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joP^r< or^FCSF^^^A^ 

U. S. A. 

JUNE, 1900 

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After several months of tedious work, I present this volume of Douglas 
County Biography and History to its subscribers. Like all local works of its 
nature there will be no doubt criticisms, as it is impossible to please every- 
body. I have endeavored to do the work conscientiously. The biographies 
were all carefully written and submitted in type to each individual and the 
errors consequently reduced to the minimum. Hoping the- book will fully 
come up to your expectations, 

I am yours respectfully, 


June, 1900. Logansport, Indiana. 









Arclisologists tell us that the white race is 
the third, and perhaps the fourth, race that has 
possessed this land. The evidences of the pres- 
ence of the earlier races are not abundant in all 
parts of the country, but sufficient is learned of 
their habits, numbers and power' to lead to the 
conclusion that they dominated the region 
within which the territory of Douglas county 
lies. Robinson Crusoe's unexpected discovery 
of a human footprint upon the sands of his 
deserted island was hardly more startling than 
have been the discoveries of antiquarians in 
Europe within the past twenty-five years. 
Scientific followers of Usher and Petarius had 
placed the various migrations of men, the con- 
fusion of tongues, the peopling of continents — 
the whole evolution of human society — within 
the narrow compass of a little more than forty 
centuries, when the discovery of the geologist 
and ethnologist developed the trace of human 
existence dating back to a possible period of 
30,000 years. Nor are confirmatory evidences 
wanting to show that the "elder man" had 
found a place in the New World. The gold- 

drift of California has supplied abundant tes- 
timony to the high antiquity of man, and 
notably the "Pliocene skull," the popular con- 
ception of which is derived more widely, per- 
haps, from a characteristic poem by Bret Harte 
than from scientific publications. Explorations 
in Illinois, Missouri and Soutli Carolina have 
yielded similar testimon}', and while it should be 
stated that in many cases these evidences rest 
upon the testimony of single observers, and 
that there is not that recurrence of "finds" 
which would render "assurance doubly sure," 
yet there seems no room to reasonabh' doubt 
the presence here of that "oldest inhabitant." 


Descending to a later time, and one prob- 
ably falling within the historic period, the more 
tangible traces of an early race of men are 
found. Of this race, named from the character 
of their remains, the Mound-Builders, the 
evidences are found vastly multiplied, and of 
such a character as to afford means of a reason- 
able conjecture as to their mode of life, their 
advancement in civilization, and final destiny. 


These evidences. llii>uj;:li first accepted witli 
great distrust, liave lieen so amplified and con- 
firmed l)v more recent researches as to leave no 
room for inteilig^ent dissent to the former exis- 
tence of this race. The remains njiim wliicli 
tliis conclusion is hased, "consists." says Mr. 
Foster in his "I've liisloric Races of the Lhiited 
States." "of tnnuili, symmetrically raised and 
often inclosed in mathematical fiii^ures. such as 
the s<|uare. the oclaj^on an<l circle, with loui; 
lines of circumvallation; of pits in the solid 
rock, and ruhhish heaps formed in the pros- 
ecution of their minin.<;' operations, and of a 
varietv of utensils, wrout^ht in stone, copper, 
or moulded in clav." To the uninstructeil mind 
the mounds, douhtless. seem a very slight foun- 
dation upon which to rear the fahric of a 
national existence, and yet to the archaeol- 
ogist they furnish "])roof as strong as Holy 
Writ :" in them they find as distinctive charac- 
teristics as mark the pre-historic remains of 
the Pelasgi. the wall-huiklers of Europe, a not 
dissimilar race in many respects, and one which 
long ago found a ])lace in the realities of his- 
tory; and while they dififer in external form, 
and are scatteretl over a wide scope of country 
— characteristics in marked contrast with those 
of the ahorit^inal race found here in possession 
of the county: yet the scientist finds in each 
mound the never-failing marks of a race 

The widest divergence froiu the ty|)ical 
mound is found in Wisconsin. Here, instead 
of the circular or pyramidal structure, are 
found forms, for the most part, consisting of 
rude, gigantic imitations of various animals 
of the region, such as the hufifalo, bear, fox, 
wolf, etc. : of the eagle and night-hawk, the 
lizard and turtle, and in some instances the 

unmistakable form of man. These, though 
not raised high above the surface, and even in 
some cases represented intaglio, attain the 
largest dimensions; one. representing a ser])ent, 
extending se\en liniKh'ed feet, ;uiil another, 
representing a turtle, ;t body fifty-six and 
a tail two hundred and fifty feet long. The 
significance of these peculiar forms has not 
been determined, but umnistakable evidences 
h;i\e been disco\ered which m.ark them ;is the 
wor kof the same race structures are 
found elsewhere .so numerous throughout the 
Mississi]i])i Valley. 

Tyjiical .Structures are sometimes classified 
with reference to their purpose, as Inclosures 
— 1. for defense; 2, sacred; 3, miscellaneous. 
Mounds — I, of sacrifice; 2, for temple sites; 
3, of .sepulture; 4. of observation. Of the first 
class, the inclosures for defense seem to have 
been constructed simply for protection against 
hostile attack. The locations chosen are those 
best adapted naturally to repel a military ap- 
proach. The inclosure is gained usually by 
a steep and narrow w-ay. requiring the assail- 
ant to place himself at immense disadvantage, 
while the garrison, provided with parapets 
often constructed of rubble stone, could fight 
under cover, and perhaps found in these stones 
his store of anununition. The sacred inclosure 
included within its lines the mounds of sac- 
rifice, temple sites, and sepulture, as all of these 
uses were sacred to the Mound-Ihiilders. and 
yet in the "American Jlottom" where the 
mound system reached its highest dev'elopment. 
the mounds of these classes is not inclosed. The 
mounds of sacrifice, or altars, as they are 
variously termed, are generally characterized 
by the fact, "that they occur only within the 
vicinity of the inclosures or sacred places; that 


they are stratified; and tliat they contain 
symmetrical aUars of hurned clay or stone, on 
which were deposited various remains, which 
in ail cases have been more or less subjected 
to tiie action of fire." (Scjuier and Davis' 
Ancient Monuments.) In relation to this 
later characteristic, it should be said that it is 
not at all jilain that the use of fire was intended 
for cremation. A thin coating of moist clay 
was applied to the body, nude or wrapped in 
cloth, and upon this a fire was maintained for 
a longer or shorter period, but in most cases 
the heat was not sufficient to destroy the cloth, 
sometimes found in a good state of preserva- 
tion. This evidently did not result from a 
lack of knowledge, as cremation and urn 
burial was also practiced. 

Temple mounds are described by S((uier 
and Davis as "distinguished by their great 
regularity of form and general large dimen- 
sions. They consist chiefly of pyramidal struc- 
tures, truncated, and generally having graded 
avenues to their tops. In some instances they 
are terraced, or have successive stages. But 
whatever their form, whether round, oval, 
octangular, square or oblong, they have invari- 
ably flat or level tops," and upon these were 
probably constructed their temples, Init which, 
constructed of perishable materials, have left 
no trace of their existence. This class of 
mounds is not found alon the lage region, or 
that line which seems to mark the farthest 
advance of this people. The principal struc- 
tures of this class are found at Cahokia, Illinois ; 
near Florence and Claiborn, Kentucky; at 
Seltzertown, Mississippi; at Marietta, Newark 
and Chillicothe, Ohio, and St. Louis, Missouri. 
The mound at Cahokia, "the monarch of all 
similar structures in the United States," may 

well serve as a type. When in all its integrity, 
this mound formed a huge paralelogram, with 
sides at the base, respectively five hundred and 
seven hundred feet in length, towering the 
height of ninety feet. On the southwest there 
was a terrace, one hundred and sixty by three 
hundred feet, which was reached by a graded 
way, and the summit was truncated, affording 
a i)latform two hundred by four hundred feet. 
This structure, upon which was probably 
reared a spacious temple, perhaps the principal 
one in the empire, covered an area of about six 
acres, while in close proximity were four 
elevated platforms varving from two hundred 
and fifty to three hundred feet in diameter. 
The great mound at St. Louis reached a height 
of thirty-five feet, and that at Marietta to 
about the same height. 

"Sepulchral mounds," says Mr. Foster 
"consists often of a simple knoll, or group of 
knolls, of no considerable height, without any 
definite arrangement. Examples of this char- 
acter may be seen at Dubuque, Merom, Chicago 
and La Porte, which, on exploration, have 
yielded skulls difTering widely from the Indian 
type. * * The corpse was almost invari- 
ably placed near the original surface of the 
soil, enveloped in I)ark or coarse matting, and, 
in a few instances, fragments of cloth have been 
observed in this connection. Sometimes a vault 
of timber was built over it, and in others it 
was enclosed in long and broad flags of stone. 
Sometimes it was placed in a sitting position, 
again it was extended, and still again com- 
pressed within contracted limits. Trinkets 
were often strung about the neck, antl water 
jugs, drinking cups and vases, which probably 
contained food, were placed near the head. 
Over the corpse, thus arrayed, a circular mound 



was often raised, but sometimes nothing more 
than a hillock." Other mounds have been 
found that favored the theory that many of 
these structures were used for miscellaneous 
burial. Mounds of observation is rather a 
fanciful classification intended to mark mounds 
found on elevated points of land. The authors 
of this classification think that these may have 
been used as platforms on which to build sig- 
nal fires, and such are their elevation and out- 
look that such signals could have been seen at a 
great distance. This theory of special purpose, 
however, has not been accepted as supported 
by any speciol evidence. They may have been 
so used, or simply as an eligible site for resi- 
, rence. 

There is, in addition to these moimds, a 
large number of which are not embraced in 
this classification, which, following Mr. F. W. 
Putnam, whom Mr. Foster quotes at length, 
may be called "habitation mounds." A large 
number of these are described as located at 
Merom, Indiana, and a group of fifty-nine 
mounds at Hutsonville, Illinois, a few miles 
above the former place and across the Wabash 
river. These mounds were carefully examined, 
to ascertain if they were places of burial, with- 
out discovering a single bone or implement of 
any kind, but, on the contrary, the excavations 
showed that the mounds had been made of 
various materials a( hand, and in one case ashes 
were found, which had ])robably been scraped 
uj) with other material and thrown upon the 
heap. In the ancient fort at Merom, in 
depressions found w ithin the cartii works, were 
found striking evidences of food having been 
cooked and eaten there, and the conclusion 
drawn by Mr. Putnam is that these pits were 
the houses of the inhabitants or defenders of 

the fort, who were probably further protected 
from the elements and the missiles of assailants 
by a roof of logs and bark, or boughs. Another 
writer, (Hon. William McAdams, Jr., Ottcr- 
ville, Illinois), in a paper read before the 
American Association for the Advancement of 
Science, at their Boston meeting, .August, 1880, 
says: "There is in this region a ]jeculiar class 
of mounds, that was for a long time a puzzle to 
me. They are usually found in groups of from 
two or three to twenty or thirty, and even more, 
and are generally on some pleasant knoll or 
rising ground in the vicinity of a spring or 
water-course, especially in the vicinity of our 
prairies or level areas of land. The mounds are 
from one to three, and in a few instances even 
four feet in height, and from twenty to fifty 
feet in diameter. One mound of the group is 
always larger than the rest, and always occu- 
pies a commanding position. Sometimes the 
group is arranged in a circle; other groups have 
no apparent design in arrangement. Numbers 
of these mounds can be seen in the cultivated 
fields. Although I have made excavations in 
them, and dug trenches entirely through them, 
I ha\-e found nothing but ashes, charcoal, 
decayed portions of bones of fishes and animals 
partially biuMied, shells from adjacent streams, 
Hint chippings, and in one or two instances a 
Hint im])lement of a rude character. 

"After examining many of these structures, 
I am induced to believe that they are possibly 
the remains of ancient dwellings, made by plac- 
ing in an upright position the trunks of young 
trees in a circle, or in parallel rows, the tops of 
the poles inclining inward and fastened together, 
the whole being covered with earth and sod to 
form a roof, or in the same manner as many 
Indian tribes make their mud lodges; as, for 



instance, the Mandans and the Omahas. Such 
a structure, after being repaired from time to 
time by the addition of more earth on top, would 
finally, by the decay of the poles, fall inward, 
and the ruins would form a slight mound. 
Consant and Putnam describe such mounds 
in Missouri and Tennessee, some of the largest 
of these ancient towns being provided with 
streets and highways. They are also found in 
southern Illinois, Indiana and Ohio. Putnam 
has described an inclosed town in Tennessee, 
in which were many low mounds, or rather, 
as he calls them, earth circles, that he has 
pretty conclusively shown to be sites of the 
lodges or houses of the people." 

These are the main evidences brought for- 
ward to show that the Indian was the author 
of the mound system, and probably describe the 
character of the mounds found in Douglas 
county. On the farm of Wesley Blaase, in 
Bourbon township, some mounds have been 
found, from one of which human remains were 
taken. Other elevations, evidently formed b}?- 
human hands, are found elsewhere in the 
county, but no proper investigation has been 
made of them to determine their relation to this 
race, if indeed they are true mounds. There is 
no presumption against the facts ; but the data 
given are so insufficient as to leave no ground 
to base an intelligent opinion. This region 
was undoubtedly within the range of their 
influence, and doubtless these mysterious 
beings roamed over the place now possessed 
by successive races of red and white men. 


The obvious inquiry suggested by these 
conclusions is, Who succeeded this extinct 
race? To this question science offers no com- 

plete answer. Two hypotheses are entertained 
as to the origin of the Mound-Builders here. 
The one supposes them to be of autothionic 
origin, and that semi-civilization originating 
here flowed southward, and culminated in the 
wonderful developments of the Toltecs, of 
Mexico ; the other supposes them to have orig- 
inated in the South American continent or in 
Central America, and to have emigrated north- 
ward from natural causes, and later to have 
returned to Mexico, driven from their northern 
empire by an irresistible foe, or by a powerful 
political eruption among themselves. Upon 
any theory, the line of their most northward 
advance is pretty clearly defined, and writers 
uix)n this subject generally agree that the line 
of defenses, "extending from the sources of the 
Allegheny and Suscjuehanna in New York 
diagonally across the country, through central 
and northern Ohio, to the Wabash," accurately 
indicates the region from whence attacks were 
made and expected, and marks the farthest 
extent of the Moimd-Builders' empire. But 
what was the character of the foe, what his 
action on the retreat of the Mound-Builders, 
and what his final destiny, is an unwritten page 
of science, for which there exists little data. 
It is a later sugestion that the North American 
Indian may be a degenerate tot legitimate 
descendant of the dominant race, or even the 
Mound-Builders themselves, but there is abroad 
chasm to be bridged before these early races 
can be linked with the aboriginal tribes. With- 
out making any such attempt, however, the 
Indian naturally succeeds this people in 
regular historical order, and, passing over the 
vexed question of his origin, it is sufficient 
that the whites everywhere found him in full 
possession of the country. 


IllOCI^M'llleW]. AND lllS'l"()Rir.\l. 

'I'hc natui-;il lialiitat ni tlic Indian is in the 
tinihcr. and Donj^las county jxissessins;' Init 
little, there are few or no local traditions con- 
cerning- them. The early I'Vcnch cx])lorers 
found tlie tribes of the lllini nation alont^ tlie 
hanks of the Illinois river, wiierc, under I. a 
Salle's influence, they were re-enforced I)y other 
tribes or reiunants of eastern sava.s^es. Suh- 
sc(|uentl\' tlie lro(|ii(iis devastated the ujiiier 
waters of the Illinois. an<l the land was occu- 
j)ied by other tribes, among which were the 
KickaiKxis. The later treaties of the general 
government brought a number of other tribes 
to this \icinity. which remained until the gen- 
eral removal from the state about 1832. The 
grand prairie, however, served only as a great 
hunting ground to the various tribes located in 
the state, and seldotn afforded a site for a vil- 
lage, save in the heavily timbered margin at 
some points. In Dtiuglas county there were no 
such sites, and while there are evidences of 
their having been here, it was probably only 
for the jiurpose of hunting. There is a tra- 
dition that the go\ernment surveyors were 
attacked by a roving band in the eastern part of 
the county, and while it is quite possible there 
is no definite information in regard to it. But 
few of the early settlers saw any here, as they 
had generally left before the date of the earliest 
arrivals. John llammct, who came to Cam- 
argo township in 1830, was visited by a large 
number ol Inch'aus during his lirst winter here. 
Harrison Gill came to Caniargo in the same 
year, and it is related that on one occasion he 
visited a camp of the natives at Hugo, wdiere 
his uncle jocosely informed the chief that the 
younger man was in quest of a wife. The 
announcement created some commotion among 
the fair sex, and there was "gathering in hot 

haste." There was no objection to color, pro- 
vided he could hunt, and so pressing was the 
interest manifested by these untutored maidens, 
that (iill was forced to escape mnler the plea 
th;it he was a ])oor hunter. During all the 
intercourse of the savages with early settlers, 
the Indian showed himself a good citizen, and 
did not exhibit his usual ])ropensity to steal or 
molest the whites in anv wav. 


The oi)en ])r;iirie country of Douglas 
county greatly retarded the settlement of this 
section of Coles county. A few came here 
previous to 1850, but the great bulk of the pub- 
lic lands was occupied by actual owners subse- 
(|ucnt to that date. The first settlement in 
Coles county as origin.'dly formed was al)out 
1824, and subsequent additions to the white 
population found homes at widely separated 
points, from the Cumberland road on the south, 
to Camargo on the north. The original pioneer 
of Douglas county w'as John Richman, who, in 
1829, settled in Camargo township. He was 
a native of Greenbrier county. West Virginia, 
anil came with his father when a lad of sixteen 
years to \'ernu'lion countv, Illinois. The 
journey was made over the tedious roads of 
the frontier in wagons accompanied by a drove 
of sheej), horses and cattle. Here the family 
li\ed on and woiked a rented fai'm for twD or 
three years. In the meanwhile the father, ac- 
companied by a friend, made a visit to the Em- 
barrass timber in quest of honey. Here in 
eight or ten days they secured several barrels 
of honey, and in the course of their rambles 
became so enamored with the country that Mr. 
Richman determined to remove to this region. 



In May of the following year, 1829, the family 
removed and took up their residence a mile and 
n half from the present site of Camargo village 
in the timber skirting the Embarrass river. 
At this time there was not another white fam- 
ily within the present limits of Douglass county, 
and none in Coles north of Charleston. For 
upward of a year the Richmans lived in this 
solitude, wiien they were joined by Harrison 
Gill, and perhaps some six months later by 
Isaac Moss, who settled about a mile east of 
the present village of Camargo. The Indians 
were in the neighborhood for three years after 
the advent of these pioneers, their village 
occupying the present site of Bridgeport. The 
savages came in the fall for hunting, and 
stayed through the winter, and in the spring 
went north to their corn-fields. The first sum- 
naer, the Richmans lived in a temporary camp 
built of logs split in twain, while the male por- 
tion of the family devoted their efforts to 
breaking the prairie, and securing a liarvest, but 
they soon found their team power inadeijuate 
for the undertaking, and resorted to the timber. 
The work of clearing and putting in the crop 
consumed the time until the loth of July, when 
they had the satisfaction of seeing fourteen 
acres planteil in corn. Their next care was to 
provide a permanent shelter from the rigors of 
the winter. Logs were procured and partly 
hewed, when the grim terror of pioneer life, the 
ague, laid seven of the eleven members of the 
family prostrate. For several months the 
family were obliged to give up further work 
on their imjjrovements, and the winter found 
them still occupying the original caljin. On 
the following year the hewed-log house was 
finished and occupied, and still remains a land- 
mark of the olden time. 

Harrison Gill, who may be noted as 
the first purchaser of land in Douglas county, 
was a native of Kentucky, and belonged to the 
family noted in that state. Other branches of 
the family came to Palestine in Crawford 
county about 18 12, and found refuge in old 
Fort La Motte for some time. At the pacifica- 
tion of the Indians, the Ciills settled on the 
Sandy Prairie, but James Gill a few years 
later moved further north and settled on the 
Embarrass, near the northern lines of the pres- 
ent Cumberland county. On reaching the age 
of twenty-one, Harrison Gill found himself 
possessed of a few hundred dollars, and upon 
the advice of his father proceetled to Illinois to 
invest his capital in land. Visiting his family 
relatives in the state, he found his uncle in 
Cumberland county busy in shingling his first 
permanent cabin, and at once engaged to 
assist in completing the job. This done the 
two made a tour northward in search of lands 
for investment. The first point above Charles- 
ton where a settlement had been made was at 
the mouth of Brushy Fork, where Maj. Ash- 
more had begun an improvement. He was 
pleased with the appearance of the country, 
and selected land in the northwest quarter of 
section 35, and the west half of the southwest 
quarter of the same section, in township 15 
north, range 10 east, and at once repaired to 
the land oftice at Palestine, where the entry 
was ])roperly recorded. The patents, which 
are still retained as a souvenir by the family, 
were signed l)y Andrew Jackson, as President, 
on the 8th of March, 1830. Mr. Gill has n(jt 
been a citizen of the county, having returned to 
Kentucky soon after his purchase of the land. 

John Hammet was scarcely second to Gill 
in his entry of land in this county; he visited 



Illinois in 1828, and entered eight hundred 
acres of land north of tlie present site of Cam- 
ergo village, in company with Gill. Mr. Ham- 
met was a native of Virginia, from whence he 
moved to Kentucky, where his son, James R., 
was born. It was not until the fall of 1830 
that he moved to his new purchase. The house- 
hold goods were brought from Kentucky by 
teams of horses and oxen — Mrs. Hammet and 
smaller children coming in a carriage. It was 
November before the family reached the site 
of their new home, and before the cabin could 
be erected winter was at hand. The family 
was therefore obliged to find shelter in a tent 
with a large fire before the opening to keep ol^ 
the cold. The under bed ticks had been filled 
with blue grass seed in Kentucky, and upon 
these the feather beds were placed and drawn 
near the fire. This winter was very severe, as 
was the following one, which is known as the 
season of the great snow, and many of the 
Indians in the vicinity made frequent visits to 
this new addition to the white settlement. At 
the time of the arrival of the Hammets, there 
were only two families of permanent settlers 
in the territory of Douglas county, though 
some squatters had taken up their residence in 
the southern part and who removed soon after- 
ward. The family suffered great privations 
during the first years. No provisions had 
been brought from Kentucky, and everything 
during the first winter was only to be procured 
at a point on the Vermillion river, near the 
present site of Indianola. Their milling was 
afterward done at a still greater distance, at 
Eugene, Indiana, some forty miles away. John 
Hammet died in the winter of 1834, leaving the 
care of the farm and family to his widow, who 
discharged her responsibilities in a way to show 

how great a debt the country owes to its pioneer 

Eli Sargent was a settler in Douglas county 
in the same year. He was a native of Mary- 
land, but had subsequently emigrated to Ohio 
where his children were born. Anxious to 
avail himself of the cheap lands in Illinois, he 
made a journey here, accompanied only by his 
son, Snowden. They left home on the 18th of 
March, and proceeded down the Ohio river to 
Evansville, Indiana, on a flat-boat. Here they 
continued their journey overland, crossing the 
Wabash at Vincennes and directing their 
course to Paris. Mr. Sargent's original inten- 
tion was to seek a location in Buffalo Heart 
Grove in Sangamon county, a point he had 
greatly admired when he passed through 
it, returning from a trip to Missouri two years 
before. Coming through Walnut Prairie, some 
fifteen miles below Marshall, Clark county, 
Illinois, he learned of Walnut Point, on the 
Embarrass river, where Ashmore had made a 
settlement. The favorable reports of this loca- 
tion determined him to visit it, and so pleased 
was he upon examination, that he entered four 
hundred acres here when he returned to Pales- 
tine. The household goods were promptly 
brought forward in wagons, and arrived at the 
new location in April, 1830, Mrs. Sargent 
arriving soon afterward. A wigwam in the 
Indian fashion was the first erected, and later 
the usual cabins which served the family as 
homes for several years. Maj. Ashmore was 
the only settler in this township (Sargent). 
In 1834 Mr. Sargent died, leaving his son, 
Snowden Sargent, to care for his family. 

William Brian, a native of Ohio, came to 
Douglas county in 1834, and entered one hun- 
dred and sixty acres of land in section 18, 



township 16 north, range 7 east. He arrived 
at this point in June and erected a cabin, return- 
ing then to bring his family, consisting of his 
wife and four children. He returned to Illi- 
nois in the following September, and cultivated 
his farm for about a year, when he removed to 
the farm which is known as the old homestead 
For several years he was the only resident of 
what is now Tuscola township. Jacob Taylor 
was probably the first settler in Garrett town- 
ship. Soon after him came James Drew, who 
came to the territory of Douglas county in 

1839, having, with his father, a job to split 
rails for Taylor. Land was cheap here at 
that time, and Drew being only eighteen years 
of age, thought it a favorable opportunity to 
secure a start by entering land. He first en- 
tered eighty acres, borrowing one hundred dol- 
lars of Taylor to make the purchase, and con- 
tracting to discharge a portion of the debt by 
day's labor. He put up a split-log house in 

1840, and lived with his brother-in-law. At 
this time, for thirty miles west in the direction 
of Decatur, there was not a single house. 
Jacob Mosbarger was among the earliest set- 
tlers in Garrett township. He was a native of 
Ohio, settled subsequently in Indiana, and in 
1845 started with the intention of settling in 
Iowa. He found it impossible to reach his 
proposed destination in time to secure a crop 
before the coming winter, and therefore stopped 
here to raise one crop, proposing to continue 
his journey the next season. He was so favor- 
ably impressed with the country, however, that 
he gave up his idea of proceeding to Iowa. He 
first settled in the edge of the timber on Lake 
Fork, and rented land. Two years later he 
settled on Congress land, pre-empting one hun- 
dred and sixty acres, which still remains in the 

family. Nathan Garrett was another early 
and prominent man in Garrett township; he 
was newly married when he came here in 
April, 1845, ^"d began life on a capital of forty 
dollars in cash, and two horses and a wagon; 
he began by renting land until 1852, when he 
entered eighty acres, and has been successful 
in amassing considerable property. Benjamin 
Ellars, a native of Ohio, came to Illinois in 
1835. In 1849 1^^ moved to Douglas county, 
and settled on the west side of the east Okaw 
timber, just south of the Campaign county 
line. The family was one of the first to locate 
in that vicinity. To the west of their improve- 
ment on the prairie there was not a single set- 
tler. John D. Murdock, for whom a township 
m Douglas county was named, was a prominent 
settler in that section of the county; he was a 
native of Ohio, but had made a settlement in 
Fountain county, Indiana, but, dissatisfied with 
the health of the section, he sought a home in 
a prairie country. His attention was called to 
this region in 1853, and in July of that year 
came here to "spy out the land." Pleased with 
the outlook he would have purchased land, but 
did not meet with a satisfactory opportunity. 
On returning home he sold his farm, and in 
January, 1854, returned, coming to George- 
town, and then by way of Hickory Grove, fol- 
lowing the ridge to Camargo. At this time 
he met with a man of whom he bought some 
three hundred and forty acres at eleven dollars 
per acre. In the following April he brought 
his family. A split-log house stood upon the 
tract at the time of its purchase, hut being in- 
sufficient for the accommodation of his family, 
Mr. Murdock prepared a frame house in In- 
diana, and hauled it to his new purchase where 
he put it up in readiness for his family. 



William W. Young came to Douglas county 
in the fall of 1853, and was one of the earliest 
settlers in Newman township. He was a native 
of Indiana, and lived for a few years after his 
marriage on rented land in his native state. 
He then came to Douglas county, accompanied 
by two of his wife's brothers. After entering 
one liundrcd and sixty acres of land he re- 
turned to Indiana, and a year later came with 
his family to the place chosen for his new home. 
On their arrival they boarded for a week in the 
neighborhood, while Mr. Young erected a 
frame dwelling into which the family moved 
directly it was completeil. J. M. Cooley, one 
of those accompanying Mr. Young, took up 
one hundred and si.xty acres on a land warrant 
in November, 1853. B. C. Nelson came to 
Douglas county three years later, and bought 
three hundred and twenty acres of railroad 
land on section 4, township 16 north, range 8 
east. With the exception of one or two fam- 
ilies there were no neighbors nearer than Okaw 
timber, and the site of Tuscola was a wild 
prairie covered with tall grass and resin weed. 

There was nothing in the character of the 
country or in the history of the emigrants 
to this section to lead to the early formation 
of villages or thickly settled communities. The 
pioneers of Douglas county came singly or by 
twds and threes, and I'lxed u])on an eligible site 
for farming, and there pitched their tabernacle. 
Up to the coming of the railroad influence in 
1850, Camargo was the only village even on 
paper, and there was therefore no disturbing 
influence to divert the even settling up of the 
country. Camargo dates earliest among the 
townships of the county in settlement, and 
counts among the early settlers the Richmans, 
Hammets, Gills, Braggs, Watsons and Mur- 

docks. Tuscola claims William Brian, the 
Hacketts, O. J. Jones, J. W. Smith, G. P. 
Phinney, B. F. Boggs, B. C. Nelson and others. 
Garrett claims the Garretts, Otters, Mullens, 
Lesters, Goodsons, Mosbargers, Drews, Howes 
and Ellars. Newman incudes among its early 
settlers Enoch Howell, the Winklers, the Ho])- 
kinses, Cooleys, Ytjungs, Skinners and .Shutes. 
Sargent numbers the family from which ii 
took its name, Ashmores, Gwinns, Reddens, 
Allisons, Maddo.x, Casebear and others. Bow- 
dre claims Isaac Davidson, Breedens, Davises 
and Barnetts. Areola, the Shaws, Henrys and 
McCanns; and Bourbon the Moores, Deharts, 
Weltons, Nelson Shaw, the Drews and others. 
In the latter township are quite a number of 
Germans who came in about 1852 and the years 
immediately following, and in 1864 the first 
of a considerable number of the same national- 
ity generally known by the "Amish,"- a name 
commonly bestowed upon this .sect of relig- 


The country which these i)ioneers has thus 
chosen was a hunter's paradise. The prairie 
and timlier were thronged with game of all 
kinds, and without this the earl}' settler's fare 
nuist have been bard indeed. The first comers 
t(j this regiiin were considerably in advance 
of those pioneer industries which mitigate the 
severities of pioneer life and were forced to 
make long journeys for the common necessities. 
Thus cut off from the natural sources oi supply, 
the pioneer was forced to depend upon the re- 
sources of the country alone, which, even with 
the abundance of game, proved but a meager 
support for the family. Deer were found in 



unlimited numbers, and the first settlers found 
no trouble in killing more than the needs of the 
family required, right at his own door. Droves, 
reaching to the number of a hundred, were 
often seen, and settlers were in the habit of car- 
rying their guns on almost all occasions, and 
seldom returned from any expedition without 
an evidence of the abundance of these ani- 
mals in the shape of a haunch or ham of veni- 
son. Wild hogs served also to vary the frontier 
fare. These were animals that had escaped 
from the older settlements, and, subsisting upon 
the nuts and roots of the woodland, had gone 
wild in the course of nature. They were of a 
long-legged, gaunt species, and kept the timber 
pretty closely. They were no particular dam- 
age or annoyance to the settlers, but furnished 
capital hunting sport, and gave a relief to the 
monotonous recurrence of venison upon the 
table of the settler. Wolves were of the coyote 
species and were found in the open prairie. 
These were of more annoyance to the settle- 
ments, attacking sheep, young pigs and some- 
times cattle. They were miserable cowards, 
never attacking a person, and were hunted and 
killed as a nuisance. They were small and un- 
dersized, making the night dismal with their 
howling, and when overtaken by the dogs would 
fall on their backs and fight much like a cat. 
On frozen ground, and when filled with a re- 
cent meal, they were run down with little diffi- 
culty on horseback, as they seemed to avoid the 
timber and would risk capture rather than go 
into it. Pinnated and ruffed grouse, better 
known as prairie chickens and partridges, were 
everywhere found in inexhaustible numbers and 
furnished a touch of delicacy to the early fare. 
Wild geese and ducks were to be had in con- 
siderable numbers, while in the rivers were 

found some fine edible fish. With this abundance 
of what are even now considered luxuries, it 
would seem at a casual glance that the pioneer 
life was a life of ease rather than hardship; but 
when it is considered that these were the sum 
of their early luxuries, that what we deem the 
common necessities and find so cheap as to pass 
almost unnoticed in our estimate of family 
supplies and expenses, were to the early settlers 
almost inaccessible and the most expensive, a 
great change is wrought in our estimate. Salt 
was more expensive than sugar and more dif- 
ficult to procure. Flour could not for a time 
be procured at any price, and even meal, such 
as is provided to-day, w'as unknown on the 
frontier. And even the variety of game pro- 
vided soon failed to answer the purposes of beef 
and pork. The system exposed to ravages of 
disease, and subject to the trying experience of 
early farm labor, demanded something more 
substantial than this. Nor could all give their 
attention to hunting. The prime reason for the 
presence of most of the pioneers in this country 
was to build up a home and lay the foundations 
for a future competence, and to accomplish this 
the larger part of the community centered here 
had only their hands with which to accomplish 
their mission. It was no uncommon occurrence 
to find men surrounded by this profusion of 
game who never shot a deer, and occasionally 
one who never owned a gun. 


The pioneers who formed the early settle- 
ments in this county were generally familiar 
with the isolation, and inured to the hardships 
and privations of frontier life, but with all this 
the open prairie presented difficulties to which 



they liad liilherto been a stranger. Imomi the 
standpoint of this later day, wlien the a(hii)ta- 
biUty of the prairie has been so abunfhintly 
proven, it seems unfortunate tliat tlie early ex- 
periences of these pioneers led them to cling 
to the timbered portions of the country where 
foul water and miasma aggravated the inev- 
itable discomforts of frontier existence. Life 
in a new country is everywhere subjected to 
the misery of malarious diseases. The clearing 
off of timber or the breaking up of prairie sod, 
involving the rapid decay of large quantities 
of vegetable matter, gave rise to the inevitable 
miasma, w liicli wrought its sure wi irk upon the 
system. Such sickness was generally confined 
l>> the last of the summer and fall. There was 
but little sickness in winter, except a few 
lingering fall cases that had become chronic; 
there were but few cases after severe frosts, 
and the spring and early summer were per- 
fectly healthy. It was commonly remarked 
that when the bloom of the resin weed and 
other yellow flowers appeared, it was time to 
look iiir the ague. The first spring flowers on 
the ])rairie were mostly pink and white, then 
fi>ll(jwed purple and blue, and about the middle 
of August yellow predominated. High water 
in spring, flooding the bottoms and filling the 
lagoons and low places along the streams, and 
then drying off with the hot sun of July and 
.•\ugust, was a fruitful cause of disease, and in 
such localities it was often (juite sickl\-. while 
Ihe higher ])rairie was com])aratively exciupl. 
With these evils the pioneer was generally 
forced to struggle alone. I'hysicians were very 
few, and often so far situated from the scat- 
tered settlements that it took a day's ride to 
reach them. But where they were found within 
practical distance, the urgent necessity for the 

practice of every economy led the settlers to de- 
pend upon their own skill. Boneset, Culver's 
physic (root), and a long list of teas and herb 
decoctions were to be found in every cabin, 
and most of the ailments incident to a frontier 
life were generally made to yield to them. To 
have a severe case of malarial fever or several 
season's run of the ague was expected by each 
new-comer, and none were considered as having 
been fully inducted into all the mysteries of citi- 
zenship until tlicv had iiad the regular malarial 


The early settlers brought with them noth- 
ing but what the necessities of the situation de- 
manded. One wagon generally sufficed to 
bring the family, hcnisehold furniture, farming 
implements and frequently two or three months' 
supplies. It requires no great amount of con- 
sideration to conclude that luxuries, or even 
comforts, could find no place in such an outfit, 
and so the pioneer, after constructing a shelter 
for his family, found his skill and ingenuity 
taxed to their utmost to supply this deficiency. 
It was necessary to manufacture tables, chairs 
and bedsteads before they could be used, and 
some of the most striking incidents of frontier 
life are founded upon this universal dearth of 
ordinary comforts. Hand tools were always 
a part of the load when jKissessed liy the emi- 
graul. l)nt in the absence of these the ax ac- 
comijjished all that was necessary. A section 
f)f a good-sized log, smoothed with an ax and 
furnished with a rough back, or often without 
a back of any sort, and legs, took the place of 
chairs. A rude bedstead was often constructed 
in the corner of the cabin with a single leg, 
the two sides of the .structure supporting the 



rest of the bedstead which was framed in the 
logs. Upon this the bed cord, which could be 
easily brouglit, was arranged, or in its absence, 
deer-hide tliongs. This or simply a heap of 
brush supported the "tick," which was brought 
with the family, and filled with leaves and dried 
grass until the first crop supplied a better sub- 
stitute in the husks. 

The cabin itself displayed the ingenuity of 
the pioneer and the poverty of his resources. 
A log pen, with a single door and window, the 
latter closed with greased paper or left open, 
and the door provided with a simple blanket, 
the fireplace constructed of such loose stones 
as could be found, and the chimney built up of 
sticks protected with a covering of mud ; the 
roof of "shakes" split from a straight-grained 
tree, and held in place by weight poles, com- 
pleted the totit ensemble of the early homes. 
At first there was often no floor but the ground, 
but generally slabs split out from the unsea- 
soned timber were smoothed with the ax and 
made to do good service as a protection from 
the bare earth. When the door was con- 
structed, these "puncheons" served as the ma- 
terial from which it was constructed, wooden 
pins taking the place of nails, and wooden 
hinges, latch and bars serving the purposes of 
the modern builder's hardware. 


These preliminaries accomplished, llie most 
urgent necessity was to secure a crop. The 
plows were crude affairs, strong and serviceable 
but requiring great team power and consider- 
able mechanical skill in the plowman. The sod 
was found tough, not easily "tamed," and very 

uncertain in producing a first crop. So tenacious 
was the turf, that the furrow turned out one 
unbroken strip of earth, and occasionally, when 
not esjiecially careful, the plowman had the dis- 
api)ointment of seeing yards of this leathery 
soil turn back to its natural position, necessitat- 
ing the tedious operation of turning it all back 
again by liand. The expenditure of all this la- 
bor was generally well repaid the first year, if 
the sod became thoroughly rotted, even though 
it produced but a small crop. Oftentimes the 
second and third plowing showed the soil stub- 
born and unkind. Few, even among farmers, 
know much of the labor involved in "breaking 
prairie," unless they have ex])erienced its ob- 
stacles and overcome them. Corn was the 
only crop planted at first, and this furnished 
food for man and beast. A few years later, 
it was a mark of unusual prosperity to be able 
to furnish wheat bread to especial guests. The 
first crop was generally planted by cutting a 
gash in the inverteil sod with an ax, dropping 
in the corn and closing it by another blow be- 
side the first; or it was dropped in every third 
furrow, and the sod turned on it; if the corn 
was so placed as to find the si)ace Iietween the 
furrows, it would find daylight; if not, the re- 
sult of the planting was extremely doubtful. 
Of course cultivation in this case was impos- 
sible, and if the crows and squirrels gave tlie 
crop an opportunity to matiu-e, it generally 
proved a satisfactory return. Later the culture 
of wheat was begun, and with the increase of 
markets lias grown to larger pn>p(irtions. 

Most of the settlers brought in horses and 
cows, but the former pretty generally gave way 
to oxen for working purposes. Hogs and sheep 
were occasionally brought in at first, but gen- 



erally tliey were a later importation. All these 
animals were supported with little cost. The 
wide range of wild grass afforded excellent 
pasture and liav. With tlie range the ear!}' set- 
tlers had, their cattle would put on more flesh 
and in less time than on any other pasture. 
The sedge which grew along the slouglis was 
t'.fe first to start in tlic spring, and furnished 
the earliest pasture. The hent or hlue-joint, 
which was principally found along the sides of 
the slouglis, or, in the vernacular of the pioneer, 
'"between the dry and wet land," was preferred 
by stock to all other varieties, especially when 
mixed with the wild pea-vine. Tliis made the 
best hay, and, as its yield was very large, was 
generally selected for this purpose. But the 
combined ra\ages of stock and scythe rapidly 
exterminated it, so tliat in many cases the 
ground where it grew became almost hare of 
vegetation. The stock and the farmer then re- 
sorted to upland, but before the settlers 
multiplied so as to limit the range of the stock, 
the older and more experienced of the herd 
would go long distances to find their favorite 
pasture, often necessitating on the part of the 
pioneer a Juiiit of several days to recover them. 
The native were scarcely less 
marked for their medicinal qualities. Cattle 
and horses seemed to be remarkably free from 
disease so long as they could find plenty of 
wild grass and hay to feed upon. Horses raised 
upon the prairie were said never to be afflicted 
with the heaves, while honses brought here, 
suffering with this malady, were speedily cured 
by simply feeding on tlie native grasses. This 
advantage, however, was .somewhat offset by 
the colic which this rank grass fref|uently ])ro- 
duced in horses with fatal effect. 


No sooner was a crop secured than the lack 
of any ])roper means to reduce it to the neces- 
sities of the household was made painfully ap- 
parent. So long as the corn was soft, it was 
grated on rude graters, made by punching holes 
tlirough a piece of tin. .\fter it l)ccame hard, 
it was sometimes parched and ground in a cnf- 
fee mill, and at other times poimded in a rudely 
constructed mortar. A stump was hollowed 
out by burning and scraping to serve as a 
mortar. ()\-cr this was suspended from a 
"sweep" a pestle, to the end of which was fixed 
an iron wedge, and with this rude machinery 
bushels of corn were broken sufiiciently fine to 
use in the various ways common to pioneer 
days. The finest was used in cornpones and 
dodgers, while the coarser was used as hominy, 
the separation being effected by means of a 
sieve made of a perforated deerskin stretched 
tightly over a frame. Corn-crackers were put 
in various settlements at an early date, but these 
did but little better work than the mortar. They 
did the work quicker, and such a mill was kept 
running night and day, while the patrons com- 
ing from distances of fifteen or twenty miles 
would wait patiently for a day or two to get 
their grist. But for flour, the only resort was 
to Eugene, Indiana, where an older settlement 
had secured the advantages of a flouring mill. 
The demand for groceries was limited to the 
means for ])urchasing, which were generally 
of the most slender sort. There was Init little 
to sell, and then the only market was at Chi- 
cago, where the settlers hauled hundreds of 
bushels of shelled corn to sell at thirtj' cents per 
bushel. Coonskins, however, were almost land- 



office money. Fur buyers were an institution 
of the early times here, and many a quarter- 
section was purcliased with the price of these 

Tliere were some hixuries, however, that 
could be secured without money. Bee trees 
were, in many parts of the country, found in 
great numbers, and no piece of timber was en- 
tirely devoid of them. It sometimes recjuired 
an expert to find them, and some united pleas- 
ure and profit in this sort of hunting. An ex- 
perienced hunter would go out in a bright, 
warm day in winter or late fall and burn some 
honey comb, which seldom failed to attract the 
game to the honey, which was provided for 
them. Loading up with this, the bee would rise, 
circling in the air, and then fly straight to its 
tree. It was then the hunter's business to fol- 
low the fleet-winged insect closely, and thus 
pert, and there were few who were marked 
discover its secret. To do this required an ex- 
for their success. Sometimes a number of bees 
from a single tree, at no great distance, were 
attracted. These do not rise in circles, but dart- 
ing to and fro in a straight line, make the course 
plain enough to be easily followed, but this is 
rare. In other cases, the best that can be done 
i.s t(j discover the direction of the bee's flight, 
and taking this — against the sun if possible — 
to stumble along with upturned gaze, scanning 
every tree for the telltale hole or crack. But 
when the tree was found the battle was but half 
won. This nmst be felled and the occupants 
dispossessed of their stores. When the hollow 
extended down to the point where the ax must 
penetrate it, the hunter was often obliged to 
decamp in hot haste as soon as the blows had 
aroused the swarm. 

The bee was easily domesticated, and many 

of the settlers captured swarms, placed them in 
sections of hollow logs, and in a little while 
possessed a constant source of supply for the 
table and the market. In some cases tliis was 
the principle source for the sweetening used in 
the culinary work of the cabin, and was the 
basis of a favorite drink. "Metheglin" was 
made of steeped honey-comb, and honey fer- 
mented. It was counted an excellent drink, 
and much preferred to cider, and when 
strengthenetl by age became a powerful intoxi- 
cant. This, however, has passed away with 
many other of the homely joys of pioneer 

The ready tact of the pioneer housewives, 
and the unpampered tastes of that early day, 
found a good substitute for fruit in the pump- 
kin. When frozen, they were prepared and 
stewed down to a sirup, which furnished a very 
acceptable substitute for sugar or molasses in 
the absence of honey, and mixed with fresh 
stewed pumpkin formed a desirable sweetmeat. 
They were planted in considerable numbers, 
and stored in a vault constructed underneath 
the haystacks to be fed to the cattle during the 
winter. Well may this "fruit loved of boy- 
hood" be apostrophized by the poet, and hon- 
orably be placed in a state's coat of arms. 


Neighborhoods extended over a wide area 
of country, and a journey of fifteen miles was 
not considered a great undertaking for an after- 
noon's visit. Roads were few, and the prairie, 
easily cut up, often presented at points where 
hues of travel were obliged, by the conforma- 
tion of the land, to unite, bog holes, that proved 
almost impassible. So long as the paucity of 



settlenu'iit .-illowcd a pretty free selection of 
route, mud holes could l^e generally evaded 
and a worn track avoided. But this prac- 
tice Ikk! its disadvantages. In a conn 
try witlioiit cuntinudus fences and few 
landmarks, save the groves, it requires stmie 
skill and an intimate knowledge of tlie country 
to successfully cross even a small prairie in day- 
liglU. Crossing tlie uncultivated prairie at 
night was a very uncertain venture even to the 
most expert. If the night was clear, the stars 
were a reliahle guide, and the pioneers became 
quite proficient in the simpler rudiincnts of 
astronomy. In a cloudy night, and a snowy 
^^ ff'SI'Sy fl'iy- their resources were less sure. 
A steady wind often proved the only guide. 
The traveler, getting his bearings, would note 
how the wind struck his nose — the right or left 
ear — and then, keenly alive to these sensations, 
woulfl so maintain his course as to keep the 
hearing' of the wind always the same, and re- 
gardless of all other guides, w'ould generally 
reach his destination without diiificulty. To 
do this required no little .skill and a steady wind. 
If the latter changed gradually, the better the 
skill, the w'ider the traveler diverged from his 
true course. Without these guides, it was a 
mere accident if a i)crson succeeded in crossing 
even a small prairie. The tendency is to move 
in a circle, and when this is once begun and ob- 
served by the traveler, the only resource is to 
camp in the most convenient place aicd manner, 

and wait for morning. Each family had its 
signal light, which served to mark the place 
1 if the cabin. It was a frequent practice to erect 
a pole by the chimney, upon which a lighted 
lantern was jilaced. Others had a light in the 
window, which often saved a dreary night's 
cx])eriencc on the open prairie. 

Such experiences, unjileasant in mild 
weather, were too often fatal in the winter sea- 
son. The trackless prairie, covered with a de- 
ceptive expanse of snow, and swept by a fierce 
blast, which pierced the most ami)le clothing 
and the hardiest frame, made the stoutest heart 
waver. Journeys were seldom undertaken in 
such circumstances, save under stress of the 
most urgent necessity. Rut nearly every early 
settler can remember some experience in winter- 
season traveling, while some never reached the 
home they sought, or the end of the journey 
reluctantly begun. 

With the settlement of the prairie, and the 
regular laying-out of roads, traveling became 
less dangerous, though scarcely less difficult. 
The amount of labor which could be devoted 
by the few people in the scattered settlements, 
made but little effect upon the roads of the 
country, which seemed particularly exposed, 
by the character of the soil and the conforma- 
tion of its surface, to the unfavorable action of 
rain, and even now the farming community 
pays a heavy annual tribute to muddy, impass- 
able roads. 







By the treaty of peace between the French 
and Englisli in 1763, tlie Illinois country was 
ceded to the latter. It remained in their hands 
until 1778, in which year Virginia troops under 
Gen. Clark conquered the country. A county 
called Illinois was then organized, and had been 
considered hitherto a part of the territory 
included in the charter of Virginia. Vir- 
ginia ceded it to the United States 
in 1787, and it was called the "North- 
west territory." In 1800 it received a 
separate organization and a territorial govern- 
ment in conjunction with and under the name 
of Indiana. Another division took place in 
1809 when the distinct territories of Indiana 
and Illinois were formed. 

The name of Illinois is derived from that 
of its great river, an aboriginal appellation, 
signifying the "River of men." 

When Illinois territory was a part of In- 
diana, the seat of government was at Vin- 
cennes, and when the territory was set off from 
Indiana in 1809 the whole state was made into 
two counties, St. Clair and Randolph. From 

St. Clair Madison was made ; from Madison, 
Crawford; the state then had about fifteen 
counties. In 1819 Clark was set off from 
Crawford, and extended to the northward in- 
definitely. Coles county was organized in 
1830-31; Cumberland parted from it in 1842, 
and Douglas in 1859. 

Illinois w^s admitted into the Union of 
states in 1818, with an area of fifty-five thou- 
sand, four hundred and ten square miles, about 
four hundred and nine of which belong to 
Douglas county. 

Coles county, from the area of which Doug- 
las was taken, once comprised within its bounds 
all of Cumberland county as well, and was 
named in honor of Edward Coles, the second 
governor of the state, elected in 1822. 

Amongst the smallest counties in the state, 
though not the least by some seven or eight, 
Douglas county is geographically in the east 
centre of the state, and lies below the fortieth 
parellel of latitude, Tuscola the county seat, 
being in latitude thirty-nine degrees, forty-five 
minutes, north. The county is bounded on the 



north by Champaig-n county, on the east by 
Edgar, ii]ion the soutli l)y Coles, and on tlie 
west by MouUric and Piatt. 

The election for and against the new cnunty 
was held in Coles county on tlie first Monday 
in March, 1S59, and tlie clerk was ordered to 
make his returns to Coleman Bright and Josepii 
B. McCown, of Camargo. 

Coles was a large county of some twenty- 
four congressional townships, and containing 
about eight hundred and eighty square miles. 
New towns, demanded by the rapidly increas- 
ing population of the north part, were springing 
into existence, the principal of which, Tuscola 
and Okaw (for so Areola was originally 
called), upon the line of the Illinois Central 
Railroad, had been laid out, the latter by the 
railroad, u])on its own lands, and the former 
upon railroad lands by private enterprise. 

The tedious trip, over the prairie of twenty 
or twenty-fi\e miles, to Charleston, the county 
seat, laid out in 1831, and the almost universal 
disposition of the people toward concentration, 
can»ied still farther, eventually, by township 
organization, were amongst the inducements 
that brought about the division. 

Origin of Douglas. — In date of formation, 
Douglas county precedes Ford by one day only, 
and lacks so much of being the latest-formed 
county of the state, but though late in asserting 
its independence, it has not been unknown to 
the geography of the state, under other titles. 
In October, 1778, it was included in the county 
of Illinois; in 1790, it became a part of St. 
Clair county; in 1816 a part of Crawford; in 
1819 a part of Clark; in 1823 a part of Edgar, 
and in 1830 a part of Coles. During all this 
time the territory now included within the lim- 
its of Douglas county was a wilderness, with- 

out the habitation of a single white man, with 
the exception perhaps of one family in 1829. 
The county of Coles was originally a part of 
I'ldgar, and as first formed included the terri- 
tory of the present counties of Cumberland, 
Coles and Douglas. At this time the settlement 
at Charleston was strong in numliers and in- 
fluence, and became the county seat. Later, 
as the southern portion of its territory began 
to settle up, an agitation was begun for a di- 
\ ision of the large territory included in Coles 
and while the interests of Charleston were not 
hostile to this movement in the abstract, there 
was a very decided preference manifested for 
the way it should be divided. The leaders of 
the new county movement preferred to have 
llie wdiole territory equally divided, but in such 
case it appeared certain that the county seat 
interests of Charleston would be put in jeop- 
ardy, as it would be located too far south in the 
reconstructed county to long hold the seat of 
justice. The question was soon forced into 
])olitics, and three campaigns were fought on 
this issue, the candidates for the General As- 
sembly announcing themselves in favor of one 
or the other party. The Coles county people 
l)roposed the formation of a small county on the 
south, and eventually another on the north, and 
the issue was defined in the vernacular of the 
stock marks of the time as a crop or a split. 
Twice the Charleston people defeated the split 
at the polls or in the lobby, but finally a candi- 
date was elected upon the platform of "first a 
split, second a crop, but in any case a new 
county," and in 1843 Cumberland county was 
formed. Another county v.fould have been 
formed from the north end of Coles, but this 
I)art of its territory settled up slowly, and by 
the time that a movement was made for a new 



county, the necessity for its erection was no 
longer recognized by the older community. Coles 
county contained twenty-four congressional 
townships, enough to form two counties of the 
required area, and the tedious trip of twenty 
or twenty-five miles over the prairie to the coun- 
ty seat, located considerably south of the geo- 
graphical center, intensified the determination 
to divide it. Public-spirited men organized the 
movement, and a bill was introduced in the 
General Assembly to form the new county. 
The name occasioned no little difficulty at first. 
W. D. Watson, of Camargo township, was in 
the senate and a Republican. The proposed 
county was politically in sympathy with him, 
and the petition for the new county asked for 
the name of Richman, that of the first white 
inhabitant; others proposed and pressed the 
name of Watson, and the subject was discussed 
at local meetings, with a good deal of excite- 
luent. There was a disposition on the part of 
tiie legislature to reject both names, and honor 
the name of Stephen A. Douglas with its desig- 
nation. Dr. Pearce, of Camargo, and others 
strongly resisted this suggestion, and the vig- 
orous opposition was not relaxed until it ap- 
peared certain that a bill could not be passed 
with another name, and even then it is said 
that promise was given by certain responsible 
persons, that the name should subsequently be 
changed. The name, however, has long since 
lost its political significance, and is worthily be- 
stowed in honor of a brilliant and patriotic 
statesman. The peculiar spelling follows that 
adopted by Senator Douglas. 

The act of organisation. — The bill intro- 
duced for the purpose of organizing Douglas 
county provides as follows : 

"Section i. Be it enacted by the People of 

the State of Illinois, represented in the General 
Assembly, That all that portion of the county 
of Coles lying within the following boundaries, 
to wit : Commencing at the northeast corner 
of the county of Coles ; thence west on the line 
between said county and the county of Cham- 
paign, to the northwest corner of the count v 
of Coles; thence south on the west line of Coles 
county to the southwest corner of section eight- 
een (18), township fourteen (14) north, of 
range seven east ; thence east on the section line 
to the southwest corner of section eighteen 
(18), township fourteen (14) north, range ten 
east ; thence north to the township line between 
townships fourteen (14) and fifteen (15); 
thence east on said line to the east line of Coles 
county; and thence north on the east line of 
Coles county to the place of beginning, be and 
the same is hereby created into a new county, 
to be called the county of Douglas : Provided, 
that a majority of all the voters of said county 
of Coles voting on the question, shall vote for 
the same in the manner hereinafter prescribed. 

"Sec. 2. The qualified voters of the said 
county of Coles may, at an election to be held 
in the several precincts of said county, to be 
held on the first Monday of March next, vote 
for or against the creation of the said new 
coimty of Douglas by ballot, upon which shall 
be written or printed, or partly written and 
partly printed, 'For the New County' or 
'Against the New County.' 

"Sec. 3. The clerk of the county court of 
the county of Coles shall give notice of said 
election in the several election districts in said 
county, in the same manner as general or special 
elections are given, as nearly as may be; and 
the judges of election and clerks thereof shall 
conduct said election and make returns thereof 



in the same manner as is now provided by law 
for conducting elections. In case of vacancies in 
the board of election, or failure to attend, such 
vacancies of absentees shall be filled in the same 
manner as is now provided by law in relation to 
elections. Returns of said election shall be 
made by the several boards of election to the 
clerk of the county court of Coles county, who 
shall be governed by the general election law 
llicn in force in opening and canxassing tlie 
same. Tlie clerk of the county court of Coles 
county shall make return of the votes to Cole- 
man Bright and J. B. McCown within six days 
after the same have been canvassed ; and the 
said clerk shall also within ten days make re- 
turn of said votes to the secretary of state. 

"Sec. 4. If it shall appear that a majority 
of all the voters in said county of Coles voting 
upim the question have voted for the creation 
of the new county of Douglas, then, and in that 
case, there shall be held a special election in the 
several precincts within the limits in this act 
described for said new county of Douglas, on 
the second Monday in April ne.xt, for c(iunty 
officers. Said election shall be conducted by 
the judges of elections then holding office under 
a])pciintment in the county of Coles, and at 
the usual places of holding elections ; at w Inch 
election the (|ualified voters of tiie new county 
of Douglas shall elect all county officers for said 
county, except such as are hereafter excepted, 
who shall l)e commissioned and tjualified in 
the same manner as such officers are in other 
counties in the state, and shall hold said offices 
until the next general election for such officers, 
and until their successors are elected and qual- 
ified, and shall have all the jurisdiction and per- 
form all the duties which [are] or may be con- 
ferred upon or rec^uired uf like officers in this 

state. In case there shall be portions of pre- 
cincts or election districts within the boundaries 
of the new county, then the voters within the 
same may, at the first election for county of- 
ficers, as herein provided for, vote within such 
jirecinct or election district as the)' may deem 
most convenient within said new county. 

"Sec. 5. All the justices of the peace, con- 
stables, or other officers who have been hereto- 
fore elected and qualified in the county of Coles, 
whose term of office shall not have expired at 
the time of said election, and whose ])lace of 
residence shall be embraced within the limits 
of said county of Douglas, shall continue to 
hold their said offices and exercise the jiuMs- 
diction and perform the duties thereof until 
term of office shall expire and their successors 
shall be elected and (lualified. 

"Sec. 6. For the purpose of fixing the ])ev- 
manent county seat of said new county of 
Douglas, the voters of said county shall, at said 
election of county officers, vote for some place, 
to be designated upon their ballots, for a county 
seat; upon said ballots shall be written or 
])rinted, or partly written and partly printed, 
'For county seat' — after which word shall be 
written or printed the name of the place in- 
teniled. The place receiving the majority of 
all the votes [xilled upon that question shall be 
the county seat of the said county of Douglas; 
but if no one jjlace shall receive a majority of all 
the votes polled upon that question, then it 
shall be the tluty of the county court of said 
county to call another election, within sixty 
days thereafter, at the several places of holding 
elections in said county; at which time the 
voters of said county shall choose from the two 
places having the highest number of votes at 
the previous election, and the place having the 



majority of all the votes cast sliall be the per- 
manent county seat of said county of Douglas. 

"Sec. 7. Notice of said election for county 
officers shall be given by the clerk of the county 
court of Coles county, in the same manner as 
notices of general elections are given in other 
cases; which notices shall specify that a vote 
will be taken upon the location of the county 
seat ; and returns of said election shall be made 
to said clerk of said county court, the same as 
is provided by law in other cases. 

"Sec. 8. All suits and prosecutions that 
have been, or may be commenced in said county 
of Coles, including all proceedings in the county 
court of said county in matters of i)r()l)ate be- 
fore the organization of said county of Doug- 
las, shall not be affected by this act, but all such 
suits, prosecutions and proceedings shall Ije 
prosecuted and conducted t(i their final termina- 
tion in said county of Coles; and the officers of 
said county of Coles are hereby authorized to 
execute all writs that may be necessary for the 
completion of said suits, prosecutions and pro- 
ceedings within the limits of said county of 
Douglas; aiid all judgments that may have 
heretofore or that may hereafter be obtained 
under the provisions of this section shall have 
the same lien upon all property within the liin-^ 
its of said county of Douglas as though the said 
territory had not been erected into a separate 

"Sec. 9. As soon a^ the county officers 
shall have been elected and (|ualiiie(l. the said 
county of Douglas shall be considered organ- 
ized, and the clerk of [the] circuit court of 
said county shall give notice thereof to the 
judge of the fourth judicial circuit, who shall 
hold court at such places as shall be designated 
by the county court, until the county seat is 

located, as herein provided, said circuit court 
to be holden at such times as said judge shall 
direct, until otherwise provided by law. 

"Sec. 10. The school funds belonging to 
the several townships embraced in the limits of 
said county of Douglas shall be paid and de- 
livered over by the school commissioners of 
the county of Coles to the school commissioner 
of the said county of Douglas as soon as he 
shall be elected and qualified. 

"Sec. II. The county court of the said 
county of Douglas may, at any term of said 
court, by an order to be entered of record, ap- 
point some competent person a commissioner 
for the purpose hereinafter expressed, who shall 
take an oath of office before some person 
authorized by law to administer oaths. Said 
court shall, at the same time, provide a suffi- 
cient number of blank books and deliver to 
said commissioner, who shall receipt for the 
same to the clerk of said county court. 

"Sec. 12. As soon as said books shall be 
delivered to said commissioner, he shall record 
in each a copy of the order of his appointment, 
and of his oath of office, and shall thereupon 
proceed to transcribe into such books all such 
deeds, mortgages and title papers of every de- 
scription, with the certificates of acknowledg- 
ment thereto, of lands lying in the county of 
Douglas, which have been recorded or may be 
recorded hereafter, before the organization of 
said county of Douglas, be recorded in the re- 
corder's office of the said county of Coles; 
and there shall be allowed him, the said com- 
missioner, such sum as his services aforesaid 
are reasonably worth; to be paid out of the 
county treasury of the county of T)ouglas. 

"Sec. 13. When the said commissioner 
shall have completed his work he shall make 


return of said books to the clerk of tlie circuit 
court of said county of Douglas; and ihey shall 
thereupon be taken and considered, to all in- 
tents and purposes, as books of record of deeds, 
mortgages and title papers for the county of 
Douglas; and copies of said papers, certified by 
the officer having custody of said books, shall 
be evidence in all courts and places in the same 
manner that copies of records are evidence in 
other cases, and with like effect. 

"Sec. 14. The county of Douglas shall be 
responsible for and bound to pay one-fourth 
of the county debt of the county of Coles, in- 
curred for stock in the Terre Haute & Alton 
Railroad Company, and shall be entitled to 
one-fourth of the stock held by said county of 
Coles in said railroad company; and it shall be 
the duty of the county court of the county 
of Douglas, after the ist of January, A. D. 
i860, to pay the interest on the bonds issued 
by the county of Coles for that purpose, num- 
bered from No. i to No. 25, inclusive, semi- 
annually, as the same shall become due; and 
also to provide for and pay the principal of 
said bonds, numbered as above, the same being 
one-fourth of the said debt of Coles county. 

"Sec. 1 5. That the county of Douglas shall, 
until otherwise provided for by law, at this or 
a subsequent session, be attached to and con- 
stitute a part of the twenty-fifth representative 
district, and of the eighteenth senatorial dis- 

"Sec. 16. The secretary of state shall forth- 
with furnish the clerk of the county court of 
the county of Coles with a copy of this act, 
certified under the seal of state. 

"Sec. 17. This act to take effect and be in 
force from and after its passage. 

"Ai)proved February 8, 1859." 

A supplementary bill. — This bill was drawn 
up by A. G. Wallace, assisted by Dr. McKin- 
ney, Martin Rice, Coleman Bright, J. B. Mc- 
Cown, W. H. Lamb, J. R. Hammet and others. 
In its description of boundaries, township 14, 
of ranges 10, 11 and 14, were omitted in some 
way, and it soon appeared that the county as 
described in the act did not contain the required 
area "of not less than four hundred square 
miles," whereupon a supplementary act was 
asked for to cover their deficiency. Tiie defect- 
ive bill had passed both houses before this vital 
error was discovered, and only three days of 
the session remained. Dr. J. W. McKinney, 
of Camargo, at once started for Springfield, 
wrote out a supplementary bill adding eighteen 
sections of land. This was accomplished be- 
tween ten and twelve o'clock in the morning, 
and after a deal of hard work the bill was con- 
sidered in the house, under a suspension of 
the rules, and read a second time and passed, 
reported to the senate and again passed, under 
a suspension of the rules ; the bill was signed by 
the governor at four o'clock and the Doctor, 
with a copy of it in his possession, was on his 
way home by six o'clck P. M. the same day. 
This bill also postponed the day of election and 
is as follows : 

"Whereas it is represented that the county 
of Douglas, as created by the act to which this 
is supplementary, does not contain the number 
of square miles required by the constitution ; 
therefore, in order to perfect the same, and 
that said county may contain the re(|uisite num- 
ber of square miles, 

"Sec I. Be it enacted by the People of 
the State of Illinois, represented in the General 
Assembly, that the folloing described territory, 
to wit: Sections one (i), two (2), three (3), 



four (4), five (5), six (6), seven (7), eight 
(8), nine (9), ten (10), fifteen (15), sixteen 
(16), seventeen (17), eighteen (18), township 
No. 14, range No. 10, and section six (6), in 
township No. 14, range No. 11, and sections 
four (4), five (5) and six (6), in township 
No. 14, range No. 14 west, be and the same are 
hereby declared to be a part of the county of 
Douglas, as fully and completely, for all pur- 
poses whatsoever, as if they had been contained 
within the boundaries set forth in the act to 
which this act is supplementary. 

"Sec. 2. The election required by the act 
to which this is supplementary, to be held on 
the first Monday in March next, shall be held 
on the third Monday of March, in the manner 
therein provided. 

"Sec. 3. This act shall be in force from and 
after its passage. 

"Approved February 16, 1859." 

The partition left the new county with reg- 
ular outlines, save in the southeast corner, 
where some fifteen square miles of territory 
was not included to accommodate the citizens 
of Oakland an vicinity, who preferred to re- 
main in Coles county, and by this concession 
the managers of the partition secured their co- 
operation. As finally formed, Douglas county 
contained four hundred and eight sections, the 
area amounting to between four hundred and 
nine and four hundred and ten square miles, 
the sections varying in this county considerably 
in size, the smallest being as low as tw<:> hun- 
dred and thirty acres, and many running some- 
what over one thousand acres. These and other 
irregularities are occasioned by the inaccuracies 
of the government surveyors, and the practical 
limitations of the system. 

The new county was now born and 

christened, and being admitted, the next thing 
in this case was to see that she was properly 
clothed, and to this end the first nominating 
convention for the selection of county officers 
was held in a board shanty on the McCarty 
farm, two and one-half miles east of Tuscola. 
The men put in nomination were selected with- 
out regard to party, and the officers who were 
then elected were : 

County judge — James Evving, still living in 
Areola, and the associates were John D. Mur- 
dock, now a large land owner in Camargo 
township, who was again elected in 1861. He 
filled the position for six years, and had been 
active in the formation of the new county. 
And Robert Hopkins, one of the pioneers of 
Newman township, who was, at the birth of 
the new county, an associate justice of Coles. 
Mr. Hopkins died in the spring of 1863, leaving 
a large unincumbered estate. 

The first county clerk was John Chandler, 
who was a good officer. He was re-elected in 
1 861, serving in all about six years. Mr. 
Chandler was one of the most active in the 
partition, and by reason of a large experience 
in public business was altogether depended 
upon for statistics in the interest of the new 
county. He served in the war with Mexico. 

The circuit clerk and recorder, elected at 
this time, was Andrew G. Wallace, who was 
re-elected in i860, 1864 and 1868, holding the 
office by re-election for over twelve years. Mr. 
Wallace was one of the first settlers, having 
arrived in Coles county in 1834, and was one of 
the first in Tuscola. He died in Tuscola in 

Samuel B. Logan was the first sheriff. Mr. 
Logan is now a resident of Bourbon, Illinois, 
and is a large land owner. He was a captain 



in the Fifty- fourth Regiment, IlHnois Volun- 
teers, in the war of 1861. 

Tlie office of assessor and treasurer was 
taken by WilHam Hancock, of Newman tinvn- 
sliip. Mr. Hancock was engaged in banking 
in tlie city of Newman, and was a large farmer 
in Sargent townsliip. He came to this vicinity 
in November, 1839. 

The first county surveyor was Henry C. 
Niles, who was re-elected in 1861 and again in 
1871. Mr. Niles came from Baltimore in 1857. 

The first meeting of the county court, as 
it was called, was held in Camargo, so that the 
minds of the people might not be prejudiced 
as between Areola and Tuscola. 

The selection of the county seat, as was to 
have been expected, was the occasion of much 
excitement. The cities of Tuscola and Areola, 
from their comparatively central position, and 
both being situated on the only railroad in the 
county, were the leading contesting points. 
The village of Camargo had claims to the honor 
which were strongly advocated, and the well 
known Hackett's Grove, not far north of the 
geographical centre of the county, was also 
talked of. The aspiring embryo cities of Tus- 
cola and Areola, at the first election, ix)lled 
prol)al)ly ten times their legal vote, and the 
count in these two places being so glaringly 
preposterous, neither was considered at this 
time, and the unwritten history of this canvass 
tur County seat will [jrnbably remain unwritten 
diu"ing the present generation. At this first 
meeting of the county court — a special term — 
April 28, 1859, it was ordered that a special 
election be held May 30, 1859, to choose a 
county seat as between the two rival towns, 
which election resulted in the choice of Tus- 

Camargo was made county seat pro ton, 
and Mr. W. H. Lamb was appointed commis- 
sioner to transfer from Coles county records 
thiise necessarily belonging to Douglas. Mr. 
i.ainh li;i<l arri\ed in Camargo in 1853; was a 
merchant there until 1862, when he became 
adjutant of the Seventy-ninth Illinois Volun- 
teers in the war of the Rebellion. He was 
elected county clerk, or clerk of the county 
court, in 1865, and at the .expiration of his term 
accepted the cashiership of the First National 
Bank of Tuscola, but now resides in Santiago, 

The people having, at an election held in 
November, 1867, decided to adopt township 
organization, Lucius McAllister, of Areola, Jos. 
B. McCown, of Camargo, and Henry B. Evans, 
of Tuscola, were appointed Commissioners to 
divide the county into townships, which duty 
they performed by making the sub-divisions as 
they now stand. Jos. B. McCown served hon- 
ouably in the war with Mexico, as also in the 
Civil war of 1861, when he was colonel of the 
Sixty-third Illinois Infantry. Col. McCown 
stood high in the estimation of the people and 
consequently exercised considerable influence in 
politics and public business generally. He pos- 
sessed all the attributes of good citizenship, and 
his death, November 21, 1869, was much la- 

H. B. Evans was elected assessor and treas- 
urer in 1865 and re-elected in 1867; as assistant 
LJnited States marshal in 1870 he procured 
the Douglas county data for the ninth census, 
and was postmaster of Tuscola for a number 
of years. 

The first meeting,under township organiza- 
tion, of the board of supervisors, was held in 
Tuscola, on Monday, May 11, 1868, and the 



supervisors were: Caleb Garrett, of Garrett; 
Lemuel Chandler, of Bourbon; Asa T. Whit- 
ney, of Areola; Oliver C. Hackett, of Tuscola; 
Geo. W. Henson, of Camargo; Benjamin W. 
Hooe, of Newman; Isaac W. Burget, of Sar- 
gent, and Benjamin Bowdre, of "Deer Creek" 
township, but upon being informed by the state 
auditor that there was a "Deer Creek" township 
in Tazewell county, the name was changed to 
"Bowdre," in honor of its first representative. 

In September, the same year, a petition to 
the board of supervisors was circulated, to 
which a great many signatures had been ob- 
tained, wherein the petitioners endeavored to 
show their belief that a majf)rity of the voters 
of the county desired the abolition of township 

Camargo township was formerly called Al- 
bany precinct, Newman was once Brushy Fork, 
Garrett township was a part of Bourbon, Bour- 
bon was once North Okaw, Bowdre, once 
called Deer Creek, was a part of Collins pre- 
cinct, and Sargent belonged to Oakland pre- 

Joseph G. Cannon came to Tuscola in 1859, 
the year of the new county; was elected state's 
attorney in 1861 and again in 1864. He was 
elected to congress in 1872 and is there now. 
He resides in Danville. 

The first session of circuit court was held 
in the then just finished depot building of the 
Illinois Central Railroad, and the first ci\ il case 
on the docket was Button vs. K. B. Johnson, 
default of defendant and judgment for three 
dollars and twenty cents. This was an appeal 
from Dr. J. T. Johnson, a magistrate in the vil- 
lage of Bouron. Dr. Johnson removed from 
Bourbon to a point south of Newman, and after 

a few years'went west. 

Afterward court was held over J. M. Maris" 
store, on northeast corner of Parke and 
Sale streets, in which building Mr. Wallace had 
his olifice as recorder; at that time this was the 
largest available room in Tuscola, and after 
that, until the present iJcrmanent court house 
was built, in the large two-story wooden build- 
ing which stands opposite the court house on 
the north. Judge Harlan presided and heard 
all cases, whilst busily engaged in carving cur- 
ious toys from soft wood, a habit he rarely 
laid aside during business hours. 

For a while the county clerk's oftice was 
in the east end of the hotel, burned in 1864, 
which occupied the site of the "Stanley 
House." The original hotel was built by the 
Town Company, and there seems to be good 
authority for the statement that the Illinois 
Central Railroad Company had agreed to put 
the depot about opposite the site of the court 
house, say Houghton street, but under a nfis- 
take of the person in charge, it got its present 

The court house was begun under the ad- 
ministration, as a county court, in 1864, of 
Judge Francis C. Mullen, of Garrett town- 
ship, assisted by John D. Murdock, of Camar- 
go, and Caleb Bales, of Bourjjon, as associates. 
Judge Mullen was the second county judge of 
Douglas county; was born in Delaware and 
came to Garrett township in 1850. Mr. Bales 
was elected in 1861 associate justice, and in 
1S72 represented his t(jwnship as supervisor. 

The court house was a brick building of 
two stories and basement, and contained the 
jail and living rooms for the sheriff or jailer. 
It was situated in Block "C," a roomy enough 
plat of ground, 216x320, in about the centre of 
Tuscola. The plat was deeded to the county 



by the original Town Company for the consid- 
eration "that a court house of a substantial 
character should be erected upon it within four 
years from March 7, 1864. Tlic grounds to 
l)e used exclusively for county l)uildings, and 
also conditioned that when it ceased to l^e used 
for such purposes it sliould revert to the grant- 

The arcliitect of the building was O. L. 
Kinney, of Chicago. The original accepted 
bid for the masonry was fifteen thousand dol- 
lars, and the carpenter work was offered for 
seven thousand and seven hundred dollars. The 
contractors for the masonry failed to perform 
their agreement, even after two or three exten- 
sions of time, and an advance of twenty per 
cent, on their contract, which advance was also 
made to tiic carpenter. The county bnard 
finally took charge of the work and in conjunc- 
tion with Mr. J- M. Smith, of Tuscola, em- 
ployed the same builders and others, and 
brought the work to a conclusion. The entire 
original cost of the building and furniture was 
forty-two thousand dollars, the painting, glaz- 
ing and iron not having been included in any of 
the bids. 

County Officers of Dougl.-vs County from 
ITS Organization in 1S59. 


Jolm Chandler, elected A])ril, 1859; re- 
elected 1 86 1. 

William IT. Lamb, elected November, 1865. 
John C. Parcel, elected November, 1869. 
Daniel O. Root, elected November, 1873. 

D. .A.. Conover, November, 1880, died in 
office February 2, 1899. 

E. \V. Jeffers. appointed, and is the present 


A. G. Wallace, elected April, 1859. 
P. C. Sloan, elected November, 1872. 
John N. Outcelt, elected November. 18S2. 
I\. 1". Helm, elected November, 1886. 
J. W. King, elected in 1890. 
C. A. Hawkins, elected in 1898, the i)resent 


William llancuck, elected April, 1S59. 

George W. Flynn, elected November, 1861. 

V. C. McNeer, elected November, 1863. 

Henry B. Evans, elected Novcml)cr, 1865; 
re-elected November, 1867. 

After township organizatiDU the office was 
called collector and treasurer. 


James T. Walker, elected Novemljer, 1869; 
re-elected November, 1871. 

James M. Cox. elected November, 1873. 
Henry R. Ingraham, elected November, 


Lines L. Parker, elected 1879. 

T. S. Wyeth, elected 1886. 

L. E. Root, elected 1890. 

James Jones, elected 1894. 

I lenry C. Jones, elected 1898, the jjresent 


Samuel B. T,ogan, elected April, 1859. 
Parmenas Watson, elected Noveml)er, 



William T. French, elected November, 
1862. jj 

Isaac L. Jordon, elected November, 1864. 

Henry C. Carico, elected November, 1866. 

N. Rice Gruelle, elected November, 1868. 

Newton I. Cooper, elected November, 1870. 

James H. Shawhan, elected November, 

Francis G. Cunningham, elected November, 
1872; re-elected November, 1874; re-elected in 
1876, and died in office. 

Col. Wesford Taggart, elected 1880. 

T. S. Wyeth, elected 1886. 

John L. Goff, elected 1890. 

J. C. Cutler, elected 1894. 

F. D. Bagley, elected 1898, died in office 
May 20, 1898. F. T. Spies, M. D., then cor- 
oner, served out Bagley's time until the next 
general election. 

C. A. Moon, elected 1898, the present in- 


Wm. H. Sipple, elected April, 1859. 
S. S. Irwin, elected November, 1861. 
J. Frank Lamb, elected November, 1863. 
W. W. ]\Ionroe, elected Nox'ember, 1865. 
Samuel T. Callaway, elected November, 
1869; re-elected November, 1873. 

C. W. Woolverton, ai)pointed September, 


J. W. King, elected November, 1875. Mr. 
King resigned to accept post office appoint- 
ment at Newman and was succeeded by ap- 
pointment of F. E. A. Starr. 

Joseph R. Burres served from 1882 to 1886. 

Nora Smith, 1894. 

Mamie Bunch, 1898. 

Thomas M. Wells, a most worthy young 
man, who was elected by an overwhelming vote 
in 1898, and was killed in a railroad wreck 
two weeks after being sworn into office. 

On March 9, 1899, Blanche Caraway was 
appointed and is the present incnmlient. 


Henry C. Niles, elected April, 1859, re- 
elected November, 1861. ' 

Issachar Davis, elected November, 1863. 

Enos C. Siler, elected November, 1865. 

Issachar Davis, elected November, 1867. 

Edmund Fish, elected November, 1869. 

Henry C. Niles, elected November, 1871. 

Issachar Davis, elected November, 1875. 

H. C. Niles, elected 1883. 

Wm. E. Price was elected in 1883 and is 
the present incumbent. 


Andrew J. Wallace, 1859 to 1880, and was 
also Circuit Clerk during the time. After his 
death, in 1880, A. B. Powell served six months, 
when, in 18S1, H. C. Niles was appointed and 
has since filled that office satisfactorily. 

Systaii of surveys. — To one not informed 
in regard to the principles of the government 
survey, the map of Douglas county presents a 
good many difficulties, and it may not be un- 
profitable to devote a page to this subject. The 
rectangular system adopted by the United 
States is peculiar to the public lands of the gov- 
ernment, and was devised for the old North- 
west. Meridian lines running due north from 
the mouth of some river are first established. 
These are intersected at right angles by a base 



line, running east and west, and arbitrarily lo- 
cated. The meridian lines are known as "prin- 
cipal meridians," the first one Ijeing a line run- 
rMng due north from the mouth of the Miami 
river, and forming the east line of Indiana. 
Tlie seconcl principal meridian is a line running 
due north from the Lillle liluc river, eighty- 
nine miles west of the former, and near the cen- 
tral part of the .state of Indiana. The third 
principal meridian is a line running due north 
from the mouth of the Ohio ri\er, and the 
fourth ])rincipal meridian is a line running due 
north from the mouth of the Illinois river. 
The base line from which the survey of Indiana 
was projected, and all of Illinois east of the 
Illinois river, crosses the state in latitude 
thirty-eight degrees and thirt}' minutes. With 
these principal lines established, the surveyors 
began at the intersection of the base line and 
a principal meridian line, and projected merid- 
ian lines, at intervals of one mile, parallel with 
the princijial one, working eastwardly and 
westward!}' from a given "principal meridian." 
Lines at right angles to these were run in sim- 
ilar manner, working northwardly and south- 
wardly from the l)ase line. In running the 
north and south lines, owing to the shape of 
the earth, these are found to converge, and sub- 
base lines were established at intervals of 
twenty-four miles north of the base line and 
thirty miles below it, from which the line was 
begun afresh after accmate measurements east 
and west were cil)tained. At each of these 
"Correction lines" a jog in the meridian-parallels 
will be observed, which shows the error due to 
convergence of lines. These jogs are known to 
surveyors as "fallings," i. e., falling to the right 
or left of the true corner, at the end of the 
line run. In surveying east and west from the 

several established principal meridians another 
"fault" is found in actual practice. The dis- 
tance between these principal meridians is such 
as to leave a narrow strip of land between the 
survey proceeding west (for exami)le) from the 
third and east from the fourth ])rincipal merid- 
ian, and the east and west lines from either 
meridian are not found to exactly coincide at 
the meeting point. 

In actual surveying the first lines were 
run each way at intervals of six miles, dividing 
the country into "congressional townshij)s." 
These townships were subsequently subdivided 
into sections by lines at an interval of one mile 
by other surxcyors, the law making it illegal 
for the same surveycjr to run lioih sets of lines, 
so that one might be a check upon the errors of 
the other. The land was first offered for sale 
by sections, but this was found to work disad- 
\antageously to settlers, and these sections, 
containing six hundred and forty acres, were 
subdivided into halves of three hundred and 
twenty acres, and quarters of one hundred and 
sixty acres each, which last were again subdi- 
vided in halves of eighty acres, and quarters 
of forty acres each. "Fractions" are parts of 
sections intersected by rivers, or confirmed 
claims or reservations, and are of various sizes. 
The sections of a tcjwnship are designated by 
numbers, beginning with the northeast corner 
anil following in regular order to the west side, 
the second tier of sections beginning on the 
west side of the township and proceeding east, 
using the numbers fmni one to thirty-six in- 

Townships are designated by numerals in- 
creasing north and south from the base line, 
and are still further defined by ranges num- 
liered east and west from the princijjal me- 



ridian. and both are required together witli the 
further description of north or south, and east 
or west to accurately locate it. 

The survey of Illinois was made from 
about 1812 to 1824, and presents some excep- 
tions to the above rules. South of the base line 
both townships and ranges are regular, and 
north of it. to the southern boundary of town- 
ship 31. east of the Illinois river. A portion of 
the state, east of a line running due mirth from 
the mouth of the W'aliash river to the southern 
line of township 31 north, was surveyed west 
from the second principal meridian, and ranges 
are numbered westward as high as fourteen ; 
the ranges eastward from the third principal 
meridian reaching number eleven, the last one 
consisting of but a single section in width. 
Above township 30. the ranges extend east 
from the fourth princijial meridian to the east- 
ern line of the state, and reach the number of 
sixteen. West of the third principal meridian 
the ranges run regularly to the Mississippi and 
Illinois rivers so far north as the point where 
the third principal meridian crosses the Illinois 
river, where the ranges west cease. The town- 
ships are regular, extending south to immber 
16, and north to number 46. North of town- 
ship 33 north, the townships on the east side 
of the third principal meridian only proceed 
regularly. That part of the state lying west of 
the Illinois river, and north of the Illinois river 
and west of the third principal meridian, is 
surveyed from the fourth principal meridian. 
The base line for this survey is a line running 
due west from the point where the third prin- 
cipal meridian crosses the Illinois river and 
passes just south of Beardstown. The town- 
ships extend south from this line to number 14. 
and north to number 29. The ranges number 

9 west and i r east, the last being fractional. 
North of the Illinois river the ranges are num- 
bered east from the fourth principal meridian 
up to the third principal meridian. 

In Douglas county the peculiarities of the 
survey are nearly all exemplified. The jog or 
"falling" in Newman and Garrett townships 
shows the presence of the correction line ; range 
I r east, in Newman and in Sargent townships, 
shows the result of the independent surveys, 
eastward from the third principal meridian and 
westward from the second principal meridian, 
and in range 1 1 east, the southern line of town- 
ship 15 north shows the slight variation in the 
cast and west lines of the two surveys. The 
long- sections in the north tier of township 15, 
clear through Douglas county, were the re- 
sult of the arbitrary placing of the correction 
line; the township surveyor, having found the 
extra half-mile on closing on his standard or 
correction line, threw it into lots and so re- 
corded it. Many contradictions between the 
record and actual measurement are found, but 
the rule is established that where the original 
corners can be found they are unalterable, and 
remain under the law as the true corners they 
were intended to represent, even though not 
exactly where strict ])rofessional care might 
have placed them in the first instance. Missing- 
corners must be re-established in the identical 
localities they originally occupied, and when the 
s])ot cannot lie determined bv existing land- 
marks in the field, resort must be had to the 
field notes of the original survey. The history 
of the first survey of Douglas county is not 
complete, but township 16, range 8, was sur- 
veyed by John Messinger, April. 1821; town- 
ship 15. range 9, by W. L. May, in May, 1821 ; 
townships 14 and 15, in range 8, by C. McK. 


TlamtraiR-k, w liii sulnliviilcd lci\\nslii|) I5,ran!;c 
g. into sections in Jnne. iXji. 

Tol^ogra/^hv and .i,'<'"/<'.i,'.\'- — D<>u,y;1as cmmly 
lies alioiit niidwav helween tlie nortli and siuilli 
limits in eastern Illinois. It is Ixmnded on the 
north \>v Chamiiait;'!!. on the east hy lul^ar, 
on the .south hy Coles and on the west hy Moul- 
trie and I'iatt. It lies on the divide hetwcen the 
hydro.q;ra])hic hasins of the AN'ahash and Kas- 
kaskia risers, sending its surface drainage 
throui;;ii the Embarrass to the one mid lln-ongh 
the Okaw to the other. Tlie Einharrass. po]>- 
iilarly i)rononnced ".Xmhraw" through a cor- 
ruption of the French, takes its rise near To- 
lono, in Chain]Kiign county, and, flowing' south- 
easterly through this county, proceeds in its 
mcanderings some ninety miles before it reaches 
the Wabash in T-awrence county. It was 
m;irked l'"ox ri\er in the government survey, 
I)ut the French name seems to have outlived 
it. It is said that this name had its Origin with 
the original settlers at Vincennes, who found 
the marshy margins of that river in that region 
a great embarrassment to early travel. The 
Okaw is the head waters of the Kaskaskia, and 
rises in Champaign county. Flowing nearly 
a direct south course, it passes through Garrett 
and r.ourbon townships, atid llicnce south- 
westerly to the Mississijipi river in Randnlpb 
county, after a meandering coiu'se of three 
hundred miles. The regular tributaries to these 
streams are few, the Embarrass receiving the 
Brushy I'^ork from the northeast, a small creek 
draining the southeast corner of Newman and 
the northwest corner of Sargent townships ; 
Deer Creek, a prairie creek flowing nearly di- 
rectly east, and joining the main stream on the 
line of section 33. in Sargent townshi]); and 
Scattering Fork, a tributary which divides into 

three branches, which extend through Tu.scola 
township, about a mile apart, and traverse the 
township in a .southeasterly direction. The 
tiibutarics of the Okaw arc all on the west side 
ot the river in this comity, and all have a south- 
easterly course. There are three only, Dry 
I'lirk, Lake Fork and Big Slough, joining the 
main at points about five miles apart, 
and arc characteristically named. 

The whole area of the county is covered so 
deeply witli drift clays that there is no outcrop 
"I the underl3-ing coal measure strata. I'roiii 
the ex])osurcs in the adjoining comities, it is 
known that the underlying beds belong to the 
ui)])er coal measures, and ])niba])ly include two 
or three of the upper coals, but the extent to 
which they are developed here can only be 
determined with the drill. It is not probaljle 
that any hea\y bed of coal will be found short 
oi six hundred or eiglit hinidi-ed feet from the 
surface, though one of the upper seams, two 
or three feet thick, might be found at a mod- 
erate depth. The drift clays are found here at 
nearly their maxiiiinin thickness, but only the 
u]i])er part of this deposit is to be seen in the 
natural outcrops in the bluffs of the streams. 
Piowldcrs are rarely found of any great size 
in the county, and in many parts they are un- 
known. In iither sections, however, there are 
enough, weighing from one to five hundred 
pounds, to add some difficultj' to the tilling of 
the .soil. The largest specimen of this rock 
stands in the southeast corner of section 28, 
tnwnship 16, range 7. It protrudes consider- 
ably above the ground, showing some one 
thousand cubic feet. \\'ater is generally ob- 
t;n'ned of fair quality at a depth of twenty 
or thirty feet. L^pon section 33, town- 
ship 16, range 9, in Camargo township, is a 



fine fountain of living water, widely known as 
"Patterson's Spring;" a similar one near the 
Okaw on section 14, township 16, range 7, is 
called the "Sulphur Spring," and another is in 
Hackett's Gro\'e, section 31. township 16, range 
9, the overflow of which finally reaches the Em- 
barrass, through Scattering Fork. The soil is 
mainly a deep, black, vegetable mold, character- 
istic of tlie prairie lands throughout the central 
portions of the state. On the timber lands the 
soil is a light grayish clay, rather better adapted 
lo wheat growing than the prairie soil. 

The szvaiii[^ lands. — Douglas county is sit- 
uated on the Grand Prairie, and is generally 
a low, level tract of country. This fact greatly 
retarded its early settlement, as a large propor- 
tion of its area was covered with water during 
certain portions of the year. Cultivation has 
done much to remedy this evil, but the task of 
draining so large an area, where Init few good 
natural outlets exist, has been a slow work. 
In addition to this general character of this 
region, there was a large area in the county, as 
well as throughout the central portion of the 
state, of swamp or overflowed lands. On the 
28th of September, 1850, the general govern- 
ment granted to the several states the whole 
of these lands, "made unfit thereby for cultiva- 
tion, and remaining unsold" on or after that 
date. On March 2, i8ss. "An act for the re- 
lief of purchasers and locators of swamp and 
overflowed lands," pnn'ided upon proof by the 
authorized agent of the state, before the com- 
missioner of the general land office, that any 
of the lands purchased by any person from the 
United States, prior to the passage of this act 
(March 2, 1855), were swamp lands within 
the true intent and meaning of the act of Sep- 
tember 28, 1850, "the purchase money shall 

be paid over to the state wherein said land is 
situated; and when the lands have been located 
l)y warrant or scrip, the said state shall be 
authorized to locate a like quantity of any pub- 
lic lands, subject to entry, at one dollar and 
twenty-five cents per acre or less, and patents 
shall issue therefor." By an act approved 
March 3. 1857. "all lands selected and reported 
li> the general land office," under the above 
recited laws, were "confirmed to said states 
respectively so far as the same remained va- 
cant, unapi)ropriated and not .interfered with 
I)y an actual settlement under any law of the 
United States." 

Under the act of 1855. indemnity for lands 
disposed of by the United States on scrip or 
\\'arrant was sought to be secured out of lands 
outside of the state limits, but the interior de- 
partment decided (February 5, 1866) that 
"such indemnity must be limited to the state in 
\\hich the original selections were situated, 
and as there are no puljlic lands in Illinois with 
which to satisfy such awards, if made, this of- 
fice declines to take cases as the one in ques- 
tion into consideration." On April 12, 1881, 
the department rendered a decision to the effect 
tiiat "the right of indemnity under existing 
laws goes only to sales made prior to March 
3, 1857; for sales subsequent to this latter date 
no indemnity is now provided." Another ques- 
tion arising under these acts, in whicli Doug- 
las county, with certain others, has a peculiar 
interest, relates to the original grant to the Illi- 
nois Central Railway Company. These lands 
were granted by the general government by an 
act approved March 20, 1850, and conveyed 
e\ ery alternate section, designated by even num- 
bers, for six sections in width on each side of 
the road. ^ Applications for indemnity for cer- 


Rioc;i>:.\r]iicAL and historical. 

tain lamls witliin tlie six miles limit of this 
prant were denied by the department in Novem- 
l>er, 1855, on the ground "that those lands 
Avliich had heen removed hv the president imder 
the act (if Sei)lcniher jo. 1S50. did nui ])ass to 
the state hy virtue nf tlie swamp laud act." 
Tliis tlecision has heen re])eatedly rc-altirmed, 
and as late as 1881 efforts are being made to 
set aside the effect of these several decisions 
by congressional action, and until such remedial 
legislation is accom])lished. Tuscola and .Ar- 
eola townshijjs will not be able to recover any 
indemnity for swamp lands. 

It will be iibser\ed that under existing laws 
and decisions of the dei)artment i>f the interior, 
only the cash indemnity is available to Illinois 
claimants, and that only on lands erroneously 
disposed of by the United States between Sep- 
tember 20, 1S50, and March 3, 1857. In most 
of the counties in Illinois, the original selec- 
tions of swamj) lands were incomplete, for the 
reason that the county authorities who selected 
them under instructions of the governor failed 
in most cases to list any swamp lands which 
had been entered prior to the actual date of 
the selection. But few of these selections were 
made prior to 1852, and most of them not imtil 
1853, so that the new selections are made to 
include all swamp lands entered after Septem- 
ber 20, 1850, and not previously reported. 
Douglas county has filed its claim and proofs 
for some six thousand acres, but has only re- 
ceixed two thousand, eight hundred and fifty- 
one dollars and twenty-one cents, which is as 
yet unappropriated. 

Agriculture. — Douglas is a purely agricult- 
ural county. The i)rime essentials of cheap 
coal, constant water-power and abundance of 
timber all seem to be lacking in quantities ade- 

f|uate for manufacturing purposes. The dif- 
ferent streams of the county are all fringed 
with a good growth of timber, which includes 
the usuay varieties of this latitude, such as 
white, black, Spanish and red oaks, shelbark 
and u liitc hickory, sugar and white maple, white 
and red (slippery) elm, black and honey lo- 
cust, white and black walnut, swamp and up- 
land ash, .sycamore, cottonwood, nnilberry and 
wild cherry. Since the land has been under 
cultivation, considerable timber has been added 
by the cultivation of forest trees on the prairie,- 
lo the success of which numerous groves about 
the county bear witness, ^\'ood is still the prin- 
cipal fuel and i.s hauled to the various villages 
in considerable quantities. The varieties gen- 
erally used are hickory and oak, and bring 
l)rices varying from four to five dollars per 
cord. Since the building of tlie east and west 
railroails, coal has come largely into use, not 
only in tlie town, but among the farmers also, 
and will eventually supplant wood as fuel. 
The coal used is generally the bituminous va- 
riety, of Indiana, and is sold at alx)ut three 
dollars and a half per ton. No generally ob- 
served system of agriculture is followed by 
the farmers here. Average success has yielded 
too liberal returns to make a study of the scien- 
tific principles underlying this industry seem 
a necessity, and many innovations have been 
introducetl in farming methods during the last 
twenty years. The pioneer farmer had enough 
to engage his attention and resources in pro- 
viding a plain subsistence for his family, and 
did little in the way of improved methods of 
cultivation, but with the rude, careless method 
in vogue, the land yielded considerably in ex- 
cess of the home demand, and in the absence 
of any profitable market there was no suffi- 



cient inducement to increase the annual prod- 
uct by increased care and system. The first set- 
tlers began their improvement in the timber, 
and the scarcity of this in the county greatly 
delayed its development. It was not until the 
building of the Illinois Central Railroad that 
the prairie land began to be taken up for cul- 
tivation, and then the great obstacle of its low, 
wet character retarded the movement. For 
some years this was borne with as beyond rem- 
edy, or at least not to be improved save by years 
of cultivation. Up to alunit 1878 the farming 
interests suft'ered verv nuich from this cause, 
many farmers selling their property after sev- 
eral successive annual failures and moving to 
drier locations in the west. The new purchasers 
\\ere generally men of some capital, who at 
once grappled with the evil, and by a system 
of drainage favored by good seasons revolu- 
tionized farming interests and made Douglas 
county as good an agricultural region as is 
found in the state. Tiles are most extensively 
used and the soil is richly productive and does 
not need enriching by artificial means. Com- 
mercial fertilizers are unknown here, and even 
tlie accumulations of the liarnyard are not pre- 
served with care and seldom used. The lack 
of demand for its use is the prime reason for 
this waste, but the large demands upon the 
prairie farmer's time is also a notable factor in 
this matter. There is a time in the spring when 
tlie hauling and scattering of manure might 
be done without the neglect of other duties, 
but in this latitufle the soil is generally at this 
time so soft that it is considered unwise to cut 
it up with the wagon. The fertility of the soil 
has led to the practice of cropping the same 
field for twelve or fifteen years in succession, 
but this practice has of late years given way to 

a more or less systematic rotation of crops 
v.hich is found to be advantageous. 

The great staple of the county is corn. 
This is usually the first crop planted on sod 
ground, and generally is succeeded by a second 
crop, and then by wheat. The ground is gen- 
erally well prepared and the seed put in by a 
two-horse machine. The rows are laid out 
regularly both ways, and the crop is generally 
well cultivated. This is principally done with 
tlie double cultivator passing in both directions 
and continued until the plant is some four feet 
high or begins to "joint," when the crop is 
"laid by." The farms are generally large, 
averaging throughout the county from one hun- 
dred and sixty acres to two hundred acres, 
and the usual amount of help available will not 
permit further care, even if it was deemed nec- 
essary. More care is not, however, considered 
of any advantage. Corn is husked from the 
standing stalk, a wagon being driven along 
one side and two rows taken at a time, the ear 
being stripped, broken ofif and thrown in the 
wagon to be transferred to the crib. This har- 
vesting is generally done in November, but 
it is often late in the following month before 
the crop is all housed. Many of the cribs are 
mere temporary structures designed for the 
season's yield, and are built at the most con- 
\'enient point. The present season has been es- 
pecially unfavorable for housing corn. The 
warm wet weather has prevented the grain 
from hardening and drying, and some have 
been obliged to put lines of tile through the 
body of the grain to give it air to dry. The 
different towns about afiford good marketing 
facilities, and it is generally disposed of in the 
ear, but few steam shellers being found in the 
county. A large proportion of the yield is fed 



to stock, hut a still larticr iJiMpcirtinii, perhaps, 
is sliipped awa}' anil t'orms an iuipurtant SDurcc 
<if revenue. 

\\ heat is an ini])nrtant product of the cnun- 
tv. In ;ui earlv dav this was thdus^ht to he ill 
adapted to llie soil and climate and was only 
found to succeed on the sod ground of the tim- 
ber lands. Continued cultivation and the care- 
ful chiiice of seed has deselnped the fact that it 
can he ^rownanywhei'cwith fairsuccess.thi iu.i;h 
many still hokl that it is more productive 
on the soil of the timber belt. While it is found 
to do well on sod ground, is generally sown ou 
corn stuhhle. Tn this case it is usually drilled 
in with a single-horse machine of five hoes 
between the rows. When sown otherwise, the 
ground is carefully prepared and the seed put 
in with a two-horse drill. The grain is threshed 
in the field, the steam-i)ower and horse-power 
thresher being in about equal use and favor. 
The straw was, some years ago, generally 
l)urned, l)ut a more economical method has 
since come in \ogue, and the straw stack gen- 
erally left open to stock, which are found to 
thrive in an open winter with very little other 
feeding. The sales of wheat each year reacli 
a high figure and find the general market 
through the elevators which are found at each 
of the principal villages of the comity. ():\\> 
are grown to a considerable e.\tent, and lorm 
a considerable part of marketable product of tlic 


This road was completed through Douglas 

county in 1855, the charter having been granted 

by act of congress in 1850. This was the first 

■,;blic work that received subsidies of land from 

the United States government. The matter 
was engineered by Stephen A. Douglas, at that 
time I'nited States .senator, in which 
he had the task of reconciling and combining 
in lavor of the measure the inllncnce of both 
I'.enton and Clay, who were strongly opposed 
to each other in everything else. Mr. Clay said 
in a speech that he "had traveled these prairies 
for days at a time and never saw a tree as large 
as a walking stick." Douglas turned to Benton 
and said, "He ne\'er was on a prairie in his 
life, and on our jjrairies you are never out of 
sight of timjjcr a nnnute." 

This road was granted every alternate sec- 
tion of land, designated by e\en numbers, for 
si.x miles on either side of the track, afterward 
increased b_v a further grant of the alternate 
sections within fifteen nnles of the track on each 
s.'de of the road and its branches, all even num- 
bered sections, except section 16, which was 
reserved for schools and also excepting lands 
occupied by actual settlers. The L'nited States 
lands had l)een selling for one dollar and 
twenty-five cents per acre and the price of the 
remaining lands was immediately doubled, and 
some are said to have sold as high as five and 
six dollars per acre. 

The government reserved the ])rivilege of 
transportation, free of toll or other charge, of 
anv pro])erty or troops of the United States, 
.■iiid a condition was, that the should be 
comi)leted in ten _\eru"s, and the company, by 
act of as.seml)ly, to pay into the state treasury 
fi\e per cent, of the gross earnings of the road 
for all future time, and also, three- fourths of 
one ])er cent, of stock and assets, or enough to 
make at least seven per cent, of the gross earn- 
ings, a perpetual revenue to the state; and the 
lands were to be free from taxation until they 



had been sold and conveyed. By the charter 
road is free from local and municipal taxation. 
The number of acres granted to this road in 
the state was two million, five huntlred and 
ninety-five tlmusand. 

The relati\e elevations of points along the 
line of this road in the county are as follows : 

The south line of the county. . . . 303.0 

Areola station 303-7 

Bourbon Switch 279.3 

Tuscola station 285.3 

North line of county H--? 

This makes Areola 18.4 feet higher tiian 
Tuscola, on the line of the road. The north 
line of the county is the highest point, but one, 
between Centralia and Champaign, the high- 
est point being two miles north of Tolono. It 
is notable, however, in connection with these 
facts, that Tuscola is conspicuous from the sur- 
rounding country, which is not the fact in the 
case of Areola, and may be owing to some ex- 
tent to the elevation of some buildings, as the 
court house and seminary. These figures apply 
to this railroad only. It will not do to compare 
them as they stand with comparative elevations 
upon other roads in the county. 


This road traverses the county from east to 
west, north of the middle, in township 16 and 
near the middle of Newman, Camargo, Tuscola 
and Garrett townships, intersecting the Illinois 
Central at Tuscola, the county seat. It was 
finished through the county in 1872. The 
charter of the Indiana & Illinois Central 

Railroad Company, of Indiana, bears date of 
December 30, 1852; that of the Decatur & 
Indianapolis was dated March 21, 1853, and 
these were consolidated in 1854, forming the 
I., D. & W. Railway, the road receiving its pres- 
ent name under reorganization in 1876. 

In 1868, Douglas county purchased 2,459 
shares of the capital stock of the company and 
there was issued to the county a certificate for 
the shares. These were at a par value of $122,- 
<)50 and were purchased of private parties in 
Indianapolis for $20,000. The transaction 
was conducted by T. H. Macoughtry, Maiden 
Jones, and Thomas S. Sluss, and reported to 
i\pril term of county court, 1868. In 1872 
the county issued to the company $80,000 in 
bonds, with interest at ten per cent., payable 
annually, i)rincipal payable in twenty years, 
reserving the right to pay the principal after 
eight years; this in accordance with the will of 
the electors, as expressed at the polls July 15, 
1869. There was also subscribed in aid of this 
road, by a vote of the people in Newman town- 
ship, $12,000; Camargo township, $15,000; 
Tuscola township, $20,000; Garrett township, 
$13,000; making an aggregate of $60,000, 
payable in fourteen years, with interest at ten 
per cent. Pending the building of the road 
large quantities of lands had lieen acquired by 
the company, long its line in this and other 
ciiunties, in sul.)Scriptions of private parties for 

The relative elevations of points along the 
line of this road, in the county, are as follows : 

East line of county 247 

Newman 238 

One mile east of Camargo 268 

Two miles west of Camargo. . . . 268 


BIO(il<.\l'lllC\l, A.\l) HISTORICAL. 

Tuscola 251 

Atwood, west line of count}' 257 


This line traverses tlie county from cast to 
west, in the south part, crossing the Illinois 
Central at Areola. It was originally an enter- 
prise of citizens of Areola and the vicinity, and 
was first called the I'aris & Decatur. Upon 
the extension of the line to Terre liante. tiie 
name of that city was ]irefi.xed, and, finally, a 
further addition was made to Peoria. It is 
now operatetl 1)\- the X'andalia system. The 
first train passed over this road October 25, 


This road was instituted by Tuscola 
])eo])lc, materially aided l)y influential parties 
in Douglas and \'ermilion counties. It runs in a 
northeast direction from Tuscola, leaving 
Douglas county in the northeast part of Cam- 
argo townshi]), thence through parts of Chani- 
])aign and \'ermilion counties to the ancient 
town of Dallas, and to Danville. The prelim- 
inary surveying was done upon this line in 
January, 1872, and ground broken the follow- 
ing .\pril. It is now the Chicago & Eastern 
Illinois, running from Chicago to St. Louis. 

Other roads have been proposed which were 
designed to cross the count}- in some part, as a 

road from I'ana to Tolono, through Garrett 
township; a Mattoon & Danville, through 
I'owdre and Newman, and a Charleston & 
Danville, touching Sargent township, all of 
which \v.i\v had preliminary surveys. Another 
l)roposc<l mad is 


Which runs in a southwesterly direction from 
.\rcola, has been graded for sc\cr;d miles. In 
October, 1871, delegations from Areola and 
Tuscola met in Shelbyville, in the interests of 
this road and that of their respective towns; 
this, of course, was whilst the Illinois Central 
was the onl}' railroad in the county. 


In the act creating the county of Douglas, 
the new county l)ecame responsible for one- 
fourth part of the indebtedness of Coles county 
to the Terre Haute & Alton Railroad, and 
accordingly, at a special meeting of the county 
board, January 8, 1868, the county purchased 
of John Monroe, of Coles county, bonds num- 
bers I to 15 inclusive amounting to $19,070.98, 
and also ]);iid interest on a remaining $I0,000, 
amounting to $7,800. and since, about $12,500 
of interest and principal, making a total cost to 
the county, in the tran.saction, of $39,370.98. 
Coles county had taken $100,000 in the stock 
of the road, now called the I. & St. L. 







The war of the Relielhon is a great land- 
mark in the history of tlie nation. It is a no 
less important one in the history of Douglas 
county. In its early history the winter of the 
"great snow" measured the perspective of re- 
ceding years, but in the maturer age "the war" 
marked the turning of a new page. In those 
years of national trial there was scarcely a fam- 
ily in the county that was not called upon to 
do and suffer for the common weal, and many 
a heart sorrow or the foundation of a pros- 
pen ms fortune dates back to those fateful 

The political events which preceded the 
war found many anxious watchers here. The 
senatorial campaign of 185S, with the succeed- 
ing presidential contest of i860, in both of 
which Lincoln was the exponent of principles 
then in the ascendancy in Douglas county, 
served to fix the attention of this section upon 
the political storm which seemed to be gather- 
ing with portentions mutterings over the south- 

ern portions of the country. It is doubtful 
whether hope or fear predominated in the 
minds of the people as the day approached 
when Lincoln was to be inaugurated, but the 
hope and expectation of the great majority 
was that, in his grasp, the serpent of secession 
would be strangled, as Jackson had done be- 
fore in the case of the "Nullifiers." It was in 
this state of vacillation between hope and fear, 
that the reverberations of Fort Sumter's guns 
assailed the ears of the eager North. It was 
this explosion, echoing round the world, that 
united the various political elements, and made 
men Union or non-Union. Niceties of political 
distinctions were almost entirely lost sight of, 
and wliile the change of front was too sudden 
and radical to secure the adhesion of all to 
one party, Douglas county, in the main, pre- 
sented but one sentiment, and that for the sup- 
port of the Union. Saturday, April 13, 1861, 
Fort Sumter surrendered. The news spread 
over the country and Douglas county respond- 
ed to the call for troops with a patriotic en- 
thusiasm not excelled liy any community in 



tlie state. \'oIunteerii\a: for the service was 
spirited, and prominent in the efforts to se- 
cure troops for tlie defense of the Union should 
be mentioned the names of E. McCarty and 
J. B. McCown. 

It was not until the second year of the 
war that the county took official action to aid 
enlistments. In July, 1862, the county court 
passed an order "for the purpose of aiding in 
enlistment of volunteers for the United States 
service to be raised in the county of Douglas; 
for the support of the families of those who 
have heretofore enlisted from Douglas 
county." By this order the sum of $2,000 
was appropriated, or as nuich as necessary for 
the purpose. At the same time, to carry out 
the intention of this appropriation, it was fur- 
ther ordered "that the justices of the peace 
of the county be invited and requested to act 
in concert with the court in carrying out this 
laudable intention, by acting promptly in this 
matter, by ascertaining and reporting to the 
clerk of this court the names of all volunteers 
who were or are residents of their respective 
precincts at the time of entering the service, 
showing separately the names of all those 
leaving wives and families or others dependent 
upon them for a livelihood and support. The 
said justices shall from time to time keep them- 
selves advised of the condition and wants of 
all such families as far as the comforts and 
necessaries of life are concerned, and shall 
make arrangements with some merchant, or 
merchants, grocer or grocerymen, to furnish 
the said families and persons dependent, as 
aforesaid, with the said necessaries, using due 
caution and circumspection with an eye to 
economy, reporting their acts and doings in 
the premises to this court at each regular 

meeting of the board, together with the bills 
made for said sui)port, properly certified to by 
them, for allowance as other claims by the 
court; and further to do and perform what 
other duties may become necessary as time 
may suggest in the premises." A regular tax 
was subsequently levied for tliis ])urpose, and 
in December, 1864, it was ordered "that Gil- 
bert Summe be appointed agent, whose duty it 
shall be to visit all such destitute families and 
ascertain their exact condition, and supi)ly 
their wants by giving orders to grocers and 
merchants for such groceries or clothing as 
their wants may require, specifying definitely 
the (juantity of each item and article, using all 
due care and circumspection with an eye to 
strict economy, and keeping a just and correct 
account by copy of each order, in whose favor 
drawn, and to whom the order may be sent. 
It shall be the duty of said agent further to 
agree with some merchant or merchants, gro- 
cer or grocers, to supply the said volunteers' 
families with such things as they may require 
at a reduction on their customary rates of sale, 
if such an arrangement .be possible." The tax 
reached one and a quarter mills upon the dol- 
lar for this purpose, and the method of dis- 
bursing it was changed so as to pay each wife 
or motlier of volunteers $r per week, and fifty 
cents per week for each child under ten years 
of age. What sum the county expended in 
this way does not appear in the state reports, 
and no reliable estimate can be made of it, but 
it was a very considerable sum, and does honor 
to the loyal, generous sentiment of the county. 
No bounties were offered by the county. 
In fact, there seemed no necessity for this ex- 
penditure to stimulate enlistments, the county 
promptly meeting the demands made upon it 



and filling- its quota without resort to draft. The 
population of Douglas county in i860 was 
7,109; the enrollment showed, in 1863, 1,491 
men subject to military duty, and 1,803 '^ 
1864. and 1.846 in January, 1865. The quota 
of the county in 1861 was 199 men; in 1862, 
136; under the calls of February i and March 
14, 1864, for an aggregate of 700,000 men, 
Douglas county's quota was 336, and under 
the call of July 18, 1864, for 500,000, it was 
281, making a total of 952 men as the quota of 
the county prior to December 31, 1864. Up 
to this period the enlistment had reached 1,008, 
making an excess of 56 men. Under the last 
call, December 31, 1865, the quota was 225, 
and the enlistments 167, making the grand 
total of quotas: For the war, 1,177, ^"*i the 
credits, 1,175, 'i deficit of 2 men. It is probable, 
however, that instead of a small deficit, Doug- 
las county furnished more than her quota, if 
all who volunteered from it had found their 
names placed to its credit. 

The first full company — D, Twenty-first 
Illinois — went out under the command of Capt. 
James E. Callaway, of Tuscola, who became 
lieutenant-colonel. President Grant was the 
first colonel of this regiment. B. Frank Reed, 
of Bowdre township, was also a captain of this 
company. He died in Sei)tember, 1865, of 
woiunds received at Chickamauga. William 
Brian was the first captain of Company H, 
Twenty-fifth Regiment. F(jur companies were 
made up for the Seventy-ninth, Allen Buckner, 
of Areola, being the colonel. A. Van Deren, of 
Tuscola, was captain of Company B; William 
A. Low, of Newman, was captain of Company 
E ; Oliver O. Bagley, of Camargo, was captain 
of Company G. and Dr. H. D. Martin, of 

Areola, was captain of Company K. Dr. Mar- 

tin died of wounds received at Liberty Gap, 
June 25, 1863. Gilbert Summe, of Tuscola, 
was captain of Company A, Seventy-ninth 
Illinois, a three months' regiment. Derrick 
Lamb, of Tuscola, was captain of Company 
F, One Hundred and Forty-ninth, and after- 
ward of Company G, One Hundred and Thirty- 
fifth. J. M. Maris, of Tuscola, was quarter- 
master in the Si.xty-third Regiment. J. B. 
McCown, of Camargo, was colonel of the 
Sixty-third, in which regiment J. W. McKin- 
ney was surgeon. W. H. Lamb, of Tuscola, 
was adjutant of the Seventy-ninth. Wesford 
Taggart, of Tuscola, was lieutenant-colonel of 
the Twenty-fifth. Dr. J. L. Reat was surgeon 
of the Twenty-first. Henry Von Trebra, of 
Areola, was colonel of the Thirty-second In- 
diana. He died in Areola in August, 1863. 
Simeon Paddleford, of Tuscola, was a quar- 
termaster in the Twenty-first Illinois. Doug- 
las county was represented by a few men in 
each of the regiments, Twenty-third, Fifty- 
seventh, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Illi- 
nois Infantry, in the Second, Fifth and Tenth 
Illinois Cavalry, and the Chicago Light Artil- 
lery. In the Twenty-first, Twenty-fifth, Fif- 
ty-fourth, Seventy-ninth, One Hundred and 
Thirty-fifth, One Hundred and Forty-ninth 
Illinois Infantry and Thirteenth Illinois Cav- 
arly there were larger representations, and a 
more e.xtendetl notice of the regiments" career 
is subjoined ivom the adjutant general's re- 
})( irt. 


The first of Douglas county's contributions 
to the war went out in Company D, of the 
Twenty-first Regiment. The officers of this 
company were as follows : 



Cdf'tains — J. E. Callaway, till September 
i(). iSf)-': B. F. Reed, till September 22, 1863; 
J. T. KirkiiKin, till June 7. 1864; P. A. Cord, 
til muster out of regiment. 

]-irst Licittciiaiits — B. F. Reed, till Sep- 
tember ly, 1862; Simeon Paddletord, till Au- 
gust 18, 1864; J. \V. Pierce, till May 13, 1865; 
S. II. Ford. 

Second Lieutenants — J. T. Kirkman, till 
September k), 1862; Lawrence McCiratli, not 

Enlisted men from Douglas county were: 

First Se)\i(ea)it — G. P. Barlow. 

Ser^eiiiils — C. A. Coykendall, died at Tus- 
cola, January 10, 1865; F. T. Westfall, Sim- 
eon Paddleford, promoted first lieutenant; Cor- 
nelius Hopkins. 

Corporals — John Welliver, promoted ser- 
geant ; Evan Callentine ; S. A. Albin, died Jan- 
uary I, 1863; of wounds; P. A. Cord, W. W. 
Wat.son, James Gillogy ; Simon Childers, died 
April I, 1862; John Pence. 

Musicians — J. R. Eldred, William Mitchell. 

Wagoner — B. F. Owings. 

Privates — S. Ayres; J. C. Ackerman. killed 
at Stone River, January i, 1S63; W. Avery, 
died May 4, 1864, i)risoner of war; L. P. Bunt- 
ing, killed at Stone River January i, 1863; 
k. B. Bostwick; D. \V. Barnett, died January 
2/. 1864, ])risoner of war; W. S. Brasselton, 
died Marcli 1. 1863; W. W. Bagley; J. E. Bag- 
ley, died July 4, 1864, prisoner of war; C. 
Burns, J. Byers. killed at Stone River, January 
I, 1863; J. W. r.arrum. J. W. Brinnegar, E. 
Coffin, S. C. Clubb; I. S. Cross, died Septem- 
ber 6, 1864. i)risoner of war; J. Condit, J. Cos- 
let, W. C. Coslet, F. M. Daniels, John Daniels, 
Steven Daniels, G. W. Doyle; L. J. Day, killed 
at Chickamauga, September 20, 1863; G. Earl, 

S. H. I'ord, William iMiddle, (1. M. Grace, W. 
W. Grace; Jacob Good, died January 23, 1863; 
.\. Geer, E. Hollingsworth. I ). 1 laincs, Thomas 
Haines, R. P.. lloofman; G. llelmick, died 
March 28, i8(')_>; William Hill, .\. Ilagaman, 
J. Hr)rnback; Thomas Keaton, tlied Xoveniher 
21, 1861; William Leston, S. A. Lindsay, 
John Lyons, N. B. Modissell, Charles Mont- 
gomery; L. McDowell, died August i, 1863; 
1". Mary, Thomas McGuire, J. D. Maddo.x, 
J. N. Neal; E. H. Neal, promoted corporal, 
died January 9, i8ri4, prisoner of war; Henry 
Otten, J. Osborne; .\. H. Perry, drowned at 
Pittman's Ferry, Mary 14, 1862; J. W. Pierce, 
II. R. Potts, William Polk, J. J. G. Russell. 
John Robinett, William Riley; Levi Romine, 
died February 16, 1863; J. Riney, H. Shoap. 
W. N. Saintford, J. Skinner, G. W. Snyder, 
B. F. Shook, J. Shireman ; W. H. Smallwood, 
died January 16, 1863, of wounds; J. Ted- 
row, I. D. Van Meter, R. P. West, John Wa- 
ters, G. W. White, H. Warren, William 

Veterans — S. D. Ayers, C. Burns, R. B. 
Bostwick; P. A. Cord, promoted captain; J. 
Condict, promoted corporal ; F. M. Daniels, Q. 
Ellis; S. H. Ford, promoted first lieutenant; 
William I'riddle; G. M. Grace, promoted cor- 
poral; E. Hollingsworth, D. Haines, T. W. 
Haines, William Hill: W. 11. Liston, promoted 
sergeant; .\. A. Lind.say, Thomas Mctniire, 
William Mitchell: L. McGrath, promoted first 
sergeant: A. J. Newport, B. F. Owings; J. W. 
Pierce, ])romoted first lieutenant; J. C. Still, 
John Waters, W. W. Watson. 

Recruits — S. C. Bagley, died April 24, 
1864, prisoner of war; Q. Ellis, C. C. Lee; W. 
P. Liston. died October 8, 1863, from wounds; 
L. Mc(hath : 1. W. Xoel, killed at St(Mic River, 



December 30, 1862; J. Nell; Thomas Owens, 
died May 28, 1862; A. N. Protzman, Gilby 
Sipple, Thomas Wamsley, J. W. Watson, J. 
M. Wyckoff. 

The regiment was organized in the sev- 
enth congressional district, and was ren- 
dezvoused at Mattoon, Illinois. On the 15th of 
May, 1 86 1, it was mustered into the state serv- 
ice for thirty days, by Capt. U. S. Grant. On 
the 28th of June it was mustered into the Uni- 
ted States service, with Capt. U. S. Grant as 
colonel. A letter from Gen. Grant gives the 
history of his connection with the regiment 
as follows : "I was appointed colonel of the 
Twenty-first Illinois Volunteer Infantry, by 
Gov. Richard Yates, some time early in the 
month of June, 1861, and assumed command 
of the regiment on the i6th of that month. 
The regiment was mustered into the service of 
the United States in the latter part of the same 
month. Being ordered to rendezvous the reg- 
iment at Ouincy, Illinois, I thought, for the 
purpose of discipline and speedy efficiency for 
the field, it would be well to march the regiment 
across the country, instead of transporting by 
rail. Accordingly, on the 3rd of July, 1861, 
the march was commenced from Camp Yates, 
Springfield, Illinois, and continued until about 
three miles beyond the Illinois river, when 
dispatches were received, changing the destina- 
tion of the regiment to fronton, Missouri, and 
directing me to return to the river and take a 
steamer, which had been sent there for the pur- 
pose of transporting the regiment to St. Louis. 
The steamer failing to reach the point of em- 
barkation, several days were here lost. In the 
meantime a portion of the Sixteenth Illinois 
Infantry, under Col. Smith, was reported sur- 
rounded by the enemy at a point on the Han- 

nibal & St. Joseph Railroad, west of Palmyra, 
and the Twenty-first was ordered to their re- 
lief. Under these circumstances, expedition 
was necessary; accordingly the march was 
abandoned, and the railroad was called into 
requisition. Before the Twenty-first reached 
its new destination the Sixteenth had extri- 
cated itself. The Twenty-first was then kept 
on duty on the line of the Hannibal & St. Jo- 
seph Railroad for about two weeks, without, 
however, meeting an enemy or an incident 
worth relating. We did make one march, how- 
ever, during that time, from Salt River, Mis- 
souri, to Florida, Missouri, and returned in 
search of Tom Harris, who was reported in 
that neighborhood with a handful of rebels. 
It was impossible, however, to get nearer than 
a day's march of him. From Salt River the 
regiment went to Mexico, Missouri, where it 
remained for two weeks; thence to Ironton, 
Missouri, passing through St. Louis, on the 
7th of August, when I was assigned to duty as 
a 'brigadier-general, and turnetl over the com- 
mand of the regiment to that gallant and 
Christian officer. Col. Alexander, who after- 
ward yielded up his life, whilst nobly leading it 
in the battle of Chickamauga." 

The regiment remained at Ironton, Mis- 
souri, until October 20, 1861, when it marched 
out from that place, and participated in the 
battle of Frederickstown on the following day. 
Returning to Ironton, the Twenty-first re- 
mained until January 29, 1862, when it 
marched with Gen. Steele's expedition to Jack- 
sonport, Arkansas, when it was ordered to 
Corinth, by way of Cape Girardeau. On May 
24, 1862, the regiment reached Hamburg 
Landing, and took up a position near Corinth 
subsequently. On the evacuation of this place. 



the Twenty-first pursued the enemy from 
Farminjjton. Mississippi, to Booneville. Re- 
turning from tlie pursuit, it formed a i)art of 
an expedition lo Holly Springs. On tlie 14th 
of August, 1862. the Twenty-first was ordered 
to join Gen. Buell's army in Tennessee, which 
it aecomplished. marching 1)y way of Eastport. 
Mississi])i)i. Columliia, Tennessee, Florence, 
Alahama, iManklin. Mnrfrceshoro and Nash- 
ville. Temiessee, arriving at Louisville Sep- 
temher i-j, 1862. On the counter-march across 
Kentucky in pursuit of Bragg, the regiment en- 
gaged in the hattles of Perry ville and Chaplin 
Hill, Company F heing the first troops to en- 
ter Perry ville. From thence the regiment 
marched to Crab Tree Orchard and Bowhng 
Green, Kentucky, and to Nashville, Tennessee. 
When the army marched from Nashville, 
December 26, 1862, this regiment formed a 
part of the Second Brigade, First Division, 
Twentieth Army Corps, and was in the skir- 
mish at Knob (Jap. On December 30, in con- 
nection with the Fifteenth Wisconsin, Thirty- 
eighth Illinois* and One Hundred and First 
Ohio, it had a severe engagement with the en- 
emy near Murfreesboro, where it charged the 
famous Washington (rebel) Light Artillery, 
twelve Parrott guns, and succeeded in driving 
every man from the battery, when it was com- 
])e]lcd to fall back by a division of rebel in- 
fantry. During the battle of Murfreesboro 
it was fiercely engaged and did gallant duty, 
losing more men than any other regiment en- 
gaged, 'i'he Twenty-first was with Gen. Rose- 
crans' army from Murfreesboro to Chat- 
tanooga. On June 25, 1863, the regiment was 
engaged in a severe skirmish at Liberty Gap. 
It was subsetjuently engaged in the battle of 
Cliickamauga, where it lost two hundred and 

thirty-eight ofiicers and men. Col. Alexander 
being killed and Lieut. Col. McIMackin being 
wounded, ("apt. .\. C. Knight took command 
of the regiment, .\fler the battle of Cliicka- 
mauga the Twenty-first was attached to the 
First Brigade, First Division. Fourth .\rmy 
Corps, and remained at Bridgeport, Alabama, 
until the close of 1863. Fe1)ruary 2"], 1864, 
the regiment re-enlisted, some twenty-live men 
of Company D veteranizing. The regiment 
served in the Atlanta campaign, and subse- 
quently was ordered to Texas, where it was 
mustered out Decemlier 16, 1865, at San 


Company H of this regiment was recruited 
in Douglas county. The commissioned ofiicers 
were : Captains — William Brian, till Decem- 
ber 30, 1861; Benjamin F. Ford, till March 2, 
1863; J. H. Hastings, till October 2, 1863; 
John Scott, till nuistered out. 

First Lieutenants — Allen Buckner, till June 
13, 1862; H. C. Paddcjck, till November 14, 
1862; J. H. Ha.stings, till March 2, 1863; 
John Scott, till October 2, 1863 ; Thomas Mal- 
l(jtt, till September i, 1864; James T. Walker, 
till September 21, 1865. 

Second Lieutenants — Archibald \'an De- 
rcn, till July 15, 1862: J. H. Hastings, till No- 
vember 14, i8C)2; John Scott, till March 2, 
1863; Thomas Mallott, till October 2, 1863. 

The enlisted men from Douglas county 
were: First Sergeant — H. Hopkins died at 
Jefferson City September 12, 1861. 

Sergeants — Daniel O'Root, Henry Cook; 
G. W. Harris, promoted sergeant; J. H. Has- 
tings, promoted second lieutenant. 



Corporals — James Lewis, \\\ H. Harrison, 
Daniel Jacobs ; J. T. Walker, promoted first 
lieutenant: Jdhn Yaker; John Scott, promoted 
second lieutenant; G. P. McOuaid, died Mai-cii 
2, 1863, of wounds received at Stone River. 

Musicians — G. P. Sargent J. A. Ritter. 

Wagoner — William Hogland. 

Privates — Charles Allison, promoted cor- 
poral, died January 21, 1863; B. F. Allison, J. 
A. Armstrong, G. W. Anderson, T. Ater; J. 
R. Biggs, died November 21, 1863, of wounds; 
S. Bierfeldt. I. Bashalm, A. Banta, Henry 
Busby, Lewis Cook, Charles Corban, S. Cun- 
ningham, William Donley, William Early, B. 
F. Evans, J. S. Falkner, F. Falster, John 
Gilmore, Josei)h Hammer ; Joseph Hamilton, 
died at St. Louis February 17, 1861; Joseph 
Harvey; J. \V. Hopkins, died at St. Louis 
December 13, 1861 ; E. T. Hopkins, died at 
luka, Mississippi, August 30, 1862; George 
Hopkins, Joseph Hyde, J. Henry, William 
Hewitt, J. H. Ishum; H. T. James, promoted 
hospital steward ; W. D. Jones ; G. Klink, pro- 
moted principal musician; William Leyh; 
Thomas Mallott, promoted corporal, sergeant 
and second lieutenant; Claus Moner; F. H. 
Merely, died at Springfield, Missouri, Febru- 
ary 19, 1862; J. Moore; William Newcomb, 
died February 9, 1863, of wounds; J. P. 
Newell, Elihu Parish, J. C. Perry; W. L. 
Prose, priMiiotecl corporal ; John Rierdon ; C. 
D. Randolph, promotetl corporal ; A. Romine ; 
R. S. Robinson, promoted sergeant; John S. 
Sargeant, R. W. See, E. H. Slace, W. R. Sack- 
ville, H. Stenght, J. M. Siders; W. L. Sowers, 
died near Ackworth, Georgia, June 13, 1864; 
Peter Sipple, A. J. Thompson; J. C. Vestal, 
promoted corporal; M. Whittenborg; John 
Wilson, died at Chattanooga November 28, 

1863; I. S. Wheeler, killed at Pea Ridge, 
Arkansas, March 8, 1862; A. J. Walston, pro- 
miited sergeant. 

Recrnits — Perry Burnham ; J. A. Carthal, 
died at Rolla, Missouri, January 18. 1862; H. 
H. Crist; D. Dennis, died at Jefferson City 
September 12, 1861; I. N. Dickens, S. Epley; 
\\'illiam Helm, died at Nashville November 
9, 1862; D. C. Johnson; S. Kingery, died at 
St. Louis December 25, 1861 ; ^^■illiam Muir, 
James Moore, W. R. Medcalf, H. B. Prose, 
Alexander Perry, William Steyer, J. W. 
Sleeper, Joseph Vinson, C. Winter. 

The Twenty-fifth Regiment was recruited 
in the spring and summer of 1861, and was or- 
ganized in August at Mattoon. The regiment 
was assigned to the Department of Missouri, 
and proceeded to Jefferson City, which was 
then threatened by the army of Gen. Price, 
fresh from its dearly-bought victory at Lex- 
ington. Here the Twenty-fifth remained until 
the latter part of September, when it marched to 
Sedalia, and was assigned to Sigel's famous 
division. Here it remained until the middle of 
October, gaining discipline, foraging, picket- 
ing, etc., and then followed the army toward 
Springfield, remaining here until November, 
when Gen. Hunter assumed command of the 
army, and moved it toward Wilson's Creek, 
the scene of Gen. Lyon's famous fight. This 
mfjvement of Sigel's division was but a ruse 
to cover the real destination of the army, and 
on the 13th it followed the movement of the 
main army to Rolla, where it remained during 
the winter. On February 2, 1862, Gen. Curtis 
having assumed command, the army again 
took up its line of march toward Springfield, 
where the rebel Gen. Price had concentrated 
his forces. The Union forces again took pos- 



session of tlie city im the i.^lli of February, 
witlioiit serious oppositinn. 'I'lien l)ei;an an 
exciting: race until tlie joth, when tlie pursuit 
was al)an(loned, and tlie troo]is allowed a few 
days' rest, having marched four consecutive 
days duriui;- the most inclement weather, there 
being six inches of snow on the ground a ])or- 
tion of the time, and skirmishing with the 
enemv every day during the last week's march. 
Here the army remained till the 5th of March, 
when it became evident that the combined 
forces of Van Dorn, Price and McCullough 
were marching to give battle, and accordingly, 
on the 6th, the army moved toward Sugar 
Creek Valley under the commaufl of Curtis, 
Sigel, Davis and Ashboth, and in the after- 
noon of the same day the rear guard was at- 
tacked and repulsed by the enemy. Thus be- 
gan the battle of Pea Ridge, which resulted 
so disastrouslv to the rebels, and in which this 
regiment took a prominent jiart. The army 
remained in this vicinity until the 5th of .\pril, 
when the march was resumed for Forsythe, 
Missouri, and thence to Batesville, Arkansas. 
Early in May the march was again resumed, 
as was supposed for Little Rock, but orders 
were soon received detaching some ten regi- 
ments under orders to proceed to Cape Gir- 
ardeau, on the Mississippi river, some two hun- 
dren miles distant, and from thence to Pitts- 
burg Landing, Tennessee, by water, to re-en- 
force the troops then besieging Corinth, Mis- 
sissippi. The regiment reached the Landing 
on the 26th of May, and the next day marched 
up to within supporting distance of the main 
army, arriving two days previous to the evac- 
uation. After the pursuit of the retreating en- 
emy ceased the Twenty-fifth was ordered to 
Kentucky, where it took part in the memorable 

cam])aign against Bragg, reaching T'erryville 
Iwi) days after the fight, thence proceeding to 
Crab Orchard, Bowling Cjreen, and on to 
Nashville. Here the regiment remained until 
the latter prul of December, when the Chat- 
tanooga camp.aign began, the Twenty-fifth tak- 
ing part in the bloody engagement at Stone 
River. Spent the winter at Murfreesboro, and 
the spring till the latter ])art of June, 1863, 
when the movement against Chattanooga was 
resumed. The regiment took i),'irt in the vari- 
ous battles and skirmishes which led u\) to 
Chickamauga, in which the Twenty-fifth was 
engaged. Fell l)ack to Chattanooga, where it re- 
mained until the latter ]:)art of November. On 
the 25th of this month the regiment took part 
in the desperate charge on Mission Ridge. Im- 
mediately after this battle the regiment took 
l)art in the forced march of one hundred and 
fifty miles to the relief of Knoxville, arriving 
three days after the siege had been raised by 
Gen. Burnside. From this i)oint the regiment 
n)(}ved to Pjlain's Roads, thence to Dand- 
ridge, Tennessee. From this point tlie army 
fell back to Knoxville, and from thence to 
Kingston, and later to Cleveland, Tennessee. 
From this point in May, 1864, the Twenty- 
fifth moved out with the army on the Atlanta 
campaign. The regiment participated in most 
of the battles of this cam])aign up to the taking 
of i\tlanta, when it was nnistercil out Septem- 
ber 5, 1864. The \eterans and recruits of this 
regiment were consolidated in one company, 
designated at Com]iany H of the Twenty-fifth 
Illinois Infantry, which was mustered out at 
Victoria, Texas, September i, 1865. 


In this regiment Douglas county was rep- 



resented liy Company B. Tlie commissioned 
officers were : 

Captains — S. B. Logan, till July 27, 1864; 
A. B. Balch, till September 18, 1865; Gilman 

First Lieutenants — Johnson White, till 
April 21, 1862; A. M. Houston, till March 11, 
1863; A. B. Balch, promoted February 16, 
1865; Gilman Noyes, promoted, but not mus- 

Scco)id Lieutenants — A. M. Houston, pro- 
moted, not mustered ; A. B. Balch, July 9, 
1863; B. C. Rursell, resigned March 18, 1865: 
R. B. McComb, promoted, but not mustered. 

The enlisted men were : 

First Sergeant — James Shrew. 

Sergeants — R. B. McComb, E. C. Wal- 
ton, Alex. Rodgers and John Scott. 

Corporals — Levi Jester, G. P. Ross, John 
Haley, W. A. Griffin, William Moore, H. M. 
Thompson, J. Bennett. 

ALusician — I. W. Ross. 

Wagoner — William Cosies. 

Privates — F. M. Abrams, Isaac All;)ertz, J. 
P. Allison; A. B. Balch, promoted second lieu- 
tenant; W^alter Bailey, E. R. Bagley, John 
Bear, Simeon Bennett, S. M. Beeman, Cephas 
Carman. Thomas Denning, George Dehart, 
David Ford, John Freddie; M. B. Grove, 
mustered out as corporal ; J. D. Henry, died at 
Memphis November 10, 1863; W. T. Hughes, 
James Jackson, B. D. Jones, Robert Laughlin, 
G. W. Lester, G. Loper, J. P. Laughlin, E. 
Leslie, G. W. Montgomery, R. N. Mclntyre, 
Charles McCaren, G. W. Mussett, John Ma- 
lone, G. W. Miller, Robert Montgomery, Rich- 
ard Alartin, J. S. Osborne, L. Owen, James 
Overman ; B. C. Pursell, promoted second lieu- 

tenant: Robert Perry, N. H. C. Resin, M. 
Rogers, William Rhinehardt, J. P. Roberts, 
John Ross, John Shook, Melton Stansbury, 
Lemuel Semmons, James Stinson, H. Shunie- 
field, D. E. Shull, Elijah Zeigler. 

These are the names of those from Douglas 
county, the balance of the company being 
drawn from Coles and Cumberland counties. 
The company was recruited in the summer of 
1861, and was assigned as Company B to the 
Fifty- fourth Regiment, rendezvoused at Camp 
Dubois, Anna, Illinois. This regiment was or- 
ganized as a part of the "Kentucky Brigade," 
in the formation of which E. McCarty, of 
Douglas county, was so prominent. 

The regiment was mustered into the United 
States service February 18, 1862. On the 24tli 
it was ordered to Cairo, Illinois, and on the 
14th of March moved to Columbus, Kentucky. 
During the fall of 1862 three companies were 
stationed at Humbolt, Tennessee, but on the 
r8th of December the regiment was ordered 
to Jackson, Tennessee. Two days later the 
Fifty- fourth marched to Lexington, but re- 
turned on the 22d; then marched to Britton's 
Lane and Toone's Station, returning to Lex- 
ington. In the meantime Gen. Forrest cap- 
tured the detached portions of the regiment 
stationed on the railroad, and destroyed nearly 
all of the regimental records. The balance were 
lost by the quartermaster's department in tran- 
sit from Columbus to Jackson. The balance 
of the regiment spent the winter and early 
spring at Jackson, two companies being sta- 
tioned at Medon Station, and two at Toone's. 
In April the regiment made a fruitless expedi- 
tion to Corinth and returned. 

May 30, 1863, the Fifty-fourth left Jackson 
for Vicksburg, as a part of the Third Brigade, 



Secniul Dixision. Sixtei'iitli Ainu- C'drps. under 
commaiiil of (Icn. Xatlian Kinil)all as division 
commander, and arrived at Haines' Bluff, on 
tlie Yazoo River, June 2. Tlie rejjiment was 
.sub.sequently stationed on tlie extreme left of 
Siierman's eoniniand on llie P>ig Black, con- 
fronting Johnston's army, on the Canton road. 
.\fter the fall of X'icksliuri^-. the res^iment was 
ordered to Helena, as a p.irt of (ien. Steele's 
expedition ajfainst Little Rock. Arkansas. The 
ex])edition reached its destination in Septem- 
ber, and the Fifty-fourth was retained until 
the following January, 1864, when three- 
fourths of the regiment re-enlisted. 

The veterans of Company B were : Isaac 
AIl)ertz; Henry Barrick, mustered out as first 
sergeant; Joseph Bennett; Cephas Carman; 
William Cheeney; G. A. Dehart; Thomas Den- 
ning; Duncan Fletcher; William Hughes; 
Thomas Irwin; B. D. Jones; James Jackson; 
Levi Jester, mustered out as sergeant ; J. P. 
Laughlin, mustered out as corporal ; R. Laugh- 
lin; E. Leslie, mustered out as sergeant; G. W. 
Lester, mustered out as corporal ; Charles Mc- 
Caren; R. B. McComb, mustered out as ser- 
geant ; P. Cornelius, mustered out as corporal ; 
\Villiam Rhinehart; M. Rogers; I. W. Ross; 
John Scott ; E. C. Walton ; John Writner. 

Recruits — Michael Fitzgerald, Samuel 
Montgomery. Re-enlisted as veteran — C. H. 
Newbanks. The regiment was mustered out 
February 9. 1864. and left for Mattoon, Illi- 
nois, in March, on veteran furlough. 

Just before its return to the field, the regi- 
ment was involved in a most unfortunate oc- 
currence. There was in Coles county an cle- 
ment which was radically opposed to the war. 
The regiment had been ordered to move, but, 
under advice of some radical unionists its de- 

parture was delayed a few hours, as the con- 
vening circuit court, it was thought, would 
bring the element opposed to the war out in full 
force. There is no doubt but that these people 
acted "with zeal not according to knowledge," 
and the retiu'ii of certain ])oi"tions of the regi- 
ment to the county seat luade a conllict with the 
"irreconcilables" inevitable. A conllict fol- 
lowed, the "copperhead" faction led by a 
county officer, and certain ])ortioiis of the regi- 
ment, unarmed but somewhat excited by li(|Uor, 
under the semi-official direction of its ofificers. 
Riotous action followed, in which Maj. Shubal 
York, the surgeon of the regiment, was killed, 
and four privates and Col. G. M. Mitchell were 
wounded. A number of the citizens were 
wounded. One hour later the main pcjrticMi of 
the regiment arrived from Mattoon and occu- 
pietl the town, arresting some of the opposing 
faction, and wounding several citizens. The 
affair ended with an investigation by the mili- 
tary authorities, without changing results or the 
punislimeiit of anybody. The affair created 
great excitement in the country around. 

The regiment moved to the front in April ; 
to Cairo on the 12th, to Columbus on the 14th, 
P'aducah on the i6th. and arrived at Little Rock 
on the 30th. Here the regiment remained until 
May 18, when it moved out to Brownville, and 
thence in pursuit of Gen. Shelby, arriving at 
Little Rock on the jSiOih of that month. After 
remaining here until the latter part of June, 
when the Fifty-fourth again went in pursuit 
of Shelby, marching to Duvall's Bluff and 
Clarendon, striking him on the 25th, and after 
a spirited fight returned to Little Rock. Au- 
gust 5 the regiment was assigned to guard six- 
teen miles of the Memphis & Little Rock Rail- 
road, having five stations, with two companies 



at each. On the ^4tli Shelby made a descent 
upon these detachments in detail with four 
thousand men and four pieces of artillery, cap- 
turing one station. Six companies were con- 
centrated at one station by Col. Mitchell, and 
luaintained a stubborn resistance for five liours, 
when, their hay breastworks being fired by the 
enemy's shells, the garrison was driven out and 
captured in fragments. The loss of the regi- 
ment in tliis fight was one lieutenant and thir- 
teen men killed and thirty-five wounded. Com- 
panies F and H, at a distant station, were not 
molested. The captured part of the regiment 
were paroled at Jacksonport, Arkansas, and 
moved to Benton Barracks, St. Louis, where 
it arrived September 9, 1864. The regiment 
was exchanged December 5, 1864, and was 
moved to Hickory Station, on the Memphis & 
Little Rock Railroad, January 18, 1865, where 
it remained as railroad guard until June 6. 
Tiie Fifty-fourth was then ordered to Fine 
Bluff, where it remained some two months. It 
then proceeded to Fort Smith, where it re- 
mained until October. It was then ordered to 
Little Rock, where it was mustered out October 
15, 1865; arrived at Camp Butler, Illinois, Oc- 
tober 26, and was discharged. During its ex- 
istence, the Fifty-fourth Regiment had one 
thousand, three hundred and forty-two en- 
listed men, and seventy-one commissioned of- 


This regiment was more completely identi- 
fied with Douglas county than any other in 
the service. Among the field officers were Allen 
Buckner, major, promoted to colonel March 
15, 1863; W. H. Lamb, adjutant; first assistant 

surgeon, Henry C. McAllister, promoted sur- 
geon of the Ninety-eighth Illinois Infantry; 
second assistant surgeon. Thomas J. Wheeler, 
promoted surgeon March i, 1865; chaplain, 
C. G. Bradshaw. Four companies of the Sev- 
enty-ninth were recruited in Douglas county, 
Companies B, E, G and K. The commissioned 
officers of Company B were : 

Captains — Archibald Van Deren, promoted 
major January i, 1863; H. D. Pitman, till No- 
vember 6, 1864; Peter Greggers, till muster out 
of regiment. 

First Lieutenants — S. L. Woodworth, till 
February 2, 1863; H. D. Pitman, till January 
I, 1863; Peter Greggers, till November 6, 1864; 
J. B. Hammer, promoted, but not mustered. 

Second Lieutenants — H. W. Rideout, till 
February 10, 1863; Peter Greggers, till Janu- 
ary I, 1863; J. B. Hammer, promoted, but not 
mustered. The enlisted men from Douglas 
were : 

First Sergeant — O. L. Woodward, died at 
Bowling Green, December 27, 1862. 

Sergeants — H. D. Pitman, promoted to first 
lieutenant ; J. B. Hammer, commissioned sec- 
ond lieutenant, but not mustered ; Edward Den- 
nis, died in Andersonville, July 30, 1864; John 
Abbott, transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, 
August 28, 1863. 

Corporals—S. M. Lester, W. M. Beedle, 
M. L. Westfall, Archibald Linton, Thomas 
Jester, mustered out as sergeant; L. C. Smith, 
Peter Greggers, promoted second lieutenant. 

Musicians— W. R. Wallace, B. F. Ward. 

IVagoner — G. W. Stevenson. 

Privates — Lafayette Abbott, died at Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, October 8, 1862; W. A. 
Brown; W. A. Buoy; Henry Banta; Albert 



Castor: J- E. Davis; I. N. Doman, died at Lili- 
erty Ciai), Tennessee. June 25, 1863; John Dar- 
jahn; Clinton Davis; Milton Davis, died at 
Mnrfreesboro. June i. 1863; Silas Da,£jgy, pro- 
nioicd to (luarterniaster scr.qeant : Jacob I-'rahni ; 
John Grant ; I'eter Culk. died at Andersonville 
Prison, July 20, 1864; John (ioodson; Henry 
Grimm : J. Tlihhs; William Hibbs. died at Mnr- 
freesboro, I'ebruary 9. 1863: Charles Howard; 
Larkin E. Jones, mustered out as corporal ; M. 
James; C. James, mustered out as corporal; 
Benjamin Jester; Solomon Johnson, mustered 
out as corporal; Peter Kruize; George Kruize, 
mustered out as corporal ; A. J. Lyght ; H. Lo- 
man ; Asa Love, died at Nashville. December 
8, 1862; Thomas Lester, died at Mnrfreesboro, 
March 7, 1863; Virgil Lester; John Lewis, 
died at Mnrfreesboro, February 17, 1863; T. 
J. Lewis; W. D. Martin; C. G. Miller; W. P. 
Miller; Robert McAllister; William Manus; 
Cvrus Muire; G. W. Nelson, died at Nashville, 
December 14, 1862; E. T. Romine; Daniel 
Romine; H. T. Ring; Jasper Roderick; Perry 
Roderick and C. W. Rea. died at Nashville; 
J. R. Rea; C. W. Rose; J. S. Rush, died at 
Louisville, December 4, 1862; Samuel Ran- 
dolph, died at Chattanooga, March 6, 1864; 
David and J. M. Randolph; J. H. Randolph, 
died at Chattanooga, June 4, 1864; W. T. Rice, 
killed at Resaca; Allen Rea; G. W. Sharpe; Al- 
bert Siler, mustered out as corporal; O. T. 
Smith: ]'>. I'". Shrevcs; V. Stally, mustered out 
as corporal; Cieorge Stovall ; Peter Schnack; 
Hans Schnack; B. F. Terry; J. Veach, died 
at Mnrfreesboro, March 16, 1863; William 
Vinson; G. C. Wilson; J. C. Wilson; Edward 
Webb; H. J. W'ilkins, died at Jeffersonville, 
Indiana, December 18, 1864; James Waller; B. 
F. Wilson; W. B. Watts, died at Murfreesboro, 

January 6. 1863; Ru<l>ilpli Ynst. killed at Res- 
aca. May 14. iS6^. 

CoMPANV E. — The commissioned officers of 
this comi)aiiy were : 

Captains — William A. l.ow, promoted ma- 
jor July 14. ]8()4; 11. S. Alliin, jircjuioted 
March 20, 18^^)5, not mustered. 

First Lioitcuaiits — H. J. Bassett, till No- 
vember 20, 1862; H. S. Albin, till March 20, 
1865; J. C. Perry. 

Second Lieutenants — H. S. Albin, till No- 
vember 20, 1862; H. W. Peters, killed January 
2, 1863; J. C. Perry, till March 20, 1865. Fn- 
listed men : 

First Sergeant — H. W'. Peters, promoted 
second lieutenant. 

Sergeants — J. C. Perry, promoted second 
lieutenant; J. G. Hughes, died at Nashville, 
December 19, 1862; \\\ R. Laughead, mustered 
out as first sergeant; D. H. Howard, died in 
Anderson\ ille prison, August 16, 1864, Grave 
No. 5812. 

Corporals — Anson Skinner, mustered out as 
sergeant ; W. T. Potts, John Skinner, mustered 
out as sergeants; Samuel Hawkins, captured 
at Chickamauga; J. Hopkins, died at Nashville; 
Aaron Britton, dieilin .Andersonville prison; 
J. P. Ross. 

Musicians — I. W. and W. H. Covert. 

Wagoner — J. H. Boyce, died at Nash- 

I'rirates—V,. H. Adams; W. H. .\llison; 
\\ illiam Brockett, killed at Stone River, De- 
cember 31, 1862; O. Brewer; W'. R. Bnnvn; 
W. T. Bundy, died at Gallatin, Tennessee, Jan- 
uary 10, 1863; W. Boyce; Thomas Bull, died 
at Danville, Kentucky, January 4, 1863; P. 
Chezem; H. Catler; Alexander Coslett, died at 



linwling Green, Novenilier 6, 1862; George 
Crist; A. A. Craft: J. H. Coslett, died at Nash- 
ville, January 5, 1863 ; P. Coffin, killed at Stone 
River, December 31, 1862; H. D. Craft; F. 
Dixon; John Durhorow; William Dillon, 
killed at Stone River, December 31, 1862; E. 
Drake; H. Entler; John Fairbairn; A. E. 
Fullert(jn; Isaac Glass, died at Nashville, 
December 9, 1862; S. Gillogly, mustered out 
as corporal ; Alexander Hess ; E. Howard and 
Frank Hensely, died at Nashville ; G. H. Hess, 
mustered out as corporal ; John Hawkins; J. O. 
Harvey; John Harris; R. B. Helm; R. W. 
Harrison; W. H. Jones; B. F. Knipe; W. S. 
Knipe; Jacob Knipe; J. H. Lyon; Charles 
Lyon ; J. J. Moss; L. Morton ; P. Miller; W. P. 
McWilliams; W. Murphy; W. P. McCool; E. 
B. Nell; George Pettit, killed near Marietta, 
Georgia, July 4, 1864; E. S. Root; G. W. Rit- 
ter; W. H. Ritter, died in Richmond prison, 
December 5, 1864; M. Reeves; T. W. Stilwell, 
died in Andersonville prison, October 28, 1864; 
L. Shafer; Joseph Shute: John Smith; J. B. 
Stillwell, died at Chatanooga, June 26, 1864; 
J. L. Stewart, died at Nashville, July 24, 1863 ; 
H. Surber; Henry Stillwell; J. M. Shee; Wil- 
liam Skinner, mustered out as sergeant; D. S. 
Tucker; G. Vanasdel; A .Wylie; G. Wells; 
J. Whittaker; J. H. Wells, died at Murfrees- 
boro, May 22, 1863; J. P. Worrell; J. B. 

Recruits — S. T. Bondurant; J. M. Cogg- 
shell, mustered out as corporal; R. T. Harvey, 
mustered out as sergeant ; V. T. Norris, 
wounded at Kenesaw; William Turbyville, 
mustered out as corporal. 

Company G. — The commissioned officers 

Captains — Oliver O. Bagley, till November 

6, 1864; A. J. Jones, till muster out of regiment. 

First Lieutenants — M. L. Lininger, till 
November 19, 1862; T. B. Jacobs, till April 

7, 1863; Montraville Reeves, till May 4, 1864; 
A. J. Jones, till promoted November 6, 1864; 
Thomas Meeker, who was prisoner of was at 
the muster out of the regiment. 

Second Lieutenants — T. B. Jacobs, till pro- 
moted November 19, 1862; Albert J. Jones, 
till May 4, 1864. 

The enlisted men were : 

First Sergeant — A. J. Jones, promoted 
second lieutenant. 

Sergeants — Thomas Meeker, promoted 
while prisoner of war; Harx-ey Ingrini, John 
Cummings, John Madder. 

Corporals — H. C. Jones,, mustered out as 
sergeant; B. Jacobs, killed at Stone River, 
December 31, 1862 ;E. J. Barnett; S. F. Willis; 
A. Higgins; John Ball; R. G. McGinnis: J, 
S. Reeves. 

Musicians — ^\'. W'oodburx'; H. Helton. 

Wagoner — Laughlin Stewart. 

Privates — James Barnett ; Thomas Bran- 
don; David Ball, killed at Stone River; Allen 
Bryant; John Brockett; H. H. Clark; F. D. 
Clark; A. C. Clark; James Coslett; Isaac Cos- 
lett; Clark Cazard; T. A. Clark; Alexander 
Dawson, died at Nashville, February i, 1863; 
Daniel Dehart; M. C. Drake, mustered out as 
corporal ; W. M. Drake, mustered out as cor- 
poral L. W. Easton ; Jacob Fry, died at Gal- 
latin, December 15, 1862; J. P. Fry; James 
Furman; W. H. Froggett; Beers Guire, died at 
Nashville, April 18, 1864; C. Harlowe; I. 
Henderson; F. A. Holston; James Harper, 
Jr., J. A. Hill; John Ingrim; George Ingrim, 
died at Jeffersonville, Indiana, December 17, 



1864; Isaac Iiigrini, died at Nashville, Decem- 
ber 8, i86j: Herd Ingrim: P. L. Jones; James 
Jacobs, died at ilowlini;- (irccn. January' 18, 
1863: James Kess. died at (ialatin. January 
12, 1863; Alexander Lana. died at (iallatin, 
January 15, iHrt^; J. W. Lett, died at Xasli- 
ville, January ii, 1863 ;J. W. Martin; James 
Munson; James Meek; William McSliane; 
T. W. McDnwell; E. Osborn, died in Hart 
county, Kentucky. November 26, 1862; B. F. 
Osborn, died at Annajinlis, Maryland, February 
6, 1863; Thos. Robinson; W. H. Rake; N. 
Stephen; S. Sears, died at Nashville; William 
Sites; John Thomason; L. Thomason, died at 
Chatanooga, July 3. 1864; Elisha Tinker; W. 
P. Updike ; W. D. West, died at Gallatin, Ten- 
nessee, February 14. 1863; John Willis; S. S. 
Weathers; John Whirl. 

Recruits — J. S. Osborn, killed at Rocky 
Face Ridge, May 9, 1864; M. Reeves, promoted 
first sergeant and then first lieutenant. 

CoMP.'VNY K. — The commissioned officers 
of the company were : 

Captains — H. D. Martin, till July 3, 1863; 
W. W. Davis, till March 6, 1864; W. H. Bas- 
sett, promoted March 6, 1864, but not mus- 

First Lieutenants — W. W. Davis, till July 
3, 1863; W. H. Bassett, till March 6, 1864; W. 
H. Hutchenson. 

Second Lieutenants — Moses Hunter, till 
October 19, 1862; I. P. C. Taylor, till June 6. 
1863; W. H. Bassett, till July 3, 1863; W. H. 

The enlisted men from Douglas county 

First Sergeant — I. P. C. Taylor, promoted 
second lieutenant, 

Sergeants — W. 11. Hutchenson, promoted 
first .sergeant, then first lieutenant; D. C. 
Hutchinson; J. Duuncr; G. W. Allen, pro- 
moted sergeant major. 

Corporals — H. C. Waller, died at Nash- 
ville, December 3, 1864; R. Walch; C. Royrk; 
C. Brawnch, promoted .sergeant and died in 
Andersonville prison, June i, 1864, number of 
grave 1619; Lewis Zeller. 

Wagoner — A. P. Reeves, died near Ste- 
])henson, ./Mabama. Octol)cr 21. 18(^13. 

Privates — N. .\ldrid, died in Danville, 
Virginia, January 22, 1864, while pri.soner of 
war; Joseph Brand, died at Nashville, January 
4, 1863; W. H. Bassett, promoted first ser- 
geant, then first lieutenant; John Beedle; 
Samuel Chauney, died at Andersonville prison, 
October 6, 1864, number of grave, 10459; 
John Chauney; William Chandler, died at 
Nashville, December 21, 1862; John Eliss; 
Stephen Eliss, died at Annapolis, Maryland, 
February 15, 1863; Philip Eaton, died in Dan- 
ville, Kentucky, October 20, 1862; Jesse Ea- 
vins; Edward Franklin; Barton Fallin, died at 
Tullahoma, Tennessee, July 5, 1863; James 
Fallin ; Andrew Hayes ; Eli How ; John Hun- 
ter, died near Murfreesboro; Henry C. Jones; 
Felix Lardenois; James Loyd, died at Mur- 
freesboro. July I, 1863; J. H. Lett; J. N. 
Louthan, mustered out as sergeant; ti. W. 
Ma.xon, mustered out as corporal; Thomas 
McCiinlew pr(imi)to<l curpnral, died in leffer- 
-son barracks, December 22. 1864; Hugh Mc- 
Kinne}^ promoted corporal ; Thomas l\h)rri- 
son; John Monien ; Elihu Monsell ; George 
Near; Israel Price; Lewis Pfifer; Levi Rem- 
mel ; S. T. Remmel ; Jacob Remmel ; John 
Row; James Riley; Jawes Standafer. died 
at Nashville, March 31, 1863; D. E. Shull; S. 



Simmons, died at Nasliville, November 30, 
1862; W. B. Templeton; G. Waldrof, died at 
Chattanooga, Jnne 24, 1864; W. H. Wright; 
E. G. S. Wright; All^ert Wood, died at Nash- 
ville, December 28, 1862; Henry Wood, died 
at Danville, Virginia. February i, 1864, while 
a prisoner of war; J. F. West, died at Nash- 
ville, May 7, 1863; Alexander West; Henry 

Recruits — Martin Minniet; Leonard C. 
Taylor, mustered out as sergeant. 

The Seventy-ninth Illinois Infantry was 
organized at Mattoon, Illinois, in August, 
1862, by Col. Lyman Guinnip, and was mus- 
tered into the United States service August 
22, 1862. On September 12, the regiment 
moved under orders to Louisville, Kentucky, 
where it was assigned the Third Brigade of 
Craft's division of the army of Kentucky. On 
the 29th it was transferred to the Fourth Bri- 
gade of the Second Division, October i, 1862, 
the Seventy-ninth commenced the march 
through Kentucky with the army. At Frank- 
fort it was transferred to the Fifth Brigade. 
The regiment reached Perryville, Kentucky, on 
October 9, and continued its march thence to 
Crab Orchard, Lebanon, Bowling Green and 
Nashville, Tennessee, reaching the latter place 
on the 7th of November. October 17, Col. 
Guinnip resigning, Lieut. Col. S. P. Reed was 
promoted colonel. Here the regiment re- 
mained until December, when it moved out with 
the army toward Murfreesboro, and on the 3rst 
engaged in the battle of Stone River. Col. 
Reed was killed early in the action, and the 
command devolved upon Maj. Buckner. The 
Seventy-ninth was engaged until the 4th of 
January, 1863, losing one officer killed, three 
wounded and three missing; twenty-three men 

killed, sixty-eight wounded, and one hundred 
and twenty-one missing. During the winter 
the regiment remained at Murfreesboro, and 
were assigned to the Second Brigade, Second 
Division, Twentieth Army Corps. April 25, 
1863, Maj. Buckner was promoted to colonel. 
June 24, 1863, the regiment move to Lib- 
erty Gap, and on the following day engaged 
the enemy, losing Capt. John Patton, killed; 
Capt. H. D. Martin, mortally wounded ; Capt. 
Lacey and Lieuts. Foulke, Jones and King, 
wounded ; five men killed and thirty-six 
wounded. The division then moved to Tul- 
lahoma, and on the i6th of August crossed 
the Cumberland Mountains, the Tennessee 
river, Sand Mountain, Lookout Mountain, and 
went into the battle of Chickamauga, in which 
the regiment was engaged during the 19th and 
20th of Septem^jer. Its loss in this fight was 
seven officers missing, four men killed, thir- 
teen wounded and ninety-se\'en missing. On 
the evening of the 20th the Seventy-ninth fell 
back to Chattanooga with the army. While 
here, the regiment was re-assigned, being 
placed t(3 the Third Brigade (Col. C. G. Har- 
ker's). Second Division, Gen. Sheridan, 
Fourth Army Corps, commanded by Gen. 
Granger. When the Army of the Cumberland 
broke from its prison at Chattanooga and 
assailed Bragg in his mountain fastness, the 
Seventy-ninth took an active part in the engage- 
ments that followed on the 23d, 24th and 25th 
of November, and on the 25th stormed Mission 
Ridge, capturing two pieces of artillery. On 
the 27th, the regiment accompanied the Fourth 
Corps in that famous march to Knoxville, Ten- 
nessee, going, however, to Blain's Cross-roads, 
and remaining there till January 15, 1864, 
when it advanced to Dandridge, but fell back 



two days later to Knoxville. The Second 
Division being orderetl to Loudon, the Seven- 
ty-nintli went to Sweetwater, forty-two miles 
south of Knoxville, on tlie railroad, wliere it 
remained during the larger part of the spring. 
moving to Cleveland in the latter part of April. 
On the opening of the Atlanta campaign, 
the reginionl moved forward with Gen. New- 
ton in command of the division, and Gen. How- 
ard in command of the corps. The movement 
began May 3, 1864, and on the 9th the regiment 
took part in its first engagement of the cam- 
paign at Rocky I'ace Ridge; then followed a 
series of heavy engagements, at Resaca, May 
13 and 14; Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, June 
27; Peach Tree Creek, July 20; Atlanta, July 
22, 27, and August 3 ; Jonesboro, September i , 
and Love joy on the 2d of September. The 
losses of the regiment in this campaign were 
four officers wounded, six enlisted men kUled 
and fifty-three wounded. In the latter part of 
September, the corps was ordered back to Chat- 
tanooga under the command of Gen. Stanley. 
The Seventy-ninth moved to Bridgeport, 
Alabama, and remained there till October 19, 
when it returned to Chattanooga. While here 
it made an expedition to Alpine Pass and re- 
turned, and then moved to Pulaski, Tennes- 
see. Held that position until November 22, 
when it commenced to fall back to Nashville 
with the army. At I'ranklin, tlie Seventy- 
ninth was engaged four hours, losing three 
officers and eighty men killed, wounded and 
captured, out of two hundred and ten veteran 
troops. That night fell back to Nashville, 
where, on the 29th, Pat Cleborne's division 
attacked the brigade and drove it into the city. 
On the 15th and i6th of December, the battle 
of Nashville occurred, in which the Seventy- 

ninth took an active part, and joined in the 
subseciuent pursuit as far as the Tennessee 
river. Tiic Third l^irigade was then .sent to 
Decatur, .'\lal)ama. arriving there January 6, 
1S65. March 30, the brigade moved to Bull's 
Gap l)y rail, sixty miles east of Knoxville, 
Tennessee, where it remained until April 22, 
and then went to Nashville. Here the Seventy- 
ninth was stationed until it was musterd out 
June 12, 1865. It subsequently arrived at 
Camp lUitler, Illinois, June 15, and June 23 re- 
ceived final pay and discharge. In April, 1864, 
the county court ordered a regimental flag, 
which was presented to the regiment. 


This regiment was organized at Mattoon, 
and mustered into the one hundred-days' service 
June 6, 1864. Of this regiment Company G 
was recruited in Douglas county. The com- 
missioned officers were: Derrick Lamb, cap- 
tain; James Easton, first lieutenant; J. T. 
Switzer, second lieutenant. The enlisted men 
from Douglas county were : 

first Sergeant — J. H. Perrine. 

Sergeants — Charles Skinner, died at Jef- 
ferson City, Missouri, July 7, 1864; J. Z. Lin- 
ton; P. Kinder, O. Adams. 

Carporals — William Bays, ]iromoted ser- 
geant; I. Watkins, Charles Dickens, A. Flem- 
ing, D. Jenkins, B. McAllister, T. J. Bagley, 
Charles Balen. 

Musicians — Austin Bishop; John Crowley. 

JVagoner — Thomas Donnelly. 

Privates — I. Allison; Erastus Badler; W. 
H. Bard; A. C. Bragg; F. M. and Alexander 
Bragg; P. Burton; S. Bye; B. F. Barkley; C. 



H. Balch. died at Benton Barracks, June 29, 
1864; J. Bogard; B. Bogard; L. Daniel; C. 
Dragoo; C. M. Donica, promoted corporal; J. 
Dale; J. R. Erland ; W. H. H. Easton; H. M. 
Franz, died at Benton Barracks June 23, 1864; 
G. Ford: J. Garrett; William Galls; G. W. 
Goodson, promoted corporal; J. R. Hull; 
Thomas Haskell ; N. Holden ; N. Howard ; E. 
C. Holiday; J. Kennedy; E. Lay; A. Long; 
J. R. Leslie; A. Moore; J. N. McKinney; J. 
N. Mosbarger; F. M. Maddox, died in Jeffer- 
son City, Missouri, August 4, 1864; C. H. Mil- 
ler; J. D. McDowell; Newton McAughy; J. 

B. Peacock; J. Peters: J. S. Prose; F. Puckett; 
I. S. Reeder; J. A. Richman; J. H. Smith; 
William Scott; A. H. Sluss; J. W. Tignor; C. 
H. Wetsell; P. Wildman; Albert Wildman; 
W. H. Walters; I. N. W^ells ; S. B. Williams; 

C. B. Wells; W. H. Wells. 

This regiment was assigned to post duty at 
Jefferson City, Missouri, a point they reached 
by way of St. Louis, soon after being mustered 
into the service. Greenbury W'right, of Tus- 
cola, was the first major and afterward lieuten- 
ant colonel of the regiment. The regiment 
was ordered home, and mustered out on Sep- 
tember 28, 1864. 


Of this regiment Company F was recruited 
in Douglas county. The commissioned of- 
ficers were: Derrick Lamb, captain; D. G. 
Eldridge, first lieutenant; William Bays, sec- 
ond lieutenant. Enlisted men of Douglas 
county were : 

First Sergeant — S. R. Cox. 

Sergeants — W. F. Barger, J. P. Hancock, 

mustered out as first sergeant; T. J. Bagley; 
Martin Bradford. 

Corporals — J. W. Rohrbaugh ; I. H. \\'at- 
kins; E. E. Thompson, mustered out as ser- 
geant ; L. Osborn ; B. F. Barkley ; E. Brewer ; 
A. A. Thomas. 

Musicians — A. A. Kertz ; S. Brewer. 

Wagoner — Richard Davis, killed by rail- 
road accident, near Chattanooga, February 26, 

Privates — William Bays, promoted to sec- 
ond lieutenant ; L. H. Brewer ; J. Bartlett, mus- 
tered out as corporal; R. Bradford; R. M. 
Brewer; ti. W. Busby; Charles Bowlen ; J. 
L. Baugh ; D. T. Corbin; F. M. Chambers; G. 
W. Chase; James Davidson; R. A. Duane; 
Charles Dragoo; William Ennis; D. Fid- 
dler; J. S. Fiddler, mustered out as 
corporal ; W. J. Fiddler ; J. O. Foss, mus- 
tered out as sergeant ; William Gilkerson ; 
William Hittshew; H. Howell; W. J. P. Hope- 
well; N. N. Howard; J. T. Hicks; J. H. Hen- 
derson; J. R. Leslie; G. L. Linsey; John Lamb; 
Derrick Lamb, promoted captain ; J. N. Mc- 
Kinney; A. Moore; W. T. Miller; James Na- 
phew, died at Cleveland, Tennessee, March 10, 
1865; D. B. Overman, died at Nashville, Jan- 
uary 27, 1866; J. T. Phillips; William Poor; 
I. S. Reeder: Alex Ridenour; J. Skinner; Wil- 
liam Scott: J. Turryville; M. Wilson; H. H. 
Wright ; W. H. Waters. 

The One Hundred and Forty-ninth Reg- 
iment was organized at Camp Butler, Illinois, 
on February 11, 1865. by Col, William C. 
Kneffner, and mustered in for one years' ser- 
vice. On the 14th, the regiment moved under 
orders for Nashville and thence to Chattanooga. 
Here it was assigned by Gen. Steadman to 
duty, guarding railroads. 



On May i it was assig-ned to Col. Felix, 
Prince Salni's brigade, tiie Second Separate 
Division. Army of the Cumberland, and on 
llie fulliiwing day niuvetl to Dalton, Georgia. 
Here the regiment remained until July 6. when 
it was ordered to .\tlanta. On the 26th, being 
assigned to duty in the fcnirth district of Alla- 
ttiona, it was put on guard duty in that dis-| 
trict. It was subsequently ordered to Dalton,, 
where the regiment was mustered out January 
27, 1S66, and ordered to Springfield, Illinois, 
for final payment and discharge. 


This regiment was composed of only eight 
companies, one of which. Company G, was 
recruited principally from Douglas county. 
The commissioned officers were: 

Captain — Charles H. Roland. 

First Lieutenants — Albert Erskin, promot- 
ed captain of Company E; James G. Kearney, 
only officer from Douglas county, from August 
10, 1862. 

Second Lieutenants — William K. Trabue, 
till August 9, 1862; Forrest D. Spincer, till 
mustered out of the regiment. 

The enlisted men from the county were : 

First Serjeant — J. G. Kearney, promoted 
lirst lieutenant. 

Sergeants — (i. F. Green; W. H. Flint. 

Corporals — ( ). E. Van(le\enter, W. J. 

Buglers— N. R. Gruelle. 

Farrier — Henry Caiupbell, mustered out 
as sergeant. 

Privates — A. Burton; George Boyer; M. 
Cavanaugh ; Elijah Carr, died at Ironton, 
Missouri, April 12, 1862; F. Cunningham; \V. 

J. Churls; F. CoUum; F. O. Easton ; L. Fetters; 
R. C. Grissom; Gilbert Green; John Keneas; 
Elizer Lathrop; J. T. Maynor: J. Mos- 
barger, died at Helena, Arkansas, August 
30, 1862; Ezekiel Miller, died at St. Louis. 
Missouri, March 19, 1862; John Mack; L. 
McAllister: M. G. Nefif, died at Inmton, 
Missouri, May, 1862; E. Poul; 1. S. Kecder; 
N. Roland; John Shule; J. N. Tannihill; S. 
Wal<ln)p: L. Wilkins; \V. H. Wright; A. H. 
Wildman; William Woodhall; J. Whitlock; 
Macey Whitlock, died at Ironton, Missouri, 
April 30, 1862. There were .some from Doug- 
las county transferred to other comjKuiies ; of 
these in Company H, were G. W. Austin ; John 
Brighton; Henry Campbell; Robert Davis; C. 
H. Jones; Henry Littlefield ; Ira Magnor; M. 
Stewart; George Thebedient; William Taylor; 
S. Walthrop; Samuel W'inan. 

The Thirteenth Illinois Cavalry Regiment 
was organized at Camp Douglas, Illinois, in 
December, 1861, by Col. J. W. Bell. The reg- 
iment was moved to Benton Barracks, St. 
Louis, where it was armed and equipped, and 
in February, 1862, moved to the field. Until 
June I it was on duty in southeast Missouri, 
where it joined Gen. Curtis' army, at Jackson- 
port. Arkansas. With Gen. Curtis, the Thir- 
teenth moved through Arkansas, taking ])art in 
the skirmishes of the cam]3aign to Helena, 
Arkansas. In the fall of 1862 it returned with 
Gen. Curtis to Mi.s.souri, and was engaged with 
General Davidson, in the campaign of south- 
west Missouri and northwest Arkansas, driv- 
ing Marmaduke and his command out of the 
state. On May 20, 1863, in accordance with 
orders from headquarters Department of Mis- 
souri, the Thirteenth was consolidated; the 
eight companies being formed into three, Maj. 



L. Lippert being retained in command of the 
battalion. By the same order Col. Bell, Lieut. 
Col. Hartman and Maj. Charles Bell were 
mustered out of the service. 

In the following July the battalion moved 
with Gen. Da^■idson's cavalry division into Ar- 
kansas, taking part in the battles of Browns- 
\ille, August 24 and 25; Bayou Metre, 27 and 
28; Austin, August 31, and again at Bayou 
Metre, September 4. The Thirteenth was the 
first organization to enter Little Rock, on its 
capture, September 10, 1863, and was engaged 
in the pursuit of Price, to Red River, in the 
spring of 1864 the battalion accompanied Gen. 
Steele in the expedition to Camden, taking a 
prominent part in the actions at Arkadelphia, 
Okoloma, Little Missouri River, Prairie du 
Anne, Camden and Jenkin's Ferry, during the 
month of April. After returning to Little 
Rock, the battalion was engaged in many raids 
and scouts, and in skirmishing with the forces 
of Shelby and Marmaduke, defeating them at 
Clarendon and Pine Blufif. In the summer of 
1864 the battalion was stationed at Pine Bluff, 
in Col. Clayton's brigade, and engaged in 
scouting and picketing. On the 25th of Jan- 
uary, 1865, the cavalry division having been 
discontinued, the Thirteenth was assigned to 
duty at the post of Pine Bluff. In April, 
detachments were sent to take possession of 
Monticello, Camden and Washington, leaving 
the headquarters at Pine Bluff. August 31, 
1865, the regiment was mustered out, and 
received final pay and discharge at Springfield, 
Illinois, September 13, 1865. The Thirteenth 
Cavalry Regiment's aggregate strength during 
its organization was 1,759 ""■c'^- the battalion 
having been consolidated with a newly-formed 
but incomplete regiment in the spring of 1864. 

A list of battles and skirmishes in which the 
regiment was engaged is as follows : Pitman's 
Ferry, Arkansas, July 20, 1862; Cotton Plant, 
Arkansas, July 25, 1862; Union City, Mis- 
souri, August 22, 1862; Camp Pillow, Mis- 
souri, August 29, 1862; Bloomfleld, Missouri, 
September 13, 1862; Van Buren, Missouri, 
17, 1863; Eleven Pt)int River. Alissouri, 
March 26, 1863; Jackson, Missouri, .\pril 

22, 1863; White River, Missouri. April 

23, 1863; Bloomfield (2), Mis.souri, April 24, 
1863; Union City and Chalk Bluff, Missouri, 
April 25, 1863; Bushy Creek, Missouri, May 
31, 1863; near Helena, Arkansas, August 8, 
1863; Grand Prairie and White River, Ar- 
kansas, August 24 and 25, 1863; Bayou Metre, 
Arkansas, August 17, 1863; Brownsville, Ar- 
kansas, August 16, 1863; Deadman's Lake, 
Arkansas, August 2^ and 28, 1863; Austin, 
Arkansas, August 31, 1863; Bayou Aletre 
(2d), Arkansas, September 4, 1863; Little 
Rock, Arkansas, September 10, 1863; Benton, 
Arkansas, September 11, 1863; Batesville, Ar- 
kansas, October 22, 1863; Pine Bluff", Arkanas, 
November 28, 1863; Arkadelphia, Arkansas, 
April 2, 1864; Okoloma, Arkansas, April 3, 
1864; Little Missouri River, Arkansas, April 
4, 1864; Prairie du Anne, Arkansas, April 10, 
II and 12, 1864; Camden, Arkansas, April 15, 
1864; Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas, April 30, 
1864; Cross Roads, Arkansa.s, September 11, 
1864; Mount Elba, Arkansas, October 18, 
1864; Douglas Landing, Arkansas, February 
22, 1865; Monticello, Arkansas, March 28, 

Douglas county was represented in other 
organizations in the army, but concerning 
whom there is no reliable information. To 
notice the especial achievements of the volun- 



teers from this county would 1)C a pleasant but this shall show that Douglas county was not 

an inipossil)le work. Even to note the indi- wanting- in patrotisni and sacrificing devotion 

vidual experiences of companies formed in the when demanded 1)\- the nation's ])eril, the ob- 

county has been found impracticable. A brief ject of the foregoing pages will have been 

sketch of the regiments of which they formed reached, 
a part is all that can be attempted, and if 







Camargo township enjoys the honor of 
heing the earhest settled portion of Dongias 
county, tlie first comers of wliom we have any 
account iiaving arri\'e(l in i8jy. The townsliip 
derives its name from tlie city of Camargo in 
Mexico, and was suggested 1:)y Col. McCown. 
The first house built in Douglas county is yet 
standing on section 33. 16, 9. on the lies land, 
west of the railroad bridge at Camargo ami 
north of the track. It was raised in 1829 by 
John A. Richman, the father of John Richman 
of our day, and well and familiarly known as 
"Cncle Jack." John A. Richman li\cd lo be 
over eighty, and even at ibat age would hardly 
deign to ride a horse, but would gird himself 
with knife and tomahawk, and with gun on 
shoulder would "step o\er"" to the Okaw tim- 
ber, twelve or .iifteen miles back, as coolly as a 
man of the ])resent day would walk a mile. Mr. 
Richman came from West Virginia in the year 
mentioned — some say, however, 1827 — and 
John Richman, then a lad, made a hand at the 

raising. This house was for a long time the 
lieadcjuarters for elections and military mus- 

There was a small tribe of Indians camped 
at Bridgeport, now Hugo P. O., section 12, 15, 
<j, which was a trading point with them, and 
a store or trading post was kept by Godfrey 
Vesser, a Frenchman, or pcrlia]is Vesser & 

John 'Hammet and his sons, Wm. S. and 
Jas. R., arrived in November, 1830. The fam- 
ily lived in a tent the first winter and were 
\isited by large numbers of Indians who 
would call and sit around the fire. Their gen- 
ei'al conduct was such as to leave the impres- 
sion that they were honest, and although the 
family of the Hammets was at their mercy, 
nothing w'as stolen, and they had no fears for 
their ])ersonal safety. However one or two 
battles with Indians from the upper Embar- 
rass are spoken oi as having occurred, 1815- 
rSiS; one with government surveyors, near 
the creek in Coles county. John Hammet and 
Harrison Gill, of Kentucky, were the first land 



owners in tlie area of the county, after the 
government, lia\ing entered land on the same 
day. Mr. Hammet took several hundred acres 
north of Camargo village, and Air. Gill enter- 
ing two hundred and forty acres in section 35, 
east of Camargo. The ])aienls for these first 
entered lands were signed hy .Andrew Jackson, 
in March. 1830. Samuel .\shmorc entered part 
of section 36, 15, 10, in 1830 also. Mr. Gill 
came from Kentucky on horseback and in com- 
pany with his uncle Robert visited the Indians 
at Hugo. 

Jas. R. Hammet was active in the interests 
of the new county of Douglas and also in those 
of the east and west railroad, of which he was 
one of the incorporators and a director for 
fourteen years. G. W. Henson, Charles Brew- 
er, John Brown, Martin Rice. John D. Mur- 
dock, Alexander Bragg and the Watsons were 
also of the first arrivals. C. Brewer came in 
1855. John Brown, who arrived in 1838. was 
elected associate justice of tlie county of Doug- 
las in 1865. Mr. Rice came in 1849, and was a 
resident of what is now Douglas county after 
1853. He actively assisted in the movement of 
the new county, and was a member of the first 
political convention held in it, in the second year 
after township organization. John D. Murdock 
was elected associate justice of Douglas count)', 
was a member of the first county board in 1859, 
and re-elected in 1861. Coleman Bright, a 
native of \'^irginia. came from Indiana to Ca- 
margo in ,\ugust, 1850, and was the senior 
member of the firm of P>right & Jones, of Ca- 
margo and Tuscola, .'\lexander Bragg came 
to the state in 1835, and served in the Mexi- 
can war. 1846. W. D. Watson, of this town- 
ship, was in the state senate at the time of form- 
ing the county. Geo. W^. Henson arrived in 

1844. li. L. Thornsbrue. of this townshij), 
was born within the area of the county- — 1830. 

The original part of the village of Camargo 
was laid of¥ in November, 1836, by Isaac Moss, 
Jos. Fowler, surveyor, and was called New 
Salem. \\ hen Moss' addition was made it was 
called New .\lbany. after which it received its 
present name. It is the most ancient village 
in the county, and in the long years pending the 
advent of the I. & I. C. Railway was considered 
"finished." It was the place of residence of 
many of the most successful business men of 
the county. The first county court of Doug- 
las county was held here "under disjiensation," 
pending the selection of a county seat. The 
town i)roper composes an area of about eighty 
acres, lying on the left bank of the Embarrass 
ri\er and u])on the line of the I. D. & W. Kail- 

The Methodists and Christians have each a 
church, the former being a line brick building 
costing five thou.sand dollars. 

Camargo Lodge, No. 440, A. F. & i\. M., 
was instituted Octol^er 18, 1865. The charter 
members were : Jas. T. Orr, A. Salisbury, 
R. E. Carmack. A. K. P. Townsend, Geo. C. 
Gill. Martin Rice, W. C. Campljell, R. C. Pat- 
terson, J. T. Helm, J. R. Henderson, H. G. 
Russell. The first oflficers were : Jas. T. Orr, 
worshipful master; Geo. C. Gill, secretary; R. 
E. Carmack, treasurer. A commodious lodge 
room was dedicated October 2, 1875 ; the Royal 
Arch Chapter was instituted U. D. November 
9, the same year. The institution of the lodge 
was assisted by Tuscola Masons in 1865, who 
came out "by land"' for the purpose, the rail- 
road having not \fti appeared. 

The town.ship took stock in the I. 1). & W. 
Railway to the amount of fifteen thousand dol- 



lars. payaljle in fourteen years, witli ten per 
cent, interest. The taxes paid l)y the road nia- 
teriall}- reduce the interest. 

The area of the township is fifty-six sections 
of land or ahout equal to sixty and one-half 
stpiare miles, some of the sections having over 
one thousand acres. The township contains 
thirty-eight thousantl, se\-en hundred and sixty- 
nine acres. 

The notable high-handed and desperate rol)- 
liery of W'm. S. llammet and his liousehokl oc- 
curred on the night of June 8, 1870. The fam- 
ily had retired. Air. Hamniet was aroused by 
a knock at tiie door, and upon opening it was' 
instantly seized by two armed and masked men, 
who demanded silence and money. He was 
unarmed and partly unclothed, taken by sur- 
prise, with a loaded pistol pointing directly at 
and close to his heart, which might at any in- 
stant have l)een discharged by the trembling 
hand of his guard, and after carefully weighing 
the chances concluded to surrender, a prudence 
that is commended by men of liravery. He 
was held strictly under guard until the \illains 
had obtained watches and jewelry to the 
amount of two hundred and fifty dollars and a 
• little mone3^ They had taken care to fasten 
the door of a room occupied by some work 
hands, and, ha\ing accomplishetl their j)urpose 
with dispatch, released Mr. Hammet and dis- 
ap])eared with great haste in the darkness. 

The town of New Boston was laid out by 
McDowell on section 35, 16, 9, in November, 
1837, an<l \-acated February, 1845. Par- 
menas Watson was made sheriff in Novem- 
ber, i860, and S. S. Irwin was superintendent 
of schools from the fail of 1861, serving two 
years. Dr. John C. Parcel was elected county 

clerk in November, 1869, serving one term of 
four years. 

Timber. — One-third of the area of the 
township is within the original timber limit, 
which grew adjacent to the river, as is usual 
here. Many fine tracts of timber yet remain. 
Cood timber was held as liigh as se\- 
enty-five dollars per acre, and fifty dollars was 
a common price ; it was used, after building 
with it, and for a long time, almost exclusively 
for fuel first, and then fencing. As the country 
grew older saw mills were introduced and na- 
tive boards appeared; but since the multipli- 
cation of railroads leading to the easy trans- 
portation of foreign fencing and coal, timber 
land has depreciated, until good prairie is far 
more valuable. Some large farmers use foreign 
planks, or hedges, for fencing, and burn coal 
exclusively, many of them having not an acre 
of timber. 

Railroads.— The 1. D. c^' W. Railroad 
crosses this township in an east and west di- 
rection, coming in on tlie A\est side and 
near the middle of section 32, township i6, 
range 9, and runs upon a straight line until 
shortly after passing the \illage of Camargo, 
iii section 35, where it defiects to the south 
about twelve rods, and continues at that dis- 
tance from the middle line of the section till 
it leaves the county. It has a substantial 
bridge, one hundred anti thirt}- feet long, 
on the west side of the village at the crossing" 
of the Embarrass ri\er, which resisted the ice- 
flow of the winter of 1882, whilst the wagon 
bridge, one hundred and fifty feet north of it, 
gave way. 

The township took stock in the railroad 
imc'er its former name, I. & I. C, to the amount 


of fifteen thousand dollars, payable in fourteen 
years, with ten per cent, interest, and the bonds 
were refunded in June, 1880, beine: placed with 
Preston; Kean & Co., of Chicago, at six per 
cent, interest, whicli transaction was negoti- 
ated by Charles G. Kckliart. I'^sc].. of Tuscola. 


Creation and dci'clopincni. — 'I'lic original 
town of Camargo was laid off in X^oveniber, 
1836, by Isaac Moss, being sur\cyed by Joseph 
Fowler, and was called New Salem. Mr. Moss 
made an addition in 1840: the name was tlicn 
changed to New Albany, the voting precinct 
being known by the name of .\lbany, and 
finally, when, upon the suggestion of J. B. Mc- 
Cown, the name of the precinct was changed 
to Camargo. the \illage accepted the same 
name. It is the most ancient village in the 
county, antedating Tuscola, Areola and New- 
man, and even the time-honored Bourbon, 
which was laid off in 1853. Camargo. with her 
1836 record, leading Bourbon by seventeen 
years. This village in the long years preceding 
the advent of the east and west railroad lan- 
guished and was long considered finished ; the 
final completion of the road, however, gave it 
somewhat of an impetus, that may end in some 
distinction, it being the ])lace of residence of 
some of the leading men of the county and the 
starting point of several of its most successful 
business men. 

Struggle for county seat. — The village of 
Camargo, from its central position, had claims 
to the honor of being the county seat, which 
were strongly advocated, and which could not 
very well be ignored. She had no railroad, 

hut cxerybody said she would have one at no 
distant day, the [. & I. C. having been chartered 
in 1852, and the route througli the village se- 
lected and staked out, and further encouraged 
by the almost annual appearance of engineer 
corps along the line through which, amongst 
other things, the interest was kept up. Pend- 
ing the selection of a shiretown, Camargo was 
made county seat pro tem. The election returns 
of the ci>unty seat contest were stored at tiie 
place, and rumor hath it that interested i)arties. 
oI)taining access to the tickets, procured a .set of 
scales, and ujjon ascertaining the "weight" of" 
each ])ackage of votes, took s])ecial care that 
their fa\'orite ])oint should ha\e superior heft. 
The first meeting of the county court, presided 
oxer by James Ewing. of Areola, as judge, and 
johu D. Murdock and Robert Hopkins, as asso- 
ciates. John Chandler, clerk, a special term was 
held April jS. 1859. up-stairs over Coleman 
Bright's store, and here it was ordered, amongst 
other things, that a special election be held ]\Iay 
30, 1859, as between Tuscola and Areola, which 
rival towns, whose vote had not been considered 
in the first canvass, were found to embrace the 
choice of the people, upon which occasion Tus- 
cola won. 

.Indent prairie tra-rel. — The new officers all 
met here to get their commissions. The county 
was almost covered with water, and the county 
surveyor, being a small man, was mounted u])on 
a horse about sixteen hands high, and sent from 
ilourbon to Camargo "by way of .\rcola." at 
w hich place the owner of the horse had a mes- 
sage to deliver, and told the surveyor it was "on 
the way," so it was — the way he went; he did 
not know any better. As there were no prairie 
fences, or roads, he went straight from Bour- 



boa to Areola and straight from Areola to Ca- 
margo, across the prairie, with a general direc- 
tion from his advisors, at Areola, to keep the 
northeast wind in his face, which he proceeded 
to do as far as possible; but as the aforesaid 
northeast wind came on that occasion from 
all points of the compass, he accordingly got 
lost, as was to be expected. The wind was like 
old Uncle Jack.s compass, which somebody gave 
him to use in the woods; no matter how he held 
it, it would diddle-daddle to the southwest 
every time. 

Churches. — The first church built in the vil- 
lage was put up by the Methodists, and we are 
informed was erected as early as 1S50, at a 
cost of about fi\e hundred dollars. It was 
eventually sold, and the jiresent brick built. 


Bourbon township consists of forty-two sec- 
tions of land in the southwest part of the coun- 
ty, equal to about the same number of square 
miles, and twenty-seven thousand, one hundred 
and seventy-five acres. Among the first -aet- 
tlers were Geo. Dehart and his sons, Samuel 
and Lucas. He was road-master in Coles 
county and his district extended from Sadorus' 
Grove, on the north county line, to a point six 
miles south of the Springfield road. ;\llen 
and William Campbell were also of the first. 
Allen Campbell was, at the time of his death 
in 1 875, with one exception, the largest land 
owner in the county. Isaac Gruelle, Maiden 
Jones, Israel Chandler and sons, were among 
the earliest comers. Dr. Apperson was a large 
land owner and had an e.xtensive medical prac- 
tice. He was a nephew of Dr. John Apper- 
.son, who was the first physician in Coles coun- 

ty. Maiden Jones, who came in 1840, was 
sheriff of Coles county when Douglas county 
was parted from it. He was elected in 1858, 
and was elected to the state legislature in 1864 
and again in 1866. Lemuel Chandler was the 
first supervisor of the township and served four 
consecutive terms. The Dehart sons were 
well known active business men. Curtis G. 
and Campbell McGimb were old residents of 
Coles at the institutiim of the new county. 
Thomas Moore entered west half mntheast 
quarter-section 23, 15, 7, in 1831. 

John Campbell, called "Uncle Jack," was 
a brother of Allen and William Campbell, and 
was probably the , last representative or type 
of the genuine old-fashioned pioneer, scout and 
hunter, and wonderful stories were told of his 
endurance and his ability to follow a trail. He 
was widely known in the early days, passing 
the greater part of his time in hunting. He 
was found dead in the woods. His son Hiram, 
who died in 1864, had the reputation of being 
one of the best hunters of the time. 

Jacob Moore, Sr., was one of the earliest 
settlers in the township and became an exten- 
sive cattle dealer and large land holder. He 
was also a noted hunter of great endurance. 
His first land was entered in section i. 14, 7, 
in April, 1835. He died July 15, i860, leaving 
a large estate to numerous descendants. 

Isaac Gruelle, of this township, was county 
C( immissioner of Coles county, being elected in 
1843. ^^'tli H. J. .\shmore. The constitution 
of 1848 provided for a county judge and two 
associates, and John M. Logan was one of the 
first two associate justices. Gruelle and Logan 
have long since passed away, lioth leaving large 

German speaking people occupy a large 



area of the norlli part of tlie township, the lo- 
cahty beiiifj widely known as tlie ''German Set- 
tleinent." Tlieir farms, compared with western 
farms fjenerally. are small hnt exceedingly well 
cnlli\'ated. and the i)rovcr1)ial imlustry and 
thrift of this class of citizens it here fnlly e.xeni- 
plilled. The greater ]iart of them arrived with 
little or no means, and now with hardly an ex- 
ception they have acipiired good and well im- 
pro\ed farms. The pioneer of this commnn- 
ity is W'essel Blaasc, who arrived in 1852. 
There are .several ancient artificial mounds on 
his place in one of which human bones were 
found in excavating for a l)uilding. 

In the southwest part settled the .\mish, 
who were preceded here by I\I. Voter, Miller 
and others in 1864. They much resemble the 
society of Friends in plainness of attire, integ 
rity and almost total exemption from pauper- 
ism. The name is derived from that of the 
founder of the society who, in the German 
states of Europe, saw fit to secede from the 
Menonites, of whom much has been heard 
lately, with regard to the emigration of large 
numbers of them from Russia to the West. 
The proposed marriages are publicly an- 
nounced, and a marriage outside of the Society 
is '"intolerable and not to be endured." They 
<lress plainly. ])artly to avoid the frivolities of 
fashion, and ])art]y that there may be no nota- 
ble distinction between the rich and the poor. 
They ha\'e no churches or meeting hcnises. but 
meet at each other's dwellings, as the spirit 
moves them. The clothing of the men is often 
confined with hooks and eyes, but the notion 
that they wear no buttons is erroneous. The 
heads of the women are always covered with 
a neat white caj) and over the n.eck and shoul- 
ders decorously spreads a plain white hand- 

kerchief: this in observance of the hint from 
the Apostle Paul, .\dults only are l)a])tized and 
that by pouring. Infants are n(jt entitled to 
this sacrament, they preferring to teach first, 
for every descen<h'mt has a birth-right in the 
church. Of German extraction and long set- 
tled in western Pennsylvania, their .speech 
amongst themselves is an odd mixture of Ger- 
man and I-jiglish. the ".\merican" ]);u"t of 
v>hich can be readil\- detected by an intelligent 
observer, and the language is popularly known 
as "Pennslyvania Dutch." They all speak 
"American" as well as their neighbors, so that, 
trusting to the hearing alone, few would sus- 
jject the presence of a German speaking per- 
son. They are a good class of people in their 
\vay. but are bigoted in many ways. They do 
not teach their children the "American idea," 
preferring that they become isolated from 
others who are as true, or truer, in their re- 
ligious principles than they. They are intensely 
selfish among themselves and seem to "float in 
the creed" "we shall lie happy in heaven 
whether we find our (jod there or not!" 

The original village of Bourbon, section 14, 
15. 7, was laid out by Maiden Jones, in Octo- 
ber, 1853, and is the third town in priority, 
having been preceded b}- both Camargo and 
Fillmore. .\n addition was made in the fol- 
lowing January by Benjamin Ellars. At the 
institution of the county this was a thriving 
\illage of .some dozen business and the 
most important trading point in the county. 
L. C. Rust, Dr. J. D. Gardiner, J(js. Foster, 
A\'m. Chandler, Benjamin Ellars, G. W. Flynn 
and others tlourishcd here at the time. The 
location of the Illinois Central Railroad some 
four miles to the east, giving rise to Tuscola 
and Areola, interfered with the future prospects 



of the place to tiie extent that the merchants, 
for the most part, not only removed to the new 
towns on the railroad but took their buildings 
with them. One of these, a two-story frame, 
was put upon runners made of large sticks of 
timber, and with some fifteen yoke of steers, 
under the c<induct of Uncle Daniel Roderick, 
was hauled in a nearly straight line over the 
snow to Areola. "Uncle Daniel" still lives on 
his farm in section i, 15, 7. He entered this 
land on March 13, 1838. Samuel Sharpe, of 
Bourbon, took Rust's store to Areola in a sim- 
ilar manner. 

The census of 1890 gives Bourbon eighty- 
three inhaliitants. It has a postoffice, two or 
three stores, two grain buyers, good church 
and school. 

Isaac Gruelle founded the first store near 
the place in which for some years Maiden 
Jones was a partner. Luther C. Rust was a 
leading merchant in the early days of Bour- 
bon and was well liked. He died suddenly in 
Areola February 14, 1873. H. C. Niles 
clerked for Mr. Rust and Abram Cosier 
served in the same capacity for Mr. Fosler, 
another early merchant of the village. 

Fillmore had been laid out by H. Russell in 
1848, on section 35, 15, 7, and the firm of 
Bales & Throwbridge, afterward Bales, Os- 
born & Co., controlled the trade of a large 
area ; but the business of this house was re- 
moved to Areola, and Fillmore is among the 
things that were. Mr. Bales was associate 
justice of the county in 1861, and supervisor 
of the township in 1872. Bagdad is a point 
on the Okaw three miles west of Areola. 

Newton I. Cooper, of this township, was 
elected sherifi" of the county in the fall of 1870, 
up to which time for a period, he bad been 

township collector. In the following March 
he disappeared suddenly, leaving between five 
and six thousand dollars of township funds 
unaccounted for. Cooper, a recent comer in 
the neighborhood, was a man of pleasing ad- 
dress and appearance, and that, together with 
his rather notable l)usiness (|ualifications, in- 
spired confidence in all who had dealings with 

On Thursday afternoon, November 4, 
1S75, R. P. McWilliams, a well known and 
highly res]iected citizen of Bourbon township, 
was instaiitly killed at the highway crossing 
of the Illinois Midland Railway, west of Ar- 
eola and near the residence of Jacob Moore. 
He was driving a mule team attached to a 
wagon. He approached the crossing and, as 
he thought, allowed the train to pass and be- 
gan to resume his way, probably, naturally 
looking at the train, but he was unfortunately 
caught by the latter part of the train, which 
had become uncoupled. The team escaped. 

The name of this township is derived from 
that of Bourbon county, Kentuck}-, which was 
represented by several of the first settlers. The 
people voted bonds in aid of the I. M. Railway 
to the amount of thirty-five thousand dollars. 

The township has contributed liberally of 
her citizens to the public service. John Chand- 
ler, the first clerk of the county, was elected 
in 1859 and again in 1861. Caleb Bales was 
associate justice for a term beginning Novem- 
ber, 1861, and was also supervisor in 1872. 
Samuel B. Logan was the first sherifif of the 
county, 1859. Newton I. Cooper was made 
sheriff in 1870. Lemauel Chandler served 
as supervisor in 1868-69-70-71, and had also 
charge of the interests of the county in realiz- 
ing froiii the state the amount due from swamp 



lands. M. D. Bartholomew was supervisor 
ill 1<S73. and was succeeded hv Andrew Ray 
in 1874. wlio was returned in 1875. j. V. 
Bouck came from Oliio in 1866 to Bourbon 
townslii]) and served w itli r. captain's com- 
mission in the One Hundred and i'ifty-fcnith 
Regiment oi that state in tlie war of 1861. 

Cliester\-ille is a small hamlet with a post- 
office and stiire and one church, the Lhiited 
Brethren. I'he population in i8(jO was twenty- 

'J'he x'illages of J'"illmore and Bagdad of this 
township have disappeared from the face of 
the map. 

Arthur, a most progressive village of 
about seven hundred people, was laid out by 
tlie Paris & Decatur Railroad Company on 
the lands of M. Warren, of ]\fouUrie, and the 
Murpiieys. of Douglas county. The county 
line divides the village north and south. The 
Douglas county surveying was done by the 
railroad engineers, and certified by Mr. Niles, 
the Douglas ct)unty surveyor. This was in 
July, 1873. Mm-phy's addition was made Jan- 
uary 30, 1873, and Reeves' addition Decem- 
ber 30, 1874, both surveyed by Mr. Niles. The 
first business was ])nt up by Jacob Sears. 
W'illiam 11. Ward brcnighl the lirst stock of 
goods to the village and in the spring of 1873 
J. W. P>arrum founded the first drug store. 
Ai'tlun- wris incov])oratc'd in the county court 
id" -Moultrie counl\- at the .\])ril term. .\. I). 
1877. which was signed by David Crockett, 
C. G. McComb. Williaiu Ellers, M. Hunsaker, 
M. H. Warren. B. C. Hoover, H. Dehart, J. \\'. 
Sears and some forty others. • The court found 
there were three lumdred and fifty inhabitants 
residing in the territory. The petition for the 

election was granted and the election ordered 
for May 7. 1877. I'nder the act a])proved 
.\pril 9, 187J, .M. 11. \\ arren and James Ellars 
were appointed judges of the election, the re- 
turns to be made to Moultrie county. There 
were for \illage organization thirty-three votes, 
and against it thirty votes. On June 12, i<S77, 
tlic first election was helil for the choice of 
six trustees and a clerk, in which the persons 
chosen were C. G. McComb, W. II, II. Keeder, 
11. C. Jones. J. \\', Sears, \. Thom])son and 
M. Hunsaker, and J. W. Barrum was duly 
elected clerk. 

On the farm of Mr. Blaase .some mounds 
ha\-e been found from wdiich human remains, 
;;i)])arently ancient, have been exhumed in ex- 
cavating for a building. The idea that several 
shght elevations near here were the work of 
human hands is sustained to an extent I)y the 
fact that ancient luarks upon trees all facing 
to one point are noticed. On the .saiue farm, 
w hat was supposed to be a large flat rock, some 
t\\el\e feet sf|uare, was found and supposed tcj 
co\er interesting matter. A relati\e of Mr. 
I'laase dug around it on all sides to a de]3th of 
about eight feet, but he caiue to the conclusion 
that the bottom was in China, and the work 
was abandoned. 

./ Hurricatic. — May 14. 1858, a hurricane 
\isited this ])art of the cottnty from the north- 
west, on its \\;\y to .\rcola, where it h;id an 
engagement, doing considerable damage in and 
near Bourbon \illage, the effects of w hich, how- 
ever, were luore seriously felt in .\rcola, where 
several houses were considerably daiuaged, and 
others altogether oxerthrown. It was a l)usy 
day at 15ourbon at the time, and it was fun 
to the i)erfectly cool fellows who were not at 



all alarmed to see cursin.o-, swearing, fighting 
men "hunt their holes." We don't rememher 
just now who the cool fellows were. 


Bowdre township has forty-eight and one- 
half square miles of territory. ^Vhen township 
organization was adopted in 1868, this town- 
ship was called Deer Creek, after the water 
course of that name which traverses it, and 
had been a part of Collins precinct in Coles 
county. The Emharras ri\-er runs through the 
northeast part and receives Scattering h'ork in 
the north. The townshi]) is tra\-ersed by the Illi- 
nois Midland Railway from the west to the 
southeast, a considerable defiection having been 
made in the line of the road that it might pass 
within a mile of the center of the township, 
upon which condition antl for other reasons, 
the people of the township voted bonds in ad 
of the road to the amount of thirty thousand 

Railroads. — This township is intersected 
by the Illinois Midland Railway, now the 
Vandalia system, running generally east 
and west, entering it near the north- 
west corner of section 4, township 14, 
range 8, running thence east along the 
congressional township line for about two 
miles; thence .southeastwardly, leaving the 
township alx)ut the middle of the east line of 
section 8, township 14, range 10, then making 
a decided large curve to the north, and back 

This extra length and curvature was 
caused by a demand on the part of the citizens 
that the road should pass within a mile of the 

center of the township, upon which conditions 
the township, by a vote of the people, subscribed 
township bonds in a"id of the road to tlie 
amount of $30,000. It was shown that the 
issue was illegal there being no authority 
whatever for holding the election. 'J"he ta.K 
was enjoined, and proper steps taken to abro- 
gate the whole proceedings, \vhich obtained. 
';'lie bonds found their way into the hands of 
innocent parties, who purchased them as a per- 
manent investment. 

Early land entries and early settlers. — As 
to the first entries of land in this town- 
ship, the earliest date is found to be the entry 
of June, 1833, by Samuel C. Gill, who took 
the east half of northeast C]uarter of section 2, 
township 15, range 9, and other lands. John 
Davis, in October, 1833, entered west half of 
northeast (juarter, same section. In 1836, in 
February, the northeast quarter of northeast 
C]uarter of section 11, township 15, range 9, 
was entered by the Barnets, and as in other 
parts of the county, the great bulk of the 
lands were entered in 1852 and 1853. Isaac 
Davidson arrived in 1838. James A. Breeden 
settled, in 1853, upon section 9, township 14, 
range 9, and built the first house on the prairie, 
between the old "Wallace Stand," near Hick- 
ory Grove, and the Okaw timber, which was 
eight miles to the west. 

The "Wallace Stand" was the residence of 
/\. G. Wallace for some years. Mr. Wallace 
is noted elsewhere in this book. John Davis, 
who entered his land in 1833, arrived in the 
state from Brown county, Ohio, in September, 
1834. He died in March, 1865. Shiloah Gill 
arrived in 1852, and settled on the land entered 
by his father in 1833. (See sketches else- 



John Barnet. called "Jack" by everybody, 
came from Kentucky to the Little Vermillion 
in 1832, and to Coles county, since Douglas, 
in 1 84 J. The life partners of several prom- 
inent citizens were his daughters. 

School lands. — Section 16, township 14, 
range 9 east, the "school" section, was purchased 
from the state in the first instance of its occu- 
pancy, each section 16 having been set apart by 
law for the use of schools. The sales were made 
in 1856. John Cofer took four hundred acres, 
and W. D. Martin two hundred and forty 
acres. It was surveyed and lotted as required 
Ijy law. Lot one is northeast quarter of the 
northeast quarter, forty and two-thirds acres; 
Lot two is soutiieast quarter of the northeast 
quarter, forty and two-thirds acres; three is 
west half of northeast quarter, eighty-one 
acres; the east half of northwest quarter is 
Lot four, seventy-seven acres; northwest quar- 
ter of the northwest quarter; thirty-eight and 
one-half acres, is five; and southwest quarter 
of the northwest quarter is six, which also con- 
tains thirty-eight and one-half acres. 

The south half of the section corresponds 
in j)osition and area. This lotting was arbi- 
trary, though the surveyor ostensibly preserved 
the original areas. In this case, the east half 
of the section is found to contain .seventeen 
acres more than the west half. It is fair, then, 
to suppose that tlie (piarter section corners on 
the norlli line and on tlie south line must have 
been found as originally surveyed much too 
far west. 

Section 16, township 15, range 9, another 
school section in Bowdre bounds, was lotted in 
forty and eighty acre lots, and found to come 
out exactly even all around; perhaps it was 
surveyed in the house. It was aparted into ten 

lots; east half of northeast quarter was one, 
and west half was two and three; east half of 
northwest quarter was four, and west half of 
northwest tpiarter was fi\e and six; the south 
half of the section was made into four lots, of 
e\en eighty acres each. 

These school lands were sold all too .soon, 
and consequently almost sacrificed, bringing in 
some instances as low as two dollars per acre. 
It was not believed in those days that the 
prairie would be settled. The high grass and 
weeds, and the absence of roads added to the 
blank, dreary lookout generally, and forbade 
the idea that homes would ever have a place 

As late as 1851, John Davis offered to sell 
lot two, southwest quarter of section 6, town- 
ship 15, range 10, eighty-four acres, for the 
entry money he had paid for it, viz., $1.25 
per acre; this was seventeen years after he had 
entered it. It was in Camargo township. 

Old iiihabilaiils. — H. L. Thornsbrue is 
the oldest living person born in Doug- 
las county; Mrs. Mary W'est, relict of 
Thomas West, was the oldest resident, 
and settled here in 1834. She died March 3, 
1884, aged seventy-nine, after a residence of 
half a century in the county. Issachar Davis 
is the oldest male inhabitant, his residence 
here dating from October 3, 1834. Mr. Davis 
was a farmer and land surveyijr. He was 
elected county surveyor in 1863, 1867 and 


Churches. — In the southeast quarter of sec- 
tion 16, township 15, range 9, is situated Mt. 
Gilead Methodist church, which offers conven- 
iences to neighboring church-goers. At Hugo is 
Antioch church. The Methodists have a 
church in section 14, township 14, range 9, 



and tlie Christians and Methodists in Hinds- 
bo ro. 


Tlie town or vihage of Hindsboro is situ- 
ated in section 6, 14, 10, and was laid out by 
the railroad company upon the lands of the 
Hinds Brothers in 1874, the plat covering 
about sixty-two acres. The railroad here runs 
about southeast and the plan of the town is in 
conformity with it, the principal streets be- 
ing at right angles and parallel with the line 
of the road. The place is improving rapidly 
and has claims as a shipping point which can 
not be ignored. ' Here Lodge No. 571, I. O. 
O. F., was instituted April 12, 1875, the first 
officers of which were : J. Gerard, N. G. ; B. 

F. Strader, V. G. ; J. M. Dwinnell, secretary; 
and James Stites, treasurer, and J. Gerard, D. 

G. M. 

The town was laid off in 1874, being sur- 
veyed by H. C. Niles, from plans furnished by 
the railroad, which plans, by the way, were 
changed by the proprietors before the town 
was surveyed, but after a map of the town had 
been engraved and published in an atlas map; 
this, unfortunately, makes the printed map 
worse than useless. The lots and blocks were 
laid off parallel, and at right angles to tlie rail- 
road, which here runs altout southeast, and 
consequently bad "point" lots occur all arcjund 
the borders of the ])lat. In a country where the 
cardinal points are almost universally used in 
metes and bounds, a village plan not "square 
with the world" has many inconveniences for 
which there is generally no necessity. The 
village is improving rapidly and has claims as 
a shipping and trading point, which are rapidly 
growing in importance. 

Hindsboro is a good business center, hav- 
ing two good general stores and two enter- 
prising grain buyers. Its population is about 
three hundred. 

Kemp is a small village in this township. 

Hugo has a postoffice and store with a 
population of about fifty. It is the scene of 
about the last appearance of Indians in the 
county, a trading store having been kept there 
by one Vessar and one Hubbard in 1829-30. 

The Indiaiis. — Issachar Davis said that 
at about the center of southwest quar- 
ter of southeast quarter of section 12, 
township 15, range 9, and on the north- 
east quarter of the northwest quarter of 
section 13, near the old trading post, several 
Indian graves have been discovered and ex- 
amined. Human bones were found in each, as 
well as beads and a silver brooch, by William 
Wiley and John Welliver. A large silver cres- 
cent, five or six inches in diameter, and about 
two and one-half inches wide at its broadest 
part, was also secured. Samuel Cheney, a for- 
mer resident, now living near Humbolt, in 
Coles county, saw the departure of the last 
band of Indians, in April, 1833. He was a 
son of James Cheney, who came to the neigh- 
borhood in 1830, and the first wife of Issachar 
Davis was a sister of his. She had a quantity 
of trinkets, which she had procured from the 
Indians ])y trading provisions, etc. At another 
time, the corpse of an Indian was found against 
a tree, near the Embarrass, and not far from 
the mouth of Scattering Fork. 

A Christian chureh. — A Christian church, 
ycleped "Antioch," is situated here on the 
southwest quarter of section 12, township 15, 
range 9, which was built in i88r, at an ex- 
pense of about twelve hundred dollars. 



Murder. — Bowdre is the scene of the second 
murder committed in the county, Areola City 
havinij the first, third and fourtli. At tiie l'\'h- 
ruary term, 1871, of Douglas county circuit 
court, O. P. Greenwood was indited for 
the murder of George Mussett. He met 
him in the woods near Hugo and shot 
him with a rifle. Greenwood was tried 
at Charleston, Coles county, on a change 
of venue, and sentenced to the peniten- 
tiary for twenty-one years. Having sur- 
rendered himself to the officers, and as there 
was some probability of self-defense, as well 
as some supposed justification, domestic ilif- 
ficulty being the cause of the quarrel, and some 
other extenuating circumstances, a petition 
was circulated for his pardon, which prevailed 
after Greenwood had served about seven years. 
He was defended by Hon. Thomas E. Bundy 
and Hon. James A. Connolly. Hon. J. G. 
Cannon was engaged to conduct the prosecu- 
tion by several citizens who made up a purse 
for that purpose. Greenwood afterward lived 
a while in Tuscola and removed South. 


Garrett is named in honor of Isam Garrett. 
Before township organization the area, as 
an election precinct, was much smaller than at 
pre.sent. It was Ixnmdecl on the east by the 
Okaw river, and on the .south by the congres- 
sional township line, containing only about 
thirty square miles. There were added about 
twenty more when the townships were made, 
and the east line was extended to the range 
or townshi]) line on the east, and to the south 
part was added two tiers of sections off the 
north end of the congressional township on 

the south. As now constituted, it is bounded 
on the north and on the west by the county line, 
on the south by the township of Bourbon, and 
on the east by Tuscola, and consists of all of 
township 16 north, of range 7 east, of the third 
principal meridian, and .sections i to 12 in- 
clusive, of township 15 north, of range 7 east, 
the total area in scjuare miles Ijeing 31.^,^ the 
same being according to the United States 
government survey 33,171.95 acres. 

This is the shape it received upon the adop- 
tion of township organization in 1868, a partic- 
ular account of which is gi\en elsewhere in 
this volume. A section of land is usually esti- 
mated to contain si.x hundred and forty acres, 
which is indeed the average, the exceptions 
Ijeing the fractional sections, occurring on the 
north and west sides of all townships surveyed 
by the government. The north tier of sections 
in township 15 north, range 7 east, in Garrett, 
one to six inclusi\e, are all over one thousand 
acres in area, and section 6, township 15, range 
7, mostly owned byjames Drew, was the largest 
government section of land in the county, con- 
taining 1,148.21 acres; it is over one and one- 
half miles in north and south length, and con- 
siderably o\-er one mile in east and west 

The government surveyors were instructed 
to make all townships of thirty-six sections to 
contain, as near as may be, twenty-three thou- 
sand and forty acres, that is to say, to be six 
miles square and include thirty-six sections. 
Township 16 north, range 7 east, is the only 
congressional township in the county which 
"fills the Ijill," the area, according to govern- 
ment sur\ey, being exactly the proposed area 
in gross. It does not follow that each section 
is exactly six hundred and forty acres. 



Topography, drainage, etc. — The Kaskas- 
kia river traverses the east tier of sections in 
this sub-division of the county, and, being 
here near tlie very source of this river, wliich. 
rises in Champaign county, depends upon the 
rainfall for its waters. It is therefore about 
dry in the summer months, while immediately 
after heavy rains it comes uj) in a hurry, and 
becomes a rapid stream of a width of from four 
to six rods, and in the north part, getting out 
of the banks, has an indefinite extent. The 
sudden rise of this and other streams in the 
county is owing materially to the improved 
system of farm drainage, which of late years 
has so much obtained. Every man who ditches 
his land at all in this region is contributing 
to the waters of the Okaw, the capacity of 
which to carry off the accumulated waters is 
comparatively less than of old, which naturally 
suggests improvement, and it is only a ques- 
tion of time when the improvement of our 
main streams will be considered the one thing 
needful in the proper drainage of the farms of 
the county. A water course known as Dry 
Fork runs through the middle of the township 
in a north and south direction, and, falling into 
the Okaw at the south line of the township, 
is an important carrier for the prairie lands 
to the north. Lake Fork, which is Iiorn in 
Piatt County, comes into Garrett half a mile 
south of the village of Atwood, and is a con- 
tributor to the Okaw in Bourbon township; 
like all prairie water courses, it is wet and dry 
by turns and nothing long. 

The drainage commissioners of this town- 
ship have, on petition of interested parties, 
established a large drainage district, under the 
statute, which is situated in the southwest part, 
contains about thirty-two hundred acres of 


land, and the drains are constructed at an ex- 
pense of about twenty-eight hundred dollars. 
These consist of large open ditches, which are 
by law under the control of the highway com- 
missioners, whose duty it is to keep them in 
repair from year to year, the same as roads, 
the expense of which is met by a tax levied 
u])on the land owners in the district, for the 
benefit of whom the original district was or- 
ganized. The ditches will average sixteen feet 
in width, the cost of construction being about 
one dollar per lineal rod. C. G. Eckert was the 
attorney for the cr)mmissioners, who also em- 
ployed H. C. Niles as surveyor and engineer. 
The work was regularly staked out railroad 
fashion, and the elevations taken. These drains 
were exceedingly popular in their inception, 
very much the contrary when the tax is made 
known and collected, and the pride and boast of 
the people when completed. 

The highest point in Garrett township is, 
probably, near the southeast corner on the 
"Gruelle" farm, which place, by actual measure, 
is thirty feet higher than Tuscola; the bottom 
of the Okaw, near this point, is thirty-five feet 
lower than this highest point, which is a 
"divide" near the line of Tuscola and this 

The great body of timber in Garrett is on 
the south side, lint the Okaw in its entire 
length is fringed, as it were, with woods. 
On the west side, and in the neighbor- 
hood of Lake Fork, many small but attractive 
natural groves occur, notably on the lands of 
Nathan Garrett and others ; and in the heart 
of the woods, near the south center of the town- 
ship, a large "glade" occurs; the original sur- 
veyors called it a "draught." Goodson's 
Grove is situated at the northeast corner of 



section 33, township 16, range 7. and is a nice 
little iiiecc of woods. All of these glades, cnt- 
offs and groves were duly noted and mapped 
by the original surveyors, who did their gov- 
ernment surveying in this region in 1821. 

Bowlders of granite or other rock are rarely 
found of anv great dimensions ; in many parts 
of the county, whether prairie or timber, they 
are unknown, while in other sections there are 
enough of small hulk, weighing from one hun- 
dred to five hundred pounds, to obstruct to 
some extent the tilling of the soil; but these 
are few. The largest granite rock in the coun- 
ty, visible above the soil, is in the southeast cor- 
ner of section 8, township 16, range 7, upon the 
farm once owned by Judge Mullen, in this 
township. It stands above the ground about 
twelve feet, and is about as much in thickness. 
All of these surface rocks have been rounded by 
the action of water, and have evidently been 
transported by natural agencies from their nat- 
ural beds. A glacier, for instance, ages ago, 
was started from the Arties as a frozen ri\er of 
ice, bearing upon its bed tons of rock, which it 
deposited as it melted in the summer heat of the 
then temperate zone. An extensive ledge of 
limestone, which makes good lime, as proven 
by actual business, occurs in Sargent town- 
slnp (q. v.). 

Railroads. — The St. Louis branch of the 
1. D. & \V. Railway, first called the Indi.-uiap- 
olis & Decatur, afterward the Indiana & Illi- 
nois Central, and next the Indianapolis, De- 
catur & Springfield, traverses this township 
from east to west along the middle line of the 
south tier of sections, in township 16 north, 
range 7 east, and is a straight line through this 
township. It was completed here in 1872. 

A bridge burned. — A Howe truss bridge 

over the Okaw, west side, section 36, township 
16, range 7, lialf a mile west of Howe .Station 
was maliciously burned on the night of July 
3, 1873, and as a Fourth of July excursion 
was on the tapis for ne.xt day, it is difficult to 
imagine the state of mind of the fellow who 
did it. By withholding his name, he has lost 
the distinction of being Douglas county's great- 
est scoundrel. 

Lajid entries. — yVniong the first entries of 
land in Garrett township we find that Jacob 
Lease, in December, 1834, entered the north- 
east quarter of section 24, township 16, range 
7; and in 1835, in June, J. G. Devault took the 
southeast quarter of section 13, township 16, 
range 7. I. F. Lewis entered the northeast 
quarter of section 12, township 16, range 7, in 
1836; and June 16, 1849, Benjamin Ellars 
located and patented the west half of lot i, 
northeast quarter of section 2, township 16, 
range 7, and other lands. Josiah Hoots owned 
a large body of land in the southeast corner of 
the township. He was an ancient settler of 
prominence and influence. He died in Octo- 
ber, 1876, in the fil'ty-eighth year of his age. 
He was a native of Salem, North Carolina, 
removed to Indiana at the age of seven, and 
subsequently to this neighborhood, of which he 
was a useful citizen for about thirty-eight years. 
He was biu'ied, Masonically, at Cartright 
Chapel, three miles west of Tuscola, by Tuscola 
Lodge, No. ^^2, of which he was an ancient 
and honored member. 

According to legendary report, Lemuel 
Randall entered, March 16, 1850, the four 
forties lying around the center of section 34, 
townshi]) 16, range 7. Thomas Goodson w'as 
with Randall, and knowing the numbers of 
the land, got the i)atent for him. This entry 



was made before the railroad had selected its 
lands, but, under a mistake, the railroad tem- 
porarily got these. Meanwhile, Randall had 
sold to Nathan Drake, who had transferred to 
D. Maris. Drake had taken the jjrecantion oi 
re-entering the tracts, having had intimation of 
the error. The books at the office still showed 
it to be railroad land, and finally the land entry 
book of the county shows that the land was 
really antl finally entered by J. \V. L. Slavens, 
February 22, 1865. This is, then, the very 
last entry of government lands in Douglas 
county. In short, the railroad never had ac- 
quired the tracts, and they w^ere left open to 
have the distinction of being the last entries. 

Thesixteenth section in township 16 north, 
range 7 east, reserved for schools, the title 
to which is derived from the state, was taken 
up in 1854, having been divided into eight lots 
by the surveyor, containing seventy-eight to 
seventy-nine acres each, lot i being the east 
half of the northwest quarter. J. L. Jordan 
took two, Harvey Otter one, E. T. Romine 
two, J. C. Wythe two, etc. 

Pioneer personals. — Isam Garrett, in com- 
pliment to whom the township was named, 
lived to the advanced age of eighty-two years. 
He died February 14, 1880. It is the popular 
opinion that Mr. Garrett never used tobacco or 
drank spirits, never served on a jury, never was 
a witness in court, never sued and never was 
sued, and that he never told a lie in his life. 
He was an educated free-thinker, and held that 
life is a terrific problem; that we are placed 
upon this earth without being consulted, and 
removed without our consent; and that the 
golden rule was the only guide; and to "do 
good and throw it into the sea; if the fishes 
don't know it, God will." 

Dr. Thomas Parsons, of this township, 
was a noted hunter and marksman, and now, 
at the advanced age of eighty-three, shows with 
pride some thirty targets which he has pre- 
served for many years, representing his vic- 
tories. These are about two inches in diameter, 
and show the size of a rifle ball repeated to any 
extent and cutting into each other at all edges. 
The Doctor was once the preceptor of Caleb 
Garrett, at Terre Haute, as a carpenter and 

Mr. Caleb Garrett, son of Isam, represented 
the county of Vigo in Indiana in 1842, and was 
re-elected at the age of twenty-one. He settled 
in Douglas county in 1847, served on the first 
grand jury, was justice of the peace in 1854, 
and for some years after. He was also first 
supervisor of Garrett township. He first 
bought land in the west part of the township, 
subsequently accumulated other and larger 
tracts, and in May, 1865, sold out and trans- 
ferred his farming interests to Tuscola town- 
ship by purchase. 

Harvey Otter, James Drew, Jacob Mos- 
barger, Dr. D. A. Meeker, William Howe and 
William Ellars were of the early settlers. 
Howe arrived in the present bounds of Doug- 
las county in 1838. He went to California in 
J 850, and returned in 1853; he was one of 
the largest land owners in the township; was 
elected supervisor of the township in 1876, 
and again in 1883, and in 1884 William Ellars' 
family came from Ohio and settled in the Okaw 
timber near the north line, in 1849, ^^ which 
time there was not a settler on the prairie to 
the west. 

Joseph Moore, or, to put it more exactly, 
"Old Joe Moore," arrived in the present bounds 
of Douglas county in 1832. He was the re- 



piisitory of all the jokes, yood, bad and iiidil- 
I'erent, illustrative of the manners and customs 
of the earlier days. 

Thomas Goodson entered the north half 
of the southwest quarter of section 27, town- 
ship 16, range 7, July 9, 1850, and other lands: 
he continued a resident uniil lately, when he 
died, leavins;- numerous descendants and a large 
estate. Goodson was a great hunter; he once 
killed two deer with a single ball, on what is 
now the farm of William Brian in the north- 
east ]iart I if the tnwnshii); he assisted in the ex- 
termination of the very last family of wild 
cats found in the Okaw timber. He relates that 
he cut a large tree for rail timber in the exact 
spot where he had cut a similar one thirty- 
six years before. Notwithstanding the large 
quantities of timber used for building, fuel and 
fencing in the early days, the question whether 
the timber is holding its own or not is an open 
one. It is a noteworthy fact, in this connection, 
and without the slightest intention of reflecting 
upon any old settler, it may be stated that the 
timber belonging to the lands of actual settlers 
remained in good condition much Icjnger than 
that of the go\ernment, it being understood 
that all settlers had a kind of right to use gov- 
ernment timber; the timber lands of non-resi- 
dents, which were called speculator's lands, 
were included under the same head, and some 
of the earl)' debating societies had up the ques- 
ti(;n, whether the owners of such lands had any 
rights which anybody was bound to respect, 
and being decided in the negative,"bowed the 
woods beneath their sturdy stroke." 

John Lester and his sons, Samuel and Sigler 
H., were of the first comers. Samuel Lester 
entered his first land in section i, township 15, 
range 7, in 1835, and up to 1838 had entered 

all the north half of the section, eight hundred 
acres. Sigler II. entered, in April, 1836, the 
west half of the northeast (|narter of section 
25, township 16, range 7, and subsequently 
other lands. These sons died, Sanuiel in i860 
and Sigler in 1864. leaving large estates to 
munerous descendants, which lands, however, 
by either mischance or choice, have passed out 
of the hands of the families. The Lesters were 
men of great natural force and decision of char- 
acter, and like most other people were great 
hunters, (joodson related that John Lester 
once cut a large bee tree, and converting it into a 
gum, stood it upon end full of honey and cov- 
ered it with a slab, leaving it for a more con- 
venient season. Goodson had just killed three 
deer, and finding the gum ready to his hand, 
filled it up w'ith tallow, and did this to -save it 
from the ravens, for at that time ravens were 
plenty; they were larger than the common 
crow, and are since extinct here. Lester, re- 
turning and find-ing tallow in the place of his 
honey could not understand how anybody 
would rob him of his honey and leave tallow in 
exchange, the latter being much more valuable. 
F. C. INlullen entered his first land in sec- 
tion 28, township 16, range 7, in 1850. He 
came from Delaware, and was the second 
county judge of the new county of Douglas. 
About these days Judge Mullen was traxeluTj' 
towaril his home from X'andalia, where he had 
been entering land, and u[)on reaching Sulli- 
van, in Moultrie county, his traveling com- 
panion suggested that they should go at once 
to the tavern and take a drink. Mullen pre- 
ferred to first take care of the horses, and did 
so, which made some delay; they then pro- 
ceeded toward the tavern, and learned that 
William Campbell, an old resident of this town- 


shi]), had been rolibed of one hundred and fifty- 
dollars in gold; that every man in the saloon 
had been searched and the money not found. 
It is somewhat interesting to speculate as to 
what might have been the consequences to the 
Judge on this occasion, if he had not been for- 
tunately delayed, for he had just arrived a per- 
fect stranger and had on his person in gold 
precisely the amount they were looking for. 

The chase. — Hunting at the proper season 
occupied the attention of the early settlers con- 
siderably, and a principal part of the living was 
venison ; this, with the natural love of the sport 
born in and with more enterprising and vig- 
orous of the settlers, made the pursuit a fa- 
vorite. Isaac L. Jordan and his brother 
"Wash," Caleb and Nathan Garrett, Thomas 
Goodson and the Lesters were enthusiastic 
hunters. The Garretts and Jordans had 
amongst them about twenty-five hounds. In 
1853, while on a wolf hunt, Jordan and Garrett 
had followed the trail from their neighborhood 
to the present site or Tuscola, eight miles, and 
the peculiar action of a favorite hound attract- 
ing the attention of Jordan, he, with his ex- 
perience as a hunter, immediately called the 
dogs off the trail of the wolf, though it had 
been getting warm, and began cautiously to 
explore for deer, the nobler game. In a few 
moments, in the low ground, just about where 
the Illinois Central Railroad depot now stands 
in Tuscola, he raised the largest buck ever seen 
in their experience. The liuck started off south- 
west and was run down and killed by the dogs 
in the Gruelle farm, four miles southwest. 

On another occasion a trained hound com- 
pelled the attention of Garrett and conducted 
him to a place where the dogs had killed a 
deer, which they had chased of their own 

notion. The dogs, after running down, would 
kill a deer and eat till satisfied, and the only 
trophies secured in the first case was the head, 
horns and a foot, as the relics of the "biggest 
buck." In this flat country there was almost 
no vantage-ground for the deer; he ran till he 
coukl run no more, and was too much ex- 
hausted to fight. A "stag at bay" was rare, 
and to be in at the death took rapid riding and 
good shooting; the horses enjoyed the sport 
and learned to run by sight. 

Many persons remember the reception these 
h-ounds gave every visitor to the various farms. 
He would ride up to the house, and if he passed 
along, all right, but if he stopped and gave the 
customary "hello !" ten or a dozen hounds 
rushed toward him, with an open-mouthed 
deep l)aying salute that would make the hair 
of a timid man "stand on end," but all he had 
to do to restore perfect peace was to "light." 
It was only a bay of welcome, and a notice to 
the family that perhaps a wayfarer wanted his 
supper and a bed. 

A lynching. — Mr. I. L.Jordan, of this town- 
ship, informed me that in the case of lynching 
of "Dolph"' Monroe, of Coles county, in 1854. 
the entire jury w-as selected from the present 
area of Douglas county. He shot and killed 
his father-in-law, N. Ellington, the circuit 
clerk of Coles county, and was hung by a mob 
in January. 1855, at Charleston. The jury 
was composed of William and James R. Ham- 
mett, Coleman Bright, Henry Lowe and John 
Frahme, of Camargo township; Amzi Wild- 
man, I. L. Jordan and Israel Harris, of Gar- 
rett; .S. Meyers, Daniel Martin, Squire Adams 
and Dan Foster; they brought in a verdict of 
"murder in the first degree." This mob had 
no occasion to violate the law, but having 



come to see the show, and fearing disappoint- 
ment, conchided to liave the show anyway. 
Mr. Jordan, and others of tlie jury, think they 
could have prevented it, if present. It is the 
blackest blot on Coles county, of which Douglas 
was then a part. 

r>y the way. is not the fact that liurglaries 
and rol)beries in the earlier days were rare, 
owing to something besides the honesty and 
.scarcity of valuables amongst the ])eople. The 
perception, memory and observation of the 
residents were slmrjiened by llie w;inl of gov- 
ernment, and no man could pass through the 
ct)untry without being especially marked and 
remembered : not from suspicion — this rarely 
obtained — but fmrn a li.ibit of observation, born 
partly of their isolated position. ;ni(l S(inie- 
what of their thirst for news. A man on horse- 
back, or "any other man," who went through 
the country, could be traced a hundred miles, 
and if necessary, overtaken. 

77/1' "spirit (if the times." — The residence 
of I. L. Jordan, north half of the southwest 
quarter, and southeast cpiarter of the south- 
west quarter of section 29, township 16, range 
7 (lands which he entered in 1S52), being cen- 
tral in the township, was a point for elections 
and other public meetings; it was also made a 
center for the collection of taxes by the sherifif, 
wlio was tlien "sheriff and collector" under the 
old regime (before 1868) and county organiza- 
tion. LTpon one occasion, 1859. the first sheriff, 
Sam Logan, had made his collections at "Jor- 
dan's," as it was called, when not only had 
the people generally met him there to pay taxes 
according to notice, but Jordan was shelling 
corn with twelve or fourteen hands. Sam had 
his saddle-bags with him, containing the re- 
sults of two or three days' collections, which 

were augmented at this place. About night, 
after "Sam" had partaken of the hospitalities 
of "]kc," which any old settler who knows 
either will certify were not stinted, he mounted 
his horse and started for Tuscola, to deposit 
his money. At about half past ten o'clock — 
pretty late, in those days, for men who began 
work ;d four :\. M. — Jordan, in bed, heard the 
customary "hello," and, as usual, responded 
])rom])tly, expecting to entertain a belated trav- 
eler. It was "Sam;" and the next word was. 
of course, "light." lint Sam s.'iid. "No, T can't 
stop. T Inmg my saddle-bags on the corner of 
the stable, forgot them, and went off, and now 
they are not there." Ike, after joking him a 
good deal, which he couldn't help, handed him 
to him, and Sam went on his way rejoicing. 
The saddle-bags contained about twenty-five 
hundred dollars. This little incident is related 
to show the spirit of the times. Sam probably 
took his "pile," ;ind going on to Tuscola quietly 
deposited — well, simply woke up some mer- 
chant, at a store, and, making up his package, 
a conglomerate mass of wild-cat money issued 
by almost every liank in North America, 
slapped it into such a safe as was used, and 
calmly went on his way, or more likely went 
to bed where he struck. The only banks were 
the safes of merchants — Wyeth, Craddock & 
Co., J. M. Smith, Davis & Ensey, etc. Every 
fellow called for his money when he wanted it, 
and always got it. The depositors would often 
pertuit the merchant to use some of the money, 
and always got it on call. This mutual con- 
fidence was never abused, though they never 
took receipts. 


The village of Atwood is situated on the 



west line of tlie townsliip, at the county line, 
lying partly in both the counties of Douglas 
and Piatt, and on either side of the east and 
west railroad, its location being in section 30, 
township 16 north, range 7 east. Harvy Otter 
contributed the southwest quarter of the 
northwest quarter, and George Nolind the 
north half of the southwest quarter; Ritchie 
and others "put in" land in Piatt county. It 
was laid off on paper by Patterson, first as- 
sistant engineer of the railroad, and surveyed 
by Mr. Niles, the then county surveyor, in 1873. 
In those years, the county surveyor was, Ijy 
law, the only person qualified to survey town 
lots, the law being changed, so that any com- 
petent surveyor can now act. 

The streets are named East A street, East 
B street and East C street, etc., and North 
Front, North Second, North Third, etc.. The 
Douglas county plat consists of blocks, whicli 
are generally forty feet front by one hun- 
dred and fifty feet; streets, lanes and alleys 
are parallel with and' at right angles 
to the railroad, and the whole is compactly 
and conveniently arranged. The railroad, be- 
sides the usual right-of-way reserved of one 
hundred feet wide, has also reserved a tract 
north of its line one hundred and fifty feet wide, 
and extending east from the county line ele\en 
hundred feet, nearly four acres. The dedica- 
tion of the lots and blocks, in the signing of the 
plats for record, was made jointly by the orig- 
inal proprietors of the land, and H. C. Moore, 
the superintendent of the railway, Hammond, 
the president, and T. H. Macoughtry, the rail- 
road attorney, the owners of the ground hav- 
ing, for certain considerations, agreed to give 
these gentlemen a half-interest in all the lots 

and blocks, with some reservations. This led 
to some confusion, many deeds having been 
made witliout the signature of all the parties, 
but which was finally cured by quit-claiming 
liack to the first owners of the land. 

First store. — The first store in the village 
was a dry goods establishment by Helton & 
Barrett, at the southwest corner of County 
street and South Front street. 

Clinrchcs. — The first church erected in the 
village is the New-Light Christian church, 
which was built in 1880 at an expense of about 
fourteen hundred dollars. It is furnished 
with a good bell, costing eighty dollars, and 
commands in its membership many of the best 
citizens. They are not the same as the Disciples 
of Christ, which is the Christian church, who 
added the present edifice subsequently, at a cost 
of about sixteen hundred dollars. This church 
has also a good bell. These bells chime in lov- 
ing unison, and in their sweet accord give no 
intimation of their preferences. 

The Methodist church was removed from 
Mackville as part of the exodus therefrom in 
1883. The building is worth about twelve 
hundred dollars, and the cost of moving it 
was about two hundred dollars. 

We have in little Douglas the Presbyterians 
and the Cumberland Presbyterians, the Meth- 
odist Episcopal, the Methodist Protestant, the 
Free Methodist, the Episcopalians, the Chris- 
tian church and the "Old New-Light" Chris- 
tian church, and two kinds of Baptists, etc., 
and are thus able to offer facilities to truth- 
seekers not to be surpassed by any county of 
our size in the state. 

Tlic press. — The first newspaper published 
in the village was the Atwood Independent, 



and, under tlie cliarge of S. W. and F. E. 
Lucas, made its salutatory on December 14, 
1883. (See sketch of William E. Means.) 

Incorftoratioii. — December 14, 1883, a pe- 
tition was filed with W. H. Eassett, county 
judge, signed by tiiirty legal voters residing 
within certain territory, the greater portion of 
which lies in Douglas county, setting forth a 
desire to become incorporated as the "village of 
.'Vtwood;" that the number of inhabitants in the 
propo.sed bounds was three hundred, 'i'he 
county judge accordingly fixed u|)iin Janu- 
ary 9, 1884, as the time, and the office of J- 
^^^ Merritt, ]. P.. as the place, when and where 
the election should be held, and he appointed 
as judges of election James -\. Hawks, M. C. 
Drake and A. L. Marshall, which gentlemen, 
in due course, made the following report : 

There were cast at such election : For vil- 
lage organization, sixtj'-six votes; against \'il- 
lage organization, forty-two votes; total, one 
hundred and twenty-eight votes. 

The area of the village.— The territory in- 
cluded in the village incorporation is com- 
prised of the west half of the northwest quarter 
of the northwest quarter, and the southwest 
quarter of the northwest quarter, and the west 
half of the southeast quarter of the northwest 
quarter, and the west half of the northeast 
quarter of the southwest quarter, and the north 
half of the southwest quarter of the southwest 
quarter, and the northwest quarter of the south- 
west quarter in section 31, in Douglas county; 
and the east half of the northeast quarter of the 
northeast quarter, and the .southeast quarter of 
the northeast quarter, and the east half of the 
southwest quarter of the northeast quarter, 
and the east (piarter of the northwest quarter 
of the southeast quarter, and the northeast 

quarter of the southeast quarter, and the north 
half of the southeast (|u;u-ter of the southeast 
quarter in section 36 in Piatt county, all in 
township 16 north, being in area two hundred 
and ninety acres, of which one hundred and 
sixty acres are in Douglas, leaving one hun- 
dred and thirty in Piatt county. 

The matter was prepared and concluded 1))' 
C. G. Eckhart, Esq., of Tuscola. 

.Atwood at present has first-class 
st<ires. a bank, a good hotel, a ne\\si>apcr, good 
churches ;nid schools and has a poi)uI;ition of 
about six hundred people. 

(jarrett has been represented at the county 
seat by F. C. Mullen, who was elected county 
judge in 1861. This was under the oUl style 
of county organization which stopped in 1S68. 
I. L. Jordan was elected sheriff in 1864. Caleb 
Garrett was the first supervisor of the township, 
elected in 1868. He was succeeded by William 
Ellars in i86g. who was re-elected in 1870- 
71-72, being followed by J. \\'. Hackett in 
1873, Thomas Owen in 1874, and by Josiah 
Hoots in 1875. William Howe was in the same 
position in 1876, 1882 and 1883; Jason Green 
was elected in 1877, '^"'^^ '^ the only Democrat 
placed in that office to date. He was re-elected 
in 1878-79. Clans Greve, a naturalized Ger- 
man, was sent in in 1880, and Green was re- 
turned again in 1881, and returned in 1882. 

The village of Garrett has of recent years 
became rpiite a trading point; with good school 
and chiu'cb. It has a population of about. two 
hundred and fifty. 


Derivation of name, bounds, area, etc. — 
Sargent township takes its name from that of 



one of its oldest settlers and who was one of the 
most prominent business and cattle farmers — 
Snowden Sargent. In the old Coles county days 
it was a part of "Oakland precinct," set off for 
election purposes, and that part which remained 
in Douglas, after the formation of the new 
county, took the name of Sargent precinct, and 
was very small, having only about twenty-three 
square miles. It was bounded on the east and 
south by the county line, on the north by a 
line from corner of sections 16, 17, 20 and 21, 
running east to Edgar county, and it had a 
southwest boundary at the Embarrass river, 
which separated it from Deer Creek, since 
Bowdre township. Sargent at the time of 
township organization, in 1868, was made 
into its present shape, aufl is bounded on the 
east and south by the county line, on -the west 
by Bowdre and on the north by Murdock and 
Newman, the north line beginning at the north- 
east corner of section 9, townshi]) 14, range 
14 west, and running thence west on the sec- 
tion lines about seven miles to the northwest 
corner of section 9, township 15, range 9 east, 
and thence south on the section lines eight miles 
to the south county line. It contains fifty-two 
sections of land, which incltides, however, only 
46.45 square miles, and consequently comprise 
29,728.94 acres, and in area ranks No. 5 in the 
county, the discrepancy between the number 
of sections and number of square miles being 
accounted for by the fact that many of the sec- 
tions are very small — those in what is called 
township 15 north, of range 11 east, running 
from two hundred to three hundred and fifty 
acres, their surveyed width being little over one 
quarter of a mile. The smallest government 
section of land in the county is in this town- 

ship — section 7, township 15, range 11 — and 
has only 198.38 acres. 

Surface features. — A large part of the 
township is prairie, perhaps two-thirds; the 
balance is the usual proportion of timber 
land along the borders of the creeks, of which 
"Brushy Fork," an affluent of the Embarrass 
river, comes in on the north line, and flows 
southwesterly toward the west side, when it 
joins the larger creek, the Embarrass, in sec- 
tion 28, township 15, range 10, and their 
mingled waters tlicn run southeasterly until 
they leave the county at the south side of sec- 
tion I, township 14, range 10, running two or 
three miles in Coles county and re-entering 
Douglas on the east side of section 15, township 
14, range 10. Deer Creek comes in from the 
west, and also joins the Embarrass in the north 
part of section 33, township 15, range 10. Sev- 
eral other natural water-courses of smaller di- 
mensions flow into these creeks at various 
points, and in the west part provide amply for 


The southeast part lieing somewhat level, 
a drainage district is in process of development, 
under the statute, which, as soon as the advan- 
tages are realized, will be followed by others, 
as is always the case. 

The highest point in the township, if not 
in the county, and at least rivaling in elevation 
the "Ridge" in Newman township, was, upon 
the farm of Andrew Gwinn, Esq., where the 
govermnent erected an obser\-atory. This is 
a wooden structure of a height of about one 
hundred feet, from which to take instrumental 
observations for the connection of the triangu- 
lar survey of the great lakes with that of the 
Mississippi river and the gulf coasts. 



Old Settlers. — Aniuiii;- the iiicisl prominent 
of the earliest settlers was Snowden Sargent, 
for whom the township was named. He made 
Iiis first visit to tlie state in 1830, and entered 
four hundred acres of land at the office at Pal- 
estine, and passed thmut^h all the usual vicis- 
situdes and pri\;itiiins of ])ioneer life, and be- 
came eventually one of the largest land owners 
in the county; dying in 1875, he left a large es- 
tate to his descendants. 

.Andrew (Iwinn settled here heforc 1836, 
from his last location in Indiana, and visited 
the Richmans in Camargo (who were the 
settlers in the county, 1830). His lands, ad- 
joining Mr. Sargent's and together occupy- 
ing so nuich territory, made the establishment 
of a school district quite a problem. He had 
the largest farm in Douglas county — three 
thousand and one hundred acres. 

I. W. Piurgett lived in this township for 
more than forty years, and controlled about 
sixteen hundred acres of land, all of which 
had been accumulated since his residence there. 
He represented his township for about six 
consecutive years as supervisor, and afterward 
for four years more. Mr. Burgett died of 
typhoid fever February 13, 1884. He was 
fifty-five years of age, and had resided in the 
state forty-five years. He was a man of good 
appearance and fine business al)ility. 

Other early settlers were the Reddings. 
Samuel Allison — Casebeer, B. F. Coykendall, 
William Hancock and W. F. Murphy. Jose- 
phus Redding was born iji Edgar county in 
1829, and came to this region in 183 1,, when 
two years of age. Samuel Allison arrived in 
1853, since deceased. Coykendall arrived in 
1847, and I. W. Burgett in 1839. W. F. Mur- 
phy bought his first land here in 1850. 

Lund riitrlrs. — The first entries of land 
were made in 1830. We find that in this year 
lands were entered by Kli Sargent, 1. Ashmore, 
Amos Leslie, Joseph Redding, Jr., David Sears, 
Samuel Moore, Pharmer Leslie and Hez. 
Rhoades. North half fif the northeast tpiarter 
of section i, townshi]) 14, range 10, was en- 
tered in this year by Sargent, who also took 
large bodies of other lands in the vicinity. 
In 1831, June 1. John Laughlin took lot 2, 
northwest (|uarter of section 2. township 14, 
range 10, and other lands. In the same year 
Stanton Pemberton covered several tracts in 
section 10. township 14, range 10. Pharmer 
Leslie, October 29, 1830, entered the west half 
of the southwest quarter of section 23, town- 
ship 15, range 10, and east half of the northeast 
quarter of section 34, township 15, range 10. 
In 1834 S. and R. S. Williams entered large 
bodies of land, taking all of section 9, township 
14, range 10, and the school section. Joseph 
P. Winkler, March 11, 1835, took northeast 
quarter of the northeast quarter of section 7, 
township 15, range 14. Daniel Landers, 1836, 
November 30, northwest quarter of the south- 
west quarter of section 14, township 15, range 
10. Snowden Sargent, 1835, November 13, 
northwest quarter of the northwest quarter of 
section t, township 14, range 10, and other 
lands. Daniel Miller, May 24, 1837, entered 
east half of the southwest quarter of section 11, 
township 15, range 10, and Reuben Donalds, 
1837, February 22, and May 29, northeast 
quarter of the southwest quarter of section i, 
township 14, range 10, and east half of the 
northeast quarter of section 6, township 14, 
range 14. Henry K. Potts settled in this town- 
ship in 1856. Robert Matson, 1835, April 20, 
entered northwest quarter of section 22, town- 



ship 15, range 10; in 1837, the northeast 
quarter of the northwest quarter of section 27, 
township 15, range 10, and in 1839, May 27, 
the east half of the northeast quarter of section 
21, township 15, range 10. There is some ac- 
count of him in Bowdre township (q. v.). In 
1,837, J""e 28, Isaac Wells, north half of the 
southeast quarter of section 7, township 15, 
range 10. Same year, June i, John Hopping, 
southwest quarter of the northeast quarter of 
sectin t,^, township 15, range 10. Jonathan 
W. Powers entered, in 1849 to 1857, the south 
half of the northeast quarter of section 5, town- 
ship 14, range 14, and other lands. Cornelius 
Hopkins took the northwest quarter of the 
southeast quarter or section 7, township 15, 
range 14, and other lands, August 23, 1849; 
and Robert Albin, on March 4, 1850, entered 
the northeast quarter of the southeast quarter of 
section 7, township 15, range 14, and subse- 
quently other lands. There are few if any en- 
tries in the years intervening" between 1840 and 

The railroad crosses the southwest part of 
the township, entering at the west side of sec- 
tion 9, township 14, range 10, and leaving 
at east side of section 15, same township, where 
it crosses the Embarrass river on a substantial 
bridge of some six hundred feet in length. This 
road got no subsidy from the township. The 
Toledo, Cincinnati & St. Louis Railroad crosses 
the southeast comer in section 4, township 14, 
range 14, having been constructed along here 
in 1881. 

Villages, etc. — There is no trading point 
of comparative importance in the township, the 
business of the people, with regard to shipping 
points to railroad villages and post office, going 

t(i "Brushy Fork," which is the only post office 
in the township. 

A proposed city called Columbus was reg- 
ularly laid out in February, 1841, on the land 
of James H. Hicks, on the west side of the east 
half of the northeast quarter of section 35, 
township 15 north, of range 10 east, and con- 
tained about forty acres. The land was en- 
tered by Eli Sargent October 29, 1830. The 
town was surveyed by S. Sconce, Coles county 
surveyor, for Hicks, who does not appear to 
have had any deed to the land. 

County office holders. — Residents, l)oth 
former and present, of this township have had 
much U) do with the pul)lic business. William 
Hancock was the first assessor and treasurer 
of the new county, having been elected with the 
first corps of officers in 1859. James H. Shaw- 
han was elected sheriff in 1871, to fill the unex- 
pired term of Cooper, of Bourbon township, 
\\ho had disappeared in company with Bourbon 
township funds. I. W. Burgett was the first 


Erection, etc. — In years, area and popula- 
tion, compared with the other political sub- 
divisions of Douglas county, Murdock town- 
ship ranks number nine and last, having been 
created at the December meeting of the board 
of supervisors in 1882. 

The petition for the new township was 
closely followed by a counterpetition in the 
shape of a remonstrance leading to a warm 
discussion of the "pros and cons," it being held 
and strenuously maintained that the board held 
jurisdiction only of the inhabitants of the pro- 


posed new territory, and not of those out of 
whose area tlie new township was to be made. 
This nice (hstinction evoh'ed from the ingenuity 
of tlie attorneys, did not, however, prevail; the 
matter was taken to the circuit court on apjieal, 
and at tlie October term. 18S3, the action of the 
board being conhrmcd. Murdock became an 
independent township. The name of the town- 
ship was given in compliment to John D. Mur- 
dock, an old resident yet living (see sketch). 

lis «;•<•<;. — The area is made up from 
twenty-two scpiare miles of territory, which 
were generously donated by the township of 
Camargo on the west, and about seven from 
Newman, wliich lie upon the east side. It in- 
cludes the west twenty-four sections of town- 
ship 16 north, of range 10 east, of third prin- 
cipal meridian, and sections 2, 3, 4 and 5 of 
township 15 north, of range 10 east, compris- 
ing twenty-eight regular sections, containing, 
according to the United States government 
survey, 30.65 .square miles, the same being 
19,617.61 acres, being the smallest township 
in the county. 

With regard to the first entries of lands in 
this township, while there were some very early 
entries, most of the lands, being all prairie, 
were taken up along about 1852-53, which 
years seem to have been at the close of a period 
in which the go\crnment lands were temjjor- 
arily withdr;iwn from sale pending the location 
of the Illinois Central Railroad and its selec- 
tions of lands within the six-mile limit, which 
limit was afterward extended to fifteen miles 
to enable the road to supply the quantity of 
lands not found in the first limit. The latter 
extended limit takes in all of Murdock. 

On February 23, 1853, William Cline en- 

tered the east half of the southeast quarter of 
section 2. tmvnship 15, range 10. This is the 
extreme southeast eighty acres in the township. 
The first entry made was by James Brewer 
June 18, 1847; he entered lot No. 2 of the 
northwest (juarter of section 31, townsJn']) 16, 
range 10. and Samuel Roderick took the south- 
east (juarter of section 30. township 16, range 
10, in 1849. J. V. Campbell entered several 
tracts, as also JoJni Tcnbrook and the Baileys, 
1852 to 1855. 


This \illage, established and named hefurc 
the township was made, is situated generally 
on the north side of the I. D. & W. railroad, 
and between it and the east and west half-mile 
line of section 33, tow-nship 16 north, range 
10 east. It was laid off by the IMurdocks in 
September, 1881. It was shortly afterward 
followed by an addition made by R. F. Helm 
on the north side of the east and west public 
road. The railroad has a reserve on tlie north 
side of its track, aliout eight)'' rods long and 
one hundred and twenty-five feet wide, and a 
right-of-way on the south side of fifty feet; a 
roomy side track is established which gives 
ample facilities to shippers in the vicinity. 

Mr. S. Baxter purchased a few acres di- 
rectly east of the village, where he erected 
se\eral neat tenant houses which assist in giv- 
ing Mm^dock the air of quite a busy ])Iace; this 
is further assisted by the ele\ator erected by 
the Murdocks in 1878, and later by Fred P. 
Rush & Co., of Indianapolis. 

The Methodists, with their proverbial zeai, 
erected a substantial church here, and finished 



it in October, 1882, about as soon as the town 
was laid out. It has a steeple and a ninety- 
dollar bell, the cost of the structure being in all 
about eighteen hundred and fifty dollars. 

Fairland is a new and thriving village in 
the northwest part of the township. It contains 
several first-class stores, good church and 
school. The business men are mostly young 
men and are thoroughly in touch with the ad- 
vance of the times. It has one bank, the Fair- 
land E.xchange Bank, which was recently 
founded by John Quinn (see sketch). 

The first township officers were : Super- 
visor, Da\id Smith ; assessor, W. C. Whallen ; 
collector, R. F. Helm; justice, S. Baxter. And 
in the distribution of county officers Murdock 
has had a share. Among those who live with- 
in the present bounds, Mr. John D. Murdock, 
from whom the township was named, was 
elected in 1859 one of the first two associate 
justices of the county, and was re-elected in 
1861. This was, of course, prior to township 
organization. The county board consisted of 
a judge and two associate judges. Mr. Mur- 
dock served his first term with James Ewing, 
of Areola, as judge, the other associate being 
Robert Hopkins, of Newman. In his second 
term, he was with F. C. Mullen, of Garrett, as 
judge, and Caleb Bales, of Areola, as the other 
associate. It was under the care and manage- 
ment of the last named board that the court 
house was contracted for and begun. A large 
part of the business of this day, the early days 
of the county, was the location of new public 
roads. The board would appoint three commis- 
sioners, one always the surveyor, to view the 
road, and report at ne.xt term. There was cjuite 
an epidemic of roads these times. 

James H. Shawhan, now of the new town- 

ship, formerly of Sargent, was elected sherifif 
in 1 87 1, and also served several years with 
credit as highway commissioner. 

The surveyors appointed by the court in 
October, 1871, were Edmund Fish, of Areola; 
H. C. Niles, of Tuscola, and A. H. Guy, of 
Vermilion county. They worked a week at it 
and reported to court. The case was tried 
three times for various reasons, and finally set- 
tled down to the lines made by the commis- 
sioners. Mr. Issachar Davis, surveyor in the 
neighborhood, gave the board valuable and 
willing assistance. The confusion mostly arose 
originally from a proven mistake of the orig- 
inal government surveyors, they having left 
two corners on the range line, which they re- 
corded as twenty-two rods apart, while, iden- 
tified, they proved to be only six rods apart. 
The writer has seen the original figures made 
by the government surveyor, and the proof on 
the ground. The controversy arose from the 
situation of a thirty-five-acre piece belonging 
to John Brown, which the surveyors in their 
report dubbed the "John Brown tract." This 
whole controversy was conducted l)y the inter- 
ested parties with a manly and fair spirit, much 
superior to the temper usually manifested on 
such occasions; though Shiloh Gill says that 
he and Brown had worn out a certain fence 
four times in trying to conform to the various 
opinions of its true place. Each moved the 
fence every time the other fellow got a new 
wrinkle from anybody, and the surveying busi- 
ness in the close neighborhood was good until 
the commission surveyors came along and 
spoiled the job. 


Origin of the name. — The name of this 



township is derived from that of the city, but 
the origin of it is involved in obscurity, the 
most (Hhgent inquiry having failed to disclose 
its source, or to draw out any account of it 
which promised satisfaction. Tlascala in Mex- 
ico, Tusculuni, in Italy, and Tuscaloosa, Ala- 
bama, etc., have been suggested as possible 
bases for a guess, but have yielded no convic- 
tion. The idea that the name is of Indian ori- 
gin has been generally fallen back upon as the 
only hopeful solution, in which the anxious 
inquirers are joined by a prominent citizen of 
a county of the same name in Michigan. 
Township organization was adopted in 1867 
and inaugurated in 1868. Joseph B. McCown, 
of Camargo, H. B. Evans, of Tuscola, and L. 
McAllister, of Areola, were appointed by the 
county court to divide the county into more 
convenient political subdivisions. 

TIic railroads. — The township is traversed 
by the Chicago branch of the Illinois Central 
Railroad, running about north and south, di- 
viding it into nearly equal parts. The road 
enters at the northeast quarter of section 3, 
township 16, range 8, and leaves at south line 
of section 10, township 15, range 8, and is a 
straight line through the county, varying from 
true north, however, about seven degrees ; that 
is to say, it bears to the right just about forty 
rods to the mile. 

This road has a right of way two hundred 
feet wide through the township, which reserve 
is inclosed for the most part with a substantial 
fence as required by law, and occupies twenty- 
four acres of land for every mile it traverses, 
being in the aggregate two hundred and forty 
acres in the township ; the difference to land 
tax payers along the line of the road was an 
item of importance and resisted, until by con- 

sent, as it were, the railroad, reserve was grad- 
ually eliminated from the acres of the adjoining 
land owner. 

The township is also intersected by the St. 
Louis branch of the Indianapolis, Bloomington 
& Western Railroad, which runs east and west 
through it, along, very nearly, the middle line of 
the south tier of sections in townshij) 16 north, 
range 8 east, crossing the Illinois Central Rail- 
road at Tuscola. The road was finished 
through the township in 1872; was chartered 
under the name of the Indiana & Illinois Cen- 
tral in 1852, and as Decatur & Indianapolis 
was legalized in 1853; it remained, however, 
under the name of Indiana & Illinois Central 
until 1876, when upon re-organization it re- 
ceived the name of Indianapolis, Decatur & 
Springfield, and finally was known as the St. 
Louis branch of the Indianapolis, Bloomington 
& Western, having been leased to that corpora- 
tion for ninety-nine years. The road is now 
known as the I. D. & W. 

A road was surveyed from Tuscola City 
northeastward, to be called the Danville, Tus- 
cola & Western, which was instituted by Tus- 
cola people. The preliminary surveying was 
begun in January, 1872, under the direction of 
James Davis, Esq., assisted by Thomas E. 
Bundy, the attorney for the road, the chief en- 
gineer being H. C. Niles. A year was con- 
sumed in the location and in trying to meet the 
wisiies of everybody, and grading was for the 
greater part completed nearly to Danville; but 
the panic of 1872-73 calling a halt, and the 
railway business generally receiving a sudden 
check, it was found impossible to build the 
road with the means at command. It was 
subsequently completed and is now known as 
the Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railroad. 



Early entries of land and first settlers. — 
Being" all prairie, the township was of the latest 
settled, the first comers, as a general rule, keep- 
ing close to the timber for its seeming protec- 
tion. The prairie was considered a bleak, bar- 
ren waste, unfit for habitation or cultivation, 
the magnificent richness of the soil not being 
appreciated by men accustomed to hilly wood- 
lands. The timber was convenient for fuel, 
building and fencing, and men clung to it, for 
it was considered injudicious to e.xpose one's 
self and family to the full sweep of the winter 
storms and the annual and really dangerous 
prairie fires. 

The first entries of land we find are about as 
follows: Sigler H. Lester, December 5, 1836, 
entered west half of the northwest quarter of 
section 30, town 16, range 8; John Hammer, 
May, 1837, north half of the northwest quarter 
of section 18, town 16, range 8; 1837, July 22, 
Jacob Moore took lot 2, southwest quarter of 
section 30, town 16, range 8; the bulk of the 
lands entered by him were six miles south ; 
June 19, 1838, Thomas Lewis entered lot 2, 
southwest quarter of section 18, town 16, range 
8; 1837, Samuel Lester, on lots 3 and 4, north- 
east quarter of section 6, town 15, range 8, 
and other large lands; 1849, N\'illiam Brian, 
north half of the northeast (juarter of section 
ly, town 16, range 8. Mr. Brian distriliated 
his lands among his children, otherwise lie 
would have been the largest land owner in the 
county. Most of the land entries were made in 
1852-53. Up to that time it appears that there 
was a check upon settlements of lands by en- 
try, or rather the buying of such lands, the dis- 
trict for the most part being withdrawn from 
sale pending the location of the Illinois Central 
Railroad, and its selection of the lands granted 

it by government. In 1853 H. Sand ford en- 
tered the northeast quarter of section 33, town 
16, range 8, which adjoins Tuscola on the west, 
and in the palmy days was firmly held at one 
hundred dollars per acre. Amongst the active 
and prominent of earlier settlers, as farmers 
and cattle men, were O. C. and M. F. Hackett, 
Owen J. Jones and Joseph W. Smith in the 
south part, and in the north B. F. Boggs, Ben- 
ham Nelson, George P. Phinney and Caleb Gar- 
rett. He emigrated from the adjoining town- 
ship of Garrett in 1874. Ample notes of the 
career and influence of many of these gentle- 
men will be found elsewhere in this volume. 

The sixteenth section in every congressional 
township was, by law, set apart for sale for the 
use of schools, and so sold by the state. It was 
required to be surveyed into lots, the utility of 
which is not clear, as the government subdi- 
visions would have answered every purjiose of 

Section 16, town 16 north, range 8 east, in 
Tuscola township, was divided into sixteen lots, 
each lot being one of the original forty-acre 
tracts; the numbering began in the northeast 
corner and ended in the southeast. The pur- 
chases were made in 1857. W. P. Carter took 
six of them ; T. G. Chambers two ; J. F. Parcels 
four; Le Roy Wiley four. There is no record 
authority in Douglas county for the number- 
ing, the only guide being the various convey- 
ances, which, however, generally give the num- 
ber of the lot as well as the regular subdivision. 

First toivn meeting. — The first town meet- 
ing after township organization was held at 
Tuscola in 1868. The meeting was called to 
order by W. H. Lamb; S. D. Stevenson was 
elected moderator and C. F. Lamb clerk. A 
committee of five was appointed to divide the 



township into road districts. It was made up 
of G. P. Phinney, A. Mc Neil!, J. McGinniss, 
James Jester and Josiali McKee. The place of 
this meeting is not given, bnt it was arranged 
liiat the next shonld be held at J. B. Hart's 
store, northeast corner of Central avenue and 
Parke street. Here O. C. Hackett was elected 
the first supervisor, with a majority of only 
one vote over \V. B. Ervin. Thomas E. Bundy 
exceeded the vote of li. C. Sluss by six votes. 
C. H. Griffith was elected assessor by getting 
two votes more than J. II. Purely, and S. Pad- 
dleford was made the first collector, defeating 
C. F. Lamb by fifty-eight votes. J. M. Ephlin 
was the first constable and was chosen at this 
election. W. H. Wood was the first justice of 
the peace. The first commissioners of high- 
ways, and who were elected on this occasion, 
were Benham Nelson, Noah Ammen and W. 

The original tozon of Tuscola. — The orig- 
inal town is bounded on the west by the Illinois 
Central Railroad, and extends eastward to 
Niles avenue, which is the north and south 
center line of section 34, and is the street upon 
which stand the schoolhouse and Methodist 
church. This avenue w'as begun by Mr. Can- 
non in his addition to Tuscola, with the gen- 
erous width of seventy-five feet, but unfor- 
tunately the surveyor or proprietor of subse- 
quent additions saw fit to cut it down to sixty 
feet. The bound of the original town on the 
south is the south line of the section at the 
township line, and it is met on the north by 
Winston's addition, wliich is one-quarter of a 
mile wide. 

JViuslon's addition. — The first addition to 
Tuscola was made by A. B. Newkirk, of Chi- 
cago, and consists of the north half of north- 

west quarter of section 34, township 16 north, 
of range 8 east, and was surveyed by H. C. 
Niles, the county surveyor, in August, 1859, 
assisted by Henry Beach, who afterward built 
the first Beach House. The blocks in this ad- 
dition, nearly four hundred feet square, are di- 
vided generally into four lots, which all lay 
square with the world, except at the railroad. 
The streets are of the generous width of sixty- 
six feet, being six feet wider than those of the 
original town, upon which they join. No street 
was made between this and the original town. 
ll'ainslcy & Cannon's addition. — In the 
.spring of i860 William Wamsley, with J. 
G. Cannon as manager, laid off into lots and 
blocks the southwest quarter of the southeast 
quarter of section 34, town 16 north, range 8 
east, making sixteen blocks, the west tier of 
which was subdivided into quarters, the sur- 
veying of which was done by Niles. Niles 
avenue, on the west, was named in compliment 
■ to the surveyor and is seventy-five feet wide, 
as also is the next avenue east. Both of thfse 
beautiful streets have been spoiled by the n\is- 
taken economy, or j^erhaps want of informa- 
tion, of the proprietors of the subsequent addi- 
tions on the north, when they suddenly fell to 
a width of sixty feet, and not only that, but no 
regard or attention was paid to the abutting 
streets in the prior addition; the result is the 
streets, as it were, hit nowhere even, the lot 
bounds do not "line," and the people find fault 
with the surveyors when shown the facts. 

Kelly's addition. — Kelly's addition (by the 
way, there is never any "first" addition), No- 
vember 15, 1 86 1, followed by his second De- 
cember 30, 1864, consists of the southwest 
quarter of the northeast quarter and the north- 
west quarter of the southeast quarter of section 



34, town 16, range 8, eiglity acres, and was sur- 
\eved by E. C. Siler, county surveyor. In the 
first addition, however, he was the deputy of 
Niles. The lots were made large, to meet a 
seeming demand for such, among which streets, 
lanes and alleys were very scarce. The progress 
of the times has eventually forced through sev- 
eral highways. Robert Kelly, of Indiana, was 
the projector of these additions. He was a 
Quaker of standing and much business ability. 

Mathers' addition. — The next addition 
made was called Mathers" northeast addition, 
and comprised the east half of the northeast 
quarter and the northwest quarter of the north- 
east quarter of section 34, town 16 north, range 
8 east, one hundred and twenty acres. It was 
surveyed July 12. 1864, by E. C. Siler, county 
surveyor, under the proprietorship of John 
Mathers, win) had previously accpiired an inter- 
est in the lands of the original T()wn Comiiany. 
The greater |)art of this .addition was laid out 
into lots or blocks, containing in gross about 
ten acres, and has since been used almost ex- 
clusively for farming lands. The streets in this 
portion of Tuscola do n<it conform to those in 
the original town, not only Ijeing of different 
widths, l)Ut do not fairh' meet the (jriginal 

Cornelius' addition. — Cornelius' additiiin 
C(jnsists of about twenty acres of land in the 
.southwest corner of the section, being a re- 
served portion of the original town plat, and 
lying east of the Illinois Central Railroad, and 
north of the south line of the section. The lots 
are of good ax'erage size, with a location not 
very desirable. It was laid out by P. S. C<n-- 
nelius and surveyed by Niles August ig, 1870. 

Pofiidation and coiiditi<in. — The ])opulation 
of the city in 1870 was placed at fifteen hun- 

dred; H. B. Evans was the enumerator. At 
the tenth census, 1880, the population was about 
the same; within that decade the city had not 
progressed much in the way of extending areas 
or erecting new buildings. While progress in 
this respect has not been observed, it is notable 
that Tuscola is one of the neatest and best- 
kept villages in the central part of the state. 
Fourteen miles of substantial sidewalk, a large 
part of which is eight and twelve feet wide, 
conduct the exploring stranger dry-shod to 
churches, school houses, etc., in fact, take him 
anywhere, except to a saloon. Careful and 
systematic attention has been given to sanita- 
tion, and breaches of the public peace are rare. 
The census of 1890 gives Tuscola eighteen hun- 
dred and ninety-seven and it has a present pop- 
ulation of about three thousand. 

Earl\< cz'cnts. — The first house which aj}- 
]ieare(l in Tuscola was a part of the present 
dwelling of Thomas S. Sluss, at *he northwest 
corner of Main and Daggy streets. It was 
placed there by William Chandler, who hauled 
it from the close neighborhood of Bourbon. 
He occupied it awhile and sold it, building sub- 
se(|nently the dwelling now standing directly 

The first house built was the store at the 
railroad, on the north side of Sale street, long 
since gone. Simon G. Bassett, lirother of Dr. 
II. J. Bassett, of Tuscola, was the first post- 
master as well" as express and freight agent. 

The second house budt was erected on Parke 
street, east side, near the present brick, soutii 
of Sale street; it was put up by A. L. Otis. 

The third house built was the residence of 
Thomas W^iody, erected on the northwest cor- 
ner of Central ax'cnue and Main street, whence 
it was remcned. Thomas Woody was the fa- 



tlier of A. M. Woody, who served as mayor of 
the city for tlie four years ending in April, 
1883. Tliomas Woody was an active Meth- 
ochst, and before the day of cliurches lie and 
his wife, with A. G. Wallace and wife, associ- 
ated with Mrs. Dr. Bassett and Mrs. Kuhn, 
were the only church peojjle in the place who 
had any aptitude for conducting religious 
exercises. Class and jirayer meetings were 
held m Mr. Woody's house for several years 
after Mr. Woody's arrival. He died in Xo- 
veniber, 1883, with full honors. 

The tirst child born in the place was Miss 
May Wallace, daughter of A. G. Wallace. 
Mrs. Has. Moore, ncc May Chandler, daugh- 
ter of William Chandler, moved here fr(im 
Bourbon at the age of si.\ years. 

The first store was a grocery, built on the 
north side of the court house square liy B. F. 
Lewis, now a farmer northwest of town. The 
next was probably the drug store of Dr. J. W. 
Wright, which was located in the present one- 
and-a-half-story dwelling, now standing di- 
rectly east of the old court house. These 
two proprietors were compelled to yield to 
the logic of events, both eventually inilling up 
stakes and moving down into tnwn. The 
Lewis store was removed bodily to State 
street. The stock was bought by J. M. Ephlin 
and A. M. Woody, and was the foundation of 
the large Woody & Russell grocery store. Dr. 
W'right built a store and dwelling combined on 
the southwest corner of Main street and Cen- 
tral avenue, where he had sole control of the 
drug business until 1865. He finall}- went to 
California, being succeeded in his business by 
Dr. J. A. Ficlil, who occupied the old st.ind 
for a while, and afterward remi>\ed to his 

brick at the southeast corner of Parke and Sale 
streets, which he built in 1882. H. C. Niles, 
who had been bred to the drug trade, opened a 
new drug store, in 1865 at the southeast cor- 
ner of Avenue and .Main streets in company 
with E. C. Siler. The latter sold out to Niles, 
who joined C. .\. Davis on the north side of 
Sale street, in a Iniilding which was destroyed 
in one of the great fires, which occurred in 
October, 1881. The house stood the second 
door directly west of Gofif's marble works, 
which is the first establishment of the kind per- 
manently located at this city. Mr. R. Gruelle 
was in the drug business for a few years; also 
E. L. Smith, who sold out to Benton, and he to 
Foster, who is yet in the business. E. L. 
.Smith, after leaving the drug business, began 
the ])ractice of law, and in 1878 he committed 
suicide l)y cutting his throat in his office, up 
stairs at the southeast corner of Parke and Sale 
streets. The real causes of his self "taking 
off" were ne\ er known, but were supposed to 
be business troubles and bodily disease. 

William H. Russell and .A. M. Woody in- 
stituted, in 1859, the permanent grocery 
house in the place, succeeding J. M. Ephlin, 
beginning with scant means, on the nurth side 
of Sale street. The house was long and favor- 
ably known as "Woody & Russell," and the 
partnership remained undisturbed until No- 
vember, 1874, a period of fifteen years, when it 
was dissolved by mutual consent and mutual 
good will. Air. Russell died in June, 1876; 
he was from North Carolina, whence he re- 
moved to Indiana, arriving at Tuscola in 1859. 
With the excei^tion of serving as school director 
and a term or two in the city council. Russell 
had ni)t been in ])ublic office. The ini|)ress of 



his character upon the old and new institutions 
of the city is permanently good, and will not be 
quickly forgotten. 

S. G. Bassett, backed by Alonzo Lyons, 
began business on the north side of Sale street 
at the railroad in 1859, and about these days 
Elijah McCarty built quite a large two-story 
warehouse on the south side of the same street, 
also at the railroad. The former building is 
long since gone; the other remains as part of 
the large elevator of R. &. J. Ervin. The post 
office was here then, with W. T. French as 
postmaster. McCarty in those days was one 
of the largest farm operators, handling about 
four thousand acres of railroad land for a 
wealthy firm in Kentucky. He was large- 
hearted, liberal and profuse, and controlled a 
great amount of money for years. The par- 
ties, however, disposed of the lands, and Mc- 
Carty, after becoming involved, went to St. 
Louis, and tlied much reduced in tinancial 
strength. He was once a candidate for con- 
gress in this district. 

A. G. Wallace started the first regular 
real estate office, after leaving the circuit clerk's 
position. Others had been prominent in tlie 
line in connection with their current business. 
Mr. Wallace was succeeded by P. C. Slnan, 
also a former clerk and recorder, in which he 
was joined by A. A. McKee, but they are now 
dissolved in business. 

The insurance business was not taken up as 
a regular occupation until 1865-66, when W. 
P. Cannon, who locally represented a large 
number of companies in connection with other 
business, sold out to A. P. Helton, who arrived 
from Bloomington, Indiana, in 1862. Mr. 
Helton kept a large hardware store on the south 
side of the avenue for a number of years, and 

sold to Lodge & Minturn, who kept store for 
a while in the stand now occupied by the Evans 
grocery. Mr. Helton's insurance business 
increased rapidly, and he became, perhaps, the 
leading insurance man in the central part of 
the state, representing a large number of com- 
panies, and well posted in all that pertains to 
this branch of the business. He helped to run 
the first brass band, like the others for amuse- 
ment only, and was a cornet player of some 

Incorporation. — October 11, 1S59, an elec- 
tion by the citizens was hekl for and against 
incorporation. The names of all the voters 
were: William Chandler, I. J. Halstead, Mich- 
ael Noel, A. L. Otis. F. F. Nesbit, P. Noel, 
.\. J. Gorman, James 11. Harrison, James 
Davis, A. G. Wallace, John 'Chandler, A. Van 
Deren, Thomas Woody and Joseph G. Cannon. 
The vote for incorporation stood twelve; 
against, two; total fourteen. Mr. Harrison 
was a prominent sto\e and hardware man, 
first on Central avenue, in the store now occu- 
pied by Tyler in the same business; afterward 
in a two-story building which stood on the 
present site of Bye's shoe store. This build- 
ing was removed to the north side of the 
avenue, to a place directly east of the present 
Opera block, and "went up" in the great fire 
of 1873. Mr. Harrison was a leading citizen, 
had much to do with the institutions of the 
place, and later was president of the National 
Bank at Farmer City. James Davis was of 
the firm of Davis & Finney, grain dealers, and 
served as mayor of the city. John Chandler 
lias a large farm east of town, was the first 
county clerk, and had an active and useful 
\)Ti\'*. in the formation of the new county. Maj. 
\'an Deren is yet a resident and a farmer. Mr. 





Cannon removed to Damillc. < )t tlic others, 
Messrs. Halstead, Noels, Otis and Nesb;t 
reniovetl ; William Ch.iniller, a carpenter and 
builder, died here, as also Mr. Wallace and 
Thomas \Voody. 

City Charter. — The city charter is dated 
March !J, 1859. The first mayor was James 
H. Martin, with a council consisting of I. L. 
Jordan. E. Price, M. Pujjh and W. Taggart. 
.Mr. Jiird;i'i. tornierI\' a farmer in Garrett town- 
siii]). \\;'s sheriff of tiic county. I'rice, though 
a large land owner in the count}-, is now a non- 
resRicnt. Pugh, a wagon-maker, has lately re- 
moved, and Col. Taggart, after honorable serv- 
ice in the war of iS()i, and serving two terms 
as sheriff remains a citizen, under the 
firm name of Taggart & Williams, in the fur- 
niture business. In the war record in this vol- 
ume will be found ;i moie jiarticular notice of 
those who served as soldiers. Mr. James H. 
Martin resigned the mayoralty in June, 1870, 
parth' because of ill health, and partly because 
of ineligibility: he lived outside the corpora- 
tion, owning land just beyond the northeast 
corner of the town. With a view of correcting 
the matter, he had a small addition to the city 
made and recorded, which was situated in the 
southwest corner of section twenty-six. town- 
ship 16, range eight, but no lots were sold, and 
it was finally dropped. Mr. Martin was from 
Indiana, resided in Tuscola for about six years 
in the practice of the law. He died November 
15, 1871, and was buried ;it Camargo, with 
Masonic honors. 

Tuscola is doubtless the first city in the 
state organized under the general incor|)oration 
act, which took effect July i, 1872. In 1870 
Thomas S. Sluss presided as m:iyor: 
present, J. C. Walker and J.inu-s Dilly; .\. 11. 

Sluss, city clerk and attorney. August 15, 
1870, the city attorney was ordered to dismiss 
the .suit of the city against Niles & Dryer, 
druggists, defendants jjaying attorneys' fees. 
This was a suit for not reporting sales of 
li(|uors f(pr the |)ast two mi>nths, the ordinance 
re(|uiring such rejjort, which was to contain the 
name of the purchaser, quantity sokl anil i)ur- 
pose u.sed for. The firm was not pro.secuted for 
selling li(|Uor. but for not reporting sales. At 
this meeting, J. C. Walker moved the remission 
of the fine, which was promjjtly .seconded by 
James Davis, and the resolution was carried. 
In 1865 the board was in session, contemplat- 
ing serious restrictions upon the druggist 
liquor sales, and stirring speeches were made 
pro and con, the last of which was made by a 
druggist, who produced as his final argument 
a large bottle of old London Dock Gin. which, 
after placing on the table under the noses of 
the board, he gracefully retired, amid loud and 
continued applause. The proposed resolution 
was also laid on the table. 

Hotels. — The first boarding house or hotel 
was kept by -A. Cj. \\'allace. This building 
w'as a large "story-and-a-half" house, situated 
just about where the bank now stands on the 
.Avenue. Mr. Wallace had arrixed in the 
county in 1841, and stojjped at a place, then 
witlely known as the "Wallace stand," west of 
Hickory Grove, in the southeast part of tin 
county. He removed to Camargo in 1854. 
and in 1856 to Tuscola, where he kept hotel as 
above for about two years. He was deeply 
interested in ;ind was one of the most active 
workers for the foundation of the new county. 
He was the lust justice of the ])eace elected in 
Tuscola, 1858, and in 1859 was electe<l the 
lirst circuit clerk and recorder. He was con- 



tinuously re-elected until he had served four 
consecutive terms of four years each. Upon 
retiring from the office, he conducted for sev- 
eral years a real estate and loan office, and was 
always an active and leading member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. Mr. Wallace 
died on the 27th of July, 1879. 

The Beach House began an existence as a 
boarding house on the southeast corner of 
Ensey and Parke streets. It was then under the 
conduct of Henry Beach. He Iniilt the first 
Beach House on the site of the present hotel of 
the same name. Some time after his death, 
the first hotel was burned to the ground, about 
1869. and rebuilt by Mrs. Beach in 1870. She 
was succeeded by her son-in-law. W. Kissel, 
who is just completing a very fine and com- 
modious brick hotel. 

The Hotel Douglas which was opened to the 
traveling public April 19, 1899, is by odds the 
best all around equipped hotel in Douglas coun- 
ty, and in by far the best location. The people 
of Tuscola and Douglas county owe a debt of 
gratitude as well as best wishes and their pat- 
ronage to Mr. and Mrs. John \Miittaker for 
constructing this popular inn, for it is reason- 
ably safe to say had they not built it Tuscola 
would be without a decent hotel totlay. 

The first hotel was built on the northeast 
corner of Main antl Houghton streets, by the 
Town company. A large two-story frame, it 
was for a few years the only hotel and in court 
season a lively place. It was constructed by 
M. C. Elkin, who was an old resident. This 
hotel was burned in 1864, antl rebuilt by the 
insurance company. It was then called the 
"Tuscola House." 

Other early C7'eiits. — The present court 
house square had been fenced in with common 

boards and was the "fair ground" of the firsr 
Douglas county fair. The old court house was 
used for a "floral hall." as it were, and a band 
and speakers' stand had been erected in the north 
side of the square. E. McCarty, Caleb Garrett 
and Ira J. Halstead, secretary, were the man- 
agers. The first dance was held in the room 
over northeast corner of Parke and Sale streets, 
where Mrs. John Madison danced the first set 
with Joseph G. Cannon. This old court house 
was, on its completion, hailed with joy by all 
who belie\ed in wholesale sociability. Parties, 
balls and dances were frequent and enjoyable. 
The first was the celebration of the finishing of 
the building by a well-attended dance. This 
was in 1861. 

The first session of circuit court was held 
in the fall of 1859, in the then just finished 
depot building of the I. C. R. R., and the very 
first civil case on the docket was Button vs. 
Johnson,; default of defendant and judgment 
for $3.20. This was an appeal from Dr. J. T. 
Johnson, a magistrate in the village of Bour- 
bon. Dr. Johnson was a well-known practic- 
ing physician and "Squire" in the west end, at 
,the time of the formation of the new county, 
and along about 1865 went west. Circuit court 
was next held in the second story of the build- 
ing now occupied by George Smith, the same 
place where J. M. Maris previously held forth 
as a grocer. This was the largest available 
room in the place at that time, and was used for 
all public meetings until the so-called court 
house was built in 1861. At this time A. G. 
Wallace, the circuit clerk, had his office in the 
same building on Sale street, and the county 
clerk occupied a room in the Tuscola House, 
the two-story hotel in Houghton street, here- 
tofore mentioned. 



The first school house erected in Tuscola 
was a one-stt)ry frame, which cost five hundred 
dollars, and was built in 1838. .Vniono^st the 
first school teachers, if nut the first, was Ira J. 
Haistead. This was succeeded by a \ery sub- 
stantial two-story brick schoolhouse at a cost 
of six thousand dollars, erected on the site of 
the present imposing seminary, which is block 
Xo. _v, in Kell\'s adtliticin to Tuscola. This was 
a plain Irick building, erected under contract 
by John X. Mdler. He owned and occupicl 
tiie old one-story after the new one 
was built. He was a queer old fellow, honest 
and reliable, but a little sour, and he always 
"wanted to know, you know," what we thought 
of a preaclier who would "call a man a liar?" 
and we could only answer, that it depended on 
\\lK'llier ijie ])reacher tnld tlic truth or not. 
The materials for this two-story seminary 
were purchased by the contractor when the 
present fine building was erected on the same 
site. The contractor antl Iniilder of the new 
and last building was L. Johnson; he married 
here a daughter of Ross, a carpenter and build- 
er. Johnson was a man of notable integrity 
and honor in his contracts, and 1)uilt and fin- 
ished the structure in the face of failure as to 

A corner stone was laid on the 26th of 
June, 1870, by the Masons and Odd Fellows, 
with the usual interesting ceremonies. The 
northeast corner stone contains the organiza- 
tion of Coles county; the partition of Douglas 
county, 1859; survey of original town of Tu.s- 
cola, 1857 ; accounts of the first dwelling ; 1857 ; 
first store. 1857: and first, second and third 
bricks built, 1863, etc.; first child born, 1857; 
burning of first hotel, and incidents; Illinois 
Central railroad; schoolhouses ; first church. 

1862: fliiur mill, 1863; new.spaper, 1858; first 
bank, iS'>3; first conrt house, i86r. The 
n.imes of the first \illage board were: L. J. 
W yetli, W, T. French. James I)a\is. F. F. 
.Xesbit. .M. \ aul. clerk; also drUe iif charter, 
first election under charter July i, 1859. J. 
H. Martin, mayor; conncil. W. Taggart, M. 
I'ugh. F. Price an<l J. Williamson. 

The school ImiMing is a substantial brick, 
of three stories and l)asement, a belfry contain- 
ing a large town clock, which is a most excel- 
lent time keeper, and has four dials, facing 
respecti\ely the four cardinal points. The 
.school building has ample accommoilations for 
about i'wc hundred pupils, is in every possible 
respect a perfect edifice, and is. as it should be, 
the pride of Tuscola. The contract \)nct was 
originally thirty-two thousand dollars, but the 
amount was subsetpiently increased, so that the 
entire cost, when completed, became about 
forty thousand dollars. The building is heated 
by an excellent system of basement furnaces, 
;nid the board em])loy an efticient janitor at a 
fixed salary. The original lot. Block 3, in 
Kelly's addition, contained about one acre of 
land : to this has been added, in the last few 
years, a strip sixty feet in width on the east 
side, which is Indiana street extended. The 
board also bought the block next north, block 
4, same addition, and was presented by the 
city with that part of Wilson street extended 
which lies between said blocks 3 and 4. which 
also loaned them fifty feet of a street north of 
block 4. 

The first bank was instituted by Wyeth, 
Cannon & Co.. and was in a frame building, 
which stood at the west end of the present 
0])era block. This bank was afterward, in 
1865, merged into the First National Bank of 



Tuscola. Tlie firm also liad for a wliile hank- 
ing interests in .\rcola. In 1870, Mr. Wyeth 
was merchandising here among the first as a 
member of the firm of Wyeth, Craddock & Co.. 
occupying the two-story frame directly east of 
the drug store, now at the southeast corner of 
Sale and Parke streets. The building was ro- 
iiioved to the north side of the a\enue to .> 
point east of Opera block, and burnt in the 
great fire of 1873. The first cashier of the 
bank was \V. P. Cannon, who married a 
daughter of William Warmsley an old resi- 

Whilst the Commercial Block and bank 
were burning, W. P. Cannon contracted with 
Coleman Bright for the second story of his 
brick building on the south side of the avenue, 
and removed to that location. The bank had 
a capital of $113,000. and a surplus of $25.- 
000. Mr. H. T. Carraway, president; W. H. 
Lamb, cashier; A. W. Wallace, teller and 
bookkeeper at that time. The Douglas county 
bank was established September, 1870, \\ . H. 
Lamb, cashier, on Sale street; and another on 
the a\enue by Champaign parties ; both, how- 
ever, were merged into other banks. The pres- 
ent banks are : The Fist National Bank. A. W. 
Wallace, president, and F. W. Hammett. cash- 
ier. This is one of the best, most substantiai 
and up-to-date banking houses in the state. 
Baughman, Bragg & Co. is the other banking 

The opera house of Tuscola, owned by the 
Harry Madison estate, is a very creditable af- 
fair. It has a seating capacity of about seven 
hundred and a very well sceneried stage, with 
mirrors on either side, and is very ornate. 

Churches. — The Methodist, a brick church, 
was finished in i860, and is situated on Block 

No. 5, in Kelly's addition, at the southeast 
corner of Sale street and Niles a\-enue. It 
was built through the exertions of Mr. Thomas 
Woody, A. G. Wallace, O. C. Hackett and 
others. It was a neat gothic brick about forty 
feet by one hundred, with a graceful spire one 
hundred and ten feet high, and a belfry with a 
standard bell-metal bell of a weight of six 
hundred pounds. It alwavs commanded 
the largest congregations, and the)-, being of 
the superior class of citizens as to intelligence 
and standing, have always been able to com- 
mand the best average talent of the conference. 
In 1895 the Methodists erected their present 
church edifice which is the finest church build- 
ing in the county. 

The Presbyterian church, situated on lots 
I and 2, block 32, in the original town, south- 
west corner of Wilson and Main streets. A 
Mr. Carnes was the builder. The leaders in 
the church were Mr. William H. Lamb, 
Judge Ammen, John J. Jones and others, with 
their families. This church is second only to 
the Methodist in point of numbers. The first 
pastor was George D. Miller, who came to 
Tuscola in August, i860, and was in charge 
up to 1864, when he resigned from ill health. 

The Baptist church is the largest in the city 
with regard to seating capacity; in actual mem- 
bership it is the smallest. It was erected in 
1865. mainly throught the exertions and ex- 
ample of Elijah McCarty and Dr. I. N. Ryner- 
son. Dr. Rynerson was a leading farmer in 
the northeast corner of Areola township. He 
was highly educated and one of the best stump 
speakers of his day, and was also a former 
practicing physician; he died in April. 1873. 

This church is a substantial brick building 
about forty by eighty feet, and when built had 



a very large brick tower alimit ninety feet liigb. 
which liad, tlinnigli the mistake of the hnildcr. 
l)cen run up nearly square: il was liea\y and 
ungainly, anil topped <itl witli tnur corner 
spires or ornaments painted white. This was 
the most conspicuous object in the city, and was 
the landmark in the country for miles around. 
The intention had been to make a much lighter 
tower. Ton miu'li weight was ])Ul upun it l^r 
its foundation, and it began to show cracks in 
the masonry and settled. It was then rumored 
luisafe, ])eople getting the idea it would fall 
of its own weight. and some axnidcd the church. 
It was then fnrmally examined 1)\' exjiert ])uild- 
ers, and being pronounced good confidence 
was somewhat restored. Nevertheless, the 
tower was finally taken drnvn even with the 
roof. The congregation being (piite small, 
regular pastors have not always been in charge, 
though this church has commanded some of 
the best talent the church afforded. The build- 
ing is situated at the mirtheast corner of Daggy 
and Court streets. 

The Christian church is situated on the 
north side of Houghton street, east of Court 
street, lot 13, block 40, original town, is a 
good frame building, the second story being 
the auditorium, with first story reserved for 
Sunday school and bajjtistry. It was erected 
in 1868, mainly through the exertions of Mr. 
John Chandler, the first county clerk. The 
l)resent Christian church of Tuscola is a fine 
brick structure and is next to the Methodist 
church in cost. 

The Roman Catholic church of the I'orty 
MartjTS is a frame building situated on the 
southeast corner f)f \'an .Allen and Center 
streets. It was erected in the summer of 1882, 
at a cost of $1,000. 

The Episcopal church was erected on the 
northwest corner of Center and Houghton 
lloughton streets in 1882; was consecrated in 
July ol that _\car. by Right Rexerend Seymour, 
Bishop of Springfield, assisted liy several cler- 
gymen from the surrounding cities. The 
church was built through the exertions of the 
Rc\ . Ml". Peck, then in charge of the mission, 
.ind is known as St. Ste])hen"s. Regular ser- 
vices were held for about one year, but the 
removal of families most interested has so re- 
duced numbers that the services are rare. 

The I'rce Methodists also have a church 
Inulding. (See sketch of Daxid Coojjer.) 

Siindiiy Schools. — The first Sunday school 
in Tuscola was instituted l)y Mrs. Archibald 
\'an Deren and others at the old Tuscola 
House, the erstwhile hotel. The first Sunday 
school was convened on the second Sabbath of 
September, in the year 1859. It was started 
at the instance of Mrs. \'an Deren, her coad- 
jutors, among others, being Thomas Woody 
and his excellent daughters, Mesdames Tr)wn- 
sell and Lindsay, who were the first scholars, 
and who have passed away. Dr. J. L. Reat, 
with us. Dr. Samuel Daggy and Mrs. Van 
Deren are the only sur\ivors. Dr. Reat is 
mentioned elsewhere. Dr. Daggy, a prom- 
inent Presbyterian, was an acknowledged lead- 
er in religion and indeed in all other mat- 
ters bearing u]>on the general elevation of 
])ublic sentiment from the beginning of Tus- 
cola. After a twent\' years' useful residence 
here. he. with his family, moved to Philadel- 
])hia, where he is engaged in real estate busi- 

Here it may not be out of place to record 
that the various churches of Tuscola have been 
remarkable for a cordial co-operation in relig- 



ions matters, joint meetings and excliange 
oi pulpits lieing- the fre(|uent leading features 
that go far toward clipping the wings of those 
smart fellows, who, claiming the difference of 
creed as a sufficient excuse, would fly to glory 
unincumiiered l)y a church. 

The Press. — Our first newspaper was the 
Tuscola Press. It was started in 1859. It 
was short lived, and the proprietor left between 
two days. M. \'aul ci inducted it a year or 
two, but it was not a success. Mr. Vaul was 
the first city clerk. The Sellers boys instituted 
the Douglas County Shield, from 1865 to 1867. 
A little fellow named Gregory established the 
Union, which was not a success. The news- 
paper business did nut seem to be solid until 
the present Journal and Douglas County Re- 
view were established. The Journal was first 
instituted by Siler & Lindsay in 1864. They 
were succeeded b_\' Williams in 1876, with 
Harry Johnson as paragraphist and general 
outside manager, and by (leorge Glassco in 
January, 1881. Afterward by "Tom" Wil- 
liams and a ]\Ir. Glassco. It is now owned and 
conducted by A. C. Sluss, the present post- 
master of Tuscola. (See sketch.) 

Williams was an old Tuscola boy w Ikj mas- 
tered the printing liusiness and became a 
"jour," working in various places, and when 
in Connecticut met and marrieil a lady printer. 
He returned to Tuscola in 1876, and in con- 
nection with Capt. Parks, of the Review, did 
the typographical work of the centennial his- 
tory of Douglas county, the only printed book 
ever issued in the county. Tom died suddenly 
while in the prime of his usefulness and man- 
hood, at about thirtv vears of age, on the 29th 
day of July, 1881. He was a man of wit and 
humor; was for a time the assistant of "Mar- 

tin," the assistant engineer of Danville, Tus- 
cola & ^Veste^n railroad, and while a little 
"captious" in the view of the younger boys on 
the work, merited and received on the whole 
the best respect of his associates. 

The Douglas County Review was instituted 
in 1875 by Converse & Parks, and was Dem- 
ocratic. It was first issued in the two-storj- 
wooden building which now stands directly 
east of the J. M. Smith building, on the south 
side of Central avenue. The Review passed 
into the hands of Maj. Asa Miller in December, 
1877. (See sketch of Charles W. Wilson, the 
present proprietor of the Review.) 

The Tuscola Republican, now owned and 
edited by Fred L. Reat, is rapidly coming to 
the front as a newsy, clean and w'ell printed 
pajicr. It has a paid circulation of about one 

Centennial History. — The Congress of the 
United States, March 13. 1876, passed a res- 
olution recommending that the people of the 
several states assemble in their se\'era! towns 
on the "centennial anni\-ersary" nf our national 
independence, and have read a historical sketch 
of said county or town from its formation, 
and that a copy of .said sketch be filed in l!i'? 
office of the Librarian of Congress, as well as 
in the clerk's office of said county. 

April 25, 1876, this is followed by the proc- 
lamation of John L. Beveridge, the governor of 
the state of Illinois, to the same effect, urging 
a general obser\ance of the recommendation. 

In May, 1876, at a special term of the board 
of supervisors, not, however, specially held 
for the purpose, the following resolution was 
adopted, which had been offered by the super- 
visor from Garrett, Mr. W'illiam Howe : 

Resolved, That Henry C. Niles be employ- 



ed to prepare a statistical and l>iographical 
liistory of Doiitjlas county, from its origin to 
tlie present time, and to have the same ready 
by the 4th of July next, provided the said work 
shall not cost to exceed one Iiundred dollars. 

This work was prepared in manuscrijjt, 
read to tiie board of supervisors and approved ; 
an attempt tf) have it printed at the e.xpense 
of tiie county failed, and the author, assisted 
by 1). (). Rout, tiic then county clerk, had it 
printed in pamphlet form, to sa\c the matter. 
being eighty ])ages octavo, in paper covers. 
This history contained, in a perhaps too much 
condensed style, a history of the main facts 
pertaining to the county, with separate histories 
of townships, and was not much elaborated, the 
"fixed price" forbidding a thorough detail of 
the points touched u])on. It was dedicated 
"To the young men of Douglas county. 

"In the hope that they may be reminded of 
the responsibility they are about to assume in 
taking charge of the destinies of little DouG- 
L.\s, may they emulate the nolilest deeds of 
their fathers, .so that the blessings which they 
secured may descend upon them to posterity. 
In opening out the resources of the country, 
conxerting the rude land into cultivated fields, 
building cities where none existed before, and 
making possible the civilizing influences of 
churches, schools and railroads, their fathers 
have borne the brunt of the battle, and are now 
i^esigning into their hands the result of their 
labors, for they are passing away. " 

This pamphlet was printed at the printing 
office of the Illinois Industrial L^niversity. at 
Urbana. The contract was taken by Converse 
& Parks, editors of the Review of Tuscola, 
and the "setting up" done by J. T. Williams, 
afterward proprietor of the Tuscola Journal. 

Mr. Williams took great ])ride in the matter, 
and produced a specimen of i)rinting not sur- 
[lassed bj- any pam])hlet work extant. .\ copy 
of the work was duly forwarded to the Illinois 
state librarian, the congressional library, at 
Washington, the Historical Society of Chicago, 
and to various other points, either voluntarily, 
or on demand, and kindly acknowledgments 
were recei\ed in each case, and in some cases 
a return was i)romptl\- made of similar works. 

I'hologniphy. — I'lioiography in its advanc- 
ed artistic excellence was first instituted here 
by W. Boyce, who is succeeded l)y- his son 
David X. Having devoted his entire business 
time to the perfection of his work, making a 
study of all the latest improvements, he shows 
work which is not surpassed by that of the 
artists in the larger cities. D. X. Boyce is not 
only a first class artist but he is a gentleman 
in nature and instinct. 

Illinois Light, Water, Heat and Power 
Company, recently established in Tuscola, is 
supplied w ith the very latest type of machinery 
and renders efficient service. The water 
power plant operated in connection is so com- 
plete, perfect and systematically arranged that 
the most energetic critic has failed to criticise. 

Tuscola Society. — The moral and intellect- 
ual standard of the city is far above the aver- 
age, with plenty of room for improvement. In 
main the citizens are a peaceable, law abiding 
and God fearing people. They ha\e good 
churches, good schools and are lovers of good 
books. Selfishness and bigotry in many in- 
stances are disguised here as true religion, as it 
is elsewhere throughout the world, and one of 
the most loved and commendable character- 
istic of the human heart, love one another, is 
is asleep in the beautiful little city of Tuscola. 



Its retired farmer contingency of its popula- 
tion is wonderfully tired, unprogressi\e and 
in many instances is positive and painful hin- 
drance to its future development. Where a 
citizen with money refuses to assist in needed 
impr(ivements of tlie town, to assist in caring 
for the worthy pocjr and needy under his nose, 
he is not only lacking in his religion, taught 
1)}- tlie lowly Nazarene, hut he is lacking in his 
good citizenship. Tuscola has nothing worse 
to fear than to allow the management of its 
public administration to fall into the hands of 
the unprogressive, the dollar worshipers and 
the stingy. There are some so called worship- 
ers of Christ and leading church memhers in 
Tuscola who should heed more the teachings 
of the Master and permit the dead, against 
whom they might have had a personal grievance 
without cause, to Rest, Rest, Rest III 


The Name. — Before Douglas county had 
an existence, the city of Areola, from which 
the township derives its name, was called by 
the railroad company "Okaw," after the river 
of that name, which traverses the west part 
of the county. "Okaw" was a local name 
only, the true name of the river being Kas- 
kaskia, from the French, and it has been claimed 
by knowing ones that the word "Okaw" is a 
corruption of Kaskaskia, which, in the ver- 
nacular, was "Kawkaw"( Indian : Crow River?) 
hence, by an easy transition, "Okaw." Col. 
John Cofer, who had represented the county of 
Coles in the state Legislature, was postmaster 
to accommodate the neighborhood at Rural 
Retreat (in the southeast quarter of section 10, 
township 1 4 north, range g east, since abolished). 

from 1854 to 185S, and upon him, as being 
the nearest postmaser, devolved the duty of cer- 
tifying the necessity of a new posloffice at 
Okaw, which had been petitioned for by Judge 
and Dr. Henrv, John Blackwell and others. In 
due course. Col. Cofer sent the papers to Wash- 
ington, and they were returned, as is usual in 
such cases, with the information that there was 
already in the state of Illinois a postoffice with 
the same name as the one proposed. This made 
it necessary that a new name should be selected 
before the office could, under the law, b.e estab- 
lished. Mr. E. Hewitt, the first Illinois Cen- 
tral railroad agent at this point, after cudgel- 
ing his brains to no effect, observing a knot of 
citizens near, came out of his office at the 
depot, and in the presence of Judge James 
Ewing and others asked for suggestions, where- 
upon James Kearney said "Areola." The 
name took instantly, and was adopted. It 
appears to have been selected from its euphony 
rather than from any allusion or reference to 
a historical reminiscence, though one of Napo- 
leon's greatest battles was fought ami gained 
over the Austrians in Italy at a place by that 
name. Both of the names terminating alike 
is food for rumination, but all attempts to con- 
nect the two as some relation have failed. John 
Blackwell was here prominent in all that per- 
tains to good citizenship, and had much to do 
with the management of affairs. His resi- 
dence dated from 1857. He was the first mag- 
istrate of Areola. He died in January, 1869. 
John Blackwell was a grandson of Col. Jacob 
Blackwell of the Revolution. The Colonel was 
the owner of Blackwell's Island and nearly 
all the eastern end of Long Island adjacent to 
New York, from Astoria to Brooklyn. This 
tract includes Astoria, Ravensw-ood, Long Is- 



land City, Green Point and Williamsburg. He 
resided in the old mansion on Webster avenue, 
where he entertained (ien. Washington and in 
the grounds attached thereto repose llio Imncs 
of the Coliinel and his wife. Col. lil.'K'kwell 
was prominently identilicd w'nh the Revolu- 
tionary party, and was .i nienil)cr nf the Con- 
tinental Congress. His ddnr. branded with 
the letter "R" ( rebel ) because of his opposi- 
tion til the llritish trown. is still ke])t as a 
heirloom by s<Mne of his descendants. 

Areola Precinct. — .\t the time of the for- 
mation of Douglas county, February, 1859, 
that ])ortion of its area now known as 
Areola township was called .\rcola precinct. 
It was bounded on the north by Tuscola town- 
ship, but now e.xtends one mile further north. 
It contained a tier of six sections on the east, 
which are now included in Bowdre, and it also 
included eighteen sections of land, all of town- 
ship 14 north, range 7 east, which were, on 
regular township organization in 1868, handed 
over to Bourbon. 

This was an election precinct, and con- 
tained an area gf about seventy-one, which was, 
in 1868, cut down to fifty-three and eight- 
tenths S(|uare luiles. being exactly, according 
to the government survey, 34,643.26 acres. 

Townshii) organization was voted for in 
1867, and the apportionment made in 1868, 
Dr Lucius McAllister being one of the commis- 
sioners a])])ciinted by the cminty Ixiard to make 
the partition. Calvin Jones was associate 
county judge. The township 15 north, of range 
8 east, the congressional township laying be- 
tween .\rcola and Tuscola, was surveyed in 
1821. 'J'he Sdiuh line was established by 
John Messinger. deputy surveyor, and finished 
April 5 of that year. The subdividing of the 

t'nvnship into sections was finished by A. 
McK. I laiutranck, a deputy, June 9. 182:. 
The surveying was done nine vears before the 
lirsl settler struck the cmintN'. In tliis con- 
uecti'in it m;iy be s.ud that no Douglas convitv 
surveyor has ever discovered in the interior I'f 
ills township .'i single original g()\ernme\it 
corner out of the se\enty-eight which the gov- 
ernment surNcyor ceitilics he made, and per- 
petuated with mounds and stakes. Local sur- 
veying was done here first in 1850. 

Land Entries. — The first of land within 
the iircsent bounds of this township was made 
December 24, 1832, by James Sh.iw. He 
entered several tracts at about the same time 
in Bourbon township, and subsequently other 
lands. His descendants are yet citizens of 
Bourbon, and one of his sons. W. X. Shaw, 
represented Bourbon as a supervisor for about 
six years consecutively, and died in 1882, while 
in office. Land was also entered in 1853 by 
the Geres and Maiden Jones and O. B. Fick- 

Many large fanns on the prairie were 
started by men who, coming from a hilly or 
timbered location, seeing the beautiful rolling 
))rairies for the first tiiue. ready for the pi iw 
without stump or stone to hinder, co\-eted the 
whole expanse, as far as the eye could reach, 
and nearly every one purchased too nuich for 
his capital. Smaller farms mean more ])eople, 
more real workers and more real owners. 
Time and again railroad lands were taken up 
by the whole section, a house and soiue fenc- 
ing built, but. after a few years' experience, 
the load proved too hea\y. and the land was 
permitted to go back, or perhaps a small |)or- 
tion was paid for, and retained. 

The Railroads. — The township is traversed 



l)y the Chicago brancli of the Ilhnois Central 
railroad, running about north and south, leav- 
ing two-thirds of the area to the east side of 
the road. 

Areola township is also traversed from east 
to west by the Illinois Midland railway, now the 
Vandalia. This road was originally an enter- 
prise of prominent citizens of the city and 
vicinity, and was first called the Paris & De- 
catur; upon the extension of the road to Terre 
Haute, the name of that city was prefixed, and 
finally it received its present name. The first 
train passed over this road October 25, 1872. 

Areola and other township bonds were is- 
sued by a vote of the people, amounting in the 
aggregate to $165,000, the amount voted by 
this township being $100,000. These bonds 
were disposed of by the company, and finally 
found their wa\' into the hands of innocent par- 
ties as an investment. The legality of the pro- 
cedure was made a question, both as to calling 
the election and voting the bonds, all of which 
were finally decided adversely; consequently 
the bonds have not l)een jiaiil by the township, 
though the railroad reaped the benefit of them. 

The road enters the township at the north- 
west corner of section 6, township 14 north. 
range 8 east, runs in a southeasterly direction 
to the city of Areola, thence east along the mid 
line of the north tier of sections, and leaves ihe 
township at about the northeast corner of sec- 
tion 5, township 14 north, range 9 east, occu- 
pying a length of about eight miles. The pro- 
posed donation of the township bonds to the 
railroad was in consequence of a petition which 
suggested that they should draw ten ])er cent 
interest, payable semi-annually, the bonds not 
to be delivered until one mile of track had been 
graded and ironed in the township, and to be 

delivered in no greater amount per mile than 
six thousand dollars, through the county as far 
as it was practicable, to influence the other 
townships through which the road should pass, 
to similar action, the petitioners suggested 
that a meeting be held for the purpose on June 
24, 1869. At this time D. Hitchcock was the 
supervisor and Thomas Todd, clerk. The 
petition was signed by C. E. Bosworth, I. G. 
Bowman, J. W. Douglas, J. B. A\'ard, H. D. 
Jenkins, J. R. Smitli, John Ray, James Mat- 
ters, B. H. Burton, P. M. Monahan, J. W. 
Louthan, James Beggs and L. C. Rust. The 
election was held accordingly, and resulted for 
subscription 324 votes, against it one vote. On 
.August 16, 1870, John Ray was authorized to 
procure the blank bonds; they were made to 
bear ten per cent interest from May i, 1871, 
payable at the Security Bank in New York. 
Joiin J. Henry was appointed to act as trustee 
to recei\e, hold and pay out the bonds, and the 
signing of them was ratified by the town aud- 
itors on the 3d of .April, 1871. 

This road was projected and put through by 
three or four residents of Areola City, who, 
prior to the beginning of the enterprise, were 
pursuing the even tenor of their way as 
(luiet and g(jod citizens, not remarkable aliove 
their fellows for any more financial ability 
than the average. They Iniilt the road and 
controlled the franchises until it was consol- 


Areola City occupies all of section 
4, west half of southwest quarter of 
section 3, and the north half of the north- 
east quarter of section 9, all in township No. 

I lO 


14. north of range 8. east of the third princi- 
pal meridian. '"Okaw." tlie original town, was 
laid ofT by the Illinois Central Railroad Com- 
])an\\ wpt'U its own lands in section .\o. 4, and 
occupied a tract of land lying on the west side 
of the southeast quarter of the section, about 
one-half mile long by about one-quarter mile 
wide, on either side of the railn)ad track; it 
was surveyed Iw John Meadows, Coles county 
surveyor, October 22, 1855, so that Areola 
antedates the county by about four years. The 
plat and survey were indorsed by J. N. A. Gris- 
wold. president of the company, and they 
reserved a strip of land one hundred feet wide 
on either side of the centre line of the track. 
North and south, across the whole of said plat, 
they also reserved the right to lay side tracks 
on both Chestnut and Oak streets, outside tht 
two hundred f(jot limit, and for warehouses, 
and it was specially stated, that "no right of 
crossing that part marked as reserve for Illi- 
nois Central railroad, at any ]xjint between 
Second South and Second North streets is 
granted to the public." 

'i'he tirsl town was laid off ])arallel witli 
anil at right angles to the r.ailroad track, and 
consists of twenty blocks, the lots next to the 
railroail ha\ing a front of forty feet, the back 
lots being eighty; they all have a uniform 
tleptb of one hundred and sixty feet; the east 
and west streets are of ;i width of sc\enty feet ; 
those running parallel with the railroad alter- 
nate with widths of seveiUy and forty feet. 

McCdint's first addilimt. — In .\pril, 1858, 
John McCann made the lirst addition, con- 
sisting of varied sizes of lots and blocks. It 
was surveyed by Ste])hen B. Moore, of Coles 
county. Mr. Moore surveyed 

Ilfiirv's tnUlitiuii. — This addition was made 

by Dr. F. B. Henry, August 2, 1858. It con- 
sists of ten blocks of fifty feet front, lieing 
one hundred and sixty feet deep. Dr. 1 Icnry 
caused the streets t() be contimied as lirst 
])lanncd by the railroad. 

Chandler & Bales' additions. — In Julv, 
1X64, Messrs. John Chandler and Caleb liales 
laid out their addition on the south, and fol- 
lowed in June, 1865. with the second addition, 
all surveyed l)y K. C. Siler. These two ad- 
ditions occupy the ncjrth half of the northeast 
quarter of section 9, township 14 north, range 
8 east, eighty acres. 

McCann's second addition was made in 
July, 1877. 

Sheldon & Jaeque's addition, being the 
west half of the southwest quarter of section 
3. township 14, range 8, was siu'veyed by 
Is.sachar Davis, August 6, 1868. 

Council proceedings. — The first city coun- 
cil or board of trustees was convened in May, 
1858; Mahlon Earnhardt was the ])resiilent. 
The city clerk was 1. S. Taylor. W. T. Sylves- 
ter and John J. Henry were of the board. City 
records ])rior to 1872 do not seem to be avail- 
able. June 3, 187 J, a meeting was held. Mayor 
D. Tibbott, presiding, and the comicil con- 
sisted of James Matters, P. D. Ray, Byron 
Willis and J. M. Righter. George Klink was 

October. 1872, ;i minute a])])ears which re- 
cites that "no huckster be allowed to sell pro- 
duce t'or less that one dollar or more than i\\e 
dollars." (ieorge Klink, Democrat, was elected 
mayor in .\pril, 1S73, and re-elected .April 17. 
1S77. In 1873 the first council consisted of 
James Jones, J. II. Magner, James E. Morris 
and H. M. McCrory. W. J. Calhoun was city 



Incorporation. — A petition for incorpora- 
tion was circulated in June, 1873, signed by 
one lumdred and twenty citizens. The election 
was held June 16, same year, and resulted for 
incorporation under the general law, two hun- 
dred and forty-four votes; contra, eleven; total, 
two hundred and sixty-five, and August 6, 
1873, the city was incorporated under the gen- 
eral law for incorporating cities and villages, 
which was in force July i, 1872. W. H. Spen- 
cer, at or about this time, was made citv at- 
torney, the salary being fixed at three hundred 
and seventy-five dollars per annum. Mr. Spen- 
cer was a member of the Douglas county bar, 
and later removed to Terre Haute. The city 
clerk's wage was one hundred and fifty dollars a 
year. Mr. Spencer was authorized to proceed to 
Springfield to endeavor to procure an amend- 
ment to the general incorporation law with ref- 
erence to minority representation. 

The press. — The Areola Record, the first 
newspaper to a])pear in the city, was inaugu- 
rated under the auspices of the Sellars Brothers 
of Tuscola in 1866 — the enterprise having been 
instituted by the subscription of liberal- 
minded citizens, without regard to political 
affinities; it was an in<lependent paper until 
the plant was bought l)y John M. Gruelle, which 
occurred soon after it was fairly started. For 
about seventeen years Mr. Gruelle conducted 
it as an ad\ocate of Republican principles, dur- 
ing which time, by close attention to the busi- 
ness interests of the office, and a due regard 
for those of his adopted county and city, he 
merited and received a fair share of success. 
.He died in .Areola on the 2y\ of October, 1883, 
in the prime of life, after nearly a year's ill- 
ness. The paper is continued under the man- 
agement of Collins & Son. 

The Herald and Arolian are the other two 
papers of the city. 

Early business enterprises. — The first house 
])ut up in the city was the Illinois Central sta- 
tion and depot, in the upper part of which E. 
Hewitt, the first railroad agent, had his resi- 
dence and the post office; a very short dis- 
tance northwest Barney Cunningham erected 
the first dwelling. Mr. Cunningham was the 
father of Frank Cunningham, who became 
sheriff of the county in 1872, removing to 
Tuscola, where he died. The freight house 
was burned in the great fire of 1881. 

John Weber, a little, keen, wiry German, 
kept store here in 1857. first situated in a little 
shanty south of the southwest corner of First 
South street and Chestnut street, and after- 
ward at the corner at Ewald's present loca- 
tion. This corner was twice burned, as a hotel 
first, and again in the great fire of 1881. 

The first dry goods store was instituted by 
F. B. & J. J. Henry, and was afterward under 
the name of the latter. The building was lo- 
cated on the south side of First South street, 
east of the railroad, and was destroyed in the 
tornado of 1858. Mr. J. J. Henry was as- 
sociate justice of the cuuntv in 1865. He died 
March 11, 1865, and was the father of Joseph 
P. Henry. 

The drug business was started l)y W. T. 
Sylvester and Joseph P. Henry, the latter suc- 
ceeding to the Inisiness at the southeast corner 
of First South and Oak streets, where he had 
maintained a profitable trade since 1858. His 
close attention to the requirements of the case 
and his popularity resulted eventualh- in amijle 
means. Mr. Henry died July 19, 1883, in the 
[>rime of his life and usefulness. 

The drug store of W. P. Boyd was estab- 



lished in 1867. By the way. tlie first officially 
rtcorcled survey made in Douglas county was 
for liis father. Mr. \\ . 1'. i'.Mvd, It was May 
^1, 1859 — west half nf scctinn 5. townsiiip 
14, range 8. half-mile west of city limits. W'ih 
son B. Boyd came to Douglas in 1859, and re- 
sided here until the time of his death, March 
10, 1867. 

The first banking house was instituted in 
March. 1868, by Messrs. Beggs & Clark, which 
bank, December <), 1875, became merged into 
the First Xatiun.-d Bank of Areola: ad inlcriin 
W'veth. Cannon \- Co.. of Tuscola, bought the 
business, and in August, 1870, Mr. Wickes, 
their Tuscola bookkeeper, removed to Areola, 
taking charge of their interests until they were 
relin(|uislK'd. 'i'lic bank had a capital of fifty 
thousantl dollars. James Beggs. president; G. 
L. Wickes. cashier. 

The jirescnt banks arc the First National 
B;ink and tiie St;ite liank. 

.\t the first bank of W'yeth, Cannon & Co.. 
at Tuscola, a Pennsyl\ani;i Dutchman bought a 
draft for sixty-nine dollars from Cannon, and 
taking it home pasted it in with his receipts, 
and sat down at the sto\c with llic happy con- 
sciousness of having done his whole duty. In 
the course of time he was further pressed by 
his creditor for a .settlement, and jjitcbed into 
the bank for keeping his money. 

'//;<' chiinlh's. — The Presbyterians built the 
first church in the cit\- in iXrjo, the lirst pastor 
being Jos. .\llison. 

The Christirm church was institutdl July 
10, 1863: the fust trustees being W. T. .Syh es- 
ter, Joseph Walling, J. M. Lessinger, J. M. 
Ilollandsworth. John Woodall, L. McAllister, 
who were elcctc<l for five years. The churcii 
bought lots 1 and j, Ijlock 7, of liem'y's addi- 

tion to Okaw, October 13, 1864. and built the 
church the same year. 

St. John's Roman Catholic chm-ch w;is built 
on lot 8. block 7. Henry's addition, in 1874. 
the deed for the lot being dated January 13, 
1871. and tirst made to the Archbishop of St. 
Louis, by him to Bishop Alton, and then to 
St. John's Roman Catholic churcli. The mem- 
bers of this church, though not generally oi the 
wealthier classes, show a devotion to their les- 
sons and modes well worthy of imitation. 

The Methodist church ;iC(|uired lot 4. block 
16. in original town, April 13, 18O4. The 
church was built in 1865. This denomination 
in Areola was a little late in building. The 
Methodists generally build ;ihout the time the 
proposed city is laid out. riiey ;ue now' con- 
structing a fine brick edifice at a cost of se\eral 
thousand dollars. 

The Ba])tists ha\e also a church building, 
erected about 18^14. 

The Lutherans have ;ilso a church bmlding. 

The Episcopalians. .\t a cost of aliont one 
thousand dollars an Episcopal church was 
erected on lots i, 2, 3 and 4. on the northeast 
corner of lilock 3, in the town. Rev. 
Wells was the first pastor. Among who 
are supporters of the church, through natural 
aftinity and education, .are the descendants of 
John Blackwell and the f.amilies of J. R. .Smith, 
L. C. Rust, J. C. Justice, X'ellum and others. 
The society has ttnly been able to secure occa- 
sional services. 

Tlir f^(i.\ini(isfrrs. — Iv Hewitt, the r.ailroad 
agent, w;is the first ])ostmaster ( 1858), .and the 
office was in the first freight house, where he 
lived with his family. He afterward remcned 
to Tuscola, and was agent there for many years. 
Once upon ;i time a jjetition w:is circulated in 



Tuscola for his removal, but it failed to get 
a respectable uuniber of signers; the objection 
was iiis manner. 

Galtoii ami Filsoii stations. — Galton is a 
point on the Illinois Central Railroad, three 
and a half miles north of the railroad crossing 
in Areola, and is situated in the southeast cor- 
ner of section 16, township 15 north, range 8 
east. It had been known as the Bourbon 
switch, or Tie switch, and was originally lo- 
cated as a point for the reception of cross ties 
during the construction of the road. It was 
made a flag station in 1882. Mr. J. P. Wool- 
ford is the only merchant and grain buyer here 
(see sketch). 

Filson is a station and postoffice situated 
in the northwest part of section 5, township 14, 
range 9 east, on the line of the Illinois Mid- 
land Railway. It has a side track, and is a 
receiving point for considerable agricultural 


Newman township is nearly all prairie. 
The country rises toward the north and forms 
a narrow rise of land generally known as the 
"Ridge." Being all prairie, this township was 
one of the latest settled, the first comers seem- 
ing to prefer the timbered portions as a pro- 
tection from the bleak winds and also as a 
means of procuring fuel, building material and 
fencing. Newman township occupies the north- 
east portion of Douglas county. In 1882 Mur- 
dock township was created out of Newman and 
Camargo townships. 

Forty years ago Newman township was 
one vast unbroken level and it was not supposed 
at that time that it could ever be settled. Ex- 

cepting after a rain, a drink of water could not 
be had between the Embarrass and the Little 
Vermillion rivers, for upon these boundless 
prairies no habitation was seen. Yet a few 
brave and far seeing pioneers ventured to es- 
tablish homes here, realizing there was a for- 
tune in the black and loamy soil when they 
could once get it into proper condition. Some 
of the land was very low and wet, but they 
persevered and cut open ditches first, until in 
course of time a steam dredge was employed 
which was capable of excavating a ditch ten 
feet deep and from any width to forty. This 
afforded an excellent outlet to the lateral tile 
ditches which the farmers soon had constructed 
through the low and wet places on their lands, 
anil these farms are among those least affected 
by drouth. The result of such draining has 
l)een to increase the value of land to such an 
extent that rents within the past five years 
have increased from three dollars up to as high 
as seven dollars per acre. What is now the 
I., D. & W. R. R. was completed through the 
township in 1872, the first train and engine 
passing through here July 9, 1873. To this 
road the township gave twelve thousand dol- 
lars. Before this was completed the people, 
especially in the northern ])art of the township, 
hauled their grain to Homer, in Champaign 
county, taking one entire day for the trip. 
There being no public highways across the 
prairies, no bridges were constructed and there 
were numerous sloughs to be avoided, causing 
an extra amount of travel. With a light load 
the sloughs could .safely be crossed. With the 
settling up of the country, farms were fenced 
off, roads laid out, sloughs and streams bridged 
anil the facilities for travel greatly improved. 
The development of the United States and es- 



pecially tlie great West, can be traced directly 
to the railroad system. The equipments njidn 
the road goinjj through this township are 
probably unsurpassed in the west, and wiicn 
tlie intended connections are made, it will be 
one of tlie largest i)as.senger, freight and mail 
routes in the west. 

Newman tdwiiship contains some fine 
farms, amung which was that of C. M. fnl- 
bertson, lying northwest of Newman, of over 
two thousand acres, which is the largest con- 
tiguous l)oily of land in the eastern end of the 
county. The view from the rolling ])rairie 
known as the "Kidge" in the north part of the 
tt)wnship is more extensive than can be ob- 
tained in any tnher i)art of the county. This is 
certainly the garden spot of Illinois. Those 
who tirst came here half a century ago, hoped 
to see the desert "blossom like the rose," and 
the reality has far surpassed their wildest 
dreams. Struggling settlements have developed 
mto splendid cities and towns, and no one now 
considers he is in the far west, but right in the 
heart and center of this great nation. The west 
of the present day is away towards the setting 
sun, beyond the Rockies. 

One of the earliest settlers in the township 
was Enoch Howell, who was ont of the asso- 
ciate justices of the county at an early day. 
The Winklers and Hopkins' were also early 
settlers. Robt. HojAins was one of the first 
judges of Coles county in 1859, at the time of 
the separation of Douglas and Coles counties. 
He and his brothers, "Uncle Jimmy" and 
"Col." Hopkins, located here about 1841. Win. 
Hancock came in 1839, and in 1847 was made 
justice of the peace at Camargo. before the 
county was divitled, an office which he held for 
over thirty years. He was the first county 

treasurer and assessor in 1859. In 1867 he 
was a member of the state board for the ecpiali- 
zation of assessments, and in 1868 was elected 
for four years. In 1872 (iovernor Palmer ap- 
jjointed him notary public. He was delegate 
to the st;ite convention that nominated (iov. 
Oglesby, and was also one of the charter mem- 
bers of the Masonic lodge of this city. Isaac 
aiul |ohn .Skinner came here in ii>^Y). isa;ic 
Skinner has now three hundred and eighty 
acres of land, ha\ing had nothing when he 
attained his majority. With one exception he 
is the oldest lixing resident in the township. 
Wm. Shute came here in 1852 and engaged in 
farming, antl was also an extensive contractor 
and builder. He built the Fairfield Cumberland 
Presbyterian church, the Pleasant Ridge Meth- 
odist Episco]3al and the Cumberland Presbyter- 
ian church and school building at Fairmonnt in 
Vermilion county. He has built in all nine 
school buildings and many business blocks, 
among them the large block in this city in which 
the Newman Bank and other prosperous busi- 
ness firms are located. He was born in 1817, 
and has been a member of the Methodist church 
for forty-two years. "Uncle" ,\ndrew .Ash- 
more settled on the ])rairie south of town in 
1826, but moved in 1890 into Newman. His 
cousin. Major Sam Ashmore, settled on Brushy 
Fork in 1830, and was one of the leading 
spirits in getting the slaves of Bob Matterson 
started oft' for Liberia. Matterson, in 1840, 
brought fifteen slaves into the township from 
Kentucky. The abolitionists in the vicinity de- 
termined the "niggers" should be freed, as they 
had come into a "free" state. Two or three, 
however, returned to Kentucky with their mas- 
ter, though one old man named Wilmot re- 
mained here and was still in 1884 a resident of 



Douglas county. Quite a notable trial grew 
out of the ease, in which Abe Lincoln and O. 
B. Ficklin were opposing counsel. In 1847 ^^ 
1848 Jerry Coffey came to Brushy Fork with 
his parents. D. O. Root came in 1854 from 
Ohio, and has been prominently identitied with 
the interests of township and county ever since. 
VVm. Young, of the Ridge, was the earliest set- 
tler in that section, coming there in 1853, where 
he built the first house on these prairies. He 
died in 1869, leaving three hundred and twenty 
acres of land to his family. He gave six hun- 
dred dollars toward l)uilding the Fairfield Cum- 
berland Presbyterian church, and lived long 
enough to see it erected, antl his funeral was the 
first preached in it. His wife's two brothers, 
James and John Coolley, came with hiiu and 
also took up land. When a young man in Indi- 
ana James split many a lot of rails at fifty cents 
per hundred. With a cousin of his he one 
winter split twenty-five thousand rails. His 
first vote for president was cast for Gen. Win- 
field Scott. From 1868 to 1872 he was justice 
of the peace and has been a life long elder of 
the Fairfield church. He now owns three hun- 
dred and twenty acres of land. John Coolley 
also started with nothing but has accumulated 
a fine propert)-. Rev. Jonathan Coolley, father 
of James and John, came here late in 1854 and 
organized the Fairfield Cumberland Presby- 
terian church in 1855, continuing its pastor 
until 1 87 J, when his mantel fell upon his son. 
Rev. C. P. Coolley, now the financial agent of 
Lincoln University. Josiah Daines came from 
Pennsylvania in 1854. He built a number of 
houses in the neighborhood. His aged wife, 
who is a sister of Jas. Gillogly, still survives 
him. I. N. Covert, James Gillogly, Joseph' 
Dawson, Moses Stickles and a inimber of others 

were among the early settlers in the township. 
David Todd came to the Ridge in an early day. 
He was supervisor of the township in 1870, 
finally moving to Newman, where he engaged 
in the hardware business. His youngest son 
is now station agent on the I., D. & W. at Tus- 
cola. B. W. Hooe was supervisor of the town- 
ship from 1868 to 1873. He died in 1875. His 
wife, who was the sister of Isaac Skinner, died 
in 1892. She had been a resident of Douglas 
county since 1839. Isaac Wyckoff came about 
1858. He kept hotel in Camargo, finally mov- 
ing to the Ritlge near his son-in-law, Jas. 
Coolley. He was postmaster for many years 
of Phoeni.x post office, which was in 1891 dis- 
continued. Dr. Wm. A. Smith came to New- 
man in i860, where he was a successful physi- 
cian for o\'er a quarter of a century. He was 
a soldier in the Mexican war, and one of the 
charter members of the Newman Masonic lodge 
and its first worshipful master. Jas. Mclntyre 
came from Canada in 1864. He was born in 
1805, and died in 1892. Jonathan McCown 
came to Edgar county in 1852, Init his sons 
are residents of this township, where J. A. 
owns a fine farm, and was several years high- 
way commissioner. Wm. Heaton, who was 
born in 1815, came to the Ridge some years 
before the Civil war. Thos. Hull was born 
in New York state in 1829, coming to Newman 
about 1866. James Morrow is another old set- 
tler, whose large farm lies just east of town, 
though he resides in this city. He also belongs 
to the G. A. R. and is a Mason. 

The majority of the early settlers have 
passed to the great beyond, while a small ma- 
jority still survive, whose strong hands bore 
the heat and burden of the day, and who now, 
in the evening of their life, are resting and en- 



joying the fruits of their early toil and labors. 
Many interesting facts relating to the personal 
historv of various ])roniincnt men will he found 
in tlie hiographii'aj ik-partnicnt. 


The Newman of to-dav is not the Newman 
of twenty or thirty years ago. A person re- 
turning here even after an ahsence of ten years 
would find hut few familiar scenes left. Such 
a wave of imjjrovement has swept over the 
town, its boundaries l)ecome so extended and 
the magical wand of enter])rise so tcjucbed our 
slothful industries and laggard capital that the 
progress made through these agencies has so 
changed the tipographical appearance of the 
place that old settlers returning on a visit after 
an absencepf some years can scarcely find their 
hearings. The old home has been replaced by 
a new Newman which has far outstripped the 
old one. 

The city of Newman, consisting originally 
of about forty acres, was laid out about 1857 
by B. Newman, one of the original proprietors, 
in honor of whom it was named. Mr. Newman 
was a Son-in-law of I'eter Cartu right, the cel- 
ebrated Methodist itinerant preacher. The 
progress of the place from the beginning was 
very slow, the people waiting fifteen years for 
the railrcjad to he constructed through it. For 
very many \'ears it was hut a small village ciin- 
sisting of one church, two stores, a school 
house, Masonic hall, blacksmith shop and a 
dozen or so small dwelling houses. "Uncle" 
Jiihn Stockton, who is the oldest inhabitant of 
the city and also the township, kept the first 
grocery store and was the first white man who 
slept within the limits of the village. The first 

dry goods store was ke])t by John Dicken. 
First dwelling house was built by llezekiah 
Howard, just east of where the Commercial 
Hotel now st;nids. no vestige of which remains. 
I lis w idow , ■■( irandnia" Howard, at the time of 
her death was the oldest person in the town, 
living long enough to see the fifth generation of 
her f.nnily in the jjcrson of the little daughter 
of tiic late Judge Moftit. In iSjj what is 
now known as the T., D. & W. ivailmad, after 
nearly sixteen years of pre]jaration, was coir,- 
pleted, which runs through the city connect- 
ing Indiana]!! ilis, one hun<lred miles east, with 
Decatur, fifty nfiles west, and the first train run 
thr(!Ugh here in Octol)er. 1873. Newman im- 
mediately showed the effects of the impetus 
thus given to business circles. Briik blocks 
went uj) like homemade magic. L. J. ami S. C. 
Cash, who for many years had been the sole dry 
goods firm here, built a fine two-story brick 
store. Two grain elevators have been erected, a 
fine flowing well — the e(|ual of an\' in this i)art 
of the state — an elegant two-story brick school 
buikling with tower, in which hangs the bell, 
and a new frame building for the jjrimary de- 
partment, evidences the fact that the popula- 
tion is r:ipidl\- increasing. Two other churches 
have since been erected, a hank established, 
lumber yards, canning and electric light com- 
])any, till mills, marble works, hay ])ress, broom 
factory, llonr mills and various other industries 
li.i\e been locate<l here. A fine Odd I-'ellows 
temple has lately been built and last year an 
elegant K. of 1'. hall. The Masonic hall at the 
time it was built, 1875, was the finest in this 
I)art of the st.ate. Other orders have also com- 
fortable lodge rooms. Newman has rea.son to 
be proud of its public well, as an ever-flowing 
artesian well for the accommodation oi the pub- 



lie is to be found at the corner of the public 

Newman is beautifully adorned by a lovely 

The first school house, an ordinary building 
erected in 1858 at a cost of about five hundred 
dollars, stood in the center of the park. The 
upper story was used as a Masonic hall until, 
in 1875, when they moved to their new hall in 
the brick block over Finney & Goldman's store. 
The old school building was then removed and 
the park set out in shade trees, the pagoda 
erected and seats constructed beneath the trees 
for the accommodation of the pul)lic. 

In 1874 C. V. Walls established the New- 
man Independent. It has changed hands oc- 
casionally, but has come to be, in the hands 
the present editor, the best local newspaper and 
the first all-home print established in the coun- 
ty, and Newman owes much of her prosperity 
to its untiring zeal in promoting the interests 
and welfare of the city. 

The growth of the town was for a time 
seriously retarded by destructi\e fires. In 1876 
Gillogly's Hotel, occupied by G. A. Fuller, was 
burned, and in 1S81 a large portion of Yates 
street was consumed, including Gwinn's Hotel 
and several stores. Another in 1885 destroyed 
the entire east side of North Broadway, includ- 
ing Gwinn's Hotel again, which he rebuilt, the 
post office, book store, Ed. Cole's music and 
jewelry store, groceries, restaurants, lawyer's 
offices, etc. The population has steadily in- 
creased until it ni)w numbers eighteen hundred. 
A new canning factory has been built. A new 
Methodist church is now being built. The 
town has grown so that building lots are at a 
premium. Geo. White, some few years ago, 
laid out an addition to the southern part of the 

city. Thomas Shaw's addition in the north 
part of the city, and Smith's addition in the 
southeast part are building up very rapidly. 
Wealthy farmers are renting their farms and 
moving into the city. A few years ago I. 
Streibich established an electric light plant 
here, patronized only by a few of the merchants, 
as the terms were exorbitant, and it was finally 
abandoned. There is to be a plant, however, 
established in connection with the caiming fac- 
tory that will light the stores, dwellings and 
streets at more reasonable prices. Newman 
cemetery lies just west of town, consisting first 
of ten acres, to which has been added. A good 
side walk extends from the city to the cem- 

Some of the leading men of the county and 
town were former residents of Newman. New- 
man has given three county clerks and three 
county superintendents of schools to the county, 
and has sent forth several ministers who are 
making their mark in the world. A number 
of young men, born and raised here, who have 
graduated from our schools, and later on from 
medical colleges, are now successful physicians 
in other fields. The railroad officials say more 
business is done in Newman with the I., D. & 
W. than in any other town on the road. This 
is a great grain center and also a temperance 
town, there having been no saloons here since 
1875. In 1878 a license was granted to drug- 
gists to sell liquor for medical purposes. This 
possibly may have been abused, but there are 
no legalized licensed establishments for the re- 
tailing of spirituous drinks in the city. The 
first hotel was kept by Mrs. Susan Bell, a house 
comprising a portion of what is now the Maple 
Hotel, which is a good house in every respect. 
The City Hotel was built by Thos. Gwinn, after 



his being burned (nit in iwn fires. Situated 
close to the depot it is convenient to traveling 
men. who i)atronize it largely. K. Thomas has 
the largest tile factory in tlie county, its ship- 
ments re(|uiring a sjiecial railroad switch. The 
first postmaster of Newman was I-'rank Wells, 
who also iiad a grocery store in an early day. 
(i. W. Smith was his successor. The other 
"Nasby's" have been Hugh Cook. J. W. King, 
A. J. Hoover and T. M. Sidenstricker, the pres- 
ent incumbent. 

The vast majority of the citizens of New- 
man own their homes and there is quite a de- 
ni.ind here for houses to rent. A number are 
erecting houses to be rented. 

hnprovcmcnts. — The city of Newman has 
through the thrift and enterprise of such citi- 
zens as Culbertson, Roots and other good peo- 
ple, been placed far in advance of other towns 

of its size in the .state. Mr. Culbertson has 
taken dee]) interest in Newman city and New- 
man t(iwnshi|). The interest he took in the 
hnilihng iitn\x'r si.\ miles of concrete side 
walk in .\e\vnian and the business blocks he 
has erected attest his ])ul)lic s|)iritedness and the 
love he has for Newman and Newman people. 
Society. — I shall be easy on Newman peo- 
ple, for, as a rule, 1 fouml them warm hearted, 
hospitable, gentlemanly and womanly people. 
The)' seem to well understand that the world 
was not made entirely for their own special 
benefit, but for others as well. They are far 
supericjr in public improvement and in beauti- 
fying their city and homes to any other com- 
munity in Douglas county. The village is 
full of first-class business and professional men, 
whose standing in church and society is, as the 
world goes, unimpeachable. 



,'' % 

_^^^tSL. ■ '^ i^W^t' '- ^^^^^ 


James P. Heaton, who was a prominent 
citizen of Newman and a member of its board 
of education, was born August i6, 1845, and 
died March 14, 1897, aged fifty-one years, six 
months and twenty-eight days. He was a na- 
tive of Greene county, Pennsylvania, where his 
early youth was passed among the picturesque 
hills and scenery of that mountainous region. 
He was a son of William and Mary Heaton. 
At the age of sixteen years he came to Illi- 

nois and located on the Ridge, four miles north 
of Newman. At that time there was no church 
building in that section and in 1869 when the 
Cumberland Presbyterians built their church 
he contributed liberally toward its construction 
and helped in the good cause in various ways. 
In 1872 he joined the Methodist church, and 
when the M. E. church on the Ridge was built 
he and his brothers contributed largely toward 
its erection, upon ground donated by their fa- 
ther, who located on the Ridge sometime dur- 
ing the '50s and entered a tract of land of 
1,400 acres. He afterwards lived in Edgar 
county from 1873 until 1885, when he moved 
to Newman and lived there until his death in 

James Heaton was not long in becoming one 
of the most influential and prosperous citizens 
in his neighborhood. In 1871 he Ix night a 
tract of land now known as the Spring Branch 
Stock Earm, locater just over the line in Edgar 
county. His principal occupation was stock 
raising, his farm containing 600 acres. In ad- 
dition he owned a business block and a residence 
in Newman, whence he removed in 1885. On 
March 4, 1873, ^'^^ ^^'^^ wedded to Miss Lottie 



Harris, of Cliariton, l^wa, a daugliter oi Julm 
and Luciiula Harris. To tlii'ir niarrias'.- wt-re 
born live cliildrcii, tliicc of wlium are !i\iiu;: 
l'".\a i'".., who is llic wile of joe Walker, a l,i\\- 
ver of Tuscola ; Ada May and Uoyd H. 

Mr. Healon held several local offices, was 
four \cars sn])er\isor and was ci>llector tor the 
same lensjth of lime of his township ni !'",di;ar 
cc iunl\-. ami at the time of his death w as a niem- 
lier of the hoard of edncatiou. and city alder- 
man of Newman, lie was a member of the I. 
O. O. F., and in the death of Mr. Heaton New- 
man lost one of her most ixipular and nsefnl 
citizens, wiio was always ready to adxance ihe 
interests of the community in u hich he li\ ed for 
tlie common good of all. 


Frank E. Loose, one of the leading- farmers 
and business men of llie comity, residing upon 
his farm in the north suburb of Tuscola, was 
born in the city of Springfield. Illinois, in the 
year 1859. He was reared on tlie farm anl 
was educated in Springlield. his fathci's farm 
lying just south of the city. 11 is father. Jacob 
G. Loose, was born in b'ranklin county, Penn- 
sylvania, just across from the Marvland line. 
He sank the first shaft in the vicinity of Spring- 
field, on his own farm, mortgaging almost 
ever)'thing he had to accom])lish this, and his 
venture was richly rewarded by linding a paying 
vein of coal. He became (|uite well to do, and 
died on his farm in 1S74. .Mary I-llizalieth 
(lies) Loose, his mother, was a native of Ken- 

lucky, and a daughter of Washington lies, who 
was a stock buyer and who was liorn in Ken- 
tucky and emigrated to .Springfield, Illinois, 
w heie he li\ed until his death. 

I'fank E. Loose located in I )oiiglas coniilv 
in about 1880, and on Sei)tember 3, 1879, he 
married Miss Fannie, the only daughter of 
the late Mr. and Mrs. John M. Madison (see 

sketch). She died June 25, 1897. She was 
born in Tuscola, and was nearly thirt\-five 
years old at her death. .\t the age of fifteen 
she united with the church of Tus- 
cola, in which denomination she was an active 
church worker throughout the rest of her life. 
When seventeen years of age she was united in 
marriage to Frank E. Loose, who survives, 
with their only child. Jennie, who is about fif- 
teen years old ;md was the constant companion 
of her- mother. In J898 Mr. Loose married for 
his second wife Miss M. Estelle, a daughter 
of Sylvester J. Faris, of Tuscola. Mr. Loose 
owns two hundred acres of valuable land ad- 



joining the city of Tuscola, and also owns the 
business block now occupied by Warren & 
Murphy. About 1892 he joined the Chri.stian 
church and has been an officer in it ever since. 
He is the father of one child, a daughter, Jen- 
nie Elizabeth Loose, who is now in college at 
Jacksonville. Mr. Loose and wife reside in 
their beautiful home in the suburb of Tuscola, 
where they are ever ready to give a hospitable 
welcome to their many friends. 


Rev. William E. INIeans, proprietor of the 
Atwood Herald, was born at Paris, Edgar 
county, Ilinois, June 28, 1850. He attended the 
district school during the winter, working on 

prepared to enter Paris high school. In 1874 
he matriculated at the Northwestern L^niver- 
sity, and was graduated from tlie theological 

departn:ent of this well-known institution in 
the farm during the summer months, until 
the class of 1879. After graduation he was ad- 
mitteil to the Minnesota conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and was appointed 
pastor of the Rushniore charge, where a hand- 
some four-thousand-dollar church was built, 
free from debt. In the middle of the second 
year he was appointed to Lu Verne, where the 
church was greatly blessed during his labors 
with a sweeping revival, the church completed, 
and the way prepared for the paying off of a 
crushing debt. Finding the Minnesota winters 
colder than he liked, he found an opportunity, 
in the spring of 1884, to transfer to South 
Kansas conference, where during the year he 
was instrumental in building two places of 
worship, a temporary building in Fort Scott, 
Kansas, which afterward became Grace church, 
and a beautiful \illage church at Hiattville, 
Kansas. The two years following were spent 
at Moran, Kansas, and were very fruitful. 
More than a hundred were gathered into the 
church, and the church thoroughly organized. 
A pastorate of three and a half years on the 
Caney charge was likewise fruitful in revivals, 
debt paying and church building. In October, 
1891, Mr. Means was invited to become pas- 
tor of the Methodist Episcopal church at Sid- 
ney, Illinois, and the following year passed a 
prosperous year on the Atwood charge. Fail- 
ing health compelled him to retire from the 
pastorate in the fall of 1893, ^"<^1 ^^ ^^^^ since 
held a supernumerary relation to the Illinois 
conference, often rendering efficient service in 
the ministry, without assuming the responsibili- 
ties of a pastoral charge. In 1895 he leased the 
Atwood Herald, and purchased it the follow- 



ing year. The paper was estalilislied in 1S88, 
and is iiulciietulcnt in ])(>litics. It has a fjood 
circiihitioii anil is an excellent advertising; 

Mr. Mi-ans was married in 1884 in Miss 
Ella M. ( lie^nut. ni Dclavan. Minnesota. Tu 
thcni June heen Imrn one duU. a son. Cyril. 
atjed fifteen years. .\lr. .Means is a si in of 
Thomas .\'. and janei (Jniett) Means, natives of 
Ohio and Tennessee, respectively. His grand- 
father, William Means, was of Scotch-Irish 
descent. In manner Mr. Means is approacha- 
ble and unassuming, and is highly respected by 
all who know him. 

family started for the lan<l I'f, the 
I'rairie state, while the other families cast their 
lilt with the Hoosier state, ll was nn nncom- 
nmn ihiu^ fur tliein In meet IiainK nf M.anketed 
Indians and see droves nf deer. I'V tn he "lulled 
til sleep" at night by the "music nf the wolves," 
on their journey from the ()lnii river to the 
small village of Terre Haute. Indiana. whJcli at 
that time cnnsistetl of a ta\ern. a few saluons 
and stores, and a Imrse ferry to cross the W'a- 
Iiash river. They Ineated 1 m Big Creek, Edgar 


Stephen Redden was born in Bracken coun- 
ty. Kentucky, .April 14. 1818. and was a son 
of James Redden, wlm having a large family 
of children growing up resolved to gi\e them 
a lietter ch.mce by going west. Consequently 
he made a llat-boat. and, with his family and 
several of his neighhurs and their families, 
he embarked nn the Ohio river for what was 
then considered the far west. Stephen Redden 
was at that time four years old. .At Louisville 
they would not trust the flat-boat to carry them 
over the falls, but were \m\. ashore and either 
walked or were cunxeyed in some other man- 
ner to Portland, jnst lielnw the falls, where the 
boat landed and took them on board. They 
landed at h^vansville. Indiana, sometime in the 
fall of i8j2, and after disposing of the flat-boat 
and investing in an ox team Mr. Redden and 

^K ^ m>i' 






countw where they rem.ained until 1830. when 
they removed to Coles county, now Douglas 
county. Here Stephen Redden grew to man- 
hood at the hard labor of making rails and 
breaking the new prairie snil with o.\ teams, 
but occasionally taking a little pastime with his 
trusty rifle and his faithful dogs, and many no- 
ble bucks dropped at the crack of his ritk and 
many a sheep's life was saved by his dogs get- 
ting the wdlf befnre the wolf got the sheej). In 



his later days, while suffering in his last sick- 
ness, he would forget the racking ])ains while 
telling of his hunts in his boyhood days. At 
that time there were no schools that he could 
attend and all his education was received by 
reading from the light of hickory bark burned 
in the old fire place. He ne\er learned to write, 
but his mark on any note was worth one hun- 
dred cents to the dollar. 

He was married to Vashti Winkler in 
March, 1840; he made rails all tiay and was 
married in the evening. His wife was born in 
Warwick county, Indiana, February 2, 1S18, 
and was a little over two months older than 
him. He bought eighty-four acres of land a 
short time after be was married, at twenty-two 
dollars per acre, and by frugality and strict 
economy he paid for the land and built a house 
in which he li\ed until his death. His beloved 
wife departed this life March 2, 1878, leaving 
him without any children. His home was deso- 
late, but Providence ruled that it last but a short 
time, and he was again married, this time to 
Mrs. Mary A. Tinkle, of Charleston, Illinois, 
November 3, 1880. She has been to him a 
loving wife, a faithful companion, and during 
his last sickness a trusted nurse, prolonging his 
days by her untiring and constant attention. 
Uncle Steve, as he was familiarly known, was 
strictly honest in his dealings. He peacefully 
fell asleep in the arms of bis Saviour at eleven 
o'clock A. M., .\pril 17, 1897, at the ripe age of 
seventy-nine years and three days. His \vi<low. 
Mrs. Mary A. Redden, has two children liv- 
ing l)y her first husband : .\aron T., in Kansas, 
and Malissa, wife of H. B. Morgan, of Mur- 
dock. Mrs. Redden resides a great deal of her 
time at South Haven, Michigan. She owns 

three hundred and four acres of land in Sar- 
gent township and forty acres in Bowdre town- 


John T. Irwin, retired farmer, and for many 
years a highly respected citizen of the county, 
is a son of George and Jemima (Russell) Ir- 
win, and was born in Lawrence county, Ohio, 
May 28, 1824. His father was a native of 

Montgomery count v, C)hio, and his mother of 
Cabell county, West Virginia. George Irwin 
was born Octolier 2^, 1799, and died Mav 2^, 
1871. He followed the occupati(Mi of farming 
principally; emigrated from his native county 
to Lawrence county, Ohio, in the year 1818. 
He was a son of Thomas Irwin, who was a na- 
tive of Ireland, and served in the war of 1812. 



John Russell ( matenial grandfatlier ) was l)orn 
ill X'irg^inia and was a weaver by trade. 

In 1870 Mr. Irwin removed fnmi ( )liio to 
Illinois, and settled on a farm of three hun- 
dred atid twenty acres, two miles north of Ca- 
niargo. where he continued the piu'suits of the 
farm until 1894. In that year he retired from 
active business and removed into the villag^e of 
Camargo, where he ;mil his wile reside in one 
of the most l)eautifnl Immes in the village. 
When he retired he divided his property among 
iiis children. 

On September 11, 1845. he wedded .Miss 
Lettie Wiseman, who was born in .Mnnroe 
county, Virginia, and was a daughter of Isaac 
and Sarah (Ramsey) Wiseman. Her grand- 
father. Isaac Wiseman, was probably a native 
of \'irginia. To John T. Irwin and wife have 
been Ijorn eight children, fmir nf w hoiu are 
now living: William T.. who resides in Chi- 
cago; Lewis K.. who resides <in part of the old 
homestead; Harriet, wife of 1 )r. \\ . II. Burt- 
nette; and Ida M:iy. wife i>f Charles D. Ham- 
niett. of Tuscol.-i. 1 he\' ha\e four dead : Sarah 
J.. Mary E., Jane and Ella. Mrs. Irwin was 
born May 6. 1827. They will have been mar- 
ried tiftv-five vears their next wedding anniver- 
sary. Jiihn 1". Irwin"s early ad\;uitages for an 
education were very limited, lie lia\ing attended 
only fourteen ilays in all at school, lie has 
served as su])er\-isor of Camargo township, and 
he has been superintendent of roads. 

(Jn Jidv 4. 1861, he volunteered in an in- 
dependent com])any of Ohio cavalry. I hese 
were ninety-day men called out to ser\e until 
they were supersedetl by a com])any of regulars. 
On July 22, 1863. he joined the .\inety-first 
i )h\" X'lilunleer Infantrv. as tirst lieutenant of 

Company D. and in the following October he 
was wounded in a skirmish near Mt. Pleasant, 
Maryland, which disabled him for further act- 
ive service, lie was licensed to exhort in the 
.Meth(j(list Episcopal church in 1865. 


Chas. L. McMasters. dealer in grain, coal 
and seeds, and a jjoinilar young man of Tus- 
cola, was born on a f;u-m three nnles north- 
west of Tuscola, in Tuscola tuwnshi]), .March 
26. 1867. and is a son of S. L. ami Hannah 

( .Maris ) .McMasters. who were natives of Parke 
county, Indi.ana. In \H(hj his father sold his 
farm and removed to Sand Sjjrings, Kansas, 
where he followed farming and stock raising 
until his death in May, 1870, after which his 
niiiiher, with three children, two sons and one 



daugliter — Charles being the younger — re- 
moved to W'infieki, Cowley cunnty, Kansas, 
where she resided until the spring of 1877, 
thence moving to Joplin, Jasper county. Mis- 
souri, where she died October 3, of the same 
year. In March. 1878, Charles, being only in 
his eleventh year, returned to Tuscola to live 
with his uncle, James Davis. Here he went 
to school until February, 1886, when he be- 
came a clerk for Davis & Finney, in the grain 
business, and remained their bookkeeper and 
confidential clerk up to 1888, when Mr. Davis 
died. The firm was then succeeded by Finney 
& McMasters, which business continued up to 
1891, when Mr. McMasters bought the inter- 
est of his partner and since then has been alonc^. 
He is now in the midst of what ])romises to be 
a most successful Inisiness career. He buys and 
sells about two hundred and fifty thousand 
bushels of grain annually, and also deals in 
coal for the local trade. 

Mr. McMasters has thrice been elected to 
the office of city treasurer, belongs to the 
Masonic and Red Men fraternities and is de- 
servedly popular in business and social circles. 

Scotch-Irish ancestry and were members of the 
Presbyterian cliurch. The father died in 1873, 
aged about sixty-five years ; the mother died 
when our subject was about tweK-e years 

Mr. Lindsey was reared on a farm and re- 
ceived a common-school education, and was en- 
gaged in farming in Ohio up to September 14, 
1855, when he emigrated to Illinois and locat- 
ed on a farm in Edgar county, which he rent- 


John Lindsey, ov.'ner of the Evergreen 
farm, two miles west of Tuscola, was born in 
Fairfield county, Ohio, April 2, 1834, and is 
a son of Thomas and Mary ( Blackburn ) Lind- 
sey. They were both natives of Ireland, 
and after their marriage came to this country 
in about 1820. Thev were both descendants of 

etl some three or four years. Fie then bought 
forty acres and tilled this until 1874. when he 
removed to Kansas and remained there for 
about two years and a half, at the end of which 
time he returned to Illinois and located near 
Ficklin, on a farm of one hundred and thirty- 
four acres, which he bought and still owns. 
He resided on this farm until 1885, when he 
came to his Evergreen farm, which contains 
one hundred and si.xty acres. 

In 1853 he w^as united in marriage with 
Miss Elizabeth Eliert, who was also \)ovn in 



Fairfield county. Oliio. Slie is a daugliter of 
Daniel and Mary (fiaiil) Rl)ert. To tlieir mar- 
riage iiave lieen l)orn ten children. Juiui l.iii<i- 
sey is one of tlie dexont and useful nienihers of 
tlie Methodist church. He is a i)loasant. affa- 
ble gentleman, has accumulated a considerable 
comi)etency, and resides in a beautiful home 
wliere he is surrounded by the modern con- 
veniences and comforts of life which fittingly 
crown an acti\e antl successful career. 


David Cooper, an old and universally re- 
spected citizen of Tuscola, who has lout;- led 
an unselfish and bcne\dlent life, was born in 

(jreenbrier comity, West Virginia, in the year 
1813. He is a son of Francis anrl Elizabeth 
(Miller) Cooper, who were both born in the 

same countj'. Simeon Coo])er (grandfather) 
was also a Virginian by birth, and was in the 
Revolutionary war. I lenry .Miller, his moth- 
er's father, was born in Germany, and was 
among the old settlers of the Old Dominion. 
He was also a Rev(jlutionary soldier. 

David Cooper grew to manhood in his na- 
tive county, his early schooling being almost en- 
lirelyneglected. .\ttheage of twenty-seven years 
he emigrated to Lawrence county, Ohio, and 
was there engaged in farming up to 1856, when 
he removed to Kansas, remaining there but a 
short time, when he went to Nodaway county, 
Missouri, and lived there for seven years. In 
1862 he returned to Illinois, and settled in 
Champaign county, and .some twenty years ago 
located on a farm <d' two hundred acres in 
Tuscola township, wliii-h lie slill owns. In 
iSSO he retiretl from the farm and renioveil to 
Tuscola. On .\pril i i, iX^g. he was united in 
marriage to Miss \ irginia .\sbury, who was a 
native of Greenbrier comity, West X'irginia, and 
was a daughter of William .\sbur\-, also a na- 
tive of the same countv. She is still living .and 
is in the eighty-third year of her age and the 
sixty-first year of her m.irriage. 

David Cooper, or, as he is famili;irly 
known as "Cirandpa Cooper" has been a devout 
and consistent nicniber of the first Methodist 
Episcijpal church, second, the United Brethren, 
then joined the I'^^ee Methodist church, of 
which he has been a member about twelve years, 
making in all about seventy years a member 
of the church, a most rem.irkable record ot :i 
remarkable man. \\ ithout family intluencc or 
outside help of any kind Mr. Cooi)er has not 
onlv succeeded in life, but has miselfishly 
helped otiiers to succeed In about 1 SSS he was 



chiefly instrumental in the building of the Free 
Methodist church, in the northwest part of the 
city. It is a frame edifice. 36x46 feet, with a 
seating capacity of about three hundred. Rev. 
Jenkins, of Areola, is the pastor. The member- 
ship is composed, in the language of Mr. Coop- 
er, "of the plain, common people." He is the 
trustee and local elder, and occasittnally gives 
the congregation one of his sernKins on "old 
time religion." The Sabbath school in con- 
nection with this church numbers about eighty 
children. Mrs. Kate Lamb is the class leader 
of the church. David Cooper has given thou- 
sands of dollars toward the building of church- 
es. While living in Champaign county he 
gave one thousand, fi\e hundred tlollars toward 
the building of the Methodist church located on 
his farm near Pesotum. It has since lieen 
bought by the United Brethren people and 
mo\ed to the village of F'esotum. 


Charles \V. \\'oi>l\crton, for many years 
noted as a lawyer in Douglas county and 
throughout central Illinois, was lx)rn at Bel- 
videre, Illinois, February 27, 1847, ^'"1 '''*^'^1 
November 10, 1895, in the forty-ninth year of 
his age. In June, 1888, he married Mrs. Eliza- 
beth C. Reniine, who was at that tiiue the offi- 
cial court reporter of the then judicial district 
composed of Douglas, Coles and lidgar coun- 

Mr. W'oolverton was a graduate of Mc- 
Kendree Colleee, and soon after his s-raduation 

he l)egan the practice of law at Tuscola, becom- 
ing a member of the firm of Bundy & Wool- 
verton. He remained with Mr. Bundy for ten 
years, until the death of the latter in 1885. 
From this time up to his death he was alone in 
the practice. Col. Woolverton was the son of 
Charles W. and Amanda (Holland) Woolver- 
ton, who died when Charles W. was an infant. 
His father was a millwright by tra<le, but to 
his mother much of his success in life was due, 
she being a woman of fine intelligence and will- 

power. In finishing the sketch of Mr. \V'<jo1- 
verton, we will substitute the words of the emi- 
nent Doctor Hurd, late pastor of the Presby- 
terian church, instead of our own: 

"Charles W. Woolverton was born at Bel- 
videre, Illinois, and at the time of his decease 
had nearly completed his forty-ninth year. His 
youth was marked with the most industrious 
and earnest efforts towards self education, in 
which he was dependent largely on his own re- 
sources, and to which effort was addetl neces- 


sary exertion which he manfully rendered on bath mornings of an intent and interested lis- 

hehalf of his widowed mother and family. He tener to such views of truth I have ;it- 

wrougiit his wav thrnni^h the entire ciunse of tempted to present, and the knowledge and ex- 

prescribeii studies, and j^r.aduated from Mc- jjeclation of this has been a lu'l]) and a stinui- 

Kendrce College, at Lebanon. Illinois. While lant .such as few perhaps realize. I lie warm 

engaged in teaching he pursued the studies pre- grasp of liis hand whenrxer and whereser 1 

paratory to the legal profession until he was chanced to meet him, with liis inipiiries ;ind 

admitted to the bar. liis first experience as an words of sym]);nliy. notw ithst.andiiig his liabit- 

attorney was in connection with the oflice of ual reserve, h;ue prepared me to Icel tiiat 1 

the well-known lawyer and representative, have lost a friend and to have still deeper sym- 

Thomas K. Bundy, some years since deceased, pathy which words cannot express for those 

■'Mr. W'oolverton as a lawyer, as a man and most nearly bereaved. Mr. \\'ot)lverton was re- 

as a citizen is well known in Douglas county served in the expressing of his feelings and 

and bevond. By the same incessant industry, sentiments." 

and honorable attention to the fiduciary trusts The funeral cortege was a lengthy one, and 

and duties of his profession, he has won a large the number of distinguished men in attendance 

success, and a distinction which, with the prom- was unusually large, all of which der lonstratcd 

ise of life preceding his last fatal sickness, the high esteem in which he was held b\ his tel- 

wonld have riiiened into eminence among his lowmen. The pall hearers were Messrs. 1'. M. 

peers. Even as a young lawyer he was able to Moore, United States Marshal W. B. Brinton, 

execute in two instances the largest bond for Rice Ervin, Thomas W. Roberts, James A. 

the di.scharge of important financial trusts Richmond and 1'. L. Dawson. The remains 

which hatl ever been executed in Douglas conn- were laid beside those of the late John J. Jones, 

ty, and his fidelity in all commercial and civic both of whom were warm frientls in life. The 

relations was so well understood that up to floral offerings were very fine, and .some lovely 

the time of his departure from our midst large pieces came from those who held him in noble 

trusts were committed to his hands. Of ir- esteem. 

reproachable character as a man, he leaves large 'I he deceased during his twenty years jtrac- 

numbers who will deeply feel the loss of his in- tice of law had bnilt u\) a large clientage, and 

valuable worth among ns. The members of his many duties and responsibilities made him 

the bar, honoring his memory t)n this occasion, a very busy man. .'\t the time of his death he 

are sincere mourners with those most nearly was attorney for the 1. I). & \\ . Railway; also 

and deeply afflicted. The large fraternity who for the Corn Belt I'.nililing & Loan .\ssociation. 

have known him as a member, as a brother and tlte bank of Baughman, Bragg & Co., and was 

as 3. man, attend in charge of the interment manager of the large estate of John J. h'nes, 

of his body to-day with regret and with love and several other large estates, besides ha\ ing 

unfeigned. .\s his chosen pastor for nearly on hand m.iny imjiortant cases in court at all 

five years 1 have been conscious on many Sab- times, lie did business on a large scale, and 


tlie people soug-!il him liccnuse of liis integrity it may be, by hidden generosities of our na- 

and honesty in his deahngs with them. ture. suddenly drawn upon in all of the inten- 

He was a member of the following Ma- sity of deep-seated sorrow, and through the 

.sonic bodies, to-wit : Camargo lodge, No. 440, gloom see, as bright lining, the nobler elements 

A. F. & A. M., Camargo, Illinois; Tuscola of the true man. 

Chapter, No. 66, R. A. M., Tuscola, Illinois; This custom is not of mere form, Init of 

Tuscola Council, Xo. 21. R. & S. M., Tuscola, deep merit; an opportune time for contempla- 

lllinois.; Melita Commanderv, No. 37, Tuscola, tion of true worth and true manhood, yielding 

Illinois. fruitful lessons for the present and enduring 

thoughts to guide us on into the otherwise ob- 
scure and unknown future. So the dark pall 

EULOGY OF HON. HORACE CLARK TO THE LATE of death brings the white-winged dove and 

COL. c. w. wooLVERTON. proclaims the brightest subjects. 

To-day we make no draughts upon our 

The i)ainful dut}-. at the re(|uest of the charity in speaking of the subject of the reso- 
Douglas county bar, is imposed upon me of lutions which I ha\e the great honor on be- 
officially announcing to this court that one of balf of our living brothers to present to this 
the members has passed away ; one to whom we court. Well we know and realize that to your 
were bound by strong ties of personal esteem honor personally our words of praise and com- 
and friendship, and liy tics of professional as- mendation will meet with a hearty response, 
sociation as a practicing lawyer; one who lion- Around the lifeless form of Charles W. Wool- 
ored our profession, antl was honored by it. verton has been drawn the mantle of death, and 

That such a duty should come is painful, we raise the veil with reverence to look upon his 
yet fate-bound and impossible to escape there- life and character w ith words of truthfulness to 
from. With the dread realities liefore us, and speak of him. Knowing the youthful struggle 
with power to recognize the same, in our manly with poverty, and ambition of the ^American 
strength yielding to the inevitable, it is a pleas- boy of Illinois birth, we see his elastic form and 
ing task to speak honest words of eulogy of the reliant journey up the steps of learning, and 
dead and words of sympathy to the living. It while possibly chiding his hard lot, side by side 
is always thus with us, when grim death cu- with his more favored companions, with de- 
ters our circle and with apparent ruthless hand termined mien, nerved by the opposition, he 
plucks those who seemingly can least be spared, marches alongside his competitors with long- 
With the spirit of frankness we say it is al- ing hope of ultimate success. As year quickly 
ways so, for when, perchance, one of less de- follows year we find him with self reliance, 
gree is claimed for that liourne of eternity, without assurance, in the foremost ranks of his 
there comes as a belief, it seems to us, virtue and profession as a lawyer, and his pathway, among 
merits forgotten and unheralded like the still, struggles and disappointments, strewn with 
undisturbed repose of true worth, magnified, monuments of professional success. In look- 



iiit; iKick thn>u,i;li thi>sc years nf untiring- labor 
we see success written u]m.ii liis every effort. 
With ])liysical strens^tli and courage the citi- 
zen stands with all the enihellishnient nf the 
practicing lawyer and ahle jurist. .\ud anmnt^ 
those who speak his praise and his wtirtli are 
many who in every day life received the en- 
couraging word and the helping hand, and 
joined with these are the expressions nf liearty 
gratitude nf liis young |)rofessional brethren. 
With sturdw Imnest and untiring lalmr and 
tidelity came to him remunerating trusts and 
such a competence as to place the U)ving ones 
who mourn his loss beyond the reach of want 
or dejiendence. liis Imnie has lost a jewel, his 
wife and daughter a kind husband and t'ather 
and a genial coiu])anion, ami his surviving 
mother a son whose every effort was responsive 
to her wishes. The community has lost an 
upright citizen and the Douglas county bar has 
lost a brother worthy ni nur profession. With 
the unbounded coulidence of all courts before 
whom he ap])eared his professional honor was 
ever beyond (piestinu. lie was a close practi- 
tioner, eln(|nent and fnrcible, seldom indulging 
in in\ectives or sarcasm. \ et his jjower and 
force of character always inspired the ccjurt 
and jury, as it did himself, with confidence in 
the justice of his cause, and he was at all times 
a foriuidable aiKersary. 

In the forty-ninth \ear of his age, in the 
very ])rime ui meiUal and physical lite, with 
sturdy ipialities of honest heart and hand, and 
in full manhood of usefulness, our brother 
Charles W. WooKertou. by iuhuite and un- 
known Providence, has been cut down. With 
bowed heads to the inevitable, we must be re- 
signed, and as out of the eternity we today 

and now seem to hear \nices whispering from 
the "shatlowy silence of the grave" we join w ith 
reluctance our voices in a long .and last tare- 
well to (Jiu' friend and profes^ioual brother. 


R. S. Foster, one of the oldest citizens of 
Tusciila, was born in Clermont county, Ohio, 
March 4. 1818, and is a son of Israel and Mary 
( Kain ) booster, who were nati\es resjjectively 
of Berkley county, Virginia, and Clermont 
county, Ohio. Tlis mother was a daughter of 
Uaniel Kaiu, who was born in Willi.imsburg, 


' •'^'^ 

' ■'T^^ 


■i^.i&eSr' -^ 




'-> ' 


L ^ '^- 



Ohio, and was a luember of otie of the early 
pioneer faiuilies of that section. His father, 
Israel Foster, was born in 1793. and in 1827, 
w ith his family, moved to Bracken county. Ken- 
tucky, where he engaged in farming on the Ohio 
river, twelve miles Ijelow Augusta, the county 



seat of Bracken county. He died in 1878. in the 
eighty-fifth year of his age. while on a visit to 
liis (laugliter in Keokuk, Iowa. He was a sol- 
dier in the war of 1812. 

R. S. Foster received a common-school edu- 
cation and after leaving school he was engaged 
in farming in Bracken county, residing at Fos- 
ter, when, in 1878, he removed t(j Douglas 
county, where he has since resided. Mr. Fos- 
ter has heen twice married, first, in 1838, to 
Miss Elizabeth Tuttle, of Maine, whose death 
occurred in the same year of her removal to this 
county. His second wife was Mrs. Eliza E. 
Roberts whose maiden name was Maxwell. 
She was a native of Bracken county, Ken.tucky, 
and at the time of her marriage was a resident 
of Foster. Mr. Foster owns tvvi.i hundred and 
seventy-two acres of land in Areola township, 
whicii is fine of the finest farms in the county. 
He is devoted to the Methodist Episcopal 
church. In politics he is a stanch Republican. 
I'or the past few years Mr. Foster has l:)een 
confined to his home with rheumatism, getting 
out only occasionally. He has lived a long and 
useful life — a man of strictest integrity and 
fearless in voicing his convictions upon any- 


William H. Burtnett, M. D., physician and 
druggist of Camargo, and a veteran of the war 
of the Rebellion, was born in Gallia county, 
Ohio, January 6, 1843, '^•^'l 's a son of John 
Burtnett, who was a native Virginian. His 
mother was Mary Gilmore, a daughter of 
Matthew Gilmore. He was reared and edu- 
cated in his native county, and at the age of 

eighteen years he joined Company C, Eight- 
eenth Indiana Infantry, was mustered into the 
service and was out four years and two months. 
There are few soldiers who served longer in the 
Civil war than Dr. Burtnett, although he has 
never applied for a pension, nor would accept 
one if it were tendered him. In politics he is 
the same as he is in all other affairs ui life, 
strictly independent. He is inclined to favor 
the Republicans of the anti-monopoly type, 
Init in 1896 he voted for Bryan. In 1868 Dr. 
Burtnett located in Douglas county, in the 
practice of his profession, and in 1872 he lo- 
cated at Camargo, where he has continued to 
reside. In 1894 he established liis presert drug- 
store, and s'nce that t'me he has not done so 
much act'\-e practice as formerly. 

Dr. William H. Burtnett was graduated 
from the Miami Med'cal College, at Cincin- 
nati, in the class of 1867, and subsequently he 
took a special course at Ind'anapolis. On Jan- 
uary 31, 1879, he was married to Miss Hattie, 
a daughter of John M. Irwin, of Camargo 
(see his sketch). She is a native of Lawrence 
county, Ohio. They have had two children, 
l)ut both are deceased. Dr. Burtnett is a man 
of marked individuality: is perfectly frank and 
outspoken on questions in line with his con- 
victions anil which he believes to be honest 
and right, and is universally popular with all 
who understand him. 


James Jones, ex-county treasurer and pres- 
ent deputy treasurer, and also the present chair- 
man of the Douglas county Republican central 
committee, was born in Franklin county. In- 



tliaiia. Januaiv _'4. i>^,^7. In 1S3S he came to 
Illinois and settled in \\ liiteside connt}- and en- 
gaged in farming. Two years later he re- 
moved to this county and bought a farm in 
.\rcola township, where he resided u\) to the 
time w lien lie traded his farm for one in 'i"ns- 
coja townshi]): upon tlie latter place he lived 
and farmetl successfully u\) to the year 18S4. 
That year he was elected by his party treasurer 
of Douglas county and most efficiently served 
in this capacitv for one term. 

James Jones is one of the most universally 
])opular men in the county. He has l)een a 
successful man of business affairs and the same 
methods used in his own every-day lnis;ness 
life he ajjplies in dealing with the pul)l;c: he 
is \-ery a])proacliable in manner and ol str ctest 
integrity and probil)-. 


William 11. I'ry. of West Kidge, who is 
the grain agent at that place for T. D. Hanson 
& Co.. a ])osition he has filled most acceptably 
to his employers and the general public for the 
past eight \'ears. was born in Camargo town- 
ship. Douglas coinitw Illinois, b'cliruary 14 
1869. He is a son of Daniel and Millie Ann 
( Braugbton ) Fry, who were born respecti\ely 
in Pennsylvania and Kentucky. His grandfa- 
ther. Henry Vvv. who was born in I'ennsyl- 
\ania. came west and became one of the pioneer 
settlers in Camargo township. Daniel Fry. 
who came at the same time, was born in 1830 
and died in 1881 : bis wife died in 1893 in the 
forty-first year of her age. To their marriage 
were born finir children: William H. ; Mrs. M. 
Entler. residing near the Mt. Gilcad church : 

James W. and ( i. W'. <i. W'. l'.raugbton 
(grandfather) was of Fnglish ancestr_\-, a na- 
tive of Kentucky, and .settled in Camargo town- 
shi]) at about the same time the Fry family lo- 
cated there. 

Williaiu II. Fry was reared on the farm, 
and after attending the graded school of Ca- 
margo was one year at the Bloomington nor- 
mal : leaving there he entered DePauw Univer- 
sitw at ( ireencastle. Indiana, where he contin- 
ued his studies for three years, .\fter lea\- 
ing college be taught for three vears in DoujLis 

countv. at the. end of which time he accejited 
bis present position at West Ridge. On De- 
cember 1. 1899. be en,gaged in mercantile busi- 
ness also at West Ridge, and accepted the po- 
sition of postmaster under the administration 
(jf President McKinley. 

On February 22, 1892, he married Miss 
Cora .\.. daughter of W. H. Dodson, a justice 
of the peace of Tuscola. Mr. Fry owns twen- 
1\ acres of land in Camargf) township, besides 



property in tlie village of West Ridge. He is 
a Knight of Pythias, and he and his wife are 
members of the Christian church of Tuscola. 
Mr. Fry is one of that useful class of young 
men in every county whose intelligence, sturdy 
integrity and restless energy add stability and 
force to its business affairs. 


James A. Kincaid has through his own indi- 
vidual effort and unaided by friends become 
one of the most successful farmers and stock 
raisers in Newman tnwnship. He was horn of 
humble but honiirahle parentage in ^L^rion 

near the village of Chrisman, where they resid- 
ed on a rented farm for three years, when they 
removed to Newman township. Alpheus M. 
Kincaid has been dead for over thirty years, 
and his wife died March 9, 1900. John Kin- 
caid (grandfather) was born in Rolan county, 
Ireland, and entered land in West Virginia. 
Barnett Johnson was born in New England, 
and also entered land in West Virginia. 

James A. Kincaid, by hard work and good 
management, has achieved a success far aljnve 
the average farmer. He owns eighty acres of 
valuable and well improved land and has" only 
recently erected a tine residence at a cost of over 
three thousand dollars. In 1874 he was united 
in marriage to Miss Caroline F. Anderson, a 
daughter of Elijah Anderson, who was one of 
the pioneers of the Brushy Fori: neighborhood, 
having migrated from Indiana. Fie was born 
in Posey county. Indiana, and married in Ver- 
millinn county, that state, to Sarah S. James, 
His death occurretl some eight years ago, and 
he and his wife are buried at Albin cemetery 
Mr. and Mrs. Kincaid have four children 
living: Sarah, Nora V., Rosa Lee, Caroline 
Elizabeth and James A. A son, Moses Ewen, 
died September 12, 1876. Mr. Kincaid is a 
■ member of the Modern Woodmen, and is well 
and favorably known as an intelligent and up- 
to-date farmer. 


county, W^est Virginia, August 2 J, 1853. and is 

a son of Alpheus M. and Sarah (Johnson) 

Kincaid, who in about 1865 emigrated from Daniel Atto, an honest and hard working 

their West Virginia home and settled on a farm farmer of Newman township, was bcrn near 




184^. 1 
aiul was 

, Lawrence eiiunt\, Indiana, Inly 15. \ears he lias taken an acti\e interest in school 
le came to Newman townshi]) in 1 X( 1 1 matters and tor eighteen years past has served 
for three years a tenant farmer liefore as president of the school l)oard. 

in iiS()(( he was luiilcd in marriafje to Miss 
riiehe Ogdon, who was horn in Illinois, a 
daug-htcr of Alexander and Adaline ()<,'-d<)n, 
who were horn in \ ir^inia. I''i\e chil<lreii ha\e 
hiessed their union: Ira: ( )ra. who is -n his 
twenty-third year and is one of the hriijht 
young school teachers of the comity; I'.arnev, 
Alma and Lucy. Mr. .\tto is a stanch Kepuh- 
lican in his political o|)iiiion, and occupies a 
high ])lace in the respect aiul esteem of the ])eo- 
ple among whom he has dwelt for so many 


Mf^ «v^ <''^^H 

m. A^ ^^^H 

jI^- .\r J^^^l 



he purchased his farm of forty-se\en acres, 
which he yet owns. While our suhject was 
yet small, his parents removed from Lawrence 
to Greene county, Indiana, where he remained 
initil he was eigiiteen years of age. when he mi- 
grated to Illinois with his mother and lier fam- 
ily. His father, joseiih .\tto, a native of 
Natchez, Mississippi, was left .-m orphan at an 
early age. At the age of live years hy some 
means he was sent north stopping at Evansville, 
Indiana, and was taken hy lsa;K- .Mitchell, who 
raised and educated him. In 1X41 he weilded 
I""annie, a daughter of Jsaac Mitchell, who was 
a native of Virginia, and who lived and died liloomiield. Indiana. 1 )aniel ,\tto has 
heen :\ husy man ;ill his life, li;id few school 
advantages, hut knew well the ail\, ullages of 
an education and has seen that his children lia\e 
amply received what he lacked. l'"or many 


Michael D. Rartholoiuew, a reputahle anti 
liighl}- intelligent farmer of Bourhon towushi)). 
has heen numhered among the residents of 



Douglas county since 1861. He and his esti- 
mable wife are among the pioneer settlers who 
have lived to witness the phenomenal growth 
and development which has placed Douglas 
county in the front rank as one of the most 
prosperous and highly cultivated portions of 
the great state of Illinois. 

Mr. Bartholomew is a native of the state 
of New York. He was born in St. Lawrence 
county, August 21, 1825. His parents were 
Lnman B. and Lydia (Daniels) Barthnlonievv. 
The family was well and favorably kn^wn 
where they resided. In 1843 they cmigratetl 
to the West. Soon after reaching their new 
home in McHenry county, Illinois, the father 
died antl the famiU- were thrown upon their 
own resources. The subject of this sketch 
was then eighteen years of age. He C(jntinued 
to reside in McHenry county, sh.aring the hard 
toil and pri\ations incident upon the life in a 
new and unsettled region, until 1847. b'or the 
next nine years Vigo comity, Indiana, became 
his home. Here, in 1854, he was united in mar- 
riage to Sarah Durham, a native of Vigo coun- 
ty, and a daughter of Daniel Durham. Their 
marriage proved a hapjjy and congenial one. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Bartholomew are of En- 
glish ancestry. The grandfathers of the sub- 
ject of this sketch rentlered honorable and dis- 
tinguished service in the Revolutionary war; 
the genealogy of the family is traced Ijack to 
the earliest settlers of America. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bartholomew have been greatly prospered in 
their Douglas county hcjme. They now own 
over five hundred acres of fertile and well cul- 
tivated land, situated in Bourbon and Areola 
townships. They are both members of the 
L^nited Brethren church at Chesterville. Mr. 

Bartholomew has well and acceptably per- 
formed the duties of township treasurer for a 
period of twenty-eight years. He has been su- 
pervisor and held minor offices of trust. Of 
the five children, two, Luman and Isaac Bar- 
tholomew, are well know^n and prosperous 
farmers of Bourbon township. One of the 
daughters, Miss Eliza, is a successful teacher. 
Two beautiful and interesting little grandchil- 
dren complete the family circle. 


Anson 11. ( ireenma\i is probably as well 
known in 'i'nscola and its en\ironment as any 
other citizen in the countv. With the exception 

of four years he has continuously hekl the office 
of township assessor since the year 1881, and 



is now a caiuliilatc for re-election without op- 

.•\nson H. (.jreeninan was Imni in Xolilc 
county. Indiana, November i i. 1S41. ami is a 
Son of .\nson and ()li\e ( Cunningham I (ireen- 
nian. The former was horn in Canada, and llie 
latter in Ohio. Mr. (ireenman. at an early at;e. 
at the death of his parents, was hound out. and 
went ihrouyh the hardships that g'cnerally he- 
fall an orphan undei' similar circumstanees. 
At the time of his country's peril he volunteered 
his services in the Civil war. and joining Com- 
])any B, Eighty-fourth Indiana, as a private, 
August 1, i8()_', under Cajitain l-lUis. of Mun- 
cie, and (.dlone! Trussler, of Coiniers\ille, In- 
diana. He was four times wounded and of 
late has sufferetl from ( ne woLind rece \ cd at I. e 
battle of l-'ranklin. 1 le also participati^d in the 
battles of Kesaca, .\ash\ille, Tennessee, and At- 
lanta, (ieorgia. The l'".ighty-tV>urth Imliana 
participated in twenty-six battles and sk.r- 
inishes. In 1865, after being mustered out. Mr. 
Greenman settled on a farm in » uscola town- 
ship, and mo\ed into Tuscola city in Fcl>ru- 
ary, 1891, and ne\er cast a vote any where 
else; he is a member of the (jrantl Army of 
the l\e[)ublic. 

In .1866 he was wedded to Miss Mary E. 
Gish. a lady <»f line intelligence, who has l)orne 
him four children ; J(ihn 1... employe of the Illi- 
nois Central Railroad Company; OUie, em- 
j)loyee of the Mt. Pleasant (Iowa) Hospital 
for the Insane; Dora, wife of James High- 
land, of Chamj)aign. Illinois, and banma. who 
is at home. Mr. (ireenman is a pleasant, genial 
gentleman, an ardent Repuljlican aiul an acti\e 
worker for the success of his party. 

W. S. .M.\R'n.\. M. D. 

William S. Martin. .\1. I), a well known 
)ih\-sician of Tuscola, boi'u in I'liinain 
coiuU\-. Indiana, .\ugust J. 1837. After leav- 
ing the connnon schools he taught school for 
eight years. Din-ing the last three years while 
teaching school he studieil medicine under Doc- 
tor Price, <if W'estlielil, Illinois, lie then went 
to New ^'ork and entered the I'.ellcvue .Medical 

College, the recognized leading school ot the 
United States, taking two full courses, the lirst 
in 1871 and the last in 1877, in which year he 
was graduated. 

His father was William 11. .Martin, who 
was Ijorn in Bath count}-, Kentucky, in i8o(). 
and died in i8(>7. .\t the age of twenty-one 
he located in I'tUnam couiuy. Indiana, where 
he resided until 18O0. when he removed to De- 
Witt county, Illinois, and there remained eight 
years, then removing to Tuscola. 1 lis life was 



marked l)y deep religious sentiment and by tlie 
liighest sense of Christian duty. When twehe 
years of age lie united with the MetlnxHst 
church, whose cHsciphne he took at all times as 
his standard and rule of faith. In about 1827 
he was married to Elizabeth Walton Dills. Will- 
iam Martin (grandfather) was a Virginian by 
birth, removed to Kentucky, antl thence to 
Putnam county, Indiana, where he died. He 
was a minister in the Methodist church for 
many years. His wife was Mary Cook, of 
English parentage, and a relative of Captain 
Cook. Dr. Martin's maternal grandfather, 
John Dills, wIk.i was a descendant of Plolland 
ancestry, antl of a prominent and early settled 
familv in the vicinity of Cviithiana, Kentucky. 

Dr. Martin in 1887 took a post-graduate 
course at the Chicago Medical College, and in 
1895 took a post-graduate coin-se in the New 
York Pijst Graduate Medical (^'ollege, giving 
more particular attention to diseases of the nose 
and throat. He is a member of the State and 
the American Medical Associations, and keeps 
himself tlmroughl}- in touch With the progress 
and ad\ancenient of his [jrofession. Dr. Mar- 
tin ranks high as a ])hysician and surgeon. His 
ofiice is the best supplied with instruments for 
surgical operations of any town in central Illi- 
nois, as well as bath rooms and electrical ap- 
pliances for the successful treatment of chronic 
diseases, of which for the past few years he 
has made a specialty. 

In 1861 he was unitetl in marriage to Miss 
Katherine Thompson, of Manhattan, Indiana. 
To their marriage were born ti\e children, three 
daughters and two sons, the latter tlying early 
in life. The daughters are: ^largaret, single, 
who resides at home with her father; Cather- 

ine, who is the wife of E. A. Link, a piano 
manufacturer of Chicago, and Nellie, w-ife of 
Horace Wortham, who resides in Tuscola. 
Dr. Martin's first wife died in 1894, and in 
1896 he was married to Miss Laura E. Smith, 
a very estimable lady of Tuscola. 

Dr. Martin owns one of the most elegant 
homes in Tuscola, and has a splendid office : 
antl also owns two farms, one of one hundred 
and ten acres adji)ining Tuscola, and a fruit 
farm in Marion county. He has served as 
mayor of the city and is a member of the Pres- 
byterian church. Dr. Martin's splendid intel- 
lectual gifts, deeply rooted in his character, 
shine forth without any effort on his part to dis- 
pla\- them, an<l he is a man of fine personal 
appearance who faxorably impresses all who 
come in contact with him. 


John E. Rogers, of Tuscola, was born near 
Jacksonville, Morgan county, Illinois, October 
5, 1838, and is a son of John and Anna Beasley 
Rogers, who were natives of Kentucky. John 
Rogers, his grandfather, born in Kentucky, 
was one of the early pioneer Baptist preachers 
in the neighborhood of Jacksonville. His ma- 
ternal grandfather, Joseph Beasley, was prob- 
aljly a native of Virginia. 

John E. Rogers, with his remarkable en- 
ergy and foresight, has attained a prtmiinence 
in his calling few men reach, and in the com- 
mercial growth and devekipment of Douglas 
county, as to its lands, he stands unicjuely alone. 
His enterprises have been great and have in- 



volved a stuiJcndmis anicMiiit uf nmnoy in ac- 
comiilishinij- tlicni; hut lime has proven liis 
gooil judynient and tlic g^rcat good he has done 

the i-onnty since he lies;un his work of dredg'ing; 
and draining;'. h<ir ei.^lil years he lias l)een a 
resident of Tuscola, and for twice that nuniher 
of years has lieen extensively engaged in drain- 
ing the countv. In dix-dging, draining and re- 
gaining swamp lands his contracts extend as 
far south as Xew (Ji'leans, where he has per- 
formed several contracts with the state of 
Louisiana and is still engaged in that section. 
In 1859 Mr. Rogers married Angeline A. 
llro<iker, of Sangamon county. Illinois, who is 
of iuiglish jiarentage. They have ne\er had 
an\- children of their own, hut ha\e three 
adopted ones. .Mr. Rogers is a Knight 
Templar in Masonry and hears an enxiahle 
reputation as a neighhor and Iriend. a 
courteous gentleman and a jjuhlic-spirited citi- 
zen in the connnnnilv in which he li\'es. In all 
his relations of life he has heen honoral)le and 
just, scrupulously ])rompt in meeting his en- 
gagements and in performing his contracts. 

WILLI A.M h.DCAR RlCl'".. M. I). 

Among the leading ])hvsic!ans of Tuscola 
and l)<ingl;is county there ha\e heen mme more 
active and aggressive in accomplishing good 
results in the ])ractice of their profession than 
1 )i-. Rice, lie was horn in Clermont county, 
( )hio. January Ji,. 1S65. He was reared on 
J. farm and attended the country schools, after 
which he attended W'esleyan l^niversity at Del- 
aware, Ohio, ,-ind snhse'inentlv entered the 
.^tate L'nivei"sitv .it (olnmlins, ( )hio, in holh 
colleges pursuing sciciuific studies. After leav- 
ing college he took up the study of medicine, 
m;itriculating at the Miami Meilical College at 
C incinnati. from which well-known inst tution 
he was gr.-idn.ated in the class of i8(ji. In the 
same year he opened an office at Greenville, 
Ohio, htit remained there l)ut a short time, com- 
ing to Tuscola that year, W ith his well-known 

ahility and energy iov hard work, it is useless 
to state that he was not long in getting into a 
successful and lucrative practice. He remained 



alone in tlie work of his profession up to Oc- 
tober, i8g8, when, his jjractice liaving- lieconie 
very extensive, he formed a partnershi]) with 
Dr. Walter C. Blain. (See sketch of Dr. 

Dr. Rice is a memlier of the Ohio State 
Medical, Miami County (Ohio) Medical, and 
the Douglas County (Illinois) Medical So 
cieties. He is also a member in orood standing;- 
of the Knights of Pythias and the Lni formed 
Rank, Knights of Pythias, and has been a rep- 
resentative to the grand lotlge of that order 
for the past six years; is also a member of the 
1. O. O. F. : a member of Tuscola lodge, No. 
332, A. F. & A. M.; Tu.scola Chapter, No. 66, 
Royal Arch Masons, and Melita Commandery, 
No. 37, K. T., and a Woodman ; also a member 
of the city board of health of Tuscola, and a 
member of the Methodist church. Dr. i\ice is 
surgeon for the I. D. & W. Comiiany 
and local surgeon for the Illinois Central. 

His father, George W. Rice, was by occupa- 
tion a farmer, stock raiser and tobacco grower, 
and a natix'e of Kentuck\', but reared in Ohio. 
His mother before her marriage was Miss Kate 
(j. Frazier, bom in Ohio. In iSgo Dr. Rice 
w edded Miss Sarah P. Rust, of Ohio. To them 
has been born one child, Mary Katherine, 
aged seven years. 


S. H. Baker is classed among the success- 
ful and enterprising young business men of 
Arthur. He is a member of the well-known 
grain Ihm of Baker S: Cahill (see sketch of 

latter on another page), which partnership was 
formed February i, 1895. 

Mr. Baker was born on a farm in Juniata 
county, Pennsylvania, April 12, 1862, and re- 
mained on the farm, receiving the advantages 
of the common scliools until he had arri\ed at 
.the age of fifteen years, when he entered the 
emplov of the PennsyKania Railroad Com- 
pany and filled the i^ositions of telegraph op- 
erator and ticket clerk at different points on 
the middle di\ision, on the main line between 

Harrisburg and .\ltoona. In iXSo he came 
west and located in Illinois, remaining one 
year, when he returned to Pennsylvania and re- 
entered the service of the Pennsyh'ania Rail- 
road Company in the cajiacity of telegraph 
operator and ticket clerk on the Schuylkill 
division at Pottstown, Montgomery county. 
In 1888 he came back to this state and located 
in Piatt county, and was station agent at Mil- 
mine, on the Waliash system, continuing there 
up till i8c;2. In that vcar he changed to the 
employ of the C. & K. 1. Railro;id Company 



and was tlieir station ag;ent at Arthur ii]) tn 
liis giiin^' intd tlic j^rain l)usincss in 1895. 

in 1SS5 Mr. Baker was united in marriage 
to Miss Alice Dob.son, a dans^litcr of l\iil)insnn 
Dobson. <if M limine. Po their marriat;e ha\e 
been born tln^ee chiUhx'n : I'lorcnce and .^. 11. 
Daker, Jr., hvini;-, and Jesse, dead. 

S. H. Raker comes of sturdy I'ennsyKania 
Dntcli ancestry, and is a son -of Jesse and Susan 
(Zeiders) I'aker. The. fatlicr was Imrn in 
Montgomery county, near Philadelphia; the 
mother in Perry county, near Li\erpool, I'enn- 
s_\l\ania. I lis i^rand fathers w fre I'eter llaker 
and Henry Zeiders, who were members of old 
and respectal)le families of the Keystone state. 
The tirni of Baker & Cahill, who carry on 
business for themselves as dealers in tjrain, 
coal, seeds and mill feed. di> an annual business 
of about tifl_\--one tliousand dollars. Mr. liaker 
is a member and secretar\' of .\rthur lodge. 
No. 825, l'"ree and .Accei)ted Masons, and is 
also an acti\e member and r)ne r)f tlic nldcst 
trustees of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
wliich was organi;^ed in 1894. He has attained 
his present ])osition in the l)usiness world by 
industry and close attention to the det;iils of 
his e\ery <lay"s work; is public spirited and in 
favor of rdl imi)ro\emeuts calculated to benefit 
the conununity in which he resides. 


Eli Foster Cahill. member of the well- 
kiiiiwn grain firm of Baker & Cahill, of .Arthur, 
was born in Mercer county, Kentucky, October 
2.- 1851, ;ui<l is a son of (iranson and I'dlen 

(Coff) Cahill. He was reared on a farm in 
central Kentucky and came from that state to 
Moultrie county in 1874. In 1894 he and his 
partner succeeded C. .\. Davis in the grain 
buN'ing l)nsiness, and the lirm of l'>;iker S: 
Cahill is rapidly becoming one of the most im- 
jiortani in the county. Mr. Cahill owns one 
hundred and sixty acres of land northwest of. 
.\rthur. in .Moultrie county, and while residing 
on the farm he served three years as highway 
commissioner, was clerk of the school board 

for nine years and for cle\cn \'ears ser\ed ;is 
school director. 

In i8j-,Soui' subject w;is united in mai'riage 
with Airs. Emily Robertson, of Abmltrie coun- 
ty, Illinois, and they h;i\e one child, Nellie. 
Mr. C;iliill is a menil)er id' the Masonic frater- 
nitv ;ind of the church, .and is a 
pleas.anl ;uiil courteons gentleman, well known, 
wide-awake and progressi\e, and is in the vigor 
of manhood, with prospects of many years of 
trsefulness in store for liim. 




D. N. Mag'ner is classed among' tlic reliable 
and successful Inisincss men i)f the Cdunty. He 
located at Arthur in 1873. and has since been 
identified with the host interests of the village. 

and is the pioneer of Arthur in the luml)er, coal 
and -cement business. 

Our subject was born in Rush county, Indi- 
ana, October 30, 1843, and is a son of Z. H. 
and Margaret (McCorkle) Magner. His fa- 
ther is a nati\e of Berks county, Pennsylvania, 
and his mother of Bourbon countv, Kentucky. 
His father, who was born in 1803, and died in 
August, t868, was formerly a merchant at 
Paris, Illinois. His mother died in 1855, aged 
fifty years. James Magner (grandfather) 
was a native of Mar\land and a son of a 
Revolutionary soldier. The Magner family, 
which came from Ireland, has resided in .\mer- 
ica since about the year 1650. James McCorkle 
was a Virginian by birth, emigrated to Ken- 
tucky as a pioneer and died there. In 1853 D. 

N. Magner, then nine years old, came to Paris, 
Illinois, and upon the first call for troops in 
1 86 1 he volunteered in Company H, Ninth Illi- 
nois Infantry, and served for three years and 
four months. He was wounded at the battle 
of Shiloh or Pittsburg Landing, was taken 
prisoner at the battle of Corinth, and partici- 
]iated in sixty-six engagements during the war. 
For fourteen years he was in the railway mad 
service, on the Chicago & Eastern Illinois Rail- 
load and Vandalia line. In 1873 he started 
in his ]Dresent business, but in 18S0 he sold out 
to C. A. Reeves. He bought the business back 
in i8()4, and since that time has been carrying 
on a most successful business. Mr. Magner 
has been president anfl trustee of the village 
board, and is a member of the G. A. R., I. O. O. 
V. and Masonic fraternities. 

In 1862 he was wedded to Miss Mary 

I horn, of Hillslionj, Illinois. They have three 

children living: Margaret, Mary and Ruth. 

He and wife are members of the Christian 

church of Arthur. 


Col. Wesford Taggart, a resident of Tus- 
cola, who for many years has been well and 
favorably kno\vp. throughout Douglas county, 
was born on a farm near the village of Nash- 
\ille. Brown county, Indiana, November 17, 
1833. His father was Capt. James Taggart, 
who ser\ed in the Mexican war as captain of 
Company E, of Senator James H. Lane's regi- 
ment, of Indiana, and" was killed in the battle of 
Ikiena Vista in the year 1847. Col. Taggart's 


Bior.RArniCAL and iitstortcal. 

mcither was Jane W'eildell, who was ])oni near 
Cristol, Tennessee, and whose f.ither, Thomas 
Weddell, was a heulenant in connnand as^ainst 
ihv Inchan^ in the hattlc d I iorseslioe I'.onil, 
i lorida, wliero lie was killed. The Colonel's 
grandfather. J.anies Taggart. was a nalive of 
North Ireland, of Scotch-Irish ancestry, who. 
while yet a hoy, enn's^rated to l\ockin<.;hani 
countv. \ irginia, where he married a Miss 
Peltersiiii, and soon thereafter ri-niM\cd tn In- 

dian.-i terrildry. lie lirsl lucated at Lees\ille, 
Lawrence cinniiy. thence Im the \icinity of 
Xaslnille. where, in the year 1S52. he died, 
aged ninety-two years. .\11 liis life he was en- 
gaged in farminL;'. and w;is a memher nl the 
L'nited Brethren chnrch. 

('1.1. Wesf'ird Tav,^;irf remained on the old 
Krowii connt\' homestead nnlil he arrived at 
the age of se\eiiteen years, when he went to 
r.liiiiminL;!' 111. in the same state, where he en- 
ga.ged in hlacksmithin.g. and from there re- 
moved to F.dinshnrg. where he remaineii nntil 
1860. He then removed to Charleston. Illinois, 
tliere conlinning at his trade nntil the lireakinLf 

out of the Civil war. wlien he was among the 
lirst to volnnteer his services, hut was rejected 
hum the h'irst Illinois Regiment on accf)nnt of 
il heini;- so (|nickly e(|ui|i|}ed with the re(|uired 
nnmher i>\ men. lie at i>nce commenced to 
r.aise .a cnnijiany himself, which he soon com- 
lileted. and was mustered into the service |nne 
I, iNfii, ;it St. l.onis. in ( ien. Seigel's di\ision, 
nnder the comm.and of Ccn. l'"remont. Me 
camjiaigned throngh Missouri and .\rkansas; 
was in the hattle of Pea Uidge; transferred to 
the Army of the Mississippi, and was in the 
siege of Corinth, .\fter the cajitnre of Corinth 
he was transferred to the .Army of the Cumher- 
land, and was in the marchto I.cniisville, Ken- 
tucky. ( )n his return he was in the attack 
on Bragg at Perry \ille, thence went to Nash- 
ville, Teiuiessee. .and was in tiie tight against 
Ihagg at .Stone River; al.^o in the attack at 
Tullahoiua. where Ih-agg was driven across the 
( unilicrl.and nn innt.-iins, the Cnicni forces still 
pursuing nntil the hard fcmght hattle of Chicka- 
mauga, Septemher kj and 20. At Stone River 
Col. Taggart was jiroiunted to the comiuand 
of his regiiuent. ;nid .after the hattle nf Chicka- 
niauga. lur nieriti iri. lus ciinduct, he w;is |iri>- 
Uidted to lieutenant-Colonel of his regiment, 
lie was also in comiuand at Missionary Ridge, 
where the Confederate lines were hroken and 
r.r.agg's army tainted. Inimedi;itel\- after this 
he was in the forced march to Knuwille to re- 
lieve (ien. ljurnsi<les. lie w.i'^ .alsn in the hattle 
of naiulridgc. Tennessee, where the rehels un- 
der I ,i>iigsli-eet were routed: then he returned 
til KiiMwillf, where- he rem.ained sume tinu', 
\^ hen he joined Sherman at l\inggold. Georgia, 
and participated in the cajiture of Athmta. Im- 
mediately thereafter he came iinrtli and wris 
uuisterecl nut df the ser\ice ;it S|)ringiield, I Hi- 



nois, Septemlicr 5. 1864. He returned to 
Charleston, and injanuary of the following year 
remo\ed to Tuscola, where he has since re- 
sided. Fnim iSf'5 ti) 1868 he was successfully 
engaged in the grocery business at this place, 
l.ut in the latter year sold his stock of gnods 
and engaged in the manufacture of buggies and 
light wagons, being engaged in this up to 1876. 
when he was elected sheriff of Douglas county 
on the Democratic ticket. The cmmty was 
strongl}' Republican, but it did nut prevent his 
re-election in 1878. In 1886 he was elected to 
the house of representatives from the district 
compcised of Douglas, Coles and Cuml)erlan<l 
counties. He served on the military, penal, elec- 
tions, soldiers and or])lians' home committees. 
In 1881 Col. Taggart engaged in the furniture 
and undertaking Inisiness with A. L. Elkins, 
wlio has since died, his ])resent partner being 
Silas R. Williams. Tbeii' house is the largest 
of the kind in the county. 

On January 20, 1859, he was married to 
Miss Julia Skinner, of Hamilton. Ohio. To 
them ha\e been liorn seven children, of whtim 
three are living: Lizzie, wife of Andrew In- 
gram, of Tuscola: Susan, wife of H. C. Mor- 
ris, of the same place, and .Margaret, single 
and at home. Col. Taggart was a member of 
the city council several times and takes a deep 
iriterest in the welfare of the city, where he re- 
sides in one of the most pleasant homes in the 


Judge John D. Murdock, of Murdock, is 

a descendant of .Scotch-Irish ancestry. His 

grandfather, \\'illia.m Murdock, left the north 
of Ireland and came to this country previous, 
to the war of the Revolution, in which be took 
an active part. As far as is known, he was 
the lirst of the name in direct line who came 
to the new world. He settled in Monmouth 
county. New Jersey. (Charles Uhlera, nephew 
of Judge Murdock. has a complete genealogy 
of the MiU'docks in America.) John Mur- 
dock's father was l)orn in Monmouth county. 
New Jerse\', about the year 1775, and followed 
fanning, as did his father. At the age of 
about twentj'-one he emigrated to Butler coun- 
ly. Ohio. This was in the early part of the 

,,:>aiiK> -i-sji^^^ 


^^ 0m-* 




last century, and he was among the earliest 
settlers of that section. Here he married l-ie- 
becca Little, who was also descended from an 
old New Jersey famil}-. .She was the mother 
of John D. Murdoclc, of Murdock, who was 
born on June 15, 1816. Three years after his 
birth she was drowneil. The sad incident oc- 
curred in fording a small stream swollen by 


recent rains, while returning in a \vat;;<>n t(i dred and tliirtyacres nf land at eleven dollars an 
her home from Cinciiniati. acre, and removed liis family from Indiana the 
John 1). Murdock received his education in lollowing Ai)ril. A splil-lou house, too small 
a subscrii)tion scliool. ihc lirst tauti'ht hy a Dr for tlie accommodation of liis family, stood on 
Johnson, in the little town of Washington, the tr.-icl at the time of the purchase, so he 
W'avnc countw Indiana. It was here by close ])re]);nx'il a fr.-ime house in Indiana, hauled it 
attention to his studies he laid the foundation to 1 )ous;ias county and \nn it ujion tiic ]iremises 
for the education which afterw.-ird ser\ed as ready for llie rcccjition of his l.amily. I le lias 
a means of raising him to a position of intlu- owned over one thousand live hundred acres 
ence in the commmiitv. .After a residence of n\ land since his residence in Douglas county, 
about six years in Wayne county he, with his Among his neighbors in the Murdock settle- 
father, in 1827, removed to Tippecanoe conn- ment were James Brewer, Denis Daniels, 
ty, then ;i wild and unsettled region, lie was l'".i>hraim Drago, Anderson (amphell. and 
eleven years old at this time and grew to man- Isaac and Robert Carmack. jolm Jordon. and 
hood in this county. The life of the family was Uncle Hilly Timbrook. who came later. On 
that of pioneers. Here he developed those the organiz.ition of Douglas county Judge 
qualities of self-reliance which subse(|uently Alm'dock took an active interest in the project. 
entered into his success in life. In March sue- devoting both time and money. He was asso- 
ceeding his twenty-first birthday, he wedded ciate judge of the county for si.x years, and 
Miss Martha Morgan, whose ancestors were has held various township offices. He is .-)t 
of the early settlers of Tennes.see. Her father, present trustee and steward ot the .Methodist 
Venzant Morgan, removed from Tennessee Episcopal churcli. In 1837 he married Mar- 
to Ohio, and from Ohio to Tippecanoe county, tlia ]\Iorgan. of Indiana. She died February 
Mr. Murdock after his marriage removed to 8. 1891. Their children living are: Watson. 
a rented farm, his cash capital at this time a farmer and grain buyer; Xaiicy Jane, the 
consisting of $ij. he owning due horse and widow of .Sinclair Helm; Wilbur, residing on 
buying his farming implements on time. .A a farm adjoining Murdock; Mrs. Martha 
good crop crowned his labors of the first year Helm, of Tuscola, and Mrs. Lida Dewees, of 
and he was i)ut on a better footing for the Terre Haute. In i8<)_' he married for his sec- 
second vear. In foiir years he had accumu- 1 .iid wife Mrs. S.arah M. Hentley. «(■<■ Campbell, 
lated iiionev enough to purchase eighty acres the former wife ol Dr. .Morgan .\. IJentley, 
of l.ind. which he di<l in h^iuntain county. In- who dieil in K:iiikakee, May 3, i8(;o. He was 
dian.a. wln'ic Ik- renio\ed with his wife. He a gradu.ate of Jefl'erson Medical College, of 
gaine<l .1 iiiominent ]io.sition in the countv and riiilaileli)lii;i. .Mrs. .Murdock has two chi!- 
was chosen countv commissioner. ilren. now lixiiig. by her lirst husband: Nel- 
I11 Janu.-iry. 1854, he visited Illinois in lie. wife of Mr. \an Morgan, and \<ev. L. C. 
search ni land. He lirst came to Georgetown, lientley. who born in 1864, and was grad- 
X'ermilion county, thence by the way of Hick- uated from the Del'.iuw University, at Clreen- 
ory Gro\e to Camargo. He bought three liun- castle, lndian;i. in 1804, and from the Theo- 




logical Scniinarv of Boston, in 1895, and is tnwn, one year at Spartansliurg, all in Penn- 
niiw pastiir ni the First M. E. chnrch in Bra- sylvania. and one year at Caniargo, Illinois. 

After coming west he read law with the law 
firm of Eckhart & Moore at Tuscola, Illinois, 
afterward entering the law department of the 
W'esleyan Uni\ersity, located at Blooming- 
ton, Illinois, and was graduated in the class of 
'91. He returned to Tuscola in 1892, and was 
elected to the oflice of state's attorney, which 


J()hn H. C'hadwick, state's attr)rney of pusition he has held ever since. The first law- 
Douglas county, is a native of Washington suit he ever tried was as attorney for the state. 

county, Pennsylvania. Pie was reared on a 
farm seven miles south of Washington, the 
criuntv seat. He attended tlie ctiuntr\- scIimoIs 

He was united in marriage to Miss Ella 
Russell, of Chrisman, Illinois, in July, 1894. 
1diey h;i\-c two children. Perry Moreland and 
John Russell. 

Mr. ChacKvick is entirely self educated, 
having earned the money to obtain his educa- 
tion iiy working on a farm, selling hook-s anrl 
ma]is and teaching school. 1 le has keen a hard 
student ,'dl his life, and has obtained success by 
hard work and devotion to duty. As a public 
proscculoi- he has been \erv successful. In 
aiklition to his official duties he has a good 
ci\il ])ractice. 

until about fourteen \'ears of age, and then 
attended school at Washington for a short 
time. He also attended college at W^aynes- 
burg, and the State Normal school at Edin- 
l)oro, Pennsyhauia. He graduated from the 
latter institution in the class of 'SA and came 
west in the summer of 1887. Mr. Chadwick 
taught school for ten years, was one year prin- 
cipal at Miles Grove, two years at Dempsey- 


Israel ;\. Drake, one of Tuscola's retired 
farmers, was born in lUitlcr county, ( )liio, 
January 27,. 1834. and is a son of Nathan 
Drake, also a native of the same county. His 
mother was Sarah Gardner, a native of New 
Jersey. Nathan Drake emigrated from r)hio 
to Vigo cmuitv, Indiana, in about 1831, and 
in 1849 located in Coles (now Douglas) county, 
in Garrett townshiji. where he took up about 



tlirce liuiiilreil acres of lain! at a dollar and Nancy Garrett, sister of Calch and danj;liter 

l\ventv-ri\e cents an acre. lie resided iiere of Isoni (larritl. Tlic latter was anionj^j the 

for ahont twenty years, heconiini^- wealthy, very llrst wliiti' setilers in the tiiwnshi]> which 

prominent and highly respected, lie only re- hears his name and lie it was fnr wli'im it was 

cently retnrned lu \ ig" cimnty. and dicil in named. A Inll ancl cnmijlete skctt'li and 

Terre Haute, March J(J, iS(;9. in the eighty- piutiait of him will he fuuiid elsewhere. To 

seventh vear cif his life. I le was a mcniher of Mr. and .Mrs. 1 )rake have heen hurn three 

the ilaptist church. rni<l the first I'.aptist meet- children: j;isi)cr, wlm resides in Lincoln, and 

ing- held in the CdUnly was held at his Imuse. is a memher of the Masmiic ami Knights uf 

.-\fter the death of his hrst wife, \>\ whom I' fraternities; William, who li\es at 

he had five children, he was married to Rhuda 
La Forgee. 

Milw.'uikee, ami Mrs. Minnie Drake Tyler, 
will) is one id Tuscola's leading milliners. 
Mrs. Drake is a memher id' the Tuscula I'reshy- 
teriau church. Mr. Drake is a memher uf the 
Masonic fraternity, and his son William is one 
of the highest and hriglitest Masons in the 
state of Wisconsin, and is also a Knight ol 


W iliam lies, ,'i memher id' an nld and earlv 
settled family of Kentui-ky. and ;it jiresent one 
I if the most successful f.armers in I )i lUgias 
cminty, was horn at lies Mills, IJath county, 
Israel .\. Drake remained mi his father's Kentucky, Decemher _^ 1 . 1844. He is the son 

Butler countv farm until the age of sixteen, 
since which time he h;is resided 111 what is 
now kunwii as 'Luscula, with the e.\ce])tiiin nf 
twenty _\'ears in Decatur. Duuglas cminty. 
While in Decatur he ran the Drake lintel. 

of W illiain lies, ;i nati\e nf the same county. 
wliii was a smi nf Tlimn.'is lies, hnrn in Ches- 
ter cminty, l'enns\l\aiii;i. His gr.and father 
lies was a memher nf the old Kentucky militia 
and fought in many hattles against the Indians 

which he nwned. .\t ])resent he nwns one hun- in the vicinity of Brvant's I-'nrt. The lies ha\-e 

dred and fifty acres ai highly iin])rn\ed land heen tillers nf the snil hack tn Willi;nn lies' 

in (jarrett township ami a lieriutiful hmne in great-grandfather, wlm was a uati\e nf luig- 

Tuscola. land. His wife was .Mary lies. Mr. lies' 

In I1S54 he was united in iii;uriage to Miss mother was Miss (ane 11., a daughter nf Will- 



iam F. George, of Montgomery (now Bath) l) world far above the average man. He 
county, and was a native of Greenbrier county, i.s one of the most e.Ktensive stock raisers in the 
X'irginia. county, as well as one of the most public-spirit- 

William lies was reared in Bath county, ed of its citizens. For the past thirteen years 
and at his father's death, February 22. 1846, he has been president of the Douglas County 

Fair Association, filling this place with rare 
executive ability, and has been connected with 
ii: in one way or another ever since its organi- 
zation. He has held the office of supervisor 
of Camargo township several terms and was re- 
cently defeated for the same office by manipula- 
tions unworthy of the opposition. In politics 
he is a stanch Democrat, that kind of Democ- 
racy which Jefferson taught and which is being 
revised to-da)' \)\ William J. I'.ryan. 


lie was left an orphan at the early age Leonard J. W'veth was one of the ])ioneers 

of a little over one year. On account of the of Douglas county, and a man of varied busi- 
vvar, his educational advantages were limited ness interests, amassing a fortune of about 
and all the property belonging to the fanulv 
was swept away. His mother died in i<S84. 
In 1865 he came to Camargo townshi]i and 
bought a tract of land and resided in a log- 
cabin on the farm on which he now lives. At 
the present time he owns three hundred and 
si.xty-three acres in one tract and three Inindreil 
and forty in another. 

In 189 J he was married to Miss May 
Hammett, a daughter of the late James R. 
'Hammett, whose sketch is found on another 
page of this work. William lies is a worthy 
example of a self-made man. Commencing 
with nothing except his own indomitable en- 
ergy and courage, he has succeeded in the 



ihree liundred thcnisaiul dollars while a resident 
(if Diniglas c<iu!ity. Me was of W'clsli ances- 
try, and was horn in Wendell. I'ranklin connty. 
Massacluisctls, jannary \ 7,. iSjj, and died at 
his home at 'i'nscola. January 24. i8<;,S. He 
was a son of Xathan anil Hannah ( Kellog) 
W'yeth, natives of Massachusetts, and liis 
grandfather was dad W'yeth. In 1839 Mr. 
\\'yeth"s parents moved to Licking county, 
Ohio, and eight years later our suhject was 
united in marriage to Miss Melinda Xortli- 
way, a nati\e of tlie town of Sherman, Chau- 
tauqua county. Xew York, and a (hiughter of 
Samuel Hiram and Charlotte ( Seagers ) 
Northway. natives of Connecticut and Mas- 
sachusetts. resj)ectively. Se\'en children were 
the result of this marriage, three of whom at- 
tained the age of maturity: .Mrs. (ieorge Cal- 
laway: Mary, and Clarence L., whose death 
preceded his father's only a few months. 

The prosi)crity anil growth of the west 
attracted Mr. W'yeth, and in 1851 he came to 
Illinois and settled in Coles county. Here he 
resided until 1858 and then mo\ed to Douglas 
county, where he afterward resided. Building 
a small store room on Houghton street, just 
opposite the court house, he engaged in mer- 
chandising with .Merrill and ()li\er Hackett. 
That was the heginning of Mr. W'yeth's husi- 
ness career, a career which has scarcely a 
counterpart in the history of the county. The 
partnership with Merrill and Oliver Hackett 
was dissolved in 1859. and a new firm was 
formed with Thomas D. Craddock. of Charles- 
ton, which was continued until 1864. In 1859 
the firm erected a husiness room on the site 
now occupied hy Field's ])harmacy. This 
building was sold, and another and more com- 
modious structure was built <in the site imw oc- 

cupied hy the Conover building. In 1865 Mr. 
W'yeth flis])osed of his dry -goods store to W'. 
II. I. ami) and J. M. Maris. He then formed a 
]iartncrshi]) in the banking business with Jos. 
( i. ;uid \\'illiam 1 '. Canu( in under the firm name 
of W'yeth, Camion & Co. This firm remained 
in business until 1870, when the First Na- 
tional Bank was organized, Mr. W^yeth being 
one of the ]5romoters of the institution. He 
was a director from the organization of the 
1/ank imtil within a few weeks of his death. 
Jn October, 1872, when W'. P. Cannon retired 
from the ])resi(lency of the l'"irst National. Mr. 
W'yeth was elected to fill the vacancy, which 
he did until January, 1873. when H. T. Cara- 
way w;is elected. In 1875 Mr. W'yeth bought 
the Carrelt farm of eight hnmlred acres in 
(iarretl townshi]). lie im i\ed on that farm 
in 1873, biU n-turried to the city in the fall of 
1878, taking up his residence in the house on 
East Scott street which was ;iftcrward his 
home. -\t one time he li\cd in a house that 
\v;;s erected on the site of the W'amsley gro- 
cery store. Later he built a residence just 
east of the M. E. church, which he sold to the 
late Thomas E. Macoughtry. Mr. W'yeth 
also built the house now occupied by Farmer 

Mr. W'yeth was the largest ])ro])erty holder 
in Douglas countv. lie amassed a fortune of 
$300,000, represented by three thousanil acres 
of land located in this county, $50,000 in bank 
slock, $7,000 to $8000 in gox'crnment bonds, 
besides personal property. In 1893, during a 
severe attack of illness, Mr. Wyeth made a 
di\-ision of his wealth, disposing of the greater 
]iarl of his ]iroi)erty. The will that was exe- 
cuted at that time was re\-oked. The latter 
l>art of December. i8(;7. Mr. W'yeth made a 



new division of liis property. Tlie division 
was a1)ont equal lietween his daughter, Mrs. 
George Callaway, and daughter-in-law, Mrs. 
Lizzie \\'yeth. He executed deeds to them 
convening what property he had allotted to each 
one. ■ To Dr. Callaway he transferred his one 
hundred and ninety shares of stock in the 
First National Bank. This will which was ex- 
ecuted at this time bequeaths only the prop- 
erty which his wife was to have, consisting of 
the homestead, seven or eight thousand dol- 
lars in government bonds, and his bank account 
and other personal property. All this property 
was given to her absolutely without any re- 
striction whatever. Mr. W'voth has four 
I)rothers and one sister living, Samuel, Albert 
and Thomas, of Coles county. Joseph S., of 
Garrett, and Mrs. Cofer, of .\rcola. This 
town at that time welcomed every newcomer. 
Mr. \\'veth, at the very start of his business 
life, was as bold in his purpose as in form were 
the hills on his father's farm in the state of 
Massachusetts. Success in honorable business 
was the end he sought, and that end was at- 
tained l)y wise foresight, just means, unflag- 
ging endeavor and unimpeachable character. 
Out of respect to Mr. W'yeth, all of the business 
houses were closed during tlie hmu- of his 


James Morrow, one of the well-known cit- 
izens of Newman, and who has led an active 
and successful business life, was born in Brown 
county, Ohio, November 3, 1832, and is de- 
scended from English and Irish progenitors. 

lie is a son of James and Levina (Drake) 
Morrow, who were nati\'es of Brown county, 
(3hio. His grandfather and grandmother on 
his father's side were born in Ireland, and mar- 
ried in Brown county, Ohio. His maternal 
grandfather and grandmother (tlie latter Miss 
W'eatherspoon) were respectively born in Eng- 
land and America. James Morrow remained 
on a farm in Brown county until he had arrived 
at the age of twenty years, during which tiiue 
he attended schonls three months free and three 

months paid fur. In 1852 he migrated to 
Montgomery cuunty, Indiana, and here for 
some time worked as a common day laborer. 
In 1854 he came to Illinois, locating in Cham- 
paign county, where he bought and located on 
eighty acres of land two miles south of 
Urbana, where he remained for about four 
years. He then removed to Edgar county, and 
bought and located on a farm four miles east 
of Newman, where he resided up to i8()2. In 
that year he enlisted in Company E, Twelfth 
Illinois Infantrv, and lacked but a few days 



of lieiii;^ in ;icli\c scrxicc three years. He 
servetl as a private ami lirsl belonged to the 
left wiiii;- of the .'sixteenth Army Corps until 
after the Atlant.i eanipai.L;n, when he was 
IransfeiMed to the i-"ifteenth Army Corps un<ler 
(ien. i.oijan. .Mr. Morrow' was never wnumled 
or siek in all of his acti\e service din'int;- the 
war. .\fler the final surrender he returned to 
the farm and in 1S75 came to NewMiian. since 
which time he has heen numhered among her 
best citizens. In i}^94 he rented out his farms 
and since that time has lieen practically retired 
from business cares. Mr. IMarrow owns tw(j 
lumdred and t'orty acres of land in Edgar 
county and six acres within the corporation 
of Xewni.'m. Mrs. Marrow, his wife, owns 
four luunlred and ninety-six acres of land in 
Illinois, one hundred and twenty-six acres one 
and a half miles east of Newman, hfty acres 
near the corporation line oi Newman, and one 
lialf-section in I'^dgar county. 

Mr. Marrow has heen twice married, the 
first time to Miss Lawhead, in i860, .\fler 
her de.ath he married his present wife, Rachel 
i'"isher. who was born in Indiana, a daughter of 
Daniel h'isher, who followed farming, and 
dietl in Chami)aign county. To liis first mar- 
riage he has three children living, and by his 
second wife he has one child, (jeorge, who re- 
sides in I'.urlington, X'ermont, and is superin- 
tendent of the anti-liipior league of Vermont, 
'{"he other children are: 11. 1... W. I!, and 
ICdgar 1). .Mr. ;ind Mrs. .Marrow .are con- 
sistent members of the ('nmberland I'reshy- 
terian church, lie i> a public-spirited citizen, 
is ]>lain and nn.issuming, yet dignified in ap- 
l)ear;mce, anil has won a competency and an 
honorable position by honesty, correct business 
methods, and a due reard for his fellowmen. 

W II. 1. 1AM I'. .MCKl'IIN'. 

William I". .Mni'iiby, one of the wealthy 
retired citizens of Tuscol;i, was born in ( )hio, 
j.niu.ary c;, 1 S_> 1 . IHs great-great-grandfather 
came from liel.iud and settled in Maryland, 
in which slate his f;itlier, Wilson Mur]jhy. was 
born in 1787: he sei"ved as a soldier in the war 
of iSij. In 1S15. with his wife, who was 
.\ancv Slangblei', he remo\eil to Ross county, 
( )lno. 

W 1*". Murphv was reared <in the 
f;irm and .atlended school about two months in 

the year, i-emaining on his f;i(her"s f;irm until 
he hail .arri\ed at age, when he worked on the 
farm ;il six doll;n-s ;md twentydue cents to 
lifteeu dollai's i>er nioiuh. mid in 1 S39 came 
to Illinois, snbsei|uentl\- \isiting in Douglas 
county, then ;i jiart of Coles, lie was favor- 
;ibl\' impi-essed with the country and deter- 
mined to settle here. Therefore he returned in 
1847 '""' began life here with two hundred 
dollars in munc)', a wagon and three horses. 



He seized the first fa\iiral)le iipportunity to get 
possession of land and in July, 1850, bouglit 
one hniiilred and sixty acres of school land 
and about eiglity acres of tiniher in Sargent 
t ownshi]), paving for -it six hundred and forty 
dollars. Since that time he has l)een dealing 
extensixely in real estate and is at jjresent one 
of the wealthiest men in this county. For 
many years he was engaged in hanking at 
Xewman, succeeding Z. S. Pratt. He now 
owns ahout one thousand fnur hundred acres 
of valuahle land in the connty, and three hun- 
dred and thirt}'-hve acres in Jasper county, 

Pie has been thre^ times married : First 
to Miss .Vdel'a H. Sm'th, a nat'\e of Ken- 
tucky, tir's marr^a^-e occurring January 15. 
1845. Jl^s second wife was Miss Rebecca J. 
Maddox, of Ohio. .Vfter her death he 
ried Miss Julia I'age, o'f New N'ork, who is a 
lad)- o! fine literaiy accoinprshinents and pruui- 
inent in church wi rk. In iSyi he reiumed to 
Tuscola, where he and his wife resitle in one 
of the city's nmst beautiful residences, sur- 
riiunded by ;dl the cond'i rts of life. The oidv 
ol'flces Mr. Murphy has ever held were town- 
ship su]jer\;sor, and trustee a[)pointed by the 
governor to build the asylum for the insane at 

William F. Murphy has throughout his life 
been a shrewd Inisiness man, and his success 
has been the result of his own efforts. During 
the Ci\ il war he largely assisted in filling the 
quota ot his township under President Lin- 
coln's different calls for troops. His life has 
l)een one of action and his accumulations of 
this wcirld's goods have been the result of econ- 
om\' and close attention, to business. 


James Richard Hammett was descended 
from Irish ancestry, his grandfather, Richard 
Hammett, having been a native of County 
Cork, Ireland. Here the llamnietts resided for 
a long period of time. Richard Hammett, as 
tar as known, h;id live children, four sons and 
one daughter, ;dl of whom at different periods 
emigrated to .\merica. 

John, the father of James R. Hammett, was 
the first to come. He came to this country 

when ;i yoinig man ;uid settled in Montgomery 
County, X'irginia, and there marrietl Diana 
dardner, a native of the Old Dominion and of 
Irish descent. The three younger l:)rothers 
came to America at ;i later periixl and likewise 
settled in Virginia. One of them, William 
Hammett, l)ecame a Methodist preacher and 
about 1835 he returned to his old home in Ire- 
land, where his labors as an evangelist at- 



traded lar^e crowds of penpk-. He resumed 
preacliiiij;' on liis return to America and settled 
in Mississippi. Su1)se(|uently he was elected 
to congress from the X'ickshurg district and 
after leaving congress he continued to preach. 
.\s an orator he was of a high order, (^f the 
other hrothers, Richard Ilammett was a man 
of great energy and versatile talents. The 
greater part of his life after his arrival in 
.\merica was spent in Mississi]>])i. where he 
was a prominent ])olitician and h iv a time editi ir 
of the N'ickshnrg Whig. 

Douglas county liad perhaps few men who 
have lived on its prairie soil for three score and 
lour years, anil whose lal)ors have contrihuted 
so largely to the develo])ment c)f its rescnirces 
and whose life has been more upright and ex- 
emplary than the late James R. Hammett, who 
was horn in .Muntgomery county. \'irginia, 
January i, 182O, and who died August 11. 
1896. in the seventy-first year of his age. His 
parents removed from \irginia to Bourlion 
countv. Kentucky, and in the fall of 1830 came 
to Illinois, halting at sunset one evening almost 
on the spot where he spent si.xty-four years of 
iiis life. The farm consisted of eight hundred 
acres lying inst north of Camargo, which was 
then in Park county, the ncjrthern limits of 
\v hich at that time extended to Wisconsin. The 
hardshi])S of the early pioneer only served to 
call forth all the encrgv and enterprise of Mr. 
Ilannnett. and his success was due to his un- 
tiring industrv and linancia! ability, which 
placed him among the leading financiers of this 

In 1854 Mr. Ilammett was married to Miss 
barah C. Watson, who was born in Fountain 
county, Indiana. July 4, 1830, a daughter of 
William D. and Mary (Low) Watson. Her 

lather liDrn in the neighbi prlii m nl nf \'in- 
cennes and her mi>iher in Madisim. 'Id lames 
k. Ihnnmelt .and wife were born ten children, 
liiui' III wliMiii are m iw living: Mrs. William 
lies, of C armargo; !•". W., cashier nf the [-"irst 
-X'ational r'.;mk of Tnsc(il;i; Rich.ard and Rny, 
both fru'nicrs nf (.'armargu. i'dliticaliy. Mr. 
Ilammett e.irly ;ittached himself to the Whig 
paity. ;md npnu the birth of ibe Republican 
party, inheriting his father's ilishke of slaverv, 
he bec.iiue connected with that party and very 
generally su])])orted its candidates, as he gave 
an enthusiastic .adherence to its principles. 

.Mr. ll;immelt was coimecled with the de- 
velopment of the railroads in this county and 
look an active part in the bulding of the Illi- 
nois Central Raihv.iy. lie visited Sjjringiield 
;md was inlluential in I'btaining the charter 
from the Legislature. In the original l)ill 
granting charter rights he was named as one of 
the incorporators .and subsequently became a 
membei' ot the board nf directors, lie was re- 
elected several times .and tilled the ofifice for 
twelve years. W hen the First Xat'oual Piank 
was organized, in 1870, he became a stock- 
holder and in ^Sjt, was elected director, filling 
this place until the time nf his death. He was 
one of the ablest financiers of the county and 
w;ts worth .about one hundred and fiftv thou- 
sand dolLirs. owning aboiu two thnus.and acres 
of Land. .\li'. ll.ammett wris not a UK-mber of 
any church, but |ir,icticed I'hristi.anity in his 
every-day life. It is not to be wondered that 
the pe(Ji)le revered him, because his syiup.ithetic 
and generous heart was always responsive to 
everv touch of distress and he ever ready 
to extend a helping h.ind to his fellow man 
It may well he said of him that he has made 
the world better by having lived, and his life is 



;; true illustralii m uf the fact that tlie hue uf 
duty is alike the i)ath of safety aud the way of 


William Thomas Summers, of Newman, 
eame from .Sangamon county, Illinois, to New- 
man township in 1S77. and located <in a farm 
>e\en miles northwest of the village. He was 
Ixirn near Augusta, llracken C(iunty. Kentucky, 

May 15, 1845, and is a son of Lewis and Eliz- 
abeth (Threlkeld) Summers, who were na- 
tixes of the same count)-, both heing members 
of pioneer families of that secti(_)n. His grand- 
lather, Thomas Summers, was a native of Vir- 
ginia, and was a soldier in the Mexican war. 
W. 1". Summers was reared in Kentucky 
and came to Sangamon county. Illinois, when a 
small boy. With the exceiition oi two years, 
during which time lie was associateil in busi- 

ness with James Barr, of Newman, he has al- 
ways been engaged in farming. 

In 1S65 our subject was wedded to Miss 
\'irginia C. W'oltz. a daughter oi John and 
Svdney ( Ihdbert ) W'oltz, natives of Virginia. 
Mr. Summers and wife have no children. He 
is a member and one of the organizers of the 
Christian Scientist church of Newman, and 
is a firm believer in its principles. Mr. Sum 
mers has just completed a fine residence in 
Newman at a cost of over five thmisand dollars, 
and it ranks with the most elegant homes in the 
county. He owns three hundred and twenty- 
six acres of land, two hundred and six acres' 
lying southwest of Newman and one hundred 
and twenty acres one mile and a half north- 
\^"est. He is a member of the 1. O. O. F. and 
Masonic fraternities. Mr. Summers has, ever 
since his residence in Douglas county, been 
identified with the county's best interests, 
progress and development, and ranks among its 
best and most progressive men. 


; Moses S. Smith, the genial and talented 
editor of the Newman Independent, was born 
July 19, 1869. a son of George W. Smith, and 
was raised at Newman, the place of his liirth. 
In 1887 he and his brother. A. ]!.. who ha<l lieen 
connected with the mechanical department of 
the Independent, purchased the paper, suc- 
ceeding C. V. Walls, who removed to .\rcola, 
where he edited the Areola Record for a time. • 
It has now been twenty-six years since the first 
copy of the Newman Independent was issued. 

■ 56 


DuriiiiT all these years the Independent has 
tried to olinmicle all the events of interest 
transpiring in the town and vicinity, as welt 
as a synoi)sis of those occurrences in adjoining 

towns, 'the state and nation. It has striven t(j 
re])resent the liest interests of the community 
and assist as much as possible towards build- 
ing up tlie town. The efforts of Mr. .Smith 
have not been in vain, proof of which is the 
large and increasing circulation of the ])aper. 
1 he i)a])cr has grown from a ])un\' infant to 
strong and well developed manhood, owing 
largely U) the generous patronage given it by 
the progressi\e business men of the town and 
county. The Newman Independent was first 
instituted in .\pril, 1873. l)y Cicero V. Walls. 
He experimentally C(jnducted it for six months 
and then susjiended it for a year, when he re- 
sumed its ])ublicat:on. In 1SCS2-83 the paper 
was leased to Carl II. I'hier for al)out a year, 
during Mr. Wall's absence from .Vewman. On 
his return he again assumed control with John 
W. King, who was postmaster at the. time, as 

assistant editor. In 18S4 be again leased it 
to .\. B. Smith, his foreman, while he went to 
I'aris ;md took charge of the Paris IJeacon. 
M. S. Smith, since be has succeeded to the en- 
tire control of the ]iaper. has adiled ni.itfrially 
l> its mechanical completeness 1 y tlu- inuibase 
oi t\\i» new jol) i)resscs. also a new four horse 
power gasoline engine, and on April 1. i<;oo. 
the ])a])er came out in .an entile new dress, and 
is now one of the cleanest and new>iest local 
newspai)ers in Illinois. 

Mr. Smith was united in nnrriage I ) 
Miss Isahelle Root, a diuigbter "\ I). O. 
Root, of Xewnian. They have two cb'Idren, 
Hughes Ijlake and Harriet I'^lizabeth. Mose 
Smith, as he is generally known by his friends, 
is one of the most accommodating and agree- 
able gentlemen found in thj county, and in 
business is an all-round bustler. 


W inh<.'ld .Scott Reed, a jiioniinenl and in- 
telligent larnier of Areola township, was born 
in I'nion county. Indiana. .M;i\- 1 :;. 1S31. and 
is a .son of John T. Reed. The latter was a na 
tivc of Butler county, ( )bio. and emigrated to 
iJouglas county and settled in Tuscola townshii" 
ir. iSO.j. lie moved to .\rcola townshi]) in 
iS()7 and there resided u]) to bis death, which 
occurred in March. i8<;i, in the seventy-lirst 
year (if bis age. I lis wife was .\nn Walters, 
who w.'is born in l.anc;;^ter count v. l'enns\-l- 
\ania, in iSjf.. and moved with her p.irents to 
Butler county. Ohio, in 1836; she is now in 
the seventy-fourth year of her age. John T, 



Reed was a renter when he first came to the I'ennsylvania. Her father died in 1872, aged 
count}-, hut in iS^j he hmiglit tlie farm where seventy-eiglit years. He was in the war of 
liis son, W. S. Reed, now resides. He was .1 i8ij. His father. Henry Watson, came from 


England. Mr. Reed is a memher of t1ie Ma- 

sonic fraternity, Cmn-l nf Honor and 

tailor liy trade, hut (|uit that and went to farm- 
ing. W. S. Reed owns one-half of the old 
homestead farm, which contains one hundred 
and twenty-two and a half acres. He has heen 
a successful farmer, ])rogressive in his ideas, 
and owns a heautifiil home. 

Fehruary 24. 1N75, he was married to Miss 
Nellie Watson, a daughter of Thomas Watson, 
of Clark county. They have three children : 
(Jilie, wife of .\. Wright; Dora M. and John 
(J. Thomas Watson was a natixe of Frederick 
county, Virginia, where he was l)orn in Octo- 
lier, \/i)4. and was married to Susanna Thom- 
as, in 1824. To them were horn two sons and 
one daughter. Mis wife flicd in 1832, and he 
was married the second time, in 1834, and rcr 
moved to Ohio in 1837, residing in Fairfield 
county until October. 1854, when he came to 
Illinois. Mrs. Reed's mother was Nancv 
Franklin, who was horn near Greencastle, 


' Lemuel Chandler, of Bourbon, is one of the 
oldest and most iuu\-ersally respected citizens 
in the comity. He was born within three miles 
ol Cynthiana. Harrison county. Keiiluckv, 
-August 30, 1824, a son of Israel an<l l.vdia 
((irewein Chandler, who were born in the 
' I'.lue Crass" regions of Kentucky. Israel 
Chandler emigrated from Kentuckv to Cler- 



•^^ ^^. 






^^^^^^^^ .- / 

mont Count}- in 1831 and remaiiied there seven 
}-ears, when he came to Douglas county and 
located in Bourbon township, settling on wliat 



is now known as tlic olil C'lianillcr lumu'stfad, 
upon wliii-li William ('liamllei" now rcsitlcs 
(see his sketch ). John ("iiantller (jirand- 
I'ather), a (Jnaker in his relij^ious l)elief, cnii 
s^raled from (,'hester connty, I 'ennsyhania. to 
Kenluck\- and settled in llarrison eounty in 
ahout the year 1791, the _\ear precedins;- l\en- 
tuek\'s admission into the iniion. Joiin (ire- 
well (maternal L^randt'ather ) married a Miss 
Tenii)le, a nati\e of Delaware, and settled near 
the ("handlers in Kentucky. 

Lemuel ("handler was reared to manhood 

in the neii;hhorh 1 in whieh he has always 

resided. l'"or that da\' he reeeixed ;i \er_\' tii'ood 
e<lue.ation, attended the Paris Academy and 
later taught school iu the iioiu'Ijon uci.t^hhor- 
hood. I le has never l)ecn an aspirant for t>flice, 
in the usual acce]italion of that term, hut he 
has helil the ollice of supervisor of his town- 

In 1S41) he was tmited in niarriasre to Mrs. 
Prudence W. I'.acou. a n.itixe of Ham])sliire 
countv, \ irt;ini;i. and a daui^hter ol Rcihert 
;md I'dizahcth P.eavers. the former horn in the 
state of New Jersey, and the latter in Baltimore, 
i^Iaryland. To Mr. and Mrs. Chandler have 
heen horti six children: John, who is a larmei' 
and resides in Pourhon township; William, 
whose sketch is found elsewhere; Beatrice, wife 
of Dell llenr\-. of llastinys. Neliraska; Pydia 
Belle: (iertrude. wife of Clifford Jones, who re- 
sifles in the t'dt^e of the \illa<;e of Bourhon ; 
and ICrncst AI. ("hrmdier. in the li\c stock coin- 
mission business at I'eoria. Illinois. Mr. 
Chandler is a member and deacon of tlie I'aptist 
clun-ch. of \\ hicli church his wi fe is alsi > a mem- 
ber. Mr. (."h.andler owns iwn hundi-ed and 
sixtv acres of land in .\rcola lownshii) ami h\e 
juuidred and lorly in Bourbon township. 

O. V. M VERS. 

(). \'. Myers, a Ljiain huNcr at Mc("own's 
."^t.ation. .and one of the wheel horses of the 
Douglas county Democracy, was born in \'a\- 
gar county, Illinois, March 13, iSd^. He is a 
son ot Willirun Mvers, wlio was a native of 
Kentucky and who became an earlv settler of 
I'.dgar couiny. His mother was Eliza Size- 
more. ;i daughter of Martin Sizenmre. who 
w;is also born in Kdgar county. 

Mr, Myers grew u]) on the farm .and re- 
ceixed tlie .advantages of a good common school 
education, ami also .attended the high school 
at P.aris. l'"or the i);is( leu years he li\ed 
on his f.arm of oue hundred .and lwent\' acres, 
about one mile and a h.alf cast of N^ewinan. 
llis firm h.andles about one hundred am! fifty 
thous.and bushels of grain annn.alh'. In the re- 
ceiU Denioer.atic ]ii"iui,ar\- of Duuglas counlv he 
iecei\ed the endorsement for state sen.ator of 
the district composed of l)(iugl,as. Coles and 
.Shelby counties. In iNyX he was the Demo- 



cratic nominee for the office of county treas- 
urer of Douglas county. On March 4, iSS'i, 
he was wedded to Miss Alice Estes, of Edgar 
county. They have seven children : Edna. 
Harry, Don, Charlie, Laura, Edwin and Nellie. 

David Meyers (grandfather) was a native 
of Kentucky. Our suhject's maternal grand- 
father, Martin Sizemore, was a North Caro- 
linian bv birth and served in the Black Hawk 
and Mexican wars. 

O. V. Myers is a young man of gudd ability, 
and there is little doulit slmulil he be elected to 
re])resent this senatorial district that the best 
interests of the people will be carefully and 
ably looked after. 


John Lowry, one of the promising young 
l-'Usiness men of Fairland, where he has been 
e.xtensively engaged in buying grain since 1896, 
was born in the county of Tipperary, Ireland, 
in 1858, a son of John and Margaret (Nolan) 
Lowry, who were born in the same county. 
His father settled in Champaign county on a 
farm in the vicinity of Fairland in 1871, and 
was engaged in farming up to the time <>f his 
death, in 1874. 

John Lowry was reared and educated in the 
country anil was engaged in farming up to the 
time he became engaged in his present business, 
then becoming a member (if the firm of Lowry 
& Hanson. They buy on an average about five 
hundred thousand bushels of corn and oats an- 
nually. He is now building a new elevator and 
niaking other improvements in connection with 
his business. 

In 1887 our subject was married to Miss 
Nelly Ryan, a native of Will county, Illinois. 
They have five children : Maggie, George, 
Kittie, Maud and Paul. Mr. Lowry's business 
interests at Fairland are gradually extending, 
and he is Ijecoming to be recognized as one of 

the \illage's most successful business men. He 
owns one hundred and si.xty acres of land two 
miles and a quarter north of town, one hundred 
and sixty acres in Edwards county, Kansas, 
and se\-eral houses in the village. He is public 
spirited and generally lends a heljiing hand to 
any cause or enterprise which is intended to 
add to the material, moral and social interests 
of Fairland. 


James W. Hancock, editor .and founder of 
the New'man Record, was born in Champaign 
county, Ohio, August iS, i83(). The family 
from which he is descended is of English (^"i- 



.qiii and fur many years rcsideil in I'alrick 
county. \ irt^inia. His <;ran(l!atlicr. .Majnr 
Hancock. was hum in tliis county in March. 
1792. lie married .Mrs. Eliza1)eth Adams, 
wliose maiden n;inie was l-'usnn, also a nali\c 
of I'alrick county. Directly after their mar- 
riage, in 1X12, tliey emigrated to Ohio and .set- 
tled in Champaign county. Their journey from 
\'irgini;i was made on Imrsehack. ,'ind when 
thev :irrived they fnund theniseUcs pioneers 
in the wilderness. 

< )nr suliject's father. Willirnu Hancock, was 
li(irn in ( )hio. h'ehruary 10. 1S19. and s])ent the 
e.arly ]iarl i<\ liis life in that state, lie grew in 
nianhi""l en) the farm, attending schiml ])art of 
the time, mid at the age of nineteen years and 
seven months he was married to Susanna Slier, 
who was Ixirn in Ohin, hut helonged to a \ ir- 
ginia fann'Iy. llis ni.irriage occurred Septem- 
her \C>. \^^>^. ami sdim afterward he emigraleil 
to Illinois, coming to the neighliorhood of 
Brush}- l'"cirk. where he rented land of a Mr. 
Ci)tTey. In 1.^43 he entered forty acres of land the Pleasrml (irove church, and a sh")rt 
time afterward honght an additional forty 
acres, lie reni.ained on this land until 1S45 
and tlien rented a farm a mile west of New- 
man, where he resided for two years. Alter 
occu])ying t'ol. llo])kins" f;irm. southwest of 
Newman, he, in i^4<.j. hought of the govern- 
ment eighty acres and removed onto the land in 
I )eceniher, \i^~,o. Tracts he added Later com- 
]irised se\eral hundrecl acres. I le died in 
i8(j2. He was in politics a Whig and later a 
l\e])ul)lican, and was a delegate to the conven- 
tion whicli noniinated ( iov. Ogleshy. He was 
Ih-st elected justice of the peace at Caniargo in 
1S47. He was a memher of the iii'sl ho.ard of 
Count v officers for Douglas cyunty, ;md filled 
the ol'hces of treasurer and assessor. On the 
eslahlishmcnl of the state hoard for the (-(luali- 
zation of assessments, in iSfi". he was ai)point- 
ed a memher from the ninth congressional dis- 
trict, composed of the counties of Coles, Doug- 
Las, Champ.aign. X'ermilion, IriKpioisand hord. 
In )868 he was elected hy the people in the s.ame 
district to the s.ame office for a term of four 
X'cars. Cornelius Slier, father ol Sus.anna 
Slier, was a soldier in the war of iXij .and was 
for li\e vears in the regular army, lie was 
reare<l near r.altimore. Major 1 lancock, aho\'e 
mentioned. w;is a minister in the .\ew Light 
I church. 

lames W. Il.anrock attended the ordinary 
schools in the neigiihorhood of llrushy I'ork. 
residing with his t'ather on the farm. lie fol- 
lowed farming and teaching school up to the 
lime he located in Xewnian in 18O1. and f n >m 
iS74 to 1 871) was cashier of the Xewni;in ll.ank. 
He was m.arried A])ril <). i860, to Miss Amy 
.Shute, and to their ni;irri;ige have heen horn 
si.\ children; William L., Lnlu 1-".. Isaac L., 



James P., Howard L. and Everett H. Mr. 
Hancock .in 1896, founded tlic Newman Rec- 
ord, ;in independent new si)ai)er. which has a 
circidation (d' ahmit six hundred, h'rom 1S93 
to iX(j(> he served as police mat^'istrate of New- 
man. He owns two Imndred acres of land in 
Newman townshi]3, besides town property. On 
Decemlier 4, 1898, he. in cnn jnnctiun witli \\^ 
'['. Summers, W. D. Ch il(hn;in, S. C. Hicks 
and Mes(himes Goldman, MoHitl and Vance, 
oro;anized the First church of Christ, Scientist, 
of Newman, Illinois. 


lohn Hawkins, another of the Hawkins 
brothers, and an cx-snldicr of the Civil war, 
residino- in the town of Newman, is a native of 

In 1859 he was united in marriage to Miss 
I va, a daughter of Cornelius Hopkins, who was 
one (d' the earliest settlers of Newman town- 
shij). To their marriage were born twche chil- 
dren, of whom but seven survive, viz. : 
Marion; Cora j\nn, who is the wife of Samuel 
Johnson, of West Ridge; Emma Alice; Rosetta 
Estella; Ida Lncretia ; Wiley Sherman and 
Harrison Svhester. In 1862 Mr. Hawkins 
v<ilunteered in the same comjaany in Newman 
as his brother, Sanmel, but he did not meet the 
same fate at the first day's battle as did his 
brother Samuel at Chickamauga. In all he was 
out three years and has scarcely seen a well day 
since. Mr. Plawkins' wife died December 30, 
1899, in the fifty-seventh year of her age, and 
in the fall of 1894 he removed from the farm to 
Newman. His wife \\'as a daughter of Cor- 
nelius Hopkins, who was born May 10, 1S18, 
and who wedded Rachel F. Albin; both are 
buried at the Wesley Chapel. Two of his S(ins, 
Jeremiah and George, were soldiers in the war 
of the Rebellion. 


of Samuel 

county, ( 
30, 1828 
and J. M 

( for ; 

w 11 ere 
nicest 1 


Clarence L. \\'yetli, the only son of Mr. and 
Mrs. L. J. Wveth, was born in Tuscola July 2y, 
1860, and died September 7, 1893. His boy- 
hood davs were passed in this city and on his 
father's farm he developed into manhood. In 
1882 he was united in marriage to Miss Lizzie 
Atwcll, of Atwood. Seven children were the 
he was born result of this union, who together with the wife 
•y see sketches liave .suffered such an irreparable loss. 

Mr. Wveth was one of the best financial 

1 1 



iiKiiKi^crs in llic ciuinly. I Ir ])iissc'SS(.'il remark- 
alilc liusiness sagacity and his ijreal luaiii I'ihtc 
wiiiild lia\i' lii'cii k'll ni cuninKTcial centers liad 

he been thmwn anmnt;- llic fi >renKist financiers 
of the country. .\t the tinu' <>[ liis death he was 
probably worth mic hnn<hcd thousand dollars, 
and the future witli all nf its possibilities and 
opportunities was before him. 

cidents which marked the early Imntier lite, 
when the i)resent (dninii inw eallh id Kentucky 
fiirnied a cnunlx' of Xiri^inia. lie was l.iorn in 
\ irgini.i, and about the breakin^^ out oi the 
Rexiilulii mars- war resided in Kentucky. The 
maiden name id his second wile was Sarah 
l)r\anl. ^he beinj^' a member nf the family 
which i^axe the name tn the fort known as 
I5r}'ant's .Station, celebrated in the annals of 
the earl\- histiJiv uf Kentucky, ('harles I'iice 
took part with l)aniel lloone in the ad\entures 
w liich ha\e ukkIc histi >rii' I lie In mie i d' the earlv 
pioneers. He bought of llcinne a tract of land 
in what is now Fayette county, and settled 
there. T^.oone subsequently lust nearly all of his 
e.'-tates in Kentucky thniugh his carelessness in 
neglecting to record anil prove his title, and 
among the tracts which ch.anged ownership in 
consef|uence was the une occujiied by Charles 
Rice. One thousand and six Inmdred acres 


Martin Rice, who was. up to the time of hi> 
death, in if^H^, prominently identified with the 
interests and growth (d' the count}', caiue to 
Illinois in 1849, and to what is now Camargo 
township in 1853. He was descended from old 
Virginia and Kentucky families, and his grand- 
father, Charles Rice, was a ])iijneer in the were subse(|uentl\' cnntirmed to Boone, and of 
wilderness of Kentucky, a companion of Daniel tliis, in Cdiiiijensatinn fur his loss, he gave Rice 
Boone, and a particip;ml in the rdmrmtic in- ;i purtiun lying within the presents limits of 



Madison county, and here Charles Rice lived 
to the close of liis eventful life. He had borne 
the hardshijjs and dangers of frontier life, had 
heen through tlie memorable siege of Bryant's 
Station, and taken part in many other conflicts 
with the Indians of that tlay. 

Martin Rice was born in Madison county, 
Kentucky, July 28, 1822. He was brought 
up on his father's farm, wliere he remained 
until after reaching his majority. He at- 
tended sulfscription school, which was of tlic 
rudest character, but he diligently improved 
his time and formed the foundation for a sound, 
practical business education. In the summer 
he spent the time working on the farm, and on 
No\ember 16, 1843, '^^ married Mary Ann 
Adams, wlm was a native of the same town in 
Kentucky. y\fter his marriage Mr. Rice tixik 
up his residence on a farm belonging to his 
father, where he lived for about four years. 
when he removed to Illinois. This was in Ni)- 
vemjaer, 1849. He settled in Coles county, 
nine miles cast of Charleston, lie purchased 
one hundred and sixty acres of land, upon 
which he lived for four years. He found this 
tract tiMi smrdl to suit the ]ilans according to 
which he ])roposed to carr\- on agricultural 
operations, so in the fall of 1853 he disposed 
01 his laml in Coles county and removed farther 
north. The jtlace in whicli lie settled is now 
the home of his son, luigene. Land here was 
cheaper, the location better and the soil richer 
than on his former farm. The neighborhood 
had but few residences. There were some set- 
tlements in the ncigiiborhood of Camargo, but 
with one exception no impro\enicnt had been 
made for eight miles west until the timber 
bordering on the Okaw was reached. As the 
country settled up Mr. Rice became recog- 

nized as one of the leaders in the community. 
He was deeply interested in the formation of 
Douglas county, and did all in his power to 
make the measure a success, there l.ieing con- 
siderable opposition at the time in some sections 
in Coles county, from which the territory was 
taken. After the. new county was organized 
he was a member of the first political conven- 
tion ever .held in it. The convention, which 
placed in nomination the candidates chosen as 
the first board of county officers, was held in 
<i temporary board shanty on the farm of Col. 
McCarty, two and a half miles east of Tuscola. 
The men composing the ticket were nominated 
and elected irrespective of party. lu 1869, the 
second year after the township organizations 
were effected, Mr. K'ice was elected the first .su- 
pervisor of Camargo township, and re-elected 
i;i 1873, 1874 and 1875. He also took a deep 
interest in the cause of the common schools. 
In the early day he was a \\'hig in politics, and 
cast his first vote for Henry Clav, and later be- 
came a Republican. His first wife died in 
1S69. His second marriage occurred October 
25, 1871, to Mary Jane Caraway, a native of 
Virginia, and whose father's family came to 
Vermilion count}' f rf mi that state in 1834. Of 
his si.x children, three are living: Eugene, 
Josephine (now Mrs. Goff, of Tuscola), and 
Martin, who resides on part of the old home- 
stead in Camargo township. 


R. R. Thompson, one of the most hospit- 
able and clever gentlemen in the county, was 
born in Edgar county, Illinois, May 22, 1837, 



and is a son nf Androw !•".. I'lmnipsdn, wlio was 
a native i)f Sci>tlan<l. llis mutlicr was Eliza- 
lii'tli Sinipsiiu, lic'fciri' licr niarriat^'e, ami was 

born in England, and married in Fredericks- 
burg, Virginia. Tn tliem eight children were 
born, of whom only three are living, one in 
Kansas and the nthers in ( )klahiima. 

Mr. Till luipsi )n reared 1 >n the tarm ami 
has always been engaged in that occupation. 
In 1S58 he was united in marriage to Miss Lucy 
Hardwick. To this marriage were born three 
children: George D. : H. \. : and Lenie, who 
died when ten months old. Mrs. Thompson 
died in 1863. She was born in Kentucky. In 
1864 Mr. Th(jm])son married for his second 
wife Miss Sallie A. Lain, who was born in Lin- 
coln county, in the same state. Mr. Thompson 
has been a consistent member of the Methodist 
Lpiscopal church at Murdnck an<l other places 
for forty years. In 1898 he was the Democratic 
nominee fur the nffice of sheriff, btil the Repub- 
lican majnrity was too strung fur liini. and he 

was defeated by a majnrity uf five hundred antl 
f(irt\-i)ne \<>les. 

juhn .SimiiSdU. his maternal grandfather, 
was a nati\e of i'.ngland and emigrated to \'ir- 
ginia, thence tn Illinois, and died in I'jlgar 

E. C. I'lXNEY. 

E. C. Finney, a retired grain merchant and 
one of the su])er\isi>rs of Tuscola townshi]). 
was born near the village of Annapolis, I'ark 
county. Indiana. .\\)vU 4. 1836. From 1869 
to 1891 he was extensisely engaged in the grain 
business at Tusct)la, but in the latter year he 
sold his interest to liis partner, Charles L. 
McMasters. His father was Robert Finney, 
who was a nati\e of Xorth Carolina, and who 

emigrated to Indiana in the year 1844. Robert 
was a son of Jose])!) b'inney. who came tu this 



ciiuntrv in its early history and participated in 
many of the conflicts for lilierty. His mother, 
w hose maiden name was Malinda Hunt, was a 
daughter of Natlian Hunt; she was born in 
North Carolina and moved to Indiana when 
but a child. Robert Finney died in Indiana 
in 1861, in the fifty-fourth year of his age. and 
his motlier in Tuscola. Illinois, October 16, 
1897, at the rijie old age of eighty-one years. 
Mr. Finiiev has been identified with the 
business interests of Tuscola since 1868 and is 
an upright and universally respected citizen. 
He belongs to the Methodist Episcopal church 
and is a member of the Masonic fraternity. 


D. F. Coykendall, whose death occurred in 
Chicago, December iC), 1892, was born near 
Brushy I-'ork September 8, 1850, at a time 
when the county was in its primitive state, and 
was there reareil to manhood. He was a son 
of Benjamin F. Coykendall, whose ancestors 
were in all jirobability among the emigrants 
from Holland who in an early day settled in 
New Jersev, the descendants of whom now 
comprise some of the best families of that state. 
William, the father of Benjamin F. Coyken- 
dall, was born in that state and married Mary 
\'an Ziekiel, whose family had sprung from the 
same stock. Benjamin F. Coykendall was born 
in Tompkins county. New York, near the 
town of Ithaca. On reaching his majority he 
came west and located in Wisconsin, and in 
'847 sold out his property in AN'isconsin and 
located in what is now Douglas county, where 

he lived for the remainder of his life. Two 
of his sons, Cyrus A. and Marvin A. were in the 
war, both having enlisted before they were 
twenty-one. The death of Benjamin F. Coy- 
kendall occin^reil in the spring of 1889. 

On November 14, 1878, D. F. Coykendall 
was married to Miss Francis E. Cash, a daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. L. J. Cash, of Newman. 
To this marriage was born one child, a tlaugh- 
ter. Lenoria. For two years before Mr. Coy- 

kendall remoxed to Chicago he resided in New- 
man, while his life pre\ious had l:)een spent Oii 
the farm near Brushy Fork. After his re- 
moval to Chicago he became associated in busi- 
ness with two firms, the Columbia Manufact- 
uring & Supply Company and John Hosluirj' 
& Company, live stock commission merchants. 
He was possessed of more than ordinary busi- 
ness ability, combined with genuine integrity 
and uprightness, and was \ery highly respected 
l)v all with whom he had dealings. He was 
devoted to his famil\- and his death was a great 
loss to both wife and daughter. He was buried 



in the Xeunian cemetery. He was a nieinl)er 
ol the Masonic fraternity, hut was not a nieni- 
her of any chnrch. He always did liis i)art 
willintjly in su]>i)ortin_- tlie cluucli and at- 
tended the same. 

\V. P. BOYD. 

\\ . ['. Boyd, who was for many jears a 
lirominent drn.^.i^isl and cliemist of Arcohi. 
was l)orn in l'"leming-,sl)urg-, Kentucky, January 
6, 1847. and was a son of Wilson P. and Susan 

E. Boyd. His father was a prominent lawyer 
and servcfl in hotli hranches of the Kentucky 


\\". I', lioyd received his early education 
at the old liethel school in Kentucky, and sub- 
sef|uently attended the university at Blooming- 
ton, Illinois. In 1875 ''^ ^^'^'^ married to Miss 

F.mnia W'yatt Hamilton, of Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, a step-daughter of Alexander Hamil- 
ton ( her real parents being Edward, and .\nnie 
(Snnlh ) W yalt. natives of England). To Mr. 
and Mrs. Boyd were born four children, 
namely: William H.. deceased, Wyatt, Anna 
M. and Wil.son P. 

In 18O7 Mr. Boyd commenced the drug 
business for himself in Areola and until 1884 
had the only exclu.sive drug store in the county. 
Pie was a successful business man and re- 
mained in charge of the store until a few weeks 
before his death, Nmember 17, 1899, when he 
disposed of it to A. Magnusson. lie was one 
of the first movers in the state for the organiza- 
tion ot suitable legislation for the elevation of 
the drug trade in the stale. He w;is an active 
worker in the Illinois I 'hannaceiuial Society, 
and was president of that body one year and a 
delegate to the national convention in 1884. 
Ne\'er in ;ili her histoi-y has .\rcoia known a 
more public spirited man, a better leader in 
every progressive movement, or ;i truer sym- 
jjathizer in every just and noble cause. He 
held many positions of trust .and Imnor, such 
as member of the school boru'd, alderman, 
chiel of the lire department, and cliairman 
of the board of sujiervisors. In offices he re- 
garded the trust and the duties devolving upon 
him as sacred, ;md acted accordingly. In pol- 
itics he w;is a l)emncr;it, and he served his 
])arly faithfully and conscientiously. 

He was a member of .several Icjdges, but 
allieil his interests more closely with the Ma- 
sons that any other order. The poor and 
needy have lost a true friend, and one from 
whom they had learned to expect sympathy 
and aid. Never a Christmas passed by but 
that every poor family received something 



from Iiim. and his charity was not confined to 
Areola alone, but reached for miles around. 
He was a lover of children, and the child 
learned to expect some token of remembrance 
from him, ni:>r was it ever disappointed. His 
life furnishes us many expressions of good 
which show the real character of the man. 
His life was made up of little things well and 
faithfully performed. But after all it is the 
little things that give us the true index to the 
real character of the man. His home rela 
tions were the most pleasant, and he remained 
true and devoted to his home fireside and 
altar until the close of his career. The town 
has lost a foremost man, the lodges a faithful 
member, the home a true head, the poor a 
sure and helping hand, and the world one of 
her noblest men. 


J. P. W'oolford. merchant and grain l)uyer 
at Gabon and one of the most successful busi- 
ness men in the cc'mnty, was born in Butler 
county, Ohio, February 18, 1855. His parents 
were Daniel and Elizabeth (Echert) Woolford, 
who were natives of the same county. His 
grandfather Echert was born in West Virginia, 
and in about 181 2 removed to Butler county, 
Ohio. His paternal grandfather, Jacob Wool- 
ford, was born at Lancaster, Pennsylvaina, and 
moved from there to Butler county, Ohio. 
Daniel Woolford came to this c<iunty in Vlarcli, 
1869, and located on a farm two miles from 

Since 1S93 J. P. Woolford has resided at 
Gabon, and was first engaged in grain buying 
for R. & J. Irvin, of Tuscola, succeeding M. 
S. Filson at this place. In 1894 he built an 
elevator of twenty thousand bushels capacity 
and has since become one of the most successful 
grain dealers in the county. 

In 1879 ]\[r. Woolford was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Carrie Kelso, who resided one 
mile south of Areola, and is a daughter of 
William Kelso, who is now living in Tazewell 

county, this state. They have three children: 
Roscoe M.. Alfred J. and Samuel M., all at 
liome with their parents. For the past four 
years Mr. Woolford has been buying grain for 
himself, and in connection does a general mer- 
chandising business. He buys abimt one hun- 
dred thousands bushels of grain annually. In 
political iijjiniijn be is a stanch Republican, Ijut 
bis wife is a Democrat and is the postmistress 
of the village. 

1 68 



Ridiard Clyde Ilaimiiclt, tlie sccdiid smi of 
James I\. llamuieti. wliose sketch and porlrail 
arc found on another page, was horn on the old 


Haninicll hnniestead in Caniargo township, 
September y, 1871, and was principally edu- 
cated at the State University and a business col- 
lege at Indian.'ipolis. lie has always been en- 
gaged in farming and owns fi.>m" hundred and 
twenty acres of I'inely im])ro\ed land, a ])art of 
which is the old Hammett homestead. 

In iS'J5 he was married to Miss (iinerva 
Barnett, of the \illage of Camargo, and has 
two children: J\uth and Bessie. ^Ir. llammett 
is a member of the ("amargo Blue Lodge and 
'I'uscola Chapter and Commanrlery of Ma- 
sonry. Mr. I lammell is ;m intelligent \oung" 
man and coudui'ts his farming on business 
principles. 1 le is at jiresent remodeling his 
farm residence, three miles north of the \illage 
o| ('amargo. and wlie!i linished it will rank 
with the most conimo<lious rmd beautiful homes 
of the county. 

j.\Sl'i;i«: S. Id-XORDS. 

jas])er .S. Uecords. who is one of llie most 
l)roniineut ten.ant f;ii-mers in the county and 
who was born two miles north of the \illage of 
liourbon, januar\' ^^1. 1X5(1. is a son of hihu 
Records, who settled in neighborhood in 
about the year 1X50. Thu Latter w;is a native 
of Kentucky, where he was born August I.S, 
iSoo. ami died in jidy, iNo_^. ilis wife 
was 1 lauora O'Roaik. who was horn near 
.'^taunton, N'irginia, and whose parents were 
b"th born in IrelaiKJ. J. .S. Records' jiaterual 
great-grandfather, with live brothers.came from 
Scotland and settled in Kentucky, and were 
contemporaries of ll(joue .and KeiUon. lie was 
kdled by the luilians. John Records was a 
caqjenter in early life and later turned his at- 
tention to farming, _ at which he cont'nued up 
inUil the time of his death. While working at 
his trade he built the hrst frame church in in- 

.Mr. Records has for the jiast thirteen years 
successfully su])ei"iiitended the culti\.'ition of the 



farm he now resides on (owned by \\'illiam 
lies), on which place he plowed the first furrow 
ami laid the tirst tile. He has l:)een twice mar- 
ried; first to Miss Elnora O'Brian, in 1879, 
the latter's death occurring in November, 1895. 
Her home was at Parkville, Champaign coun- 
ty. They had two children. bt)th of whtjm are 
li\'ing: Bessie and Lloyd. His second wife 
was Miss Rachael I'roman, of Switzerland 
count}', Indiana. They have one child, Louise 
lies. Mr. Records is a member of the Odd 
Fellows. Home Forum, the Court of Horn ir 
and the Modern W'l Kidmen, and is an inde- 
])en(lent Republican. He is well informed on 
the topics of the day, 's ]ju!j1;c spirited and is a 
man of marked indixiiluality. 


Lines L. Parker, the subject of this sketch, 
was born in Brown countx'. Ohio, Sep- 
tember I, 1 83 J. At the age nf fi\e \ears he 
removed with his parents to \'erm:li<in cuuntv. 
Illinois. llis father, Jdhn W. I'arker, and 
his niiither, Hannah Parker ( iirc' Pangburn), 
were both born in Brown county. Ohio, and 
after October, 1837, lived in Vermilion coun- 
ty. Illinois, where they died. John W. Parker 
was sheriff of Vermilion county just preceding 
the Civil war. and after the war he was county 
superintendent of schools for two terms. Lines 
L. Parker went into the war in 1861 as a mem- 
ber of Company D. Twentx-fifth Ulinciis Infan- 
try. He was soon commissioned a second 
lieutenant and after the battle of Pea Ridge was 
promoted to first lieutenant, and afterward 

commissioned captain of Company E, One 
Hundred and Fiftieth Illinois Infantry. His 
tinal muster out of the service was at Atlanta, 
Georgia. January 16, 1S66. At the next No- 
vember election he was elected sheriff of Ver- 
milion county, Illinois, and after the expira- 
tion of his office, in November, 1868, he re- 
moved to Douglas county, Illinois, and li\-ed 
upon his farm for e!e\en years, when he was 
electefl county treasurer of Douglas county, 
and was afterward re-elected for a two years" 





term. .At the expiration of his term of office 
he retired to his farm, where he and his faith- 
ful wife have lived for the last thirteen years. 
His wife, Mary A. Parker ( ;(rr West), was 
united to him in marriage on the i Jth of April, 
1855. She was born in Fountain county, In- 
diana, August 28. 1837, and as the fruits of 
this marriage there were born to them fi\e chil- 
dren, all living and settled in life near home: 
Alice is the widow of Alexander E. FuIIerton, 
and now lives near Hugo, Illinois ; John W. 

is a farmer in Bowdre township, near Hugo; 




Oliver Lincoln is a strain dealer in 'I'liscula, On I\[areli 4. iS()4, lie enlisted in the One 
llliniiis: llannali ( ). lives with her lutshand linndiid and ThiitN tiflh Illinois Regiment 
one mile west (if her parents" home, and Ilattie and hecanie sergeant in L"()mi)any A. After 
lives with her hnshand within hailing distance ser\ing fonr months and twenty-fonr days he 
of her father and mother. was honorahly dischargcil. When the gov- 

-Mr. I'arUer is a memher of the (Irand ernment called for men to serve fi>r one year, 
,\rniy <d the l\e|iulilic. also of the .Masonic he enlisted again, hut was rejected on account 
fraternity, lie owns three hundred and thirty of a disahled arm. He is now a memher of 
acres of land, which he has divided among his the Cjrand .Army of the Repuhlic. 
chiklren. who live upon or manage the part they 
e.xpect to get at their father's death. Mr. Par- 
ker and his wife are members of the Christian 
church at Hugo, Illinois, and arc liberal con- 
tributors ti) its support. 

.|.\M1':S M. COODSI'KIlD. 

James .M. (loodspeed. a resident of Tus- 
cola, Illinois, and who has for many years 
Ijcen a preacher in the Mcthmlist Episcopal 
cluircli. was born m the citv of W'ooster, 
Wayne cnunt}-, ( )hio, June jj, 1843. His 
parents were S. S. and .\nna ( Good- 
speed. The former was born in Essex county. 
New ^'ork. ,-md his mother in Vermont. His 
grandfather ( ioodspeed was a soklier in the 
war of I S I _' and lor his services drew a ])en- 
sion from the government up to the time of 
his de.'ith. 

] )m-ing the (.'ixil the subject of this 
sketch enlisted in the services of his coinitry 
four times. On June 4, i86j. he enlisted in 
the Si-Xty-ninth Regiment Illinois Volunteers 
and .served four nionths. .\fter being hon- 
firal)ly discliarged he enlisted in the Twenty- 
si.xth Illinois Volunteers, but was rejected. 

Rev. Cioodspeecl was reared and educated 
at L'rbana. Illinois, rnul after leaving the 
.schools id that citv he entered the l^niversity 
of Illinois, where he attended ;is a student for 
two years, lie taught scIioijI near Urbana in 
1S69 ami 1S71), an<l then entered ( iarrett Bibi- 
cal Institute, at R\'anston, Illinois, where he 
])repareil himself for (he duties r>f the ministry, 
lie joined the Illinois conference of the Meth- 
odist l'4)iscopal church Scptemlier 30, 1S73, 
.mil served the following charges: Tuscola 
circuit, two j'cars; Ludlow, two years; Catlin, 
two years; Camargo. three years; Fairmount, 
two years; Georgetown, three years; Homer, 



three years, and was sent from Homer to Ar- 
eola. After serving the church here for one 
year, on account of ill health in his family, 
he, in 1892, located at Tuscola. From that 
date until the present he has continued in the 
active ministry, serving such charges as he 
could and live at Tuscola. 

April 14, 1875, he was united in marriage 
to Miss Reliecca, a daughter of D. H. Jessee, 
who is an enterprising stock raiser and shipper 
residing near Villa Grove. They have two 
children : \Vill)ur I*"., who is a graduate of the 
Tuscola High Schoul, and Edith, ten years of 
age. Rev. (ioodspced owns a \alual)le farm 
of two hundred acres in Diuglas county and 
other ])roperty. He has [jreached twenty-six 
years in this state, is an earnest and ahlc 
speaker and is highly respected liy his neigh- 
l)ors and friends. 


John Skinner, a retired and highly re- 
spected citizen (if Newman, was born in Ver- 
million county, Indiana, Ajjril 4, 1831, and is 
a son of Joseph and Mary (Gaston) Skinner. 
His father came to the county in 1839 as a 
renter, but afterward owned a tract of land of 
eight hundred acres. The city of Newman is 
located on i)art of this land. He took stock 
to the \alue of four hundred acres of land and 
one thousanil dollars cash in the construction 
of the I. D. & W. R. R., from which he realized 
nothing. He was an enlisted soldier in the 
Black Hawk war, and died in 1857 (for 

further ancestry see sketch of his brother, 
Isaac Skinner). 

John Skinner grew up on the farm and has 
always been identilied with farming interests. 
He has held the office of township commis- 
sioner, and has always identified himself with 
the best interests of Newman and Newman 
township. Fie owns three hundred and sev- 
enty acres of valualile and well-tiled land, 
which comes almost to the corporation line of 

In 1859 our suljject was married to Miss 
Hannah J., a daughter of Dr. Ringland, one of 
the first physicians of Newman, who emigrated 
from Pennsyh'ania to the neighborhood of 
Kansas, Edgar county, later removed to New- 
man in 1857, and thence Ijack to Kansas, where 
he died. The death of the wife of our subject 
occurred within six weeks after her marriage 
to Mr. Skinner ; he has remained unmarried 
ever since. 

In 1862 he volunteered in the Seventy- 
ninth Illinois Infantry, and participated in the 



battles of Stone l\i\cr, Ijhcrty liaj) ami riiick- 
amauga. He and his limtlier Ahmhi were 
cajniireil at tlie latter ]ilaee on Septenilier i<), 
18O3, and were plaeeil in l.ililiy prison t'or three 
(lays. They were placed in the I'eniherton 
huildinjjf. jnst across the street from l.ihhy, 
.and kc\>[ there fi>r six weeks. Tlie\' were after- 
ward taken to Dan\ille. N'iryinia. and kept in 
an old tobacco factory thmnt^h the winter ot 
1863 and iS')4 with sixteen hundred other 
prisoners, and were made to sleep 1 in the bare 
lloor withiiut bedding or lit^hts in the buildint;'. 
'I'hey were taken from this place in April, 1864, 
and sent to Aiulersonville. (icorgia. This 
prison contained about twenty three acres, be- 
ing encliised with lugs standing on en<l. milk- 
ing a wall .•iriiund abmit fourteen feet high. 
This ])risiin had about thirty-live thousand men 
in it. In Sejjtember. ]8C)4, they were taken to 
Charleston, South Carolina, and rem.iincd 
there four weeks, thence to l'd(jrence Stockade, 
in February, 1865. They were kept ])risoners 
here for about four months, when they were 
remo\ed to (lold.sboro. South Carolina, and 
back til Wilmington, where thev were mus- 
tered out after enduring a pri.son life of seven- 
teen months and nine days. In these prisons 
the\' were reiluced in flesh Ijy starvation to less 
than h.ilf their natural we'ght. Mr. Skinner 
w-as with his regiment all the time after being 
mustered in until he was captured, excepting 
two weeks sickness at Stone River, .\fter be- 
ing captured he was ten day.^ on his wa_\- to 
Libby. where starvation began. He 
issued rations to a squad of twenty men about 
one year. There were seventeen members of 
his company cajitured at the same time and he 
had charge of them in prisun and kept them all 
in his squail except Lieutenant .\lbin, who was 

wiiunded ami t.iken finm this place. loseph 
1 larxey ;nid William Kittei- were left sick at 
Kiclinii Hid. \irginia; Kilter died ;ind llarvey 
was paroled. 1). .V. Ibiward. Aamn I'.riti m and 
W'm. Stillwell. of his compaii)-. died in .\nder- 
sonville. were all that died of the sev- 
enteen who were ca]>tured. 

After they left Danville. Virginia, there 
was ne\er a vessel of any kind issued for them 
with which to eat. drink or cnok. .Ml they had 
was cild cans that tbe_\- cimlil pick up that had 
been thrnwn away. 

( )nr subject got 

if an 1 lid iron hoop 

and m;ide a saw anil a pocket knife, these being 
the only ef\irc tools he had. With these he 
began making Inickets nut of cnrdwood. He 
could make one bucket a day and sold them for 
from one dollar to one dollar and a half. This 
was his occupation while in .\nderson\ille. 
While he was in the Morence stockades he 
mended shoes and made from twn ddllars to 
two dollars and lift}' cents per day. .\t Dan- 
ville he got a job of keeping the liack yard 
clean, for which he received four'ons per 
day; he divided these ratiims with his cimi- 
]>any and by so doing saved the lives of six or 
eight men. In November, 1864, he went out 
111 the cnninnssarv. vvhei'e he had plenty to eat. 
taking his S(|uad along, besides several mem 
bers of other companies. While he was in .\n- 
<lersonyille prison he was starved down to the 
weight of eighty-five pounds, but when he left 
the commissary at Florence, in b^ebruarv. 18O5, 
he had guten back to his natural weight, one 
hundred and ninety-seven and one-half poimds, 
so it can be seen how starvation had reduced 
him. He was mustered out of service June 5, 
1865. at the city of S]>ringt"ield. Illinois. 

Anson .Skinner's death occurred in Feb- 



ruary, 1896. William, another bruther, now 
residing- in Newman, was a member of tlie 
same regiment: they were all sergeants. John 
Skinner's friends are legion in the community 
in which he resides. He lives a quiet, con- 
tented life, and enjoys the highest confidence 
of all who know him. 


John \'. Jordan, one of the old and well 
known of the early settlers now living and re- 
siding in Miu-dock township, settled in what 
is now the confines of Douglas county in the 
fall of 1854. He is a son of Edward Jordan, 
who was born in Virginia and reared in Ken- 

tucky, a son of Samuel Jordan, who was one 
of the pioneer settlers of that state. Edward 
Jordan wedded Christina \^an Du}n, who was 

l)orn in New Jersey and was a daughter of 
Mr. Jordan's parents emigrated to Vermillion 
county, Indiana, where he was born in the 
year 1S30. Here he was reared and received 
John and Relnecca Van Duyn. In about 1823 
the meagre education obtainable in the early 
pioneer schools of that day. After arri\ing 
in Douglas county, he entered first an eighty- 
acre tract of land, and soon after bought an- 
other eighty-acre tract, which was second 
hand. For tliat which he entered lie paid one 
dollar and twenty-fi\-e cents per acre, and the 
other at three dollars and seventy-five cents per 
acre. He now owns in all three hundred and 
fifty acres. He has only recently donated one 
acre to the Fairland Cemetery Comjianx'. He 
has always taken an active interest in com- 
mon school education and was school trustee 
and treasurer before he became a voter in 
Douglas county. 

In January, 1855, he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Lydia C. Lemon, who was a na- 
tive of Lawrence county, Indiana, and a daugh- 
ter of M. B. and Eliza Lemon. To their mar- 
riage were born six cliiMren; Lemon, I'.lla, 
Edward, John, Lucy and Dell. Lucy died in 
1888, at the age of twenty-one years. 

John \'. Jordan, liefore the formation of the 
Republican party, was a Whig, and since the 
latter jjarty went down he has been a Republi- 
can. \\'hen he first came to the locality in 
which he now resides, among those who had 
come previously were Robert E. Carmack, who 
was born in Tennessee and located here in 
1852; Samuel and James Wishard and Jacob 
Caufman; also Samuel A. Brown, all coming 
from Vermillion county, Indiana; Rev. Jones 
and .\rthur Bradshaw were the early preachers. 




N. L'. l.yiia, ul I'lisccla, a ymuii;' lawyer 
of brilliant pros])CCts in ihc future, was ad- 
mitted ti> ])raetiee in tbe I )i)u,o-]as C(iun1\' ei>urts. 
in ]HqC), iiaxinjj prcximisly jircpared himself 
fur the law under the tntelat-c nf tlie late 1 Inn. 

Charles W . W'l inKeilini. lie was luirii 
October 4, 1S75. in ('hani])aiir;'n cnuntv. Tllinnis, 
and is the sun (,f II. j. and Kose (Christy) 
Lyrla, whu were natives respectively of South 
Carolina and ()hii). His father is a tubular 
well driller by liade and resides in Tuscola. 
His j;-rand father Christy was burn in ()hio 
and served in the wai" nf the Rebellinn. 

N. C. Lx'rla was graduated fmni the Tus 
cola high schonl in the class of 1894. lie takes 
an active interest in the success of the Dem- 
ocratic party and was the part\"s nominee fur 
county judg'c in i8(jS. but withdrew befnre 
the election. In the legal i)rofcssion he is rap- 
idly tightiug- his way to the front: he is a young 
man of excellent good judgment, is a good 
judge of law .and is engaged in some of 
the most important cases that come l)efore the 
Douglas county courts. 


Ilenry Clay Niles, master in chancery, 
h'lal historian and an old and well known resi- 
dent of Tuscola, is a natix'e of l'.;dtimorc, 
.Maryland, and a son of Hezikiah and Sally 
.\nn( W.arner) Niles. the former was born near 
Wilmington. Delaware, rmd the latter being of 
(jnaker e.xtractinn and the d.aughter of bihn 
Warner, one of the leading Quakers of that 
st.'ite. I lezikiah X'iles was an intimate friend 
'i\ Ilenry Clay, and ])rominent in Whig pol- 
itics id his da_\'; in iSii he was editor and 
])riipiiel(ir of the .\iles Register, which was a 
strong Whig and ])ro-slayery paper and always 
supi)orted the candidacy of Clay. It was one 
of the most inllnentird newspa])ers in the east- 
ern ciiiintry. being nne c d" the acknowledged 
organs of the \\ big i)arty. The Internatinnal 
Cyclopedia says of him he was burn in 

1777. in renns\l\ ania, recei\ed an ordinary 
education ami became a member of Bonsai & 
Niles in the newspaper business at \\'ilming- 



ton, Delaware, which was not a success. He 
tlien liecame a newspaper correspondent and 
in 181 1 founded Niles Register at Baltimore, 
and died in 1839. 

H. C. Niles was reared to manhood in the 
city of Baltimore where he attended school 
up to the age of fourteen years. He then hecame 
a clerk in a wholesale drug store and later was 
a clerk in the Baltimore postoffice for seven 
years. He was then engaged in the drug husi- 
ness up to 1856. when he came to what is now 
Douglas county and locateil at Bourhon, 
\vhere he hecame a salesman for his brother- 
in-law, L. C. Rust, who was one of the early 
merchants of the county, and with whom he 
remained for two years. After Douglas 
county was formed in 1859, he was elected to 
the office of county surveyor, since which time 
he has ser\ed several terms in this office, and is 
one of the best known survej-ors in central 
Illinois. He is still actively engaged in the 
business. Various acts of the legislature mak- 
ing any correct survey by a competent siu'veyor 
perfectly legal ( thus destroying all induce- 
ments to hold the oflice ) , he, like many other 
experiencerl surveyors in the state, has since 
refused the position. In 1881, he was ap- 
pointed master in chancery of the Doug^las 
county circuit court, which position he has con- 
tinuously held, thus attesting his popularity 
witth all classes of people who have business 
in his court. 

In 185S he married Miss Rebecca Brown, 
of DeWitt county, Illinois. They have five 
children, four of whom are living. Mr. Niles 
was made a Mason, in Baltimore, in [854, and 
Is one of the oldest members of that craft in 
the county. He has materially assisted in the 
making of both county atlases and is the author 

of the old Douglas county history, published in 
1SS4, and in this compilation of this volume 
I am imder permanent ol)ligations to Mr. Niles 
for his unselfish help. 


Joseph H. Finney, late of Newman, was 
l)orn in Parke county, Indiana, January 10, 
T849, ^"<1 <^1'<^'' September 9, 1897. In 1S73 
he was married to Miss Kate Porter and after 
her death married Miss /Vgnes Valodin. For 
twenty-three years Mr. Finney was in business 
at at which he successfully continued 
up to the time of his death. He left a wife 

and two sons: Porter .and Ex'erett ; also two 
sisters, Mrs. W. P. Miller and Mrs. W. D. 
Goldman, and four brothers; E. C, Daniel, 
David W., and Robert. For several years Mr. 
Finney was an active and influential member 
of the M. E. church at Newman, and at his 
funeral in speaking of the deceased, the pastor 



spoke in siihslance as follows: "Jose])li I'in- 
nev (lit! H' ■! l.tck in iioMc habits. Me was a 
true friend, l-riondship to iiim was not an 
ideal sonietliin.i^'. hnt a living reality. lie liad 
no enemies, for he let his life cast true friend - 
shi|> on c\er\' other lite. Xo en\ y or malice 
cunid grow in his natnre. He was Ijenevolcnt 
to a fanlt. if it is e\er a fault to be benevolent. 
Some man wlio knew liini well, said, 'if Jos- 
eph b'inncv on]\' liad l\\enl\' dollars in the 
worlil .and someone in need were to ask him for 
aid, he wonld give nineteen of the twentv to 
the destitnte.' Snch was his natni^e. 

"(lentleness was a marked characteristic 
of his natnre. Xo unkind words would Mr. 
Finney say of those who may deserve them. 

"He understood nature well and 
because he knew the need of sympathy he 
understood now to look with cli;irity on the 
failings of others. 

"Xo man was ever discouraged or weak- 
ened by associating with Jose]>h Finney. On 
the other hand, .all who knew him felt the 
inllnence of ,-in honest, gentle, m.anlv s])irit. 
Probably none ha\e felt natural weakness 
more, but none have shown more truly than the 
deceased a strong heart and an irrejaroachablo'icter. If ever a m;m was worthy of 
charity, man \\;is .\Ir. I'innev. 

"In his home, in social life, and in business 
relations he was e\er the saiue. No harshness, 
ro shar]) criticism, no f.iult finding marred his 
intercr.nrse wilii others. 

"lie was ever a man of noble aspirati'^nis. 
He v>as never satisfied with jiresent experience 
or achievements. Ilis testimonies in class 
i.ieetii^g an 1 ])ra\'cr meeting always s]i")ke 
hiimilitv mil' resolution and noble desire. 

"He knew bow to strues'le. And thouuii 

like every other m;ni he m;iy sometimes h;ive 
erred, yet. like l)a\id. he knew how to rise 
above dilliculty .ind e\ en defeat. His frank- 
ness was striking, lie never afraid to do 
the m.anly thing. 

"To his ]i;istor he spoke with Christian con- 
lidence during his illness of his trust in God. 
.nid conscious ]ieace at heart. He was the 
kind ol lh;it Goil |o\es, — iuunble, sin- 
cere, tinislful, ])fnileiit. 

"rile words of .Shakespeare may be trnlv 
said of him: "His life was gentle, and the 
elements so mixed in him, that nature might 
stand up and say to all the world. This was a 
man." " 

He was buried at Tu.scola, the funeral cer- 
emonies being conducted by Rev. J. M. Oak- 
wood, a.ssisted by Revs. Calhoun and I'iper. 
Air. I'inncy was a M.ason and was a member of 
Melita Commandery at Tu.scola, the members 
of which had charge of his remains; he was 
also a member of the Knights of Pytliias and 
AlodeiMi Woodmen. His widow, Mrs. Finney, 
resides ,'il .Xcwnian and before her marriage 
was a Miss \',ilo(hn. of Oakland. .She was a 
daughter of .\l. P. ;nid Sarah .\nn (Red- 
den) X'alodin. Hrr fathei' was horn in Ohio 
.and her mother in Illinois. .Mrs. Finney is a 
member of the .Metlwjdist Fpisco])al church at 
-Xewman anil highly iiUerests herself in church 
work, l)eing one id' the class leaders. 

SAML'l':i. II \\\KI.\S. 

Samuel Hawkins, a member .if one of ihe 
earliest settled in Douglas counts- f.imilies and 
a soldier in the Civil war. w.-is |)orn in Pick- 



away county, Oliio, Octiil)er 12, 1836, and is a 
stui of Jolm Hawkins wtio was Ixirn in Luu- 
doun county, Virginia. His motlier, who was 
Margaret Cassady, was also born in Virginia. 
In October, 1851, Samuel's father, with a 
family of several sons, came and settled in 
what is now Douglas county, two miles and 
a half southwest of Newman. After he had 
located his children urged him to enter a large 
body of land which he could have done at one 
dollar and twenty-five cents an acre, but it was 
his opinion at that time that the prairie land 
would never be settled, and consequently he 

did not do so. Llut later on he bought a farm 
of seventy-two acres along the Brushy Fork 
timber, where he resided until his death, No- 
vember 10, 1880. 

Samuel Hawkins remained on a farm in 
Ohio until he arrived in Douglas county with 
his father. He has b»een twice married, the 
first time on October 23, 1858, to Miss Eliza- 
beth, a daughter of Robert Hopkins, who emi- 
grated from Pickaway county, Ohio, and set- 
tled in Newman township before the Hawkins 

family, and by this marriage he has two chil- 
dren li\-ing: W. S. and Airs. Mary E. Busby. 
His first wife died August 12, 1866. In 1870 
he wedded Miss Elizabeth, tlaughter of W^ill- 
iam Hopkins, who was a brother of Robert, 
and was among the pioneer settlers in what is 
now known as the Hopkins and Hawkins 
neighborhood. Mrs. Hawkins is a grand- 
daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Winkler, 
who came to this count}- in a \-er}- early day. 
Both died in 1836, and were among the \ery 
earliest buried in the Albin cemetery. Mr. 
Hawkins by his second wife has two children: 
E\a B., wife of Harrison Hawkins, and Lu- 
ther B., unmarried. 

On July 30, 1862, our subject volunteered 
in the Seventy-ninth Illinois, and becaine a 
corporal in Company E, W. A. Lowe's com- 
pany. Mr. Lowe was an old and prominent 
early settler in Newman township, and for 
him the Newman Grand Army post was 
named : before the end of the war he became 
lieutenant-colonel. Mr. Hawkins was at the 
ii'attle of Chickaniauga, but was captured the 
first day of the fight and was sent to Rich- 
mond and later to Dan\illc. He is a member 
of the Grand Army of the Republic, of the 
Masonic fraternity, and the Wesley Chapel 
Methodist clnnxdi. He owns cight\' acres of 
land and is one of the substantial and highly 
respected citizens of Newman township. 


Frank C. Dever, present principal of the 
Hindsboro public schools, and the editor ami 
pro])rietor of the Hindsboro News, was born 



in Clark county. Illinois. January 26, 1860, 
anil is a son of I'. C. and Eliza (English) 
Dcver, natives of Ohio. The parents re- 
moved to Camargo townshii) in 18A8. tlicncc 
to Bowdre township in 1870, and the father 
at present resides in Missouri, the mother 
having died May 31, 1900. Erank C. Devcr 
allendeil Lee's academy at Loxie. Coles coun- 
tv. and later at the Danville normal. He has 

heen teaching since 1880, and was superintend- 
ent of the public schools at Anna. Illinois, for 
four years, and of Barry, Illinois, for two 
years. Since 1897 he has held his jiresent 
jjosition in the Hindshoro public .schools. In 
1892 he was married to Mis.s Eva W'orley, of 
Anna. They have two children: Lena and 
Wesley Collins. 

In 1898 our subject was the Democratic 
Udminee for sujierintendcnt of the Douglas 
county schools, but was defeated. The Demo- 
cratic side of the board of sui)ervisors in the 
contest to fill the x-acancy in tliat office caused 
by the death of Thomas M. Wells, in 1899, 

gave their united su])port to Mr. Dever for 
twenty-three ballots, the board being a tie 
politically. The deadlock, which had held the 
Imard of super\isors for several weeks, was 
broken by both jjarties meeting on neiUr;d 
ground and giving their united sujjport to 
Miss Blanche Caraway, the present incumbent. 
The Hindsboro News, which is in the line 
politically with the Chicago platform, was 
founded by Sis.son & Miller in 1896. Mr. 
Sisson soon withdrew, and the [laper was m;ni- 
aged by Charles B. Aliller until the summer 
of i8()7. when he was succeeded by Monroe 
Mclntyre. known as the "fighting editnr" of 
the News, and who sold the jsajier to .Mi-. 
Dever in March, 1898. The paper has a cir- 
culation iif ;i1>out li\e hundred, comes out op 
h'ridays and is a six-column folio. Since 
October, 1899, C. L. Watson, the pic^i'ii! 
supervisor of I'.nwdre township, has been as- 
sociated with Mr. l)c\cr in business, untlcr the 
following names: I)e\er & Watson, pub- 
lishers: and C. L. Watson & Co., real estate. 
Mr. Dever is president of tlie village board (^f 
trustees of llnidsboro, and is ident lied with 
all moNcmcnts which aini tnward the ;id\ance- 
nicnt of the best interests of llindsburn and 
its \icinitv. 


George W. Siders is one of the early and 
prMminent settlers of Camargo township still 
living. He settled in the northeast part of 
Camargo townshi]) in 1852. He is a son of 
Jacob and Susan (Clark) Siders, who were 



natives respectively of Virginia and Maryland. 
After their marriage they emigrated from 
Virginia to Fairfield county, Ohio, thence to 
Pickaway county, Ohio, and from there to 
Douglas county, Illinois. In the year above 
mentioned Jaco^b Siders was a renter and 
never owned but twenty acres of land. He 
died in this county in the sixty-third year of 
his age, and was buried at Camargo. His 
wife, who was born in iSii near Harper's 
Ferry, Virginia, is still living. Jacob Siders 
was a son of Solomon Siders, who was a sol- 

George W. Siders was born February lo, 
1836, in Pickaway county, Ohio, and was si.x- 
teen years old when his father came to Doug- 
las county. In 1869 he settled on his present 
farm, which contains one hundred and twenty 
acres. In 1862 he was united in marriage to 
Eliza Ann Hughes, who was bom and reared 
in Logan county, Ohio. Her death occurred 
on Sunday, April 27, 1900. To this mar- 
riage were Iiorn hve children, four of wljom 
are now living: Mary, who is the wife of 
Charles Reynokls; Ella, wife of John Huls; 
Alice, wife of Thomas Huls; and Milo, wIk.i 
is at home; he married Miss Maud Grimes, 
of Indianola. • Robert Eldon, who died in 
.\pril, 1900, aged thirty-seven j'cars and tivc 
ilays, was much attached to his famdy. Mr. 
Siders has been school director for three }'cars, 
a member of the Grange and F. M. !'>. .\. 
order. Among Mr. Siders' neighbors wlun 
he first came to the county were Jack 
man and his brother Jim, and George Ritter, 
now [Kistmastcr at Villa Gro\c. and among the 
earl\' ministers were .Vrlhur llradsliaw, I'eter 
Wallace, who was the presiding elder of the 
district, and Rev. Saulsbury. 


dier in the war of 1812 and the Horse-shoe 
war against the Indians. The father of Solo- 
mon Siders was also named Solomon ; he was 

in the war of the Revolution and according to Williani H. Bush, a well-known auction- 

the traditions of the family lived to be one eer ,nnd respected citizen of Ilindsboro, 

hundred and fifteen years old. James Clark, was Ijorn in Bowdre township, Douglas coun- 

the maternal grandfather, was born in Dublin, ty, Illinois, April i, 1859. He is a son of E. 

Ireland, was a weaver by trade, and when he B. and Margaret Ann (Moyer) Bush. His 

came to Ohio was one of the pioneer school father was one of the earliest settlers in 

teachers. Bowdre township. He was a native of Har- 



din county. Kentucky, and came to the county 
when seventeen years of age. .\t jiresent he 
resides at Gales^nn-g. Ilhnois. in the sixty- 
second year of his age. He is a son nf jolm 
Rusli, will) was horn in I'liizaljetlitown. Hardin 
county, Kentucky. .April i, 1802. and died 
July 5, 1852. Our sul)jcct's mother. Mar- 
garet .\nn M(iycr, was Ixn-n in Rockingham 
county, \'irginia. and was the daughter of 
John PhilJi]) Moycr. who was of German ex- 

traction, and who came to the county a year 
previous to the coming of the Bush famil)-. 

William II. Bush was reared on the farm 
and educated at the cimntrv schools of Bow- 
dre township, Douglas county, Illinois. In 
1882 he was united in marriage to Miss Lola 
E. Miilliken, of Champaign county, a grand- 
daughter of Samuel F. Miller, who has e\er 
since he was a yming man heen a prominent 
light in the ministry of the Christian church. 
Mr. Miller is still living, in the eighty-fifth 
year of his age. He was horn in Kentucky, 
April 26, 181 5. His wife. Bertha M. jean. 

was born in Ulir.ois, May 7, 1817, and died 
July 8, 1838. (Sec sketch uf 1. M. .Mulhken. 
of Newman.) fn .Mr. and Mrs. Ihi^li ha\e 
been born eight children, whose names and 
dales of birth are as follows: Zella M.. Sep- 
tember 3, 1882; Clarence E.. December 7, 
1883; Stella F.. September 12. 1887; (iertie 
B., June 22, 1889 (died September 14, 1898) ; 
Waldo H., .\ugust 17, 1890; \'icva .M.. Feb- 
ruary 26, 1893: one which died at birth un- 
named. May 19. 1895; Frederick !•".. Xovem- 
ber 23, 1899. Air. Bush has in addition to 
his work as auctioneer dealt in broomcorn w!th 
Duncan & Tarbox, of Areola, since 1888. He 
has also been in the undertaking business in 
HindsHxiro since June 10. 1897. He was one 
of the principal organizers of the Court of 
Honor at that place on March i, 1899, of 
which order he has been the worthy chancel- 
lor since its organization. This order is in a 
flourishing condition. ha\iiig initiated al)out 
one hundred members. He was elected dele- 
gate to the county convention of the Court of 
Honor J.muary 9, 1900: from there he was 
elected delegate to the State meeting at 
.Springbcld for I"ebruar\- 14. 1900: and at the 
state convention he was elected delegate to the 
supreme session, which was hekl in Peoria on 
May 22-23. '<;oo. William H. Bush is also 
a member of the .Masonic and I. O. (J. !•". fra- 
ternities and of the .Mo(k'rn \\'(]odmen of 
/America. He stantls iiigh in his commiuiity, 
and is recognized as a man of good business 
ability; he has filled all the principal offices 
in the Odd I'^'llows lodge of Hindsboro, as 
well as deputy of the lodge for several terms. 
He also represented his lodge in the Grand 
Lodge at Si)ringficld in 1893 ^'i*^! ''^94- At 
present he is senior deacon in the .\. ]*". & A. 



M. lodge at Hindsboro ; has also been the ven- 
erable consul of Hindsboro Camp No. 968, M. 
\V. of A., and served as worthy banker of this 
camp for four successive years. He has in- 
terested himself in politics, having been elected 
constable of Bowdre township three times; 
has also served as trustee of the village. Mr. 
Bush has the management of the Douglas 
-County Telephone Exchange, located in his 
residence at Hindsboro, which is operated by 
his eldest daughter, Zella M. Bush. 

Harmon, of Clermont county, Ohio. In 1865 
he started in business at Oakland and con- 
tinued until 18S7, when he moved to Kansas 
and entered into partnership with his brother, 
W. W. Barr, under the firm name of W. W. 
Barr & Brotlier. 

His wife passed away April 2. 1878. leav- 
ing two children, Stella and George H. 

In 1879 he started in business in Newman 
and one year later sold his interest in the store 
at Kansas to his brother and bought the lat- 
ter's interest in Newman. 

In 1 88 J he married Miss May W. Curd. 


Among the many successful men noted for 
their fair dealing with the public and tlieir uji- 
rightness in character, who ha\e made the 
city of Newman famous, none deserve more 
credit than James Barr. Our subject was 
born in Clermont county, Ohio, .\pril 7, 1839, 
and in 1852 moved with his parents to Char- 
leston. Coles county, Illinois, where he was 
reared and schooled. At the age of sixteen 
he began the tratle of a tinner, which he mas- 
tered antl has continued to follow through 
life. When he was but a boy his father died, 
leaving him to do for himself. His educa- 
tional advantages were, as was the case with 
many of the pioneers, very limited, although 
he received a fair business education. Being 
of a mechanical turn of mind, he soon became 
an e.xpert workman. During the first call of 
the Civil war he enlisted in the Eighth Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry, and remained out until 
the end of his term of service, after which he 
returned to Charleston. 

In 1864 Mr. Barr married Miss Eliza E. 

of Newman, and to this union one son, Clay- 
ton C, was born. 

In 1890 he sold a half interest in his busi- 
ness to W. F. Summers. They contlucted the 
business under the name of Barr & Summers 
until 1893, when Mr. Barr bought Mr. .Sum- 
mers' interest. On the 8th of October, 1895, 
our subject's son, George H. Barr, died at the 
age of twenty-one years, four months and 
fourteen days. 

I 82 


In 1896 lie sold a half iiitercst tn I. M. 
Mullikcn. nf Charleston. The firm runs un- 
der the head of Barr & Mulliken. They own 
two of the largest stores in the city, one, hard- 
ware, stoves and tinware, and the other, fur- 
niture and undertaking, where a full line of 
each can always be found on hand. James 
Barr is a stanch Republican and has been 
elected mayor of Newman three times, always 
making a good executive officer. He is a 
great belie\er in secret orders and is ever 
ready to further their interests. He is a 
prominent Odd Fellow and iNlason : is a Knight 
Templar, being a member of the Melita Com- 
mandery Xo. 2,7- ^it Tuscola. He is Eminent 
High Priest in Xewman Chapter, No. 72, and 
is the president of the Odtl I""ellows Benelit 
Association of Douglas county. He is the 
s< in of Samuel and Sarah ( Wise ) Barr. The 
former was born in Steubenville, Ohio, in 
iSoo, and died in 1856. The latter was born 
in Pennsyhania in 1803 and died in 1880. 
Mr. Barr's jjresent wife is the daughter of 
Daniel and I'lvaline Curd, of near Frankfort, 
Kentucky. Daniel Curd was l)orn in 1808 
and Fvaline in 1801. 

.Mr. FJarr is a member of the M. F. church 
and his wife is a member and worker in the 
O. F. S. and Rebekah lodges of Newman, and 
is a leading worker in the Christian church. 


the ))rovince of West Prussia. Germany. M.iy 
30, iS6(), and is a son of Christ and Christian 
(Schlack) Hapke, who w'ere natives of the 
same province. His father was a l)lacksmith 
by trade, who emigr.ited to this country in 
1S71 and located in Michigan City, Laporte 
county, Indiana, where he follow-ed his trade 
and also engaged in farming. He resides at 
present four and one-half miles east of Michi- 
gan City. He served in the war of Germanv 
against Austria in 1866. 

Adolpli Hapke, the leading jeweler and 
optician and one of the rising and successful 
young business men of Newman, was born in 

.\dolpli Hajjke received a common school 
education and at the age of seveuleen went to 
-Michigan City, where he served an apprentice- 
ship of four years at his trade. In 1898 he 
located at Newman, having previously taken 
a course in ojilics at the Chicago Oi)hth;d- 
mology College. 

On October 11, 1899, he was married to 
Miss Josephine, a daughter of Enoch Gordon, 
of Newman. After his marriage he pur- 
chased the residence of C. F. Eagler, and it is 
one of the elegantly furnished homes of New- 



mail. After his marriage the Newman In- 
deiienilent spoke of liim as follows: "Mr. 
Hapke came to Newman about two years ago, 
and since then his deahngs with our people have 
been honorable, and he has formed ties of 
frienilship that will always last. The bride 
is one of Newman's most deserving young 
ladies, who was graduated in the spring of 
1899 from the high school of Newman with 

Mr. Hapke carries a large stock of jew- 
elry, and by his honest and upright motle of 
doing luisiness has put himself on the road 
to building up a most prosperous business. 


J. M. Hawkins, an intelligent farmer, who 
saw three years of service in the war of the 
Rcbtllion, is a son of John Hawkins, who 
was born near Harper's Ferry, Virginia, and 
who came to Douglas county in 1851, and 
settled (in a farm three miles south of New- 
man, where he resided and was prominent in 
his neighborhood up until his death, which 
occurred in the year 1S80. Among some more 
of the earlier settlers are mentioned Cornelius, 
Robert and James Hopkins, Robert Albin and 
luiocli Newell, who are all early settlers from 
Indiana. John Hawkins wedded Margaret 
Cassady, of Ohio, but a native of Virginia. 

J. M. Hawkins was born in Pickaway 
county, Oiiio, February 5, 1839, and came 
to Douglas county in the fall of the year above 

mentioned. In February, 1862, he vdlun- 
teered in the First Missouri Regiment of In- 
fantry and participated in many of the princi- 
pal battles of the war, remaining out until its 
close. He afterward returned home and en- 
gaged in farming, and succeeded in making 
an honest living and securing the good opinion 
of his neighbors. His farm contains only 
forty-four acres, but he is satisfied with it. 

In 1867 our subject was united in marriage 
to Miss Sarah Johnson, a daughter of J. T. 

Johnson, who practiced medicine at Bourbon 
up to 1871, when he removed to Barton coun- 
ty, Missouri, where he died some sixteen years 
ago at the age of sixty-four years. He was a 
native of Ohio. Mr. Hawkins is a member 
of the Grand Army of the Republic, Masonic 
fraternity and Knights of Pythias. He is 
unassuming in his manner and gentle in his 
conduct toward his fellow men. 




.\hraiii H. Moore, deceased, father of 
Edward M. and Morris L. Moore, was bom in 
]>ourl)on townslii]), Douglas county, Illinois, 

December 7, 1838, and was of old Virginia 
ancestry, lie died May 11, 1S83, at the age 
of forty-four years. His father was Jacob 
Rice Moore and his mother Amanda Moore 
(see sketches of Win. E., Jacob R., Jr., and 
others.) .\])rani II. Moore was married to 
Mary E. Miller, of Mattoon, Illinois, January 
31, 1865. To their union were born three 
children : Edward McClellan, Morris Logan, 
and Mary Catherine, Morris and Kate being 
twins. Mary Catherine died September 18, 
1890, and Mary E. died Octol)er 20, 1894. 
Abram H. at his death owned a farm of three 
liundrcil and twenty acres in Bourbon town- 
slip, adjoining the old Moore homestead. He 
was cf a sober, industrious disposition an. I 
was highly respected by his large cn-jle of 
friends and neighbors. He was an invalid lor 
five years prior to his death. 


E.dw. McC. Moore, the oldest son of Abram 
H. and Mary E. Moore was born ;it the home 
of his father, three miles west of .Areola, Bour- 
liun township. Douglas county, Illinois, Octo- 
ber 20, 1865. He secured his education in the 
neighborhood schools. .\t the age of si.xtcer. 
years Mr. Moore left school on account of the 
death of his father and took charge of iiie 
farm, and he has been successful as a farmer, 
stock raiser and feeder. In i8i;3 he was mar- 
ried to Miss Lena Kelley, a daughter of Mr. 
lienjamin Kelley. who was an early settler in 
-Moultrie county, from Kentucky. At present 
he spends most of his time among his child-cn, 
in Morida, California, Kansas, Washington, 
Nebraska and Illinois. To Mr. ;n)d Mrs. 
Mof)re two very interesting children have been 
born : Albert Henry and Mary Vivian. Mr. 
Moore owns two hundred and sixtv acres of 

well improved land, and has had some ex- 
perience in office. He is of good moral char- 
acter and his friends are many. 




Morris Logan Moore, son of Abram H. 
and Mary E. Moore, was born April 28, 1S69, 
at the home of liis father, three miles west of 
Areola. Illinois, in Bourbon township, and 

owns and lives on the old home, consisting of 
two hundred and ten acres of well improved 
land. He received his early training at the 
common country schools and attended Lee"s 
Academy at Loxa. Illinois, one year. Prof. 
Lee being one of the eminent educators of his 
time. Later he attended the normal at Val- 
paraiso, Indiana, for a period of two years, 
where he pursued the scientific and teacher's 
course. After leaving college he taught school 
for one year and then traveled extensively 
throughout the west and southwest. He is un- 
married, has served his township as collector 
for two years, and is a Royal Arch Mason in 
high standing. Courteous, quiet, well informed 
and enterprising, he stands as one of the repre- 
sentative and successful young business men of 
the county. 


J. Park McGee, M. D., a prominent and 
well known citizen of Brushy Fork, and 
closely identified with the material interests of 
the county, was born January 5. 1847, in 
Clark county, Indiana, and is a son of. William 
Park McGee, a native of Washington county, 
Pennsvlvania, of Scotch- 1 risli extraction. 
He was a saddler by trade, and a son of Rob- 
ert McGee, who was an early settler in Penn- 
sylvania. The Park family are a very prom- 
inent familv of Washington count)'. Pennsyl- 
vania, and the okl homestead still lielongs to 
j(^hn Park, of the third generation from Isa- 
bella' Park. Our suljject's mother, whose 
maiden name was Tamar Tom. was born in 
the oil regions, on the Allegheny river in Al- 
legheny county, Pennsylvania. His father 
was born on the iMonongahela river, in 
Washington county, the same state. The 

Doctor's grandmother, Isabella Park Mc- 
Gee. was a daughter of John Park and sister 
of Hugh Park. William Park McGee 



(fiitlicr) learned his trade in Pittsburg, emi- 
grated about llie year 1820, on a flat-boat to 
Louisville. Kentucky, but settled across the 
river in Xew Chariestown. Clark county. Indi- 
ana, where he farmed and followed his trade, 
lie died April 2~. 1862, and is buried in 
( )\\en Creek cemetery. 

j. P'ark McGee was reared in Clark coun- 
ty, and was jjrincipally educated in Wabash 
College, taking an irregular course with the 
object in view of jireparing himself for his 
])rofession. remaining in this college three 
\ears. lie subse(|uently read medicine with 
Dr. Work, of Chariestown. entered the Eclectic 
College of Cincinnati and was graduated in 
1872. lie afterward took one course of lec- 
tures in the i\ush Medical College of Chicago. 
and had a ccmiphnientary degree conferred 
uiJun him by the faculty of this well-known 
in.stitution in 1887. Me was elected to the 
Legislature from the Republican district com- 
posed of Douglas. Coles and Cumberland 
counties, in 1884. 1888 and 1892. Pie was 
elected as a Democrat and at each re-electitjn 
carried the district by increased majorities. 
He assisted in jiassing the bill to legalize dis- 
secting, anil for so doing Rush Metlical Col- 
lege ccjuferred upon him a complimentary de- 
gree. During the first term he was chairman 
of the sanitary committee, and member of ap- 
])ropriation. education, insurance, rexenue and 
railroads C(jmmiltees. Dr. McGee is one of 
the ijioneer silver men of the state, as pro- 
claimed in the Chicag(j platform of 1896, and 
was a delegate who took a prominent part in 
the state con\ention at Springfield in 1895, 
the first silver state convention ever held. 
The Doctor located at Brushy Fork in 1874, 
and has practiced his profession there ever 

since. In 1864 he joined Com])rmy K, One 
Hundred Thirty-seventh Illinois Infantry, and 
served to the expiration of his term of enlist- 
ment, and he has a certificate of thanks from 
P'-esiuent l.i:uiln for ser\'ices rendered hi^ 
country. J le owns two hundred and fifty acres 
'if land: is a Knight Templar in Maso'-ry. and 
has never been married. He will visit the 
Paris Fair this year and make a loiu" of lui- 
rope. Dr. McGee's life has been a busy one 
and thuMug all the years of his residence in the 
township the time has been fully taken up in 
what he conceived to be his public and private 
duty. He is a man of un(|uest:onable integ- 
rity, honesty in his business tran.sactions, and 
generous in his disposit'on. with a wide char- 
ity for mankind. 



Charle:; F. Jenne is one of the most suc- 
cessful merchants and enleri)rising business 
men of Douglas county, residing at .\rthur, 
where lie and his partner, Fred B. lleckman, 



own and conduct two large stores, one a gen- 
eral h;n-d\\are establishment and the other 
furniture and undertaking. Me has resided 
at Arthur since 1885, and was in business 
alone until three years ago when he took in 
his present partner. Since his residence in 
Arthur he has always gi\-en his support to all 
worthy enteqirises calculated to promote the 
welfare of his town and county, and is valued 
as a citizen by the entire community. 

Charles F. Jenne was born in Ross county. 
Ohio, in 1855 and is a son of Henry \V. and 
Mary (Smith) Jenne. who were natives of 
(jermany. He was reared and educated in the 
common schools of Ross county. Ohio. In 
1880 he was united in marriage to Miss Sallie 
J. Warren, a daughter of T. T. Warren, a na- 
tive of Douglas county. Mr. Jenne is a 
Mason and takes dee]) interest in Masonic af- 
fairs, having served as master of Arthur 
Lodge, No. 825, for three years. 


Thomas 11. Rutherford, the present super- 
visor of Newman township, and one of the 
acknowledged leaders in farming as well as 
in political affairs of Douglas county, was born 
at Oakland, Coles county. Illinois, January 
16, 1853. He is a son of Dr. Hiram Ruther- 
ford, settling there in the year 1840, one of the 
pioneers, and at the time of his death he was 
one of the oldest physicians in eastern Illinois, 
and one of the largest land owners as well. 
He has written much oi the early settlers, es- 
pecially of the eccentric ones of this region. 

He has a remarkal>le memory, and probably 
knew more of the earlv historv of Douglas 
and Coles counties than any other man within 
their bounds. 

He was born in Cumberland Valley, near 
Harrisburg. Pennsylvania. December 27, 1815. 
( For further facts pertaining to ancestry, see 
work of Dr. Eagle, state librarian of Penn- 
sylvania, on early families of the Cumberland 
\ alley. ) Dr. Hiram Rutherford, after attend- 
ir;g Jefferson University, commenced the prac- 
tice of medicine at the age of twenty-five vears. 
at Millersburg. Pennsvl\'ania. 

Thomas H. Rutherfortl received his edu- 
cation in the schools of Oakland, and on Oc- 
tober 15, 1874, he was united in marriage to 
Miss Sarah R. Zimmerman, a daughter of 
John B. Zimmerman, who settled in Oakland 
township in 1837. To them have been born 
four children: Cyrus W.. Bessie (deceased), 
Hiram B., and Katie. Mr. Rutherford re- 
sides on his beautiful farm of two hundred 



and flirty acres, just iiMitli <il" Xcwniaii. ami 
is one of the niusl inlluenlial leailei's ul the 
Republican party in tlie connty. He has been 
sch'M)] treasurer of lownsliii) No. 16. range 
1 1, since tlie spring of 1S76. In 1885 lie was 
elected commissioner of liigliways and held 
that ofticc until Decemher. 1890, when he re- 
signed to he a]j])ointed supervisor to fill the 
vacancy of L. E. Root, who was elected county 
treasurer. Jle was re-elected supervisor in 
1892, also in 1894, and was elected chairman 
of the hoard in 189^^ and 181)4. Jle ''s nov.' 
a member of the committee on li.ianc-', re- 
funding of la.x and public buildings and 
grounds. Socially he belongs to the Newman 
Blue Lodge and is past high ])rie:;t if the 
Riiyal .\rch Alasons, Newman Chapter. No. 
1/2. and is also a memlier of JMelita Com- 
mandery. No. -37, Knights Templar: is a 
Knight of I'ythias and a member of the Mod- 
ern Woodmen. 

Mr. Rutherford is a man of action and 
business capacity, and whatever cause he es- 
pouses he generally carries througli success- 
fullv. with a \;m and earnestness which are 
ill a high degree characteristic (jualities of his 


Joseph S. Wyeth was for many years 
previous to liis death prominently identified 
witii the affairs of Douglas county. He, with 
his brother, T.. J., and their wives, came to 
Coles countv in 1850 and settled on farms four 
miles south of Hindsboro, wliere they re- 
mained until i860, when thev removed to 

'lu>ciila and engaged in mercantile business. 
The parliier^hip lasted fdur \ears. when it was 
dissohed. L. j. remaining in the business an<l 
j<iseph S. lucating on a farm in (iarrett town- 
shi]) where his widow now resides. This was 
in i8C)4. ( For a very full and complete an- 
cestry cif the \\ \elh famih- see sketch of L. 
J. Wyeth on another page). 

b'rom the Tuscola Review: "Tuesday 
morning, at his home in Garrett township, 

Joseph S. W'yelli. a pioneer resident and farm- 
er of Douglas county, departed this life. He 
was seventy years and two months old. 

"Deceased was born in Franklin county. 
Massachusetts. April 15. 1828. In 1850 he 
was united in marriage to Miss Joanna Hunt 
in Licking county, Ohio. Mrs. Wyeth and 
six children survi\'e him. and two children 
long since jjreceded their father t(j the grave. 
Mr. W_\x'tli had been in poor health for many 
years, and the last few years of his life seld(3m 
left the home ])lace." 



".\t rnie time lie was quite a wealthy man 
ami was a large dealer in live stock, but ow- 
ing to failing health he was obliged to retire 
from active life a number of years ago. He 
leaves his family well provided for. Those 
who best know him speak of Mr. \\'yeth in 
the highest praise as a citizen, neighbor antl 
Christian man. During his life he followed 
the bible injunction to 'do unto others as you 
would have them do unto you,' and he went 
to the grave honored and respected by all who 
knew him. 

"Funeral services were held at 2 o'clock 
yesterday afternoon at Cartwright church. 
Rev. Geo. Rippey officiating, and it was one 
of the largest funerals ever held in Garrett 

Mrs. W'yeth, his widow, is a daughter of 
Elijah Hunt and Rhoda (Ilillyer) Hunt, who 
were born respectix'ely in Vermont and Con- 
necticut and were engaged in agriculture pur- 
suits. Elijah Hunt, her father, was in the 
war of 18 1 2. His death occurred February 
12, 1873, in the seventy-seventh year of his 
age. Her grandfather, Ju.stin Hillyer, was a 
Revolutionary soldier. Her grandfather 
Hunt was a native of Vermont. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Wyetli were born the following children : 
Rhoda, wife of W. B. Brenton, of La Salle, 
Illinois; Franklin L., farmer in Garrett town- 
.ship; Harry L., also a farmer in the same 
tcjwnshi]); Susan, wife of Joseph Gregory, of 
Garrett township; Luella, wife of William 
Romine, of Garrett, and Daisy, who is the 
wife of John Burk, a merchant of Garrett. 
The farm upon which Mrs. Wyeth resides 
is owned by her and two of her sons and con- 
tains three hundred and thirty-seven acres. 


William T. Moore, generally known as 
Squire Moore, is a leading citizen and farmer 
of Areola township, and is a member of one of 
the earliest and most prominent families in 
Douglas county. He was born in Parke 
county, Indiana, September 5, 1830, and is a 
son of Jacob Moore, the pioneer of the family 
in the county, who was a native of Kentucky. 

'Squire Moore's grandfather, Abraham 
Moore, and his wife, nati\es of \'irginia, were 
early settlers in Shelby county, Kentucky, 
wdiere they spent the remainder of their lives. 
'Squire Moore removed with his parents from 
Parke county to what is now known as the 
Moore neighborhood when he was but four 
years old. Here he grew^ to manhood and 
obtained the advantages of an ordinary school 
education. In 1856 he was united in mar- 
riage to Margaret E. Louthan, who is a 
daughter of John and Margaret (Carter) 



Loiitlian. Ixnli of whom were born in Fred- 
erick county. Vire^inia. she being tlie youngest 
of twelve cliilchen. John Lonthan was born 
Dccemlicr ii, 1779. and died May 7. 1864. 
He first removed to Edgar county, and in 1844 
settled on the Okaw in Bourbon township, 
where he bought about one thousand acres of 
land. He was a .son of Henry Lonthan, who 
was a n;it!ve Scotchman. Ilis wife was a 
daugliter of .\rthur Carter, who was born in 
Ireland, and whn later emigrated and lived in 
Virginia. * 

To Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Mnorc have liccn 
born six oh Idren : Sarah M.. living at home; 
Charles .\. and Ferdinand, who arc pmmineiit 
farmers in Coles county ; Laura, who is the 
widow of Ro!iert Black (see sketch), and re- 
sides in .Xrccl.'i: .Mxe V>. and Henry. Mr. 
Moore has for eighteen years filled the olilice 
of justice of the peace, has served three terms 
as township collector, and two terms as as- 
sessor. He owns one Inuidrcd and ninety 
acres, and the old homestead and one hundrctl 
and twenty acres in Coles county. He has 
been twenty-five years a Mason and a member 
(pf the .\rcola lodge and chapter, and is also 
an Odd Fellow. Fie is well known and popu- 
lar with all classes of people and is one of the 
stanch Democrats of the county. 


Benjamin W. Gere, a talented young law- 
yer of .Areola, with brilliant prospects in the 
legal profession, was admitted to practice in 
the courts of Illinois in February,- 1897, after 

having read law in the oflke of Barrick & 
Cofer, of Areola. 

Mr. Gere was born January 23, 1871, at 
Bourbon, and is a son of \\\'irren 1!. and Jen- 
nie (Thomi)son) Gere. His father has been 
engaged in the grain business all his life and 
is one of .Areola's highly respected citizens. 

Mr. Gere, in partnership with Mr. Albert 
Snyder, act as agents for fifteen of tlic leading 

fire insurance companies of the country. He 
has served Areola most efficiently as city at- 
torney. In the recent race for county attor- 
ney Mr. (icie was a candidate and had many 
friends throughout the county, but the con- 
ditic-ns wore such that would force the nomi- 
nation of Mr. Chadwick, so Mr. Gere with- 
'Irew; iiy doing so it will no doubt increase 
his chances four years hence. Fie owns prob- 
abl}' the second largest law library in the 
ccunly. is rapidly forging to the front in 
his pn)fession. In ])olitical opinion he is a 
stanch Republican and takes an active interest 
in his party's success. 




John A. Reeder, Jr., wlio is one of the lead- 
ing farmers in Bourbon township, was born in 
Darke county, Ohio, October 3, 1854, and is a 
son of John A. and Mary B. ( Harter) Reeder, 
natives of tlie same county in Oliio. John A. 
Reeder removed to Douglas county and located 
where his son John A. now resides. After com- 
ing to the county he rented for eight years and 
then purcha.sed two hundred and fifty acres of 
land and later became one of the influential citi- 
zens of Bourbon township. His death occurred 
in 1892 in the seventy-seventh year of his age. 
He was also a very successful trader in both 
real estate and buving and selling li\'e stock. 
{ For further facts of the family see sketch of 
brother at Garrett.) 

John A. Reetler was united in marriage to 
Miss Mary A. Corbett in 1881. She is a 
daughter of Michael Corbett, of Arthur, who 
was born in Ireland in 1827, emigrated to this 
country in 1846 and was for five years em- 
ployed on Mississippi river steamboats, after 
which he located in Sangamon county and pur- 
chased fifty acres of land, paying ten dollars 
per acre.. After working and improving it for 
two years he sold it for fifty dollars per acre. 
He then came toDouglas county, where he pur- 
chased land for nine dollars per acre, part of 
which he afterward sold for one hundred and 
twenty-five dollars per acre. In 1858 he mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth York, of Sangamon coun- 
ty. Mr. Corbett is living a retired life at Ar- 

To I\Ir. and Mrs. Reeder have been born 
five children: Harry, aged sixteen years; 
Bertha, fifteen; George, thirteen; Fred, eleven, 
and Katie. He owns ninety acres of land, 

which is a part of the old homestead, and de- 
servedly ranks as one of the reputal)le citizens 
of the county. 


Daniel W. Reed, the popular and accommo- 
dating deputy county clerk, was born in Tus- 
cola, March 1 1, 1864. He is a son of John T. 
and Annie (W'alters) Reed, who were natives 
of Pennsyhania. John T. Reed was reared t'' 
manhood in Pennsyh-ania, where he learned the 
tailor's tratle, at which he worked in his young- 
er (lavs, and in 1862 came to Illinois and set- 
tled on a farm in Tuscola township. 

Daniel W. Reed grew to maturity on the 
farm and was engaged in school teaching for 
se\'en vears, having been principally educated 
at the Dan\ille, Indiana, Normal School. For 
two \-ears Mr. Reed served efficiently and ac- 
ceptably to the citizens of Tuscola on the city 
])olice force. In 1887 he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Alice Price, and to their mar- 
riage ha\'e been born two lo\-ely children: Lu- 
cile and Louise. Mr. Reed is a member of the 
Ma.sonic fraternity and also of the Woodmen. 
In political opinion be has always been a con- 
sistent Republican and an effective worker in 
the ranks of his party. As an officer he is al- 
most universally liked by the people throughout 
Douglas county. 


Robert E. Milligan, the acconnnodating 
and gentlemanly li\'eryman of Tuscola, who 
succeeded Dr. Ramsey to his business in 1897, 



was burn in Lawrence county, Illinois. Novem- 
lier _'4. 1S56. He was reared to nianlnxxl on 
;•. farm in iiis nati\e countv and is a son ol 

l)a\id Millif^an. wlio was also born in Law- 
rence county and wbo was a son of John Mil- 
ligan, who eniij;'ratcd from Sditland in the 
early days and later became an early settler in 
Lawrence county. Robert II. ]\Iilliyan"s 
motbei-. IClvira (ironl, was a daughter of Nay- 
bam (irout. a nati\e of \ erniont. 

Robert L. Milli^an. like man\' other suc- 
cessful men. has made bis own \\a\- throus^h 
life unaided. His rule of life has ever been 
one of strict inte<;-rity. and whatever he does 
he does well. In manner he is ])leasant and 
.sfenial, easily making friends and holding 

In 1S79 ""'' subject was united in marriage 
to Miss Mary Butler, of Lawrence county, Illi- 
nois. They have one child, a daughter, Ger- 
trude. Mr. Milligan and wife are consistent 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

JAMES .\. RK11.\1.\.\. 

James .\. Ricbiuan is one of ibe best known 
fanners in Douglas county, and owns one of 
the linest and best improxed farms and most 
beautiful lionies in tlie county. Mis farm is 
situated in the northern part of L'aniargo 
townshi]), and his residence is three-(|uarters 
of a mile west of \"illa ( iro\e. 

.Mr. Richman was born near C'amargo, Illi- 
nois. SeiJtember 13. JH44, and is the third .son 
of Da\id Richman. He grew to manhood on 
his father's frrm near Camargo, and in 1X64 
volunteered in the Ci\il and was a mem- 
ber of Com])an\' G, One Hundred and Tbirty- 
lifth Regiment. In J865 Mr. Richman was 
mustered out of the service and returned to W\> 
former home, and in Xo\ember ol the same 
\-ear was married to Miss Sarali Williams, who 
is a daughter of John \^'ill•ams, a nat'xe of 
Kentuckw The latter was a \-olnnteer in tliL" 

L nion armw and died while in the serxice in 
1862, To Mr. and Mrs. Richman have been 
born six children, fi\-e of whom are li\-ing: 



Franklin and Charlie, both engaged in farni- 
ine; Hattie, wife of Dr. Gilmore, of V^illa 
Grove; Guy, a telegraph operator in Tuscola, 
and John, at home. An infant daughter died 
in January, 1875. 

In 1869 Mr. Richman bought one hundred 
and sixty acres of land upon which the home- 
stead now stands, and in April of the .same 
year he moved upon it. By hard labor and 
shrewd management Mr. Richman was enabled 
from time to time to buy more land, and now 
he has equipped one of the largest and best 
stock farms in the county, he having devoted 
much of his time to the raising of cattle and 
hogs. Mr. and Mrs. Richman arc memljers 
of the M. E. church at \'illa Grove, and are 
always among the first to give for the aid of 
the piior and needy. Mr. Ricliman has always 
been a strong supporter of the Democratic 

James A. Richman is a memlicr of the old 
and prduiinent Richman family which enjoys 
the distinction of being the oldest settled 
family in the county, his grandfather, John 
A. Richman, having been the oldest resident 
in the county at the time of his death. He 
located here over three-quarters of a century 
ago, the first permanent white settler in the 
district now embraced in Douglas county, 
The Richmans are of English and German 
descent. Dax'id Richman was born in Green- 
lirier county. West Virginia, October 25, 1816. 
When in his elc\-enth year his family left Vir- 
ginia. John A. Richman. his father, had a 
large familv of children and wanted more land, 
hence his removal from Virginia to Illinois. 
The cattle, sheep and horses could not be sold 
at home, and so were driven to their western 
destination. Arriving in Vermilion county, 


Illinois, they settled on the head of the Little 
\'ermilion river. Here they lived on rented 
land, and raised two crops. In company with 
one Moses Bradshow, Mr. Richman's father 
visited the Embarrass timber on a bee hunt. 
In eight or ten days they got three or four bar- 
rels of honey. Mr. Richman was so well 
pleased with the land in the neighborhood of 
where they encami)ed that he resolved to re- 
move to that country and take up some of the 
wild land there. The family left Vermilion 
county in ]\Iay following and settled on the 
Embarrass timber one-half mile west of Cam- 
argo. There was not another family of 
whites living in the present limits of the county 
at the time. There were no settlers north of 
Charleston. Eor a year they remained the 
only family in the cimnty. In about eighteen 
months after their arrival they had a neighbor 
in Isaac Moss, who settled about a mile east 
of the present town of Camargo. The In- 
dians were in the neighborhood for aliout three 
years after their arrival. Bridgeport now oc- 
cupies the site of their old village. They 
came in the fall and remained over winter, 
and in the spring journeyed further ni;)rth, 
where they spent the summer. The first sum- 
mer the Richmans lived in a rough camp built 
of logs split in two. They commenced farm- 
ing by trying to lireak the prairie, "but found 
their teams too weak for this, and so began 
work in the timber. They kept at work, clear- 
ing, breaking and planting, till the loth of 
July, when they succeeded in putting fourteen 
acres in with corn. They then began work at 
building a house. The logs were hewn r)ut, 
and part on the ground, when several mem- 
bers of the family were taken tlown with the 
ague, seven out of eleven, and for several 



iiKintlis were able to do nothing whatever. 
Their house was not put up in consecjuence 
till the succeeding summer. This house may 
still he seen in a good state of preservation, 
just north of the railroad and half a mile west 
of Camargo. For many years the family en- 
dured the hardships and inconveniences of pio- 
neer life. Their pork was sold for one dollar 
and a half to two dollars a hundred, but they 
.saved a little money even at these prices and in- 
vested it in land, till tinally the amount reached 
seven hundred acres. 

At the age of twenty-three David Rich- 
man was married to Ruth Haines, a native of 
Ohio. To them were born seven children: 
John, George, James, Samuel, William, Tay- 
lor and David, of whom John. George and 
David are deceased. Mr. Richman's life w^as 
full of hardships and exposure. In 1832 he 
contracted a severe cold, which settled upon 
his luntjs ruid soon resulted in his death. 


First Lieutenant Oliver T. Hunt (kmiwn 
as Cai)tain). a retired farmer of Tuscola. Illi- 
nois, and a well kmnvn and liighly respected 
citizen of the county, is a native of Randolph 
county, Indiana, and was born within eight 
miles to Winchester, the county seat, June 13, 
1832. He is a son of Miles Hunt, who mar- 
ried Mary L. Botkin ; they were natives re- 
spectively of Fleming county, Kentucky, and 
Kno.K county, Temiessee. Bazil Hunt (grand- 
father) was born in England. Four brothers 
of the Hunt family came from England in 

about the year. 1 779 or 1780. One was killed 
in llie Revolutionary war; one settled in Mary- 
lantl ; one in X'irginia. and r>azil, the grand- 
father of the subject, settled in Fleming coun- 
ty, Kentucky, and moved in an early day to 
Indiana, where he died, leaving a family and 
widow. Miles llunl. his youngest son, laid 
out and platted the village of Hunts\ille, ex- 
pecting at some future time it would become 
the county seat. His family were eleven in 
number, seven boys and four girls. All the 

children married when of age and settled as 
fiillnws: 'i'lirce nf the girls, M;ilinila Kcever, 
Rachel Stcvcnsiin ;md Caroline Okerson, were 
all married in Randolph county, Indiana, and 
moved to Nodaway county. Missouri, with 
their husbands. .'\lso jnhn C. Hunt, who 
married l-lmnia I.ane in .\tchison county, Mis- 
souri, and is an attorney of no mean standing 
in Rockport, the county seat of .Atchison coun- 
ty. William Tipton Hunt was married on the 
same date as was our subject, to Celestine 
l!;ium, daughter nf Charles IJaum, of N'ermil- 



ion count3% Illinois. He died at Oklahoma 
City while a juryman of the United States 
court in the Indian Territory, April 15, 1891. 
His wife returned to Vermilion county, Illi- 
nois, and died July 3, 1893. 

Miles Hunt, the father, departed this life 
in Logan county at the home of his youngest 
son, Alonzo, in Oklahoma Territory, on De- 
cemher 14, 1893. James D. Hunt, his son. now 
resides in Oklahoma county, that Territory. 
Miles Hunt's wife died April 10, 1895, in Lo- 
gan county, Indian Territory, and is at rest 
by the side of her husband. Bezelleel and 
Henry C. Hunt both enlisted in the Sixty- 
ninth Indiana Regiment in 1862. Henry C. 
was wounded at the battle of Richmond, Ken- 
tucky, and Bezelleel. remaining with him, was 
taken prisoner, but was paroled. Both were 
afterward married, but first studied medicine 
and became M. D."s. Henry lives in Mont- 
pelier, Blackford county, Indiana, and has a 
lucrative practice. Bezelleel died in Douglas 
county, Illinois, in August, 1869, leaving a 
widow, whose maiden name was Branham. 
Sarah J. married Leander McMillen, of Penn- 
sylvania, who was also a jihysician. He died 
leaving one son, Bennett H. The widow after- 
ward married a man of Vermilion county, Il- 
linois, Benjamin Dickson by name. There 
were seven of Miles Hunt's children who 
taught school, viz. : O. P., William T., 
Henry C, B. T., J. C, A. L. and Sarah Jane. 
i See new history of Indiana by the Hon. W. 
H. Lnglish.) 

Our subject, O. T. Hunt, received a com- 
mon-school education, unlike the common 
schools of the jiresent day, as in his early boy- 
hood schools were secured by subscription. 
His father would pay the tuition of five 

scholars and send but one or two in order to 
secure a teacher. Often men with no children 
to send to school would pay the tuition of a 
scholar to induce some one who could read 
and write to teach. The old elementary 
spelling book was the text book, with some 
reading in it, with the stories of "the man's ox 
tliat had been gored Ity his neighbor's" and the 
"boy in the apple tree." The primary class 
constituted the ABC divisions (with the al- 
phabet torn from the spelling book and pasted 
on a paddle to protect and preserve it). When 
one had mastered the old elementary spelling 
book, grammar and arithmetic, writing and 
geography were studies the parents could 
choose from, any or all of them. The old En- 
glish reader was indispensible, and all who 
had thoroughly mastered the spelling book 
must read in it, which was not suitable to the 
condition of the children. As well had them 
enter the Latin class of to-day, as there was 
not half of the words the children knew the 
meaning of, while the facilities of to-day are 
much improved as the child climbs step by 
step and is expected to master every study. 
Yet we are pained to see the graduate who, 
])arrot-like, can only repeat what he has thor- 
oughly committed — "Polly wants her break- 
fast." The greatest trouble, we think, espe- 
cially in the common schools, is with the teach- 
ers. A child recites well when it recites by 
rote or has committed the language of the 
author. This is no test, only of memory; it 
does not show that the student has any thought 
of his own, or that he understands the recita- 
tion he recites. Hence, while life at best is 
short, the main object should be in teaching 
anything to stimulate and draw out of the 
child all the rea.soning powers, and you have 



liiitl a touiulalion tliat is everlasting wlien the 
cliild has learned tliat the first and great step 
in an edncation is for one to think for himself. 
Now as to the suljject. O. T. Hunt's 
mother was a daughter of Hugh M. B(itkin, 
of Scotch descent, a native of Tennessee, who 
settled near Winchester, Indiana, in an early 
day. with his family, where many f)f his de- 
scendants are now living. William Rotkin, 
one of his sons, owns and lives on the farm 
his father first settled on in Indiana. When 
O. T. Hunt arri\ed at manhood he taught his 
first sch'iol in Huntsvillc, Randolph county, 
his own hrothers and sisters attending the 
school, and he says they ga\c him more 
trouble than all the rest of the scholars, and 
if it hafl not iieen for his father he expects he 
would have had to give up the school; but be- 
tween them they settled down to business. He 
commenced the study of law when only twenty 
)ears f>ld, read Blackstones Commentaries, 
and in 1835 he bought Kent's Commentaries, 
Parson on Contracts, Greenleaf on Evidence 
and Gould's Pleading. In i<S56 he went to 
X'ermilion county, Illinois, and taught school, 
studied at his spare times his te.xt-books, and 
taught school in that State over two years. 
He returned to Randolph county in 1H58 and 
on motion of Judge Jeremiah Smith he was 
:idmittcd to the RandoIjJi county Ijar to prac- 
tice law. He then went back to Illinois and 
married Eliza J. McDowell on September i, 
1859, and returned to Randulph county, In- 
diana, where he and his wife l)oth taught a 
winter term of school. In the spring they went 
to Illinois, where he rented a farm near Indian- 
ola, in Vermilion county, and in 1862. when 
Lincoln revoked the order of Gens. Hunter and 
Fremont, saying he did not have the constitu- 

tional right to free the slaves of the south. Hunt 
concluded to raise a company, lie cdled two 
or three meetings and secured rpiite a numljer 
of names near Indianola, in Vermilion county, 
Illinois, and went to Danville and reported to 
Governor Vates. .\t this time George W. 
Cook, of Catlin. Illinois, learning of the mat- 
ter, went to see Hunt, as he had quite a num- 
ber of men enli.sted. and they consolidated and 
were made Comi)any K. of the One Hundred 
pud Twenty-fifth Regiment of Illinois \'ol- 
unteers. Cook was made captain of the com- 
pany. O. T. Hunt, first lieutenant, and Frank- 
lin Crosby, second lieutenant. and O.T.Harmon, 
colonel of the regiment. The latter lost his 
life at the charge of Kenesaw Mountain, after 
\\hich Hunt commanded the company (hence 
the a])pcllation "Captain"), and the Captain 
played major. The regiment was mustered 
in at Danville. Illinois, on the ^(\ day of Sep- 
tember. 1862. and .served during the war. The 
regiment went with Sherman to the .sea (.Sa- 
vannah. Georgia), thence to Richmond, and 
llie nnistcr-dut mils were m.ade out at Wash- 
ington City. D. C. They were dated June 9, 
1865. but were not delivered to the men until the 
latter part of June, when the regiment was paid 
ofl at Chicago and disbanded. Hunt bought 
a Peter Schutler lumber wagon in Chicago 
and returned to his family in Vermilion county. 
His wife, a daughter of John B. McDowell, 
a nati\e of Kentucky, inherited of her grand- 
father. David ^'arne]l. one hundred acres of 
l;md in Douglas county. Illinois, and Hunt 
improved the same, and through their eccju- 
omy and industry added thereto three hun- 
dred .'uid fifteen acres of land, making a total 
of fi>ur hundred and fifteen acres of land in 
Douglas County, .\fter Oklahuma Territory 



was o])ened up he went to that country and 
hought two claims of George Grant and his 
brother, or one half-section, within ten nr 
twelve miles of Oklahoma City. But he 
claims his environments and the war spoiled 
a good lawyer. He was commander of the 
McCowan Post, of Camargo, Grand Army of 
the Republic. That order growing weak, he 
surrendered the charter and joined the Frank 
Reed Post, of Tuscola, and is also or has been 
a member of the Grange. But he is opposed 
to secret political organization, as he says the 
Knownothing party of 1852- 1854 killed the 
old Whig party, and any party that will not 
bear the light of day and free discussion is 
dangerous to a free and independent govern- 
ment. He is a Stephen A. Douglas Demo- 
crat, as are the rest of his father's family, 
while all his near relatives are Republicans, or 
h.ave been. He takes a lively interest in poli- 
tics and the success of his party, making the 
race twice for state's attorney and once for 
county judge with credit ti) himself. 


William Heaton is one of the old land- 
marks of the county. For over half a century 
he has been an active and successful man of 
affairs, and at tiie age of eighty-three is still 
attending to business. He was born in Greene 
county, Pennsylvania, July 24, 1817, and is a 
son of Samuel and Margaret (Rose) Heaton, 
who were also born in Greene county, Penn- 
sylvania. His grandfather, John Rose, and 
President McKinley's grandmother were 
cousins. Williyrn Heaton (grandfathc; ) was 

a native of New Jersey, born Sejotemlier lO, 
1764, and fouglit under Andrew jack.-^on at 
the battle of Nev/ 0-leans. His wif'% Abi- 
gail, was born August 28, 1767. johr Rose, 
his maternal grandfather, was an early settler 
near Clarksville, Greene county, Pennsylvania, 
and owned a distillery, and in the words of 
IMr. Heaton was a great inventor, as he could 
draw five kinds of liquor out of the same bar- 
rel, and neither he nor any of his sons were 
ever known to be drunk either. He and his 
five sons were also opposed to drinking; in 
that earlv dav there were no organization 
known as the Prohibition party. I)ut princi- 
l)ally Democrats and Whigs. William Hea- 

ton's father grew quite wealthy for that day, 
but lost it by going on other people's bonds. 
He removed to New Washington, Ohiio, 
where he died. His mother died in Greene 

William Heaton received a moderate edu- 
cation in his younger days and worked hard 
r,n the farm. In 1838 he married Mary 
Hedge, a daughter of Jacob Hedge, of Greene 



county. Jacnl) lludj^c was a tj'ood citizen, a 
14(1(1(1 farmer. l)Ut nc\er liad oiiportunities to 
.sit in the state Lej^islature. William Ileaton's 
wi-fe (lied in 1886. To them were born seven 
children. Hi.s second and present wife is a 
most agreeable companion for him in his old 
age. She is a C(ntsin of his first wife. Mr. 
Heaton has been a very successful trader and 
has ])rol)ably bought and sold more land than 
any man in the county, h'or .several years he 
kept a land ofl'ice at Des Moines, Iowa, and 
paid twelve thousand dollars out of his own 
pocket toward the removal of the state capital 
from Towa City to Des Moines. He laid the 
foundation for llic Adair County Bank at 
Greenfiekl, Iowa, which is now owned and 
managed by his son, D. D. Heaton. He is 
now passing the sunset of life near the Pleas- 
ant Ridge church, in Xorth Newman town- 
ship, where he still enjoys life, and a])preciates 
a good story as well as he ever did. While 
in Iowa he was a political disciple of James B. 
Weaver and E. H. Gelette, serving as delegate 
to conventions and in other ways adding 
strength to the cause. I le hopes to live to vote 
for William J. Bryan this fall. In the neigh- 
borhood in 'which he resides he is something 
ol a ])olitical freak, as nearly everybody around 
him lielieves m(«t devotedly in ;ni honest dol- 
lar and the constitution. 


Stroder McNeal Long, who was the sec- 
ond president of the Bank of Newman, Illi- 
nois, was born in Fayette county, Ohio, Oc- 

lolicr T), 1840. emigrated with his parents to 
the state of Illinois in 1S4S and located on a 
farm nine miles north of Paris, in Edgar 
county. He is a S(jn of Andrew and Margaret 
(Mark) Long, who were natives of Ohio. He 
worked on his father's farm in the summer 
and attended school in the winter until i860, 
u hen he commenced an academic course at 
Paris, Illinois. In the year following the Civil 
war broke out, and he enlisted in Company 
E, Twelfth Illinois Infantry. After three 

months" service, on account of a se\ere spell 
ol sickness, he was honorably discliarged and 
returned home. He engaged in farming and 
school teaching until the spring of 1867, when 
he mcned to Douglas county, where he pur- 
chased eighty acres of land on South Prairie, 
three miles south of Newman. He remained 
here until 1880, making farming and stock 
raising a specialty. He represented Sargent 
two terms on the county board of supervisors, 
187S-79. In 1884 he was elected a member 
of the Thirty-foimh General Assembly of the 



slate by a large majority in the district. His 
fidelity to party as well as to the people's in- 
terest, his sterling integrity and rectitude of 
purpose, won for him the appointment by the 
Republican caucas a member of the advisory 
committee that directed the party on all polit- 
ical (juestions. He was a member of the com- 
mittees on education, farm drainage, house 
contingent expense, state and municipal in- 
debtedness and canals and rivers. When he 
retired from the Ikhisc of representatives at 
the close of the session he had made a host of 
friends and few enemies. In 1898 he was 
again nominated 1iy his party of the fortieth 
senatorial district, but his death occurred be- 
fore the election. In the spring of 1888 he 
succeeded I. N. Covert as president of the 
Newman Bank, which position he held most 
acceptably to all parties concerned up to 1898, 
the time of his death. He was one of the pro- 
moters of the organization of the Newman 
Building & Loan Association, and was one of 
its prominent and ruling directors. He was 
also a charter member of Templestone lodge, 
No. 76, Knights of Pythias, and an enthusi- 
astic worker in that order. Mr. Long was a 
shrewd business man, straightforward, up- 
right and capable. During the World's Fair 
he was a member of the board of congress 
from Illinois. 

In 1872 our subject married Mary E. 
Pound, of Newman, Illinois. She is a daugh- 
ter of John M. and Rosalinda (Kester) 
Pounil, the former born in Clark county, In- 
diana, and the latter in Shelby county, Ken- 
tucky. To Mr. and Mrs. Long were born five 
children: Mabel M., wife of Henry A. Wine, 
of Indianapolis, Indiana; Potter P., married 
and residing on his farm south of Newman; 

Garnet A., wife of William McGee, of Mat- 
toon, Illinois; Cecile R. and Fay E. reside 
witli their mother. Mrs. Long and children 
own seven hundred acres of land, one hundred 
and twenty acres of which lies in Edgar coun- 
ty, also other valuable city property. She has 
recently completed one of the most imposing 
and beautiful residences in Newman. 


Jose]jh S. Williamson, one of the leading 
farmers and most favorably known citizens 
01 Douglas county, was born August 22, 1840, 
near Muncie, Indiana. He is a son of Peter 

Williamson and Rosana, his wife. His father 
w as born in Portsmouth, Ohio, and his mother 
ir. Germany. His paternal grandfather, 
Joseph \Villiamson, was a native of New Jer- 



sey, and his maternal grandfather, Jdhn 
Adams Shaffer, came from Germanx'. 

Jnseph S. Williamson was reared and edu- 
cated in Mnncie. in early life he tau_L;ht 
schodi during" the winters and worked u\hn\ the 
farm in crop time, after which he spent three 
years with a Xew \'nvk dry-goods firm. In 
iSd; he came tn this stale and located in Tus- 
cola, where he w;is successfidly engaged in the 
mercantile husiness in partnership with the late 
C W. C'ahert for six years. In 1870 he re- 
turned to Indiana and located at Mount Sum- 
mit, where he was engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness. In 1876 he returned to Douglas county, 
where he has been engaged in agriculture and 
stock raising on the ])resent farm, containing 
one hundred and sixty acres, and which is one 
of the best impro\ed farms in the county. He 
has been twice married. His first wife, Miss 
Rebecca Ice, who died in 1875, was a daugh- 
ter of Colonel Ice, of the war of 181 J. 
and Sarah Ice. whose mriiden name was Hick- There were horn to their marriage five 
chiklren. The li\ing are: Jesse Peter, Fran- 
cis luigene and Joseph .\l\a. Deceased: 
James and .Andrew, llis second wife, Miss 
I'rances l\. L. Kinsey. is a daughter of the late 
Joseph Kinsey and Josina, his wife, who was 
also a daughter i)f the above Col. Jesse Ice. 
To their marriage were born six children. 
The h\iiig are: l'c;irl May, Harry K., 
I'larle W., WilHam I., and Mira Marie. De- 
ceased, George I.. 

Mr. Williamson, while a resident of Tus- 
coki, was identified with the Ijoard of educa- 
tion, a member ni tjie board of aldermen, and, 
though never an office seeker, has filled many 
other positions of honor and trust. In all 
these public capacities he has been faithful, and 

bv his careful study of the political principles 
ol otu' country and his deep interest in educa- 
tion has pro\ed his devotion and interest in 
the Common welfare of^the people. For .some 
tunc his health has not been good and the past 
wititer he and .Mrs. Williamson spent in 
I'"lorida in search of health. Socially Mr. 
W'illi.-nnsoii is agreeable and companionable 
and has many friends who api)reciate his worth 
as a neighbor and Christian gentleman. 


Caleb (iarrett. son of Isam and Mary 
( Puckett ) Garrett, was born in Clinton county, 
Ohio, on the C)tli of July, iSiT). In 1819 the 
family nio\ed to Randoljili comity, Indiana, 
and, in 1823, to Vigo county, in the same state. 

where they remained until the final removal 
to Illinois. Whilst in the former state, the 
residence of the family was generally on the 



Fort Harrison prairie and about four miles 
south of Terre Haute. Caleb was about seven 
vears old when the family resided near the 
latter place. He was educated at a subscrip- 
tion school; his father being a man of educa- 
tion, he progressed under home instruction and 
learned rapidlv. In 1830 his mother died in 
Vigo county. Indiana, and for several years 
thereafter Mr. Isam Garrett and his two sons, 
Caleb and Nathan, kept house for themselves. 
In these days Caleb drove an ox team for L. 
H. Scott; he worked in the cnrn held for twen- 
ty-five cents a day, and made fence rails at from 
twenty to thirty cents per hundred, averag- 
ing one hundred anil fifty fur a clay's work. 
He went into the printing business at the ofiice 
of the Western Register in Terre Haute under 
Judge Amery Kinnc}' and John W. Osborn, 
the proprietors of the ofiice. Mr. Garrett re- 
turned to farming for awhile, and also worked 
as a carpenter and builder under Dr. Thomas 
Parsons, and having finally resolved to think 
and act for himself he returned to his favorite 
pursuits, farming and stock-raising, making 
success in them the object of his future life. 
He was for several years a tenant of Chauncey 
Rose, the well-known millionaire, for whom at 
the outset he worked at the ordinary occupa- 
tiiin of a farm hand, during which time he made 
tliiiusands of rails at the then usual \'erv small 
compensation ; and here began between the two 
men a warm personal regard, which was only 
terminated by the death of Mr. Rose. In 1833, 
in the company of George Jordan, the father of 
1. L. Jordan, of Tuscola, and of Levi Westfall, 
an uncle of R. E. H. Westfall, of Garrett town- 
ship, and also with a Kentucky friend, Mr. 
Garrett passed through this portion of Illinois, 
partly to indulge his love of adventure and 

l)artly to look up a locati(jn for a future home. 
l"he trip began at Terre Haute, by Baldwin's 
store, in Edgar county, Sadorus Grove, and 
into Springfield, Beardstown and Ouincy, then 
a wild, sparcely settled country. Mr. Garrett 
returned to Terre Haute by way of Meredosia, 
on the Illinois ri\'er, to Springfield and Decatiu'. 
I'^-om 1833 to 1839, pursuing his natural bent 
for exploration and adx'enture, he followed flat- 
boating down the W^abash, the Ohio and the 
Mississippi to New Orleans. The boats, made 
generally l)y the owner, were from eighty to 
one hundred and twenty feet long, and were 
laden to the gunwale with corn, pork and other 
produce. In 1840 he started from Terre Haute 
bound for New Orleans per steamer, and upon 
reaching the Wabash rapids they were run upon 
the rocks by a drunken pilot. Garrett and two 
others hired a skiff, and, crossing the river to 
Mt. Carmel, 1 Hindis, they chartered a hack and 
repaired to E\Tms\ille, at which point they took 
the large ri\er steamer Louisiana with two 
companions, one bountl for the mouth of the 
Cumberland, the other for the Tennessee. 
After a tedious voyage he arri\ed at New Or- 
leans, took a steamship and passed out to the 
gulf, and after a \ery stormy passage arrived 
safely at GaKeston. He went thence to Hous- 
ton, and there failing hi get a conveyance, 
started on hjot through Te.xas. He arri\ed 
at a hiiuse where he was offered and accepted 
the use of a pony. The next day he was pre- 
sented with a horse by a Dr. Heard, and pro- 
ceeding got into the \-icinity of hostile Indians, 
lie became for the nonce a Texas ranger, in 
which capacity he experienced considerable 
lighting with the Indians. In Travis county, 
I'exas, Mr. Garrett married Miss Irene Puck- 
ett, a daughter of Thomas Puckett. With her 



lie left 'I'cxas in an ox wagcm loaded willi 
])ecaiis and dry hides. Tliev arrived at llou.s- 
ton anil took a steamer to daKeston, ami thence 
to New Orleans, and In- the Mississippi to 
I'^vansxille. In(liana. laudiniL,'' .March 5. 1S41: 
they shortly alter arri\ed in Vigo county, that 
heing the connty in wliich liis wife was born. 
.^lrs. Irene (iarrelt has al\\a\s l)een remarkable 
lor an o])en lianded lilieralit}' toward her less 
I'ortnn.ite neighbors, which dispensed generally 
from her own pri\ate means earned her the 
blessings of the ])oor. In \'igo county Mr. 
Garrett retnrned to farming and stock-raising, 
during which time, about 1X42, he was elected 
to the Indiana state legislature, and at the 
succeeding term was re-elected. In 1845 '"^ 
made his .second tri]) to Illinois, and in 1846 
bought land in the west part of Tu.scola town- 
shi]), near the present farm of William Brian. 
He finally sold this land and located in the forks 
of the creek on section 3, township 15, range 
7. He also selected one hundred and sixty 
acres of land, being lots 2 and 3 in the north- 
east quarter of section 3, township 15, range 
7, and hewed a set of walnut logs for a home. 
In 1856 Mr. and Mrs. Garrett revisited Texas, 
including a long trip in a carriage by Price's 
Springs and Brazos I'alls in Cherokee county, 
where he examined lands; thence to Palestine 
and Marshall, from which place they w^ent forty 
miles to Shrevei)ort. Louisiana, thence by 
steamer to the mmUh ^\\ Ked ri\er. and by a 
similar conveyance to Evansville, Indiana, 
reaching home November 8, 1856. which was 
then Coles county. He then began improving 
his lands with orchards, barns and tlwellings. 
Mr. Garrett's lands in (j.arrett townshi)) at one 
time covered nineteen hundred acres. In 1875 
he sold these lands and reinvested in Tuscola 

township, having concluded to settle in Tus- 
cola City. 1 !e was the lirst supervisor of Gar- 
rett township, which bad been instituted with 
the other touushiiis in i8f)8. and lie was also a 
member of the first grand jiny in Douglas 
county. Mr. (iarrett always took a deep in- 
terest in all the i>ubhc affairs of Douglas' 

\\1L1.I.\M HOWL. 

History lirst relates of William Ifiiue. 
grandfather of the late William Howe, as a 
native of Virgitiia. Whether this is correct, 
we are not able to say. But he afterward emi- 

grated to Kentucky when it was yet a wilder- 
ness. He formed a member of Daniel Boone's colony and participated in the dangers 
incident to "the dark and bloody ground." His 
son, George W'. Howe, was born in Kentucky 
and there married Angeline Ilildrclh, a native 



of that state, but of liiiglisli tlescent also, and in 
Bourbon county, Kentucky, William Howe, Jr., 
was born on N(_)\ember 23, 1829. 

In 1S32 George Howe and family emi- 
grated to the southeastern part of Missouri. 
On the breaking out of the Black Hawk war 
he joined the forces sent against the Indians, 
and was supposed to have been killed by them 
near Galena, Illinois, for no word came from 
him afterwartl. The mother then moved with 
her children, five in number, back to her old 
home in Kentucky in 1835. Idere she stayed 
for three years, when she and her family moved 
to Vermilion county, Illinois, arriving there on 
the 6th of April, 1838. Mr. Howe was at this 
time nine years old. He continued with bis 
mother for almost two years, when he was in- 
dentured to the service of William J. W^est, 
who resided on a farm in Sargent township. 
It was in the spring of 1840 when he first came 
to West's and be remained witli him nine years, 
til! in his twentieth year, in the spring of 1849. 
During this time his board was the only com- 
pensation he received for his service. He was 
signed to school about thirteen months, but . 
out of this he only receiveil about nine months' 
regular schooling, and this was scatteretl over 
a long period of years so as to be of but little 
service. The good general education he pos- 
sessed was principally picked up by bis own 
ingenious industry. ;\fter his term of service 
with Mr. West had expired he worked a year 
by the month, still having his headquarters at 
West's. At this time the excitement conse- 
(uicnt ui)on the discovery of gold in California 
was spreading over the country. Mr. Howe, as 
we have seen, comes from an adventurous race 
of men, his earlier ancestors having fought 
gallantly for King George, while his later ones 

luid many a skirmish with the Indians, his 
father dying by their bands, and led by the same 
spirit of adventure and hardihood he deter- 
mined to try his fortunes in the new El Dorado. 
In March, 1850, in company with West and 
others, eleven in all. he started overland for 
California. Before starting all promised that 
unless in case of illness none should be allowed 
to ride, and on all that long and rough journey 
Mr. Howe kept his place Ijy the side of the 
o.xen. The spring of 1850 was one of deep 
mud and high water, so their journey was made 
doubly diflicult. The party passed through 
Ouincy and across the state of Missouri, fol- 
lowing \ery nearly the same route now 
tra\ersed by the Hanniljal & St. Jo railroad. 
The Missouri river in tlie southwest corner of 
the state of Iowa was crossed; the northern 
route was taken, through the South Pass of 
the Rocky Mountains; north of Salt Lake; by 
the Oregon trail to the Soda Springs; then 
over to the St. Mary's river, down which they 
traveled to the Sink. The Sierra Nevadas were 
crossed by the Carson trail, and the party ar- 
rived August 2j. 1850, at Ncbbervllle, only 
losing, in accomplishing the journey, (jne man, 
who died of disease and whom they buried by 
the way. The men went to mining gold in this 
region. Mr. Howe remained nine months, dur- 
ing which time he got together a considerable 
quantity of gold dust. The Klamath excite- 
ment then came up and he joined a party to go 
to Oregon. His experience here was very ad- 
venturous, but there were no flattering results. 
In company with two others, he was robbed by 
a party of Modoc Indians. He lost about 
twelve hundred dollars, including everything 
he had, even to a greater part of his clothing. 
He returned to the mines on the Yuba river 



in destitute condition, wiilioiu clotlies or 
money- Here i)rospects brightened, the gold 
panning out sometimes to tlie amount of eighty 
dollars a day. l>ut he could imly remain two 
weeks. High water came and Mr. Hdwc went 
to California, where he followed "teaming" 
from Stockton t)ut to the mines and during his 
eighteen months sojourn here he accumulated 
.some money. In 1853 he decided to return to 
Illinois, and in I'"el)ruary of the same year he 
left California, taking a vessel from San Fran- 
cisco, crossing the Isthmus of Panama, sailing 
from there to New- Orleans, then up the Mis- 
sissippi to his old home in Coles county, as it 
then was. During his three years stay in Cali- 
fornia he learned the Spanish language and 
could converse fluently in it. 

Mr. Howe now turned his attention to the 
peaceful pursuit of agriculture, hoping in that 
1853, lie married Harriett .\nne Lester, a na- 
1853, he married Harriett .Anne Lister, a na- 
tive of Douglas, ancestors, like those of 
Mr. Howe, were of English and Kentucky 
blood and hirtJi. In December he started his 
long and prosiierous career as a farmer, and 
at the time of his death he was in the pos.session 
of almost eighteen hundred acres of land in 
the neighborhood of his residence. Hunting 
was his favorite amusement, and every year he 
made a trip to Kansas, Colorado and Arkansas, 
where he indidged in the exciting s])ort. He 
was celebrated for his skill as a marksman and 
seldom failed to bring (l(iwn his game. 

He was the father of eight children: James 
M., who now resides on a large farm in Ne- 
braska; John S., living now on the old home- 
stead; I'errv .\'.. who li\es, also, on part of 
his father's farm; Mary E., wife of James 
Drennen, lixing on an Iowa farm; Charles R., 

residing on the first fai'm that Mr. Howe 
owned; Effie A., wife of James C, Reed, a 
lawyer in Kansas City; Leona M., wife of Will- 
iam Josei)h, assistant manager in the lirm of 
Uradley Manufacturing Company; .and Lora 
.\.. who li\es with her niolber in Tuscola. 
William Howe died January jj. iSijj, ;it his 
counlr\- home near bicklin. 


James Drew one (jf the earliest pioneers in 
the western part of Douglas county, and also 
one of the largest land owners, is a nati\e of the 
state, having been born in Hamilton county. Il- 
linois, on the I4tli of June. iSn;. He came to 

the territory now embraced in Dougla.s county 
in 1830, and continued to reside on the place of 
bis hrst location until h's death in 1894. 

The 1 )rew famil}-, from which .Mr. Drew 
has his descent, fiinnerU- resided in .South Car- 



olina. wliere John Drew, tlie fatlier of James 
Drew, was born. The maiden name of liis 
motlier was Tempy Farmer, ami she was also a 
resident of Soutii Carnlina. The family after- 
ward removed to Indiana, and then to Illinois, 
settling in Hamilton county. Here James 
Drew was 1)orn on the date given above. When 
a1)ont funr years old the family mi)\e<l nnrtli 
to Shelliy county. The children were nine 
in numlier, five boys and four girls, only two 
of whom are now dead. After the family had 
lived in Shelby county al)out eight years, tlicn 
moved to Coles county, south of ChariesU n. 
The principal part of his education Mr. Drew 
received in this county. He attended a om- 
mon country school, held in an old shanty, 'viih 
a fire-place occupying nearly all of one end. 
The most of the children were without hals 
and went barefoot in winter. Mr. Drew's fa- 
ther was a farmer, and kept the lioys at home 
a great deal of the time to work on the farm. 
After a residence in Coles county of some years 
the family moved back to .Shelby, this time 
making their home in the territory afterward 
embraced in Moultrie county on its formation. 
Mr. Drew was now about eighteen years of age. 
He stayed at home part of two years, one sum- 
mer going to Galena, and working in the lead 
mines there. No money could be obtained at 
this period for farm labor, and the lead mines 
ofifered the only opportunity for obtaining ready 
cash. While employed here he received twenty 
dollars a month and board. In the year 1839 
his father took a job of making rails for one 
Jacob Taylor, probably the first settler in what 
is now Garrett township, and James agreed to 
give his assistance. He was now old enough 
to do for liimself, and with the same foresight 
and Inisiness tact which has marked his subse- 

quent career, be was on the lookout to secure 
land for himself. Land could be obtained in that 
part of Coles county where Taylor lived, and 
young Drew embraced the first opjiortunity of 
settling. He entered eight}' acres of land at 
the go\-ernment price of one dollar and twenty- 
five cents an acre, borrowing one hundred 
dollars of Taylor to make the piu'cbase, and 
agreeing to discharge the debt partly in day's 
labor. Mr. Drew's present house stands on 
the original land entered. His brother and 
brother-in-law each entered eighty acres at 
the same time, and the whole amount came 
into the possession of Mr. Drew. It was the 
close of the year 1839 when Mr. Drew first 
came into the county, and the next spring he 
bought his land. He put up a split k^g cabin 
on the premises and li\-ed with his brother-in- 
law. All the time he could spare for improv- 
ing the property he devoted in jiaying off the 
debt of one hundred dollars, which was finally 
accomplished in three years. .\ good portion 
was worked out by labor, at fifty cents a day. 
There were only four families in the neighbor- 
hood at the time of Mr. Drew's settlement. 
For thirty miles to the west, in the direction 
of Decatur, there was not a single house. The 
prairies were all unoccupied, covered with tall 
grass and resin weeds, over which roamed 
deer and pi'airie woh-es. 

After living with his brother-in-law for a 
couple of years, Mr. Drew concluded to go to 
keeping house for himself, and married Ange- 
line Waller, a native of Hamilton county, but 
who at the time of the marriage lived in 
Shelby. Mr. Drew was then twenty-three and 
his wife about twenty. Mr. Drew had earl}- 
learned industrious habits, and from his child- 
hood knew the meaning of hard work. By 



liis industry ;unl frugality lie won success, in- 
vesting liis surplus capital in land and adding 
from time to time as opportunity offered. 
Farming was the pursuit to wliicli he directed 
his whole energies and ever since his residence 
in tile county he has given considerable atten- 
tion to raising and feeding stock. 

Mr. Drew's first wife died in 1855, and he 
subse(|uently married, on the 13th of October, 
1857, Miss Martha L. Baker. 


Eugene Rice, ex-member of the Legislature 
an<l a man of considerable prominence through- 
out the county, was born in Ma(h'son county, 

the family is printed in full on another page. 
Mr. Rice came to the township with his parents 
in 1854 and resides at present on the old home- 
stead, lie is extensively engaged in farming 
and stock raising and is known as one of the 
most successful farmers in Douglas county. 
In 1887 and 1889 he was elected U> the Legis- 
lature from the district composed of Coles, 
Cumberland and Douglas counties, as a Re- 
publican. He served on several committees — 
federal relation.s, agriculture, penitentiaries, fish 
and game, contingent expenses, drainage, li\e 
stock and dairy, printing and other.s — and dur- 
ing the extra session helped to pass the World's 
Fair bill. 

Mr. Rice has never married, and resides on 
his beautiful farm within a half hour's ride 
from the village of Camargo, where he enter- 
tains Iiis friends and enjoys life. y\s a member 
of the Legislature he was conscientious and a 
hard worker in the interest especially of the 
farmer, who it has, it seems, been sadly neg- 
lected as to legislation in both stale and nation. 

D. (,). ROOT. 

D. O. Root, second si mi and third child of 
Levi and I'olly Root, was Ixirn in Decatur 
township. Washington cnnnty. ()bio. Se])tem- 
ber 24. 1834. Ilis father was a nati\e of Liv- 
ingston comity. New ^'ork. and was burn April 
r), 1809. He came with his mother and step- 
Kentucky, March 22, 1848. He is a son of father to Washington county. Ohio, soon after 
^L^rtin Rice, who was one of the most widely the close of the second war with the ninther 
and favorably known of the early settlers of cimntrv. in which w.'ir his own father h;id been 
Camargo, and whose sketch with ancestry of a soldier, and died just at its cluse. The 



mother of the subject of tliis sketch, whose 
maiden name was Stewart, was born upon the 
farm upon which now stands tlie villag-e of 
Stewart, in Athens county. Ohio. March 7, 
1809. and her mortal remains are sleeping in 
a cemetery near that village, upon the old Stew- 
art farm, less than one-fourth of a mile from 
the place where she was liorn. She died in 
May. 1857. Her father, Daniel Stewart, born 
in November. 1762. in Litchfield, Connecticut, 
was a soldier in the continental arm}' in the 
war of the Revolution. He came to Ohio in 
1802, and died upcm the farm he then settled 
upon, in 1859, of an accident, and not of dis- 
ease or old age, though he was in his ninetv- 

eighth year. The parents of our subject re- 
moved from Washington county to Athens 
county, same state, when he was a mere infant, 
and settlcfl on the Big Hockhocking (now 
abbreviated into simply Hocking) river, just 
below tlie village of Stewart. Here he spent 
the first twenty years of his life, except two 

years — -1852-53 — during which he was a stu- 
dent in the Ohio Wesleyan University at Dela- 
ware, Ohio. Failing health caused him to quit 
school before graduation. 

After arriving at sufficient age, when not 
in school — the common and select — he was en- 
gaged in the ordinary farm work, in a woolen 
factory and as clerk in a country store of gen- 
eral merch,andise. At the age of twenty he left 
the parental home for good and struck out fur 
himself and for the west as well. He landed 
in what is now Douglas county — then Coles — 
October 17, 1854. It may be of some interest 
to the younger generation, at least, as showing 
the difiference in the mode of travel then an I 
now, to state that the first thirteen miles of 
Mr. Root's westward journey — from the home 
he was just leaving to old Athens — was made 
in a common road wagon ; from Athens to Lan- 
caster, forty-five miles, in a canal boat, towed 
by horses, and twenty-three consecutive hours 
were consumed in making this distance. From 
Lancaster to Terre Haute, Indiana, via Cin- 
cinnati and Indianapolis, by rail. And, by the 
way, it was the only route by which it could, at 
that time, have lieen made by rail. I-'rnm 
Terre Haute to Paris. Tllinnis. was on a con- 
struction train, on the old I. & St. L. R. R.. its 
track having just been comiileted as far west as 
that point. From Paris to Oakland the trip 
was made in an old time "hack" or "stage 
coach." which was then run from Terre Haute 
westward, on the old Springfield "trace," pass- 
ing through Oakland, then locally known as 
Pinhook. During the winter of 1854-5 Mr. 
Root taught a term of school at "Catfish 
Point," near where the x'illage of Isabel, in 
Edgar county, now stantls. For this he re- 
ceived the sum of twenty-five dollars per 



m<nitli. an amount ci)nsi<lt'reii rallior cxtra- 
imiinarv for the limes. 

In the sprin.^' of 1S55 — .\pril 5 — he was 
rnitoil in marria^'e with Mrs. Sarali Winkler, 
the widow of Cluirlcs V. Winkler, who h.-ul 
Iiecn a prosperons farmer and an old settler on 
the r.rushy h'ork timber. He died in Jnne. 
1S54, Icaxint;'. besides his widow, two ehiklren, 
\^ashti. who became tlie wife of L. E. Root, a 
brother of onr snbjeet, and who is now de- 
ceased, and Luther, who is one of Xe\''m ins 
enterprising^ farmers and stock raisers '"n^ 
latter occnpies the old farm entered and im- 
proved bv his tifrand father and father, tc which 
he has made \arions and substantial additions 
and improvements, .\fter his marriage Mr. 
Root settled upon this .same farm and remained 
on it until the fall of 1873. after his election 10 
the ofhcc of county clerk. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Root there were born nine children, live s )iv, 
and four dansliters; Harriet K., January 10, 
1855: Edward T., November 6, 1857; Onion 
L., July 3, 1860; Ro.secrans, November _', 
1862; Lenla, Octolier 9, 1864; I'itner, Novem- 
ber 26, 1866, and died September 25, 1867; 
Isabelle, January 12, 1868; Mary, .'\pril 13, 
1869; a son. unnamed, September 30, 1873, 
died October 3. 1873. Ivlward T., oldest son 
died December 23, 1892, unmarried, in the 
thirtj'-seventli year f)f his age. llatlie !~ ha; 
been mistress of her father's house and, as 
ne.arlv as it is ])ossible for any but a real mother 
to be, a mother to the other children e\cr since 
the death of her mother, in r)ctober, 1881, 
while the family resided in Tuscola. 

In July, 1861, Mr. Root entered the serv- 
ice of his country, in the war of the Rebellion, 
and became a member of Comjjany H, Twenty- 
b'iftli Regiment Illinois X'olunteer Infantry, 

and served until f)ctober. 1862, when. bi> 
health f.ailing he w'as ilischarged for dis.ibility 
b'rom 1868 to 1873 '^"^ ^^'''•'' f"'"' li'iics elected 
the assessor of his (Newman) towushi]). In 
November, 1873. he was elected to the ollicc 
of county clerk, re-elected in 1877, ;nid. bv rea- 
son of a change in the constitution of the state, 
an extra year was added to this term, wliich 
expired in 1882, making in .all nine vcars 
Shortly after his retirement from olTice, and 
while on the lookout for some permanent busi- 
ness, he entered the store of F. M. iMa'cml iS: 
.Son. of Tuscola, as a clerk, reniainin;j, irntil 
Febru.arv, 1884, at which time be bought a half 
interest in the large generrd store of James 
(iillogly, of Newman, foruiing the firm of 
(iillogly & Root. I'our years thereafter L. 
E. Root, a l)rothcr of I). O. Root, bought Mr. 
G.'s interest in the ruan ;nid it \v;is ch.anged to 
Root Tiros. The firm is still in business, occu- 
pying a large two-story brick on the north s'de 
of the s(|uare. fronting on \'aLCs street :at(\ 
extending north to Mathers street, w ih a rear 
enlr.'uice on same. It is the leailing firm in the 
city. Mr. Root is a member of the M. E. 
church of long standing, having entered its 
fold in January, 1851. lie is a b^xemason 
and ,a Kniglit Templar: has also taken all the 
degrees in Odd Fcllowshii) e.xccj)! the uniform 
rank, and is a member of the K. of II. and of 
H. & L. of H. orders. 

The family to which Mr. IvMit belongs is 
in some respects remarkable. To his ])arents 
there were born tweh'e children, eight boys and 
four girls, of whom eleven are living, one son 
having been killed fighting for the fiag in the 
war of 1861-5, '>^ I'erryville, Ky., in October, 
1862. These children were all born between 
1831 and 1852. His mother, as has kefore 



I)een noted herein, died in 1857, and in 1862 
liis father remarried. From thi,s union one 
son was horn, making tlie family to-day con- 
sist of the original number, eiglit lioys and 
four girls, the youngest thirty-seven years of 
age, the eldest near seventy. Six of the hoys 
were in the Union army during the Rel)ellion, 
five returning. All served three full years ex- 
cept the subject of this sketch. I'cw families 
can show such a record. 


Jiihn Ouinn, i)rivate banker, grain dealer, 
and one of the most successful young business 
men of the county, located in Fairland in 1884 
as a grain agent for the firm of Barnctt, Kuhn 
& Company, of Terre Haute. Indiana. He is 

.still associated with this firm, handling in the 
neighborhood of one hundreil thousand bush- 
els per year. 


j\lr. Ouinn was born in Union county, 
Ohio, February 15, 1863, and there he re- 
mained until he was six years of age, when 
his parents removed to Champaign county. 
He is a son of Patrick and Bridget Ouinn, wdio 
were natives of Ireland. Plis father is retired 
from active business and resides at Philo, Illi- 
nois. John Ouinn was reared on the farm 
and received the advantages only of the neigh- 
boring schools. In 1899 '''^ founded the Fair- 
land Exchange Bank, which is his own private 
institution. As a business man he is known to 
be careful, safe, and possessed of sterling in- 
tegrity. In 1890 he was united in marriage to 
Miss Sarah F. Suddeth, a native of Edgar 
county and a member of a Kentucky family. 
They ha\'e three clu'ldrcn : Otis, Anna and 
Cecil. Mr. Ouinn owns eighty acres of land 
northeast of Fairland, five miles distant. He 
is a charter member of the Woodmen, and is 
also a memlier of the Court of Ib^nor. 


Scott Burgett, the proprietor of the New- 
man Bank and one of the successful financiers 
and business men of Illinois, was Iiorn in 
Brushy Fork, this county, September 14, 
1857, and is a son of the late I. W. Burgett, 
vvhose sketch is found upon another page of 
this book. During the summer months Scott 
Burgett worked upon his father's farm and 
iri winter attended the district school. When 
about seventeen J'ears of age he entered Lee's 
Academy at Loxa, Illinois, antl after leaving 
that institution went to the state normal at 



Xiiniial, Illinois, where he ci)ni])letetl his edu 
cation. .After retiiniiny- ImiiK' he laiii^ht llircc 
terms of school in the Coffey (Ustrict. in Sar- 
i^ent townsliip, and much of liis success as a 
teacher lie claims he (nves to his life-long 
fricnil. W. II. Ciiffey. In March, iS-g, he 
entered the lari^e dry-^oods house i>f James 
C.illi\qlv in .X'cwman as hookkecpcr and head 
salesm:ni. with whom he remained until 1884. 
when he, with 1. N. Covert, estahlished the 
Xewmrm llank. Mr. Cdvcrt retired fmm 





^ ., 

t - 





childriMi, ri\e nf wlmm are li\in,q;: Jay T., 
r.essie AI., h'.va ().. Paul H. and Charles C, 
:md James is deceased. 

Scott lUn^s^ett's business ventures have heen 
thorouijhly successful and he lias the absolute 
contulence of the entire i)uhlic. lie owns 
some of the line l;ni<ls in both Newman and 
Sargent townships, and his real estate hold- 
ings in Newman are large. He is treasurer 
of the .\cwman Pjuilding & Loan Association, 
is a member of the Methodist Epi.scopal cluucli, 
is a Royal Arch Mason and is a member of the 
order of Knights of Pythias. At ])resent he 
is erecting what will be the finest residence in 
Newmrm, costing some si.\ or eight ihciusand 
dollars. Quiet and unassuming in his man- 
ners, he treats all alike, the ])oor man as he 
does his rich neighbors, and cotmts his ac- 
(|iiaintanccs as his friends. In all the rcl;itions 
of life he has been true to his duty as he has 
seen it, and in business and in society a well-de- 
served success has come to him as a reward 
of earnest industry and his upright dealings 
with his fellow men. 

active business in 1888 and was succeeded to 
the presidency by S. M. Long, who remained 
president until his death. From that time, 
August 20, 1898, to the present, it has been 
the private jiroperty of Mr. Burgett. In the 
bank's management he is assisted by J. \V. 
King and George Moore. 

September 2, 1879, he was married to Miss 
Alice V. Hopkins, daughter of the late James 
Hopkins, who was one of the prominent i)io- 
neers of Douglas county. They have had six 


.\. I la\-\v;n"il, who has been the 
station and ticket agent at Camargo for twen- 
ty-three years, was born near Belfast, Ireland, 
November 23, 1849, and was reared to man- 
hood in the neighborhood of Cranbrook, coun- 
ty Kent, England, where he attended the or- 
dinary school of that day. He is a son of 
I'enjamin llavward, who was a memlier and 
organist of the Church of England at Inch, 



iiear Belfast, Ireland. He was a fine musi- 
cian, playing both organ and \i(jlin with great 
proficiency. His father died in 1855. His 
mother, who was, before she was married, 
Margaret Carr, was a natix'e of county Down, 
Ireland, ami was reared near Belfast. His 
great-grandfather, John Hayward, was an ex- 
ceedingly wealthy man, and because his sons 
were of dissolute habits he bequeathed his 

wealth to charity, and it is knuwn ti> lli s day 
as the Hayward chtirity fund, .so mucli of 
which is giyen out each year by the par sh of 
Cranbrook to the poor of the j^arish. His 
maternal grandfather, Edwartl Carr, was l)orn 
in. Scntland. 

A. Hayward came to this country in iHjo. 
and after spending three months in Syracuse 
came direct to Tuscola, where he followed the 
])ainter's trade and remained here si.x \'ears. 
He soon afterwards learned the telegra])!! Iiusi- 
ness and located in Camargo. 

In 1880 our subject was wedded to Miss 
Julia O'Connor, a step-daughter of • Martin 

Cogley. They liax-e one daughter, Mary 
Elizabeth, who is nineteen \-ears of age. He 
is a member of the Court of Honor and at 
present holds the office of chancellor. Mr. 
Hayward owns a pleasant home in Camargo, 
besides eighty acres of land in Murrlock town- 
ship. He has been town clerk of Camargo 
for six years and was secretary of the Douglas 
county fair for ten years. He was also assist- 
ant general superintendent <f the state fair in 
1897-98, and seryed as delegate to the Court 
of Honor of Douglas county, which met in 
S]iringtield in 1899. He has made his own 
way in the business world .and at present 
occupies an enviable jtosition in the affairs of 
Douglas county. 


Charles S. Sandford, of Tuscola, Illinois, 
is the son of Isaac and Belinda ( Foster] Sand- 
ford. The father was born at Bridgehamton, 
Long Island, in 179'), and married Belinda 
Foster, who was born in Hamilton count}', 
Ohio, in 1798. The progenitor of the Sand- 
fords on Long island fn'st settled near Boston, 
Massachusetts, in the year 1640. This branch 
of the family tree has had numerous descend- 
ants, identified with important movements at 
an early day in the history of Long Island. 
Many of them participated in the battle of 
Long" Island, and some of them were minute 
men. Isaac Sandford emigrated to Edgar 
C(junty, Illinois, in 1820. He served as cap- 
tain in the Black Hawk war and was lat^r 
commissioned as brigadier-general of the stat" 

2 I 2 


militia In- Covenior Reynoltis in 1833. He 
held that position for fifteen years, after wliich 
time he resisjned. General Sandfurd was a 
man uf yreat financial ahilitv and rcinarkahle 

energy. .\t the time of his death, in 1853. he 
was one of the wealthiest men in Edgar county. 

Charles S. Sandford's maternal grand- 
father. Luke r'oster. was one of the associate 
judges of llaniilton county. ( )liio. lie was 
born at Riverheail. Long Island. The I'"os- 
ters setttled on Long Island as earl_\- as the 
Sand fords. 

C. S. Sand ford grew to manhood on the 
farm: attended school at Edgar .Academy, at 
I'aris. Illinois, and afterward for a time at 
Greencastle ( Indiana) Asbury University — 
now known as the DePauw L^niversity. In 
1855 he was married to Susan J. Judson. a 
native of Connecticut. Her girlhood home 
was in Vicksburg, Mississippi, but her later 
education was received at Stenbenville, Ohio. 
Mrs. Sandford hails from a family of decided 
literary tastes, her own inclinations and prac- 

tice in the several communities where resid- 
ing being to promote and forward intellectual 
adxancenient. To their marriage have beeii 
born si.x children; Walter .\lexander (heil in 
infanc}-; Janet j. is the wife of Capl. W'm. T. 
Wood, who was graduated from West Point 
ir: the class of 1877. and at present is serving 
as treasurer at Manila, in the l'hilii)])ine Is- 
lands, under (ieneral Otis. Tlies' ha\e sons ■ 
1 lalsey W.. Sheridan (". and Isaac Russell. 
Sheridan C. has hail an extensive experience 
as a commercial traveler. Grace Foster is tlic 
wife of Dr. W. V.. l'in'\iancc. ass'stant sur 
gcon in the United States arm\'. with the rank 
ol captain, now stationed at I'ort ligbert. 
Alaska. lsa;ic Russell, the youngest of the 
family, is ])artner with his father in dry-goods 
and general merchandise at \'illa (iro\e, Illi- 

Mr. Sandford's business career has been 
one of unusual diversit)'. In 1850 he made 
the overland route to C'alifoi-nia and engaged 
ir. mining foi- two _\-ears; afterwards bandied 
cattle in Edgar county ancl l)i]Uglas county. 
Illinois: made and improved two farms from 
the virgin soil — one in each of the abo\-e comi- 
ties, lie was a partner in the wholesale and 
retail house of C. C. Smith & Co., Terre 
llruUe. Ind., in 1893. Came to Tuscola and 
followed merchandising, in which, since 18^3, 
he has been actively engaged. 


John Thomas Todd, who is one of the most 
actix'e and successful linsiness men of Tuscola 
and who has been with the excepti(jn of two 


21 I 

near Belfast, Ireland. He was a fine musi- 
cian, playing both organ and \-iolin with great 
proficiency. His father died in 1855. His 
mother, who was, before she was married, 
Margaret Carr, was a native of county Down', 
Ireland, and was reared near Belfast. His 
great-grandfather, John Hayward, was an ex- 
ceedingly wealthy man, and because his sons 
were of dissolute habits he bequeathed his 

wealth to charity, and it is known to this day 
as the Hayward charity fund, so much of 
which is given out each year by the parish of 
Cranbrook to the poor of the parish. His 
maternal grandfather, Edward Carr, was liorn 
in Scotland. 

A. Hayward came to this country in 1870, 
and after spending three months in Syracuse 
came direct to Tuscola, where he followed the 
painter's trade and remained here six years. 
He soon afterward learned the telegraph busi- 
ness and located in Camargo. 

In 1880 our subject was wedded to Miss 
Julia O'Connor, a step-daughter of Martin 

Cogley. Tlicy ha\-e one daughter, Mary 
Elizabeth, who is nineteen years of age. He 
is a member of the Court of Honor and at 
present holds the ofiice of chancellor. Mr. 
Hayward owns a pleasant home in Camargo, 
besides eighty acres of land in Murdock town- 
ship. He has been town clerk of Camargo 
for six years and was secretary of the Douglas 
county fair for ten years. He was also assist- 
ant general superintendent of the state fair in 
1897-98, and served as a delegate to the Court 
of Honor for Douglas county, which met in 
Spring-field in 1899. He has made his own 
way in the business world and at present 
occupies an envi;ible position in the affairs of 
Douglas county. 


Charles S. Sandford, of Tuscola, Illinois, 
is the son of Isaac and Belinda (Eoster) Sand- 
ford. The father was born at Bridgehamton, 
Long Island, in 1796, and married Belinda 
Foster, who was born in Hamilton county, 
Ohio, in 1798. The progenitor of the Sand- 
fords on Long Island first settled near Boston, 
Massachusetts, in the year 1640. This branch 
of the family tree has had numerous descend- 
ants, identified with important movements at 
an early day in the history of Long Island. 
Many of them participated in the battle of 
Long Island, and some of them were minute 
men. Isaac Sandford emigrated to Edgar 
county, Illinois, in 1820. He served as cap- 
tain in the Black Hawk war and was later 
commissioned as brigadier-general of the state 



militia liy liDveniur Reyiiohis in iS^,^ lie 
liclil tliat position for fifteen years, after which 
tinie he resis^'ucd. (Icncral Sainlfnrd was a 
man of great financial ahility and remarkable 

energy. At the time of his death, in 1S53, he 
was one of the wealthiest men in Edgar county. 

Charles S. Sandford's maternal grand- 
father, Luke Foster, was one of the associate 
judges of I l.aniiltiin cnunty. ()hiii. lie was 
born at Ri\erhead, l-i>ng Island. The Fns- 
ters settled on Long Island as earl\- as the 

C. S. Sandfcird grew tn manhnod on the 
farm; attended schonl at Edgar .Xcademy, at 
Paris, Illinois, and afterward for a time at 
Greencastle (Indiana) Asbury University— 
now- known as the DePauw University. In 
1S55 he was married to Susan J. Judson, a 
native of Connecticut. Her girlhood home 
was in Vicksliurg, Mississippi, l)ut her later 
education was received at Stcubenville, Ohio. 
Mrs. Sand ford hails fmm a family of decided 
literary tastes, her own inclinations and prac- 

tice in the several communities where resid- 
ing being to i)romote and forward intellectual 
aiK'.'uicement. To their m.arriage h;i\e been 
burn six children: Walter .\le.\ander dietl in 
infancy; Janet J. is the wife of Cajit. Wm. T. 
Wood, who was graduated from West Point 
in the class of 1877, and at jjresent is serving 
as treasurer at Manila, in the Phillipine Is- 
lands, under General Otis. They have sons: 
Halsey W., Sheridan C. and Isaac Russell. 
Sheridan C. has had an extensive experience 
as a commercial traveler. Grace booster is the 
wife of Dr. W. E. Purviance, assistant siu'- 
geon in the Lnited States army, with the rank 
of captain, now stationed at I'nrt I\gl)ert, 
.\laska. Isaac Russell, the youngest of the 
family, is partner with his father in dry-goods 
and general merchandise ,'it \'illa Gmve. Illi- 

.Mr. Sandfiirirs business career has been 
one of unusual di\ersity. In 1850 he made 
the overland route to California and engaged 
in mining for two years: afterward handled 
cattle in I'^dgar cc unity and Dnuglas county, 
Illinois: made and iniprii\eil twn farms from 
the virgin soil — one in each of the above coun- 
ties. He was a jjartner in the wdiolesale and 
retail house of C. C. .Smith & Co.. Terre 
Haute, Ind., in iXg,^. Came to Tuscola and 
followed iiK'rch;mdisiiig, in which, since 1H63, 

he has been actively engaged 


John Thomas Todd, who is one of the most 
active and successful business men of Tuscola 
and who has been with the exception of two 



years, agent for the I. D. & W. Railway Com- 
pany from the time the road was built to the 
present, having first entered its service as agent 
at Marshall, Indiana, on August i, 1879, was 
born in Edgar county, Illinois. June 8, 1862. 
He was reared in Edgar ami Champaign coun- 
ties and received his education in the public 
schools at Newman. In 1866 his parents re- 

moved to Douglas county and settled on a 
farm near Newman. He is a son of David 
and Mariah (Wilson) Todd, who were natives 
of Ireland, and who were both Episcopalians 
in their religious belief. David Todd was a 
bookbinder by trade and in about 1844 emi- 
grated to this country, first settling in New 
York City, where he worked at his trade until 
1855, when he emigrated west and located on 
a farm in Edgar county. The grandfathers 
of Mr. Todd were. James Todd and William 
Wilson, both born in Ireland. 

In 1883 Mr. Todd was united in marriage 
to Miss Laura, a daughter of L. J. Cash, of 

Newman. He is the founder of the Douglas 
County Telephone Company, now a sub- 
licensee of the American Bell Telephone Com- 
pany, the change being made in order to get the 
use of the instruments and the long-distance 
connections of the Bell Company. Mr. Todd 
is still the president and business manager of 
the company, with J. \\\ Hamilton as sec- 
retary. In 1892 he removed to Chicago, 
where he was engaged for two years in per- 
fecting and developing an invention known 
as the "thermograph," of which Mr. Todd is 
the patentee and inventor. This instrument 
is for automatically recording the variations 
of temperature of refrigerator cars while in 
transit, also of the several rooms of cold stor- 
age plants. h(}t houses, etc., where it is desira- 
ble that a uniform temperature be maintained. 
With Mr. Todd's invention it is possible to 
have a printed record made on a narrow strip 
of paper ribbon, showing the variations of 
temperature at such intervals of time as may 
be desired, from the time a car of meat leaves 
Chicago until it arrives in San Francisco, from 
which record any neglect in re-icing car en 
route luay be located, and as the record shows 
the time of day and date of every variation, 
it is an easy matter to place the responsibility 
for any neglect by the several railway com- 
panies handlig the car. 

John T. Todd is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, and his standing as a man, espe- 
cially in railroad circles, is second to none. 
During his residence in Tuscola he has borne 
an imp(jrtant part in the progress of the city, 
and his courteous manner and his integrity 
and ability have won him a high place in the 
esteem of his fellow citizens. 




Carl S. r>iir_i;ett was l)i>rn in Sargent tnwn- 
sliip, Douglas ciunity, lllinnis. jnlv 2, 1867, 
am! is a son of I. W. Hurgett, whose death 
occurred in 1884 and whose sketch is found 
elscwliere. After leaving the common schools 
]\lr. r.nrgetl attended high school at Green- 

lield, Iowa, and the Commercial College at 
Terre Haute. Indiana. In 1891 he located in 
Newman and has heen engaged in huying and 
.selling broom corn and the manufacturing of 
brooms; he is also engagetl in the fire insur- 
ance business and huying and shipping stock. 
Jn i8ij4 .Mr. lUirgett was wedded to Miss 
Emma (jilk)gly, a daughter of James Gillogly, 
of Newman. To them have been born three 
children: Lois \'., Carl Stanton and Gladys. 
Besides his business interests in Newman Mr. 
Burgett owns one hundred and twenty acres of 
land in Sargent townshi]). lie is a Mason 
and belongs to the Melita Commandery of 
Kniglits Templar i^f Tuscola. Mr. Burgett 

has for several j'ears past taken an active and 
iniluential part in the councils of his party and 
was elected as a Republican to the lower house 
of the General Assembh' of lllin(iis in the fall 
(jf i8(j8. While a member nf this bmly he 
was conscientious in his work and was sekk)in 
absent at roll-call. He served on the commit- 
tees on agriculture, ap])roprialions, banks and 
lianking. labor and industrial affairs, jjcnal and 
reformatories and railroads. It was largely 
due to his efiiciency as a law maker that his 
l)arty in the recent primaries gave him the re- 
ncjmination wilhdut uppusition f(.)r re-election 
to the same office. Socially Carl S. Burgett 
is one of the most companionable of fellows 
and thoroughly a])])reciates the confidence and 
esteem placed in him by the general pitblic. 


.\ll)ert P). .Sawyer was born in the town of 
Milton, Chittenden county. V^ermont, January 
3, 1837. Since 1885 he has been a resident 
of Tuscola. Illinuis, having fmin lli;it time 
until i8q9 been a member of the dry-goods 
hrm of Wardall & Sawyer. 

In Mr. Sawyer's childhucid his i)arenls 
came to Illinuis. li\ing near and linally in 
Joliet. His boyhoixl and youth were spent in 
that part of the state, on the farm, going to 
school or assisting his father, Jed Sawyer, in 
lining the extensive railroad contracts which 
he tiidk when the r.-iibdads around Joliet were 
lieing built. Having gone to Texas in i860, 
he lived near Houston until after the Civil war 
broke out, when, being unable to return to the 



nortli except as a Confederate soldier, he 
turned to the west, finally entering the l\e]uil)- 
lic of Mexico. There he turned his attention 
to the great husiness of nnrthern Mexico — 



f *^pHH 

^^^^^p ,t 

k J 


j^jj. M 



sih'er mining — in which he was engaged frcmi 
1862 to 1S84. when he sold out his mining in- 
terests there and returned to Illinois. Two 
years previously he had married Miss h^anny 
M. Wardall, of Tolono. Illinois. To their 
uniim five children ha\'e ])een burn: Harriet, 
Albert B., Jr., Margaret, Certrude and Jcilm 
W. Since 1885 their home has heen in Tus- 


land in ahout the year ir)S5 and settled in east- 
ern Penn.sylvania, near Philadelphia. In 
aliout 1790 Morris Covert, his grandfather, 
came to western Pennsyhania and settleil in 
Butler county. He became a large land owner, 
being able to give each nf his twel\e children 
a farm. John Covert, the father of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was one of the steady, sub- 
stantial farmers of that section. I. N. Co\'ert 
grew to manhood on his father's farm, .\fter 
attending the common scIkjoIs he completed 
what school education he received at North 
Sedgwick Academw in TieaNer count)', IVnn- 
syK'ania. In the fall of i85<) he came west 
and located at Newman, Illinois, and taught 
the Hopkins school, one mile south of New- 
man, three successive winters liefore the Civil 
war and one year after its close. He was 
married, September 2. i860, 1)\' the Rev. Peter 
Wallace, of the Methodist church of this ])lace. 

I. N. Covert, one of the retired men from 
active business and a most worthy citizen of 
Newman, Illinois, was liorn in Butler county, tr. Miss S. L. Webster, of .-Vthens, Ohio, hav- 
Pennsylvania, Deceml^er 2, 1832. Mr. Covert ing been the first couple who were married in 
descended from ancestors who came from llol- the church. Mrs. Covert, who was a verv 



wortliy woman, was a niece of Motlier Stew- 
art, wild was known in (Ihio as tlie ])ioneer 
temperance crnsader. Mr. (."oxcrt. in iSf>_', 
enlisted in the Seveniy-ninih Kcs^inKMit of Illi- 
nois N'olnnteers. and ser\cd hunorahlv in that 
rcf^iment thronghout the war. recei\in^' his 
discharge in Jnne. 1865. He hought and ini- 
pro\-ed a farm in Edgar county, three and one- 
half miles south of the city, where he resided 
from the year 1866 to 1882. when he rented 
his farm and moved to Xewman. In the 
.spring of 1884 lie formed a partnershii) with 
Scott Burgett and engaged in the banking 
business, having been the first [jresiclent of the 
Xewman liank. Mrs. Co\ert died August 17. 
1887. and in 1888 lie fcnnul the close confine- 
ment of his business injurious to his health 
and sold his interest in the bank to S. M. Long, 
deceased, sketch is found on another 
])age. Mr. Co\ert has recentiv completed one 
of the most beautiful cottages in Xewman. 
He has been an elder in the Presbyterian 
church since its organization and is one of the 
church's most devoted leaders; he is also a 
Knight in the Masonic fraternitv. 


Lawrence E. Runt, member of the well- 
known dry-gf)ods tirni of Root Brothers, of 
.Xewman. was born in Rouie townshij). .\thens 
county. Ohio, Xovember 16. 1848. and was 
tlie ninth cliiid born to Mr. and Mrs. Levi 
Root, pioneer .settlers of Athens county (see 
sketch of Ijrother. D. O. Root, for ancestry). 
He remained on the farm with his i)arents until 

1863. wlien. in the spring of that year, he en- 
listed in C"oni])any K. Third West Virginia 
( ;i\ahy. .\t the time of his enlistment he was 
only a little past fourteen \ears of ;ige. being 
the youngest ])ri\ate soldici' there has been 
any record found of so far. (joing out in the 
winter of 1862-63. he served with Sheridan in 
the Shenandoah valley. Custer's division, and 

ser\'ed up to the surrender of Lee. at .\p])o- 
matto.x Court Idouse. .\t the close of the war 
Mr. Root returned to Athens, and in 1867 
came west and .settled in Dotig-las county, lo- 
cating on a farm south of Xewman. where he 
was successfully engaged in farming up to 
1888. In that year he formed a ])artnership 
with his brother. D. O. Root, in the general 
dry-goods business, which has continued most 
successfully up to the present time. While on 
the farm he served four years as supervisor 
of Sargent township, in which townsliip he 
resided from 1871 to 1888. He also served 
as supervisor of Newman township two years, 
and from 1890 to 1894 he served most effi- 



cientlv as treasurer nt the cnuiity. Mr. Rout 
since liis residence in Xewman has served in 
tlie cit_\- ciiuncih and lias been thdrouohly iden- 
tified with the best interests of tlie city. He 
is a large stockholder in the Newman Electric 
Light & Canning Company. He is a mem- 
ber of Newman Lodge, No. 369, of Masons; 
a Knight Templar, belonging to Melita Com- 
mandery. No. 37, of Tuscola ; a Knight of 
Pythias, and a member of the G. .\. R. and 
Knights of Honor. 

The store room occupied by Root Brothers 
is one hundred and twenty feet bv twenty, two 
stories ; the upper story is filled with clothing, 
boots, etc. The firm employs five clerks, and 
carries from fifteen to twenty thousand dol- 
lars worth of stock. 

In 1870 our subject wedded Miss Vashti 
Winkler, of Newman, a daughter of Charles 
and Sarah (Lane) Winkler, natives of Ken- 
tucky and CJhio respectively. To the union 
have been born nine children, whose names, 
with dates of liirth, are as follows: MeKin 
L., January 2"]. 1871 : Wallace E., January 1 1. 
1873: Blanche, Alarch 1^. 1875: Ina, March 
22, 1877; Grace, July 22, 1879; P'lii' ''^•- Sep- 
tember 8, 1 88 1 : Hattie Lane, Decemlier 28, 
1883; Madge, December 11, 1887; Lois, Au- 
gust 9, 1890. Only Melvin and Wallace are 
married. The members of the family are iden- 
tified with the M. E. church of Newman. 


Clarence H. Carnahan, one iif the leading 
merchants of Hindslioro, and a proiuising l)usi- 
ness man of the C(.)unty, was born in Douglas 

county. Illinois. March i. i87r). He was 
reared on a farm and recei\ed his [jrincipal 
education at Tuscola and Terre Haute. His 
first business \-enture Avas in partnership with 
A. J. Parke, in the restaurant business in 
Hindsboro, at which they continued success- 
fulFy for a short time. In 1898 Mr. Carnalian 
engaged in his present business, and his success 
has been remarkable. He carries a full line 

of dry-goods, notions and groceries and has 
the entire confidence of the ])eo])lc in Hinds- 
boro and Bowdre township. In addition to 
his mercantile interests he owns fort_\' acres of 
valuable land near the village. 

Mr. Carnahan is a son of Robert A. Car- 
nahan, who was born .Seiitember 22, 1839, in 
Fleming county. Kentucky, and is a son of 
Jackson and Margaret (Sousley) Carnahan. 
with whom he removed from Kentucky to In- 
diana in 1847. '•! ^"^57 the family moved to 
Coles count}', where, in i860, Jackson Carna- 
han died, which threw the support of the wid- 
owed mother and younger children upon Rob- 



ert. wlio was llic eldest cliilil. I lis Imsiness 
ill life was fanninj^-. cattle dealiui;- and tradinsj-. 
in all i)f which he was very prosijerous; liavng 
no capital to start on. he accumulated a good 
property by industry ami good ni:Miagement. 
In 1869 he l)ouglu eiglity acres of tlio present 
homestead and later added eiglity acres more. 
It was unimprovetl, hut later became one of 
the tine farms of Bowdre township. 

Our subject was twice married. His first 
wife was Miss Sarah E. llerhert. daughter of 
William j. and Martha d. ( .\rasniith I Her- 
bert, of Coles county. His second wife was 
Miss Mahala Herbert, sister of his first wife. 
By the last marriage there was bo/n one child, 
a son. Clarence 11. Jackson Carnahan's death 
occurred March S. 1879. Clarence H. Carna- 
han is one of the youngest men in successful 
business in the county, and displays a remark- 
able tact and aptitude in handling details. So- 
cially he is popular with his friends. 

V. C. :\[cXF.ER. 

"Prchablv im death that has ever occurred 
ii: Tuscola came more suddenly or caused more 
expressions of regret and genuine sorn)w to 
be heard among our i)eople than that of V. 
C. AlcXeer, which occurred at Areola at 
about 8:30 o'clock on Friday morning last. 
It came like a shock to his ininimerahle friends 
in this city, and many could hardly realize 
that he had passed to the beyond and that he 
would mingle no more among us. 

"Mr. McXeer. who has bought stock in 
this county for many \ears. had occasion to 
go to .Areola that morning to receive some hogs 

from John Jones. The fast mail leaves here 
at an e.arly hour, and in order to make the train 
he was compelled to run from the hirst Na- 
tional Bank to the de])oi. It is supposed that 
this over-exertion had the effect of bringing 
on the attack of cerebral a])ople.w which car- 
ried him off soon .after his arri\al in .\rcola. 

■'.After arriving in that city he went to the 
scale office of W. S. Jocelyn, where he met his 
agent. Israel Travener, ami soon atterward he 
sat down to write ;i check in ])aynient for the 
animals. He arose, and a moment later was 

seen to ha\e a peculiar look, as though in 
agony. He passed his hand to the back of his 
head and said that he felt a severe pain. He 
had scarcely made the remark when he seized 
the arm of Tra\ener and reeled as if about ti 
fall. The latter eased him to the tloor am' 
sent for a physician at once, but it was too late. 
The stricken man never breathed a word after 
receiving the fatal stroke, and died in fifteer. 
minutes. Dr. McKinne_\- attended him. but 
no assistance could be gi\-en. He was carried 
tf the .Arcol.'i hotel, l)v, and expired in a 



room adjoining the oflice. W. H. Hancock 
and John Walhng were in tlie city at the time, 
hut arrived a few minutes after he passed 

"On receipt of the painful news here, the 
Odd Fellows appointed a committee to go at 
once and take charge of the remains, he being 
an honored member of that order. His re- 
mains arrived here on the afternoon train, and 
were met at the depot by several huntlred 

"The funeral occurred at his home near 
the southern limits of the city on Monday 
afternoon at two o'clock, when, notwithstand- 
ing the intense cold at the time, a large num- 
ber of friends gathereil to pay their last re- 
spects to the one Avho they had known so well 
in life, and mourned so sincerely in death. 
The services were brief, and were conducted 
by Revs. Calhoun and Wyatt, after which the 
remains were i)lacetl in charge of the Odd Fel- 
lows, who conducted the services according to 
their rites. 

"The deceased was born near Anderson, 
Indiana, December 31, 1839, and was conse- 
quently fifty-seven years of age at the time of 
his death. He leaves a wife and four chiklren 
to mourn his loss, besides one l)rother antl one 
sister. The sister, Mrs. Catherine Jones, of 
Alexandria, Indiana, was in attendance at the 
funeral. The brother, Dan, is a resident of 
Omaha, and it was impossible to reach him by 
telegraph, as he was absent from home. Mr. 
Castle, a brother-in-law, from Alexandria, was 
also present, and on Monday Mr. and Mrs. 
John Renner, parents of Mrs. McNeer, arrived 
from Kansas. Also Mrs. Coffey, of Newman. 
The funeral was a sad one, and universal sym- 
pathy is expressed for the bereaved wife and 

children, who have suffereti the loss of one 
who was near and dear to them, and whose 
every thought was to make them comfortable 
and happy. 

"For a quarter of a century Mr. McNeer 
has made his home in this community, and 
during that time he has had Inisiness rela- 
tions with hundreds of people throughout the 
county. His business took him to every town 
within a radius of twenty miles, and his circle 
of acquaintances was perhaps larger than that 
of any other citizen among us. In his business 
relations covering these many years he was 
found to be hontirable and upright with his 
fellow men. and it might lie said that he has 
aided more men in a financial way than almost 
any citizen in the community. He had a large 
and sympathetic heart, and no friend ever went 
to him in troul)le and was turned away. Many 
who have been aided by him in the past will 
remember his kindly acts through life and 
bless him for it. All feel that an honored and 
respected citizen has been called, and that his 
place will be hard to fill. 

"It is more than probable that the deceased 
was aware that he would be taken suddenly, 
as he had had previous warning of his trouble. 
Last summer he was stricken while at home, 
and a few years previous he suffered a light 
attack." — [Copied.] 


James G. Todd was born in New York 
City, July 16, i84r); removed to Illinois with 
his parents, Davitl and Mariali To(ld, in the 
year 1855, settling in Edgar county. In 1864 



lie niuvcd with liis ]>aicnls to Chanipaifjn also a nicinlicr i if tlie M. I^. church ami tcailiur 
coiuity. hut two years afterward his father pur- in the Sunday school. Mr. Todd is kind and 
chased a farm in Douglas county, six miles generous at all times and is one of the men that 
northeast of Xewman, and he remained on the it is safe to "tie to." lie numhers his friends 

in this city hy the score. 

Very recently he has mourned the death of 

his most estimahle wife. 

Cll AKl.l'.S M. CT'LP.KKTSnx. 

The hiographies of Newman townshi]) would 
be incomplete without an extended notice of 
Mr. Culhert.son, who has done more than any 
' t)ther one man toward de\eloping the eastern 
part of the county and the impnnenient and 
beautifying of the town of Newman. The fam- 
ily from which he is descentled is of Scotch 

farm with his p.arents until January 29, 1873. 
He was liiere united in marriage to Miss Jer.- 
nie Coolley. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J A. 
Coolley. of the Ridge. Three children were 
born to this union. Minnie, Lena C. and Alhe;t 
1). Mrs. 'i'odd died February 26. 1891. Mr. 
Todd was afterward united in marriage to 
Mrs. Jennie McC'lure ;md occupies a neat and 
comfortable home in this city. Mr. Todd is a 
Republican, as was his father, and has 1)een 
;i ])rominent f;ictor in the success of the party 
in .Xewman townshi]) the past few ye:u"s, fill- 
ing oflices of trust and honor. He is now 
serving as township clerk and so well does he 
attend to the business afTairs of the township 
that no one has reason for complaint. So- origin. One of his great-grandfathers emi- 
cially he is a member of the K. of I', lodge and gratedfrom ihenorth of Ireland in an early day. 
takes quite an active part in tiie work. He is and settled in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. 



Another great-grand fatlier, William McClay, 
wlio was liorn in Pennsylvani. and who, with 
Robert Morris, were the first United States 
senators from Pennsylvania. The descend- 
ants of the Culbertsons became qnite nnmerous 
in Lancaster county, and the settlement was 
known as Culbertson's row. Here his father. 
Charles M. Culbertson. was born, and after his 
marriage of Elizabeth McPamma emigrated in 
1818 to Indiana, and settled in Jefferson coun- 
ty. In this county Charles M. Culbertson was 
born August 5. 1819, and received only the 
meagre school advantages common in that day, 
consequently he had to rely on his own industry 
and perceptions for the elements of knowledge 
vliich he acquired. .\t fourteen years of age 
he left home and went to Newport, Indiana, 
where he commenced clerking in a store, which 
position he held for about eight years. At 
first he received a salary of eighty dollars a 
year, out of which he clothed himself. His 
salary for the year 1841 was two hundred dol- 
lars. He S(ion exhibited lousiness (|u:l1 Plications 
of a high order and it was not long imtil he en- 
tered into a partnership with Daniel .\. Jones, 
who carried on a general merchandising and 
pork i)acking luisiness at Newport, which last- 
ed up until 1865. Up to 1854 the business was 
carried on at the latter place and after that 
date in Chicago (Mr. Culbertson removed to 
Chicago in 1857). In 1843 '^^ ^^''^^ married 
to Miss Rhoda Williams, of Newport, whose 
parents were from Pennsylvania. In 185.2 he 
entered a section of land in Newman township 
and kept on increasing it until at one time he 
owned two thousand, three hundred and forty 
acres, and his farms, which he recently divided 
among his heirs, are the finest and best im- 
proved in the county. The home farm of five 

hundred and sixty acres, that he gave bis 
grandson, E. C. Remick, is situated four ruiles 
north of Newman and is decitledly the most 
beautiful and attracti\e country home in this 
\'icinity. Mr. Culljertson has erected a beauti- 
ful brick business block and it was principally 
due to his efforts that the town of Newman has 
over six miles of fine ccjucrete sidewalks. He 
is still hale and hearty, acti\-e and straight, and 
would easily lie taken for a man not more than 
past si.xty. 


D. .A. Cono\er, ex-circuit clerk ami record- 
er, was born in Adams comity, Penns)-l\-ania, 
on one of the farms where the battle of Gettys- 

burg was afterward fought. About 1840 our 
subject with his parents moved to Owen coun- 
ty, Indiana; he was given a thorough school- 
ing at the Bloomington, Indiana, state univer- 


sity and at twenty years of age lie engaged 
with Ins lirnlhcr in tlie drug Inisiness at Bow- 
ling Green. Clay comity. Indiana, .\fter a 
year he honght his hrother's interest and owned 
the store until 1864. In 1X62 lie organized 
Company i). .^o\enly-I'"irst Indiana X'nluntecr 
Infantry. .\t thehattleof Richmond. Kentucky, 
he was wounded and taken prisoner, but at 
night with some others escajied. The Seventy- 
tirst sustained such li iss that tlie reorganiza- 
tiiin was abandoned. Phe remaining members 
returncil to Terre Haute and there organized 
the Si.xth Indiana Cavalry and Mr. Cono\cr 
was commissioned major. Owing to disabilities 
sustained at Richmond he was mustered out at 
Knoxville, Tennessee, and on returning home 
he was apjiointed jirovost mar.sha! of the sev- 
enth Indiana district with heatlfjuarters at Ter- 
re Haute: he was ai)])oinlcd inspector of inter- 
puljlican ticket for niax'or (jf Terre Haute. In 
iSCx) he came to Tuscola wdiere he afterward 
resided. He traveled for eleven years in the in- 
terests of a Cincinnati hat house until 1880, 
when he was elected to an office on the Re- 
iniblican ticket. On January 24, 1854. he mar- 
ried Miss Bradshaw N. Elkin. of Bowling 
Green, Indiana. Major Conover belonged to 
the Masonic lodge from the age of twenty- 
one years; was a Knight Temiilar of Melila 
Commandcry and was circuit clerk and record- 
er. Mr. Conover was respected in Tuscola up 
until his death. 


Natural ability, thorough study and long 
experience have placed Dr. C. Rutherford in 

the very front rank of successful professional 
men I if Dcjiiglas county, lie is a native of Illi- 
nois and the son of Dr. and Mrs. H. Ruther- 
ford, of Oakland. Illinois, being burn in the 
present family residence in Oakland. .August 
14. 1850. ,\fler the cunipletiDii of a cunimnn 
sclujol education he taught .school in and near 
Oakland for three years, during which lime 
be was engaged in the .study of medicine. 
.\fter this he attended lectures and graduated 
at the University of Pennsylvania, at i'hila- 
delphia. Pennsylvania, the uth of March. 
1877. He returned to Oakland and began the 
practice of medicine, which he continued until 

he came to Xewnian. September 2/. 1877, and 
has ever since been actively engaged in his 
chosen profession, building up as he has a large 
and lucratixe jiractice. 

Dr. Rutherford was united in marriage to 
Miss Mary E. Mclntyre on the 22nd of Sep- 
tember, 1885, and together with his family oc- 



cupies a very neat residence in the south part 
of the city. To Mr. and Mrs. Rutlierfortl have 
been born two children, Eugenie, born June 
29, 1892, and Florence. l)orn July 8. 1894. He 
has served on the school board twelve years 
and was elected the first president under the new- 
organization of seven members, ha\ing been re- 
elected each year since, which is conclusive evi- 
dence that he serves the people honorably in 
that capacity. 

When the people of Newman desired to 
convert Newman into a city, he was chosen as 
the proper man for the mayoralty and was 
elected. He is a prominent member of the Ma- 
sonic and K. of P. lodges of this city. His 
medical skill has been the means of him being 
selected as a member of the board of pension 
examiners and also elected county coroner for 
four years, although his extensive practice kept 
him for serving as coroner. Dr. Rutherford 
has always been a great promoter of Newniai'.'s 
interests and in 1890 in partnership wi'h R. 
Thomas was the designer of the beautiful New- 
man cemetery. A city full and running over 
with such men as Dr. Rutherford could not 
help but advance. "God made the country and 
man makes the town" as the old saying goes; 
and it is a true one. Every town is just what its 
inhabitants make it, is dead or alive according 
to the composition of its men. Of course all 
can not be leaders; some have not the talent, 
others have not the time. But when the leader 
arises, then the duty of the ordinary citizen is 
to follow in the wake of his advancing foot- 
steps. Dr. Rutherford possesses honest cpiali- 
fications and so varied are his gifts that many 
men naturally seek his ccimpanionship for con- 
sultation. Noble models make noble minds. 


^^^ \V. Pepper, a popular lawyer and a suc- 
cessful young business man, was born on a 
farm seven miles south of Newman May 24, 
1866, and is the eldest of seven children born to 
Dudley H. and Nancy Listen Pepper. His fa- 
ther was a native of Kentucky and resides at 
Oakland. Mr. Pepper received his early edu- 

cation in the iniblic schools of Oakland and 
afterward took a three-years' course in the 
University of Illinois in Chamjiaign. After 
leaving the university he took a two-years' law 
course at the Northwestern University at 
Evanston and was graduated with honor in 

1893, shortly afterward being admitted to the 

On June 28, 1890, Mr. Pepper married 
Miss Nora Hinds, of Hindsboro. In March, 

1894, Mr. Pepper located in Newman and com- 
menced the practice of law. He became at once 
deservedly popular and in May, 1895, was 



chosen citv altiiniey. wliicli olVicc lie Tilled willi 
due honor until the expitatiDn of his time. He 
was re-elected to the same otiice. but rcsioned 
to look after liis other business. It can he truly 
said of him that he is a man jieculiarly after 
his own sl\le. lie has no uKulel and seeks 
after none, save that wiiich is the creation of 
his own mind. Starting out in life as he did. 
without means, perseverance and energy consti- 
tuted his only caiiilal. lie entered his profes- 
sion with a delermin.'ition lo fully acquaint 
hnnself v ilh the law and the rules of practice. 
'I'his he has done. He has built u]) and now en- 
joys an eNlensi\c practice in all the courts of 
Douglas connlv. I lis splemlid success is (hie 
to the fact that he is a ceaseless worker and 
when once cm))loyed he pursues his case until 
he has thoroughly mastered it in all its de- 

iSijo. he came to Xewman .'nid opened out in 
the general practice of medicine, and has suc- 
cecfled far 1)e\'ond his expectations. He is 
skilled and successful, and although having 
been in Xewmin hut a few years, he enjoys one 
<if the most extensive and lucrati\-e practices in 
the county. He is a member of the Hahne- 
mami Medical Society, contributes to the medi- 
cal jom-nals and keeps himself thoroughly in 
touch with llie ad\ancemeuts being luade in profession. .\s a diagnostician in his pro- 
fession, as well as in his judgment of human 
natiu"e. he would ])ass muster 'in any com- 

Dr. Hockett is a son of Mahlon and Marv 

()1.1\ I'.R O. HOCKETT. 

Oliver ( ). Hockett, one of the younger 
members of the medical fraternity of Douglas 
county. ;uid one of the leading men hi the 
social, professional and educational life of New- 
man, was born in Paris, Edgar county, Illinois, 
March 2. 1866. He was graduated from the 
high school of Paris in 1882 and subsequently 
entered the state university at Chami)aign, 
where he remained for three years. He then 
took up the study of medicine with Dr. M. P. 
Smith, with whom he remained until he en- 
tered Chicago Hahnemann College, from which 
well known institnlioii he was graduated in 
the class of 1S89, and the following year he 
spent in the H;ihnemann hospital. In March, 


'9 ^ , 




(Kimble) Hockett. natives of \'ermilion and 
Edgar counties respectively. His father was 
a well-to-do carriage manufacturer, who has re- 
cently retired. During the war of the Rebel- 
lion he was first lieutenant of the First Missouri 
\'olunteers. His grandfather Kimble walked 
from Ohio to Edgar county, and died in 1877 
worth ninety thousand dollars. In 1895 our 



^,ul)iect nian-ied Miss Luella Gillespie, and has ing to Tuscola lie was engaged in the same line 
hv this marriage one child, named J. Maxwell, at Arthur. 

Dr. Hockett has a suite of rooms in the Swag- Mr. Phillips was born in Clay county, Ten- 

oert building, which is his office, elegantly nessee, April 18, 1861, his parents removing 
fitted up, and where he takes care of a large when he was quite young to Hawkins county, 
and o-rowing practice, built up by close appli- some fifty-five miles east of Knoxville, in the 
cation to his work. While in medical college same state. He is a son of William Phillips. 
special honors were conferred upon him, and on 
bis entering the great school of active life his 
thorough education and medical training did 
bim great service in beginning bis practice. 
He is thoroughly equipped with the finest out- 
fits for use in his specialties that can be had. 
Socially he belongs to the Knights of Pythias, 
and in 1881 was a memlier of Company H, 
Eighth Regiment, Illinois State Militia, retir- 
ing in 1887. 


Of the many leading and successful business 
men of Tuscola who have fought their way suc- 
cessfully through life and wlm have been the 
architect of their own fortune in the true sense 
of that term is the subject of this sketch. He 
is a dealer in jioidtry, produce, fish, etc., and is 
also interested in the ice business. He founded 
his present business in Tuscola in 1896, c>;n- 
slructing a building 80x20 feet, and one and 
one-half stories high. This building burned in 
August of the following year, and he im- 
mediately erected on the same site a more com- 
modious one, 120x30 feet. It is safe to say 
that Mr. Philli])s" poultry Inisiness is one of 
the very largest in the state outside of Chicago. 
He has about twenty-fi\-e men traveling and 
Ijuying poultry antl produce throughout the 
year. For fifteen years prex'ious to his com- 


who was a native of Hawkins county, Tennes- 
see. William married Miss Emily Phillips (no 
relation, though bearing the same name ) . Tho 
father died in 1863, and his mother in 1898, 
aged seventy-seven years. In February, 1881, 
Mr. Phillips wedded IMiss Nellie M. Fitch, of 
Coles county, Illinois. They have four chil- 
dren : Vena, Dona, M W. and Herald. Mr. 
Phillips is a member of the Woodmen and 


In touching upon the history of D(iuglas 
county for the past sixty years, none have l)een 
more prominently connecte( 

with its growth 



and industrial exi)ansit>n than tlie Hon. Maiden 
Jones. He endured all the hardsli'',is inc'deut 
to the rough pioneer life and has passed 
through a most honorahle and en\iable career. 
I Ic is a nati\e of Lee county, \''irginia, and was 
horn Fel)ruary 8. 1818. W'hen a chilil he went 
with his parents to Kentucky, where he was 
reared and where, at about the age of seven- 
teen, he entered a store as clerk and remained 

three years. In 1840 he came west, making the 
trip on liorsehack, settled with his brother. Al- 
fred, live miles southwest of Areola, and there 
engaged in farming and the live stock business. 
In 1848 he removed to his i)resent locality and, 
in company with Mr. (iruelle. opened a general 
store about half a mile north of Bourbon, his 
store being the only one west of Ciiarleston. 
He was engaged extensively in buying and 
selling cattle and horses, ami dro\e them from 
his home to Wisconsin, which at that time was 
the only market worthy of the name in the 
west. They continued at this point about one 

year. Mr. Jones then built a store in Bourbon 
and laid out the town. He continued merchan- 
dising here about .six years. In 1858 he was 
elected sheritY of the county of Coles, and re- 
moved to Charleston. There he resided for 
three j'ears, returning to l>ourbon in 1861. 1 le 
was elected to the Legislature in 1864 and re- 
elected in 1866. and was the first member 
elected from the new county of Douglas. In 
1876 he was elected state senator and served 
four years. He was also a candidate lor the 
senate in 1880, but was defeated by a few votes. 
On coming to Coles, now Douglas county, 
he had but forty dollars and a \)r,ny. He 11. iw 
owns fifteen hundred acres of land and the 
finest residence in the township, which cost 
over six thousand dollars. He was married 
in 1880 to Alary, daughter of Isaac Gruelle. 
who was one of the earliest settlers of this 
county. Eleven children have blessed this 
union, nine now living, four sons and ll\e 
daughters. His wife died June 23. 1895, in 
her sixty-first \-e;u'. .\mongst .Mr. Jones" neigh- 
bors, when he first settled in the vicinity of 
Bourbon, might be mentioned the .Abbots, Sto- 
vals, Ellises and the Chandlers. Mr. Jones 
and Lemuel Chandler, in the i860 days of old, 
were the leading stump speakers and authorities 
of the day. and being on opposite sides of the 
important political (|uestions, made the old 
brick school house in llnurbon fairly ring with 
the eloquent pros and cons of ])()litical del)ate, 
the condimen1:s of which were not a little per- 
sonal feeling, which, to the knowing ones, lent 
an added zest to their enjoyment; but, happy 
to say, old time fixed them with his glitter- 
ing eye at last and the foolishness of political 
animosity gracefully gave way to the sober 
philosophy of increasing years. In a public 



career of about forty-five years, Mr. Jones, 
while iiccui)\'ing positions of trust and respon- 
sibility, sucli as sheriff, rej^resentative and state 
senator, has retained his integrity and, conse- 
quently, the respect of his fellow citizens. His 
character has never been assailed and he stands 
l)ef(.)re the world to-day retaining the reputa- 
tion of an honest and influential man. Mr. 
Jones is universally respected. He has seen 
many changes in the county and at the sunset 
of life still takes an active and iniluential part 
in the political, social and industrial life <if the 


.Mian Campbell, son of John Campbell, died 
October 13, 1875. Without a sketch and por- 

trait of .Mian Campbell this book would be 
verv incomplete, as the Campbell family was 

among the earliest and most prominent pioneers 
in Bourbon townsbiji. .Allan came before bis 
father, and soon after his arrival bought five 
acres of land just south of Lesterville, at the 
Bagdad bridge, and ran a ferry here for three 
years. Allan Campbell was born in Knox comi- 
ty, Kentucky, in 1809. His grandfather, Allan 
Campbell, was born in Virginia, and was among 
the early settlers in Kentucky. His father, 
John Campbell, removed to Bourbon township 
soon after his brother. His mother was Lu- 
cinda Sullivan, also a nati\e of Kentucky. 

Allan Campbell first married Miss Mary 
Ann Hoots, who was a daughter of David 
Hoots, of a German family. Of this marriage 
there are three children living, all residing in 
Bourbon township : Hiram, John H. and 

, the wife of William Warmsley. His 

first wife died, and onFebruary 13, 185 1, he 
wedded Miss Mar}' Fleming, who still survives 
biiu. She was born in I'arke county, Indiana, 
antl was a daughter of Stephen and Jane 
(Kerr) Fleming. Her father was born in 
Fleming county, Kentucky, and her mother in 
Pennsylvania. Her grandfather, Stephen 
Fleming, was a native (_)f Scotland, and her 
grandfather, Thomas Kerr, was a native of 
Ireland. To .\llan Campljell and Mary Flem- 
ing Campbell were born three sons and one 
daughter, now living: Joseph .\.., James H., 
Annette, who is the wife of Albert Filers, of 
Garrett township, and Stephen S. At the 
time of Mr. Allan's death be owned about 
thirty-five hundred acres of land. .\t that time 
it was divided up between the widow and the 
children Mrs. Campbell receiving nine hundred 
and twenty acres, all in Bourbon township, 
which she still owns. She resides on the old 


Campbell homestead, two miles south of Lester- 
ville. She is in lier seventy-foiirtli year, and is 
a ilevout member of the Presb\lerain clmrch. 


r. W. Sw iij:irt. the leadino' liarness dealer 
and <ine nl the most successftil business men in 
Xewman and 1)(iuil;1;is county, was l)orn in Car- 
roll county. M;iryl;uid. in sight of Westminis- 
ter. July 3. US31. and was a son of Jose])h Swi- 
gart. When nine years of age T. W. Swigart 
removed with his ])arents to Seneca county, 
Ohio, where he si)ent a large portion of his life 
on a farm. From the years 1848 to 185 1 he 
devoted his time to learning the trade of har- 

Jndiana, where he resided and worked at his 
trade successfully up to the year 1870, when be 
went to Princeton. Illinois. There he met Miss 
Sarah Jane Martin, who, in 1871, became his 
wife. In the same year he came to Danville. 
Illinois, where he followed his trade uiuil the 
month of ]'"el)ruary, 1873, when he came to 
Newman and succeeded S])eelman & Ogden 
in the harness business. During his residence 
in Newman he has become one of the most suc- 
cessful business men in the city and has accum- 
ulated quite a lot of property. In politics he 
is thoroughly independent and there is very 
little of hypocrisy in his nature. He is thor- 
oughly candid and outspoken in his convictions. 
He has ser\ed three terms as president of the 
town board. He has also been a member of 
the board of health and director of the I'.uilding 
& Loan Association. He is a Mason and mem- 
ber of the Knights of Honor. In his business 
relations with the public he is unimpeachable 
and supplies the people for miles around with 
the most improved style of harness. He is 
a clever gentleman and respected by most every 


Edward W. Calvin, the leading druggist 
and owner of both livery stables of Newman, 
was born in Wayne county, Illinois, December 
-M. i860. He is a son of Dr. J. W. Calvin, 
nessmaker at IJellfontaine. Oiiio. He was a who was born in Kentucky in 1829, and be 
young man of good habits and of splendid me- the son of Hiram Calvin, who was a native 
chanical turn of mipd ; he learned the trade of Virginia. His father was a graduate of 
thoroughly and soon became a first-class work- Rush Medical College. He married Sarah 
man. In the year 1852 he removed to .Attica, Brown, of New Buffalo, Michigan, whose 


(leatli occurred some twenty years ago. He grandfather, Joseph Sniilli. was a native of 
has practiced at various places, was at Newman Nashville, Tennessee, and later removed to 
one year and is at present in active and success- Vermilion county, where he resided until his 

ful practice at Toledo, Ohio. 

E. W. Calvin has for several years exten- 
sively engaged in buying and selling horses 
and has been remarkably successful in all busi- 
ness enterprises in which he has been interested. 
In June, 1897, he opened out in the drug busi- 
ness and keeps on hands one of the most com- 
plete assortments of drugs found in a first-class 
drug store. 

In 1889 he was united in marriage to Miss 
Emma Smith, of Vermilion county. They have 
one child, Okal McCrea. Mrs. Calvin is a 
daughter of Michael Smith, who was born in 
Vermilion county, Illinois. Her mother was 
Mary Ann Snapp. She was a daughter of 
George Snapp, a native of Richmond, Virginia, 
He was a carriagemaker by trade and after 
working some time at his trade in Richmond 
he removed to Georgetown, Vermilion county. 
He was in the war of 1812. Mrs.Calvin's 

death. In about 1890 Mrs. Calvin started her 
present millinery store in Newman and carries 
a stock as large and varied as can be found 
in many towns of from ten thousand to fifteen 
thousand people. Edward W. Calvin has made 
a success of every business \enture he has ever 
undertaken. He takes an acti\e interest in po- 
litical and social afi^airs and is public spirited 
and interests himself in e\'erything that helps 
Newman and Douglas countv. 


Jacob Rice ]\Ioore, wlm recently died, 
was one of the best known and most generally 
respected farmers in the count}'. His illness 
lingered and lasted for two long years before 
death relieved him. There were probably but 
few people in the neighborhood of Areola and 
its surroundings who were aware that 
I\lr. Moore at the time of his death was one of 
the oldest residents of the county. He was 
born within sight of the place on which he 
died and the same section of rich Illinois soil 
which claims the honor of his birth witnessed 
his rise to manhood and his gradual advance- 
ment to comparative old age. For sixty-two 
years he lived and thrived on the same farm 
where his birth occurred, when Douglas county 
was unheard of and the old prairie state was a 
wilderness of a few scattering hamlets. Be- 
fore Areola was a dot on the map he was liv- 
ing on the farm where he died and he wit- 



iicsseil llic swaiii]) l.unls of tlie county mature 
into tlic riclicst and one of tlie most fertile 
cmmtics on the continent. He was one of 
tliose i|uiet. unassuming men wlio let the great 
world tight its hattlcs while he huilt a heauti- 
ful home for his w ife and interesting children, 
lie was careful and economical and what he 
earned he saved. Through this method of 
economy, his land interests broadened nut and 

lie hecame one of ilie succes>lul men in the 
business affairs of the community. It is said 
f)f Mr. Moore that during his entire life he 
was never absent from his home more than a 
period of thirty days at the most. 

Jacol) R. Moore was born September i8, 
1836, and died June 2. 1899, aged sixty-two 
3-ears, eight months and f(Jiuleen days. lie 
was married to Mary W. Bacon, of Bourbon, 
December 31, 186 J. To them were born 
seven children, whose names are as follows : 
Richard, George B., Rice J., Anna M., Wade 
II., Emma B. S., and Leonora Moore. As a 
neighbor, Mr. Moore was always ready to lend 

a helping hand and jjassed through the trials 
incident to the life of early settlers in what was 
then the far west. V^ ir yeru"s he was one of the 
-lireclors of the I-'irsi .Vational r>ank of .\rcoIa. 
He helped to build Bethel church, and lent 
\aluable aid in organizing the congregation 
<hu-ing the f;dl of 1S83. although not an active 
nicniber: he and his wife became members 
October 4, 1884, and in June. 1890, he was 
raised to the dignity of elder. Mr. Moore was 
a man of strong, positive character and 
unswerving dignity, and in his death the com- 
inimity in which he luul so long resided lost 
a kind neighbor and a good citizen, and the 
cluu\-h witli which he had been so closely 
identified, one of its str(')ngest stays and most 
hel])ful members. 

Capt. Rice J. Moore, a son, volunteered 
in the Illinois National (iuard, March 31, 
1894: saw field service in Chicago, in July, 
1894; appointed corporal July 10, 1895; 
appointed quartermaster sergeant March 15. 
1897: conunissioned second lieutenant I'ourth 
Infantry, Illinois X'olunteers. May jo. 1898; 
detached from h'ourth Regiment July 25, 1898. 
and assigned to Engineer Corps of the Sev- 
enth Army Corjjs in 1898. He resigned his 
commission in the arni\- No\eml)er 9, 1898, 
and returned to the farm. 

GEORCil'. W. I'.UOCK. 

George W. Brock, cjue of the reliable and 
re])resentative farmers of Newman township, 
residing within the corporate limits of the 
city of Newman, was born twelve miles south- 



west of Crawfordsville, Indiana, Sep,tember who was a most estimable woman, died Feb- 
8, 1846. His father, Seth Brock, was a native rnary 16, 1S99. She was a devoted member 
of Warren county, Ohio. He was a carpenter of tiie Christian church at Newman and her loss 
hv trade and fanned also, owning farms in was deeply felt in church circles. 

Mr. Brock owns one hundred and sixty 
acres of land in Newman township, and three 
acres inside the corporate limits of Newnrin. 
He is one of the useful citizens of Xewmau 
township, careful and prompt in business, and 
;it his lionie cmn-tedus and hospitalile. 


Francis A. McCarty was mic nt ilie nn isl 
remarkably successful Ijusiness men who e\er 
resided in Douglas county. He was born in 
Schuyler county. New York, April 23, 1837, 

W'avne and ^Montgomery counties: he later 
remiixed to Mason county, Illinois. He was 
a strong pro-slavery man. and a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church ; was born in 
18 1 3 and died in 1873. He wedded Mary 
A. Palmer, who was a daughter of Jesse Pal- 
mer, a native of North Carolina-, but who lie- 
came one of the early settlers of Indiana. 
Elijah Brock (grandfather) was born in Ohio. 
George W. Brock was reared on a farm 
and educated in the common schools. At the 
age of si.xteen years, on account of a severe 
spell of sickness, he lost the use of his right 
side. He married at Camp Butler, Miss Ma- 
linda Vanhook, daughter of Thomas and 
Matilda ( Mann ) Vanhook, and the result of 
this union was one child living, Ada Lucy, 
aged fifteen years, and three dead : Phillip 

and died at his home in Filson, May 14, 1899. 
He was a son of John and Laura (Frost) Mc- 
L., Harry C. and Ethel Ellen. Mrs. Brock, Carty, natives of New England. 



Cli;irk".s McCarty. hr.ilhcr of Joseph Mc- 
Carly. was Ijorn at Morristown. Xew jersey, 
in 177(). and died in Montour. Scliuyler coun- 
ty. Xcw York. November 15. 1858. in liis 
eii^lity-thinl year. Jo.scph McCarty (grandfa- 
ther) \\a> the fatlier of Jolui. Charles, W'iHiani 
and David, was burn January 9. 1778. and (Hcd 
July J5. 1845. His wile. Mary Harnerd .Mc- 
Carty. was l)orn .\ugust 15. 1774. and died 
January 20. 184O. John McCarty (father), 
son of Josej)!!. was born .\hiy 13, 1S05, and died 
January 14. 1875. Jo.scph iMcist (grandfa- 
ther) was Jjorn June 4. 1797. married Sallie 
McCarty. and died October 27, 1847. lie was 
a son of Joseph I'^rost, a sokher of the l\e\-ohi- 
lion, who was born May _'_', 1754. and (bed 
May 28, 1844. at Callicrinc. Xew York. Jle 
married Lucy Couch, a daughter of Jonathan 
Coucli, who was married September 19, 1781, 
died April 8, 1843. antl was lnn"ied at Cather- 
ine, Xew ^'ork. .\])pendetl herewith is a cer- 
tificate from the Adjutant General's office of 
the state of Connecticut: "Hartford, Septem- 
er II, 1895. This is to certify that Joseph 
Frost (grandfather of b~rancis A. McCartxj 
served in the war of the Re\olulion. and the fol- 
lowing is his service according to the records 
of this office ; Private in Colonel Benjamin Hin- 
man's regiment. Discharged in northern de- 
])artment Septem!)er 1 1, 1775. l'ri\ate in Cap- 
tain I'Llijah , Mile's company. Colonel Philip 
iiurr. Bradley's regiment. Enlisted June 16, 
1776. Dicharged November 16, 1777. Pris- 
oner at Fort Washington." He was a resi- 
dent uiuil 1803 of Redding, I'^iirtield county, 
Connecticut, when with bis family he removed 
to Schuyler ccjunty, New York, where he re- 
sidcfl until his dqatii. He and two of his 

brothers were made jirisoners when Lord I lowe 
captured Fort Washington, in November, 1776. 
Tbe\- suf'fered great hardship in a British j)rison 
hulk in New York bay, anil the two brothers 
died while prisoners. Joseph Frost was wound- 
ed in battle and rccei\ed a jiension up until 
the tnne of his death. 

hrancis A. McCarty was reared and edu- 
cated at Catherine. .\'ew York, and also at- 
tended Lima (Xew \drk ) Seminary, h'cbru- 
ary 12, 1879, he married Miss Emma N'oung, 
of Binghamton. .\'e\v \'(irk, who was a daugh- 
ter of William antl Caroline I'.. ( .Munder) 
N'oung. They were both nati\es of Germany. 
Mrs. McCart}' has in her possession a medal 
gi\en her grand fatlici'. Jacob Munder, li\' the 
King of Wurtemhei'g for faitliful services 
in the field. To .Mr. and .Mrs. .McCarty were 
born h\c children, all li\ing; John William 
Fred, Laura h'rost. Carrie Louise and b'ran- 
ces E. 

In 1879 -Mr. McCarty came to Doug- 
las county anil settled in Arcida township, 
where he bought a tract of land where he re- 
sided on the farm until 1894. when he lo- 
cated in Tuscola. He luul great energ\' and 
talent for organizing and conducting business 
affairs, and by his great natural ability and 
indomitable perseverance attained a high prom- 
inence in the industrial and financial affan's of 
Douglas county. .\t the time of his death he 
owned two thousand acres of land in Douglas 
comity, fixe hundred acres in IMarion county, 
Illinois, and eight hundred acres in Missouri. 
These large estates are looked after by his 
widow, Mrs. McCarty, who jxjssesses in a large 
degree great busiiK'ss tact, fine intelligence, and 
is a highly educated lady. 




George White, the well known implement 
dealer and auctioneer of Newman, was born 
near Glasgow. Barren county. Kentucky, 
August 18, 1842, and is a son of M. L. and 
Mary (Biby) White. Aliddleton White 
was born in Barren county, Kentucky, and 
moved to Edgar county, Illinois, where he was 
married. His wife was also from near Glasg\)w, 
Kentucky. They are both dead and buried 
in the Paris cemetery. 

George White came ti) Newman and 
located in business in almut 1874. since which 

time his business has steadily grown until he 
is known as one of the most successful and 
extensive implement dealers in the entire 
county. He also handles the Mitchell wagon 
and several makes of luiggies and carriages. 
His sales run from $25,000 to $35,000 annu- 

In 1844 Mr. \\'hite was united in marriage 

to Miss Delia Clark, who is a native of Ken- 
tucky. They have two children: Henry W., 
who will graduate from the Chicago Home- 
opathic School of Medicine in INIarch, 1901, 
and Fred, who is in business with his father. 
George White has here held the otTice of town- 
ship supervisor and while he resided in Edgar 
county held the same office. In 1861 he vol- 
unteered in Company E, Twelfth lUinois In- 
fantry, and served through the entire Civil 
war. During the month of February especially 
his serxices are in great demand as a, public auc- 
tioneer. He is a member of the Knights of 
]'}thias and also the Grand Army of the Re- 
]niblic. He has a pleasant home in Newman 
and is classed among that town's best business 


Judge John Brown has been for over sixty 
vears identified with the best interests of Doug- 
las county. He was born in Ross county, 
Ohio, May 7, 1822, on a farm, where he re- 
mained until the age of seventeen. This farm 
was located on Paint creek, two miles from 
Chillicothe, the county seat of Ross county. 
( )ur sul:)ject is a son of Nimrod Brown, who 
was a native of .Augusta county, Virginia, and 
who served in the war of 1812. His mother 
was, before her marriage, Elizabeth Eigel- 
bright, and was born in Monroe county, Vir- 
ginia. When our subject was but seven years 
old his father died, and his mother, with three 
sons and four daughters, emigrated to what is 
now Douglas county, in about 1838, and set- 
tled in what is now Sargent township. The 



Jiidijo's ]);ilcnial t^raiulfatlier. W'ashiiiyluri 
r>ni\\ii. was a X'irginian 1>y l)irtli. At the time 
his motlier located in Sarqeiit townsliip she was 
very ])oi)r. tlie oldest son. W'asiiington. manag- 
ing the husiness. Land at that time sold for 
from fonr to si.x dollars an acre, but monev 
was very scarce. This was in September. 1838. 
the date of his mother's settlement in Sargent 

Judge Brown married, in 1844, Sally Ann 
Barnett. who was a daughter of William and 
Mary Barnett. natives of Kentuck\- and earlv 

settlers in X'ernn'lion Mrs. lirown 
dieil in 1853. leaxing one child. William R. 
l!r(j\\n, who is a farmer residing in Jasper 
county, Indiana. Judge Brown subser|uenlly 
married .Mary Barnett. a double cousin to his 
first wife and a daughter of Jobii .M. and Ana 
Barnett. of Vermilion county. .Mary having 
been born, howexer. in Bowdre township. 
Their family consisted of six children, four of 
whom are living: Bright resides in Rjowdre 
township; Charles F., in Camargo township; 

I'dla. who is at home: and Kate is the wife of 
W. S. Burgett. 

Mr. Brown was elected county judge dm-- 
ing the war of the Rebellion and ser\'ed in that 
office for four years. lie is a stanch Republic- 
an, and the owner of about nine hundred acres 
of tine land, .lie is the oldest living settler i'.i 
the five eastern townshijjs. Among some of 
the early settlers whom he intimately knew w ere 
Andy (iu.inn. Ilenr_\- and Snowden .Sargent. 
Jan.K's and Stephen Redden. Ambrose and John 
Martin and their father John. Washington 
Boyce. Re\-. William Watson, a Methodist 
preacher, and his brother. I'armenus. 


I. W. Burgett. deceased, was. during his 
residence in Douglas county, one of its leading 
and most successful farmers. Fr(}m the t'uie 
he was ten years old he spent the whole of his 
e\enlful life in Sargent townshi)). lie is a 
descendant of English and German ancestors, 
who were among the earlv res dents of Ohio. 
His grandfather w;is in the war of 1812. His 
lather. Abraham Burgett. lixed in I'ick.away 
county and there married Eliza Wells, a natix'e 
(_)f Ohi(i lie and his wife continued to li\e 
in that county, and there Isaac W . Burgett was 
born. The famih' shortK' afterwanl remo\ed 
to Indiana and settled in \ ermillion county, 
near I'errysville, on the Waljash river. Here 
Abraham B.urgett followed the ijccupations of 
cooper and farmer. He died in 1840. lea\ing children. 

Isaac W. Burgett was born June 18, 1829. 



W'lien the family removed to Douglas county 
tliey settled hear the mouth of Brushy Fork. 
He went to school in the Sargent neighhorhood 
and in the vicinity of Newman. On coming 


to Dcuglas cnu.U}- h's mother renied land, 
and when a mere lioy lie had charge nf the farm 
;'nd with a younger brother performed nearly 
all the labor. This Ci>ntinued until his mother's 
second marriage. In the summer he worked 
at home and in the winter went ti> school. 
\\ hen aijout eighteen y;ars of age he started 
out for himself and worked on a farm for from 
eight to ten dollars a month. Two or three 
>ears were spent in this way. 

Decemlier 28. 1848, he was married to 
Telitha Howard, a native of Jackson, Ohio, 
whose parents had emigrated to Vermillion 
county, Indiana, and then to Douglas county, 
Illinois. At this time his capital consisted of 
twenty-fi\-e dollars in money and one horse, 
and on this he rented land on Brushy Fork and 
liegan farming, renting land for two years. 
He afterward bought, on credit, twenty acres 

of timber and entered eighty acres on which 
he moved in the spring of 1S53, and at the time 
of his death owned over one thousand and six 
hundred acres of land. He became not only 
prominent in farming, but also an extensive 
dealer in li\'e stock. Mr. and Mrs. Burgett 
had eleven children: William B., Margery A., 
John W'esle}-, Hezekiah \\'.. Eliza Ellen. Sarah 
Elizabeth, Scott, Wilson S.. Maud L.. Carl S. 
and Thomas P. 


Williaiu H. Newport, of the neighborhood 
of West R'dge, and one of the most successful 
farmers in Douglas county, was Ijorn in Tus- 
carawas county, (3hio, February c), 1840, a son 

of John and Susanna ( Rensberger) New-port, 
natives of Ohio. He has resided on his farm 
of several hundred acres for thirteen years, 



;iml wliilc lie has always been a tenant he has 
been most successful. 

In i€%2 he was married to Miss Fannie 
Mishler. who was lK>rn in Tuscarawas county. 
Ohio. To their marriage have been born five 
children, Charley. Israel, Eli, Otis and Grover 
Newport. Mr. Xewport is a member of the 
I. O. O. F. fraternity, and is now serving as 
one of the road commissioners of his town- 
ship. He is liberal and benevolent toward all 
enterprises for the betterment of the commun- 
ity in which he lives. 


Robert M. Black, the subject of this 
memoir, came from an ancestry of more than 
ordinary importance and i)rominence. 

His great-grandfather, with his family, re- 
moved from Scotland and settled in Virginia 
some years before the Revtjlutionary war, 
l)assed through the terrors and excitement 
caused by the traitor ArnoUl in portions of \'ir- 
ginia, volunteered, though far past the age of 
liability, for military service, and was one of 
the soldiers, who. under Lafayette and (jen. 
Wayne, turned and drove back Loyi] Cornwal- 
lis. He was intimately acquainted with La- 
fayette, Gen. Wayne and Gen. Lord Sterling, 
who were frequent guests at his house. His 
youngest son, George Black, the grandfather of 
our subject, was born on the 8th of July, 1767. 
He was nine years old when the Declaration of 
Independence was issued. He was a son of 
the Revolution and saw and caught the spirit 
of most of the stirring scenes of that eventful 

period. George Black, with his family, re- 
moved from A'irginia and settled in Kentucky, 
some time before the war of 1812. He became 
a soldier of this war in a regiment of mounted 
riHeman and rendered important service under 
tlie command of Gen. Harrison. 

With such an ancestry, whose character and 
qualities he reproduced and reflected, togctlier 

with his own individual traits, we may imder- 
stand the life of Robert M. Black, who was the 
ninth in a family of thirteen children born to 
Andrew and Margaret (Lockridge) Black. 
Andrew Black and his family left their home in 
Mt. Sterling, Kentucky, and went to Green- 
castle. Indiana, in 1850. The life of Robert M. 
Black dates from December 13, 1845, to June 
1 1, 1899, a period of fifty -three years of great 
activity and success. His Scotch blood, fired 
with the spirit of the Revolution, produced a 
fine type of American jjatriot and citizen. In 
his Ixiyhood days the future man already ap- 
peared. Obedient to parents, kind in disposi- 
tion, solicitous about the welfare and happiness 



of his brothers and sisters, and loyal and un- 
selfish toward his playmates, he early developed 
into a true man. who was willing and anxious 
to contril;)ute his part to the world's progress 
as a man and citizen. At the age of sixteen he 
enlisted in the Seventy-eighth Indiana Regi- 
ment and in his first battle, at Union City. Ken- 
tucky, was wounded in the knee in the midst of 
a display of uncommon bravery. Vet his 
l^raverv probably saved his life, since, while he 
was facing the enemy alone, his company being 
in full retreat, the rebel commander ordered his 
men "not to shoot so brave a boy." Thus early 
in life, under the most trying circumstances, 
appeared those sterling qualities which made 
him prominent throughout his entire life and 
endeared him with peculiar strength to his 
comrades, friends and acquaintances. The 
wound received shortly after his enlistment 
greatly hindered him the rest of his days, Init 
was borne with the same cheerful liravery with 
which it was received. 

In 1873 he was married to Miss Mary 
Hutchings, who lived but two years afterward. 
In 1889 he married Miss Laura Moore, whom, 
with their four children, he left at his death 
well provided for. He was engaged in farming 
and stock business, which took him out over the 
country and into the neighboring states and 
caused him to handle a vast amount of money. 
His business brought him in contact with men, 
and, on accotmt of his fair dealings and sturdy 
sociability, he made many friends and exerted 
a great influence. He was interested in poli- 
tics and was a stanch Republican. In religion 
he was a Presbyterian, was for many years a 
member of the church, and as a father care- 
fully brought up his children. His religion was 
not too sacred to be used in everv-dav affairs 

and it was the real foundation of his many ex- 
cellent qualities shown in touch with his fel- 
low men. His loyalty to his frientls knew no 
bounds. Every true man found in him a 
worthy and constant companion, and friend- 
ships, formed upon manly qualities, were never 
broken. His large heart found pleasure in re- 
sponding, in a substantial way. to the poor or 
tliose in temporary distress. To help others 
was a real pleasure to him, and being interested 
in those battling with adversity he was inter- 
ested in all. He was progressive and public 
spirited, and in no sense lived for himself 
alone. Cheerfulness was his constant com- 
panion and it ne\er forsook him, although all 
others were gloomy. He had a source of ra- 
diance and sunshine that seemed denied to 
many of his fellows. Some four years before 
his demise he moved to this county on a large 
farm four miles north of Oakland City, and be- 
ing a careful business man he made money 
and friends in his new home, and he and his 
family were soon holding a large place in the 
affections and good-will of the entire commun- 
ity. A communit}- ma_\- with pardonaljle pride 
record the name of so true ami noble-hearted 
a citizen in its ccuntv history. 


C. D. Greve. one of the successful yoiuig 
business men of the county and the leading 
grain buyer at Garrett, was born one mile west 
of the village September 2"], 1868, and is a 
son of Thomas Gre\-e. wlio emigrated to this 
country from German}- at the age of twenty- 



one and settled in (Barrett township. His wife a thorougli business man, enteri)rising. and 

was Catlierine Ritz. Tlioinas Greve lias lived ]jn)inises to become one of Garrett's most nseful 

in Garrett townsiii]) for forty years, engaged citizens, 
in farming, and at present owns fnur Inuulred 

and fiftv acres of land. P.nth he and his wife 
are members of the Evangelical church. 

C. D. Greve was reared on a farm, and after 
leaving the common schools spent two years 
in the X'alparaiso (Indiana) .X'ormal. After 
leaving .school he engaged in the hardware and 
implement business and continued in the same 
for seven years. In 1898 and iSqc; he was 
elected assessor. 

In .March. 1894. .Mr. Greve was married to 
Miss Katie h'rahm. a daughter of Jacob Frahm. 
1 hey have four children : \'ictor, Hilda, Roy 
and Paulina. Mr. Greve is one of the charter 
members of the Knights of Pythias lodge that 
was recently organized at (iarrett. He ()wns 
nine acres of land in the corporate limits oi 
Garrett, and also a very fine home in the vil- 
lage, besides some other town property. He is 


Isaac Skinner was born in \ ermillion coun- 
ty. Indiana, January 5, 1829, and is a son of 
Joseph Skinner, win) was among the earliest 
settlers in the neighborhood of .\ewman. com- 
ing, in 1839, from X'ermillion county, Indiana, 
and settling along the timber a mile and a half 
southwest of where Xewman now is. There 
were no schools in the \'icinily when he lirsl 
came to the county, lie worked for his father 
rmtil of age and then engaged in farming on 
rented land. In about 1853 he had sa\'ed 
money enough to enter one hundred and sixty 
acres of land. His mother, whose maiden 

name was I'oUy Gaston, was a daughter of 
Thomas Gaston, who lived in Meigs county. 
Ohio, and ])robably was a native of Canada. 



His fatlier, Joseph, was born in Mame. His 
grandmother, Sarah Gaston, was Ijorn on tlie 
St. Lawrence river, while her parents were held 
captives by the Indians. 

Isaac Skinner was reared on a farm and re- 
ceived the limited school advantages that were 
common in that day. He was first a Whig and 
since the birth of the Republican ])arty has been 
identified with that organization. He has been 
three times married. First, in February, 1859. 
he married Miss Mahala Drake, who died in 
1865. His second wife was Mrs. Mary Hill, 
whose maiden name was Lewis ; her death oc- 
curred in 1869. His third wife was Mrs. 
Catherine Barnes, whose maiden name was 
Bell. He has five children, one, Robert, Ixirn 
of the first union, and four, Katie, Margaret, 
Elvin and Arthur, by the last marriage. Mr. 
Skinner owns three hundred and twenty acres 
of land adjoining the city of Newman, and has 
aljout retired from acti\-e Ijusiness pursuits. 
He joined the INIethodist church in 1858. As 
a christian gentleman and public-spirited citi- 
zen, Mr. Skinner has an enxiablc record, one 
upon which he and his friends can Imik with 
])ri(le and satisfaction. 


Alexander Hance, who is one of the ideal 
farmers of Douglas county, came to Newman 
township in 1871 and engaged as an ordinary 
farm hand, at which he continued for some 
seven or eight years. His career is a fine ex- 
ample of what a man can do witli a determined 
liurjiose in life. From the ordinary walks of 

life he has gradually risen to the front rank as 
a farmer, stock-raiser and a business man. 

Mr. Hance was Ijorn in Washington coun- 
ty, Tennessee, February 19, 1850, and there he 
remained until he came to Douglas county. He 
purchased his first land of three hundred and 
twenty acres in 1S81), paying thirty dollars per 
acre for it, and has since added one hundred 
and sixtv acres. He is a son of Mordecai and 

Millie (Lackey) Hance, who were born re- 
spectively in North Carolina and east Tennes- 
see. His father, who resided at Tompkins- 
ville, Kentucky, \-olunleered in 1861 in the 
Ninth Kentucky Ca\-a1r_\', and remained out un- 
til the close of the war. He was with Sherman 
mostly, and was with him from Atlanta to the 
sea. He was a son of Samuel Hance, who was 
liorn in England, .\lexander Lackey was Mr. 
Hance's maternal grandfather. Alexander 
Hance carries on farming on a very extensive 
scale and feeds regularly about one or two hun- 
dred head of cattle. 

In 1874 our subject was united in marriage 



to Miss Xaiicv, a (laui^liter nf Joliii 11. Biggs, 
wiio came to north Xcwman townshi]) from 
Edgar county in about 1855. His wife died in 
1895. To tliem were horn seven children : Bur- 
nette. Kdherl. M\rtle, jay and Joseph, living; 
and Glenn .and an infant, deceased. His sec- 
ond and present wife was Miss Generva, a 
daughter of W. H. llolton. of near Jefifer.son- 
ville. Indiana. Two children have blessed this 
union: Lcim and Leonard. Mr. Hance has 
served as commissioner nf highways and has 
been a ruling elder of the Cumberland Presb.y- 
terian church, at Fairtield. since 1872. 


Joseph Ashurst. prnicipal and superintend- 
ent of the Camargo public schools and present 
nominee of the DemcK-ratic i)arty for the office 
of countv superintendent of schools, has been 
a leading educator in the county for several 
years. He was bi)rn in Somerset. Pulaski conn 
ty. Kentucky, .\pril 16. 1872. and is a son of 
Henry Clay and Elizabeth (Thurman) .As- 
hurst. wlio were both born in Pulaski county, 
Kentucky. His grandfathers, Henry Ashurst 
and Joseph Thurman, were natives of Vir- 
ginia and early settlers in Pulaski county, 
where they were engaged in agricultural i)ur- 
suits. His father, Henry C. Ashurst, was one 
time sheriff nf his native county. 

Joseph .\shnrst altcndc<l the common school 
and afterward the high school, and is largely 
self educated. In Douglas county he stands at 
the very front rank as a successful educator 

and teaches in his schools at Camargo. beside 
the common branches, botany, philoso])hy, 
zoologv and algel)ra. Prior tn his coming to 
Camargo, which was in .September, 1899. he re- 
sided at .\rtlun", where he located in 1890 and 
taught school in the country and subsequently 
was grammar teacher in the Arthur schools, 
which positif)n he resigned to accc])t his present 
one. In i8<_)4 he was united in marriage to 
Miss Lucv B., a daughter of Ilenrv C. Wood. 

a retired fanucr, of .\rthnr, but formerly of 
Moultrie county. Mr. Wood was born near 
N'incennes, Indiana, in 1845. and is a son ni 
FAi Wood, who was an early settler in Knox 
county, migrating from North Carolina. He 
was a soldier in Coiupany F, Eighteenth In- 
fantrv, and served until the clnse <if the war. 
His wife was Miss .\nn .Shultz, of Piatt 

Josei)h .\shurst, because nf his higli 
merit as an educator and general i)o])ularity 
as a gentleman, was chosen In' the Deiuocratic 



party to make tlie race for county superintend- 
ent in the next election, and it is conceded that 
he lias most excellent chances of heing elected. 
He owns eighty-five acres of land just south of 
Areola; is a memher of the Masonic an<l Odd 
Fellows fraternities and of the Woodmen. He 
has heen retained in the Camargo schools for 
another year at quite a good increase in salary, 
therehy showing to the people of Camargo 
and Douglas county that his work is appreci- 
ated. Although the majority in the fall elec- 
tion is against him he has a hetter show for 
election than any other candidate that the Dem- 
ocratic party has put out in several yjars. 


90. He immediately entered upon the practice 
of his profession at Belleville, Illinois, where 
he remained in active practice for two years. 
Then he romn-ed to Bond county, where he 
v;as located until 1895, when, on the 12th of 
October, in the same year, he came to Areola. 
He came here with a fixed purpose of making 
Areola and vicinity his field of work, and time 
has proven that he has made no mistake in his 
location. He almost immediately got into a 
]iaying practice, and within the last year he has 
all the business that he could ])ossibly attend to. 
Dr. Closer is a splendid judge of human 
nature, a close obserx'er and skilled in the diag- 
nosis of his patients. Affable and approach- 
able, he has within a very short time made a 
host of substantial friends. On December 10, 
1881, he was united in marriage and lias three 
children: Lola, \'iola and Mattie. 

George H. Moser, a well known and suc- 
cessful homeopathic physician of Areola, was 
born in Auburn, Schuylkill county, Pennsyl- 
vania, December 19, 1859. and is the son of 
John Moser, a native of the same state. His 
mother was Alvinia Hellig, who was a de- 
scendant of Quaker ancestry. The Moser fam- 
ily are descendants of the Dutch, whose lineage 
is traced back by some of the memljers to 
Daniel Moser, who made his settlement in 
Pennsylvania in the year 1799. 

Doctor Moser came west and early in life 
turned his attention to the study of medicine. 
After a thorough preparation lie entered the 
Homeo])athic Medical College of Missouri, at 
St. Louis, which is one of the leading medical 
institutions of the west, and was graduated 
with distinguished honors in the class of 1889- 


J. A. McGOWN. 

J. A. McGown, a most successful business 
man and a typical farmer residing in New- 
man township, was born in Edgar county. Illi- 
nois, March 30, 1832, and is a son of John and 
Olive Blackman, who were natives of Ken- 
tucky and New York respecti\-ely. His father 
emigrated to Edgar coimty, where he resided 
up to his death, which occurred .\pril 18, 1882. 
His mother died in 1892. 

J. .-\. McGown was reared to manhood on 
a farm in his native county and in about 1875 
located in Newman townshi]i, where he now re- 
sides. He owns four hundred am! seventy 



two acres of liighly cultivated land and one of 
tj-.e most magnificent residences in the county. 
He farms tni business principles and has made 
himself independent in a financial way by his 
careful and methodical way of doing things. 
On November 22, 1881, he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Martha C. Todd, and to then 
marriage have been born five children: Flor- 
ence, Olive, Grace, .\rthur and Anne. 

Our subject has held the office of road com- 
missioner for nine years, and twenty-one years 
out of the twenty-five he has resided in New- 
man township he has been school director and 
is greatly interested in the success of education. 
Jn 1898 he built his new house. He is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pythias and the Ortlcr 
of Wiiddmen. 


Within the past two years Tuscola has 
lost many of its oldest and most prominent 
citizens by death, but in the list none ha\e been 
more sadly missed or sincerely mourned 
than our subject, John M. Madison, whose 
death occurred Monday, July 13, 1896. He 
was born in Harrison county, Kentucky, May 
6, 1823, and was at the time of his death in the 
seventy-fourth year of his age. He belonged 
to a family of ten children: one bruthcr and 
two sisters are still living : H. B. Madison, Tus- 
cola; Mrs. Harriet Parrish, of Cynthiana, Ken- 
tucky; and Mrs. Parmelia Carter, of Wash- 

On September 22, 1851. our subject mar- 
ried Miss Jennie Rankin, at Cynthiana, a goi>d 

and noble woman, who preceded him to the 
grave only a few years. To them were born 
Harry, Robert antl l"'aimie, all of whom re- 
side in Tuscola, the two former composing the 
large clothing house of Harry Madison & Com- 
pany, hi 1854 Mr. and Mrs. Madison came to 
Charleston, Illinois, where he opened up a store, 
and in i860 they removed to Tuscola, where 
Mr. Madison engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness, which he continued up to within two 
years of his death. For many years he con- 
ducted the leading general store in Tuscola and 
by his honesty and straightforward dealing 
w'ith his fellow men prospered in a gratifying 
maimer. 1 le was a man of unquestioned char- 
acter and ])osscsscd the fullest confidence of all 
of our people, lie and his wife sjjent the later 
years of their lives with their daughter, Mrs. 
Fannie LiMise, who made it the ])in-[)ose of her 
life to care for them and make their last days 
pleasant, granting their every wish. 


Owen E. Jones, one of the leading mer- 
chants of Murdock since 1893, and the second 
son of Abram Jones, was born in Murd(jck 
townshi]). January 31, 1862. After leaving, 
the common schools, he took a course at the 
commercial college at Terre Haute in 1897. 
In 1899 Mr. Jones took in as a partner Percy 
Welliver, and the firm is doing a thriving 

In 1894 our subject was married to Miss 
.\ora 1'.. Dever, of Munlock, Illinois. .Mr. 



Jones is a member of the Modern Woodmen; 
l-:e and liis wife are memloers of the Methodist 
church ; lie is classed as one of the pro- 
gressive and successful business men of the 

\Villiam Jones, eldest son of Abram, and 
a well-known grain buyer and hotel keeper 
of Mnrdock, was born in Newman township,, 
this county, April 4, 1858, and was reared on 
the farm one and one-half miles from Mur- 
dock. His education was received in the 
i;eighborhood schools, and at the age of twenty- 
<jne started in merchandising at Hume, 
where he continued to do business for three 
years. In 1882 he engaged in the same line 
of Inisiness at Murdoch, and remained there 
until 1889. In the latter year he, with Jnhu 
W. Burgett, of Sargent township, formed a 
partnership in buying grain at Murdock. They 
continued to do business for two years, when 
the firm was succeeded by Fred I. Rush & Co., 
of Indianapolis, Mr. Jones acting as the buyer. 
He buys about three hundred thousand bush- 
els of grain annually, which is purchased prin- 
cipally from Murdock township farmers. In 
October, 1899, he took charge of the Jones 
House, which was previously managed by his 
father, Abram Jones. 

In 1880 Mr. Jones was wedded to Miss 
Victoria Dever, of Clark county, Illinois. 
They have two children, Asher C. and Nellie 
B. From 1893 to 1898 he served as post- 
master at Murdock, and is now serving his 
twelfth year as justice of the peace. He is 
a memlser of the Modern Woodmen, and him- 
self and wife are members of the Methodist 
church. He is one of the substantial citizens 
who has done well his part to add stability to 
to the business and social life of Murdock. 

Abram Jones, father of William W. and 
Owen E., was one of tiie early settlers of what 
is now Douglas county. He came in the fall 
of 1853 and located on a farm southeast of 
Tuscola, where he resided with his cousin, 
Owen Jones, until his marriage in 1855. He 
married Miss Elizabeth Eagler, of Macksburg, 
Ohio. In 1857 he became a tenant farmer 
in what was then called Coles countv, and in 

1863 moved to what is now known as Mur- 
dock township, Douglas county, where he has 
lived since and become the owner of one hun- 
dred and twenty acres of land, which he has 
only recently sold and retired from active 
business. He was born October 16, 1826, in 
Monroe county, Ohio, and is a son of Samuel 
Jones. His grandfather, Ephraim Jones, was 
born in Wales, and his maternal grandfather, 
Patrick Hamilton, was born in Ireland. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Aljram Jones were also 
born four daughters. ( i ) Anna Belle was 
born September 5, 1856, and became the wife 
of Hugh M. Wilson. To them were born two 



children, mie of whom died in infancy; and 
Mar\in A. Mrs. Wilson died jnne 26. 1898. 
(2).Mar\ 1 '"ranees was horn .Xoveniher 4, i860, 
and died Jannary j. i8()i. (3) Carrie was 
horn Noveni1)er 6, i8()4, and on March ly, 
1885. became the wife of Samuel Baxter. 
Their children were .Samuel II. and (lertrude. 
^4) l,ulie iowen was l)i>rn September _'3, 
18(17, and on ."^einemher 4, 1895, married J(jhn 
llorne. The death of .Mrs. .\bram Jones 
occurred July 8. 1893. 


Captain David I'.ailey, of Tuscola, one of 
the l)est and most favorably known citizens of 
the couiitv. was born in l-^dgar county. Decem- 
ber 24. 1845, and was reared on the farm and 
received his education in the Westiiekl College. 
For some years he resided on his farm of 320 
acres in Murdock township. In May. 1887, 
with his family, he removed from his f.arm to 
Tuscola, where he resides in one of the tieau- 
tiful homes for which this place is ntited. 

In 1870 he married Miss Eiizaljeth Cal- 
Jioun, w ho is a most estimable woman. '1 hey 
have two children, Gertrude and Edward. Cap- 
tain liailcy is a Knight Templar in .Masonry, 
and is of easy and pleasing address, very ap- 
proachable and a genial companion. He is a 
son of David Bailey, who was born in Salem, 
Rockingham county. New Hampshire, .Au.gust 
2, 1814, of [xjor but honest ]>arents. his Lather 
ijeing a farmer and shoemaker, to which busi- 
ness most of the bovs in that section ot the 

countr\' were brought u|). There were nine 
children in this New England home, three 
boys and si.x girls, and the story of their early 
life is only that which has been written of so 
many others, of hard work and of a few months 
only at the district school during the winter 
season. David P)aile_\- had no further oppor- 
tunity for scholastic training. Indeed, while 
yet imder twelve years of age he wns put (Hit 
to work. After siiending a number of years 
on the farm .Mr. llailey found an opp(,rlunity 
to enter a clerkship at 1 la\erhill. Massachusetts, 
but did not long remain there on account of 
poor health. He soon drifted into Boston, or 
rather to Charlestown, where he for a time held 
a clerkship in the stale penitentiarv. Late m 
the '30s he tlecided to follow the star of emiiire, 
and came west as far as Danvdle, lihnois, en- 
tering a general store, and it was while there 
that he first met Miss Hannah .\. I'lnley. to 
whom he was married bebruarv 9, 1841. ()i 
tliis union were born li\e children: three sons, 
Etlward, president of the Champaign National 
Bank, of that city; David, of Tuscola, 
and Ozias, of Texas, who sur\i\e their 
father; and iwo daughters, Abiah, wiio died 111 
childhood, and bue Bailey Slayueii, who dieil 
some years ago in W aco, Te.xas. 

After siiendiug some time working in Dan- 
ville, Mr. Bailey went to Bloomlield, Edgar 
County, walking all the way becuise he had iiol 
the means to jia}' coach fare, that being the on- 
ly mode of tra\el in those days, i here lie took 
a position on a salary. Later, with his brotiier 
Ozias, who had recently c<ime west with a few- 
dollars saved, he formed a iiartnership, under 
the tirm name of (). & D. Bailey, .and the liailey 
peddler w.agoiis became well known all oxer the 



country between the Wabash and Sangamon 
rivers. The brothers also operated a pork pack- 
ing estabhshnient at Chnton. Indiana, on the 
Wabash, shipping their product by tlat-boat to 
New Orleans. 

About 1855 Mr. Bailey moved to Monti- 
cello, thence, after a short sojourn, to Urbana, 
and in March, 1856, he removed to Champaign, 
where for a number of years he successfully 
conducted a dry goods business in the location 
where now stands the Metropolitan block, oc- 
cupied by F. K. Robeson & Brother. 

Aside from this Mr. Bailey was one of the 
original shareholders and directors of the First 
National Bank, and it was largely through his 
efforts that the charter was secured. The 
names appearing with his in the original arti- 
cles of incorporation were James S. Wright, 
John F. Thomas, William M. Way, Hamil- 
ton Jefferson, B. F. Harris, John S. Beasley, 
Daniel Gardner, William C. Barrett, Simon H. 
Busey, S. P. Percival, John G. Clark and A. E. 
Harmon. Mr. Bailey disposed of his holdings 
in this institution sume time during the "70s. 
In 1882 he became one of the charter members 
of the Champaign National Bank, in which his 
holdings were always considerable and in which 
he had been a director continuously since its 
organization. During Mr. Bailey's residence 
in this city he was several times elected to the 
board of supervisors, and also served one term 
as school trustee. He was a public-spirited 
citizen, contribiUing liberally, yet wisely, to 
every worthy enterprise, whether secular or re- 
ligious. His givings were never ostentatious, 
but it may be said in passing that among his 
gifts are numbered the lot occupied by the Bap- 
tist parsonage, he being a member of that so- 

ciety, and the valuable ground now occupied 
by the city building. 

Mr. Bailey gave up his residence in Cham- 
paign about 1877, traveling for a season, and 
finally locating in St. Joseph, Missouri, where 
he remained until after the death of his wife, 
in 1879. He then lived for a time in New 
York City, and finally returned to his boyhood 
home in New Hampshire where he resided most 
of the time until his death, visiting his old home 
and friends in Champaign frequently. March 
22, 1882, he married Miss Harriet Hascltine, of 
Methune, Massachusetts, and only two weeks 
afterward followed her remains to the ceme- 
tery. He was again married, on No\cnii)cr 
I, 1886, at Salem, New Hampshnc, to Mrs. 
Mary B. Ewins, who survives him. .She has 
often visited here with him and has made many 
warm friends, whose sincere sympathy attends 
her in this bereavement. 

Mr. Bailey's new home in Champaign, built 
on the site of the old family residence, had just 
been completed and occupied by him, and it 
was his intention had he lived to spend the clos- 
ing days of his life amid the scenes of his great- 
est successful activity. Mr. Bailey was a man 
of magnificent physical presence and it may 
be truly said that he carried within his breast a 
soul worthy so splendid a habitation. He 
sought no man's praise, satisfied to ha\'e the 
approval of his own conscience, and he was un- 
movable in his adherence to justice and right. 
Once his duty was made plain nothing could 
swerve him from it. Yet under a stern exterior 
beat a great, big, kind heart, as those who knew 
him can best testify. He was a manly man, 
and that means much. His character, devcl 
oped in the pioneer days, may not have take i 



oil tlie L^tlictic tinish of these lalcr times, 1)ut lather, S:mniel, was a native uf l^ancaster, it lacked in pi ihsli it made up in strength 1 eiinsylvania, and was ni Dutch ancestry. 
and integrity. The life and lahors of such as .\dani JMdler (great-grandfather), wlm came 

he liave made possihle the greater comfort and 
beauty in the world of the present. 

During tlie war of the Rebellion David 
r.ailey. Jr., enlisted as a member of the Sixty- 
seventh Illinois Infantry, and at the close of his 
tlu-ee months' term of enlistment returned iiome 
and in 1864 enlisted in the One Hundred and 
Tiiirty-lifth lllini)is Infanlrv. scr\ing until the 
close of the war. 


!•. FIDLER. 

Albert I'". l''idler is one of the self-made 
and highly successful young farmers and busi- 
r.ess men of tlie county, and is a son of Levi 

nriginally from Germany, was the founder of 
this branch of the Fidler family in .\merica. 

l-'idler, who was born April 28, 1819, in Berks 
county, Pennsylvania, Albert F-'s grand- 

(3ur sul)ject"s grandfather, Samuel b^idler, 
fought in the war of 181 J, and his great-grand- 
father. .\dam, in the war of the Revolution. 
Samuel Mcller was a brick plasterer aud ccm- 
ti'actur by trade, and was married tu a dauidi 
ler i)f Valentine .Sbdwahcr. wlm was buru in 
J 'ennsvb aiiia ami was descended I rum der- 
iiiau ancestry. 

Lc\i l''idler was reared t^ ni;inlii>< nl in 
Lebanon cuunty, I'emisylvauia, until be be- 
came of age, when, in 1840, he emigrated west 
and settled in Union county, Indiana, and in 
1 86 1 located in what is now Newman town- 
ship, Douglas county. He leartied the car- 
])cntering business, at which he was engaged 
up to 1861. when he bought what is now 
known as the Thomas H, Smith farm, one of 



tlie finest in the county. He kept tliis farm 
until 1SS5, when he sdid it. In 1842 Levi 
Fidler wedded Mary Ann Hessler, a native of 
Bourljon township and a daugiiter of John and 
Mary (Thomas) Hessler, who were formerly 
of Kentucky. To Mr. and Mrs. Fidler were 
horn the following children: John, Matilda, 
William J., Joseph S., Dan G., George VV., 
Smith T., LaFayette, Sarah C, Levy Eddy 
and Albert F., the subject of this sketch. John 
S., William J. and Daniel G. served in the Civil 

Albert F. Fidler has made it a rule in his 
life to do what he does well. Commencing 
life with comparatively nothing, but with a 
willing mind and heart, he has attained a de- 
gree of success in life far above the average. 
He is yet a comparatively young man, and bis 
farm of two hundred and forty acres is one 
of the most productive and successfully man- 
aged in Douglas county. In 1883 he was 
united in marriage to Miss Anna Lewis, of 
Newman, Illinois, to whom be is iiiucb de\-oted 
and who has been a true and devoted wife to 
him. They have the following children : 
Mona and Wayne. 


James H. Wright, one of the oldest grain 
buyers in the county, residing at Arthur, was 
born near the town of Poland, Trumbull (now 
Mahoning) county, Ohio, February 6, 1827, and 
is a son of James and Mary (Kidd) Wright, 
who were born near Poland, Trumbull (now 

Mahoning) county, Ohio, of Scotch-Irish 

Rev. James Wright (father) received his 
education for the Presbyterian ministry at the 
Canonsburg College, and spent most of his life 
in preaching the gospel, iirst at Poland, and 
later at Westfield, Pennsylvania. He died in 
1843 'It the age of fifty-nine years. His father 
was Alexander Wright, who was an early set- 
tler from the north of Ireland, to Washing- 
ton county. He married a Scotch girl Ijy the 
name of Esther Silcox. Robert Kidd ( grand- 
father) was also a native of Ireland, was an 
early settler in Trumbull county, Ohio, and in 
religious affairs he was known as a Seceder in 
that day, now known as a Lhiited Presljyterian. 

James H. Wi'igbt was reared in his native 
county, and in Pennsylvania, receiving the ad- 
vantages of an ordinary education. In 1857 he 
came west and located at Areola, which at that 
time contained but three houses, and was for 
several years engaged in farming in that vicin- 
ity. In 1873 he commenced buying grain at 
Ilindsboro, where he continued successfully in 
business until 1886, when he removed to Ar- 
thur, where he has since resided, engaged in 
buying grain for the firm of Bartlett, Kuhn 
& Co. 

In 1848 Mr. Wright was united in marriage 
to Miss Sarah E. Rogers, who was a daughter 
of Samuel and Sarah Wangh Rogers. She 
was Iiorn in New Bedford, Pennsylvania. They 
have seven children : William, who resides in 
Cairo; Sadie; Frank E., who lives in Arthur, 
engaged in the lumber business; Samuel R., 
a farmer in South Dakota; John M., engineer 
of his father's grain elevator; Nettie, wife of 
G. H. Damron, of Areola; and A. K. resides 



ill Siiringfield. llliiinis. Mr. W rij^ht has been 
an Odd Fellow since 1852, and has served as 
president of the town hoard of Arthur. James 
H. Wright has ])assed the allotted three-score 
and ten years of man, hut. nwing to his ah- 
stemious habits and good constitution, he still 
enjoys good health, and it is hoped that he will 
live for many years to continue the good which 
has been characteristic of his life. 


Charles W. Wilson, editor and ])roprietor 
of the Tuscola l\c\ic\\ . was born fourteen miles 
west of Plainlield. Indiana. I'^ebruary 15, 1856. 
and in 1865 located in Tuscola. He attended 
school more or less up until fourteen years of 
age. In 1872 he entered the office of the Tus- 
cola True Re]mblican as office boy. The pa])er 
was owned bv Charles Smith and was Demo- 
cratic in ])olitics. Later he entered the office 
of the Tuscola Cazette. which was edited In' 
Hon. Leander B. Lester, now of Washington. 
Mr. Wilson remained here about one year when 
he went to the Review, then owned and edited 
by Con\erse & Park, who founded the paper 
July 23.1875. In 1S76 he went on the printing 
force where he remained for some years. Con- 
verses Park were succeeded by the well-known 
writer. Col. Phecian. who was the editor for six 
months; the latter was known as one of the 
wittiest writers the newspaper fraternity af- 
forded. During this time he wrote a great deal 
for the Inter-Ocean, which kept him away a 
great deal, and this forceil Mr. Wilson to take 

charge of the ediloi'ial tripod. Howard was 
succeeded by Major Asa Miller, who managed 
the ]ia])er u]) to December, i8(;_', when he sold 
out to Charles W. Wilson, who reconstructetl 
the plant throughout buying new m:ichinerv. 
and to-day issues e\ery b"ri(lay one of the new- 
siest, wittiest and cleanest county news]«ipers 
])ul)lished east. west, north or south. Mr. \\i]- 
son has a paid circulation of three thousand 
and there is little doubt but what his paper is 
read by tweh-e thousand people every week. 
His career as a newspaper man has been re- 
markal)le: commencing as the "editor's devil." 
he has become recognized as an alile writer and 
all-round newspaper man. Within a year after 
be became proprietor the circulationof thepaper 
became double. As to the newspaper historv 
of Tuscola, college bred men have come and 
gone, wlio were writers on different pa])ers of 
the city, but Mr. Wilson, who has educated 
himself, remains, and it is a fact that might be 
mentioned, that his i)a])er. while Deinocratic, is 
])opular among the Republicans. 

Mr. Wilson was united in marriage to 
Miss Christina Cosier, a daughter of the late 
Isaac Cosier, who was for t\venty years presi- 
dent of the Douglas Countv Fair. 


Emmor W. Jeft'ers. the ])resent circuit clerk 
of Douglas couniy, who has occupied' that 
office since February 3, 1899. was born in 
Pike county, Illinois, November 19. 1861. 
He is a son of John C. and Elizabeth ( Mc- 
Kinney) Jeffers, both natives of Ohio, who re- 



moved to Douglas county and settled in Ca- 
margo township about 1864. His mother died 
in December, iS(;3, while his father resides in 
Blooniington, Illinois. (For further ancestry 
of the Jeffers family see sketch of George C. 
Jeffers, of Camargo). James McKinney, our 
subject's maternal grandfather, was a native 
of Ohio. 

In 1889 E. W. JefTers w'as married to Miss 
Carrie F. Hill, a daughter of Thomas W. and 
Rebecca ( Underwood ) Hill, and as a result of 
this union they ha\e two children ; Villa and 

Since 1890 Mr. Jeffers has been secretary 
and keeper of records and seal of the Knights 
of Pythias lodge of Tuscola, and is also promi- 

nent in se\'eral other fraternal orders. He was 
nominated without opposition at the RepvfU- 
lican primaries held March 24, 1900, for the 
same office he now occupies. 

The Tuscola Journal of March 11, 1899, 
says of Mr. Jeffers : "In selecting Emnior W. 

Jeffers as their candidate for the office of cir- 
cuit clerk the Republican representatives in con- 
\ention lia\e voiced the sentiment ef the peo- 
ple. Mr. Jeffers is of that class of young Re- 
publicans who are enthusiastic in their sup- 
port of their party, and while in the office with 
the late ]\Iajor Daniel A. Conover as deput)', 
he became thoroughly familiar with every 
detail of the work and is in every way par- 
ticularly qualified to fill the position with credit 
to himself and party besides giving the people 
entire satisfaction. 

"He is a native of this grand state, hav- 
ing been born in Pike county on the 19th day 
of November, 1861, and about 1864 he came 
to this county with his parents and was em- 
ployed on his father's farm until he reached 
his majority when he started out for him- 
self, working by the month for two years for 
Nicholas Cooley, after which he secured a 
business education, attending nights at the 
Terre Haute Business College. He graduated 
from that institution and went to Blofimington, 
Illinois, where he secured a good position in a 
grocery store where he was employed nearly 
two years, when he came to '1 uscola and ac- 
cepted a similar position with Joseph J. Knox, 
formerly of this city, who was succeeded by 
F. M. Wardall & Co. He remained with this 
firm until he opened up a grocery Inisiness in 
company with J. F. Kerker in the building on 
Sale street, now occupied by T. J. McKee. 
On account of failing health he was compelled 
to give up the store and enter the real estate 
business, which he followed with success until 
January i, 1897, w-hen he was appointed dep- 
uty circuit clerk by the late Major Daniel A. 
Conover, which position he filled with credit 
and honor. 



"Upon tlie death of Mr. Coiiover he was 
appoiiiied prolcinpore circuit clerk hy the 
judges of this district, and lie will certainlv l)e 
elected to succeed himself, and fill out the lui- 
expired lerui of the late lamented .Major Con- 

W. 1.. WATSOX. 

\V. L. Watson was horn in Xerniilion coun- 
ty, Illinois, on the 22d of December, 1837. His 
father was William D. Watson, in his early Hfe 
an itinerant Methodist preacher who traveled 
extensively through Indiana, having been Ijorn 
in the neighborhood of \'incennes, and in Foun- 
tain county, vi that state, married Mary Low. 
Mis health finally failed him, and coming to 
Illinois, he located above (korgetown in Ver- 
niilimi county. Williani Watson, the grand- 
father, \\as burn in Kentucky, and when a 
young Jiian settled in the \iciiiity of Vincennes, 

W. L. was the oldest son and second child 
f)f the i'auiily. His father came to Douglas 
county, then Ciles, in iS.V). and located first on 
Brushy hdrk. a short distance west of Newman. 
.\fler a residence here of a year or two he 
moved to Camargo, and afterwartl to section 
35, in iciwnsliip \<). range ij, where he resided 
till his death, which oci'urred in October, 1858. 
His wife survived him till .\pril, 1866. They 
had nine children. W. L. Watson was between 
four and five years old w hen his father located 
southeast of Camargo. At this latter place he 
mainly received his education, partly under the 
instruction of his father, who taught school at 
Camargo and was one of his first teachers. 

'I'bc old log school house stond .-iliDUt one hun- 
dred vards north of .\lonzo Lion's st(jre, on 
the road leading north from Camargo. In 
the winter of 1S49-50, ;niil also 1853-54, he 
attended the Georgetown Academy, in Vermil- 
ion countv, then lia\ing the best reputation of 
any school of learning in this part of the state. 
At the death of his father in 1858, Mr. Wat- 
son, as the oldest son, took charge of the farm 
and managed it in the interests of the faniil)' 
till 1862. 

The war of the Rebellion at this time had 
l)roken out, and in Feliruary, 1862, Mr. W'at- 
son \'olunteered. He preferred the caxalry 
ser\'ice and being unable to enlist in an Illinois 
ca\alry regiment, he went to St. Louis and en- 
listed in the Fifth Missouri Cavalry for three 
years. He was with the Fifth Missouri two years 
and a half, during which time he was mostly 
in the sonlhei'n part of Missouri. In .\ugust, 
1864, he re-enlisted in the Thirteenth Misseniri 
Cavalry, and served to January, 1866. He was 
a non-commissioned officer. At the close of 
the war his rcginieiiL was sent out on the 
])lains to fight the Indians. While in Missoui-i 
he was in the campaign against Price, and in 
the battles of Independence and Fort .Scott. 
.\fter receiving his discharge in January. 1866, 
he came home and commenced farming on the 
did boineslcad. 


John C. Hostetler. who is engaged in the 
agricultural implement business, including 
buggies and wagons, and recently elected 
alderman from the third ward in Tuscola, was 



horn in Douglas county, August 27, 1866, 
and is a son of D. C. and L. M. Hostetler, 
natives of Indiana. The father settled in 
Bowdre township some time in the 'fifties, 
and died in Tuscola, in 1895. in the sixty- 
fourth year of his age. His mother is still 
living. Mr. Hostetler was married in 1889 
to Miss Laura A., daughter of H. C. Jones, 
whose sketch is found on another page. 
They have one child, Leon. 

Mr. Hostetler operated a planing and re- 
pair shop previous to entering into his jtresent 
husiness, which he sold out in 1896. He was 
a meniher of the Masonic fraternity and the 
Order of Retl Men, and is one of the popular 
and promising yijung business men of Tus- 


John L. Goff served as sheriff of Douglas 
county from 1887 to 1891, and at the time of 
his death, in 1892, he hekl the office of super- 
visor. Me was married to Miss Josie R. Rice, 
a daughter oi Martin Rice, deceased, of Ca- 
margo (see sketch). Mrs. (joff owns a half 
section of land, part of which is in Camargo and 
a [tart in Tuscola townships. She resides in 

in Areola township, was born in Montgomery 
county, Kentucky, April 13, 1856, and is a son 
of Michael Craddick and Catherine (Welch) 
Craddick, who were natives of Ireland. His 
father emigrated froin Kentucky to Areola 
township 1869 and died in 1890. His mother 
dietl in 1896, and they are both burjed in the 
Areola cemetery. Mr. Craddick's farm con- 
tains one hundred and fourteen acres of land. 
He has never been married. Socially he is 
very popular and in business one of the sub- 
stantial men of the township. 


George Warren Henson, deceased, was born 
September 5, 1821, at Cynthiana, Kentucky. 
He was a son of Gideon and Nancy (Shumate) 





^^k ^^K^^'^ 


Henson. He was the eldest of a family of six. 

Thomas Craddick, a typical Kentuckian children and of Scotch-German descent. With 

and a self-made man, now residing on his farm his father's family he left the state of his na- 



ti\it\' in iS_:54;ui(l emij^ralod to NtTinil^nn coun- 
ty, Illinois, and there leiiiained until 1S44. when 
he came into the secti(Mi of country which is 
now I )(inolas conntv and ininiediatelv began 
the ini|)ro\cnicnl of a farm. 

lie married Miss i'liiza !'. Sarijent. a native 
of Illinois. To tills union were horn eleven 
children, six of \vhnm are li\in<;', two sons and 
four (laughters. 

The county of Douglas, hy the death of 
Mr. Henson. lost one of its most jjroniincnt 
citizens and honorable men. Politically he was 
a Democrat. He was a Mason, a pioneer of the 
county, and a man ])os.sessing a .si)irit of charity 
and enterprise. His death occurred May 9, 
1881, at his residence near Camargo, Illinois. 


Frank A\'. Hammett, cashier of the First 
National Bank of Tuscola, and one of the 
cf)unty"s young men of recognized .ihility, was 
horn on a farm in ("amargo township, Douglas 
county, Illinois, February i_>. 1S62. (See 
sketch of his father, James R. Hammett.) 
Mr. IL'unmett grew to manhood on his father's 
farm and was principally educated in the Uni- 
versity of Illinois. Vi r some years after leav- 
ing college he was engaged in the manufacture 
of tiling at Camargo and Long \'iew. In 
March, 1891. he accepted the position of book- 
keeper in the I'irst National i'.ink of Tuscola, 
and was promoted to cashier of the same bank 
in, 1898. 

.He is a Knight 'i"eni])lar in Masonry; is 

a nicnibcr of one of the oldest and most i)roni- 
iueut families in the county, ;md will undoubl 
edly make his mark in the business world. He 
owns one hundred and si.xty acres of land in 
.Xewnian towiishi]). 

\V. H. H.WCOCK. 

\\ . 11. Hancock, who is one of I'lc nvtst 
successlul liroom-coi-n brokers ;ind bus ness 
men ot Tuscola, was lioru in Chicago, March 
jij. 1864, and is a son of W. S. and Sarah 
(Bell) Hancock. His father was born in O.x- 
ford, Ohio, and his mother in Alifllintown, 
Pennsylvania. His father is now living a re- 
tired life in Chicago. W. H. Hancock was 
raised to manhood in Chicago and educated in 
the Cook county normal school. His first 
position of any importance was that of con- 
ductor on the Pullman car lines, and he con- 
tinued as such for seven years, running over 
thirty-six different railroads. Fir se\en years 
he was engaged in the broom-corn business 
with his f;ilher in Chicago. 

In Jaiiuarv. 1893. he was married to Miss 
'Tillie Brogan, a highly accomplished young 
ladv of Muscatine, Iowa. They have two 
children. John Henr_\- and May, 

In 1899 he as.sociated himself in partner- 
ship with W. Avery Howard ( a notice of 
whom is found elsewhere) in the broom-corn 
broker.'ige business with their office in Tus- 
cola. The firm is one of the most active and 
responsible engaged in the business. During 
the last year thev handled about fifteen hun- 



(Ired tons of broom corn. He and liis wife 
«land liigh in tlie social circles of Tuscola, 
where they expect to make their future home. 


William A. Wiseman, a well known physi- 
cian of Camargo, where he has been in success- 
ful ]jractice for several years, was born at 
\Vaterloo, Lawrence county, OIko, January i, 
1853, 'I'lf' 's a son of .\bner and Martha J. 
( Irwin ) Wi.seman. His father was a native of 
Virginia and his mother of Ohio. Isaac Wise- 
man's grandfather was also born in Virginia 
and his maternal grandfather, George Irwin, 
was born in Virginia. 

Dr. Wiseman was reared in his native coun 
ty, where he attended the public schools and 
subse(]uently, in 1878, became a student at De- 
Pauw University, where he pursuetl a regular 
college course for three years and a half, in 
1882 he commenced the study of medicine in 
the office of Dr. C. Patterson and in 1883 went 
to Jefferson Medical College. Philadelphia, and 
was graduated therefrom in the class of 1886. 
While at Philadelphia he took special courses in 
skin diseases and also in gynecology and gained 
practical experience at the Piiiladelphia Lying- 
in Ho.spital. In the spring of 1886 he located 
at Camargo in the practice of his profession 
and here he has built up a successful ])ractice. 

In political opinion the Doctor is a con- 
sistent Prohibitionist, and is also a member of 
the Modern Woodmen and Court of Honor. 
In 1875 he was married to Miss Emma C. Car- 
rel, of Dennison, Ohio. They have three chil- 
dren : Eva C, Omer 1). and Meda A. 


Ira M. MulHken, junior memlier of the well- 
known firm i:>f Barr & Mulliken and one of the 
rising young business men of Newman, was 
born in Champaign county, Illinois, Decem- 
l;er 17, 1865. His father, James W. Mulli- 
ken, was a native of Johnson county, Intliana, 

and removed to Champaign county in about 
1852. His mother, Catherine, was a daughter 
of Rev. Samuel F. Miller, who was born in 
1815. and at present resides in .\rcoIa. (See 
sketch of W. H. Bush, of Hind.sboro. ) In 
about 1868 the fatlier of 1. M. Mulliken re- 
moved to a farm near Hindsboro, where the 
latter remained until he arri\-ed at the age of 
twent_\--one _\'ears, when he went to Arc<ila to 
reside, and there worked at the carpenter's 
trade. He attended Lee's academy at Loxa, 
Illinois, for six months, then subsequently at- 
tended the embalnu'ng college at Iridianapolis. 
From 1893 to June 1, i8(/), he was a member 



of the iimlertakiiii; fiiiii of Mike. Miller & 
Co.. at Ciiarleston, Illinois. In the latter year 
lie removed to Newman to accept a partnership 
with James Barr (see sketch). 

On September 4, 1893. he was married tn Ida A., a danghter of Jnhn W. Allison, 
of Areola. They ha\e one cliild. a dan.t;iiler, 
Frances Marie. He is a member and noble 
grand of the 1. O. O. F. : elder in the Christian 

chnrch. ;uiil su])erintendcnt of its Snnday 
school, lie is also chief )(atriarch of the I. (). 
O. F. encampment ; member of the Masonic 
fraternity, and clerk of the school lioard of 
Newman. The brm df liarr & Mullikin own 
two large stores in Newman, Mr. Barr snpcr- 
inlending the fnrnitmx and nndertaking cslal)- 
lishment on the west side of the sqnare, and 
Mr. Mnllikcn manages the hardware and tin 
shci]) and cloes the undertaking work on the 
nurth side. They carry a large stock and dn 
()uite an extensive business, drawing trade for 
miles armnid them. 


.Mbert W. Wallace is president nf the b'irsv 
Xatiiinal Bank of Tuscola, one of the leading 
banking institutions of central Illinois. The 
I'irst National I'.ank was organized in .Xovem- 
ber, icSfjQ, with a paid up capital of (juc hun- 
dred and thirteen thousand dollars. Its lirsl 
])resident was William P. Cannon (a brother 
of Congressman J. G. Cannon) and \\ . 11. 
Lamb was the first cashier. Mr. Cannon re- 
mained president until 1872, when he was suc- 
ceeded b}- 1 lenry T. Caraway, who remained 
president up to Jrmuary I, 189S, when be was 
succeeded by .Mr. Wallace. Mr. Lamb re- 
mained cashier tip to July i, 1898. when he was 
succeeded by the present cashier, F. H. 11am- 
niett. The bank was reorganized in tj\c fall of 
iX(/) and the capilrd stock reduced to si.xty 
thousand dollars. The directors of this bank 
are among the wealthiest men of the county. 

.\. W. W^allacc, who has been connected 
with the b'irst National Bank for years, is a son 
of Andrew (i. Wallace, whose death occurred 
iri July, 1878. The ancestry of the Wallace 
family is traced back to Scotland. Andrew 
G.'s grandfather emigrated from Scotland to 
Ireland, and from there to America, .settling 
in Pennsyl\;uiia near where the three states 
of Virginia, iVlaryland and Pennsylvania came 
together. He had five sons, three of whom 
moved away from their Pennsyh'ania home. 
One of was William Wallace, the young- 
est child, who came to Hardin county, Ken- 
tucky, and from there removed to Davis coun- 
ty, Indiana, where .\ndrew (J. Wallace was 
born March _^ 1 . 1824. lie was the second cliild 
by his father's second wife, whose maivlen name 
was Vasliti Winkler. When two years old his 



father moved from Davis county to Vermillion 
county, Indiana, and there settletl down as a 
farmer. After a residence of aljout ten years, 
the family, in 1833 or 1834, came to Coles 
county, and located on Gresey creek, just 
south of the line which now divides Douglas 
from Coles county. The country was thinly 
settled both in Vermilion and Coles counties, 
where Mr. Wallace's boyhood was spent, and 
but scanty advantages were afforded for oli- 
taining anything like a good education. He 
was compelled to rely mainly on his own re- 
.sources, hut his quick perceptive faculties and 
industry enabled him to pick up a large amoimt 
(if information, thus fitting himself for the 
duties of his after life. In 184 1 the family 
moved north, in what is now Douglas county, 
and kept the widely known "Wallace stand," 
west of Hickory Grove, which received its name 
from the family. In 1842 his father died. Mr. 
Wallace was then in his eighteenth year, and 
the charge of the family fell upnn him, his 
older brother having previously left home. He 
remained on the homestead and continued to 
farm until 1854. On November 22, 1845, he 
married Harriet E. Busby, a native of Ohio, 
whose family had come to Illinois in 1836. At 
this time his younger brothers and sisters were 
grown up and were able to take care of them- 
selves. His mother died in 1848. In 1854 Mr. 
Wallace removed to Camargo and began busi- 
ness there as a cattle dealer. After a residence 
of four years there he removed to Tuscola, then 
just springing into existence, the fourth house 
indeed having been l)uilt by Mr. Wallace him- 
self. Here he kept a hotel for about two years. 
From the inception of the plan of forming a 
new cf)unty out of the north of Coles, Mr. 
Wallace was deeply interested in it, and he may 

be said to have been the prime mover in the 
project. The petition presented to the Legis- 
lature during the session of 1858-9, in gain- 
ing which the bill was passed organizing the 
county, was drawn up by Mr. Wallace. He 
subsequently used all his influence to secure a 
favorable vote, on the question being submit- 
ted to the people of Coles county. In the spring 
of 1858 he was elected justice of the peace of 
Tuscola, the first ever elected in the town. In 
the year of 1859 he was elected first circuit 
clerk of the county. To this position he was 
re-elected in i860, again in 1864 and again in 
1868, thus serving four consecutive terms, per- 
forming the duties of the office to his own 
credit and the satisfaction of the people. In 
June, 1859, 'i^ \^''is appointed master in chan- 
cery, a position which he still holds. For the 
last twelve years Mr. Wallace has been exten- 
sively engaged in the money loaning and real 
estate business. He possesses a complete set of 
abstracts and has every facility for the trans- 
action of business in that line. Mr. Wallace 
was one of the pioneers of Tuscola and one of 
the founders of the town. With one e.xception 
he is the oldest resident. He was the first per- 
son in the town who could sing a religious song, 
the other inhabitants in some way being de- 
ficient in their musical acquirements. Mr. Wal- 
lace and his wife, with Mr. Thomas Woody 
and his wife, organized the Methodist church 
of Tuscola, of which he was a faithful and 
consistent member and for a long period class 
leader. To his exertions was largely due 
the building of the present church edifice. For 
twenty-five years in all Mr. Wallace served the 
]>eople in various capacities — sufficient evidence 
of his popularity and the confidence reposed in as an honest and faithful officer. He 



1-ail ten cliildroii, all of whom arc livin,^. In 
liis younger days lie was a Whig. On the dis- 
solution of lliat party he hecame a Republican, 
ami was as steadfast in his adherence to 
the principles of that party as he was en- 
thusiastic in its support. During the war he 
was active and liberal in the support of the 
Union, sacrificing both time and money. 
l'"ew men were more closely associated with the 
progress of the couiUy. and few were better 


Henry Clay Jones, the afifable and genial 
treastu'er of Douglas county, was born in 
brankliu count\-, liidi;iua, December 2, 1842. 
a S(jn of Cabin ;uid i laiinali (Case) Jones. He 
was reared to manhoo(l in his native countw 
and in iiSrio removed to Douglas county. In 
i<S6j he joined Com])any K. Seventy-ninth Illi- 
nois Infantry, and served as a ])ri\ate soldier 
in the Civil war until June 12, 1865, when he 
was honorably discharged at Nashville, Tennes- 
see. He was wounded in the leg in the battle 
of Liberty Ca]). which prevented him from 
keeping u]) with his regiment until the battle 
(jf Missionary Ridge, in which he participated. 
During the time between the battles of Liberty 
da]) and .Missionary Ridge he caught cold in 
the wciUiul ;md was confined in the hos])ital 
for three uKjnths. .\fter his release he rejoined 
his regiment and was with it in every fight un- 
til the close, .\fter the war Mr. Jones returned 
to Douglas county and engaged in farming, 
at which he continued for six years, when he 
reuK^ved to .Arthur and bought grain. He then 

returned to liis f.nni where he remained until 
|8(;4. when he became the de])iUy under his 
half-brother, James Jones (see sketch), who 
was then serving as comity treasurer. 1 le con- 
tinued in this ])osition during the regular term 
of four years. In the fall of i8(j8 he was 
elected to this office, when his half-brother, 
James, became deputy treasurer. 

On February 25, 1866. Mr. Jones married 
.Miss Ilarriet E. York, who was a native of 
Ohio, and a daughter of .\bner \'ork. To their 
marriage were born three daughters : Eliza- 
beth, wife of R. C. Hostetter, of near Marshall- 
town, Iowa: Laura, who is the \vife of John 
Hostetter, a brother of R. C. and resides in 
Tuscol.i, ;md Xettie. .Mrs. Jones' death oc- 
curred in i8()7. .Mr. Jones is a member of the 
(ir;uid .\nr,y of the Re])ul)lic, also a member of 
the Metlio(hsl l4)isco])al cliurch. He owns a 
beautiful farm of two hundred and fifteen acres 
just south of Tuscola. .\s an official and an 
every day citizen Mr. Jones' record in Douglas 
county is unini])eachable. His word is ecjual 
to his bond, which can be said of few, in this 
rumbling, blundering age of the almightv 


James A. \\'illiams, who has won his own 
wav in the world and reached a degree of .suc- 
cess beyond the average of men at his age, was 
born in Monongahela City, Washington coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, .August i. 1862. He is a son 
of fohn .S. and I'.lizabeth ( \'an X'orhis), na- 
tives of the same county. James Williams wed 
(led .\'ancv \'an Allen and tliev were among 



the early settlers nf W'ashin^s^ton cnunty, the 
latter haviiitj heen horn in Allegheny county, 
1 'ennsylvania. His grandfather, Ahrani Van 
Vorhis, was one of the early farmers of that 
section and also traded in stock considerably. 
He was of Holland extraction. 

James A. Williams grew to manhood on a 
farm and never attended school after he reachetl 
the age of thirteen years; at that age his mother 
died and he was thrown upon his own re- 
sources. In about 1885 he decided to try his 
fortunes in the west, and after arriving in Illi- 
nois .settled in Tuscola township, where he be- 
came a farm hand ; at this he continued until 
he was twenty-two years of age. By industry 
and goocl management he now owns two hun- 
dred and forty acres of well improved land in 
Douglas county, for which he has been offered 
eighty-five dollars an acre. Subsequently he 
bought the store at West Ridge, which he sold 
to W. H. Fry in December, i8gg. He pre- 
viously owned one at Allerton, which he bought 
in 1894 and sold in the following year. 

In September, 1886, he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Amy McGrath, and they have 
three children : Ida, Charles and Earle. Mr. 
Williams resides on one of his farms, a short 
distance south of West Ridge, where he gives 
his personal supervision to its management. 
He is a member of the Modern Woodmen of 
Camargo, and a Republican in politics. 


Shiloah Gill, an old Mexican soldier, and 
one of the ]iioneer settlers in Bowdre township, 
was born at Gill's Mills, Bath county, Ken- 


tucky, September 11, 1827, and is a son of 
Samuel C. Gill, who was a son of Capt. Thomas 
Gill, a Re\-olutionary soldier and a son of the 
Irish waif (see history of the Gill family in 
America, by Thomas F. Gill). Samuel C. Gill 
was born in the state of South Carolina No- 
vember 22, 1783, and was reared on a farm. 
He was wedded to Sarah Malone, a daughter 
of Jonathan and Mary Malone, the latter of 
whom lived to be nearly one huntlred years 
old. The family came from Tennessee and set- 
tled in Montgomery county, Kentucky, later 
removing to Boone county, Infliana, where she 
died. Samuel Gill and wife were very poor, 
their stock of goods consisting of one bay pony, 
one dollar in money and a feather bed. They 
packed all on the back of the pony and settled 
in P.ath county, Kentucky. He built a mill, one 
of the first built in that section. He after- 
ward entered large bodies of land in Putnam 
Montgomery, Boone and Henry counties, In- 
diana, and also entered several tracts in what 
is now Douglas county. It looks as if this old 
gentleman foresaw everything and selected the 
crciiic dc la crcinc of the land. He became very 
prosperous. For twenty-five years he served as 
justice of the peace, and by virtue of that office 
he was also one of the justices of the Bath 
county court. His wife died in 1847 '1"^ 
in 1849 lie married Elizabeth Reed. In about 
1845 Samuel C. Gill sold the old mill, but stip- 
ulated in the deed that the place should ever be 
known as Gill's Mill. 

Shiloah Gill grew to manhood on the farm 
and while attending school volunteered for the 
Mexican war and was soon ordered to the 
front. He was in the ranks of Capt. James 
Ewing and served through the whole war, 
h.andling a musket in many of the principal 



battles (if that cnntlict. lie was in the ranks 
when (ien. Scott marched triuiiii)]iantly into 
the city of Mexico, and after tlie treaty of peace 
of H^idalg^o, (luadalcnipe, he retiinied hduie witli 
his reg'inienl l>y way i>f the (iidf nf Mexico to 
New Orleans. 

On October J. 1H49, Mr. (iill married Sarah 
.\nn. a daus'htcr of William .\iiderson, of Ilath 
ciiuntw Kentucky, where they remained until 
1854. when they emigrated to Douglas county 
and settled on three hunilretl and twenty acres, 
where he now lives, and which was deeded to 
him h\' his father: he has since added two hun- 
dred and sixty acres nv ire. His wife died about 
icS/j. His second wife was Eliza Kensil. Her 
death occurred in 1874, and he was again mar- 
ried. September i, 1875, this time to Mrs. 
Sarah (Dodge) Coots, who was born within 
si.x miles of Hamilton, Butler county, Ohio. 
The hospitality of Mr. Gill and his wife is well 
known and highly a])])reciated. 


It is Titling that in the bidgraphies of the 
early settlers of the cnunty some mention should 
be made nf llarriscm Gill, wIki entered among 
the first land here and lived near Camargo. 

The grandfather of Mr. (jill was born in 
Ireland. He came to .America and settled in 
Virginia. His son, !>anuiel Cresswell Gill, re- 
moved frnm Virginia to Kentuck\- and settled 
in Bath cmmt}'. Ilere, on the Licking river, he 
Iniilt Gill's mills, a noted point in that part of 
that state, lie married Sarah Malone, l)v 

wlmm he had a large family of children, of 
whom Garrison Gill w:is the oldest. b(jrn in 
June, 1 80S. 

( )u arri\ing at the age of twenty-one he 
foiuid himself in jiossesion of a few hundred 
dollars, which his father advisetl him to invest 
in w'estern lands. He accordingly traveled on 
horseback to Illinois, first to his uncle, 'iliomas 
Gill, in ( 'umberl.'ind county. lie found his 
uncle busy shingling the rocjf of a, and 
lie told young (iill if he would help him finish 
the shingling he would go with him to Coles 
County in search of land. The first jjoint above 
Charleston where thev found any one living 
w^as Major .\shmore, at the mouth of Rrnshy 
I'ork. North of that he came to an Indian 
cam]i, a French and Indirm trading ])oint, 
wliere Hugo, or Bridgeport, now is. I lis uncle 
mischievously informed the Indians that Gill 
was a young Kentuckian w ho had come for the 
puriKjse of taking to himself an Indian wife. 
He selected his land, the northwest fpiarter of 
section 35 and the west half of the southwest 
quarter of the same section. The railroad res- 
ervoir, east of Camargo, is now on these tracts. 
He returned immediately to Palestine and made 
his entry. The ])atents for the land, now in 
the possession of George C. Gill, of Camargo, 
were signed on the 8th of March, 1830, and 
bear the signature of .Andrew Jackson. This 
was the first land regularly entered in the ter- 
ritory composing what is now' Douglas county. 
Most of the land is still in his possession. He 
returned to Kentucky soon after selecting the 

.\t the age of twenty-eight he married 
(jeorgia .\un Landsdownc, a nati\e of \'ir- 

Mr. Gill was elected sheriff of Bath conn- 



ty, Kentucky, in i860, and from 1862 to 1864 
was judge of the county court. 

In early life Mr. Gill was a Whig. On the 
hreaking out of the war he hecame a Union 
man. Mainly through his instrumentality the 
Twenty-fourth Kentucky Regiment was re- 
cruited at the Springs in 1862. In the fall of 
the same year the Springs was also the head- 
quarters of Gen. Nelson, who ordered all the 
home guards of Kentucky to rendezvous at 
that point for the defence of the eastern portion 
of the state. 

From the fall of 1863 to -the fall of 1869 
Mr. Gill resided near Kentucky, having been 
driven from his home on account of his Union 


P. H. Monahan, the father of the broom 
corn interests of Areola and a highly esteemed 
citizen of that place, was born in county Gal- 
way, Ireland, February 19, 1837. His parents 
were John and Mary ( Shiel ) Monahan, natives 
of the same county. At the age of thirteen 
years young Monahan emigrated from his na- 
tive land to America and settled in Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts. Later he came west and lo- 
cated in Areola, which at that time was a mere 
hamlet. Here Mr. Monahan was married to 
Hannah Quirk, who was a native of Douglas 
county and a sister of the late John Ouirk, of 
^•Vrcola. To Mr. and Mrs. Monahan have been 
born four children : Marie, now residing in 
New Mexico; Thomas, the present mayor of 
Areola, and Henry and Katie. 

P. H. Mc.inahan has served in llic town 

council and was chairman of the lioard. His 
mother died in 1862, and his father died when 
Mr. Monahan was only three months old. He 
is one of the old landmarks of Areola, having 
resided here nearly half a century, and is uni- 
versally respected by everybody. 


Walter C. Blaine was graduated from the 
University of Pennsylvainia, at Philadelphia, 
in the class of 1895. He commenced the prac- 
tice at Murdock, where he remained until Oc- 
tober, 1898, when he formed a partnership 
with Dr. William E. Rice, of Tuscola. 

Dr. Blaine is a native of Champaign, Illi- 
nois, and was liorn Jiuie 2, i866. He gradu- 
ated from the Champaign high school, and after 
four years attendance was graduated from the 
University of Illinois, at Chami)aign, on cer- 
tificate. Fie is a meml)er of the Knights of 
J'ythias, member of the Wootlmen, and a mem- 
ber of the Douglas County Medical Society. 


Samuel Ervin, retired hardware merchant, 
large land owner, and a resident of Tuscola, 
was born in Hillsboro, Highland county, Ohio, 
in 1844. lie was reared and educated in his 
native county and in 1865 came west and lo- 
cated in Tuscola. He and a younger brother 
were associated in business together ui) to 



1893. when lie retired. He owns live liumlrcd 
and sixty acres of land that extends up to tlie 
corjiorate limits of Tuscola. 

In 1S71 Mr. i'".r\in was united in niarr'.'u^e 
to -Miss I'^lizahetli Head), who was born nu 
Staten Island. She died in 1894. To their 
marriage were horn twn children: Pearl, who 
is the wife of C. S. W'ardall. The other daug'h- 
ter is in college. 

.*^;nnncl l'",r\in is a son of W'illiaiu B. Ervin. 
now deceased. The ancestry of the Ervins is 
traced i)ack to the great-grandfather of Samuel. 
Thomas Ervin. a native of Ireland and member 
of the l'rcsb\terian church, who was liy occu- 
])ation a bleacher of linen. He was a man ol 
means, emigrated to this country in 1771, and 
])urchased a farm in Chester county, Pennsyl- 
\ruiia, residing there until his death. His wife 
was a daughter of the Scottish house of Mon- 
teith. which aided the mission of William Wal- 
lace so nobl_v and esjxnised the cause of Bruce. 
Jurad. the father of William B. Ervin, was 
Imni in^ and was thirteen years old when 
his ])arents came to America. He was a wit- 
ness to many of the exciting incidents of the 
Revolutionary war. His education was limited 
and early in life he learned the hatter's trade 
and went to Rockingham county, \'irginia. 
Here he followed his trade until i<Si3, when he 
removed to Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania, 
remaining there two years. He then emigrated 
to Highland connlv, ( )hio. .and was there en- 
gaged in farming until his death, wdiich oc- 
curred at the ripe old age of one hundred and 
six years. His wife, Sallie Herron, of Harri- 
sonburg, Virginia, was born July 4. 177''), Dec- 
laration of Independence day. Of this union 
there was a family of nine children, William 
15. being the second. He was born December 

I. 1X06, in Rockingham, Virgini;i, at nine years 
of age removed to Highland county, Ohio, and 
in iXf)5 came to Tuscola, where his death oc- 

.Samuel Ervin during his thirly-li\-e years 
residence in Douglas county has witnessed the 
wonderful transformation that has taken place, 
making this county one of the best in the com- 
monwealth, and he has contributed his sh.are to 
its im])ro\x'nient and de\elopmenl. His land- 
able business career has gained him the con- 
fidence f)t all with whom he has come in con- 
tact, either in a business or social way, ;nid his 
triends throughout the county are m.any. 


James T^cc Reat, M. D.. one of the most dis- 
tinguished i)liysicians and surgeons of Illinois, 
and who has been long and honorably con- 
nected with the ])rofessional .and inilu>tri;d in- 
terests of Douglas county, was born in l'"airfield 
county, Ohio, January 26, 1824. Hie Reat an- 
cestors are tracetl back to Scotland, where the 
name was iironounced in two syllables, with the 
accent on the last. Two brothers emigrated 
to (his country during the war of the Re\-olii- 
tion, one of whom espoused the cause of the 
rebels, the term by which the patriot colonies 
were then known, and .served through that 
struggle with Washington's forces. The other 
brother sided with the Tories, in consequence 
of which the two brothers became alienated 
and a total separation occurred between the two 
branches of the family. Dr. Reat is descended 



from tlie one who cast his fortunes with those 
of the patriots and who, after the war, settled 
in Frederick Town, Maryland. At this place 
James Reat (father) was born and subse((uent- 
ly found his way to Ohio, where he married Su- 
sanna Rogers, a Virginia lady, and with her set- 
tled in Fairfield county, Ohio. When our sub- 
ject was five years old, his parents removed 
to Coles county, Illinois, wdiere the father 
purchased a farm on which they resided 
for a time, then removed to Charleston and 
lived there up to the time of his death, in 
1 868. 

Dr. Reat's early education was deri\-ed from 
the meager ad\-antag'es offered in the neighlHir- 
hood schiiuls of that day and later attendance 
at the seminary at Charleston. That institu- 
tion was conducted under eminent professors 
and here Dr. Reat received a good collegiate 
education and later took up the study of the 
languages, becoming familiar with Latin and 
German, and at the same time teaching school 
a number of terms. His natural taste and tal- 
ent were those of his chosen profession and he 
soon thereafter took a regular course of stud- 
ies at the Medical College at Cincinnati, where 
he was graduated in the class of 1858; he later 
attended the Rush Medical College at Chicago 
and there graduated. After leaving college, he 
was engaged for a time in the drug Ijusiness at 
Charleston, but soon sold his interests and in 
1859 took up his residence at Tuscola. In the 
fall of 1862 he received an ajipointment as 
assistant surgeon in the war (.)f the Rebellion 
and was assigned to a post at Louisville, where 
he remained for some time in charge of a hos- 
pital. On March i, of the same year, he was 
commissioned first assistant surgeon of the 

Twenty-first Regiment Infantry (Grant's old 
regiment). On July 22, 1864, he was pro- 
moted surgeon of the regiment. He returned 
to Springfield at the close of the war and was 
mustered out in January, 1866. He then re- 
turned to Tuscola and resumed his regular prac- 

In 1861 he was marrieil to Miss Sallie C. 
Callaway, of Jacksonville, a lady of fine liter- 
ary attainments and of Christian virtues. She 
was born in Kentucky and was a graduate of 
Berean College. Her father was the late well- 
known Rev. S. T. Callaway, a Baptist cler- 
gyman. They have had three children, all 
of wdiom are living: A daughter Lois, who is 
the wife of Hon. Theod(jre Brantley, at pres- 
ent chief justice of the supreme court of Mon- 
tana; Samuel C, who with his cousin, Harry 
R. Caraway, were pr(_iprietors and editors of 
the Tuscola Journal. He is now in Washing- 
ton, representing" a number of metropolitan 
newspapers. He is a graduate of Union Law 
School, at Chicago, and is taking a post-grad- 
uate course in literature. Fred, who graduated 
from the Illinois State University, and is now 
proprietor of the Tuscola Republican. 

Dr. Reat is a member of the Military Loyal 
Legion of the United States and the Illinois 
Army and Navy Medical Association. He and 
wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church of Tuscola. Both have taken an active 
part in the temperance cause. He has always 
manifested public spirit and through his entire 
life has Ijeen a man of al)stemi(-ius habits and 
consistent morals. For three years he was clerk 
of the board of education of Tuscola and while 
occupying that office took deep interest in the 
erection of a public school building, which is 



surpassed li\ lew in litis section nl the state. 
Dr. Rcat is wiilely esteemed fur his many s4("id 
<|uahlies of mind and lieart. 


Jolm J. Jones was many years previons to 
his deatli most ])rominently identified with the 
affairs of Douglas county. He was born in 
\'irginia in about the year 1835 and died in 
Chicago in July, 1893. In early life he came 
to Illinois as a penniless ori)han and located at 
Georgetown, in \'erniilion county, where he re- 
sided with two of his cousins and with wlioni 
he remained until he was about grown, w^hen 
he came and U)cate(l in Camargo. Here he be- 
came a clerk for Alonzo Lyons, remaining 
with him for some time, when he, in partner- 
ship with Coleman Bright, who was manager 
for Mr. Lyijns. started a little grocery store at 
Camargo. This was along in the '50s. The 
firm continued \ery successfully in business up 
until the fall of 1864. Then they .sold out, came 
to Tuscola, antl engaged in general merchan- 
dising, taking in a Mr. \Vibly as a partner, 
under the firm name of Bright, Jones & Wibly. 
In about 1868 Mr. Wibly sold his interest to 
Bright and Jones, who continued together in 
business until .Mr. Jones sold his interest to Mr. 
Bright: this was .along about 1884 or 1885. 
-Mr. Jones then ga\e his entire lime to the man- 
agement of his large farm near Tuscola. He 
was twice elected mayor of Tuscola. In the fall 
of 1890 he became the president of the banking 
house of Baughman. Orr & Co. and remained 
as sucli up to the time of his death. 

Mr. Jones was united in marriage to Miss 
Li/.zie Ketciinm. a daughter of Dr. Kelclium, 
of Terre llanle. IniHan.i; she survi\es him. 
John J. Jones was of (|uiet and unassuming 
manner, a self-made man and his uninterrupted 
success and his character as a man were well 
wdrlhv of the admiration of the entire people. 
He had the mind to conceive and the hand to 
direct his business affairs in such a way that 
bn)Ught him success in all of his undertakings, 
h'or many years he was a consistent member 
ol the First Presbyterian clnu'ch anil a mem- 
ber of the Melita Connnandery of Knights 
Templar of Tuscola. 


A. C. Sluss. the proprietor of the Tuscola 
Journal, a weekly paper published at Tuscola, 
and the ])resent jiostmaster of Tuscola, has 
been for many years prominently identified witli 
tlie business, s(.)cial and political interests of 
liis city and county, having ser\-ed the city of 
Tuscola twice as alderman, three terms as city 
clerk and one term as mayor. He was b(jrn in 
Edgar county, Illinois, A])ril 7, 1850, and is a 
son of Thomas S. and Martha (Ilineman) 
Sluss. His father, who was born in Kentucky, 
renioxcd to Tuscola in \^(>\. and there carried 
on his trade, tliat I'lf a harness maker. U]) to the 
lime of his death, in 1893. at the age of eighty 

HfS grandfather, Da\id Sluss, and his 
grauflfather, John Hineman, were Ijoth n;iti\x's 
of Kentucky, and were among the first settlers 
in Monroe county, Indiana. 



A. C. Sluss learned the trade with his 
father, and received his education in the schools 
of Tuscola and the Chicago Business College. 
He was engaged in the manufacture of harness, 
etc., when, in 1889, he was appointed post- 
master of Tuscola by President Harrison, and 
again received the appointment by President 
McKinley, which shows his popularity and 
efficiency as a public official. Mr. Sluss became 
the sole owner of the Tuscola Journal, the 
official Republican organ of Douglas county, 
in December, i8g8. The Journal was founded 
by Siler & Lindsay in 1864, and has at the 
present time a paid circulation of about two 
thousand in the county. It is stanch Repub- 
lican in its p(jlitical \iews, and is one of the 
most progressive and up-to-date country news- 
papers in central Illinois. 

In 1875 Mr. Sluss was united in marriage 
to Miss Minerva Higgins, of Highland county, 
Ohio. They have three children, Alfred H., 
Frank L. and Hattie E. 


fantry, and served to the close of the war, fill- 
ing all the company offices from corporal to 

Upon returning from his army service our 
subject engaged in merchandising and farming 
in and near Areola until 1883, when he was 
elected county judge. He studied law and 
was admitted to the bar in 1889. Politically 
Judge Bassett is a Repulilican, and religiously 
is an adherent of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, having joined that society at Millers- 
burg, Kentucky, in 1856. 

In i860 our subject was married to Miss 
Nellie M. Gruell. and two children are the re- 
sult of this union: Jonathan H., residing at 
Arthur, Illinois, and Martin H., residing at 
Mattoon, Illinois. 

Judge W. H. Bassett was born January 
12, 1832, on a farm in Harrison county, Ken- 
tucky, and there grew to manhood, receiving 
a coinnKin-school education. He later at- 
tended a commercial college in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
graduating May 12, 1854. Afterward he en- 
gaged in the mercantile business in Cynthiana, 
Kentucky. He came to what is now Douglas 
county, Illinois, in 1857, and was engaged in 
farming until 1862. At this time he enlisted 
in Company K, Seventy-ninth Illinois In- 


Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Ephlin are the oldest 
couple in Tuscola. They came here from Parke 
county, Indiana, April 4, 1S5S, when the num- 
ber of inhabitants cimld be counted on the fin- 
gers of the two hands. They have lived here 
more than forty years, and out from the door- 
way of no home in Tuscola has come a kinder 
greeting to the wayfarer or a more hospitalilc 
reception to friends and relatives. Uncle Jake 
is closely related with the primitive town and 
the early county, having been among the first 
imsiness men and serving as deputy sheriff 
under I. L. Jordan. Aunt Martha is best 
known for her charitable deeds that tell of mis- 
sions of kindness and lo\'e and crown her with 
glorv. To a life full of years and rich in ex- 



I'difiice llicv lia\e added the greatest measure 
of atFcctiiiii for cacli ulltcr anil love for nian- 
kiiid, two gems tliat sliiiie with iindimmed 
s])leiidor in tfic crown of human i)ossibihty. 

W. T. PULL! AM, M. D. 

W. T. Pulham. M. D., is one of Tuscola's 
leading physicians. The Doctor has been in 
practice for many years, and has, by his energy 
and efiiciency, achieved a success and reputa- 
tion in the healing art second to none. He is 
thoroughly educated, and a most honoral^le and 
congenial gentleman, lie received a literary 
and .scientific education at the University of 
Illinois, after which he studied medicine in the 
Indiana Medical College, from \\-hich he was 
graduated in the spring of 1882. Since that 
time he has been fully devoted to his chosen 
profession at Tuscola, where he now enjoys 
a lucrative and extensive practice. 


George Callaway, a retired physician of 
Tuscola and a large land owner of Douglas 
county, is a native of Christian county, Ken- 
tucky, and was born May 4, 1848. In 
1850 he renuned to Illinois and was princi- 
])ally educated in the Illinois College at Jack- 
sonville. After leaving school he read 
medicine with Dr. J. L. Reat, at Tuscola, 
Illinois, and subsequently entered the Ohio 

Medical College at Cincinnati, from which 
he graduated in the class of "73. Dr. Callaway 
commenced the practice of medicine at Vir- 
ginia City, Montana, luning gone first in 1871 
to that territory as surveyor in the emi)loy of 
the government. In 1875 he located in Tus- 
cola, where he successfullv practiced his pro- 
fession u]) to within the last few years. At 
present he gi\es his entire attention to the 
management of his farm in Douglas county, 
owning in all o\er eight hundred acres of land. 
In 1879 he was united in marriage with 
Miss Emma C. Wyeth, of Tuscola, daughter 
of L. J. W'yeth (see sketch). To their mar- 
riage ha\e been born four children: Leonard, 
Katie, Ralph and lunma. Dr. Callaway owns 
one of the handsomest and most costly resi- 
dences in Tuscola and is a large stockholder 
in the First National Bank of Tuscola. He is 
a son (jf Samuel T. and Mary (Means) Cal- 
laway, the former born in Clark county, Ken- 
tucky, and the latter in Christian county, in 
the same state. Samuel T. Callaway was a 
Baptist minister, and many years of his life 
were spent in the work of the church. For a 
time he served as county superintendent of 
schools of Douglas county. The Callaway 
family came from North Carolina, as did also 
the Means family, and settled in Kentucky, 
where they were contemporaries of 1 )aniel 


J. M. Bas.sett is the editor and proprietor of 
the .\rthur Graphic, which he bought and took 
charge of October i, 1899. The paper was 



fuunded in April, 1S87, by T. J. Haney, and 
was edited and owned by bim until he sold it 
to Mr. Eassett. In 1883 he bought the Areola 
Record, which he ran until 1886, when he sold 
it to P. L. Henry. Mr. Bassett was three years 
and a half in the public printing office at Wash- 
ington, under the administration of President 
Harrison, at the end of which time he re- 
signed anti came home. In 1891 he and his 
father then again purchased the Record and ran 
it until 1895, selling to B. F. W'amsley. In 
1897 he and his brother, M. H. Bassett, who 
ownetl the Mattoon Daily Journal, again pur- 
chased the Record and Mr. Bassett had sole 
charge of the paper until January i, 1899, wdien 
the paper was sold to Nathan Collins and son. 
The Arthur Graphic was originally a five- 
column ne\\si)a])er, but has recently been made 
six by the present proprietor, who has in other 
ways overhauled the paper and office and con- 
siderably increased the circulation. 

Mr. Bassett was born in Areola township, 
this county, July 19, 1861. In 1882 he married 
Miss Nora I'erkins, who died in 1887. To 
this union was born one child, Nellie. He again 
married, in 1895, Miss Maggie Degnan, of 
Springfield, Illinois, becoming his wife. To 
tliem three children have been born, Bessie, 
Martin and Mary. The Arthur Graphic has a 
circulation of about five hundred, is well edited 
and is a very [xipular local newspaiier. 


W. W. Skinner was born November 12. 
1835, in Vermillion, Indiana. In 1839, with 
his parents, he moved to Coles (now Douglas) 

county. Ills., where he has since resided. When 
Mr. Skinner came to Douglas county there 
were only seven families in what is now New- 
man township, namely : .Vnson, Gaston, Rob- 
ert Hopkins, E. J. Howell and three families by 
the name of Winkler. 

Joseph Skinner, father of W. W. Skinner, 
burned a brick kiln on the banks of the Brushy 
Fork creek in 1839, it being the first kiln 
burned in that part of the state. For years 
after this he followed lireaking prairie land, 
his boys aiding him until his death, which oc- 
curred in 1857. He raised a large family of 
children, ten boys and three girls, W. W. Skin- 
ner being the sixth child. From this large 
famil)' of thirteen children only three are now 
living: W. \\'., John and Isaac, they being the 
three oldest sons. In the year 1862 John, W. 
W. and i\nson Skinner, brothers, enlisted in 
the Seventy-ninth Illinois V^olunteer Infantry. 
John and Anson were captured at the battle of 
Chickamauga. They were kept in prison sev- 
enteen months and nine days, and did not return 
to their regiment, but were mustered out at 
Springfield, Illinois, at the close of the war. 
W. W. Skinner remained with his company, 
was untler the leadership of Sherman, and took 
part in eleven hard fought battles, besides 
skirmishing by the month. He was mustered 
out June 12, 1865, at Nashville, Tennessee, and 
discharged June 2y, 1865, at Springfield, Illi- 

W. W. Skinner, being an early settler of the 
eastern part of Douglas county^ Illinois, well 
remembers some of the incidents of its first 
settlers. Robert Matson, from Kentucky, set- 
tled here in 1839 or 1840. He first located near 
Cofifee's Grove, in Sargent township, and in a 
few years removed one and one-half miles 



nortlicast uf Xowmaii. I Ic was a weallhy man, 
owninjj^ a larije plaiilalidii in KenUicUy and a 
inmil)er of slaves. He brouglil nine Maves to 
Illinois willi him. In 1847 '"^ slaves were 
spirited away to Charleston, the county seat of 
Coles county, they claiming their freedom un 
der the laws of a free state and being protected 
in their project by Rutherford and Ashmore. 
Mr. Matson. fearing the loss of his human 
proi)erty. followed them to Charleston and 
brought suit for the rights of property. He 
employed for his attorney the Honorable Abe 
Lincoln, who was at this time but twenty-nine 
years old, while the defendents employed the 
Honorable O. B. Ficklin. It so happened that 
Matson lost his slaves, while he himself re- 
turned to Kentucky, from which place he never 
returned U) the free state of Illinois. 


John Wright McKinncy was born near 
Springfield, Clark county, Ohio. June 17, 1825, 
and died at Camargo. Illinois, July ,^i, 1897, 
aged se\enty-two years, one month and twenty- 
four days. His father ruid family moved from 
Ohio to Montgomery county, Indiana, in 1830, 
where the deceased lived until his twenty first 
year. During the following tw(j years he 
taught school in Montgomery county, studying 
medicine meanwhile with an energy and avid- 
ity so characteristic of his nature. 

Mr. McKinney and Mary Roll were joined 
in matrimony October 12, 1848, at Pleasant 
Hill, Indiana. Soon after his marriage he 
moved to Ilill.sboro, Indiana, and began the 

practice of medicine. In 1S31 he moved to 
Camargo, Illinois, and continued the i)ractice 
of his chosen jjrofession. Later he attended 
lectures at the Jefferson Medical College of 
l'hiladeli)hia, graduating therefrom in 1835. 
Ill 1858 he moved to Cenlralia. Illinois, but 
removed to Camargo the following year. Sep- 
tember 13. i8r)2, he enlisted in the Sixty-second 
Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, but was 
shortly transferred to the Sixty-third Illinois 
V^olunteer Infantry and appointed surgeon of 
the regiment, with the rank of majt^r, in which 
capacity he served during the remainder of the 
war, most of that time in Gen. John A. Logan's 
corps — -the notable Fifteenth Army Corps. He 
was mustcrefl out ,\pril 9. 1863. Piefore the 
Sixty-third joined General Sherman's army, it 
was engaged in the battles of Vicksburg, Mis- 
sissippi, Mission Ridge, etc. After joining Gen. 
Sherman's army his regiment was active in the 
attack on the Ogeechee Canal and Miller's Sta- 
tion, and partici])ated in the long list of famous 
liattlcs of Sherman's anuy during his famous 
"march to the .sea." During its active service 
the Sixty-third regiment traveled some six 
thousand, four hundred and fifty-three miles. 
After the war Dr. McKinney resumed his 
practice of medicine and surgery at Caiuargo 
with marked success. He was author of the 
bill granting the formation of Douglas county, 
and gave the county its name in honor of the 
"Little Giant," Stephen .\. Douglas. The de- 
ceased served several terms as supervisor of 
Camargo township. In politics he was a Deiu- 
ocrat. While he did not belong to any church, 
lie possessed strong convictions of man's duty 
to his God, his country, his family and him- 
self, and ])ract:ced doing good and being hon- 
est all the (lavs of his life. 



September 25, 1870, Mary, his wife, died 
al their Caniaryu hdiiie, respected ami beloved 
by her husband and all who knew her. Septem- 
ber 10, 1871, Dr. McKimiey and Minnie A. 
Coykendall were joined in wedlock and lived 
happily together until death separated them. 
The Doctor was a prominent member of the A. 
F. & A. M., Camargo Lodge, No. 440 ; Knights 
Templar ; Frank Reed Post, G. A. R. ; County 
and State Medical Societies, and was a promi- 
nent and respected citizen of his township, 
county and state, being considered one of the 
most capable and successful physicians and sur- 
geons of central Illinois. He was a member 
of the local or county pension examining board, 
serving" in that capacity two terms. 

During Dr. McKinney's late illness — gen- 
eral pli_\'sical relaxation — he was attended con- 
stantly by his wife and children. His express 
wish, that his family nurse and care for him, 
was gratified. During these two months all 
of his family and children were able to be at 
his bedside and administer to his wants, night 
and day. His strong will power and remark- 
able energy coupled with the desire to recover 
his health, no doubt, prolonged his days. Dur- 
ing this last illness the Doctor was ever mindful 
of the w'ants of his family, prescribing rest and 
medicine for them if at any time he fancied they 
needed it. Dr. McKinney died in the same 
house he had lived for almost half a century — 
forty-six years. He died as he lived, lij\-ing and 
beloved by his family, neighbors and friends. 
His leading characteristics were his honesty in 
his dealings with his fellow men and his integ- 
rity as a jjliysician and citizen. He 
an indomitable will and a conviction of purpose 
that won him many a battle in the fights for life 
for his patients. He was courageous as a lion, 

vet withal lender and sympathetic as a woman. 
He was liberal and generous, administering to 
the poor as skillfully and carefully as to the 


Samuel L. Hopkins, (jne of the most suc- 
cessful farmers and stock raisers in Newman 
township, was l^orn south of Newman on the 
old Hopkins hoinestead in the year 1849. I" 
1 884 he was united in marriage to Miss Hattic 
Bell, and is the father of six children. Mr. 
Hopkins owns four hundred and twenty-seven 
acres of land which extends nearly to the cor- 
poration line of Newman. His mother was, be- 
fore her marriage, Elizabeth Thomas, and was 
born in Indiana. His father was James Hop- 
kins, who was one of the earliest settlers along 
the Brushy Fork timber. He was born in Pick- 
away county, Ohio. February 12, 181 5. At 
the age of nine years he, with his family, re- 
moved to Vermillion county, Indiana. Here, 
on January 21, 1838, he married Elizabeth 
Ann Thomas, who was mentioned above. In 
October, 1841, he came to Illinois and located 
in section 5, township 15, range 14, where he 
resided until his death. He first bought one 
hundred and thirty acres of land at seven dol- 
lars an acre, and at the time of his death he 
had accumulated many more acres. He was the 
father of ten children, three of whom were 
born in Indiana. Two of his sons, John Will- 
iam and Eli Thnmas, enlisted in the Twenty- 
fifth Regiment Illinois Volunteers at the com- 
mencement of the Civil war and both died in 
the service, the former on the 13th of Decern- 



li(.T at a liiispital in Si. l.Muis. and l'~li Thonias 
in llic laUcr pari of Auyust, i80_', near luka. 


l^auicl Rcidcrick is one of the oldest settlers 
now Jivinj^- in 1 )oui;las county. He came to near 
Danville. Illinois, with his father. Samuel R., 
sixtv years ago. The latter died- in \'erniilion 
county, and soon afterward Daniel came to 
wliatisnowGarretttowii-ship and kept generally 
ahout twelve yokes of oxen. 1 ie was bom July 
16, liSifi. ;uid Ins education was almost entirely 
neglected, hut he is known as "'honest, old Dan 


Segler H. Lester (deceased) was born i:i 
Virginia October 29, 1804, and dietl in Garrett 
township May J2, 1864, and married Parthenia 
Cassaday May 14, 1S33. Mrs. Lester, who is 
known among her neighbors as Grandma Les- 
ter, still survives. She was a daughter of 
I );niiel Cassaday, of \'irginia, where she was 
born iulv f). iSii. and sjient her early years 
in Kentucky. In |S_'(; she came with, her par- 
ents to I'^dgru' county. Illinois, where she met 
Mr. Lester, whom she subse(|uently mariaed. 
immediately after her wedding she moved with 
her husband to a place on the Springfield or 
State road, where there were about four fam- 
ilies, of whom Mrs. Lester is the only surx'ivor. 
hi the autumn of i8_^4 she moved to the site of 

her present residence, where a ronnd- log caimi, 
10x18 feel, was built, .and the new lamily be- 
gan the difliculties of pioneer life, with little 
more capital than willing hands and stout 
hearts. There \vere no cabins nearer ten 
miles iiorlh and se\'eii miles south, the site be- 
ii\g chosen by Mrs. Lester because the Indians 
had once made it their camjjing ground. 
1 lere live children were born, and here was laid 
the foundation of a handsome comi)etence : here 
also the homestead still shelters the welcome 
guest. There was no open road to fortune for 
the pioneers ; the nearest market for suri>lus 
[■nxluce was at Chicago, where corn was sold 
for six and one-half cents jier bushel ; i)ork from 
one dollar and a half to two dollars jier hundred 
and wheal at thirty-seven and onedialf cents pjr 
bushel. Supplies were only to be purchased 
at the of a tedious trip to Charleston, 
Terre Haute, Georgetown, Eugene or to Monti- 
cello, a round trip taking a week to accomplish. 
Each family could not afford this exi^ense and 
some wxnt for the whole neighl)orhood. This 
involved the use of a wagon and three yoke of 
oxen; the loan for a whole neighborhood of 
those times would not now be considered large, 
l)ut owing to the condition of the roads three 
voke of oxen barely sufficed. The accumula- 
iKiii of ])ro|>ei-t\- uniler such circumstances was 
a diriicnll matter. .Mr. Lester worked two years 
to earn iiu>ney enough to enter his first eighty 
acres, where the lionieslea<l stands, and in 1837 
be went to Rock Ri\er and broke jir.iirie loi- 
two months, earning enough to enter <ine bun 
dred acres. When the coming of winter clo.sed 
the season's wi>rk on the farm Mr. Lester 
turned his skill as ;i hunter to good account, 
in one winter earning enough from the sale of 
dcer"s hind-quarters to discharge a debt for 



his rifle, for which he had contracted to pay 
twenty-five dollars. It was by such slow and 
arduous efforts that he accumulated some one 
tliousand acres of land, of which he died pos- 
sessed. In 1874 a fine frame dwelling, which 
had lieen erected by him at the cost of twenty- 
seven hundred dollars, was destroyed by fire, 
but was at once rebuilt at a cost of fifteen hun- 
tlred dollars. 

Nine children have been born to Mr. Lester : 
FJiza J., wife of James Howe; Harriet A., 
wife of William Howe; Almeta J., wife of El- 
bert S. Crowle}'; John D., now in the agricult- 
ural implement business in Tuscola; Louisa E. 
A., wife of Daniel C. Johnson; Orlando B., oc- 
cupying an important position in the patent 
oftice at Washington, D. C. ; Lemuel P., now 
a resident at die homestead; Mary E. died 
November 6, 1845, ^ged one year; Margaret 
C. died April 25, 1855, aged three years. Lem- 
uel P. Lester was married February ly, 1872, 
to Lu\'ina Rice, a native of Kentuci<y, who, 
when a child, came to Douglas county with her 
parents. They have had seven children, six of 
whom are living, Perl D., Bert, Paul, Otto W., 
Gertrude and Martin. Orwell died in bis sixth 


W. E. Price, a resident of Camargo, and 
the present county surveyor, who has efficiently 
served in this capacity for twelve years, was 
burn in New York city July 8, 1849. He was 
n son of William Edward and Mathilda M. 
(Wilson) Price, natives of Ireland. His father 
was a cabinetmaker by trade, an Episcopalian 

in religious belief and died in New York city. 
Mr. Price came to L^ouglas county in i860 and 
was bound out to a Mr. McNair, going through 
all the hardships that generally befall a poor 

In 1873 he was married to Miss Ella 
Drummonds, of this county. He is the present 
nominee on the Rei)u])lican ticket for re-election 
to the oflice of county surveyor. 


Geo. O. Moore was born December i, 1858, 
on a farm near Muncie, Indiana. He is the 
tliird child of the family of Mr. and Mrs. 
Loins Moore, and migrated with them to Doug- 
las county when only five years old, locating 
near the county seat, Tuscola. His early edu- 
cation was attained in the schools of Tuscola 
and adjoining districts. He also took a classi- 
cal and scientific course in the Normal College 
at Danville, Indiana, from Avhich he graduated 
in 18S1, paying his tuition and way through 
the school by the sweat of his lirow as janitor. 
He was principal of the schools at Russellville, 
Indiana, in 1882, giving entire satisfaction. 
He then held die chairs of music and higher 
mathematics in the Canip])cII Normal LTni\'er- 
sity at Holton, Kansas, in 1883. In August 
of the same year he went to Troy, Ohio, where 
he was united in the holy bonds of matrimony 
to Miss Lillie Conway, a resident of that city, 
wdiose accpiaintance he had formed at college. 
He and his amiable wife took up their abode 
at Middleton, Virginia, wdiere Mr. Moore had 
accepted the associate principalship of the Shen- 



niultiali Xornial C"(illec;x'. which pDsition lie held 
fur three years. Owini;; to the decliiiini;' ot' liis 
wile's lieahli Mr. Moore returned to Illinois, 
stopi)ins;' at Tuscola, where Mrs. Moore passed 
away in .\ngust of the same year. To this 
union was born one son. Louis C. In the fall 
of 1886 he accei)ted the principalship of the 
Newman schools, which he hekl for three years. 
In tlie s])ring of 1890, being solicited by his 
many friends, he made the race for the Repub- 
lican nomination for superintendent of schools 
iif Dont;las countv- 

.\. .\. AR^fSTRONG. 

.Archie A. .\rmstron_e^, one of the progres- 
sive, intelligent and well-known young farmers 
of the county and Camargo township, was born 
in Lawrence county, Ohio, September 10, 1861. 
He is the son of John .\rmstrong, who is also 
a nati\e of Ohio and now a resident of Cham- 
jiaign. He came to Douglas county in 1879, 
and bought several farms in Tuscola township 
and in other localities. He resided for some 
years on one of his farms, when he removed 
to the city of Champaign. He is now living 
a retired life in the sixty-fifth year of his age. 

.\rcliie .Armstrong owns one of tlie most 
be.'uitifnl and attractive farms in the county, 
which he has \vell stocked with .Xberdecn .\n- 
gus cattle. In 1886 he wedded Miss N(jra 
Rice, of Champaign county. They have one 
child. Floyd, ten years of age. .Mr. .Armstrong 
is a director of the Douglas County Fair .Asso- 
ciation, and a member of the M.isonic lodge 
at Camargo. 


Wilson S. Durgctt. a native of Sargent 
township, and a son of I. W. lUn-gelt, whose 
sketch is found on another page, was born 
December 23, 1S63. He was reared in Sar- 
gent township, where he continued to live until 
eight years ago, when he removed to his 
present farm two miles south of Camargo. 

In 1886 he was marrieil to .Miss Kate May, 
.'1 daughter of Judge r.rown (see sketch). They 
have three children : Ray I'.rown, Hurley Sum- 
ner and Wayne Brenton. 

W. S. IJurgett owns two hundred rnid ten 
acres of land, on which he li\'es, and is one of 
the intelligent and representative young busi- 
ness men of the county. In politics he is an 
enthusiastic Republican anil has served two 
years as township comiuitteeman. 


Joseph Bra<lley Petty, one of the successful 
business men of Tuscola, engaged in merchan- 
dising ruid identified with several other enter- 
]irises of the city, was born in Hendricks coun- 
ty, Indiana, 24, 1855, and is a son of 
.\athan and .Ann Mariah (Wood) Petty, the 
former born in Chatham county, Xorlli Caro- 
lin.-i, and the latter in Mercer count}-. Kentucky. 
Mr. Petty was engaged in farming for several 
years in Champaign county, and from 1884 to 
i8gi he resided at lantha, Mis.souri, where 
he was engaged in blacksmithing and hard- 
ware merchandising. In the latter year he 
returned to Illinois and settled in Tuscola. 



wliere he has since worked at his trade, and in 
1898 opened up a general store in connection 
witii his other business. 

In 1 88 1 he was united in marriage to Miss 
Priscilla Mars, of Champaign county. They 
have five boys : Earle Sliirley, Byron Tal- 
mage, Clara Marrs, Virgil Ira and William 
Nathan. He owns his own home and store 
buildings, is a hard working man, and is one 
of the honorable and representative citizens 
of Tuscola. He is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church and of the Cnurt of Honor. 
Mrs. Petty, a lady of gootl intelligence and 
fine business tact, is a daughter of William and 
Mary Jane (Sutherland) Marrs, the former a 
native of Bourbon county, Kentucky, and the 
latter of Ohio. At the age of four years Will- 
iam Marrs, with his father, John Marrs, moved 
to SheH)y count}', Ohio, where William was 
raised. He moved to Macon county, Illinois, 
in 1859, and there engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. Priscilla Marrs taught school seven 
years in Champaign county, Illinois, then be- 
came Mrs. Petty. She has the agency and is 
field manager for the \'iavi Company for 
Douglas county, and has also the agency and 
field management for the Magnetic Shield 
Company, of Chicago, in her county. \'ia\'i 
is a purely vegetable compound, the outgrowth 
of a physician's prescription. To his years of 
e.xperimenting was added an incredible amount 
of patience and money, and Viavi in its pres- 
ent form is the result. It is virtually predi- 
gested food and is used with most perfect 
safety by the most delicate, young and old. 
This remedy is world famed, and is success- 
fully used by every nation. The motto of the 
Viava wi>rker is "The higher ])hysical life of 
woman," and thus preserve the health of the 

race. Mrs. Petty has, in her si.x years' agency, 
done a business of over $4,600. She is thor- 
oughly capable, and with ihe time that she 
has given to her special work she has lieen re- 
markably successful. 


Samuel B. Logan, one of the very oldest 
of the pioneers now living in Douglas county, 
and the first .sherifif, was born near the village 
of Washington, Mason county, Kentucky, 
April 30, 18 16. He is a son of Joseph and 
Mary (Morris) Logan. The former was a 
nati\-e of Mason county and the latter of the 
state of New Jersey. John Logan (grand- 
father) was one of the early settlers from 
I'ennsylvania, and after his arrival in Ken- 
tucky he lived in a fort. Joseph Logan (father) 
was a soldier in the war of 181 2 and was in the 
Ijattle of the Thames. John Morris (grand- 
father) was a nati\-e of New Jersey and in the 
opinion of Mr. Logan was a soldier in the war 
of the Revolution. His father and mother, in 
1S37, removed to Coles county and located 
within two miles of where Mr. Logan no^v 
resides. The first year his father raised a 
crop, renting his land of old Jacob Moore. 

Samuel B. Logan enjoys the honor of hav- 
ing been the first sheriff of Douglas county, 
and has lived a long, honorable and beautiful 
life in his adopted county. In 1848 he was 
married to Miss Leah Fuller, a native of Vir- 
ginia, whose death occurred in 1896. To this 
marriage were burn twelve children. Of this 



miinhtT six arc liviiis^. \ iz : Saniuol !•"., Albert 
W.. Harriot |.. ilaniiali C. Mary Iv and 


George C. Jeffers, iiienil)cr of liie firm of 
Bragg & Jefifers, engaged in general merchan- 
dising and hanking at Camargo, was horn in 
Adams county. Illinois, in 185S. and is a son of 
Samuel 1'. and Rachel (Orr) Jeffers. Samuel 
P. Jefifers was horn in Clermont county. Ohio. 
June 9, TS34. and is a son of Elijah and Han- 
nah (Pine) Jeffers. natives of Clermont conn- 
tv, Ohio, and Xew Jersey respectively. Han- 
nah Pine was a daughter of William Pine, 
who, an ori)lian, emigrated from England to 
this country and first settled in New Jersey, 
thence removing to Ohio and later to Pike 
countv. Illinois, where he died. He served in 
the war of 1S12. hllijah was a .son nf William 
Jefifers, a native of the north of Ireland. Sam- 
uel D. Jefifers came to Camargo township in 
1869, from Adams county, this state, where 
he farmed up to within the past ten years, since 
which time he has kc])t the meat market at 
Camargo. On February 22, 1855, he was 
wedded to Rachel J. Orr, a daughter of 
Thomas and Elizabeth Orr. In the beginning 
I if 1865 he Vdluntcercd in the Forty-seventh 
illiuMis Infantry, and was in service till the 
close of the Civil war. 

George C .Jeffers, after leasing school, 
taught for one year, and in 1879 became a 
clerk for .\. W. Bragg, in the latter's store at 
Camargo, in which capacity he continued till 
1S93, when he became a jiartner. with one- 

half interest, and the lnni name became P>ragg 
& Jeffers. The general .store and banking 
house of Bragg & Jeffers, containing two de- 
])artments, carries a stock of general merchan- 
dise valued at about $20,000, requiring a 
corps of four clerks, and does an annual busi- 
ness of from $35,000 to $40,000. George C. 
Jefifers is a clear headed and able business man 
whose industry and comprehensive grasp of 
details has to a great extent made this one of 
the leading mercantile firms of central Illinois. 
In 1884 Mr. Jeffers married Miss Carrie, 
a daughter of \V. H. Hall, an old and highly 
respected citizen and merchant of (Tamargo. 


William W. Reeves, of Tuscola, one of 
the youngest members in active practice at the 
Douglas county bar, was burn on a farm near 
X'illa Gro\e, Camargo township, Decemlier 25, 
1870, and is a son of George R. Reeves. The 
latter, who was a native of Delaware county, 
Indiana, was born in 1836, and his death oc- 
curred in 1 88 1. He removed to Douglas 
county in 1865, and was engaged in farming 
up to the time of his decease. W. W'. Reeves' 
mother was before her marriage Miss Nancy 
E. Wilson. She was born near L'rbana, Ohio, 
and was a daughter of John O. Wilson, a na- 
tive of Penn.sylvania, who emigrated in 1861 
to Illinois, first locating near Paris, and later 
came to this county, where he died at the age 
of seventy-nine years. Elijah Reeves (grand- 
father) was born near Culpeper Court House, 
X'irginia, and snl)sef|uently emigrated to Ken- 



tucky. At one time he was the owner of quite 
a number of slaves, but later became convinced 
that slavery was wrong and freed them all in 
the year 1836 and moved to Indiana, a free 

William W. Reeves remained on the farm 
until he had arrived at the age of seventeen 
years, when he entered Wesleyan College. He 
continued his studies in this institution until 
he had finished the sophomore year. In 1896 
he commenced reading law in the office of 
John H. Chadwick, and was graduated from 
the Bloomington (Illinois) Law School in the 
class of '98. He was immediately admitted to 
the bar and opened an office in Tuscola. He 
is a member of the Masonic order and is a 
Knight of Pythias. In politics he is a Demo- 
crat and takes an acti\'e interest in the success 
of his party. 

taught school for seven years in Douglas and 
Coles counties. In 1892 he was married to 
Miss Nellie I. Fancher, of Charleston, Illinois. 
They have one child, Paul Kenneth. 

Mr. Avery is a member of the Knights of 
Pythias and the Woodmen. He is a splendid 
news gatherer, a pungent writer and a young 
luan of splendid reputation. 


J. W. Boyer, a well known farmer of Sar- 
gent township, and the jiresent census enu- 
merator for the same, was born in the vicinity 
of Ashmore, Coles county, Illinois, on the i ith 
day of April, 1850. For twenty-five years he 
has been identified with the industrial growth 
of his township, and is well and favorably 


J. L. Avery, editor and proprietor of the 
Areola Weekly Herald since April i, 1893, 
was born four and one-half miles southeast of 
Areola, in Coles county, Illinois, Noveml.ier 
25, 1866. The Herald was founded in the 
3'ear 1883 |by H. H. Moore, who conducted it 
until about the year 1891, when Willis S. 
Scales bought it and published it until he sold 
it to Mr. Avery. The paper is in a flourishing 
condition, strictly Democratic in politics and 
full of local news, with a circulation of about 
fifteen hundred. 

J. L. Avery was educated in the common 
schools, the Areola high school, and took a known as an intelligent and upright citizen, 
teacher's course of two years. Afterward he He is the son of James and Susan (Mack) 




Boyer, the former a native of X'irginia, ami tlic 
latter was born in Kentncky. As early as 1835 
James Boyer came and settled with his father, 
Joseph, who was also born in X'irginia, and w ho 
settled in the neighborhood of Ashmore. Here 
Joseph Boyer became one of the lirst settlers 
and afterward went to Missouri, where he 
died. W'illiam Mack (maternal grandfather) 
was also one of the early settlers in the same 
vcinity. Janies Boyer (father) is at present 
residing in the state of Kansas, at the age of 
seventy-nine years, and his wife is still li\ing 
in the same year, of her age. 

Jospeh Boyer was reared on a farm in 
Douglas county, where he received a very good 
common school education, anil went to W'est- 
field College four terms. His farm of two hun- 
dred and nineteen acres, which lies in the north- 
east part of the township, is well improved and 
valuable. Nearly ever since Mr. Bower's resi- 
dence here he has served efficiently as school 
director, and in 1900 was appointed census 
enumerator of Sargent township. In 1875 he 
married Josie, daughter of William Hopkins 
(see further notice of the Hopkins family on 
another page), who was one of the pioneer 
settlers in this section of the county. Mr. 
and Mrs. Boyer have .seven children living: 
Mamie, Robert, Belva, Clinton, Maggie, James 
and Floyd. 


Rev. J. V. Martin, pastor of St. John llie 
Baptist church at Areola, Illinois, was born 
in Cham])lin, Minnesota, November 22, 1857. 

lie was cducateil in the St. Francis College, 
Milwaukee; St. John's University, Minnesota, 
and .subscxjuently completed the six-years' di- 
vinity at the (Jrand Seminary. Abm- 
treal, Canada, where he was ordained Dccem- 
iK-r 18, 1886. Mis lirst charge was at .Spring- 
field, Illinois, where he did hospital service 
for two months; from there he was transferred 
to Shipnian, laboring for two and a half 
years as the regular pastor ; thence to Neoga, 
where he remained two years, when, in 1891, 
he came to Areola. The church here was 
built about thirty-three years ago, with Father 
Manganas as first pastor. The present men)- 
bership of the church is about three huudrol, 
situated in the town and in the southwestern 
part of Douglas county. The church is out 
of debt and is in a prosperous condition. 

Father Martin is a con.scientious worker in 
his church; he is a thorough Christian gentle- 
man and a devout worshiper of Christ. 


William H. Fisher, a retired farmer and 
an e.x-soldier of the Civil war, came to Doug- 
las county in 1877 and located on a farm two 
and a half miles southeast of Areola, which 
be purchased and resided on for four years, 
when he removed to Albany, Oregon. In 
J 882 he returned to Douglas county and lo- 
cated on a farm in Tuscola township, remain- 
ing here for two years. He then purchased a 
farm east of Galton, which he owned and re- 
sided upon for ten years, when, in 1893, he 
moved to Tuscola, where he at present resides. 



He owns one hundred and sixty acres of land, 
northwest of town. 

Our subject was born in Ohio county, In- 
diana, January 7, 1839, and was a son of An- 
drew and Ehza (Hunter) Fisher, the former 
a native of Butler county, Ohio, and the lat- 
ter of Switzerland county, Indiana. His pa- 
ternal grandfather, Jacob Fisher, was a Penn- 
sylvanian by birth. His maternal grand- 
father, John Hunter, was born in Ireland, and 
subsequently emigrated to Switzerland coun- 
ty. Indiana, and then to Ohio county, Indiana. 
Mr. Fisher's paternal great-grandfather was 
a Revolutionary soldier, and several other 
members of the Fisher family were in the In- 
dian and other early wars. 

William H. Fisher was reared in Jefferson 
county, Indiana, on a farm, and in August, 
1862, he volunteered in the Eighty-third In- 
diana Infantry and served until the close of 
the war. He belonged to the Second Divis- 
ion, Fifteenth Army Corps, which was organ- 
ized and commanded by Gen. Sherman, and 
later by Gen. Logan. He was in the battles of 
Chickasaw, Miss., Arkansas Post or Hind- 
man, Jackson, Mississippi, was through the 
siege of Vicksburg, at Missionary Ridge and 
Atlanta ; also at Jones^boro, Bentonville, North 
Carolina, was with Sherman on his sweep 
to the sea, and was present at the grand re- 
view, Washington, at the close of the war. 

In 1869 he was wedded to Miss Nancy J. 
Beatty, of Ohio county, Indiana. They had 
four children: James Edward, Rosanna B., 
Eliza B., and William Franklin, the latter de- 
ceased. Mrs. Fisher is the daughter of 
George and Rosanna (Smith) Beatty. Her 
father was a native of Pennsylvania, and her 
mother was born in Ohio county, Indiana. 

Her grandfathers were Hugh Beatty and 
George Smith, who came from Pennsylvania. 
Mr. and Mrs. Fisher are members of the Pres- 
byterian church ; he is also a memlier of the 
Grand Army of the Repul)lic, and Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. 


T. M. Richards, a leading merchant and 
grain buyer of Hayes, Illinois, was born in 
Douglas county, Illinois, August 7, 1864, and is 
a son of Thomas Y. Richards, who was a na- 
tive of Hardin county, Kentucky, where he was 
born in 1818. The latter moved to this county 
in the 'forties and was engaged in farming. 
He was three times married and .was the fa- 

ther of nine chiklren, of whom all are dead ex- 
cepting T. M. and G. R. Richards. His last 
wife was Hester A. Reat, and she was the moth- 



er of the above named Ijovs (see sketch of Dr. 
J. L. Reat). Tliomas Y. Richards (Hcd in 

T. M. Richards has been twice married, 
first, in January, 1889, to Miss Dove E. Don- 
nals, daugiiter of R. T. Donnals, of Tuscola, 
IlHnois. She was born Decemlier 16, 1866, 
and died November 20, 1894. Their marriage 
was blessed with two children: Beryl E., born 
September 28, 1889, and Theodore T., born 
February 16, 1892. Our subject w^as again 
married, in October, 1897, to Mrs. Efifie ]\1. 
Doty, of Effingham county, her maiden name 
being Baker. She was married to \V. Doty 
in 1 89 1. He died December 3, 1893. They 
had one boy, Daniel I. Doty. Mr. and Mrs. 
Richards also ha\e two children: Ralph H., 
born August 4, 1898, and Lee M., born De- 
cember 27, 1899. ^^^- Richards is the grain 
agent at Hayes for O. L. Parker, of Tuscola, 
and handles about three hundred thousand 
bushels of oats and corn yearly. He is a mem- 
ber of the Modern \Voodmen of America, and 
is a hustler. 


James S. Reeder, postmaster at Garrett, 
to which position he was appointed in July, 
1898, located in Bourbon in 1856. He is a 
.son of John A. and Mary B. (Harter) Reeder. 
John A. Reeder was l)orn in Ohio in 181 5 
and died in 1891. David Harter (maternal 
grandfather) was a native of Virginia. James 
S. was in the Civil war as a private, enlisting 
in Company G, Seventy-ninth Illinois Regi- 
ment Volunteer Infantry. Going in in .Au- 
gust, 1862, he remained out for two years and 
ten months. 


G. R. Richards, who is associated in busi- 
ness with his brdther, T. M. Richards, was 


William S. Hammett, retired farmer re- 
siding in Tuscola, was born in Montgomery 
county, Virginia, December 9, 1823, and is 
a son of John Hammett (.see sketch of James 
R. Hammett). He came with his father from 
Bourbon county. Kentucky, in 1829. He was 
for many years a leading farmer of Camargo 
townshi]) and ]>niminent in the early affairs gaged in the livery business in Tuscola, and in 
of the county. burn in 1865. He was for several years en- 



1899 removed to Hayes and became associated 
with his brother. In 1896 he was married to 
Miss Myrtle Johnson, a daughter of WilHam 
T. Johnson, of Tuscola. They have no chil- 
dren. George is known as a ball player all over 
central Illinois. 


Stephen S. Henson, a highly respected cit- 
izen, belonging to the old school of gentlemen, 
and who is probably as well and favorably 
known as any man in the county, was born 
near Cynthiana, Harrison county, Kentucky, in 
October, 1827, and is a son of Gideon and 
Nancy Shumate. His father was a native of 
Virginia and his mother of Kentucky. The 
former emigrated from Kentucky to Vermil- 
lion county, near Indianola, in 1834, and, with 
his wife and children, located in the vicinity of 
Villa Grove, where he entered a large tract of 
land. His children were: George W. (see 
sketch), Stephen S., and two daughters, who 
were the wives of James Richards and Cole- 
man Bright, respectively. All the children are 
now dead except Stephen S. 

Mr. Henson was about fifteen years old 
when he arrived in Douglas county. He has 
always been engaged in farming and at 
present owns a beautiful farm of two 
hundred and eighty acres, part of which 
is in Douglas county and part in Cham- 
paign. In 1853 'is ^^'^s united in mar- 
riage to Miss Nancy E. Williams, wdio was a 
native of Vermilion county, Illinois, and a 
daughter of Elijah Williams, an early settler 
in Vermilion county. Mrs. Henson was born 

in 1830 and died in 1893. Of t'^'s marriage 
there are seven children living : Franklin, who 
resides just across the road from his father ; 
Mantie, who is the wife of Dr. E. S. Smith, 
of Urbana; Lula, wife of Charles Amnion, of 
Carthage, Missouri; Ward, who resides east 
of Villa Grove on a farm ; Burt, deceased ; 
Flora, at home, and Kitty B., wife of S. W. 
Love, of Urbana, editor of the Daily Courier. 
Mr. Henson is a consistent member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church at Villa Grove, 
in the affairs of which he takes an active in- 


Coleman Bright came to Douglas county 
in 1850 and engaged in retail merchandising, 
and in about i860 removed to Tuscola and re- 
mained a member of the firm of Bright & 
Jones until his death on July 20. 1881. 


W. Avery Howard, who has recently be- 
come a partner in the broom corn business 
with W. H- Hancock, is a native of Fultonville, 
New York, and w-as born February 26, 1846. 
His early years were spent at Fort Hunter 
and later he engaged in the manufacture of 
brooms here with his uncle, E. Howard. In 
1888 W. A. Howard withdrew and associated 
himself with Henry Herrick, of Amsterdam, 
New York, and acted in the capacity of super- 



intenclent of factory and broom corn ])ur- 
chaser. In iSc)4 he went to St. Louis and 
for tlirce years su])erintcn(lcd tlie broom corn 
Ijusiness for Cnpple's Wood and Willowware 
Company, tlie largest in tlie world. In August, 
1898, he located in Tu.scola and engaged in 
the broom corn brokerage business. 

He is a son of Silas and Julia A. ( Avery j 
Howard. In 1872 be was wedded to Miss 
Emma .\. Howe, a daughter of .Allen M. 
Howe, who resides in the town of Florida, 
Montgomery county. Xew York. Mr. How- 
ard is a man of culture and education and the 
city of Tuscola has gained in him a represen- 
tative citizen and a thorough student in busi- 
ness affairs. 


N. S. ^binroe. of Arthur, and the well- 
known road-machine manufacturer, is a native 
of Shelby county. Indiana, having been born 
eight miles from Shellnviile. the county seat, 
January 8. 1851. His parents were Andrew 
J. and Julia Ann (Huffman) Monroe, who were 
also natives of Shelby county, Indiana. His 
father was a farmer and came to Illinois in 
1856 and settled in Richland county, thence in 
1866 to Coles county, and three years ago 
moved to Areola, where he is living aretired life. 
.\. S. Monroe's grandfathers, Samuel Monroe 
and Jacob Huffman, were both Virginians by 
birth and were pioneer settlers in Shelby county, 
Indiana. His grandfather Monroe resided in 
Shelby ville sixty years. John Raynes (mater- 
nal great-grand father) was born in Maine. John 
Monroe (paternal great-grandfather) was boni 

in \'irginia and was engaged in the Metlmdist 
ministry for about sixty years, li\ing to be 
ninety-six years old; he also had se\eral broth- 
ers who were i)reachers in the Methodist 
church. N. S. Monroe grew upon the farm 
and received only a common-school education. 
He remo\ed to Douglas county and in 1876 
he located on a farm in Bourbon township, 
where he continued to farm up till 1896. The 
farm upon which he resided he still owns ; it 
contains three hundred and seventeen acres. 

Jn 1876 Mr, Monroe was married to Miss 
Martha A. Leggett. who was born in Terre 
Haute. Seven children have blessed their 
union: Charles W'.. Andrew J., Margaret M.. 
George \\'.. Julia E.. Ora B. and Alice J. He 
is a member of the Methodist church and the 
Masonic fraternity. In 1894 he founded his 
present road-machine manufactory at Arthur, 
and it promises to be one of the leading in- 
dustries of its kind in the country. His build- 
ing is 132x35 feet in size. The advantages of 
the Monroe road-machine when working on 
a ])ike are that }-ou do not have to put one horse 
in the ditch while cutting off a slmulder. as the 
bars extend out so that the team and machine 
can travel on the road. The fact that the Mon- 
roe road-machine will do so much more work 
than other machines with the same power lies 
simply in the construction of the machine. The 
bars acting against each other there is no wide 
draft and no power lost, and the machine will 
not slide into the ditch. The bars work in- 
dependently <if llie upward and downward ac- 
tion I if the frame caused by the unex'enness of 
the road. 

Cnder date of February jt,. 1900. the Ar- 
lliur (ira])hic copies from the Southern Re- 
view of Commerce, of Louisville, Kentucky, 



dated February 7, 1900, the following: "As 
a result we find that 'The Monroe Road Ma- 
chine,' a product of N. S. Monroe, Arthur, 
Illinois, who is the patentee and manufacturer 
of this machine, is the best on the market. In 
an editorial like this it is impossible to give all 
the details of our recent investigation of this 
subject, but we wish to state that the above 
named machine is vastly superior to all other 
makes because it is made of the best material 
regardless of cost; it is constructed strictly on 
scientific and mechanical principles; is strong 
and durable and every machine sold by Mr. 
Monroe is fully guaranteed. 

"This machine scrapes ten to twenty feet at 
a time, leaving a perfectly smooth road and one 
free from all ridges. It is a practical road ma- 
chine for successful work on either dirt or 
gravel roads, and those who have used it pro- 
nounce 'The Monroe Road Machine' the finest 
that is on the market, while practical mechanics 
say it is the acme of perfection in this line of 
invention, and that any man of ordinary judg- 
ment can operate it with ease and safety and 
perform perfect work with it. Its efficiency, 
durability, simplicity and the cheap price at 
which it is put on the market certainly recom- 
mend this machine to all who desire to secure 
perfect roads. 

"We advise our inquirers, or all interested 
readers, to write Mr. Monroe direct for further 
and detailed information. He is a gentleman 
well known for his business tact and enter- 
prise, his commercial rating is of the highest 
order and all parties dealing with him can rest 
assured that he will make good every repre- 
sentation that he may make. 

"This unsolicited editorial endorsement is 
made in strict accordance with the policy of 

the Review, which is to give credit where credit 
is due in every investigation that we make for 
our readers, whose interests alone we seek to 
serve. The Monroe system of road work 
should be given careful investigation as it 
should be adopted to obtain the best results 
when the machine is used." 


Jacob Moore, the pioneer of the family of 
Moores in the county, was a native of Ken- 
tucky. His wife, .\manda Rice, was also born 
in Kentucky. They came to Douglas county 
in the spring of 1834. In the same year he 
purchased from Sigler Lester forty acres of 
land, and afterward added about two thousand 
more. He died in i860, and his wife in 1863. 
They had ten children; the eldest of whom, 
William T. Moore, was born in Park county, 
Indiana, September 5, 1830. 


Alvy J. Parke is one of the hustling, go- 
ahead, young business men of the county, lo- 
cated at Hindsboro, engaged in the grain and 
implement business, was born on a farm in 
.Sargent township March 11, 1876. and is a 
son of B. F. and Harriet (Wierman) Parke. 
Both of his parents were born in Champaign 
county, are living, and for the past year resided 



in Shdbv C(iiinty. Tennessee. j\Ir. Parke was 
reared to nianliood on tlic farm ami received 
Iiis education in the high scliool of Oakland. 
In I ■'^07 he married Miss Myrtle Lewis. 

.\. J. Parke started up in his present Inisi- 
ness in Xovemher, 1898. and is doing an im- 
mense business solely on his own account. Last 
year he bought in the neighborhood of eighty 
thousand bushels of corn, besides other grain, 
and finds a market at Terre Haute, Indiana, 
lie has just completed a building 32x60 feet, 
and has it filled with the best grade of the Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, buggies, the celebrated Mitchell 
wagon and farm machinery of all descriptions. 
.Mr. Parke's future in the business world seems 
unusually bright, and his characteristic push 
and his reputation for square dealing will un- 
doubtedly bring him just results. 

its first president, though he bad had banking 
experience since 1866. The ])resent capital of 
the bank is fifty thousand dollars, with a sur- 
plus of ten thousand dollars, and one hundred 
and twenty thousand dollars average deposits. 
Lender its ])resent management it is doing a 
llouri.shing business, and is one of the nicest sub- 
stantial banking houses in central Illinois. 

In 1892 our subject was married to Miss 
IHorence M. McMillan, of Areola. Mr. Beggs 
has many substantial and de\'otcd fi'iends and 
no young man is more favorably known 
throughout the county than he. 



Jesse R. Beggs, president of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Areola, doubtless enjoys the 
distinction of being the youngest national bank 
president in the state. He has occupied this im- 
portant ])()sition since the death of his father, 
whom he succeeded in February, 1895. He was 
born in Areola, August 19, 1868, and was edu- 
cated in the public schools of the village. His 
father, James Beggs. was born in Clark county, 
near Charlestown, the old county seat. He came 
to .Areola in 1858, where he followed a most 
successful business career up to the time of his 
death. 1 lis wife was .\manda Brentlinger, who 
was also born in the same town. On the or- 
ganizaticjn of the liank. in 1S74, be was chi.)sen 

Marion \\'atson, of Arthur, after reading 
law under the instruction of William H. W'lrt- 
taker, of Sullivan, was admitted to practice 
law before the supreme court of the state in 
1896. He was born on a farm near Bloom- 
field, Greene county, Indiana, October 29, 1864. 
His education w'as received in the common 
schools, and he afterward attended a short 
term at the normal at Danville, Indiana. He 
remained on the farm in his native county 
until 1883, when he came to Illinois, locating 
in Douglas county, and spent two seasons as a 
common work hand on the farm, working one 
winter during this time for his board and 
attending school. Subsefpiently he taught 
school for six years in the county. In 1892 
Mr. Watson succeeded W. H. H. Reeder in 
tlie insurance and real estate business, since 
which lime he has been very su^'cess- 
fullv engaged in this business in connection 



with his law practice. He lias a most complete 
law library, and one as varied as those gen- 
erally found in cities. 

On September 5, 1892, he was united in 
marriage with Miss Ivy J., daughter of James 
and Belle Gamron, of Edgar county, Illinois. 
They have four children : Esther Marie, Ralph 
Waldo, Gladys and Grace. 

Marion Watson is the son of Dale and 
Ouintilla (Payne) Watson, who were prob- 
ably born in Virginia. Dale came to Indiana 
with his father, John Watson, and they were 
among the early settlers of Greene cc uuty. 
His maternal grandfather, William Fayne, was 
a native of North Carolina. 

Mr. Watson has served one term as pres- 
itlent of the village board of Arthur ; served a 
part of a term as justice of the peace, ond one 
term as assessor of Bourbon township, and is 
a member and trustee of the Baptist church. 
Mr. Watson has fought his own way to the 
front over many obstacles, and occupies at 
present an enviable and honorable position 
among his professional brethren of the county, 
having the confidence of the entire community 
in which he lives. In political opinion he is a 
stanch believer in the tenets and principles of 
the regular Democracy as laid down in the Chi- 
cago platform of 1896. 


Samuel W. Smiley, grain buyer at West 
Ridge, and member of the firm of Smiley & 
Watson (B. T. Watson, of Bourbon), is one of 
the wide-awake and energetic business men of 

the county. He came to Douglas county in 
1889, and located in Bourbon township, where 
he was engaged in business. Subsequently he 
and B. T. Watson formed their partnership, 
and Mr. Smiley located at West Ridge. This 
firm bought at this place from July i to No- 
vember 10, 1899 130,000 bushels of corn and 

Samuel W. Smiley was born at Greencastle, 
Indiana, February 11, 1855, and is the son of 
Jonathan and Mary (Warner) Smiley. They 
are both dead. Mr. Smiley's parents removed 
from Greencastle to Stanford, Kentucky, where 
he was principally reared and educated. In 1876 
he was married to Miss Elizabeth Hester Has- 
barger, and six children have been born to their 
marriage. Mr. Smiley's grandfather, Jona- 
than Smiley, was a native Virginian ; his ma- 
ternal grandfather was Samuel Warner. Mr. 
Smiley is postmaster at West Ridge, owns one 
Iiundred and sixty acres of land in Camargo 
township, and is rapidly coming to the front 
as one of Douglas county's most successful 
business men. 


\\'illiam E. Atwell was born in Bracken 
county, Kentucky, in the year A. D. 183 1, 
and there grew to man's estate, when he moved 
to a farm in Pendleton county in the same 
state. He wedded Miss Nancy Barrett, of 
near C3'nthiana. Slie died in June, 1897. They 
had twelve clTildren, all of whom are living and 
doing well in the world. Mr. Atwell is a son 
of William and Ursla (Fields) Atwell, who 
were natives of old Virginia. His grand- 



fathers wore llui;li Atwcll ;in(l Lfl)an Fiekls. 
tlie foniior horn in Virginia and the hitler in 
North Carolina. Mr. .\t\vell. who is a warm 
liearted gentleman, lor wliich his state is 
noted, has for se\-eral years niaile his home 
wilii one of his (hiughters, Mrs. Elizaheth I\l. 
Wyeth. in her heautiful country seat in (iar- 
rett township. 


Charles A. Hawkins, the ])resent gentleman- 
ly county clerk, was horn in Pickaway county, 
Ohio, May 25, i860, and is a son of William 
and Sarah (Hard) Hawkins, natives of the 
same state. His father died in 1866. Mr. 
Hawkins was principally educated at Dan- 
\ille. Indiana, and spent two and a half years 
teaching. He served his township (Newman) 
as tax collector and supervisor, and in Novem- 
ber, 1898, was elected county clerk. 

On October 7, 1884, Mr. Hawkins mar- 
ried Louisa J. Curtis, of Newman, and they 
ha\e four children: Claude A., Opal B., Pearl 
L. and Jay M.. Our subject is a Mason and a 
Knight of Pythias and is active in Republican 


Alexander McNeill, farmer, was a .son of 
Alexander and Nancy (Montgomery) Mc- 
Neill, and was born in Ireland March 10, 1808. 
The first twenty-six years of his life he spent 
in his native land. In 1834 he emigrated to 

America, l.nnding in l'hil;idcl]>hia. Thence, 
two months later, went to I'.-iris. llourbon coun- 
ty. Kentucky, where, u])on letters of introduc- 
tion from his uncles in the old country, he ob- 
tained a situation as clerk in a cotton establish- 
ment. .\fter a year he accepted a position as 
clerk in a dry goods store at Owensxille, Bath 
county, Kentucky, where he remained si.x years, 
then sold goods on his own account in the same 
town, having been saving and diligent during 
his seven years' clerkshi]), which enabled him 
to engage in business for himself. Owing to 
ill health, after about four years in mercantile 
liursuits. he bought a large farm in Batii coun- 
ty, Kentucky, and began farming, which has 
been his principal pursuit since. It is proper 
to here note the causes which induced his re- 
moval from Kentucky to Illinois. Soon after 
coming to America he became a Whig, then a 
Republican and the breaking out of the Civil 
war found him a Union man. Bath county, his 
home, was the constant scene of guerrilla war- 
fare, and men like Mr. McNeill lived in a state 
of constant jeopardy. In 1863 his home was 
in\aded by a party of fifteen men, whose en- 
mity Mr. McNeill had incurred by his out- 
spoken, patriotic sentiments. The inmates 
w-ere overpowered, Mr. McNeill shot three 
times in difTerent ]iarts of the body and left 
for dead. His wife was shot once through the 
feet, and the child in the nurse's arms had a 
bullet sent through its clothing. In ,conse- 
fpience of this and the intoleration of free 
speech, in i8(')4 he sold his farm of five hun- 
dred and sixty-six acres and came to Douglas 
county and located on the large farm where 
he afterward resided, then little develo])ed, but 
later linel}' improved, with large two-story resi- 
lience and surrounding adormnents. January 



30, 1844, he married Miss Minerva lies, of 
Bath county, Kentucky, an intelligent Chris- 
tian lady, to whose encouragement and frugal- 
ity Mr. McNeill largely attributed his success. 
Mr. and Mrs. McNeill were members of the 
Methodist church, and had the confidence and 
esteem of all who knew them. 


Kimball Glassco was born November 19, 
i<Sicj. in Hardin county, Kentucky, three 
miles from the birthplace of Lincoln. His fa- 
ther, Enoch Glassco, a farmer, moved to Coles 
county, Illinois, in 1828, and there died in 
1835 ; his wife was Rachel Carlton. The fam- 
ily of Enoch Glassco was the sixth that set- 
tled in Coles county, and located there while 
yet the Indians were quite numerous and wolves 
present by the thousand, and to reach a mill 
they had to go twenty-eight miles. Kimball 
Glassco had no school advantages for four 
years after coming t(_i Illinois ; then, with but 
few books, such as could be borrowed, he at- 
tended a subscription school and hoed corn to 
pay tuition. His clothing was one pair of 
shoes a year, made out of home-tannetl leather, 
buckskin pants and linsey shirt. When Kim- 
ball was si.xteen years old his father died; then 
he worked out by the month for three years 
to support the family, he Ijeing the eldest son 
at liDme. He then learned brickmaking and 
plastering, worked at contracting and building 
seventeen years in Charleston, then went into 
mercantile business in Charleston for four 
years, then went to .farming, owning one thou- 

sand acres of land. In 1862 he moved to 
Greencastle, Indiana, tij educate his children. 
His sons enlisting in the war of 1865, he re- 
turned to Douglas county, Illinois, and again 
engaged in farming. He was married Febru- 
ary I, 1844, to Margaret Reat; she died De- 
cember 26, 1880. His second wife was Hester 
Richards, formerly Hester Reat, sister of his 
first wife. Mr. Glassco was well accjuainted 
with the Lincoln family, and often went to the 
grist mill belonging to Tom Lincoln, the father 
of Abe. He knew Abe from the time he was 
three years old and sat on juries in cases Lin- 
coln was trying. Although Mr. Glassco was a 
life-long Democrat, he alwa}-s \-oted for Lin- 
coln when that lamented martyr was a candi- 
date for office. 


John N. Outcelt was born March 4, 1839, 
in Muskingum county, Ohio, his father, John, 
l)eing a farmer and a native of Pennsylvania. 
His grandfather, Jacob Outcelt, came to the 
United States from Scotland and settled in 
FJedford county. Pennsylvania. His mother 
was Mary McClain, of Bedford county, in tlie 
same state. He was the 3roungest child, and 
at sixteen left home, came to Illinois and for 
two years sold lightning rods and saved his 
earnings, with which he paid tuition and other 
expenses in attending school (ine vear in St. 
Louis. Up to the time of leaving home he 
had constantly attended school. After leaving 
the St. Louis school he sold tombstones for a 
St. Louis firm for three years, then worked 



on a farm cm I'ort llanisun prairie, iKirtli of 
Terre Haute, for a short time and in July, 1861, 
came to Douglas county. In February, 1862, 
lie went to St. Louis, enlisted in Company I, 
Iwrst Missouri Volunteer Infantry, and in 1864 
veteranized. I'ivc mcuilhs after veteranizing 
he went into Company F, Thirteenth Missruri 
Ca\alry, and in December, 1864, was promoted 
to a lieutenancy and assigned to Company L, 
same regiment. After the surrender of Lee 
Mr. Outcelt went on an Indian campaign into 
Colorado and New- Mexico. He received his 
fmal discharge from the service in June, 1866. 
\l the battle at Independence, Missouri, he, 
with four companions, une.xpectedly ran on 
to a masked battery of three cannons and eight 
or ten confederate soldiers, wdiich they suc- 
ceeded in capturing, being immediately re-en- 
forccd. iMir this service he was promoted. At 
the close of the war he returned to Douglas 
county and farmed three years. He then was 
appointed deputy county clerk, wdiich position 
he held up to 1880, and was then appointed 
clerk for a term of four years. He was former- 
ly a Democrat, but at the fall of Fort Sumter 
became a Republican. He was a Mason and a 
member of the Christian church. 


James R. Hamiuett, named for his father, 
W'hosc full history and plate is f)n another page, 
was burn in Camargo township, Douglas 
ciiunl}-. illiudis, December 26, A. D. 1870. 
He was ]irincip.illy educateil in the North- 
western University at Evanston, Illinois, where 

he remained three years. In 1897 he married 
Miss Conchita Kelley, of the state of Chi- 
huahua, Ale.xico. They ha\e two lovely ba- 
bies: Helen and I'lanche. Jimmie and his 
famil)- li\e ha])]iily in their beautifid home, 
which constitutes a part of the old homestead. 


Thomas S. W'yatt, e.x-sherifY of Douglas 
county, was born in Todd county, Kentucky, 
Jamiary 13, 1838. His father, Needham 
W'yatt, a blacksmith, was born in Tennessee. 
Thoiuas W'yatt, the father of Needham, was 
l)orn in North Carolina ; was a Revolutionary 
soldier, and was at the surrender of Lord Corn- 
wallis. The mother of Thomas S. Wyatt was 
Mrs. Martha A. (Mann) Wyatt, sister of Rev. 
\\'illiam W^. Mann, a prominent member of the 
Methodist church of Kentucky. Thoiuas S. 
W'yatt's early life was spent in his father's 
lilacksmith shop. He received but ten months' 
schooling, yet became a fair scholar through 
studious habits. At the age of nineteen years 
he l)egan lousiness for himself as a carpenter, 
which trade he followed for two years in 
Muhlenlnirg county, Kentucky; he next fol- 
lowed farming; then, in 1865, came to this 
county and built a blacksmith shop seven miles 
northeast of Camargo, which he conducted un- 
til 1880, when he was elected sheriff. In 1882 
he was re-elected by a majority of six hundred 
and fortv. He had ])reviously, while engaged 
in his trade, been a justice of the peace for nine 
years. In youth he united with the Methodist 
church; has been a class leader and Sunday 



school superintendent, and was licensed as a 
preacher in 1875, since when he has preached 
often. He organized a society in Jordan school- 
house, Camargo township, which society after- 
ward huilt a large church, wherein he preached 
his first sermon. He is a Mason and a Repul)- 
lican, and \oted for Abraham Lincoln in Ken- 
tucky. December 30, 1857, he married Cas- 
cinda Smith, of Muhlenburg county, Ken- 


James H. Howe was born June i, 1832, in 
Bourbon county, Kentucky. April 5, 1838, he 
came with his mother to Vermilion county, 
Illinois ; he was reared and educated in Ver- 
milion and Champaign counties. In his youth- 
ful days he traveled considerably, and, in 1854, 
came to Douglas county ; two years later he 
bought the Williams farm, which he improved 
and afterward sold. He was largely engaged 
in the live stock business, handling as high as 
one hundred thousand dollars in a year. In 
the spring of 1882 he was elected justice of the 
peace and was also highway commissioner. He 
was married in 1857 *« Eliza J. Lester, who 
was horn in Garrett township. 


John C. Barnes, physician and lumber deal- 
er, was born in Jefferson county, Indiana, Sep- 
tember 27, 1835. His grandfather, John, came 

from Cul])eper county, Virginia, to Indiana in 
1800. McGannon Barnes, father of John C, 
was born in Jefferson county, while his wife, 
Rebecca Pouts, was a native of Clark county, 
Indiana. John C. Barnes was the eldest in a 
family of ten children ; he was given a thorough 
educational training, attending first the com- 
mon schools, then Hanover Academy in Jeffer- 
son county, Indiana, and in 1855 graduated 
from Scott's Commercial College, Indianapolis. 
At twenty years of age he began for himself, 
clerking in a store and post office at Hanover 
four years. April 24, i860, he married Mrs. 
Elizabeth Coombs. After marriage he took 
a course of lectures at the Eclectic Medical In- 
stitute, Cincinnati. In 1866 he came to Doug- 
las county, first landing at the present site of 
Hindsboro, then a waste prairie, but went 
direct to Coles county; after a year there he 
bought a farm three miles west of Hindsboro, 
which he improved and superintended in con- 
nection with his practice of medicine until 1883, 
when he sold out, came to Hindsboro and en- 
gaged in keeping a lumber yard in connection 
with his practice. He is a member of the Ma-, 
sonic lodge, of Areola, and Odd Fellows lodge. 
No. 571, of Hindsboro. Politically, he is a 
Democrat and in 1882 was candidate for Con- 
gress on the Greenback ticket; he was a mem- 
ber of the convention at Indianapolis that nom- 
inated Benjamin F. Butler for president in 
1884. He stands high socially and is one in 
whose opinions the community has great con- 
fidence. His charity and generosity are marked 
traits of his character. Mrs. Barnes was born 
and reared in Clark county, Indiana, and is a 
daughter of Absalom and Nancy Bower. Her 
grandfatJier, .Adam, was born on the ocean while 
his parents were enroute for America from 



Germany in 1754. Her father came to Indiana 
from North Carohna w itli ]iis parents in 1806. 
Mrs. Barnes was eihicatecl at tlic seminary atr 
Washington. Indiana, and remained at home 
until her marriage to Jesse Coomlis. a farmer of 
Clark county. Indiana, who died Decemher S, 
1S53. After the death of iiushand she at- 
tended and taught school until 1855, when she 
hegan the study of medicine for which, from 
early childhood, she had a natural inclination 
and talent. After ])reparatory study in the of- 
fice of Dr. Joseph Hosteller, she attended lec- 
tures at and graduated from the Eclectic Medi- 
cal Institute of Cincinnati in 1857. then settled 
in Clark county, where she practiced till her 
marriage to Dr. Barnes. Since coming to Illi- 
nois she lias constantly practiced until quite 
recentl}- and has an eminent standing profes- 
siiinally and socially. 


James S. Reeder was horn March 4. 1840, 
in Darke county. Ohio, and came with liis 
l)arents in 1856 to this locality, where he en- 
gaged in farming. He enlisted August. 1862. 
in Company G. Seventy-ninth Illinois Infantry, 
and served three years. At the hattle of Stone 
River. Decemher 31, 1862, he was wounded 
and taken ])risoner: after being in the enemy's 
lines twenty-seven days he was exchanged, and 
jjarticipated in the battles of Liberty Gap and 
Chickamauga : at the latter, September 19, 
1863, he was captinxd and taken to Richmcmd 
prison, thence to .Ander.sonville, Charle.ston, 
South Carolina, and Florence, making .seven- 

teen nicinths in all s])ent in prison. At the close 
of the war he returned and engaged in farm- 
ing. He was married December 2, 1865, to 
I\Iary M. Kell_\'. who was born in \\ inchester, 
Indiana. He resides in .Arthur. 

J. R. RIGXEY, M. D. 

J. B. Rigney, M. D., was born in Paoli, Or- 
ange county, Indiana, and is the son of AVill- 
iam H. Rigney. who held the offices of sheriff, 
treasurer and collector. At about the age of 
si.xteen he. with his family, moved to Terre 
Haute. Indiana, and for three years resided on 
a farm. Finding rural pursuits distasteful, he 
turned his attention to medicine. He com- 
inenced his studies under Dr. James H. Sher- 
wood and continued with him for three years, 
when he went to Chicago and attended the 
Rush Medical College, from wdiich he gradu- 
ated in 1863. He then enlisted as ho.spital 
steward, serving until January, 1866, when he 
returned and practiced medicine eleven miles 
south of Terre Haute, and in 1867 came to 
Arthur, where he has since resided. In 1868 
he married Miss Ora F. McDonald, of Mat- 


John W'hitaker was born in \'igo county. 
Iniliana, March 12. 1833. and is the son of 
William and I'".lizal)eth (Taylor) Whitaker, 
who were nati\cs of Kentuckv. His father was 



burn in 1803 and died in 1846. John Wiiitaker 
came to Douglas county in 1856, located on 
section 13, Bourbon township, where he bought 
a farm of eighty acres, on which he lived five 
years ; this property he then sold and purchased 
eighty acres later on. At present he owns in all 
two hundred and forty acres ; this' farm he has 
improved with buildings at a cost of about two 
thousand dollars. He has been township com- 
missioner for about five years. In i860 he 
married Hannah Davis, who was born in Vigo 
county, Indiana. She died and he subsequently 
married Mrs. Yeager, of Areola. In 1898 they 
commenced the construction of the Douglas 
hotel and on April 19, 1899. it was swung open 
to the general pul;)lic. This hotel is by far the 
l)est in every way of all other public inns in the 


William B. Chandler, a well-known stock 
l)uyer of the county and a resident of Bourbon 
township, was born in Douglas county, Illinois, 
March 6, 1852. He is a son of Lemuel 
Chandler (for the ancestry of the family, see 
sketch.) When yet a boy, William B. Chand- 
ler entered the Uni\-ersity of Illinois at Cham- 
paign and was graduated therefrom with a de- 
gree of B. S. in the class of 1876. In 1885 he 
served in the capacity of clerk to the Indian 
commission at Yankton and continued in this 
capacity for four years. He then went to 
Puelilo, Colorado, where he engaged success- 
fully in the practice of law for three years. On 
account of the sickness of his father and busi- 
ness interests at home, he returned in 1892, 

since which time he has been quite extensively 
engaged in farming and stock buying. 

In 1883 Mr. Chandler was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Belle Augusta Bailey, of Tus- 
cola. They have no children. Our subject is 
a Democrat in politics and the only office he 
ever held was that of town clerk of Bourbon 
township soon after he reached the age of man- 
hood. Mr. Chandler is well and favorably 
known throughout the county, is a man of good 
business ability and devoted ti/ the highest and 
Ijcst interests of Douglas countians. 

\Y. D. REED. 

W. D. Reed, the assessor of Bowdre town- 
ship, was Ijorn on the okl Reed homestead in 
the same township March 14, 1852, and is a son 
of the gallant B. Frank Reed, who fell at the 
battle of Chickamauga, and for whom the G. 
A. R. Post at Tuscola is named, and whose 
portrait adorns this page. He was born in 
Bourbon county, Kentucky, and emigrated 
with his father, Daniel, to Edgar county, wdien 
he was but eight years old. Daniel Reed 
founded the old tavern or road house at Hick- 
ory Grove between Newman and Indianola. 
He volunteered in the Civil war and became 
captain of Company D, First Illinois Regiment. 
He was united in marriage to Catherine, a 
daughter of William Barnett, who lived in 
Camargo and was one of the early settlers. 

\\'. D. Reed has been assessor of Bowdre 
township continuously for five years. He was 
married in 1874 to Ida L., a daughter of J. 
H. Bagley. They ha\-e had five children, of 



whom \\'ar(l, Clark. Fred and Mary are liv- 
ing, and Mand is dead. Mr. Recti is a stanch 
Denmcrat in politics, as was alst) his father, 
C'aptain Reed. 

WlI.I.l A^l RRIAX. Sr, 

William Rrian. Sr.. was horn May 6, 1806, 
ip Ross county. Ohio, and in 1837 he came 
to Coles, now Douglas, county ; he entered ahout 
one thousand acres of land when coming here, 
and has owned as high as three thousand acres. 
He had learned the blacksmith's trade in Ohio, 
and followed it ahout twenty years here. On 
one occasion, when shoeing a Methodist preach- 
er's horse, he nailed the shoes on with the toe- 
corks behind. The preacher remonstrated with 
him for doing so ; his reply was, "The devil 
takes after these Methodist preachers, and I 
thought I would make him take the back track."' 
He was married October i, 1829. to Anna 
Lewis, who was born in Pike county, Ohio, 
May 4. 1805. They had nine children, six of 
whom are here named: Thomas. James, Mary 
(wife of R. E. H. Westfall), William T.. Tay- 
lor W. and Samuel. His death occurred a few 
years since. 


John W. King,' of Newman, who has for 
several years lieen ])rominent in the politics of 
the county, and ;U jiresent is associated with tlie 
Newman bank, was born in P>oin-bon cnuntv, 
Kentucky, October 13. 1841. He is a son of 

David .\. and Jane Elizabeth ( .Mitchell) King, 
who were nati\es of Clark and Montgomery 
counties, Kentuck}-, respectively. His father, 
who was born in 1818, followed the occupa- 
tion of farming, removed from Kentucky to 
Champaign county, Illinois, in 1855, '"^"'l there 
his death occiu'red in 1896. His mother died 
in 1882, aged fifty 3'ears. His paternal grand- 
father, Robert Cass King, was a native of Vir- 
ginia, and his maternal grandfather, John W. 
Mitchell, was also born in Virginia, in Culpeper 

John W. King was reared on his father's 
farm and attended the public schools of the 
neighborhood. In 1862 he joined Company 
G, Seventy-second Illinois Volunteers, as 
a private, and served three years and 
four months, part of the time as a 
ntJii-commissioned officer. .\fter the war 
he entered the state normal school, where he 
remained for three years. Leaving there he at- 
tended Bryant & Stratton's Business College'at 
Chicago, where he remained one year. He 
then taught school for some years in Cham- 
paign county, wdien, in 1872, he came to New- 
man, and for three years held the principalshij) 
of the Newman schools. In 1875 he was elect- 
ed to the office of county superintendent to 
fill a vacancy, which he held up to the next gen- 
eral election in 1877, when he was re-elected 
and .served up till 1S81. In April of the latter 
year he resigned to accept the appointment of 
postmaster of Newman, which position he held 
under the administrations of both Garfield and 
Arthur. .\t the expiration of his term he ac- 
cepted the position of bookkeeper in the New- 
ni;in I 'auk. which position he held up till 1S90. 
In _\'ear he was elected county clerk, and 
was re-elected in 1894, serving in that oftice 



up until 1898. when he re-entered tlie Newman 
Bank. In 1872 Mr. King was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Kate C. Fry, of near Cham- 
paign. They have five children : Blanche, Earl 
G., Katie \V., Roscoe \V. and Harry T. Mr. 
King has been collector of Newman township 
some four or five terms ; is a member of nearly 
all the secret societies, is trustee of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church at Newman, and a 
stanch Republican in politics. Both as a soldier, 
officer and citizen Mr. King has been faith- 
ful in the discharge of his regular duties and 
the performance of any special work assigned 
to him. 


Thomas W. Roberts, the bright young law- 
yer of Tuscola, attorney for the I. D. & W. 
R. R. Co. and city attorney, has from the hum- 
ble walks of life pressed his way to the front 
and to-day stands among the leading and most 
successful lawyers at the bar. 

Thomas \V. Roberts was born in Owens- 
burg, Green county, Indiana, May i, 1866. and 
soon thereafter came with his parents to Doug- 
las county, and located at Camargo, where 
young Robert attended school until sixteen 
years of age. In 1882 his father removed to 
Tuscola, and there the young man learned the 
tinner's trade. But that was only a means to 
an end, and in 1886 he was appointed to a clerk- 
ship in the treasury department at Washington, 
where he worked day time and attended school 
at night, and for four years continued in the 
preparatory department of Georgetown Univer- 
sity, after which he took a four-years' course 
in the law department of the same institution 


and was graduated in 1892. Mr. Roberts was 
at once admitted to the bar of Illinois, and en- 
tered upon his chosen profession, becoming the 
partner of the late C. W. Woolverton (see 
sketch), with whom he continued until the 
death of his associate in 1895, since which time 
Mr. Roberts has continued in the practice alone. 
He is attorney for the I. D. & W. R. R. Co. 
in Illinois, attorney for the Corn Belt Building 
& Loan Association, attorney for the bank of 
Baughman, Bragg &«Co. and this along with 
his other practice makes him a very busy man. 

Mr. Roberts is a son of Henry Clay and 
Anna Elizabeth (Sleet) Roberts, both natives 
of Kentucky. Henry Clay Roberts came to 
Douglas county in 1870, and here resided for 
some years ; later he removed to South Dakota, 
where he at present lives. He was a member 
of the Ninety-seventh Regiment, Indiana, in the 
Civil war, volunteered in 1861, and was mus- 
tered out in 1865. Thomas Roberts (grand- 
father) was one of the early Virginia settlers 
in Boone county, Kentucky, as was his grand- 
father Sleet. 

In June, 1888, Mr. Roberts wedded Mrs. 
Jennie Sharp, a daughter of R. H. B. Madison, 
of Tuscola. Two children have blessed their 
union : Irene Elizabeth and Ralph Henry. In 
Masonry he is a Knight Templar, a stanch 
Democrat in politics, and is popular and influ- 
ential in the county. 


Washington David Boyce was born at the 
foot of Blue Ridge near Leesburg, Lee county, 
Virginia, in the year A. D. 1802 and died in 



Caniargo townsliip in February, 1882. He 
was among tlie first settlers in that township, 
where he entered forty acres of land. He es- 
tablislied the first blacksmith shop at the vd- 

lage of -Mbany. 


Robert AIcKaig is one of the pioneer set- 
tlers of Tuscola township, who came in 1857. 
He and his wife are members of the Presby- 
terian church and highly respected in their 


We copy from a recent issue of the Tus- 
cola Review : 

"J. T. Butler, of this city, secretary and 
manager of the Corn Belt National & Loan 
Association, had recei\C(l intelligence from his 
brother in California, that he had struck a gold 
mine of unparalleled richness, and that our fel- 
low citizen was a half owner in the new won- 

"The editor knowing that Mr. Butler was 
a man who shunned notoriety and would be 
loth tf) give out information that would bring 
him into such ])roniinence as an article of this 
kind necessarily will, approached him on the 
subject. He was at first disinclined to talk on 
the subject, but learning that it had become 
generally known throughout the city, he con- 
sented to make a statement, in order that the 
public might get the facts and facts only. As 

Mr. Butler is a man of unimpeachable character 
and known to be a truthful and conser\ative 
man, we have the fullest confidence in his state- 
ment . 

"The following facts have been given us 
by Mr. Butler, and his host of friends in this 
city are happy to know that he has suddenly 
become, or will soon become, the wealthiest 
man not only in Tuscola, but probably in the 
state of Illinois. 

"He states that he has a brtjther. Dr. Thom- 
as Butler, a prominent and reputable physician 
of San Diego, who has been in the gold regions 
of that and other states for thirteen years, and 
who has always prospected more or less. About 
three months ago his brother visited the great 
Dewey mine in what is known as the "Grape- 
vine" district, sixty miles east of San Diego. 
This range of mountains is probably a spur of 
the San Barnadino range and are called the 
Vulcan mountains. The Dewey mine is a late 
discovery and was recently capitalized at one 
million dollars. It is regarded as a wonder." 


William T. Brian, one of the old and favor- 
ably known citizens and a member of one of the 
])ioneer families of the county, was born in 
1845 in Douglas county, and is a son of Will- 
iam and Anna Lewis Brian, who were born in 
the same county. William Brian (father) lo- 
cated in what is known now as the Brian neigh- 
borhood in about the year 1843, where he en- 
tered a large tract of land at one dollar and 
twenty-five cents an acre, and adding to that 



later considerably more at thirteen dollars per 
acre. At the time of his death, in 1888, at 
the age of eighty-one years, he was one of the 
biggest land owners in the count3^ Lewis 
Brian was his paternal grandfather. His ma- 
ternal grantl father, John Lewis, settled in the 
same neighborhood, from Ohio, in an early day 
antl is buried at the Hickory Withe cemetery. 
William T. Brian was married in 1868 to 
Miss Sarah Bundy, a daughter of Caleb Bundy. 
The latter was born in North Carolina and set- 
tled early in Douglas county, three miles north 
and one-half mile west of Tuscola. Mr. and 
Mrs. Brian have one child, a daughter, Ellanor, 
who is the wife of John Lathrop. Mr. Brian 
owns at present eight hundred and sixty-two 
acres of land, lying in one body, and is one of 
the biggest tax payers in the county. He is a 
stanch free-silver Democrat and is universally 
respected by all who know him. 


Oliver H. Parker, grain buyer at Hayes 
and Humboldt, and a son of Lines L. Par!:cr, 
of Bowdre township, was born in Vermilion 
county, Illinois, in the year A. D. i860. He 
resides with his family in Tuscola. In 1881 
he was married to Miss Angle Wallace, a 
daughter of Joseph and Mary Ann (Breezley) 
Wallace. Joseph Wallace was a pioneer set- 
tler in Bowdre townshii). To Mr. and Mrs. 
Parker were l)orn four children: Burt I., 
Fred Earle, Minnie Pearle and Everett 
Dewey. Mr. Parker is one of the substantial 
business men of the county. 


Thomas Cruzan was born in Douglas 
county January 15, 1836, and is a son of the 
two oldest citizens now living in the county 
who were born in it. He is a son of Robert 
Cruzan and Jane Crawford, who settled earlv 
in the Brown neighborhood, coming from In 
diana. Our subject owns two hundred and 
lortv acres of land. 


Among the oldest residents of Douglas 
county, is Caleb Garrett, of Tuscola. His an- 
cestors early matle their home in America, his 
father's great-grandfather. John Garrett by 
name, and an Englishman by birth, having set- 
tled in Virginia. He had a son, John Garrett, 
and a grandson. Welcome Garrett, who was the 
grandfather of the subject of our sketch. Wel- 
come Garrett was born in \'irginia, and when a 
3'oung man moved to Surr}- county. North Car- 
olina. He served in Tennessee during the In- 
dian wars prior to the Rexolution. He mar- 
ried Phoebe Sumner, a Pennsylvanian by birth. 
The Garretts were a strong, vigorous race of 
men. Joshua Garrett, a brother to Welcome, 
was killed at the battle of Brandywine, during 
the Re\olutionary war. Lewis, another broth- 
er, was shot by the Tories liefore enlisting. 
William was with Marion in South Carolina 
through the war, and after the conclusion of the 
struggle died of disease contracted in the ser- 
vice. This William Garrett was a man of pow- 



erful l)uil(l and of great strength. He weiglied 
two luindred and forty pounds, and was called 
the strongest man in the state of North Caro- 

Welcome Garrett became a member of the 
society t)f Friends. In 1824 he moved to Wayne 
county. Indiana. lie died in Hamilton county 
of that state, at the age of eighty-four. Isom 
(jarrctt. Caleb Garrett's father, and the son of 
Welcome Garrett was born in Surry county, 
North Carolina, in 1796. In 1814 he married 
Mary I'uckett. and the same year moverl to 
Clermont county, Ohio, .\fter a resideuce 
tliere of a year he went to Clinton county, Ohio. 
where his son Caleb was born. In 1819 he 
moved to Randolph county, Indiana, and in 
1823 to Vigo county of the same state, where 
he lived till his removal to Illinois, with the ex- 
ception of part of the year 1839, when he resid- 
ed in Texas. 

The date of Caleb Garrett's birth, in Clinton 
county. Ohio, was the i6th of July, 181 6. He 
was conseciuently seven years old when the 
family moved to Vigo county, Indiana, in the 
vicinity of Terre Haute. His early opportuni- 
ties for securing an education were very limit- 
ed. One of the schools which he attended was 
about three miles and a half from his father's 
residence near Honey Creek bridge. Here 
school was sometimes kept for three months in 
the year, an unusually long period at that day. 
Another school was afterward established near- 
er home under the care of Joel Butler, of the 
state of New York, which for a time afforded 
excellent advantages. The next school he at- 
tended was taught by one Joel Thayer, an ex- 
cellent teacher, but so confirmed and inebriate 
that the children soon discontinued attendance 

on his instruction. His father was a man of 
considerable education, and under his care he 
learned rapidly. .According to Isom Garrett, 
his father, tjbedience to his parents was one of 
his marked tr;iits. His ninthcr died in 1830, 
and for a period of nine years succeeding this 
event, the father and the sons, Caleb and 
Nathan, kept house for them.seh'es, and did 
their own ctx)king, besides attending to their 
usual occupations. During part of this period 
Mr. Garrett was in the employment of Chaun- 
cey Rose, of Terre Haute, and now one of the 
wealthiest and most liberal citizens of Indiana. 
He drove an o.x team for Lucius H. Scott, now 
of Philadelphia. He dropped corn for twenty- 
five cents a day, and split rails at from twenty- 
fi\'e to thirty cents a huntlred, averaging one 
hundred and fifty for a usual day's work. For 
a long time he worked for a wealthy Scotch- 
man, William Walker, at six dollars a month. 
At twenty-one he was probably the strongest 
man in all the country round. Although full 
of life, he had no intemperate habits. He was 
a favorite in the community. "He could do as 
big day's work as anyone," says his father, 
"and at a country frolic could play a tune on 
the fiddle second to none." 

In the period from 1834 to 1839 he made 
several trips down the river on a flat boat, and 
thus became well acquainted with the Ohio and 
Mississippi rivers. The greater part of one 
winter he remained in New Orleans. On a re- 
turn trip at one time with Captain Shallcross, 
of Louisville, he was stuck in the ice near Pa- 
ducah, Kentucky, and the men were reduced 
to two crackers a day. On this same trip, in 
coming home, he walked from Evansville to 
Terre Haute through snow eighteen inches in 



depth Out of the forty boatmen who started 
at the same time, only Mr. Garrett and a com- 
panion succeeded in going through, the otliers 
falling behind and giving it up before they had 
gone far. 

In 1840, on the day succeeding the exciting 
presidential campaign of that year in which Mr. 
Garratt voted for General William Henry Har- 
rison, he took a steamer for New Orleans on 
his way to Texas. The steamer stuck fast in 
the rapids below Terre Haute, the pilot became 
intoxicated, and Mr. Garrett, in company with 
two other young men bound for points south, 
procured a rough spring wagon in which they 
journeyed from Mt. Carmel to E\-ansville on 
the Ohio river, when the three took a steamer 
and continued their voyage. One of his com- 
panions left him to go up to the Cuinberland 
and the other up the Tennessee river. At 
New Orleans he secured a passage on a steam- 
ship for Galveston, Texas. When out on the 
Gulf of Mexico the vessel encountered a ter- 
rific gale, and for seventy-two hours the 
ship and crew were in danger of going to the 
bottom. At Galveston a steamer was taken 
for Houston. But the steamer stuck fast 
on the bar, and for a day or two the passengers 
had time to amuse themselves by fishing in the 
shallow water for oysters. Mr. Garrett was 
aiming to make his way first to Independence, 
in Washington, county. To this point he trav- 
eled on foot, with the exception of thirty or 
forty miles before reaching the town, when he 
had opportunity of riding. At Independence 
he obtained a mustang pony, and continued his 
journey to Austin City. The route led two 
hundred miles through a frontier country in- 
habited by hostile Indians, At Austin City, on 

his arrival, the Congress of the Republic of 
Texas was in session. Texas had then achieved 
its independence from Mexico, and formed a 
separate republic, of which Lamar was presi- 
dent. Sam Houston was one of the prominent 
members of the Congress. Mr. Garrett re- 
mained several weeks in that section of the 
country, and was frequently in attendance on 
the sessions of the Congress, on one of which 
occasions he heard Houston deliver his speech 
on sectionizing and selling the lands of the 
Cherokee Indians. Mainly for the purpose of 
seeing the country, he joined a surveying party, 
and was absent for .some time on the exposed 
frontier. On his return a company was organ- 
ized for a buffalo hunt and general exploring 
expedition, which Mr. Garrett joined, still ani- 
mated by a desire to see something further of 
frontier life before he should leave Texas. The 
partv consisted of nine men and two boys. They 
were attacketl by a party of Indians, between 
thirty and fifty in number. The horse of a 
young man named Osburn was shot under him, 
the rider having received a spear wound in the 
back. The unfortunate man, after being 
knocked insensible with his own gun by the In- 
dians, was scalped within sight of the remain- 
der of the party, and left for dead on the field. 
He was afterward rescued, anrl finally recov- 
ered from his wound. The whole party effect- 
ed their escape to a block-house. 

Mr. Garrett's visit to Texas had for its end 
an object different from any yet described in a 
record of these incidents. On the 20th of De- 
cember, 1840, he had been married to Irene 
Puckett, a native of Vigo county, Indiana, but 
who at that time resided on the Colorado river, 
twelve miles below Austin City. He had pre- 



viiHisly heeii acf|ii:iinte(l with licr in Indi.'ina. 
Ill l''et)ni:irv. 1S41. he. witli his wil'i-. set mit nn 
l^is reluni hniiie. In I'l iin]i:iii\- willi three (if 
Imii" iithei"s tliey juiinieved h\' an u\ team in 
HoustDU. wliere ihey took a sleaiiier, and ran 
down tlie l^>iiftalo liayou. and thence across the 
l)ay wliere tlie vessel struck an old slii]) anchor, 
tore ot't ])art ot' the plankiniL;". and was in dani^er 
of sinkiny^. Reinainint;' some da\s in (lalves- 
ton. they took passage on the steamer New 
York for New Orleans, h'roni here they pro- 
ceeded up the Mi.ssissippi and ( )hio to Evans- 
villc. Indiana, and there took stage for Terre 
Haute, at which ])Iace they arri\ed on the 5th 
of March. 1841. 

Mr. Garrett now engaged in fanning and 
stock raising, at first renting a farm five miles 
south of Terre Haute. He was soon called up- 
on, howexer. to discharge other duties. In Aug- 
ust, 1842. he was chosen to represent the coun- 
ty of Vigo in the Indiana Legislature. He took 
his scat in I )ecemher. i84_', and served the fol- 
lowing winter. The next year he was re-elect- 
ed, and served another session, performing his 
duties with credit to himself and satisfaction 
to his constituents. He was only twenty-si.x at 
the time of his first election. Like his father he- 
fore him. Mr. Garrett was a Whig, and it was 
as a candidate of the Whig party that he was 
elected to the Indiana Legislature. At the con- 
clusion of his second term of office he declined 
a re-election, and devoted himself more assid- 
uously than e\er to fariuing and stock raising. 
He hought a small farm si.x miles south of Ter- 
re Haute, hut sold it after making im])rij\e- 
ments upon it. He continued to reside in In- 
diana till 1849. His business operations were 
attended with success. He desired to invest his 

sur])lus funds in new land, and in consequence 
resoKed to settle in Illinois. 

lie had \isited Illinois in com])an\' with 
three others in the f;dl of i8_^3. lie tra\ersed 
the state from Ldgar county to the Mississippi, 
])assing through Sadorus (jrove, Si)ringfield 
and Bcardstown, to Ouincy. His course was 
then nj) llie river for a consiclerahle distance, 
when, leaving it. he joinneyed southeast to the 
Illinois, and thence through Springfield hy the 
old Springfield trace, across the Okaw, through 
what is now Douglas county by the Wayne 
stand, to Paris in Edgar county, and thence to 
Terre Haute. There were no settlements on 
the route tra\-eled through I)ouglas county ex- 
cept at the -Shaw stand. 

■.\hout 1846 Mr. Garrett bought one hun- 
dred and sixty acres of land near William 
Brian's in what is now Douglas county. The 
next spring he caiue out with an ox team and 
began impro\ing it. in 1849 '""^ removed with 
his family to Douglas county for the purpose of 
making a permanent residence. He had pre- 
viously been accustomed to driving cattle from 
Indiana, and herding them in Douglas county. 
He located on section three, of township fifteen, 
range .seven. He devoted his whole attention 
to farming and stock raising. In 1856 he and 
his wife revisited Texas. They were absent 
about three months, during which they traveled 
extensively over the northeastern part of the 
state. His farm of eight hundred and sixty 
acres, on wliich he lived till recently, was sold 
in May, 1875. He now resides in Tuscola, 
For two or three years following 1868 he was 
in the grocery business at Tuscola in partner- 
ship with Mr. John M. Maris. 

Mr. (iarrett served on the first grand jury 



tliat ever convened in Douglas county. In 1854 
he was elected justice of the peace and held that 
office until his resignation. On the organiza- 
tion of the county into townships, Mr. Gar- 
rett was chosen a memher of the board of super- 
visors from Garrett township. His public 
trusts he has discharged with fidelity, and few 
citizens of the county have gained a larger 
share of the popular esteem. 


William H. Fulton located in the village 
of Camargo in 1852, began merchandising in 
a small way, and is now the oldest merchant 
in active business in the county. He was born 
at Clinton, Indiana, August 17, 1827, and is 
one of the well-known and respectable citizens 
of the village. 


James Gillogly, dry goods and general mer- 
chant at Newman, is a native of Pennsylvania, 
where he was reared on a farm and accpiired a 
common school education. He followed farm- 
ing in Pennsylvania and Illinois until the war, 
when he enlisted in Company D, Twenty-first 
Regiment Illinois Infantry, under General 
then Colonel) Grant. He was wounded at 
the battle of Stone River, Tennessee, having a 
leg broken, and was discharged soon after. 
He then engaged in merchandising at Jackson- 
ville, Ryerson's Station and Ninevah, Penn- 
sylvania, thence coming to Illinois and locating 
at Newman, where he has since been engaged 

ill his present business. Mr. Gillogly occupies 
a fine brick st(3re room, 30x70 feet, centrally 
located and well stocked with the best goods, 
and is doing a Inisiness of twenty-five thou- 
sand to thirty thousand dollars yearly. He was 
married to Miss H. L. Atkinson, and six chil- 
dren have blessed their union: J. C, H. B., 
Emma J., Lotta, Benton (deceased), and Lewis 
(deceased). Mr. and Airs. Gillogly are mem- 
bers of the Cumberland Presbyterian church, 
and he belongs to the Alasonic fraternity and 
the I. O. O. F. 


A. Taylor, real estate dealer at Newman 
and a man universally popular anil esteemed 
by everybody around Newman, was born in 
Tippecanoe county, Indiana, April 8, 1836, 
where he was reared and educated. He has 
been a resident in Xewiuan since 1876 and has 
negotiated many important real estate deals 
in Douglas and adjoining counties. In 1856 
he w-edded Miss Alice Beezley, of Indiana. 
They had three children : A. A. ; Charley, who 
is the present census enumerator of Newman 
township, and Belle. They are highly re- 
spected and counted among Newman's best 


William H. Hall, one of the oldest mer- 
chants in the county, was born in Bourbon 
county, Kentucky, September i, 1831, and 



was the only son (if William and Elizabeth Mrs. TIall. In 1865 Mr. Hall engaged in the 

(Hooe) Ilall. natives of Kentucky and Vir- harness business and later engaged in general 

ginia respectfully. In 1X^7 the family came merchandising. lie is still engaged in the 

and settled in the neighborluMMl of Brushy same business and is a thorough gentleman of 

I'ork and for two years lived in the family of the old school, whose religion consists in doing 

General Robert Matson, who was a cousin of good to himself and his friends and neighbors. 









CHAPTER I.— Early Settle- 
ment OF THE County 7 

Cabin, The 18 

Farm, The 19 

Indian, The 11 

Inhabitants, Original 7 

Life on the Prairie 17 

Markets 20 

Mills 20 

Mound Builders 7 

Natural Resources ... Hi 

Pioneers, The 12 

Prairie Travel 21 

CHAPTER II. - Historical 

Sketch of County 25 

Agriculture 40 

Assessor, First 82 

Circuit Clerk, First 81 

Circuit Court, First 38 

County Clerk, First 31 

County Judge, First 81 

County Seat 82 

Court, First meeting of County. . 82 

Court House, The 33 

Geology 88 

Ofificials, County, from organiza- 
tion to date 84 

Organization, Act of 27 

Organization, Supplementary Bill 30 

Origin 26 

Railroad, Danville, Tuscsia &• 

Western 44 

Railroad Indebtedness Assumed.. 44 

Railroad, Illinois Central 42 

Railroad, Indianapolis, Decatur & 

Western 43 

Railroad, Toledo S; St. Louis 44 

Railway, Illinois Midland 44 

Recorder, First 81 

Sheriff, First 81 

Surveyor, First 82 

Surveys, System of 85 

Swamp Lands '. 89 

Topography 88 

Treasurer, First .32 

CHAPTER III. -Military 

Record 47 

Cavalry, Thirteenth 64 

Company, First full 49 

Infantry, Twenty-first 49 

Infantry, Twenty-fifth 52 


Infantry, Fifty-fourth 54 

Infantry, Seventy-ninth 57 

Iiifantry.One Hundred and Thirty- 
fifth 62 

Infantry, One Hundred and Fifty- 
ninth 63 

Public Sentiment and Civil Action 47 

CHAPTER IV.— Township His- 
torical Sketches 69 

Areola City 109 

Areola Township 107 

Atwood \illage 86 

Bourbon Township 73 

Bowdre Township 77 

Camargo City 72 

Camargo Town.ship ... 69 

Garrett Township 80 

Hindsboro Village 79 

Murdock Township 91 

Murdock Village 92 

Newman City 116 

Newman Township 113 

.Sargent Township 88 

Tuscola City.... 109 

Tuscola Township 93 



Armstrong, Archie A 270 

Ashurst, Joseph 240 

Atto, Daniel 185 

Atwell, William E 281 

Avery, J. L 273 


Bailey, Capt. David 244 

Baker, S. H 141 

Barnes, John C 285 

Barr, James 181 

Bartholomew, Michael D 136 

Bassett, J. H 264 


Bassett, W. H 263 

Beggs, Jesse R 280 

Black, Robert M 286 

Blaine, Walter C 259 

Boyce, Washington David 289 

Boyd, W. P 166 

Boyer, J. W 273 

Brian. William, Sr 288 

Brian, William T 290 

Bright, Coleman 277 

Brock , George W 230 

Brown, |udge John 233 

Hurgett,Carl S 214 

-Burgett, I. W 284 

Burgett, Scott 209 

Burtnett, William H., M. D 183 


Butler, J. T 290 

Bush, William H 179 


Cahill, Eli F 142 

Callaway, George 264 

Calvin, Edward' W 228 

Campbell, Allan 227 

Carnahan, Clarence H 217 

Chadwick John H 147 

Chandler, Lemuel 157 

Chandler, William B 287 

Conover, Daniel A 221 

Cooper, David 128 

Covert, 1. N 215 




Coykcml.ill, 1). K Hi") 

Cradilick, riiDnias 251 

Cruzan, Tliomas 291 

Culbertson, Charles M 220 


I )t'ViT, I'rank C 177 

1 )rake. Israel A 147 

Drew, Jaiiu's 204 


Kplilin, lacoh 2(i3 

Kplilin, Mrs. Jacob 2fi;i 

Ervin, Samiiel 25i( 

Fidler, Albert F 24fi 

Fidler, Levi 246 

Finney, E. C 1()4 

Finney, Joseph H liry 

Fisher, \\iniani H 274 

Foster, K. S 132 

Fry. William H.. ];i4 

Fulton, William H 2i1,'') 

Garrett, Caleb 200 

Garrett, Caleb 201 

Gere, Hen jamin W 1!)0 

Gill, Harrison 2.58 

Gill, .Shiloah ].'.'. 257 

Gillof;ly, James 29V 

Glassco, Kimball 2S8 

Goff, John L 251 

Goodspeed, lames M 170 

Grei^nman, Anson H 137 

Greve, C. U 237 


Hall, William H 295 

HaMiinett, Frank W 2-52 

Hammett, James R 1,53 

Hamiiiett, James K 2H4 

Hanimett, Richard Clyde KiH 

Hammett, William S 27(> 

Hance, Alexander 239 

Hancock, James W 1.59 

Hancock, W. H 252 

Hapke, Adolph 1X2 

Hawkins, Charles A 2H2 

Hawkins, John IHl 

Hawkins, J. ,\I 183 

Hawkins, .Samuel 171; 

Haywani, A 210 

Heaton, James P . . 121 

Healon, William 197 

Henson, ( leor^e W 251 

Henson, .Stephen S 277 

Hockett, Oliver O 224 

Hopkins, Samuel L 267 

Hostetler, John C 250 


Howard, W. Avery 277 

Howe, lames H 285 

Howe, William 2<l2 

Hunt.Oliver T 194 


lies, William 148 

Irw in, John T 125 


Jeffers, Enimor W 248 

Jeffers,' George C 272 

Jenne, Charles F 186 

Jones, Henry C 2.56 

Jones, James 133 

Jones, John J 262 

Jones, Maiden 225 

Jones, Owen E 242 

Jordan, John V 173 


Kincaid, James A 135 

King, John W 288 


Lester, Segler H 268 

Lindsey, John 127 

Logan, Samuel H 271 

Long, Stroder M 198 

Loose, Frank E 122 

Lowry, John 1 59 

Lyria, \. C 174 


McCarty, Francis A 231 

McGee, J. Park, M. 1) t... 185 

McGown. J. A 241 

McKaig, Robert 290 

McKinney, John W 266 

McMasters, Charles L 126 

McNeer, V C 218 

McNeill, Alexander 282 

Madison, John M 242 

Magner, D. N 143 

Martin, Rev. J. V 274 

Martin, W. S., M. D 138 

Means, Rev. William E 123 

Milligan, Robert E 191 

Monahan, P. H 259 

Monroe, N. .S 278 

Moore, AbramH 184 

Moore, Edw. McC 184 

Moore, George 269 

Moore, Jacob 279 

Moore, Jacob R 229 

Moore, Morris L 185 

Moore, William T 189 

Morrow, James 151 

Moser, George H 241 

Mulliken, Ira M 253 


Mulliken, James W 253 

Murdock, |udge John D 145 

.Murphy, Wiliam F 152 

Myers, O. \' 158 


Newport, William H 235 

Niles, Henry C 174 


Outcelt, John N 283 


Parke, AIvy J 279 

Parker, Lines L 169 

Parker, Oliver H 291 

Pepper, W. W 223 

Petty, Jo eph B 270 

Phillips. J. W 225 

Price, W. E 269 

Pulliam, W. T., M. 1) 264 

Quinn, John 209 


Reat, James L 260 

Records, Jasper S 168 

Redden, Stephen 124 

Reed, Daniel W '. . 191 

Reed, W. D 287 

Reed.WinrteldS 156 

Reeder, James .S 276 

Reeder, James S 286 

Reeder, |ohn A., Jr 191 

Reeves, William \V 272 

Rice, Eugene 206 

Rice, Martin 162 

Rice, William Edgar, M. U 140 

Richards, G. R.... 276 

Richards, T. M 275 

Richman, James A 192 

Rigney, J. B., M. D 286 

Roberts, Thomas W 289 

Roderick, Uaniel 268 

Rogers, John E 139 

Root, D.O 206 

Root, Lawrence ¥. 216 

Rutherford, Dr. C 222 

Rutherford, Thomas H 187 


.Sanford, Charles S 211 

Sawyer, Albert S 214 

Siders, George W 178 

Skinner. Isaac '238 

Sl^inner, [ohn 171 

Skinner, W. W 265 

Sluss, A.C 262 

Smiley, Samuel W 281 




Smith, Moses S 155 

Summers, William T 165 

Swigart, T. W 228 

Taggart, Col. Wesford 148 

Taylor, A 295 

Thompson, R. R 168 


Todd, James G 219 

Todd, John T 212 


Wallace, Albert W 254 

Watson, Marion 280 

Watson, W. L 250 

Whitaker, John 28*5 

White, George 233 


Williams, James A 25fi 

Williamson, Joseph S 199 

Wilson, Charles W 248 

Wiseman, William A 253 

Woodford, J. P 167 

Wuolverton, Charles W 129 

Wright, James H 247 

Wyatt, Thomas S 284 

Wyeth, Clarence L 161 

Wyeth, Joseph S 188 

Wyeth, Leonard J 149 


NOV 20 193t