
iiitsto ' vvv S\ avrog ^ihv aQl^g trjg nQog AaxsSai^o- 28 
viovg ntatS(og xal q^tXiagj avtog Sh trjg tov Sij^ov xa- 
taXvas€9S9 (idXiata Sh il^OQiniaag vfidg totg nQokoLg 
vnayoiiivotg sig v^idg Sixrjv intti^ivai^ vvv insl xal 
vinstg xal riiistg g>avsQ(Sg i^d^Qol rp Srj(ip ysysvrj(isd^aj 



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48 L l B. II. C A P. III. 

ovxit avt(p ta ytyvoiieva aQiaSKSi^ oxtog avtog (iiv av 
iv t(S a6g>aXst xataCtfi^ ^^stg dh dixfjv dmyLSV tcSv 

29 TCSTCQayfisvfov. Sots ov fiovov dg ix^QP avtp TCQoaij- 
xsi dXXa xal (&g TCQodotfj v^cdv ts xtd ^fimv dtdovai 
triv dixijv. xaCtov to6ovtm (isv dsivotsQOV XQodoifia 
TCoXifiov^ oap xaXsndtSQOvipvXdlaad-aL to atpavsg tov 
q)avsQOVj to0O7jtp d' ix^tov^ o6m TColsfiCoig nhv av- 
d^QfoitOL xal 0Tcivdovtai xal av^ig 7ei6tol yiyvoinat, ov 
d' av TCQodidovta Xaiifidv<D6i^ tovta> ovts i^nsiaaxo 

30 ^(OTCots ovdslg ovr* i7cC6tsv6s tov Xoltcov. tva dh si- 
d^qts otL ov xavvd tavta ovtog novsX^ dkXd (pv6st tcqo^ 
dotTjg i6tCvy dvafLV^6(o v(iag td tovto) xsTCQayfjtiva. 
ovtog yaQ ii dQx^^g fJ^^v tifidfisvog vtco tov dijfiov xa- 
td tov 7CatiQa^Ayv(ava ^ TCQOJCsti^tcctog iyivsto r^y 
dfifioxQatCav fistaaf^^Jai sig tovg tstQaxoaCovg^ xcH 
ijCQcnsvsv iv ixsCvoig, insl 8' y^^sto dvtCnaX6v tt tji 
6XiyaQxCa6vvi6td(isvov, 7CQ(otog avr^ysnimv tmdijfip 

31 ijc' ixsivovg iyivsto' od^sv di^nov xal xod^OQVog 
imxaXsttai' xal ydQ 6 xo^OQvog aQfiottstv [ihv totg 
nofflv d(iq)OtiQOtg doxst^ dnopXiTCst dh dn dft(potiQ(ov. 
dst di, (o ®riQd(isvsg^ SvdQa roi/ a^tov t^^v ov nQoa- 
ystv (jbkv dstvbv slvat sig nQay^axa tovg avvovtag^ ijv 
ditt dvtLXontjj^ sv^vg [istapdXXs^d^at^ dXX^ &(SnsQ iv 
vijl dtanovstiS^aty s(og av sig ovqov xataotcScLV * si dh 
firj^ n(og av d(pixotvt6 nots iv^a dsty si insLddv tL dv^ 

SitLXoifjj^ svd"vg sig tdvavtia nXioLSv; xal sialfikvdi^nov 
naeaL (nsta^oXal noXLtSL(ov ^avaxri^poQOL^ dv dl d^d 
ro svfistdpoXog sIvul nXsietotg (tiv (istaitLog sl il^oXir' 
yaQxiag vno tov di](iov dnoX(oXivaL^ nXsi^totg d' ix 
8ri(ioxQcctiag vno t(ov fisXtLOvcov. ovtog di toi i0ttv 
og taxd^slg dvsXiad^aL vno t(ov (JtQatriy(ov t(yvg xcnra- 
dvvtag 'A^vaicDv iv f^ nsQl Ai(S^ov vav(taxi(f av- 



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LIB. n. CAP. nL 48 

f 09 ovx av€Xd(ASvog ofim$ viSv etQutfiyiov xmifyoQcSv 
i%&cvfMfsv avtovQj Zva avtog nsffufcDd^siri, ^^^ f^3S 
|M}y ^aps^S ictt TOt; ^ s^ovsms^ asl iiUfts^ptB^ 
voSi fov S^ nwlov xal xmv fpCXatv (iijdhv ivtQBTCop^sHH^gj 
mSg tovtov X(fii ^ots ^siaaadai; nm^ ifhov^li^a' 
0^aty sifiptag avtov ta^ fLstafioXdg, iig ft^ xal iqfidg 
taito dwa0^ mt^oai; ^(istg oiv to&tov ^ayoftsv 
Hol C9g hctfiovXsvovta xsA Ag nQo9iS6vta iipk&g ts xal 
v^g* ^aig d' slxota «otovfMi/, xal tdS' iw&ij^ats. 
nttXXi(9t!q (khv yuQ dijnov doxst noXnsia shahri jiaxs-34 
Haiiiovifw si dl ixst ini%si(frfisii tig Tofr kp6^v 
ivti rov totg nXsio^i. nsid^s^^ai itiysiv tsti^v^Qxl^ 
xal ivavtiov0%av totg nQattO(iivoigj ovx av otstf^s 
avtov xal V!^ mnmv tav kpoQW xai vico r^ &XXatg 
aad^f^ xoXsifig t^g (kSfiatiig tiftoHfiag dl^iai^^vai ; xmt 
vftstg ow, iav 0(i9q^vijtBj ov tovtov dx£ vfkiSv oA^ 
tiSv ipsi^^h ^ ovtog 0w^lg fth« ^«^d^ oi¥ (^ya 
q>Q0vstv no*trfists ttSf ivavtia yvyywaimnmv ^|My, 
aMXo^Svog Sh ndvtwv xaL vmv iv t^ noXst x»l tSv 
S^ vnotiftoi av tdg iXTtiiag. 

'O fkkv tavt' sixwv ixcsd^it^o ' ^v^^affiiinig ik ^mh 35 
ntag iXdisv/AXXd nQmwv ftkv (ivtia^iieofm^ nS Svipsgj 
o tsXmrtaXov xat iftod dns. 91^ ydQ fLS tovg otQOtff^ 
yovg dnontsp^aif xatfpyoQOvvtm. iyA 9h 4)vx ^X^v ^if^ 
nov xtst ixsivmv XoyoVj dX£ ix^fitroA iq>aa4xv nQoatih' 
X^iv fiM i^ iavtmvovK dvsXic^aLtovg dvtrtvxovvtag 
iv ty nsQlAi^fiov vavfka%ia. ifym 8h dnoXoyovfiSVOg 
tog iw T01/ %si4uiva oidh nXstVj fii} ort dvmQst0^a$ 
tovg avdQag dvvatov ^, iSo^a vg noXsi slxota Xi* 
ysw^ixstvpi8* iavtmvxatffifOQ^itpaivovto. fpd^xov^ 
%sg yuQ oUv ts dviu 0n0ai toifg avdifmgj nQoifbsvoi 
Xenopli. Hift* Gr. 4 



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50 LIB. U. CAP. m. 

MaxoXi6^4u avtovg daoxXsovtsg pxovto. ov (livtiH 
^ecviuiim ys ro KqixCov naQccvsvofifixivai' ots yaif 
tavta v^v^ ov %aqayv hvyxavsv, akX iv BsttaXOf yLSta 
nQoiiijd^sejg dfjiioxQatiav xavs6xsvais xai tovg nsvi^ 

S7 6tag Snkiisv istl tovg ds6%6tag. Sv (ihv ovv ovtog 
ixst ijCQatts yinqdsv ivd^dds yivoito' tdds ys ftivtoi^ 
ofioXoya iyd tovtp^ st rtg vp,ag (ilv f^g aQxfig fiovXs» 
tai ycavaaiy tovg d* ixipovXsvovtag viitv laxvQOV^ 
nouty dCxavov slval tijg iieyCotijg avtov tigimQlag tvy^ 
Xdvsw ' o6tLg (livtoi 6 tavta scQdttmv iiftlv olftai av 
vfidg xdXXt6ta xQivsiv^ td ts xsxQay^iiva xal & vvv 

SS^Qdttsc Sxaotog ^iimv sl xatavo^osts. ovxovv (lixQ^ 
filv tov viiag ts xaxa^fqvaL sig tfjfv fiovXstav xal aQ^ 
xdg d%oSscx^fj;vai xal tovg oiioXoyovftivovg cvxoipdv- 
tag v%dys6^ac icdvtsg tavtd fyiyvm6xop,sv' insl di ys 
ovtoc ijQl^avto avdQag xakovg ts xdya%ovg ^vXXaiifid- 
vsiVj ix toitov xdym i)^|afti;y tavavtCa toiStoig ytr- 

30 yvm6xscv. ^dsw yuQ otv dnodv^6xovtog fthv Aiovtog 
tov 2]aXa(icvtoVj dvdgog xal ovtog xal doxovvtog Ixa^ 
vov slvaiy ddtxovvtog d^ ovdh Sv^ ot Ofiococ tovtp ^o^ 
fiii^oivtOy q>ofiov[isvoL Si ivavtioc tyds t^ noXctsitf 
i6ocvto ' iyiyva^xov dh oti6vXXap,fiavo^ivovNixijQd'' 
tov tov Nixiovj xal 3cXov6iov xal ovdhv nmicots dijfM)- 
tiaiov ovts avtov ovtstov natQog xQdliuvtog^ ottovtfx 

40 Ofkotot dv6(isvstg rjiitv ysviJ60Lvto. dXXd fi^^v xaVAv- 
ttq)mvtog vg> riiimv dnoXXv^ivov^ og iv tp noXifim 
Svo tQiriQsig sv nXsov6agnaQsixstOyfim6tdfiriv ort xal 
ot TCQodvfioc rg noXsc ysysvtjfiivoc ndvtsg vn6ntmg^ 
^lUv s^ocsv. dvtstnov Sh xal ots tmv iistoixmv Sva 
Sxa6tov Xafistv iq>a6av XQ^vac * svSfjXov yuQ '^v ou 
tovtmv dnoXo^ivmv xal oiiiitocxoc anavtsg noXifuot 

41 rg noXitsia i6otvto. dvtstnov Si xal ors td onXa tov 



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LiB. n. CAP. in. 51 

^Xij^ovg xatygQovvto, {y6 vofitii<DV x(^€u da^ev^ ti^ 
-KoXiv zoietv oddi yag tovg Aa%sSaiykovCovg icSgmv 
tovtov ivsxa fiovXoiiivovg %BQi0maaLiiyL6g^ onag dXi^ 
yoi yevdiitsvot yLriSkv SwaC^sd'^ avtovg aq>6XsPu' S^v 
fUQ avtotg, el tovtov y$ diovvto^ xal ym^diva Xinstv 
6Xiyov hi XQ^^"^ '^^ ^^ft^ 'JcU^avtag. oidiyeto ^qov-- 49 
Qovg (ii6^ova^ai6wiiQS6xi (lOL, i^ov avtmvtmv noXir- 
ttov to6ovtovg XQ06Xa(iPavstv^ la^ ^adCmg iftiXXo^kSv 
ot aQxovtsg tcSv UQxonivafv XQanq66iv, htst ys fi^ 
aoXXovg imQmv iv tg jtoXsi ty aQxy tyds dv6p,svsts^ 
noXXovg dh tpvyadag yiyvoybivovg^ ovx av idoxsi fLOb 
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vai xal ro intfiaCvsiv nov f^g xmQag. S d* av slnsv mg 

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LiB. n. GAP. m. 68 

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54 LIB. H. CAP. m. IV. 

^yovikivov avtSv SatvQOV tov ^QMvtdiov X9 imI 
«•m^ctfrarov, dsu (ih 6 KQiftluq^ IlaQttdtdofLBv viavy 
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SSWfUH^' vfLsts dh lafidvtsg xal aMayayovtsg ot Svd&ca 
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yAv ixo roi; /Scofioi/ 6 SatvQog^ slkxov Sh oC tnnjQitiu. 
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L 1 B. II. C A P. IV. 55 

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LIB. II. CAP. IV. 57 

iml dh{^yug 6 xv7Ui>Q w fxMijg ^kuTt^ id6xsv d^lh 
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il^ns^mvtotg noXspiCoig dnodvijfSxsiy xal titantai iv 
vfj ducfid^si toHi Kri^i,6ov* ot 9* aXXoi ivtxmv xai xat" 



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LIB. 11. CAP. IV. W 

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itfi noXsiiovvtsg. il^ov d* riiiVv iv slQijvg noXitsiis^d^aij 22 
ovtoi tov ndvtmv aH^xuftdv ts xal xc^Xsncitatov xdt 
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fdvtot iniotaod^s oti xal Tfl?v vvv vq> '^(imv dno^a- 
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xatstaxQvoaiisv. 

Y> fthvtouxvta IXsysv' oC dh Xotnol uQxovtsg xai 
iiM TO touxvta nQ06axoiistv tovg fts^ avtmv dmjya-' 



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«e Lia. IL OAP. lY. 

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tsXsvtatov iini^aavto hisivovg ^ natanavifai^y ak- 

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25 f^4 i7csi0zi6otiv tcvsg avtotg tdv ix tov nstQatmg. ot 
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tsg' iyivovto Sh avtotg xal tnnstgiog slifidon^^ovta 
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LIB. II. CAP. IV. 61 

mtx^dew MifBvoftivotg ' ml toytovg 4v<f(l9^%Qs 6 1%- 
niDt^Xog ^^i0(pttisy itQlla Xi,%efviivovtm mi ^iXmv 
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d 8% xal toiho ^jst ^lTteXv tov pii^vo7tou)v toviytSf 
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ixatftog fiovXoito tov dQO^ov. % dh tovto ^iy^o^ 
xoXla slg SxaOtog tmv Xi^t^v ZQ^f^a%^^ naQ^ty^. ^^ 28 
xovttov 8h itQi^fisi^ sk Aaxs8ai(kovff' t(Sv l/^v tfif^" 
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mtav xalKoQvv^imv ovtov 8h iXsyov fih/otvov.VQ-' 



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62 hlB. IL CAP. IV. 

fUtjOUv evoifxstv av.6XQatsv6fisvov in* ^ji&rivaiovg in^-^ 
diviucQd^mvdovnoiovvtag' ixQattov dh taika , St& 
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Xovfiivqi XQog tp nsiQavBl dB^vbv l%(ov xiQag^ Avaav- 

31 dQog 8i &uv totg fMfd^og^oQovg t6 simvv^ov, xi(ix(ov 
di nQiefisvg 6 Havaavlag nQog tovg iv JlsvQavst ixi- 
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sviuv^g avtotg Sv. inel 8^ ov8hv ano t^g nQoafioX^^g 
nQal^ag an^X^Sy t^ wSt BQaitf XafiAv tSv fviv Aaxe^air- 
fvovimv 8vofi6Qag, twv ^yA^Tjvaiiov tnniav tQstg 
qyuXdgj naQ^Xd^Bv inl tov xmtpov Xvfiiva^ axoncSv n^j 

Si Bvanotsvxv<Jt6tatog ftfi 6 IlsvQavBvg. inal dh dnvovtog 
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ivivtag^ xal ta 8ixa dq>* ^finigewineo^^av ' 6vv 8h ro^ 
aXXovg a^dtog innixoXovd^ev. xal dnixtevvav ^ihv iyyvg 
tQvdxovta tSv ifvXmVy tovg 8* aXXovg xate8imiav nQog 

SSro IlevQavot^iaxQov, ixet 81 itv%ov H^onXviofvevoi ot 
te neXta6tal ndvteg xal ot onXttav tciv ix IlsvQavmg, 
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ot tsd^afvfvivov Aaxs8aviiovv(ov nQO t(ov nvX(Sv iv Ke^ 

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LIB. n. CAF. IV. 63. 

iw%mQij<tag Offov €ta8ui tsttaQa ij nivt^ ngog Xotpov^ 
tivd^ M^yyetls totg AaKsdatiiovioi^ xal totg aXXoig 
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xal ixatov. 6 81 Ilav^aviag tQonauov attiisdiiavog dva- 35 
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iduitagy Kt^fpt^oqimvtd ta xalMiXritov. iaal fiivtoiSl 
ovtoi' ^x^i^o aig Aaxa8cUftova^ istaftTtov ^^ xal ot ano 
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vio%g^ 7taQa8i86vav t6v ta navQaia xdL ttjv Movwxiav. 
€htov0avtag 8h xdvtmv avtmv ot iqtoQovxal oHxxXti^S^ 
TO»^ Siiinafkifav navtaxaiSaxa av8Qag alg tdg^Ad^vag^ 



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64 LIB. IL GAf. IV. 

jf^g iHiiXwg, amivai dl ixl ti imn^ ixd^ovg 
nXijfp t0v tfuncoytu ual tmv Sv9im imA tmv iv tp 
JliiQWSt &Qiivtmv dixa. si HtiVBg pofii^^nS&tSv i^ 

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^ ix tovJI^Qaimg avd^d^ig ^iv totg SnAotg elg ttiv 
mQOTtolUv idv6av ty ^A^ipfi. insl dh xatifiij&av ^ ol 

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xats, i^slShitxeuwfvvfigo^ii^v 'bpiXv nQo&/fitSij 0xi^ 

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vecg xXoip dijoavtisg na^itd6a0iv^ odtm x&xslvot 
vfMg JtaQadovtsg ttp ifitxfiftiva} rovtr^ di^fip oSjtovten 

42 dmovtsg; ov pbivtot ys vftdg, ol avdQsg^ J^uS iyA dv 
ofieoiioxats naQafiijvat oviivy dXXd xal to€to utQog 
totg aXXoig xaXotg imSslliai^ ott xal sioQXOt iud d^ioi 
iots. slneivdhtaikaxalaXXatOiaikay xeASi^nyddh^ 
dioi tapdtts^^aij dXXd totg vdfiOig totg dQxectbig X(f^ 



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LIB. II. CAP. IV. LIB. m. CAP. I. 65 

(f^aij dvi6zfi6B xr^v ixxli]6iav. xal xoxs ^hv aQxag xa-43 
ta^xriCa^svoi iTCohxBvovxo ' vaxsQG) Sh XQovoi axov- 
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xw sis loyovs iX&ovxas auixxsivav^ xois Sh aXlois 
siaxiiitlfavxss xovs q>iXovs xal avayxaiovs s«si6av dtyiH 
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wis ifLfiivsi 6 df^iios. 



U fihv dij 'A^ijvria^ 6zd6cs ovxcds ixsXsvxri6sv. ix dh l. 
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Eafiic} xa xoxs vavdQxp ini6xsiXav vnriQSxstv KvQp^ 
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6 KvQog ixQaisv ^on^ yaQ xo savxov vavxixov6vv 
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vss inl d^dXaxxav^ 9s^t6xoyivst xp Ih}QaK06ip yi» 
yQanxai. 

^Ensl (livxot Tt66aq>iQvris y noXXov a^tos (ia6tXsl3 
i6las ysysv^6^at iv x^ nQOs xov ddsXqtov noXiitpj 
Xouopb. Hist. Gr. 6 

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m LiB. m. CAP. I. 

eaxQanrig xatBTtdfKpdi] (Sv xb avtog jtQOif&Bv ijqxb xal 
mv KvQOQ^ Bvd^vg fi^iov tag ^lcjvixag jtokBig axd6a$ 
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iv tfi *A0C<f ^EkXijvcov^ OTtcDg ^ tB xciQa fi^ dyotto «v- 

4 tcSv xal avtol ikBvd^BQOt bIbv. ot ovv AaxEdatiiovtot 
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ttcitag tcSv ^ihv vBodaiicodcSv Blg %tXCovg^ tcSv dl aXXcav 
nBXo7towrj6Ca)v Blg tBtQaxt0%tXCovg. ytijaato d' 6 OC- 
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tQtdxovta titftBvedrrcov , vo(iC^ovtBg xiQdog r® diff^y 

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3tQ06s%ciQri6av 8l ain^ xai roQyCajv xal FoyyvXogj 
d8sXq)ol ovtsg y l%ovtsg 6 (ihv Fd^^QStov xal HuXair- 



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LIB. m. CAP I 61 

yafifiifBioVy 6 de MvQivav xal rQVvsiov * dcoQOv di xal 
ccvra^ aC TtoXsts ^6av naga ^aCikicDg FoyyvXp , ott 
(lovog ^EQBXQii(ov fMjdiaag iq>vyav, r^v Ss ag aa&svstgl 
ovaagxalxata xQatog 6 ©^.pQWv iXdfipava' AaQi6av 
ys ^i^v tijv AlyvntCav xaXoviiivfjv j iTtsl ovx iTtsCd^sto^ 
JCSQiotQatOTCeSsvadfisvog inoKioQxsi,. ijtsl Sh akkcog 
ovx iSvvato iXstv^ (pQsatCav ts^io^svog vtcovo^iov 
aQvttsvj (og dq>ai,Q7i66iisvog to vSoq avtfSv, cogd' ix 
tov tsi%ovg ixd^iovtsg JtoXldxi>g ivi§akov slg ro opv- 
yika xal ^vka xal JUd^ovg^ xoi/riadiisvog av xskdvfjv gv- 
Uvriv iniatifiasv i%l ty (pQsatlc^. xal tavtriv (livtoi 
hidQayifOvtsg ot AaQtaatoi vvxtcoQ xatixavaav. do- 
xovvtog d' avtov ovdsv otoistvj nifmova^v ol iqiOQOt 
anoXtstovta AdQtaav atQatsvsa&at ijtl KaQCav. 

^Ev ^Eq>ia(p Sh ijSij ovtog avtov^ mg inl KaQCavS 
noQSvaofiivoVyjdsQKvXCSag ccq^v atpCxsto ial to atQd- 
tsv(iaf avfiQ doxmv slv<u(idkaiivi%avrittx6g' xaiiitS" 
xakstto ds 2(avg>og. 6 fihv ovv OCPqcdv aTtrjkd^sv ot- 
xads xal irnuco^slg iq>vys' xatrjyoQOW yaQ avtov ot 
avfiiucxpi' cag itpsCri aQitdlsvv tp atQatsvfiati tovg (pC- 
kovg. 6 dl AsQxvkCdag ijtsl noQika^s tb atQdtsvficc^ 9 
yvovg vnontovg ovtag dkkfjkotg tov TiaaacpiQvriv xal 
tbv 0affvdpaiov^ xoivokoyriadiisvog tp Ttaaaq>iQvsi 
asti^yaysv slg f^v ^aQvafid^ov %(OQav tb atQatsv^y 
ik^fisvog ^atiQp fuckkov rl Sfia dfiL(potiQotg 7toks(istv. 
^vdl KttlxQoa^sv 6 AsQxvkCSag Jtokifitog tp (baQva" 
fidip • aQ^at^g yccQ ysvoiisvog iv jipvSp iTtl Av- 
advSQQvvavaQ%ovvtog i Sucpkrid^slgvjtb 9aQva§diov^ 
iotddij t^v danCSa i%cov^ o doxst xfjklg sZvai totg anov- 
iuCo^gAaxedatfiovCov' atai^Cag yaQ ^ri^coiid iatt. xal 
iw xavta Sr^ Ttokv ^diov ixl tbv ^ccQvdpaiov ysi,. 
xai 9v%ifg yikv toaovtco iU(peQSv etg tb aQ%eiv tov d^C^ 10 

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68 LIB. IIL CAP. l. 

fifan^og cSote jtaQijyocys ro ctQotBVfia dia f^g (pvUa^ 
Xmgag ^ixQi^ tr^g Qagvaptiiiov AloUdog ovSkv pkdifag 
tovg 6vftfidxovg. 

'H dh AloXlg avtij ^ itkv QaQvafid^ov^ i^octQaTtevs 
d* avta tavtijg f^g X^Q^S^ ^ag fthv 1(1}, Z^vtg AaQia- 
vsvg' ixaid^ dl ixatvog voep dnid^avij xaQaexeva^ni- 
vov tov ^aQvapd^ov aKXtp dovvai, f^v eatQaxeCav^ 
Mavia^^tovZ^vtogywi^^ AaQdavlg xal avtrj j ava-' 
isv^a6a atoXov xal d&Qa Xa§ov6a S6tB %ai avtp 9aQ^ 
vafidtp dovvai xal nalkaxCaiv avtov x^QC^aad^ai^ xal 
totg dwa^ivoig (idXi6ta xaQa 9aQva§c^(p^ inoQsvsto. 

11 iXd^ovoa d* sig Xoyovg slnev^^Sl OaQvdfials^ 6 avriQ 6ot 
6 iiiog xal takka q)llog ^v ocal tovg tpoQOvg dxsdidov 
Sats av inatviov avtov itCfiag. i^v ovv iyci 6ot it^ridiv 
XstQov ixsCvov vTcriQstSjtC 6s dstalXov 6atQdnfjv xa^-^ 
i6tdvav\ ijv di tC 6oi ft'^ aQi^xa^ ixl 6ol iijxov iatai 

12 aq^sXoftivp ijii akXfp dowat t^v aQX^v. dxov6ag tav^ 
ta o OaQvdfiatog iyv(X> dstv ti^v ywatxa 6atQaxsvstv. 
i^ d^ ijcsl xvQCa f^g x^^S iyivsto , tovg ts g^oQOvg ov^ 
Ssv Yittov tdvdQog dnsdCdov j xalnQogtovtoig^ wcots 
dffixvotto JCQog ^aQvdfiaiovj dsl '^s daQa avvay xal 
ovcots ixstvog slg t^v x^Qav xatafiaCvoty noXif xdvtav 

13 rcof/ vndQXfov xdXXusta *xal tjdujta idixBto avtov^ xal 
Sg ts naQiXa§s noXstg 8isq>vXattsv avt^ xal tSv ovx 
inrjxoGtv TtQo^sXaflsv im^aXattiSCag AdQiadv ts xal 
^A^a%utov xal KoXmfdg^ ^svix^ fihv^EXXfivix^ nQ06fla^ 
Xov6a totg tsCx^atv^ avtri d^ itp^ aQfLafkdirig ^smfdvri * 
ov 8' inaiviasts^ tovtfp dmQa dniifiactmg idCdov , (otfrs 
Xa^iTtQOtata to ^svtxov xats6xsvd6ato. ^ws^tQa-^ 
tsveto dh tai OaQvafid^p xal dnots sCg Mv6ovg ^ 121" 
aCSag iiifidXot^ ott f^v fia^tXifBg x^iQccv xaxovQyovow. 
&6ts xal dvtstCiia avf^v ^syaXoxQsa&g 6 9aQvdflafy>g 



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LIB. m. CAP. I. 69 

nal&vptpwkov l6tiv ots nuQSHcilsi.. fjdri d' ovCris ccth- 14 
xiishSvitkiov ii xaxtaQaKOvxa^ MaiSlas^ dvyaxQos 
ttv^Qavx^^S C9^9 avanxBQm^Bis vz6xiv(ov msaloxQov 
B^ ywatxa [isv aQXBiv^ avxov d' i8icixi]v dvav^ xovs 
ahv aXXovs lidXa (pvXaxxo^idvTjs avx^^s^ ^Ctcsq iv xv- 
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to^iivrjs &6nsQ av yw^ ya^ifiQov doTcdioixo , sl6sk%mv 
ttKonv^ai avxriv Xiystat. dnixxsivs ds xal xov vlov 
ttvx^S^ to ts sldos ovxa xdyxaXov xal ixmv oinra 6s 
iitxaxaidsxa. xavxa 8h noirfias HxH^lv xal FiQyi&a 15 
iXVQas xoXsis xaxi6%sv , iv^a xal xd XQiJiiata ^dXiCxa 
tjfif xrj Mavitf. al Sh dXXat tcoXsvs ovx i8i%ovxo avxov, 
aXXd 0aQvapditt} iaokiov avxds oC ivovxss g>QOVQoi, 
ix 8h xovtov 6 Msi8ias Tciiitlfas 8SQa tp 9aQvapdip 
rilu)v i%siv t^v %ciQav mazsQ ^ Mavla. 6 8* dnsxQi- 
vttto qyvXdxxsLV avxd^ icx^ av avxos iXd^^ov 6vv avxp 
ixsivp Xdfiy xd SmQa * ov yaQ dv iqyrj iifv fiovXs^&ac » 
ftrj xtjia)QrJ6as Maviif. 6 8h ^dsQXvXiSas iv xovxp xA 16 
xttiQ^ dq)ixvfptacj xal svdifs ^^ ^^ f^t^ W^Q^ AdQir- 
6av xal *A^al^Lt6v xalKoXcnvds tds ini^aXattiovs no- 
Isis ixoriaas TtaQiXafis' Tciiinciyv Sh xal ngos tdsAlo- 
XiSas ytoXsts rjliov iXsvd^SQovo^aits avvds xal sls td 
tsixri Ss^s^&ai xal 6viiiid%ovs yiyvs6^au ot ^ihv ovv 
NsavSQSts xal 'IXcst^ xal KoxvXttai iTCsid^ovxo * xal 
yaQ ot (pQOVQovvtss^^Xrivss iv avtats^ ijcsl ^ Mavia 
ini^avsv^ ov icdw tc xaXSs nsQuinovto* 6 8^ ivll 
Ks§QrjvLj [idXa 16%VQ^ %oQia), f^v fpvXaxrjv i%mf^ 
vo^i6as^ ^t StatpvXdisis ^aQvafidip t^v icoXtv^ trtfii}- 
^vai Sv vn ixsivovj ovx i8i%sto tov Js(fxvXi8av. 
6 8\ oQyiiofAsvos naQS6xsvdtsto nQ06fidXXscv. izsl 
81 dvofiivp avtp ovx iyiyvsto td tsQa ty JCQcity^ rp 
vatsQaia ndXiv i^sto. cSg 8h ov8\ taOta ixaXXcsQst - 



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70 LIB. m. CAP. I 

TO, TcdXivtfjtQitij' xaliki%qttettaQanffifLBQmvhMip^ 
tigBi, d^Ofisvog, iidXa xaXexmg (pigmv' i€7t8vds yicQ 
xqIv OaQvdfiaiov porjd^^ai^ iyxQat^^g ysvi^d^ai na&rjg 

18 v^g AloUdog, 'Adnjvddag di tig HixviDviog Xoxayog^ 
vo^Ccag roi/ {ikv ^SQxvXidav ipXvaQStv diaxQC^ovxa^ 
avtog d' [xavog slvai to vdtOQ aqisXi6^ai tovg KsfiQfq^ 
vCovg j nQo06Qa(i<6v 6vv tg iavtov td^si ijuiQ&xo v^v 
XQTjvriv 0vy%ovv. ot 61 iv^od^sv izsl^sX^vtsg avtov 
ts 0witQ(OiSav %al 6vo dxiKtsi/vaVy xal tovg aXXovg 
nalovtsg xal fidXXovtsg ayCTJXatfav. dxd-o($ivov 6h tov 
^SQXvXt6oVy xal voiii^ovtog ddvfiLotiQav xai tijv XQotf'- 
fioX^v i^sGd^ai,^ iQxovtai, ix tov tsC^ovg MQa tmv 
'EXXijvov xrJQvxsg^ xal slnov oti a [ihv 6 aQxmf xouiCij^ 
ovx dQSCxoL 6(pC6iv ^ avtolSh ^vXo^vto 6vv totg^EX^ 

19 Xrioi, nL&XXov VI Cvv tp fiaQ§dQm slvai. iti> 6% 6taXsyo- 
(livcDv avtiDv tavta^ jtaQa tov aQxovtog avtmv ^xi 
Xiyiov oti, o6a Xiyoisv ot TtQ^ad^sv xdl avt^ 6oxovvta 
Xiyovsv. 6 ovv jdsQxvXC6ag sv%"vg SansQ itvxs xsxaX^ 
XuQrjxag tavty ty ri(iiQCf^ dvaXafidiv td onXa ryyslto 
TCQog tdg nvXag ' ot d' dvajcstdeavtsg i6£iavto. xa- 
taCtTjoag 61 xal ivtav^a q>Q0VQOvg svdvg ^sc inX tijv 

20 I^xijifiv xal triv riQyi^a. 6 6i Msi6Cag nQ066ox(Sv 
(ilv tov OaQvdpa^ov^ oxvav 6* ^6fi tovg noXCtag^ niyir' 
ipag TCQog tov ^sQxvXC6av slnsv otc iX^oi av sCg Ao- 
yovg^ sC 6(i^Q0vg Xdpoc. 6 6h ni^iipag avT^ dzo tco^ 
Xscog sxdotrig tSv iSv(i(idxoi>v sva ixiXsvas Xa^stv tov^ 
tiav OTCoeovg ts xal onoCovg povXoito. 6 6h Xafiiov 
6ixa i^ijX^s^ xal 6v(i(iC^ag tp ^sQxvXC6(f rjQcita inl 
tC6iv av 0v(i(iLaxog yivoito. 6 6* dmxQCvato ig>* fxa 
tovg noXCtag iXsv&iQovg ts xci avtov6($ovg idv. xal 

21 ftfia tavta Xiymv ysc TCQog t^v Hx^inv» yvovg 6h i 
Msc6Cag oti ovx av 6vvacto xioXvscv fiCf tSv noXctiSv, 



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LIB, III. CAP. 1. 71 

sla^ev avtov shiivai,. o dl JeQXvXiSas ^fSag tg 
^A^va iv ty t(Sv Uxritpicov axQOTtoXs^ tovg (liv tov 
Msiilov (pQovQovg i^iiyaya^ xagadovg dh totg nokitaig 
xriv jcoltVj xalstaQaxsXsv^aiisvogy S^jtsQ^EXXipfag xal 
ilsvd^iQovg XQV^ offto) %oXit avsiv ^ i^sXd^&v r^ystto 
inl riji/ rsQyi^a, ^viiJCQOVTCSfiTtov dh xoXXol avtov xal 
t(Sv Uxrjifian/ , tnidlvtig ts xal^^dofisvoc totg ns^Qa^ 
y(iivotg. 6 dh MsiSiag naQsxofisvog avttp '^iiov triy 22 
x&v rsQyi^ifov n;6Xtv naQadovvai, avt^. xal 6 ^sq- 
xvXidag fiivtoc iXsysv mg t&v dixaiov ovdsvog atvxrj- 
001 ' a(ia 8h tavta Xiycov ysc JtQog tag itvXag 6vv tp 
Msviiff^ xal to 6tQdtsv(ia iqxoXovd^st avttp slQr^vixfSg 
slg 8vo. ot <J' am t(3v nvQytov xal [idXavilnjXcSv ov- 
vcav OQiSvtsg tov MscSiav Uvv avtip ovx ipaXXov sl-- 
xovtog 8h tov ^SQXvXiSay KiXsvoov^ w MsiSiay dvot- 
|at tdg ytvXag^ Zva rjty^ (ihv 0Vy iyd Ss 0vv 0ol slg to ts^ 
Qov iXd^cD xdvtavd^a 9'v0ci} tfj ^Ad^ijvdy 6 Msi8iag Sxvst 
fiiv dvoiysLV tdg nvXag^ (po^ov^isvog 8h ft^ xaQaxQrJluic 
9vlXri^d^^ ixiXsvsv dvotlai. 6 8^ ijtsl si^rjXd^sv^iS 
Ixcavav tov Msidiav ijtoQsvsto niQog tr^v dxQOXoXtv 
xaltovg (ilv aXXovg 0tQatmtag ixiXw0s d^iod^at TtsQl 
xd tsixri td OTtXa^ avtog 8h 0vv totg zsqI avtov i^s 
xfj ^Adijv^. ixsl 8^ itidvto^ dvstats xal tovg Msi8iov 
8oQV(p6QOvg d^io&ai, td oitXa ijtl tp 0x6natv tov sav- 
xov 0tQatsv(iatog y (og (iL^d^oipoQ^^ovtag* Msi8ic/^ydQ 
9v8hvitL 8sLv6v slvaL. 6 ybivtoi MsiSiag dutoQcSv o^tL^A 
xoioiri^ slnsv^ *Eyco (isv toivvv ansi^t^ i(priy ^ivid 
0OL7taQa0xsvd0cov. 6 8i^ Ov iid^i\ iiprj, ijtsl al- 
0Xq6v ifih tsdvx6ta Uvi^s^d^at vjto 0ov^ dXXd f*ij fes^ 
vHstv0i. [livs ovv TtaQ^ "^iitv iv^S^ av to 8st7tvov 
nccQa^xsvd^ritaty iyd xal 0v td 8ixaia nQog dXXrjXovg 
xal 8ia^H9tlfS(is9a xal ^tiforofia^. iml *' ixad^ifovtOj 25 



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72 LIB. m. CAP. I. 11. 

fJQcita 6 ^sQKvXidag^ ElTci ftot, m MaiSia^ 6 xat^Q 09 
aQ%ovxa xov otxov xatiXaes ; MaliOta , itpri. Kal x6~ 
iSai0oi,oixiaB^6av; x60oi,6hx<oQOt; noOav Sh vopLai^ 
axoyQdq>ovtos i^ avtov ot naQovtsg t<dv 2xi]i;i(ov 
i6Bl7COVy Wsvdetai 6a ovtog^ <S ^SQxvXida. 'Tfisl^ di 
y\ iipriy fiij Xiav iii.xQoXoysta^8. insid^ di aitsyi^ 
yQamo ta natQ^a^ Elni fiot, l^i^, Mavia Sh tivos 
^v; ot 8% ndvtsg slnov otv QaQvapdiov. Ovxovvxcci 
td ixsivfig, igyri^ OaQvafidiov; MdXuSta^ iq>a6av. 
'HfiitSQ' avsCfj^ iqyrj^ iTCslxQatovjUv* noXi^uog yoQ 
rilitv QaQvdfiaiog. dXX' rjysiata tcg ^ sg)rj, ozov xsV-- 

27 tat td Maviag xal td ^aQvafidtjov. i^yovfiivmv dl tciv 
aXX(ov inl f^v Maviag otxri^iv^ ijv naQStXijq>sc 6 Msir- 
Siagy rixoXovd^sc xdxstvog. insl d^ si^riMsv^ ixdXsc 
6 ^sQXvXidag tovg taiiiagj q>Qd0ag dh totg vnriQhacg 
Xafistv avtovg nQostnsv avtotg (ag st tt xXsntovts^ 
dXaicoivto tdv Maviag , naQaxQrjiia dnoaq>c&yi]6oivto. 
ot d* i8sixw6av. 6 d' insl sl8s ndvta^ xatixXscCsv 
avtd xal xats6riiiijvato xal qtvXaxag xati6tri68v. 

28 il^cav 8h ovg rfOQSv inl tatg ^VQacg tmv ta^cdQXfov xcd 
Xoxaymvy slnsv avtotg^ Miad^og [ihv^littv^ m dv8Qsg^ 
stQya6tac tjj 6tQattd iyyvg ivtavtov 6xtaxc6xcXiocq 
dv8Qd6iv ' rjv 8i tc nQo6SQya6oi(is%a^ xal taika jrpotf- 
i6tac. tavta 8' slns yiyvci6x(x>v otc dxov6avtsg noXv^ 
svtaoetotSQoc xal d-SQansvtcxcitSQOc i6oivto. iQO- 
(civov 8h tov Msi8iov , ^Eich 8h nov XQV olxstv , cJ ^sq^ 
xvXi8a; dnsxQivato^ "Evd^ansQ xal 8cxai6tatovy & 
Msc8ia , iv tfi natQi8c ty 6avtov £xipl>sc xal iv vg na- 
tQpa olxia. 

n. 'O nhv 87} JsQxvXi8ag tavta SianQal^dfLsvog xal 
Xa6mv iv oxr(o i^fciQacg iwia n6Xstg^ ifiovXsvsto Sn&^ 
Sv (M^ iv tfj q>cXioi ;|^€tfia^«)if paQvg stri totg (Sviifuixocgy 



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LIB. 111. CAP. II. 73 

a6JtBQ 0£fiQ€OVj fiTiff ov ^aQvaPa^og xataipQOvmv t^ tit' 
X(p xanovQyoiij rag 'EXXr^i8ag noXsig. niyLTtBi ovv XQog 
rvtov xal iqmxa itorsQov fiovXBxai sl^f^vriv fj noXsiiov 
ixsiv. 6 (livtoi OaQvdfiaiog vo^l6ag r^i/ AloXCSa iidr^ 
rsrsixi^d^ai ry iavrov olxijiJsi ^Qvyia^ 6novSdg stXsro. 

'Slg 81 ravra iyivsro , iXQ^Av 6 ^sQXvXiSag slg r^v 2 
BLdwi8a0Qdxfivixst8v€xsiiiatsv, ov8h rov OaQva-- 
pdiov ndw ri dx^oyUvov ' noXXdxig yaQ ot Bidwol 
avrS iitoXiiiow. xal rd iilv aXXa 6 ^SQxvXidag d^^a-- 
Xmg fpiQov xal ayayv rijv BiSvviSa xai atp^ova ix(ov 
rd i«iri]8sia SisriXsi* insiSr^ 8\ riX^ov avr&naQa rov 
Zsv^ov nsQad-sv 6vfi>iiaxoi rav ^08QV6mv Innstg rs mg 
8iax66u)t xal nsXra6ral 6g rQtaxomoL, ovroi 6rQaro^ 
ns8sv6diisvot xal nsQi6ravQ(o6d(isvoi dno rov^EXXrj-' 
vixov (og stxo6i 6rd8va^ alrovvrsg (pvXaxag rov orQa^ 
Toni8ov rov jdsQXvXt8av rcSv onXirmv^ ii^Q^ccv inl 
Xsi(xv , xal noXXd iXdfi^fiavov dv8Qdno8d rs xal xqi^- 
(lara, ij8ri 8* ovrog iis6rov rov 6rQarons8ov avrotg^ 
noXX(ov alxiMcX(Dr(ov , xcetaiiad-^vrsg otBt^wol o60i 
t i%iifiav xai o6ovg xoctiXinov '^XXrjvag (pvXaxag^ 
6vXXsyivtsg nafinXrid^stg nsXta6ral xal tnnstg Sii* 
"^liiQtf nQ06ninrov6t rotg onXiratg 6g 8Laxo6ioig ov^ 
6tv. insidri 8* iyyvg iyivovro, otiilv ifiaXXoVy ot 8* 
r^KOvriiov slg aitoyg. ot 8* insl iritQ(o6xovro [ihv xai 
dnsdvri6xov, inoiow ^ ovShv xaQ-siQyyLivot iv rcJ 
6ravQ(6iiari dg dv8Q0iiijxsi ovri^ 8iaand6avrsg ro 
ahrmv 6xvQ(oiAa i(piQovto slg avtovg, ot 8s ^ iikv ^x- 4 
f^iotsvvnsxtoQow^ xal ^cf8i&g dni(psvyov nsXta6ral 
oniitagy h^sv8hxal ivd^sv ^xovti^ov, xal noXXovg 
avtcSv i(p* ixd6ty ix^QOfi^g xarifiaXXov riXog 8h 
S6nsQ iv aivXiai arjxaad-ivrsg xarrixovti6^6av. i6ci^ 
9fi6av fLivroi avrcSv dfiq^l rovg nsvrsxai8sxa slg to 



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74 LIB. llf. CAP. II. 

^EIJLtivixov y xal.wtoi^y insl svd^dtog yiS^ovto to m^S- 
ynccy €C7CSXiiii^av iv Tfj (idxfi ducTts^ovtsg aiislri^dv* 

5 T(ov tmv Bid^vvcSv. taxv dh tavta ducTCQa^dfisvoi^ ol 
B%%wol xal tovg ffxvivotpvkaxag tSv ^08qv6c5v 9p^- 
xmv aTCoxtsivavtsg^ anoXafiovtsg ndvta td ai%^dlma 
dniH^^ov ' &6ts oCEXXfivsg iml ^c^ovtOy fioti^vvtsg 
ovdiv aXXo ijvQOV i} vsxQovg yvp/vovg iv tm ctQato^ 
nsd^. insl ^svtot iTtavijXd-ov ol '08Qv6ai^ d-di^avtsg 
tovg iavtfov xal icoXvv olvov ixmovtsg iiC avtoXg xid 
tnnoSQoiUav Tcoiijaavtsg , ofiov 8^ to Xocnov rofeTBA- 
Xri<Si, ctQatons8sv6d(isvoi ^yov xal ixaov tijv Bir- 
^xrvlSa^ 

6 "AyLa 8\ tp ^qi anonoQSvofisvog 6 ^SQXvX(8ag ix tmv 
m. Bi^wmv dipixvsVtai, slg Adfifaxov» ivtavd^a 8* ovtog 

avtov iQxovtai dno tav oCxoi tsXmv^AQaxog ts xai 
Navfidtijg xal ^AvtiC^^ivtig. ovtoi 8' ^Xd^ov inMts^o-- 
yisvov td ts dXXa oniog i%OL td iv ty ^Aclif^ xal Asqxv^ 
U8a iQOvvtsg lUvovti aQxstv xal tov iiciovta ivcav^ 
tov ' hcLCtstXai 81 Cipiaiv avtotg tovg iq>0QOvg xal avy 
xaXicavtag tovg CtQoxcditag siicstv (ogiov ^lv xqo-- 
ad^sv ijcoiovv fiiiiq>OLvto avtotg^ Sti 8i vvv ov8sv ijd^ 
xovvy inaivotsv xal nsQl tov Xoinov xQovovsinstv 
otiijviihvd8ixcS0LVj ovxinitQi^ovCLV ^v 8h 8ixaia 
nsQl tovg Ovfiiidxovg noitSctVy inatvicovtai avtovg. 

7 insl (livtot CvyxaXicavtsg to^dg ctQatidtag tavt^ IXs^ 
yovj 6 tc5v KvQsicDv nQos6tfix<og dnsxQivatOj ^AXk\ 
(o av8Qsg Aaxs8aL(i6viotj "^fistg ftiv i^iASv ol avtoi 
vvv ts xai xiQV6tv ' Sq%c9V dh aXXog (ihv vvv , alXog 8h 
to naQsX^ov. to ovv ahtov tov vvv fihv li^ iiaiiMftdr- 

Svstv, tot s8iy ainol^8ritxavoiiiSt8 ytyvcicxstv. Cv^ 
6xfivovvtcov 8h tmv te otxod^sv nQi^fiscav xai tov Js^ 
xvXi8a, insfivrfi^ ttg tmv nsQi tiv "AQaxov ott xatur- 



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tlB. m. CAP. U. 75 

IsXoiMouv XQ66fi£t^ TcSv XsQQOVfjOitfm/ iv Aaxsdat-^ 

fum. tovtovg dh XiyBiv iipa6av dg vvv (ikv ov dv^ 

vaivto tr^v XeQQovr^^ov iQydteC&aL * q^iQa^d-cu yctQ %al 

&yi0dui, vno tSv @QaxcSv ' Bld* anotu%i0%Blri hc O-a- 

Idttfis sig ^dXattaVf Tcal ^iplaiv av y^v noXl^v xa- 

}radqi/ dva$ iQydi/B^d^af.xal SiXoig ojtoCoi fiovXoivto 

AaxBdai^oviw &iSt^ iipa^av oi^ai/ Q^av^aiBcv slxal 

iCBiMp&siij tig AauBdamkovlmv omo t^g moXbo^ 0vv dv- 

vi^Bc tavra nQol^tov. 6 ovv ^BQxvXldag itQog iikv ixBC" 9 

vovgovx bItcbv tJv i%ou yvmnT^ tain dxov6agj aXX^ 

i%ixB^i)Bv avtovg iri *Ebpi<U)v iia xAv *EXXrfvt8mv no- 

XBm^ '^doiuvog ot$ i^uXXov oifB^d^ou tdg xoXBig iv bI- 

Qr^ BvdacpLOvmmg 8iayov0ag. otfihv d'^ inoQBvovto. 

dl JBQxvXidag iitBidri iyvto iiBVBtiov ov , ndXcv niyir' 

^ag UQog tov OaQvdfiaiov inijQBto notBQa fiovXocto 

6novdag i%Bcv xa^dnBQ 8cd tov %Bc^fSvog ij n^XBfiov. 

ifofLivov 8i rov ^ccQvafid^ov xal tots 6nov8dg , otJiroi 

wxuXcnmv xal tdg nBQl ixBtvoif n6XBcg[q)cXcag^iv bIq^" 

i^ 8cafiaivsc tdv'EXXrJ6novtov cirv t^ 6tQaxBv^atc slg 

trjv B^QCMSrjv , xal 8cd (pcXtag trig 0Q^xrig noQsv^slg 

xcd J^BVcifd^Big vnb Ssv^ov dipcxvsttac sig Xbqq6vij6ov, 

91^ xataiiad^fov n6XBcg iihv bv8bxu [^ 8(68B7ca]sxov6av^ 10 

XmQav 8h nafCfpoQfxndtriv xaL aQcotijv ov6avy xsxaxGh- 

p^ivrjv^if AcnsQiXiysto^ vno tmv 0QaxAv ^ inslii^s- 

tQmvrfiQs tov la^ncov intd xal tQcdxovta 6td8cay ovx 

ifUXXrfisvy dXXd ^6dfCBvog iftst%ciBj xatd fciQri 8cb- 

XAv totg ^tQoxcmacg tb %iOQtov* xal a^Xa vno- 

6x6fcsvog 8m0Bcv totg nQmocg ixtBc%t0a6Cy xal totg 

iXXocg ag 8xa6toc al^coi dsv^ dnstiXs^s to tBt%og ap- 

idfcsvog dnb ^qcvov %q6vov nQb dnciQag. xtd inotri6Bv 

hftbg xov tst%ovg sv^sxa fclv n6XBcgy noXXovg ^hXir- 

fdvag^ noXXr(v 8% xdya&riv ^noQifcov, noXX^v 8h 



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76 LIB. III. CAP. 11. 

neqyvTSVfidvfiv^ naiAJcXrid-eis dh xal Ttayxcclas voim^ 

1 1 navtoSanots 7ctijv€6L tavta dh ngd^as dUfiaivs ndXiv 
bIs t^v*A6iav. 

*Eni0xon(DV dl tas noXsis ici(fa rci (ihv aXla xa- 
Xc5s i%ov6as^ Xian/dh (pvyadas rtVQSv *Ata(fvia ixovtag 
XmgCov ioxvQov^ xal ix tovtov oQiimfAivovs (piQovtas 
xal ayovtas trjv ^laviaVj xal ^c5vtas ix tovtov. nv- 
^oiisvos dl oti> noXvs 6ttosiv^v avtots^ nsgiCtgatons^ 
dsvadiisvos inoXioQxsi ' xal iv oxtto fti^el naQactipsd" 
[isvos avtovs^ xata6tr^6as iv avtfp ^Qaxovta RsXXv^ 
via intfisXrit^v^ xal xatcc6xsvd6as iv tp xa^Qip sxnXsm 
ndvta td inctijdsia^ tva stri avtp xataycoyrjj onots 
dfpixvotto^ dnijX&sv sls^g>s6ov, 17 dnsxsi dno ZaQn 

dsCDV tQVtOV '^llSQaV odoV. 

12 Kal (lixQt' tovtov tov xQOvov iv siQrjvy dtijyot 
397! Ti66afpiQvris ts xal jdsQxvXidas xal oi tavttjf^EXXrivss 

xal ol pdQPaQoi. insl dh dg)t,xvov(isvoL nQi6fisis sis 
Aaxsdatyiova dno tcSv^Icovidov noXscsv idida6xov oti 
strj inl TL66aipiQvsi^ sl PovXoito, dfpiivav avtovoiiovs 
tds ^EXXrividas noXsts ' ^i ovv xaxcSs nd^xot KaQiccy 
Ivd^ansQ 6 Ti66afpiQvovs olxoSj ovtcos av iq>a6av 
tdxt6ta vofiiisiv avtov avtovofiovs 6cpds dtpslvaL* 
dxov6avtss tavta ot ifpOQOt insfiifav nQOs ^sq- 
xvXldaVf xal ixiXsvov avtov dtafiaivscv 6vv t^ 
6tQatsi(iatL inl KaQiav xal OdQaxa tov vavaQxov 
6VV tats vav6l naQanXstv. ot fisv d^ tavt inoiovv. 

13 itvyxccvs dl xatd tovtov tov xQOvov xal OaQvdpa^os 
nQOs Ti66aipiQvriv dq>iy(iivos^ afia (isv ott ^tQatrjYos 
tav ndvtcov dnsSsSsLXto Tta6atpsQvris^aiia Shdtafta^ 
TVQOfisvos ott stoti/LOs stri xotvfi noXsikStv xai6viipMr- 
XS6^at xal 6wsxpdXXstv tovs "^EXXr^vas ix tvls paair- 
Xicos* dXXdis ts yaQ vnsq^d^ovst ti^s 6tQatriyias tm 



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LIB. lU. CAP„ II. 77 

Tuf6ag>i(fV€i xai t^g jiioXidos xaXsTtms iq>SQ£v a«- 
6t€g^fUvog. o d^ itxovmvy nQwcov (ikv toCvw^ i^. 
dii^f^d^i 6vv ifftol ixl Kagiavj ixHta dh xal nagl tov- 
t(av fiovXBv^ofLS^a, ixsl d* ixet ^CaVy ido^ev avtotg 14 
[xavig qwXaxag slg ta iQVfMcta xata^ti^eavtag dia- 
ialvBiv ndXiv inl tr^v^Imvlav, mg d^ ^xovcsv o jdsQ^ 
tvXHag oti ndXiv nsnBQoxotsg sial roi/ MaiavdQOVj 
sinmv ttp OaQaju fog oxvoCri ^^ o TidCatpiQvrig xai 
9aQvdfialog iQ^^tiv ovaav xatad^iovtsg xpiQm0i xai 
ayoDCi, f^v %mQaVj dUffcuvs xal avtog. noQSVoiisvoi Sh 
otnrot ovdiv ti Cwtstayiiivm tm 6tQatsv\mtv^ dg 
VQosXiiXvd^otaw tSv noXsftCayvslgti^v^E(psciaVy i^aC- 
<pvtig oQmCiv ix tov avtmsQag Cxonovg inl tmv iivriiid'' 
t(QV' xaL dvtavafiipdcavtsg sig td naQ savtotg (ivrj-l^ 
(uta xal tvQCsig tivdg Tta^OQ&CL naQatstay^svovg rj 
ttvtotg r^v ri bSog KccQdg ts Xsvxdpnidag xal to nsQCir- 
xov Scov itvyxavs naQov CtQdtsvfia xal to ^EXXrivixov 
Scov slxsv ixdtsQog avtmv xal to tnmxov [idXa noXvj 
To (isv TtCCatpsQvovg inl tp Ss^lS xiQatv^ ro Ss OaQ- 
vafidtov inl tm ei/cn/v/xfi}. mg Ss taxka yCd^sto 6 Jsq- 16 
xvUdagy totg [isv ta^cdQxoig xal totg Xo^ayotg slns na- 
QttxdttsCd^at tr^v taxiCtr^v sig oxtcjy tovg ds nsXta- 
^Tcig inl td XQdcnsSa sxatiQmd^sv xad^ictacd-ai xal 
fiovg Inniagy ocovg ys d^ xal otovg hvy^avsv ixmv • 
ttiytog Sh i^vsto. oCov (isv di) ijv ix IlsXonovvijcov 17 
CtQatsviiay riCvxiav slxs xal naQSCxsvdtsto 6g fiaxov'- 
lisvov • ocoi dh f^Cav dno TlQiijvrig ts xaVAxtXXsCov xal 
ano vijcmv xal tmv ^lmvvxmv noXsmVy ot fisv tivsg xa- 
tttXinovtsg iv t^ cCtm td onXa dnsdCdQaCxov xaL yoQ 
f^v fiadi^s 6 Cttog iv tp MaidvdQOv nsSCm • ooo^ Sh xal 
iiisvovy d^^Xoi r^Cav ov (isvovvtsg, roi/ fihv ovv OaQ^ 18 
vdfiaiov iirjyysXXsto iidxsc&ai xsXsvsiv - 6 iiivtot Tus- 



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78 LIB. III. CAP. U 

eenpiQvrig %6 t£ Kvqbiov 6t(firBVfM uatuXoyitoiuvog 
10$ inoXdfi^ijtfsv avtoTs xol tovtm navtag voii^iov ofLoin 
ovff Blvui tovg^kXffift^^ oiit ipovXsto iui%B0dticLy alla 
nifitlfag XQdg^BQHvXi9av Blntv 5tv sig XoyovgpovXoito 
avt^ apioci^&ai. xal 6 zlBQXvXCdag Xafimv tovg KQa^ 
tl6tovg Tff Btdfi ttSv xbqI ovt^ xai titximv xal nB%&v 
XQO^Xd^B TtQog tovg ayyiXovgy xal Blitev^ *AXXa n€CQB* 
OHBvaOfifjv (ihv iyays pM%B6^hay mg oqoxb' insl ykiv^ 
tov ixBtvog fiovXBtai sig Xoyovg it^ixio^ai^ ovd* iyA 
avtiXiya. bI yi^ivtov tavta det novstVy nt^ta xal ofii^ 

19 Qovg dotiov xal Xrpctiov. do^avta 81 tavta xa\ xB" 
Qavd^ivtUj ta (ilv otQatsvfiata ait^^Xd^By to fithv fiaQ^ 
PaQvxov Blg TQaXXsvg trjg KaQlagy to 8* ^EXinpftxov 
slg ABVxoipQWj ivd^a fjv ^AQtifivdog tB Ibqov (laXa 
ayvov xal Xtfivri icXiov ij 6tadlov VTtoiwfifvog aivtcog 
icotCyLOv xal ^sQfiov vdatog. xal tots fihv taika 
ijtQaxdfi ' Tj 8* V6tBQata slg to ^vyxsiiisvov %tOQtov 
fjXd^ovy xa\ i8o%sv avxotg nvd^iifd^av aXXi^Xav isrl t^- 

20 4fvv av tf[v siQTpnpf novjqoavvto. o yihf 8fj j^SQXvXi8ag 
slnsv^ sl avtovofvovg itpfj fia6vX^g tag *EXXfivi8ag 
ftoXsvg^ 6 81 Tv66aq>iQVfjg xal OaQvaPaiog^Bl iiiX^i 
to ^EXXfjvvxov OtQatsviia ix t^g %mQag xa\ ot Aaxs- 
8avfiovi(ov aQivoOtal ix tmv noXsmv. tavta 8* stnov" 
tsg iXXriXovg 6nov8ag inovij6avtOy S(og anayysM-sirj 
ta Xs%^ivta dsQxvXi8a ^h/ slg Aaxs8ai(iova^ Tv6' 
6aq)iQvsv 81 in\ fia6vXia. 

21 Tovtav ds nQatto^avcJv iv t^ *A6ia ino ^bqxv^ 
mMSa^ Aaxs8av^6vvov xata tov avtov %q6vov^ naXat 

oQyvioiiBvov totg ^HXsiovg xa\ otv inoi/ij6avto 6VfL(va%iav 
nQog ^Ad^vaiovg xaVAQystovg xa\ Mavtvviag^ xal oti 
Sixfjv (pdoxovtsg xata^s^vxd^d^av avtmv ixciXvov xal 
tov tnnvxov xa\ tov yvfivvxov dymvogj xa\ ov iiovop 



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1. 1 B. UI C A P. 11, 79 

tavt fj(fXBc^ aXXtt xal M%u TcaQadovtog ^^lin^ tb 
Sffika^ heel ixriQVttovto vtxtovtsgj ots sl^ijK^^s JC%ag 
€tS€pav(6(ftov roi/ r^to^ov^ (laatiyovvtss avtov^ avdga 
yipovta, i^i^XaeaV rotnriov d' v6tSQ0v nal "AyidogSi 
nsyi,q>^ivtog dvfSat ttS jdil xata (lavtslav ttva ixio^ 
kvov ot ^Hkstot fi^ n^^^^sCd^at vtxr^v noXifjtov^ Xi' 
yovtsg tig xal to ap%atov spq ovtm vofitfiovj fii) %qi]- 
6ti]Qtdts6^at tovg "EXXrj^vag ig> 'EXXfjvtov noX^p' 
Scte a%vtog oTf^X^sv. ix tovtmv ovv n&vttov oQyt- 23 
toptivotg Idol^s totg iipoQotg xal tg ixxXri^la fSfoq^QOvi" 
6ak avtovg, xifiilHJcvtsg ovv ngitffistg slg ^HXtv slnov 
ott totg tiXsfft ti&v jiaxsdatfiovtiov dCxatov doxoCri slr- 
vatatptivat avt ovg tagnsgtotxCdagxoXstg avtovoptovg. 
axoxQtvaftiven/ 8i tmv 'HXsCmv oVi ov notrfiohsv tav^ 
ttt^ intXriCdag yaQ S%otsv tag noXstgy q^QovQov ifprjvtcv 
oC ig>0Q0t. aycov 8h to 0tQdtsv(ia^j4ytg ivifiaXs 8td t^g 
I4%€ttag sig t^v ^HXsCav xatd AdQtCov. aQtt Sh rot;24 
^tQoxsvpLatog ovtog iv ty noXsfica xal xontoftivrjg t^g 
XciQag^ 0st0ft6g intyCyvstat • o 8^ ^Aytg d-stov riyriedpLS- 
vog i^sX^av ndXtv ix t^^g %oiQag ^taqyqxs to (StQdtsv- 
fut. ix Sh tovtov ot ^HXstot noXv ^QoavtsQOt ^iTavyXal 
disnQBOfisvovto sigtdgnoXstgj O0agjj8s6av 8v6ftsvstg 
XQXqAaxs8myMvCotgov6ag. nsQtovtt Sltmivtavt^tpal- 25 
vov6t ndXtv ot ItpoQOt ipQOVQav inV triy HXkVj xal 6w 
s&tQatsvovto t^^Aytdt nXr^ Bottotmv xal KoQtv^Cmv 
oZts aXXot ndvtsg 6v(Pfta%ot xal ot^A^n^atot. ii^fiaUv- 
tog8i Tov "AytSog 8t AvXdivog, svd^vg ^lvAsnQsStai 
Mtootdvtsg tmv 'HXsCmv nQo6s%m(^6av avrjS, svdvg 
dh MaxCattoty i%6iisvot 8' 'EnixaMstg. 8tafiaCvovtt 8h 
tov notaftov nQ06s%mQOVv AstQtvotxal'Aiiq>l8oXot xal 
Magyavstg. ix 8h tovtov iX^mv slg 'OXviJtTtiav i&vs2^ 
t^Jd t^^OXvftnC^' xmXvstv 8^ ov8slg ittinsiQatCM 



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80 Llb. m. CAP. U. 

^v6€cg di XQog to a^xv iMQSvstOy xonrmv K(d xdmv 
rijv xcigavy huI wcdQnoXXa ^i^hv xtijvfj^ vniQnokka Sk 
avdQoxoda iqlicxeto ix t^g xtoQag' S6ts axovovtsg 
xal aXXov noXkol tmv *AQxddcov xal [dxa&div ixovteg 
y6av cvCtQatBv^o^BvoL xal (iststxov t^g oQnay^g. 
xal iyiveto avtfi fi ctQateid SaneQ inuJitvCiMg fg Ile^ 

S7 Xonowijcp. inel dh aq^ixeto XQog tr^v noXiVf td iiiv 
nQodcteuc xal td yvfivdcia xaXd Svta iXviuUvetOy vqv 
dh noXiv^ dteix^Ctog yaQ r^v^ ivo^MCav avtov iifj fiov- 
XeC^at iidXXov ij ^i) dvvacd^ai iXetv. dyoviiivfig dh t^g 
X^Q^Si ^di oiici^g v^g CtQoti&g nsQl KvXXfjvfiv, fiovXo- 
^£i/o£ oC neQl Seviav tov Xeyofievov {lediiivfi dno^e- 
tQi^CaC^iu to naQa tov natQog aQyvQtov iC avtmv* 
nQoCxdQfiCai, tolg Aaxedaifi^yvioigj ixnecovteg ii oi- 
xiag ^Upfi ixcvteg Cfpaydg noiovCiy xal aXXjovg xi 
tivag dnoxxeivovci xal onoiov ttva 0QaCvdaltp dno- 
xteivavteg tcJ tov Sijfiov nQoCtdtfj Sovto 0Qacv- 
datov dnextovivatj Scte 6 (ihv dfj(Aog navtsXcig 

iS xatfidviifice xal fiCvxiav elxevj ot d% Ctpayetg ndvz* 
wovto nenQayfiiva elvai^ xal ot 6fu>yvmiioveg au- 
totg iieq>iQOVto td onXa slg ti^ dyoqdv. 6 8h 9pa- 
cvdatog iti xad^evdtov itvyxavev ovneQ ifisdvc^. 
(og 81 ^cd^sto 6 8fj^og otv ov tidvfixsv 6 &QaCv- 
Satog^ neQienXTJcdfj ^ olxia ivQ^ev xcct Ivd^ev, ScneQ 

29 vno icfiov fieXittmv 6 ^yeiidv. inei8fi 8h '^stto 6 SQa" 
cv8atog dvaXafiav rov 8fj(ioVy ysvo^vfig fuxxfjg ixQd-- 
tficev 8 8^iiogj i^necov 8h nQog tovg Aaxe8aiiioviovg 
ollyx^^^Q^^^^^^^^^^^^V^Yc^tg. inel 8* avo^Ayigdntmv 
8Ufifi ndXiv tov *AXq>ei6vj fpQovQovg xataXintov iv 
'EnitaXip nXfjCiov tov *AXtpeiov xcd Avcutnov aQino^ 
Ctriv xal tovg i^ 'HXUSog q>vyd8agy ro fthv CtQdtsvfM 

i08i/flxev, avtog 8h otxa8e dn^^Xd^s. xal ro ^h> Xomov 



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LIB. m. CAP. u. m. 81 

^d(fOs xal rov iniovta %BiyLiSva vtco rov Avahtnov xal 
xSv tcsqI avrov itpsQBto xal tjyero ij rdiv^Hieiav xd^ 
4fa. roi; d^ iniovroq d^igovg niiiilfag ®Qa6v8ato$ sl$^ 
Aaxs8aCyLOva0WB%mQri(Ss ^iag rs ro rst%%g nsQisksXv 
xal KvXXiivrig xal rag Tgiq^vUSagnoksvg dfpstvat 9(ft- 
^av xaVEniraUov xal Asrgivovg xal *Anq)id6Xovg xal 
Magyaviag, nQog dh ravraig xai 'AxQmQstovg xal Aa-- 
6iSva rov vn 'AQxddmv avriXsyofisvov, "Hnsiov {khh- 
TOA rr^v iisra^v nokiv^HQaCag xalMaxCffrov i}|^owot 
*HXstoL l%siv 'nQCaad^at^ yaQ ifpaoavr^v %ciQavanaCav 
naQa r&v rors i%6vraiv rip/ n6Xi,v rQidxovra raXdv^ 
rmf^ xal ro aQyvQiov Ssdfoxivai,. ol dh AaxsdavfAoviot^ $% 
yv6vrsg (iTfiShv dixaiorsQov slvai fiCa^ nQWfiivovg ij fiC^ 
dq>sXoiiivovg naQa rc5v iirr6v<ov Xa^ifidvsiv^ dtpiivcu, 
xal ravrijv '^vdyxaeav tov {livroi nQos6%dvai rov 
^iog rov^OXvitnCov IsQov^ xaCnsQ ovx aQ%aCov^XsCoig 
Svtogj ovx dni^XaiJav avrovg^ voyi^Ciiovrsg rovg avrt- 
%ou>v(kivovg %<OQCrag slvai xal ov% txavovg nQos^rd^ 
vat. rovrcov Sh avy^cjQtid^ivrcjv sCQ^vr^ rs yCyvsrai xal 
6v^yi,a%Ca *HXsCa>v nQog AaxsSai^ovCovg. xal ovrco 
lihv S'^ 6 AaxsSaifiovCcov xal ^HXsCcov n^Xsfiog 
iXr^is. 

Msrd Sh roikol^yig dg)ix6iASvog sig AsXcpovg xal m. 
rr^v Ssxdrriv dnodv6agy ndXiv dniiov ixagASv iv^HQaCa:, 
. yiQCDV ^Srj £vy xal dnrivi%%ri iiiv sig AaxsSalykova hi 
gcoi/, ixstSh ra%v ksXsvrrias' xai itv%s CSfivoriQag '^ 
xard avd^QConov racprjg. insl Sh (0iJLcid7i6av otrniiQaLj 
xal iSsL fia0iXia xad^CcraCd^ai,^ dvriXsyov nsQl fia6iXsCag 
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dSsX(p6g. sin6vrog Shrov Asc9rv%CSoVj^AXX 6 v6(iogy2 
<o*Ayri(fCXas, ovx dSsXq>6v dXX vlov fiaOtXiaig fia6iXsv- 
sivxsXsvsL* si Sh vlbg c5v ^^ rvy%dvot^ o dSsXip6g xa 
Xenoph. Hist. Gr. 6 



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82 LIB.lll. CAP. m. 

Sg fia^tXsvoL ^E^ih av deoi pa6tXsvHV. Ilagj ifU}V y» 
Svtogi ^Otv ov XV xaXstg itaxipay ova Itpri Ce alva$ 
kcvxov. ^AXX r^ noXi^ xdXXiov ixelvov sidvta (iijxfiQ xci 
i^v ixi qni6iv. ^AXi o Iloxeidav cag fuiXa 6ev tlfsvdo-- 
liii/m it)axeiidwaev ix xcSd-aXdfKO il^eXd6ag6el0fip elg 
xotpavsQoi^ xov 6ov naxiQa. 0vveiiaQxvQri6e dh xavx 
avxmxal &dX7JQ'id^ittog Xey6ii,evog XQovog slvai' aap 
ovyaQ ^oi iqyvyi xal ovx ifpdvri iv xm ^aXdfip^ dsocdtp^ 

3 (J^i^vl ij^ivbv. ot iih^ xoucvt iXsyov, ^ionst^g di, 
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iip6Q0vg' invfiovX^^v kal xoi/ dQx^iyov xov nQayivaxog 

bKvi^d8mva. oitog 8* ^v xal ro sl8og vsavC6xog xtd 
x^vtlrvxr^v svQOMfxogy oiS^ fvivxov xAv ifioCcav. iQOfi^- 



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LIB. IIL CAP. m. 83 

pmv dl i^mvitpoQmv nfS$ ^patfi t^qv itQdiikv i^scd^tu^ d' 
X6V Q.pf^tpyysilas ou 6 Kiv49^ ayaymv ifvtovjjtl to 
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, av^QC^Ttoi xal y^ xal ^Xa xal Xidws iQydiovtaiy 
^twl tcSv uXXGiv, S% ts%vAv tds nXsCctas td OQyava 
onXa i%si>v oQxovvta, aXX^afS ts xal ^qos ^onXovs- nd- 



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84 LIB. III CAP. III. 

Xiv av i(^(Oti6^evog iv rlvi X(f6va) iiiXloi tavta nQOt^ 
tse^aiy slxsv oti inidrinBtv ot nagriyysXfiivov Btvi, 
SAxov6avtss tavtaot ifpoQOt^ iaxsfiiiiva ts liynv tjyii* 
6avto avtov xal SiBJCkayriaav^ xal ovdh t^v fiixQav xa- 
AovfiivTiv ixxXviiSCav ^vXXS^avtBqy aXXa ^vXXayoiisvoi 
tmv ysQOvttov aXXoi aXXod^i ifiovXswsavto niii^fcu roi^ 
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xBXev^ai r^xBiv ayovta tmv AvX(ovitciv ti tivag xa\ 
tmv EtXdtojv tovg iv r^ cxvtdXjj yByQafifiivovg. aya' 
yBlv S\ ixiXsvov xal trjv yvvalxa^ rj xaXXt^trj fikv av^ 
T0^( iXiysto Blvai^ XviiatvB^d^ai, if idoxBi tovg a(pixvov 
^ivovg AaxBdatfiovtcDv xal TCQBCfivtiQovg xal VBani- 
9Qovg, vnrjQBtiixBi Sh xai aXX ijdi^ oKivadayi/ totg iq^o* 
QOig toucvta. xal totB Sif iSo6av trjv 6xvtaXrjfv ixsivcp^ 
iv ri ysyQa^(iivoi voav ovg ^dei OvXXrjq^d^^vat. igofii^ 
vov S% tlvag ayoi fisd'* iavtov tmv viarv^ *J<0'i, kpa6av^ 
xal Tov nQB6fivtatov tSv tnnayQstcSv xiXsvi 6oc ^vfir- 
nifitlfat, l^ ^ BJCtd oX dv tv%ai6i naQovtsg. i^B^sXi^xsi 
Ss avtoTg oncag 6 tnnayQitrig slSstr} ovg Siov niiinsiVj 
xal of ytsimofisvoi sISbIsv ort KivdScDva Siot ^vXXafistv. 
slnov S% xal toiko td KivdScavtj oti nifiilfOtsv tQStg 
dfid^ag, vva (i^ ns^oifg ayai6v tovg Xriq>%ivtag^ dg)avC- 
tovtsg mg iSvvavto fidXtOta ort iq) sva ixsZvov insy^ 

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yQdijfavtsg dnonifinsvv r^t/ taxt6trjv totg iq^oQOvg. otJ- 
tm S' i6xov ot itpoQoi nQog to nQccyfiMy m6ts xal fiOQav 

11 Innimv insfiilfav totg in AvXtovog. insl S' siXrjfifivsrhni 



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MB. m. CAP. m. IV. 85 

fotii avdQOs V^^ tniuvs tpiQiov xa ovofutxa iv oKiv»' 
inv iaiyfteil^y xoQUffiHfM t6v xb hmvti/v Ti6afk8vdv 
nal tovg aXXovg tovg huamiQimdtovg (SwsXafifiavov. 
ag d* avinfhi 6 Kwadmv xol ijA^aro, xcd myLoXoyBi, 
nivta wd tovg 6uva$d6t€ig iX^Sy tiXog avtov ^Qovto 
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(MiSti/yovfBsvog mi xsvtovitsvog avtog ts xal o[ ftst 
ixvtov xata t^v noXi/v xsQirffovto. xol ovtov §ihv dij 
t^g d&cfig ltv%ov. 

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W«g av fi&sa vavxX^qQOV ti/v6gy ^td idiav tQvqQSig ^oir- 
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iktav AaxsSamuyvUov xaL tovg 6v(^uixovg 6way6v- 
twv xat fiovXsvoftivipv ti XQ^^ xoisPvy Av6avdQog vofiir- 
tw xal tp vavtiat^ noXv xsQii6s6%ai tovg '^XXijvag 
xal To xstov Xoyii6iiBvog mg i^tid^i to (istd Kvqov 
ivafidvy xsid^sv iroi^ 'Ayn6iXaov v%o6tr^aiy ^ avtp 
iiS6$ tQuixovta ph/ JExaQtuttaVy slg dutfjtXtovg dh tcSv 
vsoiaikmdiSvj $ig SiaxusxMwg 9h to ^vvtaypM tmv 
^vmidxayVy^tQatsvs^d-aisigf^vji^tav. XQogdhto^i^ 
tf Tfo Xoyi6ii^xal avtog ^wsi^Xd^stv avtp ifiovXsto, 
onatg tdg dsxaQxiag td^ xata6ta^si6ag wt* ixsivov iv 
ffftg ic6Xs6iVy ixxsntanivtag d\ diM tovg ifpoQOvg^ ol tdg 
natQtovg noXi/tsiag MOQ^yysUaVy ndXiv xaxa6trfisi9 



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86 LIB. m. CAP. IV. 

f^li^'Afti^ftXitM i^dfy^tki(pifftivdhtov^'*Ayfi4fUitti>v 

xa^^Sm 'xftl ri^mpdt^ifiaii^^M^'} tat^fiW^no^stU 
dUc^M^dg a^j^iXb^j^ jt^'%m8iJ^o\l»^'tidihl'£mfmx6- 
^siPTcipL^^^at xtel ojrtfe^ ^ePpdi^ t«*<^ ififnjk^ 
iX^&i^Wmiv^AvXtdilimtitsi^^o^^ elg 

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^eovg xal <$^]t{ofi^^^^ civapttg^id t^vtptfjQfi^iitinXsi. 
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i&dvdioi^dv <y*i>^iitV«^^?'^^^<^^,«^'^<^'^ 
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TuMi^SifvHg & S\io6bv Bi%^g^hf>^6dxo • Aml fip troi» 



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LIB. m CAP. IV. 8? 

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«9 €7j(j^.9r((9<f'9'€^ ft6r£^6^;cfro. 'AyijaiXaog diy xalmQ 
ai€^.av6(A6vog^ ravtay 0(ia)g in^fievs vatg anovSatg. 

'Slg da ri0v%Cav ts xal ax^^UV ^X^ o *Ayi^6iXaog 7 
dUtQ^fisy ivt^Q ^E^ipca^ ats awtBta^aypLivfov iv tatg 
n6^€6i,j:Avnqict6p(pVyXal ovts dfi(ioxQatiag hi ovafjg, 
Sa^f/^.ini* *^^V^^Vr ^^^^ daxaQxiag, SanaQ inl Av^ 
ifdviJQf^p, , a^f^a ycyvdaxovtsg navteg tov AvaavSQov, 
nQoaixaivxQavt^a^vovvteg StanQattB0%atavt6y naQ 
^AyriaiXdov mv iSiovto * xal Sva tavta dil nafinXfid^g 
^X^og d-SQansvmv avtqv iqxoXovd^si^ Sats 6 [i^v. ^AyriaC^ 
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p,hf ovv^i^^s xaltQy ^AyriaiXaoytavta iSilXoasv vats-- 
Qov ' ot y^^rjjc^y d^Xot tQuixovtavno tov fptovov ovx 
iaiytovy dX^^ iX^pv nQog toy^AyriaiXapv Ag naQayoiAa 
notoiri Aypf^ySQpg r^ fiapiXsCjfg oyxriQotSQOv Stdyov. 
insX Si xQil^rJQiatpnQoadysiv ttvag t<S ^AyrjatXdm S 
AvaavSQog^ ndvtag olg yvoirj aytpv avjinffdttovtd tv 
iittamivovg aninsyLnsv. mg S' dsl td ivavtia cSv ifiov^ 
XstQ^d^ificu^vs t^Ava^vSQjp^ iyvco Sri to yvyvoiisvov' 
xal oy^ STtsa^at saytpitt sia oxXov^totg ts avfi- 
nQoiai ti Ssp^^yotg aatpmg iXsysvott iXattov s^otsv^ 
al avtog n^mi^, fioQiog Sh g^sQov ty dttftic^y nQoasX-- 9 
^dv slnay^ S^^^AyriaiXaSy ftstovv fthv aQa avys tovg 
<piXovg i)^^ai. Nal [id ^C ^ ifpfjj toyg ys fipvXofjti- 
vovgiiJftHy.^^pvg^q^ccivsad-at' tovg Si ys ay^ovtagsl 
^rj injfir^fiifijv dvtAtt(idvj alaxyvoi[iiiv av. xal 6 Av- 
-aavSQp^sl^^y^ ^AXX taaigxal (idXXov slxota av notstg 
ij iy& inQCfxyov, tdSs ovv (lot ix^ tov Xotnov jx^Qtaat^ 
^nc9g av^ (AT^f alaxvvcDfiat dSvvatmv naQa aol fti^t 
il/LnoSciy ^oif co, d^6nsiiip6v noi (is. onov yaQ av a>, 
^stQaao^itat iv xcuq^ aot slvat. sln6vtog Sa tavta 10 



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88 LIB. III. CAP. IV. 

idois xccl T09 *jiyriatXdp ovrcn novil6av^ xal xifiitu tw^ 
tov iq) ^EXXriisnovtov. ixst dl 6 Av6avdQog aiad'6fi,S' 
vog JSxvd^Qvdatfjv tov IHqCtiv iXattovfisvov tv vfco 
0aQvapdiov, dvaliysxav avt^ xal nsid^sv djeoetijvav 
ixovta tovg ts naldag xal td tcsqI avtov xQ^fiata xal 
InTciag.fiig dvaxo6vovg. xal td fvhv akXa xatiXvnsv iv 
Kvlixm^ avtov dl xal roi/ vtov dvapvfiaadfvsvog '^xsv 
ay(ov TtQog ^Ayrioilaov. I6(av Sh 6 *Ayri6tXaog 7J6d^ ts 
tfj TCQdJ^sv xalsvd^g dvsnwd^dvsto tcsqI v^g^aQvafid- 
^ov xch^S 1^^ ^ccl ^QXVS- 

11 'EjcsI di ^iya g>Q0vrJ6ag 6 Tv66ag>iQVfig inl rp jca- 
tafidvtv 6tQatsviiatv naQa Pa6vXi(og nQ0stnsv*Ayti6ir- 
Xdca TCoXsiiov^ sl /x^ dniov ix rijg *A6lag^ ol fikv aXXot 
6viiiJLaxovxalAaxsdav[iovi(6v oi naQOvtsg [idXa dx^S" 
^d^ivtsg (pavsQoliyivovtOy voiii^ovtsgiXdttca tiiv naQ^ 
ov6av slvav dvvaiivv *Ayvi6vXdcp tijg pa^vXiag naQa^ 
6xsv^g, *Ayvi6tXaog dh ^dXa tpavdQmtS nQ06cinai dnay- 
ystXav Tv66ag>iQvsv tovg nQi^fisvg ixiXsv6sv CDg noX-^ 
Aijv ;capM/ aiJrp l^ot, ort invoQX7]6ag avtog ^h/ noXs^ 
liiovg tovg d^sovg ixt7J6ato^ totg 8' "EXXri^v 6v^fvdxovg 
inotri6sv, ix Ss tovtov svd^g totg filv 6tQatv(Atavg 
naQTiyysvXs 6v6xsvd{B6^av (og slg 6xQatstav^ tatg dh 
n6Xs6vv slg ag dvdyxrj iji/ d^pvxvst^d^av 6tQatsvo(iivq^ 
inl KaQtav nQOstnsv dyoQav naQa6xsvdisvv, ind^ 
6tsvXs d\ xal ^1cd6v xal AloXsv6v xal *EXXr]6novttoig 
niinnsvvnQog savtov slg^^^ps^ov tovg6v6tQatsv60fva' 

12 vovg, 6 dh Tv66atpiQvrigy xal ort tnnvxov ovx sl^sv 6 
*Ayri6iXaog^ ^ 81 KaQta acpvnnog ijv, xal otv riystto av- 
tov OQyi^s^d^av avtp 8vd tr^v dndtrjv^ t^ ovtv vo(it6tts 
inl tov avtov olxov slgKaQtav avtov OQiiTj^svVyto (ih^ 
nsidv Snav 8vspipa6sv ixst6Sy to 8* tnnvxov efg ro 
Mavdv8Q0v ns8iov nsQvijySy voiiticav txavog slv^ 



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LIB. m. CAP. IV. 89 

nattmcct^ffcu t^ tfcnp tovg 'j^AAi^i/a^, nglv sis ta dv6- 
ixna &g)ixi(Sd'm. o^ *Ayri6llaog&vtltovhtlKaQlav 
Uvai svdvg tavavtlaano^tQiifag ijtl^pvylag inoQSV- 
fro, x<d tag t* iv ty noQBUf anavtm6ag dwd^svg ava- 
la(Apdv€Ov ijy6 xal tag noJLsLg xatsatQi^sto xal iiipa-- . 
Xav ango^doxi^toig na^nXijd^ XQVi''^''^^ iXd^pavs. xal 13 
rov fikv akXov %q6vov dc^almg disnoQsvsto • ov noQ* 
Qto d* ovtog Aa6xvXstoVy nQolovtsg avtai ot tnnstg 
^Xawov inl X6g)0v tivd^ ag nQotdovsv tita^inQo^d^ev 
stfj. xcctd tv%riv di tiva xal ot tov OaQvafid^ov tnnstg 
ot nsQl ^Pa^lvriv xal Bayatov tov vod^ov ddsXffOV, w- 
tsg naQ6(ioM& totg ^XXri6t tov aQiS^iiov^ ns^ig^d^ivtsg 
vno OaQvafidiov ijXavvovxal ovtoi inl tov avtov rot)- 
tov X6g>ov. I66vtsg ds dXXi^Xovg ovdh tittaQa nXi^Qa 
dni%ovtag^ to (lihv nQiStov i6tri6av d^tp6tsQOi^ ot (ikv 
"EXXrivsg tnnstg S6nsQ q)dXayJ^ inl tsttdQon/ naQats- 
tay(iivoCy ot Sh §dQ§aQoi tovg nQcitovg ov nXiov rj sig 
dddsxa noi/rieavtsgj to §d^og d* inl noXXwv. insita 
fkhnoi nQ66^sv mQpnfi^av ot (idQ^aQov. mg d* sig %st^i/i 
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vsg tnnstg. (iorfi^6avtog dVAyri^vXdov^wtotgwcXl^ 
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yiyvstav td tsQd. tovtov (livtov g>avivtog 6tQi^ag 
inoQSvsto inl d^dXattav. yvyv(ii6x(ov dh Stv si ^^ te- 
nvxov txavov xtr^^avto^ ov dvvij6ovto xatd td nsdia 
6tQaxsvs6^av^ iyva toiho X€Pea6xsva6tiov slvav^ mg 
fM} dQanstsvovta noXsfvstv diov. xal tovg (vkv jrAov- 



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90 LIB. m. CAP. IV. 

6mtatQvg ix nac^y^t^ in^nqXspiiv l^^otQpq>etv 

x(d avdifa doxiHL^i oti ^l^^ixp%ffi^0^QQXBp^^^ 
BTCQCiffi^v ovtm tavt» ^v^qnifP^^Qdttipp^Ok .Rif^^Q &y 
tigjqv v^Q airtQV ihtod^avMiyL^pi^ ^Qi[^%^^p(^^^^ 

ig 'E^dht(^vtmH^ifinh9?>Mwmf .^vv^^n «kf 

9»'anavtd atQcm^vn^ €ig^9if<m< ^mWP' ^^^fip^^ 
Xoji^vog ad^iorsnQovd^T^^ . tatg^t^^^OTf^d^xa^^tdiaatv^ 

ntkg^Qh^t(i^^6e^Ldtmi7(^f^ mi r^f^^nm^^n^^K^Q^ 

ti0ta Cn^^vqA: x(4. n^^i^atfiffgdh^^l tpiiif^q^gfd^Xa 
3rpptJa^#^ o(^QM^'^^tf^(.,^C(l^t^ 7tQ0p;ij^(mg^jQya 
9flfV«^^^ io^tovxPV^ S^ ^noQ^^^OQav titi^^yvif^yd^ta 
xdvta^ifiC^afc^Q^Vttm ypf*?^«^o^fVOiy.^^t?Q?f *^ f«?«p- 
dQ(^i^Vtdl^lmai<H^V^9 tO(vg Sl axpvt^dgx^^ toyg 
17Togftrn?5 /^^w^«s, dlifm *i,^ai lo^nV '^nvM^fiVJp 

danmuxf^lTtmovx^^sffX^mvf^, oZ ta xfflxotvTtoi 
x€iloCtixi^ovsgxal^XaX^^;xalQ[ o^ptQpQ^pt xal ok 
tioyQaqiot ndvxag wXi^y^iind onXa^ xi^^rccrxfi^afp?/, £<Jts 
f^p^^TtoXkv .ov^i^^o(^<S^^,nQXii^v iQ^a6tnQ(f0v Blyat. 

ISimQQcia^ d* av ttg xdxatvo Cddvy *Ayn^Cl<)fo%iikv 
nf^ovy htBvta d\xal tovgaXXQvgC^pQatkjS^^ i^lX^ 
<pav(Off,ivovg,d3to tmv yviikvaaCmv a^tpK^f^ ^- ai/a« 
ti&.ivtag topg ot£q>dvovg ty, *ulQ!f§i^tdu ojaro v ydff av- 
dQsg -d-f ovg [ikv. 6i§qpvto , td fih 7tftX^(^d da^q^, neir- 
^^m^tv dy^sXstp^^Vj 7tc5g ovx ei^fogJvtavQ^f^^p^/i^j^ 

19 ii^otd iXgti$<Q.v dya^mv, bIvcu ; Tjypvfn^vog^d^xal ,tp^;ca- 
ta<j^Q$f$iV:,t<S^,7tQXsi!^v ^(0(1(71^, ttvd iiifidi^,6tv^^JQ^$ 
to ftdx/Bad^aij XQQsf^^ totg xijqvJ^ tovg v^o t,^v,Aj[- 
0t<SvaXi^xQ(^Qvgfi^P<iQovgyvnvovgn<o^^tv^.^ oQm/- 
tsg ovvixi, a^QmmmX^vm^if^iif^A^A ^o fiunp^^ptpif^- 
3vsa%ai,y iMiXaxovgSh xal aTtQVQPgSi^t^P djsl in* ifn^ 



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LIB. III. CAP. IV. 91 

^B^Hk^ovta^r^XQOv^^ui^ ivtwcog ijd^^^' ov2D 
^inMmav^ 'Ayijaikaog Jkslifltid-Bp^ S&tB oliihv mql 
Ai60wd^9V^QuiMX>vt€c^ad$ cM^ov^ diiidox^d* 
uvtotgiilmifVHifvjmtikivmaQ^&av; to4v4ov S^^^kia 
IMivxalaAlov4e^sv^iidtoifi$* tiMiagj 2M9ftfv* M ^ 
tovqvBodayimithg' onXtmg , ^HQMntiatf^ d^^^ini tovg Kv*^ 
if^iovg^ Miydmvst ^h ^ iiA to<ug cmo^tfSv Oiilemvet^ 
tuAtag, 7ti)Ai€^io^tv'Oc6i^ iog Bi%>vg vffi^ifvo^ti^v 
fswtoytmmikiif^iul ta%0Attat9^ti[g%m^^ oxmg av^ 
t6^ iif&twtmodpma ^n^ yvcif^ifu naQaamva- 
Sowto^iogayijavto^ifmm^ 6^yJmiH^l\^0afifvi^tavta21 
§Kh^imfU€^Aiystva'6tovmiAiv p&vXiipimm^ iJ^imixtij^ 
4fai, slg Kofiienv Shv^t^vtv^i^^tA^i xttlTO t« tt^ 
{ov>xa^8t»9rt|»tN}'9i^'irdf?i^^£^^ to 

(stxtnov' Big toMicuivSfOv mdtov natiatvfisv. o d^ 
^AyffittiOog^ij^h^svavto^ aX^ SaTCe^^sfi^stitev^di^ 
si^ tw Ik^imvov tomvivipaXs. 9tal r^^iikA^^s- 
ifug i^ ityififUagnoKt^tiov^m^^v^ ijtmj- 

dmm^Wifati^aslxe'^ tffdi^. vevtiftg ^ov^^tiSv< TtoXe^ 
(Uiouinmtg, ieal^Spk^ &Qxovt% tw ihtmo^pQQfiw sU 22 
xsv6^ftAit dtafiivti twHaictmXhvnoviifikovatq^ 
tomsd^e^ac^ ttitol di^attdovtBg tovg^tidi^-BXXiivmv 
iacoXoii^ovs^imapfiivovg^dg ^ii^ayijv noMayvg^ aitmv 
un^ewmK aiff^hbff9Pog^<> 'Jj^dinogi fi>9i9^W iki^ 
Xsw^toiig^tmtias^ oti^cifi>n4^i0mMig'€l8bvtfiv*p^ 
<9mM», i7^^6^M^q0«x«^ Hoi^ ivtmoifmi^Sfxvto^ seofiarAi}-* 
^M twv tsMfimv tiHfiifi^i S^ d^ ^^Ayi/fltkaog ftyw»- 23 
^Hmi» oti^ toHg^fv^ noXeiUotg.m&nm naq/Btfi to ni^v, 
mvtfi ih ovdhv imhj tiov n€Cff9Mtva6iUvmv^ natfiv 
^f^0ixt0^ltiii)Cliv awihpai , st dvviato. OipuyiMafKBvog 



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92 LIB. lU. CAP. IV. 

ovv tijv fAv q>dXayya svdvg rjysv inl tov$ MQjUfetDC'- 
yiiivovg tnjtiag^ ix di tSv onXvtiSv ixiXiBV^B ta dixa 
d<p* ijfiifig ^Btv 6($6a6 avtotg^ totg dh 7CBXta6%aXg alnh 
dgoiiGf vqnffBta^av. TtaQi^yyeiXs di xai totg bt^sv6iv 
ififidXXstv, dg avtov ts xal navtog tov etQatsviMctog 
24iyto^ivov. tovg (ikv d^ tTiniag idsiavxo ol ni^aai' 
iasid* aiMtTtdvtatd dstvd xaQ^v^ ivixitvav, xal ot 
fihv ain&v svd^vg iv t^ noxay^ S%s0ov^ oC d* aAXot 
Iqisvyov. ot 8 ' ''Ekkiiivsg iitoKoXov^ovvtsg atgovfih %di 
to <itQat6itsdov avtcSv. xdi otfihv %sixa<stai, &fSnsQ 
slxog, slgdgxaytivitQdfCovto' 6 d* *AyvfiiXaog xvxXqi 
ndvta xal fpikw xal ttoXifua %s^6tQatoitsdsv6ato. 
xal SXXa ts noXXd xQijiiata iXii^dijy & r[VQS nXiov ^ 
ifidonf^ovta tdXavta , xdl at xdfMiXoi, dh tots iXi^ip^'- 
6avy ag ^AytiClXaog slg t^v ^EXXdda dxijyaysv. 

25 ''Ots d^ avtfi 17 (idxTi iyivsto^ Ti66a<piQwig kfHdg^ 
8s6i/v itvxsv av &6ts '^tiSvto otIliQ6ai, %Qo8si66^€ti 
vtC avtov. yvovg 8i xal avtog o IlsQ6iov fiaotXsvg 
Tt66ag>iQVfiv attiov slvat to€^ xawog g^iQ^d^at rd av^ 
tov^ Ti^Qav6tviv xata^ijLiiag djtoti^vst avtov v^v 
xsg>aXiiv. toiko 8h mt/ij6ag Ti^Qav6trig ni^stnQog 
tov ^AyiffiiXmv nQi6fis%g Xiyovtag^ ^Sl 'AyvfiiXaSy o 
likv alttogtmv nQayikdtoyv xal vfntv xal '^fiiv ixst t^v 
8lxriv' pa6tXsvg 8h dl^i: 6s (Aiv dxoitXstv otxais, tdg 
8* iv ty ^A6itf noXstg avtovo^Lovg ov6ag tov OQxatov 

26 8a6fi6v ait^ dstoipiQStv. djtQXQwaikivov 8h tov ^Ayi^-^ 
6tXdov oti ovx av 7tOifiJ6sts taika avsv tAv otxot tsXw^ 
Hv 8* dXXd y S0g dv niidy td xaQa t^g 3t6Xsmg , /tier»- 
X<6Qri60Vj i<prij slg f^v ^aQvafidiov ^ innS^ xtd iym 
t6v66v ix^QOv tsxi^QTniMt. "Esng av toivw^ i<piii o 
AyffitXaogy ixst6snoQSv<io^ai^ 8i8ov 8^ t^6tQatt% td 
init^8sia. ixslvtp fthv d^ 6 Ttd^Qav^tiig di8&6t tQw - 



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L I B. III. C A P. IV. V. 9S 

novtcc taXavta' 6 d\ Xafidv ysi, htl xt^v 9a(fvaPaiov 
^Qvyiav. ovtt d* avttp iv t^ mdl^ tp vniQ JJTvfMjff 27 
iQXBtai ano tmv oIkoi» teiav oqxscv xcd tov vavtixov 
oTtfog yi/yvdoxoi xal xataatTJ^aCd^m vavaQXpv ovtwa 
ai^og fiovXoito. tovto if i7to£fi0av ot Aaxsdantovioi 
tou^ds Xoyi<S(i^ ^ dg d 6 avtog a^otiQ&v aQxot^ to 
t8 ststov xoXif av ^(y^vpotfpot/ alvai^, xad^* Sv ov^rig 
f^glifxvog afi,q>otiQoig ^ to ts vavtutovy ixupavvo^i^ 
vov tov Ttsiov iv^a dioc. axovHag di tavta o ^Ayti^C-' 28 
Xaog^ TtQmtov (ikv tatg itoXa^i, naQijyysUs tatg iv tatg 
vif€oig Ttal tatg ini^akaxtbitoig tQi^ijQsig xoisto^at 
O9t60ag ixdatfi fiovkoixo tmv Ttoksmv. xal iyivovto 
Ttaivaty tii ^v al t€ xoXsig inriyystXavto xal ot li^ai 
inoiovvto xap^^a^&cK^ PovXo^svolj elg 6txo0i xal ixa- 
tov. JlsiaavdQOV di tw/ trjg ywaixog ddsXq>dv vavaQ- 29 
Xov xatiiStrias , g>iX6ti[iov (ihv xal iQQcaiiii/ov f^v ilfv- 
Xqv , dnsiQotsQov d\ irot; naQaaxsvdtsad^ai log dst. xal 
JlsiOavdQog ^hvdTtsX^Av td vavtixd SnQaitsv 6 d* 
^jiyri^lXaog f SonsQ SQfii]0sVj inl triv 0Qvyiav inO' 

QSVStO. 

'O liivtoi Tid^Qavotrig y xata^a^alv doxmv tovV. 
AyriCiXaov xata(pQOvovvta tcSv Pa6i>Xi<og nQayiidtcav 
xa\ ovSa^y diavoovfi^svov dniivai ix t^g ^Aoiag^ dXXd 
^dXXov iXnidag ixovta lisydXag atQrjostv §aoiXia^ dno- 
QmvtlxQ^o totg nQdy^a6ij niiinst Ti^oxQatij tov 
'PoSiov slg^EXXdda^ SovgxQViSiov slg nsvtijxovta td" 
Xavta dQyvQiov , xal xsXsvsi nstQdo^ai nuJtd td ^ir- 
yiASta Xaiipdvovta SiS6vai tolg nQos6tijx6aiv iv xatg 
noXsOtv iq> pts n^Xsfiov iioi0stv nQogAaxsSaiiioviovg. 
ixstvog S' iXd-6v SiScaoiv iv 0ijPatg ^hv ^AvSqoxXsIS^ 
xs xal ^IHiMfiviif xal FaXaliSciQ^ , iv KoQiv^ip S\ Tiiio- ^ 
Xdip ts xal IloXvdv^siy iv^AQysi Sh KvXcavi ts xai 



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94 LIB. ra. CAP. V. 

2tQtg [Ut* ccvrov. ^Adifvaloi Si xal ov fistaXafiovtsg 
tovtov tov XQvaiov o^img n^odviioit^^av ^igtov xo^ 
iUfu>i/, * vofiliovtig ta aineSv SifXf^ftaL af#^ S^ ds- 

.yifLtvoi» ta xff^fkota ^lg %ag oiMtaQ i$iX$ig diifiakhit 
tovs<Aa9csdaqioviovs' ind Sl tavtag ^ig^itiaog avtfSv 
XQO^ayov , awiataCav %al tag iisyifftag nqX^tg XQog 
akl^i^ag. 

3 ri/yvmoxovtsg d% ot iv talg &qfiatg nQ0B6tStsg 
otL si (Mi tvg. oQi/si. noUykOv , ov% i^slr^OovCiv ot Aaxs- 
dcu[i6viov i/vsmf tag . isnovdag 9tQQg tovg 6vimLa%ovgj 
xsi^ovoi AoHQovg tovg^QTCowtiovg ix v^g a^uffi/f^ 
tfi6iitov xoiQag 0wcsva(tS7ud savtotg xjfnn^i^ tsls^ 
6aij vofiiiovtsg tovg OmKiag tovtov ysjmfiivov ififiar- 
Xstv sig v^v JoxQida. xal ovk i^v6fhn6,avy alk^ si~ 
dvg ot 9c9xstg'ififial6vtsg sig t^v AonQifia ^ckXanXor' 

46ia xjQTiiiaiia ikafiov. oiovv tisiqI tov *AvdQOxksidav 
taxv hisi6av tovg ^ffiaiovg fiofjO^stvtotg AiiXQQfgy wg 
ovx sig f^v ayLq)L6firi[t^6iyL0V^ akk\sig t^v QjMkoyov- 
fiivrjv (pikriv ts xal 6Vfi(ikaxov slvaL AoxQida^ iiffisfikfj^ 
xAtmv avtSv. ixsl di ot ©tifiatoi avtSfifiaXovtsg sig 
ti^ 0G>xida id^ovv tr^v x^Qav , ^v^g ot 0iQxstg nigi- 
nov6t XQiefisig slg AaxsSa^va xal riliiow fionfi^sti^ 
avtotg^ Si8a6xovtsg mg ovx ^Q^avxov ^noXilvyUj dkk* 

5 anLWoi/Lhvoi ^Mov inl tovg AoxQwg* > olnLivtov A^^xs- 
dam6vioi aoiisvoi ikafiov ^Q6g>a6iv, 6(c^atsvsiv inl 
tovg ^hffiaiovg , nakau OQyiioiisvoi avtotg tyg ts avtt- 
kijilfscjg tijg tov *An6kkmvog dsxatr^giv Als^isisiff xaL 
tov inL tdvJlsiQaia ft^ H^skri^ai axokovd^6ai. gitcM/*^ 
ro d' avtoifg xal KQQiv9A>vg nst^ac fMj 6v6tQ(^vsiv. 
avsfii4x^vij6xovto dk xaL mg dvsiv t iv Avkidi tiv, Idyrf' 
6ikaov ovx stmv Tcaltd ts9viiiva tsQa mgJiQQiapav ano 
tov fimiiov xal or^ ov8* sig tr^v 'A6iav ^Ayrfiikdm 6ws-- 



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LIB. in. CAP. V. 95 

6tfitivov. iXoyi^vto di xal xalov xaiQov ^vm xov 
^y&v &rgatiav iv^^ adtovg xal ^awfm t^s ^ avtov$ 
4}fi^€mg' td 'ts yagiv t§ ^JMa^^ailmg -^^piotvyixswy 
xQotovvtos^j^jnitnkdovy xal^7^tji'SASiudt ovdiva &X^ 
Xov ^XsfMv iiiTCoMv i$p£6iv l^mcc. oikm dh yi/yvaH^ 
0xov6fis t^g miXsmg t6v Aaxsdati^ovUov ipqovfav filv 
^C^ipogoi^^offvoVy }tv6av8Qxyv d' S^insfmjfav ^lgSc>" 
9fiag9a^riieiXlBv6avamovgtstovi0Gixiag&yovtumcQ^ 
'iHwiftal Ok&iovgxat -HQaxXsmtag xalMvfXUag xal 
AivUtvag slg^AXlaiytov. ix€t6s dh^ainav6aitiag,o6scsQ 
ifjLsXXsv ifysl^Q^ai^ ^wstid^sto naQifSso^ai-^Cg ^ti" 
t^v "^fiiifav^ i%mv AuxsS^Xtfiovtovg ts ^l twg aX- 
Xovg nslonowvfilovg. xal b' fikv Av6avSQog ta ts 
aXXa ta xsXsvofisva hcQatts xal XQ06itt ^OQxofw 
viovg ani6trfis 0fifia(aiv. 6 dh n€Cv6avCagj insl ta 7 
dutfiati^Quc iyivtto avt^y xa^slofjbsvog iv Tsyia tovg 
ts isvayovg SUitSfkTCs xal tovg ix t&v nsQtotxlSmv 
6tQattmtag nsQtifisvsv. insi ys fiifvS^Xov totg 9i}- 
(lalotg iyii^sto ott ifL§aXAZsv otAaxsim^tot slg 
t^ XfOQUv avtmv, nQ^g^stg' Smfti»xv 'A^iivais Xi- 
yoi^ag tids. 

^ &vdQsg 'Adip/atot, a ftlv fti(iq>e6^a (^tV\d^ ini- 8 
q>Micitiv€Ovx^Xsna nSQlvfimv iv tfj xatakv6stto€ no- 
Xifkov^ ovxoQ^g ftiftg^sod^s' ov y&Q ^^ noXigixstva 
ii^^l6ato , aAA' slg av^Q dnsv , og hvxs t6ts iv totg 
^vftftaxoi^^i^xO^svog. ots\dl naQSxdXow rjftag otAa- 
xs8atfi6ikotinlt6vnstQatdy t6tsana6aiin6Xtgans- 
in^q>t6ato j»^ 6v6tQatsv€tv avtotg. dt vfidg ow ovx 
f^xt6ta oQjHiofiivwv fifttv t(DvAuxsdat(iovt(DVy dixatov 
^at vofitp^fisv fiovi^stvvfL&g ty noXst ^fttSv. noXv d' 9 
iti ftaXXo^al^ovft&ify o6ot^tav iv aotst iyivs^d^s^ nQo- 
^fMfginltovgAaxsdatftovtovglivat. ixstvotyaQxa- 



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06 LIB. m. CAP. V. 

taifrij€avt8g viiSg ele 6Xi/ycc(fxiav xal slg fy^Qav tp 
dijfi^^ ag^ix^psvo^fCoXX^g dwdfiBi. mg vfitv 6vfi(iaxoi 
n<tQido6av v(kag tfp nXiid^sr Sate to fik^ ix* iHsivoig 

iOslvaLi^mXoiXHts^ 6dldfi^ogovto6lv(iagl6(068. xal 
(ii^voti, fiiv, (0 avdgeg ^A^vatoi^ povloi6d'^ av tiiv 
apxriv iliv %p6tSQ0v ixixtrj^d^s dvaXafisPv ndvtsg in^ 
^tdiAsd^a- tovto di ntSg (AdXXov slxog ysvi^d^at ^ sl 
uvtol totg V7C* ixsCvmv ddixov^ivoig fiofid^otts; oti dh 
noXXcSv aQX0v6Ly ft^ (poprid^Sy dXXd noXv (idXXov 
did toiko ^aQQStts^ ivdv[iov[isvoc ott xal vfistg ots 
nXsi^tan/fJQxstSy t6ts nXsi6tovg ^d^QOvg ixixtti6^s. 
dXX* S<og [liv ovx slxov onoi dno6tatsv^ IxQvntov v^v 
TCQog vfidg ix^^Qav • insl di ys Aaxsdat^6vtOL nQOv^tTf- 

II 6av^ t6ts iqyrivav ola itSQl vn<Sv iyifvtQ6xov. xalvvv 
y*j i&v (pavsQol ysvcSfisd^a ^[istg ts xal vfi,stg 6vva6mr' 
dovvtsg ivavtla tolg ylaxsdai^ovioig , sv t6tSy dva^ 
q)av^6oinai noXXol oC fLi6ovvtsg avtovg. (ogd^ dXridij 
Xiyoybsv^ idv dvaXoyC^ij^d^s ^ avtCxa yv66S6^s. tCg 
ydQ ifdri xataXsCnstav axnotg sv^svijg ; ovx ^AQystoi, iihv 

iidsCnots dv6(isvstg avtotg imdQX0v6iv\ ^HXstol ys f»qv 
vvv i6tSQfi[iivov xal x^^Qag TtoXXijs xal n6Xs(ov ix^Qol 
avtotg fCQ06ysyivfivtat, KoQiv^Covg Sh xal *AQxddag 
xal ^Axaiovg tC (pcS(isv , o? iv ^h/ t(p TtQog viiag noXi^Lqi 
^dXa XmaQoviisvoc im^ ixsCvov ndvtcav xal n6veyi/ 
xal xivdvvmv xal tc5v danavri^dtcDv jiststxovy insl d' 
inQaiav a ifiovXovto oCAaxsdaiii6viotj noCag ijf dQx^^g fj 
tiiifjg ^ noCG)v XQJJlx^dtcov nstadsdcixa6Lv avtotg; dXXd 
tovg^sv SXXcotag aQfiootdg d^iov6L xad^t^tdvaiy tSv 
dh6viiiidxc:iviXsv^iQov8vteiyVy insl sytvxv^^f^^j fc- 

13 6n6tav dvans(p^va6tv. dXXd (i^v xal oSg VfiiSv Ani- 
6tfj6av (pavsQoC sC6iv i^natfjx^tsg • dvtl yaQ iXsv^s^ 
QCag StnXfiv a^dtotg dovXsCav naQS6xiixa6iv' vno t9 



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LIB. in. CAP. V. VI 

yag tSv iQ(io(Stmv tvgawoivtai xol vno dixa «vdQtSv^ 
oSg AiS6avdQog «ats6t7i6BV iv hcd6tfj noXsi. 5 ys (x/^v 
tiig*A6tag pa6iASvg nal ta fifyi6t* avtoZg ^VfifiaXoiis^ 
vog sk to ifnSv xQav^6at vvv tl didq>oQov na6%Bi ij bI 
f»^' vfiSv xatsxoXdit/ij6Bv aihovg; nm^ovv ovx Blxog^ 14 
i&v viutg av nQo6trltB t<Sv ovtm q>avBQmg aSmoviU'- 
vav^ vvv ifUtg noXv ijdf^ (i^yi^tovg tSv ndnotB yBvi- 
(f^w; otB (ihv fttQ '^QXBtB^ tmv xata ^aXattav (il6vov 
dijnov '^Bt6^B' vvv di navtmv xal ^(i<Sv xal IIbXo^ 
xovvri6l<ov xal dv nQ66»Bv ^QXBtB xal avtov fia6vXimg 
tov iiByi6tijv dvva^tiv S%ovtog '^Biwvsg av yivoi6^B. 
wdtov fKiBv noXXov aliov xat ixsCvoig ^viiftaxoiy <og 
Vfistg inl^ta^d^B' vvv di ys slxog tS navtl vfitv i^ 
Q<o(vsvs6tiQmg ^fuig 6v(i(iaxstv ^ t6tBAaxBiai(Mvioig ' 
ovdl yaQ vn%Q vfi^immv ij ZivQaxo6liov ovd* vniQ aA« 
lotQifov^ &6nBQ tots^ dXX^ vnhQ '^(icSv a^dttSv adv^ 
itov(i,ivmv poi/idij6o(iBv. xal tovto (livtov XQV ^ ^^ ^^ 
divMy oTi f( AaxBdai(iovian/ nXsovsiia noXv svxa^ 
xaXvtaniQa icftl f^g v(iBtiQag ysvo^iivtig aQxng. V(utg 
p^vyaQ fx^vtsg vavtixov ovx ix6vta>v ijQxstSy ovtov 
di oXlyov ovtsg noXXanXa6imv ovtayvxal ovShv x^^QOV 
6xXi6(iiva)v nXBOvsxtov6u taik^ ovv Xiyo(iBVfi(istg* 
svyB(kivtovini6ta6^By mavdQsg^A^^vatoi^ oti vo-- 
Htio(isv inl noXv (isita> iya^a naQaxaXstv v(iag rg 
ifkSxiQa n6XBi ^ vg '^(istiQc^. 

'O (ihv tain slnmv inav6ato. tSv d* ^AdTjvaiayv l^ 
xi(inoXXov (ilv ^wviyoQsvov^ navtsg d' hjniKplaavto 
fiorfistv avtotg. &Qa6vpovXog dh dnoxQivd(iBvog ro 
in^(pv6(ia xal tovto ivsdsixvvto^ otv dtsvxi6tov tov 
IlsiQavtSg ovtog o(ia)g naQaxvvdvvsv6ovsv xdQvtag av- 
totg dnodovvav (isi^ovccg ii IXafiov. v(iBtg (ihv yaQ^ ignj^ 
oi6ws6tQatBv6atsiq>^ 7^(jLag^ '^(istgdiys (isd'' v(i<Sv 
Xeiiopn. Hist. 6r. 7 



yGoogle 



98 LIB. 111. CAP. V. 

17 iM%ovf^s^ huiifoi^j av fcMrit/ itp^ viuig. ot f4v ii^ 
^tffiaibi^ cczeMovtas noQaciTievdiovto wg ofimHWiitavo^ 
ol i' ^Ji^vat^ ag poif§>iieovtag. ml fi.^ ot Jmaicur' 
^vvok ovniti ifiaXXovj dlXu Uavtfmviag iiitv o ^^4- 
Xsvg imoifavato, sig vi)v Bovmiav to ta obcot^av l%Qkv 
6%^ta(vpM ml 10 in naXoTeowijaoVy nkfiv Kogiv^tok 
ovn '^noXwi^owi ct^noHg. 6 S^ jiv0awi^^ &y(ov to 
&m6 Qcmiarv Htd^OQXPC^avov xal t£v Ksct* iuatva x^ 
Qiaoi 6tQikavfiay Sp&fitovIlccvOapiavivt^^AXuiQtf^ 

l^ywdiASPtog. ijxcov & owiitc '^vxfav i%c9v avifkava ti 
cato^Aeoiadaiybovog avQdtat^y dXXa Cvv olg al%ev ^aa 
MQog to taix/oig t<Sv ^AXuicQtiaw. nal to (ikv %Qmtiyif 
haav^av avTovg atplawff^v nal avtovdfiovg ytjtva" 
od^t ^ iM^ ii tsav Giffiaiant thvhg ovtag iv t^ tal%ss iia^ 

ignciXvovy xffoaifiaXa XQog to tat%og^ aKQViSavtag 9i 
tavta ot 07iPatoL^ ^o/iaoi ipoij^ow oX ta oxXitcu, xal 
ot txicaXg, omftaQa fikv ovv^ alta Xaitovtag tov Av- 
CaviQov iatiTcaifov avwp aiva xal ala^ikavog XQOiSuxih' 
taq iigMQ9psij<fs$v vni^ava»^ aiiiXov' lovro^ #' ovv w-- 
^, otixaQatotaB%og^ (idx;iliyivato' xaitQowtiOv 
i&aiT^ seQog tag ^Xag tmt ^AXtaQticav. ind i* &uo^ 
^av^vtog AvciviQov iipavyov ot aXXok nQog to oQog, 

20 aifoxov iQQcmivciig ot &fiPatov. iog ik avca ijifi vjaav 
itciai>vtag Ttal iviSxc9Qia ts xal 6tavom)tQia vxaXiinfiar' 
vav avtovg^ vnoatQiipavtag ot imXttat 'Sixiivtki&u ta 
XiA ifiaXXov. dg ih ixa6ov aikiov^ivo^ij tQatg ol %QiS'^ 
tot xalixH toifg Xoixovg inai^Xiviov ititQovg alg ro 
xitavtagxiA^%oXk^nQi)^lkic^ ivixatvtOy itQiq>d^6av 
ot Sfifiatoh dxo tov xatdvtovg xal dnodv^0xov0iv av^ 

21 tcSv JcXaiovg 17 iiaxoatot. tavti] likv ovv ty ^ii^Q^ o2 
^fificOot ^^vftowy voiiiiovtag ovx iXdttsi xaxd M- 
xov^ivat ij xascoi/ijxivat' ty i* v^taQtUa^ iml^^ovtQ 



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L I B. m. C A P. V. 99 

€MsiinXv9'6ta9 hf Wicri tovg ts 0CMiag xal tovg aX- 
Xwg Sitarrag olxads ixd^tovg^ ht roi!«iVt; intiov dij 
i^fovovvi^t^ysyeviffi^iv^^ iieA d* av 6 Ilav&avCag 
avB^pahfito ipov t& ix Auiusdaifmfog &t(^tsviuz, itd- 
Uv av iv i$sydX^ mvdvvf i^yovvto dwtv^ nal mAA^ 
iq>a6av6ia>otiivt8xaltaxswitfftaiv tfi fftgatsvfkatL 
dvoiavtav. Agdht^iv&tsQaC^cXts^A^rpwU^iiJid^dv-^i 
tag 6vfiuucif8tt^avto S ts IlavCavCag ov nQo^ifysv oidi 
ifidxsto , ix tovtov to inh/ SijfiaCojv mXv iistiov fpQO- 
vfiiuc iyCyvsto * 6 Sh Ilav^avlag avyxaXiaag xoXsfidQ-' 
Xovg xal nsvtvpiovtiiQag ifiovXsvsto notsQov fidxfiv 
avvdmoi r} vnocnovdov iroi^ ts Av^avd^ov dvaiQoPto 
Kcd tovg fist* avtov nsaovtag. Xoyiiofisvog d' 6 Ilav- 23 
CavCag nal ol aXXoi oC iv tiXsv AaxsdaifkovCiov dg Axh- 
aavdifog tstsXevtrpimg slhj xal to fi,ei avto^ 6tfdtsv(Mc 
ffmifiivov aMMiS%nQ^noi^ xal KogCvd^un, fikv navtd- 
na6iv ovx '^xoXov9'ow aitotg^ ol Sh nagovtsg w tcqo- 
%vff,mg 6t(fatsvoi/vto * iXoyCiovto ih xdl to tnnacoi/ mg 
to fihf avtCnaXov noXv^ to Sh avtmv 6XCyov sDif^ to dh 
fkiyi6tw^ Sti ot vsxQol vno tp vs{%si ixsivtOy &6ts 
ovds xQsCtto6tv ovat dw tovg dno tw H^Qyw ^daov 
slfl avsXi6dw* dm ovv ndvta tavta S9oisv Ovtotg 
twg vsxQovg vno6n6vdovg dm^iQSt6%aiK ol niivtob^/k 
^(kOoi shtov ov* ovx av anodottv tovg vsxQOfig^ sl ^ 
iip* fts anUvai ix v^g %si^. oC ih a6(isvoC ts tavta 
4jxov6av^ )M(l dvsXofisvo^ toifg vsxQ&vg &ny6av ix t^g 
BoianCag. tovtnv Sh nQox^ivtayi/ oC (ih^ Aamsdaipd^ 
VUH ddv^aig an^av , oC Sh SfiPato^ fidXa v^Qi6ttx&g^ 
sCxsA fLixQdv tig t(Sv xmQianf tov in^fiaifiy naCovtsg 
idCamov sCg tdg odovg. avtff piv 8fj oStcfg'^ 6tQatui 
%iSv AaxsdaifiovCan^ duXfi^. 6 iitivto$ Ilav^avfagif 
inAdipCxstootxads^ ixQCvsto nsQl ^avdtov. xafffyo^ 

7* 



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100 LIB. ra. CAP. V. LIB. IV. CAP. L 

fovftivov d* avtov xal on voxB^ffiBUv Blg^AXUi^ov 
%ov Av6ivdQov^ ^vvd^iffsvog eig t^v avv^v '^fiifav 
naQicsa^ai,^ xal ott v7Co6x6vdovg aXX* ov iidxg inBi- 
Q&to tovg v&cfiovg avai,QBt6^ai , xai ott tbv drifiov t(Sv 
*Adifiv()Uayv Xapdv iv t^ TlBiQaiBl av^xB , xal nQog tov" 
totg ot; naQovtog iv vg dixjj^ d^dvatog avto^ xatsyvci- 
0971' xai S^pvyBv Big Tsyiav^ xal izBXBvtf^CB ^ivtoi 
ixBl vo^p. xaxd filv ovv tijv 'EXXdda tavt^ ixQdxdfj. 



I. Udl ^AyfjiSlXaog ixBl dtplxBto S^fiBtonmQ^ Bigt^ 
tov 0aQvdpdtov ^Qvylav^ tij^v (ikv %mQav Sxas xdl 
ixoQ^sij scoXsig di tdg itiv (Ua^ tdg d* ixov6ag %qo6b-' 

ikdiipavs. Xiyovtog Sl tov Znid^Qiddtov dg sl Sl^c 
slg f^v IlaipXayoviav 6vv avtp j tov tdSv IlaipXayo' 
vmv pa6LXia xdt sig Xoyovg al^oi xal 6v(ifia%ov noi/f^^oiy 
nQO^v^mg ixoQSvstoj ndXai, tovtov iaiSviAmvy tov 
dfpiatdvai ti idvog dxo (ia6iXimg. 

S ^Ensl Sh dg>ixBto sig f^v IlatpXayovlav ^ t^X^bv 

. ''Otvg xal 6v^(iaxiav ixoi7J6ato' xal yaQ xccXovfisvo^ 

vno pa6cXia^ ovx dvspspijXBt. nsi6avtog dh tov Unir' 

d-Qcddtov xatiXins tp *Ay7i6cXdpX>tvg %cXiovg (ihv Cn* 

^niag^ dc6%cXCovg 8s nsXta6tdg. %dQcv dh tovtatv si^ 
dmg ^Ayfi6iXaog ttp JSntd^QcSdtji ^ Eini jioc, ftpiij d 
Uni^Qcddta, ovxavdoiijg^Otvtf^vdvyatiQa} IloXv 
ys^ iqyjH^ (caXXov ij ixstvog av Xd§oc g)vydSog dvdQog 
Pa6cXsva)v noXXijg xal %ciQag xal dwdfisatg. t&ts nAv 

5 ovv tavta (covov iQQi^d^ nsQl tov yd^cov. insl SXHvq 
S^sXXsv dncivacy '^X^s nQog tov *Ayri6iXaov d6naa6'' 



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gi 



LIB. IV. CAP. 1. 101 

fLBvog. ijifliato Sl Aoyov 6 ^AyfidlXaog naQovtmv tdSv 
tifiMxovta^ fieta^rtfidfievog tov I^MS^Qiddtviv ^ Ai^ovQ 
^ot , Igyq , (D ^Otv , noiov tivog yivovg icftlv 6 JSmS^Qir- 
ddtijg; 6 8^ ilxsv oti IIsQiftSv ovdsvog ivdsiateQog. 
Tovdlvtovj ig>rij Sogawicg avtov wg HaXog i6ti\ TC 
i* ov niXXa; Hot yaQ e^xiQag Owsdsiscvovv avtp. 
Tovtov [liv ipa0^ t^v d^vyatigaavtovKaXXiova slvai. 
iV^ ^^, ignj o^Otvgj xaXii ydg iatc. Kai fyco ^ivj igniy 7 
iTtslg^iXog^^fitvyeyivijacUy ^v^fiovXsvot^* avaoiv^v 
natda aye^d^tu ywatxa^ xaXXi6tfiv [ihv ov6aVy ovti 
dvdgl ^dtov; xatQog tf' svy6V€6tdtov, dvvafitv d* 
i%ovtog toCavtijVy og V3$6 9aQvapdiov ddixtid^slg oikm 
ttiKOQettai avtov S6te ipvydSa nd^rig tiig %oipag, <og 
oQ^gy %enoirixev. ev Us^v ^iivtoi^ ^9>V9 ^^^ ScxeQS 
ixetvov ix^Qov ovta dvvatai tv^mQetaQ^av^ ovtm xal 
g>iXov avdQa eveQyetetv av dvvaixo. vofiiie Sl tovtmv 
nQax^^ivtmv yLVixetvov dv aoi iiovov xijde&f^v elvai^ 
iXXd xal ifvh xai tovg aXXovg AaxeSai^oviovg^ fjfLmv 
£' fjyoviiivmv t^g^EXXddog xal ti^v aXXriv 'EXXdda. xal 9 
fi,7jv ^eyaXevotiQcog ye 6ov j eltaHta nQdttovg^ tig av 
xote yijiieve; leoiav yaQ vvfignjv nSnote TOtfovTOi tn^ 
netg xal neXtaCtal xal oxXttav 7tQ0V7teiitl;av 060v tijv 
6^v ywatxa eig tov 66v olxov nQoni^ifevav av; xal 6 10 
"Otvg inriQeto^ ^oxovvta d\ ig>r^^ & ^AyrfiiXae^ tavta 
xal Unvd-Qvddt^g Xiyevg; Ma tovg d^eovg^ ig>ri 6 'Ayff' 
6iXaogy ixetvog inhv inbiye oix ixeXev6e tavta Xiyevv 
iym fiivtovy xaineQ vneQxaiQiov y otav ixd^Qov tvfVGH 
QayLtUy noXv fidXXov ivov doxdi ijde^d^cuy otav tv totg 
g>iXovg dyad^ov i^evQi^Tva). Ti ovv^ igyijy ov nwd^d^ll 
vev etxal ixeivtp fiovXoiivivg} taik^ i6ti\ xal 6 ^Ayri^ir- 
Xaogy "Ity igyr/y v^tg, m 'HQvnnida^ xal dvdd6xets 
uvtov fiovXfid^vav ansQ '^^etg. ot pbkv dri dvaatdvteg 12 



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102 LIB. ^Y. CAP. I. 

iii8a6xov. hcsl di dihQi^ov^ Bov^y (if^^ i^Otv^ 
Mli^f^ d$990 uaUemfiBv avtovi Ilolv y &v olfMu 
fuiXlov vxo 0OV mus^ifvai avtov q vxo tciv SXlcav 
anmvtmf. ht to^ov d^indXu i *Ay7i0tkao$ tov JSxp^ 

13 ^Qi^dmp/ ts xal tovg SlXovg. nfo6i4vtmv i* ev9vg 
shasv 6 ^HQtMntiag^ Ta ithv akka^ m ^AyffilKaBj ta 
qvi^ivta ttav ti>g (kanQoXoyohfi ; tikog Sh Idyst Ihci^Qir' 

14 datrig uav noiMv av "^Sic^g i^ti 60i doKoiij. ^EfLol phf 
tolvw^ Iqnij SoKSt, 6 'Ayti^iXaog oi fiiv^ iS Zni^Qv- 
SdtMy tvxfi aya^ d^86vai^^vt tfiv*%vyatipaj oh dh 
Xafbfidvsiv. triv fbivtov %aXSa m(f6 ^Qog ovx av dvvat- 
lu^a mig ayaystv. ^AXXa val (m AC^ Itpfi o^Otvg^ 

l^xitea&dXattcfiv q^q av nipaeovto^ sl ov fiovXoio. ix 
tovtov ds^iagSovtsg xal Xafiivtsg iTtltovtoigaxinsf^ 
xov tov^Otw. 

Kal evdvg 6 ^AyniotXaog^ insl iyvm avtov ifitsv' 
dovta^ rQuiQii nXfiQsioag xal KaXXtav Aaxsdavf^oviov 
xsXwioag anayaystv triv natSa , avtog ixl ^atfxvXstov 
ansnoQsvstOy hdaxaltafiaOtXstaffuOaQvapdipj xal 
Tcdiiiai nsffl a^^ta noXXal xal iisydXat xal atp&ova Ixov- 
6ai ta initijdsia^ xald^Qcei at(Ahvxal ivnsQiSiQyiiivoig 
TCaQadslooig^ al dh xal iv avansnta(iivoig tdnotg , jra- 

16 yxaXai. nsQiiQQSi d\ xal notanog navtodanSv tjfivcav 
nXi^QTfig. ^ dh xal td ntr^d d^&ova totg oqvi&svOcu 
dwafiivoig. ivtav^(ilv87idisxstfu)cisy xcAavto&sv 
xal oihf nQOvofiatg td imtijdsia vg OtQaxtd Xanpdv0v. 

17 xata^QOVfitixcSg 8i nots xal dcpvXdxtG^g did to fifidhv 
nQotsQov iotpdMai Xanfiavdvtcnv tciv OtQationmv ta 
imtfidsiay initvxsv aitotg 6 ^aQvdfia^og xatd to xs- 
dtov ionaQiiivoigj SQfiota filv ixiov dvo dQsnavfjipoQa^ 

18 tnniag 8% mg tsxQaxofftovg. ot 8***EXXf}vsg 6g sl8ov ccv^ 
tovnQoosXavvovtay 6wi8Qafiovmg stg sntaxootovg* 



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LIB. IV. CAP. I. lOS 

6 If ov% iiiikXfiffev ^ ikka fi^oatvflofbivos rd a^fMtvcr, 
€evtog dh 6^ tot$ tjtxewfcv ixt^sv yBp6(ievo$^ ^Atttf- 
vM ^ eeitovg hiikev^sif. ag 81 ta &p(tata iiifia* 19 
kovta du^niia^e x6 Jid^oov^ tafy ot hmetg fonifia'- 
koveogeigiiccnAvavd^novg^ otS* akkot xati^pvyov 
xpog ^jiyijtfikaov' iyyvg ya^ iTV%e avv totg oxkitcag 
Sv. ix dh tovtov t^ivjj fj tetd^vfj i^i^ aia^vitat 6 20 
Snid^Qidatfig tov ^aQvdfiaiov iv Kavg xdfiji (i^ydkji 
{ft(fatonedev6iievovy d7ti%ovta &td8ta 6g ^ipcovta xal 
ixat^v^ xal evdvg kiyet ftpog tov^HQvxnidav. «al 621 
^Hfftnieidccg isttdvikcSv kaftXQov tt igydoaad-at^ aitet 
t6v*Ayri0ikaov oitkitag te elg dso%tkiQvg Tud nektaotdg 
akkovg tooovtovg xtd tnxiag tovg te Uxtd^Qtddtov xeA 
toifg Jla^kayovag xal tiSv*Ekkijv(ov 6n6^ovg itelaetev». 
ixel M imi0%eto avtt^^ idnieto' xal Sftm deilg xaA-22 
kufffidfievog xatikvae tijv %^vaiav. ix dl tofkw iei^ 
ftvi^eavtag itaffjyyeike fta^vat ftf^ad-ev rotJ ^Qoto- 
ftiiov. 0n6tovg di yevoptivov ovd* oC fnii^etg ktd^tmv 
^Jt#oi/. on^g Sk 11% el ditotQinotto^ xatayekpev av- 23 
tov ot dkkot tQtdxovtay inoQeveto 0vv ^ el%e dwdfket. 
Sfta dh vg ^ftiQif intneoAv tig Q^agf^dlov 6tifaton^iA 
deit^j tfjg (ihv ngotpvkccx^^g avtov Mvocdv 6vtwv nokr^ 
kcl ineoov^ aitol Si dtacpevyovot^ t6 Sh otQut6ne8ov 
aUaxetat^ xa\ nokkd piv ixneiptata xa\ akka d^ ola 
^kifvafidtov xtijftata^ nQog di tovtotg oxevfi nokka 
Kol inotvyta oxevofpoga. Std yaQ ro q^opetodat (tf^ et25 
novxataotaifjy xvxkcad-e^g noktogxotco ^ &kkoteakky 
tifipiQagin^et, a4fneQotvo(iddegy xa\ (itdka icpavC- 
{flH/ tdg etQOtonedevffetg. ine\ di td i/ippHvta %^ 26 
fkota imfyayov otte Haipkay^veg xai 6 JEntd^tddtfigj 
vxo&nJ6ag'HQtnni^g taitdQ%ovg xa\ ko%ayovg A^ei- 
keto Snavta tov te Snt^Qtddtfiv xdi toifg Ilaipkayo^ 



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104 LIB. IV. CAP. I. 

vccgy Zva d^ ^XXd Mtayayov t& alxpkoXana totg Xa^pv^ 

27 QOxdXavg. inatvoi iiivtoi, taOta na^ovtsg oin ijvsyTioVf 
aXX* wg aScxTid^ivtes ^al ati^a^^ivteg vvxtog 0vcmv^ 
a^ayLevoi ^iovto ixiovtig iigSdgdsig %ghg*AqiaUyv^ 
Xi0t€v0avt8gf ort xccl 6 ^Aqvatog anofttag fia^iJ^mg 

28 iicoXiftvfiBv avt^. 'Ayij0iXda) ^lv d^ t^g amXB^ifsmg 
tov IlMJ&Qiddtov xal tov Msyafidtov xal tmv IlaipXa- 
yovcov ovdhv iyivsto fiaQvtSQOv iv t^0tqatsUf. 

29 ^Hv di tLg *AaoXXoq>dvrig Kvtwfjvog^ og xaL 0aQ^ 
vafidip itvyxavsv ix icaXaiov ^ivog mv xal ^AymocXdip 
xax ixstvov tov %q6vov S^cidTj. o^og ovv shcs XQog 
t6v*Ayfl0£Xaov mg otocto 6wayaystv avtp av slg Xo^ 
yovg jcsqI ipvXCag ^aQvdpatov, C9g d* ijxovosv avtov. 
6nov8dg Xafidv xal dsivdv icaQijv aycov tov ^aQvdfia^ 

30 tov slg 0vyxslp>svov xcoQiovj ivd^a dij ^Aym^CXaog xal 
ot xsqI avtov tQidxovta xagial iv nocf, tvvl xataxsifvs^ 
vov dvipLSVov ' 6 Sh ^ccQvdfiatog ^xsv ixc9v CtoX^^v noX- 
Xov XQV0OV dltav. wcotv^ivtcov dh avt^ tcSv ^SQa- 
%6vtc3v famdj itp* dv xa^Ctovaw ot niQ6cu futXa" 
xcSgj ^Cxvv^^QVCpfiCav^ 6QiSvtov'Ayfj6iXdovv^v 
ipccvX6tfita' xatsxXivfi oivxdi aitog Soxsq slxs X"^" 

31 luU. xci fCQiSta fikv aXXijXovgxaiQsiv XQoastnov, Snsir- 
ta tf^v ds^vdv nQotsCvavtog Tot; ^aQvafidtov dvtir- 
XQOvtsvvs xal 6 'AyijaiXaog. futd dl tovto iJQiato Ao- 

g2yov60aQvdpatog' xalyaQ^vXQsafivtsQog' ^Sl^Ayff^ 
0CXas xdl Tcdvtsg ot TCaQovtsg Aaxsdavpi4vvov^ iycS VfiXv^ 
ots totg 'AdfivaCovg ixoXsiistts^ ipiXog xat avfviiaxog 
iysv6(Mpf, xal ro fvlv vavtvxov to vfiitSQOv XVW^^ 
naQixanf l^xvQov hcolow^ ivditgy^ avtog dsco tov 
ln%ov iiax^iisvog (isd'* vficSv sig tf^ ^dXattav xatB- 
iCamov tovg TCoXsfUovg. xat dvjcXovv Sctcsq TMftfa- 
^pdQvovg ovdhv icmxoti pbov ovts uov^^avtog ovt* str- 



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LIB. IV. CAP. I. 105 

Mwtog XQbg vfuig S%oi%* av xatijyo(f^6ai. toiovtog dh 33 
fBvoftsvog vvv ovtm didxsifiai vg>* v(iuov (og ov8h dst- 
%vovi%{o iv t^ ifiavtov xsiifff^ el (iii tt mv av viistg 
UwfitB.0vXXilsofLaij &6%sqta%7iQla. a di (Mi 6 ftat^Q 
%ai obnj(uxta xaXa xal naQadsC^ovg nal SivdQcov x<d 
dTKfCatv (uOtovg natiXiTCsVj ig>' olg svip(fatv6(ifiVy rai>- 
ta navta igcS ta (ikv xataKS9co(i($iva ta Sh xataxsxav^ 
(UvcL slovv iym fii) yifvmaxa (itjts ta o^ca fnfrs td 
Sixaucj v($stg S} Siddl^ati (U onmg taik^ iatlv dvSQdv 
ixiatcc(iivf9v xaQitag dxoSiSovai. 6 (ihv tavt shcsv.Si 
oCSl tQidxovta Tcdvtsg (ihv ixjj^xvvdTiCav avtov xal 
i6M9t9(6av' 6 Sh jiyrjOiXaog XjQovtp ^ot^ slnsv^ *AXX* 
ol(UU fiiv asy flS 9aQvd^alSj siSivai oti xdl iv tatg ^EX- 
Xipfixatg mXsoi iivoc aXXijXocg yfyvovtav avd^Qmnoc. 
ovtoiSij otavatn6XsigxoXi(iiaiyivaivtaij 6vv tatg 
xatQi0$ xid toCg iisva)(iivoig %oXs(iovoc xai av ovtm 
tv%m6cvj l6ti/v ots xal dnixtswav dXXriXovg, xal i(fksig 
ovv vvv PaOiXstt^ v(isti(f^ 7CoXs(iovvtsg Tcdvta i}i/a- 
yxd6(U^atd ixsivov icoXi(iia vo(iiistv' 6oi ys (livtoi 
q>tXoc ysvitf^w, ^sqI navtog dv noiri6ai(is^a. xal sl^j^ 
fAv dXXdl^6^ai os ISsi dvtl Ssaxotov fiaaiXicog iq(k£g 
Sscudtag^ ovx dv iymyi 6oc 6wsfiovXsvov - vvv Sh 
Bis6t{6ot (U^* ii(tmv y^o^ivcp (iijSiva JCQo6xvvovvta 
(UfSh Sstfxotfjv i%ovta t^v xccQscov(ksvov td 6avtov. 
xaitoi iXsv&sQOv slvai iy& (ihv ol(uii dvtdicov slvatSQ 
t&v ndvtayv %Qvi(i>dtc;yv. ovSs (livtoi toiko cs xsXsvo^ 
^svy xivnjfca (ikv iXsvd^SQOv if slvaiy dXX ^(itv6v(i(id%oig 
%fci(UVOv avisiv (i^ t^v fia6tXicog dXXd t^v 6avtov 
di^fjvf tovg vvv 6(M>SovXovg 6oi xata6tQStp6(uvoVy 
m6ts 6ovg tacipidovg slvac. xaitov si a(ia iXsvd^SQog t 
slfig xal %Xov6cog yivoio , tivog dv Sioig (i/^ ov%l adfir- 
xav svSaifLcnv sl/vai\ Oixovv^ iffti 6 OaQvdfiatogySl 



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106 LIB. IV. CAP. I. 

aicXagviav anonQlvioiiMv &icbq noirflio\ IlQhcu fwv 
601. %^e9 tolvw j ig>fi , iav fia^iXsvg alkov fkv ^tpm^ 
tijyov ndfinfj , iiii dh vjtiiKOOv ixBhfOV TOrt^, fiovXi^^ 
aofiat viii:^ x(d q>£log xal ciif^itqcog slvcu' iav ftivtoi 
fiovv^vaQX^vjCifoatatvg^ touyvtovtk^ msSouUj ^ 
kotifiia ictlvj €^ X(ffj[ Biiivai ou 9VoAe^'4fo vfUv m 

38 av dvvmfLai aguJta. iuo^ag tavta 6 ^Afvfiihaog iXa-- 
fiBtotfig xstQog avtov atA Mbcsv^ Et^\ m Xp6t6^ cv 
toioikog cSv tpCXog viyiXv yivoio. hf i* ovvy l^, inUstm^ 
or^ vvv tB aTCstiii mg av 9vvmpm ta%$9ta i» t^ 6^g 
Xcigagj tov ta lotxoVy mv ic6XsfU>g j, Smg av i% 
aXXov i%myi.sv atQatBifscd^at , aov ts nal tSv fHSv iups^ 
li6p,s%a. 

39 Toiitxov 8h Xs%%4vtmv itiXv6s t^ '&iho8ov. fcal 
6 iaIv 9aQvdfiatog avafiitg inl tov ticnov iic^H^ 6 8i i% 
tilg naQanCtag vtog aitovy naXog itt Av^ hcoXsuf%^lg 
Kal nQ068Qafimv Sivov 6s , Iq^ , el ^AyrfiiXas , jrocoi^- 
fjiat. ^(0 8i ys 8ixo(iat. MiiiVfi^o wv j i^. nalsi^ 
^g to naXtov^ d%s 8% KaX6vj i8mKS t^ [^ffjthXd^. 6 
8h 8sldiisvogj ipdXaQa i^ovtog nsQl t^ Yn%f*I8aiov 
irotf yQaq>img ndyxaXaj nsQtsXmv dvti8m»ev avt^. 
tots fihv oiv 6 natg dvanfj^iioag in\ t6v tnnov fim- 

40 8C(oxs tov natiQa. d>g8* iv t^ toH 9aQva§J^ov ino^ 
8fifiCif anoatSQcSv a8sXq>6g tifv dQ%fiv g>vyd8a inoC^ 
fias tov tfig IlaQanCtag vt6v^ td t* &XXa 6 *Ayfi6iXaog 
iasiisXstto avtoiS^ xai ioaio^ivtog a^dtor&to^EMXnovg 
vHog ^AfhivatoVj ndvt* inoCfj^sv onatg £v ik' ^stvou 
iyxQtd-sCfi td atd8iov iv ^OXviinCa, ftiyt&cog Av t^ 
naC8mv. 

41 Kal t6ts 8ijj &6nSQ slns nQhgt6v 9aQvd§9^0Vy 
siS: sfv^g ansnoQsvsto ix f^g xmQttg- &%s8hv Sk x^ ioQ 

^8fi vniipatvsv. ag>tx6iisvog 8' stg ^Pfjg %s8Cov xcets^ 



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LIB. IV. CAP. I. II. 107 

teifov^ ntdi9id:9(f6g^$l%§ovpiUy8J(avtax6^$pMMIi^ 
niniidig at^evfuc xaQs6usvdt$to yaQ xo^fsv^o^ivog 
ag ivvatto avmtdzm^ vofi^aiv o^ioa ojM^sv m^f^ 
Caixo i^vfj navta ano^^0Bw fiaifvJiimg. 

^Ayifiiidxog lih^ d^ iv tovtoijg ^v. otdiAauidai-ii. 
fLOww, istBl aaifiSg y0^ovtotdt$%f4iMttaiiaiXv96ta 
ilg tiiv ^BKkdia xat tdg psfUttag nokUg 4wi6t^pivtag 
iad noUfiq^ ngog ktvtovg^ iv xisfivvgif xs t^v m4JUv 
iv6fu6av Mol at^atmmv dvayxaXov ^y^^avto dvoi. 
xtA ixfutol phf tavtanaf§6M€vdtovto^ ivdvg iiMaliMli 
tov^Ayvfiikaov %ifmov6iv*Emxvdt8av. oi*inda^ 
Hito^ td ts SMia ii^stto mgljdOLuaLottiinoJUgiwr^ 
otikXot avt^ (knfi^v 4&g td%iata rg naxQtdu 6 9kf^ 
^AfffiHaogind^MVOi^ XjDtXBmog (ihv ijvsyx$Vj ivdv- 
Ijkovfi^ogxtdiilmvtifmvxe^iSmviXntBto 
ofnog ih 6VfxaXi6ag tovg 6vmiaxpvg id^Xio6s ta vno 
vilg niXsmg naQayyeXXofisva , xal slnsv ort avayxatov 
stfi pOffi^Vv TQ nat^Sv * idv ftivtot ixslva xaXiSg yiw^ 
tiu , ^i; ini6ta6^s , iqni , <d avSQsg 6vfiyM%ov , oti, oi f»q 
imXdd^mpm viuSvy dXXd miXiv naQiooinu nQdimv mv 
v(Utg ista^^s. axovoavtsg ih taika noXXol fAv idd^4 
xQv6aVy ndvtsg d* iilniif>t6avto fioii^sXv pLSt* *Ayfi6tr' 
Xixov t^ AaxsicttfLOvv * st Sh xaXmg taxst yivovto , Xa^ 
fiovtsg avt6v ndXiv ijxsiv stg f^^A^tav, xidotiihfd^S 
6ws6xsvdti>vto mg axoXovdijoovtsg. 6 d' ^AyriOtXuog 
iv idv vg 'Aotif xixtiXSxsv ^|tfi/oi/ aQiA06t^ xid ipQOV^ , 
Qinfg naQ* avt^ ovx fAairroi; tstQOxuipXliav ^ Iva dv^ 
vano diaOi&isvv tdg noXsig * avtig 8\ oq&v otk ot noX* 
Xol tSv 6tQatiiotiSv fdvsiv insdvfiow ftdXXov ^ iip' 
HXXfivag 6tQaxsvs6^iu^ fiovXoftsvog ig fisXttotovg 
Kiel nXst6tovg aysiv ftsd'* ktvtovj S^Xa nQovfhpts tiOg 



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108 LIB. IV. CAP. II. 

xoXs^vv^ ^ttg aQiatov ^tQdtsVfut ^ipLXoij xaitcSviu^ 
adi)q>6gmv totg loxayotSf ootvg BvonX6tatov Xoxov 
Ixayv av&cQatsvotto nai oickveAv xal to^iotiSv xoA mA- 
taotiSv. TCQostM dh Tcal totg [7SxdQx<^9 oattg evix-- 
Tcotdtijv x(d avonXotdttpf td^iv nagifpito^ ag xol 
fitovtotg vvKfitiJQtov dciami/. triv dh xgiatv iqni noi/q^ 
08iVj iTCel dvapatviaav iu t^g ^A^tag elg t^v EvQcijefp^j 
iv XBQQ0v^6ip ) onoig ei sldsAiaav oti totfg {ftQatevao-' 

7 fkivovg dsl svKQtvstv. ^v di td dd^Xa td ph/ xXst6ta 
OTcXa ixicsxovfiftiva slg ko^imv Kal o^kitiMa koL [jcxir- 
Kd* i^av SkKoi Ctifpavot ffiv^oV td Sh ndvta a^^Xsf 
ovK ikattov iyivovto igf dxo tsttdQoyv taXdvt€9v. tch 
0ovta}v fiivtoi dvala^hnaiVy icapacoXlmv XQVC^''^^^ 

8 oxXa slg v^v otQatucv KaxsHKsvdo^. hcsl di dcifiti 
roi/ *EXXij(f7Covtov , KQittd Kaxiatriaav AaKsdacfioviaiv 
fvsv Mivaaxog xal ^HQiocnldag Kal^^OQiSuCTCogy tiSv di 
avf^iidxayv slg dycd xoXsmg. koI ^AyniaCXaog f^/r, im\ 
triv KQiatv ijcoiriasvj Ix^ ^^ &CQdxevfia iicoQSvsto 
t^v aitriv odov ipncsQ fiaatXsvg ots hci f^v *EXXdda 
iatQdtsvsv. 

9 'Ev di tovtp ot fiiv iipoQot ipQOVQav iipr^av ' 17 Si 
noXvg^ ixsVAyria^Xigjcatgici^Vj ^AQimodrni^v tov 
yivovg ovta kal nQodcKOv tov natdog^ riystad^ai z^ 

10 atQccti^ iKiXsvov. i^csl 8* i^^av [iiv o[ AaKsdavfio- 
vcocj ewstXsyiiivoi d' riaavo^ivavtloij cwsM^ovtsg 
ifiovXsvovto TCiSg av v^v fur^i^i/ avftg)0Qi6tata 6ipi6tv 

11 avtotg xoi/i^ifaivto. TtftoXaog fAv d^ KoQiv^tog iXe^ 
^sv/AXX' iitol SiMtstj iipri , co avdQsg 6Vfi^xotf ofi^tov 
slvat to tiSv AaKsSatfioviiov XQayfia o16v%sq to t&v 
jcatafitaiv. cXts yaQ srorafiol TCQog (liv tatg nrjyatg ov 
fisydXotsialvdXX* svdtdfiatotj oapd* av TCOQQOitiQm 
yivmvtat , insftfidXXovtsg stsQOt srorafiol hx^QotsQov 



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LIB. IV.KJAP. n. 109 

avtSv to (iviia xotoikft, xal ot Aaxedacfiovioc oHSav- 12 
r(D$, iv^Bif fiiv i^ioxovtai^ avtol (aovoi bIhC^ XQOrovtag 
dh xal 7CaQcclai$pdvovtsg tag noXsig nXeiovig ts xtd 
9v6iia%mt€Q0t ylyvovtat. 6q& d^ iyayyB, Sqyqy xal 6x6- 
60v cqy^xag i^aiQstv fiovXovtaCj iav fihv ixd^iovtag 
xovg <fip^xag nBiQmvtai di]Qavj vxo icoXXmv tvmop^ 
vovg ' iav d' itt ivdov ovtcov to nvQ XQ06q>iQaHft , sroe- 
oxovtag ftiv ovdivj XBiQovgiivovg dh tovg aqnjxag. 
tavt' ovv ivdvfiov(iBvog ijyovfiav XQatustov bIvcu (id-- 
XiASta [ikv iv avty^ bI dh fg/ijj oti iyyvtata tijg Aaxs- 
dalf/kovog trjv (idxriv JtoiBtOd^ai,. do^avtog d' bv XiyBiv 13 
avtov hjnitplaavto tavta. iv ^ Sk tcbqI '^yBfiovtag ts 
diBXQattovto xal dvio^Xoyovvto Blg 6n66ovg diottdt-- 
tBfS^av nav to (StQdtBVfiaj on»g fi^ Xiav fiad^Biag tdg 
tpdXayyag 7C0U)V(iBvai at noXBig xvxXioifiv tolg noXB- 
[Uocg jcaQixocBVj iv tovtcp ot Aaxsdac(i6vioc xal d'^ Ts- 
ysdtag noQscXijip^tsg xal Mavtiviag S^^g^av trjv dfir- 
fpiaXov. xal jcoqsv6[ibvol, &xsd6v tv dfia ot p^lv tcsqI 14 
tovg KoQivd^iovg iv ty Nsfiiq: ^6av , ot d% Aaxsdai(i6- 
viov xal ot 0v(i(iaxoc iv tip Eixv&vc. i(ipaX6vtcjv dh 
ccvt&v xatd triv ^EmscxtaVj to (ilv JCQiStov ix tiov 
vfCBQdB^cm/ fidXXovtsg avtovg xal toisvovtsg (idXa xa- 
xcSg inoCovv otyv^viitsg tSv dvtcndXan/ • Sg dh xati^ 15 
^6av inl d^dXattaVj tavtrj jCQoy^av did tov nsdlov^ 
ti(itvovtsg xal xdovtsg rqv x^^''^ ' ^^ ^^ StsQov (livtoi 
insX^^vtsg xatsCtQatonsdBviSavto , i(ii,nQO0%sv novti" 
0d(iBvovv^vXaQd8Qav' insl Sh nQOtovtsg otAaxsdair- 
(lovioi ovxiti dixa Gtddia dnstxov tiSv noXs^itov^ xd- 
xstvoi avtov ctQatonsdsvifd^iBvoc '^ifvxtav slxov. 

^Qdifco dh xal to nX^^d^og ixatiQon/. <fwsXiyi^6av 16 
yaQ 6nXttav AaxBdai(iovtc9V (isv sig SiaxviSx^Xlovgj 
HXsicsyv dh xal TQupvXicov xal ^AxQOfQsicov xal AafftGh- 



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110 LIB. iy# CAP.II. 

viav iyyvg tfUf%£XuH xat Siatvmvlmf nsvxotMottun xui 
tjHioij *EixtdavQic9vdhxiAT(foiiitvhwMi'Eiffuoviav 
xal ^AKUwv iyhfwtQ ovx ikmtovg^ tQiOji^JMav. ngos 
dh tovtoig hmsts yihf AaxsSaiiLOvtm/ hbqX 8^/a%o0iovgj 
KQ^tag di tciotcu iqxoXov&ow ag tQucM^ffioij xal (tf^v 
6^^dov^tai Maqfavi(ov xol Astiflvmv xoi ^Afupido" 
Xav ovx ildttovg tstQaxoaimf. 0Xui0u>t (livtoc ovn 
'^uoXov^ow insxnQiocv yaq iqM^av ijfjBiv. avtfinkkv 

17 Sri 4] fista AauBdtuyLovUov Svvcciug fjv. fj ys p^^^v tmv 
mXaiiic9v '^QoMii 'A^vaiatv iihr slg siaxuxxiJiiovg 
oTcXttag^ *A(yysUov f iXiyovto irc^l ixtaxu^x^Xiotfgj 
BoimSv d' , insl ^Ofioniivu}!, ov TcaQ^oav^ xsqI %svta^ 
xufXfJiiowg 9 KoQiv^imv ys (i^v Blg tQi0xMovg , xai fwfl 
i| Evfioiag axdaijg ovx iXdttovg tQia%iXimv. onXmaMv 
fAv dfj tooovtov' tMstg 8\ Bouxndiv fkiv^ imX 'Opx^ 
fdvioi ov itaQ^iSavj alg oxtaxo^tovg^ ^A^vatanf d* slg 
Si/axociovg , xal Xakxidiiov ttSv il^ Evfiotag sig ixatov^ 
AoxQ&v 8% t&v ^Oxowtiaw sig JCBvt^xovta. xccl iffiXmv 
8h4vv totg tmvKoQiv^toov nXiov r^*' xdl yaQ AoxqoI 
ot ^OtoXnu xdl MijXistg xdi 'AxaQvdvsg xaQ^iSav avtotg. 

18 Adtri fikv Sr^ ixatiQiov ^ 8vvafugiyivsto. otSh 
Boionol iatg [ihv to svmwiiov dxov^ ov8iv ti xoMTJfXsir- 
yov v^v Vkd%ifiv 0wdatsiv * hesl 8h ot fikv 'AdTivatoi xa^ 
td Aaxs8aiiMvtovg iyivovto , avtol 81 to 8sl^v laxov 
xatxax^AxjBUovgavtstdx^aav^ svdvg td ts tsQa xa-- 
Xd iq>aiSav slvai xal naQ^siAav xaQoaxsvdtsfP^ dg 
f*«OTff itfOfUvfig. xal XQmtov fikv diisXiioavtsg tov sig 
ixxat8sxa fiad^stav jcavteXmg i%ouli6avto v^v ipdXay- 
yay iti 81 xdL ^yov ixl td 8sl^uij Snmg wcsQixoisv t^ 
xiQatc tmv mXsfUav - ot d' 'A^rivaXOij tvayuif 8monci^ 
69siri6avj ixijxoXovd^oWy xaixsQ yiyvmOxovtsg oti 

l9xiv8wogslrj xvxXad^^ai. tiag pih/ ovv otAaxs8av- 



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LIB. IV. CAP. II. 111 

fumo^ ovx 'g6%uvovto %Q06i6vxayv tav nokB^Uayv * xal 
yoQ ^v kdam^ x^ %(oqCov * iitd d* ixccidvi6av^ tdxs d^ 
fywBitav^ Kal Bvd^g dvtacaQiiyyHlav aaavtag dm^ 
eKSvd^6^m ag slg ^Mpjv. insl 9h ^wstdjfinioav mg 
htdistovg ol i^ayol Stal^^ na^fv^yyvf^^av f^i/ dw- 
Xw^stv t^ ifyov^v^^ ^yov dh xal ot Aansdaijkoviov 
ini td ds%id^ wd ovta> nokif vnsQitst/vov v6 xiQag 
Scts tmv ^A%^vaUov aC ^v S{ g)v3ial mtd tovg Aans- 
daiyLOvCovg iyivovtOy at dh tittaQsg xatd Tsysdtag. 
ovotiti^d^ etddtov dns%6vtmv^ aipayiaadfksvoc otAa-^Q 
)$eikui»6vvoL tg ^AyQotiQtf^ S^nsQ^ vofitistavy t^v ^t- 
aatQav^ iffovvto ini tovg h^avtiovg^ to vxsQi%ov hcir- 
xdfMinxvtsg sig wixkoM^v. insl ds evvifuificv, ot fiiv 
Skioi cvpviucxpi Ttdvteg ot t(5v Aaxsdai^viayi/ ixQati^'- 
d^jfWV «flsa twv ivavtianfy Jlskk^vstg & xatd Bsamiag 
ysvofuvot i(m%ovtd ts xal iv %QiQff inimov sxatiQOiv. 
avtol dk ot Aaxedtapi^ovMt o6ov ts xmi^xpv tmv Idd^-- 21 
vaimv ixQdtTjCavj xol xvxka}6d^i^0i ttp V7tSQi%<^vti 
neJAovg dnixtsvvom avtcSv, xdl ats d^ dna&stg ovtsg, 
6wtstayyLivoi inoQSVovto * xal tdg fbkv tittoQag ipv-- 
idg tnv^A^TfvaUov n^lv ix t^ dtcH^sa^g inava%piQ^0ai 
noQ^^kd^ov, S^ts ovx dnid^avov avtSv nkiqv st tig iv 
t^^vfkfiok^^vno Tsyssmmv' totgd^ jiQysioig imtvy- 22 
%dvov6iv ot AoicsdcuiMVMi dva%afQO\kfij xal (likkov'- 
tog tov nQt6tov noksfidQ%ov ix tov ivavtiov ^v^fidk- 
ksw avtotg^ kiystai aQa t%gdva§oii<imnaQshfavtovg 
nQmtovg^ mg dh tovt iyivsto , naQa^iovtag Sri nai- 
ovtsgsigtd yv^vd nokkovg dnixtsi/iMw tcvtiSiv. ins- 
kdfiovto difxal KoQvv^isev dva%csQ0vvtmv. hi d^ ini~ 
tv%ov ol Accxsda^ioviot xal tSv @fifiaia}v tialv ava" 
XOiQoikHv ifx tfig iml^scig , xol dnixftsavav 6v%voifg av^ 
xmv. tovtmv 8i ysvofiiva)v, ot '^ttdiMsvot to (ihv23 



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112 LI B. IV. C A P. n. ffl. 

nQmtov i^svyov icqos ra tslxr^' huim i* Blfl^vTmv 
KoQtv^Cmv %aXw xats6xijvffiw sig to oQxatov ^tQa-- 
toicsiov, Aa%sdaifi4vioi 8* ai inavaxa^catreeg^ Mhi 
t6 ngStov tot$ noXsftioig 6wd(iiiav^ i&pijoavto tQo- 
aaiov. xal avtij fikv dfj ^ ^uixiq ovta^ iyivsto. 
ni. V> ^ 'Ayfjodaos onsvdmv iihv ix vijg ^Aaiag ifioij^ 
d^si ' ovtc 6' avttp iv 'AfMpixoXsv ayyiXXsv AsQxvXidag 
oti vixpiv ts av Aaxsdaifiovvoi^ xtd avtmv ikkv ts^ 
dvdvat oxt ci^ tdw 8h noXsftCarv TcaiiitXfid^stg ' ^Xov di 
otv xal trnv €v(i[idxaiv ovx oXCyov nsntantotsg slsv. 
2iQO(isvov dh tov ^Ayfi^tXdov^ ^Aq* av, mAsQxvlidm^ 
iv xai4f^ yivoitOy sl al6vp,ni(i>fiov6ai idXsi^ iifttv tovg 
tStQatvatag f^ vCxfiv mg tdxi^ta nvd^oivto; dnsxQi^ 
vato dfi 6 AsQxvXidagy Ei^iiotiQOvg yovv stxog 
tavt' dxov0avtag slvai. Ovxovv cv , insl fcaQsyivoVj 
xdXXiiSt av anayysiXaig; 6 di aaftsvog dxov6ag^ xal 
yaQ dsl q)iXafc6dfiiAog ^v^ shcsv , Ei 6v tdttoig. *AXXd 
tdttOj igyri, xal nQOffofcayyiXXstv xsXsfio) ott idv xai 
tddssvyivf/tai, ndXtvnaQSCofis^ay mtsnsQ xtii bpa-- 

3 nsv. 6 iikv iff AsQXvXidag itp *EXXijtJn6vtov nQtSttnf 
inoQsv^o* 6 8"AyfitfiXaog diaXXd^agMaxsdovitxv sig 
BmaXCav dtpixsto. AoQiaatoi fthv ovv xtdKQawti^ 
viocxal£xotov66atocxal9aQ0dXiOi^ tfvfifiaxot ovtsg 
Boitxnotgy xal ndvtsg Sh@sttaXoiy nXipf o6oi avtAv 
qyuyddsg tdt* itvyxavtyv^ ixaxovQyow avtov inaxth- 

4 XovO^ovvtsg. & dh titog fikv ^ysv iv nXaitfip to tStQa-- 
tsvgiay tovg ^qgii^sig fihv iiinQO^d^svy tovg rifUtssi^d^ 
in* ovQa ^nv t&v [nnitov insl d* ixtoXvov v^g nth- 
Qsiag ot BmaXol insXawovtsg totg onie^svy nticQa - 
nifinsi in' ovq&v xal to dno tov tft6iitttog tnnixov 

5 nX^^v ttSv nsQl avt6v. tog dh nttQstdiavto dXX^J^Xotg^ ol 
(ihv BsttaXol vo(ti6avtsg ovx iv xaX^ slvai nQog ttwg 



Digitized,^y VjOOQIC 



LIB. IV. CAP. m. UJ • 

6iktcogS$xiAt$pw.^4pTctvw^ ttifimvxovg mfi avtop 
fsitka dtpiA&tovg Jmtiagy tuA itcAfi^ zo9g irt SUotg 
ittcjtftCfySll^i,vittcl avzo^ ^wmsv mg ^^i^ffOoM ntSi yifl^ 
xin d&»i/av aitfilg ^f^MHrfofM^. ol ih ^wtaiol mgl 
stdoPTtaQicdiffitptAa^&tfTagj oCpAv>aAvavm8* avi^ 
&t(f^aVj oHlkitse(fcipevoi t&iko «rowtt^, ukayiiaoe. S%ov^ 
vsg ro^lht/tmg i^xoim). Ih^ffKQftog^vto^ o Aa^ 8 
ei^tog btiucQxiBvM^tff^it^ inel^aXopcvD? 4vv ti^ 
H^^ ahtffv aitd^hf^nfst. ^g 6h my&v* iyivno^ ^f>nf^ 
tSv *0ettttMv Igtttar^ ytfvmtr SatB ot fAv wad' 
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MtA Ttfts fih^i^ o 'Jtyfi^llabg tQoniatovt' J^ti^oato fic^ 9 
taiv Ilffavtog xal NaQd^axlov^ hcA avtov iitstvB^ pcuUe 
il86ptPogtSlQyC3^ StiToi^gpdy$otov 'q)Qovo'6vtmg inl 
titytixi^ IVBViicijan tfvv ^ -oMg ^wi^^w txxm^ «g 
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t^v Xot»t^vl^StiHcv 8c& ipcUag imyQS^ito pi%Qt leQmg m 
BcfcmrSh/ oQta. 

yhrtog 9' xxvtoif ivtl t^ '^o^6 qAtog fM^m^? 10 
IdoXs ipav^vaij xAl "^yyiX^fi Stc ^ttifitivot dsv jiane^ 
dabfjtdvioi fQ vav^axlcf, xol 6 vavaQ%og liel&aviQog te^ 
dwttij. iKiysto dh xcel ^ tQomp ^ vavfutxta iyiveto. 
shmt fthv yaQ nBQl Kv^ov tov ixixlow aX^Tiotgjll 
0aQvdpaiov dh vavaQ%ov Sme 0vv xatg 9onfiMtc&g 6^- 
fffl», Kovanm 91 to "^hiwHOv >S%oPtu temtj^at Sfh' 
MQO^Bv cdtoif. ivtmaQotcdl^ftivov 91 tovHet^v-li 
BqoVj "aaXitolXif iXattivaiv avta ttSv vBdtv ^pavetttmv 
xwiv of&tov mH fteta Kovmvog 'EXXvivtQiov , tovg filv 
axo tov evmvvfiov Ovfxftdxpvg svdvg avtip fpevyetv^ 
Xraoph. Hist. 6r. A 



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114 LIB. IV. CAP. m. 

avrov dh cviHAil^avta roft noXeftioiS ii^fioXag i%ov0ii <g 
tQi^QBi XQOS nv rnv ftoo^i/a^- nal Tovs fiiv aAAovg 
ooov elg xriv y^v HsdiSd^riifav axoki.n6vtag tag vavg 
acit66»ai onri Svvaivto sig t^v Kvidov,^ avtov d ixi 

13 rg vrjl ^axoii^svov dno^avstv. o ovv 'ArnaOaog 
xvf^oiiBvog tavta to ^ nQ(&tov xaXsnmg ijvsyxiV' 
insl (livtoi ived^fi'^ oti tov CtQatBviiatog w nUl- 
atov sHrj avt^ olov ayad^mv ^^v yiyvotiivmv n^img 
H^ixsiv, Bl8iti%aXsn6voQ^sv, ovx &vdyxnvdvai, 
xoivfDvstv aitotg, ix tovtov iistapaXmv iXsysvagay^ 
yiXXovto 6 (ihv DsCaavdQog tstsXsvtrixmgj vix^^ di tp 

14 vav^a%ia, afia 8h rawa Xiycov xal ifiovd^sv Cigsv- 
ayyiXva 'xal noXXotg dvins^ns tmv tsdviiivmv^ aCts 

'dxQofioXvafiov ovtog nQog tovg noXsfiiovg ixQotfi^av 
ol tov 'AyrifSiXdov t^ Xoyp cig Aaxsdai^ovimv v*- 
xdvtfDv ty vavfia%ia. ^ ^ 

15 ^Haav d* ol in^v dvtitstay^ivoi tS Ayn^iXaf 
Boicnoi, 'Ad^nvatoi, 'AQystoi^ KoQiv%u>i^yiiviavsg^ Ev- 
fiostg^ AoxQold(Aq)6tsQov' 6vv'Ayri0vXdcfi ShAaxsiai^ 
fLovlmf iiLkv (lOQa n ix KoQiv^ov Siafideay ^ftwJv di 
fioQag rns 4 'Oq%o^svov^ hi *' ol ix Aaxsdalikovog 
vsodafiddsig 6vOtQatsv6dfisvoi avt^y nQog 81 tovtoig 
ov "HQvnniSag ilsvdysi Isvvxov^ hi 8s ot dno t£v iv 
tfi 'Aoiff noXsav 'EXXriviSmv^ xai dno tmv iv ty EvQio^ 
njiooag Svvdv naQiXafisv avto^sv d\ nQo6syivovto 
inXttav "OQ%o(iivvov xal Oancstg, nsXta6tai ys n^v 
noXv nXsiovsg ot^sx 'Ayn^vXdov' tnnstg if avnaQanXn- 

16 6VOV dfL(potiQOvg to nX^^dx^g. n fi^ Sn Svvafug avtri d^- 
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vsto ova ovx dXXri t6v y iq>' nfiSv. 6vvy6av filv yoQ 
slg to xatd KoQtovsvav nsSiov otfilv 6i)v^Ayn<ivXd^dno 
t(w Knfpi^ov^ ot 4i 6vv ®12/Ja6)es dno tov 'EXvxAvog, 



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L I B. IV. C A P. Ifl. 115 

mIxb f 'Ayi^aiXaos fihv deivov tov fist' avtov, ^Oqxo^i' 
• vioi d* atnm ia%axoi ij<yai/ tov bvodvviiov. ot tf ' av 0ij- 
liatm avtol fihv dsliol '^Cav^ ^AQystot if a^dtotg t6 avd^ 
wiiov elxov. 6wi6vtcnf Sh titog ^h/ acy^ nokk^ an^ «(*- 17 
q^otigcov ^v rjvCxa if aicslxov dXXijXfOv o6ov dtaSiov^ 
aXuXd%avtBg ol 0ripatoi, igoiip ogioae ig)SQOvto. mgdh 
tQimv iti nXi^Qcyv iv fiiijm ovtoiv avteliidQaiiov a%o 
v^g 'AyriavXdov tpdXayyog <dv ^HQiTNcidag ilievdyei xal 
aifv avtotg "Icaveg xal AioXetg xal 'EXXijaTtdvtioty x<d 
ndvtsg ovtoi tc5v awexdQaiAOvtiBV te iyivovto xdL 
elg doQV dtpixoiievoi hQeifav ro xa%'* avtovg. ^AQyetoi 
fiivtot ovx idi^avto tovg neQl jdytjafXaov^ dXX* itpv- 
yov ixl t6v'EXLx<5va. xdvtav^a ot fiiv tvveg ttov |^ 18 
van/ iateq)dvow ^diy rov ^AyriaCXaov^ dyyiXXev Si ttg 
avt^ ort ol 0riPatoi, tovg'OQxofievCovg iiMXO^avteg iv 
totg axevog>6Qoig etijaav. xal 6 [ihv evdifg i^eXCIiag 
tifv q>dkayya r^yev iic^ avtovg • ol d* av 0fifiaJ:oi dtg eh- 
dov tovg au(i(idxovg nQog 'EXvxtovv neg>evy6tag, dta" 
neaetv fiovX6fievoi nQog tovg iavtmv^ avanetQad^iarteg 
iXfOQow iQQmfiivcDg. ivtavd^a d^ ^Ayr^aCXaov dvdQetov 19 
(ihv i^eativ ^inetv dvaiikq>iafifit7Jtci^g' ov ^ivtov e%Xet6 
ye td daq>aXiatata. i^ov yaQ avttS naQivti tovg SuC" 
nCntovtag dxoXov^ovvti ^j^^t^iovcrO-ttt rot;^ oni6^ev, 
ovx inoCr^ae tovto , dXX^ dvttfiitconog awiQQaJ^e totg 
SriPaCoig' xal avfifiaXovteg tdg danCSag icod^ovvto, 
ifidxovtOj dnixtecvov^ dnidvrjaxov. tiXog Sh t(Sv 
SrifiaCmv oti$hv dianCntovav nQogtov ^EXixmva, noXr- 
Xol Sh dnoxGiQovvteg dni&avov. inel d' ^ (ihv vCxri 20 
IdyrfiiXdov iyeyivritOj tetQcafiivog d* avtog nQoaevij- 
vexto nQog t^v q>dXayya, nQoaeXdaavtig tvveg tmv te- 
nicov Xiyovavv avt^ ort ttav noXefiCcDv (og oydoijxovta 

^vv onXocg vnb t(3 vem elai^ xal '^QcitcDv tCxQ'^ noietvJ 

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116 LIB. IV. CAP. m. IV. 

21 X^6 kal m^tv bik itk. i:6iis (i^ i^ , iiiA yAp it^ 

nmWi; mxfftit^ m^mc^ai ^ iitixm ^ w^- 

iag ^§i ^y^ x^ ^ig lciS%rii&g jtih^tcg htHim. Wl bf 

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^StiWt^ iSkbimi 9>i^i>di>^i kicl ^i^dattbg^^^ 
JiX^^g Si^li^iis^ ViJciti^ ^S^ikV^ xadg^ifim^ 
€Si^»vb$^ &6k iXiitib ikdiov idjmim' m«9l ^ 
ndXiii(t(fx6i f;(ibi/ td ^^M^i^ J^^^S^^ «^ ^Mk 

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^g 8'itAiWv UA^kmtt^vii6iimiiifm^ygk&8id' 
l^sg kcttipaXdv xthfog^ hc ib^bij okim»i/ ph/^dik- 
iPa ihcilkbXchi^&uVy tx 9i iSi; iitsifd^ificdh/ ifiaXXov. 

23 ol ^' ik)^i^»dtv ^ k<d iitQ&g to (ftftAv ittSkHv * inA 
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£7ecc(fttktc5v, ot (ilv kataXev&^vtsgj ot di xal^ficiv' 
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6tQat07eiSdv SstTtvovvtsg^imvSvvsv&tcV Sv STiiiivt^ 
djtoXied-at. 

IV. Msta toHtd ys fi^^v 'a<ps£9fi f^^^ kdta ii6X$tg t6 



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L 1 B. IV. C A P. IV. 117 

ovg^, of ^6ftft:9^ af«i/|iaii5t(fj?o> i)e^^ «^«^$ <«^ 

^xnm^^ v4p( w« ^p^^^^vf^f^m^m mPimtf»Q^m 
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^iffpvff^ «V P9m^ ^f fv ^y !^ ff}^9«^ pm i^^^fg^ 

dfic^adiim^ ^4 ii^n ^«m ^o^ f*^i/ ^ivf m^nwsm 

iv ^y^ip» T^?' ^ W#^#««of^i ^W *^ «!f« # %43P«(fe 

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m^S' iv^ *« 9f «yoiWflWPafpf ^ ^a^t^a^v p^^^^y 

Wb ft^jpi^tffpv ^ g;g9( fpSf tj^qgtf' ^iff ^ioy^ aff^ 
i^W^v «^o^^i^o^y, vpfi^pv *' ffV^04«^Wi <??9ft9- 

d* oil^ra) ttav itw XQs^pvtiQaw nolXol' imX3\,ov yaff 



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118 LIB. IV. CAP. IV. 

hv%ov iv ty ayoQ^ ovtsg * ot di vsoitiQovj vxomevow' 
TO^ UaiSiiMJXov t6 i/bikkov insod^aiy fi<SvxCav i^xov iv 
tp KQavsip. 6s dh f^g XQavyiqs 'gcd^ovto^ xal qfsv^ 
yovtig twsg ix tov XQayftatog dq)£xovto TtQog avtovg^ 
ix tovtov dvccdQa(i6vt£g xatd tov ^Axqoxoqiv^-ov^ 
nQOOfiaXovtag (ihf ^AQysiovg xal tovg aXlovg dxsxQov- 
hcavto' fiovXsvoftivmv dht( XQV ^outv^ nintsi to xio- 
XQavov dno tov xCovog ovts asio^ov ovts dvi^v ys- 
vofiivov. x<d ^^vo^ivotg dh toiavta ijv td IsQa aots oi 
ykdvtsvg iipaiSav aftscvov slvac xata^alvsiv ix tov x^ 
Qiov. xtd TO fikvnQtotovag q)svi6(isvoc iloa tijgKoQi^v- 
^iag dnsxdQfiiSav' insl dh xal ol ipiXov avtovg insid^ov 
x<A (tfltiQsg iovaai xal ddsXipai, xal avtiov dh tav iv 
dvvdfLSi ovtiov ijiSav oC Oftvvvtsg t^t<f;|ri/oihnro ^ijdhv 
XaXsnov avtovg nsCosad-ai^ ovtm drj d7C^W6v ttvsg o^* 

6 xads avtmv. OQtSvtsg Sh tovg tvQavvsvovtag, aia^a- 
v6ftsvoi dh dq)aviio(jLivriv f^v %6kiv did to xal oQovg 
ivsiSTediS^iU xcct ^AQyog dvtl KoqCv^ov f^v natQiSa 
avtotg ovoykdise^aiy xal noXitsidg fikv dvayjtai^fisviH 
tr^g iv "AQysi, (istixscVy i^g ovdhv idiiyirvoj iv dhtj noXsi 
HStoixiDv IXattov dwd^LSvoL^ iyivovt6 tvvsg avtiov 6i 
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t^v natQiday ScfnsQ ifi/ xal il^ dQx^^g, K6qlv^ov xoiij^ 
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yiatiDv dyad^iSv oQsyoftivovg d^isnaivotdtTig tsXsvf^g 

7 tvxstv. oinro) d'^ inixsiQsttov SvSqs dvoy IlaaiyLrikog ts 
xal *AXxifiivrig^ diadvvts 8td ^fifUKppot; avyysvia^ai 
IlQaiftif t^ Aaxsdav^oviiDV noXs^QXP^ og itvyxavs 
listdtrjg iavtov (L^Qag ipQovQiDV iv Zixviovv^ xai shcop 



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LIB. IV. CAP IV. IW 

Sti dvvmvt av fcaQaaxeZv avtm st6o8ov alq xa uaxa-^ 
tslvovta inl Ai%cu,ov tsCxq. 6 di xecl ngoad^sv yiywi-- 
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&v8qb xal xata tvxrjv xcct xax im^iXsiav fysviiSdfiv 
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i&niXBVy ovtm di} Sxav 6 IlQa^Ctag iQXStac tijv ts iio- 
Qav xalJSiMvmvCovgxalKoQiv^CavoiSoc g>vyii8sg ovug 
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vog tiiv st6o8oVy ifiovkr^^ tmv nufttSv av8Qa sCani^ 
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tiog anXiSg ans8siiatriv SiSts 6 sinsXd^Av i^yysvXs 
navta slvai a86Xci>g ohinsQ iXsyinpf, ix toiitov tf'9 
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li^Xcov naQatattoyksvov oXCyoi iavtotg i^oJ^av slvcuy 
iStavQci)(Aii t inovqiSavto xal tciipQOV olav iSvvavto 
nQo avtiovj soig 8^ ot 6V(&(ucxot PorfitjciKsv avtiitg. ^v 
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piv inl tip 8sii^ iavtcjv^ UvxvcovCovg 81 ixofkivovgj 
KoQiv^Ccov 8h tovg ipvyd8ag mg nsvtipcopta xci 
ixaxov nQog tp icpcp tsCxsiy dvtitdttovtai ixo^svoi 
vot)' ii^ov tsCxovg otnsQl ItptxQatri futfO^o^opo^ nQog 
dh tovtoig ^AQystov svdw^ov 8* slxpv avtvtg KoqCv^ 
^ioi ot ix trig noXsmg. xataipQiyinliaavtsg 81 1^ ni^si 10 
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md ixst noXkovg avtiSv anixtsivav liaeC^axog Sh 6 
tnnaQuo6vqg^ l%cav tnniag ov noXXovg^ mg iciQa tovg 



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120 LIB, IV. CAP. IV. 

S$mw9viov^iuatqiibivavgj uataS^Mg iw &Mlgmptov$ 
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Mon, oiX^xal xofmxatwi^k^mi. vfi aU4Xmfv anamvi' 

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oH* ^iiiifiepto mm Sv. tro ymf iyj^iQH^^mi' Wtotg m^ 
UfUmv mX^ihos mafolhif^hmVf ixM^lnvikihmf^ta j^itfi- 
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LIB. IV. CAP. W. m 

^twy ^mv U9mty t^w i^si^uvxo cfiw^v^ v^f^fim' 

hwffmrt^. f/L9w ^ jqIvvv tovto oi [$iv KQ^ivQ^iail 
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d' &v€U4i^m TO 0%Qa%m^m n^%mM 4^^«9<V| ^l tffr 
oa %go0§nimi %Qm&H nik» SiF^^^mw^ i;KWU 9\ K^npff- 
fkxmvfi. atoj iv %ovxQi^ tote t^(ffi0i «(nraf Tq><¥g ^qov- 

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tva qiQOVQ^ov Btm %qq riig ifiMfi^tQts0V{!l4f4l(/Qi<9^ QV%fO 

diaipnn$ to 0%Q4%ivi^u^ ml «VTQf tflH' i7A4^^^9cc(iikQm 
in^Qsi,. 

*Eh 81 %Qv%Qv c%Qii^%wl (j^iv n^^yfiXfii^iHfiptiQm^ ^^^14 
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alfi Kiiff^v^QVy dt 9^ §1$ Si^vmd^^ iipvlf^%%QV w %^(jpi ' 

^i^d-oipQQQVS ys ft^v htd%(Q04^ i](,QV%§f i(tPi %QV%m ^ip- 
gmfiivws inoXinQw. 

'TSvd-a di7 xat ^lipixgdtiiis sIq 9Xiovvtiit ii^§ficXav Tud 15 
ivsdQSV^d^svog^ oXiyoig d^ XsfiXatav^ ^i^^aiivtiav 
tSvix t^g noXsiog ciq>vXiixtiogy anixtBivs tQ0ovtovg 
mots xai tovg Aaxsdaifiovlovs nQ^c^sv ov dsxonsvoi 
slg TO tstjflg ot 9Xia6ioiy ^ofiovi/LSvoL ji^ tQvg q^daxov- 
tag ini Xaxmvt0np ipsvysiv xatdyQUVp tots ovtia xat-- 
snXdy^aav toifg io^KoQivd^ov Sots (istsnifi^avto ts 
toig Aaftsdaiftoviovgj xal tijv noXiv xal v^v pixQav 
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122 LIB. IV, CAP. IV. 

idoxsi ii noXiq^ iiHX^ov xal rriv noXiv %al rovg vofiovg 

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to mXitixov olxaSs dnr^yaysv, 

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l^vtog 'AyrjaiXdov ii^ dQ^^^g ndXtv "la^itia. xal ixsivp 
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SQUttov KQog To Satv^ dg nQodidoiUvrig f^g n6Xsciig 
mats otKoQivd^voi dsiaavtsg 9i'ti nQoitdoho vno twcnv a; 



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124 LIB. IV- CAP. V. 

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LIB. IV. CAP. V. 125 

(ihf tmv ttpayiiav fj^av^ 9tDc<fadoihmt 'ctihoi^i tot^ 9>ti^ 
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vsTCQol&vjjQtiiiivot stri^av. 6 S* insl rowo fjxov^B^ d4- 
6%at xsXsv^ag ta SnXa xal oXtyov xQovov avanav&agy 



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126 LIB. IV. CAP. V. 

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xal xovg ®ri§aliov ftivxoi nQia^sig slg iihv x6 aOxv ovn 
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naxiQsg ^ ddsXipoC' ovxoi d^ SonsQ vixfifOQOL XaftnQol 

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idv xs axQaxonsdsvdfisvoi xvyxdvioiStv idv ts aXXiog 
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d\ 0VV ty tiov onXitiav xal ty tiov tnniiov (ioq^ no' 
Qa tifv noXiv tiov KoQiv^Ctov tovg ^A(AVxXaCovg nuQ^" 



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LIB. IV. CAP. V. 127 

yw. kcBl dl inBt%Qv o6qv stxo6iv IjtQuixovta 6tu8lov^ 12 
to^JkmAvo^y 6 fihf xoXiiucQXogifvv tolg onlitacg ov^ 
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nQmifk^siav tovg^AftvxXaiovg fti%Qi oitooov avtol xs- 
Isvouv, (jLStadidxsLV. xal on fikv noXXol rj^av iv ty 
KoQivd'^ xal 7CsXta6tal xal onXttai ovShv i^yvoovv' 
xatstpQovow dh dui tag ifinQO^d^sv tv%ag (ii^diva av 
im%siQij6at 6fpi6vv. ot d' ix t(ov KoQtvd^ifov tnv a6ts- ^^ 
a^j KaXXiag ts 6 ^lnnovixov^ tmv ^AdTjvaiayv onXitSv 
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xad^oQfSvtsg avtovg xal ov noXXovg ovtag xai iQij($ovg 
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int^i^d-at avtotg t^ nsXta6tixa. sl fiiv yaQ noQsv^ 
oivto ty odp^ dxovtiioftivovg av avtovg sig td yviivd 
dnoXXvod^ai * sl d* ini%siQotsv dtcixsiv, ^qtdimg dv dno- 
fvystv nsXtaOtatg totg iXaq>QOtdtovg tovg onXitag. 
yvovtsg Sl tavta i^dyovou xal 6, (ikv KaXXiag naQi- 14 
tais tovg onXitag ov noQQO) t^g noXsmgj 6 il *Iq>iXQd-' 
ti^g Xafimv tovg nsXta6tdg inid^sto ty (i^QCf. ot dh Aa-- 
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ds xal insntsixsi^ tovtovg (tlv ixiXsvov tovg vna6ni^ 
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TVly ottsix tov ivavtiov ndXtv r^x6vtiijOV xaL aXXot 
ix nXayiov naQa^iovtsg slg td yv($vd. xal sv^g (ilv 



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128 LIB. IV. CAP. V. 

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sts tas^ytokstSy togll* iS^^vavo itQtaaltaxa ^QplSttQ. 
mcQa Sl Ma^VBtav ^ ^Q%cfiJCBVKrij S^Qdttov AvaotScq 
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LIB. IV. CAP. V. VI. 129 

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lUitL d^ed^aOd-aL. ix tovtov dliidXa xal taXXa ixBtvy-- 19 

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JcaQiovtsg ix Sixvcovog dtd trjv fqgpQQag dvatvxjCaVj 

dXXd %aQanXiovtsg xal ivtsv^sv OQ(i<6iisvov n^Qd-- 

yftata slxov ts xal naQStxov totg iv t^ a0tSL 

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xaXaiov AltmXCag ijif, xal noXltag nsnoirntivov tovg seiT 

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slvav. TCisiofibsvoi ovvyn^ avtmv oC ^Axaim jtQiefistg 

nifinov6iv sCg tiqv AaxsdaC(iova. oC d^ iXd^ovtsg iXS" 

yov oti ov dCxaia nd^xoisv vno ttSv^AaxsdaiftovCcDv. 

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taOta d* iXsyov vnansiXovvtsg totg Aaxsdav(iovCoi^ ^ 

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QOt^ xal ty ixxXri6Ca dvayxatov slvac 6tQatsvs6^ai 
Xenoph. Hist. Gr. 9 



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^AxaQvavag lipvyov slg ta a^tti^ navta d\td /}(Myxiffia- 
ta dns%iiQfi68 noQQm^ onag fi^ aXt^xrircu vno tov 
(ftQatBviiatog. 6 J' ^Ayfj^tXaog inBidri iyivsto iv totg 
6Qtoig riig noXsi^tagj ni(ifag $tg IkQatov nQog ro xotr- 
vov tSv *AxaQvdvmv ilnsv dg st iifj naviSd(iSfH)i t^g 
nQog Botanovg xal *Adrjvatovg 6viifta%tag iavtovg xtd 
toifg 6v(i(id%ovg atQij6ovtai^ drieiCBi ndisavt^vy^vav^ 

btmv iq>ei^g xal naQaXs^si ovdiv. insl dl ovx inst^ 
d^ovtOj ovta}g inotst, xal xonxiov 6vvs%cSg trfv %aQat 
ov nQO^st nXiov t^g '^(liQag rj dixa ^ dddsxa 6tadtm . 
ot($iv ovv ^AxaQvavsg^ iQyrjOd^tsvoi d(fq>ai!kg slvai did 
triv PQadvf^ta tov ctQatsv(iatogj td ts potfxij(iccta 
xatsfitfiaiov ix tSv oQmv xal trjg tciQag td nXsUSta 

g stQydlovto. insl dh iSoxovv tp ^AyijatXdp ndvv rjdri 
d-aQQstv, ri(i>iQ€f ni($nti] ^ ixty xal dsxdty iip '^g sta^ 
ifiaXSj dv6d($svog nQ^ ivsnoQSvd^ nQo dstXrig ifii^ 
xovta xal ixax6v6td8m inl trjv Xtftvriv nsQl ^ td jSo- 
6xfij(ucta tcSv^AxaQvdvmv 6%sdov ndvta ^i/, xal IXaps^ 
na(ibnXrfiri xal povxoXta xal tnnoipoQfitaxalaXXa nav^ 
toiand fio6xij($ata xal dvdQdnoia noXXd. Xapav 8h 
xal (istvag avtov tr^v iniov6av '^(liQccv dunciXst td al- 

7 fjfkdXana. tcSv (tivtot *AxaQvdvc3v noXXol nsXta6tal 
fjX^^ov^ xal nQog t^ SQSt exfjvovvtog tov *Ayri6tXdov 
pdXXovtsg xal 6tpsvdovcSvtsg dno t^g dxQciivv%tag rot> 
oQOvg lna6%ov (ilv ovdiv, xatsfitfia^av di stg to oiuc^ 
Xhg ro 6tQat6nsdovy xatnsQ 'qdrj nsQl istnvov noQo^ 
6xsvat6(itsvov. stg dh t^v vvxta ot f*h/ ^AxaQvSvsg 
in^X^ovy ot Sh 6tQattmtat tpvXuxdg xata6tri6dfiSV0i 



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LIB. IV. CAP. VI. 131 

huid^tvdov. ty d* v6t6Q(d(jt an^^Bv 6 jiyijoiXaog ro 8 
6tQdtsvp4x. xat ijv fihv ^ Siodog ix tov xsqI xiiv l^ 
livriv l£i4i(Sv6g ts xal tcbSCov 6t6v^ duc ta xvxXp ns- 
fiU%ovta oQvi' xatakafiovteg 3h ot ^AxaQvaveg ix t£v 
vMfd^Gn/ ifiaXkov ts xal "qxovtiiov^ xccl vnoxatafkUr- 
viyvtsg slg ta xqMnsda ttSv OQtSv XQOdixsivto xa\ 
TCQayykata naQsl%oVy &6ts ovxstv idvvato to tJtgdtsv- 
wa noQsvscd^ac. iittdvf&xovtsg di djco t^g q>dXayyog oZ9 
ts oukZtav xal ot titxstg tovg i%i^spi,ivwg ovdlv 
ifiltmtov ta%v yaQ fJ6aVy onots dxo%mQotsv, XQog 
Totg l6%vQotg ot *AxaQvdvsg. %aXs7t6v & ^^yrj^dftsvog 
6 ^Ayr^iStXaog 8id tov iftsvonoQOv i^sX^stv tavta ndfS^ 
%ovtag^ iyvm Smxsi/v tovg ix tdSv svmvvft(ov nQOtf" 
xscfkivovgy ftdXa noXXovgSvtag' svpatcitSQov yaQ '^v 
tovto to oQog xal onXltaig xcH tnnoig. xal h ^(ihv 10 
i6(payui^0y lidXa xatst%ov pdXXovtsg xal dxovtCiov- 
tsg ot ^AxoQvavsgy xal iyyvg nQOffiovtsg noXXovg itL- 
tQ(06xov. insl dh naQifyysiXsv^ id^si (ikv ix tdSv onX^ 
t(Sv td nsvtsxaldsxa dap ^firigj ^Xawov dh ot tnnstg^ 
avtog Sh 6vv totg aXXoig fjxoXovd^si. ot iiihv ovv vno- 11 
xatafisfifpcdtsg tdv ldxaQvdv(ov xal dxQofioXiioi^svoc 
ta%v ivixXivav xal dnidvfjMov tpsvyovtsg nQog to 
avavtsg' inl fkivtoi, tov dxQotdtov ot qnUtav ^aav 
T(Sv*AxaQvdv(ov naQatstay^iivoi xal tsSv nsXtac&Kov 
TO noXvj xal ivtav^a inifuvov^ xdt td ts aXXa fiiX^ 
^(pts6av xdl totg toQcuSiv iifiucovtttovtsg tnniag ts 
xaxixQ(o6av xal Znnovg ti/vag dnixtswav. insl ^ivtoi 
pkiXQOv tdsov fjdfi iv %SQ0l t(Sv Aaxsd(aiiovlmv onX^ 
t(Sv slvcuy ivixXivaVy x(d dnid^avov avt(Sv iv ixstvjj 
t^ filiiQCfi nsQl tQiMXoHlovg. %ofjt(ov dh ysvofiiv(ov 6 12 
*jtyfl(fiXccog tQonaiov iOti^Caxo. x(d to dno tovtov ns- 
QUS9V xatd v^v %(&Qav ixonts xal ixas:, nqog ivtccg 8i 



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182 LIB. IV. CAP, VI. VU 

tcSv 7c6Xb(ov xal n:Q06ifiaXXsvy vxo t&v*A%uvAv avwyxa- 
ioftevog^ ov ftilv sW ys ovdsiUav. ^v(xa dl ijdij iieS' 

13 yfyvsto TO ftstoje&QOVy aTCgst ix t^qg xmqag, ot 6% A%aiol 
nsitoirixivai ts ovSlv ivoftiiov avtov^ oti noliv ovds- 
lUav jtQOOsiX^^fpsv ovts htov6av otnrc auovifavy idi-- 
ovto tSj si (111 w «AAo, aXXa to6oiit6v ys jifi6vov xaira- 
ftstvai avtovy img av troi/ 0noQir[t6v duxxmXv^y tolg 
^AxagvaOtv. 6 Sl dnsxQivato otL ta ivavtCa Xiyoisf 
tov 0v(i(pi(fovtog, iy<D (/,hv ydg^ §q>rj^<JtQatsii60iuuxd'^ 
Uv dsvQO slg to iniovd^iQog' oikotdh o0pav nXsim 
67CslQm6t^ tocovt^ (i&XXov f^g slQijvfig i7ttdv(iij0ov6t. 

14 tavta dl sln^v dnyst ns^i Si AitmXiag totavtag 6iovg 
ag oiks noXXol ovts oXiyot dvvatvt av dx6vta)vAitah* 
XtSv TtOQSVS^d^ai * ixstvov (livtot sta6av dtsX^stv * -^^ 
nt^ov yaQ Navnaxtov avtotg 6v(inQdJistv &6t aitoXa» 
fistv. insidri Sh iyivsro xatd to^Piov^ tavty dnicpag 
otxads dnijW^s * xdl yaQ toi/ ix KaXvdmvog SxnXow 
sig nsXon6vvfi6ov oVA^vatot ixciXvov tQi,ijQs6tv oq^ 
(icifuvot il^ Oivtad&v. 

Vll. naQsX^6vtog d\ roi; %si,yLwvog^ &6nsQ vni6%sto 
^ totg *A%atotgy svQvg dQxO(iivov tov ^Qog ndXiv q>Qov^ 
Qdviq>aivsv inl rovg^AxaQvdvag. otdhaio^6(isvoi^ xdl 
vo(U0avtsg dtd to iv (is6oysi€f 6tpi6t tdg noXstg slvai 
6(ioicog av noXtOQxst^d^at ino tdSv t6v 6ttov qA^stQ^v^ 
ttav S6nsQ si nsQis6tQatonsSsv(iivot noXtoQxotvto^ 
ins^ifav nQi6pstg sig ti^v AaxsSai^tova^ xal siQijvfiv 
(tlv nQog tovg ^A%aiovg^ 6v(t(ia%iav Sh nQogtovg Aaxs- 
Sat(ioviovg inoiijoavto. xal td (ihv nsQl ^AxaQvavag 
ovrcD SisninQaxto. 
2 *Ex Sh tovtov totg AaxsSat(ioviotg to (ihv iii ji9ij' 
vaiovg ij inl Boimovg 0tQatsvsw ovx iS6xst doqxxXhg 
slvai SntOd^sv xataXtn6vtag o(ioqov t^ AaxsSai(tovi 



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LIB. IV. CAP. Vn. 133 

xola^v iud ovrm fisydXtiv triv r&v ^ji^sCiov noUv^ 
sls dh vo "Aiyyog q>Q0VQav q>cUvovOiv> 6 Sh ^AyricCnohq 
iml iyvm oti etij avta fiyritiov tijg q>QOvg&g xal ta 
ducfiatijQut dvoiiivtp iyivetOj iMmv tlg^OXv^nCav xal 
%QriCtriQULij6fiBvog ixriQcita irof; d^sov bC ocCiog av i%oi 
avttp fi^ dBxofiivp tag cxovdag tmv ^AQysCarvj oti ovx 
onots xccdijxoc 6 XQOVog^ aX£ onotB ifipdXXeiv fiiX'^ 
Xouv AaxBdaiji6vioif tots vxiq>BQOv tovg ^i^^vag. 6 Sh 
^Bog ins^^^iuuvfv avtp ocuw slvai fi^ dBxofiivqi 6nov- 
ddg ddCxmgvnog>BQOiiivag. ixsl^Bv if evd^vg noQsvd^elg 
slg ^sXifovg inijQBto av tov ^AnoXXm bC xdxBCvp do- 
xoCij nBQl tmv 6novdmv xa^dnBQ t^ natQC. 6 dh dnB- 
XQCvato x(d (idXa xatd tavtd. xal ovtm d^^ ^Ayr^cCno^ 3 
Xig dvaXafimv ix 9Xu)vvtog ro CtQdtBVf/La^ ixBtCB yaQ 
avtp 6wBXiyBt0y Smg nQog td tBQa dnBdi^iisi,, ivifiaXB 
dui NB^iiag, ol d' *AQyBtoi insl iyvmcav ov dwriCo^B^' 
voi xmXvBiVy SnBfiifav^ mcnBQ BlcoQ^BOav, i6tBg>avmiii~ 
vovg dvo xriQvxag vnog>iQovtag 6nov8dg, & dh *Ayfj6C^ 
noXig dnoxQivdfiBvog oti ov doxotsv totg d^Botg dixaCmg 
inoq>iQBi/Vy ovx idixBto tdg anovddg^ dXX ivifiaXB xal 
noXXr^v dnoQCav xci ixnXri%iv xatd ts tovg dyQovg xdl 
iv rg noXBi fycoCij6B. dBinvonoiovfUvov d^ avtov iv ty 4 
*AQyBCa ty nQcitji ^^^Q^j ^^l cnovimv tmv fkBxd to 
dBtnvov 5*ij yiyvofLivmVjiCBUiBV 6 ^Bog. xdt ot (ihv Aa- 
xBdacfiovioi dQidfiBvoi, dno tmv nsQl dafMcCav ndvtBg 
vfLvriaav tov nBQl tov UoaBidm naucva * ot d* aXXoi 
atQotimtcu povto dnUvai^ ort xal ^Ayig 6BUJfU)v nots 
ysvofiivov dnijyayBv ig '^Xidog. 6 dh ^AyrfiCnoXig bC^ 
nmv otc bC fkkv fiiXXovtog avtov ififidXXBiv CBCaBU^ xm- 
XvBwavavtov ffyBtto' inBl dl ififiBpXrixotogy iniuB- 
Xbvbw voiiC^Bi,' xal oikm ty vCtBQaUf d^vadfiBvog tm5 
no6Bi8mv^ ^atto oi ndQQm sCg tr^v x^Q^v. StB dh vbw^ 



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134 LIB. IV. CAP. m VUI. 

6tt tov *Ayffii.laov iatQm$vp4vov slg to "Affyogy xw- 
^vofLBvoq 6 *Ayij0i9eohg tdSv CtQcctcmdSv [lixQ^ fAv 
not XQog to tstxog ^yayev o ^AyrfltXaog^ H^Hq^ ^^ ^^ 
tviv xciQav id^m6sv, mcnBQ xdvta^log xavtjj inl to 

6 TcXiov vxeQfidXXsiv imiQoto. Htdijdri (Uv xota fiaXXo- 
fiBvog axo tmv tvQCsmv tag juqI to tstxog tdipQOvg 
ndXiv dUpr^' iji/ d^ ots oixofiivmv ttSv xXsi6ta}v*A(^ 
ysioDv sig t^v AaHmvi/Kr^v ovtmg fyyvg %vXmv xqoC^^X" 
%Bv SctB ot %Qog tatg nvXaig ovtsg ttSv 'AQystmv dxi- 
xXsicav tovg tmv Boimmv Inniag BiasXd^stv fiovXoiU^ 
vovg^ dstcavtsg ft^ CWBv6ni6oiBv xectd tdg nvXag ol 
Aaxsdaifiovioi' mct fjvayxdc^cav ol tnn^ ScnsQ 
wxtBQtdsg nQog totg tstxscw vno tatg indxisa nQ06^ 
aQaQivai. xoct si fifj itvxov totB otKQ^qtsg sigNav- 
nXtav xtetadBdQafitixotBg j noXXol av xal SviQBg xai 

7 tnnoi xatetoiBvdTiCav. ix di tovtov nBQl tdg BtQxtdg 
6tQ€ctonBdBvoiiivov avtov ntntst xsQawog sig «o 
6tQat6nBdov' xcct ot ptiv tkvsg nXrffivtBg^ ol d\ xai 
ilifiQOvtfi&ivtBg dnid^avov. ix dh tovtov fiovXofLBVog 
tBixi^f^if^QOVQiov ti inl taIgnaQdKfiXov6ccv i(ipoXailgj 
i^Bto * xal i^dvfi avttp td tsQd aXofia. 6g dl tovto 
iyivstOy dnfjyayB to 6tQdtBVfLa xal 5UXv6b^ luiXa 
noXXd pxdifag tovg ^AQystovg^ Sts dnQQ6doxfjtmg «v- 
totg iiifiaXmv. 

Vm. Kal 6 [ihv d^ xatd yijv n6XBfbog oStmg inoXBfutto. 
iv^ dhndvtatcdkainQdttBtOy td xcnd ddXattccv cev 
xal tdg nQog d^aXdtty niXsig yBvof^Bva di/Kiy^60fUHy xaL 
tmvnQd^Bmv tdg filv dl^fiviipMBvtovg yQdifm^ tdg 

^ 9\ fi^ d^g X6yov naQtfim. nQcStov ftkv totvw 9aQvin 
patogxalK6vc9Vj insl ivtxffiav tovg AaxBdcufunftovg 
ty vavfiaxtff^ nsQtnXiovtBg xaL tdg vili^ovg xcd nQog tdg 
imd^aXattidtag n6XBig tofig ts Aaxc9Vixovg dQft66tdg 



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LIB IV. CAP. VIU. 185 

H^ittWi>v nal nceQ6fiv^ovvto tag xoXaig 6g oiks ox^o- 
x6X8$g ivtBviboUv idcoUv ts ttvtovofiovg. otd^ ttico^i 
0vt^tttvtttijdovt6 ts xcd iit^pH>w ml iivuc itQod^ 
{lag hcsfinov tip ^ttQVttfiaip. xttl yccQ o Kovmv tov 
^ttQVttfitt^ov idldtt6HBv mg otnrGi fihv noiovvtc nci^ttv 
ttvtm ttt noXstg q>tXitti (6oivto, si 8h dovlovod^ttt fiov^ 
Xofksvog ^pttvsQog i6oito y Hsysv mgfittt ixtt6tri noXXd 
scQayiuettt txav^ ^ nttQi%uv xcd xivdwog stfj fi^ xttl 
ot '^ElXijvsg , sl tttvttt tti6^oivto , ifvctcctsv. tttdttt fiiv 3 
wv hcsl^sto 6 OttQVttfittiog. ttnoficcg d^ sig "Ekps^ov 
tm fihv KovGWi dovg tsttccQaxovttt tQti^Qsig sig Sij^ 
0tiv sibesv dxttvt ttP^ avtog 8i xsi^ nttQx^st inl t^v ttxh- 
wv ccQX^v. xccl yccQ o^SQXvXidttg, oCnsQ xttl nttXac 
seoXifuog rjv ttvtp^ itv%sv iv^Afivdca Sv, ots ti vttVfMC" 
X/ia iyivstOy xttl ovx Sctcsq ot ttXXoi ccQfioCtttLiiiXir' 
usvj ttXXcc 7Utxi&j(jB t^v Z/ifivdov xttl diicciiis qfiXijv totg 
jtaxsdttifiovioig. xai yoQ cvyxaXicag tovg ^AfivSf^vovg 
MXsifi toucds. ^Sl ttviQsg^ vvv S^satLv vfctv xal scQ^^i 
^sv ^piXocg ovci tfi noXsb riiimv svsQyitag ^avfjvai 
9mv AttxsdttifMvic^. xat yccQ tro fihv iv tttlg ev3r(Mt|/- 
mg XiCtovg g>ttivs6d-tti ovdlv d^ccvfuc&cov * otttv di tv- 
vsg iv ^v^OQtttg ysvofiivayv tpiXcnv fiificaoi ipttvAoij 
xovt^ sig Toi/ ttJCttvttt XQovov [ivfiiiovsvsttti. l6ti dh 
iyvx ovtcog i%ov 6g si vg vccvfucx^ ixQtttq^fLSVj oidiv 
uQtt iuic^iv ttXXttXttlto TCQoad^sv dijmvj ^Ad^vcct^ 
mv ttQ%6vtmv T^g ^ttXdttijg, tuttv^ ^v ^ i^stiQtt n6Xig 
^uci sv tpiXovg xttl xttxmg i%^Qovg noistv. od^ dh fcdX^ 
Xov ttt aXXtti TCoXsig avv ty tv%y tt7Cs6tQttfpiffittv rifWSVj 
fC06iy6tcp ovtcog ^ vfistiQtt niOt6trig iisi^ctnf ^avsifi av. 
sl 6i tig tovto ^fisttttij fiij xai xatd yifv xeil xatd 
i^dXttttaviv^c^noXiOQxci(isdTCy iwositcaoti^BXX^'' 
v$mv ithv ovnm vttvtixov iotivivt^d^ttXdttfjy of dl 



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136 LIB. IV. CAP. VHL 

fiaQPagoi ei hc^XBiQiitfov^i t^s ^aXdttfig SqxbiPj ovm 
ttviiBta^ tavta ^ ^EXXdg * S69'* iavty imxovQovca xid 

5 v^ilv 6viiiiaxog yevijaetai. ot fihv d^q taika aKOvovtag 
ovx dxovtmg dXXd seQodii(img iieeitfdij^av xol tovg 
(ihv lovtag dQiio6tdg fplXmg idixovto^ tovg Sh dzovtag 
lietexiiinovto. 6 dh ^sQKvXUag^ mg 6vvBXiyrfiav noX" 
Xol xal XQ^^if^oi avdQsg stg t^v noXiv^ Siafidg xal slg 
Sri^tdv^ xat dvtiXQV ovta ^Afivdov xal dnixovta ov 
nXstov 6xtm Ctadlfov^ o6oi ts did jiaxsdaifun/tovg yr^v 
l^xov iv XsQQOvijap ^ ^^Qoiisj xalSaoiavix tmv iv 
fQEvQciny noXsmv dQiio6tal iiimietov^ xaLtovtov% 
idixstOj Xiymv ort ovd* ixsivovg ddvfistv 8st^ iwoov^ 
fiivovg otc xal iv rg ^Aeta, ij i^ dQx^^g Pa^dimg i6tty 
xal T^ftvog^ ov fisydXij noXig^ xal Alyal st6i xcd aXXa 
ys x^Q^9 ^ dvvatftac oixstv ovx vmjxooi ovtsg fiaO^ 
Xirng. xattoiy Sqnij notov (ihv av l^xvQotsQov Ihi0tov 
XdfioctsxfOQtoVj Ttotov 81 SvcxoXioQxijtotsQOvi xal 
vscSv xcd nsidiv 8sttaij sl fiiXXscnoXioQXfi^6s69ai. 
tovtovg av toiavta Xiy&v i^xs tov ixnsnXiix^at. 

^oSh OaQvdfiaiog insl ijvqs tijv ts *Afiv8ov xol roi/ Iki^ 
0tdv ovtag ixovta^ nQoijydQsvsv avtotg mg sl fi^ ii^ 
ninifouv tovg Aaxs8aifkOvtovg ^ noXsyLOv i^otasi nQog 
avtovg. insl 8\ ovx inst^ovto, Kovayvi iikv nQOifi- 
ta^s xaXvsiv avtovg t^v d^dXattav nXstv, avtog 8i 
iSyoy t^v tav *Afiv8riv(Sv xtoQav. insl 8h ov8iv ini-- 
Qaivs nQog to xataOtQiq^sod^ai^ aitog lihf hc otxov 
dn^^Xd^Sy tov 81 Kovmva ixiXsvsv svtQsnt^sod^ai tdg 
"xad^* 'EXXij6novtov noXsig y onmgstg to iaQ oti nXstr- 
6tov vavtcxov d&Qoi^stij, dQyiioftsvog ydQ totg Aa^ 
xs8acfLOvtoig dv^* Sv insnov^si, nsQi navtog inouVto 
iXd^atv ts slg t^v x^Qav avtmv xal tmLWQ^oaof^ai o,irt 

7 8vvaixo. xal roi/ ithf x^^iiSva iv towikoig ovtsg d«qf- 



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LIB. IV. CAP. Vm. 137 

yov ' &(ia dl r^ iccgt vavg ts TtoXXas 6VfixXfiQ(ii6ag xal Jj^ 
isvcxov n(fo0i/Li<s^a>6a^Bvog lnXsv6fv 6 Oagvdfiaiog xs 
xal 6 K6va)v (ut* avtov dia vqCcDv slgM^Xovy ixst- 
d^sv dh OQiiciiisvoi^ stg triv AaxsdaCn^y^* xataxXsvCag 
di XQmtov slg9aQag idyoifs tavtriv f^v %(OQav' insir 
ra xal aXXo6s anofiaivoDv t^g naga^aXattCag ixa- 
xovQysi Ojtt idvvato. g>ofiovfLSvog dl ti^v ts dXtfisvo^ 
tvfta tijg xdgag xal td t^g fiotid^siag xal tr^v C%avo0ir- 
tCaVy ta%v ts dvictQSifS xal dnonXiayv (OQfiCiS^ tiqg 
Kv^QCag slg 9oivixovvta, insl dl ot i%ovtsg v^v tcoXiv 8 
tAvKvdijQCmv g^ofirid^ivtsg fi^ xatd xgdtog aXotsv iJ^- 
Xinov td tsCxq, ixsCvovg (ikv vno0n6v8ovg dtpiixsv slg 
f^Aaxoyvtx^Vy avtogd* inufxsvdcagto t(Sv Kv^r^^ 
qC(ov tst%og (pQovQovg ts x(d Nix6(pti(iov ^Ad^valov 
%Qlio6trfv iv totg KvdnjQOig xatiXcns. tavta dh noir^ 
6ag xal slg ^Io^^ov tiqg KoQtvd-Cag xatanXsvcag, xal 
naQaxsXsv6dftsvog totg cviiftdxotg nQod^iicog ts noXs- 
ftstv xal avSQag ntatovg (paCvsCd^at fiaCtXst^ xataXir- 
nmv avtotg xQtifiata o6a slxsv^ ^x^'^^ ^^ olxov dno^ 
nXi(ov. Xiyovtog 8h tov K6v(ovog (6g sl ipij aitov^ 
Ixstv to vavttx6vj ^Qi^^ot [ihv dno t(Sv vij6(0Vf xatu-' 
nXsv6ag 8* sCg t^v natQCda 6vvava6tiJ6ot td ts (laxQd 
tsCxn ^oft *A^vaCotg xal to nsQl tov HstQata tstxog^ 
ov stdivat Iqnf Stt Aaxs8atftovCotg ovdhv dv fiaQvtsQov 
yivotto, x(d toOto ovi/, Igpq, 6v totg fisv'AdiivaCotg 
xs%aQt6fiivog i6sty tovg dh AaxsdatfLovCovg tsttiKOQif^ 
ftivog' i(p* ^ yaQ nXst6ta in6vri6avy dtsXkg avtotg 
notij6stg. 6 di 9aQvdfialiog dxov6ag taOta dni6tstXsv 
(xvtov nQo^fimg sCg tdg ^Ad^vag^ xal XQ^li^cc^Q06i-' 
thptsv avtp slg tov dv(xtstxt6ii6v. 6 6} dq>tx6ftsvog 10 
TfoXv tov tsCxovg mQd^^o^s^ td ts avtov nXfiQ^Ofiata 
miQixmv x(dtixto6t x(d Xi^oX6yotg iit6^6v dtdovg^ 



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138 LIB. IV. CAP. VIU. 

Htcl&XXoBltidvayiuttovfjv^ danavmv. ^vf^vtoitov 
xbCxovq a oud avtol ^A^vato^ xaL Boimtoi xal SXXai 
xoKeis i^^sXovcutb 6w^Btxi^av. ot fidvtoi KogCv^tjoi 
atp mv 6 Oagvd^iog xatikvnB xQtnidtGyv vavg xXri- 
QfDfSavtBg xal ^Aya^tvov vavagxov iseiatTjCavtBg idiX' 
XattoxQdtow iv tcS tcbqI ^AxcXav xai Aixaiov xoXiua. 

11 dvtBnXi^Q(0Cav Sh xal ot AaxBdav^dvioi va^Og^ mv 
no8dvB(iog flQX^''^' d^^^ 9h ovtog iv jCQOiffioXg Ttt/t yBV^-- 
liivfi dnid^avB^ xal 116 XXig av iniatoXwg Sv tQO^Blg 
dn^Xd^Bv, 'HgvnnCdag tavxag dvaXa(ifidvBv tdg vavg. 
IlQoaivog (livtov KoQCvd^iog tdg naQ* 'Ayad^Cvov naQ€^ 
Xafidv vavg i^iXmB to 'PCov * AaxBdai(i6viov & avto 
naQiXafiov. (iBtd Si toirco TBXBvtCag inl tdg^HQmnCdov 
vavg '^X^B , xal ovtog av tov xdXnov ndXiv ixQdtBv. 

IS Ot Sh AaxBdavn6vioi dxovovtBg otc K6vmv xoA ro 
cBtxog totg ^AdijvaCocg ' ix tcSv fiaocXiiog xQ^ftm^ov 
dvoQd^oCrj xal to vavtix^v dno tav ixBCvov tQi^pmf 
tdg tB vi^itovg xal tdg iv rgf i^nBCQCD naQd d-dXattccv 
n6XBcg 'AdijvaCocg BdtQsnCioc, ivoficaav^ bI tavta Sc- 
SdcxocBv TcQtfiaiov fiaiScXicag ovta CtQCCf^y^v^ ^ xaL 
dno6t^6ac av nQog^ iavtovg trov TcQCflaiov ^ naikSaC 
>/ dv to K6v(avog vavtcxov tQiq>ovta. yvovtBg 8\ 
ovta, nifcnov6iv ^AvtakxCSav nQog tov TCQCfiaiovy 
nQOCtdfyivtBg ain:p taika ScSd6XBiv xal nBiQdcd^ac bC^ 

13 QVivr[v fg n6XBi noiBtcd-ac nQog fiaocXia. aUi^6fiBvoc 
Sh tavta ol ^Adijvcaoc dvtcnifinovac n(fiapBcg fCBtd K6^ 
vcovog ^EQfioyitnj xal ACmva xal KaXXcc^ivij xal 
KaXXcfiiSovta. CvfinaQBxdXBiSav Sh xal dno tSv avgjc- 
yM%mfv ngiafiBig' xal naQByivovto dn6 tB BocanAv 

14 xai KoQiv^ov xal "AQyopg. insl S^ ixBl ifiav^ o ^ 
'AvtaXxCSag SX^b nQog tov TcQCpaiov otc BtQviwig Ss6^ 
fL&fog^xoct^n6XBcnQ6gfia0cXiay xaitavTrig^u6n&Q 



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LIB. IV. CAP. Vin. 139 

PaahXevg iju^iuv. Xfov xb yuQ iv x^^A^Ca^ElkfpftSmf 
nolionf AaHs8(U(iovlovg §a(SvUZ ovx avtixoulkfdai^ 
tig tB vfJ6ovg anatsag xal rag akkag noksig agxstv aip^ 
6tv avtovo^iovg slvcct. xaCtoi^ iqn^j totaika id^sXovtaw 
fjHAvj tlvog av ivsxa XQog ^fiofg fia6iX$vg noXeftoCfi 
V XQVfMita daxavpfi; xal y&Q ovd^ i^l Pa6tXia CxQa" 
%evB69ttv dvvatov ovts ^A^hfvaloLg ^ f^yoviiivaiv 
^niv ovd'* ^(itv avtovofiayv ov6Av tSv noXeanf, tpi^ 
phr d^ TtQiPa^^ axovovtt l6%vQmg Ijqs6xov ot tov 
^AvtaXxtdov Xoyov' totg dh ivavtiocg Xoyov tavt lyv. 
0? w ya^ ^AdTfvatoi iq)ofiovvto ^wd^i^^av ccvtovo- 
tiovg dvcci tag vij6ovg^ fi^ Ai^iivov tcccI "liifiQOv xal 
ZxvQov ^tBQrfisZBv^ ot tB Bfifiatoi^ fi^ avayxa^d^slfi- 
6av aq>Btvai tag Boia>t£ag xoXavg avtov6(tovgj ol 
t 'AQystoVy ov ijcs^fiovVf ovx ivofuiov av tiiv 
KoQcvdw Svva69ai 6g "AQyog ^jjwv toMvtcav 6W' 
dfpcAv xa\ 67tovd&v ysvoiiivcov. avtvi iikv q Bi' 
pifwy ovtcog iyivsto atsXijg, xal an^Xdvv otxads 
hca6tog. 

*0 (livtov TcQifiatog to ftkv avsv paaiXiag [ista 16 
Aaxsdacfiovtcav ysvi6d-ai ovx a6g>aXkg avtdi^^ystto $1- 
var Xdd^Qcc ys fiivtot Idancs XQr^iiata ^AvtaXxCda^ oicag 
av TcXriQoid-ivtog vavtixov vno Aaxsdaiiwviaiv oZ ts 
Ad^tivatot xal ot 6v(ifLaxoi aitav fiaXXov tijg slQiivijg 
XQo6dioLvto^ xal tov KovcDva ag adixovvta ts fia^c- 
Xia xal aXfi^ Xsyovtcov Aaxsdamoviayv slQis. tavta 
91 noifJ6ag avifiacvs fCQog paavXia^ tpQa6aiv a tsXi-' 
yoisv ot Aaxsdacfiovtoi xal ott Kevcova ^wstXfjcpmg 
iCfl fog adixovvta^ xa\ iQamJ6a}v tixQfi noistv nsgi tov^ 
tan/ andvtcov. xcd Pa^iXsvg (liv, ag TiQifiaiog avm 17 
xccq' ccvtdi ^Vj JStQov^av xcctaniiinst intfisXfiaSiisvov tk, 
tfSv xata ^dXattav. 6 (livtoi IkQo^A^ag l6xvQcSg totg 



yGoogle 



140 LIB. IV. CAP. VUI. 

'Adijvaiois xai ''^otg avjifidxoLg tiiv yvcifiriv itQo^stiSf 
(isfivijiiivog o6a xaxa ixsnovd^n ^ fiaaiXi^og xdQa 
im ^Ayri^ykaov. ol Sh jiaxsiaipovioi ixsl sciQG^v rov 
I^tQOvd^av XQog iavtovg (ihv n:oXs(ii.xSg ix^vta^ iCQog 
dl tovg ^Ad^rivaCovg (pihxS^^ ®C§QGiva xi(i7Cov6tv inl 
xoXifip XQog avtov, 6 dl dtafidg ts xal OQficiiisvog it 
^EipiCov ts xai tSv ivMavdvSQov TCsdCp noksmf IIqli^ 
vfigts xal Asvx6q>Qvog xal ^Axi^X^sCov^ iq>sQS xal ^ya 

18 tr^v fia0vXi(og. nQOl6vtog Sk tov xq6vov xatavor^Cag 
6 UtQOv&ag oti ®CfiQoyv fiorid^oCfj ixdatots atdxtcng 
xal xatag>QOvip:txcSg f ijesiifsv txniag slg to «sdCov 
xal xatadQafjLOVtag ixiXsv0s lesQtpaXXofiivovg iXav^ 
vsiv OjTt dvvavvto. 6 dl ^CfiQoyv itvyxavsv i^ aQC6toP 
ducCxrivSv (istd ®sQcdvdQOV tov avXritoir. ^v yaQ 
6 ®iQ0avdQog ov fwvov avXritiig dya^^g^ dXXd xal 

IQdXxijg^ ats XaxcnvC^aiv^ dvtsxotstto. 6 dl 2kQ0V~ 
^ag^ Idmv dtdxtcog ts fiorjd^ovvtag xal oXCyovg tovg 
«Qcitovg^ inttpalvstat noXXovg ts ix^'^ ^^^ 0wt sta- 
yfiivovg tnxiag. xal ®CPQcova (ihv xal ®iQ0avdQOV 
jCQcitovg dnixtstvav ' insl d* ovtot insCov^ hQi^avto 
xal to aXXo CtQdtsvfta^ xal dtcixovtsg nafinXijd^stg 
xatifiaXovj riCav d% xal o( iaddi^aav avtdlv stg tdg* 
fptXCag n6Xstg. xal xXsCovsg dtd ro 6il;h aicd^icd^at f^g 
fiofid^siag* noXXdxtg yaQ^ xal ro'r«, ovdl naQayysC- 
Xag t^v porjd^stav inotri0ato. xal taika (ih> ovtcog iys^ 
yivrjito. 

20 *Ensl d* rjXd^ov sig AaxsdcUfiova oi ixnsntcinc6tsg 

^'PodCcov vno tov dijiu)Vj idCdaCxov cag ovx aitov stri ns- 
Qttdslv ^AdifvaCovg *P6dov xataCtQS^^afiivovg xccl ro- 
Cavtriv dvvafitv Cwd^sfiivovg. yv6vtsg ovv ol Aans^ 
dcctft6vtot mg sl fitkv 6 d^^i^g xQati^Coty ^Ad^vaCmv ictm 
'P6dog SnaCa^ siihotnXovCtcitsQot^ iavr&v^ inXii- 



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LIB. IV. CAP. VUL 141 

(fm6av avtotg vavg oxtciy vavaQ%ov dllEx8iHov ini^ 

cvqiSav, <SwB%ijCB^ifav i* inl xovtmv t&v vsav xal21 

Jiq>(fldav, ixiXsvaav if avtov Smfiavta etg tiiv*A6Cav 

xag t€ @ifi(fGn/a vjcodaiaiiivas tcoIsis dM0miei.Vj xai 

(ft(fatsviia to mqt,6(od\v avaXafiovta xal aXkOj bI 

nod^sv dvvaitOj CvHi^avta xoXsftBtv X(f6g 2k(fov* 

tav, h fik/ dr^ ^upQCSag taik^ inoisvy xal td r' aXla 

hstvyxavs xal Ti.y(fdv7iv roi/ tr^t/ IkQovd^a i%ovta 

^vyati(fa xoQSVofisvov stg EaQdsig KafLfidvsi ovv aih- 

ty tg ywaixCj xal %Qfifidtcav icokX(Sv dniXvosv * &<it 

si^vg ivtsv^sv sl%s iciod^odotstv. ifi/ S* ovtog av^Q 22 

^vxaQig ts ov% ijtrov tov 0CPQ(ovogj [utXXov ts awtS" 

ta^iivog xal iy%svQfitMcitsQog otQatriyog, ovdh yaQ 

ixQatow avtov attov aci^atog '^dovaCj dXX* dsl TCQog 

o stri iQyojj tovto ixQattsv. 6 d^^Exdixog insl slg 

T^vKvCdov inXsvcs xal inv^sto tov iv ty*P6dp d^^iov 

xavta xati%ovtay xal XQOxovvta xal xata yijv xal 

xata ^dXattav nXiov dvntttiSCaig tQi^^Qsaiv fj av^ 

cog sl%svj fi0v%Cav f]ysv iv ty KvCdp. old' av jiaxs-2S 

iaijiovioi, insl ya&ovto avtov iXdtto} i%ovta dwa^Lcvm, 

^ Sats tovg q>CXovg ag^sXstv, ixiXsvaav roi/ TsXsvtCav 

<fvv tatg dddsxa vavalv alg sl%sv iv tp nsQl *ji%atav 

xai Ai%acov xoXmp nsQinXstv nQog tov^Exdixov y xd- 

kstvov fihv anonififat^ avtov 61 tcSv ts povXofiivcDV 

^CXcDv slvac imfisXstad^at xal toifg noXs(iCovg o,Te dv- 

vaito xaxlov noutv. 6 Si TeXsvtCag insvSri dq>Cxsto 

slg ti^ Udfiovj nQoaXafimv ixst^sv vavg InXsvasv 

stg KvCSoVy * otxaSs, avtog d' inXsc slg tY[v ^PoSov^ 24 

)f4jj i%mv vavg intd xal stxoac' nXicDv Sl nsQvtvy-- 

%dvsv ^cXoxQdtsc t^ ^Eq>idXtov nXiovti nstd Sixa 

tQitiQciiv ^Ad^rivrfi^sv slg KvnQOV in\ av(i(ia%C^ rg 

EvayoQOv, xaX Xafipdvsi ndaag^ vnsvavtidtata S^ 



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142 LIB. IV. CAP. VIII. 

xavxa afkq>6veQ0i iavtotg nQaxzovxsg * o% xb yaQ *A%if* 
vatoi ipiXp xQ€ifi£VOt fiacUet 6v^iiaxiav ineiiaov Eva-' 
yoQa tp «oleiiovvzi, TCQds fiaCiXia^ o %e Tekevtlag Aa- 
xedaiiiovi€9v noXefiovvtav fiaiSLXet tovg nXiovtag ial 
tp ixeivov noXeiio) diig^d^eiQev. inavaitXevcag 6' etg 
Kvidov xal dm^dfievog a iXafievy elg^PoSov av ag>ix6- 
lievog ifiori^ei totg ta avtSv q>Qovov6iv. 

25 Ot d' *A9^vaU)i vofiiaavteg tovg Aaxedcuiioviovg 
naXiv dvvafiiv xata0xevdie6^ai iv fg ^aXdttyj avt- 
exniyknovci BQacvfiovXov tov ZteiQiia avv tettaQa- 
xovtavavciv. 6 d' ixnXevaag tifg iiiv eig'P6dov fioij- 
d^eiagiadcx^^ vo^i^mvovt av avtog f^diag tcfifOQij'' 
6a6^ai tovg (piXovg tSv Aaxedaviiovimv tet^og Ixov- 
tagxiA TeXevtlov 6vv vavd naQ6vtog 6vfL{uixov av- 
totg, ovt^ av tovg 6q>etiQ0vg q>iXovg imo totg wXe- 
lUoig yevicd^atj tag te n^Xeig ixovtag xal ^roAi; nXeio^ 

idvag ovtag xal ^XV ^BXQotijxotag' elg 81 t6v'EX- 
Xij6novtov nXevifag xal ^devog avtmdXov jcaQOvtog 
iv6[ii6e xataxQa%ai av ti ty x6Xet dya^ov. xal ovtm 
8^ nQAcov iilv Tiata^ad^mf ataCidiovtag Mtjiox^v te 
xov ^0dQv6(Sv fiaatXia xal Eevd^iv tov inl d-aXdttji oq^ 
Xovta aXXviXoig (ikv diijXXai^ev avtovgj 'A^tivccioig dl 
q>iXovg xtd av^iidxovg inoiijaej voiUiayi/ xat tdg vxo ty 
@Q4^y olxovaagEXXip/idag noXetgtpiXtovovtaivtovtfov 

27 fioAAov %QoaixBi>v dv totg jidijvaioig tov vovv. ix6v- 
tmv dl tovtaw te xaXmg xcd tdSv iv rg 'Aaic^ noXeoiv 
duc ro fiaOiXda (piXov totg*A^ffvaioig elvai^ fcXevifag 
elg Bv^idvtiov dniioto tijv Sexdtriv tmv ix tov JIov- 
tov nXeovtmv. iietdotijoe di i^ 6Xi/yaQxiag elg to dfifio^ 
XQateto^ai tovgBvlavttovg- Sote ovx dx^evvmg iciQU 
6 tiSv Bvlavtimv dijfiog 'Adijvaiovg ort nXei6tovg naQ- 

28 ovtag iv ty n6Xei. tavta dl nQd^ag xaL KaXxrfioviova 



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LIB. IV. CAP. Vm. 148 

fOU>vg n^o07coifi6d^£vog aninkeif i|0 xov ^EXlria^ 
novTOv. invtv%mv S* iv ry Aiafitp tdCg ndks0i ndacug 
ni^qv Mvttkip/aimv Xdcxmviiovaaig ^ in ovdeiiiav atH 
%wv riBi , nQlv iv Mvtikr^vy ovvtd^ag tovg t$ dno tmv 
imnov vfSv teti^xooiovg bnXltag Kfd tovg ix tc5v no- 
XBfov fpvyd6ag j o0oi> elg Mvti,Xijvip/ xat^jcsipsvysoavf 
xd avtcSv dh MvtiXrjvaiiDv tovg iQ^miisvsiJtdtovs 
ngocXaficiv^ xal iXnidag vno&slg totg ^h/ MvtiXriyaC^ 
oig mg i&v Xdpy tdg noXsig^ ngoOtdtai ndorig Aiapov 
ftfovrat, totg 8h ipvydiSiv iog idv 6(iov ovtsg inl lUav 
indotfiv tmv noXsayv tmmvj txavol Saovtai anavtsg 
ilgtdg natgiSag dvaiSm^tivaCj totg 8' av inipdtaig 
ag gfiXfjv Aiapov nQO6noti^0avtsg ty noXsi noXXrjv sv- 
«OQiav xQfl(idtmv 8iansn(fay(iivot iaovtat^ tavta 8h 
na(faiiv^fl6d(isvog xal avvtd^ag '^ysv uvtovg inl Mij- 
^v(tvav. &fi(fiiiaxog (livtoi^ og aQfioaf^g itvyxavsv^ 
iSv tmv Accxs8at(ii)viioVj tog ^xoves t6i/ @QaavPov- 
Xov nQi}0uvaty tovg r' dno tmv avtov vsmv Xapmv 
intpdtag xal avtovg tovg Mq^^ivaiovg xal oeot Afv- 
xhXTi^imv q>vyd8sg itvyxavov avtoO^tjdnijvtarv inl ta 
OQuc. ^Lixxrifi Sh ysvo(iivfig 6 (ilv0fiQi(iaxog avtov dno- 
^viicxsty tcSv 8' aXXayv ipsvyovtmv noXXol dni^avov. 
ht 81 tovtiyv tdg (ihv nQi>0fiydysto tmv n6Xsmv , ix 81 30 
uSv ov n(fO6x^9ov0iov XsriXatmv ^^ifftartt totg 0tQa- s» 
ttmakg^ i0nsv0sv slg trp; 'P68ov dipixi^d^cu. oncag 
i^ av xal ixsl mg iQQm(iavi0tatov ro 0tQiitsv(ia 
noi^0attOy ii aXXmv ts noXsmv fjQyvQoXoysi xal sig 
"A^nsvSov dq>tH6(isvog mQ(ii0ato sig roi/ EvQV(ii8ovta 
%ota(k6v. rj8fi tf ' i%ovtog avtov %(>ifftara naQd tiSv 
^A0nsv8icavj d8txri0dvtmv tt ix tiSv dyQmv tmv 0tQa-- 
ttmmvy o(fyt0Oivtsgot*A0nsv8tottrig wxtog intns- 
covtsg xatax6ntov0tv iv ty ^xi^vy avt6v. 



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144 LIB. IV, CAP. VIII. 

31 Ka\ @Qa6vpovKog /xh/ dii (laXcc doxmv av^Q aym- 
tog alvai ovtmg iteXBvtijOsv. ot ^ivtov *A%ipfatoi £Uh 
l^Bvoi, avt avtov ^AyvQQiov inl tag vavg H^ixsfiifav, 
al^d^ofisvoi d* ot AaK6dai[i6vwi oti 17 dsxdtfi ta tav 
ix tov Ilovtov micga^iwi stij iv Bviavtip vn^ ^A^n^ 
vatci)v xccl Kak%riS6va ixov0i xccl at akXai, *EkXvi6n6v^ 
tuci noXsvg q>ikov ovtog aitotg ^aQva^d^ov sv kSxovbv^ 

S2 iyvciMSav i7tv(iakiitiov slvat. tp (isv ovv AaQxvUSa 
ovdiv iiii(ig>ovto' ^Avaltfiiog (livtov g>tXcDv avtp y€- 
vo(iivc:>v twv ip^Qcnf diSTCQa^ato StSts avtog ixxksv^ 
6av aQiio0tfjg slg ^Afivdov. st di Xdpov apoQfi^^v xdi 
vavg^ xal noXsinjasiv VTCiASxvstto totg ^Ad^ijvatoigy Aifts 

33 ft^ Sxscv ixslvoig xaX&g td iv^EXXfjiSsc^vtqj. ot (ikv ^ 
d6vtsg xal tQstg tQtiiQSig xal dq>OQ(iriv slg \ivovg xv- 
Xtovg iiixs(JLil>av tov^Ava^tfitov. 6 dh iascdTJ dptxstOj 
xatd y^i/ (ihv d^QotCag ^svcxov tcSv t AloXt&mv xo- 
Xscnv %aQS<S%at6 tcvag tov ^aQvafidtov xal incCtQa" 
tsvcdcacg tatg 7c6Xs0tv inl t^v^Afivdov dvtsxs&CQd^ 
tsvs xal insaoQsvsto xal idyov t^v xcoQav avtav * xdi 
vavg di nQog alg sl^s 6v(cnXi]Qci0ag i^ ^Afivdov tQstg 
aXXag xatrjysv^ stttnov Xa^ifidvoc ^Adijvatayv nXotov 

34 ^ tSv ixstvcDv 0V(i(idxci)v, at0d^6(isvoc dh taika ot 
^Adfivatoc xal 8sSc6tsg (i^ q^d^aQstri 0q>t6cv a xats- 
0xsva0sv iv tp ^EXXri07t6vta> ®Qa0ijfiovXog^ dvtsx«i(i- 
nov0cv*l<pcxQdtri vavg oxt^ ixovta xal nsXta0tdg stg 
8caxo0tovg xal xcXtovg, ot nXst0toc dl avtav '^^av mv 
iv KoQtvd^p '^qIsv. insl yaQ ot 'AQystoi trjv K6qiv%ov 
"AQyog insnotijvto y ovSh/ iq>a0av avtciv 8st0^ac* xal 
yaQ dnsxt6vsc nvdg tmv dQyoXii6vta>v xal ovraig 

35 dnsXd^mv ^Adijvais otxoc Itvxsv &v. insl 81 dg>txszo 
m. stg XsQQovri^ovy to (ikv nQmtov^Avaltfiiog xdt*Ig>cxQd'' 

trigXji0tdg 8iani(cnovtsg inoXi(iow dXXijXocg* nQol- 



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LIB. IV. CAP. VIII. U5 

4vtog il tov XQovov 6 '[q)vxQdzfig ah^Q(i^vog xal 'Avt^ 
^fiiov oijiiifiBvov sig ^'AvtavdQQv 6vv ts totg y^yd^otpo" 
QO%g ml totg jcsqI avtov Aaxiovixotg xal 6vv ^Afiv- 
dffvotg dmcoiSioig bxXttatgy xal axovaag oti tijfy Av 
tavdQOv fptXlav XQ066iXijg>mg Btvi^ imovoSv oti Ka-^ 
tcuftijaag av t^v ixst q)QOVQctv azonoQBV6oixo nd-- 
X$v Kol axdioi tovg jifivdfivovg otxadsj ducflag v^g 
wxtog XI iQfUiotatov ^v tijg*Apvd7ivi^g xai inavBX^mv 
sig ta OQif ividQav ixoi/iJ6ato. tdg 6s tQiiiQSig aX ^fq- 
yayov avtov ixiXsvs xoQanXstv afia ty i^iiiQ^ naQd 
fqv Xsqq6vii<sov t^v avm^ ojccog 8oxoifij SansQ slci^ 
d^sty in^ aQyvQoXoyiav inavansxXsvxivai. taika 6136 
fcoi/ijcag ovx i^sv6d^^ aXX^ b ^Avalifiiog dxsnoQsvstOj 
cog (ilv iXiystOy ov6i tcSv IsqSv ysysvfifiivmv avtp 
ixsivgty^^liiQCf^ dXXdxatag>QOviioag^ oti 8id g>iXiag 
ts iieoQSvsto xcd sig noXvv q>iXtav xal ott fjxovs tiSv 
ditavtcovtaiv tov *Iq>cxQdtfi dvansxXsvTcivai tf^v inl 
IlQOxowiiaov ^ dfisXiotsQov inoQsvsto. o^icog 6i 637 
IfpvxQdtfjgj icogiih/ivtp l0oni6p tro 0tQdtsv(ia roiJ 
*Avaicfiiov^v, ovxil^vi6tato* insid'^ 61 oi (ikv^Apv- 
dffvol dgyriyoviisvoc fj6ij iv tai naQa KQS(ia6tfiv ^0av 
ns6iq}y iv^a ictl td XQVfJBia avtotg, to tf' aXXo 0tQd^ 
tsv(ia in6(JLSvov iv tp xaxdvtsc ^v^ 6 6\ ^Ava^fiiog 
aQtixatifiaws^vv totg Aaxoivixotg^ iv tovtcp b Itpir- 
XQatfig iiavi6tfi0t f^v ivi6Qav xut 6q6(ip sipiQSto 
nQog avtov. xaL 6 ^Avaiifiiog yvovg (i^ slvai iXni6aS6 
ifanfiQiagj bQtav inl noXv ts xal tstsvbv ixtsta(iivov 
tb iavtov fStQdtsvfLa^ xal vo(iiiici)v nQog tb avavtsg 
ovx dv ^vva^d^ai ifaqxSg fiofjd^ifai iavtm tovg nQOsXff- 
Xvd^dtag, OQfSv 6h xal ixnsnXfjy^iivovg anavtag^ ig 
sldov t^v ivi6Qavj slns nQog totfg naQovtag^ "Av^Qsg^ 
i($ol (ikv iv9d6s xaXbv dnod^ccvstv * i(istg 61 n^Xv 6v^ 
Xenoph. HUt. Gr. 10 



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14« LIB. IV. CAP. VIII. LIB. V. CAP. L 

S9fi^at roti xoXsfiCoig 6xtv8ste slg triv CmtriQlav. xot 
tavt Ikeye xal naga tov vTcaomat&G kafimv triv A^nC^ 
da iv %(i(fa avtov (laxo^evog axodvijffxei. xal ta nair- 
dixa (livtoi avtfi xaQifieive^ xal tdiv Aaxeiai^vUo^ 
Sh tcSv aweXfjXvd^otmv ix tc5v noXemv agiio0tiiQav 
&g 8(68 exa (ia%6fievoi cwanid^avov ot 8* aXXoi g>ev^ 
yovteg imxtov. ol 8* 'i8i<oxov ijiixQv tov Sfftemg* xa\ 
tmv te alXfov mg 8iax6aioi dnid^avov xal tmv *Afiv8ii- 
vmv hnUtmv neQl nevtijxovta. tavta 8h ngdiag 6 
*Ig>ixQdti]g dvexmQfiiSe ndXiv elg XeQQovijaov. 



[E.] 

l,I\al td (ilv 8^^ nsgVEXXijanovtovjAdTivcUoig te xci 
^.Aaxe8at[iov{oig toucvta ^v. mv 8\ ndXiv 6 ^teovvxog 
iv ty AtyCvxi^ xaL ini^ilCa XQmfiivmv rov nQocQ^ev %jq6^ 
vov Twv AtYvvritmv nQog tovg^Ad^ivaCovg^ inel (pave" 
Qag xatd d^dXattav 6 noXefiog inoXefistto^ avv86iav 
xal totg i(p6Q0ig ig>Cri0c Xyt^ad^at rot/ fiovXofisvov ix 

2 f^g ^Attixiig. ot d* 'Adijvatbi, noXioQxoviisvoi vn av- 
t(SVy ni[ifavtsg elg Afytvav xal onXCtag xal atQatvj- 
yov avtmv nd(iq>i,Xov instsCxt^av Alyvv^taLg xal ino- 
XiOQXOW avtovg xal xatd y^v xal xatd d^dXattav 8s- 
xa tQviJQS0iv. 6 (livtot TsXsvtCag tvx(ov inl tmv vif- 
6mv noi dq>iy(iivog xatd %(>iyftarcii/ noQOVy dxovcag 
tavtalnsQl tov invtstxt6fiov]^ ifioijd^ei totg AtyivTjtatg • 
xal to fihv vavtixov dnijXaCej td8* invteCxtCika 8ls^ 
(pvXattev 6 ndfi(ptXog. 

3 'Ex 81 tovtov dno Aaxe8ai[iovCmv*IiQai vavaQ%og 
d(pvxveXtav. xdxetvog fihv naQaXaiifidvei rd i/ot^rixof^ 



yGoogle 



LIB. V. CAP. I. U7 

6 dl TsXsvtiag iMCxaQvmuxa ^ anixkavitBv otnaSs^ 
iqvixa yaQ iTtl ^dXatrav xatifiaivev ix' oixov oQfidiis- - 
og^ ovdslg ixBtvov tcSv 6tQax^anAv og ovx idBlimifa'^ 
ro, xcd o (ikv i6t8g>dvm6€v f 6 dl itaivioHJsvy ot If 
v6tBq^6avtBg Siifog xai dvayofiivov igQimov Blg trfv 
^dXattav 6tBg>dvovg xal fjvxovto avt^ xoXld xdya- 
%d. yi/yvcicxm [Ahv ovv or^ iv tovtoig ovts daxdvtnia 4 
oinB xivSwov ovtB fiijxdvi^iia ditoXoyov ovdhv iiAfi- 
yovfkai' dXXd val fid ^la tois ai^uiv (loc doxst slvai 
dvdQl iwoBtVj ti notB noicSv 6 TBXBvttag ovtco dci- 
^vjXB tovg dQxoiUvovg. tovto yuQ ^dri noXXSv xal^ 
XQfUMxtayv xal xivdvvayv d^ioXoycitatov dvdQog iQyov 
i&ttv. 

V> d^ av 'liQai tdg ikkv aXXag vavg XafimvxdXcvS 
heXBi Blg 'Pddovj iv Alyivg dh tQt/iJQBig dcidBxa xaxi^ 
XiiCB xdl roQydnav tov avtov iTturtoXia aQfioot^qv. 
xal ixtovtov izoXioQxovvto ^XXov ot iv tp initBir- 
Xfcfiatc tav ^A^hjfvalmv ^^otivvg noXBi • S6tB imo ^- 
ipt^fiatog jidT/vatoc xXviQci6avtBg vavg noXXdg dnBxo- 
[Uttavto il^Alytwig nifixtp [irivl tovg ix tov q>QOVQlov. 
tovtcav Sh yBvo^ivorv ot *Adijvatoc ndXcv av iCQdyfM- 
ra bIxov vtco tB tmv XjiOtiSv xal tov roQydjca * xal dv^ 
taiXfiQOVfSi vavg tQUSxaldBxa^ xal atQOvvtai Evvo- 
liov vavaQXOV ix' avtdg. ovtog dh tov ^liQaxog iv rg g 
'P6Sai ot Aaxsdacfiovcoi ^AvtaXTUSav vavaQxov ixniitr- 
xovacj vofct^ovtBg xal TcQc^diip tovto xoiovvtsg [id- 
Xuft* dv xaQt^Bif^ai. 6 dl 'AvtaXxtdag ixsl dipCxsto slg 
Atycvav^6viiMXQaXaficiv tdg tov FoQymna vavg ixXBv^ 
6$v stg^^Eq^BCov y xaL tov fikv FoQyciTtav ndXiv dno^ 
xinnsc stg Atyivav 6vv tatg dcidsxa vav6tv^ inl di 
taXg aXXacg NixiXoxov inictrfiB tbv incOtoXia. xdt o 
fi}y NcxdXoxog fioji^iSv ^AfivSrfvolg inXsi ixBtas- nor- 

10* 



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148 LIB. V. CAP. I. 

Qcctifsjcoiisvos *i elg Tivsdov id^v t^v %€iQavj wA 

7 x(yiiiicctcc Xup^v aithiXtv^sv sig ^Afivdov. ot 9i tSv 
Adiivaimv 6tQ€Ct7]y(A a^Qoits^ivtsg ano Ikciio^Qaxfig 
ts xal Ba6ov Hcct tSv xat ixstva %G>Qtmv ifiw^ow 
^olg Tsvsdtoig. mg d* ^(Sd^ovto stg "Afivdov xataxS" 
nX^xota tov Nix6Xo%0Vy oQfuifLSVOi ix XsQQOvijifov 
iieoXioQxow avtov i%ovta vai^g nivts xal shio6i dvo 
xaltQvdxovta tatg fisd'* iavtmv. 6 (livtoi FoQydnug 
dnoTcXiayv ii *Bipiifov xsQvtVY%dvsv Euv^iim * xal tots 
filv xatitpvysv sig Atyivav [iixQov nQo ^Xiov dwffuSv * 

8 ixfivfidiJag 9* svdvg idsinviis tovg tftQdcticitag. 6 8* 
EwoyLog oXtyov %q6vov linoitstvag aninXsv. wxtog 
6* invysvofiivijgj fpmgl%wv^ Smsq voftiistav^ dqni^ 
ystto , Sntog fiij nXavcSvtav at in6fvsvav. 6 di roQyci^ 
nag ifvfivfidifag svdvg inijxoXovd^sv xatd tov Xapvnt^ 
Qa, vnoXHn6yLsvog^ onmg fvtj ^avsQog stfj fLfjd^ atcdff^ 
6vv naQi%0Vy Xi^c^v ts i>6ipca ttSv xsXsvotmv dvtl 9x0- 

9v^g %QiOfkivfov xal naQayctyfj tmv xcontSv. insl dh 
^6av at tov Evv6fiov nQog tfi y^ nsQl ZcD^t^Qa t^g 
^Attvx^g, ixiXsvs ty odknvyyv invnXstv. tm S* J?wo- 
ivp il^ ivicov (vkv tmv vscSv aQtv i^ifiavvov^ ot Sh xal itv 
diQiiiiovtOy ot Sh xal Stv xatinXsov. vavfva%iag Sl 
nQog t^v osXijvfiv ysvoiiivtjgj tittaQag tQvijQsvg Xaiir' 
fidvsv 6 FoQyeinag^ xal dvaSrfidii,svog ^%sto ayo9v slg 
Atyvvav^ at S' SXXai v^sg cct tc5v ^Adijvaicav stgtov 
IlsvQava xatiipvyov. 
10 Mstd Sl taika XafiQtag iJ^inXsv stg KvnQOv fioti^ 
^Av Evay6QCf , nsXtaOtdg r ' i%aiv dxtaxootovg xccl Si- 
xa tQvijQsvg. nQoaXafiav Sh xccl ^AdTjvti&sv aXXag ts 
vavg xdl onXttag, avtog (ikv tifg wxtog dnofidg stg tiiv 
Atyvvav noQQcatsQm tov ^HQaxXstov iv xoiXp %c9Q£p 
iviiSQSV6sv^ S%cov tovg nsXtaOtdg. SfvaSlrg^iUQf^ 



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L I B. V. C A P. I. 149 

mM$(f 0wiKU%Oy qxov ot xmv ^Ad^ivaiav osclVtai , ^i}- 
pmvhovavTmv^yovfiiffQVj nal avificu/vov tov^HQa-' 
nXatov iuinstva cag hixaiisKa 6ta8iovgj ivQ^ari Tqit- 
nvQyCa uaXsPtai. aMOv0€ig dl tavta 6 Jb^oiara^ ifioip- it 
^H fkBxa ta t(Sv AiyivTKtAv wd 6vv tots tSv v€(Sv ijtir- 
P(ita&g xoi SuaQtunmv ot itv%ov avto^i naQovtsg 
imtm. xal an/o ridv xXi^Qttifidtmv dh tmv ix tiSv vsmv 
ixTiQvia fioffi^sPi/ 000^ iXsvd-sQoi bUv &6t ifioiid^ow 
xal tovtmv xoJiXoiy o,n idvvato Sxa6tog onkov i%mv. 
iful dh sciCQiiUaiav ot TCQmtov trpf ividQaVj il^avi^tav^ ^^ 
tai ol xbqI tav XaflQlaVj xccl sv^g r^xovtiiov xai ificcX^ 
kov. ini^av ih xal ot ix tmv vsmv oacofisfiipcotsg 
oxXlfcac. xalot lih/ iCQmxocj axs ovisvog a^Qoov Sv^ 
tog^ ta%viaci^avovj mv t^v FoQymTCag xs xaL olAa^ 
xsSacit4vcoc ' iscsl dh oixoi ixe^ov^ hQaztfiav H^ xccL ot 
£Uot. xai ani^avov^ifcvtjfcmv filv mg nBvxrpcovxa xal 
ixccxov^ iivoc dh xal fi/roocot xal vaOxai xccxccdsdQaix/ij^ 
xoxsg ovx iXdttovg iiaxoiStmv. ix dh tovtov ot ftii^lS 
'Adifvalk>t^ m6nsQ iv sIqijvQj ijcXsov tr^v ^aXattav 
ovShy&Q t^^Etsovlx^ iid^sXov ot vavtac^ xabcsQ ava^ 
yxalovtc i(ifidXXscv^ hcsl iiuS^ov ovx idtdov. 

*Ex dl tovtov ot AccxsdaifiovcoL TsXsvttav av 
ixl tavtji ixscipLicoviSvv inl tavtag ticg vavg vavccQ%ov. 
mg 8h sldov avtov rjxovta ot vavtac, vnsQiiod^6av. 6 
d' avtovg 6vyxaXi6ag slics toiaSs. ^Sl oviQsg ^tQattm- 14 
taty iym %Qiifiaxa fthv ovx i%mv rpcm' iav fkivtot d^sog 
id^Xy xal Vfiag 6v^iCQotvfLr^6^Sy xstQWSoiiaL ta im- 
tiidsta vftiv mg %Xst6ta xoQt^stv. sv (f l6tSf iym otav 
viimv aQ%mj sv%ofkai ts ovdlv f^ttov {^i/ vfMg f^ xal 
iftavtovy ta t incfffista ^av^Mmts f^v av l6mgj si 
fpaiffv fiovXs^&at vftag ftaXXov^ iftl Ixstv' iym Sl v^ 
xovg d^sovg xal isifictftfiv av avtog ftaXXov ivo 'iftiQag 



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150 ilB. V. CAP. L 

&6itog ^ ifuig filav ysvi6^m* ^ ys fi^^v d^vga q ^ 
ivipxto fih^ Si^xov xol XQ6(f&6v[sicUvai]tp iBOfi,hff 

15 ti ifiovy dvBciistav di xal vvv. S6t€ otav Vfutg nXrn^ 
lxijt€ ta iteitijdeia , tote xal ifih oifS6d^ ag)9w(6t£ifov 
diaitcifisvov * fjv dh dvsx6f$sv6v f$s oQ&ts xa\ iy^xn xal 
f^aXieri xal dyQvnvtav^ ots6^s xal vfutg tavta ndvta 
xaQtsQstv. ovShv yaQ iym tovttov xsXsva vfidg noistv 
tva dviSad^Sj dXX tva ix tovtmv dya^6v tv Xafifidvfjts. 

16 xal $ 7t6Xig di toi^ Sgyij , tS avdQsg 6tQatic5tai^ 17 iifis^ 
tiQa^ 7j doxst svdaifimv slvai^ sv t6ts oti tdyaX^d $ud 
td xaXd ixtij6ato ov f^^dvfioikfa^iXXdid^iXovtta xai no^ 
vstv xal xivdwsvsiVj 6n6ts dioi. xal vfistg oiv^s fikv 
xal itQotSQOVy mg iyd olda^ ovdQsg dyad^oi' vvv dh 
nsiQ&Cd-ai xQTi iti dfisivovag yiyvsCd^aiy tv^ ^dimg fikv 

17 CvfinovcSfisvy ^dimg di 6wsvdaifiovcSfiiSV. ti yaQ ijdiov 
^ fiijdiva dv^QcincDv xoXaxsvsiv fiijts ^XXrfva fnjts 
pdQfiaQov hfsxa fii6di)Vj dXX* iavtotg txavovg slvcu 
td imtijdsia noQi^s^d^aiy xal tavta otsvnsQ xdXXi^ 
6tov ; ri yaQ toi iv noXifip dno tcSv noXsfiian/ dg>dwia 
sd tots oti afia tQogyijv ts xal svxXsiav iv naOiv dv- 
^Qcinoig naQi%nai. 

18 'O fikv tavt slnsv, ot Sh ndvtsg dvsfi6ri6av nccQ- 
ayyiXXsiv o^ti dv dijjj dg 6g>c5v vnijQStijO^vtGn/. 6 

-- — i^sdvfiivog itvyxavsv slns dij "Aysts^ mavdQsg^ 
isinfyij^ats fiivy aansQ xal ifiiXXsts' nQonaQd<S%s- 
6^e 8i fioi fii&g ijfiiQag attov. Insita dh fjxsts inl 
tdg vavg avtCxa fidXay oneig nXsvaciifisv Iv^a ^sbg 
IQid^iXsiy iv xaiQp dq>ti6fisvoi. insid^ 81 ^Xd^ov^ iftr- 
fiifiaadfisvog avtovg slg tdg vavg inXsi trfg wxxbg sig 
tov Xifiiva tmv ^A^vaimv^ toth fihv dvanavmv xcd 
naQayyiXXmv dnoxoi^aa%my tot% 8\ xcinaig nQoaxo- 
§ut6fiSvog. sl 8i tig vnoXafifidvsi mg dipQ6vmg fnXsi 



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LIB. V. CAP. I. 151 

iwd9X9C tQiiiQng i%an/ ixl aoXXag vccvg xsxriifkivovgy 
iwovfiiitm tov uvaXoyufiiov avtov. ixstvog yag ivO'- 20 
^MBv eifiiXictBQOv ^ihv i%siv tovg ^Ad^vaCovg itSQl ro 
iv t^ kiniivL^avti/xov FoQyeixa aTeoXcoXotog ' sl ds xai 
slsv tQiijQSig OQfkOVCaiy a6^alifftSQ0v 'fiyr^tiaxo in 
sixoiSi vavg ^A^ipnfiiv o^&iSag nXsvCai ij aXXod^i dixa. 
xmv fikv yaQ I|(d ^dsv oti xata vavv i(isXXov ot vaHtat 
4Smiv^6SiVy tmv d* ^A^^vr^dv iylyvi06xsv otv ol [aIv 
tQtijQaQXOt ol^xoi xad^svdii^oisv^ oC dh vavtai aXXog aA* 
Xxi Hxfrivrfiovsv. inXst fthv d^ taika dtavorfi^sCg * iicsidri 21 
4h dxstxs leivts ^ £$ Ctiidta tov Xtfiivog, r^iSvxiav slxs 
Halavinavsv. mg Sh rnkiQa viei^atvsv y riysltO' ol d% 
fyerpcoXovd^iWv. xal xatadvstv fjih/ ovx sCa OtQoyyvXov 
reXoXov ovSh Xvftaivs^d^at tatg iavt&v vavaCv sl di 
Mv tQii^Qrj tdotsv OQpLovcaVy tavtrjv lestQ&iS^at aieXovv 
seotstv^ ta Sh ipOQtrjytTta nXota xal yiftovta dvadovfii^ 
vovg aystv iiio , ix ih ttSv (ist^oviov iftPaCvovtag oitov 
dvvaimo tovg dv^Qcinovg Xaftfiavstv, '^^av di ttvsg 
oV ml ix7enfidrj6avtsg slg to ^styita iftTedQovg ti ttvag 
xal vavxXi^QOvg 0waQied0avtsg slg tdg vavg slifijvs^ 
yxav. fthv d^ tavta insnotrjxst. tiSv dh ^Adrjvaiaiv^ 
cC (ihv aliJ^Ofisvot ivdo9sv i^sov i^G>, 6xsip6ii,svot ttg rj 
XQCcvyij 9 oC dh i^cod^sv otTtads iiel td o^Ao; , oC dh xal slg 
&6tv dyysXovvtsg. yedvtsg d* ^AdTjvatot tots ifior^^- 
ifav xal o^elttat xal Cnxstg^ iog tovnstQatcSg iaXoh- 
xotog. 6 dh td fihv reXota dTeiatstXsv slg Atytvav , xal 23 
z6v tQinlQCDv tQstg i} tittaQag &waxayaystv ixiXsvasj 
tatg dh SXXatg leaQcaeXicav leaQat^v ^Atxtxr^v^ atsix 
xov Xtftdvog 7eXic9Vy noXXd xal aXtsvttxd iXafis xal 
xoQ&ftsta dv&Qcijecsyv (is6tdy xataseXiovta dieo v^ 
^cyv. isel dh Sovvtov iXd^dv xai bXxddag ysitoiiifag tdg 
piv tivag iSitov , tdgdhxali(iyeoXiigyiXafis. tavtadhSA 



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J52 LIB.V. CAP. L 

iicotii6€cg U7ti3tXsv0€v sig Myivav. xal uicodoiuvog fir 
IdtpvQa itfivogiLia^ov XQovdcons totg 6tQaxitka^. nnA 
%6 koucov Sh nsQutXdo7V ikafifiavhv o,ti idihato. uai 
tavta nouov ^ijQstg ta tag va^Og ltQsq>e nal tovg tfv^- 
tuotag slxsv ridiiog X€d taxi&g wcnQstovvtag. 

25 V> Sh ^AvtakKldag Katifiij (ihv pLSta TvQifidiov duc-- 

S8T. xsxQayiiivog Cvfk(Mx%Btv fia0iXia , si lifj id^iXouv ^jidr^ 
vatot xal olcvyLfucxoi x^tf^t v^ ^Un^ V ^^^ f^ 
ysv. Ag d* ^Tcoves NixoXoxov 6vv tatg vavcl xoXu>q^ 
xst^d^ai iv *Afivdqi v%6 ^I^MQatovg xal AunCpLov , n^ri 
jDX^TO slg'Afiv8ov. ixst&sv dh Xafiav to vavtutov w-- 
xtogavijy^tOy 9w0fuiQas Xoyov tog fkstamfinofUvw 
tSv KaXxtjdovicav* oQiiusdfisvog di ivIlsQXmtig ^ev- 

i^xi^vslxsv. aiod^onsvoi 8h ol tcsqI Af^ivsiov xdi Am- 
vv0u>v xid Asovtixov xal Ossviav idimxov avtov tifir 
hd IlQOXOwif^ov' 6 8*y insi ixstvoi naQinXsv6aVy 
vnoctQi^ag sigZ4fiv8ov dq>ixstOyfjxfix6si yaQ oti nQoe^ 
nXioi UoXvisvog aymv tdg dno ZvQoxowsmv xsd^Ita^ 
Xiagvavgstxo0yv^ on<x)g dvaXdfiot xal taikccg. iu 8i 
tovtov 0Qa6vfiovXog 6 KoXXvtsvg ixtov vavg oxtm 
inXsv dno ®Qdxijgy fiovX6(Uvog tatg aXXatg ^Atttxatg 

21 vaval 6v[i^il^<u. 6 8h ^AvtaXxiSag , insl avt^ ot cxonoi 
i6iliMlvav oti nQ06nXiouv tQniQsig 6xt<6, iiifiifid^ag 
tovg vavtag slg 8(68sxa vavg tdg aQUfta nXsov6agj xol 
nQO^nXi^Qsi^a^d^av xsXsvoag f s£t$g ivs8stto^ ix tcSv 
xataXsinofbh&v ^ hnj8QSvsv ag iSvvato d^avi6tata, 
insl 8h naQinXsovy i8i(oxsv* ot 8* i86vtsg ig>svyov. 
tdg fthv ovv fiQa8vtata nXsovcag tatg oQUHa nXsov-^ 
6aig taifjb xatstXii^st * naQayysiXag 8h totgnQcnonXaig 
tmv fi^' aiftov fi^i i^LfiaXstv taJtg votdxaigy idtmxs 
tdg nQOsxov6ag. insl 8k tavtag IXafisv, I86vtsg ol 
wftsQO^ aXusxoiiivoi^ 6(f<ov ovtAv tovg nQonXovg 



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L I B. V. C A P- I. 153 

ix' a9vfiiag xal xmv fii^dvziQfov i^Uauovto * m6^* 
jf A«itf ai/ Sza6ai. ixsl d' ^Xd^ov avt^ eX ts in JEvQar- 28 
xov6idv v^Bg elhco6tVy rjld^ov dh xal at ano *IwfCag^ 
o6^g iyxQaf^ ^v T^Qifiaiogj 6vvsxXfj(f(6^6av dh xal 
ix t^g *A(fi>ofiaQidvovgj xal yitQ ^v ^ivog ix naXawv 
t^^AQiofiaQldvBi,^ 6 dh 0aQvdfiaiog rjdfi avaxBxXruki^ 
vog f5j|(£T0 ai/(o, o%b dq xa\ iyfjiu t^v fia6iXimg d^a- 
tiQa' 6 di ^AvtahMag Ysvoiiivaig taXg jcd6aig vav6l 
nXsio6w ^ oydoiixovta ixQatst t^g d^aXdttijg' S6ts 
nal tdg ix tov Ildvtov vavg ^A^va^s (khv ixdXvs xa-* 
tanXstVy slg di tovg iavtSv 6v[iiidxovg xatiifsv. 0^29 
f&W ovv*A^iilvatoiy OQsavtsgfiiv noXXdg tdg noXsfUag 
vofGgy q>ofioviisvo$ di fiq tig nQOtsQov xatastoXsii/fi^si- 
fl6avy 6viiiidxov AaxsdamovCoig fia^iXimg ysysvfuii- 
vov^ xoXiOQxovfuvoid^ ixf^gAiyivijgvnd tSvXij^tmv^ 
did tavta [ikv i6xvQ(Sg ins^(iow f^g siQijvfig. ot d* 
av Aaxsda^ioviotj g>Q0VQ0vvtsg (ioq^ liiv iv As- 
X^^iPi V^Q9 ^' iv^OQXoiisv^y ifyvXAttovtsg Sh tdg n6^ 
Xstg^ dlg iikv ini6tsvovy ix^ dnoXowto^ alg Sh fini6tow^ 
l/L^q dno6tatsv^ nQayiiata d* ix^vtsg xal naQixovtsg 
^nsQl t^v K6Qiv^ovy x^^^^^S i(psQOv tip noXiiip. oZ 
ys li^v ^AoystOiy sld6tsg q>QOVQdvts nsipa6iiivfiv iq>* 
iavtovg xal yi/yvto6xovtsg oti ^ tSv iirivtSv vnog>oQd 
o^idiv iti 6fpag mtpsXfi^si^ xal ovtoi sig t^v siQ^vfiv 
nQO^VLOi fJ6av. &6t insl n^cQifyysiXsv 6 TtQifiatog 30 
naQsUfai tovg fiovXofiivovg vnaxov6ai ^v (ia6iXsvg sl- 
Q^vffv xataniiinoi^taxi&gndvtsgnaQsyivovto. insl 
Si 6wiiX»ovy inidsiificg 6 TiQifiaiog td fia6iXiwg 6fi- 
\ksla dvsyiyvm6xs td ysyQo^i^iva. slxs Si &ds. 

'AQtnkiflivs fia6tXsvg vo^i iixaiov tdg fLh ivSl 
f g *A6if n6Xsig iavtov slvai xai t^v i^an/ KXaifiiu^ 
vag xaLKvnQov^ tdg 8\ aXXag'EXXiivt9ag noXsig xd 



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154 LIB. V. CAP. I 

fiiMQag wd [isyaXag aitov6fUivg dg>€tvat. nKtiv Aii^vw 
xal '^iifiQov xal Zxvqov xavtag Sk Smbq tro aQ%atov 
dvaL^A^f^altav. oic6tBQOi di tavtfiv t^v slQtjvriv fi^ 
dixovtai^ tovtotg iyd sroA^fiiftffi) ^ra tfSv tairta fiov- 
XofUvav xal itsifj xal xatd 9akattav xal vawA xal 

%Q1Jlia6lV, 

82 *Axovovt8g ovv tavta oC dito tcSv noXsmv nQi^ 
6fisig dnr^yyskXov inl tdg iavtcov SxaOtoi ndXsig. xal 
ol ^v aXXoi ndvtsg wfiwCav iiknsdmHsiv taika^ ot 9h 
Sflfiatoi '^i^vv vniQ ndvtwv Boiwtmv ofivvvai* 6 8% 
^AyrfiCXaog ovx Sqyij di^s^d^ai tovg oQxovg^ idv fn} 
oiivvmciv^ Sotcsq td fiaoiXimg yQapLiiaxu iXsysVy av^ 
tovofiovg slva^ xal ^iixQdv xal [isydXijv xoXvv. oC Sk 
t(Sv BrifiaCmv XQiofisvg IXsyov ot^ ovx ins6taXiUva 
0ipC6v taivt stff\. '^ts wv^ ig>i^ 6 ^AyrfiCXaogj xai iQOH 
tdts' dnayyiXXsts d* avtotg xal tavta^ oti sC fiii 
noviqOov6L tavta^ ixffnovdot l^ovtai. oC(ihv d^m%ovto. 

33 6 d^ *AyrioCXaog did trjv nQog BijfiaCovg i%%Qav ovx 
^fifAAet/, dXXd nsCtSag tovg kpOQovg svdvg idvsto. 
insl di iyivsto td diafiatiiQvay dg>ix6(isvog sCgtfjv Te- 
yiav dvinsiins [ilv tmv Cnniav xatd tovg nsQtoCxovg 
iniansvaovtag y diinsfins 81 xal ^svayovg sCg tdg no^ 
Xsig. nQlv 8h avtov OQ^d^vai, ix Tsyiag^ naQij<fav 
ot Srifiatoi Xiyovtsg oti dg>iaOi tdg noXsig avtov6(iovg. 
xal oikm Aaxs8ai(iQvu)i fihv otxa8s dn^^Xd-oVj 0fifiat6i 
8* sCg tdg 0nov8dg sCosXd^stv rivayxdodi^6av , avtovo^ 

i^fLovg dfpivtsg tdg BotarcCag noXsig. oC 8' av KoqCv^ 
^ioi ovx i^insiinov triv tmv ^AQysCcav ^QOvQav. dXX^ 
yAyrioCXaog xal tovtotg nQOstns y totg (livy sC (i/ii in^ 
ni(kifOisv tovg ^AQysCovg^ tot^ 8iy sC f*^ dnCoisv ix rqg 
KoqCv^ov^ otL n6Xs(iov iioCast nQogainovg. insl8h 
ipofi^ivtmv diKpotiQcov il^X^ov oC *AQystOi xtd avrij 



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LIB. V. CAP. I. II. 155 

inff^ «iftifs 4 tm/ KoQitV^imv noXig iyivBtOy ol ikkv 
^^pofst^ xid oC listaitiotrov iQyov €cvtol yvovtsg amjX^ 
&0V ia vqg Ko^Mov * ol d' aXXoL xoXttav ixovtsg wxx^ 
sU%ovto tovg nQoe^Bv g>Bvyovtag, 

^Bxsl dh tavi iitQax^ xal miim(M7u6av at TCoXaig^^ 
^i^BVBlv iv ty Blifiivfi ijv xatixBfi,i;B fiaaiXB^ug^ tovtov 
iuXvfhfi iihv ta XBia^ duXv^ 81 xal ta vavtixa 
0tQatBviUKta. AaxBdaLfiovtoi^ iikv d^ xal ^A^hfjfvaCoig 
xai totg ovfifuixoig ovtm iista tov vatBQov noXBfiov 
t^ xad^aiQiCBmg tav ^A^tfvrfii, tBix&v avtr^ nQmtri bI^ 
Q^v^ iyivBto. iv dh tp noXifip imXXov avtiQQoitmgSC 
votg ivavtioig nQatxovxBg ol Aaxsdai(i6vioi noXv inir- 
xvdiatsQOi iyivovto ix t^g in ^AvtaXxidov siQiivijg 
naXovfiivi^g. nQodtatcu, yuQ ysvofuvot t^g vno fia- 
Cilimg xatansiktpd^stisrig stQr^vrig xai ttjv avtovoiUav 
ratg noXsai nQattovtsg^ nQoaiXafiov iihv 6viiiiaxov 
KoQivd^ovj avtovonovg dh ano tSv Bripaiwv tag 
Boimtiag noXsig inoirjoavj ovnsQ naXat ins^vfLOw^ 
inavoav Sh xcd ^AQysiovg KoQiv&ov OfpstsQiioiki^ 
povg^ g)QOVQav qy^vavtsg in' avtovg^ stfiri iitouv ix 
KoQtvd^ov. 

Tovtanf dh nQoxBXfOQrixotGfv ag ifiovXovto^ idoisv IL, 
avtotgj o6ot iv tp noXijip tmv 6vii(idx&v inixstvto^ 
xol totg noXsiUoig sviisviatSQOt rfiav ^ vq AccxsdaifLo- 
w, tovtovg xoXa6ai xdl xataaxsvdoat ag fi^ dvvaiv- 
ro anurtstv. nQmtov ithv ovv niptimvtBg nQog tovg 
Mavtiviag ixiXsviSav avtovg to tstxog nsQUUQStv, Xi-- 
yovtsg oti ovx av niatsvcsiav aXXmg avtotg iirj 6vv 
totg noXsfitoig yBvidd^at. at6^avs6^ai yaQ ig>a6ccv xci 2 
ig 6ttov SiinBftnov totg *AQysiotg 6q>(&v aitotg noXsr- 
ftovvtc9Vj xal dg l6tt ^thv Sts ovdh 6v6tQatBvot8v ixs^ 
%sujtav nQog>a6ti6fiBvoty onots dh xal dxoXov^otsv^ a^ 



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15« LIB. V. CAP. n. 

Maudis CvatQtttsvouv. k% 81 yiyvm^iuiv ig>aOav qAo^ 
t^owra^ l»hfavwvgy stttCfplMf ayad^vyiyvonoy iyij- 
doiUvovg d\ Bt tig cvft^OQct %Q06ninxov. iUyovto dl 
Kal at 67Cov8al ilsXTjlvd^va^ roli? Mavtweiksv tovttgi 
r j5 itBi at futa tr^v iv MavtivaUf ^pi;v tQueHOvtaa- 

3 tslg ysvdiuviu. hcBl ^ ovx rid^siov xadmQBtv %a td^ 
XHj VQovQav tpaCvov6iv iji avtovg. ^jiyfjOiXccog pthvow 
idsij9ri tijg ndXeiog atp^vai, ainovxavtrigv^g ^tQwtft' 
yiagy Xiytov ott t^ natQl avtov ^ tSv Mavtivimv ff o- 
Xig xoXXa vni^QBuixov iv totg XQog MBiS6^vr(v fCoXi^ 
HLOtg' ^Ayri6l%oXtg 8% Si^yayB vqv q>Q0VQav xal fuiXa 
nav6aviov tov natQog avtov g)iXtnmg Ixovtog nQog 

^tovg iv MavtivBia tov dii(iov nQoatdtag. 6g dh ivi^ 
w5,fiaXB, nQtStov yihf tqv yr^ ii^gov. ind dh ovif ovtto 
KBC^QOw ta tBtxriy tatpQov mQvttB nvHXq^ nBQl fqv 
noXtVy totg fih/ r^yd^BCi, t&v otQatianSv nQomd^ifii^ 
voig avv totg onXotg tSv tag>QBv6vtfov, totg d' rifktCB^ 
6iv iQyalpikivotg. insl dl iiatQyaOto ^ tdg>Qogj aaqm" 
X(Sg rjdij xvkX^ tstxog nBQl tr^v noXiv pxoi6iiri66v. ai^ 
6d^fuvog dh oti 6ttog iv tfj noXst noXvg ivBAjy bvb- 
triQtag yBvofiivrig ttS nQ^O^BV itBtj xal voftl6€tg %aX^ 
nov iOB^d^at^ bI dBiJ66t noXw xqovov tQvxBiv ^tQatBC* 
aig ti^v tB noXiv xai tovg 6viipdxovg^ anixoHfB tov ^ 

5 ovta notofLOv dut tijg noXBng ikdX ovta BVfuyidri. i^ 
q^a%9Bt6^g Sh t^g anoQQolag ^QBto to vd(OQ vniQ tB 
tmv vn6 tatg oixicug xal vnkQ tSv vno rji tBl%Bi %b^ 
liBXtmv. ^BXfiikivmv Sh ttSv xdtm nXtv^mv xal nQoi^ 
dov6&vtag avm, to fkkv nQWtov iQQfqywto to tBt%ogy 
bcBita d\ xai ixXtvBto. ot dh x9^vov yLiv ttva ivXm 
avt^QBtiov xal inkrjxavmno mg ^ nintoi 6 nvQyog' 
inBl di rfttmvto tov vdatog^ dst^avtBg fii} nB66vtog 
nji to^C xvxXtp tBi%ovg SoQidXato^yii/oi/vto^ di^oXdyow 



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LIB. V. CAP. II. 157 

ntQm^iSBiv. olShAa7udai(i6vu>iovKiq>a6av6ieBUtt^ 
69a^ si li^nal dioimotvto xava Hafiag. ol d* av vofU^ 
0aweg dvdyxtiv Blvai^ 6wkpa6av 9taX tavta %ovq6Biv, 
oloyLivnv dl dnoQ^avMtut t<Sp aQyoXiiovtav xai tav^ 
rov dijiiov %Q06tatAv^ iisxQaiato 6 nat^Q xaQa tov 
*Ayrfiiic6lt8oQ dagniXBiccv a^dto^ y$vi09at dnalkatto- 
(tivoig ix 1% ic6Xsa)gy i^xovta ev^u xoA ai^potiQOh' 
^ (ihf t^g odov doidiuvot dno tav nvXSv ijifyvtsgtd 
ioQataoCAaxsdaiii^vtotsiftcuJav, d^smitsvottovg iiir- 
ovtag. xal fMfovvtsg a^itovg oiiag dnsC%ovto avtdv 
^ov ^ oC fiiXttOtoi, t&v Mavttvsmv. hoA tovto likv slr- 
Qiia^m iiiya tsxiniQiov nsid^OQX/Cccg. ix dh tovtov xa^ 7 
Wi^ likv tro tstxog^ di^xt6%rr^ 9* ^Mavthista tstQa- 
Xg^ xad^dnsQ to oQxatov ^ow. xal to ph^ XQmtov 
ijX^ovtOj ott tdg iikv vnaQxovaag obUag Sdsi xa^atQsVv^ 
ikXag dh oixoiofistv - insl dh oC Sxovt sg tdg ovcCag iy^ 
yvtSQov iihf 0XOW tav x^oQCmv^ ovtiov avtoCg xsqI 
tdg xniiiagj dQi0toxQatC^ d' ixQavtOy dntjXXayiiivot 8* 
ijoap tc5v fiaQicov drniaycoyiSv^ ijdovto totg nsnQceyni' 
votg, xaL Snsnnov iihv avtotg oC jiaxsdatftovtot ov 
xa^* Svj dXXd xatd xcinfjv sxddtijv %svay6v. 0ws^ 
OxQatsvovto d^ ix tiSv xcsitiSv noXv nQod^vii^tS" 
Qov i} Sts idfii$oxQatovvto. xal td i»iv 8^ nsQl 
MavttvsCag ovtia 8tsninQaxtOy ifoq>aniQcov ysvoy^i^ 
vnv tavvg ys tiSv dvd^Qchcayv to fi^ 8td tstx&v nota^ 
Itdv notsta^at. 

OC d' ix 0Xtovvtog ipsvyovtsg at6f^av6fksvot totfg 8 
AaxsiatftovCovg ixtaxonowtag tSvHvftitdx^v onotoCdn^ 
tivsg hta6tot iv tdi aoXiitp avtotg iysyiviprco^ xatQOV 
^aditsvoty inoQsvd^aav slg Aaxs8aCfL0va xal iiiSa^ 
exov mg icag itkv 0g>stg otxot ^aav, i8^st6 ts ii noXtg 
tovgAaxsiatitovCovg sigto tst^og xaiawsatQatsvovto 



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158 LIB. V. CAP. II. 

OXO0 iffotvto - insl d\ 6g>ag «dtovg ill;ifiaXoVj mg Isr^- 
6^ai fikv ovdafLOt i^iXovBv^ iiovovg dh jcdvtfDv dv^m^ 
nmv AaxsdaifLoviovg oi dixoivto st6iO tmv nvXSv. 
9aHov6a6iv ovv tavta totg itpoQOig a^iov iioisv inv- 
fftQoqy^g slvat. xal nifiifavtBg XQog t^v tmv 0lia6tmv 
TCoXiv ik&yov mg g>iXoi iihv ol gyvyddsg rg jiaxsieufLO^ 
vUov noXsi slsvy ddtxovvtsg d' ovdhv fpsvyotsv. aS^ow 
j' itpa6av li/rj vtC dvdyxfjg^ dXXd naQ* ixovtmv tfia- 
nQdlaa^at xatsX^stv avtovg. & d'^ dxov6avtsg ol 
0Xtd6u)i Idsufav fii^ sl dtQatsv6aivto in* avtovgy tav 
hfdod^sv icaQslvi^dv tivsg wdtovg stg t^v niXtv. xaL 
yaQ 6vyysvstg noXXol ivdov '^aav tcSv ^svyovtatv xcci 
SXXag svfkBvstgy xal ola d^ iv tatg nXs£6tatg x6Xs6i 
vsoniQ&v tivhg iici^yLovvtsg sCQayfidtan/ xatdysvv 

10 ipoiiXovto t^v q>vyijv. toiavta iih/ 8^ fpopvfi^ivtsg^ 
hfni^i^avto xataSi%s6%m tovg tpvyddag^ xal ixstvoig 
liiv dicodovvat td i(iq>avii xtijiuctay tovg dh td ixslvav 
TCQiaiiivovg ix dfiiio6tov t^v ttyi/qv dicoXafistv ' st 8i ti 
dii^tXoyov yCQog dXXi^Xovg ytyvoito^ dtxij diaxQcd^vau 
xal tavta [ihv avTCSQl t&v9Xia6tmvipvyddmv iv ixsC^ 
vp tfS XQOvp iicijCQaxto. 

11 ^E^^AxdvQ^ov Sh xal ^AicoXXmvtag^ alnsQ fisyi6tai 
sf^ tiSv nsQfi^Xvvdvv noXsmv^ nQi6fistg dtptxovto stgAa^ 

xsdcUnova. dxov6avtsg 8* oC ifpoQoc £v Svsxa ^xov^ 
nQo6ijyayov avtovg nQog ts f^v ixxXri6tav xal tovg 

12 6Vfkfid%ovg. ivd^a Ji} KXsi/yivijg *Axdv%iog iXs^sVj ^ 
avdQsgAaxsdacfuivcottsxdi ^vftfiaxocy olofis^a Xav- 
d^dvsiv vfiag nQayfia [liya gyuofisvov iv vg *EXXddi. 
0€t fAv yaQ tmv inl BQ^xr^g fisyt6tfi xoXtg "OXvv 
^g 6xsd6v ndvtsg int^ta^d^s. ovtot tmv noXsmv 
nQo6fffdyovto itp ^s vofioig totg ccvtotg xQ^^d^at xal 
^vftnoXttsvstv * instta di xal tmv fistiovcDv jCQo^ifMr 



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LIB. V. CAP. II. 159 

^v ttip($g. ix di tovtov iTtexeiQfiCav xal ras t^g Ma^^ 
Ksdovtag Tcoksig iXsvd^sQOvv ano ^Afivvtov tov MauB^ 
dovmv §a6iXi(og. inal Sh el^r^xovaav at iyyvtata av^ 13 
tmvy taxv xal hcl tag noifQca xal (lei^ovg i%oQevovto ' 
xal xatsXinoiisv i^fistg i%ovtag ijdij alXag ts TtoXkag 
xal niXXav^ ilnsQ {kBylatri tmv iv MaxsSovCa noXsfov ' 
xcd *Af/bvvtav Sh ya^avoiisd^a anoxoiQOVvtd ts ix tcSv 
itoXstov xal Saov ovx ixTtsntmxota ^di] ix ndaijg Ma- 
xsdovlag. Ttifiifavtsg di xal stQog rnuig xal nQog *AnoX- 
XmvidtagoC^OXvvd^iot nQostnov iniXv oti sl fi^ naQsaol- 
fLsdu OvatQatsvaofisvot^ ixstvot itp ^fiag toisv. i^fistg 14 
ddy a avdQsg AaxsdatfMvtot, fiovXofisd^a filv totgna- 
tQloig v6fioig XQiiiJd^at xdl avxonoXttat slvar sl fiivtot 
fn^ fioffi^iSst ttg^ dvdyxrj xal i^fitv fist ixsivtov yiyvs- 
Cd^at. xaitot vvv y ijSfj avtotg slelv onXttat fihv ovx 
iXdttovg ixtaxooifov^ nsXtaetal dh noXv nXsiovg ij to^ 
aoHtot ' Cnnstg ys fisvtoi^ idv xal i^fistg fist avtcSv ys- 
vcifisd^ay laovtat nXsiovg ij xiXioi. xatsXinofksv 8\ xal 15 
^A^TjvaCfov xai Boim&v nQitsfistg r^dr^ avtod^i. ^^xovo- 
fisv dl dg Xid avtotg ^OXwd^iotg itlniq>t0fksvov strj ovfir- 
nifknsiv nQiofisig sig tavtag tdg noXstg nsQl iSvfifia'' 
Xfag, xaitot si tonavtri dvvafiig nQoHysvriiSstaL tjj ts 
Adrjvaiiov xol @ri^aiiov l6xvty oQ&ts^ iipriy omog fiij 
ovxitt svfutaxsiQtiJta iotat ixstva vfitv. insl di xal 
Ilotidatav ix^v6tv inl tm lad^ftS tijg UaXXijvrig otJ- 
ifaVf vofii^sts xal tdg ivtog tavtr^g noXsig vnrjxoovg 
i6siS%aL avtiov, tsxft^iiQtov d* ht iatio vf/ktv xal toiko 
ottl^xvQiog avtat aC n6Xstg nsipofirivtat' fuiXtataydQ 
iu60v6at tovg ^OXwd^iovg ofi^iog ovx itoXfjtrjiSav ftsd'* 
^fiSv nQS6fisiag nifinstv dtdal^ov6ag taOta, iwoijifats 16 
81 xid t6dsj niog slxog vfiag trig fthv Botcatiag intfts- 
Xrfi^vat oncog fi^ xad^ h^ st% noXv dl fisi^ovog dd^Qot^ 



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160 LIB. V. CAP. II. 

ioiiivfis 8wdiis&s &fiBXi}aecty ftal taHtfig ov Hota y^ 
fioVor, akXa xal xata ^akattav l6%VQas yvyvoikiwn$, 
tiyaQ dii xa\ i^nodtov^ otcov ^vka iihf vavmiyiffftfia 
iv avtfl t^ X^QOi i^^ci^ XQfuuitayi/ dl iCQOdodot in mA* 
ISviihvktiiiifan/^ aoXXmv 8* ifijeoQtanfj ftoXvavd'Q&' 

17 nia ys fi^^v dia triv fCoXv6itCav vfcaQ%Bv\ aXXa ^v tucI 
ytitovisy shlv avtotgBQ^xsg ol afiaalXwcoi, oX^b- 
Qascevov^t fkkv xal vvv fj8fi tovg ^OXwd^iovs ' sl ih vfi 
ixsivois laovtaiy noXXri xal avtfj dvvafus nQo6yivon 
av avtots* tovtmv fifjv axoXov^ovvtanf xal ta ivtfi 
Ilayyaip %Qvc$ia %8tQa avavtotg ifdfi dQiyov. ftal rov- 
tmv "^fists ovilv Xiyofisv o^tc ov xal iv t^ tmv *OXvv* 

18 ^lmv diiftp fivQtoXsxtov i6tL to ya ft^^v q>Q6vfifia av^ 
tmv tCav tis Xiyoc; xal yaQ 6 ^sos t6ms inoCffiBv SpM 
ta dvvaiS^ai xal ta ^Qovijfiata aviscd^ac tmv av^Qm^ 
fcciv. fifiBts fhf ovvy ci avdQSs Aaxsdaifiovcoi rs xat 
ifvfAfiaxoc, ^ayyiXXofUvotitaxBt oSta>s i%sr vfitsts iA 
fiovXsvscd^Sy sl doxsta%ia incfi^sXsCas slvai. dst y$ ftiiv 
vfias 9cal t6ds sldivai^ ms fjv slQijxafisv dvvafuv fuyd^ 
Xfiv Ofiaavy oihcm dv0xdXacOt6s icttv at ^aQ axov- 
tiav ttSv fc6Xsaiv f^s noXttsCas xotvaivoviJaty avtaty av 

19 tt tdmiStv avtCacaXoVj ta%v dsco6tij<fovtat* si ftivtot 
ovyxXstadijaovtat tats ts iici/yafUats xal iyx^njiSsfU 
TCaQ dXXijXotSj as iilnig)t0ftivot siaiy xdtyvdaovtcct ocs 
fistd tmv XQatovvtmv Sfcs6^at xsQdaXiov i6tivy SaxsQ 
*AQxa8ssj otav fts^ vfiaivtaatj td ts avtmv 6i6iov6i 
xaltd dXX6tQta aQndlov6tv^ t6ms ovxi^ ofioCnssvXvta 
iatat. 

20 As%^ivtaiv 81 tovtmv i8iSo6av ol A€cxs8atft6vioi 
tots Cvftfid%ots X6yov xal ixiXsvov ^vftfiovXsfistv o^x€ 
ytyvci^xst tts aQt6tov t^ Ilslofcovvffim ts xai, totg 
avftfM%ots* ix tovtov ftivtot ^oAAol fth^ cwfiy^Qsvov 



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LIB. V. CAP. II. 161 

^xQOXiccv noutv^ lidki6ta di ot ^ovXoilbvoi %aQ{iB6^ai 
xot^ Aaxedaiiioviois^ xal ido^e Tcii/ineiv xo slg xovg fiv- 
Qiovg (Svvxayiia inaiSxriv nokvv, koyoi Sh iyivovxo aQ- 21 
yvQiov x£ dvx avdQmv i^atvat dtdovai r^ ^vXoiiivy 
x<Sv noXe&Vj xQvd^okov Aiytvatov nax aVd(>a, tnniaq 
xsetxcsnagixoi^ dvxl xBxxdgcov onXixSv xov ^icd^ov 
x^ tnnat didoo^m' si di xtg xmv noXscov ixXinov tri2i/22 
iJxQaxidvj iistvat Aaxedcuiiovioig ijtiirj^ioih Oxa- 
xiqift xaxd xov avdga x^^g '^fiiQag. insl de xavxa idolisv, 23 
dvaOxdvxsg ot ^Axdvd^tot itdltv idiSadxov mg xaika 
xakd filv slij xd priq)i0itaxa, ov fiivxot dwaxd xa%v 
nsgavd^vat, fiiXxtov ovv iq^aOav slvat^ iv oi avxri ^ 
TCaQa0xsvri dd^Qoi^otxo^ Ag xd%t6xa avdQa i^sXd^sTv aQ- 
%ovxa xal dvvafitv ix Aaxsdaiitovog xs^ o0fi av xa%v 
iiiXd^oty xal ix xtov aXXcDv noXscjv ' xovxov yaQ ysvo^ 
ftivov xdg xs ovno} nQO0xs%aiQ7ixviag noXstg 0xrlvat dv 
xaX xdg fisfitatf^ivag ^xxov dv 6vfifia%stv, dol^dvxcov 24 
8s xal xovxa^v ixnifknovotv ot Aaxsdatfwvtot EvdapLi- 
9avy xal 6vv avx^ vsodaficSdstg xs xal x&v TCSQtoixcnv 
xal x(Qv £xtQtx(dv avdQag cog dt0%tXiovg. 6 (livxot 
Etdafiidag s^tdiv Qotfiidav xov ddsXfpov sSsijd^ri xcSv 
icpOQoav xovg vnoXstTCOfiivovg xov savxp xqo^xs- 
xayfiivov dd^Qoi^atna fisxtivat' avxog di snsl dtpixsxo 
Blg xdnl &Q^xrig %c!)Qiaj xatg fikv dsofiivatg xc5v no^ 
Isciv ipQovQovg insfins^ Iloxidatav 8i xal nQO0iXafisv 
Sxov0av^ 0vfifia%ov f^8ri sxsivcjv ov0avy xal svxsv^sv 
oQficifisvog snoXifist S^nsQ sixog xov sXdxxa i%ovxa 
ivvafitv. 

O 81 0ot§i8ag^ snsl i^d^Qoi^di^^av avxp ol vnoXsir- 25 
cp^ivxsg xov Ev8aiii8ov^ Xafiov avxovg inoQSVSXO, (og 
8* iyivovxo iv®7Jfiatg^ i0xQaxons8sv0avxo (Jtiv i^co xiqg 
n6Xsc3gnsQlxd yvfivd^tov ^xa^taiovxov 8i x(Sv 9i]'- 
Xenoph. Hist. Gr. 11 



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162 LIB. V. CAP. II. 

fialanfy noXsfiaQXOvvtsg (ih/ hvy%avov*Ie^rivCag ts xai 
Asovtidirigj dii^poQoi 8\ ovtsg alXiiXoig xal aQxvy^^ 
BKatsQogt&v sTavQifSv. 6 ftiv ovv^Iff^f^viag dia td f^r- 
^og t(ov AaxsdaiiiovtGJV ovdh InXrieials tS Qoifilda ' 
6 ^svtOL Asovttddtig aXlcDg ts s^SQdnsvsv avtovy Kal 

26 insl si0G)xsLoid7jy iXsys tdSs. ^E^sati aoij c5 Ooi^idaj 
triSs ty ri^iQa iiiytiSta aya^d fj Csavtov natQidi 
vnovQy^aat ' idv ydQ dxoXovdijOjig ifiol tJvv totg onXi- 
taig^ sitjd^G) 6s iyto sig trjv dxQonoXtv. tovtov Sl ys- 
vofiivov voiA^s tdg 0i]Pag navtdnaCtv vito Aaxs- 

27 SatiioviotgHalriiktvtolgvikniQOtg^iXotgitisC^at. xai- 
totvvviiivy dgoQagy dTtoxsxriQvxtat ^r^Siva ^LStd 6ov 
6tQatsvstv @rjPaiGiv iji^OXvv^iovg ' idv Siys 6v tav- 
ta fisd'^ i^^&v nQd^^gg^ svdiig 6ot iqfitsig TtoXXovg piiv 
6%Xitagy TtoXXovg S\ tnTtiag ^vybniii^^Ofksv' &6ts noXX'^ 
Svvafist pori^rj6stg tp aSsXg>my xal iv ^ (liXXst ixsWo^ 
"OXwitov xata6tQig)S0&at ^ 6v xats6tQaiifiivog i6Bi 

28 @i]Pag, noXv fusiiooxdXtv^OXvvd-ov. dxov6ag Sh tavta 
6 0otfiiSag dvsxovtpi6%ri ' xal yaQ iji/ tov Xa^itQov tt 
xoi/ij6at xoXv fiaXXov rj rov gijv iQa6ti]gy ov fkivtot 
Xoytottxog ys ovSl ndw g^Qovtfiog iSoxst slvat. istsl 
Sh w(ioX6yi^6s taika, XQOOQftiQOat fihv avtov ixiXsv^ 
6svj £67tSQ6ws6xsva6(iivog '^v slg to dxtivat- rivixo 
S^ dv y xatQog^ ^Qog 6sriiGi iyoiy iqyri 6 AsovttdSr^^^ 

29 xcct avtog 6ot '^yt]60fiat. iv^ Sl '^ iihv fiovX'^ ixd^to 
iv ty iv dyoQ^ 6toa Std ro tdg yvvalxag iv vg 
KaSfksicf, ^s^fkOtpoQtdistv^ Q^iQovg Sh ovtog xal fisorifMr- 
PQiag nXsi6tri ^v iQr^fiia iv talg oSolg^ iv tovtc} 7tQo6^ 
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fiiSav xal '^ysttat svd^g slg t^v dxQOTtoXtv. xata^trj" 
6ag d' ixst tov ^otfiiSav xal tovg fksi ainov xal «a- 
QaSovg rifi/ fiaXavdyQav avta t(Sv TpvXdiVj xal sinmv 



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LIB. V. CAP. U. 16S 

^tfiiva naifUvai ei$ t^ axQMtcJUv ovtiva fit} aito^ 
xBlivoLySvd^imQ^ixoxQdgt^fiovliiv. U^vSh 
thes xids. "Otu i^ivj d avdgssy AoKBdai^vwi K€Cti-3Q 
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fftov xBlsvovtog il^^vai noXsfMQX^ XafistVj sttig doxet 
Sfya ^avitov xouiv, Xaiipdv(o froi;TOi/l ^le^tjfvtav , mg 
voXsfiMoiovvta, xalv(Uts dhot Xoxayoitsxal ot ($€ta 
tovtiov tstayjiivoiy avt0ta6^Sy xal Xafiovtsg aitaya- 
ysts tovtov Sv^a sUyiftat. ol [thf d^ sidotsg v6 it^a- 31 
yfuc jtag^oav ts xaL ixst&ovto xtd awsXaiifiavov - tSv 
ii fU} sUotmVj svavtlmv 8h ovtmv totg xs^l Asovtior- 
di^VjoC (ihv i^pvyov svd^g i|o t^g xoXsfog^ dsl6avtsg 
^19 auo%uvouv ' ot Sh xccl otxads ngmtov axsxmQij6av * 
ixsl di stqyikivov tbv 'l0(x,fiviav ^&ovto iv rg Ka- 
iiisif^ tots d^ ansxmifriCav slg tag *A^vag ot tavta 
l^vmaxovxsg 'AvdgoxXsida ts xal 'I^infvia (idXt6ta 
tQiaxooioi. mg & tavt inistqaxxo^ %oXs(iaQX'^ fiii^32 
avA^IoiiKjfiiiov aXXov dXovto, 6 Sh Ajsovtiadrig svdiig 
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insxQaxsi ' 6 (idvtot 'AyriaiXaog iXsysv oti si (ihv fiXa- 
fisQa ty Aaxsduiiiovi %sstQax/dg stij , dtactuog stri £17- 
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ta toiavta avto^xsdidtuv. avtb ovv ro w , iqrq^stQOC- 
ixsv 6xonstv^ notsQov dya^d ij xaxd i0tt td stsnQa- 
y(iiva. istSLta (livtot 6 Asovtuilhig iX^mv sig tovg ix- 33 
xXiftovg iXsys toidds. "AvdQsg Aaxsdai{i6vwij mg (ih/ 
xoXs(itxmg v^tv slxov ot®fifiatoiy itQlv td vvv TtSTtQa- 
YHkiifa ysviad^aiy xal v(istg iXiysts ' smQoxs yaQ dsl 
xovtovg totg (ihv vpstiQotg 8v6(isvi6i g>LXiXcog ixov- 

11* 



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164 LIB. V. CAP. n. 

tag, totg d' v^stBQotg ipiloig ixd^QOvg ovtag. owc iiA 
(iiv roi/ iv IIsiQaut d^fAOVj ^oXsikvmaxov Svta vfUVj 
ovx '^d'iXrj0av 6v0tQat£V€iv ; Oax8V6L 81 oti v[iag sv- 

34 yLBVBlg ovtag iciQoVj ixB0tQdtBvov ; alld fti^i/ xal TtQog 
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Xiav iitOLOVvto , xal vfistg ys tots [isv dsl TCQoesCxsts 
tov vovv icots dxoviSs6^s piatofLdvovg avtovg vqv 
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35 vyLBtg riyLiSv ixi^isXri^d^s. dxoiJOV6i tavta totgAaxsdair- 
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Xri<p<og strj xal ott f^g iv ty 'EXXd8i taQax^rjg nd^fjg 

36 ixstvog ts xal *Av8QoxXsi8ag altidtatot slsv. 6 81 dics^ 
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Asovtid8riv slxov ts tr^v noXtvxal totg Aaxs8aiiiovioi4 

37 iti xXsici) vnriQitow rl itQo6Btdttsto avtotg. tovt<ov 
di7 jcsjtQayiiivcin/ ot AaxB8ain6viot tcoXv tf^ XQod-v- 
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XBfiitov^ xal slg tdg 6v[i[iaxi8ag itoXsi^ 6xvtdXag Sti^ 



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LIB. V. CAP 11. 165 

nBi$xoVj xskBvovtBS axoXovd-stv TakBVtia xata to 86- 
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Xscog ov8l 8ixaetd8taj i&sto td onXa^ svcivvfLOv [ikv 
ccvtog ix^^ ovto yaQ Cvvi^atvsv avtS xatd tdg nv- 
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tmv 6V(i(idxci}v dnstitato nQog ro 8s^t6v. xal t(5v In^ 
nicjv 81 tovg (liv Adxcovag xal tovg ®r^§aiovg xal 
0001 t(dv Maxs86vc:iv naQ^0av inl rp ^s^tp itd^atOy 
naQa 8i avtp sl^s ^iQ8av ts xal tovg ixsivov Inniag 
tog slg tstQaxo0iovg 8td ti to aya0^at tovto ro tn- 



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166 LIB. V. CAP. II. m. 

mmv xal 8ta ro ^BQuitsikiv tov Ji(^Vy 4d^ ^SdftBvos 
41 7ccc0siq. iml Sk ^al of wAffuot Hdvwfssawsca^td- 
fynno vm t^ tBt%BL^ (SvonBtQad^ivtBg ^cdtmv ot tsemVs 
ipLPaXkowSv xata tovg Jdxarvag xal Boianovg. Tud 
nok^Xag{i6vtet6vAaxBdatfmvi!OvZx^QXOv xatafidl- 
lov0tv &7t6 rov tnxowealxsifisvovxdfLXollaxa^fah' 
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9s%^ip xiQatt ti tXTUxov^ ^evyovtmf d% twv tnximv 
ivixltvs xal to ixofisvov ns^ uvtivj xal oiov i^Jiv 
ixi/vdiivsv08v if«tri}^imt to ^tffdtsvjiOj ^l fi'^ ^iffiag ' 
i%mf ro iavtov hKUxov ^v^vg xpog tdg xvAag tmv 
'Okw^iov ^Xaesv. ixyst ShwA o Tslsvtiag (fvvtolg 
42 xsgl ^vtov iv tdJ^. ag dh tavva yiXdx^vto ol ^OXw^wi 
tmcstg^ ds&favtsgp'^ dnoxXsi^^lsv tmv nvk&Vj dva" 
6tQi^avtsg dxs%€iqaw tcoH^ €xovdfj, iv%u dii 6 
Ai^iag xa^sXavvovtag jcafacoXXovgltnniag^a^AtiSv 
dnixt€Pvsv. dm%ti^^»v di xai ot mlioi tmv 'OXvt^ 
%imv sig ti^v noXw * W fiivtoc «oAAol avtmv dxi&a'' 
4Svovj ats ifyvg rot; t^ovg ovtog. ixsl Sh tifonacov 
ts iotdt^ xal ri ^vixrj avtvi tp TsXevi^ iysfivfitOy 
dnmv 8^ ixoxts td divdQa. xal TOt)vo fAv vor^ce- 
t&vcdfi^&vog ro di^og ii^xs xai ro Maxsiovtxov 
etffdtsvfta xfd ro rot; ^i^ia' xokXdxtg ifiivtoi xal 
ot K)Xvv^t xatted^iovtsg sig tdg tmv Aaxsiatf^ 
via^ ^vftj$(x%idag noXsig iXsfiXdtovv ^ &v9Qag dns- 
xtivwov. 
m "Afia il t^ '^Qi 'vnoipatvofLivp ot fbkv k^X^uvdnat tn^ 
mlnstg ^sg mg S^xoetot xatsisiQafbiixsaav slg t^v 
^AxoXXmdav Sf^a fbSiSfififiQta xdiits^aQftivot iXsffXd'' 
row • 6 Sh ^iQiag itvjf%avs tavtfi rp fifidQif d^fd-- 
vog yistd tmv innimv tmv savtov xal dQt^tonotovfis^ 
vog iv tg ^AnoXXmvla. wg d* dis t^v TtataiQOfMivy ^v- 



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LIB. V. CAP. m. 167 

X^ slx^9 tavg ^' ZTOtwg ivs0xsva0ii,ii/ovs ncd 
To^ aikfidv44g iivmM^f^ivovg i%mf. inud^ ^l ^uta- 
g>^ov9itutng ol 'OIvv^uh 9cal sig to %Qoa0zwv mi sig 
uitag xag nvXag ^imv^y tota 8^ 0wtstaytUvovg 
ijdnv iiakavvMu oC Sh m^ stiovj elg ^pvy^v ^^'^^av. 62 
d* mg Sitai it^ifatOj ovn ivijiuv ivsviJHOVV^ ^tddui 
dimz^ xai dicoaitwvvgj Smg nqog avto xatsdAailis tcSv 
*Qkw^£(ov to ts^og. nal iliysto 6 jdiiQdag dn;oxxHvai 
ivtovt^ tp iuiyp x§i^ oydoiiKOvta Inxiag. xol dao 
tovtov tHxnQS^ ts lidXlov ^6av ol^kifiiM xdl tqg %(6- 
ifag oltyifv navtsk^ sifyd^ovto. XQotovtog ih tov S 
%q6vov9 Hnd tov TsJisvtiov i6t^tsv(KJvov XQOg f^V 
tmv ^OXw^i&v stoMVf dg st ti divdQov vxokomov atti 
^ ti sioya^iiivov totg noksyLCoig^ tp^BtQoi^ ilsk^optfg 
ot ^Okvv^im tnnaXg ^0v%y noQsvonLSvoi SiifiifioP tov 
noQd Tqi/ nokiv fiovta notafMVy xal iscoQSvovto 
XQog to ivavttov ^tQdtsvfia. mg 8* b18bv 6 T«- 
kevti^j dyavvmti^ag tj tokiin avtciv ^dvg Tkif- 
fLQv^oP rot/ tmv n^taatfSv HQxovta Sqo^g) ipiQe6i^ai 
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tl^vxu , x«l 8Upii6av Ttdkiv tov scotafMV. ot 8* ^xo- 
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BV%stQmf>i aitotg ifloHOW dvai ot SwfisfifiHqTsgj &va- 
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d$iUva^. wkkol (ikv ovv 87J «ol akkoi rev xcciqov 
iyymiQm tsiyfivg Shd^avtsg Tiaxmg dusxmQffiav^ ual 



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168 LIB. V. CAP. lU. 

inatvoi *' i%Bl ano tmv TCVQycDv ipdXlovto, &7Co%(aQBtv 
t€ i^vayxiitovto tBd^ogvfirjiiivtog xccl ncQoqyvkdtteadm 

6 ta piXfi* iv tovtp 5i) 6t ^OXvvd^iot ins%elavvov0L fi£v 
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%Q06nlntov6L, xal 6 fiiv TeXsvtiag ivtav^a (laxoii^ 
vog dTCod^vi^^xei. tovtov dh yevo[iivov evdig xfd ol 
d(i^ avtov ivixXivav, xal ovdelg hi, totato^ dXXd 
itdvteg iipevyov^ ot ^hv inl £7CaQtcoXov, ot 8h ixl 
'yixdvd^ovj ot 8^ elg ^AicoXXcovCav^ ot nXetfStot, d' elg 
IIotC8aiav, cSg 8^ aXXog aXXij iq>evyov^ ovroj xal ot 
7CoXi(iioi> aXXog aXXo6e Smxovteg scafiTcXTid^etg dni- 
xteivav dvd^Qoinovg xdl o^tmeQ otpeXog rjv tov atQa- 
tevpatog, 

7 ^Ex iiivtoi ye t&v toiovtcnv nad^civ iyd gwjftt dv- 
d^Qciicovg icav8evea^aL ^dXiCta (ihv ovv mg ov8' olxi^ 
tag XQ'^ OQyy xoXdiew xoXXdxtg yaQ xal 8e0n6tai 
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tL tovg 7CoXe(Uovg, 

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8h yv6vteg viye(i,6va (ihv 'Ayr^eCnoXLv tov fia6LXia ixr- 
ni(inov6i, (let avtov 8h SeneQ ^Ayrj^LXdov elg t^ 

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tSv neQLoCxGiv id^eXovtal xaXol xdyad^ol iqxoXovd^ow, 
xal livoL tmv tQoq>C(iciyi/ xaXov(iiva)v ^ xal v^d^OL tcSv 

. 2inaQtLat(Sv, (idXa eveL8etg te xal t<5v iv ty noXet, 



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LIB. V. CAP. ra. 169 

xalSp ovu &X€L(foi. ^wBOXQatsvovto dh xal ix xfSv 
evfiiucxidav xoXsav id^slovtat, xal SettaXav ys Ix^ 
vcslgj yvGHfd^vai t^ ^AyfiOixolidt PovX6(1€V0Lj xal 
'Afi^vtag di xtd ^ifdag itt UQO^^LOtBQOv fj icq66^bv. 
*Ayrfii%oXi>q fiiv d^ taika Xffdttav ixoQBVsto ixl v^v 
"OXw^ov, • 

*H dh tSv 0Xia0ic9v n6Xig, inawB^Ma fiiv vno 10 
xov *Ayifi60t6Xi9og 9ti xoXXa xal taxiiog avxm %^V^* 
ta alg triv 6tQatiav ido6aVy vo^ov6a d^ ^o ovtog 
*Ayri6i,n6Xidog ovx av S^BX&Btv iii avtovg *Ayfi6iXaoVj 
ov(f av yBvi6^ai S6ts SfLa ayApotiQovg tovg fiaoiXiag 
^<o ZnaQtijg elvcuj ^Qa6iag ovdhv tSv SixaicDv ixoi- 
ovv totg xat€XriXvd66tv. ol iilvyaQ d^ q^vyadag iqlifow 
ta d(i<piXoya iv l^p dixa6trjQi^ XQivB6^at* ol dl 
fjvdyxaiov iv avtfj t^ n6Xsi diadtxdtB^d^cu. XBy6vt(av 
dl tSv xatBXfjXv^tmv xal tig avtfi dixfi Btfi onov «^ 
tol ot adtxovvtBg dtxdtotBV, ovdlv Bl6rixovov. ix tov- 11 
tov (x^ivtot iQxovtat Blg AaxBdecifiova ot xatBXd^^vtBg 
xatijyoQ^6ovtBg vi^g noXBcog, xal aXXot 6} tSv otxo^Bv 
6wYixoXov^oWj XiyovtBg ottnoXXotg xal t&v noXitmv 
ov doxotBv dixata nd^xBtv. dyavaxtri6a6a Sh tovtotg 
tSv 9Xta6imv ^ noXtg iiijfiim6B ndvtag o6oi {kri nBftr- 
nov6figt^g n6XBG}g '^Xd^ov Blg AaxBdai[iova. ol dl {ij-12 
fua^ivtBg otxadB (ihv Sxvow dntivat^ fiivovtBg d* 
idida6xov &g ovtot ftiv Btri6av ot ptat^iHBvot tavta^ 
oZnBQ 6g)dg tB H^ipaXov xal AaxBdatfioviovg dnixXBir- 
6aVy oitot dl ot nQtdgiBvoi tB td 6(pitBQa xal j3m(a- 
[iBVot f*i) dnodtd6vatj ovtot dh xal vvvdtanBnQay^iivot 
Bl6l tri(it(od^vat 6<pag avtovg Blg AaxBdai(iova iX^ov^ 
tag^ onog tov Xotnov (ifjdBlg toXftpri livat dfiXcioiov td 
iv T5 n6Xst ytyv6(iBva. tm 8' ovtt v^Qt^stv doxovvtav 13 
tmv 9Xta6ic3v (pQovQav (paivov6tv in avtovg ot i^po^ 



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170 L I B. V. C A P. III. 

QOL riv Sh Qvdi rfi? ^Jy^a^ldp &%Q^Qiiiv^ zaika' xal yitQ 
t^ |i^ ^t(jl axnoi) ^Aqx^^M^ iivo^ ^Cav q{ ^c^flJIo- 
ddv$fiovy xaltitstfiSivxatsifilvQ-otmvi^V' avtm 

14 d% ot afi^ IlgouXia roi/ 'iTinovlxov, ig 9i tmv d^.f^fyot- 
triQlmv yBvo^kivmv ovh iii$Hsv^ aAA' ijcogsvetOj ^oir- 
kal XQs6p£tai aic^vtfov xal XQrfiiata idi^aav^ mdt^ f*^ 
ififidXluv. 6 Sh onmQtvt^to oti ov% Iva advKolri , 0tQa- 

15T€t;<Ufro, aXX onmq tro^ a66HOV{ii$JtQig fiorid^ifsisv. ot 
Sh tsXsvtmvtsg ndvta iipaCKOv nof^QsvVj iSiovto ts 
fii) ififidkXsLv. 6 dh ndUv ^sysv dg ovx av m^tsvesi^ 
Xoyoig^ xal yaQ to UQOtsQov fsviUujd-ai. avtovgj dlX 
iQyov tt/voQ tUiS($ov Sslv i^^ iQ$it(qiisvog dl xal ti 
roi>r'&/ «^q; t^X^v d%SHQ(vato ^''(kUQ Hal TtQ^cQ^sv^ 
iqni^ novqCavtsg ovdhv vfp im>^v ridmri&rfcs. tovto dh 

16 '^v t^v dxQomli/v nc^fadovvai, ov^ i^slovtmv 8\ av^ 
m,tav tomo tioisW^ i$^fiaXi ts slg tr^v %Q?Qav xal ta%v 

nBQvcH%l0ag imhoQxsi avtovg, nckkiSv Sh l&yqvtiov 
JaMB^aL^vlfxiv mg oiiy&v svsxst dvd^QioncDv nolsm 
ans%9dvoivto nXiov nsvtaM0%iXcc:^v dvdQiSv • xai yaQ 
di^ Sniog tovt ivdriXqv stri^ ot 0Xid0m iv t^ q)ccvsQp 
ti^iim ii%xXrfilalov' 6 iiivtqi ^Ayri0iXaog ngdg tavto 

17 dvffis^n%avri0a^o. 6n6ts yaQ i^ovsvij Sid q^iXiav ^ dm 
0vyyivsiav twv qwydimvj iSlSaaxs 0v00itcd %s ainmv 
xatDUSxsvdiiBcv xal sig td initTJdsia Cx^vov didovai^ 
6n600i,yv^dis0^aci^HjOLSV' xal onXa SsixnoQd^t 
ana0i, tovtoig disxsXsvsto^ xaL ft^ oxvsHv sig tavta 
%Qii^ta dfKvsi^scd^ai^. ot dh tavta vnriQstovvtsg dni^ 
dstien/ mXsiovg %Mmv dviQmv aQi0ta [jisv td ^fijj/i^cfta 
i%ovtagj svtdxtovg Sh xid svonXotdvovg ' m0%s tsXsv- 
tmvtsg ot JaxsSatfiovipi' SXsyov ipg tovovtmv diqivto 
0v0tQat$mtmv. 

18 KaVAyri0iXaog ^v 5^ nsQt tavta -^v, 6 dh Wyq- 



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LIB. V. CAP. III. 171 

eutolig Bv^vg ix t^g Mmidopiecg nifoffimv i^sto «fo^ 
rg leoHst xmv *OXvvtCmv ta osrAa. iml 41 ovidg Am^ 
si^gsi ait^j tits t^g 'OXw&iag Bt Tt vxolomov ^v 
id^v xccl aig tag cvpkfLa%t8ag imv avtmv Sf^d^eiifB TOt^ 
6t$ov' To^vr^ ih 9^ TtQoofiaXmv alXs xata Kfdtog. 
iv Sh tovtoig ovta xata ^Qovg aH[i'^ xav(ia xvQir- 19 
g)X&yhg XanpdvBt avtov, mg dlnQo^d^BvioQaHota to iv 
*Afpvtfi tov Awir6cov Csqov iQmg offitov tot l6%s tmv 
ts 6msqSv 0wf[vmi/Mtmv xaltmv Xai^iCQdv xal ifV%Qmv 
vddtmv. ixo(iC6{hi (xh/ o5v ixsUSs #rt tiSv^ ofimg fi^- 
rot ipdofLatog axp ov ixapbsv S^m tov CsQovitsXsfkfi^s. 
xal ixstvog phf iv (liXiti tsd^slg xal xoiitod^slg oCxads 
itv%s tijs pa0iXixi^g taffy^g. 

^JyrieCXaog dl tovto dxowfag oi% f tig av ^stoiO 
ifpij6dT] mg avtvndXm^ dXXd xsA iidxQvos xal in6%fif6s 
trpf 6vvov6iav. 6v6xfivov6t fikv yaQ d^ PatuXslg iv tp 
avt^y otav oCxoi m6iv^ 6 8i j^yffihcoXtg tp ^AyvfitXam 
Cxavog (ikv ^v xal ^prj^ixmv x<A dTjQsvttxmv xal tiCTUr' 
xmv xal natdtxmv Xoymv (isti%siv' nQog 8% tovtoig 
xal v%xid^h:o «btov iv vg 6v6xrivCa^ m6nsQ slxog 
rcQS^pvtSQov. xal oC pAv AaxsSatfpivtot dvt ixsC^ 
vov noXvptdtfiv dQfio^f^v ixX triv "OXwdov ixniitr- 
nov6tv. 

^O 8* *Ayfi6CXaog ^8fi feiv imsQipa^ tov %q6vov^ 21 
otf ot; iXiysto iv t^ 0Xiovvtt 6ttog sUmt ' to6oikov yaQ sn* 
iyxQatsta ya^tQog 8ta^iQH m6ts oC 0Xtd6wi tov ijfit^ 
6w in^fpt^dftsvot 6ttov tsX&v ri nQo^d^evy xal notow^ 
tsg toiko^ tov 8titXd6top tot; sixotog %q6vov noXtoQ^ 
xovfisvot 8i/^Qx^av. xiA t6X(ia 8h dtoXfiCag i6^ ots2i 
to6oikov 8tafpiQst m6ts AsXfpCmv ttg^ XafinQog 8oxmv 
Avat^ Xapmv rCQog ctvtov tQtaxo6Covg av8Qa^ 9Xta6Cmv 
Cxavog (ikv r^v xmXvstv tovg povXo(kivovg siQiivfiv xot^ 



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172 L I B. V. C A P. m 

M^ai^ txavog dh olg ri7cC6tBL BtQ%ag q>vXattBiVy idvvato 
dh Btg tB tdg g)vXaxag avayxdieiv to nX^^d^dg livai xal 
tovtovg iq>odsv(ov motovg naQixs6^ai. noXldxtg dl 
^sd^ dv elxs TtBQl avtov xal ixd-iaw anixQOvs gfvXa- 

23 xag aXkot aXXjj rot; xsQitBtBtx^l^^ivov xvxXov, i^l 
^ivtoi ot iniXsxxoi ovtot ndvta xQonov ^rftovvtsg ov% 
rjvQL69cov ettov iv ty noXsiy ix tovtov d^ niiiimv' 
tsg nQog tov^ Ayri0iXaov idiovto aitsicaefd^aL 7CQB6fisiq: 
slg ylaxsdaifiova iov6jj • dsdox^aL yaQ 0q>i6LV iq>a0av 
iirLtQinsLV totg tiXsOL tc5v AaxsdaLfiovicDV x(n^^^^^ 

Uty noXsL OjTt fiovXot/vto. 6 81 oQyLad^slg ott axvQo% 
ainov inoiovv^ xi[itl>ag ^\v %Qog tovg otxoL q>iXovg 
dLsnQaiato iavt^ iTCLtQanfjvaL td tcsqI QXLOVVtog^ 
i0%si0ato Sh t^ 7iQs6fisia. q^vXaxy d' ItL IfSxvQOtiQa % 
jCQOtSQOv iq>vXattBv^ tva ^rjdslg tmv ix trjg noXs&g 
ilioL. onLiog (livtOL o 7S JsXq>iG)v xal atLyfiatiag tLg 
(ist avtovj og jcoXXd vq>siXsto onXa tcSv noXLOQxovv- 

25 tmvy dni8Qa6av vvxtOQ. insl 8\ rjxov ix r^s Aaxs^ 
SaifLOVog dnayyiXXovtsg otL ij noXLg imtQinsL ^Ayrfiir- 
Xdp SLayvcSvaL td iv QXLOvvtL OTCcag avtp 8oxoiri^^Ayri- 
eiXaog 8ri ovxcDg iyvcD^ nsvtijxovta (ihv av8Qag tdiv 
xatsXrjXvd-otciyi/, nsvtrjxovta 81 tc5v otxod^sv nQc5tov 
[ih/ dvaxQlvaL ovtLvd ts ^^v iv ty noXsL xal ovtcva 
dnotavstv 8ixaL0v strj • ixsLta 8h vo^iovg d^stvaL^ xa^ 
ovg noXLtsv60LVto' Sayg d' dv tavta 8LanQdic:>vtaij 
qyvXaxriv xal (iLed^bv totg q>QOVQotg l| fwpcSv xati^ 
Xltcs. tavta 8h X0LiJ6ag tovg (ikv Cvfifidxovg dq>^xSy 
to 81 TCoXLtLxop otxa8s dni^yays. xal td (iLkv nsQl 
^XLOVvta ovtGjg av inststiXs0to iv oxrco f&ijcrl xccl 
ivLavtp. 

20 Kal 6 noXv^Ld^rjg dh navtdna0L xax(Sg ixovtag 
XLfLcp tovg 'OXwd^iovg 8Ld to ftifr ix f^g yijg Xaiifid- 



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LIB. V. CA^. III. IV. 173 

iHv fii/r£ xata d^aXartav 8l0dys6^ai, ottov avtotg^ 
^vdyxa6s Ttd^^at, sig Aaxsdaifiova tcsqI siQ^vrig, ot 
d* iX^ovtsg Tcqic^sig avtoxqdtOQsg awdTJxag ixoiij^ 
ffavto tov avtov ^h/ ix^Qov xal q>lKov Aaxsdai^ovioig 
voiuiscvy axokovd^stv 8s osrot av tiycSvtai xal iSviiiMX'' 
%ot slvai. xal 6(id0avtsg tavtaigipLfLSvstv ovtmgaTC^X" 
d^ov otxais. 

IlQoxsxoQrixotan/ dh totg AaxsdaifLOvCoig a6ts27 
Sijfiaiovg ^v xal tovg akkovg "Botanovg navtd^Civ 
hi ixsivoig slvaiy KoQivd^iovg Sk Jtuftotdtovg ysys-- 
vfj^^^ai, ^AQystovg 6% tstansiv^e^at did to (iridiv hi 
iiipsXstv avtovg tSv (ifivmv triv vieoq^OQav^ ^Ad^tivai^ 
ovg dh i^QijiKio^d^at, tcSv 8' av 6v[i[idx(X)v xsxoXa0(is- 
vmv oX dva^svag slxov avtotg^ 7tavtdn:a0vv ^iri xa- 
Xmg xal d6g>aX<Sg ^ aQX'^ i86xsi avtotg xats^xsv- 
d^d^at. 

IloXXd ikkv ovv av tig ixoi^ xal aXXa Xiysiv xal IV. 
EXXfiviitd Tud fiaQfiaQixdy 6g d^solovts tavdasfiovv-- 
tav ovts t<Sv dvoffva noiovvtGiv dfisXov6i * vvv ys (iriv 
Af |fi) td XQOxsiiisva. Aaxs^aifMvioi ts yaQ ol ofio^av-- 
tsg avtovofiovg id^siv tdg Jt6Xsig tr^v iv&ijpacg dxQO- 
xoXiv xata6x6vtsg vii avt<dv(i6vav zdv d8ixij^ivt<ov 
ixoXd0dij6aifj XQ<Stov ov8* v<p iv<ov tav Tccinots dv^ 
^Qionmv XQixxri^ivtsg^ tovg ts t<Sv noXit<Sv sbsaya-' 
y6vtag slg fqv dxQ^noXCv avtovg xal povXrid-ivtag 
Aaxs8ai.iiovioig SovXsvsiv triv noXiv^ Sats avtol tv- 
Qawstv^ triv tovtcnv aQxriv intd (lovov t<Sv <pvy6vt<ov 
flQXS6av xataXv6ac. <ig 8i tovt iyivsto 8iijyij6oiMt. 

^Hv rt^ 9iXXi8ag^ og iyQagiiuhsvs totg xsqI^ 
^AQxiav noXsiidQxoigy xal taXXa vnriQitsi^ 6g i86xsi^ 
aQiata. tovtp S' d<pi/yiiivp 'Ad^vats xatd nQd^iv tiva 
xa\ jtQ^c^sv yvcoQiiiog cSv MiXeav t<Sv *Adi]vais ns^ 



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174 L I B. V. C A P. IV. 

^tvyottav Bi^fiaimv 6vyyiyvsvaij xal ducxv&6(x,$vog 
lih/ xa jta^l *AQ%Cm %b xqv »olB(ianovvta nal vqp 
ne^ ^lUnicov xvQawCda^ yvovg dh in^ovvta avtov itc 
($alAov avtov ta oixoiy m0ta iovg otal Kafimf Cwi' 

S^sto ag i^ SKaitta yiyvsif&ai^ ht dh tovtov arpo^JUv- 
fimv 6 Mikmv S{ tovq inwrfiniotaxovg ttSv ^evyov^ 
tmv l^Kpidia ixovtag xal aXXo onkov oviiv^ if^XBxai 
stQoitov ptkv sig x^v xciQav wnxog' ixsixa Sh ^^fUQSV- 
cavtsg iv Xivt xoxp ilf^lit^ ^Qog xag xvXag ^H^oVy mg 
dfj ^ ayifovcauovxsgj tivCsucxsQ ol &tto t(5v iQymv 
oifudxaxok, iml d' siafjXdov slg xtjv itokuvj 8tsv%mti-' 
Qswfav fiihv ixstvfjv xr^v vvxxa naQa XuQmvC xtvvj xsi 

4x^vi7tiov0aviih^(iiQaviirifiiQsv6av: ofiivovv 0iJ,- 
kCiag xd xs akka insnskstxo xotg ttoks(uiQXptgj m^ 
*AipQoiC6ia ayovaiv iai Sioi^ xtjg dQXtjg^ xoL iri xtA 
ywalxag ndkac vstufxvovfisvog aisiv avtotg tag Cs- 
Hkvoxdxag xal xakkC^xag xcSv iv GijPaigj xox l^ aisiv. 
ot iij ^6av yoQ xotovxot, {kdka fiiimg XQ06siixovTo 

bwxtSQ9v6stv.istd S^Hstnvifidfvxs xal 6viutQodv(juyu- 
(iivov ixsCvov xajjb i^sdiic&^avy xdkav xsksvovxmv 
aysw xdg ixaCQag^ il^kd^siv ijyays xovg %sqI Mikmva^ 
xQslg (ihf &csCkag mg iscnoCvag^ xovg i* akkovg mg 0«* 

6 QaxaCvag* xaxsCvovg (ikv sleifyaysv sig xo xa(u^% 
xov xoks(iaQxsCov , avxog i* sioskd^mv shts xotg %s^ 
^AqxCov ott ovx av ^a6iv siasK%sXv at ywatxsg^ 'St xig 
xmv iuiMOvmv iviov i6oixo. iv^sv ol (ihv xaxv ixi- 
ksvov mavxag Ssiivai^ 6 ih 0ikkCiag iovg olvov a4 
ivog xmu iuxxovmv iliitsfx^tpsv avxovg. ix ih xovto^ 

« sioflyays tag ixaCQag di}, xal ixdd^iis %aQ im6xcp. 
r(v is tfvvdTi^a^ ixsl xad^Ctoivxo, naCsvv sv^g dva- 

7 xakv^lfa^ivovg. ot (iiv i^ ovxm kiyov6uv avwvg dxo- 
d^avstv^ ol ih xal mg xm(ia6xdg si^sk^&ovxag xovg dftqh 



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LIB. V. CAP, IV. 175 

Mikmva anoHXstvat xovq noXsniQ%(yvg. Xapmv di 
6 9iXXitas XQstg avxmv inoQBvcxo ixl x^^v xov Asov- 
xiddov otnCav ' xofag dh xip; i&v^av dxsv oxi naQa 
xmv xoXsnaQx^ anayyBlXaC xi (iovXoixo. 6 6% ixvy- 
Xavs filv XfOQls xaxaxiCfiBvog ixt fisxa dBtnvov^ xal i} 
yvv^ iQiovQYOv0a TtaQSTcd^rixo, ixiXsv6B di xov OiX- 
XCdav m6xdv voftC^mv slciivai. ot 6^ insl st6ijXd^0Vy 
xov ftlv ajtoxxsCvavxsg f xifv 8% yvvatxa q^ofiT^^avxss 
9uetsfSioix7i6av. Hi^vxsgdislxovx^^vdvQavxsxXst^d^at' 
sl 9h Xriipovxai dvspyfi>ivip/j vinsCXri^av anoxxstvai 
anavxag xovg iv xfj olxCcf. insl 8\ xavx ininQaxxo^ 8 
Xafimv dvoo 9iXXC8agxAv dv8Q(3v riXd^s nQog xo dvd- 
xstov^ xal slns x^ stQy(ioq>vXaxi oxi av8Qa ayoi naQa 
xciv noXs(idQX(ov ov slQ^av 8iot. (og 8h dvia^Sj xov- 
xov f*h/ svdvg dnixxsivavj xovg 8i 8s0[i(iixag iXv6av. 
xal xovxovg (liv xa^v xmv ix xijg ifxoag onX(ov xad^s- 
Xovxsg SnXiaaVj xal dyayovxsg inl xo ^AfKpstov^iad^ai 
ixiXsvovxdonXa, ix8l xovxov svd^vg ixriQvxxov i^ii- 9 
vai ndvxag @7ipaCovgj tnniag xs xal onXCxag^ dg xmv 
xvQdw(ov xsdvscix(ov. ot 81 noXtxav^ scDg (ilv vv^ rjv^ 
dnv($xovvxsg fi6vxCav slxov' insl 8^ fifbiQa r* rp; xal 
(pavsQOv ffv xo ysysvriiiivovj xaxv 8ri xal ot onXtxai 
xal of tnnstg 6vv xotg onXoig iispoi^d^ovv. insiiil/av 8* 
tnniag ot xaxsXrjXvd^oxsg xal inl xovg nQogxotg oQCoig 
*A^vaCmv 8vo xAv 6XQaxriy(Sv. ot 8* sl86xsg xo 
nQayyLa i(p* dns6xdXxs6av ♦ 6 iiivxoi iv xy dxQonoXsv 
dQfLO^x^^g insl jj^&sxo xo vvxxsqcvov xiiQvyfiaj svdvg 
insiii/sv slg IlXaxaidg xal ®s6nidg inl poijd^siav. xal 
x(yvg {ilv nXaxaiiag ai^d^OfLSvoi nQ06i6vxag ot xav @ri- 
PaC(ov tnnstg^ dnavxf^^avxsg dnixxsvvav avxciv nXiov 
^ stxo6iv' insl 81 sl^^Xd^ov xavxa nQa^avxsg xal ol 
*A^h(vatov dno xdv oqCchv ijSri naQ^6aVj nQ06ipaXov 



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176 LIB. V. CAP. IV. 

il XQog f^v cixQoitoXiv. dg dliyv(O0av oC iv ty axQono- 
Xsi iX£yoi ovt£Sj '^'f\v '^^ JtQod^vfUav tmv TCQoOiovtap 
a7cdvt(ov idQayv^xal tSvHfiQvypidtaiv fisydlcDv yiyvo- 
yiivaiv totg TtQcitoig avafid^iv^ ix tovtav (pofirid-ivteg 
elxov oti, anlovBv avy ei 6q>L0LV d0q>dXuav fLBtd tav 
onkmv dnLov6i 8l8oUv. ot Sh aafLBvoi te ido6av a 
0irow, xal OTceiAsd^Bvoi xal oQxovg o^oeavteg inl toiH 

VitOLg i^iite^nov, ilLovtcov iiivtoiy o0ovg i7ciyva0av 
tc5v ixd^QfSv ovtag^ 0vXXafifidvovt€g dnixtSLvav. ^0av 
di tLveg oX xal vtco ^A^^vatav t(ov dno t(Sv 6q£cdv 
ijCLfiofi^^dvta^v i^txkdnri^av xal 8u0cidifj0av. ot 
fLivtOL ®7ifiat0L xal tovg natdag tAv djcod^av^vtcDV^ 
o0OLg Yi0avy lafiovttg dni0(pa\av. 

\% *Enel dh tavta iitv^ovto otAaxedaLiiovLOLy tov ^v 

m.aQno0t'^v irof' iyxataXLJcovta tr^v dxQonoXLV xal ovx 
dvayLBlvavta triv fioi^^BLav dnixtBLvaVy (pQovQav di 
(paCvov0LV inl tovg ®ri^aCovg. xal ^AyrfilXaog [ihv Xi- 
ycDv otL vxIq tBttaQdxovta d(p* ^lPfigBtfiy xal S^neQ 
totg aXXoLgtotgtfilLxovtOLg ovxitL dvdyxfi Btri fqgiav- 
t(Sv il^o ^tQatBVEOd^aLy oi;tg} di^ xal §a0LXBV0L tov au- 
tov vofiov Svta ajtBdBtxvv. xdxBtvog filv d^ Xiyci>v 
tavta ovx i0tQatBVBto. ov iiivtOL tovtov y* ivBXBv 
xatifiBLVBVj dXl! Bv Bld(og otL bI 0tQatfiyotfi^ XiloLBV ot 
TCoXttaL (xig*Ayri0tXaogjonc:>g fiofid-ij^BLB totgtvQdwoLg^ 
jCQdyfLata ty tcoXbl 7caQi%0L. Bta ovv avtovg ^ovXbvb- 

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L I B. V. C A P. IV. 177 

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rgixov fiiQog sxdaxcov TtaQiSoxs 8\ avxro xal ^j^piffMirra 
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nQoaiiia^ovad^ai, xal 6 fihv 2J<podQ{ag xavx iytQaxxsv, 16 
o Sh KXsoii^Qoxog dn^^ysv iit* oHxov xijv Sid KQSvaiog 
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Si mg iSvvaxo iXdxiaxa xaxovQyrjaag. dituivxt ys [i^v 17 
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Ot ftii/ ovv ^A^valot oQiBvxsg xrjv xcSv AaxsSat- 19 

^wlayv ^dnriv xal oxt TtoXsfiog iv KoQtvd^o) ovxixt rjv, 
Xenoph. Hist. Or. ' 12 

Digitized by VjQOQIC 



178 LIB. V. CAP. IV. 

«XX' TJdri jtaQiovti^g triv ^Atux^^v ol AaxBdaiiioviO^ si^ 
tag@ijP()cs ivifiaXioVj oiJrcDff i(pofiovvto Scti xaltA 
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dxixtaivavj tbv 8\ inal ov% v7ei(iBvvevj igyvydSsvcav^ 

20 0[d* av@fjfiatot,xalavtolg)ofiov(isvo!^j sf fiTidi- 
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toifg jtdTfvaiovg JtQog tovg AaHsdat(toviovg. H&xstvog 
mi^6(isvog avtotg^ wCQoCnotriod^isvog tov IlBtgaw xcc- 
taliiilfiscd^aiy ott d^ aTtvlmog tjv^ '^ysv ix t(ov @S' 
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21 nQo "^(liQag xatavvCHv slg tovIlsiQaLd. @Qi,dat d' «v- 
t^ '^(isQa ijtsysvsto^ x(d ovdlv ivtsvd^sv inoltfisv Sats 
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22 Xscag ^aav. t6v dh Accxsdat(LOvi(ov xal nQS(ffiatg itvy- 
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23 %t(yr ' dv ijvQid^aav. hi d' SXsyov (6g svdriXov xal totg 
^A^r^aioig saovto or^ ovS^ rj noXcg t(ov Aaxs8cu(ioviciv 



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L I B. V. C A P. IV. 179 

ttmu ewydit. IkpodQtav yag sv eldivM iq>a6€cv ou 
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%oXkotg ido^sv avtri 8ii aSixfitata iv AaxsdaiiMvi 17 
dix^ri xQk&^aL iyivsto Sl tovto to ahiov, 

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nsnoiAfixivat. ix tovtov S% yiikv £q>oSQiag sh:s stQog 26 
tbv KXsmwiiov^^Eisfiti 6ot^ m vts^ dmoat tbv itatiQa^ 
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tovg SiaXiysa^ai avtm ^ insitaS^sttiglivog^ insita 

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180 LIB. V. CAP. IV. 

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d\ iTcel anb tovEvqdta dmfov o ^AytfilXaoq dev^X^Bit 
otnadsy aniAv Sxsto ovSh nQoosX^mv. xal t^v^tsgtUa 

29 dl tavtd tavta inoirjasv. 6 it ^AyritsiXaog vxeinvsvs 
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fi^ distXsyiiivog tp itatQl nsgl (Sv ixstvog idsi^^ ovx 
siXBv. ot d\ diiq>l tov 2^o9Qiav ovx OQoSvtsg tov *Aq- 
XiSaykOV lovta^ TtQdad^svdl&afii^ovta, ivstavrX '^av 

30 ^i) XsXoidoQrjiiivog v% ^AytfiiXmv sti^. tiXog fiivtoi 
'AQxidaiiog it6X[iri0s itQOCsX^stv xal sItcsIVj ^Sl Tta- 
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31 Cato ijtl xaxp f^g noXsoig o^dx OQol- 6 Sh t6ts likv XQog 
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t(og i6tcu. [liv d^ taOt dxovcag [idXa dvfJsXmg mv 

32 dni^si. t(3v H tov E(po9Qia q>iX(av tig 8iaXsy6fisvog 
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LIB. V. CAP. IV. 181 

nuvxu xu 7cuXunoiavdiBxiXB6By xuXBTtov Blvwto$ov- 
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"Tav fiBvxoL 'AdijvuicDv oC fioLcaxLciiovxBg idCdu" 34 
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tsBoLonotg ndoy nQod^vfii^f ifio^d-ow. ot if uv Auxb^ 85 
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iavLXOv uvtp^ BttL dBr^d^Biri. inBl di tu dLufiutriQLu iyi- 37 
vsto^ ni^ifugy n^Xv iv Tsyicf uvtog bIvul, nQog tov 
uQXOvtu t(3v nuQu totg KXBitOQioLg J^ivcov^ xul [uad^ov 



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182 LIB. V. CAP. IV. 

dovg (irivos^ i^i^Bva TCQoxatalafiitv ccvtovg tov 
Ri^aLQmva. totg d* 'OQXOULSvCoig itsciVjSiog ctQa" 
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S8 ^9717 TCQWtov livat xatct th doyiia ttSv 6v^iia%civ. ixsl 
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di d7COtstaq)QSV[iivov ts xal aitsotavQtoiuivov xvxXm 
to nsdCov xal ta nXstatov ogta f^g %(&Qag^ atQatons- 
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Xaogy dvtcnaQ^Oav aitS ivtog toi %aQax(6ftatog d)g 

39 dfLwa^^fCsvoi. xatmts aTCo^oQOvvtog avtov r^ri vqv 
iicl rd otQOtdnsdov , of ttSv SriPalciv tnnstg ticag dfpa-- 
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xciiiatogH^68av i^sXavvoviftj xaL ola 8ii dni6vtciiv nQog 
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t(Sv BfffiatcDV ttvag g>vy(£&ag , oSnoi dvapsprixotag inL 

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ro d' otJ. dvatnQig>owsg Sh ix toaoritov dn^avov av^ 

41 tiSv Sdfsxcc. Sg Sh xaxfyva^ 6 ^Ayr^atXaog ott dsV fisz 
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L I B. V. C A P. IV. 183 

^lteQif ^ysv ag olov xe tot%i6xa^ xtcl xag^^X&e dt* i(^ 
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-wxr^aysv, 

'Ex ds tovtov 6 0otfiC8ag ixniiinfov fisv ^atif ^ux 42 
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iag xat 8vo ^ tQ^g ^itst avtov (laxoiisvot dni%avov^ 



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184 LIB. V. CAP. IV, 

of il ^u^^oipoQOL tovtov yevofidvov Tcdvtss i^vyoit. 
inel di g)svfovtsg iq>Cxovto jc^og tovg oieXCtag tSp^ 
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dtcuxofisvoi' ^l yaQ iji/ ^'diy 6il)4» xal dnddi/ij6xov 
ftiv ov noKXoC^ S(i(og 8h ov nQotsd^sv i0tfjaccv oi ®«- 

46 omstgy tcqIv iv tqi tsCxsi iyivovto. ix 8% tovtov ndXtv 
av td tcjv ©rjPaCcov dvs^convgstto , xal iOtQatsvovto 
sCg 0s0mdg xal slg tdg aXlag tdg nsQioixC8ag noXsvg, a 
(tivtot 8rj(iog ig avtaiv sCg tdg Snjpag dns%ciQSi' iv 
ndaaig yd^ tatg noXsoc Svvaetstat xad^stOttjxsifav,^ 
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TOf/ 0otpC8a dm^atov noXs^aQ%ov (ihv xal yLOQav otAa- 
xs8at^6vtot xatd ^dXattav ni^i^avtsg tdg Gsifntd^ 
itpvXattov. 

47 ^Ensi 8% t6 saQ iniatri , ndXtv i<patvov q>QOVQdv^ 
m\ ot i^poQot sCg tdg Sripug^ xcA tov ^Ayr^tstXdov^ ^sq ra 

nQ6a^sv^ idiovto i^ystad^at. 6 8^ vniQ tijg i^fioXiig^ 
tavtd yt/yvciftxcav ^ n^lv xal td 8iapatiJQia ^B6%aty 
nijiifag nQog tov hr&sematg noXi^aQ%ov ixiXsvs «po- 
xataXafistv to vn^kQ tiig xatd tov Ktd^aiQcSva 68ov axQov 

48 xai gwXdttHv, SG)g dv avvog iXd^. insi Sitmto vnsff- 
PaXcov iv tatg nXatatatg iyivstOy ndXtvnQO6snot^0ato^ 
sCg tdg &s6ntdg nQcitov Civaty xai niitnciiv dyoQav xb^ 
ixiXsvs naQa($xsvd%stv xai tdg nQS^fisCag ixstnsQtpti- 
vstv ' &6ts ot @ij^tot le%vQmg t^v nQog &s0nt&v ifjt-- 

49 PoX^^v iqy6Xattov: 6 8h ^Ayri^CXaog rjj v0tSQaC(f Sfta r^ 
ripiiQ(f ^^dftsvog inOQSvsto trjv in ^EQv^Qag' xal [c^ 
iStQatsvfiatt] 8votv fi(iiQaLv o8ov iv pn^ xaiavviSa^ 
ifpd^aOsv vnsQfidg to xatd DxdXov (ftavQcaiiaj nQlv iA- 
d^stv tovg ®fipaCovg dno trjg (pvXax^^g^ xad'* ^ to nQO- 



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LIB. V. CAP. IV. 185 

6&SV il^ijld^s, todto d^ stoifjifag ta Tt^g mtijgtcSv 
0i^ficUcav TCoXsmg i&gov iiixQi^ tijg TavdyQcUtQV ht 
yag tote xcA v^v TdvayQav ot MQV7?3tat6dmQov, tpiXoi 
ovvsg tcSv Aaxsdaifiovicav y slxov xal ix tovtov dri 
ax^si iv aQiotBQa ixcov tro tstxog, ot Sh €hifiatoi vnsX^ 50 
d-^vtsg avtstc^avto inl FQaog 0ti^si^ SmtS^sv %ov- 
Tsg vqv ra td(pQ0v xal to CtavQai(ia , vo[ii^ovtsg xalov 
shaiivtav%u dtaiuvSvvsvsiv • xal yaQ 6t8vov i|v rav* 
v^ ixistxAg xal dvafiatov to xfOQiov. 6 i* 'AyrjciXaog 
ISavtavta nQog ixiivovg fibv ovx f^Ev^ ijtus^id^ag 
ii XQog Tifi/ noXiv ^si. ol d* av ©riPatot SsCsavtsg nsQi 51 
f^S 9roA£6)$, oti iQiffJ^rj ^v, aaolutovteg Ivd^a naQotsta" 
yp^ivot Ti^av 8q6{ip id^sov slg tiiv icoX^ tr^v inlllo-* 
xviag odov' ^v yaQ avrri d6fpaXsfitSQa. Jfivl ikivtoi ido-^ 
HSi xaAoi/ ysviad^ai to ivd^vfiriiia tov jiyriCiXdoVy ort 
n^QQo ijtayaymv dito tcSv noXsiUcov dxoxcoQStv dQOfiG) 
avtovg inolrifSsv' oimg [livtou ixl ypaQa&iorrtag av^ 
tovg t&v 7toXs[idQxc9v ttvhg inidQapiov 4Svv tatg [lOQCug* 
dtfi^ivtoi 0ripatOL dxo tcSv X6q>CDv td doQata igi^xot^t* 52 
Soi/, S&te xal djtidwifsv 'AXvnrit&g^ slg tcSv ytoXs[idQ^ 
%mv^ dxovtiO^slg doQatv • Ofto)^ 8\ xai dno tovrov roiJ 
Xotpov itQdnri6av ot &rifiatgv^ S6ts dvccfidvtsg ot Zxt" 
Qttai xal tSv tTtTticDV ttvhg ktatov tovg tsXsvtatovg 
xcSv &riPa{a>v ^QsXavvovtag slg tr^v 7c6Xiv. mg (liv'- 53 
Tot iyyvg toi) tsi^ovg iyivovto , vfCo6tQicpov6tv ot ©ij- 
patot' ot di UxtQttat ld6vt€g avtovg ^attov rj pddrjv 
ax^X^ov. xald^&avsiiivovdslgavtav oitctg dlot 
&riPatoi tQ6ncuov i6tif6avto , ort dmxfOQri^av ot dva^ 
fidvtsg. o iiivtot^AyriOtXaog^ ircsl &Qa ^i/, dnsX%tavh\ 
i6tQatonsd^6opso ivQansQ tovg noXB\Uovg sl9s rffga^ 
rstayiiivovg' tfj 8^ v6tSQaCa dni^yays trfv inl Ss^ 
6mdg. d^Qa^icDg dl naQaxoXovd^ovvtOiv tcov TtsXta- 



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186 LIB. V. CAP IV. 

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figiav ivoKaloivtGiv , Stt ovx i^Xovd^Si, vnootf»^ 
fpivteg oi nSv ^OiW^^tmv tnmtgi ijtrj yaQ nceca ro^ 
oQxovs cwBtft^svovto , idM^ tB tevtovg n^g 
OQ^vovy na9^MQfjxolovdvvv,McAcatim&vavavtmv 
Haka TCoXkoih ' tBi%v yaQ nfog ovavtBg sifqAatov aXi- 

55 6xovt€U n^ol v<p tnniw. insl d* iyivsvo 6 ^Ay^cir 
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($hv ovv ovx inixQSifS ' itaXkd^ag dl avtovg xal ogxovg 
onLOifav aXXnjXoig avayxd^agy ovtmg an^^X&s ndXmt 
dvdtmKt^aiQmvogvqvinlMiyAQa. xai ixst^sv tovg 
fiiv 6t7($fLdjpvg dfpfjxs^ to dh noXitcxov Otfdtsvfia 
otxads dni^ays. 

56 MdXa 9h nistofvsvot ot Qiffiatot 6ndvst ifhov dw 
to ivotv itotv ii^ siXiiq>iva$ xccQnov ix v^g y^g, nip,^ 
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fJLrf i^ctyyeMsfyf. insit 61 dnijysto ottog^iccitfimst 6 ^AX- 
nitag v6v ts attov xaltdg tQtiJQstg^ kal toifg avdgag 
iifiiyQffisv oix iXattovg ovtag ^ tptaxoffiovg. t&^tovg 

57 dh dQ^sv iv ty dxQonoXst , ovnsQ avteg iiix^ov. dxo^ 
Xov^ovvtog ii ttvog tmv ^ShpstttSv ntuddg, ig S^a0av, 
fidXaTtaXovtsxdyadvlJy xaxafiaivtbv ix.v^g dxQono" 
Xsmg nsQltovvov fjv. xatayvovrsg di ot sUxfbiXmtot t^ 
dfUXstav , xataXoftfidvov^t vffv dftQonoXtv , xal ^ no^ 
Itg dfpiotatat' m6t svnoQmg ijdff ot 0fffiatot 6Btov 
noQsxofiiiovto. 

58 '7}noq>aivovtog' d> ndXtv tov fJQOg 6 fihv ^AyrioiXmog 



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LIB. V. CAP. fV. 187 

4iXivonstfls ^v. ot8 yccQ anfjfs ro 6t(fdt€V(ia ix tSv •j^ 
^fiwv, iv totg Msfdgotg avafiutvovtog avtoH in toi 
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ysvofi^hnfig Sh t^g xv^ijpiTig vnsQoyxof) xal 6dW(Sv aipo^ 
ififttov, EvQax6(ft6g tig lcctQdg cxdtsi t^v ituQa t0 atpv- 
Qp fpXifia avtov. d^g i} Sita^ ^Q^ato , lQQSt> aitfS vv^ 
nta ts xeA i^fiiQccv to alpicty xal itdvta noioHvtsg oix 
idiivavto 6%s1^ t6 ^s^iia itQlv ikLJCOir6%riOs • t6ts ftiv' 
xot inav6ato. xoH oikafg ixsivog p}v dmxoiiccd^slg slg 
AaxsiatfLova '^QQciarst t6 ts XoiTtov d^iQog xal dcd %sir- 
fttSvog. 

Ot Sh Aaxs3atp;6irtotj htsl iaQ V7tiq>aivs^ ndXtv59 
ipQOVQdv ts Sfpaivov xe^ Klsofc^QOtov rjystifd-at ixi- 
Xsvov, iitsl 8* i%tov ro atQdtsvfta TtQog trc5 Kt^atQ&vt 
dyivsto^ itQo^^aav avtp ot TtsXtaotal 6g itQoxataXij^ 
tl^ftsvot td vnkQ tHg odov. &riPaia}v dS xal ^Ad^valciv 
UQOxati%ovtig ttvsg to dxQov tsag ftiv Stcov avtovg 
^vapatvstv iitsld* iit* avtotg ifoav, ^avaatdvtsg 
idtmxov xal dnixtstvav nsQl tsttaQdxovta. to^Atov 
di ysvoftivov 6 KXsoftpQotog ddiSvatov voftl6ctg to 
vTtSQp^vat slg ffjv tav BfjPaCcov, antiyayi ts xcrf StiptM 
to &tQdtsvfta. 

ZvXXsyivtcav dh ttSv OVftftd%av slg Aaxtfticiftova^ 40 
X6yot iyOyvovto dno tmv 6vftftd%av ott 8td ftaXaxtav 
xatatQtft/fiotvto vno tov noXiftov. il^stvai yoQ 6(p6jt 
va^Og nXriQcitHcvtag noXfv nXstc^ag ttSv ^A^ip/atoiv iXsti/ 
Xtft^ tr[v noXtv avtSv ' i^stvat d* iv ttctg avtatg tavtatg 
VCCV61 xal stg 9iltPag 6tQdtsvfta dtafkpdistVj st fthv 
fiovXotvtOy inl^cnximvy st dipovXotvto, htlKQSiiatog. 
taiha dh Xoyttfdftsvot ^ijxovta ftivtQtijQStginXiiQah^^l 
6av^ niXXtg d^ aitcSv vavaQ%og iyivsto. xal ptivtot 



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1£8 LIB. Y. CAP. IV. 

ovx iilfsvc^aav ot xavxa yvQvzsgj dXX' ot*ji9^vafo$ 
iaoXioifKOvvxo * m yoQ cuayoya avtolg TtXola i%l fAv 
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tipf avayxriv^ ivifi/vfiav avtol slg tag vavgj xal vav- 
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xmoi, vg vav^iax^ xal o (ikv Cttog toig 'Ad^vaioig ovt€» 

%^naQSxoiU6tri. xaQaaxsvato(i^v€9v dh tav Aaxsdoifco^ 

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ov dwaxov iaoLto xolg Aaxsda^LovCokg aiia [isv v^v 
savx&v xcQQav tpvXdxxsiVj apw dh xdg nsQli^sivaxd 
XOQCa avfciJtaxCdag noXsug^ aiia Sl axgdtsvji^ dia^ 

63 fidiscv Ixavov jiQog savxovg. xaipt *A^vatoi> (i^vxo^ 
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OXQOtMv ixsi ovx* iv 99 TtiMd^og jtsQiSTcXsvas , ^Qa-' 
aicag d^ iaxQuxsvovxo ot 0rjPatoL inl xdg xsQioixCdag 

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Qoaav Sh xat otAansSai^vm mvxaxovy xal Npioloxav 
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slds tdg i^^d Tijio^hv vaSg^ ovx iiUXXi^as^ xaCnsiQ 
l£ vsmv avtp dxovaciv tmv *Ay.pQaximC8ci^^ dXX» 



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LIB. V. CAP. IV. LIB. VI. CAP. 1. 189 

nivth xal TtsvtTjHOwa Mxmv vavs ilijxovTa ovcaig ratg 
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tc5v aviiiidxcDV to iiSQog. 

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190 HB. VL CAP. h 

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vay slnsrotdds. 

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6 6^q(poQsty o6rtg ^^ txavog i6riv ifiol t6a novstv. av- 



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L I B. VI. C A P. I. 191 

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Ib2 L I B. VI. C A P. 1 

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T« odfLata xal t^v iisyaXotl^vxLav 6q(Sv oliiaL av atH 
tfSv bI xaXcSg tLg iTCLiiiloLto , ovx slvaL idvog oitOLOi av 
dlLciasLav vxtjxool slvaL SsttaXoL nXattndttjg ys fL^v 
y^g ovOrig OsttaXiag f xdvta td xvxXp i^vri VTCi^xoa 
fLSV iotLV^ otav tayog iv%^dds xataaty' CxsSov 8% 
Tcdvrsg ot tavtfj dxovtLOtaL slOLV ' Sotsxal nsXtaatV' 

10 xc? slxog vnsQi%sLV trjv ^rj(istiQav dvvafiLV, xal ^i^^v 
BoKOtOL ys xal ot SXXol ndvtsg SaoL jiaxsdaLiiovioLg 
noXsfiovvtsg vndQXOvai ^ol avmiaxoL' xal dxoXov^ 
^slv toivvv d^LOVOLV ifioiy dv ^iovov dno AaxsSaLyLO- 
vicnv iXsvd^SQa avtovg. xal ^A^valoL Ss sv olS^ ort 
ndvta noLY^asLuv dv Sats avnfiaxoL '^iitv ysvia^av 
«AA* iy6 ovx dv {lol doxiS nQog avtovg fpLXiav noLijaa-^ 
a^aL, voiu^ci) yaQ itL ^aov trjv xatd ^dXattav ^ fqv 

11 xatd y^v aQxrjv naQaXapstv av. sl 8s slxota Xoyt^o^ 
/i«t, axonsL^ ^9^5 xaltavta. ixovtsg ^iv ys Maxs- 
Soviav^ iv^sv xal *Ad^vaiOL td ^vXa SyovtaL, noXv 
8ijnov nXsiovag ixsivovtxavol iao^sd^a vavg noLijaa- 
ad^aL. dvdQ(3v ys fiiji; tavxag nXrjQovv notSQOV ^Adrj'- 
vaiovg rj rj^dg sixog (jLaXXov 8vvaad^aiy toaoiitovg xcd 
tOLotitovg ixovtag nsvsatag; tovg ys ^i^v vavtag tQS^ 
(pSLV notsQov riiLdg txavcotiQOvg sixog slvaL tovg 8l 
^q)&oviav xal aXXoas attov ixninnovtag rj ^Adrjvaiovg 

12 tovg ^r}8* avtotg txavov ixovtag^ av fti} nQicavtaL ; xal 
XQ^Iiaai ys slxog Si^nov ri^dg d(pd^ovotiQOLg XQV^^^'' 
/i^ slg vrjavSQLa dno§Xsnovtag ^ dXX* i^nsLQcotLxd id^vri 
xaQnoviiivovg. ndvta yaQ 8ijnov td xvxXp (poQOv 
^iQSLj otav taysvritaL td xatd ©sttaXiav. ola^a 8% 
S^nov oti xal fiaaLXsvg 6 IlsQaiov ov vijaovg dXX ^xstr- 



yGoogle 



LIB. VI. CAP. I. 193 

4^(licim^91f,i^vivQgj)(,^U^viovi£i^ fMif^iU- 

m^otimg , ,a|*a $h A9\9tf^.$VMdiiBm$ ml ^^S H^a JSJ- 

44ifW^im ^«j? {f^ilopg^m^^t^vai ^^g ^AVg ii^v- 
«'ot;!^., vWI#^%>^«5'^>^W*^> i^w*, .^v, $W^v 
(ifufqpfff^vfieii^ • o d\4«wv^WfS M^ ,««4 irf?t«S^ . W vM-- 
Aov fyfj^ifiPliov ,^fij y iSVt yptow)^ ^t^v ^.im^i if^f' M- 
^6v!$jL^og v4I^S.idY^tvtii,^^y ozl difHcvfic^l^o a^Qa" 
XSV6W inl0^(/i0aUovg, Htf>rinBi0o^i^,iie. ^bI^^qvv 
ixHBV^B ^fnqO^swv mQ* vfkqiv. »cd iav^itdv f^qt, igyij^ 
diSmoiv w^ ffB ml^Bi/if fmxv^v ni^if^iv GViMf^uv 

<og 4if4>^,mkiHt^9 m^\ imy ^tw^w^ofiti^^iaJS^i 

Sv,azofia^ i^ %m} atok^^ifip' iav M ^Qi4/,ij,$ox(0(Stv 
fHovSg fiofid^BiVy ovK ^ifi avB^Afitogiiv \dji»aie^ ^^g 
iv vg ^at(fi8i^ ^ <Sb vtfia^ Hoi ^oi ^QmtokS m if4fau(tta ; 
^BQi tovtmv ^i^ iy.m ^kio ^Qog v(M(gxal Uf^ ^xdwalA 
o€aiHBtavt6g^BAQfS KaliiCfiivov aTc^xoa. koI voftii/Dn 
ot^(99 ^X^i/v , avfdifBg AaKsdaiikovioi , wg si i^h/ ni^ 
ifmB MbT^b dvm^w ^ikii i(iol^vov aXla koI totg aX- 
Aoig 9BttaX0g iKav^v doKoikfav Blvai nQog ^laaova 
scolBfk^v^ anoet^fOovtat avtov at noXBcg' pca0ac yaQ 
4pofiovvtaco9Coc9Coth7tQofiit0Btac^ tov aviQog dvva- 
lug' bI di vBodafccidBcg kccI avdQa Idii&tnv oIbo^^b aQ- 
9ci0BCVy €V(cfiovXBviQ ifiv%iav i%Bi/if, Bv yaQ t^tB^ 15 
nQ6s tB fiBydXijv iatac ^mnuriv 6 ^oAefiog, Koi ycQog 
ScvdQa og ^(f6vifcog (clv oStcD 0tQatijy6g i6tiv mg o6a 
TB Xm/^^dvBw Kol o0a q>%dvBi>v koI o0a fiidtBOd^ac 
Xonoph. Hiflt. Gr. 13 



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194 LIB. VI. CAP. I. 

imxBiQBl ov fbiXa &g>aiia(fr4ivsi. txavog ydg icti nai 
wxtl o0ansQ '^(i^Qa %Qii6^aij xal Stav onsvdjjj aQi- 
6tov xal detnvov noi7i6d(i€vog afuc xovstod^ai. ots- 
tai 6\ xal avanavB6%ai XQ^vaiy Stav dtpixfitai iv9'^ 
iv 6Qii,ri(iivog g xal dtaxQdl^ai a dst' xal tovg [is^*^ 
avtov Si tavta Bt^vxsv. inCctatai d\ xal otav inixo^ 
vritsavtBg ayad^ov ti nQalaoiv ol OtQatuotaiy ixxX^^Ocu 
tdg yvdfiag avttSv cSotB xal tovto iiBiucd^jcaai xdv- 
tsg ot (iBt* avtovy oti ix tcSv novmv xal td luAaxd 

16 ytyvstai, xal fii)v iyxQati^tatog y' i6tlv mv iym olda 
tmv nsQl ro 6dSiia tidovtSv m6tB ovdi dtd tavta d6%o- 
Xtav JxBt to [iri XQdttsiv dsl to dBOfisvov. VfiBtg ovv 
6xBilfd(iBvot stnatB XQog igii, m^TesQ' vfitv XQ06ijxBij. 
oxota dwq^s^^^i ts xal ftiXlsts Ttoi^i^siv, 

17 *iQ fth/ taik ' slxsv. ot d} jdax^datgiovtoi tdts [ut 
dvBfidXovto trfv djcoxQtitv' rj d* v6tsQata xcd rj 
tQttjj Xoyi6d(iBvot tdg ts l^m giOQccg o6at avtopg ^l^ ^ 
xdg nsQl JaxsSatfiovanQogtdg i^ipcovtatmv*Ad^atan 
tQti^QBtg xal tov nQog tovg ogioQOvg n6XB(iovy dnBXQt- 
vavto ott iv tm naQOvtt ovx av Svvatvto txavrjv au- 
tp ixniiiifat intxovQtavj dXX* dntovta 6vvtt^s6^at 
avtov ixiXsvov onjj Svvatto aQUSta td ts iavtov xcd 

18 td trjg noXsmg. xdxstvog (livtot inatvi6ag tr^v dnXo- 
tr^ta trjg noXsmg dnifXd^B. xal tr^v fihf dxQonoXtv rc»i^ 
9aQ6aXtmv iSstto tov *Id6ovog ff^ dvayxd6at avtov 
naQaSovvaty onmg totg naQaxatad^sfiivotg Sta6mig' 
tovgS* iavtovnatSag iSmxsv ofi^^Qovg^ vno6x6ftsvog 
avtm tr^v ts noXtv nst^ag sxov6av 6v(i(iaxov notrJ6stv 
xal tayov 6vyxata6tiJ6Btv avtov, mg Sh td niatd iSo- 
6av dXX^^Xotg^ svd^g (isv ot 9aQ6dXtot siQijvriv ^yovj 
taxv Ss 6 *Id6a)v 6(ioXoyov(livmg tayog tmv SsttaXmv 

19 xad^si^tijxst. inst ys (i^rjv itdysv6B , Stitaisv tnntxov 



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L 1 B. VI. C A P. 1. n. 195 

T€ Scov buiaxri xoXi^ dwax^q i^ fioLQi%Biv xtA onknir- 
k6v. Mid iyivovto avtp beMBllg (ihv 6VV Totg 0vi$iuixoig 
nltlovg ^ dxtaxufxiXiotj oxXttai dh ikoyl6^0av ovx 
ildttovg di6^v0i€9Vj mltaatixov ys (Af^v Cxavov nQog 
navtag av^Qweovg avtitaxd^vcu * iQyov yag ixsivtov 
ys xal tag xoXsig aQiS^fAiiaai. XQostxs dh totg nsQioi- 
xoig naov xal tov ^poQov &0xbq ixlJSxoxatstayiikivog 
ijv tpiQBiv. xal tavta yihf ovt mg ixBQalvsto * iym Sk xd'- 
Xvv ixavBijii^ od^sv ^ig tag xsqI ^laoovog XQalsig i^i^v. 

Ol HLSV yaQ AaxsdaifiovMi xal ot avykybaxoL ovvs^ n. 
Xiyovto slg tovg 9mxiag^ ot 6s Sripatov avaxmQTJOaV" 
tsg slg tiiv avtSv itpiiXattov tdg siofioXdg. ot d* ^A^-- 
vatoi^ aviavoiiivovg fthv bQtovtsg didaq>ag tovg@fi- 
fiaiovg^ XQ^fMctd ts ov oviifiaXXofiivovg sig to vavtv- 
xovy avtol dh dxoxvai4(uvov xdl x^fMErfiH' siaipoQatg 
xal XjjOt siaig il Alyiwig xol tpvkaxatg t^g X^Q^Sy i^^ 
^vfLijaav xavaaad^av tov xoXiiiovy xdi xifi^vtsg XQi^ 
afisig slg Aaxsdaifi4>va slQiivfiv ixoi/ijaavto. 

Evd^g d* ixstd^ev Svo tmv XQiafismv xXsvaavtsg 2 
xatd doyiia f^g xoXsmg slxov tp TifLod^im axoxXstv 
otxads mg siQifVfig ovarjg • 6 d' Sfia dxoxXimv tovg tmv 
Zaxw^imv tpvyddag dxsfiifiaasv slg t^v xco^ai/ av- 
tmv. ixsl dl ol ix tijg xoXsmg Zaxvvd^tov xiiiil^avtsgS 
XQog tovg Aaxsdavfioviovg SXsyov ola xsxovd^otsg slsvm. 
vxo tov Tii$&&iov, svd^vg ot AaxsdavgiovLOi, ddir- 
xstv ts riyovvto tovg ^AdTjvaiovg xdl vavttxov xdXiv 
xatsaxsvaiov xal avvstdttovto sig ^ifxoi/ra vavg 
dx^ avtHg ts f^g AaxsSaifiovog xal KoQiv^ov xaL 
AsvxdSog xa\ 'A^ifiQaxiag xal ''HXiSog xal Zaxvv&ov 
xal ^Axixtdg xaVExiSavQov xal TQOii^^vog xal 'Eqiiio- 
vog xal ^AXiimv. ixiati^aavtsg 81 vavaQxov MvdaiX" 4 
xov ixiXsvov tmv rs aXXmv ixmsXsta^ai tmv xat 



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106 



tlB. TI. CAP. 11- 



iIjWwAiihw^A.m*»»!', «/"«si*^»^»»*^*"»'/*^ 

wiJTOiB ««l fei f^ *e|»^v», 6«o'« fifl »»tf»»»' '««*«'«» 
8i«ai«(»«t. i«oA«)>«f^«'»«^*^«<'**^- T' * 
^CK$(f*V9<a<yyix (^ r^s y^-S o^^ ^*"'?"^^*'^ ? 
«p«wW*«t««ta y^v, ««ta i»aA«prt«v# oi»**» *WJ- 
ym «^oJfe «»a td v«vx9«rgW#at, A' «oAAri ajto^ 
9 ^«f' • x«l w^/twovres «9^ xwg'A»n»uioysPofl»ftv xa 
HiovTo md iSaaaxov <ds f»^« P^ ««ya^ov ««ojJaAww 
^ , sl Ks(MVQttg «Tt9n»$tev , Tor^ dl noXetUoig jteyo- 
Aijv av laxvv HQospdXoisv i^ oi>9s^s7«9 «o*e«»S 
n^v ys 'Ad^av ovts vwBg ovts XWP«^« «*««>»«[ 
5v ysv^fl^t. fot «i ««»»«» t^v KiifKVQav iv nalm 
^ Tov «o^wa-Maroi; noknov xal tmv mXsav at i«l 



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II B. VI. CAP. n. 197 

toikov X€td*^xov0iv y iv xalp dh tov f^v Aaxwvix^^v 
Xmfav filumsmy iv 7caXli6tp dl r^g ts avtmiifag 
^HAsCffov xid tov fknaXoTCovvrfiov aito JSixsXiag nct^ 
^oA^QdL axQwsavteg di tuvta ol *A^vatoi, ivQfifUSavyi 
U%vifmg isumhftiov dvai^ xal ^tqaxv^yov ni^novet 
KvrfiuAia Big iifiuu^ciovqijipvtansltmSta^^Alxitov di 
idsiid^avawSuitfi/>§d(kutovtov$. xalotfto$ (niv w-U 
xtog^ 8iaxofU4i%ivtsg noi f^g x&ifag sia^qXd^ov Ug f^ 
nokw. &ln^^l6la!vta dk xol ^ijxovtavavg tcXtiqovv^ Tir- 
Ik4^>sov d* avtcSv ^tQoxajydv ijfikQotovriaav. 6 8^ ov 12 
dwaiisvog avtd^sv taq vavg nkriQ&0airy htl v^omv 
xXsvHccg ixatd>SfV imsiq&to 0vii7tXriQovv^ ov ipavXov 
^yovfisvog shatixi cvyTcsxQOnnjiiivaQ vavg sixy icsQir- 
TtXsv^v. ot d' ji^vaXoL voix^ovtsg avtov avaXovv 13 
40V trqjt &Qag sig tov TCSffiseXow %q6voVj cvyyvdfMfv 
ovx i6%ov avtpj dXXa naviSavtsg avtov vqg OtQatfi^ 
yiaf^IpmQotij av&aiQOvvtaL, 6 d' &r«l xar^raj (yt^a- 14 
tifyog , ^Xa oiieas tag vavg ittXayf ovto xcA tovg tQi/r^- 
QaQjfpvg^^vdyxats* 7CQO0iXafis Sh TCaQa tcSv 'AdTivaiav 
xdi st scovtcg vavg xsqI tipf 'Attix^^v licXs$ xci tfjv na-' 
QuXov xd t^ Saijufuviavj Xiycav dg iav taxst xaXcSg 
yivTfccu^xoXXag avtots vavg cacoTcifh^^t. %al iyivovto 
cavtf^aiaMacacscsQlifiihiAiixovtcL ivdhtovtpt^xQO-* 15 
vsp ot KsQXVQatoi wtok 6q>68Qa iicsivcav &6ts did ro 
^^og tmv avtoiioXovvtcMf ixr^Qvlisv 6 Mvdciacnog us- 
XQa4^a^S0ttg avtoiioXoAj. isul S\ ovShv fptosf rivtofto^ 
iloin/) tsXsvtfSv xdl ^aCtvyAu djciicsnLicsv. otf^ivtoi iv- 
do%^sv to6g ys dovXovg ovx idixovto TcdXiv sig to tsViogf 
aXXm oroAlol Sim axi^hnfixov^ 6 S avMvdcmicog oq&v 16 
rfaiitay ivofuii ts o0ov ovx ^drj ^cv tij^v tcoXiv xci 
msqI tovg fuo^oipoQovg ixawo^Aoyscy xcH tovg (Uv tir- 
tmg avtSv anofUc^ovg ixsrcoi/qxscy totg Si tcCi, xa\ 



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198 LIB. VI. CAP. II. 

dvotv fjdfi [iip/otv £g>siX8t6v iic6^6vy ovx aitoQmv^ mg 
HiystOy XQfii/Latciv' xal yaq t&v Tcoksav at nokXal 
avtm afyv(fiov avtl t(Sv avdifdv bcsfinov^ ats xal 

17 dianovtCov tijg OtgatsCag ovOi^g, xatvdovtsg Sh ano 
TcSv nv^oiv ol ix tiqg xoXsmg tdg ts qwXaxag xstQOv 
^ nQOiS^sv tpvXatto^ivag i6naQ[iivovg ts xatd v^ 
xdQav toifg dvd^Qcinovg , iitsxdQap,6vtsg tovg fkiv tv- 

XHv^g avtcSv iXapoVy tovg Sh xatixoifav. aldd^oi/usvog 
dio Mvd6i7cnogy avtog ts ilmTcXCtsto xat o6ovg slxsv 
oTcXCtag a7Ca6iv ipoffd^svy xal tovg Xoxccyovg xai tovg 

19 ta^iaQXOvg i^dysiv ixiXsvs tovg li^iedo^QOvg. dx^ 
xQivaiiivcav ditivav XoxccycSv Stc oi ^(fSiov slhj [mi dir- 
dovtag td imtijdsuc nsiAoindvovg naQixsiv, tov giiv 
tiva paxtfiQCf^ tov dh tp 0tVQaxi indtal^sv. ovtca pihf 
dii dd^ficog ixovtsg xal p.i0ovvtsg avtov ewsl^X^ov 

20 ndvtsg' onsQ fjxicta slg fidxriv 6vgiq>iQSi. 6 d' inst 
naQstd^ato , avtog (ihv tovg xatd tdg nvXag tSv jto- 
XsiiCmv tQsfdgisvog insdCcaxsv oC d^ insl iyyvg rot; 
tsCxovg iyivovtOj avs6tQiipovt6 ta xal dno tcSv ^vti- 
(idtcav ifiaXXov xaL ^x6vtitov aXXoc S* ixdQaiMvtsg 
xad'' itsQa^vXag initCd^svtat dd^QOOi^ totg ^<y%ar<H$' 

21 ot d* in^ oxtiQ tstayinivoij d^^svlg vo^Ccavtsg ti 
axQOv tijg (pdXayyog ixsiVy dvaetQitpsiv inscQcSvto. 
dig d* iiQ^avto inavaxoQstv ^ ol gtiv noXiiiioi mg q>sv- 
yovCiv inid^svto, ol d' ovxitt inaviatQStffav xal ol 

22 ixofisvoc Cf avtiSv sCg tpvy^v Sqiig)v. 6 dh Mvd6innog 
totg ^hv niato(iivocg ovx idvvaro porid^stv dcd tovg ix 
roi; xat* dvtixQv nQocxsifiivovg^ dsl d' iXsCnsto 6vv 
iXdttoav. ziXog d* olnoXiiiioc dd^Qooc ysvo^svot ndv^ 
tsg instC^svto totg nsQl tov Mvdatnnov^ ijdri (idXa 
oXCyoig ovtsc. xal ol noXVtat OQiSvtsg to ytyvogiavop 

23 ins^aav. insl d* ixstvov dnixtsivavj idCcnxov lldii 



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LIB. VI. CAP. II. 199 

Snavtsg. intvdvvBv0av S" av xal rh otQatoxBdov iXstv 
€vv tp xoQaxainati , sl f*^ oC diaixovtss to v ayogatov 
t€ o%kov i86vtsg xal tov tmv d^eQaTtovtiov xal tov tmv 
avdQanodm/, oirj^dvtsg og>£X6g tv avtdiv Blvat^ axs~ 
4ftQdq>ovto, xaL tots fihv tQ6nai6v ts Xotaoav ot Ksq^ 24 
xvQatoi tovg t$ vsxQovg vxo0nivdovg ansdldoaav. 
ix d\ tovtov ot^hv iv ty noXsy iQQcniisviotSQOi iysyi^ 
vrivto, ot d* ISo iv navtl ^^ a^iitdg ^6av. xal yaQ ili^ 
ysto oti*Iq>ixQdtrig ts o6ov ovx rjdri naQslii^ xal ol 
KsQxvQatoi di tcS ovti vavg inXr^Qow. ^TscsQiiivrjg 6s, 25 
og itvyxavsv ixi6toliag)6Qog t& Mvactnjcp cSv, to ts 
vavtixov ndv oc^oi^ r^v ixst 6wsnlrJQ<o6s ^ xal nsQtr- 
»lsv6ag nQog to %aQaxmika ta nXota ndvta ys(i£oag 
tmv ts ttvdQanoScov xal tmv xQriiidtcov dn^tskXsv* 
avtog dh 6vv ts totg invfidtaig xai totg nsQiOiod-stOi 
tmv 6tQatianSv dutpvlatts to xa^D^xofia * tikog S% 26 
xal ovtoi (idXa tstaQayiiivoi dvafidvtsg inl tdg 
tQirjQstg dninXsov, noXvv fikv 6ttoVj noXvv Si olvovy 
tcoXXd Sh dvSQdnoSa xal d^d^svovvtag 6tQattcitag xa- 
taXin6vtsg' Ssivmg yaQ instpo^rivto fi^ xataXrjfpd-stsv 
vno tmv *ji^va£c9v iv ty vf^6<p. xal ixslvoi fikv slg 
jisvxdSa dns6ci^6av. 

*0 Sh ^ltpixQdtrig insl fiQ^ato tov nsQtnXov^ afUK27 
^hf InXsiy ttfia Sh ndvta o6a sig vavfiaxtav naQS- 
oxsvdisto ' svd^vg lihv yaQ ta fisydXa l6tta avtov xar- 
iXutsvj iag inl vavfiaxtav nXicov xai totg dxattoig 
di^ xal sl tpOQOv nvsvfia str^y oXtya ixQV'"^^ ' '^V ^^ ^^ 
ny rov nXovv noiovfi.svog afisivov ts td 6cifiata ixsiv 
tovg ttvSQag xal aiisivov tdg vavg nXsTv inotsi. noX- 28 
Xdxtg Sh xal onov iniXXoi dQt^tonoutod-av to 6tQdtsv- 
jia rj Ssvnvonoist6^aLy inavriyaysv dv to xiQag dato 
trjg y^g xatd tavta ta x(x>Qta , instt* ini^tQifag dv 



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200 LPB. VL CAP. II. 

9tal hniitQfifov^ xcezic^iUxgigag tifi/ij(fng iad mjpBim 

^if to ^Qdk6i>^iMl 4}dmQ lapkp iea\ st tov SXXov idi^ 
ovfo^ TuA ^^(tfwt^ d^i^t^^oat * xotg d* i&ctdtti^ A^imp^ 
[tiMtg fiBfi^ ^fiiuijvt^ t$ iXattoiM^i nS09 to^ 
t0$gMitl oti ai/aytod^m aficc idn ^ ixd iS*i^ims * mv-^ 
il^w^y&lftotg^9CQi&t6igd^7Cf0in^ na^ i}^^ 
%Uifp Shcavta nof^^^ t9^^ 6^ itkevtahhg Sta OMwi^^ 

29 iffvXtauig y^ ^M^, si t^x^t iv vg noXBfiitf a^tmotiov^ 
lt$vogy titg (ih/ iv t^ yfjf^ Svns^ntfocijtdii^ hipMMjI^ 
iv dh talg vav9hf alg6p^og av td^ l^tovg dno tov- 
tm i6Hdnstt6\ noM ovv ikl nXiov o^ot xad^m^mv ^ 
ot it tai) hpLahov) &^ v^X0vigw 9ca^0(fmvtsg. Snxkr 
Sh dstTifOimoVtO kttl TfM^Biidot y iv ^ tr^ &gfaxoni9m 
i^fbKta^ nVQ&ditiHa$j npoih tov otgatBVfkatOg cpmg 
inolti^ lifa pnjdBigXiidTfn^Miv. noXXaHtg di, 6i e6^ 
dia stii^ si^H^ Sttnvricag ivijysto' xal fi ($iv avga 
qfilf^t^ &i(]hin^ Sfm avan»6(mio' sl Sk iXavvstv Siot^ 

30 Hcitic ft^s^ to^ v»&tag dvinav^. iv S^ totg lu^ 
^f$i^ttV nXotg dnd 6Vi(t$i€iiV totif [ihv ini tti^mg ijya y to^ 
ifh S' hH tp&Xayfog' S&ti Sfia (ilv inXidv, SfMa ^ 
ndvta oca elg vav(taxiav xccl i^6xfix6tsg Ttdk inUftdfts^ 
vot slg t^v i»i tidP noXsfklmv\ mg ^ovtiy^ xt^^iii- 
vftt ffdXttm^ il^xv&&0to. xal td phf noXXA iv r$ 
m^X^tOfiU^^^fiftMitt^iSsenvavv* Sid Sh ro tdvay^ 
X9ttit fL6viiv itQdmst^ xal tdg fiovi&^Bihcg S^dwsv dnm*- 

31 yiptV6g xal ttt%if inii^vB. nspi S^ t6v Mva^innov 
&dvat6v hvnttVi^ tSiv t^ AoHmvix^^g nsfil tdg JS^ 
yAcg. slg t^v %Xsidh/ Si d^iie6ptsv6g xiA na^X6v6ag 
t& toB *AXipMi6t6p»c^&t6v*lTij^ naXoTiftihfOv 6i^ 
(Uiftttoi tiS^ictsifiilif ivtsiPbsv d^iBto hd t^Ks^ 
^aXXfivtagy oStm xiel tstayitdVOg f^lrdl^ nXioi^v nowif^ 



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LIB. VI. CAP. U. aOlr 

v0apm%otit. ni^yafwn^60^v9v^Mimotm6if¥ciMmov 

kijnm&j mh kfmXcmsto' iicsb ^vtoi ccq)i(HSt& si^^^t^v 
KafmkhtvitBv^ iriw&Q^n iif ^wpS^ ^t/^^y %A Awl^ 

Oidit file9r ovv Stt tu^a nawtcc y St9^' oSminmSi 
va^fmjfii^fB&l^ av^fmicoify xal aaoMta^ nal fkBUtdtm* 
aMbx^tovtoisumHS^ ott^iMl afpmiddm tajtft l^t iv^ 
9u to9^ smUf»^ vafvffajpiificv ^o^ rfS^o^ oM^ 
fnjt&imtdv oAow ivsmfftiifbova^ Bhm tmv si§ vav^ 
fMXffwfk^dtat^tai^Wfk^^av ^fiMtBfdpve wp^ 
ui^em} 

Kma^Qiifdfkwa^ 9k tAg iv t^ Ms^a^viar ^ 33 
i^§tti^sv^v sisfl^fffv^avi imtikTt^o^fLh^dm}'^^ 
oa&ottKtfo€siJLiov$v Sincfi i^»if^ ^^ Jmfv^iov^, 
fiav^aoveai, TOf^ AmtSain^toiQ, a^og ildtgp ^mi 
Monlfdfkavos t^^g xoi^ag^ o^w tovg ta itfOifycJ^ioPtag &0^ 
vcctov f^ &Qav x«l twg ^fffscUvovtag slg tijp nilw m- 
ta^avsJfg slvac, ivtav9m aati&fnfis tovg PHMO^^ otdh 34 
xs^iHng fikv 6vvi^sto oi^ifnXsovtantvs nal b(fpo6vt^ 
ck dioi, 6rifLa6vsvu * cfiyto^ dl tmvt^mfQagictfV nfO0im^ 
isv stnoiftv^ o^ JM^o^ ind «ij^sievy iaoXov^s^' 
sldi T^ f*^ axoXovd^i^ot^ nQOBtns fk^^fiif^tlfsa^act^v 
d^Hflv. ind d' iifrifdv9^6av nQwanUov6ap ncit ini^ 
(^e^ic^iyivstod^iagitifn^oiii' o6*igiyA^o«^ 
oi dQ6fi^ twv fkskXovtoip nksVv siaif^fi stgti^f «^^ 
nJis6aag M hf&a ^aav itt noXifua$ tQvii(fSig^ nata?tUf^ 35 
fkipH isti fch t^ Skkmv t^^ipcav dgtiiv friv toi>g 
Mqo^ iHpsfirpcitagy MckAvmkog fvivtoi. i^Piicog tot» 
ts ikXoig ifwsfio4ksvs pif fstifUP ivtav»a xtt) iwfeoif 
iSli^cs^c^vogtiivva/&pil^inXMi* kMiKPgfAfiri^nat^ 



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202 LIB. VI. CAP. II. 

nsQ ixavtmv tdOg *I(pix(fatovg vav6lv Siuog anitpvyw 
ai Sh aico JSvffaxovoav viisg antusai iaXm6av avto99 

36 av8ifd6i,v. 6 fidvtoL ^JipixQdtfig tdg fiiv t(fiii(f€ig aicpo>- 
triQia6diievog llxav xatfjydysto sig thv tmv Ks(fxv' 
(fattov Xi(iivay tav 81 dvS(fAv 6wdfifi Sxa0tov taxtov 
a(fyv(fiov dnott6aiy nX^ K(fivCnxov tov ap%ovtog ' tov- 
tov d* i<pvlatt$Vj mg ij nQaiofisvog nd^noXXa xQiJiMcta 
ij mg n<oXij6€av. xdxBtvog filv vno Xvnrig avd^aiQitp ^a- 
vdtp dnodvii^xH^ tovg 8* aXXovg 6 'Itpix^fdtijg dtp^^i, 

37 KiQxvQoUovg iyyvfftdg deldfisvog tc5v %(ffifidt€S}v. xtd 
tovg f4v vavtag yeoQyovvtccg totg Ks(fxVQaioig ro 
nXet6tov SiitQSfpSy tovg dh n€Xta6tdg xid tovg dno tav 
vBfSv onXCtag S%€Ov dufiaivsv slg triv^AxaQvavCav * jcai 
ixsttatg fkiv q>iXCaig n6XB6iv inaxovQH^ tttCg [ti]8ioi^ 
tOy 0VQViv6i diy (idXa xal dvd(fd6iv dXxCfioig xaL %Qy- 

3A qCov xa(ftBQOv l%ov6vVj inoXifkBL fucl to dno Kbqxv^ 
m.Qag vavtixov nQ06Xa§6v^ 6%iddv nsQl ivevijxovta 
vavg^ nQatov (ihv slg KetpaXXrivCav nXsvOag %Qfj- 
(ittta inQdiato^ td (ih/ naQ* ixovtiDv, td Sh na(f 
dxovtmv * insixa d\ naQsoxevdteto tijv te tmv Aa^ 
xsdaifiovCaw %ciQav xaxSg noisPv xal tSv aXX(OV 
tmv xat ixstva noXsmv noXsfiCav ov6mv tdg [ikv 
id-sXov^ag nQ06Xa(ifidvsi.Vy totg 8h (iri nst^oi^ivoi^ 
noXsfistv. 
59 *E^m (ikv dij tavtfftf tiiv ^tQotfjyCav tav'Iq>iiCQd^ 
tovg ov% fjxi6ta inaivm, Insita xal to n(f06sXi6dm 
xsXsv6ai iatnm KccXXi6tQat6v ts roi^ dfi(Mffy6(fOV j ov 
lidXa inifqdscov ovta , xal XafiQCav^ (idXa 6tQatfiy6v 
vo(iit6ii^svov. stts yuQ q>QOvC(U>vg avtovg '^yovfitsvog 
slvac 6v(iPovXovg Xafistv ifiovXsto^ 6(oq>Q6v fio$ ioxst 
duicnQdia6^aiy stts dvtmdXovg vofiCimv^ ovtm ^(fa- 
6img ^ts xataQQad^vf^mv (ii^tsxatatisXmvfj^fidiv ipatr 



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LIB. VI, CAP. II. III. 20S 

vB6^aL^ Hiya tpifovovvtog iq> iavta tovto ^oi 9o%Bt 
avdgos Blvat. xaxstvog ftlv dij tav^ ingattBV, 

Ot d% l^dijvatoty ixnsmancotag fikv SQmvtsg ix t^g IBL . 
BoimtCag IHaxatiag^ tplkovg ovtag^ xal xata%stpsvy6'' 
tag XQog ccvtovg^ txstsvovtag dl Sstfntiag ft^ (fq>dg ns- 
pudstv anoktdag fsvofiivovgy ovxht in^^vow Tovgdiy- 
fiatovgy aXXd noXsfistv (isv avtotg ta (ihv ^tf xvvovtOj 
td 8h aevyLtpOQag i%stv iXoyCiovto • xotv(ovstv ys fiiyv 
avtotg cSv InQattov ovxitt TJd^sXov^ insl iwQtov 6tQa- 
tsvovtag ts avtovg inl q>iXovg aQ%aCovg tfj noXst Oah- 
xiag^ xal noXsig ntctdg t iv tp nQog tov fiaQfiaQov 
noXiftc) xal tpCXag iavtotg dq^avC^ovtag. ix tovtarv iii 
^(ptcdfisvog 6 d^ftog siQijvfiv notst0^aty nQmtov 
pkv sig Sijpag nQi^fistg insyu^s naQaxaXovvtag axo^ 
Xovd^stv^ sifiovXotvtOy sig jiaxsdaCftova nsQl siQijvfig' 
instta dh i^insitfav xal avtol nQi^fistg. ijv dh tmv 
atQS^ivtmv KaXXCag 'InnovCxov^ AvtoxXijg HtQOiifit' 
xCiov^ ^frjltoOtQcctog *AQt(Stoipmvtog ^ *AQt6toxXiig^ 
K7iq>t(56dotogy MsXdvamog, Avxatd^og. [insl dl jrpoa-S 
fjX^ov inl tovg ixxXfjtovg ts t(av Aaxsdat^ovC(ov xalnu 
tovg 6v(i[id%ovg''\ xal KaXXCctQatog dh 6 drjiiriy^Qog 
n(tQ^' vno6x6^svogydQ^I(ptxQdtsty slavtov dtpsiTi^^ 
XQijfucta niyL^fStv tm vavttxp rj siQijvrjv notri^stv^ ov- 
X(og *A^vrj6C ts "^v xal inQcctts nsQl siQijvrjg' insl di 
Mxtiotrioav inl tovg ixxXrjtovg ts t(Sv AaxsdatntovCmv 
xal tovg 6V(i(id%ovgy nQmtog iXs^sv avt(Sv KaXXCag 6 
dadovxog. rjv S* ovtog olog (Mfidhv ^ttov rjds^d^at v(p 
avtovrivn aXXmv inatvovfisvog' xal tots tfi) rJQl^ato 
€idi nmg. 

te avdQsg Aaxsdatfiovtoty tr^ (ihv nQO^svCav vii(5v 4 
evx iym ^^vog^ aXXa xal natQog natrjQ natQpav ix(ov 
naQsdCdov tm yivst. fiovXoftat Sh xal tovto vfitv dij- 



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a04 LIB. VI. CAP. m. 

XtoMi^ (OS i%(ov6a ^ TiiXtg SuxtslBt oipog i9|xa$. iuatifr^ 

mi. niyA %^6^v Si^ ^dv^- iji^i; ^«((l noiiyi^v xa^ 
ta}M^mg^ualii*a^9ti^oug'caXs nQ€6^MCai^8iiiCQaiiir- 
liffv 9cal vfktv nai ^^fbSv c/^i^v* vvv dh zQitov ijnfOj. 
xaV i^vfuu xoAv Sixaiotaxa vvvtiv diaXXay^ tvX/Siv. 
5o04»ystQ^ovxalXa pivvfltv^ aXXa di ^(Uv ioKOvvtOy 
aXX vfkog t$ ajfioiUvovg xalvukdsty IlXatamv ts 
%al Gsifaimv avcuQdffSi. Tcmg avv ovx sixog ta avtct 
yi/yvsiifHOvtag^ ^piXovg iiaXXov oMi^Xoig ^ xoXs(i£ovg 
dvm^ 9hA 6mipQovmv ykkv irinov itftl /ti^i sl (iLxga ti 
im^fidfovta s&f xoXsitov avatgstadm' si i^ 811 xak 
O(ioyv9s>ftovoi/L»v, ov9k av %aw tav^^avfuxatmv stri ft^ 

6 slQfnvrnv nXHst6%ai; dikaiov fisv ovv '^vfifiSs oicka inir' 
^QStv dAXijloig i^g, iitsl Xiysta^ (iSv T(fV7tt6Xsnog 
o ^(AitsQOg Oifdyovog ta ^r^iufcgog xal K^Qvig aQQrira 
IsqA nQsit^ liivoig dstS^ai^HQaxlstts t^ v(utEQm aQ- 
ynfi^ »a\ jdUiOxoQoiv totv vfkStiQOhv noXitaiv^ xai 
toii ^hffkritQog dh xaQnov sig nQoitvjfy trpf IlsXonovvif^ 
60V 6xsQ(ia 8(0Qii6€i6^a$, n^ ovv Sixakov ^ Vfutgy 
noff av iXdpsts 6niQ(U)etccj ro^ tovu»v noti xoQxiu 
a^stv 8ijm6ovtagy ^^(lag ts, olg i846xa(ksv, (f/^ ov2(l 
fi&vXs6&a$ mg nXsC^trjv tovtoig d^d^oviav tQOiprjg ys^ 
«^6w»; si 8^ &Qa ix ^sAv nmQC9(iivov i6tl noXifiovg, 
ivdvdfQmnoig yiyvso^ac^ flftsig 8rj xq'^ aQxs6dxci (thr 
amov Ag 6%oXaiKaxay otav 8h yivr^xtn^ xaxctXvs6%as^ 
g 8%nfatov td%i6ta. 

7 Msxd tovtov jivtoxXrjgy (uiXa 8oxmv inuttQs^g, 
slvat ^G)^, m8s '^oqsvsv. *!Av8Qsg Aa9ts8ai(i6vu}iy 
otk phf S (nsXXea Xiyskv ov nQog xdQiv v(itv ^^6stai 
oix dyvom * dXXd 8ohcI |m>a, oZtwsg fiovXovtaij ^ av 



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LIB. VL CAP. m. 205 

MwqfkJ9vtai4pMoov, vmwi^v mg mleictov xQovevduqti- 
«^lms jMautiov ^lvtu J^Ji/ijXovg %a M^tta tmv xoAiimv. 
^vfbBig dhasl i$sv q>€ai£ ofg avtovoptovg ta>g TCoA^ig j^ 
€lv€tL, avtol d i&th {uikuita ^tcoSAv ty oivtQVQfitia, 
^wtid!&s&£^^fxh^ya{^ w^og t^ ovp^^wxfdag^naXBtg^ta^ 
to w^tov^ auoXovdf$1h/\moc av vftatg ^yifiAdn. xeUtoi 
%i toviM wcvtiOvoii£a "ao^o^ipiei,; tiot£l0St€ jSk>xoi6fiiovgS 
^mt ivoKowovfimoi «o^ wiifuixf^iig, Ktd ^ioA^^WMOvg 
ifyiS^te ' w6ts MoXkaxtg iTcl tovg ,Bviuv€€iuimv$Mm'' 
jwii/wxut ^€t^%$vsiv ot J(i8fit6(f^oi avtovDfuu tlvai. 
ittMm^tAvmviva»tJ46taftaviamovo^U(f^ TMtlti^wge^ 
ivS^aifih/d&uicQ^g^ ivd^a iSk tgmxovtaQ%iag * xal tov- 
t&v ti9v J^Qijiovtmv iiUfisX^tis oi^Smkg voftiiKag S^ 
l^iM)^, mIX* &fmg iSvvixvtm^fii^ xate%Bmf tag mtkBig. 
m4ft ioiTcatetVQawi^ (laXhov Ji TiolLteiiUgafioftivmg, 
ocarl &tsiih/ Paotlsvgygfoaitattev mvtovofiovg ttt^ aro- 9 
Jifug ebvw^ pdXa iytyvciaxovtsgifpaiveciJd^s Stt sipi^ ia- 
f$Oi8v olSrifiaXoi sxdavrp/tmvmXsawaQXJ^vits savt^g 
%al otg av fiovXrjftat vofwig xQCfi^&aiy m> moa^ovOi 
xata ta fiaoiXimg yQap,iittta ' imi Sh miQsXdfists t^v 
Kad^avy ovS* avtolg ^paioig i%stQi%&ts avtovo^ 
fsmg dvav. Sst Ss tovg piXXovxag tptXovg ia&t&mov 
staQa tmv aXXmv filv dlstovv tcSv Sixaimv tvyxdvetv^ 
^vtovg Si onmg uv xkstCta Svvmvtai nXsovsxtovvtag 
tpcUvsod^ai. 

Tavta siimv mmniiv ^ikv ^Qa Tcdvtcsv ixoifj6€Vy 10 
i^Sofiivovg Sh tovg dx&o^ivovg totg AaxsSai[iovioig 
inoirfis. fistd tovtov KaXXi6tQatog iX^sv^ ^AXX 
oxmgiiiv^ m avSQsg AaxsSav(wvtot^ ovx iyysyivtitat 
MiUiQtfjiiata xal dtp rnimv xal dtp vftcSv iym fihv ovx 
av s%stv ftot SoTcm sinstv * ov ftivtpi ovtm yi/yvmaxm 
mg totg ditaQtdvovoiv ovSinots iri xQffitiov oqco 



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206 LIB. VI. CAP. m. 

yccQ t&v av^Qmuiov ovdivu ivafiaQXiqxov ductBXouv- 
xa' doxov<f$ di (lOi xal svnoQ€itSQO$ iviot€ yiyveC^at 
avd^Qmnot a^Qtdvovtig^ aXXmg ts ntal iav KoXa6^4aH 

11 Ctv vxo tmv a[iaQtfiiidt(xyv j mg '^(istg, xal VfUv di 
iymys oqA diM td dyvmnLOv&g XQax^ivta i6tiv ott 
MoXXd dvxltvna yiyvofisva ' mv ^v xal ij xataXfjg^d^sC" 
6a iv ^fiaig Kadfis^' vvv yovvj mg i6%ovddcats 
avtovoyLovg tdg noXatg ysvi6^at^ xd6ai xdXiVj ixsi 
i^diiXfij^6av ol Bf/fialoij hi ixsivoig ysysvipnaL &6t9 
xsxaidsvfiivovg ^(idg mg to xXsovsxtsiv dxsQiig ictt 
vvv iXxiia %dXtv yLStQtovg iv ty XQog dXXi^Xovg q>tXia 

12 S6S6^at. a dh fiovXofisvoi ttvsg dxotQixstvf^v siQif^ 
vf^v 8tafidXXov6tVy ag '^fistg ov iptXiag Ssoftsvoty dXXd 
ipofiovfisvot fii) '^vtaXxidag iX9y S%mv xaQa ficcciXiiog 
XQiifiata^ 8td tovd^* ijxoftsvy iv^fM^Qnfjfts mg tpXvaQov^ 
6t. fia6tXsifg (ihv yaQ dijnov iyQcnlfs nd6ag tdg kv rg 
'EXXddt noXstg avtovofiovg slvat' '^fistg Si tavtd ixsC^ 
vp Xiyovtig ts xal nQdttovtsg ti dv q^ofioifts^a fiaair- 
Xia; ^ toino otstai ttg^ d^ ixstvog fiovXstat xQ^l^tta 
dvaXiD6agaXXovgiisydXovg noi/qcat fidXXov ^ avsv da- 
ndvrig a iyvm aQt6ta slvaty tavta savt^ ns%Qax^$ti\ 

VisXsv. t£ (irjv ijxofisv^ ott filv ovv ovx dnoQovvtsg 
yvoirjfcsav^ si (ihv fiovXscd^s ^ iCQog td xatd d^dXattav 
iSovtsgj si dl fiovXs6^Sj TtQog td xatd yijv iv t^ naQ- 
ovtt. ti lifijv icttv; sv&ijXov ott t&v avmtdxonv ttvsg 
ovx dQS6td iCQdttovctv •^gitv ^ vfttv dQS6td. t6aig dh 
xcci fiovXoifis^ dv (Sv svsxa nsQts666ats fiiMtg a 6q- 

14t^cSg iyvmftsv viitv ixtdstiai. tva Sh xal tov 6v[iq>6^ 
Qov ht imftvfi6^<Oy sial (ilv di^itov naamv \t&v aro* 
Xsarv ai fiiv xd VftitSQa ^ al 8\ td ^ftitSQa q>Qovov6at, 
xal iv sxdcty noXst ol (ihv Xaxa}v£iov6tv y ot dh dtttxi^ 
lov6tv. siovvfifi.stg<piXotysvoiiis%'ay no^sv av sixo^ 



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LIB. VI. CAP. UI. 307 

tmg xalsTCov n XQOffdoxijCaiiisviHal yag d^ xata y^v 
[ihv tCg av vfiSv q>CXmf ovtmv CTcavog yivotto ri^dg At>- 
ni}6a^; xatd d^dXattdvya [i^vtCg av vfiag fiXdinicc ti 
^ikmvv(ktvinnr^8sC(ovovtmv;dXXdikivtoi, or^ft^ ^o-15 
UfLOi, asC nots yCyvovtai xal ort TcataXvovtai. xdvtsg 
ixuStdfksd^a, xal oti ^f^^^j?, dv ^ii vvvy dX£ avd^Cg nots 
sl^vrig iniSv(n^6ofisv. tC ovv Sst ixstvov tov XQOvov 
dvafUvsiv^ sa)g av vno nXi^d^ovg xaxmv dmCx(Siyt,sv^ 
liaXXov ij ovx dtg tdxi^ta ngCv ti, dvijxsatov ysviad^ai, 
tfjv sCgijvfiv nociiiSaad^iu; dXXd [i^^v ovd^ ixsCvovg Syoh- 10 
y* inaivA oitcvsg dyarviatccl ysvofisvot xal vsvcxrixo- 
tsg r^dri noXXdxig X€cL doiav ixovtsg ovtm ^iXovixov- 
acv Sats ot; ngStSQOv navovtai^ nglv dv '^tttid^ivtsg 
v^ aaxriaiv xataXvamavvj ovdi ys tc5v xvfisvtcSv 
oltcvsg av idv Sv ti imtvxmat^ «sgl ducXaaCmv xv~ 
fisvovaiv OQiS y&Q xccL tmv tocovtarv tovg nXsCovg 
dnoQovg navtdnaai yi^vofcivovg. a XQV ^«^ W«ffl7 
OQcknag slg §ihv toiovtov dymva firjdinots xataaf^-- 
vaiy &at Tj ndvta Xapstv tj ndvi dnofiaXstv^ img ds xcci 
iQQcifisd^a xal svtvxovfisv, ipCXovg dXXijXocg ysviad^ai. 
ovtm yaQ riyistg t dv di vfidg xal vfistg 8i '^fidg itc 
fisC^ovg ij tov naQsX^ovta XQOvov iv ty *EXXd8i dva- 
atQsg^oCfisd-a. 

/lol^dvtmv 8\ tovtcnv xaXmg slnstv^ i^ipCaavto xal 18 
ot AaxsSacfiovcov Sixsad^ai trfv sIqt^vijv, iip m tovg ts 
aQftoatdg ix tmv noXsmv H^dysiv^ td ts atQat6ns8a 
8ucXvstv xal td vavttxd xaltd ns%d^ tdg ts noXsig 
avtov6fiovg iav. sC 8i tig naQa tccvta noioCriy tov 
uh/ fiovXSfisvov porid-stv tatg d8cxovfiivaig ndXsac, tm 
81 fif^ fiovXofiivm fi'^ slvat IvoQxovavfifiaxstv totg d8i- 
xovfiivotg. inl tovtotg mfioaav jiaxs8aifi6vioc filvl9 
vnlQ avtmv xal tmv avfiftdxcDV y ^Mrivatoi 8\ xal ot 



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208 LIB. VI. CAP. fll. IV. 

6i6($fiajpt Mma nokBig totti^toi. weeyifaiuipi,eviH f iv 
tatg Sfia^fioxvtaignokB^t netl ot^^fiatoty 'MQoeeMowss 
ncHiw t^ i&tBqaitf of nQi&fkig afitaiv inilevov fMra- 
fifdipeiv Avil Bffiatmv Boianohg ofkmfMKitas. ^ tl 
'Ajnj^Xaog antx^tvato ^i p.BtaY^^Bi p^v ovHhv^ 
TO ngStov iSpi^o^dv ts xal anByffdipavto - et f^vtoi •f»^ 
povkoivto ivtatg 6novdatg Bhat^ S^a^XBtpBiviv^i^^ 

20 «; xBlsiioiBv. oCto} (h} si^rifinfiftSv aXXcn nenotfl/i^" 
vcovj n^dg dl-^ficdovg (i6vor;g ivtiXo^tag.oS&iigy -ol 
nhv ^A^vatoi ovtmg ^^jov r^v yvtififjv mg ^iAv •ly- 
fiatovg to tBy6p>Bvov di^ dsxcctBVd^vaL ^kiAg shi^ 
avtol dl ot 0ffPatoi. navtfXSg Ji^^ftmg fjgovt^ 
aTtfjX^ov. 

IV. ^x dl tovtov ot fihv ^Ad^atoi tdg tB y>QOVQ&g ix 
tc5v noXBcov anfjyov xcA ^q>ix(fdtri xcct tag vcevg fwr- 
Bnifinovto , xal ^(Sa v0tBQov IXctfis fiBt& toifg S(fxovq 
tovg iv AaxBdatiiovi yBvo^ivovg^, ndvta rjvdyxa^av 
2 dnodovvav. Aax^aij^Svioi fiivtoL ix fihv t£v ^Xhov 
noXBcov tovg tB aQ(io0t&g xalto^g <pQOVQOvg «^wfyaf- 
yovy KXBifiPQOtov dh i%ovta t6 iv ^cjxsikfi fftQdtBVfia 
xal inBQancSvta td otxoi tiXri tt xq^ noiBtv^IlQO%6ov 
XSiavtog oti avtp Soxotrj diaXvOavtag to &cQdtBV(ia 
xatd tovg oQxovg xal nBQiayystXavtag tatg n6XB6i 
avfipaXiifd^av Btg tov vaov tov An6XXcovog 6n66op 
PovXoixo ixd^tfi n6Xvg^ inBita bI (it] tig i6ri ctirtov6- 
(iovg tdg noXBig dvai, totB ndXiv naQaxaXi6avtag^ 
060L tfj avtovofita PovXoivto Por^^Btv^ ayBvv inX 
tovg ivavtiovfiLivovg' ovtco yaQ av Sfprj otBCttav tovg 
tB d^BO^g BV(iBVB6tdtovg Blvav xal tdg noXBvg fjxv^z* 

9av dxd^B^d^av' ^ 8* ixxXrj^ta dxov6a6a taOta iKBp- 
vov (ilv q>XvaQBtv '^yfj^ato' ^8ij ydQ^ 6g lovxBj zo 
8cu(i6viov fjyBv'^ini6tBiXav 81 tc3 KXB0(iPQ6tp fi^ 



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LIB. VI. CAP. IV. 20» 

iwivHv TO 0tif4tsvn§c, akX svd^s SyBiv inl tovg 9ti^ 
fiaiovg^ d fi^ uv%ov6if,wg &<piouv titg xoUig. [o d\ 
Kls6i^fi(f^tog j imidr^ ixvd^^o v^v sifijvtiv yeyBVfifU* 
t^ ^if^ifiug n^og tovg i^oQovg '^ata ti x^ noulv' 
ot^ iniXsva^v ufbtov &tfmt9vsiv ini toii^ ^ifficdov^j 
4li§/^ i^iocav tag Boicniag ^kstg a^dtevdfiotfg,] ind 
ovvg^^o ovxonmg tag ieokiig d^iimagy iXi oMk 
xo &t(fmsviia dMlvovtag, [&g iptitdttovto »ifig fl^ 
vot^]avr(D d^ ayu tijfy 6tQatwff iig tijfv Boimtav. iu& 
i fAv oS9ri§aloiiii^k8tv a^^ovin tmvOoniwv HQoe^ 
sdoxnv xal iiA &tsvp tw$ hpvXn^ttov ovn iftfiiilXsi' 
ita 0$6ficiv dl OQHv^v nal anQO096Hfitov noQSV^^ilg 
ag>tnvBttai aig Kf8v0iv^ nai tb tstxog atQSt^ nal ripiif - 
ifiig xfov ^iiPaftov itHana ia^fidvsh. ta^^a di «oitj'4 
0agnalavafidg d/not^^dfaXdttfjgf i0t(fatonsds40€ao 
iv jisvmDQo^ f^ 9s0ntn'^ ot 8h ^fiato^ itftfatons- 
dsv0avto inl t^ dnavttxQV K6q>qi ov nokxf diakstnov- 
tsgj ovdivag Ixovtsg 0V(iitdxpvg dkX ^ tovgBotatovg' 
iv^a S^ tfi Kksopfiif6tq» ot [isv q>ikot nQO0i6vtsg iks- 
yov^ ^SlKksofifiQotSj sl dqnj^Sig tovg 9rifiatovg dvsv^ 
^XH^inivdwsv^sig vno ti^gn6ksag td i^xatanad-sPv. 
dvaiivrfl^0ovtai yaQ 0ov ndi ots slg Kwbg xsfpakdg 
d(pix6iisvog ovisv f^g x^Q^^S ^<^ 9vifiatiov id^m^ag^ 
nal ots v0tSQOv 0tQmtsvayv dnsxQovO^g ti^g iptfiok^^gj 
*Ayri0ikdov dsl iftfidkkovtog did tov Ktd^aiQmvog. st- 
nsQ ovv ^ Oavtov xijSsi ^ tijg TimQidog intSviistg^ dxti- 
ov inl tovg SvdQag. ot ^v tpikoi totavta Iksyov ' ot 4' 
ivavtioi^ Nvv tfi/, Sq>a0av^ 8rikm0si 6 av^Q sitm Svtt 
mjdsxcu tmv 0rifiaimVj S0nsQ kiystav. b f*h/ dri Kks^ 6 
if^Qotog taiha dxovmv naQm^vvsto nQog tb ^dxnv 
0wSiVvsw. tmv 9* av ^rifiaimv ot nQosOtmtsg ikoyl^ 
SovtOmg^sip,^ Ij^axotvtOj dno0tri0oivto lihv al nsQiot^ 
Xeooph. Hist. Or. ^^ 

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210 LIB. VI. CAP. IV. 

xidsg ttvtcSv no^sig^ avtol 81 noXiOQxii6oivTo • sl de (iTf 
sioLo dfiptog 6 &fiPa£(ov tamtijdsuc, oti xiv9vvsv6oi 
xal ri noXvg avtotg ivavtCa ysvdad^aL Sts dh xal 3r«- 
q)svy6tsg TCQOiJd^sv tcoXXoI avt(ov iXoyitovto xQstttov 

7 slvai (jLaxofiivovg anod-vijcxsiv rj naXiv q>svysiv, %Qog 
Sh tovtotg naQsd^aQQWS [liv tv avtovg xal 6 XQfjiffwg 
6 Xsyofisvog t&g dioi ivtav^ajdaxsdaifioviovg iJrriyO^ 
vat ivd^a to tmv naQd^ivav riv [iv^iia ^ at Xiyovtav Sva 
to fiia6d^vat VTCO Aaxsdaviioviiov tivcov anoxtstva^ 
savtag. xal ix6iJ(iri6av drj tovto to (iv^fia ot Srifiatot 
nQO trjg (lax^g. anrjyyiXXsto de xal ix f^g noXsmg ccv^ 
totg dg ov ts vsp navtsg avtoiiatov avsoiyovto^ eS ta 
tiQsiML Xiyoisv cog vixrjv oC Q^sol q>aivoisv. ix dl tov 
'HQaxXsiov xal ta o^Aa iq>a6av aq>avr} slvav^ mg tov 
^HQaxXiovg sig trjv iidxrjv i^aQfirjfiivov. oC fikv dfj tir- 
vsg Xiyov0iv mg taika navta tsxvd^fiata ijv tfSv xqo^ 

8 S0trix6ta>v. slg d* ovv r^v f*a%^v totg fihv AaxsdaLfio- 
viovg navta tavavtia iyiyvsto^ totg dh ndvta xai vxo 
trjg tvxrig xatcoQd^ovto. ijv (ihv yaQ (ist aQiAStov tm 
KXsoiifiQ6tm ri tsXsvtaia fiovXrj nsQl tiig [idxrig ' iv dh 
tfj iis<fi](iPQia vxontvovtmv xal tov olvov naQO^vval 

9 tt avtovg iXsyov. insl dh mnXitovto ixdtSQOi xal nQo- 
drjXov iqdri rfv oti fidxi] i^oito^ nQmtov fihv dnvivcu 
dfQfirifiivcav ix rov Bomtiov 0tQatsvfiatog tmv trjv 
ayoQav naQS6xsvax6tcov xal iJxsvoq^OQmv tivmv xal 
tmv ov fiovXofiivmv fidxsfJd^ai^ nsQu6vtsg xvxXcp oZ t& 
fistd tov'IiQmvog fii0^oq>6Qov xaloCtmv Omxicov nsX^ 
ta0tal xal tmv Cnnicov *HQaxXsmxai xdl OXui6iOL inv^ 
^ifisvoi totg dniovaiv ini6tQStl>dv ts avtovg xal xaxs^ 
dim^av nQogto 6tQat6ns8ov ro tmvBotanmv m6ta 
noXv fiiv inoifj0av fistt6v ts xal dd^QOcotSQov ^ nQo^ 

10 0^sv to tmv Botmtmv atQdtsvfia. instta di^ dts xal 



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LIB. VI. CAP. IV. Jll 

• 

mdtou ovtos tov fistaivj x^fovtdiavto iihv tijg iavtAf 
q>aXayyog ot Aaxsda^oviOL tovg hcniag^ avtstaiavto 
i* avt otg xal ot ^patoi tovg tavtiop. ^ di to (ilv 
t(ov GfiPaiiov tnmxov iisfisXsttjxog Sim ts xhv ngog 
^OQXOiasviovg TtoXsfAov xal dM, tov ngog &s6%Uagj totg 
is Aaxsdaifioviotg xat ixstvov tov xQovov ^ oi/i^^oTa- 
tov ^v to tnmxov. itQsq>ov (ihv yaQ tovg Znnovg of 11 
nXov6i€itcctoi' insl Sl q>QovQa q>av^slifi^ tots f^xsv 6 
ewtstayfAivog- Xafitov d' av tov Innov xal onXa onota 
do^siii avtp ix tov naQaxQ^^fia uvietQatsvsto' tmvd* 
av 6tQaxi(ot(Ov ot totg odfia^w adwatcitatot xal 
^xiota ipiXotifioi inl tmv Innayv ifiav. toiovtov iiiv 12 
ovv to tnnixov ixatiQcav ijv. trjg 8h q>aXayyog tovg 
yikv AaxsSatfiovtovg iq>a6av sig tQstg trjv ivG>(iotiav 
aysiv * tovto dh evfipaivstv avtotg ov nXiov ^ sig ddds- 
xa To pdd-og. ot 8h Or^patot ovx IXattov i} inl nsvtr^ 
xovta daniSav ^wsotQafLiiivoi ^oav^ Xoyiioiisvov mg 
sivtxijosucvto nsQl tov paoiXia^ to aXXo ndv svxsi^ 
Q(otov iooito. inal S\ ^(^garo aysiv 6 KXsofifiQotog 1} 
nQog tovg noXsfiiovg^ nQcarov (ihv nQlv xal alod^io^ai 
to ft£T avroi; 6tQdtsv(ia oti, ^yotto^ xal Srj xal ol tn^ 
nslg 6wspsfiX7Jxs0av xal taxv ^tti^i/to ot tc5v Aaxs^ 
Sai(ioviayv ' fpsvyovtsg Si ivsnsntdxsoav totg iavtiov 
onXitatg^ itc Sh ivifiaXXov ot t<dv ©riPaia^v Xoxol oiics^g 
Si 6g ol fihv nsQl xov KXsoiifiQotov to nQtotov ixQd-- 
tovv fg (idxji 6aq>st tovttp tsxiirjQip yvoii^ tig av * ov 
yaQ av iSvvavto avtov avsXiod^ai, xal ic5vta ansvs- 
yxstv , sl (iri ot nQo avtov fLaxofisvot insxQdtow iv 
ixsivp t^ XQOV^- i^il (livtot ani^avs jdsivcav ts 6 14 
noXsiiaQxog xaL £q>oSQiag tcSv nsQl SayLoeiav xal 
KXsdwfAog 6 vtog avtov^ xal otftiv Znnoi xal ot 6V[ir- 
^oQstg Toi; noXsfidQxov xaXovfisvot ol ts aXXot vno 

14* 

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311 IIB. VI. OAf. IV. 

» 

ovts^ %0v Afii^!di»^f9v(m m imm w *« jw« ^^9v^ 
l^ovf hfdnUvav * S$km ^ ^P^i W* f^^emoyv xi4 ^-^ 

piiioy hv%^ oioa av%9tg^S»9vx9 1^ S^^ H(ic%a xm^av 
iv94v iff^^M^p. m f*m<?* ft^ ««i^v ^v iT^miH^ i^Af( 
9^08 4##^ M^AlaV %'' ^o Qz^zonBSov^ ^ dft i:ai;f ov 
^6afv ftiv nv^ wv Jmf9atiJk0vic9v ol a99^^W%nv 
Mikq¥>^Mv nMW^vQ$ w vJtxQomi>m %o(^ff^ XP^m 
a^vf£i4fi(i^t4Yfi(4fOV« noH^(<iv^^ itQVS n m^9V9 (»« 
mociTmfiovsyahla 9m imxqg ^Hfi^^f^hfm^i^ak^ 
ii q[ dh xoUimQx^h ^fivteg ^h^ tm ovym4tmf^ Aant^ 
dm^oylm^. xiS((v^m^e iyyvg %fA(mg% ^aSvx^ d^ ^vr 

^9nf04%ag TtBQl %£tQa»Q0i9V&y aip^av^tf^svok ih w)t;« 
6vi^idx9vg ncfvifag ^h^ a^(ii^9^g h^vtag tkqoq to (nir 
X^^d^ai , ioti dh avfi^ av%0v qv$^ a^^iimwg ttp y^€r 
vmf,iv(py 0vkXiiavtBjg tavg iTU%ai^i^a%ovg ifiovlsv^ 
oa^ft f ^ XQ^ wutv. ind dh nadkv idoxsi v7co6n6vdmi$ 
tovg vaxQotfg avaitQsS0&ah ovtm d«) inm/Jifav xr^Qvxm 
mQl ajc^vSiiv, qt ydvtQir GhiififiiHov nBva tavta xal 
.tQfmficiov if^zrfiamo xajL %QV£ vmQQvg vno^no^dovg 
mi6Q0mv. 
16 rsvQiHiiMm dhtovtmvy 6 lihf efe v^v AaxsSai^ww 
ojf^^iofv To. m^g d^ixvsHnu yvy^vonaiMmv ta ovfftis 
tjjg t^etnc^iag xai tov dvdQixov XQQQV(iv&ov oytog * o/ 
di Sq^QQQii insl ^xoveav t^ nd^og^ ilvnovvto piv^ <Dtf- 
n$Q^ olfifah ivdyxTi - tov iiivtoi x^QOv ovx il^tjyayovy 
a^d dmymvi0a0^a^ £l(ov, xaL td fi.fiii 6v6(iatii nghs 
tovg olxsiovg ixdctov tmvtitvsmtwvdniioi^av \nQo^ 
stnav dh tatg yvvaiSlt /t^ noistv xQavyijVy dXAd ^Hyg 
, YM. nd^og ipsQ^iv, ty d' vatsQalif ^v oQdv, cJt/ /i.k 



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LIB. VI. CAP. IV. ShS 

Md^^dn/ 6t nQ0(fiik6i>ti'gj Xi^isc^ig xccl qxn&^^oi^g iv 
t^(i>^ii^pdvmtghi^dpii>6i)$^ iSvH tSi/teg riyyaXiii- 
tbi ^rtS^, SAtyd^g Si) Mi^^ tdikovg *l &xv^G)n6vs 
ilA ihciihi0o^^ ks^uSvidcg. 

Ifer )ft ioiJfbt; ^i^ov^ ^li/ fy&cvdv ot ^€poQoc tatv i* 
i^X6{kt>ti/ ii6Q)&iv pijtQi ^Wi/ k^ktttcQ&W^^k icip ^j^g- 
i^B^^o^ ^ *al ic'^ ^^ ;f|itb pL&Q&i) pijcQ^ r^g 'ccdti(g 
^Xikiicg- io ^Q ^Qo^v htg ii^^dg mdmg^ijcl^L ^av 
itMi Hccl t^cdk6tVa '&^' ^'^ig i&i^iiteih/io' TccAtovg 
ae &^jidig 61 t6i^ oiceiicXiCip^iinrccg ci7t6Xoi/9stv ixe- 
Xiikji/. 6 fi^ii/ 6ii/ 'J^&iXccog ik ^g &ii^evt{ccg oi/kca 18 
t0%v^' 4 *i "i^Xii 'J0x^da(i6i/ i6v vtov ikiXsvsv av- 
cotJ iiyet(S(tUv. ^(fddvfiiag d* ait^ 6we6tQcctevov' 
%o Teye&far Pti f&Q i^ ot ice^ &&dvk^o^y XaniXh' 
viiovieg hAI oiik ^dj[^i(Ji6i> dwiiiiei>6v iv iy kdXkt. Ip- 
Qf^^ivfAg 9\ kiA 6t Mtti/iivilg ik i&v kSfi(5'v ^i/i/e^ 
€i'Qtaieij6i>i6' &)^i6toitQiito^pLivotj/&^iiio^)[ficvov. ital 
KoQ6i^iJ6t Sh Mi Ztkvoivm ical SXtHdiot kal 'Jtjcatdl 
litdXi)c 7tQ6&vp.^g iJkoXdiJ-flPot/^, ital aXXdt di koXiig i^- 
^ptk6i> Ht^atiAii^. i^Xi^^dW dh M iQti^Qm ^^i(it 
xk bt JtdSk^dctpiili/m M K6^li/^ioi, mX iHibvib ^dl 
2Xii\)ti^i/lt^ HvftkXri^i/y i^' dv dtmov^ino to 6t^^ 
tet)tict itdfitff^etv. Ml 6 frlv 9^ 'jQ%l8ec^6g ^sib 19 
M t^ ihkfiddet. 

tit 9i0fl$atot evd^^ (ilv iietd i^v (ia%riv Meii^ccv 
etg *jiiHivag ayy^Xov idieq)ava)iiivoi/j xal aiia [iev t^g 
vlkiigto ^iye&og iqiQcciov^ alid^d^ fi6i^9'etv ikHevov^ Xi" 
yovtig iatg i/iji> H^stri AakiStcifibvtovg kdi/tiov mv ike- 
^oti^ke^av Hcdt^if^ iiiliAQii&a^d^at. iSv Se*A^vaiiaviS.} 
ij povXi^ kiiy%Uvei/ h dkQokoXet kcc^itivii. ikel 9* 
fik6vtidi> i6 yi^yii/^p^im^^ oii iili/ bfodQa «vta-d^^* 
xSiit 9^Xtii> iyiv^b* ovte yaQ inl i^i/Lcc ioi/ otiqQVTta 



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214 LIB. VL CAP. IV. 

iadXeOavj nsQixa t^^g fiofjd^siag ovdhf ansxqivavxo. nal 
*A^vvi^Bv fth/ ovxag dx^^Msv 6 xijifvi. Tegos ^vtoi 
'Ia6ovaj 0vii(iaxov ovta^ izsfixov 6xovdy ot Otifiatoiy 
xsXsvovtsg fiofjd-stvj ducXoyiiofisvoi ny to iiikXov ano- 

21 fiijaoito. d' sv^g tQi^ifsig ^h/ ixXiJQOVj ag /}oi^^- 
6mv xatd d^dlattav^ 6vlXafi<6v Si to ts isvixovxal 
tovg xsifl aiytov txjciag^xccixsQ dxi^QVxtp noliyi^ tmv 
0a}xiwv xQOiiiivmVj nsfig 8is%oqsv%^ slgf^vBomtiaVy 
iv TColXcOg tfov %6Xsmf iCQOtsQov oq^d^slg ij dyysX^slg 
ou TCOQSvoito. nQlv ovv ^vkliys^&ai ti navtaxo&sv 
itp^avs TCOQQQ yiyvoi^svogy d^Xov tcokSv ort noXXaxov 

22 to tdxog (idXXov t^^g fiiag diaTCQattstcu, td diovta. iicsl 
di dq>ixsto slg triv Bo^otiavy Xsyovtan/ t<Sv ®rifiaimv 
(ogxaiQog stfi izitid^sod^ai totg Aaxsdaifioviocg ^ avGt- 
^sv nAv ixstvov 6vvt^ isvcxp, 6<pdg Sh dvtv7CQ06<si^ 
zovg^ dxitQSTCsv avtovg 6 *Id6c9Vy 8i8d6x(av Ag tcoXov 
iQyov ysysvTifjLivov ovx aiu>v avtotg stij 8ucxtv8wsv^ 
6ai^ S6ts fj icv iisi^co xat anQo^ai ^ 6tSQfq%^ac xccL tijg 

23 ysysvri^vrig vixrig. ovx OQats, i^y oti xaL viistgj ind 
iv dvdyxy iyivs6%Sy ixQanj^ats ; ots^d^ac ovv XQV ^^ 
Aaxs8atnoviovg av , sl dvay7cdiocvto[ixysvi6%at tov 
iiiv],dnovorfi{vtag ^caiidxs^d^ac. xal 6 ^sog 8ij 6g iotr- 
xSy noXXdxcg xcdQSc tovg fihv iicxQOvg ^isydXovg nouovj 

24 tovg 8i ^isydXovg ^cxQOvg. tovg ^v ovv Ovifiaiovg 
tocairta Xiyiov dnitQsns tov 8ucxiv8wsvscv' tovg 8* 
av Aaxs8ac^oviovg i8i8a6xsv olov (ihv strj i^ttTinivov 
6tQdtsv(uCy ohv 8i vsvtXTixog. si 8* iniXa/&i6d'aCf iqni^ 
fiovXs^d^s t6 ysysvriiiivov ndd^og, ^v^kfiovXsvm dva^ 
xvsv6avtag xal dvanav6afiivovg xal (isif^ovg ysysvr^^ 
fbivovg totg drjttijtocg ovtmg slg fucxriv livcu. vvv 8i^ 
ifTjf sv tats otc xal t&v 6vfkiidx(ovv(fXv sl6lv ot SucXi^ 
yovtac nsQl ^cXtag totg noXsyiloig ' dXXd ix nccvtog tQO^ 



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LIB. VI. CAP. IV. 215 

nov nuQdcd^s CTCovdag Xccfietv. tavxa d\ i^^ fya 
XQO^liovjML y 6io6ai vfkdg fiovJLofisvog duc ts tr^v tov 
xatQog q>ikiav nQog vfLag xal dia to TCQoisvaVv vficSv. 
iXsys fiiv ovv toucvta^ iuQoxts i* Caag oa&g dUiqwQOiSli 
xal ov7(H aU,7iXoig ovtsg d(iq>6tSQ0t ixsivov dioivto. 
-il Hkivtoi AaKsdaiikovioi^ dxov6avtsg avtovj TCQdttsiv 
xsqI f(ov cxovdaiv ixiXsvov * insl 8* dai^yyild^ or« 
stiq6av €ct 6wovdaif naQi^yysi^Xav oC noXi^Qxot dsatvf^ 
oavtag cwsoxsvdod^a^ ndvtag^ dg v^g wxtog tcoqsv^ 
6oiiivovgj oxmg a(ia ty vm^iQif iCQogtov Ki^aiQcSva 
ivafiaivoisv. izsl 8* idsiscvrjCav^nQiv xad^svdscv TcaQ-- 
ayysiXavtsg dxoXov^slv^ i^yovvto svd^g dq> iiSxiQag 
t^v d(M KQSv6u}gj t^ Xad^stv xujtsvovtsg iidXXov ^ 
talg CKovSaXg. (idXa dh ^aAfavco^ noQsvoiisvo^^ ola dr^ 2$ 
iv wxti ts xal iv q)6fip dm6vtsg xdl %aXsniiv oSov^ 
sig Aly^Cd^sva tijg MsyaQLx^^g dq>iMvovvtav. ixsl d% 
%SQi,tvy%dvov0i, tai (istd ^AQXcdd^kov 6tQatsviiati. iv^ 
^a 8^ dvafLsivag, sa^ xal ot 6v(ii\ka%oi ndvtsg naQsyi^ 
•vovtOy dn^ys ndvoiiov t6 atQdtsvfka (li^Qi^KoQiv&ov' 
Jxst&sv di tovg (isv 6v(i(Mc%ovg dqy^xSf tovg dh noXi^ 
tag oCxads an^qyaysv. 

'O (jiivtoi, *Ia6c9v dmdv did tijg 0(oxidog 'Taiino^ 27 
JUtiDV iisv ro ts nQod6tscov slXs xai trjv %mQav inoQ- 
4hfis xal dnixtsivs noXXovg- ti}i/ 8* dXXfjv 0caxi8a 
-diilX^sv dnQayii6vciig. dq^ixofisvog 8i sig 'HQdxXstav 
xatifiaXs ro ^HQaxXsanciv tst%og^ SijXov otc ov tovxo 
q^ofiov^isvog^ fiif tcvsg dvansnta^iinig tavtrigtijg naQ^ 
68ov noQSv6oivto inl trjv ixsivov [dvvafiivli^ aXXd 
(imXXov ivd^fi^oviisvog iiij tivsg f^v 'HQdxXsucv inl 
6tsv^ ov6avxataXap6vtsg siQyouv avt6v^sCnov fiov^ 
Jiocto f^g 'EXXd8og noQsvso^au insl 8i dni^Xd^s ndXw 25 
sigtfjv BsttaXiavy ^iyag ^h/ ifv xai 8w to vo^i^ 



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216 LIB* VI« CAP. IV. 

0Btti;iXvv tayog ntcd^B^tdvM xal dut to (MJ^oq^i^ov^ 
noXlovgtififp^ip XBifl avtov xnl arcSbtrg xal ticniag^ xtA 
tovtovg iuxBMovrif$ivovg ng av H(fdt$0toi> dsv * Are 9i 
fiBitmv iud ita to ovfLfidxovg vtoAiovg tovg (ihv ifd^ 
elvai afbt^ , tovg Sh nal Stt fioiili6^t y£yve6^ai. (li- 
ytatog d* tjv tmv xa^ avtov tm [tijd* v(p iv6g i^dxata-- 

29fif6vi^og£lvai,. iniovtaiv di JlvW^v ntcQilyj^Hks fikv 

m t^ noXsei fiovg xal elg xal tdyctg xtd v$ n&^MXBvdlS" 
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LiBi n. CAK rvr. 117 

^Ovto* ff mA i^Xw 4fiv^to Stc t9p)if&t ii^^dt ot 
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^AXiiavSQovto^AgdSsXq^ovgj stitsv Ag sl(i^ rjSij nQa-- 
lotsVf iisysQSt avtov. mg S' slo^Xd^ov^ iitt6itdxfaittt 
tifV (^Qcev st%sto toi? ^omQOVy itbg diti^ct^sv 6 dvijQ. 
1] Sh i%^Qa Xiystai axn^ ^og tov avSQa ysi^od^ai iiti 37 
lUv ttvmv ng iotsl tSijtfS t& iavtoii ytatStxd 6 ^AXi^av-^ 
Sqo^j vsavioxov ovta xaXoi/j Ssrfi^siorig a^bt^g Xikfai 



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218 LIB. VI. CAP. IV. V. 

iiayay&v avrdv ane6q>aisv * oC ditwt$ 6$ htal mOiH 
aitm ov» iyiyvovto ix tavtfigy oti xifLXfov slg ^- 
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ahia tiif imfiov^g v%o ri^g ywmxog ovtm liys^ 
Tfti* t6v di tavt» n^al^avtmv a%(fi ov ods o Xoyog 
iyodfpsto Ti^Upovog XQB^fivtatog eSv tmv adBkqtmf tyv 
dQxiivelxs. 

V. Kai td fih^ 08ttaXiHd, o6a hbqI *Id6ova inQdxdni 
•70*. xol (istd T01/ ixsivov ^dvaxov luixQ^ t^g Ti6ifp6vov 
^QXVSj dsd^qXmiai, * vvv d^ indvs^iiv ivd^sv inl tavta 
iiififqv. insl yaQ *AQxCdaykog ix t^g inl AsvxtQa j^- 
^siag aTCi^yays to ^tQdtsvfidXy ivdviitfiivtsg ol^AQti^ 
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^sVv xdl ovxm diaxioivto otAaxsdai^viov SensQ tovg 
*Ad7ivcUovg diid^s^av, iistaziimovtav tdg noXsig o64U 
fiovkoivto v^g siQ^vfjg iuti%svv ^v fiaevXsvg xaxins^ 

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iniq)i6fia6i totg *Ad7ivai(ov xal twv 6V(ifMix<ov. idv di 
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tsg ixnvQOv tp oQxp - ^HXslov dl dvtiXsyov 6g ov diov 
avtovofLOvg novstv ovts MaQyaviag ovts llkUAow- 
xiovg oiks TQvgwXiovg' 6q>stiQag yaQ slvav tavtag 

3 tdg noKsvg. ol d* ^A^vatov xal ot akXov ^niipv^dfvsvov^ 
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xal ivvxQag xal (vsydXag noXsvg^ iiinsfv^v tovg OQxah- 
tdg^ xal ixHsv6av td fviyv6ta tiXfj iv sxd^vg noXsi 
OQxioeav. xccl £ivo6av ndvtsg nXrifv HXsiayv. 

*Ei <Sv d'^ xal ol Mavtvvstgy mg ^dni avtovofvov 
navtdnaovv ovtsg^ 6vv^X&6v ts ndvtsg xal i^ipi6av^ 



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LIB. VI. CAP. V. 219 

ro fUav Ttohv tr^v Mavtivevav noutv xai tai%tiHv t^v 
%6hv. ol d' av Aaxsdai^vioi, '^yovvto , sl rotnro avsv 4 
x^^geq^stiQagyvmiiiiigiooitOy XaXsTCov itfed^aL nif^ 
«ovctv ovv jijniciXaov ngsopew^v nQog tovg Mcnvt^ 
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ixilevov Xiysiv otov diotto. 6 dh vni6%vBtto avtotgy 
iav vvv ini6%m6v ti^g t6t%i0€mg, novqCBiv S^tsiuta 
T^9 Aaxsdaifiovog yvoififig xal /i^ danavriQag tstx^ 
c^vai to tst%og, insl 8i anaxQivavto oti advvatovS 
itri ini6%BlVy doyfuctog yayBvti^vov nd0ji rg noXai 
ijdri tBv^t^aiv^ ix tovtov 6 [ikv *Ayn6iXaog dn^gai ogyv- 
to^Bvog- CtQatBVBvPya ^ivtot in* adtovg ov dwatov 
idoxBvalvavj in* aitovoyUtf tiig alQijvijg yayav7j(iivfig. 
tolg 8h MavtvvBv6w inaiinov [ihv xal tmv *A(fxa8vxmv 
noXamv tivag 6vvtBi%vovvtagy ot Sh *HXatov xai, a(yyv~ 
f^Cov xqCu tdXavta 6wBfidXovto avtotg alg t^v naQl to 
tst%og 8andvriv. xaL ol ivlv Mavtvvatg nagl tavt ^6av. 

Tiov 81 TsyaatcSv ot [ihv nagl tov KaXXifivov xdl6 
Ilgoiavov iviiyov inl to 6wvivav ta nav to *AQxa8v- 
xovy xal o,rt vvxcSf^ ivtp xovvp^ tovto xvQvovalvav 
xaltfovnoXsGiv' ot 8s nsQl tovZtdevnnov InQattov 
iav ta xatd %(iQav ti^v noXvv xdl totg natQiovg v6fiovg 
XQ^6^av. '^ttdnBvov 8h ot nsQl tov IlQolavov xtd KaX- 7 
Xifivovivtotg^saQOtgy vo^i^avtag^ at6wiMov8 ^^ 
^off, noXv dv T(jo nXrjd^Bv XQaf^^aVj ixq)iQOvtav td 
onXa. l86vtBg 81 toiIto ot nsQl t6v£td6vnnov, xdl ai$- 
tol dv^GnnXioavto , xal aQvd^^p (vkv ovx iXdttovg iyi^ 
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isvov xal aXXovg oXiyovg fist^ avtov dnoxtaivov6if 
toifg d* aXXovg tQatlfdivBvov ovx i8lancov * xal yuQ tov^ 



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SSO LlB.VL CAP. V. 

%imvvvvavx(SvmKtt^l^. otdiH^ir6ifis:StXk^piov&i>ht^ 
mimifiptotig M td itifog Mnti^miSoet m^bgktA ri^ 
xvX;ttii imlovH^tciroigbC^i^l^AHi^^Jl^Cifd^^^ 
Hfaif ti%ov i^o$0pivoi. «aI X^lm fb^ 4itiyt6p(p^(x^ 
ixl tovg Mavtivmg fioi^^^ttf kiXsdiii^^g * ^^ 9i ^^t 
7a(/l Ikdemxov duXiyovtB nspl 6VvuXXdydv, i^\ b^ 
xattd^avsfg ^6w oi MavtivsHg nptfwiv^ig , 6[ p^if ^^^ 
t0v dvaniidavng ixl td tii^ iitiXei^ porj^^ih^ tijv 
ta%{0tT%v^ %A fiotoweg ^siidsiv 6i^i^X^vt&' &XX6t 

9 Sh avoty6v6t tdg nvXag aitotg. ol S% M^ tiv UtdfSiat- 
lio^mg^^ovto to ftyvipwov^ iimtittoviH iieitd tdg 
inl t& IhiAXdvttov ^p^sifihv^ag x^iiXafSf ual ^d^di/oviTi kflv 
xdtaX^q>%^vat viio tm dimuivtei^ ^ t^if "i^^g ^Aqti-- 
fiidogvsiov natatpvfovtsgj M iyjtXi&i^dpi&i/oit ^cvxtaif 
dxov. ot ii fistaduifyivtsg i^d^l itdti§» di/afidvteg 
ixl toV vsmv K&l trjv oi^ip^v disXdvtsg Hceuov tadg ote- 
Qa(iUtVi ot dl iml Sfva^av t^ d^fWffv^ itctiklfd^t 
ts ixiXivov Kttl ^iivat Stp^^av. ot S' ivavttot iA% ^m^ 
%atQtovg IXafiov avtbv^, Stjaavtsg xal dvaXafiSvts^ 
inl v^ dQ(id(Ut)sav dxijyayov slg Tiyiav. ixBt '&h fk^ 
ttov Mavttvicnv natayvovtsg d^ixtstvav. 

10 Tovtoav ii fi^>vO(tivtov S^vyov slg AttxtSttifi^v^ 
tmv Asgl StafftHTtov Tsysatmv nsQl ozrastoiftwi. fiS^ 
ta 91 tavta totg Atcusdiufiovioig idoxu fi&fi^tioi^ sl^ 
vat xatd tovg otfiiovg totg tsdvsmai ti imv TiysiX' 
Tcitr xal innsntmuoei * ital ovtm 0tQcctsvav6i4r inl 
tovg Mavttviixg^ £g natfd ttyug ofxovg Cvv ZnXolg 
iXi^Xvd^otmv avttSv inl toig Tsysdtag. iial pQbVtfdv 
f/Lkv ot itpOQot SqxMvovj *AyiifiiXcLov 8' istiXiviif ^ n6Xtt 

11 '^ysMat. oi fthf oiv aXXot ^At^xddsg sig ^A^iav avi^s^ 
Xiyovto ' ^OQ%p^svimi> Sk ovh id^Xovtmv HOtifmvstv toh 



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LIB. VI. CAP. V. %%X 

didByiiivmv sig tf^v scoXiv %a ^v K&(^iv9.^ ifvv^X^i^i^ 
wv J^ivmov y ov nqXuTQosiog ^fiX^, fft$vov olkp^ ^ 
Muvti>P^t$i^vv»v ixuiuloiLsvoi. ^Qin^fgSh j^idu^fn 
xpBttxm €vvs0%^6vpsno %o!i^Am%&fL^km4^f>9 M xov^ 
Mccv%ivi0cg. 6 4^^ Wf^^ittoosg^ ^:«<2 ^t«£fa ii^vr^ r^b ^^ 13 
fimii^j sidvs ^i^iii^ iscl %§im ^AQmSij^v. is,€A Hatcc- 
Xwfiiln^ xoMv ofkofov ouaav Emmav^ ml svQeatf isfisl 
%o^^ (ikvxgsitfivti^vg.T^ %ag }(tnf€i&{B(g xf^i ^ci^ TfMtr 
dag oiicoCwifg iv fqig olxisagyzau^ ^ iv%(fj ttt^a%m^ 
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Xf^as %^v ngXiVj dXX^ sia %6^v%au$ okc^Vy ml ^foiir 
jMVOtr iXuikfiav^ otHmx &ioiv%o * sii4 %'' xtci ^4^i09^ 
S%s si^si. sig %^ xoXiv^ a^vjgiwv eqciifoot^. xal in^pw^ 
dofui di %6 %st%og ammi &fa i9^%0yiio6nsQt amov Siir 
tQtfisiA avaiiivmv totfgpstuIIoXivtQDfCov indStogfOQm^ 

^Bv 3k rovto ot Moaniv^ fStQmsvovaiv ini %ovg 13 
'OQXoiXfSvlovs. xal iaco fihf %ov %s^ovg f^iXcc %f(is^g 
dn^Xd^ov^ %al asci%av6v %wsg av%mv* iitsl Sk isgoj^ 
Q0vv%sg iv Tjj 'EXv^iUif iysvovrpj uakotiikv ^OQX/^i^^viQi 
onXl%aiovxi%i rixolovd^ow^ ot d\ ns^ %aT>.IJk3Xv%Q0^ 
nov inixsivto xal [idXa ^Qapiiogj iv%a(u^ yv6v%sg ot 
Mav%i,vsig ag sl (i^ anonQov6ov%ai amovg^ o%i noXXoi 
6^Av xa%a%ov%iC%r^0pmav^vnoiS%Qiifav%sg o^66si%fi^ 
Qfl^av %olg invxsi^ivoig. %a\ 6 fuv I2oXv%Qonog (Aaxfi^ 14 
(isiH>g av%ov dno^i^axsi' %&v d' aXXmv ipsvy6v%mv 
ndfinoXXoi av dni^vov , si /t^ ot ^XidtfWi tnnstg na- 
Qaysvofisvoi xal sig %6 onujd^sv nsQuXd0av%sg %aiv 
Mav%ivimv ini0%ov m)%ovg %^g dmismg. xal qC f4t 
Mav%ivstQ %av%a nQd^avtsg otxads dn^^X^ov. 

*0 dh UyriaiXaog dxovOag %av%a , xal vofiiaag ov^ 15 
S^hi6vfm^ai avtm %ovg ix tov *Qqx9¥!^'^ fiMy-d^ 



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222 LIB. VI. CAP. V. 

q>OQovgj ovTGi nQoyst. xal ty ithv nQcit^ iv rg 7V 
yBdtidv xcoga idBmvonovricato , rg tf ' v6tBqahf Sucfiai^ 
vBi slg tijv MavtivvKr^Vj xal i6tQatonBSBv6ato vna 
totg ngog ionigav oqbOv f^ MavtvvBtag * xal ixBl a(ia 
idi^ov tfjv %mQav xal inoQd^Bv tovg dyQovg. tmv Sh ^Aq- 
xdSfQv ot 6vXXByivtBg iv tf} 'A6ia: wxtog naQfjk&ov stg 

16 tfjv Tsyiav. vg S* v6tBQata 6 (ihv ^Ayri^tXaog anixcov 
Mavtvvsiag o6ov Btxo6v 6taStovg i6tQatonBSBv6ato • 
ot S^ ix f^ Tsyiag ^AQxdSBg, ixopLBVOv tmv fierttSv 
MavtvvBtag xal Tsyiag OQmvj naQ^6av fidXa noAXol 
onXZtav^ 6V(nivt^av fiovXofiBvov totg MavtvvBv6v ' xal yoQ 
ot ^AQyBtov ov navSfjfiBl ^^xoXovd^ow avrotg ' xal '^^av 
(liv tvvBg ot rot/ *Ayri6tXaov inBv^ov xmQlg tovtovg inir- 
d^i^d^av 6 Sl q>opov(iBvog fti^ iv o6p nQog ixBtvovg no- 
QBvovto , ix trlg noXsmg ot MavtvvBtg i^BX^ovtBg xara 
xiQag tB xal ix tov onv6%^Bv invni6ouv avtm^ iyv& 
XQdtv6tov Blvav ia6av ^vvBXd^Btv avtovg^ xal bI fiov- 
Xovvto (idxB^d^aVj ix tov Svxatov xal q>avBQov tr^v iid- 
Xfjv novBt6d'av. xal ot fvhv Sr^ ^AQxdSsg 6(iov fjStj iys- 

17 yivrivto. ol S^ ix tov ^Oqxoiibvov nBXta6tal xal ot tmv 
OXva6tmv tnnstg [iBt* avt&v v^g vvxtog Svs^BXd^ovtBg 
naQa tr^v MavttvBvav ^vofiivp tm ^AyrievXdm nQo tov 
6tQatoniSov invq>atvovtav aiia tfj riiiiQff , xal inotrj- 
6av tovg fihv aXXovg Btg tdg td^svg SQafiBtv^ ^Ayrflt- 
Xaov S' inavaxmQij6av nQog td onXa. insl S^ ixBtvov 
[ihv iyv(06d7]6av g>tXov ovtBg, 'Ayri6tXaog Sh ixsxaX- 
XvBQrjto , il dQt6tov nQo^ys to 6tQdtBVfia. B6niQag S* 
invyvyvofiivrig iXd^B 6tQatonBSBv6diiBvog sig zov ont/- 
^d^BV xoXnov f^g Mavtvvvxfjg^ fidXa 6vvByyvg xal xv- 

18 xXm oQfj ixovta. tfj S' v6tBQat(f ccfia tfj rjfi^iQtf id^Bto 
lihv nQo Tot; 6tQatBVfiatog* tSmv Sl ^vXXsyofUvovg ix 
f^g t(dv Mavtvvimv noXBmg inl totg oqb6v totg vnhg 



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LIB. VL CAP. V. 223 

f^g ovQag tov iavtiSv 6tQarav[iatogy iyva iJ^axtiov 
ilvai^ tr^v ta%C6t7iv ix tov xiXnov, si fikv ovv avtog 
a^yotto^ iipopstto (lij ty ovga iicl^oivto otnokiyuoi* 
r^^vxCav Sh i%(xyv xal ta onXa ngog tovg xoXsfiiovg ipai^ 
vmvj avaotQhl>avtag ixiXsvB toifg an ovgag sig Soqv 
oxta^sv tijg q)dXayyog riysta^ai nQog avtov Tcal ov- 
t&g ayM ix ts tov Otsvov il^^ys xal loxvQotsQav asl 
tiyv ipdXayya inoistto. insiSii Sl iSsSinXmto 17 q^d- 19 
Xayi^ ovtag ixovti tai oxXitixm nQosXd^dv sig ro ns^ 
diov il^itsivs xdXtv in^ ivvia ^' Sixa to 6tQdtsv(ia 
aonidav. ol fiivtoi Mavtivstg ovx iti y^^6av' xdi 
yaQ ol ^HXstoi 0v6tQatsv6fisvot avtotg insi^ov ^rj 
nouto&tu fidxfiv^ nQlv ot ®fjPat6i naQayivoivto * sv 
Sh siSivai. iq)a6av oti naQiooivto * xol yaQ Sixa td-- 
Xavta SsSavsta^ai ainovg naQa aq)c5v sig f^v fioijd^sir- 
av. ol (ihv Sii ^AQxdSsg tavta dxovoavtsg f^ovxiav sl- 20 
Xov iv ty Mavtivsitf • 6 *' ^AyrioiXaog xal gidXa fiovXo- 
fisvog dndystv to 6tQdtsv(ia^ xal yccQ 7]v (ii6og x^t^ftciv^ 
ofktog ixstxati(istvs tQstg rni^sQag^ ov noXv dnixfxrv ti^g 
tmv MavtLviav noXsagy osrog/x^ ^oxo^i; q)opovfisvog 
6nsvSstv tr^v aipoSov. ty Sl tstdQtfj nQ^ dQiOtonoir- 
ri^dfLSvog dnijysv ag 6tQatonsSsv66(jtsvog iv&ansQ to 
nQfStov ano f^g Evtaiag H^dQfiriro. insl Sh ovSslg 21 
iipatvsto tmv ^AQxdStov^ f^ys tr^v taxi^tr^v sig tr^v Ev- 
tauLv^ xainsQ fidXa o^^^ot/, povX6(jtsvog dnayaystv. 
toifg onXltag nQlv xal ta nvQa t<Sv noXsi/Umv iSstv^ Iva 
fiij tLg shcoi mg q)svyc9v dnaydyot. ix yaQ tijg nQ^od^sv 
ddvfiiag iS6xst ti dvsiXnjq^ivat tr^v noXiv^ ott xaL ivsfis- 
fiXiixst sig tijv^AQxaSiav xal Sr^ovvti tijv xcoQav ovSslg 
^^sXi^xsi (idxBOd^cu. insl S* iv fj Aaxcavtxy iyivstOy 
tovg lihv ZnaQtidxag dniXvOsv otxaSs^ tovg Ss nsQioir' 
xovg dgy^xsv inl tdg iavtcSv noXsvg. 



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224 LIB. VI. OAP. V. 

22 Ot dl Uifxdisg, i^ o '4m^^^9 aM2i{Ase^n ^ 

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9ui ix^tovta diviQnc, 

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AoxQol c^(i(pdtsQot xttl ^AxccQvdvBg tc^A ^HQO^hswm 
xalM^lUtg' ^xolon^^v 6' avtoJb xai iicQ.sttaM^ 
txnstg ts xal nsXta6tai. xavta iri Owiii^vok mA 
tr^v iv Aaxsii^ifiopt iQ^^Cav kiyovtsg Ixitwofv pL^ict 
jtdig dnotQim0^cn , nQlv ipbfiaXstv sig v^v tm^ Amsr- 

24 iac(iovimv %mQav. ol il iSh^atoi ^xovov (tkv tavta^ 
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totg svXQoeodanatotg. xal yd^ 4*^ 'IiS%6kaog f»iu ivOlp 
t^g Z^tQittiog, ixayv vsoiafmistg ts g>QOVQoig K9A 
tmv Tsysatcov qyvydicov to:ig vsmdtovg «^ %9t,Qfi^ 
xooCovg ' iji/ il xal in\ AsvxtQp vnhQ r^ Malscmiog 



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LIB. VL CAF. V. 225 

«Af 17 ^QiWQd. iloyiiovto dl xal xoiko o[ Si^fiatoi y mg 
xcd owbMov^ov av tu%img rriv tSv Aaxidaifiovta^v 
dvvaiuv xal iMi%e6&ai av avtovg o^udafiov Sfui^vov ij 
ivt^giavtmv. adri navta XoytiofjtBvoi^ oi niw fCQO" 
^ststg '^aav $is to Uvat^ slg vqv AaxBdaifiova. itfal25 
fkivtoi ^xov ix tB KaQV&v XiyovtBg f^v iQtnUav xal 
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ii ttvBg xaL tAv itBQioixmf imxakoiiftBvot xal q>a6xov- 
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xata Ol6v f^g SxtQittdog. xal Bifihv ixl ta dvopata26 
UQOBXd^mv *I(J%6Xaog vipiotato^ ovdiva av tavtfjy'^ 
iipaoav avafi^^vat' vvv dh PovXofiBvog totg Oldtatg 
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6av xafinXrid^Btg ^AQxddBg. ivtavd^a diq dvttnQo^anot 
p^v fka%6fiBvot ot xbqI tov *l6%6Xaov ixBXQdtow ' ind 
dh xai ontOd^Bv Tcal ix nXaylov xod ano.tiSv olxtmv dva- 
fiatvovtBg inatov xal ifiaXXov avtovgj ivtavd^a t$ 
*IO%6Xaog dnod^vijoxBt xal ot aXXot ndvtBg^ bI fiij ttg dfjt" 
ftyvofid^Blg dtiqyvyB. dtanQa^diiBvot dh tavta ot IdQxd-- 27 
dsg inoQBVOvto nQog tovg@rifiaiovg inl tdgKaQvag. ol 
dh Brifiatot insl yod^ovto td nsnQay^iva vno tSv ^Aq- 
xaimv^ noXv d^ ^'QaovtBQOv xatifiatvov. xat tr^v (ihv 
ZBXXa0iav Bv^vg ixaov xal inoQd^ow insldhiv tp 
nsdi^ iyivovto iv tp tBftivBt tov *An6XX(ovogj ivtav&a 
iotQatonsdsvoavto' tfj d^ votsQaic^ inoQSvovto. xal 
dtd (ikv f^g ysipvQug ovd' inB%B{QOW dtafiaivBtv inl 
tipf noXtv xal ydQ iv tp f^g ^AXiag tsQ^ i^aivovto 
Xenopli. Hist. Gr. 15 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



226 LIB. VI. CAP. V. 

havtlot €ft oxXPeccf it^ SbJ^i^ d^ Ixovrsg tov EifQcStap^ 
ntteQ^dM kdovt$s nal xo0^oih/ttig noXkdSv nA^n^iSv 

28 fi^^? ^i^ttcq. t&v 6' iic ti^s aoXeoig tct fi^v yimtnsg 
oHh t6if Hunv^i^ &0\5(fm ^i/^^ot/to, &t€ od6imm UM)'' 
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i(}^^atitv totg ElXmiv ^ ittig fiovXoito SnXa Xaiipi-- 
v^ ittil it§ ti^tv ti^m^aij fSc itm& XafifidvBiv eog 

29iX^^Q0Vg i60ftivoVg Saot &l}^7coXB(i'^OBiaif. kal ro 
f$h nfktov Sftxtntv aitOf^^0^cit icXiov ^ H^^t^ 
XUy0gj SatB tp6pov cti oitot nbc^Bt%6v ovviBtofyLivot 
nai Xtav idoxovv itoXXtA dvcct' insi (iivtot i(jtivov ^ 
o[ Si ^OQxofjtBvoi) tAt(f^d^6ftotj ifioi^Tfiav dh tOig Aa^ 
HBdatiiovtmg OXtdetot tB xal Kotftlf d^lot xal 'EietStcv flot 
xal IlBXXijvBtg xal aXXat di tWBg ttSv mXsmv , ^di} xal 

30 tovg dxoyByifamitivo^tfg f^ttov Appcodomf. ag #i n^otov 
ro etgdtiviia ifiVBto Xtct ^Afti&xXag^ tavty Stifiatvov 
tov BbQckc^. ka\ ot fikv @7ifiat6ty onov etQatonBSsii^ 
oi/inoj Bv9v^ Ja^ixOittoi) SivSg&v xatipaXXtfV itg6 tcSv 
td^Bciiv iig iS^^tWvto itXBtffta , xal ovtcag iipvXdttovto • 
bt Sh ^AQkdSBg toikofv ts oiS\v imtovv , 9laTaXtx6vtsg 
Si td ^TtXa ilg d^n^^^v ixl tdg otxiag hQinovto. ht 
tcvtov S^ f^ptf tQttfi fj tstdgtjj x^o^Xd^&i^ 6t txttstg 
Blg toP fnit6SjsfOfiov BigFata^xov xatd tdJ^stg^ (ffts 9i)- 
fitttot itdiHBg ^ ot 'HXBtot xal odot ^enximv ^ 9£t- 

Sl taXiSv ij AoxQxSv tnititg nof^eav. ot Sh t6Sv AccxBSm» 
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VBCsniQC9v 060V t^ax06ta)v iv t^ tdSv TkfvSttQtS^p^ 
afta ovtbt f^ i^i^soVy ot S^ tnxBtg ^Xavvov * ot ^ ito^ 
Xifttot oiht iS^avtOy dXX* ivixXtvav. lS6l^Bg S^taihct 



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LIB. VI CAl. V. 227 

tot oZ XB ^eikotnMig ixawfatfto %al to t<dv @ijfiai(Xfv 
&eQatev(M J^^M, miX$v ^^ xat€0t^atoju86V(Hcvto. 
«ttl to n^v ^ xifog triv mXiv aQotffiaXsiv av Iti^av^ 32 
tovg fj9>fi ti iMKBv ^a^^X6i6t€(f0v slvai * ixst&sv fiiv- 
tot AnS^fctv VD 6tQatsvfika i%oQSvs%o tifv hp "Ekog 
mL r6^nov. ^al tag fgh/ atSi%f6tovg tmv noXsm/ ivs- 
xifitcQatfav^ rv^^sbp diy Sv&a ta vssigw. totg Aazsdair- 
fMv/oig i^, nal Mifo^ifiaXXov tffsig ^fkiQccg. ^iUcv 8i 
tivsg tcSiv XBQtolMv oF %mL ini^svto ual 0ws0t(fatsv- 
ovto toHg fista ^fiatmv. 

^Axovovtsg Sh tavta ot ^A^vatot iv ipQovtidiSS 

^0av Oyti %Qri notstvTCSQlAoicsdcufiovicsv, xcdyxxAi^- 

6{av inoitfiav nata doyfia fiovXi^g. Sxvxov Sh naQov- 

tsg nQfiafisig AoHsdaiiiovicov ts nal t&v Iti VTtoXotitciv 

6vppMxcov Ofvtotg. o^sv d^ oC Aaxs8aviMViOL*yiQaxog 

xafSiacvXXog xal Oa^ag xal 'Erv/xoxA^g xal 'OXov&svg 

0%s86v xavtsg noQanXri^iM iXsyov. dvsfiiinvfiaxov ts 

yaQ twg ^A^rpmiovg dg dsinots dXXi^Xoig iv totg yLS- 

yictoig xcuQotg naQiiStavto in' dyad^p' avtoi ts yccQ 

^pa0av tovg tvQawovg 0wsnfiaXstv 'A^^jvti&sVj xal 

^A^ifvaiovg, ots avtol inoXiOQxowto vno Ms66i}vici)Vy 

nQO^vfwg poffi^Pv. iXsyov 8h xal o<f ' dya^d strj , ots 34 

xotvy diiL^otsQOi inQattov^ vnoiHiivil6iu>vtsg fukv <ag 

tov fiaQfiaQov xotvg dnsiuc%i6avto y dvafufkvrfixovtsg 

9k iig ^AdJfvatoi t$ wt6 t<5v 'EXXr^va^v riQi^6av riys- 

l$6vsg tov vavtiMOV wd tmv xoivmv %QrniLatcOiV ipvXa-' 

nsg^ tciv Aaxs8amLovi(ov tavta ovit^fiovXoinivcov^ avtoi 

t9 xatd y^v ofioXoyoviiivc^g vip' dnavtc^v tiov^EXXf]^ 

viov ^ysiMOvsg nQ0XQi^siri6av ^ ^vii^ovXoiiivcav av 

w&ta %mv 'A^Tfvaicnf. slg 8h avtiSv xal io8i nc9g £2-35 

nsv. ^Bctv dl "iikstg xal ^iistgj m av8Qsg^ ofioi/oif^TG)- 

16* 



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228 HB. VI. CAP. V. 

fiBVj vvv iXnlq x6 ndXai XsyofASvov dexcctetd^vat^ 9i}<^ 
fiaiovs. ol iiBvtot ^Ad^vatoi ov xdw idiliavtOy aXXa 
^'Qovg tig toiovtog di^^ld^Bv ag vvv tavta Xiyouvy ote 
dh Bv ixQattovy ixixBivto fnitv, (liyiAftov Shjcmv Xb- 
X&ivtmv Tcaga AaxBda^iioviGtv idoxBi bIvcu ort iivixa 
xatBMXiiiij0av avtovg^ 0ri(iaCmf fiovXoikivmv ava-- 
ctdtovg noiri0ai tdg ^A^i^vag^ CfpBtg ifixoSciv yivoiv- 

36 to, Sk nXBtatog '^v Xoyog ag xatd tovg ogxovg /Joi}- 
^Btv dioL' ovyaQ ddixfjcdvttov 6q)m/ imotQatBVOUv 
ot 'AQxddBg xal ot [iBt* avtwv totg AaxBda^yLOvioigj dX- 
Xd fiofidTiadvtav totg TByBatatg^ oti ol MavttvBt^ 
nagd tovg OQxovg ixBatgdtBvaav avtotg, dUd^Bi ovv 
xal xatd tovtovg tovg Xoyovg d^OQvfiog iv ty ixxXtj" 
0Ltf * ot fihv ydQ dMaCmg tovg Mavttviag i^aoav fiori- 
drj0at totg tcbqI JIqo^bvov dxod^avov^tv v%6 t<Sv stBQl 
tov Utd^tnscovy ot ShddixBtVj oti onXa imjvByjtav 
TsyBdtaig. 

57 Tovtiov Ss StoQiiofiiviov vtc avtffg t^g ixxXfi^Cag, 
dvi0tfi KXBvtiXfigKoQCv^iog octd bIjcb tdSB. 'AXXd tav- 
ta^iv, ciiSvSQBg^Adfivatoiy t0mg dvtiXiyBtac^ tCvBg 
^aav ot aQ^vtBg dStxBtv * ^iimv Si^ ixBl BlQipni iyivB- 
ro , SxBi rt^ xatf^OQfl^at ^ mg inl xoXcv tivd iatQatBV- 
0a(iBv ^ mg XQfjfiatd tLVCDv iXdfioiiBv ^ dfg y^v dXXo- 
tQCav iSfici0aiiBvi dXX' ofimg ol 0fipaloL Blg tf^v xpQav 
^(ic5v iX&ovtBg xal SivSQa ixxBXO^a^c xal olxCag xa-- 
taxBxavxa0i xal xQ^l^^ta xal XQofiata SifiQxdxa0t^ 
tjcmg ovvy idv fii} fiofidTJtB oikm XBQcq)avc5g ^^tv dSir- 
xov(iivoi,gj ov TCaQd tovg OQxovg noifj^BtB^ xcci tavta 
ayv avtol ijCBfisXi^dTits OQxmv oxmg xd0iv Vfitv xdvtsg 
^fistg ofLOOaiiisv ; ivtavd^a (livtOL ot 'Adfivaloi iTCs^o- 
Qv^0av mg oQd^mg ts xal SCxauc sCQVjixotog tov KXsir^ 

'dStiXovg. iicl Si tovt^ dvi0tfi IlQOxXfjg 0Xid0iog xal 



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LIB. VI. CAP. V. 229 

dxsv ''(hi.(iLivj d&vdQBg^Ad^i^vatoty ^l ixTCoSmv yi- 
voivto jdaxedttLiiovioty ixl ^dtovg at^ v^ag ct^atsv- 
4fHavol0riPatoi^y 3cd6iv olfiai toiko S^Xov slvai' tc5v 
yaQ aXXtov [lovovg av vfiag otovtai ifixoSav yivi^^ai 
tov ap|at aitovg tiSv 'EXXijvayv. tl d' ovtag ixst , iyd 39 
fihv ovShv [idUov AaxsSaifLOvioig av viiag '^oviiai 
0tQatBijoavtag fioijd^ijccu, ^ xal v[ilv avtotg. to yccQ 
Sv6(isv€tg ovtag vfitv Srifiaiovg xal oiwQovg olxovvtag 
iiysfMvagyBvic^ait&v^EkkrivayunoXv olfiac %aXBit&- 
tSQOv av v(Uv tpav^vai ij omts noQQm tovg avtiTca'- 
Xovg Bt%stB. av(ig>OQ(6tSQ6v ys yLSvtS/v vfLtv avtotg 
fio7idiJ0avts iv aiti sMv ot 0V(i(iaxotsv av ^ sl ajtoXo' 
(liviov avtmv (lovov avayxdioiC^s Sia(uixs6&aL XQog 
tovg 0ri§aCovg. sl Si tvvsg q>ofiovvtai(jt^ iav vvv ava- 40 
wvymctv oi AaxsSai(t,6viob^ h:i noth 7CQdy(iata xaQi- 
X(06cv v(itVy ivd^(i,ij^r]^s otc ovx ovg av sv dXX* ovg dv 
xaxmg tcg 7Coi/g q)Opst(J&(u Sst^iij nots (Liya Svva0^(3' 
^tv. ivdv^ist^d^ai, Sl x(d tdSs xqij , ott xt&0^ai (liv tv 
dya^ov xal IStcitatg xal 7c6Xs0t 7CQO0ijxBt , otav iQQOh- 
(uvi0tatot (O0tv^ tva ixoi0tv^ idv Tcot dSvvatot yi- 
v(ovtaty iniaiovQiav t(Sv 7CQOXS7Covri(iiv(ov. v(itv Sh 41 
vvv ix d^s(ov ttvog xatQog TcaQaysyivrjfcat^ idv Sso^ii- 
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sig tov dnavtd %pot/oi/ (piXovg d7CQotpa0i0tovg. xai 
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hv Tcad^stv v(p* v(i£v' dXX* st0ovtat (tkv taika ^'sol ol 
Tcdvta OQ&vtsg xal vvv xal slg dsiy 0vvs7ciatavtat Sh 
xd yiyv6(isva otts0v(i(MCxotxatot 7CoXi(ttoty TCQog Sh 
tovtotg x(d aTcavtsg ^EXXr^vig ts xal pdQpaQot* ovSsvl 
yaQ tovt(ov dftsXig. S0ts sl xaxol (pavsirj^av tcbqI^ 
va&gy tig dv Tcots ht 7CQ6d^(iog slg avrovg yivotto; 
iXTCif^stv Sh XfivlPS]dvSQCcg dya^ovg (idXXov ^ xaxovg 



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290 LIB. VL CAf. Y. 

aito^Y^^^^^' ^^^«^'^«v^ft^l^» ^ ovtoiio- 
xadoi 9uetBt€l^V€u ixmivov phv OQBfOf^epoi^ abt%piw 

43^ i(fYm cauipiuvo&. XQog ^ rovtot^ iv^hfpLij^fjts 
xaitidB. €tnotBMdJUvlX^&vg'BXXidtx{v9v¥og9xd 
fixQfiafoVj ttai^v Sv fLSXkov matsi^euxB ^ Aane9€U{io- 
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ad^y mv ys xccl ottax^ivtBg iv SBQpomlaig SmavtBg 
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q>(fi64^c» tov pdgfiaQov t§^iSXla8t^ xiSg ovv oi 8{- 
xaiQv mv tB BVBxa iyivovto av8Q8g aya^ol (i^* vpAv 
xclL Sv iXxXg xid av^ig yBvied^cci ndoav nQO^hffUav Btg 

^iavtovg xal vfLag xal fifL&g xaQi%B6^cu\ S^tov tlh xcA 
tdv naQovtiov 6viiLfiM%ov amotg hBxanQotvfUav iv^ 
SBtfycc^ai, B^ y&Q t6tB Sti oXxBQ rauroi^ %uitol 8ta^ 
(iii/ov6tv iv tcttg 6vpLipoQatgy aStot xci vfU^ fddjy^ 
voivt^ Sv fiij im8t86vtBg %aQttag. sl 8lk (uxQoi 8ox6V- 
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vTjftaty oixitt fLtxQal n6XBtg i66(tBda at fknfiofv6ai 

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axovayv iii^Xow tijv8B t^v xoXtv 8tt nivtag itc^ tovg 
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tovg q>tXovg avtcSv nQog ifLag tB ^xovtag xci ^BOfti^ 

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vcDvxaXov Xiystaty ZtB toi^^^AQyBtcnf tBXBVti^oavtag 
inlt^ Ka8fLsta ovx Bta6af /twpovgysvio^^at' vfLtv 8h 



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LIB. VI. CAP* V. 2S1 

9fQlv KiiMtOP Sv yivono , d toig Stl iSvtccg Aaxsdcur- 
IfAvtmi fii^ vfi^cd^vaii fiijxs ajfqXioQ^ai ia^awB. xa-' 47 
lov yM Mv xan$lvov ovtog^ ots ^xovtus tr^v Evqv^ 
^ims vpQiV du^niaats tovg'HQa^Xiov$ zatSag^ nms 
^m iK$(vQV tiSffi xdlXiov^ bI ft^ (novov tovg c^XW^^Sj 
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^ixf/mi ^«WfQV^nym avtotg. omts ^ »«l ijf»«fe dyaX^ 48 
Xq^s^^ ot ^wwypQSVQVtsg fioiiiS^^aai dvdQdaiv aya- 
9tQt4^ ^ov vfUv ys totg iQycsi SwafLivoug fiofid^0cu 
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v^ ^pi0iHg t^g 'EXXdiog^ S^i &viQs^ dyatol wtjkQ fm- 
t^g iyivQvtQ. 

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ds Srifiatoi xat ot aKkoi ta [ikv xal dia tovto amivau 
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%tg xotg ittvtmv avftiidxoig , ^A^a^t ts xal 'AQysio^g 
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oiisvi Xdyp not^^ivovg^ tovg dh TQttpvUovg xai 
toi^ aXXovg tovg Anb Ofpmv anootdvtag nsQl navtbg 
notoviiiviH)gy Stt*ApHAdsg hpaaav slvtcti^ ixtovmv ai 
xai ofHkstoi dv6fLSV&g sljpv npbg avtovg. 

Oikm (f ixdetmvfLiya itp* hkvtbtg 9P^^vovvt99v21 
tdSv tPvftfuixsnf^ IpXSttit 0tXioxog 'Afivdtivbg naqi* 
^AptofiaQidvovg xpiiftHtta ixcav noXXd. xal npata fthv 
sig AsXq>ovg OWifyays nspi sipiivfigSfifiaiovg xeA tOvg 
6Vftttdxovg xal tvdgAaxsdaiftovtovg. ixst 61 iJi^vtsg 
t^ ji«k^ ^sA o^dhv ivsxoiveieavto onmg av ^ slp^ yf 



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240 LIB. yn. CAP. I. 

voito, avtol dh ipovlivovto. 6r«l dh ov 6vyB%mQOW 
o[ G^fialoi. Ms60iivfiv vno JccKsdaiiiovioig slvavy Ibvi^ 
xov JCoXv 6wilsysv 6 9Ul0xog, oiemg nolBfLolri fksta 
Aaxedaigiovimv. 

28 Tovtayi/ di XQattoiiiv&v atpvxvsttat xal ly naga 
w\Jiovv6tov dsvtiQa poi^d^sw. ksyovtmv Sh 'A%^vaC&v 

dikv wg xQsAv stn avtovg * slg ®sttaXtav tavavtta 
&fiPaioig, Aaxsdahnovlmf i\ mg slg trpf Aaxmv^xfrfVj 
tavta iv totg &vikfid%oig ivixijasv. insl 6i nsQtinlsv^ 
6av ot naga Jvovvaiov slg AaxsdalnLOva^ XupAv av- 
tovg *A(f%l8afLog fASta tmv noXvttxAv i6tQatsvsto. 
xalKccifvag giivalQStxata XQatogj xal o6ovg t^ivtag 
HapsVf&ni^ipaisv' ixst&sv ** svdvg 6tQat6v6a(uvog 
slg JlaQQa^tovg tijg ^AQxadtag ^st avtmv id^ov fqv 
%mQav. insl tf ' ipori%^6av ot ^AQxddsg xal ot 'AQysPo&j 
inava%mQij6ag i6tQatons8sv6ato iv totg vnkQ Mffiiag 
yriXofpoig. ivtav^ 8* ovtog avtov Ki66t8ag o aQ%mv 
t^g fCaQa /liow6tov pori&^stag iksysv oti^ iirixoi, avtm 
6 %Q6vog og slQrmivog ^v naQafUvsiv. xal af/ia tavt 

29 iksys xal AniQSi trjv inl ZnaQtrjg. insl 8h dnonoQSvo- 
(tsvov vnstinvovto avtov ot Ms66iivminl 6tsvf^vtrig 
68ov^ivtav^a 8ri insfknsvinl t6v^AQxt8afiov xal po^ 
^stv hciksvs • xaxstvog fiivtoi ipo^^si. mg 8* iyivovto 
iv rg in' BvtQri6tovg ixtQon^^ ot iilv 'AQxd8sg xal oi 
'AQystov nQo6ip€uvov slg t^vAdxaivaVy xdt ovtoi mg 
dnoxkst6ovtsg avtovtrjgin* olxov 68ov. 6 8ij ovniQ 
iott xmQtov intns8ov iv tatg ^vfipokatg trjg ts in Ev^ 
tQri6tmv xai t^g inlMrfiiag 68ovf ivtav^a ixpdg noQ- 

iQstd%ato mg iiaxov(isvog. ifpa6av 8* avxov xal nQO 
tmv k6%mvnaQi4vtatoi48s naQaxsksv6a6d'ac.^Av8Qsg 
nokttav^ vvv dya^ol ysvofisvov livapkiipmfisv Sod^otg 
o(x>iia6cv' dno8m(ASv totg iniyiyvo(iivoigt^vnatQt8a 



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LIB. m CAP. L 241 

ovcfvyteg TtaQU tiSv7cat8Q(ov7tttQsldfio(isv * 7Cav6w(is^€c 
al0%vv6iii,svoi Koi natdas xal yvvatxag xal nQscfivtd' 
Qovg xal IfVovg, iv olg tcqoO^^sv ys ndvtcnv tmv^EXXr^- 
vcDv nsQL^XsJttotatOL '^(isv. tovtcov dh ^rj^dvtcDv i^ 31 
al^Qlag detQandg ts zal ^Qovtdg kiyov6iv al6Covg axh- 
tm q^avijvav' 6vvipri 8h xal TtQog tm dsiim xiQatvti- 
(isvog tv xal &yaXfia *HQaxXiovg [ov d^ xal dnoyovog 
liystai] slvcu. toi^Qovv ix tovtov Jtdvtcov oikco no^ 
Xi) (livog xal ^dQQog totg 6tQaticotaig tpa6lv i^7ts6stv 
&6t^ iQyov slvai totg iiysii66vv dvsCQysvv tovg ^tQa- 
tmtag (od^ovfiivovg slg to jtQo^d^sv. insl ^vtot ^ystto 
6 ^jiQxfdafiog ^ oXlyoi ^hvt(ov TtoXsfiicav dsid(isvoi slg 
doQv avtovg aTtid-avov ' ot S* alkoi tpsvyovtsg inir- 
ntovj noXlol fihv vno titnicnv^ noXlol 8% vno ttSv KsX- 
t(dv. dg dh l7ild6fig f^g (idxtig tQonacov i^fq^ato^ «v-82 
d^vg insfk^sv otxaSs ayysXovvta ^rjitotiXTi tov xi^qv- 
%a v^g ts vixfig to ^ifs^og xal oti AaxsSavfiovlcov 
fi^ ovdh slg tsd^vahi , rcoi/ dl noXsntcov na^nXi]d^stg, 
tovg fuvtoi iv ZndQtri ig>a6av axov6avtag aQiafii- 
vovg dno ^Ayi^iXdov xal t&v ysQovtayv xal t(ov i(p6- 
QC9V ndvtag xXdsi^v * ovtco xolv6v ti aQa %aQa xal Xv- 
nji ddxQvd i6tiv, inl iiivtOL rjj t(ov ^AQxddcav tv%;i^ 
ov noXv tL ^ttov AaxsSamovlofv ^6difi6av ®rifiatol 
ts xcH ^HXstov • ovtmg ^Sfj '^x^ovto inl t^ (pQOVT^natc 
avtmv, 

Evvs%cSg Sl povXsv6iJi.svoi 0fifiatoi oncog dvtiivSS 
riys{Mvlav Xdfiovsv f^g 'EXXdSog, iv6fiv6avj sl ni^ilfsiav 
nQog tov nsQ6mv fia^iXia, nXsovsxti^^ai av ti iv ixsi- 
vcsi, xal ix tovtov naQaxaXi6avtsg '^Sfi tovg 6v(iiid- 
Xovg inl nQ0(pd6si oti xal Ev&vxXijg 6 AaxsSaLfi6vvog 
stfi noQa fia^vXstj dvapaivov6v ©r^aimv (ihv IlsXoni^ 
Sagj *AQxdSayv SVAvtio^og o nayxQatva6trig^ 'HXsimv 
Xenoph. Hist. Gr. 16 



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242 LIB. VII. CAP. I. 

dy^QXida(iog' ^xoKovd^ei dlxaVjiQyetog. HaloVA^vf' 
vatoi a7cov6avtBg tavta aviiesiiilfav TliiayoQav ts xal 

34 Movta, insl dl ixst iyivovto^ noXv inksovixtaif 6 77«- 
Xonldag naQa t^ IliQiSij, slxs yaQ Xiysiv xalotv (lovoi 
t(Sv ^EAKrjvcDv fiaifiXst 6ws(iaxovto iv IlXataiMtg^ xa\ 
oti v6tSQ0v ovdsnmnots (ftQatsv0aivto inl Pa6iXia^ 
xal tog AaxsdaifwviOL dva tovto nolsiiij6siav avtotg^ 
oti ovx id^slijcscav (ist* *Ayri(5tXaov iXd^stv in avtov 
ovd% dv0ai ia6siav avtov iv AvXidi ffi^AQtiimdij 
iv^ansQ 6 'Ayafiifivcov ot slg tfjv *Aifiav i^inXsi -Ov- 

35 0ag stXs TQolav. (iiya 8h 0wspaXXsto tp IlsXonida 
slg to ti(La6^ai xal oti ivsvixfqxs6av ol Oijfiatoi (naxv 
iv AsvxtQOig xal ott nsnoQd^rjXOtsg trfv %(opcKi/ tmv Aa 
xsdai(iovi(ov iq>aCvovto, IXsys dl 6 IlsXonidag oti ol 
*AQystov xal ot ^AQxadsg (mxv fj^ttripkivov slsv vno Aa- 
xs8ai(kovitov^ insl avtolovnaQsyivovto. 6ws(iaQtvQsi 
d* avta tavta ndvta (Dg dXi^d^ Xiyoi, 6- ^Ad^vatog 
Tv^iayoQagj xal iti(iato dsvtSQog (istd tovJlsXonidav. 

36 ix di tovtov iQ(ot<6(isvog vno fia0iXi(og 6 IlsXonidag tl 
fiovXoLto iavtto yQa(p^vai slnsv oti Ms00ifiniv ts av- 
t6vo(iov slvav dno Aaxsdai(ioviei)v xal *A^vaiovg 
dviXxsiV tdg vavg • sl Sh tavta (ji/ij nsid^otvto^ 6tQatsv- 
SLv in* avtovg- st tig Si n6Xi^ ji*^ i^iXoi dxoXovd^stVj 

37 inl tavtfjv nQ(Stov livai. yQa(pivt(ov 81 tovt(ov xal 
dvayvca^d^ivtGiv totg nQi0fis0iVy slnsv 6 Ai(ov dxov- 
ovtog paavXicog^ iVi) ^ia^ (o 'Adfjvatot^ &Qa ys v(itVy dg 
ioixsv^ aXXov tivd (piXov dvtl fia^iXimg irjtstv. insl 8h 
dnriyysiXsv 6 yQa(i(iatsvg a slnsv 6 ^Ad^vatog^ ndXvv 
iJ^^vsyxs nQ06ysyQa(ii(iiva * sl 8iti 8ixai6tSQovtovxmv 
yiyvci(fxov0Lv ot^AdTjvatov^ I6vtag nQog fia6iXia 8v8d- 

38 (Sxsiv. insl 8h dg>ixovto ol nQi6fisig olxaSs hta^toi^ 
t6v(Kh/ Ti(iay6Qav dnixtsivav ol ^Ad^vatoi^ xatrjyo- 



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LIB. VII. CAP. I. 243 

Qovvtog tov Aiovtog dg ovts avaxip/ovv iavtp id-i' 
loi fASta tsIIsXoTtldov Ttttvta fiovXsvoito. tcSv dl aX- 
Xayv XQeapsmv 6 nh/ ^HXstog *AQ%Cda^og^ oti nQovtl- 
Hri6s f^v ^HXiv nQo tmv ^AQTcadtov^ inyvsi ta paoiXiag, 
6 if 'Avtioxog^ otL i^Xattovto to ^AQxadixoVj ovts ra 
icoQa idi%ato anijyfsiXits nQogtovg ^ivQiovg ottfia^ 
aiXsvg aQtoxoTCovg gihv xal otpoitoiovg xal olvoxoovg 
xal d^QiOQOvg nafiTtXrid^stg Sxoij avSQag di otfidxotvt 
av"EXXil<fi %aw ivjftSv ovx iqni dvva6^ai Idsti/. itQog 
dh tovtoig xal to tdSv xiy^d^dtmv TtXY^^og aXaiovsCav 
ol ys doxstv iqyri slvai^ insl xal t^v Vfivoviiivfiv av 
XQv0ijv nXdtavov ovx licavriv igyi] slvai tittiyi Cxiav 
naQixsiv. 

^Slg Sh ot Gfifiatoi 6wsxdXs0av ajtb tcivnoXscDv 39 
ana6mv axov^ofiivovg fifg naQa fiaatXicog iitustoXiig^ 
xal 6 IliQ6fig 6 tpiQmv td yQdgi^fiata dsC^ag ti^v ^aCi-' 
Xiag 0<pQaytda dviyvca td ysyQaii^iiva, ot (ihv07jfiatoi 
6iikvvvai tavta ixiXsvov fiaiJtXst xal iavtotg tovg /8ot>- 
Xoiiivovg ipCXovg slvai^ ot Sh dno tmv noXscav dnsxQlr' 
vavto otv ovx 6(iov^svot dXX dxov^oiksvoi nsiapd^sii^- 
6av slSiti OQxcav Sioi/vto, nQog tdg noXsig niiinsiv 
ixiXsvov. 6 (livtot 'AQxdg Avxo^riSrig xal tovto IXs- 
ysv, oti ovShtov 6vXXoyov iv Bijfiaig Sioc slvai, dXX 
ivd'* av 'g 6 noXsfiog. ^i^aA^arati/oinroi/ d' avt^ tmv 
Srifiaicov xal Xsyovtmv Sg Siatpd^sCQOi. to ^vfifiaxtxov^ 
ovS* sig to 6wiSQiov ^^sXs xa^C^stv^ dxX dnimv j5%«- 
ro, xol i^st avtov ndvtsg ol i^ ^AQxaSCag nQi^psig. 
mgS^ iv0i]fiaig ovx '^d^iXrjoav oC cwsXdovtsg dfio-40 
6aif insfAnov ot 0rjfiatoi nQiofisiginl tdg noXsig^ 6(ivv^ 
vai xsXsvovtsg not/iJ6stv xatd td §a6tXimg yQd^^ata^ 
vofiliovtsg ^xvrfistv fiCav ixd6triv tmv noXscov dns- 
%^dvs6^ai affttt samotg ts xal fia6iXst. insl (livtoi slg 

16* 



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244 LIB. m CAP. 1. 

KofLvd^ov 7t(fmov avtSv uq)irXO[jkdv0v vzi<ftfi<iav ol 
KogMmy hcH dv^sxQiivavto oti, ovShv Sioivto ZQog 
fiaaiXia xoivmv OQxm/j i%rixolov^0av xfiH allm 
noKeig xata tavta ajtoxQivoiisvaL. xal avtri ftiv^ 
nsXonCdov xaX tcov 0fifiaC(Pv f^g ^Qxqg TtegifioX'^ owc» 
SisXvdTi, 

41 jivd^ig d' 'E7tai$^vv(6vdagj fiovMid^slg tQvg ^Ax^i^ 
ovg ytQoaayayicd^atj on:(og i/^XXov iStpCffif xal ot ^^Qxd- 
dsg xal ot aXXot 0viifiaxov 7tQ06i%oi$v tim vwvy iyvm 
ixfftQatevtiov slvat ijtl fqv *ji%(i(tav. IlMCav ovv*tov 
^AqybIov (JtQatfjyovvta iv rcS "AQysi naC^^i, TtQOxata- 
Xafietv to "Ovstov. x^ 6 IleufCas (livtot xiftaiw&doiv 
diisXoviAivf^v v^v tov ^OvsCov q^vXaxfjv vito ts Navr 
xXiovg^ og '^QXStov ^lxov t(Sv Aax0dac[AQvC(ov ^ xccl 
vjto Ti^iMitdxov tov ^A^vaCovj xataXan^fidvst vvxtmQ 
fistd St6xM(ov onXttcSv roi/ vTtkQ KsyxQSimv Xotpov^ 

42 ^%CM/ intd ^iisq(Sv zd iTtvtfjSsia. iv Sh tavta^ tatg 
'^(iSQatg iX^vtsg oC Qfi^atoi, vxsQ^ivov^t to "OvstoVy 
xal otQatsvoviSi ndvtsg ot 0vfifiaxQt in ^4x^^^Vyriyov- 
giivov 'EhtafisivcivSov. JtQOSTtsaovta^v S' avtp tmv 
§sXtC(ftG}v ix tfig^Axatag^ ivSvva6tsvsi, 6 ^EJtafkjBvvcif^ 
Sag &0ts nbii (pvyaSsvdoj, tovg xQatCotovg fifjSh noXir- 
xsiav iista0tfj0aiy dXXd itiGtd Xafiiiov noQa t(Sv ^Axcf^ 
(Sv ri fi^v avfiiuixovg i0s0^ai, xal dxoXovd^0siv o?roi 

43 av Qfj^tot fiy&vtat^ olkcog djf^XQ^sv otxaSs. xarijyo- 
Q(yvvtcov Ss avtov tmv ts ^QxdSmv xal t(Sv dvti^ta- 
0i(ot(Sv cog AaxsSaciiovCotg xats0xsvaxcog tr^v ^Axcctav 
dstiXttoVy iSol^s ®fi(laCotg 7ti(Ail;^i> aQiiQ0tdg sCg tdg 
'A%atSag TtoXsvg. ot S' iXd^ovtsg tovg li^v fisXtCotovg 
0VV r^ JtXiid^si iiifiaXovy SfuiLOXQatCag Sh iv rj 'Axat^ 
xati0tfi0av. ot fkivtoi, ixns0QVt^g 0v0tdvtsg ta%Vy 
iitl iiCav ixd0tfiv t(Sv noXsmv 7tOQSv6(i^svoty ovtsg ovx 



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I.IB VU. CAP. I. 245 

oUyoi^ Knct^Xd^ov te ual %atiiS%ov tag noXsig. ixBl dh 
xatsX^vtsg oiiuiti, ifki^wov^ aXXa 3tQo6v^cifg 6vv&^ 
pkd%ow totg AamsiaifMvioig^ ixiitwto ot ^Atfntidsg iv" 
^•Bv (ihf tmo Aaxsdavgiovifov f ivd^v dl vno'A%ahmv. 
iv 6\ tm Zmvmv^ to [ikv gii%Qi *toiitov nata tovg aQ^ 44 
%aiovg vofiovg ij mXitsia ^v* ix di wikov fiovX6fhSvog 
6 Sv^QCDVj &6n6Q stapa to^g Aansdaiiiovtoig iiiyc-- 
0tog fiv tdv noXitSvy ovtm xal naqii totg ivavtioig av- 
tmv nQmsvsiVy Xiye^ nifog tovg ^Agysiovg xal tovg 
Agnddag c^ sl (ihv ol nXov6iiitatoi iyXQatstg l0otvto 
to^ JStHvOvog^ 6apiSgj 3tav tvxji^ ndXiv Xaxmvut^ 
ndXig* iav d% drjiioXQatia yivfitat^ si t6tB oti 
ducftsvst vfktv ii n6Xig, iav o^v (lOi naQayiwicd-s^ iym 
lifoiiaL 6 6vyxaXmv tdv d^fiov^ xal afia iym Vfitv tav^ 
tfjv ni6tiv ifutvtoi) dsicm xa\ tiiv n6XiV fiifiaiov iv ty 
ovfiiiaxfa noQil^m. tavta d\ itprj , iyti nQottm sv t6ts 
oth ndXav pdkv %aXsnmg piQfoVy S^nsQ ifistg^ io ipQo^ 
vfiput t&v AmsSaifMvimvy a6^svog d' Sv t^v SovXslav 
anopvydv, ot oiv^AQxddsgxal oC 'AQystoi ^dimg tavi 45 
dxoii^avtig naQSyivovto avtm. 6 S* svdvg iv t^ dyo^ 
Q^ ntcQ6vtmv tmv^AQysCmif xaltiSv ^AQxddmv awsxd-' 
XH thf d^fiov^ Sg tljSnoXi/tsikg iaofi^ivfig inl totg ttfo^g 
xdl hfitdkfbg. insl di tfVv^X^ov, 6tQatfiyoifg ixiXsvftsv 
iXicd^ai tvettVag avt6lg ioxotri • ot & atQovvtai avt6v 
ts tdv BvtfiQova xal 'Inn6da(tov xcA KXiavdQov xttl 
*AxQi6iov kal Av&avipoV. Sg dh taika ininQaftio, xal 
inl ro isvtxov xa^totfi^ev *Adiav tov aircov vt6v^ Av^ 
6iftivfi tbv nQ^ad^sv &Q%&vta dnoiftijeag. xal sv^g 46 
fihv toihmv tmv l^ivmv 6 EikpQmv nitftovg tivag sv 
noimv inoii^aatOf xal SXXovg nQOiSsXdfL^avsv y ovts 
tSv dfjiiOiJtayv ovts tmv tsQ&v %Qfjiidt(ov q^std^fi^og. 
ual Seovg 8* i^ifiaXsv in\ Xaxmvidfi^^ xal totg tovtmv 



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246 LIB. ML CAP. I. U. 

XQ^^ficcOiv i%^^o. xttl t(Sv 0waQx6vr(ov dh tovg fAv 
doip aTcixtuve^ tovg 8^ iJ^dfiaXsv' miSts navta vtp* 
iavt^ ijcoci]6ato xal iSagxSg tvQavvog ^v. oxmg 81 
taika iieitQBTtoiBV avt^ oC <fvii(iaxoi^yta,iiivtixalxQij' 
(ia0i, 8iB%QattBto^ ta 8i xaC^ Btnoi 6tQatBvoivtOj xqo^ 
dvgi(og ix(ov to Ibvixov awipcoXovd^Bv. 

U. Ovt(o 81 tovt(ov 7tQoxBX(OQfix6tmvj xal tAv ts *Aq^ 
yBicDv imtBtBLxcx6t(ov t^ 0Xiovvtv v7c\q rotJ ^HQoUr- 
ov TQixdQavov, xal tmv Zixv(ovC(ov inl totg OQCoig 
avt(ov tBixii6vt(ov ri}i/ &vaiiCav, (uiXa inU^ovto ot 
9kici6u)v xal i^jtavilov t&vi7Citvi8BCaiv'oiMog8l8i,B^ 
xaQtiQow iv ty 0V(ifiaxCq:. alXd yaQ t(ov ph/ ^Byd-- 
l(ov n6kB(ov^ Btti, xaXov hcQa^av^ ajcavtBg ot (SvyyQa" 
q)Btg (jiifivrjvtaL ' ifLol Si 8oxBtj xal st tig iiMQa 7c6Xig 
ov0a TCoXkd xal xaXd iQya SiaTciTCQaxtav^ itt (idXXov 
2 aiiov slvac dicotpaCvBvv. 0XidoLOi toCvw(pCXoL ^lviyi- 

se») vovto AaxBSaLfiovCoLg^ ot bxbZvol lUyustoi ^eav 6(pa-- 
Xivt(ov 8^ avt&v iv ty ivAsvxtQOLg [uixVy ^ aTCo^ 
6tdvt(ov (jLkv noXX(ov xbqloCxodv, djco6tdvt(ov 8\ ndv- 
t(ov t(ov EtXcitoDVy itL 8h tSv av[Afidxcov nXviv ndw 
oXCycDv, i7CL(StQatBv6vtaiv 8* avtotg (og Blmtv icdvt(ov 
t(ov'EXXijvcoVy jcustol SLifiBLvav^ xcd ixovtsg 7toXB(iCovg 
tovg 8vvatc9tdtovg t(ov ivIlBXonovvijCG} *AQxd8ag xai 
^AQyBCovg ogicng ifioijdTiaav avtotg^ xal SLc^fiaCvsLv tB- 
XsvtatOL Xax6vtBg slg IlQaCLdg t&v evfifiotidiiadvtayi/^ 
Y^eav 8\ oitoL KoqCv^^lol^ ^EniSavQLOL^ TQOiiTjvLOL^ 'Eq- 
8 (iLovBtgy *AXLBtg^ JSlxvcovlol xal llBXXrjvBtgy ov yaQ xm 
t6tB d(pi0ta0aVf dXX ovif iicsl o isvayog tovg XQO^La- 
Psficotag XaP(ovd7CoXLyc(ov avtovg px^^9 ^^^' ^V dns^ 
0tQd(pri0av^ dXX '^ysfA^va (AL^d-cn^diASVOL ix IlQa^LcSvy 
ovtcov tcSv noXsfiCayv jcbqI ^AfivxXag, oicmg i8vvavto 
8La8vvtsg slgEndQtviv d(pCxovto. xai fft^v otAaxs8air- 



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LIB. VII. CAP. n. 247 

li6vu>i SllGig %s itlfiLfov avtovg xal fiovv l^ivvcc iTCan-- 
ipav. inel S* avaxmQrfiavrtov tSv noXsfiimv ix tijgA 
AaTuScUfiovog ot ^jiQyetov OQyiiogisvoi r^ t^v (tlLa6£mv 
ftBQl tovg jiaxsdcuiioviovg nQod^iiia ivifiaXov xavdti- 
f&fil slg t6v0Xiovvta xaL tqv %mQav avtmv id^ow^ 
ovd' mg vtpUvto^ akXa xal iiesl ane%mQovv ^^Biqav^ 
tsg o6a idvvavtOj iicslsXd^ovtsg ol tmv Q>Xiaclmv tn- 
nstg ijtTixoXovd^ovv avtotg^ xal oma^otpvXaxovvtmv 
totg *AQYsloig tmv tnnic^ anavtmv xai X6%mv tmv 
fist avtovg tstayfiivmv^ im^ifuvoi tovtotg £J^i]xovta 
ovt sg itQii>avt6\navtag\tovg oniCd^otpvXaxag' xai 
^nixtsivav fih/ oXtyovg avtmv^ tQ6naiov giivtOL i6tif'' 
6avto OQmvtmv tmv ^AQyslmv ovSkv dtatpiQOv ^ sl 
ndvtccg ansxt6vs6av aitovg. 

Aid^ig dh Aaxsdaifi6vix>i fihv xal ot aviifucxoib 
iipQOVQOvv to ''Ovsiovj €hfjPa!:oi 61 nQ06y6av mg^m, 
vnsQPfi66(isvoL noQsvo^ivmv 8\ 8ia Nsfiiag tmv'AQ- 
xdSmv xal ^HXstayv, onmg <yt;^fi^fiiai/ totg Gi^patoigj 
nQ06r^vsyxav (ihv X6yov tmv ^Xia6tmv tpvyddsg mg si 
id^sXfj^siav inupavHvaL (wvov 6g>i6i, XdfioLSv av ^Xir- 
ovvta ' insl 8h tavta 6wm(ioXoyfjd^^ t^g wxtog vns- 
xa^tlovto vtC avt^ tp tst%sv xXt(iaxag i%ovtsg ot ts 
tpvyddsg xal aXXoi (ist avtmv mg i^axo^ioi. insl 8\ ol 
(i%v 6xonol i6i](Muvov dno tov TQixaQdvov mg noXs- 
fUmv ini6vtmvy ^ 8i n^Xig nQog tovtovg tov vovv sl%9v^ 
iv 8ri tovtm ot nQo8i86vtsg i6i}(iai/vov totg vnoxad^ 
(nivocg dvafiatvsiv. ot8* dvafidvtsg xal Xafi6vtsgtmv6 
ipQovQmv td OTrAcK iQfj(Mc^ i8tmxov tovg i^(iSQoy>vXaxag 
ovtag 8ixa' dtp ixd^tqg Sh t^g ns(ind8og slg^^^isQO- 
qyvXaJ^ xatsXstnsto ' xal sva (ihv iti xad-svSovta dni-- 
xtsivav^aXXov8% xata<pvy6vta nQogto ^HQaiov, gyoyg 
8^ ilaXXo(Aivci>v xatd tov tst%ovg rov sig to a6tv 



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248 LIB.VlLCAP.il. 

OQAvtog t(Sv '^SQo^XaMmVy ivafLtputfiifiizfitmg sl%ov 
7 ol &vafiavta% trjy &xq6icoXlv. hc$l 9h Kfovyfjg slg t^v 
noXw &q>Mogiiv7ig ifioij&ovv oC noXhmj yo fiksv iCifA^ 
tov ittsisMwtsg ix tHg iuQOMoXsiog ot m>XiiLtoi in&^ 
X&wtQ iv v^ itQoa&sv tiifv slg t^ xoXw ^sifov6div 
nvXiSv' kxsysa uoXiOQxovfisvot tmo wov nQoofioi)^ 
d^ovvtmv i%siQovv TcdXtv itQog ti^v iuQonoXtv* oC i\ 
noXVtccv 6ws$0ntxtov0iv avtotg. to fihv ovv fii^ov 
t^g &MQQ^Xsa)g sii^g iQvifuyv iyivsto' isiA dhto tslr 
Xog xal tovg iCVQyovg ivafidvtsg o( noXiimt inatov 
nal SfiaXXov tovg ivdov ' ol di %afkafhv i^vvovta nai 
xati tig inl to tsCxpg psQovcag ttXiiianag nQo^sfki^ 
B %ovto. inA Sk tdSv Ivd-sv xmk iv^sv nvQyiov ixQotf^ 
0av tivayv ot noXttat^ Sfio^s d)} i%siQow inovsvonfbi'' 
vmg totg avafisfii]x6iUv. ot dh m^v(tsvot vn* avtcSv 
vQ roAfftg ts xal fia^^g $tg SXattov 6wsvXovvto. iv 
dh tovtp t^ xaiQ^ ot fihv ^AQxMsg xiA ot ^AQystoi 
nsQl f^v noXiv ixvxXovvto , xal xati xs%>aXfifv to tst- 
%og f^g axQonoXscog Su&QVttov * Tofi/ i^ Svdo^^sv ot fshv 
toifg inl tov tsl%ovg^ ot 91 xal iiio9wSti inav^fisci-- 
vovtagj int tatg xXifmJ^iv ovtag^ Snatov^ ot 8h nQog 
tovg ivafisfiip^€eg avtSv ini tovg nvQyovg ifii-' 
XpvtOj xal nvQ svQovtsg iv tatg Oxv^vatg v^p^ntov «i^- 
tovg^ nQoOfpoQiyvvtsg tcSv dQayfiatiov S Stv%svii av- 
tijg tijg axQonoXscDg tsd^sQi^fiiva. ivtav%a 8^ ot fthv 
ano tdrv nvQycyv tv^v ipXoya ipofiiyvpsvot iiijXXovTOj 
ot ^ inl tiSv tst%iSv vno tSv ivdQAv natofisviH i^i^ 
9 nintov. insl 8* Sna^ iJQiavto vnslxstVj ta%i^ 8^ na-- 
6a ^ ixQonoXtg SQijgiog tiov noXsgitmv iysyivijto. av-- 
d^g 8h xal ot tnnstg i^tjXawov - ot 8h noXiftiot iSovtsg 
avtovg ans%coQow^ xataXvnovtsg tag ts xXtfiaxag naX 
tovg vsxQoHg, ivlovg 8% xal iiovtag &noxs%c9Xsvfii- 



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L I B. vn. C A P. U. 249 

povg. ani%avov dh tAv noXsiUwv o% te hfdov ^a%6- 
(isvoi Hal ot ilaXXoiuvoi ovh iXdttovg tcSv o^doif- 
xovtec. ivd^a dij %m6a6^aL naprjv inl ty CtotriQlif 
totfg^hv Svd^g dsj^ovgiivovg dXXijXovgj tdg dh yv^ 
vahiag m^ tB ^sifovaag xdl &iia %aQ^ daxi^ovtSag' 
ndvtag di tovg naqovtag t&rs ya t^ ovti xXav0iysXag 
6l%iv. 

*EvifiaXov dh nal t^ v^iifft stsi slg tov OXiovvta 10 
olts ^Aoystoi, nal ot ^jiQxdisg Snavtsg, altiovd' ^i/W 
tov imxstifd^at avtovg dsl totg 0Xuc0£oig OTt afuc fihv 
dQytiopto avtotg^ a^ dh iv fisiSp sl%0Vy xal iv iXaC^ 
dt ^6av dA 8ut tffv dxo^imf tSv iTCLtridsttov naQadtr^- 
OHf^ab avtovg, ot if tnitstg xal ot iniXsxtoi tav QXuxr- 
almv xtA iv tavtfj ty iitfioXri inl tj} dtafidcst tov no- 
tafioS ini/ttO^svtav 6vv totg naQovCt tmv 'Ad^atcov 
tnnsvai * xal xifatrjtfavtsg inotrj6av tovg noXs^tovg ro 
XoMt6v t^g '^ftiQag inl tdg dxQiOQstag vno%(OQstv^ aftf- 
nsQ dno tpiXtov xaQnov trot; iv tp nsdtp qyvXattoiii^ 
vovg f^ xatanaxr^osiav. 

Av^^g 9i nots i&SQdtsvasv sig tov ^Xiovvta 6 11 
iv tf I^Lxvwvir aQ%iov Qrifiatog^ aycav ovg ts avtog 
sl%s ipQOVQOvg xallkxviov^g xalllsXXqviag' rjdri yaQ 
tots i^oXoii&ow totg Qr^fiatoig ' xal Evq>Qiov dh tovg 
ccvtov S%iOv ^i0^og>6Qovg nsQl dio%i,Xiovg ^vvsotQa-- 
tevsto. otfikv owoAilot avtcSv did tov TQtxaQdvov 
xatipwvov inl toTHQaiov^ mg to nsdiov ipd^SQovvtsg 
xatd 8i tdg sig KoQiv^v g)^viSag nvXag inl tov 
axQov xixtiXms Uixvioviovg ts xal IlsXXriviag^ omog 
/lmJ tavty nsQisX^ovtsg ot 9Xidctoi xatd xsipaXr^v axh- 
t&p yivoivto vnhQ tov 'HQaiov. d>g 8' iyvioiSav ot ix 12 
trig noXsiog tovg noXsfUovg inl ro nsdlov iOQfuifjiiivovg^ 
dvts^sX&ovtsg oZts tnnstg Tcal ot iniXsxtov tiop OXia- 



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250 LIB. Vn. CAP. n. 

6lmv iiui%ovto xal ovtc avCsaav eig to mdiov avtovg 
xalto iikv nXsUftov f^g '^fidQag ivtavd-a axQofioXitO' 
fisvoL di^yov^ ol liiv mqI tov EfSq>(fova i%idu6xovtag 
^XQir tov [njea0l(iovj ol dl ivdod-sv [lixQL tov ^HQaiov. 

13 ijcsl Si xacQog idoxsv Uvcu^ iaci^av ol noXii/kioc xv^ 
xX^ tov TQixaQavov * m0ts yoQ f^v 0vvto[iov ^Qog 
tovg nsXXriviag dq^ixi^&aL 17 nQO tov tsi^ovg q>dQayi 
slQys, fLixQov d* avtovg ^og to oQd^iov-XQoxigAilfav' 
tsg ot 9Xui6L0i dytotQS7c6fisvo& tsvto tfjv naQcc to tst- 

Hxog inl tovg nsXXrfviag Tcal tovg ftst avt(ov. xal ol 
%sqI tov 0ri^atov d\ aitf^oiisvoi' t^v 6xovdiQV tSv 
9Xtaaimv rnniXXfSvto oncog fp^diSsutv totg JlskXrivsv6i 
fiorjdijOavtsg. acpixofksvoi Sk UQ^tsQOi ol t%fCsXg iiir- 
pdXXovac totg nsXXrivsva. ds^aiihanf dh to %Q<Srov^ 
i7cavaxciiQ7J0avtsg ndXcv ovv totg icaQoysysvrmivoig 
tmv nsi(Sv ivifiaXov xdl ix x^^^Q^S i(idxovto. xaL ix 
tovtov d^ iyxXivovdcv ot TCoXificoc^ xai d7Co^vij6xov6i 
tmv ts Ucxvan/icov^ tivig xal tmv HskXrivicov yidXa 

15 noXXol xal avdQsg dya^oi. tovtcov dh ysvofiivayv 01 
fihv 9Xid6ioc tQonaiov Xotavto XafmQOv nacaviiov^ 
tsg , &67CSQ slxog ' ot ds tcsqI tov @fifiatov xal tov 
Evq>Qova nsQudQoyv tavta^ SdnsQ inl ^iav naQC^ 
dsdQaiirjxotsg. tovtov S% TCQaxd^ivtayv ^ ot fihv ini 
Zixv&vog aTC^Xd^oVj ot if sig to aotv dxsxcoQriaav. 

16 KaXov Sk xal toOto StsxQdl^avto ot OXidoioc * tov 
yaQ UsXXrivia IIqoI^svov tcSvta Xapovtsg, xcUucsq ndv^ 
tav OTCavi^ofisvoi, dqy^xav avsv XvtQCov. yswcUovg 
lih/ d^ xal aXxifwvg nmg ovx av tig q>airi dvai tovg 
toiadta dLcaCQattOfiivovg; 

17 'ilg ys fi'^ xal Sia xccQtSQiag trjv ni&tiv totg tpl- 
Xoig Siiacoiov nsQupavig' oVinsl stQyovtotmv in x^g 
yrig xaQnSv^ ilaiv td fikv ix trjg noXsfiiag X^iipdvov 



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LIB. VIL CAP. IL 261 

XBg^ ta 81 ix KoqMov dvovii^svoi^ dva ^oXlcSv xivdv- 
vmvinl ttiv dyoQUV lovtBQ^ %aXB7CiBg (jihv tifi^^v noQi^ 
iovtsg , %aXB%(dg 8% tovg noQl^ovtag 8ia7CQatt6iisvoi, 
yU^XQGig 8* iyyvijtag %a^i6tavtsg taiv d^ovtmv vico^ 
ivyicav. ^8fi 81 TCavtaTta^iv anoQovvtsg XaQrita 8ls^ 18 
sCQaiavto CtpC^v naQaTcifiilfai. ti^v TCaQanonTCTjv, insl 
8* iv Okiovvtt iyivovto, i^sijd-TjiJav avtov xal tovg 
dxQsiovg 0vvsx7cifitlfac slg t^v IlsXXijvTiv. xdxsivovg 
lihv ixslxatikticov^dyoQddavtsg 81 xal iniaxsva^diis-- 
voi on6ou i8vvavto vno^vyca wxtog dnj^cav, ovx 
dyvoovvtsg ow ivs8Qsv0otvto vtco t<3v noXs(ii(xn/, dX- 
kd vofiitovtsg %aXs3C(6tSQOv slvai tov fidxsad^ac to ilyi 
l%6iv t&nct7]8sca. xal 9CQ0^6av [ih/ ot ^XtdaiOv (ista 19 
XaQTitog' iicsl 81 ivitv%ovtolg 7CoXs[iioigy siid^g iQyov 
ts st%ovto xal jcaQttxsXsvadiisvoi dXXijXoig ivixstvto^ 
xal aiiaXdQfjta invfiofid^stv ip6tov. vixffg^h ysvofiivrig 
xal ixpXfjd^ivtcDV ix tiqg 68ov tdSv noXsiiicjv^ oikcj 8^ 
otxa8s xal savtovg xal a ^yov dnsaanfav. dg 8h tiiv 
vvxta fjyQVTCvijaav^ ixd^sv8ov ni%Qc noQQco f^g '^(li- 
Qag. insl 8h dviatfi 6 XdQfjg^ nQoas^6vtsg oX ts tTC-- 20 
nslg xal ot %QfiatiicitatOL tcov oTcXcttSv iXsyov , ^H Xd-- 
Qi\g^i%sati aoi tfjiisQov xdXXiatoviQyov8ianQdiaa^ai. 
%<oQiov yaQ inl totg OQocg iqfitv ot Uixvdvioi tSL%tiov- 
atVy olxo86iiovg fihv noXXovg i%ovtsg^ OTcXitag^hov 
ndvv noXXovg. fjyijaoiK^sd^a ^hv ovv '^iistg ot tnnstg 
xaltav onXtttov ot iQQc^itsviatatoc* av 81 to J^svtxov 
i%<ov idv dxoXov%"^g^ tamg iihv8cansnQay(x>ivaaov xa- 
taXijifSCf tatog 8i inifpavslg av tQonijv, SansQ iv nsX" 
^V^Vj ^otiiascg. sl 8i ti 8va%sQig aoiiatcv c5v Xiyo- 
lisvj dvaxoivcoaac totg dsotg d-v^gisvog' oi6(i>sdaydQ 
iti as (laXXov Tm^ tovg d^sovg tavta nQdttsiv xsXsv- 
asiv. tovto 8h %Qijy d XdQfjg, sv si8ivai^ oti idv 



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252 LIB. VIL CAP. II. lU. 

tccvvccitQiilfjg ^ totis pkkv noXBp4oig imtstsixmwg ieBi^ 
fpiAlav 8\ %6kvv dta6€0mxd^j sixXii&ecetog dh iv vg 
nat^t8i> kSBv^ ovofMiftotatog 9i Hal iv totg 6v(i(uixopg 

21 xal nokefiiotg. 6 fihv <^ Xdgtig iiM^zlg i^vsto. tAf 
dh Olcaoiav aid^ ot fth/ txnstg tovg d^toQOxag ivBdi^ 
ovto xal tovgZnnovg ixaUvoWy ol ds onXttat o6a eig 
mtlpv naQStfxivdtovto. inal 8h &vaXap6vtsg td &nXa 
inoQSvovto ivd^a i^eto^ dnijvta avtotg 6 Xd^g xal 
6 (idvtig^ xal ilsyov otc xaAd td tsQd. dXXd ns^iii- 
vstSj ifpa^Ucv ^Sfi ydg xecl^fLStg S^vfisv. cogdhtdxt- 
0ta ixfiQvx^i]j ^sUf tivl nQod^fUcf xal ot iui0^otp6goi 

22 taxv il^dQafiov. insl dh XdQijg iJQl^ato noQsvs^d^ai^ 
nQOJaav avt^ ot tsSv OXtafSCtav tnnslg xtd ns^oi' xa^ 
to lihv nQiStov taxiiog '^yovvto^ fnshta 81 itQoxa^ov' 
tiXog 8h otfihv tTtnstg xatd xQdtog ijXmvov^ ot 8h ni^o\ 
xatd XQdtog id^sov mg Svvatov iv td^st^ olg xal 6 XdQijg 
0nov8i infjxoXo^^si, tjv (ihv ow t^g &Qag giiXQov nQo 
Swtog fiXCov * xatfXdfifiavov 8h tovg h/ 1^ tsi%si no^ 
XsfUovg tovg ^hv Xovfuvovg^ tovg 8' wf^notovfiivovgj 
tovg 8h tpvQcivu^f tovg 8h (Hipddag noiovfiivovg. Ag 
8* sl8ov tf^v (fg>o8Q6tffca v^g itp68ov^ sid^vg ixnXa-- 
yivtsg itpvyov^ x«taXin6vtsg totg dya^otg &v8Qd6i 
ndvta tdniv^8sba. xdxstvoi fihv tavta ^si/nvijtfav^ 
tsg xdl otTtod^sv aXka iX&6vta^ t&g in^ svtvxi^ ensi- 
6avtsg xal nataviiSavtsg xal tpvXaxdg xatatStijam» 
^svot^ xati^aQd^ov. ot 8h KoQlv^tot^ dcptxoftivov t^ 
wxtog dyyiXov nsQl f^ &vm^iagy (idXa ^XtxSg nti- 
Qvl^avtsg td %svyfi xal td vno^vyta ndvta xcd ^itov 
ysftl6avtsg slg tov 9Xtovvta naQijyayov xal sca^nsQ 
itstxit^to to tstxogi ixdavfig "^(liQag naQano^nal 
iyiyvovto. 

III. IIsqI (ihv d^ ^Xta6t(oVj ag xal nt&eol totg q>iXoig 



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gi 



LIB. yu. CAP. m. 253 

iyivovto Ttal HXxviiol iv t^ xoIb^g) disziXsiJav, xai 6$ 
TSuvreDv 67ttcvCiovrss dtiiisvovivtfi 6v(i(iaxta^ s^Qritac. 
6%sd6v Hk jcsqI tovtov rDt' xQ^vovAiviasEtvykfpdXtog, 
0tQati^y6g taSv 'A^Tuidcov ysysvififiivog , vo(it6ag ovx 
avsxtc^ i%Sbv ta iv tai HinvfSvv, avafiag evv tp sav- 
rot; CtQatevfMPt^ sig ti^ dxQoxoltv 6vy%aksl tmv Eir- 
Tivatvimv tc^ ts ivSov ovtcov rovs xQatiatovg xal tovg 
avsv doyiiatog ixicsictcDKOtag (istsniiiifotOw q^ofiT^d^slg 2 
dh tavta 6 EvipQmf xataq>svyst sig iroa/ h($iva t^v 
EiMVGivic^v^ Tud (ista7SSfki;d(isvogna6i(ifikov ixKoQiv- 
dvVf did tovtov TCa^aSidmiSv tov kLftiva totgAecxsdcar- 
fvovioig Tcal iv tavty av ty 6vii^%icf, dvsotgiipsto^ ki- 
ycsrv mg Aaxsdcufjvovioig duetsloiri xuftog £v * ots ydg 
ilnifpog ididoto ivty noksvj st doxoiri dtpiotaOd^ai^ (let 
oXiyaivdnoilnjq^ioa^d^aisipfi * insita 8\ toirg TtQodovtag 3 
savtov fiovX6(isvog ti^icsQijcaHd^aL dfj(iov xocta6t^0ai, 
xal vvv^ i^y fpsvyovCtv v% i(iov icdvtsg ot v(idg nqto- 
Stdovtsg. st (ihv ovv idvvdednf^v iycij oXfjv dv ix^av 
tf^vJCoXtv jCQog v(idg dnietriv vvv 8*ov iyxQoti^g iys^ 
v6(kfiv trdi/ Xt(Liva naQadidwxa v(itv. i^XQomno (isv dr) 
noXXoi ainovtavta' onooot dh insitovto ov ndvv xa- 
tdSfilov, 

^AXld yaQ insinsQ fJQ^d(ifiv, dtatski^at fiovXo(iat4 
td nsQt EvfpQOvog, Ctaota^dvtmv yaQ iv tm 2!v- 
xvavt tfSv ts paXtiCtcnv xal tov dfj(iov^ Xaficov 6 Ev- 
{pQOiv 'A^vfjd^sv ^svtxov ndXtv xatiQxstat. xal tov 
(liv actscag ixQatst avv tp 8^(im • Sfi^aiov Sh dQ(io- 
6tov tf^v dxQonoXiv ixovtog^ insl syvcn ovx dv Swd^ 
(uvog taip Gfipaicnf ix^vtan/ f^v dxQonoXtv tijg n6^ 
Xic9g xQatstVy 6vaxsvaiSd(isvog ^^ifftara ^xsto^ dg 
tovtotg nsiaciyv &f^ficciovg ixfidXXstv (ihv rov^ xQatC- 
6tovgj naQaSovvat S^ axrtip ndXtv tf]v noXtv. at0^6^5 



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254 LIB. VII. CAP. m. 

[gevot, dl ol TCQOCd^Bv qwyddss t^^v odov avtov xal xiiv 
naQa6xsv^v, dvts^OQsvovro sig tdg ®'ijfiag. 6g d' ifii- 
Qa>v avtov oUsCtog totg dQ%ov6v (Svvovta^ tpo^^^ivtsg 
^ri duLTCQaiavto a fiovkstaij TcaQSxivdvvsvadv tivsg 
xal d^o6(pdttov6iv iv tydxQOTColsi tov Evq>QOva^t&v 
ts aQxovTCDv xal t^ fiovl^^g cvyxad^rjiiivfov. ot fviv^ 
tov aQxovtsg tovg %ovr^iSavtag sl6ijyayov sig f^v /Jov- 
Xijv, xal iksyov tdds. 

6 ^ avdQsg %okttai^ 'hv^Btg tovtovoltovg dnoxtslvav- 
tag EvtpQOva Sicixofisv mqI d^avdtov^ OQtdvtsgotv ot 
(ihv0ciq>QOvsgovdlv8ijnova8vxovovdh dvofSiov noiov- 
0vVj ot dh novfjQol 7COLOV0V {idvy kav^dvsvv d\ TtsiQm^- 
taiy ovtoi dh to0ovtov ndvtag dvd^QdnovgvnsQpsfikij^ 
xa0v t6k(ijj ts xal ftvaQta Sats naQ* avtdg tdg dQ- 
xdg xal jcaQ avtovg V[idg tovg xvQiovg ov0tvvag dst 
dnod^vTJCxsvv xal ov^tvvag ftij avtoyvcDgiovii^avtsg 
dnixtsvvav tov avdQa. si ovv ovtov ft^ dci0ov6t 
rijv i^xdtriv dixriv^ tig nots nQog rijv ndkvv %aQ- 
Qc5v noQSvestav; tl 8\ nsi6stav ^ nokvg^ si i^i- 
Otav t^ povkofiivp dnoxtstvav nQiv di]k(S0av otov 
Mvsxa r^xsv sxa0tog\ riiistg fihv drl tovtovg 8vcixo(isv 
(og dvo0vG)tdtovg xal d^vxcntdtovg xal dvoficatdtovg 
xal nkst0tov 8rj vnsQv86vtag tr^g noksmg' v^stg 8h 
axrjxootsg, onoiag tvvog vyitv 8oxov6vv a^vov slvav 
8ixrigy tavtriv avtotg inid^sts. 

7 Oi fvhv aQxovtsg tovavta slnoV tdv 8h anoxtsv- 
vdvtan/ ot fisv dkkov riQvovvto niri avtoxsvQsg ysys- 
vij6&av' slg 81 (0(iok6ysv^^ xal tfjg dnokoyiag (o8i 
ncDg TiQxsto, 'Akk' vnsQOQav fiiv^ a SriPatoVj ov 
8vvat6v V(A(Sv dv8Ql og si8siri xvQiovg filv ovtag o^tv 
povksed^s avt(p xQ^^^^av * tivv /x^i/ nv^tsvcov dnixxsvva 
tovRv^Qa; sv t6ts otvnQ&tov fvhv tcp vofiilsvv 8ixavov 



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LIB. VII. CAP. UI. 255 

noietv^ hesvta dh tip vfjLdg og^ag yvdiSsad-ai,. ijdeiv 
yaQ ouTial viistg tov$ nsQl *AQ%Cav xal 'T7cdti]v, ovg 
iXa^sts oiioia EvtpQovi Tcsxoiijxotagy ov ilnlq>ov avs- 
lisivatSj aXXa ojcots XQfStov idvvdiSd^ts itificoQi^^a'' 
tfd^Sj vofUiovtsg tcSv ts nsQKpav&g avoiSimv xal tdlv 
ipavsQ&g TCQodotiSv xal tvQawstv i7ti,%svQovvtiXiv vieo 
ndvtiov avd^QiOTtiov ^dvatov xatsyvSiSd^av. ovkovv xal 8 
EvipQiov naCt tovtoig ivo%og qi/. naQaXafiiav fihv yaQ 
td tsQa (isHtd xal aQyvQAv xal %QViJiSv dvad^(idtiov 
xsvd ndvtiDV tovtiov d7cidsi4s, nQodotrjg ys firjv tlg 
dvicsQyipavi0tSQog EvipQovog striy og iptXtatog ^jl^v 
Sv Aaxsdat^vtoig vindg dvt ixstvtov sUsto ' Jtastd dh 
dovg xal Xapiov xaQ* v(iiov ndliv TCQovdioxsv v^dg xal 
naQidioxs totg ivavttoig tov Xi(iiva; xal fi^v Toog ovx 
dycQO<paiSt0tiog tVQawog ^i^, og dovXovg [ihv ov fiovov 
iXsv^iQOvg dXkd xal TCoXttag inotsij dnsxttvw S\ xai 
iipvyddsvs xal %Qriix,ata dipriQStto ov tovg ddixovvtag, 
dXX ovg avtip idoxsi ; o^ot 8% ^^aav ot fiiXtiOtoc. av- 9 
^ig dh fistd tiSv ivavtviotdtiov viitv ^A^valtov xatsX- 
d^iov slg t^v tcoXlv ivavtta /xii/ id^sto td onXa ro5 
naQ viuSv aQfioiStfj' insl d' ixstvov ovx idvvded^ri ix 
f^g dxQOTCoXsiog ixfiaXstv^ 0visxsva0dfisvog %Q^iiata 
dsvQO dq>txsto, xal sl ^lv onXa i^d^QOixtog iipdvri iip 
vfidg, xal %dQiv av (loi st%sts , si dnixtstva avtov • og 
dh %Qi]fiata "^Xd^s 7caQaiSxsva0d(isvogy 6g tovtovg v^dg 
dtaq^d^SQiSv xal nstCiov ndXtv xvQtov avtbv nov^iScn 
trjg noXsiog, tovtip iyto njv dtxr^ iniS^slg Toog av Sir- 
xatiog vip vfnov dnod^dvoiiii; xal yaQ ot (ihv onXoig 
§ta0&ivtsg fiXdntovtac (liv, ov ^ivtoi adixot ys dva- 
ipatvovtat' otdh ^Q^^fiaot naQa ro fiiXti6tov diag^d^aQiv- 
rsg Sfia iikv pXdntovtaij apLa dh al0%vvg nsQvntictov- 
0iv, sl fihv totvw ifiol fihv noXi^iiog iji/, v^itv dh q>tXog, 10 



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250 LIB. VIL CAr. lU. IV. 

fWYa Si$oloy6 it^ xaXmg iwfM ifjuv %aQ vfOv tovwp 
anoxtBtPtu ' o 8\ viutg X(fodUhvg tliftol xolqiuirsQOs 
'^v^viai/^aXlavijjdla^ibfoiavtigjixmv^l&B. xata 
U iih/ ax^^fuvov t^g viut^ag xoXsmg axixtswi ri^ 
ainov^ iicaCvov av itvy%avs * vvv % ots naliv ^ld'^ 
aXXa nQog totg nQoif^sv xaxa noi/^omv, ov dmaimg 
qnJ0H ttg avtov ts&vdvai ; nov l%m ISXXfioi 6%ovdag 
ditodstiai fj XQo86t€ug y xaXivavtopoXoig ^ tvQwih- 

1 1 voig ; XQog Sh tovtoig dvaiiv^o^rits oti xai hfnjiploa'- 
0^s diJTCOv totfg qyvyddag dfmylpuwgdvaiixnavtmv 
tfSv Oviiiidxmv. o6tig dh avsv xowov tmv tfvfifm- 
%anf doyiiatog xatiQ%nav qyvydg^ toikov i%oi tig dv 
slnstvonmgovdixai6viotivdnodtfiJ6xsiv; iy mgnnti^ 
m Svdffsg, dnoxtsCvavtag iihv vitdg iiih teti^mQfixotag 
i^sOd^ai dvdQl tfp ndvtmvviUv noXsiiimtdt^' yvov^ 
tag dh dlxaia nsnovrpcivai avtovg tstiiimQfix6tag ^- 
vstO^ai vniQ ts vfimv avtmv xcA imhQ tmv 0viiiui%C9v 
kndvtmv. 

j2 Ot filv oiv Qvifiatoi taHta dxov0avtsg iyvmoai 
dlxaia tov EvipQOva nsnov^^ivai * ol iiivtoi noMtai atn 
tov mg dvdQa dyad^ov xoiiiOdiisvoi id^a^dv ts iv t^ 
dyoQ^ xal cig &Q%Yiyitriv f^g n6Xsmg oifiovtai. ovtmg, 
fig loixsv, ol nXstotOi ^QC^ovtai tovg svsQyitag iav- 
tmv avdQag dya^ovg slvai. 

IV, Kal td iilv nsQl EvtpQovog stQVfcai • iym *i iv^sv 

l^ilg taika i^i^v indvsiisi. iti yuQ tsc%ii6vtmv tmv 
OXiaoCmv Ti}t/ SvaiiCav xal tov XaQT^tog iti 7caQ6vtog 
^SlQmnog vno tmv ^svyovtmv xatsXijcpdfi. otQatsv- 
aaiiivmv 8i ndvtmv ^AthivaCcav in* cpitov xal tov Xd- 
Qtjra nstansiulfaiiivmv ix trjg 9vcciUag, 6 ithv Xciiijv 
av 6 tmv JSixvmvCmv ndXiv vn avtmv ts tmv noXitmv 
xaX rcDi; 'AQxddmv aXioxstai • totg *' 'A&rjvaCoig ovdslg 



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LIB VIL CAP. IV. J57 

KatimM^dv dl 6 Amofitjdiis (Uf^^pofiivovs Tot^g 
A^fivaiovg totg cv^indxoiSj ovi avtoi (ihv «oAJUt ac^- 
/funa bI%ov ii itutvovgy avtapo^^cs d' tcvtotg ov- 
^fti?, luCd-u xovg ^vffCovg M^dvTHV 9^/1 ovi^axilag 
Zffog avtwg. iro fi^v ovv xqi^v idvcxiQaiPov t^v^ 
tmv ^A^vaimv to jioHaiaiftovioig Svtag ^piXovg yavi- 
o^ai totg ivavtloig avtmvovfL^x^' ineiS^ ilXoyir- 
{o^HTOi ffiQiCMOv oviiv fkstOv jiaxiiaifLOvtoig q oq^i-- 
oiv aya^v to ^AQMdiag (n^^XQooiM&ac 9^fiaimVy oiK- 
Tio ifi XQooeiixovto ti^v rioi/ ^Agadimvovfifiaxiav. $tdl S 
Jvxofiiiiiig tavta uQdttmv^ animv ^A^v^^ev iair- 
IMvcmtata dno^viioxsi. Svtmv yoQ xa(in6Xk$9v nkoi^ 
mVf 4Kk^dfuvog tovtmv o ifiovAsto y aal ow^iiievog 
toiwv dxoPifidoiu 07COC avtog xelsvoi^ stk$to ivtccvda 
ixfi^vai ivd^a ot gwydisg itvyxavov ovtsg. adxsOvog 
psv ovtatg dxo^vTitfxu, ^ (nivtoc ovfmaxitc ovtmg 
ixBQaivsto. 

EtuSvtog ih Afiitotimvog iv rco dqfifo rcafv ^A&ti^ 4 
vaimv mg 17 (ikv XQog tovg ^Agxdiag cpckia xaldg avtcp 
ioxoirj XQattsO&aCj totg (livtoc OtQatiiyotg XQOOtdiai 
i^ XQV^^f' oxmg xal Kogcv^g amg ^ r^ diffifo tmv 
Adijvaimv* dxovoavtsg ihtavtaotKoQivOwcy Ta^^ 
xifiiHxvtsg txavovg q>QovQovg iavtmv ndvtoffe onov 
^Ad^vatot i^QOVQOw ehcov avtotg dncivac^ mg ovi\v 
itc ieoyLSvoc g)Q0VQcSv. ot i* ineid^ovto. mg ih ow^ 
rjk^ov ot ix tmv (pQOVQimv 'AOtivatoi slg ttjv noKcv^ 
ixi^Qv^av o{ KoQtvOcoc^ bI tcg dicxotto ^A^vaimVj 
ixoyQdqye^Oacy 6g lijilH^ftivovg td iixaca» ovtm ihb 
tovtmv ixovtmv XaQtig dq>ixvBttac fiBtd vavtcxov 
XQ6g KeyxQBiag. intl i' iyvm td nsnQay(iiva, Iksisv 
Xenoph. Hitt. Gr. 17 



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258 LIB. VII. CAP. IV. 

o€i axovoas hcyfhvkBVBO^ai, tfi xoXsi poni^iov noQhiifi. 
ot d^ inaivi^avtsg avtov ovdiv ti iutklovi8s%ovzo ti% 
vavg slg tov Xifiivaj aXX dnonXstv ixiXsvov- xal tovg 
SicXitag d^ ta dixaia noii^iSavtsg anixsfiifov. ix piv 
ovv trjg KoqMov ol ^A^rfvatoi ovtiog ajcijXXdyfi6av. 

6 totg ii^hnoi AQxd6i, itifiMcv rjfvayxdiovto tovg t%niag 
imxovQovg 8id trjv (Sv^fiaxiav^ st tig CtQoxsvoito inl 
triv *AQxa8(av* trjg Ss Aaxmvixiig oix inificuvov hd 
itoXi^Gf, 

Totg 8h KoQvv^Coig iv^yLov^ivoig wg xaXsndig 
lXOLavtovg<ic9d^vaLj ocQcftovfiivovg iilv xal TCQoCd^sv 
xatd yijfv^ TCQoeysysvrifiivayi/ 8h avtotg*A^hifvalcov dvs^ 
mtri8sLC9v, i8oisv d^QoC^scv xol nsiovg xal tnniag gu- 
6^oq)6Qovg. ^ov^voi 8h tovtmv , aiia iihv tvf^v noXip 
itpvXattov , a^ia Sk noXXd tovg nXrjOtov noXsfUovg xa-- 
xiog inotow * slg iiivtoc @i^pag hcsiiimv insQrfio^ii^ 

Tvovg si tvxocsv dv iX^ovtsg slQr^g. insl 8h ot ©i^ 
fiatoc iivac ixiXsvov^ Ag i0O(iivi^g^ i8sri%^av ot Ko- 
Qivd^LOc idiSac 0<pdg iXd^stv xal inl tovg fSv^yMXOvgy d^ 
listd liiv t<Sv povXoptivcDV noirjodii^ot f^v siQrjvriVy 
tovg 8i noXsiLov atQoviiivovg idoovtsg noXs^isPv. iqdv- 
tcav 8% xal tavta nQdttscv t&v @rifiaiti>v, iXd^ovtsg sig 

8 Acats8ainova ot KoQivd^toc slnov^ 'Hiitstg^ oS av8QS$ Aon 
xs8acii6vi0Cy nQog viiag ndQs0i$sv viiitsQoi cpiXocy xal 
dicoviisv^ si iiiv tiva OQdts actni^Qiav rnUv^ idv 8ia- 
xaQtsQiSiisv noXsitoihnsgj 8i8dl^ac xal '^iidg * si 8h dno^ 
Qcog yiyvciiSxsts ixovta td ^^iiitSQa^ si iihv xdl viitv iSvfir' 
cpiQSc^ noii]0a6%ai i$sd'* rnKov tr^v siQipniv' mg ov8l 
HSd'* ivmv av ri8iov ^ fifd*' viiciv ^cod^sirifisv' si 
ftivtOL vnstg Xoyi^so^s €viMpiQsiv viitv noXsi^stVy ^s&^ 
lis^a viifSv iatSat rmkag siQijvriv nociioa^^ai. om^sv^ 
tsg ph/ ydQ toa^g av av^ig iti notl iv xaiQcS viiPv ys" 



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L 1 B. VII. C A P. IV. 259 

t^o^^^a* iav dh vvv dxoXfAnBdw , di^lov Sti ovdAtots 
XQii^i^oi Iti, ieoiisd^a. axov6avtsg dh taika oCAaxs-Q 
dain6vu)^ totg ta Kogivd^ioig cwafiovkBvov v^v Blgii- 
vTivnotr^tfafS^aixaltfov alXcin/ 0v(ifui%c!}v inhQBiljav 
rotg fii} fiovXo^ivovg Cvv.iavtotg mXBgiBtv mfanav- 
B0^ai* avtol d* iq>a0av noXBfiovvtBg xgdlstv o^tiav 
rc9 d^Boi (plkov ^ * vq^ijOBOd-ai Si ovdhtoxB^ ijv naQa tSv 
natiQCDv xaQikafiov MB0afjv7iVy tavtt^g HtBQt^^^^vai^. 
ol ovv KoQivd^iot dxovOavtBg tavta ijtoQBVovto Blg\Q 
tag &ilpag inl vf^ BlQfqvriv. ot ftivtoi @fifiatoi ^§^w 
avtovg xal Ovfiiiaxiav oiiv^vat * oC di dnsxQlvavto ori 
fl fiihv 0v^iiaxla ovx Bi^vri dXXa noXifLOv (iBtaXXay^ 
sPH' sl dl povXoivtOy naQstvat ifpacav t^v dixatav 
slQiivfiv noi/riOoftBvoi. dyaC^ivtBg Sh avtovg ot @if- 
fiatoiy oTt xahtBQ iv xLvdvvp ovtsg ovx ijd^sXov tot^ 
svBQyitaig slg TtoXsfiov xad^iatao^ai, owsxciiffiiSav 
avtotg xal ^Xiaoiotg xal totg iX^ointi nst avtmv slg 
BijPag tij^v bIqijvi^v itp pts ixsi/v v^v iavtmv ixdotovg. 
xal inl tovtoig diiio^hflav ot oqxoi. ot ^ dij ^iUa- 11 
<f(Ot, iitBl ovtmg i^ Cv(itfia0vg iyivno^ sid^ dst^Xd^ov 
ix tijg BvafUag • of dh ^AQysto^ OfwCavtsg htl totg «^ 
totg tovtoig slQrivriv Ttoivflso^^at^ ijtsl oix idwavto 
natanQdiai &(StB tovg tav ^XiaoCmv qyvyddag fiivsiv 
iv tp TQixaQavp log iv ty iavtmv noXsi, i^ovtag^ na- 
QaXapovtsg iipQovQow^ tpdfSxovtsg CipstiQav t^v yf{v 
tavtfiv slvai^ ijvoXtym nQotsQov i&g noXs^Cav ov6av 
i&gow. xal dlxag tiSv 9Xuicotarv nQOxaXovfitiviov ovx 
idtdooav. 

Sx^Sov di nsQl tovtov tov X9^ovtBtBXBVt7ix6togi!i 
ijdfl rov nQ^ed^sv diowctov b vlog avtov ni(inB& fioij- 
f^Biav totg AaxsdatfjLovtoig doidsxa tQi^QSig xal aQxov^ 
m airtmv TinoxQdtij, o^Stog if oiv diptxoiiBvog ew- 

17* 



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MO LIB. VU. CAP. IV. 

fiiuiQBl avvoli £eXXa/^p' wkL touto %^\aq dscf* 

J^ M&ca Sk Tovzo ov xoilm vctsgop KcnaXafifidvov-^ 
6iv o[ ^Hkstoi jiaauSvOj to lihv nalaiov savttSv Svta^ h( 

13 is tdi xaQovti Cwtslovvta sig to ^AQxadixov. oCfuvtot 
^jiQuddsg ov TCaQfoliyciiffiifav, akX sv^g itaQayysihav^ 
tsg ifioiijd^ow. avtsfioij^6av ds xal tcav 'tUsiav ol 
tQtaKOffioi^xalit^tstQano^uK. avts6tQiKtoxsSev(iiv&v 
il trjv '^ipav iv &tiJCsds6tiQp X^Qi^P ^cd'!^ ^Hlsiav tijg 
wxtog ot ^AQ9ta8sg avafiaivov6tv inl tt^ tov vnh^ t&f 
*HXsiav OQOvg xoQvgifjv * apLa dh t^ V^9f xatifiaivov 
inl tovg ^HXaiovg. ot Sh idovtsg a^a [ihv i^ tmsQSs^fov 
xQooiovtag^ Sfia di xoXlccxXaaiovg^ ix noXXov fA^v 
ascsXd^stv 'gaxvv&ritfav j oi^iiSs d* ^Xd^ov xal slg %slQag 
dsitt(isvociq>vyov' xal $coXXoifg liiv SvdQogy TCoXladl 
onXaanioXsCav^ xaxa ivo%mQiag &no%(QQovvtsg. 

14 Ot dh ^Afxadsg dcanQaidiuvov tavta inoQsvovto 
hci tdg tcSv ^AxQiOQsimv noXscg. Xafiovtsg ds tavta^ 
nki^v &Qav0tov dg^cxvovvtat slg^OXv^niavy xal nsQir' 
^ntavQmsavtsg to Kqoviov ivtav^a i^QOVQow xai 
ixQotow tov *OXv(cmaxov oQOvg' iXafiov ds xal 
MaQyaviag ivdovtwv tcvmv. otirio dh nQOxs^a^Qti- 
xovoi/ ol fihv*HXstoc av navtdnaccv ^^d-viitioav^ ot A 
^AQxddsg iQ%ovtcu> inl f^v noXiv. xdi (ii^%Qi (ihv t^ 
ayoQdg.^^Xd^ov ' ixsl iiivtoc vnontdvtsg ot ts tnnsVg xai 
ot aAAot avtmv ixfidXXovoi ts avtovg xal dnsxtswdv 

15 tcvag xal tQonacov ifJvtjoavto. ^v [ihv ovv xal nQots- 
Qov dcag)OQd iv VQ^HXidi. ot (ihv yaQ nsQl XaQonov ts 
xal 0Qa0C9vidav xal ^AQyslov slg dti(LoxQaxiav rjyov 
ttiv noXcv^ ot Sh nsQl UtdXxav ts xal 'Inniav xdl StQO- 
toXav sig 6XcyaQ%iav. insi S* ot ^AQxddsg (isydX^qv dv- 
vanLiv i%ovtsg av(iiia%ov iddxow slvai zotg dfinLoxQa' 



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L 1 B. VII. C A P. IV. 261 

tH0^ui fiirvXoniwHg , ix rovtov d^ d^Qa^vTSQoi ol ^£(4 
xiv XaffOTtov ^aavy tuiI 0w^insvoi to^ ^AgHtiavy ijti^ 
fiofi^Btv HataXaiifidvov6i riqv aHffonoliv. ot d^ hcxstg 16 
9ml ol XQiamcm ovx BfisXXii^aVj aAA' Bvd"vg ixn(fow 
av»^ Hol ixKQOVOvciv avtovg* Mt ifpvyov cw t^ 
'AQystp xal Xagonp tmv noUtmv nBQl tstQOxoitiovgi 
ov noXv 6* vatsQov ovtoi xaQaXafiovtsg tmv^AQxadwv 
tivag xataXafipdvovift IlvXov, xal xoXXol ^ivtoi nQog 
avtovg ix v^g a6Xe(og ax^6av tov dijiiov , St£ %mQ£ov 
tB xaXov wxl fuydXfiv ^fii^v v^v tmv ^AQitdimv 6^11-- 
lka%ov i%ovtag. ivifiaXov d\ xai vCteQov ilg in}i/ %mQav 
ti^ tmv ^HXBCmv ot ^AQMadeg^ vno voi/ g)€vy6vtmv 
avamidoiuvoi mg ti xoXig ytQO0%mQ^6oito» dXXd t6t€ 17 
phf ot 'A%cuol ^tXoi ysy$v7iiiivoi totg iBXstoig tijfv «o- 
Xi>v ainmv 8iBfpvXa!^v ' cSifrs ot 'AQxddsg ovdiv aXXo 
HQdl^avtsg ^ dijmCavtBg avtmv ti^v %mQav dz^Xd^ov. 
sv^g [iivtoi ix t^g *HXatag iliovtsg , cUad^ofuvoi f ot^ 
IlsXXiiiviagiv^^Xidt Svtag^ wntog naKQotdtriv iiov 
iXd-6vtig xa%aXa(ifidvov0iv avtmv^OXovQOv * {jdij yaQ 
%dXiv 7tQO0BXB%mQff^B0av oineXXijvstg slg f^v tmv Aa-* 
xsdaifiovlmv 6vmjta%tav. insl if fjcdovto td xsqI 'OXov^ 18 
Qov^ sesQuXd^ovtsg av xal ovtoi on^ idwavto sig v^v 
avtmv %6Xiv IlfXXijvfiv si^^^Xd^ov. xfd ix tovtov d^ 
inoXiiikow totg iv ^OXovQm 'AQxdoi ts xdl t^ iavtmv 
navtl dijiip ^dXaoXiyoi Svtsg- SiMsgdi ov fCQo^^av 
inav6avto nQiv i^sxoXwQXVfiav tov^^OXovQov. 

Ot d* av 'AQxddsg ndXiV noiotlvtai aXXtiv 6tQa^ 10 
tsiav sig t^v^HXtv. iistaiv ShKvXXiivi]g xal v^n^-^m 
Xsmg 6tQat07Cfidsvofisvoig avtotg imti&svtai otlHXstoij 
vxo6tdvtsg di ol *AQxddsg ivtxf^^av avtovg^ XiA *Av^ 
dQOfM^og fihv 6 'HXstogiytxaQXogy06MQ attwg idoxsi st-- 
vai t^v fid%^v 6wdifai^ airtbg avtov iiitp^siQsv' ot i* 



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162 L I B. VII. C A P. IV. 

&Xloi Big v^ xoXtv a7S€xci(fi]6av. axf^avs 9h iv tavt^ 
ty lidxy 3taQayev6(ievog nal SmKXBCiag 6 Uxaftvdtijff' 
^dri yaq totB ot AaxBSat^ovtot 6v^pLa%ot totg 'HkBiot^ 

^fjfUxv. TUBioiiBvoi dh ofHkBtbL iv tfj iavtdSv j '^l^iovv 
%al tovg Aa9tBSac(iovlovg 7ti(ixovtBg ngicfiBig iniatpar- 
VBVBiv tolg 'AQica6i, vofiiiovtBgovtmg av (idXi6ta aMO^ 
Accfi^ totfg 'AQKaSagj b{ dfi^otBQeod^Bv nokBiifOtvto. 
TuA hitovtov Sri 'AQxiSapkog etQatBvstai iiBtd tcSv 7to- 
Ac^rcot»^ xfiA HcctalafifidvBL KQ(dpvov, xaxaXmmv S' ip 
avt^ gfQOVQav tAv SciSsxa Xoxg^v tQsfi^ ovtiog &r' of- 

21 mv mrBxoiQffiBV. ol fiivtoi 'AQKdSsg^ meiCBQ^ itvffiv 
iHyV^sig^HXtv&cQatBiag cwstX^By^ivoi^ fiofid^avtsg 
nBQtB9tafl^ca€i)6vt6v KQm^vovSinK^ 6ttcvQm(£avt\ xat' 
iv^do^XstovTs^inoX^t&Qxov^v tovg Si^ tm KQcS^of. x^ 
XmcSg Si ^ ttov^AtcxsSaviiovitov kdXit g)^i^v6ct i^A t^ 
TCOjHwQifUa tiSv noXttmif, iknifNtBt 6tQatidv' '^ysVto 
&Maht6t», 'AQxlSa^. iMmv Sh iSyov xal ttjg IdQ^ 
xaiSiaff 60» i&6vato feal f^g ZxtQittSbg^ xal ndvta 
inofsponcog^ siS^atto^ dnaydyot tovg noXtoQxovv- 
tag. ol Sh *AQxdS^g ovSiv tt fMXXovixtvoihto , d^XXa 

23 tama ndvta naQBcoQmv. xaxtSmv Si tvua Xofpov 6 'Aq^ 
XjiSufiogj di' ov TO Igai 6tavQc:^ita nsQts^fiXrivto o6 
'AQxdSsg^ ivdfbt6^v iksti/ av toiHtoVy xal si tovton 
xfm^si9Vy oix dv S^a6dta (isvstv to^g vno toikov 
TioXifOfxovwag. xi^XmShnsQtdyovtogavtovinltovvo 
to xoiQiov^ mgdSwol nQo^tdovtsg tov *AQxtSd(iov nsX- 
xaaicai txavg iTUCQttovg i^m toi^ 6tavQci(iatog , inttl- 
^svtmt avtetg^ xtd^ot innstg 6WSfifidXXstv iit^mvto. 
oi &' ovxivixXivav^ AXXd owtstayftByot '^^vxiav d- 
Xfi». oi 4' ccv^ndXmr ivifiaXov. insl i^ oiSh tots iv^KXt- 
tw, aXXd xal in^6avj riSn ov6ijg noXXi^ xQavyyig^ 
ijSo4f97i S^ Xid aitog^ o ^AQXiSautogy ixxQanofLSvog^tV' 



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LIB. VII. CAP. IV. aSS 

ta xr^v hd KqcSiwov g>SQ0VfJav a^a|iToV, eigdvo aymvj 
&6mQ i%vy%avsv ixov. cog S ' inXrioiMav aXli^Xoigy of 28 
(i^v cvv t^^AQXvda^p xata xiQccg, Sts xad^ odov no- 
Qsvdiievoi^ ot d* ^AQHadsg ad^ooi 6wa6Jtidovvtsg , iv 
tovt^ oifxiti idvvavto ot Aaxs&amoviM dvtsxsiv t(p 
t(DV ^AfwidmvnX^Uy&Xka taxv f»hf 6 *AQxi^a(iog iti- 
tQmo tw fifjQov diapncd^ , taxi>^ dh ol lutxo^svoi, kqo 
ofitw dTti&vfi^xov^ JJokvat^vidag ts xal Xikmv 6 ti^v 
iitXp^ rot; 'AQXi^ddfiov ixav^ xalotwvteg 6h avtmv 
%otM daci^vQv ovx ikattov xmv tQidtcovta. mg Sh xor- 24 
%d tifv oiov dvaxcH^vvtsg si^ t^v svQvxc9Qiav iifjk" 
^w^ivtav^ ifl Aimtdac^sow^ dvtmoQietd^vto, xai 
luqv o£ 'AQ/xdSiMgy S^^bq sljpvj iSvvtatayfAivoir.sa%aaaVj 
xal ^dnf^t fkhi^i^LsAcovtOy sv^iidtsQov Sihttokv slxov, 
iscsk^tf^civsg^ i^Xf^QoifiJt^ xal avdQag dmxtovotagf 
9£ S^AaxMiaip4vcoc* ^dkcu a^fMOsi <^^ tstQ£ih(^vov 
likv oQfSvtsg roi; ^AQxiSapov, dxrjxootsg Sh td ovoimxa 
tmv ts^vfixotmi^ dvdQcSv. ta d^dj^ xal ax^^iov rcoi; 
izMpavsa%dt^tK mg^ $k ^kficiov oi^nDif dvafiospSag Tig25 
%mvn%B0^iQcw ^^ TLSsHiiifig^ i av^Q^gf v^fdx^ 
«'&««, dkK o%t cijcst4iai/iiv(^vg, duic^t^^iu; aansvot S^ 
di/i,^otMQoi dmv0avxsg ii^nsi^mno. xat ot (khv Aaxs^ 
icu{c6vu)i^ XQvgi vsxQovg dvskofisvoc aTCfikd^ov , ot S* 
^AQxdSsg i7cavaxc9QiJ6avt£g iv^cc r^ TCffchov ^Q^avto 
huii^ai, tQMcuov iotiiaavto. 

'&g Sh ot ^AQxdSsg icbql roi/ K^QmyLVOv ^aav^ ot ix 26 
tij^ iCQksQ9^ *HksU}i iCQdtov iilv Idvtsg iscl ttfv Ilvkov 
z^SQctvyxdvovai totg Ilvkioig djcoxsxQOviiivoig ix t&v 
Saka{i4ov. xaVnQOi^skcivvovxi^g ot tzTCstg tcov^Hksic^v 
fli^ slSov a^ov^, Qvx if/i,ikkrfic^y ikX svd^g iiipdk" 
tov0Cj xaLtQvg nkv dicoxxivvvaci.v , ot Si tcvsg avtmv 
xatafpsvyovoiv isA yi^koqiov, izsl ^ivtoi '^d-ov otns^ 



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Si64 LI^ ¥11. CAT. IV. 

toi^ inxomovet xal tovg ini tm Adipcny uai tovg ^ 
aitov inixtBivttv^ tovq d\ xal t^tftas ilafioviyyvg 
diaKooimv, TtaL 060i fuv ^ivoi, '^iSav avtmv , a^eidovtOy 
06ot dl q^vyddegj iaci6q>attov. fista Sh tavta tovg ta 
IlvXiovg^ ^ ovdslg avtotg ifioi^^ei^ ovv ainm ir«5 %c^ 

27 qI^ atQOvOi^ %al tovgMagyaviag avaXaftfiavov^t. iuA 
/f^ ot Aaxsdaiftoviot votsgov av iX&ovtsg wxtog ifA 
tov KgdS^vov imxpatoihft tov 0tavQmfMictog tov xata 
tovg ^Aqysiovg xal tovg niyXioQHOVfikivovg tmv Aoms^ 
daifioviavsvdifgil^sicaXow. Soot ^ihv ovv fyyvtata te 
itiiyxavov ovtsg xal mltvXdfi^^aVy il^X^ov • oxoifovg dh 
ig>^a6av noXXol tSv ^AQxddmv ffvftfioijdijifavtsg, an&-' 
xXdif^rtav ivdov xal Xvitp^ivttg Stsvsftiid^oav' xtd 
Si/ iiiv ^igog iXafiov ^Aifystoi^ hf Sh 9^fia^t^ hf d% *Aq^ 
xdSsg^ Th Sh Ms66ifi/ioL ot Sh 6iipi,%avtsg Xfifp^ivts^ 
Sitagxiatmvts xal nsQvoixmv nXsiovsgtmvixatdviyi^ 
vovto. 

28 ^Ensiys (ii^v ol*AgxdSsg i^xoXa^av dxo tov Kgci^ 
ftvoVj ledXiv Sr^ tcsqX tovg ^HXsiovg sl%ov^ xal tijv ts 
OXviiJtiav iQQmfisviotSQOv ig)Q0VQ0w^ xal hu6vtog 
^OXviimaxov itovg itaQSfJxsvdtovto novstvtaOXvfLnia 
iSvv Tlicdtaig totg TCQmtoig tpd^xovci JtQ06t^vat toil 
IsQov, ixsl S^ o ts fifiv 7IXSV iv m ta ^OXvftma yiyvstat 
al ts iipkiQai, iv alg ^ xavti^Qig i^Qoiistai, ivtav^ 
S^ ol ^HXstot ix tov (pavsQov (Sv6xsva6dfLSvot xal na- 
Qaxals6avtsg ^A^atovg iytOQSVovto ti{v ^OXvftxtaxrjv 

20 SSov. ii Ss ^AQxdSsg ixsivovg (ihv ovx Sv nots ^ovto 
iXd^stv inl 6q>ag^ avtol Sh 0vv Iltodtatg Ststid^s^av t^ 
navTJyVQtv. xal triv fikv tnxoSQOftiav ^Si^ insnotifxs- 
oav xal td SQOfttxd tov nsvtdd^Xov • ot J* slg ndXijv 
aq)tx6ftsvot ovxitt iv tm SQOfnp^ aXXd fLsra\v to^ Sq6-^ 
ftov xa\ tov fimftov indXatov. ot y&Q *HXstbt avv tot^ 



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LlB. YH. CAP. lY. 265 

onAois«aQf^6mvfj8iiftist0tdpteifoS' otdyAf^xmdBgxoi^ 
Qmiffm yAv ovk axiivnioavj hA di rov KXtcidov no-* 
rofiov mpmr&rvro, ognnffax^v^^AktivxaxaQQinvBlg 
tov^Al^iov dfifiaAXH. ml ifvfiiMCxoi dh xaQtjaav avtotg, 
6nXHa$ fth^ 'AQysimv sig diOxiXiwSy 'A&tivaiov dl In-- 
n8{gnsQlt9tQ€mo0iovg. Kalfi^vo[*HXBUHtaxlf^dt^30 
Qa tovfcotanov MQstdJ^avtOjOq^ayuiufaftsvot dhsvdvg 
i%mQOWf. xal tov xqo^^sv %q6vov tig ra %oXBp4»d na-* 
tag>Qovovftsvoi^ fiiv vsr' 'AQud&mv xii ^AQysimv^ xata-' 
^Qovovfuvot ih v% ^A%aimv xai j^ipmimv^ Siimg inst- 
vfi ty rmdQtf tmv fthv <Svfi^bd%mv mg aXiu^tatoi ovtsg 
i9>«owro, tovg d^ 'AQxdiag^ toviots ydQ ftQmtoig owi-^ 
fiaXov^ xol Bv^g itQiimvto^ xat ixifioti^oavtaq il 
tovg ^AQysiovg del^^vot nal tovtmv ixQatnfiav. ixA 31 
aivtot naxsiimiavsigto i/kBta^ to^ povXsmfiQtov nal 
tov t^g'EotCag [sqov xal tov itQog tavta iCQo^ijxovtog 
^sdtQov^ ifuixovto (tkv ov^ ^ttov xa\ im^ow XQog 
tov fim^Vj dxo ^ivtot noi^ Otomv ts xal rov fiovXsv^ 
tijQiov x<d rotJ (isydXov vaov fi^cXXofUvoi xal iv rfi 
icoMiif» iiaxoftsvoi, dno^vij^xovoiv aXXot ts tmv 
*HXsimv xal avtog 6 t{$vtQiaxo0imvaQX^&Q<^^oXag* 
tovtmv ii siQax^vtmv iMS%mQiioav sig ro avtmv otQa- 
tousiov. ol ^ivtot ^AQxdisg x(d ot i^st avtmv ovtmg32 
iMs^ofirivto t^ ixioviSav ^fUQav mots ovi* avsxav^ 
aavto t^g wxtdgyixxoTCtovtsg td iums%ov^^iva0xri^ 
vmfiata xal dnootavQovvtsg. ot i' av 'HXstot insl rg 
votsQoiff UQOCtovtsg sliov xtiQtSQOV ro tst%og xal ixl 
rcSv vamv noXXoifg dvafisfirixotag^ dxriMov sig ro 
a6tv^ tOioikoi. ysvonksvoi oXovg t^v aQst^v ^sogitkv 
mv i^nvsvOag ivvaito xal iv 'ifUQSf dxoisliah &v%Qm^ 
xos i' ovi' av iv noXhp XQovp tovg ^ ovtag dXxifU^vg 
woi^stav. 



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966 LIB. m CAP. IV. 

S3 XQWfit^wv 91 %olQ tBQOtQ XQfi(ia0t z&v iv xotg^AQ-' 
xd<nv &Q%6vrfav^ xal dfco tovrov tovg hucifhovg tQs- 
fpovtmv^ nQmzot MuvtimHg axsilniiptiSavto^i^ xQ^^at 
tot$ IbqoI$ xQijiiaOb, Ttal avtol to ynyvoy^vov (idQog Blg 
tovg hcaQtftovg hc ti}g xoXsmg ixnoQUuxvtagdjcim^ 
imv tolg dQxov6iv. o£ dh oQxovtsg^pdoxovteg avtovg 
Xv(jutiv66^ai to 'AQxadiHoVf dvsnakovvto elg tovg ftv- 
Qtovg tovg iCQOi^tdtug enttmv * ml istd ov% vmjxovovj 
xatMxacav avtm^ %dl tovg isaQitovg iiUdMov mg 
a^ovtag tovg nata^enQiifitivovg. ot ftiv ovv Mmvmvstg 

S^nXsi^avteg twg nvAag^ovwiUjspaxta iMVtovg aBsm, ix ih 
to^tov^vd%a dfj n9^ icJUaa rui^ ike^v iv roig (xvQto^ 
mg o4' XQ'^ ^^^i? IsQotg XQaj^a€iL XQV^^^ wdh xawsiU^ 
nBtv Blg tovdA XQovovftotg ncaalv iyxXfifm tovto TCQog 
toig dwvg, mg 8i xai iv t^ xoiva dniSoiB paifeit$ 
X^09^ totg IsQotg XQ^^^^y tuj^ d^ oC phf ovn am 
Svvdii^vov &vev (iiMf^ov tmv inoQitwv ehfm di^sxiovmf 
ot Sh dwdpsvoi naQaneJimfOdftsvoi avti^ xaOictavto 
sig tovg inaiQitovg ^ Smog (Mj avtol in inaivoig^ iA£ 
ixBVvoL inl 0q>iaiv shv* yvovtsg 8k ot tm^ aQXOvtiou 
dtax»x«£pt9»ot«grii tsQd XQ^ftatw^ovi si imootsvsv&i- 
vag^mv&vvsvooisvdnoAeif^aL^ nifonovotv si^ ^Pssg^ 
X9A diddoxovoi tovg Ss^aiovg mg si ft^otQatsv^oisVj 

35xtvdw€v<ro$8v ot^AQxdStg ndkw lan^viam. xai ot 
(ihv noQsaneve^vto mg otQatffvodiisvoi' ol # vi 
XQdttota t^ nsXonow7J<rf> fiovksvipevoi insvaav to 
xotvovudv 'AQHadmv ni(t^vtsg nQ^ffistgstneV^iHa^ 
^hfifie^otg (if^ livat avv SnXoig eigfiiv 'AQxa&iav^ el (tn^ 
tt xa^oVev. xal Spa (ihv tw&te^ nQdg tovg 0^fiaiovg 
IXsfov, Slpm ^ ikoyi^ovto^Stv noXiptov ov^vdiomfVi^, 
w« teydQ SeQo^tafd/kognQoeotdvai ovShv nQoaSs^ 
ad-at ivofitiovj aXJ! dnoStdovteg av xal dtxatotsQtCHmt 



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L I B. VU. C A P. IV. 2(J7 

^i,mtSQtt%oi^v %alt^^B^oiB6%at^kht^v&voikm%a'- 
Qi^sffd^ai, fiovlofidvmv dh ravta xal tav ^kBimv^ idoihv 
afiq>otiQOig slgiivfiv jtoiiJ6a(g^ai * xal iyivovto onovdaL 

rsvofitivmv dh tcSv OQXfav, xol oiitocdvtav ttov te 3C 
aXXmv anavtmv xal. TBysatSv xal avtov rov Sif- 
PcUov^ og hvyfflVBv iv Tayia i%<av tpiaxotfiovg 
bnkltag tAv BotatAv^ ot ^\v ^AQxadsg iv vj Ts- 
yia avtov imxatafisivavtsg idsmvonoiovvto tsxoL 
svdvfkovvto xal 6noviagxalnaidvagmg siQriVfig ysys-- 
vmtiVfig ixotovvto^ 6 th Shjfiatog xal tmv aQ%6vtmv ol 
fpofiovptsvoi tag svdvvag 6vv ts totg Boimtotg xal tolg 
oyboyvmiikocv tcSv inaQitmv xXsiCavtsg tag xvkag tom 
tmv Tsysatmv tsi%ovg^ nifimvtsg hd tovg axfj-- 
vovvtag 0vvsXd(ifiavov tovg fieXti0tovg. msdhixxa-- 
amv tmv ycoXsiov noQdvtmv tmv ^AQxaSmv^ moI navtavk 
siQi/lmiv fiovkofiivmv i%svv^ xolkovg idev tovg #vX^»|tt«^ 
fav^iivovg stvav mms ta%v iikv aAtotg to i§af$mmf^ 
Qiov (M&tw ^v^ ta%v dh 17 9fi(io0iaolxia, mg ikxokXol ot 37 
stoyfi^vov ^aavy sroiUol 8^ ot xata tov ^i%ovg^ ixmmiff 
drfxdtsgj ^tfav S^ ot xal &mttSvnvkSvdtpiairtO' oiisig 
yccQ ovdsvl iOQyvtsto^ oatig ^i^ ^sto a:mk^9%m' amfr^ 
Q^at S^ pidkL&ea inolffis t6v ts ^paXov xcA^tovg 
ftst avtov taika nQdttovtag Sti Mavtiviag, otfe (w&- 
kiiJta ipovkovto kafistv^ dkiyovg ttvag ndw d%ov • Sim 
yaQ to iyyvg t^v ndkiv dvat ifxsd^ ndfneg ^%ovm 
otxafe, inst dl iuiiQa^ip^to xcci ta nmcQayfkiva inai^ 38 
^ovto ot Mavtivst^n, sv%*vg ni^Mfeovtsg 9ig tB ta^&kkag 
^jQxadixdg niksig nQOfiyoQsvov in totg Snkoig dvm 
xalq>vkdttsivtdgnaQ6dovg, xcActitot^ihoStc^gifeoi^ 
ow, xal S(ia nifvipavtsg slg rf^v Tsyiav dn^owo^ovg 
S%ocsv Sv&Qag Movtvvic^v* xak tckf^&kkmv Sk 'AQxddcMt 
ovdiva dfyo^Gv hpa6av ovta dBiie^ai ovts dno^vft' 



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2C8 L 1 B. m C A P. IV. V. 

&MHV ngo Siwi^q. bI Sk nai tivag inmnfhno^ iXsyoi^ 
htuyyiXiovtBs oti ^ teSu Mavtivdm/ noiig iyytH^to i|^ 
f»i|v na^il^Hv $ig ro xo^vov tAv ^AQxadmv onadovg %vq 

}jgnpo6MaXMto. anovcofv ovv 6 Brifkdog^ rjn^QSi ts o,rc 
Xg^ff€Uxo tip m^yfmti. xal a^vi^v navtagtovs avd^g. 
xal tjj wfti^cUif 0vyxali0«g t&v 'A^fHadmv ono^ot ys 
d^ OvvbMbIv ^d^iXfi^aVj anBXoy stto mg ilanatri&Bitf. 
axovoat yaQ hpni mg Aaxedat^6vioi ta bIbv 6vv tolg 
onXoig inl totg oQioig ngodMvai ts liiXXoiBv avtotg 
t^v Tsyiav tnv 'Apxddmv ttvig. ol Sh axov6avtBg^ 
ixBtvov (niv^ xa^sfi yiyvm6xovteg oti iif^vdeto nBqi 
eqtmv^ a^t6av' niptjffavtBg d' sig 0ijpagnQi6fiBig xat" 

40 ifyoQow avtov mg dsiv anodavstv. rot' j' ^Ena^sir- 
vmvdav iqnx^av, xtd yag &VQatfiymv tots itvyxavs^ A^ 
ys&v mg noXv oQdvtSQov notn^Btsy^ ore cwsXdptfiavs 
tovg avigag tj ots a^xs. ro yccQ '^ftmv 9i vyMgsig no- 
XsfMyv xata&tdvtw Vftag avsv t^g ^^ptstigag yvdfLfig 
sipifv^vnoisUfd^Mnmg ovx av dtxaimg nQodo^Uxv tig 
vftmv tovzo xatifiyoQolfi ; sv d^ tffts^ Sfnfj oti ^qft^ xal 
6tQatsv66pB^a sig tfjv ^Apxadiav x(d 6vv tolg ta '^(li-* 
tsQa g>Qovw6t noXsfini^oitBv. 

y, 'Sig dh tavta amfffyiX^ ngog ts to xoivov tmv 
AQxddmv xal xaxd noXstg^ ix tovtov dvsXoyiiovto^ 
Mavttvsig ts xal tmv aXXmv ^AQxddmv ot xfidoftsvoi 
vfjg IlsXomowifOoVy meavtmg 8i xal ^HXstot xai *A%^i^ 
Znt ot €hifiatot dfjXoib slsv fiovXdftsvot mg dad^svsatdtv^ 
tfiv nsXonow^oov shmtj onmg mg Q^ota avf^v xdta^ 
2 dovXcieatvto. ti yaQ 8^ noXsiAsiv ^pk&g povXovtai i} 
tva '^ptHg piivdXXijXovg xaxmg noimpisv^ ixsivmv d' dpk^ 
q^oTsgot dsmptsd^a; fj tiXsyovtmv '^mv ori ov dsoftsd^a 
avtmv iv tm naQOvti naQa^xsvdiovtav d^g iJ^iovtsgi 
ov 8fiXov mg inl rc» xntxdv ti iQydiso^at ^^ptag 0tQa^ 



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LIB. VU. CAP. V. 269 

fiori^^ xsXsvovTtg ^ixoi^v^iffiav i% wd sig Aaxsiai- 
p,ova nQi0^i$ ano t&v i^xaQitmv^ T&xQaKa^vvxBs Aa* 
xeSaiftovtovg^ stfiovkotvto xowg dummXvHVyavtn^ 
ic90t,xatadovXio06(MvottvivJlslox6vvffiov. asglp^iv^ 
toi^ '^sfioviag avto^sv duitgdttovto OTCmg iv f^ iav^ 
t(Sv sxafftoi iffri^OLvto. 

'Ev 0003 Sh tavta ixgdttsto^ ^Bxe^stvmviag ^f^st^ 4 
Bmmovg i%mv xdvtag xal EAfioiag %al Bettukmv %oX- m 
Kovg nagd ts *Aksl^dvdQov xal tiov ivavtCc^v avt^. 
^coxstg fiivtoi ovx i^noXoiid^ovvy Xiyovtsg oti ovv^- 
xai0q>i0LV avtotg shvj sttig itd€^pag totj fioi^stV' 
iit^ aXXovg dl 0tQatavsiv ovx slvai iv tatg 0vv9^xaig. 
6 lUvtov ^naykHViAvdag iXoyi^sto xal ivIlsXoitovvqoca 5 
aq>i0LV vnaQxsiv ^AQysiovg ts xal Msae^viovg xal ^Aq- 
xd&iov toifg td OipitsQa g>Qovovvtag. ^av d' ovtoi 
Tsysatai xal MsyaXoTCoXttai, xal 'Aosatai xal naXXav- 
tistgj xal sttcvsg dij noXsig 8cd to fttxQaits dvat xal 
iv jiioaig tavtatg olxstv ^^vayxd^ovto. i^X^s ^ihv dij q 
6 ETCaiisivcivdag iid ta%imv' iicsl Sh iyivstoiv Ns- 
(lioy ivtavd^a dtitQLfisv^ iXici^cov tovg ^ASijvaiovg xaQ^ 
tovtag XiittfSO&at^ xal Xoyiiofisvog (liya av tovto ys- 
viod-at totg (civ 0q>stiQotg (Jv^cfidxotg sig to iyetQQiOifat 
avtovg^ totg dh ivavttotg stg to stg d^v^tiav ifiTCSifstVy 
iog di avvsXovtt sixstv^ ndv dya%6v dvai &fiPaioig Oytt 
iXattotvto *Ad7ivatot. iv dh trij dtixxQi^ avtov tavty 7 
awfjaav ndvtsg ot 6(iOipQOvovvtsg sig t^v Mavtivst^ 
av. insl (livtot 6 ^Enafistvcivdag^xovas tovg ^A^vaC- 
ovgto yikvxatd y^v noQSvsad-at dnsyvG^xivat^ xatd 
^dXattav 8h naQaaxsvd^sad^at dg 8td AaxsSaifiovog 
fiotjd^aovtag totg ^AQxdatv, ovto Stj dipoQfiijaag ix 
tfjg Ns^iag dq>txvsttat sig f^v Tsyiav. svtvxq ithf% 



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870 LIB. VIL CAP. V. 

ovv ov% av fyc9ys qyijecuiu xiiv 0tQatfiyiav avtp yavi-- 
6%ai * oiSa fUvtoi xgovoCag i^ya xal toX^g iatlv^ ov^ 
div fioi doHat av^p ilXinstv. nQWtov fihv yag iymys 
ixmwn avtov oti to fftQixtonsdov iv tp tsix^c tmv Ts^ 
ytatnv inoiij^atOy iv^ iv a<Hp€d€6tiQp ts^^vij sl iia> 
i&tpaxonedivito %mL t6tg noXBpLloig iv adr^XmiQm o^ti 
nQottono, xal naQacxBvalBC^ai, di^ sttov iSstto^ iv t^ 
mlBi ovti svnoQmtBQOv 171/. tmv 8* itiQmv j|a> 0tQa* 
tonedsvo^ivmv i^ijfif oqoVj etts tt OQ^g inQattsto stts 
ti.^^fuiQtavov. xalii^volo^svogTCQsCttoiyiftmvdvtaui-' 
X€9v slvaiy onots OQoifi xcoQioig nXsovsxtovvtag av- 
9 tovg^ ovx iiijysto inLttd^scd^ca. oqwv dh ovts noUvav^ 
tm nQOifxmQovifav ovds(u'av tov ts XQOvov nQofialvov- 
ta^ h/oyLi^ nQoxtiov ti slvai * sl Sh fiif , avtl tijg nQo^ 
6%sv svxXsiag noXX^^v ado^iav nQO0s8ix^o. insl ow 
xatsiidvd^avs nsQl fih/ v^v Mavttvsucv tovg avtmd- 
Xovg nsqyixXay^ivovg^ [istccnsnno^ivovg 8h ^Ayij0tXa6v 
tsxalndvtag tovg AaxsSai^ovlovg^ xal ^cd^sto il^s^ 
&tQatsv^ivov tov ^AyficiXaov xccL ovta ^Sni iv t^ IlsX- 
^WOy 8su(vonovfi0d(isvog xal naQayyslXag iiystto tm 

10 HtQatsfv^atL sv&vg inl UndQtijv, xal sl (irj KQfig ^sia 
ti/vl fMiQCf nQOitsX^mv i^i^yysvXs tf ^Aynfivkdm nQo6i6v 
to etQdtsvfid^ iXafisv av tfjv noXiv m6nsQ vsottidv nav- 
tana6vv iQtj^ov tiSv dfiwovp^ivmv. insl fiivtov nQo- 
nv^o^vog tavta ^AyriaiXaog i(p^ slg t^v noXiv dnsX" 
^dv^ 8iata^diASvoif o[£naQtiatai ifpvXattov^ xal fidXa 
oXiyoi ovtsg • oZ ts yoQ tnnstg avtotg ndvxsg iv ^AQxa-- 
8icf dn^^Sav xal to isvixov xal tAv Xoxcav 8ci8sxa ov- 

11 ir«M/ ot tQStg. insl 8h iyivsto 'Enafisvvciv8ag iv ty no- 
Xsi tdh/ £naQtiatmv^ onov (ihv ii^sXXov iv ts l6oni8f 
liaxst^d^ai.xal dno tcSv oixLmv fiXijd^&scd^cu^ odx si^-' 
^si tavvQ^ ov8^ onov ys fi7i8iv nXiov (taxstad^ai tiSv 



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L I B. VII. C A P. V. 271 

oUytovTtolXolovtsg* Svd^a 4h t^sovszzsVv av iv6fiii$f 
Toiko XapAv to %(OQiov xatdfiaivB ntd ovx avsfimvBV 
«fe tiiv noXiv. to ys ^^ ivtsv^v ysvofisvov S^ffti 12 
lihf to d^Btov attiaiJ&aty i^66tc 8h JJy&v (bg totg ajco- 
vsvotiiiivoig ovislg av vno^tahi. ind yag riystto ^A^ 
Xida^og ovdi ixcctov i%mv avd^agy ntd diafiag oicsq 
idoxsi ti i%sivx€ilv(ia ijtogsvsto JtQog oQ&iovixl tovg 
avtmdXovg^ ivtav^a dij ot %vq TCviovtsg^ otvsviM%x6- 
tsg tovgjaxsdaiiioviovgy oltA navtl nksiovsg xal xqo^' 
iti tmsQdil^ia %(0(f(a i%ovtsg ^ ovx idi^avto tovgnsQl 
tbv *A(fxida(ioVy aXX iyxXivowfu xtd ot ^iv ngditoi 13 
tmv 'E7ea^siv(6vdova<jtod^6xovaiv * ixslfiivtoi ayak" 
Xo^svoi tij vixy idlm^av ot ivdo^sv xoQQcstiQm tov 
xtciQoVj ovtoi av anodv^6xov0i' nsQuyiyQanto yoQj 
(og ioixsvj vno tov ^siov yiixQi odov vixri ididoto 
ecvtotg. xal 6 ^lv 8'^ ^AQ^tdayLog tQonaiov ts %6tato 
iv^a insxQoxries xal toifg ivtav^a nsdovtag t(Sv noXs- 
(/,t(ov vno0n6vdovg dnsdtdov. 6 4' ^EnafASivcivdag Xo^ 14 
yiiofisvog ott fioti^ipsotsv ot^AQxddsg sig t^vAaxsdat- 
(lova^ ixsivoig fihv ovx iflovXsto xal ndci Aaxsdcu^w- 
vtotg ofiov ysvoftivotg fitd%s(Jdmj aXXcag ts xal svtvxr^ 
x66t^ t(Sv di anotstv%tix6tcyv* ndXtv Sh noQsv^slg dg 
idvvato td%t6ta sig t^v Tsyiav tovg ftiv onXttagdvi- 
naves^ tovg 8^ tnniag insfiifsv sig t^v Mavtivstavy 
dsrid-slg avtSvnQo0xaQtsQ^0at^ xa\ dtddaxenv Ag ndv- 
ta pihv slxog i^of slvat td tdv Mavttvicov fioaxijfiataj 
ndvtag dh tovgdvd-Qcinovg^ aXXcog ts xal 0itov avyxo- 
fitd^^g ov0rig. xal ot [ihv m%ovto * ot d* ^A^r^vatot tnnstg 15 
oQfirjd^ivtsg i^ ^EXsvatvog idstnvonotijaavto jikv iv 
Tiy^f»^, dtsXd^ovtsg 81 tdg KXsanfdg itvy%avov nQoa- 
t6vtsg sig triv Mavtivstav xal xataatQatonsdsvad- 
ftsvot ivthg tst%ovg iv tat^ oixiatg. insl 8i 8^Xot ^aav 



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872 LIB. VII. CAP V. 

nQQ6BXavvovzB$ ot noXdfuovy idiovzo ol Mavuv^ls taiv 
^AdnivaCanf hcximv ^r^Cai^ bI zi dvvatvxo * S^m yoQ 
slvai iud tra po6xij(iata xavta xal tovg igydtccg^ tcoI- 
Kovg 8h xal natSccg ual yBQaitiQOvg tc5v iUv^iQayv 
oHov^avtag 8h ta^a ol ^A^tivatoi iȤori^ov0iVy iti 

16 ovtsg avaQt6tot xal ttutol Kal ot tnicoi. ivtav^a dij 
tovtav av.vqv aQet^v tlg ovx av aya^^alt^ ; oX mcI tco^ 
kv nXslovag OQmvtsg tovg noXsiiiovgy xccl iv KoQcvd^p 
6viftv%ij(iwTog yeysvn^iiivov totg Innevffiv, ovShv tov^ 
tmvV7CBXoy{6avto, ovd^ ott xal ®fiPcUocg oad @^i:rce- 
Xotg totg KQaxi6tocg tnnBV0cv dvcu doHov0iv iiisXlov 
fba%s6^ac^ aXX al6%vv6fLSV0Cj ei noQOvteg iiridiv cd^£- 
lijomBV tovg 6v(iiidxovgy wg ddov td%LQta tovg na- 
XsfUovg^ awiQQaJiiav^ iQovtsg avacdaaa^av Tqv na-^ 

ntQtpav do^av. xal iia%6iiivoc attioc (Jih^ iyivovto ta 
l|fi» ndvta amd^vac totg MavtiVBVOiV^ avtmv Sh ani^ 
^avov avdQsg dyad^y ml aniHtswav 81 S^Xov Sti 
toiovtovg ' o^hv yocQ ovtm fiQa%v onXov sxdtSQOi sU 
%ov p ovx iimvovvto dXX^jXfov. nai tovg (ihv tpiXCot^ 
vsxQOvg ov nQoi^Havto, tmv 8\ noXsiUcnv ^v ovg vno- 

18 6n6vdovg dni8o6av. 6 8^av 'Ena(iHvciv8ag, ivd^fiov^ 
(levog oTt oXiycDv fihv ffiiSQmv dvdyxi^ i60ito dnvivai 
8id iro i^iptuvt^iftQatsia tdv %q6vov^ sl 8h xataXsiifoc 
iQijliOvg olg ^Xds oviipa^ogj ixstvov noXtoQxijao^vto 
vno tmv dvtindXcav, avtog 81 XsXvfiaoiiivog t^ iav 
tov 86^11 navtdna6iv i^otto^ ^ttniivog nlv iv Aaxs- 
8alyixyvi 6vv noXXtS onXctixdi ifn oXiycav^ '^ttrmivog 8s 
iv Mavtcvsia [nnoiia%iifj attcog 8h ysysvrnUvog 8cd tr^v 
slgllsXonowri^ov ctQatsCav rotJ 0ws(JtdvacAaxs8ai'- 
Hoviovg xal 'AQxd8ag xal 'A%aiovg xal ^HXsiovg xai 
^A^hpfoiovg * &0ts ovx i86xst avt^ 8watov slvat dyLa" 
Tlji naQsXd^itVj XoytioiKJva ott sl lihv vtxmij ndvta 



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LIB. VIL CAP. V. 27» 

tavta &vttkv0oito • sl Sh a^od^dvoi, xali^vf^vtsksvti^v 
tiyriCato l^eed^ai ytSLQmfidvp t^ jcatQtSv aQ%iiv nsXo-- 
itovvr^0ov xataXmetv. to [ihv ovv avtov toiavta dia" 19 
vost^d^ai ov icdw iioi SoxBtd^aviia^tovelvai' ^iXotC-- 
^m/ yaQ dv8Qo5v td toi4x.vta Sucvoijfucta • to (idvtot to 
etQateviia naQSiJxevaxevai dg novov ts ^i^dsva dno^ 
xdfivsLv nuqts vvxtog (iijts ^^dQag^ xvvSvvov ts (iriSs'' 
vog dq^dStaeO^ac^ 63tdvid ts td imtijSsia ixovtag o^cag 
nsl^scd^av id^iXsiv^ tavtd ^oi Soxst d^av^aCtotsQa sl- 
vai. xal yaQ ots ro tslsvtatovstaQTJyysiXsvavtotg na' 20 
Qa^xsvdise^-at djg fidxng ^oiuvtig^ nQO^vnLGig ^sv 
iXsvxovvto ol Innstg td xQdvrj xsXsvovtog ixslvov^ iit-- 
syQdipovto S\ xal ol tmv ^AQxdStov onXttat ^onaXa^ d»g 
0ripatoL ovtsgj ndvtsg Si rjxoviavto xal Xoyxag xal /ia- 
XjaiQag xal iXafinQvvovto tdg dcnCSag. iitsl fisvtot 21 
ovro naQS0xsva0^vovg iJ^ijyaysv^ a^ov av xata- 
vo^aat a htolri^s. TtQtotov ^sv ydQj SiSxsQ sixog^ avvs^ 
tdxtsto. tovto Sh TtQdttcyv 6aq)fjvt^stv iSoxsv OTt slg 
iidxniv naQscxsvd^sto • insC ys (irjv ititaxto avt^ to 
6tQdtsvfia <og ipovXstOy tijv ^sv Ctrvtoiiandtrjv TtQog 
tovg jtoXsfiiovg ovx rjys^ ytQog Sl td TtQog saniQav oQrj 
xat avtmiQog tijg Tsyiag '^ystto ' Sats Soi^av xaQsixs 
totg noXs[itotg ^ri Ttoirjcse^av (MixW ^»^^^ '^V W^P9- 
xal yaQ Srj 6g TtQog tp oqsi iyivsro^ ijtsl il^std^ri avtp 22 
i} q>dXay^^ vjto totg wlnjXotg id-sto td oytXa, &6ts slxd- 
6d7j otQatonsSsvoiiivcf. toiko S\ 7totrj6ag iXvas ^kkv 
tmv jtXsC6tmv TtoXsiUcav tr^v iv tatg infxatg TtQog f*a- 
Xrjv TtaQaffxsvfjvj iXv0s Sh trjv iv tatg ayvtd^saiv. istsi 
ys (irjv TtaQayaytDv tovg inl xiQwg TtOQSvofitivovg Xo^ 
Xovg stg [i^itOTtov laxvQov iitoi/rjCato to nsQl savtov 
llAfioXov^ tots tf ^ dvaXafistv naQayysCXag td onXa 'qyst' 

to * ot d' "^TtoXovd^ow. ot Sh noXifiiot mg slSov TtoQa 
XonoDh. Hist. Gr. 18 



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274 LIB. VII. CAP. V. 

doJ^av htiovragj ovdBlg avt^v riovxlav ixBiv hdvvtxtOi 
aXJC ol fikv l^sov iig tagtdleigj ot Sh naQatdttovto^ 
ot Sh Znscovg ixaXivoWj ot di d^ciQaxagivsdvovtOj ndv" 

23 tsg dl nsiOoiiivoig ti fmAAov ^ noiri^ovciv icixe^av. 6 
dl to (JtQdtsvfia dvttxQpQov m6nsQ tQi^ijQri nQOOriySy 
voiitt^y S^V iH^ficLkm^ dtaxoifSiSj diag>^SQstv okov to 
tiov ivavttcDv ctQdtsvfia' xal yaQ d'^ ta ^hv laxvQ^ 
tdtp naQSCxsvd^sto dyciv^so^ai^ to Sh ded-svictatov 
TtOQQio dnistriosv^ sldfig ore i^ttrfi^h/ d^yktav dv na- 
Qd^xoi totg iis^* avtovj ^ci^rjv di totg noXsfitoi^. xal 
fi^qv tovg tnniag' ot ^v noXiii^ioi dvtmaQstdiavto 
SonsQ 6nXix(Sv g)dXayya fid^g ig)sii^g xdliQrifiov ns^ 

24 tfSv aiUnnarv * 6 dl ^Ena(isivdvdag av xol tov tnniMO% 
i(/,poXov laxvQov inonioatOj xal d^nnovg nstoifgaw^ 
ita\sv avtotg^ vonU^cav to tnnixov insl duxxo^fsisv^ 
oXov to dvtinaXovvsvLxrixmg ioso^ai * [idXa yaQ %aA£- 
nov svQstv tovg id^sXi^aovtag ^vsiv^ insiddv tvvag 
q>svyovtag tdiv savtmv oQSfSi' xdl onwg ft^ inipotj^ 
%(o0i,v ot ^A^r^atot dno tov svawviiov xiQatog inl to 
ixofiisvovj xaxiatricsv inl yi^Xog^cov tivmv ivavtiovg 
avtotgxal tnniag xal onXitag^ tpopov povXofisvog xci 
tovtotg naQixsiv mg sl fiori^aoisv^onioQ^sv ovtoi inir- 
xsi0oivto avtotg. trjv[ilvd'^ avfifioXrjv ovtcng inovijaa- 
ro, xal ovx i^sva^ trjg iXnidog • xQati]Cag yaQ g nQoO- 

25 ifiaXsv oXov inolrias g>svysiv to tc5v ivavtimv, insl 
ys yLr^v ixstvog insasv, ot Xomol ovdht^ vixy oQd^tSg ixi 
idvvdadriaav XQV^^^^^^9 ^XXd qtvyovarjg (ikv avtotg 
tr^givavttag qifiXayyog ovdiva dnixtsivav ot SnXttai 
ovdh nQO^Xd^ovix rov XfOQiov ivd^a ^ (Tv/i/JoA^ iyivsto • 
q>vy6vtciiv S* avtotg xal ttSv tnnitov^ dnixtsivav fiiv 
ovd* ot tnnstg dccixovtsg ovts tnniag ovd^ onXitagy 
SensQ Sh 'httdyisvot nsqiO^fLiv&g did tmv tpsvyovtatv 



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LIB. m CAP. V. 275 

noXsf^i(ov dii7tB6QV, xal p^^v ot SfiLnxoi xa\ ol nBXta-^ 
^tal 0vw€vtX7i9c6tBg tots [jtTcevOiv afpinovto (ih/ inl 
tov evovviiov^ (og XQatovvtsg^ ixst d* vno t(ov ^A^y^ 
valmv olnXaletoi avtfSv dnid^avov. 

Tovt(ov dl nQax^ivt(ov to^dvavtiov iyeyivrito ov 26 
iv6iii0av ndvtsg avd^QCDnot icsc^ai,, 0wsXriXvdviag 
yoQ 0xsd6v andofig v^g 'EXXddog xal dvtttstay^iv(ov^ 
Qvdslg oStig ovx ^sto , si iidxrj ^(Jotro, tovg (ihv xQa- 
trjCavtag aglsiVy tovg dh xQatti^ivtag vnrjx^ovg i&s- 
* 6&ai, ' 6 ds d^sog ovt(og inoirjCsv Scts d(iq)6tsQ0i fihv 
tQ6naiov (og vsvixrix6tsg ictijcavto^ tovg dh Cata^i- 
vovg ovditSQOi ixdXvov^ vsxQovg dl diig)6tSQ0t (ihv (og 
vsvixrix6rsg vnocnovdovg dniSoCav^ dp^g)6tsQoi Sh mg 
rittrm^ivoi vno0n6vSovg dnsXdiipavov, vsvLxrjxivat Sh 27 
(pd6xovtsgixdtSQOioijtsxciQa^ovtsn6Xsiovt dQxy ov- 
SitSQOt ovShv nXiov Ixovtsg ifpdvrjtJav ^ nQlv trp; (idxrjv 
ysviad^ai' dxQiCia Shxal taQaxrj iti nXsi(ov iistd trjv 
[idxriv iyivsto rj nQ^Cd^sv iv ty 'EXXdSi, ifiol (ihv S^ 
liiXQf' tovtov yQa(pi6^(o * td Sh fistd tavra t(S(og SXXp 
fMXlj6Si. 



18* 



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INDEX NOMINUM. 



AbarniB prom. II, 1, 29. 
Abydus 1, 1, 6. 6. 11 ; 2, 16. II, 1, 

18. in, 1, 9. IV, 8. 3. 6. 6. 32. V, 

1, 25. Abydeni II, 1, 18. IV, 8, 

36. 37. 39. Abydene IV, 8, 35. 
Academia II, 2, 8. VI, 5, 49. 
Acanthns V, 2, 11; 3, 6. Acan- 

thii V, 2, 23. 
Acarnanes IV, 2, 17; 6, 1, 3. 11. 

13; 7,1. VI, 6, 23. 
Acarnania VI, 2, 37. 
Achaei I, 2, 18. IH, 2, 26. IV, 

2, 18; 6,1. 8.12.13; 7,1. VI, 4, 

18; 6, 7. Vn, l,4l8q. 4, 17. 

28. 30; 5, 1. 18. 
Achaia m, 2, 23. IV, 8, 10. 23. 

VI, 2, 3. Vn, 1, 41 sq. 
Achaici Phthiae montes IV, 3, 9. 
Achillenm m, 2, 17. IV, 8, 17. 
Acrisins Sicyonius Vn, 1, 45. 
Acrocorinthus IV, 4, 4. 
Acrorii m, 2, 80. IV, 2, 16. VII, 

4,14. 
Adeas Sicyonins VII, 1, 46. 
Adimantus Athen. I, 4, 21 ; 7, 1. 

n, 1, 30. 32. 
Aegae IV, 8, 6. 
Aegina II, 2, 19. V, 1, 1 sq. Aegine- 

taell,2, 3.9. V, 1, 1.2;4, 61. 

VI, 2,l.Triobolum Aeg.V,2,21. 
Aegospotami II, 1, 21. 
Aegosthena Megar. V, 4, 18. VI, 

4, 26. 
Aegyptia Larisa, v. Larisa. 
Aeneas Stymphalius VII, 3, 1. 
Aenesias Laced. II, 3, 9. 
Aenianes m, 5, 6; IV, 3, 15. 
Aeoles m, 4, 11 ; IV, 3, 17. 
Aeolis m, 1, 10. 16. 17; 2, 1. 13. 

IV, 8, 33. 



Aeschinea Athen. II, 3, 2. 13. 
Aetoli IV, 6, 14. Aetolia ib.1,14. 
Aexonenses II, 4, 26. 
Agamenmon m, 4, 3. VII, 1, 34. 
Agathinus Coriuthius IV, 8, 10. 
Agesandridas Lac. 1, 1, 1; 3, 17. 
Agesilaus m, 3, 1 sq.; 4, 2 sq. 

IV,1, 1;3, lsq.;4, 19;6;6, 

3; 7, 5. V, 1, 31sq.;2, 3. 32; 

3, 8. 10. 15. 17. 20; 4, 13 sq. 

26. 36. 38. 41.56.68. VI, 3, 19; 

4,5; 5,4.5. 12. 15 sq. VU, 5, 9. 
Agesipolis IV, 2, 9; 7, 2. V, 2, 

3. 4; 3, 8. 18.19. 
Agesistratus Laced. II, 3, 10. 
Agis I, 1, 33 sq. U, 2, 7 sq.; 3, 

3. m, 2, 22 sq.; 3, 1 sq. 
Agrigentum I, 5, 21. II, 2, 24. 
Agyrrhius Athen. IV, 8, 31. 
Alcetas Laced. V, 4, 56 sq. 
Alcetas Epiri rex VI, 1,7; 2, 10. 
Alcibiades I, 1, 5. 9. 10. 11. 18; 

3, 3. 4. 6. 8. 10. 12. 20; 4, 10. 

11. 13. 18. 20 sq.; 5, 16. H, 1, 

25; 3, 42. 
Alcibiades Alcibiadis consobri- 

nus I, 2, 13. 
Alcimenes Corinthius IV, 4, 7. 
Alea Minerva VI, 5, 27. 
Alexander Thessalus VI, 4» 34 

sq. Vn, 5, 4. 
Alexias Athen. II, 1, 10. 
Alexippidas Laced. II, 3, 10. 
Alpheus fl. III, 2, 29. VI, 2, 31. 

Vn, 4, 29. 
Altis Vn, 4, 29. 
Alypetus Laced. V, 4, 5S. 
Alyzia V, 4, 65. 

AmphidoU m, 2, 25. 30. IV, 8, 16. 
Amphium V, 4, 8. 



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INDEX NOMINUM. 



277 



Amphipolis IV, 3, 1. 
Amyclae VI, 5, 30. VH, 2, 3. 
Amyclaei IV, 6, 11. 12. 
Amyntas rex Maced. V, 2, 12. 

13. 38; 3, 9. 
Anaetins Atben. II, 3, 2. 
Anaxibius Laced. IV, S, 32. 33. 

35 sq. 
Anazicrates Byzant. I, 3, 18. 
Anazilaus Byzant. I, 3, 18. 
Andrii I, 4, 21 sq. 11, 1, 31 sq. 
Androclidas Thebanns m, 5, 1. 

V, 2, 31. 86. 
AndromachuB Elens VII, 4, 19. 
Andrus I, 4, 21; 5, 18. V, 4, 61. 
Angenidas Laoed. II, 3, 10. 
Antaloidas Laced. IV, 8, 12 sq. 

V, 1, 6. 26. 28. VI, 3, 12. 
Antondms I, 1, 26; 3, 17. II, 1, 

10. IV, 8, 35. AntandrU 1, 1, 26. 
Antigenes Athen. I, 3, 1. 
Antiochus Athen. I, 5, 11 sq. 
Antiphon Athen. II, 3, 40. 
Antisthenes Laced. III, 2, 6. 
Anytos Athen. II, 3, 42. 
Apatnria I, 7, 8. 
Aphrodisium Megar. V, 4, 68. 
Aphytis V, 3, 19. 
ApoUo m, 3, 3; 5, 5. IV, 7, 2. 

VI, 4, 2. 30; 5, 27. 
Apollonia V, 2, 11 ; 3, 1 sq. Apol- 

loniatae V, 2, 12. 
Apollophanes Cyzicenus IV, 1, 

29. 
Aracus Laced. II, 1, 7; 2, 6; 3, 

10. m, 2, 8. VI, 5, 38. 
Arcades m, 2, 26; 6, 12. IV, 4, 

16. V, 2, 19. VI, 5, 11. 15. 16. 

20—23 sq. VII, 1, 18 sq. 23 sq.; 

2, 2. 5. 8. 10; 4, 2 sq. 18 sq. 

19— 30.38 sq.; 6, 1. ArcadialV, 

4, 16. VI, 5, 12. VII, 4, 85. 40. 
Archedemus Athen. I, 7, 1. 
Archestratus Athen. I, 5, 16. 

Alius n, 2, 15. 
Archias Thebanus V,4,2.6. VII, 

8,7. 
ArchidamuB Agesilai pater V, 

3, 13. 



Archidamus Agesilai filius V, 4, 

25 sq. VI, 4, 18. 19. 26; 6, 1. 

VII, 1, 28 sq. 31 sq. ; 4, 20 sq. ; 

6, 12 Bq. 
Archidamus Eleus VII, 1, 33. 38. 
Archytas Laced. n, 1, 10; 3, 10. 
Aresias Athen. II, 3, 2. 
ArgeusEleus VII, 1, 33 ; 4, 15. 16. 
Arginusae I, 6, 27. 33. 38. 
Argivi I, 3, 13. H, 2, 7. JH, 2, 21 ; 

6,11. IV, 2, 17; 3, 15. 16; 4, 

Isq. 19; 6, 1; 7, 2. 3; 8, 13 sq. 

V, 1, 29 sq. VI, 5, 16. 23. 46. 

60. Vn, 1, 25. 28. 44 ; 2, 1 sq. ; 

4, 11 sq. 27. 30. Terra Argiva 

rv, 7, 4. 
Ariaeus IV, 1, 27. 
Ariobarzanes I, 4, 7. V, 1, 28. 

Vn, 1, 27. 
Aristarchus I, 7, 28. II, 3, 46. 
Aristocles Athen. VI, 3, 2. 
Aristocrates Athen. I, 5, 16 ; 6, 

29; 7, 1. 
Aristodemus Laced. IV, 2, 9. 
Aristogenes Athen. I, 5, 16; 6, 

29; 7, 1. 
Aristogenes Syrac. I, 2, 8. 
Aristolochus Laced. V, 4, 22. 
Ariston Byzant. I, 3, 8. 
Aristophon Athen. VI, 3, 2. 
Aristoteles Athen. 11, 2, 18; 3, 

2,46. 
Amapes Persa I, 3, l^. 
Artazerzes V, 1, 30 sq. 
Asea VI, 5, 11. Aseatae VII, 

5,5. 
Asia m, 1, 3; 4,5. IV, 2, 4. 6; 

8, 5. 27. V, 1, 31. Vn, 1, 34. 
Asine VII, 1, 25. Asinaei ib. 
Aspendus IV, 8, 30. Aspendii ib. 
Astyochus Laced. I, 1, 31. 
Astyrene Diana IV, 1, 41. 
Atameus m, 2, 11. 
Athenadas Sicyonius m, 1, 18. 
Athenae 1, 1, 18. U, 3, 24. lU, 1, 

1;6,7.IV,4, 18.19. 8, 12.24. 

34. V, 1, 10. 20. 28. 36; 4,2.22. 

66. VI, 2, 9; 3, 3; 4,20; 6, 33, 

d5.Vn, 1, 1.23;3,4j5,3. 



yGoogle 



278 



INDEX NOMINUM. 



Athenienses I, 1, 1 sq. 22. 33; 
2, 1 sq.; 3, 2 sq.; 4, 4sq.; 6, 

13 sq.; 6, 16 sq.; 7, 9 sq. II, 1 

14 sq.; 2, 10 sq.; 3,l8q.; 4,21. 
m,l,l8q.; 6, 2. 16. IV, 4, 18. 
19; 8, 12. 18. 14. V, 1, 1. 13 
sq.; 4, 34 sq. YI, 1, 1. 10 sq.; 

2, Isq. 10; 3, 1.20; 4, 20; 5, 

1 sq. 33 sq. YII, 1, 1 sq.; 4, 1 
SQ. 29. 30. 

Attica I, 7, 22. V, 1, 1. 9; 4, 19. 

20. VI, 2, 14. 
Aulis jn, 4, 3; 6, 6. Vn, 1, 34. 
Anlon m, 2, 25; 3, 8. 10. Aulo- 

nitae m, 3, 8. 
Antoboesaces Persa II, 1, 8. 
Antocles Athen. VI, 3, 2. 7. 

Bacchi templum Aphyti V, 3, 19. 

Bagaens Persa m, 4, 13. 

Bendidenm 11, 4, 11. 

Bithyni I, 3, 2 sq. m, 2, 2 sq. 

Boeotarchi m, 4, 4. 

Boeotia m, 6, 17. 24. V, 2, Ift. 

34. VI, 4, 3. Boeoti I, 3, 15. 

n, 4, 30. m, 2, 25. IV, 2, 17. 

18;3, 3. 15;4, 1.2.9.12.5,9; 

V, 1,32; 4, 62. VI, 5, 23. Boeo- 

tiae nrbes IV, 8, 15. V, 1, 36. 
Boeotius Laced. I, 4, 2. 
Brasidas Laced. 11, 3, 10. 
B7zantiumX,l,35;3,2,11.14.15. 

18.20;4,ll.n,2,l.IV,8,27. 

Byzantiil, 1,35; 3, 18. 

Cadmea V, 2, 29. 31 ; 4, 1 sq. VI, 

3, 9. 11; 5, 46. 
Cadusii II, 1, 13. 
Calchedon I, 1, 35; 3, 2 sq. II, 

2, 1. IV, 8, 28. Calchedonia I,^ 
1, 22. Calchedonii I, 3, 2 sq. 
Callias Athen. I, 6, 1. Hipponici 
f. IV, 6, 13. V, 4, 22. VI, 3, 

2 sq. 

Callias Laced. IV, 1, 15. 
Callibius Laced. II, 3, 13. 14. 
Callibius Tegeata VI, 5, 6. 8. 
Callicratidas Laced. I, 6, 1 sq. 
16. 18. 26. 31 sq. U, 1, 1. 



Callimedon Athen. IV, 8, 13. 
Callisthenes Athen. IV, 8, 13. 
Callistratus Athen. II, 4, 27. 

AHusVI,2,39;3,3, 10 sq. 
Callixenus Athen. I, 7, 8. 9. 12. 

14. 26. 35. 
Cal7donIV,6,1.14. Calydoniil. 
Camarina II, 3, 5. 
Cannonus Athen. I, 7, 20. 34. 
Cardia 1, 1, 11. 
Cares m, 2, 15. 
Caria I, 1, 10; 4, 8. m, 1, 7. 8; 

2, 12. 13. 19; 4, 11. 12. 21. 
Carthaginienses I, 1, 37; 5, 21. 

11,3,5. 
Caryae VI, 5, 25. VII, 1, 28. 
Castolus I, 4, 3. 
Catina II, 3, 5. 
Caue IV, 1, 20. 
Cebren m, 1, 17. 
Cedreae II, 1, 15. 
Celtae VU, 1, 20. 31. 
Celusa IV, 7, 7. 
Cenchreae IV, 5, 1. VI, 5, 51. 

VU, 1,17. 41; 4, 5. 
Ceos V, 4, 61. 

CephaUenia VI, 2, 31. 33. 38. 
Cephisodotus Athen. II, 1, 16.* 

Al. VI, 3, 2. Vn, 1, 12. 14. 
Cephisophon Athen. 11, 4, 36. 
Cephisui fl. Atticae II, 4, 19. 

Boeotiae IV, 3, 16. 
Ceramieus Atticus II, 4, 33. 
Ceramicus sinns Cariae I, 4, 8. 

n, 1, 15. 
Ceres VI, 7, 6. 
Chabrias Athen. V, 1, 10 sq.; 4» 

14. 54. 61. VI, 2, 39. VII, 1,26. 
Chaereleos Athen. II, 3, 2. 
Chaerilas Laced. II, 3, 10. 
Chaeron Laced. II, 4, 33. 
Chalcidenses IV, 2, 17. 
Charadra IV, 2, 15. 
Chares Athen. VU, 2, 18. 20; 4, 

1 sq. 
Charicles Athen. U, 3, 2. 
Charmides Athen. U, 4, 19. 
Charon Thebanus V, 4, 3. 
Charopus Elens yil, 4, 15. 16. 



yGoogle 



INDEX NOHINUH. 



279 



Chenionesas Thraciae 1, 8, 8 ; 6, 

17.m,2, 89. 10.IV,2, 6;8, 

6. 85. 39. Ohersonesitae I, 3, 

10. ni, 2, 8. 
Chilon Laced. VII, 4, 23. 
Chius I, 1, 32; 6, 12. 33. 38. U, 

1, 1. Chii n, 1, 6. 6. m, 2, 11. 
Chremon Athen. II, 3, 2. 
Chrysopolis I, 1, 22; 3, 12. 
Cinadon Laced« m, 3, 4 sq. 
Cissidas Syrac. VII, 1, 28. 
Cilicia m, 1, 1. 

CithaeronV, 4, 36 s. 55. 59. VI, 4,5. 
Cins I, 4, 7. 
Cladaus VH, 4, 29. 
Clasomenae 1, 1, 10.11. V, 1, 31. 
Cleander Sicyonius VH, 1, 45. 
Clearchus Lac. I, 1, 35; 3, 15. 
Cleas Laced. V, 4, 39. 
Cleocritas Athen. II, 4, 20. 
Cleombrotus Laced. V, 4, 14. 16. 

59. VI, 1,1; 4, 2sq. 
Cleomedes Athen. II, 3, 2. 
Cleonae VII, 5, 15. 
Cleonymus Laced. V, 4, 25. VI, 

4, 14. 
Cleophon Athen. I, 7, 35. 
Cleosthenes Laced. II, 3, 10. 
Cleostratus Argivus I, 3, 13. 
Clinomachus Laced. II, 3, 10. 
Cliteles Corinthius VI, 5, 37. 
Clitorii V, 4, 36 sq. 
CnidusIV, 3, 12; 8, 22. 
CocyUtae m, 1, 16. 
Coeratadas Boeotus I, 3, 15. 17. 

21. 22. 
Colonae m, 1, 13. 16. 
Colophon I, 2, 4. Colophonii ib. 
Collytensis, v. Thrasybulus. 
Conon Athen. I, 4, 10; 5, 16.18; 

6, 15sq. 19.22.38;7, Ln,l, 

28 sq. IV, 3, 11. 13. 8, L 2. 7. 

9. 12. 13. 16. 
Corcyra V, 4, 64. 66. VI, 2, 48q. 

9. 33. Corcyraei VI, 2, 7. 8. 

15. 24. 36 sq. 
Coressus I, 2, 7. 9. 
Corinthus IV, 4, 6. 14. 17. 19; 8, 

15. V, 1, 34. 86. VI, 5, 49. VH, 



1, 15; 3, 2; 4, 4. Corinthii II, 
1, 32sq.; 4,30. m, 2, 25; 5, 
5. 12. 17. 23. IV, 2, 14. 17. 22. 
23;3, 15;4;5, 2. 3. 13.19. V, 

3, 27. VI, 4, 18; 5, 29. 52. VII, 
1, 18.19.20.25.40; 4, 6 sq. 

Coronea IV, 3, 16. 
Coryphasium I, 2, 18. 
Cos I, 5, 1. 
Cranium IV, 4, 4. 
Crannonii IV, 3, 3. 
Cratesippidas Laced. I, 1, 32; 

5,1. 
Cremaste IV, 8, 37. 
Cretenses IV, 2, 16; 7, 6. VII, 

5, 10. 
Creusis IV, 5, 10. V, 4, 16. 17. 

60. VI, 4, 3. 25. 
Crinippus Syrac. VI, 2, 36. 
Critias Athen. 11, 3, 2. 24—56; 

4, 8. 19. 

Crocinas Thessalus n, 3, 1. 
Crommyon IV, 4, 13; 5, 19. 
Cronmus VH, 4, 20. 21 sq. 
Cronium VII, 4, 14. 
Ctesicles Athen. VI, 2, 10. 
Cydon Byzant. I, 3, 18. 
Cyllene m, 2, 27. 30. VII. 4, 19. 
Cylon m, 5, 1. 
Cyme m, 4, 27. 
Cynoscephalae V, 4, 15. VI, 4, 6» 
Cyprus IV, 8, 24. V, 1, 10. 31. 
Cyrus minor I, 4, 3 sq. ; 5, 1. 2 ; 

3, 6, 6. 10. n, 1, 8. 13. 15. m, 

1, 1. Cyri milites III, 2, 7. 18; 

4,20. 
Cythera IV, 8, 8. Regio Cythe- 

ria 7. Cytheru IV, 8, 8. 
Cyzicus I, 1, 11. 14. 16 sq.; 3, 

13. m, 4, 10. Cyziceni I, 1, 

19. 20. IV, 1, 29. 

Damaratus III, 1, 6. 

Darius I, 2, 19. 11,1,8. Dariaeat 

ib. 
Dascylium m, 4, 13. IV, 1, 15. 
Decelea I, 1, 33 sq.; 2, 14; 8,22. 

n,2,7;3,3. 
Delphinium I, 5, 16. 



yGoogle 



280 



INDEX NOMINUM. 



Delphion Phliasius V, 3, 22. 24. 
Demaenetas Athen. Y, 1, 10. 26. 
Demarchas Syrac. 1, 1, 29. 
Demostratns Athen. YI, 3, 2. 
Demoteles Laced. VII, 1, 32. 
Demotion VII, 4, 4. 
Deras castellnm VII, 1, 22. 
Dercylidas Laced. III, 1, 8. 9. 

16. 17sq.; 2, 1 sq.; 4,6. IV, 

3, 1 sq.; 8, 8.6.32. 
Derdas V, 2, 38 sq. ; 3, 1 sq. 
Diagoras 1, 1, 2. 
DianalV, 2. 10. VI, 5, 9. Vn, 1, 34. 

Astyrene IV, 1, 41. Ephesial, 

2, 6. m, 4, 18. Lencophryene 

in, 2, 19. Mnnychia II, 4, 11. 
Digma ia Piraeeo V, 1, 21. 
Dinon Laced. V, 4, 33. VI, 4, 14. 
Diocles n, 3, 2. 
Diomedon Athen. I, 5, 16; 6, 22. 

29; 7, 2, 16. 29. 
Dion Athen. IV, 8, 13. 
Dionjsius Athen. V, 1, 26. 
Dionysius Syrac. maior II, 2, 

24; 3, 6. VI, 2,4.33. VH, 1, 

20. 22. 
Dionysius Syrac. minorVII, 4, 12. 
Diopithes Laced. III, 3, 3. 
Dioscuri VX, 3, 6. 
Diotimus Athen. 1, 3, 12. V, 1, 25. 
Diphridas Laced. IV, 8, 21 sq. 
Dolopes VI, 1, 7. 
Dorieus Bhodius I, 1, 24; 5, 19. 
Dorotheus I, 3, 13. 
Dracon Pellen. m, 2, 11. 
Dracontides Athen. II, 8, 2. 

Ecdicus Laced. IV, 8, 20 sq. 

Eion I, 6, 15. 

Elaeus 11, 1, 20. 

Elei m, 2, 21 sq. ; 6, 12. IV, 2, 16. 
VI, 6, 2 sq. 19. 23.30. Vn, 1, 18 
sq. 26 ; 2, 5 ; 4, 12 sq. 26 sq. 35 ; 5, 
1, 18. Elea m, 2, 23. VI, 2,31. 
Vn, 4, 17. 

Eleusis n, 4, 8. 19. 24 sq. VH, 
5, 15. Eleusinius II, 4, 9. 

Eleutherae V, 4, 14. 

Elimia V, 2, 38. 



EUs m, 2, 23. 25. JV, 7,4. VI, 

2, 3. Vn, 1, 38. 
Endius Laced. n, 3, 1. 10. 
Enyalius II, 4, 17. 
Epaminondas VII, 1, 15 sq.; 4, 

39 sq.; 5, 3 sq. 
EpariU Vn, 4,22.33. 34.36; 5,3. 
Eperatus Laced. II, 8, 10. 
Epeum m, 2, 30. 
Ephesus I, 2, 68q.; 5, 10. 14. II, 

1,6. m, 1, 11; 2, 9. 11; 4, 4. 

7.11.16. IV,8,3. V,l,6. Ephe- 

sii I, 2, 10; 5, 12. 15. Regio 

Ephesia m, 2, 14. 
Ephialtes IV, 8j 24. 
EpicydidasLac. IV, 2, 2. V, 4,39. 
Epidaurus VI, 2,3. VII, 1, 18.26. 

Epidaurii IV, 2, 16. VI, 5, 29. 

vn, 2, 2. 
Epidocus I, 1, 29. 
EpucialV, 2, 14; 4, 13. 
Epitalium m, 2, 29. 30. Epita- 

lienses 9, 25. 
Erasinides Athen. 1,5,16; 6, 16 

29. 7, 2. 29. 
Erasistratus Athen. n, 3, 2. 
Eratosthenes Athen. II, 3, 2. 
Eretrienses IH, 1, 6. 
Erythrae V, 4, 49. 
Eteonicus Lac. 1, 1, 32; 6,26.35. 

n, l,lsq.;2,5.V,l,lsq. 13. 
Etymocles Laced. V, 4, 22. 32. 

VI, 5, 33. 
Euagoras Cyprius 11, 1, 29. IV, 

8, 24. V, 1, 10. Eleus I, 2, 1. 
Eualces Athen. IV, 1, 40. 
Euarchippus Lac 1, 2, 1. n, 3, 10. 
Euboea II, 3, 9. Euboeenses 

IV, 3, 16. VI, 5, 23. VII, 5, 4. 
Eubotas Cyren. I, 2, 1. 
Euclea festum IV, 4, 2. 
Eudes Syrac I, 2, 8. 
Euclides Athen. II, 3, 2. 
Euctemon Athen. I, 2, 1. 
Eudamidas Laced. V, 2, 24. 25. 
Eudicus Laced. V, 4, 39. 
Eumachus Athen. I, 1, 22. 
Eumathes Atben. II, 3, 2. 
Eunomus Athen. V, I, 5. 7. 9. 



yGoogle 



INDEX NOMINUM. 



281 



Euphr^n Sicyon. VII) 1, 44 sq.; 

2, 11 8q.;3, 2 sq. B. 12. 
£aropa m, 2, 9. IV, 2, 6; 8, 16; 

8,5. 
Eurotafl V, 4, 28. VI, 6, 27. 30. 
Eurymedon IV, 8, 30. 
Eoryptolemas Athen. 1, 3, 12 sq. ; 

4, 19; 7, 12. 16. 34. 
Enrysthenes m, 1, 6. 
Enrystheus VI, 5, 47. 
Eutaea VI, 6, 12. 20. 21. 
Euthycles Laced. VII, 1, 33. 
Eutresii VII, 1, 29. 
Euxenus Laced. IV, 2, 6. 
Exarchus Laced. 11, 3, 10. 

Oalaxidorus Laced. m, 5, 1. 

Gambrium m, 1, 6. 

Gaurium I, 4, 22. 

Gela II, 3, 5. 

Gelanor s. Geranor Laoed. VII, 

1, 25. 
Gerastus m, 4, 4. V, 4, 61. 
Gergis m, 1, 15. 19. 21. Gergi- 

thu 22. 
Gnosis Syrac. 1, 1, 29. 
Goneylus Eretriensis m, 1, 6. 
Gor^eum 1, 4, 1. 
Gorgion Eretriensis m, 1, 6. 
Gorgopas Laced. V, 1, 5 sq. 
Graeci I, 5, 9 etc. Graeci in-ez- 

ercitu Cyri minoris m,^ 1, 2. 
Graecia 11, 2, 6 etc. 
Grynium m, 1, 6. 
GyUs Laced. IV, 3, 21. 23. 
Gytheum I, 4, 11. VI» 5, 32. 

Hagnon Athen. 11, 3, 30. 

Halae 11, 1, 45. 

HaUartus m, 5, 6. 17. 25. Ha- 

Uartii 18. 
HaUcnses IV, 2, 16. VI, 2, 3. 

vn, 2, 2. 
HaUpedon Athenarum II, 4, 30. 
HaUsama m, 1, 6. 
Hamaxitus IH, 1, 13. 16 
Hannibal 1, 1, 37. 
HeUcon mons IV, 3, 16. 18. 
Helixus Megar. I, 3, 15. 17. 21. 



HeUespontu UI, 4, 11 sq. IV, 3, 

17; 8, 31. 
HeUespontus 1, 1, 2 sq.; 3, 8, 9. 

n, 1, 21. m, 2, 9 sq. 
Helos Lacon. VI, 5, 32. 
Helotes I, 2, 18, m, 3, 6 sq. VI, 

5, 28. Vn, 2, 2. 
Heraclea Trachinia I, 2, 18. VI, 

4, 27. Heracleotae IH, 5, 6. 
VI, 4, 9. 27; 5, 23. 

Heracleum Aeginae V, 1, 10. 

Calchedonis I, 3, 7. Theba- 

rum VI, 4, 7. 
HeracUdes Syrac. I, 2, 3. 
Heraea m, 2, 30; 3, 1. VI, 5,22. 

Heraeenses VI, 5, 11. 22. 
Heraeum Corinth. IV, 5, 5 sq. 

PhUas. Vn, 2, 1 sq, 
Hercules m, 3, 3. VI, 3, 6; 4, 7-, 

5, 47. Vn, 1, 31. 
Herippidas Laced. m, 4, 6. 20. 

rV,l,llsq.;2,8;3,15.17;8,ll. 
Hermion VI, 2,3. Hermionenses 

IV, 2, 16. Vn, 2, 2. 
Hermocrates Syrac. I, 1, 27 sq.; 

3, 13. 
Hermogenes Athen. IV, 8, 13. 
Hermon Megar. I, 6, 32. 
Herodas Syrac. HI, 4, 1. 
Hieramenes Persa II, 4, 9. 
merax Laced. V, 1, 3 sq. 
meron Athen.n,3,2. Lac.VI,4,9. 
Himera I, 1, 37. 
mppeus Samius I, 6, 29. 
mppias Eleus VH, 4, 14. 
mppocratesLac. 1, 1, 23 ; 3, 5 sq. 
mppodameum fomm U, 4, 11. 
mppodamus Sicyon. VU, 1, 45. 
Hippolochus Athen. II, 3, 2. 
mppomachus Athen. U, 4, 19. 
Hippon Syrac. I, 2, 8. 
mpponicus Athen. VI, 3, 2. 

Phliasius V, 8, 13. 
mstiaeenses II, 2, 3. 
Hyacinthia IV, 5, 11. 
HyampoUtae VI, 4, 27. 
Hypates Theb. VH, 3, 7. 
Hypatodonis Tanagr. V, 4, 49 
Hypermenes Laced. VI, 2, 25. 



yGoogle 



INDEX NOHIMUM. 



LtsonPheraeusYI, 1, 4; 4, 20 sq. 
Iberes YII, 1, 20. 
Ichthys prom. VI, 2, 31. 
Ida I, 1, 25. 

Idaeus Laced. IV, 1, 39. 
narchuB Laced. 11» 3, 10. 
niam I, 1, 4. IlienBes lU, 1, 16. 
Imbrus IV, 8, 16. V, 1, 31. 
lones m, 4, 11. IV, 3, 17. 
lonia m, 2, 11. 14. V, 1, 28. 
lonicae arbes m, 1, 3; 2, 12. 
Iphicrates IV, 4, 9. 16. 16; 5, 3. 

13. 15. 19; 8, 34 «q. 39. V, 

1, 25. VI, 2, 13 sq. 24. 27. 35. 

36. 39; 3, 3; 4,1; 6, 49, 51. 
Isanor Laced. II, 3, 10. 
Isarchns Laced. II, 3, 10. 
Ischolaus VI, 5, 24 sq. 
Isias n, 3, 10. 

Ismenias m, 5, 1. V, 2, 25 sq. 
Isthmia IV, 5, 1. 2. 
Isthmus Corinth. IV, 5, 1; 8, 8. 

Thracius m, 2, 10. Pallenes 

V, 2, 16. 

luppiter Oljmpius III, 2, 22. 26. 
31. Vn, 4, 35. 

Labotas Laced. I, 2, 18. 
Lacedaemon, y. 8parta. 
Lacedaemonii 1, 1, 17 et passim. 
Laconica II, 2, 13. IV, 7, 6; 8, 8. 

VI, 2, 9. 31; 5, 21.24. VU,1, 
25. 29. 

Lacrates Laced. 11, 4, 33. 
Lampsacus I, 2, 15 sq. U, 1, 18. 

m, 2, 6. 
Larisa Aegyptia, Larisaei m, 

1, 13. 16. Alia m, 1. 7. Thes- 

saliae VI, 4, 33. 34. Larisaei 

Thess. n, 3, 4. IV, 3, 3. 
Larisus fl. m, 2, 23. 
Lasion m, 2, 30. VH, 4, 12. La- 

sionU IV, 2, 16. 
Lechaeum IV, 4, 7. 17; 5, 7. 

8 sq. V, 1, 29. 
Lenmus IV, 8, 13. V, 1» 31. 
Leon Athen. I, 5, 16; 6, 16. VH, 

1, 33. 37. 38. Laced. n, 3, 10. 

Salaminius II, 3, 39. 



Leontiades V, 2, 25 s. ; 4, V. 19. 
Leontini II, 3, 5. 
Leontis tribus n, 4, 27. 
Leontidius Athen. V, 1, 26. 
Leotjchidas m, 3, 1. 
Lepreatae m, 2, 25. VI, 5, 11. 
Lesbus I, 2, 11; 6, 12. 26. 11, 2, 

5;3, 32. rV, 8, 28. 
Letrini m, 2, 26. 30. IV, 2, 16. 
Leucas VI, 2, 3. 26. 
Leucolophides Athen. I, 4, 21. 
Leucophrys m, 2, 19. IV, 8, 17. 
Leuctra V, 4, 33. VI, 4, 4; 5, 1. 

23. VII, 1, 355 2, 2. 
Leuctrum VI, 5, 24. 
Libjs Laced. II, 4, 28. 
Lichas Laced. m, 2, 21. 
Locri Opuntii III, 5, 3 sq. Ozo- 

lae IV, 2, 17. Utrique IV, 3, 

15. 22. VI, 5, 23. 
Locris III, 5, 3. 4. IV, 3, 31. 
Ljcaethus Athen. VI, 3, 2. 
Ljcarius Laced. II, 3, 10. 
Ljceum I, 1, 33. H, 4, 27. 
Ljciscus Athen. I, 7, 13. 
L jcomedes Mantin. VII, 1, 23 sq ; 

4,2sq. 
Ljcophron Pheraeus II, 3, 4. 
Ljcurgus Laced. I, 3, 18. 
L jdia I, 2, 4. 
L jsander I, 5, 1 ; 6, 1 sq. II, 1, 6 

8q^2, 2 sq.; 3, 6 sq.;4, 28 sq. m, 

1, 9; 3, 3; 4, 2. 7 sq.; 5,6 sq. 
Ljsander Sicjon. VII, 1, 45. 
Ljsias I, 6, 30 ; 7, 2« 
Ljsimachus Athen. II, 4, 8. 26. 
Ljsimenes Sicjon. VII, 1, 45. 
Ljsippus Laced. III, 2, 29 sq. 

Macedones V, 2, 12. 40. 
Macedonia I, 1, 12. IV, 3, 3, V, 

2,12.13.38. V,3, 18. VI, 1, 11. 
MacedonicuB exercitus V, 2, 43. 
MacistUB m, 2, 30. 
Madjtus I, 1, 3. 
Maeanderm, 2, 14. 17; 4, 12. 

21; 8, 17. 
Malea prom. Lacon. 1,2, 18. M«- 

leatis VI, 5, 24« 



yGoogle 



INDEX NOMINUM. 



283 



Malea prom. Lesbi I, 6, 26. 
Malienses, y. Melienses. " 
Mania Dardan. III, I, 10 sq. 
Mantinea IV, 5, 18. V, 2, 2 sq. VI, 

5, 3 sq. VII, 5, 7 sq. Mantine- 
enses lU, 2, 21. IV, 2, 13; 4, 
17;6,18. V,2,l8q.VI,4,18;6, 
Ssq. VII, 4, 33 sq.; 6, 1, 14 sq. 

Mantinice VI, 6, 16. 17. 

MantitheasAthen.1,1,10; 3,13. 

Maraci VI, 1, 7. 

Marganenses III, 2, 26. 30. IV, 
2, 16. VI, 5, 2. Vn, 4, 14. 26. 

Medea VII, 1, 28. 29. 

Medi I, 2, 19. 

Medocas IV, 8, 26. 

Megabates Persa IV, 1, 28. 

Megalopolitae VII, 6, 6. 

Megara I, 1, 36; 2, 14. U, 4, 1. 
IV, 4, 13. V,4, 41. 65. 68. Me- 
garenses 1,3, 16; 6, 32. Mega- 
rica V, 4, 18. VI, 4, 26. 

Megillas Laeed. III, 4, 6. 

Melanippas Bhodias VI, 2, 36. 

Melanopas Atiien. VI, 3, 2. 

Melanthias Athen. II, 3, 46. 

Meletas Athen. II, 4, 36. 

Melienses vel Malienses IU, 6, 

6. IV, 2, 17. VI, 6, 23. 
Melobias Athen. II, 3, 2. 
Meion Theb. V, 4, 2 sq. V. Menon. 
Melas IV, 8, 7. MelU U, 2, 3. 9. 
Menander I, 2, 16. II, 1, 16. 26. 
Menascas Laced. IV, 2, 8. 
Menecles Athen. I, 7, 34. 
Menecrates Sjrac. I, 1, 29. 
Menon s. Melon Thesp. V, 4, 66. 
Messene V, 2, 3. VII, 1, 27. 36. 
Messenii VI, 6, 33. VU, 1, 29; 

4,27; 6,6. 
Methjmna I, 2, 12 ; 6, 12. 38. IV, 

8, 29. Methymnaei 1, 6, 13. 14. 

18. IV, 8, 29. 
Midias Dardan. lU, 1, 14 sq. 
Migdon Laced. UI, 4, 20. 
Miletas I, 1, 31; 2, 2; 5, 1; 

6, 2. 7. MUesu I, 6, 8. 
Mindaras Laced. I, 1, 4. 11. 14 

•q. 23; 3, 16. 



Minerva I, 1, 4; 3, 1; 6, 1. U, 4, 

39. UI, 1, 21 sq. V. Alea. 
Misgolaidas Laced. II, 3, 10. 
Mitraeas Persa U, 1, 8. 
Mitrobates Persa I, 3, 12. 
Mnasippas Laced. VI, 2, 4 sq. 

16 sq. 
Mnesilochas Athen. II, 3, 2. 
Mnesithides Athen. II, 3, 2. 
Manjchia II, 4, U. Diana Ma- 

ny.chia ib. 
Myrina lU, 1, 6. 
Mjscon Syrac. I, 1, 29. 
Mysi UI, 1, 13. IV, 1, 24. MysU 

I, 4, 7. 
Mytilene I, 6, 16. 26. 38; 7, 29. 

U, 2, 6. rV, 8, 28. Mytilenaei 

ib. 29. I, 6, 22. 

Narthaciam IV, 3, 8. 9. 
Naabates Laced. lU, 2, 6. 
Naacles Laced. VU, 1, 41. 
Naaclidas Laced. II, 4, 36. 
Naapactas IV, 6, 14. 
NanpUa IV, 7, 6. 
Neandrenses III, 1, 16. 
Nemea IV, 2, 14; 7, 3. VU, 2, 

6; 6, 6. 
Neptanas UI, 3, 2. IV, 6, 1. 2. 

4; 7, 4. 6. Gaeaochas VI, 6, 30. 
Niceratas Athen. U, 3, 39. 
Nicias Athen. U, 3, 39. 
Nicolochas Laced. V,l, 6. 7.26; 

4,66. 
Nicophemus Athen. IV, 8, 8. 
Nicostratas Athen. U, 4, 6. 
Notinm prom. 1, 2, 4. 1 1 ; 6, 12 sq. 

OcyllasLaced. V, 4, 22. VI, 6, 33. 

Odeam Athen. U, 4, 9. 

Odrysae IV, 8, 26. V. Thraces. 

Oeatae VI, 6, 16. 

Oeniadae IV, 6, 14. 

Oenoe Att. 1, 1, 28. Corinth. IV, 

6, 6, 19. 
Oetaei I, 2, 18. UI, 6, 6. 
Oenm VI, 6, 24 sq. 
Olontheas Laced. VI, 6, 33. 
Olaras VII, 4, 17. 18. 



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384 



INDEX NOMINUM. 



OlTmpia IH, 2, 26. IV, 1, 40; 7, 

2. Vn, 4, 14. 28. Olympiaea 
yia ib. Olympiacas mons ib. 14 . 
Olympiacus annus ib. 28. 

OlTmpiornm ladicnim VII, 4, 28. 

Olympius luppiter, y. Iuppiter. 

Olynthus V, 2, 11 sq.; 3, 9. Olyn- 
thii V,2,138q.; 3, Isq.; 4, 45. 

Oneom VI, 5, 61 sq. VII, 1, 16. 
41; 2,6. 

Onomacles Athen. n, 3, 2. La- 
ced. n, 3» 10. 

Onomantins Laced. n, 3, 10. 

Opontii Locri, y. LocrL 

Orchomenns Arcadiae IV, 6, 18. 
V, 1, 29. VI, 6, 16 sq. 29. Or- 
chomenii ib. 11. Boeotiae m, 
5, 17. IV, 3, 16. Orchomenii 
Arcadiae VI, 6, 11. 13. Boe- 
otiae in, 6, 6. IV, 2, 17; 8, 
15. 18. V, 4, 36. VI, 4, 10. 

Oreus V, 4, 56. Oritae 57. 

Oropus Vn, 4, 1. 

Orsippus Laced. IV, 2, 8. 

Otys rex Paphlag. IV, 1, 3 sq. 
10 sq. 

Ozolae Locri, v. LocrL 

Factolus m, 4, 22. 
Paffasae V^ 4, 56. 
Palaegambrium m, 1, 6. 
Pallantitim VI, 5, 9. PaUantien- 

ses Vn, 5, 5. 
Pallene V, 2, 16. 
Pamphilus Athen. V, 1, 2. 
Pangaeom V, 2, 17. 
Pantacles Lac. I, 3, 1. II, 3, 10. 
Paphlagonia IV, 1, 2 sq. 
Paralus navis II, 1, 28 sq. ; II, 2, 

3. VI, 2, 14. 
Parapita Persis IV, 1, 39. 
Parium I, 1, 13. 
Parrhasii VII, 1, 28. 
Parus I, 4, 11. 

Pasimachus Laced. IV, 4, 10. 
Pasimelus Corinth. IV^ 4, 4. 7. 
Pasippidas Laced. I, 1, 32; 3, 

13. 17. 
Patesiadas Laoed. H, 3, 10. 



Pausanias rex Laced. II, 2, 7 
4, 29 sq. m, 5, 6 sq. V, 2, 3. 

PeUa V, 2, 18. 

Pellene Achaiae VII, 1, 18; 2, 
18. 20; 4, 18. Lacon. VII, 5, 9. 
PellenensesAch. IV, 2, 20. VI, 
6,29.Vn, 1, 16 sq.; 2, 2.11 ;4,17. 

Pelles Laced. IV, 3, 23. 

Pelopidas Theb. VII, 1, 33 sq. 

Peloponnesus m, 2, 17. 26; 6, 
17. IV, 6, 14. VI, 2, 9; 3, 6. 
Vn, 1, 23; 2, 2; 4, 35; 5, 1 sq. 
Peloponnesii 1,1,6 sq. ; 6, 33 sq 
n, 2, 7;4, 2L29. m, 1,4; 5, 

6, VI, 5, 1. 
Percote V, 1, 26. 
Pergamus III, 1, 6. 

Pericles Athen. I, 5, 16; 6, 29; 

7, 16. 21. 

Perinthus I, 1, 21. Perinthii ib. 

Persae m, 4, 14 sq. IV, 1, 30 
Rex Persarum VI, 1, 12. 

Phaedrias Athen. II, 3, 2. 

Phanias Athen. V, 1, 26. 

Phanosthenes Athen. I, 5, 18. 

Pharae IV, 8, 7. 

Pharax Laced. m, 2, 12. 14. IV, 
6, 6. VI, 5, 33. 

Phaniabazus Persa I, 1, 6 sq. 
31; 2, 16; 3, 6sq.; 4, 1 sq. III, 
1, 9 sq.; 2, 1 sq. 9. 13; 4, 10 
13. IV, 1, 1. 7. 15 sq.; 3, 11 

8, 1, 3 sq. V, 1, 28. 
Phamabazi filius IV, 1, 38 sq. 
Pharsalus VI, 4, 34. Pharsalii 

IV, 3, 3. VI, 1, 2 sq. 
Phea m, 2, 30. 
Pheraei II, 3, 4. VI, 4, 31. 
Phidon Athen. II, 3, 2. 
PhiUppus Theb. V, 4, 2. 
PhiUscus Abjdenus VH, 1, 27. 
Phillidas Theb. V, 4, 2. 4 sq. 
PhUocIes Athen. I, 7, 1. II, 1, 

30 sq. 
Philodices Athen. I, 3, 13. 
PhUasii IV, 2, 16; 4, 15. V, 2. 

9 sq.; 8, 10. 16. VI, 4, 9. 18; 

6, 14. 17. 29. Vn, 1, 1; 2, 1; 

8,1; 4 1. 



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INDEX NOMINUM. 



285 



PhUus IV, 4, 16; 7, 3. V, 2, 8. 

Vn, 1,18;2, 4.6. lOsq. 
Phocaea I, 3, 1; 6, 11; 6, 33. 
Phocenses m, 6, 3. 6. 17.21. IV, 

3, 16. 21. V, 2, 33; 4,60. VI, 
1, 1;2, 1;3, 1;4, 2.9, 21; 5, 
23. 30. Vn, 6, 4. 

Phocis ni, 5, 4. VI, 1, 1; 4, 27. 
Phoebidas Laced. V, 2,24sq. 4, 

41 sq. 
Phoenice III, 4, 1. Phoeniciae 

triremesin,4,l.IV, 3, 11. 
Phoenicus IV, 8, 7. 
Phrixa m, 2, 30. 
Phrygia 1, 4, 1. m, 2, 1 ; 4, 12. 26. 

IV, 1, 1. 
Phthia IV, 3, 9. 
Phyle II, 4, 2 sq. 
Piraeom IV, 6, 1 sq. 
Piraeus I, 1, 36; 2, 14; 3, 22; 

4, 12; 7, 36. n, 3, 11; 4,1.24 
sq. m, 6, 6. 16. IV, 8, 9. V, 
1,9; 2, 33; 4,20.34. 

Pisander m, 4, 29. IV, 3, 10 sq. 
Pisatae VII, 4, 28 sq. 
Pisianaxl, 4, 19; 7, 12. 
Pisias s. Pithias Arg^yus Vn, 

1, 41. 
Pisidae m, 1, 13. 
Pison Athen. II, 3, 2. 
Pithias, V. Pisias. 
Pityas Laced. I, 6, 1. n, 3, 10. 
Plataeae V, 4, 10. 14. 48. VI, 3, 

6. Vn, 1, 34. Plataeenses V, 

4, 10. VI, 3, 1. 
Plistolas Laced. II, 3, 10. 
Plynteria I, 4, 12. 
Podanemus Laced. IV, 8, 11. 

Phliasius V, 3, 13. 
PoUis Laced. IV, 8, 11. V,4,ei. 
Polyaenidas Laced. Vn, 4, 23. 
Polyanthes Corinth. m, 6, 1. 
Polybiades Laeed. V, 3, 20. 26. 
Polychares Athen. 11, 3, 2. 
Poljcharmus Laced. V, 2, 41. 

Pharsalius IV, 3, 8. 
PolydamasPharsaUusVI, l,2sq. 
Poljdorus Thessalus IV, 4, 33. 
Poljphron ThessalusVI, 4, 33 sq. 



Polytropus Corinth. VI, 6, 11. 
Polyxenus Syracus. V, 1, 26. 
Pontus I, 1, 22. n, 2, 1. IV, 8, 

27. 31. V, 1, 28. 
Potamis Syracus. I, 1, 29. 
Potidaea V, 2, 16. 24. 39; 3, 6. 
Potniae V, 4, 61. 
Pras rv, 3, 9. 
Prasiae VII, 2, 2. 
Praxitas Laced. IV, 4, 7. 8. 13; 

6, 19. 
Priene m, 2, 17. IV, 8, 17. 
Proaenus Corinth. IV, 8, 11. 
Procles III, 1, 6. PhUasiusV, 3, 

13. VI, 6, 38. Vn, 1, 1. 
Proconnesus I, 1, 13. 18. 20; 3, 

1. rV, 8, 36. V, 1, 26. 
Prometheus Thessalus II, 3, 36. 
Prothous Laced. VI, 4, 2. 
Protoma(^us Athen. I, 6, 16; 6, 

30. 33; 7, 1. 
Proxenus Syracus. I, 3, 13. Te- 

^eates VI, 6, 7. Pellenensis 

VU, 2, 16. 
Pygela I, 2, 2. Pygelenses ib. 
Pylus EUdis Vn, 4, 16. 26. PyliJ 

ibid. 
Pyrrholochus Argivus I, 3, 13. 
Pythia VI, 4, 29. 30. 
Pythodorus Athen. II, 3, 1. 

Rhamphias Laced. I, 1, 35. 
Bhathines Persa m, 4, 13- 
Rhium IV, 6, 14; 8, 11. 
RhoduB I, 1, 2; 6, 1. 19; 6, 3. II, 

1, 15. IV, 8, 20. V, 1, 6. Bho- 

dii I, 6, 18. IV, 8, 29. 
Rhoeteum I, 1, 2. 

Salaminia navis VI, 2, 14. 

Salamis II, 2, 9. 

Sanui I, 6, 25. 29 ; 7, 30. II, 2, 6; 

3,6. 
Samius Laced. III, 1, 1. 
Samothrace V, 1, 7. 
Samus I, 2, 1; 4, 8 sq. 23; 5, 14. 

18. 20; 6, 2. 16. 25. 88. H, i| 

12;3, 3. rv, 8,23. 



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286 INDEX NOMINUM. 

Sardes I, 1, 9. 10; 5, 1. m, 2, Sphodrias Laced. Y, 4, 15 sq 

11 ; 4, 26. IV, 1, 27 ; 8, 21. Sar- 23 sq. VI, 4, 14. 

diana regio III, 4, 21. Spithridates Persa m, 4, lO.TV^ 

Satyms Athen. H, 3, 64. 1, 2 sq. 10 sq. 20 sq. 

Scepsis m, 1, 15. 19. 20. 28. Stages PerM I, 2, 5. 

Scepsii III, 1, 21. Stalcas Eleus VII, 4, 15. 

Scillnntii VI, 6, 2. Stasippns Tegeates VI, 4, 18; 6, 

Scionaei 11, 2, 3. 6 sq.; 36. 

Sciritae V, 2, 24; 4, 62 sq. Sciri- Sthenelans Laced. II, 2, 2. 

tis VI, 6, 24. 25. VII, 4, 21. Stratolas Elens VH, 4, l6. 31. 

Scolns V, 4, 49. Stratns IV, 6, 4. 

Scopas Thessalus VI, 1, 19. Stromhichides Athen. VI, 3, 2. 

Scotnssaei IV, 3, 3. Stmthas Persa IV, 8, 17 sq. 

Scyms IV, 8, 15. V, 1, 31. Syennesis m, 1, 1. 

Scythes Laced. III, 4, 20. Syracnsae I, 1, 29. 31. V, 1, 26. 

SelinnsI,l,37.SeHnnntiiI,2,8s. 28. VI, 2, 35. VII, 1, 22. 

Sellasia 11, 2, 13. 19. VI, 5, 27. Sjracnsani I, 1, 18. 26 sq.; 2, 

Vn, 4, 12. 8sq. II, 2, 24;3, 6. 
Selyhria I, 1, 21; 3, 10. Sely- 

briani I, 1, 21. Tanagra V, 4, 49. Tanagraei ib. 

Sestns I, 1, 7. 11. 36; 2, 18. H, Tegea m, 5, 7. 25. V, 1, 33; 4, 

1, 20. 26. IV, 8, 3 sq. 37. VI, 6, 9. 16 sq. VH, 4, 36; 

Senthes III, 2, 2. 9. IV, 8, 26. 6, 6 sq. Tegeatae IV, 2, 13. 

Sicilia I, 1, 37; 5, 21. VI, 2, 9. VI, 4, 18; 6, 9 sq. VII, 4, 36; 

Sicnli n, 2, 24. 6, 5. 8. Tegeatis VI, 5, 16. 

Sicyon IV, 2, 14; 4, 1. 7. 14; 5, Telentias Laced. IV, 4, 19; 8, 

12. 19. Vn, 1, 17. 18. 44; 2, 11. 11. 23 sq. V, 1, 1 sq. 13; 2, 37. 

16; 3, 1. Sicyonii IV, 2, 16; 4, 41. 43 ; 3, 3 sq. 

8 sq. VI, 4, 18. VII, 1, 22; 2, Temnns IV, 8, Jb. 

1 sq.; 3, 1 ; 4, 1. Tenea IV, 4, 19. 

Sidns IV, 4, 13; 5, 19. Tenedns V, 1, 6. Tenedii 7. 

Sisyphns dictns Dercylidas m, Tenthrania m, 1, 6. 

1, 8. Thalamae VII, 4, 26. 
Soclidas Laced. VII, 4, 19. Thamneria II, 1, 13. 
Socrates Athen. I, 7, 15. Thasns I, 1, 12. 32; 4, 9. V, 1, 7. 
Sophocles Athen. II, 3, 2. Thebae II, 4, 1. m, 6, 1. 3. V, 
Sophroniscns I, 7, 16. 2, 25; 4, 19. VI, 3, 2. VII, 4, 
Sostratidas Laced. n, 3, 10. 34. Thebani I, 7, 28. II, 2, 19. 
Sparta s. Lacedaemon I, 1, 23; m, 2, 21; 6, 4 sq. 18. 22. 24. 

2, 1; 3, 19; 6, 8. 32. m, 2, 20; IV,3,16sq.; 6, 10. V,l,328q.; 

3, 1. IV, 2, 12; 8, 7. V, 3, 10, 2, 25 sq.; 4, 2 sq. VI, 1, 1; 2, 
11. VI, 4, 16; 5, 23. VII, 1, 23. 1; 3, 1. 9. 19; 4, 3 sq. 10 sq. 
28. 32 ; 2, 3; 6, 7. 9. 20 sq. v6, 22 sq. Vn, 1, 16 sq. v 

Spartiatae m, 3, 6 sq.; 4, 2. V, 2, 6; 3, 4 sq.; 4, 1 sq. ; 6, 6. 16. 

1, 11; 3, 8. 9; 4, 39. VI, 4, 15; Thebes campns IV, 1, 41. 

6, 21. 25. VII, 6, 10. 11. La- Themistogenes Syrac. m, 1, 2. 

cedaemonii passim. Theogenes Athen. 1, 3, 13. II, 3, 2» 

Spartolns V, 3, 6. Theognis Athen. II, 3, 2. 

Sphagiae VI, 2, 31. Theopompns Milesins U, 1, 30. 



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INDEX NOMINUM. 



287 



Theramenes Athen. I, 1, 12. 22; 
6, 85; 7, 4sq. II, 2, 16 sq.; 3,2. 
Therimachns Laced. IV, 8, 29. 
Thermopylae VI, 5, 43. 
Thersander Laced. lY, 8, 18 sq. 
Thespiae V, 4, 15. 20. 38 sq. VI, 

8, 5. Thespice VI, 4. 4. 
Thessalia 11, 3, 4. 36. IV, 3, 3. 

VI, 1, 2 sq. 12; 4, 28; 5, 23. 
Thessali IV, 3, 3. 7. 8. V, 3, 

9. VI, 1, 8. 9. 14. 18; 4, 28. 30. 
Vn, 5, 4. Thessalicus VI, 1, 
3; 5, 4. 

Thihrachns Laced. II, 4, 33. 
Thihron Laced. III, 1, 4. 1 sq. 

IV, 8, 17 sq. 
Thishae VI, 4, 3. 
Thorax Laced. II, 1, 18. 28. 
ThoricuB I, 2, 1. 
Thraces III, 2, 8. 10. V, 2, 17. 

Thraces Bithyni I, 3, 2. Odry- 

sae III, 2, 2. 5. Thracia 1, 4, 9. 

II, 2, 5. in, 2, 9. IV, 8, 26. V, 

1,26; 2, 12.24. 
Thracinm I, 3, 20. 
Thrasonidas Eleos VII, 4, 15. 
Thrasyhnlus Colljtensis V, 1, 

26. Stiriensis 1, 1, 12; 4, 9sq.; 

5,11; 6,36; 7,5.17.31.11,3,42. 

44; 4, 2. III, 5, 16. IV, 8, 25sq. 
Thrasydaens Elens III, 2, 27 sq. 
Thrasyllas I, 1, 8. 38. 34; 2, 1; 

3.6; 4,10; 5,16; 6, 30; 7,2.29. 
Thraustns VU, 4, 14. 
Thria V, 4. 21. 
Thurinae triremes I, 5, 19. 
Thyamia VII, 2, 1. 23; 4, 1. 11. 
ThTmochares Athen. I, 1, 1. 
Thyrienses VI, 2, 87. 
Tigrranes Persa IV, 8, 21. 
Timagoras Athen. VII, 1, 33. 

35.38. 
Timocrates Athen. I, 7, 3. 



Timocrates Laced. VII, 1, 18. 
Timocrates Rhodius III, 5, 1. 
Timocrates Syracus. VII, 4, 12. 
Timolaus Corinthius III, 5, 1. 

rV, 2, 11. 
Timomachus Athen. VII, 1, 41. 
Timotheus Athen. V, 4, 63 sq. 

VI, 2, 2 aq. 
Tirihazus Persa IV, 8, 12 sq. V. 

1, 6. 28. 30. 
Tisamenus Laeed. III, 3, 11. 
Tisiphonus ThessalusVI, 4, 87 

5,1. 
Tismphemes Persa I, 1| 9. 81 ; 
2,6.8; 5,2.8.111,1,3.6.9-, 

2, 12;4, 1. 5. 6. 11. 2L25. 
TithraustesPersa 111,4, 25; 5, 1 
Tlemonidas Laced. V, 3, 3. 
ToroneV,8,18. ToronaeiII,2,3. 
TrachiniaHeraclea, v.Heraclea. 
Tralles IH, 2, 19. 
Tricaranum VII, 2, 1.5. 11 ; 4, 11. 
TriphyJiae urhes III, 2, 30. Tri- 

phylii IV, 2, 16. VI, 5, 2. VII, 

1,26. 
Triptolemus VI, 3, 6. 
Tripyrgia V, 1, 10. 
Troezen VI, 2, 3. Troezenii IV, 

2, 16. Vn, 2, 2. 
Troia IH, 4, 3. VII, 1, 34. 
Tydeus Athen. II, 1, 16. 26. 
Tyndaridae VI, 5, 31. 

Vesta II, 3, 52. VH, 4, 81. 

Xenias Eleus HI, 2, 27. 
Xenodes Laced. m, 4, 20. 
Xerxes II, 1, 8. 

ZacynthusVT, 2,3. ZacynthUS. 
Zenis Dardan. m, 1, 10. 
Zeuxippns Laced. II, 3, 10. 
Zoster V, 1,9. 



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